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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Simulation of human decision making  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for computer emulation of human decision making defines a plurality of concepts related to a domain and a plurality of situations related to the domain, where each situation is a combination of at least two of the concepts. Each concept and situation is represented in the computer as an oscillator output, and each situation and concept oscillator output is distinguishable from all other oscillator outputs. Information is input to the computer representative of detected concepts, and the computer compares the detected concepts with the stored situations to determine if a situation has occurred.

Forsythe, J. Chris (Sandia Park, NM); Speed, Ann E. (Albuquerque, NM); Jordan, Sabina E. (Albuquerque, NM); Xavier, Patrick G. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

2

Decision making process and factors routing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research studies the decision-making process and the factors that affect truck routing. The data collection involved intercept interviews with truck drivers at three rest area and truck stops along major highways in ...

Sun, Yichen, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Human Factors of Reporting Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Johnson,C.W. P. Carayon (ed.), A Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics in Healthcare and Patient Safety, Lawrence Erlbaum, London, UK. pp 715-750 Lawrence Erlbaum Associates

Johnson, C.W.

4

Accommodating complexity and human behaviors in decision analysis.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final report for a LDRD effort to address human behavior in decision support systems. One sister LDRD effort reports the extension of this work to include actual human choices and additional simulation analyses. Another provides the background for this effort and the programmatic directions for future work. This specific effort considered the feasibility of five aspects of model development required for analysis viability. To avoid the use of classified information, healthcare decisions and the system embedding them became the illustrative example for assessment.

Backus, George A.; Siirola, John Daniel; Schoenwald, David Alan; Strip, David R.; Hirsch, Gary B.; Bastian, Mark S.; Braithwaite, Karl R.; Homer, Jack [Homer Consulting

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Human factors methods in DOE nuclear facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is in the process of developing a series of guidelines for the use of human factors standards, procedures, and methods to be used in nuclear facilities. This paper discusses the philosophy and process being used to develop a DOE human factors methods handbook to be used during the design cycle. The following sections will discuss: (1) basic justification for the project; (2) human factors design objectives and goals; and (3) role of human factors engineering (HFE) in the design cycle.

Bennett, C.T.; Banks, W.W. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)); Waters, R.J. (Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Communication Factors Affecting African Policymakers' Decisions about Agricultural Biotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this study was to develop a model for impacting decisions on agricultural biotechnology practices in food production among African policymakers. The research focused on three African countries, namely, South Africa, Malawi and Ghana...

Begashaw, Belay Ejigu

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

7

Semi-Structured Decision Processes: A Conceptual Framework for Understanding Human-Automation Decision Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to improve understanding of existing and proposed decision systems, ideally to improve the design of future systems. A "decision system" is defined as a collection of

Kaliardos, William N.

8

Recruitment Experiences and Decision Factors of High School Science Teachers in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

student enrollment profile (MSEP) and size of school. The second study explores reasons for teachers' decisions to accept their positions. New-to-school teachers indicated 12 categories of reasons. Subjective factors relating to non-pecuniary aspects...

Richardson, Rasheedah 1978-

2012-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

9

Students' Perceptions of Food and Factors That Influence Purchasing Decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be accessed from your bed via smart phones, tablets, or computers while watching television, people are connected to media. Before the Internet boom, current news and information was found via newspapers and on television. Now, news is accessible twenty..., & Gardner, 2009). They make decisions based on personal experiences, what they learned in college, and information presented to them by the media. Since the majority of college students become independent after graduation and inherit students loans...

Smith, Lindsay Marie

2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

10

Learned Human-in-the-Loop Decision Making  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Planning Problem Some smart quote Introduction Decision problems underpin nearly all activities in systems ranging from individual robots, to networked power grids.

Basso, Brandon

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Traffic culture human factors & traffic safety  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traffic culture human factors & traffic safety by Dr.-Ing. Haraldur Sigþórsson and Dr.-Ing. Stefán) Culture, traffic culture and traffic safety culture are interrelated Culture www.hr.is 3 Traffic Culture Traffic safety culture What is culture? · A culture is a collection of behavioral patterns that are found

Karlsson, Brynjar

12

The impact of electricity market schemes on predictability being a decision factor in the wind farm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The impact of electricity market schemes on predictability being a decision factor in the wind farm used criterion of capacity factor on the investment phase of a wind farm and on spatial planning, it is now recognized that accurate short-term forecasts of wind farms power output over the next few hours

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

13

The impact of electricity market schemes on predictability being a decision factor in the wind farm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The impact of electricity market schemes on predictability being a decision factor in the wind farm of capacity factor on the investment phase of a wind farm and on spatial planning in an electricity market, it is now recognized that accurate short-term forecasts of wind farms power output over the next few hours

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

14

Human-Automation Collaboration in Complex Multivariate Resource Allocation Decision Support Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Human-Automation Collaboration in Complex Multivariate Resource Allocation Decision Support Systems M.L. Cummings* Sylvain Bruni Humans and Automation Laboratory 77 Massachusetts Ave, 33 uncertainty, typical of supervisory control environments, it is critical that some balance of human-automation

Cummings, Mary "Missy"

15

Learned Human-in-the-Loop Decision Making  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that it was human. - Alan Turing Introduction Learning is agreat frequency. - Alan Turing Introduction The Generalized

Basso, Brandon

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Safety Science & Solutions Integrating Human Factors in Healthcare  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safety Science & Solutions Integrating Human Factors in Healthcare Tuesday 2nd December 2014 safety, quality and productivity in healthcare. Showcasing enduring solutions to patient safety recognised speakers in patient safety including: Martin Bromiley, Founder, Clinical Human Factors Group Dr

Levi, Ran

17

Assessment of wind power predictability as a decision factor in the investment phase of wind farms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessment of wind power predictability as a decision factor in the investment phase of wind farms Antipolis, France. Abstract The ability to predict wind power production over the next few hours to days is prerequisites for the secure and economic operation of power systems with high wind power penetration. From

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

18

Human Factors and Data Fusion as Part of Control Systems Resilience  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Human performance and human decision making is counted upon as a crucial aspect of overall system resilience. Advanced control systems have the potential to provide operators and asset owners a wide range of data, deployed at different levels that can be used to support operator situation awareness. However, the sheer amount of data available can make it challenging for operators to assimilate information and respond appropriately. This paper reviews some of the challenges and issues associated with providing operators with actionable state awareness and argues for the over arching importance of integrating human factors as part of intelligent control systems design and implementation. It is argued that system resilience is improved by implementing human factors in operations and maintenance. This paper also introduces issues associated with resilience and data fusion and highlights areas in which human factors including field studies hold promise.

David I. Gertman

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Human Factors for Situation Assessment in Grid Operations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Executive Summary Despite advances in technology, power system operators must assimilate overwhelming amounts of data to keep the grid operating. Analyses of recent blackouts have clearly demonstrated the need to enhance the operators situation awareness (SA). The long-term objective of this research is to integrate valuable technologies into the grid operator environment that support decision making under normal and abnormal operating conditions and remove non-technical barriers to enable the optimum use of these technologies by individuals working alone and as a team. More specifically, the research aims to identify methods and principles to increase SA of grid operators in the context of system conditions that are representative or common across many operating entities and develop operationally relevant experimental methods for studying technologies and operational practices which contribute to SA. With increasing complexity and interconnectivity of the grid, the scope and complexity of situation awareness have grown. New paradigms are needed to guide research and tool development aimed to enhance and improve operations. In reviewing related research, operating practices, systems, and tools, the present study established a taxonomy that provides a perspective on research and development surrounding power grid situation awareness and clarifies the field of human factors/SA for grid operations. Information sources that we used to identify critical factors underlying SA included interviews with experienced operational personnel, available historical summaries and transcripts of abnormal conditions and outages (e.g., the August 14, 2003 blackout), scientific literature, and operational policies/procedures and other documentation. Our analysis of August 2003 blackout transcripts and interviews adopted a different perspective than previous analyses of this material, and we complemented this analysis with additional interviews. Based on our analysis and a broad literature review, we advocate a new perspective on SA in terms of sensemaking, also called situated or ecological decision making, where the focus of the investigation is to understand why the decision maker(s) experienced the situation the way they did, or why what they saw made sense to them at the time. This perspective is distinct from the traditional branch of human factors research in the field which focuses more on ergonomics and the transactional relationship between the human operator and the systems. Consistent with our findings from the literature review, we recognized an over-arching need to focus SA research on issues surrounding the concept of shared knowledge; e.g., awareness of what is happening in adjacent areas as well as ones own area of responsibility. Major findings were: a) Inadequate communication/information sharing is pervasive, b) Information is available, but not used. Many tools and mechanisms exist for operators to build awareness of the physical grid system, yet the transcripts reveal that they still need to call and exchange information with operators of neighboring areas to improve or validate their SA. The specific types of information that they request are quite predictable and, in most cases, cover information that could be available to both operators and reliability coordinators through readily available displays or other data sources, c) Shared Knowledge is Required on Operations/Actions as Well as Physical Status. In an ideal, technologically and organizationally perfect world, every control room and every reliability coordinator may have access to complete data across all regional control areas and yet, there would still be reason for the operators to call each other to gain and improve their SA of power grid operations, and d) Situation Awareness as sensemaking and shared knowledge.

Guttromson, Ross T.; Schur, Anne; Greitzer, Frank L.; Paget, Mia L.

2007-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

20

The evolution of a disparity decision in human visual cortex Benoit R. Cottereau a,b,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The evolution of a disparity decision in human visual cortex Benoit R. Cottereau a,b, , Justin M, France b CNRS, CerCo, Toulouse, France c School of Psychology and Neuroscience, St Mary's Quad, South, Building 01-420, Stanford University, 450 Serra Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Waste-to-energy in the United States: Socioeconomic factors and the decision-making process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Municipal solid waste (MSW) combustion with energy recovery, commonly called waste-to-energy (WTE), was adopted by many US communities during the 1980s to manage their growing quantities of MSW. Although less than one percent of all US MSW was burned to retrieve its heat energy in 1970, WTE grew to account for 16 percent of MSW in 1990, and many experts forecasted that WTE would be used to manage as much as half of all garbage by the turn of the century. However, the growth of WTE has been reduced in recent years by project cancellations. This study takes an in-depth look at the socioeconomic factors that have played a role in the decisions of communities that have considered WTE as a component of their solid waste management strategies. More specifically, a three-pronged approach is adopted to investigate (1) the relationships between a municipality`s decision to consider and accept/reject WTE and key socioeconomic parameters, (2) the potential impacts of recent changes in financial markets on the viability of WTE, and (3) the WTE decision-making process and the socioeconomic parameters that are most important in the municipality`s decision. The first two objectives are met by the collection and analysis of aggregate data on all US WTE initiatives during the 1982 to 1990 time frame. The latter objective is met by way of four in-depth case studies -- two directed at communities that have accepted WTE and two that have cancelled WTE projects.

Curlee, T.R.; Schexnayder, S.M.; Vogt, D.P.; Wolfe, A.K.; Kelsay, M.P.; Feldman, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Gray, W. D. (2003). Cognitive factors in homeland defense: The role of human factors in the novel intelligence from massive data (NIMD) project, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (pp. 1017-1018). Santa Monica, CA: Human  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

intelligence from massive data (NIMD) project, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (pp. 1017-1018). Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. COGNITIVE FACTORS IN HOMELAND DEFENSE: THE ROLE

Gray, Wayne

23

Human factors issues in qualitative and quantitative safety analyses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Humans are a critical and integral part of any operational system, be it a nuclear reactor, a facility for assembly or disassembling hazardous components, or a transportation network. In our concern over the safety of these systems, we often focus our attention on the hardware engineering components of such systems. However, experience has repeatedly demonstrated that it is often the human component that is the primary determinant of overall system safety. Both the nuclear reactor accidents at Chernobyl and Three Mile Island and shipping disasters such as the Exxon Valdez and the Herald of Free Enterprise accidents are attributable to human error. Concern over human contributions to system safety prompts us to include reviews of human factors issues in our safety analyses. In the conduct of Probabilistic Risk Assessments (PRAs), human factors issues are addressed using a quantitative method called Human Reliability Analysis (HRA). HRAs typically begin with the identification of potential sources of human error in accident sequences of interest. Human error analysis often employs plant and/or procedures walk-downs in which the analyst considers the ``goodness`` of procedures, training, and human-machine interfaces concerning their potential contribution to human error. Interviews with expert task performers may also be conducted. In the application of HRA, once candidate sources of human error have been identified, error probabilities are developed.

Hahn, H.A.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

The integration of Human Factors (HF) in the SAR process training course text  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This text provides the technical basis for a two-day course on human factors (HF), as applied to the Safety Analysis Report (SAR) process. The overall objective of this text and course is to: provide the participant with a working knowledge of human factors-related requirements, suggestions for doing a human safety analysis applying a graded approach, and an ability to demonstrate using the results of the human safety analysis, that human factors elements as defined by DOE (human factors engineering, procedures, training, oversight, staffing, qualifications), can support wherever necessary, nuclear safety commitments in the SAR. More specifically, the objectives of the text and course are: (1) To provide the SAR preparer with general guidelines for doing HE within the context of a graded approach for the SAR; (2) To sensitize DOE facility managers and staff, safety analysts and SAR preparers, independent reviewers, and DOE reviewers and regulators, to DOE Order 5480.23 requirements for HE in the SAR; (3) To provide managers, analysts, reviewers and regulators with a working knowledge of HE concepts and techniques within the context of a graded approach for the SAR, and (4) To provide SAR managers and DOE reviewers and regulators with general guidelines for monitoring and coordinating the work of preparers of HE inputs throughout the SAR process, and for making decisions regarding the safety relevance of HE inputs to the SAR. As a ready reference for implementing the human factors requirements of DOE Order 5480.22 and DOE Standard 3009-94, this course text and accompanying two-day course are intended for all persons who are involved in the SAR.

Ryan, T.G.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Ecological factors and human threats both drive wildfowl population declines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; human population density. Correspondence Peter R. Long, Department of Biology and Biochemistry, Africa and Asia. Second, we use phylogenetic comparative analyses to test whether population size, globalEcological factors and human threats both drive wildfowl population declines P. R. Long1 , T. Sz

26

Examining the role of political entrepreneurship in the decision to change Mexico's foreign policy on human rights/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Under what circumstances can political entrepreneurs shape policy change? By relying upon the multiple streams framework, this research studies some of the factors that underpin decision-making in the public sector. Through ...

Verdini Trejo, Bruno

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Human Factors Aspects of Power System Flow Animation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into utility control centers. For example, [1] and [2] describe the on-line usage of animated flows, voltageHuman Factors Aspects of Power System Flow Animation Douglas A. Wiegmann, Gavin R. Essenberg flow information, including transmission line MW flow and power transfer distribution factor (PTDF

28

Human factors evaluation of the engineering test reactor control room  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Reactor and Process Control Rooms at the Engineering Test Reactor were evaluated by a team of human factors engineers using available human factors design criteria. During the evaluation, ETR, equipment and facilities were compared with MIL-STD-1472-B, Human Engineering design Criteria for Military Systems. The focus of recommendations centered on: (a) displays and controls; placing displays and controls in functional groups; (b) establishing a consistent color coding (in compliance with a standard if possible); (c) systematizing annunciator alarms and reducing their number; (d) organizing equipment in functional groups; and (e) modifying labeling and lines of demarcation.

Banks, W.W.; Boone, M.P.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

E-Print Network 3.0 - antihemophilic factor human Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Emphasis Area As illustrated in Figure 1, "Human factors" is a system engineering... ergonomics). From this perspective, human factors engineering is commonly applied to work...

30

Integrating Human Recommendations in the Decision Process of Autonomous Nicolas C^ote -Maroua Bouzid -Abdel-Illah Mouaddib  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrating Human Recommendations in the Decision Process of Autonomous Agents Nicolas C^ot by the problems where robots deployed in complex environments meet many difficulties coming from their limited their ability, robots should take advantage from an external entity such as humans which can play a role

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

31

What Factors Affect the Decision to Invest in a Fuel Ethanol Plant? A Structural Model of the Ethanol Investment Timing Game1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 What Factors Affect the Decision to Invest in a Fuel Ethanol Plant? A Structural Model of the Ethanol Investment Timing Game1 C.-Y. Cynthia Lin and Fujin Yi Abstract The decision to invest in building an ethanol plant that uses a particular feedstock is a dynamic decision that may be affected by economic

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

32

Human factors engineering report for the cold vacuum drying facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to present the results and findings of the final Human Factors Engineering (HFE) technical analysis and evaluation of the Cold Vacuum Drying Facility (CVDF). Ergonomics issues are also addressed in this report, as appropriate. This report follows up and completes the preliminary work accomplished and reported by the Preliminary HFE Analysis report (SNF-2825, Spent Nuclear Fuel Project Cold Vacuum Drying Facility Human Factors Engineering Analysis: Results and Findings). This analysis avoids redundancy of effort except for ensuring that previously recommended HFE design changes have not affected other parts of the system. Changes in one part of the system may affect other parts of the system where those changes were not applied. The final HFE analysis and evaluation of the CVDF human-machine interactions (HMI) was expanded to include: the physical work environment, human-computer interface (HCI) including workstation and software, operator tasks, tools, maintainability, communications, staffing, training, and the overall ability of humans to accomplish their responsibilities, as appropriate. Key focal areas for this report are the process bay operations, process water conditioning (PWC) skid, tank room, and Central Control Room operations. These key areas contain the system safety-class components and are the foundation for the human factors design basis of the CVDF.

IMKER, F.W.

1999-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

33

Human factors evaluation of teletherapy: Literature review. Volume 5  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of human factors evaluations were undertaken to better understand the contributing factors to human error in the teletherapy environment. Teletherapy is a multidisciplinary methodology for treating cancerous tissue through selective exposure to an external beam of ionizing radiation. A team of human factors specialists, assisted by a panel of radiation oncologists, medical physicists, and radiation therapists, conducted site visits to radiation oncology departments at community hospitals, university centers, and free-standing clinics. A function and task analysis was performed initially to guide subsequent evaluations in the areas of workplace environment, system-user interfaces, procedures, training, and organizational practices. To further acquire an in-depth and up-to-date understanding of the practice of teletherapy in support of these evaluations, a systematic literature review was conducted. Factors that have a potential impact on the accuracy of treatment delivery were of primary concern. The present volume is the literature review. The volume starts with an overview of the multiphased nature of teletherapy, and then examines the requirement for precision, the increasing role of quality assurance, current conceptualizations of human error, and the role of system factors such as the workplace environment, user-system interfaces, procedures, training, and organizational practices.

Henriksen, K.; Kaye, R.D.; Jones, R. [Hughes Training, Inc., Falls Church, VA (United States); Morisseau, D.S.; Serig, D.L. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States). Div. of Systems Technology

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Human factors review for Severe Accident Sequence Analysis (SASA)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper will discuss work being conducted during this human factors review including: (1) support of the Severe Accident Sequence Analysis (SASA) Program based on an assessment of operator actions, and (2) development of a descriptive model of operator severe accident management. Research by SASA analysts on the Browns Ferry Unit One (BF1) anticipated transient without scram (ATWS) was supported through a concurrent assessment of operator performance to demonstrate contributions to SASA analyses from human factors data and methods. A descriptive model was developed called the Function Oriented Accident Management (FOAM) model, which serves as a structure for bridging human factors, operations, and engineering expertise and which is useful for identifying needs/deficiencies in the area of accident management. The assessment of human factors issues related to ATWS required extensive coordination with SASA analysts. The analysis was consolidated primarily to six operator actions identified in the Emergency Procedure Guidelines (EPGs) as being the most critical to the accident sequence. These actions were assessed through simulator exercises, qualitative reviews, and quantitative human reliability analyses. The FOAM descriptive model assumes as a starting point that multiple operator/system failures exceed the scope of procedures and necessitates a knowledge-based emergency response by the operators. The FOAM model provides a functionally-oriented structure for assembling human factors, operations, and engineering data and expertise into operator guidance for unconventional emergency responses to mitigate severe accident progression and avoid/minimize core degradation. Operators must also respond to potential radiological release beyond plant protective barriers. Research needs in accident management and potential uses of the FOAM model are described. 11 references, 1 figure.

Krois, P.A.; Haas, P.M.; Manning, J.J.; Bovell, C.R.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

CALL FOR PAPERS HUMAN FACTORS IN SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of practice, knowledge sharing and organizational learning Interaction in large scale online communities of effective coordination among the developers and factors such as developer motivation and organizational the patterns in which communities work Human and Organizational Issues particular to Agile software

Vellekoop, Michel

36

Human Factors Evaluation of Advanced Electric Power Grid Visualization Tools  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes initial human factors evaluation of four visualization tools (Graphical Contingency Analysis, Force Directed Graphs, Phasor State Estimator and Mode Meter/ Mode Shapes) developed by PNNL, and proposed test plans that may be implemented to evaluate their utility in scenario-based experiments.

Greitzer, Frank L.; Dauenhauer, Peter M.; Wierks, Tamara G.; Podmore, Robin

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

The Human Factors and Ergonomics EFA The field of Human Factors and Ergonomics (HFE) represents an increasingly important engineering specialty. The  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Human Factors and Ergonomics EFA The field of Human Factors and Ergonomics (HFE) represents cognitive characteristics and ergonomics considers physical characteristics. The HFE EFA builds allow for an emphasis in human factors (HF) or ergonomics (Ergo). Required courses: Semester Course

Kusiak, Andrew

38

Human Factors Issues For Multi-Modular Reactor Units  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Smaller and multi-modular reactor (MMR) will be highly technologically-advanced systems allowing more system flexibility to reactors configurations (e.g., addition/deletion of reactor units). While the technical and financial advantages of systems may be numerous, MMR presents many human factors challenges that may pose vulnerability to plant safety. An important human factors challenge in MMR operation and performance is the monitoring of data from multiple plants from centralized control rooms where human operators are responsible for interpreting, assessing, and responding to different systems states and failures (e.g., simultaneously monitoring refueling at one plant while keeping an eye on another plants normal operating state). Furthermore, the operational, safety, and performance requirements for MMR can seriously change current staffing models and roles, the mode in which information is displayed, procedures and training to support and guide operators, and risk analysis. For these reasons, addressing human factors concerns in MMR are essential in reducing plant risk.

Tuan Q Tran; Humberto E. Garcia; Ronald L. Boring; Jeffrey C. Joe; Bruce P. Hallbert

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Human factors evaluation of electroluminescent display. number sign. 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report consists of an an electroluminescent display, done by scientists and researchers in the Human Factors Research Unit at EG G, Idaho, Inc. The purpose of this evaluation was to examine the Sunlight Readability'' of one electroluminescent (EL) display; a display which may be incorporated into a new generation of US Army diesel generators. The basic finding of this evaluation is that this particular EL display is not sunlight readable. 2 figs., 10 tabs.

Auflick, J.L. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (USA))

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

E-Print Network 3.0 - activating factor-stimulated human Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

factor mediated activation of mTOR is deregulated in human cancer... , Schaffhausen B, Pallas DC, White M, Cantley L, Roberts TM. Common elements in growth factor stimulation... ,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Human Factors Considerations in New Nuclear Power Plants: Detailed Analysis.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) sponsored study has identified human-performance issues in new and advanced nuclear power plants. To identify the issues, current industry developments and trends were evaluated in the areas of reactor technology, instrumentation and control technology, human-system integration technology, and human factors engineering (HFE) methods and tools. The issues were organized into seven high-level HFE topic areas: Role of Personnel and Automation, Staffing and Training, Normal Operations Management, Disturbance and Emergency Management, Maintenance and Change Management, Plant Design and Construction, and HFE Methods and Tools. The issues where then prioritized into four categories using a 'Phenomena Identification and Ranking Table' methodology based on evaluations provided by 14 independent subject matter experts. The subject matter experts were knowledgeable in a variety of disciplines. Vendors, utilities, research organizations and regulators all participated. Twenty issues were categorized into the top priority category. This Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) technical report provides the detailed methodology, issue analysis, and results. A summary of the results of this study can be found in NUREG/CR-6947. The research performed for this project has identified a large number of human-performance issues for new control stations and new nuclear power plant designs. The information gathered in this project can serve as input to the development of a long-term strategy and plan for addressing human performance in these areas through regulatory research. Addressing human-performance issues will provide the technical basis from which regulatory review guidance can be developed to meet these challenges. The availability of this review guidance will help set clear expectations for how the NRC staff will evaluate new designs, reduce regulatory uncertainty, and provide a well-defined path to new nuclear power plant licensing.

OHara,J.; Higgins, J.; Brown, W.; Fink, R.

2008-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

42

Graduate Studies in Industrial and Systems Engineering Human Factors/Ergonomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Graduate Studies in Industrial and Systems Engineering Human Factors/Ergonomics 2013-2014 Introduction Human Factors Engineering, also known as Ergonomics, can be briefly defined as the science and skills. At OSU, Human Factors/Ergonomics (HF/E) is composed of two broad areas: Cognitive Engineering

43

The Central Ohio Chapter, an affiliate of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, was formed in 1987. Its purpose is to promote and advance the understanding of the human factors involved in the design, manufacture,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Central Ohio Chapter, an affiliate of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, was formed person who is a member of the national Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. Members in good standing: "Human Factors and Ergonomics ­ Central Ohio" Mail your application to: Human Factors and Ergonomics

Sommerich, Carolyn M.

44

RIS-M-2349 A MODEL OF HUMAN DECISION MAKING IN COMPLEX SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the operator is to design a INIS Descriptors BEHAVIOR; CONTROL ROOMS; CONTROL SYSTEMS; FLOW MODELS; HUMAN

45

Applying Human Factors during the SIS Life Cycle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS) are widely used in U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) nonreactor nuclear facilities for safety-critical applications. Although use of the SIS technology and computer-based digital controls, can improve performance and safety, it potentially introduces additional complexities, such as failure modes that are not readily detectable. Either automated actions or manual (operator) actions may be required to complete the safety instrumented function to place the process in a safe state or mitigate a hazard in response to an alarm or indication. DOE will issue a new standard, Application of Safety Instrumented Systems Used at DOE Nonreactor Nuclear Facilities, to provide guidance for the design, procurement, installation, testing, maintenance, operation, and quality assurance of SIS used in safety significant functions at DOE nonreactor nuclear facilities. The DOE standard focuses on utilizing the process industry consensus standard, American National Standards Institute/ International Society of Automation (ANSI/ISA) 84.00.01, Functional Safety: Safety Instrumented Systems for the Process Industry Sector, to support reliable SIS design throughout the DOE complex. SIS design must take into account human-machine interfaces and their limitations and follow good human factors engineering (HFE) practices. HFE encompasses many diverse areas (e.g., information display, user-system interaction, alarm management, operator response, control room design, and system maintainability), which affect all aspects of system development and modification. This paper presents how the HFE processes and principles apply throughout the SIS life cycle to support the design and use of SIS at DOE nonreactor nuclear facilities.

Avery, K.

2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

46

Human Factors design and evaluation criteria applied to academic and instructional websites.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This culminating project applies Human Factors principles to the analysis of various web designs. This culminating project consists of three major parts. The first chapter (more)

Mendez, Veronica

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Culminating applications of human factors to the academic affairs web team projects.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The demand for Human Factors specialists in the private sector has grown significantly in the past decade. One reason for this demand is attributed to (more)

Atachagua, Juan Antonio

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Risk-Informed Decisions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laboratory's Risk-Informed Decisions division study the interaction between human and machines to determine how that relationship can be improved in order to enhance performance...

49

Technology and architecture : informing investment decisions for the future of human space exploration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NASA's detailed programmatic goals, system architectures, and mission designs for future human spaceflight beyond Earth orbit remain unspecified. Given this uncertainty, it is not clear exactly which technologies are ...

Battat, Jonathan Alexander

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Human-Automation Collaboration in Complex Multivariate Resource Allocation Decision Support Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In resource allocation problems for systems with moving planning horizons and significant uncertainty, typical of supervisory control environments, it is critical that some balance of human-automation collaboration be ...

Cummings, M.L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Engineering-human factors interface in stairway tread-riser design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

its techniques are applied to the development of consumer goods and facilities design. Human factor considerations will usually improve the ease, efficiency, and accident risk potential of the human element of a system. Human factors data can... these standards on the basis of new technology now appears to be desirable. Rational for the Standardization of 0 timum stairwa Desi n Standardization of an optimum "range" of stairway design features is desirable because the potential for accidents...

Nelson, Gary Scott

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

1. " The impact of personal and organizational factors on the use of decision support systems by the Jordanian corporations in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of marketing managers in Jordan corporations enrolled in Amman Stock Exchange. A random sample has been in marketing decision - taking at the Jordan corporations with high level. 2- There were no significant the usage level of DSS when taking the marketing decisions. The study recommended the necessity

53

Accident analysis and hazard analysis for human and organizational factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pressures and incentives to operate complex socio-technical aerospace systems in a high-risk state are ever present. Without consideration of the role humans and organizations play in system safety during the development ...

Stringfellow, Margaret Virgina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

254 PROCEEDINGS of the HUMAN FACTORS AND ERGONOMICS SOCIETY 42nd ANNUAL MEETING-1998 CONTENDING WITH COMPLEXITY: THE DEVELOPMENT AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

254 PROCEEDINGS of the HUMAN FACTORS AND ERGONOMICS SOCIETY 42nd ANNUAL MEETING-1998 CONTENDING methodological and practical constraints. #12;PROCEEDINGS of the HUMAN FACTORS AND ERGONOMICS SOCIETY 42nd ANNUAL

Gray, Wayne

55

ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND HAZARD ANALYSIS FOR HUMAN AND ORGANIZATIONAL FACTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Astronautics in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY on 10/29/2010 in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy systems in a high-risk state are ever present. Without consideration of the role humans and organizations

Leveson, Nancy

56

Human Cytomegalovirus Secretome Contains Factors That Induce Angiogenesis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinement plasmas inPortalAllBPA addressesHowHughHuman Capitaland

57

Human Factors Engineering Analysis Tool - Energy Innovation Portal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinement plasmas inPortalAllBPA addressesHowHughHuman

58

Decision Support:Decision Support: Decision AnalysisDecision Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Making under Risk Expected Value Sensitivity Analysis Decision Analysis Decision Analysis: Applied Decision Decision-Making Process Source: Decision Analysis A Tool to Deal with Uncertainty, http Succeed Fail Decision Trees OR/MS Multi-Criteria Optimisation Risk Analysis and Simulation Bayesian

Bohanec, Marko

59

HUMAN ERROR QUANTIFICATION USING PERFORMANCE SHAPING FACTORS IN THE SPAR-H METHOD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a cognitively based human reliability analysis (HRA) quantification technique for estimating the human error probabilities (HEPs) associated with operator and crew actions at nuclear power plants. The method described here, Standardized Plant Analysis Risk-Human Reliability Analysis (SPAR-H) method, was developed to aid in characterizing and quantifying human performance at nuclear power plants. The intent was to develop a defensible method that would consider all factors that may influence performance. In the SPAR-H approach, calculation of HEP rates is especially straightforward, starting with pre-defined nominal error rates for cognitive vs. action-oriented tasks, and incorporating performance shaping factor multipliers upon those nominal error rates.

