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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Simulation of human decision making  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for computer emulation of human decision making defines a plurality of concepts related to a domain and a plurality of situations related to the domain, where each situation is a combination of at least two of the concepts. Each concept and situation is represented in the computer as an oscillator output, and each situation and concept oscillator output is distinguishable from all other oscillator outputs. Information is input to the computer representative of detected concepts, and the computer compares the detected concepts with the stored situations to determine if a situation has occurred.

Forsythe, J. Chris (Sandia Park, NM); Speed, Ann E. (Albuquerque, NM); Jordan, Sabina E. (Albuquerque, NM); Xavier, Patrick G. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

2

Weather Forecasting by Humans—Heuristics and Decision Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The decision-making literature contains considerable information about how humans approach tasks involving uncertainty using heuristics. Although there is some reason to believe that weather forecasters are not identical in all respects to the ...

Charles A. Doswell III

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Application of Modern Visualization Techniques to Improve Human Decision Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a research study investigating the application of "modern" visualization technology to improve human situation awareness, problem solving, and decision-making in nuclear power generating stations and associated utility support organizations. The findings, however, should be of value to all electric utility sectors.

2004-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

4

Human Errors as an Invaluable Source for Experienced Decision Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: In this paper the traditional paradigm for learning and training of operators in complex systems is discussed and criticised. There is a strong influence (the doctrine of 'mental logic') coming from research carried out in artificial intelligence. The most well known arguments against the artificial intelligence approach are presented and discussed in relation to expertise, intuition and implicit knowledge. The importance of faults and errors are discussed to describe expertise, and how knowledge about unsuccessful behaviour influences the actual decision making process of experts. 1. Introduction In this paper we will discuss the importance of learning from unsuccessful behaviour. What percentage of unanticipated events (e.g., accidents) is caused by human error? This is a question that vexed researchers for years in the context of human interaction with complex systems. In general, incident surveys in a variety of industries attribute high percentages of critical events to ...

Matthias Rauterberg; Roger Aeppli

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Modeling and analysis of affective influences on human experience, prediction, decision making, and behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Subjective and affective elements are well-known to influence human decision making. This dissertation presents a theoretical and empirical framework on how human decision makers' subjective experience and affective ...

Ahn, Hyungil, 1976-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

The scope of human values and human activities in decision making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decision making was long in need of methods of prioritization but now needs to complete the scope of its structures to become a dependable science that can be helpful on the micro level. Most of the factors that determine the structure of a decision ... Keywords: Alternatives, Criteria, Decision making, Hierarchy, Network, Structure

Thomas L. Saaty; Nina Begicevic

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Geospatial Decision Making System  

The INL has developed a geospatial decision making process to assist agricultural producers in optimizing operating conditions of combine harvesters ...

8

Essays in decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the impact of individual decision making on the functioning of firms and markets. The first chapter examines how deviations from strict rationality by individuals impact the market for consumer goods. ...

Chang, Tom Y., 1976-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Industrial Decision Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Domestic industrial investment has declined due to unfavorable energy prices, and external markets. Investment behavior has changed over the past few years, and will continue due to high labor costs, tight markets and an unstable U.S. economy although, freight costs, favorable exchange rates and high capacity utilization will encourage future industrial investment. Industry will eventually enter a new period of major investment. Future industrial investment will be an opportunity to influence the energy efficiency of these facilities for generations to come. Program managers must begin engaging industrial customers now, in order to exploit this unprecedented opportunity to change future energy use patterns. This paper reviews recent market trends and industrial investment decision-making. The paper will also address several important questions: • Why has industrial investment declined? • What is the outlook for industrial investment? • How can programs engage industry for future opportunities?

Elliott, R. N.; McKinney, V.; Shipley, A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Robust Decision Making  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is funded through the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy and other customers who have direct contracts with the Laboratory. The people, equipment, facilities and other infrastructure at the laboratory require continual investment to maintain and improve the laboratory’s capabilities. With ever tightening federal and customer budgets, the ability to direct investments into the people, equipment, facilities and other infrastructure which are most closely aligned with the laboratory’s mission and customers’ goals grows increasingly more important. The ability to justify those investment decisions based on objective criteria that can withstand political, managerial and technical criticism also becomes increasingly more important. The Systems Engineering tools of decision analysis, risk management and roadmapping, when properly applied to such problems, can provide defensible decisions.

Christopher A. Dieckmann, PE, CSEP-Acq

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Three essays in decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation is composed of three essays about consumer judgment and decision making. In Essay 1, I develop a novel explanation for the well-known endowment effect - the tendency for owners to value goods more than ...

Weaver, Ray, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

A human factors engineering approach to biomedical decision making: A new role for automatic target recognizer technologies  

SciTech Connect

This report identifies the key features noted as requirements in the diagnostic decision-making process of Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) cardiac imaging. The report discusses the critical issues that create the basic system framework for design of an automatic target recognizer (ATR) algorithm prototype to support diagnosis of coronary artery disease. Candidate feature discovery algorithms that may form the basis of future work include Adaptive Resonance Theory and Bayesian Decision Network. A framework for the practitioner-Human-System-Interface would include baseline patient history and demographic data; reference cardiac imagery history; and current overlay imagery to provide complementary information (i.e., coronary angiography, echocardiography, and SPECT images). The goal is to design a prototype that would represent a fused present and historical {open_quotes}whole{close_quotes} functional, structural, and physiologic cardiac patient model. This framework decision-assisting platform would be available to practitioner and student alike, with no {open_quotes}real-world{close_quotes} consequences.

Sobel, A.L.; Stalker, K.T.; Yee, A.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Corn Replant Decision-Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Crappy stands of corn (aka less than desirable) occur somewhere in Indiana every year. The recent spate of cool, rainy days does not bode well for some corn fields planted during the days immediately preceding the onset of the rainy weather. Stands of corn in river bottoms may be destroyed outright by flood waters. Poorly drained soils where ponding has occurred for four or more days are vulnerable to seedling death. Eventual drying of saturated soils often leads to severe crusting that can restrict corn emergence and result in lower than desirable plant populations. Cool, wet soils are also conducive for seedling infection by certain soil-borne diseases. Unacceptable stand establishment in some of these fields may eventually require growers to make decisions about replanting. Deciding to replant a crappy stand of corn should be based on a number of criteria, but unfortunately the major influencing factor is often the emotion associated with looking out the kitchen window at the damaged field every morning or driving by the field every afternoon taking the kids to baseball practice. Make a wise decision about the merits of replanting a damaged field of corn requires more than emotions. In fact, I would rather that emotions be taken out of the equation entirely. Toward that end, I developed a replant decision-making worksheet that assists growers and farm managers in making that important replant decision. The worksheet allows you to determine the damaged field’s current yield potential (if left untouched), its replant yield potential, and the dollar returns (if any) from replanting the field. The worksheet is included in a larger overall publication on corn replanting titled

R. L. (bob Nielsen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Flawed Assumptions, Models and Decision Making: Misconceptions Concerning Human Elements in Complex System  

SciTech Connect

The history of high consequence accidents is rich with events wherein the actions, or inaction, of humans was critical to the sequence of events preceding the accident. Moreover, it has been reported that human error may contribute to 80% of accidents, if not more (dougherty and Fragola, 1988). Within the safety community, this reality is widely recognized and there is a substantially greater awareness of the human contribution to system safety today than has ever existed in the past. Despite these facts, and some measurable reduction in accident rates, when accidents do occur, there is a common lament. No matter how hard we try, we continue to have accidents. Accompanying this lament, there is often bewilderment expressed in statements such as, ''There's no explanation for why he/she did what they did''. It is believed that these statements are a symptom of inadequacies in how they think about humans and their role within technological systems. In particular, while there has never been a greater awareness of human factors, conceptual models of human involvement in engineered systems are often incomplete and in some cases, inaccurate.

FORSYTHE,JAMES C.; WENNER,CAREN A.

1999-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

15

Recognition and decision-making algorithm in human locomotion based on the principles of fuzzy reasoning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors introduce a fuzzy rule-based algorithm to evaluate the activation patterns of muscles of the lower limb with respect to the gait phases during normal human walking. A relational matrix was established as a Cartesian product between the activation ...

T. Sarkodie-Gyan; Huiying Yu; Murad Alaqtash; Eric Spier; Richard Brower

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Visualization to Support Human Decision-Making and Other Activities: Technology Demonstrations and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents results of a research project demonstrating visualization technology and identifying potential applications for the technology in today’s nuclear power generating facilities. The demonstrations provide examples of how visualization technology can enhance the quality of human performance and other activities, resulting in improved nuclear utility operations and performance. The demonstrations also provide an understanding of the capabilities and limitations of visualization technology.

2005-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

17

Emergency Management Decision Making during Severe Weather  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emergency managers make time-sensitive decisions in order to protect the public from threats including severe weather. Simulation and questionnaires were used to capture the decision-making process of emergency managers during severe weather ...

Leigh A. Baumgart; Ellen J. Bass; Brenda Philips; Kevin Kloesel

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Documents: Program Planning and Decision Making  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

documents Program Planning and Decision Making PDF Icon Final Plan for the Conversion of Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride 345 KB details PDF Icon Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride...

19

Making Sustainable Decisions Using the KONVERGENCE Framework  

SciTech Connect

Hundreds of contaminated facilities and sites must be cleaned up. “Cleanup” includes decommissioning, environmental restoration, and waste management. Cleanup can be complex, expensive, risky, and time-consuming. Decisions are often controversial, can stall or be blocked, and are sometimes re-done - some before implementation, some decades later. Making and keeping decisions with long time horizons involves special difficulties and requires new approaches, including: • New ways (mental model) to analyze and visualize the problem, • Awareness of the option to shift strategy or reframe from a single decision to an adaptable network of decisions, and • Improved tactical processes that account for several challenges. These include the following: • Stakeholder values are a more fundamental basis for decision making and keeping than “meeting regulations.” • Late-entry players and future generations will question decisions. • People may resist making “irreversible” decisions. • People need “compelling reasons” to take action in the face of uncertainties. Our project goal is to make cleanup decisions easier to make, implement, keep, and sustain. By sustainability, we mean decisions that work better over the entire time-period—from when a decision is made, through implementation, to its end point. That is, alternatives that can be kept “as is” or adapted as circumstances change. Increased attention to sustainability and adaptability may decrease resistance to making and implementing decisions. Our KONVERGENCE framework addresses these challenges. The framework is based on a mental model that states: where Knowledge, Values, and Resources converge (the K, V, R in KONVERGENCE), you will find a sustainable decision. We define these areas or universes as follows: • Knowledge: what is known about the problem and possible solutions? • Values: what is important to those affected by the decision? • Resources: what is available to implement possible solutions or improve knowledge? This mental model helps analyze and visualize what is happening as decisions are made and kept. Why is there disagreement? Is there movement toward konvergence? Is a past decision drifting out of konvergence? The framework includes strategic improvements, i.e., expand the spectrum of alternatives to include adaptable alternatives and decision networks. It includes tactical process improvements derived from experience, values, and relevant literature. This paper includes diagnosis and medication (suggested path forward) for intractable cases.

Piet, Steven James; Gibson, Patrick Lavern; Joe, Jeffrey Clark; Kerr, Thomas A; Nitschke, Robert Leon; Dakins, Maxine Ellen

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Using arguments for making and explaining decisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Arguments play two different roles in day life decisions, as well as in the discussion of more crucial issues. Namely, they help to select one or several alternatives, or to explain and justify an already adopted choice. This paper proposes the first ... Keywords: Argumentation, Decision making

Leila Amgoud; Henri Prade

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Preferences, Information, and Group Decision Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study will examine how the structure of preferences of group members in a decision-making group, as well as the information they have, affects the collection and the processing of information by individual members of a decision making group. Structure of preferences in this study will represent each individual group members’ preference towards a particular course of action. Using an experimental method of analysis, this study will examine how the preference structure of a group affects what and how much information a group member will analyze before making a decision. I hypothesize that the structure of the group members’ preferences should affect the subjects’ search and process of information. This study aims to answer the following questions; do group preferences affect the search and processing of information? Do group members thoroughly survey the objectives and alternatives in the decision making process?

Espinoza, Alejandro

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Evolution of quantum-like modeling in decision making processes  

SciTech Connect

The application of the mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics to model behavioral patterns in social science and economics is a novel and constantly emerging field. The aim of the so called 'quantum like' models is to model the decision making processes in a macroscopic setting, capturing the particular 'context' in which the decisions are taken. Several subsequent empirical findings proved that when making a decision people tend to violate the axioms of expected utility theory and Savage's Sure Thing principle, thus violating the law of total probability. A quantum probability formula was devised to describe more accurately the decision making processes. A next step in the development of QL-modeling in decision making was the application of Schroedinger equation to describe the evolution of people's mental states. A shortcoming of Schroedinger equation is its inability to capture dynamics of an open system; the brain of the decision maker can be regarded as such, actively interacting with the external environment. Recently the master equation, by which quantum physics describes the process of decoherence as the result of interaction of the mental state with the environmental 'bath', was introduced for modeling the human decision making. The external environment and memory can be referred to as a complex 'context' influencing the final decision outcomes. The master equation can be considered as a pioneering and promising apparatus for modeling the dynamics of decision making in different contexts.

Khrennikova, Polina [School of Management, University of Leicester, University Road Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom)

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

23

Making Sustainable Decisions Using The KONVERGENCE Framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hundreds of contaminated facilities and sites must be cleaned up. ''Cleanup'' includes decommissioning, environmental restoration, and waste management. Cleanup can be complex, expensive, risky, and time-consuming. Decisions are often controversial, can stall or be blocked, and are sometimes re-done--some before implementation, some decades later. Making and keeping decisions with long time horizons involves special difficulties and requires new approaches. Our project goal is to make cleanup decisions easier to make, implement, keep, and sustain. By sustainability, we mean decisions that work better over the entire time-period-from when a decision is made, through implementation, to its end point. That is, alternatives that can be kept ''as is'' or adapted as circumstances change. Increased attention to sustainability and adaptability may decrease resistance to making and implementing decisions. Our KONVERGENCE framework addresses these challenges. The framework is based on a mental model that states: where Knowledge, Values, and Resources converge (the K, V, R in KONVERGENCE), you will find a sustainable decision. We define these areas or universes as follows: (1) Knowledge: what is known about the problem and possible solutions? (2) Values: what is important to those affected by the decision? (3) Resources: what is available to implement possible solutions or improve knowledge? This mental model helps analyze and visualize what is happening as decisions are made and kept. Why is there disagreement? Is there movement toward konvergence? Is a past decision drifting out of konvergence? The framework includes strategic improvements, i.e., expand the spectrum of alternatives to include adaptable alternatives and decision networks. It includes tactical process improvements derived from experience, values, and relevant literature. This paper includes diagnosis and medication (suggested path forward) for intractable cases.

Piet, S. J.; Gibson, P. L.; Joe, J. C.; Kerr, T. A.; Nitschke, R. L.; Dakins, M. E.

2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

24

Executive decision making processes and outcomes : structure and robustness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Uncertainty in the decision making environment complicates the decision making process because future events may change the effect of a particular decision or series of decisions. This thesis explores the possibility of ...

Chacon, Vince

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Naturalistic Decision Making for Power System Operators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivation – Investigations of large-scale outages in the North American interconnected electric system often attribute the causes to three T’s: Trees, Training and Tools. To document and understand the mental processes used by expert operators when making critical decisions, a naturalistic decision making (NDM) model was developed. Transcripts of conversations were analyzed to reveal and assess NDM-based performance criteria. Findings/Design – An item analysis indicated that the operators’ Situation Awareness Levels, mental models, and mental simulations can be mapped at different points in the training scenario. This may identify improved training methods or analytical/ visualization tools. Originality/Value – This study applies for the first time, the concepts of Recognition Primed Decision Making, Situation Awareness Levels and Cognitive Task Analysis to training of electric power system operators. Take away message – The NDM approach provides a viable framework for systematic training management to accelerate learning in simulator-based training scenarios for power system operators and teams.

Greitzer, Frank L.; Podmore, Robin; Robinson, Marck; Ey, Pamela

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

RDCEP: Center for Robust Decision Making on Climate and Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RDCEP: Center for Robust Decision Making on Climate and Energy Policy RDCEP: Center for Robust Decision Making on Climate and Energy Policy The University of Chicago, in...

27

Is conservation triage just smart decision making?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Is conservation triage just smart decision making? Madeleine C. Bottrill1 , Liana N. Joseph1, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia 4 Landcare Research, Private Bag 1930, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand Conservation efforts and emergency medicine face com- parable problems: how to use scarce resources wisely to conserve

Kark, Salit

28

Naturalistic Decision Making For Power System Operators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract: Motivation -- As indicated by the Blackout of 2003, the North American interconnected electric system is vulnerable to cascading outages and widespread blackouts. Investigations of large scale outages often attribute the causes to the three T’s: Trees, Training and Tools. A systematic approach has been developed to document and understand the mental processes that an expert power system operator uses when making critical decisions. The approach has been developed and refined as part of a capability demonstration of a high-fidelity real-time power system simulator under normal and emergency conditions. To examine naturalistic decision making (NDM) processes, transcripts of operator-to-operator conversations are analyzed to reveal and assess NDM-based performance criteria. Findings/Design -- The results of the study indicate that we can map the Situation Awareness Level of the operators at each point in the scenario. We can also identify clearly what mental models and mental simulations are being performed at different points in the scenario. As a result of this research we expect that we can identify improved training methods and improved analytical and visualization tools for power system operators. Originality/Value -- The research applies for the first time, the concepts of Recognition Primed Decision Making, Situation Awareness Levels and Cognitive Task Analysis to training of electric power system operators. Take away message -- The NDM approach provides an ideal framework for systematic training management and mitigation to accelerate learning in team-based training scenarios with high-fidelity power grid simulators.

Greitzer, Frank L.; Podmore, Robin; Robinson, Marck; Ey, Pamela

2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

29

Incorporating environmental justice into environmental decision making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Executive Order 12898, signed on February 11, 1994, broadly states that federal activities, programs, and policies should not produce disproportionately high and adverse impacts on minority and low-income populations. Moreover, the Order indicates that these populations should not be denied the benefits of, or excluded from participation in, these activities, programs, and policies. Because a presidential memorandum accompanying the order said that National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) documents should begin to address environmental justice immediately, much attention has been paid to assessment-related issues. Also important, a topic that appears to have received relatively little attention, is how decision makers should be expected to use information about environmental justice in their decision making. This paper discusses issues surrounding the use of environmental justice information in the decision-making process by focusing on the following five main topics: (1) the importance, or weight, attached to environmental justice within larger decision-making contexts; (2) the potential tension between localized environmental justice issues and regional or national issues and needs; (3) the use of environmental justice information to develop (perhaps in concert with affected minority and low-income communities) appropriate mitigation strategies, or to establish conditions under which activities, programs, and policies may be accepted locally; (4) the general implications of shifting the distribution of broadly defined risks, costs, and benefits among different population groups; and (5) the implications of implementing environmental justice on an individual, ad hoc basis rather than within a larger environmental justice framework. This paper raises the issues and discusses the implications of alternative approaches to them.

Wolfe, A.K.; Vogt, D.P.; Hwang, Ho-Ling [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [and others

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Money Related Decommissioning and Funding Decision Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

'Money makes the world go round', as the song says. It definitely influences decommissioning decision-making and financial assurance for future decommissioning. This paper will address two money-related decommissioning topics. The first is the evaluation of whether to continue or to halt decommissioning activities at Fermi 1. The second is maintaining adequacy of financial assurance for future decommissioning of operating plants. Decommissioning costs considerable money and costs are often higher than originally estimated. If costs increase significantly and decommissioning is not well funded, decommissioning activities may be deferred. Several decommissioning projects have been deferred when decision-makers determined future spending is preferable than current spending, or when costs have risen significantly. Decommissioning activity timing is being reevaluated for the Fermi 1 project. Assumptions for waste cost-escalation significantly impact the decision being made this year on the Fermi 1 decommissioning project. They also have a major impact on the estimated costs for decommissioning currently operating plants. Adequately funding full decommissioning during plant operation will ensure that the users who receive the benefit pay the full price of the nuclear-generated electricity. Funding throughout operation also will better ensure that money is available following shutdown to allow decommissioning to be conducted without need for additional funds.

Goodman, Lynne S. [Detroit Edison Company, 6400 N. Dixie Highway, Newport, Michigan 48162 (United States)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

31

Dynamic Decision-Making in Logic Programming and Game Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a framework for decision making with circumstance-dependent preferences and decisions. This formalism, called Ordered Choice Logic Programming, allows decisions that comprise multiple alternatives, which become available only when a choice ...

Marina De Vos; Dirk Vermeir

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

A decision making framework for cruise ship design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops a new decision making framework for initial cruise ship design. Through review of effectiveness analysis and multi-criteria decision making, a uniform philosophy is created to articulate a framework ...

Katsoufis, George P. (George Paraskevas)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Essays on household decision making in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation contains three essays on household decision making in the areas of education and health in developing countries. The first chapter explores intra-household decision making in the context of conditional ...

Berry, James W. (James Wesley)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Computer science students' experiences of decision making in project groups  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a study intended to understand the ways in which students experience the process of decision-making in computer science student projects. It also investigates the ways the student team works to make decisions. The empirical setting ...

Mattias Wiggberg

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Framing bioremediation decision making as negotiation: Rationale & guidelineFraming bioremediation decision making as negotiation: Rationale & guidelines  

SciTech Connect

Framing remediation decision making as negotiation: (1) social choice, not technology choice; (2) prompts decision makers to identify interested and affected parties, anticipate objections, effectively address and ameliorate objections, and avoid unacceptable decisions.

Bjornstad, David J.; Wolfe, Amy K.

2004-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

36

Group decision making under uncertainty Type="Italic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

JEAN LAINI~., MICHEL LE BRETON AND ALAIN TRANNOY. GROUP DECISION MAKING UNDER UNCERTAINTY. A NOTE ON THE AGGREGA TION.

37

Making Life and Death Decisions in Conditions of Uncertainty ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Making Life and Death Decisions in Conditions of Uncertainty THE 2008 RUSSIAN-GEORGIAN WAR. Andrei Illarionov ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

38

Life-Cycle Decision Making: Volume 1: Getting Started  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Life-Cycle Decision Making (LCDM) 2.0 is a suite of integrated tools for making a wide range of decisions based on life-cycle costs and revenues. LCDM puts powerful methods and tools at the fingertips of employees, empowering them to quickly make better day-to-day business decisions based on the true costs and benefits to the company.

1998-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

39

Open Business Intelligence for Better Decision-Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decision-making is a crucial, yet challenging task in enterprise management. In many organizations, decisions are still made based on experience and intuition rather than on facts and rigorous approaches. This is often due to lack of data, unknown relationships ... Keywords: Business Intelligence, Decision-Making, Online Analytical Processing, Open Business Intelligence Systems, Open Source

Jorge Bernardino

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

DOE Secretarial Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through the Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through the Integration of Program and Project Management with National Environmental Policy Act Compliance DOE Secretarial Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through the Integration of Program and Project Management with National Environmental Policy Act Compliance Declaring that "Compliance with [NEPA] is a pre-requisite to successful implementation of DOE programs and projects," the Secretary has signed a memorandum on "Improved Decision Making through the Integration of Program and Project Management with National Environmental Policy Act Compliance." The memo urges better use of existing tools and guidance, and highlights principles for strengthening NEPA compliance - for example, through Field

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Electric System Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Analysis Prepared for Western Interstate Energy Board Committee on Regional Electric Power Cooperation Electric System Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary...

42

Decentralized Decision-making and Protocol Design for Recycled ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 14, 2006 ... Optimization Online. Decentralized Decision-making and Protocol Design for Recycled Material Flows. I-Hsuan Hong (ihong ***at*** ...

43

EM Risk and Cleanup Decision Making Presentation by Mark Gilbertson...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AND CLEANUP DECISION MAKING www.em.doe.gov 1 Mark Gilbertson Deputy Assistant Secretary for Site Restoration Office of Environmental Management May 31, 2012 Presented to...

44

Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making:...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making: A Guidance and Resource Document Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Applying Climate Information for...

45

Energy-Relevant Decision-Making in Office Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

presentation is about the decision-making that underlies changes in the operation and stock of technical infrastructure in office buildings. The findings are based on a...

46

DOE Secretarial Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through the Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through the Integration of Program and Project Management with National Environmental Policy Act Compliance DOE Secretarial Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through the Integration of Program and Project Management with National Environmental Policy Act Compliance Declaring that "Compliance with [NEPA] is a pre-requisite to successful implementation of DOE programs and projects," the Secretary has signed a memorandum on "Improved Decision Making through the Integration of Program and Project Management with National Environmental Policy Act Compliance." The memo urges better use of existing tools and guidance, and highlights principles for strengthening NEPA compliance - for example, through Field

47

Total cost model for making sourcing decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops a total cost model based on the work done during a six month internship with ABB. In order to help ABB better focus on low cost country sourcing, a total cost model was developed for sourcing decisions. ...

Morita, Mark, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Multiattribute Decision Making by Sequential Resource Allocation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, California (Received November 1978;accepted July 1979) A new approach is proposed for addressing decision by inspection. Our experience indicates that these resource allocation tasks are considerably simpler and more

Oren, Shmuel S.

49

Impacts of Personality on Herding in Financial Decision-Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are doing, e.g. when making fertility choices, in voting, and in financial decision- making. Herding will be the outcome of a rational but potentially misguided information gathering 4 4 process. Banerjee gives the example of restaurant choice adapted...

Baddeley, Michelle; Burke, C; Schultz, Wolfram; Tobler, T

50

Online decision making and automatic decision model adaptation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper investigates an online version of the vehicle routing problem with time windows, in which additionally arriving requests cause the revision of so far followed routes and schedules. An extended online optimization framework is proposed, which ... Keywords: Adaptation, Dynamic decision problem, Online optimization, Supply chain, Transportation, Vehicle routing

Jörn Schönberger; Herbert Kopfer

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Building Design Advisor: An Integrated Decision-Making Environment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building Design Advisor: An Integrated Decision-Making Environment Building Design Advisor: An Integrated Decision-Making Environment Speaker(s): Vineeta Pal Date: July 26, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Satkartar K. Kinney To make informed decisions about the design, construction and operation of a building, it is necessary to predict and evaluate the impact of these decisions on the performance of the building. Each of these decisions impacts the performance of the building in a number of different and inter-related ways. Therefore, a computational environment that seeks to support this decision-making process needs to enable the prediction and evaluation of different aspects of building performance. Several stand-alone computer tools are currently available, each of which addresses a particular aspect of the building performance. The Building Design

52

APPLICATION OF PROBABILISTIC FORECASTS: DECISION MAKING WITH FORECAST UNCERTAINTY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 APPLICATION OF PROBABILISTIC FORECASTS: DECISION MAKING WITH FORECAST UNCERTAINTY Rick Katz.isse.ucar.edu/HP_rick/dmuu.pdf #12;2 QUOTES ON USE OF PROBABILITY FORECASTS · Lao Tzu (Chinese Philosopher) "He who knows does and Value of Probability Forecasts (4) Cost-Loss Decision-Making Model (5) Simulation Example (6) Economic

Katz, Richard

53

Affective-Cognitive learning and decision making: a motivational reward framework for affective agents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a new computational framework of affective-cognitive learning and decision making for affective agents, inspired by human learning and recent neuroscience and psychology. In the proposed framework ‘internal reward from ...

Hyungil Ahn; Rosalind W. Picard

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Challenging Times for Making Refinery Capacity Decisions  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This presentation was given at the National Petrochemical and Refiners Association's annual meeting in March 2004. The presentation covers a wide range of refining issues from near term to long term, and focuses on refining capacity and factors affecting decisions to alter that capacity.

Information Center

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Electric System Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary Analysis Prepared for Western Interstate Energy Board Committee on Regional Electric Power Cooperation Electric System Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary Analysis Prepared for Western Interstate Energy Board Committee on Regional Electric Power Cooperation The nation's electricity system is regional in nature, because of the operation of the interconnected grids and the markets defined by them. Over the years, many regional organizations of utilities and governments have formed to manage and oversee these markets. Electric System Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary Analysis Prepared for Western Interstate Energy Board Committee on Regional Electric Power Cooperation More Documents & Publications

56

Building Design Advisor: An Integrated Decision-Making Environment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building Design Advisor: An Integrated Decision-Making Environment Speaker(s): Vineeta Pal Date: July 26, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Satkartar...

57

Reducing CO2 Emissions: Technology, Uncertainty, Decision Making...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reducing CO2 Emissions: Technology, Uncertainty, Decision Making and Consumer Behavior Speaker(s): Ins Magarida Lima de Azevedo Date: October 31, 2012 - 4:00pm Location: 90-3122...

58

Use of Weather Information for Agricultural Decision Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study uses data from a special subsample of the National Agricultural, Food, and Public Policy Preference Survey to assess use of weather data for agricultural decision making. Responses from 284 Arizona farmers and ranchers were used to ...

George B. Frisvold; Anand Murugesan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Memory and Decision Making: Determining Action when the Sirens Sound  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Memories, both semantic, or learned knowledge, and episodic, or personal experiences, play an important role in an individual’s decision making under risk. In addition, varying levels of knowledge and experience exist in each individual. These ...

Robert Drost

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Decision Making by Austin, Texas, Residents in Hypothetical Tornado Scenarios  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the goals of the Warning Project is to understand how people receive warnings of hazardous weather and subsequently use this information to make decisions. As part of the project, 519 surveys from Austin, Texas, floodplain residents were ...

David M. Schultz; Eve C. Gruntfest; Mary H. Hayden; Charles C. Benight; Sheldon Drobot; Lindsey R. Barnes

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Decision-making models for reproducing intelligence in transportation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Decision-making models for reproducing intelligence in transportation January 01, 2013 It could be the start of a good riddle: How many syn-apses of the brain does it take to...

62

Guidance Tools for Use in Nuclear Material Management Decisions Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the results of Recommendation 14 of the Integrated Nuclear Materials Management Plan (INMMP) which was the product of a management initiative at the highest levels of the Department of Energy responding to a congressional directive to accelerate the work of achieving integration and cutting long-term costs associated with the management of nuclear materials, with the principal focus on excess materials. The INMMP provided direction to ''Develop policy-level decision support tools to support long-term planning and decision making.'' To accomplish this goal a team from the Savannah River Site, Sandia National Laboratories, Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL), and the U.S. Department of Energy experienced in the decision-making process developed a Guidebook to Decision-Making Methods. The goal of the team organized to implement Recommendation 14 was to instill transparency, consistency, rigor, and discipline in the DOE decision process. The guidebook introduces a process and a selection of proven methods for disciplined decision-making so that the results are clearer, more transparent, and easier for reviewers to understand and accept. It was written to set a standard for a consistent decision process.

Johnson, G. V.; Baker, D. J.; Sorenson, K. B.; Boeke, S. G.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

63

Risk perception & strategic decision making :general insights, a framework, and specific application to electricity generation using nuclear energy.  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this report is to promote increased understanding of decision making processes and hopefully to enable improved decision making regarding high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological systems. This report brings together insights regarding risk perception and decision making across domains ranging from nuclear power technology safety, cognitive psychology, economics, science education, public policy, and neural science (to name a few). It forms them into a unique, coherent, concise framework, and list of strategies to aid in decision making. It is suggested that all decision makers, whether ordinary citizens, academics, or political leaders, ought to cultivate their abilities to separate the wheat from the chaff in these types of decision making instances. The wheat includes proper data sources and helpful human decision making heuristics; these should be sought. The chaff includes ''unhelpful biases'' that hinder proper interpretation of available data and lead people unwittingly toward inappropriate decision making ''strategies''; obviously, these should be avoided. It is further proposed that successfully accomplishing the wheat vs. chaff separation is very difficult, yet tenable. This report hopes to expose and facilitate navigation away from decision-making traps which often ensnare the unwary. Furthermore, it is emphasized that one's personal decision making biases can be examined, and tools can be provided allowing better means to generate, evaluate, and select among decision options. Many examples in this report are tailored to the energy domain (esp. nuclear power for electricity generation). The decision making framework and approach presented here are applicable to any high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological system.

