National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for hospital northwood ha6

  1. Northwoods | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Northwoods Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Northwoods Name: Northwoods Address: The Old Stables Grey's Yard Place: Morpeth, Northumberland, UK Zip: NE61 1QD Number of Employees:...

  2. Northwood, New Hampshire: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Northwood, New Hampshire: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 43.194249, -71.1508969 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappi...

  3. Hospital Renovations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hospitals have a range of energy needs that vary from a typical building, and a number of renewable energy options may make more sense for a hospital, including process and biomass heating, photovoltaics (PV), and sustainability.

  4. Good Samaritan Hospital`s energy efficiency improvements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sterrett, R.; Dobberpuhl, W.; Gernet, B.; O`Brien, T.

    1995-06-01

    Arizona Public Service (APS) encourages its customers to use energy wisely by providing incentives to install energy efficient systems. APS provided an incentive to the Good Samaritan Hospital, located in Phoenix, Arizona, to install a Waste Heat Recovery Unit and an Economizer Cooling System to improve the performance of the hospital`s central plant. Waste heat recovered from the boilers stacks is used to preheat combustion air and boiler feed water. The Economizer Cooling System uses a plate and frame heat exchanger to cool the hospital with cold water produced by the cooling tower rather than an electrical chiller. To determine the effectiveness of these two systems APS initiated a project to monitor their performance. Alternative Energy Systems Consulting, Inc. (AESC) has installed instrumentation to monitor the performance of the above systems and will document their energy savings and effectiveness at reducing energy costs.

  5. Integrating Federal Resources for High Performance Hospitals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2008-08-01

    A postcard describing DOE and EPA resources targeted to hospital architects, facility managers, and corporate leadership at each stage of the hospital design and operation process.

  6. Researching Energy Use in Hospitals

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Historically, when hospital facility and energy managers have compared alternative energy efficiency investments for various end-use systems, their benchmarks have been limited to end-use estimates...

  7. Healthcare Energy: Massachusetts General Hospital Gray Building

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Building Technologies Office conducted a healthcare energy end-use monitoring project in partnership with two hospitals. This page contains highlights from monitoring at the Gray Building at Massachusetts General Hospital.

  8. 2007 CBECS Large Hospital Building List of Tables

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in Large Hospitals Table H4: Lighting and Window Features in Large Hospitals Table H5: Major Fuels Usage for Large Hospitals Table H6: Electricity Usage for Large Hospitals...

  9. Fort Boise Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Fort Boise Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Fort Boise Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature...

  10. Indian Valley Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Indian Valley Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Indian...

  11. Warm Springs State Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    State Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Warm Springs State Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  12. Surprise Valley Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Surprise Valley Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Surprise Valley Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

  13. St. Mary's Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name St. Mary's Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility St....

  14. Marlin Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Marlin Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Marlin Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Marlin...

  15. Modesto Memorial Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Memorial Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Modesto Memorial Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  16. Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Resource Guide for Hospital Applications...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Power (CHP) Resource Guide for Hospital Applications, 2007 Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Resource Guide for Hospital Applications, 2007 The objective of this 2007 guidebook is to ...

  17. Jackson Park Hospital Green Building Medical Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    William Dorsey; Nelson Vasquez

    2010-03-01

    Jackson Park Hospital completed the construction of a new Medical Office Building on its campus this spring. The new building construction has adopted the City of Chicago�s recent focus on protecting the environment, and conserving energy and resources, with the introduction of green building codes. Located in a poor, inner city neighborhood on the South side of Chicago, Jackson Park Hospital has chosen green building strategies to help make the area a better place to live and work.

  18. PRE-HOSPITAL PRACTICES FOR HANDLING A RADIOLOGICALLY CONTAMINATED PATIENT

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Pre-hospital Practices for Handling a Pre-hospital Practices for Handling a Pre-hospital Practices for Handling a Pre-hospital Practices for Handling a Pre-hospital Practices for Handling a Radiologically Contaminated Patient Radiologically Contaminated Patient Radiologically Contaminated Patient Radiologically Contaminated Patient Radiologically Contaminated Patient DISCLAIMER DISCLAIMER DISCLAIMER DISCLAIMER DISCLAIMER Viewing this video and completing the enclosed printed study material do

  19. Hospital Sterile Processing | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Researches Use of Robots for Hospital Sterile Processing Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) GE Researches Use of Robots for Hospital Sterile Processing GE principal investigator Lynn DeRose discusses the robotic automation system that GE Global Research is starting to build with the U.S. Veteran's

  20. ORISE Resources: Hospital All-Hazards Self-Assessment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    partners with CDC to develop Hospital All-Hazards Self-Assessment to identify gaps in planning efforts The Hospital All-Hazards Self-Assessment, or HAH, is designed to help...

  1. Coordinating Pediatric Medical Care during an Influenza Pandemic - Hospital Workbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HCTT CHE

    2010-01-01

    This workbook is intended to assist hospitals with coordinating medical care for pediatric influenza-like illness across their community.

  2. Rebuilding it Better: Greensburg, Kansas, Kiowa County Memorial Hospital

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (Brochure) (Revised) | Department of Energy it Better: Greensburg, Kansas, Kiowa County Memorial Hospital (Brochure) (Revised) Rebuilding it Better: Greensburg, Kansas, Kiowa County Memorial Hospital (Brochure) (Revised) This brochure details the sustainable and green aspects of the LEED Platinum-designed Kiowa County Memorial Hospital in Greensburg, Kansas. PDF icon 47461.pdf More Documents & Publications Rebuilding it Better: Greensburg, Kansas, Kiowa County Memorial Hospital

  3. 2007 CBECS Large Hospital Building Methodology Report

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Methodology Report Main Report | Methodology | FAQ | List of Tables CBECS 2007 - Release date: August 17, 2012 Data Collection The data in the Energy Characteristics and Energy Consumed in Large Hospital Buildings in the United States in 2007 report and accompanying tables were collected in the 2007 round of the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS). CBECS is a quadrennial survey is conducted by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide basic statistical information

  4. ORISE Resources: Hospital All-Hazards Self-Assessment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    partners with CDC to develop Hospital All-Hazards Self-Assessment to identify gaps in planning efforts The Hospital All-Hazards Self-Assessment, or HAH, is designed to help hospitals assess and identify potential gaps in their facility's all-hazards emergency plan(s). Upon completing the HAH, hospitals can use it to modify aspects of these plan(s). Hospitals are encouraged to update the HAH as changes to the plan(s) are made, and to include the HAH with their preparedness planning documents. The

  5. Jackson Park Hospital Green Building Medical Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    William Dorsey; Nelson Vasquez

    2010-03-31

    Jackson Park Hospital completed the construction of a new Medical Office Building on its campus this spring. The new building construction has adopted the City of Chicago's recent focus on protecting the environment, and conserving energy and resources, with the introduction of green building codes. Located in a poor, inner city neighborhood on the South side of Chicago, Jackson Park Hospital has chosen green building strategies to help make the area a better place to live and work. The new green building houses the hospital's Family Medicine Residency Program and Specialty Medical Offices. The residency program has been vital in attracting new, young physicians to this medically underserved area. The new outpatient center will also help to allure needed medical providers to the community. The facility also has areas designated to women's health and community education. The Community Education Conference Room will provide learning opportunities to area residents. Emphasis will be placed on conserving resources and protecting our environment, as well as providing information on healthcare access and preventive medicine. The new Medical Office Building was constructed with numerous energy saving features. The exterior cladding of the building is an innovative, locally-manufactured precast concrete panel system with integral insulation that achieves an R-value in excess of building code requirements. The roof is a 'green roof' covered by native plantings, lessening the impact solar heat gain on the building, and reducing air conditioning requirements. The windows are low-E, tinted, and insulated to reduce cooling requirements in summer and heating requirements in winter. The main entrance has an air lock to prevent unconditioned air from entering the building and impacting interior air temperatures. Since much of the traffic in and out of the office building comes from the adjacent Jackson Park Hospital, a pedestrian bridge connects the two buildings, further decreasing the amount of unconditioned air that enters the office building. The HVAC system has an Energy Efficiency Rating 29% greater than required. No CFC based refrigerants were used in the HVAC system, thus reducing the emission of compounds that contribute to ozone depletion and global warming. In addition, interior light fixtures employ the latest energy-efficient lamp and ballast technology. Interior lighting throughout the building is operated by sensors that will automatically turn off lights inside a room when the room is unoccupied. The electrical traction elevators use less energy than typical elevators, and they are made of 95% recycled material. Further, locally manufactured products were used throughout, minimizing the amount of energy required to construct this building. The primary objective was to construct a 30,000 square foot medical office building on the Jackson Park Hospital campus that would comply with newly adopted City of Chicago green building codes focusing on protecting the environment and conserving energy and resources. The energy saving systems demonstrate a state of the-art whole-building approach to energy efficient design and construction. The energy efficiency and green aspects of the building contribute to the community by emphasizing the environmental and economic benefits of conserving resources. The building highlights the integration of Chicago's new green building codes into a poor, inner city neighborhood project and it is designed to attract medical providers and physicians to a medically underserved area.

  6. Hilton Worldwide is First Hospitality Company Certified under Superior

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Performance® Designation | Department of Energy Hilton Worldwide is First Hospitality Company Certified under Superior Energy Performance® Designation Hilton Worldwide is First Hospitality Company Certified under Superior Energy Performance® Designation January 15, 2016 - 2:25pm Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) congratulates Hilton Worldwide for being an energy management pioneer for the hospitality industry-and the commercial sector. In December 2015, three of Hilton

  7. DOE Launches EnergySmart Hospitals to Promote Improved Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    healthy healing and work environments. Tools and resources will include advanced energy design guides for small and large hospitals, technology assessments, and an...

  8. Enforcement Letter, Stony Brook University Hospital- April 15, 1999

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Issued to Stony Brook University Hospital related to a Failed Interlock at the Radiation Therapy Facility at the Brookhaven National Laboratory

  9. Building Green in Greensburg: Kiowa County Memorial Hospital

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This poster highlights energy efficiency, renewable energy, and sustainable features of the high-performing Kiowa County Memorial Hospital building in Greensburg, Kansas.

  10. Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Resource Guide for Hospital Applications, 2007

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Reference document of basic information for hospital managers when considering the application of combined heat and power (CHP) in the healthcare industry, specifically in hospitals

  11. Story County Hospital Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Story County Hospital Energy Purchaser AlliantIES Utilities Location NV - Story County IA Coordinates 42.016808, -93.453238 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappings...

  12. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Billings Hospital - Small...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    of Chicago , Chicago , Illinois IL.01-1 Evaluation Year: 1979 IL.01-1 Site Operations: Nature of operations is not clear. Portions of Billings Hospital were reported to have been...

  13. Better than CFL? Dimmable LED Downlights in Hospitality Facilities Webinar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    LEDs represent less than 1% of the installed base of U.S. downlights, which in 2012 numbered about 700 million. In hospitality facilities, past efforts to reduce lighting energy use have mainly...

  14. Energy Characteristics and Energy Consumed in Large Hospital Buildings in

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the United States in 2007 Energy Characteristics and Energy Consumed in Large Hospital Buildings in the United States in 2007 Main Report | Methodology | FAQ | List of Tables CBECS 2007 - Release date: August 17, 2012 Hospitals consume large amounts of energy because of how they are run and the many people that use them. They are open 24 hours a day; thousands of employees, patients, and visitors occupy the buildings daily; and sophisticated heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC)

  15. Energy Department's Hospital Energy Alliance Helps Partner Save Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    and Money | Department of Energy Hospital Energy Alliance Helps Partner Save Energy and Money Energy Department's Hospital Energy Alliance Helps Partner Save Energy and Money September 4, 2012 - 2:57pm Addthis Gundersen Health System teamed up with La Crosse County to turn methane gas from the county's landfill into electricity and heat for the Gundersen Lutheran - Onalaska Campus, making it the first-known energy independent medical campus in the U.S. | Photo courtesy of Gundersen Health

  16. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Billings Hospital - Small Animal

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Facility - University of Chicago - IL 01 Billings Hospital - Small Animal Facility - University of Chicago - IL 01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Billings Hospital, Small Animal Facility, University of Chicago (IL 01) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP due to limited scope of activities and 15 day half-life of P-32 Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Small Animal Facility, U. of Chicago IL.01-1 Location: University of Chicago , Chicago , Illinois IL.01-1 Evaluation Year:

  17. Resource Requirements Planning for Hospitals Treating Serious Infectious Disease Cases.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vugrin, Eric D.; Verzi, Stephen Joseph; Finley, Patrick D.; Turnquist, Mark A.; Wyte-Lake, Tamar; Griffin, Ann R.; Ricci, Karen J.; Plotinsky, Rachel

    2015-02-01

    This report presents a mathematical model of the way in which a hospital uses a variety of resources, utilities and consumables to provide care to a set of in-patients, and how that hospital might adapt to provide treatment to a few patients with a serious infectious disease, like the Ebola virus. The intended purpose of the model is to support requirements planning studies, so that hospitals may be better prepared for situations that are likely to strain their available resources. The current model is a prototype designed to present the basic structural elements of a requirements planning analysis. Some simple illustrati ve experiments establish the mo del's general capabilities. With additional inve stment in model enhancement a nd calibration, this prototype could be developed into a useful planning tool for ho spital administrators and health care policy makers.

  18. Hospital to save $71,800/year burning trash

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hume, M.

    1984-01-01

    A waste-to-steam dual-fuel boiler system will save the Geisinger Medical Center in Pennsylvania $71,800 a year in avoided natural gas, trash-hauling, and incinerating costs. In operation less than a year, the system currently generates 6.3% of hospital steam for an anticipated three-year payback. A waste-heat-recovery system, with a net cost of $360,000, will pay for itself in an estimated five years. The case-history report describes how the system fits into hospital operations. (DCK)

  19. Hospital Energy Benchmarking Guidance - Version 1.0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singer, Brett C.

    2009-09-08

    This document describes an energy benchmarking framework for hospitals. The document is organized as follows. The introduction provides a brief primer on benchmarking and its application to hospitals. The next two sections discuss special considerations including the identification of normalizing factors. The presentation of metrics is preceded by a description of the overall framework and the rationale for the grouping of metrics. Following the presentation of metrics, a high-level protocol is provided. The next section presents draft benchmarks for some metrics; benchmarks are not available for many metrics owing to a lack of data. This document ends with a list of research needs for further development.

  20. Evaluation of Miscellaneous and Electronic Device Energy Use in Hospitals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Black, Douglas R.; Lanzisera, Steven M.; Lai, Judy; Brown, Richard E.; Singer, Brett C.

    2012-09-01

    Miscellaneous and electronic loads (MELs) consume about one-thirdof the primary energy used in US buildings, and their energy use is increasing faster than other end-uses. In healthcare facilities, 30percent of the annual electricity was used by MELs in 2008. This paper presents methods and challenges for estimating medical MELs energy consumption along with estimates of energy use in a hospital by combining device-level metered data with inventories and usage information. An important finding is that common, small devices consume large amounts of energy in aggregate and should not be ignored when trying to address hospital energy use.

  1. Coming to a hospital near you: mass spectrometry imaging

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Bowen, Ben

    2014-06-24

    Berkeley Lab's Ben Bowen discusses "Coming to a hospital near you: mass spectrometry imaging" in this Oct. 28, 2013 talk, which is part of a Science at the Theater event entitled Eight Big Ideas. Go here to watch the entire event with all 8 speakers.

  2. DOE Launches EnergySmart Hospitals to Promote Improved Energy Efficiency in

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Healthcare | Department of Energy EnergySmart Hospitals to Promote Improved Energy Efficiency in Healthcare DOE Launches EnergySmart Hospitals to Promote Improved Energy Efficiency in Healthcare July 23, 2008 - 2:14pm Addthis Initiative Targets Energy and Cost Savings in Hospitals Across the United States WASHINGTON - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Associate Under Secretary for Energy Richard F. Moorer today announced the launch of the EnergySmart Hospitals initiative to increase the use of

  3. Hospital Triage in First Hours After Nuclear or Radiological Disaster

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hospital Triage in the First 24 Hours after a Nuclear or Radiological Disaster Medical professionals with the Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site (REAC/TS) at the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) authored an article that addresses the problems emergency physicians would likely face in the event of a nuclear or radiological catastrophe. The article specifically covers actions that would need to occur so that reasonable decisions are made during the critical

  4. Large Hospital 50% Energy Savings: Technical Support Document

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7867 September 2010 Large Hospital 50% Energy Savings: Technical Support Document Eric Bonnema, Daniel Studer, Andrew Parker, Shanti Pless, and Paul Torcellini National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 Technical Report

  5. HOSPITAL VENTILATION STANDARDS AND ENERGY CONSERVATION: A REVIEW OF GOVERNMENTAL AND PRIVATE AGENCY ENERGY CONSERVATION INITIATIVES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Banks, Robert S.; Rainer, David

    1980-03-01

    This report presents the results of a recent research project originally concerned with review of governmental initiatives for changes to hospital design and operation standards at both the federal and state levels. However. it quickly became apparent that concern with energy conservation was not impacting hospital environmental standards, especially at the state level, irrespective of the energy implications. Consequently, the study was redirected to consider all energy conservation initiatives directed toward design and operating practices unique to the hospital environment. The scope was limited to agency programs (i.e., not undertaken at the initiative of individual hospitals), applicable to non-federal public and private hospitals.

  6. Oregon Hospital Heats Up with a Biomass Boiler | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Oregon Hospital Heats Up with a Biomass Boiler Oregon Hospital Heats Up with a Biomass Boiler December 27, 2012 - 4:30pm Addthis Using money from the Recovery Act, Blue Mountain Hospital replaced one of its 1950s crude oil boilers with a wood-pellet boiler -- saving the hospital about $100,000 a year in heating costs. | Photo courtesy of the Oregon Department of Energy. Using money from the Recovery Act, Blue Mountain Hospital replaced one of its 1950s crude oil boilers with a wood-pellet boiler

  7. Department of Energy Announces the Launch of the Hospital Energy Alliance

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    to Increase Energy Efficiency in the Healthcare Sector | Department of Energy the Launch of the Hospital Energy Alliance to Increase Energy Efficiency in the Healthcare Sector Department of Energy Announces the Launch of the Hospital Energy Alliance to Increase Energy Efficiency in the Healthcare Sector April 29, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced today the launch of the Hospital Energy Alliance (HEA), an industry-led partnership between the

  8. Demonstration of Advanced Technologies for Multi-Load Washers in Hospitality and Healthcare -- Wastewater Recycling Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyd, Brian K.; Parker, Graham B.; Petersen, Joseph M.; Sullivan, Greg; Goetzler, W.; Foley, K. J.; Sutherland, T. A.

    2014-08-14

    The objective of this demonstration project was to evaluate market-ready retrofit technologies for reducing the energy and water use of multi-load washers in healthcare and hospitality facilities. Specifically, this project evaluated laundry wastewater recycling technology in the hospitality sector and ozone laundry technology in both the healthcare and hospitality sectors. This report documents the demonstration of a wastewater recycling system installed in the Grand Hyatt Seattle.

  9. Wood County, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ohio Haskins, Ohio Hoytville, Ohio Jerry City, Ohio Luckey, Ohio Millbury, Ohio Milton Center, Ohio North Baltimore, Ohio Northwood, Ohio Pemberville, Ohio Perrysburg, Ohio...

  10. Potential for radioactive patient excreta in hospital trash and medical waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evdokimoff, V.; Cash, C.; Buckley, K.

    1994-02-01

    Radioactive excreta from nuclear medicine patients can enter solid waste as common trash and medical biohazardous waste. Many landfills and transfer stations now survey these waste streams with scintillation detectors which may result in rejection of a hospital`s waste. Our survey indicated that on the average either or both of Boston University Medical Center Hospital`s waste streams can contain detectable radioactive excreta on a weekly basis. To avoid potential problems, radiation detectors were installed in areas where housekeepers carting trash and medical waste must pass through to ensure no radioactivity leaves the institution. 3 refs.

  11. CNS donates $10,000 to East Tennessee Children's Hospital | Y-12 National

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Security Complex CNS donates $10,000 to East ... CNS donates $10,000 to East Tennessee Children's Hospital Posted: February 16, 2016 - 6:50pm Y-12's Site Manager Bill Tindal (right) presents a $10,000 donation to East Tennessee Children's Hospital CEO Keith Goodwin in support of the hospital's capital campaign. Consolidated Nuclear Security recently donated $10,000 to East Tennessee Children's Hospital's capital campaign. The CNS donation will go toward construction of a pre- or post-op room

  12. Rebuilding it Better: Greensburg, Kansas, Kiowa County Memorial Hospital (Brochure) (Revised)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This brochure details the sustainable and green aspects of the LEED Platinum-designed Kiowa County Memorial Hospital in Greensburg, Kansas.

  13. Technical Support Document: Development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Large Hospitals - 50% Energy Savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonnema, E.; Leach, M.; Pless, S.

    2013-06-01

    This Technical Support Document describes the process and methodology for the development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Large Hospitals: Achieving 50% Energy Savings Toward a Net Zero Energy Building (AEDG-LH) ASHRAE et al. (2011b). The AEDG-LH is intended to provide recommendations for achieving 50% whole-building energy savings in large hospitals over levels achieved by following Standard 90.1-2004. The AEDG-LH was created for a 'standard' mid- to large-size hospital, typically at least 100,000 ft2, but the strategies apply to all sizes and classifications of new construction hospital buildings. Its primary focus is new construction, but recommendations may be applicable to facilities undergoing total renovation, and in part to many other hospital renovation, addition, remodeling, and modernization projects (including changes to one or more systems in existing buildings).

  14. Hilton Worldwide is First Hospitality Company Certified under Superior Energy Performance® Designation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) congratulates Hilton Worldwide for being an energy management pioneer for the hospitality industry—and the commercial sector. In December 2015, three of Hilton...

  15. Y-12 donates DVDs, teddy bears to Children's Hospital | Y-12...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Y-12 donates DVDs, teddy ... Y-12 donates DVDs, teddy bears to Children's Hospital Posted: January 24, 2014 - 3:33pm Pictured from left to right: Y-12ers Karen Dixon, Linda...

  16. ORISE: WeB-MEDIS System Allows Hospitals to Gather and Track...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    WeB-MEDIS ORISE-developed system helps emergency responders and hospitals gather and track ... The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education designed, developed and deployed WeB-MED...

  17. ORISE: WeB-MEDIS System Allows Hospitals to Gather and Track Patient Data

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    During Emergencies WeB-MEDIS ORISE-developed system helps emergency responders and hospitals gather and track patient data during emergencies The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education designed, developed and deployed WeB-MEDIS-a Web-based patient tracking system designed to provide emergency responders and hospitals with a highly portable system for inputting, sharing and tracking patient data from the field. How ORISE is Making a Difference The system was originally created for the

  18. Targeting 100! Advanced Energy Efficient Building Technologies for High Performance Hospitals: Executive Summary.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burpee, Heather; Loveland, Joel; Helmers, Aaron

    2015-09-02

    This research, Targeting 100!, provides a conceptual framework and decision-making structure at a schematic design level of precision for hospital owners, architects and engineers to radically reduce energy use in hospitals. Following the goals of Architecture 2030 and The 2030 Challenge, it offers access to design strategies and the cost implications of those strategies for new hospitals to utilize 60% less energy. The name, Targeting 100!, comes from the 2030 Challenge energy reduction goal for hospitals; a 60% energy use reduction from typical acute care hospital targets approximately 100 KBtu/SF Year, thus the name “Targeting 100!”. Targeting 100! was developed through funding partnerships with the US Department of Energy and the Northwest Energy Efficiency’s BetterBricks Initiative. The technical team was led by the University of Washington Integrated Design Lab supported by deep collaboration with Solarc Architecture and Engineering, TBD Cost Consultants, and NBBJ Architecture. Through extensive research and design development, Targeting 100! provides a framework for developing high performance healthcare projects today and into the future. An online tool houses a Targeting 100! knowlegebase and roadmap. It can be accessed at: www.idlseattle.com/t100. The webtool is structured from high-level overview materials to detailed library with modeling inputs and outputs, providing a comprehensive report of the background, data, and outcomes from the project.

  19. Demonstration of Advanced Technologies for Multi-Load Washers in Hospitality and Healthcare -- Ozone Based Laundry Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyd, Brian K.; Parker, Graham B.; Petersen, Joseph M.; Sullivan, Greg; Goetzler, W.; Sutherland, T. A.; Foley, K. J.

    2014-08-14

    The objective of this demonstration project was to evaluate market-ready retrofit technologies for reducing the energy and water use of multi-load washers in healthcare and hospitality facilities. Specifically, this project evaluated laundry wastewater recycling technology in the hospitality sector and ozone laundry technology in both the healthcare and hospitality sectors. This report documents the demonstration of ozone laundry system installations at the Charleston Place Hotel in Charleston, South Carolina, and the Rogerson House assisted living facility in Boston, Massachusetts.

  20. Intermediate photovoltaic system application experiment operational performance report. Volume 3. For G. N. Wilcox Memorial Hospital, Kauai, Hawaii

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-09-01

    Presented are the project description, list of participants, and system specifications for the intermediate photovoltaic project at G.N. Wilcox Memorial Hospital, Kauai, Hawaii.

  1. Technical Support Document: Development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Hospitals and Healthcare Facilities--30% Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonnema, E.; Doebber, I.; Pless, S.; Torcellini, P.

    2010-03-01

    This Technical Support Document describes the process and methodology for the development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Hospitals and Healthcare Facilities.

  2. Exploratory Use of Microaerosol Decontamination Technology (PAEROSOL) in Enclosed, Unoccupied Hospital Setting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rainina, Evguenia I.; McCune, D. E.; Luna, Maria L.; Cook, J. E.; Soltis, Michele A.; Demons, Samandra T.; Godoy-Kain, Patricia; Weston, J. H.

    2012-05-31

    The goal of this study was to validate the previously observed high biological kill performance of PAEROSOL, a semi-dry, micro-aerosol decontamination technology, against common HAI in a non-human subject trial within a hospital setting of Madigan Army Medical Center (MAMC) on Joint Base Lewis-McChord in Tacoma, Washington. In addition to validating the disinfecting efficacy of PAEROSOL, the objectives of the trial included a demonstration of PAEROSOL environmental safety, (i.e., impact to hospital interior materials and electronic equipment exposed during testing) and PAEROSOL parameters optimization for future deployment.

  3. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Memorial Hospital - NY 0-16

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Memorial Hospital - NY 0-16 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: MEMORIAL HOSPITAL (NY.0-16 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: New York , New York NY.0-16-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.0-16-1 Site Operations: Conducted studies for MED including a "Physiological Study of Sunbath Treatments." Involvement with radioactive materials unknown. NY.0-16-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination remote NY.0-16-1

  4. Evaluation of AFBC co-firing of coal and hospital wastes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-02-01

    The purpose of this program is to expand the use of coal by utilizing CFB (circulating fluidized bed) technology to provide an environmentally safe method for disposing of waste materials. Hospitals are currently experiencing a waste management crisis. In many instances, they are no longer permitted to burn pathological and infectious wastes in incinerators. Older hospital incinerators are not capable of maintaining the stable temperatures and residence times necessary in order to completely destroy toxic substances before release into the atmosphere. In addition, the number of available landfills which can safely handle these substances is decreasing each year. The purpose of this project is to conduct necessary research investigating whether the combustion of the hospital wastes in a coal-fired circulating fluidized bed boiler will effectively destroy dioxins and other hazardous substances before release into the atmosphere. If this is proven feasible, in light of the quantity of hospital wastes generated each year, it would create a new market for coal -- possibly 50 million tons/year.

  5. Y-12 donates DVDs, teddy bears to Children's Hospital | National Nuclear

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Security Administration DVDs, teddy bears to Children's Hospital | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Library Bios Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Photo

  6. LED Surgical Task Lighting Scoping Study: A Hospital Energy Alliance Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tuenge, Jason R.

    2011-01-17

    Tungsten-halogen (halogen) lamps have traditionally been used to light surgical tasks in hospitals, even though they are in many respects ill-suited to the application due to the large percentage of radiant energy outside the visible spectrum and issues with color rendering/quality. Light-emitting diode (LED) technology offers potential for adjustable color and improved color rendition/quality, while simultaneously reducing side-effects from non-visible radiant energy. It also has the potential for significant energy savings, although this is a fairly narrow application in the larger commercial building energy use sector. Based on analysis of available products and Hospital Energy Alliance member interest, it is recommended that a product specification and field measurement procedure be developed for implementation in demonstration projects.

  7. Scoping Report: Advanced Technologies for Multi-Load Washers in Hospitality and Healthcare

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parker, Graham B.; Boyd, Brian K.; Petersen, Joseph M.; Goetzler, W.; Foley, K. J.; Sutherland, T. A.

    2013-03-27

    The purpose of this demonstration project is to quantify the energy savings and water efficiency potential of commercial laundry wastewater recycling systems and low-temperature detergent supply systems to help promote the adoption of these technologies in the commercial sector. This project will create a set of technical specifications for efficient multi-load laundry systems (both new and retrofit) tailored for specific applications and/or sectors (e.g., hospitality, health care). The specifications will be vetted with the appropriate Better Buildings Alliance (BBA) members (e.g., Commercial Real Estate Energy Alliance, Hospital Energy Alliance), finalized, published, and disseminated to enable widespread technology transfer in the industry and specifically among BBA partners.

  8. Hospital Triage in the First 24 Hours after a Nuclear or Radiological Disaster

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hospital Triage in the First 24 Hours after a Nuclear or Radiological Disaster Berger, ME; Leonard, RB; Ricks, RC; Wiley, AL; Lowry, PC; Flynn, DF Abstract: This article addresses the problems emergency physicians would face in the event of a nuclear or radiological catastrophe. It presents information about what needs to be done so that useful information will be gathered and reasonable decisions made in the all important triage period. A brief introductory explanation of radiation injury is

  9. NNSA's Y-12 & Pantex partner donates $10,000 for children's hospital |

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    National Nuclear Security Administration Y-12 & Pantex partner donates $10,000 for children's hospital | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Library Bios Congressional Testimony Fact

  10. B&W Y-12 donates $2,500 to MMC Hospitality House | Y-12 National Security

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Complex MMC Hospitality House Posted: January 27, 2014 - 1:35pm B&W Y-12 donated $2,500 to Oak Ridge Methodist Medical Center's Hospitality House. B&W Y-12 Director of Public Affairs Bill Reis, right, hands a $2,500 donation to Mike Belbeck, Methodist Medical Center's President and Chief Administrative Officer. The funds will go toward MMC's Hospitality Houses, which provide temporary lodging for patients and families who travel to Oak Ridge for extended medical treatment

  11. Composition and production rate of pharmaceutical and chemical waste from Xanthi General Hospital in Greece

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Voudrias, Evangelos; Goudakou, Lambrini; Kermenidou, Marianthi; Softa, Aikaterini

    2012-07-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We studied pharmaceutical and chemical waste production in a Greek hospital. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Pharmaceutical waste comprised 3.9% w/w of total hazardous medical waste. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Unit production rate for total pharmaceutical waste was 12.4 {+-} 3.90 g/patient/d. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Chemical waste comprised 1.8% w/w of total hazardous medical waste. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Unit production rate for total chemical waste was 5.8 {+-} 2.2 g/patient/d. - Abstract: The objective of this work was to determine the composition and production rates of pharmaceutical and chemical waste produced by Xanthi General Hospital in Greece (XGH). This information is important to design and cost management systems for pharmaceutical and chemical waste, for safety and health considerations and for assessing environmental impact. A total of 233 kg pharmaceutical and 110 kg chemical waste was collected, manually separated and weighed over a period of five working weeks. The total production of pharmaceutical waste comprised 3.9% w/w of the total hazardous medical waste produced by the hospital. Total pharmaceutical waste was classified in three categories, vial waste comprising 51.1%, syringe waste with 11.4% and intravenous therapy (IV) waste with 37.5% w/w of the total. Vial pharmaceutical waste only was further classified in six major categories: antibiotics, digestive system drugs, analgesics, hormones, circulatory system drugs and 'other'. Production data below are presented as average (standard deviation in parenthesis). The unit production rates for total pharmaceutical waste for the hospital were 12.4 (3.90) g/patient/d and 24.6 (7.48) g/bed/d. The respective unit production rates were: (1) for vial waste 6.4 (1.6) g/patient/d and 13 (2.6) g/bed/d, (2) for syringe waste 1.4 (0.4) g/patient/d and 2.8 (0.8) g/bed/d and (3) for IV waste 4.6 (3.0) g/patient/d and 9.2 (5.9) g/bed/d. Total chemical waste was classified in four categories, chemical reagents comprising 18.2%, solvents with 52.3%, dyes and tracers with 18.2% and solid waste with 11.4% w/w of the total. The total production of chemical waste comprised 1.8% w/w of the total hazardous medical waste produced by the hospital. Thus, the sum of pharmaceutical and chemical waste was 5.7% w/w of the total hazardous medical waste produced by the hospital. The unit production rates for total chemical waste for the hospital were 5.8 (2.2) g/patient/d and 1.1 (0.4) g/exam/d. The respective unit production rates were: (1) for reagents 1.7 (2.4) g/patient/d and 0.3 (0.4) g/examination/d, (2) for solvents 248 (127) g/patient/d and 192 (101) g/examination/d, (3) for dyes and tracers 4.7 (1.4) g/patient/d and 2.5 (0.9) g/examination/d and (4) for solid waste 54 (28) g/patient/d and 42 (22) g/examination/d.

  12. Intermediate photovoltaic system application experiment operational performance report for G. N. Wilcox Memorial Hospital, Kauai, Hawaii, for November 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-01-01

    The data accumulated during November 1982 at the intermediate photovoltaic project at G.N. Wilcox Memorial Hospital, Kauai, Hawaii, are presented. Generated energy and environmental (weather) data are presented graphically. Explanations of irregularities not attributable to weather are provided.

  13. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.8 Hospitals and Medical Facilities

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    4 Energy Benchmarks for Newly Constructed Hospitals, by Selected City and End-Use (thousand Btu per square foot) Miami 1A Houston 2A Phoenix 2B Atlanta 3A Los Angeles 3B Las Vegas 3B San Francisco 3C Baltimore 4A Albuquerque 4B Seattle 4C Chicago 5A Boulder 5B Minneapolis 6A Helena 6B Duluth 7 Fairbanks 8 Note(s): Source(s): 89.1 25.2 3.9 13.5 Commercial building energy benchmarks are based off of the current stock of commercial buildings and reflect 2004 ASHRAE 90.1 Climate Zones. They are

  14. AFBC co-firing of coal and hospital waste. Quarterly report, August--October 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stuart, J.M.

    1996-03-01

    The project objective is to design, construct, install provide operator training and start-up a circulating fluidized bed combustion system at the Lebanon Pennsylvania Veteran`s Affairs Medical Center. This unit will co-fire coal and hospital waste providing lower cost steam for heating and possibly cooling (absorption chiller) and operation of a steam turbine-generator for limited power generation. This would permit full capacity operation of the FBC year round in spite of the VA laundry that was shut down as well as efficient destruction of both general and infectious hospital waste and steam generation. The State permitting process required for construction will be completed in early November to allow installation and construction to be completed. Operating permits will be obtained after construction has been completed. A request for proposal for stack sampling and biospore tests was released to four (4) vendors in mid-October. The proposals shall be reviewed during November and the stack sampler will be selected. Funding was approved as of August 1, 1995. Construction and installation resumed on August 21, 1995 at the LVAMC. Construction and installation continues and will be completed by late December 1995.

  15. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    more bandwidth with less power dissipation NVIDIA Fermi 512 cores 2010 Processor - Memory BW Performance 3 0 100 200 300 400 1 10 100 Celeron Athlon Northwood Athlon64X2...

  16. CX-001928: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Pilkington North America, Inc. (PNA) SolarCX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 03/03/2010Location(s): Northwood, OhioOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  17. Status report on a solar photovoltaic concentrating energy system for a hospital in Hawaii

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seki, A.; Curtis, G.; Yuen, P.

    1983-06-01

    The largest parabolic concentrating photovoltaic/solar thermal system in the U.S. began producing electricity and hot water for a hospital on the island of Kauai, Hawaii in November 1981. Each of the 80 parabolic collectors is 6 feet by 10 feet and concentrates incident sunlight on photovoltaic cells mounted on two faces of the receiver at the focus. Although the 35 kilowatt system has been designed to produce 22,000 net kilowatt-hours per year of electricity and 620,000 gallons of 180 F water, electrical output (12 to 15 kilowatt-hours per day) is only 20 percent of that expected, primarily because insolation at the site has been only 40 percent of predicted values. A second problem with fungal attack on the receivers has been solved by better sealing. The system has also withstood a hurricane with negligible damage.

  18. Intermediate photovoltaic system application experiment operational performance report, for G. N. Wilcox Memorial Hospital, Kauai, Hawaii. Vol. 9

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-06-01

    This report presents the data accumulated during January 1983 at the intermediate photovoltaic project at G.N. Wilcox Memorial Hospital, Kauai, Hawaii. Generated energy and environmental (weather) data are presented graphically. Explanations of irregularities not attributable to weather are provided.

  19. Intermediate photovoltaic system application experiment operational performance report. Volume 1. For G. N. Wilcox Memorial Hospital, Kauai, Hawaii

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-09-01

    Presented are the data accumulated during January, February, and March 1982 at the intermediate photovoltaic project at G.N. Wilcox Memorial Hospital, Kauai, Hawaii. Generated energy and environmental (weather) data are presented graphically. Explanations of irregularities not attributable to weather are provided.

  20. Intermediate photovoltaic system application experiment operational performance report. Volume 2 for G. N. Wilcox Memorial Hospital, Kauai, HI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-10-01

    Presented are the data accumulated during April and May 1982 at this intermediate photovoltaic project at G.N. Wilcox Memorial Hospital, Kauai, Hawaii. Generated energy and environmental (weather) data are presented graphically. Explanations of irregularities not attributable to weather are provided.

  1. Evaluation of AFBC co-firing of coal and hospital wastes. Technical report, January 1989--August 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-02-01

    The purpose of this program is to expand the use of coal by utilizing CFB (circulating fluidized bed) technology to provide an environmentally safe method for disposing of waste materials. Hospitals are currently experiencing a waste management crisis. In many instances, they are no longer permitted to burn pathological and infectious wastes in incinerators. Older hospital incinerators are not capable of maintaining the stable temperatures and residence times necessary in order to completely destroy toxic substances before release into the atmosphere. In addition, the number of available landfills which can safely handle these substances is decreasing each year. The purpose of this project is to conduct necessary research investigating whether the combustion of the hospital wastes in a coal-fired circulating fluidized bed boiler will effectively destroy dioxins and other hazardous substances before release into the atmosphere. If this is proven feasible, in light of the quantity of hospital wastes generated each year, it would create a new market for coal -- possibly 50 million tons/year.

  2. Energy Department Announces $9 Million to Improve Energy Efficiency of Hotels, Hospitals, Offices and other Commercial Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As part of the Obama Administration’s effort to double energy productivity by 2030 and reduce carbon emissions in commercial buildings, the Energy Department today announced $9 million to encourage investments in energy-saving technologies that can be tested and deployed in offices, shops, restaurants, hospitals, hotels and other types of commercial buildings.

  3. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.8 Hospitals and Medical Facilities

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    3 Energy Benchmarks for Existing Hospitals, by Selected City and End-Use (thousand Btu per square foot) IECC Post Pre Post Pre Post Pre Post Pre Miami 1A 34.6 40.7 88.9 85.4 1.8 1.8 20.0 21.0 Houston 2A 42.1 48.0 89.5 86.9 2.2 2.1 19.6 20.8 Phoenix 2B 42.2 48.6 82.1 80.2 2.0 1.9 20.7 21.9 Atlanta 3A 45.8 53.9 83.7 82.1 2.5 2.5 19.0 20.6 Los Angeles 3B 45.4 46.9 75.4 71.0 2.5 2.4 18.5 18.8 Las Vegas 3B 40.9 48.0 69.5 69.0 2.2 2.2 18.5 21.2 San Francisco 3C 49.2 52.8 66.5 64.1 2.8 2.7 17.1 18.0

  4. Technical Support Document: Development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Hospitals and Healthcare Facilities--30% Guide

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6314 March 2010 Technical Support Document: Development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Hospitals and Healthcare Facilities-30% Guide Eric Bonnema, Ian Doebber, Shanti Pless, and Paul Torcellini National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No.

  5. Spatial and temporal variations in indoor environmental conditions, human occupancy, and operational characteristics in a new hospital building

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ramos, Tiffanie; Dedesko, Sandra; Siegel, Jeffrey A.; Gilbert, Jack A.; Stephens, Brent

    2015-03-02

    The dynamics of indoor environmental conditions, human occupancy, and operational characteristics of buildings influence human comfort and indoor environmental quality, including the survival and progression of microbial communities. A suite of continuous, long-term environmental and operational parameters were measured in ten patient rooms and two nurse stations in a new hospital building in Chicago, IL to characterize the indoor environment in which microbial samples were taken for the Hospital Microbiome Project. Measurements included environmental conditions (indoor dry-bulb temperature, relative humidity, humidity ratio, and illuminance) in the patient rooms and nurse stations; differential pressure between the patient rooms and hallways; surrogatemore » measures for human occupancy and activity in the patient rooms using both indoor air CO₂ concentrations and infrared doorway beam-break counters; and outdoor air fractions in the heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning systems serving the sampled spaces. Measurements were made at 5-minute intervals over consecutive days for nearly one year, providing a total of ~8×10⁶ data points. Indoor temperature, illuminance, and human occupancy/activity were all weakly correlated between rooms, while relative humidity, humidity ratio, and outdoor air fractions showed strong temporal (seasonal) patterns and strong spatial correlations between rooms. Differential pressure measurements confirmed that all patient rooms were operated at neutral pressure. The patient rooms averaged about 100 combined entrances and exits per day, which suggests they were relatively lightly occupied compared to higher traffic environments (e.g., retail buildings) and more similar to lower traffic office environments. There were also clear differences in several environmental parameters before and after the hospital was occupied with patients and staff. Characterizing and understanding factors that influence these building dynamics is vital for hospital environments, where they can impact patient health and the survival and spread of healthcare associated infections.« less

  6. Spatial and temporal variations in indoor environmental conditions, human occupancy, and operational characteristics in a new hospital building

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramos, Tiffanie; Dedesko, Sandra; Siegel, Jeffrey A.; Gilbert, Jack A.; Stephens, Brent

    2015-03-02

    The dynamics of indoor environmental conditions, human occupancy, and operational characteristics of buildings influence human comfort and indoor environmental quality, including the survival and progression of microbial communities. A suite of continuous, long-term environmental and operational parameters were measured in ten patient rooms and two nurse stations in a new hospital building in Chicago, IL to characterize the indoor environment in which microbial samples were taken for the Hospital Microbiome Project. Measurements included environmental conditions (indoor dry-bulb temperature, relative humidity, humidity ratio, and illuminance) in the patient rooms and nurse stations; differential pressure between the patient rooms and hallways; surrogate measures for human occupancy and activity in the patient rooms using both indoor air CO₂ concentrations and infrared doorway beam-break counters; and outdoor air fractions in the heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning systems serving the sampled spaces. Measurements were made at 5-minute intervals over consecutive days for nearly one year, providing a total of ~8×10⁶ data points. Indoor temperature, illuminance, and human occupancy/activity were all weakly correlated between rooms, while relative humidity, humidity ratio, and outdoor air fractions showed strong temporal (seasonal) patterns and strong spatial correlations between rooms. Differential pressure measurements confirmed that all patient rooms were operated at neutral pressure. The patient rooms averaged about 100 combined entrances and exits per day, which suggests they were relatively lightly occupied compared to higher traffic environments (e.g., retail buildings) and more similar to lower traffic office environments. There were also clear differences in several environmental parameters before and after the hospital was occupied with patients and staff. Characterizing and understanding factors that influence these building dynamics is vital for hospital environments, where they can impact patient health and the survival and spread of healthcare associated infections.

  7. Intermediate photovoltaic system application experiment operational performance report. Volume 5. For G. N. Wilcox Memorial Hospital, Kauai, Hawaii for September 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-01-01

    Presented are the data accumulated during September 1982 at the intermediate photovoltaic project at G.N. Wilcox Memorial Hospital, Kauai, Hawaii. Generated energy and environmental (weather) data are presented graphically. Explanations of irregularities not attributable to weather are provided.

  8. Intermediate photovoltaic system application experiment operational performance report for G. N. Wilcox Memorial Hospital, Kauai, Hawaii for October 1982. Volume VI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-01-01

    Presented are the data accumulated during October 1982 at the intermediate project at G.N. Wilcox Memorial Hospital, Kauai, Hawaii. Generated energy and environmental (weather) data are presented graphically. Explanations of irregularities not attributable to weather are provided.

  9. Intermediate photovoltaic system application experiment operational performance report. Volume 8. For G. N. Wilcox Memorial Hospital, Kauai, Hawaii for December 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-03-01

    Presented are the data accumulated during December 1982 at the intermediate photovoltaic project at G. N. Wilcox Memorial Hospital, Kauai, Hawaii. Generated energy and environmental (weather) data are presented graphiclaly. Explanations of irregularities not attributable to weather are provided.

  10. Management of Low-Level Radioactive Waste from Research, Hospitals and Nuclear Medical Centers in Egypt - 13469

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hasan, M.A.; Selim, Y.T.; Lasheen, Y.F.

    2013-07-01

    The application of radioisotopes and radiation sources in medical diagnosis and therapy is an important issue. Physicians can use radioisotopes to diagnose and treat diseases. Methods of treatment, conditioning and management of low level radioactive wastes from the use of radiation sources and radioisotopes in hospitals and nuclear medicine application, are described. Solid Radioactive waste with low-level activity after accumulation, minimization, segregation and measurement, are burned or compressed in a compactor according to the international standards. Conditioned drums are transported to the interim storage site at the Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority (EAEA) represented in Hot Labs and Waste Management Center (HLWMC) for storage and monitoring. (authors)

  11. Intermediate photovoltaic system application experiment operational performance report. Volume 4. For G. N. Wilcox Memorial Hospital, Kauai, Hawaii for June, July, and August 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-12-01

    Presented are the data accumulated during June, July, and August 1982 at the intermediate photovoltaic project at G.N. Wilcox Memorial Hospital, Kauai, Hawaii. Generated energy and environmental (weather) data are presented graphically. Explanations of irregularities not attributable to weater are provided.

  12. Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine Project for an Integral Oncology Center at the Oaxaca High Specialization Regional Hospital

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Jesus, M.; Trujillo-Zamudio, F. E.

    2010-12-07

    A building project of Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine services (diagnostic and therapy), within an Integral Oncology Center (IOC), requires interdisciplinary participation of architects, biomedical engineers, radiation oncologists and medical physicists. This report focus on the medical physicist role in designing, building and commissioning stages, for the final clinical use of an IOC at the Oaxaca High Specialization Regional Hospital (HRAEO). As a first step, during design stage, the medical physicist participates in discussions about radiation safety and regulatory requirements for the National Regulatory Agency (called CNSNS in Mexico). Medical physicists propose solutions to clinical needs and take decisions about installing medical equipment, in order to fulfill technical and medical requirements. As a second step, during the construction stage, medical physicists keep an eye on building materials and structural specifications. Meanwhile, regulatory documentation must be sent to CNSNS. This documentation compiles information about medical equipment, radioactivity facility, radiation workers and nuclear material data, in order to obtain the license for the linear accelerator, brachytherapy and nuclear medicine facilities. As a final step, after equipment installation, the commissioning stage takes place. As the conclusion, we show that medical physicists are essentials in order to fulfill with Mexican regulatory requirements in medical facilities.

  13. NREL Technical Reports Guide the Way to 50% Energy Savings in Hospitals, Office Buildings (Fact Sheet), NREL Highlights, Research & Development, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    existing technologies, designers and operators of large buildings could slash national energy use across a broad range of climates. Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have developed two technical reports that provide recommendations to help designers and opera- tors of large office buildings and hospitals achieve at least a 50% energy savings using existing technology. Strategies for 50% Energy Savings in Large Office Buildings found that a 50% energy savings can be

  14. The use of failure mode and effects analysis to construct an effective disposal and prevention mechanism for infectious hospital waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ho, Chao Chung, E-mail: ho919@pchome.com.tw [Department of Industrial Management, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Liao, Ching-Jong [Department of Industrial Management, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China)

    2011-12-15

    Highlights: > This study is based on a real case in a regional teaching hospital in Taiwan. > We use Failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) as the evaluation method. > We successfully identify the risk factors of infectious waste disposal. > We propose plans for the detection of exceptional cases of infectious waste. - Abstract: In recent times, the quality of medical care has been continuously improving in medical institutions wherein patient-centred care has been emphasized. Failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) has also been promoted as a method of basic risk management and as part of total quality management (TQM) for improving the quality of medical care and preventing mistakes. Therefore, a study was conducted using FMEA to evaluate the potential risk causes in the process of infectious medical waste disposal, devise standard procedures concerning the waste, and propose feasible plans for facilitating the detection of exceptional cases of infectious waste. The analysis revealed the following results regarding medical institutions: (a) FMEA can be used to identify the risk factors of infectious waste disposal. (b) During the infectious waste disposal process, six items were scored over 100 in the assessment of uncontrolled risks: erroneous discarding of infectious waste by patients and their families, erroneous discarding by nursing staff, erroneous discarding by medical staff, cleaning drivers pierced by sharp articles, cleaning staff pierced by sharp articles, and unmarked output units. Therefore, the study concluded that it was necessary to (1) provide education and training about waste classification to the medical staff, patients and their families, nursing staff, and cleaning staff; (2) clarify the signs of caution; and (3) evaluate the failure mode and strengthen the effects.

  15. Radiation dose in coronary angiography and intervention: initial results from the establishment of a multi-centre diagnostic reference level in Queensland public hospitals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crowhurst, James A; Whitby, Mark; Thiele, David; Halligan, Toni; Westerink, Adam; Crown, Suzanne; Milne, Jillian

    2014-09-15

    Radiation dose to patients undergoing invasive coronary angiography (ICA) is relatively high. Guidelines suggest that a local benchmark or diagnostic reference level (DRL) be established for these procedures. This study sought to create a DRL for ICA procedures in Queensland public hospitals. Data were collected for all Cardiac Catheter Laboratories in Queensland public hospitals. Data were collected for diagnostic coronary angiography (CA) and single-vessel percutaneous intervention (PCI) procedures. Dose area product (P{sub KA}), skin surface entrance dose (K{sub AR}), fluoroscopy time (FT), and patient height and weight were collected for 3 months. The DRL was set from the 75th percentile of the P{sub KA.} 2590 patients were included in the CA group where the median FT was 3.5 min (inter-quartile range = 2.3–6.1). Median K{sub AR} = 581 mGy (374–876). Median P{sub KA} = 3908 uGym{sup 2} (2489–5865) DRL = 5865 uGym{sup 2}. 947 patients were included in the PCI group where median FT was 11.2 min (7.7–17.4). Median K{sub AR} = 1501 mGy (928–2224). Median P{sub KA} = 8736 uGym{sup 2} (5449–12,900) DRL = 12,900 uGym{sup 2}. This study established a benchmark for radiation dose for diagnostic and interventional coronary angiography in Queensland public facilities.

  16. CLIMATE CHANGE FUEL CELL PROGRAM 200 kW - PC25C FUEL CELL POWER PLANT FOR THE ST.-AGNES-HOSPITAL, BOCHOLT, GERMANY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dipl.-Ing. Knut Stahl

    2002-01-31

    Since the beginning of the Year 2001, the Saint-Agnes-Hospital in Bocholt, Germany, operates a phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC) to provide the base load of electrical power as well as heat in Winter and air conditioning in Summer. The project was made possible by federal funding from the U.S. Department of Energy as well as by a strategic alliance with the local utility company, the Bocholter Energie- und Wasserversorgung GmbH (BEW), and with the gas supplier of BEW, the Thyssengas GmbH. The fuel cell power plant is combined with an absorption chiller. It is highly efficient and has an excellent power to heat ratio. The operation during the first Year went smoothly and nearly free of trouble.

  17. SU-E-T-317: The Development of a DIBH Technique for Left Sided Breast Patients Undergoing Radiation Therapy Utilizing Varians RPM System in a Community Hospital

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hasson, B; Young, M; Workie, D; Geraghty, C

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To develop and implement a Deep Inhalation Breath Hold program (DIBH) for treatment of patients with Left-sided breast cancer in a community hospital. Methods: All patients with left sided breast cancer underwent a screening free breathing CT. Evaluation of the conventional tangent treatment fields and the heart was conducted. If the heart would not be excluded using tangents, the patient then received DIBH breathe coaching. The patients returned for a 4D CT simulation. The patients breathing cycle was monitored using the Varian Real-Time position ManagementTM (RPM) system to assess duration of DIBH, amplitude, phase and recovery time to normal breathing. Then a DIBH CT was obtained at the desired amplitude. Duplicate plans were developed for both free breathing and DIBH on the Eclipse planning system and comparison DVH's were created. The plan that provided the prescribed treatment coverage and the least doses to the OAR (heart, Lt. Lung) was determined. Those patients selected to receive treatment with DIBH were set up for treatment, and breathing was monitored using the RPM system. Practice trials were used to confirm that the amplitude, phase and recovery were consistent with findings from simulation. Results: 10 patients have been treated using the DIBH procedure in our clinic. The DIBH patients had an average increase of 80% lung volume on DIBH, decreased lung volume receiving 50% of the dose, and decreases in the V20 dose. Significant reduction in the maximum and mean dose to the heart, as well as the dose to 1CC of the volume for the DIBH plans. Conclusion: Using the RPM system already available in the clinic, staff training, and patient coaching a simple DIBH program was setup. The use of DIBH has shown promise in reducing doses to the critical organs while maintaining PTV coverage for left sided breast treatments.

  18. Archived Reference Building Type: Hospital

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  19. Archived Reference Building Type: Hospital

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  20. Hospital Analytics | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    create a management system that cuts wait times and enables more efficient and quality care from admissions to discharge. It uses predictive software, analytics and modeling to...

  1. 2016 Middle School Science Bowl Participating Teams | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Middle School Science Bowl Participating Teams The following schools will be competing in the 2016 Ames Laboatory/Iowa State University Regional Middle School Science Bowl: Adel-DeSoto-Minburn (Adel) Ames - Team #1 Ames - Team #2 Boone Clarion-Goldfield Eleanor Roosevelt (Dubuque) Glenwood Le Mars Lenox Lynnville-Sully Madrid Melcher-Dallas New Hampton North Union (Swea City) Northwood-Kensett Ogden Pella Shenandoah Southeast Polk (Pleasant Hill) Southeast Valley (Burnside) St. Albert (Council

  2. Category:Hospital | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Memphis Tennessee (Utility Company).png SVHospital Nashville T... 71 KB SVHospital Salt Lake City UT Moon Lake Electric Assn Inc (Utah).png SVHospital Salt Lake C... 57 KB...

  3. Reference Buildings by Building Type: Hospital

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

  4. 2007 CBECS Large Hospital Building FAQs

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    FAQs Main Report | Methodology | FAQ | List of Tables CBECS 2007 - Release date: August 17, 2012 How were the data collected for this study? These data were collected with the 2007...

  5. Evaluation of Current Consensus Statement Recommendations for Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation: A Pooled Analysis of William Beaumont Hospital and American Society of Breast Surgeon MammoSite Registry Trial Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilkinson, J. Ben; Beitsch, Peter D.; Shah, Chirag; Arthur, Doug; Haffty, Bruce G.; Wazer, David E.; Shaitelman, Simona F.; Lyden, Maureen; Chen, Peter Y.; Vicini, Frank A.

    2013-04-01

    Purpose: To determine whether the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Consensus Statement (CS) recommendations for accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) are associated with significantly different outcomes in a pooled analysis from William Beaumont Hospital (WBH) and the American Society of Breast Surgeons (ASBrS) MammoSite® Registry Trial. Methods and Materials: APBI was used to treat 2127 cases of early-stage breast cancer (WBH, n=678; ASBrS, n=1449). Three forms of APBI were used at WBH (interstitial, n=221; balloon-based, n=255; or 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy, n=206), whereas all Registry Trial patients received balloon-based brachytherapy. Patients were divided according to the ASTRO CS into suitable (n=661, 36.5%), cautionary (n=850, 46.9%), and unsuitable (n=302, 16.7%) categories. Tumor characteristics and clinical outcomes were analyzed according to CS group. Results: The median age was 65 years (range, 32-94 years), and the median tumor size was 10.0 mm (range, 0-45 mm). The median follow-up time was 60.6 months. The WBH cohort had more node-positive disease (6.9% vs 2.6%, P<.01) and cautionary patients (49.5% vs 41.8%, P=.06). The 5-year actuarial ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR), regional nodal failure (RNF), and distant metastasis (DM) for the whole cohort were 2.8%, 0.6%, 1.6%. The rate of IBTR was not statistically higher between suitable (2.5%), cautionary (3.3%), or unsuitable (4.6%) patients (P=.20). The nonsignificant increase in IBTR for the cautionary and unsuitable categories was due to increased elsewhere failures and new primaries (P=.04), not tumor bed recurrence (P=.93). Conclusions: Excellent outcomes after breast-conserving surgery and APBI were seen in our pooled analysis. The current ASTRO CS guidelines did not adequately differentiate patients at an increased risk of IBTR or tumor bed failure in this large patient cohort.

  6. 2016MSSBresults

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5 13 2 6 3 7 14 4 8 19 9 15 L 7 16 11 17 L 14 18 20 21 CHAMPIONSHIP Champion Ames Middle School Runner-up LeMars Middle School Third Place Madrid Middle School Fourth Place Stilwell Middle School (WDM) Challenger Bracket Undefeated Bracket Science Bowl 2016 Double Elimination Competition (12 Teams) Ames #1 60 10 L 5 12 North Union 56 Lynville-Sully 58 LeMars 72 Northwood-Kensett 78 Boone 40 Madrid 56 North Union 34 Lynnville-Sully 52 Boone - Forfeit Adel-Desoto-Minburn Adel-Desoto-Minburn 36

  7. Department of Energy Announces the Launch of the Hospital Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Engineers (ASHRAE); Global Health and Safety Initiative (GHSI); and ... Media contact(s): (202) 586-4940 Addthis Related Articles Department of Energy and ...

  8. DOE Launches EnergySmart Hospitals to Promote Improved Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Jennifer Scoggins, (202) 586-4940 Addthis Related Articles Department of Energy Announces ... P.A. Capdau Charter School Gundersen Health System teamed up with La Crosse County to ...

  9. Energy Department's Hospital Energy Alliance Helps Partner Save...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Gundersen is investing in renewable energy solutions, including a biogas generator that ... Gunderson is even investing in a biogas generator that uses methane from a local landfill ...

  10. Distributed Generation Study/Wyoming County Community Hospital...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Combustion Engine Prime Mover Waukesha VGF L36GSID Heat Recovery Systems Built-in Fuel Natural Gas System Installer Gerster Trane System Enclosure Indoor System Application...

  11. 2007 CBECS Large Hospital Building FAQs: 2003-2007 Comparison...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    FAQs: 2003-2007 Comparison Graphs Main Report | Methodology | FAQ | List of Tables CBECS 2007 - Release date: August 17, 2012 Jump to: Figure 1 | Figure 2 | Figure 3 | Figure 4 |...

  12. Pre-Hospital Practices for Handling a Radiologically Contaminated Patient

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The purpose of this User’s Guide is to provide instructors with an overview of the key points covered in the video.  The Student Handout portion of this Guide is designed to assist the instructor...

  13. Hilton Worldwide is First Hospitality Company Certified under...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    based on the International Hilton Image.jpg Standards Organization (ISO) 50001 standard. ... For Hilton Worldwide, SEP certification follows the company's system-wide ISO 50001 Energy ...

  14. Text-Alternative Version: Better than CFL? Dimmable LED Downlights in Hospitality Facilities Webinar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Linda Sandahl: First, I’m very happy to welcome our speakers: Bob Davis of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Ardra Zinkon of Tec Studio.

  15. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.8 Hospitals and Medical Facilities

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    1 Medical Offices, Utilities Cost Per Square Foot ($2010) Expense All HVAC Electricity 2.39 1.81 1.84 Non-HVAC Electricity N/A 1.51 1.53 Natural Gas 0.52 0.41 0.41 Water/Sewer 0.15 0.22 0.21 Overall Utilities (1) 2.53 2.59 2.57 Note(s): Source(s): Downtown Suburban 1) Does not equal sum of the other categories. Can also include purchased steam, purchased chilled water, and fuel oil. BOMA International, The Experience Exchange Report 2010, 2010

  16. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.8 Hospitals and Medical Facilities

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    2 Inpatient Medical Facilities Square Footage, Delivered Energy, Energy Intensity, Selected Years (billion) 1999 1.87 0.43 229.0 2003 1.91 0.48 249.3 2008 2.15 0.45 210.1 2010 2.24 0.48 213.7 2015 2.45 0.51 208.2 2020 2.66 0.54 202.9 2025 2.88 0.56 194.8 2030 3.09 0.59 190.9 2035 3.30 0.61 184.6 Source(s): Total Square Footage Energy Use Energy Intensity (quadrillion Btus) (thousand Btus/SF) EIA, The Commercial Energy Consumption Survey 2003, Table A2, Census Region, Number of Buildings and

  17. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.8 Hospitals and Medical Facilities

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    5 Energy Benchmarks for Existing Outpatient Buildings, by Selected City and End-Use (thousand Btu per square foot) IECC Post Pre Post Pre Post Pre Post Pre Miami 1A 65.4 60.3 69.6 61.9 0.7 0.7 24.6 23.9 Houston 2A 73.2 76.2 54.0 52.9 0.8 0.8 22.1 24.0 Phoenix 2B 79.1 79.8 54.7 52.9 0.7 0.7 23.8 25.3 Atlanta 3A 83.1 91.1 41.8 42.1 0.9 0.9 22.1 24.6 Los Angeles 3B 87.8 86.3 37.4 35.6 0.9 0.9 22.5 23.1 Las Vegas 3B 76.6 80.5 44.1 44.0 0.8 0.8 23.2 25.5 San Francisco 3C 85.0 93.4 25.0 24.7 1.0 1.0

  18. Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.8 Hospitals and Medical Facilities

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    6 Energy Benchmarks for Newly Constructed Outpatient Buildings, by Selected City and End-Use (thousand Btu per square foot) Miami 1A Houston 2A Phoenix 2B Atlanta 3A Los Angeles 3B Las Vegas 3B San Francisco 3C Baltimore 4A Albuquerque 4B Seattle 4C Chicago 5A Boulder 5B Minneapolis 6A Helena 6B Duluth 7 Fairbanks 8 Note(s): Source(s): 99.7 8.8 1.4 17.7 Commercial building energy benchmarks are based off of the current stock of commercial buildings and are designed to provide a consistent

  19. SU-E-T-68: Clinical Implementation of Total Skin Electron Beam Therapy: A New- York Presbyterian Hospital Experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Afghan, M; Shih, R; Chen, H

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Total skin electron beam therapy (TSET) is used in the treatment of rare skin diseases such as mycosis fungoides, the most common type of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. We report our experience with clinical implementation of TSET. Methods: A modified six-dual-field irradiation technique was chosen to deliver TSET. A Varian Trilogy linear accelerator with a nominal 6 MeV beam using high dose rate total skin electron mode (HDTSe) was employed. The recommendations of AAPM task group report 23 were followed for the commissioning. An acrylic plate (energy degrader) of 3.2 mm depth was mounted on the HDTSe applicator. The nominal source to skin distance was set at 450 cm. The optimum tilt angle of the gantry was determined using NACP-02 ionization chamber embedded in certified therapy grade solid water. Percent depth dose measurements were performed using ionization chamber and radiochromic films embedded in solid water and anthropomorphic phantom. For absolute dose measurements, TG-51 formalism was employed. The dose distribution on the entire skin was measured by irradiating the anthropomorphic phantom, with TLDs attached, mimicking the real treatment. Results: The 3.2 mm acrylic plate mounted on the HDTSe applicator degraded the energy of the electron beam to 4.1 MeV in the treatment plane, located at an SSD of 450 cm. The optimum tilt angle was found to be ±20°. A single-dual field had a longitudinal uniformity, measured at a depth of dose maximum, of ±7% over a length of about 200 cm. For the entire treatment the multiplication factor was found to be 2.86. On the surface of the phantom, the dose varied from 108% to 93% of the prescription dose. Conclusion: We have successfully commissioned TSET meeting the guidelines of the TG report 23, and treated our first patient on February 25, 2014.

  20. Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Activites

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    *MERRTT 1082 EMERGENCY PERSONNEL TRAINED IN 2010 MERRTT *INCIDENT COMMAND SYSTEM *HOSPITAL PREPAREDNESS *HOSPITAL PREPAREDNESS *MEDICAL EXAMINER DISPATCHER (BETA) *DISPATCHER...

  1. Rebuilding it Better: Greensburg, Kansas, Kiowa County Memorial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    it Better: Greensburg, Kansas, Kiowa County Memorial Hospital (Brochure) (Revised) Rebuilding it Better: Greensburg, Kansas, Kiowa County Memorial Hospital (Brochure) (Revised)...

  2. http://southernhillshospital.com/

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Hospital * Copyright ehc.com; All rights reserved. Terms of Use * Privacy Notice * Social Media Policy * Newsroom * Site Map * Page 6 of 6 A full service hospital serving...

  3. ORISE: Exercise Builder software tool helps DOE design and implement...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Administration to develop an exercise tool for hospitals known as Exercise Builder: Hospital. The VA serves nearly eight million veteran enrollees and their families at more than...

  4. SU-E-CAMPUS-T-03: Four-Dimensional Dose Distribution Measurement...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The Cancer Institute Hospital, Koutoh Ward, Tokyo (Japan) National Cancer Center, Kashiwa, Chiba (Japan) University of Tokyo Hospital, Bunkyo Ward, Tokyo (Japan) Keio University ...

  5. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (1) Appelt, Ane Danish Colorectal Cancer Group South, Vejle Hospital, Vejle ...lb.regionsyddanmark.dk Danish Colorectal Cancer Group South, Vejle Hospital, Vejle ...

  6. Hanford prototype-barrier status report: FY 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ward, A.L.; Gee, G.W.; Link, S.O.

    1997-12-01

    An above-grade surface barrier consisting of a vegetated soil-cover, surrounded by gravel and rock side slopes, is being tested for the US Department of Energy (DOE). It is part of a treatability study at the 200-BP-1 Operable Unit in the 200 East Area of the Hanford Site, near Richland, Washington. The surface barrier, constructed in 1994, covers 2.5 ha (6.9 acre) of land surface and is situated over an inactive liquid-waste disposal crib. A set of under drains, built into the barrier using curbed asphalt, allows precise measurement of drainage from the soil cover and the side slopes. The treatability test includes measurements of water balance, wind and water erosion, subsidence, plant growth, and plant and animal intrusion. The test compares the performance of the barrier under ambient and simulated climate change (elevated precipitation) conditions. This report documents findings from the third year of testing.

  7. Los Alamos Science in the News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    resonance imaging to create images of the brain that can be used in field hospitals for ... resonance imaging to create images of the brain that can be used in field hospitals for ...

  8. Welcome to

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    * Nuclear Vendors Designing Reactor Systems * Hospitals and Medical Firms * Pharmaceutical Companies * National Defense Organizations * Investment Managers * Research Firms...

  9. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and business customers including industrial facilities, major remodels, offices, schools, hospitals, retail, non-profits and... Eligibility: Commercial, Construction,...

  10. A Case for Commissioning of CHP Systems- Presentation, April 2008

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This report details four CHP project case studies: San Francisco hotel; Los Angeles casino; Brooklyn laundry; hospital in Austin, Texas.

  11. Energy Upgrades to Alabama Trauma Center Help Improve Patient Care

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In Alabama, a Recovery Act grant is helping a hospital save energy while providing better care to its patients.

  12. Antitrust exemptions for international energy program participants, and schools and hospitals energy-conservation programs. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Energy and Power of the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, House of Representatives, Ninety-Sixth Congress, First Session on H. R. 4445, July 16, 1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    The text of H.R. 4445, a bill to amend the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA), is presented. The hearings were conducted to examine the activities of the oil companies that participated in voluntary agreements to carry out the international energy program. The conduct of that program by the governmental agencies and appropriate statutes are investigated. Under the provisions of EPCA, the voluntary agreements must be approved by the Attorney General. The law also requires that meetings of oil companies that participate in these agreements be closely monitored by Federal officials, that transcripts be made of all such meetings, and that all necessary steps are taken to insure that such activities have the minimum possible anticompetitive effects. If all of these procedures are followed, the law provides a limited antitrust immunity for the activities of the oil companies in carrying out these voluntary agreements. In general, the activities of the oil companies have two major roles in carrying out the international energy program: (1) they supply information to the International Energy Agency to aid it in analyzing the world oil supplies; (2) they establish the mechanisms that would be used by the agency if oil-sharing agreements under the program are triggered. Congressman John D. Dingell, presiding chairman at the hearings, expressed concern with the international energyprogram and the participation of the oil companies; the secrecy that surrounds the meetings of the oil companies; and the nature of the participation of the oil companies in the oil-sharing agreements. Witnesses testifying included Harry E. Bergold, DOE; Ky P. Ewing, Department of Justice; Robert Goodwin, DOE; Kamp, Steven, Lobel, Novins, and Lamont; Julius L. Katz, DOS; William J. Lamont, attorney; Willian B. McGurn, III and Charles D. Mahaffie, Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen, and Hamilton; Ronald B. Rowe and Marc G. Schildkraut, Federal Trade Commission.

  13. Nevada STEP Training

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to Provide Training For Hospital Personnel in Nevada CARLSBAD, N.M., January 15, 2001 - Radiation Management Consultants, Inc., (RMC) will host three separate hospital training sessions this week in the state of Nevada on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). RMC, based in Philadelphia, is contracted by the Westinghouse Waste Isolation Division to train hospital personnel in assessing and treating patients who may be contaminated with radioactive

  14. Next Generation Luminaire (NGL) Downlight Demonstration Project: St.

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Anthony's Hospital | Department of Energy Luminaire (NGL) Downlight Demonstration Project: St. Anthony's Hospital Next Generation Luminaire (NGL) Downlight Demonstration Project: St. Anthony's Hospital The U.S. DOE conducts demonstration projects documenting the performance of LED luminaires relative to conventional technologies to increase market adoption of energy-efficient LED systems and to stimulate ongoing product development. These demonstration projects evaluate various aspects of

  15. Vascular flora of the Rocky Flats area, Jefferson County, Colorado, USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, Jody K.

    2010-08-01

    The Rocky Flats Site (Site) is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facility near Golden, Colorado that produced nuclear weapons components during the Cold War. Like many federal properties that have been off-limits to public access for decades, it has become a refugia for biodiversity as surrounding landscapes have been lost to agriculture and urbanization. A floristic study of the area was conducted on approximately 2,505 ha (6,189 ac) and includes the parcels currently managed and operated by DOE and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge). A flora of 630 species of vascular plants in 84 families and 340 genera was documented, including 12 species endemic to the southern Rocky Mountains and seven species considered rare or imperiled by the Colorado Natural Heritage Program. The flora of the Site is characterized by a predominantly Western North American floristic element, however, an Adventive floristic element contributes the greatest number of species. The vegetation is dominated by xeric tallgrass prairie and mixed grass prairie, with areas of wetland, shrubland, and riparian woodland.

  16. Vascular flora of the Rocky Flats area, Jefferson County, Colorado, USA

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Nelson, Jody K.

    2010-08-01

    The Rocky Flats Site (Site) is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facility near Golden, Colorado that produced nuclear weapons components during the Cold War. Like many federal properties that have been off-limits to public access for decades, it has become a refugia for biodiversity as surrounding landscapes have been lost to agriculture and urbanization. A floristic study of the area was conducted on approximately 2,505 ha (6,189 ac) and includes the parcels currently managed and operated by DOE and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge). A flora of 630 species of vascular plants inmore » 84 families and 340 genera was documented, including 12 species endemic to the southern Rocky Mountains and seven species considered rare or imperiled by the Colorado Natural Heritage Program. The flora of the Site is characterized by a predominantly Western North American floristic element, however, an Adventive floristic element contributes the greatest number of species. The vegetation is dominated by xeric tallgrass prairie and mixed grass prairie, with areas of wetland, shrubland, and riparian woodland.« less

  17. Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sant'Andrea University Hospital, Interventional Radiology Unit (Italy) "Sacro Cuore" Catholic University, Radiology Department (Italy) Publication Date: 2013-11-06 OSTI Identifier: ...

  18. Spatial and temporal variations in indoor environmental conditions...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    conditions, human occupancy, and operational characteristics in a new hospital building Prev Next Title: Spatial and temporal variations in indoor environmental...

  19. Opportunity for cogeneration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manning, K.

    1996-10-01

    The Lethbridge Regional Hospital is a 264-bed acute care center that offered an excellent opportunity to use a cogeneration system to provide a substantial portion of the hospital`s electrical and steam requirements. Cogeneration is the cost-effective production of two useful forms of energy using a single energy source. The Lethbridge Regional Hospital cogeneration plant produces electrical energy and heat energy using natural gas as the single energy source. The cogeneration project has helped the facility save money on future utility bills, lowered operating costs and produced a cleaner source of power.

  20. Scientists ratchet up understanding of cellular protein factory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in development of new antibiotics used to fight multidrug resistant superbugs such as MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections) found in many U.S. hospitals. ...

  1. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in development of new antibiotics used to fight multidrug resistant superbugs such as MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections) found in many U.S. hospitals. ...

  2. Jane E. Lawton Conservation Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lawton Loans can be made to eligible nonprofits, including hospitals and private schools; local governments, including public school systems and community colleges; and businesses. (Eligible nonp...

  3. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    heating and cooling system upgrades. Eligible applicants include: Corporations Public school districts Hospitals (public, private, and non-profit) Institutions of higher learning...

  4. ESPC 2.0: How New Twists on Energy Savings Performance Contracting are Improving Energy Efficiency in U.S. Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Join Better Buildings Challenge Partners and Allies to learn how Energy Savings Performance Contracting (ESPC) is moving beyond the traditional education and hospital sector markets.

  5. Rebuilding It Better: Greensburg, Kansas, High Performance Buildings...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to Triumph: Rebuilding Greensburg, Kansas To Be a 100% Renewable Energy City: Preprint Rebuilding it Better: Greensburg, Kansas, Kiowa County Memorial Hospital (Brochure) (Revised)...

  6. Tacoma Power- Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Tacoma Power’s New Construction Program is designed for commercial and business customers including industrial facilities, major remodels, offices, schools, hospitals, retail, non-profits and...

  7. Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs Blog | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of South Alabama Medical Center. Energy Upgrades to Alabama Trauma Center Help Improve Patient Care In Alabama, a Recovery Act grant is helping a hospital save energy while...

  8. Q&As with 2015 ATPESC Scholars | Argonne Leadership Computing...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SchoolMIT department of Health Sciences and Technology. My research is in the neurology department at Massachusetts General Hospital, where we collect 10s of terabytes of...

  9. Type B Investigation Board Report on the April 2, 2002, Worker...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    sustained head injuries requiring hospitalization that exceeded the threshold for a Type B investigation in accordance with Department of Energy (DOE) Order 225.1A, Accident...

  10. Beijing PowerU Technology | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    company provide energy savings for large commercial and public buildings such as airport, hospitals and factories. Coordinates: 39.90601, 116.387909 Show Map Loading...

  11. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Geosciences...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Farrar) - NMR Athinoula A. Martinos Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard University Farrar, James M. (James M. Farrar) - Department of Chemistry, University of ...

  12. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Jane E. Lawton Conservation Loan Program Lawton Loans can be made to eligible nonprofits, including hospitals and private schools; local governments, including public school...

  13. Sector Collaborative on Energy Efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2008-06-01

    Helps stakeholders identify and act on cost-effective opportunities for expanding energy efficiency resources in the hospitality, retail, commercial real estate, grocery, and municipal sectors.

  14. Title 40 CFR 30 Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Administrative Requirements for Grants and Agreements with Institutions of Higher Education, Hospitals, and Other Non-Profit Organizations Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI...

  15. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    E. ; Patel, Shilpen ; Mulligan, Michael S. ; Douglas, James G. ; Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, WA ; Department of ...

  16. 2001 - 02 | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2001 Wed, 02212001 - 12:00am Clinical Tests Reveal Potential Breakthrough in Breast Cancer Detection (The George Washington University Hospital) Sun, 02182001 - 12:00am Next...

  17. Sandia National Laboratories: News: Publications: Lab News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to other bacteria. These opportunistic bacteria can grow on hospital surfaces or in lungs and tissues. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says about one in 25...

  18. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    lighting retrofits and heating and cooling system upgrades. Eligible applicants include: Corporations Public school districts Hospitals (public, private, and non-profit)...

  19. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    prescriptive rebates are available to commercial and industrial customers in a range of industries. Schools, non-profits, hospitals, government buildings and institutional...

  20. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Eligible applicants include: Corporations Public school districts Hospitals (public, private, and non-profit) Institutions of higher learning Sole proprietors and partnerships...

  1. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    school districts Hospitals (public, private, and non-profit) Institutions of higher learning Sole proprietors and partnerships National or regional headquarters operations...

  2. MDA- Energy Efficiency Revolving Loan Program | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    school districts Hospitals (public, private, and non-profit) Institutions of higher learning Sole proprietors and partnerships National or regional headquarters operations...

  3. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    upgrades. Eligible applicants include: Corporations Public school districts Hospitals (public, private, and non-profit) Institutions of higher learning Sole proprietors and...

  4. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Loan Program Lawton Loans can be made to eligible nonprofits, including hospitals and private schools; local governments, including public school systems and community...

  5. Category:Utility Rate Impacts on PV Economics By Building Type...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search Impact of Utility Rates on PV Economics Full Service Restaurant Hospital Large Hotel Large Office Medium Office Midrise Apartment Outpatient Primary School...

  6. A brief overview of some historical details of Oak Ridge, part...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    other major scientific achievements. ORINS, beginning in 1948, served for years as a hospital for terminally ill cancer patients seeking treatment through the use of radioactive...

  7. Midwest Microscopy Meeting on Multiphoton Microscopy and More...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rochester) Kevin Eliceiri (University of Wisconsin-Madison) Douglas Keene (Shriner's Hospital) John White (UW-Madison) The meeting will be held at the Evanston campus in the...

  8. GATEWAY Univ of Maryland Report | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    August 2015 POSTINGS Next Generation Luminaire (NGL) Downlight Demonstration Project: St. Anthony's Hospital SSL Adoption by Museums: Survey Results, Analysis, and Recommendations...

  9. Property:Distributed Generation/Site Description | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Store Commercial-Supermarket Commercial-Theater Commercial-Other Institutional-HospitalHealth Care Institutional-Nursing Home Institutional-SchoolUniversity...

  10. Locust Ridge II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Gamesa Developer Gamesa Energy Purchaser Hospital Customers Location PA Coordinates 40.7067, -76.2238 Show Map Loading map......

  11. New-Hire Packet

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    documents from the List of Acceptable Documents. Expired documents, document copies, hospital birth certificates and laminated documents are NOT acceptable. NOTE: Failure to...

  12. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and heating and cooling system upgrades. Eligible applicants include: Corporations Public school districts Hospitals (public, private, and non-profit) Institutions of higher...

  13. Cost and Reimbursement for Three Fibroid Treatments: Abdominal Hysterectomy, Abdominal Myomectomy, and Uterine Fibroid Embolization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goldberg, Jay Bussard, Anne; McNeil, Jean; Diamond, James

    2007-02-15

    Purpose. To compare costs and reimbursements for three different treatments for uterine fibroids. Methods. Costs and reimbursements were collected and analyzed from the Thomas Jefferson University Hospital decision support database from 540 women who underwent abdominal hysterectomy (n 299), abdominal myomectomy (n = 105), or uterine fibroid embolization (UFE) (n = 136) for uterine fibroids during 2000-2002. We used the chi-square test and ANOVA, followed by Fisher's Least Significant Difference test, for statistical analysis. Results. The mean total hospital cost (US$) for UFE was $2,707, which was significantly less than for hysterectomy ($5,707) or myomectomy ($5,676) (p < 0.05). The mean hospital net income (hospital net reimbursement minus total hospital cost) for UFE was $57, which was significantly greater than for hysterectomy (-$572) or myomectomy (-$715) (p < 0.05). The mean professional (physician) reimbursements for UFE, hysterectomy, and myomectomy were $1,306, $979, and $1,078, respectively. Conclusion. UFE has lower hospital costs and greater hospital net income than abdominal hysterectomy or abdominal myomectomy for treating uterine fibroids. UFE may be more financially advantageous than hysterectomy or myomectomy for the insurer, hospital, and health care system. Costs and reimbursements may vary amongst different hospitals and regions.

  14. ORISE: REAC/TS Radiological Incident Medical Consultation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ORISE provides advice and consultation to emergency personnel responsible for the medical management of radiation accidents. REACTS strengthens hospital preparedness for radiation...

  15. Better Buildings Challenge, Atlanta Nears Halfway Mark in Meeting...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    improvements across its building portfolio including offices, hospitals, and sports arenas, it is sharing these achievements more broadly with others and fostering competition...

  16. CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS IN DIVISION ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Safety Division; in 1953 became the Health and Safety Laboratory.) Formulation of a cancer research program including provision of beds for selected cancer patients in hospitals...

