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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Simulation of human decision making  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for computer emulation of human decision making defines a plurality of concepts related to a domain and a plurality of situations related to the domain, where each situation is a combination of at least two of the concepts. Each concept and situation is represented in the computer as an oscillator output, and each situation and concept oscillator output is distinguishable from all other oscillator outputs. Information is input to the computer representative of detected concepts, and the computer compares the detected concepts with the stored situations to determine if a situation has occurred.

Forsythe, J. Chris (Sandia Park, NM); Speed, Ann E. (Albuquerque, NM); Jordan, Sabina E. (Albuquerque, NM); Xavier, Patrick G. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

2

Modeling and analysis of affective influences on human experience, prediction, decision making, and behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Subjective and affective elements are well-known to influence human decision making. This dissertation presents a theoretical and empirical framework on how human decision makers' subjective experience and affective ...

Ahn, Hyungil, 1976-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Decision-Making Authority, Team Efficiency and Human Worker Satisfaction in Mixed Human-Robot Teams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decision-Making Authority, Team Efficiency and Human Worker Satisfaction in Mixed Human-Robot Teams@csail.mit.edu Abstract-- In manufacturing, advanced robotic technology has opened up the possibility of integrating highly autonomous mobile robots into human teams. However, with this capability comes the issue of how

Reif, Rafael

4

A naturalistic decision making model for simulated human combatants  

SciTech Connect

The authors describe a naturalistic behavioral model for the simulation of small unit combat. This model, Klein's recognition-primed decision making (RPD) model, is driven by situational awareness rather than a rational process of selecting from a set of action options. They argue that simulated combatants modeled with RPD will have more flexible and realistic responses to a broad range of small-scale combat scenarios. Furthermore, they note that the predictability of a simulation using an RPD framework can be easily controlled to provide multiple evaluations of a given combat scenario. Finally, they discuss computational issues for building an RPD-based behavior engine for fully automated combatants in small conflict scenarios, which are being investigated within Sandia's Next Generation Site Security project.

HUNTER,KEITH O.; HART,WILLIAM E.; FORSYTHE,JAMES C.

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Metacognition in human decision-making: confidence and error monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...some 20 cm away. This design allowed the researchers...information in the processing pipeline drives the DV across...detected as successive crossings of decision boundaries...31,32] or as double crossings of a single decision...paths at a fork in the road. However, most of our...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

How brains make decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This chapter, dedicated to the memory of Mino Freund, summarizes the Quantum Decision Theory (QDT) that we have developed in a series of publications since 2008. We formulate a general mathematical scheme of how decisions are taken, using the point of view of psychological and cognitive sciences, without touching physiological aspects. The basic principles of how intelligence acts are discussed. The human brain processes involved in decisions are argued to be principally different from straightforward computer operations. The difference lies in the conscious-subconscious duality of the decision making process and the role of emotions that compete with utility optimization. The most general approach for characterizing the process of decision making, taking into account the conscious-subconscious duality, uses the framework of functional analysis in Hilbert spaces, similarly to that used in the quantum theory of measurements. This does not imply that the brain is a quantum system, but just allows for the simple...

Yukalov, V I

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Simulation Supported Decision Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.S. Navy Nuclear Program · Decades of dynamic operations of hundreds of nuclear power plants withoutSimulation Supported Decision Making Gene Allen Naval Surface Warfare Center Carderock Division SI: TO PASS ON WHAT I KNOW on SIMULATION · CAREER FOCUS: HOW TO USE COMPUTERS TO DO HELP MAKE BETTER DECISIONS

8

Three essays in decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation is composed of three essays about consumer judgment and decision making. In Essay 1, I develop a novel explanation for the well-known endowment effect - the tendency for owners to value goods more than ...

Weaver, Ray, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Contributions to risk-informed decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Risk-informed decision-making (RIDM) is a formal process that assists stakeholders make decisions in the face of uncertainty. At MIT, a tool known as the Analytic Deliberative Decision Making Process (ADP) has been under ...

Elliott, Michael A. (Michael Alfred)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Participation in crisis decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that included: departmental secretaries, under secretaries, military officers, and presidential staff. Actions that these indi- viduals pursued that were classified as participation in crisis decision making included: meeting attendance, presenting policy... positions, presenting alternative courses of action, and informing other decision makers of the nature oi a crisis. The data suggest that various patterns of participation occur in different types of crises, and that actors may tend to participate more...

Marsico, Dale Joseph

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Interactions between learning and decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We quantify the effects of learning and decision making on each other in three parts. In the first part, we look at how knowledge about decision making can influence learning. Let the decision cost be the amount spent by ...

Tulabandhula, Theja

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Investigating online decision-making styles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As one of the factors influencing consumers purchase behavior, decision-making styles are crucial for understanding consumer shopping behavior and for developing successful marketing strategies. Decision-making styles have been mainly viewed as a...

Park, Young A

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

13

Decision Making, Movement Planning,1 and Statistical Decision Theory2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decision Making, Movement Planning,1 and Statistical Decision Theory2 3 4 Julia Trommershäuser1 decision theory, expected utility theory35 #12;2 36 Abstract37 We discuss behavioral studies directed the behavioral39 tasks in the language of statistical decision theory, we can compare performance in40 equivalent

Maloney, Laurence T.

14

Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making: An Overview and Future Course  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making: An Overview and Future Course Mica R. Endsley SA Technologies Robert Hoffman Institute for Human-Machine Cognition David Kaber North Carolina State University Emilie Roth Roth Cognitive Engineering ABSTRACT: The field of cognitive engineering and decision making

Kaber, David B.

15

November 2009 Can Intuitive Decision Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ramifications for educational, personal, medical, and organizational decision-making; personnel selection and assessment; team dynamics; training; and organizational development. Some evidence suggests that individuals, in the decisions of firefighters, military commanders, emergency room surgeons, and corporate executives operating

McShea, Daniel W.

16

Tank Farm Area Cleanup Decision-Making  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Area Cleanup Decision-Making Groundwater Vadose Zone Single Shell Tank System Closure (tanks, structures and pipelines) * Washington State Hazardous Waste Management Act (Resource...

17

Advanced Review Judgment and decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and social factors that shape and complement the cognitive processes of decision making. The decision shifted its emphasis from predicting choices, which can be successful without theoretical insight, to understanding the processes shaping them. Those processes are often revealed through biases that suggest non

Fischhoff, Baruch

18

Decision making process and factors routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research studies the decision-making process and the factors that affect truck routing. The data collection involved intercept interviews with truck drivers at three rest area and truck stops along major highways in ...

Sun, Yichen, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Waste-to-energy: Decision making and the decisions made  

SciTech Connect

During the early 1980s, it was projected that waste-to-energy (WTE) facilities would manage as much as half of all municipal solid waste by the turn of the century. However, during the latter part of the 1980s, the cancellation rate for WTE facilities grew to the point that the portion of the waste stream WTE will handle in the long-term future is less certain. This study, conducted as part of a larger study, identifies factors that influence municipalities, decisions regarding WTE. This study takes a broad perspective about decision-making within communities, emphasizing the context within which decisions were made and the decision-making process. It does not seek to judge the correctness of the decisions.

Schexnayder, S.M. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)); Wolfe, A.K. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Waste-to-energy: Decision making and the decisions made  

SciTech Connect

During the early 1980s, it was projected that waste-to-energy (WTE) facilities would manage as much as half of all municipal solid waste by the turn of the century. However, during the latter part of the 1980s, the cancellation rate for WTE facilities grew to the point that the portion of the waste stream WTE will handle in the long-term future is less certain. This study, conducted as part of a larger study, identifies factors that influence municipalities, decisions regarding WTE. This study takes a broad perspective about decision-making within communities, emphasizing the context within which decisions were made and the decision-making process. It does not seek to judge the correctness of the decisions.

Schexnayder, S.M. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States); Wolfe, A.K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Geovisual evaluation of public participation in decision making: The grapevine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article reports on a three-dimensional (time-space) geovisual analytic called a ''grapevine.'' People often use metaphors to describe the temporal and spatial structure of online discussions, e.g., ''threads'' growing as a result of message exchanges. ... Keywords: Decision making, Geovisual analytics, Grapevine, Human-computer-human interaction, Public participation, Spatio-temporal events

Robert Aguirre; Timothy Nyerges

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Training Adaptive Decision-Making.  

SciTech Connect

Adaptive Thinking has been defined here as the capacity to recognize when a course of action that may have previously been effective is no longer effective and there is need to adjust strategy. Research was undertaken with human test subjects to identify the factors that contribute to adaptive thinking. It was discovered that those most effective in settings that call for adaptive thinking tend to possess a superior capacity to quickly and effectively generate possible courses of action, as measured using the Category Generation test. Software developed for this research has been applied to develop capabilities enabling analysts to identify crucial factors that are predictive of outcomes in fore-on-force simulation exercises.

Abbott, Robert G.; Forsythe, James C.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Executive decision making processes and outcomes : structure and robustness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Uncertainty in the decision making environment complicates the decision making process because future events may change the effect of a particular decision or series of decisions. This thesis explores the possibility of ...

Chacon, Vince

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Information Acquisition for Decision Making: Information Source Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information Acquisition for Decision Making: Information Source Models David Grace Lehigh University Eugene Perevalov Lehigh University Report: 12T-003 #12;Information Acquisition for Decision Making: Information Source Models Draft Abstract The optimal decision making problem in situations characterized

Snyder, Larry

25

Northeast Climate Science Center Webinar - Making Decision in...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Management Across Multiple Agencies Using Structured Decision Making Northeast Climate Science Center Webinar - Making Decision in Complex Landscapes: Headwater Stream Management...

26

Capital expenditure decision making in small firms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A number of studies have been conducted to determine the extent to which large firms utilize sophisticated techniques in capital expenditure decision making. This research effort focuses on financial decision making procedures of small firms, exploring the techniques utilized to evaluate investment opportunities, methods employed to adjust for risk, purposes of expenditures and concern for profitability, and the source and cost of funds. In light of the recent debate on the capital shortage issue, small firms were also asked what type of tax reform they deemed most desirable to stimulate capital investments.

L.R. Runyon

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Manipulating decision making of typical agents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate how the choice of decision makers can be varied under the presence of risk and uncertainty. Our analysis is based on the approach we have previously applied to individual decision makers, which we now generalize to the case of decision makers that are members of a society. The approach employs the mathematical techniques that are common in quantum theory, justifying our naming as Quantum Decision Theory. However, we do not assume that decision makers are quantum objects. The techniques of quantum theory are needed only for defining the prospect probabilities taking into account such hidden variables as behavioral biases and other subconscious feelings. The approach describes an agent's choice as a probabilistic event occurring with a probability that is the sum of a utility factor and of an attraction factor. The attraction factor embodies subjective and unconscious dimensions in the mind of the decision maker. We show that the typical aggregate amplitude of the attraction factor is $1/4$, and it can be either positive or negative depending on the relative attraction of the competing choices. The most efficient way of varying the decision makers choice is realized by influencing the attraction factor. This can be done in two ways. One method is to arrange in a special manner the payoff weights, which induces the required changes of the values of attraction factors. We show that a slight variation of the payoff weights can invert the sign of the attraction factors and reverse the decision preferences, even when the prospect utilities remain unchanged. The second method of influencing the decision makers choice is by providing information to decision makers. The methods of influencing decision making are illustrated by several experiments, whose outcomes are compared quantitatively with the predictions of our approach.

V. I. Yukalov; D. Sornette

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

28

Research Brief 1 Retail Buyer Decision Making Retail Buyer Decision Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research Brief 1 Retail Buyer Decision Making Retail Buyer Decision Making Pamela J. Brown, Ph prepared to acquaint extension agents with the process and responsibilities of buying for a retail business, current research topics concerning retail buyers, and specifically with apparel buying. This research

29

Implications for decision making: Government perspectives  

SciTech Connect

Implications for decision making in three areas related to policy towards greenhouse gas emissions are discussed from a governmental perspective. The first area involves issues related to the apportionment of risk. The second concerns the standard to be applied in evaluated costs. The third encompasses the international equity issues raised by policies to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.

Gruenspecht, H. [Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

30

Evidence-based Decision Making: Influences on Central-Office Administrators' Decision-Making Practices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

through rigorous, scientifically-based research. This mandate required central office administrators who managed federal budgets to make evidence-based decisions when purchasing interventions and programs with federal funds. In this study, central office...

Haecker, Bonnie Minnia

2013-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

31

Implications for decision making: Auto industry perspectives  

SciTech Connect

Implications for decision making in areas related to policy towards greenhouse gas emissions are discussed from the perspective of the auto industry. Two methods of reducing fuel use are discussed: increasing fuel efficiency of automobiles and reducing vehicle fuel use by other methods. Regulatory and market-driven control of fuel consumption are discussed. It is concluded that the automobile industry would prefer market-driven control of fuel consumption to regulatory control of fuel efficiency.

Leonard, S.A. [General Motors Technical Center, Warren, MI (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

32

Implications for decision making: Industrial sector perspectives  

SciTech Connect

Implications for decision making in areas related to policy towards greenhouse gas emissions are discussed from the perspective of the industrial sector. Industry is presented as supportive of energy conservation measures in spite of the large uncertainties in the global warming issue. Perspectives of developed and developing countries are contrasted, and carbon dioxide emissions are compared. Socioeconomic implications of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, particularly in the form of higher prices for goods and services, are outlined.

Mangelsdorf, F.E. [Texaco, Inc., Beacon, NY (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

33

Decision Making Based on a Nonparametric Shape-Preserving ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 25, 2013 ... This paper develops a robust optimization based decision-making ... investigations in economics and decision theory have systemized utili-.

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

34

E-Print Network 3.0 - attribute decision making Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Disciplines Decision Making Decision SystemsDecision Sciences Who... or what is making decisions? computerman decision theory utility theory ... ... Source: Bohanec, Marko...

35

Quantitative Analysis of Group Decision Making for Complex Engineered Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding group decision-making processes is crucial for design or operation of a complex system. Unfortunately, there are few experimental tools that might contribute to the development of a theory of group decision-making ...

Broniatowski, David Andre

36

A decision making framework for cruise ship design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops a new decision making framework for initial cruise ship design. Through review of effectiveness analysis and multi-criteria decision making, a uniform philosophy is created to articulate a framework ...

Katsoufis, George P. (George Paraskevas)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

The Effects of Elite Decision Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

focuses on two groups of decision makers, candidates running for office and public managers, and the effect of their decisions on the electorate and organization, respectively. The dissertation explores the impact of candidates' decisions regarding...

Johansen, Morgen S.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

38

To understand the cognitive processes involved with probability judgment, decision making, and choice, to explore the implications these processes for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and choice, to explore the implications these processes for understanding real-world decision makingObjective To understand the cognitive processes involved with probability judgment, decision making at understanding the cognitive processes underlying diagnostic hypothesis generation and human judgment

Dougherty, Michael

39

USE OF THE BELIEF THEORY TO FORMALIZE AGENT DECISION-MAKING PROCESSES: APPLICATION TO CROPPING PLAN DECISION-MAKING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

USE OF THE BELIEF THEORY TO FORMALIZE AGENT DECISION-MAKING PROCESSES: APPLICATION TO CROPPING PLAN to define the agent decision making process. This formalism is based on the belief theory, which is a formal the belief theory. This theory allows to formalize reasoning. It can be used to make a decision between

Boyer, Edmond

40

Sustainable Transportation Decision-Making: Spatial Decision Support Systems (SDSS) and Total Cost Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is to develop a Spatial Decision Support System (SDSS) that will lead to more balanced decision-making in transportation investment and optimize the most sustainable high-speed rail (HSR) route. The decision support system developed here explicitly elaborates...

Kim, Hwan Yong

2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Eventological theory of decision making for stock markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The eventological theory of decision-making, the theory of eventfull decision-making is a theory of decision-making based on eventological principles and using results of mathematical eventology; a theoretical basis of the practical eventology. The beginnings of this theory which have arisen from eventfull representation of the reasonable subject and his decisions in the form of eventological distributions (E-distributions) of sets of events and which are based on the eventological H-theorem are offered. The illustrative example of the eventological decision-making by the reasonable subject on his own eventfull behaviour in the financial or share market is considered.

Oleg Yu. Vorobyev; Joe J. Goldblatt; Rebecca Finkel

2008-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

42

Algorithmic Decision Theory and Risk-based Decision Making in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Algorithmic Decision Theory and Risk-based Decision Making in the Maritime Environment Fred S. Roberts Director of CCICADA Rutgers University #12;2 Algorithmic Decision Theory ·Today's decision makers speeds and quantities 2 #12;3 Algorithmic Decision Theory ·These tools and resources will enable better

43

Manipulating decision making of typical agents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate how the choice of decision makers can be varied under the presence of risk and uncertainty. Our analysis is based on the approach we have previously applied to individual decision makers, which we now generalize to the case of decision makers that are members of a society. The approach employs the mathematical techniques that are common in quantum theory, justifying our naming as Quantum Decision Theory. However, we do not assume that decision makers are quantum objects. The techniques of quantum theory are needed only for defining the prospect probabilities taking into account such hidden variables as behavioral biases and other subconscious feelings. The approach describes an agent's choice as a probabilistic event occurring with a probability that is the sum of a utility factor and of an attraction factor. The attraction factor embodies subjective and unconscious dimensions in the mind of the decision maker. We show that the typical aggregate amplitude of the attraction factor is $1/4$, and ...

Yukalov, V I

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

DOE Secretarial Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through the Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through the Integration of Program and Project Management with National Environmental Policy Act Compliance DOE Secretarial Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through the Integration of Program and Project Management with National Environmental Policy Act Compliance Declaring that "Compliance with [NEPA] is a pre-requisite to successful implementation of DOE programs and projects," the Secretary has signed a memorandum on "Improved Decision Making through the Integration of Program and Project Management with National Environmental Policy Act Compliance." The memo urges better use of existing tools and guidance, and highlights principles for strengthening NEPA compliance - for example, through Field

45

Electric System Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Analysis Prepared for Western Interstate Energy Board Committee on Regional Electric Power Cooperation Electric System Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary...

46

Revision Moment for the Retail Decision-Making System.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? In this work we address to the problems of the loan origination decision-making systems. In accordance with the basic principles of the loan origination (more)

Juszczuk, Agnieszka Beata

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making:...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making: A Guidance and Resource Document Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Applying Climate...

48

DOE Secretarial Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through the Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through the Integration of Program and Project Management with National Environmental Policy Act Compliance DOE Secretarial Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through the Integration of Program and Project Management with National Environmental Policy Act Compliance Declaring that "Compliance with [NEPA] is a pre-requisite to successful implementation of DOE programs and projects," the Secretary has signed a memorandum on "Improved Decision Making through the Integration of Program and Project Management with National Environmental Policy Act Compliance." The memo urges better use of existing tools and guidance, and highlights principles for strengthening NEPA compliance - for example, through Field

49

Enhancing management decision making in global enterprises using GIS principles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Business organisations are increasing their influence and presence throughout the world as domestic economies become oversaturated. Organisations increasingly turn to international commerce to discover new markets. Globalisation requires that firms adapt their management and decision-making practices to recognise localised cultural, political, legal, social, and security requirements. In response, organisations are revamping their decision processes, tailoring them as cultures evolve, political assumptions and realities change, laws are enacted, social issues come to the forefront, and security requirements mature. Traditional decision support systems (DSS) are incapable of readily incorporating localised variables into decision-making processes and must be enhanced. Geographic Information Systems (GIS), have the potential to enhance traditional management decision-making (DSS) tools by adapting them for use in global environments. This paper proposes the melding of GIS and DSS toolsets to create a new framework, hereinafter referred to as Geographically-Enhanced Decision Support Systems (GEDSS), for enhanced management and decision-making for businesses.

A. James Wynne; Harry L. Reif; Chandrashekar D. Challa

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Information Theory and Observational Limitations in Decision Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Information Theory and Observational Limitations in Decision Making David H. Wolpert Santa Fe: Hedonic utility, risk attitudes, S-shaped utility, decision theory, constrained obser- vation, bounded for formalizing and analyzing the problem faced by a Decision Maker (DM) working under information

51

Experiments on decision making and auctions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theory (Gilboa and Schmeidler, 1995). The basic premise behind Case-Based Decision Theory (henceforth CBDT) is that a DM uses her past experience to help evaluate current choices, rather than constructing beliefs about certain states of the world...

Watson, Elizabeth Ann

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

52

Total cost model for making sourcing decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops a total cost model based on the work done during a six month internship with ABB. In order to help ABB better focus on low cost country sourcing, a total cost model was developed for sourcing decisions. ...

Morita, Mark, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Building Design Advisor: An Integrated Decision-Making Environment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building Design Advisor: An Integrated Decision-Making Environment Building Design Advisor: An Integrated Decision-Making Environment Speaker(s): Vineeta Pal Date: July 26, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Satkartar K. Kinney To make informed decisions about the design, construction and operation of a building, it is necessary to predict and evaluate the impact of these decisions on the performance of the building. Each of these decisions impacts the performance of the building in a number of different and inter-related ways. Therefore, a computational environment that seeks to support this decision-making process needs to enable the prediction and evaluation of different aspects of building performance. Several stand-alone computer tools are currently available, each of which addresses a particular aspect of the building performance. The Building Design

54

Fuzzy Multicriteria Decision Making1 Vania Peneva, Ivan Popchev  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vary in time. Fuzzy sets and fuzzy logic are powerful mathematical tools for modeling and control- ling1 6 Fuzzy Multicriteria Decision Making1 Vania Peneva, Ivan Popchev Institute of Information- searching of models for decision making support in multicriteria problems under uncertainties from fuzzy

Borissova, Daniela

55

Information Acquisition for Decision Making: Answer David Grace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information Acquisition for Decision Making: Answer Depth David Grace Lehigh University Eugene Perevalov Lehigh University Report: 12T-002 #12;Information Acquisition for Decision Making: Answer Depth and in the presence of information sources is considered in a general setting. This brings about the need

Snyder, Larry

56

English summary "Ethics in Economic Decision-Making (Marijke C. Leliveld) 1 Summary of "Ethics in Economic Decision-making"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

English summary "Ethics in Economic Decision-Making (Marijke C. Leliveld) 1 Summary of "Ethics on ethics in economic decision-making. Ethics refer to standards of what people believe is morally the right or wrong thing to do. There are many ethical standards to which we can adhere in distributive settings

van den Brink, Jeroen

57

Helping Utilities Make Smart Solar Decisions Utility Barriers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar DecisionsSource: SEPA 2010 1,717 MW of utility scale solar or 63 % · Nevada & New Mexico 659 MW for utilities so utilities have cost recovery and return #12;Utility Solar Business Models Ownership Energy Purchases 14Helping Utilities Make Smart Solar Decisions Energy Purchases Financing #12;Utility Financing

Homes, Christopher C.

58

Electric System Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary Analysis Prepared for Western Interstate Energy Board Committee on Regional Electric Power Cooperation Electric System Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary Analysis Prepared for Western Interstate Energy Board Committee on Regional Electric Power Cooperation The nation's electricity system is regional in nature, because of the operation of the interconnected grids and the markets defined by them. Over the years, many regional organizations of utilities and governments have formed to manage and oversee these markets. Electric System Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary Analysis Prepared for Western Interstate Energy Board Committee on Regional Electric Power Cooperation More Documents & Publications

59

Improving enterprise decision-making : the benefits of metric commonality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this research is to identify a new approach in managing, and making internal program-level decisions from, externally tracked performance metrics. Industry observations indicate the increasing challenge ...

Friedman, Alissa H. (Alissa Heather)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Economics and Decision-Making for Climate Change and Sustainability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economics and Decision-Making for Climate Change and Sustainability Subtitle: Climate Change is an Economic Problem� source and solutions lie in realm of social science Susan M. Capalbo Professor and Head, Applied Economics (formerly

Schmittner, Andreas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Memory and Decision Making: Determining Action when the Sirens Sound  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Memories, both semantic, or learned knowledge, and episodic, or personal experiences, play an important role in an individuals decision making under risk. In addition, varying levels of knowledge and experience exist in each individual. These ...

Robert Drost

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Decision Making Under Conditions of Uncertainty: Experimental Assessment of Decision Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

designed to enable researchers to examine the ways decision makers choose from among three categories of antiterrorism technologies or do nothing under different conditions of certainty and framing. THEORETICAL FOUNDATION The poliheuristic theory... of decision making was used as the basis for the study. The poliheuristic theory incorporates the conditions surrounding policy decisions, as well as the cognitive processes associated with these surroundings. It posits that decision makers employ a two...

Vedlitz, Arnold; Mintz, Alex; Redd, Steven B.; Liu, Xinsheng; Alston, Letitia T.

2013-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

63

EM Risk and Cleanup Decision Making Presentation by Mark Gilbertson  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AND CLEANUP DECISION MAKING AND CLEANUP DECISION MAKING www.em.doe.gov 1 Mark Gilbertson Deputy Assistant Secretary for Site Restoration Office of Environmental Management May 31, 2012 Presented to Environmental Management Advisory Board Topics * How we got to where we are * Existing environment and health risk www.em.doe.gov 2 * Existing environment and health risk analysis to support decision-making * Considerations going forward The Past Five Years * FY2008 budget assumed ~$6 billion escalated for inflation over the following four years * Re-baselined the program and in some cases renegotiated milestones and contracts to align with the budget profile * Milestones were negotiated in good faith (~40 agreements/~200 major milestones/year) * Recognition that approximately 50% of the EM budget is "min safe"

64

Cache Decision Making: The Effects of Competition on Cache Decisions in Merriam's Kangaroo Rat (Dipodomys merriami)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cache Decision Making: The Effects of Competition on Cache Decisions in Merriam's Kangaroo Rat (Dipodomys merriami) Stephanie D. Preston and Lucia F. Jacobs University of California, Berkeley Caching food the risk of pilferage. However, little is known about how food-storing animals determine the risk

Jacobs, Lucia

65

Risk Analysis and Decision Making FY 2013 Milestone Report  

SciTech Connect

Risk analysis and decision making is one of the critical objectives of CCSI, which seeks to use information from science-based models with quantified uncertainty to inform decision makers who are making large capital investments. The goal of this task is to develop tools and capabilities to facilitate the development of risk models tailored for carbon capture technologies, quantify the uncertainty of model predictions, and estimate the technical and financial risks associated with the system. This effort aims to reduce costs by identifying smarter demonstrations, which could accelerate development and deployment of the technology by several years.

Engel, David W.; Dalton, Angela C.; Dale, Crystal; Jones, Edward; Thompson, J.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Making Replant Decisions in Cotton SCS-2007-08  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Making Replant Decisions in Cotton SCS-2007-08 Extension AgronomyExtension Agronomy Department Agronomist ­ Cotton Lubbock, TX Dr. Robert Lemon Texas Cooperative Extension Agronomist ­ Cotton College phase of cotton production. Cool temperatures, excessive moisture, hard, packing rains, wind and sand

Mukhtar, Saqib

67

Integration of distributed spatial data in a decision making context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integration of distributed spatial data in a decision making context Christelle Pierkot LIRMM, D deployment of communication networks has facilitated the sharing and exchange of spatial data between sites neither belong to the same organizations, but must cooperate. Spatial data is used to help user

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

68

ANGEL INVESTMENT DECISION MAKING AS A LEARNING PROCESS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ANGEL INVESTMENT DECISION MAKING AS A LEARNING PROCESS Donald J. Smith*, Colin M. Mason** and Richard T. Harrison*** *Discovery Investment Fund Limited, Dundee, Scotland, UK. Email: DJSmith31@aol for Entrepreneurship, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G1 1XH Scotland, UK November 2010 #12;#12;ANGEL INVESTMENT

Mottram, Nigel

69

Professor Nick Sahinidis1 Center for Advanced Process Decision Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

processes, product and process design, engineering design, and automatic control. Since commercial versionsProfessor Nick Sahinidis1 Center for Advanced Process Decision Making & Department of Chemical companies in the automotive, financial, and chemical process industries. His research activities have been

Lin, Xiaodong

70

Developing a Framework to Support Shared Decision Making for Youth Mental Health Medication Treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Medical shared decision making has demonstrated success in increasing collaboration between clients and practitioners for various health decisions. As the importance of a shared decision making approach becomes ...

Crickard, Elizabeth L.; O'Brien, Megan S.; Rapp, Charles A.; Holmes, Cheryl L.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

The Impact of Delegating Decision Making to IT on the Sunk Cost Effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this research, we investigate the impact of delegating decision making to information technology (IT) on an important human decision bias - the sunk cost effect. To address our research question, we use a unique and very rich dataset provided by an auction website containing actual market transaction data for approximately 7,000 pay-per-bid auctions. We analyze direct buy decisions of auction participants who did not plan to exercise the direct buy option prior to the beginning of the auction, but who, after failing to win the auction, did buy the product directly because of their normatively irrelevant sunk investments. Not surprisingly, participants with a higher monetary investment have an increased likelihood of violating the assumption of rationality due to the sunk cost effect. Interestingly, after controlling for monetary investments, participants who delegate their decision making to IT and, consequently, have comparably lower behavioral investments (e.g., emotional attachment, effort, time) are le...

Herrmann, Philipp N; Rahman, Mohammad S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Distributed Intelligent Agents for Decision Making at Local Distributed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Distributed Intelligent Agents for Decision Making at Local Distributed Distributed Intelligent Agents for Decision Making at Local Distributed Energy Resource (DER) Levels Speaker(s): David Cohen Date: June 3, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Peng Xu Our goals are to develop and commercialize a system of adaptive, intelligent software components which run at distributed locations (DER-level) on the energy network to improve the reliability, efficiency, and security of the U.S. electrical distribution network. We are developing GridAgents, an enabling software technology framework and platform using a distributed multi-agent systems approach for advanced communications and control capabilities (large- scale automated demand response, distribution automation control, and Microgrid control applications). For more

73

Dynamic Decision Making for Graphical Models Applied to Oil Exploration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a framework for sequential decision making in problems described by graphical models. The setting is given by dependent discrete random variables with associated costs or revenues. In our examples, the dependent variables are the potential outcomes (oil, gas or dry) when drilling a petroleum well. The goal is to develop an optimal selection strategy that incorporates a chosen utility function within an approximated dynamic programming scheme. We propose and compare different approximations, from simple heuristics to more complex iterative schemes, and we discuss their computational properties. We apply our strategies to oil exploration over multiple prospects modeled by a directed acyclic graph, and to a reservoir drilling decision problem modeled by a Markov random field. The results show that the suggested strategies clearly improve the simpler intuitive constructions, and this is useful when selecting exploration policies.

Martinelli, Gabriele; Hauge, Ragnar

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Implications for decision making: The electric utilities` perspective  

SciTech Connect

Implications for decision making in three areas related to policy towards greenhouse gas emissions are discussed from the perspective of the electric industry. The first area addresses economic factors in the electric industry. The second concerns the interrelationship of energy, electricity and the environment, and the global climate change issue. The third addresses the global context of the issue. It is concluded that a comprehensive examination of international implications of governmental policy should be made before implementation of carbon emissions limitations, and that limiting electricity demand could negatively affect economic growth and the environment.

Fang, W.L. [Edison Electric Inst., Washington, DC (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

75

Group decision making based autonomous control system for street lighting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most traditional street lighting systems do not have the function of autonomous control. Inspired by social animals and insects, an autonomous control system for street lighting is presented in this paper. All the lamp nodes compose a wireless sensor network (WSN) based lamp group in which there are a lamp leader, a succeeding leader, and some lamp members. All the lamp members communicate with the lamp leader by forming a tree topology. The lamp member collects ambient illumination using a light sensor periodically. When finding the illumination is under the preset threshold, the lamp member will send a turning-on vote to the lamp leader. The lamp leader counts the number of votes received from the members. When the number of the votes is larger than the preset threshold, the lamp leader will send a turning-on command to all the lamp members. Just like the succession behavior in social animals, the succeeding leader in the proposed system can automatically take the place of the current lamp leader when it is disabled. A failure message can be sent to the remote street lighting maintenance center by a GPRS network. Leader switching and group decision making tests have been carried out for validating these proposed methods. The experimental results show that the proposed system can automatically response to ambient light changes. The method of group decision making improves the anti-interference capability and the intelligence level of the lighting control system.