Brewer, Jeffrey D.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Training for Crisis Decision-Making: Psychological Issues and Computer-Based Solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Crises demand swift and effective decision-making; yet there are many problems in training personnel on the skills necessary to achieve the goals of crisis management. This paper has three objectives concerning training for crisis management. First we ... Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Computer-Based Training, Crisis Management, Human Resource Management, Human-Computer Interaction, Ship Damage Control

Janet A. Sniezek; David C. Wilkins; Patrick L. Wadlington; Michael R. Baumann

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

EM Risk and Cleanup Decision Making Presentation by Mark Gilbertson  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AND CLEANUP DECISION MAKING AND CLEANUP DECISION MAKING www.em.doe.gov 1 Mark Gilbertson Deputy Assistant Secretary for Site Restoration Office of Environmental Management May 31, 2012 Presented to Environmental Management Advisory Board Topics * How we got to where we are * Existing environment and health risk www.em.doe.gov 2 * Existing environment and health risk analysis to support decision-making * Considerations going forward The Past Five Years * FY2008 budget assumed ~$6 billion escalated for inflation over the following four years * Re-baselined the program and in some cases renegotiated milestones and contracts to align with the budget profile * Milestones were negotiated in good faith (~40 agreements/~200 major milestones/year) * Recognition that approximately 50% of the EM budget is "min safe"

66

Risk Analysis and Decision Making FY 2013 Milestone Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Risk analysis and decision making is one of the critical objectives of CCSI, which seeks to use information from science-based models with quantified uncertainty to inform decision makers who are making large capital investments. The goal of this task is to develop tools and capabilities to facilitate the development of risk models tailored for carbon capture technologies, quantify the uncertainty of model predictions, and estimate the technical and financial risks associated with the system. This effort aims to reduce costs by identifying smarter demonstrations, which could accelerate development and deployment of the technology by several years.

Engel, David W.; Dalton, Angela C.; Dale, Crystal; Jones, Edward; Thompson, J.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Uncovering land-use dynamics driven by human decision-making - A combined model approach using cellular automata and system dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces an enhancement of a cellular automata (CA) model by integrating system dynamics (SD) to incorporate household dynamics and housing decisions as driving forces of residential development. CA macro-models used to simulate the quantitative ... Keywords: Berlin, Cellular automata, Residential choice, Shrinkage, System dynamics, Urban land use modeling

S. Lauf; D. Haase; P. Hostert; T. Lakes; B. Kleinschmit

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Can reduced processing decision support interfaces improve the decision-making of less-experienced incident commanders?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computer-based decision support systems have been proposed as a tool to improve the decision-making of less-experienced personnel by reducing the information processing demands necessary for decision-making. This study investigated the utility of three ... Keywords: Cognitive load, Decision-making, Experience, Expertise, Fire-fighting, Incident command

Nathan C. Perry; Mark W. Wiggins; Merilyn Childs; Gerard Fogarty

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Annotating data to support decision-making: a case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Georeferenced data are a key factor in many decision-making systems. However, their interpretation is user and context dependent so that, for each situation, data analysts have to interpret them, a time-consuming task. One approach to alleviate this ... Keywords: geospatial data, geospatial standards, remote sensing image classification, semantic annotation

Carla Geovana N. Macário; Jefersson A. dos Santos; Claudia Bauzer Medeiros; Ricardo da S. Torres

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

A formal approach to technical debt decision making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The notion of technical debt attracts significant attention, especially in the context of reconciling architecture and agile development. However, most work on technical debt is still largely informal and if it provides a formalization it is often ad-hoc. ... Keywords: Cost Estimation, Decision Making, Formal Model, Incremental Development, Software Systems, Technical Debt

Klaus Schmid

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Criteria for evaluating group decision-making methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper brings many criteria and many methods under one umbrella and compares them. The schematization given here is a good start and may eventually be improved upon in subsequent revisions by extending the criteria used and by further debating the ... Keywords: Evaluation, Group decision making methods, MCDM

Kirti Peniwati

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Human Performance Optimization: Emerging Management Issues and Artificial Intelligence Methods: Volume 4: Supporting Group Decision Making and Team Operations with Artificial Intelligence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Human performance optimization is critical to all aspects of the energy enterprise. This four-volume report presents findings from a review of the human performance challenges and opportunities created by the changing nature of the energy industry, its workforce, and its work environments.

2001-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

73

Making the Optimal Decision in Selecting Protective Clothing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Protective Clothing plays a major role in the decommissioning and operation of nuclear facilities. Literally thousands of dress-outs occur over the life of a decommissioning project and during outages at operational plants. In order to make the optimal decision on which type of protective clothing is best suited for the decommissioning or maintenance and repair work on radioactive systems, a number of interrelating factors must be considered. This article discusses these factors as well as surveys of plants regarding their level of usage of single use protective clothing and should help individuals making decisions about protective clothing as it applies to their application. Individuals considering using SUPC should not jump to conclusions. The survey conducted clearly indicates that plants have different drivers. An evaluation should be performed to understand the facility's true drivers for selecting clothing. It is recommended that an interdisciplinary team be formed including representatives from budgets and cost, safety, radwaste, health physics, and key user groups to perform the analysis. The right questions need to be asked and answered by the company providing the clothing to formulate a proper perspective and conclusion. The conclusions and recommendations need to be shared with senior management so that the drivers, expected results, and associated costs are understood and endorsed. In the end, the individual making the recommendation should ask himself/herself: 'Is my decision emotional, or logical and economical?' 'Have I reached the optimal decision for my plant?'.

Price, J. Mark [Southern California Edison, P.O. Box 128, San Clemente, CA 92674 (United States)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

74

Bounded rationality and satisficing in young people's Web-based decision making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigated Simon's behavioral decision-making theories of bounded rationality and satisficing in relation to young people's decision making in the World Wide Web, and considered the role of personal preferences in Web-based decisions. It ...

Denise E. Agosto

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

The motion control of a mobile robot using multiobjective decision making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the use of fuzzy logic based decision-making of autonomous robots in unstructured environments. We will introduce fuzzy multiobjective decision making within the context of the motion control of mobile robots. This process ... Keywords: autonomous mobile robots, decision-making, fuzzy logic, multiobjective decision making

Earl B. Smith

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Distributed Intelligent Agents for Decision Making at Local Distributed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Distributed Intelligent Agents for Decision Making at Local Distributed Distributed Intelligent Agents for Decision Making at Local Distributed Energy Resource (DER) Levels Speaker(s): David Cohen Date: June 3, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Peng Xu Our goals are to develop and commercialize a system of adaptive, intelligent software components which run at distributed locations (DER-level) on the energy network to improve the reliability, efficiency, and security of the U.S. electrical distribution network. We are developing GridAgents, an enabling software technology framework and platform using a distributed multi-agent systems approach for advanced communications and control capabilities (large- scale automated demand response, distribution automation control, and Microgrid control applications). For more

77

Discussions on applied mathematics in decision-making modeling with decision support systems and knowledge based systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper tries to discuss some findings in mathematical decision-making modeling models with applications in business processes. We start by presenting some technological implications and implementations of decision-making models. After this we discuss ... Keywords: DSS, KBS, OWL, decision-making, inference engine, ontology

Sabina-Cristiana Necula

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

The Multifamily Market: Size, Characteristics, and Decision Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As of 1996, the multi-family housing segment comprised 27 million units of the 99 million housing units in the United States and used 192 TWhs, approximately 18 percent of total residential electricity consumption. The segment's energy expenditures totaled $26 billion. This large and growing market segment presents many opportunities for energy providers, especially in the large-scale apartment subsegment where relatively few players make or influence decisions for large groups of properties and resident...

1999-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

79

Sustainable Transportation Decision-Making: Spatial Decision Support Systems (SDSS) and Total Cost Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Building a new infrastructure facility requires a significant amount of time and expense. This is particularly true for investments in transportation for their longstanding and great degree of impact on society. The scope of time and money involved does not mean, however, we only focus on the economies of scale and may ignore other aspects of the built environment. To this extent, how can we achieve a more balanced perspective in infrastructure decision-making? In addition, what aspects should be considered when making more sustainable decisions about transportation investments? These two questions are the foundations of this study. This dissertation shares its process in part with a previous research project – Texas Urban Triangle (TUT). Although the TUT research generated diverse variables and created possible implementations of spatial decision support system (SDSS), the methodology still demands improvement. The current method has been developed to create suitable routes but is not designed to rank or make comparisons. This is admittedly one of the biggest shortfalls in the general SDSS approach, but is also where I see as an opportunity to make alternative interpretation more comprehensive and effective. The main purpose of this dissertation is to develop a Spatial Decision Support System (SDSS) that will lead to more balanced decision-making in transportation investment and optimize the most sustainable high-speed rail (HSR) route. The decision support system developed here explicitly elaborates the advantages and disadvantages of a transportation corridor in three particular perspectives: construction (fixed costs); operation (maintenance costs); and externalities (social and environmental costs), with a specific focus on environmental externalities. Considering more environmental features in rail routing will offset short-term economic losses and creates more sustainable environments in long-term infrastructure planning.

Kim, Hwan Yong

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Supporting decision making process with "ideal" software agents - What do business executives want?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

According to Simon's (1977) decision making theory, intelligence is the first and most important phase in the decision making process. With the escalation of information resources available to business executives, it is becoming imperative to explore ... Keywords: Business executives, Decision making process, Decision support systems, Design criteria, Intelligent software agents, Intelligent system evaluation

Yanqing Duan; Vincent Koon Ong; Mark Xu; Brian Mathews

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Dynamic Decision Making for Graphical Models Applied to Oil Exploration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a framework for sequential decision making in problems described by graphical models. The setting is given by dependent discrete random variables with associated costs or revenues. In our examples, the dependent variables are the potential outcomes (oil, gas or dry) when drilling a petroleum well. The goal is to develop an optimal selection strategy that incorporates a chosen utility function within an approximated dynamic programming scheme. We propose and compare different approximations, from simple heuristics to more complex iterative schemes, and we discuss their computational properties. We apply our strategies to oil exploration over multiple prospects modeled by a directed acyclic graph, and to a reservoir drilling decision problem modeled by a Markov random field. The results show that the suggested strategies clearly improve the simpler intuitive constructions, and this is useful when selecting exploration policies.

Martinelli, Gabriele; Hauge, Ragnar

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Cognitive skill training for nuclear power plant operational decision making  

SciTech Connect

Training for operator and other technical positions in the commercial nuclear power industry traditionally has focused on mastery of the formal procedures used to control plant systems and processes. However, decisionmaking tasks required of nuclear power plant operators involve cognitive skills (e.g., situation assessment, planning). Cognitive skills are needed in situations where formal procedures may not exist or may not be as prescriptive, as is the case in severe accident management (SAM). The Westinghouse research team investigated the potential cognitive demands of SAM on the control room operators and Technical Support Center staff who would be most involved in the selection and execution of severe accident control actions. A model of decision making, organized around six general cognitive processes, was developed to identify the types of cognitive skills that may be needed for effective performance. Also, twelve SAM scenarios were developed to reveal specific decision-making difficulties. Following the identification of relevant cognitive skills, 19 approaches for training individual and team cognitive skills were identified. A review of these approaches resulted in the identification of general characteristics that are important in effective training of cognitive skills.

Mumaw, R.J.; Swatzler, D.; Roth, E.M. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Thomas, W.A. [Quantum Technologies, Inc., Oak Brook, IL (United States)

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Decision-Making Support System Effectiveness: the Process to Outcome Link  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many information systems are available to directly support decision-making.ï¾ ï¾ The various frameworks have engendered a variety of models to evaluate system effectiveness.ï¾ ï¾ Disparate results have been reported from the use of these models, and ... Keywords: DSS Effectiveness, Decision Support Systems, Decision Theory, Multiple Criteria Decision Making

Guisseppi A. Forgionne

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

The psychophysiology of risk processing and decision making at a regional stock exchange  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A longstanding controversy in philosophy is whether decision-making is governed by reason or emotion. I study the role of physiological responses in the decision-making process within the realm of financial markets, where ...

Perry, John Christian, 1971-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Evaluating decision making performance in the GDSS environment using data envelopment analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We provide a framework to evaluate decision making performance with Group Decision Support Systems (GDSSs) using an overall performance indicator. The indicator is constructed using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), which measures the economic efficiency ... Keywords: Data envelopment analysis, Decision efficiency, Group decision support system, Group decisions, Incentive

Reza Barkhi; Yi-Ching Kao

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Technology-Based Tools That Facilitate Data-Driven Decision Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe how technology-based tools support data-driven decision making in US schools. We examine how three different applications used in six different school districts either impede or facilitate decision making by educators across ... Keywords: Data-Driven Decision Making, Technology Applications, Theoretical Model

Ellen B. Mandinach; Margaret Honey; Daniel Light; Juliette Heinze; Luz Rivas

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

FTA-Characteristics of Bus Rapid Transit for Decision-Making | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FTA-Characteristics of Bus Rapid Transit for Decision-Making FTA-Characteristics of Bus Rapid Transit for Decision-Making Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: FTA-Characteristics of Bus Rapid Transit for Decision-Making Agency/Company /Organization: Federal Transit Administration, United States Department of Transportation Focus Area: Transportation Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual User Interface: Other Website: www.nbrti.org/docs/pdf/Characteristics_BRT_Decision-Making.pdf Cost: Free Language: English FTA-Characteristics of Bus Rapid Transit for Decision-Making Screenshot References: FTA-Characteristics of Bus Rapid Transit for Decision-Making[1] "The Characteristics of Bus Rapid Transit for Decision-Making (CBRT) report was prepared to provide transportation planners and decision makers with

88

Risk-Quantified Decision-Making at Rocky Flats  

SciTech Connect

Surface soils in the 903 Pad Lip Area of the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) were contaminated with {sup 239/240}Pu by site operations. To meet remediation goals, accurate definition of areas where {sup 239/240}Pu activity exceeded the threshold level of 50 pCi/g and those below 50- pCi/g needed definition. In addition, the confidence for remedial decisions needed to be quantified and displayed visually. Remedial objectives needed to achieve a 90 percent certainty that unremediated soils had less than a 10 percent chance of {sup 239/240}Pu activity exceeding 50-pCi/g. Removing areas where the chance of exceedance is greater than 10 percent creates a 90 percent confidence in the remedial effort results. To achieve the stipulated goals, the geostatistical approach of probability kriging (Myers 1997) was implemented. Lessons learnt: Geostatistical techniques provided a risk-quantified approach to remedial decision-making and provided visualizations of the excavation area. Error analysis demonstrated compliance and confirmed that more than sufficient soils were removed. Error analysis also illustrated that any soils above the threshold that were not removed would be of nominal activity. These quantitative approaches were useful from a regulatory, engineering, and stakeholder satisfaction perspective.

Myers, Jeffrey C. [Washington Safety Management Solutions, Aiken, South Carolina (United States)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

89

Designing an intelligent decision support system for human-centered utility management automation part 1: structures, problem formulation, solution methodology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a Decision Support System (DSS) to aid the electric utility management automation system. A brief history of DSS application in power systems is presented. The importance and role of DSS and decision making in utility management automation ... Keywords: computational intelligence, decision making, decision support, human-centered systems, neural networks, power distribution system, state estimation, systems design, utility management automation

Alireza Fereidunian; Caro Lucas; Hamid Lesani; Mansooreh Zangiabadi

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Human gene sequencing makes advances  

SciTech Connect

The Human Genome Project is a federal project that is on the scale of the Manhattan Project of the 1940s. The focus of this project is to map and sequence the 100,000 plus genes and 3 billion base pairs that comprise the human genome. This effort has made two recent advances. First, two of the major companies involved in this project formed a strategic alliance that will pump up to 125 million dollars into this project. Second, researchers at Argonne National Lab. have tested a new sequencing technique that could identify 100 million base pairs a day when fully implemented.

Alper, J.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Public Discourse in Energy Policy Decision-Making: Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The ground is littered with projects that failed because of strong public opposition, including natural gas and coal power plants proposed in Idaho over the past several years. This joint project , of the Idaho National Laboratory, Boise State University, Idaho State University and University of Idaho has aimed to add to the tool box to reduce project risk through encouraging the public to engage in more critical thought and be more actively involved in public or social issues. Early in a project, project managers and decision-makers can talk with no one, pro and con stakeholder groups, or members of the public. Experience has shown that talking with no one outside of the project incurs high risk because opposition stakeholders have many means to stop most (if not all) energy projects. Talking with organized stakeholder groups provides some risk reduction from mutual learning, but organized groups tend not to change positions except under conditions of a negotiated settlement. Achieving a negotiated settlement may be impossible. Furthermore, opposition often arises outside pre-existing groups. Standard public polling provides some information but does not reveal underlying motivations, intensity of attitudes, etc. Improved methods are needed that probe deeper into stakeholder (organized groups and members of the public) values and beliefs/heuristics to increase the potential for change of opinions and/or out-of-box solutions. The term “heuristics” refers to the mental short-cuts, underlying beliefs, and paradigms that everyone uses to filter and interpret information, to interpret what is around us, and to guide our actions and decisions. This document is the final report of a 3-year effort to test different public discourse methods in the subject area of energy policy decision-making. We analyzed 504 mail-in surveys and 80 participants in groups on the Boise State University campus for their preference, financial support, and evaluations of eight attributes for energy conservation and efficiency, fossil fuels, nuclear energy, hydropower, and renewable energy. All participants saw a 7-person diverse energy expert panel. Some participants attended deliberation sessions; some received a 35-page briefing document that included pros and cons of the different energy options.

Idaho Citizen; Eileen DeShazo; John Freemuth; Tina Giannini; Troy Hall; Ann Hunter; Jeffrey C. Joe; Michael Louis; Carole Nemnich; Jennie Newman; Steven J. Piet; Stephen Sorensen; Paulina Starkey; Kendelle Vogt; Patrick Wilson

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Including model uncertainty in risk-informed decision-making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model uncertainties can have a significant impact on decisions regarding licensing basis changes. We present a methodology to identify basic events in the risk assessment that have the potential to change the decision and ...

Reinert, Joshua M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Setting priorities for data accuracy improvements in satisficing decision-making scenarios: A guiding theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study introduces a mathematical-statistical theory that illustrates the effect of input errors on the accuracy of dichotomous decisions which are implemented through logical conjunction and disjunction of selected criteria. Decision-making instances ... Keywords: Data quality management, Information accuracy, Mathematical-statistical model, Multi-criteria decisions, Resource allocation, Satisficing decisions

Irit Askira Gelman

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Get in touch: cooperative decision making based on robot-to-robot collisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We demonstrate the ability of a swarm of autonomous micro-robots to perform collective decision making in a dynamic environment. This decision making is an emergent property of decentralized self-organization, which results from executing a very simple ... Keywords: Collective decision, Heterogeneous environment, Honey bees, Swarm intelligence, Swarm robotics

Thomas Schmickl; Ronald Thenius; Christoph Moeslinger; Gerald Radspieler; Serge Kernbach; Marc Szymanski; Karl Crailsheim

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Sensitivity of multi-criteria decision making to linguistic quantifiers and aggregation means  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developments in Multi-Criteria (MCDM) and Multi-Expert decision-making allow for using linguistic quantifiers such as 'all', 'most', 'at least half' and similar terms as quantifiers for the decision. Additionally, new methods of aggregating the various ... Keywords: Multi-criteria decision making, Order weighted average method

David Ben-Arieh

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Sensitivity of multi-criteria decision making to linguistic quantifiers and aggregation means  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developments in Multi-Criteria (MCDM) and Multi-Expert decision-making allow for using linguistic quantifiers such as 'all', 'most', 'at least half' and similar terms as quantifiers for the decision. Additionally, new methods of aggregating the various ... Keywords: multi-criteria decision making, order weighted average method

David Ben-Arieh

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Application of decision-making techniques in supplier selection: A systematic review of literature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite the importance of decision-making (DM) techniques for construction of effective decision models for supplier selection, there is a lack of a systematic literature review for it. This paper provides a systematic literature review on articles published ... Keywords: Decision-making techniques, Literature review, Supplier selection, Uncertainty

Junyi Chai; James N. K. Liu; Eric W. T. Ngai

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Augmented cognition tool for rapid military decision making.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the laboratory directed research and development work to model relevant areas of the brain that associate multi-modal information for long-term storage for the purpose of creating a more effective, and more automated, association mechanism to support rapid decision making. Using the biology and functionality of the hippocampus as an analogy or inspiration, we have developed an artificial neural network architecture to associate k-tuples (paired associates) of multimodal input records. The architecture is composed of coupled unimodal self-organizing neural modules that learn generalizations of unimodal components of the input record. Cross modal associations, stored as a higher-order tensor, are learned incrementally as these generalizations form. Graph algorithms are then applied to the tensor to extract multi-modal association networks formed during learning. Doing so yields a novel approach to data mining for knowledge discovery. This report describes the neurobiological inspiration, architecture, and operational characteristics of our model, and also provides a real world terrorist network example to illustrate the model's functionality.

Taylor, Shawn Ellis; Bernard, Michael Lewis; Verzi, Stephen J.; Dubicka, Irene; Vineyard, Craig Michael

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

Williams, Brian C.

100

Decision Making under Climate Risks: An Analysis of Sub-Saharan Farmers’ Adaptation Behaviors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines decision making under climate risks using farmers’ decisions in sub-Saharan Africa, where climate risks are very high. Two risk measures are obtained from the Climate Research Unit’s high-resolution climatology, diurnal ...

S. Niggol Seo

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

Williams, Brian

102

Decision making under epistemic uncertainty : an application to seismic design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The problem of accounting for epistemic uncertainty in risk management decisions is conceptually straightforward, but is riddled with practical difficulties. Simple approximations are often used whereby future variations ...

Agarwal, Anna

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Fault trees for decision making in systems analysis  

SciTech Connect

The application of fault tree analysis (FTA) to system safety and reliability is presented within the framework of system safety analysis. The concepts and techniques involved in manual and automated fault tree construction are described and their differences noted. The theory of mathematical reliability pertinent to FTA is presented with emphasis on engineering applications. An outline of the quantitative reliability techniques of the Reactor Safety Study is given. Concepts of probabilistic importance are presented within the fault tree framework and applied to the areas of system design, diagnosis and simulation. The computer code IMPORTANCE ranks basic events and cut sets according to a sensitivity analysis. A useful feature of the IMPORTANCE code is that it can accept relative failure data as input. The output of the IMPORTANCE code can assist an analyst in finding weaknesses in system design and operation, suggest the most optimal course of system upgrade, and determine the optimal location of sensors within a system. A general simulation model of system failure in terms of fault tree logic is described. The model is intended for efficient diagnosis of the causes of system failure in the event of a system breakdown. It can also be used to assist an operator in making decisions under a time constraint regarding the future course of operations. The model is well suited for computer implementation. New results incorporated in the simulation model include an algorithm to generate repair checklists on the basis of fault tree logic and a one-step-ahead optimization procedure that minimizes the expected time to diagnose system failure. (80 figures, 20 tables) (auth)

Lambert, H.E.

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Factors superintendents consider when making the decision between commercially developed curriculum or locally developed curriculum.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examined the factors superintendents consider when making the decision between commercially developed curriculum or locally developed curriculum. This study was guided by three… (more)

Veazey, Lana Kay

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

A complicated chain of circumstances : decision making in the New Zealand wool supply chains.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation explores the influences on individual decision making in a complex, real world context ??? the New Zealand wool supply chain. It asks two… (more)

Bradford, Lori E. A.

106

Value stream financial modeling for improved production decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding the overall impact of a decision in a manufacturing system can be challenging given the complex production and financial structures in today's companies. While knowing the direct result of a local change may ...

Hopkins, Christopher Warren

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Climate Forecasts for Corn Producer Decision-Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Corn is the most widely grown crop in the Americas, with annual production in the US of approximately 332 million metric tons. Improved climate forecasts, together with climate-related decision-tools for corn producers based on these improved ...

Eugene S. Takle; Christopher J. Anderson; Jeffrey Andresen; James Angel; Roger W. Elmore; Benjamin M. Gramig; Patrick Guinan; Steven Hilberg; Doug Kluck; Raymond Massey; Dev Niyogi; Jeanne M. Schneider; Martha D. Shulski; Dennis Todey; Melissa Widhalm

108

The Effectiveness of Weather Forecasts in Decision Making: An Example  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decision models involving prescribed fire (the use of fire as a silvicultural tool) were used to analyze the utility of four types of weather information as forecasts: climatology, current weather observations (used as a persistence forecast), ...

R. William Furman

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Hajj-QAES: A Knowledge-Based Expert System to Support Hajj Pilgrims in Decision Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most Muslim countries provide trainings to their pilgrims before departing for Mecca in order to assist them in achieving a perfect or mabrur hajj. However they probably encounter hajj related problems that require them to make immediate decisions especially ... Keywords: decision making, expert system, hajj complex problems, knowledge base

Shahida Sulaiman; Hasimah Mohamed; Muhammad Rafie Mohd Arshad; Nur' Aini Abdul Rashid; Umi Kalsom Yusof

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) and farmers' decision-making across the agricultural supply chain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a case study of the Indian Tobacco Company's (ITC) e-Choupal initiative, the paper empirically analyses the role of information delivery through information and communication technology (ICT) in enhancing decision-making capabilities of Indian ... Keywords: Agricultural supply chain, Decision-making, India, Information and communication technologies (ICTs), e-Choupal

Jabir Ali; Sushil Kumar

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Multiple attribute decision-making methods for the dynamic operator allocation problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study explores two multiple attribute decision-making (MADM) methods to solve a dynamic operator allocation problem. Both methods use an analytic hierarchy process (AHP) to determine attribute weights a priori. The first method uses a technique ... Keywords: AHP, Fuzzy set theory, Integrated circuit packaging, Multiple attribute decision making, TOPSIS

Taho Yang; Mu-Chen Chen; Chih-Ching Hung

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Fuzzy decision making on direction changes of water pollution monitoring underwater robots  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fuzzy decision making on trajectory direction changes of pollution monitoring robots is addressed in this paper. Measured pollution densities and the possible existence of obstacles are used as the two fundamental data. While pursuing water pollution ... Keywords: fuzzy decision making, obstacle recognition, trade-off, water pollution monitoring

Seung Y. Na; Daejung Shin; Jin Y. Kim; Seong-Joon Baek

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Phi-array: A novel method for fitness visualization and decision making in evolutionary design optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a growing interest in integrating model based evolutionary optimization in engineering design decision making for effective search of the solution space. Most applications of evolutionary optimization are concerned with the search for optimal ... Keywords: Artificial lighting, Decision making, Design exploration, Evolutionary optimization, Fitness visualization, Phi-array

Monjur Mourshed; Shariful Shikder; Andrew D. F. Price

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Information Exchange in Group Decision Making: The Hidden Profile Problem Reconsidered  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Group decision making provides a mechanism for channeling individual members' knowledge into productive organizational outcomes. However, in hidden profile experiments in which group members have common information favoring an inferior choice, with private ... Keywords: group decision making, hidden profile, information exchange

John P. Lightle; John H. Kagel; Hal R. Arkes

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Using Geographic Information System for Simulation and Decision Making in Blasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Building demolition is an important subject for urban construction and development. Blasting simulation is very helpful for safe scientific blasting. It will provide a novel method to decision making for blasting combined with Geographic information ... Keywords: GIS, Three-dimensional modeling, blasting simulation, decision making

Jiejun Huang; Weiping Xu; Xu Zhao; Jie Chen; Fawang Ye

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

A model study on the circuit mechanism underlying decision-making in Drosophila  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous elegant experiments in a flight simulator showed that conditioned Drosophila is able to make a clear-cut decision to avoid potential danger. When confronted with conflicting visual cues, the relative saliency of two competing cues is found to ... Keywords: Attention, Decision-making, Dopamine modulation, Drosophila, Feature binding, Systems-level circuit model

Zhihua Wu; Aike Guo

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making: A Guidance and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making: A Guidance and Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making: A Guidance and Resource Document Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making: A Guidance and Resource Document Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector: Climate Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.beta.undp.org/content/dam/aplaws/publication/en/publications/envir Language: English Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making: A Guidance and Resource Document Screenshot This guidance document intends to provide countries with a practical tool on using climate information in their decision-making processes. This guide addresses these issues of adaptation planning under uncertainty of observed

118

Data mining: support for making decisions in public institutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The investment of public institutions in wind power plants or in any type of power plants implies the necessity to justify their financial feasibility. This is done by estimating all the benefits and costs during the life cycle. In order to estimate ... Keywords: data mining (DM), decision support systems (DSS), measured weather parameters, wind power forecast, wind power plant (WPP)

Bâra Adela; Lungu Ion; Oprea Simona Vasilica

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Computer assisted decision making for new product introduction investments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Business strategy is currently largely defined by the way that an organisation interacts with its stanapproach for supporting new product introduction (NPI) investments. The proposed methodology combines the existing concepts of directional policy matrix ... Keywords: Decision support, Fuzzy expert system, New product introduction, Real options

A. Tiwari; K. Vergidis; Y. Kuo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Modeling and Analysis in Support of Decision Making for Technological Investment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Engineering design, resource allocation, military operations, and investment strategies share a major common trait, which is, to a large extent, independent of their different origins, specific features, and intended goals. The unifying trait is the fact that, in any of these endeavors, one has to make reasonable choices, at multiple levels of decision making, among various possible and sometimes competing prospective solutions to an important and consequential practical problem. While the specifics of the problem depend on application, context, additional constraints, etc., the ultimate--albeit imprecise--goal in all these activities is to ''optimize performance,'' which is to have maximal success/profit/return with minimal time/effort/investment. In general, the underlying system is ruled by complex and often unknown dynamics, and affected by various uncertainties, which are unknown as well; on the other hand, there are numerous levels of decision making, which result in a hierarchical structure in the decision process (tree) that is both asynchronous and non-deterministic. Usually, indifferent of the specific application, as one lowers the level of decision making, alternatives depend on fewer independent variables and models become more detailed and physics/engineering based. On the contrary, at higher levels, various components aggregate and decision making is based more on fuzzier criteria instead of readily quantifiable physics/engineering details. Moreover, decisions are strongly influenced by the educational and personal biases of the people who take them. In some instances, this may blur, if not totally obfuscate objective comparisons between various options. Therefore, a crucial point in decision-making is properly understanding and quantifying the tradeoffs, including all their future relevant consequences. Since the interaction between various choices is an intricate nonlinear process, the focus shifts from the dynamics itself to the overall performance and affordability. This is not unreasonable, since oftentimes major upgrades on some components have little impact, while minor upgrades of other components turn out to be critical. To illustrate the approach, we assume that one deals with only two levels. At the lower level, physical/engineering processes are described by continuous and/or discrete, analytic and/or computer models. These models are supposed to be deterministic (e.g. dynamics as ruled by well established physical laws), but their outcome may depend in an unpredictable way on: (i) small nonlinearities unaccounted for in the model development and/or (ii) factors that--at the specific level of modelization--may be treated as stochastic terms (weather conditions, human factors, political circumstances, fluctuations in the quality of carburant, wear and tear, etc.) To this extent, the outcomes of the model processes may be considered stochastic variables/fields with a certain probability distribution function (PDF). Upon many realizations of the model, one can get reliable information about the essential features of this PDF.

Lenhart, S

2003-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Robust Decision Making using a General Utility Set  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Then, Mary can use (1 ? ?)% confidence interval to set up the error tolerant range [?j, ..... Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 21(1):61–72, 1978.

122

Sartrean Existentialism and Ethical Decision-Making in ... - Springer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

presented and is followed by its application to a brief ... Checklists and tests typically require consideration ... affected parties before you make your deci- ..... job. (4) He can start looking for alternative employment with a view to leaving as soon.

123

Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

making for concentrator solar PV We note that these supplyAutomotive and Concentrator Solar PV case studies. In someManufacturing and Concentrator Solar PV case studies we will

Reich-Weiser, Corinne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Developing shape analysis tools to assist complex spatial decision making  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this research was to develop and implement a shape identification measure within a geographic information system, specifically one that incorporates analytical modeling for site location planning. The application that was developed incorporated a location model within a raster-based GIS, which helped address critical performance issues for the decision support system. Binary matrices, which approximate the object`s geometrical form, are passed over the grided data structure and allow identification of irregular and regularly shaped objects. Lastly, the issue of shape rotation is addressed and is resolved by constructing unique matrices corresponding to the object`s orientation

Mackey, H.E. [Westinghouse Savannah River Company, AIKEN, SC (United States); Ehler, G.B.; Cowen, D. [South Carolina Univ., Columbia, SC (United States)

1996-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

125

Financial evaluation and decision making processes for environmental technology projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The convergence of the information age with an improved understanding of the effects humans have on the environment provides exciting new opportunities to improve our impact on the world. Though modem companies collect and ...

Dreher, Jonathan J. (Jonathan Jacob)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

A neurocomputational approach to decision making and aging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The adaptive toolbox approach to human rationality analyzes environments and proposes detailed cognitive mechanisms that exploit the structures identified. This paper argues that the posited mechanisms are suitable for implementation as connectionist ...

