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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Hugh Outhred  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hugh Outhred Assoc. Prof. of Electrical Engineering Centre for Photovoltaic Engineering University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia Hugh Outhred is in the School of Electrical...

2

Hugh Chen  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Yu-Han (Hugh) Chen is the Director of Program Analysis and Evaluation (PA&E) within the Office of the Chief Financial Officer (CFO) at the Department of Energy (DOE). Prior to his...

3

Hugh Outhred  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hugh Outhred Hugh Outhred Assoc. Prof. of Electrical Engineering Centre for Photovoltaic Engineering University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia This speaker was a visiting speaker who delivered a talk or talks on the date(s) shown at the links below. This speaker is not otherwise associated with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, unless specifically identified as a Berkeley Lab staff member. Hugh Outhred is in the School of Electrical Engineering & Telecommunications at the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. He is also a member of the National Electricity Tribunal (a quasi-judicial appeal body associated with Australia's National Electricity Market). His research interests are in electricity industry restructuring and sustainability.Expertise: electricity industry restructuring and

4

Hugh Chen | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hugh Chen Hugh Chen About Us Hugh Chen - Deputy Director for Finance, Incentives, and Program Analysis Hugh Chen Hugh Chen is the Deputy Director for Finance, Incentives, and Program Analysis within the Office of Energy Policy and Systems Analysis (EPSA) at the U.S. Department of Energy. Within EPSA, Hugh leads an office that provides independent analysis on energy-related markets, policies, and investments that support the nation's energy goals. Prior to joining EPSA, Hugh was the Director of Program Analysis and Evaluation (PA&E) within the Office of the Chief Financial Officer (CFO). At PA&E, Hugh was responsible for goals, performance, and investment decision analysis across DOE's efforts in clean energy, national security, and basic research. Prior to DOE, Hugh spent five years in the Pentagon as a Senior Analyst

5

Forecast Technical Document Felling and Removals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forecast Technical Document Felling and Removals Forecasts A document describing how volume fellings and removals are handled in the 2011 Production Forecast system. Tom Jenkins Robert Matthews Ewan Mackie Lesley Halsall #12;PF2011 ­ Felling and removals forecasts Background A fellings and removals

6

Solar for Mining Hugh Rudnick  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar for Mining Hugh Rudnick Professor Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile #12;Solar Energy in Mining · Solar energy is becoming affordable · Attractive potential use for mining purposes · Must solve the storage requirement to increase its participation worldwide #12;Solar Energy in Mining · Electrical Energy

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

7

FIA-12-0010 - In the Matter of Hughes Socol Piers Resnick DYM...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10 - In the Matter of Hughes Socol Piers Resnick DYM, Ltd. FIA-12-0010 - In the Matter of Hughes Socol Piers Resnick DYM, Ltd. Hughes Socol Piers Resnick DYM, Ltd. (Hughes Socol)...

8

The four `R's of energy security1 Larry Hughes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ERG/200902 The four `R's of energy security1 Larry Hughes Energy Research Group Department A slightly modified version of this paper was printed in Energy Policy, for copies, please visit http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2009.02.038 #12;The four `R's of energy security Larry Hughes Energy Research Group

Hughes, Larry

9

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUES'f BY BAKER HUGHES OILFIELD OPERATIONS, INC. ('"BAKER HUGHES")  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REQUES'f BY BAKER HUGHES OILFIELD OPERATIONS, INC. ('"BAKER HUGHES") REQUES'f BY BAKER HUGHES OILFIELD OPERATIONS, INC. ('"BAKER HUGHES") FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF PATENT RfGHTS UNDER DOE AWARD NO. DE- EE0005505 ; W(A) 2012-013 Baker Hughes has requested a waiver of patent ri ghts of the United States of Americ a for all s ul~ject inventions arising from its participation tmder the above referenced award entitled ·'D irectional Measurement- Wh ile-Drilling System for Geothermal Applications." The purpose of the av,rard is to develop a reliable Directional Measurement-While·· Drill ing (MWD) System for the creation of Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS). The sys tem to be developed under this award is a probe-based MWD tool for directional drilling that is alternator or battery povvcred, contains a navigation package capable of measuring inclinati

10

Hughes Power & Light Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hughes Power & Light Co Hughes Power & Light Co Jump to: navigation, search Name Hughes Power & Light Co Place Alaska Utility Id 9000 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location AK Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Residential: $0.7200/kWh Commercial: $0.7550/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Hughes_Power_%26_Light_Co&oldid=41084

11

2011 Brief: Henry Hub natural gas spot prices fell about 9% in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration ... Wholesale spot natural gas prices in most areas of the United States fell slightly in 2011 from the ... In other markets, ...

12

Comments of Hughes Network Systems, LLC and Inmarsat Inc. | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hughes Network Systems, LLC and Inmarsat Inc. Hughes Network Systems, LLC and Inmarsat Inc. Comments of Hughes Network Systems, LLC and Inmarsat Inc. Hughes Network Systems, LLC ("Hughes") and Inmarsat Inc. ("Inmarsat") hereby submit these comments in response to the Department of Energy's Request for Information ("RFI") in the above-referenced proceeding. Hughes and Inmarsat are global leaders in providing satellite networks and services and satellite services, respectively. Hughes and Inmarsat, both global satellite communications leaders, have a long-standing commercial relationship and have worked together in various roles on a variety of satellite communications projects over many years, including in the area of Smart Grid projects. The companies submit these joint comments to explain

13

Hughes_DPP2007_slide01-09.pdf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

H-mode performance and pedestal H-mode performance and pedestal studies with enhanced particle control on Alcator C-Mod J.W. Hughes, B. LaBombard, M. Greenwald, A. Hubbard, B. Lipschultz, K. Marr, R. McDermott, M. Reinke, J.L. Terry MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center American Physical Society 49th Annual Meeting of the Division of Plasma Physics Orlando, FL 14 November 2007 J.W. Hughes et al. "H-mode performance and pedestal studies with enhanced particle control on Alcator C-Mod" 49th APS-DPP, Orlando FL, 14 November 2007 Slide x of 9 Goal: Understand influences of particle control on H-mode behavior 2 Density control desirable in H-mode - Mitigate unwanted density rises that deteriorate confinement - Extend operation to lower collisionality for studies of ELMs and core density peaking

14

The Challenge of Greening Energy Systems1 Alain Joseph and Larry Hughes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ERG2006/11 The Challenge of Greening Energy Systems1 Alain Joseph and Larry Hughes Energy Research at the second International Green Energy Conference (IGEC) held at the University of Ontario Institute of Technology in June 2006 #12;Joseph and Hughes: The Challenge of Greening Energy Systems 1 Abstract Human

Hughes, Larry

15

Microsoft Word - Hughes + ISAT DOE NBP Smart Grid RFI comments 7-12-10 _clean_.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

D.C. 20585 D.C. 20585 ____________________________________ In the Matter of ) ) Implementing the National Broadband ) Plan by Studying the Communications ) Docket ID: DOE-HQ-2009-0003-0819 Requirements of Electric Utilities to ) Inform Federal Smart Grid Policy ) ) Request for Information ) ____________________________________) COMMENTS OF HUGHES NETWORK SYSTEMS, LLC AND INMARSAT INC. Hughes Network Systems, LLC ("Hughes") and Inmarsat Inc. ("Inmarsat") hereby submit these comments in response to the Department of Energy's Request for Information ("RFI") in the above-referenced proceeding. 1 Hughes and Inmarsat are global leaders in providing satellite networks and services and satellite services, respectively. Hughes and Inmarsat, both global

16

FIA-13-0057 - In the Matter of Shawn R. Hughes | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FIA-13-0057 - In the Matter of Shawn R. Hughes FIA-13-0057 - In the Matter of Shawn R. Hughes FIA-13-0057 - In the Matter of Shawn R. Hughes On September 10, 2013, the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) issued a decision denying an appeal (Appeal) from a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) determination issued by the Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI). The Appellant, Shawn R. Hughes, contested the adequacy of OSTI's search of records, and also argued that the Office of Information Resources (OIR) should have transferred his FOIA Request to the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Sandia National Laboratory (SNL) to conduct a search for records. After the Appeal was filed, OIR informed OHA that it transferred the Appellant's FOIA Request to the National Nuclear Security

17

FIA-13-0057 - In the Matter of Shawn R. Hughes | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 - In the Matter of Shawn R. Hughes 7 - In the Matter of Shawn R. Hughes FIA-13-0057 - In the Matter of Shawn R. Hughes On September 10, 2013, the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) issued a decision denying an appeal (Appeal) from a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) determination issued by the Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI). The Appellant, Shawn R. Hughes, contested the adequacy of OSTI's search of records, and also argued that the Office of Information Resources (OIR) should have transferred his FOIA Request to the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Sandia National Laboratory (SNL) to conduct a search for records. After the Appeal was filed, OIR informed OHA that it transferred the Appellant's FOIA Request to the National Nuclear Security

18

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY BAKER HUGHES INTEQ FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BAKER HUGHES INTEQ FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF BAKER HUGHES INTEQ FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC26-04NT15473: W(A)-04-068, CH-1246 The Petitioner, Baker Hughes INTEQ (BHI) was awarded this cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled, "Microhole Smart Steering and Logging While Drilling." The purpose of the cooperative agreement is to develop a modular and effective Coiled Tubing Drilling (CTD) system that allows operators to produce existing oil reservoirs, mainly on the North American continent, in a much more effective way than is possible today. The scope of work will include a project that will develop a rib steering device in conjunction with an integral high-performance downhole motor, and a resistivity sensor for formation evaluation.

19

Modelling the convective flow in solar thermal receivers K.C. Yeh; G. Hughes & K. Lovegrove  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modelling the convective flow in solar thermal receivers K.C. Yeh; G. Hughes & K. Lovegrove density differences produced using the varying salt concentrations in a water tank. The flow to visualise #12;Modelling the Convective Flow in Solar Thermal Receivers Yeh the flow outside the cavity mouth

20

ICM, Incorporated  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ICM, Incorporated ICM, Incorporated Corporate Headquarters: Colwich, KS Proposed Facility Location: St. Joseph, MO Description: ICM will construct and operate a pilot integrated biorefinery using a proven biochemical platform pretreatment technology enhanced by energy recycling and process flow innovations to refine terrestrial lignocellulosic biomass into fuel ethanol. The proposed process furthers the cost effective production of ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass. CEO or Equivalent: Dave Vander Griend, President and CEO Participants: AGCO Engineering; NCAUR-ARS-Peoria; CERES, Inc; Edenspace Systems Corporation; Novozymes North America, Inc; South Dakota State University; Sun Ethanol, Inc.; U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Lab; and VeraSun Energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY BAKER HUGHES INTEQ FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

t t 0 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY BAKER HUGHES INTEQ FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC26-05NT15488; W(A)-05-016, CH-1279 The Petitioner, Baker Hughes INTEQ (BHI) was awarded this cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled, "Microhole Wireless Steering and Logging While Drilling System." The purpose of the cooperative agreement is to develop a modular and effective Coiled Tubing Drilling (CTD) system that allows operators to produce existing oil reservoirs, mainly on the North American continent, in a much more effective way than is possible today. This will be accomplished by providing accurate and precise real-time geosteering even under conditions where the rig surface gear and equipment need to be minimized for cost

22

ii. articles of incorporation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

led in t. 1'. .l'tment of in the '. 84730357. Secretary of the Commonwealth. ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION. OF . ms PIEI'ALHIRGICAL SOCIETY, INC.

23

RADIATION APPLICATIONS INCORPORATED  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

. <' ," . . * . RADIATION APPLICATIONS INCORPORATED . 370 Lexl.ngton Avenue New York 17# New York jq.5' L- Contract No. A T (30-l)-2093 with the United States Atom ic Energy Commission F O A M SEPARATION Progress Report for March, 1959 Abstract Appreciable cesium enrichment in the foam has been obtained using the system sodium tetraphenyl boron-Geigy reagent. Enrichment ratios varied from 1.5 to 3.5 depending upon operating conditions. The en- richment appears to depend on the ratio of the sodium tetraphenyl boron to Geigy reagent rather than on the absolute values of the indi- vidual concentrations. Further experiments are being conducted to verify and extend the range of results. Continuous countercurrent column operation has been continued.

24

DISTRIBUTED AMPLIFIER INCORPORATING FEEDBACK  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved distributed amplifier system employing feedback for stabilization is presented. In accordance with the disclosed invention, a signal to be amplified is applled to one end of a suitable terminated grid transmission line. At intervals along the transmission line, the signal is fed to stable, resistance-capacitance coupled amplifiers incorporating feedback loops therein. The output current from each amplifier is passed through an additional tube to minimize the electrostatic capacitance between the tube elements of the last stage of the amplifier, and fed to appropriate points on an output transmission line, similar to the grid line, but terminated at the opposite (input) end. The output taken from the unterminated end of the plate transmission line is proportional to the input voltage impressed upon the grid line.

Bell, P.R. Jr.

1958-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

25

Hugh Hardy Achievements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jones, project manager; Maya Schali, project architect; JohnMueller, construction architect; Kristina Walker, interiors;Lowenberg, construction architect; Douglas Stebbins, project

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

ENGINEERING HOWARD R. HUGHES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a solar-powered house that is energy-efficient, affordable, and attractive. ·Every graduating major of Energy Solar Decathlon 2013. Engineering and architecture students will design then build and operate to the future of Las Vegas. Their work is funded by agencies including the National Science Foundation

Hemmers, Oliver

27

TOXCO Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Place British Columbia, Canada Zip V1R 4L5 Product British Columbia-based, lithium battery recycling firm. References TOXCO Incorporated1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase...

28

Molex Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Molex Incorporated Molex Incorporated Jump to: navigation, search Name Molex Incorporated Place Lisle, Illinois Zip 60532-1682 Product Illinois-based supplier of electronic components and interconnect products. The firm also produces junction boxes for PV modules. Coordinates 42.351811°, -76.004643° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.351811,"lon":-76.004643,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

29

Tremco Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tremco Incorporated Tremco Incorporated Jump to: navigation, search Name Tremco Incorporated Place Beachwood, Ohio Zip 44122 Sector Services Product Manufactures and sells roofing materials and services, as well as industrial coatings and sealants. The company has begun an effort to commercialise next generation building integrated PV systems. Coordinates 41.486346°, -81.501319° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.486346,"lon":-81.501319,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

30

Rotek Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rotek Incorporated Rotek Incorporated Jump to: navigation, search Name Rotek Incorporated Address 1400 South Chillicothe Road Place Aurora, Ohio Zip 44202 Sector Services, Solar, Wind energy Product Engineering/architectural/design; Maintenance and repair; Other:Component Supplier Phone number 330-562-4000 Website http://www.rotek-inc.com Coordinates 41.2783252°, -81.3460793° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.2783252,"lon":-81.3460793,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

31

Demonstration Assessment of Light Emitting Diode (LED) Walkway Lighting at the Federal Aviation Administration William J. Hughes Technical Center, in Atlantic City, New Jersey  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the results of a collaborative project to demonstrate a solid state lighting (SSL) general illumination product in an outdoor area walkway application. In the project, six light-emitting diode (LED) luminaires were installed to replace six existing high pressure sodium (HPS) luminaires mounted on 14-foot poles on a set of exterior walkways and stairs at the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) William J. Hughes Technical Center in Atlantic City, New Jersey, during December, 2007. The effort was a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) SSL Technology Gateway Demonstration that involved a collaborative teaming agreement between DOE, FAA and Ruud Lighting (and their wholly owned division, Beta LED). Pre- and post-installation power and illumination measurements were taken and used in calculations of energy savings and related economic payback, while personnel impacted by the new lights were provided questionnaires to gauge their perceptions and feedback. The SSL product demonstrated energy savings of over 25% while maintaining illuminance levels and improving illuminance uniformity. PNNL's economic analysis yielded a variety of potential payback results depending on the assumptions used. In the best case, replacing HPS with the LED luminaire can yield a payback as low as 3 years. The new lamps were quite popular with the affected personnel, who gave the lighting an average score of 4.46 out of 5 for improvement.

Kinzey, Bruce R.; Myer, Michael

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

32

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under NEPA Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under NEPA This Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) report is intended to provide background on the emerging, complex subject of biodiversity, outline some general concepts that underlie biological diversity analysis and management, describe how the issue is currently addressed in NEPA analyses, and provide options for agencies undertaking NEPA analyses that consider biodiversity. Council on Environmental Quality: Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under the National Environmental Policy Act More Documents & Publications Habitat Evaluation: Guidance for the Review of Environmental Impact

33

Incorporating Green Engineering and Sustainability into the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Incorporating Green Engineering and Sustainability into the Engineering Curriculum. Author(s), Richard D Sisson, James C O'Shaughnessy, ...

34

Guidance on Incorporating EPA's Pollution Prevention Strategy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Review Process The guidance discusses the Environmental Protection Agency's definition of pollution prevention; how to incorporate pollution prevention into the EPA...

35

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under NEPA Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under NEPA This Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) report is intended to provide background on the emerging, complex subject of biodiversity, outline some general concepts that underlie biological diversity analysis and management, describe how the issue is currently addressed in NEPA analyses, and provide options for agencies undertaking NEPA analyses that consider biodiversity. Council on Environmental Quality: Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under the National Environmental Policy Act More Documents & Publications Habitat Evaluation: Guidance for the Review of Environmental Impact

36

Comments of Qualcomm Incorporated | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Qualcomm Incorporated Qualcomm Incorporated Comments of Qualcomm Incorporated Qualcomm is pleased to provide these detailed comments to the Department of Energy ("DOE" or "Department") on how current and future wireless broadband communications capabilities can support the energy management needs of electric utilities, businesses, and consumers, which include requirements for the evolving and growing Smart Grid. The DOE should be applauded for timely following-up on the recommendations in the Federal Communications Commission's National Broadband Plan ("NBP") that focus on how broadband communications systems can achieve the critically important U.S. goals of energy independence and enhanced energy efficiency. See FCC NBP at 247. In this regard, Qualcomm explains how commercial

37

INCORPORATION OF MONO SODIUM TITANATE AND CRYSTALLINE SILICOTITANATE FEEDS IN HIGH LEVEL NUCLEAR WASTE GLASS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Four series of glass compositions were selected, fabricated, and characterized as part of a study to determine the impacts of the addition of Crystalline Silicotitanate (CST) and Monosodium Titanate (MST) from the Small Column Ion Exchange (SCIX) process on the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) glass waste form and the applicability of the DWPF process control models. All of the glasses studied were considerably more durable than the benchmark Environmental Assessment (EA) glass. The measured Product Consistency Test (PCT) responses were compared with the predicted values from the current DWPF durability model. One of the KT01-series and two of the KT03-series glasses had measured PCT responses that were outside the lower bound of the durability model. All of the KT04 glasses had durabilities that were predictable regardless of heat treatment or compositional view. In general, the measured viscosity values of the KT01, KT03, and KT04-series glasses are well predicted by the current DWPF viscosity model. The results of liquidus temperature (T{sub L}) measurements for the KT01-series glasses were mixed with regard to the predictability of the T{sub L} for each glass. All of the measured T{sub L} values were higher than the model predicted values, although most fell within the 95% confidence intervals. Overall, the results of this study show a reasonable ability to incorporate the anticipated SCIX streams into DWPF-type glass compositions with TiO{sub 2} concentrations of 4-5 wt % in glass.

Fox, K.; Johnson, F.; Edwards, T.

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

38

Green River Biodiesel Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Incorporated Biodiesel Incorporated Jump to: navigation, search Name Green River Biodiesel Incorporated Place Houston, Texas Zip 77056 Product Biodiesel project developer and producer. Coordinates 29.76045°, -95.369784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

39

Diverse Power Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Diverse Power Incorporated Diverse Power Incorporated Jump to: navigation, search Name Diverse Power Incorporated Place Georgia Utility Id 19219 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Electric Service Commercial General Electric Service* Commercial Outdoor Lighting HPS 100 W Lighting Outdoor Lighting HPS 150 W Lighting Outdoor Lighting HPS 250 W Lighting Outdoor Lighting HPS 400 W Lighting Outdoor Lighting MH 1000 W Lighting Outdoor Lighting MH 400 W Lighting Outdoor Lighting MV 175 W Lighting

40

MAN Ferrostaal Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MAN Ferrostaal Incorporated MAN Ferrostaal Incorporated Jump to: navigation, search Name MAN Ferrostaal Incorporated Place Cleveland Zip 44122 Product Project developer and engineering company and US-based operating subsidiary of MAN Ferrostaal AG. Coordinates 41.504365°, -81.690459° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.504365,"lon":-81.690459,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Combined cycle power plant incorporating coal gasification  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A combined cycle power plant incorporating a coal gasifier as the energy source. The gases leaving the coal gasifier pass through a liquid couplant heat exchanger before being used to drive a gas turbine. The exhaust gases of the gas turbine are used to generate both high pressure and low pressure steam for driving a steam turbine, before being exhausted to the atmosphere.

Liljedahl, Gregory N. (Tariffville, CT); Moffat, Bruce K. (Simsbury, CT)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

BIG SUN Energy Technology Incorporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technology Incorporation Place Taiwan Zip 303 Sector Solar Product Taiwan-based solar cell manufacturer. References BIG SUN Energy Technology Incorporation1 LinkedIn...

43

Flux Power Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flux Power Incorporated Flux Power Incorporated Jump to: navigation, search Name Flux Power Incorporated Place Vista, California Zip 92081 Product California-based FLux Ppower was created in late-2009 to provide monitoring, diagnostics and charging technology aimed at extending the life of lithium-ion batteries. The company signed a supply deal with Wheego in January 2010. Coordinates 37.989712°, -93.665689° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.989712,"lon":-93.665689,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

44

General Biodiesel Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Incorporated Biodiesel Incorporated Jump to: navigation, search Name General Biodiesel Incorporated Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98136 Product General BioDieselâ"¢, Inc. specializes in producing high-quality biodiesel by processing vegetable oils (primarily palm, canola, soy, linseed, coconut, mustard and cotton) and by cleaning and recycling cooking oils. Coordinates 47.60356°, -122.329439° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.60356,"lon":-122.329439,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

45

Incorporation of noble metals into aerogels  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Aerogels or xerogels containing atomically dispersed noble metals for applications such as environmental remediation are disclosed. New noble metal precursors, such as Pt--Si or Pd(Si--P){sub 2}, have been created to bridge the incompatibility between noble metals and oxygen, followed by their incorporation into the aerogel or xerogel through sol-gel chemistry and processing. Applications include oxidation of hydrocarbons and reduction of nitrogen oxide species, complete oxidation of volatile organic carbon species, oxidative membranes for photocatalysis and partial oxidation for synthetic applications.

Hair, L.M.; Sanner, R.D.; Coronado, P.R.

1998-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

46

Incorporation of noble metals into aerogels  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Aerogels or xerogels containing atomically dispersed noble metals for applications such environmental remediation. New noble metal precursors, such as Pt--Si or Pd(Si--P).sub.2, have been created to bridge the incompatibility between noble metals and oxygen, followed by their incorporation into the aerogel or xerogel through sol-gel chemistry and processing. Applications include oxidation of hydrocarbons and reduction of nitrogen oxide species, complete oxidation of volatile organic carbon species, oxidative membranes for photocatalysis and partial oxidation for synthetic applications.

Hair, Lucy M. (Livermore, CA); Sanner, Robert D. (Livermore, CA); Coronado, Paul R. (Livermore, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Radiation collimator and systems incorporating same  

SciTech Connect

A collimator including a housing having disposed therein a shield element surrounding a converter core in which a photon beam is generated from electrons emanating from a linear accelerator. A beam channeler longitudinally adjacent the shield element has a beam aperture therethrough coaxially aligned with, and of the same diameter as, an exit bore of the converter core. A larger entry bore in the converter core is coaxial with, and longitudinally separated from, the exit bore thereof. Systems incorporating the collimator are also disclosed.

Norman, Daren R. (Idaho Falls, ID); Yoon, Woo Y. (Idaho Falls, ID); Jones, James L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Haskell, Kevin J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Bennett, Brion D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Tschaggeny, Charles W. (Woods Cross, UT); Jones, Warren F. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

48

Incorporating Experience Curves in Appliance Standards Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The technical analyses in support of U.S. energy conservation standards for residential appliances and commercial equipment have typically assumed that manufacturing costs and retail prices remain constant during the projected 30-year analysis period. There is, however, considerable evidence that this assumption does not reflect real market prices. Costs and prices generally fall in relation to cumulative production, a phenomenon known as experience and modeled by a fairly robust empirical experience curve. Using price data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and shipment data obtained as part of the standards analysis process, we present U.S. experience curves for room air conditioners, clothes dryers, central air conditioners, furnaces, and refrigerators and freezers. These allow us to develop more representative appliance price projections than the assumption-based approach of constant prices. These experience curves were incorporated into recent energy conservation standards for these products. The impact on the national modeling can be significant, often increasing the net present value of potential standard levels in the analysis. In some cases a previously cost-negative potential standard level demonstrates a benefit when incorporating experience. These results imply that past energy conservation standards analyses may have undervalued the economic benefits of potential standard levels.

Garbesi, Karina; Chan, Peter; Greenblatt, Jeffery; Kantner, Colleen; Lekov, Alex; Meyers, Stephen; Rosenquist, Gregory; Buskirk, Robert Van; Yang, Hung-Chia; Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

49

NEVADA TEAM AGREEMENT BETWEEN WACKENHUT SERVICES, INCORPORATED  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NEVADA TEAM NEVADA TEAM AGREEMENT BETWEEN WACKENHUT SERVICES, INCORPORATED AND INDEPENDENT GUARD ASSOCIATION OF NEVADA LOCAL NO. 1 2009 - 2014 LAS VEGAS, NEVADA LAS VEGAS, NEVADA AGREEMENT BETWEEN WSI AND INDEPENDENT GUARD ASSOCIATION OF NEVADA LOCAL NO. 1 2009 - 2014 LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 1 AGREEMENT BETWEEN WSI AND INDEPENDENT GUARD ASSOCIATION OF NEVADA LOCAL NO. 1 2009 - 2014 LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 2 PREAMBLE This Agreement is entered into this first day of July 2009, by and between WSI, hereinafter referred to as the "Company" and the Independent Guard Association of Nevada, Local No. 1, hereinafter referred to as the "Union" as the sole and exclusive representative for the purposes of collective bargaining for the Company's employees employed at the locations described in

50

Radiation shielding materials and containers incorporating same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved radiation shielding material and storage systems for radioactive materials incorporating the same. The PYRolytic Uranium Compound ("PYRUC") shielding material is preferably formed by heat and/or pressure treatment of a precursor material comprising microspheres of a uranium compound, such as uranium dioxide or uranium carbide, and a suitable binder. The PYRUC shielding material provides improved radiation shielding, thermal characteristic, cost and ease of use in comparison with other shielding materials. The shielding material can be used to form containment systems, container vessels, shielding structures, and containment storage areas, all of which can be used to house radioactive waste. The preferred shielding system is in the form of a container for storage, transportation, and disposal of radioactive waste. In addition, improved methods for preparing uranium dioxide and uranium carbide microspheres for use in the radiation shielding materials are also provided.

Mirsky, Steven M. (Greenbelt, MD); Krill, Stephen J. (Arlington, VA); Murray, Alexander P. (Gaithersburg, MD)

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Solar cells incorporating light harvesting arrays  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solar cell incorporates a light harvesting array that comprises: (a) a first substrate comprising a first electrode; and (b) a layer of light harvesting rods electrically coupled to the first electrode, each of the light harvesting rods comprising a polymer of Formula I: X.sup.1.paren open-st.X.sup.m+1).sub.m (I) wherein m is at least 1, and may be from two, three or four to 20 or more; X.sup.1 is a charge separation group (and preferably a porphyrinic macrocycle, which may be one ligand of a double-decker sandwich compound) having an excited-state of energy equal to or lower than that of X.sup.2 ; and X.sup.2 through X.sup.m+1 are chromophores (and again are preferably porphyrinic macrocycles).

Lindsey, Jonathan S. (Raleigh, NC); Meyer, Gerald J. (Baltimore, MD)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Radiation Shielding Materials and Containers Incorporating Same  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An improved radiation shielding material and storage systems for radioactive materials incorporating the same. The PYRolytic Uranium Compound (''PYRUC'') shielding material is preferably formed by heat and/or pressure treatment of a precursor material comprising microspheres of a uranium compound, such as uranium dioxide or uranium carbide, and a suitable binder. The PYRUC shielding material provides improved radiation shielding, thermal characteristic, cost and ease of use in comparison with other shielding materials. The shielding material can be used to form containment systems, container vessels, shielding structures, and containment storage areas, all of which can be used to house radioactive waste. The preferred shielding system is in the form of a container for storage, transportation, and disposal of radioactive waste. In addition, improved methods for preparing uranium dioxide and uranium carbide microspheres for use in the radiation shielding materials are also provided.

Mirsky, Steven M.; Krill, Stephen J.; and Murray, Alexander P.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Incorporating LCA tools in integrated simulation environments  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we address the issue of building data schema evolution in integrated simulation environments, as seen from the perspective of incorporating LCA tools within these environments. First we describe the key features of an integrated simulation environment designed for expandability, focusing on (a) the mechanism for the expansion of the integrated environment, and (b) its overall system architecture that allows processes and data to be added to the system without modifications or restructuring of existing code. We then focus on how the data schema allows the inclusion and maintenance of specialized construction objects bearing LCA data. Finally, we discuss various integration issues that arise from modeling capabilities and idiosyncrasies of individual simulation and analysis tools.

Pal, Vineeta; Papamichael, Konstantinos; Bourassa, Norman; Loffeld, John J.

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Radiation Shielding Materials and Containers Incorporating Same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved radiation shielding material and storage systems for radioactive materials incorporating the same. The PYRolytic Uranium Compound (''PYRUC'') shielding material is preferably formed by heat and/or pressure treatment of a precursor material comprising microspheres of a uranium compound, such as uranium dioxide or uranium carbide, and a suitable binder. The PYRUC shielding material provides improved radiation shielding, thermal characteristic, cost and ease of use in comparison with other shielding materials. The shielding material can be used to form containment systems, container vessels, shielding structures, and containment storage areas, all of which can be used to house radioactive waste. The preferred shielding system is in the form of a container for storage, transportation, and disposal of radioactive waste. In addition, improved methods for preparing uranium dioxide and uranium carbide microspheres for use in the radiation shielding materials are also provided.

Mirsky, Steven M.; Krill, Stephen J.; and Murray, Alexander P.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

2012 Brief: Average wholesale natural gas prices fell 31% in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Nuclear & Uranium. Uranium fuel ... Falling Eastern Canadian natural gas production coupled with reduced LNG deliveries into New ... After ...

56

Crude oil, natural gas, and petroleum products prices all fell ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

So oil prices averaged over the year decreased sharply while year-end price ... Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil and Natural Gas Wellhead Prices, 1972-2009

57

Production of fossil fuel from federal and Indian lands fell ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sales of fossil fuels from production on federal and Indian lands in fiscal year (FY) 2012 dropped 4% from FY 2011, according to data from the Department of the ...

58

Norway's natural gas exports to continental Europe fell in spring ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

59

Blasting detonators incorporating semiconductor bridge technology  

SciTech Connect

The enormity of the coal mine and extraction industries in Russia and the obvious need in both Russia and the US for cost savings and enhanced safety in those industries suggests that joint studies and research would be of mutual benefit. The author suggests that mine sites and well platforms in Russia offer an excellent opportunity for the testing of Sandia`s precise time-delay semiconductor bridge detonators, with the potential for commercialization of the detonators for Russian and other world markets by both US and Russian companies. Sandia`s semiconductor bridge is generating interest among the blasting, mining and perforation industries. The semiconductor bridge is approximately 100 microns long, 380 microns wide and 2 microns thick. The input energy required for semiconductor bridge ignition is one-tenth the energy required for conventional bridgewire devices. Because semiconductor bridge processing is compatible with other microcircuit processing, timing and logic circuits can be incorporated onto the chip with the bridge. These circuits can provide for the precise timing demanded for cast effecting blasting. Indeed tests by Martin Marietta and computer studies by Sandia have shown that such precise timing provides for more uniform rock fragmentation, less fly rock, reduce4d ground shock, fewer ground contaminants and less dust. Cost studies have revealed that the use of precisely timed semiconductor bridges can provide a savings of $200,000 per site per year. In addition to Russia`s vast mineral resources, the Russian Mining Institute outside Moscow has had significant programs in rock fragmentation for many years. He anticipated that collaborative studies by the Institute and Sandia`s modellers would be a valuable resource for field studies.

Bickes, R.W. Jr.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Deuterium incorporation in biomass cell wall components by NMR analysis  

SciTech Connect

A commercially available deuterated kale sample was analyzed for deuterium incorporation by ionic liquid solution 2H and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). This protocol was found to effectively measure the percent deuterium incorporation at 33%, comparable to the 31% value determined by combustion. The solution NMR technique also suggested by a qualitative analysis that deuterium is preferentially incorporated into the carbohydrate components of the kale sample.

Foston, Marcus B [ORNL; McGaughey, Joseph [ORNL; O'Neill, Hugh Michael [ORNL; Evans, Barbara R [ORNL; Ragauskas, Arthur J [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Energy Efficient Electrochromic Windows Incorporating Ionic Liquids  

SciTech Connect

One approach to increasing the energy efficiency of windows is to control the amount of solar radiation transmitted through a window by using electrochromic technology. What is unique about this project is that the electrochromic is based on the reduction/oxidation reactions of cathodic and anodic organic semi-conducting polymers using room temperature ionic liquids as ion transport electrolytes. It is believed that these types of coatings would be a lower cost alternative to traditional all inorganic thin film based electrochromic technologies. Although there are patents1 based on the proposed technology, it has never been reduced to practice and thoroughly evaluated (i.e. durability and performance) in a window application. We demonstrate that by using organic semi-conductive polymers, specific bands of the solar spectrum (specifically visible and near infrared) can be targeted for electrochemical variable transmittance responsiveness. In addition, when the technology is incorporated into an insulating glass unit, the energy parameters such as the solar heat gain coefficient and the light to solar gain ratio are improved over that of a typical insulating glass unit comprised of glass with a low emissivity coating. A minimum of {approx}0.02 quads of energy savings per year with a reduction of carbon emissions for electricity of {approx}320 MKg/yr benefit is achieved over that of a typical insulating glass unit including a double silver low-E coating. Note that these values include a penalty in the heating season. If this penalty is removed (i.e. in southern climates or commercial structures where cooling is predominate year-round) a maximum energy savings of {approx}0.05 quad per year and {approx}801 MKg/yr can be achieved over that of a typical insulating glass unit including a double silver low-E coating. In its current state, the technology is not durable enough for an exterior window application. The primary downfall is that the redox chemistry fails to recover to a bleached state upon exposure to heat and solar radiation while being cycled over time from the bleached to the dark state. Most likely the polymers are undergoing degradation reactions which are accelerated by heat and solar exposure while in either the reduced or oxidized states and the performance of the polymers is greatly reduced over time. For this technology to succeed in an exterior window application, there needs to be more work done to understand the degradation of the polymers under real-life application conditions such as elevated temperatures and solar exposure so that recommendations for improvements in to the overall system can be made. This will be the key to utilizing this type of technology in any future real-life applications.

Cheri Boykin; James Finley; Donald Anthony; Julianna Knowles; Richard Markovic; Michael Buchanan; Mary Ann Fuhry; Lisa Perrine

2008-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

62

Formation and Incorporation Energies of Fission Gases He, Xe, and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Formation and Incorporation Energies of Fission Gases He, Xe , ... nuclear fuels are bcc alloys of uranium that swell under fission conditions,...

63

Glass Plates under Micro-indentation Incorporation in Glass Ionomer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effects of nanocrystalline calcium de?cient hydroxyapatite gnCDHAl incorporation in glass ..... K., Nishino, M., 2003. Toughness, bonding and ?uoride release.

64

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

a significantly improved combustion system for its Mercury 50 advanced industrial gas turbine by selectively incorporating advanced alloys, coatings, and composite and...

65

REQUEST BY SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN RIGHTS IN SUBJECT INVENTIONS MADE IN THE COURSE OF OR UNDER DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO....

66

Incorporating Genomics and Bioinformatics across the Life Sciences Curriculum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Page Incorporating Genomics and Bioinformatics across the2007) Discovering Genomics, Proteomics, and Bioinformatics,2003) Public access for teaching genomics, proteomics, and

Ditty, Jayna L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Enhancing the soil organic matter pool through biomass incorporation.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A study was installed in the Upper Coastal Plain of South Carolina, USA, that sought to examine the impact of incorporating downed slash materials into subsoil layers on soil chemical and physical properties as compared with the effect of slash materials left on the soil surface. Baseline levels of slash were estimated by establishing transects within harvested stands and estimating the quantity of down wood and stumps. An equivalent quantity of biomass and two times the baseline levels were incorporated into subsurface soil layers by a CMI RS 500B reclaimer/stabilizer. Two sites were examined which differed in soil textural composition: sandy vs. clay. Site differences had no impact on machine productivity and machine costs were estimated at $US 521 ha-1 and $US 633 ha-1 on the ''sandy'' and ''clay'' sites, respectively. The feasibility of the CM1 for biomass incorporation is low due to high unit area costs but increased machine productivity would reduce costs and improve its potential. Biomass incorporation improved carbon and nutrient content of each site, especially on the sandy site. Slash levels had an impact on nutrient content but the differences were not statistically significant. For the sandy site, improvements in soil physical properties were evident in response to incorporation and machine planting operations. Bulk density and soil strength were reduced in response to biomass incorporation and tillage to levels that would not limit root production. The differences in soil physical response between incorporated treatments were minimal and not statistically significant.

Sanchez, Felipe, G.; Carter, Emily, A.; Klepac, John, F.