  17. Treatment Outcomes After Radiotherapy Alone for Patients With...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    hospitalized in the Cancer Center of Sun Yat-Sen University were collected and reviewed. ... Authors: Xiao Weiwei ; Han Fei 1 ; Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Center, Sun ...

  18. Results of a Phase 2 Study Examining the Effects of Omitting...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, ... China, Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Center of Sun Yat-Sen University, ...

  19. Athletic equipment microbiota are shaped by interactions with...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... M. Are gym surfaces reservoirs for Staphylococcus aureus? A point prevalence survey. ... the role of the inanimate environment in the incidence of hospital- acquired infections. ...

  20. CBECS Archive

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Archived Publications & Reports (Click on table headings to sort) Title Release Year Cycle Year Format Large Hospital Buildings in the United States in 2007 Release Date: August...

  1. Robotic Intelligent System | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Robotic Intelligent System Could Save Hospitals Millions Click to email this to a friend ... accuracy, all of the medical devices doctors need to perform life-saving procedures. ...

  2. NREL Scientist Brian Gregg Named AAAS Fellow - News Releases...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    his professional career working at a children's hospital in Berlin, Germany, studying diabetes in infants. He later returned to Oregon where he finished his bachelor's degree in...

  3. New global HIV vaccine design shows promise in monkeys

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    independent hospitals nationwide. BIDMC is clinically affiliated with the Joslin Diabetes Center and is a research partner of the Dana-FarberHarvard Cancer Center. BIDMC is...

  4. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    independent hospitals nationwide. BIDMC is clinically affiliated with the Joslin Diabetes Center and is a research partner of the Dana-FarberHarvard Cancer Center. BIDMC is...

  5. Semiannual Report to Congress: October 1, 2002 - March 31, 2003

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    effectively implemented and adequately managed its May 11, 1999, emergency medical response agreement with Stony Brook University Hospital (Stony Brook). The inspection...

  6. Improving the Quality and Scope of EIA Data

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... The following is a list of the North American Industry ... Assistance 621 Ambulatory Health Care Services 622 Hospitals ... Other Services (except Public Administration) 811 Repair ...

  7. Electric Power Monthly

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... The following is a list of the North American Industry ... Assistance 621 Ambulatory Health Care Services 622 Hospitals ... Other Services (except Public Administration) 811 Repair ...

  8. 2nd Else Kröner-Fresenius Symposium

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Application in Diagnostics and therapy" was organized by University Hospital Erlangen, Germany in Schloss Weienstein. Challa Kumar was one of the key note speakers and chaired a...

  9. Strategic Energy Planning - Mississippi Choctaw

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Hospital, Environmental, Tribal Administration, Forestry, Finance, Legal, Baker-Tilly (energy development consultants) Large energy users Anyone that would need to ...

  10. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    '05''Retail complex' '06''Religious campus or complex' '07''Hospital or other health care complex' '08''Lodging or resort complex' '09''Post office complex' '10''Other...

  11. BuildSmart NY Innovators Summit Offers Sneak Peek at Better Buildings...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    is approximately 205 million square feet of real estate, including universities, prisons, mental health hospitals, office buildings, and facilities that house its trains, buses,...

  12. Annual Report to Congress on Federal Government Energy Management...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... and Santa Fe Indian Hospital continue to purchase 10 ... photovoltaic systems at the San Andreas National Wildlife ... The Office of Real and Personal Property and Asset ...

  13. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: --...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard University de ... - Department of Biology, San Francisco State University ... de Magalhes, Joo Pedro (Joo Pedro de Magalhes) ...

  14. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: --...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    - Massachusetts General Hospital & Department of Stem Cell ... Mathematics and Statistics, San Diego State University ... do Rio de Janeiro Moreira, Pedro Lopes (Pedro Lopes Moreira) ...

  15. Healthcare Energy Efficiency Research and Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Black, Douglas R.; Lai, Judy; Lanzisera, Steven M; Parrish, Kristen D.; Singer, Brett C.

    2011-01-31

    Hospitals are known to be among the most energy intensive commercial buildings in California. Estimates of energy end-uses (e.g. for heating, cooling, lighting, etc.) in hospitals are uncertain for lack of information about hospital-specific mechanical system operations and process loads. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory developed and demonstrated a benchmarking system designed specifically for hospitals. Version 1.0 featured metrics to assess energy performance for the broad variety of ventilation and thermal systems that are present in California hospitals. It required moderate to extensive sub-metering or supplemental monitoring. In this new project, we developed a companion handbook with detailed equations that can be used toconvert data from energy and other sensors that may be added to or already part of hospital heating, ventilation and cooling systems into metrics described in the benchmarking document.This report additionally includes a case study and guidance on including metering into designs for new hospitals, renovations and retrofits. Despite widespread concern that this end-use is large and growing, there is limited reliable information about energy use by distributed medical equipment and other miscellaneouselectrical loads in hospitals. This report proposes a framework for quantifying aggregate energy use of medical equipment and miscellaneous loads. Novel approaches are suggested and tried in an attempt to obtain data to support this framework.

  16. Healthcare Energy: State University of New York Upstate Medical University East Wing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Building Technologies Office conducted a healthcare energy end-use monitoring project in partnership with two hospitals. This page contains highlights from monitoring at the the East Wing, a hospital building addition at the State University of New York Upstate Medical University.

  17. Hazardous medical waste generation rates of different categories of health-care facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Komilis, Dimitrios; Fouki, Anastassia; Papadopoulos, Dimitrios

    2012-07-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We calculated hazardous medical waste generation rates (HMWGR) from 132 hospitals. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Based on a 22-month study period, HMWGR were highly skewed to the right. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The HMWGR varied from 0.00124 to 0.718 kg bed{sup -1} d{sup -1}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A positive correlation existed between the HMWGR and the number of hospital beds. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We used non-parametric statistics to compare rates among hospital categories. - Abstract: Goal of this work was to calculate the hazardous medical waste unit generation rates (HMWUGR), in kg bed{sup -1} d{sup -1}, using data from 132 health-care facilities in Greece. The calculations were based on the weights of the hazardous medical wastes that were regularly transferred to the sole medical waste incinerator in Athens over a 22-month period during years 2009 and 2010. The 132 health-care facilities were grouped into public and private ones, and, also, into seven sub-categories, namely: birth, cancer treatment, general, military, pediatric, psychiatric and university hospitals. Results showed that there is a large variability in the HMWUGR, even among hospitals of the same category. Average total HMWUGR varied from 0.012 kg bed{sup -1} d{sup -1}, for the public psychiatric hospitals, to up to 0.72 kg bed{sup -1} d{sup -1}, for the public university hospitals. Within the private hospitals, average HMWUGR ranged from 0.0012 kg bed{sup -1} d{sup -1}, for the psychiatric clinics, to up to 0.49 kg bed{sup -1} d{sup -1}, for the birth clinics. Based on non-parametric statistics, HMWUGR were statistically similar for the birth and general hospitals, in both the public and private sector. The private birth and general hospitals generated statistically more wastes compared to the corresponding public hospitals. The infectious/toxic and toxic medical wastes appear to be 10% and 50% of the total hazardous medical wastes generated by the public cancer treatment and university hospitals, respectively.

  18. Healthcare Energy: State University of New York Upstate Medical...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Photo of an aerial view of the SUNY children's hospital City: Syracuse, NY Year Built: 1995 Total Floor Space: 143,000 ft2 The East Wing includes: the emergency medicine ...

  19. Heritage Is a Part of DOE Advisory Board Secretary's Interest...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    One of the hospital trustees was a bank president, and he offered her a job as the bank's marketing director. She later took a job at another bank doing merchant services. But...

  20. Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Systems

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The CHP systems program aimed to facilitate acceptance of distributed energy in end-use sectors by forming partnerships with industry consortia in the commercial building, merchant stores, light industrial, supermarkets, restaurants, hospitality, health care and high-tech industries.

  1. Meteorological Data Report for YKHC Bethel, Alaska

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of meteo object: YKHC - Bethel Hospital Weibull Data k-parameter correction: 0.0080m Sector A- parameter Mean wind speed k- parameter Frequency Frequency Wind shear ms m...

  2. Disneyland’s Dry Cleaning Gets an Energy Efficient Upgrade

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As the provider of laundry and dry cleaning services for Disneyland Resort’s costumes and hospitality supply items, L&N Costume and Linen Service knows a little something about both quantity and quality.

  3. ARM - Facility News Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to look at the science programs currently in place in Barrow, and to tour a proposed hospital site and the new Barrow Global Climate Change Research Facility currently under...

  4. SR-02-02

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Energy accident investigation. The injured worker has been released from the hospital and is in rehabilitation at a Georgia facility The direct cause of the fall was the...

  5. Best Management Practice #12: Laboratory and Medical Equipment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Equipment used in hospitals and laboratories can use significant amounts of water, offering the opportunity for substantial water savings by making a few small changes to how and when the water is used by the equipment.

  6. FEMP Focus - Jan/Feb 2003 Issue

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2003-02-01

    Features information about utility management, DOD invigorates utilities privatization effort, utilities conservation and appraisal board, Kennedy Space Center gains utility-financed infrastructure, Health Service Hospital earns Energy Star® label, and more for federal agencies.

  7. Combined Heat and Power System Enables 100% Reliability at Leading...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... The CHP system generated all the power needed to supply chilled water and steam to The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Texas Children's Hospital, and 16 other ...

  8. ORISE Resources: Community Assessment Tool for the CDC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Activity (HPA). The CAT is a tool that communities can use to assess their total health care readiness for a disaster-not just hospitals, but the entire health care system....

  9. Improving Healthcare Using Software | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    they may impact the stress level of caregivers which can also impact the quality of care; they can result in rushed medical procedures and lengthier hospital stays which raise...

  10. CX-002735: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CX-002735: Categorical Exclusion Determination New Hampshire Hospital Solar Hot Water Heater CX(s) Applied: A9, B5.1 Date: 06102010 Location(s): Concord, New Hampshire Office(s): ...

  11. CX-004099: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Advanced Energy Efficient Building Technologies for High Performance HospitalsCX(s) Applied: A9Date: 09/30/2010Location(s): Eugene, OregonOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  12. Water Data Collection in the 2007 CBECS

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Water Data Collection in the 2007 CBECS CBECS 2007 - Release date: August 28, 2012 Did you know? Select water data results are described in the accompanying report, Energy Characteristics and Energy Consumed in Large Hospital Buildings in the United States in 2007 and tabulated in 2007 CBECS Large Hospital Building List of Tables. The 2007 round of the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) was the first time in the 30 year CBECS history that questions about water consumption

  13. Healthcare Energy: Spotlight on Fans and Pumps | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fans and Pumps Healthcare Energy: Spotlight on Fans and Pumps Chilled water pumps at a central plant. Image by Warren Gretz, NREL/06196 Chilled water pumps at a central plant. Image by Warren Gretz, NREL/06196 The Building Technologies Office conducted a healthcare energy end-use monitoring project in partnership with two hospitals. See below for a few highlights from monitoring fan and pump energy use. Fans At the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) Gray Building, supply, return/exhaust, and

  14. Providence Newberg Medical Center

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Newberg, Oregon In 2002, Providence Health & Services began planning a new 188,000 square foot medical center in Newberg, Oregon to respond to the growing community's need for accessible health care. Since this was Providence's first new hospital in almost thirty years, its leaders decided to approach the project through innovative planning, design, and construction, including the achievement of lifecycle energy savings and a potential LEED certification. The hospital is comprised of 40 inpatient beds with views out to the surrounding rural landscape or into lushly planted internal courtyards.

  15. Design, construction, and startup of a concentrating photovoltaic solar energy system in Hawaii: Phase II. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spencer, R.; Harper, R.; Maberry, G.; Bedard, R.; Rafinejad, D.

    1982-10-01

    Acurex Corporation has designed, constructed, and is now operating a 35-kWp concentrating photovoltaic solar system located at the G.N. Wilcox Memorial Hospital in Lihue, Kauai, Hawaii. The facility consists of 446 m/sup 2/ (4800 ft/sup 2/) of parabolic trough photovoltaic collectors, an electrical power generation system which converts the direct current field output into grid-compatible alternating current power, and a thermal power subsystem for heating the hospital potable water. This report summarizes the design, construction, startup, and performance of this solar facility.

  16. Evaluating parallel relational databases for medical data analysis.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rintoul, Mark Daniel; Wilson, Andrew T.

    2012-03-01

    Hospitals have always generated and consumed large amounts of data concerning patients, treatment and outcomes. As computers and networks have permeated the hospital environment it has become feasible to collect and organize all of this data. This raises naturally the question of how to deal with the resulting mountain of information. In this report we detail a proof-of-concept test using two commercially available parallel database systems to analyze a set of real, de-identified medical records. We examine database scalability as data sizes increase as well as responsiveness under load from multiple users.

  17. Researchers Develop Multi-Sensing Probe To Assess Bed Sores | GE Global

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Scientists Develop Multi-sensing Handheld Probe to Assess and Prevent Pressure Ulcer Formation During Hospital Stays Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) GE Scientists Develop Multi-sensing Handheld Probe to Assess and Prevent Pressure Ulcer Formation During Hospital Stays Probe assesses ulcer

  18. Healthcare Energy: Spotlight on Chiller Plants | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Chiller Plants Healthcare Energy: Spotlight on Chiller Plants The Building Technologies Office conducted a healthcare energy end-use monitoring project in partnership with two hospitals. See below for a few highlights from monitoring chiller plant energy. Image of a chiller plant. Chiller Energy Annual site energy use intensities (EUIs) for chiller energy were estimated to be 27.7 kBtu/ft2-yr for the the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) Gray Building and 26.8 kBtu/ft2-yr for the State

  19. Medicare Supplemental

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Customer Service 877-878-LANL (5265) NM81157_01/01/16 National Medicare Supplement Medicare (Part A) Hospital Services - Per Benefit Period* SERVICES MEDICARE PAYS THIS PLAN PAYS YOU PAY** Hospitalization* Semiprivate room and board, general nursing, and miscellaneous services and supplies First 60 days All but $1,288 $1,288 (Part A deductible) $0 61st through 90th day All but $322 a day $322 a day $0 91st day and after: * While using 60 lifetime reserve days All but $644 a day $644 a day $0 *

  20. CX-000996: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Divine Providence Hospital-Susquehanna Health Combined Heat and Power ProjectCX(s) Applied: A9, B1.31, B5.1Date: 02/08/2010Location(s): PennsylvaniaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  1. CX-003498: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Oklahoma State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - Newman Memorial HospitalCX(s) Applied: B1.4, B2.1, B5.1Date: 08/17/2010Location(s): Shattuck, OklahomaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  2. CX-007589: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Energy Efficiency Program for Municipalities, Schools, Hospitals, Public Colleges and Universities CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, A11, B1.4, B2.2, B5.1 Date: 12/23/2011 Location(s): New York Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

  3. CX-003166: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Holy Cross Hospital Lighting RetrofitCX(s) Applied: A9, B2.2, B2.5, B5.1, B6.3Date: 07/23/2010Location(s): Chicago, IllinoisOffice(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  4. The use of artificial neural networks and multiple linear regression to predict rate of medical waste generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jahandideh, Sepideh Jahandideh, Samad; Asadabadi, Ebrahim Barzegari; Askarian, Mehrdad; Movahedi, Mohammad Mehdi; Hosseini, Somayyeh; Jahandideh, Mina

    2009-11-15

    Prediction of the amount of hospital waste production will be helpful in the storage, transportation and disposal of hospital waste management. Based on this fact, two predictor models including artificial neural networks (ANNs) and multiple linear regression (MLR) were applied to predict the rate of medical waste generation totally and in different types of sharp, infectious and general. In this study, a 5-fold cross-validation procedure on a database containing total of 50 hospitals of Fars province (Iran) were used to verify the performance of the models. Three performance measures including MAR, RMSE and R{sup 2} were used to evaluate performance of models. The MLR as a conventional model obtained poor prediction performance measure values. However, MLR distinguished hospital capacity and bed occupancy as more significant parameters. On the other hand, ANNs as a more powerful model, which has not been introduced in predicting rate of medical waste generation, showed high performance measure values, especially 0.99 value of R{sup 2} confirming the good fit of the data. Such satisfactory results could be attributed to the non-linear nature of ANNs in problem solving which provides the opportunity for relating independent variables to dependent ones non-linearly. In conclusion, the obtained results showed that our ANN-based model approach is very promising and may play a useful role in developing a better cost-effective strategy for waste management in future.

  5. CX-000771: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    New York Revised Narrative Information Worksheet for Energy Efficiency Program for Municipalities, Schools, Hospitals, Public CollegesCX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.1Date: 02/03/2010Location(s): Albany, New YorkOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  6. Baltimore Boy's Asthma Improved Through Retrofit

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lekquan Young rushed her 8-month-old son to the hospital when she noticed his chest looked sunken as he breathed. The doctor told her that her baby son had asthma. Today, her son is 8 years old and has suffered frequent asthma attacks at home.

  7. NREL Recommends Ways to Cut Building Energy Costs in Half (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-07-01

    Building designers and operators could cut energy use by 50% in large office buildings, hospitals, schools, and a variety of stores - including groceries, general merchandise outlets, and retail outlets - by following the recommendations of researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).

  8. Audit Report: IG-0861 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1 Audit Report: IG-0861 March 26, 2012 Management of Bonneville Power Administration's Information Technology Program The Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) provides about 30 percent of wholesale electric power to regional utilities that service homes, hospitals, financial institutions, commercial entities and military installations in the Pacific Northwest. Bonneville makes extensive use of various information systems in its daily operations, including electricity transmission

  9. ORISE: Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site (REAC/TS)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    How ORISE is Making a Difference Overview CBL International Exercise Emergency Response Training International Training RANET Asset CBL BioDoseNet CBL's Empire 09 Support NASA Support International Partnerships Resources Overview Frequently Asked Questions about Radiation Understanding Radiation Video Series The Medical Aspects of Radiation Incidents Dose Estimates and Compendia Procedure Demonstrations for Contaminated Patients Hospital Triage Article Radiation Treatment Medication Package

  10. Polyelectrolytes: Wastewater and sewage treatment. (Latest citations from the Selected Water Resources Abstracts database). Published Search

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-02-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning polyelectrolytes in wastewater and water treatment. Topics include flocculation, coagulation, separation techniques, pollutant identification, water pollution sources, and sludge dehydration. Hospital wastewater processing, methods of synthesizing polyelectrolyte complexes, and performance evaluations of polyelectrolytes are also discussed. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  11. Polyelectrolytes: Wastewater and sewage treatment. (Latest citations from the Selected Water Resources Abstracts database). Published Search

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning polyelectrolytes in wastewater and water treatment. Topics include flocculation, coagulation, separation techniques, pollutant identification, water pollution sources, and sludge dehydration. Hospital wastewater processing, methods of synthesizing polyelectrolyte complexes, and performance evaluations of polyelectrolytes are also discussed. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  12. Managing Radiation Emergencies: Prehospital Guidance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Guidance for Prehospital Emergency Services Guidance for Hospital Medical Management Procedure Demonstration How do you manage emergencies? Guidance for Prehospital Emergency Services Introduction Guidelines for Incident Command Identification of the Hazard Establishing a Control Zone Guidelines for Emergency Medical Management General Guidelines for Responding to a Fire General Guidelines for Responding to a Spill or Leak Recommendations for Managing a Nuclear Weapons Accident Introduction

  13. Office of Counterterrorism Policy and Cooperation | National Nuclear

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Security Administration Office of Counterterrorism Policy and Cooperation Office of Counterterrorism Policy and Cooperation Gamma Shield Thunder Exercise Concludes National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and the FBI announced today the completion of the Gamma Shield Thunder counterterrorism table-top exercise at LDS Hospital. The exercise is part

  14. NREL Recommends Ways to Cut Building Energy Costs in Half (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-08-01

    Building designers and operators could cut energy use by 50% in large office buildings, hospitals, schools, and a variety of stores -- including groceries, general merchandise outlets, and retail outlets -- by following the recommendations of NREL researchers. The innovative energy-saving recommendations are contained in technical support documents and Advanced Energy Design Guides compiled by NREL.

  15. Preventing Absenteeism and Promoting Resilience Among Health Care Workers In Biological Emergencies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesperance, Ann M.; Miller, James S.

    2009-05-08

    The ability to ensure adequate numbers of medical staff represents a crucial part of the medical response to any disaster. However, healthcare worker absenteeism during disasters, especially in the event of an attack of biological terrorism or an epidemic such as pandemic influenza, is a serious concern. Though a significant rate of absenteeism is often included as a baseline assumption in emergency planning, published reports on strategies to minimize absenteeism are comparatively few. This report documents interviews with managers and emergency response planners at hospitals and public health agencies and reviews existing survey data on healthcare worker absenteeism and studies of disasters to glean lessons about the needs of healthcare workers during those disasters. Based on this research, expected rates of absenteeism and individual determinants of absenteeism are presented along with recommendations of steps that hospitals, emergency medical services departments, public health organizations, and government agencies can take to meet the needs of healthcare workers and minimize absenteeism during a biological event.

  16. Twenty years after '95: What climate change means for heat waves, cities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and forecasting | Argonne National Laboratory Twenty years after '95: What climate change means for heat waves, cities and forecasting By Payal Marathe * October 1, 2015 Tweet EmailPrint The 1995 Chicago heat wave was a defining moment for the city. With four days of non-stop, sweltering heat and humidity, hospital emergency rooms were overwhelmed. There were thousands of heat-related illnesses and more than 700 deaths. Two decades later, public health and government officials are

  17. NREL: Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Research - Market Transformation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Market Transformation NREL's market transformation activities address technical and non-technical barriers to the commercialization of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies to ensure that laboratory advances can be realized in the marketplace. Projects focus on deploying hydrogen and fuel cells in key early markets-specialty vehicles, backup and remote power, portable power, and primary power for critical applications such as hospitals or data centers-and renewable hydrogen production

  18. SREL Reprint #3150

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0 Three New Subspecies of Trachemys venusta (Testudines: Emydidae) from Honduras, Northern Yucatan (Mexico), and Pacific Coastal Panama William P. McCord1, Mehdi Joseph-Ouni2, Cris Hagen3, and Torsten Blanck4 1East Fishkill Animal Hospital, Hopewell Junction, NY, USA 2EO Wildlife & Wilderness Conservation, Brooklyn NY, USA 3Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, Aiken, SC, USA 4Forstgartenstr 44, Deutschlandsberg, Austria Abstract: Upon examination of live and preserved specimens from across the

  19. Apr2003z

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    April the Y-12 Care Package Project brought in more than $8,000 that will be used to purchase much-needed items for our troops. The Pentagon has sanctioned some creative ways to support our troops without unnecessarily adding to the mail congestion. Two major efforts that the military has encouraged are Operation Uplink and Operation United Service Organizations Care Package. Operation Uplink is a unique program that keeps military per- sonnel and hospitalized veterans in touch with their

  20. Portable MRI could aid wounded soldiers and children in the Third World

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Portable MRI could aid wounded soldiers and children in the Third World Alumni Link: Opportunities, News and Resources for Former Employees Latest Issue:September 2015 all issues All Issues » submit Portable MRI could aid wounded soldiers and children in the Third World Scientists are developing an ultra-low-field Magnetic Resonance Imaging system that could be low-power and lightweight enough for forward deployment on the battlefield and to field hospitals in the World's poorest regions July

  1. New Laser Targets Fat | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laser Targets Fat Ivanhoe Newswire Researchers at the Wellman Center for Photomedicine at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, and the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab) in Newport News, Va., are the first to show a laser can heat body fat without harming the skin. The new study measured how different wavelengths of infrared laser light -- 800 nanometers to 2,600 nanometers -- heated human fat from surgically removed tissue

  2. Veteran's Affairs Health Care System, West Haven, Connecticut | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy Veteran's Affairs Health Care System, West Haven, Connecticut Veteran's Affairs Health Care System, West Haven, Connecticut Overview The West Haven (Connecticut) Campus of the Veterans Affairs Connecticut Health Care System was the first Veteran's Hospital to award a shared energy savings (SES) contract (now known as energy savings performance contracts). The project involves replacement of the lighting system, installation of a cooling system, maintenance of the new chiller

  3. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Kaiser Permanente | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Kaiser Permanente Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Kaiser Permanente Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Kaiser Permanente As part of its commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and creating healthy communities, Kaiser Permanente plans to host plug-in electric vehicle charging stations at an initial 45 hospitals and other locations through 2015, with additional locations throughout the U.S. coming online at a later time. Hosting charging stations is a natural fit for

  4. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: University of Maryland Baltimore

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Washington Medical Center | Department of Energy Maryland Baltimore Washington Medical Center Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: University of Maryland Baltimore Washington Medical Center Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: University of Maryland Baltimore Washington Medical Center The University of Maryland Baltimore Washington Medical Center (UM BWMC) is an energy efficient organization. UM BWMC's Green Health Committee is made up of hospital leaders, managers, nurses and staff

  5. Healthcare Energy End-Use Monitoring | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Healthcare Energy End-Use Monitoring Healthcare Energy End-Use Monitoring NREL partnered with two hospitals (MGH and SUNY UMU) to collect data on the energy used for multiple thermal and electrical end-use categories, including preheat, heating, and reheat; humidification; service water heating; cooling; fans; pumps; lighting; and select plug and process loads. Additional data from medical office buildings were provided for an analysis focused on plug loads. Facility managers, energy managers,

  6. Healthcare Energy: Spotlight on Medical Equipment | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Medical Equipment Healthcare Energy: Spotlight on Medical Equipment The Building Technologies Office conducted a healthcare energy end-use monitoring project in partnership with two hospitals. Additional plug load data from medical office buildings were provided by Mazzetti, Inc. See below for a few highlights from monitoring large medical imaging equipment and medical office building plug loads. Graphic showing the average weekday energy use of a CT machine. Graph showing average weekday energy

  7. Healthcare Energy: Using End-Use Data to Inform Decisions | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Using End-Use Data to Inform Decisions Healthcare Energy: Using End-Use Data to Inform Decisions The Building Technologies Office conducted a healthcare energy end-use monitoring project in partnership with two hospitals. See below for ideas about how to use end-use data to inform decisions in your facility. The relative magnitude of the energy consumption of different end uses can be a starting point for prioritizing energy investments and action, whether the scope under

  8. Type B Investigation Board Report on the April 2, 2002, Worker Fall from Shoring/Scaffolding Structure at the Savannah River Site Tritium Extraction Facility Construction Site

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On April 2, 2002, a carpenter helping to erect shoring/scaffolding fell about 52” and struck his head. He sustained head injuries requiring hospitalization that exceeded the threshold for a Type B investigation in accordance with Department of Energy (DOE) Order 225.1A, Accident Investigation. The accident occurred at the DOE’s Savannah River Site (SRS) at the Tritium Extraction Facility (TEF) construction site.

  9. Homeowners: Respond to Power Outages | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Power Outages Homeowners: Respond to Power Outages Homeowners: Respond to Power Outages After a disaster, electric utilities and government officials will first work to restore power to critical infrastructure like power plants and transmission lines, water treatment facilities, and telecommunications networks, and also to hospitals, critical care facilities, and emergency response agencies. It may take several days or even weeks to restore power to individual homeowners, but here's what you can

  10. Assessing Pathways in Aruba

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2: Assessing Opportunity Pathways Assessing Pathways in Aruba In 2010, Prime Minister Eman of Aruba expressed an ambitious goal: to transition Aruba to 100% renew- able energy by 2020. Aruba offers a valuable example of how to approach vision and goal setting for an energy project or initiative. Challenge Strong tourism and growth in the hospitality industry are boosting economic development for the island of Aruba. However, like many islands and remote locations, Aruba must import thousands of

  11. Audit Report: OAS-B-03-01 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1 Audit Report: OAS-B-03-01 April 28, 2003 Power Marketing Administration Infrastructure Protection The Department of Energy's Power Marketing Administrations (PMA) provide electric power used in homes, hospitals, financial institutions, and military installations. Customers in 22 Western and Southwestern states depend on the reliable and cost-effective delivery of this power. To provide this service, the PMAs maintain an infrastructure that includes electrical substations, high-voltage

  12. Using Backup Generators | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Generators Using Backup Generators Using Backup Generators Power outages are commonplace during disasters, and they may last for several days. You can reduce losses and speed the recovery process by installing an emergency generator. Portable generators made for household use can provide temporary power to a small number of selected appliances or lights, and commercial generators can help prevent the interruption of operations at businesses and critical infrastructure facilities like hospitals,

  13. ORISE Resources: Radiological and Nuclear Terrorism: Medical Response to

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mass Casualties Training Clinicians for Response to a Radiological or Nuclear Terrorism Attack The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and its Radiation Studies Branch in the National Center for Environmental Health asked the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) to develop a Web-based and CD-ROM training program to prepare clinicians-medical doctors and registered nurses in hospital emergency service settings-on how to locally respond to mass casualties that may

  14. 50% Advanced Energy Design Guides: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonnema, E.; Leach, M.; Pless, S.; Liu, B.; Wang, W.; Thornton, B.; Williams, J.

    2012-07-01

    This paper presents the process, methodology, and assumptions for the development of the 50% Energy Savings Advanced Energy Design Guides (AEDGs), a design guidance document that provides specific recommendations for achieving 50% energy savings above the requirements of ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004 in four building types: (1) Small to medium office buildings, (2) K-12 school buildings, (3) Medium to big box retail buildings, (4) Large hospital buildings.

  15. Free-Electron Laser Targets Fat | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Free-Electron Laser Targets Fat April 10, 2006 Free-Electron Laser Scientists Rox Anderson, right, and Free-Electron Laser Scientist Steve Benson, left, discuss laser beam parameters while conducting the experiment on pig fat. Image courtesy: Greg Adams, Jefferson Lab Boston, Mass. - Fat may have finally met its match: laser light. Researchers at the Wellman Center for Photomedicine at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School and the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National

  16. Exposure Evaluation Process

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Exposure Evaluation Process for Tank Farm Workers L.B. Sandy Rock, MD, MPH Risk Communication HPMC Occupational Medical Services An increase in the number of tank farm vapor exposures has led to many questions and concerns among workers and management. * During regular clinic hours, HPMC OMS is responsible for the medical evaluation of workers reporting exposure to vapors. * At other times, workers are taken to Kadlec Hospital which has an arrangement with DOE/HPMC OMS to evaluate, treat, refer

  17. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Speeding access to science information from DOE and Beyond Imperative for Accelerating the Advancement of Science by Dr. Walt Warnick on Mon, Sep 23, 2013 American Citizens Need Basic Research Some time ago, a friend, a young father of two, lay in a hospital bed seriously ill. The physician said there was no treatment. The pancreas was secreting substances that were digesting itself and destroying surrounding tissue. Some patients recover on their own; others do not. Natural laws may allow

  18. Healthcare Energy Metering Guidance (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-07-01

    This brochure is intended to help facility and energy managers plan and prioritize investments in energy metering. It offers healthcare-specific examples of metering applications, benefits, and steps that other health systems can reproduce. It reflects collaborative input from the U.S. Department of Energy national laboratories and the health system members of the DOE Hospital Energy Alliance's Benchmarking and Measurement Project Team.

  19. Public Bonding Options | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Bonding Options Public Bonding Options Traditionally, state and local governments (as well as certain other nonprofit organizations such as universities and hospitals) have had the ability to issue debt, in the form of bonds, to finance construction and/or improvements to public infrastructure. Bonds issued by state and local governments-often referred to as municipal or public bonds-can also be used, under certain circumstances for private activities. Public bonds vary by tax liability, as well

  20. COLLOQUIUM: The Electrical System of the Heart | Princeton Plasma Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lab May 20, 2015, 4:15pm to 5:30pm Colloquia COLLOQUIUM: The Electrical System of the Heart Professor David J. Callans, M.D. Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania The electrical system of the heart is uniquely designed to promote organization and prevent disorder. Despite this, many people suffer from arrhythmias. Atrial fibrillation affects almost 5 million Americans and sudden cardiac death, in part caused by ventricular arrhythmias, is the leading cause of mortality in industrialized

  1. Can Studying Infinite Dimensional Space Help Us Improve Healthcare? |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Princeton Plasma Physics Lab March 1, 2014, 9:30am to 11:00am Science On Saturday MBG Auditorium Can Studying Infinite Dimensional Space Help Us Improve Healthcare? Dr. David Scheinker, Joint Research Fellow at The MIT Sloan School of Management and Massachusetts General Hospital Massachusetts Institute of Technology Presentation: PDF icon Presentation Abstract: PDF icon David Scheinker.pdf Can Studying Infinite Dimensional Space Help Us Improve Healthcare

  2. Laboratory Equipment Donation Program - Guidelines/FAQ

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Frequently Asked Questions Who is eligible to apply for equipment? Due to budget constraints, the free shipping program for "high need schools" has been discontinued; and middle and high schools are no longer eligible to participate in the Laboratory Equipment Donation Program (LEDP) program. Participation in the LEDP is limited to accredited, post graduate, degree granting institutions including universities, colleges, junior colleges, technical institutes, museums, or hospitals,

  3. US-India Center for Building Energy R&D (CBERD)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Mathew, pamathew@lbl.gov Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory US-India Center for Building Energy R&D (CBERD) Monitoring and Benchmarking 2015 Building Technologies Office Peer Review 2 Project Summary Timeline: Start date: Oct 2012; Planned end date: Sep 2017 Key Milestones 1. Technical specifications for cost-effective Energy Information Systems packages for hotels and hospitals. (Sep 2015) 2. New techniques to increase flexibility and applicability of whole-building benchmarking needs.

  4. Best Management Practice #12: Laboratory and Medical Equipment | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy 12: Laboratory and Medical Equipment Best Management Practice #12: Laboratory and Medical Equipment Equipment used in hospitals and laboratories can use significant amounts of water, offering the opportunity for substantial water savings by making a few small changes to how and when the water is used by the equipment. Water-consuming equipment in laboratories and medical facilities include water purification systems, sterilization and disinfection systems photographic and x-ray

  5. Type A Investigation of the Electrical Arc Injury at the Stanford Linear

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Accelerator Complex on October 11, 2004 | Department of Energy of the Electrical Arc Injury at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Complex on October 11, 2004 Type A Investigation of the Electrical Arc Injury at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Complex on October 11, 2004 November 15, 2004 On October 11, 2004, at approximately 11:15 am, a subcontractor electrician working at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) received serious burn injuries requiring hospitalization due to an electrical

  6. Type B Investigation Board Report on the June 19, 1997, Occupational

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Illness at the Y-12 Plant, Oak Ridge, Tennessee | Department of Energy Investigation Board Report on the June 19, 1997, Occupational Illness at the Y-12 Plant, Oak Ridge, Tennessee Type B Investigation Board Report on the June 19, 1997, Occupational Illness at the Y-12 Plant, Oak Ridge, Tennessee October 22, 1997 An occupational illness at the Y-12 Site resulting in a five-day hospitalization was investigated. In conducting its investigation, the Type B Investigation Board (Board) held

  7. Audit Report: IG-0842 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    2 Audit Report: IG-0842 October 7, 2010 Report on Critical Asset Vulnerability and Risk Assessments at the Power Marketing Administrations--Followup Audit The Department of Energy's largest Power Marketing Administrations (PMAs), Bonneville, Western Area, and Southwestern, provide wholesale electric power to utilities for use in homes, hospitals, financial institutions and military installations. Serving the electricity supply needs of millions of citizens in the western part of the United

  8. Business Owners: Prepare for Fuel Shortages | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Fuel Shortages Business Owners: Prepare for Fuel Shortages Business Owners: Prepare for Fuel Shortages You may need fuel for vehicles, generators, and other equipment to continue operating your business during an emergency. During a shortage, local authorities and fuel suppliers will prioritize getting fuel to key assets such as emergency operations centers, hospitals, food supply dealers, water supply plants, and telecommunication networks. Plan ahead to help make sure you have adequate

  9. Researchers Uncover Copper's Potential for Reducing CO2 Emissions in

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Chemical Looping | Department of Energy Researchers Uncover Copper's Potential for Reducing CO2 Emissions in Chemical Looping Researchers Uncover Copper's Potential for Reducing CO2 Emissions in Chemical Looping February 18, 2016 - 11:33am Addthis Researchers Uncover Copper’s Potential for Reducing CO2 Emissions in Chemical Looping Copper. It's been used in wires, pipes, and pennies for decades. Ancient Egyptians used it to sterilize wounds and clean drinking water. Today some hospitals

  10. Jim J. Green | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Jim J. Green About Us Jim J. Green - Lead Small Business Specialist Jim J. Green Jim is the Lead Small Business Specialist at the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business. Jim is a military veteran, and served as an Acquisition Officer. In addition, he was an experienced buyer and small business advocate at a DOE laboratory site. Jim earned his Masters of Science in Business Administration with emphasis in Hospital Administration from the University of Northern

  11. Perlick: Agreement (2010-SE-0109) | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Agreement (2010-SE-0109) Perlick: Agreement (2010-SE-0109) February 7, 2011 DOE and Perlick Residential & Hospitality Products entered into a Compromise Agreement in which Perlick agreed to pay a $5,000 civil penalty after DOE found that Perlick had manufactured and distributed in commerce in the U.S. model HP72ROO-S, a noncompliant refrigerator. The Compromise Agreement reflected the settlement terms between DOE and Perlick. PDF icon Perlick: Agreement (2010-SE-0109) More Documents &

  12. Advanced Energy Design Guides | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Commercial Buildings » Design & Decision Support Tools » Advanced Energy Design Guides Advanced Energy Design Guides Cover of Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small to Medium Office Buildings The 50% AEDGs provide practical approaches to achieve 50% energy savings compared to base code requirements. Download them free from ASHRAE: Small to Medium Office Buildings K-12 School Buildings Medium to Big Box Retail Buildings Large Hospitals Grocery Stores The Advanced Energy Design Guides

  13. Investigation of the July 1, 2011, Fall Injury at the Savannah River Site |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Department of Energy July 1, 2011, Fall Injury at the Savannah River Site Investigation of the July 1, 2011, Fall Injury at the Savannah River Site August 8, 2011 On July 1, 2011, a worker fell from portable scaffolding during facility modifications in the Purification Area Vault (PAV) of Building 105-K at the Savannah River Site (SRS). The worker required hospitalization due to sustained head injury and numerous broken ribs. This accident meets Accident Investigation Criteria 2.a.2 of

  14. Letter on Low-Level Radiation Research | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Letter on Low-Level Radiation Research Letter on Low-Level Radiation Research The Secretary of Energy Advisory Board (SEAB) transmitted a letter to the Department regarding its perspective on how DOE should pursue research on low-level radiation. SEAB recommends DOE continue to sponsor a small, sustained, high quality research program primarily in DOE laboratories as well as centers of excellence within universities, medical schools, and hospitals. PDF icon SEAB Letter on Low-Level Radiation

  15. Nez Perce Tribe Energy Efficient Facility Installation

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Energy Efficient Facility Installation Getting to Know Us * Established by treaty with the United States government in 1868, the current Reservation consists of 770,000 acres of which only 124,000 are tribally-owned. The hospitality of the Nez Perce people has been famous since the Lewis and Clark party stumbled over the mountains in 1805. * Part of five Idaho counties, Nez Perce, Lewis, Latah, Idaho and Clearwater Counties, are located within the reservation boundary. The cities of Lapwai and

  16. The Saunders Hotel Group has been at the forefront of environmental

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Saunders Hotel Group has been at the forefront of environmental advances in the hospitality industry for over fifteen years. The Boston- based family business, which owns and operates The Lenox and Copley Square Hotels as well as the Comfort Inn & Suites Boston/Airport, has instituted more than 90 innovative, eco-friendly programs company wide. Their pioneering efforts have demonstrated for hotels worldwide how environmental measures can build customer loyalty and employee productivity while

  17. Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.9 On-Site Power

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    2 Average Combined Heat and Power Capacity as of 2011, Selected Building Type and Prime Mover (kW) Combustion Reciprocating Turbine Engine Fuel Cell Microturbine Multifamily Buildings Colleges/Univ Restaurants Hospitals/Healthcare Hotels Justice/Public Order General Merch. Stores Nursing Homes Office General Gov't Schools K-12 Community Services Source(s): Energy and Environmental Analysis Inc, The Combined Heat and Power Database, http://www.eea-inc.com/chpdata/index.html - 124 200 - - - - 322

  18. Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.9 On-Site Power

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    3 Installed Combined Heat and Power Capacity as of 2011, Selected Building Type and Prime Mover (MW) Combustion Reciprocating Turbine Engine Fuel Cell Microturbine Multifamily Buildings Colleges/Univ Restaurants Hospitals/Healthcare Hotels Justice/Public Order General Merch. Stores Nursing Homes Office General Gov't Schools K-12 Community Services Total Source(s): 4355 Energy and Environmental Analysis Inc, The Combined Heat and Power Database, http://www.eea-inc.com/chpdata/index.html 1201 649

  19. Buildings Energy Data Book: 9.1 ENERGY STAR

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    3 ENERGY STAR Commercial and Institutional Buildings and Industrial Plants (1) Building Type 1999 Office 2000 K-12 School 2001 Retail 2002 Hospital (General and Surgical) 2003 Supermarket/Grocery 2004 Hotel 2005 Bank/Financial Institution 2006 Warehouse (Unrefrigerated) 2007 Courthouse 2008 Medical Office 2009 Residence Hall/Dormitory 2010 Senior Care Facility 2011 Data Center Total (2) Warehouse (Refrigerated) House of Worship Industrial Plants Total Note(s): Source(s): 1) Data as of February

  20. A Multi-institutional Study of Factors Influencing the Use of Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Brain Metastases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodgson, David C.; Charpentier, Anne-Marie; Cigsar, Candemir; Atenafu, Eshetu G.; Ng, Angela; Bahl, Guarav; Zadeh, Gelareh; San Miguel, John; Menard, Cynthia; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario

    2013-02-01

    Purpose: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for brain metastases is a relatively well-studied technology with established guidelines regarding patient selection, although its implementation is technically complex. We evaluated the extent to which local availability of SRS affected the treatment of patients with brain metastases. Methods and Materials: We identified 3030 patients who received whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) for brain metastases in 1 of 7 cancer centers in Ontario. Clinical data were abstracted for a random sample of 973 patients. Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with the use of SRS as a boost within 4 months following WBRT or at any time following WBRT. Results: Of 898 patients eligible for analysis, SRS was provided to 70 (7.8%) patients at some time during the course of their disease and to 34 (3.8%) patients as a boost following WBRT. In multivariable analyses, factors significantly associated with the use of SRS boost following WBRT were fewer brain metastases (odds ratio [OR] = 6.50), controlled extracranial disease (OR = 3.49), age (OR = 0.97 per year of advancing age), and the presence of an on-site SRS program at the hospital where WBRT was given (OR = 12.34; all P values were <.05). Similarly, availability of on-site SRS was the factor most predictive of the use of SRS at any time following WBRT (OR = 5.98). Among patients with 1-3 brain metastases, good/fair performance status, and no evidence of active extracranial disease, SRS was provided to 40.3% of patients who received WBRT in a hospital that had an on-site SRS program vs 3.0% of patients who received WBRT at a hospital without SRS (P<.01). Conclusions: The availability of on-site SRS is the factor most strongly associated with the provision of this treatment to patients with brain metastases and appears to be more influential than accepted clinical eligibility factors.

  1. Community Assessment Tool for Public Health Emergencies Including Pandemic Influenza

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HCTT-CHE

    2011-04-14

    The Community Assessment Tool (CAT) for Public Health Emergencies Including Pandemic Influenza (hereafter referred to as the CAT) was developed as a result of feedback received from several communities. These communities participated in workshops focused on influenza pandemic planning and response. The 2008 through 2011 workshops were sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Feedback during those workshops indicated the need for a tool that a community can use to assess its readiness for a disaster—readiness from a total healthcare perspective, not just hospitals, but the whole healthcare system. The CAT intends to do just that—help strengthen existing preparedness plans by allowing the healthcare system and other agencies to work together during an influenza pandemic. It helps reveal each core agency partners' (sectors) capabilities and resources, and highlights cases of the same vendors being used for resource supplies (e.g., personal protective equipment [PPE] and oxygen) by the partners (e.g., public health departments, clinics, or hospitals). The CAT also addresses gaps in the community's capabilities or potential shortages in resources. While the purpose of the CAT is to further prepare the community for an influenza pandemic, its framework is an extension of the traditional all-hazards approach to planning and preparedness. As such, the information gathered by the tool is useful in preparation for most widespread public health emergencies. This tool is primarily intended for use by those involved in healthcare emergency preparedness (e.g., community planners, community disaster preparedness coordinators, 9-1-1 directors, hospital emergency preparedness coordinators). It is divided into sections based on the core agency partners, which may be involved in the community's influenza pandemic influenza response.

  2. Patient dose estimation from CT scans at the Mexican National Neurology and Neurosurgery Institute

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alva-Sánchez, Héctor

    2014-11-07

    In the radiology department of the Mexican National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery, a dedicated institute in Mexico City, on average 19.3 computed tomography (CT) examinations are performed daily on hospitalized patients for neurological disease diagnosis, control scans and follow-up imaging. The purpose of this work was to estimate the effective dose received by hospitalized patients who underwent a diagnostic CT scan using typical effective dose values for all CT types and to obtain the estimated effective dose distributions received by surgical and non-surgical patients. Effective patient doses were estimated from values per study type reported in the applications guide provided by the scanner manufacturer. This retrospective study included all hospitalized patients who underwent a diagnostic CT scan between 1 January 2011 and 31 December 2012. A total of 8777 CT scans were performed in this two-year period. Simple brain scan was the CT type performed the most (74.3%) followed by contrasted brain scan (6.1%) and head angiotomography (5.7%). The average number of CT scans per patient was 2.83; the average effective dose per patient was 7.9 mSv; the mean estimated radiation dose was significantly higher for surgical (9.1 mSv) than non-surgical patients (6.0 mSv). Three percent of the patients had 10 or more brain CT scans and exceeded the organ radiation dose threshold set by the International Commission on Radiological Protection for deterministic effects of the eye-lens. Although radiation patient doses from CT scans were in general relatively low, 187 patients received a high effective dose (>20 mSv) and 3% might develop cataract from cumulative doses to the eye lens.

  3. Fuel Cell Power Model Version 2: Startup Guide, System Designs, and Case Studies. Modeling Electricity, Heat, and Hydrogen Generation from Fuel Cell-Based Distributed Energy Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steward, D.; Penev, M.; Saur, G.; Becker, W.; Zuboy, J.

    2013-06-01

    This guide helps users get started with the U.S. Department of Energy/National Renewable Energy Laboratory Fuel Cell Power (FCPower) Model Version 2, which is a Microsoft Excel workbook that analyzes the technical and economic aspects of high-temperature fuel cell-based distributed energy systems with the aim of providing consistent, transparent, comparable results. This type of energy system would provide onsite-generated heat and electricity to large end users such as hospitals and office complexes. The hydrogen produced could be used for fueling vehicles or stored for later conversion to electricity.

  4. Sampling airborne microorganisms. Summary report, 1 October 1985-30 September 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chatigny, M.A.

    1986-09-01

    In response to a rapidly increasing awarness of problems in air pollution and air hygiene, considerable emphasis has been placed on sampling of gaseous and particulate contaminants. Although included in the latter category, airborne microbes have not been considered major air pollutants as have chemical aerosols. They have been of some concern in extramural environments (plant diseases) and of considerable interest in intramural (hospital surgical theaters) environments. The intrinsic characteristics of microbes make them difficult to collect and assay quantitatively. The collection instrumentation available tends to be less sophisticated, though no less diverse, than that for other particulates and to require more processing after collection.

  5. Renewable Energy Seminar | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Seminar Renewable Energy Seminar May 26, 2008 - 11:59am Addthis Remarks as Prepared for Secretary Bodman Thank you, Ambassador Stephenson, for your hospitality and friendship. I'd also like to thank Minister Pinho for sponsoring this important event and for his leadership in advancing our global energy security --- as well as Professor Barros and Professor Assuncao for their commitment to this effort. I'm very glad to be here with all of you today. As a former university-based research

  6. BETTER BUILDINGS ALLIANCE

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Commercial buildings—our offices, schools, hospitals, restaurants, hotels and stores—consume nearly 20% of all energy used in the United States. We spend more than $200 billion each year to power our country's commercial buildings. Unfortunately, much of this energy and money is wasted; a typical commercial building could save 20% on its energy bills simply by commissioning existing systems so they operate as intended. Energy efficiency is a cost-effective way to save money, support job growth, reduce pollution, and improve competitiveness.

  7. Characterization of commercial building appliances. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patel, R.F.; Teagan, P.W.; Dieckmann, J.T.

    1993-08-01

    This study focuses on ``other`` end-uses category. The purpose of this study was to determine the relative importance of energy end-use functions other than HVAC and lighting for commercial buildings, and to identify general avenues and approaches for energy use reduction. Specific energy consuming technologies addressed include non-HVAC and lighting technologies in commercial buildings with significant energy use to warrant detailed analyses. The end-uses include office equipment, refrigeration, water heating, cooking, vending machines, water coolers, laundry equipment and electronics other than office equipment. The building types include offices, retail, restaurants, schools, hospitals, hotels/motels, grocery stores, and warehouses.

  8. Event Release-2

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2:44 p.m. - Emergency response teams are responding to an operational emergency at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). NEW INFORMATION * Personnel who were transported to a local hospital for possible smoke inhalation have been released * Officials at WIPP are working on a plan for safe re-entry to the WIPP underground * The plan must be approved by the U.S. Mine Safety and Health Administration * No time frame has been determined for the plan to be approved

  9. Healthcare Energy End-Use Monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheppy, M.; Pless, S.; Kung, F.

    2014-08-01

    NREL partnered with two hospitals (MGH and SUNY UMU) to collect data on the energy used for multiple thermal and electrical end-use categories, including preheat, heating, and reheat; humidification; service water heating; cooling; fans; pumps; lighting; and select plug and process loads. Additional data from medical office buildings were provided for an analysis focused on plug loads. Facility managers, energy managers, and engineers in the healthcare sector will be able to use these results to more effectively prioritize and refine the scope of investments in new metering and energy audits.

  10. Crowne Plaza Renovation Retrofit Case Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2013-03-01

    InterContinental Hotels Group (IHG) and its franchise partner B.F. Saul Company Hospitality Group (B.F. Saul Co.) partnered with the Department of Energy (DOE) to develop and implement solutions to retrofit existing buildings to reduce energy consumption by at least 30% versus requirements set by Standard 90.1-2004 of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), and the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA) as part of DOE’s Commercial Building Partnerships (CBP) Program.

  11. Energy Information Administration (EIA)- Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    about the CBECS FAQs for CBECS For the 2007 CBECS, why is there information only for large hospitals and not for the rest of the commercial building population? What do you mean by commercial? Can I get this information by state (or county, or city, etc.)? What does the figure 5,557,000 total commercial buildings represent-is it the number in your sample or the actual number of buildings in the United States? Are the consumption and expenditures estimates annual data? Are historical CBECS

  12. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 14, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory's portable

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    named Top 10 Breakthrough of 2015 by Physics World magazine December 20, 2015 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Dec. 14, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory's portable MRI was named one of the Top 10 Breakthroughs of the Year by Physics World, the member magazine of the Institute of Physics. Portable MRI, also called Battlefield MRI (bMRI), uses ultra-low-field magnetic resonance imaging to create images of injured soft tissues, such as the brain. "Hospital-based MRI devices are big and expensive,"

  13. Sodium Tetradecyl Sulphate Direct Intralesional Sclerotherapy of Venous Malformations of the Vulva and Vagina: Report of Five Cases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krokidis, Miltiadis; Venetucci, Pietro; Hatzidakis, Adam; Iaccarino, Vittorio

    2011-02-15

    We report five cases of female patients affected by symptomatic focal external genital venous malformations treated with percutaneous direct intralesional injection of sodium tetradecyl sulphate (STS). All patients were referred because of discomfort and pain when sexual intercourse was attempted. Direct sclerotherapy with 3% STS was performed on a day-hospital basis with the patient under local anesthesia. Complete resolution of the symptoms was achieved in all cases. No major adverse effects were reported. Direct intralesional sclerotherapy with STS may be considered a safe and effective method for the treatment of female external genital malformation without the necessity of general anesthesia for pain control.

  14. The Hydrogen Laboratory and The Brazilian Reference Center for Hydrogen Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Laboratory & The Brazilian Reference Center for Hydrogen Energy December 09 th , 2009 Dr. Newton Pimenta Cristiano Pinto LH2 & CENEH The State University of Campinas UNICAMP Founded in 1966 5 campuses (4 cities) 72 units 24 libraries 4 hospitals 1,750 professors 16,500 undergraduate students 11,450 graduate students (5,250 PhD students) The State University of Campinas UNICAMP UNICAMP is the site for 3 energy centers: The Hydrogen Laboratory (LH2) at the Physics Institute The

  15. Microsoft Word - Letter of Thanks_Joe Franco, WIPP

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Citizens' Advisory Board A U.S. Department of Energy Site-Specific Advisory Board 94 Cities of Gold Road Santa Fe, NM 87506 Phone: 505-989-1662 or 1-800-218-5942 Fax: 505-989-1752 www.nnmcab.energy.gov November 11, 2013 Mr. Joe Franco, Site Manager Carlsbad Field Office 4021 National Parks Highway Carlsbad, NM 88221 Dear Mr. Franco, On behalf of the Northern New Mexico Citizens' Advisory Board, I would like to express my sincere gratitude to you and your staff for the warm hospitality and

  16. Buildings Energy Data Book

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    3.1 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures 3.4 Commercial Environmental Emissions 3.5 Commercial Builders and Construction 3.6 Office Building Markets and Companies 3.7 Retail Markets and Companies 3.8 Hospitals and Medical Facilities 3.9 Educational Facilities 3.10 Hotels/Motels 4Federal Sector 5Envelope and Equipment 6Energy Supply 7Laws, Energy Codes, and Standards 8Water 9Market Transformation Glossary Acronyms and

  17. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.5 Generic Fuel Quad and Comparison

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    4 Average Annual Carbon Dioxide Emissions for Various Functions Stock Refrigerator (1) kWh - Electricity Stock Electric Water Heater kWh - Electricity Stock Gas Water Heater million Btu - Natural Gas Stock Oil Water Heater million Btu - Fuel Oil Single-Family Home million Btu Mobile Home million Btu Multi-Family Unit in Large Building million Btu Multi-Family Unit in Small Building million Btu School Building million Btu Office Building million Btu Hospital, In-Patient million Btu Stock Vehicles

  18. Cutting Edge Building Technologies - Join the fun! | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Cutting Edge Building Technologies - Join the fun! Cutting Edge Building Technologies - Join the fun! January 12, 2016 3:00PM to 4:00PM EST Presenters: Andy Mitchell, U.S. Department of Energy; Roberto Nunez, New York Presbyterian Hospital; Udi Meriav, enVerid Interested in the latest energy efficient technology in buildings? Want to get in on the action and try new technologies in your buildings? Join us for a discussion about how the DOE helps move energy efficiency opportunities in buildings

  19. Assessment of Distributed Generation Potential in JapaneseBuildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida,Masaru

    2005-05-25

    To meet growing energy demands, energy efficiency, renewable energy, and on-site generation coupled with effective utilization of exhaust heat will all be required. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems (or microgrids). This research investigates a method of choosing economically optimal DER, expanding on prior studies at the Berkeley Lab using the DER design optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination of installed equipment from available DER technologies, given prevailing utility tariffs, site electrical and thermal loads, and a menu of available equipment. It provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the site energy loads can be served at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, and cooling. Five prototype Japanese commercial buildings are examined and DER-CAM applied to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Based on the optimization results, energy and emission reductions are evaluated. Furthermore, a Japan-U.S. comparison study of policy, technology, and utility tariffs relevant to DER installation is presented. Significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions, and energy costs were seen in the DER-CAM results. Savings were most noticeable in the sports facility (a very favourable CHP site), followed by the hospital, hotel, and office building.

  20. Carbohydrate biofuels II: The need and the potential for rootfuel in the Navajo Nation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shultz, E.B.; Jr.; Bragg, W.G.; Whittier, J.

    1995-11-01

    Over 80% of rural Navajos and about two-thirds of all Navajos use scarce woodfuel and low-grade coal for home heating half the year, with coal used mainly as a nighttime adjunct. Serious health problems arise because stoves are old and leak smoke and carbon monoxide. The impacts are gender-biased to women and small children. Respiratory disease is a major cause of Navajo mortality and unusually high admissions to Navajo Indian Health Service hospitals. A 1990 study at a Navajo hospital showed that Navajo children under two years of age from homes with woodstoves are nearly five times more likely to contract acute lower respiratory tract infections than children from homes with no stove. Correctives include improved stoves and fuels. Our previous studies on clean-burning starchy/cellulosic {open_quotes}rootfuels{close_quotes} in Latin America, Africa, and Asia are applicable. We discuss our preliminary work on the Navajo reservation, the current status of household stoves and stovefuels, the health impacts of woodsmoke and coalsmoke from old, faulty stoves, the conditions for growing rootfuel on the reservation, and policy and strategy for coping with the problem.

  1. High Performance Healthcare Buildings: A Roadmap to Improved Energy Efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singer, Brett C.; Tschudi, William F.

    2009-09-08

    This document presents a road map for improving the energy efficiency of hospitals and other healthcare facilities. The report compiles input from a broad array of experts in healthcare facility design and operations. The initial section lists challenges and barriers to efficiency improvements in healthcare. Opportunities are organized around the following ten themes: understanding and benchmarking energy use; best practices and training; codes and standards; improved utilization of existing HVAC designs and technology; innovation in HVAC design and technology; electrical system design; lighting; medical equipment and process loads; economic and organizational issues; and the design of next generation sustainable hospitals. Achieving energy efficiency will require a broad set of activities including research, development, deployment, demonstration, training, etc., organized around 48 specific objectives. Specific activities are prioritized in consideration of potential impact, likelihood of near- or mid-term feasibility and anticipated cost-effectiveness. This document is intended to be broad in consideration though not exhaustive. Opportunities and needs are identified and described with the goal of focusing efforts and resources.

  2. ASSESSMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER SYSTEM"PREMIUM POWER" APPLICATIONS IN CALIFORNIA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norwood, Zack; Lipman, Timothy; Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Chris

    2010-06-01

    The effectiveness of combined heat and power (CHP) systems for power interruption intolerant,"premium power," facilities is the focus of this study. Through three real-world case studies and economic cost minimization modeling, the economic and environmental performance of"premium power" CHP is analyzed. The results of the analysis for a brewery, data center, and hospital lead to some interesting conclusions about CHP limited to the specific CHP technologies installed at those sites. Firstly, facilities with high heating loads prove to be the most appropriate for CHP installations from a purely economic standpoint. Secondly, waste heat driven thermal cooling systems are only economically attractive if the technology for these chillers can increase above the current best system efficiency. Thirdly, if the reliability of CHP systems proves to be as high as diesel generators they could replace these generators at little or no additional cost if the thermal to electric (relative) load of those facilities was already high enough to economically justify a CHP system. Lastly, in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, the modeled CHP systems provide some degree of decreased emissions, estimated at approximately 10percent for the hospital, the application with the highest relative thermal load in this case

  3. Community Assessment Tool for Public Health Emergencies Including Pandemic Influenza

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ORAU's Oak Ridge Institute for Science Education (HCTT-CHE)

    2011-04-14

    The Community Assessment Tool (CAT) for Public Health Emergencies Including Pandemic Influenza (hereafter referred to as the CAT) was developed as a result of feedback received from several communities. These communities participated in workshops focused on influenza pandemic planning and response. The 2008 through 2011 workshops were sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Feedback during those workshops indicated the need for a tool that a community can use to assess its readiness for a disaster - readiness from a total healthcare perspective, not just hospitals, but the whole healthcare system. The CAT intends to do just that - help strengthen existing preparedness plans by allowing the healthcare system and other agencies to work together during an influenza pandemic. It helps reveal each core agency partners (sectors) capabilities and resources, and highlights cases of the same vendors being used for resource supplies (e.g., personal protective equipment [PPE] and oxygen) by the partners (e.g., public health departments, clinics, or hospitals). The CAT also addresses gaps in the community's capabilities or potential shortages in resources. This tool has been reviewed by a variety of key subject matter experts from federal, state, and local agencies and organizations. It also has been piloted with various communities that consist of different population sizes, to include large urban to small rural communities.

  4. Optimal evaluation of infectious medical waste disposal companies using the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ho, Chao Chung

    2011-07-15

    Ever since Taiwan's National Health Insurance implemented the diagnosis-related groups payment system in January 2010, hospital income has declined. Therefore, to meet their medical waste disposal needs, hospitals seek suppliers that provide high-quality services at a low cost. The enactment of the Waste Disposal Act in 1974 had facilitated some improvement in the management of waste disposal. However, since the implementation of the National Health Insurance program, the amount of medical waste from disposable medical products has been increasing. Further, of all the hazardous waste types, the amount of infectious medical waste has increased at the fastest rate. This is because of the increase in the number of items considered as infectious waste by the Environmental Protection Administration. The present study used two important findings from previous studies to determine the critical evaluation criteria for selecting infectious medical waste disposal firms. It employed the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process to set the objective weights of the evaluation criteria and select the optimal infectious medical waste disposal firm through calculation and sorting. The aim was to propose a method of evaluation with which medical and health care institutions could objectively and systematically choose appropriate infectious medical waste disposal firms.

  5. Safety aspects of cryochamber operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chorowski, M.; Piotrowska, A.; Sieron, A.; Stanek, A.

    2014-01-29

    Local and whole body cryotherapy is well recognized, developed and appreciated both from medical and technical point of view. Poland is a country with a highest number of medical cryochambers in operation (above 200) and more than 3 millions of whole body cryotherapeutic sessions have been performed since 1989. Cryogenic temperatures applied for whole-body apart from medical effects have also significant influence on patient's psyche. A number of cryochambers is constantly increasing in hospitals, sport centers and spas. A temperature inside a cryochamber should be below 150 K. To achieve and stabilize such low temperature, either cascade compressor unit or liquid cryogens evaporation (N{sub 2} or synthetic air) are used. This paper presents safety oriented review of cryochamber design and constructions.

  6. Ozone Risk Assessment Utilities

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    1999-08-10

    ORAMUS is a user-friendly, menu-driven software system that calculates and displays user-selected risk estimates for health effects attributable to short-term exposure to tropospheric ozone. Inputs to the risk assessment are estimates of exposure to ozone and exposure-response relationships to produce overall risk estimates in the form of probability distributions. Three fundamental models are included: headcount risk, benchmark risk, and hospital admissions. Exposure-response relationships are based on results of controlled human exposure studies. Exposure estimates aremore » based on the EPA''s probabilistic national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) exposure model, pNEM/Osub3, which simulates air quality associated with attainment of alternative NAAQS. Using ORAMUS, risk results for 27 air quality scenarios, air quality in 9 urban areas, 33 health endpoints, and 4 chronic health endpoints can be calculated.« less

  7. Report to Congress on abnormal occurrences, October--December 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-04-01

    Section 208 of the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974 identifies an abnormal occurrence as an unscheduled incident or event which the Nuclear Regulatory Commission determines to be significant from the standpoint of public health or safety and requires a quarterly report of such events to be made to Congress. This report covers the period from October 1 to December 31, 1988. For this reporting period, there were no abnormal occurrences at nuclear power plants licensed to operate. There was one abnormal occurrence under other NRC-issued licenses involving a medical therapy misadministration. Three other abnormal occurrences were reported by Agreement States. The State of New York reported an event involving multiple medical therapy misadministrations. The State of Maryland reported two events, both occurring at the same hospital. One involved a single medical therapy misadministration and the second involved multiple medical therapy misadministrations. The report also contains information updating some previously reported abnormal occurrences. 3 refs.

  8. Field application of the Numobag as a portable disposable isolation unit and for treating chemical, radiological or biologically induced wounds.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Keith A.; Felton, Robert; Vaughan, Courtenay Thomas

    2005-04-01

    Numotech Inc. has developed the Numobag{trademark}, a disposable, lightweight, wound healing device which produces Topical Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (THOT). The Numobag{trademark} is cost effective and has been clinically validated to heal large skin lesions rapidly and has proven to arrest wound advancement from several insidious forms of biological attack including dermal anthrax, small pox, necrotizing fasciitis etc. The Numobag{trademark} can treat mass casualties wounded by chemical/radiological burns or damaging biological exposures. The Numobag{trademark} can be a frontline tool as an isolation unit, reducing cross-contamination and infection of medical personnel. The heightened oxygen content kills organisms on the skin and in the wound, avoids expensive hospital trash disposal procedures, and helps the flesh heal. The Numobag{trademark} requires high purity oxygen. Numotech Inc. is teaming with Sandia National Laboratories and Spektr Conversion in Russia to develop a cost effective, portable, low power oxygen generator.

  9. A survey of films for use as dosimeters in interventional radiology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fajardo, L.C.; Geise, R.A.; Ritenour, E.R.

    1995-04-01

    Analysis of radiation doses in interventional radiological procedures that can lead to deterministic radiation effects such as erythema and epilation would assist physicians in planning patient care after exposure and in reducing doses. Photographic films used to measure skin exposure in the past are too sensitive for the high doses involved in interventional procedures. Seventeen different types of films, many of which are generally available in hospitals, were surveyed to see if any would meet the demands of interventional radiology. Sensitometric curves obtained demonstrate that most films are inappropriate for high dose procedures. Using Kodak Fine Grain Positive and Deupont duplicating films and automatic processing, doses as high as 2.8 Gy could be measured with reasonable accuracy. Similar results can be obtained by manually processing Kodak XV-2 verification film at room temperature.

  10. Test bench to commission a third ion source beam line and a newly designed extraction system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winkelmann, T.; Cee, R.; Haberer, T.; Naas, B.; Peters, A.

    2012-02-15

    The HIT (Heidelberg Ion Beam Therapy Center) is the first hospital-based treatment facility in Europe where patients can be irradiated with protons and carbon ions. Since the commissioning starting in 2006 two 14.5 GHz electron cyclotron resonance ion sources are routinely used to produce a variety of ion beams from protons up to oxygen. In the future a helium beam for regular patient treatment is requested, therefore a third ion source (Supernanogan source from PANTECHNIK S.A.) will be integrated. This third ECR source with a newly designed extraction system and a spectrometer line is installed at a test bench at HIT to commission and validate this section. Measurements with different extraction system setups will be presented to show the improvement of beam quality for helium, proton, and carbon beams. An outlook to the possible integration scheme of the new ion source into the production facility will be discussed.

  11. MIENS Minimum Information about an ENvironmental Sequence and The GSC's Not-for-Profit (GSC8 Meeting)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Yilmaz, Pelin [Max Planck Institute - Bremen]; Kolker, Eugene [Seattle Childrens Hospital

    2011-04-29

    The Genomic Standards Consortium was formed in September 2005. It is an international, open-membership working body which promotes standardization in the description of genomes and the exchange and integration of genomic data. The 2009 meeting was an activity of a five-year funding Research Coordination Network from the National Science Foundation and was held at the DOE Joint Genome Institute with organizational support provided by the JGI and by the University of California - San Diego. Pelin Yilmaz of the Max Planck Institute-Bremen talks about the MIENS specification and Eugene Kolker of Seattle Children's Hospital discusses the GSC's non-for-profit at the Genomic Standards Consortium's 8th meeting at the DOE JGI in Walnut Creek, Calif. on Sept. 9, 2009

  12. The Encyclopedia of Systems Biology and OMICS (first presentation) and The ISA Infrastructure for Multi-omics Data (second presentation) (GSC8 Meeting)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Kolker, Eugene [Seattle Children's Hospital]; Sansone, Susanna [EBI

    2011-04-28

    The Genomic Standards Consortium was formed in September 2005. It is an international, open-membership working body which promotes standardization in the description of genomes and the exchange and integration of genomic data. The 2009 meeting was an activity of a five-year funding "Research Coordination Network" from the National Science Foundation and was organized held at the DOE Joint Genome Institute with organizational support provided by the JGI and by the University of California - San Diego. Eugene Kolker from Seattle Children's Hospital briefly discusses "The Encyclopedia of Systems Biology and OMICS," followed by Susanna Sansone from the EBI on "The ISA Infrastructure for multi-omics data" at the Genomic Standards Consortium's 8th meeting at the DOE JGI in Walnut Creek, Calif. on Sept. 11, 2009.

  13. Portable lamp with dynamically controlled lighting distribution

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Siminovitch, Michael J.; Page, Erik R.

    2001-01-01

    A double lamp table or floor lamp lighting system has a pair of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) arranged vertically with a reflective septum in between. By selectively turning on one or both of the CFLs, down lighting, up lighting, or both up and down lighting is produced. The control system can also vary the light intensity from each CFL. The reflective septum insures that almost all the light produced by each lamp will be directed into the desired light distribution pattern which is selected and easily changed by the user. Planar compact fluorescent lamps, e.g. circular CFLs, particularly oriented horizontally, are preferable. CFLs provide energy efficiency. The lighting system may be designed for the home, hospitality, office or other environments.

  14. The Encyclopedia of Systems Biology and OMICS (first presentation) and The ISA Infrastructure for Multi-omics Data (second presentation) (GSC8 Meeting)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolker, Eugene; Sansone, Susanna

    2011-09-11

    The Genomic Standards Consortium was formed in September 2005. It is an international, open-membership working body which promotes standardization in the description of genomes and the exchange and integration of genomic data. The 2009 meeting was an activity of a five-year funding "Research Coordination Network" from the National Science Foundation and was organized held at the DOE Joint Genome Institute with organizational support provided by the JGI and by the University of California - San Diego. Eugene Kolker from Seattle Children's Hospital briefly discusses "The Encyclopedia of Systems Biology and OMICS," followed by Susanna Sansone from the EBI on "The ISA Infrastructure for multi-omics data" at the Genomic Standards Consortium's 8th meeting at the DOE JGI in Walnut Creek, Calif. on Sept. 11, 2009.

  15. Method and apparatus to measure the depth of skin burns

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dickey, Fred M. (Albuquerque, NM); Holswade, Scott C. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2002-01-01

    A new device for measuring the depth of surface tissue burns based on the rate at which the skin temperature responds to a sudden differential temperature stimulus. This technique can be performed without physical contact with the burned tissue. In one implementation, time-dependent surface temperature data is taken from subsequent frames of a video signal from an infrared-sensitive video camera. When a thermal transient is created, e.g., by turning off a heat lamp directed at the skin surface, the following time-dependent surface temperature data can be used to determine the skin burn depth. Imaging and non-imaging versions of this device can be implemented, thereby enabling laboratory-quality skin burn depth imagers for hospitals as well as hand-held skin burn depth sensors the size of a small pocket flashlight for field use and triage.

  16. A modeling framework for investment planning in interdependent infrastructures in multi-hazard environments.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Nathanael J. K.; Gearhart, Jared Lee; Jones, Dean A.; Nozick, Linda Karen; Prince, Michael

    2013-09-01

    Currently, much of protection planning is conducted separately for each infrastructure and hazard. Limited funding requires a balance of expenditures between terrorism and natural hazards based on potential impacts. This report documents the results of a Laboratory Directed Research&Development (LDRD) project that created a modeling framework for investment planning in interdependent infrastructures focused on multiple hazards, including terrorism. To develop this framework, three modeling elements were integrated: natural hazards, terrorism, and interdependent infrastructures. For natural hazards, a methodology was created for specifying events consistent with regional hazards. For terrorism, we modeled the terrorist's actions based on assumptions regarding their knowledge, goals, and target identification strategy. For infrastructures, we focused on predicting post-event performance due to specific terrorist attacks and natural hazard events, tempered by appropriate infrastructure investments. We demonstrate the utility of this framework with various examples, including protection of electric power, roadway, and hospital networks.

  17. Proceedings of the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator (ORELA) Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunn, M.E.

    2006-02-27

    The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) organized a workshop at ORNL July 14-15, 2005, to highlight the unique measurement capabilities of the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator (ORELA) facility and to emphasize the important role of ORELA for performing differential cross-section measurements in the low-energy resonance region that is important for nuclear applications such as nuclear criticality safety, nuclear reactor and fuel cycle analysis, stockpile stewardship, weapons research, medical diagnosis, and nuclear astrophysics. The ORELA workshop (hereafter referred to as the Workshop) provided the opportunity to exchange ideas and information pertaining to nuclear cross-section measurements and their importance for nuclear applications from a variety of perspectives throughout the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Approximately 50 people, representing DOE, universities, and seven U.S. national laboratories, attended the Workshop. The objective of the Workshop was to emphasize the technical community endorsement for ORELA in meeting nuclear data challenges in the years to come. The Workshop further emphasized the need for a better understanding of the gaps in basic differential nuclear measurements and identified the efforts needed to return ORELA to a reliable functional measurement facility. To accomplish the Workshop objective, nuclear data experts from national laboratories and universities were invited to provide talks emphasizing the unique and vital role of the ORELA facility for addressing nuclear data needs. ORELA is operated on a full cost-recovery basis with no single sponsor providing complete base funding for the facility. Consequently, different programmatic sponsors benefit by receiving accurate cross-section data measurements at a reduced cost to their respective programs; however, leveraging support for a complex facility such as ORELA has a distinct disadvantage in that the programmatic funds are only used to support program-specific measurements. As a result, ORELA has not received base funding to support major upgrades and significant maintenance operations that are essential to keep the facility in a state of readiness over the long term. As a result, ORELA has operated on a ''sub-bare-minimum'' budget for the past 10 to 15 years, and the facility has not been maintained at a level for continued reliable operation for the long term. During the Workshop, Jerry McKamy (NNSA/NA-117) used a hospital patient metaphor that accurately depicts the facility status. ORELA is currently in the intensive care unit (ICU) on life support, and refurbishment efforts are needed to get the ''patient'' off life support and out to an ordinary hospital room. McKamy further noted that the DOE NCSP is planning to fund immediate refurbishment tasks ($1.5 M over three years) to help reestablish reliable ORELA operation (i.e., move ORELA from ICU to an ordinary hospital room). Furthermore, the NCSP will work to identify and carry out the actions needed to discharge ORELA from the ''hospital'' over the next five to seven years. In accordance with the Workshop objectives, the technical community publicly endorsed the need for a reliable ORELA facility that can meet current and future nuclear data needs. These Workshop proceedings provide the formal documentation of the technical community endorsement for ORELA. Furthermore, the proceedings highlight the past and current contributions that ORELA has made to the nuclear industry. The Workshop further emphasized the operational and funding problems that currently plague the facility, thereby limiting ORELA's operational reliability. Despite the recent operational problems, ORELA is a uniquely capable measurement facility that must be part of the overall U.S. nuclear data measurement portfolio in order to support current and emerging nuclear applications. The Workshop proceedings further emphasize that ORNL, the technical community, and programmatic sponsors are eager to see ORELA reestablish reliable measurement operation and be readily available to address nuclear data challe

  18. EpiPOD : community vaccination and dispensing model user's guide.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berry, M.; Samsa, M.; Walsh, D.; Decision and Information Sciences

    2009-01-09

    EpiPOD is a modeling system that enables local, regional, and county health departments to evaluate and refine their plans for mass distribution of antiviral and antibiotic medications and vaccines. An intuitive interface requires users to input as few or as many plan specifics as are available in order to simulate a mass treatment campaign. Behind the input interface, a system dynamics model simulates pharmaceutical supply logistics, hospital and first-responder personnel treatment, population arrival dynamics and treatment, and disease spread. When the simulation is complete, users have estimates of the number of illnesses in the population at large, the number of ill persons seeking treatment, and queuing and delays within the mass treatment system--all metrics by which the plan can be judged.

  19. 2008 Industrial Technologies Market Report, May 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Energetics; DOE

    2009-07-01

    The industrial sector is a critical component of the U.S. economy, providing an array of consumer, transportation, and national defense-related goods we rely on every day. Unlike many other economic sectors, however, the industrial sector must compete globally for raw materials, production, and sales. Though our homes, stores, hospitals, and vehicles are located within our borders, elements of our goods-producing industries could potentially be moved offshore. Keeping U.S. industry competitive is essential to maintaining and growing the U.S. economy. This report begins with an overview of trends in industrial sector energy use. The next section of the report focuses on some of the largest and most energy-intensive industrial subsectors. The report also highlights several emerging technologies that could transform key segments of industry. Finally, the report presents policies, incentives, and drivers that can influence the competitiveness of U.S. industrial firms.

  20. Environmental Assessment Lakeview Geothermal Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Treis, Tania

    2012-04-30

    The Town of Lakeview is proposing to construct and operate a geothermal direct use district heating system in Lakeview, Oregon. The proposed project would be in Lake County, Oregon, within the Lakeview Known Geothermal Resources Area (KGRA). The proposed project includes the following elements: Drilling, testing, and completion of a new production well and geothermal water injection well; construction and operation of a geothermal production fluid pipeline from the well pad to various Town buildings (i.e., local schools, hospital, and Lake County Industrial Park) and back to a geothermal water injection well. This EA describes the proposed project, the alternatives considered, and presents the environmental analysis pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act. The project would not result in adverse effects to the environment with the implementation of environmental protection measures.

  1. Buildings Energy Data Book: 8.3 Commercial Sector Water Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    2 Average Water Use of Commercial and Institutional Establishments (Gallons per Establishment per Day) Average Variation % Total % of CI % Seasonal Daily Use In Use (1) CI Use Customers Use (2) Hotels and Motels 7,113 5.41 5.8% 1.9% 23.1% Laundries/Laundromats 3,290 8.85 4.0% 1.4% 13.4% Car Washes 3,031 3.12 0.8% 0.4% 14.2% Urban Irrigation 2,596 8.73 28.5% 30.2% 86.9% Schools and Colleges 2,117 12.13 8.8% 4.8% 58.0% Hospitals/Medical Offices 1,236 78.5 3.9% 4.2% 23.2% Office Buildings 1,204

  2. Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    3 ENERGY STAR Commercial and Institutional Buildings and Industrial Plants (1) Qualified Floorspace Floorspace Buildings Million SF Building Type Million SF % of Total Buildings 1999 87 33 Office 1,550.2 57.8% 5,981 2000 452 73 K-12 School 531.3 19.8% 5,453 2001 298 73 Retail 179.1 6.7% 2,048 2002 486 127 Hospital (General and Surgical) 100.5 3.4% 144 2003 592 150 Supermarket/Grocery 90.2 3.7% 1,878 2004 892 172 Hotel 71.9 2.7% 448 2005 1,026 216 Bank/Financial Institution 51.9 1.9% 257 2006

  3. SU-E-I-10: Automatic Monitoring of Accumulated Dose Indices From DICOM RDSR to Improve Radiation Safety in X-Ray Angiography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Omar, A; Bujila, R; Nowik, P; Karambatsakidou, A

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To investigate the potential benefits of automatic monitoring of accumulated patient and staff dose indicators, i.e., CAK and KAP, from DICOM Radiation Dose Structured Reports (RDSR) in x-ray angiography (XA). Methods: Recently RDSR has enabled the convenient aggregation of dose indices and technique parameters for XA procedures. The information contained in RDSR objects for three XA systems, dedicated to different types of clinical procedures, has been collected and aggregated in a database for over one year using a system developed with open-source software at the Karolinska University Hospital. Patient weight was complemented to the RDSR data via an interface with the Hospital Information System (HIS). Results: The linearly approximated trend in KAP over a time period of a year for cerebrovascular, pelvic/peripheral vascular, and cardiovascular procedures showed a decrease of 12%, 20%, and 14%, respectively. The decrease was mainly due to hardware/software upgrades and new low-dose imaging protocols, and partially due to ongoing systematic radiation safety education of the clinical staff. The CAK was in excess of 3 Gy for 15 procedures, and exceeded 5 Gy for 3 procedures. The dose indices have also shown a significant dependence on patient weight for cardiovascular and pelvic/peripheral vascular procedures; a 10 kg shift in mean patient weight can result in a dose index increase of 25%. Conclusion: Automatic monitoring of accumulated dose indices can be utilized to notify the clinical staff and medical physicists when the dose index has exceeded a predetermined action level. This allows for convenient and systematic follow-up of patients in risk of developing deterministic skin injuries. Furthermore, trend analyses of dose indices over time is a valuable resource for the identification of potential positive or negative effects (dose increase/decrease) from changes in hardware, software, and clinical work habits.

  4. SU-E-T-169: Evaluation of Oncentra TPS for Nasopharynx Brachy Using Patient Specific Voxel Phantom and EGSnrc

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadad, K; Zoherhvand, M; Faghihi, R [Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Nasopharnx carcinoma (NPC) treatment is being carried out using Ir-192 HDR seeds in Mehdieh Hospital in Hamadan, Iran. The Oncentra™ TPS is based on optimized TG-43 formalism which disregards heterogeneity in the treatment area. Due to abundant heterogeneity in head and neck, comparison of the Oncentra™ TPS dose evaluation and an accurate dose calculation method in NPC brachytherapy is the objective of this study. Methods: CT DICOMs of a patient with NPC obtained from Mehdieh Hospital used to create 3D voxel phantom with CTCREATE utility of EGSnrc code package. The voxel phantom together with Ir-192 HDR brachytherapy source were the input to DOSXYZnrc to calculate the 3D dose distribution. The sources were incorporate with type 6 source in DOSXYZnrc and their dwell times were taken into account in final dose calculations. Results: The direct comparison between isodoses as well as DVHs for the GTV, PTV and CTV obtained by Oncentra™ and EGSnrc Monte Carlo code are made. EGSnrc results are obtained using 5×10{sup 9} histories to reduce the statistical error below 1% in GTV and 5% in 5% dose areas. The standard ICRP700 cross section library is employed in DOSXYZnrc dose calculation. Conclusion: A direct relationship between increased dose differences and increased material density (hence heterogeneity) is observed when isodoses contours of the TPS and DOSXYZnrc are compared. Regarding the point dose calculations, the differences range from 1.2% in PTV to 5.6% for cavity region and 7.8% for bone regions. While Oncentra™ TPS overestimates the dose in cavities, it tends to underestimate dose depositions within bones.