Rui Mata

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Decision making technical support study for the US Army's Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report examines the adequacy of current command and control systems designed to make timely decisions that would enable sufficient warning and protective response to an accident at the Edgewood area of Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG), Maryland, and at Pine Bluff Arsenal (PBA), Arkansas. Institutional procedures designed to facilitate rapid accident assessment, characterization, warning, notification, and response after the onset of an emergency and computer-assisted decision-making aids designed to provide salient information to on- and-off-post emergency responders are examined. The character of emergency decision making at APG and PBA, as well as potential needs for improvements to decision-making practices, procedures, and automated decision-support systems (ADSSs), are described and recommendations are offered to guide equipment acquisition and improve on- and off-post command and control relationships. We recommend that (1) a continued effort be made to integrate on- and off-post command control, and decision-making procedures to permit rapid decision making; (2) the pathways for alert and notification among on- and off-post officials be improved and that responsibilities and chain of command among off-post agencies be clarified; (3) greater attention be given to organizational and social context factors that affect the adequacy of response and the likelihood that decision-making systems will work as intended; and (4) faster improvements be made to on-post ADSSs being developed at APG and PBA, which hold considerable promise for depicting vast amounts of information. Phased development and procurement of computer-assisted decision-making tools should be undertaken to balance immediate needs against available resources and to ensure flexibility, equity among sites, and compatibility among on- and off-post systems. 112 refs., 6 tabs.

Feldman, D.L.; Dobson, J.E.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Robust Decision-making Applied to Model Selection  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The scientific and engineering communities are relying more and more on numerical models to simulate ever-increasingly complex phenomena. Selecting a model, from among a family of models that meets the simulation requirements, presents a challenge to modern-day analysts. To address this concern, a framework is adopted anchored in info-gap decision theory. The framework proposes to select models by examining the trade-offs between prediction accuracy and sensitivity to epistemic uncertainty. The framework is demonstrated on two structural engineering applications by asking the following question: Which model, of several numerical models, approximates the behavior of a structure when parameters that define each of those models are unknown? One observation is that models that are nominally more accurate are not necessarily more robust, and their accuracy can deteriorate greatly depending upon the assumptions made. It is posited that, as reliance on numerical models increases, establishing robustness will become as important as demonstrating accuracy.

Hemez, Francois M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

129

Evaluation of the Atmospheric Transport Model in the MACCS2 Code and its Impact on Decision Making at DOE Sites  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Atmospheric the Atmospheric Transport Model in the MACCS2 Code and its Impact on Decision Making at Department of Energy Sites John E. Till and Arthur S. Rood June 5, 2012 RAC Historical Dose Reconstruction Projects Environmental Risk Assessment "Understanding and communicating the movement of radionuclides and chemicals released to the environment, resulting exposure to humans, and the subsequent dose or risk from exposure." Types of Dose/Risk  Medical  Occupational  Public Dose/Risk Can Be Estimated for  Real people  Hypothetical people Purpose of Assessments  Compliance  Decision making  Epidemiology  Emergency response Approaches to Estimating Risk  In certain situations, and depending upon the decisions to be made, if the results of relatively

130

A fuzzy-based decision-making procedure for data warehouse system selection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increase in the number of companies seeking data warehousing solutions, in order to gain significant business advantages, has created the need for a decision-aid approach in choosing appropriate data warehouse (DW) systems. Owing to the vague concepts ... Keywords: Data warehouse system, Fuzzy sets, Multi-criteria decision making, Objectives hierarchy, Software selection

Hua-Yang Lin; Ping-Yu Hsu; Gwo-Ji Sheen

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Hybrid models in decision making under uncertainty: The case of training provider evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides a novel design for two hybrid models in modeling decision making under uncertainty: AHP-Fuzzy PROMETHEE and AHP-Fuzzy TOPSIS. The analytic hierarchy process' (AHP) excellent ability in problem structuring allows weights of criteria ... Keywords: AHP, PROMETHEE, TOPSIS, decision analysis, fuzzy MCDM, service outsourcing

J. Ignatius; S. M. H. Motlagh; M. M. Sepehri; M. Behzadian; A. Mustafa

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Weather Support to Deicing Decision Making (WSDDM): A Winter Weather Nowcasting System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a winter weather nowcasting system called Weather Support to Deicing Decision Making (WSDDM), designed to provide airline, airport, and air traffic users with winter weather information relevant to their operations. The ...

Roy Rasmussen; Mike Dixon; Frank Hage; Jeff Cole; Chuck Wade; John Tuttle; Starr McGettigan; Thomas Carty; Lloyd Stevenson; Warren Fellner; Shelly Knight; Eli Karplus; Nancy Rehak

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

A Model for Decision Making Based on NWS Monthly Temperature Outlooks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Gaussian model for evaluating the probability of occurrence of forecast-contingent monthly average temperature and degree day outcomes is developed by use of forecast-verification data, and proposed for use in decision making. The model 1) ...

Richard L. Lehman

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Dynamic Cost-Loss Ratio Decision-making Model with an Autocorrelated Climate Variable  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A dynamic decision-making problem is considered involving the use of information about the autocorrelation of a climate variable. Specifically, an infinite horizon, discounted version of the dynamic cost-loss ratio model is treated, in which only ...

Richard W. Katz

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Judgment and Decision Making in Dynamic Tasks: The Case of Forecasting the Microburst  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two studies of microburst forecasting were conducted in order to demonstrate the utility of applying theoretical and methodological concepts from judgment and decision making to meteorology. A hierarchical model of the judgment process is ...

Cynthia M. Lusk; Thomas R. Stewart; Kenneth R. Hammond; Rodney J. Potts

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Business Intelligence: Data Mining and Optimization for Decision Making, 1st edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Business intelligence is a broad category of applications and technologies for gathering, providing access to, and analyzing data for the purpose of helping enterprise users make better business decisions. The term implies having a comprehensive knowledge ...

Carlo Vercellis

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

A D-S theory based AHP decision making approach with ambiguous evaluations of multiple criteria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes an ambiguity aversion principle of minimax regret to extend DS/AHP approach of multi-criteria decision making (MCDM). This extension can analyze the MCDM problems with ambiguous evaluations of multiple criteria. Such evaluations cannot ...

Wenjun Ma; Wei Xiong; Xudong Luo

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Strategies for accelerating cleanup at toxic waste sites: Fast-tracking environmental actions and decision making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presents truly innovative advances in investigative and cleanup technologies, offering valuable solutions that streamline the data collection process, speed up the time it takes to characterize a site, and expedite decision making.

Payne, S.M. [Tetra Tech EM Inc., Helena, MT (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

139

Asian real estate investment : data utilization for the decision making process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many investors in developed countries believe the Asian emerging market to be highly risky due to numerous uncertainties including limited market information to make sound investment decisions. However, still successful ...

Huh, Keun, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

New information technologies in public participation : a challenge to old decision-making institutional frameworks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given the progress in information technology (IT) in the past 30 years, I hypothesized that new conditions exist for considerable improvements in public participation in decision-making. In order to test my hypothesis, I ...

Ferraz de Abreu, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Improving customer order visibility to enable improved planning and decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The General Purpose Drives organization of ABB Switzerland does not capture sufficient data on the movement of customer orders through the production process to make efficient decisions on where to allocate improvement ...

Krause, Karla M. (Karla Margarete)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

The real rules of the budget game : minority fiscal decision making in the United States Senate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study examines the consequences of the Gramm-Rudman super-majority budget rules on fiscal decision making in the Senate. It attempts to determine the efficacy of these rules as defined by those who advocate them, ...

Simon, Marsha Jean

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Multi-objective constrained optimization for decision making and optimization for system architectures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis proposes new methods to solve three problems: 1) how to model and solve decision-making problems, 2) how to translate between a graphical representation of systems and a matrix representation of systems, and ...

Lin, Maokai

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Revised process for work zone decision-making based on quantitative performance measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Work zones create one of the most challenging environments for drivers. Implementing work zones on urban freeways creates many issues, especially with respect to mobility. Decisions made regarding the work zone should be informed by quantitative data, collected in work zones, to ensure that the mobility impacts of the work zone treatments implemented are mitigated. A new decision-making process, which addresses the shortcomings in the current decision-making processes, was developed through the course of this research. The new process incorporates a Performance Measure/Treatment matrix, which recommends multiple performance measures, each of which is chosen to measure the mobility impacts particular to a specific work zone implementation. Most importantly, the revised decision-making process incorporates a feedback loop. Quantitative data collected in work zones is analyzed after the work zone is complete, to determine the impacts specific decisions had on mobility in the work zone. The lessons learned in previous work zones are then incorporated into the decision-making process, lessening the mobility impacts of future work zones. This thesis develops the new decision-making process, and examines the issues with the application of the process.

Hartmann, Thomas Wayne

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Extended TOPSIS with Correlation Coefficient of Triangular Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets for Multiple Attribute Group Decision Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper extends the technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution TOPSIS for solving multi-attribute group decision making MAGDM problems under triangular intuitionistic fuzzy sets by using its correlation coefficient. In situations ... Keywords: Correlation of Triangular Intuitionistic Fuzzy Number, Multi-Attribute Group Decision Making MAGDM, TOPSIS, Triangular Intuitionistic Fuzzy Hybrid Aggregation TIFHA Operator, Triangular Intuitionistic Fuzzy Ordered Weighted Averaging TIFOWA Operator

John Robinson P.; Henry AmirtharajE. C.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Intelligent decision-making system with green pervasive computing for renewable energy business in electricity markets on smart grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is about the intelligent decision-making system for the smart grid based electricity market which requires distributed decision making on the competitive environments composed of many players and components. It is very important to consider ...

Dong-Joo Kang; Jong Hyuk Park; Sang-Soo Yeo

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

The use of simulation in decision making for the Kuparuk River field development  

SciTech Connect

A multicomponent system of simulators has been used successfully for development decisions on the Kuparuk River field. This paper describes the field, the simulators chosen, and some decision examples. The system was found to be fast, flexible, and cost effective. A fast, cost-effective, and flexible system has been designed and used in making development planning decisions for a giant oilfield. Prestartup conceptual design decisions were made by using a multicomponent approach and relying heavily on a purpose-built field-development simulator. Acceptable degrees of confidence were realized by allowing technical assessments to be made between stages of simulation.

Clutterbuck, P.R.; Danee, S.E.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Risk-based decision-making: A reality at the INEL  

SciTech Connect

Risk Analysis and Risk Management are major components of the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory`s (INEL`s) environmental restoration and waste management program. These tools help define responsible and cost-effective approaches to address potential human health and environmental risks from past operational practices. These techniques along with stake holder involvement, play a key role in the decision-making process which involves the US Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office (DOE), the US Environmental Protection Agency Region 10 (EPA), and the State of Idaho Department of Health and Welfare (IDHW), hereafter referred to as the agencies. An example of how this process works is Pad A, an above-ground mixed waste disposal site composed mainly of transuranic-contaminated evaporation pond salts. The site was constructed in 1972 for the disposal of solid radioactive wastes. A Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) baseline risk assessment was conducted to determine the incremental cancer risk and potential for adverse health effects to the public and the impacts to the environment if no action was performed. The risk characterization indicated that the carcinogenic risk for current and future hypothetical scenarios was below or within the NCP acceptable risk range. There was a potential 10 year window for an adverse health effect to an infant from nitrate contamination of the groundwater in about 250 years. Based on these results, a responsible and sound decision was reached to maintain and recontour the existing soil cover and to perform monitoring to confirm modeling assumptions.

Halford, V.E.; Nitschke, R.L. [Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Hula, G.A. [USDOE Idaho Operations Office, Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

149

The EMF dilemma: Decision-making amid scientific uncertainty  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 1989, residents of Monticito, CA about 90 mi NW of Los Angeles called to the attention of local school and county health officials a leukemia cluster observed in children in the area. In this cluster, the rate of cancer in children appeared to be five times the expected rate. Montecito Union School is bisected by 66-kV power lines, as they come out into the community from a substation directly adjacent to the school. The lines pass within 15 feet of the north side of Howard School. After the State Department of Health identified this as a legitimate cancer cluster, the state responded by taking EMF readings in September 1989 on and near Montecito Union School and produced a report in December of that year. In the weeks following the December 1989 report, concern built in the community over perceived weaknesses in the state's methodology. Doubt was cast over the state's willingness to perform a thorough investigation. The cognizant utility, Southern California Edison, was involved early in the information sharing. The author discusses the mediated negotiation, and recommends that utility planners be candid, provide honest answers, work openly and aggressively with communities, and make EMF information easily accessible.

Sage, C. (Sage Associates, Montecito, CA (USA))

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Cross-cultural effects of casualties on foreign policy decision making: South Korea and the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is well accepted that casualties incurred as a result of interstate militarized disputes have a significant influence on domestic public opinion and ultimately on foreign policy decision making (FPDM). Although scholars have studied the influence of casualties on FPDM, the major line of research ignores the possibility that different cultural settings may generate different levels of tolerance for human casualties and thereby differentially mediate public reactions. Therefore, I attempt to clarify the impact of cultural factors on interpretation and perception of human casualties in international conflicts by the general public and their implications on consequent foreign policy choices. I specifically examine two socio-cultural factors in the context of two culturally different states, South Korea and the United States. The two cultural factors are (1) the level of individualism vs. collectivism, and (2) the degree of ambiguity intolerance. I argue that the two factors will possibly affect the public’s tolerance of human casualties. I expect that they will affect both the process by which members of the two cultures make decisions and their choices. Cross-national experimental design (in South Korea and the United States) and a comparative case study were employed. Regarding the decision choice, I found that the expected number of casualties were considered in different ways by American students and Korean students. Different from my expectation, the Korean students perceived the expected number of casualties more negatively than the American students. With regard to the process of decision making, the empirical results support the hypotheses that the different levels of intolerance of ambiguity, a cultural factor, will have an impact on the decision process. Specifically, Korean students, who are less tolerant of ambiguity, needed less information to reach a final decision than did American students. Overall, although the results did not completely support cultural accounts, cultural explanation has been proven to be a viable ingredient in explaining the different observed patterns of foreign policy decision making. Specifically, a cultural factor, ambiguity intolerance, had an impact on the process rather than the choice. In addition, this study presents some theoretical implications as well as political implications.

Park, Nam Tae

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Hanford Site cleanup and transition: Risk data needs for decision making (Hanford risk data gap analysis decision guide)  

SciTech Connect

Given the broad array of environmental problems, technical alternatives, and outcomes desired by different stakeholders at Hanford, DOE will have to make difficult resource allocations over the next few decades. Although some of these allocations will be driven purely by legal requirements, almost all of the major objectives of the cleanup and economic transition missions involve choices among alternative pathways. This study examined the following questions: what risk information is needed to make good decisions at Hanford; how do those data needs compare to the set(s) of risk data that will be generated by regulatory compliance activities and various non-compliance studies that are also concerned with risk? This analysis examined the Hanford Site missions, the Hanford Strategic Plan, known stakeholder values, and the most important decisions that have to be made at Hanford to determine a minimum domain of risk information required to make good decisions that will withstand legal, political, and technical scrutiny. The primary risk categories include (1) public health, (2) occupational health and safety, (3) ecological integrity, (4) cultural-religious welfare, and (5) socio-economic welfare.

Gajewski, S.; Glantz, C.; Harper, B.; Bilyard, G.; Miller, P.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Integrating textual analysis and evidential reasoning for decision making in Engineering design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decision making is an important element throughout the life-cycle of large-scale projects. Decisions are critical as they have a direct impact upon the success/outcome of a project and are affected by many factors including the certainty and precision ... Keywords: Dezert-Smarandache Theory, Discounting techniques, Evidential reasoning, Information extraction, Information fusion, Knowledge and data engineering, Natural language processing, Textual entailment

Fiona Browne, Niall Rooney, Weiru Liu, David Bell, Hui Wang, Philip S. Taylor, Yan Jin

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Research on Multi-criteria Decision-Making Model of Multi-variety Discrete Production and Manufacture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, taking econonic, order execution, output and consuming into account, the decision-making model of multi-variety discrete production and manufacture has been presented for the multiobjective decision multi-attribute problem. The analytic ... Keywords: decision-making model, discrete production and manufacture, AHP, MAUF

Jianfang Sun; Fan Zhu; Xiaopeng Xie

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

A fuzzy optimization method for multicriteria decision making: An application to reservoir flood control operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a fuzzy optimization method based on the concept of ideal and anti-ideal points to solve multi-criteria decision making problems under fuzzy environments. The quantitative criteria values of each alternative are represented by triangular ... Keywords: Ideal and anti-ideal points, Linguistic value, Multiple criteria analysis, Triangular fuzzy number

Guangtao Fu

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Fuzzy multiobjective decision making for navigation of mobile robots in dynamic, unstructured environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work we apply the notion of fuzzy multi-objective decision making to the problem of navigation of mobile robots in unstructured environments such as lunar and planetary surfaces and military zones. In particular the proposed approach is concerned ...

Earl B. Smith; Reza Langari

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

A design decision-making support model for customized product color combination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The need for product customization during product development processes will continue to increase. Product customization can satisfy consumer needs and preferences. Altering the colors and appearance of module parts is an effectual method of achieving ... Keywords: Color combination, Customization, Decision-making, Fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP), Image compositing

Min-Yuan Ma; Cheih-Ying Chen; Fong-Gong Wu

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Your attention please: designing security-decision UIs to make genuine risks harder to ignore  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We designed and tested attractors for computer security dialogs: user-interface modifications used to draw users' attention to the most important information for making decisions. Some of these modifications were purely visual, while others temporarily ... Keywords: attractors, dialogs, habituation, methodologies, usable security, warnings

Cristian Bravo-Lillo; Saranga Komanduri; Lorrie Faith Cranor; Robert W. Reeder; Manya Sleeper; Julie Downs; Stuart Schechter

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

New Solutions for Substation Sensing, Signal Processing and Decision Making M. Kezunovic, Fellow IEEE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Solutions for Substation Sensing, Signal Processing and Decision Making M. Kezunovic, Fellow IEEE Texas A&M University Department of Electrical Engineering kezunov@ee.tamu.edu Henry Taylor, Fellow IEEE Texas A&M University Department of Electrical Engineering taylor@ee.tamu.edu Abstract This paper

Kezunovic, Mladen

159

New Solutions for Substation Sensing, Signal Processing and Decision Making M. Kezunovic, Fellow IEEE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into one system [1]. Once the concept is implemented, a variety of new applications that utilize overall of IEDs from different vendors can be interconnected to form a substation automation system. The problem in the power system area regarding application of sensors, signal processing and decision-making. To illustrate

160

Preferences for health information and decision-making: development of the Health Information Wants (HIW) questionnaire  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Health Information Wants (HIW) Questionnaire was developed to measure 1) a broad range of the types and amount of each type of information health consumers want to have in dealing with health-related issues; and 2) the degree to which health consumers ... Keywords: decision-making, health information, health information wants (HIW), instrument development

Bo Xie; Mo Wang; Robert Feldman

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A formal framework for scenario development in support of environmental decision-making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scenarios are possible future states of the world that represent alternative plausible conditions under different assumptions. Often, scenarios are developed in a context relevant to stakeholders involved in their applications since the evaluation of ... Keywords: Alternative futures, Decision-making, Scenario analysis, Scenario planning, Scenarios, Uncertainty

Mohammed Mahmoud; Yuqiong Liu; Holly Hartmann; Steven Stewart; Thorsten Wagener; Darius Semmens; Robert Stewart; Hoshin Gupta; Damian Dominguez; Francina Dominguez; David Hulse; Rebecca Letcher; Brenda Rashleigh; Court Smith; Roger Street; Jenifer Ticehurst; Mark Twery; Hedwig van Delden; Ruth Waldick; Denis White; Larry Winter

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

A Hybrid Architecture for Situated Learning of Reactive Sequential Decision Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In developing autonomous agents, one usually emphasizes only (situated) procedural knowledge, ignoring more explicit declarative knowledge. On the other hand, in developing symbolic reasoning models, one usually emphasizes only declarative knowledge, ignoring ... Keywords: cognitive modeling, hybrid models, neural networks, reinforcement learning, sequential decision making

Ron Sun; Todd Peterson; Edward Merrill

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Solving nuclear safeguards evaluation problem with fuzzy multiple attribute decision making methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) conducts nuclear safeguards evaluation (NSE) to verify that a State is living up to its international undertakings not to use nuclear programs for nuclear weapons purposes. In NSE, IAEA experts linguistically ... Keywords: fuzzy multiple attribute decision making, linguistic evaluation, nuclear safeguards

Özgür Kabak; Da Ruan

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Does green lead to green? : an exploratory study of the influence of corporate environmental reputation on investor decision making.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this dissertation, I report on the results of an exploratory study that examined the impact of corporate environmental reputation (CER) on investor decision-making. By… (more)

Pather, Rubintheran

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

An expandable software model for collaborative decision making during the whole building life cycle  

SciTech Connect

Decisions throughout the life cycle of a building, from design through construction and commissioning to operation and demolition, require the involvement of multiple interested parties (e.g., architects, engineers, owners, occupants and facility managers). The performance of alternative designs and courses of action must be assessed with respect to multiple performance criteria, such as comfort, aesthetics, energy, cost and environmental impact. Several stand-alone computer tools are currently available that address specific performance issues during various stages of a building's life cycle. Some of these tools support collaboration by providing means for synchronous and asynchronous communications, performance simulations, and monitoring of a variety of performance parameters involved in decisions about a building during building operation. However, these tools are not linked in any way, so significant work is required to maintain and distribute information to all parties. In this paper we describe a software model that provides the data management and process control required for collaborative decision making throughout a building's life cycle. The requirements for the model are delineated addressing data and process needs for decision making at different stages of a building's life cycle. The software model meets these requirements and allows addition of any number of processes and support databases over time. What makes the model infinitely expandable is that it is a very generic conceptualization (or abstraction) of processes as relations among data. The software model supports multiple concurrent users, and facilitates discussion and debate leading to decision making. The software allows users to define rules and functions for automating tasks and alerting all participants to issues that need attention. It supports management of simulated as well as real data and continuously generates information useful for improving performance prediction and understanding of the effects of proposed technologies and strategies.

Papamichael, K.; Pal, V.; Bourassa, N.; Loffeld, J.; Capeluto, G.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Linking science with environmental decision making: Experiences from an integrated modeling approach to supporting sustainable water resources management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The call for more effective integration of science and decision making is ubiquitous in environmental management. While scientists often complain that their input is ignored by decision makers, the latter have also expressed dissatisfaction that critical ... Keywords: Decision support, Integrated modeling, Scenario analysis, Sustainability, Water resources management

Yuqiong Liu; Hoshin Gupta; Everett Springer; Thorsten Wagener

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Impact of support system failure limitations on probabilistic safety assessment and in regulatory decision making  

SciTech Connect

When used as a tool for safety decision making, Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA) is as effective as it realistically characterizes the overall frequency and consequences of various types of system and component failures. If significant support system failure events are omitted from consideration, the PSA process omits the characterization of possible unique contributors to core damage risk, possibly underestimates the frequency of core damage, and reduces the future utility of the PSA as a decision making tool for the omitted support system. This paper is based on a review of several recent US PSA studies and the author's participation in several International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) sponsored peer reviews. 21 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Bickel, J.H.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Commissioning Aid and Decision Making Assistance Tool 'Implementation & Assessment' - Case Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The precedent paper, published in ICEBO 2005 presented the approach and methodology for information flow management in the commissioning of low energy buildings. Within this methodology, commissioning and decision making are included in the low energy building design process with taking care of the efficiency of information flow. This methodology aims at increasing the probability to meet the required needs by including, in the entire building life cycle (design, construction, occupancy and maintenance), a quality control process such as commissioning. This paper presents two aspects. The first part describes the specifications of a tool box for commissioning and decision making aid that we are developing. This tool box applies our methodology in order to guarantee the efficiency of the design process. The seconde part shows how was the approach used to capitalise a reabilitation and construction of low energy buildings in Paris, France and Saint Pierre, Reunion, to validate our hypothesis, to develop and Assess our tool.

Belkadi-Hannachi, N.; Jandon, M.; Nejad, H. V.; Guena, F.; Diab, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Program on Technology Innovation: Decision-Centered Guidelines for the Design of Human System Interfaces for Electric Power Industry Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decision-centered guidelines support improved user decision making across a broad range of electric power industry application areas. The guidelines will aid in the design of user-centered human-system interfaces (HSIs), while increasing the beneficial uses of new technologies for electric power generation, transmission, and distribution (GTD) systems. Decision-centered guidelines are applicable to system designs involving new technology that will transform current user tasks, responsibilities, ...

2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

170

Earth observations and global change decision making, 1989: A national partnership. Vol. 1  

SciTech Connect

Attention is given to advanced information management and global decision making, improving access to global change data through catalog interoperability, NOAA satellite data for climate and global change, and artificial intelligence and environmental data. Also contributed are solar activity versus the greenhouse effect, freshwater ecosystems and resources, the need for in situ measurements for EOS, and disseminating voluminous resource databases in an era of global change.

Ginsberg, I.W.; Angelo, J.A. Jr.; (Michigan, Environmental Research Institute, Ann Arbor; Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

National Research Needs Conference Proceedings: Risk-Based Decision Making for Onsite Wastewater Treatment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On May 19-20, 2000, the Research Needs Conference for "Risk-Based Decision Making for Onsite Wastewater Treatment" was convened in St. Louis, Missouri. The conference, funded by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), was the culmination of an eighteen-month-long effort by the National Decentralized Water Resources Capacity Development Project (NDWRCDP) to assist onsite wastewater leadership in identifying critical research gaps in the field. The five "White Papers" included in this volume of Pro...

2001-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

172

A fuzzy multi-criteria group decision making framework for evaluating health-care waste disposal alternatives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nowadays, as in all other organizations, the amount of waste generated in the health-care institutions is rising due to their extent of service. Medical waste management is a common problem of developing countries including Turkey, which are becoming ... Keywords: Fuzzy integral, Group decision making, Health-care waste management, Multi-criteria decision making, OWA

Mehtap Dursun; E. Ertugrul Karsak; Melis Almula Karadayi

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Evaluation of multi-attribute decision making systems applied during the concept design of new microplasma devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Various multi-attribute decision making (MADM) systems can be implemented to narrow a field of new concept designs down to those with high likelihoods of surpassing state-of-the-art technologies. This research investigated the conceptual design phase ... Keywords: AHP, Concept design tools, Design process(es), Engineering design, GRA, MADM, Multi-attribute decision making, New product development, Pugh, QFD, UBAF

Elizabeth Lennon, John Farr, Ronald Besser

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Framework of agent-based intelligence system with two-stage decision-making process for distributed dynamic scheduling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The advent of multiagent systems, a branch of distributed artificial intelligence, introduced a new approach to problem solving through agents interacting in the problem solving process. In this paper, a collaborative framework of a distributed agent-based ... Keywords: Agent, Compensatory negotiation process, Decision-making, Distributed dynamic scheduling, Fuzzy decision-making process, Multiagent systems

Yee-Ming Chen; Shih-Chang Wang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Human Factors in Operational and Control Decision Making in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retrofit of a Combined Breaker Feeder with a Chisel Bath Contact Detection System to Reduce Anode Effect Frequency in a Potroom · Simulating Traffic in a ...

176

Accommodating complexity and human behaviors in decision analysis.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the final report for a LDRD effort to address human behavior in decision support systems. One sister LDRD effort reports the extension of this work to include actual human choices and additional simulation analyses. Another provides the background for this effort and the programmatic directions for future work. This specific effort considered the feasibility of five aspects of model development required for analysis viability. To avoid the use of classified information, healthcare decisions and the system embedding them became the illustrative example for assessment.

Backus, George A.; Siirola, John Daniel; Schoenwald, David Alan; Strip, David R.; Hirsch, Gary B.; Bastian, Mark S.; Braithwaite, Karl R.; Homer, Jack [Homer Consulting] Homer Consulting

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

The Effect Of Options On Pilot Decision Making In The Presence Of Risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Option-Based Decision Framework is developed. This Framework may be applied to decisions that must be made in the face of high risk. The work is motivated by the needs of decision makers, specifically aviation decision ...

Dershowitz, Adam L.

178

Managing the global commons decision making and conflict resolution in response to climate change  

SciTech Connect

A workshop was convened to develop a better understanding of decision-making matters concerning management of the global commons and to resolve conflicts in response to climate change. This workshop report does not provide a narrative of the proceedings. The workshop program is included, as are the abstracts of the papers that were presented. Only the introductory paper on social science research by William Riebsame and the closing summary by Richard Rockwell are reprinted here. This brief report focuses instead on the deliberations of the working groups that developed during the workshop. 4 figs., 1 tab.

Rayner, S. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Naegeli, W.; Lund, P. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (USA))

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Energy star product specification development framework: Using data and analysis to make program decisions  

SciTech Connect

The Product Development Team (PD) in the US Environmental Protection Agency's ENERGY STAR Labeling Program fuels the long-term market transformation process by delivering new specifications. PD's goal is to expand the reach and visibility of ENERGY STAR as well as the market for new energy-efficient products. Since 2000, PD has launched nine new ENERGY STAR specifications and continues to evaluate new program opportunities. To evaluate the ENERGY STAR carbon savings potential for a diverse group of products, PD prepared a framework for developing new and updating existing specifications that rationalizes new product opportunities and draws upon the expertise and resources of other stakeholders, including manufacturers, utilities, environmental groups and other government agencies. By systematically reviewing the potential of proposed product areas, PD makes informed decisions as to whether or not to proceed with developing a specification. In support of this strategy, PD ensures that new product specifications are consistent with the ENERGY STAR guidelines and that these guidelines are effectively communicated to stakeholders during the product development process. To date, the framework has been successful in providing consistent guidance on collecting the necessary information on which to base sound program decisions. Through the application of this framework, PD increasingly recognizes that each industry has unique market and product characteristics that can require reconciliation with the ENERGY STAR guidelines. The new framework allows PD to identify where reconciliation is needed to justify program decisions.

McWhinney, Marla; Fanara, Andrew; Clark, Robin; Hershberg, Craig; Schmeltz, Rachel; Roberson, Judy

2003-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

180

Making the Case for Investments in Human Effectiveness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Investments to enhance human effectiveness in complex systems are rife with several types of uncertainties, intangible benefits, multiple stakeholders, and inherent unpredictability.ï¾ ï¾ These characteristics make cost/benefit analyses for such systems ...

William B. Rouse; Kenneth R. Boff

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Spatial ordered weighted averaging: incorporating spatially variable attitude towards risk in spatial multi-criteria decision-making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper discusses a decomposition-analysis-aggregation approach to multi-criteria spatial decision-making and proposes a novel aggregation method applicable to problems of the object-location or suitability for application type, concentrating on methodological ... Keywords: Multi-criteria spatial decision support, Ordered weighted averaging, Spatially variable risk perception, Suitability evaluation

C. K. Makropoulos; D. Butler

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Logistics tool selection with two-phase fuzzy multi criteria decision making: A case study for personal digital assistant selection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Efficient logistics and supply chain management are enabled through the use of efficient information technologies (IT). The mobile logistics tools represent the IT interface in the supply chain. This paper aims to aid decision makers to identify the ... Keywords: Fuzzy AHP, Fuzzy TOPSIS, Fuzzy axiomatic design, Group decision-making, Logistics industry, Logistics tool selection

Gülçin Büyüközkan; Jbid Arsenyan; Da Ruan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Inflation Targeting, Committee Decision Making and Uncertainty: The case of the Bank of England’s MPC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as strategic voting, the acquisition of information, possible conflicts of interest, and how information is communicated in committees (see Gerling 10See Edison and Marquez (1998) for a detailed description of the decision making processes of the Federal Open...

Bhattacharjee, Arnab; Holly, Sean

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

184

Warning Decision Making: The Relative Roles of Conceptual Models, Technology, Strategy, and Forecaster Expertise on 3 May 1999  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines concepts related to warning decision making for the 3 May 1999 tornado outbreak in central Oklahoma. Sixty-six tornadoes occurred during this outbreak, with 58 occurring in the Norman, Oklahoma, National Weather Service ...

David L. Andra Jr.; Elizabeth M. Quoetone; William F. Bunting

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Risk Measures Constituting Risk Metrics for Decision Making in the Chemical Process Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The occurrence of catastrophic incidents in the process industry leave a marked legacy of resulting in staggering economic and societal losses incurred by the company, the government and the society. The work described herein is a novel approach proposed to help predict and mitigate potential catastrophes from occurring and for understanding the stakes at risk for better risk informed decision making. The methodology includes societal impact as risk measures along with tangible asset damage monetization. Predicting incidents as leading metrics is pivotal to improving plant processes and, for individual and societal safety in the vicinity of the plant (portfolio). From this study it can be concluded that the comprehensive judgments of all the risks and losses should entail the analysis of the overall results of all possible incident scenarios. Value-at-Risk (VaR) is most suitable as an overall measure for many scenarios and for large number of portfolio assets. FN-curves and F$-curves can be correlated and this is very beneficial for understanding the trends of historical incidents in the U.S. chemical process industry. Analyzing historical databases can provide valuable information on the incident occurrences and their consequences as lagging metrics (or lagging indicators) for the mitigation of the portfolio risks. From this study it can be concluded that there is a strong statistical relationship between the different consequence tiers of the safety pyramid and Heinrich‘s safety pyramid is comparable to data mined from the HSEES database. Furthermore, any chemical plant operation is robust only when a strategic balance is struck between optimal plant operations and, maintaining health, safety and sustaining environment. The balance emerges from choosing the best option amidst several conflicting parameters. Strategies for normative decision making should be utilized for making choices under uncertainty. Hence, decision theory is utilized here for laying the framework for choice making of optimum portfolio option among several competing portfolios. For understanding the strategic interactions of the different contributing representative sets that play a key role in determining the most preferred action for optimum production and safety, the concepts of game theory are utilized and framework has been provided as novel application to chemical process industry.