2003-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

68

Energy Security in Nova Scotia Larry Hughes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Governance Committee (EMGC) report listed 89 recommendations for changing the way the electricity. The recently proposed renewable energy standard (RES), Nova Scotia's version of RPS, has a 5 percent "new Norway to northern Europe and LNG to Spain and the U.K. are being touted as the means of helping

Hughes, Larry

69

Energy Security in Nova Scotia Larry Hughes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ved March 30, 2007 Interest in the gas-to-liquid process (GTL) using Fischer-Tropsch reactors (F-T) has The Fischer Tropsch (F-T) synthesis was originally devel- oped in Germany in the 1920s by Franz Fischer into syngas and, then, Fischer-Tropsch synthesis of syngas into synthetic liquid fuels. A first plant

Hughes, Larry

70

Langston Hughes Elementary School Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

_______________________________________ 24 3.1.2 Daylight _____________________________________________ 26 3.1.3 HVAC Systems-Test logistics. Gary Schmidt provided invaluable contributions in programming the survey and Mini-Test systems Support: The authors wish to thank Chris Hunt of City Visual Systems Ltd, at City College, London, for his

71

Guidance: Incorporating EPA's Pollution Prevention Strategy into Environmental Reviews  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

$'1 $'1 f%'1OIR A N Iv { JM ............................................... EiW'KRO>31ENTAL PROTECTIOX AGENCY OFF~E C)F FEI)ERAL ACTIVITIES Guidance on Incorporating EPA's Pollution Prevention Strategy ,' into EPA's Environmental Revielv Process The Office of Federal Activities (OFA) is issuing guidance which incorporates the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Pollution Prevention Strategy into the Agency's National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and Section 309 of the Clean Air Act review processes. Prevention To implement thePollution Act of 1990, this guidance focuses primarily upon influencing federal agencies' policies, practices, and regulatory functions to incorporate pollution prevention into their planning and decision-making. IMckzround

72

Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Considerations into Reconstruction and Village Development Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Considerations into Reconstruction and Village Development Planning Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA), Government of Pakistan Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use Topics Adaptation, Finance, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni

73

Campaigns and incentive programs that incorporate ENERGY STAR | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Campaigns and incentive programs that incorporate ENERGY STAR Campaigns and incentive programs that incorporate ENERGY STAR Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section Policies that specify the use of ENERGY STAR tools Campaigns and incentive programs that incorporate ENERGY STAR Lead by example Gather support Develop programs and policies Host a competition Use financing vehicles

74

Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Considerations into Reconstruction and Village Development Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Considerations into Reconstruction and Village Development Planning Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA), Government of Pakistan Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use Topics Adaptation, Finance, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni

75

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations into Environmental Impact Analysis under NEPA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under the National Environmental Policy Act Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under the National Environmental Policy Act CouncilonEnvironmental Quality Executive Officeof thePresident 722Jackson Place, NW Washington, DC 20503 January 1993 This report presents the results of consultations by the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) concerning the consideration of biological diversity in analyses prepared under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). This report is intended to provide background on the emerging, complex subject of biodi- versity, outline some general concepts that underlie biological diversity analysis and man-

76

DOE Cites Bechtel National Incorporated for Price-Anderson Violations |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incorporated for Price-Anderson Incorporated for Price-Anderson Violations DOE Cites Bechtel National Incorporated for Price-Anderson Violations March 16, 2006 - 12:46pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy (DOE) today notified Bechtel National Incorporated (BNI) that it will fine the company $198,000 for violations of the Department's nuclear safety requirements. BNI is the primary design and construction contractor for the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). The Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) issued today cited a series of violations that occurred during the design and construction of the WTP between May 2002 and September 2005. Violations include failure to abide by design codes documented in facility safety requirements, failure to abide by inspection requirements for waste processing vessels, failure to utilize

77

DOE Cites Bechtel National Incorporated for Price-Anderson Violations |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incorporated for Price-Anderson Incorporated for Price-Anderson Violations DOE Cites Bechtel National Incorporated for Price-Anderson Violations October 4, 2007 - 3:14pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today notified Bechtel National Incorporated (BNI) that it will fine the company $165,000 for violations of the Department's nuclear safety requirements. BNI is the primary design and construction contractor for the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) located at the Hanford Site in Richland, Washington. The Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) issued today cited a series of violations that occurred during the design and construction of the WTP between October 2001 and February 2006. Violations include failures in quality processes to control design changes, and to ensure vendor-supplied

78

Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach: Incorporating Wind in Cap and Trade  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Incorporating Wind in Cap and Trade Programs Incorporating Wind in Cap and Trade Programs There are various methods of allocating allowances to renewable energy sources under cap and trade programs, such as renewable energy set asides and output-based approaches. Background materials and presentations from the January 12, 2006 Webcast below, provide information on why it is important to include wind and other renewables in cap and trade programs and how best to incorporate them. Implications of Carbon Regulation for Green Power Markets Bird, L.; Holt, E.; Carroll, G. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, April 2007. January 12, 2006 Webcast: Incorporating Renewable Energy under the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Co-Sponsors American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) U.S. DOE/NREL Wind Powering America

79

Incorporating Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the purposes of this paper, non-energy benefits are definedthat Incorporate Non-energy Benefits This paper identified aPaper presented to American Council for an Energy Efficient

Larsen, Peter

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

National Policy Assurances to be Incorporated as Award Terms | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Policy Assurances to be Incorporated as Award Terms National Policy Assurances to be Incorporated as Award Terms National Policy Assurances to be Incorporated as Award Terms The following are the National Policy Assurances which are incorporated by reference as Award Terms at time of Award. The National Policy Assurances which apply to the award are those in effect on the date of award. For example, the August 2008 version applies to all awards from August 2008 through the present. National_Policy_Assurances-September_ 2011.pdf National Policy Assurances - August 2008 National Policy Assurances - September 2007 National Policy Assurances - May 2006 National Policy Assurances - July 2005 National Policy Assurances - October 2004 More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - NationalPolicyAssurances5-06.doc

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Synthesis of Monolithic Iron Incorporated Silica Aerogels by Ambient ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the Fe to Si molar ratio not exceeding 0.10, the bulk density of iron incorporated silica aerogels increased to 0.55g/cm3, while the porosity reduced to 76%...

82

Incorporating software architecture in the computer science curriculum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This workshop introduces the concepts of software architecture and how to incorporate these concepts into the computer science and software engineering curriculum. Participants will learn techniques used in industry to specify quality attributes critical ...

Martin L. Barrett; Ayse Bener; Steve Chenoweth

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Effects of Incorporation of Silica and Zirconia Nanoparticles on the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Composites with weak interface showed essentially no change in Tg and damping or even ... On the other hand, incorporation of the particles did not alter the thermal ... of a Novel Hybrid Bimodal Network Elastomer with Inorganic Cross

84

The Intrinsic Structure of Optic Flow Incorporating Measurement Duality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this article is to define optic flow for scalar and density images without using a priori knowledge other than its defining conservation principle, and to incorporate measurement ...

Luc Florack; Wiro Niessen; Mads Nielsen

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

ISO New England, Incorporated Smart Grid Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incorporated Smart Grid Project Incorporated Smart Grid Project Jump to: navigation, search Project Lead ISO New England, Incorporated Country United States Headquarters Location Holyoke, Massachusetts Additional Benefit Places Connecticut, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont Recovery Act Funding $7993714 Total Project Value $18087427 Coverage Area Coverage Map: ISO New England, Incorporated Smart Grid Project Coordinates 42.2042586°, -72.6162009° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

86

Single and Multiple Heteroatom Incorporation in MFI Zeolites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Zeolites are crystalline inorganic solids that are industrially used for adsorption, ion exchange and catalysis. As catalysts, they have been particularly successful in the hydrocarbon processing industry due to their unique activities and selectivities. Zeolites are mainly used in acid catalyzed reactions, but their catalytic functionality can be diversified through the incorporation of elements that are traditionally not part of their framework. The incorporation of various elements has been studied in recent decades resulting in zeolites with potential to perform different chemistries or improve catalytic performance in existing ones. However, many of these investigations have been conducted under conditions that do not necessarily represent realistic scenarios for industrial implementation. The main objective of this dissertation was to study the single and simultaneous framework incorporation of tin, boron, germanium and aluminum in MFI zeolites under synthesis conditions that are more in line with industrial preparations. These include the use of mixtures in alkaline media with high concentration of precursor species. The interest on tin resides on its potential for Lewis acid catalysis, while boron and germanium have potential for modulating acid strength and enhancing catalytic properties respectively. Three specific systems were studied: MFI zeolites with simultaneous incorporation of germanium and aluminum (i.e. Ge-Al-MFI zeolites), MFI zeolites with simultaneous incorporation of germanium and boron (i.e. B-Ge-MFI zeolites), and MFI zeolites with single incorporation of tin (i.e. Sn-MFI zeolites). Systematic synthesis experiments were coupled with extensive analytical characterization in order to assess how element incorporation and zeolite physicochemical properties are affected by synthesis conditions. In addition, the catalytic activity of Sn-MFI zeolites for the hydroxylation of phenol was studied. The general conclusion from this work is that framework incorporation of these elements is highly influenced by pH, mixture composition and the presence of sodium cations. Sodium cations are commonly included in industrial preparations through the use of sodium hydroxide, but they were found to negatively affect framework incorporation due to a tendency to form stable extra-framework impurities with the heteroatoms, especially germanium and tin. pH and mixture composition are particularly influential in controlling germanium and boron incorporation, while the incorporation of tin, its coordination environment and catalytic performance were found to depend on synthesis conditions as well as post-synthesis treatments.

Garcia Vargas, Nataly

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

ENHANCEMENT OF STRUCTURAL FOAM MATERIALS BY INCORPORATION OF GASIFIER SLAG  

SciTech Connect

As advanced gasification technology is increasingly adopted as an energy source, disposal of the resulting slag will become a problem. We have shown that gasifier slag can be incorporated into foamed glass, which is currently being manufactured as an abrasive and as an insulating material. The slag we add to foamed glass does not simply act as filler, but improves the mechanical properties of the product. Incorporation of gasifier slag can make foamed glass stronger and more abrasion resistant.

Olin Perry Norton; Ronald A. Palmer; W. Gene Ramsey

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

88

Incorporating Aggregated PV Systems into the Power Grid | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incorporating Aggregated PV Systems into the Power Grid Incorporating Aggregated PV Systems into the Power Grid Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Spain Installed Wind Capacity Website Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.gwec.net/index.php?id=131 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/spain-installed-wind-capacity-website Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Feed-in Tariffs This website presents an overview of total installed wind energy capacity in Spain per year from 2000 to 2010. The page also presents the main market developments from 2010; a policy summary; a discussion of the revision in feed-in tariffs in 2010; and a future market outlook. References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Incorporating_Aggregated_PV_Systems_into_the_Power_Grid&oldid=514463

89

Manufacturing Plants Incorporate Energy Efficiency into Business Model |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manufacturing Plants Incorporate Energy Efficiency into Business Manufacturing Plants Incorporate Energy Efficiency into Business Model Manufacturing Plants Incorporate Energy Efficiency into Business Model April 27, 2011 - 12:15pm Addthis Participants of the Superior Energy Performance certification program | Photo Courtesy of Texas Industries of the Future/Dave Bray Participants of the Superior Energy Performance certification program | Photo Courtesy of Texas Industries of the Future/Dave Bray Lowell Sachs Lead Technology Partnership Specialist, Industrial Technologies Program Four Texas-based manufacturing plants are adopting robust energy efficiency standards as part of an energy management certification program led by the Department of Energy's Industrial Technologies Program. The certification program, called Superior Energy Performance, provides a

90

Incorporating Wind Generation in Cap and Trade Programs  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Incorporating Wind Generation in Incorporating Wind Generation in Cap and Trade Programs Joel Bluestein Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. Elizabeth Salerno American Wind Energy Association Lori Bird and Laura Vimmerstedt National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technical Report NREL/TP-500-40006 July 2006 Incorporating Wind Generation in Cap and Trade Programs Joel Bluestein Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. Elizabeth Salerno American Wind Energy Association Lori Bird and Laura Vimmerstedt National Renewable Energy Laboratory Prepared under Task No. WER6 6006 Technical Report NREL/TP-500-4006 July 2006 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

91

Manufacturing Plants Incorporate Energy Efficiency into Business Model |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manufacturing Plants Incorporate Energy Efficiency into Business Manufacturing Plants Incorporate Energy Efficiency into Business Model Manufacturing Plants Incorporate Energy Efficiency into Business Model April 27, 2011 - 12:15pm Addthis Participants of the Superior Energy Performance certification program | Photo Courtesy of Texas Industries of the Future/Dave Bray Participants of the Superior Energy Performance certification program | Photo Courtesy of Texas Industries of the Future/Dave Bray Lowell Sachs Lead Technology Partnership Specialist, Industrial Technologies Program Four Texas-based manufacturing plants are adopting robust energy efficiency standards as part of an energy management certification program led by the Department of Energy's Industrial Technologies Program. The certification program, called Superior Energy Performance, provides a

92

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY XANTREX TECHNOLOGY, INCORPORATED FOR AN  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

XANTREX TECHNOLOGY, INCORPORATED FOR AN XANTREX TECHNOLOGY, INCORPORATED FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE PRIME CONTRACT NO. DE-FC36-83CH10093 AND SUBCONTRACT NO. NREL-NDO-1-30628-02; W(A)-01-036; CH-1081 As set out in the attached waiver petition, Xantrex Technology, Incorporated (Xantrex) has requested an advance waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions made by its employees under the above-identified subcontract, entitled "PV Invertor Products Manufacturing and Design Improvement for Cost Reduction and Performance Enhancement". The purpose of the subcontract encompasses the development of improved photovoltaic (PV) manufacturing processes and products while reducing costs and providing a technology foundation that supports significant manufacturing scale-up. Xantex intends to accomplish this

93

ACARS Aerodynamic (Research Incorporated) Communication and Recording System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ix ix Acrononyms and Abbreviations Acronyms and Abbreviations ACARS Aerodynamic (Research Incorporated) Communication and Recording System ACSYS Arctic Climate System Study AER Atmospheric Environmental Research, Inc. AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer AFOSR Air Force Office of Scientific Research AGARD Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development ALFA AER Local Forecast and Assimilation (model) AMIP Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project ARCS Atmosphere Radiation and Cloud Stations ARCSS Arctic System Science (NSF) ARCSYM Arctic Regional Climate System Model ARINC Aerodynamic Research Incorporated Communication ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program AS anvil stratus ASTER Atmosphere-Surface Turbulent Exchange Research ASTEX Altantic Stratocumulus Transition EXperiment

94

"Violent Intent Modeling: Incorporating Cultural Knowledge into the Analytical Process  

SciTech Connect

While culture has a significant effect on the appropriate interpretation of textual data, the incorporation of cultural considerations into data transformations has not been systematic. Recognizing that the successful prevention of terrorist activities could hinge on the knowledge of the subcultures, Anthropologist and DHS intern Faith Nibbs has been addressing the need to incorporate cultural knowledge into the analytical process. In this Brown Bag she will present how cultural ideology is being used to understand how the rhetoric of group leaders influences the likelihood of their constituents to engage in violent or radicalized behavior, and how violent intent modeling can benefit from understanding that process.

Sanfilippo, Antonio P.; Nibbs, Faith G.

2007-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

95

Method for incorporating radioactive phosphoric acid solutions in concrete  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for incorporating radioactive phosphoric acid solutions in concrete is described wherein the phosphoric acid is reacted with Ca(OH)/sub 2/ to form a precipitate of hydroxyapatite and the hydroxyapatite is mixed with Portland cement to form concrete.

Wolf, G.A.; Smith, J.W.; Ihle, N.C.

1982-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

96

Integrated Modeling of Building Energy Requirements Incorporating Solar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Renewable Energy, Distributed Energy Program of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02 report LBNL-52753. February 2003. Site information and characteristics EIA (U.S. Energy InformationLBNL-58783 Integrated Modeling of Building Energy Requirements Incorporating Solar Assisted Cooling

97

Method for incorporating radioactive phosphoric acid solutions in concrete  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for incorporating radioactive phosphoric acid solutions in concrete is described wherein the phosphoric acid is reacted with Ca(OH).sub.2 to form a precipitate of hydroxyapatite and the hydroxyapatite is mixed with portland cement to form concrete.

Wolf, Gary A. (Kennewick, WA); Smith, Jeffrey W. (Lancaster, OH); Ihle, Nathan C. (Walla Walla, WA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Incorporating Copyrighted Material into STI Products | Scientific and  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Incorporating Copyrighted Material into STI Products Incorporating Copyrighted Material into STI Products Print page Print page Email page Email page Most contractors have standard procedures that their researchers are not to include third-party copyrighted material within their STI products. If such material (e.g., a chart or illustration) is included, release should be obtained from the copyright holder. The permission should state the scope of the release or permission to reproduce, distribute, prepare derivative works, display, or perform publicly so that access and availability can be accurately provided in the Announcement Notice (AN 241.1 or AN 241.3). The STI product originator should maintain all documentation related to getting permission from the copyright owner or authorized representative at the originating site.

99

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED (SOLAR) FOR  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

23 3 9 10:39 FRO DOE-IPC-CHICAGO TO PGCP-HQ PfGE.002 23 3 9 10:39 FRO DOE-IPC-CHICAGO TO PGCP-HQ PfGE.002 STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED (SOLAR) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO: DE-AC02-92CE40960; W(A)-93-004; CH-0755 Solar Turbines Incorporated (Solar), a wholly owned subsidiary of Caterpillar Inc., has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions of its employees under this contract. In response to an RFP, Solar was awarded a letter contract on September 25, 1992. It is anticipated that the letter contract will be definitized by the end of March 1993. Solar's obligation to continue performance under the contract is contingent upon DOE granting a waiver of rights to subject inventions in

100

Passive Tamper Indicating Enclosures Incorporating Embedded Optical Fibre  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AWE and PNNL are engaged in a technical collaboration investigating techniques to enhance continuity of knowledge over Accountable Items within a verified nuclear weapons dismantlement process. Tamper Indicating Enclosures (TIE) will likely be deployed as part of a chain of custody regime to indicate an unauthorised attempt to access an Accountable Item. This paper looks at the use of passive TIEs incorporating embedded optical fibre; concepts relating to deployment, tamper indication and unique identification will be discussed.

Wynn, Paul; White, Helen; Allen, Keir; Simmons, Kevin L.; Sliva, Paul; Benz, Jacob M.; Tanner, Jennifer E.

2011-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Hydrogen incorporation into III-V nitrides during processing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hydrogen is readily incorporated into GaN and related alloys during wet and dry etching, chemical vapor deposition of dielectric overlayers, boiling in water and other process steps, in addition to its effects during MOCVD or MOMBE growth. The hydrogen is bound at defects or impurities and passivates their electrical activity. Reactivation occurs at 450-550{degrees}C, but evolution from the crystal requires much higher temperatures ({ge} 800{degrees}C).

Pearton, S.J.; Abernathy, C.R.; Vartuli, C.B. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)] [and others

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Engineering internship at Brown & Root, Incorporated: a report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An engineering intership at Brown & Root, Incorporated was completed over a period slightly in excess of one year. During his internship, the industrial engineer was assigned tasks related to the organization of a manufacturing department and the pursuit and completion of its projects. Many of his contributions were system-related and involved sales, engineering proposals, engineering economy, contract negotiations, employee merit evaluation, design, and general groundwork. He was also assigned to two engineering projects concerning the design and construction of manufacturing facilities. One of the project assignments required international travel to England and Nigeria, and almost all of the assignments involved some aspect of engineering management.

Gannaway, Randall Joe, 1952-

1977-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Incorporation of Cu Acceptors in ZnO Nanocrystals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Doping of semiconductor nanocrystals is an important problem in nanomaterials research. Using infrared (IR) and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), we have observed Cu acceptor dopants that were intentionally introduced into ZnO nanocrystals. The incorporation of Cu2+ dopants increased as the diameter of the nanocrystals was increased from ~3 to 5 nm. Etching the nanocrystals with acetic acid revealed a core-shell structure, where a 2-nm lightly doped core is surrounded by a heavily doped shell. These observations are consistent with the trapped dopant model, in which dopant atoms stick to the surface of the core and are overgrown by the nanocrystal material.

Oo, W.M.H.; Mccluskey, Matthew D.; Huso, Jesse; Morrison, J.; Bergman, Leah; Engelhard, Mark H.; Saraf, Laxmikant V.

2010-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

104

Yttrium Dopants in Titania: not Structurally Incorporated but Bound at  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Yttrium Dopants in Titania: not Structurally Yttrium Dopants in Titania: not Structurally Incorporated but Bound at Surfaces Structurally incorporated impurities have been shown to have systematic effects on the rate of the thermally driven transformation in titania nanoparticles [1-4]. The anatase-to-rutile transformation is slowed when anatase nanoparticles are doped with a cation of valence > +4, but favored when the valence < +4. Based on these observations, Y3+ dopants should promote the anatase-to-rutile transformation. However, prior studies showed that the transformation is inhibited by Y3+ impurities [1,2], without explaining this observation. In a study led by the scientists of University of California Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) experiments on yttrium-doped titania nanoparticles were conducted for determining the local structural environment of Y3+ impurities. The experiments were developed in collaboration with SSRL beamline scientists at BLs 10-2 and 11-2.

105

The effects of incorporating dynamic data on estimates of uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Petroleum exploration and development are capital intensive and smart economic decisions that need to be made to profitably extract oil and gas from the reservoirs. Accurate quantification of uncertainty in production forecasts will help in assessing risk and making good economic decisions. This study investigates the effect of combining dynamic data with the uncertainty in static data to see the effect on estimates of uncertainty in production forecasting. Fifty permeability realizations were generated for a reservoir in west Texas from available petrophysical data. We quantified the uncertainty in the production forecasts using a likelihood weighting method and an automatic history matching technique combined with linear uncertainty analysis. The results were compared with the uncertainty predicted using only static data. We also investigated approaches for best selecting a smaller number of models from a larger set of realizations to be history matched for quantification of uncertainty. We found that incorporating dynamic data in a reservoir model will result in lower estimates of uncertainty than considering only static data. However, incorporation of dynamic data does not guarantee that the forecasted ranges will encompass the true value. Reliability of the forecasted ranges depends on the method employed. When sampling multiple realizations of static data for history matching to quantify uncertainty, a sampling over the entire range of realization likelihoods shows larger confidence intervals and is more likely to encompass the true value for predicted fluid recoveries, as compared to selecting the best models.

Mulla, Shahebaz Hisamuddin

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Ultra-Deepwater Advisory Committee Members | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cooper* Professor University of California, Berkeley Dr. Quenton R. Dokken PresidentCEO Gulf of Mexico Foundation Dr. Hartley H. Downs Technology Fellow Baker Hughes Incorporated...

107

Net Metering and Interconnection Procedures-- Incorporating Best Practices  

SciTech Connect

State utility commissions and utilities themselves are actively developing and revising their procedures for the interconnection and net metering of distributed generation. However, the procedures most often used by regulators and utilities as models have not been updated in the past three years, in which time most of the distributed solar facilities in the United States have been installed. In that period, the Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) has been a participant in more than thirty state utility commission rulemakings regarding interconnection and net metering of distributed generation. With the knowledge gained from this experience, IREC has updated its model procedures to incorporate current best practices. This paper presents the most significant changes made to IREC???¢????????s model interconnection and net metering procedures.

Jason Keyes, Kevin Fox, Joseph Wiedman, Staff at North Carolina Solar Center

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Reliability assessment of autonomous power systems incorporating HVDC interconnection links  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this paper is to present an improved computational method for the overall reliability assessment of autonomous power systems that may or may not contain HVdc interconnection links. This is a hybrid method based on a Monte-Carlo simulation sequential approach which incorporates an analytical approach for the reliability modeling of the HVdc transmission links. The developed models and techniques have been implemented into a computer program that can be used to simulate the operational practices and characteristics of the overall system under study efficiently and realistically. A set of reliability indices are calculated for each load-point of interest and the entire system while a set of additional indices is calculated for quantifying the reliability performance of the interconnection links under the specified operating requirements. The analysis of a practical system is also included for a number of studies representing its various operating and design characteristics.

Dialynas, E.N.; Koskolos, N.C. [National Technical Univ., Athens (Greece). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Agoris, D. [Public Power Corp., Athens (Greece)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Incorporating uncertainty in RADTRAN 6.0 input files.  

SciTech Connect

Uncertainty may be introduced into RADTRAN analyses by distributing input parameters. The MELCOR Uncertainty Engine (Gauntt and Erickson, 2004) has been adapted for use in RADTRAN to determine the parameter shape and minimum and maximum of the distribution, to sample on the distribution, and to create an appropriate RADTRAN batch file. Coupling input parameters is not possible in this initial application. It is recommended that the analyst be very familiar with RADTRAN and able to edit or create a RADTRAN input file using a text editor before implementing the RADTRAN Uncertainty Analysis Module. Installation of the MELCOR Uncertainty Engine is required for incorporation of uncertainty into RADTRAN. Gauntt and Erickson (2004) provides installation instructions as well as a description and user guide for the uncertainty engine.

Dennis, Matthew L.; Weiner, Ruth F.; Heames, Terence John (Alion Science and Technology)

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Incorporating Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts Title Incorporating Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts Publication Type Conference Paper Year of Publication 2012 Authors Larsen, Peter H., Charles A. Goldman, Donald Gilligan, and Terry E. Singer Conference Name 2012 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Date Published 2012 Publisher ACEEE Conference Location Asilomar Conference Center, Pacific Grove, California Abstract This paper evaluates the issue of non-energy benefits within the context of the U.S. energy services company (ESCO) industry-a growing industry comprised of companies that provide energy savings and other benefits to customers through the use of performance-based contracting. Recent analysis has found that ESCO projects in the public/institutional sector, especially at K-12 schools, are using performance-based contracting, at the behest of the customers, to partially -- but not fully -- offset substantial accumulated deferred maintenance needs (e.g., asbestos removal, wiring) and measures that have very long paybacks (roof replacement). This trend is affecting the traditional economic measures policymakers use to evaluate success on a benefit to cost basis. Moreover, the value of non-energy benefits which can offset some or all of the cost of the non-energy measures -- including operations and maintenance (O&M) savings, avoided capital costs, and tradable pollution emissions allowances -- are not always incorporated into a formal cost-effectiveness analysis of ESCO projects. Non- energy benefits are clearly important to customers, but state and federal laws that govern the acceptance of these types of benefits for ESCO projects vary widely (i.e., 0-100% of allowable savings can come from one or more non-energy categories). Clear and consistent guidance on what types of savings are recognized in Energy Savings Agreements under performance contracts is necessary, particularly where customers are searching for deep energy efficiency gains in the building sector.

111

Natural Gas Weekly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7, 2011 at 2:00 P.M. 7, 2011 at 2:00 P.M. Next Release: Thursday, April 14, 2011 Overview Prices Storage Other Market Trends Natural Gas Transportation Update Overview (For the Week Ending Wednesday, April 6, 2011) Continuing last week’s net decline, the Henry Hub price this week fell 8 cents from $4.25 per million Btu (MMBtu) on Wednesday, March 30, to $4.17 per MMBtu on Wednesday, April 6. At the New York Mercantile Exchange, the price of the near-month (May 2011) contract fell from $4.355 per MMBtu to $4.146 per MMBtu. Working natural gas in storage fell to 1,579 billion cubic feet (Bcf) as of Friday, April 1, according to EIA’s Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report.The natural gas rotary rig count, as reported by Baker Hughes Incorporated, rose by 11 to 891. A new study released by EIA estimated technically recoverable shale

112

Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7, 2011 at 2:00 P.M. 7, 2011 at 2:00 P.M. Next Release: Thursday, April 14, 2011 Overview Prices Storage Other Market Trends Natural Gas Transportation Update Overview (For the Week Ending Wednesday, April 6, 2011) Continuing last week’s net decline, the Henry Hub price this week fell 8 cents from $4.25 per million Btu (MMBtu) on Wednesday, March 30, to $4.17 per MMBtu on Wednesday, April 6. At the New York Mercantile Exchange, the price of the near-month (May 2011) contract fell from $4.355 per MMBtu to $4.146 per MMBtu. Working natural gas in storage fell to 1,579 billion cubic feet (Bcf) as of Friday, April 1, according to EIA’s Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report.The natural gas rotary rig count, as reported by Baker Hughes Incorporated, rose by 11 to 891. A new study released by EIA estimated technically recoverable shale

113

Energy Conservation and Sustainability at Adobe Systems Incorporated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this case study is to analyze a successful sustainability program run by an owner that has invested $23 million, received rebates of $10 million, accrued over $9 million of savings and has won top scores in LEED and Energy Star. This case study is based on project information supplied by the owner and structured interviews with the operational team. The project drivers are identified and analyzed based on payback characteristics. Finally, the case study puts Adobe Systems results within the context of the industry by matching it to the challenges identified in other reports. The results show: (1) 40 % of projects are initiated by operation management personnel; (2) the projects with the biggest savings are supported by third-party incentives; and (3) only 10 % of projects are evaluated by simulation and account for 12 % of annual savings. Performance benchmarking, using Energy Star, is a crucial step to determine the potential and priority of energy improvements and should be run annually. LEED EB is a valuable certification process when expanding conservation efforts beyond energy aspects to sustainability. Building owners can incorporate the methodologies applied to evaluate these successful projects into their buildings. Facility managers can leverage the findings to present the advantages of recertification and commissioning.

Sustainability; Robert Graebert; Martin Fischer; Robert Graebert A; Martin Fischer B

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Shale-oil-recovery systems incorporating ore beneficiation. Final report.  

SciTech Connect

This study analyzed the recovery of oil from oil shale by use of proposed systems which incorporate beneficiation of the shale ore (that is concentration of the kerogen before the oil-recovery step). The objective was to identify systems which could be more attractive than conventional surface retorting of ore. No experimental work was carried out. The systems analyzed consisted of beneficiation methods which could increase kerogen concentrations by at least four-fold. Potentially attractive low-enrichment methods such as density separation were not examined. The technical alternatives considered were bounded by the secondary crusher as input and raw shale oil as output. A sequence of ball milling, froth flotation, and retorting concentrate is not attractive for Western shales compared to conventional ore retorting; transporting the concentrate to another location for retorting reduces air emissions in the ore region but cost reduction is questionable. The high capital and energy cost s results largely from the ball milling step which is very inefficient. Major improvements in comminution seem achievable through research and such improvements, plus confirmation of other assumptions, could make high-enrichment beneficiation competitive with conventional processing. 27 figures, 23 tables.

Weiss, M.A.; Klumpar, I.V.; Peterson, C.R.; Ring, T.A.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Incorporating Genomics and Bioinformatics across the Life Sciences Curriculum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Undergraduate life sciences education needs an overhaul, as clearly described in the National Research Council of the National Academies publication BIO 2010: Transforming Undergraduate Education for Future Research Biologists. Among BIO 2010's top recommendations is the need to involve students in working with real data and tools that reflect the nature of life sciences research in the 21st century. Education research studies support the importance of utilizing primary literature, designing and implementing experiments, and analyzing results in the context of a bona fide scientific question in cultivating the analytical skills necessary to become a scientist. Incorporating these basic scientific methodologies in undergraduate education leads to increased undergraduate and post-graduate retention in the sciences. Toward this end, many undergraduate teaching organizations offer training and suggestions for faculty to update and improve their teaching approaches to help students learn as scientists, through design and discovery (e.g., Council of Undergraduate Research [www.cur.org] and Project Kaleidoscope [www.pkal.org]). With the advent of genome sequencing and bioinformatics, many scientists now formulate biological questions and interpret research results in the context of genomic information. Just as the use of bioinformatic tools and databases changed the way scientists investigate problems, it must change how scientists teach to create new opportunities for students to gain experiences reflecting the influence of genomics, proteomics, and bioinformatics on modern life sciences research. Educators have responded by incorporating bioinformatics into diverse life science curricula. While these published exercises in, and guidelines for, bioinformatics curricula are helpful and inspirational, faculty new to the area of bioinformatics inevitably need training in the theoretical underpinnings of the algorithms. Moreover, effectively integrating bioinformatics into courses or independent research projects requires infrastructure for organizing and assessing student work. Here, we present a new platform for faculty to keep current with the rapidly changing field of bioinformatics, the Integrated Microbial Genomes Annotation Collaboration Toolkit (IMG-ACT). It was developed by instructors from both research-intensive and predominately undergraduate institutions in collaboration with the Department of Energy-Joint Genome Institute (DOE-JGI) as a means to innovate and update undergraduate education and faculty development. The IMG-ACT program provides a cadre of tools, including access to a clearinghouse of genome sequences, bioinformatics databases, data storage, instructor course management, and student notebooks for organizing the results of their bioinformatic investigations. In the process, IMG-ACT makes it feasible to provide undergraduate research opportunities to a greater number and diversity of students, in contrast to the traditional mentor-to-student apprenticeship model for undergraduate research, which can be too expensive and time-consuming to provide for every undergraduate. The IMG-ACT serves as the hub for the network of faculty and students that use the system for microbial genome analysis. Open access of the IMG-ACT infrastructure to participating schools ensures that all types of higher education institutions can utilize it. With the infrastructure in place, faculty can focus their efforts on the pedagogy of bioinformatics, involvement of students in research, and use of this tool for their own research agenda. What the original faculty members of the IMG-ACT development team present here is an overview of how the IMG-ACT program has affected our development in terms of teaching and research with the hopes that it will inspire more faculty to get involved.

Ditty, Jayna L.; Kvaal, Christopher A.; Goodner, Brad; Freyermuth, Sharyn K.; Bailey, Cheryl; Britton, Robert A.; Gordon, Stuart G.; Heinhorst, Sabine; Reed, Kelynne; Xu, Zhaohui; Sanders-Lorenz, Erin R.; Axen, Seth; Kim, Edwin; Johns, Mitrick; Scott, Kathleen; Kerfeld, Cheryl A.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Incorporating Rigorous Height Determination into Unified Fracture Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydraulic fracturing plays an important role in increasing production rate in tight reservoirs. The performance of the reservoir after fracturing can be observed from the productivity index. This parameter is dependent on the fracture geometry; height, length and width. Unified fracture design (UFD) offers a method to determine the fracture dimensions providing the maximum productivity index for a specific proppant amount. Then, in order to achieve the maximum productivity index, the treatment schedules including the amount of liquid and proppant used for each stage must be determined according to the fracture dimensions obtained from the UFD. The proppant number is necessary for determining the fracture geometry using the UFD. This number is used to find the maximum productivity index for a given proppant amount. Then, the dimensionless fracture conductivity index corresponding to the maximum productivity index can be computed. The penetration ration, the fracture length, and the propped fracture width can be computed from the dimensionless fracture conductivity. However, calculating the proppant number used in UFD requires the fracture height as an input. The most convenient way to estimate fracture height to input to the UFD is to assume that the fracture height is restricted by stress contrast between the pay zone and over and under-lying layers. In other words, the fracture height is assumed to be constant, independent of net pressure and equal to the thickness of the layer which has the least minimum principal stress. However, in reality, the fracture may grow out from the target formation and the height of fracture is dependent on the net pressure during the treatment. Therefore, it is necessary to couple determination of the fracture height with determination of the other fracture parameters. In this research, equilibrium height theory is applied to rigorously determine the height of fracture. Solving the problem iteratively, it is possible to incorporate the rigorous fracture height determination into the unified fracture design.

Pitakbunkate, Termpan

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Incorporating uncertainty into electric utility projections and decisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on how electric utility companies can respond in their decision making to uncertain variables. Here we take a mean- variance type of approach. The mean'' value is an expected cost, on a discounted value basis. We assume that management has risk preferences incorporating a tradeoff between the mean and variance in the utility's net income. Decisions that utilities are faced with can be classified into two types: ex ante and ex post. The ex ante decisions need to be made prior to the uncertainty being revealed and the ex post decision can be postponed until after the uncertainty is revealed. Intuitively, we can say that the ex ante decisions provide a hedge against the uncertainties and the ex post decisions allow the negative outcomes of uncertain variables to be partially mitigated, dampening the losses. An example of an ex post decision is how the system is operated i.e., unit dispatch, and in some cases switching among types of fuels, say with different sulfur contents. For example, if gas prices go up, natural gas combined cycle units are likely to be dispatched at lower capacity factors. If SO{sub 2} emission allowance prices go up, a utility may seek to switch into a lower sulfur coal. Here we assume that regulated electric utilities do have some incentive to lower revenue requirements and hence an incentive to lower the electric rates needed for the utility to break even, thereby earning a fair return on invested capital. This paper presents the general approach first, including applications to capacity expansion and system dispatch. Then a case study is presented focusing on the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments including SO{sub 2} emissions abatement and banking of allowances under uncertainty. It is concluded that the emission banking decisions should not be made in isolation but rather all the uncertainties in demand, fuel prices, technology performance etc., should be included in the uncertainty analysis affecting emission banking.

Hanson, D.A.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Incorporating uncertainty into electric utility projections and decisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on how electric utility companies can respond in their decision making to uncertain variables. Here we take a mean- variance type of approach. The ``mean`` value is an expected cost, on a discounted value basis. We assume that management has risk preferences incorporating a tradeoff between the mean and variance in the utility`s net income. Decisions that utilities are faced with can be classified into two types: ex ante and ex post. The ex ante decisions need to be made prior to the uncertainty being revealed and the ex post decision can be postponed until after the uncertainty is revealed. Intuitively, we can say that the ex ante decisions provide a hedge against the uncertainties and the ex post decisions allow the negative outcomes of uncertain variables to be partially mitigated, dampening the losses. An example of an ex post decision is how the system is operated i.e., unit dispatch, and in some cases switching among types of fuels, say with different sulfur contents. For example, if gas prices go up, natural gas combined cycle units are likely to be dispatched at lower capacity factors. If SO{sub 2} emission allowance prices go up, a utility may seek to switch into a lower sulfur coal. Here we assume that regulated electric utilities do have some incentive to lower revenue requirements and hence an incentive to lower the electric rates needed for the utility to break even, thereby earning a fair return on invested capital. This paper presents the general approach first, including applications to capacity expansion and system dispatch. Then a case study is presented focusing on the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments including SO{sub 2} emissions abatement and banking of allowances under uncertainty. It is concluded that the emission banking decisions should not be made in isolation but rather all the uncertainties in demand, fuel prices, technology performance etc., should be included in the uncertainty analysis affecting emission banking.

Hanson, D.A.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Incorporating HVDC's into monitoring and power system analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis attempts to study the effect of incorporating HVDC's into monitoring and power system analysis. Power system analysis, including load flow and stability studies, and monitoring defines a complete cycle of the impact of HVDC in a power system network. Load flow calculates the bus voltage magnitude, phase angle, active and reactive power flows based on loads and generations that are already specified. In this regard, our work presents a better way of solving AC - DC load flow equations. In our work, the active and reactive power consumptions of the HVDC link are treated as a function of AC bus voltages and some specified DC parameters. It is then easier to combine the DC part with the AC system. Traditional methods in this regard may encounter convergence problems. We expect that the method used in our work does not encounter convergence problems and is easier to implement. Whereas load flow gives us the solution for bus voltage magnitudes and angles based on certain specified loads and generations, state estimation obtains an estimate of the bus voltage magnitudes and angles based on actual measurements. A state estimator also checks consistency of instrumentation data. In our work with the state estimation, we have presented a new method to design the measurement set of an AC - DC system and explained the choice of the state variables used. The state variables and the measurement set chosen are then used to estimate the state of an AC - DC system. To complete the cycle of the effects of inclusion of a HVDC line in an AC system, we study the impact of HVDC on power system stability in the case of a fault. It should be noted that the power flow through a HVDC link is highly controllable. Accordingly, we can expect the HVDC to improve system stability if it is controlled intelligently. However, if the control measure is not properly designed, HVDC can be detrimental to the system stability. A case has been studied where the HVDC tends to make the system unstable if the setting of the line is not changed during and after a fault. We then propose a control mechanism to strengthen the system stability. Two types of controllers, namely proportional control and proportional - integral control have been studied and compared. Also we have shown their effects on the system stability.

Krishnaswamy, Vikram

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Quantifying the system balancing cost when wind energy is incorporated into electricity generation system.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Incorporation of wind energy into the electricity generation system requires a detailed analysis of wind speed in order to minimize system balancing cost and avoid (more)

Issaeva, Natalia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Incorporating oligopoly, CO2 emissions trading and green certificates into a power generation expansion model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a generation expansion model for the power sector which incorporates several features that make it very interesting for application to current electricity markets: it considers the possible oligopolistic behavior of firms, and incorporates ... Keywords: Carbon emissions trading, Generation-expansion modeling, Green certificates, Oligopoly

Pedro Linares; Francisco Javier Santos; Mariano Ventosa; Luis Lapiedra

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Development of a dissolved carbon dioxide sensor with a HPTS-incorporated polymer membrane  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study a dissolved carbon dioxide sensor is made by using the fluorescent dye, HPTS incorporated into a polymer matrix, polyHEMA-co-EGDA. The HPTS-incorporated polymer membrane soaking in sodium bicarbonate buffer solution is put into a well in ... Keywords: carbon dioxide, fermentation, fluorescence, polymer membrane, sensor

Ok-Jae Sohn; Jong Il Rhee

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Preliminary Notice of Violation, EG&G Incorporated - EA-97-10 | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EG&G Incorporated - EA-97-10 EG&G Incorporated - EA-97-10 Preliminary Notice of Violation, EG&G Incorporated - EA-97-10 October 21, 1997 Preliminary Notice of Violation issued to EG&G Incorporated, related to Bioassay and Internal Dosimetry Program Deficiencies at the Mound Plant, (EA-97-10) This letter refers to the Department of Energy's (DOE) evaluation of the facts and circumstances surrounding a number of potential programmatic deficiencies involving the administration of the Mound Plant's bioassay program and methodologies used for determining and assigning internal radiation doses to workers. Preliminary Notice of Violation, EG&G Incorporated - EA-97-10 More Documents & Publications Preliminary Notice of Violation, Babcock & Wilcox of Ohio, Inc - EA-98-12

124

Dec 1999 & Jan 2000 Production Fell, But Rebounded with Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Notes: Will production be high enough this fall to bring stocks back into the normal range? Last winter, production was cut back in December, which, when combined with the strong increase in demand, resulted in the large strong stock draw. But this did not diminish the typical production decline that occurred in January, leaving stocks precariously low. As December began, margins were low, and November weather had been 16% warmer than the prior year. Stocks were in the normal range, and companies were still smarting from the extremely low margins of the prior winter. Refiners reduced production to the prior year's levels as a result. When the cold spell hit the Northeast at the end of January and caused prices to spike, production rebounded in response. However,

125

2012 Brief: Average wholesale natural gas prices fell 31% in 2012 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions. Consumption & Efficiency. Energy use in homes, commercial buildings, ...