  5. SU-E-P-01: An Informative Review On the Role of Diagnostic Medical Physicist in the Academic and Private Medical Centers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weir, V; Zhang, J

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: The role of physicist in the academic and private hospital environment continues to evolve and expand. This becomes more obvious with the newly revised requirements of the Joint Commission (JC) on imaging modalities and the continued updated requirements of ACR accreditation for medical physics (i.e., starting in June 2014, a physicists test will be needed before US accreditation). We provide an informative review on the role of diagnostic medical physicist and hope that our experience will expedite junior physicists in understanding their role in medical centers, and be ready to more opportunities. Methods: Based on our experience, diagnostic medical physicists in both academic and private medical centers perform several clinical functions. These include providing clinical service and physics support, ensuring that all ionizing radiation devices are tested and operated in compliance with the State and Federal laws, regulations and guidelines. We also discuss the training and education required to ensure that the radiation exposure to patients and staff is as low as reasonably achievable. We review the overlapping roles of medical and health physicist in some institutions. Results: A detailed scheme on the new requirements (effective 7/1/2014) of the JC is provided. In 2015, new standards for fluoroscopy, cone beam CT and the qualifications of staff will be phased in. A summary of new ACR requirements for different modalities is presented. Medical physicist have other duties such as sitting on CT and fluoroscopy committees for protocols design, training of non-radiologists to meet the new fluoroscopy rules, as well as helping with special therapies such as Yittrium 90 cases. Conclusion: Medical physicists in both academic and private hospitals are positioned to be more involved and prominent. Diagnostic physicists need to be more proactive to involve themselves in the day to day activities of the radiology department.

  6. Mobile Technology and Social Media in the Clinical Practice of Young Radiation Oncologists: Results of a Comprehensive Nationwide Cross-sectional Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bibault, Jean-Emmanuel; Leroy, Thomas; Blanchard, Pierre; Biau, Julian; Cervellera, Mathilde; Diaz, Olivia; Faivre, Jean Christophe; and others

    2014-09-01

    Purpose: Social media and mobile technology are transforming the way in which young physicians are learning and practicing medicine. The true impact of such technologies has yet to be evaluated. Methods and Materials: We performed a nationwide cross-sectional survey to better assess how young radiation oncologists used these technologies. An online survey was sent out between April 24, 2013, and June 1, 2013. All residents attending the 2013 radiation oncology French summer course were invited to complete the survey. Logistic regressions were performed to assess predictors of use of these tools in the hospital on various clinical endpoints. Results: In all, 131 of 140 (93.6%) French young radiation oncologists answered the survey. Of these individuals, 93% owned a smartphone and 32.8% owned a tablet. The majority (78.6%) of the residents owning a smartphone used it to work in their department. A total of 33.5% had more than 5 medical applications installed. Only 60.3% of the residents verified the validity of the apps that they used. In all, 82.9% of the residents had a social network account. Conclusions: Most of the residents in radiation oncology use their smartphone to work in their department for a wide variety of tasks. However, the residents do not consistently check the validity of the apps that they use. Residents also use social networks, with only a limited impact on their relationship with their patients. Overall, this study highlights the irruption and the risks of new technologies in the clinical practice and raises the question of a possible regulation of their use in the hospital.

  7. Risk assessment based on point source deposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chadwick, G.F.

    1997-12-31

    The International Joint Commission (IJC) in a recently published report states that various clean-up techniques have resulted in significantly cleaner lakes than 20 years ago. Both the US EPA and Environment Canada have passed laws that require emissions controls on significant sources of contaminants. Improved emission controls have played a large part in the reduced pollution levels to the Great Lakes. Improved controls have significantly reduced the pollutants deposited to both land and water. This paper will discuss a Risk Analysis for the emissions from a Hospital in Rochester, New York. Current New York Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) regulations require emission controls on such incinerators. This hospital has added both a scrubber and a bag house to control emissions. Twenty years ago, such incinerators, like many other emission sources would not have had control devices. New York`s Department of Environmental Conservation requires, as part of the Permitting process, that an Impact Analysis and if required, a multipathway Health Risk Assessment (HRA) be performed for all Medical Waste Incinerators before a Permit can be issued. This insures that the emissions will not create a health hazard to humans. Such an analysis was performed for a new 1,000 lb/hr Medical Waste Incinerator (MWI) installed in the North-East part of Rochester, New York. An Air Quality Impact Assessment (AQIA) based on an actual stack test indicated that this facility`s dioxin emissions would exceed the NY DEC Guideline levels. The Carcinogenic Risk (of death) for our most exposed individual (MEI) was calculated to be 8.75 E{sup {minus}06} (<1:100,000). The Hazard Index calculated for this MEI was 0.43. Hazard Index`s less then 1 are considered a reasonable risk. Health risk assessments are by design, very conservative. EPA sources have concluded that calculated death risks between one (1) and one hundred (100) per million are not excessive.

  8. Efficacy and Safety of Transarterial Radioembolization Versus Chemoembolization in Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moreno-Luna, Laura E., E-mail: morenoluna.laura@gmail.com; Yang, Ju Dong; Sanchez, William [College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (United States); Paz-Fumagalli, Ricardo [College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Department of Radiology (United States); Harnois, Denise M.; Mettler, Teresa A. [College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (United States); Gansen, Denise N. [College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Department of Radiology (United States); Groen, Piet C. de; Lazaridis, Konstantinos N.; Narayanan Menon, K. V.; LaRusso, Nicholas F. [College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (United States); Alberts, Steven R. [College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Clinic Cancer Center, Department of Oncology (United States); Gores, Gregory J. [College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (United States); Fleming, Chad J. [College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Department of Radiology (United States); Slettedahl, Seth W.; Harmsen, William S.; Therneau, Terry M. [College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Department of Health Sciences Research (United States); Wiseman, Gregory A.; Andrews, James C. [College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Department of Radiology (United States); Roberts, Lewis R., E-mail: roberts.lewis@mayo.edu [College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (United States)

    2013-06-15

    Purpose. Intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is usually treated with locoregional therapy using transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). Transarterial radioembolization (TARE) using {beta}-emitting yttrium-90 integral to the glass matrix of the microspheres is an alternative to TACE. This retrospective case-control study compared the outcomes and safety of TARE versus TACE in patients with unresectable HCC. Materials and Methods. Patients with unresectable HCC without portal vein thrombosis treated with TARE between 2005 and 2008 (n = 61) were retrospectively frequency-matched by age, sex, and liver dysfunction with TACE-treated patients (n = 55) in the Mayo Clinic Hepatobiliary Neoplasia Registry. Imaging studies were reviewed, and clinical and safety outcomes were abstracted from the medical records. Results. Complete tumor response was more common after TARE (12 %) than after TACE (4 %) (p = 0.17). When complete response was combined with partial response and stable disease, there was no difference between TARE and TACE. Median survival did not differ between the two groups (15.0 months for TARE and 14.4 months for TACE; p = 0.47). Two-year survival rates were 30 % for TARE and 24 % for TACE. TARE patients received fewer treatments (p < 0.001). Fifty-nine (97 %) TARE patients received outpatient treatment. In contrast, 53 (98 %) TACE patients were hospitalized for {>=}1 day (p < 0.001). Compared with TACE, TARE was more likely to induce fatigue (p = 0.003) but less likely to cause fever (p = 0.02). Conclusion. There was no significant difference in efficacy between TARE and TACE. TARE patients reported more fatigue but had less fever than TACE patients. Treatment with TARE required less hospitalization than treatment with TACE. These findings require confirmation in randomized trials.

  9. Web Operational Status Boards

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2004-04-16

    Web Operational Status Boards (WebOSB)is a web-based application designed to acquire, display, and update highly dynamic status information between multiple users and jurisdictions. WebOSB is able to disseminate real-time status information—support the timely sharing of information—with constant, dynamic updates via personal computers and the Internet between emergency operations centers (EOCs), incident command centers, and to users outside the EOC who need to know the information (hospitals, shelters, schools). The WebOSB application far exceeds outdated information-sharingmore » methods used by emergency workers: whiteboards, Word and Excel documents, or even locality-specific Web sites. WebOSB’s capabilities include the following elements: - Secure access. Multiple users can access information on WebOSB from any personal computer with Internet access and a secure ID. Privileges are use to control access and distribution of status information and to identify users who are authorized to add or edit information. - Simultaneous update. WebOSB provides options for users to add, display, and update dynamic information simultaneously at all locations involved in the emergency management effort, A single status board can be updated from multiple locations enabling shelters and hospitals to post bed availability or list decontamination capability. - On-the-fly modification. Allowing the definition of an existing status board to be modified on-the-fly can be an asset during an emergency, where information requirements can change quickly. The status board designer feature allows an administrator to quickly define, modi,, add to, and implement new status boards in minutes without needing the help of Web designers and computer programmers. - Publisher/subscriber notification. As a subscriber, each user automatically receives notification of any new information relating to specific status boards. The publisher/subscriber feature automatically notified each user of any new information relating to specific status boards. WebOSB can be installed to fit the specific needs of an emergency management community. Because it was originally developed to concurrently support multiple EOCs at the local, county, and state level, it can also support multi-user environments for other types of projects.« less

  10. Web Operational Status Boards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2004-04-16

    Web Operational Status Boards (WebOSB)is a web-based application designed to acquire, display, and update highly dynamic status information between multiple users and jurisdictions. WebOSB is able to disseminate real-time status information?support the timely sharing of information?with constant, dynamic updates via personal computers and the Internet between emergency operations centers (EOCs), incident command centers, and to users outside the EOC who need to know the information (hospitals, shelters, schools). The WebOSB application far exceeds outdated information-sharing methods used by emergency workers: whiteboards, Word and Excel documents, or even locality-specific Web sites. WebOSB?s capabilities include the following elements: - Secure access. Multiple users can access information on WebOSB from any personal computer with Internet access and a secure ID. Privileges are use to control access and distribution of status information and to identify users who are authorized to add or edit information. - Simultaneous update. WebOSB provides options for users to add, display, and update dynamic information simultaneously at all locations involved in the emergency management effort, A single status board can be updated from multiple locations enabling shelters and hospitals to post bed availability or list decontamination capability. - On-the-fly modification. Allowing the definition of an existing status board to be modified on-the-fly can be an asset during an emergency, where information requirements can change quickly. The status board designer feature allows an administrator to quickly define, modi,, add to, and implement new status boards in minutes without needing the help of Web designers and computer programmers. - Publisher/subscriber notification. As a subscriber, each user automatically receives notification of any new information relating to specific status boards. The publisher/subscriber feature automatically notified each user of any new information relating to specific status boards. WebOSB can be installed to fit the specific needs of an emergency management community. Because it was originally developed to concurrently support multiple EOCs at the local, county, and state level, it can also support multi-user environments for other types of projects.

  11. A case report of motor neuron disease in a patient showing significant level of DDTs, HCHs and organophosphate metabolites in hair as well as levels of hexane and toluene in blood

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kanavouras, Konstantinos; Tzatzarakis, Manolis N.; Mastorodemos, Vasileios; Plaitakis, Andreas; Tsatsakis, Aristidis M.

    2011-11-15

    Motor neuron disease is a devastating neurodegenerative condition, with the majority of sporadic, non-familial cases being of unknown etiology. Several epidemiological studies have suggested that occupational exposure to chemicals may be associated with disease pathogenesis. We report the case of a patient developing progressive motor neuron disease, who was chronically exposed to pesticides and organic solvents. The patient presented with leg spasticity and developed gradually clinical signs suggestive of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, which was supported by the neurophysiologic and radiological findings. Our report is an evidence based case of combined exposure to organochlorine (DDTs), organophosphate pesticides (OPs) and organic solvents as confirmed by laboratory analysis in samples of blood and hair confirming systematic exposure. The concentration of non-specific dialkylphosphates metabolites (DAPs) of OPs in hair (dimethyphopshate (DMP) 1289.4 pg/mg and diethylphosphate (DEP) 709.4 pg/mg) and of DDTs (opDDE 484.0 pg/mg, ppDDE 526.6 pg/mg, opDDD 448.4 pg/mg, ppDDD + opDDT 259.9 pg/mg and ppDDT 573.7 pg/mg) were considerably significant. Toluene and n-hexane were also detected in blood on admission at hospital and quantified (1.23 and 0.87 {mu}g/l, respectively), while 3 months after hospitalization blood testing was found negative for toluene and n-hexane and hair analysis was provided decrease levels of HCHs, DDTs and DAPs. -- Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Exposure to pesticides and organic solvents might be a risk factor for sporadic MND. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We report a patient who developed progressive upper and lower motor neuron disease. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The patient had a history of occupational exposure to pesticides and solvents. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer High DDTs' levels and increased levels of DMP and DEP were measured in his hair. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The patients' exposure to chemicals might have played a role in MND development.

  12. Environmental Field Surveys, EMF Rapid Program, Engineering Project No.3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Enertech Consultants

    1996-04-01

    The EMF Research and Public Information Dissemination Program (RAPID) includes several engineering research in the area of exposure assessment and source characterization. RAPID engineering project No. 3: ''Environmental Field Surveys'' was performed to obtain information on the levels and characteristics of different environments, for which only limited data were available, especially in comparison to magnetic field data for the residential environment and for electric utility facilities, such as power lines and substations. This project was also to provide information on the contribution of various field sources in the surveyed environments. Magnetic field surveys were performed at four sites for each of five environments: schools, hospitals, office buildings, machine shops, and grocery stores. Of the twenty sites surveyed, 11 were located in the San Francisco Bay Area and 9 in Massachusetts. The surveys used a protocol based on magnetic field measurements and observation of activity patterns, designed to provide estimates of magnetic field exposure by type of people and by type of sources. The magnetic field surveys conducted by this project produced a large amount of data which will form a part of the EMF measurement database Field and exposure data were obtained separately for ''area exposure'' and ''at exposure points''. An exposure point is a location where persons engage in fixed, site specific activities near a local source that creates a significant increase in the area field. The area field is produced by ''area sources'', whose location and field distribution is in general not related to the location of the people in the area.

  13. National Human Radiobiological Tissue Repository (NHRTR) at the United States Transuranium and Uranium Registries

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The NHRTR, one component of the USTUR, contains frozen tissues, tissue solutions, microscope slides, and paraffin blocks that were collected by the USTUR at the autopsy of workers with documented intakes of plutonium, americium, uranium, and thorium. The samples are available to qualified scientists for further research. Thousands of frozen, ashed, dried, and plastic embedded bone samples from the radium studies carried out by Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne Cancer Research Hospital, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the New Jersey Radium Research Project are available and linked by case number to de-identified, published case data. These data include the person's source of exposure (dial painter, therapeutic injection, etc.), estimated body burden, radiochemical results, and medical history. Other samples, including organs and whole body donations, have come from volunteer donors who were impacted by elements such as plutonium, throium, etc. See the USTUR website for information on how to apply for research samples or how to become a volunteer donor. [Information taken from http://www.ustur.wsu.edu/NHRTR/index.html#

  14. Advanced slow-magic angle spinning probe for magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wind, Robert A.; Hu, Jian Zhi; Minard, Kevin R.; Rommereim, Donald N.

    2006-01-24

    The present invention relates to a probe and processes useful for magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy instruments. More particularly, the invention relates to a MR probe and processes for obtaining resolution enhancements of fluid objects, including live specimens, using an ultra-slow (magic angle) spinning (MAS) of the specimen combined with a modified phase-corrected magic angle turning (PHORMAT) pulse sequence. Proton NMR spectra were measured of the torso and the top part of the belly of a female BALBc mouse in a 2T field, while spinning the animal at a speed of 1.5 Hz. Results show that even in this relatively low field with PHORMAT, an isotropic spectrum is obtained with line widths that are a factor 4.6 smaller than those obtained in a stationary mouse. Resolution of 1H NMR metabolite spectra are thus significantly enhanced. Results indicate that PHORMAT has the potential to significantly increase the utility of 1H NMR spectroscopy for in vivo biochemical, biomedical and/or medical applications involving large-sized biological objects such as mice, rats and even humans within a hospital setting. For small-sized objects, including biological objects, such as excised tissues, organs, live bacterial cells, and biofilms, use of PASS at a spinning rate of 30 Hz and above is preferred.

  15. From Tragedy to Triumph: Rebuilding Greensburg, Kansas To Be a 100% Renewable Energy City; Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pless, S.; Billman, L.; Wallach, D.

    2010-08-01

    On May 4, 2007, Greensburg, Kansas, was hit by a 1.7-mile wide tornado with 200 mph-plus wind speeds. This tornado destroyed or severely damaged 90% of Greensburg?s structures. We discuss the progress made in rebuilding Greensburg, with a focus on the built environment and on meeting Greensburg?s goal of 100% renewable energy, 100% of the time. We also discuss key disaster recovery efforts that enabled Greensburg to reach this goal. Key strategies included a Sustainable Comprehensive Master Plan, an ordinance resolving that city-owned buildings achieve LEED Platinum and 42% energy savings, a strong focus on rebuilding 'right' with an integrated design process, attracting significant and sustained technical experts and national media attention, and linking renewable and energy efficiency technologies to business development. After three years, more than half the homes that have been rebuilt are rated at an average of 40% energy savings. All significant commercial buildings, including the school, hospital, banks, courthouse, and retail buildings, have been rebuilt to LEED Gold and Platinum standards and exceed 40% savings, with many exceeding 50% savings. Greensburg recently constructed a 12.5-MW community wind farm to provide all the remaining energy needed for its energy-efficient buildings and homes.

  16. Emissions of greenhouse gases in the United States, 1985--1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-11-10

    The Earth`s capacity to support life depends on the moderating influences of gases that envelop the planet and warm its surface and protect it from harmful radiation. These gases are referred to as ``greenhouse gases.`` Their warming capacity, called ``the greenhouse effect,`` is essential to maintaining a climate hospitable to all plant, animal, and human life. In recent years, however, there has been increasing concern that human activity may be affecting the intricate balance between the Earth`s absorption of heat from the sun and its capacity to reradiate excess heat back into space. Emissions of greenhouse gases from human activities may be an important mechanism that affects global climate. Thus, research is intensifying to improve our understanding of the role human activities might play in influencing atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases. On the basis of scientific findings of the past few decades, the US Government and the international community at large are now taking steps toward stabilizing greenhouse gas emissions. This report contributes to that process. Mandated by Congress this report provides estimates of US emissions of the principal greenhouse gases--carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, chlorofluorcarbons, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and nonmethane volatile organic compounds. Estimates are for the period 1985 to 1990. Preliminary estimates for 1991 have also been included, whenever data were available.

  17. Limitations Influencing Interventional Radiology in Canada: Results of a National Survey by the Canadian Interventional Radiology Association (CIRA)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Brien, Jeremy; Baerlocher, Mark Otto Asch, Murray R.; Hayeems, Eran; Kachura, John R.; Collingwood, Peter

    2007-09-15

    Purpose. To describe the current state and limitations to interventional radiology (IR) in Canada through a large, national survey of Canadian interventional radiologists. Methods. An anonymous online survey was offered to members of the Canadian Interventional Radiology Association (CIRA). Only staff radiologists were invited to participate. Results. Seventy-five (75) responses were received from a total of 247, giving a response rate of 30%. Respondents were split approximately equally between academic centers (47%) and community practice (53%), and the majority of interventional radiologists worked in hospitals with either 200-500 (49%) or 500-1,000 (39%) beds. Procedures listed by respondents as most commonly performed in their practice included PICC line insertion (83%), angiography and stenting (65%), and percutaneous biopsy (37%). Procedures listed as not currently performed but which interventional radiologists believed would benefit their patient population included radiofrequency ablation (36%), carotid stenting (34%), and aortic stenting (21%); the majority of respondents noted that a lack of support from referring services was the main reason for not performing these procedures (56%). Impediments to increasing scope and volume of practice in Canadian IR were most commonly related to room or equipment shortage (35%), radiologist shortage (33%), and a lack of funding or administrative support (28%). Conclusion. Interventional radiology in Canada is limited by a number of factors including funding, manpower, and referral support. A concerted effort should be undertaken by individual interventional radiologists and IR organizations to increase training capacity, funding, remuneration, and public exposure to IR in order to help advance the subspecialty.

  18. Klamath Falls geothermal field, Oregon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lienau, P.J.; Culver, G.; Lund, J.W.

    1989-09-01

    Klamath Falls, Oregon, is located in a Known Geothermal Resource Area which has been used by residents, principally to obtain geothermal fluids for space heating, at least since the turn of the century. Over 500 shallow-depth wells ranging from 90 to 2,000 ft (27 to 610 m) in depth are used to heat (35 MWt) over 600 structures. This utilization includes the heating of homes, apartments, schools, commercial buildings, hospital, county jail, YMCA, and swimming pools by individual wells and three district heating systems. Geothermal well temperatures range from 100 to 230{degree}F (38 to 110{degree}C) and the most common practice is to use downhole heat exchangers with city water as the circulating fluid. Larger facilities and district heating systems use lineshaft vertical turbine pumps and plate heat exchangers. Well water chemistry indicates approximately 800 ppM dissolved solids, with sodium sulfate having the highest concentration. Some scaling and corrosion does occur on the downhole heat exchangers (black iron pipe) and on heating systems where the geo-fluid is used directly. 73 refs., 49 figs., 6 tabs.

  19. Improved Planning Time and Plan Quality Through Multicriteria Optimization for Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Craft, David L.; Hong, Theodore S.; Shih, Helen A.; Bortfeld, Thomas R.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: To test whether multicriteria optimization (MCO) can reduce treatment planning time and improve plan quality in intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). Methods and Materials: Ten IMRT patients (5 with glioblastoma and 5 with locally advanced pancreatic cancers) were logged during the standard treatment planning procedure currently in use at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). Planning durations and other relevant planning information were recorded. In parallel, the patients were planned using an MCO planning system, and similar planning time data were collected. The patients were treated with the standard plan, but each MCO plan was also approved by the physicians. Plans were then blindly reviewed 3 weeks after planning by the treating physician. Results: In all cases, the treatment planning time was vastly shorter for the MCO planning (average MCO treatment planning time was 12 min; average standard planning time was 135 min). The physician involvement time in the planning process increased from an average of 4.8 min for the standard process to 8.6 min for the MCO process. In all cases, the MCO plan was blindly identified as the superior plan. Conclusions: This provides the first concrete evidence that MCO-based planning is superior in terms of both planning efficiency and dose distribution quality compared with the current trial and error-based IMRT planning approach.

  20. Phosphate-Containing Polyethylene Glycol Polymers Prevent Lethal Sepsis by Multidrug-Resistant Pathogens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaborin, Alexander; Defazio, Jennifer; Kade, Matthew; Kaiser, Brooke LD; Belogortseva, Natalia; Camp, David G.; Smith, Richard D.; Adkins, Joshua N.; Kim, Sangman M.; Alverdy, Alexandria; Goldfeld, David; Firestone, Millicent; Collier, Joel; Jabri, Bana; Tirrell, Matthew; Zaborina, Olga; Alverdy, John C.

    2014-02-01

    The gastrointestinal tract is the primary site of colonization for multi-drug resistant healthcare associated pathogens (HAPs) that are the principal source and cause of life-threatening infections in critically ill patients. We previously identified a high molecular weight co-polymer (PEG15-20) with mucoadhesive and cytoprotective actions on the intestinal epithelium. In this report we covalently bonded phosphate (Pi) to PEG15-20 ( termed Pi-PEG15-20) to enhance its cytoprotective activity against microbial virulence activation and invasion based on our previous work showing that Pi is a key environmental cue regulating microbial virulence across pathogens of clinical importance to hospitalized patients. We demonstrated that Pi-PEG15-20 can suppress phosphate-, iron-, and quorum sensing signal- mediated activation of bacterial virulence as well as inhibit intestinal epithelial IL-8 release during lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure. Pi-PEG15-20 also prevented mortality in C. elegans and mice exposed to several highly virulent and antibiotic(?)-resistant health care acquired pathogens (HAPs) while preserving the normal microbiota. Intestinal application Pi-PEG 15-20 has the potential to be a useful agent to prevent the pathogenic activation of microbes during critical illness where exposure to HAPs is ubiquitous.

  1. A look at commercial buildings in 1995: Characteristics, energy consumption, and energy expenditures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-10-01

    The commercial sector consists of business establishments and other organizations that provide services. The sector includes service businesses, such as retail and wholesale stores, hotels and motels, restaurants, and hospitals, as well as a wide range of facilities that would not be considered commercial in a traditional economic sense, such as public schools, correctional institutions, and religious and fraternal organizations. Nearly all energy use in the commercial sector takes place in, or is associated with, the buildings that house these commercial activities. Analysis of the structures, activities, and equipment associated with different types of buildings is the clearest way to evaluate commercial sector energy use. The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) is a national-level sample survey of commercial buildings and their energy suppliers conducted quadrennially (previously triennially) by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The target population for the 1995 CBECS consisted of all commercial buildings in the US with more than 1,000 square feet of floorspace. Decision makers, businesses, and other organizations that are concerned with the use of energy--building owners and managers, regulators, legislative bodies and executive agencies at all levels of government, utilities and other energy suppliers--are confronted with a buildings sector that is complex. Data on major characteristics (e.g., type of building, size, year constructed, location) collected from the buildings, along with the amount and types of energy the buildings consume, help answer fundamental questions about the use of energy in commercial buildings.

  2. Influence of Lymphatic Invasion on Locoregional Recurrence Following Mastectomy: Indication for Postmastectomy Radiotherapy for Breast Cancer Patients With One to Three Positive Nodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matsunuma, Ryoichi; Oguchi, Masahiko; Fujikane, Tomoko; Matsuura, Masaaki; Sakai, Takehiko; Kimura, Kiyomi; Morizono, Hidetomo; Iijima, Kotaro; Izumori, Ayumi; Miyagi, Yumi; Nishimura, Seiichiro; Makita, Masujiro; Gomi, Naoya; Horii, Rie; Akiyama, Futoshi; Iwase, Takuji

    2012-07-01

    Purpose: The indication for postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) in breast cancer patients with one to three positive lymph nodes has been in discussion. The purpose of this study was to identify patient groups for whom PMRT may be indicated, focusing on varied locoregional recurrence rates depending on lymphatic invasion (ly) status. Methods and Materials: Retrospective analysis of 1,994 node-positive patients who had undergone mastectomy without postoperative radiotherapy between January 1990 and December 2000 at our hospital was performed. Patient groups for whom PMRT should be indicated were assessed using statistical tests based on the relationship between locoregional recurrence rate and ly status. Results: Multivariate analysis showed that the ly status affected the locoregional recurrence rate to as great a degree as the number of positive lymph nodes (p < 0.001). Especially for patients with one to three positive nodes, extensive ly was a more significant factor than stage T3 in the TNM staging system for locoregional recurrence (p < 0.001 vs. p = 0.295). Conclusion: Among postmastectomy patients with one to three positive lymph nodes, patients with extensive ly seem to require local therapy regimens similar to those used for patients with four or more positive nodes and also seem to require consideration of the use of PMRT.

  3. Impact of Concomitant Chemotherapy on Outcomes of Radiation Therapy for Head-and-Neck Cancer: A Population-Based Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gupta, Shlok; Kong, Weidong; Booth, Christopher M.; Mackillop, William J.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: Clinical trials have shown that the addition of chemotherapy to radiation therapy (RT) improves survival in advanced head-and-neck cancer. The objective of this study was to describe the effectiveness of concomitant chemoradiation therapy (C-CRT) in routine practice. Methods and Materials: This was a population-based cohort study. Electronic records of treatment from all provincial cancer centers were linked to a population--based cancer registry to describe the adoption of C-CRT for head-and-neck cancer patients in Ontario, Canada. The study population was then divided into pre- and postadoption cohorts, and their outcomes were compared. Results: Between 1992 and 2008, 18,867 patients had diagnoses of head-and-neck cancer in Ontario, of whom 7866 (41.7%) were treated with primary RT. The proportion of primary RT cases that received C-CRT increased from 2.2% in the preadoption cohort (1992-1998) to 39.3% in the postadoption cohort (2003-2008). Five-year survival among all primary RT cases increased from 43.6% in the preadoption cohort to 51.8% in the postadoption cohort (P<.001). Over the same period, treatment-related hospital admissions increased significantly, but there was no significant increase in treatment-related deaths. Conclusions: C-CRT was widely adopted in Ontario after 2003, and its adoption was temporally associated with an improvement in survival.

  4. Table lamp with dynamically controlled lighting distribution and uniformly illuminated luminous shade

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Siminovitch, Michael J.; Page, Erik R.

    2002-01-01

    A double lamp table or floor lamp lighting system has a pair of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) or other lamps arranged vertically, i.e. one lamp above the other, with a reflective septum in between. By selectively turning on one or both of the CFLs, down lighting, up lighting, or both up and down lighting is produced. The control system can also vary the light intensity from each CFL. The reflective septum ensures that almost all the light produced by each lamp will be directed into the desired light distribution pattern which is selected and easily changed by the user. In a particular configuration, the reflective septum is bowl shaped, with the upper CFL sitting in the bowl, and a luminous shade hanging down from the bowl. The lower CFL provides both task lighting and uniform shade luminance. Planar compact fluorescent lamps, e.g. circular CFLs, particularly oriented horizontally, are preferable. CFLs provide energy efficiency. However, other types of lamps, including incandescent, halogen, and LEDs can also be used in the fixture. The lighting system may be designed for the home, hospitality, office or other environments.

  5. WE-D-BRD-01: Innovation in Radiation Therapy Delivery: Advanced Digital Linac Features

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xing, L; Wong, J; Li, R

    2014-06-15

    Last few years has witnessed significant advances in linac technology and therapeutic dose delivery method. Digital linacs equipped with high dose rate FFF beams have been clinically implemented in a number of hospitals. Gated VMAT is becoming increasingly popular in treating tumors affected by respiratory motion. This session is devoted to update the audience with these technical advances and to present our experience in clinically implementing the new linacs and dose delivery methods. Topics to be covered include, technical features of new generation of linacs from different vendors, dosimetric characteristics and clinical need for FFF-beam based IMRT and VMAT, respiration-gated VMAT, the concept and implementation of station parameter optimized radiation therapy (SPORT), beam level imaging and onboard image guidance tools. Emphasis will be on providing fundamental understanding of the new treatment delivery and image guidance strategies, control systems, and the associated dosimetric characteristics. Commissioning and acceptance experience on these new treatment delivery technologies will be reported. Clinical experience and challenges encountered during the process of implementation of the new treatment techniques and future applications of the systems will also be highlighted. Learning Objectives: Present background knowledge of emerging digital linacs and summarize their key geometric and dosimetric features. SPORT as an emerging radiation therapy modality specifically designed to take advantage of digital linacs. Discuss issues related to the acceptance and commissioning of the digital linacs and FFF beams. Describe clinical utility of the new generation of digital linacs and their future applications.

  6. Economic impacts of a hypothetical H1N1 pandemic : a cross-sectional analysis.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Braeton J.; Shaneyfelt, Calvin R.

    2010-06-01

    A NISAC study on the economic effects of a hypothetical H1N1 pandemic was done in order to assess the differential impacts at the state and industry levels given changes in absenteeism, mortality, and consumer spending rates. Part of the analysis was to determine if there were any direct relationships between pandemic impacts and gross domestic product (GDP) losses. Multiple regression analysis was used because it shows very clearly which predictors are significant in their impact on GDP. GDP impact data taken from the REMI PI+ (Regional Economic Models, Inc., Policy Insight +) model was used to serve as the response variable. NISAC economists selected the average absenteeism rate, mortality rate, and consumer spending categories as the predictor variables. Two outliers were found in the data: Nevada and Washington, DC. The analysis was done twice, with the outliers removed for the second analysis. The second set of regressions yielded a cleaner model, but for the purposes of this study, the analysts deemed it not as useful because particular interest was placed on determining the differential impacts to states. Hospitals and accommodation were found to be the most important predictors of percentage change in GDP among the consumer spending variables.

  7. A survey of geothermal process heat applications in Guatemala: An engineering survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Altseimer, J.H.; Edeskuty, F.J.

    1988-08-01

    This study investigates how process heat from Guatemala's geothermal energy resources can be developed to reduce Guatemala's costly importation of oil, create new employment by encouraging new industry, and reduce fuel costs for existing industry. This investigation was funded by the US Agency for International Development and carried out jointly by the Guatemalan Government and the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Two sites, Amatitlan and Zunil, are being developed geothermally. Amatitlan is in the better industrial area but Zunil's geothermal development is more advanced. The industry around Zunil is almost exclusively agricultural and the development of an agricultural processing plant (freezing, dehydration, and cold storage) using geothermal heat is recommended. Similar developments throughout the volcanic zones of Guatemala are possible. Later, when the field at Amatitlan has been further developed, an industrial park can be planned. Potential Amatitlan applications are the final stage of salt refining, a thermal power plant, hospital/hotel heating and cooling, steam curing of concrete blocks, production of alcohol from sugar cane, and production of polyethylene from ethanol. Other special developments such as water pumping for the city of Guatemala and the use of moderate-temperature geothermal fluids for localized power production are also possible. 12 refs., 13 figs., 14 tabs.

  8. NRC - regulator of nuclear safety

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-05-01

    The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) was formed in 1975 to regulate the various commercial and institutional uses of nuclear energy, including nuclear power plants. The agency succeeded the Atomic Energy Commission, which previously had responsibility for both developing and regulating nuclear activities. Federal research and development work for all energy sources, as well as nuclear weapons production, is now conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy. Under its responsibility to protect public health and safety, the NRC has three principal regulatory functions: (1) establish standards and regulations, (2) issue licenses for nuclear facilities and users of nuclear materials, and (3) inspect facilities and users of nuclear materials to ensure compliance with the requirements. These regulatory functions relate to both nuclear power plants and to other uses of nuclear materials - like nuclear medicine programs at hospitals, academic activities at educational institutions, research work, and such industrial applications as gauges and testing equipment. The NRC places a high priority on keeping the public informed of its work. The agency recognizes the interest of citizens in what it does through such activities as maintaining public document rooms across the country and holding public hearings, public meetings in local areas, and discussions with individuals and organizations.

  9. Wireless Sensor Networks - Node Localization for Various Industry Problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Derr, Kurt; Manic, Milos

    2015-06-01

    Fast, effective monitoring following airborne releases of toxic substances is critical to mitigate risks to threatened population areas. Wireless sensor nodes at fixed predetermined locations may monitor such airborne releases and provide early warnings to the public. A challenging algorithmic problem is determining the locations to place these sensor nodes while meeting several criteria: 1) provide complete coverage of the domain, and 2) create a topology with problem dependent node densities, while 3) minimizing the number of sensor nodes. This manuscript presents a novel approach to determining optimal sensor placement, Advancing Front mEsh generation with Constrained dElaunay Triangulation and Smoothing (AFECETS) that addresses these criteria. A unique aspect of AFECETS is the ability to determine wireless sensor node locations for areas of high interest (hospitals, schools, high population density areas) that require higher density of nodes for monitoring environmental conditions, a feature that is difficult to find in other research work. The AFECETS algorithm was tested on several arbitrary shaped domains. AFECETS simulation results show that the algorithm 1) provides significant reduction in the number of nodes, in some cases over 40%, compared to an advancing front mesh generation algorithm, 2) maintains and improves optimal spacing between nodes, and 3) produces simulation run times suitable for real-time applications.

  10. Energy for sustainable development: Key issues and challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaygusuz, K.

    2007-07-01

    Energy generation and use are strongly linked to all elements of sustainable development such as economic, social, and environmental. The history of human development rests on the availability and use of energy, the transformation from the early use of fire and animal power that improved lives, to the present world with use of electricity and clean fuels for a multitude of purposes. Energy is the neglected issue of the development debate. The lack of access to reliable and clean energy supplies is a major barrier to improving human well-being around the globe. There are an estimated 1.6 billion people living in the rural areas of developing countries who lack access to electricity, and so dependence on fossil fuels. Combustion of fossil fuels produces large amounts of CO{sub 2}, an important greenhouse gas. In response to increasing concern about the effect of anthropogenic greenhouse gases on global climate, international action has been agreed to reduce these emissions. On the other hand, renewable energy is the great, barely tapped solution to the two great challenges of the coming century such as poverty and global warming. Not only can renewable energy provide a clean, flexible power source for homes, schools and hospitals, at the micro-to-medium scale it has huge potential to create meaningful and useful jobs.

  11. Development of High Efficiency Carbon Dioxide Commercial Heat Pump Water Heater

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael PETERSEN; Chad D. BOWERS; Stefan ELBEL; Pega HRNJAK

    2012-07-01

    Although heat pump water heaters are today widely accepted in both Japan and Europe, where energy costs are high and government incentives for their use exist, acceptance of such products in the US has been limited. While this trend is slowly changing with the introduction of heat pump water heaters into the residential market, but acceptance remains low in the commercial sector. The objective of the presented work is the development of a high efficiency R744 heat pump water heater for commercial applications with effective utilization of the cooling capability for air conditioning and/or refrigeration. The ultimate goal is to achieve total system COP of up to 8. This unit will be targeted at commercial use where some cooling load is typically needed year round, such as restaurants, hotels, nursing homes, and hospitals. This paper presents the performance results from the development of four R744 commercial heat pump water heater packages of approximately 35 kW and comparison to a commercially available baseline R134a unit of the same capacity and footprint. In addition, the influences of an internal heat exchanger and an enhanced evaporator on the system performance are described and recommendations are made for further improvements of the R744 system.

  12. Comparison of Clinical Outcomes of Surgery Followed by Local Brain Radiotherapy and Surgery Followed by Whole Brain Radiotherapy in Patients With Single Brain Metastasis: Single-Center Retrospective Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hashimoto, Kenji; Narita, Yoshitaka; Miyakita, Yasuji; Ohno, Makoto; Sumi, Minako; Mayahara, Hiroshi; Kayama, Takamasa; Shibui, Soichiro

    2011-11-15

    Purpose: Data comparing the clinical outcomes of local brain radiotherapy (LBRT) and whole brain RT (WBRT) in patients with a single brain metastasis after tumor removal are limited. Patients and Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed to compare the patterns of treatment failure, cause of death, progression-free survival, median survival time, and Karnofsky performance status for long-term survivors among patients who underwent surgery followed by either LBRT or WBRT between 1990 and 2008 at the National Cancer Center Hospital. Results: A total of 130 consecutive patients were identified. The median progression-free survival period among the patients who received postoperative LBRT (n = 64) and WBRT (n = 66) was 9.7 and 11.5 months, respectively (p = .75). The local recurrence rates (LBRT, 9.4% vs. WBRT, 12.1%) and intracranial new metastasis rate (LBRT, 42.2% vs. WBRT, 33.3%) were similar in each arm. The incidence of leptomeningeal metastasis was also equivalent (LBRT, 9.4% vs. WBRT, 10.6%). The median survival time for the LBRT and WBRT patients was 13.9 and 16.7 months, respectively (p = .88). A neurologic cause of death was noted in 35.6% of the patients in the LBRT group and 36.7% of the WBRT group (p = .99). The Karnofsky performance status at 2 years was comparable between the two groups. Conclusions: The clinical outcomes of LBRT and WBRT were similar. A prospective evaluation is warranted.

  13. Survival analysis of colorectal cancer patients with tumor recurrence using global score test methodology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zain, Zakiyah Ahmad, Yuhaniz; Azwan, Zairul E-mail: farhanaraduan@gmail.com Raduan, Farhana E-mail: farhanaraduan@gmail.com Sagap, Ismail E-mail: farhanaraduan@gmail.com; Aziz, Nazrina

    2014-12-04

    Colorectal cancer is the third and the second most common cancer worldwide in men and women respectively, and the second in Malaysia for both genders. Surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are among the options available for treatment of patients with colorectal cancer. In clinical trials, the main purpose is often to compare efficacy between experimental and control treatments. Treatment comparisons often involve several responses or endpoints, and this situation complicates the analysis. In the case of colorectal cancer, sets of responses concerned with survival times include: times from tumor removal until the first, the second and the third tumor recurrences, and time to death. For a patient, the time to recurrence is correlated to the overall survival. In this study, global score test methodology is used in combining the univariate score statistics for comparing treatments with respect to each survival endpoint into a single statistic. The data of tumor recurrence and overall survival of colorectal cancer patients are taken from a Malaysian hospital. The results are found to be similar to those computed using the established Wei, Lin and Weissfeld method. Key factors such as ethnic, gender, age and stage at diagnose are also reported.

  14. Cine EPID evaluation of two non-commercial techniques for DIBH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jensen, Christopher; Urribarri, Jaime; Cail, Daniel; Rottmann, Joerg; Mishra, Pankaj; Lingos, Tatiana; Niedermayr, Thomas; Berbeco, Ross, E-mail: rberbeco@lroc.harvard.edu [Brigham and Women's Hospital, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115 (United States)] [Brigham and Women's Hospital, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115 (United States)

    2014-02-15

    Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of two noncommercial techniques for deep inspiration breathhold (DIBH) treatment of left-sided breast cancer (LSBC) usingcine electronic portal imaging device (EPID) images. Methods: 23?875 EPID images of 65 patients treated for LSBC at two different cancer treatment centers were retrieved. At the Milford Regional Cancer Center, DIBH stability was maintained by visual alignment of inroom lasers and patient skin tattoos (TAT). At the South Shore Hospital, a distance-measuring laser device (RTSSD) was implemented. For both centers,cine EPID images were acquired at least once per week during beam-on. Chest wall position relative to image boundary was measured and tracked over the course of treatment for every patient and treatment fraction for which data were acquired. Results: Median intrabeam chest motion was 0.31 mm for the TAT method and 0.37 mm for the RTSSD method. The maximum excursions exceeded our treatment protocol threshold of 3 mm in 0.3% of cases (TAT) and 1.2% of cases (RTSSD). The authors did not observe a clinically significant difference between the two datasets. Conclusions: Both noncommercial techniques for monitoring the DIBH location provided DIBH stability within the predetermined treatment protocol parameters (<3 mm). The intreatment imaging offered by the EPID operating incine mode facilitates retrospective analysis and validation of both techniques.

  15. Public and Institutional Markets for ESCO Services: ComparingPrograms, Practices and Prformance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; McWilliams, Jennifer; Birr,Dave; Stoughton McMordie, Kate

    2005-03-01

    Throughout the U.S. energy services company (ESCO) industry's history, public and institutional sector customers have provided the greatest opportunities for ESCOs to develop projects. Generally speaking, these facilities are large, possess aging infrastructure, and have limited capital budgets for improvements. The convergence of these factors with strong enabling policy support makes performance contracting an attractive and viable option for these customers. Yet despite these shared characteristics and drivers, there is surprising variety of experience among public/institutional customers and projects. This collaborative study examines the public/institutional markets in detail by comparing the overarching models and project performance in the federal government and the ''MUSH'' markets municipal agencies (state/local government), universities/colleges, K-12 schools,and hospitals that have traditionally played host to much of the ESCO industry's activity. Results are drawn from a database of 1634 completed projects held in partnership by the National Association of Energy Services Companies and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (the NAESCO/LBNL database), including 129 federal Super Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPC) provided by the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) (Strajnic and Nealon 2003). Project data results are supplemented by interviews with ESCOs.

  16. Effects of air pollution on children's respiratory health in three Chinese cities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qian, Z.; Chapman, R.S.; Tian, Q.; Chen, Y.; Lioy, P.J.; Zhang, J.

    2000-04-01

    During the winter of 1988--1989, parents of 2,789 elementary-school students completed standardized questionnaires. The students were 5--14 y of age and were from three urban districts and one suburban district of three large Chinese cities. The 4-y average ambient levels of total suspended particles in the three cities differed greatly during the period 1985--1988: Lanzhou, 1,067 {micro}g/m{sup 3}; urban Wuhan, 406 {micro}g/m{sup 3}; Guangzhou, 296 {micro}g/m{sup 3}; and suburban Wuhan, 191 {micro}g/m{sup 3}. The authors constructed unconditional logistic-regression models to calculate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for prevalences of several respiratory symptoms and illnesses, adjusted for district, use of coal in the home, and parental smoking status. There was a positive and significant association between total suspended particle levels and the adjusted odds ratios for couch, phlegm, hospitalization for diseases, and pneumonia. This association was derived from only the 1,784 urban children and, therefore, the authors were unable to extrapolate it to the suburban children. The results also indicated that parental smoking status was associated with cough and phlegm, and use of coal in the home was associated only with cough prevalence.

  17. Cutaneous Bronchobiliary Fistula Treated with Tissucol Sealant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prieto-Nieto, M. I. Perez-Robledo, J. P.; Alvarez-Luque, A. Suz, J. I. Acitores Torres, J. Novo

    2011-02-15

    Bronchobiliary fistula is a rare and is an uncommon but severe complication of hydatid disease of the liver. Treatment has traditionally been surgical resection, but embolization and stent placement have been described. The invasive method seems to be a key component of patient treatment. We describe a case of a 58-year-old woman who, 25 years before, had undergone surgery for a hydatid cyst. A total cystectomy without previous puncture or parasite extraction was carried out. The lower aspect of the cyst was found to be completely perforated over the biliary duct. During the postoperative course, the patient had subphrenic right-sided pleural effusion and biliary fistula that subsided with medical treatment. Afterward, the patient came to the outpatient area of our hospital complaining of leakage of purulent exudate through the cutaneous opening, pain located on the right hypochondrium radiating to the right hemithorax, malaise, fever, chronic cough, and occasional vomiting of bile. Fistulography revealed an anfractuous cavity communicating with a residual cystic cavity on the right hepatic lobe. We observed communication with the intrahepatic canaliculi. Computed tomographic scan revealed a fistulous tract on the anterior liver border through the abdominal wall. There were no posttreatment complications. The patient is asymptomatic.

  18. Demonstration of an on-site PAFC cogeneration system with waste heat utilization by a new gas absorption chiller

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Urata, Tatsuo

    1996-12-31

    Analysis and cost reduction of fuel cells is being promoted to achieve commercial on-site phosphoric acid fuel cells (on-site FC). However, for such cells to be effectively utilized, a cogeneration system designed to use the heat generated must be developed at low cost. Room heating and hot-water supply are the most simple and efficient uses of the waste heat of fuel cells. However, due to the short room-heating period of about 4 months in most areas in Japan, the sites having demand for waste heat of fuel cells throughout the year will be limited to hotels and hospitals Tokyo Gas has therefore been developing an on-site FC and the technology to utilize tile waste heat of fuel cells for room cooling by means of an absorption refrigerator. The paper describes the results of fuel cell cogeneration tests conducted on a double effect gas absorption chiller heater with auxiliary waste heat recovery (WGAR) that Tokyo Gas developed in its Energy Technology Research Laboratory.

  19. Wireless Sensor Networks - Node Localization for Various Industry Problems

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Derr, Kurt; Manic, Milos

    2015-06-01

    Fast, effective monitoring following airborne releases of toxic substances is critical to mitigate risks to threatened population areas. Wireless sensor nodes at fixed predetermined locations may monitor such airborne releases and provide early warnings to the public. A challenging algorithmic problem is determining the locations to place these sensor nodes while meeting several criteria: 1) provide complete coverage of the domain, and 2) create a topology with problem dependent node densities, while 3) minimizing the number of sensor nodes. This manuscript presents a novel approach to determining optimal sensor placement, Advancing Front mEsh generation with Constrained dElaunay Triangulation and Smoothingmore » (AFECETS) that addresses these criteria. A unique aspect of AFECETS is the ability to determine wireless sensor node locations for areas of high interest (hospitals, schools, high population density areas) that require higher density of nodes for monitoring environmental conditions, a feature that is difficult to find in other research work. The AFECETS algorithm was tested on several arbitrary shaped domains. AFECETS simulation results show that the algorithm 1) provides significant reduction in the number of nodes, in some cases over 40%, compared to an advancing front mesh generation algorithm, 2) maintains and improves optimal spacing between nodes, and 3) produces simulation run times suitable for real-time applications.« less

  20. High-flux neutron source based on a liquid-lithium target

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Halfon, S. [Soreq NRC, Yavne, 81800 (Israel) and Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 91904 (Israel); Feinberg, G. [Soreq NRC, Yavne, 81800 (Israel) and Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 91904 (Israel); Paul, M. [Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 91904 (Israel); Arenshtam, A.; Berkovits, D.; Kijel, D.; Nagler, A.; Eliyahu, I.; Silverman, I. [Soreq NRC, Yavne, 81800 (Israel)

    2013-04-19

    A prototype compact Liquid Lithium Target (LiLiT), able to constitute an accelerator-based intense neutron source, was built. The neutron source is intended for nuclear astrophysical research, boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) in hospitals and material studies for fusion reactors. The LiLiT setup is presently being commissioned at Soreq Nuclear research Center (SNRC). The lithium target will produce neutrons through the {sup 7}Li(p,n){sup 7}Be reaction and it will overcome the major problem of removing the thermal power generated by a high-intensity proton beam, necessary for intense neutron flux for the above applications. The liquid-lithium loop of LiLiT is designed to generate a stable lithium jet at high velocity on a concave supporting wall with free surface toward the incident proton beam (up to 10 kW). During off-line tests, liquid lithium was flown through the loop and generated a stable jet at velocity higher than 5 m/s on the concave supporting wall. The target is now under extensive test program using a high-power electron-gun. Up to 2 kW electron beam was applied on the lithium flow at velocity of 4 m/s without any flow instabilities or excessive evaporation. High-intensity proton beam irradiation will take place at SARAF (Soreq Applied Research Accelerator Facility) superconducting linear accelerator currently in commissioning at SNRC.

  1. Management of hazardous medical waste in Croatia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marinkovic, Natalija Vitale, Ksenija; Holcer, Natasa Janev; Dzakula, Aleksandar; Pavic, Tomo

    2008-07-01

    This article provides a review of hazardous medical waste production and its management in Croatia. Even though Croatian regulations define all steps in the waste management chain, implementation of those steps is one of the country's greatest issues. Improper practice is evident from the point of waste production to final disposal. The biggest producers of hazardous medical waste are hospitals that do not implement existing legislation, due to the lack of education and funds. Information on quantities, type and flow of medical waste are inadequate, as is sanitary control. We propose an integrated approach to medical waste management based on a hierarchical structure from the point of generation to its disposal. Priority is given to the reduction of the amounts and potential for harm. Where this is not possible, management includes reduction by sorting and separating, pretreatment on site, safe transportation, final treatment and sanitary disposal. Preferred methods should be the least harmful for human health and the environment. Integrated medical waste management could greatly reduce quantities and consequently financial strains. Landfilling is the predominant route of disposal in Croatia, although the authors believe that incineration is the most appropriate method. In a country such as Croatia, a number of small incinerators would be the most economical solution.

  2. Fuel cells provide a revenue-generating solution to power quality problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, J.M. Jr.

    1996-03-01

    Electric power quality and reliability are becoming increasingly important as computers and microprocessors assume a larger role in commercial, health care and industrial buildings and processes. At the same time, constraints on transmission and distribution of power from central stations are making local areas vulnerable to low voltage, load addition limitations, power quality and power reliability problems. Many customers currently utilize some form of premium power in the form of standby generators and/or UPS systems. These include customers where continuous power is required because of health and safety or security reasons (hospitals, nursing homes, places of public assembly, air traffic control, military installations, telecommunications, etc.) These also include customers with industrial or commercial processes which can`t tolerance an interruption of power because of product loss or equipment damage. The paper discusses the use of the PC25 fuel cell power plant for backup and parallel power supplies for critical industrial applications. Several PC25 installations are described: the use of propane in a PC25; the use by rural cooperatives; and a demonstration of PC25 technology using landfill gas.

  3. Role of Adjuvant Radiotherapy in Granulosa Cell Tumors of the Ovary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hauspy, Jan; Beiner, Mario E.; Harley, Ian; Rosen, Barry; Murphy, Joan; Chapman, William; Le, Lisa W.; Fyles, Anthony; Levin, Wilfred

    2011-03-01

    Purpose: To review the role of adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) in the outcome and recurrence patterns of granulosa cell tumors (GCTs) of the ovary. Methods and Materials: The records of all patients with GCTs referred to the Princess Margaret Hospital University Health Network between 1961 and 2006 were retrospectively reviewed. The patient, tumor, and treatment factors were assessed by univariate and multivariate analyses using disease-free survival (DFS) as the endpoint. Results: A total of 103 patients with histologically confirmed GCTs were included in the present study. The mean duration of follow-up was 100 months (range, 1-399). Of the 103 patients, 31 received adjuvant RT. A total of 39 patients developed tumor recurrence. The tumor size, incidence of intraoperative rupture, and presence of concurrent endometrial cancer were not significant risk factors for DFS. The median DFS was 251 months for patients who underwent adjuvant RT compared with 112 months for patients who did not (p = .02). On multivariate analysis, adjuvant RT remained a significant prognostic factor for DFS (p = .004). Of the 103 patients, 12 had died and 44 were lost to follow-up. Conclusion: Ovarian GCTs can be indolent, with patients achieving long-term survival. In our series, adjuvant RT resulted in a significantly longer DFS. Ideally, randomized trials with long-term follow-up are needed to define the role of adjuvant RT for ovarian GCTs.

  4. Sources and management of hazardous waste in Papua New Guinea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, K.

    1996-12-31

    Papua New Guinea (PNG) has considerable mineral wealth, especially in gold and copper. Large-scale mining takes place, and these activities are the source of most of PNG`s hazardous waste. Most people live in small farming communities throughout the region. Those living adjacent to mining areas have experienced some negative impacts from river ecosystem damage and erosion of their lands. Industry is centered mainly in urban areas and Generates waste composed of various products. Agricultural products, pesticide residues, and chemicals used for preserving timber and other forestry products also produce hazardous waste. Most municipal waste comes from domestic and commercial premises; it consists mainly of combustibles, noncombustibles, and other wastes. Hospitals generate pathogenic organisms, radioactive materials, and chemical and pharmaceutical laboratory waste. Little is known about the actual treatment of waste before disposal in PNG. Traditional low-cost waste disposal methods are usually practiced, such as use of landfills; storage in surface impoundments; and disposal in public sewers, rivers, and the sea. Indiscriminate burning of domestic waste in backyards is also commonly practiced in urban and rural areas. 10 refs., 4 tabs.

  5. Work environments and organizational effectiveness: A call for integration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heerwagen, J.H.; Heubach, J.G.; Brown, B.W.; Sanchez, J.A.; Montgomery, J.C.; Weimer, W.C.

    1994-07-01

    In response to a request from the Pacific Northwest Laboratory`s Analytical Chemistry Upgrades Program, a team was formed to (1) review work environment and productivity research, (2) report the research in a manner usable to organizational decision-makers, (3) identify Hanford Site facilities examples of the work environment principles and research, and (4) publish the review results in a referred journal. This report summarizes the work environment-organizational effectiveness research reviewed, provides the foundation for a publishable article, and outlines the integration of work environment research and organizational effectiveness in continuing improvement programs and strategic planning. The research cited in this review shows that the physical work environment offers a valuable tool that, used wisely, can contribute significantly to the performance of an organization, its bottom-line economics, and the well-being of all of its employees. This finding leads to one central recommendation: to derive the maximum benefit to the corporation, managers and designers must integrate organizational goals and programs with work environment design. While much of the research cited focuses on office environments, the results and design principles and practices are relevant to a full range of settings: laboratories, schools, hospitals, and factories. The major findings of the research reviewed are summarized below in four areas: (1) performance, (2) well-being, (3) image, and (4) turnover and recruitment.

  6. Establishing remediation levels in response to a radiological dispersal event (or dirty bomb).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elcock, D.; Klemic, G. A.; Taboas, A. L.; Environmental Assessment; Environmental Measurements Lab.; DOE-CH

    2004-05-01

    The detonation of a radiological dispersal device (RDD) could produce significant social and economic damage, the extent of which would depend largely on how quickly and effectively cleanup levels were established and on public acceptance of those levels. This paper shows that current radiological cleanup laws and regulations, models for converting dose or risk goals to cleanup concentrations, and existing site-specific criteria were not designed specifically for RDD cleanups but, absent changes, would apply by default. The goals and approaches of these legal and methodological structures often conflict; using them in response to terrorism could undermine public confidence, cause delays, and produce unnecessary costs or unacceptable cleanups. RDD cleanups would involve immediate priorities not envisioned in the existing radiological cleanup framework, such as balancing radiation risks with the health, economic, and other societal impacts associated with access to the infrastructure necessary to sustain society (e.g., hospitals, bridges, utilities). To minimize the achievement of terrorism goals, the elements of an RDD cleanup response -- including updating existing legal/regulatory structures to clarify federal authority, goals, and methods for developing RDD cleanup criteria -- must be in place soon; given the complexity of the issues and the potential societal impact, this effort should be expedited.

  7. Development of a Smart MicroGrid Testbed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Wei-Jen; Wetz, David

    2013-04-25

    Demand for electricity is rapidly increasing thereby applying pressure to expand generation and distribution capacity worldwide. The expansion of traditional services not only imposes burdens on financial resources but also encounters many challenges from community residents who oppose the construction of new power generation plants or transmission facilities in their backyard. From the integrated resource planning point of view, a feasible and economical remedy is, therefore, to utilize existing dispersed generation capacity known as distributed generation (DG) and/or renewable energy resources that may exist in the vicinity of the load centers. The main criteria for selecting the type of fuel source for a DG is its local availability, conversion system technological advancement, impact on the environment, and operating cost. DG’s have existed in the market for many years. Large diesel or gas powered generation sets are used in stand-by mode to power up vital services such as hospitals, financial and commercial compounds, telecommunication centers and industrial premises. Wind turbines, photovoltaic energy sources, and fuel cells are new comers that are now competing in size and efficiency with many standard generating sets. With this in mind, they are being used in many places not only as stand-by units but as the prime source of power particularly when the $/kWhr rate is high[1-5].

  8. Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide (AERG): Practical Ways to Improve Energy Performance; Healthcare Facilities (Book)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendron, R.; Leach, M.; Bonnema, E.; Shekhar, D.; Pless, S.

    2013-09-01

    The Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide for Healthcare Facilities is part of a series of retrofit guides commissioned by the U.S. Department of Energy. By presenting general project planning guidance as well as detailed descriptions and financial payback metrics for the most important and relevant energy efficiency measures (EEMs), the guides provide a practical roadmap for effectively planning and implementing performance improvements in existing buildings. The Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides (AERGs) are intended to address key segments of the U.S. commercial building stock: retail stores, office buildings, K-12 schools, grocery stores, and healthcare facilities. The guides' general project planning considerations are applicable nationwide; the energy and cost savings estimates for recommended EEMs were developed based on energy simulations and cost estimates for an example hospital tailored to five distinct climate regions. These results can be extrapolated to other U.S. climate zones. Analysis is presented for individual EEMs, and for packages of recommended EEMs for two project types: existing building commissioning projects that apply low-cost and no-cost measures, and whole-building retrofits involving more capital-intensive measures.

  9. Direct utilization of geothermal energy for space and water heating at Marlin, Texas. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conover, M.F.; Green, T.F.; Keeney, R.C.; Ellis, P.F. II; Davis, R.J.; Wallace, R.C.; Blood, F.B.

    1983-05-01

    The Torbett-Hutchings-Smith Memorial Hospital geothermal heating project, which is one of nineteen direct-use geothermal projects funded principally by DOE, is documented. The five-year project encompassed a broad range of technical, institutional, and economic activities including: resource and environmental assessments; well drilling and completion; system design, construction, and monitoring; economic analyses; public awareness programs; materials testing; and environmental monitoring. Some of the project conclusions are that: (1) the 155/sup 0/F Central Texas geothermal resource can support additional geothermal development; (2) private-sector economic incentives currently exist, especially for profit-making organizations, to develop and use this geothermal resource; (3) potential uses for this geothermal resource include water and space heating, poultry dressing, natural cheese making, fruit and vegetable dehydrating, soft-drink bottling, synthetic-rubber manufacturing, and furniture manufacturing; (4) high maintenance costs arising from the geofluid's scaling and corrosion tendencies can be avoided through proper analysis and design; (5) a production system which uses a variable-frequency drive system to control production rate is an attractive means of conserving parasitic pumping power, controlling production rate to match heating demand, conserving the geothermal resource, and minimizing environmental impacts.

  10. Primary Radiation Therapy for Head-and-Neck Cancer in the Setting of Human Immunodeficiency Virus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klein, Emily A.; Guiou, Michael; Farwell, D. Gregory; Luu, Quang; Lau, Derick H.; Stuart, Kerri; Vaughan, Andrew; Vijayakumar, Srinivasan; Chen, Allen M.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: To analyze outcomes after radiation therapy for head-and-neck cancer among a cohort of patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Methods and Materials: The medical records of 12 patients with serologic evidence of HIV who subsequently underwent radiation therapy to a median dose of 68 Gy (range, 64-72 Gy) for newly diagnosed squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck were reviewed. Six patients (50%) received concurrent chemotherapy. Intensity-modulated radiotherapy was used in 6 cases (50%). All patients had a Karnofsky performance status of 80 or 90. Nine patients (75%) were receiving antiretroviral therapies at the time of treatment, and the median CD4 count was 460 (range, 266-800). Toxicity was graded according to the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group / European Organization for the Treatment of Cancer toxicity criteria. Results: The 3-year estimates of overall survival and local-regional control were 78% and 92%, respectively. Acute Grade 3+ toxicity occurred in 7 patients (58%), the most common being confluent mucositis (5 patients) and moist skin desquamation (4 patients). Two patients experienced greater than 10% weight loss, and none experienced more than 15% weight loss from baseline. Five patients (42%) experienced treatment breaks in excess of 10 cumulative days, although none required hospitalization. There were no treatment-related fatalities. Conclusions: Radiation therapy for head-and-neck cancer seems to be relatively well tolerated among appropriately selected patients with HIV. The observed rates of toxicity were comparable to historical controls without HIV.

  11. Case report: Profound neurobehavioral deficits in an oil field worker overcome by hydrogen sulfide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kilburn, K.H. )

    1993-11-01

    A 24-year-old oil well tester was rendered semiconscious by hydrogen sulfide (H2S). He received oxygen and was hospitalized but released in 30 minutes. The next day, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and incontinence of urine and stool led to rehospitalization. These problems and leg shaking, dizziness, sweating, trouble sleeping, and nightmares prevented his return to work. A physical examination, chest x-ray, and pulmonary function tests were normal 39 months after the episode but vibration sense was diminished. Two choice visual reaction times were delayed. Balance was highly abnormal (5 to 6 cm/sec) with eyes closed. Blink reflex latency was slow (R-1 17.5 msec versus normal 14.3 msec). Numbers written on finger tips were not recognized. Verbal and visual recall were impaired but overlearned memory was intact. Cognitive functions measured by Culture Fair, block design, and digit symbol were impaired. Perceptual motor was slow. Scores for confusion, tension-anxiety, depression, and fatigue were elevated and vigor was reduced. Forty-nine months after exposure his reaction time, sway speed, and color vision had not improved. His recall and his cognitive, constructional, and psychomotor speeds had improved but remained abnormal. These deficits are most likely due to H2S. Similar testing of other survivors is recommended.

  12. Analysis of the Argonne distance tabletop exercise method.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tanzman, E. A.; Nieves, L. A.; Decision and Information Sciences

    2008-02-14

    The purpose of this report is to summarize and evaluate the Argonne Distance Tabletop Exercise (DISTEX) method. DISTEX is intended to facilitate multi-organization, multi-objective tabletop emergency response exercises that permit players to participate from their own facility's incident command center. This report is based on experience during its first use during the FluNami 2007 exercise, which took place from September 19-October 17, 2007. FluNami 2007 exercised the response of local public health officials and hospitals to a hypothetical pandemic flu outbreak. The underlying purpose of the DISTEX method is to make tabletop exercising more effective and more convenient for playing organizations. It combines elements of traditional tabletop exercising, such as scenario discussions and scenario injects, with distance learning technologies. This distance-learning approach also allows playing organizations to include a broader range of staff in the exercise. An average of 81.25 persons participated in each weekly webcast session from all playing organizations combined. The DISTEX method required development of several components. The exercise objectives were based on the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Target Capabilities List. The ten playing organizations included four public health departments and six hospitals in the Chicago area. An extent-of-play agreement identified the objectives applicable to each organization. A scenario was developed to drive the exercise over its five-week life. Weekly problem-solving task sets were designed to address objectives that could not be addressed fully during webcast sessions, as well as to involve additional playing organization staff. Injects were developed to drive play between webcast sessions, and, in some cases, featured mock media stories based in part on player actions as identified from the problem-solving tasks. The weekly 90-minute webcast sessions were discussions among the playing organizations that were moderated by a highly-qualified public health physician, who reviewed key scenario developments and player actions, as well as solicited input from each playing organization. The exercise control structure included trusted agents who oversaw exercise planning, playing organization points of contact to ensure exercise coordination, and exercise controller/evaluators to initiate and oversee exercise play. A password-protected exercise website was designed for FluNami 2007 to serve as a compartmentalized central information source, and for transmitting exercise documents. During the course of FluNami 2007, feedback on its quality was collected from players and controller/evaluators. Player feedback was requested at the conclusion of each webcast, upon completion of each problem-solving task, and on October 17, 2007, after the final webcast session had ended. The overall average score given to FluNami 2008 by the responding players was 3.9 on a five-point scale. In addition, suggestions for improving the process were provided by Argonne controller/evaluators after the exercise concluded. A series of recommendations was developed based on feedback from the players and controller/evaluators. These included improvements to the exercise scope and objectives, the problem-solving tasks, the scenarios, exercise control, the webcast sessions, the exercise website, and the player feedback process.

  13. Monte Carlo study for designing a dedicated “D”-shaped collimator used in the external beam radiotherapy of retinoblastoma patients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mayorga, P. A.; Departamento de Física Atómica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad de Granada, E-18071 Granada ; Brualla, L.; Sauerwein, W.; Lallena, A. M.

    2014-01-15

    Purpose: Retinoblastoma is the most common intraocular malignancy in the early childhood. Patients treated with external beam radiotherapy respond very well to the treatment. However, owing to the genotype of children suffering hereditary retinoblastoma, the risk of secondary radio-induced malignancies is high. The University Hospital of Essen has successfully treated these patients on a daily basis during nearly 30 years using a dedicated “D”-shaped collimator. The use of this collimator that delivers a highly conformed small radiation field, gives very good results in the control of the primary tumor as well as in preserving visual function, while it avoids the devastating side effects of deformation of midface bones. The purpose of the present paper is to propose a modified version of the “D”-shaped collimator that reduces even further the irradiation field with the scope to reduce as well the risk of radio-induced secondary malignancies. Concurrently, the new dedicated “D”-shaped collimator must be easier to build and at the same time produces dose distributions that only differ on the field size with respect to the dose distributions obtained by the current collimator in use. The scope of the former requirement is to facilitate the employment of the authors' irradiation technique both at the authors' and at other hospitals. The fulfillment of the latter allows the authors to continue using the clinical experience gained in more than 30 years. Methods: The Monte Carlo codePENELOPE was used to study the effect that the different structural elements of the dedicated “D”-shaped collimator have on the absorbed dose distribution. To perform this study, the radiation transport through a Varian Clinac 2100 C/D operating at 6 MV was simulated in order to tally phase-space files which were then used as radiation sources to simulate the considered collimators and the subsequent dose distributions. With the knowledge gained in that study, a new, simpler, “D”-shaped collimator is proposed. Results: The proposed collimator delivers a dose distribution which is 2.4 cm wide along the inferior-superior direction of the eyeball. This width is 0.3 cm narrower than that of the dose distribution obtained with the collimator currently in clinical use. The other relevant characteristics of the dose distribution obtained with the new collimator, namely, depth doses at clinically relevant positions, penumbrae width, and shape of the lateral profiles, are statistically compatible with the results obtained for the collimator currently in use. Conclusions: The smaller field size delivered by the proposed collimator still fully covers the planning target volume with at least 95% of the maximum dose at a depth of 2 cm and provides a safety margin of 0.2 cm, so ensuring an adequate treatment while reducing the irradiated volume.

  14. Invited Article: In situ comparison of passive radon-thoron discriminative monitors at subsurface workplaces in Hungary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kávási, Norbert; Social Organization for Radioecological Cleanliness, Veszprém ; Vigh, Tamás; Manganese Mining Process Ltd., Úrkút ; Németh, Csaba; University of Pannonia, Veszprém ; Ishikawa, Tetsuo; Omori, Yasutaka; Janik, Miroslaw; Yonehara, Hidenori

    2014-02-15

    During a one-year long measurement period, radon and thoron data obtained by two different passive radon-thoron discriminative monitors were compared at subsurface workplaces in Hungary, such as mines (bauxite and manganese ore) and caves (medical and touristic). These workplaces have special environmental conditions, such as, stable and high relative humidity (100%), relatively stable temperature (12°C–21°C), low or high wind speed (max. 2.4 m s{sup ?1}) and low or elevated aerosol concentration (130–60 000 particles m{sup ?3}). The measured radon and thoron concentrations fluctuated in a wide range among the different workplaces. The respective annual average radon concentrations and their standard deviations (in brackets) measured by the passive radon-thoron discriminative monitor with cellulose filter (CF) and the passive radon-thoron discriminative monitor with sponge filter (SF) were: 350(321) Bq m{sup ?3} and 550(497) Bq m{sup ?3} in the bauxite mine; 887(604) Bq m{sup ?3} and 1258(788) Bq m{sup ?3} in the manganese ore mine; 2510(2341) Bq m{sup ?3} and 3403(3075) Bq m{sup ?3} in the medical cave (Hospital Cave of Tapolca); and 6239(2057) Bq m{sup ?3} and 8512(1955) Bq m{sup ?3} in the touristic cave (Lake Cave of Tapolca). The respective average thoron concentrations and their standard deviation (in brackets) measured by CF and SF monitors were: 154(210) Bq m{sup ?3} and 161(148) Bq m{sup ?3} in the bauxite mine; 187(191) Bq m{sup ?3} and 117(147) Bq m{sup ?3} in the manganese-ore mine; 360(524) Bq m{sup ?3} and 371(789) Bq m{sup ?3} in the medical cave (Hospital Cave of Tapolca); and 1420(1184) Bq m{sup ?3} and 1462(3655) Bq m{sup ?3} in the touristic cave (Lake Cave of Tapolca). Under these circumstances, comparison of the radon data for the SF and CF monitors showed the former were consistently 51% higher in the bauxite mine, 38% higher in the manganese ore mine, and 34% higher in the caves. Consequently, correction is required on previously obtained radon data acquired by CF monitors at subsurface workplaces to gain comparable data for SF monitors. In the case of thoron, the data were unreliable and no significant tendency was seen during the comparison therefore comparison of previously obtained thoron data acquired by either CF or SF is doubtful. There was probable influence by relative humidity on the detection response; however, the effects of the high wind speed and elevated aerosol concentration could not be excluded. The results of this study call attention to the importance of calibration under extreme environmental conditions and the need for using reliable radon-thoron monitors for subsurface workplaces.

  15. A Model of U.S. Commercial Distributed Generation Adoption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LaCommare, Kristina Hamachi; Ryan Firestone; Zhou, Nan; Maribu,Karl; Marnay, Chris

    2006-01-10

    Small-scale (100 kW-5 MW) on-site distributed generation (DG) economically driven by combined heat and power (CHP) applications and, in some cases, reliability concerns will likely emerge as a common feature of commercial building energy systems over the next two decades. Forecasts of DG adoption published by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) in the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) are made using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS), which has a forecasting module that predicts the penetration of several possible commercial building DG technologies over the period 2005-2025. NEMS is also used for estimating the future benefits of Department of Energy research and development used in support of budget requests and management decisionmaking. The NEMS approach to modeling DG has some limitations, including constraints on the amount of DG allowed for retrofits to existing buildings and a small number of possible sizes for each DG technology. An alternative approach called Commercial Sector Model (ComSeM) is developed to improve the way in which DG adoption is modeled. The approach incorporates load shapes for specific end uses in specific building types in specific regions, e.g., cooling in hospitals in Atlanta or space heating in Chicago offices. The Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) uses these load profiles together with input cost and performance DG technology assumptions to model the potential DG adoption for four selected cities and two sizes of five building types in selected forecast years to 2022. The Distributed Energy Resources Market Diffusion Model (DER-MaDiM) is then used to then tailor the DER-CAM results to adoption projections for the entire U.S. commercial sector for all forecast years from 2007-2025. This process is conducted such that the structure of results are consistent with the structure of NEMS, and can be re-injected into NEMS that can then be used to integrate adoption results into a full forecast.

  16. Intra-Arterial Rhenium-188 Lipiodol in the Treatment of Inoperable Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Results of an IAEA-Sponsored Multination Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernal, Patricia; Raoul, Jean-Luc Vidmar, Gaj; Sereegotov, Erdenechimeg; Sundram, Felix X.; Kumar, Ajay; Jeong, Jae Min; Pusuwan, Pawana; Divgi, Chaitanya; Zanzonico, Pat; Stare, Janez; Buscombe, John; Chau Trinh Thi Minh; Saw, Maung Maung; Chen Shaoliang; Ogbac, Ruben; Padhy, Ajit K.

    2007-12-01

    Purpose: Intra-arterial injections (IAI) of 131I-lipiodol is effective in treating hepatocellular carcinoma patients, but is expensive and requires a 7-day hospitalization in a radioprotection room. 188Re is inexpensive, requires no patient isolation, and can be used with lipiodol. Methods and Materials: This International Atomic Energy Agency-sponsored phase II trial aimed to assess the safety and the efficacy of a radioconjugate 188Re + lipiodol (188Re-Lip) in a large cohort of hepatocellular carcinoma patients from developing countries. A scout dose is used to determine the maximal tolerated dose (lungs <12 Gy, normal liver <30 Gy, bone marrow <1.5 Gy) and then the delivery of the calculated activity. Efficacy was assessed using response evaluation criteria in solid tumor (RECIST) and alpha-feto-protein ({alpha}FP) levels and severe adverse events were graded using the Common Toxicity Criteria of the National Cancer Institute scale v2.0. Results: The trial included 185 patients from eight countries. The procedure was feasible in all participating centers. One treatment was given to 134 patients; 42, 8, and 1 received two, three, and four injections, respectively. The injected activity during the first treatment was 100 mCi. Tolerance was excellent. We observed three complete responses and 19 partial responses (22% of evaluable patients, 95% confidence interval 16-35%); 1- and 2-year survivals were 46% and 23%. Some factors affected survival: country of origin, existence of a cirrhosis, Cancer of the Liver Italian Program score, tumor dose, absence of progression, and posttreatment decrease in {alpha}FP level. Conclusions: IAI of 188Re-Lip in developing countries is feasible, safe, cost-effective, and deserves a phase III trial.

  17. Crystal Structures of Wild-type and Mutant Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Dihydrofolate Reductase Reveal an Alternative Conformation of NADPH that may be Linked to Trimethoprim Resistance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frey, K.; Liu, J; Lombardo, M; Bolstad, D; Wright, D; Anderson, A

    2009-01-01

    Both hospital- and community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus infections have become major health concerns in terms of morbidity, suffering and cost. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMZ) is an alternative treatment for methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infections. However, TMP-resistant strains have arisen with point mutations in dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), the target for TMP. A single point mutation, F98Y, has been shown biochemically to confer the majority of this resistance to TMP. Using a structure-based approach, we have designed a series of novel propargyl-linked DHFR inhibitors that are active against several trimethoprim-resistant enzymes. We screened this series against wild-type and mutant (F98Y) S. aureus DHFR and found that several are active against both enzymes and specifically that the meta-biphenyl class of these inhibitors is the most potent. In order to understand the structural basis of this potency, we determined eight high-resolution crystal structures: four each of the wild-type and mutant DHFR enzymes bound to various propargyl-linked DHFR inhibitors. In addition to explaining the structure-activity relationships, several of the structures reveal a novel conformation for the cofactor, NADPH. In this new conformation that is predominantly associated with the mutant enzyme, the nicotinamide ring is displaced from its conserved location and three water molecules complete a network of hydrogen bonds between the nicotinamide ring and the protein. In this new position, NADPH has reduced interactions with the inhibitor. An equilibrium between the two conformations of NADPH, implied by their occupancies in the eight crystal structures, is influenced both by the ligand and the F98Y mutation. The mutation induced equilibrium between two NADPH-binding conformations may contribute to decrease TMP binding and thus may be responsible for TMP resistance.

  18. PRODUCTION CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE CLASSICAL PET NUCLIDES.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    FINN,R.; SCHLYER,D.

    2001-06-25

    Nuclear Medicine is the specialty of medical imaging, which utilizes a variety of radionuclides incorporated into specific compounds for diagnostic imaging and therapeutic applications. During recent years, research efforts associated with this discipline have concentrated on the decay characteristics of particular radionuclides and the design of unique radiolabeled tracers necessary to achieve time-dependent molecular images. The specialty is expanding with specific Positron emission tomography (PET) and SPECT radiopharmaceuticals allowing for an extension from functional process imaging in tissue to pathologic processes and nuclide directed treatments. PET is an example of a technique that has been shown to yield the physiologic information necessary for clinical oncology diagnoses based upon altered tissue metabolism. Most PET drugs are currently produced using a cyclotron at locations that are in close proximity to the hospital or academic center at which the radiopharmaceutical will be administered. In November 1997, a law was enacted called the Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act of 1997 which directed the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to establish appropriate procedures for the approval of PET drugs in accordance with section 505 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and to establish current good manufacturing practice requirements for such drugs. At this time the FDA is considering adopting special approval procedures and cGMP requirements for PET drugs. The evolution of PET radiopharmaceuticals has introduced a new class of ''drugs'' requiring production facilities and product formulations that must be closely aligned with the scheduled clinical utilization. The production of the radionuclide in the appropriate synthetic form is but one critical component in the manufacture of the finished radiopharmaceutical.

  19. Prognostic Factors and Outcome in Askin-Rosai Tumor: A Review of 104 Patients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laskar, Siddhartha; Nair, Chandrika; Mallik, Suman; Bahl, Gaurav; Pai, Suresh; Shet, Tanuja; Gupta, Tejpal; Arora, Brijesh; Bakshi, Ashish; Pramesh, C.S.; Mistry, Rajesh; Qureshi, Sajid; Medhi, Seema; Jambhekar, Nirmala; Kurkure, Purna; Banavali, Shripad; Muckaden, Mary Ann

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the prognostic factors and treatment outcome of patients with Askin-Rosai tumor of the chest wall treated at a single institution. Methods and Materials: Treatment comprised multiagent chemotherapy and local therapy, which was either in the form of surgery alone, radical external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) alone, or a combination of surgery and EBRT. Thirty-two patients (40%) were treated with all three modalities, 21 (27%) received chemotherapy and radical EBRT, and 19 (24%) underwent chemotherapy followed by surgery only. Results: One hundred four consecutive patients aged 3-60 years were treated at the Tata Memorial Hospital from January 1995 to October 2003. Most (70%) were male (male/female ratio, 2.3:1). Asymptomatic swelling (43%) was the most common presenting symptom, and 25% of patients presented with distant metastasis. After a median follow-up of 28 months, local control, disease-free survival, and overall survival rates were 67%, 36%, and 45%, respectively. Median time to relapse was 25 months, and the median survival was 76 months. Multivariate analysis revealed age {>=}18 years, poor response to induction chemotherapy, and presence of pleural effusion as indicators of inferior survival. Fifty-six percent of patients with metastatic disease at presentation died within 1 month of diagnosis, with 6-month and 5-year actuarial survival of 14% and 4%, respectively. Conclusion: Primary tumor size, pleural effusion, response to chemotherapy, and optimal radiotherapy were important prognostic factors influencing outcome. The combination of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, surgery, and radiotherapy resulted in optimal outcome.

  20. Nomogram for Predicting the Risk of Locoregional Recurrence in Patients Treated With Accelerated Partial-Breast Irradiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wobb, Jessica L.; Chen, Peter Y.; Shah, Chirag; Moran, Meena S.; Shaitelman, Simona F.; Vicini, Frank A.; Beitsch, Peter

    2015-02-01

    Purpose: To develop a nomogram taking into account clinicopathologic features to predict locoregional recurrence (LRR) in patients treated with accelerated partial-breast irradiation (APBI) for early-stage breast cancer. Methods and Materials: A total of 2000 breasts (1990 women) were treated with APBI at William Beaumont Hospital (n=551) or on the American Society of Breast Surgeons MammoSite Registry Trial (n=1449). Techniques included multiplanar interstitial catheters (n=98), balloon-based brachytherapy (n=1689), and 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (n=213). Clinicopathologic variables were gathered prospectively. A nomogram was formulated utilizing the Cox proportional hazards regression model to predict for LRR. This was validated by generating a bias-corrected index and cross-validated with a concordance index. Results: Median follow-up was 5.5 years (range, 0.9-18.3 years). Of the 2000 cases, 435 were excluded because of missing data. Univariate analysis found that age <50 years, pre-/perimenopausal status, close/positive margins, estrogen receptor negativity, and high grade were associated with a higher frequency of LRR. These 5 independent covariates were used to create adjusted estimates, weighting each on a scale of 0-100. The total score is identified on a points scale to obtain the probability of an LRR over the study period. The model demonstrated good concordance for predicting LRR, with a concordance index of 0.641. Conclusions: The formulation of a practical, easy-to-use nomogram for calculating the risk of LRR in patients undergoing APBI will help guide the appropriate selection of patients for off-protocol utilization of APBI.

