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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Long-Range Reconnaissance Imager on New Horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The LOng-Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) is the high resolution imaging instrument for the New Horizons mission to Pluto, its giant satellite Charon, its small moons Nix and Hydra, and the Kuiper Belt, which is the vast region of icy bodies extending roughly from Neptune's orbit out to 50 astronomical units (AU). New Horizons launched on January 19, 2006 as the inaugural mission in NASA's New Frontiers program. LORRI is a narrow angle (field of view=0.29 deg), high resolution (4.95 microrad pixels), Ritchey-Chretien telescope with a 20.8 cm diameter primary mirror, a focal length of 263 cm, and a three lens field-flattening assembly. A 1024 x 1024 pixel (optically active region), thinned, backside-illuminated charge-coupled device (CCD) detector is used in the focal plane unit and is operated in frame transfer mode. LORRI provides panchromatic imaging over a bandpass that extends approximately from 350 nm to 850 nm. LORRI operates in an extreme thermal environment, situated inside the warm spacecraft with a large, open aperture viewing cold space. LORRI has a silicon carbide optical system, designed to maintain focus over the operating temperature range without a focus adjustment mechanism. Moreover, the spacecraft is thruster-stabilized without reaction wheels, placing stringent limits on the available exposure time and the optical throughput needed to satisfy the measurement requirements.

A. F. Cheng; H. A. Weaver; S. J. Conard; M. F. Morgan; O. Barnouin-Jha; J. D. Boldt; K. A. Cooper; E. H. Darlington; M. P. Grey; J. R. Hayes; K. E. Kosakowski; T. Magee; E. Rossano; D. Sampath; C. Schlemm; H. W. Taylor

2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

2

Long-Range Reconnaissance Imager on New Horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The LOng-Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) is the high resolution imaging instrument for the New Horizons mission to Pluto, its giant satellite Charon, its small moons Nix and Hydra, and the Kuiper Belt, which is the vast region of icy bodies extending roughly from Neptune's orbit out to 50 astronomical units (AU). New Horizons launched on January 19, 2006 as the inaugural mission in NASA's New Frontiers program. LORRI is a narrow angle (field of view=0.29 deg), high resolution (4.95 microrad pixels), Ritchey-Chretien telescope with a 20.8 cm diameter primary mirror, a focal length of 263 cm, and a three lens field-flattening assembly. A 1024 x 1024 pixel (optically active region), thinned, backside-illuminated charge-coupled device (CCD) detector is used in the focal plane unit and is operated in frame transfer mode. LORRI provides panchromatic imaging over a bandpass that extends approximately from 350 nm to 850 nm. LORRI operates in an extreme thermal environment, situated inside the warm spacecraft with...

Cheng, A F; Conard, S J; Morgan, M F; Barnouin-Jha, O; Boldt, J D; Cooper, K A; Darlington, E H; Grey, M P; Hayes, J R; Kosakowski, K E; Magee, T; Rossano, E; Sampath, D; Schlemm, C; Taylor, H W

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

ALICE: The Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph aboard the New Horizons Pluto-Kuiper Belt Mission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Horizons ALICE instrument is a lightweight (4.4 kg), low-power (4.4 Watt) imaging spectrograph aboard the New Horizons mission to Pluto/Charon and the Kuiper Belt. Its primary job is to determine the relative abundances of various species in Pluto's atmosphere. ALICE will also be used to search for an atmosphere around Pluto's moon, Charon, as well as the Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) that New Horizons hopes to fly by after Pluto-Charon, and it will make UV surface reflectivity measurements of all of these bodies as well. The instrument incorporates an off-axis telescope feeding a Rowland-circle spectrograph with a 520-1870 angstroms spectral passband, a spectral point spread function of 3-6 angstroms FWHM, and an instantaneous spatial field-of-view that is 6 degrees long. Different input apertures that feed the telescope allow for both airglow and solar occultation observations during the mission. The focal plane detector is an imaging microchannel plate (MCP) double delay-line detector with dual solar-blind opaque photocathodes (KBr and CsI) and a focal surface that matches the instrument's 15-cm diameter Rowland-circle. In what follows, we describe the instrument in greater detail, including descriptions of its ground calibration and initial in flight performance.

S. Alan Stern; David C. Slater; John Scherrer; John Stone; Greg Dirks; Maarten Versteeg; Michael Davis; G. R. Gladstone; Joel Wm. Parker; Leslie A. Young; O. H. W. Siegmund

2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

4

ALICE: The Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph aboard the New Horizons Pluto-Kuiper Belt Mission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Horizons ALICE instrument is a lightweight (4.4 kg), low-power (4.4 Watt) imaging spectrograph aboard the New Horizons mission to Pluto/Charon and the Kuiper Belt. Its primary job is to determine the relative abundances of various species in Pluto's atmosphere. ALICE will also be used to search for an atmosphere around Pluto's moon, Charon, as well as the Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) that New Horizons hopes to fly by after Pluto-Charon, and it will make UV surface reflectivity measurements of all of these bodies as well. The instrument incorporates an off-axis telescope feeding a Rowland-circle spectrograph with a 520-1870 angstroms spectral passband, a spectral point spread function of 3-6 angstroms FWHM, and an instantaneous spatial field-of-view that is 6 degrees long. Different input apertures that feed the telescope allow for both airglow and solar occultation observations during the mission. The focal plane detector is an imaging microchannel plate (MCP) double delay-line detector with dual solar-...

Stern, S Alan; Scherrer, John; Stone, John; Dirks, Greg; Versteeg, Maarten; Davis, Michael; Gladstone, G R; Parker, Joel Wm; Young, Leslie A; Siegmund, O H W

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Accounting for Circumsolar and Horizon Cloud Determination Errors in Sky Image Inferral of Sky Cover  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accounting for Circumsolar and Horizon Cloud Determination Errors in Sky Accounting for Circumsolar and Horizon Cloud Determination Errors in Sky Image Inferral of Sky Cover. C. N. Long, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 1) Introduction In observing the cloudless sky, one can often notice that the area near the sun is whiter and brighter than the rest of the hemisphere. Additionally, even a slight haze will make a large angular area of the horizon whiter and brighter when the sun is low on the horizon. The human eye has an amazing ability to handle a range of light intensity spanning orders of magnitude. But one of the persistent problems in using sky images to infer fractional sky cover is the intensity range limitations of the camera detector. It is desirable to have bright enough images to be able to detect thin clouds, yet this often means the part of the image near the

6

Ralph: A Visible/Infrared Imager for the New Horizons Pluto/Kuiper Belt Mission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Horizons instrument named Ralph is a visible/near infrared multi-spectral imager and a short wavelength infrared spectral imager. It is one of the core instruments on New Horizons, NASA's first mission to the Pluto/Charon system and the Kuiper Belt. Ralph combines panchromatic and color imaging capabilities with IR imaging spectroscopy. Its primary purpose is to map the surface geology and composition of these objects, but it will also be used for atmospheric studies and to map the surface temperature. It is a compact, low-mass (10.5 kg), power efficient (7.1 W peak), and robust instrument with good sensitivity and excellent imaging characteristics. Other than a door opened once in flight, it has no moving parts. These characteristics and its high degree of redundancy make Ralph ideally suited to this long-duration flyby reconnaissance mission.

Reuter, Dennis C; Scherrer, John; Jennings, Donald E; Baer, James; Hanley, John; Hardaway, Lisa; Lunsford, Allen; McMuldroch, Stuart; Moore, Jeffrey; Olkin, Cathy; Parizek, Robert; Reitsma, Harold; Sabatke, Derek; Spencer, John; Stone, John; Throop, Henry; Van Cleve, Jeffrey; Weigle, Gerald E; Young, Leslie A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Ralph: A Visible/Infrared Imager for the New Horizons Pluto/Kuiper Belt Mission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Horizons instrument named Ralph is a visible/near infrared multi-spectral imager and a short wavelength infrared spectral imager. It is one of the core instruments on New Horizons, NASA's first mission to the Pluto/Charon system and the Kuiper Belt. Ralph combines panchromatic and color imaging capabilities with IR imaging spectroscopy. Its primary purpose is to map the surface geology and composition of these objects, but it will also be used for atmospheric studies and to map the surface temperature. It is a compact, low-mass (10.5 kg), power efficient (7.1 W peak), and robust instrument with good sensitivity and excellent imaging characteristics. Other than a door opened once in flight, it has no moving parts. These characteristics and its high degree of redundancy make Ralph ideally suited to this long-duration flyby reconnaissance mission.

Dennis C. Reuter; S. Alan Stern; John Scherrer; Donald E. Jennings; James Baer; John Hanley; Lisa Hardaway; Allen Lunsford; Stuart McMuldroch; Jeffrey Moore; Cathy Olkin; Robert Parizek; Harold Reitsma; Derek Sabatke; John Spencer; John Stone; Henry Throop; Jeffrey Van Cleve; Gerald E. Weigle; Leslie A. Young

2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

8

Long Range Reconnaissance Imager on New Horizons. Space Sci. Rev., this volume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The LOng-Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) is the high resolution imaging instrument for the New Horizons mission to Pluto, its giant satellite Charon, its small moons Nix and Hydra, and the Kuiper Belt, which is the vast region of icy bodies extending roughly from Neptune’s orbit out to 50 astronomical units (AU). New Horizons launched on January 19, 2006 as the inaugural mission in NASA’s New Frontiers program. LORRI is a narrow angle (field of view=0.29°), high resolution (4.95 µrad pixels), Ritchey-Chrétien telescope with a 20.8 cm diameter primary mirror, a focal length of 263 cm, and a three lens field-flattening assembly. A 1024 × 1024 pixel (optically active region), thinned, backside-illuminated charge-coupled device detector is used in the focal plane unit and is operated in frame transfer mode. LORRI provides panchromatic imaging over a bandpass that extends approximately from 350 nm to 850 nm. LORRI operates in an extreme thermal environment, situated inside the warm spacecraft with a large, open aperture viewing cold space. LORRI has a silicon carbide optical system, designed to maintain focus over the operating temperature range without a focus adjustment mechanism. Moreover, the spacecraft is thruster-stabilized without reaction wheels, placing stringent limits on the available exposure time and the optical throughput needed to satisfy the measurement requirements. 1 1.

A. F. Cheng; H. A. Weaver; S. J. Conard; M. F. Morgan; O. Barnouin-jha; J. D. Boldt; A. Cooper; E. H. Darlington; M. P. Grey; J. R. Hayes; K. E. Kosakowski; T. Magee; D. Sampath; C. Schlemm; H. W. Taylor

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

HORIZON SENSING  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the aid of a DOE grant (No. DE-FC26-01NT41050), Stolar Research Corporation (Stolar) developed the Horizon Sensor (HS) to distinguish between the different layers of a coal seam. Mounted on mining machine cutter drums, HS units can detect or sense the horizon between the coal seam and the roof and floor rock, providing the opportunity to accurately mine the section of the seam most desired. HS also enables accurate cutting of minimum height if that is the operator's objective. Often when cutting is done out-of-seam, the head-positioning function facilitates a fixed mining height to minimize dilution. With this technology, miners can still be at a remote location, yet cut only the clean coal, resulting in a much more efficient overall process. The objectives of this project were to demonstrate the feasibility of horizon sensing on mining machines and demonstrate that Horizon Sensing can allow coal to be cut cleaner and more efficiently. Stolar's primary goal was to develop the Horizon Sensor (HS) into an enabling technology for full or partial automation or ''agile mining''. This technical innovation (R&D 100 Award Winner) is quickly demonstrating improvements in productivity and miner safety at several prominent coal mines in the United States. In addition, the HS system can enable the cutting of cleaner coal. Stolar has driven the HS program on the philosophy that cutting cleaner coal means burning cleaner coal. The sensor, located inches from the cutting bits, is based upon the physics principles of a Resonant Microstrip Patch Antenna (RMPA). When it is in proximity of the rock-coal interface, the RMPA impedance varies depending on the thickness of uncut coal. The impedance is measured by the computer-controlled electronics and then sent by radio waves to the mining machine. The worker at the machine can read the data via a Graphical User Interface, displaying a color-coded image of the coal being cut, and direct the machine appropriately. The Horizon Sensor program began development in 1998 and experienced three major design phases. The final version, termed HS-3, was commissioned in 2000 with the assistance of the DOE-Mining Industry of the Future program, commercialized in 2002, and has been used 14 times in 12 different mines within the United States. The Horizon Sensor has applications in both underground and surface mining operations. This technology is primarily used in the coal industry, but is also used to mine trona and potash. All horizon sensor components have Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) (United States) and IEC (International) certification. Horizon Sensing saves energy by maximizing cutting efficiency, cutting only desired material. This desired material is cleaner fuel, therefore reducing pollutants to the atmosphere when burned and burning more efficiently. Extracting only desired material increases productivity by reducing or eliminating the cleaning step after extraction. Additionally, this technology allows for deeper mining, resulting in more material gained from one location. The remote sensing tool allows workers to operate the machinery away from the hazards of cutting coal, including noise, breathing dust and gases, and coal and rock splintering and outbursts. The HS program has primarily revolved around the development of the technology. However, the end goal of the program has always been the commercialization of the technology and only within the last 2 years of the program has this goal been realized. Real-time horizon sensing on mining machines is becoming an industry tool. Detailed monitoring of system function, user experience, and mining benefits is ongoing.

Larry G. Stolarczyk

2003-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

10

HORIZON SENSING  

SciTech Connect

Project Objectives are to demonstrate the feasibility of real-time stress measurement, bit loading, and horizon sensing on a longwall shearer, boring machine, continuous miner, and loading bucket.

Larry G. Stolarczyk, Sc.D.

2001-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

11

HORIZON SENSING  

SciTech Connect

Real-time horizon sensing (HS) on continuous mining (CM) machines is becoming an industry tool. Installation and testing of production-grade HS systems has been ongoing this quarter at Oxbow Mining Company, Monterey Coal Company (EXXON), FMC Trona, Twentymile Coal Company (RAG America), and SASOL Coal. Detailed monitoring of system function, user experience, and mining benefits is ongoing. All horizon sensor components have finished MSHA (United States) and IEC (International) certification.

Larry G. Stolarczyk, Sc.D.

2002-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

12

A Fisher-Rao Metric for Paracatadioptric Images of Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a central paracatadioptric imaging system a perspective camera takes an image of a scene reflected in a paraboloidal mirror. A 360° field of view is obtained, but the image is severely distorted. In particular, straight lines in the scene project ... Keywords: Central projection, Fisher-Rao metric, Hough transform, Line detection, Paraboloidal mirror, Paracatadioptric system, Sobel operator, Trace transform

Stephen J. Maybank; Siohoi Ieng; Ryad Benosman

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Imaging vector fields using Line Integral Convolution  

SciTech Connect

Imaging vector fields has applications in science, art, image processing and special effects. An effective new approach is to use linear and curvilinear filtering techniques to locally blur textures along a vector field. This approach builds on several previous texture generation and filtering techniques. It is, however, unique because it is local, one-dimensional and independent of any predefined geometry or texture. The technique is general and capable of imaging arbitrary two- and three-dimensional vector fields. The local one-dimensional nature of the algorithm lends itself to highly parallel and efficient implementations. Furthermore, the curvilinear filter is capable of rendering detail on very intricate vector fields. Combining this technique with other rendering and image processing techniques -- like periodic motion filtering -- results in richly informative and striking images. The technique can also produce novel special effects.

Cabral, B.; Leedom, L.C.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Expanding Professional Horizons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

* * Expanding Professional Horizons 2 SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORIES 3 LDRD * Expanding Professional Horizons 3 LDRD * Expanding Professional Horizons 4 SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORIES 5 LDRD * Expanding Professional Horizons Contents Overview 6 Early-Career 8 Mid-Career 22 Late-Career 36 Expanding Professional Horizons For further information, contact: Henry R. Westrich LDRD Program Manager hrwestr@sandia.gov 505-844-9092 4 5 LDRD * Expanding Professional Horizons SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORIES 6 SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORIES 7 LDRD * Expanding Professional Horizons exemplars pointing the way to successful research endeavors under the LDRD rubric. Perhaps most importantly, LDRD is a mechanism that has created a vast number of cross-cultural partnerships across the

15

The Imaging and Medical Beam Line at the Australian Synchrotron  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a result of the enthusiastic support from the Australian biomedical, medical and clinical communities, the Australian Synchrotron is constructing a world-class facility for medical research, the 'Imaging and Medical Beamline'. The IMBL began phased commissioning in late 2008 and is scheduled to commence the first clinical research programs with patients in 2011. It will provide unrivalled x-ray facilities for imaging and radiotherapy for a wide range of research applications in diseases, treatments and understanding of physiological processes. The main clinical research drivers are currently high resolution and sensitivity cardiac and breast imaging, cell tracking applied to regenerative and stem cell medicine and cancer therapies. The beam line has a maximum source to sample distance of 136 m and will deliver a 60 cm by 4 cm x-ray beam1 - monochromatic and white - to a three storey satellite building fully equipped for pre-clinical and clinical research. Currently operating with a 1.4 Tesla multi-pole wiggler, it will upgrade to a 4.2 Tesla device which requires the ability to handle up to 21 kW of x-ray power at any point along the beam line. The applications envisaged for this facility include imaging thick objects encompassing materials, humans and animals. Imaging can be performed in the range 15-150 keV. Radiotherapy research typically requires energies between 30 and 120 keV, for both monochromatic and broad beam.

Hausermann, Daniel; Hall, Chris; Maksimenko, Anton; Campbell, Colin [Australian Synchrotron Company, 800 Blackburn Road, Clayton, Victoria 3168 (Australia)

2010-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

16

Expanding Professional Horizons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Horizons collaboration put him in contact with an environmental study - using atomic force microscopy - examining limestone (calcium carbonate) dissolution and its...

17

Microscopic Properties of Horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We suggest that all horizons of spacetime, no matter whether they are black hole, Rindler or de Sitter horizons, have certain microscopic properties in common. We propose that these propertues may be used as the starting points, or postulates, of a microscopic theory of gravity.

Jarmo Makela

2001-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

18

Thin-Line Detection in Meteorological Radar images Using Wavelet Transforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The enhancement of thin-line features in meteorological radar reflectivity images is addressed using a wavelet-based analysis. Thin-line features in reflectivity correspond to surface wind convergence lines that can potentially lead to the ...

Carl Hagelberg; Jason Helland

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Expanding Your Horizons scheduled for March 2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Expanding Your Horizons Expanding Your Horizons Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:Dec. 2013 - Jan. 2014 All Issues » submit Expanding Your Horizons scheduled for March 2 The conference offers fifth- to 12th-grade girls opportunities to participate in hands-on workshops about science, technology, engineering, math and related fields. February 1, 2013 dummy image Read our archives. Contacts Editor Linda Anderman Email Community Programs Office Kurt Steinhaus Email Up to 250 young women are expected to participate in the workshops that will include subjects such as computers and robots, veterinary medicine, cryptography and ocean science. This year the Santa Fe and Los Alamos Expanding Your Horizons (EYH) conferences are combined into one, all-day session to be held on March 2 at

20

Overview of the New Horizons Science Payload  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Horizons mission was launched on 2006 January 19, and the spacecraft is heading for a flyby encounter with the Pluto system in the summer of 2015. The challenges associated with sending a spacecraft to Pluto in less than 10 years and performing an ambitious suite of scientific investigations at such large heliocentric distances (> 32 AU) are formidable and required the development of lightweight, low power, and highly sensitive instruments. This paper provides an overview of the New Horizons science payload, which is comprised of seven instruments. Alice provides spatially resolved ultraviolet spectroscopy. The Ralph instrument has two components: the Multicolor Visible Imaging Camera (MVIC), which performs panchromatic and color imaging, and the Linear Etalon Imaging Spectral Array (LEISA), which provides near-infrared spectroscopic mapping capabilities. The Radio Experiment (REX) is a component of the New Horizons telecommunications system that provides both occultation and radiometry capabilities. ...

Weaver, H A; Tapley, M B; Young, L A; Stern, S A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Thermodynamical Properties of Horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show, by using Regge calculus, that the entropy of any finite part of a Rindler horizon is, in the semi-classical limit, one quarter of the area of that part. We argue that this result implies that the entropy associated with any horizon of spacetime is, in semi-classical limit, one quarter of its area. As an example, we derive the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy law for the Schwarzschild black hole.

J. Makela; A. Peltola

2002-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

22

Acoustic measurement of the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well flow rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On May 31, 2010, a direct acoustic measurement method was used to quantify fluid leakage rate from the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well prior to removal of its broken riser. This method utilized an acoustic imaging sonar and ...

Camilli, Richard

23

Overview of the New Horizons Science Payload  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Horizons mission was launched on 2006 January 19, and the spacecraft is heading for a flyby encounter with the Pluto system in the summer of 2015. The challenges associated with sending a spacecraft to Pluto in less than 10 years and performing an ambitious suite of scientific investigations at such large heliocentric distances (> 32 AU) are formidable and required the development of lightweight, low power, and highly sensitive instruments. This paper provides an overview of the New Horizons science payload, which is comprised of seven instruments. Alice provides spatially resolved ultraviolet spectroscopy. The Ralph instrument has two components: the Multicolor Visible Imaging Camera (MVIC), which performs panchromatic and color imaging, and the Linear Etalon Imaging Spectral Array (LEISA), which provides near-infrared spectroscopic mapping capabilities. The Radio Experiment (REX) is a component of the New Horizons telecommunications system that provides both occultation and radiometry capabilities. The Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) provides high sensitivity, high spatial resolution optical imaging capabilities. The Solar Wind at Pluto (SWAP) instrument measures the density and speed of solar wind particles. The Pluto Energetic Particle Spectrometer Science Investigation (PEPSSI) measures energetic protons and CNO ions. The Venetia Burney Student Dust Counter (VB-SDC) is used to record dust particle impacts during the cruise phases of the mission.

H. A. Weaver; W. C. Gibson; M. B. Tapley; L. A. Young; S. A. Stern

2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

24

The New Horizons Spacecraft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Horizons spacecraft was launched on 19 January 2006. The spacecraft was designed to provide a platform for seven instruments that will collect and return data from Pluto in 2015. The design drew on heritage from previous missions developed at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) and other missions such as Ulysses. The trajectory design imposed constraints on mass and structural strength to meet the high launch acceleration needed to reach the Pluto system prior to the year 2020. The spacecraft subsystems were designed to meet tight mass and power allocations, yet provide the necessary control and data handling finesse to support data collection and return when the one-way light time during the Pluto flyby is 4.5 hours. Missions to the outer solar system require a radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) to supply electrical power, and a single RTG is used by New Horizons. To accommodate this constraint, the spacecraft electronics were designed to operate on less than 200 W....

Fountain, Glen H; Hersman, Christopher B; Herder, Timothy S; Coughlin, Thomas B; Gibson, William C; Clancy, Deborah A; DeBoy, Christopher C; Hill, T Adrian; Kinnison, James D; Mehoke, Douglas S; Ottman, Geffrey K; Rogers, Gabe D; Stern, S Alan; Stratton, James M; Vernon, Steven R; Williams, Stephen P

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

The New Horizons Spacecraft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Horizons spacecraft was launched on 19 January 2006. The spacecraft was designed to provide a platform for seven instruments that will collect and return data from Pluto in 2015. The design drew on heritage from previous missions developed at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) and other missions such as Ulysses. The trajectory design imposed constraints on mass and structural strength to meet the high launch acceleration needed to reach the Pluto system prior to the year 2020. The spacecraft subsystems were designed to meet tight mass and power allocations, yet provide the necessary control and data handling finesse to support data collection and return when the one-way light time during the Pluto flyby is 4.5 hours. Missions to the outer solar system require a radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) to supply electrical power, and a single RTG is used by New Horizons. To accommodate this constraint, the spacecraft electronics were designed to operate on less than 200 W. The spacecraft system architecture provides sufficient redundancy to provide a probability of mission success of greater than 0.85, even with a mission duration of over 10 years. The spacecraft is now on its way to Pluto, with an arrival date of 14 July 2015. Initial inflight tests have verified that the spacecraft will meet the design requirements.

Glen H. Fountain; David Y. Kusnierkiewicz; Christopher B. Hersman; Timothy S. Herder; Thomas B. Coughlin; William C. Gibson; Deborah A. Clancy; Christopher C. DeBoy; T. Adrian Hill; James D. Kinnison; Douglas S. Mehoke; Geffrey K. Ottman; Gabe D. Rogers; S. Alan Stern; James M. Stratton; Steven R. Vernon; Stephen P. Williams

2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

26

HORIZON SENSING (PROPOSAL NO.51)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-time horizon sensing on continuous mining machines is becoming an industry tool. Installation and testing of production-grade Horizon Sensor (HS) systems continued this quarter at Monterey Coal Company (ExxonMobil), Mountain Coal Company West Elk Mine (Arch), and Ohio Valley Coal Company (OVC). Monitoring of system function, user experience, and mining benefits is ongoing. All horizon sensor components have finished MSHA (U.S.) and IEC (International) certification.

Larry G. Stolarczyk

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

HORIZON SENSING (PROPOSAL NO.51)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-time horizon sensing on continuous mining (CM) machines is becoming an industry tool. Installation and testing of production-grade Horizon Sensor (HS) systems has been ongoing this quarter at Monterey Coal Company (ExxonMobil), Mountain Coal Company West Elk Mine (Arch), Deserado Mining Company (Blue Mountain Energy), and The Ohio Valley Coal Company (TOVCC). Monitoring of system function, user experience, and mining benefits is ongoing. All horizon sensor components have finished MSHA (U.S.) and IEC (International) certification.

Larry G. Stolarczyk

2003-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

28

Nanometric Optical Imaging Frontiers in Chemical Imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanometric Optical Imaging Frontiers in Chemical Imaging Seminar Series Presented by... Professor thermal imaging, chemical delivery and other new horizons. Finally, as part of this lecture, Lewis

29

MHK Technologies/Horizon Horizontal Platform | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Horizontal Platform Horizontal Platform < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Horizon Horizontal Platform.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Elgen Wave Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Point Absorber - Floating Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description Horizon is an array of specialized point absorbers contained in an ultra stable floating platform The unique design of the platform causes it to be entirely unaffected by waves and swells allowing it to remain almost perfectly motionless Horizon converts energy on both the up and down strokes of the floats This oscillating bi directional motion is converted to a rotating mono directional motion by horizon s unique linear drive converters The output drive shaft is connected to a generator which in turn is connected to a transmission line laid on the ocean floor running to the utility grid on land

30

Black Hole Horizons and Black Hole Thermodynamics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work investigates how black holes can be described in terms of different definitions of horizons. Global definitions in terms of event horizons and Killing… (more)

Nielsen, Alex

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Acoustic horizons in nuclear fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a hydrodynamic description of the spherically symmetric outward flow of nuclear matter, accommodating dispersion in it as a very weak effect. About the resulting stationary conditions in the flow, we apply an Eulerian scheme to derive a fully nonlinear equation of a time-dependent radial perturbation. In its linearized limit, with no dispersion, this equation implies the static acoustic horizon of an analogue gravity model. We, however, show that time-dependent nonlinear effects destabilize the static horizon. We also model the perturbation as a high-frequency travelling wave, and perform a {\\it WKB} analysis, in which the effect of weak dispersion is studied iteratively. We show that even arbitrarily small values of dispersion make the horizon fully opaque to any acoustic disturbance propagating against the bulk flow, with the amplitude and the energy flux of the radial perturbation undergoing a discontinuity at the horizon, and decaying exponentially just outside it.

Niladri Sarkar; Abhik Basu; Jayanta K. Bhattacharjee; Arnab K. Ray

2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

32

HORIZON SENSING (PROPOSAL No.51)  

SciTech Connect

Project objectives are to demonstrate the feasibility of real-time stress measurement, bit loading, and horizon sensing on a longwall shearer, boring machine, continuous miner, and loading bucket.

Larry G. Stolarczyk, Sc.D.

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

HORIZON SENSING (PROPOSAL No.51)  

SciTech Connect

Real-time horizon sensing on continuous mining machines is becoming an industry tool. Installation and testing of production-grade HS systems has been ongoing this quarter at Monterey Coal Company (EXXON), FMC Trona, Twentymile Coal Company (RAG America), and SASOL Coal. Detailed monitoring of system function, user experience, and mining benefits is ongoing. All horizon sensor components have finished MSHA (U.S.) and IEC (International) certification.

Larry G. Stolarczyk, Sc.D.

2002-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

34

A semi-automatic method for extracting thin line structures in images as rooted tree network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of semi-automatic extraction of line networks in digital images - e.g., road or hydrographic networks in satellite images, blood vessels in medical images, robust. For that purpose, we improve a generic method derived from morphological and hydrological concepts and consisting in minimum cost path estimation and flow simulation. While this approach fully exploits the local contrast and shape of the network, as well as its arborescent nature, we further incorporate local directional information about the structures in the image. Namely, an appropriate anisotropic metric is designed by using both the characteristic features of the target network and the eigen-decomposition of the gradient structure tensor of the image. Following, the geodesic propagation from a given seed with this metric is combined with hydrological operators for overland flow simulation to extract the line network. The algorithm is demonstrated for the extraction of blood vessels in a retina image and of a river network in a satellite image.

Brazzini, Jacopo [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dillard, Scott [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Soille, Pierre [EC - JRC

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Evolution of the horizons for dark energy universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent observational evidences of accelerating phase of the universe strongly demand that the dominating matter in the universe is in the form of dark energy. In this work, we study the evolution of the apparent and event horizons for various dark energy models and examine their behavior across phantom barrier line.

Ritabrata Biswas; Nairwita Mazumder; Subenoy Chakraborty

2011-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

36

Horizon Wind Energy formerly Zilkha Renewable Energy | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Horizon Wind Energy formerly Zilkha Renewable Energy Horizon Wind Energy formerly Zilkha Renewable Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name Horizon Wind Energy (formerly Zilkha Renewable Energy) Place Houston, Texas Zip 77002 Sector Wind energy Product Windfarm project developer involved from site sourcing to construction and commissioning of wind farms. Coordinates 29.76045°, -95.369784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

37

EaglePicher Horizon Batteries LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EaglePicher Horizon Batteries LLC EaglePicher Horizon Batteries LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name EaglePicher Horizon Batteries, LLC Place Dearborn, Michigan Zip MI 48126 Product Joint Venture developing, manufacturing and distributing a breakthrough, high performance sealed lead-acid battery. Coordinates 39.520064°, -94.770486° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.520064,"lon":-94.770486,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

38

Microsoft Word - Horizon Wind Energy Comments.docx | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Horizon Wind Energy Comments.docx Microsoft Word - Horizon Wind Energy Comments.docx Microsoft Word - Horizon Wind Energy Comments.docx More Documents & Publications Before the...

39

Microsoft Word - Horizon Wind Energy Comments.docx | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Word - Horizon Wind Energy Comments.docx Microsoft Word - Horizon Wind Energy Comments.docx Microsoft Word - Horizon Wind Energy Comments.docx More Documents & Publications Before...

40

Spacetime Foam Model of the Schwarzschild Horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a spacetime foam model of the Schwarzschild horizon, where the horizon consists of Planck size black holes. According to our model the entropy of the Schwarzschild black hole is proportional to the area of its event horizon. It is possible to express geometrical arguments to the effect that the constant of proportionality is, in natural units, equal to one quarter.

Mäkelä, J M; Makela, Jarmo; Peltola, Ari

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Spacetime Foam Model of the Schwarzschild Horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a spacetime foam model of the Schwarzschild horizon, where the horizon consists of Planck size black holes. According to our model the entropy of the Schwarzschild black hole is proportional to the area of its event horizon. It is possible to express geometrical arguments to the effect that the constant of proportionality is, in natural units, equal to one quarter.

Jarmo Makela; Ari Peltola

2003-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

42

Horizons cannot save the Landscape  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solutions with anti-D3 branes in a Klebanov-Strassler geometry with positive charge dissolved in fluxes have a certain singularity corresponding to a diverging energy density of the RR and NS-NS three-form fluxes. There are many hopes and arguments for and against this singularity, and we attempt to settle the issue by examining whether this singularity can be cloaked by a regular event horizon. This is equivalent to the existence of asymptotically Klebanov-Tseytlin or Klebanov-Strassler black holes whose charge measured at the horizon has the opposite sign to the asymptotic charge. We find that no such KT solution exists. Furthermore, for a large class of KS black holes we considered, the charge at the horizon must also have the same sign as the asymptotic charge, and is completely determined by the temperature, the number of fractional branes and the gaugino masses of the dual gauge theory. Our result suggests that antibrane singularities in backgrounds with charge in the fluxes are unphysical, which in turn raises the question as to whether antibranes can be used to uplift AdS vacua to deSitter ones. Our results also point out to a possible instability mechanism for the antibranes.

Iosif Bena; Alex Buchel; Oscar J. C. Dias

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

43

Holography at an Extremal De Sitter Horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rotating maximal black holes in four-dimensional de Sitter space, for which the outer event horizon coincides with the cosmological horizon, have an infinite near-horizon region described by the rotating Nariai metric. We show that the asymptotic symmetry group at the spacelike future boundary of the near-horizon region contains a Virasoro algebra with a real, positive central charge. This is evidence that quantum gravity in a rotating Nariai background is dual to a two-dimensional Euclidean conformal field theory. These results are related to the Kerr/CFT correspondence for extremal black holes, but have two key differences: one of the black hole event horizons has been traded for the cosmological horizon, and the near-horizon geometry is a fiber over dS_2 rather than AdS_2.

Dionysios Anninos; Thomas Hartman

2009-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

44

Holography at an Extremal De Sitter Horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rotating maximal black holes in four-dimensional de Sitter space, for which the outer event horizon coincides with the cosmological horizon, have an infinite near-horizon region described by the rotating Nariai metric. We show that the asymptotic symmetry group at the spacelike future boundary of the near-horizon region contains a Virasoro algebra with a real, positive central charge. This is evidence that quantum gravity in a rotating Nariai background is dual to a two-dimensional Euclidean conformal field theory. These results are related to the Kerr/CFT correspondence for extremal black holes, but have two key differences: one of the black hole event horizons has been traded for the cosmological horizon, and the near-horizon geometry is a fiber over dS_2 rather than AdS_2.

Anninos, Dionysios

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Enhanced Black Hole Horizon Fluctuations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the possible role of quantum horizon fluctuations on black hole radiance, especially whether they can invalidate Hawking's analysis based upon transplanckian modes. We are particularly concerned with ``enhanced'' fluctuations produced by gravitons or matter fields in squeezed vacuum states sent into the black hole after the collapse process. This allows for the possibility of increasing the fluctuations well above the vacuum level. We find that these enhanced fluctuations could significantly alter stimulated emission but have little effect upon the spontaneous emission. Thus the thermal character of the Hawking radiation is remarkably robust.

R. T. Thompson; L. H. Ford

2008-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

46

A line-imaging velocity interferometer technique for shock diagnostics without x-ray preheat limitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study was conducted with a line-imaging velocity interferometer on sandwich targets at the Shen Guang-III prototype laser facility in China, with the goal of eliminating the preheat effect. A sandwich target structure was used to reduce the x-ray preheat limitation (radiation temperature {approx}170 eV) in a radiative drive shock experiment. With a thick ablator, the preheat effect appeared before the shock arrived at the window. After adding a shield layer of high-Z material on the ablator, x-rays which penetrated the ablator were so weak that the blank-out effect could not be measured. This experiment indicates that the sandwich target may provide a valuable technique in experiments such as equation of state and shock timing for inertial confinement fusion studies.

Wang Feng; Peng Xiaoshi; Liu Shenye; Xu Tao; Mei Lusheng; Jiang Xiaohua; Ding Yongkun [Research Center of Laser Fusion, CAEP, P.O. Box 919-986, Mianyang 621900 (China)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

47

Particle Physics at Discovery's Horizon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

uslhc.us uslhc.us Particle Physics at Discovery's Horizon September 2012 Discoveries from the Compact Muon Solenoid experiment at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland, promise to rev- olutionize our understanding of the universe. With more than 1000 participants from 49 institutions across the country, US CMS is the largest national group in the 3,600-member international CMS collaboration. Supported by the US Department of Energy's Office of Science and the National Science Foundation, the US CMS collaboration consists of more than 430 physicists, nearly 200 graduate students and more than 300 engineers, tech- nicians and computer scientists. The US CMS collaboration plays a vital role in the operation of the CMS detector and analysis of data from LHC collisions. US groups

48

Horizon Batteries formerly Electrosource | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Batteries formerly Electrosource Batteries formerly Electrosource Jump to: navigation, search Name Horizon Batteries (formerly Electrosource) Place Texas Sector Vehicles Product Manufacturer of high-power, light-weight batteries for use in electric and hybrid-electric vehicles, engine-starting and telecommunication stand-by power applications. References Horizon Batteries (formerly Electrosource)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Horizon Batteries (formerly Electrosource) is a company located in Texas . References ↑ "Horizon Batteries (formerly Electrosource)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Horizon_Batteries_formerly_Electrosource&oldid=346600

49

The Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) Instrument Aboard New Horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) instrument on New Horizons will measure the interaction between the solar wind and ions created by atmospheric loss from Pluto. These measurements provide a characterization of the total loss rate and allow us to examine the complex plasma interactions at Pluto for the first time. Constrained to fit within minimal resources, SWAP is optimized to make plasma-ion measurements at all rotation angles as the New Horizons spacecraft scans to image Pluto and Charon during the flyby. In order to meet these unique requirements, we combined a cylindrically symmetric retarding potential analyzer (RPA) with small deflectors, a top-hat analyzer, and a redundant/coincidence detection scheme. This configuration allows for highly sensitive measurements and a controllable energy passband at all scan angles of the spacecraft.