126

New pests and diseases: Sudden oak death syndrome fells 3 oak species  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Against Bark Beetles and Ambrosia Beetles. Pest Alert #3B,western oak bark beetle and ambrosia beetles have been asso-absence of bark beetles and ambrosia beetles in the treated

Garbelotto, Matteo M.; Svihra, Pavel; Rizzo, David M.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

U.S. coal consumption fell while exports increased during the ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Exports to South Korea, Japan, China, and India together accounted for approximately one-fourth of all coal exports in the fourth quarter of 2011.

128

Assessing Natural Isothiocyanate Air Emissions after Field Incorporation of Mustard Cover Crop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional air assessment was performed to characterize volatile natural isothiocyanate (NITC) compounds in air during soil incorporation of mustard cover crops in Washington State. Field air sampling and analytical methods were developed specific to three NITCs known to be present in air at appreciable concentrations during/after field incorporation. The maximum observed concentrations in air for the allyl, benzyl, and phenethyl isothiocyanates were respectively 188, 6.1, and 0.7 lg m-3 during mustard incorporation. Based on limited inhalation toxicity information, airborne NITC concentrations did not appear to pose an acute human inhalation exposure concern to field operators and bystanders.

Trott, Donna M.; LePage, Jane; Hebert, Vincent

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Hughes County, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

96.3226072° 96.3226072° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.1380279,"lon":-96.3226072,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

130

Hughes County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

022°, -99.8124935° 022°, -99.8124935° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.3535022,"lon":-99.8124935,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

131

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY BAKER HUGHES INTEQ FOR...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

effective Coiled Tubing Drilling (CTD) system that allows operators to produce existing oil reservoirs, mainly on the North American continent, in a much more effective way than...

132

Market Power in Ethanol Transport Jonathan E. Hughes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. (2008) · Low sulfur coal, Busse and Keohane (forthcoming) GIS MAP OF U.S. RAILROAD NETWORK MOTIVATION, ethanol is used voluntarily in "economic blending" when the (subsidized) price of ethanol is lower than

California at Davis, University of

133

McHugh Energy Consultants HVAC Trajectories toward Zero  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2022 2026 Required Economizer + FDD Econ Charge FDD + Multi-speed VRF VFD Fan Evap Cond SEER 10 SEER 13

California at Davis, University of

134

Interview with Stephen Hugh-Jones Part 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to King's I worked on the Victoria line which was being built to save for a trip to South America; with help from parents went to Venezuela by boat; found it extraordinarily expensive; on the boat had met an English school teacher and his wife who were...

Hugh-Jones, Stephen

2007-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

135

La Revolucin del Shale Gas Profesor: Hugh Rudnick  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Horizontal drilling e hydraulic fracturing Hydraulic Fracturing También llamado fracking o hydrofracking. El

Rudnick, Hugh

136

Hugh Rudnick Van De Wyngard Seminario Hay crisis energtica?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Licuado #12;Otras Alternativas de Expansión: ERNC · Mini hidraúlicas · Eólico · Geotérmicas · Biogas

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

137

Modifying a Mesoscale Meteorological Model to Better Incorporate Urban Heat Storage: A Bulk-Parameterization Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple bulk-parameterization scheme is implemented in modifying a mesoscale meteorological model to better incorporate urban heat storage. The objective is to improve the quantification of the fluxes associated with heat storage change and to ...

Haider Taha

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Preliminary Notice of Violation, Fluor Hanford, Incorporated - EA-2002-03 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hanford, Incorporated - Hanford, Incorporated - EA-2002-03 Preliminary Notice of Violation, Fluor Hanford, Incorporated - EA-2002-03 August 12, 2002 Preliminary Notice of Violation issued to Fluor Hanford, Incorporated, related to Quality Assurance issues at the Hanford Site. This letter refers to the Department of Energy's (DOE) investigation of the facts and circumstances concerning quality assurance issues affecting nuclear safety surrounding the discrepant nondestructive assay (NDA) data provided to Bechtel Hanford, Inc., in support of their decontamination and dismantlement activities at Building [ ]. The DOE Office of Price-Anderson Enforcement initiated an investigation of this event in July 2001. A formal request for relevant documentation was made and a full review of the documentation was conducted. In addition,

139

Source Characterization with a Genetic AlgorithmCoupled DispersionBackward Model Incorporating SCIPUFF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper extends the approach of coupling a forward-looking dispersion model with a backward model using a genetic algorithm (GA) by incorporating a more sophisticated dispersion model [the Second-Order Closure Integrated Puff (SCIPUFF) model] ...

Christopher T. Allen; Sue Ellen Haupt; George S. Young

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Guidance on Incorporating EPA's Pollution Prevention Strategy into the Environmental Review Process  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The guidance discusses the Environmental Protection Agency's definition of pollution prevention; how to incorporate pollution prevention into the EPA environmental review process and interagency liaison function; and federal pollution prevention awards programs.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Incorporation of CO2 Exchange Processes into a Multilayer AtmosphereSoilVegetation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide (CO2) exchange processes were incorporated into a multilayer atmospheresoilvegetation model known as SOLVEG, and its performance was examined using measurements obtained from a grassland site. It was also applied for the CO2 ...

Haruyasu Nagai

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Shale oil recovery systems incorporating ore beneficiation : final report, October 1982  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study analyzed the recovery of oil from oil shale by use of proposed systems which incorporate beneficiation of the shale ore (that is, concentration of the kerogen) before the oil-recovery step. The objective was to ...

Weiss, M. A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Incorporating endogenous demand dynamics into long-term capacity expansion power system models for Developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research develops a novel approach to long-term power system capacity expansion planning for developing countries by incorporating endogenous demand dynamics resulting from social processes of technology adoption. ...

Jordan, Rhonda LeNai

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Incorporation of scattered radiation into dual?energy radiologic theory and application to mammography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A previous analysis of dual?energy imaging is extended to incorporate scattered radiation. The analysis is general and can include polyenergetic beams and nonideal detectors. In the dual?material basis plane

Paul C. Johns

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Incorporation of a Cloud Simulation into a Flight Mission Rehearsal System: Prototype Demonstration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One environmental parameter that has a large impact on aircraft missions for the U.S. military is clouds. This article describes an initial attempt to incorporate physically consistent clouds into a flight mission rehearsal system. A cloud model ...

Louis Hembree; Sam Brand; William C. Mayse; Maureen Cianciolo; Brian Soderberg

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Incorporation of plug in hybrid electric vehicle in the reactive power market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper incorporates plug in hybrid electric vehicle(PHEV) in the reactive power market. The PHEV capability curve is first extracted considering the operation limit of PHEV. In order to offer price in the reactive power market

H. Feshki Farahani; H. A. Shayanfar; M. S. Ghazizadeh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

VEE-0092 - In the Matter of Cargill, Incorporated. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 - In the Matter of Cargill, Incorporated. 2 - In the Matter of Cargill, Incorporated. VEE-0092 - In the Matter of Cargill, Incorporated. This Decision decides the merits of five Applications for Exception filed with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under the provisions of 10 C.F.R. § 1003.20. See infra Appendix. These Applications concern annual revenues and sales data pertaining to each firm's sale of electricity that the DOE Energy Information Administration (EIA) collects through Form EIA-861, "Annual Electric Power Industry Report." EIA publishes this data, by state, in firm-specific form. The present exception request seeks to have the Applicants' data withheld as confidential. In their Applications for Exception, the Applicants incorporated an Application for Stay to prevent release of some of the

148

Incorporation of sulfur, chlorine, and carbon into electroplated Cu thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The microstructure of electroplated Cu thin films and the contamination with incorporated additives were investigated in dependence on the galvanostatic deposition parameters and thermal treatment. Sulfur, chlorine, and carbon were analysed as impurities ... Keywords: 61.72.Ss, 66.30.Jt, 68.35.Dv, 68.43.Mn, 81.15.Pq, 82.45.Vp, 85.40.Ls, Additive incorporation, Additive surface adsorption, Copper, Electrochemical deposition, Impurities

M. Stangl; J. Acker; S. Oswald; M. Uhlemann; T. Gemming; S. Baunack; K. Wetzig

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

ICM, Incorporated  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and process flow innovations to refine terrestrial lignocellulosic biomass into fuel ethanol. The proposed process furthers the cost effective production of ethanol from...

150

Genetic Incorporation of Noncanonical Amino Acids into Proteins for Protein Function Investigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the objective to functionalize proteins for the understanding of their biological roles and developing protein-based biosensors, I have been developing methods to synthesize proteins with defined modifications and applying them to study protein functional roles and generate proteins with new properties. These methods rely on the read-through of an in-frame stop codon in mRNA by a nonsense suppressor tRNA specifically acylated with a noncanoncial amino acid (NAA) by a unique aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase and the genetic incorporation of this NAA at the stop codon site. NAAs either provide chemical handles for site-specific manipulation or mimic the posttranslational modifications, which are critical for understanding cellular regulations and signal transduction. The pyrrolysine synthetase (PylRS) has been wildly used to incorporate NAAs into proteins in E. coli. Taking advantage of PylRS, I have developed method to genetically incorporate ketone-containing N-?-acetyl-L-lysine analog, 2-amino-8-oxononanoic acid (KetoK), into proteins for their site-specific modifications and used it to mimic the protein lysine acetylation process. I have also modified the ribosome in order to improve the amber suppression efficiency and therefore to achieve incorporation of multiple copies of NAA into one protein. By overexpressing a truncated ribosomal protein, L11C, I have demonstrated 5-fold increase of amber suppression level in E. coli, leading to higher expression levels for proteins incorporated with NAAs. I have also demonstrated this method can be applied successfully to incorporate at least 3 NAAs into one protein in E. coli. With the success of incorporating multiple NAAs into one protein, I have further introduced two distinct NAAs into one protein simultaneously. This is done by using a wild type or evolved PylRS-pylTUUA pair and an evolved M. jannaschii tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (MjTyrRS)-tRNACUA pair. By suppressing both UAG and UAA stop codons in one mRNA, a protein incorporated with two NAAs is synthesized with a decent yield. There is of great interest to incorporate new NAAs into proteins, which is done by library selection. By introducing both positive and negative selective markers into one plasmid, I have developed a one-plasmid selection method. In this method, the positive and negative selections are accomplished by in a single type of cells hosting a single selection plasmid.

Huang, Ying

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Al-Based Metallic Glass Incorporated Novel Ag Electrode for Si ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and good corrosion/oxidation resistances in the supercooled liquid state. ... Al- Based Metallic Glass Incorporated Novel Ag Electrode for Si Solar Cell ... Interfacial Free Energy and Local Order of Metallic Liquids from Elements to Alloys ... Predicting the Production of Glass Former Alloys by Mathematical Simulation of...

152

DOI: 10.1002/chem.201300762 Three-Dimensional Architectures Incorporating Stereoregular  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

molecules[2] (MIMs) have been incorporated into well-defined, extended architectures[3] of metal­organic p···p stacking of their hydroquinone (HQ) units, are sand- Abstract: We report the synthesis of two- sociated with both the DNP and hydro- quinone (HQ) units present in the crown ether, each catenane can

153

Amorphous silicon Schottky barrier solar cells incorporating a thin insulating layer and a thin doped layer  

SciTech Connect

Amorphous silicon Schottky barrier solar cells which incorporate a thin insulating layer and a thin doped layer adjacent to the junction forming metal layer exhibit increased open circuit voltages compared to standard rectifying junction metal devices, i.e., Schottky barrier devices, and rectifying junction metal insulating silicon devices, i.e., MIS devices.

Carlson, David E. (Yardley, PA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

A General Method of Incorporating Forecast Cost and Loss in Value Scores  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this note, the author shows how to incorporate cost for correct forecasts in the skill score statistical test developed by Briggs and Ruppert and how to extend this result to another value score developed by Wilks. It is then shown that both ...

William Briggs

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Quantifying the system balancing cost when wind energy is incorporated into  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantifying the system balancing cost when wind energy is incorporated into electricity generation system Natalia Issaeva #12;Contents Notation 1 1 Introduction 4 1.1 Benefits of wind energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.2 Challenges of wind energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.3 Balancing

Tanner, Jared

156

Incorporation of Multi-Member Substructure Capabilities in FAST for Analysis of Offshore Wind Turbines: Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Incorporation of Multi-Member Incorporation of Multi-Member Substructure Capabilities in FAST for Analysis of Offshore Wind Turbines Preprint H. Song, A. Robertson, and J. Jonkman National Renewable Energy Laboratory D. Sewell University of Delaware Presented at the Offshore Technology Conference Houston, Texas April 30-May 3, 2012 Conference Paper NREL/CP-5000-53676 May 2012 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and Alliance retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

157

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FC02-00CH11049; W(A)-01-003; CH-1056 FC02-00CH11049; W(A)-01-003; CH-1056 As set out in attached waiver petition and in subsequent discussions with Solar Turbines Incorporated (Solar), Solar has requested an advance waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions made under the above identified cooperative agreement by its employees and its subcontractors' employees regardless of tier, except inventions made by subcontractors eligible to retain title to inventions pursuant to P.L. 96-517, as amended, or National Laboratories. Under this agreement, Solar expects to develop and demonstrate a significantly improved combustion system for its Mercury 50 advanced industrial gas turbine by selectively incorporating advanced alloys, coatings, and composite and monolithic ceramics into

158

One-Piece Battery Incorporating A Circulating Fluid Type Heat Exchanger  

SciTech Connect

A one-piece battery comprises a tank divided into cells each receiving an electrode assembly, closure means for the tank and a circulating fluid type heat exchanger facing the relatively larger faces of the electrode assembly. The fluid flows in a compartment defined by two flanges which incorporate a fluid inlet orifice communicating with a common inlet manifold and a fluid outlet orifice communicating with a common outlet manifold. The tank comprises at least two units and each unit comprises at least one cell delimited by walls. The wall facing a relatively larger face of the electrode assembly constitutes one of the flanges. Each unit further incorporates a portion of an inlet and outlet manifold. The units are fastened together so that the flanges when placed face-to-face form a sealed circulation compartment and the portions of the same manifold are aligned with each other.

Verhoog, Roelof (Bordeaux, FR)

2001-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

159

Soil carbon sequestration and changes in fungal and bacterial biomass following incorporation of forest residues.  

SciTech Connect

Sequestering carbon (C) in forest soils can benefit site fertility and help offset greenhouse gas emissions. However, identifying soil conditions and forest management practices which best promote C accumulation remains a challenging task. We tested whether soil incorporation of masticated woody residues alters short-term C storage at forested sites in western and southeastern USA. Our hypothesis was that woody residues would preferentially stimulate soil fungal biomass, resulting in improved C use efficiency and greater soil C storage. Harvest slash at loblolly pine sites in South Carolina was masticated (chipped) and either (1) retained on the soil surface, (2) tilled to a soil depth of 40 cm, or (3) tilled using at least twice the mass of organics. At comparative sites in California, live woody fuels in ponderosa pine stands were (1) masticated and surface applied, (2) masticated and tilled, or (3) left untreated. Sites with clayey and sandy soils were compared in each region, with residue additions ranging from 20 to 207 Mg ha_1. Total and active fungal biomass were not strongly affected by residue incorporation despite the high input of organics. Limited response was also found for total and active bacterial biomass. As a consequence, fungal:bacterial (F:B) biomass ratios were similar among treatments at each site. Total soil C was elevated at one California site following residue incorporation, yet was significantly lower compared to surface-applied residues at both loblolly pine sites, presumably due to the oxidative effects of tilling on soil organic matter. The findings demonstrated an inconsequential effect of residue incorporation on fungal and bacterial biomass and suggest a limited potential of such practices to enhance long-term soil C storage in these forests.

Busse, Matt, D.; Sanchez, Felipe G.; Ratcliff, Alice W.; Butnor, John R.; Carter, Emily A.; Powers, Robert F.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

An extension of the relational data model to incorporate ordered domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We extend the relational data model to incorporate partial orderings into data domains, which we call the ordered relational model. Within the extended model, we define the partially ordered relational algebra (the PORA) by allowing the ordering predicate ... Keywords: Axiom system, chase rules, implication problem, language expressiveness, lexicographical ordering, mixed ordering, nonuniform completeness, order-preserving database automorphism, ordered SQL, ordered functional dependencies, ordered relational model, ordered relations, partially ordered domains, partially ordered relational algebra, pointwise ordering, tableaux, valuation mapping

Wilfred Ng

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

First-principles calculations of the stability and incorporation of helium, xenon and krypton in uranium  

SciTech Connect

While metallic fuels have a long history of reactor use, their fundamental physical and thermodynamic properties are not well understood. Many metallic nuclear fuels are body-centered cubic alloys of uranium that swell under fission conditions, creating fission product gases such as helium, xenon and krypton. In this paper, helium, xenon, and krypton point defects are investigated in the a and ? phases of metallic uranium using first principles calculations. A density functional theory (DFT) framework is utilized with projector augmented-wave (PAW) pseudopotentials. Formation and incorporation energies of He, Xe, and Kr are calculated at various defect positions for the prediction of fission gas behavior in uranium. In most cases, defect energies follow a size effect, with helium incorporation and formation energies being the smallest. The most likely position for the larger Xe and Kr atoms in uranium is the substitutional site. Helium atoms are likely to be found in a wide variety of defect positions due to the comparable formation energies of all defect configurations analyzed. This is the first detailed study of the stability and incorporation of fission gases in uranium.

B. Beeler; B. Good; S. Rashkeev; M. Baskes; M. Okuniewski

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Test Procedure for 170.302.h Incorporate Laboratory Test Results APPROVED Version 1.1 September 24, 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Test Procedure for §170.302.h Incorporate Laboratory Test Results APPROVED Version 1.1 September 24, 2010 1 Test Procedure for §170.302 (h) Incorporate Laboratory Test Results This document describes the test procedure for evaluating conformance of complete EHRs or EHR modules1

163

Determining the Effectiveness of Incorporating Geographic Information Into Vehicle Performance Algorithms  

SciTech Connect

This thesis presents a research study using one year of driving data obtained from plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) located in Sacramento and San Francisco, California to determine the effectiveness of incorporating geographic information into vehicle performance algorithms. Sacramento and San Francisco were chosen because of the availability of high resolution (1/9 arc second) digital elevation data. First, I present a method for obtaining instantaneous road slope, given a latitude and longitude, and introduce its use into common driving intensity algorithms. I show that for trips characterized by >40m of net elevation change (from key on to key off), the use of instantaneous road slope significantly changes the results of driving intensity calculations. For trips exhibiting elevation loss, algorithms ignoring road slope overestimated driving intensity by as much as 211 Wh/mile, while for trips exhibiting elevation gain these algorithms underestimated driving intensity by as much as 333 Wh/mile. Second, I describe and test an algorithm that incorporates vehicle route type into computations of city and highway fuel economy. Route type was determined by intersecting trip GPS points with ESRI StreetMap road types and assigning each trip as either city or highway route type according to whichever road type comprised the largest distance traveled. The fuel economy results produced by the geographic classification were compared to the fuel economy results produced by algorithms that assign route type based on average speed or driving style. Most results were within 1 mile per gallon ({approx}3%) of one another; the largest difference was 1.4 miles per gallon for charge depleting highway trips. The methods for acquiring and using geographic data introduced in this thesis will enable other vehicle technology researchers to incorporate geographic data into their research problems.

Sera White

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Dynamic modelling of a double-pendulum gantry crane system incorporating payload  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The natural sway of crane payloads is detrimental to safe and efficient operation. Under certain conditions, the problem is complicated when the payloads create a double pendulum effect. This paper presents dynamic modelling of a double-pendulum gantry crane system based on closed-form equations of motion. The Lagrangian method is used to derive the dynamic model of the system. A dynamic model of the system incorporating payload is developed and the effects of payload on the response of the system are discussed. Extensive results that validate the theoretical derivation are presented in the time and frequency domains.

Ismail, R. M. T. Raja; Ahmad, M. A.; Ramli, M. S.; Ishak, R.; Zawawi, M. A. [Faculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300, Kuantan, Pahang (Malaysia)

2011-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

165

Site specific incorporation of heavy atom-containing unnatural amino acids into proteins for structure determination  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Translation systems and other compositions including orthogonal aminoacyl tRNA-synthetases that preferentially charge an orthogonal tRNA with an iodinated or brominated amino acid are provided. Nucleic acids encoding such synthetases are also described, as are methods and kits for producing proteins including heavy atom-containing amino acids, e.g., brominated or iodinated amino acids. Methods of determining the structure of a protein, e.g., a protein into which a heavy atom has been site-specifically incorporated through use of an orthogonal tRNA/aminoacyl tRNA-synthetase pair, are also described.

Xie, Jianming (San Diego, CA); Wang, Lei (San Diego, CA); Wu, Ning (Boston, MA); Schultz, Peter G. (La Jolla, CA)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

Incorporation of Multi-Member Substructure Capabilities in FAST for Analysis of Offshore Wind Turbines: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

FAST, developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), is an aero-hydro-servo-elastic tool widely used for analyzing onshore and offshore wind turbines. This paper discusses recent modifications made to FAST to enable the examination of offshore wind turbines with fixed-bottom, multi-member support structures (which are commonly used in transitional-depth waters).; This paper addresses the methods used for incorporating the hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loading on multi-member structures in FAST through its hydronamic loading module, HydroDyn. Modeling of the hydrodynamic loads was accomplished through the incorporation of Morison and buoyancy loads on the support structures. Issues addressed include how to model loads at the joints of intersecting members and on tapered and tilted members of the support structure. Three example structures are modeled to test and verify the solutions generated by the modifications to HydroDyn, including a monopile, tripod, and jacket structure. Verification is achieved through comparison of the results to a computational fluid dynamics (CFD)-derived solution using the commercial software tool STAR-CCM+.

Song, H.; Robertson, A.; Jonkman, J.; Sewell, D.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Sodium-Doped Molybdenum Targets for Controllable Sodium Incorporation in CIGS Solar Cells: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The efficiency of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) solar cells is enhanced when Na is incorporated in the CIGS absorber layer. This work examines Na incorporation in CIGS utilizing Na-doped Mo sputtered from targets made with sodium molybdate-doped (MONA) powder. Mo:Na films with varying thicknesses were sputtered onto Mo-coated borosilicate glass (BSG) or stainless steel substrates for CIGS solar cells. By use of this technique, the Na content of CIGS can be varied from near-zero to higher than that obtained from a soda-lime glass (SLG) substrate. Targets and deposition conditions are described. The doped Mo films are analyzed, and the resulting devices are compared to devices fabricated on Mo-coated SLG as well as Mo-coated BSG with NaF. Completed devices utilizing MONA exceeded 15.7% efficiency without anti-reflective coating, which was consistently higher than devices prepared with the NaF precursor. Strategies for minimizing adhesion difficulties are presented.

Mansfield, L. M.; Repins, I. L.; Glynn, S.; Carducci, M. D.; Honecker, D. M.; Pankow, J.; Young, M.; DeHart, C.; Sundaramoorthy, R.; Beall, C. L.; To, B.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Oxygen Incorporation During Fabrication of Substrate CdTe Photovoltaic Devices: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Recently, CdTe photovoltaic (PV) devices fabricated in the nonstandard substrate configuration have attracted increasing interest because of their potential compatibility with flexible substrates such as metal foils and polymer films. This compatibility could lead to the suitability of CdTe for roll-to-roll processing and building-integrated PV. Currently, however, the efficiencies of substrate CdTe devices reported in the literature are significantly lower ({approx}6%-8%) than those of high-performance superstrate devices ({approx}17%) because of significantly lower open-circuit voltage (Voc) and fill factor (FF). In our recent device development efforts, we have found that processing parameters required to fabricate high-efficiency substrate CdTe PV devices differ from those necessary for traditional superstrate CdTe devices. Here, we investigate how oxygen incorporation in the CdTe deposition, CdCl2 heat treatment, CdS deposition, and post-deposition heat treatment affect device characteristics through their effects on the junction. By adjusting whether oxygen is incorporated during these processing steps, we have achieved Voc values greater than 860 mV and efficiencies greater than 10%.

Duenow, J. N.; Dhere, R. G.; Kuciauskas, D.; Li, J. V.; Pankow, J. W.; DeHart, C. M.; Gessert, T. A.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Effect of incorporating cellulose nanocrystals from corncob on the tensile, thermal and barrier properties of poly(vinyl alcohol) nanocomposites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of incorporating cellulose nanocrystals fromcorncob (CNC) on the tensile, thermal, and barrier properties of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) nanocomposites was evaluated. The CNC were prepared by sulfuric acid hydrolysis at 45C for 60 minutes, ...

Hudson Alves Silvrio, Wilson Pires Flauzino Neto, Daniel Pasquini

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Hr. Michael Esposito Audio-Tex Industries, Incorporated 4555 West Addison Street  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

-- -- Hr. Michael Esposito Audio-Tex Industries, Incorporated 4555 West Addison Street Chicago, Illinois 60641 Dear Mr. Esposito: Enclosed is a copy of the final survey report for your facility in Chicago,. Illinois , which is the site of the former ERA Tool & Engineering Company. The survey report documents the fact that the radiological condition of your facility is in compliance with applicable Department of Energy Guidelines and that no remedial action or further investigaticns are necessary. If you have any questions regarding the survey results or our dssociated actions, contact Mr. James Wagoner of my staff at 301-353-2802. Sincerely, James 3. Fiore, Director Division of Facility and Site Decommissioning Projects Office of Kuclear Energy

171

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CORNING INCORPORATED FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WAIVER OF DOMESTIC WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO. DE-FC26- 05NT42461, SUBCONTRACT QZ001; W(A)-05-040, CH-1322 The Petitioner, Corning Incorporated (Corning) was awarded a subcontract under a cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled, "Advanced Gasification Mercury/Trace Metal Control with Monolith Traps". The prime contract is with the University of North Dakota Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC). The purpose of the project is to develop effective, economical technology to enable the removal of mercury from syngas created when coal is gasified. Under the subcontract, Corning will conduct research into whether Corning's impregnated monolith technology, in conjunction with the University of North Dakota's

172

Microsoft Word - Satchwell Analytical Frameworks to Incorporate DR FINAL for RCO.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analytical Frameworks to Analytical Frameworks to Incorporate Demand Response in Long-term Resource Planning Andrew Satchwell 1 and Ryan Hledik 2 1 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 2 The Brattle Group Environmental Energy Technologies Division September 2013 Preprint of article submitted to Utilities Policy Journal. The work described in this report was funded by the National Electricity Delivery Division of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability under Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Contract No. DE-AC02- 05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither

173

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CORNING INCORPORATED FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WAIVER WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO. B29143; DOE WAIVER NO. W(A)-95-029 The Petitioner, Corning Incorporated, has requested an Advance Waiver of the Government's domestic and foreign rights to inventions made under the above cited research and development contract (R&D Contract). The objective of the R&D Contract issued by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) on behalf of DP-11 is to reduce the costs associated with the manufacturing of large size high quality fused silica transmissive optics utilized in advanced Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) laser systems. The present cost of laser optics used in the ICF laser system is between $1.7/cm 3 to $2.0/cm 3 . After completion of the R&D Contract, it is believed that a 50% reduction in cost for the

174

Wind Developer's Perspective on Incorporating Wind in Cap and Trade Program  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Developer's Perspective Developer's Perspective on Incorporating Wind in Cap & Trade Programs January 12, 2006 Kevin Rackstraw Clipper Windpower, Inc. Clipper Windpower, Inc. 301/263 301/263- -0028 0028 krackstraw@clipperwind.com krackstraw@clipperwind.com About Clipper Windpower * Founded by James Dehlsen, a wind energy pioneer and recognized world leader in the wind industry, and founder of the company that is now GE Wind * Team is one of the most experienced in the business * Both a developer of wind projects and manufacturer of large wind turbines * Over $1.5 billion of wind projects developed * Another $4 billion of wind projects in the development pipeline Motivations * Emissions reduction claims: * In cap and trade states, neither we nor our marketers can state that we reduce capped emissions w/out allowances

175

ORNL/TM-11118 RESULTS OF THE RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY AT METPATH INCORPORATED,  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

TM-11118 TM-11118 RESULTS OF THE RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY AT METPATH INCORPORATED, 1 MALCOLM AVENUE, TETERBORO, NEW JERSEY (TJOO3) FL D. Foley L. M. Floyd, Printed in the United States of America. Available from National Technical Information Serwce U.S. Department of Commerce I 5265 Port Royal Road. Springfield, Virginia 22161 NTIS price codes-Printed Copy:A03 Microfiche A01 This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an 8ge"cy of the UnitedSlaterGovernmenl.NeithertheUnitedStatesGovernmen~no,anyagency thereof. nor any 01 their employees. makes any warranty. express 0, implied. 0, assumes any legal liabhty or responsibility lo, the accuracy. completeness. 0, UJB~U~WSJ of any information. apparatus. product. or process disClosed. or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein

176

Investigation of Molecular Magnetic Compounds Incorporating 4d and 5d Transition Metal Cyanometallates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The field of molecular magnetism has expanded rapidly since the discovery of single molecule magnets (SMMs) in the 1990s and has witnessed extraordinary advances in the last several decades. One of the current trends in molecular magnetic research is to incorporate metal ions that have pronounced single-ion anisotropy in an effort to improve magnetic exchange interactions. The 4d and 5d transition metal ions have large spin-orbit coupling parameters which contribute to the orbital angular momentum effects that lead to anisotropic behavior. The work herein describes efforts to synthesize and characterize new cyanide-bridged molecular materials incorporating 4d and 5d transition metal ions, specifically the [Os(CN)_(6)]^(3-), [Mo(CN)_(6)]^(3-) and [W(CN)_(8)]^(3-) ions. The 5d hexacyanometallate [Os(CN)_(6)]^(3-) was incorporated into a trinuclear cyanide bridged molecule and the [Fe(CN)_(6)]^(3-) analog was prepared as a reference compound for assessing the effect of the 5d versus 3d metal ion on the magnetic properties. Both molecules exhibit SMM bistability with a pronounced increase (~90 %) in the blocking temperature (TB) of the OsIII analogue. In addition to typical SMM behavior, both compounds exhibit exchange-biased SMM behavior, a shift in the quantum tunneling of the magnetization (QTM) from zero field. This exchange-bias can be turned on or off depending on the presence of interstitial methanol molecules. New trigonal bipyramidal (TBP) molecules incorporating the rarely studies hexacyanomolybdate(III) ion are presented in chapter III of this dissertation. The molecules of general formula [M(tmphen)_(2)]_(3)[Mo(CN)_(6)]_(2) (M = V^(II), Mn^(II) and Fe^(II); tmphen = 3,4,7,8-tetramethyl-1,10-phenanthroline), represent additions to a large homologous family of TBP molecules reported by the Dunbar group over the years. The [Mo(CN)_(6)]^(3-) ion was prepared in situ by loss of one cyanide ligand from [Mo(CN)_(7)]^(4-). Of particular interest among the compounds reported is the V_(3)Mo_(2) analog which exhibits extraordinarily strong antiferromagnetic coupling (estimated J = -134 cm^(-1). The observed exchange coupling parameter is more than twice the current record for the antiferromagnetic coupling parameter for a cyanide-bridged magnetic molecule. Another set of results were obtained using the octacyanometallate anion [WV(CN)_(8)]^(3-) as a building block for the synthesis and magnetic studies of a family of new cyanide-bridged magnetic materials. The compounds exhibit several different structural motifs including three 0-D molecular compounds (two pentanuclear molecules and a linear trinuclear molecule) and a 1-D chain, findings that illustrate the structural versatility of the octacyanotungstate(V) ions. The TBP molecule, [Mn(tmphen)_(2)]_(3)[W(CN)_(8)]_(2), exhibits evidence for an out-of-phase signal when subjected to ac measurements in zero applied field. The 1-D chain also reveals evidence for the beginning of an out-of-phase signal under zero applied field which hints at single chain magnet behavior.

Southerland, Heather Irene

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Incorporating ecological risk assessment into remedial investigation/feasibility study work plans  

SciTech Connect

This guidance document (1) provides instructions on preparing the components of an ecological work plan to complement the overall site remedial investigation/feasibility study (RI/FS) work plan and (2) directs the user on how to implement ecological tasks identified in the plan. Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA), as amended by the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA), and RI/FS work plan will have to be developed as part of the site-remediation scoping process. Specific guidance on the RI/FS process and the preparation of work plans has been developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA 1988a). This document provides guidance to US Department of Energy (DOE) staff and contractor personnel for incorporation of ecological information into environmental remediation planning and decision making at CERCLA sites.

Not Available

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Ionic liquid pretreatment of poplar wood at room temperature: swelling and incorporation of nanoparticles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lignocellulosic biomass represents a potentially sustainable source of liquid fuels and commodity chemicals. It could satisfy the energy needs for transportation and electricity generation, while contributing substantially to carbon sequestration and limiting the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Potential feedstocks are abundant and include crops, agricultural wastes, forest products, grasses, and algae. Among those feedstocks, wood is mainly constituted of three components: cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. The conversion process of lignocellulosic biomass typically consists of three steps: (1) pretreatment; (2) hydrolysis of cellulose and hemicellulose into fermentable sugars; and (3) fermentation of the sugars into liquid fuels (ethanol) and other commodity chemicals. The pretreatment step is necessary due to the complex structure of the plant cell wall and the chemical resistance of lignin. Most current pretreatments are energy-intensive and/or polluting. So it is imperative to develop new pretreatments that are economically viable and environmentally friendly. Recently, ionic liquids have attracted considerable interest, due to their ability to dissolve biopolymers, such as cellulose, lignin, native switchgrass, and others. Ionic liquids are also considered green solvents, since they have been successfully recycled at high yields for further use with limited efficiency loss. Also, a few microbial cellulases remain active at high ionic liquid concentration. However, all studies on the dissolution of wood in ionic liquids have been conducted so far at high temperatures, typically above 90 C. Development of alternative pretreatments at room temperature is desirable to eliminate the additional energy cost. In this study, thin sections of poplar wood were swollen at room temperature by a 3 h ionic liquid (1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate or EMIMAc) pretreatment. The pretreated sample was then exposed to an aqueous suspension of nanoparticles that resulted in the sample contraction and the deposition of nanoparticles onto the surface and embedded into the cell wall. To date, both silver and gold particles ranging in size from 40-100 nm have been incorporated into wood. Penetration of gold nanoparticles of 100 nm diameter in the cell walls was best confirmed by near-infrared confocal Raman microscopy, since the deposition of gold nanoparticles induces a significant enhancement of the Raman signal from the wood in their close proximity, an enhancement attributed to the surface-enhanced Raman effect (SERS). After rinsing with water, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Raman images of the same areas show that most nanoparticles remained on the pretreated sample. Raman images at different depths reveal that a significant number of nanoparticles were incorporated into the wood sample, at depths up to 4 {micro}m, or 40 times the diameter of the nanoparticles. Control experiments on an untreated wood sample resulted in the deposition of nanoparticles only at the surface and most nanoparticles were removed upon rinsing. This particle incorporation process enables the development of new pretreatments, since the nanoparticles have a high surface-to-volume ratio and could be chemically functionalized. Other potential applications for the incorporated nanoparticles include isotope tracing, catalysis, imaging agents, drug-delivery systems, energy-storage devices, and chemical sensors.

Lucas, Marcel [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Macdonald, Brian A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wagner, Gregory L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Joyce, Steven A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rector, Kirk D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Incorporating Radiation Effects into Edge Plasma Transport Models with Extended Atomic Data Tables  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Plasmas at the tokamak edge can be very optically thick to hydrogen resonance lines. The resulting strong line radiation can significantly affect the ionization and energy balance in these plasmas. One method of account for effects is to self-consistently couple a partially ionized plasma transport model with a nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium (NLTE) model incorporating line radiation transfer. This approach has been implemented in one dimension, but would be computationally challenging and expensive to implement in multiple dimensions. Approximate treatments of radiation transfer can decrease the computational time, but would still require coupling to a multidimensional plasma transport model to address realistic geometries, e.g. the tokamak divertor. Here, we consider the development of atomic hydrogen data tables that include radiation interactions and can be easily applied to multidimensional geometries.

Scott, H A; Adams, M L

2004-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

180

Incorporation of Novel Nanostructured Materials into Solar Cells and Nanoelectronic Devices  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Each of the investigators on this project has had significant accomplishments toward the production of semiconductor nanoparticles, particles, and thin films and attempts to incorporate these materials into photovoltaics or sensors; to use them for improving fluorescence diagnostics; or to employ them as cancer fighting agents. The synthesis and characterization of the nanomaterials, and more recently the device construction and testing of these materials, have been the subject of several publications and presentations by team members. During the course of the investigations, several students were fully involved as part of their graduate and undergraduate training. The nature of these projects in material development dictates that the students have gained significant experience in a diverse array of material-related topics.

Rodriguez, Rene; Pak, Joshua; Holland, Andrew; Hunt, Alan; Bitterwolf, Thomas; Qiang, You; Bergman, Leah; Berven, Christine; Punnoose, Alex; Tenne, Dmitri

2011-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Incorporation of catalytic dehydrogenation into fischer-tropsch synthesis to significantly reduce carbon dioxide emissions  

SciTech Connect

A new method of producing liquid transportation fuels from coal and other hydrocarbons that significantly reduces carbon dioxide emissions by combining Fischer-Tropsch synthesis with catalytic dehydrogenation is claimed. Catalytic dehydrogenation (CDH) of the gaseous products (C1-C4) of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) can produce large quantities of hydrogen while converting the carbon to multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT). Incorporation of CDH into a FTS-CDH plant converting coal to liquid fuels can eliminate all or most of the CO.sub.2 emissions from the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction that is currently used to elevate the H.sub.2 level of coal-derived syngas for FTS. Additionally, the FTS-CDH process saves large amounts of water used by the WGS reaction and produces a valuable by-product, MWCNT.

Huffman, Gerald P.

2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

182

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FG02-00CH11062; W(A)-01-007; CH-1060 FG02-00CH11062; W(A)-01-007; CH-1060 As set out in attached waiver petition and in subsequent discussions with Solar Turbines Incorporated (Solar), Solar has requested an advance waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions made under the above identified cooperative agreement by its employees and its subcontractors' employees, regardless of tier, except inventions made by subcontractors eligible to retain title to inventions pursuant to P.L. 96-517, as amended, or National Laboratories. The objective of the cooperative agreement is to develop new alloys for use in high temperature turbomachinery, and specifically, in the Primary Surface Recuperator (PSR) in Solar's Mercury 50 gas turbine. As brought out in paragraph 2 of Solar's petition, the new material will be used in

183

Incorporation of 4d and 5d Transition Metal Cyanometallates into Magnetic Clusters and Materials.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The work presented herein describes efforts to synthesize and characterize new types of cyanide-bridged molecular materials encompassing both discrete clusters and extended solids. This investigation focused on the incorporation of anisotropic 4d and 5d transition metal ion building blocks into such materials. In this vein, systematic studies on the magnetic properties of families of these cyano-bridges species were conducted and these new materials represent a new addition to the field of cyanide chemistry incorporating for the first time the hexacyanometallates of [Ru(CN)6]3- and [Os(CN)6]3- into discrete molecules and extended networks. These compounds will serve as models for new theoretical studies in understanding the role of magnetic exchange interactions, both isotropic and anisotropic, in the study of nanomagnetic materials. Results were obtained from using the well known octacyanometallates of MoV and WV as building blocks for the synthesis and the magnetic investigation of both trigonal bipyramidal and pentadecanuclear clusters including the discovery of a new SMM. By expanding the research to previously unused hexacyanometallates, the synthesis and characterization of the first known examples of clusters based on hexacyanoosmate(III) and hexacyanoruthenate(III) building blocks and their use in preparing new theoretical models of magnetic species. A novel pair of clusters is further detailed in the study of the trigonal bipyramidal clusters of [Fe(tmphen)2]3[Os(CN)6]2 and [Fe(tmphen)2]3[Ru(CN)6]2 and an in depth study of the CTIST behavior of these clusters using Mossbauer spectroscopy, variable temperature crystallography, epr, and variable temperature IR measurements. Finally, this work discusses new magnetic Prussian Blue analogs prepared from the hexacyanoosmate(III) and hexacyanoruthenate(III) anions with a comparison to the trigonal bipyramidal clusters presented based on these hexacyanoosmate(III) and hexacyanoruthenate(III) building blocks.