Jun Zhang; Guifang Qiao; Guangming Song; Hongtao Sun; Jian Ge

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

New Solutions for Substation Sensing, Signal Processing and Decision Making M. Kezunovic, Fellow IEEE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Solutions for Substation Sensing, Signal Processing and Decision Making M. Kezunovic, Fellow describes a new solution for integrating substation sensing, signal processing and decision making for more. Introduction The existing substation designs for sensing, signal processing and decision-making have been

77

Towards A Theory-Of-Mind-Inspired Generic Decision-Making Framework Mihai Polceanu, Cedric Buche  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Towards A Theory-Of-Mind-Inspired Generic Decision-Making Framework Mihai Polceanu, C´edric Buche of simulation as a decision-making technique, we propose a generic framework based on theory of mind, which the framework are discussed. 1 Introduction When attempting to make a suitable decision within an en- vironment

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

78

Context-dependent incremental decision making scrutinizing the intentions of others via Bayesian network model construction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Decision making about which are the scrutinized intentions of others, usually called intention reading or intention recognition, is an elementary basic decision making process required as a basis for other higher-level decision making, such as the intention-based ... Keywords: Bayesian Network Combination, Elder Care, Evolutionary Game Theory, Intention Recognition, Logic Programming, Plan Corpora

The Anh Han; Lus Moniz Pereira

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

FTA-Characteristics of Bus Rapid Transit for Decision-Making | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FTA-Characteristics of Bus Rapid Transit for Decision-Making FTA-Characteristics of Bus Rapid Transit for Decision-Making Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: FTA-Characteristics of Bus Rapid Transit for Decision-Making Agency/Company /Organization: Federal Transit Administration, United States Department of Transportation Focus Area: Transportation Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual User Interface: Other Website: www.nbrti.org/docs/pdf/Characteristics_BRT_Decision-Making.pdf Cost: Free Language: English FTA-Characteristics of Bus Rapid Transit for Decision-Making Screenshot References: FTA-Characteristics of Bus Rapid Transit for Decision-Making[1] "The Characteristics of Bus Rapid Transit for Decision-Making (CBRT) report was prepared to provide transportation planners and decision makers with

80

Risk-Quantified Decision-Making at Rocky Flats  

SciTech Connect

Surface soils in the 903 Pad Lip Area of the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) were contaminated with {sup 239/240}Pu by site operations. To meet remediation goals, accurate definition of areas where {sup 239/240}Pu activity exceeded the threshold level of 50 pCi/g and those below 50- pCi/g needed definition. In addition, the confidence for remedial decisions needed to be quantified and displayed visually. Remedial objectives needed to achieve a 90 percent certainty that unremediated soils had less than a 10 percent chance of {sup 239/240}Pu activity exceeding 50-pCi/g. Removing areas where the chance of exceedance is greater than 10 percent creates a 90 percent confidence in the remedial effort results. To achieve the stipulated goals, the geostatistical approach of probability kriging (Myers 1997) was implemented. Lessons learnt: Geostatistical techniques provided a risk-quantified approach to remedial decision-making and provided visualizations of the excavation area. Error analysis demonstrated compliance and confirmed that more than sufficient soils were removed. Error analysis also illustrated that any soils above the threshold that were not removed would be of nominal activity. These quantitative approaches were useful from a regulatory, engineering, and stakeholder satisfaction perspective.

Myers, Jeffrey C. [Washington Safety Management Solutions, Aiken, South Carolina (United States)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Promoting decision making through a Sustainable Remediation Assessment Matrix (SRAM)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the steps taken in a decision making process through a Sustainable Remediation Assessment Matrix (SRAM). The development of the SRAM deals with Complex, Large-scale Interconnected, Open, and Socio-technical System (CLIOS). For both large and small contaminated areas, considers potential impacts on neighbouring areas, the contribution to air emissions from the materials of the proposed project and the energy to be consumed. Along this line, the research focused on setting up a model under a systems perspective. A systemigram, from remedial investigation to project closeout, has been developed. For each stage of the remediation project, the process to identify stakeholders has been outlined. Moreover, and as an illustrative example, environmental, social, and economic aspects of remedial operations have been addressed on a specific case using the US Air Force Sustainable Remediation Tool (SRT).

Aspasia Kalomoiri; Washington Braida

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Estimation of expected human attention weights based on a decision field theory model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Modeling human decision making behavior is of great interest in understanding how a decision maker weights different decision attributes when making a decision. Such knowledge is critically important in helping predict future decisions, evaluating human decision performance, and improving the design of human and machine interface systems. Decision field theory (DFT) provides a psychological representation of the cognitive deliberation process, which is driven by the fluctuations of a persons attention among decision attributes. In this research area, the most common use of a DFT model is to estimate or predict the human decisions by using a set of pre-specified expected attention weights (EAWs) in the DFT model. Unlike other research, this paper extends the capabilities of DFT in a complementary direction, showing how to fit or train a DFT model by estimating the EAW based on sequentially obtained samples of decision trials. Furthermore, the inherent connection between the EAW and the decision choice uncertainty is investigated. The proposed modeling method is discussed in detail for a two-alternative decision scenario based on two attributes. Both simulations and a case study are conducted in the paper to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed modeling approach.

Andres G. Abad; Jionghua (Judy) Jin; Young-Jun Son

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Decision Making for a Sustainable Chemical Process Xun Jin and Karen A. High  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decision Making for a Sustainable Chemical Process Xun Jin and Karen A. High School of Chemical-744-5280, Fax:405-744-6338 xun.jin@okstate.edu, high@okstate.edu ABSTRACT Decision-making for sustainability condition and various techniques. The different features in characterizing sustainability oriented decision

High, Karen

84

A Consensus Reaching Model for Collaborative Decision Making in Web 2.0 Communities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Collaborative decision making has been studied widely. However, there is relatively little research as to how to reach consensus among group experts in the web 2.0 environment. This study provides a consensus reaching model for collaborative decision ... Keywords: collaborative decision making, web 2.0, concensus reaching model, dynamiclly alternatives generation, delegation

Xiaojie Li, Huili Zhang, Rui Mao, Xiaoyan Wang

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

A Theory of Travel Decision-Making with Applications for Modeling Active Travel Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Theory of Travel Decision-Making with Applications for Modeling Active Travel Demand by Patrick interdisciplinary framework for a theory of travel decision-making with applications for travel demand modeling behavior that have a large influence on the development of the theory of travel decision

Bertini, Robert L.

86

AHP and Uncertainty Theories for Decision Making using the ER-MCDA Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AHP and Uncertainty Theories for Decision Making using the ER-MCDA Methodology Jean-Marc Tacnet are discussed in the conclusion. II. INFORMATION IMPERFECTION AND UNCERTAINTY THEORIES Any decision is clo-criteria decision-making based on imperfect information coming from more or less reliable and conflicting sources

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

87

Public Discourse in Energy Policy Decision-Making: Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The ground is littered with projects that failed because of strong public opposition, including natural gas and coal power plants proposed in Idaho over the past several years. This joint project , of the Idaho National Laboratory, Boise State University, Idaho State University and University of Idaho has aimed to add to the tool box to reduce project risk through encouraging the public to engage in more critical thought and be more actively involved in public or social issues. Early in a project, project managers and decision-makers can talk with no one, pro and con stakeholder groups, or members of the public. Experience has shown that talking with no one outside of the project incurs high risk because opposition stakeholders have many means to stop most (if not all) energy projects. Talking with organized stakeholder groups provides some risk reduction from mutual learning, but organized groups tend not to change positions except under conditions of a negotiated settlement. Achieving a negotiated settlement may be impossible. Furthermore, opposition often arises outside pre-existing groups. Standard public polling provides some information but does not reveal underlying motivations, intensity of attitudes, etc. Improved methods are needed that probe deeper into stakeholder (organized groups and members of the public) values and beliefs/heuristics to increase the potential for change of opinions and/or out-of-box solutions. The term heuristics refers to the mental short-cuts, underlying beliefs, and paradigms that everyone uses to filter and interpret information, to interpret what is around us, and to guide our actions and decisions. This document is the final report of a 3-year effort to test different public discourse methods in the subject area of energy policy decision-making. We analyzed 504 mail-in surveys and 80 participants in groups on the Boise State University campus for their preference, financial support, and evaluations of eight attributes for energy conservation and efficiency, fossil fuels, nuclear energy, hydropower, and renewable energy. All participants saw a 7-person diverse energy expert panel. Some participants attended deliberation sessions; some received a 35-page briefing document that included pros and cons of the different energy options.

Idaho Citizen; Eileen DeShazo; John Freemuth; Tina Giannini; Troy Hall; Ann Hunter; Jeffrey C. Joe; Michael Louis; Carole Nemnich; Jennie Newman; Steven J. Piet; Stephen Sorensen; Paulina Starkey; Kendelle Vogt; Patrick Wilson

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

A tunable algorithm for collective decision-making  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...can rise markedly with its energy budget (17), and a decision-maker's relative valuation of speed and accuracy...use different behavioral tools, their collective decision...brood-rearing, and food storage at their nest. Because...

Stephen C. Pratt; David J. T. Sumpter

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Decentralized Decision-making and Protocol Design for Recycled ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by a single decision maker to optimize the total system performance. ..... Net selling price offered per standard unit of material to downstream site j;. ( ) ..... previous price actions and determines its best move in price decision based on its own...

ihong

2006-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

90

Decision making on the sole basis of statistical likelihood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a new axiomatic decision theory for choice under uncertainty. Unlike Bayesian decision theory where uncertainty is represented by a probability function, in our theory, uncertainty is given in the form ...

Giang, Phan H.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Linking science with environmental decision making: Experiences from an integrated modeling approach to supporting sustainable water resources management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The call for more effective integration of science and decision making is ubiquitous in environmental management. While scientists often complain that their input is ignored by decision makers, the latter have also expressed dissatisfaction that critical information for their decision making is often not readily available or accessible to them, or not presented in a usable form. It has been suggested that scientists need to produce more usable information with enhanced credibility, legitimacy, and saliency to ensure the adoption of research results. In basin-scale management of coupled human-water systems, water resources managers, like other decision makers, are frequently confronted with the need to make major decisions in the face of high system complexity and uncertainty. The integration of useful and relevant scientific information is necessary and critical to enable informed decision-making. This paper describes the main aspects of what has been learned in the process of supporting sustainable water resources planning and management in the semi-arid southwestern United States by means of integrated modeling. Our experience indicates that particular attention must be paid to the proper definition of focus questions, explicit conceptual modeling, a suitable modeling strategy, and a formal scenario analysis approach in order to facilitate the development of usable scientific information. We believe that these lessons and insights can be useful to other scientific efforts in the broader area of linking environmental science with decision making.

Yuqiong Liu; Hoshin Gupta; Everett Springer; Thorsten Wagener

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

Williams, Brian C.

93

An Update on Proposed Changes to the Energy Department's LNG Export Decision-Making Procedures  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

After receiving numerous comments about a proposed procedural change to the Energy Department's liquified natural gas export decision-making process, the Department is finalizing its decision to implement the change.

94

An experimental test of the poliheuristic theory of foreign policy decision making using military leaders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is a study in foreign policy decision making which assesses the impact of dynamic choice sets (where new alternatives appear during the decision process), on strategy selection and choice in international politics. The hypotheses tested involve...

Carnes, Amy Elizabeth

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

95

16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

Williams, Brian

96

Delegation in Tourism Decision Making: Toward an Understanding of the Role of Social Surrogate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

components of decision delegation. A second model revealed that high purchase involvement, desire to control others, relinquishing control, and propensity to make risky decisions led to the desire to choose. A desire to relinquish control led to deferring...

Stone, Matthew John

2014-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

97

Climate Change Scenario Planning in Alaska's National Parks: Stakeholder Involvement in the Decision-Making Process  

SciTech Connect

This article studies the participation of stakeholders in climate change decision-making in Alaska s National Parks. We place stakeholder participation within literatures on environmental and climate change decision-making. We conducted participant observation and interviews in two planning workshops to investigate the decision-making process, and our findings are three-fold. First, the inclusion of diverse stakeholders expanded climate change decision-making beyond National Park Service (NPS) institutional constraints. Second, workshops of the Climate Change Scenario Planning Project (CCSPP) enhanced institutional understandings of participants attitudes towards climate change and climate change decision-making. Third, the geographical context of climate change influences the decision-making process. As the first regional approach to climate change decision-making within the NPS, the CCSPP serves as a model for future climate change planning in public land agencies. This study shows how the participation of stakeholders can contribute to robust decisions, may move climate change decision-making beyond institutional barriers, and can provide information about attitudes towards climate change decision-making.

Ernst, Kathleen M [ORNL] [ORNL; Van Riemsdijk, Dr. Micheline [University of Tennessee (UT)] [University of Tennessee (UT)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Small Manufacturer Strategic Decision Making Assistance Tool (SMSDM): a Case Study of a Small Oklahoma Manufacturer.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The propose was to design an informative analytical tool for small Oklahoma manufacturing firms that would assist in their strategic planning and decision making processes. (more)

Robertson, William D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Climate change scenario planning in Alaska's National Parks: Stakeholder involvement in the decision-making process  

SciTech Connect

This article studies the participation of stakeholders in climate change decision-making in Alaska s National Parks. We place stakeholder participation within literatures on environmental and climate change decision-making. We conducted participant observation and interviews in two planning workshops to investigate the decision-making process, and our findings are three-fold. First, the inclusion of diverse stakeholders expanded climate change decision-making beyond National Park Service (NPS) institutional constraints. Second, workshops of the Climate Change Scenario Planning Project (CCSPP) enhanced institutional understandings of participants attitudes towards climate change and climate change decision-making. Third, the geographical context of climate change influences the decisionmaking process. As the first regional approach to climate change decision-making within the NPS, the CCSPP serves as a model for future climate change planning in public land agencies. This study shows how the participation of stakeholders can contribute to robust decisions, may move climate change decision-making beyond institutional barriers, and can provide information about attitudes towards climate change decision-making.

Ernst, Kathleen M [ORNL] [ORNL; Van Riemsdijk, Dr. Micheline [University of Tennessee (UT)] [University of Tennessee (UT)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Two Axiomatic Approaches to Decision Making Using Possibility Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Uncertainty about which possible state will occur is represented by a possibility distribution that is a mapping ? : S ? V such that max s?S ?(s) = 1. The possibility of a subset A ?S, ?(A) def =max s?A ?(s). Let X = {x 1 ,x 2 ,...x n } denote a ?nite set... of consequences or prizes. To avoid trivialities, X is assumed to have at least two distinct elements, i.e., n ? 2. A decision is a mapping d : S ? X. That is, decision d results in con- sequence d(s) if state s occurs. Notice that each decision d induces a pos...

Giang, Phan H.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

2005-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

EXPLORING DECISION-MAKING METHODS FOR SUSTAINABLE DESIGN IN COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXPLORING DECISION-MAKING METHODS FOR SUSTAINABLE DESIGN IN COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS by Paz Arroyo for Sustainable Design in Commercial Buildings Copyright 2014 by Paz Arroyo #12;1 ABSTRACT Exploring Decision-Making Methods for Sustainable Design in Commercial Buildings by Paz Arroyo Doctor

Tommelein, Iris D.

102

Environmental laws regulating chemicals: Uses of information in decision making under environmental statutes  

SciTech Connect

Three areas are addressed in this paper: generic issues that arise simply in the process of decision-making under environmental statutes; different decision-making standards under various environmental statutes; and efforts to legislate a {open_quotes}safe{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}acceptable{close_quotes} risk from exposure to carcinogenic chemicals.

Gaba, J.M. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States)

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

103

Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making: A Guidance and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making: A Guidance and Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making: A Guidance and Resource Document Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making: A Guidance and Resource Document Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector: Climate Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.beta.undp.org/content/dam/aplaws/publication/en/publications/envir Language: English Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making: A Guidance and Resource Document Screenshot This guidance document intends to provide countries with a practical tool on using climate information in their decision-making processes. This guide addresses these issues of adaptation planning under uncertainty of observed

104

Data mining: support for making decisions in public institutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The investment of public institutions in wind power plants or in any type of power plants implies the necessity to justify their financial feasibility. This is done by estimating all the benefits and costs during the life cycle. In order to estimate ... Keywords: data mining (DM), decision support systems (DSS), measured weather parameters, wind power forecast, wind power plant (WPP)

Bra Adela; Lungu Ion; Oprea Simona Vasilica

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

An evidential game theory framework in multi-criteria decision making process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Multi-criteria decision making process is a widely concerned issue. In traditional studies, it is assumed that a decision makers behaviors are not affected by others. However, competitive environment is more general in real world where everybody maximizes his benefits and each people is inevitably influenced by others behaviors. In this paper, an evidential game theory framework is proposed in order to address the multi-criteria decision making process in the competitive environment. The proposed framework includes five stages, namely game analysis, decision-making analysis, strategies evaluations, fusion of evaluations, decision based on equilibrium, respectively. Within the proposed framework, a representation form of uncertain information called belief structure derived from DempsterShafer theory is employed to model the uncertainty involving experts subjective evaluations. The game theory is used to find the optimal combination of strategies in the interactive decision situations. The application of the proposed evidential game theory framework is given by an illustrative example.

Xinyang Deng; Xi Zheng; Xiaoyan Su; Felix T.S. Chan; Yong Hu; Rehan Sadiq; Yong Deng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

The Decision-Making Process of Genetically At-Risk Couples Considering Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis: Initial Findings from a Grounded Theory Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decision Making; Decision Theory; Family Planning; In VitroDecision-Making Process of Genetically At-Risk Couples Considering Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis: Initial Findings from a Grounded Theory

Hershberger, Patricia E.; Gallo, Agatha M.; Kavanaugh, Karen; Olshansky, Ellen; Schwartz, Alan; Tur-Kaspa, Ilan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Making: Transportation and Electricity GHG Tradeoffs 5.1generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GHG emissions of aresults for SolFocus . . . SolFocus GHG breakdown using CEDA

Reich-Weiser, Corinne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

MOIRA: A decision support system for decision making on aquatic ecosystems contaminated by radioactive fallout  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Interventions to restore radionuclide contaminated aquatic ecosystems may reduce individual and collective radiation doses, but may also result in detrimental ecological, social and economic effects. Decision ...

D. Ros Insua; E. Gallego; A. Mateos; S. Ros-Insua

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Evaluating case-based decision theory: Predicting empirical patterns of human classification learning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We introduce a computer program which calculates an agent?s optimal behavior according to case-based decision theory (Gilboa and Schmeidler, 1995) and use it to test CBDT against a benchmark set of problems from the psychological literature on human classification learning (Shepard et al., 1961). This allows us to evaluate the efficacy of CBDT as an account of human decision-making on this set of problems. We find: (1) The choice behavior of this program (and therefore case-based decision theory) correctly predicts the empirically observed relative difficulty of problems and speed of learning in human data. (2) Similarity (how CBDT decision makers extrapolate from memory) is decreasing in vector distance, consistent with evidence in psychology (Shepard, 1987). (3) The best-fitting parameters suggest humans aspire to an 80 85 % success rate, and humans may increase their aspiration level during the experiment. (4) Average similarity is rejected in favor of additive similarity.

Andreas Duus Pape; Kenneth J. Kurtz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

1 Decision Making Key Question: "Are you Rational?"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

%) $6. c) (02%) An inferior pen (makes Cross pen look relatively better). #12;9 Sunk Costs Anybody walk've paid, you can't get your $ back (sunk costs), so you might as well do whatever makes you happiest.. 10

O'Reilly, Randall C.

111

Evaluation of the Atmospheric Transport Model in the MACCS2 Code and its Impact on Decision Making at DOE Sites  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Atmospheric the Atmospheric Transport Model in the MACCS2 Code and its Impact on Decision Making at Department of Energy Sites John E. Till and Arthur S. Rood June 5, 2012 RAC Historical Dose Reconstruction Projects Environmental Risk Assessment "Understanding and communicating the movement of radionuclides and chemicals released to the environment, resulting exposure to humans, and the subsequent dose or risk from exposure." Types of Dose/Risk  Medical  Occupational  Public Dose/Risk Can Be Estimated for  Real people  Hypothetical people Purpose of Assessments  Compliance  Decision making  Epidemiology  Emergency response Approaches to Estimating Risk  In certain situations, and depending upon the decisions to be made, if the results of relatively

112

Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to incorporate energy storage into Solar LCA: Most large-solar, wind, other renewables or electricity technologies, and energy storagesolar at night). However, the growth of renewables will make the inclusion of energy storage

Reich-Weiser, Corinne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Smarter Cropping: Internet program helps farmers make decisions about crops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cotton. This Web-based decision support system, the Crop Weather Program for South Texas (CWP), is stationed out of the Texas AgriLife Research and Extension Center at Corpus Christi. The program provides easy access to his- torical and current... weather data as well as cal- culators and other tools that generate useful field-specific information about the crop and its environment, said Dr. Carlos J. Fern?ndez, associate professor and the Plant Physiology and Cropping Systems Program?s leader...

Wythe, Kathy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Financial evaluation and decision making processes for environmental technology projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The convergence of the information age with an improved understanding of the effects humans have on the environment provides exciting new opportunities to improve our impact on the world. Though modem companies collect and ...

Dreher, Jonathan J. (Jonathan Jacob)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Making Weighty Decisions: Do Pre-Service Teachers Understand the Impact of Data-Driven Decisions?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that students with emotional and behavioral disabilities (EBD) are in critical need of best practice or evidence based instruction, behavioral interventions, and classroom management strategies selected and implemented with teacher use of data-based decision...

Williams, Lauren E.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

116

A Graphical Framework for Spectrum Modeling and Decision Making in Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 A Graphical Framework for Spectrum Modeling and Decision Making in Cognitive Radio Networks occupancies in cognitive radio networks. It is known that there exist correlations of spectrum occupancies for the inference and decision problems related to spectrum ac- tivities in cognitive radio networks. Bayesian

Qiu, Robert Caiming

117

Decision making in fuzzy discrete event systems F. Lin a,c,*, H. Ying a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

includes a FDES decision model, a fuzzy objective generator for generating optimal control objectives Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Keywords: Discrete event systems; Fuzzy logic; Decision making; HIV ``good'' to ``bad''. For such applications, we need to introduce fuzzy logic to DES. In a conference

Lin, Feng

118

Rough Set Model Selection for Practical Decision Making Joseph P. Herbert JingTao Yao  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rough Set Model Selection for Practical Decision Making Joseph P. Herbert JingTao Yao Department}@cs.uregina.ca Abstract One of the challenges a decision maker faces is choos- ing a suitable rough set model to use for data analysis. The traditional algebraic rough set model classifies objects into three regions, namely

Yao, JingTao

119

A method for analysis of expert committee decision-making applied to FDA medical device panels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Committees of experts are critical for decision-making in engineering systems. This is because the complexity of these systems requires that information is pooled from across multiple specialties and domains of knowledge. ...

Broniatowski, David Andr, 1982-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

The Use of Operational Research and Systems Analysis in Decision Making in Unilever  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Use of Operational Research and Systems Analysis in Decision Making in Unilever...investment and withdrawal problems. Systems analysis helps us to study the long-term...current information and we have computer based financial models to enable...

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Improving customer order visibility to enable improved planning and decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The General Purpose Drives organization of ABB Switzerland does not capture sufficient data on the movement of customer orders through the production process to make efficient decisions on where to allocate improvement ...

Krause, Karla M. (Karla Margarete)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Dynamic Cost-Loss Ratio Decision-making Model with an Autocorrelated Climate Variable  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A dynamic decision-making problem is considered involving the use of information about the autocorrelation of a climate variable. Specifically, an infinite horizon, discounted version of the dynamic cost-loss ratio model is treated, in which only ...

Richard W. Katz

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

The real rules of the budget game : minority fiscal decision making in the United States Senate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study examines the consequences of the Gramm-Rudman super-majority budget rules on fiscal decision making in the Senate. It attempts to determine the efficacy of these rules as defined by those who advocate them, ...

Simon, Marsha Jean

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Commissioning Aid and Decision Making Assistance Tool 'Implementation & Assessment' - Case Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The precedent paper, published in ICEBO 2005 presented the approach and methodology for information flow management in the commissioning of low energy buildings. Within this methodology, commissioning and decision making are included in the low...

Belkadi-Hannachi, N.; Jandon, M.; Nejad, H. V.; Guena, F.; Diab, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

The Role of Financial Services Advertising on Investors' Decision-Making.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The present study assesses the effect of financial services advertising on investors decision-making by adopting a two-sided approach: a stimulus-side analysis to document the nature (more)

Lee, Tae Jun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Irrational decision-making in an amoeboid organism: transitivity and context-dependent preferences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...exposing the food patch to ambient laboratory light from fluorescent bulbs mounted approximately 5 m above the laboratory bench...current research. Recent work on rationality in ants has led to the suggestion that organisms using collective decision-making...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Asian real estate investment : data utilization for the decision making process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many investors in developed countries believe the Asian emerging market to be highly risky due to numerous uncertainties including limited market information to make sound investment decisions. However, still successful ...

Huh, Keun, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

New information technologies in public participation : a challenge to old decision-making institutional frameworks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given the progress in information technology (IT) in the past 30 years, I hypothesized that new conditions exist for considerable improvements in public participation in decision-making. In order to test my hypothesis, I ...

Ferraz de Abreu, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Truth or Consequences: A Study of Critical Issues and Decision Making in Accounting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study applies a theoretical framework, the theory of reasoned action, to the examination of unethical decision making in job-related situations encountered by CPAs. A survey methodology was employed in wh...

Annetta M. Gibson; Albert H. Frakes

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Critical Issues for Psychiatric Medication Shared Decision Making With Youth and Families  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary aims of this article are to describe the current context for youth shared decision making (SDM) within the U.S. childrens mental health system and to identify important considerations for the development of ...

O'Brien, Megan S.; Crickard, Elizabeth L.; Rapp, Charles A.; Holmes, Cheryl L.; McDonald, Thomas P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Decision-making of biomass ethanol fuel policy based on life cycle 3E assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To evaluate the environmental, economic, energy performance of biomass ethanol fuel in China and to support the decision-making of biomass ethanol energy policy, an assessment method of life cycle 3E (economy, en...

Ru-bo Leng PhD; Du Dai; Xiao-jun Chen

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

d. zonta decision making for smart structures value of information (VoI)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, deck=post-tensioned concrete, arch=weathering steel · Approaching legs: curved post-tensioned concrete continuous girders supported on weathering steel columns d. zonta · decision making for smart structures

133

A Decision-Making Model for the Asian Intelligent Building Index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper presents a multi-criteria decision-making model to evaluate the sustainable performances of intelligent buildings based on the Asian IB index, which is recommended by the Asian Institute of Intelligent Buildings. To undertake this task...

Hong, J.; Chen, Z.; Li, H.; Xu, Q.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

InterTwinkles : online tools for non-hierarchical, consensus-oriented decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-hierarchical, participatory, consensus-based decision making has seen an explosion in popularity in recent years. The traditional techniques of formal consensus, however, are limited to face-to-face meetings, which can ...

DeTar, Charles (Charles Frederick)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

International relations, covert action and secret detention: The perceptual theory of legitimacy and government decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Governments are driven by a desire by to maintain their legitimacy, and so must take public perception into account in its decision making. We present four studies using the Perceptual Theory of Legitimacy (Crandall & ...

Cox, Owen

2009-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

136

Intelligent decision-making system with green pervasive computing for renewable energy business in electricity markets on smart grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is about the intelligent decision-making system for the smart grid based electricity market which requires distributed decision making on the competitive environments composed of many players and components. It is very important to consider ...

Dong-Joo Kang; Jong Hyuk Park; Sang-Soo Yeo

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Where are all the white kids?: the effects of race in juvenile court decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WHERE ARE ALL THE WHITE KIDS? THE EFFECTS OF RACE IN JUVENILE COURT DECISION MAKING A Dissertation by PAUL KETCHUM Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2008 Major Subject: Sociology WHERE ARE ALL THE WHITE KIDS? THE EFFECTS OF RACE IN JUVENILE COURT DECISION MAKING A Dissertation by PAUL KETCHUM Submitted to the Office of Graduate...

Ketchum, Paul Robert

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

138

A Framework for Making Sustainable Cleanup Decisions Using the KONVERGENCE Model  

SciTech Connect

The effects of closure decisions for used nuclear facilities can extend centuries into the future. Yet, the longevity of decisions made over the past half century has been poor. Our goal is an improved decision framework for decommissioning, stewardship, and waste management. This paper describes our overall framework. Companion papers describe the underlying philosophy of the KONVERGENCE Model for Sustainable Decisions1 and implications for a class of intractable decision problems.2 Where knowledge, values, and resources converge (the K, V, and R in KONVERGENCE), you will find a sustainable decision a decision that works over time. Our approach clarifies what is needed to make and keep decisions over relevant time periods. The process guides participants through establishing the real problem, understanding the universes of knowledge, values, resources, and generating alternatives. We explore three classes of alternatives reusable (e.g. greenfield), closed (e.g. entombed structures), and adaptable. After testing for konvergence of alternatives among knowledge, values, resources, we offer suggestions to diagnose divergence, to reduce divergence by refining alternatives to address identified weaknesses, and to plan to keep konvergence over the life of the decision. We believe that decisions made via this method will better stand the test of time because it will be either acceptable to keep them unchanged or possible to adapt them as knowledge, values, and resources change.

Piet, Steven James; Dettmers, Dana Lee; Dakins, Maxine Ellen; Eide, Steven Arvid; Gibson, Patrick Lavern; Joe, Jeffrey Clark; Kerr, Thomas A; Nitschke, Robert Leon; Oswald, Kyle Blaine; Reisenauer, John Phillip

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Clinical decision-making and therapeutic approaches in osteopathy A qualitative grounded theory study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract There is limited understanding of how osteopaths make decisions in relation to clinical practice. The aim of this research was to construct an explanatory theory of the clinical decision-making and therapeutic approaches of experienced osteopaths in the UK. Twelve UK registered osteopaths participated in this constructivist grounded theory qualitative study. Purposive and theoretical sampling was used to select participants. Data was collected using semi-structured interviews which were audio-recorded and transcribed. As the study approached theoretical sufficiency, participants were observed and video-recorded during a patient appointment, which was followed by a video-prompted interview. Constant comparative analysis was used to analyse and code data. Data analysis resulted in the construction of three qualitatively different therapeutic approaches which characterised participants and their clinical practice, termed; Treater, Communicator and Educator. Participants' therapeutic approach influenced their approach to clinical decision-making, the level of patient involvement, their interaction with patients, and therapeutic goals. Participants' overall conception of practice lay on a continuum ranging from technical rationality to professional artistry, and contributed to their therapeutic approach. A range of factors were identified which influenced participants' conception of practice. The findings indicate that there is variation in osteopaths' therapeutic approaches to practice and clinical decision-making, which are influenced by their overall conception of practice. This study provides the first explanatory theory of the clinical decision-making and therapeutic approaches of osteopaths.

Oliver P. Thomson; Nicola J. Petty; Ann P. Moore

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

A decision making model using soft set and rough set on fuzzy approximation spaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In modern era of computing, there is a need of development in data analysis and decision making. Most of our tools are crisp, deterministic and precise in character. But general real life situations contains uncertainties. To handle such uncertainties many theories are developed such as fuzzy set, rough set, rough set on fuzzy approximation spaces etc. But all these theories have their own limitations. To overcome the limitations, the concept of soft set is introduced. But, soft set also fails if the attributes in the information system are almost identical rather exactly identical. In this paper, we propose a decision making model that consists of two processes such as preprocess and postprocess to mine decisions. In preprocess we use rough set on fuzzy approximation spaces to get the almost equivalence classes whereas in postprocess we use soft set techniques to obtain decisions. The proposed model is tested over an institutional dataset and the results show practical viability of the proposed research.

T.K. Das; D.P. Acharjya

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Sport fishery management in East Matagorda Bay (Texas): an analysis of decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

insight into an appropriate means of gathering and interpreting sociological and economic data and the importance of considering these aspects (in addition to ecological concerns) in decision making. Second, it provides a basic This thesis follows... Bay case. Agency decisions are often met with charges of bias, data manipulation and falsification of data (Heffernan and Kemp 1982). Furthermore, agencies are expected to provide expertise in sociology and economics in addition to ecology...