Harold S. Blackman; David I. Gertman; Ronald L. Boring

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

SUBMITTED TO IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, FEBRUARY 2002 1 Human Factors Aspects of Power System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

either as numerical fields on one-line diagrams, or by tabular list displays. Additionally, in a utility with human factors aspects of utilizing color contours to visualize electric power system bus voltage the needs of a vertically integrated utility, with restructuring they are increasingly inadequate

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Human Factors Engineering and Ergonomics Analysis for the Canister Storage Building (CSB) Results and Findings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose for this supplemental report is to follow-up and update the information in SNF-3907, Human Factors Engineering (HFE) Analysis: Results and Findings. This supplemental report responds to applicable U.S. Department of Energy Safety Analysis Report review team comments and questions. This Human Factors Engineering and Ergonomics (HFE/Erg) analysis was conducted from April 1999 to July 1999; SNF-3907 was based on analyses accomplished in October 1998. The HFE/Erg findings presented in this report and SNF-3907, along with the results of HNF-3553, Spent Nuclear Fuel Project, Final Safety Analysis Report, Annex A, ''Canister Storage Building Final Safety Analysis Report,'' Chapter A3.0, ''Hazards and Accidents Analyses,'' provide the technical basis for preparing or updating HNF-3553. Annex A, Chaptex A13.0, ''Human Factors Engineering.'' The findings presented in this report allow the HNF-3553 Chapter 13.0, ''Human Factors,'' to respond fully to the HFE requirements established in DOE Order 5480.23, Nuclear Safety Analysis Reports.

GARVIN, L.J.

1999-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

62

The impact of environmental factors on human life-history evolution: an optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The impact of environmental factors on human life-history evolution: an optimization modelling of the model parameters representing food availability and environmental stresses. Using these strategies, we on both environmental parameters. Then, using a statistical analysis of global social and demographic data

Roche, Benjamin

63

Factors which affect programming decision-making of public information radio tape service by Spanish-language broadcasters in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

impetus to this thesis project. One Texas Agricultural Extension Service study in El Paso by Daniel C. Pfannstiel and Starley M. Hunter points out that language preference and understanding of Spanish or English, or both languages, are major factors...

Pina, Manuel

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Human Factors Principles in Design of Computer-Mediated Visualization for Robot Missions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With increased use of robots as a resource in missions supporting countermine, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and chemical, biological, radiological nuclear and conventional explosives (CBRNE), fully understanding the best means by which to complement the human operators underlying perceptual and cognitive processes could not be more important. Consistent with control and display integration practices in many other high technology computer-supported applications, current robotic design practices rely highly upon static guidelines and design heuristics that reflect the expertise and experience of the individual designer. In order to use what we know about human factors (HF) to drive human robot interaction (HRI) design, this paper reviews underlying human perception and cognition principles and shows how they were applied to a threat detection domain.

David I Gertman; David J Bruemmer

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Applications of human factors engineering to LNG release prevention and control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of an investigation of human factors engineering and human reliability applications to LNG release prevention and control are reported. The report includes a discussion of possible human error contributions to previous LNG accidents and incidents, and a discussion of generic HF considerations for peakshaving plants. More specific recommendations for improving HF practices at peakshaving plants are offered based on visits to six facilities. The HF aspects of the recently promulgated DOT regulations are reviewed, and recommendations are made concerning how these regulations can be implemented utilizing standard HF practices. Finally, the integration of HF considerations into overall system safety is illustrated by a presentation of human error probabilities applicable to LNG operations and by an expanded fault tree analysis which explicitly recognizes man-machine interfaces.

Shikiar, R.; Rankin, W.L.; Rideout, T.B.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Decision insight into stakeholder conflict for ERN.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Participatory modeling has become an important tool in facilitating resource decision making and dispute resolution. Approaches to modeling that are commonly used in this context often do not adequately account for important human factors. Current techniques provide insights into how certain human activities and variables affect resource outcomes; however, they do not directly simulate the complex variables that shape how, why, and under what conditions different human agents behave in ways that affect resources and human interactions related to them. Current approaches also do not adequately reveal how the effects of individual decisions scale up to have systemic level effects in complex resource systems. This lack of integration prevents the development of more robust models to support decision making and dispute resolution processes. Development of integrated tools is further hampered by the fact that collection of primary data for decision-making modeling is costly and time consuming. This project seeks to develop a new approach to resource modeling that incorporates both technical and behavioral modeling techniques into a single decision-making architecture. The modeling platform is enhanced by use of traditional and advanced processes and tools for expedited data capture. Specific objectives of the project are: (1) Develop a proof of concept for a new technical approach to resource modeling that combines the computational techniques of system dynamics and agent based modeling, (2) Develop an iterative, participatory modeling process supported with traditional and advance data capture techniques that may be utilized to facilitate decision making, dispute resolution, and collaborative learning processes, and (3) Examine potential applications of this technology and process. The development of this decision support architecture included both the engineering of the technology and the development of a participatory method to build and apply the technology. Stakeholder interaction with the model and associated data capture was facilitated through two very different modes of engagement, one a standard interface involving radio buttons, slider bars, graphs and plots, while the other utilized an immersive serious gaming interface. The decision support architecture developed through this project was piloted in the Middle Rio Grande Basin to examine how these tools might be utilized to promote enhanced understanding and decision-making in the context of complex water resource management issues. Potential applications of this architecture and its capacity to lead to enhanced understanding and decision-making was assessed through qualitative interviews with study participants who represented key stakeholders in the basin.

Siirola, John; Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Benz, Zachary O.; Stansbury, Melanie; Richards, Elizabeth H.; Turnley, Jessica Glicken (Galisteo Consulting); Warrender, Christina E.; Morrow, James Dan

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

40 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, VOL. 1, NO. 1, MARCH 2000 Designing Human-Centered Automation: Tradeoffs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-centered automation in advanced vehicle systems, the decision method identifies performance valuations and compares--Advanced vehicle systems, decision making, human-centered automation, human factors, satisficing. I. INTRODUCTION Human-Centered Automation: Tradeoffs in Collision Avoidance System Design Michael A. Goodrich, Member

Goodrich, Michael A.

68

Enhancing the NCSU PULSTAR reactor control room with human factors considerations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The North Carolina PULSTAR research reactor was constructed to support teaching, training, and research. The training provided is not limited to academic students but encompasses plant operators, managers, engineers, designers, and supporting organizations in the nuclear industry. Our facility is under-going design changes to maximize teaching effectiveness and continued safe operation by providing current technology in the control room. The opportunity for the enhancements is a result of the generosity of neighboring utilities and the US Department of Energy instrumentation upgrade funds. Our objective, to provide a control room environment that conforms to selected industry practices, required human factors input. A human factors course, offered jointly between the industrial engineering and the psychology departments, included the PULSTAR control room enhancement as a case study.

Glover, B.L.; Pupons, D.E.; Perez, P.B. (North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Factors for conversion between human and automatic read-outs of CDMAM images  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: According to the European protocol for the quality control of the physical and technical aspects of mammography screening (EPQCM) image quality of digital mammography devices has to be assessed using human evaluation of the CDMAM contrast-detail phantom. This is accomplished by the determination of threshold thicknesses of gold disks with different diameters (0.08-2 mm) and revealed to be very time consuming. Therefore a software solution based on a nonprewhitening matched filter (NPW) model was developed at University of Nijmegen. Factors for the conversion from automatic to human readouts have been determined by Young et al.[Proc. SPIE 614206, 1-13 (2006) and Proc. SPIE 6913, 69131C1 (2008)] using a huge amount of data of both human and automatic readouts. These factors depend on the observer groups and are purely phenomenological. The authors present an alternative approach to determine the factors by using the Rose observer model. Methods: Their method uses the Rose theory which gives a relationship between threshold contrast, diameter of the object and number of incident photons. To estimate the conversion factors for the five diameters from 0.2 to 0.5 mm they exposed with five different current-time products which resulted in 25 equations with five unknowns. Results: The theoretical conversion factors (in dependence of the diameters) amounted to be 1.61 {+-} 0.02 (0.2 mm diameter), 1.67 {+-} 0.02 (0.25 mm), 1.85 {+-} 0.02 (0.31 mm), 2.09 {+-} 0.02 (0.4 mm), and 2.28 {+-} 0.02 (0.5 mm). The corresponding phenomenological factors found in literature are 1.74 (0.2 mm), 1.78 (0.25 mm), 1.83 (0.31 mm), 1.88 (0.4 mm), and 1.93 (0.5 mm). Conclusions: They transferred the problem of determining the factors to a well known observer model which has been examined for many years and is also well established. This method reveals to be reproduceable and produces factors comparable to the phenomenological ones.

Figl, Michael; Hoffmann, Rainer; Kaar, Marcus; Semturs, Friedrich; Brasik, Natasa; Birkfellner, Wolfgang; Homolka, Peter; Hummel, Johann [Center for medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Medical University of Vienna, Austria A-1090 (Austria); Department of Radiology, Medical University of Vienna, Austria A-1090 (Austria); Center for medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Medical University of Vienna, Austria A-1090 (Austria); Center for medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Medical University of Vienna, Austria A-1090 and Department of Radio-oncology, Wilhelminenspital, Vienna, Austria A-1160 (Austria)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

70

Identification and Evaluation of Human Factors Issues Associated with Emerging Nuclear Plant Technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study has identified human performance research issues associated with the implementation of new technology in nuclear power plants (NPPs). To identify the research issues, current industry developments and trends were evaluated in the areas of reactor technology, instrumentation and control technology, human-system integration technology, and human factors engineering (HFE) methods and tools. The issues were prioritized into four categories based on evaluations provided by 14 independent subject matter experts representing vendors, utilities, research organizations and regulators. Twenty issues were categorized into the top priority category. The study also identifies the priority of each issue and the rationale for those in the top priority category. The top priority issues were then organized into research program areas of: New Concepts of Operation using Multi-agent Teams, Human-system Interface Design, Complexity Issues in Advanced Systems, Operating Experience of New and Modernized Plants, and HFE Methods and Tools. The results can serve as input to the development of a long-term strategy and plan for addressing human performance in these areas to support the safe operation of new NPPs.

O'Hara,J.M.; Higgins,J.; Brown, William S.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

NRC Reviewer Aid for Evaluating the Human Factors Engineering Aspects of Small Modular Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Small modular reactors (SMRs) are a promising approach to meeting future energy needs. Although the electrical output of an individual SMR is relatively small compared to that of typical commercial nuclear plants, they can be grouped to produce as much energy as a utility demands. Furthermore, SMRs can be used for other purposes, such as producing hydrogen and generating process heat. The design characteristics of many SMRs differ from those of current conventional plants and may require a distinct concept of operations (ConOps). The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) conducted research to examine the human factors engineering (HFE) and the operational aspects of SMRs. The research identified thirty potential human-performance issues that should be considered in the NRC's reviews of SMR designs and in future research activities. The purpose of this report is to support NRC HFE reviewers of SMR applications by identifying some of the questions that can be asked of applicants whose designs have characteristics identified in the issues. The questions for each issue were identified and organized based on the review elements and guidance contained in Chapter 18 of the Standard Review Plan (NUREG-0800), and the Human Factors Engineering Program Review Model (NUREG-0711).

OHara J. M.; Higgins, J.C.

2012-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

72

How Many Performance Shaping Factors are Necessary for Human Reliability Analysis?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has been argued that human reliability analysis (HRA) has expended considerable energy on creating detailed representations of human performance through an increasingly long list of performance shaping factors (PSFs). It is not clear, however, to what extent this refinement and expansion of PSFs has enhanced the quality of HRA. Indeed, there is considerable range in the number of PSFs provided by individual HRA methods, ranging from single factor models such as time-reliability curves, up to 50 or more PSFs in some current HRA models. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission advocates 15 PSFs in its HRA Good Practices (NUREG-1792), while its SPAR-H method (NUREG/CR-6883) espouses the use of eight PSFs and its ATHEANA method (NUREG-1624) features an open-ended number of PSFs. The apparent differences in the optimal number of PSFs can be explained in terms of the diverse functions of PSFs in HRA. The purpose of this paper is to explore the role of PSFs across different stages of HRA, including identification of potential human errors, modeling of these errors into an overall probabilistic risk assessment, quantifying errors, and preventing errors.

Ronald L. Boring

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

PROCEEDINGS of the HUMAN FACTORS AND ERGONOMICS SOCIETY 42nd ANNUAL MEETING--IYYB SCALED WORLDS AS RESEARCH TOOLS: A  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROCEEDINGS of the HUMAN FACTORS AND ERGONOMICS SOCIETY 42nd ANNUAL MEETING--IYYB 1157 SCALED and Ergonomics Society (pp. 163-167). Santa Monica, CA: HFES. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The work at George Mason

Gray, Wayne

75

Human Factors Process Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (HF PFMEA) Application in the Evaluation of Management Risks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.3.1. Mechanisms of Prevention ............................................................................................... 11 2.4. Human Factors Process Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (HF PFMEA) ....................... 11 2.5. FMEA Components... ........................................................................................... 15 2.5.5. Risk Priority Number ....................................................................................................... 17 2.6. FMEA Model...

Soguilon, Nenita M.

2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

76

Applying Human Factors Evaluation and Design Guidance to a Nuclear Power Plant Digital Control System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The United States (U.S.) nuclear industry, like similar process control industries, has moved toward upgrading its control rooms. The upgraded control rooms typically feature digital control system (DCS) displays embedded in the panels. These displays gather information from the system and represent that information on a single display surface. In this manner, the DCS combines many previously separate analog indicators and controls into a single digital display, whereby the operators can toggle between multiple windows to monitor and control different aspects of the plant. The design of the DCS depends on the function of the system it monitors, but revolves around presenting the information most germane to an operator at any point in time. DCSs require a carefully designed human system interface. This report centers on redesigning existing DCS displays for an example chemical volume control system (CVCS) at a U.S. nuclear power plant. The crucial nature of the CVCS, which controls coolant levels and boration in the primary system, requires a thorough human factors evaluation of its supporting DCS. The initial digital controls being developed for the DCSs tend to directly mimic the former analog controls. There are, however, unique operator interactions with a digital vs. analog interface, and the differences have not always been carefully factored in the translation of an analog interface to a replacement DCS. To ensure safety, efficiency, and usability of the emerging DCSs, a human factors usability evaluation was conducted on a CVCS DCS currently being used and refined at an existing U.S. nuclear power plant. Subject matter experts from process control engineering, software development, and human factors evaluated the DCS displays to document potential usability issues and propose design recommendations. The evaluation yielded 167 potential usability issues with the DCS. These issues should not be considered operator performance problems but rather opportunities identified by experts to improve upon the design of the DCS. A set of nine design recommendations was developed to address these potential issues. The design principles addressed the following areas: (1) color, (2) pop-up window structure, (3) navigation, (4) alarms, (5) process control diagram, (6) gestalt grouping, (7) typography, (8) terminology, and (9) data entry. Visuals illustrating the improved DCS displays accompany the design recommendations. These nine design principles serve as the starting point to a planned general DCS style guide that can be used across the U.S. nuclear industry to aid in the future design of effective DCS interfaces.

Thomas Ulrich; Ronald Boring; William Phoenix; Emily Dehority; Tim Whiting; Jonathan Morrell; Rhett Backstrom

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Design and construction of a general purpose Human Factors Environmental Laboratory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

made, the screen presents an unknown quality which high intensity projection may overcome. A heavy-duty camera tripod and tripod dolly was desired be- cause of the weight of the Bolex ca!sera and control platform. The dolly will allow easy movement.... Flectro. , tatic Air Cl. saner Control Scheraatic 29 CHAPTER I INTRGDUCTION Human Factors Zupinecring has been practiced throughout the centuries by man, as he designed ncw instruments of peace and war. The Stone Agc at? was fitted with a handle...

Hennigan, James Kerness

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Studies on Shiga toxin type 1 mediated tumor necrosis factor synthesis in a human monocytic cell line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDIES ON SHIGA TOXIN TYPE 1 MEDIATED TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR SYNTHESIS IN A HUMAN MONOCYTIC CELL LINE A Thesis by RAMESH SAKIRI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AII M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1997 Major Subject: Biology STUDIES ON SHIGA TOXIN TYPE 1 MEDIATED TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR SYNTHESIS IN A HUMAN MONOCYTIC CELL LINE A Thesis by RAMESH SAKIRI Submitted to Texas A8M University in partial...

Sakiri, Ramesh

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Updating Human Factors Engineering Guidelines for Conducting Safety Reviews of Nuclear Power Plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) reviews the human factors engineering (HFE) programs of applicants for nuclear power plant construction permits, operating licenses, standard design certifications, and combined operating licenses. The purpose of these safety reviews is to help ensure that personnel performance and reliability are appropriately supported. Detailed design review procedures and guidance for the evaluations is provided in three key documents: the Standard Review Plan (NUREG-0800), the HFE Program Review Model (NUREG-0711), and the Human-System Interface Design Review Guidelines (NUREG-0700). These documents were last revised in 2007, 2004 and 2002, respectively. The NRC is committed to the periodic update and improvement of the guidance to ensure that it remains a state-of-the-art design evaluation tool. To this end, the NRC is updating its guidance to stay current with recent research on human performance, advances in HFE methods and tools, and new technology being employed in plant and control room design. This paper describes the role of HFE guidelines in the safety review process and the content of the key HFE guidelines used. Then we will present the methodology used to develop HFE guidance and update these documents, and describe the current status of the update program.

O, J.M.; Higgins, J.; Stephen Fleger - NRC

2011-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

80

Human Factors Engineering Program Review Model (NUREG-0711)Revision 3: Update Methodology and Key Revisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) reviews the human factors engineering (HFE) programs of applicants for nuclear power plant construction permits, operating licenses, standard design certifications, and combined operating licenses. The purpose of these safety reviews is to help ensure that personnel performance and reliability are appropriately supported. Detailed design review procedures and guidance for the evaluations is provided in three key documents: the Standard Review Plan (NUREG-0800), the HFE Program Review Model (NUREG-0711), and the Human-System Interface Design Review Guidelines (NUREG-0700). These documents were last revised in 2007, 2004 and 2002, respectively. The NRC is committed to the periodic update and improvement of the guidance to ensure that it remains a state-of-the-art design evaluation tool. To this end, the NRC is updating its guidance to stay current with recent research on human performance, advances in HFE methods and tools, and new technology being employed in plant and control room design. NUREG-0711 is the first document to be addressed. We present the methodology used to update NUREG-0711 and summarize the main changes made. Finally, we discuss the current status of the update program and the future plans.

OHara J. M.; Higgins, J.; Fleger, S.

2012-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Investigating online decision-making styles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As one of the factors influencing consumers purchase behavior, decision-making styles are crucial for understanding consumer shopping behavior and for developing successful marketing strategies. Decision-making styles have been mainly viewed as a...

Park, Young A

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

Technical issues related to NUREG 0800, Chapter 18: Human Factors Engineering/Standard Review Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The revision of Chapter 18 of NUREG 0800, Human Factors Engineering Standard Review Plan (SRP) will be based on SECY 82-111 and guidance contained in NUREG 0700, NUREG 0801 and NUREG 0835, plus other references. In conducting field reviews of control rooms, the NRC has identified technical issues which can be used to enhance the development of the revised version of NUREG 0800, and to establish priorities among the list of possible Branch Technical Positions (BTP) in NUREG 0800, Rev. 0, Table 18.0-2. This report is a compilation of comments and suggestions from the people who used NUREG 0700 in the Control Room field reviews. This information was used to establish possible BTP topic priorities so that the most important BTPs could be issued first. The comments and suggestions are included for HFEB review in conjunction with the table of priorities.

Savage, J.W.

1982-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

83

Light scattering by a rough surface of human skin. 1. The luminance factor of reflected light  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on the analytical solution of Maxwell's equations, we have studied the angular structure of the luminance factor of light reflected by the rough skin surface with large-scale relief elements, illuminated by a directed radiation beam incident at an arbitrary angle inside or outside the medium. The parameters of the surface inhomogeneities are typical of human skin. The calculated angular dependences are interpreted from the point of view of the angular distribution function of micro areas. The results obtained can be used for solving direct and inverse problems in biomedical optics, in particular for determining the depth of light penetration into a biological tissue, for studying the light action spectra on tissue chromophores under the in vivo conditions, for developing diagnostic methods of structural and biophysical parameters of a medium, and for optimising the mechanisms of interaction of light with biological tissues under their noninvasive irradiation through skin. (biomedical optics)

Barun, V V [Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radioelectronics, Minsk (Belarus); Ivanov, A P [B.I.Stepanov Institute of Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk (Belarus)

2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

84

Decision Summaries  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ohadecision-summaries Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC, 20585 202-287-1566 en Summary of Decisions - October 6, 2014 - October 10, 2014...

85

Human performance modeling for system of systems analytics: combat performance-shaping factors.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US military has identified Human Performance Modeling (HPM) as a significant requirement and challenge of future systems modeling and analysis initiatives. To support this goal, Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) has undertaken a program of HPM as an integral augmentation to its system-of-system (SoS) analytics capabilities. The previous effort, reported in SAND2005-6569, evaluated the effects of soldier cognitive fatigue on SoS performance. The current effort began with a very broad survey of any performance-shaping factors (PSFs) that also might affect soldiers performance in combat situations. The work included consideration of three different approaches to cognition modeling and how appropriate they would be for application to SoS analytics. This bulk of this report categorizes 47 PSFs into three groups (internal, external, and task-related) and provides brief descriptions of how each affects combat performance, according to the literature. The PSFs were then assembled into a matrix with 22 representative military tasks and assigned one of four levels of estimated negative impact on task performance, based on the literature. Blank versions of the matrix were then sent to two ex-military subject-matter experts to be filled out based on their personal experiences. Data analysis was performed to identify the consensus most influential PSFs. Results indicate that combat-related injury, cognitive fatigue, inadequate training, physical fatigue, thirst, stress, poor perceptual processing, and presence of chemical agents are among the PSFs with the most negative impact on combat performance.

Lawton, Craig R.; Miller, Dwight Peter

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Waste-to-energy: Decision making and the decisions made  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the early 1980s, it was projected that waste-to-energy (WTE) facilities would manage as much as half of all municipal solid waste by the turn of the century. However, during the latter part of the 1980s, the cancellation rate for WTE facilities grew to the point that the portion of the waste stream WTE will handle in the long-term future is less certain. This study, conducted as part of a larger study, identifies factors that influence municipalities, decisions regarding WTE. This study takes a broad perspective about decision-making within communities, emphasizing the context within which decisions were made and the decision-making process. It does not seek to judge the correctness of the decisions.

Schexnayder, S.M. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)); Wolfe, A.K. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Waste-to-energy: Decision making and the decisions made  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the early 1980s, it was projected that waste-to-energy (WTE) facilities would manage as much as half of all municipal solid waste by the turn of the century. However, during the latter part of the 1980s, the cancellation rate for WTE facilities grew to the point that the portion of the waste stream WTE will handle in the long-term future is less certain. This study, conducted as part of a larger study, identifies factors that influence municipalities, decisions regarding WTE. This study takes a broad perspective about decision-making within communities, emphasizing the context within which decisions were made and the decision-making process. It does not seek to judge the correctness of the decisions.

Schexnayder, S.M. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States); Wolfe, A.K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Management decisions for cogeneration : a survey analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study explores the underlying factors in the decision by private, private non-profit, and public sector facility owners to invest in cogeneration technology. It employs alpha factor analysis techniques to develop ...

Radcliffe, Robert R.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Industrial Application of Human Factors Safety Standards ISBN 978-82-471-2251-8 (Electronic)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

advantages and manage challenges related to humans as parts of safety-critical and safety-related systems. A survey of selected HSE standards used in the Norwegian petroleum industry revealed that the standards

Langseth, Helge

90

3D Human Motion Tracking with a Coordinated Mixture ofFactor Analyzers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

evaluation of video-based 3d person tracking. In IEEELee, C. -S. (2004). Inferring 3D body pose from silhouettesMonocular tracking of 3D human motion with a coordinated

Li, Rui; Tian, Tai-Peng; Sclaroff, Stan; Yang, Ming-Hsuan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Autism Genetic Testing: Psychological Factors Associated with the Test Decisions Among Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) in Taiwan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are a group of highly inheritable disorders. Genetic testing for ASD is anticipated to be offered in Taiwan in the near future. Therefore, it is critical to explore the psychological factors regarding the test...

Xu, Lei

2014-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

92

Analysis of variation at transcription factor binding sites in Drosophila and humans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Background: Advances in sequencing technology have boosted population genomics and made it possible to map the positions of transcription factor binding sites (TFBSs) with high precision. Here we investigate TFBS variability ...

Spivakov, Mikhail

93

Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics AHFE 2014, Krakw, Poland 19-23 July 2014 Edited by T. Ahram, W. Karwowski and T. Marek  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics AHFE 2014 Human Factors and Ergonomics AHFE 2014, Kraków, Poland 19-23 July 2014 Edited by T. Ahram, W. Karwowski

Boucherie, Richard J.

94

"Adapting C2 to the 21st Century" Introducing a Human-Automation Collaboration Taxonomy (HACT) in Command and Control Decision-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 12TH ICCRTS "Adapting C2 to the 21st Century" Introducing a Human-Automation Collaboration and Automation Laboratory 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Bldg 33-407 Cambridge, MA 02319 #12;2 Introducing a Human-Automation-support systems that attempt to facilitate collaboration between the human operator and automation. Unfortunately

Cummings, Mary "Missy"

95

HCFC1 is a common component of active human CpG-island promoters and coincides with ZNF143, THAP11, YY1, and GABP transcription factor occupancy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In human transcriptional regulation, DNA-sequence-specific factors can associate with intermediaries that orchestrate interactions with a diverse set of chromatin-modifying enzymes. One such intermediary is HCFC1 (also ...

JnBaptiste, Courtney Kenneil

96

Human factors engineering evaluation of the Advanced Test Reactor Control Room  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The information presented here represents preliminary findings related to an ongoing human engineering evaluation of the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) Control Room. Although many of the problems examined in this report have been previously noted by ATR operations personnel, the systematic approach used in this investigation produced many new insights. While many violations of Human Engineering military standards (MIL-STD) are noted, and numerous recommendations made, the recommendations should be examined cautiously. The reason for our suggested caution lies in the fact that many ATR operators have well over 10-years experience in operating the controls, meters, etc. Hence, it is assumed adaptation to the existing system is quite developed and the introduction of hardware/control changes, even though the changes enhance the system, may cause short-term (or long-term, depending upon the amount of operator experience and training) adjustment problems for operators adapting to the new controls/meters and physical layout.

Boone, M.P.; Banks, W.W.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

ADVANCED DECISION ANALYSIS Winter 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ADVANCED DECISION ANALYSIS PH 444 Winter 2011 Course Instructor: Gordon Hazen, Ph.D. Professor a factored cost-effectiveness model · Construct a stochastic tree transition diagram for a medical treatment problem. · Convert a stochastic tree diagram to a discrete-time Markov chain transition diagram

Chisholm, Rex L.

98

Advanced Review Judgment and decision making  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and social factors that shape and complement the cognitive processes of decision making. The decision shifted its emphasis from predicting choices, which can be successful without theoretical insight, to understanding the processes shaping them. Those processes are often revealed through biases that suggest non

Fischhoff, Baruch

99

2000 Records of Decision  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

History Book Records of Decision Tribal Affairs 2000 Records of Decision Fourmile Hill Geothermal Development Project Power Purchase and Transmission Service Agreements -...

100

Management decisions for cogeneration : executive summary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report summarizes two interdependent studies which explore the underlying factors in the decision by private, private non-profit, and public sector facility owners to invest in cogeneration technology. They employ ...

Radcliffe, Robert R.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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101

Development and evaluation of probability density functions for a set of human exposure factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to describe efforts carried out during 1998 and 1999 at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory to assist the U.S. EPA in developing and ranking the robustness of a set of default probability distributions for exposure assessment factors. Among the current needs of the exposure-assessment community is the need to provide data for linking exposure, dose, and health information in ways that improve environmental surveillance, improve predictive models, and enhance risk assessment and risk management (NAS, 1994). The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Emergency and Remedial Response (OERR) plays a lead role in developing national guidance and planning future activities that support the EPA Superfund Program. OERR is in the process of updating its 1989 Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund (RAGS) as part of the EPA Superfund reform activities. Volume III of RAGS, when completed in 1999 will provide guidance for conducting probabilistic risk assessments. This revised document will contain technical information including probability density functions (PDFs) and methods used to develop and evaluate these PDFs. The PDFs provided in this EPA document are limited to those relating to exposure factors.

Maddalena, R.L.; McKone, T.E.; Bodnar, A.; Jacobson, J.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

BEHAVIOR PREDICTION FOR DECISION AND CONTROL IN COGNITIVE AUTONOMOUS SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BEHAVIOR PREDICTION FOR DECISION AND CONTROL IN COGNITIVE AUTONOMOUS SYSTEMS ASOK RAY*, SHASHI for decision and control in cognitive autonomous systems. The objective is to coordinate human­machine collaboration such that human operators can assess and enable autonomous systems to utilize their experi- ential

Ray, Asok

103

Effects of Adenovirus-Mediated Delivery of the Human Hepatocyte Growth Factor Gene in Experimental Radiation-Induced Heart Disease  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Irradiation to the heart may lead to late cardiovascular complications. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether adenovirus-mediated delivery of the human hepatocyte growth factor gene could reduce post-irradiation damage of the rat heart and improve heart function. Methods and Materials: Twenty rats received single-dose irradiation of 20 Gy gamma ray locally to the heart and were randomized into two groups. Two weeks after irradiation, these two groups of rats received Ad-HGF or mock adenovirus vector intramyocardial injection, respectively. Another 10 rats served as sham-irradiated controls. At post-irradiation Day 120, myocardial perfusion was tested by myocardial contrast echocardiography with contrast agent injected intravenously. At post-irradiation Day 180, cardiac function was assessed using the Langendorff technique with an isolated working heart model, after which heart samples were collected for histological evaluation. Results: Myocardial blood flow was significantly improved in HGF-treated animals as measured by myocardial contrast echocardiography at post-irradiation Day 120 . At post-irradiation Day 180, cardiac function was significantly improved in the HGF group compared with mock vector group, as measured by left ventricular peak systolic pressure (58.80 +- 9.01 vs. 41.94 +- 6.65 mm Hg, p < 0.05), the maximum dP/dt (5634 +- 1303 vs. 1667 +- 304 mm Hg/s, p < 0.01), and the minimum dP/dt (3477 +- 1084 vs. 1566 +- 499 mm Hg/s, p < 0.05). Picrosirius red staining analysis also revealed a significant reduction of fibrosis in the HGF group. Conclusion: Based on the study findings, hepatocyte growth factor gene transfer can attenuate radiation-induced cardiac injury and can preserve cardiac function.

Hu Shunying; Chen Yundai [Department of Cardiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing (China); Li Libing [Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing (China); Chen Jinlong; Wu Bin [Department of Experimental Hematology, Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, Beijing (China); Zhou, Xiao; Zhi Guang [Department of Cardiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing (China); Li Qingfang; Wang Rongliang; Duan Haifeng; Guo Zikuan; Yang Yuefeng; Xiao Fengjun [Department of Experimental Hematology, Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, Beijing (China); Wang Hua, E-mail: wanghua@nic.bmi.ac.c [Department of Experimental Hematology, Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, Beijing (China); Wang Lisheng [Department of Experimental Hematology, Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, Beijing (China)

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Rice Quality Factors: Implications For Management Decisions.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. These records accounted for 24, 26, and 27 percent, respectively, of Texas production during the years surveyed. The markets are located at Alvin, Danbury, Bay City, EI Campo, and Ganado. Data were available from two other markets but were not used because.... Yet this market had a much lower percentage of grades 1 and 2 than the other markets (Tables B.14-B.18). Overall, quality averaged about one grade lower at Alvin compared with quality at Bay City, Ganado, and EI Campo markets. Nearness...