Hilfiger, Matthew Gary

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Understanding why crime fell in the 1990s: Four factors that explain the decline and six that do not  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use. Please contact the publisher regarding any further use of this work. Publisher contact information may be obtained at

Steven D. Levitt; Steven D. Levitt

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Incorporation of HPAC 5.0 Transport Phenomenology to RASCAL's Radiological Releases  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to describe the incorporation of DTRA's HPAC (Hazard Prediction and Assessment Capability) code under the NRC's code RASCAL (Radiological Assessment System for Consequence AnaLysis). The current version of RASCAL (version 3.0.5) evaluates releases from: nuclear power plants, spent fuel storage pools and casks, fuel cycle facilities, and radioactive material handling facilities. It appears to be a single piece of software; however, it is a set of inter-linked modules. These elements include: (1) Source term: this module calculates a time-dependent source term, which for nuclear power plants, is composed of about 50 radionuclides including parents and daughters; (2) Meteorological data processor: this module interrupts weather observations and forecasts along with local topography to generate time-dependent wind fields used in the transport of the plume; (3) Atmospheric transport and diffusion: this module uses the wind fields with a two-dimensional Gaussian puff model to transport the plume downwind and to calculate concentrations of each radionuclide as a function of time and location; (4) Dose calculator: this module calculates various types of doses resulting from airborne releases (TEDE, thyroid, acute, etc.) to individuals at each location from three dose pathways--inhalation, cloudshine, and groundshine. It also calculates the longer-term intermediate phase doses from deposited radionuclides. The calculations are completely consistent with the EPA protective action guide manual and the methods adopted by the Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center (FRMAC); (5) Display of results: this module allows the user to display a wide variety of calculated results as either a picture of the plume footprint on a map background for each of the result types or as numeric table; and (6) Uranium hexafluoride module: for uranium hexafluoride releases, RASCAL contains a heavy gas model to account for the exothermic reaction with air and gravitational slumping of the plume. In summary, the incorporation of HPAC transport methodology under RASCAL provides for a much more defined prediction of the dispersion of the radiological material as well as the latest dose conversion factors following a postulated accident.

Sanders, Robert Lon [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

A generalized linear-quadratic model incorporating reciprocal time pattern of radiation damage repair  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: It has been conventionally assumed that the repair rate for sublethal damage (SLD) remains constant during the entire radiation course. However, increasing evidence from animal studies suggest that this may not the case. Rather, it appears that the repair rate for radiation-induced SLD slows down with increasing time. Such a slowdown in repair would suggest that the exponential repair pattern would not necessarily accurately predict repair process. As a result, the purpose of this study was to investigate a new generalized linear-quadratic (LQ) model incorporating a repair pattern with reciprocal time. The new formulas were tested with published experimental data. Methods: The LQ model has been widely used in radiation therapy, and the parameter G in the surviving fraction represents the repair process of sublethal damage with T{sub r} as the repair half-time. When a reciprocal pattern of repair process was adopted, a closed form of G was derived analytically for arbitrary radiation schemes. The published animal data adopted to test the reciprocal formulas. Results: A generalized LQ model to describe the repair process in a reciprocal pattern was obtained. Subsequently, formulas for special cases were derived from this general form. The reciprocal model showed a better fit to the animal data than the exponential model, particularly for the ED50 data (reduced {chi}{sup 2}{sub min} of 2.0 vs 4.3, p = 0.11 vs 0.006), with the following gLQ parameters: {alpha}/{beta} = 2.6-4.8 Gy, T{sub r} = 3.2-3.9 h for rat feet skin, and {alpha}/{beta} = 0.9 Gy, T{sub r} = 1.1 h for rat spinal cord. Conclusions: These results of repair process following a reciprocal time suggest that the generalized LQ model incorporating the reciprocal time of sublethal damage repair shows a better fit than the exponential repair model. These formulas can be used to analyze the experimental and clinical data, where a slowing-down repair process appears during the course of radiation therapy.

Huang, Zhibin; Mayr, Nina A.; Lo, Simon S.; Wang, Jian Z.; Jia Guang; Yuh, William T. C.; Johnke, Roberta [Department of Radiation Oncology, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina 27834 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Department of Radiology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, 27834 (United States)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

187

Incorporating Equipment Condition Assessment in Risk Monitors for Advanced Small Modular Reactors  

SciTech Connect

Advanced small modular reactors (aSMRs) can complement the current fleet of large light-water reactors in the USA for baseload and peak demand power production and process heat applications (e.g., water desalination, shale oil extraction, hydrogen production). The day-to-day costs of aSMRs are expected to be dominated by operations and maintenance (O&M); however, the effect of diverse operating missions and unit modularity on O&M is not fully understood. These costs could potentially be reduced by optimized scheduling, with risk-informed scheduling of maintenance, repair, and replacement of equipment. Currently, most nuclear power plants have a living probabilistic risk assessment (PRA), which reflects the as-operated, as-modified plant and combine event probabilities with population-based probability of failure (POF) for key components. Risk monitors extend the PRA by incorporating the actual and dynamic plant configuration (equipment availability, operating regime, environmental conditions, etc.) into risk assessment. In fact, PRAs are more integrated into plant management in todays nuclear power plants than at any other time in the history of nuclear power. However, population-based POF curves are still used to populate fault trees; this approach neglects the time-varying condition of equipment that is relied on during standard and non-standard configurations. Equipment condition monitoring techniques can be used to estimate the component POF. Incorporating this unit-specific estimate of POF in the risk monitor can provide a more accurate estimate of risk in different operating and maintenance configurations. This enhanced risk assessment will be especially important for aSMRs that have advanced component designs, which dont have an available operating history to draw from, and often use passive design features, which present challenges to PRA. This paper presents the requirements and technical gaps for developing a framework to integrate unit-specific estimates of POF into risk monitors, resulting in enhanced risk monitors that support optimized operation and maintenance of aSMRs.

Coble, Jamie B.; Coles, Garill A.; Meyer, Ryan M.; Ramuhalli, Pradeep

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Incorporation of Integral Fuel Burnable Absorbers Boron and Gadolinium into Zirconium-Alloy Fuel Clad Material  

SciTech Connect

Long-lived fuels require the use of higher enrichments of 235U or other fissile materials. Such high levels of fissile material lead to excessive fuel activity at the beginning of life. To counteract this excessive activity, integral fuel burnable absorbers (IFBA) are added to some rods in the fuel assembly. The two commonly used IFBA elements are gadolinium, which is added as gadolinium-oxide to the UO2 powder, and boron, which is applied as a zirconium-diboride coating on the UO2 pellets using plasma spraying or chemical vapor deposition techniques. The incorporation of IFBA into the fuel has to be performed in a nuclear-regulated facility that is physically separated from the main plant. These operations tend to be very costly because of their small volume and can add from 20 to 30% to the manufacturing cost of the fuel. Other manufacturing issues that impact cost and performance are maintaining the correct levels of dosing, the reduction in fuel melting point due to gadolinium-oxide additions, and parasitic neutron absorption at fuel's end-of-life. The goal of the proposed research is to develop an alternative approach that involves incorporation of boron or gadolinium into the outer surface of the fuel cladding material rather than as an additive to the fuel pellets. This paradigm shift will allow for the introduction of the IFBA in a non-nuclear regulated environment and will obviate the necessity of additional handling and processing of the fuel pellets. This could represent significant cost savings and potentially lead to greater reproducibility and control of the burnable fuel in the early stages of the reactor operation. The surface alloying is being performed using the IBEST (Ion Beam Surface Treatment) process developed at Sandia National Laboratories. IBEST involves the delivery of energetic ion beam pulses onto the surface of a material, near-surface melting, and rapid solidification. The non-equilibrium nature of such processing allows for surface alloying well in excess of the thermodynamically dictated solubility limits, an effect that is particularly relevant to this research due to the negligible solubility of boron and gadolinium in zirconium. University of Wisconsin is performing the near surface materials characterization and analysis, aiding Sandia in process optimization, and promoting educational activities. Westinghouse is performing process manufacturability and scale-up analysis and is performing autoclave testing of the surface treated samples. The duration of this NERI project is 2 years, from 9/2002 to 9/2004.

Sridharan, K.; Renk, T.J.; Lahoda, E.J.; Corradini, M.L

2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

189

Sulfur isotopic evidence for controls on sulfur incorporation in peat and coal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pyritic sulfur isotope [delta][sup 34]S values were used as a measure of two principal controls on sulfur incorporation in peat and coal: the availability of sulfate, and the activity of sulfate-reducing bacteria in the peat-forming mire. Relatively low [delta][sup 34]S values indicated an open system with a relatively abundant supply of sulfate that exceeded the rate of sulfate reduction to sulfide, whereas relatively high [delta][sup 34]S values indicated a closed system with a more limited supply of sulfate. For example, in the high-sulfur (>3% S), Holocene deposits of Mud Lake, Florida, pyritic sulfur [delta][sup 34]S values decreasing sharply across the transition from peat to the overlying lacustrine sapropel, which corresponds to an increased supply of sulfate from the lake waters. Likewise, syngenetic pyrite in the high-sulfur Minto coal bed (Pictou Group, Westphalian C) in New Brunswick, Canada, show up to 10% negative shifts in [delta][sup 34]S in attrital layers containing detrital quartz and illite, consistent with an increased supply of sulfate from streams entering the peat-forming mire. In contrast, positive pyritic sulfur [delta][sup 34]S values in high-sulfur, channel-fill coal beds (lower Breathitt Formation, Middle Pennsylvanian) in eastern Kentucky indicate that a steady supply of sulfate was exhausted by very active microbial sulfate reduction in the channel-fill peat.

Spiker, E.C.; Bates, A.L. (Geological Survey, Reston, VA (United States))

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Stochastic modelling of landfill leachate and biogas production incorporating waste heterogeneity. Model formulation and uncertainty analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mathematical model simulating the hydrological and biochemical processes occurring in landfilled waste is presented and demonstrated. The model combines biochemical and hydrological models into an integrated representation of the landfill environment. Waste decomposition is modelled using traditional biochemical waste decomposition pathways combined with a simplified methodology for representing the rate of decomposition. Water flow through the waste is represented using a statistical velocity model capable of representing the effects of waste heterogeneity on leachate flow through the waste. Given the limitations in data capture from landfill sites, significant emphasis is placed on improving parameter identification and reducing parameter requirements. A sensitivity analysis is performed, highlighting the model's response to changes in input variables. A model test run is also presented, demonstrating the model capabilities. A parameter perturbation model sensitivity analysis was also performed. This has been able to show that although the model is sensitive to certain key parameters, its overall intuitive response provides a good basis for making reasonable predictions of the future state of the landfill system. Finally, due to the high uncertainty associated with landfill data, a tool for handling input data uncertainty is incorporated in the model's structure. It is concluded that the model can be used as a reasonable tool for modelling landfill processes and that further work should be undertaken to assess the model's performance.

Zacharof, A.I.; Butler, A.P

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Properties of concrete incorporating high volumes of ASTM Class F fly ash  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the results of research performed in developing high-volume fly ash (HVFA) concrete incorporating ASTM Type I cement and ASTM Class F fly ash from Big Brown Power Plant of TU Electric, Texas. In HVFA concrete, the proportion of fly ash was 58 percent by weight of the total cementitious materials, the water and cement content were kept low at 115 and 155 k g/M3 , respectively. A broad range of engineering properties was investigated including compressive strength, flexural strength, splitting-tensile strength, Young's modulus of elasticity, drying shrinkage, resistance to freeze-thaw cycling, pore structure and activation energy. A preliminary economic analysis was also performed on HVFA concrete. The HVFA concrete evaluated in this study had satisfactory workability and setting characteristics. It also exhibited excellent mechanical properties with satisfactory early age strength and good long-term strength development. The HVFA concrete had relatively low drying shrinkage and a very fine pore system. Excellent durability under freeze-thaw cycling was also found for the air-entrained HVFA concrete. Results from activation energy test show that strength gain of the HVFA concrete under isothermal curing conditions could be modeled appropriately using Plowman's logarithmic strength-age model. The relative strength-maturity relationship was established for the HVFA concrete containing various percentages of additional gypsum. The HVFA concrete investigated was determined to be cost effective. It was shown that about two and half dollars per cubic meter could be saved through savings on portland cement.

Li, Wei Tung

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Stability of uranium incorporated into Fe(hydr)oxides under fluctuating redox conditions  

SciTech Connect

Reaction pathways resulting in uranium bearing solids that are stable (i.e., having limited solubility) under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions will limit dissolved concentrations and migration of this toxin. Here we examine the sorption mechanism and propensity for release of uranium reacted with Fe (hydr)oxides under cyclic oxidizing and reducing conditions. Upon reaction of ferrihydrite with Fe(II) under conditions where aqueous Ca-UO{sub 2}-CO{sub 3} species predominate (3 mM Ca and 3.8 mM CO{sub 3}-total), dissolved uranium concentrations decrease from 0.16 mM to below detection limit (BDL) after 5 to 15 d, depending on the Fe(II) concentration. In systems undergoing 3 successive redox cycles (15 d of reduction followed by 5 d of oxidation) and a pulsed decrease to 0.15 mM CO{sub 3}-total, dissolved uranium concentrations varied depending on the Fe(II) concentration during the initial and subsequent reduction phases - U concentrations resulting during the oxic 'rebound' varied inversely with the Fe(II) concentration during the reduction cycle. Uranium removed from solution remains in the oxidized form and is found both adsorbed on and incorporated into the structure of newly formed goethite and magnetite. Our 15 results reveal that the fate of uranium is dependent on anaerobic/aerobic conditions, aqueous uranium speciation, and the fate of iron.

Stewart, B.D.; Nico, P.S.; Fendorf, S.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Incorporating qualitative objectives in integrated resource planning: Application of analytic hierarchy process and compromise programming  

SciTech Connect

This article proposes a multiobjective methodology for the integrated resource planning (IRP) problem using a combined analytic hierarchy process (AHP)-compromise programming (CP) model. Six objectives, of which five are qualitative in nature, have been considered to select demand and supply-side resources for meeting future electricity demand. The quantitative objective (viz., cost) is employed directly in the CP model. AHP priorities are derived for the qualitative objectives (e.g., technological maturity) after eliciting expert judgments. These priorities are employed as coefficients of the decision variables in the objective functions corresponding to the qualitative objectives of the model. The two distinct advantages of this method are (1) explicit consideration of all important qualitative and quantitative aspects of demand-side management (DSM) and supply-side options, and (2) consideration of specific characteristics of various types of DSM options. An illustrative application is provided for an Indian utility (Maharashtra State Electricity System) for its integrated resource plan for the period 1990--2000. The results show that the AHP-CP model incorporating qualitative objectives selects a different portfolio of DSM and supply options, as compared with single-criterion solutions. Compromise among the conflicting objectives leads to significant cost savings as well as qualitative benefits like improved system reliability, reduced environmental impact, fewer problems related to fuel supply, and shorter project installation times.

Koundinya, S.; Chattopadhyay, D.; Ramanathan, R. [Indira Gandhi Inst. of Development Research, Bombay (India)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Incorporating Wind Generation Forecast Uncertainty into Power System Operation, Dispatch, and Unit Commitment Procedures  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this paper, an approach to evaluate the uncertainties of the balancing capacity, ramping capability, and ramp duration requirements is proposed. The approach includes three steps: forecast data acquisition, statistical analysis of retrospective information, and prediction of grid balancing requirements for a specified time horizon and a given confidence level. Assessment of the capacity and ramping requirements is performed using a specially developed probabilistic algorithm based on histogram analysis, incorporating sources of uncertainty of both continuous (wind and load forecast errors) and discrete (forced generator outages and start-up failures) nature. A new method called the "flying-brick" technique is developed to evaluate the look-ahead required generation performance envelope for the worst case scenario within a user-specified confidence level. A self-validation process is used to validate the accuracy of the confidence intervals. To demonstrate the validity of the developed uncertainty assessment methods and its impact on grid operation, a framework for integrating the proposed methods with an EMS system is developed. Demonstration through integration with an EMS system illustrates the applicability of the proposed methodology and the developed tool for actual grid operation and paves the road for integration with EMS systems from other vendors.

Makarov, Yuri V.; Etingov, Pavel V.; Huang, Zhenyu; Ma, Jian; Subbarao, Krishnappa

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

195

Incorporating Uncertainty of Wind Power Generation Forecast into Power System Operation, Dispatch, and Unit Commitment Procedures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An approach to evaluate the uncertainties of the balancing capacity, ramping capability, and ramp duration requirements is proposed. The approach includes three steps: forecast data acquisition, statistical analysis of retrospective information, and prediction of grid balancing requirements for a specified time horizon and a given confidence level. An assessment of the capacity and ramping requirements is performed using a specially developed probabilistic algorithm based on histogram analysis, incorporating sources of uncertainty - both continuous (wind and load forecast errors) and discrete (forced generator outages and start-up failures). A new method called the 'flying-brick' technique is developed to evaluate the look-ahead required generation performance envelope for the worst case scenario within a user-specified confidence level. A self-validation process is used to validate the accuracy of the confidence intervals. To demonstrate the validity of the developed uncertainty assessment methods and its impact on grid operation, a framework for integrating the proposed methods with an EMS system is developed. Demonstration through EMS integration illustrates the applicability of the proposed methodology and the developed tool for actual grid operation and paves the road for integration with EMS systems in control rooms.

Makarov, Yuri V.; Etingov, Pavel V.; Ma, Jian; Huang, Zhenyu; Subbarao, Krishnappa

2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

196

Improving Area Control Error Diversity Interchange (ADI) Program by Incorporating Congestion Constraints  

SciTech Connect

The area control error (ACE) determines how much a balancing authority (BA) needs to move its regulating units to meet mandatory control performance standard requirements. Regulation is an expensive resource that could cost several hundred million dollars a year for a BA. The amount of regulation needed in a system is increasing with more intermittent generation resources added to the system. The ACE diversity interchange (ADI) program provides a tool for reducing the regulation requirement by combining ACEs from several participating BAs followed by sharing the total ACE among all participating balancing areas. The effect is achieved as a result of the low statistical correlation between the original ACEs of participating BAs. A rule-based ADI approach has already been put into practice in the US Western Interconnection. The degree of actual ACE sharing is artificially limited because of the unknown redistribution of power flows and possible system congestion (these factors are not monitored in the existing ADI). This paper proposes a two-step linear programming (LP) ADI approach that incorporates congestion constraints. In the first step of the proposed LP ADI, the line transmission limits are enforced by setting up corresponding constraints. In the second step, the business fairness is pursued. Simulation is performed to compare the properties of the proposed LP ADI and the existing rule-based ADI. Favorable features, such as avoiding line limit violations and increasing the degree of possible ACE sharing, are observed for the proposed LP ADI.

Zhou, Ning; Etingov, Pavel V.; Makarov, Yuri V.; Guttromson, Ross T.; McManus, Bart

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

197

Incorporation of oxidized uranium into Fe (hydr)oxides during Fe(II) catalyzed remineralization  

SciTech Connect

The form of solid phase U after Fe(II) induced anaerobic remineralization of ferrihydrite in the presence of aqueous and absorbed U(VI) was investigated under both abiotic batch and biotic flow conditions. Experiments were conducted with synthetic ground waters containing 0.168 mM U(VI), 3.8 mM carbonate, and 3.0 mM Ca{sup 2+}. In spite of the high solubility of U(VI) under these conditions, appreciable removal of U(VI) from solution was observed in both the abiotic and biotic systems. The majority of the removed U was determined to be substituted as oxidized U (U(VI) or U(V)) into the octahedral position of the goethite and magnetite formed during ferrihydrite remineralization. It is estimated that between 3% and 6% of octahedral Fe(III) centers in the new Fe minerals were occupied by U(VI). This site specific substitution is distinct from the non-specific U co-precipitation processes in which uranyl compounds, e.g. uranyl hydroxide or carbonate, are entrapped with newly formed Fe oxides. The prevalence of site specific U incorporation under both abiotic and biotic conditions and the fact that the produced solids were shown to be resistant to both extraction (30 mM KHCO{sub 3}) and oxidation (air for 5 days) suggest the potential importance of sequestration in Fe oxides as a stable and immobile form of U in the environment.

Nico, Peter S.; Stewart, Brandy D.; Fendorf, Scott

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Incorporating long-term climate change in performance assessment for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant  

SciTech Connect

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is developing the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in southeastern New Mexico for the disposal of transuranic wastes generated by defense programs. Applicable regulations (40 CFR 191) require the DOE to evaluate disposal-system performance for 10,000 yr. Climatic changes may affect performance by altering groundwater flow. Paleoclimatic data from southeastern New Mexico and the surrounding area indicate that the wettest and coolest Quaternary climate at the site can be represented by that at the last glacial maximum, when mean annual precipitation was approximately twice that of the present. The hottest and driest climates have been similar to that of the present. The regularity of global glacial cycles during the late Pleistocene confirms that the climate of the last glacial maximum is suitable for use as a cooler and wetter bound for variability during the next 10,000 yr. Climate variability is incorporated into groundwater-flow modeling for WIPP PA by causing hydraulic head in a portion of the model-domain boundary to rise to the ground surface with hypothetical increases in precipitation during the next 10,000 yr. Variability in modeled disposal-system performance introduced by allowing head values to vary over this range is insignificant compared to variability resulting from other causes, including incomplete understanding of transport processes. Preliminary performance assessments suggest that climate variability will not affect regulatory compliance.

Swift, P.N. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Baker, B.L. [Technadyne Engineering Consultants, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Economy, K. [Ecodynamics Research Associates, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Garner, J.W. [Applied Physics, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Helton, J.C. [Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States); Rudeen, D.K. [New Mexico Engineering Research Inst., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

199

Quantum mechanical analogue of the zeroth law of thermodynamics. (On the problem of incorporating Thermodynamics into Quantum Theory)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This approach to the incorporation of stochastic thermodynamics into quantum theory is based on the conception of consistent inclusion of the holistic stochastic environmental influence described by wave functions of the arbitrary vacuum, which was proposed in our paper previously. In this study, we implement the possibility of explicitly incorporating the zeroth law of stochastic thermodynamics in the form of the saturated Schr\\"odinger uncertainty relation into quantum theory. This allows comparatively analyzing the sets of states of arbitrary vacuums, namely, squeezed coherent states (SCSs) and correlated coherent states (CCSs). In addition, we compare the results of the construction of stochastic thermodynamics using SCSs and TCCSs with the versions involving the incorporation of thermodynamics into quantum theory developed previously and based on thermofield dynamics and quantum statistical mechanics.

O. N. Golubjeva; A. D. Sukhanov

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

200

Incorporating Active-learning into a Web-based Ethics Course  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report explores the development of interactive, web-based activities in a Computer Science course for majors that meets the requirements of the Computer Science Accreditation Commission (CSAC) for a course in computer ethics and social impact. Starting from a project to develop a digital library to support a longstanding course in "Professionalism in Computing", this web-based version has steadily evolved into a modular resource that permits teachers at other institutions to construct their own versions of an ethics and social impact course. For the past two years the passive nature of the digital library approach has been revised to incorporate active-learning concepts. While maintaining the belief that the teaching of ethics and social impact still requires some classroom interaction between participants and collaborative development activities, each topical module has been augmented by on-line active-learning plans that involve pre-class, in-class, and post-class projects. The preclass activities allow participants to gain a basic understanding of the topic prior to the class, to review assigned readings from the library, to surf the web for additional resources, and possibly to participate in an opinion survey that can be used as the basis for an in-class discussion. Post-class projects involve the application of learned concepts to the lives of the participants and the institution. An on-line debate system that emulates an "Oxford Union" style debate, forcing participants to clearly take pro or con positions on arguments, is an integral part of the course, though also available as an independent module. Used asynchronously, the debate system gives the opportunity for discussions to extend beyond the time limit of a class period, can involve several sections of...

John A. N. Lee

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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201

Issues and methods in incorporating environmental externalities into the integrated resource planning process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is a review of current practices and policies in considering environmental externalities in the integrated resource planning and performance based regulation (IRP/PBR) process. The following issues are presented and examined: What are the pros and cons of treating environmental externalities in the IRP process? How are potential future environmental regulations being treated? Are externalities being qualitatively or quantitatively considered, or monetized? Are offsets being allowed? How are externality policies being coordinated among different levels and branches of governments? Should environmental externalities be considered in dispatching a utility`s existing resources? What are the procedures for addressing uncertainty in incorporating environmental externalities into IRP? How are externalities valued? What are other approaches to addressing environmental externalities. This report describes seven major approaches for addressing environmental externalities in the IRP process: qualitative treatment, weighting and ranking, cost of control, damage function, percentage adders, monetization by emission, and multiattribute trade-off analysis. The discussion includes a taxonomy of the full range of alternative methods for addressing environmental externalities, a summary of state PUC actions, the role of state laws, the debate on environmental adders, and the choice of methodologies. In addition, this report characterizes the interests of stakeholders such as the electric industry, fuel suppliers, energy consumers, governmental agencies, public interest groups, consultants, and others. It appears that the views, positions, and interests of these stakeholders are affected by their perceptions of the potential impacts on their economic interests or the viability of their position on environmental policy, by the societal perspective they take, and by the orientation of the analysts toward market competition and their respective accumulated expertise.

Fang, J.M.; Galen, P.S.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Incorporation of system operation strategies in water rights modeling and analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the state of Texas. Effective management of this stochastic resource requires that the availability of water for various uses be estimated to a high degree of confidence. The availability of water is constrained by a variety of hydrologic, physical, environmental, and institutional factors. The adoption of the doctrine of prior appropriation by the state of Texas and the administration of the associated system of water rights places a significant institutional constraint upon the availability of water in the state. This thesis describes a generalized river basin simulation model (TAMUWRAP) capable of analyzing the hydrologic and institutional availability of water to specific users under a prior appropriative system of water rights. The model analyzes the availability of water to individual water rights considering system reservoir operations, return flows, hydroelectric power generation, negative incremental inflows between basin locations, and buffer zone operations. The model can also determine the availability of water to groups of water rights with multiple dates of priority and storage in multiple reservoirs. A case study applying TAMUWRAP to the Brazos River Basin in Texas is presented. The effects of various model options upon simulation results are demonstrated, concentrating on the system of reservoirs and water right permits owned by the Brazos River Authority. The effects of the incorporation of a system reservoir operating permit into the Texas water rights permit structure is investigated. Study results indicate that the Bmws River Authority benefits from conjunctive operation of its system of reservoir and might be able to increase its annual permitted diversion amount with a system permit.

Dunn, David Douglas

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Incorporating uncertainties into risk assessment with an application to the exploratory studies facilities at Yucca Mountain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A methodology that incorporates variability and reducible sources of uncertainty into the probabilistic and consequence components of risk was developed. The method was applied to the north tunnel of the Exploratory Studies Facility at Yucca Mountain in Nevada. In this assessment, variability and reducible sources of uncertainty were characterized and propagated through the risk assessment models using a Monte Carlo based software package. The results were then manipulated into risk curves at the 5% and 95% confidence levels for both the variability and overall uncertainty analyses, thus distinguishing between variability and reducible sources of uncertainty. In the Yucca Mountain application, the designation of the north tunnel as an item important to public safety, as defined by 10 CFR 60, was determined. Specifically, the annual frequency of a rock fall breaching a waste package causing an off-site dose of 500 mrem (5x10{sup -3} Sv) was calculated. The annual frequency, taking variability into account, ranged from 1.9x10{sup -9} per year at the 5% confidence level to 2.5x10{sup -9} per year at the 95% confidence level. The frequency range after including all uncertainty was 9.5x10{sup -10} to 1.8x10{sup -8} per year. The maximum observable frequency, at the 100% confidence level, was 4.9x10{sup -8} per year. This is below the 10{sup -6} per year frequency criteria of 10 CFR 60. Therefore, based on this work, the north tunnel does not fall under the items important to public safety designation for the event studied.

Fathauer, P.M.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Effect of silicate modulus and metakaolin incorporation on the carbonation of alkali silicate-activated slags  

SciTech Connect

Accelerated carbonation is induced in pastes and mortars produced from alkali silicate-activated granulated blast furnace slag (GBFS)-metakaolin (MK) blends, by exposure to CO{sub 2}-rich gas atmospheres. Uncarbonated specimens show compressive strengths of up to 63 MPa after 28 days of curing when GBFS is used as the sole binder, and this decreases by 40-50% upon complete carbonation. The final strength of carbonated samples is largely independent of the extent of metakaolin incorporation up to 20%. Increasing the metakaolin content of the binder leads to a reduction in mechanical strength, more rapid carbonation, and an increase in capillary sorptivity. A higher susceptibility to carbonation is identified when activation is carried out with a lower solution modulus (SiO{sub 2}/Na{sub 2}O ratio) in metakaolin-free samples, but this trend is reversed when metakaolin is added due to the formation of secondary aluminosilicate phases. High-energy synchrotron X-ray diffractometry of uncarbonated paste samples shows that the main reaction products in alkali-activated GBFS/MK blends are C-S-H gels, and aluminosilicates with a zeolitic (gismondine) structure. The main crystalline carbonation products are calcite in all samples and trona only in samples containing no metakaolin, with carbonation taking place in the C-S-H gels of all samples, and involving the free Na{sup +} present in the pore solution of the metakaolin-free samples. Samples containing metakaolin do not appear to have the same availability of Na{sup +} for carbonation, indicating that this is more effectively bound in the presence of a secondary aluminosilicate gel phase. It is clear that claims of exceptional carbonation resistance in alkali-activated binders are not universally true, but by developing a fuller mechanistic understanding of this process, it will certainly be possible to improve performance in this area.

Bernal, Susan A., E-mail: susana.bernal@gmail.co [Materials Engineering Department, Composite Materials Group, CENM, Universidad del Valle, Cali (Colombia); Mejia de Gutierrez, Ruby [Materials Engineering Department, Composite Materials Group, CENM, Universidad del Valle, Cali (Colombia); Provis, John L., E-mail: jprovis@unimelb.edu.a [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia); Rose, Volker [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

205

Algorithms for Incorporation of Dynamic Recovery in Estimating Frequency of Critical Station Blackout  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis involves exploring enhancement of estimating the probability of a critical station blackout in nuclear power plant operations by the use of direct numerical evaluation of multidimensional nonrecovery integrals. This requires development of computational methods with data provided from South Texas Project Nuclear Operating Company (STPNOC). Several methods that are currently used in the industry to estimate such probabilities often overestimate the value substantially. The computational integral method developed in the thesis will reduce excess conservatism while maintaining plant safety standards. This computational integral is calculated using a MATLAB research code referred to generally as "STP-TAMIL" which is for South Texas Project --Texas A&M Improved LOOP. The code itself (along with the user manual) was developed in conjunction with this Thesis. STP-TAMIL is successful in reducing the estimated probability of critical station blackout by a significant amount (about 88.47 percent ) with the incorporation of recovery of offsite and onsite power for South Texas Project? s nuclear plants, and results were verified. This thesis also describes an asymptotic justification for to the non-recovery integral used. Applications to the industry, or STPNOC, which will use the "TAMIL" code are addressed. Some assumptions used throughout the problem suggest that if more dynamic rates or distributions are used then more recovery can be obtained, which will decrease the probability of critical station blackout. Methodology developed in this thesis will be used in future work to develop this STP-TAMIL research code into a model used industry wide in commercial nuclear power plants.

Rodi, Paul J.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Advanced insulations for refrigerator/freezers: The potential for new shell designs incorporating polymer barrier construction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impending phase-out of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) used to expand foam insulation, combined with requirements for increased energy efficiency, make the use of non-CFC-based high performance insulation technologies increasingly attractive. The majority of current efforts are directed at using advanced insulations in the form of thin, flat low-conductivity gas-filled or evacuated orthogonal panels, which we refer to as Advanced Insulation Panels (AIPs). AIPs can be used in composite with blown polymer foams to improve insulation performance in refrigerator/freezers (R/Fs) of conventional design and manufacture. This AIP/foam composite approach is appealing because it appears to be a feasible, near-term method for incorporating advanced insulations into R/Fs without substantial redesign or retooling. However, the requirements for adequate flow of foam during the foam-in-place operation impose limitations on the allowable thickness and coverage area of AIPs. This report examines design alternatives which may offer a greater increase in overall thermal resistance than is possible with the use of AIP/foam composites in current R/F design. These design alternatives generally involve a basic redesign of the R/F taking into account the unique requirements of advanced insulations and the importance of minimizing thermal bridging with high thermal resistance insulations. The focus here is on R/F doors because they are relatively simple and independent R/F components and are therefore good candidates for development of alterative designs. R/F doors have significant thermal bridging problems due to the steel outer shell construction. A three dimensional finite difference computer modeling exercise of a R/F door geometry was used to compare the overall levels of thermal resistance (R-value) for various design configurations.

Griffith, B.T.; Arasteh, D.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Incorporating Single-nucleotide Polymorphisms Into the Lyman Model to Improve Prediction of Radiation Pneumonitis  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To determine whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes associated with DNA repair, cell cycle, transforming growth factor-{beta}, tumor necrosis factor and receptor, folic acid metabolism, and angiogenesis can significantly improve the fit of the Lyman-Kutcher-Burman (LKB) normal-tissue complication probability (NTCP) model of radiation pneumonitis (RP) risk among patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods and Materials: Sixteen SNPs from 10 different genes (XRCC1, XRCC3, APEX1, MDM2, TGF{beta}, TNF{alpha}, TNFR, MTHFR, MTRR, and VEGF) were genotyped in 141 NSCLC patients treated with definitive radiation therapy, with or without chemotherapy. The LKB model was used to estimate the risk of severe (grade {>=}3) RP as a function of mean lung dose (MLD), with SNPs and patient smoking status incorporated into the model as dose-modifying factors. Multivariate analyses were performed by adding significant factors to the MLD model in a forward stepwise procedure, with significance assessed using the likelihood-ratio test. Bootstrap analyses were used to assess the reproducibility of results under variations in the data. Results: Five SNPs were selected for inclusion in the multivariate NTCP model based on MLD alone. SNPs associated with an increased risk of severe RP were in genes for TGF{beta}, VEGF, TNF{alpha}, XRCC1 and APEX1. With smoking status included in the multivariate model, the SNPs significantly associated with increased risk of RP were in genes for TGF{beta}, VEGF, and XRCC3. Bootstrap analyses selected a median of 4 SNPs per model fit, with the 6 genes listed above selected most often. Conclusions: This study provides evidence that SNPs can significantly improve the predictive ability of the Lyman MLD model. With a small number of SNPs, it was possible to distinguish cohorts with >50% risk vs <10% risk of RP when they were exposed to high MLDs.

Tucker, Susan L., E-mail: sltucker@mdanderson.org [Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Li Minghuan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital, Jinan, Shandong (China)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital, Jinan, Shandong (China); Xu Ting; Gomez, Daniel [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Yuan Xianglin [Department of Oncology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China)] [Department of Oncology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China); Yu Jinming [Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital, Jinan, Shandong (China)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital, Jinan, Shandong (China); Liu Zhensheng; Yin Ming; Guan Xiaoxiang; Wang Lie; Wei Qingyi [Department of Epidemiology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)] [Department of Epidemiology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Mohan, Radhe [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)] [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Vinogradskiy, Yevgeniy [University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado (United States)] [University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado (United States); Martel, Mary [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)] [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Liao Zhongxing [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Incorporating supercritical steam turbines into molten-salt power tower plants : feasibility and performance.  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories and Siemens Energy, Inc., examined 14 different subcritical and supercritical steam cycles to determine if it is feasible to configure a molten-salt supercritical steam plant that has a capacity in the range of 150 to 200 MWe. The effects of main steam pressure and temperature, final feedwater temperature, and hot salt and cold salt return temperatures were determined on gross and half-net efficiencies. The main steam pressures ranged from 120 bar-a (subcritical) to 260 bar-a (supercritical). Hot salt temperatures of 566 and 600%C2%B0C were evaluated, which resulted in main steam temperatures of 553 and 580%C2%B0C, respectively. Also, the effects of final feedwater temperature (between 260 and 320%C2%B0C) were evaluated, which impacted the cold salt return temperature. The annual energy production and levelized cost of energy (LCOE) were calculated using the System Advisory Model on 165 MWe subcritical plants (baseline and advanced) and the most promising supercritical plants. It was concluded that the supercritical steam plants produced more annual energy than the baseline subcritical steam plant for the same-size heliostat field, receiver, and thermal storage system. Two supercritical steam plants had the highest annual performance and had nearly the same LCOE. Both operated at 230 bar-a main steam pressure. One was designed for a hot salt temperature of 600%C2%B0C and the other 565%C2%B0C. The LCOEs for these plants were about 10% lower than the baseline subcritical plant operating at 120 bar-a main steam pressure and a hot salt temperature of 565%C2%B0C. Based on the results of this study, it appears economically and technically feasible to incorporate supercritical steam turbines in molten-salt power tower plants.

Pacheco, James Edward; Wolf, Thorsten [Siemens Energy, Inc., Orlando, FL; Muley, Nishant [Siemens Energy, Inc., Orlando, FL

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Abstract--An optimization model that incorporates demand in the paradigm of smart grids and distributed generation is  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Maximum expected demand in the optimization period Cost associated to energy generated by demand from1 Abstract--An optimization model that incorporates demand in the paradigm of smart grids and distributed generation is formulated. The objective is to transform the demand into an active agent that helps

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

210

1 to be published in Wind Energy Many engineering systems incorporate prognostics and health management (PHM), which consists of technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 to be published in Wind Energy ABSTRACT Many engineering systems incorporate prognostics exist for wind energy systems, they do not specifically quantify the value of decisions after: GHaddad@slb.com. 1. INTRODUCTION Wind energy is at the forefront of alternative energy sources. The US

Sandborn, Peter

211

Incorporating voltage security into the planning, operation and monitoring of restructured electric energy markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As open access market principles are applied to power systems, significant changes are happening in their planning, operation and control. In the emerging marketplace, systems are operating under higher loading conditions as markets focus greater attention to operating costs than stability and security margins. Since operating stability is a basic requirement for any power system, there is need for newer tools to ensure stability and security margins being strictly enforced in the competitive marketplace. This dissertation investigates issues associated with incorporating voltage security into the unbundled operating environment of electricity markets. It includes addressing voltage security in the monitoring, operational and planning horizons of restructured power system. This dissertation presents a new decomposition procedure to estimate voltage security usage by transactions. The procedure follows physical law and uses an index that can be monitored knowing the state of the system. The expression derived is based on composite market coordination models that have both PoolCo and OpCo transactions, in a shared stressed transmission grid. Our procedure is able to equitably distinguish the impacts of individual transactions on voltage stability, at load buses, in a simple and fast manner. This dissertation formulates a new voltage stability constrained optimal power flow (VSCOPF) using a simple voltage security index. In modern planning, composite power system reliability analysis that encompasses both adequacy and security issues is being developed. We have illustrated the applicability of our VSCOPF into composite reliability analysis. This dissertation also delves into the various applications of voltage security index. Increasingly, FACT devices are being used in restructured markets to mitigate a variety of operational problems. Their control effects on voltage security would be demonstrated using our VSCOPF procedure. Further, this dissertation investigates the application of steady state voltage stability index to detect potential dynamic voltage collapse. Finally, this dissertation examines developments in representation, standardization, communication and exchange of power system data. Power system data is the key input to all analytical engines for system operation, monitoring and control. Data exchange and dissemination could impact voltage security evaluation and therefore needs to be critically examined.