Ritter, Mary Christine

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

142

Midterm decision-making framework for an electricity retailer based on Information Gap Decision Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In midterm planning, the objective of an electricity retailer is to manage a portfolio of different contracts and to determine the selling price offered to its clients. This paper provides a novel technique based on Information Gap Decision Theory (IGDT) to assess different strategies for a retailer under unstructured pool price uncertainty. This method can be used as a tool for assessing the risk levels, considering whether a retailer is risk-taking or risk-averse regarding its midterm strategies. Supply sources include forward contracts, a limited self-generating facility, and the pool. It is shown that in robust strategy, procurement from sources with uncertain prices decreases. Also, the selling price offered to the consumers rises, decreasing the actual demand of the retailer, and consequently the expected profit is decreased. A case study is used to illustrate the proposed technique.

Mansour Charwand; Zeinab Moshavash

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Gains and losses in the eyes of the beholder: a comparative study of foreign policy decision making under risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prospect theory is a descriptive model of individual decision-making under risk (Kahneman and Tversky 1979). The central tenet of prospect theory posits that the risk orientation of decision-makers is affected by the gains vs. losses domains...

Yang, Yi

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

144

Using the PROMETHEE Multi-Criteria Decision Making Method to Define New Exploration Strategies for Rescue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the environment. The aim of the exploration process is to cover the whole environment in a minimum period of timeUsing the PROMETHEE Multi-Criteria Decision Making Method to Define New Exploration Strategies University CNRS, UMR 6072 GREYC F-14032 Caen, France serge.stinckwich@ird.fr Abstract -- The exploration

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

145

MultiCriteria Decision Making for Sustainability-Oriented Chemical Process Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MultiCriteria Decision Making for Sustainability-Oriented Chemical Process Design Xun Jin and Karen), Sustainability, Multi-Objective Programming (MOP), Williams-Otto (WO) process, Multiobjective Evolutionary, sustainability has more than ever been elaborated in a wide variety of contexts, including chemical process

High, Karen

146

Distributed Smart-home Decision-making in a Hierarchical Interactive Smart Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Distributed Smart-home Decision-making in a Hierarchical Interactive Smart Grid Architecture Ding develop a comprehensive real-time interactive framework for the Utility and customers in a smart grid complicated smart grid architectures beyond the assumed abstract model. Index Terms--Bayesian Nash equilibria

Jayaweera, Sudharman K.

147

Abstract B67: Role of social support in Pap test decision making among Pacific Islander women  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Abstract B67: Role of social support in Pap test decision making among Pacific Islander...anticipated consequences of getting a Pap test. Items also assessed female participants...participants (49.9%) had received a Pap test within the past three years. A logistic...

Sora Park Tanjasiri; Jie Wu Weiss; Michele Mouttapa; Lola Sablan Santos; Jasmine Lacsamana DeGuzman; Vanessa Tuione May; Lourdes Quitugua; Dorothy Vaivao

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

"Can ants inspire robots?" Self-organized decision making in robotic swarms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on heat [3], alcohol [4], or phosphorescent glowing paint [5]. In the proposed method, every robot has its"Can ants inspire robots?" Self-organized decision making in robotic swarms Arne Brutschy.scheidler@iwes.fraunhofer.de In swarm robotics, large groups of relatively simple robots cooperate so that they can perform tasks

Libre de Bruxelles, Université

149

Approximate Decision Making in Large-Scale Distributed Systems Minos Garofalakis Anthony D. Joseph  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

envision two open problems: efficiently performing on- line decision making with low communication overhead and optimiz- ing the behaviors of the underlying systems (e.g., datacenter design, network resource learning community should now focus on the design of algorithms that function well with limited data. We

Garofalakis, Minos

150

Paternal Genetic Effects on Foraging Decision-Making Under the Risk of Predation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- cific. Less attention has been given to other factors that may affect foraging decision-making such as conversion efficiency. Conversion efficiency is a measure of an individ- ual's ability to convert food differences in conversion efficiency. Ethology Ethology 112 (2006) 963­970 ª 2006 The Authors Journal

Neff, Bryan D.

151

As sustainability becomes integrated into public policy decision making,comprehensive and easily accessible sustainability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As sustainability becomes integrated into public policy decision making,comprehensive and easily accessible sustainability information will be needed to assist policy analysis.As visual analytics emerges as a major tool of policy analysis,sustainability information,particularly sustainability indicators

Hall, Sharon J.

152

Neutrosophic soft sets and neutrosophic soft matrices based on decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Maji\\cite{maj-13}, firstly proposed neutrosophic soft sets can handle the indeterminate information and inconsistent information which exists commonly in belief systems. In this paper, we have firstly redefined complement, union and compared our definitions of neutrosophic soft with the definitions given by Maji. Then, we have introduced the concept of neutrosophic soft matrix and their operators which are more functional to make theoretical studies in the neutrosophic soft set theory. The matrix is useful for storing an neutrosophic soft set in computer memory which are very useful and applicable. Finally, based on some of these matrix operations a efficient methodology named as NSM-decision making has been developed to solve neutrosophic soft set based group decision making problems.

Irfan Deli; Said Broumi

2014-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

153

An expandable software model for collaborative decision making during the whole building life cycle  

SciTech Connect

Decisions throughout the life cycle of a building, from design through construction and commissioning to operation and demolition, require the involvement of multiple interested parties (e.g., architects, engineers, owners, occupants and facility managers). The performance of alternative designs and courses of action must be assessed with respect to multiple performance criteria, such as comfort, aesthetics, energy, cost and environmental impact. Several stand-alone computer tools are currently available that address specific performance issues during various stages of a building's life cycle. Some of these tools support collaboration by providing means for synchronous and asynchronous communications, performance simulations, and monitoring of a variety of performance parameters involved in decisions about a building during building operation. However, these tools are not linked in any way, so significant work is required to maintain and distribute information to all parties. In this paper we describe a software model that provides the data management and process control required for collaborative decision making throughout a building's life cycle. The requirements for the model are delineated addressing data and process needs for decision making at different stages of a building's life cycle. The software model meets these requirements and allows addition of any number of processes and support databases over time. What makes the model infinitely expandable is that it is a very generic conceptualization (or abstraction) of processes as relations among data. The software model supports multiple concurrent users, and facilitates discussion and debate leading to decision making. The software allows users to define rules and functions for automating tasks and alerting all participants to issues that need attention. It supports management of simulated as well as real data and continuously generates information useful for improving performance prediction and understanding of the effects of proposed technologies and strategies.

Papamichael, K.; Pal, V.; Bourassa, N.; Loffeld, J.; Capeluto, G.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Doodle around the world: online scheduling behavior reflects cultural differences in time perception and group decision-making  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Event scheduling is a group decision-making process in which social dynamics influence people's choices and the overall outcome. As a result, scheduling is not simply a matter of finding a mutually agreeable time, but a process that is shaped by social ... Keywords: cross-cultural, decision-making, doodle, event scheduling

Katharina Reinecke; Minh Khoa Nguyen; Abraham Bernstein; Michael Nf; Krzysztof Z. Gajos

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Comparison between statistical and fuzzy approaches for improving diagnostic decision making in patients with chronic nasal symptoms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper compares a fuzzy model, expressed in rule-form, with a well known statistical approach (i.e. logistic regression model) for diagnostic decision making in patients with chronic nasal symptoms. The analyses were carried out using a database ... Keywords: Approximate reasoning, Diagnostic decision making, Fuzzy inference systems, Fuzzy model, Fuzzy relations, Logistic regression model, Nasal symptoms, Skin prick test

Valerio Lacagnina; Maria S. Leto-Barone; Simona La Piana; Gaia La Porta; Giuseppe Pingitore; Gabriele Di Lorenzo

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

A study of decision making in the power plant permitting process in Appalachia. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Results of prior work and prevalent opinion in both private and public sectors suggested that an improved permitting process that assures better communications among decision-making bodies, utility companies and regulating agencies, and which removes inefficiencies could shorten this time lag. Four recently-permitted Appalachian power stations were selected for detailed analysis: Pleasants Power Station, Pleasants County, West Virginia; Miller Steam Plant, Jefferson County, Alabama; Cherokee Power Station, Cherokee County, South Carolina; Homer City Power Station, Indiana County, Pennsylvania.

Not Available

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Designating marine protected areas in the United States and Ecuador: understanding the decision-making process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are central federal agencies and field bureaucracies, producer interests, consumer interests and occasionally Congress. Examples of producer interests in marine policy would be commercial fisheries, and the hydrocarbon industry. Examples of consumer... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences DESIGNATING MARINE PROTECTED AREAS IN THE UNITED STATES AND ECUADOR: UNDERSTANDING THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS A Thesis by AMRIT WORK KENDRICK A...

Kendrick, Amrit Work

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Learned Human-in-the-Loop Decision Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stabliization Job Shop Scheduling Motion Control Referencefrom server scheduling to air traffic control. The utilityair traffic control, power grid scheduling, FedEx, and

Basso, Brandon

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Evaluating Case-based Decision Theory: Predicting Empirical Patterns of Human Classification Learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaluating Case-based Decision Theory: Predicting Empirical Patterns of Human Classification which calculates an agent's optimal behavior according to Case- based Decision Theory (Gilboa behavior of this program (and therefore Case-based Decision Theory) correctly predicts the empirically

Tesfatsion, Leigh

160

Bayesian decision theory as a model of human visual perception: Testing Bayesian transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bayesian decision theory as a model of human visual perception: Testing Bayesian transfer LAURENCE November 12, 2008) Abstract Bayesian decision theory (BDT) is a mathematical framework that allows without learning. Keywords: Perception, Bayesian decision theory, Statistical models, Loss function

Maloney, Laurence T.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Risk-based decision making method for maintenance policy selection of thermal power plant equipment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study presents a decision-making method for maintenance policy selection of power plants equipment. The method is based on risk analysis concepts. The method first step consists in identifying critical equipment both for power plant operational performance and availability based on risk concepts. The second step involves the proposal of a potential maintenance policy that could be applied to critical equipment in order to increase its availability. The costs associated with each potential maintenance policy must be estimated, including the maintenance costs and the cost of failure that measures the critical equipment failure consequences for the power plant operation. Once the failure probabilities and the costs of failures are estimated, a decision-making procedure is applied to select the best maintenance policy. The decision criterion is to minimize the equipment cost of failure, considering the costs and likelihood of occurrence of failure scenarios. The method is applied to the analysis of a lubrication oil system used in gas turbines journal bearings. The turbine has more than 150MW nominal output, installed in an open cycle thermoelectric power plant. A design modification with the installation of a redundant oil pump is proposed for lubricating oil system availability improvement.

F.G. Carazas; G.F.M. Souza

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Multicriteria decision making in electricity demand management: the case of Kuwait  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electricity demand in Kuwait has substantially increased over the years and this increase is attributed to population growth, increase in the number of buildings, and the extensive use of air-conditioning system during the very hot weather in the summer. The amount of electrical energy generated reached 48 444 308 megawatt hour (MWH) in 2007. Such growth calls for extensive investment in the continuous expansion of the existing power plants and constructing new ones. To rationalise the consumption of electricity, several conservation policies have to be implemented. In this work, we have attempted to diagnose such problem and solicit expert opinions in order to provide the proper remedies. Because the problem comprises several criteria that are subjective in nature, multicriteria decision-making approaches were suggested. The Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used as a decision tool to assess the different policies that could be used to bring about electricity conservation.

Mohammed Hajeeh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

An integrated information fusion approach based on the theory of evidence and group decision-making  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

DempsterShafer theory of evidence has been employed as a major method for reasoning with multiple evidence. The Dempsters rule of combination is however incapable of managing highly conflicting evidence coming from different information sources at the normalization step. Extending current rules, we incorporate the ideas of group decision-making into the theory of evidence and propose an integrated approach to automatically identify and discount unreliable evidence. An adaptive robust combination rule that incorporates the information contained in the consistent focal elements is then constructed to combine such evidence. This rule adjusts the weights of the conjunctive and disjunctive rules according to a function of the consistency of focal elements. The theoretical arguments are supported by numerical experiments. Compared to existing combination rules, the proposed approach can obtain a reasonable and reliable decision, as well as the level of uncertainty about it.

Yee Leung; Nan-Nan Ji; Jiang-Hong Ma

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Exploring the relation between evidence and decision-making A political-administrative approach to health impact assessment  

SciTech Connect

Like any policy-relevant research, HIA faces the risk of not being used by decisions-makers. This article addresses the questions: 'How do policy decisions come about?' and 'How does this affect HIA?' Current literature in political-administrative sciences identifies three ways for decision-making: rational, incremental and mixed model. These models define the relationship between the policy process at stake and the HIA. In incremental or mixed model decision-making, use of HIA evidence by policy-makers is heavily dependent on their values in the context, which may result in conceptual utilization or may extend to strategic utilization. In rational decision-making, HIA provides information independent from the context, which results in instrumental utilization. HIA practitioners need to optimise utilization and produce an appropriate HIA by mapping the policy process. They can do this by asking the questions 'What? How? Who? and What context? and by maintaining continuous communication with the decision-makers. An appropriate HIA is policy-, time- and place-specific: reflecting the decision-making of the policy at stake. Furthermore, HIA concerns two policy fields with two different contexts and, in some cases, two different decision-making models. The administrative requirements for an appropriate HIA need further exploration.

Bekker, Marleen P.M.; Putters, Kim; Grinten, Tom E.D. van der

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Dual-process theories of decision-making: A selective survey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Brain modularity is a key concept in neuroscience. It challenges the common view of the single coherent self adopted in many disciplines, including economics. Multi-process theories of decision-making rely on the existence of several brain systems interacting with each other to revisit standard paradigms of choice, propose choices that fit the behavioral data better, and offer testable predictions. In this paper, we present a selective review of our recent research in this area. We focus on constrained optimization models rather than the computational models extensively used in neuroscience.

Isabelle Brocas; Juan D. Carrillo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Opportunity cost principles for life cycle assessment: toward strategic decision making in agriculture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Life cycle assessment (LCA) is increasingly used for products that require natural resources as important inputs. Relating environmental impacts to the whole production chain makes the method often interpreted as holistic and useful for environmental policy and strategic decision-making. The authors of this paper argue that there are limitations of using LCA for such purposes in food production. Using a product context as basis for the functional unit and the system boundaries may result in false indications of total environmental impacts. Therefore, we suggest that opportunity cost (OC) principles should be included into the LCA method. The significance of the OC principles is shown by using a published case study comparing a conventional and an organic milk production system. The LCA-OC assessment shows that extensive organic farming may result in higher outputs of greenhouse gases than more intensive conventional methods when related effects of alternative land use are considered.

Daniel Berlin; Hans-Erik Uhlin

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

A case study of an expert mathematics teacher's interactive decision-making system using physiological and behavioral time series data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this exploratory case study was to describe an expert teacher?s decision-making system during interactive instruction using teacher self-report information, classroom observation data, and physiological recordings. Timed recordings...

Jensen, Deborah Larkey

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

168

Social Decision-making Processes in Local Contexts: An STS Case Study on Nuclear Power Plant Siting in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This is an STS case study of the social decision-making process on the siting of a nuclear power plant in Japan, from the point of view of a ... and the phase involving introduction into society. Nuclear power te...

Kohta Juraku; Tatsujiro Suzuki; Osamu Sakura

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Finance capital markets and corporate decision-making processes: The case of W. T. Grant Company's bankruptcy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of capital markets on corporate decision making has been a focus of scholarly attention for more than a century. The existing literature has remained sparse, however, in detailed analyses of the proces...

Davita Silfen Glasberg

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Supporting Event-based Unified Data Access/query over Integrated Data-views for Decision Making in Geographic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Systems (GIS) increasingly relies on analyses of spatial data in map- based formats. Maps are complex, GIS, federation, Web Services, information rendering, Service Oriented Architecture. Abstract-warning systems. Decision making in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) increasingly relies on analyses

171

Risk Analysis and Decision-Making Software Package (1997 Version) User Manual  

SciTech Connect

This manual provides instructions for using the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) risk analysis and decision making software (1997 version) developed at BDM Petroleum Technologies by BDM-Oklahoma, Inc. for DOE, under contract No. DE-AC22-94PC91OO8. This software provides petroleum producers with a simple, handy tool for exploration and production risk analysis and decision-making. It collects useful risk analysis tools in one package so that users do not have to use several programs separately. The software is simple to use, but still provides many functions. The 1997 version of the software package includes the following tools: (1) Investment risk (Gambler's ruin) analysis; (2) Monte Carlo simulation; (3) Best fit for distribution functions; (4) Sample and rank correlation; (5) Enhanced oil recovery method screening; and (6) artificial neural network. This software package is subject to change. Suggestions and comments from users are welcome and will be considered for future modifications and enhancements of the software. Please check the opening screen of the software for the current contact information. In the future, more tools will be added to this software package. This manual includes instructions on how to use the software but does not attempt to fully explain the theory and algorithms used to create it.

Chung, F.T.H.

1999-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

172

Waste-to-energy in the United States: Socioeconomic factors and the decision-making process  

SciTech Connect

Municipal solid waste (MSW) combustion with energy recovery, commonly called waste-to-energy (WTE), was adopted by many US communities during the 1980s to manage their growing quantities of MSW. Although less than one percent of all US MSW was burned to retrieve its heat energy in 1970, WTE grew to account for 16 percent of MSW in 1990, and many experts forecasted that WTE would be used to manage as much as half of all garbage by the turn of the century. However, the growth of WTE has been reduced in recent years by project cancellations. This study takes an in-depth look at the socioeconomic factors that have played a role in the decisions of communities that have considered WTE as a component of their solid waste management strategies. More specifically, a three-pronged approach is adopted to investigate (1) the relationships between a municipality`s decision to consider and accept/reject WTE and key socioeconomic parameters, (2) the potential impacts of recent changes in financial markets on the viability of WTE, and (3) the WTE decision-making process and the socioeconomic parameters that are most important in the municipality`s decision. The first two objectives are met by the collection and analysis of aggregate data on all US WTE initiatives during the 1982 to 1990 time frame. The latter objective is met by way of four in-depth case studies -- two directed at communities that have accepted WTE and two that have cancelled WTE projects.

Curlee, T.R.; Schexnayder, S.M.; Vogt, D.P.; Wolfe, A.K.; Kelsay, M.P.; Feldman, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Socially responsible investment in Malaysia: behavioral framework in evaluating investors' decision making process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Socially responsible investment (SRI) is the method of investment decisions on social, ethics, and/or environment within the context of rigorous financial analysis. This study aims to examine the role of intention, attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control and moral norms in explaining SRI behavior by investors in Malaysia. The underlying framework is the Theory of Planned Behavior (TpB) that has been modified to incorporate moral norms as an additional explanatory variable. Studies that apply TpB in their measurement of behavior indicate a mix of explanations for the relationship of constructs that influence behavior through intention which warrant further examinations. The results based on a questionnaire survey of Malaysian investors suggest that attitude, subjective norms and moral norms have positive effect on intention which in turn positively affects behavior towards SRI. The relationship for attitude, subjective norms, and moral norms to behavior is improved significantly by intention as a mediator. Based on squared multiple correlations (R2), it is found that the final structural model could explain 46% of the variance in intention and 50% of the variance in behavior. SRI providers and policy makers should also consider the influence of social pressure from investors' friends and relatives in their SRI decision-making. Investors' personal standards are also found to influence the intention and behavior to invest in SRI.

Ainul Azreen Adam; Elvia R. Shauki

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Social setting, intuition, and experience in lab experiments interact to shape cooperative decision-making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent studies suggest that cooperative decision-making in one-shot interactions is a history-dependent dual process: promoting intuition versus deliberation has typically a positive effect on cooperation (duality) among people living in a cooperative setting and with no previous experience in economic games on cooperation (history-dependence). Here we report a large experiment exploring how these findings transfer to a non-cooperative setting. We find three major results: (i) promoting intuition versus deliberation has no effect on cooperative behavior among inexperienced subjects living in a non-cooperative setting; (ii) experienced subjects are much more cooperative than inexperienced subjects; and (iii) experience has a U-shaped effect on cooperation: subjects with little experience cooperate the least. We also find evidence that the behavioral transition between little experienced subjects and experienced subjects is primarily driven by intuitive responses. These results suggest that cooperation is a slo...

Capraro, Valerio

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Applications of neural networks to monitoring and decision making in the operation of nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect

Application of neural networks to monitoring and decision making in the operation of nuclear power plants is being investigated under a US Department of Energy sponsored program at the University of Tennessee. Projects include the feasibility of using neural networks for the following tasks: (1) diagnosing specific abnormal conditions or problems in nuclear power plants, (2) detection of the change of mode of operation of the plant, (3) validating signals coming from detectors, (4) review of noise'' data from TVA's Sequoyah Nuclear Power Plant, and (5) examination of the NRC's database of Letter Event Reports'' for correlation of sequences of events in the reported incidents. Each of these projects and its status are described briefly in this paper. This broad based program has as its objective the definition of the state-of-the-art in using neural networks to enhance the performance of commercial nuclear power plants.

Uhrig, R.E. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States) Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

The development and testing of a nonconsequentialist decision-making model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the current study had participants discuss the "biggest" decision they are currently facing in their lives. Data was collected regarding indecisiveness, nonconsequentialist dysfunctional decisional coping behavior, and decision difficulty. The findings show...

Elaydi, Raed Saber

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

177

Continuous human cell lines and method of making same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Substantially genetically stable continuous human cell lines derived from normal human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC) and processes for making and using the same. In a preferred embodiment, the cell lines are derived by treating normal human mammary epithelial tissue with a chemical carcinogen such as benzo(a)pyrene. The novel cell lines serve as useful substrates for elucidating the potential effects of a number of toxins, carcinogens and mutagens as well as of the addition of exogenous genetic material. The autogenic parent cells from which the cell lines are derived serve as convenient control samples for testing. The cell lines are not neoplastically transformed, although they have acquired several properties which distinguish them from their normal progenitors. 2 tabs.

Stampfer, M.R.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Continuous human cell lines and method of making same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Substantially genetically stable continuous human cell lines derived from normal human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC) and processes for making and using the same. In a preferred embodiment, the cell lines are derived by treating normal human mammary epithelial tissue with a chemical carcinogen such as benzo[a]pyrene. The novel cell lines serve as useful substrates for elucidating the potential effects of a number of toxins, carcinogens and mutagens as well as of the addition of exogenous genetic material. The autogenic parent cells from which the cell lines are derived serve as convenient control samples for testing. The cell lines are not neoplastically transformed, although they have acquired several properties which distinguish them from their normal progenitors.

Stampfer, Martha R. (Oakland, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Semi-Structured Decision Processes: A Conceptual Framework for Understanding Human-Automation Decision Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this work is to improve understanding of existing and proposed decision systems, ideally to improve the design of future systems. A "decision system" is defined as a collection of

Kaliardos, William N.

180

Economic Decision Making Model for Geothermal Sludge Disposal alternatives (EDM-GSD): Version 1. 0  

SciTech Connect

The Economic Decision Making Model for Geothermal Sludge Disposal Alternatives-Version 1.0'' (EDM-GSD 1.0) is a microcomputer-based dynamic model developed to assist in determining the benefits and costs of various geothermal solid waste treatment procedures. It is intended for use by geothermal managers in dealing with geothermal waste and treatment process issues as a means to assist in overcoming the technical and economic barriers to expanded geothermal energy utilization. The model is based on a 50MW flash plant. However, it is designed to provide the user with sufficient flexibility when inputing data to analyze all types of geothermal plants. Default values for economic and technical parameters can be overridden by the user through the input of specific data. In addition, data can be changed for any year of an analysis to account for desired changes in input parameters such as costs and distance to disposal sites. The results of the model will allow the user to: Determine current geothermal plant disposal costs; Evaluate the cost-effectiveness of alternative treatment techniques; and Evaluate the economic effects of changes in disposal regulations.

Not Available

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Global patent filing strategies: an application of multi-criteria decision-making model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper adopts the Multi-Criteria Decision-Making (MCDM) model to study global patent filing strategies of Taiwanese companies in seven targeted countries ?? USA, China, Japan, UK, Sweden, Germany, and Taiwan. Ten criteria were identified and classified into four first tier criteria through the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). The opinions of 29 experts, with engineering, marketing, and academia backgrounds, were surveyed. Patent filing of Micro Gas Turbine (MGT) technologies was selected as an exemplified case for this study. The results indicated that the USA was ranked #1 in MGT's patent filing priority, followed by Japan, Taiwan, Germany, UK, Sweden, and China. The first tier marketing consideration had the highest weight value of 40.7%, followed by legal consideration (31.5%), management consideration (18.4%), and R&D consideration (9.4%). Out of the ten second-tier evaluation criteria, patent protection and enforcement had the highest weight of 20.11%. The duration of a patent had the least weight of 4.69%. The policy implications, strategies, negotiation guidelines, and R&D investments for global patent filing were discussed.

Nien-Chu Wu; Hsiao-Cheng Yu; Tenpao Lee

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Human-automation collaboration : decision support for lunar and planetary exploration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Balancing task allocation between humans and computers is crucial to the development of effective decision support systems. This thesis investigates the appropriate balance between humans and automation for geospatial path ...

Mrquez, Jessica J., 1976-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Innovative decision-making methods for the preliminary design and operations of air-cushion and other marine vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ship design is a large-scale, multi-level, complex problem that requires decision-making at every stage of the design process. As such, it requires a great deal of time and resources. The evolution of the process of ship ...

Gougoulidis, Georgios

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

A Life-Cycle Approach To Technology, Infrastructure, And Climate Policy Decision Making: Transitioning To Plug-In  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Life-Cycle Approach To Technology, Infrastructure, And Climate Policy Decision Making: Transitioning To Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles And Low-Carbon Electricity A Dissertation Submitted in partial) and energy security (petroleum displacement) benefits. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), which use

185

Economics is the study of choice and decision-making in the face of scarce resources, both at the individual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economics is the study of choice and decision-making in the face of scarce resources, both or entire industries such as manufacturing. Economics graduates are in high demand by many different on the Economics Department web site under the alumni section. A national survey for the Class of 2012 shows

Saldin, Dilano

186

Imprecise Reliability Assessment and Decision-Making when the Type of the Probability Distribution of the Random Variables is  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Imprecise Reliability Assessment and Decision-Making when the Type of the Probability Distribution of the Random Variables is Unknown Efstratios Nikolaidis Department of Mechanical Industrial@oakland.edu First ISSMO Internet Conference on Reliability-based Structural Optimization Keywords: Imprecise

Nikolaidis, Efstratios

187

E-Print Network 3.0 - applied decision making Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FOR DECISION RULES 12;5. STRICT ... Source: Chen, Yiling - School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University Collection: Computer Technologies and Information...

188

Group decisions in humans and animals: a survey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...examples of informational cascades include fads or stock...Unshared decision, A natural science term for a decision...controlling greenhouse gas emissions). Group decision...phenomenon of informational cascades mentioned earlier (Bikhchandani...reports on some complex natural or socio-economic phenomena...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

The Muzzi marsh: a case study and analysis of wetland restoration decision-making in San Francisco Bay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE MUZZI MARSH: A CASE STUDY AND ANALYSIS OF WETLAND RESTORATION DECISION-MAKING IN SAN FRANCISCO SAY A Thesis by WILLIAM JOSEPH RRAH Subm1tted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University i n part1 al fulf11 l ment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1982 Major Subject: Management THE NUZ71 NPRSH: A CASF STUDY AND ANALYSIS UF ~WETLAND RESTORATION DECISION-NP, KIN( IN SAN FRANCISCO BAY A Thesis hy blI L LIAM JOSEPH BRAH Approved as to style and content hy: C...

Brah, William Joseph

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

190

An Intelligent Policy Simulator for Supporting Strategic Nuclear Policy Decision Making  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the biggest challenges for strategic nuclear policy decision-makers is to discern nuclear proliferation intentions of nation states despite information ... . This chapter suggests a new computationally int...

Suman Rao

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

AN ECONOMIC EXPLORATION OF PREVENTION VERSUS RESPONSE IN ANIMAL RELATED BIOTERRORISM DECISION MAKING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN ECONOMIC EXPLORATION OF PREVENTION VERSUS RESPONSE IN ANIMAL RELATED BIOTERRORISM DECISION Major Subject: Agricultural Economics #12;AN ECONOMIC EXPLORATION OF PREVENTION VERSUS RESPONSE of Department) December 2004 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics #12;iii ABSTRACT An Economic Exploration

McCarl, Bruce A.

192

Revised process for work zone decision-making based on quantitative performance measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Work zones create one of the most challenging environments for drivers. Implementing work zones on urban freeways creates many issues, especially with respect to mobility. Decisions made regarding the work zone should be informed by quantitative...

Hartmann, Thomas Wayne

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

193

Small livestock farmer participation in the making of agricultural policy decisions in Trinidad and Tobago  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and their choice of communication method to foster participation was also measured. Three decision models were developed. The results provided evidence which government can use to share power with small farmers through participation. The findings showed...

La Borde Grant, Patricia

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

GIS-Supported Decision Making for Low-Temperature Geothermal Energy in Central Italy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The project specifications of a geospatial decision support system are described in this chapter. The system is dedicated to the low-temperature geothermal energy, and it allows to build spatial models of the res...

Alberto Gemelli; Adriano Mancini

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

The Design Decisions Laboratory develops theories and tools to understand and assist decision-making in design and product development. The group is  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Design Decisions Laboratory develops theories and tools to understand and assist decision design tradeoff decisions as well as the impact of those decisions on public and private stakeholders of economics and public policy on design decisions and the resulting environmental impact of those decisions

Michalek, Jeremy J.

196

Locating Protein Coding Regions in Human DNA using a Decision Tree Algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NTRODUCT I ON The Human Genome Project and the many major sequencing efforts that fall under its demesneLocating Protein Coding Regions in Human DNA using a Decision Tree Algorithm Steven Salzberg would be extremely valuable. Human DNA sequence presents the most important challenge for automated gene

Salzberg, Steven

197

Towards value-based pricing--An integrative framework for decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

re- search by McKinsey & Company has shown that less than 15% of companies do any systematic research involving the pricing decision for a major product launch at a global chemical company. D 2003 Elsevier Inc Fortune 500 Company. Tel.: +43-173-39-14-064. E-mail address: andreas@hinterhuber.org (A. Hinterhuber). 1

Muðan, Uðurhan

198

Multitiered Supply Chain Networks: Multicriteria DecisionMaking under Uncertainty June Dong and Ding Zhang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Massachusetts Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 Appears in Annals of Operations Research (2005) 135 the demands associated with the product are random. We derive the optimality conditions for the decision for production loading planning for a textile company under a quick response requirement. In this paper, we

Nagurney, Anna

199

Use (and abuse) of expert elicitation in support of decision making for public policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...water small modular reactors . Proc Natl Acad Sci USA...1998 ) Uncertainty analysis in risk assessment...from experts in risk analysis . Risk Anal 19 ( 2...Advances in Decision Analysis: From Foundations to Applications...Cheng CH ( 2009 ) The reliability of aggregated probability...

M. Granger Morgan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

STATE AND TRAIT ANXIETY EFFECTS ON DECISION-MAKING: PREDICTING HEURISTIC VERSUS ANALYTIC STRATEGY ADOPTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

design and decision framing when working with individuals high in anxiety. v Table of Contents A. Acknowledgements .. iii B. Abstract . iv C. Table of Contents... , 21 b. Results .. 27 H. Discussion . 43 I. References .. 56 J. Appendices .. 62 vi List of Tables Table...

O'Hare, Aminda Jo

2010-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Local environmental decision-making with the California environmental quality act: a Santa Barbara case study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). The ERC and staff review projects, hold public hearings, and certify environmental documents. Staff support is provided through the Planning Division of the Community Development Department. Decisions on the need for an EIR may be appealed to the City..., it appears that hotel projects generated the most controversy and comments, followed by residential projects. This holds true for both agencies. Commercial projects in the City were also controversial. Since the City projects were often in 30 areas...

Karstadt, Kent Leonard

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

TRELLIS: An Interactive Tool for Capturing Information Analysis and Decision Making  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

TRELLIS provides an interactive environment that allows users to add their observations, opinions, and conclusions as they analyze information by making semantic annotations about on-line documents. TRELLIS includes a vocabulary and markup language for ...