Grant, Warren R.; Rister, Edward, M.; Brorsen, B. Wade

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Nuclear Factor-KB Dimer Exchange Promotes a p21waf1/cip1 Superinduction Response in Human T Leukemic Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Factor-KB Dimer Exchange Promotes a p21waf1/cip1 Superinduction Response in Human ability to induce p21waf1/cip1 . Here, we provide evidence that sequential NF-KB-activating signals induce heightened NF-KB DNA binding and p21waf1/cip1 induction in CEM and additional T leukemic cell lines

Miyamoto, Shigeki

106

Examining Decision-Making Regarding Environmental Information  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Eight participants were asked to view a computer-based multimedia presentation on an environmental phenomenon. Participants were asked to play a role as a senior aide to a national legislator. In this role, they were told that the legislator had asked them to review a multimedia presentation regarding the hypoxic zone phenomenon in the Gulf of Mexico. Their task in assuming the role of a senior aide was to decide how important a problem this issue was to the United States as a whole, and the proportion of the legislators research budget that should be devoted to study of the problem. The presentation was divided into 7 segments, each containing some new information not contained in the previous segments. After viewing each segment, participants were asked to indicate how close they were to making a decision and how certain they were that their current opinion would be their final decision. After indicating their current state of decision-making, participants were interviewed regarding the factors affecting their decision-making. Of interest was the process by which participants moved toward a decision. This experiment revealed a number of possible directions for future research. There appeared to be two approaches to decision-making: Some decision-makers moved steadily toward a decision, and occasionally reversed decisions after viewing information, while others abruptly reached a decision after a certain time period spent reviewing the information. Although the difference in estimates of distance to decisions did not differ statistically for these two groups, that difference was reflected in the participants estimates of confidence that their current opinion would be their final decision. The interviews revealed that the primary difference between these two groups was in their trade-offs between willingness to spend time in information search and the acquisition of new information. Participants who were less confident about their final decision, tended to be the same group of participants who moved slowly toward a decision. These participants also tended to indicate that acquisition of information was more critical than the amount of time spent on the information search. The second group tended to form a set of specific questions for which they desired specific answers. This group was more likely to demonstrate a significant reduction in their distance to a decision much earlier than the first group. In addition, this group tended to be very confident of their final decision and indicated that time spent in information search was more critical than obtaining new information. They indicated that the value of information obtained must remain high to justify the extensive time spent in information search.

Marble, Julie Lynne; Medema, Heather Dawne; Hill, Susan Gardiner

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

First Evaluation of the Biologic Effectiveness Factors of Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) in a Human Colon Carcinoma Cell Line  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: DNA lesions produced by boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) and those produced by gamma radiation in a colon carcinoma cell line were analyzed. We have also derived the relative biologic effectiveness factor (RBE) of the neutron beam of the RA-3- Argentine nuclear reactor, and the compound biologic effectiveness (CBE) values for p-boronophenylalanine ({sup 10}BPA) and for 2,4-bis ({alpha},{beta}-dihydroxyethyl)-deutero-porphyrin IX ({sup 10}BOPP). Methods and Materials: Exponentially growing human colon carcinoma cells (ARO81-1) were distributed into the following groups: (1) BPA (10 ppm {sup 10}B) + neutrons, (2) BOPP (10 ppm {sup 10}B) + neutrons, (3) neutrons alone, and (4) gamma rays ({sup 60}Co source at 1 Gy/min dose-rate). Different irradiation times were used to obtain total absorbed doses between 0.3 and 5 Gy ({+-}10%) (thermal neutrons flux = 7.5 10{sup 9} n/cm{sup 2} sec). Results: The frequency of micronucleated binucleated cells and the number of micronuclei per micronucleated binucleated cells showed a dose-dependent increase until approximately 2 Gy. The response to gamma rays was significantly lower than the response to the other treatments (p < 0.05). The irradiations with neutrons alone and neutrons + BOPP showed curves that did not differ significantly from, and showed less DNA damage than, irradiation with neutrons + BPA. A decrease in the surviving fraction measured by 3-(4,5-dimetiltiazol-2-il)-2,5-difeniltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay as a function of the absorbed dose was observed for all the treatments. The RBE and CBE factors calculated from cytokinesis block micronucleus (CBMN) and MTT assays were, respectively, the following: beam RBE: 4.4 {+-} 1.1 and 2.4 {+-} 0.6; CBE for BOPP: 8.0 {+-} 2.2 and 2.0 {+-} 1; CBE for BPA: 19.6 {+-} 3.7 and 3.5 {+-} 1.3. Conclusions: BNCT and gamma irradiations showed different genotoxic patterns. To our knowledge, these values represent the first experimental ones obtained for the RA-3 in a biologic model and could be useful for future experimental studies for the application of BNCT to colon carcinoma.

Dagrosa, Maria Alejandra, E-mail: dagrosa@cnea.gov.a [Department of Radiobiology, National Atomic Energy Commission, Buenos Aires (Argentina); National Research Council (Argentina); Crivello, Martin [Department of Radiobiology, National Atomic Energy Commission, Buenos Aires(Argentina); Perona, Marina [Department of Radiobiology, National Atomic Energy Commission, Buenos Aires (Argentina); National Research Council (Argentina); Thorp, Silvia; Santa Cruz, Gustavo Alberto [Department of Instrumentation and Control, National Atomic Energy Commission, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Pozzi, Emiliano [Argentina Reactor, National Atomic Energy Commission, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Casal, Mariana [Institute of Oncology 'Angel H. Roffo', University of Buenos Aires (Argentina); Thomasz, Lisa; Cabrini, Romulo [Department of Radiobiology, National Atomic Energy Commission, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Kahl, Steven [Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California, San Francisco, CA (United States); Juvenal, Guillermo Juan [Department of Radiobiology, National Atomic Energy Commission, Buenos Aires (Argentina); National Research Council (Argentina); Pisarev, Mario Alberto [Department of Radiobiology, National Atomic Energy Commission, Buenos Aires (Argentina); National Research Council (Argentina); Department of Human Biochemistry, School of Medicine, University of Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

A Novel mouse model of enhanced proteostasis: Full-length human heat shock factor 1 transgenic mice  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research highlights: {yields} Development of mouse overexpressing native human HSF1 in all tissues including CNS. {yields} HSF1 overexpression enhances heat shock response at whole-animal and cellular level. {yields} HSF1 overexpression protects from polyglutamine toxicity and favors aggresomes. {yields} HSF1 overexpression enhances proteostasis at the whole-animal and cellular level. -- Abstract: The heat shock response (HSR) is controlled by the master transcriptional regulator heat shock factor 1 (HSF1). HSF1 maintains proteostasis and resistance to stress through production of heat shock proteins (HSPs). No transgenic model exists that overexpresses HSF1 in tissues of the central nervous system (CNS). We generated a transgenic mouse overexpressing full-length non-mutant HSF1 and observed a 2-4-fold increase in HSF1 mRNA and protein expression in all tissues studied of HSF1 transgenic (HSF1{sup +/0}) mice compared to wild type (WT) littermates, including several regions of the CNS. Basal expression of HSP70 and 90 showed only mild tissue-specific changes; however, in response to forced exercise, the skeletal muscle HSR was more elevated in HSF1{sup +/0} mice compared to WT littermates and in fibroblasts following heat shock, as indicated by levels of inducible HSP70 mRNA and protein. HSF1{sup +/0} cells elicited a significantly more robust HSR in response to expression of the 82 repeat polyglutamine-YFP fusion construct (Q82YFP) and maintained proteasome-dependent processing of Q82YFP compared to WT fibroblasts. Overexpression of HSF1 was associated with fewer, but larger Q82YFP aggregates resembling aggresomes in HSF1{sup +/0} cells, and increased viability. Therefore, our data demonstrate that tissues and cells from mice overexpressing full-length non-mutant HSF1 exhibit enhanced proteostasis.

Pierce, Anson, E-mail: piercea2@uthscsa.edu [Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, 78229 (United States) [Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, 78229 (United States); Barshop Institute for Longevity and Aging Studies, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, 78229 (United States); The Department of Veteran's Affairs, South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio, Texas, 78284 (United States); Wei, Rochelle; Halade, Dipti [Barshop Institute for Longevity and Aging Studies, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, 78229 (United States)] [Barshop Institute for Longevity and Aging Studies, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, 78229 (United States); Yoo, Si-Eun [Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, 78229 (United States) [Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, 78229 (United States); Barshop Institute for Longevity and Aging Studies, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, 78229 (United States); Ran, Qitao; Richardson, Arlan [Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, 78229 (United States) [Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, 78229 (United States); Barshop Institute for Longevity and Aging Studies, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, 78229 (United States); The Department of Veteran's Affairs, South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio, Texas, 78284 (United States)

2010-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

109

8/27/2014 Human Factors and Ergonomics Society: WhyAren't Product Designers Considering ActivityTrackers for Older Adults? https://www.hfes.org//Web/DetailNews.aspx?ID=340 1/2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

8/27/2014 Human Factors and Ergonomics Society: WhyAren't Product Designers Considering Activity benefits, product designers rarely consider those over 65 to be a viable user group, and new human factors/ergonomics and Ergonomics in Health Care in April, authors Preusse, Tracy Mitzner, Cara Fausset, and Wendy Rogers designed

110

2008 Records of Decision  

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111

2006 Records of Decision  

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112

2007 Records of Decision  

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113

2002 Records of Decision  

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114

2003 Records of Decision  

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115

1995 Records of Decision  

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116

1996 Records of Decision  

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117

2005 Records of Decision  

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118

2012 Records of Decision  

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119

1997 Records of Decision  

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120

2010 Records of Decision  

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0-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

2013 Records of Decision  

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122

2001 Records of Decision  

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123

2009 Records of Decision  

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124

1999 Records of Decision  

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125

2004 Records of Decision  

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126

2011 Records of Decision  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

127

Human Factors Guidance for Control Room and Digital Human-System Interface Design and Modification, Guidelines for Planning, Specification, Design, Licensing, Implementation, Training, Operation and Maintenance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear plant operators face a significant challenge designing and modifying control rooms. This report provides guidance on planning, designing, implementing and operating modernized control rooms and digital human-system interfaces.

R. Fink, D. Hill, J. O'Hara

2004-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

128

Simulation Supported Decision Making  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S. Navy Nuclear Program · Decades of dynamic operations of hundreds of nuclear power plants withoutSimulation Supported Decision Making Gene Allen Naval Surface Warfare Center Carderock Division SI: TO PASS ON WHAT I KNOW on SIMULATION · CAREER FOCUS: HOW TO USE COMPUTERS TO DO HELP MAKE BETTER DECISIONS

129

Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making: An Overview and Future Course  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making: An Overview and Future Course Mica R. Endsley SA Technologies Robert Hoffman Institute for Human-Machine Cognition David Kaber North Carolina State University Emilie Roth Roth Cognitive Engineering ABSTRACT: The field of cognitive engineering and decision making

Kaber, David B.

130

Automation and Accountability in Decision Support System Interface Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When the human element is introduced into decision support system design, entirely new layers of social and ethical issues emerge but are not always recognized as such. This paper discusses those ethical and social impact ...

Cummings, M. L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Distribution of polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides in human breast milk from various locations in Tunisia: Levels of contamination, influencing factors, and infant risk assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The concentrations of dichlorodiphenytrichloroethane and its metabolites (DDTs), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), hexachlorocyclohexane isomers (HCHs), dieldrin, and 20 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were determined in 237 human breast milk samples collected from 12 locations in Tunisia. Gas chromatography with electron capture detector (GC-ECD) was used to identify and quantify residue levels on a lipid basis of organochlorine compounds (OCs). The predominant OCs in human breast milk were PCBs, p,p'-DDE, p,p'-DDT, HCHs, and HCB. Concentrations of DDTs in human breast milk from rural areas were significantly higher than those from urban locations (p<0.05). With regard to PCBs, we observed the predominance of mid-chlorinated congeners due to the presence of PCBs with high K{sub ow} such as PCB 153, 138, and 180. Positive correlations were found between concentrations of OCs in human breast milk and age of mothers and number of parities, suggesting the influence of such factors on OC burdens in lactating mothers. The comparison of daily intakes of PCBs, DDTs, HCHs, and HCB to infants through human breast milk with guidelines proposed by WHO and Health Canada shows that some individuals accumulated OCs in breast milk close to or higher than these guidelines.

Ennaceur, S. [Laboratory of Environmental Analytical Chemistry (05/UR/12-03), Faculty of Sciences, Bizerte, 7021 Zarzouna (Tunisia)], E-mail: ennaceurs@yahoo.fr; Gandoura, N. [Service of Pediatrics, Regional Hospital of Bizerte, Bizerte (Tunisia); Driss, M.R. [Laboratory of Environmental Analytical Chemistry (05/UR/12-03), Faculty of Sciences, Bizerte, 7021 Zarzouna (Tunisia)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

132

Human-machine interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Digital technology utilizing a cognitive model based on human naturalistic decision-making processes, including pattern recognition and episodic memory, can reduce the dependency of human-machine interactions on the abilities of a human user and can enable a machine to more closely emulate human-like responses. Such a cognitive model can enable digital technology to use cognitive capacities fundamental to human-like communication and cooperation to interact with humans.

Forsythe, J. Chris (Sandia Park, NM); Xavier, Patrick G. (Albuquerque, NM); Abbott, Robert G. (Albuquerque, NM); Brannon, Nathan G. (Albuquerque, NM); Bernard, Michael L. (Tijeras, NM); Speed, Ann E. (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

133

Computer-Aided Decision Support  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

intelligence technology to help teams achieve remarkable group collaboration and enhance organizational brainstorming and decision-making. The electronic decision analysis...

134

UNDERSTANDING HOME RENOVATION DECISIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNDERSTANDING HOME RENOVATION DECISIONS - A Research Project - Background to Our Research Energy to renovate their homes. We're interested in energy efficiency, but in all other efficient renova/ons can lower energy bills, improve comfort by reducing dra

Watson, Andrew

135

Essays in decision making  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis explores the impact of individual decision making on the functioning of firms and markets. The first chapter examines how deviations from strict rationality by individuals impact the market for consumer goods. ...

Chang, Tom Y., 1976-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

LCdr. Michael Shumberger, USN (ret), Dr. Andrew Duchowski, and Mr. Kevin Charlow Human Factors Engineering in Command, Control &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

implementing the Usability Engineering Life-Cycle (UELC) [Mayhew] for software development at SSC-C. Human improvement. This paper discusses implementing the Usability Engineering Life- Cycle (UELC) [Mayhew] for C2I that the optimal approach to developing quality, cost effective system support is through use of rigorous

Duchowski, Andrew T.

137

USEtox - The UNEP-SETAC toxicity model: recommended characterisation factors for human toxicity and freshwater ecotoxicity in Life Cycle Impact Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Background, Aim and Scope. In 2005 a comprehensive comparison of LCIA toxicity characterisation models was initiated by the UNEP-SETAC Life Cycle Initiative, directly involving the model developers of CalTOX, IMPACT 2002, USES-LCA, BETR, EDIP, WATSON, and EcoSense. In this paper we describe this model-comparison process and its results--in particular the scientific consensus model developed by the model developers. The main objectives of this effort were (i) to identify specific sources of differences between the models' results and structure, (ii) to detect the indispensable model components, and (iii) to build a scientific consensus model from them, representing recommended practice. Methods. A chemical test set of 45 organics covering a wide range of property combinations was selected for this purpose. All models used this set. In three workshops, the model comparison participants identified key fate, exposure and effect issues via comparison of the final characterisation factors and selected intermediate outputs for fate, human exposure and toxic effects for the test set applied to all models. Results. Through this process, we were able to reduce inter-model variation from an initial range of up to 13 orders of magnitude down to no more than 2 orders of magnitude for any substance. This led to the development of USEtox, a scientific consensus model that contains only the most influential model elements. These were, for example, process formulations accounting for intermittent rain, defining a closed or open system environment, or nesting an urban box in a continental box. Discussion. The precision of the new characterisation factors (CFs) is within a factor of 100-1000 for human health and 10-100 for freshwater ecotoxicity of all other models compared to 12 orders of magnitude variation between the CFs of each model respectively. The achieved reduction of inter-model variability by up to 11 orders of magnitude is a significant improvement.Conclusions. USEtox provides a parsimonious and transparent tool for human health and ecosystem CF estimates. Based on a referenced database, it has now been used to calculate CFs for several thousand substances and forms the basis of the recommendations from UNEP-SETAC's Life Cycle Initiative regarding characterization of toxic impacts in Life Cycle Assessment. Recommendations and Perspectives. We provide both recommended and interim (not recommended and to be used with caution) characterisation factors for human health and freshwater ecotoxicity impacts. After a process of consensus building among stakeholders on a broad scale as well as several improvements regarding a wider and easier applicability of the model, USEtox will become available to practitioners for the calculation of further CFs.

Rosenbaum, Ralph K.; Bachmann, Till M.; Swirsky Gold, Lois; Huijbregts, Mark A.J.; Jolliet, Olivier; Juraske, Ronnie; Koehler, Annette; Larsen, Henrik F.; MacLeod, Matthew; Margni, Manuele; McKone, Thomas E.; Payet, Jerome; Schuhmacher, Marta; van de Meent, Dik; Hauschild, Michael Z.

2008-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

138

To understand the cognitive processes involved with probability judgment, decision making, and choice, to explore the implications these processes for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and choice, to explore the implications these processes for understanding real-world decision makingObjective To understand the cognitive processes involved with probability judgment, decision making at understanding the cognitive processes underlying diagnostic hypothesis generation and human judgment

Dougherty, Michael

139

Evidence-based Decision Making: Influences on Central-Office Administrators' Decision-Making Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this quantitative non-experimental study was to identify the evidence-based decision-making practices of central office administrators (n = 268) and the factors that influence them. Based on the findings in the literature, a survey was developed to collect data...

Haecker, Bonnie Minnia

2013-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

140

Fan Energy Savings Decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Axial fans are used for thousands of industrial applications consuming millions of kilowatts daily. The decision that saves dollars is to either automatically change fan speed or change blade pitch to save up to 50 percent of consumed power over a...

Monroe, R. C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Neurotensin-induced Erk1/2 phosphorylation and growth of human colonic cancer cells are independent from growth factors receptors activation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: {yields} We compare intracellular pathways of NT and EGF in HT29 cells. {yields} NT does not transactivate EGFR. {yields} Transactivation of EGFR is not a general rule in cancer cell growth. -- Abstract: Neurotensin (NT) promotes the proliferation of human colonic cancer cells by undefined mechanisms. We already demonstrated that, in the human colon adenocarcinoma cell line HT29, the effects of NT were mediated by a complex formed between the NT receptor-1 (NTSR1) and-3 (NTSR3). Here we examined cellular mechanisms that led to NT-induced MAP kinase phosphorylation and growth factors receptors transactivation in colonic cancer cells and proliferation in HT29 cells. With the aim to identify upstream signaling involved in NT-elicited MAP kinase activation, we found that the stimulatory effects of the peptide were totally independent from the activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) both in the HT29 and the HCT116 cells. NT was unable to promote phosphorylation of EGFR and to compete with EGF for its binding to the receptor. Pharmacological approaches allowed us to differentiate EGF and NT signaling in HT29 cells since only NT activation of Erk1/2 was shown to be sensitive to PKC inhibitors and since only NT increased the intracellular level of calcium. We also observed that NT was not able to transactivate Insulin-like growth factor receptor. Our findings indicate that, in the HT29 and HCT116 cell lines, NT stimulates MAP kinase phosphorylation and cell growth by a pathway which does not involve EGF system but rather NT receptors which transduce their own intracellular effectors. These results indicate that depending on the cell line used, blocking EGFR is not the general rule to inhibit NT-induced cancer cell proliferation.

Massa, Fabienne; Tormo, Aurelie; Beraud-Dufour, Sophie; Coppola, Thierry [Institut de Pharmacologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, CNRS UMR 6097, 660 route des Lucioles, 06560 Valbonne (France)] [Institut de Pharmacologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, CNRS UMR 6097, 660 route des Lucioles, 06560 Valbonne (France); Mazella, Jean, E-mail: mazella@ipmc.cnrs.fr [Institut de Pharmacologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, CNRS UMR 6097, 660 route des Lucioles, 06560 Valbonne (France)] [Institut de Pharmacologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, CNRS UMR 6097, 660 route des Lucioles, 06560 Valbonne (France)

2011-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

142

Enabling effective product launch decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The present work looks into the question of optimizing the performance of product launch decisions-in particular, the decisions of product development duration and manufacturing ramp-up. It presents an innovative model for ...

Akamphon, Sappinandana

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Record of Decision for Amchitka Surface Closure, Alaska  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Record of Decision has been prepared to document the remedial actions taken on Amchitka Island to stabilize contaminants associated with drilling mud pits generated as a result of nuclear testing operations conducted on the island. This document has been prepared in accordance with the recommended outline in the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation guidance on decision documentation under the Site Cleanup Rules (18 AAC 75.325-18 AAC 75.390) (ADEC 1999). It also describes the decision-making process used to establish the remedial action plans and defines the associated human health and ecological risks for the remediation.

None

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

IBRD Operational Decision Framework  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The IBRD Operational Decision Framework in this document is an expansion of an emerging general risk management framework under development by an interagency working group. It provides the level of detail necessary to develop a general Consequence Management Guidance Document for biological contamination remediation and restoration. It is the intent of this document to support both wide area and individual site remediation and restoration activities. This product was initiated as a portion of the IBRD Task 1 Systems Analysis to aid in identification of wide area remediation and restoration shortcomings and gaps. The draft interagency general risk management framework was used as the basis for the analysis. The initial Task 1 analysis document expanded the draft interagency framework to a higher level of resolution, building on both the logic structure and the accompanying text explanations. It was then employed in a qualitative manner to identify responsible agencies, data requirements, tool requirements, and current capabilities for each decision and task. This resulted in identifying shortcomings and gaps needing resolution. Several meetings of a joint LLNL/SNL working group reviewed and approved the initial content of this analysis. At the conclusion of Task 1, work continued on the expanded framework to generate this Operational Decision Framework which is consistent with the existing interagency general risk management framework. A large LLNL task group met repeatedly over a three-month period to develop the expanded framework, coordinate the framework with the biological remediation checklist, and synchronize the logic with the Consequence Management Plan table of contents. The expanded framework was briefed at a large table top exercise reviewing the interagency risk management framework. This exercise had representation from major US metropolitan areas as well as national agencies. This product received positive comments from the participants. Upon completion of the Operational Decision Framework, another joint LLNL/SNL working group conducted a day-long review. Identified modifications were made to the document, resulting in the included product.

Greenwalt, R; Hibbard, W; Raber, E; Carlsen, T; Folks, K; MacQueen, D; Mancieri, S; Bunt, T; Richards, J; Hirabayashi-Dethier, J

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

145

Implementing Motor Decision Plans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Implementing Motor Decision Plans R. Neal Elliott, Ph.D., P.E., Senior Associate American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE), Washington, DC Abstract The first step to reducing energy costs and increasing reliability in motors... when a motor fails and must either be replaced or repaired. This is represented visually in Figure 1. When purchasing a motor for a new application, time is usually available to consider various options. However, once a motor has failed...

Elliott, R. N.

146

Decision Support and Risk Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and emergency management officials during the planning, incident management preparedness, and response phasesDecision Support and Risk Management CVMDM: Community Vaccination and Mass Dispensing Model What and the performance of prophylaxis supply logistics and PODs. Decision and Information Sciences Division Decision

147

A human factors approach towards the design of a new glovebox glove for Los Alamos National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Present day glovebox gloves at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) are underdeveloped and ergonomically inaccurate. This problem results in numerous sprain and strain injuries every year for employees who perform glovebox work. In addition to injuries, using the current glovebox glove design also contributes to breaches and contamination. The current glove used today at LANL has several problems: (1) The length of the fingers is incorrect, (2) the web spacing between the fingers is nonexistent, (3) the angles between each digit on the finger are incorrect, (4) the thumb is placed inaccurately, and (5) the length of the hand is incorrect. These problems present a need to correct the current glove design to decrease the risk of injuries, breaches, and contamination. Anthropometrics were researched to help find the best range of hand measurements to fix the current glove design. Anthropometrics is the measure of the human physical variation. Anthropometrics for this study were gathered from the American National Survey (ANSUR) data that was conducted by the U.S Army in 1988. The current glovebox glove uses anthropometrics from the 95th to 105th percentile range which is too large so the new gloves are going to implement data from a smaller range of percentile groups. The 105th percentile range represents measurements that exceed the human population but are needed to fit certain circumstance such as wearing several under gloves within the glovebox gloves. Anthropometrics used in this study include: 105th percentile measurements for joint circumference which was unchanged because the room for under gloves plus ease of hand insertion and extraction is needed, 80th percentile measurements for crotch length to allow workers to reach the web spacing in the glove, 20th percentile measurements for finger length to allow workers to reach the end of the glove, standard 10.5cm hand breadth to allow more room to accommodate under gloves, 45 degrees abduction angle for the thumb for better positioning, 45 degrees extension angle for the thumb for better positioning, and various angles for the other fingers to allow a more relaxed and natural fit. 3D modeling was used to implement the anthropometric data listed above onto an existing scanned solid model of a human hand. SolidWorks 2010 3-D modeling package was utilized to manipulate the hand model to represent the anthropometric data researched. The anthropometrics and modifications were reviewed by the University of New Mexico Department of Orthopedics hand surgeons. After all modifications and reviews were completed the model was printed out using stereolithography. The printed out model of the hand was used as a mold to create a prototype glovebox glove. The new mold was taken to Piercan USA to produce a 20mil Polyurethane/Hypalon glovebox glove. The Minnesota Dexterity test and Purdue Pegboard test were used to measure the dexterity of the prototype glovebox glove against a current 15 mil Hypalon LANL glovebox glove. Using the data from the tests a student t test was used to determine if there was a significant difference between the current hypalon glove results and the new prototype glove results. With a 95% confidence level the prototype showed to have a significantly lower mean difference from the current hypalon glovebox glove with the Minnesota Dexterity test. With a 95% confidence level the prototype showed to have a significantly higher mean difference from the current hypalon glovebox glove with the Purdue Pegboard test. A p value method was also performed to confirm the results of the student t test. A survey was also given to glovebox workers to determine if they preferred the new design. The best reaction from glovebox workers was the new thumb position, 73.2% of the sample population agreed with the new thumb position. Developing a new glovebox glove will improve the ergonomics of the hand for work performed, decrease exposure time, decreasing risk of breaching, increasing productivity, reducing injuries, and improving work performance. In the future the new glovebox

Oka, Jude M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

148

Training Adaptive Decision-Making.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Adaptive Thinking has been defined here as the capacity to recognize when a course of action that may have previously been effective is no longer effective and there is need to adjust strategy. Research was undertaken with human test subjects to identify the factors that contribute to adaptive thinking. It was discovered that those most effective in settings that call for adaptive thinking tend to possess a superior capacity to quickly and effectively generate possible courses of action, as measured using the Category Generation test. Software developed for this research has been applied to develop capabilities enabling analysts to identify crucial factors that are predictive of outcomes in fore-on-force simulation exercises.

Abbott, Robert G.; Forsythe, James C.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Decision Summaries | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Appliances & Electronics Search link to facebook link to twitter Email Signup Sign up for updates Go Search form Search Appliances & Electronics You are here Home Decision...

150

Latent effects decision analysis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Latent effects on a system are broken down into components ranging from those far removed in time from the system under study (latent) to those which closely effect changes in the system. Each component is provided with weighted inputs either by a user or from outputs of other components. A non-linear mathematical process known as `soft aggregation` is performed on the inputs to each component to provide information relating to the component. This information is combined in decreasing order of latency to the system to provide a quantifiable measure of an attribute of a system (e.g., safety) or to test hypotheses (e.g., for forensic deduction or decisions about various system design options).

Cooper, J. Arlin (Albuquerque, NM); Werner, Paul W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2004-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

151

HUMAN RESOURCES SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The position is responsible for developing test scenarios, responding to system problems by investigating regarding the design of testing scenarios and scripts and how to evaluate outcomes. Makes decisions1 HUMAN RESOURCES SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY TEMPORARY ADMINISTRATIVE & PROFESSIONAL STAFF POSITION

152

iRESM INITIATIVE UNDERSTANDING DECISION SUPPORT NEEDS FOR CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION --US Midwest Region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The impacts of climate change are already affecting human and environmental systems worldwide, yet many uncertainties persist in the prediction of future climate changes and impacts due to limitations in scientific understanding of relevant causal factors. In particular, there is mounting urgency to efforts to improve models of human and environmental systems at the regional scale, and to integrate climate, ecosystem and energy-economic models to support policy, investment, and risk management decisions related to climate change mitigation (i.e., reducing greenhouse gas emissions) and adaptation (i.e., responding to climate change impacts). The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is developing a modeling framework, the integrated Regional Earth System Model (iRESM), to address regional human-environmental system interactions in response to climate change and the uncertainties therein. The framework will consist of a suite of integrated models representing regional climate change, regional climate policy, and the regional economy, with a focus on simulating the mitigation and adaptation decisions made over time in the energy, transportation, agriculture, and natural resource management sectors.

Rice, Jennie S.; Runci, Paul J.; Moss, Richard H.; Anderson, Kate L.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

MIDAS : minor incident decision analysis software  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MIDAS is the minor incident decision analysis software that acts as an advisory tool for plant decision makers and operators to analyze the available decision alternatives for resolving minor incidents. The minor incidents ...

Horng, Tze-Chieh, 1964-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Interactions between learning and decision making  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We quantify the effects of learning and decision making on each other in three parts. In the first part, we look at how knowledge about decision making can influence learning. Let the decision cost be the amount spent by ...

Tulabandhula, Theja

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

The Effects of Elite Decision Making  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

focuses on two groups of decision makers, candidates running for office and public managers, and the effect of their decisions on the electorate and organization, respectively. The dissertation explores the impact of candidates' decisions regarding...

Johansen, Morgen S.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

156

A Human-Information Interaction Perspective on Augmented Cognition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nearly a half-century ago, J.C.R. Licklider expressed a vision for man-machine symbiosis, coupling human brains and computing machines in a partnership that will think as no human brain has ever thought and process data in a way not approached by the information-handling machines we know today. Until relatively recently, this vision was largely left idle by human factors engineering (HFE) research that grew over the decades from an initial focus on design of equipment to accommodate human limitations to cognitive systems engineering research to a more recent perspective focusing on design of human-information interaction. These perspective shifts and insights have brought a degree of success to the field in design efforts aimed at enhancing human-system performance. In recent years, the research area of augmented cognition has begun to shift the focus once more not only to enhancing the interaction environment, but also the cognitive abilities of the human operators and decision makers themselves. Ambitious goals of increasing total cognitive capacity through augmented cognition technologies are still on the horizon of this research program. This paper describes a framework within which augmented cognition research may identify requirements that compensate for human information processing shortcomings and augment human potential.

Greitzer, Frank L.; Griffith, Douglas

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

157

With the support of the Advanced Decision Architectures Collaborative Technology Alliance sponsored by the U.S. Army Research Laboratory (DAAD19-01-2-0009) and the Office of Naval Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

economic decision making. Economic decision making should be modeled as a learning process, involving more in human-like behavior representation, they have rarely been used to study economic decision making decision situations, like economic settings. This chapter will demonstrate the potential of ACT-R to model

158

Decision Analysis for EGS | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Decision Analysis for EGS Decision Analysis for EGS Project objectives: DEVELOPMENT OF ANALYSIS TOOLS TO ASSESS: Uncertainties associated with exploration for EGS; Uncertainties...

159

Three essays in decision making  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation is composed of three essays about consumer judgment and decision making. In Essay 1, I develop a novel explanation for the well-known endowment effect - the tendency for owners to value goods more than ...