Nair, Nirmal-Kumar

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Impact evaluation of an Energy $avings Plan project at Holnam Incorporated  

SciTech Connect

This impact evaluation of four energy conservation measures (ECMs) that were recently installed at Holnam Incorporated (Holnam) was conducted for the Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) as part of an evaluation of its Energy $avings Plan (E$P) Program. The Program makes acquisition payments to firms that install energy conservation measures in their industrial processes. The objective of this impact evaluation was to assess how much electrical energy is being saved at Holnam as a result of the E$P and to determine how much the savings cost Bonneville and the region. The impact of the ECMs was evaluated with a combination of engineering analysis, financial analysis, site visit and interview, and review of previous program submittals (Holnam`s Proposals and Completion Reports). The four ECMs were all electronic power control devices that replaced less efficient technologies for controlling power to the kiln drive motors, cooler grate drive motors, cooler fan motors, and kiln stack gas precipitators. Energy savings from this project are expected to be 1,782,000 kWh/yr or 0.20 average megawatts. On a unit production basis, this project will save 3.4 kWh/ton of cement, based on Holnam`s projected average annual future production rate. The four ECMs cost a total of $248,232 to install, and Holnam received payment of $115,615 from Bonneville for the acquisition of energy savings. Program administrative costs incurred by Bonneville, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), and Seattle City Light (SCL) were estimated to be $29,362. The real levelized cost (1992 $) of these energy savings to Bonneville will be 6.2 mills/kWh over the project`s expected 15-year life, and the real levelized cost (1992 $) to the region will be 14.1 mills/kWh. Based on expected ECM installation costs and energy savings benefits alone, none of the four ECMs would have been implemented by Holnam without the E$P acquisition payment.

Brown, D.R.; Spanner, G.E.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Impact evaluation of an Energy $avings Plan project at Holnam Incorporated  

SciTech Connect

This impact evaluation of four energy conservation measures (ECMs) that were recently installed at Holnam Incorporated (Holnam) was conducted for the Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) as part of an evaluation of its Energy $avings Plan (E$P) Program. The Program makes acquisition payments to firms that install energy conservation measures in their industrial processes. The objective of this impact evaluation was to assess how much electrical energy is being saved at Holnam as a result of the E$P and to determine how much the savings cost Bonneville and the region. The impact of the ECMs was evaluated with a combination of engineering analysis, financial analysis, site visit and interview, and review of previous program submittals (Holnam's Proposals and Completion Reports). The four ECMs were all electronic power control devices that replaced less efficient technologies for controlling power to the kiln drive motors, cooler grate drive motors, cooler fan motors, and kiln stack gas precipitators. Energy savings from this project are expected to be 1,782,000 kWh/yr or 0.20 average megawatts. On a unit production basis, this project will save 3.4 kWh/ton of cement, based on Holnam's projected average annual future production rate. The four ECMs cost a total of $248,232 to install, and Holnam received payment of $115,615 from Bonneville for the acquisition of energy savings. Program administrative costs incurred by Bonneville, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), and Seattle City Light (SCL) were estimated to be $29,362. The real levelized cost (1992 $) of these energy savings to Bonneville will be 6.2 mills/kWh over the project's expected 15-year life, and the real levelized cost (1992 $) to the region will be 14.1 mills/kWh. Based on expected ECM installation costs and energy savings benefits alone, none of the four ECMs would have been implemented by Holnam without the E$P acquisition payment.

Brown, D.R.; Spanner, G.E.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Attitudes of Texas agrilife extension 4-H agents on incorporating science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) in 4-H youth development.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to determine the attitudes of Texas Agrilife Extension county 4-H agents on incorporating science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) (more)

[No author

215

Structural and optical studies of nitrogen incorporation into GaSb-based GaInSb quantum wells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the incorporation of nitrogen into (Ga,In)Sb grown on GaSb and report room temperature photoluminescence from GaInSb(N) quantum wells. X-ray diffraction and channeling nuclear reaction analysis, together with Rutherford backscattering, were employed to identify the optimal molecular beam epitaxial growth conditions that minimized the incorporation of non-substitutional nitrogen into GaNSb. Consistent with this hypothesis, GaInSb(N) quantum wells grown under the conditions that minimized non-substitutional nitrogen exhibited room temperature photoluminescence, indicative of significantly improved radiative efficiency. Further development of this material system could enable type-I laser diodes emitting throughout the (3-5 {mu}m) wavelength range.

Nair, Hari P.; Crook, Adam M.; Bank, Seth R. [Microelectronics Research Center, Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, 10100 Burnet Rd, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Yu, Kin M. [Electronic Materials Program, Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2012-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

216

Impact of the Ga/In ratio on the N incorporation into (In,Ga)(As,N) quantum dots  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we demonstrate the dependence of the nitrogen incorporation on the Ga/In content into (In,Ga)(As,N) quantum dots (QDs) grown on GaAs (100) by radio-frequency plasma assisted molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). Morphological analysis by atomic force microscopy and cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy, together with an estimation of the transition thickness, monitored in situ during the growth, predict a maximum in the N incorporation for 30% Ga content. This result is confirmed by photoluminescence measurements of the as-grown and post-growth annealed samples. We attribute this behavior to a trade off between two mechanisms depending on the Ga/In content: one related to the stability of the Ga-N bond, and the other related to the surface strain and/or In segregation.

Gargallo-Caballero, R.; Guzman, A.; Ulloa, J. M.; Hierro, A. [Instituto de Sistemas Optoelectronicos y Microtecnologia (ISOM)-Departamento de Ingenieria Electronica, ETSI Telecomunicacion, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria s/n, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Hopkinson, M. [Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 3JD (United Kingdom); Luna, E.; Trampert, A. [Paul Drude Institut fuer Festkoerperelektronik, Hausvogteiplatz 5-7, 10117 Berlin (Germany)

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

217

Indium and impurity incorporation in InGaN films on polar, nonpolar, and semipolar GaN orientations grown by ammonia molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect

The effects of NH{sub 3} flow, group III flux, and substrate growth temperature on indium incorporation and surface morphology have been investigated for bulk InGaN films grown by ammonia molecular beam epitaxy. The incorporation of unintentional impurity elements (H, C, O) in InGaN films was studied as a function of growth temperature for growth on polar (0001) GaN on sapphire templates, nonpolar (1010) bulk GaN, and semipolar (1122), (2021) bulk GaN substrates. Enhanced indium incorporation was observed on both (1010) and (2021) surfaces relative to c-plane, while reduced indium incorporation was observed on (1122) for co-loaded conditions. Indium incorporation was observed to increase with decreasing growth temperature for all planes, while being relatively unaffected by the group III flux rates for a 1:1 Ga:In ratio. Indium incorporation was found to increase at the expense of a decreased growth rate for higher ammonia flows; however, smooth surface morphology was consistently observed for growth on semipolar orientations. Increased concentrations of oxygen and hydrogen were observed on semipolar and nonpolar orientations with a clear trend of increased hydrogen incorporation with indium content.

Browne, David A.; Young, Erin C.; Lang, Jordan R.; Hurni, Christophe A.; Speck, James S. [Materials Department, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

218

Evaluation of sintering effects on SiC incorporated UO2 kernels under Ar and Ar-4%H2 environments  

SciTech Connect

Silicon carbide (SiC) is suggested as an oxygen getter in UO2 kernels used for TRISO particle fuels to lower oxygen potential and prevent kernel migration during irradiation. Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffractometry analyses performed on sintered kernels verified that internal gelation process can be used to incorporate SiC in urania fuel kernels. Sintering in either Ar or Ar-4%H2 at 1500 C lowered the SiC content in the UO2 kernels to some extent. Formation of UC was observed as the major chemical phase in the process, while other minor phases such as U3Si2C2, USi2, U3Si2, and UC2 were also identified. UC formation was presumed to be occurred by two reactions. The first was the SiC reaction with its protective SiO2 oxide layer on SiC grains to produce volatile SiO and free carbon that subsequently reacted with UO2 to form UC. The second process was direct UO2 reaction with SiC grains to form SiO, CO, and UC, especially in Ar-4%H2. A slightly higher density and UC content was observed in the sample sintered in Ar-4%H2, but the use of both atmospheres produced kernels with ~95% of theoretical density. It is suggested that incorporating CO in the sintering gas would prevent UC formation and preserve the initial SiC content.

Silva, Chinthaka M [ORNL] [ORNL; Lindemer, Terrence [Harbach Engineering and Solutions] [Harbach Engineering and Solutions; Hunt, Rodney Dale [ORNL] [ORNL; Collins, Jack Lee [ORNL] [ORNL; Terrani, Kurt A [ORNL] [ORNL; Snead, Lance Lewis [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Conceptual design study on incorporating a 25-ton/day pyrolysis unit into an operating total energy system. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The results of a conceptual design study on incorporating a pyrolysis unit into an existing total energy plant are presented. The objectives of this study were to examine the institutional, technical and economic factors affecting the incorporation of a 25-ton/day pyrolysis unit into the Indian Creek Total Energy Plant. The Indian Creek total energy plant is described. Results of the conceptual design are presented. A survey of the availability of waste materials and a review of health and safety ordinances are included. The technical aspects of the pyrolysis system are discussed, including the results of the review of facilities requirements for the pyrolysis unit, the analysis of necessary system modification, and an estimate of the useful energy contribution by the pyrolysis unit. Results of the life-cycle cost analysis of the pyrolysis unit are presented. The major conclusions are that: there appears to be no institutional or technical barriers to constructing a waste pyrolysis unit at the Indian Creek Total Energy Plant; pyrolysis gas can be consumed in the engines and the boilers by utilizing venturi mixing devices; the engines can consume only 5% of the output of the 25-ton/day pyrolysis unit; Therefore, consumption of pyrolysis gas will be controlled by boiler energy demand patterns; a waste pyrolysis unit is not cost effective at the current natural gas price of $0.90/10/sup 6/ Btu; and pyrolysis is economically attractive at natural gas prices above $3.00/10/sup 6/ Btu.

None

1976-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

220

Solar energy and multi-storey residential buildings Larry Hughes and Tylor Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Factsheet on Summer Heat Gain and Winter Heat Loss In the summer we often feel warm in buildings and in the winter we may feel cold. This may be due to heating from solar gain and heat loss during the winter (see that you stay cool or warm. You can: · Draw blinds to stop solar gain and winter losses · You can wear

Hughes, Larry

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221

New Regional Employment Dynamics? By James W. Hughes and Joseph J. Seneca  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into the Garden State. As prime midtown Manhattan office rentals trend above $80 per square foot, the attraction efficient and cost- competitive place of doing postindustrial business in the region. However, following and growing business costs, Manhattan remains in hot demand. The positive side of this for New Jersey

222

Space Heating Trends in Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia1 Mandeep Dhaliwal and Larry Hughes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in energy intensity. The residential sector uses energy for space heating, water heating, appliances Heating 60% Water Heating 21% Appliances 13% Lighting 5% Space Cooling 1% Figure 1: Residential Sector Scotia's energy policy goes one step further and supports R-2000 and Energuide for new houses (NSDOE

Hughes, Larry

223

Preparing for the Peak: Energy Security and Atlantic Canada 1 Larry Hughes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

region that will be particularly vulnerable to peak oil, since almost all of the region's oil is imported is destined for markets outside the region. This paper examines some of the potential impacts of peak oil the reliance on refined petroleum products for space heating and transportation. When peak oil production

Hughes, Larry

224

The Femme Fatale Tells Her Story: Dorothy Hughes and WWII Crime Fiction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most studies of feminism in crime fiction begin with authorsand 80s. However, popular crime fiction of the noir andmale- only roots of the crime novel cannot be ignored, but

Rolens, Claire

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

On the (Dis)similarity of Transactional Memory Workloads Clay Hughes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

characterization techniques will help TM architects select a small, diverse, set of TM workloads for their design to their similarities outside of the traditional lock/barrier model. This is a pitfall for computer architects. If too that architects can use to choose which programs to run based on the transactional feature that needs

Roy, Subrata

226

50 IEEE power & energy magazine july/august 2007 by Hugh Rudnick,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

claims arising from events and transactions in Western electricity markets during the period from Jan. 1 will be transferred to the CAISO to be distributed in a manner consistent with the CAISO's Commission-approved tariff Parties include: Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Southern California Edison Company; San Diego Gas

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

227

Direct detection of dark matter with liquid argon and neon Walter Hugh Lippincott  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lippincott Dissertation Director: Professor Daniel McKinsey December 2010 #12;i c Copyright 2010 by Walter

McKinsey, Daniel

228

Future world oil production: Growth, plateau, or peak?1 Larry Hughes and Jacinda Rudolph  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

" and "Unconventional." Conventional oil is typically the highest quality, lightest oil, which flows from underground reservoirs with comparative ease, and it is the least expensive to produce. Unconventional oils are heavy the problem will be pervasive and long lasting. Oil peaking repre- sents a liquid fuels prob- lem

Hughes, Larry

229

By James W. Hughes and Joseph J. SenecaA quarterly and Central  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, such as the availability of skilled labor, available utilities for power, fiber infrastructure, connectivity--a full six years. Thus, it is no longer youthful, but has firmly entered middle age. And it is slowing

230

Review, reduce, and replace: The three `R's of energy security Larry Hughes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in the eastern part of the Arctic Slope comes a heightened concern

Hughes, Larry

231

The challenge of meeting Canada's greenhouse gas reduction Larry Hughes and Nikhil Chaudhry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; Vlosky 2002 #12;s The first MDF plant started up four years ago and now there are 3 or 4, so furniture for exotic wood veneer layup. Pressing veneer on MDF will give the most defect-free, flat and smooth surface

Hughes, Larry

232

Incorporating TOMS Ozone Measurements into the Prediction of the Washington, D.C., Winter Storm during 2425 January 2000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, a methodology is proposed for incorporating total column ozone data from the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) into the initial conditions of a mesoscale prediction model. Based on the strong correlation between vertical mean ...

Kun-Il Jang; X. Zou; M. S. F. V. De Pondeca; M. Shapiro; C. Davis; A. Krueger

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

The ElasticViscousPlastic Sea Ice Dynamics Model in General Orthogonal Curvilinear Coordinates on a SphereIncorporation of Metric Terms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new discretization for the elasticviscousplastic (EVP) sea ice dynamics model incorporates metric terms to account for grid curvature effects in curvilinear coordinate systems. A fundamental property of the viscousplastic ice rheology that ...

Elizabeth C. Hunke; John K. Dukowicz

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1, 2011 at 2:00 P.M. 1, 2011 at 2:00 P.M. Next Release: Thursday, August 18, 2011 Overview Prices Storage Other Market Trends Overview (For the Week Ending Wednesday, August 10, 2011) Natural gas prices fell across the board this week, likely in response to cooling temperatures as well as weak economic news. The Henry Hub spot price fell 17 cents from $4.26 per million Btu (MMBtu) last Wednesday, August 3, to $4.09 per MMBtu yesterday, August 10. At the New York Mercantile Exchange, the price of the near-month contract (September 2011) fell by $0.087 per MMBtu, from $4.090 last Wednesday to $4.003 yesterday. Working natural gas in storage was 2,783 Bcf as of Friday, August 5, according to EIA’s Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report (WNGSR). The natural gas rotary rig count, as reported by Baker Hughes

235

Natural Gas Weekly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3, 2011 at 2:00 P.M. 3, 2011 at 2:00 P.M. Next Release: Thursday, June 30, 2011 Overview Prices Storage Other Market Trends Natural Gas Transportation Update Overview (For the Week Ending Wednesday, June 22, 2011) Natural gas prices fell slightly at most market locations from Wednesday, June 15 to Wednesday, June 22. The Henry Hub price fell 10 cents from $4.52 per million Btu (MMBtu) last Wednesday to $4.42 per MMBtu yesterday. At the New York Mercantile Exchange, the price of the July 2011 near-month futures contract fell by 26 cents, or about 6 percent, from $4.58 last Wednesday to $4.32 yesterday. Working natural gas in storage rose to 2,354 this week, according to EIA’s Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report (WNGSR). The natural gas rotary rig count, as reported by Baker Hughes

236

Natural Gas Weekly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1, 2011 at 2:00 P.M. 1, 2011 at 2:00 P.M. Next Release: Thursday, August 18, 2011 Overview Prices Storage Other Market Trends Overview (For the Week Ending Wednesday, August 10, 2011) Natural gas prices fell across the board this week, likely in response to cooling temperatures as well as weak economic news. The Henry Hub spot price fell 17 cents from $4.26 per million Btu (MMBtu) last Wednesday, August 3, to $4.09 per MMBtu yesterday, August 10. At the New York Mercantile Exchange, the price of the near-month contract (September 2011) fell by $0.087 per MMBtu, from $4.090 last Wednesday to $4.003 yesterday. Working natural gas in storage was 2,783 Bcf as of Friday, August 5, according to EIA’s Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report (WNGSR). The natural gas rotary rig count, as reported by Baker Hughes

237

Angiotensin II stimulates /sup 3/H-leucine and /sup 3/H-thymidine incorporation in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells  

SciTech Connect

Angiotensin II (ANG) stimulates the hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate with the consequent formation of inositol trisphosphate and diacylglycerol in cultured smooth muscle cells derived from rat aorta. They have observed the effects of ANG on protein and DNA synthesis by measuring the incorporation of /sup 3/H-leucine and /sup 3/H-thymidine, respectively, into acid-precipitable material. Aortic muscle cells were grown to confluence in medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and incubated for 24 hours in serum-free medium to arrest growth. Then fresh serum-free medium was added with the following additions: ANG (100 nM), insulin (2 ..mu..g/ml), or 10% FBS. After an additional 24 hours the cells were pulse labeled for 30 min with either /sup 3/H-leucine or /sup 3/H-thymidine. FBS increased /sup 3/H-leucine incorporation by -2.5 fold and /sup 3/H-thymidine incorporation by 7-10 fold. ANG or insulin increased /sup 3/H-leucine incorporation by 40-50%, and the combination of ANG and insulin was nearly as effective as 10% FBS. ANG stimulated /sup 3/H-thymidine incorporation by -2.5 fold. Insulin, which was less effective than ANG, increased /sup 3/H-thymidine incorporation by about 50%. ANG and insulin added together synergistically increased /sup 3/H-thymidine incorporation by 5-6 fold. An ANG antagonist, Sarl,leu8-ANG, at 2 ..mu..M markedly decreased /sup 3/H-thymidine incorporation in the presence of ANG and insulin.

Dwyer, S.D.; Smith, J.B.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Hydrogen incorporation induced metal-semiconductor transition in ZnO:H thin films sputtered at room temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The room temperature deposited ZnO:H thin films having high conductivity of 500 Ohm-Sign {sup -1} cm{sup -1} and carrier concentration reaching 1.23 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 20} cm{sup -3} were reactively sputter deposited on glass substrates in the presence of O{sub 2} and 5% H{sub 2} in Ar. A metal-semiconductor transition at 165 K is induced by the increasing hydrogen incorporation in the films. Hydrogen forms shallow donor complex with activation energy of {approx}10-20 meV at oxygen vacancies (V{sub O}) leading to increase in carrier concentration. Hydrogen also passivates V{sub O} and V{sub Zn} causing {approx}4 times enhancement of mobility to 25.4 cm{sup 2}/V s. These films have potential for use in transparent flexible electronics.

Singh, Anil; Chaudhary, Sujeet; Pandya, D. K. [Thin Film Laboratory, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110016 (India)] [Thin Film Laboratory, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110016 (India)

2013-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

239

Wind Energy Management System EMS Integration Project: Incorporating Wind Generation and Load Forecast Uncertainties into Power Grid Operations  

SciTech Connect

The power system balancing process, which includes the scheduling, real time dispatch (load following) and regulation processes, is traditionally based on deterministic models. Since the conventional generation needs time to be committed and dispatched to a desired megawatt level, the scheduling and load following processes use load and wind and solar power production forecasts to achieve future balance between the conventional generation and energy storage on the one side, and system load, intermittent resources (such as wind and solar generation), and scheduled interchange on the other side. Although in real life the forecasting procedures imply some uncertainty around the load and wind/solar forecasts (caused by forecast errors), only their mean values are actually used in the generation dispatch and commitment procedures. Since the actual load and intermittent generation can deviate from their forecasts, it becomes increasingly unclear (especially, with the increasing penetration of renewable resources) whether the system would be actually able to meet the conventional generation requirements within the look-ahead horizon, what the additional balancing efforts would be needed as we get closer to the real time, and what additional costs would be incurred by those needs. To improve the system control performance characteristics, maintain system reliability, and minimize expenses related to the system balancing functions, it becomes necessary to incorporate the predicted uncertainty ranges into the scheduling, load following, and, in some extent, into the regulation processes. It is also important to address the uncertainty problem comprehensively by including all sources of uncertainty (load, intermittent generation, generators forced outages, etc.) into consideration. All aspects of uncertainty such as the imbalance size (which is the same as capacity needed to mitigate the imbalance) and generation ramping requirement must be taken into account. The latter unique features make this work a significant step forward toward the objective of incorporating of wind, solar, load, and other uncertainties into power system operations. Currently, uncertainties associated with wind and load forecasts, as well as uncertainties associated with random generator outages and unexpected disconnection of supply lines, are not taken into account in power grid operation. Thus, operators have little means to weigh the likelihood and magnitude of upcoming events of power imbalance. In this project, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), a framework has been developed for incorporating uncertainties associated with wind and load forecast errors, unpredicted ramps, and forced generation disconnections into the energy management system (EMS) as well as generation dispatch and commitment applications. A new approach to evaluate the uncertainty ranges for the required generation performance envelope including balancing capacity, ramping capability, and ramp duration has been proposed. The approach includes three stages: forecast and actual data acquisition, statistical analysis of retrospective information, and prediction of future grid balancing requirements for specified time horizons and confidence levels. Assessment of the capacity and ramping requirements is performed using a specially developed probabilistic algorithm based on a histogram analysis, incorporating all sources of uncertainties of both continuous (wind and load forecast errors) and discrete (forced generator outages and start-up failures) nature. A new method called the flying brick technique has been developed to evaluate the look-ahead required generation performance envelope for the worst case scenario within a user-specified confidence level. A self-validation algorithm has been developed to validate the accuracy of the confidence intervals.

Makarov, Yuri V.; Huang, Zhenyu; Etingov, Pavel V.; Ma, Jian; Guttromson, Ross T.; Subbarao, Krishnappa; Chakrabarti, Bhujanga B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Novel approach to coal gasification using chemically incorporated catalysts (Phase II). Final report, May 1978-June 1981  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Since 1974, Battelle has been developing a catalytic treatment process that would allow more economic, efficient and reliable utilization of the vast deposits of eastern coals in gasification systems. In order to keep the process simple and economic, a disposable catalyst lime (CaO), was employed. It was found that the effectiveness of low concentrations of CaO was greatly increased by thorough incorporation into the coal. As a result of these efforts, a catalytic treatment system has been developed that promises to allow simplifications and improvements in existing commercial gasification processes as well as advanced gasification systems. One gasification system that appears exceptionally attractive utilizing the treatment system is direct fluid-bed hydrogasification or hydropyrolysis. A simple pressurized fluid-bed steam/oxygen gasification system is also an attractive option which could be commercialized quickly. Data generated under this program demonstrated the technical and economic advantages of these approaches.

Feldmann, H.F.; Conkle, H.N.; Appelbaum, H.R.; Chauhan, S.P.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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241

Incorporating global warming risks in power sector planning: A case study of the New England region. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

Growing international concern over the threat of global climate change has led to proposals to buy insurance against this threat by reducing emissions of carbon (short for carbon dioxide) and other greenhouse gases below current levels. Concern over these and other, non-climatic environmental effects of electricity generation has led a number of states to adopt or explore new mechanisms for incorporating environmental externalities in utility resource planning. For example, the New York and Massachusetts utility commissions have adopted monetized surcharges (or adders) to induce emission reductions of federally regulated air pollutants (notably, SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, and particulates) beyond federally mandated levels. These regulations also include preliminary estimates of the cost of reducing carbon emissions, for which no federal regulations exist at this time. Within New England, regulators and utilities have also held several workshops and meetings to discuss alternative methods of incorporating externalities as well as the feasibility of regional approaches. This study examines the potential for reduced carbon emissions in the New England power sector as well as the cost and rate impacts of two policy approaches: environmental externality surcharges and a target- based approach. We analyze the following questions: Does New England have sufficient low-carbon resources to achieve significant reductions (10% to 20% below current levels) in fossil carbon emissions in its utility sector? What reductions could be achieved at a maximum? What is the expected cost of carbon reductions as a function of the reduction goal? How would carbon reduction strategies affect electricity rates? How effective are environmental externality cost surcharges as an instrument in bringing about carbon reductions? To what extent could the minimization of total electricity costs alone result in carbon reductions relative to conventional resource plans?

Krause, F.; Busch, J.; Koomey, J.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Beyond Competition for Incorporation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to prepare two sets of financial statements. See Eric Nowak,of the two sets of financial statements that used to beTelekom Consolidated Financial Statements for 1996, at 61-

Kamar, Ehud

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Texas Instruments Incorporated provides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

entirely new ones. A constant thread throughout our history has been our use of progressively more complex to the revolutionary ­ to literally and repeatedly change the world. History: · Founded in 1930 as a geophysical exploration company that used seismic signalprocessing technology to search for oil · Adopted the name Texas

Mellor-Crummey, John

244

Wind Energy Management System Integration Project Incorporating Wind Generation and Load Forecast Uncertainties into Power Grid Operations  

SciTech Connect

The power system balancing process, which includes the scheduling, real time dispatch (load following) and regulation processes, is traditionally based on deterministic models. Since the conventional generation needs time to be committed and dispatched to a desired megawatt level, the scheduling and load following processes use load and wind power production forecasts to achieve future balance between the conventional generation and energy storage on the one side, and system load, intermittent resources (such as wind and solar generation) and scheduled interchange on the other side. Although in real life the forecasting procedures imply some uncertainty around the load and wind forecasts (caused by forecast errors), only their mean values are actually used in the generation dispatch and commitment procedures. Since the actual load and intermittent generation can deviate from their forecasts, it becomes increasingly unclear (especially, with the increasing penetration of renewable resources) whether the system would be actually able to meet the conventional generation requirements within the look-ahead horizon, what the additional balancing efforts would be needed as we get closer to the real time, and what additional costs would be incurred by those needs. In order to improve the system control performance characteristics, maintain system reliability, and minimize expenses related to the system balancing functions, it becomes necessary to incorporate the predicted uncertainty ranges into the scheduling, load following, and, in some extent, into the regulation processes. It is also important to address the uncertainty problem comprehensively, by including all sources of uncertainty (load, intermittent generation, generators forced outages, etc.) into consideration. All aspects of uncertainty such as the imbalance size (which is the same as capacity needed to mitigate the imbalance) and generation ramping requirement must be taken into account. The latter unique features make this work a significant step forward toward the objective of incorporating of wind, solar, load, and other uncertainties into power system operations. In this report, a new methodology to predict the uncertainty ranges for the required balancing capacity, ramping capability and ramp duration is presented. Uncertainties created by system load forecast errors, wind and solar forecast errors, generation forced outages are taken into account. The uncertainty ranges are evaluated for different confidence levels of having the actual generation requirements within the corresponding limits. The methodology helps to identify system balancing reserve requirement based on a desired system performance levels, identify system breaking points, where the generation system becomes unable to follow the generation requirement curve with the user-specified probability level, and determine the time remaining to these potential events. The approach includes three stages: statistical and actual data acquisition, statistical analysis of retrospective information, and prediction of future grid balancing requirements for specified time horizons and confidence intervals. Assessment of the capacity and ramping requirements is performed using a specially developed probabilistic algorithm based on a histogram analysis incorporating all sources of uncertainty and parameters of a continuous (wind forecast and load forecast errors) and discrete (forced generator outages and failures to start up) nature. Preliminary simulations using California Independent System Operator (California ISO) real life data have shown the effectiveness of the proposed approach. A tool developed based on the new methodology described in this report will be integrated with the California ISO systems. Contractual work is currently in place to integrate the tool with the AREVA EMS system.

Makarov, Yuri V.; Huang, Zhenyu; Etingov, Pavel V.; Ma, Jian; Guttromson, Ross T.; Subbarao, Krishnappa; Chakrabarti, Bhujanga B.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

The outer-coordination sphere: incorporating amino acids and peptides as ligands for homogeneous catalysts to mimic enzyme function  

SciTech Connect

Great progress has been achieved in the field of homogeneous transition metal-based catalysis, however, as a general rule these solution based catalysts are still easily outperformed, both in terms of rates and selectivity, by their analogous enzyme counterparts, including structural mimics of the active site. This observation suggests that the features of the enzyme beyond the active site, i.e. the outer-coordination sphere, are important for their exceptional function. Directly mimicking the outer-coordination sphere requires the incorporation of amino acids and peptides as ligands for homogeneous catalysts. This effort has been attempted for many homogeneous catalysts which span the manifold of catalytic reactions and often require careful thought regarding solvent type, pH and characterization to avoid unwanted side reactions or catalyst decomposition. This article reviews the current capability of synthesizing and characterizing this often difficult category of metal-based catalysts. This work was funded by the DOE Office of Science Early Career Research Program through the Office of Basic Energy Sciences. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Shaw, Wendy J.

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

246

Effect of nitrogen incorporation on improvement of leakage properties in high-k HfO{sub 2} capacitors treated by N{sub 2}-plasma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nitrogen incorporation into the HfO{sub 2} films with an EOT (equivalent oxide thickness) of 9 A was performed by N{sub 2}-plasma to improve the electrical properties. The dielectric properties and a leakage current characteristics of the capacitors were investigated as a function of plasma power and plasma treatment temperature. The dielectric constant of the capacitors is not influenced by nitrogen incorporation. The N{sub 2}-plasma treatment at 300 deg. C and 70 W exhibits the most effective influence on improvement of the leakage current characteristics. Leakage current density of the capacitors treated at 300 deg. C and 70 W exhibits a half order of magnitude lower than that without plasma treatment. Nitrogen incorporated into the HfO{sub 2} films possesses the intrinsic effect that drastically reduce the electron leakage current through HfO{sub 2} dielectrics by deactivating the V{sub O} (oxygen vacancy) related gap states.

Seong, Nak-Jin; Yoon, Soon-Gil; Yeom, Seung-Jin; Woo, Hyun-Kyung; Kil, Deok-Sin; Roh, Jae-Sung; Sohn, Hyun-Chul [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Chungnam National University, Daeduk Science Town, 305-764, Daejon (Korea, Republic of); Hynix Semiconductor Inc., San 136-1 Ami-ri Bubal-eub Icheon-si Kyoungki-do, 467-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2005-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

247

Property Accountability and Protection of Federal Sensitive Unclassified Information Under the Cooperative Agreement with the Incorporated County of Los Alamos, IG-0859  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Inspection Report Property Accountability and Protection of Federal Sensitive Unclassified Information Under the Cooperative Agreement with the Incorporated County of Los Alamos DOE/IG-0859 February 2012 U.S. Department of Energy Office of Inspector General Office of Audits and Inspections Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 February 17, 2012 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM Gregory H. Friedman Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Inspection Report on "Property Accountability and Protection of Federal Sensitive Unclassified Information Under the Cooperative Agreement with the Incorporated County of Los Alamos" BACKGROUND On September 30, 2008, the National Nuclear Security Administration entered into a 5-year

248

Nitrogen [N]-incorporated ZnO piezoelectric thin films and their application for ultra-small film bulk acoustic wave resonator device fabrication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nitrogen [N]-incorporated ZnO films with columnar grains of a preferred c-axis orientation were deposited on p-Si (100) wafers, using an RF magnetron sputter deposition technique. For the N incorporation into the ZnO films, an N{sub 2}O gas was used as a doping source and also various process conditions such as N{sub 2}O gas fraction and RF power were applied. Besides, some of the ZnO films were treated with the post annealing process. And then, the micro-structural characteristics of the N-incorporated ZnO films were investigated by a scanning electron microscope, an X-ray diffractometer, and an atomic force microscope techniques. Finally, employing the N-incorporated ZnO films, the solidly mounted resonator-type film bulk acoustic wave resonator devices were fabricated and their resonance characteristics were extracted. As a result, an excellent return loss (S{sub 11}) of- 63 dB was observed at{approx} 0.6 GHz, better than ever reported.

Lee, Eunju; Zhang Ruirui; Yoon, Giwan [Department of Electrical Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), 373-1 Guseong-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Mitochondria, which are probably derived from distant bacterial an-cestors incorporated into our cells, have their own DNA. However, we  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mitochondria, which are probably derived from distant bacterial an- cestors incorporated into our of a symbiosis, which occured during the course of evolution, between their distant bacterial ancestors and cells the machinery to process RNA, were baptized `mitochondrial RNA granules'. It is now possible to explore in more

Halazonetis, Thanos

250

FORENSIC ANALYSIS OF WINDOWS VIRTUAL MEMORY INCORPORATING THE SYSTEMS PAGEFILE COUNTERINTELLIGENCE THROUGH MALICIOUS CODE ANALYSIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FORENSIC ANALYSIS OF WINDOWS VIRTUAL MEMORY INCORPORATING THE SYSTEMS PAGEFILE Computer Forensics is concerned with the use of computer investigation and analysis techniques in order to collect evidence suitable for presentation in court. The examination of volatile memory is a relatively new but important area in computer forensics. More recently criminals are becoming more forensically aware and are now able to compromise computers without accessing the hard disk of the target computer. This means that traditional incident response practice of pulling the plug will destroy the only evidence of the crime. While some techniques are available for acquiring the contents of main memory, few exist which can analyze these data in a meaningful way. One reason for this is how memory is managed by the operating system. Data belonging to one process can be distributed arbitrarily across physical memory or the hard disk, making it very difficult to recover useful information. This report will focus on how these disparate sources of information can be combined to give a single, contiguous address space for each process. Using address translation a tool is developed to reconstruct the virtual address space of a process by combining a physical memory dump with the page-file on the hard disk. COUNTERINTELLIGENCE THROUGH MALICIOUS CODE ANALYSIS As computer network technology continues to grow so does the reliance on this technology for everyday business functionality. To appeal to customers and employees alike, businesses are seeking an increased online prescience, and to increase productivity the same businesses are computerizing their day-to-day operations. The combination of a publicly accessible interface to the businesses network, and the increase in the amount of intellectual property present on these networks presents serious risks. All of this intellectual property now faces constant attacks from a wide variety of malicious software that is intended to uncover company and government secrets. Every year billions of dollars are invested in preventing and recovering from the introduction of malicious code into a system. However, there is little research being done on leveraging these attacks for counterintelligence opportunities. With the ever-increasing number of vulnerable computers on the Internet the task of attributing these attacks to an organization or a single person is a daunting one. This thesis will demonstrate the idea of intentionally running a piece of malicious code in a secure environment in order to gain counterintelligence on an attacker.

Jared Stimson Edward Murphy

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Four-Week Course of Radiation for Breast Cancer Using Hypofractionated Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy With an Incorporated Boost  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Standard radiation for early breast cancer requires daily treatment for 6 to 7 weeks. This is an inconvenience to many women, and for some a barrier for breast conservation. We present the acute toxicity of a 4-week course of hypofractionated radiation. Methods and Materials: A total of 75 patients completed radiation on a Phase II trial approved by the hospital institutional review board. Eligibility criteria were broad to include any patient normally eligible for standard radiation: age {>=}18 years, invasive or in situ cancer, American Joint Committee on Cancer Stage 0 to II, breast-conserving surgery, and any systemic therapy not given concurrently. The median age was 52 years (range, 31-81 years). Of the patients, 15% had ductal carcinoma in situ, 67% T1, and 19% T2; 71% were N0, 17% N1, and 12% NX. Chemotherapy was given before radiation in 44%. Using photon intensity-modulated radiation therapy and incorporated electron beam boost, the whole breast received 45 Gy and the lumpectomy bed 56 Gy in 20 treatments over 4 weeks. Results: The maximum acute skin toxicity by the end of treatment was Grade 0 in 9 patients (12%), Grade 1 in 49 (65%) and Grade 2 in 17 (23%). There was no Grade 3 or higher skin toxicity. After radiation, all Grade 2 toxicity had resolved by 6 weeks. Hematologic toxicity was Grade 0 in most patients except for Grade 1 neutropenia in 2 patients, and Grade 1 anemia in 11 patients. There were no significant differences in baseline vs. 6-week posttreatment patient-reported or physician-reported cosmetic scores. Conclusions: This 4-week course of postoperative radiation using intensity-modulated radiation therapy is feasible and is associated with acceptable acute skin toxicity and quality of life. Long-term follow-up data are needed. This radiation schedule may represent an alternative both to longer 6-week to 7-week standard whole-breast radiation and more radically shortened 1-week, partial-breast treatment schedules.

Freedman, Gary M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States)]. E-mail: Gary.Freedman@FCCC.edu; Anderson, Penny R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Goldstein, Lori J. [Department of Medical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Ma Changming [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Li Jinsheng [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Swaby, Ramona F. [Department of Medical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Litwin, Samuel [Department of Biostatistics, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Watkins-Bruner, Deborah [School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Sigurdson, Elin R. [Department of Surgical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Morrow, Monica [Department of Surgical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Incorporating a completely renormalized coupled cluster approach into a composite method for thermodynamic properties and reaction paths  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The correlation consistent composite approach (ccCA), using the S4 complete basis set two-point extrapolation scheme (ccCA-S4), has been modified to incorporate the left-eigenstate completely renormalized coupled cluster method, including singles, doubles, and non-iterative triples (CR-CC(2,3)) as the highest level component. The new ccCA-CC(2,3) method predicts thermodynamic properties with an accuracy that is similar to that of the original ccCA-S4 method. At the same time, the inclusion of the single-reference CR-CC(2,3) approach provides a ccCA scheme that can correctly treat reaction pathways that contain certain classes of multi-reference species such as diradicals, which would normally need to be treated by more computationally demanding multi-reference methods. The new ccCA-CC(2,3) method produces a mean absolute deviation of 1.7 kcal/mol for predicted heats of formation at 298 K, based on calibration with the G2/97 set of 148 molecules, which is comparable to that of 1.0 kcal/mol obtained using the ccCA-S4 method, while significantly improving the performance of the ccCA-S4 approach in calculations involving more demanding radical and diradical species. Both the ccCA-CC(2,3) and ccCA-S4 composite methods are used to characterize the conrotatory and disrotatory isomerization pathways of bicyclo[1.1.0]butane to trans-1,3-butadiene, for which conventional coupled cluster methods, such as the CCSD(T) approach used in the ccCA-S4 model and, in consequence, the ccCA-S4 method itself might fail by incorrectly placing the disrotatory pathway below the conrotatory one. The ccCA-CC(2,3) scheme provides correct pathway ordering while providing an accurate description of the activation and reaction energies characterizing the lowest-energy conrotatory pathway. The ccCA-CC(2,3) method is thus a viable method for the analyses of reaction mechanisms that have significant multi-reference character, and presents a generally less computationally intensive alternative to true multi-reference methods, with computer costs and ease of use that are similar to those that characterize the more established, CCSD(T)-based, ccCA-S4 methodology.