Yolanda Gil; Varun Ratnakar

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Barnyard politics : a decision rationale representation for the analysis of simple political situations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How can a computational system understand decisions in the domain of politics? In order to build computational systems that understand decisions in the abstract political space, we must first understand human decision-making ...

Shahdadi, Arian, 1980-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Industrial Decision Making- Improving Petroleum Refining Performance through Better Economic Performance Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Performance Making product from crude oil is a very much more complicated process than the foregoing simple example cited. One of the major complications results from the fact that when making salable product by converting crude oil, the results produce a... volumetric gain. That is, for every 100 barrels of crude oil processed, the outtum may be 110 or 115 equivalent barrels of products ( see figure 1). This looks too good to be true! The reason this anomaly occurs is that in the conversion of crude oil...

Mergens, E. H.

205

A Force-Field Analysis on the Organizational Landscape Influencing Presidential Decision-Making at Small, Private, Liberal Arts Colleges in Iowa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study serves the purpose of understanding presidential leadership and the forces that either restrain or influence their decision-making for change and adaptability at six small, private, liberal arts colleges (SPLACs) in Iowa. By utilizing a...

Parker, Gerald Coleman

2013-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

206

Radiation protection and decision-making on cleanup of contaminated urban environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

--4000 Roskilde,4000 Roskilde, DenmarkDenmark NKS Conference on Radioactive Contamination in Urban Areas-making NKS Conference on Radioactive Contamination in Urban Areas, Risø National Laboratory, 7 - 9 May 2003Justification of cleanup NKS Conference on Radioactive Contamination in Urban Areas, Risø National Laboratory, 7 - 9 May

207

The precautionary principle: a new approach to public decision-making?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......on this issue. Some risks (such as exposure to...case, probabilistic risk estimates should not...claim the PP to be the political basis of sustainability...costs of human-made risks should not be externalised...problems of transparency and insurance cover, the recommendation......

Katie Steele

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture  

SciTech Connect

A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed. SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Jrgensen, 1994) in which systems are modelled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

Francesco Danuso

2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

209

Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed. SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Jrgensen, 1994) in which systems are modelled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

Francesco Danuso

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

210

Interactive computer simulation of dairy farm systems as a method for making energy management decisions  

SciTech Connect

To facilitate management decisions an analytical model was developed to predict energy and labor requirements and costs for milking and feed handling systems. The Dairy Farm Simulation Model was based on detailed time and motion studies, and energy audits of 21 dairy farms in Michigan. Data included labor hours and energy consumption per month for each operation required for milking and feed handling and charges based on Detroit Edison electrical rate schedules. The result of optimizing the electrical rate charges for simulated milking systems is indicated by the Time-of-Day Rate Schedule which provides the lowest cost to farm operators willing to adjust milking times. Simulation of mobile and stationary feeding systems for six herd sizes includes calculations of capital investment and operating costs in addition to labor and energy cost. Results indicate that mobile systems required a lower investment cost while stationary systems realize lower energy costs. Labor requirements per cow decreased as herd size increased for mobile systems, but remained the same for stationary systems regardless of herd size. The energy required to operate each system, based on the number of oil barrel equivalents, indicates the stationary system required less energy for herd sizes up to and including 150 cows, while mobile systems indicate a lower energy requirement for herd sizes greater than 150 cows. In general, no single system emerged as the best, rather it depended on the operator's personal preference.

Hewett, E.J. III

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Perception of genetic risk in sexual and reproductive decision-making (PGRID) by college students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/exclusion criteria and purling. This systematic review appears to be one of the first conducted using factors influencing genetic risk perceptions and human mate selection; to the best of my knowledge, no reviews have examined the methodological quality... examined, or purled, for additional studies of interest. Purling has been used in numerous systematic literature reviews and allows the reviewer to add studies to his or her sample that might have been missed during electronic database searches...

Honore?, Heather Helaine

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

212

Using knowledge in a complex decision-making process Evidence and principles from the Danish Houting project's ecosystem-based management approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In ecosystem-based management (EBM), the use of knowledge is considered an important means to reach sound decisions. However, EBM approaches typically entail complex decision-making processes, involving multiple actors and policy levels. Hence, it is questionable whether and how knowledge can be used as a means to reach sound decisions. This paper explores and evaluates the knowledge governance employed by decision-makers to successfully implement EBM in a complex setting. Conclusions are drawn from a case study based on 30 qualitative interviews, document analysis, and observational participation in Denmark's second largest river restoration project, the Houting project. Our findings suggest that disjointed knowledge governance, knowledge bases acknowledging different values and interests, and the use of experiments were crucial to the success, but at the same time partly restricted the quality, of decision-making in the project. Several suggestions are made on how to compensate for the shortcomings identified.

Diana Giebels; Arwin van Buuren; Jurian Edelenbos

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Algorithms for simulating human pre-mRNA splicing decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I developed a program, ExonScan, to simulate constitutive human pre-mRNA splicing. ExonScan includes several models for splicing components, including splice sites, exonic splicing enhancers, exonic splicing ...

Rolish, Michael E. (Michael Edward)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Integrated Assessment of Risk and Sustainability in the Context of Regulatory Decision Making  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Singh et al.(37) developed a comprehensive overview of composite indices that have been used for sustainability evaluation, and identified 12 separate categories: (1) innovation, knowledge, and technology indices (e.g., Summary Innovation Index); (2) development indices (e.g., Human Development index); (3) market- and economy-based indices (e.g., Composite Leading Indicators); (4) ecosystem-based indices (e.g., Sustainability Performance Index); (5) composite sustainability performance indicators for industries (e.g., Composite Sustainable Development Index); (6) investment, ratings, and asset management indices (e.g., Dow Jones Sustainability Group Indices); (7) Product-Based Indices (e.g., Life Cycle index); (8) sustainability indices for cities (e.g., Urban Sustainability index); (9) environmental indices for policies, nations, and regions (e.g., Environmental Sustainability Index); (10) environmental indices for cities (e.g., Eco-Indicator 99); (11) energy-based indices (e.g., Sustainability Assessment Tool for Energy System); and (12) social and quality of life indices (e.g., Physical Quality of Life Index). ... And risk management (Phase III) would entail consideration of relevant social norms and values, ethical and moral issues, economic costs and benefits, legal constraints, political realities, and technical and scientific information necessary to select a sustainable course of action, instead of focusing exclusively on how to minimize risks to human health and environmental quality as is presently the case with the conventional RARM paradigm. ...

Ken Sexton; Stephen H. Linder

2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

215

How Effective Is a Virtual Consultation Process in Facilitating Multidisciplinary Decision-Making for Malignant Epidural Spinal Cord Compression?  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of a virtual consultation (VC) process in determining treatment strategy for patients with malignant epidural spinal cord compression (MESCC). Methods and Materials: A prospective clinical database was maintained for patients with MESCC. A virtual consultation process (involving exchange of key predetermined clinical information and diagnostic imaging) facilitated rapid decision-making between oncologists and spinal surgeons. Diagnostic imaging was reviewed retrospectively (by R.R.) for surgical opinions in all patients. The primary outcome was the accuracy of virtual consultation opinion in predicting the final treatment recommendation. Results: After excluding 20 patients who were referred directly to the spinal surgeon, 125 patients were eligible for virtual consultation. Of the 46 patients who had a VC, surgery was recommended in 28 patients and actually given to 23. A retrospective review revealed that 5/79 patients who did not have a VC would have been considered surgical candidates. The overall accuracy of the virtual consultation process was estimated at 92%. Conclusion: The VC process for MESCC patients provides a reliable means of arriving at a multidisciplinary opinion while minimizing patient transfer. This can potentially shorten treatment decision time and enhance clinical outcomes.

Fitzpatrick, David [Palliative Radiation Oncology Program and Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto (Canada) [Palliative Radiation Oncology Program and Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto (Canada); St Luke's Hospital, Dublin (Ireland); Grabarz, Daniel [Palliative Radiation Oncology Program and Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto (Canada) [Palliative Radiation Oncology Program and Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto (Canada); Centro Oncologia Mendel and Associados, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Wang, Lisa [Department of Biostatistics, Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto (Canada)] [Department of Biostatistics, Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto (Canada); Bezjak, Andrea [Palliative Radiation Oncology Program and Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto (Canada)] [Palliative Radiation Oncology Program and Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto (Canada); Fehlings, Michael G. [Division of Neurosurgery, Krembil Neuroscience Center, Spinal Program, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto (Canada)] [Division of Neurosurgery, Krembil Neuroscience Center, Spinal Program, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto (Canada); Fosker, Christopher [Palliative Radiation Oncology Program and Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto (Canada)] [Palliative Radiation Oncology Program and Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto (Canada); Rampersaud, Raja [Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Krembil Neuroscience Center, Spinal Program, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto (Canada)] [Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Krembil Neuroscience Center, Spinal Program, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto (Canada); Wong, Rebecca K.S., E-mail: rebecca.wong@rmp.uhn.on.ca [Palliative Radiation Oncology Program and Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto (Canada)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Applications of neural networks to monitoring and decision making in the operation of nuclear power plants. Summary  

SciTech Connect

Application of neural networks to monitoring and decision making in the operation of nuclear power plants is being investigated under a US Department of Energy sponsored program at the University of Tennessee. Projects include the feasibility of using neural networks for the following tasks: (1) diagnosing specific abnormal conditions or problems in nuclear power plants, (2) detection of the change of mode of operation of the plant, (3) validating signals coming from detectors, (4) review of ``noise`` data from TVA`s Sequoyah Nuclear Power Plant, and (5) examination of the NRC`s database of ``Letter Event Reports`` for correlation of sequences of events in the reported incidents. Each of these projects and its status are described briefly in this paper. This broad based program has as its objective the definition of the state-of-the-art in using neural networks to enhance the performance of commercial nuclear power plants.

Uhrig, R.E. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)]|[Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

217

Artificial neural network based decision-making fault diagnosis in a normalised DC motor system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this write up is to deal with the identification of parameter deviations using Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs). The diagnostic approach is accomplished in two steps: In Step 1, the system is identified using a series of input/output variables through an identification algorithm. In Step 2, the fault is diagnosed comparing the Markov parameters of faulty and non-faulty systems. The ANN is trained using predetermined faulty conditions serves to classify the unknown fault. In Step 1, the identification is done by first formulating a Hankel matrix out of input/output variables and then decomposing the matrix via singular value decomposition technique. For identifying the system online, sliding window approach is adopted wherein an open slit slides over a subset of 'n' input/output variables. The faults are introduced at arbitrary instances and the identification is carried out online. Fault residues are extracted making a comparison of the first five Markov parameters of the faulty and non-faulty systems. The proposed diagnostic approach is illustrated on a normalised DC motor system with encouraging results.

V. Manikandan; N. Devarajan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Household energy use: Applying behavioural economics to understand consumer decision-making and behaviour  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Household energy conservation has emerged as a major challenge and opportunity for researchers, practitioners and policymakers. Consumers also seem to be gaining greater awareness of the value and need for sustainable energy practices, particularly amid growing public concerns over greenhouse gas emissions and climate change. Yet even with adequate knowledge of how to save energy and a professed desire to do so, many consumers still fail to take noticeable steps towards energy efficiency and conservation. There is often a sizeable discrepancy between peoples self-reported knowledge, values, attitudes and intentions, and their observable behaviourexamples include the well-known knowledge-action gap and value-action gap. But neither is household energy consumption driven primarily by financial incentives and the rational pursuit of material interests. In fact, people sometimes respond in unexpected and undesirable ways to rewards and sanctions intended to shift consumers costbenefit calculus in favour of sustainable behaviours. Why is this so? Why is household energy consumption and conservation difficult to predict from either core values or material interests? By drawing on critical insights from behavioural economics and psychology, we illuminate the key cognitive biases and motivational factors that may explain why energy-related behaviour so often fails to align with either the personal values or material interests of consumers. Understanding these psychological phenomena can make household and community responses to public policy interventions less surprising, and in parallel, can help us design more cost-effective and mass-scalable behavioural solutions to encourage renewable and sustainable energy use among consumers.

Elisha R. Frederiks; Karen Stenner; Elizabeth V. Hobman

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Industrial Decision Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Domestic industrial investment has declined due to unfavorable energy prices, and external markets. Investment behavior has changed over the past few years, and will continue due to high labor costs, tight markets and an unstable U.S. economy...

Elliott, R. N.; McKinney, V.; Shipley, A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Wind resource assessment using numerical weather prediction models and multi-criteria decision making technique: case study (Masirah Island, Oman)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Authority for Electricity Regulation in Oman has recently announced the implementation of a 500 kW wind farm pilot project in Masirah Island. Detailed wind resource assessment is then required to identify the most suitable location for this project. This paper presents wind resource assessment using nested ensemble numerical weather prediction (NWP) model's approach at 2.8 km resolution and multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) technique. A case study based on the proposed approach is conducted over Masirah Island, Oman. The resource assessment over the island was based on the mean wind speed and wind power distribution over the entire island at different heights. In addition, important criteria such as turbulence intensity and peak hour matching are also considered. The NWP model results were verified against the available 10 m wind data observations from the meteorological station in the northern part of the island. The resource assessment criteria were evaluated using MCDM technique to score the locations over the island based on their suitability for wind energy applications. Two MCDM approaches namely equally weighted and differently weighted criteria were implemented in this paper.

Sultan Al-Yahyai; Yassine Charabi; Abdullah Al-Badi; Adel Gastli

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Fighting Poverty: "Making Up" a New Society Around the Use of Human Development in Jordan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Fighting Poverty: "Making Up" a New Society Around the Use of Human Development in Jordan of poverty, this paper will focus on the case of Jordan. Specifically, it will explore the political and indices. A 2004 Jordan Human Development Report (JHDR), subtitled Building Sustainable Livelihoods

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

222

Making Better Strategic Decisions,Making Better Strategic Decisions, by Asking If It Is Going To Get Better or Worseby Asking If It Is Going To Get Better or Worse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

intelligence to provide strategic decision support. · see:see: http://ontolog.cim3.netBedford, PatCassidy, KenBaclawski, DuaneNickull & JerryGlenn (v 1.26) NASA-Ontolog-KMWG "OKMDS" mini-series Ontology in Knowledge Management and Decision Support (OKMDS) #12;2 AbstractAbstract · Simply ask "If

Baclawski, Kenneth B.

223

Proposing a decision-making model using analytical hierarchy process and fuzzy expert system for prioritizing industries in installation of combined heat and power systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Restructuring electric power and increasing energy cost encourage large energy consumers to utilize combined heat and power (CHP) systems. In addition to these two factors, the gradual exclusion of subsidies is the third factor intensifying the utilization ... Keywords: Analytic hierarchy process, Combined heat and power, Decision making, Fuzzy expert system, Industry

Mehdi Piltan; Erfan Mehmanchi; S. F. Ghaderi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Web tool for energy policy decision-making through geo-localized LCA models: A focus on offshore wind farms in Northern Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Web tool for energy policy decision-making through geo-localized LCA models: A focus on offshore-dependent life cycle assessment (LCA) taking into ac- count geographical issues is of high interest for different configurations has been developed. Based on a modular LCA model and on collaborative works made

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

225

Mini Symposium The future is uncertain. Still, we have to make decisions, e.g. on how we want to develop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Management How science can support decision making under uncertainty? Mini Symposium #12;Location and Route delta management ­ what do we need from science? by drs. Pieter Bloemen, Delta Programme 10.50-11.10 Adaptive management approaches by prof. Pavel Kabat, IIASA 11.10-11.30 Coffee / tea break 11

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

226

The marketing programme includes an all-important introduction to man-agement decision-making, as well as a set of business functions. Market-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The marketing programme includes an all-important introduction to man- agement decision-making, as well as a set of business functions. Market- ing is indispensable in top management's choice of markets to each of the following marketing policy areas: innovation and channel management, product/market

227

Cross-cultural effects of casualties on foreign policy decision making: South Korea and the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AND METHOD............................................................29 What Is the Cognitive Calculus Model? ....................................................29 The Information Context... ..............................................................................................................................158 xiii LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 3-1 Cognitive Calculus Decision Model...

Park, Nam Tae

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

228

External audit of clinical practice and medical decision making in a new Asian oncology center: Results and implications for both developing and developed nations  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The external audit of oncologist clinical practice is increasingly important because of the incorporation of audits into national maintenance of certification (MOC) programs. However, there are few reports of external audits of oncology practice or decision making. Our institution (The Cancer Institute, Singapore) was asked to externally audit an oncology department in a developing Asian nation, providing a unique opportunity to explore the feasibility of such a process. Methods and Materials: We audited 100 randomly selected patients simulated for radiotherapy in 2003, using a previously reported audit instrument assessing clinical documentation/quality assurance and medical decision making. Results: Clinical documentation/quality assurance, decision making, and overall performance criteria were adequate 74.4%, 88.3%, and 80.2% of the time, respectively. Overall 52.0% of cases received suboptimal management. Multivariate analysis revealed palliative intent was associated with improved documentation/clinical quality assurance (p = 0.07), decision making (p 0.007), overall performance (p = 0.003), and optimal treatment rates (p 0.07); non-small-cell lung cancer or central nervous system primary sites were associated with better decision making (p = 0.001), overall performance (p = 0.03), and optimal treatment rates (p = 0.002). Conclusions: Despite the poor results, the external audit had several benefits. It identified learning needs for future targeting, and the auditor provided facilitating feedback to address systematic errors identified. Our experience was also helpful in refining our national revalidation audit instrument. The feasibility of the external audit supports the consideration of including audit in national MOC programs.

Shakespeare, Thomas P. [North Coast Cancer Institute, Coffs Harbour, Sydney, NSW (Australia) and Cancer Institute (Singapore)]. E-mail: ThomasShakespeare@gmail.com; Back, Michael F. [Cancer Institute (Singapore); Lu, Jiade J. [Cancer Institute (Singapore); Lee, Khai Mun [Cancer Institute (Singapore); Mukherjee, Rahul K. [Cancer Institute (Singapore)

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Decision-making processes for risk-reducing surgery used by women at risk for hereditary breast/ovarian cancer (HBOC)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...listed their choice (have, not have, undecided) for RRO and RRM. These decisions were interpreted using conditions of Decision Theory (Resnik, 1987): decision under certainty, decision under risk, and decision under uncertainty. A decision...

Lois Loescher; Kyung Hee Lim; and April O'Connor

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Decision Making about Cancer Screening: An Assessment of the State of the Science and a Suggested Research Agenda from the ASPO Behavioral Oncology and Cancer Communication Special Interest Group  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of spirituality in testing decisions. Although spirituality has...about its effects on medical decision making or on genetic testing...particular. However, research and theory on coping with illness suggests...implicated in BRCA1/2 testing decisions. Perceived risk and cancer-specific...

Marc T. Kiviniemi; Jennifer L. Hay; Aimee S. James; Isaac M. Lipkus; Helen I. Meissner; Michael Stefanek; Jamie L. Studts; John F.P. Bridges; David R. Close; Deborah O. Erwin; Resa M. Jones; Karen Kaiser; Kathryn M. Kash; Kimberly M. Kelly; Simon J. Craddock Lee; Jason Q. Purnell; Laura A. Siminoff; Susan T. Vadaparampil; and Catharine Wang

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

A review of decision-making approaches to handle uncertainty and risk in adaptive forest management under climate change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This review paper provides an overview of approaches to which we may resort for handling the complex decision problems involving uncertainty and risk that climate change implies for forest managers. Modelling ...

Rasoul Yousefpour; Jette Bredahl Jacobsen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

J Med Ethics . Author manuscript Ethically complex decisions in the neonatal intensive care unit: impact of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J Med Ethics . Author manuscript Page /1 6 Ethically complex decisions in the neonatal intensive Personnel ; Decision Making ; ethics ; Euthanasia ; ethics ; legislation & jurisprudence ; psychology ; Female ; France ; Humans ; Infant, Newborn ; Intensive Care Units, Neonatal ; ethics ; legislation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

233

Regulatory decision-making under uncertainty: Are costs proportionate to benefits when restricting dangerous chemicals on European markets?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Since 2007 regulation 1907/2006/EC concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) is in force in Europe to reduce the adverse effects of hazardous chemical substances on human health and the environment. Implementation of the regulation by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) is supported by a Socio-Economic Analysis (SEA) Committee, consisting of European experts who help prepare ECHAs opinion on proposals for either restricting or authorizing dangerous substances. This paper presents the outcomes of the SEA underlying the first restriction proposals. Member states proposing a restriction have to show that it will reduce the risks to an acceptable level at a cost which is proportionate to the avoided risk. What is considered proportionate is not clearly defined in REACH. The opinion making process is characterized by many uncertainties: the expert group had no previous experiences to fall back on and limited information about the expected costs and benefits of the proposed restrictions. The study provides insight into expert opinions on environmental and health risks under uncertainty in the specific context of REACH. Particular attention is paid to the confidence experts place on the estimated socio-economic benefits of the avoided risks compared to the estimated compliance costs.

Roy Brouwer; Jonathan Cauchi; Julia Verhoeven

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

A. Kusiak, Data Mining and Decision Making, in B.V. Dasarathy (Ed.), Proceedings of the SPIE Conference on Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Theory, Tools, and Technology IV, Vol. 4730, SPIE, Orlando, FL, April 2002, pp. 155-165.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A. Kusiak, Data Mining and Decision Making, in B.V. Dasarathy (Ed.), Proceedings of the SPIE Conference on Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Theory, Tools, and Technology IV, Vol. 4730, SPIE, Orlando, FL, April 2002, pp. 155-165. Data Mining and Decision Making Andrew Kusiak Department of Mechanical

Kusiak, Andrew

235

A rough set-based game theoretical approach for environmental decision-making: A case of offshore oil and gas operations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Environmental decision-making in offshore oil and gas (OOG) operations can be extremely complex due to conflicting objectives or criteria, availability of vague and uncertain information, and interdependency among multiple decision-makers. Most existing studies ignore conflicting preferences and strategic interactions among decision-makers. This paper presents a game theoretical approach to solve multi-criteria conflict resolution problem under constrained and uncertain environments. Uncertainties in the quantification of imprecise data are expressed using rough numbers. A multi-criteria game is developed to model a decision problem in which three groups of decision-makers (i.e., operators, regulators and service engineers) are involved. This game is solved using the generalized maximin solution concept. With the solution (i.e., optimal weights of the criteria), the rough numbers can be aggregated to an expected payoff for each alternative. Finally, the weights of upper and lower limits of a rough number are employed to transform the expected payoff into a crisp score, based on which all alternatives are ranked to identify the best one. A numerical example is outlined to demonstrate the application of the proposed method to the selection of management scenarios of drilling wastes.

Ming Yang; Faisal I. Khan; Rehan Sadiq; Paul Amyotte

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

A decision support system prototype including human factors based on the TOGA meta-theory approach  

SciTech Connect

The human contribution to the risk of operation of complex technological systems is often not negligible and sometimes tends to become significant, as shown by many reports on incidents and accidents occurred in the past inside Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs). An error of a human operator of a NPP can derive by both omission and commission. For instance, complex commission errors can also lead to significant catastrophic technological accidents, as for the case of the Three Mile Island accident. Typically, the problem is analyzed by focusing on the single event chain that has provoked the incident or accident. What is needed is a general framework able to include as many parameters as possible, i.e. both technological and human factors. Such a general model could allow to envisage an omission or commission error before it can happen or, alternatively, suggest preferred actions to do in order to take countermeasures to neutralize the effect of the error before it becomes critical. In this paper, a preliminary Decision Support System (DSS) based on the so-called (-) TOGA meta-theory approach is presented. The application of such a theory to the management of nuclear power plants has been presented in the previous ICAPP 2011. Here, a human factor simulator prototype is proposed in order to include the effect of human errors in the decision path. The DSS has been developed using a TRIGA research reactor as reference plant, and implemented using the LabVIEW programming environment and the Finite State Machine (FSM) model The proposed DSS shows how to apply the Universal Reasoning Paradigm (URP) and the Universal Management Paradigm (UMP) to a real plant context. The DSS receives inputs from instrumentation data and gives as output a suggested decision. It is obtained as the result of an internal elaborating process based on a performance function. The latter, describes the degree of satisfaction and efficiency, which are dependent on the level of responsibility related to each professional role. As an application, we present the simulation of the discussed error, e.g. the unchecked extraction of the control rods during a power variation maneuver and we show how the effect of human errors can affect the performance function, giving rise to different countermeasures which could call different operator figures into play, potentially not envisaged in the standard procedure. (authors)

Cappelli, M.; Memmi, F. [UTFISST, ENEA Casaccia, via Anguillarese 301, Rome (Italy); Gadomski, A. M. [ECONA, Centro Interuniv. Elaborazione Cognitiva Sistemi Naturali e Artificiali, via dei Marsi 47, Rome (Italy); Sepielli, M. [UTFISST, ENEA Casaccia, via Anguillarese 301, Rome (Italy)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

With the support of the Advanced Decision Architectures Collaborative Technology Alliance sponsored by the U.S. Army Research Laboratory (DAAD19-01-2-0009) and the Office of Naval Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

economic decision making. Economic decision making should be modeled as a learning process, involving more in human-like behavior representation, they have rarely been used to study economic decision making decision situations, like economic settings. This chapter will demonstrate the potential of ACT-R to model

238

Status Update on the NCRP Scientific Committee SC 5-1 Report: Decision Making for Late-Phase Recovery from Nuclear or Radiological Incidents - 13450  

SciTech Connect

In August 2008, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issued its final Protective Action Guide (PAG) for radiological dispersal device (RDD) and improvised nuclear device (IND) incidents. This document specifies protective actions for public health during the early and intermediate phases and cleanup guidance for the late phase of RDD or IND incidents, and it discusses approaches to implementing the necessary actions. However, while the PAG provides specific guidance for the early and intermediate phases, it prescribes no equivalent guidance for the late-phase cleanup actions. Instead, the PAG offers a general description of a complex process using a site-specific optimization approach. This approach does not predetermine cleanup levels but approaches the problem from the factors that would bear on the final agreed-on cleanup levels. Based on this approach, the decision-making process involves multifaceted considerations including public health, the environment, and the economy, as well as socio-political factors. In an effort to fully define the process and approach to be used in optimizing late-phase recovery and site restoration following an RDD or IND incident, DHS has tasked the NCRP with preparing a comprehensive report addressing all aspects of the optimization process. Preparation of the NCRP report is a three-year (2010-2013) project assigned to a scientific committee, the Scientific Committee (SC) 5-1; the report was initially titled, Approach to Optimizing Decision Making for Late- Phase Recovery from Nuclear or Radiological Terrorism Incidents. Members of SC 5-1 represent a broad range of expertise, including homeland security, health physics, risk and decision analysis, economics, environmental remediation and radioactive waste management, and communication. In the wake of the Fukushima nuclear accident of 2011, and guided by a recent process led by the White House through a Principal Level Exercise (PLE), the optimization approach has since been expanded to include off-site contamination from major nuclear power plant accidents as well as other nuclear or radiological incidents. The expanded application under the current guidance has thus led to a broadened scope of the report, which is reflected in its new title, Decision Making for Late-Phase Recovery from Nuclear or Radiological Incidents. The NCRP report, which is due for publication in 2013, will substantiate the current DHS guidance by clarifying and elaborating on the processes required for the development and implementation of procedures for optimizing decision making for late-phase recovery, enabling the establishment of cleanup goals on a site-specific basis. The report will contain a series of topics addressing important issues related to the long-term recovery from nuclear or radiological incidents. Special topics relevant to supporting the optimization of the decision-making process will include cost-benefit analysis, radioactive waste management, risk communication, stakeholder interaction, risk assessment, and decontamination approaches and techniques. The committee also evaluated past nuclear and radiological incidents for their relevance to the report, including the emerging issues associated with the Fukushima nuclear accident. Thus, due to the commonality of the late-phase issues (such as the potential widespread contamination following an event), the majority of the information pertaining to the response in the late-phase decision-making period, including site-specific optimization framework and approach, could be used or adapted for use in case of similar situations that are not due to terrorism, such as those that would be caused by major nuclear facility accidents or radiological incidents. To ensure that the report and the NCRP recommendations are current and relevant to the effective implementation of federal guidance, SC 5-1 has actively coordinated with the agencies of interest and other relevant stakeholders throughout the duration of the project. The resulting report will be an important resource to guide those involved

Chen, S.Y. [Environmental Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)] [Environmental Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

An Environmental and Economic Trade-off Analysis of Manufacturing Process Chains to Inform Decision Making for Sustainability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

process and (b) as an economic process (Groover,and (b) as an economic process (Groover, 2001) CHAPTER 2.overhead charges, process waste, economic, and human safety.

Robinson, Stefanie L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

EPA - GUIDE ON CONSULTATION AND COLLABORATION WITH INDIAN TRIBAL GOVERNMENTS AND THE PUBLIC PARTICIPATION OF INDIGENOUS GROUPS AND TRIBAL MEMBERS IN ENVIRONMENTAL DECISION MAKING  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GUIDE ON GUIDE ON CONSULTATION AND COLLABORATION WITH INDIAN TRIBAL GOVERNMENTS AND THE PUBLIC PARTICIPATION OF INDIGENOUS GROUPS AND TRIBAL MEMBERS IN ENVIRONMENTAL DECISION MAKING PREPARED BY THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE ADVISORY COUNCIL INDIGENOUS PEOPLES SUBCOMMITTEE A FEDERAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE TO THE U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE ADVISORY COUNCIL November 22, 2000 Ms. Carol Browner, Administrator U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 401 M Street, SW Washington, DC 20460 RE: Guide on Tribal Consultation and Public Participation Dear Administrator Browner: The Indigenous Peoples Subcommittee, of the National Environmental Justice Advisory Council (NEJAC), created the enclosed "Guide on Consultation and Collaboration with Indian Tribal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Human centered processes and decision support systems J.P. Barthelemy a,b,*, R. Bisdor c  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

d ra ft d ra ft Human centered processes and decision support systems J.P. Barthelemy a,b,*, R: jp.barthelemy@enst-bretagne.fr (J.P. Barthelemy), bisdor@cu.lu (R. Bisdor), gilles trust in it). For over thirty years, the quest, for the Holy Grail of opti- mality has been criticized

Bisdorff, Raymond

242

Mathematical Structure of Quantum Decision Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the most complex systems is the human brain whose formalized functioning is characterized by decision theory. We present a "Quantum Decision Theory" of decision making, based on the mathematical theory of separable Hilbert spaces. This mathematical structure captures the effect of superposition of composite prospects, including many incorporated intentions, which allows us to explain a variety of interesting fallacies and anomalies that have been reported to particularize the decision making of real human beings. The theory describes entangled decision making, non-commutativity of subsequent decisions, and intention interference of composite prospects. We demonstrate how the violation of the Savage's sure-thing principle (disjunction effect) can be explained as a result of the interference of intentions, when making decisions under uncertainty. The conjunction fallacy is also explained by the presence of the interference terms. We demonstrate that all known anomalies and paradoxes, documented in the context of classical decision theory, are reducible to just a few mathematical archetypes, all of which finding straightforward explanations in the frame of the developed quantum approach.

V. I. Yukalov; D. Sornette

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Tracing early breccia pipe studies, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, southeastern New Mexico: A study of the documentation available and decision-making during the early years of WIPP  

SciTech Connect

Breccia pipes in southeastern New Mexico are local dissolution-collapse features that formed over the Capitan reef more than 500,000 years ago. During early site studies for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), the threat to isolation by these features was undetermined. Geophysical techniques, drilling, and field mapping were used beginning in 1976 to study breccia pipes. None were found at the WIPP site, and they are considered unlikely to be a significant threat even if undetected. WIPP documents related to breccia pipe studies were assembled, inspected, and analyzed, partly to present a history of these studies. The main objective is to assess how well the record reflects the purposes, results, and conclusions of the studies from concept to decision-making. The main record source was the Sandia WIPP Central File (SWCF). Early records (about 1975 to 1977) are very limited, however, about details of objectives and plans predating any investigation. Drilling programs from about 1977 were covered by a broadly standardized statement of work, field operations plan, drilling history, and basic data report. Generally standardized procedures for peer, management, and quality assurance review were developed during this time. Agencies such as the USGS conducted projects according to internal standards. Records of detailed actions for individual programs may not be available, though a variety of such records were found in the SWCF. A complete written record cannot be reconstructed. With persistence, a professional geologist can follow individual programs, relate data to objectives (even if implied), and determine how conclusions were used in decision-making. 83 refs.