Weaver, Ray, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Greitzer & Andrews [Human Factors in Combat ID Workshop, May 2008] PNNL-SA-59942 Training Strategies to Mitigate Expectancy-Induced  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

collateral damage. CID is the process that human shooters or sensors go through to identify entities the trigger. Because of the background o

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Applying Human Factors and the Resident Assessment Instrument - Home Care: An Examination of Failure Modes, Causes, Effects and Recommendations in the Home Care Environment.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Several analytical techniques including use case diagrams, process flow diagrams (PFDs), hierarchical task analysis (HTA), failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA), systematic human error reduction (more)

Griffin, Melissa Corinne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Participation in crisis decision making  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that included: departmental secretaries, under secretaries, military officers, and presidential staff. Actions that these indi- viduals pursued that were classified as participation in crisis decision making included: meeting attendance, presenting policy... positions, presenting alternative courses of action, and informing other decision makers of the nature oi a crisis. The data suggest that various patterns of participation occur in different types of crises, and that actors may tend to participate more...

Marsico, Dale Joseph

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Artificial Intelligence Decision and Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Sk+3000,000) EU(decline bet) = U(S k+1000,000) not that different Bottom Line: the utility U of money Intellige Decision: What Door to Open? Artificial Intelligence ­ p.3/26 Bottom Line Clear: decision about preference by a numerical utility function U. For outcomes A, B U(A) > U(B) A B U(A) = U(B) A B Artificial

Polani, Daniel

164

Incorporating uncertainty into electric utility projections and decisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper focuses on how electric utility companies can respond in their decision making to uncertain variables. Here we take a mean- variance type of approach. The mean'' value is an expected cost, on a discounted value basis. We assume that management has risk preferences incorporating a tradeoff between the mean and variance in the utility's net income. Decisions that utilities are faced with can be classified into two types: ex ante and ex post. The ex ante decisions need to be made prior to the uncertainty being revealed and the ex post decision can be postponed until after the uncertainty is revealed. Intuitively, we can say that the ex ante decisions provide a hedge against the uncertainties and the ex post decisions allow the negative outcomes of uncertain variables to be partially mitigated, dampening the losses. An example of an ex post decision is how the system is operated i.e., unit dispatch, and in some cases switching among types of fuels, say with different sulfur contents. For example, if gas prices go up, natural gas combined cycle units are likely to be dispatched at lower capacity factors. If SO{sub 2} emission allowance prices go up, a utility may seek to switch into a lower sulfur coal. Here we assume that regulated electric utilities do have some incentive to lower revenue requirements and hence an incentive to lower the electric rates needed for the utility to break even, thereby earning a fair return on invested capital. This paper presents the general approach first, including applications to capacity expansion and system dispatch. Then a case study is presented focusing on the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments including SO{sub 2} emissions abatement and banking of allowances under uncertainty. It is concluded that the emission banking decisions should not be made in isolation but rather all the uncertainties in demand, fuel prices, technology performance etc., should be included in the uncertainty analysis affecting emission banking.

Hanson, D.A.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Incorporating uncertainty into electric utility projections and decisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper focuses on how electric utility companies can respond in their decision making to uncertain variables. Here we take a mean- variance type of approach. The ``mean`` value is an expected cost, on a discounted value basis. We assume that management has risk preferences incorporating a tradeoff between the mean and variance in the utility`s net income. Decisions that utilities are faced with can be classified into two types: ex ante and ex post. The ex ante decisions need to be made prior to the uncertainty being revealed and the ex post decision can be postponed until after the uncertainty is revealed. Intuitively, we can say that the ex ante decisions provide a hedge against the uncertainties and the ex post decisions allow the negative outcomes of uncertain variables to be partially mitigated, dampening the losses. An example of an ex post decision is how the system is operated i.e., unit dispatch, and in some cases switching among types of fuels, say with different sulfur contents. For example, if gas prices go up, natural gas combined cycle units are likely to be dispatched at lower capacity factors. If SO{sub 2} emission allowance prices go up, a utility may seek to switch into a lower sulfur coal. Here we assume that regulated electric utilities do have some incentive to lower revenue requirements and hence an incentive to lower the electric rates needed for the utility to break even, thereby earning a fair return on invested capital. This paper presents the general approach first, including applications to capacity expansion and system dispatch. Then a case study is presented focusing on the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments including SO{sub 2} emissions abatement and banking of allowances under uncertainty. It is concluded that the emission banking decisions should not be made in isolation but rather all the uncertainties in demand, fuel prices, technology performance etc., should be included in the uncertainty analysis affecting emission banking.

Hanson, D.A.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Repairing Tom Swift's electric factor analysis machine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proper use of exploratory factor analysis (EFA) requires the researcher to make a series of careful decisions. Despite attempts by Floyd and Widaman (1995), Fabrigar, Wegener, MacCallum, and Strahan (1999), and others to ...

Preacher, K. J.; MacCallum, R. C.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

IDHEAS A NEW APPROACH FOR HUMAN RELIABILITY ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a method, IDHEAS (Integrated Decision-Tree Human Event Analysis System) that has been developed jointly by the US NRC and EPRI as an improved approach to Human Reliability Analysis (HRA) that is based on an understanding of the cognitive mechanisms and performance influencing factors (PIFs) that affect operator responses. The paper describes the various elements of the method, namely the performance of a detailed cognitive task analysis that is documented in a crew response tree (CRT), and the development of the associated time-line to identify the critical tasks, i.e. those whose failure results in a human failure event (HFE), and an approach to quantification that is based on explanations of why the HFE might occur.

G. W. Parry; J.A Forester; V.N. Dang; S. M. L. Hendrickson; M. Presley; E. Lois; J. Xing

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

affect postprandial factor: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

may influence the decision Cheng, Yvonne 2011-01-01 3 Factors affecting wild turkey distribution and numbers Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: FACTORS AFFECTING...

169

Modeling and Analysis in Support of Decision Making for Technological Investment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Engineering design, resource allocation, military operations, and investment strategies share a major common trait, which is, to a large extent, independent of their different origins, specific features, and intended goals. The unifying trait is the fact that, in any of these endeavors, one has to make reasonable choices, at multiple levels of decision making, among various possible and sometimes competing prospective solutions to an important and consequential practical problem. While the specifics of the problem depend on application, context, additional constraints, etc., the ultimate--albeit imprecise--goal in all these activities is to ''optimize performance,'' which is to have maximal success/profit/return with minimal time/effort/investment. In general, the underlying system is ruled by complex and often unknown dynamics, and affected by various uncertainties, which are unknown as well; on the other hand, there are numerous levels of decision making, which result in a hierarchical structure in the decision process (tree) that is both asynchronous and non-deterministic. Usually, indifferent of the specific application, as one lowers the level of decision making, alternatives depend on fewer independent variables and models become more detailed and physics/engineering based. On the contrary, at higher levels, various components aggregate and decision making is based more on fuzzier criteria instead of readily quantifiable physics/engineering details. Moreover, decisions are strongly influenced by the educational and personal biases of the people who take them. In some instances, this may blur, if not totally obfuscate objective comparisons between various options. Therefore, a crucial point in decision-making is properly understanding and quantifying the tradeoffs, including all their future relevant consequences. Since the interaction between various choices is an intricate nonlinear process, the focus shifts from the dynamics itself to the overall performance and affordability. This is not unreasonable, since oftentimes major upgrades on some components have little impact, while minor upgrades of other components turn out to be critical. To illustrate the approach, we assume that one deals with only two levels. At the lower level, physical/engineering processes are described by continuous and/or discrete, analytic and/or computer models. These models are supposed to be deterministic (e.g. dynamics as ruled by well established physical laws), but their outcome may depend in an unpredictable way on: (i) small nonlinearities unaccounted for in the model development and/or (ii) factors that--at the specific level of modelization--may be treated as stochastic terms (weather conditions, human factors, political circumstances, fluctuations in the quality of carburant, wear and tear, etc.) To this extent, the outcomes of the model processes may be considered stochastic variables/fields with a certain probability distribution function (PDF). Upon many realizations of the model, one can get reliable information about the essential features of this PDF.

Lenhart, S

2003-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

170

Human CD34+ CD133+ Hematopoietic Stem Cells Cultured with Growth Factors Including Angptl5 Efficiently Engraft Adult NOD-SCID Il2r??/? (NSG) Mice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Increasing demand for human hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in clinical and research applications necessitates expansion of HSCs in vitro. Before these cells can be used they must be carefully evaluated to assess their ...

Drake, Adam

171

Initial Decision and Risk Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Decision and Risk Analysis capabilities will be developed for industry consideration and possible adoption within Year 1. These tools will provide a methodology for merging qualitative ranking of technology maturity and acknowledged risk contributors with quantitative metrics that drive investment decision processes. Methods and tools will be initially introduced as applications to the A650.1 case study, but modular spreadsheets and analysis routines will be offered to industry collaborators as soon as possible to stimulate user feedback and co-development opportunities.

Engel, David W.

2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

172

Risk perception & strategic decision making :general insights, a framework, and specific application to electricity generation using nuclear energy.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this report is to promote increased understanding of decision making processes and hopefully to enable improved decision making regarding high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological systems. This report brings together insights regarding risk perception and decision making across domains ranging from nuclear power technology safety, cognitive psychology, economics, science education, public policy, and neural science (to name a few). It forms them into a unique, coherent, concise framework, and list of strategies to aid in decision making. It is suggested that all decision makers, whether ordinary citizens, academics, or political leaders, ought to cultivate their abilities to separate the wheat from the chaff in these types of decision making instances. The wheat includes proper data sources and helpful human decision making heuristics; these should be sought. The chaff includes ''unhelpful biases'' that hinder proper interpretation of available data and lead people unwittingly toward inappropriate decision making ''strategies''; obviously, these should be avoided. It is further proposed that successfully accomplishing the wheat vs. chaff separation is very difficult, yet tenable. This report hopes to expose and facilitate navigation away from decision-making traps which often ensnare the unwary. Furthermore, it is emphasized that one's personal decision making biases can be examined, and tools can be provided allowing better means to generate, evaluate, and select among decision options. Many examples in this report are tailored to the energy domain (esp. nuclear power for electricity generation). The decision making framework and approach presented here are applicable to any high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological system.

Brewer, Jeffrey D.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Systems Biology Group Decision Making  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

entities (e.g., molecular, cellular, organism, ecological) #12;OHIO STATE T . H . E UNIVERSITY Systems/analysis of perception, attention, choice, learning, optimality,... #12;OHIO STATE T . H . E UNIVERSITY Group decision making, evolution and ecology Current work: Modeling/analysis of coordinated motion, foraging, choice

174

Decision Support and Risk Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Information Sciences Division Decision Support and Risk Management Group #12;A U.S. Department of Energy to analyze many failure scenarios over the past 5 years. Restore's data library of applications was developed infrastructures. A new user with as little as 4­6 hours of training can use the tool to modify an existing data

175

Decision making in the reactor control room  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the most important roles of the nuclear reactor operator is that of decision maker. This paper discusses a simple model of the decision process used by the reactor operator. Resources that must be available so that he can perform the decision process are presented. Decision aids which have been investigated at EG and G Idaho, Inc., as part of the LOFT Augmented Operator Capability Program are briefly discussed. Some general concepts of computerized decision aiding are developed, and the promises and pitfalls of such decision aids are explored. 7 refs., 1 fig.

Nelson, W.R.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 3): Naval Weapons Station, operable unit 2, Yorktown, VA, September 29, 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This decision document presents a determination that the No Further Remedial Action Decision with Institutional Controls is sufficient to protect human health and the environment for Operable Unit No. II (OU II), Site 16, the West Road Landfill and Site Screening Area (SSA) 16, the Building 402 Metal Disposal Area at the Naval Weapons Station (WPNSTA) Yorktown (Site 16/SSA 16).

NONE

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

P:\\DECISION\\0088.tba.wpd  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of a cited decision may be accessed by entering the case number of the decision in the search engine located at http:www.oha.doe.govsearch.htm. 2 A SWPF processes nuclear...

178

Optimal Decision Trees Kristin P. Bennett \\Lambda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of all the decisions in the tree concurrently. Using Global Tree Optimization (GTO), we can optimize. Decisions are constructed recursively for each of the regions. This process is repeated until the points

Varela, Carlos

179

Systems analysis of major consumer energy decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

American consumers make a number of decisions that significantly impact their energy use. Some of the most important of these decisions were identified and analyzed for the purpose of including them in a Consumer Energy ...

Sisler, Nicholas Daniel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions under Policy Uncertainty: A General analysis, and public education in global environmental change. It seeks to provide leadership;1 Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions under Policy Uncertainty: A General Equilibrium

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

|Research Focus Statistical decision theory and evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

|Research Focus Statistical decision theory and evolution Laurence T. Maloney Department recent articles by Geisler and Diehl use Bayesian statistical decision theory to model the co, an advantage that ultimately translates into `reproductive success'. The balance between predator and prey

Maloney, Laurence T.

182

Corporate decision analysis : an engineering approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore corporate decisions and their solutions under uncertainty using engineering methods. Corporate decisions tend to be complex; they are interdisciplinary and defy programmable solutions. To address these challenges, ...

Tang, Victor, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Decision Tool  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Provides an overview of the development of the Better Buildings Neighborhood Program decision tool, purpose, and scope.

184

4, 20352071, 2007 Open-GIS decision  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HESSD 4, 2035­2071, 2007 Open-GIS decision aid system for the Bistrita River Basin M. C. Trifu et System Sciences Development of an Open-GIS decision aid system for ecological and economical management, France 2035 #12;HESSD 4, 2035­2071, 2007 Open-GIS decision aid system for the Bistrita River Basin M. C

185

Human-Automation Path Planning Optimization and Decision Support  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Path planning is a problem encountered in multiple domains, including unmanned vehicle control, air traffic control, and future exploration missions to the Moon and Mars. Due to the voluminous and complex nature of the ...

Cummings, M.L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Learned Human-in-the-Loop Decision Making  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stabliization Job Shop Scheduling Motion Control Referencefrom server scheduling to air traffic control. The utilityair traffic control, power grid scheduling, FedEx, and

Basso, Brandon

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Decision Science | Argonne National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to UserProduct: CrudeOffice ofINL isSeparationsRelevant toDecision Science

188

Dominant negative and loss of function mutations of the c-kit (mast/stem cell growth factor receptor) proto-oncogene in human piebaldism  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Piebaldism is an autosomal dominant disorder of melanocyte development and is characterized by congenital white parches of skin and hair from which melanocytes are completely absent. A similar disorder of the mouse, 'dominant white spotting' (W), results from mutations of the c-kit proto-oncogene, which encodes the cellular tyrosine kinases receptor for the mast/stem cell growth factor. The authors have identified c-kit gene mutations in three patients with piebaldism. A missense substitution (Phe[r arrow]Leu) at codon 584, within the tyrosine kinases domain, is associated with a severe piebald phenotype, whereas two different frameshifts, within codons 561 and 642, are both associated with a variable and relatively mild piebald phenotype. This is consistent with a possible 'dominant negative' effect of missense c-kit polypeptides on the function of the dimeric receptor.

Spritz, R.A.; Giebel, L.B.; Holmes, S.A. (University of Wisconsin, Madison (United States))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Supply chain planning decisions under demand uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sales and operational planning that incorporates unconstrained demand forecasts has been expected to improve long term corporate profitability. Companies are considering such unconstrained demand forecasts in their decisions ...

Huang, Yanfeng Anna

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Step decision rules for multistage stochastic programming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aug 8, 2006 ... The second idea is to have each expert work with step decision rules. ... OR and Management Sciences (Supply Chain Management ). Citation:...

Julien Th ni

2006-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

191

The Impact of Delegating Decision Making to IT on the Sunk Cost Effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this research, we investigate the impact of delegating decision making to information technology (IT) on an important human decision bias - the sunk cost effect. To address our research question, we use a unique and very rich dataset provided by an auction website containing actual market transaction data for approximately 7,000 pay-per-bid auctions. We analyze direct buy decisions of auction participants who did not plan to exercise the direct buy option prior to the beginning of the auction, but who, after failing to win the auction, did buy the product directly because of their normatively irrelevant sunk investments. Not surprisingly, participants with a higher monetary investment have an increased likelihood of violating the assumption of rationality due to the sunk cost effect. Interestingly, after controlling for monetary investments, participants who delegate their decision making to IT and, consequently, have comparably lower behavioral investments (e.g., emotional attachment, effort, time) are le...

Herrmann, Philipp N; Rahman, Mohammad S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Decision making based on optical excitation transfer via near-field interactions between quantum dots  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optical near-field interactions between nanostructured matters, such as quantum dots, result in unidirectional optical excitation transfer when energy dissipation is induced. This results in versatile spatiotemporal dynamics of the optical excitation, which can be controlled by engineering the dissipation processes and exploited to realize intelligent capabilities such as solution searching and decision making. Here, we experimentally demonstrate the ability to solve a decision making problem on the basis of optical excitation transfer via near-field interactions by using colloidal quantum dots of different sizes, formed on a geometry-controlled substrate. We characterize the energy transfer behavior due to multiple control light patterns and experimentally demonstrate the ability to solve the multi-armed bandit problem. Our work makes a decisive step towards the practical design of nanophotonic systems capable of efficient decision making, one of the most important intellectual attributes of the human brain.

Naruse, Makoto, E-mail: naruse@nict.go.jp [Photonic Network Research Institute, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, 4-2-1 Nukui-kita, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8795 (Japan); Nomura, Wataru; Ohtsu, Motoichi [Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2-11-16 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Aono, Masashi [Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguru-ku, Tokyo 152-8550 (Japan); PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi-shi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Sonnefraud, Yannick; Drezet, Aurlien; Huant, Serge [Universit Grenoble Alpes, Inst. NEEL, F-38000 Grenoble (France); CNRS, Inst. NEEL, F-38042 Grenoble (France); Kim, Song-Ju [WPI Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan)

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

193

Cognitive Engineering Automation and Human  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Home automation · Robotics · Unmanned vehicles (UAVs and UGVs) · Drug design/Molecular geneticsCognitive Engineering PSYC 530 Automation and Human Performance Raja Parasuraman #12;Overview Automation-Related Accidents Levels and Stages of Automation Information Acquisition and Analysis Decision

Parasuraman, Raja

194

Human Resource Management: Employee Compensation Guide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Human Resource Management: Employee Compensation Guide Risk Management *Extension Agricultural Economist, Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service; and Extension Program Specialist III.... ?Employee Compensation and Job Satisfaction on Dairy Farms in the Northeast.? April 1999. Cornell University, RB99-02. Kansas Department of Human Resources. Kansas Wage Survey, 1996 Edition. Rosenberg, Howard. ?Labor Management Decisions.? University...

Fogleman, Sarah L.; McCorkle, Dean

2009-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

195

Stochastics and Statistics Optimal decision indices for R&D project evaluation in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the pharmaceutical industry: Pearson index versus Gittins index Michael A. Talias School of Humanities and Social and application in the pharmaceutical industry. In particular, the Pearson index and Gittins index are considered in pharmaceutical industry; Statistical decision theory 1. Introduction This paper addresses the problem

196

C H A P T E R From Experienced Utility to Decision Utility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C H A P T E R 18c0018 From Experienced Utility to Decision Utility Kent C. Berridge and John P. O'Doherty O U T L I N E Introduction 325 Experienced Utility 325 Brain Mechanisms of Sensory Pleasure: Window into Experienced Utility Generators 326 Experienced Utility: Neuroimaging Brain Activations in Humans 327 Relating

Berridge, Kent

197

Fuzzy logic techniques for Cybercars: a control and decision O. Rojas Michelena1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuzzy logic techniques for Cybercars: a control and decision approach. O. Rojas Michelena1 J. Pérez in the development of ITS applications. Keywords: Autonomous Vehicle, Fuzzy Logic Controllers, Intelligent methods for the control of autonomous vehicles [1][7][5]. Fuzzy logic translates human knowledge

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

198

Puerto Rico Disaster Decision Support Tool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Puerto Rico Disaster Decision Support Tool: An innovative step towards community resilience Support Tool Pilot Internet-based scalable mapping server Emergency management geo-referenced information for all municipalities in Puerto Rico #12;Disaster Decision Support Tool (DDST) What is a GIS

Firestone, Jeremy

199

Solving Multiagent Assignment Markov Decision Scott Proper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

681 Solving Multiagent Assignment Markov Decision Processes Scott Proper Oregon State University]. On the Cite as: Solving Multiagent Assignment Markov Decision Processes, Scott Proper and Prasad Tadepalli, Sierra and Castelfranchi (eds.), May, 10­15, 2009, Bu- dapest, Hungary, pp. XXX-XXX. Copyright c 2009

200

Reliable Distributed Computing for Decision Support Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliable Distributed Computing for Decision Support Systems Taha Osman, Andrzej Bargiela Department of application tasks on the currently avail- able computing nodes. Distributed Systems Reliability Due decision-support systems such as water distribution net- works, involving hundreds or even thousands

Bargiela, Andrzej

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Decision Support for Choice of Security  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Decision Support for Choice of Security Solution The Aspect-Oriented Risk Driven Development (AORDD decisions. (4) RDD annotation rules for security risk and security solution variable estimation. (5) The AORDD security solution trade-o analysis and trade-o tool BBN topology. (6) Rule set for how

Langseth, Helge

202

Implications for decision making: The electric utilities` perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Implications for decision making in three areas related to policy towards greenhouse gas emissions are discussed from the perspective of the electric industry. The first area addresses economic factors in the electric industry. The second concerns the interrelationship of energy, electricity and the environment, and the global climate change issue. The third addresses the global context of the issue. It is concluded that a comprehensive examination of international implications of governmental policy should be made before implementation of carbon emissions limitations, and that limiting electricity demand could negatively affect economic growth and the environment.

Fang, W.L. [Edison Electric Inst., Washington, DC (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

203

AN APPLICATION OF GAME THEORY: FUNDING INTERDEPENDENT MC and A UPGRADE DECISIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Funding Material, Control and Accountability (MC&A) system upgrades has been identified as a partial solution for mitigating the diversion threat of weapons-grade nuclear material. Effective MC&A system upgrades are dependent on appropriate decisions based on based on funding, implementation, operation and oversight. Traditional MC&A upgrade decisions inherently assumed that all decision-makers possessed similar payoff vectors allowing for a fairly consistent and unified approach to MC&A system enhancements; however, MC&A upgrade projects in non-traditional environments may be required to take into account situations where the potential payoff vectors among decision-makers may be significantly different. Once a decision-maker is required to take into account the decisions of others, the process can be modeled as a game. Game theory has been previously be used to shed light on many aspects of social and economic behavior where a payoff from a set of strategies is dependent on the strategy of others. In this paper, the application of game theory in the context of MC&A upgrades is discussed. Various MC&A upgrades decision payoff matrices for relevant circumstances are evaluated for static (simultaneous) and dynamic (sequential decisions) games. Optimal strategies and equilibrium conditions for these payoff matrices are analyzed. Additional game factors (bargaining, uncertain outcomes, moral hazards) that may affect the outcome of the game are briefly discussed. By demonstrating the application of game theory to a nontraditional environment that may require MC&A upgrades, this work increases the understanding out how outcomes are logically connected to the respective value decision-makers assign to choices.

B. G. SCOTT

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Decision making technical support study for the US Army's Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report examines the adequacy of current command and control systems designed to make timely decisions that would enable sufficient warning and protective response to an accident at the Edgewood area of Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG), Maryland, and at Pine Bluff Arsenal (PBA), Arkansas. Institutional procedures designed to facilitate rapid accident assessment, characterization, warning, notification, and response after the onset of an emergency and computer-assisted decision-making aids designed to provide salient information to on- and-off-post emergency responders are examined. The character of emergency decision making at APG and PBA, as well as potential needs for improvements to decision-making practices, procedures, and automated decision-support systems (ADSSs), are described and recommendations are offered to guide equipment acquisition and improve on- and off-post command and control relationships. We recommend that (1) a continued effort be made to integrate on- and off-post command control, and decision-making procedures to permit rapid decision making; (2) the pathways for alert and notification among on- and off-post officials be improved and that responsibilities and chain of command among off-post agencies be clarified; (3) greater attention be given to organizational and social context factors that affect the adequacy of response and the likelihood that decision-making systems will work as intended; and (4) faster improvements be made to on-post ADSSs being developed at APG and PBA, which hold considerable promise for depicting vast amounts of information. Phased development and procurement of computer-assisted decision-making tools should be undertaken to balance immediate needs against available resources and to ensure flexibility, equity among sites, and compatibility among on- and off-post systems. 112 refs., 6 tabs.

Feldman, D.L.; Dobson, J.E.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Perceptions of Human Resource Development Professionals Toward their Professional Association's Standards on Ethics and Integrity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

organizations must recognize the impact that professional context variables have on ethical decision making. The purpose of this study was to examine Human Resource Development professionals perceptions of the Academy of Human Resource Developments Standards...

Claus, Vanessa A

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

206

Enriching Sustainable Transport Decisions: Inputs from Operations Research and the Management Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to decision processes involving sustainable transportused to enrich sustainable transport decision processes andthe process of making decisions about sustainable transport

Wellar, Barry; Garrison, William

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Paternal Genetic Effects on Foraging Decision-Making Under the Risk of Predation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- cific. Less attention has been given to other factors that may affect foraging decision-making such as conversion efficiency. Conversion efficiency is a measure of an individ- ual's ability to convert food differences in conversion efficiency. Ethology Ethology 112 (2006) 963­970 ª 2006 The Authors Journal

Neff, Bryan D.

208

Reduction of Transient Particulate Matter Spikes with Decision...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Transient Particulate Matter Spikes with Decision Tree Based Control Reduction of Transient Particulate Matter Spikes with Decision Tree Based Control Using a non-parametric...

209

DOE Defends Decision to Revoke Energy Star Designation for Certain...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Decision to Revoke Energy Star Designation for Certain LG Refrigerators DOE Defends Decision to Revoke Energy Star Designation for Certain LG Refrigerators December 23, 2009 -...

210

Materials Down Select Decisions Made Within DOE's Chemical Hydrogen...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Materials Down Select Decisions Made Within DOE's Chemical Hydrogen Storage Center of Excellence Materials Down Select Decisions Made Within DOE's Chemical Hydrogen Storage Center...

211

Record of Decision for the Uranium Leasing Program Programmatic...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Record of Decision for the Uranium Leasing Program Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Record of Decision for the Uranium Leasing Program Programmatic Environmental Impact...

212

Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3 Disposition Decision Analysis and...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3 Disposition Decision Analysis and Timeline Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3 Disposition Decision Analysis and Timeline This Report to Congress provides a...

213

DOE Secretarial Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Decision Making through the Integration of Program and Project Management with National Environmental Policy Act Compliance DOE Secretarial Memorandum on Improved Decision Making...

214

Management Forecast Quality and Capital Investment Decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corporate investment decisions require managers to forecast expected future cash flows from potential investments. Although these forecasts are a critical component of successful investing, they are not directly observable ...

Goodman, Theodore H.

215

Unstructured Direct Elicitation of Decision Rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the feasibility of unstructured direct-elicitation (UDE) of decision rules consumers use to form consideration sets. With incentives to think hard and answer truthfully, tested formats ask respondents to ...

Ding, Min

216

Experiments on decision making and auctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theory (Gilboa and Schmeidler, 1995). The basic premise behind Case-Based Decision Theory (henceforth CBDT) is that a DM uses her past experience to help evaluate current choices, rather than constructing beliefs about certain states of the world...

Watson, Elizabeth Ann

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

217

Algorithmic Decision Theory and the Smart Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

professionals #12;8 Algorithmic Decision Theory ·First International Conference on ADT, Venice 2009. ·Second are borrowed from a presentation by Gil Bindewald of the Dept. of Energy to the SIAM Science Policy Committee

218

Optimization Online - Optimizing Trading Decisions for Hydro ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dec 10, 2011 ... To demonstrate the efficiency of the solution approach, we fit an econometric ... Keywords: OR in Energy, Approximate Dynamic Programming, Stochastic Programming, Markov Decision Processes ... Classification Scheme

Nils Lhndorf

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

219

Technology and public participation in environmental decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since 1970, the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) has served as the main instrument for analyzing the environmental impacts of federal agency decisions and providing the public with opportunities to participate in ...

Yao, Basilia Wang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Screening Assessment of Potential Human-Health Risk from Future Natural-Gas Drilling Near Project Rulison in Western Colorado  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Project Rulison underground nuclear test was conducted in 1969 at a depth of 8,400 ft in the Williams Fork Formation of the Piceance Basin, west-central Colorado (Figure 1). The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management (LM) is the steward of the site. Their management is guided by data collected from past site investigations and current monitoring, and by the results of calculations of expected behavior of contaminants remaining in the deep subsurface. The purpose of this screening risk assessment is to evaluate possible health risks from current and future exposure to Rulison contaminants so the information can be factored into LM's stewardship decisions. For example, these risk assessment results can inform decisions regarding institutional controls at the site and appropriate monitoring of nearby natural-gas extraction activities. Specifically, the screening risk analysis can provide guidance for setting appropriate action levels for contaminant monitoring to ensure protection of human health.

Daniels Jeffrey I.,Chapman Jenny B.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Aviation Human Factors Division Institute of Aviation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

but also market participants across the continent, since power transactions are no longer restricted as a potential enhancement of displays to illustrate power transactions in a large-scale network. The participants located and selected the buyer and the seller for a number of different transactions

222

Human Factors Aspects of Advanced Process Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-----+---l A ? FE 10\\ FLOW )>-__~II~------I B FE 202 LITERATURE CITED .1. Nuclear regulatory commission; ''1MI-2 Lessons Learned" Task Force Final Report, NUREG-0585, NTIS (Springfieid, VA), October 1978. 2. Perrow, Charles, Normal Accidents, Basic...

Shaw, J. A.

223

Aviation Human Factors Division Institute of Aviation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

first required to acknowledge all overloaded transmission lines for a given scenario and then solve not have a significant effect on acknowledgment time, a 3-D advantage was apparent for solution time). In order to aid these operators in the acknowledgement, interpretation, and application of this often

224

Nuclear Power - Control, Reliability and Human Factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Instrumentation and Control 49 H.M. Hashemian Chapter 4 Design Considerations for the Implementation of a Mobile IP Telephony System in a Nuclear Power Plant 67 J. Garc?a-Hern?ndez, J. C. Vel?zquez- Hern?ndez, C. F. Garc?a-Hern?ndez and M. A. Vallejo-Alarc?n... Reliability K s e n i i a Sapoz h n i k o v a and Roald Tayma n o v D.I.Mendeleyev Institute for Metrology, Russia 1. Introduction At present, a great number of embedded sens o r devi c es provi d e monito r i n g of operat i n g condi t io n...

225

Human Factors in Oil & Gas Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

engineering students Fast track employment opportunity with a leading FTSE-100 registered oilfield services opportunity with a leading FTSE-100 registered oilfield services provider Immediate enrolment in our fully

Shihadeh, Alan

226

Fehlermanagement System Fehlerkultur Fehlermanagement Human Factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fehlermanagement Qualittsmethode Primrnutzen Prventiv SRA Strukturierte Risikoanalyse Risikoreduzierung FMEA Identifikationsphase (S1) Definitionsphase (S2) SRA Machbarkeitsphase (S3) Entwicklungs- Design und Testphase (S4) FMEA Zulassungsphase (S5) Prozess- FMEA Produktionseinfhrungsphase (S6) Fehlermanagement-System #12;22. April 2013 11

Manstein, Dietmar J.

227

Parallel object-oriented decision tree system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A data mining decision tree system that uncovers patterns, associations, anomalies, and other statistically significant structures in data by reading and displaying data files, extracting relevant features for each of the objects, and using a method of recognizing patterns among the objects based upon object features through a decision tree that reads the data, sorts the data if necessary, determines the best manner to split the data into subsets according to some criterion, and splits the data.