Prem, Katherine

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Toxic chemicals and technological society: decision-making strategies when errors can be catastrophic  

SciTech Connect

Uncertainties about chemical dangers are so great that major errors seem inevitable; long lags before feedback may inhibit learning about errors in time to prevent irreversible, catastrophic consequences; the number of chemicals is enourmous, and sensible action requires esoteric knowledge. How have decision makers reponded to this predicament. It is shown that a diverse repertoire of regulatory procedures gradually evolved, encompassing an increasing number of toxics problems, in piecemeal response to poisoning incidents and other negative feedback. Advance testing strategies designed to eliminate lags between introduction of new chemicals and feedback about their dangers are analyzed. Another new regulatory strategy examined is intended to ease the problem of number by focusing attention on especially dangerous substances. Pesticide policy is analyzed. While costly errors occurred using trial and error, diverse forms of feedback led to substitution of less persistent pesticides and to regulatory processes that set priorities, reduce time lag, and use explicit strategies to mitigate the severity of remaining errors. The process by which chemical threats to the ozone layer were diagnosed and acted upon is examined. The author summarizes the analysis, presents a revised conception of decision making on risky technological issues, evaluates the known health effects from toxic chemicals, and suggests additional policy options. Overall, the research reveals surprisingly sensible strategies for preventing and mitigating potentially catastrophic errors; but implementation obstacles are severe.

Woodhouse, E.J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Pricing and promotion strategies of an online shop based on customer segmentation and multiple objective decision making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The advent of the Internet and web technologies has enabled the prosperity of virtual stores, which greatly reduce customers' search costs and retailers' overhead. However, the furious competition between online shops makes it difficult for them to generate ... Keywords: Bargaining, Customer relationship management, Multiple objective decision making, Online shop, Pricing, Promotion

C.-C. Henry Chan; Chi-Bin Cheng; Wen-Chen Hsien

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

The use of management science techniques to improve decision making in poultry processing facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The growth of the poultry industry into a major meat producing agribusiness has caused poultry processing facilities to evolve into major complexes that rely increasingly on machinery to process mass numbers of chicken carcasses. This results in a less flexible environment in which production decisions are made. A software system has been developed to meet these challenges. Parts Pro utilizes its model builder (MB) component to gather statistical and genetic information about the poultry flock to develop a mathematical model representing the constraints of the facility, as well as the request of the decision maker. This information is delivered to the second component, the model solder (MS) which is responsible for solving the mathematical model. Three experiments were conducted to determine if PartsPro was capable of representing a poultry processing facility. In Experiment 1 , genetic information from four different strains of broilers (A,B,C,D), was used in combination with the incrementally increased profits of white and dark meat final products to determine the effects of prices and strain cross on final product. A composite-base control trial was run using a composite average of the strain cross data and base final product prices. Strain cross A combined with 20% increases in white meat final products offered the highest profit of any combinations. Experiment 2 was conducted to determine if the system was capable of accommodating user made production decisions. Final profits and final product mixes were compared to a composite-base run that was the average genetic yields of all strain crosses, and base prices of final products. The system altered cut-up means to accommodate the production of requested products. Final trial profits were less than the composite-base trial. Experiment 3 was conducted to determine the system's sensitivity to price changes of unproduced products. A nearly 60% increase in price of the unproduced product caused the system to alter final product mix. Total profit of the newly altered product mix was less than the composite-base trial. This research demonstrates that management science techniques can be applied successfully to aid decision making in a poultry processing facility.

Conrad, Kenneth Allen

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

An economic exploration of prevention versus response in animal related bioterrorism decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Animal disease outbreaks either through deliberate terroristic act or accidental introductions present a serious economic problem. This work concentrates on the economics of choosing strategies to mitigate possible agricultural terrorism and accidental introduction events largely in the animal disease management setting. General economic issues and the economic literature related to agricultural terrorism broadly and animal disease concerns specifically are reviewed. Basic economic aspects, such as the economic consequences of outbreaks, costs and benefits of various mitigation strategies, and stochastic characteristics of the problem are discussed. A conceptual economic model is formulated to depict the animal disease outbreak related decision making process. The key element of this framework is the choice between ex ante versus ex post mitigation strategies. The decision of investing in preventative and/or responsive strategies prior to the occurrence of an event versus relying on response and recovery actions after an outbreak event needs careful consideration. Comparative statics investigations reveal that factors that affect this decision are event probability, and severity, as well as costs, benefits, and effectiveness of various mitigation strategies. A relatively simplified empirical case study is done analyzing the economic tradeoffs between and optimum levels of ex ante detection, as a form of prevention, and ex post slaughter, as a form of response. The setting chosen involves Foot and Mouth Disease management. Empirical investigation is done on the conditions under which it is economically more advantageous to invest in ex ante detection as opposed to relying just on ex post response. Results show that investment in ex ante activities becomes more advantageous as the probability and severity of an agricultural terrorism event increases, response effectiveness decreases, and costs of surveillance decrease. Also spread rate is found to play a key role in determining optimal combination of ex ante and ex post strategies with more done ex ante the faster the disease spread. Finally, an economic framework is posed for future work given availability of a more detailed epidemiologic model. Access to such a model will allow for incorporation of wider spectrum of strategies including numerous possibilities for prevention, detection, response and market recovery facilitation. The framework allows more localized options, multiple possible events and incorporation of risk aversion among other features.

Elbakidze, Levan

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Applying Weather Analyses and Forecasts in the Navy Decision-making Process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The meteorologist in the navy is rarely the decision maker. The meteorological information that is produced by model output or remotely sensed data has to be presented in a more tactically relevant form before being applied by military decision ...

Samson Brand

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

The Lisbon new international airport: The story of a decision-making process and the role of Strategic Environmental Assessment  

SciTech Connect

This is the brief story of a decision process and the role of Strategic Environmental Assessment in government political decision-making. Following a prolonged, and agitated, decision process, initiated in the 1960s, the Government of Portugal in 2005 took the final decision to build the new international airport of Lisbon at the controversial location of Ota, 40 km north of Lisbon. The detailed project design and EIA were started. However this decision would change in 2007 due to the challenge raised by a private sponsored study that identified an alternative location for the airport at Campo de Tiro de Alcochete (CTA). This new site, which had never been considered as an option before, appeared to avoid many of the problems that caused public controversy at the Ota site. The Government, pressured by this challenge, promoted a strategic comparative assessment between the two sites. The result of this study was the choice of CTA as the preferred location. This paper discusses this radical change in the decision from a socio-political perspective. It will highlight the relevance of Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), and the strategic and constructive approach it enables in mega-project decision-making.

Partidario, Maria R., E-mail: mrp@civil.ist.utl.p [Instituto Superior Tecnico, Departamento de Engenharia Civil e Arquitectura, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 LISBOA (Portugal); Coutinho, Miguel, E-mail: miguel.coutinho@ua.p [IDAD-Instituto do Ambiente e Desenvolvimento, Campus Universitario, 3810-193 AVEIRO (Portugal)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

192

Assisting decision making in the event-driven enterprise using wavelets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses issues related to data-driven decision support systems in event-driven enterprises and proposes Discrete Wavelet Transformation (DWT) as a method to improve these systems. DWT is proposed as a method of data reduction that reduces ... Keywords: Decision analysis, Decision support systems, Visualization, Wavelets

Stephen Russell; Aryya Gangopadhyay; Victoria Yoon

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

System and method for integrating hazard-based decision making tools and processes  

SciTech Connect

A system and method for inputting, analyzing, and disseminating information necessary for identified decision-makers to respond to emergency situations. This system and method provides consistency and integration among multiple groups, and may be used for both initial consequence-based decisions and follow-on consequence-based decisions. The system and method in a preferred embodiment also provides tools for accessing and manipulating information that are appropriate for each decision-maker, in order to achieve more reasoned and timely consequence-based decisions. The invention includes processes for designing and implementing a system or method for responding to emergency situations.

Hodgin, C. Reed (Westminster, CO)

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

194

Optimal utilization of field generated analytical data for site characterization and remedial decision making. Master's thesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study developed data quality standards for assessing environmental analytical data quality and its use in remedial decision making, specifically in risk assessment calculations. The primary purpose was to increase the use of field generated data in environmental site investigations versus the continued reliance on costly and time consuming EPA Contract Lab Program data. Increased reliance on field lab data could significantly reduce remedial investigation costs. The standards developed are based on regulatory criteria for data useability, achievable quality in a CLP lab setting, and basic statistical methods. The standards were applied to sets of Volatile Organic Compound data in water and soil matrices from CLP generated data from one Installation Restoration Program site and field lab generated data from another site. The CLP data failed the test for data useability based on the standards as established where the field generated data performed much better but also had its specific failures. The results of the test of the standards on actual data sets indicate that the standards may be more stringent than necessary. Also seen in the results is a strong performance of field labs in generating data of acceptable quality.

Lester, R.J.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

The increasing importance of risk assessment and management in environmental decision-making  

SciTech Connect

Because environmental problems are growing and resources for dealing with them are shrinking, the environmental movement is witnessing an evolutionary shift toward greater emphasis on the use of risk assessment and management tools in setting environmental standards, determining levels of cleanup and deciding environmental program funding priorities. This change has important ramifications for the Department of Energy (DOE) and its national laboratories in terms of the costs of weapons facilities cleanup, the types of cleanup technology that will be emphasized and the way the DOE programs will be run. Other Federal agencies responsible for cleanup operations [e.g., the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Defense (DOD)] will be similarly affected. This paper defines risk management and risk assessment and explains why these concepts will be of growing importance in the 1990s. It also defines other relevant terms. The paper develops a rationale for why risk assessment and management will be of increasing importance in environmental decision-making in the 1990s and beyond.

Jaksch, J.A.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Facility Targeting, Protection and Mission Decision Making Using the VISAC Code  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Visual Interactive Site Analysis Code (VISAC) is a Java-based graphical expert system developed by ORNL for the Defense Threat Reduction Agency, Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and other sponsors to aid in targeting facilities and to predict the associated collateral effects for the go, no go mission decision making process. VISAC integrates the three concepts of target geometric modeling, damage assessment capabilities, and an event/fault tree methodology for evaluating accident/incident consequences. It can analyze a variety of accidents/incidents at nuclear or industrial facilities, ranging from simple component sabotage to an attack with military or terroist weapons. For nuclear facilities, VISAC predicts the facility damage, estimated downtime, amount and timing of any radionuclides released. used in conunction with DTRA's HPAC code, VISAC also can analyze transport and dispersion of the radionuclides, levels of contamination of the surrounding area, and the population at risk. VISAC has also been used by the NRC to aid in the development of protective measures for nuclear facilities that may be subjected to attacks by car/truck bombs.

Morris, Robert Howard [ORNL; Sulfredge, Charles David [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Effect of Epistemic Uncertainty Modeling Approach on Decision-Making: Example using Equipment Performance Indicator  

SciTech Connect

Quantitative risk assessments are an integral part of risk-informed regulation of current and future nuclear plants in the U.S. The Bayesian approach to uncertainty, in which both stochastic and epistemic uncertainties are represented with precise probability distributions, is the standard approach to modeling uncertainties in such quantitative risk assessments. However, there are long-standing criticisms of the Bayesian approach to epistemic uncertainty from many perspectives, and a number of alternative approaches have been proposed. Among these alternatives, the most promising (and most rapidly developing) would appear to be the concept of imprecise probability. In this paper, we employ a performance indicator example to focus the discussion. We first give a short overview of the traditional Bayesian paradigm and review some its controversial aspects, for example, issues with so-called noninformative prior distributions. We then discuss how the imprecise probability approach treats these issues and compare it with two other approaches: sensitivity analysis and hierarchical Bayes modeling. We conclude with some practical implications for risk-informed decision making.

Dana Kelly; Robert Youngblood

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Repetitive Decision Making and the Value of Forecasts in the Cost?Loss Ratio Situation: A Dynamic Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purposes of this paper are to describe a dynamic model for repetitive decision?making in the cost–loss ratio situation and to present some theoretical and numerical results related to the optimal use and economic value of weather forecasts ...

Allan H. Murphy; Richard W. Katz; Robert L. Winkler; Wu-Ron Hsu

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Decision Making and the Value of Forecasts in a Generalized Model of the Cost-Loss Ratio Situation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Meteorologists have devoted considerable attention to studies of the use and value of forecasts in a simple two-action, two-event decision-making problem generally referred to as the cost-loss ratio situation, An N-action, N-event generalization ...

Allan H. Murphy

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

An integrated artificial neural network-genetic algorithm clustering ensemble for performance assessment of decision making units  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study proposes a non-parametric efficiency frontier analysis method based on artificial neural network (ANN) and genetic algorithm clustering ensemble (GACE) for measuring efficiency as a complementary tool for the common techniques of the efficiency ... Keywords: Artificial neural network, Decision making units, Genetic algorithm, Performance assessment

A. Azadeh; M. Saberi; M. Anvari; M. Mohamadi

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Fuzzy multi-criteria decision making in stereovision matching for fish-eye lenses in forest analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a novel stereovision matching approach based on omni-directional images obtained with fish-eye lenses in forest environments. The goal is to obtain a disparity map as a previous step for determining the volume of wood in the imaged ... Keywords: fish-eye stereo vision, fuzzy multi-criteria decision making, omni-directional forest images, stereovision matching

P. J. Herrera; G. Pajares; M. Guijarro; J. J. Ruz; J. M. De La Cruz

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Innovative decision-making methods for the preliminary design and operations of air-cushion and other marine vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ship design is a large-scale, multi-level, complex problem that requires decision-making at every stage of the design process. As such, it requires a great deal of time and resources. The evolution of the process of ship ...

Gougoulidis, Georgios

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Energy-Efficient Cluster Head Selection Scheme Based on Multiple Criteria Decision Making for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy efficiency is an essential issue in the applications of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) all along. Clustering with data aggregation is a significant direction to improve energy efficiency through software. The selection of cluster head (CH) is ... Keywords: Clustering, Hierarchical fuzzy integral, Multiple criteria decision making, Trapezoidal fuzzy AHP, Wireless sensor networks

Teng Gao; Ren Cheng Jin; Jin Yan Song; Tai Bing Xu; Li Ding Wang

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

A distributed multi-model-based Management Information System for simulation and decision-making on construction projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The conceptual development of a Management Information System to support decision making on construction projects across all management levels within the owner and the contractor organizations is introduced. The system is designed as a distributed information ... Keywords: Building information model, Construction management, Interoperability, Multi-model, Ontologies, Process-centric

R. J. Scherer; S. -E. Schapke

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

A new integrated tool for complex decision making: Application to the UK energy sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new integrated tool and decision support framework to approach complex problems resulting from the interaction of many multi-criteria issues. The framework is embedded in an integrated tool called OUTDO (Oxford University Tool for ... Keywords: Decision Support System, Energy and water, IBIS, MCDA

Julian David Hunt; René BañAres-AlcáNtara; David Hanbury

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Designing a project decision making game Pieter W.G. Bots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

farm: an array of wind turbines that generate electrical power. The method we use for problem. The paper focuses in particular on the game design method, which consists of two phases: (1) decision a single choice to be made) or composite (the decision problem may require several choices to be made

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

207

Continuous human cell lines and method of making same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Substantially genetically stable continuous human cell lines derived from normal human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC) and processes for making and using the same. In a preferred embodiment, the cell lines are derived by treating normal human mammary epithelial tissue with a chemical carcinogen such as benzo[a]pyrene. The novel cell lines serve as useful substrates for elucidating the potential effects of a number of toxins, carcinogens and mutagens as well as of the addition of exogenous genetic material. The autogenic parent cells from which the cell lines are derived serve as convenient control samples for testing. The cell lines are not neoplastically transformed, although they have acquired several properties which distinguish them from their normal progenitors.

Stampfer, Martha R. (Oakland, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

THE ROLE OF LAND USE IN ENVIRONMENTAL DECISION MAKING AT THREE DOE MEGA-CLEANUP SITES FERNALD & ROCKY FLATS & MOUND  

SciTech Connect

This paper explores the role that future land use decisions have played in the establishment of cost-effective cleanup objectives and the setting of environmental media cleanup levels for the three major U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites for which cleanup has now been successfully completed: the Rocky Flats, Mound, and Fernald Closure Sites. At each site, there are distinct consensus-building histories throughout the following four phases: (1) the facility shut-down and site investigation phase, which took place at the completion of their Cold War nuclear-material production missions; (2) the decision-making phase, whereby stakeholder and regulatory-agency consensus was achieved for the future land-use-based environmental decisions confronting the sites; (3) the remedy selection phase, whereby appropriate remedial actions were identified to achieve the future land-use-based decisions; and (4) the implementation phase, whereby the selected remedial actions for these high-profile sites were implemented and successfully closed out. At each of the three projects, there were strained relationships and distrust between the local community and the DOE as a result of site contamination and potential health effects to the workers and local residents. To engage citizens and interested stakeholder groups - particularly in the role of final land use in the decision-making process, the site management teams at each respective site developed new public-participation strategies to open stakeholder communication channels with site leadership, technical staff, and the regulatory agencies. This action proved invaluable to the success of the projects and reaching consensus on appropriate levels of cleanup. With the implementation of the cleanup remedies now complete, each of the three DOE sites have become models for future environmental-remediation projects and associated decision making.

JEWETT MA

2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

209

Semi-Structured Decision Processes: A Conceptual Framework for Understanding Human-Automation Decision Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this work is to improve understanding of existing and proposed decision systems, ideally to improve the design of future systems. A "decision system" is defined as a collection of

Kaliardos, William N.

210

Does It Make Sense To Modify Tropical Cyclones? A Decision-Analytic Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent dramatic increases in damages caused by tropical cyclones (TCs) and improved understanding of TC physics have led DHS to fund research on intentional hurricane modification. We present a decision analytic assessment ...

Klima, Kelly

211

Assessing the Value of Frost Forecasts to Orchardists: A Dynamic Decision-Making Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The methodology of decision analysis is used to investigate the economic value of frost (i.e., minimum temperature) forecasts to orchardists. First, the fruit-frost situation and previous studies of the value of minimum temperature forecasts in ...

Richard W. Katz; Allan H. Murphy; Robert L. Winkler

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Mercury Contamination in the Northeastern United States: Science-Based Decision Making About Fish Consumption .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Mercury contamination poses a known threat to human health, yet the degree of contamination and resulting human exposure remains unknown in many regions. Assessments of… (more)

Shayler, Hannah

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Use of Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Results: General Decision Making, the Charleston Earthquake Issue, and Severe Accident Evaluatio ns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI has developed practical criteria and procedures for using probabilistic seismic hazard results in nuclear plant seismic safety decision making. These criteria and procedures provide utility engineers with meaningful tools for resolving a variety of seismic-related regulatory issues that may arise in the operation and management of nuclear power plants. This report illustrates the use of such tools by describing the resolution of the Charleston earthquake issue and Severe Accident Policy concerns wit...

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Designing and implementing a Role-Playing Game: A tool to explain factors, decision making and landscape transformation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we describe a research process on contextual driving factors and decision-making processes used by local actors for land use change in a zone of the Colombian Amazonian frontier. We integrated landscape multi-temporal analysis, Role-Playing ... Keywords: Agent based modeling, Colombian Amazonian frontier, Land use change, Landscape transformations, Multi-temporal analysis, Participatory tools, Role-Playing Game, UML

Manuela Vieira Pak; Daniel Castillo Brieva

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Human-automation collaboration : decision support for lunar and planetary exploration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Balancing task allocation between humans and computers is crucial to the development of effective decision support systems. This thesis investigates the appropriate balance between humans and automation for geospatial path ...

Márquez, Jessica J., 1976-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Earth observations and global change decision making, 1990: A national partnership. Vol. 2  

SciTech Connect

Papers are presented on multispectral sensor technology to monitor global change, the global change master directory, application of the dynamic systems-engineering process to global change initiative data systems, and global change and biodiversity loss. Also considered are rational guidelines for national and international decision about global warming, and the dissemination of global change research data available to educators.

Ginsberg, I.W.; Angelo, J.A. Jr.; (Michigan, Environmental Research Institute, Ann Arbor; Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Modelling decision making in fund raising management by a fuzzy knowledge system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In fund raising management the employment of a decision support system is crucial for optimising the results of fund raising campaigns. However, the current tools based on database technology are not able to suggest suitable fund raising strategies and ... Keywords: Computational methods, Economic modeling, Fund raising management, Fuzzy expert systems, Knowledge based systems

Luca Barzanti; Mauro Gaspari; Davide Saletti

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Water desalination plants performance using fuzzy multi-criteria decision making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Countries which do not have adequate supply of freshwater sources like Kuwait resort to using desalination plants to meet their demand. Kuwait had used Multi-flash desalination (MSF) plants sine the 50's of the last century to satisfy its ever increasing ... Keywords: decision maker, freshwater, multi-effect desalination, multi-stage flash, preference, reverse osmosis

Mohammed A. Hajeeh

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Composite quality of service and decision making perspectives in wireless networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Supporting quality of service (QoS) in wireless networks has been a very rich and interesting area of research. Many significant advances have been made in supporting QoS in single wireless networks. However, the support for the QoS across multiple heterogeneous ... Keywords: Composite quality of service, Decisions, Quality of service

Punit Ahluwalia; Upkar Varshney

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Seismic hazard review for the systematic evaluation program: a use of probability in decision making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document presents the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Geosciences Branch review and recommendations with respect to earthquake ground motion considerations in the Systematic Evaluation Program (SEP) Phases I and II. It evaluates the probabilistic estimates presented in the 5-volume report entitled Seismic Hazard Analysis (NUREG/CR-1582) and compares and modifies them to take into account deterministic estimates. It presents the NRC's Geosciences Branch first approach to utilizing complex state-of-the-art probabilistic studies in an area where probabilistic criteria have not yet been set and where decisions for specific plants have been previously made in a non-probabilistic way.

Reiter, L.; Jackson, R.E.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Optimal Decision Making and the Value of Information in a Time-Dependent Version of the Cost-Loss Ratio Situation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A time-dependent version of the cost-loss ratio situation is described and the optimal use and economic value of meteorological information are investigated in this decision-making problem. The time-dependent situation is motivated by a decision ...

Allan H. Murphy; Qian Ye

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed. SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Joergensen, 1994) in which systems are modeled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

Danuso, Francesco (University of Udine)

2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

223

Immersive VR decision training: telling interactive stories featuring advanced virtual human simulation technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on the premise of a synergy between the interactive storytelling and VR training simulation this paper treats the main issues involved in practical realization of an immersive VR decision training system supporting possibly broad spectrum of scenarios ... Keywords: decision training, immersive VR, interactive storytelling, virtual human simulation

Michal Ponder; Bruno Herbelin; Tom Molet; Sebastien Schertenlieb; Branislav Ulicny; George Papagiannakis; Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann; Daniel Thalmann

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Barnyard politics : a decision rationale representation for the analysis of simple political situations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How can a computational system understand decisions in the domain of politics? In order to build computational systems that understand decisions in the abstract political space, we must first understand human decision-making ...

Shahdadi, Arian, 1980-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Making the Climate a Part of the Human World  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Doubts about the scientific evidence for anthropogenic climate change persist among the general public, particularly in North America, despite overwhelming consensus in the scientific community about the human influence on the climate system. The public ...

Simon D. Donner

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Combining human and machine intelligence for making predictions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An extensive literature in psychology, economics, statistics, operations research and management science has dealt with comparing forecasts based on human-expert judgment vs. (statistical) models in a variety of scenarios, ...

Nagar, Yiftach

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Unrealized Potential: A Review of Perceptions and Use of Weather and Climate Information in Agricultural Decision Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article reviews research on agricultural decision makers’ use and perceptions of weather and climate information and decision support tools (DSTs) conducted in the United States, Australia, and Canada over the past 30 years. Forty–seven ...

Amber Saylor Mase; Linda Stalker Prokopy

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Proposing a decision-making model using analytical hierarchy process and fuzzy expert system for prioritizing industries in installation of combined heat and power systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Restructuring electric power and increasing energy cost encourage large energy consumers to utilize combined heat and power (CHP) systems. In addition to these two factors, the gradual exclusion of subsidies is the third factor intensifying the utilization ... Keywords: Analytic hierarchy process, Combined heat and power, Decision making, Fuzzy expert system, Industry

Mehdi Piltan; Erfan Mehmanchi; S. F. Ghaderi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Web tool for energy policy decision-making through geo-localized LCA models: A focus on offshore wind farms in Northern Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Web tool for energy policy decision-making through geo-localized LCA models: A focus on offshore for 2020. To achieve these objectives, it is necessary for energy policy makers to have a full main objective is to support environ- mental policy regarding wind energy. As a renewable energy source

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

230

The Role of Ground-Truth Reports in the Warning Decision-Making Process during the 3 May 1999 Oklahoma Tornado Outbreak  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the devastating Oklahoma tornado outbreak that began just after 1600 central daylight time (CDT) on 3 May 1999, timely ground-truth reports of severe weather played a critical role in the warning decision-making process at the National ...

Dennis H. McCarthy

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Fusion Power: A Strategic Choice for the Future Energy Provision. Why is So Much Time Wasted for Decision Making?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From a general analysis of the world energy issue, it is argued that an affordable, clean and reliable energy supply will have to consist of a portfolio of primary energy sources, a large fraction of which will be converted to a secondary carrier in large baseload plants. Because of all future uncertainties, it would be irresponsible not to include thermonuclear fusion as one of the future possibilities for electricity generation.The author tries to understand why nuclear-fusion research is not considered of strategic importance by the major world powers. The fusion programs of the USA and Europe are taken as prime examples to illustrate the 'hesitation'. Europe is now advocating a socalled 'fast-track' approach, thereby seemingly abandoning the 'classic' time frame towards fusion that it has projected for many years. The US 'oscillatory' attitude towards ITER in relation to its domestic program is a second case study that is looked at.From the real history of the ITER design and the 'siting' issue, one can try to understand how important fusion is considered by these world powers. Not words are important, but deeds. Fast tracks are nice to talk about, but timely decisions need to be taken and sufficient money is to be provided. More fundamental understanding of fusion plasma physics is important, but in the end, real hardware devices must be constructed to move along the path of power plant implementation.The author tries to make a balance of where fusion power research is at this moment, and where, according to his views, it should be going.

D'haeseleer, William D

2005-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

232

External audit of clinical practice and medical decision making in a new Asian oncology center: Results and implications for both developing and developed nations  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The external audit of oncologist clinical practice is increasingly important because of the incorporation of audits into national maintenance of certification (MOC) programs. However, there are few reports of external audits of oncology practice or decision making. Our institution (The Cancer Institute, Singapore) was asked to externally audit an oncology department in a developing Asian nation, providing a unique opportunity to explore the feasibility of such a process. Methods and Materials: We audited 100 randomly selected patients simulated for radiotherapy in 2003, using a previously reported audit instrument assessing clinical documentation/quality assurance and medical decision making. Results: Clinical documentation/quality assurance, decision making, and overall performance criteria were adequate 74.4%, 88.3%, and 80.2% of the time, respectively. Overall 52.0% of cases received suboptimal management. Multivariate analysis revealed palliative intent was associated with improved documentation/clinical quality assurance (p = 0.07), decision making (p 0.007), overall performance (p = 0.003), and optimal treatment rates (p 0.07); non-small-cell lung cancer or central nervous system primary sites were associated with better decision making (p = 0.001), overall performance (p = 0.03), and optimal treatment rates (p = 0.002). Conclusions: Despite the poor results, the external audit had several benefits. It identified learning needs for future targeting, and the auditor provided facilitating feedback to address systematic errors identified. Our experience was also helpful in refining our national revalidation audit instrument. The feasibility of the external audit supports the consideration of including audit in national MOC programs.

Shakespeare, Thomas P. [North Coast Cancer Institute, Coffs Harbour, Sydney, NSW (Australia) and Cancer Institute (Singapore)]. E-mail: ThomasShakespeare@gmail.com; Back, Michael F. [Cancer Institute (Singapore); Lu, Jiade J. [Cancer Institute (Singapore); Lee, Khai Mun [Cancer Institute (Singapore); Mukherjee, Rahul K. [Cancer Institute (Singapore)

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Simple Inference Heuristics versus Complex Decision Machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: complex algorithms, decision making, deep thought, fast and frugal decisions, simple heuristics

Peter M. Todd

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Planning and decision making about the future care of older group home residents and transition to residential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to residential aged carejir_1297 1..13 C. Bigby,1 B. Bowers2 & R. Webber3 1 School of SocialWork and Social residents and the decisions made that a move to residential aged care was necessary. Methods Grounded to a residential aged care facility was neces- sary were made in haste and seen as a fait accompli to involved

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

235

Simulation modeling for pandemic decision making: A case study with bi-criteria analysis on school closures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pandemic influenza continues to be a national and international public health concern, and has received significant attention worldwide with the A/H1N1 influenza outbreak in 2009. Many countries, including the United States, have developed preparedness ... Keywords: Decision analysis, Pandemic influenza preparedness, School closure, Simulation-modeling

Ozgur M. Araz, Tim Lant, John W. Fowler, Megan Jehn

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

A fuzzy AHP and DEA approach for making bank loan decisions for small and medium enterprises in Taiwan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the competition among financial institutions has become fiercer in Taiwan now, each bank not only provides varied service, but also attracts consumers with low price by all means. However, the derivative problem may unable to be handled by the ... Keywords: Bank loan decisions, Data envelopment analysis, Fuzzy analytic hierarchy process, Small and medium enterprises

Z. H. Che; H. S. Wang; Chih-Ling Chuang

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Decision Superiority Process Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decision superiority is achieved not just by acquiring and assessing the right information, but by translating it into actionable knowledge that can be exploited in the decision making process. Achieving decision superiority is necessary, because the ... Keywords: context-goal alternatives, decision making process, decision superiority, process model

Barbara Sorensen; Azad M. Madni; Carla C. Madni

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Using systems analysis to improve decision making in solving mixed waste problems at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Systems analysis methods and tools have been developed and applied to the problem of selecting treatment technologies for mixed wastes. The approach, which is based on decision analysis, process modeling, and process simulation with a tool developed in-house, provides a one-of-a-kind resource for waste treatment alternatives evaluation and has played a key role in developing mandated treatment plans for Oak Ridge Reservation mixed waste.

Ferrada, J.J.; Welch, T.D.; Osborne-Lee, I.W.; Nehls, J.W. Jr.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Decisions decisions plant vessels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes concepts for a family of plant vessels that help users make decisions or reach goals. The concepts use plants to mark time or answer questions for the user, creating a connection between the user and the individual plant. These concepts ...

Jenny Liang

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

A generic methodology for developing fuzzy decision models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An important paradigm in decision-making models is utility-maximization where most models do not include actors' motives. Fuzzy set theory on the other hand offers a method to simulate human decision-making. However, the literature describing expert-driven ... Keywords: Agriculture, DM, Decision-making, ES, Expert systems, FIS, FLM, FRF, Fuzzy models, HFS, Hierarchical models, IAAS, ICR, MF, TSK, VMD

Roel Bosma; Jan van den Berg; Uzay Kaymak; Henk Udo; Johan Verreth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Human mammary progenitor cell fate decisions are products of interactions with combinatorial microenvironments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In adult tissues, multi-potent progenitor cells are some of the most primitive members of the developmental hierarchies that maintain homeostasis. That progenitors and their more mature progeny share identical genomes, suggests that fate decisions are directed by interactions with extrinsic soluble factors, ECM, and other cells, as well as physical properties of the ECM. To understand regulation of fate decisions, therefore, would require a means of understanding carefully choreographed combinatorial interactions. Here we used microenvironment protein microarrays to functionally identify combinations of cell-extrinsic mammary gland proteins and ECM molecules that imposed specific cell fates on bipotent human mammary progenitor cells. Micropatterned cell culture surfaces were fabricated to distinguish between the instructive effects of cell-cell versus cell-ECM interactions, as well as constellations of signaling molecules; and these were used in conjunction with physiologically relevant 3 dimensional human breast cultures. Both immortalized and primary human breast progenitors were analyzed. We report on the functional ability of those proteins of the mammary gland that maintain quiescence, maintain the progenitor state, and guide progenitor differentiation towards myoepithelial and luminal lineages.