Power, D.W. [HC 12, Anthony, TX (United States)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Advancing theory and application of cognitive research in sport: Using representative tasks to explain and predict skilled anticipation, decision-making, and option-generation behavior  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractObjectives Three main goals were addressed in this research. First, we tested the claims of two cognitive mechanisms that have been proposed to explain expert performance. This was done during assessment and intervention phases of decision making. Second, we tested the validity of an online test of perceptual-cognitive skill in soccer: The Online Assessment of Strategic Skill In Soccer (OASSIS). Third, we compared the OASSIS to other predictors of skill in soccer. Design Over the course of a three-part experiment, participants completed an updated version of the option-generation paradigm employed by Ward, Ericsson, and Williams (2013), the OASSIS, and a battery of other cognitive tests. Performance on these tests was used to inform theory and validate the OASSIS as an applied tool for domain professionals. Methods NCAA Division 1 and recreational-level soccer players completed a battery of tests, both using paper/pencil (see Ward etal., 2013) and online. Results Support for Long Term Working Memory theory (LTWM; see Ericsson & Kintsch, 1995) was observed during both phases of decision making, though the prescriptions of the Take-The-First heuristic (see Johnson & Raab, 2003) tend to hold, particularly within intervention phase. When used to predict skill-group membership, the OASSIS accounted for more variance than domain-general tests of cognition. Furthermore, scores on the OASSIS correlated with other measures of perceptual-cognitive skill in soccer and the process-level predictions made by LTWM. Conclusions Updates to our theoretical understanding of expert performance are provided and the validity of the OASSIS is demonstrated.

Patrick K. Belling; Joel Suss; Paul Ward

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Towards a Social Psychology-based Microscopic Model of Driver Behavior and Decision-making: Modifying Lewin's Field Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Central to effective roadway design is the ability to understand how drivers behave as they traverse a segment of roadway. While simple and complex microscopic models have been used over the years to analyse driver behaviour, most models: 1.) incorporate separate car-following and lane-changing algorithms, and thus do not capture the interdependencies between lane-changing and car-following vehicle; 2.) do not capture differences in the drivers cognitive and physical characteristics; and 3.) are constructed from observed vehicle movements and make no attempt to model the discrete differences between how each roadway element alters each driver's behaviour. This paper employs field theory to construct a conceptual framework for a new microscopic model. In field theory, an agent (e.g. the driver) views a field (i.e. the area surrounding the vehicle) filled with stimuli and perceives forces associated with each stimuli once these stimuli are internalized. Based on this theory, the resulting model would be designed to directly incorporate drivers perceptions to roadway stimuli along with vehicle movements for drivers of different cognitive and physical abilities. It is postulated that such a model would more effectively reflect reality, and if this model were accurately calibrated, could potentially model the effects of external stimuli such as innovative geometric configurations, lane closures, and technology applications such as variable message boards. A modified field theory could potentially capture and model hot topics in traffic engineering, such as the distracted drivers, road rage, the incorporation of ITS elements, and driver behaviour through a work zone.

Andrew Leo Berthaume; Matthew R.E. Romoser; John Collura; Daiheng Ni

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Computer-Aided Decision Support  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

intelligence technology to help teams achieve remarkable group collaboration and enhance organizational brainstorming and decision-making. The electronic decision analysis...

247

Decision Theory Mendoza, M.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 MS 1319 Decision Theory Mendoza, M. Dept. Statistics, ITAM Rio Hondo 1, San Angel. México 01000 D of Decision Theory, the literature offers an account of the ways people actually make decisions and a discussion on the mechanisms underlying this behavior. This is called a "descriptive" decision theory

Mendoza Ramírez, Manuel

248

Investigation of Public Discourse Methods in Energy Policy Decision-Making: A Summary of What You Told Us and What We Learned  

SciTech Connect

The ground is littered with projects that failed because of strong public opposition, including natural gas and coal power plants proposed in Idaho over the past several years. This joint project , of the Idaho National Laboratory, Boise State University, Idaho State University and University of Idaho has aimed to add to the tool box to reduce project risk through encouraging the public to engage in more critical thought and be more actively involved in public or social issues. Early in a project, project managers and decision-makers can talk with no one, pro and con stakeholder groups, or members of the public. Experience has shown that talking with no one outside of the project incurs high risk because opposition stakeholders have many means to stop most (if not all) energy projects. Talking with organized stakeholder groups provides some risk reduction from mutual learning, but organized groups tend not to change positions except under conditions of a negotiated settlement. Achieving a negotiated settlement may be impossible. Furthermore, opposition often arises outside pre-existing groups. Standard public polling provides some information but does not reveal underlying motivations, intensity of attitudes, etc. Improved methods are needed that probe deeper into stakeholder (organized groups and members of the public) values and beliefs (sometimes called /heuristics) to increase the potential for change of opinions and/or out-of-box solutions. The term heuristics refers to the mental short-cuts, underlying beliefs, and paradigms that everyone uses to filter and interpret information, to interpret what is around us, and to guide our actions and decisions. This document is the final report of a 3-year effort to test different public discourse methods in the subject area of energy policy decision-making. We analyzed 504 mail-in surveys and 80 participants in groups on the Boise State University campus for their preference, financial support, and evaluations of eight attributes for energy conservation and efficiency, fossil fuels, nuclear energy, hydropower, and renewable energy. All participants saw a 7-person diverse energy expert panel. Some participants attended deliberation sessions; some received a 35-page briefing document that included pros and cons of the different energy options.

Analysis Team; Eileen DeShazo; John Freemuth; Tina Giannini; Troy Hall; Ann Hunter; Jeffrey C. Joe; Michael Louis; Carole Nemnich; Jennie Newman; Steven J. Piet; Stephen Sorensen; Paulina Starkey; Kendella Vogt; Patrick Wilson

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

What Makes Development Sustainable? Case Studies of Health and Human Development Programs in Community Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Is to Be Done? Making Development Sustainable: Redefiningof Institutions. Making Development Sustainable: Rede?ningManagement and Sustainable Development. Ambio 18.2 (1989):

Saha, Somava

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Making Compressed Air System Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Today, modern, high quality manufacturing facilities require a more scientific approach. Many manufacturing processes require strict controls over compressed air pressure, temperature and purity levels. Competitive pressures also force manufacturers...-lubricated cylinder designs. Reciprocating compressor designs remained the standard for industry until the mid 1970s. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, material and manufacturing advances led to the development of 219 Ingersoll-Rand Co. Davidson, N...

Porri, R. E.

251

Communication (Oral & Written) Decision Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Law is not an official major, most Pre-Law students choose a major that interest them. Lawyers interpret the law through, counsel, or some other law-related positions. These individuals usually like to be in positions offer part- time programs which take 4 years. During the first year of law school students generally

Jiang, Huiqiang

252

A multiple objective decision making model for energy generation portfolio under fuzzy uncertainty: Case study of large scale investor-owned utilities in Florida  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The objective of this paper is to present a methodology to evaluate the viability of developing solar photovoltaic projects for large investor-owned utilities. By taking into account the trade-off between the cost per kWh of electricity generation and total risk for an investor-owned utility, a multi-objective model of the energy generation portfolios is developed. The decision making model can determine the proportion of different energy generation sources in an investor-owned utility portfolio that reduces risk while providing the lowest cost per kWh of electricity generation possible. In order to measure the risk of the investor-owned utility for energy portfolio selection, an investigation of possible dangers and failures of energy generation portfolios is made and 9 main failure modes are identified. The failure mode and effects analysis is employed to calculate the risk priority numbers for each risk. To deal with the uncertainties of the levelized cost of electricity and risk levels of failure modes, the fuzzy method is introduced and an equivalent crisp model is derived which is then solved by employing a multiple objective particle swarm optimization algorithm. The analysis for four large scale investor-owned utilities in Florida is presented to highlight the performance of the developed optimization method.

Ziqiang Zeng; Ehsan Nasri; Abdol Chini; Robert Ries; Jiuping Xu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Trust, situation awareness and automation use: exploring the effect of visual information degradations on human perception and performance in human-telerobot.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Today's military and industry increasingly uses human-robot system to perform complex tasks, such as firefighting. Automated systems that support or even make important decisions require (more)

Wang, Minglu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

When and how to end shelter-in-place protection from a release of airborne hazardous material : report on a decision-making concept and methodology.  

SciTech Connect

Shelter-in-place (SIP) is considered a credible alternative to immediate evacuation to protect the population on and around Army chemical warfare agent stockpile storage sites from accidental agent releases of short duration. To be effective, this strategy requires immediate SIP to minimize initial exposure to agent vapor, followed by timely and appropriate termination of SIP to minimize additional exposure to agent vapor accumulations in the shelter when the air outside becomes less hazardous. However, a major challenge facing emergency managers has been how to decide the best time and way to end SIP to obtain this ideal. This report describes a concept to make this decision, and suggests a methodology to apply the concept as a site-specific response tool. The major conditions that influence the exposure of a population are the source term values of the agent that is released, meteorological conditions, shelter air change rates, the distance of the shelter from the source, and th e dose-response relationship of the hazardous material. The circumstances that contribute to overall exposure associated with a SIP strategy involve exposure during the time before taking shelter, exposure while sheltered due to vapor infiltration, and additional exposure (if any) following the termination of SIP. Options to end SIP are to resume normal activities with no restrictions, to ventilate the shelter but remain indoors, to exit from the shelter and remain nearby, or to relocate to a designated facility. The optimal time and way to end SIP involves examining the relationships among the conditions and circumstances listed above to find the combination of these variables that gives the smallest area where a sheltered population might receive a certain level of toxic effect. For example, find the combination of times, conditions, and circumstances that produce the smallest area where fatalities are possible. In this case, the best time and action to end SIP to minimize fatalities is that combination of variables which produces the smallest area where this level of effect is expected. The methodology to apply the concept is to use a computer model to examine the relationships among these conditions and circumstances (many of which are pre-planned default inputs), and display the best time and action to end SIP quickly, in a user-friendly format. A computer model that was developed to prove the concept and demonstrate the methodology (called the TSIP Model) is described in the report, and the use of the TSIP Model is illustrated in a case study in an appendix to the report. The report also discusses public education and emergency instructions essential for implementing this concept, and makes recommendations for agreements, plans, and exercises relevant to deciding when and how to end SIP. This concept and methodology is independent of the atmospheric dispersion model used, and is not limited to chemical warfare agent vapor hazards. Thus it can help make decisions on when and how to end SIP following the accidental release of many other non-flammable non-reactive hazardous vapors if sufficient information is available about the characteristics of the material and the circumstances of the release.

Yantosik, G.; Lerner, K.; Maloney, D.; Wasmer, F.

2002-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

255

Decision insight into stakeholder conflict for ERN.  

SciTech Connect

Participatory modeling has become an important tool in facilitating resource decision making and dispute resolution. Approaches to modeling that are commonly used in this context often do not adequately account for important human factors. Current techniques provide insights into how certain human activities and variables affect resource outcomes; however, they do not directly simulate the complex variables that shape how, why, and under what conditions different human agents behave in ways that affect resources and human interactions related to them. Current approaches also do not adequately reveal how the effects of individual decisions scale up to have systemic level effects in complex resource systems. This lack of integration prevents the development of more robust models to support decision making and dispute resolution processes. Development of integrated tools is further hampered by the fact that collection of primary data for decision-making modeling is costly and time consuming. This project seeks to develop a new approach to resource modeling that incorporates both technical and behavioral modeling techniques into a single decision-making architecture. The modeling platform is enhanced by use of traditional and advanced processes and tools for expedited data capture. Specific objectives of the project are: (1) Develop a proof of concept for a new technical approach to resource modeling that combines the computational techniques of system dynamics and agent based modeling, (2) Develop an iterative, participatory modeling process supported with traditional and advance data capture techniques that may be utilized to facilitate decision making, dispute resolution, and collaborative learning processes, and (3) Examine potential applications of this technology and process. The development of this decision support architecture included both the engineering of the technology and the development of a participatory method to build and apply the technology. Stakeholder interaction with the model and associated data capture was facilitated through two very different modes of engagement, one a standard interface involving radio buttons, slider bars, graphs and plots, while the other utilized an immersive serious gaming interface. The decision support architecture developed through this project was piloted in the Middle Rio Grande Basin to examine how these tools might be utilized to promote enhanced understanding and decision-making in the context of complex water resource management issues. Potential applications of this architecture and its capacity to lead to enhanced understanding and decision-making was assessed through qualitative interviews with study participants who represented key stakeholders in the basin.

Siirola, John; Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Benz, Zachary O.; Stansbury, Melanie; Richards, Elizabeth H.; Turnley, Jessica Glicken (Galisteo Consulting); Warrender, Christina E.; Morrow, James Dan

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Economics is the study of how people make decisions to spend their incomes and time, and how people interact in a social setting to produce and to distribute goods and services. Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economics is the study of how people make decisions to spend their incomes and time, and how people interact in a social setting to produce and to distribute goods and services. Economics examines of development of institutions from diverse technical realities and historical experiences. Economics explains

Seldin, Jonathan P.

257

Human-machine interactions  

SciTech Connect

Digital technology utilizing a cognitive model based on human naturalistic decision-making processes, including pattern recognition and episodic memory, can reduce the dependency of human-machine interactions on the abilities of a human user and can enable a machine to more closely emulate human-like responses. Such a cognitive model can enable digital technology to use cognitive capacities fundamental to human-like communication and cooperation to interact with humans.

Forsythe, J. Chris (Sandia Park, NM); Xavier, Patrick G. (Albuquerque, NM); Abbott, Robert G. (Albuquerque, NM); Brannon, Nathan G. (Albuquerque, NM); Bernard, Michael L. (Tijeras, NM); Speed, Ann E. (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

258

Enriching Sustainable Transport Decisions: Inputs from Operations Research and the Management Sciences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to decision processes involving sustainable transportused to enrich sustainable transport decision processes andthe process of making decisions about sustainable transport

Wellar, Barry; Garrison, William

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Decision SupportDecision Support JoJozzef Stefanef Stefan International Postgraduate SchoolInternational Postgraduate School, Ljubljana, Ljubljana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or what is making decisions? computerman · decision theory · utility theory ... · cognitive sciences Sciences Who or what is making decisions? computerman · decision theory · utility theory ... · cognitive = )()( buauba > Decision TheoryDecision Theory Decision table: Types of decisions: · Certainty: all relevant

Bohanec, Marko

260

HUMAN RESOURCES SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The position is responsible for developing test scenarios, responding to system problems by investigating regarding the design of testing scenarios and scripts and how to evaluate outcomes. Makes decisions1 HUMAN RESOURCES SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY TEMPORARY ADMINISTRATIVE & PROFESSIONAL STAFF POSITION

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Novak's Theory of Education: Human Constructivism and Meaningful Learning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Novak's Theory of Education: Human Constructivism and Meaningful Learning ... Learning Theories ... They fail to recognize relevant cues in making judgments and decisions about the properties of chemical substances and processes, and make hasty ... ...

Stacey Lowery Bretz

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Introduction: Human Nature as a Promising Concept to Make Sense of the Spirit of Sport  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Chap. 10 , Transhuman Athletes and Pathological Perfectionism: Recognising Limits in Sports and Human Nature, Michael J. McNamee...also starts from the theoretic...

Pieter Bonte; Jan Tolleneer; Paul Schotsmans

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

AQUAmundi (2010) -Am01006: 037 -044 DOI 10.4409/Am-002-10-0006 Abstract: Decision making related to the interaction between water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; economics; politics etc.). We propose a conceptual Decisions Sup- port System for establishing an Integrated (e.g. pumping/injection protocols and/ or desalinization/purification degrees). The model following

Sorek, Shaul

264

"Studying human behavior using tools from engineering in order to make robots move in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Classification and Segmentation Extracting features of interest from human motion data (i.e., from mocap systems in order to recreate the original human motion and measure of our notion of quality. Stylistic Movement with the Hybrid and Networked Systems (HyNeSs) Lab at Boston University we extend the power of this model

Acton, Scott

265

Trust-based design of human-guided algorithms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By combining the strengths of human and computers, Human Machine Collaborative Decision Making has been shown to generate higher quality solutions in less time than conventional computerized methods. In many cases, it is ...

Thomer, Joseph L. (Joseph Louis)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Efficient Transportation Decision Public Web Site: Bridging the Gap Between Transportation Planning and the Public  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for accomplishing transportation planning and projectprocess the Efficient Transportation Decision Making (Process - is to make transportation decisions more quickly

Roaza, Ruth

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Technology and architecture : informing investment decisions for the future of human space exploration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NASA's detailed programmatic goals, system architectures, and mission designs for future human spaceflight beyond Earth orbit remain unspecified. Given this uncertainty, it is not clear exactly which technologies are ...

Battat, Jonathan Alexander

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Human-Automation Collaboration in Complex Multivariate Resource Allocation Decision Support Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In resource allocation problems for systems with moving planning horizons and significant uncertainty, typical of supervisory control environments, it is critical that some balance of human-automation collaboration be ...

Cummings, M.L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Substantive and Procedural Rationality in Decisions under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Income Inequality and Decision Theory Resolving the Allaisthe classical theory of decision making under uncertainty.1979) Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk,

Choi, Syngjoo; Fisman, Raymond; Gale, Douglass; Kariv, Sachar

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Decision Theory with Prospect Interference and Entanglement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a novel variant of decision making based on the mathematical theory of separable Hilbert spaces. This mathematical structure captures the effect of superposition of composite prospects, including many incorporated intentions, which allows us to describe a variety of interesting fallacies and anomalies that have been reported to particularize the decision making of real human beings. The theory characterizes entangled decision making, non-commutativity of subsequent decisions, and intention interference. We demonstrate how the violation of the Savage's sure-thing principle, known as the disjunction effect, can be explained quantitatively as a result of the interference of intentions, when making decisions under uncertainty. The disjunction effects, observed in experiments, are accurately predicted using a theorem on interference alternation that we derive, which connects aversion-to-uncertainty to the appearance of negative interference terms suppressing the probability of actions. The conjunction fallacy is also explained by the presence of the interference terms. A series of experiments are analysed and shown to be in excellent agreement with a priori evaluation of interference effects. The conjunction fallacy is also shown to be a sufficient condition for the disjunction effect and novel experiments testing the combined interplay between the two effects are suggested.

V. I. Yukalov; D. Sornette

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

271

Fuzzy FlowSort: An integration of the FlowSort method and Fuzzy Set Theory for decision making on the basis of inaccurate quantitative data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Nowadays, most real-life decision problems can be modeled as sorting problems although it is difficult to quantitatively express the evaluation criteria precisely or precise values are inadequate to model the criteria. For these situations, multicriteria methods can be extended by using fuzzy theory, thereby providing mathematical methods able to deal with decision processes in a fuzzy environment. In this context, we propose a sorting method called Fuzzy FlowSort (F-FlowSort) based on Fuzzy Set Theory and FlowSort, which is a Promethee-based sorting method. To demonstrate the usefulness and applicability of this new method, an illustrative numerical example is presented. The result confirms the potential and the applicability of associating fuzzy logic with the FlowSort method for processing imprecise data. Comparisons are made between the results provided by Fuzzy FlowSort and FlowSort and also between Fuzzy FlowSort and another algorithm based on FlowSort that deals with the imprecision of data when they are defined by intervals. In addition, the association between the results obtained with the F-FlowSort and FlowSort methods and Promethee and F-Promethee methods is investigated.

Ana Carolina Scanavachi Moreira Campos; Bertrand Mareschal; Adiel Teixeira de Almeida

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Towards transition: resourcing socially learned decisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This conceptual paper examines the need for deliberative public decision making to create a sustainable society, and the potential for social learning and public decision making in the online collective intelligence. Concepts and evidence are synthesised from studies of sustainability, decision-making, communication, deliberative democracy, knowledge management, and information and communication technology. The future of the relationship between humans, society, and nature is being co-constructed, and ICT may act to improve or to diminish the quality of this relationship. Further understanding of the potential of ICT to enable and support public/social learning and democratic decisions on courses of action will be a signpost to a pathway to a sustainable future. The synthesis of understandings from sustainable development, communication, knowledge management, and online web domains creates a meta-level appreciation of converging issues facing humans and society in relation to nature. This is a contribution to understanding online communication for building a pathway out of crisis into a sustainable society.

Terry Nolan; Richard J. Varey

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Risks of Risk Decisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...manuscript. 17. B. Fischhoff, P. Slovic, S. Lichtenstein, S. Read, B. Combs, Policy Sci...Perspectives on Benefit-Risk Decision Making...20. P. Slovic, B. Fischhoff, S. Lichtenstein, in So-cietal Risk Assessment: How Safe...

Chauncey Starr; Chris Whipple

1980-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

274

Statistical Decision Theory: Concepts, Methods and Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statistical Decision Theory: Concepts, Methods and Applications (Special topics in Probabilistic Mazumder 950116380 #12;Part I: Decision Theory ­ Concepts and Methods 1 Part I: DECISION THEORY - Concepts and Methods Decision theory as the name would imply is concerned with the process of making decisions

Rosenthal, Jeffrey S.

275

Incorporation of decision, game, and Bayesian game theory in an emergency evacuation exit decision model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper explores the use of utility and game theory to model egress decisions for exit choices found in evacuations. These mathematically rigorous theories serve as a basis for individual exit decision making that captures interactions between evacuees. The model presented in this paper is fundamentally different from traditional evacuation simulators that capture the exit selection behaviour through simple heuristics or objective functions. A utility function based on energy consumption of exit alternatives is created that captures evacuee risk preferences and beliefs. Multiple game forms are created to allow for trade-offs between model fidelity and computational complexity. These models range from Bayesian games to simplified normal games. Multiple examples and validations are used to show that the decision analysis model developed here captures natural human tendencies and characteristics. This enables creation of a high fidelity exit decision model that simulates exit selection of evacuees.

Bryan L. Mesmer; Christina L. Bloebaum

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Decision Support Jozef Stefan International Postgraduate School, Ljubljana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sciences Who or what is making decisions? computerhuman · decision theory · utility theory ... · cognitive · decision theory · utility theory ... · cognitive sciences · social sciences ... Decision Support = )()( buauba > Decision Theory Decision table: Types of decisions: · Certainty: all relevant parameters have

Bohanec, Marko

277

Use of hazard assessments to support risk-based decision making in the US Department of Energy Stockpile Stewardship (SS-21) Program  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes the nuclear explosive hazard assessment activities performed to support the US Department of Energy (DOE) Stockpile Stewardship (SS-21) Integrated Safety or ``Seamless Safety`` program. Past practice within the DOE Complex dictated the use of a significant number of post-design/ fabrication safety reviews to analyze the safety associated with operations on nuclear explosives and to answer safety questions. These practices have focused on reviewing-in or auditing-in safety vs incorporating safety in the design process. SS-21 was proposed by the DOE as an avenue to develop a program to ``integrate established, recognized, verifiable safety criteria into the process at the design stage rather than continuing the reliance on reviews, evaluations and audits.`` The cornerstone of the SS-21 design process is the hazard assessment, which is performed concurrently with process and tooling design. The hazard assessment is used as the key management tool to guide overall risk management associated with the nuclear explosive activity through supporting risk-based decisions made with respect to process design.

Fischer, S.R.; Konkel, H.; Rainbolt, M.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Decision Summaries  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

oha/decision-summaries Office of Hearings and Appeals oha/decision-summaries Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC, 20585 202-287-1566 en Summary of Decisions - December 30, 2013 - January 3, 2014 http://energy.gov/oha/articles/summary-decisions-december-30-2013-january-3-2014 decisions-december-30-2013-january-3-2014" class="title-link">Summary of Decisions - December 30, 2013 - January 3, 2014

279

Flexible modelling and support of interrelated decisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Decision problems often consist of numerous smaller decisions that are aggregated and interrelated while spanning multiple domains, paradigms, and/or perspectives. Therefore, the decision making process should be structured in such a flexible and iterative manner that enables a range of structured to unstructured decisions to be considered, built and solved in an appropriate manner. We propose and implement a framework and architecture that uses the three pillars of flexibility in decision making (sequential, parallel, convergence, and interwoven), versatility (of paradigm and/or domain), and independence of components (value, dimension, and purpose) to support the decision making process and the entire modelling lifecycle.

Angela Liew; David Sundaram

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Meeting Decisions and Documents  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Meeting Notices Meeting Decisions & Documents Production Team Indicators System Coastal Resilience Resources Make Our Science Accessible Link Climate Change & Health Provide Data and Tools Coordinate Internationally Meeting Decisions and Documents Print E-mail This page summarizes the decisions made by the National Climate Assessment Development and Advisory Committee (NCADAC) and the documents the committee has adopted in association with those decisions. The documents and decisions concern the operation of the committee, the content of the synthesis report(s), the sustained assessment process, and other important guidance and responsibilities. The full and official meeting records of the NCADAC are available on a dedicated NOAA page. To view the Federal Register notices announcing the meetings of the NCADAC, please click here.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Quantum decision theory as quantum theory of measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a general theory of quantum information processing devices, that can be applied to human decision makers, to atomic multimode registers, or to molecular high-spin registers. Our quantum decision theory is a generalization of the quantum theory of measurement, endowed with an action ring, a prospect lattice and a probability operator measure. The algebra of probability operators plays the role of the algebra of local observables. Because of the composite nature of prospects and of the entangling properties of the probability operators, quantum interference terms appear, which make actions noncommutative and the prospect probabilities non-additive. The theory provides the basis for explaining a variety of paradoxes typical of the application of classical utility theory to real human decision making. The principal advantage of our approach is that it is formulated as a self-consistent mathematical theory, which allows us to explain not just one effect but actually all known paradoxes in human decision making. Being general, the approach can serve as a tool for characterizing quantum information processing by means of atomic, molecular, and condensed-matter systems.

V. I. Yukalov; D. Sornette

2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

282

Practical risk-based decision making: Good decisions made efficiently  

SciTech Connect

The Robotics and Process Systems Division of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Westinghouse Savannah River Company have teamed with JBF Associates, Inc. to address risk-based robotic planning. The objective of the project is to provide systematic, risk-based relative comparisons of competing alternatives for solving clean-up problems at DOE facilities. This paper presents the methodology developed, describes the software developed to efficiently apply the methodology, and discusses the results of initial applications for DOE. The paper also addresses current work in applying the approach to problems in other industries (including an example from the hydrocarbon processing industry).

Haire, M.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Guthrie, V.; Walker, D. [JBF Associates, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States); Singer, R. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Making coastal research useful Cases from practice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary Coastal research deals with that part of the sea, which is significantly affected by the land, and the part of the land, which is significantly affected by the sea. Coasts are in most cases densely populated, and the activities of people are shaping and changing the land/seascape of the coast. Thus, coast encompasses the coastal sea, the coastal land, coastal flora and fauna, and people. Since peoples economic and political preferences change and compete, the human impact on the coast changes is contested and subject to societal decision making processes. While some coastal research can help informing and constraining such decisions, many legitimate scientific efforts have little bearing on society. All decision making processes are political, so that scientific knowledge is not the dominant driver in such processes. Using cases from the Institute of Coastal Research of Helmholtz Zentrum Geesthacht, we describe some of these potentially useful parts of science, and discuss under which circumstances the potential usefulness transform into real utility. These cases do not span the full range of coastal science. Important issues are the recognition of alternative knowledge claims, the inevitableness of uncertainties and incompleteness of scientific analysis, the acceptance of the political nature of decisions and the ubiquitous presence of social values. Modesty, self-reflexivity and skepticism are needed on the side of science and an organized exchange with stakeholders and public through designated border services.

Hans von Storch; Kay Emeis; Insa Meinke; Andreas Kannen; Volker Matthias; Beate M.W. Ratter; Emil Stanev; Ralf Weisse; Kai Wirtz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Initial Risk Analysis and Decision Making Framework  

SciTech Connect

Commercialization of new carbon capture simulation initiative (CCSI) technology will include two key elements of risk management, namely, technical risk (will process and plant performance be effective, safe, and reliable) and enterprise risk (can project losses and costs be controlled within the constraints of market demand to maintain profitability and investor confidence). Both of these elements of risk are incorporated into the risk analysis subtask of Task 7. Thus far, this subtask has developed a prototype demonstration tool that quantifies risk based on the expected profitability of expenditures when retrofitting carbon capture technology on a stylized 650 MW pulverized coal electric power generator. The prototype is based on the selection of specific technical and financial factors believed to be important determinants of the expected profitability of carbon capture, subject to uncertainty. The uncertainty surrounding the technical performance and financial variables selected thus far is propagated in a model that calculates the expected profitability of investments in carbon capture and measures risk in terms of variability in expected net returns from these investments. Given the preliminary nature of the results of this prototype, additional work is required to expand the scope of the model to include additional risk factors, additional information on extant and proposed risk factors, the results of a qualitative risk factor elicitation process, and feedback from utilities and other interested parties involved in the carbon capture project. Additional information on proposed distributions of these risk factors will be integrated into a commercial implementation framework for the purpose of a comparative technology investment analysis.

Engel, David W.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

TANDBERG CUSTOMER PROFILE ACCELERATING DECISION MAKING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

more than 100 miles east in the Imperial Valley. "We do a lot of video conferencing with the two campuses in Imperial Valley, in particular with the School of Nursing," explains Dr. Frazee. "There is a huge need for nurses in the rural Imperial Valley where the economy is heavily based on agriculture

Ponce, V. Miguel

286

Bayesian decision-making in inventory modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......by means of a Bayesian approach with a suitably chosen...demand distribu- tion. Management Science 31, 1150-1160. AZOURY...non-Bayesian inventory models. Management Science 30,993-1003...K. 1990 A Bayesian approach to the two-period style-goods......

ROGER M. HILL

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Bayesian decision-making in inventory modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......The mean aggregate demand is E(Xn+i...of the left-hand side with respect to R...probability of negative demand is zero, then the left hand side is E(Xn+i) when...models under unknown demand distribu- tion. Management Science 31, 1150-1160......

ROGER M. HILL

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Environmental decision making: supply-chain considerations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2007). France Energy Mix Fact Sheet. http://Commission (2007). Germany Energy Mix Fact Sheet. availability, and energy mix are discussed. Finally, a tool

Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Dornfeld, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

The Case for Distributed Decision Making Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Manager team three Foreman plumber Foreman electrician 1 Project 1 Projea Figure 1. Divisional...Director. The actual labour used (electricians, plumbers, etc.) is, however...A. C. D. Smith, APL--A Design Handbook for Commercial Systems. Wiley, Chichester......

R. C. Thomas; A. Burns

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Processing Information in Quantum Decision Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A survey is given summarizing the state of the art of describing information processing in Quantum Decision Theory, which has been recently advanced as a novel variant of decision making, based on the mathematical theory of separable Hilbert spaces. This mathematical structure captures the effect of superposition of composite prospects, including many incorporated intended actions. The theory characterizes entangled decision making, non-commutativity of subsequent decisions, and intention interference. The self-consistent procedure of decision making, in the frame of the quantum decision theory, takes into account both the available objective information as well as subjective contextual effects. This quantum approach avoids any paradox typical of classical decision theory. Conditional maximization of entropy, equivalent to the minimization of an information functional, makes it possible to connect the quantum and classical decision theories, showing that the latter is the limit of the former under vanishing interference terms.

V. I. Yukalov; D. Sornette

2008-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

291

Stocking Rate Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to predict potential forage shortfalls, determine the im- pact of the decision on finances and other ranch re- sources, and make any necessary adjustments before the forage resource is harmed or financial problems occur. Through adequate planning and periodic... rates with limited knowledge of future forage and market conditions. But they can use past records, experience and range surveys to make realistic projections of forage and market conditions (Figure 3). Then, the planned stock- ing rate should...

White, Larry D.; McGinty, Allan

1999-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

292

Anthropic decision theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper sets out to solve the Sleeping Beauty problem and various related anthropic (self-locating belief) problems, not through the calculation of anthropic probabilities, but through finding the correct decision to make. Given certain simple assumptions, it turns out to be possible to do so without knowing the underlying anthropic probabilities. Most common anthropic problems are underspecified from the decision perspective, and this can explain some of the differing intuitions in the subject: selfless and selfish agents, total and average utilitarians, will all reach different decisions in the same problem. These results are formalised into an anthropic decision theory, that is then used to solve many anthropic problems and paradoxes, such as the Presumptuous Philosopher, Adam and Eve, and Doomsday problems.