Kamath; Chandrika (Dublin, CA), Cantu-Paz; Erick (Oakland, CA)

2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

228

Interoperability Checklist for Decision-Makers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In April 2007 the GridWise Architecture Council published the Introduction to Interoperability and Decision-Makers Interoperability Checklist Version 1.0 as a tool to be used by policy makers and executives making smart grid policy or investment decisions. Subsequently there has been a significant amount of additional work on smart grid interoperability by the council and others. This paper summarizes the current efforts of the council to update the checklist to incorporate this subsequent work.

Melton, Ronald B.; Ambrosio, Ron

2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

229

Summary of Decisions- July 30 August 3, 2012  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Decisions were issued on: - Freedom of Information Act Appeal - Personnel Security (10 CFR Part 710)

230

Summary of Decisions- August 5, 2013- August 9, 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Decisions were issued on: - Personnel Security (10 CFR Part 710) - Whistleblower Appeal (10 CFR Part 708)

231

RIS-M-2351 FORMALIZED SEARCH STRATEGIES FOR HUMAN RISK CONTRIBUTIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

outside this category are outlined. INIS Descriptors: FAILURE MODE ANALYSIS; HUMAN FACTORS; INDUS- TRIAL

232

Technology Decisions Under Architectural Uncertainty: Informing Investment Decisions Through Tradespace Exploration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology Decisions Under Architectural Uncertainty: Informing Investment Decisions Through§ Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 DOI: 10.2514/1.A32562 Although NASA has-term investment in the enabling technologies that will be required for these future systems. Given

de Weck, Olivier L.

233

Naturalistic Decision Making for Power System Operators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Motivation Investigations of large-scale outages in the North American interconnected electric system often attribute the causes to three Ts: Trees, Training and Tools. To document and understand the mental processes used by expert operators when making critical decisions, a naturalistic decision making (NDM) model was developed. Transcripts of conversations were analyzed to reveal and assess NDM-based performance criteria. Findings/Design An item analysis indicated that the operators Situation Awareness Levels, mental models, and mental simulations can be mapped at different points in the training scenario. This may identify improved training methods or analytical/ visualization tools. Originality/Value This study applies for the first time, the concepts of Recognition Primed Decision Making, Situation Awareness Levels and Cognitive Task Analysis to training of electric power system operators. Take away message The NDM approach provides a viable framework for systematic training management to accelerate learning in simulator-based training scenarios for power system operators and teams.

Greitzer, Frank L.; Podmore, Robin; Robinson, Marck; Ey, Pamela

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

A mid-layer model for human reliability analysis : understanding the cognitive causes of human failure events.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research (RES) at the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) is sponsoring work in response to a Staff Requirements Memorandum (SRM) directing an effort to establish a single human reliability analysis (HRA) method for the agency or guidance for the use of multiple methods. As part of this effort an attempt to develop a comprehensive HRA qualitative approach is being pursued. This paper presents a draft of the method's middle layer, a part of the qualitative analysis phase that links failure mechanisms to performance shaping factors. Starting with a Crew Response Tree (CRT) that has identified human failure events, analysts identify potential failure mechanisms using the mid-layer model. The mid-layer model presented in this paper traces the identification of the failure mechanisms using the Information-Diagnosis/Decision-Action (IDA) model and cognitive models from the psychological literature. Each failure mechanism is grouped according to a phase of IDA. Under each phase of IDA, the cognitive models help identify the relevant performance shaping factors for the failure mechanism. The use of IDA and cognitive models can be traced through fault trees, which provide a detailed complement to the CRT.

Shen, Song-Hua (US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC); Chang, James Y. H. (US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC); Boring,Ronald L. (Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID); Whaley, April M. (Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID); Lois, Erasmia (US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC); Hendrickson, Stacey M. Langfitt; Oxstrand, Johanna H. (Vattenfall Ringhals AB, Varobacka, Sweden); Forester, John Alan; Kelly, Dana L. (Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID); Mosleh, Ali (University of Maryland, College Park, MD)

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Human dimensions in cyber operations research and development priorities.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Within cyber security, the human element represents one of the greatest untapped opportunities for increasing the effectiveness of network defenses. However, there has been little research to understand the human dimension in cyber operations. To better understand the needs and priorities for research and development to address these issues, a workshop was conducted August 28-29, 2012 in Washington DC. A synthesis was developed that captured the key issues and associated research questions. Research and development needs were identified that fell into three parallel paths: (1) human factors analysis and scientific studies to establish foundational knowledge concerning factors underlying the performance of cyber defenders; (2) development of models that capture key processes that mediate interactions between defenders, users, adversaries and the public; and (3) development of a multi-purpose test environment for conducting controlled experiments that enables systems and human performance measurement. These research and development investments would transform cyber operations from an art to a science, enabling systems solutions to be engineered to address a range of situations. Organizations would be able to move beyond the current state where key decisions (e.g. personnel assignment) are made on a largely ad hoc basis to a state in which there exist institutionalized processes for assuring the right people are doing the right jobs in the right way. These developments lay the groundwork for emergence of a professional class of cyber defenders with defined roles and career progressions, with higher levels of personnel commitment and retention. Finally, the operational impact would be evident in improved performance, accompanied by a shift to a more proactive response in which defenders have the capacity to exert greater control over the cyber battlespace.

Forsythe, James Chris; Silva, Austin Ray; Stevens-Adams, Susan Marie; Bradshaw, Jeffrey [Institute for Human and Machine Cognition

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

2014 Across-Breed EPD Adjustment Factors Released When using EPDs, bulls from one breed cannot be compared to another unless an adjustment factor is used. Since 1993,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Center in Clay Center, Nebraska have released adjustment factors for growth traits and maternal Tough Decisions I have heard several questions concerning 1.) Should I sell my calves at weaning?, And 2

Florida, University of

237

Building Stakeholder Trust: Defensible Government Decisions - 13110  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Administrative decisions must be grounded in reasonable expectations, founded on sound principles, and bounded by societal norms. Without these first principles, attaining and retaining public trust is a Herculean task. Decisions made by governmental administrators must be both transparent and defensible: without the former the agency will lose the public's trust and support (possibly prompting a legal challenge to the decision) and without the latter the decision may fail to withstand judicial scrutiny. This presentation and accompanying paper delves into the process by which governmental decisions can achieve both defensibility and openness through building stakeholder trust with transparency. Achieving and maintaining stakeholder trust is crucial, especially in the environs of nuclear waste management. Proving confidence, stability, and security to the surrounding citizenry as well as those throughout the country is the goal of governmental nuclear waste remediation. Guiding administrative decision-making processes and maintaining a broad bandwidth of communication are of incalculable importance to all those charged with serving the public, but are especially essential to those whose decisional impacts will be felt for millennia. A strong, clear, and concise administrative record documenting discrete decisions and overarching policy choices is the strongest defense to a decisional challenge. However, this can be accomplished using transparency as the fundamental building block. This documentation allows the decision-makers to demonstrate the synthesis of legal and technical challenges and fortifies the ground from which challenges will be defended when necessary. Further, administrative actions which capture the public's interest and captivate that interest throughout the process will result in a better-informed, more deeply-involved, and more heavily-invested group of interested parties. Management of information, involvement, and investment on the front-end of the process reaps rewards far more efficiently than attempts to assuage and mitigate the concerns of those parties after the fact and there are a number of tools Savannah River Remediation (SRR) has deployed that render transparency an ally in this context. The makers, applicators, and beneficiaries of policies and decisions will all benefit from strong administrative records which document decisional choices in an open and transparent manner and from timely, up-front management of concerns of interested parties. The strongest defense to decisional challenges is an ability to demonstrate the basis of the decision and the reason(s) that the decision was chosen over other alternatives. Providing a sound basis for defending challenges rather than avoiding or fighting over them allows the deciding entity the greatest opportunity to produce value for its customer. Often, a transparent process that invites public participation and is open for public review and comment will thwart challenge genesis. An entity that has to devote resources to defending its choices obviously cannot utilize those resources to further its mission. (authors)

Franklin, Victor A. [Savannah River Remediation LLC, Bldg. 705-1C, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [Savannah River Remediation LLC, Bldg. 705-1C, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 5): Southside Sanitary Landfill, Indianapolis, IN, September 28, 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This decision document presents the selected remedial action for the Southside Sanitary Landfill (SSL) site, in Indianapolis, Indiana. The results of the Remedial Investigation showed the previous measures were adequate to protect human health and the environment and no unacceptable risk remains at the site. Therefore, the selected remedy for this site is a no further action. The operators of SSL have undertaken specific remedial measures in an attempt to decrease any threat of release of contaminants from the site.

NONE

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Decision Models for Bulk Energy Transportation Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-mouth generation at Powder River Basin How much impact would 25% wind penetration have on price ? 2 What is modeled spatial & temporal energy flows nodal prices (fuel & elec) SO2, allowance price1 Decision Models for Bulk Energy Transportation Networks Electrical Engineering Professor Jim Mc

Tesfatsion, Leigh

240

International Entry Decision for Design Firms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contractors TCE Transaction Cost Economics vii TABLE OF CONTENT Page ABSTRACT .......................................................................................................................ii DEDICATION... as ? Transaction Cost Economics Theory (TCE) ? International risk management ? Decision support system for international projects ? Organizational issues in global projects This research required an extensive literature review on global AEC projects as well...

Tohidi Vahdat, Amin

2013-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Combining Decision Procedures for Sorted Theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

setting, nor is it obvious that the method in fact lifts as is to logics with sorts. To bridge this gap decision procedures for logical theories arises in many areas of computer science and artificial to Nelson and Oppen [8]. This method is at the heart of the verification systems cvc [9], argo-lib [6

Tinelli, Cesare

242

Proceediigsof the 38' Conferenceon Decision & Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceediigsof the 38' Conferenceon Decision & Control Phoenix,Arizona USA December 1999 TuAO2 10 Introduction Performance optimization of stochastic discrete event zystems (e.g., queueing syst,ems- formation Systems Inc., Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corp. (WTT), Nippon Steel Information

Ishizaki, Fumio

243

Name, title of the presentation Decision Support  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-off Analysis Trade-off tool BBN topology Aggregate information as input to the trade-off tool Trust aggregation schema #12;9 Security Solution Trade-Off Analysis Risk-driven analysis Trade-off analysis best1 Name, title of the presentation Decision Support for Choice of Security Solution: The AORDD

244

Decision support tools for policy and planning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A decision support system (DSS) is being developed at the Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Facility, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The DSS will be used to evaluate alternatives for improving LANL`s existing central radioactive waste water treatment plant and to evaluate new site-wide liquid waste treatment schemes that are required in order to handle the diverse waste streams produced at LANL. The decision support system consists of interacting modules that perform the following tasks: rigorous process simulation, configuration management, performance analysis, cost analysis, risk analysis, environmental impact assessment, transportation modeling, and local, state, and federal regulation compliance checking. Uncertainty handling techniques are used with these modules and also with a decision synthesis module which combines results from the modules listed above. We believe the DSS being developed can be applied to almost any other industrial water treatment facility with little modification because in most situations the waste streams are less complex, fewer regulations apply, and the political environment is simpler. The techniques being developed are also generally applicable to policy and planning decision support systems in the chemical process industry.

Jacyk, P.; Schultz, D.; Spangenberg, L.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

DECISION MODELS FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLANNING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

widespread applications in civilian sectors, both in private companies and in the nonmilitary government. The majority of Fortune 500 companies have utilized O.R. inside to help them in their decision making, long.R. experience, created its DRAFT #12;own permanent O.R. group within the City's Office of Management and Budget

Wang, Hai

246

Implications for decision making: Government perspectives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Implications for decision making in three areas related to policy towards greenhouse gas emissions are discussed from a governmental perspective. The first area involves issues related to the apportionment of risk. The second concerns the standard to be applied in evaluated costs. The third encompasses the international equity issues raised by policies to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.

Gruenspecht, H. [Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

247

Geography: Critical Factors in the Analysis of Complex Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geography is a disciple of discovery and exploration. From earliest human endeavor until today, it remains the key to understanding human interaction with the landscape. A conceptual framework of geographic factors provides ...

Welch, Ivan

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

248

Making Weighty Decisions: Do Pre-Service Teachers Understand the Impact of Data-Driven Decisions?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that students with emotional and behavioral disabilities (EBD) are in critical need of best practice or evidence based instruction, behavioral interventions, and classroom management strategies selected and implemented with teacher use of data-based decision...

Williams, Lauren E.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

249

Sustainable Transportation Decision-Making: Spatial Decision Support Systems (SDSS) and Total Cost Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the TUT research generated diverse variables and created possible implementations of spatial decision support system (SDSS), the methodology still demands improvement. The current method has been developed to create suitable routes but is not designed...

Kim, Hwan Yong

2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

250

The human activity of visualization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Griffin et al 2006 #12;Human-Computer Interaction: Software of the Mind each user has a setThe human activity of visualization cultural and psychological factors in representation; Gibbon 1998; Marcus 2000) conventions and metaphors of Westerners may not hold worldwide colors

Wright, Dawn Jeannine

251

Feasibility of neuro-morphic computing to emulate error-conflict based decision making.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A key aspect of decision making is determining when errors or conflicts exist in information and knowing whether to continue or terminate an action. Understanding the error-conflict processing is crucial in order to emulate higher brain functions in hardware and software systems. Specific brain regions, most notably the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) are known to respond to the presence of conflicts in information by assigning a value to an action. Essentially, this conflict signal triggers strategic adjustments in cognitive control, which serve to prevent further conflict. The most probable mechanism is the ACC reports and discriminates different types of feedback, both positive and negative, that relate to different adaptations. Unique cells called spindle neurons that are primarily found in the ACC (layer Vb) are known to be responsible for cognitive dissonance (disambiguation between alternatives). Thus, the ACC through a specific set of cells likely plays a central role in the ability of humans to make difficult decisions and solve challenging problems in the midst of conflicting information. In addition to dealing with cognitive dissonance, decision making in high consequence scenarios also relies on the integration of multiple sets of information (sensory, reward, emotion, etc.). Thus, a second area of interest for this proposal lies in the corticostriatal networks that serve as an integration region for multiple cognitive inputs. In order to engineer neurological decision making processes in silicon devices, we will determine the key cells, inputs, and outputs of conflict/error detection in the ACC region. The second goal is understand in vitro models of corticostriatal networks and the impact of physical deficits on decision making, specifically in stressful scenarios with conflicting streams of data from multiple inputs. We will elucidate the mechanisms of cognitive data integration in order to implement a future corticostriatal-like network in silicon devices for improved decision processing.

Branch, Darren W.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Transportation Decision Support Systems Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transportation Decision Support Systems Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT-Battelle, LLC Passenger Flows Supply Chain Efficiency Transportation: Energy Environment Safety Security Vehicle and implementation of automated transportation decision support models for the scheduling and routing of cargo

253

Decision making on the sole basis of statistical likelihood  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a new axiomatic decision theory for choice under uncertainty. Unlike Bayesian decision theory where uncertainty is represented by a probability function, in our theory, uncertainty is given in the form ...

Giang, Phan H.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Essays on household decision making in developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation contains three essays on household decision making in the areas of education and health in developing countries. The first chapter explores intra-household decision making in the context of conditional ...

Berry, James W. (James Wesley)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

attribute decision making: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6, UPM Decision Making in MAS, March 2007 2344 12;About this lecture This course Zachmann, Gabriel 5 How brains make decisions Quantum Physics (arXiv) Summary: This chapter,...

256

applied decision making: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6, UPM Decision Making in MAS, March 2007 2344 12;About this lecture This course Zachmann, Gabriel 7 How brains make decisions Quantum Physics (arXiv) Summary: This chapter,...

257

Including model uncertainty in risk-informed decision-making  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model uncertainties can have a significant impact on decisions regarding licensing basis changes. We present a methodology to identify basic events in the risk assessment that have the potential to change the decision and ...

Reinert, Joshua M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Computer-aided decision making for Medical Device Reporting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and answer the questions'- "What to do, How, and When?" MDRSOFT, a computer-aided decision making aid for medical de ricr reporting, attempts to capture dynamic problem- solving knowledge through modeling man processed decision making in the domain...

Chen, Jih-Horn

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Informing design decisions : an approach to corporate building design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis is an investigation into design methodologies. How do we, as designers, prepare ourselves for decision making and evaluate our assumptions and decisions? The intent is to employ this information as a basis for ...

Maxwell, Marc A

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

How the Koontz Decision May Affect Climate Change Policy  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Please join us for a Sept. 10 webinar to discuss the Supreme Court's controversial decision in Koontz v. St. Johns River Water Management District and explore how the decision may affect the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A decision making framework for cruise ship design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis develops a new decision making framework for initial cruise ship design. Through review of effectiveness analysis and multi-criteria decision making, a uniform philosophy is created to articulate a framework ...

Katsoufis, George P. (George Paraskevas)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Perceptually-Driven Decision Theory for Interactive Realistic Rendering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Perceptually-Driven Decision Theory for Interactive Realistic Rendering REYNALD DUMONT, FABIO rendering at interactive rates on commodity graphics hardware. The approach uses efficient perceptual metrics within a decision theoretic framework to optimally order rendering operations, pro- ducing images

Ferwerda, James A.

263

A Decision Support System for chemical incident information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Decision Support Systems (DSS) find extensive applications in business enabling industry managers to make intelligent risk decisions. Although widely used in business applications, the application of DSS to Process Safety Management has been lacking...

Sharma, Gaurav

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Decisionmetrices : dynamic structural estimation of shipping investment decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation develops structural models for analyzing shipping investment decisions, namely ordering, scrapping and lay-up decisions in the tanker industry. We develop models, based on a microeconomic specification, ...

Dikos, George

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Decision Analysis of Dynamic Spectrum Access Rules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A current trend in spectrum regulation is to incorporate spectrum sharing through the design of spectrum access rules that support Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA). This paper develops a decision-theoretic framework for regulators to assess the impacts of different decision rules on both primary and secondary operators. We analyze access rules based on sensing and exclusion areas, which in practice can be enforced through geolocation databases. Our results show that receiver-only sensing provides insufficient protection for primary and co-existing secondary users and overall low social welfare. On the other hand, using sensing information between the transmitter and receiver of a communication link, provides dramatic increases in system performance. The performance of using these link end points is relatively close to that of using many cooperative sensing nodes associated to the same access point and large link exclusion areas. These results are useful to regulators and network developers in understanding in developing rules for future DSA regulation.

Juan D. Deaton; Luiz A. DaSilva; Christian Wernz

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Organizational Culture andOrganizational Culture and Human Factors in HealthcareHuman Factors in Healthcare  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to itsthat an organization responds to its challengeschallenges ·· Organizational learningOrganizational;Organizational LearningOrganizational Learning Carroll JS and Edmondson AC, Qual Saf Health Care, 2002 11 and candid ·· Organizational learning is promotedOrganizational learning is promoted Singer SJSinger SJ et

267

Property:NEPA Decision | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories onFocusOskiPhilipspresentsGeothermalAreaMeanCapacity JumpDecision

268

Implications for decision making: Auto industry perspectives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Implications for decision making in areas related to policy towards greenhouse gas emissions are discussed from the perspective of the auto industry. Two methods of reducing fuel use are discussed: increasing fuel efficiency of automobiles and reducing vehicle fuel use by other methods. Regulatory and market-driven control of fuel consumption are discussed. It is concluded that the automobile industry would prefer market-driven control of fuel consumption to regulatory control of fuel efficiency.

Leonard, S.A. [General Motors Technical Center, Warren, MI (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

269

Implications for decision making: Industrial sector perspectives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Implications for decision making in areas related to policy towards greenhouse gas emissions are discussed from the perspective of the industrial sector. Industry is presented as supportive of energy conservation measures in spite of the large uncertainties in the global warming issue. Perspectives of developed and developing countries are contrasted, and carbon dioxide emissions are compared. Socioeconomic implications of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, particularly in the form of higher prices for goods and services, are outlined.

Mangelsdorf, F.E. [Texaco, Inc., Beacon, NY (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

270

Computer models for evaluating financial decision alternatives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

973 Major Subject: Industrial Engineering COMPUTER MODELS FOR EVALUATING FINANCIAL DECISION ALTERNATIVES A Thesis by JAMES CARROLL CHRISTIAN Approved as to style and content by: . '; . . i', , ( (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Depar n... of this research is to bridge this gap by de- veloping the methodology necessary to solve personal finance problems in a quantitative method through the application of engineering economy principles. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to express my sincere...

Christian, James Carroll

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Computer Science and Decision Theory Fred S. Roberts 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Science and Decision Theory Fred S. Roberts 1 DIMACS Center, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854 USA froberts@dimacs.rutgers.edu Abstract This paper reviews applications in computer in the social and decision sciences of newer decision-theoretic methods developed with computer science

272

Procuring Solar Energy: A Guide for Federal Facility Decision Makers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Procuring Solar Energy: A Guide for Federal Facility Decision Makers SEPTEMBER 2010 Solar Energy: www.ntis.gov/help/ordermethods.aspx PROCURING SOLAR ENERGY: A GUIDE FOR FEDERAL FACILITY DECISION MAKERS #12;September 2010 3 Procuring Solar Energy: A Guide for Federal Facility Decision Makers Blaise

273

Cash crops, smallholder decision-making and institutional interactions in a closing-frontier: Calakmul, Campeche, Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-frontier: Calakmul, Campeche, Mexico Author(s): Eric Keys and Rinku Roy Chowdhury Source: Journal of Latin American decision-making and institutional interactions in a closing frontier: Calakmul, Campeche, Mexico Eric Keys and policy factors in the municipality of Calakmul in Campeche, Mexico. Jalapeno chili is the foremost market

Robeson, Scott M.

274

Money Related Decommissioning and Funding Decision Making  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

'Money makes the world go round', as the song says. It definitely influences decommissioning decision-making and financial assurance for future decommissioning. This paper will address two money-related decommissioning topics. The first is the evaluation of whether to continue or to halt decommissioning activities at Fermi 1. The second is maintaining adequacy of financial assurance for future decommissioning of operating plants. Decommissioning costs considerable money and costs are often higher than originally estimated. If costs increase significantly and decommissioning is not well funded, decommissioning activities may be deferred. Several decommissioning projects have been deferred when decision-makers determined future spending is preferable than current spending, or when costs have risen significantly. Decommissioning activity timing is being reevaluated for the Fermi 1 project. Assumptions for waste cost-escalation significantly impact the decision being made this year on the Fermi 1 decommissioning project. They also have a major impact on the estimated costs for decommissioning currently operating plants. Adequately funding full decommissioning during plant operation will ensure that the users who receive the benefit pay the full price of the nuclear-generated electricity. Funding throughout operation also will better ensure that money is available following shutdown to allow decommissioning to be conducted without need for additional funds.

Goodman, Lynne S. [Detroit Edison Company, 6400 N. Dixie Highway, Newport, Michigan 48162 (United States)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

275

Naturalistic Decision Making For Power System Operators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abstract: Motivation -- As indicated by the Blackout of 2003, the North American interconnected electric system is vulnerable to cascading outages and widespread blackouts. Investigations of large scale outages often attribute the causes to the three Ts: Trees, Training and Tools. A systematic approach has been developed to document and understand the mental processes that an expert power system operator uses when making critical decisions. The approach has been developed and refined as part of a capability demonstration of a high-fidelity real-time power system simulator under normal and emergency conditions. To examine naturalistic decision making (NDM) processes, transcripts of operator-to-operator conversations are analyzed to reveal and assess NDM-based performance criteria. Findings/Design -- The results of the study indicate that we can map the Situation Awareness Level of the operators at each point in the scenario. We can also identify clearly what mental models and mental simulations are being performed at different points in the scenario. As a result of this research we expect that we can identify improved training methods and improved analytical and visualization tools for power system operators. Originality/Value -- The research applies for the first time, the concepts of Recognition Primed Decision Making, Situation Awareness Levels and Cognitive Task Analysis to training of electric power system operators. Take away message -- The NDM approach provides an ideal framework for systematic training management and mitigation to accelerate learning in team-based training scenarios with high-fidelity power grid simulators.

Greitzer, Frank L.; Podmore, Robin; Robinson, Marck; Ey, Pamela

2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

276

Commission decision on the Northern California Power Agency's Application for Certification for Geothermal Project No. 2. Docket 79-AFC-2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The text of the Decision is presented in narrative form. Included are: findings on compliance with statutory site certification requirements, a discussion of the Joint Environmental Study and its significance in terms of the California Environmental Quality and National Environmental Policy Acts, a brief recapitulation of the procedural steps which occurred, and a summary of the evidentiary bases for this Decision. Also presented are topical discussions on the various human and natural environmental areas impacted by the project, as well as the technical, engineering, and other areas of concern affected by the project. These topical discussions summarize the basis for the Commission's ultimte Findings and Conclusions pertaining to each broad cetegory. (MHR)

Not Available

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Use of wind power forecasting in operational decisions.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The rapid expansion of wind power gives rise to a number of challenges for power system operators and electricity market participants. The key operational challenge is to efficiently handle the uncertainty and variability of wind power when balancing supply and demand in ths system. In this report, we analyze how wind power forecasting can serve as an efficient tool toward this end. We discuss the current status of wind power forecasting in U.S. electricity markets and develop several methodologies and modeling tools for the use of wind power forecasting in operational decisions, from the perspectives of the system operator as well as the wind power producer. In particular, we focus on the use of probabilistic forecasts in operational decisions. Driven by increasing prices for fossil fuels and concerns about greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, wind power, as a renewable and clean source of energy, is rapidly being introduced into the existing electricity supply portfolio in many parts of the world. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has analyzed a scenario in which wind power meets 20% of the U.S. electricity demand by 2030, which means that the U.S. wind power capacity would have to reach more than 300 gigawatts (GW). The European Union is pursuing a target of 20/20/20, which aims to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 20%, increase the amount of renewable energy to 20% of the energy supply, and improve energy efficiency by 20% by 2020 as compared to 1990. Meanwhile, China is the leading country in terms of installed wind capacity, and had 45 GW of installed wind power capacity out of about 200 GW on a global level at the end of 2010. The rapid increase in the penetration of wind power into power systems introduces more variability and uncertainty in the electricity generation portfolio, and these factors are the key challenges when it comes to integrating wind power into the electric power grid. Wind power forecasting (WPF) is an important tool to help efficiently address this challenge, and significant efforts have been invested in developing more accurate wind power forecasts. In this report, we document our work on the use of wind power forecasting in operational decisions.

Botterud, A.; Zhi, Z.; Wang, J.; Bessa, R.J.; Keko, H.; Mendes, J.; Sumaili, J.; Miranda, V. (Decision and Information Sciences); (INESC Porto)

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

278

Implications of the KONVERGENCE Model for Difficult Cleanup Decisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

AbstractSome cleanup decisions, such as cleanup of intractable contaminated sites or disposal of spent nuclear fuel, have proven difficult to make. Such decisions face high resistance to agreement from stakeholders possibly because they do not trust the decision makers, view the consequences of being wrong as too high, etc. Our projects goal is to improve sciencebased cleanup decision-making. This includes diagnosing intractable situations, as a step to identifying a path toward sustainable solutions. Companion papers describe the underlying philosophy of the KONVERGENCE Model for Sustainable Decisions,1 and the overall framework and process steps.2 Where knowledge, values, and resources converge (the K, V, and R in KONVERGENCE), you will find a sustainable decision a decision that works over time. For intractable cases, serious consideration of the adaptable class of alternatives is warranted if properly implemented and packaged.

Piet, Steven James; Dakins, Maxine Ellen; Gibson, Patrick Lavern; Joe, Jeffrey Clark; Kerr, Thomas A; Nitschke, Robert Leon

2002-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

279

Decision Making Under Conditions of Uncertainty: Experimental Assessment of Decision Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Letitia T. Alston, Ph.D. ? Institute for Science, Technology and Public Policy, Bush School C O L L A B O R AT O R S Steven B. Redd, Ph.D. ? Department of Political Science, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Mark K. Davis, Ph.D. ? National Defense..., Alex Mintz, Steven B. Redd, Xinsheng Liu, and Letitia T. Alston. Decision Making Under Conditions of Uncertainty: Experimental Assessment of Decision Models. (March 2005). A report to the National Defense University by the Institute for Science...

Vedlitz, Arnold; Mintz, Alex; Redd, Steven B.; Liu, Xinsheng; Alston, Letitia T.

2013-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

280

Efficient Transportation Decision Public Web Site: Bridging the Gap Between Transportation Planning and the Public  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for accomplishing transportation planning and projectprocess the Efficient Transportation Decision Making (Process - is to make transportation decisions more quickly

Roaza, Ruth

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Better Buildings Alliance Solar Decision Guide  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Businesses considering implementing solar PV may encounter widespread geographic differences regarding utility incentive structures (buy-down incentives, performance based incentives, feed-in tariffs, etc.), utility policies (net metering, interconnection requirements), regulatory structures, and permitting requirements. They might also have uncertainty about how to assess the different ownership structures (PPA, lease, own, etc.). The Solar Decision Guide can help companies navigate this complex environment to determine if investing in solar makes financial sense and to identify the regions that offer the most promising returns on solar investment.

282

Algorithms for optimal dyadic decision trees  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new algorithm for constructing optimal dyadic decision trees was recently introduced, analyzed, and shown to be very effective for low dimensional data sets. This paper enhances and extends this algorithm by: introducing an adaptive grid search for the regularization parameter that guarantees optimal solutions for all relevant trees sizes, revising the core tree-building algorithm so that its run time is substantially smaller for most regularization parameter values on the grid, and incorporating new data structures and data pre-processing steps that provide significant run time enhancement in practice.

Hush, Don [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Porter, Reid [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Evaluation of information bundles in engineering decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The utility function U : L arrowrightR has an expected utility form if it satisfies U(L) = R u(x)dFL(x). The utility function U : L arrowright R has the expected utility form if and only if it is linear. The expected utility form is preserved by increasing...- lowing holds: L followsequal Lprime if and only if R u(x)dFL(x) greaterequal R u(x)dFLprime (x) Each decision maker would like to choose the action that maximizes utility in each state. However, without knowledge of the states of world, he can choose only...

Bakir, Niyazi Onur

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

284

Decisions that led to Y-12  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phasesData Files Data Files 1B&W Y-12 Tymes &Decisions that led

285

OHA Decision Search | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the ContributionsArms Control R&DNuclear fuel recyclingArchive Download PageDecision

286

Decision Analysis for EGS | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models | Department1 Prepared by:DTEMoab3 SEAB MeetingDecision Analysis for

287

ILLINOIS RAILROAD ENGINEERING A Quantitative Decision Support  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

between capital investment and delay cost Link (sub) properties Alternatives generator Capacity expansion alternatives (cost & additional capacity) Estimated future traffic (trains/day/OD) Budget Investment Selection: Infrastructure Equipment Train dispatching, traffic mix Human resources Network Capacity must be increased

Barkan, Christopher P.L.

288

Mitigation of reservoir souring -- Decision process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper a general H{sub 2}S decision strategy, describing the types of information which should be gathered and decisions to be made addressing an existing H{sub 2}S problem, or new field development is presented. Taking H{sub 2}S into consideration in initial facility design, types of monitoring of H{sub 2}S that should be carried out during field development and exploitation will be discussed. The usefulness of computer phase modeling, including equation of state calculations, to determine H{sub 2}S concentrations in all phases from reservoir through the production stream will also be described. From quantification of the souring problem it can then be decided if, and where in the production stream, the use of sulfide scavengers is required. A laboratory based testing procedure will be presented, along with experimental data. In addition to consideration of the basic chemistry, results of an industry survey will be presented on the best applications for commercial sulfide scavenging products.