LaBarge, Mark A; Nelson, Celeste M; Villadsen, Rene; Fridriksdottir, Agla; Ruth, Jason R; Stampfer, Martha R; Petersen, Ole W; Bissell, Mina J

2008-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

242

The Use of BIM in Construction for Decision Making: A Case of Irregular-Shaped Steel-Framed Building Construction Project in South Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Building Information Modeling (BIM) is the comprehensive process of developing a computer model of a building project in the phases of designing, analyzing, building, managing, refurbishing and even demolishing the building. Applying BIM to public construction has become an obligation in South Korea. According to the Public Procurement Service in South Korea, the use of BIM has been compulsory on all government projects over $44M since 2012. Moreover, from 2013, the application of BIM will be expanded to all public construction projects over $27.6M. Finally, beginning in 2016, all public construction projects will be required to use BIM. Most research on BIM in South Korea has been focused on developing regulations and policies, application of BIM, solving technical problems, and searching for the value of BIM. However, the use of BIM in Korea during construction for decision-making has not been thoroughly reported in Korea yet. One may be wondering then if BIM is indeed well utilized in Korea during construction for practical decision-making. The objective of this research centers on investigating how a construction company in South Korea is using BIM for its decision making process during ongoing construction phases. For this investigation, a case study method was used. The construction operations on a jobsite in South Korea were monitored June to August in 2012. Field notes were taken to document the decision-making process and information used during field coordination meetings. A total of 36 cases were monitored and recorded. The use of BIM on field was then compared to the industry expectations indicated in the literature. Specifically, the use of BIM for scheduling, estimating, coordination, review of drawings, and tracking for change orders were carefully monitored and compared with the industry expectations as they were addressed in the literature. The results of this research study were mixed. That is, there are not only similarities, but also differences between BIM’s role used for decision making at the construction site, and its expected role described in previous research. The similarities were regarded as minimizing reworking. This factor came to fruition at a construction site by minimizing error, omission in design phases, or congruence in design and construction tasks. These factors could have a positive effect on estimating and scheduling at a construction site. However, use of BIM at a construction site was still limited in reducing repetitive work when 2D drawings were not able to provide enough information to conduct construction. Additionally, even though this study was successful in revealing the connection between the decision making process and the application of BIM at a construction site, the results of the study may not be generalizable to the construction industry as a whole in South Korea. Therefore, further research is needed to ensure its applicability to other construction projects.

Yum, Sang Guk

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

EPA - GUIDE ON CONSULTATION AND COLLABORATION WITH INDIAN TRIBAL GOVERNMENTS AND THE PUBLIC PARTICIPATION OF INDIGENOUS GROUPS AND TRIBAL MEMBERS IN ENVIRONMENTAL DECISION MAKING  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GUIDE ON GUIDE ON CONSULTATION AND COLLABORATION WITH INDIAN TRIBAL GOVERNMENTS AND THE PUBLIC PARTICIPATION OF INDIGENOUS GROUPS AND TRIBAL MEMBERS IN ENVIRONMENTAL DECISION MAKING PREPARED BY THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE ADVISORY COUNCIL INDIGENOUS PEOPLES SUBCOMMITTEE A FEDERAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE TO THE U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE ADVISORY COUNCIL November 22, 2000 Ms. Carol Browner, Administrator U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 401 M Street, SW Washington, DC 20460 RE: Guide on Tribal Consultation and Public Participation Dear Administrator Browner: The Indigenous Peoples Subcommittee, of the National Environmental Justice Advisory Council (NEJAC), created the enclosed "Guide on Consultation and Collaboration with Indian Tribal

244

Can tailoring increase elaboration of health messages delivered via an adaptive educational site on adolescent sexual health and decision making?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tailoring, the development of health messages based on assessment of key psychosocial variables that influence a prescribed behavior, has been gaining ground as an effective health education approach. The efficacy of this approach is based on the assumption ... Keywords: human computer interaction, information processing

Juliann Cortese; Mia Liza A. Lustria

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Roadmapping Process Improvements by Experience at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory High Level Waste Program and Synergistic Interfaces with Decision-Making  

SciTech Connect

Six technology roadmaps were developed for various technologies under consideration for the treatment of sodium bearing liquid and calcine wastes. In the process of creating these roadmaps, a number of process improvements were identified for each of the formal roadmapping phases as described in the Department of Energy’s draft roadmapping guidance. The lessons learned, presented as beneficial improvements to the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) High Level Waste Program, are proposed to be added to the draft guidance. Additionally, synergistic interfaces between the roadmapping and decision-making processes were observed and reported on. With these improvements, technology roadmapping has become an effective integration tool at the INEEL for planning technology development.

Murphy, James Anthony; Olson, Arlin Leland

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Tracing early breccia pipe studies, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, southeastern New Mexico: A study of the documentation available and decision-making during the early years of WIPP  

SciTech Connect

Breccia pipes in southeastern New Mexico are local dissolution-collapse features that formed over the Capitan reef more than 500,000 years ago. During early site studies for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), the threat to isolation by these features was undetermined. Geophysical techniques, drilling, and field mapping were used beginning in 1976 to study breccia pipes. None were found at the WIPP site, and they are considered unlikely to be a significant threat even if undetected. WIPP documents related to breccia pipe studies were assembled, inspected, and analyzed, partly to present a history of these studies. The main objective is to assess how well the record reflects the purposes, results, and conclusions of the studies from concept to decision-making. The main record source was the Sandia WIPP Central File (SWCF). Early records (about 1975 to 1977) are very limited, however, about details of objectives and plans predating any investigation. Drilling programs from about 1977 were covered by a broadly standardized statement of work, field operations plan, drilling history, and basic data report. Generally standardized procedures for peer, management, and quality assurance review were developed during this time. Agencies such as the USGS conducted projects according to internal standards. Records of detailed actions for individual programs may not be available, though a variety of such records were found in the SWCF. A complete written record cannot be reconstructed. With persistence, a professional geologist can follow individual programs, relate data to objectives (even if implied), and determine how conclusions were used in decision-making. 83 refs.

Power, D.W. [HC 12, Anthony, TX (United States)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Essays in behavioral decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Essay 1: Zero as a Special Price: the True Value of Free Products. When faced with a choice of selecting one of several available products (or possibly buying nothing), according to standard theoretical perspectives, people ...

Shampanier, Kristina S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Investigation of Public Discourse Methods in Energy Policy Decision-Making: A Summary of What You Told Us and What We Learned  

SciTech Connect

The ground is littered with projects that failed because of strong public opposition, including natural gas and coal power plants proposed in Idaho over the past several years. This joint project , of the Idaho National Laboratory, Boise State University, Idaho State University and University of Idaho has aimed to add to the tool box to reduce project risk through encouraging the public to engage in more critical thought and be more actively involved in public or social issues. Early in a project, project managers and decision-makers can talk with no one, pro and con stakeholder groups, or members of the public. Experience has shown that talking with no one outside of the project incurs high risk because opposition stakeholders have many means to stop most (if not all) energy projects. Talking with organized stakeholder groups provides some risk reduction from mutual learning, but organized groups tend not to change positions except under conditions of a negotiated settlement. Achieving a negotiated settlement may be impossible. Furthermore, opposition often arises outside pre-existing groups. Standard public polling provides some information but does not reveal underlying motivations, intensity of attitudes, etc. Improved methods are needed that probe deeper into stakeholder (organized groups and members of the public) values and beliefs (sometimes called /heuristics) to increase the potential for change of opinions and/or out-of-box solutions. The term “heuristics” refers to the mental short-cuts, underlying beliefs, and paradigms that everyone uses to filter and interpret information, to interpret what is around us, and to guide our actions and decisions. This document is the final report of a 3-year effort to test different public discourse methods in the subject area of energy policy decision-making. We analyzed 504 mail-in surveys and 80 participants in groups on the Boise State University campus for their preference, financial support, and evaluations of eight attributes for energy conservation and efficiency, fossil fuels, nuclear energy, hydropower, and renewable energy. All participants saw a 7-person diverse energy expert panel. Some participants attended deliberation sessions; some received a 35-page briefing document that included pros and cons of the different energy options.

Analysis Team; Eileen DeShazo; John Freemuth; Tina Giannini; Troy Hall; Ann Hunter; Jeffrey C. Joe; Michael Louis; Carole Nemnich; Jennie Newman; Steven J. Piet; Stephen Sorensen; Paulina Starkey; Kendella Vogt; Patrick Wilson

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Estimated general population control limits for unitary agents in drinking water, milk, soil, and unprocessed food items. For use in reentry decision-making  

SciTech Connect

In the event of an unplanned release of chemical agent during any stage of the Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program (CSDP), the potential exists for contamination of drinking water, forage crops, grains, garden produce, and livestock. Persistent agents such as VX or sulfur mustard pose the greatest human health concern for reentry. This White Paper has been prepared to provide technical bases for these decisions by developing working estimates of agent control limits in selected environmental media considered principal sources of potential human exposure. To date, control limits for public exposure to unitary agents have been established for atmospheric concentrations only. The current analysis builds on previous work to calculate working estimates of control limits for ingestion and dermal exposure to potentially contaminated drinking water, milk, soil, and unprocessed food items such as garden produce. Information characterizing agent desorption from, and detection on or in, contaminated porous media are presently too developed to permit reasonable estimation of dermal exposure from this source. Thus, dermal contact with potentially contaminated porous surfaces is not considered in this document.

Watson, A.P.; Adams, J.D.; Cerar, R.J.; Hess, T.L.; Kistner, S.L.; Leffingwell, S.S.; MacIntosh, R.G.; Ward, J.R.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Groundwater modeling: Application of a multiphase fluid flow model as a decision-making tool for assessing and remediating installation restoration program sites. Master's thesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research examined a two-dimensional numerical model, VALOR, which can simulate multiphase fluid flow in soils and groundwater, and evaluated the applicability of the model as a decision-making tool for assessing and remediating IRP sites. Model sensitivity analyses were conducted to study the influence of grid sizes, soil types, and organic release rates on the simulated migration of both light and dense non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPLs). The VALOR model was applied to a case study of a JP-4 release at Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio. The finer grid sizes provide the most accurate definition of NAPL distribution. The soil type and release rate sensitivity analyses demonstrate that NAPL migrates quicker through coarse sands than fine sand and clay. The light NAPL ponds at the water table and spreads laterally. The dense NAPL migrates through the subsurface and ponds at the aquifer bottom. The fast organic release simulations predict wider vertical pathways of migration. The slow organic release simulations predict higher light NAPL saturation at the water table. The case study indicates that within limits, VALOR may be useful for assessing NAPL distribution, estimating contaminated soil volumes, and evaluating remediation alternatives.... Groundwater modeling, Non-aqueous Phase Liquids: NAPL, Multiphase fluid flow model, Installation Restoration Program, IRP.

Scott, D.J.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Ideas and methods for modeling 3D human figures: the principal algorithms used by MakeHuman and their implementation in a new approach to parametric modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper briefly presents the basic algorithms used by MakeHuman and their application in a new context from the point of view of the relationship between artist and computer. The problem we posed is the development of a valid tool specifically designed ... Keywords: 3D human, 3d model, 3d modelling, ACM proceedings

Manuel Bastioni; Simone Re; Shakti Misra

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Decision insight into stakeholder conflict for ERN.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Participatory modeling has become an important tool in facilitating resource decision making and dispute resolution. Approaches to modeling that are commonly used in this context often do not adequately account for important human factors. Current techniques provide insights into how certain human activities and variables affect resource outcomes; however, they do not directly simulate the complex variables that shape how, why, and under what conditions different human agents behave in ways that affect resources and human interactions related to them. Current approaches also do not adequately reveal how the effects of individual decisions scale up to have systemic level effects in complex resource systems. This lack of integration prevents the development of more robust models to support decision making and dispute resolution processes. Development of integrated tools is further hampered by the fact that collection of primary data for decision-making modeling is costly and time consuming. This project seeks to develop a new approach to resource modeling that incorporates both technical and behavioral modeling techniques into a single decision-making architecture. The modeling platform is enhanced by use of traditional and advanced processes and tools for expedited data capture. Specific objectives of the project are: (1) Develop a proof of concept for a new technical approach to resource modeling that combines the computational techniques of system dynamics and agent based modeling, (2) Develop an iterative, participatory modeling process supported with traditional and advance data capture techniques that may be utilized to facilitate decision making, dispute resolution, and collaborative learning processes, and (3) Examine potential applications of this technology and process. The development of this decision support architecture included both the engineering of the technology and the development of a participatory method to build and apply the technology. Stakeholder interaction with the model and associated data capture was facilitated through two very different modes of engagement, one a standard interface involving radio buttons, slider bars, graphs and plots, while the other utilized an immersive serious gaming interface. The decision support architecture developed through this project was piloted in the Middle Rio Grande Basin to examine how these tools might be utilized to promote enhanced understanding and decision-making in the context of complex water resource management issues. Potential applications of this architecture and its capacity to lead to enhanced understanding and decision-making was assessed through qualitative interviews with study participants who represented key stakeholders in the basin.

Siirola, John; Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Benz, Zachary O.; Stansbury, Melanie; Richards, Elizabeth H.; Turnley, Jessica Glicken (Galisteo Consulting); Warrender, Christina E.; Morrow, James Dan

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Use of a Data-Linked Weather Information Display and Effects on Pilot Navigation Decision Making in a Piloted Simulation Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study provides recommendations to the FAA and to prospective manufacturers based on an exploration of the effects of data link weather displays upon pilot decision performance. An experiment was conducted with twenty-four current instrument rated ...

Yuchnovicz Daniel E.; Novacek Paul F.; Burgess Malcolm A.; Heck Michael L.; Stokes Alan F.

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Efficient Transportation Decision Public Web Site: Bridging the Gap Between Transportation Planning and the Public  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for accomplishing transportation planning and projectprocess – the Efficient Transportation Decision Making (Process - is to make transportation decisions more quickly

Roaza, Ruth

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Human-machine interactions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Digital technology utilizing a cognitive model based on human naturalistic decision-making processes, including pattern recognition and episodic memory, can reduce the dependency of human-machine interactions on the abilities of a human user and can enable a machine to more closely emulate human-like responses. Such a cognitive model can enable digital technology to use cognitive capacities fundamental to human-like communication and cooperation to interact with humans.

Forsythe, J. Chris (Sandia Park, NM); Xavier, Patrick G. (Albuquerque, NM); Abbott, Robert G. (Albuquerque, NM); Brannon, Nathan G. (Albuquerque, NM); Bernard, Michael L. (Tijeras, NM); Speed, Ann E. (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

256

Technology and architecture : informing investment decisions for the future of human space exploration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NASA's detailed programmatic goals, system architectures, and mission designs for future human spaceflight beyond Earth orbit remain unspecified. Given this uncertainty, it is not clear exactly which technologies are ...

Battat, Jonathan Alexander

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

A Framework for Improving Building Operating Decisions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to develop a decision analysis tool to help facility managers make proactive energy and maintenance management decisions. The presentation will conclude with an overview of the...

258

Workshop Helps Empower Tribes to Make Renewable Energy Project...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Workshop Helps Empower Tribes to Make Renewable Energy Project Development Decisions Workshop Helps Empower Tribes to Make Renewable Energy Project Development Decisions July 16,...

259

Human-automation interaction for lunar landing aimpoint redesignation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Human-automation interactions are a critical area of research in systems with modem automation. The decision-making portion of tasks presents a special challenge for human-automation interactions because of the many factors ...

Needham, Jennifer M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Trust-based design of human-guided algorithms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By combining the strengths of human and computers, Human Machine Collaborative Decision Making has been shown to generate higher quality solutions in less time than conventional computerized methods. In many cases, it is ...

Thomer, Joseph L. (Joseph Louis)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Decision Support for Retirement Portfolio Management: Overcoming Myopic Loss Aversion via Technology Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As firms continue to abandon pensions in favor of employee-managed retirement plans, tremendous demands are being placed on the decision-making proficiency of future retirees. As reflected in the equity premium puzzle, individual investors tend to hold ... Keywords: decision support systems, decisional guidance, equity premium puzzle, field experiment, human-computer interaction, information horizon, myopic loss aversion, retirement planning, system restrictiveness

Clayton Arlen Looney; Andrew M. Hardin

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Reinforcement learning signals predict future decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The neural basis of human error processing: reinforcementof human anterior cingulate cortex microdomains to errorprediction errors of the model and human ERPs to decision

Cohen, Michael X; Ranganath, Charan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Record of Decision for Amchitka Surface Closure, Alaska  

SciTech Connect

This Record of Decision has been prepared to document the remedial actions taken on Amchitka Island to stabilize contaminants associated with drilling mud pits generated as a result of nuclear testing operations conducted on the island. This document has been prepared in accordance with the recommended outline in the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation guidance on decision documentation under the Site Cleanup Rules (18 AAC 75.325-18 AAC 75.390) (ADEC 1999). It also describes the decision-making process used to establish the remedial action plans and defines the associated human health and ecological risks for the remediation.

None

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Decision Summaries  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

oha/decision-summaries Office of Hearings and Appeals oha/decision-summaries Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC, 20585 202-287-1566 en Summary of Decisions - December 30, 2013 - January 3, 2014 http://energy.gov/oha/articles/summary-decisions-december-30-2013-january-3-2014 decisions-december-30-2013-january-3-2014" class="title-link">Summary of Decisions - December 30, 2013 - January 3, 2014

265

Dam Removal Decisions: Science and Decision-Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is the result of a two-year collaborative effort partially supported by EPRI and managed by the Heinz Center for Science, Economics, and the Environment. Other project supporters included FEMA, the Department of the Interior, the Army Corps of Engineers, and nongovernmental environmental organizations. The report concludes that dams continue to be extremely important to our nation's infrastructure by providing water supply, flood protection, hydroelectric power production, and recreation. How...

2002-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

266

Essays in belief formation and decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observations Games Defended Layup Defended Three Constantfeet, =0 for dunks and 1 for layups Player removed from gameObservations Games Defended Layup Defended Three Constant

Rao, Justin M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Environmental decision making: supply-chain considerations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2. It is seen that the “power generation and supply” sectortool manufacturing. The power generation value, however, iskg are caused by the “power generation and supply” sector.

Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Dornfeld, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Decision Making Consequences of the Paradoxical Flip.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The hard-easy manipulation (i.e., manipulation of item difficulty) has been used to demonstrate that participants are sometimes overconfident while believing they are worse than average.… (more)

Lester, Houston

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Sustainability : driver for decision making in infrastructure.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??With the growing importance of sustainability assessment in the construction industry, many green building rating schemes have been adopted in the building sector of Australia.… (more)

Leong, Siew Neng Franks

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Gender Bias in Negotiators’ Ethical Decision Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Small, D. , & Stayn, H. (2006). Gender differences in theSocial incentives for gender differences in the propensityCambridge University Press. Gender Bias in Ethics Buchan, N.

Kray, Laura

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Brownian motion and multidimensional decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and the analytical ones with the functions that are integrated over. For one dimension, the divergence theorem is equivalent to the fundamental theorem of calculus, and we have that F (b)? F (a) = ? b a f(x) dx, where this holds if f is continuously differentiable... known as a ‘single boundary layer’, and hence the subscript ‘SBL’. The status of single and double boundary layers has remained that of an ansatz, even in more modern handbooks on integral equations, such as [13], [33] or [34]. It is not clear, however...

Lange, Rutger-Jan

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

272

Power Delivery Asset Management Decision Making Process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Asset management processes for electric utility fossil and nuclear generation were formalized and widely used during the 1990s. However, transmission and distribution asset management processes have been slower to evolve because of wide diversity in power delivery organizations, many dimensions of potential value, varying perceptions of value by various stakeholders, the need to accommodate uncertainty, and the need to align the actions of individuals with higher level corporate objectives. Therefore, t...

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

273

Resolving Mismatches in Energy Decision Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sciences Division Argonne National Laboratory Argonne, IL 60439 USA phone: 630-252-5629 email: cirillor Not Foreseen Increased Demand Caused Natural Gas Prices to Rise 9 0 2 4 6 8 Natural Gas Price (US$/ 1000 cu ft Demand and CO2 Emissions 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1980 1990 2000 2010 Gasoline Consumption (106 bbl

Kemner, Ken

274

Using metrics in management decision making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The amount of code in NASA systems has continued to grow over the past 30 years. This growth brings with it the increased risk of system failure caused by software. Thus, managing the risks inherent in software development and maintenance is becoming ...

George Stark; Robert C. Durst; C. W. Vowell

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Initial Risk Analysis and Decision Making Framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Commercialization of new carbon capture simulation initiative (CCSI) technology will include two key elements of risk management, namely, technical risk (will process and plant performance be effective, safe, and reliable) and enterprise risk (can project losses and costs be controlled within the constraints of market demand to maintain profitability and investor confidence). Both of these elements of risk are incorporated into the risk analysis subtask of Task 7. Thus far, this subtask has developed a prototype demonstration tool that quantifies risk based on the expected profitability of expenditures when retrofitting carbon capture technology on a stylized 650 MW pulverized coal electric power generator. The prototype is based on the selection of specific technical and financial factors believed to be important determinants of the expected profitability of carbon capture, subject to uncertainty. The uncertainty surrounding the technical performance and financial variables selected thus far is propagated in a model that calculates the expected profitability of investments in carbon capture and measures risk in terms of variability in expected net returns from these investments. Given the preliminary nature of the results of this prototype, additional work is required to expand the scope of the model to include additional risk factors, additional information on extant and proposed risk factors, the results of a qualitative risk factor elicitation process, and feedback from utilities and other interested parties involved in the carbon capture project. Additional information on proposed distributions of these risk factors will be integrated into a commercial implementation framework for the purpose of a comparative technology investment analysis.

Engel, David W.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Essays in belief formation and decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Utility Functions. Bayesian Inference and Decisionuncorrelated with Bayesian inference. None of these patternsuncorrelated with Bayesian inference. None of these patterns

Rao, Justin M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Decision-making in autism spectrum conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

................................................................................................................................. 24 2.2.2 Design......................................................................................................................................... 25 2.2.3 Data analysis... ..................................................................................................... 35 2.5 Discussion ...................................................................................................................... 36 vi Chapter 3: Materials and methods ............................................................... 39 3...

Luke, Lydia R.

2011-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

278

Meeting Decisions and Documents  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Meeting Notices Meeting Decisions & Documents Production Team Indicators System Coastal Resilience Resources Make Our Science Accessible Link Climate Change & Health Provide Data and Tools Coordinate Internationally Meeting Decisions and Documents Print E-mail This page summarizes the decisions made by the National Climate Assessment Development and Advisory Committee (NCADAC) and the documents the committee has adopted in association with those decisions. The documents and decisions concern the operation of the committee, the content of the synthesis report(s), the sustained assessment process, and other important guidance and responsibilities. The full and official meeting records of the NCADAC are available on a dedicated NOAA page. To view the Federal Register notices announcing the meetings of the NCADAC, please click here.

279

Enhancing Multi-Agent Based Simulation with Human-Agents Interactive Spatial Behaviour  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We are exploring the enhancement of models of agent behaviour with more "human-like" decision making strategies than are presently available. Our motivation is to developed with a view to as the decision analysis and support for electric taxi company under the mission of energy saving and reduction of CO2, in particular car-pool and car-sharing management policies. In order to achieve the object of decision analysis for user, we provide a human-agents interactive spatial behaviour to support user making decision real time. We adopt passenger average waiting time and electric taxi average idle time as the performance measures and decision support fro electric taxi company. Finally, according to the analysis result, we demonstrate that our multi-agent simulation and GUI can help users or companies quickly make a quality and accurate decision to reduce the decision-making cost and time.

Chen, Yee Ming; Shiu, Hung-Ming

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

15.060 Data, Models, and Decisions, Fall 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduces students to the basic tools in using data to make informed management decisions. Covers introductory probability, decision analysis, basic statistics, regression, simulation, linear and nonlinear optimization, ...

Freund, Robert Michael

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Systems analysis of major consumer energy decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

American consumers make a number of decisions that significantly impact their energy use. Some of the most important of these decisions were identified and analyzed for the purpose of including them in a Consumer Energy ...

Sisler, Nicholas Daniel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Decision-Theoretic Troubleshooting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this paper, we develop a diagnostic procedure that not only seeks to identify the most likely causes of a malfunction, but also generates a plan of action for repair. This plan consists of repairing or replacing individual components of a composite device or system, as well as making observations or tests. We and others call this process troubleshooting [3]. Optimal Troubleshooting and Decision Trees

David Heckerman; John S. Breese; Koos Rommelse

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Multi-level decision-based system architecting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decision-based system architecting represents a complex system as a set of interconnected decisions that a .system architect can make about the trade space. Modeling a system using decision-based frameworks allows the ...

Guest, Arthur N. (Arthur Norman)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Evidence and belief in regulatory decisions - Incorporating expected utility into decision modelling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent changes in the assessment and management of risks has had the effect that greater importance has been placed on relationships between individuals and within groups to inform decision making. In this paper, we provide the theoretical underpinning ... Keywords: Decision support, Evidence support logic, Expected utility, Group decision making, Risk, TESLATM, Uncertainty

J. Li; G. J. Davies; G. Kendall; E. Soane; R. Bai; S. A. Rocks; S. J. T. Pollard

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

DSOM (Decision Support for Operations and Maintenance ...  

Summary. Operations and maintenance (O&M) can make or break a business - especially with today's rising energy costs. DSOM® (Decision Support for ...

286

Pricing Decision of Mergers and Acquisitions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the process of M&A, the first thing that both the buyer and seller should to do is making the M&A decision. Such decision depends on the valuation of the target corporation. This paper analyses both buyer and seller's judgements of the target ... Keywords: Mergers and Acquisition, value of the corporation, price decision

Xin-qing Luo

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Decision support for containing pandemic propagation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research addresses complexities inherent in dynamic decision making settings represented by global disasters such as influenza pandemics. By coupling a theoretically grounded Equation-Based Modeling (EBM) approach with more practically nuanced Agent-Based ... Keywords: Dynamic decision making, multiagent simulation, pandemics, public health, resource allocation

Hina Arora; T. S. Raghu; Ajay Vinze

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Make Observations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and public perceptions and preferences, help improve our understanding of risk, vulnerability, resilience, and adaptive capacity. How does USGCRP make observations? USGCRP...

289

Creating and sharing clinical decision support content with Web 2.0: Issues and examples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clinical decision support is a powerful tool for improving healthcare quality and patient safety. However, developing a comprehensive package of decision support interventions is costly and difficult. If used well, Web 2.0 methods may make it easier ... Keywords: Computerized, Cooperative behavior, Decision making, Decision support systems, Decision support techniques, Hospital information systems, Medical records systems, clinical, computer-assisted

Adam Wright; David W. Bates; Blackford Middleton; Tonya Hongsermeier; Vipul Kashyap; Sean M. Thomas; Dean F. Sittig

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Commentary: Clinical decision support: Converging toward an integrated architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Highlights: @? We study the research efforts of Clinical Decision Support for the last twenty years. @? We examine why there are so many definitions and architectures in CDS literature. @? We find that the CDS architectures are coalescing toward an integrated ... Keywords: Clinical decision making, Clinical decision support, Decision support system

Arun Sen; Amarnath Banerjee; Atish P. Sinha; Manish Bansal

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Decision Applications: D, Decision Applications: LANL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Decision Applications Division Systems Engineering and Integration, D-3 Energy and Infrastructure Analysis, D-4 Nuclear Design and Risk Analysis, D-5 Risk Analysis and Decision...

292

Informing design decisions : an approach to corporate building design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is an investigation into design methodologies. How do we, as designers, prepare ourselves for decision making and evaluate our assumptions and decisions? The intent is to employ this information as a basis for ...

Maxwell, Marc A

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Enhancing the systems decision process with flexibility analysis for optimal unmanned aircraft system selection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Systems Engineers often conduct decision analysis in order to provide decision makers with a quantifiable means to make decisions. However, the field of Systems Engineering is often criticized for focusing on processes and ...

Bachmann, Chris H., III (Christopher Henry)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Evaluating capacity and expansion opportunities at tank farm: a decision support system using discrete event simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a discrete event simulation based Decision Support System to evaluate tank farm operations. The Decision Support System was developed in order to reduce capital expenditures and assist in decision making for assessing the impact of ...

Bikram Sharda; Adriana Vazquez

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Artificial Intelligence and Environmental Decision Support Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An effective protection of our environment is largely dependent on the quality of the available information used to make an appropriate decision. Problems arise when the quantities of available information are huge and nonuniform (i.e., coming from many ... Keywords: artificial intelligence, environmental decision support systems, problem solving

U. Cortés; M. Sànchez-Marrè; L. Ceccaroni; I. R-Roda; M. Poch

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

CHAMPION: Intelligent Hierarchical Reasoning Agents for Enhanced Decision Support  

SciTech Connect

We describe the design and development of an advanced reasoning framework employing semantic technologies, organized within a hierarchy of computational reasoning agents that interpret domain specific information. Designed based on an inspirational metaphor of the pattern recognition functions performed by the human neocortex, the CHAMPION reasoning framework represents a new computational modeling approach that derives invariant knowledge representations through memory-prediction belief propagation processes that are driven by formal ontological language specification and semantic technologies. The CHAMPION framework shows promise for enhancing complex decision making in diverse problem domains including cyber security, nonproliferation and energy consumption analysis.

Hohimer, Ryan E.; Greitzer, Frank L.; Noonan, Christine F.; Strasburg, Jana D.

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

297

Supporting multi-criteria decisions based on a hierarchical structure by taking advantage of acquired knowledge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, an approach to decision making is described. It combines a knowledge acquisition technique, a multi-attribute decision making technique, a validation technique and a machine learning algorithm. The suggested system is an extension of a ... Keywords: E-commerce assistant, Hierarchical decision support systems, Knowledge driven decision support systems, Product search assistant

J. J. Castro-Schez; R. Miguel; V. Herrera; J. A. Albusac

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

MARKETS AS AN INFORMATION AGGREGATION MECHANISM FOR DECISION SUPPORT.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? In almost all walks of life, predicting uncertain future events plays an essential role in decision-making processes. However, information related to future events frequently… (more)

Chen, Yiling

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Working with Policy Makers on Their Choices: A Decision Analyst Reminisces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a decision consultant and researcher, I discuss 40 years of working with policy makers on energy, environmental and foreign policy, defense, and other national issues, making heavy use of applied decision theory. I focus attention on decisions with ... Keywords: applications, decision analysis, government, infrastructure decisions, public policy

Rex V. Brown

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Making Histograms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Histograms: Construction, Analysis and Understanding Histograms: Construction, Analysis and Understanding Conservation Laws - Data Analysis Using Graphs - Histograms - Units or Vectors in Particle Physics What is a Histogram? A histogram is "a representation of a frequency distribution by means of rectangles whose widths represent class intervals and whose areas are proportional to the corresponding frequencies." Online Webster's Dictionary Sounds complicated . . . but the concept really is pretty simple. We graph groups of numbers according to how often they appear. Thus if we have the set {1,2,2,3,3,3,3,4,4,5,6}, we can graph them like this: This graph is pretty easy to make and gives us some useful data about the set. For example, the graph peaks at 3, which is also the median and the mode of the set. The mean of the set is 3.27— not far from the peak. The shape of the graph gives us an idea of how the numbers in the set are distributed about the mean: the distribution of this graph is wide compared to size of the peak, indicating that values in the set are only loosely bunched round the mean.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

How do you perceive environmental change? Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping informing stakeholder analysis for environmental policy making and non-market valuation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In spite of considerable progress in our understanding of ecosystem functioning, our ability to design effective and enforceable environmental policies requires a deep understanding of human perceptions and beliefs. In this respect, what is called today ... Keywords: Decision-making, Environmental management, Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping, Non-market valuation, Scenarios

Areti D. Kontogianni; Elpiniki I. Papageorgiou; Christos Tourkolias

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

R:\DECISION\0084.VBZ  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

September 24, 2003 September 24, 2003 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Interlocutory Order Name of Petitioner: Steven F. Collier Date of Filing: June 11, 2003 Case Number: VBZ-0084 This Decision considers an Appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued on May 20, 2003, involving a Complaint filed by Steven F. Collier (Collier or the Complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In his Complaint, Collier claims that Fluor Fernald, Inc. (FFI), the prime contractor operating the DOE's Fernald, Ohio site and his former direct employer, Coleman Research Corporation (CRC), an FFI subcontractor, terminated him in retaliation for making disclosures that are protected under Part 708. The termination came

303

Optimal Decision Stimuli for Risky Choice Experiments: An Adaptive Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Collecting data to discriminate between models of risky choice requires careful selection of decision stimuli. Models of decision making aim to predict decisions across a wide range of possible stimuli, but practical limitations force experimenters to ... Keywords: active learning, choice under risk, experimental design, model discrimination

Daniel R. Cavagnaro; Richard Gonzalez; Jay I. Myung; Mark A. Pitt

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Debiasing investors with decision support systems: An experimental investigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research presents evidence that decision support systems can play an important role in debiasing behaviorally-challenged investors. An empirical study involving 119 participants provides strong evidence for the existence of cognitive biases in investment ... Keywords: Cognitive biases, Decision support systems, Investment decision making

Gokul Bhandari; Khaled Hassanein; Richard Deaves

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Design decision rationale: experiences and steps ahead towards systematic use  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Design decisions crucially influence the success of every software project. While the resulting design is typically documented quite well, the situation is usually different for the underlying rationale and decision-making process. Despite being recognized ... Keywords: ambient intelligence, design decision rationale, software analysis and design, value-based software engineering

Davide Falessi; Martin Becker; Giovanni Cantone

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Ecosystem Services Decision Tree: A Decision-Support Tool for Consideration of Ecosystem Services in the Electric Power Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To support the electric power industry in more structured consideration of ecosystem services, EPRI has developed this “Decision Tree” to determine why, when, and how to consider ecosystem services. EPRI anticipates that this Decision Tree will facilitate more efficient decision-making and action relating to ecosystem services. 