Stuart Armstrong

2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

293

Fuzzy decision support software for crisis management in gas transmission networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work, a new software for fuzzy decision support system, with a new decision making structure, to control the crisis conditions in the gas transmission network is developed. This system after receiving both functional variables of the gas transmission ... Keywords: Decision support system, Fuzzy decision making, Gas transmission network, Multicriteria decision making, Software development

Hoda Nokhbeh Foghahaayee, Mohammad Bagher Menhaj, Hasan Montazer Torbati

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Is CO2 an Indoor Pollutant? Direct Effects of Low to Moderate CO2 Concentrations on Human Decision?Making Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In: Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2003, 7-11 DecemberIn: Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2006, 4-8 June 2006

Satish, Usha

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Bayesian Decision Theory and Climate Change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A discussion of how Bayesian decision theory has been and could be used to analyze climate change decision making with a focus on the interactions between (i) deep uncertainties, (ii) potential climate thresholds, (iii) low-probability high-impact events, (iv) learning, and (v) decision criteria.

K. Keller

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART A: SYSTEMS AND HUMANS, VOL. 36, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 2006 943 Extending the Decision Field Theory to Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, SEPTEMBER 2006 943 Extending the Decision Field Theory to Model Operators' Reliance on Automation by describing a quantitative model of trust in automation. We extend decision field theory (DFT) to describe the multiple sequential decisions that characterize reliance on au- tomation in supervisory control situations

Lee, John D.

297

Decision Theory and Real Decisions:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Decision theory has been extremely successful in various ways. As a theory per se..., it has provided interesting research opportunities stemming from an elegant central core. It has served as a basis for identif...

Kenneth R. MacCrimmon

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Random sets lotteries and decision theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We apply random sets theory to decision making under risk. This leads to a unifying concept which is compatible with some types of behavior like the Choquet Expected Utility and MaxMin Expected Utility. We show that the expected utility of a random set lottery is easy to calculate. Hence a decision making model with random sets is actually very tractable.

Marc-Arthur Diaye; Gleb Koshevoy

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Six Reasons for Invoking Evolution in Decision Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Six Reasons for Invoking Evolution in Decision Theory Peter Hammerstein and Jeffrey R. Stevens made to understand decision making in the real world. Over the last decades, however, decision theory the increasingly empirical leanings of decision science, the explanatory power of evolutionary theory has been

300

Statistics 712: Applied Statistical Decision Theory Spring 1999 Syllabus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Statistics 712: Applied Statistical Decision Theory Spring 1999 Syllabus Robert Stine stine of many things (issues of multiplicity, Bonferroni) � Bayesian decision theory � Regression modeling of statistical methods and value of statistical perspectives in practical decision making. Some decisions

Stine, Robert A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

America Makes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

America Makes advances additive manufacturing technology and products, and serves as a nationally recognized additive manufacturing center of innovation excellence, working to transform the U.S. manufacturing sector and yield significant advancements throughout industry. America Makes was formerly called the National Additive Manufacturing Innovation Institute (NAMII).

302

Analysis of park-and-ride decision behavior based on Decision Field Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Park and ride is a kind of traffic management solution to the traffic congestion problem in urban cities. This paper analyzes the decision making behavior of Park and Ride from a psychological point of view. Decision Field Theory is used to establish the decision model of Park and Ride. The proposed decision model is calibrated using real-life experimental survey data and has proved to be able to account for the complex decision behavior processes observed in the experimental survey data. The model demonstrates the psychological decision processes of individual travelers and the decision characteristics, such as simple decision, indecision and preference reversal. The effects of factors, e.g. deliberation time, deliberation threshold and initial preference, for mode choice are also examined. The proposed model demonstrates its capability of analyzing park-and-ride decision behavior and providing policy makers with useful information for future promotion and planning for park-and-ride facilities.

Huanmei Qin; Hongzhi Guan; Yao-Jan Wu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

We investigate the role of risk perceptions in societal decision-making and as determinants of the social costs of alternative energy sources. Our point of departure is the internationally unique  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-making and as determinants of the social costs of alternative energy sources. Our point of departure is the internationally in energy policy. The survey elicited explicitly the importance of subjective risks on preferences regarding

Utrecht, Universiteit

304

Mapping the Space of API Design Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When creating new application programming interfaces (APIs), designers must make many decisions. These decisions affect the quality of the resulting APIs in terms of performance (such as speed and memory usage), power (expressiveness, extensibility and evolvability) and usability (learnability, productivity and error prevention). Experienced API designers have written recommendations on how to design APIs, offering their opinions on various API design decisions. Additionally, empirical research has begun to measure the usability tradeoffs of specific design decisions. While previous work has offered specific suggestions, there has not been a clear description of the design space of all possible API design decisions, or the quality attributes that these decisions affect. This paper puts existing API design recommendations into context by mapping out the space of API design decisions and API quality attributes. 1.

Jeffrey Stylos; Brad Myers

305

Evaluation of information bundles in engineering decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

problems. In static insurance decisions, we analyze the case where the decision maker gathers information about the severity of the risk events and perform ranking of information bundles in a speci?c class. In dynamic insurance problems, we make a...

Bakir, Niyazi Onur

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

306

Stocking Rate: The Key Grazing Management Decision  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stocking rate is the most important grazing management decision a rancher makes. This publication covers all the factors involved in determining an appropriate stocking rate, including rainfall and forage production, range condition, and the forage...

Lyons, Robert K.; Machen, Richard V.

2001-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

307

Microsoft Word - Improved Interfaces and Decision Support_FINAL...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sets and performance of today's system operators. * Customer Decision Making - Demand Response (DR) systems will provide information to customers in easily understood formats...

308

Future welfare, prosperity, and sustainability of the human enterprise rely on science-informed decisions about our social systems and the environment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-informed decisions about our social systems and the environment. Understanding how the environment works - insights. The mission of the Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory for Environmental Science and Engineering is to develop basic of the environment. This is an exciting time at the Parsons Lab. Scientific discoveries and technological

Polz, Martin

309

Neural-Network-Based Maintenance Decision Model for Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To decrease the fuzzy and uncertain factors in the maintenance decision models of diesel engine, a combination BP-neural-network-based maintenance decision model for diesel engine is presented in this paper. It can make the maintenance of diesel engine ... Keywords: Deterioration degree, Diesel engine, Maintenance decision, Neural network

Yingkui Gu; Juanjuan Liu; Shuyun Tang

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Mini-Review Neural Antecedents of Financial Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for predicting choices and for building a physiologically constrained theory of decision-making. Key wordsMini-Review Neural Antecedents of Financial Decisions Brian Knutson1 and Peter Bossaerts2 1 of Finance, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 To explain investing decisions

Knutson, Brian

311

2000 Records of Decision  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History Book Records of Decision Tribal Affairs 2000 Records of Decision Fourmile Hill Geothermal Development Project Power Purchase and Transmission Service Agreements -...

312

Sampling in human cognition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bayesian Decision Theory describes optimal methods for combining sparse, noisy data with prior knowledge to build models of an uncertain world and to use those models to plan actions and make novel decisions. Bayesian ...

Vul, Edward

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

R:\DECISION\0084.VBZ  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

September 24, 2003 September 24, 2003 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Interlocutory Order Name of Petitioner: Steven F. Collier Date of Filing: June 11, 2003 Case Number: VBZ-0084 This Decision considers an Appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued on May 20, 2003, involving a Complaint filed by Steven F. Collier (Collier or the Complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In his Complaint, Collier claims that Fluor Fernald, Inc. (FFI), the prime contractor operating the DOE's Fernald, Ohio site and his former direct employer, Coleman Research Corporation (CRC), an FFI subcontractor, terminated him in retaliation for making disclosures that are protected under Part 708. The termination came

314

One more time: does a computer-based decision support system improve managerial decisions?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The literature contains a number of studies dealing with the effectiveness of decision support systems (DSS). The results from these studies have been inconclusive in providing an answer to the question: does a computer-based DSS improve decision effectiveness? These studies have suggested a number of methods to provide a clearer answer to the question. The research reported in this paper has built on the previous research by incorporating a number of recommendations into the design. A highly restrictive design of a decisional guidance decision support system was tested in a laboratory setting. The results support the notion that DSS can enhance managerial decision making. More specifically, the experiments indicate that decision makers perform better with computer-based support that directs a change in the decision process toward a normative decision model.

Donald H. Hammond; Thomas D. Clark; Sandra J. Hartman; Stephen M. Crow

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Application of the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process to the lead-free equipment selection decision  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

After 1 July 2006, a major challenge that the manufacturing industry has to confront now is the effect of the lead-free equipment system selection process on companies' capital expenditure decision. With capital investment, the criteria may be financial (e.g. expected cash flows) and non-financial (e.g. product quality). We use a systems approach with the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP) method as the decision support system to help decision makers making better choices both in relation to tangible criteria and intangible criteria. Fuzzy set theory will be utilised to provide an effective way of dealing with the uncertainty of human subjective interpretation of tangible and intangible criteria.

Yu-Cheng Tang; Thomas W. Lin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Introducing new uncertainty theories into decision-aid methods: application to expert assessment of natural risks in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introducing new uncertainty theories into decision-aid methods: application to expert assessment application cases using possibility, belief function theories and multicriteria decision making are described dam, information imperfection, reliability, expert assessment, multicriteria decision analysis, fuzzy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

317

Fuzzy decision support system for spread mooring system selection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spread mooring systems are associated with high level uncertainties and risks during tanker loading/unloading operations. In addition, the design of such complex systems consists of many subjective and imprecise parameters. Therefore, in the present ... Keywords: AHP, Decision making, Fuzzy multiple attribute decision making, Fuzzy set theory, Spread mooring system, TOPSIS

Ayhan Mentes; Ismail Hakki Helvacioglu

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Decision Analysis for EGS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Decision Analysis for EGS presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

319

Cognitive decision errors and organization vulnerabilities in nuclear power plant safety management: Modeling using the TOGA meta-theory framework  

SciTech Connect

In the field of nuclear power plant (NPP) safety modeling, the perception of the role of socio-cognitive engineering (SCE) is continuously increasing. Today, the focus is especially on the identification of human and organization decisional errors caused by operators and managers under high-risk conditions, as evident by analyzing reports on nuclear incidents occurred in the past. At present, the engineering and social safety requirements need to enlarge their domain of interest in such a way to include all possible losses generating events that could be the consequences of an abnormal state of a NPP. Socio-cognitive modeling of Integrated Nuclear Safety Management (INSM) using the TOGA meta-theory has been discussed during the ICCAP 2011 Conference. In this paper, more detailed aspects of the cognitive decision-making and its possible human errors and organizational vulnerability are presented. The formal TOGA-based network model for cognitive decision-making enables to indicate and analyze nodes and arcs in which plant operators and managers errors may appear. The TOGA's multi-level IPK (Information, Preferences, Knowledge) model of abstract intelligent agents (AIAs) is applied. In the NPP context, super-safety approach is also discussed, by taking under consideration unexpected events and managing them from a systemic perspective. As the nature of human errors depends on the specific properties of the decision-maker and the decisional context of operation, a classification of decision-making using IPK is suggested. Several types of initial situations of decision-making useful for the diagnosis of NPP operators and managers errors are considered. The developed models can be used as a basis for applications to NPP educational or engineering simulators to be used for training the NPP executive staff. (authors)

Cappelli, M. [UTFISST, ENEA Casaccia, via Anguillarese 301, Rome (Italy); Gadomski, A. M. [ECONA, Centro Interuniversitario Elaborazione Cognitiva Sistemi Naturali e Artificiali, via dei Marsi 47, Rome (Italy); Sepiellis, M. [UTFISST, ENEA Casaccia, via Anguillarese 301, Rome (Italy); Wronikowska, M. W. [UTFISST, ENEA Casaccia, via Anguillarese 301, Rome (Italy); Poznan School of Social Sciences (Poland)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Making Histograms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Histograms: Construction, Analysis and Understanding Histograms: Construction, Analysis and Understanding Conservation Laws - Data Analysis Using Graphs - Histograms - Units or Vectors in Particle Physics What is a Histogram? A histogram is "a representation of a frequency distribution by means of rectangles whose widths represent class intervals and whose areas are proportional to the corresponding frequencies." Online Webster's Dictionary Sounds complicated . . . but the concept really is pretty simple. We graph groups of numbers according to how often they appear. Thus if we have the set {1,2,2,3,3,3,3,4,4,5,6}, we can graph them like this: This graph is pretty easy to make and gives us some useful data about the set. For example, the graph peaks at 3, which is also the median and the mode of the set. The mean of the set is 3.27— not far from the peak. The shape of the graph gives us an idea of how the numbers in the set are distributed about the mean: the distribution of this graph is wide compared to size of the peak, indicating that values in the set are only loosely bunched round the mean.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Firm leverage decisions: Does industry matter?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We use a standard capital structure mode l to investigate the firm leverage decisions of 1620 companies listed in the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) across a span of 13 years (20002012), dividing the sample into mining and other industries (non-mining). We also test for significant differences in leverage decisions between these two groups by applying a dummy variable approach. Our findings show that fundamental differences exist between mining and non-mining companies when making leverage decisions. We find evidence that mining firms are more sensitive to profitability and asset tangibility where neither profitability nor asset tangibility has significant association for non-mining firms. Overall results suggest that industry-type does matter for firms making leverage decisions.

Silvia Z. Islam; Sarod Khandaker

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

BEHAVIOR PREDICTION FOR DECISION AND CONTROL IN COGNITIVE AUTONOMOUS SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BEHAVIOR PREDICTION FOR DECISION AND CONTROL IN COGNITIVE AUTONOMOUS SYSTEMS ASOK RAY*, SHASHI for decision and control in cognitive autonomous systems. The objective is to coordinate human­machine collaboration such that human operators can assess and enable autonomous systems to utilize their experi- ential

Ray, Asok

323

Implications of the KONVERGENCE Model for Difficult Cleanup Decisions  

SciTech Connect

AbstractSome cleanup decisions, such as cleanup of intractable contaminated sites or disposal of spent nuclear fuel, have proven difficult to make. Such decisions face high resistance to agreement from stakeholders possibly because they do not trust the decision makers, view the consequences of being wrong as too high, etc. Our projects goal is to improve sciencebased cleanup decision-making. This includes diagnosing intractable situations, as a step to identifying a path toward sustainable solutions. Companion papers describe the underlying philosophy of the KONVERGENCE Model for Sustainable Decisions,1 and the overall framework and process steps.2 Where knowledge, values, and resources converge (the K, V, and R in KONVERGENCE), you will find a sustainable decision a decision that works over time. For intractable cases, serious consideration of the adaptable class of alternatives is warranted if properly implemented and packaged.

Piet, Steven James; Dakins, Maxine Ellen; Gibson, Patrick Lavern; Joe, Jeffrey Clark; Kerr, Thomas A; Nitschke, Robert Leon

2002-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

324

Risky Decisions in the Large and in the Small: Theory and Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Risky Decisions in the Large and in the Small: Theory and Experiment By James C. Cox and Vjollca Sadiraj 1. INTRODUCTION Much of the literature on theories of decision making under risk has emphasized a different approach. Rather than emphasizing differences between theories of decision making under risk, we

Hickman, Mark

325

Speedaccuracy trade-offs during foraging decisions in the acellular slime mould Physarum polycephalum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...effect of two stressors, light exposure and hunger, on the speed and accuracy of decision-making...interested in the effect of light exposure on the speed and accuracy of decision-making...bottom quartile of decision speeds (5 h in the light-exposure trials, 4...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

2007 Records of Decision  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Decision Tribal Affairs 2007 Records of Decision October 5, 2007 - Klondike III Wind Project Power Purchase ROD (PDF, 14 pages, 136 KB) July 19, 2007 - NEPA Long-Term...

327

NREL-Decision-Support Tools Demonstration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL-Decision-Support Tools Demonstration NREL-Decision-Support Tools Demonstration Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Decision-Support Tools Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Software/modeling tools, Presentation, Training materials Website: prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com//w/images/2/29/WIRE Decision-Support Tools Screenshot References: Decision-Support Tools [1] Logo: Decision-Support Tools "This is a short demonstration of three decision-support tools: GsT, HOMER, and JEDI. These tools can be used to make informed decisions regarding the application of renewable energy technologies." Summary

328

Human Ecology Human ecology Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Human Ecology Impact of Human ecology Research Bonus Issue FROM SCHOLARSHIP TO POLICY MAKING OF HUMAN ECOLOGY APRIL 2005/VOLUME 33, NUMBER 1 #12;Human Ecology Volume 33, Number 1 April 2005 The New York State College of Human Ecology at Cornell University Lisa Staiano-Coico, Ph.D. Rebecca Q

Wang, Z. Jane

329

Decision Making under Uncertainty: Reliability and Incentive Compatibility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and optimal scheduling control. Operations Research, 40:293of pricing, scheduling, and admission control policy shouldon pricing, scheduling, and admission control in queueing

Cui, Tingting

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Decision Making with Imprecise Probabilistic Information Thibault Gajdos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that there are 30 red balls and 60 black or yellow balls in the urn, the draw of a roulette wheel (with number from, subjects tend to choose to bet on the color of a ball drawn from an urn whose composition is known, say, 50 black balls and 50 white balls rather than on the color of a ball drawn from an urn that contains black

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

331

Extension Strategic Plan 1 GUIDELINES FOR DECISION-MAKING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

education with organizational efficiency and accountability. In the changing and competitive global organizational capacity to reach these goals, but that we set the stage for the kind of transformative change and understanding. The Strategic Plan articulates a shared purpose that builds upon existing organizational

Netoff, Theoden

332

Technology Development Transition Process: Decision-Making Guide and Checklist  

SciTech Connect

This document supports right-sizing documentation needs with technology development and deployment projects.

Schaeffer, Michael L.; Ace, Mary H.; Martin, Steven W.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Installation of solar technology in Australia results in aused to evaluate solar technologies are insufficient forbeing replaced by the solar technology then we have reduced

Reich-Weiser, Corinne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Use of Policy Risk Assessment Results in Political Decision Making  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Notwithstanding the differences in scientific and political contexts, the discussion around risk assessment has been grown up during the...

Liliana Cori; Gabriel Guli; Joanna Kobza

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Utilization of extended bayesian networks in decision making under uncertainty  

SciTech Connect

Bayesian network tool (called IKE for Integrated Knowledge Engine) has been developed to assess the probability of undesirable events. The tool allows indications and observables from sensors and/or intelligence to feed directly into hypotheses of interest, thus allowing one to quantify the probability and uncertainty of these events resulting from very disparate evidence. For example, the probability that a facility is processing nuclear fuel or assembling a weapon can be assessed by examining the processes required, establishing the observables that should be present, then assembling information from intelligence, sensors and other information sources related to the observables. IKE also has the capability to determine tasking plans, that is, prioritize which observable should be collected next to most quickly ascertain the 'true' state and drive the probability toward 'zero' or 'one.' This optimization capability is called 'evidence marshaling.' One example to be discussed is a denied facility monitoring situation; there is concern that certain process(es) are being executed at the site (due to some intelligence or other data). We will show how additional pieces of evidence will then ascertain with some degree of certainty the likelihood of this process(es) as each piece of evidence is obtained. This example shows how both intelligence and sensor data can be incorporated into the analysis. A second example involves real-time perimeter security. For this demonstration we used seismic, acoustic, and optical sensors linked back to IKE. We show how these sensors identified and assessed the likelihood of 'intruder' versus friendly vehicles.

Van Eeckhout, Edward M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Leishman, Deborah A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gibson, William L [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Smart customization : making evidence-based environmental decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines the environmental benefits created by the manufacture, distribution, and consumer use of products that are mass customized (MC) or produced "on-demand" and tailored to individual end-user preferences. ...

Chin, Ryan C. C., 1974-

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Virtual bargaining: a theory of social decision-making  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Boobytrap game and the standard Nash equilibrium in the...popular generalization standard Nash equilibrium is so-called...information, jointly plan how to react to that...require a much broader review of the experimental literature...perhaps complement, to standard economic accounts based...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bibliography LCA development for Solar . . . . . . .4 Iterative Financial Hybrid LCA 4.1diagram versus matrix representations of LCA . Metric design

Reich-Weiser, Corinne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Decision making in the HIV/AIDS supply chain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the first two decades of HIV/AIDS awareness, the U.S. and foreign governments responded slowly to the crisis. In contrast today, as the pandemic continues, initiatives of nonprofit organizations have dramatically ...

Cao, Elaine Phu

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Identifying teacher expertise: An examination of researchers' decision-making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Burdenski, Jr. Department of Psychology Adams State College Maricela Gonzales Department of Educational Psychology Texas A&M University This article reviews indicators used by researchers to select samples of expert teachers. Re- flecting initially... PALMER, STOUGH, BURDENSKI, GONZALES this construct have found that individual expertise is unique to a specific domain of activity and requires thousands of hours of dedicated practice within that domain (Berliner, 1994; Ericsson, 1996). Researchers also...

Stough, Laura

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Broader perspective on ecosystem sustainability: Consequences for decision making  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...are dynamic, we explore sustainability assessments from three additional perspectives...could benefit from broader sustainability assessments. Understanding...the environmental pillar of sustainability but also to economic and...

Roy C. Sidle; William H. Benson; John F. Carriger; Toshitaka Kamai

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

On Decision Making Following an Industrial Energy Audit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

inversely with yearly energy costs. Finally, a clear correlation between the level of training of plant personnel and the sophistication of solutions to energy problems is clearly demonstrated....

Muller, M. R.; Barnish, T.; Polomski, P. P.

343

Cognition: Mental Representations, Problem Solving, and Decision Making  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A related example of using multiple names for the same object leading to confusion happens with air travel from Dulles Airport. Its name is Dulles International Airport, and its code is IAD. It ... in Sterling, V...

Frank E. Ritter; Gordon D. Baxter

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Low Stream Flows: Making Decisions in an Uncertain Climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is an assessment method for water diversions needed by small-scale hydroelectric projects, I found that uncertainty-scale hydroelectric projects in BC may become more restricted in the future. Keywords: Instream flow needs; low-flow period; fish habitat; run-of-river hydroelectric generation; climate change; small streams; #12;v

345

Seasonality in communication and collective decision-making in ants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...compared across treatments using a Kruskal-Wallis test, followed by Siegel and...treatment removal (figure 1 d; Kruskal-Wallis test, chi 2 = 21.41, d...in cohesiveness (figure 1 e; Kruskal-Wallis test, chi 2 = 3.53, d.f...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Systems Medicine: An Integrated Approach with Decision Making Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

graph for the 3-gene Boolean network in Figure 1. . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3 Two realizations of trajectories for the oriented graph in Figure 2. . 16 4 A schematic of transition in SM-ARN with two consecutive epoch times tk and tk+1. The inter... ? shown with a dashed-line box. Each marker indicates the instant in which the corresponding gene updates its value. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 13 Schematic of transitions in a hypothetical three-gene SM-ARN alongwith...

Faryabi, Babak

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

347

Rangeland Risk Management for Texans: Making Better Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- quences. Too many ranchers hang on to all their live- stock even when rainfall is below normal, simply because it might rain. This destroys your pastures and pocket book. Even if it does rain, your pastures need rest to recover from the drought before you... resume normal stocking rates. Many ranchers and pastures never recover before the next drought occurs. 4) Be realistic about the value of your assets. It can be hard to let go of something in which you?ve invested money, time or effort. An example...

White, Larry D.

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Signal processing and decision making in single cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cells are not simple passive observers oblivious to their environment, but sense and adapt to environmental changes in order to thrive. In addition to sensing the presence of signals in the environment, cells can extract ...

Mettetal, Jerome Thomas, II

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

A Composite Risk Measure Framework for Decision Making under ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Article submitted to Operations Research; manuscript no. ...... In this section, we conduct numerical experiments to demonstrate the tractability and effectiveness.

2015-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

350

Invisible Risks, Emotional Choices Mammography and Medical Decision Making  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...always be yes. The much harder question is how to balance that respect with our professional responsibility to use our expertise to translate clinical science into better population health. Defaulting to patient preference in the face of uncertainty has become the moral high ground. But it is as much our... A child's risk of getting cancer from asbestos insulation in a school building is about one third the chance of being struck by lightning. Nevertheless, in 1993, frightened New York City parents agitated for asbestos removal from schools. As often occurs, ...

Rosenbaum L.

2014-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

351

Political-economic processes and collective decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

model of the political economic process? There is a preciseto model a political-economic process. We point out that in1994 Economic~ POLITICAL ECONOMIC PROCESSES AND COLLECTIVE

Rausser, Gordon C.; Simon, Leo K.; van 't Veld, Klaas T.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of solar-thermal electricity generation, Solar Energy, vol.Energy payback time - a key number for the assessment of thermal solarenergy technology LCA results. Technology EPT (years) Si CdTe Concentrator PV Solar Thermal

Reich-Weiser, Corinne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

The observatory : designing data-driven decision making tools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Creative usages of graphics to encode information date back to at least the beginnings of the industrial revolution. It is also around that same time that a gap between the wealthiest of nations and least begins to develop. ...

Simoes, Alexander James Gaspar

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

European Commission, France energy mix fact sheet, http://European Commission, Germany energy mix fact sheet, http://ways, including regional energy mix variations, resource

Reich-Weiser, Corinne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Short Communication The Anterior Midline Field: Coercion or decision making?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into an eventive meaning in order to match the semantic properties of the event-selecting verb (e.g., `the author encodes that activity meaning. Where does meaning come from when it does not come from the syntax of the coercing noun [Pylkkänen, L., & McElree, B. (2007). An MEG study of silent meaning. Journal of Cognitive

Pylkkänen, Liina

356

ACES Linking Science, Practice, and Decision Making Conference  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

ACES: A Community on Ecosystem Services represents a dynamic and growing assembly of professionals, researchers, and policy makers involved with ecosystem services. The ACES 2014 Conference brings...

357

Giraffes, religion and conflict : essays in behavioral decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Essay 1: Objective Scale Anchoring in Sequential Judgments We explore the scope and boundary conditions for anchoring when respondents render sequential judgments in the absence of an explicit comparative standard. We show ...

Mochon, Daniel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Making a Decision to Intervene: Adaptive Guidelines to Humanitarian Intervention  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Intervention in Kosovo must be dealt differently than the Somalia intervention. Cultures and customs, and familiarity with them are imperative. NATOs partnership with Qatar and the UAE in the Libya intervention is evident of this. 10 which leaves..., which is somewhat speculative many would state that it is self-interest that motivates countries. Buchanan and realist theorists would disagree; Iraq has oil and is too close to other major oil providers, Somalia is a haven for terrorists...

Ahmed, Ranya

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

359

Ignacio E. Grossmann Center for Advanced Process Decision-making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.E. Grossmann, "Global Optimization for Scheduling Refinery Crude Oil Operations," in preparation (2007). Crude Continuous Variables Boolean Variables Logic Propositions OR operator Disjunction Fixed Charges Constraints

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

360

GISness system for fast TSP solving and supporting decision making  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper shows that geographic information system can successfully solve TSP (travelling salesman problem). It has been done using a module of the designed and implemented by authors GISness system. Three algorithms for solving TSP are available, including ...

Iwona Pozniak-Koszalka; Ireneusz Kulaga; Leszek Koszalka

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Agribusiness Faculty Members Perceptions of Importance and Inclusion of Decision Science Topics in Undergraduate Agribusiness Curricula  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agribusiness degree programs train managers to make decisions in complex business environments. Curriculum designers generally look to the offerings of peer institutions for guidance. Decision science (DS) topics are important parts...

Wolfskill, Lawrence Arthur

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

362

A Parametric Mixed-Integer Optimization Algorithm for Multiobjective Engineering Problems Involving Discrete Decisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When the multiobjective problem involves continuous and discrete decisions, as is usually the case in process decision making, it can be formulated as follows: ... The parametric programming theory has mostly focused on linear problems (Gal, 1979). ...

Katerina P. Papalexandri; Theodora I. Dimkou

1998-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

363

Regional Characterization of Freshwater Use in LCA: Modeling Direct Impacts on Human Health  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Regional Characterization of Freshwater Use in LCA: Modeling Direct Impacts on Human Health ... Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a methodology that quantifies potential environmental impacts for comparative purposes in a decision-making context. ... While potential environmental impacts from pollutant emissions into water are characterized in LCA, impacts from water unavailability are not yet fully quantified. ...

Anne-Marie Boulay; Ccile Bulle; Jean-Baptiste Bayart; Louise Deschnes; Manuele Margni

2011-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

364

Northeast Climate Science Center Webinar- Making Decision in Complex Landscapes: Headwater Stream Management Across Multiple Agencies Using Structured Decision Making  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

There is growing evidence that headwater stream ecosystems are vulnerable to changing climate and land use, but their conservation is challenged by the need to address the threats at a landscape...

365

The Foundations of Causal Decision Theory, by James Joyce, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999, Pp. xii + 268. H/b 45.00.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Foundations of Causal Decision Theory, by James Joyce, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press of the recent philosophical literature, including rational decision making and probabilistic theories historical introduction to the topic of decision theory (including an incisive critical discussion of Leonard

Fitelson, Branden

366

DECISION MODELS FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLANNING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

widespread applications in civilian sectors, both in private companies and in the nonmilitary government. The majority of Fortune 500 companies have utilized O.R. inside to help them in their decision making, long.R. experience, created its DRAFT #12;own permanent O.R. group within the City's Office of Management and Budget

Wang, Hai

367

RETScreen International Clean Energy Decision Support Centre | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RETScreen International Clean Energy Decision Support Centre RETScreen International Clean Energy Decision Support Centre Jump to: navigation, search Logo: RETScreen International Clean Energy Decision Support Centre Name RETScreen International Clean Energy Decision Support Centre Agency/Company /Organization Natural Resources Canada Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Pathways analysis Website http://www.retscreen.net/ang/h References Centre Overview [1] This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. "The RETScreen International Clean Energy Decision Support Centre seeks to build the capacity of planners, decision-makers and industry to implement renewable energy, cogeneration and energy efficiency projects. This objective is achieved by: developing decision-making tools (i.e. RETScreen

368

Projection and Reaction for Decision Support in Refineries: Combining Multiple Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

system to provide decision support for refinery operations personnel (Krebsbach & Musliner 1997; Musliner) used to optimize control parameters during normal operations. Current Refinery Operations HumanProjection and Reaction for Decision Support in Refineries: Combining Multiple Theories Kurt D

Krebsbach, Kurt D.

369

Quantum Decision Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that, contrary to conventional wisdom, decision theory is not invariant to the physical environment in which a decision is made. Specifically, we show that a decision maker (DM) with access to quantum information resources may be able to do strictly better than a DM with access only to classical information resources. In this respect, our findings are somewhat akin to those in computer science that have established the superiority of quantum over classical algorithms for certain problems. We treat three kinds of decision tree (Kuhn [1950], [1953]): Kuhn trees in which the DM does or does not have perfect recall, and non-Kuhn trees.

Adam Brandenburger; Pierfrancesco La Mura

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

2002 Records of Decision  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

371

1996 Records of Decision  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

372

2005 Records of Decision  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

373

2012 Records of Decision  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

374

2010 Records of Decision  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

375

2013 Records of Decision  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

376

1999 Records of Decision  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

377

2011 Records of Decision  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

378

Supporting Risk-Informed Decisions during Business Process Execution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be acceptable. Moreover, we have shown that it is not always possible to mitigate all process risks. For exampleSupporting Risk-Informed Decisions during Business Process Execution Raffaele Conforti1 participants in making risk-informed decisions, with the aim to reduce the process risks. Risk reduction

van der Aalst, Wil

379

RSCN/EVST 379W Collaboration in Natural Resource Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Syllabus RSCN/EVST 379W Collaboration in Natural Resource Decisions Spring 2009 Instructors: Jim-based settings, collaborative natural resource planning and decision-making may have implications beyond to effective multi-party engagement have kept collaborative processes on the margin of standard operating

Vonessen, Nikolaus

380

Applications of Belief Functions in Business Decisions: A Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we review recent applications of Dempster-Shafer theory (DST) of belief functions to auditing and business decision-making. We show how DST can better map uncertainties in the application domains than ...