Kalpakci, B.; Magri, N.F.; Ravenscroft, P.D.; McTeir, M.D.K.; Arf, G.T.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Critical infrastructure protection decision support system decision model : overview and quick-start user's guide.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Critical Infrastructure Protection Decision Support System Decision Model (CIPDSS-DM) is a useful tool for comparing the effectiveness of alternative risk-mitigation strategies on the basis of CIPDSS consequence scenarios. The model is designed to assist analysts and policy makers in evaluating and selecting the most effective risk-mitigation strategies, as affected by the importance assigned to various impact measures and the likelihood of an incident. A typical CIPDSS-DM decision map plots the relative preference of alternative risk-mitigation options versus the annual probability of an undesired incident occurring once during the protective life of the investment, assumed to be 20 years. The model also enables other types of comparisons, including a decision map that isolates a selected impact variable and displays the relative preference for the options of interest--parameterized on the basis of the contribution of the isolated variable to total impact, as well as the likelihood of the incident. Satisfaction/regret analysis further assists the analyst or policy maker in evaluating the confidence with which one option can be selected over another.

Samsa, M.; Van Kuiken, J.; Jusko, M.; Decision and Information Sciences

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Developing Human Performance Measures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Through the reactor oversight process (ROP), the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) monitors the performance of utilities licensed to operate nuclear power plants. The process is designed to assure public health and safety by providing reasonable assurance that licensees are meeting the cornerstones of safety and designated crosscutting elements. The reactor inspection program, together with performance indicators (PIs), and enforcement activities form the basis for the NRCs risk-informed, performance based regulatory framework. While human performance is a key component in the safe operation of nuclear power plants and is a designated cross-cutting element of the ROP, there is currently no direct inspection or performance indicator for assessing human performance. Rather, when human performance is identified as a substantive cross cutting element in any 1 of 3 categories (resources, organizational or personnel), it is then evaluated for common themes to determine if follow-up actions are warranted. However, variability in human performance occurs from day to day, across activities that vary in complexity, and workgroups, contributing to the uncertainty in the outcomes of performance. While some variability in human performance may be random, much of the variability may be attributed to factors that are not currently assessed. There is a need to identify and assess aspects of human performance that relate to plant safety and to develop measures that can be used to successfully assure licensee performance and indicate when additional investigation may be required. This paper presents research that establishes a technical basis for developing human performance measures. In particular, we discuss: 1) how historical data already gives some indication of connection between human performance and overall plant performance, 2) how industry led efforts to measure and model human performance and organizational factors could serve as a data source and basis for a framework, 3) how our use of modeling and simulation techniques could be used to develop and validate measures of human performance, and 4) what the possible outcomes are from this research as the modeling and simulation efforts generate results.

Jeffrey Joe; Bruce Hallbert; Larry Blackwood; Donald Dudehoeffer; Kent Hansen

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Cognitive decision errors and organization vulnerabilities in nuclear power plant safety management: Modeling using the TOGA meta-theory framework  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the field of nuclear power plant (NPP) safety modeling, the perception of the role of socio-cognitive engineering (SCE) is continuously increasing. Today, the focus is especially on the identification of human and organization decisional errors caused by operators and managers under high-risk conditions, as evident by analyzing reports on nuclear incidents occurred in the past. At present, the engineering and social safety requirements need to enlarge their domain of interest in such a way to include all possible losses generating events that could be the consequences of an abnormal state of a NPP. Socio-cognitive modeling of Integrated Nuclear Safety Management (INSM) using the TOGA meta-theory has been discussed during the ICCAP 2011 Conference. In this paper, more detailed aspects of the cognitive decision-making and its possible human errors and organizational vulnerability are presented. The formal TOGA-based network model for cognitive decision-making enables to indicate and analyze nodes and arcs in which plant operators and managers errors may appear. The TOGA's multi-level IPK (Information, Preferences, Knowledge) model of abstract intelligent agents (AIAs) is applied. In the NPP context, super-safety approach is also discussed, by taking under consideration unexpected events and managing them from a systemic perspective. As the nature of human errors depends on the specific properties of the decision-maker and the decisional context of operation, a classification of decision-making using IPK is suggested. Several types of initial situations of decision-making useful for the diagnosis of NPP operators and managers errors are considered. The developed models can be used as a basis for applications to NPP educational or engineering simulators to be used for training the NPP executive staff. (authors)

Cappelli, M. [UTFISST, ENEA Casaccia, via Anguillarese 301, Rome (Italy); Gadomski, A. M. [ECONA, Centro Interuniversitario Elaborazione Cognitiva Sistemi Naturali e Artificiali, via dei Marsi 47, Rome (Italy); Sepiellis, M. [UTFISST, ENEA Casaccia, via Anguillarese 301, Rome (Italy); Wronikowska, M. W. [UTFISST, ENEA Casaccia, via Anguillarese 301, Rome (Italy); Poznan School of Social Sciences (Poland)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Office of Legacy Management Decision Tree for Solar Photovoltaic Projects - 13317  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To support consideration of renewable energy power development as a land reuse option, the DOE Office of Legacy Management (LM) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) established a partnership to conduct an assessment of wind and solar renewable energy resources on LM lands. From a solar capacity perspective, the larger sites in the western United States present opportunities for constructing solar photovoltaic (PV) projects. A detailed analysis and preliminary plan was developed for three large sites in New Mexico, assessing the costs, the conceptual layout of a PV system, and the electric utility interconnection process. As a result of the study, a 1,214-hectare (3,000-acre) site near Grants, New Mexico, was chosen for further study. The state incentives, utility connection process, and transmission line capacity were key factors in assessing the feasibility of the project. LM's Durango, Colorado, Disposal Site was also chosen for consideration because the uranium mill tailings disposal cell is on a hillside facing south, transmission lines cross the property, and the community was very supportive of the project. LM worked with the regulators to demonstrate that the disposal cell's long-term performance would not be impacted by the installation of a PV solar system. A number of LM-unique issues were resolved in making the site available for a private party to lease a portion of the site for a solar PV project. A lease was awarded in September 2012. Using a solar decision tree that was developed and launched by the EPA and NREL, LM has modified and expanded the decision tree structure to address the unique aspects and challenges faced by LM on its multiple sites. The LM solar decision tree covers factors such as land ownership, usable acreage, financial viability of the project, stakeholder involvement, and transmission line capacity. As additional sites are transferred to LM in the future, the decision tree will assist in determining whether a solar PV project is feasible on the new sites. (authors)

Elmer, John; Butherus, Michael [S.M. Stoller Corporation (United States)] [S.M. Stoller Corporation (United States); Barr, Deborah L. [U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management (United States)] [U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Corrective Action Decision Document for Corrective Action Unit 254: Area 25 R-MAD Decontamination Facility, Nevada Test Site, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Corrective Action Decision Document identifies and rationalizes the US Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office's selection of a recommended corrective action alternative (CAA) appropriate to facilitate the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 254, R-MAD Decontamination Facility, under the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order. Located in Area 25 at the Nevada Test Site in Nevada, CAU 254 is comprised of Corrective Action Site (CAS) 25-23-06, Decontamination Facility. A corrective action investigation for this CAS as conducted in January 2000 as set forth in the related Corrective Action Investigation Plan. Samples were collected from various media throughout the CAS and sent to an off-site laboratory for analysis. The laboratory results indicated the following: radiation dose rates inside the Decontamination Facility, Building 3126, and in the storage yard exceeded the average general dose rate; scanning and static total surface contamination surveys indicated that portions of the locker and shower room floor, decontamination bay floor, loft floor, east and west decon pads, north and south decontamination bay interior walls, exterior west and south walls, and loft walls were above preliminary action levels (PALs). The investigation-derived contaminants of concern (COCs) included: polychlorinated biphenyls, radionuclides (strontium-90, niobium-94, cesium-137, uranium-234 and -235), total volatile and semivolatile organic compounds, total petroleum hydrocarbons, and total Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (Metals). During the investigation, two corrective action objectives (CAOs) were identified to prevent or mitigate human exposure to COCs. Based on these CAOs, a review of existing data, future use, and current operations at the Nevada Test Site, three CAAs were developed for consideration: Alternative 1 - No Further Action; Alternative 2 - Unrestricted Release Decontamination and Verification Survey; and Alternative 3 - Unrestricted Release Decontamination and Verification Survey and Dismantling of Building 3126. These alternatives were evaluated based on four general corrective action standards and five remedy selection decision factors, and the preferred CAA chosen on technical merit was Alternative 2. This CAA was judged to meet all requirements for the technical components evaluated and applicable state and federal regulations for closure of the site, and reduce the potential for future exposure pathways.

U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making:...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making: A Guidance and Resource Document Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Applying Climate...

295

Department of Energy Announces Decision to Consolidate Surplus...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Issues Amended Decision to Expand Use of Nuclear Facility Top: MOX Services President Kelly Trice, left, presents a certificate to Wise President and Owner David Abney and Wise...

296

Decentralized Decision-making and Protocol Design for Recycled ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Decentralized Decision-making and Protocol. Design for Recycled Material Flows. Reverse logistics networks often consist of several tiers with independent

ihong

2006-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

297

Optimization Online - Binary Decision Rules for Multistage Adaptive ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aug 20, 2014 ... ... decision rules that are highly scalable and achieve good quality solutions. ... Category 2: Applications -- OR and Management Sciences.

Dimitris Bertsimas

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

298

Optimizing Trading Decisions for Hydro Storage Systems using ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trading with a system of hydro storage plants in a wholesale electricity market involves many decisions ...... prices due to higher demand for heating and cooling.

2012-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

299

Data-driven resource allocation decisions : FEMA's disaster recovery centers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resource allocation decisions in post-disaster operations are challenging because of situational dynamics, insufficient information, organizational culture, political context, and urgency. We propose a methodology to create ...

Moline, Julia N. (Julia Nessa)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Automobile Buyer Decisions about Fuel Economy and Fuel Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consumer Response to Automobile Regulation and TechnologicalConsumer Discounting of Automobile Fuel Economy: ReviewingDecisions: Evidence from Automobiles Research Report.

Kurani, Ken; Turrentine, Thomas

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Binary Decision Rules for Multistage Adaptive Mixed-Integer ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aug 20, 2014 ... In the first test series, we compared the performance of the binary decision rules versus the non- ..... involving indicator functions is NP-hard.

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

302

Electric System Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Analysis Prepared for Western Interstate Energy Board Committee on Regional Electric Power Cooperation Electric System Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary...

303

Assessment of New Approaches in Geothermal Exploration Decision...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Assessment of New Approaches in Geothermal Exploration Decision Making Preprint Sertac Akar and Katherine R. Young National Renewable Energy Laboratory Presented at the Fourtieth...

304

Robust Decision Making using a General Utility Set  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Sciences ... Utility is a fundamental concept in economics and decision theory. In this paper, we study a

2012-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

305

advanced clinical decision: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

category during the post- intervention period was 32% in CDSS communities and 5 Campbell, A. Malcolm 11 Bayes Sequential Decision Theory in a Clinical Trial with Binary...

306

Characterizing Uncertainty for Regional Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Decisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This white paper describes the results of new research to develop an uncertainty characterization process to help address the challenges of regional climate change mitigation and adaptation decisions.

Unwin, Stephen D.; Moss, Richard H.; Rice, Jennie S.; Scott, Michael J.

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

307

Engaging Non-IT Executives in IT Infrastructure Decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This case study describes how information technology (IT) managers from Insurance Co. successfully engaged non-IT executives in IT infrastructure investment decisions. This

Fonstad, Nils O.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Modeling of Energy Production Decisions: An Alaska Oil Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RR-08-26 Modeling of Energy Production Decisions: An Alaskarapid or gradual energy production in the future? Doesnet social benefit from energy production and achieving a

Leighty, Wayne

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Risk-Averse Dynamic Programming for Markov Decision Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dec 19, 2009 ... Abstract: We introduce the concept of a Markov risk measure and we use it to formulate risk-averse control problems for two Markov decision...

Andrzej Ruszczynski

2009-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

310

Risk-Averse Dynamic Programming for Markov Decision Processes?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce the concept of a Markov risk measure and we use it to formulate risk-averse control problems for two Markov decision models: a finite horizon.

2009-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

311

Decision on the Northern California Power Agency's application for certification for Geothermal Project No. 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Findings on compliance with statutory site certification requirements, a discussion of the Joint Environmental Study and its significance in terms of the California Environmental Quality and National Environmental Policy Acts, a brief recapitulation of the procedural steps which occured, and a summary of the evidentiary bases for this Decision are included. Topical discussions on the various human and natural environmental areas impacted by the project, as well as the technical, engineering, and other areas of concern affected by the project are presented. These topical discussions summarize the basis for the Commission's ultimate Findings and Conclusions pertaining to each broad category.

Not Available

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

A risk-based focused decision-management approach for justifying characterization of Hanford tank waste. June 1996, Revision 1; April 1997, Revision 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes a disciplined, risk-based decision-making approach for determining characterization needs and resolving safety issues during the storage and remediation of radioactive waste stored in Hanford tanks. The strategy recommended uses interactive problem evaluation and decision analysis methods commonly used in industry to solve problems under conditions of uncertainty (i.e., lack of perfect knowledge). It acknowledges that problem resolution comes through both the application of high-quality science and human decisions based upon preferences and sometimes hard-to-compare choices. It recognizes that to firmly resolve a safety problem, the controlling waste characteristics and chemical phenomena must be measurable or estimated to an acceptable level of confidence tailored to the decision being made.

Colson, S.D.; Gephart, R.E.; Hunter, V.L.; Janata, J.; Morgan, L.G.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

313

Politically rational foreign policy decision-making  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and institutional arrangements? (1988, 432). Second, Putnam contends that there are few theories that connect domestic and international politics. ?We need to move beyond the mere observation that domestic factors influence international affairs and vice versa...

Kent, Charles Todd

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

314

Representing Asymmetric Decision Problems Using Coarse Valuations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Support Systems 37 (2004) 119?135120 example of a highly asymmetric decision problem [15,22,23]. Joe is considering buying a 3-year-old Spartan sedan at a price of US$1000. The going rate for a similar car in the used car market is US$1100. Joe is unsure... of X and r is a payoff valuation of Y. Their combination, denoted by pC10r or rC10p, is a payoff valuation of Z=X[Y defined as follows: ?p C10 r??z??p?x??r?y?; ?1? where x and y are respectively the projection of z to X and Y, which are defined...

Liu, Liping; Shenoy, Prakash P.

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Adaptive Peircean decision aid project summary assessments.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This efforts objective was to identify and hybridize a suite of technologies enabling the development of predictive decision aids for use principally in combat environments but also in any complex information terrain. The technologies required included formal concept analysis for knowledge representation and information operations, Peircean reasoning to support hypothesis generation, Mill's's canons to begin defining information operators that support the first two technologies and co-evolutionary game theory to provide the environment/domain to assess predictions from the reasoning engines. The intended application domain is the IED problem because of its inherent evolutionary nature. While a fully functioning integrated algorithm was not achieved the hybridization and demonstration of the technologies was accomplished and demonstration of utility provided for a number of ancillary queries.

Senglaub, Michael E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Risk, ambiguity and quantum decision theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the present article we use the quantum formalism to describe the effects of risk and ambiguity in decision theory. The main idea is that the probabilities in the classic theory of expected utility are estimated probabilities, and thus do not follow the classic laws of probability theory. In particular, we show that it is possible to use consistently the classic expected utility formula, where the probability associated to the events are computed with the equation of quantum interference. Thus we show that the correct utility of a lottery can be simply computed by adding to the classic expected utility a new corrective term, the uncertainty utility, directly connected with the quantum interference term.

Riccardo Franco

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

317

Public involvement in radioactive waste management decisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current repository siting efforts focus on Yucca Mountain, Nevada, where DOE`s Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) is conducting exploratory studies to determine if the site is suitable. The state of Nevada has resisted these efforts: it has denied permits, brought suit against DOE, and publicly denounced the federal government`s decision to study Yucca Mountain. The state`s opposition reflects public opinion in Nevada, and has considerably slowed DOE`s progress in studying the site. The Yucca Mountain controversy demonstrates the importance of understanding public attitudes and their potential influence as DOE develops a program to manage radioactive waste. The strength and nature of Nevada`s opposition -- its ability to thwart if not outright derail DOE`s activities -- indicate a need to develop alternative methods for making decisions that affect the public. This report analyzes public participation as a key component of this openness, one that provides a means of garnering acceptance of, or reducing public opposition to, DOE`s radioactive waste management activities, including facility siting and transportation. The first section, Public Perceptions: Attitudes, Trust, and Theory, reviews the risk-perception literature to identify how the public perceives the risks associated with radioactivity. DOE and the Public discusses DOE`s low level of credibility among the general public as the product, in part, of the department`s past actions. This section looks at the three components of the radioactive waste management program -- disposal, storage, and transportation -- and the different ways DOE has approached the problem of public confidence in each case. Midwestern Radioactive Waste Management Histories focuses on selected Midwestern facility-siting and transportation activities involving radioactive materials.

NONE

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Investigating the Nexus of Climate, Energy, Water, and Land at Decision-Relevant Scales: The Platform for Regional Integrated Modeling and Analysis (PRIMA)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Platform for Regional Integrated Modeling and Analysis (PRIMA) is an innovative modeling system developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to simulate interactions among natural and human systems at scales relevant to regional decision making. PRIMA brings together state-of-the-art models of regional climate, hydrology, agriculture, socioeconomics, and energy systems using a flexible coupling approach. The platform can be customized to inform a variety of complex questions and decisions, such as the integrated evaluation of mitigation and adaptation options across a range of sectors. Research into stakeholder decision support needs underpins the platform's application to regional issues, including uncertainty characterization. Ongoing numerical experiments are yielding new insights into the interactions among human and natural systems on regional scales with an initial focus on the energy-land-water nexus in the upper U.S. Midwest. This paper focuses on PRIMAs functional capabilities and describes some lessons learned to date about integrated regional modeling.

Kraucunas, Ian P.; Clarke, Leon E.; Dirks, James A.; Hathaway, John E.; Hejazi, Mohamad I.; Hibbard, Kathleen A.; Huang, Maoyi; Jin, Chunlian; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Kleese van Dam, Kerstin; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Li, Hongyi; Moss, Richard H.; Peterson, Marty J.; Rice, Jennie S.; Scott, Michael J.; Thomson, Allison M.; Voisin, Nathalie; West, Tristram O.

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

319

Learning environment simulator: a tool for local decision makers and first responders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center (NISAC) has developed a prototype learning environment simulator (LES) based on the Critical Infrastructure Protection Decision Support System (CIPDSS) infrastructure and scenario models. The LES is designed to engage decision makers at the grass-roots level (local/city/state) to deepen their understanding of an evolving crisis, enhance their intuition and allow them to test their own strategies for events before they occur. An initial version is being developed, centered on a pandemic influenza outbreak and has been successfully tested with a group of hospital administrators and first responders. LES is not a predictive tool but rather a simulated environment allowing the user to experience the complexities of a crisis before it happens. Users can contrast various approaches to the crisis, competing with alternative strategies of their own or other participants. LES is designed to assist decision makers in making informed choices by functionally representing relevant scenarios before they occur, including impacts to critical infrastructures with their interdependencies, and estimating human health & safety and economic impacts. In this paper a brief overview of the underlying models are given followed by a description of the LES, its interface and usage and an overview of the experience testing LES with a group of hospital administrators and first responders. The paper concludes with a brief discussion of the work remaining to make LES operational.

Leclaire, Rene J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hirsch, Gary B [CLE, INCORPORATED

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Power Factor Compensation (PFC) Power Factor Compensation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Factor Compensation (PFC) Power Factor Compensation The power factor (PF) is defined as the ratio between the active power and the apparent power of a system. If the current and voltage are periodic with period , and [ ), then the active power is defined by ( ) ( ) (their inner product

Knobloch,Jürgen

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Depleted uranium hexafluoride (DUF{sub 6}) management system--a decision tool  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride (DUF{sub 6}) Management System (DMS) is being developed as a decision tool to provide cost and risk data for evaluation of short-and long-term management strategies for depleted uranium. It can be used to assist decision makers on a programmatic or site-specific level. Currently, the DMS allows evaluation of near-term cylinder management strategies such as storage yard improvements, cylinder restocking, and reconditioning. The DMS has been designed to provide the user with maximum flexibility for modifying data and impact factors (e.g., unit costs and risk factors). Sensitivity analysis can be performed on all key parameters such as cylinder corrosion rate, inspection frequency, and impact factors. Analysis may be conducted on a system-wide, site, or yard basis. The costs and risks from different scenarios may be compared in graphic or tabular format. Ongoing development of the DMS will allow similar evaluation of long-term management strategies such as conversion to other chemical forms. The DMS is a Microsoft Windows 3.1 based, stand-alone computer application. It can be operated on a 486 or faster computer with VGA, 4 MB of RAM, and 10 MB of disk space.

Gasper, J.R.; Sutter, R.J.; Avci, H.I. [and others

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

322

Factored Models for Multiscale Decision-Making in Smart Grid Customers Prashant P. Reddy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of customers in the management of demand, and renewable energy supply, is a critical goal of the Smart Grid on offering customers financial incentives through variable-price tariffs; we also contribute an ef- fective the past decade (Str- bac 2008). Smart Grid customers are steadily acquiring dis- tributed renewable

Veloso, Manuela M.

323

Sampling in human cognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bayesian Decision Theory describes optimal methods for combining sparse, noisy data with prior knowledge to build models of an uncertain world and to use those models to plan actions and make novel decisions. Bayesian ...

Vul, Edward

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Initial Risk Analysis and Decision Making Framework  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Commercialization of new carbon capture simulation initiative (CCSI) technology will include two key elements of risk management, namely, technical risk (will process and plant performance be effective, safe, and reliable) and enterprise risk (can project losses and costs be controlled within the constraints of market demand to maintain profitability and investor confidence). Both of these elements of risk are incorporated into the risk analysis subtask of Task 7. Thus far, this subtask has developed a prototype demonstration tool that quantifies risk based on the expected profitability of expenditures when retrofitting carbon capture technology on a stylized 650 MW pulverized coal electric power generator. The prototype is based on the selection of specific technical and financial factors believed to be important determinants of the expected profitability of carbon capture, subject to uncertainty. The uncertainty surrounding the technical performance and financial variables selected thus far is propagated in a model that calculates the expected profitability of investments in carbon capture and measures risk in terms of variability in expected net returns from these investments. Given the preliminary nature of the results of this prototype, additional work is required to expand the scope of the model to include additional risk factors, additional information on extant and proposed risk factors, the results of a qualitative risk factor elicitation process, and feedback from utilities and other interested parties involved in the carbon capture project. Additional information on proposed distributions of these risk factors will be integrated into a commercial implementation framework for the purpose of a comparative technology investment analysis.

Engel, David W.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Human fibroblast stimulation: mediation by soluble factors releaseed by T-T hybrid clones, and murine Schistosoma mansoni in vivo granulomas, and isolated from S. mansoni soluble egg antigen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the inhibition caused by recombinant imerferon-gamma (rlFN-gamma) is synergistically enhanced by tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha). TNF-alpha also enhances inhibition caused by IFN alpha and beta. These effects were not altered by indomethacin, an inhibitor...RNA and hydroxyproline per fibroblast. The overall effect of EGF treatment is an increase in collagen deposition due primarily to the increase in total cell number (Laato er al. , 1987). A slightly different approach was undertaken by Mansour et al. (1988) who used a...

Hagen, Lynda Suzanne

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Regulation of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-4 in Ah responsive and Ah nonresponsive human breast cancer cells by 17 B-estradiol and 2,3,7,8 tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of cell proliferation and tumor promotion by TCDD may also be associated with alteration of receptors such as epidermal growth factor (EGF), estrogen receptor (ER) (Whysner and Williams, 1996, DeVito et al. , 1992) and perhaps the glucocorticoid receptor... responses were observed (Shiverick and Muther, 1982, DeVito et al. , 1992). Many antiestrogenic responses induced by Ah-receptor agonists in MCF-7 cells occur at concentrations that do not cause induction of CYPIAI (Tiwari et al. , 1994; Liu et al. , 1994...

Schrope, Katherine Eillene

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

APPLICATION OF PROBABILISTIC FORECASTS: DECISION MAKING WITH FORECAST UNCERTAINTY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 APPLICATION OF PROBABILISTIC FORECASTS: DECISION MAKING WITH FORECAST UNCERTAINTY Rick Katz.isse.ucar.edu/HP_rick/dmuu.pdf #12;2 QUOTES ON USE OF PROBABILITY FORECASTS · Lao Tzu (Chinese Philosopher) "He who knows does and Value of Probability Forecasts (4) Cost-Loss Decision-Making Model (5) Simulation Example (6) Economic

Katz, Richard

328

Utility Independence in a Qualitative Decision Theory Fahiem Bacchus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or utilities quickly becomes unmanageable. Further- more, such a listing might obscure valuable structureUtility Independence in a Qualitative Decision Theory Fahiem Bacchus Department of Computer Science Qualitative accounts of utility modeling and decision theory o er the prospect of rea- soning about preference

Bacchus, Fahiem

329

MIS 383N DECISION SUPPORT MODELING SPRING 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MIS 383N DECISION SUPPORT MODELING SPRING 2012 TT 12:30-2:00, GSB 3.106 Professor James S. Dyer. Materials Required: The primary textbook is: (C&R) Clemen, R. and Reilly, T., Making Hard Decisions, South Grove, CA: Duxbury Press (ISBN 0-324-66244-0) (TM) Titman, T. and J. D. Martin. 2011, 2 nd Edition

Ghosh, Joydeep

330

GIDA____________________ Journal of Geographic Information and Decision Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, pp . 129-139 GIDA 2001 ISSN 1480-8943 Sharing Exploratory Geospatial Analysis and Decision Making networks, mobile computing devices and other location-based #12;Sharing Exploratory Geospatial AnalysisGIDA____________________ Journal of Geographic Information and Decision Analysis 2001, Vol. 5, No.2

Klippel, Alexander

331

Stochastic methods for improving secondary production decisions under compositional uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

secondary recovery industry. Secondary recovery forestalls depletion of non-renewable resources and avoidsStochastic methods for improving secondary production decisions under compositional uncertainty and Optimization Program #12;2 #12;3 Stochastic methods for improving secondary production decisions under

de Weck, Olivier L.

332

Decision Center for a Desert City Water/Climate Briefings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water and its Role in Mitigation of Surface/Ground water depletion ­ Max Krzyzewski Climate Change EfDecision Center for a Desert City Water/Climate Briefings A place where multiple perspectives with the public policy community to investigate water, climate, decision-making and vulnerability

Zhang, Junshan

333

COOPERATION BETWEEN BUSINESS AND HOLONIC MANUFACTURING DECISION SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COOPERATION BETWEEN BUSINESS AND HOLONIC MANUFACTURING DECISION SYSTEMS Rémi Pannequin, André holonic products, in order to enable cooperation between centralised business and distributed of the holonic product and finally study the possible interaction protocols between the products and the decision

Boyer, Edmond

334

Smarter Cropping: Internet program helps farmers make decisions about crops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Story by Kathy Wythe tx H2O | pg. 26 Smarter Cropping Internet program helps farmers make decisions about crops Along the coastal plains of Texas, farmers and crop managers are using the Internet to make more informed decisions about growing...

Wythe, Kathy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Revision of Qualitative Multi-Attribute Decision Models Martin Znidarsic*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

881 Revision of Qualitative Multi-Attribute Decision Models Martin Znidarsic* Marko Bohanec** Jozef.znidarsic@ijs.si **Email: marko.bohanec@ijs.si Abstract Data-driven revision of decision models is defined as follows: given an existing model and a set of data items, revise the model to match the data items. In this paper

Bohanec, Marko

336

DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR MANAGEMENT OF WATER SOURCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR MANAGEMENT OF WATER SOURCES Nejc Trdin1, 2 , Marko Bohanec1 , Mitja.bohanec}@ijs.si, mitja.janza@geo-zs.si ABSTRACT Meeting the quality criteria for drinking water is one of the areas which of data collected while monitoring water adequacy, an expert carries a large burden and also his decisions

Bohanec, Marko

337

Didactic Decision-Making Process In a Surgery Learning Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Didactic Decision-Making Process In a Surgery Learning Environment Dima Mufti-Alchawafa1 , Vanda.Vadcard}@imag.fr Abstract. In this paper we present our model of the didactic decision-making process and our method environment a model of knowledge (Luengo & al., 2004), a model of knowledge diagnosis and a model of didactic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

338

2009 EMS Users Conference Expert Operator Decision Making  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, abnormal summaries, charts, map boards) that reflect thousands of variables 7 #12;Power Grid Operations National Laboratory September 16, 2009 PNNL-SA-68226 #12;Overview Power Grid Expert Operator Decision Model Improvements Operator Decision Model: An application of Cognitive Science Power grid operations: Complex

339

Fuzzy Multicriteria Decision Making1 Vania Peneva, Ivan Popchev  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vary in time. Fuzzy sets and fuzzy logic are powerful mathematical tools for modeling and control- ling1 6 Fuzzy Multicriteria Decision Making1 Vania Peneva, Ivan Popchev Institute of Information- searching of models for decision making support in multicriteria problems under uncertainties from fuzzy

Borissova, Daniela

340

"LIFE OF FIELD" DEVELOPMENT DECISIONS, DOE-SUPPORTED SIMULATION SOFTWARE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Polymer flooding, ASP or lower concentration flooding, and CO2). WHO SHOULD ATTEND Petroleum Engineers"LIFE OF FIELD" DEVELOPMENT DECISIONS, DOE-SUPPORTED SIMULATION SOFTWARE AS A DECISION SUPPORT TOOL, and ultimately enhanced oil recovery (EOR) processes. DOE-developed simulation software packages

Thompson, Anne

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

1 INTRODUCTION The replacement investment decision is clearly a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 INTRODUCTION The replacement investment decision is clearly a strategic objective of a company for the replacement decision largely depends on the company context. However, we can summarize the motivations leading over time and prove that the replacement policy at equal intervals is optimum. However, the linear

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

342

ancient human bones: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reich, David 159 OsteoConduct: Wireless Body-Area Communication based on Bone Conduction Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization Websites Summary: , Measurement, Human Factors....

343

Decision-support tools for the assessment process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new software system is under development that provides a framework to link disparate assessment software and databases for site-specific, regional, or national analyses. This system represents the merger of the Framework for Risk Analysis in Multimedia Environmental Systems (FRAMES), which performs site-specific assessments, and Multi-media, Multi-pathway, Multi-receptor Risk Assessment (3MRA) methodology, which performs regional and national assessments. This Merged System is an icon-driven, site-layout platform, which represents an interactive means by which the user graphically constructs a conceptualization of the problem by visually expressing the assessment, indicating sources of contamination, contaminant travel pathways through the environment, linkages between contamination and people or wildlife, and impacts associated with the contamination. It processes data as part of a systems-based assessment and is an open-architecture, object-oriented framework, which contains ''sockets'' for a collection of databases and computer codes that will transparently simulate elements of transport, exposure, and risk assessment, including contaminant source and release to and through overland soils, vadose and saturated zones, air, surface water, food supply, intake human health impacts, sensitivity/uncertainty, ecological impacts, with the ability to expand into areas including Geographical Information System (GIS), remediation technology, cost analysis, Data Quality Objectives, life-cycle management, and conceptual site design. A user can choose from a list of models, and the assessment path forward can be visually presented, which describes the models and their linkages from source through receptor to the decision-making endpoint.

Whelan, Gene; Pelton, Mitch A.; Dorow, Kevin E.

2004-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

344

University Policy No.: HR6105 Classification: Human Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University Policy No.: HR6105 Classification: Human Resources EQUITY POLICY FOR FEMALE Approving in pension policies have been remedied and the introduction of a parental leave policy has greatly benefited be recognized in hiring and other personnel decisions. 5. Ensure that University policies encourage gender

Victoria, University of

345

INTRODUCTION Recent research on human-automation inter-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTRODUCTION Recent research on human-automation inter- action theory (Endsley & Kaber, 1999 decisions about what complex system functions to automate, and to what extent, in advance of implementation and as part of the systems de- sign process. This work has relevance to adap- tive automation. Adaptive

Kaber, David B.