Nedd, Sean; DeYonker, Nathan; Wilson, Angela; Piecuch, Piotr; Gordon, Mark

2012-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

253

Impact evaluation of an induction furnace replacement under the Energy $avings Plan at Mackenzie Specialty Castings, Incorporated  

SciTech Connect

This impact evaluation of an induction furnace replacement that was recently installed at Mackenzie Specialty Castings, Incorporated (Mackenzie Castings) was conducted for the Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) as part of an evaluation of its Energy Savings Plan (ESP) Program. The project consists of replacing old power supplies and induction furnace with new, more efficient supplies and equipment. The objective of this impact evaluation was to assess how much electrical energy is being saved at Mackenzie Castings as a result of the ESP and to determine how much the savings cost Bonneville and the region. The impact of the project was evaluated with a combination of engineering analysis, financial analysis, interviews, and submittal reviews (Mackenzie Castings`s proposal and completion report). Based on this impact evaluation, energy savings from this project are expected to be 425,257 kWh/yr at minimum annual production, 647,037 kWh/yr at typical annual production, and 1,294,074 kWh/yr at maximum annual production, or 0.05, 0.07, and 0.15 average megawatts, respectively. On a per-ton basis, this project will save 608 kWh/ton or 31% at minimum production and 431 kWh/ton or 39% at typical and maximum production. The project cost $277,110 to install, and Mackenzie Castings received payment of $102,551 (in 1993 dollars) from Bonneville for acquisition of the energy savings. The real levelized cost of these energy savings to Bonneville is 22.9 mills/kWh at minimum production, 15.1 mills/kWh typical production, and 7.5 mills/kWh at maximum production (in 1993 dollars) over the project`s assumed 15-year life. The real levelized cost to the region is 59.1 mills/kWh at minimum production, 38.8 mills/kWh at typical production, and 19.4 mills/kWh at maximum production in 1993 dollars, not including transmission and distribution effects.

Oens, M.A.; Spanner, G.E.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Al2O3 incorporation in MgSiO3 perovskite and ilmenite Wendy R. Panero a,, Sofia Akber-Knutson b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Al2O3 incorporation in MgSiO3 perovskite and ilmenite Wendy R. Panero a,, Sofia Akber-Knutson b in the MgSiO3­Al2O3 system predict that MgSiO3­perovskite dissolves about 15 mol% Al2O3 at the top of the lower mantle, limited by coexistence with Al-rich ilmenite (corundum). The solubility increases

Stixrude, Lars

255

KINETIC MODELING OF A FISCHER-TROPSCH REACTION OVER A COBALT CATALYST IN A SLURRY BUBBLE COLUMN REACTOR FOR INCORPORATION INTO A COMPUTATIONAL MULTIPHASE FLUID DYNAMICS MODEL  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Currently multi-tubular fixed bed reactors, fluidized bed reactors, and slurry bubble column reactors (SBCRs) are used in commercial Fischer Tropsch (FT) synthesis. There are a number of advantages of the SBCR compared to fixed and fluidized bed reactors. The main advantage of the SBCR is that temperature control and heat recovery are more easily achieved. The SBCR is a multiphase chemical reactor where a synthesis gas, comprised mainly of H2 and CO, is bubbled through a liquid hydrocarbon wax containing solid catalyst particles to produce specialty chemicals, lubricants, or fuels. The FT synthesis reaction is the polymerization of methylene groups [-(CH2)-] forming mainly linear alkanes and alkenes, ranging from methane to high molecular weight waxes. The Idaho National Laboratory is developing a computational multiphase fluid dynamics (CMFD) model of the FT process in a SBCR. This paper discusses the incorporation of absorption and reaction kinetics into the current hydrodynamic model. A phased approach for incorporation of the reaction kinetics into a CMFD model is presented here. Initially, a simple kinetic model is coupled to the hydrodynamic model, with increasing levels of complexity added in stages. The first phase of the model includes incorporation of the absorption of gas species from both large and small bubbles into the bulk liquid phase. The driving force for the gas across the gas liquid interface into the bulk liquid is dependent upon the interfacial gas concentration in both small and large bubbles. However, because it is difficult to measure the concentration at the gas-liquid interface, coefficients for convective mass transfer have been developed for the overall driving force between the bulk concentrations in the gas and liquid phases. It is assumed that there are no temperature effects from mass transfer of the gas phases to the bulk liquid phase, since there are only small amounts of dissolved gas in the liquid phase. The product from the incorporation of absorption is the steady state concentration profile of the absorbed gas species in the bulk liquid phase. The second phase of the model incorporates a simplified macrokinetic model to the mass balance equation in the CMFD code. Initially, the model assumes that the catalyst particles are sufficiently small such that external and internal mass and heat transfer are not rate limiting. The model is developed utilizing the macrokinetic rate expression developed by Yates and Satterfield (1991). Initially, the model assumes that the only species formed other than water in the FT reaction is C27H56. Change in moles of the reacting species and the resulting temperature of the catalyst and fluid phases is solved simultaneously. The macrokinetic model is solved in conjunction with the species transport equations in a separate module which is incorporated into the CMFD code.

Anastasia Gribik; Doona Guillen, PhD; Daniel Ginosar, PhD

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Visualization of the African swine fever virus infection in living cells by incorporation into the virus particle of green fluorescent protein-p54 membrane protein chimera  

SciTech Connect

Many stages of African swine fever virus infection have not yet been studied in detail. To track the behavior of African swine fever virus (ASFV) in the infected cells in real time, we produced an infectious recombinant ASFV (B54GFP-2) that expresses and incorporates into the virus particle a chimera of the p54 envelope protein fused to the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). The incorporation of the fusion protein into the virus particle was confirmed immunologically and it was determined that p54-EGFP was fully functional by confirmation that the recombinant virus made normal-sized plaques and presented similar growth curves to the wild-type virus. The tagged virus was visualized as individual fluorescent particles during the first stages of infection and allowed to visualize the infection progression in living cells through the viral life cycle by confocal microscopy. In this work, diverse potential applications of B54GFP-2 to study different aspects of ASFV infection are shown. By using this recombinant virus it was possible to determine the trajectory and speed of intracellular virus movement. Additionally, we have been able to visualize for first time the ASFV factory formation dynamics and the cytophatic effect of the virus in live infected cells. Finally, we have analyzed virus progression along the infection cycle and infected cell death as time-lapse animations.

Hernaez, Bruno [Departamento de Biotecnologia, INIA, Carretera de la Coruna Km 7, 28040 Madrid (Spain)]. E-mail: hernaez@inia.es; Escribano, Jose M. [Departamento de Biotecnologia, INIA, Carretera de la Coruna Km 7, 28040 Madrid (Spain)]. E-mail: escriban@inia.es; Alonso, Covadonga [Departamento de Biotecnologia, INIA, Carretera de la Coruna Km 7, 28040 Madrid (Spain)]. E-mail: calonso@inia.es

2006-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

257

Relaxation and critical strain for maximum In incorporation in AlInGaN on GaN grown by metal organic vapour phase epitaxy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quaternary AlInGaN layers were grown on conventional GaN buffer layers on sapphire by metal organic vapour phase epitaxy at different surface temperatures and different reactor pressures with constant precursor flow conditions. A wide range in compositions within 30-62% Al, 5-29% In, and 23-53% Ga was covered, which leads to different strain states from high tensile to high compressive. From high-resolution x-ray diffraction and Rutherford backscattering spectrometry, we determined the compositions, strain states, and crystal quality of the AlInGaN layers. Atomic force microscopy measurements were performed to characterize the surface morphology. A critical strain value for maximum In incorporation near the AlInGaN/GaN interface is presented. For compressively strained layers, In incorporation is limited at the interface as residual strain cannot exceed an empirical critical value of about 1.1%. Relaxation occurs at about 15 nm thickness accompanied by strong In pulling. Tensile strained layers can be grown pseudomorphically up to 70 nm at a strain state of 0.96%. A model for relaxation in compressively strained AlInGaN with virtual discrete sub-layers, which illustrates the gradually changing lattice constant during stress reduction is presented.

Reuters, Benjamin; Finken, M.; Wille, A.; Kalisch, H.; Vescan, A. [RWTH Aachen University, GaN Device Technology, Sommerfeldstrasse 24, 52074 Aachen (Germany); Juelich Aachen Research Alliance, JARA-FIT, Wilhelm-Johnen-Strasse, 52428 Juelich (Germany); Hollaender, B. [Juelich Aachen Research Alliance, JARA-FIT, Wilhelm-Johnen-Strasse, 52428 Juelich (Germany); Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH, PGI9-IT, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Heuken, M. [RWTH Aachen University, GaN Device Technology, Sommerfeldstrasse 24, 52074 Aachen (Germany); AIXTRON SE, Kaiserstr. 98, 52134 Herzogenrath (Germany)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Building Energy-Efficient Schools in New Orleans: Lessons Learned (Brochure), Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Langston Hughes Elementary School Langston Hughes Elementary School Reversed White Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

259

Smoothing and additive models for survey data David R. Bellhouse, Hugh A. Chipman and James E. Stafford  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Stafford Abstract Survey sampling is a statistical domain which has been slow to take advantage of flexible

Chipman, Hugh A.

260

Hugh J. Casey for a matter of months and then, with reinforcements coming, we'd be able  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Central Pacific area and command and they all came under our control. That meant that Okinawa, which had and the areas that we had before, we expanded our operations to take in Okinawa, where fighting was still under way, and ultimately Japan. Knowing the importance of Okinawa, particularly in connection with its use

US Army Corps of Engineers

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

LED Traffic Light as a Communications Device Grantham Pang, Thomas Kwan, Chi-Ho Chan, Hugh Liu.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

:http://www.eee.hku.hk/~gpang Abstract The visible light from an LED (light emitting diode) traffic light can be modulated and encoded on the description of an audio information system made up of high brightness, visible light emitting diodes (LEDs messages 1. Introduction Recently, high intensity light emitting diodes for traffic signals are available

Pang, Grantham

262

Vehicle Location and Navigation Systems based on LEDs Grantham Pang, Hugh Liu, Chi-Ho Chan, Thomas Kwan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traffic lights, traffic signal devices, message display boards are being replaced by Light Emitting Diodes for their discussions in meetings. REFERENCES 1. "Audio information system using light-emitting diodes", E. Yang, D. 2. "Light emitting diode dot matrix display system with audio output", G. Pang, S.W. Cheung, T. Kwan

Pang, Grantham

263

DUAL USE OF LEDS: SIGNALING AND COMMUNICATIONS IN ITS Grantham Pang, Chi-ho Chan, Hugh Liu, Thomas Kwan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) over incandescent lights is well-supported. This is due to their high construction of LEDs panel and the illuminance of LEDs. CONCLUSIONS In the near future, light-emitting diodes, U.S. Patent Office. 2. "Light emitting diode dot matrix display system with audio output", G. Pang

Pang, Grantham

264

Multi-Agent Approach to Electrical Distribution Networks Control Sbastien Rumley*, Elvira Kgi*, Hugh Rudnick, Alain Germond*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distribution networks is proposed. Traditionally, the medium-voltage part of the electrical grid is operatedMulti-Agent Approach to Electrical Distribution Networks Control Sébastien Rumley*, Elvira Kägi (i.e. bulk distribution) is too complex. Furthermore, the great amount of data to be handled on- line

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

265

Combustion systems and power plants incorporating parallel carbon dioxide capture and sweep-based membrane separation units to remove carbon dioxide from combustion gases  

SciTech Connect

Disclosed herein are combustion systems and power plants that incorporate sweep-based membrane separation units to remove carbon dioxide from combustion gases. In its most basic embodiment, the invention is a combustion system that includes three discrete units: a combustion unit, a carbon dioxide capture unit, and a sweep-based membrane separation unit. In a preferred embodiment, the invention is a power plant including a combustion unit, a power generation system, a carbon dioxide capture unit, and a sweep-based membrane separation unit. In both of these embodiments, the carbon dioxide capture unit and the sweep-based membrane separation unit are configured to be operated in parallel, by which we mean that each unit is adapted to receive exhaust gases from the combustion unit without such gases first passing through the other unit.

Wijmans, Johannes G. (Menlo Park, CA); Merkel, Timothy C (Menlo Park, CA); Baker, Richard W. (Palo Alto, CA)

2011-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

266

Self-Consistent C-V Characterization of Depletion Mode Buried Channel InGaAs/InAs Quantum Well FET Incorporating Strain Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigated Capacitance-Voltage (C-V) characteristics of the Depletion Mode Buried Channel InGaAs/InAs Quantum Well FET by using Self-Consistent method incorporating Quantum Mechanical (QM) effects. Though the experimental results of C-V for enhancement type device is available in recent literature, a complete characterization of electrostatic property of depletion type Buried Channel Quantum Well FET (QWFET) structure is yet to be done. C-V characteristics of the device is studied with the variation of three important process parameters: Indium (In) composition, gate dielectric and oxide thickness. We observed that inversion capacitance and ballistic current tend to increase with the increase in Indium (In) content in InGaAs barrier layer.

Imtiaz Ahmed; Iftikhar Ahmad Niaz; Md. Hasibul Alam; Nadim Chowdhury; Zubair Al Azim; Quazi Deen Mohd Khosru

2012-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

267

Self-Consistent C-V Characterization of Depletion Mode Buried Channel InGaAs/InAs Quantum Well FET Incorporating Strain Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigated Capacitance-Voltage (C-V) characteristics of the Depletion Mode Buried Channel InGaAs/InAs Quantum Well FET by using Self-Consistent method incorporating Quantum Mechanical (QM) effects. Though the experimental results of C-V for enhancement type device is available in recent literature, a complete characterization of electrostatic property of depletion type Buried Channel Quantum Well FET (QWFET) structure is yet to be done. C-V characteristics of the device is studied with the variation of three important process parameters: Indium (In) composition, gate dielectric and oxide thickness. We observed that inversion capacitance and ballistic current tend to increase with the increase in Indium (In) content in InGaAs barrier layer.

Ahmed, Imtiaz; Alam, Md Hasibul; Chowdhury, Nadim; Azim, Zubair Al; Khosru, Quazi Deen Mohd

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Chemical and structural investigations of the incorporation of metal manganese into ruthenium thin films for use as copper diffusion barrier layers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The incorporation of manganese into a 3 nm ruthenium thin-film is presented as a potential mechanism to improve its performance as a copper diffusion barrier. Manganese ({approx}1 nm) was deposited on an atomic layer deposited Ru film, and the Mn/Ru/SiO{sub 2} structure was subsequently thermally annealed. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies reveal the chemical interaction of Mn with the SiO{sub 2} substrate to form manganese-silicate (MnSiO{sub 3}), implying the migration of the metal through the Ru film. Electron energy loss spectroscopy line profile measurements of the intensity of the Mn signal across the Ru film confirm the presence of Mn at the Ru/SiO{sub 2} interface.

McCoy, A. P.; Casey, P.; Bogan, J.; Hughes, G. [School of Physical Sciences, Dublin City University, Dublin 9 (Ireland); Lozano, J. G.; Nellist, P. D. [Department of Materials, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PH (United Kingdom)

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

269

Studies of pure and nitrogen-incorporated hydrogenated amorphous carbon thin films and their possible application for amorphous silicon solar cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrogenated amorphous carbon (a-C:H) and nitrogen-incorporated a-C:H (a-C:N:H) thin films were deposited using radio frequency-plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition technique and studied for their electrical, optical, and nano-mechanical properties. Introduction of nitrogen and increase of self bias enhanced the conductivity of a-C:H and a-C:N:H films, whereas current-voltage measurement reveals heterojunction formation due to their rectifying behavior. The bandgap of these films was changed over wide range from 1.9 eV to 3.45 eV by varying self bias and the nitrogen incorporation. Further, activation energy was correlated with the electronic structure of a-C:H and a-C:N:H films, and conductivity was discussed as a function of bandgap. Moreover, a-C:N:H films exhibited high hardness and elastic modulus, with maximum values as 42 GPa and 430 GPa, respectively, at -100 V. Observed fascinating electrical, optical, and nano-mechanical properties made it a material of great utility in the development of optoelectronic devices, such as solar cells. In addition, we also performed simulation study for an a-Si:H solar cell, considering a-C:H and C:N:H as window layers, and compared their performance with the a-Si:H solar cell having a-SiC:H as window layer. We also proposed several structures for the development of a near full-spectrum solar cell. Moreover, due to high hardness, a-C:N:H films can be used as a protective and encapsulate layer on solar cells, especially in n-i-p configuration on metal substrate. Nevertheless, a-C:H and a-C:N:H as a window layer can avoid the use of additional hard and protective coating and, hence, minimize the cost of the product.

Dwivedi, Neeraj [Physics of Energy Harvesting Division, National Physical Laboratory (CSIR), K.S. Krishnan Road, New Delhi 110012 (India); Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110016 (India); Kumar, Sushil [Physics of Energy Harvesting Division, National Physical Laboratory (CSIR), K.S. Krishnan Road, New Delhi 110012 (India); Malik, Hitendra K. [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110016 (India)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations into Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

is responsible for managing large tracts of public lands or waters, such as the U.S. Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management. Kational Park Service. and Nati,onal Marine...

271

ICM, Incorporated | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and process flow innovations to refine terrestrial lignocellulosic biomass into fuel ethanol. The proposed process furthers the cost effective production of ethanol from...

272

Incorporation of aqueous reaction kinetics and biodegradation intoTOUGHREACT: Application of a multi-region model to hydrobiogeoChemicaltransport of denitrification and sulfate reduction  

SciTech Connect

The need to consider aqueous and sorption kinetics andmicrobiological processes arises in many subsurface problems. Ageneral-rate expression has been implemented into the TOUGHREACTsimulator, which considers multiple mechanisms (pathways) and includesmultiple product, Monod, and inhibition terms. This paper presents aformulation for incorporating kinetic rates among primary species intomass-balance equations. The space discretization used is based on aflexible integral finite difference approach that uses irregular griddingto model bio-geologic structures. A general multi-region model forhydrological transport interacted with microbiological and geochemicalprocesses is proposed. A 1-D reactive transport problem with kineticbiodegradation and sorption was used to test the enhanced simulator,which involves the processes that occur when a pulse of water containingNTA (nitrylotriacetate) and cobalt is injected into a column. The currentsimulation results agree very well with those obtained with othersimulators. The applicability of this general multi-region model wasvalidated by results from a published column experiment ofdenitrification and sulfate reduction. The matches with measured nitrateand sulfate concentrations were adjusted with the interficial areabetween mobile hydrological and immobile biological regions. Resultssuggest that TOUGHREACT can not only be a useful interpretative tool forbiogeochemical experiments, but also can produce insight into processesand parameters of microscopic diffusion and their interplay withbiogeochemical reactions. The geometric- and process-based multi-regionmodel may provide a framework for understanding field-scalehydrobiogeochemical heterogeneities and upscaling parameters.

Xu, Tianfu

2006-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

273

Memo, "Incorporation of HLW Glass Shell V2.0 into the Flowsheets," to ED Lee, CCN: 184905, October 20, 2009  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Efforts are being made to increase the efficiency and decrease the cost of vitrifying radioactive waste stored in tanks at the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford Site. The compositions of acceptable and processable high-level waste (HL W) glasses need to be optimized to minimize the waste-form volume and, hence, to reduce cost. A database of glass properties of waste glass and associated simulated waste glasses was collected and documented in PNNL 18501, Glass Property Data and Models for Estimating High-Level Waste Glass Volume and glass property models were curve-fitted to the glass compositions. A routine was developed that estimates HL W glass volumes using the following glass property models: II Nepheline, II One-Percent Crystal Temperature (T1%), II Viscosity (11) II Product Consistency Tests (PCT) for boron, sodium, and lithium, and II Liquidus Temperature (TL). The routine, commonly called the HL W Glass Shell, is presented in this document. In addition to the use of the glass property models, glass composition constraints and rules, as recommend in PNNL 18501 and in other documents (as referenced in this report) were incorporated. This new version of the HL W Glass Shell should generally estimate higher waste loading in the HL W glass than previous versions.

Gimpel, Rodney F.; Kruger, Albert A.

2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

274

Performance evaluation of interpolation methods for incorporating rain gauge measurements into NEXRAD precipitation data: A case study in the Upper Guadalupe River Basin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High spatial and temporal resolution of precipitation data is critical input for hydrological budget estimation and flash flood modeling. This study evaluated four methods (Bias Adjustment (BA), Simple Kriging with varying Local Means (SKlm), Kriging with External Drift (KED), and Regression Kriging (RK)) for their performances in incorporating gauge rainfall measurements into NEXRAD (Next Generation Weather Radar) Multisensor Precipitation Estimator (MPE) (hourly and 4 x 4 km{sup 2}). Measurements from a network of 50 gauges at the Upper Guadalupe River Basin, Central Texas and MPE data for the year 2004 were used in the study. We used three evaluation coefficients Percentage Bias (PB), Coefficient of Determination (R2), and Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency (NSE) to examine the performance of the four methods for preserving regional and local scale characteristics of observed precipitation data. The results show that the two Kriging-based methods (SKlm and RK) are in generally better than BA and KED and that the PB and NSE criteria are better than the R2 criterion in assessing the performance of the four methods. It is also worth noting that the performance of one method at regional scale may be different from its performance at local scale. Critical evaluation of the performance of different methods at local or regional scale should be conducted according to the different purposes. The results obtained in this study are expected to contribute to the development of more accurate spatial rainfall products for hydrologic budget and flash flood modeling.

Xie, Hongjie; Zhang, Xuesong; Yu, Beibei; Sharif, Hatim

2011-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

275

WRF/Chem-MADRID: Incorporation of an Improved Aerosol Module into WRF/Chem and Its Initial Application to the TexAQS2000 Episode  

SciTech Connect

The Model of Aerosol Dynamics, Reaction, Ionization and Dissolution (MADRID) with three improved gas/particle mass transfer approaches (i.e., bulk equilibrium (EQUI), hybrid (HYBR), and kinetic (KINE)) has been incorporated into the Weather Research and Forecast/Chemistry Model (WRF/Chem) (referred to as WRF/Chem-MADRID) and evaluated with a 5-day episode from the 2000 Texas Air Quality Study (TexAQS2000). WRF/Chem-MADRID demonstrates an overall good skill in simulating surface/aloft meteorological parameters and chemical concentrations, tropospheric O3 residuals, and aerosol optical depths. The discrepancies can be attributed to inaccuracies in meteorological predictions (e.g., overprediction in mid-day boundary layer height), inaccurate total emissions or their hourly variations (e.g., HCHO, olefins, other inorganic aerosols), and uncertainties in initial and boundary conditions for some species (e.g., other inorganic aerosols and O3) at surface and aloft. Major differences in the results among the three gas/particle mass transfer approaches occur over coastal areas, where EQUI predicts higher PM2.5 than HYBR and KINE due to improperly redistributing condensed nitrate from chloride depletion process to fine PM mode. The net direct, semi-direct, and indirect effects of PM2.5 decreased domain wide shortwave radiation by 11.2-14.4 W m-2 (or 4.1-5.6%), decreased near-surface temperature by 0.06-0.14 C (or 0.2-0.4%), led to 125 to 796 cm-3 cloud condensation nuclei at a supersaturation of 0.1%, produced cloud droplet numbers as high as 2064 cm-3, and reduced domain wide mean precipitation by 0.22-0.59 mm day-1.

Zhang, Yang; Pan, Ying; Wang, K.; Fast, Jerome D.; Grell, G. A.

2010-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

276

Taking a Tour of Wilmington's Energy-Efficient Spaces | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

a Tour of Wilmington's Energy-Efficient Spaces a Tour of Wilmington's Energy-Efficient Spaces Taking a Tour of Wilmington's Energy-Efficient Spaces February 28, 2012 - 11:30am Addthis Roya Stanley (left) on a tour of the Snipes Academy of Arts and Design with the building's architect -- Thomas Hughes. Through interactive real-time energy data tools, Snipes students incorporate energy use data in their classroom projects and studies. | Photo Courtesy of the Cape Fear Green Building Alliance. Roya Stanley (left) on a tour of the Snipes Academy of Arts and Design with the building's architect -- Thomas Hughes. Through interactive real-time energy data tools, Snipes students incorporate energy use data in their classroom projects and studies. | Photo Courtesy of the Cape Fear Green Building Alliance.

277

Control of Superconductivity in Cuprate/Manganite Heterostructures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Control of Superconductivity in Cuprate/Manganite Heterostructures Brian SiewHan Pang Hughes Hall University of Cambridge A dissertation submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at University of Cambridge June 2004 iAbstract Research has... shown that the spin alignment in an adjacent ferromagnet is capable of suppress- ing superconductivity. In this project, devices incorporating cuprate/manganite heterostuctres were successfully fabricated to study the effects of spin transport...

Pang, Brian SiewHan

278

Natural Gas Weekly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2, 2011 at 2:00 P.M. 2, 2011 at 2:00 P.M. Next Release: Thursday, September 29, 2011 Overview Prices Storage Other Market Trends Overview (For the Week Ending Wednesday, September 21, 2011) Natural gas spot prices declined at most market locations across the United States, as moderate temperatures led to declines in demand. Prices at the Henry Hub fell from $4.01 per MMBtu last Wednesday, September 14, to $3.78 per MMBtu yesterday. At the New York Mercantile Exchange, the price of the near-month futures contract (October 2011) dropped from $4.039 per MMBtu last Wednesday to $3.73 per MMBtu yesterday. Working natural gas in storage rose to 3,201 billion cubic feet (Bcf) as of Friday, September 16, according to EIA’s Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report (WNGSR). The natural gas rotary rig count, as reported by Baker Hughes

279

Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2, 2011 at 2:00 P.M. 2, 2011 at 2:00 P.M. Next Release: Thursday, September 29, 2011 Overview Prices Storage Other Market Trends Overview (For the Week Ending Wednesday, September 21, 2011) Natural gas spot prices declined at most market locations across the United States, as moderate temperatures led to declines in demand. Prices at the Henry Hub fell from $4.01 per MMBtu last Wednesday, September 14, to $3.78 per MMBtu yesterday. At the New York Mercantile Exchange, the price of the near-month futures contract (October 2011) dropped from $4.039 per MMBtu last Wednesday to $3.73 per MMBtu yesterday. Working natural gas in storage rose to 3,201 billion cubic feet (Bcf) as of Friday, September 16, according to EIA’s Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report (WNGSR). The natural gas rotary rig count, as reported by Baker Hughes

280

Regional Partnerships in Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regional Partnerships in Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration Regional Partnerships in Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration November 6-7, 2001 Lexington, Kentucky Robert Addington AEI Incorporated 2000 Ashland Drive Ashland, KY 41101 Phone: 606-928-3433 Email: crystalj@aeiresources.com Jim Amonette MSIN K8-96 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory P.O. Box 999 Richland, WA 99352 Phone: 509-3765565 Email: jim.amonette@pnl.gov Patrick Angel Area Office Manager U.S. Department of Interior Office of Surface Mining P.O. Box 1048 London, KY 40741 Phone: 606-878-6440 Email: pangel@osmre.gov Hugh Archer Commissioner Kentucky Dept of Natural Resources 663 Teton Trail Frankfort, KY 40601 Phone: 502-564-2184 Email: hugh.archer@mail.state.ky.us Victor Badaker Mining Engineering Dept. University of Kentucky MML Bldg. Lexington, KY 40546 Phone: 859-257-3818

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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281

An Australian Perspective On Distributed Energy Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Australian Perspective On Distributed Energy Resources An Australian Perspective On Distributed Energy Resources Speaker(s): Hugh Outhred Date: December 11, 2003 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Kristina LaCommare The seminar will describe and critique the Australian approach to incorporating distributed energy resources into its restructured electricity industry, which consists of the National Electricity Market (a wholesale electricity market), retail electricity markets, network regulation and environmental regulation. These arrangements continue to evolve and recent developments will be discussed. Hugh Outhred is in the School of Electrical Engineering & Telecommunications at the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. He is also a member of the National Electricity Tribunal ( a quasi-judicial appeal body associated with

282

Natural Gas - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S. Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

30, 2012 | Release Date: May 31, 30, 2012 | Release Date: May 31, 2012 | Next Release: June 7, 2012 Previous Issues Week: 12/29/2013 (View Archive) JUMP TO: In The News | Overview | Prices/Demand/Supply | Storage In the News: Natural Gas Rigs Decline in Key Areas Active natural gas rotary rigs currently total 594, according to the latest weekly data released by Baker Hughes Incorporated. According to Baker Hughes data, natural gas-directed horizontal rigs have driven the decline in total natural gas rigs over the past several months. Horizontal-directed natural gas rig counts have fallen to 411, from levels in the low-600s a year ago. Declines have occurred in key areas of dry shale gas production, particularly in Louisiana, where the Haynesville Shale is located. The number of horizontal natural gas rigs drilling in Louisiana has fallen from

283

Infrared Hole Burning and Conformational Change in a Borane-Ammonia Complex Christopher A. Endicott, Herbert L. Strauss,* Chambers C. Hughes, and Dirk Trauner  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Infrared Hole Burning and Conformational Change in a Borane-Ammonia Complex Christopher A. Endicott)-borane containing one D atom has been examined. The N-D bands have been hole burned, and the resulting spectra hole burning on the N-D bands of a MOM complex in which the NH3 had been monosubstituted

Trauner, Dirk

284

Superionic to superionic phase change in water: consequences for the interiors of Uranus and Hugh F. Wilson, Michael L. Wong1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the hydro- gen atoms. The difference in Helmholtz free energy between systems 1 and 2 governed by potential of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley Using density functional molecular dynamics free energy (DFT) free energy cal- culations, that the bcc phase is thermodynamically unstable relative to a denser

Militzer, Burkhard

285

Incorporating Multiple Sources of Stochasticity into Dynamic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­mail address: machta@phast.umass.edu O. Redner Institut f¨ ur Theoretische Physik, Universit¨ at T¨ ubingen

West, Mike

286

Incorporating Urban Systems in Global Climate Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Resolutions IPCC AR4 The Future? Preliminary Data #12;CLM Urban Canyon Model Building Building Solar Radiation properties Building Properties Thermal Conductivity (W/mK) Heat Capacity (MJ/m^3 K) Albedo Density (kg/m^3T ,1shdwlT min , maxi buildT T T

Peterson, Blake R.

287

Incorporating Experience Curves in Appliance Standards Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2006. Energy ef- ?ciency standards for equipment: Additionale?ectiveness of the EU minimum standard on cold appliances:Document: Energy E?ciency Standards for Consumer Products:

Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Incorporation of Phase Change Materials in Cementitious ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the PEG molecule; when PEG enters the mix water, it ... PCM can be 'refilled' by absorbing energy from the ... are primarily in the west (Arizona and New ...

2012-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

289

Incorporating Misclassification Error in Skill Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is desirable to account for misclassification error of meteorological observations so that the true skill of the forecast can be assessed. Errors in observations can occur, among other places, in pilot reports of icing and in tornado spotting. ...

William Briggs; Matt Pocernich; David Ruppert

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Incorporating Demand Response into Western Interconnection Transmissio...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

side resources: policy, electricity markets, electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department Attachment Size PDF 702.25 KB Google...

291

Reliability Assessment Incorporating Operational Considerations and Economic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Gross, E. Litvinov and R. Coutu "Quantification of Market Performance as a Function of System Security

292

Semiconductor devices incorporating multilayer interference regions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A semiconductor high reflector comprising a number of thin alternating layers of semiconductor materials is electrically tunable and may be used as a temperature insensitive semiconductor laser in a Fabry-Perot configuration. 8 figs.

Biefeld, R.M.; Drummond, T.J.; Gourley, P.L.; Zipperian, T.E.

1987-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

293

R-damage cassette (incorporated brass sleeve)  

SciTech Connect

The R-Damage series of ten experiments is part of a long-term collaboration with RFNC/VNIIEF in pulsed power technology. These experiments use a cylindrical configuration to study spallation damage, which allows for a natural recollection of the damaged material under proper driving conditions and post-shot collection of the damaged target material for subsequent metallographic analysis. Dynamic in-situ experimental velocimetry diagnostics are also employed. LANL is responsible for the design of the experimental load and velocimetry system. VNIIEF is responsible for the design and construction of the driving explosive magnetic generator. Eight of the experiments in the planned series have been completed. Thus far, data has been collected about failure initiation of a well-characterized material (aluminum) in a cylindrical geometry, the behavior of material recollected after damage from pressures in the damage initiation regime, and the behavior of material recollected after complete failure. The final two experiments will continue the study of material recollected after complete failure. The load assembly shown is similar to that employed in the previous two experiments, with some modiflications for easier assembly.

Griego, Jeffrey Randall [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

294

Miniature reaction chamber and devices incorporating same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention generally relates to miniaturized devices for carrying out and controlling chemical reactions and analyses. In particular, the present invention provides devices which have miniature temperature controlled reaction chambers for carrying out a variety of synthetic and diagnostic applications, such as PCR amplification, nucleic acid hybridization, chemical labeling, nucleic acid fragmentation and the like.

Mathies, Richard A. (Moraga, CA); Woolley, Adam T. (Albany, CA)

2000-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

295

Gas sensor incorporating a porous framework  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure provides sensor for gas sensing including CO.sub.2 gas sensors comprising a porous framework sensing area for binding an analyte gas.

Yaghi, Omar M.; Czaja, Alexander U.; Wang, Bo; Furukawa, Hiroyasu; Galatsis, Kosmas; Wang, Kang L.

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

296

Incorporating psychological influences in probabilistic cost analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Press, New York, 1981. MIL-HDBK-881, Handbook Work BreakdownWBS level-3 cost elements [MIL- HDBK-881, 1998]. In general,

Kujawski, Edouard; Alvaro, Mariana; Edwards, William

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Incorporating Experience Curves in Appliance Standards Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experience curves for wind farms. Energy Policy 33, 133-150.curves for wind power. Energy Policy 30, 1181- Jakob, M. ,

Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Higher modulus compositions incorporating particulate rubber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Rubber particles, to be used as fillers or extenders for various composite polymer systems, are chlorinated by a gas-solid phase reaction with a chlorine-containing gas. A composite polymer containing the chlorinated rubber fillers or extenders exhibits a higher flexural modulus than if prepared using an unchlorinated rubber filler or extender. Chlorination of the rubber particles is carried out by contacting the finely divided rubber particles with a chlorine-containing gas comprising at least about 5 volume percent chlorine. Advantageously, the chlorine can be diluted with air, nitrogen or other essentially inert gases and may contain minor amounts of fluorine. Improved performance is obtained with nitrogen dilution of the chlorine gas over air dilution. Improved polymer composite systems having higher flexural modulus result from the use of the chlorinated rubber particles as fillers instead of unchlorinated rubber particles.

Bauman, Bernard D. (Emmaus, PA); Williams, Mark A. (Souderton, PA); Bagheri, Reza (Bethlehem, PA)

1997-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

299

Higher modulus compositions incorporating particulate rubber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Rubber particles, to be used as fillers or extenders for various composite polymer systems, are chlorinated by a gas-solid phase reaction with a chlorine-containing gas. A composite polymer containing the chlorinated rubber fillers or extenders exhibits a higher flexural modulus than if prepared using an unchlorinated rubber filler or extender. Chlorination of the rubber particles is carried out by contacting the finely divided rubber particles with a chlorine-containing gas comprising at least about 5 volume percent chlorine. Advantageously, the chlorine can be diluted with air, nitrogen or other essentially inert gases and may contain minor amounts of fluorine. Improved performance is obtained with nitrogen dilution of the chlorine gas over air dilution. Improved polymer composite systems having higher flexural modulus result from the use of the chlorinated rubber particles as fillers instead of unchlorinated rubber particles. 2 figures.

McInnis, E.L.; Scharff, R.P.; Bauman, B.D.; Williams, M.A.

1995-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

300

Higher modulus compositions incorporating particulate rubber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Rubber particles, to be used as fillers or extenders for various composite polymer systems, are chlorinated by a gas-solid phase reaction with a chlorine-containing gas. A composite polymer containing the chlorinated rubber fillers or extenders exhibits a higher flexural modulus than if prepared using an unchlorinated rubber filler or extender. Chlorination of the rubber particles is carried out by contacting the finely divided rubber particles with a chlorine-containing gas comprising at least about 5 volume percent chlorine. Advantageously, the chlorine can be diluted with air, nitrogen or other essentially inert gases and may contain minor amounts of fluorine. Improved performance is obtained with nitrogen dilution of the chlorine gas over air dilution. Improved polymer composite systems having higher flexural modulus result from the use of the chlorinated rubber particles as fillers instead of unchlorinated rubber particles. 2 figs.

Bauman, B.D.; Williams, M.A.; Bagheri, R.

1997-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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301

Higher modulus compositions incorporating particulate rubber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Rubber particles, to be used as fillers or extenders for various composite polymer systems, are chlorinated by a gas-solid phase reaction with a chlorine-containing gas. A composite polymer containing the chlorinated rubber fillers or extenders exhibits a higher flexural modulus than if prepared using an unchlorinated rubber filler or extender. Chlorination of the rubber particles is carried out by contacting the finely divided rubber particles with a chlorine-containing gas comprising at least about 5 volume percent chlorine. Advantageously, the chlorine can be diluted with air, nitrogen or other essentially inert gases and may contain minor amounts of fluorine. Improved performance is obtained with nitrogen dilution of the chlorine gas over air dilution. Improved polymer composite systems having higher flexural modulus result from the use of the chlorinated rubber particles as fillers instead of unchlorinated rubber particles.

McInnis, Edwin L. (Allentown, PA); Bauman, Bernard D. (Emmaus, PA); Williams, Mark A. (Souderton, PA)

1996-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

302

Higher modulus compositions incorporating particulate rubber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Rubber particles, to be used as fillers or extenders for various composite polymer systems, are chlorinated by a gas-solid phase reaction with a chlorine-containing gas. A composite polymer containing the chlorinated rubber fillers or extenders exhibits a higher flexural modulus than if prepared using an unchlorinated rubber filler or extender. Chlorination of the rubber particles is carried out by contacting the finely divided rubber particles with a chlorine-containing gas comprising at least about 5 volume percent chlorine. Advantageously, the chlorine can be diluted with air, nitrogen or other essentially inert gases and may contain minor amounts of fluorine. Improved performance is obtained with nitrogen dilution of the chlorine gas over air dilution. Improved polymer composite systems having higher flexural modulus result from the use of the chlorinated rubber particles as fillers instead of unchlorinated rubber particles. 2 figs.

McInnis, E.L.; Bauman, B.D.; Williams, M.A.

1996-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

303

Higher modulus compositions incorporating particulate rubber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Rubber particles, to be used as fillers or extenders for various composite polymer systems, are chlorinated by a gas-solid phase reaction with a chlorine-containing gas. A composite polymer containing the chlorinated rubber fillers or extenders exhibits a higher flexural modulus than if prepared using an unchlorinated rubber filler or extender. Chlorination of the rubber particles is carried out by contacting the finely divided rubber particles with a chlorine-containing gas comprising at least about 5 volume percent chlorine. Advantageously, the chlorine can be diluted with air, nitrogen or other essentially inert gases and may contain minor amounts of fluorine. Improved performance is obtained with nitrogen dilution of the chlorine gas over air dilution. Improved polymer composite systems having higher flexural modulus result from the use of the chlorinated rubber particles as fillers instead of unchlorinated rubber particles.

McInnis, Edwin L. (Allentown, PA); Scharff, Robert P. (Louisville, KY); Bauman, Bernard D. (Emmaus, PA); Williams, Mark A. (Souderton, PA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Incorporating environmental justice into environmental decision making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Executive Order 12898, signed on February 11, 1994, broadly states that federal activities, programs, and policies should not produce disproportionately high and adverse impacts on minority and low-income populations. Moreover, the Order indicates that these populations should not be denied the benefits of, or excluded from participation in, these activities, programs, and policies. Because a presidential memorandum accompanying the order said that National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) documents should begin to address environmental justice immediately, much attention has been paid to assessment-related issues. Also important, a topic that appears to have received relatively little attention, is how decision makers should be expected to use information about environmental justice in their decision making. This paper discusses issues surrounding the use of environmental justice information in the decision-making process by focusing on the following five main topics: (1) the importance, or weight, attached to environmental justice within larger decision-making contexts; (2) the potential tension between localized environmental justice issues and regional or national issues and needs; (3) the use of environmental justice information to develop (perhaps in concert with affected minority and low-income communities) appropriate mitigation strategies, or to establish conditions under which activities, programs, and policies may be accepted locally; (4) the general implications of shifting the distribution of broadly defined risks, costs, and benefits among different population groups; and (5) the implications of implementing environmental justice on an individual, ad hoc basis rather than within a larger environmental justice framework. This paper raises the issues and discusses the implications of alternative approaches to them.