Srivastava, Rajendra P.; Liu, Liping

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Statement of Secretary Steven Chu on President Obama's Decision...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

science is at the heart of decisions we make. From energy to environmental protection to health care reform, Americans will be well served by this approach. " Media contact(s):...

382

Modeling designers' color decision processes through emotive choice mapping  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Color selection support systems require a quantitative model of the color design decision-making process in order to support color selection strategies that further the specified goals of the designer without obstructing the unspecified goals. The system ...

Eric W. Cooper; Yuko Ishida; Katsuari Kamei

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Tacnet, J.M et al., 2010. International Snow Science Workshop Squaw Valley, USA (ISSW 2010) APPLYING NEW UNCERTAINTY RELATED THEORIES AND MULTICRITERIA DECISION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) APPLYING NEW UNCERTAINTY RELATED THEORIES AND MULTICRITERIA DECISION ANALYSIS METHODS TO SNOW AVALANCHE decision making and existing theories attempting to represent and propagate information imperfections decision analysis (MCDA) to model the decision-making process and fuzzy sets theory, possibility theory

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

384

Workshop Helps Empower Tribes to Make Renewable Energy Project...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

from NREL technical experts on how to use a free online tool called the System Advisor Model to make informed decisions about renewable energy development. Photo by John De...

385

The neutron warhead decision  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The neutron warhead decision ... Nuclear war moved a step closer last week with the U.S.'s decision to move ahead with production of so-called neutron warheads for use on short-range missiles and in artillery shells. ... And neutron weapons would be almost as effective on ... ...

MICHAEL HEYLIN

1981-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

386

A generalized decision model for naval weapon procurement: Multi-attribute decision making.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??For any given reason, every year many countries spend a lot of money purchasing at least one weapon. Due to the secret character of the (more)

Chang, Jin O

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Environmental Decision Analysis: Meeting the Challenges of Making Good Decisions at CALFED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Water Account, Drinking Water Quality, Watershed Management,environmental collaborations, formed with the express goal of improving ecological health and water management

Tomkins, Claire D

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Decision making with clinical diagnostic tests in terms of statistical decision theory and information theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The value of a diagnostic test for an individual patient is expressed in terms of the tests ability to determine whether the patient does or does not have a disease. For diagnostic...

Schuchard, Ronald A; Massof, Robert W

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Decision Summaries | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Decision Summaries Decision Summaries Decision Summaries RSS January 16, 2014 Summary of Decisions - December 30, 2013 - January 3, 2014 Decisions were issued on: - Privacy Act Appeal January 10, 2014 Summary of Decisions - MM DD YYYY - MM DD YYYY Decisions were issued on: - Personnel Security (10 CFR Part 710) December 27, 2013 Summary of Decisions - December 23, 2013 - December 27, 2013 Decisions were issued on: - Freedom of Information Act Appeal - Personnel Security (10 CFR Part 710) December 20, 2013 Summary of Decisions - December 16, 2013 - December 20, 2013 Decisions were issued on: - Freedom of Information Act Appeal - Personnel Security (10 CFR Part 710) December 13, 2013 Summary of Decisions - December 9, 2013 - December 13, 2013 Decisions were issued on: - Freedom of Information Act Appeal

390

Automation and Accountability in Decision Support System Interface Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When the human element is introduced into decision support system design, entirely new layers of social and ethical issues emerge but are not always recognized as such. This paper discusses those ethical and social impact ...

Cummings, M. L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Learning environment simulator: a tool for local decision makers and first responders  

SciTech Connect

The National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center (NISAC) has developed a prototype learning environment simulator (LES) based on the Critical Infrastructure Protection Decision Support System (CIPDSS) infrastructure and scenario models. The LES is designed to engage decision makers at the grass-roots level (local/city/state) to deepen their understanding of an evolving crisis, enhance their intuition and allow them to test their own strategies for events before they occur. An initial version is being developed, centered on a pandemic influenza outbreak and has been successfully tested with a group of hospital administrators and first responders. LES is not a predictive tool but rather a simulated environment allowing the user to experience the complexities of a crisis before it happens. Users can contrast various approaches to the crisis, competing with alternative strategies of their own or other participants. LES is designed to assist decision makers in making informed choices by functionally representing relevant scenarios before they occur, including impacts to critical infrastructures with their interdependencies, and estimating human health & safety and economic impacts. In this paper a brief overview of the underlying models are given followed by a description of the LES, its interface and usage and an overview of the experience testing LES with a group of hospital administrators and first responders. The paper concludes with a brief discussion of the work remaining to make LES operational.

Leclaire, Rene J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hirsch, Gary B [CLE, INCORPORATED

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Evaluating the Quality of Structured Environmental Management Decisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structured decision making (SDM) approaches have been advocated as a means of improving the quality of environmental and related risk management decisions based largely on the self-reported behavior of decision makers. ... The goal of such an approach is to improve the available knowledge base so that participants can make choices that are informed by detailed scientific data and is similar in intent to many of the science-based initiatives in decision making now being undertaken by the EPA (25). ... These results point to a disconnect between subjects' ranking of management objectiveswhich the self-reported findings would suggest was driven by thoughtful analysis of the information providedand the prioritizing of manage ment problems, which appeared to be driven by some other mode of judgment, possibly the use of an affect-based heuristic. ...

Robyn S. Wilson; Joseph L. Arvai

2006-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

393

Negotiation of Multilateral Security Decisions for Grid Computing Li Zhou Clifford Neuman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Negotiation of Multilateral Security Decisions for Grid Computing Li Zhou Clifford Neuman Architecture that facilitates the collaboration in making security decisions for grid services. In particular security decisions according to the level of trust among grid service providers. 1. Introduction The grid

Hwang, Kai

394

Mapping the Space of API Design Decisions Jeffrey Stylos and Brad Myers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mapping the Space of API Design Decisions Jeffrey Stylos and Brad Myers Carnegie Mellon University { jsstylos, bam }@cs.cmu.edu Abstract When creating new application programming inter- faces (APIs), designers must make many decisions. These decisions affect the quality of the resulting APIs in terms

Myers, Brad A.

395

Decision Summaries | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

December 13, 2013 Summary of Decisions - December 9, 2013 - December 13, 2013 Decisions were issued on: - Freedom of Information Act Appeal - Personnel Security (10 CFR Part 710)...

396

Decision Summaries | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Act Appeal - Personnel Security (10 CFR Part 710) December 7, 2012 Summary of Decisions - December 3, 2012 - December 7, 2012 Decisions were issued on: - Personnel Security (10 CFR...

397

Decision Science | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to develop and apply the critical decision support methods. Decision support tools help our nation plan our response to potential catastrophes. As a leading developer of these...

398

Multi-Decision-Makers Equalizer: A Multiobjective Decision Support System for Multiple Decision-Makers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we present a decision support system that helps to solve multiobjective decision problems considering a multi decision-makers framework. By an iterative procedure this system looks for a single s...

Patricia Jaramillo; Ricardo A. Smith; Joaqun Andru

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Why Markets Make Mistakes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many models of markets are based on assumptions of rationality, transparency, efficiency, and homogeneity in various combinations. They assume, at least implicitly, that decision makers understand the structure of the ...

Weil, Henry Birdseye

2009-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

400

Bayesian decision theoryBayesian decision theory Jean Daunizeau  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bayesian decision theoryBayesian decision theory Jean Daunizeau Wellcome Trust CentreFromstatisticalinferencetostatisticaldecision...... estimationmotivationmotivation conclusionBayesian Decision Theory (i) What do we do with posterior pdfs? (ii) How can we learn:Expectedutilitytheory: existenceofautilityfunctionexistenceofautilityfunction estimationmotivationmotivation conclusionBayesian Decision Theory hypothesis testing

Daunizeau, Jean

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

R:\DECISION\0061.VBA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2003 2003 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Appeal Name of Petitioner: Bernard Cowan Date of Filing: July 18, 2002 Case Number: VBA-0061 On July 18, 2002, Argonne National Laboratory-West ("ANL" or "the contractor") filed an appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued by an Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Hearing Officer under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 CFR Part 708. Bernard Cowan, 28 DOE ¶ 87,023 (2002). The IAD found that the contractor retaliated against Bernard Cowan ("Cowan" or "the complainant"), an employee at ANL, for making disclosures protected under Part 708. The IAD ordered the contractor to reinstate Cowan, provide him with back pay, and reimburse him for the reasonable costs and expenses of prosecuting his

402

CropIrri: A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR CROP IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: A field crop irrigation management decision-making system (CropIrri) was developed based on the soil water management model. The irrigation plan is made through predicating of soil water content in root zone-sowing and real-time irrigation management decision-making support, simulation of soil water dynamics in the root

403

EIS-0236: Record of Decision  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Record of Decision Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Stockpile Stewardship and Management

404

Fan Energy Savings Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Axial fans are used for thousands of industrial applications consuming millions of kilowatts daily. The decision that saves dollars is to either automatically change fan speed or change blade pitch to save up to 50 percent of consumed power over a...

Monroe, R. C.

405

EIS-0286: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Record of Decision Record of Decision EIS-0286: Record of Decision Solid Waste Program, Hanford Site, Richland, WA: Storage and Treatment of Low-Level Waste and Mixed Low-Level Waste; Disposal of Low-Level Waste and Mixed Low-Level Waste, and Storage, Processing, and Certification of Transuranic Waste for Shipment to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is making decisions regarding low-level radioactive waste (LLW), mixed low-level waste (MLLW), which contains both radioactive and chemically hazardous components, and transuranic (TRU) waste (including mixed TRU waste) at the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State. Record of Decision for the Solid Waste Program, Hanford Site, Richland, WA: Storage and Treatment of Low-Level Waste and Mixed Low-Level Waste;

406

EIS-0161: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Record of Decision Record of Decision EIS-0161: Record of Decision Tritium Supply and Recycling The Department of Energy (DOE) is issuing this Record of Decision regarding DOE's proposal for Tritium Supply and Recycling Facilities. The Department is making three simultaneous decisions. First, the Department will pursue a dual track on the two most promising tritium supply alternatives: to initiate purchase of an existing commercial reactor (operating or partially complete) or irradiation services with an option to purchase the reactor for conversion to a defense facility; and to design, build, and test critical components of an accelerator system for tritium production. Within a three-year period, the Department would select one of the tracks to serve as the primary source of tritium.

407

Decision management for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project is in the process of developing estimates for the radiation doses that individuals and population groups may have received as a result of past activities at the Hanford Reservation in Eastern Washington. A formal decision-aiding methodology has been developed to assist the HEDR Project in making significant and defensible decisions regarding how this study will be conducted. These decisions relate primarily to policy (e.g., the appropriate level of public participation in the study) and specific technical aspects (e.g., the appropriate domain and depth of the study), and may have significant consequences with respect to technical results, costs, and public acceptability.

Roberds, W.J.; Haerer, H.A. (Golder Associates, Inc., Redmond, WA (United States)); Winterfeldt, D.V. (Decision Insights, Laguna Beach, CA (United States))

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Y.Y. Yao, Three-way decisions with probabilistic rough sets, Information Sciences, Vol. 180, No. 3, pp. 341-353, 2010.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

model. The results enrich the rough set theory by ideas from Bayesian decision theory and hypothesis of incorrect decisions make the rough set theory practical in applications. Key words: Decision-theoretic roughY.Y. Yao, Three-way decisions with probabilistic rough sets, Information Sciences, Vol. 180, No. 3

Yao, Yiyu

409

A risk assessment software tool for evaluating potential risks to human health and the environment  

SciTech Connect

The Ecology and National Environmental Policy Act Division (END), is providing a sitewide evaluation of alternative strategies for the final disposition of the Rocky Flats Plant material inventory. This analysis is known as the Systems Engineering Analysis (SEA) for the Rocky Flats Plant. The primary intent of the SEA is to support the Rocky Flats Plant decision-making. As part of the SEA project, a risk assessment software tool has been developed which will assist in the analysis by providing an evaluation of potential risks to human health and the environment for the purpose of augmenting future decisions at the site.

Drendel, G. [ICF/Kaiser, Lakewood, CO (United States); Jones, M.; Shain, D. [EG & G Rocky Flats, Inc., Golden, CO (United States); Allen, B.; Gentry, R.; Shipp, A.; Van Landingham, C. [ICF Kaiser, Ruston, LA (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

410

Decision Summaries | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

March 7, 2014 Summary of Decisions - March 3, 2014 - March 7, 2014 Decisions were issued on: - Freedom of Information Act Appeal - Personnel Security (10 CFR Part 710) February 21,...

411

Making a Solar Oven  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Students make solar ovens. Student background information is provided. The expected outcome is that students will learn about solar energy transfer.

412

DECISION AND ORDER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, 2004 , 2004 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Decision of the Director Name of Petitioner: Charles L. Evans Date of Filing: May 17, 2004 Case Number: TBU-0026 Charles Evans, a former employee of Fluor Hanford Inc. (Fluor), a Department of Energy (DOE) contractor, appeals the DOE Richland Operations Office=s (Richland) dismissal of the whistleblower complaint he filed against Fluor under 10 C.F.R. Part 708, the DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program. I. BACKGROUND A. The DOE=s Contractor Employee Protection Program The DOE=s Contractor Employee Protection Program was established to safeguard Apublic and employee health and safety; ensur[e] compliance with applicable laws, rules, and regulations; and prevent[] fraud, mismanagement, waste and abuse@ at DOE=s government-owned, contractor-operated facilities. 57 Fed. Reg.

413

Which decision theory?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A new laboratory experiment is designed to identify the best theories for describing decisions under risk. The experimental design has two noteworthy features: a representative sample of binary choice problems (for fair comparison across theories) and a lottery set with a small number of outcomes and probabilities (for ease of non-parametric estimation). We find that a simple heuristic, rank-dependent utility and expected utility theory provide the best goodness of fit.

Pavlo Blavatskyy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Epistemic Decision Theory Hilary Greaves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Epistemic Decision Theory Hilary Greaves Faculty of Philosophy, University of Oxford hilary an epistemic decision theory, in a consequentialist spirit. Previous work has focused on cases in which and causal decision theory, and of the Newcomb Problem and `Psychopath Button' Problem. A variant of causal

Fitelson, Branden

415

Record of Decision, Tritium Supply and Recycling Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

63877 63877 Tuesday December 12, 1995 Part VII Department of Energy Record of Decision; Tritium Supply and Recycling Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement; Notice 63878 Federal Register / Vol. 60, No. 238 / Tuesday, December 12, 1995 / Notices DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Record of Decision: Tritium Supply and Recycling Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Record of Decision: Selection of Tritium Supply Technology and Siting of Tritium Supply and Recycling Facilities. SUMMARY: The Department of Energy (DOE) is issuing this Record of Decision regarding DOE's proposal for Tritium Supply and Recycling Facilities. The Department is making three simultaneous decisions. First, the Department will pursue a dual track on the two most promising tritium supply

416

Making Argumentation Serve Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

9 Making Argumentation Serve Design Gerhard Fischer University ofColorado Andreas C. Lemke ALCATEL scientist interesled in design and design suppon S\\"Stems, particularly in domain-oriented design environmenlS and how they make :irgumemation serve design by supporting reflection-in-action; he

Fischer, Gerhard

417

Abstract B22: Demographic and psychosocial predictors of low-income mothers decision to vaccinate their daughters against HPV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...predictors of low-income mothers decision to vaccinate their daughters...part on low-income mothers decisions to either vaccinate or not...waiting-room assessment of theory-driven factors associated with medical decision-making. Daughters vaccination...

Tiffany Floyd

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

An Outline of a Theory of Three-way Decisions Department of Computer Science, University of Regina,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Outline of a Theory of Three-way Decisions Yiyu Yao Department of Computer Science, University in everyday decision-making and have been widely used in many fields and disciplines. An outline of a theory to other theories. 1 Introduction The concept of three-way decisions was recently proposed and used

Yao, Yiyu

419

Investment Decisions for Baseload Power Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investment Decisions for Investment Decisions for Baseload Power Plants January 29, 2010 402/012910 Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United

420

Fair play in energy policy decisions: Procedural fairness, outcome fairness and acceptance of the decision to rebuild nuclear power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To raise public acceptance of new energy policies, promoting the fairness of the outcomes and of the decision-making procedure has been suggested. Very few studies have examined the role of fairness in public acceptance of rebuilding nuclear power plants. Therefore, using a large mail survey, we investigated the publics acceptance of the decision to rebuild nuclear power plants in Switzerland by 2020. The study examined the influence of procedural fairness and outcome fairness on the acceptance of this decision, as well as other factors such as risk perception and benefit perception. Additionally, we investigated the moderating influence of general attitudes towards nuclear power on the relation between fairness and decision acceptance. Results indicated that outcome fairness strongly increased decision acceptance, along with general attitudes towards nuclear power and perceived economic benefits. Procedural fairness had only a small impact on decision acceptance. The influence of fairness on decision acceptance did not seem to depend on general nuclear attitudes. Our findings imply that, in the case of rebuilding nuclear power plants, perceived benefits and outcome fairness are important determinants of acceptance of the decision, while procedural fairness only has a limited impact.

Vivianne H.M. Visschers; Michael Siegrist

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Implementing Motor Decision Plans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Implementing Motor Decision Plans R. Neal Elliott, Ph.D., P.E., Senior Associate American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE), Washington, DC Abstract The first step to reducing energy costs and increasing reliability in motors... is chosen with limited regard to the short or long-tenn cost. This paper discusses how to develop a plan appropriate to the needs of a particular facility. Introduction In most cases, the opportunity to install a more efficient motor isO available...

Elliott, R. N.

422

MAKING SOLAR PANELS GREENER  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

MAKING SOLAR PANELS GREENER ... Producing PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS more sustainably will require reducing energy consumption, toxic substances ... For example, consider crystalline silicon-based photovoltaic solar panels, which currently boast about 80% of the global market. ...

SARAH EVERTS

2011-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

423

Empowering Users To Become Designers: Using Meta-Design Environments to Enable and Motivate Sustainable Energy Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sustainable Energy Decisions Holger Dick, Hal Eden, Gerhard Fischer, and Jason Zietz 1 University of Colorado individuals and communities more broadly in understanding and making more sustainable choices regarding energy-in-use, decision-making, energy sustainability ACM Classification Keywords INTRODUCTION There is overwhelming

Fischer, Gerhard

424

Chapter 4 - Air Pollution Decision Tools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Different types of information must be evaluated and integrated to support means of addressing air pollution. Evidence-based is compared to precaution-based air pollution risk assessment. The entire spectrum of risk-based decision making is considered, including risk perception. Air pollution statistics and probability are discussed using examples and case studies, including radon, black swan events, toxic clouds such as the one in Bhopal, India and explosions and fires such as the one caused by the derailment in Lac-Mgantic in eastern Quebec, Canada.

Daniel Vallero

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Enterprise decision support using Intranet technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a knowledge-based enterprise modeling framework that automatically builds and executes task-specific models in response to user queries. This framework bases its reasoning about a particular organization upon a library of knowledge representing signigicant organizational phenomena from different perspectives and at different levels of detail. The system is aimed at providing fast cycle responses to decrease organizational error and support strategic decision-making. The focus is on how to improve model building and how to extract the relevant knowledge to support specific analyses of corporate issues. An Intranet-based prototype implementation is presented to illustrate the ideas and concepts.

Sulin Ba; Karl R Lang; Andrew B Whinston

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Better Buildings Alliance Solar Decision Guide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Businesses considering implementing solar PV may encounter widespread geographic differences regarding utility incentive structures (buy-down incentives, performance based incentives, feed-in tariffs, etc.), utility policies (net metering, interconnection requirements), regulatory structures, and permitting requirements. They might also have uncertainty about how to assess the different ownership structures (PPA, lease, own, etc.). The Solar Decision Guide can help companies navigate this complex environment to determine if investing in solar makes financial sense and to identify the regions that offer the most promising returns on solar investment.

427

EIS-0232: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

32: Record of Decision 32: Record of Decision EIS-0232: Record of Decision Sierra Nevada Customer Service Region 2004 Power Marketing Program The Department of Energy (DOE), Western Area Power Administration (Western), has decided to develop and implement a marketing program for marketing Federal electric power resources from the Central Valley Project (CVP) after year 2004 that is within the range of the actions defined in Western's preferred alternative described in the 2004 Power Marketing Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (final 2004 EIS). In making this decision, Western has considered all comments received on its alternatives and the analysis contained in the 2004 Power Marketing Program Draft and Final Environmental Impact Statements (2004 EIS) issued for the

428

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Stranded Biogas Decision Tool for Fuel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stranded Biogas Decision Tool for Fuel Cell Co-Production Stranded Biogas Decision Tool for Fuel Cell Co-Production Project Summary Full Title: Stranded Biogas Decision Tool for Fuel Cell Co-Production Project ID: 257 Principal Investigator: Michael Ulsh Brief Description: This project will explore the feasibility and utility of using stranded biogas resources in fuel cell co-production networks as well as lay the basis for development of analysis and decision-making tools for potential biogas sources and energy end-users to evaluate the economic feasibility of deploying these systems. Performer Principal Investigator: Michael Ulsh Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Address: 1617 Cole Blvd. Golden, CO 80401 Telephone: 303-275-3842 Email: michael.ulsh@nrel.gov Website: http://www.nrel.gov

429

NREL: Energy Analysis - Energy Data for Decision Makers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Data for Decision Makers Energy Data for Decision Makers The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is home to a wealth of data and tools that can be linked together to derive knowledge and expand decision-making capabilities. Our platform links energy communities and decision makers such as policymakers, researchers, technology investors, venture capitalists, and market professionals - with valuable energy data, information, analyses, tools, images, maps, and other resources. Cover of the Renewable Energy Data Book. Cover of the Renewable Energy Data Book. Cover of the Power Technologies Energy Data Book. Cover of the Renewable Energy Data Book. A map visually representing state and congressional funding in the U.S by state. A screenshot of the 20% Wind Energy 2030 website.

430

EIS-0200: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

00: Record of Decision 00: Record of Decision EIS-0200: Record of Decision Treatment and Disposal of Low-Level Waste and Mixed Low-Level Waste; Amendment of the Record of Decision for the Nevada Test Site For the management of low- level waste (LLW) analyzed in the Final Waste Management Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (WM PEIS), the Department of Energy (DOE) has decided to perform minimum treatment at all sites and continue, to the extent practicable, disposal of on- site LLW at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL), the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in New Mexico, the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) in Tennessee, and the Savannah River Site (SRS) in South Carolina. In addition, the Department has decided to make the Hanford Site

431

A Decision Support System for Optimum Use of Fertilizers  

SciTech Connect

The Decision Support System for Agriculture (DSS4Ag) is an expert system being developed by the Site-Specific Technologies for Agriculture (SST4Ag) precision farming research project at the INEEL. DSS4Ag uses state-of-the-art artificial intelligence and computer science technologies to make spatially variable, site-specific, economically optimum decisions on fertilizer use. The DSS4Ag has an open architecture that allows for external input and addition of new requirements and integrates its results with existing agricultural systems infrastructures. The DSS4Ag reflects a paradigm shift in the information revolution in agriculture that is precision farming. We depict this information revolution in agriculture as an historic trend in the agricultural decision-making process.

Hoskinson, Reed Louis; Hess, John Richard; Fink, Raymond Keith

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

A Decision Support System for Optimum Use of Fertilizers  

SciTech Connect

The Decision Support System for Agriculture (DSS4Ag) is an expert system being developed by the Site-Specific Technologies for Agriculture (SST4Ag) precision farming research project at the INEEL. DSS4Ag uses state-of-the-art artificial intelligence and computer science technologies to make spatially variable, site-specific, economically optimum decisions on fertilizer use. The DSS4Ag has an open architecture that allows for external input and addition of new requirements and integrates its results with existing agricultural systems' infrastructures. The DSS4Ag reflects a paradigm shift in the information revolution in agriculture that is precision farming. We depict this information revolution in agriculture as an historic trend in the agricultural decision-making process.

R. L. Hoskinson; J. R. Hess; R. K. Fink

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Nanotechnology Regulation: A Study in Claims Making  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(1, 2) While such characterizations focus upon its impact on markets, this new technology is also disruptive in another way; it challenges risk governance in the United States, meaning the legal and institutional decision-making processes used in addressing risks facing society. ... Sociologists and political scientists in particular have examined how social problems come to be defined and addressed in policybe it legislative or administrative. ... Clearly, it has some influence; one need only observe the prevalence of insurance markets and the existence of risk-management departments and professionals within business firms to recognize that firms respond to the tort regime in structuring their organizations and operations. ...

Timothy F. Malloy

2011-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

434

Decision Summaries | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appliances & Electronics Search link to facebook link to twitter Email Signup Sign up for updates Go Search form Search Appliances & Electronics You are here Home Decision...

435

Solar Site Screening Decision Tree  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The solar site screening decision tree guides users through a process for screening sites for their suitability for future redevelopment with solar photovoltaic energy. EPA encourages the...

436

Perceptual decision processes flexibly adapt to avoid change-of-mind motor costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Perceptual decision processes flexibly adapt to avoid change- of-mind motor costs Jeff Moher dynamically adjust perceptual decision-making processes to avoid high motor costs incurred by a change of mind flexibly adapt to avoid change-of-mind motor costs. Journal of Vision, 14(8):1, 1­13, http

Song, Joo-Hyun

437

A New, Entropy Based Method To Support Waste and Resource Management Decisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A New, Entropy Based Method To Support Waste and Resource Management Decisions ... Case studies demonstrate that the new tool is well suited to support and complement existing methods for decision making in waste and resource management such as LCA. ... To calculate X and Y, a mathematical function from the field of Information Theory is used (8). ...

Helmut Rechberger; Paul H. Brunner

2001-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

438

Abstract 4271: The cBioPortal for Cancer Genomics as a clinical decision support tool  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Abstract 4271: The cBioPortal for Cancer Genomics as a clinical decision support tool JianJiong...are evolving the cBioPortal for Cancer Genomics into a clinical decision support tool...analysis engine that makes complex cancer genomics data accessible to a wide range of cancer...

JianJiong Gao; B. Arman Aksoy; Benjamin Gross; Gideon Dresdner; Yichao Sun; S. Onur Sumer; Chris Sander; Nikolaus Schultz

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

EIS-0221: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: Record of Decision 1: Record of Decision EIS-0221: Record of Decision York County Energy Partners Cogeneration Facility of the Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program in North Codorus Township, York County, Pennsylvania The Department of Energy (the Department) has prepared an Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/ EIS-0221) to assess the environmental and human health impacts associated with construction and operation of the York County Energy Partners, L.P. (YCEP) Cogeneration Facility on a 38- acre (15.4-hectare) parcel in North Codorus Township, York County, PA. DOE/EIS-0221, Record of Decision: York County Energy Partners Cogeneration Facility of the Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program in North Codorus Township, York County, Pennsylvania, 60 FR 43437 (August 1995)

440

EIS-0221: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21: Record of Decision 21: Record of Decision EIS-0221: Record of Decision York County Energy Partners Cogeneration Facility of the Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program in North Codorus Township, York County, Pennsylvania The Department of Energy (the Department) has prepared an Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/ EIS-0221) to assess the environmental and human health impacts associated with construction and operation of the York County Energy Partners, L.P. (YCEP) Cogeneration Facility on a 38- acre (15.4-hectare) parcel in North Codorus Township, York County, PA. DOE/EIS-0221, Record of Decision: York County Energy Partners Cogeneration Facility of the Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program in North Codorus Township, York County, Pennsylvania, 60 FR 43437 (August 1995)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The Effects of a Standards-Based Curriculum on Science Teachers' Instructional Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Teachers are an essential link between the curriculum and student achievement. Teachers make instructional decisions that (1) determine the success or failure of a curricular intervention and (2) can result in either alignment or disconnect between...

Metty, Jane Maureen

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

442

Transportation in Shanghai: A Decision Support System to Move towards Sustainability.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An excellent transportation system is integral for Shanghai as it aims for sustainable development. Decision-making has a far-reaching impact on transportation, which should be improved (more)

Quchen, Xu; Yanping, Zhuang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Glass-Making  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... director of Messrs. Pilkington Brothers, Ltd., on The Making of a Sheet of Glass. Major Weeks first gave a brief outline of some fundamental scientific considerations, with ... the raw materials are introduced at one end of a continuous furnace and the molten glass withdrawn at the other. The various processes necessary for the manufacture of sheet and ...

1933-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

444

Diamond-Making  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...polygy-nous mating systems) make them ideal...studies of how mating systems influence patterns...different mating systems and se-lection...them into "At full power, Henri Moissan's...Elective Mutism. A Handbook for Educators...Ecosystem and Its Restoration. Steven M. Davis...

A. Jayaraman

1994-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

445

Stochastic Dynamic Demand Inventory Models with Explicit Transportation Costs and Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the policy where several small loads will be dispatched as a single, combined load. From an inventory-modeling perspec- tive, the integrated inventory-transportation problems add dispatch quantities as decision variables to the stochastic dynamic inventory...): The vendor makes the inventory replen- ishment decisions on how much to order from the outside supplier. 2. Pure Outbound Transportation Models (PO): The collection depot makes the delivery schedules of order dispatches to the buyer(s). 3. Integrated...

Zhang, Liqing

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Decision support software technology demonstration plan  

SciTech Connect

The performance evaluation of innovative and alternative environmental technologies is an integral part of the US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) mission. Early efforts focused on evaluating technologies that supported the implementation of the Clean Air and Clean Water Acts. In 1986 the Agency began to demonstrate and evaluate the cost and performance of remediation and monitoring technologies under the Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) program (in response to the mandate in the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA)). In 1990, the US Technology Policy was announced. This policy placed a renewed emphasis on making the best use of technology in achieving the national goals of improved quality of life for all Americans, continued economic growth, and national security. In the spirit of the technology policy, the Agency began to direct a portion of its resources toward the promotion, recognition, acceptance, and use of US-developed innovative environmental technologies both domestically and abroad. Decision Support Software (DSS) packages integrate environmental data and simulation models into a framework for making site characterization, monitoring, and cleanup decisions. To limit the scope which will be addressed in this demonstration, three endpoints have been selected for evaluation: Visualization; Sample Optimization; and Cost/Benefit Analysis. Five topics are covered in this report: the objectives of the demonstration; the elements of the demonstration plan; an overview of the Site Characterization and Monitoring Technology Pilot; an overview of the technology verification process; and the purpose of this demonstration plan.

SULLIVAN,T.; ARMSTRONG,A.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Sensitivity Analysis for Decision Boundaries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel approach is presented to visualize and analyze decision boundaries for feedforward neural networks. First order sensitivity analysis of the neural network output function with respect to input perturbations is used to visualize the position ... Keywords: decision boundary, feature extraction, feedforward neural network, irrelevant parameters, pruning, sensitivity analysis

A. P. Engelbrecht

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Decision-theoretic rough fuzzy set model and application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This article investigates the rough approximation of a fuzzy concept on a probabilistic approximation space. We propose the probabilistic rough fuzzy set by defining the conditional probability of a fuzzy event. Then we establish the model of probabilistic rough fuzzy set and discuss several properties in detail. Furthermore, three generalizations of probabilistic rough fuzzy set, namely, 0.5-probabilistic rough fuzzy set, variable precision probabilistic rough fuzzy set and Bayesian rough fuzzy set are reported. In order to give a systematic method of selecting parameters for the probabilistic rough fuzzy set, we propose a decision-theoretic rough fuzzy set. That is, we formulate a non-parametric definition of the probabilistic rough fuzzy set. Moreover, we illustrate the motivation and verify the validity of the decision-theoretic rough fuzzy set by using a credit card applicant decision-making problem. Furthermore, the interrelationship between the decision-theoretic rough fuzzy set and the probabilistic rough fuzzy set is explained. The main contribution of this paper is twofold. One is to extend the probabilistic rough set to fuzzy environment, i.e., the probabilistic rough fuzzy set model. Another is to present an approach to select parameters needed in probabilistic rough fuzzy set modeling by using the process of decision-making under conditions of risk.