346

Human Ecology Human ecology Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Channel, Latin America. STUDIOS Architecture. #12;HUMAN ECOLOGY · APRIL 2005 1 Lisa Staiano-Coico, Ph Frey spins a green alternative for textiles. Fibers from rapidly renewable materials

Wang, Z. Jane

347

Projection and Reaction for Decision Support in Refineries: Combining Multiple Theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Projection and Reaction for Decision Support in Refineries: Combining Multiple Theories Kurt D system to provide decision support for refinery operations personnel (Krebsbach & Musliner 1997; Musliner to provide sufficiently flexible decision support in complex environments. Background: Refinery Control

Krebsbach, Kurt D.

348

Enhancing the systems decision process with flexibility analysis for optimal unmanned aircraft system selection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Systems Engineers often conduct decision analysis in order to provide decision makers with a quantifiable means to make decisions. However, the field of Systems Engineering is often criticized for focusing on processes and ...

Bachmann, Chris H., III (Christopher Henry)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

STATE AND TRAIT ANXIETY EFFECTS ON DECISION-MAKING: PREDICTING HEURISTIC VERSUS ANALYTIC STRATEGY ADOPTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The impact of mood states on decision-making behavior has revealed two styles of decision making: heuristic and analytic (Fiedler, 1991). When the limited research on anxious moods and decision-making style is considered, ...

O'Hare, Aminda Jo

2010-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

350

Developing a Framework to Support Shared Decision Making for Youth Mental Health Medication Treatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract Medical shared decision making has demonstrated success in increasing collaboration between clients and practitioners for various health decisions. As the importance of a shared decision making approach becomes ...

Crickard, Elizabeth L.; O'Brien, Megan S.; Rapp, Charles A.; Holmes, Cheryl L.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Decision management for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project is in the process of developing estimates for the radiation doses that individuals and population groups may have received as a result of past activities at the Hanford Reservation in Eastern Washington. A formal decision-aiding methodology has been developed to assist the HEDR Project in making significant and defensible decisions regarding how this study will be conducted. These decisions relate primarily to policy (e.g., the appropriate level of public participation in the study) and specific technical aspects (e.g., the appropriate domain and depth of the study), and may have significant consequences with respect to technical results, costs, and public acceptability.

Roberds, W.J.; Haerer, H.A. (Golder Associates, Inc., Redmond, WA (United States)); Winterfeldt, D.V. (Decision Insights, Laguna Beach, CA (United States))

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Two Axiomatic Approaches to Decision Making Using Possibility Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Uncertainty about which possible state will occur is represented by a possibility distribution that is a mapping ? : S ? V such that max s?S ?(s) = 1. The possibility of a subset A ?S, ?(A) def =max s?A ?(s). Let X = {x 1 ,x 2 ,...x n } denote a ?nite set... of consequences or prizes. To avoid trivialities, X is assumed to have at least two distinct elements, i.e., n ? 2. A decision is a mapping d : S ? X. That is, decision d results in con- sequence d(s) if state s occurs. Notice that each decision d induces a pos...

Giang, Phan H.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

2005-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

353

Between a Rock and a Soft Place: Investigating prima facie irrationality and farmers' decision-making in the cotton region of south-western Chad  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

access to inputs and credit that are systemically unavailable via other crops. It will also show that social factors such as inedibility of cotton or applied informal peer-pressure to grow cotton form irrefutable elements of farmers agricultural decision...

Schnier, Matthias

2012-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

354

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative decision strategies Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

strategy: reelection New... decision strategy: suicide New Strategies for Revocation in Ad-Hoc Networks Tyler Moore, Jolyon Clulow... New decision strategy: reelection New ......

355

E-Print Network 3.0 - alters economic decision Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

economic decision Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alters economic decision Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Economics Special Topics...

356

On-Board Fuel Processing Go No-Go Decision, August 2004  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

DOE Decision Report on Go/No-go decision on on-board fuel processing task for fuel cell vehicles. Revised report published August 2004.

357

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced decision support Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

document that allows Summary: future health care and medical research decisions. The NIH advance directive docu- ment only takes effect... decisions for you If you become...

358

SciTech Connect: Energy Signal Tool for Decision Support in Building...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Energy Signal Tool for Decision Support in Building Energy Systems Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Energy Signal Tool for Decision Support in Building Energy Systems A...

359

Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 4): Tri-City Disposal Company, operable unit 2, Bullitt County, Brooks, KY, March 29, 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The document presents the decision made by the U.S. Environmental protection Agency (USEPA) for the second phase of remedial action (Operable Unit No. 2) at the Tri-City Industrial Disposal Site. Based on the results of additional sampling at Tri-City, monitoring reports, and risk evaluation, no further remedial action is necessary at the site to ensure protection of human health and the environment. This decision is the final remedial action for the site. Although EPA has determined that no additional Superfund action is warranted for the second operable unit, treatment and monitoring of contaminated groundwater (OU1) (PB92-964004) will continue at the site as necessary.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Evaluating the Applicability of Current Models of Workload to Peer-based Human-robot Teams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-off possibility into a reality. Human Performance Moderator Functions (HPMFs) can be used to predict human. This trend was predicted by the IMPRINT Pro models. These results are the first to indicate that existing Terms Performance, Experimentation, Human Factors Keywords human-robot peer-based teams, human-performance

Zhang, Tao

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Economics and Decision-Making for Climate Change and Sustainability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economics and Decision-Making for Climate Change and Sustainability Subtitle: Climate Change is an Economic Problem­ source and solutions lie in realm of social science Susan M. Capalbo Professor and Head, Applied Economics (formerly

Schmittner, Andreas

362

Joint pricing and inventory decision for competitive products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the joint pricing and inventory decision problem for a single retailer who orders, stocks and sells multiple products. The products are competitive in nature, e.g., these maybe similar products from multiple ...

Ye, Kelly (Kelly Yunqing)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Design of Near Optimal Decision Rules in Multistage Adaptive ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Process Systems Engineering Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, ...... revealed, in response to which the decision maker takes the a second pair of .... where constant ?max denote the maximum demand that can occur in each...

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

364

Reliability improvement project decision making : water cooling system redesign  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deciding on which reliability & performance improvement projects to launch or to reject has historically been an extremely challenging responsibility of Teradyne management. Incorrect decisions can lead to major customer ...

Devine, Paul (Paul S.)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Applications of Belief Functions in Business Decisions: A Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we review recent applications of Dempster-Shafer theory (DST) of belief functions to auditing and business decision-making. We show how DST can better map uncertainties in the application domains than ...

Srivastava, Rajendra P.; Liu, Liping

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Including costs of supply chain risk in strategic sourcing decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cost evaluations do not always include the costs associated with risks when organizations make strategic sourcing decisions. This research was conducted to establish and quantify the impact of risks and risk-related costs ...

Jain, Avani

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Scientia : An end user development environment for decision support systems/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes an end user programming environment that allows non-programmers to create decision support protocols for use on electronic devices. User centered design techniques were followed to identify the ...

Sims, Clayton Tyler

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

P:\\DECISION\\psh-12-0117.wpd  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the case number of the decision in the search engine located at http:www.oha.doe.govsearch.htm. * The original of this document contains information which is subject to...

369

Statistical Decisions Using Likelihood Information Without Prior Probabilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a decision-theoretic approach to statistical inference that satisfies the Likelihood Principle (LP) without using prior information. Unlike the Bayesian approach, which also satisfies LP, we do not ...

Giang, Phan H.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Introducing Impact Analysis for Architectural Decisions Matthias Riebisch, Sven Wohlfarth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the architectural decisions during the development and evolution of systems of this kind are frequently called are the definition of a middleware plat- form, of a database management system (DBMS) or an architectural style

Riebisch, Matthias

371

Probabilistic Modeling and Phase 2 Decision Making at the West...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Meeting December 12, 2014 To view all the P&RA CoP 2014 Technical Exchange Meeting videos click here. Video Presentation Probabilistic Modeling and Phase 2 Decision Making at...

372

Improving enterprise decision-making : the benefits of metric commonality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this research is to identify a new approach in managing, and making internal program-level decisions from, externally tracked performance metrics. Industry observations indicate the increasing challenge ...

Friedman, Alissa H. (Alissa Heather)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

The Decision Rule Approach to Optimisation under Uncertainty ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Robust Optimisation, Decision Rules, Optimisation under Uncertainty. ... in turn lead to the underperformance or complete breakdown of production processes. Yet,. 1 ...... 5: Energy Systems Engineering, M. Georgiadis, E. Kikkinides, and E.

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

374

HIERARCHY OF PRODUCTION DECISIONS Forecasts of future demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HIERARCHY OF PRODUCTION DECISIONS Forecasts of future demand Aggregate plan Master production Planning and Forecast Bias · Forecast error seldom is normally distributed · There are few finite planning

Brock, David

375

Representing Uncertainty in Decision Support Harvey J. Greenberg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, such as not knowing how much oil is underground? Is it noise, such as measurement error? Is it ambiguity, such as what defines a proven reserve? · Time scale. Is the decision a strategic one, to cover a planning horizon

Greenberg, Harvey J.

376

Establishment of Management Decisions on Office of Inspector General Reports  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The order establishes the responsibilities and requirements for Department of Energy elements to make management decisions on Office of Inspector General audits and public inspection reports. Cancels DOE O 221.3.

2008-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

377

Establishment of Management Decisions on Office of Inspector General Reports  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish the responsibilities and requirements for Department of Energy (DOE) action required to make management decisions on Office of Inspector General (OIG) audit and public inspection reports. Cancels DOE 2320.2B

2001-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

378

Statement of Secretary Steven Chu on President Obama's Decision...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

science is at the heart of decisions we make. From energy to environmental protection to health care reform, Americans will be well served by this approach. " Media contact(s):...

379

Robust Decision-Support Tools for Airport Surface Traffic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forecasts of departure demand are one of the driving inputs to tactical decision-support tools (DSTs) for airport surface traffic. While there are well-known results on average- or worst-case forecast uncertainty, it is ...

Carr, Francis R.

380

Robust decision-support tools for airport surface traffic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forecasts of departure demand are one of the driving inputs to tactical decision-support tools (DSTs) for airport surface traffic. While there are well-known results on average- or worst-case forecast uncertainty, it is ...

Carr, Francis R. (Francis Russell), 1976-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Decision-making processes in shipping acquisitions and shipbuilding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this thesis is to expand and analyze the decisions that are constantly being made by shipping companies concerning acquisition of newbuildings, the construction of newbuildings, operational aspects as well ...

Maroulis, Vasileios

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

accelerating policy decisions: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tiongson 2012-01-01 56 Web tool for energy policy decision-making through geo-localized LCA models: A focus on offshore wind farms in Northern Europe Physics Websites Summary: 1...

383

aid decision tool: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page Topic Index 121 Web tool for energy policy decision-making through geo-localized LCA models: A focus on offshore wind farms in Northern Europe Physics Websites Summary: 1...

384

Cybersecurity Games and Investments: A Decision Support Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cybersecurity Games and Investments: A Decision Support Approach Emmanouil Panaousis1 , Andrew or inefficient spending on cybersecurity. To this end, we first model the cybersecurity environment multi-objective, multi- ple choice Knapsack to determine the optimal cybersecurity investment. Our

Malacaria, Pasquale

385

A framework for decision support in systems architecting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this thesis is to provide a method and tool to leverage computational resources to empower a systems architect to reason about architectural decisions more comprehensively and effectively compared to ...

Simmons, Willard Lennox

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Traits Affecting Household Livestock Marketing Decisions in Rural Kenya  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traits Affecting Household Livestock Marketing Decisions in Rural Kenya Katherine L. Baldwin community of Central Kenya, we regressed household offtake rate of both cattle and smallstock against in Kenya. Because pastoralist economies depend almost exclusively upon livestock production, most recent

387

Nondeterministic Action and Dominance: Foundations for Planning and Qualitative Decision  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Thomason John F. Horty Intelligent Systems Program Philosophy Department and UMIACS University no role here for the reasoning about risk that is the core of decision theory. However, the need for true

Horty, John F.

388

The Energy Policy Pyramid - A Hierarchal Tool for Decision Makers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

often fail to account for all costs of fuel choices. The cost and benefit of the alternative in both an energy accounting system based on Btus (Joules) as well as pollution and other benefits must be considered. In this decade, hydrogen has been...THE ENERGY POLICY PYRAMID A HIERARCHAL TOOL FOR DECISION MAKERS ROBIN K. VIEIRA, DIRECTOR, BRD DIV. , FLORIDA SOLAR ENERGY CENTER, COCOA, FL ABSTRACT Policies of dealing with energy programs are often misdirected. Decision makers...

Vieira, R. K.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

The implications of consumer surplus levels for equitable pricing decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE IMPLICATIONS OF CONSUMER SURPLUS LEVELS POR EQUITABLE PRICING DECISIONS A Thesis by NEAL ALAN CHRISTENSEN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1989 Major Subject: Recreation and Resources Development THE IMPLICATIONS OF CONSUMER SURPLUS LEVELS FOR EQUITABLE PRICING DECISIONS A Thesis by NEAL ALAN CHRISTENSEN Approved as to style and content by: William P...

Christensen, Neal Alan

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Multi-criteria decision-making process for buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper focuses on a process designed to facilitate two key decisions early in the building design process that are critical to a building's sustainability. As vital decisions are made during the building's design, the process and accompanying tools assist the design team in prioritizing their goals, setting performance targets, and evaluating design options to ensure that the most important issues affecting building sustainability are considered.

Balcomb, J. D.; Curtner, A.

2000-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

391

An economic study of tactical crop production decisions in the Blacklands: the melding of biophysical simulation and economic decision models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Mjelde A changing economic and technical production environment has result- ed in the need for economic re-evaluation of crop production decisions in the Texas Blacklands. Lack of relevant production data is a major prob- lem in this and other... management decislon- making and the economic feasibility of corn under the complication of limited or nonexistent production data. TBE LOGIC OF DECISIOMNAKING A comprehension of the decision-making process highlights the inter- relations of problem...

Dillon, Carl R.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

392

Mentoring Human Performance - 12480  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although the positive effects of implementing a human performance approach to operations can be hard to quantify, many organizations and industry areas are finding tangible benefits to such a program. Recently, a unique mentoring program was established and implemented focusing on improving the performance of managers, supervisors, and work crews, using the principles of Human Performance Improvement (HPI). The goal of this mentoring was to affect behaviors and habits that reliably implement the principles of HPI to ensure continuous improvement in implementation of an Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) within a Conduct of Operations framework. Mentors engaged with personnel in a one-on-one, or one-on-many dialogue, which focused on what behaviors were observed, what factors underlie the behaviors, and what changes in behavior could prevent errors or events, and improve performance. A senior management sponsor was essential to gain broad management support. A clear charter and management plan describing the goals, objectives, methodology, and expected outcomes was established. Mentors were carefully selected with senior management endorsement. Mentors were assigned to projects and work teams based on the following three criteria: 1) knowledge of the work scope; 2) experience in similar project areas; and 3) perceived level of trust they would have with project management, supervision, and work teams. This program was restructured significantly when the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act (ARRA) and the associated funding came to an end. The program was restructured based on an understanding of the observations, attributed successes and identified shortfalls, and the consolidation of those lessons. Mentoring the application of proven methods for improving human performance was shown effective at increasing success in day-to-day activities and increasing confidence and level of skill of supervisors. While mentoring program effectiveness is difficult to measure, and return on investment is difficult to quantify, especially in complex and large organizations where the ability to directly correlate causal factors can be challenging, the evidence presented by Sydney Dekker, James Reason, and others who study the field of human factors does assert managing and reducing error is possible. Employment of key behaviors-HPI techniques and skills-can be shown to have a significant impact on error rates. Our mentoring program demonstrated reduced error rates and corresponding improvements in safety and production. Improved behaviors are the result, of providing a culture with consistent, clear expectations from leadership, and processes and methods applied consistently to error prevention. Mentoring, as envisioned and executed in this program, was effective in helping shift organizational culture and effectively improving safety and production. (authors)

Geis, John A.; Haugen, Christian N. [CALIBRE Systems, Inc., Alexandria, Virginia (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Power Factor Improvement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power factor control is a necessary ingredient in any successful Energy Management Program. Many companies are operating with power factors of 70% or less and are being penalized through the electrical utility bill. This paper starts by describing...

Viljoen, T. A.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Design as a Set of Design Decisions Remco C. de Boer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design as a Set of Design Decisions Remco C. de Boer ArchiXL The Netherlands Email: rdeboer is characterized by the major design decisions taken. These major design decisions tend to be quality-related. We studied the videos to identify those major design decisions. We found that each design team made one

van Vliet, Hans

395

The Ecological Society of America wwwwww..ffrroonnttiieerrssiinneeccoollooggyy..oorrgg Conservation decision making can involve irre-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, since extinction is irreversible. Accordingly, the decision to list or delist a taxon is of critical

Paiva, Paulo Cesar de

396

AN AGENT-CENTERED DECISION-ANALYTIC APPROACH TO CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

" of analytic tools centered on simulation and decision-analysis software, plus climate scenario generators. A decision-analytic framework combining traditional dimensions of risk and uncertainty with decision timeAN AGENT-CENTERED DECISION-ANALYTIC APPROACH TO CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION We fashioned a "test bed

Neff, Jason

397

Influence Diagrams as Decision-Making Tools for Pesticide Risk Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence Diagrams as Decision-Making Tools for Pesticide Risk Management John F Carriger on using decision analysis with influence diagrams (IDs) for pesticide risk management decisions. The ID risk decision making are less common. An influence diagram approach is proposed for ecological risk

Newman, Michael C.

398

Investigating the Link Between Radiologists Gaze, Diagnostic Decision, and Image Content  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Objective: To investigate machine learning for linking image content, human perception, cognition, and error in the diagnostic interpretation of mammograms. Methods: Gaze data and diagnostic decisions were collected from six radiologists who reviewed 20 screening mammograms while wearing a head-mounted eye-tracker. Texture analysis was performed in mammographic regions that attracted radiologists attention and in all abnormal regions. Machine learning algorithms were investigated to develop predictive models that link: (i) image content with gaze, (ii) image content and gaze with cognition, and (iii) image content, gaze, and cognition with diagnostic error. Both group-based and individualized models were explored. Results: By pooling the data from all radiologists machine learning produced highly accurate predictive models linking image content, gaze, cognition, and error. Merging radiologists gaze metrics and cognitive opinions with computer-extracted image features identified 59% of the radiologists diagnostic errors while confirming 96.2% of their correct diagnoses. The radiologists individual errors could be adequately predicted by modeling the behavior of their peers. However, personalized tuning appears to be beneficial in many cases to capture more accurately individual behavior. Conclusions: Machine learning algorithms combining image features with radiologists gaze data and diagnostic decisions can be effectively developed to recognize cognitive and perceptual errors associated with the diagnostic interpretation of mammograms.

Tourassi, Georgia [ORNL; Voisin, Sophie [ORNL; Paquit, Vincent C [ORNL; Krupinski, Elizabeth [University of Arizona

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Estimating the ability of birds to sustain additional human-caused mortalities using a simple decision  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, impact with vehicles, wind turbines, or power lines). In order to assess the impact of addi- tional, and in a computationally straightforward manner. While this approach has many advantages, there are limitations. The PBR of sources, such as indigenous harvest, recreational hunting, collision with man-made objects (vehicles, wind

Fletcher, David

400

Human Missions to Mars: Designing decision-support tools for a safety critical environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Whitely,I. Bogatyreva,O. Johnson,C.W. Wolff,M. Townend,M. Proceedings of the 3rd International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS) Conference, ??Building a safer space together??, International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS) Rome, Italy

Whitely, I.; Bogatyreva, O.; Johnson, C.W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Technology and Architecture: Informing Investment Decisions for the Future of Human Space Exploration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, it is not clear exactly which technologies are necessary for enabling future exploration. The process Exploration by Jonathan Alexander Battat B.S. Mechanical Engineering Columbia University, 2009 M.Sc. Space Exploration by Jonathan Alexander Battat Submitted to the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics on August

de Weck, Olivier L.

402

Modeling and Analysis of Affective Influences on Human Experience, Prediction, Decision Making, and Behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Media Arts and Sciences, on August 6, 2010, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy) and task-related confidence. I constructed a new model combining measures to evaluate risk preferences

403

Environmental Decision Making and Information Technology: Issues Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents a summary of the Information Technology and Environmental Decision Making Workshop that was held at Harvard University, October 1-3, 1998. Over sixty participants from across the US took part in discussions that focused on the current practice of using information technology to support environmental decision making and on future considerations of information technology development, information policies, and data quality issues in this area. Current practice is focusing on geographic information systems and visualization tools, Internet applications, and data warehousing. In addition, numerous organizations are developing environmental enterprise systems to integrate environmental information resources. Plaguing these efforts are issues of data quality (and public trust), system design, and organizational change. In the future, much effort needs to focus on building community-based environmental decision-making systems and processes, which will be a challenge given that exactly what needs to be developed is largely unknown and that environmental decision making in this arena has been characterized by a high level of conflict. Experimentation and evaluation are needed to contribute to efficient and effective learning about how best to use information technology to improve environmental decision making.

Barg, S.; Fletcher, T.; Mechling, J.; Tonn, B.; Turner, R.

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Soft-Decision-Driven Channel Estimation for Pipelined Turbo Receivers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider channel estimation specific to turbo equalization for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wireless communication. We develop a soft-decision-driven sequential algorithm geared to the pipelined turbo equalizer architecture operating on orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) symbols. One interesting feature of the pipelined turbo equalizer is that multiple soft-decisions become available at various processing stages. A tricky issue is that these multiple decisions from different pipeline stages have varying levels of reliability. This paper establishes an effective strategy for the channel estimator to track the target channel, while dealing with observation sets with different qualities. The resulting algorithm is basically a linear sequential estimation algorithm and, as such, is Kalman-based in nature. The main difference here, however, is that the proposed algorithm employs puncturing on observation samples to effectively deal with the inherent correlation among the multiple demappe...

Yoon, Daejung

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

A Decision Support System for Optimum Use of Fertilizers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Decision Support System for Agriculture (DSS4Ag) is an expert system being developed by the Site-Specific Technologies for Agriculture (SST4Ag) precision farming research project at the INEEL. DSS4Ag uses state-of-the-art artificial intelligence and computer science technologies to make spatially variable, site-specific, economically optimum decisions on fertilizer use. The DSS4Ag has an open architecture that allows for external input and addition of new requirements and integrates its results with existing agricultural systems infrastructures. The DSS4Ag reflects a paradigm shift in the information revolution in agriculture that is precision farming. We depict this information revolution in agriculture as an historic trend in the agricultural decision-making process.

Hoskinson, Reed Louis; Hess, John Richard; Fink, Raymond Keith

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

A Decision Support System for Optimum Use of Fertilizers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Decision Support System for Agriculture (DSS4Ag) is an expert system being developed by the Site-Specific Technologies for Agriculture (SST4Ag) precision farming research project at the INEEL. DSS4Ag uses state-of-the-art artificial intelligence and computer science technologies to make spatially variable, site-specific, economically optimum decisions on fertilizer use. The DSS4Ag has an open architecture that allows for external input and addition of new requirements and integrates its results with existing agricultural systems' infrastructures. The DSS4Ag reflects a paradigm shift in the information revolution in agriculture that is precision farming. We depict this information revolution in agriculture as an historic trend in the agricultural decision-making process.

R. L. Hoskinson; J. R. Hess; R. K. Fink

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Risk Analysis and Decision Making FY 2013 Milestone Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Risk analysis and decision making is one of the critical objectives of CCSI, which seeks to use information from science-based models with quantified uncertainty to inform decision makers who are making large capital investments. The goal of this task is to develop tools and capabilities to facilitate the development of risk models tailored for carbon capture technologies, quantify the uncertainty of model predictions, and estimate the technical and financial risks associated with the system. This effort aims to reduce costs by identifying smarter demonstrations, which could accelerate development and deployment of the technology by several years.

Engel, David W.; Dalton, Angela C.; Dale, Crystal; Jones, Edward; Thompson, J.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Familiarity and Its Impact on Consumer Decision Biases and Heuristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

decision time in her selection than is required by LF and MF decision makers. Choice Confidence The degree of confidence that the DM places on the ap propriateness of the ultimate choice is viewed as being re lated to the DM's familiarity.1 The LF DM... using Duncan's Multiple Range test. The average familiarities across groups were significantly different at the 0.05 level and in the anticipated direction. The mean perceived familiarity for the LF, MF, and HF subjects were 1.89, 3.13, and 4...

Park, C. Whan; Lessig, V. Parker

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Proceedings of the Twenty-First Water Reactor Safety Information Meeting: Volume 1, Plenary session; Advanced reactor research; advanced control system technology; advanced instrumentation and control hardware; human factors research; probabilistic risk assessment topics; thermal hydraulics; thermal hydraulic research for advanced passive LWRs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This three-volume report contains 90 papers out of the 102 that were presented at the Twenty-First Water Reactor Safety Information Meeting held at the Bethesda Marriott Hotel, Bethesda, Maryland, during the week of October 25--27, 1993. The papers are printed in the order of their presentation in each session and describe progress and results of programs in nuclear safety research conducted in this country and abroad. Foreign participation in the meeting included papers presented by researchers from France, Germany, Japan, Russia, Switzerland, Taiwan, and United Kingdom. The titles of the papers and the names of the authors have been updated and may differ from those that appeared in the final program of the meeting. Individual papers have been cataloged separately. This document, Volume 1 covers the following topics: Advanced Reactor Research; Advanced Instrumentation and Control Hardware; Advanced Control System Technology; Human Factors Research; Probabilistic Risk Assessment Topics; Thermal Hydraulics; and Thermal Hydraulic Research for Advanced Passive Light Water Reactors.

Monteleone, S. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)] [comp.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Meson electromagnetic form factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electromagnetic structure of the pseudoscalar meson nonet is completely described by the sophisticated Unitary&Analytic model, respecting all known theoretical properties of the corresponding form factors.

Stanislav Dubnicka; Anna Z. Dubnickova

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

411

LTC 1073 vacuum blasting (concrete) human factors assessment -- Baseline (summary)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The LTC 1073 Vacuum Blasting Machine uses a high capacity, direct pressure blasting system incorporating a continuous feed for the blast media. The blast media cleans the surface within the contained brush area of the blast head. A vacuum system removes dust and debris from the surfaces as it is blasted. After cleaning the surface, the abrasive, together with the rust or coating that was removed from the surface, is vacuumed into the machine through the suction hose. The dust separator contains angled steel collision pads, working with the force of gravity, to allow any reusable abrasive to fall back into the pressure vessel. The filters are manually back flushed to prevent clogging. After back flushing, dust is dumped from the dust chamber into the dust collection bag or drum by operation of the bellows valve. The safety and health evaluation during the testing demonstration focused on dust and noise exposure. Dust exposure was found to be minimal, but noise exposure was potentially significant. Further testing for each of these exposures is recommended because the outdoor environment where the testing demonstration took place may cause the results to be inapplicable to indoor settings. It is feasible that the dust and noise levels will be higher in an enclosed operating environment. Other safety and health issues found were ergonomics, heat stress, tripping hazards, lockout/tagout, and arm-hand vibration.

NONE

1997-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

412

Perception of genetic risk in sexual and reproductive decision-making (PGRID) by college students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/exclusion criteria and purling. This systematic review appears to be one of the first conducted using factors influencing genetic risk perceptions and human mate selection; to the best of my knowledge, no reviews have examined the methodological quality... examined, or purled, for additional studies of interest. Purling has been used in numerous systematic literature reviews and allows the reviewer to add studies to his or her sample that might have been missed during electronic database searches...

Honore?, Heather Helaine

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

413

Analysis of energy-efficiency investment decisions by small and medium-sized manufacturers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report highlights the results of a comprehensive analysis of investment decisions regarding energy-efficiency measures at small and medium-sized manufacturing plants. The analysis is based on the experiences of companies participating in the DOE Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) program. The IAC program is a network of university-based centers that provides energy and waste assessments to small and medium-sized manufacturing plants. The purposes of this report are to do the following: (1) Examine what the data collected reveal about patterns of implementation of recommended energy- efficiency measures, (2) Evaluate how various factors, such as the type of industry, the characteristics of the manufacturing plants, or the cost of the measures, appear to effect implementation rates, (3) Examine reasons why recommended energy-saving measures are accepted or rejected.

Woodruff, M.G.; Roop, J.M.; Seely, H.E. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Muller, M.R. [Rutgers--the State Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (United States); Jones, T.W. [Alliance to Save Energy, Washington, DC (United States); Dowd, J. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

The Quality of Our Nation's Waters Factors Affecting Public-Supply-Well  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and local information needs and decisions related to water-quality management and policy (httpThe Quality of Our Nation's Waters Factors Affecting Public-Supply-Well Vulnerability to Contamination: Understanding Observed Water Quality and Anticipating Future Water Quality National Water-Quality

415

University of Nebraska Lincoln Capital Project Planning Decision Flowchart  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

originator and CPC provides general sizing, implications, cost estimate, etc. for project. Consistency of continuing? Yes No1 Project proposal with costs estimates provided to Chancellor and Senior AdministrativeUniversity of Nebraska Lincoln Capital Project Planning Decision Flowchart 1. Program Concept 2

Farritor, Shane

416

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as a source of energy in the production of a biofuel, soil erosion might increase and fewer nutrients and lessSUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers Edited by Joan TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS PART 1: INDIVIDUAL FUEL/VEHICLE PATHWAYS PART 2 Chapter 7: Comparing Land, Water

California at Davis, University of

417

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers Edited by Joan Ogden and Lorraine Anderson #12;Institute of Transportation Studies University of California, Davis One TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS PART 3: SCENARIOS FOR A LOW-CARBON TRANSPORTATION FUTURE PART 3 Part 3: Scenarios

California at Davis, University of

418

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers Edited by Joan Ogden and Lorraine Anderson #12;Institute of Transportation Studies University of California, Davis One TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS PART 3 CHAPTER 10: OPTIMIZING THE TRANSPORTATION CLIMATE MITIGATION WEDGE Chapter

California at Davis, University of

419

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers Edited by Joan Ogden and Lorraine Anderson #12;Institute of Transportation Studies University of California, Davis One TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS CHAPTER 8: SCENARIOS FOR DEEP REDUCTIONS IN GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS PART 3

California at Davis, University of

420

CAPACITY DECISIONS WITH DEMAND FLUCTUATIONS AND CARBON LEAKAGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Palaiseau, France April 2013 Abstract For carbon-intensive, internationally-traded industrial goods, a uni be partly oset by the increase of emissions in the rest of the world. The literature on carbon leakage hasCAPACITY DECISIONS WITH DEMAND FLUCTUATIONS AND CARBON LEAKAGE Guy MEUNIER Jean-Pierre PONSSARD

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

CAPACITY DECISIONS WITH DEMAND FLUCTUATIONS AND CARBON LEAKAGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For carbon-intensive, internationally-traded industrial goods, a unilat- eral increase in the domestic CO2 be partly oset by the increase of emissions in the rest of the world. The literature on carbon leakage hasCAPACITY DECISIONS WITH DEMAND FLUCTUATIONS AND CARBON LEAKAGE Guy MEUNIER Jean-Pierre PONSSARD

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

422

Optimal Resurfacing Decisions for Road Maintenance: A POMDP Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Numerical examples have shown that our model provides a preventive maintenance policy that slows downOptimal Resurfacing Decisions for Road Maintenance: A POMDP Perspective Mariem Zouch, Thomas Yeung / IRCCyN, F-44307 NANTES Cedex, France Keywords: Road deterioration, maintenance optimization, Partially

Boyer, Edmond

423

Reliability-Based Decision Making: A Comparison of Statistical Approaches  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability-Based Decision Making: A Comparison of Statistical Approaches J. M. Aughenbaugh whose reliability is well established and a new component that has an unknown reliability. In some scenarios, the designer may have some initial beliefs about the new component's reliability. The designer

Herrmann, Jeffrey W.