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

307

Fuzzy decision support system for spread mooring system selection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spread mooring systems are associated with high level uncertainties and risks during tanker loading/unloading operations. In addition, the design of such complex systems consists of many subjective and imprecise parameters. Therefore, in the present ... Keywords: AHP, Decision making, Fuzzy multiple attribute decision making, Fuzzy set theory, Spread mooring system, TOPSIS

Ayhan Mentes; Ismail Hakki Helvacioglu

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Geothermal-district-heating assessment model for decision making  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A methodology developed to assess the economic feasibility of district heating for any community in the United States is described. The overall philosophy which has guided its development is the conviction that district heating must be examined on a site-by-site basis. To support this approach, a set of extensive, in-house supporting data bases has been created and useful external data bases with national coverage have been identified. These data bases provide information at a sufficient level of detail to permit a first-cut examination of the district heating potential of a community without requiring outside data collection (allowing a substantial cost and time savings). The results of this blind look at a community permit a rapid, yet adequate estimate of district heating potential, costs, and energy savings. The data utilized in the initial examination can be supplemented or replaced by more detailed information obtained from on-site data collection, if the first results are promising. The fact that the data and methodology are computerized allows many locations within the community, alternate heat sources, ownership options, pipe technologies, etc. to be examined in a short period of time. The structure of the District Heating Model (DHM) (the methodology in computerized form) is described followed by a discussion of the application of the model to Provo, UT.

Reisman, A.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Earth observations and global change decision making, 1989  

SciTech Connect

This book covers: global change databases;; satellite data for climate and global change; reversing the greenhouse effect; hydrological implications of the greenhouse effect; and policy models for global change.

Ginsberg, I.W. (Information Analysis and Exploitation Lab., ERIM, MI (US)); Angelo, J.A. Jr. (Florida Institute of Technology, FL (US))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Robust Decision Making using a Risk-Averse Utility Set  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 17, 2012 ... economics, energy, finance, health care, management, marketing, etc. ... attitudes by providing more information beyond a general classification .... pending on market data and analysis which excludes customers' “subjective” ...

311

Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of production Green - Return on Investment: savings relativeGreen - Intensity: cost or V alue U nit Impact Investment F

Reich-Weiser, Corinne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Information requirements for strategic decision making: energy market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Over the last two decades, the electricity sector has been involved in a challenging restructuring process in which the vertical integrated structure (monopoly) is being… (more)

Gutierrez-alcaraz, Guillermo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

installed to replace hydro power, in terms of GHG emissions.coal-fired power plant or a hydro-power facility. 4. The GHG

Reich-Weiser, Corinne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

The Impact of Calibration Error in Medical Decision Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... an endocrine disorder in which the parathyroid glands secrete too ... other tests), surgery is recommended to remove the enlarged gland(s). Surgery ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

315

Decentralized Decision-making and Protocol Design for Recycled ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and price in certain parts of the supply chain can not been derived due to the lack of data. Instead, we present a ...... in coupled constraint electricity markets.

316

Decision making in the HIV/AIDS supply chain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the first two decades of HIV/AIDS awareness, the U.S. and foreign governments responded slowly to the crisis. In contrast today, as the pandemic continues, initiatives of nonprofit organizations have dramatically ...

Cao, Elaine Phu

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

United States as defined by eGrid . . . Supply chain linearProtection Agency’s eGrid factors provide regionalTables 4.2, 4.3, and 4.4. The eGrid regional codes refer to

Reich-Weiser, Corinne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Deriving Criteria Weights for Health Decision Making: A Brief Tutorial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

? j Health Impact Strategic Alignment Organizational ImpactCriterion Health Impact Strategic Alignment OrganizationalHealth Impact (HI) Strategic Alignment (SA) Organizational

Aragon, Tomas J; Dalnoki-Veress, Ferenc; Shiu, Karen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

An integrated multicriteria decision-making methodology for outsourcing management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, an outsourcer evaluation and management system is developed for a textile company by use of fuzzy goal programming (FGP). At first phase of the methodology, evaluation criteria for the outsourcers and the objectives of the company are ... Keywords: Fuzzy goal programming, Outsourcer management, Outsourcer/supplier selection, PROMETHEE

Ceyhun Araz; Pinar Mizrak Ozfirat; Irem Ozkarahan

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Undergraduate Program Upon making the decision to further your career  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's energy supply and its environmental goals, a major research emphasis will be placed on natural gas necessary for lifelong success. The Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering (PNGE) curric- ulum blends-equipped laboratories within the Department and the University. Undergraduate Objectives Petroleum & Natural Gas

Mohaghegh, Shahab

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Smart customization : making evidence-based environmental decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines the environmental benefits created by the manufacture, distribution, and consumer use of products that are mass customized (MC) or produced "on-demand" and tailored to individual end-user preferences. ...

Chin, Ryan C. C., 1974-

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Risk Based Decision Making Tools for Sewer Infrastructure Management.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Wastewater utilities in the United States face an aging workforce, higher consumer expectations, stricter environmental regulations, security concerns, and an aging infrastructure. As a result,… (more)

Abdel Moteleb, Moustafa

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fact that there is electricity trade between regions, ownlevels of inter-state electricity trade. For all of thesegiven that regional electricity trade and upstream emissions

Reich-Weiser, Corinne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is dependent on electricity distribution efficiencies,losses from electricity distribution are offset. 3. Thedata on electricity production, distribution losses, and “

Reich-Weiser, Corinne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy in the USA likely offsets peak demand, which may bedemand in the evening, which is primarily coal based in the USA.

Reich-Weiser, Corinne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

New computer technology to be applied to decision making process  

SciTech Connect

Much of what is presented here is indicative of our national trends in computing. To review and bring in the international scope at the same time, the following points are enumerated: 1. There are but few new ventures in the competition for the high performance end of the computer market. 2. The competition for the middle range of computers is very great internationally. 3. The number and varieties of minicomputers are growing at a phenomenal rate throughout the world. There is no question but that the number of manufacturers and number of systems built will continue to accelerate for some time to come. 4. In all these systems, because of rapid price decreases, memory size will increase. 5. Software is becoming more complex and will continue to do so. Most systems will be based on existing systems. 6. Peripherals will improve in performance at lower cost, but will remain of the same magnetic variety in large measure. 7. Networks are in'' today and probably will remain so for quite some time in the broad sense of the word. Computer utilities are a long way off---if every they materialize. (LMT)

Fernbach, S.

1973-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with the fact that the electricity industry purchases meat.or indirectly by the electricity industry to produce a kWh.kWh produced by the electricity industry. The three largest

Reich-Weiser, Corinne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

On Decision Making Following an Industrial Energy Audit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A survey of 104 manufacturers has been carried out. Each plant had received an energy audit by an EADC at least 24 months prior to the study. The survey attempted to determine why certain recommendations made in the audit report were not implemented. Several interesting results were obtained. Of most importance is the observation that many of the companies eventually implemented recommendations which were initially rejected. Also, the acceptable simple payback for energy conserving measures varies inversely with yearly energy costs. Finally, a clear correlation between the level of training of plant personnel and the sophistication of solutions to energy problems is clearly demonstrated.

Muller, M. R.; Barnish, T.; Polomski, P. P.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Biological Clustering Method for Logistic Place Decision Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the main tasks in supply chain network is to identify the determination of logistic location. The main factors could influence the selections are costs and profits for the company itself. Most appropriate place is urgently essentials in today ... Keywords: Biologically inspired computing, DNA computing, Determination, Logistic location, Logistic problem, cluster-based

Rohani Binti Abu Bakar; Junzo Watada

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Robust and Data-Driven Optimization: Modern Decision-Making ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

curate values for the system parameters and specific probability distributions for the random variables. ... Building Room 329, Bethlehem, PA 18015, aurelie.thiele

331

Utilization of extended bayesian networks in decision making under uncertainty  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bayesian network tool (called IKE for Integrated Knowledge Engine) has been developed to assess the probability of undesirable events. The tool allows indications and observables from sensors and/or intelligence to feed directly into hypotheses of interest, thus allowing one to quantify the probability and uncertainty of these events resulting from very disparate evidence. For example, the probability that a facility is processing nuclear fuel or assembling a weapon can be assessed by examining the processes required, establishing the observables that should be present, then assembling information from intelligence, sensors and other information sources related to the observables. IKE also has the capability to determine tasking plans, that is, prioritize which observable should be collected next to most quickly ascertain the 'true' state and drive the probability toward 'zero' or 'one.' This optimization capability is called 'evidence marshaling.' One example to be discussed is a denied facility monitoring situation; there is concern that certain process(es) are being executed at the site (due to some intelligence or other data). We will show how additional pieces of evidence will then ascertain with some degree of certainty the likelihood of this process(es) as each piece of evidence is obtained. This example shows how both intelligence and sensor data can be incorporated into the analysis. A second example involves real-time perimeter security. For this demonstration we used seismic, acoustic, and optical sensors linked back to IKE. We show how these sensors identified and assessed the likelihood of 'intruder' versus friendly vehicles.

Van Eeckhout, Edward M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Leishman, Deborah A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gibson, William L [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Bayesian Approach to Decision Making Using Ensemble Weather Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The economic value of ensemble-based weather or climate forecasts is generally assessed by taking the ensembles at “face value.” That is, the forecast probability is estimated as the relative frequency of occurrence of an event among a limited ...

Richard W. Katz; Martin Ehrendorfer

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity GHG factors from the WRI - part II [g-CO 2eq /kWh] Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines

Reich-Weiser, Corinne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Distributed Intelligent Agents for Decision Making at Local Distribute...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(large- scale automated demand response, distribution automation control, and Microgrid control applications). For more information about this seminar, please contact: Peng...

335

Interoperability Checklist for Decision-Makers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In April 2007 the GridWise® Architecture Council published the Introduction to Interoperability and Decision-Maker’s Interoperability Checklist Version 1.0 as a tool to be used by policy makers and executives making smart grid policy or investment decisions. Subsequently there has been a significant amount of additional work on smart grid interoperability by the council and others. This paper summarizes the current efforts of the council to update the checklist to incorporate this subsequent work.

Melton, Ronald B.; Ambrosio, Ron

2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

336

An Advanced Decision Support Tool for Electricity Infrastructure Operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electricity infrastructure, as one of the most critical infrastructures in the U.S., plays an important role in modern societies. Its failure would lead to significant disruption of people’s lives, industry and commercial activities, and result in massive economic losses. Reliable operation of electricity infrastructure is an extremely challenging task because human operators need to consider thousands of possible configurations in near real-time to choose the best option and operate the network effectively. In today’s practice, electricity infrastructure operation is largely based on operators’ experience with very limited real-time decision support, resulting in inadequate management of complex predictions and the inability to anticipate, recognize, and respond to situations caused by human errors, natural disasters, or cyber attacks. Therefore, a systematic approach is needed to manage the complex operational paradigms and choose the best option in a near-real-time manner. This paper proposes an advanced decision support tool for electricity infrastructure operations. The tool has the functions of turning large amount of data into actionable information to help operators monitor power grid status in real time; performing trend analysis to indentify system trend at the regional level or system level to help the operator to foresee and discern emergencies, studying clustering analysis to assist operators to identify the relationships between system configurations and affected assets, and interactively evaluating the alternative remedial actions to aid operators to make effective and timely decisions. This tool can provide significant decision support on electricity infrastructure operations and lead to better reliability in power grids. This paper presents examples with actual electricity infrastructure data to demonstrate the capability of this tool.

Chen, Yousu; Huang, Zhenyu; Wong, Pak C.; Mackey, Patrick S.; Allwardt, Craig H.; Ma, Jian; Greitzer, Frank L.

2010-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

337

Group decision support using Toulmin argument structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the need for sound science, technology, and management assessment relative to environmental policy decision making through an approach that involves a logical structure for evidence, a framed decision-making process, and an environment that encourages group participation. Toulmin-based logic possesses these characteristics and is used as the basis for development of a group decision support system. This system can support several user groups, such as pesticide policy-making experts, who can use the support system to state arguments for or against an important policy issue, and pest management experts, who can use the system to assist in identifying and evaluating alternatives for controlling pests on agricultural commodities. The resulting decision support system assists in improving the clarity of the lines of reasoning used in specific situations; the warrants, grounds, and backings that are used to support claims and specific lines of reasoning; and the contradictions, rebuttals, and arguments surrounding each step in the reasoning process associated with evaluating a claim or counterclaim. Experts and decisions makers with differing views can better understand each other`s thought processes. The net effect is enhanced communications and understanding of the whole picture and, in many cases, consensus on decisions to be taken.

Janssen, T. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)]|[George Mason Univ., Fairfax, VA (United States). School of Information Technology and Engineering; Sage, A.P. [George Mason Univ., Fairfax, VA (United States). School of Information Technology and Engineering

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

338

Grammatical evolution decision trees for trio designs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The detection of gene-gene and gene-interactions in genetic association studies is an important challenge in human genetics. The detection of such interactive models presents a difficult computational and statistical challenge, especially as advances ... Keywords: decision trees, gene-gene interactions, grammatical evolution, human genetics, trio designs

Amanda English; Holly Petruso; Chong Wang

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Multi-Criteria Spatial Decision Support System DECERNS: Application to Land Use Planning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land-use planning and environmental management often requires an implementation of both geoyspatial information analysis and value-driven criteria within the decision-making process. DECERNS Decision Evaluation in Complex Risk Network Systems is a web-based ... Keywords: DECERNS, GIS, Housing Development, Land-Use Planning, MCDA, Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis, Spatial Decision Support System, WebSDSS

B. Yatsalo; V. Didenko; A. Tkachuk; G. Gritsyuk; O. Mirzeabasov; V. Slipenkaya; A. Babutski; I. Pichugina; T. Sullivan; I. Linkov

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Modeling Paradigms for Medical Diagnostic Decision Support: A Survey and Future Directions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Use of computer based decision tools to aid clinical decision making, has been a primary goal of research in biomedical informatics. Research in the last five decades has led to the development of Medical Decision Support (MDS) applications using a variety ... Keywords: Clinical decision support, Computer aided, Medical diagnosis, Modeling

Kavishwar B. Wagholikar; Vijayraghavan Sundararajan; Ashok W. Deshpande

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Survey software: a data collection tool based on the principles of the decision board analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2002 the Criminal Records Bureau (CRB) was established in the United Kingdom to help ensure safer recruitment decisions could be made for posts involving vulnerable persons. Specifically, the CRB may be utilised to facilitate safer recruitment decision-making ... Keywords: computerised survey software, criminal records bureau, data collection, decision-making, vulnerability

Nageen Mustafa; Paul Kingston; Kamran Ahsan

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Risk decision analysis in emergency response: A method based on cumulative prospect theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emergency response of a disaster is generally a risk decision-making problem with multiple states. In emergency response analysis, it is necessary to consider decision-maker's (DM's) psychological behavior such as reference dependence, loss aversion ... Keywords: Cumulative prospect theory (CPT), Emergency response, Ranking, Risk decision-making

Yang Liu, Zhi-Ping Fan, Yao Zhang

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

NREL-Decision-Support Tools Demonstration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL-Decision-Support Tools Demonstration NREL-Decision-Support Tools Demonstration Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Decision-Support Tools Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Software/modeling tools, Presentation, Training materials Website: prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com//w/images/2/29/WIRE Decision-Support Tools Screenshot References: Decision-Support Tools [1] Logo: Decision-Support Tools "This is a short demonstration of three decision-support tools: GsT, HOMER, and JEDI. These tools can be used to make informed decisions regarding the application of renewable energy technologies." Summary

344

Search by Make  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

You are here: Find a Car - Home > Search by Make Search by Make Search by Make Go Browse New Cars by Make A-D Acura Acura Audi Audi BMW BMW Buick Buick Cadillac Cadillac Chevrolet...

345

Incorporating Hurricane Forecast Uncertainty into a Decision Support Application for Power Outage Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A variety of decision-support systems, such as those employed by energy and utility companies, use the National Hurricane Center (NHC) forecasts of track and intensity to inform operational decision-making as a hurricane approaches. Track and intensity ...

Steven M. Quiring; Andrea B. Schumacher; Seth D. Guikema

346

The strategic use of an information system in supporting architectural design decisions for a design firm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is to illustrate how a computer-based information system for supporting decision making, that is a Decision Support System (DSS), can be utilized as a strategic tool in architectural design for a firm. The ...

Liu, Lu, M.S. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

COMMENTARY Making sustainability work  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Today’s economic theory usually neglects the role of nature and environment. To make sustainability work it is, however, essential to (re-)integrate nature into the standard concepts of economics, especially by incorporating natural factors into the production function. It must be acknowledged that economic growth is not (only) the result of technical change but is mainly caused by rising energy-inputs into the economy, and that this is necessarily followed by resource exhaustion and pollution. Therefore, nature must not only be taken into account as a central factor of production but also in the form of environmental quality which is the basis for human quality of life. A numeric example shows that a small, but steady decrease of yearly resource consumption is already apt to redirect the economy on a path of sustainable development. © 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Sustainable development; Economic theory of production; Economic growth; Technical change; Non-renewable resources

Hans Christoph Binswanger

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Environmental Decision Analysis: Meeting the Challenges of Making Good Decisions at CALFED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mount J. , Twiss, R. 2004. Subsidence, Sea-Level Rise, andseismic activity and subsidence influ- ence levee integrity,impacts levee integrity, subsidence, salinity and water year

Tomkins, Claire D

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Software: Sprinkler Use Decisioning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Sprinkler Use Decisioning is a Web-tool designed to facilitate economic analysis of residential fire sprinklers at the homeowner-and community ...

2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

350

Using Risk Management as Input to Operational Decisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents how most of plants in the fossil power industry that were reviewed make decisions that affect the risk involved in operational decisions. The report also gives guidance for a formal process that can be used to more consistently identify and manage risk. The risks include day to day operating activities plus testing and decisions on maintenance of equipment both routine and emergent. Some of these risks are taken frequently and some are only taken occasionally. The consequences of ta...

2005-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

351

Demonstration of Decision Tool for Screening Eight Distribution Poles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report updates the previously developed Poles Decision Tool (PDT) and demonstrates its use for eight distribution poles. The completed decision tool permits utilities to evaluate distribution pole options using 26 criteria divided between three evaluation groups for engineering/technical performance, life cycle cost/economics, and environmental profile. The decision tool allows utilities to make a comprehensive evaluation of distribution pole options in an organized and semi-quantitative fashion acr...

2008-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

352

SANDS: A service-oriented architecture for clinical decision support in a National Health Information Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe and evaluate a new distributed architecture for clinical decision support called SANDS (Service-oriented Architecture for NHIN Decision Support), which leverages current health information exchange efforts and is based on the ... Keywords: Clinical decision making, Computer communication networks/standards, Computer-assisted decision support techniques, Computerized decision support systems, Hospital information systems, Information systems/organization & administration/standards, Medical records systems, Systems integration

Adam Wright; Dean F. Sittig

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

RETScreen International Clean Energy Decision Support Centre | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RETScreen International Clean Energy Decision Support Centre RETScreen International Clean Energy Decision Support Centre Jump to: navigation, search Logo: RETScreen International Clean Energy Decision Support Centre Name RETScreen International Clean Energy Decision Support Centre Agency/Company /Organization Natural Resources Canada Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Pathways analysis Website http://www.retscreen.net/ang/h References Centre Overview [1] This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. "The RETScreen International Clean Energy Decision Support Centre seeks to build the capacity of planners, decision-makers and industry to implement renewable energy, cogeneration and energy efficiency projects. This objective is achieved by: developing decision-making tools (i.e. RETScreen

354

Deletion discussions in Wikipedia: decision factors and outcomes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Deletion of articles is a common process in Wikipedia, in order to ensure the overall quality of the encyclopedia. Yet, there is a need to better understand the procedures in order to promote the best decisions without unnecessary community work. In ... Keywords: Wikipedia, articles for deletion, collaboration and conflict, decision-making, factors analysis, novices, online argumentation, values

Jodi Schneider; Alexandre Passant; Stefan Decker

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

An early decision algorithm to accelerate web content filtering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-time content analysis can be a bottleneck in Web filtering This work presents a simple, but effective early decision algorithm to accelerate the filtering process by examining only part of the Web content The algorithm can make the filtering decision, ...

Po-Ching Lin; Ming-Dao Liu; Ying-Dar Lin; Yuan-Cheng Lai

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Contents of Climate Predictions Desired by Agricultural Decision Makers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In-depth interviews with 27 executives in various agribusiness defined usage and needs for climate predictions. Predictions are acquired from various public and private sources but are seldom used in making major decision. Users exhibited little ...

Stanley A. Changnon

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Including costs of supply chain risk in strategic sourcing decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cost evaluations do not always include the costs associated with risks when organizations make strategic sourcing decisions. This research was conducted to establish and quantify the impact of risks and risk-related costs ...

Jain, Avani

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Theory decision by decomposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The topic of this article is decision procedures for satisfiability modulo theories (SMT) of arbitrary quantifier-free formulae. We propose an approach that decomposes the formula in such a way that its definitional part, including the theory, can be ... Keywords: Automated theorem proving: Rewriting, superposition, paramodulation, Satisfiability modulo theories: Decision procedures, combination of theories

Maria Paola Bonacina; Mnacho Echenim

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Decision Summaries | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Decision Summaries Decision Summaries Decision Summaries RSS January 16, 2014 Summary of Decisions - December 30, 2013 - January 3, 2014 Decisions were issued on: - Privacy Act Appeal January 10, 2014 Summary of Decisions - MM DD YYYY - MM DD YYYY Decisions were issued on: - Personnel Security (10 CFR Part 710) December 27, 2013 Summary of Decisions - December 23, 2013 - December 27, 2013 Decisions were issued on: - Freedom of Information Act Appeal - Personnel Security (10 CFR Part 710) December 20, 2013 Summary of Decisions - December 16, 2013 - December 20, 2013 Decisions were issued on: - Freedom of Information Act Appeal - Personnel Security (10 CFR Part 710) December 13, 2013 Summary of Decisions - December 9, 2013 - December 13, 2013 Decisions were issued on: - Freedom of Information Act Appeal

360

DOE O 221.3A, Establishment of Management Decisions on Office of Inspector General Reports  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The order establishes the responsibilities and requirements for Department of Energy elements to make management decisions on Office of Inspector General ...

2008-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Decision tree module within decision support simulation system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decision trees are one of the most easy to use tools in decision analysis. Problems where decision tree branches are based on random variables have not received much attention. This paper introduces a successful application of a Special Purpose Simulation ...

Mohamed Moussa; Janaka Y. Ruwanpura; George Jergeas

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Emerging M&S challenges for human, social, cultural, and behavioral modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The discipline of Modeling and Simulation (M&S) is ubiquitous in many domains, such as training and education, support of decision-making, or analysis of potential developments. In particular the armed forces apply M&S extensively and enable pioneering ... Keywords: behavioral modeling, cultural modeling, human modeling, social modeling

Dr. Andreas Tolk

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Why Markets Make Mistakes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many models of markets are based on assumptions of rationality, transparency, efficiency, and homogeneity in various combinations. They assume, at least implicitly, that decision makers understand the structure of the ...

Weil, Henry Birdseye

2009-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

364

An optimization-model-based interactive decision support system for regional energy management systems planning under uncertainty  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, an interactive decision support system (UREM-IDSS) has been developed based on an inexact optimization model (UREM, University of Regina Energy Model) to aid decision makers in planning energy management systems. Optimization modeling, ... Keywords: Decision making, Energy management systems, Green house gas, Interactive decision support system, Optimization, Sustainable development, Uncertainty

Y. P. Cai; G. H. Huang; Q. G. Lin; X. H. Nie; Q. Tan

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

NPV-based decision support in multi-objective design using evolutionary algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optimum design problems are frequently formulated using a single excellence criterion (minimum mass or similar) with evolutionary algorithms engaged as decision-support tools. Alternatively, multi-objective formulations are used with a posteriori decision-making ... Keywords: Decision support, Design optimization, Multi-layer sandwich plates, Multi-objective, Net Present Value

Damir Vu?ina; eljan Lozina; Frane Vlak

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

R:\DECISION\0061.VBA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2003 2003 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Appeal Name of Petitioner: Bernard Cowan Date of Filing: July 18, 2002 Case Number: VBA-0061 On July 18, 2002, Argonne National Laboratory-West ("ANL" or "the contractor") filed an appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued by an Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Hearing Officer under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 CFR Part 708. Bernard Cowan, 28 DOE ¶ 87,023 (2002). The IAD found that the contractor retaliated against Bernard Cowan ("Cowan" or "the complainant"), an employee at ANL, for making disclosures protected under Part 708. The IAD ordered the contractor to reinstate Cowan, provide him with back pay, and reimburse him for the reasonable costs and expenses of prosecuting his

367

Plutonium-238 Transuranic Waste Decision Analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Five transuranic (TRU) waste sites in the Department of Energy (DOE) complex, collectively, have more than 2,100 cubic meters of Plutonium-238 (Pu-238) TRU waste that exceed the wattage restrictions of the Transuranic Package Transporter-II (TRUPACT-11). The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is being developed by the DOE as a repository for TRU waste. With the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) opening in 1999, these sites are faced with a need to develop waste management practices that will enable the transportation of Pu-238 TRU waste to WIPP for disposal. This paper describes a decision analysis that provided a logical framework for addressing the Pu-238 TRU waste issue. The insights that can be gained by performing a formalized decision analysis are multifold. First and foremost, the very process. of formulating a decision tree forces the decision maker into structured, logical thinking where alternatives can be evaluated one against the other using a uniform set of criteria. In the process of developing the decision tree for transportation of Pu-238 TRU waste, several alternatives were eliminated and the logical order for decision making was discovered. Moreover, the key areas of uncertainty for proposed alternatives were identified and quantified. The decision analysis showed that the DOE can employ a combination approach where they will (1) use headspace gas analyses to show that a fraction of the Pu-238 TRU waste drums are no longer generating hydrogen gas and can be shipped to WIPP ''as-is'', (2) use drums and bags with advanced filter systems to repackage Pu-238 TRU waste drums that are still generating hydrogen, and (3) add hydrogen getter materials to the inner containment vessel of the TRUPACT-11to relieve the build-up of hydrogen gas during transportation of the Pu-238 TRU waste drums.

Brown, Mike; Lechel, David J.; Leigh, C.D.

1999-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

368

Making VRML Accessible  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Paper - Making VRML Accessible for People with Disabilities by Sandy Ressler and Qiming Wang to Appear in Proceeding of ASSETS 98. ...

369

Fan Energy Savings Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Axial fans are used for thousands of industrial applications consuming millions of kilowatts daily. The decision that saves dollars is to either automatically change fan speed or change blade pitch to save up to 50 percent of consumed power over a fixed pitch, constant speed fan. A discussion of the merits of each type is presented with actual test results.

Monroe, R. C.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Methods Of Making Pyrrolidones  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides methods for making N-methylpyrrolidine and analogous compounds via hydrogenation. Novel catalysts for this process, and novel conditions/yields are also described. Other process improvements may include extraction and hydrolysis steps. Some preferred reactions take place in the aqueous phase. Starting materials for making N-methylpyrrolidine may include succinic acid, N-methylsuccinimide, and their analogs.

Werpy, Todd (West Richland, WA); Frye, Jr., John G. (Richland, WA); Wang, Yong (Richland, WA); Zacher, Alan H. (Kennewick, WA)

2003-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

371

EIS-0286: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Record of Decision Record of Decision EIS-0286: Record of Decision Solid Waste Program, Hanford Site, Richland, WA: Storage and Treatment of Low-Level Waste and Mixed Low-Level Waste; Disposal of Low-Level Waste and Mixed Low-Level Waste, and Storage, Processing, and Certification of Transuranic Waste for Shipment to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is making decisions regarding low-level radioactive waste (LLW), mixed low-level waste (MLLW), which contains both radioactive and chemically hazardous components, and transuranic (TRU) waste (including mixed TRU waste) at the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State. Record of Decision for the Solid Waste Program, Hanford Site, Richland, WA: Storage and Treatment of Low-Level Waste and Mixed Low-Level Waste;

372

EIS-0161: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Record of Decision Record of Decision EIS-0161: Record of Decision Tritium Supply and Recycling The Department of Energy (DOE) is issuing this Record of Decision regarding DOE's proposal for Tritium Supply and Recycling Facilities. The Department is making three simultaneous decisions. First, the Department will pursue a dual track on the two most promising tritium supply alternatives: to initiate purchase of an existing commercial reactor (operating or partially complete) or irradiation services with an option to purchase the reactor for conversion to a defense facility; and to design, build, and test critical components of an accelerator system for tritium production. Within a three-year period, the Department would select one of the tracks to serve as the primary source of tritium.

373

High level waste interim storge architecture selection - decision report  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has embarked upon a course to acquire Hanford Site tank waste treatment and immobilization services using privatized facilities (RL 1996a). This plan contains a two-phased approach. Phase I is a proof-of-principle/connnercial demonstration- scale effort and Phase II is a fiill-scale production effort. In accordance with the planned approach, interim storage and disposal of various products from privatized facilities are to be DOE fumished. The high-level waste (BLW) interim storage options, or alternative architectures, were identified and evaluated to provide the framework from which to select the most viable method of Phase I BLW interim storage (Calmus 1996). This evaluation, hereafter referred to as the Alternative Architecture Evaluation, was performed to established performance and risk criteria (technical merit, cost, schedule, etc.). Based on evaluation results, preliminary architectures and path forward reconunendations were provided for consideration in the architecture decision- maldng process. The decision-making process used for selection of a Phase I solidified BLW interim storage architecture was conducted in accordance with an approved Decision Plan (see the attachment). This decision process was based on TSEP-07,Decision Management Procedure (WHC 1995). The established decision process entailed a Decision Board, consisting of Westinghouse Hanford Company (VY`HC) management staff, and included appointment of a VTHC Decision Maker. The Alternative Architecture Evaluation results and preliminary recommendations were presented to the Decision Board members for their consideration in the decision-making process. The Alternative Architecture Evaluation was prepared and issued before issuance of @C-IP- 123 1, Alternatives Generation and Analysis Procedure (WI-IC 1996a), but was deemed by the Board to fully meet the intent of WHC-IP-1231. The Decision Board members concurred with the bulk of the Alternative Architecture Evaluation results and recommendations. However, the Board required changes to some criteria definitions and weightings in establishing its own recommendation basis. This report documents information presented to the Decision Board, and the Decision Board`s recommendations and basis for these recommendations. The Board`s recommendations were fully adopted by the WHC Decision Maker, R. J. Murkowski, Manager, TWRS Storage and Disposal. The Decision Board`s recommendation is as follows. The Phase I BLW Interim storage concept architecture will use Vaults 2 and 3 of the Hanford Site Spent Nuclear Fuel Canister Storage Building, being located in the Hanford Site 200 East Area, and include features to faciliate addition of one or more vaults at a later date.

Calmus, R.B.

1996-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

374

DECISION AND ORDER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, 2004 , 2004 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Decision of the Director Name of Petitioner: Charles L. Evans Date of Filing: May 17, 2004 Case Number: TBU-0026 Charles Evans, a former employee of Fluor Hanford Inc. (Fluor), a Department of Energy (DOE) contractor, appeals the DOE Richland Operations Office=s (Richland) dismissal of the whistleblower complaint he filed against Fluor under 10 C.F.R. Part 708, the DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program. I. BACKGROUND A. The DOE=s Contractor Employee Protection Program The DOE=s Contractor Employee Protection Program was established to safeguard Apublic and employee health and safety; ensur[e] compliance with applicable laws, rules, and regulations; and prevent[] fraud, mismanagement, waste and abuse@ at DOE=s government-owned, contractor-operated facilities. 57 Fed. Reg.