Bingzhen Sun; Weimin Ma; Haiyan Zhao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

R:\DECISION\0060.VBX  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) reviewed both decisions, DOE's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) reviewed both decisions, pursuant to a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) by which NNSA authorized OHA to adjudicate for NNSA whistleblower complaints brought by employees of NNSA contractors under 10 CFR Part 708. Under the MOU, NNSA is responsible for implementing a final decision issued under Part 708. March 28, 2003 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Supplemental Order Name of Petitioner: Robert Burd Date of Filing: March 13, 2003 Case Number: VBX-0060 On November 16, 2001, BWXT Pantex, as successor to Mason & Hanger Corporation (M&H) (collectively referred to as "the contractor"), filed an appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued by an Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Hearing Officer under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee

450

Workshop Helps Empower Tribes to Make Renewable Energy Project Development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Workshop Helps Empower Tribes to Make Renewable Energy Project Workshop Helps Empower Tribes to Make Renewable Energy Project Development Decisions Workshop Helps Empower Tribes to Make Renewable Energy Project Development Decisions July 16, 2013 - 4:52pm Addthis Workshop guest speaker Bill Cornelius of Oneida Seven Generations Corporation discussed the tribal renewable energy project development and finance process in action. Photo by John De La Rosa, NREL Workshop guest speaker Bill Cornelius of Oneida Seven Generations Corporation discussed the tribal renewable energy project development and finance process in action. Photo by John De La Rosa, NREL Workshop guest speaker Rebecca Kauffman outlined the roles Tribes can play in renewable energy projects, as well as lessons learned based on her experience working on projects for the Southern Ute Tribe. Photo by Amy Glickson, NREL

451

Decision Theory under Complex Uncertainty Durham 15 May 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decision Theory under Complex Uncertainty Durham 15 May 2008 Decision Theory under Complex #12;Decision Theory under Complex Uncertainty Durham 15 May 2008 Decision Theory under Complex Robert Hable University of Bayreuth #12;Decision Theory under Complex Uncertainty Decision Theory

Hable, Robert

452

Deputy Secretary Decision Remanding VWA-0005 Decision and Order  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DANIEL HOLSINGER, Complainant DANIEL HOLSINGER, Complainant v. K-RAY SECURITY, INC., Respondent. OHA Case No. LWA-0005, LWA-0009 DECISION REVERSING AND REMANDING INITIAL AGENCY DECISION This is a request for review by K-Ray Security, Inc., from the Initial Agency Decision by the Office of Hearings and Appeals ("OHA"), finding that reinstatement of Mr. Holsinger as a security guard is a necessary and appropriate action to effect full relief for a retaliatory termination made by the previous security contractor, Watkins Security Agency, Inc., ("WSA"). Based upon my review of the regulatory language, the relevant case law, and the entire record, I conclude that OHA's decision is incorrect. Mr. Holsinger filed a complaint with the Office of Contractor Employee Protection ("OCEP") on October 7, 1994. R. 103-106. He

453

Deputy Secretary Decision Reversing LWA-0003 Decision and Order  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MEHTA, Complainant MEHTA, Complainant v. UNIVERSITIES RESEARCH ASSOCIATION, Respondent. OHA Case No.LWA-0003, LWZ-0023 FINAL DECISION AND ORDER This is an appeal by respondent Universities Research Association ("URA"), from the Initial Agency Decision by the Office of Hearings and Appeals ("OHA") finding that the complainant, Dr. Naresh C. Mehta, a scientist formerly employed by URA, had established that his disclosures of mismanagement were a contributing factor in URA's December 16, 1992, decision to terminate his employment. The Initial Agency Decision also reaffirmed OHA's previous denial of URA's motion to dismiss based on lack of jurisdiction under 10 C.F.R. Part 708. 1. On appeal, URA requests reconsideration of its motion to dismiss on jurisdictional grounds. URA contends that applying DOE's

454

Decision Theory Models of Information and Consideration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with states of mind. Theory and Decision, 53:126, 2007a. N.sequential rationality. Theory and Decision, 62 (2):119134,for paired comparison. Theory and Decision, 52(1):2971,

Lleras, Juan Sebastian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Plants making oxygen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plants making oxygen Plants making oxygen Name: Doug Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: How many plants are needed to make enough oxygen for one person for one hour? We are experimenting with Anacharis plants. Replies: The problem can be solved when broken down into smaller questions: 1. How much oxygen does a person need in an hour? 2. How much oxygen does a plant produce in an hour? 3. Based on the above, how many plants will provide the oxygen needs of the person for the hour? Here is the solution to the first question: A resting, healthy adult on an average, cool day breathes in about 53 liters of oxygen per hour. An average, resting, health adult breathes in about 500 mL of air per breath. This is called the normal tidal volume. Now, 150 mL of this air will go to non- functioning areas of the lung, called the "dead space." The average breath rate for this average person is 12 breaths per minute. So, the amount of air breathed in by the person which is available for use is 12 x (500 mL -150 mL) = 4,200 mL/minute. Multiply by 60 to get 252,000 mL/hour. That is, every hour, the person will breathe in 252 L of air. Now, on an average, cool, clear day, only 21% of that air is oxygen. So, 21% of 252 L is 53 L. So, in an hour, the person breathes in about 53 L of oxygen.

456

Human resource practices as engagement driver: an empirical investigation in Indian software development firms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The current study is amongst the first to delineate an empirical relationship between the human resource (HR) practices and employee engagement. Since HR practices are perceived as organisational intention, its influence on engagement, a much desired work attitude assumes great significance in the globalised business environment prevalent today. The study findings point to a positive and significant influence of high compensation and involvement in decision-making in propagating engagement amongst the workforce. However, gender was only found to moderate the relationship between involvement in decision-making and engagement. The study contributes towards enriching the existing literature available on employee engagement as well as on the influence of HR practices on employee work attitudes. Apart from that, it also recommends suitable managerial implications that can guide the information technology firms in India in gaining an engaged workforce.

Surya Prakash Pati; Pankaj Kumar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Event:Blane Harvey co-facilitating a session on use of climate decision  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

co-facilitating a session on use of climate decision co-facilitating a session on use of climate decision making tools with CARE and Tearfund Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Blane Harvey co-facilitating a session on use of climate decision making tools with CARE and Tearfund: 13:00-14:00 on 2011/12/06 Blane Harvey co-facilitating a session on use of climate decision making tools with CARE and Tearfund for the Adaptation Hub Event Details Name Blane Harvey co-facilitating a session on use of climate decision making tools with CARE and Tearfund Date 2011/12/06 Time 13:00-14:00 Location Adaptation Hub area Tags Climate Knowledge Broker Website Event Website Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Event:Blane_Harvey_co-facilitating_a_session_on_use_of_climate_decision_making_tools_with_CARE_and_Tearfund&oldid=391877

458

Statement of Secretary Steven Chu on President Obama's Decision on Stem  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Secretary Steven Chu on President Obama's Decision on of Secretary Steven Chu on President Obama's Decision on Stem Cell Research Statement of Secretary Steven Chu on President Obama's Decision on Stem Cell Research March 9, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - Energy Secretary Steven Chu made the following statement regarding President Obama's decision to allow promising stem cell research to go forward under strict ethical guidelines: "One of the reasons I joined President Obama's cabinet was his commitment to making decisions on the basis of sound science rather than ideology - a commitment he demonstrated again today with his thoughtful, compassionate decision to allow ethical stem cell research to go forward. This research may hold the potential to restore a failing heart, calm the tremors of Parkinson's, free a child from juvenile diabetes or offer treatments to

459

A case study of optimization in the decision process: Siting groundwater monitoring wells  

SciTech Connect

Optimization is one of the tools available to assist decision makers in balancing multiple objectives and concerns. In a case study of the siting decision for groundwater monitoring wells, we look at the influence of the optimization models on the decisions made by the responsible groundwater specialist. This paper presents a multi-objective integer programming model for determining the location of monitoring wells associated with a groundwater pump-and-treat remediation. After presenting the initial optimization results, we analyze the actual decision and revise the model to incorporate elements of the problem that were later identified as important in the decision-making process. The results of a revised model are compared to the actual siting plans, the recommendations from the initial optimization runs, and the initial monitoring network proposed by the decision maker.

Cardwell, H.; Huff, D.; Douthitt, J.; Sale, M.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Part I: Allows you to name another person to make health care decisions for you when you cannot make decisions or speak for yourself.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: (_______) _____________________ Cell Phone: (_______) _____________________ Work Phone: (_______) _____________________ Part I: My: (_______) _____________________ Cell Phone: (_______) _____________________ Birth Date: ____________________________ B. My Agent Agent: (_______) _____________________ Cell Phone: (_______) _____________________ Work Phone: (_______) _____________________ A. No Agent

Tipple, Brett

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

R:\DECISION\0062.VBH  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3, 2002 3, 2002 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Sue Rice Gossett Date of Filing: May 25, 2001 Case Number: VBH-0062 This Initial Agency Decision concerns a whistleblower complaint filed by Sue Rice Gossett (Gossett) against her former employer, the Safety and Ecology Corporation (SEC), under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, which is codified at 10 C.F.R. Part 708. SEC is a sub-contractor of Bechtel Jacobs Corporation (BJC), the DOE's Managing Contractor at the Portsmouth Site in Piketon, Ohio (Portsmouth). In an Interlocutory Decision dated May 8, 2002, I determined that SEC had retaliated against Gossett for engaging in protected activity and that therefore Gossett is entitled to relief. Accordingly,

462

Score Fusion and Decision Fusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Score fusion is a paradigm, which calculates similarity scores ... then combines the two scores according to a fusion formula, e.g., the overall score ... mean of the two modality scores. Decision fusion is a par...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Quantum probability from decision theory?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...128. Cox, R. T. 1946 Probability, frequency, and reasonable...Finetti, B. 1972 Theory of probability, vols I and II. Wiley...1999 Quantum theory of probability and decisions. Proc. R...1972 The foundations of statistics. Dover. Von Neumann, J...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Optimal Decisions: Theory and Practice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rules for optimal decisions using some form of quantitative models have been developed and applied in several disciplines including economics, management science, cybernetic and social systems. Two types of mo...

Prof. Jati K. Sengupta

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

DS-0001 Deputy Secretary Decision  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

RONALD A. SORRI, Complainant v. L&M TECHNOLOGIES INC. AND SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORIES, Respondents. OHA Case No. LWA-0001 FINAL DECISION AND ORDER On December 16, 1993, the Office...

466

Decision-Based Design Framework  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With methods for modeling designer preference and customer preference presented in Chaps. 2 and 3, respectively, the decision-based design (DBD) framework and taxonomy is fully developed in this chapter. DBD i...

Wei Chen; Christopher Hoyle; Henk Jan Wassenaar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Artificial Intelligence Decision and Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Sk+3000,000) EU(decline bet) = U(S k+1000,000) not that different Bottom Line: the utility U of money Intellige Decision: What Door to Open? Artificial Intelligence ­ p.3/26 Bottom Line Clear: decision about preference by a numerical utility function U. For outcomes A, B U(A) > U(B) A B U(A) = U(B) A B Artificial

Polani, Daniel

468

EIS-0183: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Long-Term Regional Dialogue Policy Long-Term Regional Dialogue Policy The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has decided to adopt a policy on the agency's long- term power supply role after fiscal year (FY) 2011. This policy is intended to provide BPA's customers with greater clarity about their Federal power supply so they can effectively plan for the future and, if they choose, make capital investments in long-term electricity infrastructure. This Long-Term Regional Dialogue Policy (Policy), which is the result of a Regional Dialogue process that began in 2002, is described more fully in a separately issued Administrator's Record of Decision (ROD) that addresses the legal and policy rationale supporting the administrative decisions in the Regional Dialogue. DOE/EIS-0183, Bonneville Power Administration, Record of Decision,

469

DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 9, 2007 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal Name of Petitioner: Clint Olson Date of Filing: November 18, 2005 Case Number: TBA-0027 This Decision considers an Appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued on October 27, 2005, involving a Complaint of Retaliation filed by Clint Olson (also referred to as the employee or the complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Olson was an employee of BWXT Pantex (also referred to as BWXT, the firm, or the contractor), the Management and Operating Contractor at the DOE's Pantex Plant in Amarillo, Texas. In his Complaint, Mr. Olson claims that BWXT retaliated against him for making disclosures that are protected under Part 708. In the IAD, an Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Hearing

470

The Role of GIS in Decision Support Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GIS in GIS in Decision Support Systems Jeremy Smith Weather Camera Rail Bridge T k Mile Post Traffic Truck Origin Destination Route Alternatives Roadway Time Pavement Incidents Closures Patterns of Business Behavior Patterns of Business Behavior Data Management Planning & Analysis Field Mobility Operational Awareness Stakeholder Engagement R i l E t i R i l E t i Transform Data Collect, Organize, Get Information Disseminate Get Feedback and Regional Enterprise Regional Enterprise Transform Data Into Actionable Information Collect, Organize, & Exchange Data Get Information Into and Out of the Field Disseminate Information Where and When it is Needed Get Feedback and Make Informed Decisions Decision Support GIS Integration & Workflows GIS Integration & Analysis Framework Regional Data Sources Weather

471

CCUS Demonstrations Making Progress  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9, First Quarter, 2013 9, First Quarter, 2013 www.fossil.energy.gov/news/energytoday.html HigHligHts inside 2 CCUS Demonstrations Making Progress A Column from the Director of Clean Energy Sys- tems, Office of Clean Coal 4 LNG Exports DOE Releases Third Party Study on Impact of Natural Gas Exports 5 Providing Emergency Relief Petroleum Reservers Helps Out with Hurricane Relief Efforts 7 Game-Changing Membranes FE-Funded Project Develops Novel Membranes for CCUS 8 Shale Gas Projects Selected 15 Projects Will Research Technical Challenges of Shale Gas Development A project important to demonstrat- ing the commercial viability of carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) technology has completed the first year of inject-

472

Content of the lecture GDRI AlgoDec Algorithmic Decision Theory Decision aiding Bibliography Algorithmic Decision Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Content of the lecture GDRI AlgoDec Algorithmic Decision Theory Decision aiding Bibliography Algorithmic Decision Theory Raymond Bisdorff Computer Science and Communications RU Faculty of Sciences'2012, Kolkata December 2012 1 / 40 Content of the lecture GDRI AlgoDec Algorithmic Decision Theory

Bisdorff, Raymond

473

Decision-support tools for the assessment process  

SciTech Connect

A new software system is under development that provides a framework to link disparate assessment software and databases for site-specific, regional, or national analyses. This system represents the merger of the Framework for Risk Analysis in Multimedia Environmental Systems (FRAMES), which performs site-specific assessments, and Multi-media, Multi-pathway, Multi-receptor Risk Assessment (3MRA) methodology, which performs regional and national assessments. This Merged System is an icon-driven, site-layout platform, which represents an interactive means by which the user graphically constructs a conceptualization of the problem by visually expressing the assessment, indicating sources of contamination, contaminant travel pathways through the environment, linkages between contamination and people or wildlife, and impacts associated with the contamination. It processes data as part of a systems-based assessment and is an open-architecture, object-oriented framework, which contains ''sockets'' for a collection of databases and computer codes that will transparently simulate elements of transport, exposure, and risk assessment, including contaminant source and release to and through overland soils, vadose and saturated zones, air, surface water, food supply, intake human health impacts, sensitivity/uncertainty, ecological impacts, with the ability to expand into areas including Geographical Information System (GIS), remediation technology, cost analysis, Data Quality Objectives, life-cycle management, and conceptual site design. A user can choose from a list of models, and the assessment path forward can be visually presented, which describes the models and their linkages from source through receptor to the decision-making endpoint.

Whelan, Gene; Pelton, Mitch A.; Dorow, Kevin E.

2004-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

474

EIS-0166: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

166: Record of Decision 166: Record of Decision EIS-0166: Record of Decision Presidential Permit, PP-89, Bangor Hydro-Electric Company Bangor Hydro applied to the DOE for a Presidential permit to construct a new electric transmission facility at the U.S. border with Canada. That action was determined to be ''a major federal action, significantly affecting the quality of the human environment'' within the meaning of NEPA. An EIS was issued on August 18, 1995, that considered the environmental impacts associated with granting or denying the Presidential permit. This ROD determined that allowing construction of the new electric facilities along alternative transmission line corridors and the options for alternative energy supplies discussed in the EIS did not prove preferable to granting the Presidential permit for construction along the

475

EIS-0166: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: Record of Decision 6: Record of Decision EIS-0166: Record of Decision Presidential Permit, PP-89, Bangor Hydro-Electric Company Bangor Hydro applied to the DOE for a Presidential permit to construct a new electric transmission facility at the U.S. border with Canada. That action was determined to be ''a major federal action, significantly affecting the quality of the human environment'' within the meaning of NEPA. An EIS was issued on August 18, 1995, that considered the environmental impacts associated with granting or denying the Presidential permit. This ROD determined that allowing construction of the new electric facilities along alternative transmission line corridors and the options for alternative energy supplies discussed in the EIS did not prove preferable to granting the Presidential permit for construction along the

476

Deputy Secretary Decision Affirming Decision as Modified, January 19, 2000  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Daniel Holsinger, Complainant, v. K-Ray Security, Inc., Respondent OHA Case Nos. VWC-0001 and VWC-0002 Daniel Holsinger, Complainant, v. K-Ray Security, Inc., Respondent OHA Case Nos. VWC-0001 and VWC-0002 DECISION AFFIRMING AGENCY DECISION AS MODIFIED Issued: January 19, 2000 This is a request for review by K-Ray Security, Inc., the current security operations contractor at DOE's Federal Energy Technology Center ("FETC"), of the Decision of the Office of Hearings and Appeals ("OHA") on remand from the Deputy Secretary adhering, after an additional evidentiary hearing and an assessment of the equities, to its earlier finding that reinstatement of Complainant Holsinger as a security guard is a necessary and appropriate action to effect full relief, even though it was the prior security contractor, Watkins Security Agency, Inc., ("WSA") that was found to have committed the act of reprisal

477

DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Interlocutory Decision  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8, 2002 8, 2002 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Interlocutory Decision Name of Petitioner: Sue Rice Gossett Date of Filing: May 25, 2001 Case Number: VBZ-0062 This Initial Agency Decision concerns a whistleblower complaint filed by Sue Rice Gossett (Gossett) against her former employer, the Safety and Ecology Corporation (SEC), under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, which is codified at 10 C.F.R. Part 708. SEC is a sub-contractor of Bechtel Jacobs Corporation (BJC), the DOE's Managing Contractor at the Portsmouth Site in Piketon, Ohio (Portsmouth). Gossett alleges that she engaged in activity protected by Part 708 and, as a result, was retaliated against by SEC. As discussed below, I have determined that Gossett is entitled to

478

Introduction to 'Make' NERSC Tutorial  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

'Make' 'Make' Introduction to 'Make' Introduction The UNIX make utility facilitates the creation and maintenance of executable programs from source code. make keeps track of the commands needed to build the code and when changes are made to a source file, recompiles only the necessary files. make creates and updates programs with a minimum of effort. A small initial investment of time is needed to set up make for a given software project, but afterward, recompiling and linking is done consistently and quickly by typing one command: make, instead of issuing many complicated command lines that invoke the compiler and linker. This tutorial will introduce the simple usage of the make utility with the goal of building an executable program from a series of source code files.

479

Domestic Audiences, Policy Feedback, and Sequential Decisions During Military Interventions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interventions. (December 2009) Douglas Walter Kuberski, B.A., University of Nebraska, M.A., University of Akron Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Nehemia Geva The literature on escalation situations and audience costs suggests that democratic executives... approach and present a model of sequential decision-making that explains the conditions under which leaders escalate and de-escalate commitment in response to feedback. I attempt to break down the audience cost mechanism to explain why democratic...

Kuberski, Douglas Walter

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

480

R:\DECISION\0084.VBH  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, 2003 , 2003 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Steven F. Collier Date of Filing: July 1, 2002 Case Number: VBH-0084 This Decision involves a whistleblower complaint that Steven F. Collier filed under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program. From December 1994 through February 2002, Mr. Collier was employed by Coleman Research Corporation (CRC), a subcontractor of Fluor Fernald, Inc. (FFI), at the DOE's Fernald, Ohio site. Mr. Collier alleges that CRC and FFI management retaliated against him for activity protected under the DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program. I. Background A. The DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program The DOE's Contractor Employee Protection Program was established to safeguard "public and employee

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

R:\DECISION\0082.VBA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Complainant also named the Regents of the University of Complainant also named the Regents of the University of California (UC) in her complaint. UC managed and operated LLNL for the United States government under a contract between the Regents of UC and the DOE. August 21, 2002 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal Name of Petitioner: Janet K. Benson Date of Filing: June 10, 2002 Case Number: VBA-0082 This Decision considers an Appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued on May 22, 2002, involving a Complaint filed by Janet K. Benson (Benson or the Complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In her Complaint, Benson claims that her former employer, Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL or the Laboratory), retaliated against her for engaging in activity

482

R:\DECISION\0086.VBA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5, 2004 5, 2004 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal Name of Petitioner: Elaine M. Blakely Date of Filing: July 9, 2003 Case Number: VBA-0086 This Decision considers an Appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued on June 25, 2003, involving a Complaint filed by Elaine M. Blakely (Blakely or the Complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In her Complaint, Blakely claims that her former employer, DOE contractor Fluor Fernald, Inc. (FFI or the contractor), retaliated against her for engaging in activity that is protected by Part 708. In the IAD, an Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Hearing Officer determined that Blakely engaged in activity that is protected under Part 708,

483

R:\DECISION\0007.TBH  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2003 2003 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Gary S. Vander Boegh Date of Filing: November 20, 2002 Case Number: TBH-0007 This Initial Agency Decision involves a whistleblower complaint filed by Mr. Gary S. Vander Boegh (also referred to as the Complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Mr. Vander Boegh holds the position of Landfill Manager at the C-746-U Landfill for the DOE's Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (the "Paducah Plant") located outside of Paducah, Kentucky. He is an employee of WESKEM, LLC (WESKEM), a subcontractor for Bechtel Jacobs Company, LLC (BJC). BJC is the management and integration (M&I) contractor for the Paducah Plant, and WESKEM

484

How does participation in the framing, review, and incorporation of scientific information affect stakeholder perspectives on resource management decisions?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The conventional environmental impact statement (EIS) decision-making process, governed by the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), represents the prevailing practice with regard to public involvement in science-intensive ...

Peyser, Jennifer Leigh

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Making Sense of Judicial Sensemaking: A Study of Rhetorical Discursive Interaction at the Supreme Court of the United States.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sensemaking as a new model of judicial decision making, and discussing the legal and cultural impact of justices' rhetorical discursive interaction in Morse v. Frederick, Kennedy v. Louisiana, and District of Columbia v. Heller. In contrast to the aggregate...

Malphurs, Ryan Allen

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

486

ADVANCED DECISION ANALYSIS Winter 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ADVANCED DECISION ANALYSIS PH 444 Winter 2011 Course Instructor: Gordon Hazen, Ph.D. Professor a factored cost-effectiveness model · Construct a stochastic tree transition diagram for a medical treatment problem. · Convert a stochastic tree diagram to a discrete-time Markov chain transition diagram

Chisholm, Rex L.

487

Quantum Probability from Decision Theory?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a recent paper (quant-ph/9906015), Deutsch claims to derive the "probabilistic predictions of quantum theory" from the "non-probabilistic axioms of quantum theory" and the "non-probabilistic part of classical decision theory." We show that his derivation fails because it includes hidden probabilistic assumptions.

H. Barnum; C. M. Caves; J. Finkelstein; C. A. Fuchs; R. Schack

1999-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

488

Quantum Probability from Decision Theory?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deutsch has recently (in quant-ph/9906015) offered a justification, based only on the non-probabilistic axioms of quantum theory and of classical decision theory, for the use of the standard quantum probability rules. In this note, this justification is examined.

J. Finkelstein

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Developmental decisions in Dictyostelium discoideum.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Gierer, A., and H. Meinhardt. 1972. A theory of biological pattern formation. Kybernetik...spore cell path- 346 GROSS DEVELOPMENTAL DECISIONS IN D. DISCOIDEUM 347 way of Dictyostelium...A. Gierer. 1974. Applications of a theory of biological pattern formation based...

J D Gross

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Decision Support and Risk Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a restoration model ­ for the repair of a ruptured natural gas pipeline. The nodes represent events (dots sets of steps required to accomplish a goal, such as repairing a ruptured natural gas pipeline, whenDecision Support and Risk Management Restore©: Modeling Interdependent Repair/Restoration Processes

491

Sensitivity analysis techniques for models of human behavior.  

SciTech Connect

Human and social modeling has emerged as an important research area at Sandia National Laboratories due to its potential to improve national defense-related decision-making in the presence of uncertainty. To learn about which sensitivity analysis techniques are most suitable for models of human behavior, different promising methods were applied to an example model, tested, and compared. The example model simulates cognitive, behavioral, and social processes and interactions, and involves substantial nonlinearity, uncertainty, and variability. Results showed that some sensitivity analysis methods create similar results, and can thus be considered redundant. However, other methods, such as global methods that consider interactions between inputs, can generate insight not gained from traditional methods.

Bier, Asmeret Brooke

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Multi-objective Decisions on Capacity Planning and Production?Inventory Control under Uncertainty  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper addresses coordinated capacity and production planning in a changing and uncertainty environment, in which decision makers simultaneously search for both capacity and production decisions to satisfy multiple conflicting goals. ... The multiproduct production and inventory control problem is further complicated because, in addition to deciding target levels for individual products, we also need to decide how to allocate limited capacities among the products. ... (35)?Chankong, V.; Haimes, Y. Y. Multi-objective Decision Making Theory and Methodology; North-Holland Series in System Science and Engineering; North-Holland:? Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1983. ...

Lifei Cheng; Eswaran Subrahmanian; Arthur W. Westerberg

2004-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

493

A successful effort to involve stakeholders in a facility siting decision using LIPS with stakeholder involvement  

SciTech Connect

Local public opposition to federal bureaucratic decisions has resulted in public agencies rethinking the role of stakeholders in decision making. Efforts to include stakeholders directly in the decision-making process are on the increase. Unfortunately, many attempts to involve members of the public in decisions involving complex technical issues have failed. A key problem has been defining a meaningful role for the public in the process of arriving at a technical decision. This paper describes a successful effort by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) in New Mexico to involve stakeholders in an important technical decision associated with its Environmental Restoration (ER) Project. The decision was where to locate a Corrective Action Management Unit (CAMU), a facility intended to consolidate and store wastes generated from the cleanup of hazardous waste sites. A formal priority setting process known as the Laboratory Integration Prioritization System (LIPS) was adapted to provide an approach for involving the public. Although rarely applied to stakeholder participation, the LIPS process proved surprisingly effective. It produced a consensus over a selected site and enhanced public trust and understanding of Project activities.

Merkhofer, L. [Applied Decision Analysis, Inc., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Conway, R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Anderson, B. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

494

Deputy Secretary Decision Affirming VWA-0018 Decision and Order  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thomas T. Tiller v. Wackenhut Services, Inc.; Washington, D.C. Case No. VWA-0018 Thomas T. Tiller v. Wackenhut Services, Inc.; Washington, D.C. Case No. VWA-0018 Final Decision and Order Issued by the Deputy Secretary of Energy Issued February 2, 1999 * The original of this document contains information which is subject to withholding from disclosure under 5 U.S.C. 552. Such material has been deleted from this copy and replaced with XXXXXXX's. This is a request for review by complainant Thomas T. Tiller of an Initial Agency Decision, issued by the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA), denying the two reprisal complaints that he filed pursuant to 10 C.F.R. Part 708, the regulation establishing the DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program. Mr. Tiller was employed by Wackenhut Services, Inc. (Wackenhut), a DOE contractor that provides paramilitary security support services at DOE's Savannah River Site in Aiken, South Carolina.

495

Deputy Secretary Decision Affirming LWA-0010 Decision and Order  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HOWARD W. SPALETTA, Complainant HOWARD W. SPALETTA, Complainant v. EG&G IDAHO, INC., Respondent. OHA Case No. LWA-0010 FINAL DECISION AND ORDER This is an appeal by complainant Howard W. Spaletta from the Initial Agency Decision by the Office of Hearings and Appeals ("OHA") finding that the complainant, an engineer formerly employed by EG&G Idaho, Inc. (EG&G), previously the DOE's management and operating contractor at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), had established by a preponderance of the evidence that he suffered reprisal as a result of his protected safety disclosures, and ordering back pay and other remedial actions. However, OHA declined to grant the complainant certain further relief that he sought, and rejected his claim that his

496

Deputy Secretary Decision Affirming VWA-0008 Decision and Order  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

C. LAWRENCE CORNETT, ) ) Complainant, ) ) v. ) OHA Case No. VWA-0007 ) VWA-0008 MARIA ELENA TORAÑO ASSOCIATES, INC.) ) Respondent. ) FINAL AGENCY DECISION This is a request for review by Maria Elena Torano Associates, Inc. ("META"), a DOE contractor responsible for reviewing and revising the agency's waste management programmatic environmental impact statement ("PEIS"), of the Initial Agency Decision of the Office of Hearings and Appeals ("OHA") finding that Complainant C. Lawrence Cornett established that he had made protected health and safety disclosures under 10 C.F.R. Part 708 and that these disclosures were a contributing factor in his termination and finding further that META had not demonstrated that he would have been terminated absent the disclosures. R.

497

Deputy Secretary Decision Affirming LWA-0005 Decision and Order  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FRANCIS M. O'LAUGHLIN, Complainant FRANCIS M. O'LAUGHLIN, Complainant v. BOEING PETROLEUM SERVICES, INC., Respondent. OHA Case No.LWA-0005 FINAL DECISION AND ORDER This is an appeal by complainant Francis O'Laughlin of the Initial Agency Decision by an Office of Hearings and Appeals ("OHA") Hearing Officer who found, following two days of hearings, that the complainant had not satisfied his burden of establishing by a preponderance of the evidence that he made protected safety disclosures to respondent Boeing Petroleum Services, Inc., a contractor of the Department of Energy's Strategic Petroleum Reserve, as required by 10 C.F.R. Part 708. On appeal, the complainant challenges the Hearing Officer's finding that he had not met his burden of showing that he had made

498

Public involvement in radioactive waste management decisions  

SciTech Connect

Current repository siting efforts focus on Yucca Mountain, Nevada, where DOE`s Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) is conducting exploratory studies to determine if the site is suitable. The state of Nevada has resisted these efforts: it has denied permits, brought suit against DOE, and publicly denounced the federal government`s decision to study Yucca Mountain. The state`s opposition reflects public opinion in Nevada, and has considerably slowed DOE`s progress in studying the site. The Yucca Mountain controversy demonstrates the importance of understanding public attitudes and their potential influence as DOE develops a program to manage radioactive waste. The strength and nature of Nevada`s opposition -- its ability to thwart if not outright derail DOE`s activities -- indicate a need to develop alternative methods for making decisions that affect the public. This report analyzes public participation as a key component of this openness, one that provides a means of garnering acceptance of, or reducing public opposition to, DOE`s radioactive waste management activities, including facility siting and transportation. The first section, Public Perceptions: Attitudes, Trust, and Theory, reviews the risk-perception literature to identify how the public perceives the risks associated with radioactivity. DOE and the Public discusses DOE`s low level of credibility among the general public as the product, in part, of the department`s past actions. This section looks at the three components of the radioactive waste management program -- disposal, storage, and transportation -- and the different ways DOE has approached the problem of public confidence in each case. Midwestern Radioactive Waste Management Histories focuses on selected Midwestern facility-siting and transportation activities involving radioactive materials.

NONE

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Record of Decision (ROD) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Record of Decision (ROD) Record of Decision (ROD) Record of Decision (ROD) A concise public document that records a Federal agency's decision(s) concerning a proposed action for which the agency has prepared an environmental impact statement (See CEQ and DOE NEPA regulations at 40 CFR 1505.2 and 10 CFR 1021.315, respectively). If you have any trouble finding a specific document, please contact AskNEPA@hq.doe.gov for assistance. Documents Available for Download April 12, 1995 EIS-0082: Record of Decision Defense Waste Processing Facility at the Savannah River Site, Aiken, South Carolina February 22, 1995 EIS-0219: Record of Decision Stabilization of Plutonium Solutions Stored in the F- Canyon Facility at the Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC February 22, 1995 EIS-0219: Record of Decision

500

Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions under Policy Uncertainty: A General;1 Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions under Policy Uncertainty: A General Equilibrium Analysis Jennifer Morris* , Mort Webster* and John Reilly* Abstract The electric power sector, which