  1. Management of Pediatric Myxopapillary Ependymoma: The Role of Adjuvant Radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agbahiwe, Harold C.; Wharam, Moody; Batra, Sachin; Cohen, Kenneth; Terezakis, Stephanie A.

    2013-02-01

    Introduction: Myxopapillary ependymoma (MPE) is a rare tumor in children. The primary treatment is gross total resection (GTR), with no clearly defined role for adjuvant radiation therapy (RT). Published reports, however, suggest that children with MPE present with a more aggressive disease course. The goal of this study was to assess the role of adjuvant RT in pediatric patients with MPE. Methods: Sixteen patients with MPE seen at Johns Hopkins Hospital (JHH) between November 1984 and December 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. Fifteen of the patients were evaluable with a mean age of 16.8 years (range, 12-21 years). Kaplan-Meier curves and descriptive statistics were used for analysis. Results: All patients received surgery as the initial treatment modality. Surgery consisted of either a GTR or a subtotal resection (STR). The median dose of adjuvant RT was 50.4 Gy (range, 45-54 Gy). All patients receiving RT were treated at the involved site. After a median follow-up of 7.2 years (range, 0.75-26.4 years), all patients were alive with stable disease. Local control at 5 and 10 years was 62.5% and 30%, respectively, for surgery alone versus 100% at both time points for surgery and adjuvant RT. Fifty percent of the patients receiving surgery alone had local failure. All patients receiving STR alone had local failure compared to 33% of patients receiving GTR alone. One patient in the surgery and adjuvant RT group developed a distant site of recurrence 1 year from diagnosis. No late toxicity was reported at last follow-up, and neurologic symptoms either improved or remained stable following surgery with or without RT. Conclusions: Adjuvant RT improved local control compared to surgery alone and should be considered after surgical resection in pediatric patients with MPE.

  2. Structures of Pseudomonas aeruginosa ?-ketoacyl-(acyl-carrier-protein) synthase II (FabF) and a C164Q mutant provide templates for antibacterial drug discovery and identify a buried potassium ion and a ligand-binding site that is an artefact of the crystal form

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baum, Bernhard; Lecker, Laura S. M.; Zoltner, Martin; Jaenicke, Elmar; Schnell, Robert; Hunter, William N.; Brenk, Ruth

    2015-07-28

    Three crystal structures of recombinant P. aeruginosa FabF are reported: the apoenzyme, an active-site mutant and a complex with a fragment of a natural product inhibitor. The characterization provides reagents and new information to support antibacterial drug discovery. Bacterial infections remain a serious health concern, in particular causing life-threatening infections of hospitalized and immunocompromised patients. The situation is exacerbated by the rise in antibacterial drug resistance, and new treatments are urgently sought. In this endeavour, accurate structures of molecular targets can support early-stage drug discovery. Here, crystal structures, in three distinct forms, of recombinant Pseudomonas aeruginosa ?-ketoacyl-(acyl-carrier-protein) synthase II (FabF) are presented. This enzyme, which is involved in fatty-acid biosynthesis, has been validated by genetic and chemical means as an antibiotic target in Gram-positive bacteria and represents a potential target in Gram-negative bacteria. The structures of apo FabF, of a C164Q mutant in which the binding site is altered to resemble the substrate-bound state and of a complex with 3-(benzoylamino)-2-hydroxybenzoic acid are reported. This compound mimics aspects of a known natural product inhibitor, platensimycin, and surprisingly was observed binding outside the active site, interacting with a symmetry-related molecule. An unusual feature is a completely buried potassium-binding site that was identified in all three structures. Comparisons suggest that this may represent a conserved structural feature of FabF relevant to fold stability. The new structures provide templates for structure-based ligand design and, together with the protocols and reagents, may underpin a target-based drug-discovery project for urgently needed antibacterials.

  3. SU-E-I-57: Evaluation and Optimization of Effective-Dose Using Different Beam-Hardening Filters in Clinical Pediatric Shunt CT Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gill, K; Aldoohan, S; Collier, J

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Study image optimization and radiation dose reduction in pediatric shunt CT scanning protocol through the use of different beam-hardening filters Methods: A 64-slice CT scanner at OU Childrens Hospital has been used to evaluate CT image contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) and measure effective-doses based on the concept of CT dose index (CTDIvol) using the pediatric head shunt scanning protocol. The routine axial pediatric head shunt scanning protocol that has been optimized for the intrinsic x-ray tube filter has been used to evaluate CNR by acquiring images using the ACR approved CT-phantom and radiation dose CTphantom, which was used to measure CTDIvol. These results were set as reference points to study and evaluate the effects of adding different filtering materials (i.e. Tungsten, Tantalum, Titanium, Nickel and Copper filters) to the existing filter on image quality and radiation dose. To ensure optimal image quality, the scanner routine air calibration was run for each added filter. The image CNR was evaluated for different kVps and wide range of mAs values using above mentioned beam-hardening filters. These scanning protocols were run under axial as well as under helical techniques. The CTDIvol and the effective-dose were measured and calculated for all scanning protocols and added filtration, including the intrinsic x-ray tube filter. Results: Beam-hardening filter shapes energy spectrum, which reduces the dose by 27%. No noticeable changes in image low contrast detectability Conclusion: Effective-dose is very much dependent on the CTDIVol, which is further very much dependent on beam-hardening filters. Substantial reduction in effective-dose is realized using beam-hardening filters as compare to the intrinsic filter. This phantom study showed that significant radiation dose reduction could be achieved in CT pediatric shunt scanning protocols without compromising in diagnostic value of image quality.

  4. Design and operational considerations of United States commercial near-surface low-level radioactive waste disposal facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Birk, S.M.

    1997-10-01

    In accordance with the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985, states are responsible for providing for disposal of commercially generated low-level radioactive waste (LLW) within their borders. LLW in the US is defined as all radioactive waste that is not classified as spent nuclear fuel, high-level radioactive waste, transuranic waste, or by-product material resulting from the extraction of uranium from ore. Commercial waste includes LLW generated by hospitals, universities, industry, pharmaceutical companies, and power utilities. LLW generated by the country`s defense operations is the responsibility of the Federal government and its agency, the Department of Energy. The commercial LLRW disposal sites discussed in this report are located near: Sheffield, Illinois (closed); Maxey Flats, Kentucky (closed); Beatty, Nevada (closed); West Valley, New York (closed); Barnwell, South Carolina (operating); Richland, Washington (operating); Ward Valley, California, (proposed); Sierra Blanca, Texas (proposed); Wake County, North Carolina (proposed); and Boyd County, Nebraska (proposed). While some comparisons between the sites described in this report are appropriate, this must be done with caution. In addition to differences in climate and geology between sites, LLW facilities in the past were not designed and operated to today`s standards. This report summarizes each site`s design and operational considerations for near-surface disposal of low-level radioactive waste. The report includes: a description of waste characteristics; design and operational features; post closure measures and plans; cost and duration of site characterization, construction, and operation; recent related R and D activities for LLW treatment and disposal; and the status of the LLW system in the US.

  5. Waste Issues Associated with the Safe Movement of Hazardous Chemicals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dare, J. H.; Cournoyer, M. E.

    2002-02-26

    Moving hazardous chemicals presents the risk of exposure for workers engaged in the activity and others that might be in the immediate area. Adverse affects are specific to the chemicals and can range from minor skin, eye, or mucous membrane irritation, to burns, respiratory distress, nervous system dysfunction, or even death. A case study is presented where in the interest of waste minimization; original shipping packaging was removed from a glass bottle of nitric acid, while moving corrosive liquid through a security protocol into a Radiological Control Area (RCA). During the transfer, the glass bottle broke. The resulting release of nitric acid possibly exposed 12 employees with one employee being admitted overnight at a hospital for observation. This is a clear example of administrative controls to reduce the generation of suspect radioactive waste being implemented at the expense of employee health. As a result of this event, material handling procedures that assure the safe movement of hazardous chemicals through a security protocol into a radiological control area were developed. Specifically, hazardous material must be transferred using original shipping containers and packaging. While this represents the potential to increase the generation of suspect radioactive waste in a radiological controlled area, arguments are presented that justify this change. Security protocols for accidental releases are also discussed. In summary, the 12th rule of ''Green Chemistry'' (Inherently Safer Chemistry for Accident Prevention) should be followed: the form of a substance used in a chemical process (Movement of Hazardous Chemicals) should be chosen to minimize the potential for chemical accidents, including releases.

  6. Testing, licensing, and code requirements for seismic isolation systems (for nuclear power plants)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seidensticker, R.W.

    1987-01-01

    The use of seismic isolation as an earthquake hazard mitigation strategy for nuclear reactor power plants is rapidly receiving interest throughout the world. Seismic isolation has already been used on at least two French PWR plants, was to have been used for plants to be built in Iran, and is under serious consideration for advanced LMR plants (in the US, UK, France, and Japan). In addition, there is a growing use of seismic isolation throughout the world for other critical facilities such as hospitals, emergency facilities, buildings with very high-cost equipment (e.g., computers) and as a strategy to reduce loss of life and expensive equipment in earthquakes. Such a design approach is in complete contrast to the conventional seismic design strategy in which the structure and components are provided with sufficient strength and ductility to resist the earthquake forces and to prevent structural collapses or failure. The use of seismic isolation for nuclear plants can, therefore, be expected to be a significant licensing issue. For isolation, the licensing process must shift away in large measure from the superstructure and concentrate on the behavior of the seismic isolation system. This paper is not intended to promote the advantages of seismic isolation system, but to explore in some detail those technical issues which must be satisfactorily addressed to achieve full licensability of the use of seismic isolation as a viable, attractive and economical alternative to current traditional design approaches. Special problems and topics associated with testing and codes and standards development are addressed. A positive program for approach or strategy to secure licensing is presented.

  7. Comparison of the Epson Expression 1680 flatbed and the Vidar VXR-16 Dosimetry PRO trade mark sign film scanners for use in IMRT dosimetry using Gafchromic and radiographic film

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilcox, Ellen; Daskalov, George; Nedialkova, Lucy

    2007-01-15

    Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) treatment plan verification is often done using Kodak EDR2 film and a Vidar Dosimetry PRO trade mark sign film digitizer. However, since many hospitals are moving towards a filmless environment, access to a film processor may not be available. Therefore, we have investigated a newly available Gafchromic[reg] EBT film for IMRT dosimetry. Planar IMRT dose distributions are delivered to both EBT and EDR2 film and scanned with the Vidar VXR-16 as well as an Epson Expression 1680 flatbed scanner. The measured dose distributions are then compared to those calculated with a Pinnacle treatment planning system. The IMRT treatments consisted of 7-9 6 MV beams for treatment of prostate, head and neck, and a few other sites. The films were analyzed using FilmQA trade mark sign (3cognition LLC) software. Comparisons between measured and calculated dose distributions are reported as dose difference (DD) (pixels within {+-}5%), distance to agreement (DTA) (3 mm), as well as gamma values ({gamma}) (dose={+-}3%, dist.=2 mm). Using EDR2 with the Vidar scanner is an established technique and agreement between calculated and measured dose distributions was better than 90% in all indices (DD, DTA, and {gamma}). However, agreement with calculations deteriorated reaching the lower 80% for EBT film scans with the Vidar scanner in logarithmic mode. The EBT Vidar scans obtained in linear mode showed an improved agreement to the upper 80% range, but artifacts were still observed across the scan. These artifacts were very distinct in all EBT scans and can be attributed to the way the film is transported through the scanner. In the Epson scanner both films are rigidly immobilized and the light source scans over the film. It was found that the Epson scanner performed equally well with both types of film giving agreement to better than 90% in all indices.

  8. SU-E-T-572: Beam Characteristics and Treatment Planning Commissioning for a New Proton Therapy Unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhao, T; Sun, B; Grantham, K; Santanam, L; Goddu, S; Klein, E

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: A single-room proton system, the Mevion S250, was introduced into the arena of proton radiotherapy by Mevion Medical Systems. The first unit was installed and operates at the S. Lee Kling Proton Therapy Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital. The objective of this abstract is to report the system's beam characteristics and Eclipse commissioning. Methods: Commissioning data were acquired for modelling longitudinal fluence, virtual source position, effective source position, source size and Bragg peaks in Eclipse. Stoichiometric CT calibration was generated via ICRU44 human. Spread-out Bragg peaks (SOBP) were measured with Parallel Plate Chamber and profiles with solid state detector for model validation. Heterogeneity effects were measured with bone and lung inserts in the beam line. RT dose was computed in a virtual water phantom, and exported from Eclipse to compare with measurements at various depths and axis. SOBPs were fine-tuned with partial shining correction and entry correction to match measurements. Output factor was measured for each individual field with an ADCL ion chamber in a water tank and fitted to a polynomial function to cross-check the monitor unit verification. Results: Ranges of all 24 options were measured within ±1mm tolerance. Modulations met a ±1mm or ±2% tolerance. SOBP flatness met a ±3% tolerance. Distal fall off (80%-20%) were measured between 6mm and 7mm for all options. Virtual source positions varied between 177cm and 195cm, decreasing with field size and range. SOBP generated by Eclipse agreed with measurements within ±3% in the entry region, and ±1%/±1mm in other regions. Sanity check for output achieved 5% accuracy in 98% of cases. Conclusion: The commissioning of the first Mevions S250 proton therapy system met specifications. The unit has been put in clinical operation since 12/17/2013.

  9. Biomedical technology prosperity game{trademark}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berman, M.; Boyack, K.W.; Wesenberg, D.L.

    1996-07-01

    Prosperity Games{trademark} are an outgrowth and adaptation of move/countermove and seminar War Games. Prosperity Games{trademark} are simulations that explore complex issues in a variety of areas including economics, politics, sociology, environment, education and research. These issues can be examined from a variety of perspectives ranging from a global, macroeconomic and geopolitical viewpoint down to the details of customer/supplier/market interactions in specific industries. All Prosperity Games{trademark} are unique in that both the game format and the player contributions vary from game to game. This report documents the Biomedical Technology Prosperity Game{trademark} conducted under the sponsorship of Sandia National Laboratories, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, and the Koop Foundation, Inc. Players were drawn from all stakeholders involved in biomedical technologies including patients, hospitals, doctors, insurance companies, legislators, suppliers/manufacturers, regulators, funding organizations, universities/laboratories, and the legal profession. The primary objectives of this game were to: (1) Identify advanced/critical technology issues that affect the cost and quality of health care. (2) Explore the development, patenting, manufacturing and licensing of needed technologies that would decrease costs while maintaining or improving quality. (3) Identify policy and regulatory changes that would reduce costs and improve quality and timeliness of health care delivery. (4) Identify and apply existing resources and facilities to develop and implement improved technologies and policies. (5) Begin to develop Biomedical Technology Roadmaps for industry and government cooperation. The deliberations and recommendations of these players provided valuable insights as to the views of this diverse group of decision makers concerning biomedical issues. Significant progress was made in the roadmapping of key areas in the biomedical technology field.

  10. Urban Wood-Based Bio-Energy Systems in Seattle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stan Gent, Seattle Steam Company

    2010-10-25

    Seattle Steam Company provides thermal energy service (steam) to the majority of buildings and facilities in downtown Seattle, including major hospitals (Swedish and Virginia Mason) and The Northwest (Level I) Regional Trauma Center. Seattle Steam has been heating downtown businesses for 117 years, with an average length of service to its customers of 40 years. In 2008 and 2009 Seattle Steam developed a biomass-fueled renewable energy (bio-energy) system to replace one of its gas-fired boilers that will reduce greenhouse gases, pollutants and the amount of waste sent to landfills. This work in this sub-project included several distinct tasks associated with the biomass project development as follows: a. Engineering and Architecture: Engineering focused on development of system control strategies, development of manuals for start up and commissioning. b. Training: The project developer will train its current operating staff to operate equipment and facilities. c. Flue Gas Clean-Up Equipment Concept Design: The concept development of acid gas emissions control system strategies associated with the supply wood to the project. d. Fuel Supply Management Plan: Development of plans and specifications for the supply of wood. It will include potential fuel sampling analysis and development of contracts for delivery and management of fuel suppliers and handlers. e. Integrated Fuel Management System Development: Seattle Steam requires a biomass Fuel Management System to track and manage the delivery, testing, processing and invoicing of delivered fuel. This application will be web-based and accessed from a password-protected URL, restricting data access and privileges by user-level.

  11. Optimized design for PIGMI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hansborough, L.; Hamm, R.; Stovall, J.; Swenson, D.

    1980-01-01

    PIGMI (Pion Generator for Medical Irradiations) is a compact linear proton accelerator design, optimized for pion production and cancer treatment use in a hospital environment. Technology developed during a four-year PIGMI Prototype experimental program allows the design of smaller, less expensive, and more reliable proton linacs. A new type of low-energy accelerating structure, the radio-frequency quadrupole (RFQ) has been tested; it produces an exceptionally good-quality beam and allows the use of a simple 30-kV injector. Average axial electric-field gradients of over 9 MV/m have been demonstrated in a drift-tube linac (DTL) structure. Experimental work is underway to test the disk-and-washer (DAW) structure, another new type of accelerating structure for use in the high-energy coupled-cavity linac (CCL). Sufficient experimental and developmental progress has been made to closely define an actual PIGMI. It will consist of a 30-kV injector, and RFQ linac to a proton energy of 2.5 MeV, a DTL linac to 125 MeV, and a CCL linac to the final energy of 650 MeV. The total length of the accelerator is 133 meters. The RFQ and DTL will be driven by a single 440-MHz klystron; the CCL will be driven by six 1320-MHz klystrons. The peak beam current is 28 mA. The beam pulse length is 60 ..mu..s at a 60-Hz repetition rate, resulting in a 100-..mu..A average beam current. The total cost of the accelerator is estimated to be approx. $10 million.

  12. SU-E-T-419: Workflow and FMEA in a New Proton Therapy (PT) Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheng, C; Wessels, B; Hamilton, H; Difranco, T; Mansur, D

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Workflow is an important component in the operational planning of a new proton facility. By integrating the concept of failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) and traditional QA requirements, a workflow for a proton therapy treatment course is set up. This workflow serves as the blue print for the planning of computer hardware/software requirements and network flow. A slight modification of the workflow generates a process map(PM) for FMEA and the planning of QA program in PT. Methods: A flowchart is first developed outlining the sequence of processes involved in a PT treatment course. Each process consists of a number of sub-processes to encompass a broad scope of treatment and QA procedures. For each subprocess, the personnel involved, the equipment needed and the computer hardware/software as well as network requirements are defined by a team of clinical staff, administrators and IT personnel. Results: Eleven intermediate processes with a total of 70 sub-processes involved in a PT treatment course are identified. The number of sub-processes varies, ranging from 2-12. The sub-processes within each process are used for the operational planning. For example, in the CT-Sim process, there are 12 sub-processes: three involve data entry/retrieval from a record-and-verify system, two controlled by the CT computer, two require department/hospital network, and the other five are setup procedures. IT then decides the number of computers needed and the software and network requirement. By removing the traditional QA procedures from the workflow, a PM is generated for FMEA analysis to design a QA program for PT. Conclusion: Significant efforts are involved in the development of the workflow in a PT treatment course. Our hybrid model of combining FMEA and traditional QA program serves a duo purpose of efficient operational planning and designing of a QA program in PT.

  13. Phase I Trial Using Proteasome Inhibitor Bortezomib and Concurrent Temozolomide and Radiotherapy for Central Nervous System Malignancies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kubicek, Gregory J.; Werner-Wasik, Maria; Machtay, Mitchell; Mallon, Gayle; Myers, Thomas; Ramirez, Michael; Andrews, David; Curran, Walter J.; Dicker, Adam P.

    2009-06-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the toxicity and response rate of bortezomib with concurrent radiotherapy and temozolomide in the treatment of patients with central nervous system malignancies. Patients and Methods: This open-label, dose-escalation, Phase I clinical study evaluated the safety of three dose levels of intravenously administered bortezomib (0.7, 1.0, and 1.3 mg/m{sup 2}/dose) on Days 1, 4, 8, and 11 of a 21-day cycle, in addition to concurrent radiotherapy and temozolomide at a daily dose of 75 mg/m{sup 2} starting on Day 1. The primary endpoint was dose-limiting toxicity, defined as any Grade 4-5 toxicity or Grade 3 toxicity directly attributable to protocol treatment, requiring hospitalization and/or radiotherapy interruption. The secondary endpoints included feasibility, non-dose-limiting toxicity, and treatment response. Results: A total of 27 patients were enrolled, 23 of whom had high-grade glioma (10 recurrent and 13 newly diagnosed). No dose-limiting toxicities were noted in any dose group, including the highest (1.3 mg/m{sup 2}/dose). The most frequent toxicities were Grade 1 and 2 stomatitis, erythema, and alopecia. All 27 patients were evaluable for response. At a median follow-up of 15.0 months, 9 patients were still alive, with a median survival of 17.4 months for all patients and 15.0 months for patients with high-grade glioma. Conclusion: Bortezomib administered at its typical 'systemic' dose (1.3 mg/m{sup 2}) is well tolerated and safe combined with temozolomide and radiotherapy when used in the treatment of central nervous system malignancies. A Phase II study to characterize efficacy is warranted.

  14. A reevaluation of cancer incidence near the Three Mile Island nuclear plant: The collision of evidence and assumptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wing, S.; Richardson, D.; Armstrong, D.; Crawford-Brown, D.

    1997-01-01

    Previous studies concluded that there was no evidence that the 1979 nuclear accident at Three Mile Island (TMI) affected cancer incidence in the surrounding area; however, there were logical and methodological problems in earlier reports that led us to reconsider data previously collected. A 10-mile area around TMI was divided into 69 study tracts, which were assigned radiation dose estimates based on radiation readings and models of atmospheric dispersion. Incident cancers from 1975 to 1985 were ascertained from hospital records and assigned to study tracts. Associations between accident doses and incidence rates of leukemia, lung cancer, and all cancer were assessed using relative dose estimates calculated by the earlier investigators. Adjustments were made for age, sex, socioeconomic characteristics, and preaccident variation in incidence. Considering a 2-year latency, the estimated percent increase per dose unit {plus_minus} standard error was 0.020 {plus_minus} 0.012 for all cancer, 0.082 {plus_minus} 0.032 for lung cancer, and 0.116 {plus_minus} 0.067 for leukemia. Adjustment for socioeconomic variables increased the estimates to 0.034 {plus_minus} 0.013, 0.103 {plus_minus} 0.035, and 0.139 {plus_minus} 0.073 for all cancer, lung cancer, and leukemia, respectively. Associations were generally larger considering a 5-year latency, but were based on smaller numbers of cases. Results support the hypothesis that radiation doses are related to increased cancer incidence around TMI. The analysis avoids medical detection bias, but suffers from inaccurate dose classification; therefore, results may underestimate the magnitude of the association between radiation and cancer incidence. These associations would not be expected, based on previous estimates of near-background levels of radiation exposure following the accident. 35 refs., 3 tabs.

  15. Biopulping: A new energy-saving technology for papermaking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, G.M.; Akhtar, M.; Lentz, M.J.; Kirk, T.K.; Swaney, R.; Shipley, D.F.

    1997-07-01

    Biopulping is defined as the treatment of wood chips with lignin-degrading fungi prior to pulping. Fungal pretreatment prior to mechanical pulping reduces electrical energy requirements during refining or increases mill throughput, improves paper strength, reduces the pitch content, reduces cooking time for sulfite pulping, and reduces the environmental impact of pulping. The recent work involved scaling up the biopulping process towards the industrial level, investigating both the engineering and economic feasibility of the technology. The authors envision the process to be done in either a chip-pile or silo-based system for which several factors need to be considered. These factors include the degree of decontamination, a hospitable environment for the fungus, and the overall process economics. Currently, treatment of the chips with low pressure steam is sufficient for decontamination. Furthermore, a simple, forced ventilation system can be used to maintain the proper temperature, humidity, and moisture content throughout the chip bed, thus promoting uniform growth of the fungus. The pilot-scale trial resulted in the successful treatment of 4 tons, of wood chips (dry weight basis) with results comparable to those on a laboratory scale. For mechanical pulping, a 2-week treatment results in approximately 30% energy savings that, considering the additional equipment and operating costs, results in an overall savings of $9 to $20/ton of pulp in a chip-pile system. The other benefits that biopulping confers improve the economics considerably A larger, 40-ton trial was also successful, with energy savings and paper properties comparable with the laboratory scale.

  16. The Adoption of New Adjuvant Radiation Therapy Modalities Among Medicare Beneficiaries With Breast Cancer: Clinical Correlates and Cost Implications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roberts, Kenneth B.; Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut ; Soulos, Pamela R.; Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut ; Herrin, Jeph; Health Research and Educational Trust, Chicago, Illinois ; Yu, James B.; Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut ; Long, Jessica B.; Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut ; Dostaler, Edward; and others

    2013-04-01

    Purpose: New radiation therapy modalities have broadened treatment options for older women with breast cancer, but it is unclear how clinical factors, geographic region, and physician preference affect the choice of radiation therapy modality. Methods and Materials: We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare database to identify women diagnosed with stage I-III breast cancer from 1998 to 2007 who underwent breast-conserving surgery. We assessed the temporal trends in, and costs of, the adoption of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and brachytherapy. Using hierarchical logistic regression, we evaluated the relationship between the use of these new modalities and patient and regional characteristics. Results: Of 35,060 patients, 69.9% received conventional external beam radiation therapy (EBRT). Although overall radiation therapy use remained constant, the use of IMRT increased from 0.0% to 12.6% from 1998 to 2007, and brachytherapy increased from 0.7% to 9.0%. The statistical variation in brachytherapy use attributable to the radiation oncologist and geographic region was 41.4% and 9.5%, respectively (for IMRT: 23.8% and 22.1%, respectively). Women undergoing treatment at a free-standing radiation facility were significantly more likely to receive IMRT than were women treated at a hospital-based facility (odds ratio for IMRT vs EBRT: 3.89 [95% confidence interval, 2.78-5.45]). No such association was seen for brachytherapy. The median radiation therapy cost per treated patient increased from $5389 in 2001 to $8539 in 2007. Conclusions: IMRT and brachytherapy use increased substantially from 1998 to 2007; overall, radiation therapy costs increased by more than 50%. Radiation oncologists played an important role in treatment choice for both types of radiation therapy, whereas geographic region played a bigger role in the use of IMRT than brachytherapy.

  17. Radiation Field Design and Patterns of Locoregional Recurrence Following Definitive Radiotherapy for Breast Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Susie A.; Schuster, David M.; Mister, Donna; Liu Tian; Godette, Karen; Torres, Mylin A.

    2013-02-01

    Purpose: Locoregional control is associated with breast cancer-specific and overall survival in select women with breast cancer. Although several patient, tumor, and treatment characteristics have been shown to contribute to locoregional recurrence (LRR), studies evaluating factors related to radiotherapy (XRT) technique have been limited. We investigated the relationship between LRR location and XRT fields and dose delivered to the primary breast cancer in women experiencing subsequent locoregional relapse. Methods and Materials: We identified 21 women who were previously treated definitively with surgery and XRT for breast cancer. All patients developed biopsy-result proven LRR and presented to Emory University Hospital between 2004 and 2010 for treatment. Computed tomography (CT) simulation scans with XRT dose files for the initial breast cancer were fused with {sup 18}F-labeled fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET)/CT images in DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine) format identifying the LRR. Each LRR was categorized as in-field, defined as {>=}95% of the LRR volume receiving {>=}95% of the prescribed whole-breast dose; marginal, defined as LRR at the field edge and/or not receiving {>=}95% of the prescribed dose to {>=}95% of the volume; or out-of-field, that is, LRR intentionally not treated with the original XRT plan. Results: Of the 24 identified LRRs (3 patients experienced two LRRs), 3 were in-field, 9 were marginal, and 12 were out-of-field. Two of the 3 in-field LRRs were marginal misses of the additional boost XRT dose. Out-of-field LRRs consisted of six supraclavicular and six internal mammary nodal recurrences. Conclusions: Most LRRs in our study occurred in areas not fully covered by the prescribed XRT dose or were purposely excluded from the original XRT fields. Our data suggest that XRT technique, field design, and dose play a critical role in preventing LRR in women with breast cancer.

  18. SU-E-T-544: A Radiation Oncology-Specific Multi-Institutional Federated Database: Initial Implementation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendrickson, K; Phillips, M; Fishburn, M; Evans, K; Banerian, S; Mayr, N; Wong, J; McNutt, T; Moore, J; Robertson, S

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To implement a common database structure and user-friendly web-browser based data collection tools across several medical institutions to better support evidence-based clinical decision making and comparative effectiveness research through shared outcomes data. Methods: A consortium of four academic medical centers agreed to implement a federated database, known as Oncospace. Initial implementation has addressed issues of differences between institutions in workflow and types and breadth of structured information captured. This requires coordination of data collection from departmental oncology information systems (OIS), treatment planning systems, and hospital electronic medical records in order to include as much as possible the multi-disciplinary clinical data associated with a patients care. Results: The original database schema was well-designed and required only minor changes to meet institution-specific data requirements. Mobile browser interfaces for data entry and review for both the OIS and the Oncospace database were tailored for the workflow of individual institutions. Federation of database queries--the ultimate goal of the project--was tested using artificial patient data. The tests serve as proof-of-principle that the system as a whole--from data collection and entry to providing responses to research queries of the federated database--was viable. The resolution of inter-institutional use of patient data for research is still not completed. Conclusions: The migration from unstructured data mainly in the form of notes and documents to searchable, structured data is difficult. Making the transition requires cooperation of many groups within the department and can be greatly facilitated by using the structured data to improve clinical processes and workflow. The original database schema design is critical to providing enough flexibility for multi-institutional use to improve each institution s ability to study outcomes, determine best practices, and support research. The project has demonstrated the feasibility of deploying a federated database environment for research purposes to multiple institutions.

  19. Management of chemical warfare injuries (on CD-ROM). Data file

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-08-01

    The threat of use of chemical warfare agents (agents of `mass destruction`) is no longer confined to the battlefield. Agent releases by terrorists in Japan in 1995 served to awaken the world to the dangers faced by civilian communities far removed from centers of armed conflict. The ability to save lives in the event of a chemical agent release turns on provision of immediate and correct medical care in the field and hospital. Being able to ensure availability of life-saving care depends on reaching both military and civilian medical personnel with information on chemical warfare agents and on keeping their skills and knowledge current. While this is of critical importance both to the Department of Defense and to civilian agencies charged with protecting the public, it also is a daunting and potentially expensive task in view of the numbers and geographic dispersion of persons to be trained. The Department of Defense has addressed and overcome these challenges, to the benefit of the military and civilians, by using computer technology as the vehicle by which cost-effective chemical warfare agent training may be conveniently delivered to all who require it. The multi-media instructional program, Management of Chemical Warfare Injuries, was developed for military use by the Naval Health Sciences Education and Training Command, with the technical assistance of the U.S. Army Medical Command. It was originally designed for delivery via video disc, a format used extensively within the Navy. However, in response to a request from the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the Office of the Secretary of Defense agreed to repackage the materials for delivery on CD-ROM in order to make them accessible to a larger audience. In addition, the Navy agreed to include on the two CD-ROMs which contain the program a ready reference not found on the video disc: the Army`s `Medical Management of Chemical Casualties` handbooks for field and medical personnel.

  20. Addressing the Federal-State-Local Interface Issues During a Catastrophic Event Such as an Anthrax Attack

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stein, Steven L.; Lesperance, Ann M.; Upton, Jaki F.

    2010-02-01

    On October 9, 2008, federal, state and local policy makers, emergency managers, and medical and public health officials convened in Seattle, Washington, for a workshop on Addressing the Federal-State-Local Interface Issues During a Catastrophic Event Such as an Anthrax Attack. The day-long symposium was aimed at generating a dialogue about recovery and restoration through a discussion of the associated challenges that impact entire communities, including people, infrastructure, and critical systems. The Principal Federal Official (PFO) provided an overview of the role of the PFO in a catastrophic event. A high-level summary of an anthrax scenario was presented. The remainder of the day was focused on interactive discussions among federal, state and local emergency management experts in the areas of: • Decision-making, prioritization, and command and control • Public health/medical services • Community resiliency and continuity of government. Key topics and issues that resulted from discussions included: • Local representation in the Joint Field Office (JFO) • JFO transition to the Long-Term Recovery Office • Process for prioritization of needs • Process for regional coordination • Prioritization - process and federal/military intervention • Allocation of limited resources • Re-entry decision and consistency • Importance of maintaining a healthy hospital system • Need for a process to establish a consensus on when it is safe to re-enter. This needs to be across all jurisdictions including the military. • Insurance coverage for both private businesses and individuals • Interaction between the government and industry. The symposium was sponsored by the Interagency Biological Restoration Demonstration, a collaborative regional program jointly funded by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and the U.S. Department of Defense. To aid the program’s efforts and inform the development of blueprint for recovery from a biological incident, this report presents the key issues identified at the symposium.

  1. Urinary total arsenic and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine are associated with renal cell carcinoma in an area without obvious arsenic exposure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Chao-Yuan [Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Department of Urology, National Taiwan University Hospital, College of Medicine National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Su, Chien-Tien [Department of Family Medicine, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Family Medicine, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Chung, Chi-Jung [Department of Health Risk Management, College of Public Health, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan (China) [Department of Health Risk Management, College of Public Health, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan (China); Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan (China); Pu, Yeong-Shiau [Department of Urology, National Taiwan University Hospital, College of Medicine National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Urology, National Taiwan University Hospital, College of Medicine National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Chu, Jan-Show [Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Yang, Hsiu-Yuan [School of Public Health, College of Public Health and Nutrition, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China)] [School of Public Health, College of Public Health and Nutrition, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Wu, Chia-Chang [School of Public Health, College of Public Health and Nutrition, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [School of Public Health, College of Public Health and Nutrition, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Department of Urology, Taipei Medical Universtiy-Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Hsueh, Yu-Mei, E-mail: ymhsueh@tmu.edu.tw [Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); School of Public Health, College of Public Health and Nutrition, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China)

    2012-08-01

    8-Hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is one of the most reliable and abundant markers of DNA damage. The study was designed to explore the relationship between urinary 8-OHdG and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and to investigate whether individuals with a high level of 8-OHdG would have a modified odds ratio (OR) of arsenic-related RCC. This case–control study was conducted with 132 RCC patients and 245 age- and sex-matched controls from a hospital-based pool between November 2006 and May 2009. Pathological verification of RCC was completed by image-guided biopsy or surgical resection of renal tumors. Urinary 8-OHdG levels were determined using liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS). Concentrations of urinary arsenic species, including inorganic arsenic, monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA), were determined by a high performance liquid chromatography-linked hydride generator and atomic absorption spectrometry. Level of urinary 8-OHdG was significantly associated with the OR of RCC in a dose–response relationship after multivariate adjustment. Urinary 8-OHdG was significantly related to urinary total arsenic. The greatest OR (3.50) was seen in the individuals with high urinary 8-OHdG and high urinary total arsenic. A trend test indicated that the OR of RCC was increased with one of these factors and was further increased with both (p = 0.002). In conclusion, higher urinary 8-OHdG was a strong predictor of the RCC. High levels of 8-OHdG combined with urinary total arsenic might be indicative of arsenic-induced RCC. -- Highlights: ? Urinary 8-OHdG was significantly related to urinary total arsenic. ? Higher urinary 8-OHdG was a strong predictor of RCC risk. ? Urinary 8-OHdG may modify arsenic related RCC risk.

  2. The effect of cigarette smoke and arsenic exposure on urothelial carcinoma risk is modified by glutathione S-transferase M1 gene null genotype

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chung, Chi-Jung [Department of Health Risk Management, College of Public Health, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan (China) [Department of Health Risk Management, College of Public Health, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan (China); Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan (China); Huang, Chao-Yuan; Pu, Yeong-Shiau [Department of Urology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Urology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Shiue, Horng-Sheng [Department of Chinese Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Chinese Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Su, Chien-Tien [Department of Family Medicine, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Family Medicine, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Hsueh, Yu-Mei, E-mail: ymhsueh@tmu.edu.tw [Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China) [Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); School of Public Health, College of Public Health and Nutrition, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China)

    2013-01-15

    Inter-individual variation in the metabolism of xenobiotics, caused by factors such as cigarette smoking or inorganic arsenic exposure, is hypothesized to be a susceptibility factor for urothelial carcinoma (UC). Therefore, our study aimed to evaluate the role of gene–environment interaction in the carcinogenesis of UC. A hospital-based case–control study was conducted. Urinary arsenic profiles were measured using high-performance liquid chromatography–hydride generator-atomic absorption spectrometry. Genotyping was performed using a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism technique. Information about cigarette smoking exposure was acquired from a lifestyle questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression was applied to estimate the UC risk associated with certain risk factors. We found that UC patients had higher urinary levels of total arsenic, higher percentages of inorganic arsenic (InAs%) and monomethylarsonic acid (MMA%) and lower percentages of dimethylarsinic acid (DMA%) compared to controls. Subjects carrying the GSTM1 null genotype had significantly increased UC risk. However, no association was observed between gene polymorphisms of CYP1A1, EPHX1, SULT1A1 and GSTT1 and UC risk after adjustment for age and sex. Significant gene–environment interactions among urinary arsenic profile, cigarette smoking, and GSTM1 wild/null polymorphism and UC risk were observed after adjustment for potential risk factors. Overall, gene–environment interactions simultaneously played an important role in UC carcinogenesis. In the future, large-scale studies should be conducted using tag-SNPs of xenobiotic-metabolism-related enzymes for gene determination. -- Highlights: ? Subjects with GSTM1 null genotype had significantly increased UC risk. ? UC patients had poor arsenic metabolic ability compared to controls. ? GSTM1 null genotype may modify arsenic related UC risk.

  3. Number and Location of Positive Nodes, Postoperative Radiotherapy, and Survival After Esophagectomy With Three-Field Lymph Node Dissection for Thoracic Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen Junqiang [Department of Radiation Oncology, Teaching Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou (China); Pan Jianji, E-mail: panjianji@126.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, Teaching Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou (China); Zheng Xiongwei [Department of Pathology, Teaching Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou (China); Zhu Kunshou [Department of Surgery, Teaching Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou (China); Li Jiancheng; Chen Mingqiang; Wang Jiezhong [Department of Radiation Oncology, the Teaching Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou (China); Liao Zhongxing [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: To analyze influences of the number and location of positive lymph nodes and postoperative radiotherapy on survival for patients with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (TE-SCC) treated with radical esophagectomy with three-field lymphadenectomy. Methods and Materials: A total of 945 patients underwent radical esophagectomy plus three-field lymph node dissection for node-positive TE-SCC at Fujian Provincial Tumor Hospital between January 1993 and March 2007. Five hundred ninety patients received surgery only (S group), and 355 patients received surgery, followed 3 to 4 weeks later by postoperative radiotherapy (S+R group) to a median total dose of 50 Gy in 25 fractions. We assessed potential associations among patient-, tumor-, and treatment-related factors and overall survival. Results: Five-year overall survival rates were 32.8% for the entire group, 29.6% for the S group, and 38.0% for the S+R group (p = 0.001 for S vs. S+R). Treatment with postoperative radiotherapy was particularly beneficial for patients with {>=}3 positive nodes and for those with metastasis in the upper (supraclavicular and upper mediastinal) region or both the upper and lower (mediastinal and abdominal) regions (p < 0.05). Postoperative radiotherapy was also associated with lower recurrence rates in the supraclavicular and upper and middle mediastinal regions (p < 0.05). Sex, primary tumor length, number of positive nodes, pathological T category, and postoperative radiotherapy were all independent predictors of survival. Conclusions: Postoperative radiotherapy was associated with better survival for patients with node-positive TE-SCC, particularly those with three or more positive nodes and positive nodes in the supraclavicular and superior mediastinal regions.

  4. Nomograms Predicting Response to Therapy and Outcomes After Bladder-Preserving Trimodality Therapy for Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coen, John J., E-mail: jcoen@harthosp.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Paly, Jonathan J.; Niemierko, Andrzej [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Kaufman, Donald S. [Department of Medical Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)] [Department of Medical Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Heney, Niall M. [Department of Urology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)] [Department of Urology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Spiegel, Daphne Y.; Efstathiou, Jason A.; Zietman, Anthony L.; Shipley, William U. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)

    2013-06-01

    Purpose: Selective bladder preservation by use of trimodality therapy is an established management strategy for muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Individual disease features have been associated with response to therapy, likelihood of bladder preservation, and disease-free survival. We developed prognostic nomograms to predict the complete response rate, disease-specific survival, and likelihood of remaining free of recurrent bladder cancer or cystectomy. Methods and Materials: From 1986 to 2009, 325 patients were managed with selective bladder preservation at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and had complete data adequate for nomogram development. Treatment consisted of a transurethral resection of bladder tumor followed by split-course chemoradiation. Patients with a complete response at midtreatment cystoscopic assessment completed radiation, whereas those with a lesser response underwent a prompt cystectomy. Prognostic nomograms were constructed predicting complete response (CR), disease-specific survival (DSS), and bladder-intact disease-free survival (BI-DFS). BI-DFS was defined as the absence of local invasive or regional recurrence, distant metastasis, bladder cancer-related death, or radical cystectomy. Results: The final nomograms included information on clinical T stage, presence of hydronephrosis, whether a visibly complete transurethral resection of bladder tumor was performed, age, sex, and tumor grade. The predictive accuracy of these nomograms was assessed. For complete response, the area under the receiving operating characteristic curve was 0.69. The Harrell concordance index was 0.61 for both DSS and BI-DFS. Conclusions: Our nomograms allow individualized estimates of complete response, DSS, and BI-DFS. They may assist patients and clinicians making important treatment decisions.

  5. Long-Term Outcomes of Vestibular Schwannomas Treated With Fractionated Stereotactic Radiotherapy: An Institutional Experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kapoor, Sumit; Batra, Sachin [Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States); Carson, Kathryn [Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD (United States); Shuck, John; Kharkar, Siddharth; Gandhi, Rahul [Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States); Jackson, Juan; Wemmer, Jan; Terezakis, Stephanie; Shokek, Ori; Kleinberg, Lawrence [Department of Radiation Oncology, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States); Rigamonti, Daniele, E-mail: dr@jhmi.edu [Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States)

    2011-11-01

    Purpose: We assessed clinical outcome and long-term tumor control after fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) for unilateral schwannoma. Methods and Materials: Between 1995 and 2007, 496 patients were treated with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy at Johns Hopkins Hospital (Baltimore, MD); 385 patients had radiologic follow-up that met the inclusion criteria. The primary endpoint was treatment failure. Secondary endpoints were radiologic progression and clinical outcome. Logistic regression analysis assessed the association of age, race, tumor side, sex, and pretreatment symptoms. Results: In 11 patients (3%) treatment failed, and they required salvage (microsurgical) treatment. Radiologic progression was observed in 116 patients (30.0%), including 35 patients (9%) in whom the treatment volume more than doubled during the follow-up period, although none required surgical resection. Tumors with baseline volumes of less than 1 cm{sup 3} were 18.02 times more likely to progress than those with tumor volumes of 1 cm{sup 3} or greater (odds ratio, 18.02; 95% confidence interval, 4.25-76.32). Treatment-induced neurologic morbidity included 8 patients (1.6%) with new facial weakness, 12 patients (2.8%) with new trigeminal paresthesias, 4 patients (0.9%) with hydrocephalus (1 communicating and 3 obstructive), and 2 patients (0.5%) with possibly radiation-induced neoplasia. Conclusions: Although the rate of treatment failure is low (3%), careful follow-up shows that radiologic progression occurs frequently. When reporting outcome, the 'no salvage surgery needed' and 'no additional treatment needed' criteria for treatment success need to be complemented by the radiologic data.

  6. Endovascular Treatment of Active Splenic Bleeding After Colonoscopy: A Systematic Review of the Literature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corcillo, Antonella, E-mail: antonella.corcillo@chuv.ch [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Departement de Medecine Interne (Switzerland)] [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Departement de Medecine Interne (Switzerland); Aellen, Steve, E-mail: steve.aellen@hopitalvs.ch; Zingg, Tobias [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Service de Chirurgie Viscerale (Switzerland)] [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Service de Chirurgie Viscerale (Switzerland); Bize, Pierre [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Departement de Radiologie Interventionnelle (Switzerland)] [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Departement de Radiologie Interventionnelle (Switzerland); Demartines, Nicolas [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Service de Chirurgie Viscerale (Switzerland)] [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Service de Chirurgie Viscerale (Switzerland); Denys, Alban [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Departement de Radiologie Interventionnelle (Switzerland)] [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Departement de Radiologie Interventionnelle (Switzerland)

    2013-10-15

    Purpose: Colonoscopy is reported to be a safe procedure that is routinely performed for the diagnosis and treatment of colorectal diseases. Splenic rupture is considered to be a rare complication with high mortality and morbidity that requires immediate diagnosis and management. Nonoperative management (NOM), surgical treatment (ST), and, more recently, proximal splenic artery embolization (PSAE) have been proposed as treatment options. The goal of this study was to assess whether PSAE is safe even in high-grade ruptures. Methods: We report two rare cases of post colonoscopy splenic rupture. A systematic review of the literature from 2002 to 2010 (first reported case of PSAE) was performed and the three types of treatment compared. Results: All patients reviewed (77 of 77) presented with intraperitoneal hemorrhage due to isolated splenic trauma. Splenic rupture was high-grade in most patients when grading was possible. Six of 77 patients (7.8 %) were treated with PSAE, including the 2 cases reported herein. Fifty-seven patients (74 %) underwent ST. NOM was attempted first in 25 patients with a high failure rate (11 of 25 [44 %]) and requiring a salvage procedure, such as PSAE or ST. Previous surgery (31 of 59 patients), adhesions (10 of 13), diagnostic colonoscopies (49 of 71), previous biopsies or polypectomies (31 of 57) and female sex (56 of 77) were identified as risk factors. In contrast, splenomegaly (0 of 77 patients), medications that increase the risk of bleeding (13 of 30) and difficult colonoscopies (16 of 51) were not identified as risk factors. PSAE was safe and effective even in elderly patients with comorbidities and those taking medications that increase the risk of bleeding, and the length of the hospital stay was similar to that after ST. Conclusion: We propose a treatment algorithm based on clinical and radiological criteria. Because of the high failure rate after NOM, PSAE should be the treatment of choice to manage grade I through IV splenic ruptures after colonoscopy in hemodynamically stabilized patients.

  7. Radiotherapy for Rectal Cancer Is Associated With Reduced Serum Testosterone and Increased FSH and LH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruheim, Kjersti [Cancer Center, Ullevaal University Hospital, Oslo (Norway)], E-mail: Kjersti.Bruheim@medisin.uio.no; Svartberg, Johan [Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tromso, Tromso (Norway); Department of Medicine, University Hospital of North Norway, Tromso (Norway); Carlsen, Erik [Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Ullevaal University Hospital, Oslo (Norway); Dueland, Svein [Department of Oncology, Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo (Norway); Haug, Egil [Hormone Laboratory, Aker University Hospital, Oslo (Norway); Skovlund, Eva [School of Pharmacy, University of Oslo, Oslo (Norway); Tveit, Kjell Magne; Guren, Marianne G. [Cancer Center, Ullevaal University Hospital, Oslo (Norway)

    2008-03-01

    Purpose: It is known that scattered radiation to the testes during pelvic radiotherapy can affect fertility, but there is little knowledge on its effects on male sex hormones. The aim of this study was to determine whether radiotherapy for rectal cancer affects testosterone production. Methods and Materials: All male patients who had received adjuvant radiotherapy for rectal cancer from 1993 to 2003 were identified from the Norwegian Rectal Cancer Registry. Patients treated with surgery alone were randomly selected from the same registry as control subjects. Serum levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), testosterone, and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) were analyzed, and free testosterone was calculated (N = 290). Information about the radiotherapy treatment was collected from the patient hospital charts. Results: Serum FSH was 3 times higher in the radiotherapy group than in the control group (median, 18.8 vs. 6.3 IU/L, p <0.001), and serum LH was 1.7 times higher (median, 7.5 vs. 4.5 IU/l, p <0.001). In the radiotherapy group, 27% of patients had testosterone levels below the reference range (8-35 nmol/L), compared with 10% of the nonirradiated patients (p <0.001). Irradiated patients had lower serum testosterone (mean, 11.1 vs. 13.4 nmol/L, p <0.001) and lower calculated free testosterone (mean, 214 vs. 235 pmol/L, p <0.05) than control subjects. Total testosterone, calculated free testosterone, and gonadotropins were related to the distance from the bony pelvic structures to the caudal field edge. Conclusions: Increased serum levels of gonadotropins and subnormal serum levels of testosterone indicate that curative radiotherapy for rectal cancer can result in permanent testicular dysfunction.

  8. Dose-Effect Relationships for Adverse Events After Cranial Radiation Therapy in Long-term Childhood Cancer Survivors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dijk, Irma W.E.M. van, E-mail: i.w.vandijk@amc.uva.nl [Department of Radiation Oncology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Cardous-Ubbink, Mathilde C. [Department of Medical Oncology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands)] [Department of Medical Oncology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Pal, Helena J.H. van der [Department of Medical Oncology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Department of Pediatric Oncology, Emma Children's Hospital/Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Heinen, Richard C. [Department of Pediatric Oncology, Emma Children's Hospital/Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands)] [Department of Pediatric Oncology, Emma Children's Hospital/Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Leeuwen, Flora E. van [Department of Epidemiology, Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam (Netherlands)] [Department of Epidemiology, Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Oldenburger, Foppe; Os, Rob M. van [Department of Radiation Oncology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Ronckers, Cécile M. [Dutch Childhood Oncology Group, Long-term Effects after Childhood Cancer, The Hague (Netherlands)] [Dutch Childhood Oncology Group, Long-term Effects after Childhood Cancer, The Hague (Netherlands); Schouten–van Meeteren, Antoinette Y.N. [Department of Pediatric Oncology, Emma Children's Hospital/Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Caron, Huib N. [Department of Medical Oncology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands) [Department of Medical Oncology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Department of Pediatric Oncology, Emma Children's Hospital/Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Koning, Caro C.E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Kremer, Leontien C.M. [Department of Medical Oncology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands) [Department of Medical Oncology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Department of Pediatric Oncology, Emma Children's Hospital/Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2013-03-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the prevalence and severity of clinical adverse events (AEs) and treatment-related risk factors in childhood cancer survivors treated with cranial radiation therapy (CRT), with the aim of assessing dose-effect relationships. Methods and Materials: The retrospective study cohort consisted of 1362 Dutch childhood cancer survivors, of whom 285 were treated with CRT delivered as brain irradiation (BI), as part of craniospinal irradiation (CSI), and as total body irradiation (TBI). Individual CRT doses were converted into the equivalent dose in 2-Gy fractions (EQD{sub 2}). Survivors had received their diagnoses between 1966 and 1996 and survived at least 5 years after diagnosis. A complete inventory of Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events grade 3.0 AEs was available from our hospital-based late-effect follow-up program. We used multivariable logistic and Cox regression analyses to examine the EQD{sub 2} in relation to the prevalence and severity of AEs, correcting for sex, age at diagnosis, follow-up time, and the treatment-related risk factors surgery and chemotherapy. Results: There was a high prevalence of AEs in the CRT group; over 80% of survivors had more than 1 AE, and almost half had at least 5 AEs, both representing significant increases in number of AEs compared with survivors not treated with CRT. Additionally, the proportion of severe, life-threatening, or disabling AEs was significantly higher in the CRT group. The most frequent AEs were alopecia and cognitive, endocrine, metabolic, and neurologic events. Using the EQD{sub 2}, we found significant dose-effect relationships for these and other AEs. Conclusion: Our results confirm that CRT increases the prevalence and severity of AEs in childhood cancer survivors. Furthermore, analyzing dose-effect relationships with the cumulative EQD{sub 2} instead of total physical dose connects the knowledge from radiation therapy and radiobiology with the clinical experience.

  9. Phase 1 Study of Dose Escalation in Hypofractionated Proton Beam Therapy for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gomez, Daniel R., E-mail: dgomez@mdanderson.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Gillin, Michael [Department of Radiation Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)] [Department of Radiation Physics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Liao, Zhongxing [Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Wei, Caimiao [Department of Biostatistics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)] [Department of Biostatistics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Lin, Steven H.; Swanick, Cameron; Alvarado, Tina; Komaki, Ritsuko; Cox, James D.; Chang, Joe Y. [Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)

    2013-07-15

    Background: Many patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cannot undergo concurrent chemotherapy because of comorbidities or poor performance status. Hypofractionated radiation regimens, if tolerable, may provide an option to these patients for effective local control. Methods and Materials: Twenty-five patients were enrolled in a phase 1 dose-escalation trial of proton beam therapy (PBT) from September 2010 through July 2012. Eligible patients had histologically documented lung cancer, thymic tumors, carcinoid tumors, or metastatic thyroid tumors. Concurrent chemotherapy was not allowed, but concurrent treatment with biologic agents was. The dose-escalation schema comprised 15 fractions of 3 Gy(relative biological effectiveness [RBE])/fraction, 3.5 Gy(RBE)/fraction, or 4 Gy(RBE)/fraction. Dose constraints were derived from biologically equivalent doses of standard fractionated treatment. Results: The median follow-up time for patients alive at the time of analysis was 13 months (range, 8-28 months). Fifteen patients received treatment to hilar or mediastinal lymph nodes. Two patients experienced dose-limiting toxicity possibly related to treatment; 1 received 3.5-Gy(RBE) fractions and experienced an in-field tracheoesophageal fistula 9 months after PBT and 1 month after bevacizumab. The other patient received 4-Gy(RBE) fractions and was hospitalized for bacterial pneumonia/radiation pneumonitis 4 months after PBT. Conclusion: Hypofractionated PBT to the thorax delivered over 3 weeks was well tolerated even with significant doses to the lungs and mediastinal structures. Phase 2/3 trials are needed to compare the efficacy of this technique with standard treatment for locally advanced NSCLC.

  10. Analysis of federal policy options for improving US lighting energy efficiency: Commercial and residential buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atkinson, B.A.; McMahon, J.E.; Mills, E.; Chan, P.; Chan, T.W.; Eto, J.H.; Jennings, J.D.; Koomey, J.G.; Lo, K.W.; Lecar, M.; Price, L.; Rubinstein, F.; Sezgen, O.; Wenzel, T.

    1992-12-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) has recognized the opportunity to achieve energy, economic, and environmental benefits by promoting energy-efficient lighting through federal policies, including lighting standards, financial incentives, and information programs. To assist in this process, the Office of Conservation and Renewable Energy`s Office of Codes and Standards invited Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory to assess prospective national impacts for a variety of policy options. Some progress has already been made in developing lighting policies at both the federal and state levels. The US DOE`s Office of Building Technologies has evaluated lighting efficiency incentives as part of its analysis for the National Energy Strategy. Fluorescent and incandescent lamp standards are included in the national Energy Policy Act of 1992 (P.L. 102-486, October 24, 1992). A few states have analyzed or implemented lamp and luminaire standards. Many policy-related issues merit further investigation. For example, there is considerable debate over issues such as mandatory or voluntary standards versus component labeling and other education-oriented strategies. Several different technologies are involved that interact with each other-lamps (incandescent, compact fluorescent, and HID), ballasts (for fluorescent and HID lamps), and fixtures with reflectors and lenses. Control systems and operation patterns must also be considered (timers, automated dimming, or occupancy sensors). Lighting applications are diverse, ranging from offices, restaurants, hallways, hospital operating rooms, to exterior lights. Lighting energy use influences heating and cooling requirements in buildings. Successful lighting system design must also address interactions between architectural design elements and daylighting availability. Proper system installation and ongoing operation and maintenance are crucial. The economic aspects of the preceding points must also be considered for policy making.

  11. Analysis of federal policy options for improving US lighting energy efficiency: Commercial and residential buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atkinson, B.A.; McMahon, J.E.; Mills, E.; Chan, P.; Chan, T.W.; Eto, J.H.; Jennings, J.D.; Koomey, J.G.; Lo, K.W.; Lecar, M.; Price, L.; Rubinstein, F.; Sezgen, O.; Wenzel, T.

    1992-12-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) has recognized the opportunity to achieve energy, economic, and environmental benefits by promoting energy-efficient lighting through federal policies, including lighting standards, financial incentives, and information programs. To assist in this process, the Office of Conservation and Renewable Energy's Office of Codes and Standards invited Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory to assess prospective national impacts for a variety of policy options. Some progress has already been made in developing lighting policies at both the federal and state levels. The US DOE's Office of Building Technologies has evaluated lighting efficiency incentives as part of its analysis for the National Energy Strategy. Fluorescent and incandescent lamp standards are included in the national Energy Policy Act of 1992 (P.L. 102-486, October 24, 1992). A few states have analyzed or implemented lamp and luminaire standards. Many policy-related issues merit further investigation. For example, there is considerable debate over issues such as mandatory or voluntary standards versus component labeling and other education-oriented strategies. Several different technologies are involved that interact with each other-lamps (incandescent, compact fluorescent, and HID), ballasts (for fluorescent and HID lamps), and fixtures with reflectors and lenses. Control systems and operation patterns must also be considered (timers, automated dimming, or occupancy sensors). Lighting applications are diverse, ranging from offices, restaurants, hallways, hospital operating rooms, to exterior lights. Lighting energy use influences heating and cooling requirements in buildings. Successful lighting system design must also address interactions between architectural design elements and daylighting availability. Proper system installation and ongoing operation and maintenance are crucial. The economic aspects of the preceding points must also be considered for policy making.

  12. Development of active porous medium filters based on plasma textiles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuznetsov, Ivan A.; Saveliev, Alexei V.; Rasipuram, Srinivasan; Kuznetsov, Andrey V.; Brown, Alan; Jasper, Warren

    2012-05-15

    Inexpensive, flexible, washable, and durable materials that serve as antimicrobial filters and self-decontaminating fabrics are needed to provide active protection to people in areas regularly exposed to various biohazards, such as hospitals and bio research labs working with pathogens. Airlines and cruise lines need such material to combat the spread of infections. In households these materials can be used in HVAC filters to fight indoor pollution, which is especially dangerous to people suffering from asthma. Efficient filtering materials are also required in areas contaminated by other types of hazardous dust particulates, such as nuclear dust. The primary idea that guided the undertaken study is that a microplasma-generating structure can be embedded in a textile fabric to generate a plasma sheath (''plasma shield'') that kills bacterial agents coming in contact with the fabric. The research resulted in the development of a plasma textile that can be used for producing new types of self-decontaminating garments, fabrics, and filter materials, capable of activating a plasma sheath that would filter, capture, and destroy any bacteriological agent deposited on its surface. This new material relies on the unique antimicrobial and catalytic properties of cold (room temperature) plasma that is benign to people and does not cause thermal damage to many polymer textiles, such as Nomex and polypropylene. The uniqueness of cold plasma as a disinfecting agent lies in the inability of bacteria to develop resistance to plasma exposure, as they can for antibiotics. Plasma textiles could thus be utilized for microbial destruction in active antimicrobial filters (for continuous decontamination and disinfection of large amounts of air) as well as in self-decontaminating surfaces and antibacterial barriers (for example, for creating local antiseptic or sterile environments around wounds and burns).

  13. Use of Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Brain Metastases From Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Halasz, Lia M.; Weeks, Jane C.; Neville, Bridget A.; Taback, Nathan; Punglia, Rinaa S.

    2013-02-01

    Purpose: The indications for treatment of brain metastases from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) remain controversial. We studied patterns, predictors, and cost of SRS use in elderly patients with NSCLC. Methods and Materials: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare (SEER-Medicare) database, we identified patients with NSCLC who were diagnosed with brain metastases between 2000 and 2007. Our cohort included patients treated with radiation therapy and not surgical resection as initial treatment for brain metastases. Results: We identified 7684 patients treated with radiation therapy within 2 months after brain metastases diagnosis, of whom 469 (6.1%) cases had billing codes for SRS. Annual SRS use increased from 3.0% in 2000 to 8.2% in 2005 and varied from 3.4% to 12.5% by specific SEER registry site. After controlling for clinical and sociodemographic characteristics, we found SRS use was significantly associated with increasing year of diagnosis, specific SEER registry, higher socioeconomic status, admission to a teaching hospital, no history of participation in low-income state buy-in programs (a proxy for Medicaid eligibility), no extracranial metastases, and longer intervals from NSCLC diagnosis. The average cost per patient associated with radiation therapy was 2.19 times greater for those who received SRS than for those who did not. Conclusions: The use of SRS in patients with metastatic NSCLC increased almost 3-fold from 2000 to 2005. In addition, we found significant variations in SRS use across SEER registries and socioeconomic quartiles. National practice patterns in this study suggested both a lack of consensus and an overall limited use of the approach among elderly patients before 2008.

  14. Localized Ocular Adnexal Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue Lymphoma Treated With Radiation Therapy: A Long-Term Outcome in 86 Patients With 104 Treated Eyes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harada, Ken; Murakami, Naoya; Kitaguchi, Mayuka; Sekii, Shuhei; Takahashi, Kana; Yoshio, Kotaro; Inaba, Koji; Morota, Madoka; Ito, Yoshinori; Sumi, Minako; Suzuki, Shigenobu; Tobinai, Kensei; Uno, Takashi; Itami, Jun

    2014-03-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the natural history, behavior of progression, prognostic factors, and treatment-related adverse effects of primary ocular adnexal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma (POAML). Methods and Materials: Eighty-six patients with histologically proven stage I POAML treated with radiation therapy at National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo between 1990 and 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. The median age was 56 years (range, 18-85 years). The median dose administered was 30 Gy (range, 30-46 Gy). Seventy-seven patients (90%) were treated by radiation therapy alone. Results: The median follow-up duration was 9 years (range, 0.9-22 years). The 5- and 10-year overall survival (OS) rates were 97.6% and 93.5%, respectively, and no patients died of lymphoma. Patients with tumor sizes ?4 cm showed a greater risk of contralateral relapse (P=.012). Six patients with contralateral relapse were seen and treated by radiation therapy alone, and all the lesions were controlled well, with follow-up times of 3 to 12 years. There was 1 case of local relapse after radiation therapy alone, and 3 cases of relapse occurred in a distant site. Cataracts developed in 36 of the 65 eyes treated without lens shielding and in 12 of the 39 patients with lens shielding (P=.037). Conclusions: The majority of patients with POAML showed behavior consistent with that of localized, indolent diseases. Thirty gray of local irradiation seems to be quite effective. The initial bilateral involvement and contralateral orbital relapses can be also controlled with radiation therapy alone. Lens shielding reduces the risk of cataract.

  15. Effects of FGF-2 on human adipose tissue derived adult stem cells morphology and chondrogenesis enhancement in Transwell culture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kabiri, Azadeh; Esfandiari, Ebrahim; Hashemibeni, Batool; Kazemi, Mohammad; Mardani, Mohammad; Esmaeili, Abolghasem

    2012-07-27

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We investigated effects of FGF-2 on hADSCs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We examine changes in the level of gene expressions of SOX-9, aggrecan and collagen type II and type X. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer FGF-2 induces chondrogenesis in hADSCs, which Bullet Increasing information will decrease quality if hospital costs are very different. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The result of this study may be beneficial in cartilage tissue engineering. -- Abstract: Injured cartilage is difficult to repair due to its poor vascularisation. Cell based therapies may serve as tools to more effectively regenerate defective cartilage. Both adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and human adipose derived stem cells (hADSCs) are regarded as potential stem cell sources able to generate functional cartilage for cell transplantation. Growth factors, in particular the TGF-b superfamily, influence many processes during cartilage formation, including cell proliferation, extracellular matrix synthesis, maintenance of the differentiated phenotype, and induction of MSCs towards chondrogenesis. In the current study, we investigated the effects of FGF-2 on hADSC morphology and chondrogenesis in Transwell culture. hADSCs were obtained from patients undergoing elective surgery, and then cultured in expansion medium alone or in the presence of FGF-2 (10 ng/ml). mRNA expression levels of SOX-9, aggrecan and collagen type II and type X were quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The morphology, doubling time, trypsinization time and chondrogenesis of hADSCs were also studied. Expression levels of SOX-9, collagen type II, and aggrecan were all significantly increased in hADSCs expanded in presence of FGF-2. Furthermore FGF-2 induced a slender morphology, whereas doubling time and trypsinization time decreased. Our results suggest that FGF-2 induces hADSCs chondrogenesis in Transwell culture, which may be beneficial in cartilage tissue engineering.

  16. Overview of ozone human exposure and health risk analyses used in the U.S. EPA's review of the ozone air quality standard.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whitfield, R. G.

    1999-03-04

    This paper presents an overview of the ozone human exposure and health risk analyses developed under sponsorship of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). These analyses are being used in the current review of the national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for ozone. The analyses consist of three principal steps: (1) estimating short-term ozone exposure for particular populations (exposure model); (2) estimating population response to exposures or concentrations (exposure-response or concentration-response models); and (3) integrating concentrations or exposure with concentration-response or exposure-response models to produce overall risk estimates (risk model). The exposure model, called the probabilistic NAAQS exposure model for ozone (pNEM/03), incorporates the following factors: hourly ambient ozone concentrations; spatial distribution of concentrations; ventilation state of individuals at time of exposure; and movement of people through various microenvironments (e.g., outdoors, indoors, inside a vehicle) of varying air quality. Exposure estimates are represented by probability distributions. Exposure-response relationships have been developed for several respiratory symptom and lung function health effects, based on the results of controlled human exposure studies. These relationships also are probabilistic and reflect uncertainties associated with sample size and variability of response among subjects. The analyses also provide estimates of excess hospital admissions in the New York City area based on results from an epidemiology study. Overall risk results for selected health endpoints and recently analyzed air quality scenarios associated with alternative 8-hour NAAQS and the current 1-hour standard for outdoor children are used to illustrate application of the methodology.

  17. Forecasting the 2013–2014 influenza season using Wikipedia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hickmann, Kyle S.; Fairchild, Geoffrey; Priedhorsky, Reid; Generous, Nicholas; Hyman, James M.; Deshpande, Alina; Del Valle, Sara Y.; Salathé, Marcel

    2015-05-14

    Infectious diseases are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality around the world; thus, forecasting their impact is crucial for planning an effective response strategy. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), seasonal influenza affects 5% to 20% of the U.S. population and causes major economic impacts resulting from hospitalization and absenteeism. Understanding influenza dynamics and forecasting its impact is fundamental for developing prevention and mitigation strategies. We combine modern data assimilation methods with Wikipedia access logs and CDC influenza-like illness (ILI) reports to create a weekly forecast for seasonal influenza. The methods are applied to the 2013-2014 influenza season but are sufficiently general to forecast any disease outbreak, given incidence or case count data. We adjust the initialization and parametrization of a disease model and show that this allows us to determine systematic model bias. In addition, we provide a way to determine where the model diverges from observation and evaluate forecast accuracy. Wikipedia article access logs are shown to be highly correlated with historical ILI records and allow for accurate prediction of ILI data several weeks before it becomes available. The results show that prior to the peak of the flu season, our forecasting method produced 50% and 95% credible intervals for the 2013-2014 ILI observations that contained the actual observations for most weeks in the forecast. However, since our model does not account for re-infection or multiple strains of influenza, the tail of the epidemic is not predicted well after the peak of flu season has passed.

  18. Outpatient radiographic exposure in the first five years of life

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fosarelli, P.D.; DeAngelis, C.

    1987-06-01

    Young children receive a variety of diagnostic radiographs over time. In some cases the exposure to radiation may be unwarranted because the films may yield confusing results, or may also need to be repeated because of poor technical quality. Even when the results are clearly negative, the subsequent treatment may proceed as if the film had been positive because of the child's clinical condition. The cumulative effect of such low-dose radiation on infants and children over time is unknown. The number and types of outpatient radiographs received by a cohort of poor children from a hospital-based continuity clinic during their first 5 years of life were reviewed. Also noted were the reason for obtaining the film, whether it was positive for that reason or another, whether the child had a chronic condition that prompted the use of radiograph, and the child's sex, race, and age when the film was obtained. Of the 218 children, 132 (60.6%) received 349 sets of films in their first 5 years. There was no difference in the number of films by race or sex. Chest and posttrauma bone or joint films accounted for 315 sets of films or 90.3% of the total. Overall, 25.8% of the 267 chest films were positive; this varied by age. Only 15% of the chest films were positive in the first year compared with 29 to 49% in the second through fifth years (p less than 0.001). Cough was the respiratory symptom most reliably associated with a positive chest film, both for the cohort (p less than 0.0001) and for children in the first year of life (p less than 0.01).

  19. SU-E-J-72: Geant4 Simulations of Spot-Scanned Proton Beam Treatment Plans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kanehira, T; Sutherland, K; Matsuura, T; Umegaki, K; Shirato, H [Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido (Japan)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To evaluate density inhomogeneities which can effect dose distributions for real-time image gated spot-scanning proton therapy (RGPT), a dose calculation system, using treatment planning system VQA (Hitachi Ltd., Tokyo) spot position data, was developed based on Geant4. Methods: A Geant4 application was developed to simulate spot-scanned proton beams at Hokkaido University Hospital. A CT scan (0.98 × 0.98 × 1.25 mm) was performed for prostate cancer treatment with three or four inserted gold markers (diameter 1.5 mm, volume 1.77 mm3) in or near the target tumor. The CT data was read into VQA. A spot scanning plan was generated and exported to text files, specifying the beam energy and position of each spot. The text files were converted and read into our Geant4-based software. The spot position was converted into steering magnet field strength (in Tesla) for our beam nozzle. Individual protons were tracked from the vacuum chamber, through the helium chamber, steering magnets, dose monitors, etc., in a straight, horizontal line. The patient CT data was converted into materials with variable density and placed in a parametrized volume at the isocenter. Gold fiducial markers were represented in the CT data by two adjacent voxels (volume 2.38 mm3). 600,000 proton histories were tracked for each target spot. As one beam contained about 1,000 spots, approximately 600 million histories were recorded for each beam on a blade server. Two plans were considered: two beam horizontal opposed (90 and 270 degree) and three beam (0, 90 and 270 degree). Results: We are able to convert spot scanning plans from VQA and simulate them with our Geant4-based code. Our system can be used to evaluate the effect of dose reduction caused by gold markers used for RGPT. Conclusion: Our Geant4 application is able to calculate dose distributions for spot scanned proton therapy.

  20. SPECTRUM-DRIVEN PLANETARY DEGLACIATION DUE TO INCREASES IN STELLAR LUMINOSITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shields, Aomawa L.; Meadows, Victoria S.; Bitz, Cecilia M.; Joshi, Manoj M.; Robinson, Tyler D.

    2014-04-10

    Distant planets in globally ice-covered, ''snowball'', states may depend on increases in their host stars' luminosity to become hospitable for surface life. Using a general circulation model, we simulated the equilibrium climate response of a planet to a range of instellations from an F-, G-, or M-dwarf star. The range of instellation that permits both complete ice cover and at least partially ice-free climate states is a measure of the climate hysteresis that a planet can exhibit. An ice-covered planet with high climate hysteresis would show a higher resistance to the initial loss of surface ice coverage with increases in instellation, and abrupt, extreme ice loss once deglaciation begins. Our simulations indicate that the climate hysteresis depends sensitively on the host star spectral energy distribution. Under fixed CO{sub 2} conditions, a planet orbiting an M-dwarf star exhibits a smaller climate hysteresis, requiring smaller instellation to initiate deglaciation than planets orbiting hotter, brighter stars. This is due to the higher absorption of near-infrared radiation by ice on the surfaces and greenhouse gases and clouds in the atmosphere of an M-dwarf planet. Increases in atmospheric CO{sub 2} further lower the climate hysteresis, as M-dwarf snowball planets exhibit a larger radiative response than G-dwarf snowball planets for the same increase in CO{sub 2}. For a smaller hysteresis, planets near the outer edge of the habitable zone will thaw earlier in their evolutionary history, and will experience a less abrupt transition out of global ice cover.

  1. Hadron particle theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alonso, J.R.

    1995-05-01

    Radiation therapy with ``hadrons`` (protons, neutrons, pions, ions) has accrued a 55-year track record, with by now over 30,000 patients having received treatments with one of these particles. Very good, and in some cases spectacular results are leading to growth in the field in specific well-defined directions. The most noted contributor to success has been the ability to better define and control the radiation field produced with these particles, to increase the dose delivered to the treatment volume while achieving a high degree of sparing of normal tissue. An additional benefit is the highly-ionizing, character of certain beams, leading to creater cell-killing potential for tumor lines that have historically been very resistant to radiation treatments. Until recently these treatments have been delivered in laboratories and research centers whose primary, or original mission was physics research. With maturity in the field has come both the desire to provide beam facilities more accessible to the clinical setting, of a hospital, as well as achieving, highly-efficient, reliable and economical accelerator and beam-delivery systems that can make maximum advantage of the physical characteristics of these particle beams. Considerable work in technology development is now leading, to the implementation of many of these ideas, and a new generation of clinically-oriented facilities is beginning to appear. We will discuss both the physical, clinical and technological considerations that are driving these designs, as well as highlighting, specific examples of new facilities that are either now treating, patients or that will be doing so in the near future.

  2. Valvular Abnormalities Detected by Echocardiography in 5-Year Survivors of Childhood Cancer: A Long-Term Follow-Up Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pal, Helena J. van der; Caron, Huib N.; Kremer, Leontien C.; Dalen, Elvira C. van

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: To determine the prevalence of valvular abnormalities after radiation therapy involving the heart region and/or treatment with anthracyclines and to identify associated risk factors in a large cohort of 5-year childhood cancer survivors (CCS). Methods and Materials: The study cohort consisted of all 626 eligible 5-year CCS diagnosed with childhood cancer in the Emma Children's Hospital/Academic Medical Center between 1966 and 1996 and treated with radiation therapy involving the heart region and/or anthracyclines. We determined the presence of valvular abnormalities according to echocardiograms. Physical radiation dose was converted into the equivalent dose in 2-Gy fractions (EQD{sub 2}). Using multivariable logistic regression analyses, we examined the associations between cancer treatment and valvular abnormalities. Results: We identified 225 mainly mild echocardiographic valvular abnormalities in 169 of 545 CCS (31%) with a cardiac assessment (median follow-up time, 14.9 years [range, 5.1-36.8 years]; median attained age 22.0 years [range, 7.0-49.7 years]). Twenty-four CCS (4.4%) had 31 moderate or higher-graded abnormalities. Most common abnormalities were tricuspid valve disorders (n=119; 21.8%) and mitral valve disorders (n=73; 13.4%). The risk of valvular abnormalities was associated with increasing radiation dose (using EQD{sub 2}) involving the heart region (odds ratio 1.33 per 10 Gy) and the presence of congenital heart disease (odds ratio 3.43). We found no statistically significant evidence that anthracyclines increase the risk. Conclusions: Almost one-third of CCS treated with potentially cardiotoxic therapy had 1 or more asymptomatic, mostly mild valvular abnormalities after a median follow-up of nearly 15 years. The most important risk factors are higher EQD{sub 2} to the heart region and congenital heart disease. Studies with longer follow-up are necessary to investigate the clinical course of asymptomatic valvular abnormalities in CCS.

  3. Technology data characterizing water heating in commercial buildings: Application to end-use forecasting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sezgen, O.; Koomey, J.G.

    1995-12-01

    Commercial-sector conservation analyses have traditionally focused on lighting and space conditioning because of their relatively-large shares of electricity and fuel consumption in commercial buildings. In this report we focus on water heating, which is one of the neglected end uses in the commercial sector. The share of the water-heating end use in commercial-sector electricity consumption is 3%, which corresponds to 0.3 quadrillion Btu (quads) of primary energy consumption. Water heating accounts for 15% of commercial-sector fuel use, which corresponds to 1.6 quads of primary energy consumption. Although smaller in absolute size than the savings associated with lighting and space conditioning, the potential cost-effective energy savings from water heaters are large enough in percentage terms to warrant closer attention. In addition, water heating is much more important in particular building types than in the commercial sector as a whole. Fuel consumption for water heating is highest in lodging establishments, hospitals, and restaurants (0.27, 0.22, and 0.19 quads, respectively); water heating`s share of fuel consumption for these building types is 35%, 18% and 32%, respectively. At the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, we have developed and refined a base-year data set characterizing water heating technologies in commercial buildings as well as a modeling framework. We present the data and modeling framework in this report. The present commercial floorstock is characterized in terms of water heating requirements and technology saturations. Cost-efficiency data for water heating technologies are also developed. These data are intended to support models used for forecasting energy use of water heating in the commercial sector.

  4. Forecasting the 2013–2014 influenza season using Wikipedia

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Hickmann, Kyle S.; Fairchild, Geoffrey; Priedhorsky, Reid; Generous, Nicholas; Hyman, James M.; Deshpande, Alina; Del Valle, Sara Y.; Salathé, Marcel

    2015-05-14

    Infectious diseases are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality around the world; thus, forecasting their impact is crucial for planning an effective response strategy. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), seasonal influenza affects 5% to 20% of the U.S. population and causes major economic impacts resulting from hospitalization and absenteeism. Understanding influenza dynamics and forecasting its impact is fundamental for developing prevention and mitigation strategies. We combine modern data assimilation methods with Wikipedia access logs and CDC influenza-like illness (ILI) reports to create a weekly forecast for seasonal influenza. The methods are appliedmore » to the 2013-2014 influenza season but are sufficiently general to forecast any disease outbreak, given incidence or case count data. We adjust the initialization and parametrization of a disease model and show that this allows us to determine systematic model bias. In addition, we provide a way to determine where the model diverges from observation and evaluate forecast accuracy. Wikipedia article access logs are shown to be highly correlated with historical ILI records and allow for accurate prediction of ILI data several weeks before it becomes available. The results show that prior to the peak of the flu season, our forecasting method produced 50% and 95% credible intervals for the 2013-2014 ILI observations that contained the actual observations for most weeks in the forecast. However, since our model does not account for re-infection or multiple strains of influenza, the tail of the epidemic is not predicted well after the peak of flu season has passed.« less

  5. High-performance laboratories and cleanrooms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tschudi, William; Sartor, Dale; Mills, Evan; Xu, Tengfang

    2002-07-01

    The California Energy Commission sponsored this roadmap to guide energy efficiency research and deployment for high performance cleanrooms and laboratories. Industries and institutions utilizing these building types (termed high-tech buildings) have played an important part in the vitality of the California economy. This roadmap's key objective to present a multi-year agenda to prioritize and coordinate research efforts. It also addresses delivery mechanisms to get the research products into the market. Because of the importance to the California economy, it is appropriate and important for California to take the lead in assessing the energy efficiency research needs, opportunities, and priorities for this market. In addition to the importance to California's economy, energy demand for this market segment is large and growing (estimated at 9400 GWH for 1996, Mills et al. 1996). With their 24hr. continuous operation, high tech facilities are a major contributor to the peak electrical demand. Laboratories and cleanrooms constitute the high tech building market, and although each building type has its unique features, they are similar in that they are extremely energy intensive, involve special environmental considerations, have very high ventilation requirements, and are subject to regulations--primarily safety driven--that tend to have adverse energy implications. High-tech buildings have largely been overlooked in past energy efficiency research. Many industries and institutions utilize laboratories and cleanrooms. As illustrated, there are many industries operating cleanrooms in California. These include semiconductor manufacturing, semiconductor suppliers, pharmaceutical, biotechnology, disk drive manufacturing, flat panel displays, automotive, aerospace, food, hospitals, medical devices, universities, and federal research facilities.

  6. Reservoir compartmentalization caused by mass transport deposition Northwest Stevens pool, Elk Hills Naval Petroleum Reserves, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milliken, M.D.; McJannet, G.S.; Shiflett, D.W.; Deutsch, H.A.

    1996-12-31

    The {open_quotes}A{close_quotes} sands of the Northwest Stevens Pool consist of six major subdivisions (A1-A6) and numerous sublayers. These sands are above the {open_quotes}N Point{close_quotes} stratigraphic marker, making them much younger than most other Stevens sands at Elk Hills. Cores show the A1-A3 sands to be possibly mass transport deposition, primarily debris flows, slumps, and sand injection bodies. The A4-A6 sands are characterized by normally graded sheet-like sand bodies Hospital of traditional outer fan turbidite lithofacies. Most current production from the A1-A2 interval comes from well 373A-7R, are completed waterflood wells that came on line in 1992 at 1400 BOPD. Well 373A-7R is an anomaly in the A1-A2 zone, where average production from the other ten wells is 200 BOPD. Other evidence for compartmentalization in the A1-A2 interval includes sporadic oil-water contacts and drawdown pressures, difficult log correlations, and rapid thickness changes. In 1973, well 362-7R penetrated 220 ft of wet Al sand. The well was redrilled updip and successfully completed in the A1, where the oil-water contact is more than 130 ft lower than the original hole and faulting is not apparent. In 1992, horizontal well 323H-7R unexpectedly encountered an entirely wet Al wedge zone. Reevaluation of the A1-A3 and other sands as mass transport origin is important for modeling initialization and production/development strategies.