375

Models in Decision Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Any statistical analysis or decision analysis contains numerical inputs of which we are unsure. Some of our uncertainty arises from physical randomness which we can model in various ways, ideally through probability. Some relates to judgmental estimates of qualities about which we may be unsure in many different respects. There are other uncertainties involved, however: some relates to ambiguity and imprecision of meaning; some relate to lack of clarity in the objectives which the analysis seeks to meet; some relate to the numerical accuracy of calculations. Suppose, for instance, that we need to consider the probability of a conservative government being returned at the next election. The probability, a subjective probability, itself is a number that the statistician or decision maker has to judge. In some ways it may be related to 'hard' data, but there will always be an element of judgement in setting its value. But one might also ask: what is meant by a 'conservative' government; ...

Simon French

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Enabling effective product launch decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present work looks into the question of optimizing the performance of product launch decisions-in particular, the decisions of product development duration and manufacturing ramp-up. It presents an innovative model for ...

Akamphon, Sappinandana

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Multi-Attribute Utility-based Decision Tool By  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Government agencies characteristically face dynamic policy and investment environments yet frequently rely on ad-hoc decision-making methods in response to complexities inherent in their operating landscape. Additionally, standard decision making methods typically undervalue projects by ignoring difficult to value, non-monetary benefits. This presents a problem for public institutions, such as the Department of Energy (DOE), where goals relating to the environment and national security are difficult to quantify. As a result, it is especially challenging to accurately optimize the use of public funds. The Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for making significant investment decisions under extreme uncertainty with respect to the nation’s public energy portfolio. Recently, leaders internal and external to the government have called for a comprehensive and structured approach

Kacy J. Gerst; Donna H. Rhodes; Patrick Hale; Kacy J. Gerst

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

IBRD Operational Decision Framework  

SciTech Connect

The IBRD Operational Decision Framework in this document is an expansion of an emerging general risk management framework under development by an interagency working group. It provides the level of detail necessary to develop a general Consequence Management Guidance Document for biological contamination remediation and restoration. It is the intent of this document to support both wide area and individual site remediation and restoration activities. This product was initiated as a portion of the IBRD Task 1 Systems Analysis to aid in identification of wide area remediation and restoration shortcomings and gaps. The draft interagency general risk management framework was used as the basis for the analysis. The initial Task 1 analysis document expanded the draft interagency framework to a higher level of resolution, building on both the logic structure and the accompanying text explanations. It was then employed in a qualitative manner to identify responsible agencies, data requirements, tool requirements, and current capabilities for each decision and task. This resulted in identifying shortcomings and gaps needing resolution. Several meetings of a joint LLNL/SNL working group reviewed and approved the initial content of this analysis. At the conclusion of Task 1, work continued on the expanded framework to generate this Operational Decision Framework which is consistent with the existing interagency general risk management framework. A large LLNL task group met repeatedly over a three-month period to develop the expanded framework, coordinate the framework with the biological remediation checklist, and synchronize the logic with the Consequence Management Plan table of contents. The expanded framework was briefed at a large table top exercise reviewing the interagency risk management framework. This exercise had representation from major US metropolitan areas as well as national agencies. This product received positive comments from the participants. Upon completion of the Operational Decision Framework, another joint LLNL/SNL working group conducted a day-long review. Identified modifications were made to the document, resulting in the included product.

Greenwalt, R; Hibbard, W; Raber, E; Carlsen, T; Folks, K; MacQueen, D; Mancieri, S; Bunt, T; Richards, J; Hirabayashi-Dethier, J

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

379

Search by Make  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

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380

Investment Decisions for Baseload Power Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investment Decisions for Investment Decisions for Baseload Power Plants January 29, 2010 402/012910 Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Record of Decision, Tritium Supply and Recycling Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

63877 63877 Tuesday December 12, 1995 Part VII Department of Energy Record of Decision; Tritium Supply and Recycling Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement; Notice 63878 Federal Register / Vol. 60, No. 238 / Tuesday, December 12, 1995 / Notices DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Record of Decision: Tritium Supply and Recycling Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Record of Decision: Selection of Tritium Supply Technology and Siting of Tritium Supply and Recycling Facilities. SUMMARY: The Department of Energy (DOE) is issuing this Record of Decision regarding DOE's proposal for Tritium Supply and Recycling Facilities. The Department is making three simultaneous decisions. First, the Department will pursue a dual track on the two most promising tritium supply

382

Deferring design pattern decisions and automating structural pattern changes using a design-pattern-based programming system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the design phase of software development, the designer must make many fundamental design decisions concerning the architecture of the system. Incorrect decisions are relatively easy and inexpensive to fix if caught during the design process, but the ... Keywords: Design patterns, design decisions, object-oriented frameworks, parallel programming, software maintenance

Steve MacDonald; Kai Tan; Jonathan Schaeffer; Duane Szafron

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Human Errors: Disadvantages and Advantages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The traditional paradigm for learning and training of operators in complex systems is discussed and criticised to react on the strong influence (the doctrine of 'mental logic') coming from research carried out in artificial intelligence (AI). The most well known arguments against the AI-approach are presented and discussed in relation to expertise, intuition and implicit knowledge. The importance of faults and errors are discussed in the context of a new metaphor for cognitive structures to describe expertise, and how knowledge about unsuccessful behavior influences the actual decision making process of experts. Keywords: human error, meta learning, mental model, experience, expertise 1. INTRODUCTION Why is this type of statements "I learned more from my defeats than from my victories" (Napoleon, ca. 1819) sometimes (or always) true? To answer this question we need a new understanding of human errors, inefficient behavior, and expertise. In this paper we will discuss the importance of...

Matthias Rauterberg; Daniel Felix

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

NREL: Energy Analysis - Energy Data for Decision Makers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Data for Decision Makers Energy Data for Decision Makers The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is home to a wealth of data and tools that can be linked together to derive knowledge and expand decision-making capabilities. Our platform links energy communities and decision makers such as policymakers, researchers, technology investors, venture capitalists, and market professionals - with valuable energy data, information, analyses, tools, images, maps, and other resources. Cover of the Renewable Energy Data Book. Cover of the Renewable Energy Data Book. Cover of the Power Technologies Energy Data Book. Cover of the Renewable Energy Data Book. A map visually representing state and congressional funding in the U.S by state. A screenshot of the 20% Wind Energy 2030 website.

385

EIS-0200: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

00: Record of Decision 00: Record of Decision EIS-0200: Record of Decision Treatment and Disposal of Low-Level Waste and Mixed Low-Level Waste; Amendment of the Record of Decision for the Nevada Test Site For the management of low- level waste (LLW) analyzed in the Final Waste Management Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (WM PEIS), the Department of Energy (DOE) has decided to perform minimum treatment at all sites and continue, to the extent practicable, disposal of on- site LLW at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL), the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in New Mexico, the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) in Tennessee, and the Savannah River Site (SRS) in South Carolina. In addition, the Department has decided to make the Hanford Site

386

EIS-0232: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

32: Record of Decision 32: Record of Decision EIS-0232: Record of Decision Sierra Nevada Customer Service Region 2004 Power Marketing Program The Department of Energy (DOE), Western Area Power Administration (Western), has decided to develop and implement a marketing program for marketing Federal electric power resources from the Central Valley Project (CVP) after year 2004 that is within the range of the actions defined in Western's preferred alternative described in the 2004 Power Marketing Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (final 2004 EIS). In making this decision, Western has considered all comments received on its alternatives and the analysis contained in the 2004 Power Marketing Program Draft and Final Environmental Impact Statements (2004 EIS) issued for the

387

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Stranded Biogas Decision Tool for Fuel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stranded Biogas Decision Tool for Fuel Cell Co-Production Stranded Biogas Decision Tool for Fuel Cell Co-Production Project Summary Full Title: Stranded Biogas Decision Tool for Fuel Cell Co-Production Project ID: 257 Principal Investigator: Michael Ulsh Brief Description: This project will explore the feasibility and utility of using stranded biogas resources in fuel cell co-production networks as well as lay the basis for development of analysis and decision-making tools for potential biogas sources and energy end-users to evaluate the economic feasibility of deploying these systems. Performer Principal Investigator: Michael Ulsh Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Address: 1617 Cole Blvd. Golden, CO 80401 Telephone: 303-275-3842 Email: michael.ulsh@nrel.gov Website: http://www.nrel.gov

388

Energy and lighting decisions  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews the fundamental principles of lighting and uses them to evaluate energy-conserving lighting equipment and techniques. The selection of the proper lighting components and systems is complex, requiring a knowledge of the characteristics of light sources and their interactions with the auxiliary equipment and the environment. Furthermore, there are subjective aspects of lighting that are difficult to quantify. We address the simplistic way in which lighting is commonly approached, then present an argument as to the critical nature of the lighting decision. In the final sections we discuss and evaluate lighting equipment in terms of its applications and characteristics. Familiarity with the fundamental characteristics of the elements of lighting equipment will also permit more judicious appraisal and use of lighting concepts that may be introduced in the future. 6 figs., 9 tabs.

Verderber, R.R.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Latent effects decision analysis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Latent effects on a system are broken down into components ranging from those far removed in time from the system under study (latent) to those which closely effect changes in the system. Each component is provided with weighted inputs either by a user or from outputs of other components. A non-linear mathematical process known as `soft aggregation` is performed on the inputs to each component to provide information relating to the component. This information is combined in decreasing order of latency to the system to provide a quantifiable measure of an attribute of a system (e.g., safety) or to test hypotheses (e.g., for forensic deduction or decisions about various system design options).

Cooper, J. Arlin (Albuquerque, NM); Werner, Paul W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2004-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

390

Human Factors and Data Fusion as Part of Control Systems Resilience  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Human performance and human decision making is counted upon as a crucial aspect of overall system resilience. Advanced control systems have the potential to provide operators and asset owners a wide range of data, deployed at different levels that can be used to support operator situation awareness. However, the sheer amount of data available can make it challenging for operators to assimilate information and respond appropriately. This paper reviews some of the challenges and issues associated with providing operators with actionable state awareness and argues for the over arching importance of integrating human factors as part of intelligent control systems design and implementation. It is argued that system resilience is improved by implementing human factors in operations and maintenance. This paper also introduces issues associated with resilience and data fusion and highlights areas in which human factors including field studies hold promise.

David I. Gertman

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Making IGCC slag valuable  

SciTech Connect

All indications are that integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) technology will play a major role in tomorrow's generation industry. But before it does, some by-products of the process must be dealt with, for example unburned carbon that can make IGCC slag worthless. Charah Inc.'s processing system, used at Tampa Electric's Polk Station for years, segregates the slag's constituents by size, producing fuel and building materials. 3 figs.

Wicker, K.

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Method for making nanomaterials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of making a nanostructure by preparing a face centered cubic-ordered metal nanoparticle film from metal nanoparticles, such as gold and silver nanoparticles, exerting a hydrostatic pressure upon the film at pressures of several gigapascals, followed by applying a non-hydrostatic stress perpendicularly at a pressure greater than approximately 10 GPA to form an array of nanowires with individual nanowires having a relatively uniform length, average diameter and density.

Fan, Hongyou; Wu, Huimeng

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

393

Decision support system based on hierarchical co-evolutionary fuzzy approach: A case study in detecting gamma ray signals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decision support systems are powerful technologies for complex decision making and problem solving. However, constructing an accurate and interpretable decision support system (DSS) for any domain is a challenge. In this paper, a novel hierarchical co-evolutionary ... Keywords: ANFIS, Co-evolutionary learning, DENFIS, Decision support system, Fuzzy system, Genetic algorithm, HiCEFS, Hierarchical co-evolutionary fuzzy system, High-energy gamma rays, TSK

H. Huang; M. Pasquier; C. Quek

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Decision support for disaster management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

support system for disaster response and recovery usingJ (2006) Improving disaster response efforts with decisionSpringerlink.com Abstract Disaster response and recovery are

Rolland, Erik; Patterson, Raymond A.; Ward, Keith; Dodin, Bajis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Decisions Based upon Multiple Values: The BVG Agent Architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Even a simple artificial agent will have to make decisions and consider their consequences. An agent can achieve this by evaluating situations along several dimensions. The BVG (Beliefs, Values and Goals) architecture is a means to build up such an evaluation ...

Luis Antunes; Helder Coelho

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Rational and Intuitive Decision-makers from Two Continents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Strategic decision making is usually conducted by a firm's top management, led by the CEO or the President of the company. In keeping with this, 40 top level managers from two continents (North America and Europe) were targeted in a comparative research ...

Zita Zoltay Paprika

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Bayesian Network Inference with Qualitative Expert Knowledge for Decision Support Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider a methodology that utilizes qualitative expert knowledge for inference in a Bayesian network. The decision-making assumptions and the mathematical equation for Bayesian inference are derived based on data and knowledge obtained ... Keywords: Bayesian network, Bayesian network inference, decision-support systems, qualitative expert knowledge, probability inequality constraints Bayesian network, Bayesian network inference, decision-support systems, qualitative expert knowledge, probability inequ

Nipat Jongsawat; Wichian Premchaiswadi

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Plants making oxygen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plants making oxygen Plants making oxygen Name: Doug Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: How many plants are needed to make enough oxygen for one person for one hour? We are experimenting with Anacharis plants. Replies: The problem can be solved when broken down into smaller questions: 1. How much oxygen does a person need in an hour? 2. How much oxygen does a plant produce in an hour? 3. Based on the above, how many plants will provide the oxygen needs of the person for the hour? Here is the solution to the first question: A resting, healthy adult on an average, cool day breathes in about 53 liters of oxygen per hour. An average, resting, health adult breathes in about 500 mL of air per breath. This is called the normal tidal volume. Now, 150 mL of this air will go to non- functioning areas of the lung, called the "dead space." The average breath rate for this average person is 12 breaths per minute. So, the amount of air breathed in by the person which is available for use is 12 x (500 mL -150 mL) = 4,200 mL/minute. Multiply by 60 to get 252,000 mL/hour. That is, every hour, the person will breathe in 252 L of air. Now, on an average, cool, clear day, only 21% of that air is oxygen. So, 21% of 252 L is 53 L. So, in an hour, the person breathes in about 53 L of oxygen.

399

Agent-based intelligent system development for decision support in chemical process industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an agent-based intelligent system to support coordinate manufacturing execution and decision-making in chemical process industry. A multi-agent system (MAS) framework is developed to provide a flexible infrastructure for the integration ... Keywords: Artificial intelligence, Coordinate manufacturing, Decision support, Information integration, Multi-agent system

Ying Gao; Zhigang Shang; Antonis Kokossis

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

An agent-based decision support system for wholesale electricity market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Application software has been developed for analyzing and understanding a dynamic price change in the US wholesale power market. Traders can use the software as an effective decision-making tool by modeling and simulating a power market. The software ... Keywords: Agent-based approach, Decision support software, Electricity market, Machine learning

Toshiyuki Sueyoshi; Gopalakrishna R. Tadiparthi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Using decision scenarios to evaluate laypeople's computer-mediated medication information sharing choices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivation - Abstract surveys are currently the primary source of data guiding policy-makers as they frame laypeople's choices to electronically share their health information with care providers. Research approach - We presented laypeople (N=31) with ... Keywords: decision scenario, decision-making, health care, informatics, policy

Jenna L. Marquard; Patricia Flatley Brennan

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

A fuzzy opportunity and threat aggregation approach in multicriteria decision analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Economic expansion in developed countries coupled with dramatically growing economies in countries such as China and India have precipitated a steady increase in demand for oil and natural gas. The Caspian Sea region holds large quantities of both oil ... Keywords: Analytic network process, Defuzzification, Entropy, Fuzzy scoring, Group decision making, Level-2 fuzzy sets, Multi-criteria decision analysis, Theory of displaced ideal

Madjid Tavana; Mariya A. Sodenkamp; Mohsen Pirdashti

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Semantic Decision Support Models for Energy Efficiency in Smart-Metered Homes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A promising approach to Smart Energy Grids is to empower communities of consumers with a novel role in the management of their electricity by sharing excess electricity and therefore becoming energy producers (prosumers). We achieve it using a framework ... Keywords: domain ontologies, smart meters, decision table, group decision making

Yan Tang; Ioana G. Ciuciu

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

The graphical presentation of decision support information in an intelligent anaesthesia monitor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This contribution examines the graphical presentation of decision support information generated by an intelligent monitor, named Sentinel, developed for use during anaesthesia. Clinicians make diagnoses in real-time during operations by examining clinically ... Keywords: Decision support, Flame plot, Fuzzy trend template, Graphical interface, Intelligent anaesthesia monitoring

Andrew Lowe; Richard W. Jones; Michael J. Harrison

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Bayesian decision tree averaging for the probabilistic interpretation of solar flare occurrences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bayesian averaging over Decision Trees (DTs) allows the class posterior probabilities to be estimated, while the DT models are understandable for domain experts. The use of Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) technique of stochastic approximation makes the ... Keywords: Bayesian averaging, Markov Chain Monte Carlo, decision tre, machine learning, solar flare, uncertainty

Vitaly Schetinin; Valentina Zharkova; Sergei Zharkov

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Make aromatics from LPG  

SciTech Connect

Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) consists mainly of the propane and butane fraction recovered from gas fields, associated petroleum gas and refinery operations. Apart from its use in steam cracking and stream reforming, LPG has few petrochemical applications. The relative abundance of LPG and the strong demand for aromatics - benzene, toluene and xylenes (BTX) - make it economically attractive to produce aromatics via the aromatization of propane and butanes. This paper describes the Cyclar process, which is based on a catalyst formulation developed by BP and which uses UOP's CCR catalyst regeneration technology, converts propane, butanes or mixtures thereof to petrochemical-quality aromatics in a single step.

Doolan, P.C. (BP Exploration Co. Ltd., London (GB)); Pujado, P.R. (UOP, Des Plaines, IL (US))

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Transportation in Shanghai: A Decision Support System to Move towards Sustainability.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An excellent transportation system is integral for Shanghai as it aims for sustainable development. Decision-making has a far-reaching impact on transportation, which should be improved… (more)

Quchen, Xu; Yanping, Zhuang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Multi criteria analyses for managing motorway company facilities: The decision support system SINERGIE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Improvements to the decision-making process in the areas of preventive maintenance and facility repairs for a range of infrastructure include maintenance, upgrading and retrofitting operations. Depending on the available information concerning the condition ...

Jacky Montmain; Céline Sanchez; Marc Vinches

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Practical reinforcement learning using representation learning and safe exploration for large scale Markov decision processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While creating intelligent agents who can solve stochastic sequential decision making problems through interacting with the environment is the promise of Reinforcement Learning (RL), scaling existing RL methods to realistic ...

Geramifard, Alborz, 1980-

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Opportune maintenance and predictive maintenance decision support douard Thomas, ric Levrat, Benoit Iung, Pierre Cocheteux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to several ones. Keywords: Predictive maintenance, Maintenance engineering, Decision making, Complex systems be answered by using maintenance engineering, and more specifically a computerised maintenance management system that collects the information related to the different maintenance actions. Finally the second

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

411

System implementation issues of dynamic discrete disaster decision simulation system (D4S2): phase I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulation has many advantages in modeling complex systems to facilitate decision making. In this research, an integrated computer system will be developed which incorporates an agent-based discrete event simulator, a geographic information system, a ...

Shengnan Wu; Larry J. Shuman; Bopaya Bidanda; Matthew Kelley; Bryan Lawson; Ken Sochats; Carey D. Balaban

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Workshop Helps Empower Tribes to Make Renewable Energy Project Development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Workshop Helps Empower Tribes to Make Renewable Energy Project Workshop Helps Empower Tribes to Make Renewable Energy Project Development Decisions Workshop Helps Empower Tribes to Make Renewable Energy Project Development Decisions July 16, 2013 - 4:52pm Addthis Workshop guest speaker Bill Cornelius of Oneida Seven Generations Corporation discussed the tribal renewable energy project development and finance process in action. Photo by John De La Rosa, NREL Workshop guest speaker Bill Cornelius of Oneida Seven Generations Corporation discussed the tribal renewable energy project development and finance process in action. Photo by John De La Rosa, NREL Workshop guest speaker Rebecca Kauffman outlined the roles Tribes can play in renewable energy projects, as well as lessons learned based on her experience working on projects for the Southern Ute Tribe. Photo by Amy Glickson, NREL

413

EIS-0221: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: Record of Decision 1: Record of Decision EIS-0221: Record of Decision York County Energy Partners Cogeneration Facility of the Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program in North Codorus Township, York County, Pennsylvania The Department of Energy (the Department) has prepared an Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/ EIS-0221) to assess the environmental and human health impacts associated with construction and operation of the York County Energy Partners, L.P. (YCEP) Cogeneration Facility on a 38- acre (15.4-hectare) parcel in North Codorus Township, York County, PA. DOE/EIS-0221, Record of Decision: York County Energy Partners Cogeneration Facility of the Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program in North Codorus Township, York County, Pennsylvania, 60 FR 43437 (August 1995)

414

Decision Support with Belief Functions Theory for Seabed Characterization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The seabed characterization from sonar images is a very hard task because of the produced data and the unknown environment, even for an human expert. In this work we propose an original approach in order to combine binary classifiers arising from different kinds of strategies such as one-versus-one or one-versus-rest, usually used in the SVM-classification. The decision functions coming from these binary classifiers are interpreted in terms of belief functions in order to combine these functions with one of the numerous operators of the belief functions theory. Moreover, this interpretation of the decision function allows us to propose a process of decisions by taking into account the rejected observations too far removed from the learning data, and the imprecise decisions given in unions of classes. This new approach is illustrated and evaluated with a SVM in order to classify the different kinds of sediment on image sonar.

Martin, Arnaud

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

EIS-0221: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21: Record of Decision 21: Record of Decision EIS-0221: Record of Decision York County Energy Partners Cogeneration Facility of the Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program in North Codorus Township, York County, Pennsylvania The Department of Energy (the Department) has prepared an Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/ EIS-0221) to assess the environmental and human health impacts associated with construction and operation of the York County Energy Partners, L.P. (YCEP) Cogeneration Facility on a 38- acre (15.4-hectare) parcel in North Codorus Township, York County, PA. DOE/EIS-0221, Record of Decision: York County Energy Partners Cogeneration Facility of the Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program in North Codorus Township, York County, Pennsylvania, 60 FR 43437 (August 1995)

416

R:\DECISION\0060.VBX  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) reviewed both decisions, DOE's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) reviewed both decisions, pursuant to a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) by which NNSA authorized OHA to adjudicate for NNSA whistleblower complaints brought by employees of NNSA contractors under 10 CFR Part 708. Under the MOU, NNSA is responsible for implementing a final decision issued under Part 708. March 28, 2003 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Supplemental Order Name of Petitioner: Robert Burd Date of Filing: March 13, 2003 Case Number: VBX-0060 On November 16, 2001, BWXT Pantex, as successor to Mason & Hanger Corporation (M&H) (collectively referred to as "the contractor"), filed an appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued by an Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Hearing Officer under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee

417

CCUS Demonstrations Making Progress  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9, First Quarter, 2013 9, First Quarter, 2013 www.fossil.energy.gov/news/energytoday.html HigHligHts inside 2 CCUS Demonstrations Making Progress A Column from the Director of Clean Energy Sys- tems, Office of Clean Coal 4 LNG Exports DOE Releases Third Party Study on Impact of Natural Gas Exports 5 Providing Emergency Relief Petroleum Reservers Helps Out with Hurricane Relief Efforts 7 Game-Changing Membranes FE-Funded Project Develops Novel Membranes for CCUS 8 Shale Gas Projects Selected 15 Projects Will Research Technical Challenges of Shale Gas Development A project important to demonstrat- ing the commercial viability of carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) technology has completed the first year of inject-

418

Method for making glass  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is discussed for making better quality molten borosilicate glass in a glass melter, the glass having the desired viscosity and, preferably, also the desired resistivity so that the glass melt can be established effectively and the product of the glass melter will have the desired level of quality. The method includes the adjustment of the composition of the glass constituents that are fed into the melter in accordance with certain correlations that reliably predict the viscosity and resistivity from the melter temperature and the melt composition, then heating the ingredients to the melter's operating temperature until they melt and homogenize. The equations include the calculation of a non-bridging oxygen'' term from the numbers of moles of the various ingredients, and then the determination of the viscosity and resistivity from the operating temperature of the melter and the non-bridging oxygen term.

Jantzen, C.M.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Deputy Secretary Decision Reversing LWA-0003 Decision and Order  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MEHTA, Complainant MEHTA, Complainant v. UNIVERSITIES RESEARCH ASSOCIATION, Respondent. OHA Case No.LWA-0003, LWZ-0023 FINAL DECISION AND ORDER This is an appeal by respondent Universities Research Association ("URA"), from the Initial Agency Decision by the Office of Hearings and Appeals ("OHA") finding that the complainant, Dr. Naresh C. Mehta, a scientist formerly employed by URA, had established that his disclosures of mismanagement were a contributing factor in URA's December 16, 1992, decision to terminate his employment. The Initial Agency Decision also reaffirmed OHA's previous denial of URA's motion to dismiss based on lack of jurisdiction under 10 C.F.R. Part 708. 1. On appeal, URA requests reconsideration of its motion to dismiss on jurisdictional grounds. URA contends that applying DOE's

420

Deputy Secretary Decision Remanding VWA-0005 Decision and Order  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DANIEL HOLSINGER, Complainant DANIEL HOLSINGER, Complainant v. K-RAY SECURITY, INC., Respondent. OHA Case No. LWA-0005, LWA-0009 DECISION REVERSING AND REMANDING INITIAL AGENCY DECISION This is a request for review by K-Ray Security, Inc., from the Initial Agency Decision by the Office of Hearings and Appeals ("OHA"), finding that reinstatement of Mr. Holsinger as a security guard is a necessary and appropriate action to effect full relief for a retaliatory termination made by the previous security contractor, Watkins Security Agency, Inc., ("WSA"). Based upon my review of the regulatory language, the relevant case law, and the entire record, I conclude that OHA's decision is incorrect. Mr. Holsinger filed a complaint with the Office of Contractor Employee Protection ("OCEP") on October 7, 1994. R. 103-106. He

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Load-management decision  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities require baseload, intermediate, and peaking plants to meet fluctuating customer demand. These can be supplemented with off-peak generation and storage and load management, which can take the form of direct utility control over interruptible and deferrable customers or customer incentives that require off-peak demand. Utilities should make a careful analysis of their load profile, their generation mix, their ability to shift loads, and customer attitudes before deciding on a load-management program that fits their individual needs. They should also be aware that load management is only a limited resource with a number of uncertainties. Research programs into customer relations, system reliability, communications devices, and special control switches and meters will help to relieve some of the uncertainties. (DCK)

Lihach, N.; Gupta, P.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

MIDAS : minor incident decision analysis software  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MIDAS is the minor incident decision analysis software that acts as an advisory tool for plant decision makers and operators to analyze the available decision alternatives for resolving minor incidents. The minor incidents ...

Horng, Tze-Chieh, 1964-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Translational bioinformatics: challenges and opportunities for case-based reasoning and decision support  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Translational bioinformatics is bioinformatics applied to human health. Although, up to now, its main focus has been to support molecular medicine research, translational bioinformatics has now the opportunity to design clinical decision support systems ... Keywords: decision support, dilated cardiomyopathy, molecular medicine, translational bioinformatics

Riccardo Bellazzi; Cristiana Larizza; Matteo Gabetta; Giuseppe Milani; Angelo Nuzzo; Valentina Favalli; Eloisa Arbustini

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Incorporating uncertainty into electric utility projections and decisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on how electric utility companies can respond in their decision making to uncertain variables. Here we take a mean- variance type of approach. The mean'' value is an expected cost, on a discounted value basis. We assume that management has risk preferences incorporating a tradeoff between the mean and variance in the utility's net income. Decisions that utilities are faced with can be classified into two types: ex ante and ex post. The ex ante decisions need to be made prior to the uncertainty being revealed and the ex post decision can be postponed until after the uncertainty is revealed. Intuitively, we can say that the ex ante decisions provide a hedge against the uncertainties and the ex post decisions allow the negative outcomes of uncertain variables to be partially mitigated, dampening the losses. An example of an ex post decision is how the system is operated i.e., unit dispatch, and in some cases switching among types of fuels, say with different sulfur contents. For example, if gas prices go up, natural gas combined cycle units are likely to be dispatched at lower capacity factors. If SO{sub 2} emission allowance prices go up, a utility may seek to switch into a lower sulfur coal. Here we assume that regulated electric utilities do have some incentive to lower revenue requirements and hence an incentive to lower the electric rates needed for the utility to break even, thereby earning a fair return on invested capital. This paper presents the general approach first, including applications to capacity expansion and system dispatch. Then a case study is presented focusing on the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments including SO{sub 2} emissions abatement and banking of allowances under uncertainty. It is concluded that the emission banking decisions should not be made in isolation but rather all the uncertainties in demand, fuel prices, technology performance etc., should be included in the uncertainty analysis affecting emission banking.

Hanson, D.A.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Incorporating uncertainty into electric utility projections and decisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on how electric utility companies can respond in their decision making to uncertain variables. Here we take a mean- variance type of approach. The ``mean`` value is an expected cost, on a discounted value basis. We assume that management has risk preferences incorporating a tradeoff between the mean and variance in the utility`s net income. Decisions that utilities are faced with can be classified into two types: ex ante and ex post. The ex ante decisions need to be made prior to the uncertainty being revealed and the ex post decision can be postponed until after the uncertainty is revealed. Intuitively, we can say that the ex ante decisions provide a hedge against the uncertainties and the ex post decisions allow the negative outcomes of uncertain variables to be partially mitigated, dampening the losses. An example of an ex post decision is how the system is operated i.e., unit dispatch, and in some cases switching among types of fuels, say with different sulfur contents. For example, if gas prices go up, natural gas combined cycle units are likely to be dispatched at lower capacity factors. If SO{sub 2} emission allowance prices go up, a utility may seek to switch into a lower sulfur coal. Here we assume that regulated electric utilities do have some incentive to lower revenue requirements and hence an incentive to lower the electric rates needed for the utility to break even, thereby earning a fair return on invested capital. This paper presents the general approach first, including applications to capacity expansion and system dispatch. Then a case study is presented focusing on the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments including SO{sub 2} emissions abatement and banking of allowances under uncertainty. It is concluded that the emission banking decisions should not be made in isolation but rather all the uncertainties in demand, fuel prices, technology performance etc., should be included in the uncertainty analysis affecting emission banking.

Hanson, D.A.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Introduction to 'Make' NERSC Tutorial  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

'Make' 'Make' Introduction to 'Make' Introduction The UNIX make utility facilitates the creation and maintenance of executable programs from source code. make keeps track of the commands needed to build the code and when changes are made to a source file, recompiles only the necessary files. make creates and updates programs with a minimum of effort. A small initial investment of time is needed to set up make for a given software project, but afterward, recompiling and linking is done consistently and quickly by typing one command: make, instead of issuing many complicated command lines that invoke the compiler and linker. This tutorial will introduce the simple usage of the make utility with the goal of building an executable program from a series of source code files.

427

R:\DECISION\0062.VBH  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3, 2002 3, 2002 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Sue Rice Gossett Date of Filing: May 25, 2001 Case Number: VBH-0062 This Initial Agency Decision concerns a whistleblower complaint filed by Sue Rice Gossett (Gossett) against her former employer, the Safety and Ecology Corporation (SEC), under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, which is codified at 10 C.F.R. Part 708. SEC is a sub-contractor of Bechtel Jacobs Corporation (BJC), the DOE's Managing Contractor at the Portsmouth Site in Piketon, Ohio (Portsmouth). In an Interlocutory Decision dated May 8, 2002, I determined that SEC had retaliated against Gossett for engaging in protected activity and that therefore Gossett is entitled to relief. Accordingly,

428

DS-0001 Deputy Secretary Decision  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

RONALD A. SORRI, Complainant v. L&M TECHNOLOGIES INC. AND SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORIES, Respondents. OHA Case No. LWA-0001 FINAL DECISION AND ORDER On December 16, 1993, the Office...

429

Record of Decision (ROD) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Projects October 25, 2005 EIS-0374: Record of Decision Klondike III Biglow Canyon Wind Integration Project September 21, 2005 EIS-0355: Record of Decision Remediation of...