Wolfe, A.K.; Vogt, D.P.; Hwang, Ho-Ling [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [and others

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Incorporating video into Google Mobile Street View  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobile Street View is a compelling application but suffers from significant latency problems, especially in limited bandwidth circumstances. Currently, the application uses static images to display street level information. ...

Wright, Christina (Christina E.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Guidance: Incorporating EPA's Pollution Prevention Strategy into...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

areas where night flights could he routed over. A-1 wrce RductJ on: Encourage pornmarinas to conduct audits to determine and stop potential sources of contaminated...

307

Texas Instruments Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

devices for digital signal processing and analogue technologies, including a DCDC boost converter which could be an enabling technology for solar and fuel cells in...

308

Introduction: Incorporating local developments to DSpace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the install process very long Having a separate JAR for the module may be more desirable Building components into the same package increases the ease with which modules may utilise eachother's functionality makes it easier to extend existing core functionality...

Jones, Richard

2005-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

309

INCORPORATION OF SUPERPOSITION INTO THE PROGRAM POISSON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Office of High Energy and Nuclear Physics, High EnergyOffice of High Energy and Nuclear Physics, High Energy

Caspi, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

The Incorporation of Atmospheric Variability into DIRSIG  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886. BNL-63555 CLOSURE EXPERIMENT ­ MODTRAN-3 PREDICTION than calibration uncertainty may be important. The radiative transfer model MODTRAN-3 is used the MODTRAN-3 predicted value with the direct-normal short-wave irradiance measured by a calibrated

Salvaggio, Carl

312

Confirmed: Sonia Sotomayor and Latino Political Incorporation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Action Plan for Puerto Rico, Opinio Juris, accessed June 3,a. Mike Melia, Sotomayor makes first Puerto Rico visitas justice, Puerto Rico Daily Sun, December 16, 2009, last

Negrn-Muntaner, Frances

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Lightweight Structural Concrete Incorporating Volcanic Materials for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

2010 Vittorio de Nora Award Winner: Designing Crushing and Grinding Circuits for ... Materialization of Manganese by Selective Precipitation from Used Battery.

314

Incorporating International Petroleum Reserves and Resource ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Given the diversity of oil and gas accumulations and development projects, there can be significant interpretation latitude, ...

315

Incorporating new age technology into campus lighting.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Sustainable design and green engineering practices have become a priority in the architectural design industry over the past few years. Energy codes and standards have (more)

Matlack, Daniel W.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Manufacturing - Accelerating The Incorporation of Materials ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... finding their way into better performing batteries, energy storage ... and measurement at the atomic level will ... and market stages of their development. ...

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Incorporating a Preferred Orientation Correction into Supercell ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Rietveld Refinement for Cathode SOFC Gabriela Sbarcea 1 , Georgeta Velciu 1,2 , Sorina Mitrea 1 , Virgil Marinescu 1 , Adelina Ianculescu 2 ...

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

318

PFTT- Multijunction Hybrid Solar Cell Incorporating Vertically ...  

Disclosure Number 200902282 ... severely limit their applicability. This invention disclosure describes a low-cost technique by integrating ...

319

Perovskite Structured Oxides for Simultaneous Incorporation of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The solubility limits, local crystal structures, and cation ordering configurations of the ... Hot Isostatic Pressing of Chlorine-Containing Plutonium Residues and...

320

Incorporating Biometric Software Development Kits into the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... by the manufacturer, it must be plugged into the ... compiled code that an application loads at execution ... A small hardware device that plugs into the ...

2013-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Characterization of Silicon Nanoparticles Incorporated into Metal ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A New Centrifuge CVD Reactor that will Challenge the Siemens Process ... Boron Removal from Silicon Melts by H2O/H2 Gas Blowing Gas-phase Mass...

322

Methods of selectively incorporating metals onto substrates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for forming multi-metallic sites on a substrate is disclosed and described. A substrate including active groups such as hydroxyl can be reacted with a pretarget metal complex. The target metal attached to the active group can then be reacted with a secondary metal complex such that an oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction occurs to form a multi-metallic species. The substrate can be a highly porous material such as aerogels, xerogels, zeolites, and similar materials. Additional metal complexes can be reacted to increase catalyst loading or control co-catalyst content. The resulting compounds can be oxidized to form oxides or reduced to form metals in the ground state which are suitable for practical use.

Ernst; Richard D. (Salt Lake City, UT), Eyring; Edward M. (Salt Lake City, UT), Turpin; Gregory C. (Salt Lake City, UT), Dunn; Brian C. (Salt Lake City, UT)

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

323

Heteroatom incorporated coke for electrochemical cell electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to an electrode for a coke/alkali metal electrochemical cell comprising: (a) calcined coke particles: (i) that contain at least 0.5 weight percent of nitrogen heteroatoms and at least 1.0 weight percent sulfur heteroatoms, and (ii) that have an average particle size from 2 microns to 40 microns with essentially no particles being greater than 50 microns. (b) a binder This invention also relates to a coke/alkali metal electrochemical cell comprising: (a) an electrode as described above, (b) a non-aqueous electrolytic solution comprising an organic aprotic solvent and an electrically conductive salt, and (c) a counterelectrode.

Lewis, Irwin Charles (Strongsville, OH); Greinke, Ronald Alfred (Medina, OH)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Heteroatom incorporated coke for electrochemical cell electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to an electrode for a coke/alkali metal electrochemical cell comprising: (a) calcined coke particles: (1) that contain at least 0.5 weight percent of nitrogen heteroatoms and at least 1.0 weight percent sulfur heteroatoms, and (2) that have an average particle size from 2 microns to 40 microns with essentially no particles being greater than 50 microns and (b) a binder. This invention also relates to a coke/alkali metal electrochemical cell comprising: (a) an electrode as described above, (b) a non-aqueous electrolytic solution comprising an organic aprotic solvent and an electrically conductive salt, and (c) a counterelectrode. 5 figs.

Lewis, I.C.; Greinke, R.A.

1997-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

325

State Partners  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Lockheed Martin (formerly Martin Marietta Corporation) . Raytheon Company (formerly Hughes Aircraft Company) . ... Liberty Health Systems . ...

326

State Partners  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Kaiser Foundation Health Plan of Colorado . Liberty Health Systems . ... Raytheon Company (formerly Hughes Aircraft Company) . ...

327

Published as: Ha T. Nguyen and Joshua M. Pearce, "Incorporating Shading Losses in Solar Photovoltaic Potential Assessment at the Municipal Scale" Solar Energy 86(5), pp. 12451260 (2012). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2012.01.017  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photovoltaic Potential Assessment at the Municipal Scale" Solar Energy 86(5), pp. 1245­1260 (2012). DOI: http; Photovoltaic; Renewable energy; Solar energy; Solar irradiation modeling ; Shading Abbreviations (Apv, "Incorporating Shading Losses in Solar Photovoltaic Potential Assessment at the Municipal Scale" Solar Energy 86

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

328

GLASS FORMULATION TESTING TO INCREASE SULFATE INCORPORATION - Final Report VSL-04R4960-1, Rev 0, 2/28/05, Vitreous State Laboratory, The Catholic University of American, Washington, D.C.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About 50 million gallons of high-level mixed waste is currently in storage in underground tanks at The United States Department of Energy's (DOE's) Hanford site in the State of Washington. The Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) will provide DOE's Office of River Protection (ORP) with a means of treating this waste by vitrification for subsequent disposal. The tank waste will be separated into low- and high-activity fractions, which will then be vitrified respectively into Immobilized Low Activity Waste (ILAW) and Immobilized High Level Waste (IHLW) products. The ILAW product will be disposed of in an engineered facility on the Hanford site while the IHLW product will be directed to the national deep geological disposal facility for high-level nuclear waste. The ILAW and IHLW products must meet a variety of requirements with respect to protection of the environment before they can be accepted for disposal. The Office of River Protection is currently examining options to optimize the Low Activity Waste (LAW) facility and the LAW glass waste form. One option under evaluation is to enhance the waste processing rate of the vitrification plant currently under construction. It is likely that the capacity of the LAW vitrification plant can be increased incrementally by implementation of a variety of low-risk, high-probability changes, either separately or in combination. These changes include: (1) Operating at the higher processing rates demonstrated at the LAW Pilot Melter; (2) Increasing the glass pool surface area within the existing external melter envelope; (3) Increasing plant availability; (4) Increasing the glass waste loading; (5) Removing sulfate from the LAW stream; (6) Operating the melter at slightly higher temperature; (7) Installing the third LAW melter into the WTP plant; and (8) Other smaller impact changes. The melter tests described in this report utilized blended feed (glass formers plus waste simulant) prepared by Optima Chemicals according to VSL specifications. Sufficient feed was prepared to produce over nineteen hundred kilograms of glass during melter tests. The nominal reductant concentration (stoichiometric ratio of 0.5 {approx} 1 mole sucrose per 16 mole NOx or 3 mole carbon per 4 mole NOx) was maintained in all the tests by the addition of sugar at VSL. The DM 10 was used to screen the optimized glass formulation with two alternative aluminum sources (kyanite and zeolite) over a wide range of target sulfur concentrations. Subsequently, based on the DM10 results, nine 12- to 34-hour DM100 tests were conducted; six with kyanite as the aluminum additive at glass sulfur concentrations ranging from 0.75 to 1.5 wt.% SO{sub 3}, and the other three with zeolite as the aluminum additive at glass sulfur concentrations ranging from 0.75 to 1.5 wt. % SO{sub 3}. The DM 100-WV melter was used in order to provide a direct comparison with the LAW tests previously conducted on the same melter. Key operating parameters such as glass temperature and production rate were held constant to investigate the sulfur incorporation into the glass and the effects of varying the aluminum additive source. The bubbling rate was adjusted to achieve a production rate of 2000 kg/m{sup 2}/day with a near-complete cold cap (90-100% of melt surface covered with feed). Quantitative measurements of glass production rates, melter operating conditions (temperatures, pressures, power, flows, etc.), and off-gas characteristics (NOx, SO{sub 2}, CO, particulate load and composition, and acid gases) were made for each test. Glass samples taken from the glass pool and the discharge chamber were inspected throughout testing to determine the limit of salt-free operation in the melter.

KRUGER AA; MATLACK KS

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

330

Interconnect Design for Deep Submicron ICs , Zhigang Pan, Lei He, Cheng-Kok Koh and Kei-Yong Khoo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, PhD student John Hughes, Professor Kjell Jeppson (MC2), Professor Per Larsson-Edefors, Professor Mary

Pan, David Z.

331

TMS The Mirerals, Meta|s&Mate?a|s Society  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

of Engineers and Industry. ( EMCI ) ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT CERTIFICATION iNTEIINATIGNAL .... HaIIiburton Energy Seryice. Hughes Christensen.

332

IMPI: Making MPI Interoperable  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... PALLAS GmbH Hitachi Sanders, A Lockheed-Martin Co. Hughes Aircraft Co. Silicon Graphics, Inc, International Business Machines ...

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

333

A Progress Report on the Impacts of an Industry-Government ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Honeywell, Inc., Technology Center Houston Advanced Research Center Hughes Aircraft Company. ... Liberty Health Systems Light Age, Inc. ...

2011-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

334

fermec  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... hong. hongkong. hope. hospitality. hotel. hour. house. household. hugh. hundredth. ... urinary. use. usz. utilise. utility. valuation. value. vapour. variable. ...

335

Status and Highlights of Educational Programming Gregory S. Boebinger, National High Magnetic Field Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Research in Science Education Journal. (DOI) 10.1007/s11165-011-9231-8.; Hughes, R. (2010). Keeping women changes in students' and teachers' perception of scientists and attitudes toward science Hughes, R., Dixon-011-9231-8.; Hughes, R. (2010). Keeping women in STEM fields. International Journal of Gender, Science and Technology

Weston, Ken

336

SGIG FAQ Buy American applicability Comments Incorporate-2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

February 5, 2010 ! Applicability of the Buy American February 5, 2010 ! Applicability of the Buy American Provision of Section 1605 of the Recovery Act Applicability of Buy American Provision of Section 1605 of the Recovery Act to Projects Under the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program " #"$%&%'()*+&),*",-"./%&/%'"&/%"012"#(%')3+*"4',5)6),*",-"7%3&),*"!89:",-"&/%";%3,5%'2"#3&"&," 4',*5%6&(%*&"='+*&"4',?'+(")6"(+$%",*"+"3+6%@A2@3+6%"A+6)6B"" ;%3)4)%*&6"+*$"61A'%3)4)%*&6"+'%"'%64,*6)AC%"-,'"(+D)*?")*)&)+C"$%&%'()*+&),*6",-"./%&/%'"&/%"

337

Cesium incorporation and diffusion in cancrinite, sodalite, zeolite, and allophane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Energy?s Hanford site, high level nuclear waste has leaked from underground storage tanks; Allophane; Intraparticle diffusion 1. Introduction At the Hanford site, a former plutonium production and channels to balance the charge of the structural frame- works. Cancrinite contains small e-cages made

Flury, Markus

338

Increasing the Service Life of Bridge Decks by Incorporating ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to the surface, and from solar energy to the ... and 136 % that of the control mix, suggesting a ... West' states stretching from North Dakota to Arizona. ...

2012-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

339

Incorporating Carbon in Energy Planning at Industrial Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Climate legislation appears increasingly likely, reflected by intensifying legislative activity and two generally supportive presidential candidates. Most who track climate legislation predict that a law will be passed in late 2009 or early 2010. Regulations and emission limits are expected in 2012 or 2013, although some mandatory pre-compliance greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reporting by covered entities will need to begin near term. The most significant ramification of climate legislation for industrial facilities will be that GHG emissions will, starting in the first compliance year, have a per tonne emission cost; this will either have to be paid for in (1) pass-through costs on more expensive power or fuel, (2) purchases of allowances for emissions, or (3) purchases of carbon offsets (i.e., CO2 reduction or sequestration projects to offset emissions). Although much remains uncertain as to the nature of the legislation, the inevitability of a per-tonne emissions cost makes it important to begin planning for this economic responsibility right away. If this future carbon liability is not considered in financial analysis, then projects that reduce future carbon-related expenditures may be overlooked in favor of those that will be less economically advantageous without pricing carbon cost. In this respect, it is important to shadow price carbon into financial forecasting, especially in capital planning. Heretofore, all planning for carbon reduction should be made against a properly documented emissions baseline, with full accommodation of the rules of carbon reduction project origination and monetization. If these rules are met in advance, pre-compliance carbon reduction projects may be eligible to earn bankable credits once climate legislation is in effect. However, if capital projects are planned and financed without proper accommodation of the crediting rules, then bankable credits will not be claimable, and the capital spending will not be as efficiently used. This paper speaks to methods of analyzing a facilitys potential greenhouse gas liability and establishing a system of greenhouse gas management that shadow prices carbon into financial planning. The lecture will also give a status report on carbon legislation, and a brief mention of the rules of carbon crediting, as spelled out in the most widely accepted protocol.

Smith, K.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

A Next Generation Alarm Processing Algorithm Incorporating Recommendations and Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Fellow IEEE Abstract-- The number of alarms for a typical power system event may be overwhelming to power. Index Terms-- alarm processing, power system control, reac- tive power control, sensors, switched capacitors, transformer tap changing, wide area control systems, wide area measurement systems. I

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Incorporating music into the study of algorithms and computer programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

According to the national syllabus set forth by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, or hence force MEXT for short, and implemented in senior high schools since the school year of 2003--2004 in Japan, every student is expected ... Keywords: K-12 instruction, compiler / programming languages & paradigms

Takeo Tatsumi; Yoshiaki Nakano; Kiyoshi Tajitsu; Haruhiko Okumura; Yasunari Harada

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Incorporating Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Association of Energy Service Companies Report,and S. Rezessy. 2010. Energy Service Companies Market inSurvey of the U.S. Energy Services Company (ESCO) Industry:

Larsen, Peter

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Magnetic levitation configuration incorporating levitation, guidance and linear synchronous motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A propulsion and suspension system for an inductive repulsion type magnetically levitated vehicle which is propelled and suspended by a system which includes propulsion windings which form a linear synchronous motor and conductive guideways, adjacent to the propulsion windings, where both combine to partially encircling the vehicle-borne superconducting magnets. A three phase power source is used with the linear synchronous motor to produce a traveling magnetic wave which in conjunction with the magnets propel the vehicle. The conductive guideway combines with the superconducting magnets to provide for vehicle leviation.

Coffey, Howard T. (Darien, IL)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Incorporating Physical and Digital Artifacts into Growing Personal Collections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

personal sub-collections which are often shared. Examples include students' annotated texts or a knowledge its use with bibliographic information produced by a physical library. Our prototype system relies in libraries. The students relied upon hand-written notes, primarily bibliographic references, to assist them

Francisco-Revilla, Luis

345

Incorporating climate change into corporate business strategies. Conference proceedings  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the papers presented at the International Climate Change Conference and Technologies Exhibition June 12-13, 1997. Topics include energy supply and electricity generation; forestry and agriculture; and the chemical, energy, and manufacturing industries.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

346

Dynamic model of power system operation incorporating load control  

SciTech Connect

Load management has been proposed as a means whereby an electric utility can reduce its requirements for additional generation, transmission, and distribution investments, shift fuel dependency from limited to more abundant energy resources, and improve the efficiency of the electric energy system. There exist, however, serious technological and economic questions which must be answered to define the cost trade-offs between initiating a load management strategy or adding additional capacity to meet the load. One aspect of this complex problem is to determine how the load profile might be modified by the load management option being considered. Towards this end, a model has been developed to determine how a power system with an active load control system should be operated to make the best use of its available resources. The model is capable of handling all types of conventional generating sources including thermal, hydro, and pumped storage units, and most appliances being considered for direct control including those with inherent or designed storage characteristics. The model uses a dynamic programming technique to determine the optimal operating strategy for a given set of conditions. The use of the model is demonstrated. Case study results indicate that the production cost savings that can be achieved through the use of direct load control are highly dependent on utility characteristics, load characteristics, storage capacity, and penetration. The load characteristics that produce the greatest savings are: large storage capacity; high coincidence with the system peak; large connected load per point; and moderately high diversity fraction.

Kuliasha, M.A.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Incorporation of Hydride Nuclear Fuels in Commercial Light Water Reactors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conductivity and volumetric heat capacity . 3.1.1.2 HydrogenBottom: volumetric heat capacity of the U 0.31 ZrH x fuel asThe volumetric heat capacity has the same dependencies;

Terrani, Kurt Amir

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Protest and Political Incorporation: Vietnamese American Protests, 1975-2001  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Directory of Mutual Assistance Associations listed 148 organizations,organizations unregistered with the state of California and not formally listed in the Directory.

Ong, Nhu-Ngoc T.; Meyer, David S.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Incorporating uncertainty in the Life Cycle Cost Analysis of pavements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Life Cycle Cost Analysis (LCCA) is an important tool to evaluate the economic performance of alternative investments for a given project. It considers the total cost to construct, maintain, and operate a pavement over its ...

Swei, Omar Abdullah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Introduction Finisar digital link modules incorporate a new capability in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for a network administrator to collect these parameters from every attached station and thereby troubleshoot

California at Santa Cruz, University of

351

Thermal Properties of Polyester Composites Incorporated with Coir ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Characterization of Concentrate, Pellet and DRI Samples for Trace Elements Characterization of Dust Generated in the BOF Converter Characterization of...

352

Incorporating Anthropogenic Water Regulation Modules into a Land Surface Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anthropogenic activities have been significantly perturbing global freshwater flows and groundwater reserves. Despite numerous advances in the development of land surface models (LSMs) and global terrestrial hydrological models (GHMs), relatively ...

Yadu Pokhrel; Naota Hanasaki; Sujan Koirala; Jaeil Cho; Pat J.-F. Yeh; Hyungjun Kim; Shinjiro Kanae; Taikan Oki

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Incorporation of Hydride Nuclear Fuels in Commercial Light Water Reactors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tem- perature and uranium enrichment in the samples are5% U-235 enrichment is assumed for the uranium. The liquidThe uranium is purchased by the utility from the enrichment

Terrani, Kurt Amir

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

NFFLOW: A reservoir simulator incorporating explicit fractures (SPE 153890)  

SciTech Connect

NFFLOW is a research code that quickly and inexpensively simulates flow in moderately fractured reservoirs. It explicitly recognizes fractures separately from rock matrix. In NFFLOW fracture flow is proportional to the pressure gradient along the fracture, and flow in the rock matrix is determined by Darcys Law. The two flow mechanisms are coupled through the pressure gradient between a fracture and its adjacent rock matrix. Presented is a promising change to NFFLOW that allows for flow across a rock matrix block.

Boyle, E.J.; Sams, W.N.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Evaluation of integrated wall systems incorporating electrochromic windows [Final report  

SciTech Connect

Billions of dollars are spent annually in the U.S. on energy lost through the use of inefficient windows. Even wall systems with advanced static glazings and moveable shading devices are not optimal because they can't effectively respond to changing solar conditions. Electrochromic (EC) smart windows can dynamically control the amount of solar light and heat entering a building. The energy saving performance of fully dynamic wall systems containing EC windows was compared with that of static systems using the DOE 2.1E building simulation program. Total costs for different scenarios were computed. SAGE demonstrated the capability to produce double pane EC windows in which the transmittance repeatedly varied between 2-58%. Relative impact of EC glazings in buildings compared to static is 10-20% energy savings across all climatic regions investigated. Significant life cycle cost savings are predicted for SAGE's EC windows when compared to conventional solar control windows over an estimated product lifetime of 20 years.

Sbar, Neil L.

2001-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

356

Remediation: Incorporating Sustainable Environmental Practices into Remediation of Contaminated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

document was prepared in cooperation with EPAs Brownfields and Land Revitalization Technology Support Center (BTSC) and funded by OSRTI under Contract No. 68-W-03-038 to Environmental Management Support, Inc. The authors gratefully acknowledge the insightful comments and assistance of reviewers within EPA and other federal and state environmental agencies. An electronic version of this primer can be downloaded from OSRTIs and BTSCs websites at

Green Remediation

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Microsoft Word - FY13TYSP- KCP Document w comments incorporated...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

- Kirtland Operations KV - kilovolt LAC - Lightning Arrestor Connector LANL - Los Alamos National Laboratory LEED - Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design LEP - Life...

358

Self-assembled molecular films incorporating a ligand  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Functionalized monomers are presented which can be used in the fabrication of molecular films for controlling adhesion, detection of receptor-ligand binding and enzymatic reactions; new coatings for lithography; and for semiconductor materials. The monomers are a combination of a ligand, a linker, optionally including a polymerizable group, and a surface attachment group. The processes and an apparatus for making films from these monomers, as well as methods of using the films are also provided.

Bednarski, Mark D. (Berkeley, CA); Wilson, Troy E. (Berkeley, CA); Mastandra, Mark S. (Brookline, MA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Strategies for incorporating functional block copolymers into polyelectrolyte multilayer coatings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the creation of thin film responsive hydrogel coatings via Layer-by Layer assembly (LbL) of temperature (T) responsive block copolymer - polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMs). First, the LbL conditions ...

Tan, Wui Siew

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the Punjab Government's broader policy processes, especially its preparation of official disaster guidelines and response planning. References "Planning for climate compatible...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Weather Incorporated for Needs Development (W.I.N.D.)  

SciTech Connect

The OSHA Power Generation Standard states that power generation employees shall be trained in specific applications of the standard that apply to individual job requirements. The intent of the project objective, then, is to create a tailored course that identifies standard requirements that apply to wind energy technicians.The purpose of this project is to develop an OSHA Power Generation Standard (1910.269) training course for both college based wind energy technician students and for continued workforce training of already employed wind technicians.

Paul Gunderson; Melinda Martin; Jay Johnson

2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

362

Intern experience at Brown & Root, Incorporated: an internship report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This internship report describes the major activities and accomplishments during the author's one-year intership at Brown & Root in Houston, Texas. The report discusses his engineering assignments, and the necessary functions of a project engineer. The author's assignments covered essentially the technical nature and procedures of his work in several areas of fixed offshore platform design. The author presents and discusses the managerial functions of a project engineer whom he observed working in an offshore engineering company. At the end of this report, the author's accomplishments are summarized, and recommendations concerning the internship are presented.

Roengnarong Ratanaprichavej, 1949-

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Incorporating safety risk in early system architecture trade studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ideally, safety should be a part of the early decision making used in conceptual system design. However, effectively evaluating safety risk3 early enough to inform the early trade studies is not possible with current ...

Dulac, Nicholas

364

Detecting DNA regulatory motifs by incorporating positional trendsin information content  

SciTech Connect

On the basis of the observation that conserved positions in transcription factor binding sites are often clustered together, we propose a simple extension to the model-based motif discovery methods. We assign position-specific prior distributions to the frequency parameters of the model, penalizing deviations from a specified conservation profile. Examples with both simulated and real data show that this extension helps discover motifs as the data become noisier or when there is a competing false motif.

Kechris, Katherina J.; van Zwet, Erik; Bickel, Peter J.; Eisen,Michael B.

2004-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

365

Integrated Modeling of Building Energy Requirements Incorporating Solar Assisted Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bailey, O. , et al. Distributed Energy Resources inFirestone, R. Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoptionet. al. Gas-Fired Distributed Energy Resource Technology

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Incorporating the Technology Roadmap Uncertainties into the Project Risk Assessment  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes two methods, Technology Roadmapping and Project Risk Assessment, which were used to identify and manage the technical risks relating to the treatment of sodium bearing waste at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. The waste treatment technology under consideration was Direct Vitrification. The primary objective of the Technology Roadmap is to identify technical data uncertainties for the technologies involved and to prioritize the testing or development studies to fill the data gaps. Similarly, project management's objective for a multi-million dollar construction project includes managing all the key risks in accordance to DOE O 413.3 - "Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets." In the early stages, the Project Risk Assessment is based upon a qualitative analysis for each risk's probability and consequence. In order to clearly prioritize the work to resolve the technical issues identified in the Technology Roadmap, the issues must be cross- referenced to the project's Risk Assessment. This will enable the project to get the best value for the cost to mitigate the risks.

Bonnema, Bruce Edward

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Incorporating the Technology Roadmap Uncertainties into the Project Risk Assessment  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes two methods, Technology Roadmapping and Project Risk Assessment, which were used to identify and manage the technical risks relating to the treatment of sodium bearing waste at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. The waste treatment technology under consideration was Direct Vitrification. The primary objective of the Technology Roadmap is to identify technical data uncertainties for the technologies involved and to prioritize the testing or development studies to fill the data gaps. Similarly, project management's objective for a multi-million dollar construction project includes managing all the key risks in accordance to DOE O 413.3 - ''Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets.'' In the early stages, the Project Risk Assessment is based upon a qualitative analysis for each risk's probability and consequence. In order to clearly prioritize the work to resolve the technical issues identified in the Technology Roadmap, the issues must be cross- referenced to the project's Risk Assessment. This will enable the project to get the best value for the cost to mitigate the risks.

Bonnema, B.E.

2002-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

368

Integrated Modeling of Building Energy Requirements Incorporating Solar Assisted Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

accessed August, 2005). Absorption chiller and PV cost andto single effect absorption chillers (COP = 0.7) with1.1 MW single effect absorption chiller, and a 1.5 MW low

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Longshore sediment transport rate calculated incorporating wave orbital velocity fluctuations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laboratory experiments were performed to study and improve longshore sediment transport rate predictions. Measured total longshore transport in the laboratory was approximately three times greater for plunging breakers than spilling breakers. Three distinct zones of longshore transport were observed across the surf zone: the incipient breaker zone, inner surf zone, and swash zone. Transport at incipient breaking was influenced by breaker type; inner surf zone transport was dominated by wave height, independent of wave period; and swash zone transport was dependent on wave period. Selected predictive formulas to compute total load and distributed load transport were compared to laboratory and field data. Equations by Kamphuis (1991) and Madsen et al. (2003) gave consistent total sediment transport estimates for both laboratory and field data. Additionally, the CERC formula predicted measurements well if calibrated and applied to similar breaker types. Each of the distributed load models had shortcomings. The energetics model of Bodge and Dean (1987) was sensitive to fluctuations in energy dissipation and often predicted transport peaks that were not present in the data. The Watanabe (1992) equation, based on time-averaged bottom stress, predicted no transport at most laboratory locations. The Van Rijn (1993) model was comprehensive and required hydrodynamic, bedform, and sediment data. The model estimated the laboratory cross-shore distribution well, but greatly overestimated field transport. Seven models were developed in this study based on the principle that transported sediment is mobilized by the total shear stress acting on the bottom and transported by the current at that location. Shear stress, including the turbulent component, was calculated from the wave orbital velocity. Models 1 through 3 gave good estimates of the transport distribution, but underpredicted the transport peak near the plunging wave breakpoint. A suspension term was included in Models 4 through 7, which improved estimates near breaking for plunging breakers. Models 4, 5 and 7 also compared well to the field measurements. It was concluded that breaker type is an important variable in determining the amount of transport that occurs at a location. Lastly, inclusion of the turbulent component of the orbital velocity is vital in predictive sediment transport equations.

Smith, Ernest Ray

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Incorporating business process management into RFID-enabled  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

seit längerem im Alltag Anwendung findet. Sogenannte RIFD Tags oder Transponder werden in Chipkarten RIFD aufgehoben, ein NFCGerät kann also sowohl die aktive als auch die passive Komponente sein. Ein

Liu, Chengfei

371

Incorporating sell-up in airline revenue management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The decision to buy a fare that is higher than the desired fare, under the situation when the desired fare is not available, is known as sell-up. Passengers' willingness to sellup can have considerable impact on airline ...

Charania Aamer

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Preventing Voltage Collapse with Protection Systems that Incorporate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Weatherford. 1996. Habits of Bald Eagles wintering along the upper John Day River, Oregon. Northwest Science

373

Incorporation of Hydride Nuclear Fuels in Commercial Light Water Reactors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

52] J.H. Rust. Nuclear Power Plant Engineering. Buchanan,the economics of nuclear power plants. In addition, the longin commercial nuclear power plants. The fuel designs and

Terrani, Kurt Amir

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Incorporation of Furan into Low Band-Gap Polymers for ...  

and Departments of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, UniVersity of California, Berkeley, California 94720-1460, United States

375

Analysis of hybrid power system incorporating squirrel cage induction generators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents generic model of hybrid power system consisting in a combined solution one wind turbine with asynchronous generator and on hydro generator with synchronous machine. This technology was developed by to reduce the cost of supplying ... Keywords: asynchronous generator, homer, optimal design, renewable energy, variable speed generation, voltage and frequency controller, water flow

Sorin Ioan Deaconu; Marcel Topor; Gabriel Nicolae Popa; Diana Bistrian

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and specifically, in the Primary Surface Recuperator (PSR) in Solar's Mercury 50 gas turbine. As brought out in paragraph 2 of Solar's petition, the new material will be...

377

Integrated Modeling of Building Energy Requirements Incorporating Solar Assisted Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

utility SCE (Southern California Edison), Schedule TOU-8. Southern California Edison Tariff Books, Sheets 38928E -

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Incorporation of excess weapons material into the IFR fuel cycle  

SciTech Connect

The Integral Fast Reactor (IFR) provides both a diversion resistant closed fuel cycle for commercial power generation and a means of addressing safeguards concerns related to excess nuclear weapons material. Little head-end processing and handling of dismantled warhead materials is required to convert excess weapons plutonium (Pu) to IFR fuel and a modest degree of proliferation protection is available immediately by alloying weapons Pu to an IFR fuel composition. Denaturing similar to that of spent fuel is obtained by short cycle (e.g. 45 day) use in an IFR reactor, by mixing which IFR recycle fuel, or by alloying with other spent fuel constituents. Any of these permanent denaturings could be implemented as soon as an operating IFR and/or an IFR recycle capability of reasonable scale is available. The initial Pu charge generated from weapons excess Pu can then be used as a permanent denatured catalyst, enabling the IFR to efficiently and economically generate power with only a natural or depleted uranium feed. The Pu is thereafter permanently safeguarded until consumed, with essentially none going to a waste repository.

Hannum, W.H.; Wade, D.C.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Incorporating Quality-of-Service in the Virtual Interface Architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

User-level Networking (ULN) is gaining rapid acceptance in the commercial world with Virtual Interface Architecture (VIA), and Infiniband more recently, being touted as the interface of choice to diverse peripherals. There is an important issue with ...

Shailabh Nagar; Chun Liu; Gokul B. Kandiraju; Anand Sivasubramaniam; N. Gautam

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Integrated Modeling of Building Energy Requirements Incorporating Solar Assisted Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

year-round cooling loads and a 1.6 MW summer peak electrical load near midnight. Electricity consumption

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CORNING INCORPORATED FOR...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

fused silica transmissive optics utilized in advanced Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) laser systems. The present cost of laser optics used in the ICF laser system is between...

382

Incorporation of silica into baroplastic core-shell nanoparticles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Core-shell baroplastics are nanophase materials that exhibit pressure-induced flow at low temperatures and high pressures. Core-shell baroplastics used in this work are comprised of a low Tg poly(butyl acrylate) (PBA) core ...

Hewlett, Sheldon A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Magnetic levitation configuration incorporating levitation, guidance and linear synchronous motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A propulsion and suspension system for an inductive repulsion type magnetically levitated vehicle which is propelled and suspended by a system which includes propulsion windings which form a linear synchronous motor and conductive guideways, adjacent to the propulsion windings, where both combine to partially encircling the vehicle-borne superconducting magnets. A three phase power source is used with the linear synchronous motor to produce a traveling magnetic wave which in conjunction with the magnets propel the vehicle. The conductive guideway combines with the superconducting magnets to provide for vehicle levitation. 3 figures.

Coffey, H.T.

1993-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

384

INCORPORATION OF BOUNDARY CONDITION INTO THE PROGRAM POISSON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Office of High Energy and Nuclear Physics, High EnergyOffice of High Energy and Nuclear Physics, High Energy

Caspi, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Incorporating carbon capture and storage technologies in integrated assessment models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and storage of CO2 from electric power plants. The electric power sector accounts for a substant of realistic technology adoption rates. The specification of input substitution, relative costs, and plant change has accounted for a significant portion of economic growth and is, in part, responsible

386

Product Incorporating NIST Expert System Wins R&D 100 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of Burlington, Mass., and is used in a range of industries: oil & gas, petroleum refining, chemicals, power, pharmaceuticals, metal & mining, for the ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

387

Image, Incorporated : a study of securities buildings in Seoul, Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study deals with the images of corporate high-rises in Seoul, Korea, the main city of a rapidly growing industrial nation. The questions explored concern mainly the images of office high-rises. Five multi-story ...

Chang, Ji-in

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Energy Balance Models Incorporating Transport of Thermal and Latent Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Standard latitudinally resolved energy balance models describe conservation of energy on a sphere subject to solar heating, cooling by infrared radiation and diffusive redistribution of energy according to a Fourier type heat flow with flux ...

Brian P. Flannery

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Incorporating solid state drives into distributed storage systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

power plants and Googles more novel approach of floating data centers at sea, taking advantage of readily available wind, waves and

Wacha, Rosie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Clayey Ceramic Incorporated with Powder from the Sintering Plant ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing a Collaborative System for Socio-Environmental Management of Industrial Waste Differential Removal of Copper and Iron from Acidic Polymetallic...

391

Incorporation of Hydride Nuclear Fuels in Commercial Light Water Reactors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of plutonium attainable with MOX fuel [24, 23]. In theof recycles feasible with MOX fuel is limited because the

Terrani, Kurt Amir

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Incorporation of Hydride Nuclear Fuels in Commercial Light Water Reactors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fundamental aspects of nuclear reactor fuel elements.Unlike permanent nuclear reactor core components, nuclearof the first nuclear reactors, commercial nuclear fuel still

Terrani, Kurt Amir

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SOLAR TURBINES INCORPORATED...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

under this contract is to improve the performance of stationary gas turbines in cogeneration applications and to lessen environmental emissions through the replacement of...

394

Incorporating Wind Generation in Cap and Trade Programs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Cap and trade programs are increasingly being used to reduce emissions from electricity generation in the United States. Cap and trade programs primarily target emitting generators, but programs have also included renewable generators, such as wind generators. States cite several reasons why they have considered the policy option of including renewable generators in cap and trade programs: to provide an incentive for lower-emitting generation, to achieve emissions reductions in non-capped pollutants, and to gain local economic benefits associated with renewable energy projects. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency also notes these rationales for considering this policy alternative, and the National Association of Regulatory Commissioners (NARUC) passed a resolution supporting the inclusion of renewable energy in cap and trade programs. This report explores why states consider this policy option, what participation could mean for wind generators, and how wind generation can most effectively be included in state, federal, and regional cap and trade programs.

Bluestein, J.; Salerno, E.; Bird, L.; Vimmerstedt, L.

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Contact information for the presenters from the Webcast: Incorporating...  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

* Amy Royden-Bloom, STAPPA-ALAPCO aroyden-bloom@4cleanair.org * Joel Bluestein, Energy & Environmental Analysis jbluestein@eea-inc.com * Joe Bryson, U.S. EPA...

396

Incorporating Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Swedish ESCO Experience. Energy Efficiency, 3(3), 237-256.2001 Session. Chapter 219: Energy and Operational Efficiency2008. NAESCO Analysis of Non-energy Benefits of Efficiency

Larsen, Peter

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Demand response computation for future smart grids incorporating wind power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we study supply and demand management in the presence of conventional and renewable energy sources, where the latter is represented by a single wind turbine. Total social welfare, defined in terms of consumer utility and cost of power ... Keywords: constrained optimization, kuhn-tucker conditions, outage probability, renewable source, smart grid

Nihan iek; Hakan Deli

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Incorporation of Hydride Nuclear Fuels in Commercial Light Water Reactors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3.1.2 Heat conduction3.4.1 Heat conduction equation . . . . . . . .Equations of the Heat Conduction Type. Proceedings of the

Terrani, Kurt Amir

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

A Midlatitude Cumulus Parameterization that Incorporates Cloudtop Entrainment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a Kuo-type cumulus parameterization that includes a steady state one-dimensional cloudtop entraining cloud model and ice phase microphysics. Heating profiles computed with this parameterization are compared with those ...

Gregory R. Taylor; Marcia B. Baker

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Rebuilding your flooded home: Guidelines for incorporating energy efficiency  

SciTech Connect

Repairs to your flood-damaged home can add energy efficiency at the same time you address pressing structural needs, mainly by replacing and upgrading insulation in walls and floors, and checking your foundation for flood damage. Many energy efficiency options are available to you today that may not have been widely available when you built your house even if that was only a few years ago. Cost-effectiveness depends on several factors, including cost of fuel and materials, efficiency levels of the structure and components, and climate. This booklet offers some general tips to improve the efficiency of your home`s shell and equipment. Additional information on any issue covered in this booklet is available from various agencies within or near your community, including your state energy office, local community action agency, utilities, Red Cross and Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) offices.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

U.S. households are incorporating energyefficient features ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... area of increased efficiency: about 60% of households use at least some energy-efficient compact fluorescent (CFL) or light-emitting diode (LED) ...

402

Incorporation of Hydride Nuclear Fuels in Commercial Light Water Reactors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experience in the nuclear fuels field. I am also extremelyreactor core components, nuclear fuel-element design hasreactors, commercial nuclear fuel still consists of uranium

Terrani, Kurt Amir

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

West Greenlandic noun incorporation in a monohierarchical theory of grammar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this paper, I will present an alternative hpsg analysis of West Greenlandic dvs as a mixed category construction that shares some of the properties of both verbs and nouns. A dv can head a clause like any other verb can. West Greenlandic is an ergative language, so a dv can govern an absolutive argument and, if transitive, an ergative argument. Unlike a verb, though, a dv can also occur with arguments that are characteristic of nouns. For example, nouns can take a possessor in the ergative case: (2) a. piniartup hunter-erg qajaa kayak-abs.3sg `the hunter's kayak' (Fortescue 1984:216) b. kunngip kunngi-p king-erg panippassuaqarpoq panik-passuaq-qar-poq daughter-many-have-3sg.indic `There are many king's daughters (i.e. princesses).' (Sadock 1991:96) As we see in (2b), dvs can, like nouns, also take an ergative possessor. Note tha

Robert Malouf; West Greenlandic Noun Incorporation

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Incorporating Radiant Heat Exchange into Finite Element Models of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to simplify this non-linear mode of heat transfer, the effects of ... Technical Risk Mitigation Through Rheometallurgical Generation of Process and...