  7. Reservoir compartmentalization caused by mass transport deposition Northwest Stevens pool, Elk Hills Naval Petroleum Reserves, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milliken, M.D.; McJannet, G.S. ); Shiflett, D.W. ); Deutsch, H.A. )

    1996-01-01

    The [open quotes]A[close quotes] sands of the Northwest Stevens Pool consist of six major subdivisions (A1-A6) and numerous sublayers. These sands are above the [open quotes]N Point[close quotes] stratigraphic marker, making them much younger than most other Stevens sands at Elk Hills. Cores show the A1-A3 sands to be possibly mass transport deposition, primarily debris flows, slumps, and sand injection bodies. The A4-A6 sands are characterized by normally graded sheet-like sand bodies Hospital of traditional outer fan turbidite lithofacies. Most current production from the A1-A2 interval comes from well 373A-7R, are completed waterflood wells that came on line in 1992 at 1400 BOPD. Well 373A-7R is an anomaly in the A1-A2 zone, where average production from the other ten wells is 200 BOPD. Other evidence for compartmentalization in the A1-A2 interval includes sporadic oil-water contacts and drawdown pressures, difficult log correlations, and rapid thickness changes. In 1973, well 362-7R penetrated 220 ft of wet Al sand. The well was redrilled updip and successfully completed in the A1, where the oil-water contact is more than 130 ft lower than the original hole and faulting is not apparent. In 1992, horizontal well 323H-7R unexpectedly encountered an entirely wet Al wedge zone. Reevaluation of the A1-A3 and other sands as mass transport origin is important for modeling initialization and production/development strategies.

  8. A Total Cost of Ownership Model for Low Temperature PEM Fuel Cells in Combined Heat and Power and Backup Power Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    University of California, Berkeley; Wei, Max; Lipman, Timothy; Mayyas, Ahmad; Chien, Joshua; Chan, Shuk Han; Gosselin, David; Breunig, Hanna; Stadler, Michael; McKone, Thomas; Beattie, Paul; Chong, Patricia; Colella, Whitney; James, Brian

    2014-06-23

    A total cost of ownership model is described for low temperature proton exchange membrane stationary fuel cell systems for combined heat and power (CHP) applications from 1-250kW and backup power applications from 1-50kW. System designs and functional specifications for these two applications were developed across the range of system power levels. Bottom-up cost estimates were made for balance of plant costs, and detailed direct cost estimates for key fuel cell stack components were derived using design-for-manufacturing-and-assembly techniques. The development of high throughput, automated processes achieving high yield are projected to reduce the cost for fuel cell stacks to the $300/kW level at an annual production volume of 100 MW. Several promising combinations of building types and geographical location in the U.S. were identified for installation of fuel cell CHP systems based on the LBNL modelling tool DER CAM. Life-cycle modelling and externality assessment were done for hotels and hospitals. Reduced electricity demand charges, heating credits and carbon credits can reduce the effective cost of electricity ($/kWhe) by 26-44percent in locations such as Minneapolis, where high carbon intensity electricity from the grid is displaces by a fuel cell system operating on reformate fuel. This project extends the scope of existing cost studies to include externalities and ancillary financial benefits and thus provides a more comprehensive picture of fuel cell system benefits, consistent with a policy and incentive environment that increasingly values these ancillary benefits. The project provides a critical, new modelling capacity and should aid a broad range of policy makers in assessing the integrated costs and benefits of fuel cell systems versus other distributed generation technologies.

  9. Fractures of the Sacrum After Chemoradiation for Rectal Carcinoma: Incidence, Risk Factors, and Radiographic Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Han Jo; Boland, Patrick J.; Meredith, Dennis S.; Lis, Eric; Zhang Zhigang; Shi Weiji; Yamada, Yoshiya J.; Goodman, Karyn A.

    2012-11-01

    Purpose: Sacral insufficiency fractures after adjuvant radiation for rectal carcinoma can present similarly to recurrent disease. As a complication associated with pelvic radiation, it is important to be aware of the incidence and risk factors associated with sacral fractures in the clinical assessment of these patients. Methods and Materials: Between 1998 and 2007, a total of 582 patients with locally advanced rectal carcinoma received adjuvant chemoradiation and surgical excision. Of these, 492 patients had imaging studies available for review. Hospital records and imaging studies from all 492 patients were retrospectively evaluated to identify risk factors associated with developing a sacral insufficiency fracture. Results: With a median follow-up time of 3.5 years, the incidence of sacral fractures was 7.1% (35/492). The 4-year sacral fracture free rate was 0.91. Univariate analysis showed that increasing age ({>=}60 vs. <60 years), female sex, and history of osteoporosis were significantly associated with shorter time to sacral fracture (P=.01, P=.004, P=.001, respectively). There was no significant difference in the time to sacral fracture for patients based on stage, radiotherapy dose, or chemotherapy regimen. Multivariate analysis showed increasing age ({>=}60 vs. <60 years, hazard ratio [HR] = 2.50, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.22-5.13, P=.01), female sex (HR = 2.64, CI = 1.29-5.38, P=.008), and history of osteoporosis (HR = 3.23, CI = 1.23-8.50, P=.02) were independent risk factors associated with sacral fracture. Conclusions: Sacral insufficiency fractures after pelvic radiation for rectal carcinoma occur more commonly than previously described. Independent risk factors associated with fracture were osteoporosis, female sex, and age greater than 60 years.

  10. TH-C-18C-01: MRI Safety

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pooley, R; Bernstein, M; Shu, Y; Gorny, K; Felmlee, J; Panda, A

    2014-06-15

    Clinical diagnostic medical physicists may be responsible for implementing and maintaining a comprehensive MR safety program. Accrediting bodies including the ACR, IAC, Radsite and The Joint Commission each include aspects of MR Safety into their imaging accreditation programs; MIPPA regulations further raise the significance of non-compliance. In addition, The Joint Commission recently announced New and Revised Diagnostic Imaging Standards for accredited health care organizations which include aspects of MR Safety. Hospitals and clinics look to the physicist to understand guidelines, regulations and accreditation requirements related to MR safety. The clinical medical physicist plays a significant role in a clinical practice by understanding the physical basis for the risks and acting as a facilitator to successfully implement a safety program that provides well-planned siting, allows for the safe scanning of certain implanted devices, and helps radiologists manage specific patient exams. The MRI scanning of specific devices will be discussed including cardiac pacemakers and neurostimulators such as deep brain stimulators. Furthermore for sites involved in MR guided interventional procedures, the MR physicist plays an essential role to establish safe practices. Creating a framework for a safe MRI practice includes the review of actual safety incidents or close calls to determine methods for prevention in the future. Learning Objectives: Understand the requirements and recommendations related to MR safety from accrediting bodies and federal regulations. Understand the Medical Physicist's roles to ensure MR Safety. Identify best practices for dealing with implanted devices, including pacemakers and deep brain stimulators. Review aspects of MR safety involved in an MR guided interventional environment. Understand the important MR safety aspects in actual safety incidents or near misses.

  11. A survey of radiographers' confidence and self-perceived accuracy in frontline image interpretation and their continuing educational preferences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neep, Michael J; Steffens, Tom; Owen, Rebecca; McPhail, Steven M

    2014-06-15

    The provision of a written comment on traumatic abnormalities of the musculoskeletal system detected by radiographers can assist referrers and may improve patient management, but the practice has not been widely adopted outside the United Kingdom. The purpose of this study was to investigate Australian radiographers' perceptions of their readiness for practice in a radiographer commenting system and their educational preferences in relation to two different delivery formats of image interpretation education, intensive and non-intensive. A cross-sectional web-based questionnaire was implemented between August and September 2012. Participants included radiographers with experience working in emergency settings at four Australian metropolitan hospitals. Conventional descriptive statistics, frequency histograms, and thematic analysis were undertaken. A Wilcoxon signed-rank test examined whether a difference in preference ratings between intensive and non-intensive education delivery was evident. The questionnaire was completed by 73 radiographers (68% response rate). Radiographers reported higher confidence and self-perceived accuracy to detect traumatic abnormalities than to describe traumatic abnormalities of the musculoskeletal system. Radiographers frequently reported high desirability ratings for both the intensive and the non-intensive education delivery, no difference in desirability ratings for these two formats was evident (z = 1.66, P = 0.11). Some Australian radiographers perceive they are not ready to practise in a frontline radiographer commenting system. Overall, radiographers indicated mixed preferences for image interpretation education delivered via intensive and non-intensive formats. Further research, preferably randomised trials, investigating the effectiveness of intensive and non-intensive education formats of image interpretation education for radiographers is warranted.

  12. Factors Associated With the Development of Breast Cancer-Related Lymphedema After Whole-Breast Irradiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shah, Chirag; Wilkinson, John Ben; Baschnagel, Andrew; Ghilezan, Mihai; Riutta, Justin; Dekhne, Nayana; Balaraman, Savitha; Mitchell, Christina; Wallace, Michelle; Vicini, Frank

    2012-07-15

    Purpose: To determine the rates of breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) in patients undergoing whole-breast irradiation as part of breast-conserving therapy (BCT) and to identify clinical, pathologic, and treatment factors associated with its development. Methods and Materials: A total of 1,861 patients with breast cancer were treated at William Beaumont Hospital with whole-breast irradiation as part of their BCT from January 1980 to February 2006, with 1,497 patients available for analysis. Determination of BCRL was based on clinical assessment. Differences in clinical, pathologic, and treatment characteristics between patients with BCRL and those without BCRL were evaluated, and the actuarial rates of BCRL by regional irradiation technique were determined. Results: The actuarial rate of any BCRL was 7.4% for the entire cohort and 9.9%, 14.7%, and 8.3% for patients receiving a supraclavicular field, posterior axillary boost, and internal mammary irradiation, respectively. BCRL was more likely to develop in patients with advanced nodal status (11.4% vs. 6.3%, p = 0.001), those who had a greater number of lymph nodes removed (14 nodes) (9.5% vs. 6.0%, p = 0.01), those who had extracapsular extension (13.4% vs. 6.9%, p = 0.009), those with Grade II/III disease (10.8% vs. 2.9%, p < 0.001), and those who received adjuvant chemotherapy (10.5% vs. 6.7%, p = 0.02). Regional irradiation showed small increases in the rates of BCRL (p = not significant). Conclusions: These results suggest that clinically detectable BCRL will develop after traditional BCT in up to 10% of patients. High-risk subgroups include patients with advanced nodal status, those with more nodes removed, and those who receive chemotherapy, with patients receiving regional irradiation showing a trend toward increased rates.

  13. SU-E-T-632: A Dosimetric Comparison of the 3D-CRT Planning of Chest Wall in Post-Mastectomy Breast Cancer Patients, with and Without Breast Board Setup

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muzaffar, Ambreen; Masood, Asif; Ullah, Haseeb; Mehmood, Kashif; Qasim, Uzma; Afridi, M. Ali; Khan, Salim; Hameed, Abdul

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: Breast boards are used in breast radiation which increases normal lung and heart doses, when supraclavicular field is included. Therefore, in this study through dose volume histogram (DVHs), lung and heart doses comparison was done between two different setups i.e. with and without breast board, for the treatment of left chest wall and supraclavicular fossa in postmastectomy left breast cancer. Methods: In this study, CT-Simulation scans of ten breast cancer patients were done with and without breast board, at Shifa International Hospitals Islamabad, to investigate the differences between the two different setups of the irradiation of left chest wall in terms of lung and heart doses. For immobilization, support under the neck, shoulders and arms was used. Precise PLAN 2.15 treatment planning system (TPS) was used for 3D-CRT planning. The total prescribed dose for both the plans was 5000 cGy/25 fractions. The chest wall was treated with a pair of tangential photon fields and the upper supraclavicular nodal regions were treated with an anterior photon field. A mono-isocentric technique was used to match the tangential fields with the anterior field at the isocentre. The dose volume histogram was used to compare the doses of heart and ipsilateral lung. Results: Both the plans of each patient were generated and compared. DVH results showed that for the same PTV dose coverage, plans without breast board resulted in a reduction of lung and heart doses compared with the plans with breast board. There was significant reductions in V20, V<25 and mean doses for lung and V<9 and mean doses for heart. Conclusion: In comparison of both the plans, setup without breast board significantly reduced the dose-volume of the ipsilateral lung and heart in left chest wall patients. Waived registration request has been submitted.

  14. Microwave Ablation of Pulmonary Malignancies Using a Novel High-energy Antenna System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Little, Mark W.; Chung, Daniel; Boardman, Philip; Gleeson, Fergus V.; Anderson, Ewan M.

    2013-04-15

    To evaluate the technical success, safety, and imaging follow-up of malignant pulmonary nodules treated with a novel high-energy percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) system. Between July 2010 and September 2011, a total of 23 patients, 12 men, mean age 68 (range 30-87) years with 29 pulmonary malignancies of median diameter 19 (range 8-57) mm, underwent computed tomography (CT)-guided MWA with a 16G microwave needle antenna enabling power up to 180 W. Technical success was defined as needle placement in the intended lesion without death or serious injury. Adequacy of ablation was assessed at 24 h on contrast-enhanced CT. Circumferential solid or ground glass opacification >5 mm was used to define an ideal ablation. Local tumor recurrence was assessed at 1, 3, and 6 months after ablation on contrast-enhanced CT. MWA was technically successful in 93 % (n = 27). Mean ablation duration was 3.6 (range 1-9) min. Ten patients (43 %) developed a pneumothorax as a result of the MWA; only 3 (13 %) required placement of a chest drain. Thirty-day mortality rate was 0 %. The mean hospital stay was 1.5 (range 1-7) days. A total of 22 lesions (75 %) were surrounded by {>=}5 mm ground glass or solid opacification after the procedure. At a median follow-up of 6 months, local recurrence was identified in 3 out of 26 lesions, giving a local control rate of 88 %. MWA using a high-power antenna of pulmonary malignancies is safe, technically achievable, and enables fast ablation times.

  15. Prospective Trial of High-Dose Reirradiation Using Daily Image Guidance With Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy for Recurrent and Second Primary Head-and-Neck Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Allen M.; Farwell, D. Gregory; Luu, Quang; Cheng, Suzan; Donald, Paul J.; Purdy, James A.

    2011-07-01

    Purpose: To report a single-institutional experience using intensity-modulated radiotherapy with daily image-guided radiotherapy for the reirradiation of recurrent and second cancers of the head and neck. Methods and Materials: Twenty-one consecutive patients were prospectively treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy from February 2006 to March 2009 to a median dose of 66 Gy (range, 60-70 Gy). None of these patients received concurrent chemotherapy. Daily helical megavoltage CT scans were obtained before each fraction as part of an image-guided radiotherapy registration protocol for patient alignment. Results: The 1- and 2-year estimates of in-field control were 72% and 65%, respectively. A total of 651 daily megavoltage CT scans were obtained. The mean systematic shift to account for interfraction motion was 1.38 {+-} 1.25 mm, 1.79 {+-} 1.45 mm, and 1.98 {+-} 1.75 mm for the medial-lateral, superior-inferior, and anterior-posterior directions, respectively. Pretreatment shifts of >3 mm occurred in 19% of setups in the medial-lateral, 27% in the superior-inferior, and 33% in the anterior-posterior directions, respectively. There were no treatment-related fatalities or hospitalizations. Complications included skin desquamation, odynophagia, otitis externa, keratitis, naso-lacrimal duct stenosis, and brachial plexopathy. Conclusions: Intensity-modulated radiotherapy with daily image guidance results in effective disease control with relatively low morbidity and should be considered for selected patients with recurrent and second primary cancers of the head and neck.

  16. The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (English Version)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

    2004-10-15

    The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction of on-site generation, renewable energy such as solar and wind power and the effective utilization of exhaust heat is needed, to meet the growing energy demands of the residential and commercial sectors. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems. This work demonstrates a method for choosing and designing economically optimal DER systems. An additional purpose of this research is to establish a database of energy tariffs, DER technology cost and performance characteristics, and building energy consumption for Japan. This research builds on prior DER studies at the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and with their associates in the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) and operation, including the development of the microgrid concept, and the DER selection optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM is a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment and an idealized operating schedule to minimize a site's energy bills, given performance and cost data on available DER technologies, utility tariffs, and site electrical and thermal loads over a test period, usually an historic year. Since hourly electric and thermal energy data are rarely available, they are typically developed by building simulation for each of six end use loads used to model the building: electric-only loads, space heating, space cooling, refrigeration, water heating, and natural-gas-only loads. DER-CAM provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the necessary useful energy loads can be provided for at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, cooling, and efficiency improvements. This study examines five prototype commercial buildings and uses DER-CAM to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Each building type was considered for both 5,000 and 10,000 square meter floor sizes. The energy consumption of these building types is based on building energy simulation and published literature. Based on the optimization results, energy conservation and the emissions reduction were also evaluated. Furthermore, a comparison study between Japan and the U.S. has been conducted covering the policy, technology and the utility tariffs effects on DER systems installations. This study begins with an examination of existing DER research. Building energy loads were then generated through simulation (DOE-2) and scaled to match available load data in the literature. Energy tariffs in Japan and the U.S. were then compared: electricity prices did not differ significantly, while commercial gas prices in Japan are much higher than in the U.S. For smaller DER systems, the installation costs in Japan are more than twice those in the U.S., but this difference becomes smaller with larger systems. In Japan, DER systems are eligible for a 1/3 rebate of installation costs, while subsidies in the U.S. vary significantly by region and application. For 10,000 m{sup 2} buildings, significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions, and energy costs were seen in the economically optimal results. This was most noticeable in the sports facility, followed the hospital and hotel. This research demonstrates that office buildings can benefit from CHP, in contrast to popular opinion. For hospitals and sports facilities, the use of waste heat is particularly effective for water and space heating. For the other building types, waste heat is most effectively used for both heating and cooling. The same examination was done for the 5,000 m{sup 2} buildings. Although CHP installation capacity is smaller and the payback periods are longer, economic, fuel efficiency, and environmental benefits are still seen. While these benefits remain even when subsidies are removed, the increased installation costs lead to lower levels of installation capacity and thus benefit.

  17. Final Report: Assessment of Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norwood, Zack; Lipman, Tim; Marnay, Chris; Kammen, Dan

    2008-09-30

    This report analyzes the current economic and environmental performance of combined heat and power (CHP) systems in power interruption intolerant commercial facilities. Through a series of three case studies, key trade-offs are analyzed with regard to the provision of black-out ridethrough capability with the CHP systems and the resutling ability to avoid the need for at least some diesel backup generator capacity located at the case study sites. Each of the selected sites currently have a CHP or combined heating, cooling, and power (CCHP) system in addition to diesel backup generators. In all cases the CHP/CCHP system have a small fraction of the electrical capacity of the diesel generators. Although none of the selected sites currently have the ability to run the CHP systems as emergency backup power, all could be retrofitted to provide this blackout ride-through capability, and new CHP systems can be installed with this capability. The following three sites/systems were used for this analysis: (1) Sierra Nevada Brewery - Using 1MW of installed Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells operating on a combination of digestor gas (from the beer brewing process) and natural gas, this facility can produce electricty and heat for the brewery and attached bottling plant. The major thermal load on-site is to keep the brewing tanks at appropriate temperatures. (2) NetApp Data Center - Using 1.125 MW of Hess Microgen natural gas fired reciprocating engine-generators, with exhaust gas and jacket water heat recovery attached to over 300 tons of of adsorption chillers, this combined cooling and power system provides electricity and cooling to a data center with a 1,200 kW peak electrical load. (3) Kaiser Permanente Hayward Hospital - With 180kW of Tecogen natural gas fired reciprocating engine-generators this CHP system generates steam for space heating, and hot water for a city hospital. For all sites, similar assumptions are made about the economic and technological constraints of the power generation system. Using the Distributed Energy Resource Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) developed at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, we model three representative scenarios and find the optimal operation scheduling, yearly energy cost, and energy technology investments for each scenario below: Scenario 1 - Diesel generators and CHP/CCHP equipment as installed in the current facility. Scenario 1 represents a baseline forced investment in currently installed energy equipment. Scenario 2 - Existing CHP equipment installed with blackout ride-through capability to replace approximately the same capacity of diesel generators. In Scenario 2 the cost of the replaced diesel units is saved, however additional capital cost for the controls and switchgear for blackout ride-through capability is necessary. Scenario 3 - Fully optimized site analysis, allowing DER-CAM to specify the number of diesel and CHP/CCHP units (with blackout ride-through capability) that should be installed ignoring any constraints on backup generation. Scenario 3 allows DER-CAM to optimize scheduling and number of generation units from the currently available technologies at a particular site. The results of this analysis, using real data to model the optimal schedulding of hypothetical and actual CHP systems for a brewery, data center, and hospital, lead to some interesting conclusions. First, facilities with high heating loads will typically prove to be the most appropriate for CHP installation from a purely economic standpoint. Second, absorption/adsorption cooling systems may only be economically feasible if the technology for these chillers can increase above current best system efficiency. At a coefficient of performance (COP) of 0.8, for instance, an adsorption chiller paired with a natural gas generator with waste heat recovery at a facility with large cooling loads, like a data center, will cost no less on a yearly basis than purchasing electricity and natural gas directly from a utility. Third, at marginal additional cost, if the reliability of CHP systems proves to be at

  18. The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (Japanese translation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

    2004-10-15

    The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction of on-site generation, renewable energy such as solar and wind power and the effective utilization of exhaust heat is needed, to meet the growing energy demands of the residential and commercial sectors. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems. This work demonstrates a method for choosing and designing economically optimal DER systems. An additional purpose of this research is to establish a database of energy tariffs, DER technology cost and performance characteristics, and building energy consumption for Japan. This research builds on prior DER studies at the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and with their associates in the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) and operation, including the development of the microgrid concept, and the DER selection optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM is a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment and an idealized operating schedule to minimize a site's energy bills, given performance and cost data on available DER technologies, utility tariffs, and site electrical and thermal loads over a test period, usually an historic year. Since hourly electric and thermal energy data are rarely available, they are typically developed by building simulation for each of six end use loads used to model the building: electric-only loads, space heating, space cooling, refrigeration, water heating, and natural-gas-only loads. DER-CAM provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the necessary useful energy loads can be provided for at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, cooling, and efficiency improvements. This study examines five prototype commercial buildings and uses DER-CAM to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Each building type was considered for both 5,000 and 10,000 square meter floor sizes. The energy consumption of these building types is based on building energy simulation and published literature. Based on the optimization results, energy conservation and the emissions reduction were also evaluated. Furthermore, a comparison study between Japan and the U.S. has been conducted covering the policy, technology and the utility tariffs effects on DER systems installations.

  19. EnergySolution's Clive Disposal Facility Operational Research Model - 13475

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nissley, Paul; Berry, Joanne

    2013-07-01

    EnergySolutions owns and operates a licensed, commercial low-level radioactive waste disposal facility located in Clive, Utah. The Clive site receives low-level radioactive waste from various locations within the United States via bulk truck, containerised truck, enclosed truck, bulk rail-cars, rail boxcars, and rail inter-modals. Waste packages are unloaded, characterized, processed, and disposed of at the Clive site. Examples of low-level radioactive waste arriving at Clive include, but are not limited to, contaminated soil/debris, spent nuclear power plant components, and medical waste. Generators of low-level radioactive waste typically include nuclear power plants, hospitals, national laboratories, and various United States government operated waste sites. Over the past few years, poor economic conditions have significantly reduced the number of shipments to Clive. With less revenue coming in from processing shipments, Clive needed to keep its expenses down if it was going to maintain past levels of profitability. The Operational Research group of EnergySolutions were asked to develop a simulation model to help identify any improvement opportunities that would increase overall operating efficiency and reduce costs at the Clive Facility. The Clive operations research model simulates the receipt, movement, and processing requirements of shipments arriving at the facility. The model includes shipment schedules, processing times of various waste types, labor requirements, shift schedules, and site equipment availability. The Clive operations research model has been developed using the WITNESS{sup TM} process simulation software, which is developed by the Lanner Group. The major goals of this project were to: - identify processing bottlenecks that could reduce the turnaround time from shipment arrival to disposal; - evaluate the use (or idle time) of labor and equipment; - project future operational requirements under different forecasted scenarios. By identifying processing bottlenecks and unused equipment and/or labor, improvements to operating efficiency could be determined and appropriate cost saving measures implemented. Model runs forecasting various scenarios helped illustrate potential impacts of certain conditions (e.g. 20% decrease in shipments arrived), variables (e.g. 20% decrease in labor), or other possible situations. (authors)

  20. Management of Pediatric Spinal Cord Astrocytomas: Outcomes With Adjuvant Radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guss, Zachary D.; Moningi, Shalini; Jallo, George I.; Cohen, Kenneth J.; Wharam, Moody D.; Terezakis, Stephanie A.

    2013-04-01

    Purpose: Pediatric intramedullary spinal cord tumors are exceedingly rare; in the United States, 100 to 200 cases are recognized annually, of these, most are astrocytomas. The purpose of this study is to report the outcomes in pediatric patients with spinal cord astrocytomas treated at a tertiary care center. Methods and Materials: An institutional review board-approved retrospective single-institution study was performed for pediatric patients with spinal cord astrocytomas treated at our hospital from 1990 to 2010. The patients were evaluated on the extent of resection, progression-free survival (PFS), and development of radiation-related toxicities. Kaplan-Meier curves and multivariate regression model methods were used for analysis. Results: Twenty-nine patients were included in the study, 24 with grade 1 or 2 (low-grade) tumors and 5 with grade 3 or 4 (high-grade) tumors. The median follow-up time was 55 months (range, 1-215 months) for patients with low-grade tumors and 17 months (range, 10-52 months) for those with high-grade tumors. Thirteen patients in the cohort received chemotherapy. All patients underwent at least 1 surgical resection. Twelve patients received radiation therapy to a median radiation dose of 47.5 Gy (range, 28.6-54.0 Gy). Fifteen patients with low-grade tumors and 1 patient with a high-grade tumor exhibited stable disease at the last follow-up visit. Acute toxicities of radiation therapy were low grade, whereas long-term sequelae were infrequent and manageable when they arose. All patients with low-grade tumors were alive at the last follow-up visit, compared with 1 patient with a high-grade tumor. Conclusion: Primary pediatric spinal cord astrocytomas vary widely in presentation and clinical course. Histopathologic grade remains a major prognostic factor. Patients with low-grade tumors tend to have excellent disease control and long-term survival compared to those with high-grade tumors. This experience suggests that radiation therapy may enhance tumor control with an acceptably low risk of long-term sequelae in this sensitive patient population.

  1. Early Market TRL/MRL Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronnebro, Ewa; Stetson, Ned

    2013-12-01

    he focus of this report is TRL/MRL analysis of hydrogen storage; it documents the methodology and results of an effort to identify hydrogen storage technologies’ technical and manufacturing readiness for early market motive and non-motive applications and to provide a path forward toward commercialization. Motive applications include materials handling equipment (MHE) and ground support equipment (GSE), such as forklifts, tow tractors, and specialty vehicles such as golf carts, lawn mowers and wheel chairs. Non-motive applications are portable, stationary or auxiliary power units (APUs) and include portable laptops, backup power, remote sensor power, and auxiliary power for recreational vehicles, hotels, hospitals, etc. Hydrogen storage technologies assessed include metal hydrides, chemical hydrides, sorbents, gaseous storage, and liquid storage. The assessments are based on a combination of Technology Readiness Level (TRL) and Manufacturing Readiness Level (MRL) designations that enable evaluation of hydrogen storage technologies at varying levels of development. The manufacturing status could be established from eight risk elements: Technical Maturity, Design, Materials, Cost & Funding, Process Capability, Personnel, Facilities and Manufacturing Planning. This approach provides a logical methodology and roadmap to enable the identification of hydrogen storage technologies, their advantages/disadvantages, gaps and R&D needs on an unbiased and transparent scale that is easily communicated to interagency partners. This technology readiness assessment (TRA) report documents the process used to conduct the TRA/MRA (technology and manufacturing readiness assessment), reports the TRL and MRL for each assessed technology and provides recommendations based on the findings. To investigate the state of the art and needs to mature the technologies, PNNL prepared a questionnaire to assign TRL and MRL for each hydrogen storage technology. The questionnaire was sent to identified hydrogen storage technology developers and manufacturers who were asked to perform a self-assessment. We included both domestic and international organizations including U.S. national laboratories, U.S. companies, European companies and Japanese companies. PNNL collected the data and performed an analysis to deduce the level of maturity and to provide program recommendations.

  2. Proof of principle study of the use of a CMOS active pixel sensor for proton radiography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seco, Joao; Depauw, Nicolas

    2011-02-15

    Purpose: Proof of principle study of the use of a CMOS active pixel sensor (APS) in producing proton radiographic images using the proton beam at the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). Methods: A CMOS APS, previously tested for use in s-ray radiation therapy applications, was used for proton beam radiographic imaging at the MGH. Two different setups were used as a proof of principle that CMOS can be used as proton imaging device: (i) a pen with two metal screws to assess spatial resolution of the CMOS and (ii) a phantom with lung tissue, bone tissue, and water to assess tissue contrast of the CMOS. The sensor was then traversed by a double scattered monoenergetic proton beam at 117 MeV, and the energy deposition inside the detector was recorded to assess its energy response. Conventional x-ray images with similar setup at voltages of 70 kVp and proton images using commercial Gafchromic EBT 2 and Kodak X-Omat V films were also taken for comparison purposes. Results: Images were successfully acquired and compared to x-ray kVp and proton EBT2/X-Omat film images. The spatial resolution of the CMOS detector image is subjectively comparable to the EBT2 and Kodak X-Omat V film images obtained at the same object-detector distance. X-rays have apparent higher spatial resolution than the CMOS. However, further studies with different commercial films using proton beam irradiation demonstrate that the distance of the detector to the object is important to the amount of proton scatter contributing to the proton image. Proton images obtained with films at different distances from the source indicate that proton scatter significantly affects the CMOS image quality. Conclusion: Proton radiographic images were successfully acquired at MGH using a CMOS active pixel sensor detector. The CMOS demonstrated spatial resolution subjectively comparable to films at the same object-detector distance. Further work will be done in order to establish the spatial and energy resolution of the CMOS detector for protons. The development and use of CMOS in proton radiography could allow in vivo proton range checks, patient setup QA, and real-time tumor tracking.

  3. Biologically Effective Dose (BED) Correlation With Biochemical Control After Low-Dose Rate Prostate Brachytherapy for Clinically Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miles, Edward F.; Nelson, John W.; Alkaissi, Ali K.; Das, Shiva; Clough, Robert W.; Broadwater, Gloria; Anscher, Mitchell S.; Chino, Junzo P.; Oleson, James R.

    2010-05-01

    Purpose: To assess the correlation of postimplant dosimetric quantifiers with biochemical control of prostate cancer after low-dose rate brachytherapy. Methods and Materials: The biologically effective dose (BED), dose in Gray (Gy) to 90% of prostate (D{sub 90}), and percent volume of the prostate receiving 100% of the prescription dose (V{sub 100}) were calculated from the postimplant dose-volume histogram for 140 patients undergoing low-dose rate prostate brachytherapy from 1997 to 2003 at Durham Regional Hospital and the Durham VA Medical Center (Durham, NC). Results: The median follow-up was 50 months. There was a 7% biochemical failure rate (10 of 140), and 91% of patients (127 of 140) were alive at last clinical follow-up. The median BED was 148 Gy (range, 46-218 Gy). The median D{sub 90} was 139 Gy (range, 45-203 Gy). The median V{sub 100} was 85% (range, 44-100%). The overall 5-year biochemical relapse-free survival (bRFS) rate was 90.1%. On univariate Cox proportional hazards modeling, no pretreatment characteristic (Gleason score sum, age, baseline prostate-specific antigen, or clinical stage) was predictive of bRFS. The BED, D{sub 90}, and V{sub 100} were all highly correlated (Pearson coefficients >92%), and all were strongly correlated with bRFS. Using the Youden method, we identified the following cut points for predicting freedom from biochemical failure: D{sub 90} >= 110 Gy, V{sub 100} >= 74%, and BED >= 115 Gy. None of the covariates significantly predicted overall survival. Conclusions: We observed significant correlation between BED, D{sub 90}, and V{sub 100} with bRFS. The BED is at least as predictive of bRFS as D{sub 90} or V{sub 100}. Dosimetric quantifiers that account for heterogeneity in tumor location and dose distribution, tumor repopulation, and survival probability of tumor clonogens should be investigated.

  4. Place Based STEM: Leveraging Local Resources to Engage K-12 Teachers in Teaching Integrated STEM and for Addressing the Local STEM Pipeline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. Louis Nadelson; Anne Louise Seifert; Meagan McKinney

    2014-06-01

    Business, industry, parks, nature settings, government infrastructure, and people, can be invaluable resources for connecting STEM curriculum within context which results in conditions ideal for promoting purposeful learning of authentic STEM content. Thus, community-based STEM resources offer ideal context for teaching STEM content. A benefit of focusing teacher attention on these contextual, content aligned resources is that they are in every community; making place-based STEM education a possibility, regardless of the location of STEM teaching and learning. Further, associating STEM teaching and learning with local resources addresses workforce development and the STEM pipeline by exposing students to STEM careers and applications in their local communities. The desire to align STEM teaching and learning with local STEM related resources guided the design of our week-long integrated STEM K-12 teacher professional development (PD) program, i-STEM. We have completed four years of our i-STEM PD program and have made place-based STEM a major emphasis of our curriculum. This report focuses on the data collected in the fourth year of our program. Our week-long i-STEM PD served over 425 educators last summer (2013), providing them with in depth theme-based integrated STEM short courses which were limited to an average of 15 participants and whole group plenary sessions focused around placed based integrated STEM, inquiry, engineering design, standards and practices of Common Core and 21st Century skills. This state wide PD was distributed in five Idaho community colleges and took place over two weeks. The STEM short courses included topics on engineering for sustainability, using engineering to spark interest in STEM, municipal water systems, health, agriculture, food safety, mining, forestry, energy, and others. Integral to these short courses were field trips designed to connect the K-12 educators to the resources in their local communities that could be leveraged for teaching integrated STEM and provide a relevant context for teaching STEM content. Workplace presentations made by place-based STEM experts and provided teachers field trips to place-base STEM industries and business such as manufacturing plants, waste water treatment systems, mines, nature parks, food processing plants, research, hospitals, and laboratory facilities. We researched the 425 participants’ conceptions of place-based STEM prior to and after their taking part in the summer institutes, which included fieldtrips. Our findings revealed substantial increase in our participants’ knowledge, interest, and plans to use place-based resources for teaching integrated STEM. We detail the data analysis and provide a theoretical foundation and justification for the importance of place-based STEM to address the STEM pipeline for the future workforce.

  5. Phase I Trial Using Patupilone (Epothilone B) and Concurrent Radiotherapy for Central Nervous System Malignancies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fogh, Shannon; Machtay, Mitchell; Werner-Wasik, Maria; Curran, Walter J.; Bonanni, Roseann; Axelrod, Rita; Andrews, David; Dicker, Adam P.

    2010-07-15

    Purpose: Based on preclinical data indicating the radiosensitizing potential of epothilone B, the present study was designed to evaluate the toxicity and response rate of patupilone, an epothilone B, with concurrent radiotherapy (RT) for the treatment of central nervous system malignancies. Methods and Materials: The present Phase I study evaluated the toxicities associated with patupilone combined with RT to establish the maximal tolerated dose. Eligible patients had recurrent gliomas (n = 10) primary (n = 5) or metastatic (n = 17) brain tumors. Dose escalation occurred if no dose-limiting toxicities, defined as any Grade 4-5 toxicity or Grade 3 toxicity requiring hospitalization, occurred during treatment. Results: Of 14 patients, 5 were treated with weekly patupilone at 1.5 mg/m{sup 2}, 4 at 2.0 mg/m{sup 2}, 4 at 2.5 mg/m{sup 2}, and 1 at 4 mg/m{sup 2}. Of 18 patients, 7 were treated in the 6-mg/m{sup 2} group, 6 in the 8-mg/m{sup 2} group, and 5 in the 10-mg/m{sup 2} group. Primary central nervous system malignancies received RT to a median dose of 60 Gy. Central nervous system metastases received whole brain RT to a median dose of 37.4 Gy, and patients with recurrent gliomas underwent stereotactic RT to a median dose of 37.5 Gy. One dose-limiting toxicity (pneumonia) was observed in group receiving 8-mg/m{sup 2} every 3 weeks. At the subsequent dose level (10 mg/m{sup 2}), two Grade 4 dose-limiting toxicities occurred (renal failure and pulmonary hemorrhage); thus, 8 mg/m{sup 2} every 3 weeks was the maximal tolerated dose and the recommended Phase II dose. Conclusion: Combined with a variety of radiation doses and fractionation schedules, concurrent patupilone was well tolerated and safe, with a maximal tolerated dose of 8 mg/m{sup 2} every 3 weeks.

  6. MOLTEN CARBONATE FUEL CELL PRODUCT DESIGN IMPROVEMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    H.C. Maru; M. Farooque

    2005-03-01

    The program was designed to advance the carbonate fuel cell technology from full-size proof-of-concept field test to the commercial design. DOE has been funding Direct FuelCell{reg_sign} (DFC{reg_sign}) development at FuelCell Energy, Inc. (FCE, formerly Energy Research Corporation) from an early state of development for stationary power plant applications. The current program efforts were focused on technology and system development, and cost reduction, leading to commercial design development and prototype system field trials. FCE, in Danbury, CT, is a world-recognized leader for the development and commercialization of high efficiency fuel cells that can generate clean electricity at power stations, or at distributed locations near the customers such as hospitals, schools, universities, hotels and other commercial and industrial applications. FCE has designed three different fuel cell power plant models (DFC300A, DFC1500 and DFC3000). FCE's power plants are based on its patented DFC{reg_sign} technology, where a hydrocarbon fuel is directly fed to the fuel cell and hydrogen is generated internally. These power plants offer significant advantages compared to the existing power generation technologies--higher fuel efficiency, significantly lower emissions, quieter operation, flexible siting and permitting requirements, scalability and potentially lower operating costs. Also, the exhaust heat by-product can be used for cogeneration applications such as high-pressure steam, district heating and air conditioning. Several sub-MW power plants based on the DFC design are currently operating in Europe, Japan and the US. Several one-megawatt power plant design was verified by operation on natural gas at FCE. This plant is currently installed at a customer site in King County, WA under another US government program and is currently in operation. Because hydrogen is generated directly within the fuel cell module from readily available fuels such as natural gas and waste water treatment gas, DFC power plants are ready today and do not require the creation of a hydrogen infrastructure. Product improvement progress made during the program period in the areas of technology, manufacturing processes, cost reduction and balance-of-plant equipment designs is discussed in this report.

  7. Postoperative Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer: A Comparison of Four Consensus Guidelines and Dosimetric Evaluation of 3D-CRT Versus Tomotherapy IMRT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malone, Shawn; Croke, Jennifer; Roustan-Delatour, Nicolas; Belanger, Eric; Avruch, Leonard; Malone, Colin; Morash, Christopher; Kayser, Cathleen; Underhill, Kathryn; Li Yan; Malone, Kyle; Nyiri, Balazs; Spaans, Johanna

    2012-11-01

    Purpose: Despite the benefits of adjuvant radiotherapy after radical prostatectomy, approximately one-half of patients relapse. Four consensus guidelines have been published (European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Faculty of Radiation Oncology Genito-Urinary Group, Princess Margaret Hospital, Radiation Therapy Oncology Group) with the aim of standardizing the clinical target volume (CTV) delineation and improve outcomes. To date, no attempt has been made to compare these guidelines in terms of treatment volumes or organ at risk (OAR) irradiation. The extent to which the guideline-derived plans meet the dosimetric constraints of present trials or of the Quantitative Analysis of Normal Tissue Effects in the Clinic (QUANTEC) trial is also unknown. Our study also explored the dosimetric benefits of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). Methods and Materials: A total of 20 patients treated with postoperative RT were included. The three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) plans were applied to cover the guideline-generated planning target volumes (66 Gy in 33 fractions). Dose-volume histograms (DVHs) were analyzed for CTV/planning target volume coverage and to evaluate OAR irradiation. The OAR DVHs were compared with the constraints proposed in the QUANTEC and Radiotherapy and Androgen Deprivation In Combination After Local Surgery (RADICALS) trials. 3D-CRT plans were compared with the tomotherapy plans for the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group planning target volume to evaluate the advantages of IMRT. Results: The CTV differed significantly between guidelines (p < 0.001). The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer-CTVs were significantly smaller than the other CTVs (p < 0.001). Differences in prostate bed coverage superiorly accounted for the major volumetric differences between the guidelines. Using 3D-CRT, the DVHs rarely met the QUANTEC or RADICALS rectal constraints, independent of the guideline used. The RADICALS bladder constraints were met most often by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer consensus guideline (14 of 20). The tomotherapy IMRT plans resulted in significant OAR sparing compared with the 3D-CRT plans; however, the RADICALS and QUANTEC criteria were still missed in a large percentage of cases. Conclusion: Treatment volumes using the current consensus guidelines differ significantly. For the four CTV guidelines, the rectal and bladder DVH constraints proposed in the QUANTEC and RADICALS trials are rarely met with 3D-CRT. IMRT results in significant OAR sparing; however, the RADICALS dose constraints are still missed for a large percentage of cases. The rectal and bladder constraints of RADICALS should be modified to avoid a reduction in the CTVs.

  8. Best Practices for the Security of Radioactive Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coulter, D.T.; Musolino, S.

    2009-05-01

    This work is funded under a grant provided by the US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control. The Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) awarded a contract to Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) to develop best practices guidance for Office of Radiological Health (ORH) licensees to increase on-site security to deter and prevent theft of radioactive materials (RAM). The purpose of this document is to describe best practices available to manage the security of radioactive materials in medical centers, hospitals, and research facilities. There are thousands of such facilities in the United States, and recent studies suggest that these materials may be vulnerable to theft or sabotage. Their malevolent use in a radiological-dispersion device (RDD), viz., a dirty bomb, can have severe environmental- and economic- impacts, the associated area denial, and potentially large cleanup costs, as well as other effects on the licensees and the public. These issues are important to all Nuclear Regulatory Commission and Agreement State licensees, and to the general public. This document outlines approaches for the licensees possessing these materials to undertake security audits to identify vulnerabilities in how these materials are stored or used, and to describe best practices to upgrade or enhance their security. Best practices can be described as the most efficient (least amount of effort/cost) and effective (best results) way of accomplishing a task and meeting an objective, based on repeatable procedures that have proven themselves over time for many people and circumstances. Best practices within the security industry include information security, personnel security, administrative security, and physical security. Each discipline within the security industry has its own 'best practices' that have evolved over time into common ones. With respect to radiological devices and radioactive-materials security, industry best practices encompass both physical security (hardware and engineering) and administrative procedures. Security regimes for these devices and materials typically use a defense-in-depth- or layered-security approach to eliminate single points of failure. The Department of Energy, the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Defense, the American Society of Industrial Security (ASIS), the Security Industry Association (SIA) and Underwriters Laboratory (UL) all rovide design guidance and hardware specifications. With a graded approach, a physical-security specialist can tailor an integrated security-management system in the most appropriate cost-effective manner to meet the regulatory and non-regulatory requirements of the licensee or client.

  9. Mammographic compression after breast conserving therapy: Controlling pressure instead of force

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Groot, J. E. de Branderhorst, W.; Grimbergen, C. A.; Broeders, M. J. M.; Heeten, G. J. den; Department of Radiology, Academic Medical Center, P.O. Box 22660, 1100 DD Amsterdam

    2014-02-15

    Purpose: X-ray mammography is the primary tool for early detection of breast cancer and for follow-up after breast conserving therapy (BCT). BCT-treated breasts are smaller, less elastic, and more sensitive to pain. Instead of the current force-controlled approach of applying the same force to each breast, pressure-controlled protocols aim to improve standardization in terms of physiology by taking breast contact area and inelasticity into account. The purpose of this study is to estimate the potential for pressure protocols to reduce discomfort and pain, particularly the number of severe pain complaints for BCT-treated breasts. Methods: A prospective observational study including 58 women having one BCT-treated breast and one untreated nonsymptomatic breast, following our hospital's 18 decanewton (daN) compression protocol was performed. Breast thickness, applied force, contact area, mean pressure, breast volume, and inelasticity (mean E-modulus) were statistically compared between the within-women breast pairs, and data were used as predictors for severe pain, i.e., scores 7 and higher on an 11-point Numerical Rating Scale. Curve-fitting models were used to estimate how pressure-controlled protocols affect breast thickness, compression force, and pain experience. Results: BCT-treated breasts had on average 27% smaller contact areas, 30% lower elasticity, and 30% higher pain scores than untreated breasts (allp < 0.001). Contact area was the strongest predictor for severe pain (p < 0.01). Since BCT-treatment is associated with an average 0.36 dm{sup 2} decrease in contact area, as well as increased pain sensitivity, BCT-breasts had on average 5.3 times higher odds for severe pain than untreated breasts. Model estimations for a pressure-controlled protocol with a 10 kPa target pressure, which is below normal arterial pressure, suggest an average 26% (range 10%–36%) reduction in pain score, and an average 77% (range 46%–95%) reduction of the odds for severe pain. The estimated increase in thickness is +6.4% for BCT breasts. Conclusions: After BCT, women have hardly any choice in avoiding an annual follow-up mammogram. Model estimations show that a 10 kPa pressure-controlled protocol has the potential to reduce pain and severe pain particularly for these women. The results highly motivate conducting further research in larger subject groups.

  10. CT reconstruction techniques for improved accuracy of lung CT airway measurement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, A.; Ranallo, F. N.; Judy, P. F.; Gierada, D. S.; Fain, S. B.

    2014-11-01

    Purpose: To determine the impact of constrained reconstruction techniques on quantitative CT (qCT) of the lung parenchyma and airways for low x-ray radiation dose. Methods: Measurement of small airways with qCT remains a challenge, especially for low x-ray dose protocols. Images of the COPDGene quality assurance phantom (CTP698, The Phantom Laboratory, Salem, NY) were obtained using a GE discovery CT750 HD scanner for helical scans at x-ray radiation dose-equivalents ranging from 1 to 4.12 mSv (12–100 mA s current–time product). Other parameters were 40 mm collimation, 0.984 pitch, 0.5 s rotation, and 0.625 mm thickness. The phantom was sandwiched between 7.5 cm thick water attenuating phantoms for a total length of 20 cm to better simulate the scatter conditions of patient scans. Image data sets were reconstructed using STANDARD (STD), DETAIL, BONE, and EDGE algorithms for filtered back projection (FBP), 100% adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR), and Veo reconstructions. Reduced (half) display field of view (DFOV) was used to increase sampling across airway phantom structures. Inner diameter (ID), wall area percent (WA%), and wall thickness (WT) measurements of eight airway mimicking tubes in the phantom, including a 2.5 mm ID (42.6 WA%, 0.4 mm WT), 3 mm ID (49.0 WA%, 0.6 mm WT), and 6 mm ID (49.0 WA%, 1.2 mm WT) were performed with Airway Inspector (Surgical Planning Laboratory, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA) using the phase congruency edge detection method. The average of individual measures at five central slices of the phantom was taken to reduce measurement error. Results: WA% measures were greatly overestimated while IDs were underestimated for the smaller airways, especially for reconstructions at full DFOV (36 cm) using the STD kernel, due to poor sampling and spatial resolution (0.7 mm pixel size). Despite low radiation dose, the ID of the 6 mm ID airway was consistently measured accurately for all methods other than STD FBP. Veo reconstructions showed slight improvement over STD FBP reconstructions (4%–9% increase in accuracy). The most improved ID and WA% measures were for the smaller airways, especially for low dose scans reconstructed at half DFOV (18 cm) with the EDGE algorithm in combination with 100% ASIR to mitigate noise. Using the BONE + ASIR at half BONE technique, measures improved by a factor of 2 over STD FBP even at a quarter of the x-ray dose. Conclusions: The flexibility of ASIR in combination with higher frequency algorithms, such as BONE, provided the greatest accuracy for conventional and low x-ray dose relative to FBP. Veo provided more modest improvement in qCT measures, likely due to its compatibility only with the smoother STD kernel.

  11. Cashew nut roasting: Chemical characterization of particulate matter and genotocixity analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oliveira Galvão, Marcos Felipe de; Melo Cabral, Thiago de; André, Paulo Afonso de; Fátima Andrade, Maria de; Miranda, Regina Maura de; Saldiva, Paulo Hilário Nascimento; Castro Vasconcellos, Pérola de; Batistuzzo de Medeiros, Silvia Regina

    2014-05-01

    Background: Particulate matter (PM) is potentially harmful to health and related to genotoxic events, an increase in the number of hospitalizations and mortality from respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. The present study conducted the first characterization of elemental composition and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) analysis of PM, as well as the biomonitoring of genotoxic activity associated to artisanal cashew nut roasting, an important economic and social activity worldwide. Methods: The levels of PM{sub 2.5} and black carbon were also measured by gravimetric analysis and light reflectance. The elemental composition was determined using X-ray fluorescence spectrometry and PAH analysis was carried out by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. Genotoxic activity was measured by the Tradescantia pallida micronucleus bioassay (Trad-MCN). Other biomarkers of DNA damage, such as nucleoplasmic bridges and nuclear fragments, were also quantified. Results: The mean amount of PM{sub 2.5} accumulated in the filters (January 2124.2 µg/m{sup 3}; May 1022.2 µg/m{sup 3}; September 1291.9 µg/m{sup 3}), black carbon (January 363.6 µg/m{sup 3}; May 70 µg/m{sup 3}; September 69.4 µg/m{sup 3}) and concentrations of Al, Si, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Se, Br and Pb were significantly higher than the non-exposed area. Biomass burning tracers K, Cl, and S were the major inorganic compounds found. Benzo[k]fluoranthene, indene[1,2,3-c,d]pyrene, benzo[ghi]perylene, phenanthrene and benzo[b]fluoranthene were the most abundant PAHs. Mean benzo[a]pyrene-equivalent carcinogenic power values showed a significant cancer risk. The Trad-MCN bioassay revealed an increase in micronucleus frequency, 2–7 times higher than the negative control and significantly higher in all the months analyzed, possibly related to the mutagenic PAHs found. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that artisanal cashew nut roasting is a serious occupational problem, with harmful effects on workers' health. Those involved in this activity are exposed to higher PM{sub 2.5} concentrations and to 12 PAHs considered potentially mutagenic and/or carcinogenic. The Trad-MCN with T. pallida was sensitive and efficient in evaluating the genotoxicity of the components and other nuclear alterations may be used as effective biomarkers of DNA damage. - Highlights: • The cashew nut roasting generated high concentrations of particulate matter fine. • The biomass burning tracers K, Cl, S were the major inorganic compounds found. • It was identified 12 PAHs considered to be potentially mutagenic and/or carcinogenic. • The genotoxic potential of this activity was confirmed by the Trad MCN assay. • This activity is a serious occupational problem with harmful effects to health workers.

  12. Meteorological and air quality impacts of increased urban albedo and vegetative cover in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taha, Haider; Hammer, Hillel; Akbari, Hashem

    2002-04-30

    The study described in this report is part of a project sponsored by the Toronto Atmospheric Fund, performed at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, to assess the potential role of surface property modifications on energy, meteorology, and air quality in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), Canada. Numerical models were used to establish the possible meteorological and ozone air-quality impacts of increased urban albedo and vegetative fraction, i.e., ''cool-city'' strategies that can mitigate the urban heat island (UHI), significantly reduce urban energy consumption, and improve thermal comfort, particularly during periods of hot weather in summer. Mitigation is even more important during critical heat wave periods with possible increased heat-related hospitalization and mortality. The evidence suggests that on an annual basis cool-city strategies are beneficial, and the implementation of such measures is currently being investigated in the U.S. and Canada. We simulated possible scenari os for urban heat-island mitigation in the GTA and investigated consequent meteorological changes, and also performed limited air-quality analysis to assess related impacts. The study was based on a combination of mesoscale meteorological modeling, Lagrangian (trajectory), and photochemical trajectory modeling to assess the potential meteorological and ozone air-quality impacts of cool-city strategies. As available air-quality and emissions data are incompatible with models currently in use at LBNL, our air-quality analysis was based on photochemical trajectory modeling. Because of questions as to the accuracy and appropriateness of this approach, in our opinion this aspect of the study can be improved in the future, and the air-quality results discussed in this report should be viewed as relatively qualitative. The MM5 meteorological model predicts a UHI in the order of 2 to 3 degrees C in locations of maxima, and about 1 degree C as a typical value over most of the urban area. Our si mulations suggest that cool-city strategies can typically reduce local urban air temperature by 0.5-1 degrees C; as more sporadic events, larger decreases (1.5 degrees C, 2.5-2.7 degrees C and 4-6 degrees C) were also simulated. With regard to ozone mixing ratios along the simulated trajectories, the effects of cool-city strategies appear to be on the order of 2 ppb, a typical decrease. The photochemical trajectory model (CIT) also simulates larger decreases (e.g., 4 to 8 ppb), but these are not taken as representative of the potential impacts in this report. A comparison with other simulations suggest very crudely that a decrease of this magnitude corresponds to significant ''equivalent'' decreases in both NOx and VOCs emissions in the region. Our preliminary results suggest that significant UHI control can be achieved with cool-cities strategies in the GTA and is therefore worth further study. We recommend that better input data and more accurate modeling schemes be used to carry out f uture studies in the same direction.

  13. From Bombs to Breast Cancer Imaging: Los Alamos National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martineau, Rebecca M

    2012-07-26

    In the United States, one in eight women will be affected by breast cancer. According to the American Cancer Society, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed - as well as the second most fatal - cancer in American women. It is estimated that there will be nearly 200,000 diagnoses of breast cancer this year; more than 40,000 of these will be fatal. Although advances in medical technologies have greatly increased the odds of surviving the disease, the increase in screenings has not resulted in a significant reduction in the breast cancer mortality rate. Moreover, recent studies have even suggested that an increase in these methods might, in itself, cause cancer. A new tool for early detection and diagnosis of breast cancer, supported by an award from the Breast Cancer Research Program (BCRP) of the Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs of Department of Defense, could give women a new advantage in the fight against breast cancer. This LANL-led project will integrate ultrasound tomography (UST) with recent discoveries in the field of cell and tissue biomechanics to improve breast cancer detection and characterization. UST uses ultrasound waves instead of X-rays to identify and characterize breast tumors. This technology reveals small mechanical-property changes within the breast. These changes are often the earliest signs of breast cancer. Additionally, UST is effective for women with dense breast tissue, who have a higher risk of developing breast cancer. Because the technology does not use radiation, UST can also be used as frequently as needed for women with a high risk of developing breast cancer. In contrast, mammography, the only routine breast-cancer screening tool currently available, is not effective for women with dense breast tissue and may come with unwanted side-effects caused by ionizing radiation. UST has great potential to become an alternative breast-cancer screening tool because of UST's advantages and benefits over mammography. Currently, there is fierce debate surrounding the age at which breast cancer screening should begin, and once begun, how often it should occur. The American Cancer Society recommends yearly mammograms starting at age 40. On the other hand, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends against routine so early. Rather, the Task Force recommends biennial mammography screening for women aged 50 to 74 years. The ten-year discrepancy in the onset of screening results from recent data suggesting that the frequent use of X-ray radiation during screenings could potentially increase the likelihood of developing cancer. This danger is increased by the low sensitivity and accuracy of mammograms, which sometimes require multiple screenings to yield results. Furthermore, mammograms are often not only inaccurate, but average appalling misdiagnoses rates: about 80% false positives and 15% false negatives. These misdiagnoses lead to unwarranted biopsies at an estimated health care cost of $2 billion per year, while at the same time, resulting in excessive cases of undetected cancer. As such, the National Cancer Institute recommends more studies on the advantages of types and frequency of screenings, as well as alternative screening options. The UST technology developed at LANL could be an alternative option to greatly improve the specificity and sensitivity of breast cancer screening without using ionizing radiation. LANL is developing high-resolution ultrasound tomography algorithms and a clinical ultrasound tomography scanner to conduct patient studies at the UNM Hospital. During UST scanning, the patient lies face-down while her breast, immersed in a tank of warm water, is scanned by phased-transducer arrays. UST uses recorded ultrasound signals to reconstruct a high-resolution three-dimensional image of the breast, showing the spatial distribution of mechanical properties within the breast. Breast cancers are detected by higher values of mechanical properties compared to surrounding tissues. Thus, high-resolution breast images obtained using LANL's novel UST algorithms ha

  14. IDEA Clean Energy Application Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thornton, Robert

    2013-09-30

    The DOE Clean Energy Application Centers were launched with a goal of focusing on important aspects of our nation’s energy supply including Efficiency, Reliability and Resiliency. Clean Energy solutions based on Combined Heat & Power (CHP), District Energy and Waste Heat Recovery are at the core of ensuring a reliable and efficient energy infrastructure for campuses, communities, and industry and public enterprises across the country. IDEA members which include colleges and universities, hospitals, airports, downtown utilities as well as manufacturers, suppliers and service providers have long-standing expertise in the planning, design, construction and operations of Clean Energy systems. They represent an established base of successful projects and systems at scale and serve important and critical energy loads. They also offer experience, lessons learned and best practices which are of immense value to the sustained growth of the Clean Energy sector. IDEA has been able to leverage the funds from the project award to raise the visibility, improve the understanding and increase deployment CHP, District Energy and Waste Heat Recovery solutions across the regions of our nation, in collaboration with the regional CEAC’s. On August 30, 2012, President Obama signed an Executive Order to accelerate investments in industrial energy efficiency (EE), including CHP and set a national goal of 40 GW of new CHP installation over the next decade IDEA is pleased to have been able to support this Executive Order in a variety of ways including raising awareness of the goal through educational workshops and Conferences and recognizing the installation of large scale CHP and district energy systems A supporting key area of collaboration has involved IDEA providing technical assistance on District Energy/CHP project screenings and feasibility to the CEAC’s for multi building, multi-use projects. The award was instrumental in the development of a first-order screening/feasibility tool for these types of community energy projects. The Excel based tool incorporates hourly climate based building loads data to arrive at the composite energy demand for the district and compares the Net Present Value (NPV) of the costs of CHP/DE alternatives. This tool has been used to provide assistance to several projects in the Northeast, Mid-Atlantic, Intermountain and Pacific Regions. The tool was disseminated to the CEACs and supplemented by a Training Webinar and a How to Guide IDEA produced a US Community Energy Development Guide to support mayors, planners, community leaders, real estate developers and economic development officials who are interested in planning more sustainable urban energy infrastructure, creating community energy master plans and implementing CHP/ District Energy systems in cities, communities and towns. IDEA has collected industry data and provided a comprehensive data set containing information on District Energy installations in the US. District energy systems are present in 49 states and the District of Columbia. Of the 597 systems 55% were DE alone while the remainder was some combination of CHP, district heating, and district cooling. District energy systems that do not currently involve electric generation are strong near-term candidates for the adoption of CHP due to the magnitude of their aggregated thermal load. This data has helped inform specific and targeted initiatives including technical assistance provided by the CEAC’s for EPA’s Boiler MACT Compliance by large District Heating System boilers. These outcomes have been greatly enabled by the close coordination and collaboration with DOE CEAC leadership and with the eight regional US DOE Clean Energy Application Centers and the award’s incremental funding has allowed IDEA to leverage our resources to be an effective champion for Clean Energy.

  15. Validation of the BERT Point Source Inversion Scheme Using the Joint Urban 2003 Tracer Experiment Dataset - Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brambilla, Sara [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brown, Michael J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-06-18

    A terrorist attack in a U.S. city utilizing biological weapons could have severe consequences. A biological agent could be aerosolized and emitted into the air in the middle of a city, invisibly traveling with the winds, and dosing an unknowing populace. The magnitude of the problem would only be revealed as sick people started arriving several days later at hospitals with symptoms, many already too ill to be saved. A national program has deployed a network of biological agent collectors in U.S. cities to provide early detection of a bio-weapon attack, thereby hastening medical intervention and potentially saving many thousands of lives. In fact, the most effective treatment takes place prior to infection or in its early stages and early warning might reduce the disease progression and, consequently, the possibility of an outbreak. If a biological attack were to occur in a city, one or more collectors may register hits with specific dosages and the city would be alerted that an attack had taken place. This piece of information alone, however, would not be enough to determine how serious the attack was, i.e., how much biological agent was released into the air and where the bio-plume traveled. The first responders and public health communities will want to know what regions were impacted, how many persons might get sick, which people most need medical supplies, and where to clean up. The law enforcement community will want to look for forensic evidence at the release location. The Bio-Agent Event Reconstruction Tool (BERT) has been developed in order to recreate what might have happened during an airborne biological agent attack based on biological agent collector measurements and wind collectors mounted around a city. The tool can be used to estimate possible release areas while eliminating other areas, and can estimate bounds on the amount of material released. The tool can then be used to project forward from the possible source areas to estimate potential hazard zones. Due to a unique source inversion technique - called the upwind collector footprint approach - the tool runs fast and the source regions can be determined in a few minutes. In this report, we provide an overview of the BERT framework, followed by a description of the source inversion technique. The Joint URBAN 2003 field experiment held in Oklahoma City that was used to validate BERT is then described. Subsequent sections describe the metrics used for evaluation, the comparison of the experimental data and BERT output, and under what conditions the BERT tool succeeds and performs poorly. Results are aggregated in different ways (e.g., daytime vs. nighttime releases, 1 vs. 2 vs. 3 hit collectors) to determine if BERT shows any systematic errors. Finally, recommendations are given for how to improve the code and procedures for optimizing performance in operational mode.

  16. Noninvasive Imaging of Administered Progenitor Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steven R Bergmann, M.D., Ph.D.

    2012-12-03

    The objective of this research grant was to develop an approach for labeling progenitor cells, specifically those that we had identified as being able to replace ischemic heart cells, so that the distribution could be followed non-invasively. In addition, the research was aimed at determining whether administration of progenitor cells resulted in improved myocardial perfusion and function. The efficiency and toxicity of radiolabeling of progenitor cells was to be evaluated. For the proposed clinical protocol, subjects with end-stage ischemic coronary artery disease were to undergo a screening cardiac positron emission tomography (PET) scan using N-13 ammonia to delineate myocardial perfusion and function. If they qualified based on their PET scan, they would undergo an in-hospital protocol whereby CD34+ cells were stimulated by the administration of granulocytes-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF). CD34+ cells would then be isolated by apharesis, and labeled with indium-111 oxine. Cells were to be re-infused and subjects were to undergo single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) scanning to evaluate uptake and distribution of labeled progenitor cells. Three months after administration of progenitor cells, a cardiac PET scan was to be repeated to evaluate changes in myocardial perfusion and/or function. Indium oxine is a radiopharmaceutical for labeling of autologous lymphocytes. Indium-111 (In-111) decays by electron capture with a t{sub ½} of 67.2 hours (2.8 days). Indium forms a saturated complex that is neutral, lipid soluble, and permeates the cell membrane. Within the cell, the indium-oxyquinolone complex labels via indium intracellular chelation. Following leukocyte labeling, ~77% of the In-111 is incorporated in the cell pellet. The presence of red cells and /or plasma reduces the labeling efficacy. Therefore, the product needed to be washed to eliminate plasma proteins. This repeated washing can damage cells. The CD34 selected product was a 90-99% pure population of leukocytes. Viability was assessed using Trypan blue histological analysis. We successfully isolated and labeled ~25-30 x 10{sup 7} CD34+ lymphocytes in cytokine mobilized progenitor cell apharesis harvests. Cells were also subjected to a stat gram stain to look for bacterial contamination, stat endotoxin LAL to look for endotoxin contamination, flow cytometry for evaluation of the purity of the cells and 14-day sterility culture. Colony forming assays confirm the capacity of these cells to proliferate and function ex-vivo with CFU-GM values of 26 colonies/ 1 x 10{sup 4} cells plated and 97% viability in cytokine augmented methylcellulose at 10-14 days in CO{sub 2} incubation. We developed a closed-processing system for the product labeling prior to infusion to maintain autologous cell integrity and sterility. Release criteria for the labeled product were documented for viability, cell count and differential, and measured radiolabel. We were successful in labeling the cells with up to 500 uCi/10{sup 8} cells, with viability of >98%. However, due to delays in getting the protocol approved by the FDA, the cells were not infused in humans in this location (although we did successfully use CD34+ cells in humans in a study in Australia). The approach developed should permit labeling of progenitor cells that can be administered to human subjects for tracking. The labeling approach should be useful for all progenitor cell types, although this would need to be verified since different cell lines may have differential radiosensitivity.

  17. Thermal Energy Corporation Combined Heat and Power Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    E. Bruce Turner; Tim Brown; Ed Mardiat

    2011-12-31

    To meet the planned heating and cooling load growth at the Texas Medical Center (TMC), Thermal Energy Corporation (TECO) implemented Phase 1 of a Master Plan to install an additional 32,000 tons of chilled water capacity, a 75,000 ton-hour (8.8 million gallon) Thermal Energy Storage (TES) tank, and a 48 MW Combined Heat and Power (CHP) system. The Department of Energy selected TMC for a $10 million grant award as part of the Financial Assistance Funding Opportunity Announcement, U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology, Recovery Act: Deployment of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Systems, District Energy Systems, Waste Energy Recovery Systems, and Efficiency Industrial Equipment Funding Opportunity Number: DE-FOA-0000044 to support the installation of a new 48 MW CHP system at the TMC located just outside downtown Houston. As the largest medical center in the world, TMC is home to many of the nationâ??s best hospitals, physicians, researchers, educational institutions, and health care providers. TMC provides care to approximately six million patients each year, and medical instruction to over 71,000 students. A medical center the size of TMC has enormous electricity and thermal energy demands to help it carry out its mission. Reliable, high-quality steam and chilled water are of utmost importance to the operations of its many facilities. For example, advanced medical equipment, laboratories, laundry facilities, space heating and cooling all rely on the generation of heat and power. As result of this project TECO provides this mission critical heating and cooling to TMC utilizing a system that is both energy-efficient and reliable since it provides the capability to run on power independent of the already strained regional electric grid. This allows the medical center to focus on its primary mission â?? providing top quality medical care and instruction â?? without worrying about excessive energy costs or the loss of heating and cooling due to the risk of power outages. TECOâ??s operation is the largest Chilled Water District Energy System in the United States. The company used DOEâ??s funding to help install a new high efficiency CHP system consisting of a Combustion Turbine and a Heat Recovery Steam Generator. This CHP installation was just part of a larger project undertaken by TECO to ensure that it can continue to meet TMCâ??s growing needs. The complete efficiency overhaul that TECO undertook supported more than 1,000 direct and indirect jobs in manufacturing, engineering, and construction, with approximately 400 of those being jobs directly associated with construction of the combined heat and power plant. This showcase industrial scale CHP project, serving a critical component of the nationâ??s healthcare infrastructure, directly and immediately supported the energy efficiency and job creation goals established by ARRA and DOE. It also provided an unsurpassed model of a district energy CHP application that can be replicated within other energy intensive applications in the industrial, institutional and commercial sectors.

  18. Analysis of combined hydrogen, heat, and power as a bridge to a hydrogen transition.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahalik, M.; Stephan, C.

    2011-01-18

    Combined hydrogen, heat, and power (CHHP) technology is envisioned as a means to providing heat and electricity, generated on-site, to large end users, such as hospitals, hotels, and distribution centers, while simultaneously producing hydrogen as a by-product. The hydrogen can be stored for later conversion to electricity, used on-site (e.g., in forklifts), or dispensed to hydrogen-powered vehicles. Argonne has developed a complex-adaptive-system model, H2CAS, to simulate how vehicles and infrastructure can evolve in a transition to hydrogen. This study applies the H2CAS model to examine how CHHP technology can be used to aid the transition to hydrogen. It does not attempt to predict the future or provide one forecast of system development. Rather, the purpose of the model is to understand how the system works. The model uses a 50- by 100-mile rectangular grid of 1-square-mile cells centered on the Los Angeles metropolitan area. The major expressways are incorporated into the model, and local streets are considered to be ubiquitous, except where there are natural barriers. The model has two types of agents. Driver agents are characterized by a number of parameters: home and job locations, income, various types of 'personalities' reflective of marketing distinctions (e.g., innovators, early adopters), willingness to spend extra money on 'green' vehicles, etc. At the beginning of the simulations, almost all driver agents own conventional vehicles. They drive around the metropolitan area, commuting to and from work and traveling to various other destinations. As they do so, they observe the presence or absence of facilities selling hydrogen. If they find such facilities conveniently located along their routes, they are motivated to purchase a hydrogen-powered vehicle when it becomes time to replace their present vehicle. Conversely, if they find that they would be inconvenienced by having to purchase hydrogen earlier than necessary or if they become worried that they would run out of fuel before encountering a facility, their motivation to purchase a hydrogen-powered vehicle decreases. At vehicle purchase time, they weigh this experience, as well as other factors such as social influence by their peers, fuel cost, and capital cost of a hydrogen vehicle. Investor agents build full-service hydrogen fueling stations (HFSs) at different locations along the highway network. They base their decision to build or not build a station on their (imperfect) estimates of the sales the station would immediately generate (based on hydrogen-powered vehicle traffic past the location and other factors), as well as the growth in hydrogen sales they could expect throughout their investment horizon. The interaction between driver and investor agents provides the basis for growth in both the number of hydrogen vehicles and number of hydrogen stations. For the present report, we have added to this mix smaller, 'bare-bones' hydrogen dispensing facilities (HDFs) of the type that owners of CHHP facilities could provide to the public. The locations of these stations were chosen to match existing facilities that might reasonably incorporate CHHP plants in the future. Unlike the larger commercial stations, these facilities are built according to exogenously supplied timetables, and no attempt has been made to model the financial basis for the facilities. Rather, our objective is to understand how the presence of these additional stations might facilitate the petroleum-to-hydrogen transition. We discuss a base case in which the HDFs are not present, and then investigate the effects of introducing HDFs in various numbers; according to different timetables; with various production capacities; and with hydrogen selling at prices above, equal to, and below the commercial stations selling price. We conclude that HDFs can indeed be helpful in accelerating a petroleum-to-hydrogen transition. Placed in areas where investors might not be willing to install large for-profit HFSs, HDFs can serve as a bridge until demand for hydrogen increases to the point where l

  19. Session 70 - Panel: Consequence Management of a Radiological Dispersion Device

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Demmer, Rick; Lenox, Dave; Wilson, Pete; Schumann, Jean; Honerlah, Hans; Chen, S.Y.; Gwiazdowski, Gene

    2006-07-01

    This was an unusual panel session in that the panelists did not give presentations but responded to a tabletop exercise where they postulated decisions necessary after radiological dispersal device detonation event (dirty bomb). Articles in the daily WM'06 newsletter sought to prepare the participants for a simulated exercise involving the sighting of a known terrorist and the theft of radiological materials. During the slide presentation (in the form of a developing television news broadcast) the audience played decision makers and their 'votes' were tallied for multiple choice decisions and questions. After that was completed, the expert panel was asked to give their best responses for those decisions. The audience was allowed to ask questions and to give opinions as the panel responded. During the exercise the session co-chairs alternated announcing the events as they unfolded in the exercise and polled the audience using multiple-choice options for decisions to be made during the event. The answers to those questions were recorded and compared to the panelists' answers. The event chronology and decisions (audience questions) are shown in this report. - An explosion was reported at the Tucson International Airport (9:35 am). 1. Who is in charge? - Witnesses report 10-20 fatalities, 50 injured and massive damage to the airport, no cause determined yet (9:55 am). 2. IC's Next Action Should Be? - KRAD (local television station) Investigative News Reporters interviewed witnesses that observed a 25 foot U-Haul truck pull up onto the departure ramp just moments before the explosion (10:02 am). Terrorism has not been ruled out. 3. When is the incident declared a potential crime scene? - City of Tucson IC has ordered an evacuation of the airport to a holding area at a nearby long term parking area (10:10 am). No information has been given as to why the evacuation took place. The explosion is suspected to contain chemical, biological or radiological agents. County and State emergency operations centers have been activated. 4. Terrorism is suspected; next action is? - KRAD News has just learned that elevated levels of radiation have been detected at the airport and by the University of Arizona remote detectors (10:17 am). A 'dirty bomb' is now suspected. 5. What should the IC do next? - KRAD reporters have learned that dose rates are approximately 7.5 mR/hr gamma radiation in the short-term parking area (10:28 am). Experts attending a conference at the Tucson Convention Center state that these levels are not life threatening, but well above acceptable levels. 6. What does the IC do next? 7. Who is the coordinating agency? - Forensics indicate that the radioactive material used in the explosion at the Tucson Airport is apparently a mixture of high jacked low level waste from a nuclear facility and stolen radiation sources for medical or industrial purposes (11:21 am). The origin of the waste material is from an audience member's plant (assume it is your own material). 8. Who is responsible for surveys and characterization? 9. Who is responsible for the decontamination? 10. Where are the injured and contaminated victims treated? KRAD learned from the University of Arizona that the plume from the 'dirty bomb' elevated radiation levels above approved levels over a 3 square mile area downwind of the Tucson Airport (1:13 pm). People in the affected area are checking in at emergency rooms at the hospital to learn if they're in danger of radiation health affects. Gridlock has set in as panicked people are either leaving the area or headed for emergency rooms. 11. What should be done to help mitigate fears? DHS raises the National Terrorism Alert to Code Red (late afternoon). 12. What should your nuclear facility do next? 13. KRAD reporter contacts you at your nuclear facility and asks, 'Since title to the waste remains with your company, will your company cover the cost of the terrorist event including all decontamination and medical expenses? The results of the question were very interesting and stimulated quite a bit of discussion am