430

Essays in inventory decisions under uncertainty .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Uncertainty is a norm in business decisions. In this research, we focus on the inventory decisions for companies with uncertain customer demands. We first investigate… (more)

Manikas, Andrew Steven

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Making by making strange: Defamiliarization and the design of domestic technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article argues that because the home is so familiar, it is necessary to make it strange, or defamiliarize it, in order to open its design space. Critical approaches to technology design are of both practical and social importance in the home. Home ... Keywords: Human-computer interaction, anthropology, defamiliarization, domestic labor, domestic technology, ethnicity, ethnography, gender, home entertainment

Genevieve Bell; Mark Blythe; Phoebe Sengers

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Event:Blane Harvey co-facilitating a session on use of climate decision  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

co-facilitating a session on use of climate decision co-facilitating a session on use of climate decision making tools with CARE and Tearfund Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Blane Harvey co-facilitating a session on use of climate decision making tools with CARE and Tearfund: 13:00-14:00 on 2011/12/06 Blane Harvey co-facilitating a session on use of climate decision making tools with CARE and Tearfund for the Adaptation Hub Event Details Name Blane Harvey co-facilitating a session on use of climate decision making tools with CARE and Tearfund Date 2011/12/06 Time 13:00-14:00 Location Adaptation Hub area Tags Climate Knowledge Broker Website Event Website Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Event:Blane_Harvey_co-facilitating_a_session_on_use_of_climate_decision_making_tools_with_CARE_and_Tearfund&oldid=391877

433

Statement of Secretary Steven Chu on President Obama's Decision on Stem  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Secretary Steven Chu on President Obama's Decision on of Secretary Steven Chu on President Obama's Decision on Stem Cell Research Statement of Secretary Steven Chu on President Obama's Decision on Stem Cell Research March 9, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - Energy Secretary Steven Chu made the following statement regarding President Obama's decision to allow promising stem cell research to go forward under strict ethical guidelines: "One of the reasons I joined President Obama's cabinet was his commitment to making decisions on the basis of sound science rather than ideology - a commitment he demonstrated again today with his thoughtful, compassionate decision to allow ethical stem cell research to go forward. This research may hold the potential to restore a failing heart, calm the tremors of Parkinson's, free a child from juvenile diabetes or offer treatments to

434

The Role of GIS in Decision Support Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GIS in GIS in Decision Support Systems Jeremy Smith Weather Camera Rail Bridge T k Mile Post Traffic Truck Origin Destination Route Alternatives Roadway Time Pavement Incidents Closures Patterns of Business Behavior Patterns of Business Behavior Data Management Planning & Analysis Field Mobility Operational Awareness Stakeholder Engagement R i l E t i R i l E t i Transform Data Collect, Organize, Get Information Disseminate Get Feedback and Regional Enterprise Regional Enterprise Transform Data Into Actionable Information Collect, Organize, & Exchange Data Get Information Into and Out of the Field Disseminate Information Where and When it is Needed Get Feedback and Make Informed Decisions Decision Support GIS Integration & Workflows GIS Integration & Analysis Framework Regional Data Sources Weather

435

EIS-0183: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Long-Term Regional Dialogue Policy Long-Term Regional Dialogue Policy The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has decided to adopt a policy on the agency's long- term power supply role after fiscal year (FY) 2011. This policy is intended to provide BPA's customers with greater clarity about their Federal power supply so they can effectively plan for the future and, if they choose, make capital investments in long-term electricity infrastructure. This Long-Term Regional Dialogue Policy (Policy), which is the result of a Regional Dialogue process that began in 2002, is described more fully in a separately issued Administrator's Record of Decision (ROD) that addresses the legal and policy rationale supporting the administrative decisions in the Regional Dialogue. DOE/EIS-0183, Bonneville Power Administration, Record of Decision,

436

DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 9, 2007 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal Name of Petitioner: Clint Olson Date of Filing: November 18, 2005 Case Number: TBA-0027 This Decision considers an Appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued on October 27, 2005, involving a Complaint of Retaliation filed by Clint Olson (also referred to as the employee or the complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Olson was an employee of BWXT Pantex (also referred to as BWXT, the firm, or the contractor), the Management and Operating Contractor at the DOE's Pantex Plant in Amarillo, Texas. In his Complaint, Mr. Olson claims that BWXT retaliated against him for making disclosures that are protected under Part 708. In the IAD, an Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Hearing

437

Deputy Secretary Decision Affirming Decision as Modified, January 19, 2000  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Daniel Holsinger, Complainant, v. K-Ray Security, Inc., Respondent OHA Case Nos. VWC-0001 and VWC-0002 Daniel Holsinger, Complainant, v. K-Ray Security, Inc., Respondent OHA Case Nos. VWC-0001 and VWC-0002 DECISION AFFIRMING AGENCY DECISION AS MODIFIED Issued: January 19, 2000 This is a request for review by K-Ray Security, Inc., the current security operations contractor at DOE's Federal Energy Technology Center ("FETC"), of the Decision of the Office of Hearings and Appeals ("OHA") on remand from the Deputy Secretary adhering, after an additional evidentiary hearing and an assessment of the equities, to its earlier finding that reinstatement of Complainant Holsinger as a security guard is a necessary and appropriate action to effect full relief, even though it was the prior security contractor, Watkins Security Agency, Inc., ("WSA") that was found to have committed the act of reprisal

438

DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Interlocutory Decision  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8, 2002 8, 2002 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Interlocutory Decision Name of Petitioner: Sue Rice Gossett Date of Filing: May 25, 2001 Case Number: VBZ-0062 This Initial Agency Decision concerns a whistleblower complaint filed by Sue Rice Gossett (Gossett) against her former employer, the Safety and Ecology Corporation (SEC), under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, which is codified at 10 C.F.R. Part 708. SEC is a sub-contractor of Bechtel Jacobs Corporation (BJC), the DOE's Managing Contractor at the Portsmouth Site in Piketon, Ohio (Portsmouth). Gossett alleges that she engaged in activity protected by Part 708 and, as a result, was retaliated against by SEC. As discussed below, I have determined that Gossett is entitled to

439

Demonstration of Decision Tool for Selection of Distribution Poles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes a Comprehensive Screening Tool (CST) for comparing different types of utility distribution poles. The completed tool permits utilities to evaluate distribution pole options using 26 criteria divided into engineering/technical performance, life cycle cost/economics, and environmental profile groups. The decision tool allows utilities to make a comprehensive evaluation of distribution pole options in an organized and semi-quantitative fashion across the full life cycle of the poles, i...

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

440

R:\DECISION\0082.VBA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Complainant also named the Regents of the University of Complainant also named the Regents of the University of California (UC) in her complaint. UC managed and operated LLNL for the United States government under a contract between the Regents of UC and the DOE. August 21, 2002 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal Name of Petitioner: Janet K. Benson Date of Filing: June 10, 2002 Case Number: VBA-0082 This Decision considers an Appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued on May 22, 2002, involving a Complaint filed by Janet K. Benson (Benson or the Complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In her Complaint, Benson claims that her former employer, Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL or the Laboratory), retaliated against her for engaging in activity

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

R:\DECISION\0086.VBA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5, 2004 5, 2004 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal Name of Petitioner: Elaine M. Blakely Date of Filing: July 9, 2003 Case Number: VBA-0086 This Decision considers an Appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued on June 25, 2003, involving a Complaint filed by Elaine M. Blakely (Blakely or the Complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In her Complaint, Blakely claims that her former employer, DOE contractor Fluor Fernald, Inc. (FFI or the contractor), retaliated against her for engaging in activity that is protected by Part 708. In the IAD, an Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Hearing Officer determined that Blakely engaged in activity that is protected under Part 708,

442

R:\DECISION\0007.TBH  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2003 2003 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Gary S. Vander Boegh Date of Filing: November 20, 2002 Case Number: TBH-0007 This Initial Agency Decision involves a whistleblower complaint filed by Mr. Gary S. Vander Boegh (also referred to as the Complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Mr. Vander Boegh holds the position of Landfill Manager at the C-746-U Landfill for the DOE's Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (the "Paducah Plant") located outside of Paducah, Kentucky. He is an employee of WESKEM, LLC (WESKEM), a subcontractor for Bechtel Jacobs Company, LLC (BJC). BJC is the management and integration (M&I) contractor for the Paducah Plant, and WESKEM

443

R:\DECISION\0084.VBH  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, 2003 , 2003 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Steven F. Collier Date of Filing: July 1, 2002 Case Number: VBH-0084 This Decision involves a whistleblower complaint that Steven F. Collier filed under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program. From December 1994 through February 2002, Mr. Collier was employed by Coleman Research Corporation (CRC), a subcontractor of Fluor Fernald, Inc. (FFI), at the DOE's Fernald, Ohio site. Mr. Collier alleges that CRC and FFI management retaliated against him for activity protected under the DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program. I. Background A. The DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program The DOE's Contractor Employee Protection Program was established to safeguard "public and employee

444

EIS-0166: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

166: Record of Decision 166: Record of Decision EIS-0166: Record of Decision Presidential Permit, PP-89, Bangor Hydro-Electric Company Bangor Hydro applied to the DOE for a Presidential permit to construct a new electric transmission facility at the U.S. border with Canada. That action was determined to be ''a major federal action, significantly affecting the quality of the human environment'' within the meaning of NEPA. An EIS was issued on August 18, 1995, that considered the environmental impacts associated with granting or denying the Presidential permit. This ROD determined that allowing construction of the new electric facilities along alternative transmission line corridors and the options for alternative energy supplies discussed in the EIS did not prove preferable to granting the Presidential permit for construction along the

445

EIS-0166: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: Record of Decision 6: Record of Decision EIS-0166: Record of Decision Presidential Permit, PP-89, Bangor Hydro-Electric Company Bangor Hydro applied to the DOE for a Presidential permit to construct a new electric transmission facility at the U.S. border with Canada. That action was determined to be ''a major federal action, significantly affecting the quality of the human environment'' within the meaning of NEPA. An EIS was issued on August 18, 1995, that considered the environmental impacts associated with granting or denying the Presidential permit. This ROD determined that allowing construction of the new electric facilities along alternative transmission line corridors and the options for alternative energy supplies discussed in the EIS did not prove preferable to granting the Presidential permit for construction along the

446

Initial Decision and Risk Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Decision and Risk Analysis capabilities will be developed for industry consideration and possible adoption within Year 1. These tools will provide a methodology for merging qualitative ranking of technology maturity and acknowledged risk contributors with quantitative metrics that drive investment decision processes. Methods and tools will be initially introduced as applications to the A650.1 case study, but modular spreadsheets and analysis routines will be offered to industry collaborators as soon as possible to stimulate user feedback and co-development opportunities.

Engel, David W.

2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

447

Smart-Swaps - A decision support system for multicriteria decision analysis with the even swaps method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a new web-based decision support tool called Smart-Swaps to support multicriteria decision analysis. The decision maker's preferences are elicited with the even swaps method, which is an elimination process based on value trade-offs. ... Keywords: Even swaps, Multicriteria decision analysis, Multicriteria decision support systems, Preference programming, Trade-offs

Jyri Mustajoki; Raimo P. Hämäläinen

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Making data matter : the role of information design and process in applying automated data to improve transit service  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As public transit agencies install new technology systems they are gaining increasing amounts of data. This data has the potential to change how they operate by generating better information for decision-making. Deriving ...

Tribone, Dominick (Dominick Anthony)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Methodology for Fleet Deployment Decisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities can apply a rigorous, optimized methodology for creating deployment plans for their fossil power plants. These deployment plans maximize corporate-wide value under various business environments. Case studies at Consolidated Edison of New York and Central Illinois Public Service Company (CIPS) refined the approach and confirmed its merit for evaluating fleet deployment decisions.

1995-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

450

Evaluating the impact of government energy R&D investments through a multi-attribute utility-based decision tool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Government agencies characteristically face dynamic policy and investment environments yet frequently rely on ad-hoc decision-making methods in response to complexities inherent in their operating landscape. Additionally, ...

Gerst, Kacy J. (Kacy Jean)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

How does participation in the framing, review, and incorporation of scientific information affect stakeholder perspectives on resource management decisions?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The conventional environmental impact statement (EIS) decision-making process, governed by the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), represents the prevailing practice with regard to public involvement in science-intensive ...

Peyser, Jennifer Leigh

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Methods of making textured catalysts  

SciTech Connect

A textured catalyst having a hydrothermally-stable support, a metal oxide and a catalyst component is described. Methods of conducting aqueous phase reactions that are catalyzed by a textured catalyst are also described. The invention also provides methods of making textured catalysts and methods of making chemical products using a textured catalyst.

Werpy, Todd (West Richland, WA); Frye, Jr., John G. (Richland, WA); Wang, Yong (Richland, WA); Zacher, Alan H. (Kennewick, WA)

2010-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

453

Method of making monodisperse nanoparticles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of making particles of either spherical or cylindrical geometry with a characteristic diameter less than 50 nanometers by mixing at least one structure directing agent dissolved in a solvent with at least one amphiphilic block copolymer dissolved in a solvent to make a solution containing particles, where the particles can be subsequently separated and dispersed in a solvent of choice.

Fan, Hongyon; Sun, Zaicheng

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

454

MAKE Consulting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MAKE Consulting MAKE Consulting Jump to: navigation, search Logo: MAKE Consulting Name MAKE Consulting Address 117 N. Jefferson, Suite 400 Place Chicago, Illinois Zip 60661 Sector Wind energy Number of employees 11-50 Phone number 312-382-8440 Website http://www.make-consulting.com Coordinates 41.8838033°, -87.6426963° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.8838033,"lon":-87.6426963,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

455

Deputy Secretary Decision Affirming LWA-0005 Decision and Order  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FRANCIS M. O'LAUGHLIN, Complainant FRANCIS M. O'LAUGHLIN, Complainant v. BOEING PETROLEUM SERVICES, INC., Respondent. OHA Case No.LWA-0005 FINAL DECISION AND ORDER This is an appeal by complainant Francis O'Laughlin of the Initial Agency Decision by an Office of Hearings and Appeals ("OHA") Hearing Officer who found, following two days of hearings, that the complainant had not satisfied his burden of establishing by a preponderance of the evidence that he made protected safety disclosures to respondent Boeing Petroleum Services, Inc., a contractor of the Department of Energy's Strategic Petroleum Reserve, as required by 10 C.F.R. Part 708. On appeal, the complainant challenges the Hearing Officer's finding that he had not met his burden of showing that he had made

456

Deputy Secretary Decision Affirming VWA-0018 Decision and Order  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thomas T. Tiller v. Wackenhut Services, Inc.; Washington, D.C. Case No. VWA-0018 Thomas T. Tiller v. Wackenhut Services, Inc.; Washington, D.C. Case No. VWA-0018 Final Decision and Order Issued by the Deputy Secretary of Energy Issued February 2, 1999 * The original of this document contains information which is subject to withholding from disclosure under 5 U.S.C. 552. Such material has been deleted from this copy and replaced with XXXXXXX's. This is a request for review by complainant Thomas T. Tiller of an Initial Agency Decision, issued by the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA), denying the two reprisal complaints that he filed pursuant to 10 C.F.R. Part 708, the regulation establishing the DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program. Mr. Tiller was employed by Wackenhut Services, Inc. (Wackenhut), a DOE contractor that provides paramilitary security support services at DOE's Savannah River Site in Aiken, South Carolina.

457

Deputy Secretary Decision Affirming LWA-0010 Decision and Order  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HOWARD W. SPALETTA, Complainant HOWARD W. SPALETTA, Complainant v. EG&G IDAHO, INC., Respondent. OHA Case No. LWA-0010 FINAL DECISION AND ORDER This is an appeal by complainant Howard W. Spaletta from the Initial Agency Decision by the Office of Hearings and Appeals ("OHA") finding that the complainant, an engineer formerly employed by EG&G Idaho, Inc. (EG&G), previously the DOE's management and operating contractor at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), had established by a preponderance of the evidence that he suffered reprisal as a result of his protected safety disclosures, and ordering back pay and other remedial actions. However, OHA declined to grant the complainant certain further relief that he sought, and rejected his claim that his

458

Deputy Secretary Decision Affirming VWA-0008 Decision and Order  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

C. LAWRENCE CORNETT, ) ) Complainant, ) ) v. ) OHA Case No. VWA-0007 ) VWA-0008 MARIA ELENA TORAÑO ASSOCIATES, INC.) ) Respondent. ) FINAL AGENCY DECISION This is a request for review by Maria Elena Torano Associates, Inc. ("META"), a DOE contractor responsible for reviewing and revising the agency's waste management programmatic environmental impact statement ("PEIS"), of the Initial Agency Decision of the Office of Hearings and Appeals ("OHA") finding that Complainant C. Lawrence Cornett established that he had made protected health and safety disclosures under 10 C.F.R. Part 708 and that these disclosures were a contributing factor in his termination and finding further that META had not demonstrated that he would have been terminated absent the disclosures. R.

459

On Institutional Rationality and Decision Making in Adopting Green ICT Strategies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The growing emission of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) is identified by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) as an issue of grave concern. Accordingly, the EU has set ambitious targets for reductions in GHG emissions. The years to ...

Tom Butler; Anthony Flynn; James McGarry

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Energy star product specification development framework: Using data and analysis to make program decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENERGY STAR Buildings program and their network of municipalities that regularly install and upgrade

McWhinney, Marla; Fanara, Andrew; Clark, Robin; Hershberg, Craig; Schmeltz, Rachel; Roberson, Judy

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Decision Making under Interval and Fuzzy Uncertainty: Towards an Operational Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,2 , Oleg H. Huseynov1 , and Vladik Kreinovich3 1 Department of Computer-Aided Control Systems Azerbaijan State Oil Academy, Baku, Azerbaijan raliev@asoa.edu.az, oleg huseynov@yahoo.com 2 Azerbaijan Association of "Zadeh's Legacy", Baku, Azerbaijan 3 Department of Computer Science, University of Texas at El Paso El

Kreinovich, Vladik

462

DEVELOPMENT OF DECISION MAKING ALGORITHM FOR CONTROL OF SEA CARGO CONTAINERS BY 'TAGGED' NEUTRON METHOD  

SciTech Connect

Nowadays in Russia and abroad there are several groups of scientists, engaged in development of systems based on 'tagged' neutron method (API method) and intended for detection of dangerous materials, including high explosives (HE). Particular attention is paid to possibility of detection of dangerous objects inside a sea cargo container. Energy gamma-spectrum, registered from object under inspection is used for determination of oxygen/carbon and nitrogen/carbon chemical ratios, according to which dangerous object is distinguished from not dangerous one. Material of filled container, however, gives rise to additional effects of rescattering and moderation of 14 MeV primary neutrons of generator, attenuation of secondary gamma-radiation from reactions of inelastic neutron scattering on objects under inspection. These effects lead to distortion of energy gamma-response from examined object and therefore prevent correct recognition of chemical ratios. These difficulties are taken into account in analytical method, presented in the paper. Method has been validated against experimental data, obtained by the system for HE detection in sea cargo, based on API method and developed in VNIIA. Influence of shielding materials on results of HE detection and identification is considered. Wood and iron were used as shielding materials. Results of method application for analysis of experimental data on HE simulator measurement (tetryl, trotyl, hexogen) are presented.

Anan'ev, A. A.; Belichenko, S. G.; Bogolyubov, E. P.; Bochkarev, O. V.; Petrov, E. V.; Polishchuk, A. M.; Udaltsov, A. Yu. [All-Russian Research Institute of Automatics 127055, Moscow, Sushevskaya st., 22 (Russian Federation)

2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

463

Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence 16 (2003) 237250 Hierarchical decision making for proactive quality control: system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and error in troubleshooting is a usual practice. In this paper, we introduce a proactive QC approach

Huang, Yinlun

464

Systematic prioritization of considerations in making offshore software development outsourcing decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Offshore outsourcing of software development projects has become increasingly prevalent over the past decade. In order to avoid potential pitfalls in outsourcing, companies must carefully select who to outsource to. Although ...

Kim, Bo S. (Bo Sung)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Collect, compare, choose: supporting the decision making cycle on the web  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the focus is on support for web users trying to cope with content from multiple sites. An important study has indicated that users become involved in the Collect, Compare and Choose cycle. Current tools have been analysed to determine ... Keywords: comparing web sites, information processing tools, paper prototyping

Elizabeth A. Kemp; Chris Phillips; Jaimee Alam

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Making Science Useful to Decision Makers: Climate Forecasts, Water Management, and Knowledge Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Moving from climate science to adaptive action is an immense challenge, especially in highly institutionalized sectors such as water resources. Knowledge networks are valuable strategies to put climate information to use. They overcome barriers ...

David L. Feldman; Helen M. Ingram

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

The Joint Polarization Experiment: Polarimetric Radar in Forecasting and Warning Decision Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To test the utility and added value of polarimetric radar products in an operational environment, data from the Norman, Oklahoma (KOUN), polarimetric Weather Surveillance Radar-1988 Doppler (WSR-88D) were delivered to the National Weather Service ...

Kevin A. Scharfenberg; Daniel J. Miller; Terry J. Schuur; Paul T. Schlatter; Scott E. Giangrande; Valery M. Melnikov; Donald W. Burgess; David L. Andra Jr.; Michael P. Foster; John M. Krause

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Architecting the Future Enterprise : a framework for supporting decision making in the selection of future states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Enterprises that are successful over the long term are compelled to continuously transform in order to adapt to new contexts or economic environments. However, many of these transformation efforts fail to achieve their ...

Raby, Matias A. (Matias Andres)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

A Method for Analysis of Expert Committee Decision-Making Applied to FDA Medical Device Panels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Nowak, J. Szamrej, and B. Latan´e, "From private attitude to public opinion: A dynamic theory of social

de Weck, Olivier L.

470

Design of Decision Making Unit for Neuro-fuzzy Control of Dynamic Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work is presented a design and implementation of an intelligent controller applied to dynamic systems. The main objective is to design a management intelligent system that acts in the controllers of Direct current machine (DC) and thermo-eletric ... Keywords: Fuzzy Logic, Neural Networks, Neuro-fuzzy Control, Systems Modeling, DC Drives, Thermo electric drives

Joao Viana da_Fonseca Neto; Gustavo Araujo de Andrade

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

EWO Mee'ng September 2012 Petrobras Refining Decision-Making Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

years of subsidies) ­ Ethanol Brazil (3 times over 50% - WW2, 1980s, 2008); ­ 10% CNG New Zealand 1990-4% till 2007, now 15% in 2012 ­ Early experiments prepared market, strategic timing of sales tax reduction, urban mobility, infrastructure. · Oslo: car share ­Move About · Note recent sales of Renault Twizzy, low

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

472

Group decision making process for supplier selection with VIKOR under fuzzy environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During recent years, how to determine suitable suppliers in the supply chain has become a key strategic consideration. However, the nature of supplier selection is a complex multi-criteria problem including both quantitative and qualitative factors which ... Keywords: Fuzzy set, Supplier selection, VIKOR

Amir Sanayei; S. Farid Mousavi; A. Yazdankhah

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Seminar on Uncertainty & Decision Making Ghent University and Belgian Nuclear Research Centre  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Matemáticas, UCM "Soft Computing and Nuclear Reactor Control" ABSTRACT: The need for on-line reactor operator, as a means of expressing linguistic expressions mathematically, has been recently applied to nuclear reactor) for controlling the power level of a nuclear reactor, the study was intended to assess the applicability of fuzzy

Tradacete, Pedro

474

The Annapolis Accords on the use of toxicology in decision-making. Annapolis Center Workshop Report.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1975). Dr. Lewis joined Exxon Corporation in 1975 and hashealth. Dr. Lewis received Exxon Biomedical Sciences’

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Factored Models for Multiscale Decision-Making in Smart Grid Customers Prashant P. Reddy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is an essential component of Turkish electricity reform. Yet, this tariff structure might create real hardship for residential tariffs. Conversely a number of taxes are presently levied on electricity consumers in provincial tariffs. Table 3 shows the provincial pattern of electricity expenditure and the proportion

Veloso, Manuela M.

476

A reinforcement learning approach to autonomous decision-making in smart electricity markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vision of a Smart Electric Grid relies critically on substantial advances in intelligent decentralized control mechanisms. We propose a novel class of autonomous broker agents for retail electricity trading that can operate in a wide range of Smart ... Keywords: Energy brokers, Feature selection, Reinforcement learning, Smart electricity grid, Trading agents

Markus Peters; Wolfgang Ketter; Maytal Saar-Tsechansky; John Collins

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

3. General Medical Council. Consent: patients and doctors making decisions together. General Medical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

disclosure prior to bronchoscopy’dBianchi et al We are grateful to Dr Bianchi and colleagues for their interest in our study. 1 They argue that ‘knowledge of local and even personal bronchoscopic practice and performance’ is necessary to determine the level of risk to the patient from the procedure and hence the degree of information that must be provided. 2 This is certainly true if there is reason to believe that the risks in an institution or for an individual differ significantly from the normdin either direction. A database, such as that used in the Sheffield Teaching Hospitals, for recording complications following bronchoscopy is a valuable resource for auditing outcomes and quality assurance. However, one must be cautious when interpreting the absence of a serious complication in any given series. Hanley and Lippman-Hand, in a now-classic paper, described the ‘rule of three ’ for such series: if none of n patients showed the event of interest, we can be 95 % confident that the chance of this event is at most 3/n. 3 For example, the Sheffield data showing no death with 1261 fibreoptic bronchoscopies translate into a 95 % confidence limit ranging from zero to an upper limit of 1 death in 420 procedures (Clinicians may find the other implication of using CIdthat occurrence of an uncommon complication is not of itself an evidence of poor performancedmore comforting). The absence of an uncommon complication in a personal or an institutional series will not of itself help the clinician strike the difficult balance between providing too much and too little risk information. 3. Hanley JA, Lippman-Hand A. If nothing goes wrong, is everything all right? Interpreting zero numerators.

Council Uk

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Risks and decision making in development of new power plant projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power plant development projects are typically capital intensive and subject to a complex network of interconnected risks that impact development's performance. Failure to develop a power plant to meet performance constraints ...

Kristinsdottir, Asbjorg

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

A Framework for Measurement Feedback to Improve Decision-Making in Mental Health  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The organizational context of children’s mental healthorganizational norms such as culture and climate in mental health

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Is planning failing? : the impacts of decision making processes on the Green Line Extension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research was conducted on the proposed Green Line Extension, a light rail corridor from Cambridge through Somerville and Medford, Massachusetts. The project is being undertaken by the Massachusetts Executive Office of ...

Ciborowski, Matthew A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "human decision making" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

No option would satisfy everyone. [Decision making for decontamination of groundwater  

SciTech Connect

In an address to registered sanitarians and restaurant inspectors, the Environmental Risk Coordinator for Oak Ridge National Laboratory discussed health risks and the cost of remediation for a typical site with contaminated groundwater. After consideration of each option it was clear that no option satisfied everyone in the group. Even though most members wanted aggressive treatment, they were frustrated to learn that aggressive and expensive treatments were no more effective than the no action option.

Krause, C. (Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Oak Ridge, TN (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Applications of Monsoon Research: Opportunities to Inform Decision Making and Reduce Regional Vulnerability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents ongoing efforts to understand interactions between the North American monsoon and society in order to develop applications for monsoon research in a highly complex, multicultural, and binational region. The North American ...

Andrea J. Ray; Gregg M. Garfin; Margaret Wilder; Marcela Vásquez-León; Melanie Lenart; Andrew C. Comrie

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Computer-Aided Dispatch System as a Decision Making Tool in Public and Private Sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe in detail seven distinct areas in both public and private sectors in which a real-time computer-aided dispatch system is applicable to the allocation of scarce resources. Characteristics of a real-time ...

Lee, I-Jen

484

Information, The Internet, Elected Officials,and Local Government Decision Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Citizens, and New Communication Technologies. New York:information and communication technology (ICT) use by localinformation and communications technologies (ICTs) into the

Danziger, Jim N; Dunkle, Debbie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Household Evacuation Decision Making and the Benefits of Improved Hurricane Forecasting: Developing a Framework for Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hurricane warnings are the primary sources of information that enable the public to assess the risk and develop responses to threats from hurricanes. These warnings have significantly reduced the number of hurricane-related fatalities in the last ...

Jeffrey K. Lazo; Donald M. Waldman; Betty Hearn Morrow; Jennifer A. Thacher

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Making a difference on the ground: the challenge of demonstrating the effectiveness of decision support  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

e.g. , Visbeck 2007). Another NRC panel is currently workingand the advice of the NRC, what difference would theseauthor is a member of this NRC panel; for more information,

Moser, Susanne

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Maintenance decision making tool reaching a compromise between maintainability and reliability performances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

., 2004). From a global perspective of lifecycle management, the new role of the maintenance process to be transformed by the system), to management (requirements for the use of the system) and legal recommendations system with the same RUL. This study allowed to consider an opportunistic maintenance intervention

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

488

The 'Make or Buy' Decision in U.S. Electricity Generation Investments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Services Duke Energy North America Dynegy EPG Edisonelectric utilities (e.g. Duke Energy North America), all ofContinental Energy Services Duke Energy North America El

Ishii, Jun; Yan, Jingming

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

EPA's Mercury Report To Congress: A Basis for Decision-Making?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to remove acid gases from the boiler flue gas with lime injection · A fabric filter (baghouse) to control scrubber, and Regenerative Selective Catalytic Reduction (RSCR®) nitrogen oxides (NOx) control system will result in lower emissions of lead, other volatile heavy metals, and mercury than for a typical spray

Columbia University

490

Distributed decision-making of networked multi-agent systems in complex environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the root-raised cosine (RRC) filtered mean power centeredchannel frequency to the RRC filtered mean power centered on

Zhu, Minghui

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Social Influence and Household Decision-Making: A Behavioural Analysis of Housing Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the loss aversion effect. Anchoring occurs when beliefs are anchored to prior experiences; a homeowner will anchor their judgments of a house’s value to press reports and anecdotal evidence. 3 From analyses of financial markets by Odean 1998... of the housing; with intangible aspects including social value), but also the additional psychic income that a home-owner gets from knowing that their property is increasing in value. So house price appreciation becomes an element in the utility flow to give...

Baddeley, Michelle

2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

492

CLASSIFY-Profiles: Volume 2: Commercial and Industrial Customer Needs and Energy Decision Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI's CLASSIFY System provides utilities with the information, methods, and tools required to develop customer-driven products and services. Such customer-responsive offerings are crucial to achieving competitive success and high levels of customer satisfaction and loyalty. The Commercial and Industrial CLASSIFY-Profiles identify nine target markets, defined by 22 key customer needs related to business strategies, business operations, and energy operations. This report is available only to funders of Pr...

1995-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

493

Performance-Based Decision-Making in Post-Earthquake Highway Bridge Repair  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

52 BRDF demand-capacity mapping and dimensionalCost Table 5: BRDF demand-capacity mapping and dimensional

Gordin, Eugene

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

An information retrieval service to support clinical decision-making at the point of care  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sullivan,F. Gardner,M. Van Rijsbergen,C.J. British Journal of General Practice, volume 49 pp 1003-1100

Sullivan, F.; Gardner, M.

495

Cross-sector integration of urban information to enhance sustainable decision making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Helping cities to function more effectively and efficiently is one of the best ways to achieve global sustainability goals. Such improvements can come from new technologies, new information, or new management practices. This paper focuses on ways that ...

J. H. Fink

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Entrepreneurs and Newsvendors: Do Small Businesses Follow the Newsvendor Logic When Making Inventory Decisions?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and M.J. Sobel. 1992. Inventory Control with an Exponential2006. Risk Aversion in Inventory Management. Working paper.Measures On Single- Period Inventory Policy. J. Industrial

Corbett, C.J.; Fransoo, J.C.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Continuous-discrete simulation-based decision making framework for solid waste management and recycling programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solid waste produced as a by-product of our daily activities poses a major threat to societies as populations grow and economic development advances. Consequently, the effective management of solid waste has become a matter of critical importance for ... Keywords: Continuous-discrete modeling, Modeling of large scale systems, Recycling systems, Simulation based optimization, Solid waste management systems

Eric D. Antmann, Xiaoran Shi, Nurcin Celik, Yading Dai

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Smart grid technologies and the development of a decision making framework for market entry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores business opportunities in the "smart grid" environment for the Power Electronics Global Product Group (PE GPG) of ABB, Ltd. The goal of this thesis is three-fold: 1) Provide a detailed definition of ...

Lankton, Calman (Calman Ballow)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

A role for Dopamine neuron NMDA receptors in learning and decision-making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Midbrain dopamine has demonstrated roles in locomotion, motivation, associative learning, habit formation, action selection and cognition. The many functions of dopamine can be attributed to the multiple projection targets ...

Hueske, Emily (Emily Anna-Virginia)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

MARKAL-MACRO: A methodology for informed energy, economy and environmental decision making. Informal report  

SciTech Connect

Since the mid-1970`s, energy system analysts have been using models to represent the complexities of interactions in energy systems to help shape policy. Since the mid-1980`s, heightened awareness has made it necessary also to consider the environmental impacts of energy policies. MARKAL is a cost-minimizing energy-environment system planning model used to explore mid- to long-term responses to different technological futures, emissions limitations, and policy scenarios. MARKAL-MACRO is an extension of MARKAL that integrates these capabilities directly with a neoclassical macroeconomic growth model. By combining bottom-up engineering and top-down macroeconomic approaches in a single modeling framework, MARKAL-MACR is able to capture the interplay between the energy system, the economy and the environment, allowing the affects on demands of endogenously determined energy prices to be explored.

Goldstein, G.A.

1995-05-16T23:59:59.000Z