405

Incorporating Hybrid Models into a Framework for Designing ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The initial goal is to create an easy-to-use software system for integrating material, ... A process design technique for the control of microstructure development...

406

User-level sentiment analysis incorporating social networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show that information about social relationships can be used to improve user-level sentiment analysis. The main motivation behind our approach is that users that are somehow "connected" may be more likely to hold similar opinions; therefore, relationship ... Keywords: opinion mining, sentiment analysis, social networks, twitter

Chenhao Tan; Lillian Lee; Jie Tang; Long Jiang; Ming Zhou; Ping Li

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Incorporating Spatial Information into Density Estimates and Street Gang Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agent-Based Models . . . . . . . . . .of networks in an agent-based model. Physical Review E, 66(and H. J. Herrmann. Agent-based model for friendship in

Smith, Laura

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Electrical Core Transformer for Grid Improvement Incorporating Wire Magnetic Components  

SciTech Connect

The research reported herein adds to the understanding of oil-immersed distribution transformers by exploring and demonstrating potential improvements in efficiency and cost utilizing the unique Buswell approach wherein the unit is redesigned, replacing magnetic sheet with wire allowing for improvements in configuration and increased simplicity in the build process. Exploration of new designs is a critical component in our drive to assure reduction of energy waste, adequate delivery to the citizenry, and the robustness of U.S. manufacturing. By moving that conversation forward, this exploration adds greatly to our base of knowledge and clearly outlines an important avenue for further exploration. This final report shows several advantages of this new transformer type (outlined in a report signed by all of our collaborating partners and included in this document). Although materials development is required to achieve commercial potential, the clear benefits of the technology if that development were a given is established. Exploration of new transformer types and further work on the Buswell design approach is in the best interest of the public, industry, and the United States. Public benefits accrue from design alternatives that reduce the overall use of energy, but it must be acknowledged that new DOE energy efficiency standards have provided some assurance in that regard. Nonetheless the burden of achieving these new standards has been largely shifted to the manufacturers of oil-immersed distribution transformers with cost increasing up to 20% of some units versus 2006 when this investigation was started. Further, rising costs have forced the industry to look closely are far more expensive technologies which may threaten U.S. competitiveness in the distribution transformer market. This concern is coupled with the realization that many units in the nation's grid are beyond their optimal life which suggests that the nation may be headed for an infrastructure crisis that U.S. industry is ill prepared to handle which could further challenge U.S. competitiveness.

Harrie R. Buswell, PhD; Dennis Jacobs, PhD; Steve Meng

2012-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

409

Incorporating Carbon Capture and Storage Technologies in Integrated Assessment Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

carbon capture and storage, 2) a natural gas combined cycle technology with carbon capture and storage 1 power generation technologies are: 1) a natural gas combined cycle technology (advanced gas) without eight of technologies in the electric power sector: conventional fossil fuel, natural gas combined cycle

410

Evaluation of integrated wall systems incorporating electrochromic windows [Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Billions of dollars are spent annually in the U.S. on energy lost through the use of inefficient windows. Even wall systems with advanced static glazings and moveable shading devices are not optimal because they can't effectively respond to changing solar conditions. Electrochromic (EC) smart windows can dynamically control the amount of solar light and heat entering a building. The energy saving performance of fully dynamic wall systems containing EC windows was compared with that of static systems using the DOE 2.1E building simulation program. Total costs for different scenarios were computed. SAGE demonstrated the capability to produce double pane EC windows in which the transmittance repeatedly varied between 2-58%. Relative impact of EC glazings in buildings compared to static is 10-20% energy savings across all climatic regions investigated. Significant life cycle cost savings are predicted for SAGE's EC windows when compared to conventional solar control windows over an estimated product lifetime of 20 years.

Sbar, Neil L.

2001-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

411

Integrated Modeling of Building Energy Requirements Incorporating Solar Assisted Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas Company Rate Schedules. August 2005. Natural gas pricesloads, electricity and natural gas prices, and DER equipment

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Incorporating UCD into the software development lifecycle: a case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This case study addresses how we applied user centered design (UCD) to the software development lifecycle for the new City of Austin Utilities Online Customer Care website. The case study focuses on the use of personas, prototypes, and user testing, ... Keywords: personas, prototypes, simulations, ucd, usability, user centered design, user experience

Andy Switzky

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY XANTREX TECHNOLOGY, INCORPORATE...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The purpose of the subcontract encompasses the development of improved photovoltaic (PV) manufacturing processes and products while reducing costs and providing a technology...

414

Integrated Modeling of Building Energy Requirements Incorporating Solar Assisted Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heat recovery and absorption cooling are selected in allself- generated and absorption cooling displaces a further

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Analysis of Copper Incorporation Into Zinc Oxide Nanowires  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... sensors, solar cells, field emission sources, and piezoelectric devices ... optical properties; Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) and energy dispersive X ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

416

Flexible Dielectric Films that Incorporate Multi Walled Carbon ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The composite materials were spin coated onto one side of flexible stainless steel substrates, and graphene and graphene with PMMA films were subsequently...

417

Thoughts on Incorporating HPRF in a Linear Cooling Channel  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We discuss a possible implementation of high-pressure gas-filled RF (HPRF) cavities in a linear cooling channel for muons and some of the technical issues that must be dealt with. The approach we describe is a hybrid approach that uses high-pressure hydrogen gas to avoid cavity breakdown, along with discrete LiH absorbers to provide the majority of the energy loss. Initial simulations show that the channel performs as well as the original vacuum RF channel while potentially avoiding the degradation in RF gradient associated with the strong magnetic field in the cooling channel.

Gallardo, Juan C.; Zisman, Michael S

2009-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

418

Solar cell structure incorporating a novel single crystal silicon material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A novel hydrogen rich single crystal silicon material having a band gap energy greater than 1.1 eV can be fabricated by forming an amorphous region of graded crystallinity in a body of single crystalline silicon and thereafter contacting the region with atomic hydrogen followed by pulsed laser annealing at a sufficient power and for a sufficient duration to recrystallize the region into single crystal silicon without out-gassing the hydrogen. The new material can be used to fabricate semiconductor devices such as single crystal silicon solar cells with surface window regions having a greater band gap energy than that of single crystal silicon without hydrogen.

Pankove, Jacques I. (Princeton, NJ); Wu, Chung P. (Trenton, NJ)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CORNING INCORPORATED FOR...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

is to develop effective, economical technology to enable the removal of mercury from syngas created when coal is gasified. Under the subcontract, Corning will conduct research...

420

Magnetic levitation configuration incorporating levitation, guidance and linear synchronous motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A propulsion and suspension system for an inductive repulsion type magnetically levitated vehicle which is propelled and suspended by a system which includes propulsion windings which form a linear synchronous motor and conductive guideways, adjacent to the propulsion windings, where both combine to partially encircling the vehicle-borne superconducting magnets. A three phase power source is used with the linear synchronous motor to produce a traveling magnetic wave which in conjunction with the magnets propel the vehicle. The conductive guideway combines with the superconducting magnets to provide for vehicle leviation.

Coffey, H.T.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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421

Incorporating Non-energy Benefits into Energy Savings Performance Contracts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy conservation measures State Virginia (2001) New Mexico (types of non-energy benefits. New Mexico (2011) has specificenergy savings contracts by governmental entities, June. New Mexico.

Larsen, Peter

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Boiling water neutronic reactor incorporating a process inherent safety design  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A boiling-water reactor core is positioned within a prestressed concrete reactor vessel of a size which will hold a supply of coolant water sufficient to submerge and cool the reactor core by boiling for a period of at least one week after shutdown. Separate volumes of hot, clean (non-borated) water for cooling during normal operation and cool highly borated water for emergency cooling and reactor shutdown are separated by an insulated wall during normal reactor operation with contact between the two water volumes being maintained at interfaces near the top and bottom ends of the reactor vessel. Means are provided for balancing the pressure of the two volumes at the lower interface zone during normal operation to prevent entry of the cool borated water into the reactor core region, for detecting the onset of excessive power to coolant flow conditions in the reactor core and for detecting low water levels of reactor coolant. Cool borated water is permitted to flow into the reactor core when low reactor coolant levels or excessive power to coolant flow conditions are encountered.

Forsberg, Charles W. (Kingston, TN)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Boiling water neutronic reactor incorporating a process inherent safety design  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A boiling-water reactor core is positioned within a prestressed concrete reactor vessel of a size which will hold a supply of coolant water sufficient to submerge and cool the reactor core by boiling for a period of at least one week after shutdown. Separate volumes of hot, clean (nonborated) water for cooling during normal operation and cool highly borated water for emergency cooling and reactor shutdown are separated by an insulated wall during normal reactor operation with contact between the two water volumes being maintained at interfaces near the top and bottom ends of the reactor vessel. Means are provided for balancing the pressure of the two water volumes at the lower interface zone during normal operation to prevent entry of the cool borated water into the reactor core region, for detecting the onset of excessive power to coolant flow conditions in the reactor core and for detecting low water levels of reactor coolant. Cool borated water is permitted to flow into the reactor core when low reactor coolant levels or excessive power to coolant flow conditions are encountered.

Forsberg, C.W.

1985-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

424

Integrated Modeling of Building Energy Requirements Incorporating Solar Assisted Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1). SoCalGas (Southern California Gas Company), ScheduleGT-10. Southern California Gas Company Rate Schedules.L. , et al. 2002. The California Climate Action Registry:

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Green Power Network: Events Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Events Events Search Search Help More Search Options Search Site Map RFP Archive Events Archive We post these past events regarding renewable energy generation, renewable energy certificates, and green power as a courtesy to our web site visitors. Unless otherwise noted, the following events and accompanying presentations are neither supported nor endorsed by the U.S. Department of Energy, Green Power Network. Date and Location Event August 20, 2013 Webinar - Including Solar Resources in Green Pricing Programs: Lessons from Leading Programs This webinar explored green pricing programs. Utility product managers Wade Hughes from Sacramento Municipal Utility District and Jennifer Lynn Wright from Tennessee Valley Authority spoke about the rational for modifying the product mix, the process for including more solar, and challenges they faced. SMUD and TVA were recently recognized as the top two programs incorporating solar into their green power supply, using 14.5% and 5.9% solar in 2012, respectively.

426

Natural Gas - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S. Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

23, 2012 | Release Date: May 24, 23, 2012 | Release Date: May 24, 2012 | Next Release: May 31, 2012 Previous Issues Week: 01/19/2014 (View Archive) JUMP TO: In The News | Overview | Prices/Demand/Supply | Storage In the News: Natural Gas Rig Count Briefly Drops Below 600. The natural gas rotary rig count, as reported by Baker Hughes Incorporated, rose by 2 this week to 600, after falling to a 10-year low of 598 last week. After increasing modestly to 936 active rigs in the fall of 2011, the natural gas rig count has dropped sharply. The oil rig count, currently at 1,382, has generally risen steadily since 2009, largely in response to increasing crude oil prices. Natural gas rigs are currently down about 31 percent from their level at the same time last year, while oil rigs have risen by 45 percent over the

427

Safety System Oversight Workshop (May 12-13, 2010) - Agenda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Opening Remarks James Heffner, Facility Representative Program Manager Earl Hughes, Safety System Oversight Program Manager Office of Nuclear Safety Policy and Assistance Office...

428

Complement activation in the injured central nervous system: another dual-edged sword?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ramaglia V, Hughes TR, Donev RM, Ruseva MM, Wu X, HuitingaHeurich B, El Idrissi NB, Donev RM, Petri S, Claus P, Neal

Brennan, Faith H; Anderson, Aileen J; Taylor, Stephen M; Woodruff, Trent M; Ruitenberg, Marc J

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Journal of Energy & Environmental Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

anced Resources International, Inc. Hugh D. Guthrie U.S. Depa rtment of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory Journal Papers-Modeling 87 Engineering Feasibility of CO 2...

430

NETL F 451.1-1/1 Categorical Exclusion (CX) Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tech. Div 2009 S. Richardson 10012009 through 09302013 Hugh Howell Rd., Tucker, GA E85 (Ethanol) Retail Fueling Infrastructure Installation Provide a retail-public accessible...

431

Marriage, Motherhood and Masculinity in the Global Economy: Reconfigurations of Personal and Economic Life  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the world, led to the liberalisation of their economies andmarkets and the liberalisation of trade have increased the24; Hughes 2005). The liberalisation of sexual mores is

Kabeer, Naila

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Presented at HALON OPTIONS TECHNICAL WORKING ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The internal measurements were taken by Hughes Associates, Inc. using a KVB/Analect Diamond 20 FTIR with calcium fluoride (CaF2) windows. ...

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

433

Other Innovative Storage Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High Efficiency Electrical Energy Storage Using Reversible Solid Oxide Cells: Scott Barnett1; Gareth Hughes1; Kyle Yakal-Kremski1; Zhan Gao1; 1 Northwestern...

434

AEROSPACE TECHNOLOGY REVIEW FOR LBL WINDOW/PASSIVE SOLAR PROGRAM FINAL REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computer ram for Design Performance Analysis of Navigationram, see the attached Hughe s pamphle t ( Appendix F), One window arrangement chosen for an analysis

Viswanathan, R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Daylighting field study : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

mockup to develop our thinking and to evaluate a few examples of automated faade management and daylight harvesting systems." - Glenn Hughes, Director of Construction, The New...

436

Impact of aerosol on mixed-phase stratocumulus during MPACE in...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

during MPACE in a mesoscale model with two-moment microphysics Morrison, Hugh MMMASP National Center for Atmospheric Research Pinto, James University of Colorado Curry,...

437

Dynamic Recrystallization in Titanium Alloy TA-15: A Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 12, 2009... M. Peters, Titanium and titanium alloys: fundamentals and applications, ... Darcy A. Hughes and Niels Hansen, ASM Handbook Volume 9:...

438

State of the InstituteState of the Institute --Today,Today, October 16, 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

methanotrophs. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 2008, 74 (5), 1305-1315. (33) DeVaull, G.; McHugh, T. E.; Newberry, P

Li, Mo

439

Microsoft Word - toc.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Louise Jones San Juan County Monticello, UT Utah Department of Transportation UDOT Price District Director Hugh Kirkham UDOT Price, UT UDOT Monticello Station Supervisor Chet...

440

CECM - EVENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. 1:30 PM, Wednesday, June 14, 2000, UBC, Math Annex 1102. Hugh Montgomery. University of Michigan. Greedy sums of distinct squares. Abstract...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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441

Sustainability and Transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pdf/Hughes_D_NatGas_Boston_2006. pdf> Idaho.2005. Idaho Bicycle and Pedestrian Program.Boise, Idaho: Idaho Transportation Department [cited 13

Gilbert, Richard

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

The 1995 Electronic Materials Conference Program Sessions - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... by Material and Implementation Issues: Takyiu Liu, Chanh Nguyen, and Hsiang-Chih Sun, Hughes Research Laboratories, RL 61, 3011 Malibu Canyon Road,...

443

Bridging The Gap 2013 | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hughes Session Two: Innovations in Advanced Materials Briefings on capabilities in additive manufacturing and carbon fiber composites Overview, Craig Blue Additive...

444

NISTIR 7564, Directions in Security Metrics Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... [Car08] Lawrence Carin, George Cybenko, Jeff Hughes, Cybersecurity Strategies: The ... 20 Page 26. [Sal09] Felix Salmon, Recipe for Disaster: The ...

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Quantum cryptography for security challenges to be topic of Frontiers...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Science lectures Quantum cryptography for security challenges to be topic of Frontiers in Science lectures Richard Hughes discusses the basics of cryptography and...

446

Incorporating Environmental Public HealthIncorporating Environmental Public Health Indicators into Cumulative Risk Scores toIndicators into Cumulative Risk Scores to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-vectoring mosquitoes) separate from the risks and benefits of other pesticides (such as those used on field crops. Similarly, analysis of other pesticides will focus on the impacts on other user groups and related effects to determine whether the pesticide will remain effective for at least five years. EPA also requires

447

Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration ... Energy use in homes, commercial buildings, ... crude oil benchmarks fell in September.

448

Concerning "Modeling" of Computer Security D. Elliott Bell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

understanding of atoms fell short. Quantum mechanics was required to deal with atomic and nuclear phenomena

Li, Ninghui

449

The California Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandate: A Study of the Policy Process, 1990-2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hybrid electric vehicles (that fell in the category of advanced-technology partial zero emission vehicles

Collantes, Gustavo O

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

NIL PHENOMENA IN TOPOLOGY (1415 APRIL 2007) VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY (NASHVILLE, TN U.S.A.)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Consider the cartesian square Z[G] // Z[G]/ // /n. 1 #12;2 B. HUGHES, Q. KHAN (ORGANIZERS); I. HAMBLETONNIL PHENOMENA IN TOPOLOGY (14­15 APRIL 2007) VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY (NASHVILLE, TN U.S.A.) PROBLEM SESSION BRUCE HUGHES, QAYUM KHAN (ORGANIZERS) IAN HAMBLETON (MODERATOR) IO. (Ivonne Ortiz, Miami of Ohio

Hughes, Bruce

451

A graphical technique for explaining the relationship between energy security and greenhouse gas emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and greenhouse gas emissions Larry Hughes and Nikita Sheth Energy Research Group Department of Electrical the relationship between energy security and greenhouse gas emissions Larry Hughes and Nikita Sheth Abstract and the differences between energy security and greenhouse gas emissions. This paper presents a graphical technique

Hughes, Larry

452

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11 - 13820 of 28,905 results. 11 - 13820 of 28,905 results. Download FIA-12-0010- In the Matter of Hughes Socol Piers Resnick DYM, Ltd. Hughes Socol Piers Resnick DYM, Ltd. (Hughes Socol) appealed a determination issued to it on February 15, 2012, by the Chicago Office of the Department of Energy (DOE). The Chicago Office had responded to a request that Hughes Socol had filed under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), 5 U.S.C. § 552, as implemented by the DOE in 10 C.F.R. Part 1004. The Chicago Office had identified eight responsive documents, but it withheld them under FOIA Exemption 4. This appeal, if granted, would require the Chicago Office to release the withheld information to Hughes Socol. http://energy.gov/node/387739 Download FIA-12-0049- In the Matter of William B. Ray On October 1, 2012, OHA denied an Appeal filed by William B. Ray under the

453

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS PETITION FOR ADVANCE WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS BY BAKER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BAKER BAKER HUGHES OILFIELD OPERATIONS INC ("BAKER HUGHES") UNDER DOE AWARD NO. DE-FG36-08G018186 BETWEEN BAKER HUGHES AND DOE; W(A)2009-009; CH-1487 The Petitioner, Baker Hughes, has requested a waiver of domestic and certain foreign patent rights for all subject inventions that may be conceived or first actually reduced to practice by Baker Hughes arising from its participation under the above referenced DOE Award entitled "Geothermal Ultrasonic Fracture Imager." The objective of the project is development of an ultrasonic borehole televiewer that can operate at temperatures as high as 300°C and in depths as great as 10,000 meters. The proposed tool will provide a means to detect fractures in subsurface areas to aid in the development of geothermal resources. This project will be completed in

454

Mechanism of hydrogen incorporation in coal liquefaction: Fifteenth report, progress as of March 31, 1995  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The authors continued work on the reaction of deuterium with coal model materials. Their recent efforts have emphasized models in which organic compounds are immobilized on the surface of silica. They have also carried out some studies on the effect of silica itself on the reaction with deuterium. Work in progress and results are described for the subtask entitled, Silica-catalyzed hydrogenations of alkenes.

NONE

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Incorporating Variable Generation and Controllable Loads into Risk-Based Transmission Planning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the penetration and size of renewable generation resources increase, transmission infrastructure must be expanded to accommodate increasing renewable resource output. Conventional transmission expansion planning requires sufficient transmission capacities to transfer the full name-plate capacity of all power plants at the same time to load centers. However, renewable resources, such as wind and solar, have highly variable output and are spatially diversified. Thus, transmission expansion planning with...

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

456

Incorporation of parametric uncertainty into complex kinetic mechanisms: Application to hydrogen oxidation in supercritical water  

SciTech Connect

In this study, uncertainty analysis is applied to a supercritical water hydrogen oxidation mechanism to determine the effect of uncertainties in reaction rate constants and species thermochemistry on predicted species concentrations. Forward rate constants and species thermochemistry are assumed to be the sole contributors to uncertainty in the reaction model with all other model parameters and inputs treated as deterministic quantities. Uncertainty propagation is performed using traditional Monte Carlo (MC) simulation and a new, more computationally efficient, probabilistic collocation method called the Deterministic Equivalent Modeling Method (DEMM). The results of both analyses show that there is considerable uncertainty in all predicted species concentrations. The predicted H{sub 2} and O{sub 2} concentrations vary {+-}70% from their median values. Similarly, the HO{sub 2} concentration ranges from +90 to {minus}70% of its median, while the H{sub 2}O{sub 2} concentration varies by +180 to {minus}80%. In addition, the DEMM methodology identified two key model parameters, the standard-state heat of formation of HO{sub 2} radical and the forward rate constant for H{sub 2}O{sub 2} dissociation, as the largest contributors to the uncertainty in the predicted hydrogen and oxygen species concentrations. The analyses further show that the change in model predictions due to the inclusion of real-gas effects, which are potentially important for SCWO process modeling, is small relative to the uncertainty introduced by the model parameters themselves.

Phenix, B.D.; Dinaro, J.L.; Tatang, M.A.; Tester, J.W.; Howard, J.B.; McRae, G.J. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Energy Lab.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Analysis of single ion channel data incorporating time-interval omission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Xm iZ1 Bikðt?lt i for tO0; where Bik(t) is a polynomial in t of degree k with coefficients Cikr , so Bikðt? Z Xk rZ0 Cikrtr : The coefficients Cikr are nO!nO-matrices. Proof. The proof is by induction over{zfflfflfflfflfflfflfflfflfflffl} ð?? ! Clt i Xk rZ0 Cikr Xt t0Z0 t0r |fflfflffl{zfflfflffl} ð??? ! : If the terms (?) and (??

Timmer, Jens

458

Incorporating Hurricane Forecast Uncertainty into a Decision Support Application for Power Outage Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A variety of decision-support systems, such as those employed by energy and utility companies, use the National Hurricane Center (NHC) forecasts of track and intensity to inform operational decision-making as a hurricane approaches. Track and intensity ...

Steven M. Quiring; Andrea B. Schumacher; Seth D. Guikema

459

Immigrant Organizations in the United States: Transnationalism, Community Building, and Immigrant Incorporation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

organizations through: a) Chinese language business directories andOrganizations Confederate General Total Subtotal Total Source: Compiled by the authors from telephone directories,

Zhou, Min; Lee, Rennie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Incorporating semantic knowledge into dynamic data processing for smart power grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Semantic Web allows us to model and query time-invariant or slowly evolving knowledge using ontologies. Emerging applications in Cyber Physical Systems such as Smart Power Grids that require continuous information monitoring and integration present novel ... Keywords: complex event processing, semantic web, smart grid

Qunzhi Zhou; Yogesh Simmhan; Viktor Prasanna

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Incorporating Demand Resources into ISO New Englands Forward Capacity Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Forward Capacity Market was developed by ISO New England, the six New England states, and industry stakeholders to promote investment in demand- and supply-side resources. Under the new FCM design, ISO New England will project the needs of the power system three years in advance and then hold an annual auction to purchase the power resources that will satisfy the future regional requirements. ISO New England submitted a filing with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) in November of 2007 that defined 6,102 megawatts (MW) of new demand- and supply-side resources now eligible to compete in the market. Approximately 40 percentor 2,483 MWof the new, qualified projects are demand-side resources such as demand response, energy efficiency, load management, and distributed generation. Energy efficiency projects make up over 590 MW of that total.

Winkler, E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Computation of Dancoff Factors for Fuel Elements Incorporating Randomly Packed TRISO Particles  

SciTech Connect

A new method for estimating the Dancoff factors in pebble beds has been developed and implemented within two computer codes. The first of these codes, INTRAPEB, is used to compute Dancoff factors for individual pebbles taking into account the random packing of TRISO particles within the fuel zone of the pebble and explicitly accounting for the finite geometry of the fuel kernels. The second code, PEBDAN, is used to compute the pebble-to-pebble contribution to the overall Dancoff factor. The latter code also accounts for the finite size of the reactor vessel and for the proximity of reflectors, as well as for fluctuations in the pebble packing density that naturally arises in pebble beds.

J. L. Kloosterman; Abderrafi M. Ougouag

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Incorporating uncertainty in vehicle miles traveled projections of the National Energy Modeling System.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computational model that forecasts the production, consumption, and prices of energy in the United States. Although NEMS (more)

Poetting, David Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Finite-volume model for chemical vapor infiltration incorporating radiant heat transfer. Interim report  

SciTech Connect

Most finite-volume thermal models account for the diffusion and convection of heat and may include volume heating. However, for certain simulation geometries, a large percentage of heat flux is due to thermal radiation. In this paper a finite-volume computational procedure for the simulation of heat transfer by conduction, convection and radiation in three dimensional complex enclosures is developed. The radiant heat transfer is included as a source term in each volume element which is derived by Monte Carlo ray tracing from all possible radiating and absorbing faces. The importance of radiative heat transfer is illustrated in the modeling of chemical vapor infiltration (CVI) of tubes. The temperature profile through the tube preform matches experimental measurements only when radiation is included. An alternative, empirical approach using an {open_quotes}effective{close_quotes} thermal conductivity for the gas space can match the initial temperature profile but does not match temperature changes that occur during preform densification.

Smith, A.W.; Starr, T.L. [Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States). School of Materials Science and Engineering

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

A traceability system incorporating 2D barcode and RFID technology for wheat flour mills  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wheat flour undergoes several processing steps in its transformation from raw wheat in the mill, which differentiates wheat flour from other farm products. At each step, various wheat sources are combined into one batch of wheat flour. This study primarily ... Keywords: 2D barcode, RFID, Supply chain, Traceability, Wheat flour

Jian-Ping Qian; Xin-Ting Yang; Xiao-Ming Wu; Li Zhao; Bei-Lei Fan; Bin Xing

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Enhanced carbon dioxide capture upon incorporation of -dimethylethylenediamine in the metalorganic framework CuBTTri  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Res. 2010, 49, 11689­11696. (75) Kizzie, A. C.; Wong-Foy, A. G.; Matzger, A. J. Langmuir 2011, 27

467

Continuous reservoir simulation incorporating uncertainty quantification and real-time data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A significant body of work has demonstrated both the promise and difficulty of quantifying uncertainty in reservoir simulation forecasts. It is generally accepted that accurate and complete quantification of uncertainty should lead to better decision making and greater profitability. Many of the techniques presented in past work attempt to quantify uncertainty without sampling the full parameter space, saving on the number of simulation runs, but inherently limiting and biasing the uncertainty quantification in the resulting forecasts. In addition, past work generally has looked at uncertainty in synthetic models and does not address the practical issues of quantifying uncertainty in an actual field. Both of these issues must be addressed in order to rigorously quantify uncertainty in practice. In this study a new approach to reservoir simulation is taken whereby the traditional one-time simulation study is replaced with a new continuous process potentially spanning the life of the reservoir. In this process, reservoir models are generated and run 24 hours a day, seven days a week, allowing many more runs than previously possible and yielding a more thorough exploration of possible reservoir descriptions. In turn, more runs enabled better estimates of uncertainty in resulting forecasts. A new technology to allow this process to run continuously with little human interaction is real-time production and pressure data, which can be automatically integrated into runs. Two tests of this continuous simulation process were conducted. The first test was conducted on the Production with Uncertainty Quantification (PUNQ) synthetic reservoir. Comparison of our results with previous studies shows that the continuous approach gives consistent and reasonable estimates of uncertainty. The second study was conducted in real time on a live field. This study demonstrates the continuous simulation process and shows that it is feasible and practical for real world applications.

Holmes, Jay Cuthbert

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Incorporating operational flexibility into electric generation planning : impacts and methods for system design and policy analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation demonstrates how flexibility in hourly electricity operations can impact long-term planning and analysis for future power systems, particularly those with substantial variable renewables (e.g., wind) or ...

Palmintier, Bryan S. (Bryan Stephen)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Incorporating Life Cycle Assessment into the LEED Green Building Rating System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

........................................................................... 34 3.6.3 Selection of Specific Building Products from a Database EnergyStar, R2000 and EnerGuide, are listed as `ecolabels'. Ecolabels certify a product based is a comprehensive, publicly available LCI database developed using standardized data collection methodologies

Victoria, University of

470

Incorporating Ice Crystal Scattering Databases in the Simulation of Millimeter-Wavelength Radar Reflectivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Canadian CloudSat/CloudAerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) Validation Project (C3VP) was designed to acquire aircraft, surface, and satellite observations of particle size distributions during cold season ...

Andrew L. Molthan; Walter A. Petersen

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

INPE-15393-NTC/376 INCORPORATION OF THE UK MET OFFICE'S RADIATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;Electromagnetic Laboratory, Department of Eletrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL

Barbosa, Henrique

472

Intern experience at MEL, Incorporated, Inc., Baton Rouge, Louisiana: an intern report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As a requirement of the Doctor of Engineering program, the author spent a one year internship at MEL, Inc., an engineering consulting firm located in Baton Roughe, Louisiana. During this period, he was responsible for the following assignments: 1. specifying the appropriate computer to implement an existing financial management system, 2. developing a "Project Management Quality Control Manual" which contains guidelines and checklists for the management and administration of a project from conception through completion, 3. designing the mechanical systems on a lift span bridge to be constructed over Bayou Grain Caillou in Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana, 4. serving as project manager on three projects, 5. developing computer programs for billing clients and keeping drafting time records, and 6. particiipating in contract negotiations, fee proposal preparation, and Management Committee meetings. These assignments exposed the author to a broad spectrum of both technical and managerial problems and practices. The internship experience proved to be a valuable part of his overall education.

Morgan, James Oliver, 1939-

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Catalytic performance of vanadium incorporated MCM-41 catalysts for the partial oxidation of methane to formaldehyde  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

steam reforming of methane to syngas (CO and H2), (ii) high pressure conversion to methanol and (iii disadvantages, e.g. the energy requirements of the endothermic steam reforming of the first step, the high of methane to formaldehyde Guoan Du, Sangyun Lim, Yanhui Yang, Chuan Wang, Lisa Pfefferle, Gary L. Haller

Haller, Gary L.

474

SOLERAS - Solar Controlled Environment Agriculture Project. Final report, Volume 5. Science Applications, Incorporated system requirements definition  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report sets forth the system requirements for a Solar Controlled-Environment Agriculture System (SCEAS) Project. In the report a conceptual baseline system description for an engineering test facility is given. This baseline system employs a fluid roof/roof filter in combination with a large storage tank and a ground water heat exchanger in order to provide cooling and heating as needed. Desalination is accomplished by pretreatment followed by reverse osmosis. Energy is provided by means of photovoltaics and wind machines in conjunction with storage batteries. Site and climatic data needed in the design process are given. System performance specifications and integrated system design criteria are set forth. Detailed subsystem design criteria are presented and appropriate references documented.

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Incorporating Biodiversity Impact into Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Woodchips for Bioethanol Production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A clean and sustainable source of energy is important for the development of a nation. The replacement of fossil fuels with renewable energy is an (more)

Neupane, Binod

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Progress report on the development of Triad Research Incorporated's H-E Process  

SciTech Connect

The development of a high yield shale conversion technology - the Hydrogenation-Extraction (H-E) Process is described. Development of this technology stems from the long-term interest and involvement in shale oil development. Subsequently, a contract was let to develop an economically viable conversion process. Currently the program to develop this technology is in the pilot plant construction phase. Start-up of a one-barrel per day plant is scheduled for June, 1985. Laboratory work indicates that the H-E Process can efficiently provide 200 to 250% of currently obtainable liquid yields with significantly lower capital requirements than required by conventional retort technologies. Preliminary discussions directed toward marketing H-E Process technology with some state, federal and private organizations were conducted, and a high yield of interest was shown. These discussions indicate that a great potential exists to sub-license the technology on a world-wide basis. Supported by a preliminary survey, it is intended to market commercial test programs required to sub-license use of the H-E Process.

Addington, R.R.; Damukaitis, J.B.; Wilmot, D.A.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

A grammar-driven knowledge acquisition tool that incorporates constraint propagation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To acquire knowledge that is fit for a specific purpose, it is very desirable to have a structured, declarative expression of the knowledge that is needed. This paper introduces a stand-alone knowledge acquisition tool, called COCKATOO (Constraint-Capable ... Keywords: SCREAMER+, constraint-augmented grammars, constraints, formal grammars, knowledge acquisition

Simon White; Derek Sleeman

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Incorporating knowledge of topology improves reconstruction of interaction networks from microarray data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reconstruction of biological interaction networks from high-throughput experimental data is one of the most challenging problems in bioinformatics.These networks have specific topologies, whose characteristics aredefined by evolutionary relationships ... Keywords: co-expression network, gene expression, gene ontology, network topology, rank-based algorithm

Peter Larsen; Eyad Almasri; Guanrao Chen; Yang Dai

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Fuzzy linear programming based optimal fuel scheduling incorporating blending/transloading facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the blending/transloading facilities are modeled using an interactive fuzzy linear programming (FLP), in order to allow the decision-maker to solve the problem of uncertainty of input information within the fuel scheduling optimization. An interactive decision-making process is formulated in which decision-maker can learn to recognize good solutions by considering all possibilities of fuzziness. The application of the fuzzy formulation is accompanied by a careful examination of the definition of fuzziness, appropriateness of the membership function and interpretation of results. The proposed concept provides a decision support system with integration-oriented features, whereby the decision-maker can learn to recognize the relative importance of factors in the specific domain of optimal fuel scheduling (OFS) problem. The formulation of a fuzzy linear programming problem to obtain a reasonable nonfuzzy solution under consideration of the ambiguity of parameters, represented by fuzzy numbers, is introduced. An additional advantage of the FLP formulation is its ability to deal with multi-objective problems.

Djukanovic, M.; Babic, B.; Milosevic, B. [Electrical Engineering Inst. Nikola Tesla, Belgrade (Yugoslavia); Sobajic, D.J. [EPRI, Palo Alto, CA (United States). Power System Control; Pao, Y.H. [Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States)]|[AI WARE, Inc., Cleveland, OH (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Incorporating modern development and evaluation techniques into the creation of large-scale, spacecraft control software  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the major challenges facing the development of today's safety- and mission-critical space systems involves the construction of software to support the goals and objectives of these missions, especially those associated ...

Weiss, Kathryn Anne, 1979-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hughes incorporated fell" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Incorporating the past into one's future : a framework for conservation and economic development in Guayaquil, Ecuador  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conservation and revitalization efforts in Latin America have been typically centered on the preservation of individual monuments and historic buildings. This approach has recently led to the development of more integrated ...

Little, Kristin S., 1968-

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Integrated Modeling of Building Energy Requirements IncorporatingSolar Assisted Cooling  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper expands on prior Berkeley Lab work on integrated simulation of building energy systems by the addition of active solar thermal collecting devices, technology options not previously considered (Siddiqui et al 2005). Collectors can be used as an alternative or additional source of hot water to heat recovery from reciprocating engines or microturbines. An example study is presented that evaluates the operation of solar assisted cooling at a large mail sorting facility in southern California with negligible heat loads and year-round cooling loads. Under current conditions solar thermal energy collection proves an unattractive option, but is a viable carbon emission control strategy.

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2005-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

483

Incorporating stochastic influences in assembly models: application to intermediate filament polymerisation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The focus of this thesis is the inclusion of stochasticity into mathematical models of assembly with particular interest to the in vitro polymerisation of intermediate (more)

Craig, Morgan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Stability of uranium incorporated into Fe(hydr)oxides under fluctuating redox conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the groundwater of a uranium mine. Science of the TotalH. Speciation of uranium in seepage waters of a mine tailingUranium has been found in association with iron and phosphate mineral phases at Oak Ridge, TN nuclear reservation (25) and in mine

Stewart, B.D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

A practical method for incorporating Real Options analysis into US federal benefit-cost analysis procedures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research identifies how Real Options (RO) thinking might acceptably and effectively complement the current mandates for Benefit-Cost Analysis (BCA) defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in Circular A-94. ...

Rivey, Darren

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Clustering incorporating shortest paths identifies relevant modules in functional interaction networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many biological systems can be modeled as networks. Hence, network analysis is of increasing importance to systems biology. We describe an evolutionary algorithm for selecting clusters of nodes within a large network based upon network topology together ...

Jennifer Hallinan; Matthew Pocock; Stephen Addinall; David A. Lydall; Anil Wipat

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Incorporating Voltage Fluctuations of the Power Distribution Network into the Transient Analysis of CMOS Logic Gates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decreased power supply levels have reduced the tolerance to voltage changes within power distribution networks in CMOS integrated circuits. High on-chip currents, required to charge and discharge large on-chip loads while operating at high frequencies, ... Keywords: IR drops, power distribution network, system-on-a-chip

Kevin T. Tang; Eby G. Friedman

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Multi-piece wind turbine rotor blades and wind turbines incorporating same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multisection blade for a wind turbine includes a hub extender having a pitch bearing at one end, a skirt or fairing having a hole therethrough and configured to mount over the hub extender, and an outboard section configured to couple to the pitch bearing.

Moroz; Emilian Mieczyslaw (San Diego, CA)

2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

489

Voltage Stability Analysis of a Distributed Network Incorporating Wind Power Resource  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the impacts of a wind farm connected at Harterbeespoort substation in South Africa on voltage stability of the power network. The site wind speed was determined and analyzed for viability. A comparison is made between the use ...

Denis Juma; Bessie Monchusi; Josiah Munda; Adisa Jimoh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Incorporation of phenomenological uncertainties in probabilistic safety analysis - application to LMFBR core disruptive accident energetics  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a method for quantifying frequency and consequence uncertainty distribution associated with core disruptive accidents (CDAs). The method was developed to estimate the frequency and magnitude of energy impacting the reactor vessel head of the Clinch River Breeder Plant (CRBRP) given the occurrence of hypothetical CDAs. The methodology is illustrated using the CRBR example.

Najafi, B.; Theofanous, T.G.; Rumble, E.T.; Atefi, B.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Incorporating Plastic Collapse into the Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics Methodology in Determining Crack Propagation Lifetimes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fusion MaterialsRadiation Effects and Activation / Proceedings of the Seveth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (Reno, Nevada, June 1519, 1986)

B. B. Glasgow; W. G. Wolfer

492

Evidence and belief in regulatory decisions - Incorporating expected utility into decision modelling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent changes in the assessment and management of risks has had the effect that greater importance has been placed on relationships between individuals and within groups to inform decision making. In this paper, we provide the theoretical underpinning ... Keywords: Decision support, Evidence support logic, Expected utility, Group decision making, Risk, TESLATM, Uncertainty

J. Li; G. J. Davies; G. Kendall; E. Soane; R. Bai; S. A. Rocks; S. J. T. Pollard

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

ITS Decision Enhancements: Developing Case-Based Reasoning and Expert Systems and Incorporating New Material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

delay. According to Weatherford, the Denver Regionalof customer complaints (Weatherford, 2000). RTD also saw abuses with longer headway Weatherford, Denver, CO 21 percent

Dahlgren, Joy; Khattak, Asad; McDonough, Patrick; Banerjee, Ipsita; Orrick, Phyllis; Sharafsaleh, Ashkan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z