  20. 11,23,1,1,,19,10,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","ELLSWORTH",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,2941,0,0,3518,0,0,4870,0,0,1732,0,0,3252,0,0,2193,0,0,134,0,0,447,0,0,465,0,0,538,0,0,4295,0,0,3601,0,0,1469,6,50159,"WAT","HY"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    NAD_UTIL","FILLER","EFFDATE","STATUS","MULTIST","YEAR","GEN01","CON01","STK01","GEN02","CON02","STK02","GEN03","CON03","STK03","GEN04","CON04","STK04","GEN05","CON05","STK05","GEN06","CON06","STK06","GEN07","CON07","STK07","GEN08","CON08","STK08","GEN09","CON09","STK09","GEN10","CON10","STK10","GEN11","CON11","STK11","GEN12","CON12","STK12","PCODE","NERC","UTILCODE","FUELDESC","PMDESC" 11,23,1,1,,19,10,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","ELLSWORTH",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,2941,0,0,3518,0,0,4870,0,0,1732,0,0,3252,0,0,2193,0,0,134,0,0,447,0,0,465,0,0,538,0,0,4295,0,0,3601,0,0,1469,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,15,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","HOWLAND",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,772,0,0,858,0,0,1012,0,0,727,0,0,1061,0,0,917,0,0,385,0,0,118,0,0,0,0,0,657,0,0,905,0,0,820,0,0,1472,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,30,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","MEDWAY",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,2116,0,0,1715,0,0,1459,0,0,1821,0,0,1946,0,0,2134,0,0,2157,0,0,1797,0,0,1745,0,0,1829,0,0,2224,0,0,2386,0,0,1474,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,3,2,19,30,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","MEDWAY",0,"LIGHT OIL",1179,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,553,181,307,419,0,0,593,31,55,538,66,120,418,219,399,383,324,598,481,313,579,614,97,178,575,1,2,573,0,0,608,98,171,611,1474,6,50159,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,19,35,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","MILFORD",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,3843,0,0,3348,0,0,4177,0,0,3759,0,0,4855,0,0,4740,0,0,2971,0,0,2432,0,0,1786,0,0,1561,0,0,3510,0,0,4606,0,0,1475,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,45,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","ORONO",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,895,0,0,836,0,0,966,0,0,576,0,0,624,0,0,736,0,0,684,0,0,464,0,0,408,0,0,616,0,0,849,0,0,896,0,0,1476,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,55,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","STILLWATER",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,1191,0,0,844,0,0,939,0,0,1021,0,0,1114,0,0,1181,0,0,1170,0,0,878,0,0,818,0,0,880,0,0,923,0,0,950,0,0,1478,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,60,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","VEAZIE A",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,4314,0,0,3855,0,0,5043,0,0,5153,0,0,6053,0,0,5342,0,0,3542,0,0,2651,0,0,2281,0,0,3932,0,0,5128,0,0,3842,0,0,1479,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,62,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","VEAZIE B",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7199,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,3,2,19,68,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","BAR HARBOR",0,"LIGHT OIL",1179,"0A",1294,,,95,42,73,538,379,659,574,0,0,574,73,128,446,69,125,512,225,420,440,312,579,556,449,813,455,32,60,586,49,89,497,6,10,487,152,264,571,1466,6,50159,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,3,2,19,75,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","EASTPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",1179,"0A",1294,,,95,39,70,576,80,139,412,0,0,586,10,18,557,32,58,494,111,204,464,172,317,495,182,334,509,19,36,472,0,0,470,15,29,429,67,117,460,1468,6,50159,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,37,5,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","ANDROSCOG 3",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,2536,0,0,2573,0,0,2732,0,0,2703,0,0,2639,0,0,2235,0,0,2379,0,0,2201,0,0,1657,0,0,2352,0,0,2282,0,0,2805,0,0,1480,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,10,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BAR MILLS",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,2420,0,0,1389,0,0,2414,0,0,2364,0,0,2584,0,0,1195,0,0,623,0,0,586,0,0,293,0,0,1310,0,0,2401,0,0,2056,0,0,1481,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,20,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BONNY EAGLE",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,6041,0,0,3654,0,0,5858,0,0,5255,0,0,4575,0,0,2217,0,0,1233,0,0,1084,0,0,592,0,0,3323,0,0,7098,0,0,4100,0,0,1482,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,40,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","CATARACT",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,5330,0,0,4194,0,0,4953,0,0,4656,0,0,4888,0,0,5331,0,0,818,0,0,662,0,0,102,0,0,2232,0,0,5064,0,0,4090,0,0,1486,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,42,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","CONTINENTAL",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,-14,0,0,-15,0,0,322,0,0,72,0,0,147,0,0,12,0,0,3,0,0,13,0,0,15,0,0,109,0,0,555,0,0,-18,0,0,1487,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,50,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","DEER RIP 1",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,2694,0,0,2434,0,0,4080,0,0,3776,0,0,4034,0,0,2023,0,0,686,0,0,215,0,0,83,0,0,1916,0,0,3984,0,0,3453,0,0,1488,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,60,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","FT HALIFAX",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,959,0,0,424,0,0,1026,0,0,961,0,0,925,0,0,526,0,0,51,0,0,5,0,0,155,0,0,380,0,0,977,0,0,659,0,0,1490,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,75,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","GULF ISLAND",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,10764,0,0,9131,0,0,13512,0,0,13282,0,0,13485,0,0,8299,0,0,5537,0,0,4070,0,0,2892,0,0,9130,0,0,15549,0,0,11464,0,0,1491,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,80,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","HARRIS",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,14325,0,0,24479,0,0,22937,0,0,6538,0,0,5448,0,0,21283,0,0,13285,0,0,11928,0,0,12813,0,0,10770,0,0,19708,0,0,26783,0,0,1492,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,85,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","HIRAM",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,5791,0,0,3447,0,0,5873,0,0,6762,0,0,6516,0,0,2778,0,0,1397,0,0,1182,0,0,155,0,0,2992,0,0,7160,0,0,4285,0,0,1493,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,90,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 2",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,1280,0,0,585,0,0,1625,0,0,606,0,0,869,0,0,350,0,0,2,0,0,-1,0,0,9,0,0,710,0,0,1668,0,0,745,0,0,1497,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,95,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 3",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,753,0,0,330,0,0,977,0,0,349,0,0,507,0,0,180,0,0,0,0,0,-6,0,0,0,0,0,414,0,0,1038,0,0,416,0,0,1498,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,100,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 4",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,405,0,0,183,0,0,451,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1499,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,105,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 5",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,699,0,0,292,0,0,0,0,0,378,0,0,0,0,0,203,0,0,13,0,0,9,0,0,4,0,0,408,0,0,923,0,0,390,0,0,1500,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,110,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","NO GORHAM",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,1215,0,0,963,0,0,842,0,0,520,0,0,455,0,0,503,0,0,595,0,0,604,0,0,413,0,0,340,0,0,740,0,0,1180,0,0,1501,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,125,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","SHAWMUT",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,5226,0,0,5495,0,0,6547,0,0,5776,0,0,5295,0,0,4910,0,0,3475,0,0,2346,0,0,2571,0,0,3529,0,0,4803,0,0,6066,0,0,1504,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,130,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","SKELTON",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,13276,0,0,8614,0,0,12134,0,0,11304,0,0,11550,0,0,5199,0,0,2833,0,0,2610,0,0,687,0,0,6731,0,0,13037,0,0,9456,0,0,1505,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,145,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WEST BUXTON",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,4424,0,0,2556,0,0,4381,0,0,3723,0,0,3292,0,0,1602,0,0,798,0,0,745,0,0,418,0,0,1944,0,0,4334,0,0,3045,0,0,1508,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,150,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WESTON",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,8095,0,0,8443,0,0,9513,0,0,8520,0,0,7843,0,0,7850,0,0,5819,0,0,4618,0,0,4257,0,0,5361,0,0,7925,0,0,9347,0,0,1509,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,155,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WILLIAMS",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,9171,0,0,9162,0,0,10255,0,0,6585,0,0,7543,0,0,8658,0,0,6098,0,0,5593,0,0,5308,0,0,5891,0,0,8857,0,0,10646,0,0,1510,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,160,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WYMAN HYDRO",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,30298,0,0,37016,0,0,38382,0,0,18735,0,0,24745,0,0,31774,0,0,20433,0,0,17564,0,0,16353,0,0,19735,0,0,40234,0,0,38504,0,0,1511,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,4,2,37,175,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","CAPE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,,,95,40,282,7937,40,336,7601,-57,44,7557,-40,24,7533,5,162,7371,38,208,7316,611,1872,6581,497,1571,5887,-24,32,5855,-32,27,5828,-45,25,5803,-25,145,5552,1484,6,50491,"FO2","GT" 11,23,1,2,2,37,200,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WYMAN STEAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,,,95,707,1587,1149,810,1542,1579,117,264,1534,980,1825,1680,366,883,1468,854,1640,1807,783,1460,2327,653,1307,1677,115,266,1410,20,76,1335,486,1282,2039,604,1177,2212,1507,6,50491,"FO2","ST" 11,23,1,2,3,37,200,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WYMAN STEAM",0,"HEAVY OIL",3266,"0M",1294,,,95,47051,97029,319010,122493,214459,275338,22777,47240,228098,127804,222606,207728,22560,50003,278752,79660,140051,253816,153893,263859,173676,74046,134076,202289,16596,35140,288543,3258,10955,197963,18538,44437,353526,107031,192190,308382,1507,6,50491,"FO6","ST" 11,23,1,3,2,37,204,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","ISLESBORO",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1494,6,50491,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,3,2,37,206,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","PEAK IS",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1502,6,50491,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,37,210,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BRUNSWICK",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,7964,0,0,6898,0,0,11266,0,0,10237,0,0,10095,0,0,6009,0,0,3698,0,0,2974,0,0,2429,0,0,6541,0,0,12216,0,0,8541,0,0,1483,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,215,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","W CHANNEL",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,-33,0,0,-20,0,0,-22,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-21,0,0,-1,0,0,19,0,0,-11,0,0,-22,0,0,695,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,220,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BATES UPPER",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,-41,0,0,-34,0,0,610,0,0,144,0,0,273,0,0,15,0,0,1,0,0,15,0,0,18,0,0,217,0,0,4223,0,0,-30,0,0,7044,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,225,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BATES LOWER",0,,3266,"0M",1294,"S",,95,-17,0,0,-16,0,0,-8,0,0,-2,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-1,0,0,-3,0,0,-17,0,0,7045,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,235,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","ANDRO LOWER",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,23,0,0,-11,0,0,21,0,0,-2,0,0,12,0,0,0,0,0,-1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,5,0,0,38,0,0,-14,0,0,7047,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,240,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","HILL MILL",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,-3,0,0,-2,0,0,183,0,0,-6,0,0,60,0,0,2,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,105,0,0,467,0,0,-6,0,0,7048,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,245,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","C E MONTY",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,11840,0,0,10124,0,0,14280,0,0,13297,0,0,13808,0,0,8324,0,0,5496,0,0,4271,0,0,3199,0,0,9333,0,0,15686,0,0,12247,0,0,805,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,250,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","SMELT HILL",0,,3266,"0M",294,"A",,95,0,0,0,400,0,0,352,0,0,239,0,0,180,0,0,162,0,0,191,0,0,178,0,0,-608,0,0,766,0,0,224,0,0,283,0,0,7514,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,2,"B",37,255,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","AROOSTOOK V",0,"WOOD",3266,"0M",294,"A",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,165,0,0,134,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7513,6,50491,"WD","ST" 11,23,1,1,,94,5,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","CARIBOU",0,,11522,"0M",1294,,,95,454,0,0,469,0,0,519,0,0,451,0,0,454,0,0,410,0,0,48,0,0,1,0,0,-2,0,0,178,0,0,536,0,0,504,0,0,1513,6,51747,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,2,3,94,5,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","CARIBOU",0,"HEAVY OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,343,903,9375,592,1410,7984,-32,0,8005,-29,0,7995,-26,6,8015,-27,4,8057,-26,0,8067,222,644,7448,-28,0,7396,-29,0,7390,857,1841,5557,2237,4973,2370,1513,6,51747,"FO6","ST" 11,23,1,3,2,94,5,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","CARIBOU",0,"LIGHT OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,50,251,1746,5,143,1693,-65,0,1583,78,225,1932,-18,17,1865,-9,6,1829,38,115,1683,233,500,1802,86,210,1776,-6,65,2071,-56,28,1948,244,599,2098,1513,6,51747,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,94,10,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","SQUA PAN",0,,11522,"0M",1294,,,95,115,0,0,363,0,0,152,0,0,-10,0,0,-7,0,0,-3,0,0,-3,0,0,-4,0,0,-6,0,0,-7,0,0,3,0,0,223,0,0,1516,6,51747,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,3,2,94,23,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","FLOS INN",0,"LIGHT OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,27,115,314,19,82,232,-29,0,232,19,79,373,-23,2,371,-16,0,371,13,80,290,124,284,232,74,135,323,-3,51,272,-25,8,264,217,451,388,1514,6,51747,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,3,2,94,25,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","HOULTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,6,28,13,-8,1,12,-8,2,10,-8,0,10,-6,0,10,-3,0,10,-2,0,10,-3,0,10,-3,0,10,-4,0,11,-4,2,8,14,34,6,1515,6,51747,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,2,1,97,1,"MAINE YANKEE ATOMIC PWR C","MAIN YANKEE",0,"NUCLEAR",11525,"0M",1294,,,95,197577,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1517,6,51748,"UR","ST" 11,23,1,3,2,116,10,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SWANS FALLS",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,"R",180,95,-7,0,2,-7,0,2,-6,0,2,-3,0,2,-2,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-3,0,2,0,0,0,1518,6,52411,"FO2","IC" 11,23,5,1,,525,1,"LEWISTON (CITY OF)","ANDRO UPPER",0,,10963,"0A",1294,,,95,296,0,0,378,0,0,310,0,0,424,0,0,264,0,0,390,0,0,256,0,0,258,0,0,304,0,0,270,0,0,342,0,0,324,0,0,7046,6,54168,"WAT","HY" 11,23,5,1,,566,1,"MADISON (CITY OF)","NORRIDGEWCK",0,,11477,"0A",1294,,,95,306,0,0,241,0,0,261,0,0,291,0,0,379,0,0,277,0,0,75,0,0,0,0,0,26,0,0,121,0,0,197,0,0,224,0,0,6701,6,51737,"WAT","HY" 11,23,8,3,2,835,5,"EASTERN MAINE ELEC COOP","PORTABLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",5609,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6366,6,50848,"FO2","IC" 11,23,8,3,2,940,1,"SWANS ISLAND ELEC COOP","MINTURN",0,"LIGHT OIL",18368,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1550,6,52863,"FO2","IC" 12,33,1,1,,106,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","COMERFORD",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,34273,0,0,19125,0,0,43429,0,0,11874,0,0,22700,0,0,13853,0,0,5565,0,0,11061,0,0,5412,0,0,30636,0,0,45527,0,0,18948,0,0,2349,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,10,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","MCINDOES",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4420,0,0,3434,0,0,6350,0,0,3330,0,0,4648,0,0,2664,0,0,1453,0,0,2497,0,0,1353,0,0,4755,0,0,7050,0,0,3740,0,0,6483,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,13,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","S C MOORE",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,29434,0,0,15866,0,0,34014,0,0,9521,0,0,19359,0,0,12124,0,0,4787,0,0,9805,0,0,4357,0,0,27013,0,0,40020,0,0,16551,0,0,2351,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,15,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","VERNON",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,7120,0,0,5523,0,0,9186,0,0,7993,0,0,7582,0,0,3197,0,0,1355,0,0,2525,0,0,19,0,0,5912,0,0,9702,0,0,7342,0,0,2352,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,20,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","WILDER",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,1974,0,0,3326,0,0,18722,0,0,7773,0,0,8911,0,0,4713,0,0,4047,0,0,5176,0,0,2849,0,0,9330,0,0,12667,0,0,7471,0,0,2353,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,2,1,123,1,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SEABROOK",0,"NUCLEAR",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,857441,0,0,778373,0,0,863021,0,0,832472,0,0,865152,0,0,495425,0,0,690261,0,0,805711,0,0,800410,0,0,828658,0,0,60958,0,0,501494,0,0,6115,6,52411,"UR","ST" 12,33,1,1,,123,4,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","AMOSKEAG",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,10690,0,0,7028,0,0,11425,0,0,749,0,0,15769,0,0,4245,0,0,2251,0,0,3257,0,0,434,0,0,5760,0,0,11044,0,0,6264,0,0,2354,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,6,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","AYERS IS",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,3909,0,0,2249,0,0,4743,0,0,3555,0,0,4487,0,0,1520,0,0,1448,0,0,1727,0,0,380,0,0,3303,0,0,5711,0,0,2632,0,0,2355,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,16,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","EASTMAN FLS",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,2843,0,0,1293,0,0,2781,0,0,2587,0,0,2725,0,0,1214,0,0,1763,0,0,10079,0,0,-9794,0,0,1729,0,0,3266,0,0,1701,0,0,2356,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,20,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","GARVIN FLS",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,5209,0,0,3143,0,0,5693,0,0,4388,0,0,3956,0,0,2019,0,0,755,0,0,1667,0,0,350,0,0,3233,0,0,6336,0,0,3913,0,0,2357,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,22,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","GORHAM",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,989,0,0,1031,0,0,1249,0,0,885,0,0,1193,0,0,756,0,0,568,0,0,530,0,0,580,0,0,864,0,0,1116,0,0,1202,0,0,2358,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,28,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","HOOKSETT",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,787,0,0,865,0,0,912,0,0,1164,0,0,1141,0,0,791,0,0,156,0,0,317,0,0,43,0,0,751,0,0,952,0,0,776,0,0,2359,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,30,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","JACKMAN",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,1997,0,0,535,0,0,1239,0,0,236,0,0,557,0,0,305,0,0,191,0,0,722,0,0,-8,0,0,1339,0,0,2326,0,0,864,0,0,2360,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,50,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SMITH STA",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,8143,0,0,9737,0,0,11648,0,0,6108,0,0,8349,0,0,6172,0,0,4454,0,0,4871,0,0,3742,0,0,6861,0,0,10860,0,0,10308,0,0,2368,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,4,2,123,57,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","LOST NATION",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-15,0,2159,79,306,1853,-15,0,1853,-12,0,1853,42,125,1728,50,140,1587,209,595,1527,275,828,1235,-11,0,1235,-11,0,1235,-10,0,1235,111,338,1076,2362,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,2,2,123,59,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","MERRIMACK",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,27,45,275,16,29,156,22,38,180,23,38,218,0,0,0,29,52,151,6,14,205,30,55,180,52,96,222,62,108,185,57,96,176,20,35,176,2364,6,52411,"FO2","ST" 12,33,1,2,6,123,59,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","MERRIMACK",0,"BIT COAL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,266403,101539,253077,274308,103830,266334,256612,98157,263978,216443,80934,278945,76504,17154,315133,246563,95683,297713,281671,111493,247571,263463,95839,235114,181335,71786,264069,207269,81066,275589,253852,96425,269715,287608,108204,247069,2364,6,52411,"BIT","ST" 12,33,1,4,2,123,59,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","MERRIMACK",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-47,0,3032,411,1048,3032,-21,0,1984,-18,0,1984,112,282,1702,122,334,1367,613,1576,1494,582,1554,2033,-14,0,2033,-11,20,2013,-20,0,2013,242,603,1411,2364,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,2,3,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"HEAVY OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,1350,2702,31413,820,1554,92325,2073,4352,187620,1454,2823,184796,1826,3479,189663,2478,4626,184835,4062,7903,176932,2011,4193,53637,1321,2911,170000,1885,4329,165671,5233,10859,154812,3538,6785,118334,2367,6,52411,"FO6","ST" 12,33,1,2,6,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"BIT COAL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,53534,27148,87087,68779,32692,50318,47008,24972,52027,65230,33724,53967,55312,27020,32185,49976,24400,75043,55074,26887,62380,30313,18396,42154,18241,9931,51974,16092,9642,54786,30357,16856,90418,65541,32424,72200,2367,6,52411,"BIT","ST" 12,33,1,4,2,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-13,0,804,95,260,723,-12,0,723,-9,0,723,57,118,604,-7,0,604,90,262,723,242,963,714,-7,0,714,0,0,714,-9,0,714,120,301,794,2367,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,4,9,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"NAT GAS",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,19,240,0,12,140,0,24,310,0,25,300,0,22,264,0,17,210,0,219,2700,0,121,2803,0,14,190,0,15,220,0,24,320,0,22,260,0,2367,6,52411,"NG","GT" 12,33,1,4,2,123,70,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","WHITE LAKE",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-17,0,2383,97,350,2033,-14,4,2029,-7,0,2029,48,94,1935,136,341,1595,147,405,1763,357,924,1410,-3,0,1410,-3,0,1410,-13,0,1410,-6,129,1281,2369,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,2,2,123,72,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","NEWINGTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,2141,4247,1577,1729,3274,1766,1111,2327,1824,1584,4149,1209,1580,3072,1209,1589,3168,1640,1162,2239,1856,1703,3313,1598,1134,2258,1388,173,817,1751,1894,3703,1630,507,3096,1651,8002,6,52411,"FO2","ST" 12,33,1,2,3,123,72,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","NEWINGTON",0,"HEAVY OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,73391,138116,328850,119485,206586,321529,32827,62816,434361,89003,159420,245596,100291,177704,321055,73382,134661,317462,125529,216497,100965,57182,118647,2305699,45699,82009,405756,1560,6611,399144,100544,177099,222046,136392,231245,388270,8002,6,52411,"FO6","ST" 12,33,1,2,9,123,72,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","NEWINGTON",0,"NAT GAS",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,1463,17053,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,35353,394385,0,45744,527451,0,57696,624462,0,48968,544320,0,10747,122302,0,57,1545,0,742,8312,0,0,0,0,8002,6,52411,"NG","ST" 13,50,1,1,,22,2,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","ARNOLD FLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,112,0,0,27,0,0,168,0,0,290,0,0,100,0,0,18,0,0,33,0,0,37,0,0,17,0,0,172,0,0,245,0,0,135,0,0,3707,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,10,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","CAVENDISH",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,534,0,0,309,0,0,847,0,0,607,0,0,267,0,0,83,0,0,0,0,0,134,0,0,-3,0,0,391,0,0,928,0,0,383,0,0,3710,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,11,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","CLARKS FLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1404,0,0,1026,0,0,1689,0,0,1865,0,0,1729,0,0,855,0,0,596,0,0,1076,0,0,567,0,0,1648,0,0,1970,0,0,1412,0,0,3711,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,15,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","FAIRFAX",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1873,0,0,1589,0,0,2321,0,0,2516,0,0,2499,0,0,1241,0,0,878,0,0,1432,0,0,744,0,0,2114,0,0,2573,0,0,2233,0,0,3712,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,16,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","GAGE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,221,0,0,24,0,0,244,0,0,307,0,0,290,0,0,73,0,0,85,0,0,38,0,0,48,0,0,305,0,0,523,0,0,226,0,0,3713,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,18,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","GLEN",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1041,0,0,605,0,0,731,0,0,367,0,0,238,0,0,98,0,0,83,0,0,323,0,0,183,0,0,629,0,0,1307,0,0,401,0,0,3714,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,22,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","LW MIDLEBRY",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,725,0,0,534,0,0,1054,0,0,920,0,0,550,0,0,286,0,0,79,0,0,150,0,0,104,0,0,524,0,0,1220,0,0,492,0,0,3716,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,26,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","MILTON",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,3538,0,0,2446,0,0,4215,0,0,4336,0,0,3864,0,0,1806,0,0,1204,0,0,2514,0,0,1210,0,0,4046,0,0,4879,0,0,3192,0,0,3717,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,28,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PASSUMPSIC",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,315,0,0,97,0,0,378,0,0,435,0,0,415,0,0,90,0,0,51,0,0,150,0,0,94,0,0,370,0,0,434,0,0,44,0,0,3718,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,30,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PATCH",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,107,0,0,58,0,0,59,0,0,21,0,0,7,0,0,5,0,0,5,0,0,28,0,0,7,0,0,42,0,0,158,0,0,30,0,0,3719,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,34,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PIERCE MLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,113,0,0,81,0,0,121,0,0,180,0,0,161,0,0,59,0,0,47,0,0,47,0,0,17,0,0,102,0,0,181,0,0,116,0,0,3721,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,36,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PITTSFORD",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1275,0,0,941,0,0,158,0,0,47,0,0,-2,0,0,9,0,0,0,0,0,489,0,0,354,0,0,726,0,0,1999,0,0,679,0,0,3722,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,38,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","SALISBURY",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,325,0,0,210,0,0,191,0,0,62,0,0,141,0,0,65,0,0,25,0,0,72,0,0,111,0,0,88,0,0,-6,0,0,303,0,0,3724,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,40,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","SILVER LAKE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,800,0,0,508,0,0,722,0,0,405,0,0,402,0,0,227,0,0,103,0,0,275,0,0,84,0,0,500,0,0,973,0,0,535,0,0,3725,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,41,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","TAFTSVILLE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,150,0,0,135,0,0,208,0,0,200,0,0,119,0,0,12,0,0,0,0,0,17,0,0,-1,0,0,55,0,0,175,0,0,162,0,0,3727,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,44,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","WEYBRIDGE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1391,0,0,616,0,0,1819,0,0,1459,0,0,991,0,0,370,0,0,156,0,0,354,0,0,167,0,0,1042,0,0,2031,0,0,856,0,0,3728,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,45,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PETERSON",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,2522,0,0,1281,0,0,3601,0,0,3092,0,0,2335,0,0,1090,0,0,702,0,0,1605,0,0,681,0,0,2814,0,0,4021,0,0,1742,0,0,3720,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,4,2,22,48,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","RUTLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,13,125,4525,45,327,4198,40,218,3979,19,143,3836,20,127,3709,101,381,3328,272,898,2430,277,932,1498,34,167,3475,-8,46,3429,32,195,3234,152,651,2583,3723,6,50503,"FO2","GT" 13,50,1,4,2,22,49,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","ASCUTNEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,27,136,2572,77,326,2246,69,300,1946,18,96,1851,8,65,1786,41,144,1641,268,895,2175,226,765,1409,-1,38,3277,-15,0,3277,-3,71,3206,88,353,2853,3708,6,50503,"FO2","GT" 13,50,1,3,2,22,60,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","ST ALBANS",0,"LIGHT OIL",3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,-14,0,89,5,38,214,-11,4,210,-10,5,205,7,17,188,21,40,148,72,149,234,59,123,111,-1,2,110,-3,0,110,-6,0,108,9,42,236,3726,6,50503,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,22,65,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","SMITH",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,361,0,0,154,0,0,495,0,0,658,0,0,519,0,0,163,0,0,121,0,0,123,0,0,72,0,0,258,0,0,692,0,0,170,0,0,3709,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,70,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","EAST BARNET",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,595,0,0,399,0,0,900,0,0,1046,0,0,922,0,0,325,0,0,322,0,0,358,0,0,203,0,0,790,0,0,1148,0,0,702,0,0,788,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,24,5,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","CHARLESTON",0,,3611,"0A",1294,,,95,339,0,0,244,0,0,393,0,0,445,0,0,409,0,0,252,0,0,154,0,0,192,0,0,90,0,0,382,0,0,461,0,0,314,0,0,3729,6,50560,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,24,10,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","NEWPORT",0,,3611,"0A",1294,,,95,1625,0,0,946,0,0,1961,0,0,1655,0,0,1645,0,0,917,0,0,474,0,0,1107,0,0,331,0,0,1614,0,0,2652,0,0,1235,0,0,3731,6,50560,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,3,2,24,15,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","NEWPORT DSL",0,"LIGHT OIL",3611,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,377,16,33,290,0,0,259,0,0,229,0,0,206,0,0,206,0,0,206,7,12,194,8,16,177,0,0,177,0,0,137,0,0,85,3730,6,50560,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,24,20,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","TROY",0,,3611,"0A",1294,,,95,150,0,0,72,0,0,150,0,0,267,0,0,209,0,0,71,0,0,28,0,0,30,0,0,3,0,0,74,0,0,244,0,0,128,0,0,3733,6,50560,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,10,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","ESSEX 19",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,2888,0,0,2870,0,0,4338,0,0,3931,0,0,3261,0,0,980,0,0,333,0,0,1531,0,0,936,0,0,2161,0,0,3540,0,0,2964,0,0,3737,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,3,2,47,10,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","ESSEX 19",0,"LIGHT OIL",7601,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,311,11,27,284,1,1,283,0,0,283,7,16,267,28,61,385,45,85,300,33,65,235,9,19,394,0,0,394,0,0,394,12,25,369,3737,6,51169,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,47,15,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","GORGE NO 18",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,901,0,0,986,0,0,1573,0,0,1661,0,0,1125,0,0,122,0,0,113,0,0,692,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6475,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,20,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","MARSHFIELD6",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,891,0,0,1188,0,0,245,0,0,107,0,0,0,0,0,3,0,0,2,0,0,54,0,0,53,0,0,604,0,0,1300,0,0,430,0,0,3739,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,25,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","MIDDLESEX 2",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,1134,0,0,848,0,0,1580,0,0,1697,0,0,1156,0,0,150,0,0,111,0,0,717,0,0,45,0,0,1158,0,0,2061,0,0,1133,0,0,3740,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,40,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","VERGENNES 9",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,972,0,0,799,0,0,1171,0,0,1224,0,0,968,0,0,441,0,0,247,0,0,499,0,0,318,0,0,590,0,0,1307,0,0,899,0,0,6519,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,3,2,47,40,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","VERGENNES 9",0,"LIGHT OIL",7601,"0M",1294,,,95,15,27,282,68,118,164,15,24,319,5,8,311,4,25,465,108,264,200,174,319,417,163,302,294,20,35,437,3,2,436,2,4,432,35,62,370,6519,6,51169,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,47,53,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","WATRBRY 22",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,2101,0,0,2029,0,0,1441,0,0,318,0,0,823,0,0,444,0,0,464,0,0,1190,0,0,485,0,0,2251,0,0,2609,0,0,1566,0,0,6520,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,55,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","W DANVIL 15",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,445,0,0,146,0,0,507,0,0,509,0,0,301,0,0,77,0,0,87,0,0,220,0,0,103,0,0,544,0,0,661,0,0,151,0,0,3743,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,4,2,47,58,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","BERLIN NO 5",0,"LIGHT OIL",7601,"0M",1294,,,95,32,270,10962,606,1501,9460,21,72,9388,0,0,9338,254,677,8711,731,1834,7632,1214,3039,11011,1354,3377,12369,189,463,14376,681,1521,12855,79,209,12646,389,879,11767,3734,6,51169,"FO2","GT" 13,50,1,4,2,47,60,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","COLCHSTR 16",0,"LIGHT OIL",7601,"0M",1294,,,95,7,28,1071,86,296,775,5,25,750,0,0,750,9,33,717,6,26,1583,117,472,1112,76,320,791,0,0,1506,0,0,1506,0,0,1507,0,0,1506,3735,6,51169,"FO2","GT" 13,50,1,1,,47,65,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","BOLTON FALL",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,3020,0,0,2253,0,0,3823,0,0,2884,0,0,2258,0,0,636,0,0,502,0,0,1603,0,0,428,0,0,2596,0,0,4478,0,0,2430,0,0,7056,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,7,"D",47,70,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","CARTHUSIANS",0,"N/A",7601,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7260,6,51169,"WI","WI" 13,50,1,1,,73,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BELLOWS FLS",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,22299,0,0,16448,0,0,28735,0,0,22260,0,0,21635,0,0,10244,0,0,6175,0,0,10541,0,0,3991,0,0,19464,0,0,30239,0,0,18843,0,0,3745,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,73,10,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","HARRIMAN",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,14391,0,0,13610,0,0,13092,0,0,2630,0,0,807,0,0,1394,0,0,2040,0,0,2968,0,0,2416,0,0,10136,0,0,16468,0,0,11713,0,0,3746,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,73,15,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","SEARSBURG",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,3120,0,0,2878,0,0,3094,0,0,1942,0,0,1012,0,0,853,0,0,152,0,0,1319,0,0,954,0,0,2077,0,0,3042,0,0,2675,0,0,6529,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,73,18,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","VERNON",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4592,0,0,4182,0,0,5197,0,0,4922,0,0,4427,0,0,2397,0,0,1604,0,0,3525,0,0,1667,0,0,3876,0,0,4946,0,0,3693,0,0,8904,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,73,20,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","WILDER",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,9053,0,0,5888,0,0,8525,0,0,1765,0,0,2559,0,0,1204,0,0,21,0,0,1756,0,0,407,0,0,4556,0,0,8802,0,0,2669,0,0,8905,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,98,5,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","CANAAN",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,729,0,0,718,0,0,805,0,0,483,0,0,569,0,0,345,0,0,252,0,0,190,0,0,195,0,0,728,0,0,765,0,0,738,0,0,3750,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,2,1,135,1,"VT YANKEE NUCLEAR PR CORP","VT YANKEE",0,"NUCLEAR",19796,"0M",1294,,,95,384928,0,0,346136,0,0,192519,0,0,0,0,0,335965,0,0,365673,0,0,371198,0,0,375476,0,0,363210,0,0,389313,0,0,379730,0,0,354361,0,0,3751,6,53128,"UR","ST" 13,50,1,1,,304,1,"VERMONT MARBLE CO","PROCTOR",0,,19794,"0A",1294,,,95,3213,0,0,2009,0,0,3559,0,0,3058,0,0,2032,0,0,1143,0,0,395,0,0,893,0,0,294,0,0,1839,0,0,3796,0,0,1853,0,0,6450,6,53127,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,304,5,"VERMONT MARBLE CO","CTR RUTLAND",0,,19794,"0A",1294,,,95,161,0,0,164,0,0,188,0,0,211,0,0,211,0,0,121,0,0,26,0,0,62,0,0,19,0,0,85,0,0,190,0,0,184,0,0,6453,6,53127,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,304,10,"VERMONT MARBLE CO","BELDENS",0,,19794,"0A",1294,,,95,2174,0,0,1009,0,0,2729,0,0,1624,0,0,972,0,0,405,0,0,95,0,0,369,0,0,149,0,0,1679,0,0,2997,0,0,1013,0,0,6451,6,53127,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,4,2,304,15,"VERMONT MARBLE CO","FLORENCE",0,"LIGHT OIL",19794,"0A",1294,,,95,-2,95,12708,118,200,12076,184,475,11934,674,1762,7457,74,191,4607,157,358,9260,354,1040,6925,210,559,6363,167,435,4707,-11,3,10761,-13,60,8428,167,550,7887,7337,6,53127,"FO2","GT" 13,50,5,1,,520,1,"BARTON (VILLAGE OF)","W CHARLESTN",0,,1299,"0A",1294,,,95,477,0,0,231,0,0,556,0,0,533,0,0,570,0,0,256,0,0,132,0,0,351,0,0,83,0,0,382,0,0,680,0,0,196,0,0,3753,6,50178,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,3,2,520,1,"BARTON (VILLAGE OF)","W CHARLESTN",0,"LIGHT OIL",1299,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,206,14,34,172,0,0,172,0,0,172,1,3,169,19,51,118,39,103,190,42,112,78,7,19,59,0,0,59,0,0,118,10,86,32,3753,6,50178,"FO2","IC" 13,50,5,4,2,536,1,"BURLINGTON (CITY OF)","GAS TURB",0,"LIGHT OIL",2548,"0M",1294,,,95,0,1,1628,248,707,868,0,4,2022,0,0,2015,19,66,1949,459,1365,1742,608,1830,1698,485,1472,1476,56,189,1287,0,0,1285,84,242,1001,165,472,1772,3754,6,50375,"FO2","GT" 13,50,5,2,"B",536,10,"BURLINGTON (CITY OF)","J C MC NEIL",0,"WOD CHIPS",2548,"0M",1294,,,95,7742,0,0,12138,0,0,4790,0,0,12108,0,0,15618,0,0,11949,0,0,14425,0,0,8887,0,0,5359,0,0,3746,0,0,10817,0,0,19589,0,0,589,6,50375,"WOD","ST" 13,50,5,2,2,536,10,"BURLINGTON (CITY OF)","J C MC NEIL",0,"LIGHT OIL",2548,"0M",1294,,,95,136,326,2416,132,350,1989,41,99,1826,0,216,1559,0,39,1448,0,22,1351,4,23,1264,0,81,1183,0,52,1021,0,40,945,19,99,3170,24,98,2994,589,6,50375,"FO2","ST" 13,50,5,2,9,536,10,"BURLINGTON (CITY OF)","J C MC NEIL",0,"NAT GAS",2548,"0M",1294,,,95,1750,24386,0,816,12632,0,1337,18689,0,0,2252,0,0,3244,0,0,3721,0,177,4800,0,0,2471,0,0,2396,0,0,2708,0,449,13380,0,2064,47618,0,589,6,50375,"NG","ST" 13,50,5,1,,551,5,"ENOSBURG FALLS (VILLAGE)","KENDALL",0,,5915,"0A",1294,,,95,52,0,0,126,0,0,145,0,0,160,0,0,164,0,0,130,0,0,102,0,0,121,0,0,68,0,0,109,0,0,147,0,0,64,0,0,3757,6,50910,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,3,2,551,10,"ENOSBURG FALLS (VILLAGE)","DIESEL PLT",0,"LIGHT OIL",5915,"0A",1294,,,95,1,5,320,14,24,296,0,1,296,1,3,293,4,13,280,16,34,246,20,37,351,23,44,307,2,6,301,0,0,301,0,0,0,12,21,279,4247,6,50910,"FO2","IC" 13,50,5,1,,551,15,"ENOSBURG FALLS (VILLAGE)","VILLAGE PLT",0,,5915,"0A",1294,,,95,370,0,0,204,0,0,298,0,0,433,0,0,408,0,0,218,0,0,87,0,0,140,0,0,45,0,0,324,0,0,364,0,0,395,0,0,4246,6,50910,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,567,1,"HARDWICK (VILLAGE OF)","WOLCOTT",0,,8104,"0A",1294,,,95,228,0,0,139,0,0,381,0,0,480,0,0,332,0,0,55,0,0,41,0,0,20,0,0,22,0,0,331,0,0,526,0,0,262,0,0,6477,6,51238,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,3,2,567,5,"HARDWICK (VILLAGE OF)","HARDWICK",0,"LIGHT OIL",8104,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,451,0,0,451,0,0,451,0,0,451,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6476,6,51238,"FO2","IC" 13,50,5,1,,644,5,"LYNDONVILLE (CITY OF)","GREAT FALLS",0,,11359,"0A",1294,,,95,160,0,0,115,0,0,308,0,0,489,0,0,746,0,0,350,0,0,273,0,0,122,0,0,171,0,0,457,0,0,558,0,0,437,0,0,3762,6,51721,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,644,10,"LYNDONVILLE (CITY OF)","VAIL",0,,11359,"0A",1294,,,95,100,0,0,71,0,0,99,0,0,123,0,0,225,0,0,93,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,107,0,0,3763,6,51721,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,659,5,"MORRISVILLE (VILLAGE OF)","CADYS FALLS",0,,12989,"0A",1294,,,95,396,0,0,268,0,0,387,0,0,226,0,0,403,0,0,133,0,0,101,0,0,2,0,0,71,0,0,356,0,0,337,0,0,160,0,0,3765,6,51943,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,659,10,"MORRISVILLE (VILLAGE OF)","MORRISVILLE",0,,12989,"0A",1294,,,95,250,0,0,312,0,0,619,0,0,801,0,0,581,0,0,131,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-2,0,0,227,0,0,3764,6,51943,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,659,15,"MORRISVILLE (VILLAGE OF)","W K SANDERS",0,,12989,"0A",1294,,,95,-5,0,0,114,0,0,24,0,0,13,0,0,33,0,0,10,0,0,-1,0,0,38,0,0,-2,0,0,83,0,0,177,0,0,7,0,0,678,6,51943,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,737,5,"SWANTON (VILLAGE OF)","HIGHGATE FL",0,,18371,"0A",1294,,,95,3846,0,0,2084,0,0,5329,0,0,5012,0,0,4484,0,0,2556,0,0,711,0,0,1431,0,0,444,0,0,4486,0,0,6056,0,0,2920,0,0,6618,6,52864,"WAT","HY" 13,50,8,1,,800,5,"VERMONT ELECTRIC COOP","N HARTLAND",0,,19791,"0A",1294,,,95,1260,0,0,415,0,0,212,0,0,990,0,0,623,0,0,190,0,0,90,0,0,4,0,0,8,0,0,484,0,0,1466,0,0,734,0,0,590,6,53125,"WAT","HY" 13,50,8,1,,810,5,"WASHINGTON ELECTRIC COOP","WRIGHTSVILE",0,,20151,"0A",1294,,,95,270,0,0,88,0,0,334,0,0,327,0,0,246,0,0,50,0,0,54,0,0,128,0,0,47,0,0,3224,0,0,418,0,0,153,0,0,7051,6,58100,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,2,1,23,1,"BOSTON EDISON CO","PILGRIM",0,"NUCLEAR",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,494219,0,0,433548,0,0,370903,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,313826,0,0,476983,0,0,486906,0,0,466384,0,0,470820,0,0,479805,0,0,492451,0,0,1590,6,50300,"UR","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,23,15,"BOSTON EDISON CO","EDGAR",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,43,139,1048,160,393,893,25,79,1053,64,124,929,28,74,855,110,379,953,323,950,955,245,760,910,38,108,1040,37,107,933,56,139,1032,134,337,934,1585,6,50300,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,4,2,23,17,"BOSTON EDISON CO","FRAMINGHAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,141,378,1770,276,681,1804,67,203,1601,44,165,1674,70,215,1698,449,1329,1559,788,2383,1819,766,2306,1658,95,258,1630,53,142,1734,74,277,1695,278,761,1649,1586,6,50300,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,4,2,23,20,"BOSTON EDISON CO","L STREET",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,18,71,606,223,524,481,31,74,586,101,254,571,64,181,628,302,790,611,232,657,597,450,1241,537,70,195,581,33,121,579,41,95,603,202,478,601,1587,6,50300,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,2,2,23,25,"BOSTON EDISON CO","MYSTIC",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,251,519,1723,2082,3518,560,0,0,2480,874,1565,1748,1508,2858,1987,1285,2470,2852,2284,4277,1789,1325,2537,1992,119,230,1762,111,219,2019,220,439,1580,238,420,1327,1588,6,50300,"FO2","ST" 14,25,1,2,3,23,25,"BOSTON EDISON CO","MYSTIC",0,"HEAVY OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,112692,212897,634701,250006,389639,396000,28170,35809,578539,46219,75659,622498,47350,81843,540595,74633,131731,529651,114158,195470,453259,65504,114254,339850,9543,16899,623019,18574,33314,589243,137777,234264,549412,333744,539006,466193,1588,6,50300,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,23,25,"BOSTON EDISON CO","MYSTIC",0,"NAT GAS",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,54301,611365,0,41760,387451,0,199825,2260608,0,223483,2242300,0,121095,1295784,0,76698,835115,0,229079,2424349,0,221936,2420968,0,166749,1844575,0,138588,1545200,0,1185,12271,0,4690,47014,0,1588,6,50300,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,23,25,"BOSTON EDISON CO","MYSTIC",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,27,56,491,103,175,435,20,57,497,61,110,506,37,71,435,192,369,532,279,524,365,264,506,455,27,53,523,26,52,471,36,92,498,52,92,444,1588,6,50300,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,2,2,23,30,"BOSTON EDISON CO","NEW BOSTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,1589,6,50300,"FO2","ST" 14,25,1,2,3,23,30,"BOSTON EDISON CO","NEW BOSTON",0,"HEAVY OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,215120,320592,70394,155709,225131,71506,167349,258313,38374,0,0,38374,0,0,38374,0,0,38374,0,0,38403,0,0,38403,0,0,38403,0,0,38808,0,0,73197,633,1026,94600,1589,6,50300,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,23,30,"BOSTON EDISON CO","NEW BOSTON",0,"NAT GAS",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,151,1334,0,2301,23751,0,201560,2042478,0,231080,2303282,0,366745,3613841,0,376840,3697457,0,381210,3746576,0,337660,3311625,0,328300,3254233,0,343010,3322669,0,159417,1573389,0,1589,6,50300,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,23,40,"BOSTON EDISON CO","WEST MEDWAY",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,532,1305,6724,2615,5858,6588,305,882,6659,441,1064,6548,648,1783,6907,1922,5806,5619,2304,7193,6789,2376,1139,6841,43,153,6688,33,101,6587,199,636,6665,2492,6199,6929,1592,6,50300,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,4,9,23,40,"BOSTON EDISON CO","WEST MEDWAY",0,"NAT GAS",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,963,16262,0,363,42170,0,305,906,0,134,2149,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1592,6,50300,"NG","GT" 14,25,1,2,3,25,5,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","BLACKSTONE",0,"HEAVY OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,12,9,1622,622,891,254,0,0,0,12,11,3277,4,9,3067,8,31,3303,19,66,3122,71,286,2313,8,25,2707,0,0,2900,388,267,2375,216,151,3016,1594,6,50412,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,25,5,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","BLACKSTONE",0,"NAT GAS",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,643,3052,0,809,7234,0,0,0,0,329,1924,0,176,2782,0,306,7064,0,840,18553,0,641,16359,0,98,2009,0,0,0,0,26,113,0,3,12,0,1594,6,50412,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,2,3,25,10,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","KENDALL SQ",0,"HEAVY OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,1966,3331,44639,4440,7426,46357,571,1025,43350,551,1184,40895,279,518,39729,76,146,39422,226,384,45928,178,367,45253,473,969,43288,91,206,42859,6937,10643,43043,10035,14044,33074,1595,6,50412,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,25,10,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","KENDALL SQ",0,"NAT GAS",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,8305,87563,0,5498,57215,0,7487,85115,0,6963,94695,0,6096,81153,0,7445,90078,0,8638,93009,0,7941,103714,0,6154,79756,0,5898,84299,0,580,5629,0,447,3954,0,1595,6,50412,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,25,10,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","KENDALL SQ",0,"LIGHT OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,0,0,1889,173,442,1930,0,0,1930,10,26,1904,381,951,1671,340,886,1969,587,1240,1863,822,2088,2078,160,754,1323,0,0,1561,0,0,1561,183,453,1925,1595,6,50412,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,2,3,25,15,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","CANAL",0,"HEAVY OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,162391,279085,64428,147412,254620,37606,178077,310890,35916,210807,342420,34150,172965,296386,68134,149960,274442,64297,204907,357210,66759,386648,623547,65078,202416,316252,66152,59087,109907,66707,307766,492512,64272,421791,645524,63446,1599,6,50412,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,3,2,25,25,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","OAK BLUFFS",0,"LIGHT OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,0,0,1131,70,125,1006,0,0,1006,3,6,1000,58,98,1011,55,97,1035,183,321,1005,196,350,1036,1,4,1032,0,0,1159,6,15,1144,63,118,1026,1597,6,50412,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,3,2,25,30,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","W TISBURY",0,"LIGHT OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,0,0,2023,42,87,1936,0,0,1936,2,4,1932,38,68,1918,40,70,1848,243,439,1711,204,373,1827,0,0,1827,0,0,2044,5,18,2026,47,98,1928,6049,6,50412,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,3,2,25,35,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","AIRPORT DIE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,2,4,65,20,32,57,6,9,48,14,26,23,3,17,6,0,6,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7184,6,50412,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,4,2,46,1,"FITCHBURG GAS & ELEC LGT","FITCHBURG",0,"LIGHT OIL",6374,"0M",1294,,,95,113,320,1233,544,1372,812,0,0,1289,68,210,1079,120,416,1139,539,1444,1109,663,1798,2154,708,1974,1126,70,191,2125,49,166,1960,0,0,1960,461,1173,2216,1601,6,50990,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,1,,59,5,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","BB HOLBROOK",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,215,0,0,12,0,0,439,0,0,48,0,0,0,0,0,-4,0,0,-2,0,0,111,0,0,7,0,0,88,0,0,177,0,0,95,0,0,1602,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,59,7,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","CHEMICAL",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,390,0,0,65,0,0,264,0,0,560,0,0,1378,0,0,-3,0,0,-2,0,0,33,0,0,-2,0,0,199,0,0,228,0,0,152,0,0,1604,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,59,10,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","HADLEY FLLS",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,19318,0,0,16252,0,0,20835,0,0,17997,0,0,1047,0,0,10005,0,0,4815,0,0,8945,0,0,1536,0,0,13795,0,0,19251,0,0,19209,0,0,1605,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,59,15,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","RIVERSIDE",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,2283,0,0,798,0,0,2407,0,0,2806,0,0,1058,0,0,-32,0,0,-28,0,0,236,0,0,-31,0,0,991,0,0,1475,0,0,1658,0,0,1607,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,59,20,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","BOATLOCK",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,1401,0,0,440,0,0,1465,0,0,1749,0,0,-1985,0,0,-45,0,0,34,0,0,364,0,0,188,0,0,1015,0,0,1030,0,0,1719,0,0,1603,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,59,21,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","SKINNER",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,1087,0,0,-990,0,0,135,0,0,122,0,0,0,0,0,-3,0,0,-3,0,0,10,0,0,-5,0,0,48,0,0,88,0,0,144,0,0,1608,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,2,2,59,23,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","MT TOM",0,"LIGHT OIL",8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,253,312,334,85,74,223,86,144,363,96,161,0,210,338,471,128,216,400,63,106,0,319,575,0,148,244,0,283,596,339,311,528,442,268,461,289,1606,6,51327,"FO2","ST" 14,25,1,2,6,59,23,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","MT TOM",0,"BIT COAL",8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,83436,31625,65901,94304,36568,48767,100316,38568,48417,92219,34981,57613,86828,32256,68520,89522,33641,55040,96838,37232,50903,67013,26869,64337,58083,21428,72102,20300,9635,85211,75120,28714,96373,83498,33548,87268,1606,6,51327,"BIT","ST" 14,25,1,2,3,85,1,"MONTAUP ELECTRIC COMPANY","SOMERSET",0,"HEAVY OIL",12833,"0M",1294,,,95,5362,8778,70647,3605,6271,64376,3682,6389,57987,572,894,57093,4068,7388,49705,3861,6474,101371,1808,3090,98281,1729,8455,89825,4071,6826,83000,7484,12748,70251,8762,14647,55605,1259,3587,97942,1613,6,56511,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,6,85,1,"MONTAUP ELECTRIC COMPANY","SOMERSET",0,"BIT COAL",12833,"0M",1294,,,95,57318,21462,76767,61443,26125,64290,61730,25219,52529,14739,5125,47404,25607,10149,50811,58410,21998,42203,65563,26654,42553,52228,21241,48670,53057,20314,65856,44642,17190,76089,48433,18499,83931,70559,26084,98563,1613,6,56511,"BIT","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,85,1,"MONTAUP ELECTRIC COMPANY","SOMERSET",0,"LIGHT OIL",12833,"0M",1294,,,95,143,374,5116,433,1118,3998,115,229,3769,65,186,3583,285,740,4510,629,1593,4110,1349,3410,5229,1777,4429,5348,136,348,5000,0,0,4999,5,26,5687,653,1369,4318,1613,6,56511,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,3,2,90,15,"NANTUCKET ELEC CO","NANTUCKET",0,"LIGHT OIL",13206,"0M",1294,,,95,7539,12658,2602,7625,13184,8503,7218,12056,5494,6969,12757,2261,7465,13354,7937,7820,14759,9687,10453,19444,7486,10644,19689,5848,7894,13523,10626,6823,12246,7898,7832,14492,3042,9557,16800,2912,1615,6,51977,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,1,,96,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","DEERFIELD 2",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,3908,0,0,2952,0,0,3971,0,0,2045,0,0,1064,0,0,520,0,0,442,0,0,617,0,0,404,0,0,2016,0,0,3583,0,0,2747,0,0,6047,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,96,10,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","DEERFIELD 3",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4040,0,0,3243,0,0,4233,0,0,2293,0,0,1182,0,0,848,0,0,445,0,0,722,0,0,460,0,0,1885,0,0,3570,0,0,3116,0,0,6083,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,96,15,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","DEERFIELD 4",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,3691,0,0,2835,0,0,3555,0,0,1674,0,0,865,0,0,673,0,0,414,0,0,621,0,0,420,0,0,1920,0,0,3135,0,0,2638,0,0,6119,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,96,20,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","DEERFIELD 5",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,8684,0,0,6946,0,0,8699,0,0,2314,0,0,807,0,0,564,0,0,515,0,0,177,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3382,0,0,5810,0,0,1620,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,96,25,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","SHERMAN",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4117,0,0,3467,0,0,4264,0,0,1151,0,0,407,0,0,439,0,0,377,0,0,602,0,0,527,0,0,2183,0,0,3889,0,0,2917,0,0,6012,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,2,3,96,27,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BRAYTON PT",0,"HEAVY OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,40093,74054,435541,65951,116563,318656,49098,75749,438283,41100,69916,368366,2212,5326,519600,0,0,519442,0,0,519401,488,4266,515767,0,0,516617,0,0,516584,7553,10954,505630,71672,125949,379784,1619,6,52007,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,6,96,27,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BRAYTON PT",0,"BIT COAL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,657136,245754,255528,538158,200282,277893,335153,130042,379361,336389,128159,523785,552184,203304,520224,709319,259373,461575,714608,267126,390587,681408,256270,431828,600517,222478,518312,676108,250140,322224,643066,226804,159986,692743,256541,166201,1619,6,52007,"BIT","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,96,27,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BRAYTON PT",0,"NAT GAS",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,2475,65992,0,19895,234494,0,87264,1046891,0,115149,1305242,0,165738,1925331,0,192541,2159965,0,121121,1465806,0,138514,1578722,0,90677,1067560,0,7950,208839,0,642,50267,0,499,65467,0,1619,6,52007,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,3,2,96,27,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BRAYTON PT",0,"LIGHT OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,48,91,0,168,321,0,49,91,0,66,120,0,149,212,0,229,427,0,434,803,0,429,813,0,49,97,0,17,33,0,0,0,0,122,221,0,1619,6,52007,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,2,3,96,33,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","SALEM HABR",0,"HEAVY OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4216,6811,427550,19621,51462,372000,43825,80929,296042,52176,100975,196885,88546,157427,294207,74155,134469,405510,143472,245061,157683,78033,135040,315193,15952,29894,481681,10242,22800,451257,31856,63264,446411,130138,177251,300301,1626,6,52007,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,6,96,33,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","SALEM HABR",0,"BIT COAL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,170230,67910,116594,174526,68827,87604,182421,75469,107334,180983,73494,87888,123760,53441,145441,149482,64633,132065,157915,67184,148469,169338,69504,116124,140768,59871,93091,133365,56779,72780,147538,65216,99054,158287,70574,72828,1626,6,52007,"BIT","ST" 14,25,1,3,2,96,40,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","GLOUCESTER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,180,400,1027,365,1056,1255,495,500,1183,191,320,863,798,1430,1148,331,615,1333,398,757,1219,767,1957,1197,100,165,1033,0,0,1031,2,3,1465,491,918,1190,1624,6,52007,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,3,2,96,50,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","NEWBURYPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,23,31,898,242,431,942,1,0,943,124,222,720,79,135,986,279,516,828,384,714,746,466,834,770,24,47,723,5,10,715,0,0,929,200,360,998,1625,6,52007,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,1,,96,55,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","FIFE BROOK",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4107,0,0,3775,0,0,4880,0,0,1321,0,0,312,0,0,338,0,0,198,0,0,494,0,0,291,0,0,2274,0,0,4150,0,0,3161,0,0,8004,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,96,60,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BEAR SWAMP",0,"P-PUMPSTG",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,-17861,61325,0,-15324,57381,0,-16082,58258,0,-15241,53916,0,-14630,56226,0,-16812,61971,0,-18159,63682,0,-15902,62948,0,-16995,61404,0,-17477,62001,0,-15650,58713,0,-16215,58454,0,8005,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,5,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","CABOT",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,27350,0,0,20962,0,0,33562,0,0,28813,0,0,2450,0,0,11373,0,0,5730,0,0,10888,0,0,1060,0,0,21360,0,0,32264,0,0,23532,0,0,1629,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,10,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","COBBLE MT",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,2687,0,0,2401,0,0,3134,0,0,1490,0,0,613,0,0,1371,0,0,1579,0,0,2606,0,0,404,0,0,934,0,0,679,0,0,2257,0,0,1630,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,12,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","DWIGHT",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,541,0,0,520,0,0,744,0,0,709,0,0,972,0,0,422,0,0,241,0,0,219,0,0,137,0,0,316,0,0,187,0,0,450,0,0,6378,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,20,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","GARDER FLS",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,1535,0,0,1501,0,0,2140,0,0,1273,0,0,591,0,0,393,0,0,159,0,0,373,0,0,244,0,0,740,0,0,1394,0,0,1292,0,0,1634,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,30,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","IND ORCHARD",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,1913,0,0,854,0,0,1614,0,0,786,0,0,661,0,0,177,0,0,8,0,0,59,0,0,4,0,0,434,0,0,1375,0,0,741,0,0,6379,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,32,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","PUTTS BRDGE",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,224,0,0,252,0,0,1368,0,0,249,0,0,550,0,0,741,0,0,249,0,0,393,0,0,186,0,0,1233,0,0,1150,0,0,251,0,0,1637,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,33,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","RED BRIDGE",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,2265,0,0,1259,0,0,1699,0,0,1592,0,0,1025,0,0,689,0,0,212,0,0,256,0,0,150,0,0,1248,0,0,7724,0,0,1271,0,0,1638,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,35,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","TURNERS FL",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,1180,0,0,-9,0,0,2580,0,0,457,0,0,2357,0,0,3,0,0,320,0,0,753,0,0,1529,0,0,1437,0,0,3487,0,0,96,0,0,6388,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,37,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","NORTHFLD MT",0,"P-PUMPSTG",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,-40582,142177,0,-33131,122422,0,-34507,127754,0,-38191,123876,0,-53574,130653,0,-54650,139615,0,-65287,149806,0,-58299,150495,0,-60095,144418,0,-65178,152081,0,-51403,135668,0,-54958,140849,0,547,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,4,2,145,38,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","DOREEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,50,156,956,319,789,738,14,84,997,11,135,1029,31,63,967,166,460,863,117,360,1099,422,1231,1099,69,204,1073,-10,0,1073,34,122,951,162,418,771,1631,6,53266,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,2,2,145,55,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","W SPRINGFLD",0,"LIGHT OIL",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,0,0,533,101,224,458,0,0,458,19,36,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,379,1642,6,53266,"FO2","ST" 14,25,1,2,3,145,55,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","W SPRINGFLD",0,"HEAVY OIL",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,3033,6175,75421,4119,8425,75374,344,607,80604,1867,3252,77352,19,33,77318,750,1321,75997,1456,2596,73401,758,1343,72058,0,0,72058,0,0,72923,2320,5181,76520,13739,24402,55074,1642,6,53266,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,145,55,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","W SPRINGFLD",0,"NAT GAS",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,2167,27681,0,81,1046,0,24872,278755,0,28674,316564,0,33801,372726,0,33691,376470,0,34950,395433,0,39329,440670,0,21443,242289,0,3420,45099,0,110,1547,0,158,1773,0,1642,6,53266,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,145,55,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","W SPRINGFLD",0,"LIGHT OIL",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,45,159,682,84,220,801,-17,0,801,-12,0,801,-3,12,789,108,297,6777,282,717,1096,319,633,977,0,0,977,0,0,977,0,0,977,0,0,977,1642,6,53266,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,4,2,145,60,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","WOODLAND RD",0,"LIGHT OIL",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,38,127,1027,218,623,814,3,20,1144,11,96,1048,22,56,992,219,604,924,341,963,1130,373,1030,1017,32,105,1090,-7,0,1090,5,59,1032,156,398,534,1643,6,53266,"FO2","GT" 14,25,5,3,2,532,5,"BRAINTREE (CITY OF)","POTTER",0,"LIGHT OIL",2144,"0M",1294,,,95,1,3,0,40,86,0,2,4,0,8,15,0,18,33,0,0,0,0,66,37,0,90,173,0,8,15,0,16,29,0,0,0,0,47,86,0,1660,6,50315,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,5,9,532,5,"BRAINTREE (CITY OF)","POTTER",0,"WASTE HT",2144,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1660,6,50315,"NG","CC" 14,25,5,6,2,532,5,"BRAINTREE (CITY OF)","POTTER",0,"LIGHT OIL",2144,"0M",1294,,,95,597,1163,3860,1950,3916,4922,529,946,3897,722,1243,2632,0,0,2595,0,0,2595,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,418,803,0,0,0,0,563,1271,0,1660,6,50315,"FO2","CT" 14,25,5,6,9,532,5,"BRAINTREE (CITY OF)","POTTER",0,"NAT GAS",2144,"0M",1294,,,95,6985,76876,0,16116,164048,0,4161,42418,0,25648,268544,0,6647,61554,0,0,0,0,6439,68107,0,22225,231091,0,11633,125960,0,2826,30097,0,605,6473,0,2795,30378,0,1660,6,50315,"NG","CT" 14,25,5,1,,597,5,"HOLYOKE (CITY OF)","HOLYOKE",0,,8776,"0M",1294,,,95,1039,0,0,94,0,0,1200,0,0,538,0,0,244,0,0,216,0,0,169,0,0,308,0,0,243,0,0,308,0,0,843,0,0,63,0,0,9864,6,51325,"WAT","HY" 14,25,5,2,3,597,5,"HOLYOKE (CITY OF)","HOLYOKE",0,"HEAVY OIL",8776,"0M",1294,,,95,-34,8,21223,-7,161,18597,-32,0,17335,-149,242,9944,-157,0,11105,-26,144,12014,197,918,10400,173,751,10383,0,0,21744,-26,2,23445,-45,21,21407,48,571,24539,9864,6,51325,"FO6","ST" 14,25,5,2,9,597,5,"HOLYOKE (CITY OF)","HOLYOKE",0,"NAT GAS",8776,"0M",1294,,,95,-406,548,0,-47,7095,0,-432,0,0,-151,1508,0,-180,0,0,-82,2775,0,358,10343,0,495,13260,0,-282,0,0,-300,136,0,-310,907,0,116,8617,0,9864,6,51325,"NG","ST" 14,25,5,3,2,602,1,"HUDSON (CITY OF)","CHERRY ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",8973,"0A",1294,,,95,126,216,6535,468,801,5733,24,47,5687,49,79,5608,60,99,5509,136,242,5267,334,576,4687,237,442,10028,21,36,9992,0,0,9992,0,0,9992,0,613,9379,9038,6,51362,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,3,9,602,1,"HUDSON (CITY OF)","CHERRY ST",0,"NAT GAS",8973,"0A",1294,,,95,16,177,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,27,276,0,223,2327,0,514,5353,0,813,8555,0,1067,10973,0,248,2679,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,9038,6,51362,"NG","IC" 14,25,5,3,2,613,1,"IPSWICH (CITY OF)","IPSWICH",0,"LIGHT OIL",9442,"0A",1294,,,95,3,144,1524,185,504,1020,-44,84,928,26,97,839,45,81,751,112,229,1817,221,430,1388,171,335,1053,42,71,981,0,0,1991,0,13,1901,70,285,1616,1670,6,51411,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,3,9,613,1,"IPSWICH (CITY OF)","IPSWICH",0,"NAT GAS",9442,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,-7,91,0,26,564,0,193,2049,0,356,4180,0,540,6225,0,488,5467,0,218,2149,0,0,0,0,0,164,0,0,0,0,1670,6,51411,"NG","IC" 14,25,5,3,2,630,20,"MARBLEHEAD (CITY OF)","COMM ST 2",0,"LIGHT OIL",11624,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,134,30,54,153,0,0,124,1,4,109,8,23,86,22,43,163,30,67,96,40,77,139,3,3,134,0,0,129,0,0,107,16,31,153,6585,6,51769,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,3,2,630,25,"MARBLEHEAD (CITY OF)","WILKINS STA",0,"LIGHT OIL",11624,"0A",1294,,,95,24,42,422,242,404,495,3,4,490,17,25,466,41,67,398,140,249,387,184,331,532,214,384,390,17,34,833,0,0,831,0,0,833,105,187,646,6586,6,51769,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,4,2,640,5,"MASS MUN WHOLESALE ELEC","STONY BROOK",0,"LIGHT OIL",11806,"0M",1294,,,95,868,1812,0,3250,6760,0,1070,2159,0,1016,2152,0,1531,3641,0,3583,7206,0,6923,15010,0,5440,12228,0,1296,2825,0,251,525,0,0,0,0,2081,4355,0,6081,6,56516,"FO2","GT" 14,25,5,5,2,640,5,"MASS MUN WHOLESALE ELEC","STONY BROOK",0,"LIGHT OIL",11806,"0M",1294,,,95,4867,0,0,4882,0,0,1895,0,0,0,0,0,1645,0,0,1298,0,0,2909,0,0,2231,0,0,542,0,0,137,0,0,778,0,0,7866,0,0,6081,6,56516,"FO2","CC" 14,25,5,5,9,640,5,"MASS MUN WHOLESALE ELEC","STONY BROOK",0,"WASTE HT",11806,"0M",1294,,,95,667,6409,0,33,225,0,713,7903,0,38860,226425,0,32080,282829,0,30410,271547,0,30355,268417,0,22281,199679,0,16911,152536,0,13731,126250,0,649,6336,0,0,0,0,6081,6,56516,"NG","CC" 14,25,5,6,2,640,5,"MASS MUN WHOLESALE ELEC","STONY BROOK",0,"LIGHT OIL",11806,"0M",1294,,,95,16765,34499,275954,17076,35625,171066,1732,3145,164811,15194,31318,130811,4458,10049,117055,3259,6474,203614,7129,14689,223923,5719,12097,199458,1427,2966,193410,406,852,191674,2974,6318,192851,24527,50346,140778,6081,6,56516,"FO2","CT" 14,25,5,6,9,640,5,"MASS MUN WHOLESALE ELEC","STONY BROOK",0,"NAT GAS",11806,"0M",1294,,,95,2298,22081,0,33,225,0,7123,78947,0,38860,226425,0,85133,750563,0,75927,677993,0,74156,655728,0,57044,511219,0,44278,399380,0,38588,354794,0,2475,24166,0,0,0,0,6081,6,56516,"NG","CT" 14,25,5,4,2,668,10,"PEABODY (CITY OF)","WATERS RIVR",0,"LIGHT OIL",14605,"0M",1294,,,95,4,11,7009,461,990,6019,3,13,6006,114,218,5789,218,411,5378,259,572,4806,1447,3081,5724,79,204,5787,0,0,5770,0,0,5770,0,0,5770,751,1304,4214,1678,6,52270,"FO2","GT" 14,25,5,4,9,668,10,"PEABODY (CITY OF)","WATERS RIVR",0,"NAT GAS",14605,"0M",1294,,,95,71,948,0,818,8676,0,0,0,0,298,3898,0,500,6079,0,1161,14052,0,735,10563,0,2810,34245,0,871,10971,0,16,244,0,0,0,0,136,1612,0,1678,6,52270,"NG","GT" 14,25,5,3,2,695,1,"SHREWSBURY (CITY OF)","SHREWSBURY",0,"LIGHT OIL",17127,"0A",1294,,,95,-48,53,1717,-20,96,1621,-72,0,1621,-59,0,1621,-27,43,1577,28,133,1444,206,450,994,393,793,1630,-12,58,1571,-52,4,1568,-66,0,1568,5,146,1421,6125,6,52653,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,2,3,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"HEAVY OIL",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,707,1487,45484,117,274,41056,124,1171,40232,227,881,38944,154,338,18232,1782,3821,13122,1997,4404,13146,1671,3714,26632,1017,1981,30701,285,1042,41468,209,665,43572,1269,2308,3691,1682,6,52885,"FO6","ST" 14,25,5,5,3,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"HEAVY OIL",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,2588,4259,0,3074,4987,0,7,71,0,264,1016,0,10569,21610,0,5376,8750,0,7132,10296,0,7761,11325,0,6430,8473,0,269,1218,0,135,435,0,7563,7563,0,1682,6,52885,"FO6","CC" 14,25,5,5,9,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"NAT GAS",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,88,2162,0,0,0,0,0,7,0,70,898,0,11828,118101,0,7953,72245,0,11517,102477,0,3409,38796,0,275,3743,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1682,6,52885,"NG","CC" 14,25,5,6,2,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,600,1721,500,1175,3321,414,0,10,405,0,0,405,23,155,250,230,719,0,424,1426,393,75,247,983,20,69,920,0,0,922,172,601,798,1596,4611,881,1682,6,52885,"FO2","CT" 14,25,5,6,3,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"HEAVY OIL",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1682,6,52885,"FO6","CT" 14,25,5,6,9,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"NAT GAS",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,215,3547,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,9,220,0,91,2523,0,3269,55134,0,3573,59309,0,4974,79500,0,4776,58796,0,188,2751,0,2,41,0,0,0,0,1682,6,52885,"NG","CT" 15,44,1,3,2,59,1,"BLOCK ISLAND POWER CO","BLOCK ISL",0,"LIGHT OIL",1857,"0A",1294,,,95,640,929,1894,560,757,1368,454,801,1953,666,926,2412,871,1183,2384,728,1492,1815,1748,2173,1258,1686,2317,1251,852,1532,1104,890,1214,1044,683,904,1044,537,1042,1378,6567,6,50270,"FO2","IC" 15,44,1,2,3,60,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","MANCHSTR ST",0,"HEAVY OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6954,6984,12805,21121,8031,15471,21089,11950,17787,9381,10642,17134,20900,3236,6,52007,"FO6","ST" 15,44,1,2,6,60,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","MANCHSTR ST",0,"BIT COAL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3236,6,52007,"BIT","ST" 15,44,1,2,9,60,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","MANCHSTR ST",0,"NAT GAS",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,185,6790,0,5496,108488,0,22180,283931,0,57696,544903,0,43911,426261,0,200212,1571059,0,273062,2060878,0,3236,6,52007,"NG","ST" 15,44,1,3,2,71,5,"NEWPORT ELECTRIC CORP","ELDRED",0,"LIGHT OIL",13549,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,912,146,241,919,0,0,916,14,24,893,280,476,872,38,285,806,254,445,603,431,759,765,53,97,884,0,0,884,30,55,818,186,311,942,3240,6,52046,"FO2","IC" 15,44,1,3,2,71,15,"NEWPORT ELECTRIC CORP","JEPSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",13549,"0A",1294,,,95,10,19,1047,104,179,864,0,0,1112,13,24,1094,58,103,998,35,303,926,228,421,966,339,620,1037,31,56,977,0,0,977,0,0,977,162,273,920,3241,6,52046,"FO2","IC" 15,44,5,1,,600,1,"PROVIDENCE (CITY OF)","PROVIDENCE",0,,15440,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3245,6,52404,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,21,1,"GILMAN BROTHERS CO","GILMAN",0,,6885,"0A",1294,"R",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,536,6,50309,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,5,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","BULLS BRDGE",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,4542,0,0,3859,0,0,4535,0,0,4526,0,0,711,0,0,1545,0,0,596,0,0,576,0,0,83,0,0,3291,0,0,5258,0,0,4512,0,0,541,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,15,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","ROBERTSVLE",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,228,0,0,144,0,0,74,0,0,117,0,0,0,0,0,23,0,0,4,0,0,14,0,0,1,0,0,58,0,0,0,0,0,7,0,0,549,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,20,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","ROCKY RIVER",0,"C-PUMPSTG",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,-532,573,0,-108,831,0,-5011,4942,0,-3890,3881,0,-2483,2464,0,-30,0,0,-50,160,0,-45,941,0,-34,0,0,-295,262,0,3242,0,0,3543,0,0,539,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,25,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","SCOTLAND DM",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,1196,0,0,762,0,0,1285,0,0,753,0,0,65,0,0,169,0,0,32,0,0,83,0,0,9,0,0,401,0,0,43,0,0,524,0,0,551,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,28,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","SHEPAUG",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,19987,0,0,8510,0,0,16746,0,0,8668,0,0,479,0,0,3113,0,0,1323,0,0,1665,0,0,561,0,0,4280,0,0,17593,0,0,9586,0,0,552,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,30,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","STEVENSON",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,14594,0,0,6873,0,0,12878,0,0,7022,0,0,5946,0,0,2333,0,0,1155,0,0,1565,0,0,585,0,0,7574,0,0,15018,0,0,7269,0,0,553,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,33,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","TAFTVILLE",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,1047,0,0,773,0,0,1181,0,0,662,0,0,0,0,0,286,0,0,106,0,0,168,0,0,58,0,0,376,0,0,802,0,0,539,0,0,554,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,35,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","TUNNEL",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,1344,0,0,790,0,0,1127,0,0,808,0,0,808,0,0,130,0,0,51,0,0,62,0,0,13,0,0,528,0,0,1238,0,0,756,0,0,557,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,4,2,37,35,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","TUNNEL",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,92,241,1121,148,413,1052,-10,0,1052,8,34,1017,-9,0,1017,174,492,1054,399,1075,1028,391,1123,1060,-10,0,1060,-9,0,1060,-8,0,1060,247,642,1013,557,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,4,2,37,37,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","COS COB",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,338,879,6366,1004,2550,5530,-6,0,6730,61,328,6402,100,252,6836,1043,2766,6164,1606,4183,6744,1574,4512,6417,89,372,6045,10,115,5931,-7,47,5884,478,1250,6205,542,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,2,37,40,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","DEVON",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,4,7,607,26,48,738,10,19,719,8,14,705,6,12,693,5,10,683,12,21,662,5,10,652,35,67,586,12,21,564,10,19,545,126,250,652,544,6,50651,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,37,40,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","DEVON",0,"HEAVY OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,1691,2896,140820,5317,8938,131882,6310,10503,160145,2309,3909,156236,1040,1748,154488,1026,1746,152742,366,624,152118,0,0,152118,0,0,152118,1119,1895,186866,0,0,223227,52715,95704,164704,544,6,50651,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,2,9,37,40,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","DEVON",0,"NAT GAS",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,139882,1480772,0,125833,1333372,0,140034,1484076,0,74718,805341,0,129292,1364215,0,113222,1209824,0,134347,1440396,0,141005,1520883,0,84240,919763,0,92690,988325,0,85651,910220,0,1027,11734,0,544,6,50651,"NG","ST" 16,9,1,4,2,37,40,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","DEVON",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,-8,0,826,52,143,1016,-6,0,1016,11,41,975,15,50,924,93,252,873,213,464,899,323,840,1155,12,42,1113,14,46,864,-8,0,864,126,312,755,544,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,2,37,45,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MONTVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,79,187,224,71,184,282,0,0,277,35,81,316,26,52,254,126,275,254,225,460,205,169,342,281,13,78,193,-9,27,344,11,35,57,248,530,404,546,6,50651,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,37,45,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MONTVILLE",0,"HEAVY OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,19404,42123,179930,11903,28403,229734,496,984,267130,8852,18669,287361,73,131,287230,16090,31789,255441,33046,60820,194621,29759,54794,250449,448,2452,286041,-459,1261,284780,4782,14127,272628,50192,96782,219079,546,6,50651,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,2,9,37,45,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MONTVILLE",0,"NAT GAS",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,2644,35575,0,1337,19886,0,14239,177907,0,15760,209674,0,26332,300080,0,15321,191070,0,33080,384304,0,29657,341116,0,660,22744,0,-410,7132,0,948,17617,0,2622,31910,0,546,6,50651,"NG","ST" 16,9,1,3,2,37,45,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MONTVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,5,11,429,51,91,429,3,5,429,21,47,429,5,10,429,32,60,429,47,88,429,44,82,429,5,10,429,0,0,429,7,15,429,14,27,429,546,6,50651,"FO2","IC" 16,9,1,2,2,37,46,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","NORWALK HAR",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,1942,3751,1166,1049,1831,1166,1411,2570,1166,801,1409,746,830,1566,1275,1306,2393,1275,1212,2164,1208,1005,1793,1129,448,996,1090,743,1549,1201,1863,3623,816,1573,2830,1073,548,6,50651,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,37,46,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","NORWALK HAR",0,"HEAVY OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,61485,109340,281515,116317,186438,251428,53269,89422,277523,112195,177490,244461,49615,86635,387526,72024,117143,423659,87276,142042,395624,69104,110519,365065,12764,26032,444868,12966,24423,458286,56112,97835,437824,98414,160154,343905,548,6,50651,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,4,2,37,46,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","NORWALK HAR",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,"R",550,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,-12,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,548,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,1,,37,60,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","BANTAM",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,166,0,0,122,0,0,177,0,0,99,0,0,0,0,0,24,0,0,2,0,0,9,0,0,0,0,0,66,0,0,182,0,0,126,0,0,6457,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,65,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","FLS VILLAGE",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,6485,0,0,3067,0,0,6148,0,0,4269,0,0,57,0,0,1043,0,0,359,0,0,386,0,0,86,0,0,3283,0,0,6134,0,0,3241,0,0,560,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,4,2,37,70,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","FRANKLIN DR",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,87,251,1073,112,303,770,-21,0,770,6,41,429,9,45,1229,156,508,1033,386,937,931,385,1480,880,-11,0,808,-12,0,808,-14,0,0,109,306,1000,561,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,2,37,75,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MIDDLETOWN",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,52,116,72,106,200,205,37,72,134,69,119,181,93,171,177,62,115,62,142,274,121,143,283,195,159,331,184,25,61,123,89,174,116,58,124,159,562,6,50651,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,37,75,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MIDDLETOWN",0,"HEAVY OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,28156,57773,619646,82338,144562,470965,28954,52136,494722,112799,180932,367774,91771,154447,321716,103385,178821,285273,180564,315539,192342,120265,219668,308678,14240,27382,395204,9172,20697,432521,29631,53865,465010,116423,197687,379501,562,6,50651,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,4,2,37,75,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MIDDLETOWN",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,0,0,986,60,155,998,2,12,986,0,0,986,18,56,1096,133,235,803,220,518,962,326,864,969,6,21,948,0,0,946,0,0,936,0,0,936,562,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,"C",37,80,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","S MEADOW",0,"REFUSE",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,36668,0,0,31584,0,0,30750,0,0,36558,0,0,4988,0,0,38064,0,0,35273,0,0,35840,0,0,37803,0,0,39379,0,0,36583,0,0,40236,0,0,563,6,50651,"GEO","ST" 16,9,1,4,2,37,80,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","S MEADOW",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,547,1286,33605,2263,5797,27807,-4,195,27613,257,794,4952,465,1373,43574,2527,6621,35953,4081,8784,28189,3486,11650,34410,234,1143,29931,-49,0,29931,56,271,29660,2479,6072,23588,563,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,4,2,37,85,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","TORRINGTN T",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,80,183,802,-19,0,802,9,49,753,4,24,729,-6,0,1062,163,373,867,4081,6864,28189,583,1059,947,4,16,931,-7,0,931,-8,0,931,173,446,1006,565,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,4,2,37,90,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","BRANFORD",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,-23,0,993,-11,0,993,-12,0,983,-9,0,993,-12,0,993,-15,0,963,303,888,1170,580,1248,981,112,115,1073,-7,12,1061,12,62,999,103,312,1042,540,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,1,45,1,"CONN YANKEE ATOMIC PWR CO","HADDAM NECK",0,"NUCLEAR",4187,"0M",1294,,551,95,349804,0,0,-2724,0,0,-2714,0,0,80321,0,0,411060,0,0,385019,0,0,346822,0,0,397229,0,0,404771,0,0,427136,0,0,421633,0,0,435253,0,0,558,6,50652,"UR","ST" 16,9,1,1,,70,1,"FARMINGTON RIVER POWER CO","RAINBOW",0,,6207,"0A",1294,,,95,4465,0,0,2602,0,0,3654,0,0,2574,0,0,1712,0,0,1108,0,0,787,0,0,842,0,0,700,0,0,2530,0,0,4222,0,0,2756,0,0,559,6,50970,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,2,1,85,1,"NORTHEAST NUCL ENERGY CO","MILLSTONE",0,"NUCLEAR",21687,"0M",1294,,553,95,474794,0,0,424364,0,0,479164,0,0,452923,0,0,470915,0,0,397551,0,0,307242,0,0,369216,0,0,459416,0,0,478184,0,0,46176,0,0,-2630,0,0,566,6,50005,"UR","ST" 16,9,1,2,1,85,2,"NORTHEAST NUCL ENERGY CO","MILLSTONE",0,"NUCLEAR",21687,"0M",1294,,553,95,-2968,0,0,-3117,0,0,-2841,0,0,12840,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-8427,0,0,340333,0,0,625348,0,0,645987,0,0,618792,0,0,511064,0,0,566,6,50005,"UR","ST" 16,9,1,2,1,85,3,"NORTHEAST NUCL ENERGY CO","MILLSTONE",0,"NUCLEAR",21687,"0M",1294,,553,95,853882,0,0,758672,0,0,851613,0,0,328284,0,0,0,0,0,594786,0,0,853005,0,0,844847,0,0,822134,0,0,852985,0,0,817800,0,0,422956,0,0,566,6,50005,"UR","ST" 16,9,1,2,2,159,3,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","BRDGEPT HBR",0,"LIGHT OIL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,289,498,533,83,144,555,103,183,538,278,575,297,94,164,466,159,276,523,127,224,632,239,436,363,60,105,591,207,368,557,52,92,465,58,101,530,568,6,53003,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,159,3,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","BRDGEPT HBR",0,"HEAVY OIL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,12678,20036,157706,31465,49414,142873,1716,2749,140124,28015,51807,143380,11615,18496,124884,34707,55499,150609,43253,69685,122107,18699,30642,149294,6814,10677,163242,4908,7842,155400,4195,6665,148735,54634,86347,0,568,6,53003,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,2,6,159,3,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","BRDGEPT HBR",0,"BIT COAL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,193441,73716,182983,223214,85285,166858,221070,86802,148636,4755,2176,201542,224862,86475,170775,217578,84500,168741,225684,88542,121774,166492,67303,123827,199715,77070,157924,143992,56780,199095,198867,77375,176894,249682,95223,163986,568,6,53003,"BIT","ST" 16,9,1,4,2,159,3,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","BRDGEPT HBR",0,"LIGHT OIL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,4,8,549,151,259,469,0,0,647,5,12,635,10,18,617,12,22,595,145,256,696,308,560,493,63,111,560,0,0,560,9,16,545,75,130,594,568,6,53003,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,2,159,5,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","ENGLISH",0,"LIGHT OIL",19497,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,569,6,53003,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,159,5,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","ENGLISH",0,"HEAVY OIL",19497,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,569,6,53003,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,2,2,159,12,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","N HAVEN HBR",0,"LIGHT OIL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,876,1540,484,437,731,468,424,737,445,327,564,583,511,892,406,254,441,667,361,632,570,401,702,762,359,651,646,23,502,680,959,1741,546,779,1314,482,6156,6,53003,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,159,12,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","N HAVEN HBR",0,"HEAVY OIL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,104071,166097,286634,171042,260046,151260,95848,151028,241794,147390,227183,379543,69013,110799,306351,74009,117219,286218,97251,153426,333078,88533,139665,374595,39346,64393,310202,163,3184,307018,72476,120773,186245,162959,252660,0,6156,6,53003,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,2,9,159,12,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","N HAVEN HBR",0,"NAT GAS",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,31250,307224,0,64504,630374,0,76077,749979,0,81590,800742,0,99404,985733,0,49501,489902,0,13044,134068,0,34,4180,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6156,6,53003,"NG","ST" 16,9,5,1,,556,5,"NORWICH (CITY OF)","SECOND ST",0,,13831,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,5,0,0,174,0,0,101,0,0,67,0,0,17,0,0,180,0,0,272,0,0,324,0,0,580,6,52123,"WAT","HY" 16,9,5,1,,556,10,"NORWICH (CITY OF)","OCCUM",0,,13831,"0A",1294,,,95,516,0,0,356,0,0,529,0,0,370,0,0,225,0,0,257,0,0,63,0,0,95,0,0,42,0,0,215,0,0,420,0,0,292,0,0,582,6,52123,"WAT","HY" 16,9,5,1,,556,13,"NORWICH (CITY OF)","TENTH ST",0,,13831,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,83,0,0,0,0,0,113,0,0,54,0,0,255,0,0,534,0,0,636,0,0,583,6,52123,"WAT","HY" 16,9,5,4,2,556,20,"NORWICH (CITY OF)","N MAIN ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",13831,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,1935,53,168,1767,0,0,1767,0,0,1767,23,56,1711,62,161,1550,402,1007,1693,531,1325,1518,0,0,1518,0,0,1518,0,0,1518,117,296,2388,581,6,52123,"FO2","GT" 16,9,5,3,2,560,1,"SOUTH NORWALK (CITY OF)","SO NORWALK",0,"LIGHT OIL",17569,"0A",1294,,,95,50,90,1114,84,147,1614,27,49,1523,27,45,1455,71,123,1331,70,125,1235,242,444,819,209,351,1604,20,34,1570,2,4,1736,9,13,1671,98,158,1418,6598,6,52704,"FO2","IC" 16,9,5,2,3,567,1,"WALLINGFORD (CITY OF)","PIERCE",0,"HEAVY OIL",20038,"0A",1294,,,95,0,15,1540,368,1067,2318,0,0,2318,0,0,2318,0,0,2318,0,0,2318,0,0,2318,0,0,2318,146,445,1873,0,0,1873,0,0,1873,0,0,1873,6635,6,53175,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,1,,35,10,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","DASHVILLE",0,,3249,"0M",1294,,,95,2381,0,0,502,0,0,1130,0,0,814,0,0,844,0,0,273,0,0,156,0,0,52,0,0,6,0,0,1173,0,0,1735,0,0,901,0,0,2481,6,50484,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,35,18,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","NEVERSINK",0,,3249,"0M",1294,,,95,4408,0,0,4221,0,0,4645,0,0,2716,0,0,2618,0,0,2849,0,0,10968,0,0,9289,0,0,3298,0,0,2724,0,0,2482,0,0,4970,0,0,2483,6,50484,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,35,20,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","STURGEON PL",0,,3249,"0M",1294,,,95,9300,0,0,4140,0,0,8251,0,0,4665,0,0,3127,0,0,1123,0,0,872,0,0,359,0,0,111,0,0,5834,0,0,7954,0,0,3663,0,0,2486,6,50484,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,3,35,25,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","DANSKAMMER",0,"HEAVY OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,10567,2887,4585,13091,0,0,13091,0,0,13091,377,619,12472,1176,2123,10349,198,406,9943,0,0,9943,0,0,9943,0,0,9943,16,30,9913,0,0,9913,2480,6,50484,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,35,25,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","DANSKAMMER",0,"BIT COAL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,180547,67912,176943,208851,77841,149786,144579,54893,173619,180437,67955,164986,58267,23110,161831,149627,57630,163884,131893,51114,152154,127793,49654,170960,144488,55872,134561,60315,24424,150152,137406,60589,138420,208309,77898,129136,2480,6,50484,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,35,25,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","DANSKAMMER",0,"NAT GAS",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,12788,136338,0,5348,58875,0,52133,554622,0,1003,12881,0,26410,269381,0,9355,110458,0,50047,563362,0,64005,727957,0,42268,475832,0,72329,806049,0,21208,238996,0,526,5007,0,2480,6,50484,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,35,25,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","DANSKAMMER",0,"LIGHT OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,38,70,119,10,15,278,29,38,240,10,9,231,5,9,222,30,55,167,29,60,281,48,81,200,48,99,274,48,83,191,38,76,289,9,16,273,2480,6,50484,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,35,35,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","SOUTH CAIRO",0,"LIGHT OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,74,178,2486,0,0,2486,0,0,2486,0,0,2486,13,31,2455,198,577,1878,16,34,1844,70,197,1647,0,0,2719,0,0,2719,39,93,2626,18,49,2577,2485,6,50484,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,35,40,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","W COXSACKIE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,2487,6,50484,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,35,40,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","W COXSACKIE",0,"NAT GAS",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,90,1181,0,32,427,0,0,0,0,45,632,0,59,962,0,631,9351,0,109,1557,0,530,7243,0,0,0,0,52,789,0,180,2430,0,69,1043,0,2487,6,50484,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,2,35,45,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","ROSETON JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,1744,3069,2289,782,1361,3014,1071,2036,2369,0,0,2542,0,0,2542,0,0,2542,0,0,2542,0,0,2542,0,0,2542,0,17,2525,654,2512,1229,581,1004,2137,8006,6,50484,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,35,45,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","ROSETON JO",0,"HEAVY OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,49649,80148,781308,157108,249990,495225,13890,23984,478029,0,0,478029,0,0,478029,0,0,604069,0,0,604069,0,0,604069,0,0,604069,0,0,589640,1356,4755,599314,189513,299562,451927,8006,6,50484,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,35,45,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","ROSETON JO",0,"NAT GAS",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,33526,336575,0,69660,692555,0,24026,260204,0,0,0,0,177930,1880760,0,186946,1950511,0,310122,3310810,0,247281,2627847,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2849,61824,0,7068,69278,0,8006,6,50484,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,1,,35,50,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","HIGH FALLS",0,,3249,"0M",1294,,,95,1184,0,0,92,0,0,1122,0,0,69,0,0,143,0,0,23,0,0,26,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,340,0,0,1057,0,0,170,0,0,579,6,50484,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,37,5,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","CARVERS FLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,921,0,0,597,0,0,1182,0,0,1121,0,0,691,0,0,250,0,0,18,0,0,58,0,0,0,0,0,391,0,0,1196,0,0,502,0,0,6456,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,3,40,1,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ARTHUR