D. McComas; F. Allegrini; F. Bagenal; P. Casey; P. Delamere; D. Demkee; G. Dunn; H. Elliott; J. Hanley; K. Johnson; J. Langle; G. Miller; S. Pope; M. Reno; B. Rodriguez; N. Schwadron; P. Valek; S. Weidner

2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

50

The Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) Instrument Aboard New Horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) instrument on New Horizons will measure the interaction between the solar wind and ions created by atmospheric loss from Pluto. These measurements provide a characterization of the total loss rate and allow us to examine the complex plasma interactions at Pluto for the first time. Constrained to fit within minimal resources, SWAP is optimized to make plasma-ion measurements at all rotation angles as the New Horizons spacecraft scans to image Pluto and Charon during the flyby. In order to meet these unique requirements, we combined a cylindrically symmetric retarding potential analyzer (RPA) with small deflectors, a top-hat analyzer, and a redundant/coincidence detection scheme. This configuration allows for highly sensitive measurements and a controllable energy passband at all scan angles of the spacecraft.

McComas, D; Bagenal, F; Casey, P; Delamere, P; Demkee, D; Dunn, G; Elliott, H; Hanley, J; Johnson, K; Langle, J; Miller, G; Pope, S; Reno, M; Rodríguez, B; Schwadron, N; Valek, P; Weidner, S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Line-imaging velocimeter for shock diagnostics at the OMEGA laser facility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A line-imaging velocity interferometer has been implemented at the OMEGA laser facility of the Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester. This instrument is the primary diagnostic for a variety of experiments involving laser-driven shock-wave propagation, including high-pressure equation of state experiments, materials characterization experiments, shock characterization for Rayleigh-Taylor experiments, and shock timing experiments for inertial confinement fusion research. Using a laser probe beam to illuminate a target, the instrument measures shock breakout times at temporal resolutions as low as 20 ps, and spatial resolution {approx}4 {mu}m. For velocity measurements the detection limit is <0.1 km/s, and velocities of interfaces, free surfaces, and shock fronts traveling through transparent media can be measured with accuracies {approx}1% over the range from 4 km/s to greater than 50 km/s. Quantitative measurements of the optical reflectance of ionizing shock fronts can also be obtained simultaneously with the velocity measurements.

Celliers, P.M.; Bradley, D.K.; Collins, G.W.; Hicks, D.G.; Boehly, T.R.; Armstrong, W.J. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States)

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Line-Based Object Recognition using Hausdorff Distance: From Range Images to Molecular Secondary Structure  

SciTech Connect

Object recognition algorithms are fundamental tools in automatic matching of geometric shapes within a background scene. Many approaches have been proposed in the past to solve the object recognition problem. Two of the key aspects that distinguish them in terms of their practical usability are: (i) the type of input model description and (ii) the comparison criteria used. In this paper we introduce a novel scheme for 3D object recognition based on line segment representation of the input shapes and comparison using the Hausdor distance. This choice of model representation provides the flexibility to apply the scheme in different application areas. We define several variants of the Hausdor distance to compare the models within the framework of well defined metric spaces. We present a matching algorithm that efficiently finds a pattern in a 3D scene. The algorithm approximates a minimization procedure of the Hausdor distance. The output error due to the approximation is guaranteed to be within a known constant bound. Practical results are presented for two classes of objects: (i) polyhedral shapes extracted from segmented range images and (ii) secondary structures of large molecules. In both cases the use of our approximate algorithm allows to match correctly the pattern in the background while achieving the efficiency necessary for practical use of the scheme. In particular the performance is improved substantially with minor degradation of the quality of the matching.

Guerra, C; Pascucci, V

2004-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

53

Expanding Your Horizons Conference, Lawrence Livermore National...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lawrence Livermore National Lab Expanding Your Horizons Conference, Lawrence Livermore National Lab August 1, 2013 2:45PM EDT to August 31, 2013 3:45PM EDT University of the...

54

3D primitive reconstruction using the line segment with single image  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a 3-D reconstruction method IBM(image based modeling) of an image that does not contain any camera information. This system adopts a 3D reconstruction method based on a model. Model-based 3D reconstruction recovers an image using ...

Sung-Dong Cho; Seung-Taek Ryoo; Tai-Ho Choi; Kyung-Hyun Yoon

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Solution and Forecast Horizons for Infinite-Horizon Nonhomogeneous Markov Decision Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a nonhomogeneous infinite-horizon Markov Decision Process (MDP) problem with multiple optimal first-period policies. We seek an algorithm that, given finite data, delivers an optimal first-period policy. Such an algorithm can thus ... Keywords: monotone policy, planning horizon, well-posed problem

Torpong Cheevaprawatdomrong; Irwin E. Schochetman; Robert L. Smith; Alfredo Garcia

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Data from Deepwater Horizon | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Data from Deepwater Horizon Data from Deepwater Horizon Data from Deepwater Horizon "Transparency is not only in the public interest, it is part of the scientific process. We want to make sure that independent scientists, engineers and other experts have every opportunity to review this information and make their own conclusions." -Secretary Chu As part of the Obama Administration's ongoing commitment to transparency surrounding the response to the BP oil spill, the Department of Energy is providing online access to schematics, pressure tests, diagnostic results and other data about the malfunctioning blowout preventer. Secretary Chu insisted on making the data widely available to ensure the public is as informed as possible, and to ensure that outside experts making recommendations have access to the same information that BP and the

57

Optical alignment techniques for line-imaging velocity interferometry and line-imaging self-emission of targets at the National Ignition Facility (NIF)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Ignition Facility (NIF) requires optical diagnostics for measuring shock velocities in shock physics experiments. The nature of the NIF facility requires the alignment of complex three-dimensional optical systems of very long distances. Access to the alignment mechanisms can be limited, and any alignment system must be operator friendly. The Velocity Interferometer System for Any Reflector (VISAR) measures shock velocities, shock breakout times, and emission of 1- to 5-mm targets at a location remote to the NIF target chamber. Three optical systems using the same vacuum chamber port each have a total track of 21 m. All optical lenses are on kinematic mounts or sliding rails, enabling pointing accuracy of the optical axis to be checked. Counter-propagating laser beams (orange and red) align these diagnostics to a listing of tolerances. Movable aperture cards, placed before and after lens groups, show the spread of alignment spots created by the orange and red alignment lasers. Optical elements include 1-in. to 15-in. diameter mirrors, lenses with up to 10.5-in. diameters, beamsplitters, etalons, dove prisms, filters, and pellicles. Alignment of more than 75 optical elements must be verified before each target shot. Archived images from eight alignment cameras prove proper alignment before each shot.

Malone, Robert; Celeste, John; Celliers, Peter; Frogget, Brent; Robert Guyton,,; Kaufman, Morris; Lee, Tony; MacGowan, Brian; Ng, Edmend; Reinbachs, Imants; Robinson, Ronald; Tunnell, Thomas; Watts, Phillip

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Optical Alignment Techniques for Line-Imaging Velocity Interferometry and Line-Imaging Self-Emission of Targets at the National Ignition Facility (NIF)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Ignition Facility (NIF) requires optical diagnostics for measuring shock velocities in shock physics experiments. The nature of the NIF facility requires the alignment of complex three-dimensional optical systems of very long distances. Access to the alignment mechanisms can be limited, and any alignment system must be operator friendly. The Velocity Interferometer System for Any Reflector measures shock velocities, shock breakout times, and emission of 1- to 5-mm targets at a location remote to the NIF target chamber. Three optical systems using the same vacuum chamber port each have a total track of 21 meters. All optical lenses are on kinematic mounts or sliding rails, enabling pointing accuracy of the optical axis to be checked. Counter-propagating laser beams (orange and red) align these diagnostics to a listing of tolerances. Movable aperture cards, placed before and after lens groups, show the spread of alignment spots created by the orange and red alignment lasers. Optical elements include 1-in. to 15-in. diameter mirrors, lenses with up to 10.5-in. diameters, beamsplitters, etalons, dove prisms, filters, and pellicles. Alignment of more than 75 optical elements must be verified before each target shot. Archived images from eight alignment cameras prove proper alignment before each shot.

Malone, R M; Celeste, J R; Celliers, P M; Frogget, B .; Guyton, R L; Kaufman, M I; Lee, T L; MacGowan, B J; Ng, E W; Reinbachs, I P; Robinson, R B; Tunnell, T W; Watts, P W

2007-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

59

On-line Access to Weather Satellite Imagery and Image Manipulation Software  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer and Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite imagery, received by antennas located at the University of Colorado, are made available to the Internet users through an on-line data access system. ...

W. Emery; T. Kelley; J. Dozier; P. Rotar

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

A PILOT IMAGING LINE SURVEY OF RW LMi AND IK Tau USING THE EXPANDED VERY LARGE ARRAY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on a pilot imaging line survey (36.0-37.0 GHz, with {approx}1 km s{sup -1} spectral channels) with the Expanded Very Large Array for two asymptotic giant branch stars, RW LMi (= CIT6, which has a carbon-rich circumstellar envelope, CSE) and IK Tau (=NML Tau, with an oxygen-rich CSE). Radio continuum emission consistent with photospheric emission was detected from both stars. From RW LMi we imaged the HC{sub 3}N (J = 4{yields}3) emission. The images show several partial rings of emission; these multiple shells trace the evolution of the CSE from 400 to 1200 years. SiS (J = 2{yields}1) emission was detected from both RW LMi and IK Tau. For both stars the SiS emission is centrally condensed with the peak line emission coincident with the stellar radio continuum emission. In addition, we have detected weak HC{sub 7}N (J = 32{yields}31) emission from RW LMi.

Claussen, M. J.; Sjouwerman, L. O.; Rupen, M. P. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); Olofsson, H.; Schoeier, F. L.; Bergman, P. [Onsala Space Observatory, Department of Radio and Space Science, Chalmers University of Technology, 43992 Onsala (Sweden); Knapp, G. R. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Microsoft Word - Horizon Wind Energy Comments.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of 2009. 74 Fed. Reg. 9391-9393 (Mar. 4, 2009). Dear Sir or Madam: On behalf of Horizon Wind Energy LLC ("Horizon"), I am pleased to submit comments on Western Area Power...

62

Horizon Properties of Einstein-Yang-Mills Black Hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider static axially symmetric Einstein-Yang-Mills black holes in the isolated horizon formalism. The mass of these hairy black holes is related to the mass of the corresponding particle-like solutions by the horizon mass. The hairy black holes violate the ``quasi-local uniqueness conjecture'', based on the horizon charges.

B. Kleihaus; J. Kunz; A. Sood; M. Wirschins

2001-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

63

UFO: A Scalable GPU-based Image Processing Framework for On-line Monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current synchrotron experiments require state-of-the-art scientific cameras with sensors that provide several million pixels, each at a dynamic range of up to 16 bits and the ability to acquire hundreds of frames per second. The resulting data bandwidth ... Keywords: Software libraries, Image processing software, Parallel programming

Matthias Vogelgesang; Suren Chilingaryan; Tomy dos_Santos Rolo; Andreas Kopmann

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Installation and Initial Operation of an On-line Target Imaging System for SNS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

After several years of operation, the SNS now enters an era of megawatt class operation. At this intensity level, the target will be operating closer to its engineering limits and the beam profile on target must be carefully controlled. During commissioning and early operations, a temporary imaging system was used to measure the proton density on target. This system was not designed to survive the increasing power levels and it had to be removed in the second half of 2006. Since then, no direct measurement of beam properties at the target has been available. A collaboration was forged to remedy this situation, and has resulted in a new imaging system consisting of three major components: a thermal-sprayed luminescent coating deposited on the target nose, a radiation-tolerant optical system installed upstream of the target, and an image acquisition system integrated with the accelerator controls network. The design, installation, and integration of these components will be described. Initial beam measurements and image analysis results will be presented. Lessons learned during this initial operating experience have been documented and will guide the collaboration s future plans.

McManamy, Thomas J [ORNL; Banke, Glenn [Stony Brook University (SUNY); Blokland, Willem [ORNL; Brunson, Aly [ORNL; Dayton, Michael J [ORNL; Goetz, Kathleen C [ORNL; Janney, Jim G [ORNL; Lance, Michael J [ORNL; Maxey, L Curt [ORNL; Montgomery, Fred C [ORNL; Rosenblad, Peter M [ORNL; Sampath, Sanjay [Stony Brook University (SUNY); Simpson, Marc Livingstone [ORNL; Shea, Thomas J [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Dynamic Boundaries of Event Horizon Magnetospheres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Letter analyzes 3-dimensional simulations of Kerr black hole magnetospheres that obey the general relativistic equations of perfect magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). Particular emphasis is on the event horizon magnetosphere (EHM) which is defined as the the large scale poloidal magnetic flux that threads the event horizon of a black hole (This is distinct from the poloidal magnetic flux that threads the equatorial plane of the ergosphere, which forms the ergospheric disk magnetosphere). Standard MHD theoretical treatments of Poynting jets in the EHM are predicated on the assumption that the plasma comprising the boundaries of the EHM plays no role in producing the Poynting flux. The energy flux is electrodynamic in origin and it is essentially conserved from the horizon to infinity, this is known as the Blandford-Znajek (B-Z) mechanism. To the contrary, within the 3-D simulations, the lateral boundaries are strong pistons for MHD waves and actually inject prodigious quantities of Poynting flux into the EHM. At high black hole spin rates, strong sources of Poynting flux adjacent to the EHM from the ergospheric disk will actually diffuse to higher latitudes and swamp any putative B-Z effects. This is in contrast to lower spin rates, which are characterized by much lower output powers and modest amounts of Poynting flux are injected into the EHM from the accretion disk corona.

Brian Punsly

2007-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

66

Fiber-optical analogue of the event horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The physics at the event horizon resembles the behavior of waves in moving media. Horizons are formed where the local speed of the medium exceeds the wave velocity. We use ultrashort pulses in microstructured optical fibers to demonstrate the formation of an artificial event horizon in optics. We observed a classical optical effect, the blue-shifting of light at a white-hole horizon. We also show by theoretical calculations that such a system is capable of probing the quantum effects of horizons, in particular Hawking radiation.

Thomas G. Philbin; Chris Kuklewicz; Scott Robertson; Stephen Hill; Friedrich Konig; Ulf Leonhardt

2007-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

67

New Horizons: Anticipated Scientific Investigations at the Pluto System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Horizons spacecraft will achieve a wide range of measurement objectives at the Pluto system, including color and panchromatic maps, 1.25-2.50 micron spectral images for studying surface compositions, and measurements of Pluto's atmosphere (temperatures, composition, hazes, and the escape rate). Additional measurement objectives include topography, surface temperatures, and the solar wind interaction. The fulfillment of these measurement objectives will broaden our understanding of the Pluto system, such as the origin of the Pluto system, the processes operating on the surface, the volatile transport cycle, and the energetics and chemistry of the atmosphere. The mission, payload, and strawman observing sequences have been designed to acheive the NASA-specified measurement objectives and maximize the science return. The planned observations at the Pluto system will extend our knowledge of other objects formed by giant impact (such as the Earth-moon), other objects formed in the outer solar system (such ...

Young, Leslie A; Weaver, Harold A; Bagenal, Fran; Binzel, Richard P; Buratti, Bonnie; Cheng, Andrew F; Cruikshank, Dale; Gladstone, G Randall; Grundy, William M; Hinson, David P; Horanyi, Mihaly; Jennings, Donald E; Linscott, Ivan R; McComas, David J; McKinnon, William B; McNutt, Ralph; Moore, Jeffery M; Murchie, Scott; Porco, Carolyn C; Reitsema, Harold; Reuter, Dennis C; Spencer, John R; Slater, David C; Strobel, Darrell; Summers, Michael E; Tyler, G Leonard

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

ORISE: White paper analyzes Deepwater Horizon event for improving nuclear  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deepwater Horizon and Nuclear and Radiological Incidents: Common Challenges Deepwater Horizon and Nuclear and Radiological Incidents: Common Challenges and Solutions White paper analyzes Deepwater Horizon response, identifies approaches for radiological or nuclear emergency planning The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill shares many of the same challenges associated with a radiological incident like the one considered in the Empire 09 exercise or even a much larger nuclear incident. By analyzing experiences during Deepwater Horizon, these challenges can be identified by the interagency in advance of a radiological or nuclear emergency and solutions made available. In the white paper Deepwater Horizon and Nuclear and Radiological Incidents: Common Challenges and Solutions (PDF, 462KB), ORISE examines the following three aspects of the Deepwater Horizon response:

69

Tomographic imaging system for measuring impurity line emission in a field-reversed configuration  

SciTech Connect

A 16 chord optical tomography system has been developed and implemented in the flux coil generated-field reversed configuration (FRC). The chords are arranged in two fans of eight, which cover {approx}35% of the vessel area at the midplane. Each illuminate separate photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) which are fitted with narrow band-pass filters. In this case, filters are centered at 434.8 nm to measure emission from singly ionized argon. PMT crosstalk is negligible. Background noise due to electron radiation and H{sub {gamma}} line radiation is <10% of argon emission. The spatial resolution of the reconstruction is 1.5 cm. Argon is introduced using a puff valve and tube designed to impart the gas into the system as the FRC is forming. Reconstruction of experimental data results in time-dependent, 2D emissivity profiles of the impurity ions. Analysis of these data show radial, cross-field diffusion to be in the range of 10-10{sup 3} m{sup 2}/s during FRC equilibrium.

Roche, T.; Heidbrink, W. W.; McWilliams, R. [University of California, Irvine, California 92697 (United States); Bolte, N.; Garate, E.; Wessel, F. [University of California, Irvine, California 92697 (United States); Tri Alpha Energy, Inc., Rancho Santa Margarita, California 92688 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

70

New insights into microbial responses to oil spills from the Deepwater Horizon incident  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On April 20, 2010, a catastrophic eruption of methane caused the Deepwater Horizon exploratory drill rig drilling the Macondo Well in Mississippi Canyon Block 252 (MC252) to explode. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill was unprecendeted for several reasons: the volume of oil released; the spill duration; the well depth; the distance from the shore-line (77 km or about 50 miles); the type of oil (light crude); and the injection of dispersant directly at the wellhead. This study clearly demonstrated that there was a profound and significant response by certain members of the in situ microbial community in the deep-sea in the Gulf of Mexico. In particular putative hydrocarbon degrading Bacteria appeared to bloom in response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, even though the temperature at these depths is never >5 C. As the plume aged the shifts in the microbial community on a temporal scale suggested that different, yet metabolically important members of the community were able to respond to a myriad of plume constituents, e.g. shifting from propane/ethane to alkanes and finally to methane. Thus, the biodegradation of hydrocarbons in the plume by Bacteria was a highly significant process in the natural attenuation of many compounds released during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.

Mason, O.U.; Hazen, T.C.

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

71

Dirty black holes: Symmetries at stationary non-static horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We establish that the Einstein tensor takes on a highly symmetric form near the Killing horizon of any stationary but non-static (and non-extremal) black hole spacetime. [This follows up on a recent article by the current authors, gr-qc/0402069, which considered static black holes.] Specifically, at any such Killing horizon -- irrespective of the horizon geometry -- the Einstein tensor block-diagonalizes into ``transverse'' and ``parallel'' blocks, and its transverse components are proportional to the transverse metric. Our findings are supported by two independent procedures; one based on the regularity of the on-horizon geometry and another that directly utilizes the elegant nature of a bifurcate Killing horizon. It is then argued that geometrical symmetries will severely constrain the matter near any Killing horizon. We also speculate on how this may be relevant to certain calculations of the black hole entropy.

A J M Medved; Damien Martin; Matt Visser

2004-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

72

ARM: Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (KASACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scan (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (KASACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scan (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)

Nitin Bharadwaj; Kevin Widener

73

Green Investment Horizons: Effects of Policy on the Market for...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Investment Horizons: Effects of Policy on the Market for Building Energy Efficiency Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Green Investment...

74

ORISE: White paper analyzes Deepwater Horizon event for improving...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Incidents: Common Challenges and Solutions White paper analyzes Deepwater Horizon response, identifies approaches for radiological or nuclear emergency planning The 2010...

75

The Deepwater Horizon oil spill and Miami-Dade County  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Deepwater Horizon oil spill and Miami-Dade County Issue 8.2 Background On Tuesday, April 20 days later off the coast of Louisiana. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill is now the largest oil spill in U.S. history and has been designated as a Spill of Na- tional Significance. Current projections from

Jawitz, James W.

76

BlackLining Demo BlackLining Demo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BlackLining Demo BlackLining Demo BlackLining Demo YOUR PAYCHECKPAYROLL TAXES AND EMPLOYMENT LAW BY SPONSORED BY #12;BlackLining Demo e BlackLining Demo e BlackLining Demo e AMERICAN PAYROLL ASSOCIATION i Design by PRIWORKS.com. Images from Thinkstock.com. #12;BlackLining Demo BlackLining Demo Black

Harms, Kyle E.

77

New Horizons Mission Powered by Space Radioisotope Power Systems |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Horizons Mission Powered by Space Radioisotope Power Systems New Horizons Mission Powered by Space Radioisotope Power Systems New Horizons Mission Powered by Space Radioisotope Power Systems January 30, 2008 - 6:47pm Addthis Artist's concept of the New Horizons spacecraft during its planned encounter with Pluto and its moon, Charon. The craft's miniature cameras, radio science experiment, ultraviolet and infrared spectrometers and space plasma experiments are run by the Department of Energy's Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG). | Photo courtesy of Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Southwest Research Institute (JHUAPL/SwRI) Artist's concept of the New Horizons spacecraft during its planned encounter with Pluto and its moon, Charon. The craft's miniature cameras, radio science experiment, ultraviolet and infrared spectrometers and space

78

New Horizons Mission Powered by Space Radioisotope Power Systems |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Horizons Mission Powered by Space Radioisotope Power Systems New Horizons Mission Powered by Space Radioisotope Power Systems New Horizons Mission Powered by Space Radioisotope Power Systems January 30, 2008 - 6:47pm Addthis Artist's concept of the New Horizons spacecraft during its planned encounter with Pluto and its moon, Charon. The craft's miniature cameras, radio science experiment, ultraviolet and infrared spectrometers and space plasma experiments are run by the Department of Energy's Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG). | Photo courtesy of Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Southwest Research Institute (JHUAPL/SwRI) Artist's concept of the New Horizons spacecraft during its planned encounter with Pluto and its moon, Charon. The craft's miniature cameras, radio science experiment, ultraviolet and infrared spectrometers and space

79

Thermodynamics of apparent horizon and modified Friedman equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Starting from the first law of thermodynamics, $dE=T_hdS_h+WdV$, at apparent horizon of a FRW universe, and assuming that the associated entropy with apparent horizon has a quantum corrected relation, $S=\\frac{A}{4G}-\\alpha \\ln \\frac{A}{4G}+\\beta \\frac{4G}{A}$, we derive modified Friedmann equations describing the dynamics of the universe with any spatial curvature. We also examine the time evolution of the total entropy including the quantum corrected entropy associated with the apparent horizon together with the matter field entropy inside the apparent horizon. Our study shows that, with the local equilibrium assumption, the generalized second law of thermodynamics is fulfilled in a region enclosed by the apparent horizon.

Ahmad Sheykhi

2010-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

80

New Horizons on the Nuclear Landscape | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Science Highlights » 2012 Science Highlights » 2012 » New Horizons on the Nuclear Landscape Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Funding Opportunities Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) News & Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3613 F: (301) 903-3833 E: sc.np@science.doe.gov More Information » June 2012 New Horizons on the Nuclear Landscape New calculations have quantified the boundaries and uncertainties of the 'chart of the nuclides'-the extended periodic table of all matter. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Image courtesy of University of Tennessee/ORNL

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) instrument aboard New Horizons. Space Sci. Rev., this volume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. The Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) instrument on New Horizons will measure the interaction between the solar wind and ions created by atmospheric loss from Pluto. These measurements provide a characterization of the total loss rate and allow us to examine the complex plasma interactions at Pluto for the first time. Constrained to fit within minimal resources, SWAP is optimized to make plasma-ion measurements at all rotation angles as the New Horizons spacecraft scans to image Pluto and Charon during the flyby. In order to meet these unique requirements, we combined a cylindrically symmetric retarding potential analyzer (RPA) with small deflectors, a top-hat analyzer, and a redundant/coincidence detection scheme. This configuration allows for highly sensitive measurements and a controllable energy passband at all scan angles of the spacecraft.

D. Mccomas; F. Allegrini; F. Bagenal; P. Delamere; D. Demkee; G. Dunn; H. Elliott; J. Hanley; K. Johnson; J. Langle; G. Miller; S. Pope; M. Reno; B. Rodriguez; N. Schwadron; P. Valek; S. Weidner

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

The Milling Stone Horizon Revisited: New Perspectives from Northern and Central California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Berryessa II. Journal THE MILLING STONE HORIZON REVISITEDI, pp. 67-93 (1999). The Milling Stone Horizon Revisited:nearly half a century, the Milling Stone Horizon has been

Fitzgerald, Richard T.; Jones, Terry L.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

New Horizons: Anticipated Scientific Investigations at the Pluto System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Horizons spacecraft will achieve a wide range of measurement objectives at the Pluto system, including color and panchromatic maps, 1.25-2.50 micron spectral images for studying surface compositions, and measurements of Pluto's atmosphere (temperatures, composition, hazes, and the escape rate). Additional measurement objectives include topography, surface temperatures, and the solar wind interaction. The fulfillment of these measurement objectives will broaden our understanding of the Pluto system, such as the origin of the Pluto system, the processes operating on the surface, the volatile transport cycle, and the energetics and chemistry of the atmosphere. The mission, payload, and strawman observing sequences have been designed to acheive the NASA-specified measurement objectives and maximize the science return. The planned observations at the Pluto system will extend our knowledge of other objects formed by giant impact (such as the Earth-moon), other objects formed in the outer solar system (such as comets and other icy dwarf planets), other bodies with surfaces in vapor-pressure equilibrium (such as Triton and Mars), and other bodies with N2:CH4 atmospheres (such as Titan, Triton, and the early Earth).

Leslie A. Young; S. Alan Stern; Harold A. Weaver; Fran Bagenal; Richard P. Binzel; Bonnie Buratti; Andrew F. Cheng; Dale Cruikshank; G. Randall Gladstone; William M. Grundy; David P. Hinson; Mihaly Horanyi; Donald E. Jennings; Ivan R. Linscott; David J. McComas; William B. McKinnon; Ralph McNutt; Jeffery M. Moore; Scott Murchie; Carolyn C. Porco; Harold Reitsema; Dennis C. Reuter; John R. Spencer; David C. Slater; Darrell Strobel; Michael E. Summers; G. Leonard Tyler

2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

84

Green functions and Euclidean fields near the bifurcate Killing horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We approximate a Euclidean version of a D+1 dimensional manifold with a bifurcate Killing horizon by a product of a two-dimensional Rindler space and a D-1 dimensional manifold M. We obtain approximate formulas for the Green functions. We study the behaviour of Green functions near the horizon and their dimensional reduction. We show that if M is compact then the massless minimally coupled quantum field contains a zero mode which is a conformal invariant free field on R^2. Then, the Green function near the horizon can be approximated by the Green function of the two-dimensional quantum field theory. The correction term is exponentially small away from the horizon. If the volume of a geodesic ball is growing to infinity with its radius then the Green function cannot be approximated by a two-dimensional one.

Z. Haba

2007-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

85

Economic and Environmental Horizons for China to 2020  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Economic and Environmental Horizons for China to 2020 Speaker(s): David Roland-Holst Date: November 21, 2003 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Alan...

86

On the conversion of rest energy in horizon energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that the Verlinde formula for the entropy variation of a holographic screen is a consequence of the conversion of the particle energy in horizon energy. The special role played by the particular displacement $\\Delta x = c^{2}/a$ is emphasized, $a$ being the particle acceleration. Using the Heisenberg Principle we show that the energy on the causal horizon (viewed as a holographic screen) of an inertial observer is proportional to its radius, as for a black hole.

Hristu Culetu

2010-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

87

Reflection and Transmission at the Apparent Horizon during Gravitational Collapse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the wave-functionals describing the collapse of a self-gravitating dust ball in an exact quantization of the gravity-dust system. We show that ingoing (collapsing) dust shell modes outside the apparent horizon must necessarily be accompanied by outgoing modes inside the apparent horizon, whose amplitude is suppressed by the square root of the Boltzmann factor at the Hawking temperature. Likewise, ingoing modes in the interior must be accompanied by outgoing modes in the exterior, again with an amplitude suppressed by the same factor. A suitable superposition of the two solutions is necessary to conserve the dust probability flux across the apparent horizon, thus each region contains both ingoing and outgoing dust modes. If one restricts oneself to considering only the modes outside the apparent horizon then one should think of the apparent horizon as a partial reflector, the probability for a shell to reflect being given by the Boltzmann factor at the Hawking temperature determined by the mass contained within it. However, if one considers the entire wave function, the outgoing wave in the exterior is seen to be the transmission through the horizon of the interior outgoing wave that accompanies the collapsing shells. This transmission could allow information from the interior to be transferred to the exterior.

Cenalo Vaz; L. C. R. Wijewardhana

2010-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

88

In-line phase-contrast imaging of a biological specimen using a compact laser-Compton scattering-based x-ray source  

SciTech Connect

Laser-Compton scattering (LCS) x-ray sources have recently attracted much attention for their potential use at local medical facilities because they can produce ultrashort pulsed, high-brilliance, and quasimonochromatic hard x rays with a small source size. The feasibility of in-line phase-contrast imaging for a 'thick' biological specimens of rat lumbar vertebrae using the developed compact LCS-X in AIST was investigated for the promotion of clinical imaging. In the higher-quality images, anatomical details of the spinous processes of the vertebrae are more clearly observable than with conventional absorption radiography. The results demonstrate that phase-contrast radiography can be performed using LCS-X.

Ikeura-Sekiguchi, H.; Kuroda, R.; Yasumoto, M.; Toyokawa, H.; Koike, M.; Yamada, K. [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Central 2-5, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan); Sakai, F. [Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd. (SHI), 2-1-1, Yatocho, Nishitokyo, Tokyo 188-8585 (Japan); Mori, K.; Maruyama, K. [Ibaraki Prefectural University of Health Sciences, 4669-2, Ami, Inashiki, Ibaraki 300-0394 (Japan); Oka, H.; Kimata, T. [St. Marianna University School of Medicine, 2-16-1, Sugao, Miyamae-ku, Kawasaki City 216-8512 (Japan)

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

89

Dynamical horizon entropy and equilibrium thermodynamics of generalized gravity theories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the relation between the thermodynamics and field equations of generalized gravity theories on the dynamical trapping horizon with sphere symmetry. We assume the entropy of a dynamical horizon as the Noether charge associated with the Kodama vector and point out that it satisfies the second law when a Gibbs equation holds. We generalize two kinds of Gibbs equations to Gauss-Bonnet gravity on any trapping horizon. Based on the quasilocal gravitational energy found recently for f(R) gravity and scalar-tensor gravity in some special cases, we also build up the Gibbs equations, where the nonequilibrium entropy production, which is usually invoked to balance the energy conservation, is just absorbed into the modified Wald entropy in the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetime with slowly varying horizon. Moreover, the equilibrium thermodynamic identity remains valid for f(R) gravity in a static spacetime. Our work provides an alternative treatment to reinterpret the nonequilibrium correction and supports the idea that the horizon thermodynamics is universal for generalized gravity theories.

Wu Shaofeng; Ge Xianhui; Yang Guohong [Department of Physics, Shanghai University, Shanghai, 200444 (China); Shanghai Key Lab of Astrophysics, Shanghai, 200234 (China); Zhang Pengming [Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Accelerator, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Institute of Modern Physics, Lanzhou, 730000 (China)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

BEAM LINE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BEAM LINE BEAM LINE 45 W ILHELM ROENTGEN'S INITIAL DISCOVERY of X-radiation in 1895 led immediately to practical applications in medicine. Over the next few decades X rays proved to be an invaluable tool for the investigation of the micro-world of the atom and the development of the quantum theory of matter. Almost a century later, telescopes designed to detect X-radiation are indispensable for understanding the structure and evolution of the macro-world of stars, galaxies, and the Universe as a whole. The X-Ray Universe by WALLACE H. TUCKER X-ray images of the Universe are strikingly different from the usual visible-light images. 46 SUMMER 1995 did not think: I investigated." Undeterred by NASA's rejection of a proposal to search for cosmic X-radiation, Giacconi persuaded the

91

Los Alamos National Laboratory cosponsors 30th Expanding Your Horizons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Expanding your horizons conference Expanding your horizons conference Los Alamos National Laboratory cosponsors 30th Expanding Your Horizons conference The young women will participate in hands-on activities related to fields, such as astronomy, aerospace, chemistry, and earth science. March 16, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

92

RTG-History, the Curiosity, and New Horizons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RTG -- History, the Curiosity, and New Horizons RTG -- History, the Curiosity, and New Horizons Curiosity · New Horizons · Voyager · Resources with Additional Information DOE's RTG is doing it again. The Department's Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) is providing continuous power to the Mars rover Curiosity. The Multi-Mission RTG was constructed, assembled and tested by the Department and the Idaho, Oak Ridge, Los Alamos and Sandia National Laboratories.* Los Alamos was also involved in designing and building the ChemCam, which recently set it sights on the first Martian target, and zapped its first Martian rock. Twelve Months in Two Minutes: Curiosity's First Year on Mars (video) - *Edited excerpt from Nuclear Systems Powering a Mission to Mars RTG Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTG)

93

Microsoft Word - Horizon Wind Energy Comments.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transmission Infrastructure Program Transmission Infrastructure Program Western Area Power Administration P.O. Box 281213 Lakewood, CO 80228-8213 Via email: txprogram@wapa.gov April 3, 2009 Re: Notice of Proposed Program and Request for Public Comments regarding the implementation of section 402 of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. 74 Fed. Reg. 9391-9393 (Mar. 4, 2009). Dear Sir or Madam: On behalf of Horizon Wind Energy LLC ("Horizon"), I am pleased to submit comments on Western Area Power Administration ('Western')'s proposed implementation of section 402 of the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act of 2009. Horizon develops, constructs, owns and operates wind farms throughout North America. Based

94

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Horizons Inc - OH 05  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Horizons Inc - OH 05 Horizons Inc - OH 05 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: HORIZONS, INC. (OH.05 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Clecon, Inc. Lamotite, Inc. OH.05-1 OH.05-1 Location: 2909 East 79th Street , Cleveland , Ohio OH.05-2 OH.05-3 Evaluation Year: 1985 OH.05-1 Site Operations: Conducted research development work on a process for preparation of zirconium by fused salt electrolysis; and conducted work on production of thorium metal by fused salt electrolysis. OH.05-4 OH.05-5 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No Authority OH.05-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Thorium OH.05-4 Radiological Survey(s): Yes OH.05-3 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP

95

Thermodynamics of the apparent horizon in massive cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applying Clausius relation with energy-supply defined by the unified first law of thermodynamics formalism to the apparent horizon of a massive cosmological model proposed lately, the corrected entropic formula of the apparent horizon is obtained with the help of the modified Friedmann equations. This entropy-area relation, together with the identified internal energy, verifies the first law of thermodynamics for the apparent horizon with a volume change term for consistency. On the other hand, by means of the corrected entropy-area formula and the Clausius relation $\\delta Q=T dS$, the modified Friedmann equations governing the dynamical evolution of the universe are reproduced with the known energy density and pressure of massive graviton. The integration constant is found to correspond to a cosmological term which could be absorbed into the energy density of matter. Having established the correspondence of massive cosmology with the unified first law of thermodynamics on the apparent horizon, the validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics is also discussed by assuming the thermal equilibrium between the apparent horizon and the matter field bounded by the apparent horizon. It is found that, in the limit $H_c\\rightarrow 0$ which recovers the Minkowski reference metric solution in the flat case, the generalized second law of thermodynamics holds if $\\alpha_3+4\\alpha_4<0$. Apart from that, even for the simplest model of dRGT massive cosmology with $\\alpha_3=\\alpha_4=0$, the generalized second law of thermodynamics could be violated.

Hui Li; Yi Zhang

2013-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

96

Horizon Wind Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Address 808 Travis Address 808 Travis Place Houston, Texas Zip 77002 Sector Wind energy Product Wind energy developer Website http://www.horizonwind.com/ Coordinates 29.758748°, -95.36534° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.758748,"lon":-95.36534,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

97

SC-RISE LECTURE SERIES BRIGHT HORIZONS IN SOLAR ENERGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SC-RISE LECTURE SERIES BRIGHT HORIZONS IN SOLAR ENERGY Sustainable Energy Opportunities, Options are being developed including biomass, geothermal, hydropower, ocean thermal energy conversion, solar electric, solar thermal, and wind. However, such aspects as low energy density, siting, and temporal

98

Predictive energy management for hybrid electric vehicles -Prediction horizon and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predictive energy management for hybrid electric vehicles - Prediction horizon and battery capacity of a combined hybrid electric vehicle. Keywords: Hybrid vehicles, Energy Management, Predictive control, Optimal on a sliding window in order to minimize the hybrid vehicle fuel consumption. For real time implementation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

99

Correlation loss and multipartite entanglement across a black hole horizon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the Hawking effect on entangled fields. By considering a scalar field which is in a two-mode squeezed state from the point of view of freely falling (Kruskal) observers crossing the horizon of a Schwarzschild black hole, we study the degradation ... Keywords: Hawking-Unruh effect, Schwarzschild black holes, continuous variable correlations, multipartite entanglement

Gerardo Adesso; Ivette Fuentes-Schuller

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

The Possibilities of Women and Men: Gender and the California Milling Stone Horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Richard 1991 Archaic Milling Cultures of the Southern SanGender and the California Milling Stone Horizon KELLY R.those subsumed under the Milling Stone Horizon, that are not

McGuire, Kelly R; Hildebrandt, William R

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper belt Mission: An Overview with Historical Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NASA's New Horizons (NH) Pluto-Kuiper belt (PKB) mission was launched on 19 January 2006 on a Jupiter Gravity Assist (JGA) trajectory toward the Pluto system for a 14 July 2015 closest approach; Jupiter closest approach occurred on 28 February 2007. It was competitively selected by NASA for development on 29 November 2001. New Horizons is the first mission to the Pluto system and the Kuiper belt; and will complete the reconnaissance of the classical planets. The ~400 kg spacecraft carries seven scientific instruments, including imagers, spectrometers, radio science, a plasma and particles suite, and a dust counter built by university students. NH will study the Pluto system over a 5-month period beginning in early 2015. Following Pluto, NH will go on to reconnoiter one or two 30-50 kilometer diameter Kuiper belt Objects (KBOs), if NASA approves an extended mission. If successful, NH will represent a watershed development in the scientific exploration of a new class of bodies in the solar system - dwarf planet...

Stern, S Alan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper belt Mission: An Overview with Historical Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NASA's New Horizons (NH) Pluto-Kuiper belt (PKB) mission was launched on 19 January 2006 on a Jupiter Gravity Assist (JGA) trajectory toward the Pluto system for a 14 July 2015 closest approach; Jupiter closest approach occurred on 28 February 2007. It was competitively selected by NASA for development on 29 November 2001. New Horizons is the first mission to the Pluto system and the Kuiper belt; and will complete the reconnaissance of the classical planets. The ~400 kg spacecraft carries seven scientific instruments, including imagers, spectrometers, radio science, a plasma and particles suite, and a dust counter built by university students. NH will study the Pluto system over a 5-month period beginning in early 2015. Following Pluto, NH will go on to reconnoiter one or two 30-50 kilometer diameter Kuiper belt Objects (KBOs), if NASA approves an extended mission. If successful, NH will represent a watershed development in the scientific exploration of a new class of bodies in the solar system - dwarf planets, of worlds with exotic volatiles on their surfaces, of rapidly (possibly hydrodynamically) escaping atmospheres, and of giant impact derived satellite systems. It will also provide the first dust density measurements beyond 18 AU, cratering records that shed light on both the ancient and present-day KB impactor population down to tens of meters, and a key comparator to the puzzlingly active, former dwarf planet (now satellite of Neptune) called Triton, which is as large as Eris and Pluto.

S. Alan Stern

2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

103

Imaging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Imaging Print Imaging Print The wavelengths of soft x-ray photons (1-15 nm) are very well matched to the creation of "nanoscopes" capable of probing the interior structure of biological cells and inorganic mesoscopic systems.Topics addressed by soft x-ray imaging techniques include cell biology, nanomagnetism, environmental science, and polymers. The tunability of synchrotron radiation is absolutely essential for the creation of contrast mechanisms. Cell biology CAT scans are performed in the "water window" (300-500 eV). Nanomagnetism studies require the energy range characteristic of iron, cobalt, and nickel (600-900 eV). Mid- and far-infrared (energies below 1 eV) microprobes using synchrotron radiation are being used to address problems such as chemistry in biological tissues, chemical identification and molecular conformation, environmental biodegradation, mineral phases in geological and astronomical specimens, and electronic properties of novel materials. Infrared synchrotron radiation is focused through, or reflected from, a small spot on the specimen and then analyzed using a spectrometer. Tuning to characteristic vibrational frequencies serves as a sensitive fingerprint for molecular species. Images of the various species are built up by raster scanning the specimen through the small illuminated spot.

104

Accelerated detectors and worldsheet horizons in AdS/CFT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the AdS/CFT correspondence to discuss the response of an accelerated observer to the quantum vacuum fluctuations. In particular, we study heavy quarks probing a strongly coupled CFT by analysing strings moving in AdS. We propose that, in this context, a non-trivial detection rate is associated to the existence of a worldsheet horizon and we find an Unruh-like expression for the worldsheet temperature. Finally, by examining a rotating string in global AdS we find that there is a transition between string embeddings with and without worldsheet horizon. The dual picture corresponds to having non-trivial or trivial interaction with the quantum vacuum respectively. This is in qualitative agreement with results of Davies et al.

Mariano Chernicoff; Angel Paredes

2010-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

105

Time-symmetric quantization in spacetimes with event horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The standard quantization formalism in spacetimes with event horizons implies a non-unitary evolution of quantum states, as initial pure states may evolve into thermal states. This phenomenon is behind the famous black hole information loss paradox which provoked long-standing debates on the compatibility of quantum mechanics and gravity. In this paper we demonstrate that within an alternative time-symmetric quantization formalism thermal radiation is absent and states evolve unitarily in spacetimes with event horizons. We also discuss the theoretical consistency of the proposed formalism. We explicitly demonstrate that the theory preserves the microcausality condition and suggest a "reinterpretation postulate" to resolve other apparent pathologies associated with negative energy states. Accordingly as there is a consistent alternative, we argue that choosing to use time-asymmetric quantization is a necessary condition for the black hole information loss paradox.

Archil Kobakhidze; Nicholas L. Rodd

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

106

ORISE: DeepwaterHorizon and Nuclear & Radiological Incidents  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wi l l i a m H a l e y Wi l l i a m H a l e y B r a d P o t t e r C o mm o n C h a l l e n g e s a n d S o l u t i o n s J u n e 2 0 1 1 D e e p w a t e r H o r i z o n a n dN u c l e a r & R a d i o l o g i c a l I n c i d e n t s The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill shares many of the same challenges associated with a radiological incident like the one considered in the Empire 09 1 exercise or even a much larger nuclear incident. By analyzing experiences during Deepwater Horizon, these challenges can be identified by the interagency in advance of a radiological or nuclear emergency and solutions made available. Establishing and staffing a UnifiEd Command strUCtUrE The demands of Deepwater Horizon challenged the traditional response construct envisioned by national planning systems.

107

Horizon effects with surface waves on moving water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface waves on a stationary flow of water are considered, in a linear model that includes the surface tension of the fluid. The resulting gravity-capillary waves experience a rich array of horizon effects when propagating against the flow. In some cases three horizons (points where the group velocity of the wave reverses) exist for waves with a single laboratory frequency. Some of these effects are familiar in fluid mechanics under the name of wave blocking, but other aspects, in particular waves with negative co-moving frequency and the Hawking effect, were overlooked until surface waves were investigated as examples of analogue gravity [Sch\\"utzhold R and Unruh W G 2002 Phys. Rev. D 66 044019]. A comprehensive presentation of the various horizon effects for gravity-capillary waves is given, with emphasis on the deep water/short wavelength case kh>>1 where many analytical results can be derived. A similarity of the state space of the waves to that of a thermodynamic system is pointed out.

Germain Rousseaux; Philippe Maissa; Christian Mathis; Pierre Coullet; Thomas G. Philbin; Ulf Leonhardt

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

108

Euclidean scalar Green functions near the black hole and black brane horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss approximations of the Riemannian geometry near the horizon. If a D+1 dimensional manifold N has a bifurcate Killing horizon then we approximate N by a product of the two-dimensional Rindler space and a D-1 dimensional Riemannian manifold M. We obtain approximate formulas for scalar Green functions. We study the behaviour of the Green functions near the horizon and their dimensional reduction. We show that if M is compact then the Green function near the horizon can be approximated by the Green function of a two-dimensional quantum field theory. The correction term is exponentially small away from the horizon. We extend the results to black brane solutions of supergravity in 10 and 11 dimensions. The near horizon geometry can be approximated by N=AdS_p x S_q. We discuss Euclidean Green functions on N and their behaviour near the horizon.

Z. Haba

2008-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

109

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill PI ConferenceDeepwater Horizon Oil Spill PI Conference Session: Crude oil & dispersants-impact on human  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill PI ConferenceDeepwater Horizon Oil Spill PI Conference Session: Crude oil & dispersants-impact on human health & socioeconomic systems Panelist: James H. Diaz, MD, MPH, Dr Health #12;Oil/dispersants: impact health & S-E systems. Outline of Research Questions? 1. What

110

Stereoscopic 3D line drawing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses stereoscopic 3D imaging based on line drawing of 3D shapes. We describe the major issues and challenges in generating stereoscopic 3D effects using lines only, with a couple of relatively simple approaches called each-eye-based and ... Keywords: binocular rivalry, line drawing, line stylization, non-photorealism, stereo coherence, stereoscopy

Yongjin Kim; Yunjin Lee; Henry Kang; Seungyong Lee

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Radiation of the Inner Horizon of the Reissner-Nordström Black Hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite of over thirty years of research of the black hole thermodynamics our understanding of the possible role played by the inner horizons of Reissner-Nordstr\\"om and Kerr-Newman black holes in black hole thermodynamics is still somewhat incomplete: There are derivations which imply that the temperature of the inner horizon is negative and it is not quite clear what this means. Motivated by this problem we perform a detailed analysis of the radiation emitted by the inner horizon of the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black hole. As a result we find that in a maximally extended Reissner-Nordstr\\"om spacetime virtual particle-antiparticle pairs are created at the inner horizon of the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black hole such that real particles with positive energy and temperature are emitted towards the singularity from the inner horizon and, as a consequence, antiparticles with negative energy are radiated away from the singularity through the inner horizon. We show that these antiparticles will come out from the white hole horizon in the maximally extended Reissner-Nordstr\\"om spacetime, at least when the hole is near extremality. The energy spectrum of the antiparticles leads to a positive temperature for the white hole horizon. In other words, our analysis predicts that in addition to the radiation effects of black hole horizons, also the white hole horizon radiates. The black hole radiation is caused by the quantum effects at the outer horizon, whereas the white hole radiation is caused by the quantum effects at the inner horizon of the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black hole.

A. Peltola; J. Makela

2005-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

112

The Origin of Folded Chert Horizons in the Monterey Formation, Lions Head, California.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Small scale folds that deform the chert rich horizons in siliceous facies of the Monterey Formation, in Santa Maria Basin, at Lions Head, California are… (more)

Crowther, Derrick D.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Carotenoids & Retinoids; Molecular Aspects and Health IssuesChapter 20 New Horizons in Carotenoid Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carotenoids & Retinoids; Molecular Aspects and Health Issues Chapter 20 New Horizons in Carotenoid Research Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press   Downloadable pdf...

114

Quantum toy-model escape to Jordan-block horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An an exactly solvable quantum model is found to sample the evolution towards the sudden and complete loss of observability. For the purpose we choose an N-level system. While the time runs from 0 to 1, the process (leading to the collapse) is controlled by a toy-model Hamiltonian H and by a unitary-evolution guaranteeing minimally anisotropic (i.e., unique) Hilbert-space metric. The process of the degeneracy of the real N-plet of energy levels is studied without the usual assumption of adiabaticity. The initial Hamiltonian is diagonal, the initial metric is chosen as identity. Once the system reaches the observability horizon, the metric becomes singular (of rank one) while the end-point Hamiltonian acquires the canonical Jordan-block form (i.e., it loses its diagonalizability). An optimal measure of the distance from the final catastrophe is finally found in a universal, exact formula for the spectrum of the metric.

Miloslav Znojil

2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

115

New Horizons and the Onset of the Pioneer Anomaly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of the radio tracking data from the Pioneer 10/11 spacecraft at distances between about 20 - 70 AU from the Sun has indicated the presence of an unmodeled, small, constant, Doppler blue shift which can be interpreted as a constant acceleration of a_P= (8.74 \\pm 1.33) \\times 10^{-8} cm/s^2 directed approximately {\\it towards} the Sun. In addition, there is early (roughly modeled) data from as close in as 5 AU which indicates there may have been an onset of the anomaly near Saturn. We observe that the data now arriving from the New Horizons mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt could allow a relatively easy, direct experimental test of whether this onset is associated with distance from the Sun (being, for example, an effect of drag on dark matter). We strongly urge that this test be done.

Nieto, Michael Martin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

New Horizons and the Onset of the Pioneer Anomaly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of the radio tracking data from the Pioneer 10/11 spacecraft at distances between about 20 - 70 AU from the Sun has indicated the presence of an unmodeled, small, constant, Doppler blue shift which can be interpreted as a constant acceleration of a_P= (8.74 \\pm 1.33) \\times 10^{-8} cm/s^2 directed approximately towards the Sun. In addition, there is early (roughly modeled) data from as close in as 5 AU which indicates there may have been an onset of the anomaly near Saturn. We observe that the data now arriving from the New Horizons mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt could allow a relatively easy, direct experimental test of whether this onset is associated with distance from the Sun (being, for example, an effect of drag on dark matter). We strongly urge that this test be done.

Michael Martin Nieto

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

117

The Deepwater Horizon Disaster: What Happened and Why  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Deepwater Horizon disaster was the largest oil spill in US history, and the second largest spill in the world. 11 men lost their lives in the explosion and fire. Although the impacts of the spill were evident to large numbers of people, its causes were harder to see. This lecture will focus on the technical aspects of the events that led to the spill itself: what happened on the rig before, during and after the event, up to the time the rig sank. As with many engineering disasters, the accident was due to a sequence of failures, including both technical systems and procedural issues. Although the causes were complex and interacting, the lecture will focus on four main problems: (1) the failure of the cement and casing seal, (2) the failure to recognize and respond to hydrocarbon flow into the riser, (3) the ignition of hydrocarbons on the rig, and (4) the failure of the blow-out preventer (BOP) to seal the well. The lecture will conclude with some suggestions as to how events such as the Deepwater Horizon disaster can be avoided in the future. (Roland N. Horne is the Thomas Davies Barrow Professor of Earth Sciences at Stanford University, and was the Chairman of Petroleum Engineering from 1995 to 2006. He holds BE, PhD and DSc degrees from the University of Auckland, New Zealand, all in Engineering Science. Horne is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering and is also an Honorary Member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers.)

Horne, Roland N. (Stanford University)

2011-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

118

Degradation and resilience in Louisiana salt marshes after the BPDeepwater Horizon oil spill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Degradation and resilience in Louisiana salt marshes after the BP­Deepwater Horizon oil spill Brian (high resil- ience) but also permanent marsh area loss after the BP­Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Field that heavy oil cov- erage on the shorelines of Louisiana marshes, already experiencing elevated retreat

Silliman, Brian

119

Videos and Multimedia from NASA's New Horizons Mission  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

DOE provided the power supply for NASA's New Horizons Mission, a mission to Pluto and Charon, a double-planet system, and the Kuiper Belt. The New Horizons websites provides not only several excellent photo galleries, but a collection of videos, data movies, podcasts, and animations. There are also interviews with the science team.

120

Computational Biology: Comparison of Cell Image ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The cells were image by fluorescent microscopy. ... The image data was processed to differentiate between the 2 cell lines. ...

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Thermodynamical properties of interacting holographic dark energy model with apparent horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have investigated the thermodynamical properties of the universe with dark energy. It is demonstrated that in a universe with spacial curvature the natural choice for IR cutoff could be the apparent horizon radius. We shown that any interaction of pressureless dark matter with holographic dark energy, whose infrared cutoff is set by the apparent horizon radius, implying a constant effective equation of state of dark component in a universe. In addition we found that for the static observer in space, the comoving distance has a faster expansion than the apparent horizon radius with any spatial curvature. We also verify that in some conditions the modified first law of thermodynamics could return to the classic form at apparent horizon for a universe filled with dark energy and dark matter. Besides, the generalized second law of thermodynamics is discussed in a region enclosed by the apparent horizon.

Bin Liu; Xian-Ru Hu; Jian-Bo Deng

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Help Line  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Help Line Help Line Ombuds Help Line Committed to the fair and equitable treatment of all employees, contractors, and persons doing business with the Laboratory. Contact Ombuds Office (505)665-2837 Email Help Line (505) 667-9370 Fax (505) 667-3119 Map & Hours Help Line: (505) 667-9370 As an option to visiting the Ombuds office, we provide service through a telephone Help Line and email. The telephone Help Line is useful for individuals who have concerns and want advice or referral while preserving confidentiality and anonymity. Callers may remain anonymous and the Help Line does not have caller ID or other methods of identifying callers. The Help Line maintains the same level of confidentiality and neutrality as the other Ombuds services. The Ombuds Help Line is not for reporting emergencies or officially

123

A Fast Moving Horizon Estimation Algorithm Based on Nonlinear ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

applications with negligible on-line computational costs. .... The cost function ...... Oils. Waxes. Tubular. Reactor. Hyper-Compressor. High-Pressure. Separator.

124

DETECTION OF THE COSMIC {gamma}-RAY HORIZON FROM MULTIWAVELENGTH OBSERVATIONS OF BLAZARS  

SciTech Connect

The first statistically significant detection of the cosmic {gamma}-ray horizon (CGRH) that is independent of any extragalactic background light (EBL) model is presented. The CGRH is a fundamental quantity in cosmology. It gives an estimate of the opacity of the universe to very high energy (VHE) {gamma}-ray photons due to photon-photon pair production with the EBL. The only estimations of the CGRH to date are predictions from EBL models and lower limits from {gamma}-ray observations of cosmological blazars and {gamma}-ray bursts. Here, we present homogeneous synchrotron/synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) models of the spectral energy distributions of 15 blazars based on (almost) simultaneous observations from radio up to the highest energy {gamma}-rays taken with the Fermi satellite. These synchrotron/SSC models predict the unattenuated VHE fluxes, which are compared with the observations by imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes. This comparison provides an estimate of the optical depth of the EBL, which allows us a derivation of the CGRH through a maximum likelihood analysis that is EBL-model independent. We find that the observed CGRH is compatible with the current knowledge of the EBL.

Dominguez, A.; Siana, B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521 (United States); Finke, J. D. [U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Space Science Division, Code 7653, 4555 Overlook Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Prada, F. [Campus of International Excellence UAM-CSIC, Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Primack, J. R. [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Kitaura, F. S. [Leibniz-Institut fuer Astrophysik (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam (Germany); Paneque, D., E-mail: albertod@ucr.edu [Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, SLAC, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

125

Dark energy, exotic matter and properties of horizons in black hole physics and cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We summarize recent results on the properties of near-horizon metrics in different spherically symmetric space-times, including Kantowski-Sachs cosmological models whose evolution begins with a horizon (the so-called Null Big Bang) and static metrics related to black holes. We describe the types of matter compatible with cosmological and black-hole horizons. It turns out, in particular, that a black hole horizon can be in equilibrium with a fluid of disordered cosmic strings ("black holes can have curly hair"). We also discuss different kinds of horizons from the viewpoint of the behavior of tidal forces acting on an extended body and recently classified as "usual", "naked" and "truly naked" ones; in the latter case, tidal forces are infinite in a freely falling reference frame. It is shown that all truly naked horizons, as well as many of those previously characterized as naked and even usual ones, do not admit an extension and therefore must be considered as singularities. The whole analysis is performed locally (in a neighborhood of a candidate horizon) in a model-independent manner. Finally, the possible importance of some of these models in generating dynamic, perturbatively small vacuum fluctuation contributions to the cosmological constant (within a cosmological Casimir-effect approach to this problem) is discussed.

K. A. Bronnikov; E. Elizalde; O. B. Zaslavskii

2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

126

New Horizons for Hydrogen: Producing Hydrogen from Renewable Resources  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Recent events have reminded us of the critical need to transition from crude oil, coal, and natural gas toward sustainable and domestic sources of energy. One reason is we need to strengthen our economy. In 2008 we saw the price of oil reach a record $93 per barrel. With higher oil prices, growing demand for gasoline, and increasing oil imports, an average of $235 billion per year, has left the United States economy to pay for foreign oil since 2005, or $1.2 trillion between 2005 and 2009. From a consumer perspective, this trend is seen with an average gasoline price of $2.50 per gallon since 2005, compared to an average of $1.60 between 1990 and 2004 (after adjusting for inflation). In addition to economic impacts, continued reliance on fossil fuels increases greenhouse gas emissions that may cause climate change, health impacts from air pollution, and the risk of disasters such as the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Energy efficiency in the form of more efficient vehicles and buildings can help to reduce some of these impacts. However, over the long term we must shift from fossil resources to sustainable and renewable energy sources.

Not Available

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Does the Apparent Horizon Exist in the Sultana-Dyer Space-Time?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sultana-Dyer space-time is suggested as a model to describe a black hole embedded in an expanding universe. Recently, some authors argued that there is a singular surface in the Sultana-Dyer space-time and the surface is covered by an apparent horizon surface. Other authors argued that such an apparent horizon does not exist. Here, by directly calculating the expansions of the radial null vector fields normal to the space-like two-spheres, we find that such an apparent horizon does not exist.

Sun, Cheng-Yi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

DOE Technology Helps NASA Seek "New Horizons" | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Helps NASA Seek "New Horizons" Technology Helps NASA Seek "New Horizons" DOE Technology Helps NASA Seek "New Horizons" January 19, 2006 - 10:51am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C.-The New Horizons spacecraft, powered by deep space battery technology developed by the Department of Energy's national laboratories, was successfully launched today from Florida's Kennedy Space Center on a 9-1/2 year journey to explore Pluto and its moons. The spacecraft will receive heat and electricity from a long-lasting plutonium-238 powered generator developed and assembled by scientists and engineers at the Idaho, Oak Ridge and Los Alamos National Laboratories. "This is an amazing mission when you think about the time, distance and harsh environment that the spacecraft will encounter," said Secretary of

129

Horizon scanning and the business environment --- the implications for risk management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

'Uncertainty creates winners and losers. Organisations that want to survive have to adapt.' Kees van der Heijden, Professor of General and Strategic Management at the Graduate Business School of Strathclyde University, Glasgow [1].Horizon scanning is ...

D. Brown

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Horizon thermodynamics and gravitational field equations in Horava-Lifshitz gravity  

SciTech Connect

We explore the relationship between the first law of thermodynamics and gravitational field equation at a static, spherically symmetric black hole horizon in Horava-Lifshitz theory with/without detailed balance. It turns out that as in the cases of Einstein gravity and Lovelock gravity, the gravitational field equation can be cast to a form of the first law of thermodynamics at the black hole horizon. This way we obtain the expressions for entropy and mass in terms of black hole horizon, consistent with those from other approaches. We also define a generalized Misner-Sharp energy for static, spherically symmetric spacetimes in Horava-Lifshitz theory. The generalized Misner-Sharp energy is conserved in the case without matter field, and its variation gives the first law of black hole thermodynamics at the black hole horizon.

Cai Ronggen [Key Laboratory of Frontiers in Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2735, Beijing 100190 (China); Department of Physics, Kinki University, Higashi-Osaka, Osaka 577-8502 (Japan); Ohta, Nobuyoshi [Department of Physics, Kinki University, Higashi-Osaka, Osaka 577-8502 (Japan)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

131

Using atmospheric fallout to date organic horizon layers and quantify metal dynamics during decomposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using atmospheric fallout to date organic horizon layers and quantify metal dynamics during- tribution of geochemical tracers from weapons fallout, air pollution, and a direct 207 Pb application at one

Heimsath, Arjun M.

132

The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper belt Mission: An Overview with Historical Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NASA’s New Horizons (NH) Pluto-Kuiper belt (PKB) mission was launched on 19 January 2006 on a Jupiter Gravity Assist (JGA) trajectory toward the Pluto system for a 14 July 2015 closest approach; Jupiter

S. Alan Stern A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Horizon Mechanics and Asymptotic Symmetries with a Immirzi-like Parameter in 2+1 Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Starting with a generalized theory of 2+1 gravity containing an Immirzi like parameter, we derive the modified laws of black hole mechanics using the formalism of weak isolated horizons. Definitions of horizon mass and angular momentum emerge naturally in this framework. We further go on to analyze the asymptotic symmetries, as first discussed by Brown and Henneaux, and analyze their implications in a completely covariant phase space framework.

Rudranil Basu; Ayan Chatterjee

2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

134

Extremal Horizons with Reduced Symmetry: Hyperscaling Violation, Stripes, and a Classification for the Homogeneous Case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Classifying the zero-temperature ground states of quantum field theories with finite charge density is a very interesting problem. Via holography, this problem is mapped to the classification of extremal charged black brane geometries with anti-de Sitter asymptotics. In a recent paper [1], we proposed a Bianchi classification of the extremal near-horizon geometries in five dimensions, in the case where they are homogeneous but, in general, anisotropic. Here, we extend our study in two directions: we show that Bianchi attractors can lead to new phases, and generalize the classification of homogeneous phases in a way suggested by holography. In the first direction, we show that hyperscaling violation can naturally be incorporated into the Bianchi horizons. We also find analytical examples of "striped" horizons. In the second direction, we propose a more complete classification of homogeneous horizon geometries where the natural mathematics involves real four-algebras with three dimensional sub-algebras. This gives rise to a richer set of possible near-horizon geometries, where the holographic radial direction is non-trivially intertwined with field theory spatial coordinates. We find examples of several of the new types in systems consisting of reasonably simple matter sectors coupled to gravity, while arguing that others are forbidden by the Null Energy Condition. Extremal horizons in four dimensions governed by three-algebras or four-algebras are also discussed.

Norihiro Iizuka; Shamit Kachru; Nilay Kundu; Prithvi Narayan; Nilanjan Sircar; Sandip P. Trivedi; Huajia Wang

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

135

IMAGING: the Neutron Imaging Prototype Facility at HFIR | ORNL...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutron Imaging Prototype Facility CG-1D flight tubes Neutron imaging beam line CG-1D. The CG-1D beam is used for neutron imaging measurements and can be configured for white beam...

136

49Exploring the Night-time Launch of STEREO This spectacular night-time image taken by photographer Dominic Agostini shows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

49Exploring the Night-time Launch of STEREO This spectacular night-time image taken by photographer(20)) = 2(3.8 km) = 7.6 km. This is the width of the photograph along the distant horizon the distant horizon and the point on the trajectory. Typical values should be about 40 mm. Then from the scale

137

Green Investment Horizons: Effects of Policy on the Market for Building  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Investment Horizons: Effects of Policy on the Market for Building Green Investment Horizons: Effects of Policy on the Market for Building Energy Efficiency Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Green Investment Horizons: Effects of Policy on the Market for Building Energy Efficiency Technologies Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: pdf.wri.org/working_papers/green_investment_horizons.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/green-investment-horizons-effects-pol Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Financial Incentives,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Demonstration & Implementation Regulations: "Building Codes,Emissions Standards,Energy Standards" is not in the list of possible values (Agriculture Efficiency Requirements, Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling, Audit Requirements, Building Certification, Building Codes, Cost Recovery/Allocation, Emissions Mitigation Scheme, Emissions Standards, Enabling Legislation, Energy Standards, Feebates, Feed-in Tariffs, Fuel Efficiency Standards, Incandescent Phase-Out, Mandates/Targets, Net Metering & Interconnection, Resource Integration Planning, Safety Standards, Upgrade Requirements, Utility/Electricity Service Costs) for this property.

138

Thermodynamics of interacting holographic dark energy with apparent horizon as an IR cutoff  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As soon as an interaction between holographic dark energy and dark matter is taken into account, the identification of IR cutoff with Hubble radius $H^{-1}$, in flat universe, can simultaneously drive accelerated expansion and solve the coincidence problem. Based on this, we demonstrate that in a non-flat universe the natural choice for IR cutoff could be the apparent horizon radius, $\\tilde{r}_A={1}/{\\sqrt{H^2+k/a^2}}$. We show that any interaction of dark matter with holographic dark energy, whose infrared cutoff is set by the apparent horizon radius, implies an accelerated expansion and a constant ratio of the energy densities of both components thus solving the coincidence problem. We also verify that for a universe filled with dark energy and dark matter the Friedmann equation can be written in the form of the modified first law of thermodynamics, $dE=T_hdS_h+WdV$, at apparent horizon. In addition, the generalized second law of thermodynamics is fulfilled in a region enclosed by the apparent horizon. These results hold regardless of the specific form of dark energy and interaction term. Our study might reveal that in an accelerating universe with spatial curvature, the apparent horizon is a physical boundary from the thermodynamical point of view.

Ahmad Sheykhi

2009-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

139

A note on the quantization of a multi-horizon black hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the quasinormal spectrum of a charged scalar field in the (charged) Reissner-Nordstrom spacetime, which has two horizons. The spectrum is characterized by two distinct families of asymptotic resonances. We suggest and demonstrate the according to Bohr's correspondence principle and in agreement with the Bekenstein-Mukhanov quantization scheme, one of these resonances corresponds to a fundamental change of Delta A=4hbar ln2 in the surface area of the black-hole outer horizon. The second asymptotic resonance is associated with a fundamental change of Delta Atot=4hbar ln3 in the total area of the black hole (in the sum of the surface areas of the inner and outer horizons), in accordance with a suggestion of Makela and Repo.

Hod, Shahar

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

A note on the quantization of a multi-horizon black hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the quasinormal spectrum of a charged scalar field in the (charged) Reissner-Nordstrom spacetime, which has two horizons. The spectrum is characterized by two distinct families of asymptotic resonances. We suggest and demonstrate the according to Bohr's correspondence principle and in agreement with the Bekenstein-Mukhanov quantization scheme, one of these resonances corresponds to a fundamental change of Delta A=4hbar ln2 in the surface area of the black-hole outer horizon. The second asymptotic resonance is associated with a fundamental change of Delta Atot=4hbar ln3 in the total area of the black hole (in the sum of the surface areas of the inner and outer horizons), in accordance with a suggestion of Makela and Repo.

Shahar Hod

2007-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Horizon City, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1.6926121°, -106.2074793° 1.6926121°, -106.2074793° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":31.6926121,"lon":-106.2074793,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

142

National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling THE AMOUNT AND FATE OF THE OIL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 1 - National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling THE AMOUNT AND FATE OF THE OIL ---Draft--- Staff Working Paper No. 3 Staff Working Papers are written by the staff of the National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling for the use of members

Meyers, Steven D.

143

Tracking Hurricane Claudette with the U.S. Air Force Over-the-Horizon Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hurricane Claudette was successfully tracked for three days using the 2-s (7 m) surface wave direction field mapped by the U.S. Air Force OTH-B over-the-horizon radar 2400 km away on the coast of Maine. Inflow and fine structure of the surface ...

T. M. Georges; J. A. Harlan; L. R. Meyer; R. G. Peer

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Multi-horizon solar radiation forecasting for Mediterranean locations using time series models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Considering the grid manager's point of view, needs in terms of prediction of intermittent energy like the photovoltaic resource can be distinguished according to the considered horizon: following days (d+1, d+2 and d+3), next day by hourly step (h+24), next hour (h+1) and next few minutes (m+5 e.g.). Through this work, we have identified methodologies using time series models for the prediction horizon of global radiation and photovoltaic power. What we present here is a comparison of different predictors developed and tested to propose a hierarchy. For horizons d+1 and h+1, without advanced ad hoc time series pre-processing (stationarity) we find it is not easy to differentiate between autoregressive moving average (ARMA) and multilayer perceptron (MLP). However we observed that using exogenous variables improves significantly the results for MLP . We have shown that the MLP were more adapted for horizons h+24 and m+5. In summary, our results are complementary and improve the existing prediction techniques ...

Voyant, Cyril; Muselli, Marc; Nivet, Marie Laure

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Application of Over-the-Horizon Radar Observations to Synoptic and Mesoanalysis over the Atlantic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over-the-horizon (OTH) radar observations of surface wind direction offer a high-resolution (15 km) resource for synoptic and mesoscale wind field analysis. With horizontal resolution at the lower end of the mesoscale and areal coverage in the ...

G. S. Young; J. A. Harlan; T. M. Georges

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

The stability of Killing-Cauchy horizons in colliding plane wave space-times  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is confirmed rigorously that the Killing-Cauchy horizons, which sometimes occur in space-times representing the collision and subsequent interaction of plane gravitational waves in a Minkowski background, are unstable with respect to bounded perturbations of the initial waves, at least for the case in which the initial waves have constant aligned polarizations.

J. B. Griffiths

2005-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

147

Changes in the African monsoon region at medium-term time horizon using 12 AR4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Changes in the African monsoon region at medium-term time horizon using 12 AR4 coupled models.58 ° in mean) and a southward shift in 6 /11 models in the western region (-0.24°) is observed. African monsoon of land compared to oceans, which would be responsible for driving a stronger monsoonal flow inland

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

148

Scalar-tetradic theory A: The Birkhoff theorem: Horizons and singularities  

SciTech Connect

In a recent paper a unique solution of the field equations of theory A, describing the outer field of the sun, has been obtained for each value of the coupling constant W. Here, this solution is studied in detail for any possible value of W (horizons, singularities,. . .) and the Birkhoff theorem is proved in the framework of theory A.

Saez, D.; Arnau, J.V.

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Estimating Surface Oil Extent from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill using ASCAT Backscatter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimating Surface Oil Extent from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill using ASCAT Backscatter Richard Provo, UT 84602 Abstract--The damping effects of oil on capillary ocean waves alter the backscattered backscatter from the ocean surface uncontaminated by surface oil. Large differences between expected

Long, David G.

150

Areas of the Event Horizon and Stationary Limit Surface for a Kerr Black Hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an elementary evaluation of the surface areas of the event horizon and stationary limit surface for an uncharged Kerr black hole. The latter appears not to have been previously given in the literature, and permits us to suggest new geometrical / physical interpretations of these areas.

Pickett, C A

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Blue Horizons Study Assesses Future Capabilities and Technologies for the United States Air Force  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of the Blue Horizons study was to determine the capabilities and technologies in which the United States Air Force would need to invest to maintain dominant air, space, and cyberspace capabilities in the year 2030. The study used two methodologies, ... Keywords: decision analysis, defense, multiple criteria, research and development, scenarios, technology, uncertainty

John P. Geis; Gregory S. Parnell; Harry Newton; Terry Bresnick

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Disturbance and Recovery of Salt Marsh Arthropod Communities following BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.S. Gulf of Mexico is a hub of oil and gas exploration activities that historically have impacted and impede recovery of the system. There are over 3,000 active oil & gas production platforms in U.S. OuterDisturbance and Recovery of Salt Marsh Arthropod Communities following BP Deepwater Horizon Oil

Pennings, Steven C.

153

Blazing Cerenkov Flashes at the Horizons by Cosmic Rays and Neutrinos Induced Air-Showers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Energy Cosmic Rays (C.R.) versus Neutrino and Neutralino induced Air-Shower maybe tested at Horizons by their muons, gamma and Cerenkov blazing signals. Inclined and Horizontal C.R. Showers (70-90 zenith angle) produce secondary (gamma, e+, e-) mostly suppressed by high column atmosphere depth. Earliest shower Cherenkov photons are diluted by large distances and by air opacity, while secondary penetrating muons and their successive decay into electrons and gamma, may revive additional Cerenkov lights. GeVs gamma telescopes at the top of the mountains or in Space may detect at horizons PeVs up to EeV C.R. and their secondaries. Details on arrival angle and column depth, shower shape, timing signature of photon flash intensity, may inform us on the altitude interaction and primary UHECR composition. Below the horizons, at zenith angle among copious single albedo muons, rare up-going showers traced by muon bundles would give evidence of rare tau Earth-Skimming neutrinos, at EeVs energies. Their rate may be comparable with 6.3 PeVs anti-neutrino electron induced air-shower (mostly hadronic) originated above and also below horizons, in interposed atmosphere by W resonance at Glashow peak. Additional and complementary UHE SUSY neutralinos at tens PeVs-EeV energy may blaze, by its characteristic electromagnetic signature. Their secondary shower blazing Cerenkov lights and distances might be disentangled from UHECR by Stereoscopic Telescopes such as Magic ones or Hess array experiment. The horizontal detection sensitivity of Magic in the present set up (if totally devoted to the Horizons Shower search) maybe already be comparable to AMANDA underground neutrino detector at PeVs energies.

D. Fargion

2004-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

154

DOE Technology Helps NASA Seek "New Horizons"  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

January 19, 2006 January 19, 2006 DOE Technology Helps NASA Seek "New Horizons" WASHINGTON, D.C.-The New Horizons spacecraft, powered by deep space battery technology developed by the Department of Energy's national laboratories, was successfully launched today from Florida's Kennedy Space Center on a 9-1/2 year journey to explore Pluto and its moons. The spacecraft will receive heat and electricity from a long-lasting plutonium-238 powered generator developed and assembled by scientists and engineers at the Idaho, Oak Ridge and Los Alamos National Laboratories. "This is an amazing mission when you think about the time, distance and harsh environment that the spacecraft will encounter," said Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman. "Developing the technology to sustain the

155

Expand your horizons! | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Expand your horizons! Expand your horizons! Return to main page Keep up with DOE, U.S. and World Wide government science information by following @ostigov, @sciencegov, and @worldwidescienc on Twitter. Through @ostigov you will learn the latest from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) and the Department of Energy (DOE). Through @sciencegov, get health studies, space, natural disaster and energy efficiency information plus more via the scrolling "Science in the News" headlines from 11 of the Science.gov agencies. In addition, news about additions and changes to the Science.gov website will be announced. Through @worldwidescienc, get information related to more than 80 national and international scientific databases and portals. Whether you use Twitter

156

Microsoft PowerPoint - Deepwater Horizon Containment - 30 JUN.ppt  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Deepwater Horizon Source Control Deepwater Horizon Source Control June 30, 2010 DOE/DOI External Science Advisors On-Site DOI + DOE Labs Team Reach Back to Labs BP + Contractors + Industry Design Key Decisions * Independent Analysis * Information Flow * Integrated Design Reviews * Development of Joint Action Plans * Decision Engagement Analysis Operations Federal & BP Working Relationship Path Forward via Unified Command Strategy and Forward Plan * Run a Safe Operation * Long Term - Relief Wells * Short Term - Containment - Option to Shut-in Well; Test Integrity * Leverage Industry and Government Expertise * Multiple Parallel Options * No Stone Unturned to Minimize Pollution Containment: Early July Capacity 40 - 53 mbd Containment: Offshore Operations Toisa Pisces Loch Rannoch Helix Producer Subsea Manifold Air Can in Moonpool

157

Spherical collapse of a heat conducting fluid in higher dimensions without horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a scenario where the interior spacetime,described by a heat conducting fluid sphere is matched to a Vaidya metric in higher dimensions.Interestingly we get a class of solutions, where following heat radiation the boundary surface collapses without the appearance of an event horizon at any stage and this happens with reasonable properties of matter field.The non-occurrence of a horizon is due to the fact that the rate of mass loss exactly counterbalanced by the fall of boundary radius.Evidently this poses a counter example to the so-called cosmic censorship hypothesis.Two explicit examples of this class of solutions are also given and it is observed that the rate of collapse is delayed with the introduction of extra dimensions.The work extends to higher dimensions our previous investigation in 4D.

A. banerjee; S. Chatterjee

2004-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

158

Spherical collapse of a heat conducting fluid in higher dimensions without horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a scenario where the interior spacetime,described by a heat conducting fluid sphere is matched to a Vaidya metric in higher dimensions.Interestingly we get a class of solutions, where following heat radiation the boundary surface collapses without the appearance of an event horizon at any stage and this happens with reasonable properties of matter field.The non-occurrence of a horizon is due to the fact that the rate of mass loss exactly counterbalanced by the fall of boundary radius.Evidently this poses a counter example to the so-called cosmic censorship hypothesis.Two explicit examples of this class of solutions are also given and it is observed that the rate of collapse is delayed with the introduction of extra dimensions.The work extends to higher dimensions our previous investigation in 4D.

Banerjee, A

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

The Pluto Energetic Particle Spectrometer Science Investigation (PEPSSI) on the New Horizons Mission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Pluto Energetic Particle Spectrometer Science Investigation (PEPSSI) comprises the hardware and accompanying science investigation on the New Horizons spacecraft to measure pick-up ions from Pluto's outgassing atmosphere. To the extent that Pluto retains its characteristics similar to those of a "heavy comet" as detected in stellar occultations since the early 1980s, these measurements will characterize the neutral atmosphere of Pluto while providing a consistency check on the atmospheric escape rate at the encounter epoch with that deduced from the atmospheric structure at lower altitudes by the ALICE, REX, and SWAP experiments on New Horizons. In addition, PEPSSI will characterize any extended ionosphere and solar wind interaction while also characterizing the energetic particle environment of Pluto, Charon, and their associated system. First proposed for development for the Pluto Express mission in September 1993, what became the PEPSSI instrument went through a number of development stages to meet the...

McNutt, Ralph L; Gurnee, Reid S; Hill, Matthew E; Cooper, Kim A; Andrews, G Bruce; Keath, Edwin P; Krimigis, Stamatios M; Mitchell, Donald G; Tossman, Barry; Bagenal, Fran; Boldt, John D; Bradley, Walter; Devereux, William S; Ho, George C; Jaskulek, Stephen E; LeFevere, Thomas W; Malcom, Horace; Marcus, Geoffrey A; Hayes, John R; Moore, G Ty; Williams, Bruce D; Wilson, Paul; Brown, L E; Kusterer, M; Vandegriff, J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

A disconnect between O horizon and mineral soil carbon - Implications for soil C sequestration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Changing inputs of carbon to soil is one means of potentially increasing carbon sequestration in soils for the purpose of mitigating projected increases in atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations. The effect of manipulations of aboveground carbon input on soil carbon storage was tested in a temperate, deciduous forest in east Tennessee, USA. A 4.5-year experiment included exclusion of aboveground litterfall and supplemental litter additions (three times ambient) in an upland and a valley that differed in soil nitrogen availability. The estimated decomposition rate of the carbon stock in the O horizon was greater in the valley than in the upland due to higher litter quality (i.e., lower C/N ratios). Short-term litter exclusion or addition had no effect on carbon stock in the mineral soil, measured to a depth of 30 cm, or the partitioning of carbon in the mineral soil between particulate- and mineral-associated organic matter. A two-compartment model was used to interpret results from the field experiments. Field data and a sensitivity analysis of the model were consistent with little carbon transfer between the O horizon and the mineral soil. Increasing aboveground carbon input does not appear to be an effective means of promoting carbon sequestration in forest soil at the location of the present study because a disconnect exists in carbon dynamics between O horizon and mineral soil. Factors that directly increase inputs to belowground soil carbon, via roots, or reduce decomposition rates of organic matter are more likely to benefit efforts to increase carbon sequestration in forests where carbon dynamics in the O horizon are uncoupled from the mineral soil.

Garten Jr, Charles T [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Vibration Testing of the Pluto/New Horizons Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator  

SciTech Connect

The Radioisotopic Thermal Generator (RTG) for the Pluto/New Horizons spacecraft was subjected to a flight dynamic acceptance test to demonstrate that it would perform successfully following launch. Seven RTGs of this type had been assembled and tested at Mound, Ohio from 1984 to 1997. This paper chronicles major events in establishing a new vibration test laboratory at the Idaho National Laboratory and the nineteen days of dynamic testing.

Charles D. Griffin

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Principal Investigator (PI) Conference Sponsored by the NSTC SOST, hosted by the University of South Florida  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Principal Investigator (PI) Conference Sponsored Ballroom · Oil/dispersant - extent and fate Tom Ryerson, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration · Oil/dispersant - impacts and mitigation in coastal

Meyers, Steven D.

163

Coordinating Inventory Control and Pricing Strategies with Random Demand and Fixed Ordering Cost: the Infinite Horizon Case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze an infinite horizon, single product, periodic review model in which pricing and production/inventory decisions are made simultaneously. Demands in different periods are identically distributed random variables ...

Chen, Xin

164

Horizon Wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) does not have regulatory authority specific to wind power development at this time. WDFW is an agency with environmental expertise as provided for through the Washington Administrative Code (WAC) 197-11-920. Comments related to environmental impacts are provided to regulatory authorities through the State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA) Revised Code of Washington (RCW) 43.21C review process.

Cover Photo; Nina Carter; Heath Packard; Lisa Paribello; Craig Dublanko; Dana Peck; Nicole Hughes; Bill Robinson; Robert Kruse; Arlo Corwin; Joe Buchanan; Ted Clausing; Eric Cummins; Travis Nelson; Eric Pentico; Mike Ritter; Jeff Tayer; James Watson; William Weiler; David Mcclure

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Image Gallery : Image Details. 72 DPI Image 150 DPI Image No 300 DPI Version. Title: Frequency Comb, Ultrafast Laser. ...

166

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Image Gallery : Image Details. 72 DPI Image 150 DPI Image No 300 DPI Version. Title: Iron-Based Superconductors. Description ...

167

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Image Gallery : Image Details. 72 DPI Image 150 DPI Image No 300 DPI Version. Title: Space Weather Forecasts. Description ...

168

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Image Gallery : Image Details. 72 DPI Image 150 DPI Image No 300 DPI Version. Title: Organic Solar Power. Description ...

169

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 72 DPI Image © 150 DPI Image © 300 DPI Image ©. Title: Nanotechnology; Biotechnology/Health; Nanocrystals; Hwang. ...

170

Artistic minimal rendering with lines and blocks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many non-photorealistic rendering techniques exist to produce artistic effects from given images. Inspired by various artists, interesting effects can be produced by using a minimal rendering, where the minimum refers to the number of tones as well as ... Keywords: Image abstraction, Line drawing, Non-photorealistic rendering, Tonal blocks

Paul L. Rosin, Yu-Kun Lai

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Fast Wave Polarization, Charge Horizons and the Time Evolution of Force-Free Magnetospheres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical simulations of force-free, degenerate (ffde)pulsar and black hole magnetospheres are often based on 1-D characteristics. In particular, the plasma wave polarizations that can be propagated along the 1-D characteristics determine the time evolution of the entire system. There are two sets of characteristics,corresponding to the fast and Alfven modes. The fast wave is generally considered to be a transverse light wave, however recently it has been claimed that light-like fast waves can transport a longitudinal electric polarization, $E_{\\parallel}$, at the speed of light. The implication is quite profound if true, namely that the wrong information has been propagated along the fast characteristics in all previous simulations of force-free magnetospheres. It is shown in this Letter that the light-like fast waves must be transverse and previous simulations are valid. This result is demonstrated by means of a fundamental physical principle (associated with the fact that particles cannot flow faster than the speed of light), there exists a charge horizon in ffde magnetospheres. It is shown that the Alfven critical surfaces in a ffde magnetosphere are both charge and particle horizons, i.e. one way membranes that do not permit traversal by charges nor particles anti-directed to the bulk flow. Since the propagation of a discontinuous change in $E_{\\parallel}$ requires a physical surface charge on the wave-face, it is also a one-way membrane for longitudinally polarized waves. Besides justifying previous ffde simulations this result also invalidates previous claims that fast waves can radiate $E_{\\parallel}$ from the event horizon of a black hole.

Brian Punsly

2004-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

172

Reconciling Change in Oi-Horizon Carbon-14 with Mass Loss for an Oak Forest  

SciTech Connect

First-year litter decomposition was estimated for an upland-oak forest ecosystem using enrichment or dilution of the 14C-signature of the Oi-horizon. These isotopically-based mass-loss estimates were contrasted with measured mass-loss rates from past litterbag studies. Mass-loss derived from changes in the 14C-signature of the Oi-horizon suggested mean mass loss over 9 months of 45% which was higher than the corresponding 9-month rate extrapolated from litterbag studies (~35%). Greater mass loss was expected from the isotopic approach because litterbags are known to limit mass loss processes driven by soil macrofauna (e.g., fragmentation and comminution). Although the 14C-isotope approach offers the advantage of being a non-invasive method, it exhibited high variability that undermined its utility as an alternative to routine litterbag mass loss methods. However, the 14C approach measures the residence time of C in the leaf litter, rather than the time it takes for leaves to disappear; hence radiocarbon measures reflect C immobilization and recycling in the microbial pool, and do not necessarily replicate results from litterbag mass loss. The commonly applied two-compartment isotopic mixing model was appropriate for estimating decomposition from isotopic enrichment of near-background soils, but it produced divergent results for isotopic dilution of a multi-layered system with litter cohorts having independent 14C-signatures. This discrepancy suggests that cohort-based models are needed to adequately capture the complex processes involved in carbon transport associated with litter mass-loss. Such models will be crucial for predicting intra- and interannual differences in organic horizon decomposition driven by scenarios of climatic change.

Hanson, Paul J [ORNL; Swanston, Christopher W. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Garten Jr, Charles T [ORNL; Todd Jr, Donald E [ORNL; Trumbore, Susan E. [University of California, Irvine

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Reconciling Change in Oi-Horizon 14C With Mass Loss for an Oak Forest  

SciTech Connect

First-year litter decomposition was estimated for an upland-oak forest ecosystem using enrichment or dilution of the {sup 14}C-signature of the Oi-horizon. These isotopically-based mass-loss estimates were contrasted with measured mass-loss rates from past litterbag studies. Mass-loss derived from changes in the {sup 14}C-signature of the Oi-horizon suggested mean mass loss over 9 months of 45% which was higher than the corresponding 9-month rate extrapolated from litterbag studies ({approx}35%). Greater mass loss was expected from the isotopic approach because litterbags are known to limit mass loss processes driven by soil macrofauna (e.g., fragmentation and comminution). Although the {sup 14}C-isotope approach offers the advantage of being a non-invasive method, it exhibited high variability that undermined its utility as an alternative to routine litterbag mass loss methods. However, the {sup 14}C approach measures the residence time of C in the leaf litter, rather than the time it takes for leaves to disappear; hence radiocarbon measures are subject to C immobilization and recycling in the microbial pool, and do not necessarily reflect results from litterbag mass loss. The commonly applied two-compartment isotopic mixing model was appropriate for estimating decomposition from isotopic enrichment of near-background soils, but it produced divergent results for isotopic dilution of a multi-layered system with litter cohorts having independent {sup 14}C-signatures. This discrepancy suggests that cohort-based models are needed to adequately capture the complex processes involved in carbon transport associated with litter mass-loss. Such models will be crucial for predicting intra- and interannual differences in organic horizon decomposition driven by scenarios of climatic change.

Hanson, P J; Swanston, C W; Garten, Jr., C T; Todd, D E; Trumbore, S E

2005-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

174

DOE's Portal to Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Data  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

On April 20, 2010, the Deepwater Horizon platform in the Gulf of Mexico exploded. The explosion and fire killed and injured workers on the oil rig, and caused major releases of oil and gas into the Gulf for several months. The Department of Energy, in keeping with the Obama Administrations ongoing commitment to transparency, provided online access to data and information related to the response to the BP oil spill. Included are schematics, pressure tests, diagnostic results, video clips, and other data. There are also links to the ôRestore the Gulfö website, to the trajectory forecasts from NOAA, and oil spill information from the Environmental Protection Agency.

175

Horizon effects for surface waves in wave channels and circular jumps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface waves in classical fluids experience a rich array of black/white hole horizon effects. The dispersion relation depends on the characteristics of the fluid (in our case, water and silicon oil) as well as on the fluid depth and the wavelength regime. In some cases, it can be tuned to obtain a relativistic regime plus high-frequency dispersive effects. We discuss two types of ongoing analogue white-hole experiments: deep water waves propagating against a counter-current in a wave channel and shallow waves on a circular hydraulic jump.

Jannes, Gil; Chaline, Jennifer; Maïssa, Philippe; Mathis, Christian; Rousseaux, Germain

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

New Horizons Science Photos from NASA's Pluto-Kuiper Belt Mission  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The images can be searched by keywords, by date, or by subject topic. They can also be browsed as an entire list. Each image has a detailed description.

177

Radiation Hydrodynamics in Kerr Spacetime: Equations without Coordinate Singularity at the Event Horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Equations of fully general relativistic radiation hydrodynamics around a rotating black hole are derived by using the Kerr-Schild coordinate where there is no coordinate singularity at the event horizon. Since the radiation interacts with matter moving with relativistic velocities near the event horizon, the interplay between the radiation and the matter should be described fully relativistically. In the formalism used in this study, while the interactions between matter and radiation are introduced in the comoving frame, the equations and the equations and the derivatives for the description of the global evolution of both matter and the radiation are given in the Kerr-Schild frame (KSF) which is a frame fixed to the coordinate describing the central black hole. As a frame fixed to the coordinate, we use the locally non-rotating reference frame (LNRF) representing a radially falling frame when the Kerr-Schild coordinate is used. Around the rotating black hole, both the matter and the radiation are affected by the frame-dragging effects.

Rohta Takahashi

2007-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

178

Quantum backreaction of massive fields and self-consistent semiclassical extreme black holes and acceleration horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the effect of backreaction of quantized massive fields on the metric of extreme black holes (EBH). We find the analytical approximate expression for the stress-energy tensor for a scalar (with an arbitrary coupling), spinor and vector fields near an event horizon. We show that, independent of a concrete type of EBH, the energy measured by a freely falling observer is finite on the horizon, so that quantum backreaction is consistent with the existence of EBH. For the Reissner-Nordstrom EBH with a total mass M_{tot} and charge Q we show that for all cases of physical interest M_{tot}< Q. We also discuss different types of quantum-corrected Bertotti-Robinson spacetimes, find for them exact self-consistent solutions and consider situations in which tiny quantum corrections lead to the qualitative change of the classical geometry and topology. In all cases one should start not from a classical background with further adding quantum corrections but from the quantum-corrected self-consistent geometries from the very beginning.

J. Matyjasek; O. B. Zaslavskii

2001-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

179

Assembly and Testing of a Radioisotope Power System for the New Horizons Spacecraft  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) recently fueled and assembled a radioisotope power system (RPS) that was used upon the New Horizons spacecraft which was launched in January 2006. New Horizons is the first mission to the last planet - the initial reconnaissance of Pluto-Charon and the Kuiper Belt, exploring the mysterious worlds at the edge of our solar system. The RPS otherwise known as a "space battery" converts thermal heat into electrical energy. The thermal heat source contains plutonium dioxide in the form of ceramic pellets encapsulated in iridium metal. The space battery was assembled in a new facility at the Idaho National Laboratory site near Idaho Falls, Idaho. The new facility has all the fueling and testing capabilities including the following: the ability to handle all the shipping containers currently certified to ship Pu-238, the ability to fuel a variety of RPS designs, the ability to perform vibrational testing to simulate transportation and launch environments, welding systems, a center of mass determination device, and various other support systems.

Kenneth E. Rosenberg; Stephen G. Johnson

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

The Pluto Energetic Particle Spectrometer Science Investigation (PEPSSI) on New Horizons. Space Sci. Rev., this volume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Pluto Energetic Particle Spectrometer Science Investigation (PEPSSI) comprises the hardware and accompanying science investigation on the New Horizons spacecraft to measure pick-up ions from Pluto’s outgassing atmosphere. To the extent that Pluto retains its characteristics similar to those of a “heavy comet ” as detected in stellar occultations since the early 1980s, these measurements will characterize the neutral atmosphere of Pluto while providing a consistency check on the atmospheric escape rate at the encounter epoch with that deduced from the atmospheric structure at lower altitudes by the ALICE, REX, and SWAP experiments on New Horizons. In addition, PEPSSI will characterize any extended ionosphere and solar wind interaction while also characterizing the energetic particle environment of Pluto, Charon, and their associated system. First proposed for development for the Pluto Express mission in September 1993, what became the PEPSSI instrument went through a number of development stages to meet the requirements of such an instrument for a mission to Pluto while minimizing the required spacecraft resources. The PEPSSI instrument provides for measurements of ions (with compositional information) and electrons from 10s of keV to ~1 MeV in a 120 ° x 12 ° fan-shaped beam in six sectors for 1.5 kg and ~2.5

Ralph L. Mcnutt; Stefano A. Livi; Reid S. Gurnee; Matthew E. Hill; Kim A; G. Bruce Andrews; Edwin P. Keath; Stamatios M. Krimigis; Donald G; Barry Tossman; Fran Bagenal; John D. Boldt; Walter Bradley; William S; George C. Ho; Stephen E. Jaskulek; Thomas W. Lefevere; Geoffrey A. Marcus; John R. Hayes; G. Ty Moore; Bruce D. Williams; Wilson Iv; L. E. Brown; M. Kusterer

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The Pluto Energetic Particle Spectrometer Science Investigation (PEPSSI) on the New Horizons Mission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Pluto Energetic Particle Spectrometer Science Investigation (PEPSSI) comprises the hardware and accompanying science investigation on the New Horizons spacecraft to measure pick-up ions from Pluto's outgassing atmosphere. To the extent that Pluto retains its characteristics similar to those of a "heavy comet" as detected in stellar occultations since the early 1980s, these measurements will characterize the neutral atmosphere of Pluto while providing a consistency check on the atmospheric escape rate at the encounter epoch with that deduced from the atmospheric structure at lower altitudes by the ALICE, REX, and SWAP experiments on New Horizons. In addition, PEPSSI will characterize any extended ionosphere and solar wind interaction while also characterizing the energetic particle environment of Pluto, Charon, and their associated system. First proposed for development for the Pluto Express mission in September 1993, what became the PEPSSI instrument went through a number of development stages to meet the requirements of such an instrument for a mission to Pluto while minimizing the required spacecraft resources. The PEPSSI instrument provides for measurements of ions (with compositional information) and electrons from 10s of keV to ~1 MeV in a 120 deg x 12 deg fan-shaped beam in six sectors for 1.5 kg and ~2.5 W.

Ralph L. McNutt, Jr.; Stefano A. Livi; Reid S. Gurnee; Matthew E. Hill; Kim A. Cooper; G. Bruce Andrews; Edwin P. Keath; Stamatios M. Krimigis; Donald G. Mitchell; Barry Tossman; Fran Bagenal; John D. Boldt; Walter Bradley; William S. Devereux; George C. Ho; Stephen E. Jaskulek; Thomas W. LeFevere; Horace Malcom; Geoffrey A. Marcus; John R. Hayes; G. Ty Moore; Bruce D. Williams; Paul Wilson IV; L. E. Brown; M. Kusterer; J. Vandegriff

2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

182

Modeling the horizon-absorbed gravitational flux for equatorial-circular orbits in Kerr spacetime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose an improved analytical model for the horizon-absorbed gravitational-wave energy flux of a small body in circular orbit in the equatorial plane of a Kerr black hole. Post-Newtonian (PN) theory provides an analytical description of the multipolar components of the absorption flux through Taylor expansions in the orbital frequency. Building on previous work, we construct a mode-by-mode factorization of the absorbed flux whose Taylor expansion agrees with current PN results. This factorized form significantly improves the agreement with numerical results obtained with a frequency-domain Teukolsky code, which evolves through a sequence of circular orbits up to the photon orbit. We perform the comparison between model and numerical data for dimensionless Kerr spins $-0.99 \\leq q \\leq 0.99$ and for frequencies up to the light ring of the Kerr black hole. Our proposed model enforces the presence of a zero in the flux at an orbital frequency equal to the frequency of the horizon, as predicted by perturbation theory. It also reproduces the expected divergence of the flux close to the light ring. Neither of these features are captured by the Taylor-expanded PN flux. Our proposed absorption flux can also help improve models for the inspiral, merger, ringdown of small mass-ratio binary systems.

Andrea Taracchini; Alessandra Buonanno; Scott A. Hughes; Gaurav Khanna

2013-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

183

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 72 DPI Image © 150 DPI Image © 300 DPI Image ©. Title: Quantum Physics; Quantum Communications; Ultrafast Photon Detector; Nam. ...

184

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 72 DPI Image © 150 DPI Image © 300 DPI Image ©. Title: Energy; Fossil Fuels;Distillation Curves for Complex Fuel Mixtures. ...

185

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 72 DPI Image © 150 DPI Image © 300 DPI Image ©. Title: Scanning Electron Microscope with Spin Polarization Analysis. ...

186

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 72 DPI Image © 150 DPI Image © 300 DPI Image ©. Title: Metrology, Basic Units; Mass; Electronic Kilogram. Description ...

187

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... nist.gov. 72 DPI Image © 150 DPI Image © 300 DPI Image ©. Title: Public safety & Smart Grid. Description: Electrical engineer ...

188

Microbial gene functions enriched in the Deepwater Horizon deep-sea oil plume  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is the deepest and largest offshore spill in U.S. history and its impacts on marine ecosystems are largely unknown. Here, we showed that the microbial community functional composition and structure were dramatically altered in a deep-sea oil plume resulting from the spill. A variety of metabolic genes involved in both aerobic and anaerobic hydrocarbon degradation were highly enriched in the plume compared to outside the plume, indicating a great potential for intrinsic bioremediation or natural attenuation in the deep-sea. Various other microbial functional genes relevant to carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur and iron cycling, metal resistance, and bacteriophage replication were also enriched in the plume. Together, these results suggest that the indigenous marine microbial communities could play a significant role in biodegradation of oil spills in deep-sea environments.

Lu, Z.; Deng, Y.; Nostrand, J.D. Van; He, Z.; Voordeckers, J.; Zhou, A.; Lee, Y.-J.; Mason, O.U.; Dubinsky, E.; Chavarria, K.; Tom, L.; Fortney, J.; Lamendella, R.; Jansson, J.K.; D?haeseleer, P.; Hazen, T.C.; Zhou, J.

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

189

Coal rank distribution within the Bluesky-Gething stratigraphic horizon of Northeast B.C  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The top of the Gething Formation is one of the more important formational picks routinely performed by the oil and gas industry during their exploratory and development drilling as this horizon is very c:ontinuous through northeastern British Columbia and much of northern Alberta. The name Bluesky is given to the rock unit which occupies this stratigraphic level, namely a sandstone-conglomerate unit of marine origin which separates the continental coal measures of the Gething Formation from thc overlying marine shales of the Moosebar Formation (see Fig. 32). The Bluesky is commonly glauconitic.and has a variable thickness (0 to 50 metres1 over relatively short distances and most likely represents shoreline deposition of the rapidly transgressing Clearwater Sea from the north. The Bluesky-Gething is an important petroleum producer in the Fort St. John area. MOOSEBAR FM

R. H. Karst; G. V. White; Gethlng Fm

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

LA-UR-07-7264 New Horizons and the Onset of the Pioneer Anomaly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of the radio tracking data from the Pioneer 10/11 spacecraft at distances between about 20- 70 AU from the Sun has indicated the presence of an unmodeled, small, constant, Doppler blue shift which can be interpreted as a constant acceleration of aP = (8.74 ± 1.33) × 10 ?8 cm/s 2 directed approximately towards the Sun. In addition, there is early (roughly modeled) data from as close in as 5 AU which indicates there may have been an onset of the anomaly near Saturn. We observe that the data now arriving from the New Horizons mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt could allow a relatively easy, direct experimental test of whether this onset is associated with distance from the Sun (being, for example, an effect of drag on dark matter). We strongly urge that this test be done.

Michael Martin Nieto

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Constraints on Dark Energy from the Observed Expansion of our Cosmic Horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Within the context of standard cosmology, an accelerating universe requires the presence of a third `dark' component of energy, beyond matter and radiation. The available data, however, are still deemed insufficient to distinguish between an evolving dark energy component and the simplest model of a time-independent cosmological constant. In this paper, we examine the cosmological expansion in terms of observer-dependent coordinates, in addition to the more conventional co-moving coordinates. This procedure explicitly reveals the role played by the radius R_h of our cosmic horizon in the interrogation of the data. (In Rindler's notation, R_h coincides with the `event horizon' in the case of de Sitter, but changes in time for other cosmologies that also contain matter and/or radiation.) With this approach, we show that the interpretation of dark energy as a cosmological constant is clearly disfavored by the observations. Within the framework of standard Friedman-Robertson-Walker cosmology, we derive an equation describing the evolution of R_h, and solve it using the WMAP and Type Ia supernova data. In particular, we consider the meaning of the observed equality (or near equality) R_h(t_0) ~ ct_0, where t_0 is the age of the Universe. This empirical result is far from trivial, for a cosmological constant would drive R_h(t) towards ct (where t is the cosmic time) only once--and that would have to occur right now. Though we are not here espousing any particular alternative model of dark energy, for comparison we also consider scenarios in which dark energy is given by scaling solutions, which simultaneously eliminate several conundrums in the standard model, including the `coincidence' and `flatness' problems, and account very well for the fact that R_h(t_0) ~ ct_0.

Fulvio Melia

2008-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

192

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Image Gallery : Image Details. 72 DPI Image No 150 DPI Version 300 DPI Image. Title: Ultrafast Laser Speeds Up Quest for Atomic Control. ...

193

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Image Gallery : Image Details. 72 DPI Image 150 DPI Image No 300 DPI Version. Title: House; Trees. Description: *BFRL. Subjects (names): ...

194

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 72 DPI Image © 150 DPI Image © 300 DPI Image ©. Title: New Imaging Tool is Boon to Fuel Cell Research. Description: NIST ...

195

MODEL PREDICTIVE CONTROL OF A MICROGRID WITH PLUG-IN VEHICLES: ERROR MODELING AND THE ROLE OF PREDICTION HORIZON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

typically covers a small geographic area and contains both loads and localized energy generation and storage, and the con- trol is optimized for minimum generator fuel usage. A variety of horizons and levels in increased use of battery storage, this does not necessarily pro- duce significant decreases in fuel usage

Papalambros, Panos

196

An Opportunity for Long-Distance Oceanographic and Meteorological Monitoring Using Over-the-Horizon Defense Radars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ocean-monitoring tasks can be added to military over-the-horizon radars at modest incremental cost. A surface-wind-direction analysis for the Caribbean made with a U.S. Navy radar illustrates one capability of such a system. Surface wind speed ...

T. M. Georges; G. D. Thome

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

International Energy Outlook 2002  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2. World Energy Consumption, 1970-2020 (Quadrillion Btu). For more detailed information, contact the National Energy Information Center at (202) 586-8800. horizonal line image...

198

Full Size Image - Energy Innovation Portal  

A seismic line from Ai Pim Western Siberia oil field was used to image two different types of oil-saturated reservoirs.

199

Nuclear reactor overflow line  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The overflow line for the reactor vessel of a liquid-metal-cooled nuclear reactor includes means for establishing and maintaining a continuous bleed flow of coolant amounting to 5 to 10% of the total coolant flow through the overflow line to prevent thermal shock to the overflow line when the reactor is restarted following a trip. Preferably a tube is disposed concentrically just inside the overflow line extending from a point just inside the reactor vessel to an overflow tank and a suction line is provided opening into the body of liquid metal in the reactor vessel and into the annulus between the overflow line and the inner tube.

Severson, Wayne J. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Skew estimation of document images using bagging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a general-purpose method for estimating the skew angles of document images. Rather than to derive a skew angle merely from text lines, the proposed method exploits various types of visual cues of image skew available in local image ... Keywords: bagging estimator, document image analysis, floating cascade, radon transform, skew estimation

Gaofeng Meng; Chunhong Pan; Nanning Zheng; Chen Sun

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

North Australian Cloud Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A satellite classification and climatology of propagating mesoscale cloud fines in northern Australia is presented. These cloud fines range from long, narrow lines of shallow convection to extensive deep convective squall lines with mesoscale ...

W. Drosdowsky; G. J. Holland

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Characterization of Planar Transmission Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... References on: On-Wafer Measurement and Calibration, Planar Transmission Line Characterization and Multiconductor Transmission Lines. ...

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

203

ABSTRACT The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Disaster: A Graphical Assessment of its Impact on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Deepwater Horizon oil spill occurred in the Gulf of Mexico on April 20, 2010. Considered the largest accidental marine oil spill in history, oil flowed for three months and approximately five million barrels of oil spilled through by mid-July 2010. In this report, we analyse fish and bird data to assess the impact of the oil spill on the Gulf wildlife. Our findings based on the available fish data for 2005, 2006, and 2010 are not very helpful to make a judgement on the negative impact of the oil spill on fish species. On the other hand, the bird data analysis shows that the closer the surface oil spill area approached to bird habitats, the more dead birds were observed. The highest number of dead birds was observed in July and August when birds bred and raised their offspring. However, the migration behaviour of different bird species makes it impossible to entirely estimate the full impact of the oil spill on birds. (362 pages) iii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I would like to thank my advisor Dr. Jürgen Symanzik for spending countless hours in assistance and guidance over the completion of this project. His wisdom,

Anvar Suyundikov; Dr. Jürgen Symanzik

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

OBSERVATIONS OF ISOTROPIC INTERSTELLAR PICK-UP IONS AT 11 AND 17 AU FROM NEW HORIZONS  

SciTech Connect

We report new observations by the Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) instrument on the New Horizons spacecraft of an energy-per-charge (E/q) spectrum of interstellar pick-up ions (PUIs) from an unprecedented heliocentric distance of 17 AU. This E/q spectrum is fit well by an isotropic PUI distribution function combined with the detailed response of the SWAP instrument. In contrast to earlier work, we are also able to fit an isotropic PUI model to an E/q spectrum measured by SWAP at 11.3 AU by explicitly including two additional effects. These are (1) the E/q-dependent geometric factor of SWAP, which increases with decreasing E/q owing to effects associated with the post-acceleration of particles exiting the electrostatic analyzer portion of the instrument; and (2) a solar wind distribution, the model spectrum of which contributes significantly to the low-E/q part of the overall model owing, presumably, to secondary particles produced within the instrument.

Randol, B. M.; McComas, D. J. [Physics and Astronomy Department, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX (United States); Elliott, H. A. [Space Science and Engineering Division, Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX (United States); Gosling, J. T. [Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); Schwadron, N. A., E-mail: brentrandol@gmail.com [Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans and Space, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States)

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

205

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 72 DPI Image © 150 DPI Image © 300 DPI Image ©. Title: Homeland Security; Chem., Bio, and Other Threats; Standards for Radiation Detection. ...

206

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Image Gallery : Image Details. No 72 DPI Version No 150 DPI Version 300 DPI Image. Title: Gold Nano Anchors Put Nanowires in Their Place. ...

207

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 72 DPI Image © 150 DPI Image © 300 DPI Image ©. Title: Iron-based and Copper-Oxide High-Temperature Superconductors. ...

208

Texas Tech Toxicologists Use Duck Eggs to Study Effects of Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill http://texas-oil-spill-classaction.org/texas-tech-toxicologists-use-duck-eggs-to-study-effects-of-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill/[8/2/2011 1:44:16 PM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Texas Tech Toxicologists Use Duck Eggs to Study Effects of Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill http://texas-oil-spill-classaction.org/texas-tech-toxicologists-use-duck-eggs-to-study-effects-of-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill/[8/2/2011 1:44:16 PM] « US Approves First Deep-Water Oil Well in Gulf Since BP Spill Texas Tech

Rock, Chris

209

Near-horizon limit of the charged BTZ black hole and AdS_2 quantum gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the 3D charged Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli (BTZ) black hole solution interpolates between two different 2D AdS spacetimes: a near-extremal, near-horizon AdS_2 geometry with constant dilaton and U(1) field and an asymptotic AdS_2 geometry with a linear dilaton. Thus, the charged BTZ black hole can be considered as interpolating between the two different formulations proposed until now for AdS_2 quantum gravity. In both cases the theory is the chiral half of a 2D CFT and describes, respectively, Brown-Hennaux-like boundary deformations and near-horizon excitations. The central charge c_as of the asymptotic CFT is determined by 3D Newton constant G and the AdS length l, c_as=3l/G, whereas that of the near-horizon CFT also depends on the U(1) charge Q, c_nh \\propto l Q/\\sqrt G.

Mariano Cadoni; Mohammad R. Setare

2008-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

210

Self-training for handwritten text line recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Off-line handwriting recognition deals with the task of automatically recognizing handwritten text from images, for example from scanned sheets of paper. Due to the tremendous variations of writing styles encountered between different individuals, this ...

Volkmar Frinken; Horst Bunke

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Germ-line Allele  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Germ-line Allele Germ-line Allele Name: Rachel Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Can you please explain a "germ-line allele" to me! It is very important for a research paper I am writing about breast cancer. Replies: Mutations in genes are only able to be passed to the offspring if they are found in gametes (egg, sperm) mutations that occur in body cells other than gametes are usually not important because the cells can be replaced and they die eventually. The only way a characteristic can be passed to the offspring is through the eggs and sperm, so if there is a mutation in one these cells, the offspring can inherit the mutation. So a germ-line cell is a gamete. And a germ line allele is a version of the trait that is passed to the offspring through the germ line cell (or gamete).

212

Series Transmission Line Transformer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A series transmission line transformer is set forth which includes two or more of impedance matched sets of at least two transmissions lines such as shielded cables, connected in parallel at one end ans series at the other in a cascading fashion. The cables are wound about a magnetic core. The series transmission line transformer (STLT) which can provide for higher impedance ratios and bandwidths, which is scalable, and which is of simpler design and construction.

Buckles, Robert A. (Livermore, CA); Booth, Rex (Livermore, CA); Yen, Boris T. (El Cerrito, CA)

2004-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

213

New Construction of Distribution Lines, Service Lines, and Appurtenant...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Resources Outside Residential Subdivisions (New York) New Construction of Distribution Lines, Service Lines, and Appurtenant Facilities in Certain Visually Significant...

214

The Three-Dimensional Interpretation of a Class of Simple Line-Drawings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a theory of the three-dimensional interpretation of a class of line-drawings called p-images, which are interpreted by the human vision system as parallelepipeds ("boxes"). Despite their simplicity, p-images ...

Marill, Thomas

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Power line detection system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A short-range, radio frequency (RF) transmitting-receiving system that provides both visual and audio warnings to the pilot of a helicopter or light aircraft of an up-coming power transmission line complex. Small, milliwatt-level narrowband transmitters, powered by the transmission line itself, are installed on top of selected transmission line support towers or within existing warning balls, and provide a continuous RF signal to approaching aircraft. The on-board receiver can be either a separate unit or a portion of the existing avionics, and can also share an existing antenna with another airborne system. Upon receipt of a warning signal, the receiver will trigger a visual and an audio alarm to alert the pilot to the potential power line hazard. 4 figs.

Latorre, V.R.; Watwood, D.B.

1994-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

216

Electric Transmission Lines (Iowa)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Electric transmission lines capable of operating at 69 kV or greater cannot be constructed along, across, or over any public highways or grounds outside of cities without a franchise from the...

217

Power line detection system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A short-range, radio frequency (RF) transmitting-receiving system that provides both visual and audio warnings to the pilot of a helicopter or light aircraft of an up-coming power transmission line complex. Small, milliwatt-level narrowband transmitters, powered by the transmission line itself, are installed on top of selected transmission line support towers or within existing warning balls, and provide a continuous RF signal to approaching aircraft. The on-board receiver can be either a separate unit or a portion of the existing avionics, and can also share an existing antenna with another airborne system. Upon receipt of a warning signal, the receiver will trigger a visual and an audio alarm to alert the pilot to the potential power line hazard.

Latorre, Victor R. (Tracy, CA); Watwood, Donald B. (Tracy, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Backscatter absorption gas imaging system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A video imaging system for detecting hazardous gas leaks. Visual displays of invisible gas clouds are produced by radiation augmentation of the field of view of an imaging device by radiation corresponding to an absorption line of the gas to be detected. The field of view of an imager is irradiated by a laser. The imager receives both backscattered laser light and background radiation. When a detectable gas is present, the backscattered laser light is highly attenuated, producing a region of contrast or shadow on the image. A flying spot imaging system is utilized to synchronously irradiate and scan the area to lower laser power requirements. The imager signal is processed to produce a video display.

McRae, Jr., Thomas G. (Livermore, CA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Transmission Line Grounding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2008, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) published a comprehensive grounding report. Published in two parts, the report covered the theoretical and practical aspects of transmission line grounding practices. To further improve the tools available for grounding analysis, an investigation into practical ways to calculate the fault current distribution and ground potential rise of the transmission line grounding system was conducted. Furthermore, a survey of utilities has documented industry pr...

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

220

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 72 DPI Image 150 DPI Image No 300 DPI Version. Title: NIST Finds that Ethanol-Loving Bacteria Accelerate Cracking of Pipeline Steels. ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Transmission line capital costs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The displacement or deferral of conventional AC transmission line installation is a key benefit associated with several technologies being developed with the support of the U.S. Department of Energy`s Office of Energy Management (OEM). Previous benefits assessments conducted within OEM have been based on significantly different assumptions for the average cost per mile of AC transmission line. In response to this uncertainty, an investigation of transmission line capital cost data was initiated. The objective of this study was to develop a database for preparing preliminary estimates of transmission line costs. An extensive search of potential data sources identified databases maintained by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) as superior sources of transmission line cost data. The BPA and WAPA data were adjusted to a common basis and combined together. The composite database covers voltage levels from 13.8 to 765 W, with cost estimates for a given voltage level varying depending on conductor size, tower material type, tower frame type, and number of circuits. Reported transmission line costs vary significantly, even for a given voltage level. This can usually be explained by variation in the design factors noted above and variation in environmental and land (right-of-way) costs, which are extremely site-specific. Cost estimates prepared from the composite database were compared to cost data collected by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) for investor-owned utilities from across the United States. The comparison was hampered because the only design specifications included with the FERC data were voltage level and line length. Working within this limitation, the FERC data were not found to differ significantly from the composite database. Therefore, the composite database was judged to be a reasonable proxy for estimating national average costs.

Hughes, K.R.; Brown, D.R.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Two Line Subject Title One Line Title  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Title IX, Subtitle J (EPAct Title IX, Subtitle J (EPAct 2005) Complementary Program - Office of Research and Development September 2008 2 3 Complementary Program NETL - ORD * Areas of research - Drilling Under Extreme Conditions - Environmental Impacts of Oil and Gas - Enhanced and Unconventional Oil Recovery - Resource Assessment * Institute for Advanced Energy Solutions - West Virginia University, Carnegie-Mellon University, and University of Pittsburgh * Penn State University and Oregon State University 4 Drilling Under Extreme Conditions * Ultra-deep single cutter drilling simulator - Recreates bottom-hole drilling environment of ultra-deep wells (30,000 psi and 481 o F) - Delivered to NETL later this year - Operates with real drilling fluids - X-ray video system images cuttings - Verify the results of the full bit

223

New Construction of Distribution Lines, Service Lines, and Appurtenant  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Construction of Distribution Lines, Service Lines, and New Construction of Distribution Lines, Service Lines, and Appurtenant Facilities in Certain Visually Significant Resources Outside Residential Subdivisions (New York) New Construction of Distribution Lines, Service Lines, and Appurtenant Facilities in Certain Visually Significant Resources Outside Residential Subdivisions (New York) < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New York Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider New York State Public Service Commission Any proposed construction of distribution lines, service lines, and appurtenant facilities to electric utilities located near scenic areas of

224

2005 EIA-821 SURVEY: LINE-BY-LINE REFERENCE GUIDE  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

2010 EIA-821 SURVEY: LINE-BY-LINE REFERENCE GUIDE. Kerosene. ... • Geothermal energy drilling company • Logging company •Privately owned port or loading dock

225

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Title: Scanning tunneling microscope; Semiconductor; Spintronics. Description: [Left] A high resolution STM image of a manganese ...

226

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Title: Nanotechnology--Nanomanufacturing; Optical Nano Vision. Description: A new optical imaging technology under ...

227

SPIE Medical Imaging Medical Imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 SPIE Medical Imaging 2006 1 Medical Imaging Fundamentals Kenneth H. Wong, Ph.D. Division of Computer Assisted Interventions and Medical Robotics (CAIMR) Imaging Science and Information Systems (ISIS) Center Department of Radiology Georgetown University SPIE Medical Imaging 2006 2 Main Themes · Describe

Miga, Michael I.

228

2009 NIST Presents the Bio-Imaging Technologies Showcase ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 3D imaging of HIV transmission and entry, Sriram Subramaniam. ... (NIST/NINDS); Multicolored Fluorescent Cell Lines for High-Throughput Drug ...

2013-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

229

Showcase - Bio-imaging Technologies (9/2009)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 3D imaging of HIV transmission and entry, Sriram Subramaniam. ... (NIST/NINDS) PDF logo; Multicolored Fluorescent Cell Lines for High-Throughput ...

2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

230

High Speed Particle Image Velocimetry  

Technical Group to estimate the amount of oil leaking from the Deepwater Horizon Macando Well in the Gulf of Mexico. The

231

SPEAR3 Beam Line Availability  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beam Line Support | Floor Support | Administrative Support SPEAR3 Beam Line Availability Beam Line BL Type Technique(s) Status 1-4 X-ray Small and Wide Angle X-ray Scattering Open...

232

Standard CMOS active pixel image sensors for multimedia applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The task of image acquisition is completely dominated by CCD-based sensors fabricated on specialized process lines. These devices provide an essentially passive means of detecting photons and moving image data across chip. We argue that line widths in ... Keywords: 1024 pixel, CMOS active pixel image sensors, CMOS integrated circuits, color filter array, document capture, gain, image sensors, multimedia, multimedia systems, single chip video cameras, transistors, video cameras

A. Dickinson; B. Ackland; E. -S. Eid; D. Inglis; E. R. Fossum

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Utility Line Inspections and Audits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utility Line Inspections and Audits provides utility engineers with a concise reference for the pros, cons, and how to related to performing various line inspections and audits.

2007-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

234

Beam-line cryopump  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A cryopumping module using metallic surfaces at liquid helium temperature for condensation of hydrogen and deuterium gas has been constructed. This pump, a prototype of four units which will provide pumping for the Livermore 200 kV test stand, will be used to verify the concept and establish engineering parameters. Upon completion of engineering tests and evaluation the pump will be installed in an operating beam line. The design point pumping capacity is 80,000 liters per second for hydrogen and deuterium at 10$sup -4$ torr based on sticking coefficients of 0.15 and 0.25, respectively. Both the liquid helium temperature pumping surface and the liquid nitrogen temperature radiation shields are constructed of quilted double wall cylindrical shells. The pumping shell dimensions are 1.5 meters dia. x 0.6 meters long. Cryogen circulation is convection current driven in both cases. Liquid helium is supplied from an overhead Dewar through bayonet coupling. In the 200 kV beam line, pumping modules will be supplied via transfer lines from a central Dewar. Voltage standoff will be accomplished in the transfer lines. (auth)

Duffy, T.J.; Oddon, L.D.

1975-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

235

Omega Transmission Lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we show how bi-anisotropic media with omega-type response can be realized using periodically loaded transmission lines. General conditions for the needed unit cell circuit block are derived. Also, an implementation is shown and analyzed.

Vehmas, Joni

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

On line course organization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to help users access on-line materials with more specific questions, we build a learning portal named Fusion. First we develop Fusion-Crawler, a link classification focused crawler, to download potential course pages. We then use a binary classifier ... Keywords: focused crawling, learning object management, metadata extraction, ontology

Ming Zhang; Weichun Wang; Yi Zhou; Yu Yang; Yuhong Xiong; Xiaoming Li

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Accurate Identification, Imaging and Monitoring of Fluid ...  

A seismic line from Ai Pim Western Siberia oil field was used to image two different types of oil-saturated reservoirs. The well data indicate that the upper ...

238

MORPHOMETRIC SUBTYPING FOR A PANEL OF BREAST CANCER CELL LINES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A panel of cell lines of diverse molecular background offers an improved model system for high-content screening, comparative analysis, and cell systems biology. A computational pipeline has been developed to collect images from cell-based assays, segment individual cells and colonies, represent segmented objects in a multidimensional space, and cluster them for identifying distinct subpopulations. While each segmentation strategy can vary for different imaging assays, representation and subpopulation analysis share a common thread. Application of this pipeline to a library of 41 breast cancer cell lines is demonstrated. These cell lines are grown in 2D and imaged through immunofluorescence microscopy. Subpopulations in this panel are identified and shown to correlate with previous subtyping literature that was derived from transcript data.

Han, Ju; Chang, Hang; Fontenay, Gerald; Wang, Nicholas J.; Gray, Joe W.; Parvin, Bahram

2009-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

239

Optimization Online - On the Optimal On-Line Management of ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jan 22, 2009 ... The strategy follows a receding-horizon principle and exploits solar radiation forecasts and statistics generated through a Gaussian process ...

240

Printed circuit dispersive transmission line  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A printed circuit dispersive transmission line structure is disclosed comprising an insulator, a ground plane formed on one surface of the insulator, a first transmission line formed on a second surface of the insulator, and a second transmission line also formed on the second surface of the insulator and of longer length than the first transmission line and periodically intersecting the first transmission line. In a preferred embodiment, the transmission line structure exhibits highly dispersive characteristics by designing the length of one of the transmission line between two adjacent periodic intersections to be longer than the other. 5 figures.

Ikezi, H.; Lin-Liu, Y.R.; DeGrassie, J.S.

1991-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Printed circuit dispersive transmission line  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A printed circuit dispersive transmission line structure is disclosed comprising an insulator, a ground plane formed on one surface of the insulator, a first transmission line formed on a second surface of the insulator, and a second transmission line also formed on the second surface of the insulator and of longer length than the first transmission line and periodically intersecting the first transmission line. In a preferred embodiment, the transmission line structure exhibits highly dispersive characteristics by designing the length of one of the transmission line between two adjacent periodic intersections to be longer than the other.

Ikezi, Hiroyuki (Rancho Santa Fe, CA); Lin-Liu, Yuh-Ren (San Diego, CA); DeGrassie, John S. (Encinitas, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Printed circuit dispersive transmission line  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A printed circuit dispersive transmission line structure is disclosed comprising an insulator, a ground plane formed on one surface of the insulator, a first transmission line formed on a second surface of the insulator, and a second transmission line also formed on the second surface of the insulator and of longer length than the first transmission line and periodically intersecting the first transmission line. In a preferred embodiment, the transmission line structure exhibits highly dispersive characteristics by designing the length of one of the transmission lines between two adjacent periodic intersections to be longer than the other. 5 figs.

Ikezi, Hiroyuki; Lin-Liu, Yuh-Ren; deGrassie, J.S.

1990-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

243

Drill string transmission line  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A transmission line assembly for transmitting information along a downhole tool comprising a pin end, a box end, and a central bore traveling between the pin end and the box end, is disclosed in one embodiment of the invention as including a protective conduit. A transmission line is routed through the protective conduit. The protective conduit is routed through the central bore and the ends of the protective conduit are routed through channels formed in the pin end and box end of the downhole tool. The protective conduit is elastically forced into a spiral or other non-linear path along the interior surface of the central bore by compressing the protective conduit to a length within the downhole tool shorter than the protective conduit.

Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Hall, Jr., H. Tracy (Provo, UT); Pixton, David S. (Lehi, UT); Bradford, Kline (Orem, UT); Fox, Joe (Spanish Fork, UT)

2006-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

244

Nonlinear magnetoinductive transmission lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power transmission in one-dimensional nonlinear magnetic metamaterials driven at one end is investigated numerically and analytically in a wide frequency range. The nonlinear magnetic metamaterials are composed of varactor-loaded split-ring resonators which are coupled magnetically through their mutual inductances, forming thus a magnetoiductive transmission line. In the linear limit, significant power transmission along the array only appears for frequencies inside the linear magnetoinductive wave band. We present analytical, closed form solutions for the magnetoinductive waves transmitting the power in this regime, and their discrete frequency dispersion. When nonlinearity is important, more frequency bands with significant power transmission along the array may appear. In the equivalent circuit picture, the nonlinear magnetoiductive transmission line driven at one end by a relatively weak electromotive force, can be modeled by coupled resistive-inductive-capacitive (RLC) circuits with voltage-dependent cap...

Lazarides, Nikos; Tsironis, G P

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

A Method of Robotic Visual Tracking for a New Automatic Laser Welding Line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An on-line visual tracking sensor system for the automation of laser welding processes in heavy industries is presented. A method of image process and features extraction for structured light image of laser welding has been developed. In order to set ... Keywords: image processing, seam tracking, structure light vision, features extraction

Yongliang Xie; Lei Zhang; Chuanyu Wu; Jianjun Yin

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Title: Carbon Nanotube Measurements. Description: Scanning electron microscope image of 'cleaned' carbon nanotubes at NIST (color added for ...

247

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Description: Engineering design image shows a cross-section of part of the planned ITER fusion reaction vessel. Diverter ...

248

Safety, Reliability and Risk Analysis: Beyond the Horizon Steenbergen et al. (Eds) 2014 Taylor & Francis Group, London, ISBN 978-1-138-00123-7  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Taylor & Francis Group, London, ISBN 978-1-138-00123-7 Predictive control for reliable microgrid energy to reliable microgrid energy man- agement based on receding horizon control. The microgrid considered management within a microgrid are reported in the literature. For example, (Jimeno, Anduaga, Oyarzabal, & de

Recanati, Catherine

249

DEEPWATER HORIZON OIL SPILL ESTIMATE: UPDATE JUNE 11, 2010 by Professor Satish Nagarajaiah, Rice University (www.ruf.rice.edu/~nagaraja &  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEEPWATER HORIZON OIL SPILL ESTIMATE: UPDATE JUNE 11, 2010 by Professor Satish Nagarajaiah, Rice. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/11/us/11spill.html?hp New Estimates Double Rate of Oil Flowing on Thursday essentially doubled its estimate of how much oil has been spewing from the out-of-control BP well

Nagarajaiah, Satish

250

New Construction of Distribution Lines, Service Lines, and Appurtenant  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Construction of Distribution Lines, Service Lines, and Construction of Distribution Lines, Service Lines, and Appurtenant Facilities in Residential Subdivisions (New York) New Construction of Distribution Lines, Service Lines, and Appurtenant Facilities in Residential Subdivisions (New York) < Back Eligibility Commercial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Residential Rural Electric Cooperative Schools Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Home Weatherization Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Program Info State New York Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider New York State Public Service Commission Any proposed construction of electricity-related facilities in residential

251

Chapter 17. Biomedical Optical Imaging Biomedical Optical Imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Figure 1.2 shows the schematic diagram of a spectral / Fourier-domain OCT system. A broadband light imaging. The system consists of an interferometer with a spectrometer and line scan camera. Light. The incident light power on the eye is 750 W, the same exposure used in commercial ophthalmic OCT systems

252

Nanotechnology and its Relationship to Interventional Radiology. Part I: Imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanotechnology refers to the design, creation, and manipulation of structures on the nanometer scale. Interventional radiology stands to benefit greatly from advances in nanotechnology because much of the ongoing research is focused toward novel methods of imaging and delivery of therapy through minimally invasive means. Through the development of new techniques and therapies, nanotechnology has the potential to broaden the horizon of interventional radiology and ensure its continued success. This two-part review is intended to acquaint the interventionalist with the field of nanotechnology, and provide an overview of potential applications, while highlighting advances relevant to interventional radiology. Part I of the article deals with an introduction to some of the basic concepts of nanotechnology and outlines some of the potential imaging applications, concentrating mainly on advances in oncological and vascular imaging.

Power, Sarah; Slattery, Michael M.; Lee, Michael J., E-mail: mlee@rcsi.ie [Beaumont Hospital, Department of Radiology (Ireland)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

253

Commercial Lining Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Comparative ranking of rubber lining materials...Heat Oxidation Ultraviolet Abrasion Weathering Oil Motor fuels Acid Alkali Flame Natural rubber NR 5 4 4 4 4 6 6 3 3 6 Styrene-butadiene SBR 4 3 3 2 4 5 6 3 3 6 Nitrile NBR 3 3 3 2 3 1 6 4 4 6 Chloroprene CR 2 2 2 3 2 2 3 1 2 2 Chlorosulfonylpolyethylene CSM 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 2 2 3 Isobutylene-isoprene...

254

Image Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mosaic of earth and sky images Mosaic of earth and sky images Image Resources Free image resources covering energy, environment, and general science. Here are some links to energy- and environment-related photographic databases. Berkeley Lab Photo Archive Berkeley Lab's online digital image collection. National Science Digital Library (NSDL) NSDL is the Nation's online library for education and research in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. The World Bank Group Photo Library A distinctive collection of over 11,000 images that illustrate development through topics such as Agriculture, Education, Environment, Health, Trade and more. Calisphere Compiles the digital collections of libraries, museums, and cultural heritage organizations across California, and organizes them by theme, such

255

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Source: National Institute of Standards and Technology. Credit Line as it should appear in print: Courtesy DynMcDermott Petroleum Operations ...

256

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Credit Line as it should appear in print: Credit: Hugo Infante/Government of Chile. AV Number: 12DO043. Date Created: Unknown. ...

257

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Source: National Institute of Standards and Technology. Credit Line as it should appear in print: Credit: D. Roseneau, US Fish and Wildlife Service. ...

258

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Source: National Institute of Standards and Technology. Credit Line as it should appear in print: Credit: Thai Nguyen, University of Maryland. ...

259

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Source: National Cancer Institute. Credit Line as it should appear in print: T. Nguyen, National Cancer Institute. AV Number: 05EEEL015. ...

260

Utility Lines and Facilities (Montana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These regulations apply to the construction of utility and power lines and facilities. They address the use of public right-of-ways for such construction, underground power lines, and construction...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Strong Lines of Mercury ( Hg )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Mercury (Hg) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. Select element by atomic number. ... Strong Lines of Mercury ( Hg ). ...

262

Strong Lines of Plutonium ( Pu )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Plutonium (Pu) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. Select element by atomic number. ... Strong Lines of Plutonium ( Pu ). ...

263

IPF Overhead Line Uprating Wizard  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Increased Power Flow (IPF) Wizard ranks various line uprating methods available on the basis of a series of relatively simple questions about the rating increase needed, the condition of the line, regulatory restrictions, and basic design parameters of the existing line. The Wizard’s knowledge base contains 17 different uprating methods selected and defined by the contractors. A series of 22 questions concerning such variables as line rating assumptions, physical condition, and permitting were define...

2009-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

264

Strong Lines of Hydrogen ( H )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Hydrogen (H) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. Select element by atomic number. ... Strong Lines of Hydrogen ( H ). ...

265

Strong Lines of Tungsten ( W )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Tungsten (W) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. Select element by atomic number. ... Strong Lines of Tungsten ( W ). ...

266

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... on the availability of this image. Title: Tiny Tubes May Aid Pharmacuetical R&D. Description: NIST scientists used pairs of ...

267

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Magneto-optical image of magnetic fields within a YBCO superconductor showing electrically ... PHY, High-Temp Superconductors See also http ...

268

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Title: New Imaging Tool is Boon to Fuel Cell Research. ... water being produced and removed inside the maze-like solid housing of fuel cells under a ...

269

Technique for identifying, tracing, or tracking objects in image data  

SciTech Connect

A technique for computer vision uses a polygon contour to trace an object. The technique includes rendering a polygon contour superimposed over a first frame of image data. The polygon contour is iteratively refined to more accurately trace the object within the first frame after each iteration. The refinement includes computing image energies along lengths of contour lines of the polygon contour and adjusting positions of the contour lines based at least in part on the image energies.

Anderson, Robert J. (Albuquerque, NM); Rothganger, Fredrick (Albuquerque, NM)

2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

270

SNS Instrument System Beam Lines | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SNS Instrument Beam Lines SNS Instrument Beam Lines This diagram shows the beam lines designated for currently funded instruments. Clicking on an instrument description will take you to the page for that instrument. Clicking anywhere else on the image will open a full-size, printable PDF file. SNS Instrument Layout Backscattering Spectrometer (BASIS) Disordered Materials Diffractometer (NOMAD) Wide Angular-Range Chopper Spectrometer (ARCS) Fine-Resolution Fermi Chopper Spectrometer (SEQUOIA) Coming Soon - Vibrational Spectrometer (VISION) Neutron Spin Echo (NSE) Hybrid Spectrometer (HYSPEC) Fundamental Neutron Physics Beamline (FNPB) Single Crystal Diffractometer (TOPAZ) Versatile Neutron Imaging Instrument (VENUS) Macromolecular Diffractometer (MaNDi) Powder Diffractometer (POWGEN3) Engineering Diffractometer (VULCAN) Extended Q-Range Small Angle Neutron Diffractometer (EQ-SANS) Cold Neutron Chopper Spectrometer (CNCS) Liquids (horizontal surface) Reflectometer (LR) Magnetic Advanced Grazing InCidence Spectrometer (MAGICS) High Pressure Diffractometer (SNAP) Coming Soon - Elastic Diffuse Scattering Spectrometer (CORELLI)

271

Images, Video, & More  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Images, Video, & More Images BABAR Design drawings SLAC Image Gallery: BABAR SLAC Image Gallery: Aerial photos Videos Public lecture on "ANTIMATTER: What is it and where did it...

272

EC Transmission Line Materials  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to identify materials acceptable for use in the US ITER Project Office (USIPO)-supplied components for the ITER Electron cyclotron Heating and Current Drive (ECH&CD) transmission lines (TL), PBS-52. The source of material property information for design analysis shall be either the applicable structural code or the ITER Material Properties Handbook. In the case of conflict, the ITER Material Properties Handbook shall take precedence. Materials selection, and use, shall follow the guidelines established in the Materials Assessment Report (MAR). Materials exposed to vacuum shall conform to the ITER Vacuum Handbook. [Ref. 2] Commercial materials shall conform to the applicable standard (e.g., ASTM, JIS, DIN) for the definition of their grade, physical, chemical and electrical properties and related testing. All materials for which a suitable certification from the supplier is not available shall be tested to determine the relevant properties, as part of the procurement. A complete traceability of all the materials including welding materials shall be provided. Halogenated materials (example: insulating materials) shall be forbidden in areas served by the detritiation systems. Exceptions must be approved by the Tritium System and Safety Section Responsible Officers.

Bigelow, Tim S [ORNL

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

2005 EIA-821 SURVEY: LINE-BY-LINE REFERENCE GUIDE  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Page 1 Page 1 2012 EIA-821 SURVEY: LINE-BY-LINE REFERENCE GUIDE Kerosene Line No. Sold directly to consumers for: 1 Residential Use (Non-Farm): * Backup generator * Home heating and cooking * Personal lawn equipment * EXCLUDE: Apartment buildings and Farmhouses 2 Commercial Use: * Apartment building * Bank * Casino * Church * College/School/Institution * Department/Retail store * Environmental clean-up service * Flushing fuel lines * Forestry service * Golf course * Government (Federal, State, local, and district; INCLUDE fuel used in vehicles) * Hazardous waste company * Hospital * Hotel/Motel * Landfill site government owned * Landscaping * Laundry company * Lumber yard that sells the lumber * Medical service * Port Authority/publicly owned port or loading dock

274

Fluid Imaging | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Fluid Imaging Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Geothermal Lab Call Projects for Fluid Imaging 2 Geothermal ARRA Funded Projects for Fluid Imaging Geothermal Lab Call Projects for Fluid Imaging Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":200,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":14,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

275

CFD study of hydrodynamic signal perception by fish using the lateral line system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The lateral line system on fish has been found to aid in schooling behavior, courtship communication, active and passive hydrodynamic imaging, and prey detection. The most widely used artificial prey stimulus has been the ...

Rapo, Mark Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

HVDC Overhead Line Performance Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) is documenting the various factors that should be considered when designing and building new high-voltage direct current (HVDC) lines or when converting AC lines to HVDC. Given the limited number of HVDC lines that have been designed and built around the world, even some basic factors (for example, insulator flashover in severely contaminated regions) are not completely understood. This report concerns a crucial first step in better understanding and improving...

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

277

Transmission Line Design and Construction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The power industry wants to construct reliable and cost-effective overhead lines. A reliable and cost effective line requires not only that the line and structures meet design criteria for strength, clearances, and electrical considerations, but also that it be designed for safe and easy construction and maintenance. Design and construction practices should therefore go hand in hand. Information among various departments within a utility has to be shared for mutual benefit. Communication is a key ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

278

Multiband segmentation of a spectroscopic line data cube: application to the HI data cube of the spiral galaxy NGC 4254  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method for the multiband segmentation of a spectroscopic line data cube is presented. This method is intended to help astronomers to handle complex spectroscopic line data cubes where the inspection of the channel and moment maps is difficult. ... Keywords: Bayesian segmentation, Gaussian mixture model, HI 21 cm line spiral galaxy NGC 4254, hierarchical hidden Markov model, multicomponent image, spectroscopic data cube reduction

Farid Flitti; Christophe Collet; Bernd Vollmer; François Bonnarel

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

The Pulse Line Ion Accelerator Concept  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be modeled as a transmission line with equivalent inductancez , t ) (see Fig. 1), the transmission line equations in thethese elementary transmission line equations are traveling

Briggs, Richard J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

LINE-ABOVE-GROUND ATTENUATOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The line-above-ground attenuator provides a continuously variable microwave attenuator for a coaxial line that is capable of high attenuation and low insertion loss. The device consists of a short section of the line-above- ground plane type transmission lime, a pair of identical rectangular slabs of lossy material like polytron, whose longitudinal axes are parallel to and indentically spaced away from either side of the line, and a geared mechanism to adjust amd maintain this spaced relationship. This device permits optimum fineness and accuracy of attenuator control which heretofore has been difficult to achieve.

Wilds, R.B.; Ames, J.R.

1957-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... from the bright glare in the distance transmit images of a cat-like face at ... Though false color has been added to the cats faces, they are otherwise ...

282

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... a href http://www.nist.gov/public_affairs/images/Nanopore 20device.avi See video /a PHY, DARPA, spectroscopy See also http://www.nist.gov/pml ...

283

Human Genome Program Image Gallery (from genomics.energy.gov)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

This collection contains approximately 240 images from the genome programs of DOE's Office of Science. The images are divided into galleries related to biofuels research, systems biology, and basic genomics. Each image has a title, a basic citation, and a credit or source. Most of the images are original graphics created by the Genome Management Information System (GMIS). GMIS images are recognizable by their credit line. Permission to use these graphics is not needed, but please credit the U.S. Department of Energy Genome Programs and provide the website http://genomics.energy.gov. Other images were provided by third parties and not created by the U.S. Department of Energy. Users must contact the person listed in the credit line before using those images. The high-resolution images can be downloaded.

284

An Effective Vector Extraction Method on Architectural Imaging Using Drawing Characteristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, vectorization is achieved by the recognition of architectural drawing images. To obtain vector components, an architectural drawing recognizer (ADR) is developed. The ADR recognizes line components such as main wall, dimension line and ...

Young-Jun Park; Young-Bin Kwon

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Applications of Line Profile Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 16, 2010 ... Neutron and X-Ray Studies of Advanced Materials III : Applications of Line Profile ... Science: Robert Von Dreele1; 1APS/Argonne National Laboratory .... using an X-ray synchrotron beam line of the Advanced Photon Source.

286

History Images  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History Images History Images Los Alamos History in Images Los Alamos has a proud history and heritage of almost 70 years of science and innovation. The people of the Laboratory work on advanced technologies to provide the best scientific and engineering solutions to many of the nation's most crucial security challenges. Click thumbnails to enlarge. Photos arranged by most recent first, horizontal formats before vertical. See Flickr for more sizes and details. Back in the day Back in the day LA bridge in Los Alamos LA bridge in Los Alamos 1945 Army-Navy "E" Award 1945 Army-Navy "E" Award Louis Rosen Louis Rosen Bob Van Ness Robert Kuckuck and Michael Anastasio Bob Van Ness Robert Kuckuck and Michael Anastasio TA-18 TA-18 Elmer Island TU-4 assembly area Elmer Island TU-4 assembly area

287

Revolution at ICECUBE horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently (May-July 2013) highest energy neutrino events have been presented by ICECUBE. Most (21) of all these (28) events are cascades shower whose flux exhibits a sharp hardening respect other lower energy atmospheric neutrino component; these events are suggesting an injection of extraterrestrial neutrino, mostly of electron or tau flavor, making cascades. ICECUBE claimed that a component (10-12) of these events must be a trace of expected downward muons and-or atmospheric neutrinos (mostly muon track dominated): this imply that nearly all of the few observed muon tracks (at least 6 of the 7) must be themselves of atmospheric origin: therefore remaining 16-18 extraterrestrial events must be mostly of electron or of tau flavor (or rare neutral current events). The probability that this scenario occurs is very poor, about 0.1-0.5%, well below 1.0%. This muon neutrino paucity paradox cannot be solved if part or even all the events are made by terrestrial prompt charmed signals. The paradox might be somehow solved if nearly all of the 28 events are originated by extraterrestrial sources arriving to us in de-coherent states. This overestimation of atmospheric neutrino flux has deep consequences. Few cascades shower events in Antares yearly might test the flavor changes at TeVs and tens TeV energy range.

Daniele Fargion; Paolo Paggi

2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

288

Horizon Energy Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed therein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United

Joel Theis; Jovan Ilic; Booz Allen Hamilton; Shawn Rabiei; Marija Prica; David Wilson; Jesse Goellner; Steve Pullins; Joe Miller; Tom Grabowski; Chris Wyatt

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

LLNL 1981: technical horizons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research programs at LLNL for 1981 are described in broad terms. In his annual State of the Laboratory address, Director Roger Batzel projected a $481 million operating budget for fiscal year 1982, up nearly 13% from last year. In projects for the Department of Energy and the Department of Defense, the Laboratory applies its technical facilities and capabilities to nuclear weapons design and development and other areas of defense research that include inertial confinement fusion, nonnuclear ordnances, and particle-beam technology. LLNL is also applying its unique experience and capabilities to a variety of projects that will help the nation meet its energy needs in an environmentally acceptable manner. A sampling of recent achievements by LLNL support organizations indicates their diversity. (GHT)

Not Available

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

EXPANDING HORIZONS Perspectives in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

denying them the opportunity to visit Mexico, although Don Pepion (Blackfeet) of their faculty was able

Sriraman, Bharath

291

Software Tackles Production Line Machine ?Cyclic Jitters?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software Tackles Production Line Machine 'Cyclic ... products, even shutting down assembly lines. ... high-speed data transmission characteristics of ...

2011-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

292

Evaluation of Four Imaging Techniques for the Electrical Characterization of Solar Cells (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The imaging techniques enable the possibility of higher-level quality control and defect analysis of solar cell materials in in-line production processes.

Johnston. S.; Berman, G.; Call, N.; Ahrenkiel, R.

2008-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

293

Reflections of ions in electrostatic analyzers: A case study with New Horizons/Solar Wind Around Pluto  

SciTech Connect

Electrostatic analyzers (ESAs), in various forms, are used to measure plasma in a range of applications. In this article, we describe how ions reflect from the interior surfaces of an ESA, the detection of which constitutes a fundamentally nonideal response of ESAs. We demonstrate this effect by comparing laboratory data from a real ESA-based space instrument, the Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) instrument, aboard the NASA New Horizons spacecraft, to results from a model based on quantum mechanical simulations of particles reflected from the instrument's surfaces combined with simulations of particle trajectories through the instrument's applied electrostatic fields. Thus, we show, for the first time, how reflected ions in ESAs lead to nonideal effects that have important implications for understanding the data returned by these instruments, as well as for designing new low-background ESA-based instruments. Specifically, we show that the response of SWAP widens considerably below a level of 10{sup -3} of the peak response. Thus, a direct measurement of a plasma distribution with SWAP will have an energy-dependent background on the order of {<=}10{sup -3} of the peak of the signal due to that distribution. We predict that this order of magnitude estimate for the background applies to a large number of ESA-based instruments because ESAs operate using a common principle. However, the exact shape of the energy-dependent response will be different for different instruments. The principle of operation is that ions outside the ideal range of energy-per-charge are deflected into the walls of the ESA. Therefore, we propose that a new design paradigm is necessary to mitigate the effect of ion reflections and thus accurately and directly measure the energy spectrum of a plasma using ESAs. In this article, we build a framework for minimizing the effect of ion reflections in the design of new ESAs. Through the use of existing computer simulation software, a design team can use our method to quantify the amount of reflections in their instrument and iteratively change design parameters before fabrication, conserving resources. A possible direction for the new design paradigm is having nonsolid walls of the ESA, already used in some applications.

Randol, B. M.; Ebert, R. W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas 78229 (United States); Space Science and Engineering Division, Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas 78228 (United States); Allegrini, F.; McComas, D. J. [Space Science and Engineering Division, Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas 78228 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas 78229 (United States); Schwadron, N. A. [Department of Astronomy, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

294

Electric Transmission Line Siting Compact  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric Transmission Line Siting Compact Electric Transmission Line Siting Compact 1 ______________________________________________________________________________ 2 ARTICLE I 3 PURPOSE 4 5 Siting electric transmission lines across state borders and federal lands is an issue for states, the 6 federal government, transmission utilities, consumers, environmentalists, and other stakeholders. 7 The current, multi-year application review process by separate and equal jurisdictions constitutes 8 a sometimes inefficient and redundant process for transmission companies and complicates the 9 efforts of state and federal policy-makers and other stakeholders to develop more robust 10 economic opportunities, increase grid reliability and security, and ensure the consumers have the 11 lowest cost electricity possible. 12

295

Electrical transmission line diametrical retainer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a mechanism for retaining an electrical transmission line. In one embodiment of the invention it is a system for retaining an electrical transmission line within down hole components. In accordance with one aspect of the invention, the system includes a plurality of downhole components, such as sections of pipe in a drill string. The system also includes a coaxial cable running between the first and second end of a drill pipe, the coaxial cable having a conductive tube and a conductive core within it. The invention allows the electrical transmission line to with stand the tension and compression of drill pipe during routine drilling cycles.

Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Hall, Jr., H. Tracy (Provo, UT); Pixton, David (Lehi, UT); Dahlgren, Scott (Provo, UT); Sneddon, Cameron (Provo, UT); Briscoe, Michael (Lehi, UT); Fox, Joe (Spanish Fork, UT)

2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

296

Pulse shaping with transmission lines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for forming shaped voltage pulses uses passive reflection from a transmission line with nonuniform impedance. The impedance of the reflecting line varies with length in accordance with the desired pulse shape. A high voltage input pulse is transmitted to the reflecting line. A reflected pulse is produced having the desired shape and is transmitted by pulse removal means to a load. Light activated photoconductive switches made of silicon can be utilized. The pulse shaper can be used to drive a Pockels cell to produce shaped optical pulses.

Wilcox, R.B.

1985-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

297

Pulse shaping with transmission lines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for forming shaped voltage pulses uses passive reflection from a transmission line with nonuniform impedance. The impedance of the reflecting line varies with length in accordance with the desired pulse shape. A high voltage input pulse is transmitted to the reflecting line. A reflected pulse is produced having the desired shape and is transmitted by pulse removal means to a load. Light activated photoconductive switches made of silicon can be utilized. The pulse shaper can be used to drive a Pockels cell to produce shaped optical pulses.

Wilcox, Russell B. (Oakland, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Terahertz Quantum-Cascade Transmission-Line Metamaterials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Terahertz Transmission-Line Metamaterials . . . . . . .CRLH Transmission Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Terahertz CRLH Transmission-Line Metamaterials . . . . . . .

Tavallaee, Amir Ali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Shape optimization using reflection lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many common objects have highly reflective metallic or painted finishes. Their appearance is primarily defined by the distortion the curved shape of the surface introduces in the reflections of surrounding objects. Reflection lines are commonly used ...

E. Tosun; Y. I. Gingold; J. Reisman; D. Zorin

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Ground Penetrating Imaging Radar Phase II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI project "Ground Penetrating Imaging Radar Phase II," also called the "GPiR Project," started in August 1998 at Schlumberger-Doll Research, a division of Schlumberger Technology Corporation. Its goal was to determine if modern ground-penetrating radar (GPR) could make three-dimensional (3D) images of buried utility lines accurate and detailed enough to help utility companies better manage their underground infrastructure. Work began with a comparison of commercial and prototype GPR systems in the lab...

2001-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Processing of 3-Line Imagery on a Digital Photogrammetric Workstation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the main topics in photogrammetry is the development of automatic processing techniques, e.g. for aerotriangulation and stereo restitution, both starting from digital aerial imagery. On the other hand digital cameras and sensors gain more and more importance. One of the most promising sensor concept makes use of three linear CCD arrays. This paper deals with the special geometry of 3-line imagery and the consequences for the processing on a digital photogrammetric workstation. Keywords: digital photogrammetric workstations, 3-line imagery, stereo restitution, MOMS-02 1. INTRODUCTION Digital photogrammetric systems are still one of the main topics in ISPRS Commission II. During the period 1992-- 1996 the Intercommision Working Group II/III "Digital Photogrammetric Systems" dealt with this research topic, and also in the period 1996--2000 the ISPRS Working Group II/8 "Digital Systems for Image Analysis" will consider systems for automatic image orientation, generation of digita...

Rüdiger Brand; Timm Ohlhof; Manfred Stephani

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Kentucky Transmission Line Siting Methodology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI, in conjunction with Georgia Transmission Corporation (GTC) and Photo Science, Inc. (PSI), developed a standardized methodology for siting overhead electric transmission lines. EPRI report 1013080, EPRI-GTC Overhead Electric Transmission Line Siting Methodology, published February 2006, provides additional information. This methodology has been applied in Georgia and currently is being applied to projects in Kentucky by East Kentucky Power Cooperative and E.ON U.S. on behalf of Louisville Gas and El...

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

303

Imaging bolometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Radiation-hard, steady-state imaging bolometer. A bolometer employing infrared (IR) imaging of a segmented-matrix absorber of plasma radiation in a cooled-pinhole camera geometry is described. The bolometer design parameters are determined by modeling the temperature of the foils from which the absorbing matrix is fabricated by using a two-dimensional time-dependent solution of the heat conduction equation. The resulting design will give a steady-state bolometry capability, with approximately 100 Hz time resolution, while simultaneously providing hundreds of channels of spatial information. No wiring harnesses will be required, as the temperature-rise data will be measured via an IR camera. The resulting spatial data may be used to tomographically investigate the profile of plasmas.

Wurden, Glen A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Imaging bolometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Radiation-hard, steady-state imaging bolometer is disclosed. A bolometer employing infrared (IR) imaging of a segmented-matrix absorber of plasma radiation in a cooled-pinhole camera geometry is described. The bolometer design parameters are determined by modeling the temperature of the foils from which the absorbing matrix is fabricated by using a two-dimensional time-dependent solution of the heat conduction equation. The resulting design will give a steady-state bolometry capability, with approximately 100 Hz time resolution, while simultaneously providing hundreds of channels of spatial information. No wiring harnesses will be required, as the temperature-rise data will be measured via an IR camera. The resulting spatial data may be used to tomographically investigate the profile of plasmas. 2 figs.

Wurden, G.A.

1999-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

305

Is There a Fundamental Line for Disk Galaxies?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that there are strong local correlations between metallicity, surface brightness, and dynamical mass-to-light ratio within M33, analogous to the fundamental line of dwarf galaxies identified by Prada & Burkert (2002). Using near-infrared imaging from 2MASS, the published rotation curve of M33, and literature measurements of the metallicities of HII regions and supergiant stars, we demonstrate that these correlations hold for points at radial distances between 140 pc and 6.2 kpc from the center of the galaxy. At a given metallicity or surface brightness, M33 has a mass-to-light ratio approximately four times as large as the Local Group dwarf galaxies; other than this constant offset, we see broad agreement between the M33 and dwarf galaxy data. We use analytical arguments to show that at least two of the three fundamental line correlations are basic properties of disk galaxies that can be derived from very general assumptions. We investigate the effect of supernova feedback on the fundamental line with numerical models and conclude that while feedback clearly controls the scatter in the fundamental line, it is not needed to create the fundamental line itself, in agreement with our analytical calculations. We also compare the M33 data with measurements of a simulated disk galaxy, finding that the simulation reproduces the trends in the data correctly and matches the fundamental line, although the metallicity of the simulated galaxy is too high, and the surface brightness is lower than that of M33.

Joshua D. Simon; Francisco Prada; Jose M. Vilchez; Leo Blitz; Brant Robertson

2006-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

306

fault diagnosis of a high voltage transmission line using waveform ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 4, 2013 ... FAULT DIAGNOSIS OF A HIGH VOLTAGE TRANSMISSION LINE USING ... Fault types such as single line to ground, line to line, double line to ...

307

Perspectives on effectively constraining the location of a massive trans-Plutonian obejct with the New Horizons spacecraft: a sensitivity analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The radio tracking apparatus of the New Horizons spacecraft, currently traveling to the Pluto system where its arrival is scheduled for July 2015, should be able to reach an accuracy of 10 m (range) and 0.1 mm s^-1 (range-rate) over distances up to 50 au. This should allow to effectively constrain the location of a putative trans-Plutonian massive object, dubbed Planet X (PX) hereafter, whose existence has recently been postulated for a variety of reasons connected with, e.g., the architecture of the Kuiper belt and the cometary flux from the Oort cloud. Traditional scenarios involve a rock-ice planetoid with mX = 0.7mE at some 100 - 200 au, or a Jovian body with mX = 5mJ at about 10,000 - 20,000 au; as a result of our preliminary sensitivity analysis, they should be detectable by New Horizons since they would impact its range at a km level or so over a time span six years long. Conversely, range residuals statistically compatible with zero having an amplitude of 10 m would imply that PX, if it exists, could ...

Iorio, Lorenzo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Two terminal line voltage thermostat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two terminal line voltage thermostat includes a switch which effectively connects line voltage to a heater load. The entire process is controlled by an integrated circuit microcontroller which is powered by a rectified voltage from a transformer secondary connected to a primary which is in series with the heater load. Backup battery power is provided to maintain limited functions of the microcontroller in the event of overall power loss. The microcontroller is programmed to meet the temperature sensing and control requirements specific to a two terminal electric baseboard heating installation. 7 figs.

Stalsberg, K.J.; Ingalls, J.E.; Hoglund, S.R.

1995-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

309

Semantic image interpretation of gamma ray profiles in petroleum exploration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the S-Chart framework, an approach for semantic image interpretation of line charts; and the InteliStrata system, an application for semantic interpretation of gamma ray profiles. The S-Chart framework is structured as a set of knowledge ... Keywords: Gamma ray well log, Ontology, Semantic image interpretation, Stratigraphy, Symbol grounding problem, Visual knowledge

Sandro Rama Fiorini; Mara Abel; Claiton M. S. Scherer

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Coiled transmission line pulse generators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and apparatus are provided for fabricating and constructing solid dielectric "Coiled Transmission Line" pulse generators in radial or axial coiled geometries. The pour and cure fabrication process enables a wide variety of geometries and form factors. The volume between the conductors is filled with liquid blends of monomers, polymers, oligomers, and/or cross-linkers and dielectric powders; and then cured to form high field strength and high dielectric constant solid dielectric transmission lines that intrinsically produce ideal rectangular high voltage pulses when charged and switched into matched impedance loads. Voltage levels may be increased by Marx and/or Blumlein principles incorporating spark gap or, preferentially, solid state switches (such as optically triggered thyristors) which produce reliable, high repetition rate operation. Moreover, these Marxed pulse generators can be DC charged and do not require additional pulse forming circuitry, pulse forming lines, transformers, or an a high voltage spark gap output switch. The apparatus accommodates a wide range of voltages, impedances, pulse durations, pulse repetition rates, and duty cycles. The resulting mobile or flight platform friendly cylindrical geometric configuration is much more compact, light-weight, and robust than conventional linear geometries, or pulse generators constructed from conventional components. Installing additional circuitry may accommodate optional pulse shape improvements. The Coiled Transmission Lines can also be connected in parallel to decrease the impedance, or in series to increase the pulse length.

McDonald, Kenneth Fox (Columbia, MO)

2010-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

311

Face recognition based on 3D ridge images obtained from range data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present an approach for 3D face recognition from frontal range data based on the ridge lines on the surface of the face. We use the principal curvature, k"m"a"x, to represent the face image as a 3D binary image called ridge image. The ... Keywords: 3D face recognition, Gaussian curvature, Hausdorff distance, Iterative closest points, Range image, Ridge image

Mohammad H. Mahoor; Mohamed Abdel-Mottaleb

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Boiler Tube Corrosion Characterization With a Scanning Thermal Line  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wall thinning due to corrosion in utility boiler waterwall tubing is a significant operational concern for boiler operators. Historically, conventional ultrasonics has been used for inspection of these tubes. Unfortunately, ultrasonic inspection is very manpower intense and slow. Therefore, thickness measurements are typically taken over a relatively small percentage of the total boiler wall and statistical analysis is used to determine the overall condition of the boiler tubing. Other inspection techniques, such as electromagnetic acoustic transducer (EMAT), have recently been evaluated, however they provide only a qualitative evaluation - identifying areas or spots where corrosion has significantly reduced the wall thickness. NASA Langley Research Center, in cooperation with ThermTech Services, has developed a thermal NDE technique designed to quantitatively measure the wall thickness and thus determine the amount of material thinning present in steel boiler tubing. The technique involves the movement of a thermal line source across the outer surface of the tubing followed by an infrared imager at a fixed distance behind the line source. Quantitative images of the material loss due to corrosion are reconstructed from measurements of the induced surface temperature variations. This paper will present a discussion of the development of the thermal imaging system as well as the techniques used to reconstruct images of flaws. The application of the thermal line source coupled with the analysis technique represents a significant improvement in the inspection speed and accuracy for large structures such as boiler waterwalls. A theoretical basis for the technique will be presented to establish the quantitative nature of the technique. Further, a dynamic calibration system ...

Elliott Cramer National; K. Elliott Cramer; Langley Blvd; Ronald Jacobstein; Thomas Reilly

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

FM DANTE fast imaging and variations: emerging rf-based ultrafast imaging techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: DANTE fast imaging, NMR, burst imaging, fast chemical shift imaging, fast imaging, fast spectroscopic imaging, fast susceptibility imaging

Z. H. Cho; Y. M. Ro; I. K. Hong

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Zigzag Survey Designs in Line Transect Sampling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

survey lines are frequently used in shipboard and aerial line transect surveys of animal populations; Systematic designs; Zigzag designs. 1. INTRODUCTION Shipboard and aerial line transect surveys are widelyZigzag Survey Designs in Line Transect Sampling Samantha STRINDBERG and Stephen T. BUCKLAND Zigzag

Buckland, Steve

315

Monitoring and Reporting Services for the Toronto Library, Final Report, TESCOR Energy Services, through Energy Systems Associates and New Horizons Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report summarizes the work performed for TESCOR Energy Services through Energy Systems Associates and New Horizons Technology. This work includes the monitoring and analysis of data from the data logger that was installed in the Toronto Library in the Spring of 1996 with the monitoring continuing through April of 1998. This report presents a review of the data collected, including the quality control measures used to assure that the data being collected were reasonable and accurate. This report also presents a baseline analysis for the whole-building electricity, heating and cooling energy use, boiler, and chiller energy use. A copy of all the data collected from 1996 through 1998 is also included with this report with a channel table and plots of each channel included in the appendix to this report.

Haberl, J. S.; Athar, A.; Claridge, D. E.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

On the possible long-term fate of oil released in the deepwater horizon incident: estimated by ensembles of dye release simulations  

SciTech Connect

We have conducted an ensemble of 20 simulations using a high-resolution global ocean model in which dye was continuously injected at the site of the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig for two months. We then extended these simulations for another four months to track the dispersal of the dye in the model. We have also performed five simulations in which dye was continuously injected at the site of the spill for four months and then run out to one year from the initial spill date. The experiments can elucidate the time and space scales of dispersal of polluted waters and also give a quantitative estimate of dilution rate, ignoring any sink terms such as chemical or biological degradation.

Maltrud, Mathew E.; Peacock, Synte L.; Visbeck, Martin

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Split image optical display  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A video image is displayed from an optical panel by splitting the image into a plurality of image components, and then projecting the image components through corresponding portions of the panel to collectively form the image. Depth of the display is correspondingly reduced.

Veligdan, James T. (Manorville, NY)

2007-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

318

Beam line windows at LAMPF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The A-6 main beam-line window at LAMPF separates the vacuum of the main beam line from the isotope production station, proton irradiation ports, and the beam stop, which operate in air. This window must withstand the design beam current of 1 mA at 800 MeV for periods of at least 3000 hours without failure. The window is water cooled and must be strong enough to withstand the 2.1 MPa (300 psig) cooling water pressure, as well as beam-induced thermal stresses. Two designs have been used to meet these goals, a stepped-plate window and a hemispherical window, both made from a precipitation-hardened nickel base alloy, Alloy 718. Calculations of the temperatures and stresses in each of these windows are presented.

Brown, R.D.; Grisham, D.L.; Lambert, J.E.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

BOREAS Survey On-Line  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FF33"> FF33"> BOREAS Survey On-Line To improve the BOREAS and BOREAS Follow-On data sets and to meet users' needs, we are conducting a survey. The BOREAS and BOREAS Follow-On data sets continue to be important products at the ORNL DAAC. To date we have provided over 8,000 data products from these projects to nearly 1,500 users. We invite you to fill out this survey, identifying any problems you had with the data and documentation or any difficulties you experienced in finding and acquiring the data sets. Information you provide will enable us to address problems that need attention. It will also help us determine which aspects of the BOREAS and BOREAS Follow-On information need to be expanded. You can complete the survey at the BOREAS Home Page. After you complete the on-line survey, submit your answers to the ORNL

320

Guide for Transmission Line Grounding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrical utilities have a duty to provide effective grounding for managing steady-state and fault currents, whether near a large generating station or at a remote distribution pole ground. For transmission lines, this imperative is usually met with investment in overhead ground wires and grounding electrodes. Effective grounding at each tower improves reliability8212by providing low path impedance to lightning strokes8212and contributes to safety. However, the fundamental physical parameters in ground ...

2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Managing Transmission Line Wood Structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transmission and distribution infrastructures throughout the world are aging. As such, inspection, assessment, and maintenance of existing facilities have become increasingly important topics. This valuable reference provides an in-depth look at all facets of an inspection, assessment, and maintenance program for transmission line wood structures to help utilities develop and refine individual maintenance programs. The report is part of a broader multi-year effort by EPRI to develop a comprehensive handb...

2006-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

322

Perspectives on effectively constraining the location of a massive trans-Plutonian obejct with the New Horizons spacecraft: a sensitivity analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The radio tracking apparatus of the New Horizons spacecraft, currently traveling to the Pluto system where its arrival is scheduled for July 2015, should be able to reach an accuracy of 10 m (range) and 0.1 mm s^-1 (range-rate) over distances up to 50 au. This should allow to effectively constrain the location of a putative trans-Plutonian massive object, dubbed Planet X (PX) hereafter, whose existence has recently been postulated for a variety of reasons connected with, e.g., the architecture of the Kuiper belt and the cometary flux from the Oort cloud. Traditional scenarios involve a rock-ice planetoid with mX = 0.7mE at some 100 - 200 au, or a Jovian body with mX = 5mJ at about 10,000 - 20,000 au; as a result of our preliminary sensitivity analysis, they should be detectable by New Horizons since they would impact its range at a km level or so over a time span six years long. Conversely, range residuals statistically compatible with zero having an amplitude of 10 m would imply that PX, if it exists, could not be located at less than about 4,500 au (mX = 0.7mE) or 60,000 au (mX = 5mJ), thus making a direct detection quite demanding with the present-day technologies. As a consequence, it would be appropriate to rename such a remote body as Thelisto. Also fundamental physics would benefit from this analysis since certain subtle effects predicted by MOND for the deep Newtonian regions of our Solar System are just equivalent to those of a distant pointlike mass.

Lorenzo Iorio

2013-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

323

SSRL Beam Lines by Technique | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technique Technique SSRL Beam Line Map | Beam Lines by Number | SPEAR3 Parameters Supported Technique(s) Beam Line X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy Biological x-ray absorption spectroscopy 4-3, 7-3, 9-3, 14-3 Materials / catalysis / chemistry x-ray absorption spectroscopy 4-1, 4-3, 11-2, 14-3 MEIS x-ray absorption spectroscopy 4-1, 4-3, 11-2, 14-3 X-ray absorption spectroscopy imaging 2-3, 6-2a, 10-2a,14-3 Single crystal x-ray absorption spectroscopy 9-3 Grazing incidence x-ray absorption spectroscopy 11-2 Tender x-ray absorption spectroscopy 4-3, 14-3 Tender x-ray absorption spectroscopy imaging 14-3 Photoemission spectroscopy 8-1a, 8-1b, 8-2, 10-1, 13-2 X-ray absorption spectroscopy, near edge, soft energy 8-2, 10-1, 13-2 Elliptic polarization, soft energy photoemission spectroscopy 13-2

324

In-Line Thermoelectric Module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermoelectric module with a plurality of electricity generating units each having a first end and a second end, the units being arranged first end to second end along an-in-line axis. Each unit includes first and second elements each made of a thermoelectric material, an electrically conductive hot member arranged to heat one side of the first element, and an electrically conductive cold member arranged to cool another side of the first element and to cool one side of the second element. The hot member, the first element, the cold member and the second element are supported in a fixture, are electrically connected respectively to provide an electricity generating unit, and are arranged respectively in positions along the in-line axis. The individual components of each generating unit and the respective generating units are clamped in their in-line positions by a loading bolt at one end of the fixture and a stop wall at the other end of the fixture. The hot members may have a T-shape and the cold members an hourglass shape to facilitate heat transfer. The direction of heat transfer through the hot members may be perpendicular to the direction of heat transfer through the cold members, and both of these heat transfer directions maybe perpendicular to the direction-of current flow through the module.

Pento, Robert; Marks, James E.; Staffanson, Clifford D.

1998-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

325

In-line thermoelectric module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermoelectric module with a plurality of electricity generating units each having a first end and a second end, the units being arranged first end to second end along an in-line axis. Each unit includes first and second elements each made of a thermoelectric material, an electrically conductive hot member arranged to heat one side of the first element, and an electrically conductive cold member arranged to cool another side of the first element and to cool one side of the second element. The hot member, the first element, the cold member and the second element are supported in a fixture, are electrically connected respectively to provide an electricity generating unit, and are arranged respectively in positions along the in-line axis. The individual components of each generating unit and the respective generating units are clamped in their in-line positions by a loading bolt at one end of the fixture and a stop wall at the other end of the fixture. The hot members may have a T-shape and the cold members an hourglass shape to facilitate heat transfer. The direction of heat transfer through the hot members may be perpendicular to the direction of heat transfer through the cold members, and both of these heat transfer directions may be perpendicular to the direction of current flow through the module.

Pento, Robert (Algonquin, IL); Marks, James E. (Glenville, NY); Staffanson, Clifford D. (S. Glens Falls, NY)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Optimal Maneuvers for Distributed Aperture Imaging Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interest in space-borne, distributed multi-aperture interferometric systems is driven by a need for continuously sustained imaging with high resolution. Amplitude interferometry systems measure the Fourier components of the image corresponding to the wave vectors (locations in the so-called u-v plane) that are proportional to the relative positions of the apertures. Imaging to specified resolution demands measurement of the Fourier components with adequate signal-to-noise ratio over the interior of a disk in the u-v plane (the resolution disk). In this paper we concentrate on the case in which interferometric measurements are made while the apertures are changing their relative positions. This work discusses heuristic maneuvers and strategies for a system of two space-borne telescopes to cover the frequency plane while optimizing a cost function that includes both a measure of image quality and propulsive effort. The current study is motivated by previous research in which the optimization problem was formulated and the first-order necessary conditions (FONC) derived. The earlier work obtained short time horizon solutions to the FONC for various simple situations, but the complexity of the integro-differential equations for optimal maneuvering have heretofore prevented solution for an optimal maneuver for the entirety of the imaging process. In place of a direct attack on the FONC, the present work investigates various heuristic approaches to minimizing the cost function in the discretized state and discretized time domains in a hexagonal coordinate system. Using three classes of coverage rules, experimentation with a variety of maneuver strategies involving two apertures has led to a number of time-optimal or fuel-optimal solutions based on the initial conditions of the spacecraft. This thesis shows that an optimal maneuver can be determined from the starting positions of the spacecraft and that a self-spiral class of motion seems to be the most beneficial for long term strategies. Future work may focus on strategies for interferometric systems with more than two apertures and with a finer mesh of the hexagonal coordinate system.

Fitch, Danielle

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

On?line tangential soft x?ray/VUV tomography on COMPASS?C  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A tangentially viewing pinhole camera has been used to image the COMPASS?C plasma in the vacuum ultraviolet and soft x?ray spectral regions with framing rates up to 330 Hz. The PC?based system acquires up to 256 128×128 pixel images per shot and incorporates an array processor to allow on?line tomographic reconstructions. Data compression is used to reduce the data load by a factor of 4.

R. D. Durst; The COMPASS Group

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

On-line tangential soft x-ray/VUV tomography on COMPASS-C  

SciTech Connect

A tangentially viewing pinhole camera has been used to image the COMPASS-C plasma in the vacuum ultraviolet and soft x-ray spectral regions with framing rates up to 330 Hz. The PC-based system acquires up to 256 128{times}128 pixel images per shot and incorporates an array processor to allow on-line tomographic reconstructions. Data compression is used to reduce the data load by a factor of 4.

Durst, R.D. (AEA Fusion/Euratom Association, Culham Laboratory, Abingdon (Great Britain)); The COMPASS Group

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Multicolor Underwater Imaging Techniques.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Studies were conducted on multispectral polarimetric subtraction imaging techniques for underwater imaging that use a broadband light source. The main objective of this study was… (more)

Waggoner, Douglas Scott

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Tropical Squall Lines of the Arizona Monsoon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Squall lines possessing nearly all the characteristics of tropical squall lines occasionally develop during the summer monsoon over southern Arizona and northwestern Mexico. Initial thunderstorm formation is over the Continental Divide in the ...

Walter P. Smith; Robert L. Gall

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Squall-Line Intensification via Hydrometeor Recirculation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many studies have demonstrated the intimate connection between microphysics and deep moist convection, especially for squall lines via cold pool pathways. The present study examines four numerically simulated idealized squall lines using the ...

Robert B. Seigel; Susan C. van den Heever

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

A Computer Package for Transmission Line Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A computer program, LIGNE, has been developed as a comprehensive teaching aid for the section on transmission line theory in an electromagnetics course. The program assists the student in the analysis of transmission lines, enabling him to quickly assess ...

Georges-Andre Chaudron; Manfred Nachman

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Potential Vorticity Anomalies Associated with Squall Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study involves observations and model simulations of potential vorticity anomalies in the wake of midlatitude squall lines. Using data from the Oklahoma–Kansas PRE-STORM experiment, we analyze potential vorticity fields near two squall lines—...

Rolf F. A. Hertenstein; Wayne H. Schubert

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Mining partially annotated images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we study the problem of mining partially annotated images. We first define what the problem of mining partially annotated images is, and argue that in many real-world applications annotated images are typically partially annotated and ... Keywords: image annotation completion and prediction, partially annotated training set, semi-supervised learning

Zhongang Qi; Ming Yang; Zhongfei (Mark) Zhang; Zhengyou Zhang

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Methods of Using Existing Wire Lines (power lines, phone lines, internet lines) for Totally Secure Classical Communication Utilizing Kirchoff's Law and Johnson-like Noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We outline some general solutions to use already existing and currently used wire lines, such as power lines, phone lines, internet lines, etc, for the unconditionally secure communication method based on Kirchoff's Law and Johnson-like Noise (KLJN). Two different methods are shown. One is based on filters used at single wires and the other one utilizes a common mode voltage superimposed on a three-phase powerline.

Laszlo B. Kish

2006-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

336

Capillary electrophoresis-fluorescence line narrowing system (CE-FLNS) for on-line structural characterization  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Capillary electrophoresis (CE) is interfaced with low temperature fluorescence line-narrowing (FLN) spectroscopy for on-line structural characterization of separated molecular analytes.

Jankowiak, Ryszard J. (Ames, IA); Small, Gerald J. (Ames, IA); Shields, Peter A. (Reading, MA)

1999-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

337

Seismic Imaging and Monitoring  

SciTech Connect

I give an overview of LANL's capability in seismic imaging and monitoring. I present some seismic imaging and monitoring results, including imaging of complex structures, subsalt imaging of Gulf of Mexico, fault/fracture zone imaging for geothermal exploration at the Jemez pueblo, time-lapse imaging of a walkway vertical seismic profiling data for monitoring CO{sub 2} inject at SACROC, and microseismic event locations for monitoring CO{sub 2} injection at Aneth. These examples demonstrate LANL's high-resolution and high-fidelity seismic imaging and monitoring capabilities.

Huang, Lianjie [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

338

Seismic Imaging and Monitoring  

SciTech Connect

I give an overview of LANL's capability in seismic imaging and monitoring. I present some seismic imaging and monitoring results, including imaging of complex structures, subsalt imaging of Gulf of Mexico, fault/fracture zone imaging for geothermal exploration at the Jemez pueblo, time-lapse imaging of a walkway vertical seismic profiling data for monitoring CO{sub 2} inject at SACROC, and microseismic event locations for monitoring CO{sub 2} injection at Aneth. These examples demonstrate LANL's high-resolution and high-fidelity seismic imaging and monitoring capabilities.

Huang, Lianjie [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

339

Manhattan Project: Trinity Images  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

IMAGES IMAGES Trinity Test Site (July 16, 1945) Resources > Photo Gallery The first 0.11 seconds of the Nuclear Age These seven photographs of the Trinity test were taken by time-lapse cameras. The last is 109 milliseconds, or 0.109 seconds, after detonation. Scroll down to view each individual image. The photographs are courtesy the Los Alamos National Laboratory, via the Federation of American Scientists web site. The animation is original to the Office of History and Heritage Resources. The dawn of the Nuclear Age (Trinity image #1) The dawn of the Nuclear Age Trinity image #2 Trinity image #3 Trinity image #4 Trinity image #5 Trinity, 0.09 seconds after detonation (Trinity image #6) Trinity, 0.09 seconds after detonation Trinity, 0.11 seconds after detonation (Trinity image #7)

340

Practical pairwise testing for software product lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One key challenge for software product lines is efficiently managing variability throughout their lifecycle. In this paper, we address the problem of variability in software product lines testing. We (1) identify a set of issues that must be addressed ... Keywords: feature modelling, software product lines, variability management

Dusica Marijan, Arnaud Gotlieb, Sagar Sen, Aymeric Hervieu

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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341

Visualizing DIII-D Tokamak magnetic field lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: graphics hardware, haloed lines, illuminated lines, interactive visualization, magentic field, plasma physics, tokamak

Greg Schussman; Kwan-Liu Ma; David Schissel; Todd Evans

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Web accessible image similarity measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Web accessible image similarity measurements. Background: There ... messages). Web Access to Image Similarity Measurements. ...

2013-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

343

Neutron Drip-Line Topography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of microscopic mass models is a crucial ingredient for the understanding of how most of the elements of our world were fabricated. Confidence in drip-line predictions of such models requires their comparison with new mass data for nuclides far from stability. We combine theory and experiment using results that are state of the art: the latest mass measurements from the Penning-trap spectrometer ISOLTRAP at CERN-ISOLDE are used to confront the predictions of the latest Skyrme-Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) microscopic mass models. In addition, we compare the new data to predictions of other types of mass models and the extrapolative behavior of the various models is analyzed to highlight topographical trends along the shores of the nuclear chart.

Ramirez, E. Minaya; Audi, G.; Lunney, D.; Naimi, S. [Centre de Spectrometrie Nucleaire et de Spectrometrie de Masse, Universite Paris Sud, Orsay (France); Beck, D.; Herfurth, F. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany); Blaum, K.; Borgmann, C.; George, S.; Kellerbauer, A. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany); Boehm, Ch.; Neidherr, D. [Institut fuer Physik, Johannes-Gutenberg-Universitaet, Mainz (Germany); Breitenfeldt, M.; Rosenbusch, M.; Schweikhard, L. [Institut fuer Physik, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universitaet, Greifswald (Germany); Chamel, N.; Goriely, S. [Institut d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles (Belgium); Herlert, A.; Kowalska, M. [Physics Department, Centre European de Recherche Nucleaire, Geneva (Switzerland); Pearson, J. M. [Department of Physics, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec (Canada)] (and others)

2009-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

344

Gamma-Ray Burst Lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The evidence for spectral features in gamma-ray bursts is summarized. As a guide for evaluating the evidence, the properties of gamma-ray detectors and the methods of analyzing gamma-ray spectra are reviewed. In the 1980's, observations indicated that absorption features below 100 keV were present in a large fraction of bright gamma-ray bursts. There were also reports of emission features around 400 keV. During the 1990's the situation has become much less clear. A small fraction of bursts observed with BATSE have statistically significant low-energy features, but the reality of the features is suspect because in several cases the data of the BATSE detectors appear to be inconsistent. Furthermore, most of the possible features appear in emission rather than the expected absorption. Analysis of data from other instruments has either not been finalized or has not detected lines.

Michael S. Briggs

1999-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

345

Superconducting transmission line particle detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microvertex particle detector for use in a high energy physic collider including a plurality of parallel superconducting thin film strips separated from a superconducting ground plane by an insulating layer to form a plurality of superconducting waveguides. The microvertex particle detector indicates passage of a charged subatomic particle by measuring a voltage pulse measured across a superconducting waveguide caused by the transition of the superconducting thin film strip from a superconducting to a non- superconducting state in response to the passage of a charged particle. A plurality of superconducting thin film strips in two orthogonal planes plus the slow electromagnetic wave propagating in a superconducting transmission line are used to resolve N/sup 2/ ambiguity of charged particle events. 6 figs.

Gray, K.E.

1988-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

346

Magnetically insulated transmission line oscillator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetically insulated transmission line oscillator employs self-generated magnetic fields to generate microwave energy. An anode of the oscillator includes slow-wave structures which are formed of a plurality of thin conductive vanes defining cavities therebetween, and a gap is formed between the anode and a cathode of the oscillator. In response to a pulsed voltage applied to the anode and cathode, self-generated magnetic fields arfe produced in a cross-field orientation with respect to the orientation of the electric field between the anode and the cathode. The cross-field magnetic fields insulate the flow of electrons in the gap and confine the flow of electrons within the gap.

Bacon, Larry D. (Albuquerque, NM); Ballard, William P. (Albuquerque, NM); Clark, M. Collins (Albuquerque, NM); Marder, Barry M. (Albuquerque, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Superconducting transmission line particle detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microvertex particle detector for use in a high energy physic collider including a plurality of parallel superconducting thin film strips separated from a superconducting ground plane by an insulating layer to form a plurality of superconducting waveguides. The microvertex particle detector indicates passage of a charged subatomic particle by measuring a voltage pulse measured across a superconducting waveguide caused by the transition of the superconducting thin film strip from a superconducting to a non-superconducting state in response to the passage of a charged particle. A plurality of superconducting thin film strips in two orthogonal planes plus the slow electromagnetic wave propogating in a superconducting transmission line are used to resolve N.sup.2 ambiguity of charged particle events.

Gray, Kenneth E. (Naperville, IL)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Power Line Calculator for DOS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Power Line Calculator (PLC) for DOS, version 1.0, is a program that describes the electrical characteristics of a transmission or distribution system given user-defined input. This input may consist of a combination of operating currents and phases, symmetric components, power factor, and real or reactive power. The program also allows the user to designate whether currents are present on the system neutral or in the ground. The PLC assumes that any value entered by the user remains fixed (e.g., phase current, power factor), and for underdetermined systems, basic default assumptions are incorporated: the power factor is held at or near 1.0, the net phase current is kept at or near zero, and the phase conductor currents are kept balanced. The program operates under PC/MS-DOS version 3.3 or later, and the output is available in both tabular and graphic formats.

Silva, J.M. (Enertech Consultants, Campbell, CA (United States))

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Magnetically insulated transmission line oscillator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetically insulated transmission line oscillator employs self-generated magnetic fields to generate microwave energy. An anode of the oscillator includes slow-wave structures which are formed of a plurality of thin conductive vanes defining cavities therebetween, and a gap is formed between the anode and a cathode of the oscillator. In response to a pulsed voltage applied to the anode and cathode, self-generated magnetic fields are produced in a cross-field orientation with respect to the orientation of the electric field between the anode and the cathode. The cross-field magnetic fields insulate the flow of electrons in the gap and confine the flow of electrons within the gap. 11 figs.

Bacon, L.D.; Ballard, W.P.; Clark, M.C.; Marder, B.M.

1987-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

350

On-line transformer monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are presently many different approaches to transformer monitoring, either on the market or under development. There are also, many different opinions about how on-line monitoring should be accomplished. On the one hand, efforts are being made to develop expert systems that monitor all transformer parameters and generate an estimate of overall transformer condition. On the other hand, a large number of transformer monitors, designed to monitor one or two specific parameters are already on the market. Another important factor to consider in choosing a monitor is who receives the information and how it is transmitted. The ultimate transformer monitor should feed into the supervisory control and data acquisition (Scada) system. This paper discusses the various aspects of this issue including asset protection, cost control, dissolved gases, pinpointing bad bushings and current transformers, hot spot measurement partial discharge, and water-in-oil measurements. 10 figs.

NONE

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Bomb-Pulse Chlorine-36 At The Proposed Yucca Mountain Repository Horizon: An Investigation Of Previous Conflicting Results And Collection Of New Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous studies by scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) found elevated ratios of chlorine-36 to total chloride ({sup 36}Cl/Cl) in samples of rock collected from the Exploratory Studies Facility (ESF) and the Enhanced Characterization of the Repository Block (ECRB) at Yucca Mountain as the tunnels were excavated. The data were interpreted as an indication that fluids containing 'bomb-pulse' {sup 36}Cl reached the repository horizon in the {approx}50 years since the peak period of above-ground nuclear testing. Moreover, the data support the concept that so-called fast pathways for infiltration not only exist but are active, possibly through a combination of porous media, faults and/or other geologic features. Due to the significance of {sup 36}Cl data to conceptual models of unsaturated zone flow and transport, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) was requested by the Department of Energy (DOE) to design and implement a study to validate the LANL findings. The USGS chose to drill new boreholes at select locations across zones where bomb-pulse ratios had previously been identified. The drill cores were analyzed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) for {sup 36}Cl/Cl using both active and passive leaches, with the USGS/LLNL concluding that the active leach extracted too much rock-Cl and the passive leach did not show bomb-pulse ratios. Because consensus was not reached between the USGS/LLNL and LANL on several fundamental points, including the conceptual strategy for sampling, interpretation and use of tritium ({sup 3}H) data, and the importance and interpretation of blanks, in addition to the presence or absence of bomb-pulse {sup 36}Cl, an evaluation by an independent entity, the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV), using new samples was initiated. This report is the result of that study. The overall objectives of the UNLV study were to investigate the source or sources of the conflicting results from the previous validation study, and to obtain additional data to determine whether or not there are bomb-pulse isotopes at the repository horizon. To that en4 we have engaged in discussions with previous investigators, reviewed reports, and analyzed archived samples. We have also collected new samples of rock from the ESF, soil profiles from the surface of Yucca Mountain, and opportunistic samples of seep water from inside the south ramp of the ESF.

J. Cizdziel

2006-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

352

Separation of magnetic field lines  

SciTech Connect

The field lines of magnetic fields that depend on three spatial coordinates are shown to have a fundamentally different behavior from those that depend on two coordinates. Unlike two-coordinate cases, a flux tube in a magnetic field that depends on all three spatial coordinates that has a circular cross section at one location along the tube characteristically has a highly distorted cross section at other locations. In an ideal evolution of a magnetic field, the current densities typically increase. Crudely stated, if the current densities increase by a factor {sigma}, the ratio of the long to the short distance across a cross section of a flux tube characteristically increases by e{sup 2{sigma}}, and the ratio of the longer distance to the initial radius increases as e{sup {sigma}}. Electron inertia prevents a plasma from isolating two magnetic field structures on a distance scale shorter than c/{omega}{sub pe}, which is about 10 cm in the solar corona, and reconnection must be triggered if {sigma} becomes sufficiently large. The radius of the sun, R{sub Circled-Dot-Operator }=7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 10}cm is about e{sup 23} times larger, so when {sigma} Greater-Than-Or-Equivalent-To 23, two lines separated by c/{omega}{sub pe} at one location can be separated by the full scale of any magnetic structures in the corona at another. The conditions for achieving a large exponentiation, {sigma}, are derived, and the importance of exponentiation is discussed.

Boozer, Allen H. [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

353

Marine surveys aid gas line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detailed marine surveys helped B.C. Hydro, a Canadian gas distribution utility, select the submarine route portion of the proposed Vancouver Island gas pipeline system. In 1984, after a series of government hearings, B.C. Hydro's route selection was adopted by the British Columbia Provincial Government. Vancouver Island is the last major population center in Western Canada not supplied with natural gas. In fact, studies of a gas pipeline to the island have been carried out periodically over the past 30 years. But until recently, all schemes have appeared unattractive because of a combination of technical, economic, and political factors. The proposed Vancouver Island project which is awaiting funding, consists of a dual 52.7-km marine transmission pipeline link from the mainland to the island. Diameter of this portion of line will be either 12 of 16-in. Also, part of the proposed system will be an 18.5-km line on the mainland, a 280-km transmission pipeline on the island, compression facilities, and distribution systems in the major population centers. Diameters for the land portions will vary between 6 and 24 in. For several months in late 1983 and early 1984, the project was the subject of public hearings held by the British Columbia Utilities Commission. This process was complicated when two companies applied to construct and operate the marine pipeline link to the island using completely different routes and techniques. In July 1984, the commission recommended to the Provincial Government that B.C. Hydro's proposal for the marine pipeline be accepted. It further recommended that an Energy Project Certificate for construction of the pipeline link to the island be awarded to B.C. Hydro. The recommendation was accepted by the Provincial Government and the project now awaits a funding agreement between the Federal and Provincial Governments.

Park, C.A.; Baines, F.A. Koenig, H.L.

1986-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

354

Image registration method for medical image sequences  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Image registration of low contrast image sequences is provided. In one aspect, a desired region of an image is automatically segmented and only the desired region is registered. Active contours and adaptive thresholding of intensity or edge information may be used to segment the desired regions. A transform function is defined to register the segmented region, and sub-pixel information may be determined using one or more interpolation methods.

Gee, Timothy F.; Goddard, James S.

2013-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

355

Power Quality Investigation at a Midwest Hospital: Magnetic Resonance Imaging System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, a Midwest hospital contacted its electric utility about malfunctions involving imaging systems including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT). The MRI system was the primary concern for the hospital. The MRI system was manufactured by a leading imaging system manufacturer and the CT system was manufactured by another leading imaging system manufacturer. To begin investigating the problem, the hospital requested that power-line monitoring be conducted at the facility. Th...

2007-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

356

Writer-independent off-line signature verification using surroundedness feature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper presents a novel set of features based on surroundedness property of a signature (image in binary form) for off-line signature verification. The proposed feature set describes the shape of a signature in terms of spatial distribution of black ... Keywords: Feature selection, Shape, Signature verification, Surroundedness, Texture

Rajesh Kumar; J. D. Sharma; Bhabatosh Chanda

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Computing criticality of lines in power systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — We propose a computationally efficient method based on nonlinear optimization to identify critical lines, failure of which can cause severe blackouts. Our method computes criticality measure for all lines at a time, as opposed to detecting a single vulnerability, providing a global view of the system. This information on criticality of lines can be used to identify multiple contingencies by selectively exploring multiple combinations of broken lines. The effectiveness of our method is demonstrated on the IEEE 30 and 118 bus systems, where we can very quickly detect the most critical lines in the system and identify severe multiple contingencies. I.

Ali P?nar; Adam Reichert; Bernard Lesieutre

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Definition: Transmission Line | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Line Line (Redirected from Definition:Transmission lines) Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Transmission Line A system of structures, wires, insulators and associated hardware that carry electric energy from one point to another in an electric power system. Lines are operated at relatively high voltages varying from 69 kV up to 765 kV, and are capable of transmitting large quantities of electricity over long distances.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition An overhead power line, also known as a "pylon" in some areas, is a structure used in electric power transmission and distribution to transmit electrical energy along large distances. It consists of one or more conductors (most often three or four) suspended by towers or utility poles. Since most of the insulation is provided by air, overhead power lines are

359

Line Extension Alternatives | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Line Extension Alternatives Line Extension Alternatives Line Extension Alternatives < Back Eligibility Utility Savings Category Energy Sources Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Program Info State Vermont Program Type Line Extension Analysis Provider Vermont Department of Public Service The Public Service Board (PSB) of Vermont developed rules regarding utility line extension requests. While the majority of the rules focus on the procedure followed (and associated fees) for the actual line extensions, the PSB also included a provision that requires the electric utilities to provide written information to customers about off-grid electricity generators as an alternative to line extensions. The PSB recognized that in many cases off-grid electricity generators are less expensive than

360

Line Extension Analysis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Line Extension Analysis Line Extension Analysis Jump to: navigation, search When a prospective electric customer requests service for a home or facility that is not currently serviced by the electric grid, the customer usually must pay a distance-based fee for the cost of extending power lines to the home or facility. In many cases, it is cheaper to use an on-site renewable energy system to meet a prospective customerÂ’s electricity needs. Certain states require utilities to provide information regarding renewable energy options when prospective customers request a line extension. [1] Line Extension Analysis Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 12) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Authorization of Line Extension (Nebraska) Line Extension Analysis Nebraska Agricultural

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Estes-Flatiron Transmission Line Rebuild  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Estes-Flatiron Transmission Line Rebuild Estes-Flatiron Transmission Line Rebuild Skip Navigation Links Transmission Functions Infrastructure projects Interconnection OASIS OATT Estes-Flatiron Transmission Line Rebuild Project Western Area Power Administration proposes to rebuild approximately 32 miles of double wood-pole structure 115-kilovolt transmission line that exists between Estes Park and Flatiron Reservoir in Larimer County, Colo. The proposal would remove 16 miles of transmission line, and modernize 16 miles to steel-pole double-circuit 115-kV transmission line. The reduction and modernizing of transmission lines will occur on Federal, state and private lands. The public parcels are administered by the Arapaho and Roosevelt National Forest, which is a cooperating agency in the project.

362

2011 HM102: Discovery of a High-Inclination L5 Neptune Trojan in the Search for a post-Pluto New Horizons Target  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the discovery of a long-term stable L5 (trailing) Neptune Trojan in data acquired to search for candidate Trans-Neptunian objects for the New Horizons spacecraft to fly by during an extended post-Pluto mission. This Neptune Trojan, 2011 HM102, has the highest inclination (29.4 degrees) of any known member of this population. It is intrinsically brighter than any single L5 Jupiter Trojan at H_V ~ 8.18. We have determined its gri colors (a first for any L5 Neptune Trojan), which we find to be similar to the moderately red colors of the L4 Neptune Trojans, indicating similar surface properties for members of both Trojan clouds. We also present colors derived from archival data for two L4 Neptune Trojans (2006 RJ103 and 2007 VL305), better refining the overall color distribution of the population. In this document we describe the discovery circumstances, our physical characterization of 2011 HM102, and this object's implications for the Neptune Trojan population overall. Finally, we discuss the prospec...

Parker, Alex H; Osip, David J; Gwyn, Stephen D J; Holman, Matthew J; Borncamp, David M; Spencer, John R; Benecchi, Susan D; Binzel, Richard P; DeMeo, Francesca E; Fabbro, Sebastian; Fuentes, Cesar I; Gay, Pamela L; Kavelaars, J J; McLeod, Brian A; Petit, Jean-Marc; Sheppard, Scott S; Stern, S Alan; Tholen, David J; Trilling, David E; Ragozzine, Darin A; Wasserman, Lawrence H; Hunters, the Ice

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Method and apparatus for imaging a sample on a device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for imaging a sample are provided. An electromagnetic radiation source generates excitation radiation which is sized by excitation optics to a line. The line is directed at a sample resting on a support and excites a plurality of regions on the sample. Collection optics collect response radiation reflected from the sample I and image the reflected radiation. A detector senses the reflected radiation and is positioned to permit discrimination between radiation reflected from a certain focal plane in the sample and certain other planes within the sample.

Trulson, Mark (Santa Clara, CA); Stern, David (Mountain View, CA); Fiekowsky, Peter (Los Altos, CA); Rava, Richard (Palo Alto, CA); Walton, Ian (Menlo Park, CA); Fodor, Stephen P. A. (Palo Alto, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Methodology and apparatus for diffuse photon imaging  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Non-invasive near infrared optical medical imaging devices for both hematoma detection in the brain and early tumor detection in the breast is achieved using image reconstruction which allows a mapping of the position dependent contrast diffusive propagation constants, which are related to the optical absorption coefficient and scattering coefficient in the tissue, at near infrared wavelengths. Spatial resolutions in the range of 5 mm for adult brain sizes and breast sizes can be achieved. The image reconstruction utilizes WKB approximation on most probable diffusion paths which has as lowest order approximation the straight line-of-sight between the plurality of sources and the plurality of detectors. The WKB approximation yields a set of linear equations in which the contrast optical absorption coefficients are the unknowns and for which signals can be generated to produce a pixel map of the contrast optical resolution of the scanned tissue. 58 figs.

Feng, S.C.; Zeng, F.; Zhao, H.L.

1997-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

365

Estimation theoretical image restoration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we have developed an extensive study to evaluate image restoration from a single image, colored or monochromatic. Using a mixture of Gaussian and Poisson noise process, we derived an objective function to ...

Dolne, Jean J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Spectrographic imaging system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An imaging system for providing spectrographically resolved images. The system incorporates a one-dimensional spatial encoding mask which enables an image to be projected onto a two-dimensional image detector after spectral dispersion of the image. The dimension of the image which is lost due to spectral dispersion on the two-dimensional detector is recovered through employing a reverse transform based on presenting a multiplicity of different spatial encoding patterns to the image. The system is especially adapted for detecting Raman scattering of monochromatic light transmitted through or reflected from physical samples. Preferably, spatial encoding is achieved through the use of Hadamard mask which selectively transmits or blocks portions of the image from the sample being evaluated.

Morris, Michael D. (Ann Arbor, MI); Treado, Patrick J. (Ann Arbor, MI)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Synthetic stereoscopic panoramic images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presented here is a discussion of the techniques required to create stereoscopic panoramic images. Such images allow interactive exploration of 3D environments with stereoscopic depth cues. If projected in a surround display environment they can engage ...

Paul Bourke

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Nuclear Imaging instrumentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear Imaging instrumentation Advances in gamma-ray detection and imaging have increased the pace of discovery in a broad cross-section of the sciences ranging from nuclear...

369

On subwavelength imaging of Maxwell's fish eye lens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Both explicit analysis and FEM numerical simulation are used to analyze the field distribution of a line current in the so-called Maxwell's fish eye lens, which has been claimed recently to be able to achieve perfect imaging. We show that such a Maxwell's fish eye lens cannot give perfect imaging due to the fact that high order modes of the object field can hardly reach the image point in the Maxwell's fish eye. If only zero order mode is excited, a subwavelength image can be achieved, however, its spot-size is larger than the spot size of the source field. The image resolution is determined by the field spot size of the image corresponding to the zeroth order component of the object field. Our explicit analysis consists very well with the FEM results for a modified fish eye bounded with perfectly electrical conductor (PEC). Explicit condition is given for achieving a subwavelength image. When this condition is not satisfied, a single line current source may give multiple image spots.

Sun, Fei

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Definition: Transmission Line | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transmission Line Transmission Line Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Transmission Line A system of structures, wires, insulators and associated hardware that carry electric energy from one point to another in an electric power system. Lines are operated at relatively high voltages varying from 69 kV up to 765 kV, and are capable of transmitting large quantities of electricity over long distances.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition An overhead power line, also known as a "pylon" in some areas, is a structure used in electric power transmission and distribution to transmit electrical energy along large distances. It consists of one or more conductors (most often three or four) suspended by towers or utility poles. Since most of the insulation is provided by air, overhead power lines are

371

Single transmission line data acquisition system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single transmission line interrogated multiple channel data acquisition system is provided in which a plurality of remote station/sensors monitor specific process variables and transmit measurement values over the single transmission line to a master station when addressed by the master station. Power for all remote stations (up to 980) is provided by driving the line with constant voltage supplied from the master station and automatically maintained independent of the number of remote stations directly connected to the line. The transmission line can be an RG-62 coaxial cable with lengths up to about 10,000 feet with branches up to 500 feet. The remote stations can be attached randomly along the line. The remote stations can be scanned at rates up to 980 channels/second.

Fasching, George E. (Morgantown, WV)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

NSLS-II Transport Line Progress  

SciTech Connect

The National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II) is a state-of-the-art 3-GeV third generation light source currently under construction at Brookhaven National Laboratory. The NSLS-II injection system consists of a 200 MeV linac, a 3-GeV booster synchrotron and associated transfer lines. The first part of the Linac to Booster Transport (LBT) line has been installed for linac commissioning. This part includes all components necessary to commission the NSLS-II linac. The second part of this transport line is undergoing installation. Initial results of hardware commissioning will be discussed. The Booster to Storage Ring (BSR) transport line underwent a design review. The first part of the BSR transport line, consisting of all components necessary to commission the booster will be installed in 2012 for booster commissioning. We report on the final design of the BSR line along with the plan to commission the booster.

Fliller R. P.; Wahl, W.; Anderson, A.; Benish, B.; DeBoer, W.; Ganetis, G.; Heese, R.; Hseuh, H.-C.; Hu, J.-P.; Johanson, M.P.; Kosciuk, B.N.; Padrazo, D.; Roy, K.; Shaftan, T.; Singh, O.; Tuozzolo, J.; Wang, G.

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

373

Magnetic Materials for Broadband Transmission Line  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The author’s series of articles on broadband transmission line transformers (TLTs) concludes with these notes on magnetic materials and the properties that are important for best performance Ferrite and iron powder magnetic materials were developed to support a wide range of components, including inductors, EMI suppressors, conventional transformers and transmission line transformers (TLTs). This article deals with transmission line transformers, presenting the observations and conclusions of the author, reached after extensive experimental research into the behavior and performance of these devices in broadband applications. Figure 1 · The three transformers used in comparing the performance of the autotransformer and the transmission line transformer. At the top left is an autotransformer; at the top right is the transmission line transformer, while at the bottom is a transmission line transformer without a ferrite core. All transformers had a total of 10 turns.

Jerry Sevick

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

NIST Image Gallery: Search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Search Tips - Search index includes image titles, descriptions, other text fields - Searches are case-insensitive - Keyword2 is optional. ...

375

Cell Image Visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Biological cell image analysis projects include methods to measure cell segmentation accuracy and new segmentation methods to track live cells. ...

2011-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

376

Video image position determination  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical beam position controller in which a video camera captures an image of the beam in its video frames, and conveys those images to a processing board which calculates the centroid coordinates for the image. The image coordinates are used by motor controllers and stepper motors to position the beam in a predetermined alignment. In one embodiment, system noise, used in conjunction with Bernoulli trials, yields higher resolution centroid coordinates.

Christensen, Wynn (Los Alamos, NM); Anderson, Forrest L. (Bernalillo, NM); Kortegaard, Birchard L. (Los Alamos, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Imaging with Scattered Neutrons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a novel experimental technique for neutron imaging with scattered neutrons. These scattered neutrons are of interest for condensed matter physics, because they permit to reveal the local distribution of incoherent and coherent scattering within a sample. In contrast to standard attenuation based imaging, scattered neutron imaging distinguishes between the scattering cross section and the total attenuation cross section including absorption. First successful low-noise millimeter-resolution images by scattered neutron radiography and tomography are presented.

H. Ballhausen; H. Abele; R. Gaehler; M. Trapp; A. Van Overberghe

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

378

Neutron imaging of alkali metal heat pipes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-temperature heat pipes are two-phase, capillary driven heat transfer devices capable of passively providing high thermal fluxes. Such a device using a liquid-metal coolant can be used as a solution for successful thermal management on hypersonic flight vehicles. Imaging of the liquid-metal coolant inside will provide valuable information in characterizing the detailed heat and mass transport. Neutron imaging possesses an inherent advantage from the fact that neutrons penetrate the heat pipe metal walls with very little attenuation, but are significantly attenuated by the liquid metal contained inside. Using the BT-2 beam line at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in Gaithersburg, Maryland, preliminary efforts have been conducted on a nickel-sodium heat pipe. The contrast between the attenuated beam and the background is calculated to be approximately 3%. This low contrast requires sacrifice in spatial or temporal resolution so efforts have since been concentrated on lithium (Li) which has a substantially larger neutron attenuation cross section. Using the CG-1D beam line at the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, the first neutron images of high-temperature molybdenum (Mo)-Li heat pipes have been achieved. The relatively high neutron cross section of Li allows for the visualization of the Li working fluid inside the heat pipes. The evaporator region of a gravity assisted cylindrical heat pipe prototype 25 cm long was imaged from start-up to steady state operation up to approximately 900 C. In each corner of the square bore inside, the capillary action raises the Li meniscus above the bulk Li pool in the evaporator region. As the operational temperature changes, the meniscus shapes and the bulk meniscus height also changes. Furthermore, a three-dimensional tomographic image is also reconstructed from the total of 128 projection images taken 1.4o apart in which the Li had already cooled and solidified.

Kihm, Ken [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Kirchoff, Eric [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Golden, Matt [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Rosenfeld, J. [Thermacore Inc.; Rawal, S. [Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company; Pratt, D. [United States Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base; Bilheux, Hassina Z [ORNL; Walker, Lakeisha MH [ORNL; Voisin, Sophie [ORNL; Hussey, Dan [NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCRN), Gaithersburg, MD

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Evaluation of Emerging Line Inspection Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes field tests to examine various technologies available to establish conductor temperature during lidar field surveys of existing transmission lines. This is critical to assembling a proper line model to determine accurate sags and clearances. Lidar surveys are intended to demonstrate whether transmission lines have required clearances under full rating and specified environmental conditions. Typically, the technique used to establish conductor temperature at the ...

2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

380

Electrical Effects of HVDC Transmission Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission lines are used to transmit large amounts of power over long distances. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and others have produced many publications over approximately the past three decades, expounding on this topic. Several HVDC transmission lines have been built and have been in operation around the world over that period, and recently, there has been increased interest in the advantages that HVDC transmission affords. HVDC lines, like high-vol...

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Document Imaging | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Document Imaging Document Imaging Employee Services Cafeterias Conferencing and Special Events Copy Services Document Imaging Exchange Visitors Program Facility Operations Food...

382

Near-Electrode Imager  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus, near-electrode imager, for employing nuclear magnetic resonance imaging to provide in situ measurements of electrochemical properties of a sample as a function of distance from a working electrode. The near-electrode imager use the radio frequency field gradient within a cylindrical toroid cavity resonator to provide high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance spectral information on electrolyte materials.

Rathke, Jerome W.; Klingler, Robert J.; Woelk, Klaus; Gerald, Rex E.,II

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Acoustic Imaging Suite  

INL’s acoustic imaging technology improves methods of capturing moving images of a specified object by using a photorefractive effect to produce a full-field image of the object without using a probe to perform a full scan of the object. INL ...

384

Medical imaging systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A medical imaging system provides simultaneous rendering of visible light and diagnostic or functional images. The system may be portable, and may include adapters for connecting various light sources and cameras in open surgical environments or laparascopic or endoscopic environments. A user interface provides control over the functionality of the integrated imaging system. In one embodiment, the system provides a tool for surgical pathology.

Frangioni, John V

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

385

Diagnostic Imaging Emergency Medicine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UC Davis Veterinary Diagnostic Imaging Symposium Emergency Medicine May 15, 2011 Gladys Valley Hall devoted to triage, assessment, and imaging diagnostics in emergency medicine. Speakers in this year's symposium include specialists in diagnostic imaging, and emergency and critical care. Sunday May 15, 2011 8

Hammock, Bruce D.

386

Plains & Eastern Clean Line Project Proposal for New or Upgraded...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Plains & Eastern Clean Line Project Proposal for New or Upgraded Transmission Line Projects Under Section 1222 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 Plains & Eastern Clean Line Project...

387

20120131 DOE Congestion Study Clean Line Comments 2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Line is an independent developer of four long-haul, high voltage direct current ("HVDC") transmission lines across the United States. Clean Line focuses exclusively on connecting...

388

Point-line spaces related to Jordan pairs.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A point-line space is an abstract geometric object that consists of a set of points and a set of lines such that on each line… (more)

Huggenberger, Simon

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Fermilab | Take Five for Goal Zero | Gloves | Lined Leather Gloves  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lined Leather Gloves Lined Leather Gloves Description Color Finish Uses FNAL Stock Number Fleece lined for warmth Keystone Thumb Shirred Elastic Back Color coded cuff indicates...

390

A neural architecture for simultaneous MAP image restoration and MLestimation of edge-preserving Gibbs priors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes an iterative procedure that simultaneously computes the MAP restoration of an image and the ML estimation of the unknown model parameters, when piecewise smooth MRF models with an explicit, constrained line process are considered. ...

Luigi Bedini; Anna Tonazzini; Salvatore Minutoli

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

A bayesian approach for building detection in densely build-up high resolution satellite image  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a novel automatic approach for building detection from high resolution satellite image with densely build-up buildings. Unlike the previous approaches which normally start with lines and junctions, our approach is based on regions. ...

Zongying Song; Chunhong Pan; Q. Yang

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

NIST: Atomic Spectros. - Spectral Line Shapes, etc.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... For a Maxwellian velocity distribution, the line shape is Gaussian; the full width at ... Shapes are often approximately Lorentzian, ie, I(?) ? {1 + [(? - ? 0 ...

393

Transmission Line Security Monitor: Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Electric Power Transmission Line Security Monitor System Operational Test is a project funded by the Technical Support Working Group (TSWG). TSWG operates under the Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office that functions under the Department of Defense. The Transmission Line Security Monitor System is based on technology developed by Idaho National Laboratory. The technology provides a means for real-time monitoring of physical threats and/or damage to electrical transmission line towers and conductors as well as providing operational parameters to transmission line operators to optimize transmission line operation. The end use is for monitoring long stretches of transmission lines that deliver electrical power from remote generating stations to cities and industry. These transmission lines are generally located in remote transmission line corridors where security infrastructure may not exist. Security and operational sensors in the sensor platform on the conductors take power from the transmission line and relay security and operational information to operations personnel hundreds of miles away without relying on existing infrastructure. Initiated on May 25, 2007, this project resulted in pre-production units tested in realistic operational environments during 2010. A technology licensee, Lindsey Manufacturing of Azusa California, is assisting in design, testing, and ultimately production. The platform was originally designed for a security monitoring mission, but it has been enhanced to include important operational features desired by electrical utilities.

John Svoboda

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Northern Pass Transmission Line Project Environmental Impact...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Northern Pass Transmission Line Project Environmental Impact Statement: Announcement of Change in Public Meeting Location: Federal Register Notice Volume 78, No. 181 - September...

395

Emergency Management Lines of Inquiry, April 2008  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3, 2008 EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT Inspection Criteria, Activities, and Lines of Inquiry Functional Area: Hazards Survey (HS) and Emergency Planning Hazards Assessment (EPHA) Inspection...

396

Gila to North Gila Transmission Line Rebuild  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Western proposes to rebuild and upgrade two, parallel, 4.8-mile-long transmission lines located between Gila and North Gila Substations and take land actions...

397

Estes-Flatiron Transmission Line Rebuild  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

which is a cooperating agency in the project. The proposed project would: Rebuild aging and deteriorating transmission lines Reduce the number of linear miles of transmission...

398

Nonthermal effects on hydrogen-line profiles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Experimentally determined level populations of hydrogen excited states from a low-density Z pinch are used as initial conditions in a simulation to derive electron-velocity distributions. These velocity distributions show excess electrons in the high velocity end of the distribution when compared to a Maxwellian velocity distribution. The non-Maxwellian velocity distributions are used to find the nonequilibrium structure factors which are a main component in the plasma line broadening of hydrogen lines. The line profiles generated using the structure factors show plasmon satellites on the wings of the Balmer-..cap alpha..- and -..beta..-line profiles.

Lee, R.W.; Morgan, W.L.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Line Heat-Source Guarded Hot Plate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Line Heat-Source Guarded Hot Plate. Description: The 1-meter guarded hot-plate apparatus measures thermal conductivity of building insulation. ...

2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

400

Emergency Management Lines of Inquiry, April 2008  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

23, 2008 EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT Inspection Criteria, Activities, and Lines of Inquiry Functional Area: Hazards Survey (HS) and Emergency Planning Hazards Assessment (EPHA) Inspection...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Effects of line shifts and the ion quadrupole contribution of spectral line asymmetries.  

SciTech Connect

Line asymmetries and the corresponding shift of spectral lines due to the electron penetration of the radiator orbitals and the ion quadrupole contribution become more significant with increasing principal quantum number and increasing electron density. The mean field static shift due to electron penetration of the orbitals gives rise to an overall shift of the line to lower energy and a significant asymmetry near line center, but does not generate much redhlue far wing asymmetry. The ion quadrupole contribution results in a small blue shift of the spectral line and a small change in asymmetry near line center, but it gives rise to a significant redhlue wing asymmetry in the far wings of the line. Experimental data fiom recent spherical implosion experiments on OMEGA shows evidence of the mean field static shift and may also show the effects of level interactions between the Ar Lyman -{gamma}, -{delta}, -{var_epsilon} lines and also the Ar He -{gamma}, -{delta} lines.

Gunderson, M. A. (Mark A.); Delamater, N. D. (Norman D.); Kilcrease, D. P. (David P.); Haynes, D. A. (Donald A.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Theoretical Atomic Physics code development IV: LINES, A code for computing atomic line spectra  

SciTech Connect

A new computer program, LINES, has been developed for simulating atomic line emission and absorption spectra using the accurate fine structure energy levels and transition strengths calculated by the (CATS) Cowan Atomic Structure code. Population distributions for the ion stages are obtained in LINES by using the Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium (LTE) model. LINES is also useful for displaying the pertinent atomic data generated by CATS. This report describes the use of LINES. Both CATS and LINES are part of the Theoretical Atomic PhysicS (TAPS) code development effort at Los Alamos. 11 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

Abdallah, J. Jr.; Clark, R.E.H.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Bomb-Pulse Chlorine-36 at the Proposed Yucca Mountain Repository Horizon: An Investigation of Previous Conflicting Results and Collection of New Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous studies Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) found elevated ratios of chlorine-36 to total chloride (36Cl/Cl) in samples of rock collected from the Exploratory Studies Facility (ESF) at Yucca Mountain (YM). The data were interpreted as an indication that fluids containing “bomb-pulse” 36Cl reached the repository horizon in the ~50 years since the peak period of above-ground nuclear testing. Due to the significance of 36Cl data to conceptual models of unsaturated zone flow, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) implemented a study to validate the LANL findings. The USGS drilled new boreholes at select locations across zones where bomb-pulse ratios had previously been identified. The drill cores were analyzed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Because consensus was not reached between the USGS/LLNL and LANL on several fundamental points including the presence or absence of bomb-pulse 36Cl, an evaluation by the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV), was initiated. The overall objectives of the UNLV study were to investigate the source of the validation study’s conflicting results, and to obtain additional data on bomb-pulse isotopes at the repository horizon. UNLV engaged in discussions with previous investigators, reviewed reports, and analyzed archived samples. UNLV also collected new samples of rock from the ESF, soil profiles from the surface of YM, and samples of seep water from inside the ESF. Samples were analyzed for 36Cl/Cl ratios, and 99Tc and 129I in select samples. A column experiment was conducted mimicking the passage of bomb-pulse 36Cl through YM tuff. The work faced several obstacles including an extended shutdown of the tunnel. Only one sample yielded a background corrected 36Cl/Cl ratio that was higher than the accepted bomb-pulse threshold (1250 x 10-15). Specimen 01034214 obtained from the Drill Hole Wash fault (19+33) had a ratio of 1590 ± 80 (1?) x10-15, whereas the other separate sample from this fault zone yielded 1160 ± 50 (1?) x 10-15. Three samples collected from Alcove 6 averaged 490 ± 100 (1?) x10-15; a sample from Sundance Fault resulted in a ratio of 920 ± 60 (1?) x10-15, and a sample from the Bow Ridge Fault produced 530 ± 20 (1?) x10-15. The results are significant because: 1) they tend to be lower than LANL data for comparable samples, albeit in agreement with the range of data produced in the area, and 2) they show that a bomb-pulse 36Cl/Cl ratio was measured in rock collected at the repository horizon level by a second and independent group of investigators (UNLV). Because of time UNLV was not able to replicate the results, and these few data points are insufficient to draw major and definitive conclusions. Leachates of soil samples collected from the surface above the ESF yielded several ratios with bomb-pulse 36Cl, particularly for samples encompassing the wetting front. Soil samples collected above the south ramp, where there was limited soil coverage due to a large amount of rock outcrop, had relatively large ratios ranging from 2170 ± 110 (1?) x10-15 to 5670 ± 350 (1?) x10-15. Soil samples from profiles from above the north ramp ranged from 820 ± 70 (1?) x10-15 to 2390 ± 160 (1?) x10-15, which compare favorably with previous measurements near the site. Water seepage into the ESF south ramp and 36Cl standards made from NIST material were also analyzed. The standards were produced to have nominal 36Cl/Cl ratios (10-15) of 500, 2,500 and 10,000 and the results showed good agreement with the calculated ratios. The seepage samples ranged between 680 ± 40 (1?) x10-15 to 1110 ± 40 (1?) x10-15, consistent with that found for modern meteoric water, with a small bomb-pulse component. Bomb-pulse 36Cl may not have been incorporated in this fast-path water because the surface above the infiltration zone consists mostly of outcrop and the flow pathways have probably mostly been leached. 99Tc was measured in five of nine leaches of ESF rock but poor analytical recoveries and lack of data overlap with 36Cl limit interpretations of these data

Cizdziel, James

2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

404

SNAP Image Gallery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Images Images Cutaway image of SNAP A cutaway illustration of SNAP showing some of the interior optics. Cutaway image of SNAP A computer generated cutaway illustration of SNAP Cutaway image of SNAP's primary mirror A computer generated cutaway illustration of SNAP's primary mirror image of SNAP spacecraft A computer generated illustration of the SNAP spacecraft computer generated image of SNAP A computer generated illustration of SNAP Before-and-after pictures (and Hubble Space Telescope picture) of a high-redshift supernovae discovered by the Supernova Cosmology Project in March, 1998. Before-and-after pictures (and Hubble Space Telescope picture) of a high-redshift supernovae discovered in March, 1998. This observaton showed that the expansion of the universe was accelerarting. Credit: High Redshift Supernova Search Supernova Cosmology Project

405

Shape-based image retrieval applied to trademark images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this chapter, we propose a new shape-based, query-by-example, image database retrieval method that is able to match a query image to one of the images in the database, based on a whole or partial match. The proposed method has two key components: ... Keywords: image databases, shape analysis, shape representation, shape-based image retrieval, trademark image retrieval

Ossama El Badawy; Mohamed Kamel

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

OpenEI Community - images  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Image upload with broken thumbnail image http:en.openei.orgcommunitydiscussionimage-upload-broken-thumbnail-image

OpenEI users can upload images to the wiki by typing a new...

407

Similarity Retrieval of Trademark Images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Artisan system retrieves abstract trademark images by shape similarity. It analyzes each image to characterize key shape components, grouping image regions into families that potentially mirror human image perception, and then derives characteristic ...

John P. Eakins; Jago M. Boardman; Margaret E. Graham

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

ON THE ANTI-CORRELATION BETWEEN SPECTRAL LINE BROADENING AND INTENSITY IN CORONAL STRUCTURES OBSERVED WITH EIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The advance in spectral resolution of the Extreme Ultraviolet Imaging (EIS) spectrometer on board Hinode has allowed for more detailed analysis of coronal spectral lines. Large line broadening and blueshifted velocities have been found in the periphery of active region (AR) cores and near the footpoints of coronal loops. This line broadening is yet to be understood. We study the correlation of intensity and line width for entire ARs and sub-regions selected to include coronal features. The results show that although a slight positive correlation can be found when considering whole images, many sub-regions have a negative correlation between intensity and line width. Sections of a coronal loop display some of the largest anti-correlations found for this study with the increased line broadening occurring directly adjacent to the footpoint section of the loop structure, not at the footpoint itself. The broadened lines may be due to a second Doppler-shifted component that is separate from the main emitting feature such as a coronal loop, but related in their excitation. The small size of these features forces the considerations of investigator and instrumental effects. Preliminary analyses are shown that indicate the possibility of a point-spread function that is not azimuthally symmetric and may affect velocity and line profile measurements.

Scott, J. T.; Martens, P. C. H. [Deptartment of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717 (United States)

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

The Swinburne on-line education project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many universities throughout the world are exploring the possibilities of on-line delivery of educational programs. These developments have the potential to significantly change the face of higher education as we know it today. In order to compete in ... Keywords: WWW, on-line education

C. J. Pilgrim; M. J. Creek

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

results and benefits... The Bittern Line Carbon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

results and benefits... The Bittern Line Carbon Neutral Stations Transport Regeneration Ltd. June 2008 c a s e s t u d yCRed carbon reduction Project Summary Our client, Transport Regeneration Ltd., aims to make nine stations on the Bittern Line between Norwich and Sheringham carbon neutral

Everest, Graham R

411

Requirements Uncertainty in a Software Product Line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A complex system's requirements almost always remain uncertain late into its software development. In gas turbine engine control systems at Rolls-Royce, for a traditional project (non-product line) typically 50% of requirements will change between Critical ... Keywords: Requirements, Uncertainty, Software Product Lines

Andy J. Nolan; Silvia Abrahao; Paul C. Clements; Andy Pickard

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Product Line Pricing in a Supply Chain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A vertically integrated channel would prefer to coordinate the pricing of its products. In this paper, we investigate drivers of product line pricing decisions in a bilateral monopoly where a manufacturer produces and sells two substitutable or complementary ... Keywords: complement, equilibrium, marketing, product line pricing, substitute, vertical strategic interaction

Lingxiu Dong; Chakravarthi Narasimhan; Kaijie Zhu

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Transmission line protection based on travelling waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Major problem of tripping signal of a relay based on steady state component does not warranty faster tripping schemes for protection of extra high voltage transmission lines. Proposed work has made an attempt to find solution to the problem of fault ... Keywords: postfault voltage, relaying signals, surge impedence, transmission line protection, travelling waves

Anuradha S. Deshpande; Grishma S. Shah

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Base line estimation using sparse nonlinear operators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Efficient nonlinear operators for base line estimation of high energy physics detector signals are introduced. Due to the high processing rate requirements the operators are simplified using sparse input sequences. The operators are a sparse order statistic ... Keywords: base line estimation, filter training, order statistic filter

Sami J. Inkinen; Yrjö Neuvo

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Overhead Line Worker Practices Survey: 2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has undertaken a multiyear research project to identify and describe leading industry overhead line worker practices. This effort is intended to identify and document industry overhead distribution line work practices of note, identify shortterm products (such as practices guidelines) that EPRI can ...

2012-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

416

Separation axioms and the fuzzy real lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show that for each lattice L which is completely distributive and equipped with an order-reversing involution, the canonical topology of the fuzzy real line @?(L) is uniformizable in the sense of Hutton; furthermore, this uniformity induces a pseudometric ... Keywords: ?-Hausdorff, Fuzzy subspace, Fuzzy topology, Product L-fuzzy real line, Pseudometrizable, Quasi-uniformity, Suitable, Uniformity

S. E. Rodabaugh

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Accelerating line extraction based on GPU  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new line extraction accelerating algorithm based upon graphics processing units (GPUs) is presented. Several techniques are proposed to optimize the GPU computation. Among those improvements, the most important one is the use of "seed pixels", which ... Keywords: GPU, line extraction, parallel processing, phase-based grouping

Li Yu; Xiao'an Tang; Bo Tang

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

A Fast Line-by-Line Method for Atmospheric Absorption Computations: The Automatized Atmospheric Absorption Atlas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A computationally fast line-by-line method for the determination of atmospheric absorption is described. This method is based on the creation of an Automatized Atmospheric Absorption Atlas (4A) covering all possible plausible atmospheric ...

N. A. Scott; A. Chedin

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Substation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Substation Construction Projects (Wisconsin) Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Substation...

420

Coupled Lines/Multiport Measurement/Orthogonal Calibration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... understanding of lossy multiconductor transmission lines and modal cross powers. These theoretical developments in coupled line theory have led ...

2012-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Kangley - Echo Lake Transmission Line Project, Final Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Selleck Kangley North Bend Cedar Falls Existing Transmission Lines Proposed Transmission Line Alternatives Under Consideration BPA Substation Alternative * * * * * * ...

422

Image segmentation based measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Additionally, different cell lines can have different physical ... The main motivation of this work is to address ... An example of a live cell phase contrast ...

2013-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

423

Discovery of a Metal-Line Absorber Associated with a Local Dwarf Starburst Galaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present optical and near-infrared images, H I 21 cm emission maps, optical spectroscopy, and Hubble Space Telescope/Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph ultraviolet spectroscopy of the QSO/galaxy pair SBS 1122+594/IC 691. The QSO sight line lies at a position angle of 27 degrees from the minor axis of the nearby dwarf starburst galaxy IC 691 (cz_gal = 1204+-3 km/s, L_B ~ 0.09 L*, current star formation rate = 0.08-0.24 solar masses per year) and 33 kpc (6.6 arcmin) from its nucleus. We find that IC 691 has an H I mass of M_HI = (3.6+-0.1) x 10^8 solar masses and a dynamical mass of M_dyn = (3.1+-0.5) x 10^10 solar masses. The UV spectrum of SBS 1122+594 shows a metal-line (Ly-alpha + C IV) absorber near the redshift of IC 691 at cz_abs = 1110+-30 km/s. Since IC 691 is a dwarf starburst and the SBS 1122+594 sight line lies in the expected location for an outflowing wind, we propose that the best model for producing this metal-line absorber is a starburst wind from IC 691. We place consistent metallicity limits on IC 691 ([Z/Zsun] ~ -0.7) and the metal-line absorber ([Z/Zsun] energy to the surrounding intergalactic medium.

Brian A. Keeney; John T. Stocke; Jessica L. Rosenberg; Jason Tumlinson; Donald G. York

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

424

Return to Flight New Horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transfer success stories. For more successes and other OTT news, go to http://techtransfer.gsfc.nasa.gov. n

425

EXPANDING THE HORIZON MOLECULAR ELECTRONICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

., 1992. On farsidedness of palaeomagnetic poles: magnetic refraction, sediment compaction and dipole off., and Sager, W.W., 1994. Magnetic properties of basalts and sediments from the Lau Basin. In Hawkins, J., and Wilson, D., 2004. Paleomagnetic and rock magnetic signature of upper oceanic crust generated by superfast

Schönenberger, Christian

426

An horizon scan of biogeography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

succession in an integral projection model of  population N.E.  Zimmermann)  Projections of species ranges and references  for  Integral  Projection Models.   References 

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Multi-horizon stochastic programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 26, 2013 ... Keywords: stochastic programming, multistage, energy planning , scenario ..... consider a power producer with hydro power plants; clearly, the ...

428

LineScout technology: from inspection to robotic maintenance on live transmission power lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power line inspection and maintenance practices are evolving as changing market regulations, significantly increased line loading and system availability requirements put pressure on grid owners to innovate. Robotics is thus making its debut in that ... Keywords: field robotics, mechanical design, power line inspection robot, telerobotics

Nicolas Pouliot; Serge Montambault

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

UPDATE TO PLAINS & EASTERN CLEAN LINE PROPOSAL FOR NEW OR UPGRADED TRANSMISSION LINE PROJECTS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

UPDATE TO PLAINS & EASTERN CLEAN LINE PROPOSAL UPDATE TO PLAINS & EASTERN CLEAN LINE PROPOSAL FOR NEW OR UPGRADED TRANSMISSION LINE PROJECTS UNDER SECTION 1222 OF THE ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005 AUGUST 2011 Table of Contents 1. Executive Summary .......................................................................................................... 1 2. Project Update .................................................................................................................. 2 a. Jobs and Economic Development ........................................................................................................... 5 b. Interconnection Studies ............................................................................................................................. 6 c. Routing and Public Outreach ................................................................................................................... 7

430

Imaging algorithms for geophysical applications of impedance tomography  

SciTech Connect

The methods of impedance tomography may be employed to obtain images of subsurface electrical and conductivity variations. For practical reasons, voltages and currents are usually applied at locations on the ground surface or down a limited number of boreholes, but almost never over the entire surface of the region being investigated. The geophysical inversion process can be facilitated by constructing algorithms adopted to these particular geometries and to the lack of complete surface data. In this paper we assume that the fluctuations in conductivity are small compared to the background value. The imaging of these fluctuations is carried out exactly within the constraints imposed by the problem geometry. Several possible arrangements of injection and monitoring electrodes are considered. In two dimensions include: Cross-line geometry, current input along one line (borehole) and measurements along a separate parallel line. Single-line geometry, injection and monitoring using the same borehole. Surface reflection geometry, all input and measurement along the ground surface. Theoretical and practical limitations on the image quality produced by the algorithms are discussed. They are applied to several sets of simulated data, and the images produced are displayed and analyzed.

Witten, A.J. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Molyneux, J.E. (Widener Univ., Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Chester, PA (United States))

1992-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

431

Productivity Improvement of a Manual Assembly Line  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The current project addresses the productivity improvement of a manual assembly line by making use of operations analysis in the framework of Lean production. A methodology is proposed that helps to improve the productivity of any production process. The methodology consists of selecting a product or product family to be studied followed by current process study. Once the existing process is documented, all the assembly tasks involved must be timed using time study techniques. Operations analysis enables the reduction of non-productive tasks and results in a set of standardized work elements along with the set of standard procedures for performing the operations. Assembly line balancing along with the associated operations analysis assists in constructing or re-configuring an assembly system, which is the key step in improving the overall performance of an assembly line. Following this approach, two manual assembly line configurations (single stage parallel line and five-stage serial line) are constructed for a case study. The results show that by changing over to the single stage assembly line configuration the operator productivity is doubled when compared to the existing assembly method.

Yerasi, Pranavi

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

ARM - Measurement - Hydrometeor image  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

image image ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Hydrometeor image Images of hydrometeors from which one can derive characteristics such as size and shape. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. Field Campaign Instruments LEARJET : Lear Jet PARTIMG : Particle imager UAV-PROTEUS-MICRO : Proteus Cloud Microphysics Instruments SPEC-CPI : Stratton Park Engineering Company - Cloud particle imager UAV-PROTEUS : UAV Proteus

433

Video Toroid Cavity Imager  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A video toroid cavity imager for in situ measurement of electrochemical properties of an electrolytic material sample includes a cylindrical toroid cavity resonator containing the sample and employs NMR and video imaging for providing high-resolution spectral and visual information of molecular characteristics of the sample on a real-time basis. A large magnetic field is applied to the sample under controlled temperature and pressure conditions to simultaneously provide NMR spectroscopy and video imaging capabilities for investigating electrochemical transformations of materials or the evolution of long-range molecular aggregation during cooling of hydrocarbon melts. The video toroid cavity imager includes a miniature commercial video camera with an adjustable lens, a modified compression coin cell imager with a fiat circular principal detector element, and a sample mounted on a transparent circular glass disk, and provides NMR information as well as a video image of a sample, such as a polymer film, with micrometer resolution.

Gerald, Rex E. II; Sanchez, Jairo; Rathke, Jerome W.

2004-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

434

Video image position determination  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention generally relates to the control of video and optical information and, more specifically, to control systems utilizing video images to provide control. Accurate control of video images and laser beams is becoming increasingly important as the use of lasers for machine, medical and experimental processes escalates. In, AURORA, an installation at Los Alamos National Laboratory dedicated to laser fusion research, it is necessary to precisely control the path and angle of up to 96 lasers beams. This invention is comprised of an optical beam position controller in which a video camera captures an image of the beam in its video frames, and conveys those images to a processing board which calculates the centroid coordinates for the image. The image coordinates are used by motor controllers and stepper motors to position the beam in a predetermined alignment. In one embodiment, system noise, used in conjunction with Bernoulli trials, yields higher resolution centroid coordinates.

Christensen, W.; Anderson, F.L.; Kortegaard, B.L.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Video image position determination  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention generally relates to the control of video and optical information and, more specifically, to control systems utilizing video images to provide control. Accurate control of video images and laser beams is becoming increasingly important as the use of lasers for machine, medical and experimental processes escalates. In, AURORA, an installation at Los Alamos National Laboratory dedicated to laser fusion research, it is necessary to precisely control the path and angle of up to 96 lasers beams. This invention is comprised of an optical beam position controller in which a video camera captures an image of the beam in its video frames, and conveys those images to a processing board which calculates the centroid coordinates for the image. The image coordinates are used by motor controllers and stepper motors to position the beam in a predetermined alignment. In one embodiment, system noise, used in conjunction with Bernoulli trials, yields higher resolution centroid coordinates.

Christensen, W.; Anderson, F.L.; Kortegaard, B.L.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

436

Imaging of micro-and nano-structures with hard X-rays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

object with the hard X-ray microscope A horizontal line profile is inserted in the upper right partImaging of micro- and nano-structures with hard X-rays C. Rau, V. Crecea, C.-P. Richter, K Abstract: Imaging of micro- and nano-structures of opaque samples is demonstrated using hard X-rays. Two

Braun, Paul

437

Ferroelectric optical image comparator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A ferroelectric optical image comparator has a lead lanthanum zirconate titanate thin-film device which is constructed with a semi-transparent or transparent conductive first electrode on one side of the thin film, a conductive metal second electrode on the other side of the thin film, and the second electrode is in contact with a nonconducting substrate. A photoinduced current in the device represents the dot product between a stored image and an image projected onto the first electrode. One-dimensional autocorrelations are performed by measuring this current while displacing the projected image. 7 figures.

Butler, M.A.; Land, C.E.; Martin, S.J.; Pfeifer, K.B.

1993-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

438

Ferroelectric optical image comparator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A ferroelectric optical image comparator has a lead lanthanum zirconate titanate thin-film device which is constructed with a semi-transparent or transparent conductive first electrode on one side of the thin film, a conductive metal second electrode on the other side of the thin film, and the second electrode is in contact with a nonconducting substrate. A photoinduced current in the device represents the dot product between a stored image and an image projected onto the first electrode. One-dimensional autocorrelations are performed by measuring this current while displacing the projected image.

Butler, Michael A. (Albuquerque, NM); Land, Cecil E. (Albuquerque, NM); Martin, Stephen J. (Albuquerque, NM); Pfeifer, Kent B. (Los Lunas, NM)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Image Shift Measurement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Set the write directory to a new folder for the cropped images. Use Process Folder / Text file / Template to make the boiler plate processing file. ...

440

Manhattan Project: Places Images  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

PLACES IMAGES PLACES IMAGES Resources > Photo Gallery Scroll down to see each of these images individually. The images are: 1. Remains of a Shinto Shrine, Nagasaki, October 1945 (courtesy the United States Marine Corps, Lieutenant R. J. Battersby, photographer, via the National Archives); 2. University of California, Berkeley, 1940 (courtesy the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory); 3. Aerial photograph of the Trinity Site after the test (courtesy the Federation of American Scientists); 4. Aerial photograph of Hiroshima before the bombing; 5. Columbia University, 1903 (courtesy the Library of Congress; this photograph originated from the Detroit Publishing Company; it was a 1949 gift to the Library of Congress from the State Historical Society of Colorado).

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Quantitative luminescence imaging system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The QLIS images and quantifies low-level chemiluminescent reactions in an electromagnetic field. It is capable of real time nonperturbing measurement and simultaneous recording of many biochemical and chemical reactions such as luminescent immunoassays or enzyme assays. The system comprises image transfer optics, a low-light level digitizing camera with image intensifying microchannel plates, an image process or, and a control computer. The image transfer optics may be a fiber image guide with a bend, or a microscope, to take the light outside of the RF field. Output of the camera is transformed into a localized rate of cumulative digitalized data or enhanced video display or hard-copy images. The system may be used as a luminescent microdosimetry device for radiofrequency or microwave radiation, as a thermal dosimeter, or in the dosimetry of ultra-sound (sonoluminescence) or ionizing radiation. It provides a near-real-time system capable of measuring the extremely low light levels from luminescent reactions in electromagnetic fields in the areas of chemiluminescence assays and thermal microdosimetry, and is capable of near-real-time imaging of the sample to allow spatial distribution analysis of the reaction. It can be used to instrument three distinctly different irradiation configurations, comprising (1) RF waveguide irradiation of a small Petri-dish-shaped sample cell, (2) RF irradiation of samples in a microscope for the microscopic imaging and measurement, and (3) RF irradiation of small to human body-sized samples in an anechoic chamber. 22 figs.

Erwin, D.N.; Kiel, J.L.; Batishko, C.R.; Stahl, K.A.

1990-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

442

Imaging Beyond Optics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Views" piece in that same issue. "Generations of astronomers have used interferometric tests to achieve the proper shape of their mirrors before using them to image the heavens....

443

Quantitative luminescence imaging system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The QLIS images and quantifies low-level chemiluminescent reactions in an electromagnetic field. It is capable of real time nonperturbing measurement and simultaneous recording of many biochemical and chemical reactions such as luminescent immunoassays or enzyme assays. The system comprises image transfer optics, a low-light level digitizing camera with image intensifying microchannel plates, an image process or, and a control computer. The image transfer optics may be a fiber image guide with a bend, or a microscope, to take the light outside of the RF field. Output of the camera is transformed into a localized rate of cumulative digitalized data or enhanced video display or hard-copy images. The system may be used as a luminescent microdosimetry device for radiofrequency or microwave radiation, as a thermal dosimeter, or in the dosimetry of ultra-sound (sonoluminescence) or ionizing radiation. It provides a near-real-time system capable of measuring the extremely low light levels from luminescent reactions in electromagnetic fields in the areas of chemiluminescence assays and thermal microdosimetry, and is capable of near-real-time imaging of the sample to allow spatial distribution analysis of the reaction. It can be used to instrument three distinctly different irradiation configurations, comprising (1) RF waveguide irradiation of a small Petri-dish-shaped sample cell, (2) RF irradiation of samples in a microscope for the microscopie imaging and measurement, and (3) RF irradiation of small to human body-sized samples in an anechoic chamber.

Erwin, David N. (San Antonio, TX); Kiel, Johnathan L. (San Antonio, TX); Batishko, Charles R. (West Richland, WA); Stahl, Kurt A. (Richland, WA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Kursk Site Image #1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Graphs Image KRS-1: Clipping above-ground biomass at the Kursk grassland site, Russia. (Dr. Kira Khodashova and student Nina N., Moscow State University, are estimating monthly...

445

SSRL Beam Lines by Number | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Number Number SSRL Beam Line Map | Beam Lines by Techniques | SPEAR3 Parameters BL Type Source Supported Technique(s) Energy Range Status Contacts 1-4 X-ray Bend Small angle x-ray scattering 7100-9000 eV Limited Chris Tassone Mike Toney 1-5 X-ray Bend Thin film diffraction 6000-14500 eV Limited Chad Miller 2-1 X-ray Bend Powder diffraction Thin film diffraction 4000-15800 eV Open Chad Miller Apurva Mehta 2-2 X-ray Bend White light station Instrumentation Development 1000-40000 eV Limited Bart Johnson 2-3 X-ray Bend X-ray absorption spectroscopy imaging 4500-24000 eV Open Sam Webb Ben Kocar 4-1 X-ray Wiggler X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy 6500-30000 eV Open John Bargar Matthew Latimer Ryan Davis 4-2 X-ray Wiggler Biological solution small angle x-ray scattering

446

Gamma-Ray Lines from Radiative Dark Matter Decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The decay of dark matter particles which are coupled predominantly to charged leptons has been proposed as a possible origin of excess high-energy positrons and electrons observed by cosmic-ray telescopes PAMELA and Fermi LAT. Even though the dark matter itself is electrically neutral, the tree-level decay of dark matter into charged lepton pairs will generically induce radiative two-body decays of dark matter at the quantum level. Using an effective theory of leptophilic dark matter decay, we calculate the rates of radiative two-body decays for scalar and fermionic dark matter particles. Due to the absence of astrophysical sources of monochromatic gamma rays, the observation of a line in the diffuse gamma-ray spectrum would constitute a strong indication of a particle physics origin of these photons. We estimate the intensity of the gamma-ray line that may be present in the energy range of a few TeV if the dark matter decay interpretation of the leptonic cosmic-ray anomalies is correct and comment on observational prospects of present and future Imaging Cherenkov Telescopes, in particular the CTA.

Mathias Garny; Alejandro Ibarra; David Tran; Christoph Weniger

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

447

Definition: Tie Line | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Authority Area, smart grid References Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line...

448

Definition: Tie Line Bias | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Line Bias Line Bias Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Tie Line Bias A mode of Automatic Generation Control that allows the Balancing Authority to maintain its Interchange Schedule and respond to Interconnection frequency error.[1] Related Terms Balancing Authority, Automatic Generation Control, frequency error, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inl LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ine Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Tie_Line_Bias&oldid=502569" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

449

Insulate Steam Distribution and Condensate Return Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This revised ITP tip sheet on insulating steam distribution and condensate return lines provides how-to advice for improving industrial steam systems using low-cost, proven practices and technologies.

Not Available

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

On the Generation of African Squall Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Squall lines (SLs) form an important component of the meteorology of northern Africa, and in particular, contribute substantially to rainfall totals. Their generation requires the existence of a potentially unstable low-level supply of moisture ...

David P. Rowell; James R. Milford

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Clean Lines: Strategies for Reducing Your Environmental ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Flow restrictors to prevent the flow in a water-supply pipe from exceeding a ... On manual lines, racks can be hung on bars over process baths to allow ...

2013-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

452

Momentum Transport by a Line of Cumulonimbus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vertical transport of horizontal momentum normal to a line of cumulonimbus observed during GATE on 14 September 1974 is against the vertical momentum gradient, contrary to the predictions of mixing-length theory. Data from repeated aircraft ...

Margaret A. LeMone

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Mesoscale Structure of an Oklahoma Squall Line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A squall line, which passed through the National Severe Storms Laboratory measonetwork in Oklahoma on 26 April 1969, is analyzed to determine the mesoscale structure. The analyses are based on data from 23 rawinsonde ascents, 29 automatically ...

Judith Stokes Bradberry

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Corona losses in HVdc bipolar lines  

SciTech Connect

The problem related to the prediction of corona losses in HVdc bipolar lines has been solved, in the past, by means of semi-empirical monomial formulae. However, the proposed formulae that are simpler to use do not always give adequate calculation precision, while the formulae that provide the closest results require implicit functions of different complexity, which are difficult to apply; moreover, it is not possible to understand clearly what influence the variations of the different line parameters have on the losses themselves. The new monomial semi-empirical relationship, proposed to predict the corona losses in HVdc bipolar lines, is very simple to use; it highlights the dependence of power losses due to the corona effect by the different line parameters. The formula has been developed by elaborating a considerable amount of available experimental data.

Corbellini, U.; Pelacchi, P. [Univ. of Pisa (Italy). Dept. of Electric Systems and Automation

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Electrical Transmission Line Diametrical Retention Mechanism  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a mechanism for retaining an electrical transmission line. In one embodiment of the invention it is a system for retaining an electrical transmission line within downhole components. The invention allows a transmission line to be attached to the internal diameter of drilling components that have a substantially uniform drilling diameter. In accordance with one aspect of the invention, the system includes a plurality of downhole components, such as sections of pipe in a drill string, drill collars, heavy weight drill pipe, and jars. The system also includes a coaxial cable running between the first and second end of a drill pipe, the coaxial cable having a conductive tube and a conductive core within it. The invention allows the electrical transmission line to withstand the tension and compression of drill pipe during routine drilling cycles.

Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Hall, Jr., H. Tracy (Provo, UT); Pixton, David (Lehi, UT); Dahlgren, Scott (Provo, UT); Sneddon, Cameron (Provo, UT); Briscoe, Michael (Lehi, UT); Fox, Joe (Spanish Fork, UT)

2006-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

456

Electrical Characterization of Textile Transmission Lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, electrical characterization and modeling of conductive textiles are presented. A dedicated measurement setup has been developed to allow reliable connection of the textile samples with the equipment cables. Geometrical fabric structures and fabrication tolerances as well as high frequency properties up to 6 GHz for four types of textiles have been determined. Transmission lines with controlled characteristic impedance have been realized enabling the characterization of typical line attenuation factors. This work shows that textile transmission lines can be used for frequencies up to 1.2 GHz and 120 MHz with the maximal lengths of 10 and 100 cm, respectively. Index Terms---Attenuation constants, characteristic impedance, conductive textiles, transmission lines, wearable computing.

Didier Cottet; Janusz Grzyb; Student Member; Student Member; Tünde Kirstein; Gerhard Tröster; Senior Member

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

On-line Condenser Fouling Monitor Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This newly developed, innovative, on-line fouling monitor can continuously display the cleanliness factor of an operating condenser. The monitor facilitates optimization of cooling water treatment and condenser cleaning schedules.

1998-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

458

Claw-free graphs and line graphs.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The research of my dissertation is motivated by the conjecture ofThomassen that every 4-connected line graph is hamiltonian and by the conjecture ofTutte that every… (more)

Shao, Yehong, 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Power line communications for smart grid applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power line communication, that is, using the electricity infrastructure for data transmission, is experiencing a renaissance in the context of Smart Grid. Smart Grid objectives include the integration of intermittent renewable energy sources into the ...

Lars Torsten Berger, Andreas Schwager, J. Joaquín Escudero-Garzás

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Design of the ILC RTML Extraction Lines  

SciTech Connect

The ILC [1] Damping Ring to the Main Linac beamline (RTML) contains three extraction lines (EL). Each EL can be used both for an emergency abort dumping of the beam and tune-up continual train-by-train extraction. Two of the extraction lines are located downstream of the first and second stages of the RTML bunch compressor, and must accept both compressed and uncompressed beam with energy spreads of 2.5% and 0.15%, respectively. In this paper we report on an optics design that allowed minimizing the length of the extraction lines while offsetting the beam dumps from the main line by the distance required for acceptable radiation levels in the service tunnel. The proposed extraction lines can accommodate beams with different energy spreads while at the same time providing the beam size acceptable for the aluminum dump window. The RTML incorporates three extraction lines, which can be used for either an emergency beam abort or for a train-by-train extraction. The first EL is located downstream of the Damping Ring extraction arc. The other two extraction lines are located downstream of each stage of the two-stage bunch compressor. The first extraction line (EL1) receives 5GeV beam with an 0.15% energy spread. The extraction line located downstream of the first stage of bunch compressor (ELBC1) receives both compressed and uncompressed beam, and therefore must accept beam with both 5 and 4.88GeV energy, and 0.15% and 2.5% energy spread, respectively. The extraction line located after the second stage of the bunch compressor (ELBC2) receives 15GeV beam with either 0.15 or 1.8% energy spread. Each of the three extraction lines is equipped with the 220kW aluminum ball dump, which corresponds to the power of the continuously dumped beam with 5GeV energy, i.e., the beam trains must be delivered to the ELBC2 dump at reduced repetition rate.

Seletskiy, S.; Tenenbaum, P.; Walz, D.; /SLAC; Solyak, N.; /Fermilab

2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Honeybees and Power Line EMF Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Resource Paper reviews research relevant to potential interactions between electric and magnetic field environments in the vicinity of high voltage overhead transmission lines. The paper deals first, with a description of a series of electric field studies conducted in a power line environment followed by mechanism studies under controlled conditions; second, with studies of the ability of bees to discriminate static and alternating magnetic fields; and third, with a study of native bees in a power ...

2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

462

Electrical Effects of HVDC Transmission Lines--2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrical effects may constrain the design of prospective high-voltage direct current (HVDC) lines, when either alone or sharing the same structures with high-voltage alternating current (HVAC) lines. In 2012, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) research focused on electric field and ion density at ground level. The ultimate goal is to calculate with confidence these electrical effects. The work built on research previously performed, including pioneering research performed at EPRI’s ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

463

500-kV Transmission Line Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design of an extrahigh-voltage (EHV) transmission line involves an integrated analysis and comparison of influencing factors to develop a structure configuration and conductor/shieldwire system that will provide safe, reliable, and economic service. Many of the parameters in design have varied impacts on the performance characteristics of a transmission line: safety, reliability, capital cost, and lifetime cost. The interdependencies are many and technical in nature. Having a solid knowledge of the p...

2011-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

464

Perspective: Power Lines and Motor Vehicle Electronics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent news reports have suggested that the operation of automotive electronic systems (including sudden acceleration) could be affected by the electric and magnetic fields associated with power transmission lines. Based on electromagnetic fundamentals and knowledge of the levels of electric fields, magnetic fields and RF fields from transmission lines, one can evaluate the possibility of an interaction between these exposures and the electronic systems within automobiles, both electric and conventional.

2010-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

465

Electrical Effects of HVDC Transmission Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrical effects can constrain the design of prospective high-voltage direct current (HVDC) lines operating either alone or sharing the same rights of way structures with high-voltage alternate current (HVAC) lines. In 2013, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) research on HVDC electrical effects focused on electric field and ion density at ground level. The ultimate goal of the project is to calculate with confidence these electrical effects. The algorithms on which the software currently ...

2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

466

Automatic Image Orientation Determination with Natural Image Statistics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automatic Image Orientation Determination with Natural Image Statistics Siwei Lyu Dept. of Computer a new method for automatically determining image orientations. This method is based on a set of natural image statistics collected from a multi- scale multi-orientation image decomposition (e.g., wavelets

Lyu, Siwei

467

Quantum Imaging: Enhanced Image Formation Using Quantum States of Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum Imaging: Enhanced Image Formation Using Quantum States of Light Robert W. Boyd, Kam Wai, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA ABSTRACT We review recent research in the field of quantum imaging. Quantum imaging deals with the formation of images that possess higher resolution or better

Boyd, Robert W.

468

WHAT DO SPECTRAL LINE PROFILE ASYMMETRIES TELL US ABOUT THE SOLAR ATMOSPHERE?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, analysis of solar spectra obtained with the EUV Imaging Spectrograph (EIS) onboard the Hinode satellite has revealed the ubiquitous presence of asymmetries in transition region (TR) and coronal spectral line profiles. These asymmetries have been observed especially at the footpoints of coronal loops and have been associated with strong upflows that may play a significant role in providing the corona with hot plasma. Here, we perform a detailed study of the various processes that can lead to spectral line asymmetries, using both simple forward models and state-of-the-art three-dimensional radiative MHD simulations of the solar atmosphere using the Bifrost code. We describe a novel technique to determine the presence and properties of faint secondary components in the wings of spectral line profiles. This method is based on least-squares fitting of observed so-called R(ed)B(lue) asymmetry profiles with pre-calculated RB asymmetry profiles for a wide variety of secondary component properties. We illustrate how this method could be used to perform reliable double Gaussian fits that are not over- or under-constrained. We also find that spectral line asymmetries appear in TR and coronal lines that are synthesized from our three-dimensional MHD simulations. Our models show that the spectral asymmetries are a sensitive measure of the velocity gradient with height in the TR of coronal loops. The modeled TR shows a large gradient of velocity that increases with height: this occurs as a consequence of ubiquitous, episodic heating at low heights in the model atmosphere. We show that the contribution function of spectral lines as a function of temperature is critical for sensitivity to velocity gradients and thus line asymmetries: lines that are formed over a temperature range that includes most of the TR are the most sensitive. As a result, lines from lithium-like ions (e.g., O VI) are found to be the most sensitive to line asymmetries. We compare the simulated line profiles directly with line profiles observed in the quiet Sun with SOHO/SUMER and Hinode/EIS and find that the shape of the profiles is very similar. In addition, the simulated profiles with the strongest blueward asymmetry occur in footpoint regions of coronal loops, which is similar to what we observe with SUMER and EIS. There is however a significant discrepancy between the simulations and observations: the simulated RB asymmetries are an order of magnitude smaller than the observations. We discuss the possible reasons for this discrepancy. In summary, our analysis shows that observations of spectral line asymmetries can provide a powerful new diagnostic to help constrain coronal heating models.

MartInez-Sykora, Juan; De Pontieu, Bart [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States); Hansteen, Viggo [Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1029 Blindern, N-0315 Oslo (Norway); McIntosh, Scott W., E-mail: j.m.sykora@astro.uio.no [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO 80307 (United States)

2011-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

469

Heart imaging method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for providing an image of the human heart's electrical system derives time-of-flight data from an array of EKG electrodes and this data is transformed into phase information. The phase information, treated as a hologram, is reconstructed to provide an image in one or two dimensions of the electrical system of the functioning heart.

Collins, H. Dale (Richland, WA); Gribble, R. Parks (Richland, WA); Busse, Lawrence J. (Littleton, CO)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Medical imaging systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A medical imaging system provides simultaneous rendering of visible light and fluorescent images. The system may employ dyes in a small-molecule form that remains in a subject's blood stream for several minutes, allowing real-time imaging of the subject's circulatory system superimposed upon a conventional, visible light image of the subject. The system may also employ dyes or other fluorescent substances associated with antibodies, antibody fragments, or ligands that accumulate within a region of diagnostic significance. In one embodiment, the system provides an excitation light source to excite the fluorescent substance and a visible light source for general illumination within the same optical guide that is used to capture images. In another embodiment, the system is configured for use in open surgical procedures by providing an operating area that is closed to ambient light. More broadly, the systems described herein may be used in imaging applications where a visible light image may be usefully supplemented by an image formed from fluorescent emissions from a fluorescent substance that marks areas of functional interest.

Frangioni, John V. (Wayland, MA)

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

471

DOUBLE MAJORS Imaging Science + ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DOUBLE MAJORS Imaging Science + ... Applied Mathematics Biomedical Sciences Computer Science Undergraduate Research Internships and Cooperative Education (Co-op) (optional) Study Abroad WHY IMAGING SCIENCE Science: BS, MS, PhD Color Science: MS, PhD BS + MS/PhD Combos HUMAN VISION BIO- MEDICAL ASTRO- PHYSICS

Zanibbi, Richard

472

Manhattan Project: Image Retouching`  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Image Retouching Image Retouching Resources > Photo Gallery Smyth Report (original) Smyth Report (retouched) Images on this web site have sometimes been "retouched." In every case, however, the intention has been only to restore the image as much as possible to its original condition. Above is a rather extreme example-"before and after" versions of the cover of the Smyth Report (Henry DeWolf Smyth, Atomic Energy for Military Purposes: The Official Report on the Development of the Atomic Bomb under the Auspices of the United States Government, 1940-1945 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1945)). The Smyth Report was commissioned by Leslie Groves and originally issued by the Manhattan Engineer District. Princeton University Press reprinted it in book form as a "public service" with "reproduction in whole or in part authorized and permitted.") Larger versions of the same images are below.

473

GTL Image Gallery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Human Genome Project Information • Genomic Science • Microbial Genome Program • sitemap • home Human Genome Project Information • Genomic Science • Microbial Genome Program • sitemap • home Announcing the New Image Gallery Visit the new Image Gallery for an expanded suite of images Biofuels Browse the 2010 "Bioenergy Research Centers: An Overview of the Science" Brochure Gallery. Browse the 2006 "Breaking the Biological Barriers to Cellulosic Ethanol: A Joint Research Agenda" Report Gallery. Browse more biofuels images (includes the June 2006 "Understanding Biomass" Primer Gallery). Systems Biology Browse the August 2005 "Genomics:GTL Roadmap: Systems Biology for Energy and Environment" Gallery. Basic Genomics Browse the Human Chromosome Gallery. Browse more Basic Genomics images. Carbon Cycling

474

User Science Images  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

User Science Images User Science Images User Science Images Sort by: Default | Name | Date (low-high) | Date (high-low) | Category NIMROD-1.png FES: NIMROD Simulation February 18, 2010 | Author(s): Dr. Charlson C. Kim (University of Washington) | Category: Fusion Energy | URL: https://nimrodteam.org/ Download Image: NIMROD-1.png | png | 1.5 MB Trajectory of an energetic ion in a Field Reverse Configuration (FRC) magnetic field. Magnetic separatrix denoted by green surface. Spheres are colored by azimuthal velocity. Image courtesy of Charlson Kim, University of Washington; NERSC repos m487, mp21, m1552 Scheibe.png BER: Pore-Scale Fluid Flow for Subsurface Reactive Transport January 1, 2008 | Author(s): Timothy D. Scheibe, PNNL | Category: Environmental Science | URL: http://http://subsurface.pnl.gov/

475

Efficient Graffiti Image Retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research of graffiti character recognition and retrieval, as a branch of traditional optical character recognition (OCR), has started to gain attention in recent years. We have investigated the special challenge of the graffiti image retrieval problem and propose a series of novel techniques to overcome the challenges. The proposed bounding box framework locates the character components in the graffiti images to construct meaningful character strings and conduct image-wise and semantic-wise retrieval on the strings rather than the entire image. Using real world data provided by the law enforcement community to the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, we show that the proposed framework outperforms the traditional image retrieval framework with better retrieval results and improved computational efficiency.

Yang, Chunlei; Wong, Pak C.; Ribarsky, William; Fan, Jianping

2012-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

476

Edge structure preserving image denoising  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Image denoising is important in image analysis. It is often used for pre-processing images so that subsequent image analysis is more reliable. Besides noise removal, one important requirement for image denoising procedures is that they should preserve ... Keywords: Angles, Curvature, Edges, Jump-preserving surface estimation, Local smoothing, Nonparametric regression, Surface estimation

Peihua Qiu; Partha Sarathi Mukherjee

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Adaptive wiener image restoration kernel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and device for restoration of electro-optical image data using an adaptive Wiener filter begins with constructing imaging system Optical Transfer Function, and the Fourier Transformations of the noise and the image. A spatial representation of the imaged object is restored by spatial convolution of the image using a Wiener restoration kernel.

Yuan, Ding (Henderson, NV)

2007-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

478

Dissolution of FB-Line Cabinet Sweepings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Three FB-Line samples were received by the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) for characterization and evaluation for suitability for HB-Line dissolution. These samples are part of a larger sampling/evaluation program in support of FB-Line deinventory efforts. The samples studied were identified as MC04-147- HBL, MC04-148-HBL, and FBL-SWP-04-016-HBL (N). The first sample, MC04-147-HBL, is a portion of FB-Line Packaging and Stabilization (P&S) materials. The second sample, MC04-148-HBL, is a sweeping from Cabinet 6-8, which is not representative of the mechanical line. The third sample, FBL-SWP-04-016-HBL (N), is an FB-Line North cabinet sweeping. The samples were described by FB-Line personnel as containing plutonium oxide (PuO{sub 2}) which had not been high-fired. This description was generally confirmed by solids analysis and off gas measurements. All three samples were dissolved in 8 M HNO{sub 3}/0.1 M KF at 90-100 C leaving minor amounts of solid residue. During dissolution, sample MC04-147 did not generate hydrogen gas. Sample MC04-148 generated modest amounts of gas, which contained 4.0 to 4.7 volume percent (vol %) hydrogen (H{sub 2}) at a ratio of up to 8.4 x 10{sup -5} mol H{sub 2}/g sample. Sample FBL-SWP-04-016-HBL (N) was nearly completely soluble in 8 M HNO{sub 3}and produced a very small amount of gas. Apparently, the CaF{sub 2} in that sample dissolves and provides sufficient fluoride to support the dissolution of other components.

Crowder, Mark L.

2005-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

479

Relationship between System Slope and Updraft Intensity in Squall Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years there has been debate about whether squall lines have an “optimal state.” It has been repeatedly demonstrated that the slope of a squall line’s convective region is related to the comparative magnitudes of the squall line’s cold ...

Matthew D. Parker

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

BNL | Image Licensing Policy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

shall not be modified or digitally manipulated in any way other than to adjust size, crop, or color attributes in order to optimize it for print production. The credit line...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizonal line image" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Modeling and analysis of electrical power lines for broadband power line communications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research seeks to expand the knowledge in the characteristics of power lines and to develop a channel model that can be used for designing… (more)

Meng, Han.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Double Bottom Line Project Report:Assessing Social Impact In Double Bottom Line Ventures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Key Characteristics Glossary Method Summaries Theories ofin double bottom line ventures methods catalog glossary ofterms glossary of terms This glossary defines the variables

Rosenzweig, William

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

EPRI Transmission Line Reference Book (Blue Book): 115-345 kV Compact Line Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is an updated edition of the industry standard on overhead line compaction, the EPRI Transmission Line Reference Book: 115-138 kV Compact Line Design, commonly known as the Blue Book, which was last published in 1978. Publication of this new edition is the culmination of three years of research by a team of experts in the field. The report includes the latest information on research, technology, materials, and utility experience with compact lines. Note that this electronic report is being pu...

2007-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

484

Polarization transfer NMR imaging  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) image is obtained with spatial information modulated by chemical information. The modulation is obtained through polarization transfer from a first element representing the desired chemical, or functional, information, which is covalently bonded and spin-spin coupled with a second element effective to provide the imaging data. First and second rf pulses are provided at first and second frequencies for exciting the imaging and functional elements, with imaging gradients applied therebetween to spatially separate the nuclei response for imaging. The second rf pulse is applied at a time after the first pulse which is the inverse of the spin coupling constant to select the transfer element nuclei which are spin coupled to the functional element nuclei for imaging. In a particular application, compounds such as glucose, lactate, or lactose, can be labeled with .sup.13 C and metabolic processes involving the compounds can be imaged with the sensitivity of .sup.1 H and the selectivity of .sup.13 C.

Sillerud, Laurel O. (Los Alamos, NM); van Hulsteyn, David B. (Santa Fe, NM)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

MCP Upgrade: Transmission Line and Pore Importance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to take advantage of all of the benefits of Multi-Channel Plate Photo-Multiplier Tubes (MCPs) a fast and efficient readout scheme must be implemented. One scheme that appears very promising is that of a transmission line coupled to a digital sampling readout. Transmission line readout allows for 2D position reconstruction, as well as an extremely fast response time, allowing for an exceptional timing resolution. I will be discussing the development of a method to connect the transmission line readout to the anode of the MCP, as well as testing the resultant MCP-transmission line readout system. This testing occurred at Argonnes laser lab, which featured a tunable fast rise time laser as well as a data acquisition system with a low noise level. A study to determine the importance of the pore size of the MCP was also carried out at Argonnes laser lab. In this study two MCPs which differed only in pore size (25µm and 10µm) were tested and their timing resolutions were compared. The objective of the following discussion is to quantify the effectiveness of the transmission line readout, learn more about the nature of the MCP and its signals, and look for ways in which to improve upon the present readout technique. 2 Tyler Natoli 1

Tyler Natoli; Advisor Henry Frisch

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

A high accuracy computed water line list  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A computed list of H$_{2}$$^{16}$O infra-red transition frequencies and intensities is presented. The list, BT2, was produced using a discrete variable representation two-step approach for solving the rotation-vibration nuclear motions. It is the most complete water line list in existence, comprising over 500 million transitions (65% more than any other list) and it is also the most accurate (over 90% of all known experimental energy levels are within 0.3 cm$^{-1}$ of the BT2 values). Its accuracy has been confirmed by extensive testing against astronomical and laboratory data. The line list has been used to identify individual water lines in a variety of objects including: comets, sunspots, a brown dwarf and the nova-like object V838 Mon. Comparison of the observed intensities with those generated by BT2 enables physical values to be derived for these objects. The line list can also be used to provide an opacity for models of the atmospheres of M-dwarf stars and assign previously unknown water lines in laboratory spectra.

R. J. Barber; J. Tennyson; G. J. Harris; R. N. Tolchenov

2006-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

487

Image Windows - description of data types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... image, or RGB color image. cstack Stack of color (RGB) images. FRED (text) window; Dialog; (various) graphics windows.

488

Magnetic resonance imaging in Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

MR imaging has experienced an important growth worldwide and in particular in the USA and Japan. This imaging technique has also shown an important rise in the number of MR imagers in Mexico. However

A. O. Rodriguez; R. Rojas; F. A. Barrios

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Scanning computed confocal imager  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There is provided a confocal imager comprising a light source emitting a light, with a light modulator in optical communication with the light source for varying the spatial and temporal pattern of the light. A beam splitter receives the scanned light and direct the scanned light onto a target and pass light reflected from the target to a video capturing device for receiving the reflected light and transferring a digital image of the reflected light to a computer for creating a virtual aperture and outputting the digital image. In a transmissive mode of operation the invention omits the beam splitter means and captures light passed through the target.

George, John S. (Los Alamos, NM)

2000-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

490

Ghost Imaging with Blackbody Radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a theoretical study of ghost imaging by using blackbody radiation source. A Gaussian thin lens equation for the ghost imaging, which depends on both paths, is derived. The dependences of the visibility and quality of the image on the transverse size and temperature of the blackbody are studied. The main differences between the ghost imaging by using the blackbody radiation and by using the entangled photon pairs are image-forming equation, and the visibility and quality of the image

Yangjian Cai; Shiyao Zhu

2004-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

491

Visual Aspects of the Flanking Line in Severe Thunderstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Photographs are presented that illustrate the various forms in which “flanking lines” exist in nature. Flanking lines may appear not only as the commonly observed sloping line of cumulus congestus, but also as erect towers with a vertical face, ...

Howard B. Bluestein

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Quantitative Imaging in Cell Biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantitative! imaging! in! biology! is! concerned! with!Quantitative! imaging! in! biology! is! concerned! with!advances! in! cell! biology! by! enabling! the! tracking!

Yassif, Jaime

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

NIST Hyperspectral Image Projector (HIP)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... In DLP systems, the projected image is made from a composite of grayscale images representing each of the RGB colors (red, green, and blue). ...

2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

494

NERSC Image and Video Galleries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Archive User Science Images Home News & Publications Galleries Galleries 18.jpg NERSC Systems In this gallery view images and videos of the systems that undergird all NERSC...

495

Electric Transmission Lines (Nebraska) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nebraska) Nebraska) Electric Transmission Lines (Nebraska) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Public Service Commission The Public Service Commission has jurisdiction over all electricity transmission lines crossing over or under railroad tracks at public highway

496

Inductive gas line for pulsed lasers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas laser having a metal inlet gas feed line assembly shaped as a coil, to function as an electrical inductance and therefore high impedance to pulses of electric current applied to electrodes at opposite ends of a discharge tube of a laser, for example. This eliminates a discharge path for the laser through the inlet gas feed line. A ferrite core extends through the coil to increase the inductance of the coil and provide better electric isolation. By elimination of any discharge breakdown through the gas supply, efficiency is increased and a significantly longer operating lifetime of the laser is provided.

Benett, W.J.; Alger, T.W.

1982-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

497

Developments in line-voltage thermostats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A thermostat that provides reliable, accurate temperature control is the key to a comfortable, efficient space-heating system. The lack of a commercially available line-voltage thermostat that is affordable and performs well has been a significant factor in limiting the comfort and popularity of zoned residential electric heating systems. With EPRI support, two manufacturers have developed innovative, electronics-based line-voltage thermostats that offer a cost-effective control option for creating a comfortable environment with zoned electric heat. These thermostats also may help reduce energy consumption.

Kesselring, J.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Boron-10 Lined Proportional Counter Wall Effects  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Safeguards (NA-241) is supporting the project 'Coincidence Counting With Boron-Based Alternative Neutron Detection Technology' at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for development of an alternative neutron coincidence counter. The goal of this project is to design, build and demonstrate a boron-lined proportional tube based system in the configuration of a coincidence counter. This report provid