424

Integration of distributed spatial data in a decision making context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integration of distributed spatial data in a decision making context Christelle Pierkot LIRMM, D deployment of communication networks has facilitated the sharing and exchange of spatial data between sites neither belong to the same organizations, but must cooperate. Spatial data is used to help user

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

425

Finding Patterns of Attrition using Decision Trees: A Preliminary Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

their programs. However, student attrition does occur, especially in the first two years of education of student retention in a post-secondary institution. Specifically, we apply the classification technique of decision tree induction. We focus on both the accuracy of classification and the identification of specific

Seldin, Jonathan P.

426

DECISION-MAKING AND ECOSYSTEM-BASED MANAGEMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

options is reviewed and applied to ecosystem-based management. The model recommends a public decision process unless developing new alternatives is not possible, in which case segmented public consultation question involves the kind of public participation strategy to use. For ecosystem-based management to reach

Lawrence, Rick L.

427

Transportation Center Seminar "Electric Vehicle Recharging: Decision Support  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transportation Center Seminar "Electric Vehicle Recharging: Decision Support Tools for Drivers Conference Center Refreshments available at 3:30 pm Abstract: Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) have become a practical and affordable alternative in recent years to conventional gasoline-powered vehicles

Bustamante, Fabián E.

428

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers Edited by Joan SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS PART 4: POLICY AND SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION Part 4: Policy and pollutants such as aerosols and black carbon. Third, more #12;250 SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS

California at Davis, University of

429

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers Edited by Joan, batteries, and ultracapacitors. Andrew #12;316 SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS AUTHORS://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/>. For information on commercial licensing, contact copyright@ucdavis.edu. #12;315 SUSTAINABLE

California at Davis, University of

430

Decision-directed materials-accounting procedures: an overview  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With materials balances taken at intervals, methods for treating materials balance data and their use by safeguards decision-making are relatively straightforward. The emphasis on accounting in which balances may be drawn on a daily or weekly basis, raises anew questions in these two areas: (1) what is the most effective means of extracting the maximum amount of information; and (2) how should safeguards decision-makers use the results, and what impact does the decision process have on the analysis techniques. These questions lead to considering combinations of materials balances, which exposes a whole new set of concerns. For example, we must select the most appropriate combinations, which implies some consideration of possible diversion scenarios, such as abrupt or protracted. Control of the overall false-alarm rate is an important requisite of the composite procedure. Significant work has been done on loss estimators, but their role in the materials accounting decision process has only begun to be examined. Current criteria may require periodic statements with respect to materials loss; the analysis procedures must be structured to provide such information. This paper presents an overview of the current technology. Questions still to be answered are pointed out.

Shipley, J.P.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

On the Adaptive Properties of Decision Trees Clayton Scott  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'' data dimension. Feature Rejection: If certain features are irrelevant (i.e., independent of the classOn the Adaptive Properties of Decision Trees Clayton Scott Statistics Department Rice University for Z, and let # P n be the empirical estimate of PZ based on Z n : # P n (B) = (1/n) # n i=1 I {Z i #B

Scott, Clayton

432

On the Adaptive Properties of Decision Trees Clayton Scott  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dimension. Feature Rejection: If certain features are irrelevant (i.e., independent of the class labelsOn the Adaptive Properties of Decision Trees Clayton Scott Statistics Department Rice University, and let Pn be the empirical estimate of PZ based on Zn : Pn(B) = (1/n) n i=1 I{ZiB}, B Z, where I denotes

Scott, Clayton

433

Spectral Decision Diagrams Using Graph Transformations Mitchell Thornton Rolf Drechsler  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spectral Decision Diagrams Using Graph Transformations #3; Mitchell Thornton Rolf Drechsler Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Siemens AG Mississippi State University Corporate Technology Mississippi State, MS 39762 81730 Munich, Germany mitch@ece.msstate.edu rolf.drechsler@mchp.siemens

Thornton, Mitchell

434

Tn) TTCQZ /US Ris-R-676(EN) Decision Conferencing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a Large Nuclear Accident Report of an Exercise by the BER-3 ofthe NKS BER Programme Simon French, Ole Conferencing »»MWO on Countermeasures after a Large Nuclear Accident Report ofan Exercise by the BER-3 ofthe that arise in decisions in the aftermath of a major nuclear accident. 2. To identify issues which need

435

DECISION-THEORETIC ELICITATION OF GENERALIZED ADDITIVE UTILITIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DECISION-THEORETIC ELICITATION OF GENERALIZED ADDITIVE UTILITIES by Darius Brazi¯unas A thesis-theoretic elicitation of generalized additive utilities Darius Brazi¯unas Doctor of Philosophy Graduate Department outcomes that can be represented by a utility function. We assume that user preferences are generalized

Toronto, University of

436

Helping Utilities Make Smart Solar Decisions Utility Barriers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Helping Utilities Make Smart Solar Decisions Utility Barriers Key issues facing deployment of utility-scale solar PV plants. Sandra Burton Regional Director March 8 ­ 9, 2011 Brookhaven National Lab #12;About SEPA Developed by utilities to facilitate the integration of solar electric power. SEPA

Homes, Christopher C.

437

Decision Analytic Modelling in the Economic Evaluation of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Decision Analytic Modelling in the Economic Evaluation of Health Technologies A Consensus Statement when used for the economic evaluation of health technologies; there is limited guidanceforgoodmodelling developed in the context of broader healthcare and economic evaluations, for which ex- plicit guidelines

Oakley, Jeremy

438

Global Tree Optimization: A Nongreedy Decision Tree Algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ tional experience is reported. 1 Introduction Global Tree Optimization (GTO) is a new approach between this work and prior decision tree algorithms (e.g. CART [5] and ID3 [10]) is that GTO is non. This process is started at the root and repeated recursively until all or almost all of the points

Varela, Carlos

439

LNG, Public Opinion and Decision-making: Conflict in Oregon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LNG, Public Opinion and Decision-making: Conflict in Oregon Lisa MB Harrington Kansas State University #12;2 LNG · Liquified Natural Gas · Natural gas condensed into a liquid by cooling to about -163º;· LNG is considered cleaner than coal and petroleum- based fuels, but development also poses issues

Scott, Christopher

440

Compressive Video Classification for Decision Systems with Limited Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the introduction of efficient computational models is video classification. With the advent of digital TVCompressive Video Classification for Decision Systems with Limited Resources George Tzagkarakis, Pavlos Charalampidis, Grigorios Tsagkatakis, Jean-Luc Starck, and Panagiotis Tsakalides Commissariat `a l'´Energie

Tsakalides, Panagiotis

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Pricing Decisions during Inter-generational Product Transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the transition will not arrive before the transition ends. Therefore, the managers have little chance to correctPricing Decisions during Inter-generational Product Transition November 2007, revised November 2008 Hongmin Li W.P. Carey School of Business, Arizona State University Department of Supply Chain Management P

Graves, Stephen C.

442

Hierarchical Decision Tree Induction in Distributed Genomic Databases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. INTRODUCTION The analysis of large databases requires automation. Data mining tools have been shown mining tools are extremely useful for the analysis of genomic data as well [26]. Since the number on diseases, response to treatment, and the risk of side effects [23]. Providing efficient decision tree

Schuster, Assaf

443

GLIDES PROJECT GuideLines Into DEcision Support  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GLIDES PROJECT GuideLines Into DEcision Support sponsored by The Agency for Healthcare Research;Topics · GLIDES 4-level "stack" ­ NarraAve guideline with quality, implementabilityLon, and local coding/linking ­ To Formal Quality Measure via QDM, eMeasure · BRIDGE

Lee, Daeyeol

444

Making Replant Decisions in Cotton SCS-2007-08  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Making Replant Decisions in Cotton SCS-2007-08 Extension AgronomyExtension Agronomy Department Agronomist ­ Cotton Lubbock, TX Dr. Robert Lemon Texas Cooperative Extension Agronomist ­ Cotton College phase of cotton production. Cool temperatures, excessive moisture, hard, packing rains, wind and sand

Mukhtar, Saqib

445

Learning and Value Function Approximation in Complex Decision Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY June 1998 c of Doctor of Philosophy Abstract In principle, a wide variety of sequential decision problems ranging from dynamic resource allocation in telecommunication networks to nancial risk management can be formulated

Van Roy, Ben

446

The simulation model Porsim Decision aid in pig production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The simulation model « Porsim » Decision aid in pig production O. TEFFENE Y. SALA?N LT.P., Domaine de la Motte-au- Vicomte, B.P. 3, 35650 Le Rheu France A pig production simulation model (Porsim

Boyer, Edmond

447

KNOWLEDGE-BASED DECISION SUPPORT IN OIL WELL DRILLING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for capturing and reusing experience and best practice in industrial operations5-7 . CBR as a technology has nowKNOWLEDGE-BASED DECISION SUPPORT IN OIL WELL DRILLING Combining general and case-specific knowledge of Computer and Information Science. agnar.aamodt@idi.ntnu.no Abstract: Oil well drilling is a complex process

Aamodt, Agnar

448

Biomedical Image Classification with Random Subwindows and Decision Trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomedical Image Classification with Random Subwindows and Decision Trees Rapha¨el Mar´ee, Pierre a problem of biomedical image classification that involves the automatic classification of x-ray images in terms of subwindow relevance. 1 Introduction International Workshop on Computer Vision for Biomedical

Wehenkel, Louis

449

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 8): California Gulch, Operable Unit 3, Leadville, CO, May 6, 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This decision document presents the Selected Remedy for stockpiled fine slag at the Arkansas Valley smelter slag pile of Operable Unit 3 within the California Gulch Superfund Site in Leadville, Colorado. The Selected Remedy is the No Action Alternative, which was presented in the Final Stockpiled Fine Slag Feasibility Study Report (FS). For the stockpiled fine slag, the Selected Remedy leaves the slag piles in their existing condition with no remediation, engineering controls, long term maintenance, or clean up planned. The Selected Remedy is protective of human health and the environment, and is considered effective because (1) no complete human or ecological exposure pathways were identified for the stockpiled fine slag and (2) the potential for release of metals in leachate from the stockpiled fine slag is minimal. The Selected Remedy provides a contingency for resource utilization, which may be undertaken in the future if regional market demand exists for the material.

Not Available

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 8): Anaconda Company Smelter (ARWW and S) Operable Unit, Anaconda, MT, September 29, 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), with the concurrence of the State of Montana Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ), presents this Record of Decision (ROD) for the Anaconda Regional Water, Waste, and Soils (ARWW and S) Operable Unit (OU) of the Anaconda Smelter National Priorities List (NPL) Site. The ROD is based on the Administrative Record for the ARWW and S OU, including three Remedial Investigations (RIs) and five Feasibility Study (FS) Deliverables, human health and ecological risk assessments, the Proposed Plan, the public comments received, including those from the potentially responsible party (PRP), and EPA responses. The ROD presents a brief summary of the RIs and FS Deliverables, actual and potential risks to human health and the environment, and the Selected Remedy. EPA followed the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), as amended, the National Contingency Plan (NCP), and appropriate guidance in preparation of the ROD.

NONE

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Revised process for work zone decision-making based on quantitative performance measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

importantly, the revised decision-making process incorporates a feedback loop. Quantitative data collected in work zones is analyzed after the work zone is complete, to determine the impacts specific decisions had on mobility in the work zone. The lessons...

Hartmann, Thomas Wayne

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

452

The Design of an IEP Decision Aid: A Tool for Diverse Parents of Children with Autism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Decision-making is a universal process that occurs constantly in life. Parent participation in educational decision-making is recognized as important by special education law, by special education and school psychology ...

Schuttler, Jessica Oeth

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

453

The development and testing of a nonconsequentialist decision-making model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the current study had participants discuss the "biggest" decision they are currently facing in their lives. Data was collected regarding indecisiveness, nonconsequentialist dysfunctional decisional coping behavior, and decision difficulty. The findings show...

Elaydi, Raed Saber

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

454

An experimental test of the poliheuristic theory of foreign policy decision making using military leaders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a study in foreign policy decision making which assesses the impact of dynamic choice sets (where new alternatives appear during the decision process), on strategy selection and choice in international politics. The hypotheses tested involve...

Carnes, Amy Elizabeth

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

455

Agribusiness Faculty Members Perceptions of Importance and Inclusion of Decision Science Topics in Undergraduate Agribusiness Curricula  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agribusiness degree programs train managers to make decisions in complex business environments. Curriculum designers generally look to the offerings of peer institutions for guidance. Decision science (DS) topics are important parts...

Wolfskill, Lawrence Arthur

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

456

action-based decision making: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6, UPM Decision Making in MAS, March 2007 2344 12;About this lecture This course Zachmann, Gabriel 3 How brains make decisions Quantum Physics (arXiv) Summary: This chapter,...

457

16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

Williams, Brian C.

458

16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

Williams, Brian

459

UNCG Technology Decision-Making Processes Information Technology Services (ITS), 10/31/2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNCG Technology Decision-Making Processes Information Technology Services Technology Services & Chief Information Officer reports to the Chancellor, & all. · University Policy-making and Major Campus-wide Technology Decisions · IT Governance

Saidak, Filip

460

VWA-0015- Deputy Secretary Decision- In the Matter of Am-Pro Protective Services, Inc.  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Barry Stutts, Complainant v. Am-Pro Protective Agency, Inc., Respondent, OHA Case No. VWA-0015 DECISION DENYING REVIEW OF INITIAL AGENCY DECISION This is a request for review by Complainant Barry...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Delegation in Tourism Decision Making: Toward an Understanding of the Role of Social Surrogate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

components of decision delegation. A second model revealed that high purchase involvement, desire to control others, relinquishing control, and propensity to make risky decisions led to the desire to choose. A desire to relinquish control led to deferring...

Stone, Matthew John

2014-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

462

Compact parametric models for efficient sequential decision making in high-dimensional, uncertain domains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within artificial intelligence and robotics there is considerable interest in how a single agent can autonomously make sequential decisions in large, high-dimensional, uncertain domains. This thesis presents decision-making ...

Brunskill, Emma Patricia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Loosely Annotated Bibiolography: recommended by Applied Environmental Decision Analysis researchers (June-July 2011) and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Loosely Annotated Bibiolography: recommended by Applied Environmental Decision Analysis researchers-structured models are even more likely to collapse. Risks and decisions for conservation and environmental management (Burgman and Possingham 2000) Population Viability Analysis (PVA) is a useful tool

464

Loosely Annotated Bibiolography: recommended by Applied Environmental Decision Analysis researchers (June-July 2011)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Loosely Annotated Bibiolography: recommended by Applied Environmental Decision Analysis researchers to collapse. Risks and decisions for conservation and environmental management (Burgman and Possingham 2000) Population Viability Analysis (PVA) is a useful tool for conservation planning and population management

465

Decision Theory Up to this point most of our discussion has been about epistemology. But  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

farther into the philosophy of decision theory, as well as the concepts we will need for discussions later kinds of risk-aversion (especially the Allais Paradox), and with Newcomb's Problem. Causal Decision

Fitelson, Branden

466

FGF growth factor analogs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a fibroblast growth factor heparin-binding analog of the formula: ##STR00001## where R.sub.1, R.sub.2, R.sub.3, R.sub.4, R.sub.5, X, Y and Z are as defined, pharmaceutical compositions, coating compositions and medical devices including the fibroblast growth factor heparin-binding analog of the foregoing formula, and methods and uses thereof.

Zamora, Paul O. (Gaithersburg, MD); Pena, Louis A. (Poquott, NY); Lin, Xinhua (Plainview, NY); Takahashi, Kazuyuki (Germantown, MD)

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

467

The distortion of cognitive distance in outdoor recreation travel decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

While many studies have looked at the effect of various factors on cognitive distance, interactional effects of two or more factors have not been examined. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of information exposure...

Chang, Yu-Min

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

E-Print Network 3.0 - algorithmic decision optimization Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

numerical optimization, SQP filter algorithms... decisions, and the numerical simulation and optimization methods used for solving the problem. The paper... ....

469

Domestic Audiences, Policy Feedback, and Sequential Decisions During Military Interventions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interventions. (December 2009) Douglas Walter Kuberski, B.A., University of Nebraska, M.A., University of Akron Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Nehemia Geva The literature on escalation situations and audience costs suggests that democratic executives... approach and present a model of sequential decision-making that explains the conditions under which leaders escalate and de-escalate commitment in response to feedback. I attempt to break down the audience cost mechanism to explain why democratic...

Kuberski, Douglas Walter

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

470

Online Produced Water Treatment Catalog and Decision Tool  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to create an internet-based Water Treatment Technology Catalog and Decision Tool that will increase production, decrease costs and enhance environmental protection. This is to be accomplished by pairing an operator's water treatment cost and capacity needs to specific water treatments. This project cataloged existing and emerging produced water treatment technologies and allows operators to identify the most cost-effective approaches for managing their produced water. The tool captures the cost and capabilities of each technology and the disposal and beneficial use options for each region. The tool then takes location, chemical composition, and volumetric data for the operator's water and identifies the most cost effective treatment options for that water. Regulatory requirements or limitations for each location are also addressed. The Produced Water Treatment Catalog and Decision Tool efficiently matches industry decision makers in unconventional natural gas basins with: 1) appropriate and applicable water treatment technologies for their project, 2) relevant information on regulatory and legal issues that may impact the success of their project, and 3) potential beneficial use demands specific to their project area. To ensure the success of this project, it was segmented into seven tasks conducted in three phases over a three year period. The tasks were overseen by a Project Advisory Council (PAC) made up of stakeholders including state and federal agency representatives and industry representatives. ALL Consulting has made the catalog and decision tool available on the Internet for the final year of the project. The second quarter of the second budget period, work was halted based on the February 18, 2011 budget availability; however previous project deliverables were submitted on time and the deliverables for Task 6 and 7 were completed ahead of schedule. Thus the application and catalog were deployed to the public Internet. NETL did not provide additional funds and work on the project stopped on February 18, 2011. NETL ended the project on March 31, 2012.

J. Arthur

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

471

A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR SOIL PRODUCTIVITY AND EROSION POLK COUNTY, NEBRASKA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR SOIL PRODUCTIVITY AND EROSION IN POLK COUNTY, NEBRASKA A.E. Gadem1-based decision-support systems are powerful, new tools for assessing inherent soil productivity and potential conservation strategies to reduce soil-loss in areas with high potential erosion rates. These decision support

Reichenbach, Stephen E.

472

weber, evans, moser, and newell Air Traffic Management Decision Support During Convective Weather  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· weber, evans, moser, and newell Air Traffic Management Decision Support During Convective WeatherTraffic Management Decision Support During Convective Weather Mark E. Weber, James E. Evans, William R. Moser algorithm. #12;· weber, evans, moser, and newell Air Traffic Management Decision Support During Convective

Reuter, Martin

473

REVIEW ARTICLE Models to support cropping plan and crop rotation decisions.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. To support farmers and efficiently allocate scarce resources, decision support models are developed. DecisionREVIEW ARTICLE Models to support cropping plan and crop rotation decisions. A review Jérôme Dury /Published online: 8 July 2011 # INRA and Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011 Abstract Farmers must

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

474

Soft-Decision-and-Forward Protocol for Cooperative Communication Networks Based on Alamouti Code  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

protocol called soft-decision-and- forward (SDF) is introduced. SDF protocol exploits the soft decision with low decoding complexity are proposed. From simulations, it can be seen that SDF protocol outperforms protocol called soft-decision- and-forward (SDF) is introduced. Unlike AF and DF protocols, SDF protocol

No, Jong-Seon

475

Classification Based Mode Decisions for Video over Networks Deepak S. Turaga and Tsuhan Chen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

classification based approach to making such mode decisions accurately and efficiently. We first illustrateClassification Based Mode Decisions for Video over Networks Deepak S. Turaga and Tsuhan Chen Engineering Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Inter-Intra Decision Regions mrMAD Energy 0 10 20

Chen, Tsuhan

476

Decision Making for a Sustainable Chemical Process Xun Jin and Karen A. High  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Decision Making for a Sustainable Chemical Process Xun Jin and Karen A. High School of Chemical-744-5280, Fax:405-744-6338 xun.jin@okstate.edu, high@okstate.edu ABSTRACT Decision-making for sustainability condition and various techniques. The different features in characterizing sustainability oriented decision

High, Karen

477

Are Peasants Risk-Averse Decision joseph henrich and richard mcelreath  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

actually results from ra- tional cost benefit analysis in which individuals make risk-averse decisions views of risk-averse decision making may not be the best theoretical tools for understanding "peasant172 Reports Are Peasants Risk-Averse Decision Makers?1 joseph henrich and richard mcelreath

McElreath, Richard

478

Human Centric Data Fusion in Vehicular Cyber-Physical Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- cially when we examine how the driver benefits from the existing and proposed technologies that are not delivered within a specific time are useless, if not misleading. Human Factors (HF) research examines how

Wu, Changxu (Sean)

479

The SACADA database for human reliability and human performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lack of appropriate and sufficient human performance data has been identified as a key factor affecting human reliability analysis (HRA) quality especially in the estimation of human error probability (HEP). The Scenario Authoring, Characterization, and Debriefing Application (SACADA) database was developed by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to address this data need. An agreement between NRC and the South Texas Project Nuclear Operating Company (STPNOC) was established to support the SACADA development with aims to make the SACADA tool suitable for implementation in the nuclear power plants' operator training program to collect operator performance information. The collected data would support the STPNOC's operator training program and be shared with the NRC for improving HRA quality. This paper discusses the SACADA data taxonomy, the theoretical foundation, the prospective data to be generated from the SACADA raw data to inform human reliability and human performance, and the considerations on the use of simulator data for HRA. Each SACADA data point consists of two information segments: context and performance results. Context is a characterization of the performance challenges to task success. The performance results are the results of performing the task. The data taxonomy uses a macrocognitive functions model for the framework. At a high level, information is classified according to the macrocognitive functions of detecting the plant abnormality, understanding the abnormality, deciding the response plan, executing the response plan, and team related aspects (i.e., communication, teamwork, and supervision). The data are expected to be useful for analyzing the relations between context, error modes and error causes in human performance.

Y. James Chang; Dennis Bley; Lawrence Criscione; Barry Kirwan; Ali Mosleh; Todd Madary; Rodney Nowell; Robert Richards; Emilie M. Roth; Scott Sieben; Antonios Zoulis

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Record of Decision for Tank Farm Soil and INTEC Groundwater, Operable Unit 3-14  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This decision document presents the selected remedy for Operable Unit (OU) 3-14 tank farm soil and groundwater at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC), which is located on the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Site. The tank farm was initially evaluated in the OU 3-13 Record of Decision (ROD), and it was determined that additional information was needed to make a final decision. Additional information has been obtained on the nature and extent of contamination in the tank farm and on the impact to groundwater. The selected remedy was chosen in accordance with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Liability and Compensation Act of 1980 (CERCLA) (42 USC 9601 et seq.), as amended by the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-499) and the National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (40 CFR 300). The selected remedy is intended to be the final action for tank farm soil and groundwater at INTEC. The response action selected in this ROD is necessary to protect the public health, welfare, or the environment from actual or threatened releases of hazardous substances into the environment. Such a release or threat of release may present an imminent and substantial endangerment to public health, welfare, or the environment. The remedial actions selected in this ROD are designed to reduce the potential threats to human health and the environment to acceptable levels. In addition, DOE-ID, EPA, and DEQ (the Agencies) have determined that no action is necessary under CERCLA to protect public health, welfare, or the environment at 16 sites located outside the tank farm boundary. The purposes of the selected remedy are to (1) contain contaminated soil as the radionuclides decay in place, (2) isolate current and future workers and biological receptors from contact with contaminated soil, and (3) restore the portion of Snake River Plain Aquifer contaminated by INTEC releases to Idaho Ground Water Quality standards (same as maximum contaminant levels) by reducing water infiltration through strontium-90 contaminated perched water and interbeds. In addition, the remedy will prevent future drinking water wells from being drilled into the contaminated portion of the aquifer that is in and near the INTEC facility until such time as the water is restored to maximum contaminant levels or below.

L. S. Cahn

2007-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human factors decision" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

North Slope Decision Support for Water Resource Planning and Management  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to enhance the water resource decision-making process with respect to oil and gas exploration/production activities on Alaskas North Slope. To this end, a web-based software tool was developed to allow stakeholders to assemble, evaluate, and communicate relevant information between and amongst themselves. The software, termed North Slope Decision Support System (NSDSS), is a visually-referenced database that provides a platform for running complex natural system, planning, and optimization models. The NSDSS design was based upon community input garnered during a series of stakeholder workshops, and the end product software is freely available to all stakeholders via the project website. The tool now resides on servers hosted by the UAF Water and Environmental Research Center, and will remain accessible and free-of-charge for all interested stakeholders. The development of the tool fostered new advances in the area of data evaluation and decision support technologies, and the finished product is envisioned to enhance water resource planning activities on Alaskas North Slope.

Schnabel, William; Brumbelow, Kelly

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

482

Multi-factor authentication  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Detection and deterrence of spoofing of user authentication may be achieved by including a cryptographic fingerprint unit within a hardware device for authenticating a user of the hardware device. The cryptographic fingerprint unit includes an internal physically unclonable function ("PUF") circuit disposed in or on the hardware device, which generates a PUF value. Combining logic is coupled to receive the PUF value, combines the PUF value with one or more other authentication factors to generate a multi-factor authentication value. A key generator is coupled to generate a private key and a public key based on the multi-factor authentication value while a decryptor is coupled to receive an authentication challenge posed to the hardware device and encrypted with the public key and coupled to output a response to the authentication challenge decrypted with the private key.

Hamlet, Jason R; Pierson, Lyndon G

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

483

System and method for integrating hazard-based decision making tools and processes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method for inputting, analyzing, and disseminating information necessary for identified decision-makers to respond to emergency situations. This system and method provides consistency and integration among multiple groups, and may be used for both initial consequence-based decisions and follow-on consequence-based decisions. The system and method in a preferred embodiment also provides tools for accessing and manipulating information that are appropriate for each decision-maker, in order to achieve more reasoned and timely consequence-based decisions. The invention includes processes for designing and implementing a system or method for responding to emergency situations.

Hodgin, C. Reed (Westminster, CO)

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

484

Predicted Solution Structure of Zymogen Human Coagulation FVII  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the complete tissue factor-free calcium ion-bound human zymogen FVII (residues 1­406) (FVII) has been-ray crystallographic structure of human coagulation FVIIa/TF complex bound with calcium ions (Banner et al., Nature of interactions regulated by positive and negative feedback loops. In the "initiation stage" in the extrinsic

Perera, Lalith

485

Cognitive Science (Humanities)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cognitive Science (Humanities) The University of Edinburgh College of Humanities and Social Science: Cognitive Science (Humanities) BSc Honours in: Cognitive Science Please see separate information sheets the disciplines that contribute to the study of human cognition. The Cognitive Science programme at Edinburgh

Schnaufer, Achim

486

Culture Representation in Human Reliability Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding human-system response is critical to being able to plan and predict mission success in the modern battlespace. Commonly, human reliability analysis has been used to predict failures of human performance in complex, critical systems. However, most human reliability methods fail to take culture into account. This paper takes an easily understood state of the art human reliability analysis method and extends that method to account for the influence of culture, including acceptance of new technology, upon performance. The cultural parameters used to modify the human reliability analysis were determined from two standard industry approaches to cultural assessment: Hofstedes (1991) cultural factors and Davis (1989) technology acceptance model (TAM). The result is called the Culture Adjustment Method (CAM). An example is presented that (1) reviews human reliability assessment with and without cultural attributes for a Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system attack, (2) demonstrates how country specific information can be used to increase the realism of HRA modeling, and (3) discusses the differences in human error probability estimates arising from cultural differences.

David Gertman; Julie Marble; Steven Novack

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Extended abstract for Workshop on Human Error and Systems Development 1 Human Factors in Requirements Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Requirements Engineering Stephen Viller1, John Bowers2, Tom Rodden3 viller@comp.lancs.ac.uk, bowers@hera.psy.man.ac.uk, tom@comp.lancs.ac.uk 1,3 Computing Department 2 Department of Psychology Lancaster University

488

Factors Affecting Photosynthesis!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Factors Affecting Photosynthesis! Temperature Eppley (1972) Light Sverdrup's Critical Depth-493, but the general concept is still valid! ! #12;PB opt & Temperature! #12;Photosynthesis & Temperature! Remember: in the laboratory, we can measure photosynthesis versus irradiance (PvsE) and calculate Ek, Pmax, and alpha

Kudela, Raphael M.

489

Public Health FAT FACTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: THE UNITED STATES SPENDS MORE ON HEALTH CARE THAN ANY OTHER COUNTRY. YET WE CONTINUE TO FALL FAR BEHIND States spends an astonishing percent of our gross domestic product on health care--significantly moreColumbia Public Health HOT TOPIC Climate Change FAT FACTORS Obesity Prevention BOOK SMART

Qian, Ning

490

Needs for Risk Informing Environmental Cleanup Decision Making - 13613  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the needs for risk informing decision making by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM). The mission of the DOE EM is to complete the safe cleanup of the environmental legacy brought about from the nation's five decades of nuclear weapons development and production and nuclear energy research. This work represents some of the most technically challenging and complex cleanup efforts in the world and is projected to require the investment of billions of dollars and several decades to complete. Quantitative assessments of health and environmental risks play an important role in work prioritization and cleanup decisions of these challenging environmental cleanup and closure projects. The risk assessments often involve evaluation of performance of integrated engineered barriers and natural systems over a period of hundreds to thousands of years, when subject to complex geo-environmental transformation processes resulting from remediation and disposal actions. The requirement of resource investments for the cleanup efforts and the associated technical challenges have subjected the EM program to continuous scrutiny by oversight entities. Recent DOE reviews recommended application of a risk-informed approach throughout the EM complex for improved targeting of resources. The idea behind this recommendation is that by using risk-informed approaches to prioritize work scope, the available resources can be best utilized to reduce environmental and health risks across the EM complex, while maintaining the momentum of the overall EM cleanup program at a sustainable level. In response to these recommendations, EM is re-examining its work portfolio and key decision making with risk insights for the major sites. This paper summarizes the review findings and recommendations from the DOE internal reviews, discusses the needs for risk informing the EM portfolio and makes an attempt to identify topics for R and D in integrated risk assessment that could assist in the EM prioritization efforts. (authors)

Zhu, Ming; Moorer, Richard [U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC 20585 (United States)] [U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC 20585 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

EIS-0312: Record of Decision (2012) | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealingVehicle1: Draft Environmentalof6:2: Record of Decision

492

EIS-0391: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealingVehicle1: Draft Environmentalof6:2:Record of Decision

493

EIS-0426: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealingVehicle1: Draft6: Record of Decision EIS-0426: Record of

494

EIS-0427: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealingVehicle1: Draft6: Record of Decision EIS-0426: Record of7:

495

EIS-0439: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealingVehicle1: Draft6: Record of Decision EIS-0426:5:Record of

496

EIS-0440: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealingVehicle1: Draft6: Record of Decision EIS-0426:5:Record of0:

497

EIS-0447: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealingVehicle1: Draft6: Record of DecisionConduct Public

498

EIS-0451: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealingVehicle1: Draft6: Record of DecisionConductRecord of

499

EIS-0460: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealingVehicle1: Draft6: Record ofEnvironmentalRecord of Decision

500

EIS-0464: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealingVehicle1: Draft6: RecordRecord of Decision EIS-0464: Record