KILL",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,7328,11940,18519,0,0,18519,0,0,18519,0,0,18513,0,0,18513,2490,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,1,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ARTHUR KILL",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,-1408,17220,0,-1393,16473,0,-1276,5546,0,42517,495291,0,55216,582417,0,194234,1938196,0,301093,2957985,0,278373,2754690,0,147636,1480827,0,-1783,3561,0,-1398,5,0,-1433,5,0,2490,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,1,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ARTHUR KILL",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,13,44,1913,67,194,1823,0,0,1823,36,79,1744,215,635,1882,298,918,2083,566,1739,2154,371,1201,1884,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2490,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,1,40,2,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","INDIAN PT",0,"NUCLEAR",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,562851,0,0,52711,0,0,-6970,0,0,-3790,0,0,-13730,0,0,241777,0,0,674078,0,0,678357,0,0,681364,0,0,661697,0,0,694091,0,0,636105,0,0,2497,6,50653,"UR","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,40,3,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ASTORIA",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,44284,69523,204071,87234,136417,162405,51168,80603,150832,37361,58624,135192,36339,59441,192317,36196,59149,130130,89762,143025,106180,87335,138221,98117,59995,93814,117887,54037,87216,125085,64568,101738,117638,289554,461968,161157,8906,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,3,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ASTORIA",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,270672,2666431,0,244705,2376465,0,354262,3528212,0,241575,2383868,0,275033,2732177,0,466083,4630924,0,417404,4132582,0,422777,4216725,0,331846,3235732,0,333120,3377003,0,267480,2653281,0,78615,787377,0,8906,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,3,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ASTORIA",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,1484,3523,70541,935,2176,68112,695,1314,66869,1270,3125,63744,1033,2385,61076,1517,3666,57410,5121,12698,44790,1655,4191,48468,794,1989,67296,758,1842,65454,651,1541,63965,4785,11328,52945,8906,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,40,3,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ASTORIA",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,1238,16825,0,4723,63317,0,9436,102713,0,19761,279920,0,13199,175023,0,14602,203072,0,50641,721027,0,30754,443611,0,22755,324431,0,10683,150198,0,29807,410036,0,1300,17862,0,8906,6,50653,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,40,5,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","EAST RIVER",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,48411,100447,260377,52328,112594,251467,22577,46041,196293,14368,29471,111609,10915,20599,75923,9443,18148,129321,17347,33410,143239,17145,35799,154704,57,119,208820,391,883,155405,24581,53489,125358,26299,56899,135819,2493,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,5,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","EAST RIVER",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,22936,297706,0,16423,222129,0,33740,432005,0,32894,424765,0,83114,976015,0,52018,626673,0,74759,901280,0,43540,571392,0,62070,814818,0,38780,549257,0,26334,362630,0,4079,55677,0,2493,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,40,8,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","59TH STREET",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,134,711,28019,-168,0,13932,-186,0,17029,-180,0,14663,-186,0,16921,-180,0,14962,-186,0,34238,-186,0,28013,0,0,18655,-186,0,24175,-180,0,21506,-186,0,15408,2503,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,8,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","59TH STREET",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-180,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2503,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,8,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","59TH STREET",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2421,12,43,2379,0,0,2379,34,63,2315,382,920,2169,220,532,2101,517,1422,2132,154,399,2018,0,0,2018,0,0,2018,0,0,2019,0,0,2019,2503,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,40,10,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","GOWANUS",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,3431,10187,54995,3032,8863,61517,3332,9885,51514,5596,16946,54888,9656,30399,58173,10867,35156,51183,35078,112111,54362,18095,69179,54055,9925,32320,51120,3062,9091,61678,11850,35551,63660,11082,31386,52408,2494,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,40,17,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","INDIAN PT",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,10,470,1357,110,334,1476,0,0,1438,10,26,1387,190,648,1553,120,502,1367,618,1994,1429,339,1276,1561,10,65,1518,10,49,1466,70,568,1361,10,79,1524,2497,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,40,18,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","HUDSON AVE",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,13942,16640,116475,22892,27677,121761,19571,25683,88715,5881,7513,112117,13579,17821,145862,8960,11221,121321,17004,23012,156902,16358,21789,184711,8488,11589,233738,9039,12876,207818,15377,22058,190563,21649,30797,210122,2496,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,18,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","HUDSON AVE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,32,106,3790,262,520,3270,24,63,4088,0,0,4088,318,932,4131,366,1254,4363,1154,3982,3948,684,2253,4361,44,148,4212,7,28,4185,255,954,4157,0,0,4471,2496,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,40,23,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","NARROWS BAY",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,1815,5002,70995,2374,6488,64363,3121,8503,70742,4829,13085,57595,4696,13259,61188,7112,20641,70359,14360,43802,86922,0,0,86754,113,310,61193,358,1046,60146,2527,7040,53007,5977,17365,64411,2499,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,40,23,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","NARROWS BAY",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,160,2545,0,0,0,0,1437,23105,0,3151,50378,0,5478,91177,0,7841,132409,0,26727,472807,0,23321,410674,0,8725,137237,0,6684,112244,0,14121,266734,0,726,12168,0,2499,6,50653,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,40,25,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","RAVENSWOOD",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,56562,96769,43835,156038,248776,28947,15866,27428,34677,22910,42845,42500,30055,54093,37926,31922,55970,39660,31596,55334,44269,54612,90412,42941,11656,19796,32055,4144,7555,26939,45172,77641,44297,97823,181018,43354,2500,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,25,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","RAVENSWOOD",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,209768,2234824,0,193780,1928735,0,161992,1747544,0,161776,1895581,0,200509,2260799,0,241862,2659354,0,377330,4132582,0,492580,5112387,0,269868,2872681,0,121326,1378858,0,190022,2065045,0,34903,408143,0,2500,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,25,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","RAVENSWOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,317,1144,40469,1114,3166,37304,412,1109,36195,1364,3752,32443,0,0,32613,292,765,31848,1020,2785,39004,707,2001,37003,43,116,38759,232,819,37940,91,256,37684,3105,8078,40525,2500,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,40,25,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","RAVENSWOOD",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,699,14506,0,461,7543,0,1614,25061,0,3849,61087,0,2639,36379,0,6191,93115,0,11215,178768,0,7292,120354,0,2766,43431,0,1873,38571,0,2782,45521,0,533,8123,0,2500,6,50653,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,40,30,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","74TH STREET",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,4001,11849,37330,7337,16422,1428,4042,7539,1190,6302,7774,1190,11192,14181,1190,8567,12004,1190,7521,9483,1190,3846,5472,1365,3937,4892,1428,-949,0,1429,3253,6242,1429,3602,5677,1429,2504,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,30,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","74TH STREET",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,-13,0,1690,-11,0,2143,-12,0,2083,-12,0,1952,-3,12,1881,-12,0,1762,-12,24,1738,-13,0,1747,-12,0,1548,-12,0,1524,-12,0,1595,-12,0,2202,2504,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,40,40,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","WATERSIDE",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,3119,5797,0,25178,41438,0,1003,1798,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,146,266,0,2502,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,40,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","WATERSIDE",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,59934,697096,0,47441,490868,0,53623,603408,0,39082,449151,0,37250,448243,0,36423,288224,0,55999,633276,0,55829,627391,0,38346,480259,0,35286,396996,0,48220,540897,0,63071,723341,0,2502,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,40,50,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","OIL STORAGE",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2766499,0,0,2324286,0,0,2545579,0,0,2254272,0,0,1899927,0,0,1649376,0,0,1484314,0,0,1332860,0,0,1420463,0,0,1532278,0,0,1814997,0,0,1473629,8801,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,60,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","OIL STORAGE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,204071,0,0,265070,0,0,259969,0,0,242953,0,0,247234,0,0,245330,0,0,259288,0,0,251578,0,0,241219,0,0,257945,0,0,250930,0,0,243796,8802,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,40,65,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","BUCHANAN",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,55,213,3746,295,599,4326,12,22,4481,20,42,4440,199,586,4211,634,1857,4497,979,2573,4452,907,2783,4475,35,172,4303,63,247,4282,398,1093,4230,56,191,4039,4233,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,1,,49,5,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","DEXTER",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,2082,0,0,1260,0,0,2412,0,0,1860,0,0,1134,0,0,690,0,0,834,0,0,558,0,0,666,0,0,1998,0,0,2619,0,0,1908,0,0,2505,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,10,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","PYRITES #1",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,228,0,0,53,0,0,337,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2506,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,12,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","PYRITES #2",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,2658,0,0,1453,0,0,3335,0,0,2856,0,0,2370,0,0,1044,0,0,630,0,0,678,0,0,606,0,0,2458,0,0,3186,0,0,2166,0,0,7031,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,15,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","HAILESBORO",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,1037,0,0,706,0,0,1087,0,0,1097,0,0,854,0,0,509,0,0,415,0,0,624,0,0,389,0,0,982,0,0,1159,0,0,780,0,0,6573,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,20,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","FOWLER",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,426,0,0,394,0,0,515,0,0,491,0,0,515,0,0,316,0,0,245,0,0,349,0,0,250,0,0,398,0,0,507,0,0,434,0,0,6572,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,25,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","#6 MILL",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,471,0,0,407,0,0,463,0,0,491,0,0,394,0,0,231,0,0,201,0,0,313,0,0,208,0,0,384,0,0,494,0,0,499,0,0,453,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,50,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","COPENHAGEN",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,1176,0,0,560,0,0,1460,0,0,1532,0,0,460,0,0,108,0,0,360,0,0,112,0,0,312,0,0,1396,0,0,1884,0,0,924,0,0,742,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,55,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","DIAMOND IS",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,665,0,0,468,0,0,733,0,0,702,0,0,504,0,0,251,0,0,228,0,0,190,0,0,239,0,0,583,0,0,773,0,0,616,0,0,2553,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,60,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","THERESA",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,752,0,0,606,0,0,800,0,0,836,0,0,556,0,0,150,0,0,78,0,0,202,0,0,34,0,0,710,0,0,842,0,0,794,0,0,2618,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,70,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","#3 MILL",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,456,0,0,350,0,0,485,0,0,483,0,0,398,0,0,240,0,0,157,0,0,294,0,0,180,0,0,283,0,0,456,0,0,346,0,0,743,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,75,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","GOODYEAR LK",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,640,0,0,400,0,0,757,0,0,542,0,0,315,0,0,166,0,0,49,0,0,25,0,0,19,0,0,171,0,0,575,0,0,550,0,0,7358,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,3,2,59,1,"FISHERS IS ELEC CORP (THE","FISHERS ISL",0,"LIGHT OIL",6369,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6575,6,50989,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,87,1,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","W BABYLON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-9,0,10978,184,398,10580,-10,0,10580,-8,0,10580,-10,0,10580,-10,0,10580,1589,3799,6781,1012,2525,9994,-8,0,9994,23,63,9931,12,52,9878,-6,0,9878,2521,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,2,87,2,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E F BARRETT",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,189,351,31,0,0,31,0,0,0,0,0,0,2511,6,51685,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,87,2,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E F BARRETT",0,"HEAVY OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,7679,13204,183912,19277,32691,151221,6888,12026,167809,7622,13054,154755,21364,35883,118872,5001,8521,110351,0,0,100351,0,0,150055,0,0,176621,0,0,176621,4499,7876,168745,30931,52133,130983,2511,6,51685,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,87,2,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E F BARRETT",0,"NAT GAS",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,88641,923891,0,72376,743992,0,119516,1265049,0,108791,1129535,0,161464,1644681,0,176300,1817157,0,201713,2124759,0,207176,2182914,0,194067,2023621,0,176719,1855067,0,152642,1622397,0,111293,1143313,0,2511,6,51685,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,87,2,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E F BARRETT",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,89,272,21050,2511,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,87,2,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E F BARRETT",0,"NAT GAS",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,2584,48858,0,2455,39578,0,396,9580,0,7540,115964,0,15423,241318,0,13024,203027,0,13183,202506,0,13611,214090,0,2215,41056,0,3367,60239,0,3070,49795,0,1324,23100,0,2511,6,51685,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,87,5,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","FAR ROCKWAY",0,"HEAVY OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,2513,6,51685,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,87,5,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","FAR ROCKWAY",0,"NAT GAS",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,35652,370173,0,-382,0,0,37901,413154,0,47344,499677,0,39814,418408,0,43785,454694,0,44918,522402,0,46370,490439,0,46043,485717,0,32114,356625,0,40424,437203,0,48243,507731,0,2513,6,51685,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,87,15,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","GLENWOOD",0,"HEAVY OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2514,6,51685,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,87,15,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","GLENWOOD",0,"NAT GAS",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,57152,656357,0,88875,989013,0,43090,513102,0,64609,758501,0,65972,764067,0,85437,987225,0,91585,1053103,0,91614,1044546,0,87436,984844,0,70615,831640,0,65930,771090,0,72860,814525,0,2514,6,51685,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,87,15,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","GLENWOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-13,0,28987,348,833,28155,-2,113,28042,-10,0,28042,-15,0,28042,308,112,27929,1020,3353,24576,1330,3635,20941,-16,0,20941,52,122,20819,-18,0,20787,-15,0,20787,2514,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,3,2,87,17,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E HAMPTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-6,0,971,33,69,902,-4,4,898,-6,0,898,-1,8,890,2,12,878,464,935,369,527,862,816,51,112,705,-6,0,705,-1,4,915,0,3,911,2512,6,51685,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,87,17,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E HAMPTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-17,0,2876,-11,17,2859,-15,0,2859,-9,0,2859,-4,25,2834,34,116,2718,2330,5851,265,2246,5851,2259,76,212,2471,-10,0,2471,27,113,2789,-12,0,2789,2512,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,87,18,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","SOUTHOLD",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-8,0,2716,-15,0,2716,-15,0,2716,-11,0,2716,-9,0,2716,14,79,2637,79,316,2534,39,174,2784,-8,0,2784,-8,0,2784,33,160,2624,-15,0,2624,2520,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,2,87,21,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","NORTHPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,393,703,2446,1919,3360,10568,787,1448,10918,244,438,10694,0,0,10694,1255,2346,10708,543,987,10787,859,1604,10653,1224,1286,10857,0,0,11070,42,78,10992,866,1558,10948,2516,6,51685,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,87,21,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","NORTHPORT",0,"HEAVY OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,251839,410183,917940,419721,669714,545119,137170,230153,627264,93546,156459,751601,4614,7948,743653,138528,235371,730114,232571,387065,831393,198326,339587,780654,65679,111985,948390,0,0,1048629,13006,22156,1026473,263245,435054,787488,2516,6,51685,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,87,21,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","NORTHPORT",0,"NAT GAS",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,161173,1656185,0,109357,1099738,0,179917,1902183,0,179876,1858552,0,249772,2620522,0,277680,2980882,0,392501,4094975,0,395601,4243388,0,332956,3533654,0,339896,3613412,0,310631,3313635,0,259449,2673147,0,2516,6,51685,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,87,21,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","NORTHPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-16,0,2030,-16,0,2030,11,87,1943,-13,0,1943,-12,0,1943,-8,15,1928,10,25,1904,24,175,1729,-2,17,1712,-7,0,0,-15,0,1290,-10,0,1506,2516,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,3,2,87,23,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","SHOREHAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2518,6,51685,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,87,23,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","SHOREHAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-4,0,10375,81,259,11414,11,38,11377,-7,0,11377,340,528,10848,91,128,10720,441,1417,9303,551,846,15679,5,41,15638,18,32,15605,-4,0,15605,-7,3,15602,2518,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,2,87,24,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","P JEFFERSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,505,940,248,368,651,173,451,865,267,430,769,71,340,624,210,273,507,271,308,573,265,205,379,265,120,230,224,260,511,310,181,337,162,173,317,229,2517,6,51685,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,87,24,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","P JEFFERSON",0,"HEAVY OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,83231,142447,374658,116002,187180,292517,84682,149701,363973,88134,146337,217636,86246,147673,240914,86540,147162,367784,119762,202643,388397,116504,197519,283029,62653,110443,267311,37059,67418,404544,57551,98596,305948,73017,122780,291514,2517,6,51685,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,87,24,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","P JEFFERSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,14,70,2055,36,150,1905,-16,0,1905,-11,0,1905,30,100,1805,15,79,1726,94,282,1444,49,175,2118,-8,0,2118,2,49,2069,-12,0,2069,-14,0,2069,2517,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,87,26,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","SOUTHAMPTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-16,0,2575,22,137,2438,-17,0,2438,-9,0,2438,-4,9,2430,36,153,2277,200,649,2266,170,698,2628,-11,0,2628,-8,0,2628,-2,0,2628,-18,0,2628,2519,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,3,2,87,29,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","MONTAUK",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-6,0,685,34,66,619,-6,0,619,-6,0,619,0,0,619,2,46,572,274,574,424,184,319,529,57,109,420,-6,0,420,0,23,611,-6,0,611,2515,6,51685,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,87,30,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","HOLTSVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,3418,7966,65483,2730,6945,98989,1349,3183,95807,3573,8991,86815,1220,3009,83806,4957,12317,71489,13538,28073,71475,15481,41712,89159,785,2396,86763,-94,234,86529,427,1487,85042,2296,5778,79264,8007,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,87,35,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","BROOKHAVEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,2290,4982,38416,2652,6010,38901,226,279,38622,3165,6704,37310,6210,13571,28376,6235,12488,40846,9816,21210,30472,9736,19194,39142,-52,0,39142,113,688,40071,528,1470,40751,2660,5996,37572,7146,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,1,,100,1,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","CADYVILLE",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,2289,0,0,1760,0,0,2697,0,0,2249,0,0,2033,0,0,1277,0,0,1043,0,0,1271,0,0,873,0,0,1835,0,0,2411,0,0,1256,0,0,2522,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,3,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","MILL 'C'",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,1082,0,0,1120,0,0,1325,0,0,1217,0,0,1424,0,0,918,2,0,782,0,0,1153,0,0,591,0,0,1982,0,0,2696,0,0,728,0,0,6486,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,8,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","HIGH FALLS",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,8036,0,0,6467,0,0,9348,0,0,7548,0,0,6945,0,0,4111,0,0,3127,0,0,4402,0,0,2270,0,0,1885,0,0,8998,0,0,6023,0,0,2530,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,9,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","KENT FALLS",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,4267,0,0,3614,0,0,5729,0,0,4500,0,0,4403,0,0,2459,0,0,1821,0,0,2011,0,0,1112,0,0,2429,0,0,0,0,0,2462,0,0,2532,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,11,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","KEUKA",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,479,0,0,618,0,0,1104,0,0,424,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,246,0,0,368,0,0,87,0,0,2533,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,18,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","RAINBOW FLS",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,844,0,0,484,0,0,1136,0,0,1424,0,0,2008,0,0,1044,0,0,972,0,0,828,0,0,572,0,0,920,0,0,1432,0,0,800,0,0,6526,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,20,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","SENECA FLS",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,929,0,0,0,0,0,237,0,0,418,0,0,57,0,0,12,0,0,35,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,144,0,0,1097,0,0,1515,0,0,6525,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,26,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","WATERLOO",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,218,0,0,0,0,0,91,0,0,167,0,0,47,0,0,38,0,0,63,0,0,15,0,0,0,0,0,28,0,0,273,0,0,435,0,0,2538,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,2,100,28,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","GOUDEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,4,6,902,7,12,922,38,860,816,166,1093,889,115,412,787,23,40,755,14,25,726,19,34,1012,88,159,674,17,29,652,15,27,781,57,99,755,2526,6,52036,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,28,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","GOUDEY",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,49140,18404,38386,47957,17309,33487,38535,14154,31196,29944,11570,19706,47570,19243,17396,46082,17833,16951,48114,18609,8401,48907,19270,14458,47509,18547,11816,46734,17563,21803,47743,17962,29205,49938,18814,16951,2526,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,2,100,30,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","GREENIDGE",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,49,84,1482,143,249,1673,49,85,1663,69,118,1503,97,194,1276,101,268,963,140,255,1024,312,565,929,134,232,1184,28,65,1082,27,47,1003,135,254,963,2527,6,52036,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,30,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","GREENIDGE",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,59064,22369,46139,64896,24628,34337,56536,21560,33567,61588,23327,27754,60141,23147,16512,44718,17812,44179,56844,23346,35975,63282,25535,39483,33115,12718,51031,52461,19935,48906,51733,19814,48981,79778,32545,44179,2527,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,32,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","HICKLING",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,29937,25353,59845,37278,28317,42388,31428,24287,26231,36848,29367,9739,25540,20965,7417,26619,21486,11619,19927,15033,13417,19292,17747,12211,16109,14260,19398,15799,13125,25995,15584,11444,38506,16518,14020,11619,2529,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,"B",100,34,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","JENNISON",0,"WOOD CHIP",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,1937,0,0,2506,0,0,1706,0,0,446,0,0,510,0,0,631,0,0,0,0,0,966,0,0,1443,0,0,1357,0,0,215,0,0,517,0,0,2531,6,52036,"WOD","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,34,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","JENNISON",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,18813,12027,31771,27918,18374,13300,18598,13682,9272,12405,9568,1166,10568,8258,1035,8066,6810,737,10639,7167,2889,9803,7780,5121,7664,6371,9926,7104,5362,9933,11173,7198,8195,18436,12369,737,2531,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,2,100,35,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","MILLIKEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,206,337,1812,188,320,1856,273,465,1873,142,244,1879,53,94,1978,249,452,1841,116,209,1815,158,288,1863,211,385,1831,258,462,1670,59,105,1738,26,47,1841,2535,6,52036,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,35,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","MILLIKEN",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,192258,68792,79141,180255,67185,80127,183681,68408,89806,153861,58397,69230,98273,37927,98714,132074,52498,118633,185234,73165,90889,184163,73756,101056,131693,53020,97110,185372,73940,102961,167135,65625,99048,191784,76075,118633,2535,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,100,35,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","MILLIKEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,0,1,0,20,38,0,3,84,0,104,107,0,54,144,0,1,38,0,-64,39,0,10,20,0,0,1,0,12,39,0,11,44,0,17,32,0,2535,6,52036,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,3,2,100,40,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","HARRIS LAKE",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,-11,0,405,0,0,349,0,0,0,-4,0,313,0,0,260,0,0,242,64,122,269,12,25,244,2,0,436,0,0,357,0,0,290,-13,0,242,2528,6,52036,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,1,,100,43,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","MECHANICVLE",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,9072,0,0,6867,0,0,9702,0,0,6867,0,0,4347,0,0,2961,0,0,1134,0,0,2331,0,0,1953,0,0,5670,0,0,12663,0,0,8946,0,0,625,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,2,100,50,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","KINTIGH",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,219,378,4169,770,1322,2904,474,811,3335,953,1656,3113,165,283,2839,314,543,2288,879,1523,3426,394,685,2738,627,1087,4124,1183,2162,2118,626,1094,4657,509,873,2288,6082,6,52036,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,50,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","KINTIGH",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,429496,166336,132032,393694,148405,142690,419527,160683,178911,416807,160659,178855,418612,159916,174957,381565,146069,162034,348178,133246,124345,413546,158604,73112,376458,141570,75380,181079,73253,130474,363691,142233,133771,423315,159637,162034,6082,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,1,105,1,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","NINE MILE P",0,"NUCLEAR",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,368414,0,0,58742,0,0,0,0,0,332154,0,0,459193,0,0,439571,0,0,434942,0,0,437261,0,0,420930,0,0,452099,0,0,441551,0,0,459844,0,0,2589,6,52053,"UR","ST" 21,36,1,2,1,105,2,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","NINE MILE P",0,"NUCLEAR",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,694823,0,0,533574,0,0,742888,0,0,149501,0,0,0,0,0,575400,0,0,821880,0,0,766368,0,0,443850,0,0,845303,0,0,824493,0,0,841323,0,0,2589,6,52053,"UR","ST" 21,36,1,1,,105,5,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALLENS FLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2087,0,0,1758,0,0,2479,0,0,2662,0,0,2344,0,0,1289,0,0,1268,0,0,1240,0,0,1099,0,0,2308,0,0,2305,0,0,2092,0,0,2540,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,10,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BALDWINSVLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,205,0,0,112,0,0,221,0,0,171,0,0,60,0,0,7,0,0,-3,0,0,16,0,0,1,0,0,57,0,0,217,0,0,140,0,0,2542,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,15,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BELFORT",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,861,0,0,751,0,0,805,0,0,464,0,0,550,0,0,561,0,0,714,0,0,764,0,0,730,0,0,557,0,0,1171,0,0,1354,0,0,2544,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,20,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BENNETTS B",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,10231,0,0,5759,0,0,9838,0,0,5346,0,0,4404,0,0,1938,0,0,-33,0,0,313,0,0,5443,0,0,9001,0,0,13335,0,0,6313,0,0,2545,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,25,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BLACK RIVER",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3477,0,0,2422,0,0,3823,0,0,3907,0,0,2562,0,0,1270,0,0,1501,0,0,948,0,0,1559,0,0,3563,0,0,4456,0,0,3477,0,0,2546,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,30,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BLAKE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,6604,0,0,6486,0,0,5072,0,0,2962,0,0,3721,0,0,3715,0,0,672,0,0,2828,0,0,1682,0,0,3534,0,0,9144,0,0,6300,0,0,2547,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,35,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BROWNS FLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,6785,0,0,3738,0,0,4510,0,0,1724,0,0,1746,0,0,1866,0,0,545,0,0,2901,0,0,1160,0,0,4896,0,0,7492,0,0,3767,0,0,2548,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,40,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","CHASM",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1902,0,0,1138,0,0,1426,0,0,1777,0,0,1751,0,0,1323,0,0,994,0,0,1236,0,0,1014,0,0,1752,0,0,1795,0,0,1489,0,0,2550,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,45,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","COLTON",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,20600,0,0,18761,0,0,20043,0,0,13701,0,0,15937,0,0,15548,0,0,9456,0,0,14510,0,0,7469,0,0,15049,0,0,2073,0,0,19935,0,0,2551,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,50,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","DEFERIET",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,4478,0,0,3495,0,0,5869,0,0,5234,0,0,3642,0,0,1740,0,0,1638,0,0,1204,0,0,1248,0,0,5355,0,0,7027,0,0,4656,0,0,2552,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,65,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","EAGLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2653,0,0,2021,0,0,2505,0,0,1200,0,0,1421,0,0,1737,0,0,2331,0,0,1979,0,0,2045,0,0,1398,0,0,3203,0,0,3777,0,0,2555,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,70,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","EEL WEIR",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,866,0,0,622,0,0,964,0,0,803,0,0,524,0,0,203,0,0,115,0,0,125,0,0,7,0,0,655,0,0,1332,0,0,994,0,0,2556,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,75,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","EFFLEY",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1093,0,0,986,0,0,1153,0,0,580,0,0,694,0,0,845,0,0,905,0,0,982,0,0,900,0,0,740,0,0,1558,0,0,1767,0,0,2557,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,80,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ELMER",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,812,0,0,575,0,0,796,0,0,380,0,0,439,0,0,552,0,0,441,0,0,640,0,0,593,0,0,496,0,0,1010,0,0,1135,0,0,2559,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,85,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ET NORFOLK",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2479,0,0,1995,0,0,2559,0,0,1703,0,0,1975,0,0,1859,0,0,1059,0,0,1731,0,0,851,0,0,1883,0,0,2471,0,0,2519,0,0,2561,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,90,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","FIVE FALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,10795,0,0,10405,0,0,8347,0,0,4782,0,0,5926,0,0,5896,0,0,3396,0,0,5619,0,0,2631,0,0,5807,0,0,14654,0,0,10198,0,0,2562,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,95,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","FLAT ROCK",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1503,0,0,871,0,0,1489,0,0,592,0,0,450,0,0,401,0,0,136,0,0,528,0,0,169,0,0,1414,0,0,1912,0,0,876,0,0,2563,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,98,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","FRANKLIN F",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,775,0,0,767,0,0,1052,0,0,613,0,0,385,0,0,496,0,0,336,0,0,352,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,2564,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,100,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","FULTON",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,464,0,0,333,0,0,608,0,0,437,0,0,459,0,0,300,0,0,406,0,0,363,0,0,304,0,0,474,0,0,653,0,0,625,0,0,2566,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,105,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","GRANBY",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,5845,0,0,3502,0,0,6558,0,0,1324,0,0,640,0,0,477,0,0,-38,0,0,491,0,0,-42,0,0,3025,0,0,5404,0,0,5157,0,0,2569,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,110,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HANNAWA",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,5253,0,0,4772,0,0,5248,0,0,3332,0,0,4051,0,0,3941,0,0,2329,0,0,3797,0,0,1747,0,0,1086,0,0,2696,0,0,5321,0,0,2571,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,115,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HERRINGS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1980,0,0,1586,0,0,2151,0,0,2116,0,0,1509,0,0,629,0,0,705,0,0,371,0,0,337,0,0,1747,0,0,2341,0,0,2187,0,0,2572,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,120,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HEUVELTON",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,458,0,0,468,0,0,484,0,0,556,0,0,455,0,0,254,0,0,195,0,0,277,0,0,149,0,0,433,0,0,506,0,0,588,0,0,2573,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,125,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HIGH DAM 6",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,1863,0,0,2023,0,0,1494,0,0,922,0,0,725,0,0,989,0,0,179,0,0,2024,0,0,2607,0,0,3766,0,0,2574,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,126,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HIGH FALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2622,0,0,1900,0,0,2648,0,0,1268,0,0,1439,0,0,1814,0,0,2106,0,0,1998,0,0,1847,0,0,1571,0,0,3045,0,0,3527,0,0,2575,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,130,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HIGLEY",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3414,0,0,2999,0,0,3075,0,0,1774,0,0,2177,0,0,2037,0,0,1416,0,0,2086,0,0,1120,0,0,2315,0,0,3556,0,0,3242,0,0,2576,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,135,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HOGANSBURG",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,98,0,0,143,0,0,192,0,0,192,0,0,148,0,0,129,0,0,87,0,0,146,0,0,79,0,0,113,0,0,186,0,0,218,0,0,2577,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,140,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","KAMARGO",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2374,0,0,1857,0,0,2750,0,0,2638,0,0,1924,0,0,960,0,0,1034,0,0,398,0,0,612,0,0,2497,0,0,3433,0,0,1788,0,0,2581,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,145,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","LIGHTHOUSE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2431,0,0,1342,0,0,2514,0,0,1178,0,0,925,0,0,399,0,0,-14,0,0,-14,0,0,1080,0,0,1999,0,0,3282,0,0,1507,0,0,2582,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,155,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","MACOMB",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,434,0,0,398,0,0,641,0,0,569,0,0,481,0,0,319,0,0,-4,0,0,-4,0,0,132,0,0,534,0,0,627,0,0,520,0,0,2583,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,160,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","MINETTO",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3847,0,0,2604,0,0,4467,0,0,2022,0,0,1607,0,0,940,0,0,602,0,0,800,0,0,427,0,0,1690,0,0,4151,0,0,4554,0,0,2586,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,165,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","MOSHIER",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2698,0,0,2561,0,0,2447,0,0,1064,0,0,1751,0,0,2554,0,0,2993,0,0,2896,0,0,2791,0,0,736,0,0,3994,0,0,5506,0,0,2588,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,170,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","NORFOLK",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2391,0,0,2156,0,0,2979,0,0,1872,0,0,2207,0,0,2139,0,0,1223,0,0,2018,0,0,958,0,0,2054,0,0,3088,0,0,2630,0,0,2590,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,175,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","NORWOOD",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1536,0,0,1408,0,0,1536,0,0,938,0,0,1146,0,0,1136,0,0,605,0,0,1104,0,0,480,0,0,1072,0,0,1232,0,0,1488,0,0,2591,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,180,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGATCHIE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2593,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,182,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGO FL E",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2890,0,0,2449,0,0,2510,0,0,1688,0,0,1604,0,0,996,0,0,637,0,0,679,0,0,550,0,0,1991,0,0,2836,0,0,2816,0,0,2595,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,183,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGO FL W",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1223,0,0,423,0,0,1212,0,0,176,0,0,-1,0,0,28,0,0,-2,0,0,47,0,0,14,0,0,385,0,0,730,0,0,1172,0,0,2596,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,185,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","PARISHVILLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,690,0,0,1562,0,0,1603,0,0,1516,0,0,848,0,0,849,0,0,763,0,0,749,0,0,1395,0,0,1488,0,0,1298,0,0,2597,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,187,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","PIERCEFIELD",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1488,0,0,1283,0,0,1529,0,0,1482,0,0,1341,0,0,627,0,0,429,0,0,881,0,0,370,0,0,1195,0,0,1783,0,0,1527,0,0,2598,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,192,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","PROSPECT",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1704,0,0,0,0,0,4257,0,0,5788,0,0,3672,0,0,2881,0,0,2386,0,0,1689,0,0,184,0,0,6691,0,0,11309,0,0,6904,0,0,2599,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,195,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","RAINBOW",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,10771,0,0,10270,0,0,8298,0,0,4779,0,0,5959,0,0,5843,0,0,3452,0,0,5583,0,0,2641,0,0,5774,0,0,14120,0,0,9950,0,0,2600,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,200,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","RAYMONDVLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,932,0,0,816,0,0,1452,0,0,926,0,0,670,0,0,1102,0,0,674,0,0,1036,0,0,530,0,0,1056,0,0,1404,0,0,1120,0,0,2601,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,210,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","S EDWARDS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1404,0,0,1076,0,0,1387,0,0,973,0,0,1018,0,0,736,0,0,427,0,0,1020,0,0,558,0,0,1359,0,0,1919,0,0,1392,0,0,2604,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,215,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SEWALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1372,0,0,889,0,0,1518,0,0,1486,0,0,1205,0,0,544,0,0,246,0,0,320,0,0,319,0,0,1211,0,0,1489,0,0,1514,0,0,2608,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,220,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SOFT MAPLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2633,0,0,1616,0,0,2359,0,0,882,0,0,1236,0,0,1714,0,0,2341,0,0,1918,0,0,1850,0,0,1760,0,0,3432,0,0,4125,0,0,2610,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,225,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SOTH COLTON",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,8860,0,0,8292,0,0,6906,0,0,3510,0,0,4607,0,0,4842,0,0,2861,0,0,4595,0,0,2211,0,0,4731,0,0,12247,0,0,8305,0,0,2611,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,230,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","STARK",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,10035,0,0,10162,0,0,7531,0,0,4401,0,0,5629,0,0,5788,0,0,3281,0,0,5363,0,0,2475,0,0,5187,0,0,14852,0,0,9960,0,0,2613,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,235,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SUGAR IS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2908,0,0,2519,0,0,2995,0,0,2818,0,0,2884,0,0,2757,0,0,1893,0,0,2754,0,0,1376,0,0,2667,0,0,2781,0,0,2983,0,0,2616,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,240,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","TAYLORVILLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2219,0,0,1663,0,0,2176,0,0,1051,0,0,1247,0,0,1560,0,0,1566,0,0,1692,0,0,1630,0,0,1392,0,0,2700,0,0,3109,0,0,2617,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,250,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","TRENTON",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,12363,0,0,10763,0,0,12685,0,0,10309,0,0,6711,0,0,6004,0,0,5262,0,0,4565,0,0,3995,0,0,8295,0,0,14603,0,0,11617,0,0,2619,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,255,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","VARICK",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3510,0,0,2348,0,0,3552,0,0,1467,0,0,836,0,0,546,0,0,363,0,0,629,0,0,211,0,0,2344,0,0,3490,0,0,3553,0,0,2621,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,265,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","YALEVILLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,293,0,0,255,0,0,406,0,0,320,0,0,373,0,0,341,0,0,243,0,0,407,0,0,242,0,0,346,0,0,275,0,0,248,0,0,2624,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,3,2,105,270,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","NINE MILE P",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,6,136,4435,3,121,4470,11,87,4380,0,100,4256,13,323,4316,10,36,4349,6,164,4288,7,218,4320,6,11,535,6,12,573,6,13,557,6,12,543,2589,6,52053,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,2,3,105,275,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGO",0,"HEAVY OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,632933,120407,215553,417380,0,0,417380,26504,46741,370639,0,0,370639,1371,4130,366508,44092,30232,330715,13690,33269,298197,9883,21973,276183,0,0,276183,0,0,542213,0,0,542213,2594,6,52053,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,105,275,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGO",0,"NAT GAS",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,999,22854,0,10635,117884,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,108,461,0,38513,570000,0,15497,213000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2594,6,52053,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,105,275,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGO",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,4,11,2138,0,0,2138,0,0,2138,0,0,2138,2594,6,52053,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,1,,105,285,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BEARDSLEE F",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,5266,0,0,1946,0,0,6556,0,0,4417,0,0,2463,0,0,1946,0,0,895,0,0,759,0,0,741,0,0,5400,0,0,6369,0,0,2631,0,0,2543,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,290,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BAKER FALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,"R",190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2541,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,300,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","EL J WEST",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,5989,0,0,5250,0,0,1580,0,0,972,0,0,1241,0,0,3218,0,0,3059,0,0,2326,0,0,4257,0,0,1425,0,0,10684,0,0,8834,0,0,6527,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,305,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","EPHRATAH",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2045,0,0,902,0,0,1493,0,0,780,0,0,337,0,0,463,0,0,97,0,0,147,0,0,127,0,0,1599,0,0,1298,0,0,1198,0,0,2560,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,315,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","GLEN FALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2567,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,317,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","GREEN ISL",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3672,0,0,3067,0,0,3470,0,0,3478,0,0,2678,0,0,2110,0,0,1303,0,0,1440,0,0,1476,0,0,2837,0,0,2513,0,0,3722,0,0,6528,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,320,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","INGHAMS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2951,0,0,1446,0,0,3570,0,0,3006,0,0,1806,0,0,1403,0,0,605,0,0,518,0,0,480,0,0,2716,0,0,3695,0,0,1829,0,0,2579,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,325,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","JOHNSONVLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,783,0,0,709,0,0,698,0,0,730,0,0,706,0,0,415,0,0,84,0,0,196,0,0,71,0,0,754,0,0,1347,0,0,777,0,0,2580,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,340,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","MOREAU",0,,13573,"0M",1294,"R",190,95,0,0,0,2501,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2587,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,350,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SCH ST COHS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,17365,0,0,13801,0,0,18549,0,0,16246,0,0,8330,0,0,6836,0,0,4087,0,0,3410,0,0,3303,0,0,14028,0,0,23804,0,0,15352,0,0,2605,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,355,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SCHAGHTICKE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,6959,0,0,4628,0,0,1779,0,0,7008,0,0,3998,0,0,2703,0,0,925,0,0,1694,0,0,513,0,0,4157,0,0,7065,0,0,4122,0,0,2606,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,360,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SCHUYLERVLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,766,0,0,454,0,0,951,0,0,408,0,0,291,0,0,185,0,0,26,0,0,77,0,0,-5,0,0,527,0,0,1089,0,0,771,0,0,2607,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,365,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SHERMAN",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,14937,0,0,11480,0,0,11483,0,0,9158,0,0,6495,0,0,5892,0,0,5453,0,0,6179,0,0,6999,0,0,9121,0,0,7996,0,0,9198,0,0,2609,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,370,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SPIER FALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,22054,0,0,16130,0,0,18521,0,0,13202,0,0,8844,0,0,7373,0,0,6467,0,0,7246,0,0,8844,0,0,15741,0,0,12177,0,0,20353,0,0,2612,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,380,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","STEWARTS BR",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,10770,0,0,11203,0,0,3959,0,0,1818,0,0,5172,0,0,2348,0,0,5366,0,0,4271,0,0,7737,0,0,2666,0,0,19084,0,0,17328,0,0,2614,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,385,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","STUYVESANT",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2615,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,2,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,220,0,0,220,0,0,220,0,0,220,0,0,220,0,0,220,0,0,201,0,0,201,0,0,195,0,0,192,0,0,189,0,0,185,2539,6,52053,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"HEAVY OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,58267,97691,332532,62750,94595,237938,5641,8097,184840,0,0,184840,0,0,184840,1711,4230,180610,0,0,180610,0,0,180610,0,0,180610,0,0,180610,18591,30657,149952,25930,42050,107902,2539,6,52053,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"NAT GAS",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,57789,665226,0,58253,669709,0,144263,1550322,0,53054,571524,0,31237,333909,0,47841,524896,0,130139,1434248,0,147338,1604315,0,50979,541649,0,49257,521886,0,6001,121469,0,5994,104410,0,2539,6,52053,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2539,6,52053,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2539,6,52053,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"NAT GAS",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2539,6,52053,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,1,,105,420,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","GLENWOOD",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,584,0,0,584,0,0,712,0,0,35,0,0,602,0,0,501,0,0,510,0,0,499,0,0,459,0,0,493,0,0,412,0,0,213,0,0,2568,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,425,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HYDRAULIC R",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,247,0,0,1980,0,0,1737,0,0,1757,0,0,1761,0,0,1655,0,0,1715,0,0,209,0,0,0,0,0,2578,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,440,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","WATERPORT",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1372,0,0,1372,0,0,1447,0,0,69,0,0,924,0,0,779,0,0,723,0,0,727,0,0,684,0,0,922,0,0,936,0,0,428,0,0,2623,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,2,105,445,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","DUNKIRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1601,2790,0,653,1081,0,675,1178,0,599,1017,0,1403,2417,0,539,896,0,638,1090,0,1031,1725,0,723,1216,0,997,1731,0,914,1625,0,396,651,0,2554,6,52053,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,105,445,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","DUNKIRK",0,"BIT COAL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,254022,99455,112963,311173,114689,97723,298538,114582,80138,317020,119632,52831,259603,99967,52456,255038,95545,74556,311521,120965,80149,307244,117398,77577,307482,116339,76599,257442,99939,138351,253614,100750,153571,354614,131876,151153,2554,6,52053,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,105,445,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","DUNKIRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,1079,0,0,1334,0,0,1300,0,0,1323,0,0,635,0,0,1174,0,0,1343,0,0,1234,0,0,1317,0,0,1090,0,0,1325,0,0,1484,2554,6,52053,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,2,2,105,450,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","C R HUNTLEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,681,1256,1160,349,688,1247,690,1294,1076,1705,3207,1221,704,1326,1175,1004,1818,1727,1072,1981,1452,554,1037,1301,324,570,1193,1215,2237,1180,832,1567,1213,253,461,1135,2549,6,52053,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,105,450,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","C R HUNTLEY",0,"BIT COAL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,272246,110975,103175,276497,121255,106086,220640,91915,179212,270614,112094,162277,265384,109603,157439,267756,107734,190733,286378,118727,131748,337035,139658,120591,316597,122391,136393,245260,100618,129570,236599,99435,197282,339259,137453,168549,2549,6,52053,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,105,450,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","C R HUNTLEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2549,6,52053,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,1,,105,460,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OAK ORCHARD",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,178,0,0,186,0,0,185,0,0,187,0,0,174,0,0,176,0,0,46,0,0,0,0,0,2592,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,465,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BEEBEE IS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3633,0,0,2768,0,0,5208,0,0,4383,0,0,3010,0,0,1959,0,0,2292,0,0,1754,0,0,2115,0,0,4754,0,0,5881,0,0,3959,0,0,6434,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,470,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","FEEDER DAM",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3058,0,0,0,0,0,2491,0,0,1680,0,0,1085,0,0,869,0,0,595,0,0,648,0,0,1046,0,0,1795,0,0,3058,0,0,2885,0,0,2666,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,115,3,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","GRAHAMSVILE",0,,14154,"0M",1294,,,95,7995,0,0,10213,0,0,10828,0,0,5471,0,0,3765,0,0,6843,0,0,11715,0,0,11385,0,0,6049,0,0,6915,0,0,5017,0,0,7158,0,0,2627,6,52181,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,115,5,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","MONGAUP FLS",0,,14154,"0M",1294,,,95,1849,0,0,830,0,0,1994,0,0,1152,0,0,218,0,0,502,0,0,749,0,0,605,0,0,91,0,0,475,0,0,1859,0,0,1637,0,0,2630,6,52181,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,115,10,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","RIO",0,,14154,"0M",1294,,,95,4380,0,0,1792,0,0,4911,0,0,2578,0,0,759,0,0,986,0,0,1125,0,0,978,0,0,116,0,0,1041,0,0,4467,0,0,3352,0,0,2631,6,52181,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,115,15,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","SWING BR 1",0,,14154,"0M",1294,,,95,1041,0,0,442,0,0,1445,0,0,608,0,0,266,0,0,374,0,0,391,0,0,409,0,0,76,0,0,299,0,0,1316,0,0,873,0,0,2633,6,52181,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,115,20,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","SWING BR 2",0,,14154,"0M",1294,,,95,687,0,0,340,0,0,661,0,0,428,0,0,16,0,0,-84,0,0,164,0,0,42,0,0,-68,0,0,68,0,0,889,0,0,593,0,0,2634,6,52181,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,3,115,25,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","BOWLINE PT",0,"HEAVY OIL",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,43906,73730,656595,138605,222519,509921,36874,60431,690856,47123,77864,612992,171664,281797,399693,132603,218077,395393,121658,204130,412273,93622,159538,457749,16475,28676,564249,22772,39554,562775,23802,41159,590697,87447,145316,516559,2625,6,52181,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,115,25,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","BOWLINE PT",0,"NAT GAS",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,168974,1723560,0,82272,1239913,0,246716,2463200,0,218627,2199380,0,99656,966090,0,197607,1984380,0,277722,2939140,0,259468,2692570,0,188365,2000250,0,195838,2071510,0,142378,1499610,0,41983,424600,0,2625,6,52181,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,115,30,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","LOVETT",0,"HEAVY OIL",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,8,15,100319,1955,3363,96956,1,1,96927,0,0,96968,162,289,96714,7,13,96701,10,18,96682,5,10,96706,6,11,96717,0,0,96732,0,0,96732,5,10,96723,2629,6,52181,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,115,30,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","LOVETT",0,"BIT COAL",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,111799,49067,63359,155251,65603,75519,116513,50062,70545,69873,29960,67950,67316,29174,75567,80224,36666,84715,138923,58882,82515,118307,52178,76055,140703,61690,59229,113469,49704,60388,125569,51656,62679,132749,58514,56774,2629,6,52181,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,115,30,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","LOVETT",0,"NAT GAS",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,29773,323525,0,26698,280445,0,15824,169812,0,33214,357965,0,35392,384353,0,65900,754578,0,47901,513697,0,42001,470557,0,20369,222754,0,24743,268834,0,21096,220661,0,31665,346005,0,2629,6,52181,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,115,35,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","HILLBURN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4238,0,0,4238,0,0,4238,0,0,4238,0,9,4229,0,0,4229,52,164,4065,108,334,3731,0,0,3731,0,0,3731,0,0,3731,0,0,3731,2628,6,52181,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,115,35,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","HILLBURN",0,"NATURAL G",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,44,1217,0,0,0,0,37,1143,0,565,8996,0,-13,1208,0,256,5250,0,276,4745,0,945,15862,0,444,6906,0,-18,82,0,-27,456,0,24,430,0,2628,6,52181,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,115,40,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","SHOEMAKER",0,"LIGHT OIL",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4599,73,30,4569,29,103,4466,-1,30,4485,1,2,4463,45,124,4068,0,0,4068,1,3,4065,0,0,4065,22,81,3984,84,247,3738,0,0,3738,2632,6,52181,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,115,40,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","SHOEMAKER",0,"NAT GAS",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,217,4023,0,342,7789,0,599,11559,0,-31,207,0,1856,30143,0,3256,49008,0,4402,75566,0,4597,74746,0,2492,42150,0,713,14586,0,45,456,0,53,1654,0,2632,6,52181,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,1,135,1,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","GINNA",0,"NUCLEAR",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,351805,0,0,321771,0,0,293087,0,0,-2750,0,0,299117,0,0,334397,0,0,342637,0,0,305248,0,0,336763,0,0,353447,0,0,342871,0,0,354889,0,0,6122,6,52501,"UR","ST" 21,36,1,1,,135,5,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","MILLS M 172",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,68,0,0,0,0,0,79,0,0,31,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2636,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,135,10,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","MT MORR 160",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,75,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,49,0,0,121,0,0,87,0,0,44,0,0,16,0,0,124,0,0,132,0,0,67,0,0,2637,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,135,15,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 2",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,3983,0,0,3890,0,0,4861,0,0,4119,0,0,4073,0,0,2681,0,0,1898,0,0,1483,0,0,708,0,0,3228,0,0,4230,0,0,3509,0,0,2639,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,135,25,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 5",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,18727,0,0,8869,0,0,21670,0,0,13445,0,0,7303,0,0,4173,0,0,5885,0,0,2422,0,0,1347,0,0,9730,0,0,15462,0,0,12738,0,0,2641,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,135,28,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","RCHESTER 26",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,596,0,0,1040,0,0,1215,0,0,1302,0,0,1083,0,0,420,0,0,405,0,0,282,0,0,135,0,0,726,0,0,1174,0,0,1054,0,0,2638,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,135,35,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","WISCOY 170",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,517,0,0,408,0,0,590,0,0,391,0,0,204,0,0,97,0,0,121,0,0,83,0,0,55,0,0,240,0,0,470,0,0,462,0,0,2646,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,2,135,45,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 3",0,"LIGHT OIL",16183,"0M",394,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,102,143,2305,77,143,2008,122,214,1718,91,167,1882,68,119,1700,27,58,1645,2640,6,52501,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,135,45,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 3",0,"HEAVY OIL",16183,"0M",1294,"R",,95,27,48,2860,14,24,2809,14,24,2745,14,24,2703,0,0,2703,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2640,6,52501,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,135,45,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 3",0,"BIT COAL",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,36334,13900,770,42264,15300,1458,40715,15300,1556,45572,16900,817,17481,6500,1591,36715,14100,1438,41179,15700,936,37637,15017,1800,37010,13802,1800,27740,10832,1630,33466,12558,1431,34731,13210,1105,2640,6,52501,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,135,45,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 3",0,"LIGHT OIL",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,26,81,0,4,27,0,13,41,0,3,18,0,0,0,0,6,34,0,4,6,0,46,154,0,25,76,0,8,26,0,13,63,0,1,7,0,2640,6,52501,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,2,135,50,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 7",0,"LIGHT OIL",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,299,571,1111,90,167,1127,375,690,1162,173,310,1211,249,452,1299,566,1071,1121,331,643,1190,434,833,1065,37,71,1065,373,738,1065,345,643,958,311,571,1102,2642,6,52501,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,135,50,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 7",0,"BIT COAL",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,66357,27700,114902,86515,35300,90431,90609,36600,83204,137634,53400,75835,121093,47500,85250,104898,43000,113923,112687,47700,112973,116634,48507,127749,110993,45157,153399,77990,33362,173353,81051,33064,173047,90029,35948,150667,2642,6,52501,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,135,60,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 9",0,"LIGHT OIL",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2644,6,52501,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,135,60,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 9",0,"NAT GAS",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,26,383,0,2,74,0,14,216,0,4,174,0,0,0,0,8,290,0,17,280,0,3,89,0,24,381,0,0,0,0,3,98,0,8,143,0,2644,6,52501,"NG","GT" 21,36,5,3,2,578,5,"FREEPORT (VILLAGE OF)","PLANT NO 2",0,"LIGHT OIL",6775,"0M",1294,,,95,1463,3067,3172,1434,3271,2622,413,1557,2551,-162,121,3525,-118,217,5782,984,2264,6164,3712,7100,3595,3729,7301,5720,584,1625,6684,895,1423,5789,787,2037,3752,1869,3903,3213,2679,6,51057,"FO2","IC" 21,36,5,4,2,578,5,"FREEPORT (VILLAGE OF)","PLANT NO 2",0,"LIGHT OIL",6775,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2,12,0,13,58,0,18,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2679,6,51057,"FO2","GT" 21,36,5,3,2,578,10,"FREEPORT (VILLAGE OF)","PLANT NO 1",0,"LIGHT OIL",6775,"0M",1294,,,95,182,658,1479,376,1032,1630,468,1254,1391,320,920,1697,251,803,1542,452,1093,1119,571,1281,1220,740,1757,1321,639,1551,1424,175,575,1295,402,1078,1704,465,1231,1436,2678,6,51057,"FO2","IC" 21,36,5,1,,586,1,"GOUVERNEUR (CITY OF)","GOUVERNEUR",0,,7422,"0A",1294,,,95,46,0,0,92,0,0,47,0,0,50,0,0,50,0,0,38,0,0,13,0,0,45,0,0,29,0,0,20,0,0,26,0,0,41,0,0,2680,6,51137,"WAT","HY" 21,36,5,3,2,599,1,"GREENPORT (CITY OF)","GREENPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",7630,"0A",1294,,,95,-32,0,183,-32,0,183,-27,0,183,0,2,181,0,0,0,0,1,180,-20,0,180,-4,28,152,-10,14,182,-19,0,182,0,0,182,-1,26,181,2681,6,51177,"FO2","IC" 21,36,5,2,2,624,1,"JAMESTOWN (CITY OF)","S A CARLSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",9645,"0M",1294,,,95,105,273,377,41,102,275,21,59,394,24,59,335,20,54,281,26,64,394,57,144,250,59,144,281,26,66,215,26,69,323,44,114,209,51,136,250,2682,6,51437,"FO2","ST" 21,36,5,2,6,624,1,"JAMESTOWN (CITY OF)","S A CARLSON",0,"BIT COAL",9645,"0M",1294,,,95,17974,10638,3526,17648,10013,3826,11794,7305,3597,9844,5439,3428,9879,6006,2629,11487,6255,2811,13511,7717,2530,13208,7291,3578,9538,5398,3370,10505,6096,2827,12704,7245,3946,16956,10165,3924,2682,6,51437,"BIT","ST" 21,36,5,3,2,675,1,"ROCKVILLE CTR(VILLAGE OF)","ROCKVILLE C",0,"LIGHT OIL",16217,"0M",1294,,,95,105,294,2332,321,741,2091,43,283,1808,-60,82,1726,-18,114,2338,244,637,2368,957,2138,1919,2160,4073,1884,560,1129,2277,20,216,2061,38,213,2151,101,381,1770,2695,6,52509,"FO2","IC" 21,36,5,3,9,675,1,"ROCKVILLE CTR(VILLAGE OF)","ROCKVILLE C",0,"NAT GAS",16217,"0M",1294,,,95,642,7257,0,510,5912,0,15,471,0,0,325,0,-11,282,0,1931,20033,0,4455,46010,0,2523,26516,0,352,4031,0,47,1369,0,46,1025,0,450,5750,0,2695,6,52509,"NG","IC" 21,36,5,3,2,700,5,"SKANEATELES VILLAGE OF","SKANEATELES",0,"LIGHT OIL",17280,"0A",1294,"R",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2697,6,52670,"FO2","IC" 21,36,5,1,,712,1,"SPRINGVILLE (CITY OF)","SPRINGVILLE",0,,17846,"0A",1294,,,95,145,0,0,118,0,0,104,0,0,166,0,0,172,0,0,129,0,0,84,0,0,63,0,0,12,0,0,39,0,0,110,0,0,124,0,0,2698,6,52772,"WAT","HY" 21,36,5,1,,725,1,"WATERTOWN (CITY OF)","WATERTOWN",0,,20188,"0A",1294,,,95,2508,0,0,1826,0,0,2861,0,0,2520,0,0,2042,0,0,715,0,0,684,0,0,252,0,0,458,0,0,1925,0,0,2671,0,0,2141,0,0,2700,6,53199,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,1,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","LEWISTON PG",0,"C-PUMPSTG",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,-23392,48481,0,-16321,48107,0,-18062,52914,0,-34170,75041,0,-32754,81523,0,-35246,84639,0,-35971,80543,0,-31970,78905,0,-33926,76500,0,-34404,82531,0,-25619,66689,0,-26848,63831,0,2692,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,2,1,668,1,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","FITZPATRICK",0,"NUCLEAR",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,34055,0,0,544665,0,0,562170,0,0,384520,0,0,579310,0,0,577530,0,0,402855,0,0,590100,0,0,572680,0,0,580835,0,0,6110,6,52375,"UR","ST" 21,36,9,1,,668,3,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","MOSES NIAG",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,1463973,0,0,1230590,0,0,1418230,0,0,1163933,0,0,1279083,0,0,1132981,0,0,1197133,0,0,1148436,0,0,1021706,0,0,1145560,0,0,1382957,0,0,1354956,0,0,2693,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,2,1,668,3,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","INDIAN PT 3",0,"NUCLEAR",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,17,0,0,434533,0,0,716433,0,0,320544,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-2,0,0,8907,6,52375,"UR","ST" 21,36,9,1,,668,5,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","MOSES PR DM",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,524759,0,0,481624,0,0,585412,0,0,549618,0,0,532348,0,0,526743,0,0,545520,0,0,559232,0,0,538635,0,0,554432,0,0,576778,0,0,569302,0,0,2694,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,8,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","BLENHEIM G",0,"P-PUMPSTG",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,-80117,223900,0,-66116,187582,0,-64757,198518,0,-71547,180530,0,-58305,185571,0,-61293,196731,0,-78558,215353,0,-75753,237341,0,-63547,183628,0,-66325,194141,0,-57795,177791,0,-70135,192222,0,2691,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,2,3,668,15,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","POLETTI",0,"HEAVY OIL",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,33400,61649,303226,126069,209523,203682,20403,35475,168236,17269,37577,130679,19806,35708,94972,47803,62254,32718,36004,60668,68293,14149,23707,150452,35247,61190,430389,17481,30727,459549,62862,110242,349307,252627,421942,245156,2491,6,52375,"FO6","ST" 21,36,9,2,9,668,15,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","POLETTI",0,"NAT GAS",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,99454,1128061,0,99940,1020449,0,202945,2167293,0,211435,2738075,0,258894,2862705,0,324525,2604689,0,262599,2721610,0,310920,3222176,0,205757,2168448,0,224611,2374781,0,128580,1368464,0,2466,25078,0,2491,6,52375,"NG","ST" 21,36,9,1,,668,20,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","ASHOKAN",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,1615,0,0,587,0,0,1045,0,0,2214,0,0,2450,0,0,2277,0,0,2117,0,0,2126,0,0,1756,0,0,1286,0,0,1083,0,0,1303,0,0,88,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,25,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","KENSICO",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,802,0,0,73,0,0,0,0,0,1521,0,0,150,0,0,271,0,0,1411,0,0,1244,0,0,1418,0,0,1191,0,0,880,0,0,0,0,0,650,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,30,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","JARVIS",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,4048,0,0,2165,0,0,2416,0,0,2485,0,0,1720,0,0,1501,0,0,1162,0,0,1003,0,0,575,0,0,2833,0,0,5091,0,0,2476,0,0,808,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,35,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","CRESCENT",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,6303,0,0,4034,0,0,7316,0,0,4624,0,0,3019,0,0,2031,0,0,104,0,0,713,0,0,703,0,0,3132,0,0,6120,0,0,4690,0,0,2685,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,40,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","VISCHER FER",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,5945,0,0,3714,0,0,6024,0,0,4504,0,0,2789,0,0,1833,0,0,986,0,0,123,0,0,654,0,0,2259,0,0,5980,0,0,4591,0,0,2686,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,5,9,668,45,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","FLYNN",0,"WASTE HT",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,24819,192100,0,17369,134483,0,27383,211172,0,18948,146928,0,26056,199854,0,24430,188777,0,23492,184084,0,25126,194127,0,24424,188668,0,23749,183457,0,20261,158951,0,19720,154115,0,7314,6,52375,"WH","CC" 21,36,9,6,2,668,45,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","FLYNN",0,"LIGHT OIL",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,7722,10369,101959,21462,28859,72145,0,0,72242,14,20,72083,0,0,72104,0,0,72094,0,0,72044,0,0,72052,0,0,72062,157,211,71873,9447,12866,58992,27271,36998,78070,7314,6,52375,"FO2","CT" 21,36,9,6,9,668,45,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","FLYNN",0,"NAT GAS",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,74458,576302,0,52111,403450,0,82153,633518,0,56849,440785,0,78170,599562,0,73293,566331,0,71470,552251,0,75381,582382,0,73276,566005,0,71251,550371,0,60784,476853,0,59162,462344,0,7314,6,52375,"NG","CT" 22,34,1,2,2,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,0,0,123,81,130,93,0,0,131,0,0,138,14,28,165,67,129,202,80,160,147,5,10,137,40,91,189,0,29,160,0,29,131,4,8,123,2384,3,56513,"FO2","ST" 22,34,1,2,3,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"HEAVY OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,1345,2425,95467,4563,6516,88951,0,0,88951,0,0,88261,0,0,88261,1177,2026,86235,3361,5958,80277,5273,9351,70926,5555,8624,62302,0,0,62302,0,0,62302,0,0,62302,2384,3,56513,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,6,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"BIT COAL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,29945,12519,39313,35838,15203,23710,8276,3561,20149,0,0,34389,5810,3059,52665,34469,14723,52014,42129,18253,40567,44451,19515,27979,11926,4625,44084,33654,13941,51248,53859,21346,70836,57721,22974,63900,2384,3,56513,"BIT","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,1491,16310,0,0,0,0,944,9940,0,1878,22040,0,11307,122240,0,11062,117040,0,27862,302860,0,29442,321050,0,12534,120040,0,807,8090,0,1552,15370,0,0,0,0,2384,3,56513,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-8,0,770,27,44,729,14,39,690,20,103,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,0,2384,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-8,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,629,6657,0,3831,41649,0,3649,39793,0,1027,14649,0,628,9167,0,1061,10505,0,694,6875,0,2384,3,56513,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,2,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MISSOURI AV",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-4,100,9869,278,791,9635,3,53,9582,-21,5,9576,-17,8,9568,177,455,9113,2101,5546,7361,1882,5382,8451,605,2439,10201,-18,16,10185,-16,19,10167,2,70,10097,2383,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,2,2,24,5,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","B L ENGLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,510,999,1734,317,596,1818,213,395,1756,107,200,1734,125,224,1843,424,778,1734,424,814,1508,552,1027,1647,500,1086,1588,450,958,1654,643,1122,1377,242,442,1435,2378,3,56513,"FO2","ST" 22,34,1,2,3,24,5,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","B L ENGLAND",0,"HEAVY OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,4583,8307,99579,7833,13643,103560,0,0,103560,0,0,103560,0,0,103560,8731,14731,88829,37756,66914,51324,29729,50813,69931,850,2842,113855,18800,33751,80103,0,0,80103,15770,26499,87607,2378,3,56513,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,6,24,5,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","B L ENGLAND",0,"BIT COAL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,68381,30282,165387,127521,54088,125492,123787,53379,95025,85963,36061,88754,176115,72435,61413,155554,64926,62658,185411,80134,49009,173888,73305,41509,130330,53650,71904,83030,32962,118367,145947,62033,109160,196038,81549,81843,2378,3,56513,"BIT","ST" 22,34,1,3,2,24,5,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","B L ENGLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,0,0,0,5,11,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,12,23,0,133,257,0,321,597,0,5,10,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2378,3,56513,"FO2","IC" 22,34,1,4,2,24,20,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MIDDLE STA",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-834,144,15410,-227,1590,15128,-1342,459,14669,-815,159,14510,-333,16,14494,-558,315,9113,2009,5421,12193,2243,7786,14637,-670,677,15327,-729,232,15284,-745,423,15069,-730,254,14814,2382,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,25,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","CEDAR STA",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-474,179,21675,-321,918,21875,-42,70,21804,-546,56,21748,-110,38,21710,62,61,21650,3843,9672,14702,3756,10444,18151,-253,1075,20407,-631,431,21246,-535,219,21027,-679,322,20705,2380,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,30,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","CARLL CORNR",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-28,8,13554,78,379,13175,-43,0,13175,-20,0,13175,-965,8,13167,-121,166,13002,1394,2899,10102,1615,4499,9171,-32,0,13713,-16,0,14849,-44,0,14849,49,332,14517,2379,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,24,30,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","CARLL CORNR",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,35,1120,0,452,8170,0,-76,50,0,-19,1010,0,73,2450,0,835,15970,0,6072,93380,0,5324,82370,0,-117,28460,0,861,14250,0,-44,7170,0,172,150,0,2379,3,56513,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,32,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MICKETON ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,8008,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,24,32,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MICKETON ST",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,665,11020,0,1084,16250,0,714,11030,0,1017,15170,0,334,6070,0,2355,35610,0,9801,143090,0,8665,129480,0,2856,42750,0,30,1480,0,2277,33340,0,276,5380,0,8008,3,56513,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,33,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","CUMBERLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-76,0,18141,-10,0,18141,-38,0,18141,-31,0,18141,-30,0,18141,0,0,18141,5894,12888,17367,7323,16647,12470,3,249,14661,0,0,17077,-158,198,17249,60,412,16838,5083,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,24,33,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","CUMBERLAND",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-76,0,0,-10,0,0,-38,0,0,-31,0,0,0,0,0,-27,130,0,342,4020,0,16,200,0,1,380,0,-93,0,0,0,0,0,101,3810,0,5083,3,56513,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,35,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MANTU DEPOT",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,0,0,53843,0,0,50861,0,0,80853,0,0,80853,0,0,80853,0,0,80853,0,0,58245,0,0,12871,0,0,12871,0,0,52645,0,0,52645,0,0,82122,8803,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,3,24,40,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MANTU DEPOT",0,"HEAVY OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,0,0,128847,0,0,111223,0,0,111223,0,0,111223,0,0,111223,0,0,111223,0,0,81814,0,0,111865,0,0,111865,0,0,115694,0,0,115694,0,0,131074,8804,3,56513,"FO6","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,45,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","SHERMAN AVE",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,70,186,14708,-45,0,14708,-30,0,14708,0,0,14708,-11,0,14708,0,0,14708,0,0,14708,-190,0,14708,0,0,14708,0,0,14708,76,193,14515,232,590,14513,7288,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,24,45,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","SHERMAN AVE",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,1386,19950,0,-45,0,0,-30,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-190,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1704,23780,0,2984,41500,0,7288,3,56513,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,1,50,1,"GPU NUCLEAR CORP","OYSTER CRK",0,"NUCLEAR",7423,"0M",1294,,,95,471880,0,0,400185,0,0,466040,0,0,457427,0,0,440064,0,0,447364,0,0,438119,0,0,420825,0,0,447572,0,0,468215,0,0,428423,0,0,307964,0,0,2388,3,58850,"UR","ST" 22,34,1,1,,78,5,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","YARDS CR JO",0,"P-PUMPSTG",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,-9476,31075,0,-6121,19602,0,-8606,30644,0,-9596,30043,0,-9800,36086,0,-15417,52655,0,-13938,46076,0,-11848,42668,0,-7525,27636,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-2205,5358,0,6522,3,56512,"WAT","HY" 22,34,1,4,2,78,7,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GLEN GARDNR",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,357,1074,17830,457,1242,16588,29,247,16340,30,141,16199,0,0,16199,360,1062,15138,0,0,15138,0,0,15138,149,445,14693,21,60,14633,69,223,14409,10,63,16838,8227,3,56512,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,78,7,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GLEN GARDNR",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,1,10,0,31,485,0,2,90,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,698,11690,0,15562,248730,0,18982,309960,0,4246,71580,0,3046,50662,0,1111,20594,0,10,377,0,8227,3,56512,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,3,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"HEAVY OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,268,611,153901,2150,4403,149484,0,0,149488,0,0,149544,0,0,149379,0,0,150080,0,0,150051,0,0,149974,0,0,150075,0,0,149949,0,0,149926,8990,12417,137518,2393,3,56512,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,1658,32084,0,198,3865,0,-452,0,0,-364,0,0,-363,0,0,6011,80854,0,28213,364986,0,24888,306021,0,915,14545,0,340,8670,0,825,13717,0,331,2840,0,2393,3,56512,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,150,431,0,803,2747,0,39,127,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,8,0,1,3,0,791,2604,0,31,88,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2393,3,56512,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,1,16,0,0,0,0,1,15,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3,79,0,2862,50800,0,6493,121452,0,911,15880,0,4,174,0,979,364,0,29,249,0,2393,3,56512,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,5,2,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,728,0,0,3136,0,0,1259,0,0,1612,0,0,-587,0,0,5741,0,0,26058,0,0,28272,0,0,20554,0,0,8047,0,0,19296,0,0,18926,0,0,2393,3,56512,"FO2","CC" 22,34,1,5,9,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"WASTE HT",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2393,3,56512,"NG","CC" 22,34,1,6,2,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,1147,2566,252704,5572,11989,236313,1136,2545,232067,367,826,230086,0,0,229824,2660,6112,221348,82,189,219853,2038,4709,211204,942,1977,207539,163,373,205587,83,183,203671,5739,8660,193069,2393,3,56512,"FO2","CT" 22,34,1,6,9,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,5385,68331,0,8729,106467,0,6306,80671,0,7352,94029,0,-100,0,0,15594,203104,0,61026,877903,0,70864,931070,0,54572,701754,0,24094,329931,0,60664,796524,0,81101,693848,0,2393,3,56512,"NG","CT" 22,34,1,2,3,78,10,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","SAYREVILLE",0,"HEAVY OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,4224,7914,90214,19448,37587,72103,7,16,72200,0,0,72163,792,1710,90373,6448,15362,75189,42812,86857,27305,24793,50118,55888,1650,3646,52242,0,0,71301,7,18,90540,10844,23847,66865,2390,3,56512,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,78,10,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","SAYREVILLE",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,20137,245800,0,2651,32100,0,6917,89800,0,-727,100,0,-407,2800,0,141,2100,0,224,4900,0,16338,199000,0,1429,25400,0,-704,0,0,2904,47900,0,306,4100,0,2390,3,56512,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,78,10,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","SAYREVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,93,224,31996,752,2238,29758,0,0,29758,0,0,29758,139,640,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,2390,3,56512,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,78,10,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","SAYREVILLE",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,1500,19800,0,1294,21300,0,831,12100,0,898,13300,0,187,4800,0,2507,37100,0,16534,266200,0,24165,379300,0,3245,51100,0,2451,37300,0,265,3800,0,22,300,0,2390,3,56512,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,3,78,15,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","WERNER",0,"HEAVY OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,259,628,28845,5405,11437,18060,1926,4703,13792,-265,311,13764,-275,69,13780,1352,3366,28845,10346,20351,28459,7922,15595,12784,55,70,13159,-271,197,32022,-298,546,32144,3509,7954,24818,2385,3,56512,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,78,15,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","WERNER",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,44,115,40240,398,1664,37864,88,236,37615,0,0,37379,13,702,36473,348,618,35855,2640,8238,27453,4764,13326,33888,215,290,33598,10,269,33202,0,25,42792,3,278,41910,2385,3,56512,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,78,20,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","FORKED RVR",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,16388,1066,2219,17602,713,1618,15984,0,0,15971,0,0,15989,0,0,15969,0,0,15974,0,0,15980,0,0,15980,5,12,15970,0,0,15994,221,489,15505,7138,3,56512,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,78,20,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","FORKED RVR",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,364,4569,0,160,1908,0,1306,15609,0,1647,20147,0,1120,14174,0,2225,28309,0,12875,162923,0,11844,149957,0,4227,53220,0,1880,23454,0,1759,25611,0,749,9475,0,7138,3,56512,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,1,131,1,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SALEM",0,"NUCLEAR",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,818199,0,0,47631,0,0,687443,0,0,753981,0,0,247176,0,0,-8310,0,0,-7985,0,0,-5500,0,0,-3133,0,0,-2112,0,0,-2002,0,0,-2639,0,0,2410,3,52414,"UR","ST" 22,34,1,2,1,131,1,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HOPE CREEK",0,"NUCLEAR",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,778188,0,0,711976,0,0,566874,0,0,750262,0,0,767051,0,0,742345,0,0,309223,0,0,760021,0,0,742281,0,0,733449,0,0,210606,0,0,-8357,0,0,6118,3,52414,"UR","ST" 22,34,1,2,1,131,2,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SALEM",0,"NUCLEAR",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-17867,0,0,12090,0,0,369001,0,0,767911,0,0,765246,0,0,157494,0,0,-5523,0,0,-7400,0,0,-4042,0,0,-4499,0,0,-4002,0,0,-3638,0,0,2410,3,52414,"UR","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,2,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BAYONNE 1",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-19,40,3837,74,282,453,-9,0,453,-44,0,1097,-18,0,3930,-2,0,3930,252,805,3125,134,585,2744,-24,0,3373,-42,0,3744,0,26,3744,-33,25,3898,2397,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,2,9,131,3,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BERGEN",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-2112,0,0,-2514,3702,0,8759,159907,0,3706,93882,0,82739,754972,0,167861,1271630,0,281448,2131152,0,334990,2488678,0,184434,1379778,0,154884,1248547,0,151551,1232638,0,151368,1176288,0,2398,3,52414,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,3,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BERGEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,21622,0,0,21622,0,0,38592,0,0,38592,0,0,61623,2310,3197,102565,0,0,118429,0,0,118396,3765,5367,113029,4832,7091,116664,465,652,117805,2398,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,3,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BERGEN",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-13,0,0,0,0,0,-6,664,0,-6,644,0,-9,0,0,0,0,0,347,35845,0,505,5090,0,0,0,0,-7,0,0,-7,0,0,-8,0,0,2398,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,2,131,5,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BURLINGTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,922,1740,0,1014,1683,0,707,1131,0,668,1366,0,0,0,0,911,1528,0,1631,2761,0,200,501,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2399,3,52414,"FO2","ST" 22,34,1,2,3,131,5,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BURLINGTON",0,"HEAVY OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,9046,15688,55522,11250,17153,88452,0,0,88452,0,0,88452,-534,0,88437,2949,4515,83916,25958,40320,43596,1803,5025,88868,-545,0,88868,-541,0,88868,-541,0,88868,-573,0,88868,2399,3,52414,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,5,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BURLINGTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,1176,2221,83444,10436,17314,64340,158,253,93381,55,114,91811,-75,14,91811,57,96,90581,102,173,81026,4040,11276,88868,-82,16,87601,-75,58,86367,29,348,84382,4578,8912,83631,2399,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,5,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BURLINGTON",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,60222,642634,0,62039,580691,0,60695,548854,0,9404,108237,0,42361,363894,0,31693,299006,0,63357,605299,0,60174,537745,0,21155,187254,0,17575,158420,0,24156,217635,0,18363,172905,0,2399,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,6,2,131,5,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BURLINGTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",894,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,144,235,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2399,3,52414,"FO2","CT" 22,34,1,4,2,131,7,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","EDISON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,152,366,106308,281,513,105795,252,403,105392,7,135,105257,0,0,105257,88,644,104610,675,1783,102827,687,1976,100851,0,0,110803,0,0,110803,126,444,110359,742,2206,108153,2400,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,7,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","EDISON",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-33,582,0,70,992,0,-80,345,0,0,0,0,-162,750,0,0,0,0,3046,44211,0,2441,36716,0,-100,537,0,120,3310,0,89,2079,0,28,428,0,2400,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,131,8,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","ESSEX",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,112211,4598,10660,104446,0,0,104446,0,0,103802,0,0,96326,4,10,91990,0,0,91990,0,0,91990,0,0,112914,2,185,112914,234,400,112327,894,2118,110210,2401,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,8,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","ESSEX",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,20171,250330,0,38746,466002,0,28312,330527,0,6195,75506,0,7086,87770,0,17745,236062,0,65291,864255,0,62756,803138,0,18682,243317,0,3599,40505,0,3163,40505,0,1420,2118,0,2401,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,2,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,119,251,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3,6,0,4,9,0,4,9,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2403,3,52414,"FO2","ST" 22,34,1,2,3,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"HEAVY OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,11188,21576,147242,40039,87268,59974,0,0,59974,158,379,13064,0,0,13064,0,0,13064,0,0,13064,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-2401,3164,109182,2403,3,52414,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,6,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"BIT COAL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,239403,0,0,239403,46093,19713,219690,82549,35226,208484,158939,68702,225010,141427,62425,162585,235608,99546,193639,263396,110928,173063,10310,4383,258904,0,0,349753,57703,21908,369380,339660,132744,293504,2403,3,52414,"BIT","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,30599,362930,0,7194,97478,0,122788,1378604,0,43966,500739,0,16188,203737,0,20750,232325,0,137870,1458255,0,96187,1102638,0,1254,45160,0,-3375,2793,0,356,3383,0,1493,16683,0,2403,3,52414,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,119,251,352215,256,609,34606,-63,0,34606,-54,0,34597,-48,0,34597,0,0,34597,1239,2320,32262,396,2283,29962,-50,0,29962,-46,0,29962,-55,0,29962,-71,0,29959,2403,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,7,103,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3,38,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2403,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,2,131,16,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","KEARNY",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,47,160,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2404,3,52414,"FO2","ST" 22,34,1,2,3,131,16,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","KEARNY",0,"HEAVY OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-1419,0,47358,3162,9747,46218,-1264,0,46218,-811,0,43218,-763,0,46218,2322,7151,47602,25660,53229,45133,22324,46979,41775,-837,0,41775,-758,0,41755,-1135,0,41775,-1308,0,46698,2404,3,52414,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,16,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","KEARNY",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,375,941,65441,656,2205,61502,0,175,60444,-48,459,59831,-54,459,66419,-11,40,64109,2241,5425,58552,1592,6227,53502,-37,0,73227,-117,0,73054,-84,226,71810,-19,331,69761,2404,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,16,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","KEARNY",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,778,10891,0,531,10070,0,-183,586,0,-132,928,0,-131,324,0,1324,24641,0,4064,67350,0,6293,99804,0,-119,0,0,-6,0,0,-8,139,0,-23,0,0,2404,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,3,131,18,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","LINDEN",0,"HEAVY OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-2975,0,169370,18699,47791,121579,1724,8149,41900,-1941,0,88431,-2550,0,88431,1771,15138,11078,59268,130643,95281,51534,115049,125814,-2711,0,128815,-1641,0,126134,-2551,10434,115700,-1747,0,115700,2406,3,52414,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,18,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","LINDEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,26,253,53370,313,1361,52009,448,1157,50882,3498,6627,44255,6478,14170,30085,0,0,30085,0,0,30085,564,1160,28925,0,0,49924,-37,195,49604,202,372,49037,451,1756,51571,2406,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,18,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","LINDEN",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-96,0,0,43,2616,0,3961,49847,0,1854,18696,0,15141,180135,0,13553,160573,0,33255,393680,0,32192,409006,0,8666,121819,0,8374,103539,0,3980,41596,0,1468,15561,0,2406,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,6,131,22,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","MERCER",0,"BIT COAL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,260338,90961,263541,283481,98338,252219,105820,38401,312566,69927,25278,364038,58034,23857,399943,121372,47152,419711,144178,55677,392291,111773,44297,360087,169493,64917,301841,40666,17201,334307,135703,47712,346850,209008,71876,359245,2408,3,52414,"BIT","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,131,22,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","MERCER",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,15072,160572,0,10698,100608,0,12860,134613,0,17393,171693,0,23606,242604,0,33578,373796,0,130882,1357300,0,110572,1186167,0,12727,142016,0,7184,77196,0,1387,12188,0,362,30224,0,2408,3,52414,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,22,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","MERCER",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,58,452,0,99,166,0,-80,45,0,-80,22,0,-90,0,0,-84,0,0,174,1003,0,1250,2375,0,-74,0,0,-89,0,0,-86,0,0,65,504,0,2408,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,22,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","MERCER",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,11,107,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,23,252,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2408,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,131,24,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","NATIONAL PK",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-7,0,2850,-5,0,2850,-6,0,168,-6,0,167,-7,0,1390,-6,0,3548,-6,0,3548,33,67,3481,-6,0,3481,3,25,3456,2,22,3434,-6,0,3434,2409,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,2,3,131,25,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SEWAREN",0,"HEAVY OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,915,2021,98313,16425,33366,104241,341,778,103613,0,0,103613,1016,2372,101241,0,0,101241,128,279,100962,2211,4787,96175,4969,9343,86832,2764,7861,78971,2025,6536,72435,11423,30324,105394,2411,3,52414,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,131,25,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SEWAREN",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,30968,435199,0,63113,771440,0,13222,183529,0,3478,58360,0,10032,124996,0,30077,426413,0,86401,1129748,0,69754,958979,0,7865,101861,0,-868,15021,0,1354,26896,0,943,15389,0,2411,3,52414,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,25,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SEWAREN",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,51,704,34543,121,263,34280,-71,0,34280,-133,0,34280,-130,0,34280,-22,30,38575,438,1523,37052,831,2943,34109,-123,0,34109,-124,0,34109,23,82,34027,80,208,33819,2411,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,25,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SEWAREN",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,2,31,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,16,0,0,0,0,2411,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,131,27,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SALEM JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-18,3,16640,85,264,16528,-5,49,16528,-14,28,17721,-15,0,17581,0,0,17581,398,125,32262,152,455,31807,-6,0,16295,2764,7861,78971,-14,0,14970,54,170,12261,2410,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,5,2,3,645,1,"VINELAND (CITY OF)","HOWARD DOWN",0,"HEAVY OIL",19856,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,24261,803,2139,23900,486,1664,22238,294,1029,21209,2656,6649,16338,890,2102,21318,4629,11673,9645,3246,7549,10200,0,0,10347,0,0,10397,0,0,10320,2429,6628,6595,2434,3,53140,"FO6","ST" 22,34,5,2,6,645,1,"VINELAND (CITY OF)","HOWARD DOWN",0,"BIT COAL",19856,"0M",1294,,,95,7844,4284,7953,7472,4143,6788,3415,1988,9938,0,0,9849,2186,1111,8737,7260,3928,6843,6950,3861,9709,3584,3042,7673,388,209,9251,1581,798,8709,5259,2954,5755,3724,2035,5931,2434,3,53140,"BIT","ST" 22,34,5,4,2,645,10,"VINELAND (CITY OF)","WEST",0,"LIGHT OIL",19856,"0M",1294,,,95,74,199,9430,353,887,8543,45,128,8417,0,0,8417,0,0,8417,315,901,7389,2079,6227,5808,2543,5808,3568,151,900,3206,36,73,3061,6,80,2981,129,339,2818,6776,3,53140,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,1,52,1,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","B VALLEY",0,"NUCLEAR",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,17240,0,0,-6300,0,0,367420,0,0,596300,0,0,615700,0,0,589500,0,0,604900,0,0,561482,0,0,591490,0,0,614130,0,0,582150,0,0,452460,0,0,6040,1,50827,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,52,2,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","B VALLEY",0,"NUCLEAR",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,610052,0,0,558397,0,0,377306,0,0,-2502,0,0,358108,0,0,592883,0,0,609130,0,0,296500,0,0,598381,0,0,622939,0,0,557126,0,0,601216,0,0,6040,1,50827,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,52,5,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","CHESWICK",0,"BIT COAL",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,355392,137291,317861,331090,126419,307477,249582,96410,291500,17430,8507,318494,299247,119774,288017,339756,132948,261655,256633,102182,276100,296500,118467,263069,297357,118900,201464,311698,126308,186349,351416,139379,173501,306740,121467,188856,8226,1,50827,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,9,52,5,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","CHESWICK",0,"NAT GAS",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,1427,13928,0,331,3531,0,1002,9220,0,1172,14418,0,1806,18532,0,1364,13508,0,1549,14158,0,2639,26716,0,2701,26104,0,1881,19412,0,1411,14459,0,1232,12044,0,8226,1,50827,"NG","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,52,13,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","ELRAMA",0,"LIGHT OIL",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,1941,3768,1508,1330,2779,1204,1589,3262,979,1253,2681,1633,1006,2112,1445,803,1634,1382,1389,3062,1487,1368,2719,1591,1136,2443,1644,986,1991,1570,898,1981,1539,1195,2526,782,3098,1,50827,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,52,13,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","ELRAMA",0,"BIT COAL",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,240736,111790,172599,220356,101044,171860,197080,90684,191628,207597,94541,190808,200161,89633,171686,159939,73949,169611,197010,95313,150545,226664,107371,139013,188236,90982,151708,97661,45101,189092,223530,101521,181601,237771,106889,154459,3098,1,50827,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,52,15,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","F PHILLIPS",0,"LIGHT OIL",5487,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3099,1,50827,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,52,15,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","F PHILLIPS",0,"BIT COAL",5487,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3099,1,50827,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,52,27,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","BRUNOT ILND",0,"LIGHT OIL",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,-733,567,24237,-801,692,23545,-848,9,23536,-662,220,23316,-662,0,23316,-579,460,22856,1005,4706,18150,5198,15710,17539,-587,0,19993,-604,0,19993,-808,0,19993,-777,582,20583,3096,1,50827,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,5,2,52,27,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","BRUNOT ILND",0,"LIGHT OIL",5487,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3096,1,50827,"FO2","CC" 23,42,1,6,2,52,27,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","BRUNOT ILND",0,"LIGHT OIL",5487,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3096,1,50827,"FO2","CT" 23,42,1,2,1,100,1,"GPU NUCLEAR CORP","3 MI ISLAND",0,"NUCLEAR",7423,"0M",1294,,,95,611412,0,0,552321,0,0,609022,0,0,586279,0,0,599986,0,0,573186,0,0,584601,0,0,586748,0,0,144888,0,0,338797,0,0,590553,0,0,610193,0,0,8011,3,58850,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,1,,114,15,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","YORK HAVEN",0,,12390,"0M",1294,,,95,8890,0,0,9724,0,0,12867,0,0,10005,0,0,12383,0,0,12781,0,0,10950,0,0,1654,0,0,3141,0,0,8336,0,0,12409,0,0,9435,0,0,3117,3,54020,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,4,2,114,24,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","HAMILTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,0,44,4643,342,858,4499,38,102,4397,28,68,4330,-2,0,4330,0,0,4330,432,1398,2932,1179,2884,2369,143,356,3085,0,0,3085,47,129,3491,190,511,4606,3109,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,114,25,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","HUNTERSTOWN",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,44,117,8244,904,2365,9808,139,361,9448,53,150,8583,0,1,8583,0,0,8582,1,3,8579,16,42,8895,2,7,9067,19,50,9017,7,22,8995,281,706,8304,3110,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,9,114,25,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","HUNTERSTOWN",0,"NAT GAS",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,1133,17680,0,1048,17830,0,7,180,0,729,13320,0,504,8500,0,1339,19320,0,3546,41940,0,6556,84500,0,3434,53290,0,1503,23470,0,1262,20430,0,1780,27282,0,3110,3,54020,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,114,27,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","MOUNTAIN",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,71,188,6429,964,2523,5157,48,126,5031,4,12,5912,0,0,5912,0,1,5911,0,2,5910,0,0,5910,36,175,5913,0,0,6270,0,2,6804,367,1234,6575,3111,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,9,114,27,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","MOUNTAIN",0,"NATURAL G",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,297,5940,0,476,8360,0,443,6390,0,469,7770,0,208,3710,0,328,5630,0,1743,26610,0,3541,53620,0,894,14500,0,170,2840,0,572,8810,0,1301,18260,0,3111,3,54020,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,114,31,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","ORRTANNA",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,48,116,4401,346,875,4418,88,218,4200,26,66,4135,0,0,4135,0,0,4135,593,1575,2917,1316,3402,1824,159,409,2667,26,65,3674,0,7,5453,229,581,4898,3112,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,114,32,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","PORTLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,1210,2219,56721,612,1085,51313,671,1307,49944,1587,3013,45429,432,812,42830,190,349,41500,955,1701,39591,434,783,37499,499,951,35882,161,335,60358,2066,4127,57233,222,397,56872,3113,3,54020,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,114,32,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","PORTLAND",0,"BIT COAL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,132808,53399,109521,182821,71489,66961,66747,28478,108572,54477,22914,130642,57698,23989,150827,144768,58703,134821,179344,71804,85267,178789,70856,51093,83228,35019,46481,11852,5425,93489,58689,25583,120272,183470,71507,85462,3113,3,54020,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,114,32,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","PORTLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,77,142,2671,1704,3020,3973,50,98,3938,790,1501,3938,951,1787,3938,662,1215,3705,281,501,3412,727,1310,3410,2125,4049,3409,1,3,3407,122,245,3406,1839,3288,3291,3113,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,9,114,32,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","PORTLAND",0,"NAT GAS",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,7,72,0,1596,15661,0,2973,32178,0,2051,22130,0,3978,42351,0,12035,125176,0,33248,336088,0,28922,295790,0,5224,56353,0,750,8818,0,2029,22553,0,597,5955,0,3113,3,54020,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,114,34,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","SHAWNEE",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,73,171,6099,265,687,6483,16,27,6472,20,60,6412,44,112,6301,35,90,6211,135,371,5839,869,2245,3594,68,177,3417,0,0,4845,68,117,5622,0,0,5679,3114,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,114,35,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","TITUS",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,102,198,885,73,138,926,387,772,869,487,933,1186,472,874,1205,168,334,1228,294,559,1026,220,409,617,291,530,803,369,699,998,321,614,560,227,431,880,3115,3,54020,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,114,35,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","TITUS",0,"BIT COAL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,73788,31030,99475,51570,21149,100003,47245,20126,101173,38103,15904,107895,66063,26455,103387,95872,40846,84743,118659,48529,57453,118052,46687,37871,105060,41177,26170,83805,34936,50826,103029,42373,57757,128752,52966,41217,3115,3,54020,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,114,35,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","TITUS",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,58,114,4000,793,1492,4117,0,0,4117,1,2,4115,0,0,4115,4,8,4106,65,124,3983,133,248,3983,0,0,3983,131,248,3734,20,39,3695,0,0,3755,3115,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,9,114,35,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","TITUS",0,"NAT GAS",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,53,575,0,23,240,0,80,890,0,60,640,0,52,541,0,22,250,0,1587,16770,0,2936,30250,0,319,3230,0,110,1190,0,149,1590,0,5,60,0,3115,3,54020,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,114,38,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","TOLNA",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,68,175,6400,563,1516,6278,90,224,6054,0,1,6053,0,0,6053,0,0,6053,759,2033,4020,2323,6134,2677,164,447,5438,64,349,6339,62,101,6238,114,281,6229,3116,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,133,1,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","CONMAUGH JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,514,827,5361,559,930,4122,454,736,6813,810,1319,5181,459,747,4344,78,121,4153,878,1456,2385,538,892,3017,74,121,5479,0,0,5356,3148,5217,7748,383,627,6559,3118,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,1,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","CONMAUGH JO",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,1122156,419851,722958,925303,359096,640938,1076935,406220,574117,992331,375372,600365,1073542,404411,660222,1082614,409954,586984,1087889,419782,543363,1144736,439047,524854,727433,274855,587632,579871,221827,735222,799742,308937,733868,1107177,421853,608881,3118,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,9,133,1,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","CONMAUGH JO",0,"NAT GAS",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,1516,13798,0,1026,9654,0,566,5184,0,1707,15719,0,1710,15719,0,264,2319,0,2347,22035,0,3446,32313,0,452,4120,0,258,2408,0,2434,22766,0,571,5283,0,3118,3,54025,"NG","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,133,1,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","CONMAUGH JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,59,96,0,34,57,0,59,97,0,181,295,0,54,89,0,45,71,0,187,311,0,146,243,0,46,75,0,31,52,0,78,130,0,46,76,0,3118,3,54025,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,1,,133,5,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","PINEY",0,,14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,7087,0,0,2980,0,0,8315,0,0,7025,0,0,7405,0,0,7866,0,0,1807,0,0,900,0,0,618,0,0,1506,0,0,5259,0,0,4760,0,0,3124,3,54025,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,1,,133,13,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SENECA JO",0,"C-PUMPSTG",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,-18038,60718,0,-12762,44459,0,-13759,53339,0,-14476,46086,0,-10189,43886,0,-20535,71955,0,-32632,124316,0,-31819,130160,0,-23462,98242,0,-26851,110227,0,-17180,96885,0,-19235,101307,0,8225,3,54025,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,4,9,133,17,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","BLOSSBURG",0,"NAT GAS",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,-5,0,0,248,3769,0,-4,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,502,7485,0,846,9556,0,243,7354,0,-5,0,0,-4,0,0,-4,0,0,3120,3,54025,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,133,25,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","HOMER CTYJO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,724,1106,10724,239,368,10825,1397,2089,8613,678,1026,8717,2469,3709,5517,3227,5084,7324,1158,1765,5736,474,737,6933,1569,3909,7274,769,1187,8528,7523,12170,9104,4070,6343,6965,3122,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,25,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","HOMER CTYJO",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,1185616,454082,568142,1188794,455176,479305,1210546,457862,391125,1087359,409749,340123,685495,258590,520058,1050104,414471,562956,1147586,445483,356766,1213094,474606,228657,448257,271599,331273,758425,290978,460056,823682,334855,431770,991225,388795,409243,3122,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,133,45,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SEWARD",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,662,1281,675,306,595,618,281,535,616,145,261,535,122,305,409,432,940,535,285,552,414,274,531,585,416,789,657,463,878,671,432,834,724,340,657,600,3130,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,45,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SEWARD",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,101596,46820,104963,110101,50567,86392,110470,50520,76721,54307,23628,78208,29270,17347,91227,52721,27510,83682,115539,53769,77789,119322,55517,67991,102723,46904,73094,107866,49063,74467,105367,48397,85472,116951,53923,61526,3130,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,133,48,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SHAWVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,1123,1920,8833,2602,4605,6882,3250,5700,8490,1312,2317,8459,872,1542,9545,917,1633,7965,912,1584,7411,1122,2141,8065,1665,3195,7890,1607,2973,8086,2444,4275,8035,3504,6399,6379,3131,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,48,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SHAWVILLE",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,269348,109338,102763,256827,107901,105884,326710,136132,96046,350160,145852,80632,328883,137262,84982,336010,141689,79617,350851,144610,79435,304942,138068,76369,248206,112475,83476,317261,138069,65107,346273,142913,61290,323453,141293,48123,3131,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,133,48,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SHAWVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,31,54,764,42,75,689,26,47,797,22,39,757,20,37,721,29,52,669,42,74,740,203,388,705,22,43,662,24,46,763,18,32,731,24,44,819,3131,3,54025,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,2,2,133,60,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","WARREN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,101,246,375,38,94,281,58,147,313,65,158,336,29,123,391,38,93,297,45,104,725,30,76,657,8,20,637,47,126,511,41,109,402,38,97,482,3132,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,60,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","WARREN",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,23223,13460,34201,30943,18008,26672,17000,10379,34033,20947,11998,35372,16865,16419,30837,28698,16502,23133,35556,19496,14235,32084,18799,17943,18322,10742,21117,17556,10786,25392,16779,10295,31120,32207,19202,23049,3132,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,133,60,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","WARREN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,2,7,9205,924,2260,9835,124,314,9521,0,1,9519,94,389,9130,154,374,8757,2078,4788,7154,3447,8693,6033,514,1272,7934,0,0,7934,105,276,7658,393,986,9466,3132,3,54025,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,9,133,60,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","WARREN",0,"NAT GAS",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,0,10,0,0,10,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3132,3,54025,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,3,2,133,75,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","BENTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,"R",250,95,-3,0,0,-2,0,0,-3,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3119,3,54025,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,133,87,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","WAYNE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,-99,18,20263,508,1505,18758,-92,0,18758,-86,0,18758,-70,1,18757,-54,0,18757,1349,3469,15288,3798,9355,11397,490,1027,13199,-52,0,13199,141,1098,14037,154,691,18031,3134,3,54025,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,133,90,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","KEYSTONE JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,2244,3690,6503,1272,2084,8137,0,0,8969,4533,7554,9207,714,1204,9434,965,1623,9346,2145,3684,9013,3083,5243,9005,923,1553,9324,753,1254,8496,1264,2066,8810,0,0,8724,3136,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,90,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","KEYSTONE JO",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,1102214,423987,311858,582793,225211,453587,563417,222247,605342,809149,315890,648804,1078337,426399,648546,1084349,429852,601163,1034268,420581,454702,938657,378854,582342,1033031,410618,649687,1088547,426659,795799,1058746,408591,711979,1180880,456067,560683,3136,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,133,90,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","KEYSTONE JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,349,575,0,349,573,0,34,59,0,204,341,0,100,170,0,35,60,0,207,356,0,870,1480,0,155,262,0,66,110,0,178,291,0,46,86,0,3136,3,54025,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,2,2,135,1,"PENNSYLVANIA POWER CO","NEW CASTLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14716,"0M",1294,,,95,157,295,104,61,118,158,276,532,107,184,352,158,327,657,138,250,493,138,176,344,140,152,297,106,171,327,131,192,372,116,117,218,145,156,288,161,3138,1,52289,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,135,1,"PENNSYLVANIA POWER CO","NEW CASTLE",0,"BIT COAL",14716,"0M",1294,,,95,167856,72057,99647,154279,67443,98213,130534,58811,77871,125682,55847,86191,67772,31976,90113,98557,45757,95531,118202,53998,90022,140629,64008,74786,116270,52148,73949,88872,40250,91385,140709,61724,82726,150687,61716,63171,3138,1,52289,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,135,1,"PENNSYLVANIA POWER CO","NEW CASTLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14716,"0M",1294,,,95,22,56,1012,6,7,1012,7,22,863,1,3,991,4,9,875,1,7,1095,68,120,980,348,650,769,21,48,895,12,25,914,9,4,978,1,5,846,3138,1,52289,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,2,2,135,12,"PENNSYLVANIA POWER CO","MANSFLD JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14716,"0M",1294,,,95,1007,1692,29171,723,1155,27861,1506,2563,20232,2103,3540,37005,3377,5991,30895,1363,2382,49447,1396,2364,47084,1578,2757,44327,1128,2011,40209,852,1442,3868,625,1076,37528,5978,10675,26852,6094,1,52289,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,135,12,"PENNSYLVANIA POWER CO","MANSFLD JO",0,"BIT COAL",14716,"0M",1294,,,95,1000025,404047,691181,900788,348267,715644,764097,314521,842427,1018498,413184,894368,1102944,466816,876286,1268001,530524,794307,1358940,556273,756092,1346419,567300,719388,816664,349651,802659,889136,365870,922037,897824,373667,888666,766127,330985,1035343,6094,1,52289,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,137,1,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUSQUEHANNA",0,"NUCLEAR",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,784581,0,0,707744,0,0,597267,0,0,-6623,0,0,455272,0,0,764570,0,0,800626,0,0,807866,0,0,781516,0,0,816456,0,0,256044,0,0,663200,0,0,6103,3,52288,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,137,2,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUSQUEHANNA",0,"NUCLEAR",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,819260,0,0,744537,0,0,809836,0,0,572523,0,0,800757,0,0,763767,0,0,784244,0,0,790491,0,0,327567,0,0,158303,0,0,801099,0,0,820399,0,0,6103,3,52288,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,1,,137,8,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HOLTWOOD",0,,14715,"0M",1294,,,95,63368,0,0,44815,0,0,66767,0,0,61784,0,0,47914,0,0,44060,0,0,38745,0,0,15029,0,0,8892,0,0,3395,0,0,54454,0,0,52183,0,0,3145,3,52288,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,2,2,137,8,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HOLTWOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,2,293,307,92,564,453,76,299,502,6,12,486,9,103,375,64,316,412,48,185,402,32,69,513,156,340,542,105,324,374,44,96,457,71,158,639,3145,3,52288,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,4,137,8,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HOLTWOOD",0,"ANTH COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,16657,10967,92177,28295,20094,81874,38352,28374,83310,37995,26901,93553,28887,20504,97262,21957,15483,110941,27038,19535,107719,38254,26848,105902,36692,25935,106839,27783,20333,110563,38411,27438,93901,40473,29360,79473,3145,3,52288,"ANT","ST" 23,42,1,2,5,137,8,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HOLTWOOD",0,"COKE",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,5600,3687,7954,10386,7347,6463,12376,9136,6569,13390,9479,6750,10455,7419,8863,7778,5469,5689,9256,6676,3115,13170,9235,2168,11989,8438,3400,7495,5464,2289,8623,7102,1550,11704,5956,0,3145,3,52288,"PC","ST" 23,42,1,1,,137,14,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","WALLENPAUPK",0,,14715,"0M",1294,,,95,12278,0,0,38773,0,0,4171,0,0,-24207,0,0,735,0,0,560,0,0,5204,0,0,2717,0,0,244,0,0,24,0,0,11908,0,0,11545,0,0,3153,3,52288,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,4,2,137,15,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","ALLENTOWN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,64,195,4597,200,523,4444,0,0,4446,40,90,4355,0,0,4356,122,333,4024,199,561,4006,2797,7611,4017,44,168,4389,12,34,4355,0,0,4351,134,369,4531,3139,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,137,20,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","BRUNNER ISL",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,5215,9667,5220,2811,6985,2945,2623,7457,4341,1006,3274,4688,1673,5855,4747,623,3511,4635,1145,3027,3800,192,491,4638,1850,4455,1752,956,1998,4421,1497,3195,3955,6348,15226,4765,3140,3,52288,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,137,20,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","BRUNNER ISL",0,"BIT COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,726861,278333,624176,797416,299207,615563,638681,243796,659948,618218,235042,726562,483331,182515,843219,636052,246917,774595,729927,280541,565746,770922,293672,454478,661164,258193,418744,632910,240757,448356,500569,201629,451028,542332,211139,476821,3140,3,52288,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,137,20,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","BRUNNER ISL",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,43,75,0,27,35,0,29,50,0,11,33,0,29,50,0,27,47,0,38,66,0,41,123,0,30,52,0,27,47,0,21,37,0,28,47,0,3140,3,52288,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,137,26,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","FISHBACH",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2203,37,115,2088,0,0,2076,11,33,2043,0,0,2039,16,52,1987,102,265,2080,1274,3289,1978,63,218,2105,0,0,2095,0,0,2105,13,33,2071,3142,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,28,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HARWOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2216,83,240,2157,0,0,2152,44,152,2171,0,0,2171,13,61,2272,289,883,2098,1064,3093,1958,134,415,2230,60,205,2217,0,0,2217,0,0,2208,3144,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,29,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HARRISBURG",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4184,328,916,4530,0,0,4528,34,103,4425,7,31,4394,111,326,4426,221,659,4486,3286,9229,3610,329,960,4424,0,0,4424,8,0,4410,101,283,4486,3143,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,137,32,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MARTINS CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,1397,3966,1367,1654,3961,905,487,1818,1153,845,3118,1197,886,4111,1282,1222,4052,1400,1679,4825,803,2026,5349,775,303,753,1408,633,2680,1365,1511,3919,1485,2510,5735,1078,3148,3,52288,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,137,32,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MARTINS CRK",0,"HEAVY OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,3313,20105,1792976,137098,246817,1537637,4594,16136,1518993,7837,26024,1486208,0,0,1482804,46574,94076,1387076,225007,410380,970823,241933,469387,1094662,32635,57250,1132457,11373,23775,1505839,59422,125764,1590347,265457,506756,1125474,3148,3,52288,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,137,32,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MARTINS CRK",0,"BIT COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,77736,33553,94127,107453,45145,78631,33245,15373,94972,56476,25532,79013,56350,25210,63411,56558,24356,57931,77903,34985,45157,72539,34251,53601,19134,10553,62015,28384,12765,56271,68305,31511,46146,107135,53235,34362,3148,3,52288,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,137,32,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MARTINS CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,19,33,0,53,92,0,70,124,0,63,90,0,15,57,0,18,30,0,7,12,0,39,74,0,10,20,0,7,13,0,4,7,0,20,9,0,3148,3,52288,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,137,32,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MARTINS CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,5154,253,713,4491,0,0,4487,23,66,4408,0,0,4408,97,271,4056,301,924,3141,2928,8451,3433,332,1023,4044,0,0,4797,34,92,6619,47,134,6156,3148,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,34,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","JENKINS",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2287,49,143,2325,0,0,2326,12,59,2267,0,0,2265,0,0,2261,285,831,1773,1377,3617,2093,62,169,2280,17,50,2230,0,0,2177,0,0,2170,3146,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,36,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","LOCK HAVEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,2,17,2072,0,0,2072,0,0,2071,0,0,2072,0,0,2231,19,50,2181,47,187,2160,309,776,1940,29,62,2234,0,0,2233,0,0,2229,0,0,2223,3147,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,137,38,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MONTOUR",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,5284,3061,15269,1120,9829,7128,603,1538,7267,606,3951,8198,13,2000,6913,5227,30521,8337,1368,7253,4923,878,2071,5843,1573,7626,7055,7633,17598,7723,1969,8730,7062,7059,10859,7500,3149,3,52288,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,137,38,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MONTOUR",0,"BIT COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,847074,335924,519372,875346,340631,445625,780698,304571,380887,372505,141113,452083,435583,162563,503087,625764,248102,531404,836431,328954,481373,911902,352540,306054,690630,264412,407406,817637,314073,299288,838531,328858,291789,880367,352324,220532,3149,3,52288,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,120,1018,953,89,415,868,270,1417,1025,212,1169,913,362,1349,784,121,240,1084,94,305,938,95,427,967,167,1398,1038,316,896,961,315,1038,893,516,1056,864,3152,3,52288,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,4,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"ANTH COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,59791,48178,418732,52800,43904,407593,42379,34783,387855,56229,44534,380823,54876,44151,401119,43071,35250,457310,34960,27900,513983,38518,30044,586494,54062,41683,635399,58158,44699,652259,58144,45249,613424,56311,42856,591156,3152,3,52288,"ANT","ST" 23,42,1,2,5,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"COKE",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,32080,14266,18014,37875,17579,8930,34489,14591,2989,39190,17032,15602,35966,15206,24516,28052,11818,24368,21736,9175,21882,27009,11174,25559,37827,15339,20820,35544,14870,22116,40820,17176,11347,43815,18422,22426,3152,3,52288,"PC","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"BIT COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,38602,20937,145827,50229,27422,136935,127350,62833,126363,110076,53702,131074,110470,54187,128876,117078,56381,126273,137002,67568,99984,129986,64144,93470,121920,58717,95585,117436,55949,93435,118781,56941,78649,145641,68789,57848,3152,3,52288,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,29,54,0,17,32,0,22,41,0,12,22,0,18,33,0,15,28,0,10,19,0,41,76,0,14,26,0,21,39,0,16,30,0,15,28,0,3152,3,52288,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4196,0,0,4357,0,0,4367,0,0,4367,0,0,4367,12,34,4284,56,161,4122,1269,3772,3896,136,375,4425,0,0,4425,0,0,4304,59,188,4116,3152,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,41,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","WEST SHORE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,1981,146,397,2124,0,0,2125,23,63,2063,0,0,2063,27,85,2157,93,275,2060,1581,3944,1664,97,247,1948,0,0,1948,0,0,1943,0,0,1936,3154,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,42,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","WILLIAMPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,11,25,2095,108,303,2299,33,89,2120,24,80,2130,0,0,1062,31,83,2085,166,469,2282,1685,4637,1796,229,615,2348,0,1,2347,0,0,2347,47,129,2218,3155,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,4,137,44,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","COAL STORAG",0,"ANTH COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4326102,0,0,4287048,0,0,4250306,0,0,4192077,0,0,4116068,0,0,4024607,0,0,3949307,0,0,3858966,0,0,3770991,0,0,3712178,0,0,3655315,0,0,3627389,8805,3,52288,"ANT","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,144,1,"PECO ENERGY CO","LIMERICK",0,"NUCLEAR",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,758738,0,0,649503,0,0,788638,0,0,741991,0,0,644273,0,0,749037,0,0,735331,0,0,472319,0,0,293869,0,0,781359,0,0,758883,0,0,774008,0,0,6105,3,52304,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,144,2,"PECO ENERGY CO","LIMERICK",0,"NUCLEAR",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,305997,0,0,145495,0,0,841460,0,0,792169,0,0,828631,0,0,759339,0,0,812705,0,0,648469,0,0,793584,0,0,839715,0,0,794719,0,0,838665,0,0,6105,3,52304,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,144,2,"PECO ENERGY CO","PEACHBOTTOM",0,"NUCLEAR",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,835865,0,0,758077,0,0,833805,0,0,783656,0,0,813085,0,0,767048,0,0,814131,0,0,781700,0,0,787889,0,0,812587,0,0,755502,0,0,620649,0,0,3166,3,52304,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,1,,144,3,"PECO ENERGY CO","MUDDY RUN",0,"P-PUMPSTG",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,-58588,197635,0,-48050,161907,0,-57936,201052,0,-62063,184331,0,-54454,193555,0,-64502,219733,0,-77254,238571,0,-71435,248510,0,-71632,228867,0,-151911,225998,0,-140643,200522,0,-140747,207063,0,3164,3,52304,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,2,1,144,3,"PECO ENERGY CO","PEACHBOTTOM",0,"NUCLEAR",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,777483,0,0,711496,0,0,640321,0,0,740258,0,0,699846,0,0,588449,0,0,497410,0,0,423621,0,0,284823,0,0,314451,0,0,800042,0,0,695148,0,0,3166,3,52304,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,144,10,"PECO ENERGY CO","CHESTER",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,40,143,6303,283,871,5973,4,13,5960,0,0,5960,0,0,5960,134,251,5709,1965,3097,5088,2547,9094,4622,135,622,5417,6,46,5371,9,117,5615,0,0,5615,3157,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,144,18,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROMBY",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,552,1065,739,136,247,742,559,972,675,596,1108,639,800,1555,694,542,1023,717,107,204,786,442,846,656,532,1027,700,390,751,648,1349,2625,514,669,1263,679,3159,3,52304,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,144,18,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROMBY",0,"HEAVY OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,2359,4204,37192,40300,66566,38230,6132,9753,28477,2439,4170,38531,1755,3147,35384,2326,3992,31392,2427,4219,27173,2684,4698,32767,5362,9562,23250,2962,5168,40075,2887,5164,35070,3164,5422,36172,3159,3,52304,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,144,18,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROMBY",0,"BIT COAL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,74489,31603,37801,84553,33984,30569,59404,28393,32942,68130,28446,39783,56042,24391,55616,62095,25757,51736,68743,28828,37015,81385,34554,29542,73288,31653,35675,82081,34906,31898,75734,32689,34891,88164,36436,31030,3159,3,52304,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,9,144,18,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROMBY",0,"NAT GAS",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,71643,785884,0,61834,634083,0,79727,785913,0,51172,541950,0,54177,597370,0,81502,865110,0,111181,1192120,0,110008,1192120,0,68568,752990,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,69,740,0,3159,3,52304,"NG","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,144,18,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROMBY",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,0,0,425,2,5,382,1,2,380,1,3,377,0,0,377,0,1,376,6,13,363,0,0,363,2,5,358,0,0,358,3,6,352,0,0,352,3159,3,52304,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,2,2,144,20,"PECO ENERGY CO","DELAWARE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,83,167,285,230,443,159,379,1037,262,0,1258,270,63,112,285,407,948,313,503,939,296,248,512,251,125,311,303,0,535,306,0,1886,292,1548,3097,274,3160,3,52304,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,144,20,"PECO ENERGY CO","DELAWARE",0,"HEAVY OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,7566,13842,54536,40968,72617,57755,6149,15501,61363,-988,853,60510,1023,1674,58836,10372,22370,60784,73226,125872,59240,61586,116298,48551,3817,8670,64382,-880,0,64382,-848,109,64273,42071,77005,46160,3160,3,52304,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,144,20,"PECO ENERGY CO","DELAWARE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,4,8,0,6,12,0,0,0,0,8,4,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,5,12,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3,6,0,0,0,0,3160,3,52304,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,144,20,"PECO ENERGY CO","DELAWARE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,14,29,4606,471,908,4510,16,46,5120,42,103,4834,0,0,5221,137,321,4998,1693,3157,5919,4022,8277,4823,175,434,5097,11,64,4495,0,0,4139,3,6,3960,3160,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,144,23,"PECO ENERGY CO","EDDYSTONE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,2860,5785,8309,7265,14150,6730,691,1392,5338,656,1353,6842,1090,2439,5446,1497,2992,3502,265,545,7647,1122,2234,5367,200,403,4943,1397,2645,5855,940,1740,11279,4634,8834,12016,3161,3,52304,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,144,23,"PECO ENERGY CO","EDDYSTONE",0,"HEAVY OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,28189,52308,219884,149450,269038,232369,3289,6168,226201,212,405,225796,779,1602,224194,12605,22920,225716,34139,63954,190796,58828,107390,228949,6004,24353,228406,13370,23208,205198,25814,43623,161575,159697,281810,186014,3161,3,52304,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,144,23,"PECO ENERGY CO","EDDYSTONE",0,"BIT COAL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,230611,102377,114701,145600,63304,115351,142036,63132,95986,141196,64796,114142,75987,37394,136129,72749,31969,156190,38241,17251,161746,115645,50809,196139,101095,70609,237844,255413,106924,214128,279475,114586,204428,343647,144382,154263,3161,3,52304,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,9,144,23,"PECO ENERGY CO","EDDYSTONE",0,"NAT GAS",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,44577,509816,0,75572,836629,0,64058,732536,0,42770,502085,0,37425,473140,0,199205,2238826,0,248894,2876189,0,290649,3273871,0,116178,2028607,0,136486,1466691,0,26917,282787,0,17773,193338,0,3161,3,52304,"NG","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,144,23,"PECO ENERGY CO","EDDYSTONE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,88,179,7824,301,588,7236,23,47,7189,0,0,7189,59,133,7056,38,77,6979,2082,4276,7703,5802,11553,9393,213,2838,8159,40,77,8082,74,138,7944,162,310,8951,3161,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,3,144,25,"PECO ENERGY CO","OIL STORAGE",0,"HEAVY OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,8806,3,52304,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,144,26,"PECO ENERGY CO","FALLS",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,6,16,10772,174,460,10312,0,0,10312,0,0,10312,0,0,10312,323,626,9686,1716,2316,9307,2167,6952,8374,53,261,8289,8,112,8177,0,0,8503,0,0,8503,3162,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,144,27,"PECO ENERGY CO","MOSER",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,62,154,10920,416,1304,10329,2,7,10322,0,0,10322,0,0,10322,174,159,10163,2401,3681,8582,3033,9617,8076,165,385,7691,0,0,7691,49,1948,8854,0,0,8854,3163,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,144,30,"PECO ENERGY CO","RICHMOND",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,73,705,25225,1538,2518,24154,176,209,23945,0,0,23945,0,0,23945,546,1092,22853,7883,15050,19654,8358,22812,19604,1489,4282,16208,573,1391,19605,1780,4530,22192,2646,5558,20232,3168,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,144,35,"PECO ENERGY CO","SCHUYLKILL",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,10,31,177,29,55,282,0,13,330,0,0,58,5,32,173,21,41,260,32,63,204,31,64,224,0,0,285,0,0,204,0,13,117,174,366,292,3169,3,52304,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,144,35,"PECO ENERGY CO","SCHUYLKILL",0,"HEAVY OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,2569,7049,0,27433,47982,0,-514,221,0,-442,0,0,787,4441,0,7540,12988,0,45149,79435,0,40737,74952,0,2171,4408,0,-450,0,0,-487,0,0,33696,64594,0,3169,3,52304,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,144,35,"PECO ENERGY CO","SCHUYLKILL",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,0,0,0,11,21,0,1,6,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,4,9,0,2,8,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3169,3,52304,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,144,35,"PECO ENERGY CO","SCHUYLKILL",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,0,0,4077,183,347,4272,0,0,4454,0,0,4454,16,102,4352,25,48,4304,1060,2033,4025,3086,6214,3655,57,113,3542,0,0,3542,0,0,4435,0,0,4435,3169,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,144,39,"PECO ENERGY CO","SOUTHWARK",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,7,10,6164,245,786,6101,28,123,5978,0,0,5978,0,0,5978,21,33,5945,2299,3702,5765,2572,9427,4876,120,646,4593,9,18,4592,0,0,5461,12,32,5429,3170,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,144,62,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROYDON",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,908,1378,96105,5368,13129,82976,1206,2774,80202,185,1674,78528,-30,449,78079,2904,7166,70913,28748,58359,102954,34047,90855,75978,5816,17011,58967,4006,14190,124677,9344,33758,90919,20108,59103,81811,8012,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,1,,166,1,"SAFE HARBOR WATERPOWER CO","SAFE HARBOR",0,,16537,"0M",1294,,,95,143384,0,0,59393,0,0,126476,0,0,89759,0,0,63828,0,0,55553,0,0,43077,0,0,14256,0,0,7655,0,0,60191,0,0,112079,0,0,82918,0,0,3175,3,52553,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,2,2,182,5,"UNITED GAS IMP CO (THE)","HUNLOCK CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",19390,"0M",1294,,,95,513,820,149,94,161,167,202,328,185,435,618,244,11,18,226,1,2,224,140,230,170,0,0,170,514,892,135,73,127,175,21,35,140,24,41,99,3176,3,52988,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,4,182,5,"UNITED GAS IMP CO (THE)","HUNLOCK CRK",0,"ANTH COAL",19390,"0M",1294,,,95,22922,15408,12384,27213,18489,14764,29884,19399,26578,8930,5383,44202,31976,21379,41110,31087,20919,40663,28632,19193,37106,32217,21657,39145,28079,19274,38194,32138,21308,38517,32139,20464,33331,30924,20327,26649,3176,3,52988,"ANT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,187,1,"WEST PENN POWER CO","ARMSTRONG",0,"LIGHT OIL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,1137,2044,435,250,438,461,208,349,465,208,340,516,357,602,494,249,434,577,87,154,405,77,134,448,175,297,469,719,1212,478,755,1324,33,100,171,531,3178,1,54030,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,187,1,"WEST PENN POWER CO","ARMSTRONG",0,"BIT COAL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,116602,48997,133134,169087,69152,118235,94695,37329,143043,106738,41224,154005,90547,35992,160453,93589,37605,145126,109058,44341,133889,108429,43934,141795,50453,20094,155423,132983,52637,143306,163282,66595,118118,227115,90923,97838,3178,1,54030,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,187,5,"WEST PENN POWER CO","HATFIELD",0,"LIGHT OIL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,431,715,4466,429,677,4860,16,26,4860,109,176,5175,295,498,4642,232,393,4202,112,193,4003,116,200,3858,440,729,3846,625,1001,3653,200,324,4266,345,551,4530,3179,1,54030,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,187,5,"WEST PENN POWER CO","HATFIELD",0,"BIT COAL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,924993,349235,573422,796344,286253,580468,654622,239981,562743,652050,240234,569141,751057,287421,561772,807472,310567,503117,873489,338429,425399,814220,315517,429242,611272,228129,438816,665375,244419,472140,717809,264457,471668,976850,352523,470255,3179,1,54030,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,187,15,"WEST PENN POWER CO","MITCHELL",0,"LIGHT OIL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,1099,1660,62781,14264,26130,36652,9573,16358,20294,0,0,95,0,0,20294,0,0,20294,2975,5533,14761,9534,17307,37248,0,0,37248,370,623,36693,0,0,102,0,0,36712,3181,1,54030,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,187,15,"WEST PENN POWER CO","MITCHELL",0,"BIT COAL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,133543,54702,81824,96423,41467,82859,153555,62524,77796,125039,49503,90740,49588,20363,93045,53622,23986,82955,92131,39751,72392,131370,55646,87997,44218,20045,99480,112797,45127,97501,86006,35430,95483,91125,37261,96203,3181,1,54030,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,9,187,15,"WEST PENN POWER CO","MITCHELL",0,"NAT GAS",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,997,8782,0,512,5468,0,649,6574,0,362,3518,0,98,1012,0,493,5639,0,384,4175,0,352,3732,0,608,6884,0,229,2287,0,632,6538,0,411,4215,0,3181,1,54030,"NG","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,187,25,"WEST PENN POWER CO","SPRINGDALE",0,"HEAVY OIL",20387,"0M",1294,"S",71,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3182,1,54030,"FO6","ST" 23,42,8,1,,800,5,"ALLEGHENY ELECTRIC COOP","RAYSTOWN",0,,332,"0A",1294,,,95,10581,0,0,4872,0,0,10420,0,0,7145,0,0,9214,0,0,7292,0,0,7823,0,0,1871,0,0,1862,0,0,6232,0,0,13092,0,0,11263,0,0,7128,1,58500,"WAT","HY" 31,39,1,2,2,30,5,"CARDINAL OPERATING CO","CARDINAL",0,"LIGHT OIL",3006,"0M",1294,,365,95,1506,2512,16004,1987,3269,21891,793,1326,20561,810,1358,18998,750,1207,17783,5623,9537,7493,587,994,18460,1462,2531,15746,996,1682,14054,1293,2176,11850,586,984,10858,3751,6207,17605,2828,1,50359,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,30,5,"CARDINAL OPERATING CO","CARDINAL",0,"BIT COAL",3006,"0M",1294,,365,95,964403,385031,651565,952635,371878,631820,970861,386058,589923,907026,357640,591393,523077,201759,670651,745173,300966,631446,1013299,410501,467099,1010121,415926,370224,984185,397240,345127,996339,400914,397108,987234,392815,487317,940659,377797,434608,2828,1,50359,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,43,1,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","DICKS CREEK",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,20,1175,6144,23,332,5811,9,35,5776,18,399,5377,0,0,5377,10,47,5330,233,987,4343,377,1342,3001,3,41,5373,8,49,5325,18,65,5260,1,7,5253,2831,1,50556,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,43,1,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","DICKS CREEK",0,"NAT GAS",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,74,4943,0,-217,0,0,17,13,0,-138,563,0,-109,0,0,227,871,0,3843,78877,0,4803,89226,0,-34,0,0,-101,1423,0,240,6693,0,672,17724,0,2831,1,50556,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,43,2,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","WC BECKJORD",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,1063,1868,0,520,909,0,1246,2193,0,616,1040,0,909,1575,0,1694,2920,0,83,148,0,648,1175,0,673,1200,0,1185,2032,0,1335,2313,0,1124,2076,0,2830,1,50556,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,43,2,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","WC BECKJORD",0,"BIT COAL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,376000,158991,137317,393834,167236,139827,297378,127194,171002,437582,181317,177440,274678,116442,192793,481664,200911,197721,528583,228082,195580,602321,260506,195850,213081,91113,206835,487454,202145,200676,427365,176777,196004,493746,218176,193234,2830,1,50556,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,43,2,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","WC BECKJORD",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,904,1589,30711,253,443,29179,30,54,26769,24,41,25499,30,53,23746,206,356,41971,10845,19305,22349,18056,32731,31385,523,933,29084,23,40,26796,38,67,23956,1551,2863,41821,2830,1,50556,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,43,5,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","MIAMI FORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,1008,1795,0,465,820,0,830,1457,0,436,757,0,862,1538,0,1665,3001,0,1804,3164,0,3368,6051,0,1292,2324,0,260,450,0,548,956,0,3202,5528,0,2832,1,50556,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,43,5,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","MIAMI FORT",0,"BIT COAL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,637745,262491,294369,502865,207419,302760,559242,231277,318869,305741,124954,357678,414341,174583,369622,502174,211728,359534,599203,248510,325680,672906,285623,264937,557339,235511,249465,607306,250021,246891,553335,226505,248836,594845,241403,260437,2832,1,50556,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,43,5,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","MIAMI FORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,184,328,29994,104,184,28839,51,90,27190,104,182,26060,90,161,23971,260,470,20424,2604,4567,34307,5930,10654,29284,0,0,26912,56,98,26221,132,231,25022,4,7,19483,2832,1,50556,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,43,10,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","W H ZIMMER",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,387,627,43117,405,662,42455,266,437,42018,446,721,41297,544,908,40390,5437,9067,40610,3869,6259,34351,2406,3947,30404,654,1074,29331,0,0,28641,10375,17945,31644,228,326,31318,6019,1,50556,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,43,10,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","W H ZIMMER",0,"BIT COAL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,945287,364436,470303,860575,334587,468422,931671,360276,429932,905494,345488,449089,895923,353208,433131,685071,269191,462164,813824,313887,471999,817013,315668,465279,858265,326707,439814,-6015,0,440306,643755,258809,446427,954218,369625,445092,6019,1,50556,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,43,15,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","WOODSDALE",0,"PROPANE",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,3264,17257,47281,251,6836,40445,206,1875,39359,655,3378,35981,0,2040,33941,765,1976,31965,599,1450,30515,128,307,30208,2,8,30200,22,122,30078,2291,8079,47000,9027,29590,47410,7158,1,50556,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,43,15,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","WOODSDALE",0,"NAT GAS",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,150,4500,0,6,900,0,329,16900,0,549,16100,0,-24,5400,0,8444,123700,0,78223,1073891,0,127374,1732000,0,11241,209600,0,798,24900,0,8079,161217,0,5288,98400,0,7158,1,50556,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,2,1,47,1,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","PERRY",0,"NUCLEAR",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,876776,0,0,768903,0,0,819283,0,0,488364,0,0,856246,0,0,825532,0,0,844484,0,0,836109,0,0,563058,0,0,867378,0,0,562127,0,0,802040,0,0,6020,1,50587,"UR","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,47,5,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","ASHTABULA",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,42,104,847,0,0,847,118,290,165,18,45,836,36,88,1105,993,2435,781,1126,2764,920,735,1805,1069,508,1246,1250,554,1359,961,372,912,1126,318,78,1063,2835,1,50587,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,47,5,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","ASHTABULA",0,"BIT COAL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,52796,31491,71024,49964,29829,71024,55761,34212,70589,75864,42918,70589,57256,34078,70589,75393,41494,70589,152351,73482,69602,185535,87655,62911,92554,48842,63273,134786,62671,50375,152108,70363,39853,183631,84228,39391,2835,1,50587,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,47,10,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","AVON",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,545,1336,12357,217,533,11823,334,820,11003,71,175,13126,623,1529,11274,103,252,10337,204,501,9328,209,514,12564,219,537,11551,455,1117,10529,439,1076,9330,211,518,8657,2836,1,50587,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,47,10,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","AVON",0,"BIT COAL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,418792,166008,147432,412531,162705,122460,424163,169344,131476,363532,138488,180398,251231,98651,203325,203947,82859,218224,353614,137703,162497,424161,173437,95914,388690,173071,75855,373672,144052,89758,227150,92153,101135,197850,84233,81208,2836,1,50587,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,47,10,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","AVON",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,-48,0,1833,46,308,1525,-44,0,1525,16,93,1432,-27,0,1432,51,171,1260,97,283,1453,726,2175,826,-20,0,1302,-23,0,1326,-40,0,1326,-55,0,1861,2836,1,50587,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,47,15,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","EASTLAKE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,1497,3674,9572,911,2234,8964,764,1874,9624,751,1842,8674,1166,2861,7850,1418,3479,8310,853,2092,5787,966,2369,13472,911,2234,13178,758,1860,11437,682,1673,13358,1121,2750,10965,2837,1,50587,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,47,15,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","EASTLAKE",0,"BIT COAL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,563066,214828,125324,531721,201833,127529,552063,214200,127558,603752,229103,113946,476696,183152,148312,528305,201681,134280,545020,211638,133115,580108,227637,126504,418750,164875,155538,237147,95621,161064,619540,234785,116588,554005,216330,121544,2837,1,50587,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,47,15,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","EASTLAKE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,-26,411,1392,-34,64,1328,-7,96,1232,-39,0,1232,-17,48,1184,80,272,913,110,487,2330,416,1227,1642,-21,0,1642,-29,0,1642,-48,0,1642,-62,0,1642,2837,1,50587,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,47,20,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","LAKE SHORE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,1807,4433,0,1095,2687,0,655,1878,10867,822,2016,9030,822,2016,9030,822,2016,9030,822,2016,9030,0,0,9030,0,0,9030,0,0,9030,0,0,9030,0,0,9030,2838,1,50587,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,3,47,20,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","LAKE SHORE",0,"HEAVY OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,-1345,0,0,-1121,0,0,-1101,0,0,-967,0,0,-1013,0,0,-1144,0,0,-1177,0,0,-1109,0,0,-1101,0,0,-886,0,0,-1113,0,0,-1190,0,0,2838,1,50587,"FO6","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,47,20,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","LAKE SHORE",0,"BIT COAL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,-2869,0,0,-2051,0,0,-8655,0,0,-1765,0,0,-1630,0,0,-1592,0,0,-1511,0,0,-680,0,0,-664,0,0,-785,0,0,-839,0,0,-939,0,0,2838,1,50587,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,3,2,47,20,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","LAKE SHORE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2838,1,50587,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,2,2,50,5,"COLUMBUS SOUTHERN PWR CO","CONESVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4062,"0M",1294,,369,95,781,1346,11167,848,1487,10088,1527,2569,9973,647,1108,10480,1150,1863,10818,808,1412,11137,1992,3195,10638,911,1520,12206,2980,5206,7444,848,1360,7419,1411,2362,6092,1247,2194,6515,2840,1,50633,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,50,5,"COLUMBUS SOUTHERN PWR CO","CONESVILLE",0,"BIT COAL",4062,"0M",1294,,369,95,839897,361439,480236,776708,341510,409270,577474,241703,450938,516809,220156,545479,471259,188870,589930,540735,233443,590510,666114,292069,537443,960463,414977,380548,748475,319718,311923,775359,307972,333993,824448,339869,356943,594247,257598,411899,2840,1,50633,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,50,15,"COLUMBUS SOUTHERN PWR CO","PICWAY",0,"LIGHT OIL",4062,"0M",1294,,369,95,77,157,318,80,151,162,0,0,158,0,0,163,0,0,150,271,581,410,67,164,258,153,329,279,86,168,293,52,109,355,102,206,330,71,149,354,2843,1,50633,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,50,15,"COLUMBUS SOUTHERN PWR CO","PICWAY",0,"BIT COAL",4062,"0M",1294,,369,95,24098,12576,18902,17338,8355,10547,0,0,10547,0,0,10547,0,0,10547,12062,7059,8508,8499,5099,16411,33626,17892,7051,12493,6357,14305,11264,6148,20174,12256,6425,23762,14575,8110,25135,2843,1,50633,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,3,2,56,15,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","FRANK TAIT",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,10,18,2118,30,55,1880,24,44,4879,67,123,5809,5,9,5601,0,0,8437,59,128,8308,638,1170,6968,8,15,6953,0,0,6953,4,31,12908,0,0,12704,2847,1,50752,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,4,2,56,15,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","FRANK TAIT",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",494,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,8,31,0,2615,5585,0,2094,4660,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,87,204,0,2847,1,50752,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,56,15,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","FRANK TAIT",0,"NAT GAS",4922,"0M",494,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,206,4610,0,2453,30366,0,2250,29020,0,2757,33743,0,5899,80360,0,392,7740,0,65,1370,0,35,1210,0,1279,17010,0,2847,1,50752,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,2,6,56,20,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","HUTCHINGS",0,"BIT COAL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,1189,1204,103680,11354,5882,97799,-864,0,97799,0,0,97799,-467,0,97799,38657,18515,85185,73119,34885,59277,140943,65371,20520,7427,3975,45638,4351,2521,84275,3553,2065,93826,62576,27616,66210,2848,1,50752,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,9,56,20,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","HUTCHINGS",0,"NAT GAS",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,408,9899,0,595,6448,0,0,0,0,-804,48,0,4,164,0,1487,14801,0,2254,22264,0,5404,59821,0,688,9010,0,440,6133,0,353,5099,0,1464,15898,0,2848,1,50752,"NG","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,56,20,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","HUTCHINGS",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,71,303,1433,82,157,1275,0,1,1275,0,0,1275,0,0,1274,0,0,1274,0,0,1274,0,1,1274,0,0,1274,0,0,1274,58,147,1127,49,94,1395,2848,1,50752,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,56,20,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","HUTCHINGS",0,"NAT GAS",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,0,10,0,0,0,0,5,1130,0,16,400,0,8,327,0,0,0,0,140,1384,0,423,4690,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,41,453,0,2848,1,50752,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,56,23,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","J M STUART",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,1332,2321,1749,646,1073,2134,623,1061,2140,1223,2081,1858,1631,2823,2062,975,1647,2197,223,358,2194,623,1047,2043,1054,1794,2183,2669,4498,2177,1035,1708,1924,2772,4191,2252,2850,1,50752,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,56,23,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","J M STUART",0,"BIT COAL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,1324209,556655,951299,1313535,540148,931841,981133,406226,1101726,963505,397393,1210633,1235488,518718,880851,1223521,506083,868835,1340550,537277,869585,1339861,554937,815555,984147,409972,981044,990034,409244,867049,1361690,549068,888832,1361213,508529,976472,2850,1,50752,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,3,2,56,23,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","J M STUART",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2850,1,50752,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,4,2,56,28,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","YANKEE ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,392,1042,6368,143,449,7390,1,3,5791,0,0,5791,0,1,5790,0,2,5788,0,0,5788,0,2,6395,2,7,6388,0,1,6388,60,192,6195,298,738,6316,2854,1,50752,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,56,28,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","YANKEE ST",0,"NAT GAS",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,10,160,0,62,1100,0,162,1963,0,84,1410,0,82,1499,0,110,1913,0,390,6135,0,2583,45005,0,16,299,0,118,2067,0,15,279,0,1,15,0,2854,1,50752,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,3,2,56,34,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","MONUMENT",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,48,88,666,38,70,596,24,44,749,8,15,735,20,37,698,0,0,698,0,0,698,868,1591,510,12,22,679,8,15,664,3,6,658,23,73,586,2851,1,50752,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,3,2,56,38,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","SIDNEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,36,66,654,39,72,582,19,35,547,12,22,525,27,50,476,38,70,594,200,367,418,928,1701,298,12,22,467,14,26,441,11,20,599,27,50,550,2852,1,50752,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,2,2,56,40,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","KILLEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,1515,2654,38401,2032,3512,34941,568,957,33906,811,1364,32383,2303,3935,28369,2103,3623,24697,1150,1949,22638,3905,6750,39224,3140,5527,33621,140,241,33352,1226,2214,31022,7796,9042,43816,6031,1,50752,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,56,40,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","KILLEN",0,"BIT COAL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,396655,162048,146219,299969,123570,141430,380134,154283,172985,326056,132202,166969,335211,138111,191956,337194,139038,170239,357281,145509,178055,407089,168349,129255,293108,123208,110897,435673,179182,98466,52201,22774,186101,115941,32572,227624,6031,1,50752,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,133,10,"OHIO EDISON CO","EDGEWATER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,"A",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,255,723,33,159,366,33,0,0,0,308,793,33,68,152,33,5,124,33,27,86,33,7,17,33,1286,2860,33,3,6,33,2857,1,52154,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,9,133,10,"OHIO EDISON CO","EDGEWATER",0,"NAT GAS",13998,"0M",394,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,7097,98907,0,15050,194824,0,0,0,0,5911,86537,0,13656,173637,0,24053,289252,0,13182,151945,0,7495,97750,0,13698,169535,0,9290,104799,0,2857,1,52154,"NG","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,133,10,"OHIO EDISON CO","EDGEWATER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,39,51,10875,58,329,9555,-8,73,8938,-14,44,9839,0,0,9464,200,693,10736,984,3224,10487,1718,5378,9687,120,437,8935,-17,0,8918,15,18,8748,20,140,9834,2857,1,52154,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,133,15,"OHIO EDISON CO","GORGE STEAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2858,1,52154,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,133,15,"OHIO EDISON CO","GORGE STEAM",0,"BIT COAL",13998,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2858,1,52154,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,133,30,"OHIO EDISON CO","MAD RIVER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,-78,0,15547,-26,273,15273,-54,0,15273,-54,0,15273,363,2822,15479,99,426,15053,1080,3857,14177,3295,9983,13051,179,602,14577,62,386,15260,60,421,14839,73,357,15562,2860,1,52154,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,133,43,"OHIO EDISON CO","NILES",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,5,9,253,86,166,190,142,266,280,33,64,216,17,38,406,275,522,253,67,130,224,50,97,303,45,88,221,63,123,320,28,54,266,27,53,213,2861,1,52154,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,133,43,"OHIO EDISON CO","NILES",0,"BIT COAL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,123871,55965,73387,98573,45856,68795,100911,45527,84171,102317,46469,88241,6938,3797,109930,76341,34497,104722,105408,49207,76769,73326,33732,70283,103996,47562,47231,111221,52359,33613,108872,49872,33134,113766,51273,29923,2861,1,52154,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,133,43,"OHIO EDISON CO","NILES",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,55,295,7474,75,333,7682,-36,56,7626,-41,0,7626,-25,30,7596,100,416,7180,647,2274,6851,1403,4579,5630,65,256,6970,-7,118,6852,3,124,6728,61,335,7293,2861,1,52154,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,133,45,"OHIO EDISON CO","R E BURGER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,101,204,570,57,119,629,70,132,675,95,173,502,63,117,562,95,188,374,81,156,558,51,100,633,44,83,549,46,91,458,2,3,632,119,296,336,2864,1,52154,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,133,45,"OHIO EDISON CO","R E BURGER",0,"BIT COAL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,220103,104240,157034,164294,78521,184267,126512,54034,193327,150997,63973,186573,81596,35961,201217,96775,43949,193287,127163,56391,181386,166656,74197,142563,130934,57102,99030,67387,30839,87088,93946,40429,64542,82572,48775,54306,2864,1,52154,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,3,2,133,45,"OHIO EDISON CO","R E BURGER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,7,10,1284,23,46,1417,9,11,1407,0,0,1407,0,0,1407,34,84,1323,236,429,1243,566,1044,904,17,35,1224,23,43,1181,0,0,1181,30,77,1647,2864,1,52154,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,2,2,133,57,"OHIO EDISON CO","W H SAMMIS",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,1482,2546,867,528,903,1046,558,954,844,550,932,638,695,1199,912,544,955,1493,706,1274,1304,451,1354,1217,1142,2017,1181,1316,2293,1036,94,160,983,2104,3601,973,2866,1,52154,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,133,57,"OHIO EDISON CO","W H SAMMIS",0,"BIT COAL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,1276095,514756,525945,1279324,511426,457910,1239563,502275,472374,1278563,515393,459047,1160892,479648,563045,1211972,504994,605054,1203599,510803,549162,1367687,590999,470321,991825,414819,354704,1017793,422778,445492,1052538,422578,399901,1094820,447068,288610,2866,1,52154,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,3,2,133,57,"OHIO EDISON CO","W H SAMMIS",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,21,47,2208,62,132,2422,24,52,2506,21,51,2619,18,49,2690,84,169,2569,424,916,2504,994,1895,1445,56,115,2687,17,62,1885,61,120,2363,49,78,2264,2866,1,52154,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,5,2,133,80,"OHIO EDISON CO","W LORAIN JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2869,1,52154,"FO2","CC" 31,39,1,6,2,133,80,"OHIO EDISON CO","W LORAIN JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,"A",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,18,114,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2869,1,52154,"FO2","CT" 31,39,1,2,2,141,28,"OHIO POWER CO","MUSKINGUM R",0,"LIGHT OIL",14006,"0M",1294,,364,95,3882,6525,18086,2171,3713,17991,1663,2732,19038,2100,3500,20732,2616,4271,21458,2357,4274,22882,1323,2298,23072,3025,5284,24028,1082,2039,25141,1349,2367,24554,1527,2671,21638,6433,9974,10617,2872,1,54028,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,141,28,"OHIO POWER CO","MUSKINGUM R",0,"BIT COAL",14006,"0M",1294,,364,95,535201,215186,421884,537048,220375,419768,597967,235236,427281,521184,207858,375208,449068,175136,430680,464394,194776,458208,580017,239178,402984,570215,237224,362814,265479,117802,367772,240284,100504,368567,286463,120853,342833,504050,190482,323803,2872,1,54028,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,141,30,"OHIO POWER CO","GAVIN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14006,"0M",1294,,364,95,3763,6775,47403,769,1320,46083,4239,7491,38592,399,722,37870,719,1203,36667,2089,3543,33123,1042,1767,31357,1100,2128,29229,787,1372,39659,1447,2509,37150,1827,3076,34074,190,326,33748,8102,1,54028,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,141,30,"OHIO POWER CO","GAVIN",0,"BIT COAL",14006,"0M",1294,,364,95,64858,30038,1931820,651490,284413,2186971,988276,436625,1888556,1196488,552083,1872871,1419448,615414,1838157,1182854,513910,1760692,1417031,613808,1615051,1643009,713610,1363516,1514789,657244,1159863,1269184,559173,1152059,1395530,601427,1176037,1375641,605361,1157372,8102,1,54028,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,1,,141,35,"OHIO POWER CO","RACINE",0,,14006,"0M",1294,,364,95,18331,0,0,19396,0,0,21002,0,0,26318,0,0,19638,0,0,23776,0,0,16330,0,0,12023,0,0,7551,0,0,14526,0,0,23751,0,0,24817,0,0,6006,1,54028,"WAT","HY" 31,39,1,2,6,141,40,"OHIO POWER CO","TIDD",0,"BIT COAL",14006,"0M",1294,"S",364,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2874,1,54028,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,147,1,"OHIO VALLEY ELEC CORP","KYGER CREEK",0,"LIGHT OIL",14015,"0M",1294,,506,95,214,364,1335,346,582,1079,478,772,930,80,131,1631,298,520,1248,203,342,1489,97,168,1464,0,0,1642,55,92,1550,582,973,577,236,390,1258,83,146,1373,2876,1,52156,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,147,1,"OHIO VALLEY ELEC CORP","KYGER CREEK",0,"BIT COAL",14015,"0M",1294,,506,95,702913,271965,605907,555922,215202,643003,623778,230327,685798,645615,237897,675827,712862,278407,639864,676683,252935,580389,702720,270228,524058,722985,274975,470824,637930,231881,406765,609383,225508,431319,645928,235364,421426,715380,277692,649924,2876,1,52156,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,1,168,1,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","DAVIS-BESSE",0,"NUCLEAR",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,658580,0,0,596841,0,0,657111,0,0,620608,0,0,643953,0,0,629968,0,0,645923,0,0,643124,0,0,630210,0,0,652469,0,0,633467,0,0,645496,0,0,6149,1,52927,"UR","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,168,9,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","ACME",0,"PROPANE",18997,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2877,1,52927,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,168,9,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","ACME",0,"BIT COAL",18997,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2877,1,52927,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,9,168,9,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","ACME",0,"NAT GAS",18997,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2877,1,52927,"NG","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,168,11,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","BAY SHORE",0,"LIGHT OIL",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,136,448,525,273,439,445,156,255,550,380,622,464,160,607,393,170,407,521,159,530,700,226,457,598,155,367,588,238,402,364,76,315,588,112,197,572,2878,1,52927,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,168,11,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","BAY SHORE",0,"BIT COAL",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,271495,103216,169716,328463,121979,150035,259418,97335,167411,220548,81660,204738,228937,86543,252579,283830,108691,226673,265296,101256,155041,323077,180415,73781,309205,109740,75119,176674,67648,106761,254611,97258,111939,278242,107020,82847,2878,1,52927,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,168,11,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","BAY SHORE",0,"LIGHT OIL",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,14,64,566,36,59,688,0,0,782,14,24,758,0,0,758,17,30,1086,46,267,997,175,646,886,8,62,825,2,5,820,0,19,979,1,53,926,2878,1,52927,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,2,168,18,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","RICHLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,0,40,2793,0,0,2793,0,0,2793,0,25,2768,0,3,2764,27,124,2641,49,260,2380,192,729,1652,0,0,1652,0,44,1607,0,0,2325,0,0,2325,2880,1,52927,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,168,18,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","RICHLAND",0,"NAT GAS",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,0,276,0,0,594,0,0,324,0,0,621,0,0,756,0,25,675,0,71,2079,0,345,7385,0,0,215,0,0,3046,0,0,92,0,2,392,0,2880,1,52927,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,4,2,168,19,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","STRYKER",0,"LIGHT OIL",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,10,159,1191,0,0,1191,0,0,1191,0,0,1191,0,0,1191,0,0,1191,0,0,1191,0,8,1183,0,0,1183,16,41,1142,0,0,92,0,29,1113,2881,1,52927,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,3,2,522,1,"ARCANUM (CITY OF)","ARCANUM",0,"LIGHT OIL",768,"0A",1294,,,95,27,51,203,49,90,186,15,31,155,4,8,148,3,5,143,17,33,110,14,27,82,52,101,101,4,8,93,3,6,87,4,13,74,8,21,171,2902,1,50096,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,3,2,552,1,"BRYAN (CITY OF)","BRYAN",0,"LIGHT OIL",2439,"0M",1294,,,95,14,23,355,14,25,329,0,0,329,178,304,378,39,68,310,12,21,289,145,250,215,87,158,235,29,50,179,16,27,153,37,63,268,9,32,237,2903,1,50356,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,4,2,552,1,"BRYAN (CITY OF)","BRYAN",0,"LIGHT OIL",2439,"0M",1294,,,95,22,50,6950,0,0,6950,2,156,6795,0,0,6790,0,0,6790,0,0,6790,0,0,6790,0,0,6790,0,0,6760,0,0,6720,6,12,6690,1,5,6682,2903,1,50356,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,4,9,552,1,"BRYAN (CITY OF)","BRYAN",0,"NAT GAS",2439,"0M",1294,,,95,22,566,0,82,2330,0,0,0,0,254,4926,0,3992,62915,0,6018,86797,0,4936,89292,0,8968,190437,0,6094,104355,0,104,2299,0,132,2762,0,420,8161,0,2903,1,50356,"NG","GT" 31,39,5,4,2,561,2,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","COLLINWOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",3762,"0M",1294,,,95,0,1,1070,0,4,1066,83,263,803,0,0,803,4,238,565,0,0,922,0,0,922,50,256,1022,0,0,1022,0,0,1022,0,0,1022,0,0,1022,2906,1,50589,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,4,9,561,2,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","COLLINWOOD",0,"NAT GAS",3762,"0M",1294,,,95,27,729,0,0,0,0,1,32,0,0,33,0,0,0,0,674,8563,0,274,8962,0,32,941,0,17,380,0,0,3,0,0,7,0,0,4,0,2906,1,50589,"NG","GT" 31,39,5,2,2,561,10,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","LAKE ROAD",0,"LIGHT OIL",3762,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2908,1,50589,"FO2","ST" 31,39,5,2,6,561,10,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","LAKE ROAD",0,"BIT COAL",3762,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2908,1,50589,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,4,2,561,20,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","W 41ST ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",3762,"0M",1294,,,95,0,1,1995,0,0,1994,0,0,1994,0,0,1993,0,0,1993,0,0,1992,0,1,1992,0,1,1991,0,0,1990,0,0,1990,0,1,1989,0,0,1989,2909,1,50589,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,4,9,561,20,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","W 41ST ST",0,"NAT GAS",3762,"0M",1294,,,95,477,14950,0,526,10745,0,431,12673,0,247,6523,0,221,6443,0,340,8176,0,1197,15109,0,4074,94135,0,593,26459,0,537,13366,0,668,16240,0,628,17345,0,2909,1,50589,"NG","GT" 31,39,5,2,6,579,1,"DOVER (CITY OF)","DOVER",0,"BIT COAL",5336,"0M",1294,,,95,7510,5164,474,5838,3935,612,7700,4900,592,6987,4742,130,0,7,150,0,0,623,5223,3579,213,7330,5046,506,6122,4199,218,2658,1764,200,6852,5320,346,7262,4963,413,2914,1,50806,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,2,9,579,1,"DOVER (CITY OF)","DOVER",0,"NAT GAS",5336,"0M",794,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,27,403,0,884,12716,0,410,6737,0,110,1163,0,663,9798,0,637,9130,0,2914,1,50806,"NG","ST" 31,39,5,3,2,579,1,"DOVER (CITY OF)","DOVER",0,"LIGHT OIL",5336,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,66,0,0,66,4,9,61,0,0,66,0,0,57,18,228,79,36,74,109,29,75,101,0,0,101,0,0,101,0,0,101,0,0,101,2914,1,50806,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,4,9,579,5,"DOVER (CITY OF)","DOVER",0,"NAT GAS",5336,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,65,1022,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,48,698,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2914,1,50806,"NG","GT" 31,39,5,2,2,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"LIGHT OIL",7977,"0M",1294,,,95,5,11,1751,1,3,1749,1,4,1747,1,5,1744,1,4,1743,4,10,1737,3,7,1734,4,9,1730,4,11,1724,1,4,1722,1,6,1719,7,16,1711,2917,1,51225,"FO2","ST" 31,39,5,2,6,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"BIT COAL",7977,"0M",1294,,,95,22703,11176,13737,252,146,15989,5474,3315,16142,8640,5428,12982,9803,5101,7881,11553,6584,1297,16363,9478,2000,22973,9375,5688,24478,13592,4621,4956,3752,6715,4870,4046,7024,23079,11772,7422,2917,1,51225,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,2,9,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"NAT GAS",7977,"0M",1294,,,95,157,1874,0,13990,195116,0,5260,76784,0,483,7231,0,4563,57272,0,9310,123945,0,17338,207709,0,14384,141922,0,1816,24404,0,676,12116,0,270,5334,0,784,9339,0,2917,1,51225,"NG","ST" 31,39,5,4,2,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"LIGHT OIL",7977,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,1751,0,0,1749,0,0,1748,0,0,1745,0,0,1742,0,0,1738,0,0,1735,0,0,1730,0,0,1725,0,0,1723,0,0,1719,0,0,1711,2917,1,51225,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,4,9,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"NAT GAS",7977,"0M",1294,,,95,11,142,0,174,2439,0,83,1220,0,26,393,0,18,234,0,55,745,0,1064,12754,0,1170,28673,0,18,250,0,134,2411,0,10,207,0,18,217,0,2917,1,51225,"NG","GT" 31,39,5,1,,605,5,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HMLTN HYDRO",0,,7977,"0M",1294,"R",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7807,1,51225,"WAT","HY" 31,39,5,3,2,629,1,"LEBANON (CITY OF)","LEBANON",0,"LIGHT OIL",10830,"0M",1294,,,95,3,23,1067,0,0,1067,90,268,799,0,0,799,0,0,799,0,0,799,29,63,734,52,106,805,0,0,805,0,0,805,0,0,805,0,0,805,2921,1,51615,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,4,2,629,1,"LEBANON (CITY OF)","LEBANON",0,"LIGHT OIL",10830,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2921,1,51615,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,3,2,684,1,"OBERLIN (CITY OF)","OBERLIN",0,"LIGHT OIL",13949,"0A",1294,,,95,5,65,637,21,41,596,0,37,558,8,17,528,0,0,509,33,80,429,17,210,218,239,528,405,11,41,364,8,17,348,194,525,358,145,391,324,2933,1,52140,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,3,9,684,1,"OBERLIN (CITY OF)","OBERLIN",0,"NAT GAS",13949,"0A",1294,,,95,275,2724,0,260,2802,0,5,1676,0,75,826,0,13,132,0,200,1734,0,339,3535,0,552,5958,0,39,487,0,82,884,0,969,9721,0,63,1533,0,2933,1,52140,"NG","IC" 31,39,5,2,6,689,1,"ORRVILLE (CITY OF)","ORRVILLE",0,"BIT COAL",14194,"0M",1294,,,95,30925,20332,2401,27128,23359,528,19190,7163,1721,22147,13962,524,29670,13038,1437,23583,15893,1741,24259,14697,2641,28372,19561,2485,22121,14691,1281,18235,13105,1557,28993,15643,959,24197,16177,783,2935,1,52192,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,2,9,689,1,"ORRVILLE (CITY OF)","ORRVILLE",0,"NAT GAS",14194,"0M",1294,,,95,45,744,0,42,811,0,122,1020,0,127,1797,0,112,1116,0,51,780,0,63,856,0,72,1126,0,22,331,0,46,762,0,78,961,0,76,1181,0,2935,1,52192,"NG","ST" 31,39,5,2,2,691,1,"PAINESVILLE (CITY OF)","PAINESVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14381,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,1518,0,0,1518,0,0,1518,36,100,1776,5,13,1762,0,0,1048,0,0,1762,25,73,1689,25,73,1616,4,14,1602,17,53,1548,10,20,1528,2936,1,52227,"FO2","ST" 31,39,5,2,6,691,1,"PAINESVILLE (CITY OF)","PAINESVILLE",0,"BIT COAL",14381,"0M",1294,,,95,17099,10622,1607,15231,10037,2990,13188,8922,6467,12361,8060,7830,13138,7996,7962,15287,8544,8154,15901,9966,8093,12362,8310,8580,11176,7757,8780,11298,8213,9293,8336,6116,9293,7235,5099,7825,2936,1,52227,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,2,9,691,1,"PAINESVILLE (CITY OF)","PAINESVILLE",0,"NAT GAS",14381,"0M",1294,,,95,16,258,0,29,464,0,152,2440,0,67,1072,0,27,394,0,18,254,0,42,658,0,113,1904,0,81,1386,0,46,839,0,100,1812,0,97,1715,0,2936,1,52227,"NG","ST" 31,39,5,2,2,700,10,"PIQUA (CITY OF)","PIQUA",0,"LIGHT OIL",15095,"0M",1294,,,95,0,1,33,1,9,24,0,0,35,1,7,27,0,0,32,0,1,31,0,1,30,0,0,30,0,0,30,0,4,26,0,3,23,1,6,36,2937,1,52334,"FO2","ST" 31,39,5,2,6,700,10,"PIQUA (CITY OF)","PIQUA",0,"BIT COAL",15095,"0M",1294,,,95,2963,3832,1560,2779,3526,1061,2427,2994,1038,1970,2648,582,2418,2789,195,1914,2556,734,1374,2211,15,1611,2421,41,1481,2312,382,2468,3140,627,2650,3515,1751,2688,3569,2090,2937,1,52334,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,4,2,700,10,"PIQUA (CITY OF)","PIQUA",0,"LIGHT OIL",15095,"0M",1294,,,95,24,119,2949,51,239,3071,-37,127,2947,119,588,2896,109,897,3032,277,1359,2730,469,2758,2645,595,2956,2720,-11,101,2619,37,176,2979,59,288,3048,121,591,2992,2937,1,52334,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,2,6,722,1,"SAINT MARYS (CITY OF)","ST MARYS",0,"BIT COAL",17891,"0M",1294,,,95,1250,698,645,3927,2565,332,4111,3269,140,0,0,150,0,0,150,1641,1050,490,5298,3368,489,222,149,638,1630,1068,419,4646,3274,449,4461,2807,449,4928,3119,495,2942,1,52789,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,4,2,722,1,"SAINT MARYS (CITY OF)","ST MARYS",0,"LIGHT OIL",17891,"0M",1294,,,95,1,12,318,0,0,307,28,146,352,0,0,352,0,0,352,1,4,348,59,83,428,3,8,420,1,24,396,0,0,520,1,3,518,2,6,512,2942,1,52789,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,2,6,726,1,"SHELBY (CITY OF)","SHELBY",0,"BIT COAL",17043,"0M",1294,,,95,8039,5710,300,7249,5098,300,7132,4852,300,6141,3985,300,6694,4389,300,8103,4859,300,6796,4831,300,7378,5266,0,6897,3944,300,6844,4580,300,7615,5188,300,8726,5206,300,2943,1,52637,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,2,9,726,1,"SHELBY (CITY OF)","SHELBY",0,"NAT GAS",17043,"0M",1294,,,95,134,1996,0,47,686,0,36,517,0,9,134,0,0,0,0,30,381,0,96,1415,0,11,164,0,19,230,0,41,576,0,48,685,0,44,555,0,2943,1,52637,"NG","ST" 31,39,5,3,2,726,1,"SHELBY (CITY OF)","SHELBY",0,"LIGHT OIL",17043,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,73,0,0,73,0,0,73,0,0,103,0,0,103,0,0,103,1,5,93,1,4,83,2,5,78,0,1,77,0,1,76,0,1,45,2943,1,52637,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,3,9,726,1,"SHELBY (CITY OF)","SHELBY",0,"NAT GAS",17043,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2943,1,52637,"NG","IC" 31,39,5,3,2,774,1,"WOODSFIELD (CITY OF)","WOODSFIELD",0,"LIGHT OIL",20977,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2945,1,53350,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,3,9,774,1,"WOODSFIELD (CITY OF)","WOODSFIELD",0,"NAT GAS",20977,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2945,1,53350,"NG","IC" 31,39,8,2,6,800,1,"AMER MUN POWER-OHIO INC","R GORSUCH",0,"BIT COAL",40577,"0M",1294,,,95,99037,64265,81413,104738,67228,84252,126378,79745,86718,63579,42733,100556,123281,76701,94920,115392,69307,101317,117333,72018,101225,121473,79176,86641,108722,66669,90892,126955,78956,87022,103717,67360,86260,126485,80616,78276,7286,1,58910,"BIT","ST" 31,39,8,2,9,800,1,"AMER MUN POWER-OHIO INC","R GORSUCH",0,"NAT GAS",40577,"0M",1294,,,95,1576,22702,0,1469,21157,0,638,9083,0,541,8226,0,767,10634,0,1094,14686,0,877,12191,0,505,7352,0,810,11188,0,528,7439,0,733,10544,0,821,11624,0,7286,1,58910,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,25,1,"COMMONWEALTH ED CO IND","STATE LINE",0,"BIT COAL",4111,"0M",1294,,101,95,111368,64033,111935,149730,82697,41943,169301,90886,94463,49952,30907,197006,107334,61118,203229,185763,102059,199201,147171,80912,167481,211732,117972,103696,93902,54629,131796,97942,56647,95060,141995,78255,74660,93050,52182,100094,981,4,54003,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,25,1,"COMMONWEALTH ED CO IND","STATE LINE",0,"NAT GAS",4111,"0M",1294,,101,95,6077,64670,0,5326,53012,0,4895,48146,0,1349,14775,0,4538,48258,0,4988,51500,0,4470,45645,0,4498,45907,0,2972,32243,0,3706,39699,0,5098,51893,0,3793,39849,0,981,4,54003,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,2,2,45,1,"INDIANA-KENTUCKY EL CORP","CLIFTY CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",9269,"0M",1294,,505,95,186,351,3905,152,276,3630,241,444,3700,377,692,3522,263,551,3142,200,360,3468,175,320,4005,93,171,4177,112,189,3988,183,330,3658,234,419,3925,187,321,3947,983,1,54010,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,45,1,"INDIANA-KENTUCKY EL CORP","CLIFTY CRK",0,"BIT COAL",9269,"0M",1294,,505,95,680000,340288,711560,681685,332462,794224,771872,377298,719124,715568,349771,768331,774831,394798,790608,706890,347717,739042,846234,432529,698423,836401,439085,664104,841295,424266,608234,755940,378632,751924,859900,416889,759244,867253,423226,804472,983,1,54010,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,1,,57,5,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","ELKHART",0,,9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,1650,0,0,1194,0,0,1755,0,0,1250,0,0,1341,0,0,1179,0,0,1157,0,0,1230,0,0,728,0,0,610,0,0,606,0,0,1138,0,0,986,1,57745,"WAT","HY" 32,18,1,1,,57,15,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","TWIN BRANCH",0,,9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,2749,0,0,2559,0,0,3177,0,0,3035,0,0,3169,0,0,2570,0,0,2394,0,0,2550,0,0,1769,0,0,1707,0,0,2868,0,0,2542,0,0,989,1,57745,"WAT","HY" 32,18,1,2,2,57,40,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","TANNERS CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,1203,1922,5959,701,1134,5915,1180,2025,6714,1059,1682,6177,1112,1829,5848,1144,1978,6336,1259,2060,7095,1078,1912,5713,665,1191,4522,206,409,5361,886,1592,4308,1326,2011,4418,988,1,57745,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,57,40,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","TANNERS CRK",0,"BIT COAL",9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,432338,162155,420217,485332,183170,404434,427268,171172,375261,371083,146417,383926,364601,144830,374644,383224,158993,372917,442272,183537,275408,494886,200826,195877,151186,61682,248353,10073,4559,312659,189477,75997,327350,330050,118848,262047,988,1,57745,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,4,2,57,55,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","FOURTH ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,1025,1,57745,"FO2","GT" 32,18,1,2,2,57,60,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","ROCKPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,1253,2167,36532,1335,2320,34384,3886,6841,48740,4321,7609,41131,3580,6420,34711,5662,10180,45654,3887,6888,38767,4216,7569,31198,1478,2587,28611,1002,1634,26976,690,1194,25782,1723,4126,33355,6166,1,57745,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,57,60,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","ROCKPORT",0,"BIT COAL",9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,1749008,1032186,1725862,1579775,933220,1565332,1339465,797497,1717887,1321428,787392,1749794,910898,553161,1861348,1507665,916281,1691338,1420244,862282,1685879,1514621,918947,1761783,1599963,954251,1694782,1691163,933949,1738612,1640828,959611,1762887,1464158,854236,1918162,6166,1,57745,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,2,63,5,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","E W STOUT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,566,1401,20541,856,1914,17945,116,609,17337,446,1143,15565,419,1038,14023,233,762,13073,334,805,11083,970,3484,18728,223,679,18049,471,1101,16948,1380,2012,14910,618,1456,13138,990,1,51394,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,63,5,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","E W STOUT",0,"BIT COAL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,194584,90056,252587,180919,84581,279836,140480,66420,317709,160947,73882,318796,235268,109052,299888,217930,103073,287645,259644,122601,267666,349367,162431,221093,272895,126479,196285,244308,112170,197708,270443,125748,220391,253279,116842,274191,990,1,51394,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,3,2,63,5,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","E W STOUT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,990,1,51394,"FO2","IC" 32,18,1,4,2,63,5,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","E W STOUT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,1107,4856,0,-42,681,0,-50,0,0,112,628,0,182,504,0,-7,189,0,293,1179,0,349,1894,0,-35,0,0,-43,0,0,-50,26,0,-11,317,0,990,1,51394,"FO2","GT" 32,18,1,4,9,63,5,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","E W STOUT",0,"NAT GAS",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,1286,11256,0,10,1339,0,-53,1880,0,93,2875,0,1102,18630,0,448,8470,0,4489,66365,0,11695,166046,0,-64,3722,0,-37,1618,0,3205,49273,0,3710,54428,0,990,1,51394,"NG","GT" 32,18,1,2,2,63,15,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PERRY K",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4682,0,0,4553,0,0,4331,0,0,4301,0,0,4287,0,0,3841,0,0,3636,0,0,5062,0,0,5057,0,0,5051,0,0,5042,0,0,4762,992,1,51394,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,63,15,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PERRY K",0,"BIT COAL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,79574,-1610,0,80083,0,0,75101,0,0,73147,0,0,75348,0,0,76456,766,826,73924,340,352,74885,1152,1362,75776,0,0,74934,0,0,77090,0,0,71176,992,1,51394,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,63,15,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","PERRY K",0,"NAT GAS",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,17,437,0,7,193,0,32,957,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,992,1,51394,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,5,9,63,15,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO",