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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

The Deepwater Horizon oil spill and Miami-Dade County  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Deepwater Horizon oil spill and Miami-Dade County Issue 8.2 Background On Tuesday, April 20 days later off the coast of Louisiana. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill is now the largest oil spill in U.S. history and has been designated as a Spill of Na- tional Significance. Current projections from

Jawitz, James W.

2

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill PI ConferenceDeepwater Horizon Oil Spill PI Conference Session: Crude oil & dispersants-impact on human  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill PI ConferenceDeepwater Horizon Oil Spill PI Conference Session: Crude oil & dispersants-impact on human health & socioeconomic systems Panelist: James H. Diaz, MD, MPH, Dr Health #12;Oil/dispersants: impact health & S-E systems. Outline of Research Questions? 1. What

3

Degradation and resilience in Louisiana salt marshes after the BPDeepwater Horizon oil spill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Degradation and resilience in Louisiana salt marshes after the BP­Deepwater Horizon oil spill Brian (high resil- ience) but also permanent marsh area loss after the BP­Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Field that heavy oil cov- erage on the shorelines of Louisiana marshes, already experiencing elevated retreat

Silliman, Brian

4

Estimating Surface Oil Extent from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill using ASCAT Backscatter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimating Surface Oil Extent from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill using ASCAT Backscatter Richard Provo, UT 84602 Abstract--The damping effects of oil on capillary ocean waves alter the backscattered backscatter from the ocean surface uncontaminated by surface oil. Large differences between expected

Long, David G.

5

National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling THE AMOUNT AND FATE OF THE OIL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 1 - National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling THE AMOUNT AND FATE OF THE OIL ---Draft--- Staff Working Paper No. 3 Staff Working Papers are written by the staff of the National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling for the use of members

Meyers, Steven D.

6

Texas Tech Toxicologists Use Duck Eggs to Study Effects of Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill http://texas-oil-spill-classaction.org/texas-tech-toxicologists-use-duck-eggs-to-study-effects-of-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill/[8/2/2011 1:44:16 PM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Texas Tech Toxicologists Use Duck Eggs to Study Effects of Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill http://texas-oil-spill-classaction.org/texas-tech-toxicologists-use-duck-eggs-to-study-effects-of-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill/[8/2/2011 1:44:16 PM] « US Approves First Deep-Water Oil Well in Gulf Since BP Spill Texas Tech

Rock, Chris

7

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Principal Investigator (PI) Conference Sponsored by the NSTC SOST, hosted by the University of South Florida  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Principal Investigator (PI) Conference Sponsored Ballroom · Oil/dispersant - extent and fate Tom Ryerson, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration · Oil/dispersant - impacts and mitigation in coastal

Meyers, Steven D.

8

ABSTRACT The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Disaster: A Graphical Assessment of its Impact on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Deepwater Horizon oil spill occurred in the Gulf of Mexico on April 20, 2010. Considered the largest accidental marine oil spill in history, oil flowed for three months and approximately five million barrels of oil spilled through by mid-July 2010. In this report, we analyse fish and bird data to assess the impact of the oil spill on the Gulf wildlife. Our findings based on the available fish data for 2005, 2006, and 2010 are not very helpful to make a judgement on the negative impact of the oil spill on fish species. On the other hand, the bird data analysis shows that the closer the surface oil spill area approached to bird habitats, the more dead birds were observed. The highest number of dead birds was observed in July and August when birds bred and raised their offspring. However, the migration behaviour of different bird species makes it impossible to entirely estimate the full impact of the oil spill on birds. (362 pages) iii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I would like to thank my advisor Dr. Jrgen Symanzik for spending countless hours in assistance and guidance over the completion of this project. His wisdom,

Anvar Suyundikov; Dr. Jrgen Symanzik

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

DOE's Portal to Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Data  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

On April 20, 2010, the Deepwater Horizon platform in the Gulf of Mexico exploded. The explosion and fire killed and injured workers on the oil rig, and caused major releases of oil and gas into the Gulf for several months. The Department of Energy, in keeping with the Obama Administrations ongoing commitment to transparency, provided online access to data and information related to the response to the BP oil spill. Included are schematics, pressure tests, diagnostic results, video clips, and other data. There are also links to the Restore the Gulf website, to the trajectory forecasts from NOAA, and oil spill information from the Environmental Protection Agency.

10

New insights into microbial responses to oil spills from the Deepwater Horizon incident  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On April 20, 2010, a catastrophic eruption of methane caused the Deepwater Horizon exploratory drill rig drilling the Macondo Well in Mississippi Canyon Block 252 (MC252) to explode. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill was unprecendeted for several reasons: the volume of oil released; the spill duration; the well depth; the distance from the shore-line (77 km or about 50 miles); the type of oil (light crude); and the injection of dispersant directly at the wellhead. This study clearly demonstrated that there was a profound and significant response by certain members of the in situ microbial community in the deep-sea in the Gulf of Mexico. In particular putative hydrocarbon degrading Bacteria appeared to bloom in response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, even though the temperature at these depths is never >5 C. As the plume aged the shifts in the microbial community on a temporal scale suggested that different, yet metabolically important members of the community were able to respond to a myriad of plume constituents, e.g. shifting from propane/ethane to alkanes and finally to methane. Thus, the biodegradation of hydrocarbons in the plume by Bacteria was a highly significant process in the natural attenuation of many compounds released during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.

Mason, O.U.; Hazen, T.C.

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

11

Level and Degradation of Deepwater Horizon Spilled Oil in Coastal Marsh Sediments and Pore-Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

eight months after the spill. By contrast, pore-water separated from heavily oiled Louisiana wetland-waters extracted from heavily oiled Louisiana wetlands. Environmental Science & Technology Article dx.doi.org/10 wetlands decades after the Amoco-Cadiz oil spill. The fate and biotransformation of oils in coastal

Wang, Yang

12

DEEPWATER HORIZON OIL SPILL ESTIMATE: UPDATE JUNE 11, 2010 by Professor Satish Nagarajaiah, Rice University (www.ruf.rice.edu/~nagaraja &  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEEPWATER HORIZON OIL SPILL ESTIMATE: UPDATE JUNE 11, 2010 by Professor Satish Nagarajaiah, Rice. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/11/us/11spill.html?hp New Estimates Double Rate of Oil Flowing on Thursday essentially doubled its estimate of how much oil has been spewing from the out-of-control BP well

Nagarajaiah, Satish

13

Disturbance and Recovery of Salt Marsh Arthropod Communities following BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.S. Gulf of Mexico is a hub of oil and gas exploration activities that historically have impacted and impede recovery of the system. There are over 3,000 active oil & gas production platforms in U.S. OuterDisturbance and Recovery of Salt Marsh Arthropod Communities following BP Deepwater Horizon Oil

Pennings, Steven C.

14

Oil Spills and Wildlife  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oil Spills and Wildlife Name: jess Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: what are some effects of oil spills on plants? Replies: The effects of oil spills over the last...

15

Relative Condition Factors of Fish as Bioindicators One Year after the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Creel surveys were performed over a three week period in late spring, 2011, in the Lafourche and Calcasieu area estuaries of the Louisiana Gulf Coast. Weights and lengths were measured for black drum (Pogonias cromis), red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus), and spotted seatrout (Cynoscion nebulosus), and relative condition factors were calculated relative to expected weights from the long term (5 year) Louisiana data for each species. A normal relative condition factor is 1.00. The mean relative condition factors in the Lafourche area were black drum, 0.955 (0.020); red drum, 0.955 (0.011); spotted seatrout, 0.994 (0.009). In the Calcasieu area, the mean relative condition factors were black drum, 0.934 (0.017); red drum, 0.965 (0.014); spotted seatrout, 0.971 (0.010). Uncertainties are in parentheses. Results suggest that the abundance of primary food sources for black drum and red drum in Lafourche, including oysters and crab, were likely affected by the oil spill and continued to be reduced one year later. Increa...

Courtney, Joshua; Courtney, Amy; Torano, Joseph; Courtney, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Oil spill response resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pollution has become one of the main problems being faced by humanity. Preventing pollution from occurring might be the best idea but is not possible in this fast developing world. So the next best thing to do would be to respond to the pollution source in an effective manner. Oil spills are fast becoming pollution sources that are causing the maximum damage to the environment. This is owing to the compounds that are released and the way oil spreads in both water and land. Preventing the oil spill would be the best option. But once the oil has been spilled, the next best thing to do is to respond to the spill effectively. As a result, time becomes an important factor while responding to an oil spill. Appropriate response to contain and cleanup the spill is required to minimize its potential damage to the ecosystem. Since time and money play a very important role in spill response, it would be a great idea if decisions can be made in such a way that a quick response can be planned. The first part of this study deals with the formation of an 'Oil Spill Resources Handbook', which has information on all the important Oil Spill Contractors. The second and the main part of the study, deals with creating a database in Microsoft Access of the Oil Spill Contractors. The third portion of the study deals with planning an oil spill response using a systems approach.

Muthukrishnan, Shankar

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

A Tale of Two Spills: Novel Science and Policy Implications of an Emerging New Oil Spill Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil release posed the challenges of two types of spill: a familiar spill characterized by buoyant oil, fouling and killing organisms at the sea surface and eventually grounding on and damaging ...

Adams, E. Eric

18

The Legacy of Oil Spills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When a 1979 exploratory oil well blew out and leaked oil foraddicted to oil directly causes spills as well as globalmagnitudes of past oil spills. They are well aware of the

Trevors, J. T.; Saier, M. H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

BP Oil Spill November 10, 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BP Oil Spill Qiyam Tung November 10, 2011 1 Introduction Figure 1: BP Oil spill (source: http://thefoxisblack.com/2010/05/02/the-bp-oil-spill-in-the-gulf-of-mexico/) Last year, there was a major oil spill caused major techniques to minimize the threat once it happened. What kind of damage would an oil spill like this cause

Lega, Joceline

20

The Legacy of Oil Spills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

010-0527-5 The Legacy of Oil Spills J. T. Trevors & M. H.workers were killed, and oil has been gushing out everday. It is now June, and oil continues to spew forth into

Trevors, J. T.; Saier, M. H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and bald eagles following the Exxon Valdez oil spill. In:oil, seabirds, eagles, Exxon Valdez, oil spill. Americanshorelines following the Exxon Valdez spill. In: Proceedings

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Nanotechnology-based solutions for oil spills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

acknowledged to be among the worst ocean oil spills in world history. Inevitably, the spill has once againNanotechnology-based solutions for oil spills :: Texas Tech News http://today.ttu.edu/2011/02/nanotechnology-based-solutions-for-oil-spills/[2/23/2011 8:58:19 AM] February 22, 2011 nanowerk - Nanotechnology

Rock, Chris

23

Filamentous Carbon Particles for Cleaning Oil Spills  

cleaning oil spills. Crude oil and other petroleum products can cause severe damage to the environment and wildlife when spilled into the water. Oil is not only transferred by supertanker, but also by underwater pipelines an kept in coastal ...

24

PLT Activity Connections to the Gulf Oil Spill  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Habitat loss, wetland loss. Useful websites: 1. Smithsonian Gulf Oil Spill: Science Smithsonian Holdings May Show Oil Spills Impact in

25

Assessing Transformation of Trace Metals and Crude Oil in Mississippi and Louisiana Coastal Wetlands in Response to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resulting in the release of about 5 million barrels of crude oil into the environment. Coastal wetlands are particularly susceptible to oil contamination because they are composed largely of fine-grained sediments, which have a high capacity to adsorb oil and associated metals. Microbial activities may be enhanced by an increase in amounts of organic matter and subsequently influence the biogeochemical cycling of trace metals. This research assesses the levels of oil and trace metals, along with associated biogeochemical changes, in six coastal marshes in Mississippi and Louisiana. Total digestion analysis of wetland sediments shows higher concentrations of certain

Jeffrey Paul Keevan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

BP Oil Spill Update | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BP Oil Spill Update BP Oil Spill Update BP Oil Spill Update August 10, 2010 - 10:48am Addthis Sec. Chu working on solutions to the BP Oil spill with a member of the Federal Science Team. | Energy Department Photo | Sec. Chu working on solutions to the BP Oil spill with a member of the Federal Science Team. | Energy Department Photo | Secretary Chu Secretary Chu Former Secretary of Energy "We also must remain focused on helping the people, businesses and communities in the Gulf Coast region who have been affected by this spill." Secretary Steven Chu As you may know, I've spent much of the last three months working to help contain the BP oil spill. I recently returned from my seventh trip to Houston, and I thought this would be a good opportunity to update you on our work to seal the damaged well in the Gulf.

27

The Economic Impact of Oil Spills  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Oil spills not only affect environmentally but also economically. The economic impacts are directly or indirectly related to the environmental impacts ...

28

Appendix D Draft Oil Spill Response Plan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

D D Draft Oil Spill Response Plan U.S. Department of the Interior Minerals Management Service MMS Cape Wind Energy Project January 2009 Final EIS Appendix D Draft Oil Spill Response Plan DRAFT Oil Spill Response Plan CAPE WIND ASSOCIATES, LLC BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS PREPARED FOR Cape Wind Associates, LLC 75 Arlington Street Boston, Massachusetts 02116 PREPARED BY ESS Group, Inc. 401 Wampanoag Trail, Suite 400 East Providence, Rhode Island 02915 Project No. E159-601 December 2005 DRAFT OIL SPILL RESPONSE PLAN Cape Wind Associates, LLC Boston, Massachusetts Prepared For: Cape Wind Associates, LLC 75 Arlington Street Boston, Massachusetts 02116 Prepared By: ESS Group, Inc. 401 Wampanoag Trail, Suite 400

29

Collusion Through Insurance: Sharing the Costs of Oil Spill Cleanups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Insurance: Sharing the Costs of Oil Spill Cleanups." EddieInsurance: Sharing the Costs of Oil Spill Cleanups EddieINSURANCE: SHARING THE COSTS OF OIL SPILL CLEANUPS Eddie

Dekel, Eddie; Scothmer, Suzanne

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Preliminary assessment of an oil-spill trajectory model using satellite-tracked, oil-spill-simulating drifters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ninety-seven oil-spill-simulating drifters were deployed over the continental shelf of the northeastern Gulf of Mexico during five hydrographic surveys conducted from 1997 through 1999. Earlier, comparisons with spilled crude petroleum on the ocean surface ... Keywords: Model assessment, Model verification, Oil-spill model, Oil-spill model assessment, Oil-spill model verification, Statistical oil-spill model, Trajectory model

James M. Price; Mark Reed; Matthew K. Howard; Walter R. Johnson; Zhen-Gang Ji; Charles F. Marshall; Norman L. Guinasso, Jr.; Gail B. Rainey

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Dedicated to Sharing Information About Water Management and the Florida LAKEWATCH Program Volume 50 (2010) The Gulf Coast Oil Spill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

50 (2010) The Gulf Coast Oil Spill It has been five months since the explosion and fire on an offshore oil-drilling platform Deepwater Horizon on April 20 in the Gulf of Mexico. Three months later that it was a success and that no more oil would flow into the Gulf from the Deepwater Horizon well. The National

Watson, Craig A.

32

OrlandoSentinel.com OIL SPILL IN THE GULF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OrlandoSentinel.com OIL SPILL IN THE GULF Gauging BP oil spill's damage may take a decade Florida marine scientists take lead in researching oil-spill disaster's effects in Gulf By William E. Gibson polluted plankton on the floor of the Gulf of Mexico, an indication that toxic oil from the BP spill may

Belogay, Eugene A.

33

2010 oil spill: trajectory projections based on ensemble drifter analyses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010 oil spill: trajectory projections based on ensemble drifter analyses Yu-Lin Chang & Leo Oey # Springer-Verlag 2011 Abstract An accurate method for long-term (weeks to months) projections of oil spill released at the northern Gulf of Mexico spill site is demonstrated during the 2010 oil spill

34

IXTOC OIL SPILL ASSESSMENT FINAL REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IXTOC OIL SPILL ASSESSMENT FINAL REPORT EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Prepared for : Bureau of Land Management in input of tar/oil to the Texas Gulf Coast (Geyer ;, 1981) have less of an obvious ecological impact, if any . The Brittany coast of France has been affected for several years by the acute oil input from

Mathis, Wayne N.

35

Discoveries http://www.depts.ttu.edu/vpr/discoveries/Spring-2011/oil-spill.php[4/25/2011 8:00:52 AM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.S. history. However, Kendall said dispersing the oil could cause more problems than having left the oil aloneDiscoveries http://www.depts.ttu.edu/vpr/discoveries/Spring-2011/oil-spill.php[4/25/2011 8:00:52 AM Horizon Oil Spill ­ One Year Later Watch Video on YouTube Ron Kendall, Director of the Institute

Rock, Chris

36

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for screening spill and source oil samples. In: ProceedingsZafiriou, O. C. 1973. Oil spill-source correlation by gasS. Greenham. 1991. Ship-source oil pollution fund: 20 years

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Spills worsen problems in global oil movements  

SciTech Connect

Since early 1978 there have been several serious accidents involving oil tankers and terminals. The wreck of the Amoco Cadiz off the northwestern coast of France on March 16, 1978, resulted in the largest oil spill in history; about 230,000 tons were spilled over 60 mi of the French coastline. Other less spectacular spills have had similar damaging effects. International spill liability agreements are discussed. The bulk of coastal pollution throughout the world is caused by ballast tank discharges that are in excess of limits set by international convention. Minimizing or eliminating ballast discharges is a primary goal of individual oil companies and international groups. Theoretically, the load on top method of ballast tank cleaning should largely eliminate pollution from ships with facilities to use this technique. Examined are methods of enforcing international regulation of ballast tank cleaning operations and implementing widespread use of the load on top cleaning technique. (1 map, 5 photos, 1 table)

Vielvoye, R.

1979-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

38

OIL SPILL SENSOR USING MULTISPECTRAL INFRARED IMAGING VIA 1 MINIMIZATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OIL SPILL SENSOR USING MULTISPECTRAL INFRARED IMAGING VIA 1 MINIMIZATION Yingying Li , Wei Computational and Applied Mathematics, Rice University ABSTRACT Early detection of oil spill events is the key in detecting the early onset of a small-scale oil spill event. Based on an infrared oil-water contrast model

Yin, Wotao

39

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

prevention is still the best medicine. Key words: oil spills, emergency plans, Gulf of Alaska, land pollution

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Michigan, Oil Spills, Underground Storage, Monitoring Two column tests were conducted using aquifer material to simulate the nitrate field

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Key words: Wetland, Estuary, Louisiana, Oil Spill, Cleaning,wetland loss in Louisiana; beach nourishment; impact of sea level rise; history of shoreline protection methods; oil

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

A predictive ocean oil spill model  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a two-year, Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Initially, the project focused on creating an ocean oil spill model and working with the major oil companies to compare their data with the Los Alamos global ocean model. As a result of this initial effort, Los Alamos worked closely with the Eddy Joint Industry Project (EJIP), a consortium oil and gas producing companies in the US. The central theme of the project was to use output produced from LANL`s global ocean model to look in detail at ocean currents in selected geographic areas of the world of interest to consortium members. Once ocean currents are well understood this information could be used to create oil spill models, improve offshore exploration and drilling equipment, and aid in the design of semi-permanent offshore production platforms.

Sanderson, J.; Barnette, D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Papodopoulos, P. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Schaudt, K. [Marathon Oil Co., Littleton, CO (United States); Szabo, D. [Mobil Research and Development Corp., Dallas, TX (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Microbial gene functions enriched in the Deepwater Horizon deep-sea oil plume  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is the deepest and largest offshore spill in U.S. history and its impacts on marine ecosystems are largely unknown. Here, we showed that the microbial community functional composition and structure were dramatically altered in a deep-sea oil plume resulting from the spill. A variety of metabolic genes involved in both aerobic and anaerobic hydrocarbon degradation were highly enriched in the plume compared to outside the plume, indicating a great potential for intrinsic bioremediation or natural attenuation in the deep-sea. Various other microbial functional genes relevant to carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur and iron cycling, metal resistance, and bacteriophage replication were also enriched in the plume. Together, these results suggest that the indigenous marine microbial communities could play a significant role in biodegradation of oil spills in deep-sea environments.

Lu, Z.; Deng, Y.; Nostrand, J.D. Van; He, Z.; Voordeckers, J.; Zhou, A.; Lee, Y.-J.; Mason, O.U.; Dubinsky, E.; Chavarria, K.; Tom, L.; Fortney, J.; Lamendella, R.; Jansson, J.K.; D?haeseleer, P.; Hazen, T.C.; Zhou, J.

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

44

Absorbents for Mineral Oil Spill Cleanup  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Residual mineral oil on the ground surface following electrical equipment spills is often removed using a surface application of an absorbent material. Traditional absorbent products include clays, sawdust-like products, silica-based products, and various organic industry byproduct materials. After the material has had time to absorb the mineral oil on the ground surface, it is removed and normally sent to a landfill with a liner and leachate collection system designed to Subtitle D standards for municip...

2011-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

45

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transformers, insulating oil, cost analysis, ground water,Baltimore, MD. Key words: costs, oil spill, cleanup. Moller,the savings in fuel oil and disposal costs brought about by

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transport, gasoline, land pollution, mapping, monitoring,words: health, environment, land pollution, water pollution25 pp. Key words: Land Pollution, Oil Spills, Recovery Two

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Oil or Hazardous Spills Releases Law (Georgia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oil or Hazardous Spills Releases Law (Georgia) Oil or Hazardous Spills Releases Law (Georgia) Oil or Hazardous Spills Releases Law (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Program Info State Georgia Program Type Environmental Regulations Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Georgia Department of Natural Resources The Oil or Hazardous Spills Law requires notice to the Environmental

48

Oil biodegradation and bioremediation: A tale of the two worst spills in U.S. history  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the 1989 Alaskan oil Spill. Exxon: Houston, TX, 1992. 4.of bioremediation for the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Natureof recovery from the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill. Mar. Ecol.

Atlas, R.M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Oil biodegradation and bioremediation: A tale of the two worst spills in U.S. history  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Costa, C. F. EPAs Alaska oil spill bioremediation project.for the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Nature 1994, 368, 413418.from the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser.

Atlas, R.M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

abandonment/removal of an offshore platform in Brunei. In:Anderson, R.C. Offshore platform pollution oil spillOil Optimization of offshore platform layouts. In: the 13th

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Mapping oil spills on sea water using spectral mixture analysis of hyperspectral image data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mapping oil spills on sea water using spectral mixture analysis of hyperspectral image data Javier large spill oil events threatening coastal habitats and species. Some recent examples include the 2002 Prestige tanker oil spill in Galicia, Northern Spain, as well as repeated oil spill leaks evidenced

Plaza, Antonio J.

52

Composition and Biodegradation of a Synthetic Oil Spilled on the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

characteristics. Composition and natural attenuation of the spilled aviation diesel fuel are discussed in JaraulaComposition and Biodegradation of a Synthetic Oil Spilled on the Perennial Ice Cover of LakeAeroshell500.Molecularcompositionsoftheoilswereanalyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and compared

Priscu, John C.

53

BP Oil Spill and Air Chemistry Crude oil contains various hydrocarbons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BP Oil Spill and Air Chemistry Crude oil contains various hydrocarbons NOAA and CIRES here at CU went to the oil spill in an aircraft that was equipped with instruments to measure the air quality. 1/3 of the oil dissolved into the water column (methane completely, benzene and ethane almost completely) Showed

Toohey, Darin W.

54

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cleanup rule. E&P Environment. 4:7. E&P Environment. 1993.Texas crude oil spill rule takes effect. E&P Environment.4:23. E&P Environment. 1993. Arco, NRDC settle North Slope

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Specialties [solar wings, oil spill avoidance, on-line patents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The author briefly describes the development of the solar wing, a solar powered prototype aircraft named Pathfinder. The author also describes a navigation system to help ships avoid oil-spills and other obstacles. The author also briefly describes access ...

J. A. Adam

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

The Department of Energy's Scientific Response to the Oil Spill |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Department of Energy's Scientific Response to the Oil Spill The Department of Energy's Scientific Response to the Oil Spill The Department of Energy's Scientific Response to the Oil Spill May 28, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis At the request of President Obama, Secretary Chu and the Department of Energy's National Laboratories are providing round-the-clock scientific support to help inform strategies to stop the BP oil spill. Secretary Chu has spent several days in Houston monitoring the top kill attempt, analyzing the data as it comes in and helping to develop strategies to give it the best chances of success. In the days leading up to the "top kill" attempt, the Secretary and his team of scientists provided expert advice and technical support to test the assumptions behind BP's work and to offer analytical rigor. When diagnostic and pressure tests

57

OIL SPILL BACKGROUND Marcia K McNutt, Juan Lasheras, 'Franklin Shaffer',  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OIL SPILL BACKGROUND Marcia K McNutt, Juan Lasheras, 'Franklin Shaffer', BlIIlehr to: pmbommer on the fate and behavior of spilled oil. Of course, since this spill originates a mile deep, some. ~ Lehr book chapter .pdf #12;Review of modeling procedures for oil spill weathering behavior William J

Fleskes, Joe

58

Blowout in the Gulf: The BP Oil Spill Disaster and the Future of Energy in America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Blowout in the Gulf: The BP Oil Spill Disaster and theBlowout in the Gulf. The BP Oil Spill Disaster and theApril 20 th 2010, eleven oil workers died as the Deepwater

Ferrara, Enzo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Process of cleaning oil spills and the like  

SciTech Connect

A process of cleaning spills of toxic or hazardous materials such as oil, antifreeze, gasoline, and the like from bodies of water, garage floors, roadways and the like, comprising spraying unbonded shredded fiberglass blowing wool composition particles onto the spill, absorbing the spill into the shredded fiberglass blowing wool composition particles, and removing the soaked shredded fiberglass blowing wool composition particles and the spill absorbed therein. An absorbent composition for absorbing spills of toxic or hazardous materials such as oil, antifreeze, gasoline, and like, comprising shredded fiberglass blowing wool particles, and means for absorbing the spill and for stiffening the co-position so that the composition fights against being compressed so that less of the absorbed spill escapes from the composition when it is being removed from the spill, said means including cork particles dispersed in with the fiberglass blowing wool particles. An absorbent sock for absorbing or containing a spill of toxic or hazardous materials such as oil, antifreeze, gasoline, and the like, comprising a hollow tube, said tube being permeable to the toxic or hazardous materials and being made of nylon or polypropylene, and unbonded, shredded fiberglass blowing wool composition particles enclosed in the tube. Apparatus for controlling an oil slick on the surface of water, comprising a craft for traversing the slick, a supply of fiberglass blowing wool composition particles stored on the craft in position for being dispersed, shredding means on the craft for shredding the fiberglass blowing wool particles to form unbonded, shredded fiberglass blowing wool particles, and dispensing means on the craft for dispensing the unbonded, shredded fiberglass blowing wool particles onto the slick.

Breisford, J.A.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

The Mechanism of Long-Term Environmental Impact Assessment for Large Oil Spill Events.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ever since humans began using cargo by sea to transport oil, oil spill incidents have occurred on different scales in different environments. Oil leaks by (more)

Tsao, Kai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

A forecasting solution to the oil spill problem based on a hybrid intelligent system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oil spills represent one of the most destructive environmental disasters. Predicting the possibility of finding oil slicks in a certain area after an oil spill can be critical in reducing environmental risks. The system presented here uses the Case-Based ... Keywords: Case-Based Reasoning, Ensembles, Fusion algorithms, Oil spill, Radial Basis Function, Self organizing memory

Bruno Baruque; Emilio Corchado; Aitor Mata; Juan M. Corchado

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Economic impacts of oil spills: Spill unit costs for tankers, pipelines, refineries, and offshore facilities. [Task 1, Final report  

SciTech Connect

The impacts of oil spills -- ranging from the large, widely publicized Exxon Valdez tanker incident to smaller pipeline and refinery spills -- have been costly to both the oil industry and the public. For example, the estimated costs to Exxon of the Valdez tanker spill are on the order of $4 billion, including $2.8 billion (in 1993 dollars) for direct cleanup costs and $1.125 billion (in 1992 dollars) for settlement of damages claims caused by the spill. Application of contingent valuation costs and civil lawsuits pending in the State of Alaska could raise these costs appreciably. Even the costs of the much smaller 1991 oil spill at Texaco`s refinery near Anacortes, Washington led to costs of $8 to 9 million. As a result, inexpensive waming, response and remediation technologies could lower oil spin costs, helping both the oil industry, the associated marine industries, and the environment. One means for reducing the impact and costs of oil spills is to undertake research and development on key aspects of the oil spill prevention, warming, and response and remediation systems. To target these funds to their best use, it is important to have sound data on the nature and size of spills, their likely occurrence and their unit costs. This information could then allow scarce R&D dollars to be spent on areas and activities having the largest impact. This report is intended to provide the ``unit cost`` portion of this crucial information. The report examines the three key components of the US oil supply system, namely, tankers and barges; pipelines and refineries; and offshore production facilities. The specific purpose of the study was to establish the unit costs of oil spills. By manipulating this key information into a larger matrix that includes the size and frequency of occurrence of oil spills, it will be possible` to estimate the likely future impacts, costs, and sources of oil spills.

Not Available

1993-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

63

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4850' - June 3 2010...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4850' - June 3 2010 (3 of 4) BP Oil Spill Footage...

64

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4850' - June 3 2010...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4850' - June 3 2010 (2 of 4) BP Oil Spill Footage...

65

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4840' - June 3 2010...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4840' - June 3 2010 (1 of 4) BP Oil Spill Footage...

66

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Top Hat Procedure at 4850'...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4850' - June 3 2010 (2 of 4) BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4840' - June 3 2010 (1 of 4) Re-Building Greensburg The...

67

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4850' - June 3 2010...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4850' - June 3 2010 (2 of 4) BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4840' - June 3 2010 (1 of 4) Re-Building Greensburg The...

68

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4840' - June 3 2010...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4850' - June 3 2010 (3 of 4) BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4850' - June 3 2010 (2 of 4) Re-Building Greensburg The...

69

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4850' - June 3 2010...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4850' - June 3 2010 (3 of 4) BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4840' - June 3 2010 (1 of 4) Re-Building Greensburg The...

70

A region-based GLRT detection of oil spills in SAR images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the study, we propose a fast region-based method for the detection of oil spills in SAR images. The proposed method combines the image segmentation technique and conventional detection theory to improve the accuracy of oil spills detection. From the ... Keywords: Constant false alarm ratio (CFAR), Generalizes likelihood ratio test (GLRT), Image segmentation, Oil spills, SAR image

Lena Chang; Z. S. Tang; S. H. Chang; Yang-Lang Chang

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Oil spill still motivates Santa Barbara to be green | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oil spill still motivates Santa Barbara to be green Oil spill still motivates Santa Barbara to be green Oil spill still motivates Santa Barbara to be green May 14, 2010 - 11:58am Addthis The massive offshore oil spill in Santa Barbara in 1969 galvanized the environmental movement, locally and perhaps nationally. | Photo courtesy Bob Duncan The massive offshore oil spill in Santa Barbara in 1969 galvanized the environmental movement, locally and perhaps nationally. | Photo courtesy Bob Duncan Joshua DeLung Many residents of Santa Barbara County in California still remember the 1969 oil spill there, when an oil drill six miles off the county's coast blew out, spilling an estimated 8,000 to 10,000 barrels of crude oil. The resulting oil slick covered 800 square miles of ocean, killing thousands of birds and marine animals and depositing tar on beaches throughout the

72

Assessment of treated vs untreated oil spills. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of a series of studies conducted to determine the practicability and feasibility of using dispersants to mitigate the impact of an oil spill on the environment are described. The method of approach is holistic in that it combines the physical, chemical, microbial and macro-fauna response to a spill treated with dispersants and compares this with spills that are left untreated. The program integrates mathematical, laboratory, meso-scale (three 20 foot high by three feet in diameter tanks, in-situ experiments and analyses to determine if the use of dispersants is an effective oil spill control agent. In summary, it appears viable to use dispersants as determined on a case by case basis. The case for using dispersants has to be based on whether or not their use will mitigate the environmental impact of the spill. In the case of an open ocean spill that is being driven into a rich inter-tidal community, the use of dispersants could greatly reduce the environmental impact. Even in the highly productive George's Bank area at the height of the cod spawning season, the impact of the use of dispersants is well within the limits of natural variability when the threshold toxicity level is assumed to be as low as 100 ppB, a level which is often found in the open ocean. Thus, it appears that dispersants can and should be used when it is evident that their use will mitigate the impacts of the spill. Their use in areas where there is poor circulation and therefore little possibility of rapid dilution is more questionable and should be a subject of future studies.

Wilson, M.P.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Absorbents for Mineral Oil Spill Cleanup, Phase 3: Field Performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Residual mineral oil on the ground surface following electrical equipment spills is often removed using a surface application of an absorbent material. Traditional absorbent products include clays, sawdust-like products, silica-based products, and various organic industry byproduct materials. This project was performed in three phases. Phase 1 included testing to measure overall mineral oil absorption efficiency of 24 absorbents. In Phase 2, absorbents studied in Phase 1 were further ...

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

74

Using oil-spill dispersants on the sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The committee was charged to assess the state of knowledge and practice about the use of dispersants in responding to open-ocean oil-spills. The assessment will guide federal and local governments and industry in both the United States and Canada, in defining the role of dispersants in oil spill response and implementing the use of dispersants. Equally important is the charge to identify gaps in knowledge where research is especially needed. The committee was specifically asked to: determine the effectiveness of dispersants and identify the best techniques for their use; identify the possible impacts of dispersants and dispersed oil on marine and coastal environments; and provide guidance about when and where dispersants should or should not be used.

Not Available

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Oil Spills Since the Exxon Valdez Between June 1988 and June 1989 there were five to six  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APPENDIX A Oil Spills Since the Exxon Valdez Between June 1988 and June 1989 there were five to six thousand spills involving oil and other toxic substances along the coasts and in other navigable waters or morel The months since the Valdez spill have clearly demonstrated that the problem of oil spills

US Army Corps of Engineers

76

Effects of droplet size on intrusion of sub-surface oil spills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the effects of droplet size on droplet intrusion in sub-surface oil spills. Laboratory experiments were performed where glass beads of various sizes, which serve to simulate oil droplets in deepsea oil ...

Chan, Godine Kok Yan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Detection of Oil Spills in SAR Images Using Wavelets and Region Growing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detection of Oil Spills in SAR Images Using Wavelets and Region Growing R?GIA T. S. ARA?JO, FÁTIMA an algorithm to detect oil spills in Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images that can be used to support sensing of environmental disasters. Spillage of oil in coastal waters can be a catastrophic event

de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

78

Advanced Oil Spill Recovery in Marine Environments Victoria Broje and Arturo A. Keller  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced Oil Spill Recovery in Marine Environments Victoria Broje and Arturo A. Keller Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, University of California, Santa Barbara Almost 14,000 oil spills research will help identifying parameters having major effect on oil adhesion to the recovery surface

Keller, Arturo A.

79

South Florida Sun-Sentinel.com NSU, FAU among schools selected to research Gulf oil spill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

South Florida Sun-Sentinel.com NSU, FAU among schools selected to research Gulf oil spill By Scott in an effort to research the impact of the BP oil spill on the Gulf of Mexico. Florida Atlantic University. Among the projects selected: ·FIU and Nova will use sharks and scavengers to assess the impact of oil

Belogay, Eugene A.

80

GLOBAL SUSTAINABILITY/OIL SPILL COMMUNITY SEMINAR "Natural and Unnatural Oil in the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GLOBAL SUSTAINABILITY/OIL SPILL COMMUNITY SEMINAR "Natural and Unnatural Oil in the Gulf of Mexico in the Gulf of Mexico has been cited as a factor that may have pre-conditioned the gulf ecosystem better a strong Gulf of Mexico focus, but includes work on the deep-sea biology of hydrothermal vents

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Effects of the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill on bald eagles. Bird study number 4. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill state/federal natural resource damage assessment final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We estimated that about 8000 bald eagles (Halieetus leucocephalus) inhabited the area affected by the spill at the time of the Exxon Valdez oil spill. We conducted a 3-year study to determine effects of the spill on the bald eagle population and reproduction and survival of adults and fledglings. The greatest injuries to bald eagles occurred in 1989 and were manifested by direct mortality of bald eagles throughout the spill area and significantly reduced reproduction in PWS. We could not discern negative effects on the population or reproduction of eagles after 1989.

Bowman, T.D.; Schempf, P.F.; Bernatowicz, J.A.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Smooth Cord Grass (Spartina Alterniflora) Response to Simulated Oil Spills in Sediment-Water Microcosms.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Simulated oil spills were created in S. alterniflora sediment-water microcosms to determine the effects of applied crude oil on S.alterniflora during two 90-day studies. (more)

Beenk, Elliott E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Top Hat Procedure at 4850'...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Top Hat Procedure at 4850' - June 3 2010 (4 of 4) BP Oil...

84

Parens Patriae Litigation to Redress Societal Damages from the BP Oil Spill: The Latest Stage in the Evolution of Crimtorts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oil slick polluted "the precious wetlands, bays, and estuaries of Louisiana'sLouisiana seeks compensation for damages caused by the oil spill to its "marshes, wetlands,

Rustad, Michael L.; Koenig, Thomas H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Mineral Oil Spill Evaluation System-Multi Phase (MOSES-MP), Version 4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The MOSES-MP software is used to determine whether a spill of mineral oil from electrical equipment is likely to reach nearby surface water via overland flow or to migrate through the subsurface to underlying groundwater. The program consists of two integrated modules: the Mineral Oil Spill Evaluation System (MOSES) module calculates the probabilities and volumes of oil reaching a water body, and the Multiphase (MP) module simulates transport through soils to groundwater. In addition to ...

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

86

Gulf oil spill's ripples still a worry Warranted or not, disaster fears loom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gulf oil spill's ripples still a worry Warranted or not, disaster fears loom BY JIM WAYMER from the nation's worst-ever oil mess. Oceanographers want to know the paths of underwater oil plumes. Biologists wonder if nesting sea turtles that accidentally gulped oil will lay viable eggs or whether eggs

Belogay, Eugene A.

87

Spills-  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 SWCX for Installation or Modification of Retention Tanks and Small Basins to Control Runoff and 6 SWCX for Installation or Modification of Retention Tanks and Small Basins to Control Runoff and Spills- Revision 0 Sitewide Categorical Exclusion for Installation or Modification of Retention Tanks and Small Basins to Control Runoff and Spills Introduction As defined in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Richland Operations Office Integrated Management System Procedure, NEPA Analysis at Hanford, a sitewide categorical exclusion is: An application of DOE categorical exclusions described in 10 CFR 1021, Appendices A and B, which may apply to Hanford Site proposed actions (activities) that are "sitewide" in nature and extent, which the cognizant DOE Hanford NCO has determined fit within the scope (i.e., same nature and intent, and of the same or lesser scope) of DOE categorical exclusions described in 10

88

Transporting US oil imports: The impact of oil spill legislation on the tanker market  

SciTech Connect

The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 ( OPA'') and an even more problematic array of State pollution laws have raised the cost, and risk, of carrying oil into and out of the US. This report, prepared under contract to the US Department of energy's Office of Domestic and International Policy, examines the impact of Federal and State oil spill legislation on the tanker market. It reviews the role of marine transportation in US oil supply, explores the OPA and State oil spill laws, studies reactions to OPA in the tanker and tank barge industries and in related industries such as insurance and ship finance, and finally, discusses the likely developments in the years ahead. US waterborne oil imports amounted to 6.5 million B/D in 1991, three-quarters of which was crude oil. Imports will rise by almost 3 million B/D by 2000 according to US Department of energy forecasts, with most of the crude oil growth after 1995. Tanker demand will grow even faster: most of the US imports and the increased traffic to other world consuming regions will be on long-haul trades. Both the number of US port calls by tankers and the volume of offshore lightering will grow. Every aspect of the tanker industry's behavior is affected by OPA and a variety of State pollution laws.

Rowland, P.J. (Rowland (P.) Associates (United States))

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Hindcast of oil-spill pollution during the Lebanon crisis in the Eastern Mediterranean, JulyAugust 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hindcast of oil-spill pollution during the Lebanon crisis in the Eastern Mediterranean, July, Athens, Greece a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: Lebanese oil-pollution event Oil-spill modeling Oceanography Network http://www.moon-oceanforecasting.eu) pro- vides near-real-time information on oil

Georgiou, Georgios

90

DOE Makes Public Detailed Information on the BP Oil Spill | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Makes Public Detailed Information on the BP Oil Spill Makes Public Detailed Information on the BP Oil Spill DOE Makes Public Detailed Information on the BP Oil Spill June 8, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - As part of the Obama Administration's ongoing commitment to transparency surrounding the response to the BP oil spill, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced today that Department is providing online access to schematics, pressure tests, diagnostic results and other data about the malfunctioning blowout preventer. Secretary Chu insisted on making the data widely available to ensure the public is as informed as possible, and to ensure that outside experts making recommendations have access to the same information that BP and the government have. The site will be updated with additional data soon. "Transparency is not only in the public interest, it is part of the

91

Secretary Chu Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil Spill  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil Spill Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil Spill Response Efforts Secretary Chu Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil Spill Response Efforts May 21, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington DC -- Energy Secretary Steven Chu will postpone a trip to China, scheduled for next week, at the request of President Obama and stay in the country to continue his work on response efforts to the BP oil spill. "Finding a solution to this crisis is a matter of national importance," Secretary Chu said. "I want to continue to play a role in assisting in the efforts and stopping this leak as soon as possible." Secretary Chu was originally scheduled to visit Beijing and Shanghai and discuss further progress on bilateral clean energy cooperation.

92

Microbial petroleum degradation enhancement by oil spill bioremediation products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biodegradation of an artificially weathered crude oil (Alaska North Slope) was compared using 13 different oil spill bioremediation agents. All products were evaluated under identical conditions emulating a marine environment. The research was conducted using unpolluted, natural seawater. The products were tested in triplicate using 250 ml Erlenmeyer flasks and evaluated over a 28 day period to determine the products' capabilities based on the extent of petroleum degradation. Toxicity and petroleum chemistry data were used to assess the products' degrading capabilities. Total petroleum hydrocarbons analyses were completed on all the products. GC-MS analyses of the petroleum fractions helped to determine the concentration of target compounds for the products. Six products showed a significant extent of microbial degradation, however only one met the toxicity criteria. A total of 68 analytes were quantified from the six successful products. The petroleum hydrocarbons were significantly degraded by six treatments as compared with the nutrient and non-nutrient control. The saturate resolved hydrocarbons were reduced an average of 90% of the original weight, while the aromatic resolved hydrocarbons were degraded approximately 60%. The toxicity criteria reduced the initial number of products to one product only. Biodegradation to a lesser extent was also achieved by the indigenous microbial population with the addition of nutrients alone. Further research should be completed before considering any of these products for application in the field.

Lee, Salvador Aldrett

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Innovation in Storm Water and Oil Spill Control Techniques for Substations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric utilities must comply with a wide range of state and federal regulatory policies. One regulation of particular concern to electric utilities in the United States is the Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasures (SPCC) Rule (40 CFR Part 112). This regulation, administered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), requires some facilities that produce, store, or use oil to implement oil spill control measures. Explosive failure of secondary electrical equipment such as small transforme...

2005-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

94

Perceptions of BP: Successes of Post 2010 Oil Spill Recover Effort By  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This purpose of this project was to determine peoples opinions of BPs post 2010 oil spill recovery effort. The researcher examined 65 faculty at the University of Southern Mississippi in order to determine their beliefs, attitudes, and intentions concerning different elements of the BP oil spill recovery effort. The researcher found that there is an overall negative opinion concerning the economic, ecological, and overall recovery effort aspects of the spill. This research suggests that BP still has some work to do in order to restore the gulf coast like they promised.

Jordan R. Mathews; Jordan Mathews; David R. Davies

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Oil spill nears the beaches of Florida, and the leak may not be plugged before Christmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil spill nears the beaches of Florida, and the leak may not be plugged before Christmas By David Gardner Last updated at 11:32 AM on 3rd June 2010 BP's giant oil slick was bearing down on Florida holidaymakers a year visit Florida and state leaders fear the oil will devastate a tourist industry

Belogay, Eugene A.

96

Did BP's oil-dissolving chemical make the spill By Kate Spinner  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Did BP's oil-dissolving chemical make the spill worse? By Kate Spinner Published: Monday, May 30, 2011 at 8:47 p.m. BP succeeded in sinking the oil from its blown well out of sight -- and keeping much chemicals. But the impact on the ecosystem as a whole may have been more damaging than the oil alone

Belogay, Eugene A.

97

Harbor Branch researcher on top of bottom life ahead of oil spill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Harbor Branch researcher on top of bottom life ahead of oil spill By Ed Killer Saturday, June 12 like if touched by an underwater plume of oil. No doubt, much of it would be gone forever. Reed inhabiting the reefs, Reed hoped the oil would not be swept around the tip of Florida and onto the fragile

Belogay, Eugene A.

98

Behavioral constraints on harlequin duck population recovery from the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound, Alaska.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??I investigated the relationship between harlequin duck (Histrionicus histrionicus) behavior and lack of recovery from the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound, Alaska. (more)

[No author

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Harlequin duck demography during winter in Prince William Sound, Alaska : effects of the Exxon Valdez oil spill.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill was a major perturbation of nearshore habitats of Prince William Sound, a wintering area for harlequin ducks (Histrionicus histrionicus). (more)

[No author

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Bald eagle survival and population dynamics in Alaska after the Exxon Valdez oil spill  

SciTech Connect

We investigated age-specific annual survival rates for 159 bald eagles (Haliaeetus Leucocephalus) radiotagged from 1989 to 1992 in Prince William Sound (PWS), Alaska. We monitored radio-tagged eagles for {le}3 years beginning 4 months after the Exxon Valdez oil spill. There was no difference (P > 0.10) in survival rates between eagles radiotagged in oiled areas and eagles radiotagged in unoiled areas of PWS. Pooled annual survival rates were 71% for first-year eagles, 95% for subadults, and 88% for adult bald eagles. Most deaths occurred from March to May. We found no indication that survival of bald eagles radiotagged >4 months after the oil spill in PWS was directly influenced by the spill and concluded that any effect of the spill on survival occurred before eagles were radiotagged. A deterministic life table model suggests that the PWS bald eagle population has an annual finite growth rate of 2%. Given the cumulative effects of direct mortality and reduced productivity caused by the oil spill, we predicted that the bald eagle population would return to its pre-spill size by 1992. 27 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

Bowman, T.D.; Bernatowicz, J.A. [Fish and Wildlife Service, Anchorage, AK (United States); Schempf, P.F. [Fish and Wildlife Service, Juneau, AK (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

http://blogs.universitybusiness.com/[7/14/2010 2:35:58 PM] Higher Ed's Help with Oil Spill Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

called "Oil and Water: The Gulf Oil Spill of 2010" centering on the Gulf's history and ecologyUB Buzz http://blogs.universitybusiness.com/[7/14/2010 2:35:58 PM] Higher Ed's Help with Oil Spill and universities across the country have been getting their hands dirty with the Gulf Coast oil spill

Rock, Chris

102

Collusion Through Insurance: Sharing the Costs of Oil Spill Cleanups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction When the Exxon Valdez snagged on an underwaterso far as to suggest that Exxon would actually profit fromfive times the size of the Exxon spill,^ and therefore it

Dekel, Eddie; Scothmer, Suzanne

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Department of Energy Activities in Response to the Deepwater BP Oil Spill  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Activities in Response to the Deepwater BP Oil Spill Activities in Response to the Deepwater BP Oil Spill At the request of the President, Secretary Chu and Secretary Salazar traveled to Houston and participated in meetings today with DOE and national lab staff, industry officials and other engineers and scientists involved in finding solutions to cap the flow of oil and contain the spill. Secretary Chu assembled a group of top scientific experts from inside and outside of government to join in today's discussions in Houston about possible solutions. This team includes: * Dr. Tom Hunter, Director of the Department of Energy's Sandia National Labs * Dr. George A. Cooper, an expert in materials science and retired professor from UC Berkeley * Richard Lawrence Garwin, a physicist and IBM Fellow Emeritus

104

Parens Patriae Litigation to Redress Societal Damages from the BP Oil Spill: The Latest Stage in the Evolution of Crimtorts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

harmed by the oil spill. B. History of Parens Patriae 1. Theoil spill has led to some of the most complex legal dilemmas in Anglo-American history.oil 5 created the largest marine environmental catastrophe in U.S. history.

Rustad, Michael L.; Koenig, Thomas H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Effects of oil spills on coastal wetlands and their recovery: Year 4, final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oil spills can have a significant short-term impact on coastal marshes, but the long term effects and perhaps eventual recovery are not well documented. The overall goal of the investigation is to document the long-term recovery rate of a Louisiana brackish marsh impacted by an oil spill on 23 April 1985, to separate the effect of the oil spill on marsh deterioration from ambient rates of marsh degradation, and to test means by which recovery can be accelerated and the damage mitigated. These goals have been accomplished through both remote sensing and ground truth assessments, ground based vegetation stress measurements, and manipulative field experiments. A total of 68 permanent plots that were established in the oiled and control marshes at the study site in 1985 were re-surveyed for plant and soil recovery in the fall of 1989 and assessed for species composition, live and dead percentage cover, and residual oil impact. Significant vegetative recovery of the oil-impacted marsh four years after the spill was evident as indicated by significant increases in vegetative cover.

Mendelssohn, I.A.; Hester, M.W.; Hill, J.M.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

regulations on oil and gas exploration. In: Proceedings oftrend corporation oil and gas exploration and exploitationmeasures for oil and gas exploration and production. In:

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carolina): determining oil quantity from marsh surface area.to redefine a harmful quantity of oil. In: Proceedings ofremoval of large quantities of oil at sea, particularly in

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

The IXTOC I oil spill: the Federal Scientific Response. Special report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 3 June 1979, a Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX) exploratory well, IXTOC I, blew out in the Bay of Campeche, about 80 km northwest of Ciudad del Carmen, Mexico. The spill, not brought under control until 27 March 1980, became the largest oil spill in history. The following summary described the numerous operation support activities and scientific studies performed under the purview of the Federal Scientific Support Coordinator. The primary purpose of the physical, chemical, and biological activities described herein was to provide the Federal On-Scene Coordinator (OSC) with timely information concerning the location, toxicity, and potential ecological impact of the oil on the Texas coastline.

Hooper, C.H.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Microsoft PowerPoint - SWPA Transformer Oil Spill Risk Final...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site Information UtilizationLoad Information UtilizationLoad Information Transformer Information Transformer Information Oil information Oil information Site Topography...

110

Numerical simulations of the Macondo well blowout reveal strong control of oil flow by reservoir permeability and exsolution of gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

released from the BP oil well blowout, Nature Geoscience, 4:for the Deepwater Horizon /Macondo Well oil spill. Flow Ratecolumn of oil and gas in the well, it would imply the

Oldenburg, C.M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

silversides exposed to waste motor oil. In: Proceedings ofU.S.A. Year. Key words: motor oil, EPA regulations, recycledon a 10w-30 multigrade motor oil solid medium to screen for

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1984): 91 Key words: oil shale, Colorado, industrial plantof arsenic from retorted oil shale. In Rep No DOE/Pp IV1-IV36, 1982 ($27 00) (Oil Shale Environmental Research

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Microsoft PowerPoint - SWPA Transformer Oil Spill Risk Final...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Transformer Oil Containment Transformer Oil Containment Risk Assessment Risk Assessment A Team Approach A Team Approach SWPA SPRA USACE SWPA SPRA USACE Marshall Boyken...

114

Microsoft PowerPoint - SWPA Transformer Oil Spill Risk Final...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Transformer Oil Containment Transformer Oil Containment Risk Assessment Risk Assessment SWPA SPRA USACE SWPA SPRA USACE Marshall Boyken 2 Project Timeline Project...

115

Management Practices for Prevention and Retention of Oil Spills from Substation Equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Releases of mineral oil from insulated substation equipment present potential environmental and economic burden. The purpose of this report is to discuss practices utilized to prevent releases of mineral oil, to the extent practical, and then to contain spills/leaks that do occur. Discussion is provided to aid a company's decision in identifying those management practices that are best for their conditions, with "best" being defined as those that provide the optimal balance of cost, performance, and envi...

2003-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

116

MOSES Leak Tool 1.0 - Mineral Oil Spill Evaluation System Leak Tool, Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of the Mineral Oil Spill Evaluation System (MOSES) Leak Tool Version 1.0 is to provide a Monte-Carlo estimate of the initial horizontal spill radius from leaks in either at-grade or pole-mounted transformers. The internal transformer pressure is specified as either being atmospheric or at pressurized conditions. This tool is intended to supplement the MOSES-MP code (EPRI, 2002). The MOSES-MP code estimates the extent of oil migration from leaks and spills from electrical oil-filled equipment ...

2007-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

117

Oil Spill Response: The LSU School of the Coast and Environment and the LSU College of Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sectors to discuss the government's response to the spill and various other aspects of the disaster list is not meant to be comprehensive. For more information about LSU's response to the disasterOil Spill Response: The LSU School of the Coast and Environment and the LSU College of Engineering

118

Parens Patriae Litigation to Redress Societal Damages from the BP Oil Spill: The Latest Stage in the Evolution of Crimtorts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at 331 (interpreting the Exxon Valdez oil spill as lying onRodgers, Jr. , et al. , The Exxon Valdez Reopener: NaturalThe 1991 settlement between Exxon and the United States and

Rustad, Michael L.; Koenig, Thomas H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

What comes next? : employment opportunities for Vietnamese American fisherfolk affected by the BP gulf oil spill in Louisiana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores potential employment opportunities in energy efficiency construction and aquaculture for Vietnamese American fisherfolk significantly impacted by the BP oil spill in Louisiana. First, the thesis explains ...

Dang, Mai T. (Mai Thuy Tran)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Transporting US oil imports: The impact of oil spill legislation on the tanker market. Draft final report  

SciTech Connect

The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (``OPA``) and an even more problematic array of State pollution laws have raised the cost, and risk, of carrying oil into and out of the US. This report, prepared under contract to the US Department of energy`s Office of Domestic and International Policy, examines the impact of Federal and State oil spill legislation on the tanker market. It reviews the role of marine transportation in US oil supply, explores the OPA and State oil spill laws, studies reactions to OPA in the tanker and tank barge industries and in related industries such as insurance and ship finance, and finally, discusses the likely developments in the years ahead. US waterborne oil imports amounted to 6.5 million B/D in 1991, three-quarters of which was crude oil. Imports will rise by almost 3 million B/D by 2000 according to US Department of energy forecasts, with most of the crude oil growth after 1995. Tanker demand will grow even faster: most of the US imports and the increased traffic to other world consuming regions will be on long-haul trades. Both the number of US port calls by tankers and the volume of offshore lightering will grow. Every aspect of the tanker industry`s behavior is affected by OPA and a variety of State pollution laws.

Rowland, P.J. [Rowland (P.) Associates (United States)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

An otter tragedy. [Environmental effects of oil spills  

SciTech Connect

Otters appear to be the most vulnerable of all marine mammals to oil; oil reduces the insulating value of their fur by as much as 70% and otters are extremely vulnerable to oil poisoning through inhalation of hydrocarbon fumes, ingestion of petroleum, and absorption through the skin. After the Exxon Valdez accident in Alaska's Prince William Sound, dramatic efforts were made to rescue and rehabilitate otters and other sea animals. One hundred ninety seven of the treated otters were released back into the wild. However, soon after the release, wildlife biologist Lisa Rotterman reported an unprecidented die-off of never-oiled otters. Many of the treated otters may have carried a potentially novel herpesvirus, but whether this caused the die-off is controversial. It is also hard to separate symptoms of sickness, stress, and fear from oil toxicity. Overall the findings suggest a generic regimen for all oiled otters: antibiotics, vitamin and mineral supplements, and prompt administration of fluids. Assessing which animals need care is an urgent need. Strict quarantine, short captivity time, and protected handling of oiled animals are further suggestions.

Raloff, J.

1993-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

122

Mineral Oil Spill Evaluation System -- Multi Phase Code, Version 3.0 (MOSES-MP)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The MOSES-MP Version 3.0 software for Windows-based PC computers provides an easy-to-use method for predicting the likelihood of mineral oil spills from substations or other fluids from aboveground storage tanks reaching groundwater or nearby surface water. MOSES-MP also predicts the quantity of oil that infiltrates the ground beneath electrical equipment and provides soil saturation profiles at user-specified times. The effects of frozen days and fire events can also be evaluated. Options allow the user...

2002-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

123

ORISE: White paper analyzes Deepwater Horizon event for improving nuclear  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deepwater Horizon and Nuclear and Radiological Incidents: Common Challenges Deepwater Horizon and Nuclear and Radiological Incidents: Common Challenges and Solutions White paper analyzes Deepwater Horizon response, identifies approaches for radiological or nuclear emergency planning The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill shares many of the same challenges associated with a radiological incident like the one considered in the Empire 09 exercise or even a much larger nuclear incident. By analyzing experiences during Deepwater Horizon, these challenges can be identified by the interagency in advance of a radiological or nuclear emergency and solutions made available. In the white paper Deepwater Horizon and Nuclear and Radiological Incidents: Common Challenges and Solutions (PDF, 462KB), ORISE examines the following three aspects of the Deepwater Horizon response:

124

Ecological Modelling 117 (1999) 261267 Modeling bird mortality associated with the M/V Citrus oil spill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ecological Modelling 117 (1999) 261­267 Modeling bird mortality associated with the M/V Citrus oil of Ornithology, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York NY 10024, USA/V Citrus oil spill in February 1996. Most of the islands beaches were searched on an irregular schedule

Rockwell, Robert F.

125

Particles of spilled oil-absorbing carbon in contact with water  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrogen generator coupled to or integrated with a fuel cell for portable power applications. Hydrogen is produced via thermocatalytic decomposition (cracking, pyrolysis) of hydrocarbon fuels in oxidant-free environment. The apparatus can utilize a variety of hydrocarbon fuels, including natural gas, propane, gasoline, kerosene, diesel fuel, crude oil (including sulfurous fuels). The hydrogen-rich gas produced is free of carbon oxides or other reactive impurities, so it could be directly fed to any type of a fuel cell. The catalysts for hydrogen production in the apparatus are carbon-based or metal-based materials and doped, if necessary, with a sulfur-capturing agent. Additionally disclosed are two novel processes for the production of two types of carbon filaments, and a novel filamentous carbon product. Carbon particles with surface filaments having a hydrophobic property of oil film absorption, compositions of matter containing those particles, and a system for using the carbon particles for cleaning oil spills.

Muradov, Nazim (Melbourne, FL)

2011-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

126

Significance of Cytochrome P450 System Responses and Levels of Bile Fluorescent Aromatic Compounds in Marine Wildlife Following Oil Spills  

SciTech Connect

The relationships among cytochrome P450 induction in marine wildlife species, levels of fluorescent aromatic compounds (FAC) in their bile, the chemical composition of the inducing compounds, the significance of the exposure pathway, and any resulting injury, as a consequence of exposure to crude oil following a spill, are reviewed. Fish collected after oil spills often show increases in cytochrome P450 system activity, cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) and bile fluorescent aromatic compounds (FAC), that are correlated with exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in the oil. There is also some evidence for increases in bile FAC and induction of cytochrome P450 in marine birds and mammals after oil spills. However, when observed, increases in these exposure indicators are transitory and generally decrease to background levels within one year after the exposure. Laboratory studies have shown induction of cytochrome P450 systems occurs after exposure of fish to crude oil in water, sediment or food. Most of the PAH found in crude oil (dominantly 2- and 3-ring PAH) are not strong inducers of cytochrome P450. Exposure to the 4-ring chrysenes or the photooxidized products of the PAH may account for the cytochrome P450 responses in fish collected from oil-spill sites. The contribution of non-spill background PAH, particularly combustion-derived (pyrogenic) PAH, to bile FAC and cytochrome P450 system responses can be confounding and needs to be considered when evaluating oil spill effects. The ubiquity of pyrogenic PAH makes it important to fully characterize all sources of PAH, including PAH from natural resources, e.g. retene, in oil spill studies. In addition, such parameters as species, sex, age, ambient temperature and season need to be taken into account. While increases in fish bile FAC and cytochrome P450 system responses, can together, be sensitive general indicators of PAH exposure after an oil spill, there is little unequivocal evidence to suggest a linkage to higher order biological effects, e.g. toxicity, lesions, reproductive failure.

Lee, Richard F.; Anderson, Jack W.

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

130 The Journal of Ocean Technology Spindrift Copyright Journal of Ocean Technology 2012 Planning for oil spill response requires identifying key hazards that could cause an incident,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, GIS data, and personnel. It activated its Disaster Response Team to provide assistance to users and services through its disaster response web site. These included an online oil spill plume trajectory model Planning for oil spill response requires identifying key hazards that could cause an incident, an analysis

Wright, Dawn Jeannine

128

One year later, Tech finds no evidence of oil spill in seafood -KCBD, NewsChannel 11 Lubbock http://www.kcbd.com/story/14486201/one-year-later-tech-finds-no-evidence-of-bp-oil-spill-in-seafood[4/21/2011 8:09:22 AM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One year later we remember the start of the largest oil spill in U.S. history. Last summer the leakOne year later, Tech finds no evidence of oil spill in seafood - KCBD, NewsChannel 11 Lubbock http://www.kcbd.com/story/14486201/one-year-later-tech-finds-no-evidence-of-bp-oil-spill-in-seafood[4/21/2011 8:09:22 AM] Email Share

Rock, Chris

129

Using the TODIM-FSE method as a decision-making support methodology for oil spill response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a multi-criteria method for solving classification problems, called TODIM-FSE. This name was chosen because its structure merges characteristics from two different methods: TODIM and FSE. In order to demonstrate TODIM-FSE, a model ... Keywords: Environmental damage, Multiple criteria analysis, Oil spill response, SISNOLEO, TODIM-FSE

Aderson Campos Passos, Marcello Goulart Teixeira, Katia Cristina Garcia, Anelise Menezes Cardoso, Luiz Flavio Autran Monteiro Gomes

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

The Gulf Oil Spill: Ecogenomics and Ecoresilience (Keynote - 2011 JGI User Meeting)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (JGI) invited scientists interested in the application of genomics to bioenergy and environmental issues, as well as all current and prospective users and collaborators, to attend the annual DOE JGI Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting held March 22-24, 2011 in Walnut Creek, Calif. The emphasis of this meeting was on the genomics of renewable energy strategies, carbon cycling, environmental gene discovery, and engineering of fuel-producing organisms. The meeting features presentations by leading scientists advancing these topics. Berkeley Lab microbial ecologist Terry Hazen delivers a keynote on "The Gulf Oil Spill: Ecogenomics and Ecoresilience" at the 6th Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 22, 2011.

Hazen, Terry [LBNL

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

131

Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 544: Cellars, Mud Pits, and Oil Spills, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

This Closure Report (CR) presents information supporting the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 544: Cellars, Mud Pits, and Oil Spills, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada. This CR complies with the requirements of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order that was agreed to by the State of Nevada; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Environmental Management; U.S. Department of Defense; and DOE, Legacy Management. The corrective action sites (CASs) within CAU 544 are located within Areas 2, 7, 9, 10, 12, 19, and 20 of the Nevada National Security Site. Corrective Action Unit 544 comprises the following CASs: 02-37-08, Cellar & Mud Pit 02-37-09, Cellar & Mud Pit 07-09-01, Mud Pit 09-09-46, U-9itsx20 PS #1A Mud Pit 10-09-01, Mud Pit 12-09-03, Mud Pit 19-09-01, Mud Pits (2) 19-09-03, Mud Pit 19-09-04, Mud Pit 19-25-01, Oil Spill 19-99-06, Waste Spill 20-09-01, Mud Pits (2) 20-09-02, Mud Pit 20-09-03, Mud Pit 20-09-04, Mud Pits (2) 20-09-06, Mud Pit 20-09-07, Mud Pit 20-09-10, Mud Pit 20-25-04, Oil Spills 20-25-05, Oil Spills The purpose of this CR is to provide documentation supporting the completed corrective actions and data confirming that the closure objectives for CASs within CAU 544 were met. To achieve this, the following actions were performed: Review the current site conditions, including the concentration and extent of contamination. Implement any corrective actions necessary to protect human health and the environment. Properly dispose of corrective action and investigation wastes. Document Notice of Completion and closure of CAU 544 issued by the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection.

Mark Krauss and Catherine Birney

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

A peak-capture algorithm used on an autonomous underwater vehicle in the 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill response scientific survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill Response Scientific Survey on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Ship Gordon Gunter Cruise GU-10-02 (27 May4 June 2010), a Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute autonomous underwater vehicle ...

Yanwu Zhang; Robert S. McEwen; John P. Ryan; James G. Bellingham; Hans Thomas; Charles H. Thompson; Erich Rienecker

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

H. R. 2223: Oil Spill Resource Restoration Act. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, First Session, May 3, 1989  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

H.R. 2223 would provide for expedited assessment of damages from major oil spills, and would amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to disallow deduction of the costs for cleanup of oil or hazardous substance discharges. Upon receiving a petition for expedited preliminary damage, the administrator would immediately initiate an assessment of the damages to natural resources. Within 20 days if it is found to be a major spill, the administrator designates trustees for overseeing both Federal and state natural resources that are affected, establishes a commission of these trustees, makes a determination regarding the party responsible for the spill, and directs that party to establish a trust fund accessible to the commission in an amount determined to be adequate to pay reasonable costs incurred by the commission for a full assessment of the damages and for preparing a restoration and replacement plan. Deductions for cleanup of spills would be allowed only if it can be certified that the taxpayer made good faith efforts to comply with the Clean Water Act for oil spills or with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act for hazardous substances spills or if it can be proved that the spill was caused by an act of God, and act of war, negligence on the part of the US government, or an act of omission of a third party. The bill would be applicable to spills occurring after March 23, 1989.

Not Available

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Data from Deepwater Horizon | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Data from Deepwater Horizon Data from Deepwater Horizon Data from Deepwater Horizon "Transparency is not only in the public interest, it is part of the scientific process. We want to make sure that independent scientists, engineers and other experts have every opportunity to review this information and make their own conclusions." -Secretary Chu As part of the Obama Administration's ongoing commitment to transparency surrounding the response to the BP oil spill, the Department of Energy is providing online access to schematics, pressure tests, diagnostic results and other data about the malfunctioning blowout preventer. Secretary Chu insisted on making the data widely available to ensure the public is as informed as possible, and to ensure that outside experts making recommendations have access to the same information that BP and the

135

Swartz: Oil on the coasts? 'We will never, ever get By SALLY SWARTZ  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Swartz: Oil on the coasts? 'We will never, ever get it off.' By SALLY SWARTZ Posted: 7:58 p the Deepwater Horizon oil spill for a long time, a geologist who worked for the oil industry told Martin County great, Mr. Egan said. "But scratch the surface of the sand, and you hit tar. Oil got into the food chain

Belogay, Eugene A.

136

A Web-Based GIS Planning Framework For Urban Oil Spill Management.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The thesis is comprised of five chapters. Chapter 1 presents an introduction and identifies the spill issues and strategy gaps at the municipal level. The (more)

Han, Helena Y.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Local expert says Gulf Coast oil spill worst in US history -KCBD, NewsChannel 11 Lubbock | http://www.kcbd.com/Global/story.asp?s=12420450&clienttype=printable[5/5/2010 10:50:55 AM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Local expert says Gulf Coast oil spill worst in US history - KCBD, NewsChannel 11 Lubbock | http devastating oil spill in our nation's history. Texas Tech University's Environmental and Human Health Director://www.kcbd.com/Global/story.asp?s=12420450&clienttype=printable[5/5/2010 10:50:55 AM] 5/3/10 Local expert says Gulf Coast oil spill worst

Rock, Chris

138

New and interesting prepolymers based on the molecular dynamics computer simulation of binary systems to be utilized in the clean-up technologies of off-shore oil spills  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New emerging technologies for the clean-up of off-shore oil spills have been reported. Several research groups are currently working on various ways to develop new urethane prepolymers that will foam upon contact with water and encapsulate the oil droplets ... Keywords: computer simulation, hydrophobic, miscibility, molecular dynamics, oil spill, urethane prepolymer

Rasha A. Azzam; Tarek M. Madkour

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Monitoring of Olympic National Park Beaches to determine fate and effects of spilled bunker C fuel oil  

SciTech Connect

On December 23, 1988, the barge Nestucca was accidentally struck by its tow, a Souse Brothers Towing Company tug, releasing approximately 230,000 gallons of Bunker C fuel oil and fouling beaches from Grays Harbor north to Vancouver Island. Affected beaches in Washington included a 40-mile-long strip that has been recently added to Olympic National Park. The purpose of the monitoring program documented in this report was to determine the fate of spilled Bunker C fuel oil on selected Washington coastal beaches. We sought to determine (1) how much oil remained in intertidal and shallow subtidal habitats following clean-up and weathering, (2) to what extent intertidal and/or shallow subtidal biotic assemblages have been contaminated, and (3) how rapidly the oil has left the ecosystem. 45 refs., 18 figs., 8 tabs.

Strand, J.A.; Cullinan, V.I.; Crecelius, E.A.; Fortman, T.J.; Citterman, R.J.; Fleischmann, M.L.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Join Shell and Purdue for a series of discussions that will explore preventative measures to minimize risk of oil spills, the future of natural gas infrastructure, and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to minimize risk of oil spills, the future of natural gas infrastructure, and the challenges we face in our-deepwater Exploration" 10:30am ­ 11:30am Panel Discussion: "Natural Gas and the Logistics of Changing Infrastructures ENERGY DAY A Symposium on the New Frontiers in Oil and Natural Gas Exploration #12;

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

(Enhydm Lutris) Collected Following the Exron Vuldez Oil Spill Marine Mammal Study 6-16 Final Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

part of the Natural Resource Damaxe Assessment (NRDA). The study had a broad scope, involving more than 20 scientists over a three year period. Final results are presented in a series of 19 reports that address the various project components. Abstract: Ten moderately to heavily oiled sea otters were collected in Prince William Sound early during the Enon Valdez oil spill and up to seven tissues from each were analyzed for hydrocarbons. All of the animals had gross pathological lesions consistent with exposure to crude oil as an ultimate cause of death. Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons were detected in all tissues. The alkane series C20 through C30 frequently was observed at relatively high concentrations in all tissue types, as were the aromatic compounds naphthalene, its alkylated

Brenda E. Ballachey; U. S. Fish; Wildlife Service; Kimberly A. Kloecker; Brenda E. Ballachey; U. S. Fish; Wildlife Service; Kimberly A. Kloecker

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Comprehensive study of a heavy fuel oil spill : modeling and analytical approaches to understanding environmental weathering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Driven by increasingly heavy oil reserves and more efficient refining technologies, use of heavy fuel oils for power generation is rising. Unlike other refined products and crude oils, a large portion of these heavy oils ...

Lemkau, Karin Lydia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Oil biodegradation and bioremediation: A tale of the two worst spills in U.S. history  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from the Macondo oil near the source, and oil thatof surface oil samples from the source toward the shoreOil Biodegradation Half-Life Comparisons Crude Type Light Crude (API35) Source

Atlas, R.M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Top Engineers to Investigate Cause of Oil by Lauren Schenkman on July 13, 2010 6:02 PM |  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Top Engineers to Investigate Cause of Oil Spill by Lauren Schenkman on July 13, 2010 6:02 PM | Investigations into the gulf oil disaster are multiplying. The National Academy of Engineering (NAE and industry engineers to take a technical look into the causes of the Deepwater Horizon rig explosion and oil

Southern California, University of

145

Relating Secondary Organic Aerosol Characteristics with Cloud Condensation Nuclei Activity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010 Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, Environmental Science &2010 Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, Environmental Science &2010 Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, Environmental Science &

Tang, Xiaochen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Microbial gene functions enriched in the Deepwater Horizon deep-sea oil plume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to 15 detected in the non-oil contaminated samples. The alkBappeared to be dominant in all oil plume samples (Fig. S2).signal intensities. All oil plume samples clustered together

Lu, Z.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

In response to the catastrophic oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, faculty and students at Duke University's Nicholas School of the Environment are applying their broad expertise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In response to the catastrophic oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, faculty and students at Duke Technology, has taken part in many research cruises, including areas of the Gulf of Mexico affected use sound to communicate, navigate and forage. "In the northern Gulf of Mexico, you cannot put

148

Microbial gene functions enriched in the Deepwater Horizon deep-sea oil plume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and given the large quantities of oil involved it may act asquantity of methane gas was released together with the oil (

Lu, Z.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Factors Limiting Biodegradation of the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill and Feasibility of the Bioremediation Techniques.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Civil Engineering The oil from the Exxon Valdez incident is still observed in different Prince William Sound beaches over two decades. The persisting oil is (more)

Sharifi, Youness

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

On the possible long-term fate of oil released in the deepwater horizon incident: estimated by ensembles of dye release simulations  

SciTech Connect

We have conducted an ensemble of 20 simulations using a high-resolution global ocean model in which dye was continuously injected at the site of the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig for two months. We then extended these simulations for another four months to track the dispersal of the dye in the model. We have also performed five simulations in which dye was continuously injected at the site of the spill for four months and then run out to one year from the initial spill date. The experiments can elucidate the time and space scales of dispersal of polluted waters and also give a quantitative estimate of dilution rate, ignoring any sink terms such as chemical or biological degradation.

Maltrud, Mathew E.; Peacock, Synte L.; Visbeck, Martin

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4850' - June 3 2010...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

--Solar --Wind --Geothermal --Bioenergy -Fossil --Oil --Natural Gas -Nuclear Energy Usage -Storage --Hydrogen & Fuel Cells -Transmission -Consumption -Smart Grid Science...

152

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Top Hat Procedure at 4850'...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

--Solar --Wind --Geothermal --Bioenergy -Fossil --Oil --Natural Gas -Nuclear Energy Usage -Storage --Hydrogen & Fuel Cells -Transmission -Consumption -Smart Grid Science...

153

ROOT CAUSE ANALYSIS REPORT OF PLUTONIUM SPILL ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... research reactor, supported the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in ... root cause analysis of a major oil pipeline rupture and spill in a ...

154

APPLIED PHYTO-REMEDIATION TECHNIQUES USING HALOPHYTES FOR OIL AND BRINE SPILL SCARS  

SciTech Connect

Produced salt water from historical oil and gas production was often managed with inadequate care and unfortunate consequences. In Kansas, the production practices in the 1930's and 1940's--before statewide anti-pollution laws--were such that fluids were often produced to surface impoundments where the oil would segregate from the salt water. The oil was pumped off the pits and the salt water was able to infiltrate into the subsurface soil zones and underlying bedrock. Over the years, oil producing practices were changed so that segregation of fluids was accomplished in steel tanks and salt water was isolated from the natural environment. But before that could happen, significant areas of the state were scarred by salt water. These areas are now in need of economical remediation. Remediation of salt scarred land can be facilitated with soil amendments, land management, and selection of appropriate salt tolerant plants. Current research on the salt scars around the old Leon Waterflood, in Butler County, Kansas show the relative efficiency of remediation options. Based upon these research findings, it is possible to recommend cost efficient remediation techniques for slight, medium, and heavy salt water damaged soil. Slight salt damage includes soils with Electrical Conductivity (EC) values of 4.0 mS/cm or less. Operators can treat these soils with sufficient amounts of gypsum, install irrigation systems, and till the soil. Appropriate plants can be introduced via transplants or seeded. Medium salt damage includes soils with EC values between 4.0 and 16 mS/cm. Operators will add amendments of gypsum, till the soil, and arrange for irrigation. Some particularly salt tolerant plants can be added but most planting ought to be reserved until the second season of remediation. Severe salt damage includes soil with EC values in excess of 16 mS/cm. Operators will add at least part of the gypsum required, till the soil, and arrange for irrigation. The following seasons more gypsum will be added and as the soil EC is reduced, plants can be introduced. If rapid remediation is required, a sufficient volume of topsoil, or sand, or manure can be added to dilute the local salinity, the bulk amendments tilled into the surface with added gypsum, and appropriate plants added. In this case, irrigation will be particularly important. The expense of the more rapid remediation will be much higher.

M.L. Korphage; Bruce G. Langhus; Scott Campbell

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Evaluation of Alternative Spill Containment Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides information on spill containment design practices and the capabilities of equipment, materials and/or structures to contain and prevent releases of mineral oil. The information will aid in the design and selection of cost-effective spill containment systems that adequately address the risks posed by oil spills at a particular substation. The report discusses methods other than conventional containment systems comprised of concrete basins or vaults and earthen berms that are ...

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

156

Bay of Campeche oil spill: obtaining jurisdiction over Petroleos Mexicanos under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A massive oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico during the summer of 1979 affords the opportunity to consider application of the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976 (FSIA) as a basis for US interests injured by transboundary pollution to obtain jurisdiction over a foreign stateowned polluter in this country's courts. The author first outlines the development of sovereign-immunity law in the United States prior to the enactment of the FSIA and describes the operation and effect of the 1976 legislation. He then considers the application of the FSIA to the facts of the suits filed against Pemex; he concludes that the plaintiffs should be able to obtain jurisdiction over Pemex in a US court. The availability of jurisdiction under the FSIA to injured parties in future transboundary pollution actions is in doubt, however, because of a reference in the legislative history of the FSIA to the District of Columbia's long-arm statute and the history of judicial caution in cases involving international disputes. Courts may interpret the reference to the District of Columbia statute to mean that a pollution injury alone will not be enough to warrant assumption of personal jurisdiction. Requiring the plaintiffs in the Pemex case and injured parties in future cases to demonstrate some additional contacts by a foreign defendant aside from the pollution injury itself would limit use of the FSIA as a basis for obtaining jurisdiction over the foreign polluter. Nevertheless, this Comment recommends that because of ambiguity in the portion of the legislative history that concerns the scope of personal jurisdiction under the FSIA and the considerable foreign policy implications of the exercise of extraterritorial jurisdiction, US courts should adopt this more-restrictive interpretation of the FSIA. 238 references.

Leventhal, F.D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

The Deepwater Horizon Disaster: What Happened and Why  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Deepwater Horizon disaster was the largest oil spill in US history, and the second largest spill in the world. 11 men lost their lives in the explosion and fire. Although the impacts of the spill were evident to large numbers of people, its causes were harder to see. This lecture will focus on the technical aspects of the events that led to the spill itself: what happened on the rig before, during and after the event, up to the time the rig sank. As with many engineering disasters, the accident was due to a sequence of failures, including both technical systems and procedural issues. Although the causes were complex and interacting, the lecture will focus on four main problems: (1) the failure of the cement and casing seal, (2) the failure to recognize and respond to hydrocarbon flow into the riser, (3) the ignition of hydrocarbons on the rig, and (4) the failure of the blow-out preventer (BOP) to seal the well. The lecture will conclude with some suggestions as to how events such as the Deepwater Horizon disaster can be avoided in the future. (Roland N. Horne is the Thomas Davies Barrow Professor of Earth Sciences at Stanford University, and was the Chairman of Petroleum Engineering from 1995 to 2006. He holds BE, PhD and DSc degrees from the University of Auckland, New Zealand, all in Engineering Science. Horne is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering and is also an Honorary Member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers.)

Horne, Roland N. (Stanford University)

2011-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

158

Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 398: Area 25 Spill Sites, Nevada Test Site, Nevada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Closure Report (CR) documents the activities performed to close Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 398: Area 25 Spill Sites, in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) of 1996, and the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP)-approved Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration (SA4FER) Plan for CAU 398: Area 25 Spill Sites, Nevada Test Site, Nevada (U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office [DOEN], 2001). CAU 398 consists of the following thirteen Corrective Action Sites (CASs) all located in Area 25 of the Nevada Test Site (NTS) (Figure 1): CAS 25-25-02, Oil Spills, CAS 25-25-03, Oil Spills, CAS 25-25-04, Oil Spills, CAS 25-25-05, Oil Spills, CAS 25-25-06, Oil Spills, CAS 25-25-07, Hydraulic Oil Spill(s), CAS 25-25-08, Hydraulic Oil Spill(s), CAS 25-25-16, Diesel Spill (from CAS 25-01-02), CAS 25-25-17, Subsurface Hydraulic Oil Spill, CAS 25-44-0 1, Fuel Spill, CAS 25-44-04, Acid Spill (from CAS 25-01-01), CAS 25-44-02, Spill, and CAS 25-44-03, Spill. Copies of the analytical results for the site verification samples are included in Appendix B. Copies of the CAU Use Restriction Information forms are included in Appendix C.

K. B. Campbell

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Assessment of synfuel spill cleanup options  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Existing petroleum-spill cleanup technologies are reviewed and their limitations, should they be used to mitigate the effects of synfuels spills, are discussed. The six subsections of this report address the following program goals: synfuels production estimates to the year 2000; possible sources of synfuel spills and volumes of spilled fuel to the year 2000; hazards of synfuels spills; assessment of existing spill cleanup technologies for oil spills; assessment of cleanup technologies for synfuel spills; and disposal of residue from synfuel spill cleanup operations. The first goal of the program was to obtain the most current estimates on synfuel production. These estimates were then used to determine the amount of synfuels and synfuel products likely to be spilled, by location and by method of transportation. A review of existing toxicological studies and existing spill mitigation technologies was then completed to determine the potential impacts of synthetic fuel spills on the environment. Data are presented in the four appendixes on the following subjects: synfuel production estimates; acute toxicity of synfuel; acute toxicity of alcohols.

Petty, S.E.; Wakamiya, W.; English, C.J.; Strand, J.A.; Mahlum, D.D.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Parens Patriae Litigation to Redress Societal Damages from the BP Oil Spill: The Latest Stage in the Evolution of Crimtorts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

prospect lease where the oil well blowout occurred. Moex'sthe cement in the BP PLC oil well. Halliburton allegedly hadit used in BP PLC's oil well. Courts will need to determine

Rustad, Michael L.; Koenig, Thomas H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

HORIZON SENSING  

SciTech Connect

Project Objectives are to demonstrate the feasibility of real-time stress measurement, bit loading, and horizon sensing on a longwall shearer, boring machine, continuous miner, and loading bucket.

Larry G. Stolarczyk, Sc.D.

2001-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

162

New Horizons for Hydrogen: Producing Hydrogen from Renewable Resources  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Recent events have reminded us of the critical need to transition from crude oil, coal, and natural gas toward sustainable and domestic sources of energy. One reason is we need to strengthen our economy. In 2008 we saw the price of oil reach a record $93 per barrel. With higher oil prices, growing demand for gasoline, and increasing oil imports, an average of $235 billion per year, has left the United States economy to pay for foreign oil since 2005, or $1.2 trillion between 2005 and 2009. From a consumer perspective, this trend is seen with an average gasoline price of $2.50 per gallon since 2005, compared to an average of $1.60 between 1990 and 2004 (after adjusting for inflation). In addition to economic impacts, continued reliance on fossil fuels increases greenhouse gas emissions that may cause climate change, health impacts from air pollution, and the risk of disasters such as the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Energy efficiency in the form of more efficient vehicles and buildings can help to reduce some of these impacts. However, over the long term we must shift from fossil resources to sustainable and renewable energy sources.

Not Available

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

HORIZON SENSING  

SciTech Connect

Real-time horizon sensing (HS) on continuous mining (CM) machines is becoming an industry tool. Installation and testing of production-grade HS systems has been ongoing this quarter at Oxbow Mining Company, Monterey Coal Company (EXXON), FMC Trona, Twentymile Coal Company (RAG America), and SASOL Coal. Detailed monitoring of system function, user experience, and mining benefits is ongoing. All horizon sensor components have finished MSHA (United States) and IEC (International) certification.

Larry G. Stolarczyk, Sc.D.

2002-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

164

ORISE: DeepwaterHorizon and Nuclear & Radiological Incidents  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wi l l i a m H a l e y Wi l l i a m H a l e y B r a d P o t t e r C o mm o n C h a l l e n g e s a n d S o l u t i o n s J u n e 2 0 1 1 D e e p w a t e r H o r i z o n a n dN u c l e a r & R a d i o l o g i c a l I n c i d e n t s The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill shares many of the same challenges associated with a radiological incident like the one considered in the Empire 09 1 exercise or even a much larger nuclear incident. By analyzing experiences during Deepwater Horizon, these challenges can be identified by the interagency in advance of a radiological or nuclear emergency and solutions made available. Establishing and staffing a UnifiEd Command strUCtUrE The demands of Deepwater Horizon challenged the traditional response construct envisioned by national planning systems.

165

Parens Patriae Litigation to Redress Societal Damages from the BP Oil Spill: The Latest Stage in the Evolution of Crimtorts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

based oil and gas exploration and production company withof America v. BP Exploration & Production Inc. , No. 2:10-leased to BP Exploration & Production, Inc. Triton Asset

Rustad, Michael L.; Koenig, Thomas H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

HORIZON SENSING  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the aid of a DOE grant (No. DE-FC26-01NT41050), Stolar Research Corporation (Stolar) developed the Horizon Sensor (HS) to distinguish between the different layers of a coal seam. Mounted on mining machine cutter drums, HS units can detect or sense the horizon between the coal seam and the roof and floor rock, providing the opportunity to accurately mine the section of the seam most desired. HS also enables accurate cutting of minimum height if that is the operator's objective. Often when cutting is done out-of-seam, the head-positioning function facilitates a fixed mining height to minimize dilution. With this technology, miners can still be at a remote location, yet cut only the clean coal, resulting in a much more efficient overall process. The objectives of this project were to demonstrate the feasibility of horizon sensing on mining machines and demonstrate that Horizon Sensing can allow coal to be cut cleaner and more efficiently. Stolar's primary goal was to develop the Horizon Sensor (HS) into an enabling technology for full or partial automation or ''agile mining''. This technical innovation (R&D 100 Award Winner) is quickly demonstrating improvements in productivity and miner safety at several prominent coal mines in the United States. In addition, the HS system can enable the cutting of cleaner coal. Stolar has driven the HS program on the philosophy that cutting cleaner coal means burning cleaner coal. The sensor, located inches from the cutting bits, is based upon the physics principles of a Resonant Microstrip Patch Antenna (RMPA). When it is in proximity of the rock-coal interface, the RMPA impedance varies depending on the thickness of uncut coal. The impedance is measured by the computer-controlled electronics and then sent by radio waves to the mining machine. The worker at the machine can read the data via a Graphical User Interface, displaying a color-coded image of the coal being cut, and direct the machine appropriately. The Horizon Sensor program began development in 1998 and experienced three major design phases. The final version, termed HS-3, was commissioned in 2000 with the assistance of the DOE-Mining Industry of the Future program, commercialized in 2002, and has been used 14 times in 12 different mines within the United States. The Horizon Sensor has applications in both underground and surface mining operations. This technology is primarily used in the coal industry, but is also used to mine trona and potash. All horizon sensor components have Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) (United States) and IEC (International) certification. Horizon Sensing saves energy by maximizing cutting efficiency, cutting only desired material. This desired material is cleaner fuel, therefore reducing pollutants to the atmosphere when burned and burning more efficiently. Extracting only desired material increases productivity by reducing or eliminating the cleaning step after extraction. Additionally, this technology allows for deeper mining, resulting in more material gained from one location. The remote sensing tool allows workers to operate the machinery away from the hazards of cutting coal, including noise, breathing dust and gases, and coal and rock splintering and outbursts. The HS program has primarily revolved around the development of the technology. However, the end goal of the program has always been the commercialization of the technology and only within the last 2 years of the program has this goal been realized. Real-time horizon sensing on mining machines is becoming an industry tool. Detailed monitoring of system function, user experience, and mining benefits is ongoing.

Larry G. Stolarczyk

2003-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

167

Committee on the Effects of the Deepwater Horizon Mississippi Canyon-252 Oil Spill on Ecosystem Services in the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Services in the Gulf of Mexico COMMITTEE MEETING 5 NOAA Disaster Response Center April 25, 2012 7344 Zeigler Boulevard Mobile, AL 36608 WEDNESDAY, APRIL 25, 2012 NOAA GULF OF MEXICO DISASTER RESPONSE CENTER Mayer, Chair, NRC Committee 9:30 AM Welcome & Overview of DRC Charlie Henry, NOAA Gulf of Mexico

New Hampshire, University of

168

CYTOCHROME P4501A BIOMARKER INDICATION OF OIL EXPOSURE IN HARLEQUIN DUCKS UP TO 20 YEARS AFTER THE EXXON VALDEZ OIL SPILL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lingering oil has remained [15]. In addition to a higher likelihood of exposure, a number of natural history Valdez oil. However, the spatial correspondence between elevated CYP1A induction and history of contaminaCYTOCHROME P4501A BIOMARKER INDICATION OF OIL EXPOSURE IN HARLEQUIN DUCKS UP TO 20 YEARS AFTER

169

Assessment of synfuel spill cleanup options  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents a preliminary assessment of the projected magnitude and impact of liquid synfuel spillage over the next 20 years and the effectiveness of conventional mitigation measures. Production levels were projected through the year 2000. By applying crude oil spill histories to these projections, estimates can be prepared for the quantities of synfuel products most likely to be spilled. The toxicity of the synfuels will depend on its density, composition, and physical properties and the environment in which it is spilled. Toxicological impacts of synfuel spills to the environment can be classified into 2 classes - acute and chronic and will be most severe in proximity to the spill site. Possible impacts to human populations are also discussed. (DMC)

Mercer, B.W.; Wakamiya, W.; Petty, S.E.; Strand, J.A.; Mahlum, D.D.

1981-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

170

Paul E. Hargraves: Spill, Baby, Spill: poison on the Paul E. Hargraves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that the spewing of crude oil into the Gulf of Mexico may be over 800,000 gallons per day, and the total oil now attempts to restore damaged economic and environmental disasters caused by oil spills have, at best, been. It's a human failure affecting all of us. The other players in this tragedy are Transocean LTD

Belogay, Eugene A.

171

Just oil? The distribution of environmental and social impacts of oil production and consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fact, emissions of TABLE 6 Sources of oil spills from marineoil spills are a major source of oil emissions and thaternments. Taxes from oil are a major source of income for

O'Rourke, D; Connolly, S

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Crude Existence: The Politics of Oil in Northern Angola  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Myth: The Legacy of the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill. Cordova,OpenDocument. Reuters. 2003. Exxon Mobil $3 Billion Angolathe environment. After the Exxon Valdez tanker spilled over

Reed, Kristin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Expanding Professional Horizons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

* * Expanding Professional Horizons 2 SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORIES 3 LDRD * Expanding Professional Horizons 3 LDRD * Expanding Professional Horizons 4 SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORIES 5 LDRD * Expanding Professional Horizons Contents Overview 6 Early-Career 8 Mid-Career 22 Late-Career 36 Expanding Professional Horizons For further information, contact: Henry R. Westrich LDRD Program Manager hrwestr@sandia.gov 505-844-9092 4 5 LDRD * Expanding Professional Horizons SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORIES 6 SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORIES 7 LDRD * Expanding Professional Horizons exemplars pointing the way to successful research endeavors under the LDRD rubric. Perhaps most importantly, LDRD is a mechanism that has created a vast number of cross-cultural partnerships across the

174

The Legacy of Oil Spills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spew forth into the Gulf of Mexico, with BP telling us thatUSA. The current Gulf of Mexico disaster is now estimated toone quarter of the Gulf of Mexico fisheries had been closed.

Trevors, J. T.; Saier, M. H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Expanding Professional Horizons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Horizons collaboration put him in contact with an environmental study - using atomic force microscopy - examining limestone (calcium carbonate) dissolution and its...

176

Microscopic Properties of Horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We suggest that all horizons of spacetime, no matter whether they are black hole, Rindler or de Sitter horizons, have certain microscopic properties in common. We propose that these propertues may be used as the starting points, or postulates, of a microscopic theory of gravity.

Jarmo Makela

2001-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

177

Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 540: Spill Sites, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Rev. No.: 0  

SciTech Connect

This Closure Report (CR) presents information supporting the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 540: Spill Sites, Nevada Test Site, Nevada. This CR complies with the requirements of the 'Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order' (1996) that was agreed to by the State of Nevada, the U.S. Department of Energy, and the U.S. Department of Defense. Corrective Action Unit 540 is located within Areas 12 and 19 of the Nevada Test Site and is comprised of the following Corrective Action Sites (CASs): CAS 12-44-01, ER 12-1 Well Site Release; CAS 12-99-01, Oil Stained Dirt; CAS 19-25-02, Oil Spill; CAS 19-25-04, Oil Spill; CAS 19-25-05, Oil Spill; CAS 19-25-06, Oil Spill; CAS 19-25-07, Oil Spill; CAS 19-25-08, Oil Spills (3); and CAS 19-44-03, U-19bf Drill Site Release. The purpose of this CR is to provide documentation supporting recommendations of no further action for the CASs within CAU 540. To achieve this, the following actions were performed: (1) Reviewed the current site conditions, including the concentration and extent of contamination; (2) Performed closure activities to address the presence of substances regulated by 'Nevada Administrative Code' 445A.2272 (NAC, 2002); and (3) Documented Notice of Completion and closure of CAU 540 issued by the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection.

McClure, Lloyd

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Secretary Chu Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil Spill Response Efforts Secretary Chu Postpones China Trip to Continue Work on BP Oil Spill Response Efforts May 21, 2010 - 12:00am...

179

Thermodynamical Properties of Horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show, by using Regge calculus, that the entropy of any finite part of a Rindler horizon is, in the semi-classical limit, one quarter of the area of that part. We argue that this result implies that the entropy associated with any horizon of spacetime is, in semi-classical limit, one quarter of its area. As an example, we derive the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy law for the Schwarzschild black hole.

J. Makela; A. Peltola

2002-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

180

Survey to assess Persian Gulf spill effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports that an international group is poised for an extensive survey of the Persian Gulf, including an assessment of the long term effects of last year's oil spill, a legacy of the Persian Gulf war. Saudi Arabia plans a $450 million cleanup program on beaches fouled by the massive spill. Plans for the survey were disclosed by the United National Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco). It is to be carried out under the auspices of the Regional Organization for the Protection of the Marine Environment (Ropme), Unesco's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, and the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Ropme member countries are Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.

Not Available

1992-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Vapor spill monitoring method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method for continuous sampling of liquified natural gas effluent from a spill pipe, vaporizing the cold liquified natural gas, and feeding the vaporized gas into an infrared detector to measure the gas composition. The apparatus utilizes a probe having an inner channel for receiving samples of liquified natural gas and a surrounding water jacket through which warm water is flowed to flash vaporize the liquified natural gas.

Bianchini, Gregory M. (Livermore, CA); McRae, Thomas G. (Livermore, CA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Vapor spill pipe monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a method and apparatus for continually monitoring the composition of liquefied natural gas flowing from a spill pipe during a spill test by continually removing a sample of the LNG by means of a probe, gasifying the LNG in the probe, and sending the vaporized LNG to a remote ir gas detector for analysis. The probe comprises three spaced concentric tubes surrounded by a water jacket which communicates with a flow channel defined between the inner and middle, and middle and outer tubes. The inner tube is connected to a pump for providing suction, and the probe is positioned in the LNG flow below the spill pipe with the tip oriented partly downward so that LNG is continuously drawn into the inner tube through a small orifice. The probe is made of a high thermal conductivity metal. Hot water is flowed through the water jacket and through the flow channel between the three tubes to provide the necessary heat transfer to flash vaporize the LNG passing through the inner channel of the probe. The gasified LNG is transported through a connected hose or tubing extending from the probe to a remote ir sensor which measures the gas composition.

Bianchini, G.M.; McRae, T.G.

1983-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

183

Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration Plan for Corrective Action Unit 398: Area 25 Spill Sites, Nevada Test Site, Nevada  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration (SAFER) plan addresses the activities necessary to close Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 398: Area 25 Spill Sites. CAU 398, located in Area 25 of the Nevada Test Site, is currently listed in Appendix III of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) (FFACO, 1996), and consists of the following 13 Corrective Action Sites (CASs) (Figure 1): (1) CAS 25-44-01 , a fuel spill on soil that covers a concrete pad. The origins and use of the spill material are unknown, but the spill is suspected to be railroad bedding material. (2) CAS 25-44-02, a spill of liquid to the soil from leaking drums. (3) CAS 25-44-03, a spill of oil from two leaking drums onto a concrete pad and surrounding soil. (4) CAS 25-44-04, a spill from two tanks containing sulfuric acid and sodium hydroxide used for a water demineralization process. (5) CAS 25-25-02, a fuel or oil spill from leaking drums that were removed in 1992. (6) CAS 25-25-03, an oil spill adjacent to a tipped-over drum. The source of the drum is not listed, although it is noted that the drum was removed in 1991. (7) CAS 25-25-04, an area on the north side of the Engine-Maintenance, Assembly, and Disassembly (E-MAD) facility, where oils and cooling fluids from metal machining operations were poured directly onto the ground. (8) CAS 25-25-05, an area of oil and/or hydraulic fluid spills beneath the heavy equipment once stored there. (9) CAS 25-25-06, an area of diesel fuel staining beneath two generators that have since been removed. (10) CAS 25-25-07, an area of hydraulic oil spills associated with a tunnel-boring machine abandoned inside X-Tunnel. (11) CAS 25-25-08, an area of hydraulic fluid spills associated with a tunnel-boring machine abandoned inside Y-Tunnel. (12) CAS 25-25-16, a diesel fuel spill from an above-ground storage tank located near Building 3320 at Engine Test Stand-1 (ETS-1) that was removed in 1998. (13) CAS 25-25-17, a hydraulic oil spill associated with the historical operations of a vacuum pump oil recovery system at the E-MAD facility.

K. B. Campbell

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

The extent of chronic marine oil pollution in southeastern Newfoundland waters assessed through beached  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

history of oil spills. In: Proceedings from the Oil Symposium on The Effects of Oil on Wildlife, Herndon female Harlequin Ducks in relation to history of contamination by the Exxon Valdez oil spill. JournalThe extent of chronic marine oil pollution in southeastern Newfoundland waters assessed through

Jones, Ian L.

185

Chemical Spill Response Procedure Initial Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemical Spill Response Procedure Initial Response 1. Advise lab occupants of the spill such as quantity spilled and chemical name. Risk Assessment 3. Conduct an initial risk assessment to determine if to the chemical spill. This link can be found at the bottom of the Campus Security homepage, http

186

Crude Existence: The Politics of Oil in Northern Angola  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hot sun. Oil spills undermine the quantity and quality ofPSA discovers oil in commercial quantities, the consortiumquantities has as much to do with the amount of oil in the

Reed, Kristin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

All NIST Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The Election Assistance Commission (EAC), Federal Voting Assistance Program (FVAP ... The Deepwater Horizon oil spill has been called the largest ...

2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

188

The New Horizons Spacecraft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Horizons spacecraft was launched on 19 January 2006. The spacecraft was designed to provide a platform for seven instruments that will collect and return data from Pluto in 2015. The design drew on heritage from previous missions developed at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) and other missions such as Ulysses. The trajectory design imposed constraints on mass and structural strength to meet the high launch acceleration needed to reach the Pluto system prior to the year 2020. The spacecraft subsystems were designed to meet tight mass and power allocations, yet provide the necessary control and data handling finesse to support data collection and return when the one-way light time during the Pluto flyby is 4.5 hours. Missions to the outer solar system require a radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) to supply electrical power, and a single RTG is used by New Horizons. To accommodate this constraint, the spacecraft electronics were designed to operate on less than 200 W....

Fountain, Glen H; Hersman, Christopher B; Herder, Timothy S; Coughlin, Thomas B; Gibson, William C; Clancy, Deborah A; DeBoy, Christopher C; Hill, T Adrian; Kinnison, James D; Mehoke, Douglas S; Ottman, Geffrey K; Rogers, Gabe D; Stern, S Alan; Stratton, James M; Vernon, Steven R; Williams, Stephen P

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

The New Horizons Spacecraft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Horizons spacecraft was launched on 19 January 2006. The spacecraft was designed to provide a platform for seven instruments that will collect and return data from Pluto in 2015. The design drew on heritage from previous missions developed at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) and other missions such as Ulysses. The trajectory design imposed constraints on mass and structural strength to meet the high launch acceleration needed to reach the Pluto system prior to the year 2020. The spacecraft subsystems were designed to meet tight mass and power allocations, yet provide the necessary control and data handling finesse to support data collection and return when the one-way light time during the Pluto flyby is 4.5 hours. Missions to the outer solar system require a radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) to supply electrical power, and a single RTG is used by New Horizons. To accommodate this constraint, the spacecraft electronics were designed to operate on less than 200 W. The spacecraft system architecture provides sufficient redundancy to provide a probability of mission success of greater than 0.85, even with a mission duration of over 10 years. The spacecraft is now on its way to Pluto, with an arrival date of 14 July 2015. Initial inflight tests have verified that the spacecraft will meet the design requirements.

Glen H. Fountain; David Y. Kusnierkiewicz; Christopher B. Hersman; Timothy S. Herder; Thomas B. Coughlin; William C. Gibson; Deborah A. Clancy; Christopher C. DeBoy; T. Adrian Hill; James D. Kinnison; Douglas S. Mehoke; Geffrey K. Ottman; Gabe D. Rogers; S. Alan Stern; James M. Stratton; Steven R. Vernon; Stephen P. Williams

2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

190

HORIZON SENSING (PROPOSAL NO.51)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-time horizon sensing on continuous mining machines is becoming an industry tool. Installation and testing of production-grade Horizon Sensor (HS) systems continued this quarter at Monterey Coal Company (ExxonMobil), Mountain Coal Company West Elk Mine (Arch), and Ohio Valley Coal Company (OVC). Monitoring of system function, user experience, and mining benefits is ongoing. All horizon sensor components have finished MSHA (U.S.) and IEC (International) certification.

Larry G. Stolarczyk

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

HORIZON SENSING (PROPOSAL NO.51)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-time horizon sensing on continuous mining (CM) machines is becoming an industry tool. Installation and testing of production-grade Horizon Sensor (HS) systems has been ongoing this quarter at Monterey Coal Company (ExxonMobil), Mountain Coal Company West Elk Mine (Arch), Deserado Mining Company (Blue Mountain Energy), and The Ohio Valley Coal Company (TOVCC). Monitoring of system function, user experience, and mining benefits is ongoing. All horizon sensor components have finished MSHA (U.S.) and IEC (International) certification.

Larry G. Stolarczyk

2003-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

192

In Situ Burning of Oil Spills  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... integration over particle di- ameter gives unity. Vl(Di ) = DiY(Di )D DiY(Di )D . In Fig. 19 the volume distribution is plotted ...

2002-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

193

In Situ Burning of Oil Spills  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... burns, the Teflon filters were weighed and sealed in Petri dishes, while the ... terrain, solar heating and surface friction creates a tur- bulent wind field ...

2001-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

194

Black Hole Horizons and Black Hole Thermodynamics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work investigates how black holes can be described in terms of different definitions of horizons. Global definitions in terms of event horizons and Killing (more)

Nielsen, Alex

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Oil-Fired Boilers and Furnaces | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oil-Fired Boilers and Furnaces Oil-Fired Boilers and Furnaces Oil-Fired Boilers and Furnaces May 16, 2013 - 3:15pm Addthis Diagram of an oil boiler. New tanks are generally double-wall or have a spill container built underneath to reduce the chances of an oil spill. Typically, the tank drip pan shown here is required only for single-wall tanks and would extend the full width of the tank. | Photo courtesy State of Massachusetts. Diagram of an oil boiler. New tanks are generally double-wall or have a spill container built underneath to reduce the chances of an oil spill. Typically, the tank drip pan shown here is required only for single-wall tanks and would extend the full width of the tank. | Photo courtesy State of Massachusetts. What does this mean for me? If you have an oil furnace or boiler, you can now burn oil blended

196

Oil-Fired Boilers and Furnaces | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oil-Fired Boilers and Furnaces Oil-Fired Boilers and Furnaces Oil-Fired Boilers and Furnaces May 16, 2013 - 3:15pm Addthis Diagram of an oil boiler. New tanks are generally double-wall or have a spill container built underneath to reduce the chances of an oil spill. Typically, the tank drip pan shown here is required only for single-wall tanks and would extend the full width of the tank. | Photo courtesy State of Massachusetts. Diagram of an oil boiler. New tanks are generally double-wall or have a spill container built underneath to reduce the chances of an oil spill. Typically, the tank drip pan shown here is required only for single-wall tanks and would extend the full width of the tank. | Photo courtesy State of Massachusetts. What does this mean for me? If you have an oil furnace or boiler, you can now burn oil blended

197

Acoustic horizons in nuclear fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a hydrodynamic description of the spherically symmetric outward flow of nuclear matter, accommodating dispersion in it as a very weak effect. About the resulting stationary conditions in the flow, we apply an Eulerian scheme to derive a fully nonlinear equation of a time-dependent radial perturbation. In its linearized limit, with no dispersion, this equation implies the static acoustic horizon of an analogue gravity model. We, however, show that time-dependent nonlinear effects destabilize the static horizon. We also model the perturbation as a high-frequency travelling wave, and perform a {\\it WKB} analysis, in which the effect of weak dispersion is studied iteratively. We show that even arbitrarily small values of dispersion make the horizon fully opaque to any acoustic disturbance propagating against the bulk flow, with the amplitude and the energy flux of the radial perturbation undergoing a discontinuity at the horizon, and decaying exponentially just outside it.

Niladri Sarkar; Abhik Basu; Jayanta K. Bhattacharjee; Arnab K. Ray

2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

198

HORIZON SENSING (PROPOSAL No.51)  

SciTech Connect

Project objectives are to demonstrate the feasibility of real-time stress measurement, bit loading, and horizon sensing on a longwall shearer, boring machine, continuous miner, and loading bucket.

Larry G. Stolarczyk, Sc.D.

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

HORIZON SENSING (PROPOSAL No.51)  

SciTech Connect

Real-time horizon sensing on continuous mining machines is becoming an industry tool. Installation and testing of production-grade HS systems has been ongoing this quarter at Monterey Coal Company (EXXON), FMC Trona, Twentymile Coal Company (RAG America), and SASOL Coal. Detailed monitoring of system function, user experience, and mining benefits is ongoing. All horizon sensor components have finished MSHA (U.S.) and IEC (International) certification.

Larry G. Stolarczyk, Sc.D.

2002-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

200

Six Lessons Learned in Applying Science in Coastal Ecosystem Restoration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D.C. : National Academy Press. Oil Spill Commission. 2011.Deep water: the Gulf oil disaster and the future of offshoreon the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling.

Boesch, Donald F.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Attitudes toward offshore oil development: A summary of current evidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oil tankers such as the Exxon Valdez and the Braer. Part ofin response to the Exxon Valdez spill, for example, the UStwice as much oil as the Exxon Valdez, in the waters of the

Gramling, R; Freudenburg, Wm R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Oil Pollution Act | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pollution Act Pollution Act Jump to: navigation, search Statute Name Oil Pollution Act Year 1990 Url OPA.jpg Description The Oil Pollution Act (OPA) of 1990 streamlined and strengthened EPA's ability to prevent and respond to catastrophic oil spills. References OPA[1] Federal Oil and Gas[2] The Oil Pollution Act (OPA) of 1990 streamlined and strengthened EPA's ability to prevent and respond to catastrophic oil spills. A trust fund financed by a tax on oil is available to clean up spills when the responsible party is incapable or unwilling to do so. The OPA requires oil storage facilities and vessels to submit to the federal government response plans detailing how they will respond to large discharges. EPA has published regulations for aboveground storage facilities; the Coast Guard

203

Molecular Measurements of the Deep-Sea Oil Plume in the Gulf of Mexico  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular Measurements of the Deep-Sea Oil Plume in the Gulf of Mexico Print Molecular Measurements of the Deep-Sea Oil Plume in the Gulf of Mexico Print Microbial Mitigation The Deepwater Horizon blowout in the Gulf of Mexico on April 20, 2010, resulted in the largest oil spill in the history of the United States. The biological effects and expected fate of the oil are unknown, partly due to the extreme depth and magnitude of this event and partly due to the primary initial mitigation strategy that injected unprecedented quantities of oil dispersant directly at the wellhead (1544 m below the sea surface). Indigenous deep-sea microorganisms that degrade oil could represent a significant natural attenuation mechanism; but this would depend on how native microorganisms respond to an increased concentration of hydrocarbons and/or dispersant at such extreme depths and temperatures (~4°C). A collaboration led by Berkeley Lab researchers here reports that the dispersed hydrocarbon plume stimulated the growth of a type of bacteria that thrives in cold temperatures and at great depths. Infrared spectroscopy at the ALS, with the ability to study microbial processes at the molecular level, provided key pieces of the puzzle.

204

Molecular Measurements of the Deep-Sea Oil Plume in the Gulf of Mexico  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular Measurements of the Deep-Sea Oil Plume in the Gulf of Mexico Print Molecular Measurements of the Deep-Sea Oil Plume in the Gulf of Mexico Print Microbial Mitigation The Deepwater Horizon blowout in the Gulf of Mexico on April 20, 2010, resulted in the largest oil spill in the history of the United States. The biological effects and expected fate of the oil are unknown, partly due to the extreme depth and magnitude of this event and partly due to the primary initial mitigation strategy that injected unprecedented quantities of oil dispersant directly at the wellhead (1544 m below the sea surface). Indigenous deep-sea microorganisms that degrade oil could represent a significant natural attenuation mechanism; but this would depend on how native microorganisms respond to an increased concentration of hydrocarbons and/or dispersant at such extreme depths and temperatures (~4°C). A collaboration led by Berkeley Lab researchers here reports that the dispersed hydrocarbon plume stimulated the growth of a type of bacteria that thrives in cold temperatures and at great depths. Infrared spectroscopy at the ALS, with the ability to study microbial processes at the molecular level, provided key pieces of the puzzle.

205

Molecular Measurements of the Deep-Sea Oil Plume in the Gulf of Mexico  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular Measurements of the Deep-Sea Oil Plume in the Gulf of Mexico Print Molecular Measurements of the Deep-Sea Oil Plume in the Gulf of Mexico Print Microbial Mitigation The Deepwater Horizon blowout in the Gulf of Mexico on April 20, 2010, resulted in the largest oil spill in the history of the United States. The biological effects and expected fate of the oil are unknown, partly due to the extreme depth and magnitude of this event and partly due to the primary initial mitigation strategy that injected unprecedented quantities of oil dispersant directly at the wellhead (1544 m below the sea surface). Indigenous deep-sea microorganisms that degrade oil could represent a significant natural attenuation mechanism; but this would depend on how native microorganisms respond to an increased concentration of hydrocarbons and/or dispersant at such extreme depths and temperatures (~4°C). A collaboration led by Berkeley Lab researchers here reports that the dispersed hydrocarbon plume stimulated the growth of a type of bacteria that thrives in cold temperatures and at great depths. Infrared spectroscopy at the ALS, with the ability to study microbial processes at the molecular level, provided key pieces of the puzzle.

206

Molecular Measurements of the Deep-Sea Oil Plume in the Gulf of Mexico  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular Measurements of the Molecular Measurements of the Deep-Sea Oil Plume in the Gulf of Mexico Molecular Measurements of the Deep-Sea Oil Plume in the Gulf of Mexico Print Wednesday, 24 November 2010 00:00 Microbial Mitigation The Deepwater Horizon blowout in the Gulf of Mexico on April 20, 2010, resulted in the largest oil spill in the history of the United States. The biological effects and expected fate of the oil are unknown, partly due to the extreme depth and magnitude of this event and partly due to the primary initial mitigation strategy that injected unprecedented quantities of oil dispersant directly at the wellhead (1544 m below the sea surface). Indigenous deep-sea microorganisms that degrade oil could represent a significant natural attenuation mechanism; but this would depend on how native microorganisms respond to an increased concentration of hydrocarbons and/or dispersant at such extreme depths and temperatures (~4°C). A collaboration led by Berkeley Lab researchers here reports that the dispersed hydrocarbon plume stimulated the growth of a type of bacteria that thrives in cold temperatures and at great depths. Infrared spectroscopy at the ALS, with the ability to study microbial processes at the molecular level, provided key pieces of the puzzle.

207

Molecular Measurements of the Deep-Sea Oil Plume in the Gulf of Mexico  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular Measurements of the Deep-Sea Oil Plume in the Gulf of Mexico Print Molecular Measurements of the Deep-Sea Oil Plume in the Gulf of Mexico Print Microbial Mitigation The Deepwater Horizon blowout in the Gulf of Mexico on April 20, 2010, resulted in the largest oil spill in the history of the United States. The biological effects and expected fate of the oil are unknown, partly due to the extreme depth and magnitude of this event and partly due to the primary initial mitigation strategy that injected unprecedented quantities of oil dispersant directly at the wellhead (1544 m below the sea surface). Indigenous deep-sea microorganisms that degrade oil could represent a significant natural attenuation mechanism; but this would depend on how native microorganisms respond to an increased concentration of hydrocarbons and/or dispersant at such extreme depths and temperatures (~4°C). A collaboration led by Berkeley Lab researchers here reports that the dispersed hydrocarbon plume stimulated the growth of a type of bacteria that thrives in cold temperatures and at great depths. Infrared spectroscopy at the ALS, with the ability to study microbial processes at the molecular level, provided key pieces of the puzzle.

208

Molecular Measurements of the Deep-Sea Oil Plume in the Gulf of Mexico  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular Measurements of the Deep-Sea Oil Plume in the Gulf of Mexico Print Molecular Measurements of the Deep-Sea Oil Plume in the Gulf of Mexico Print Microbial Mitigation The Deepwater Horizon blowout in the Gulf of Mexico on April 20, 2010, resulted in the largest oil spill in the history of the United States. The biological effects and expected fate of the oil are unknown, partly due to the extreme depth and magnitude of this event and partly due to the primary initial mitigation strategy that injected unprecedented quantities of oil dispersant directly at the wellhead (1544 m below the sea surface). Indigenous deep-sea microorganisms that degrade oil could represent a significant natural attenuation mechanism; but this would depend on how native microorganisms respond to an increased concentration of hydrocarbons and/or dispersant at such extreme depths and temperatures (~4°C). A collaboration led by Berkeley Lab researchers here reports that the dispersed hydrocarbon plume stimulated the growth of a type of bacteria that thrives in cold temperatures and at great depths. Infrared spectroscopy at the ALS, with the ability to study microbial processes at the molecular level, provided key pieces of the puzzle.

209

Effects of crude oil contamination on the reproduction of freshwater turtles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A large crude oil spill in the John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge impacted the reproduction of resident turtle populations. The goal of this group of (more)

Bell, Barbara Allen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Support for Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling among the California Public  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

no doubt the result of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaskavarious legal actions against Exxon. Consequently, the leveldisaster. By 1990, the Exxon Valdez presumably no longer

Smith, Eric R.A.N.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Arctic oil and natural gas resources - Today in Energy - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wind Geothermal ... seals, whales, and other sea life. The adequacy of existing technology to manage offshore oil spills in an arctic environment is another ...

212

WRITTEN STATEMENT OF DOUGLAS HELTON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AND TECHNOLOGY NEEDS FOR OIL SPILL RECOVERY BEFORE THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE Administration's (NOAA's) role in the response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill and NOAA's role in oil spill the opportunity to discuss the critical roles NOAA serves during oil spills and the importance of our

213

Chemical Spills In the event of a spill involving hazardous chemicals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemical Spills In the event of a spill involving hazardous chemicals: 1. Keep a safe distance from. From a safe distance, try to gather as much information on the spilled chemical as possible. If the chemical name can be found, look up its MSDS and determine the PPE required. If the chemical is very

de Lijser, Peter

214

Microsoft Word - Horizon Wind Energy Comments.docx | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Horizon Wind Energy Comments.docx Microsoft Word - Horizon Wind Energy Comments.docx Microsoft Word - Horizon Wind Energy Comments.docx More Documents & Publications Before the...

215

Microsoft Word - Horizon Wind Energy Comments.docx | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Word - Horizon Wind Energy Comments.docx Microsoft Word - Horizon Wind Energy Comments.docx Microsoft Word - Horizon Wind Energy Comments.docx More Documents & Publications Before...

216

Cytochrome P4501A biomarker indication of the timeline of chronic exposure of Barrow's goldeneyes to residual Exxon Valdez oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and their associated variation were graph- ically contrasted across years and oiling history status. For each year, we ducks in relation to history of contamination by the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Journal of Wildlife in relation to history of contamination by the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Marine Pollution Bulletin 60, 861

217

Spacetime Foam Model of the Schwarzschild Horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a spacetime foam model of the Schwarzschild horizon, where the horizon consists of Planck size black holes. According to our model the entropy of the Schwarzschild black hole is proportional to the area of its event horizon. It is possible to express geometrical arguments to the effect that the constant of proportionality is, in natural units, equal to one quarter.

Mkel, J M; Makela, Jarmo; Peltola, Ari

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Spacetime Foam Model of the Schwarzschild Horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a spacetime foam model of the Schwarzschild horizon, where the horizon consists of Planck size black holes. According to our model the entropy of the Schwarzschild black hole is proportional to the area of its event horizon. It is possible to express geometrical arguments to the effect that the constant of proportionality is, in natural units, equal to one quarter.

Jarmo Makela; Ari Peltola

2003-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

219

A Systems Approach to Managing Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

led to the spilling of 11 million gallons of crude oil into the Prince William Sound (PWS), Alaska. Af of 1990 (US Fed- eral Law, 1990). Regionally, the state of Alaskas oil pollution prevention and responseA Systems Approach to Managing Oil Transportation Risk in Prince William Sound Jason R. W. Merrick

van Dorp, Johan René

220

Horizons cannot save the Landscape  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solutions with anti-D3 branes in a Klebanov-Strassler geometry with positive charge dissolved in fluxes have a certain singularity corresponding to a diverging energy density of the RR and NS-NS three-form fluxes. There are many hopes and arguments for and against this singularity, and we attempt to settle the issue by examining whether this singularity can be cloaked by a regular event horizon. This is equivalent to the existence of asymptotically Klebanov-Tseytlin or Klebanov-Strassler black holes whose charge measured at the horizon has the opposite sign to the asymptotic charge. We find that no such KT solution exists. Furthermore, for a large class of KS black holes we considered, the charge at the horizon must also have the same sign as the asymptotic charge, and is completely determined by the temperature, the number of fractional branes and the gaugino masses of the dual gauge theory. Our result suggests that antibrane singularities in backgrounds with charge in the fluxes are unphysical, which in turn raises the question as to whether antibranes can be used to uplift AdS vacua to deSitter ones. Our results also point out to a possible instability mechanism for the antibranes.

Iosif Bena; Alex Buchel; Oscar J. C. Dias

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Holography at an Extremal De Sitter Horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rotating maximal black holes in four-dimensional de Sitter space, for which the outer event horizon coincides with the cosmological horizon, have an infinite near-horizon region described by the rotating Nariai metric. We show that the asymptotic symmetry group at the spacelike future boundary of the near-horizon region contains a Virasoro algebra with a real, positive central charge. This is evidence that quantum gravity in a rotating Nariai background is dual to a two-dimensional Euclidean conformal field theory. These results are related to the Kerr/CFT correspondence for extremal black holes, but have two key differences: one of the black hole event horizons has been traded for the cosmological horizon, and the near-horizon geometry is a fiber over dS_2 rather than AdS_2.

Dionysios Anninos; Thomas Hartman

2009-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

222

Holography at an Extremal De Sitter Horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rotating maximal black holes in four-dimensional de Sitter space, for which the outer event horizon coincides with the cosmological horizon, have an infinite near-horizon region described by the rotating Nariai metric. We show that the asymptotic symmetry group at the spacelike future boundary of the near-horizon region contains a Virasoro algebra with a real, positive central charge. This is evidence that quantum gravity in a rotating Nariai background is dual to a two-dimensional Euclidean conformal field theory. These results are related to the Kerr/CFT correspondence for extremal black holes, but have two key differences: one of the black hole event horizons has been traded for the cosmological horizon, and the near-horizon geometry is a fiber over dS_2 rather than AdS_2.

Anninos, Dionysios

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration (SAFER) Plan for Corrective Action Unit 540: Spill Sites Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Rev. No.: 0, with Errata  

SciTech Connect

This Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration (SAFER) Plan addresses closure for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 540, Spill Sites, identified in the ''Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order''. Corrective Action Unit 540 consists of the nine following Corrective Action Sites (CASs) located in Areas 12 and 19 of the Nevada Test Site: (1) 12-44-01, ER 12-1, Well Site Release; (2) 12-99-01, Oil Stained Dirt; (3) 19-25-02, Oil Spill; (4) 19-25-04, Oil Spill; (5) 19-25-05, Oil Spill; (6) 19-25-06, Oil Spill; (7) 19-25-07, Oil Spill; (8) 19-25-08, Oil Spills (3); and (9) 19-44-03, U-19bf Drill Site Release. This plan provides the methodology for field activities needed to gather the necessary information for closing each CAS. There is sufficient information and process knowledge from historical documentation and investigations of similar sites regarding the expected nature and extent of potential contaminants to recommend closure of CAU 540 using the SAFER process. The data quality objective process developed for this CAU identified the following expected closure options: (1) investigation and confirmation that no contamination exists above the final action levels (FALs), leading to a no further action declaration; (2) characterization of the nature and extent of contamination, leading to closure in place with use restrictions; or (3) clean closure by remediation and verification. The expected closure options were selected based on available information including contaminants of potential concern (COPC), future land use, and assumed risks. A decision flow process was developed to define an approach necessary to achieve closure. There are two decisions that need to be resolved for closure. Decision I is to conduct an investigation to determine whether COPCs are present in concentrations exceeding the FALs. If COPCs are found to be present above FALs, excavation of the contaminated material will occur with the collection of confirmation samples to ensure removal of contaminants below FALs.

Pastor, Laura

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Enhanced Black Hole Horizon Fluctuations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the possible role of quantum horizon fluctuations on black hole radiance, especially whether they can invalidate Hawking's analysis based upon transplanckian modes. We are particularly concerned with ``enhanced'' fluctuations produced by gravitons or matter fields in squeezed vacuum states sent into the black hole after the collapse process. This allows for the possibility of increasing the fluctuations well above the vacuum level. We find that these enhanced fluctuations could significantly alter stimulated emission but have little effect upon the spontaneous emission. Thus the thermal character of the Hawking radiation is remarkably robust.

R. T. Thompson; L. H. Ford

2008-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

225

Immunotoxicology of Pacific herring: Determination of reference ranges and their application to assessing exposure to the water-soluble fraction of crude oil.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Declines in Pacific herring returning to spawn in Prince William Sound four years after the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill, and isolation of pathogens, raised (more)

Sanders, Susan Mary

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Evaluation of Allochthonous and Autochthonous Microbial Populations in the In-situ Remediation of Weathered Oil in a Coastal Freshwater Habitat.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Use of bioremedial technologies has gained popularity in recent decades for application at oil spill sites. While much research has been done on specific case (more)

Schmidt, Kyle Alan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

CHEMICAL SPILL KIT LOCATION/CONTENTS 1. Chemical spill kits are located in areas with the highest probability of a chemical spill. The  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHEMICAL SPILL KIT LOCATION/CONTENTS 1. Chemical spill kits are located in areas with the highest probability of a chemical spill. The locations are: 1. Chemistry Department E810 2. Chemistry Department E715 4th Level Loading Area 6. Parkway Service Complex Shipping and Receiving Loading Area 7. Chemical

Seldin, Jonathan P.

228

Particle Physics at Discovery's Horizon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

uslhc.us uslhc.us Particle Physics at Discovery's Horizon September 2012 Discoveries from the Compact Muon Solenoid experiment at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland, promise to rev- olutionize our understanding of the universe. With more than 1000 participants from 49 institutions across the country, US CMS is the largest national group in the 3,600-member international CMS collaboration. Supported by the US Department of Energy's Office of Science and the National Science Foundation, the US CMS collaboration consists of more than 430 physicists, nearly 200 graduate students and more than 300 engineers, tech- nicians and computer scientists. The US CMS collaboration plays a vital role in the operation of the CMS detector and analysis of data from LHC collisions. US groups

229

WRITTEN STATEMENT OF JANE LUBCHENCO, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Horizon oil spill. In addition, NOAA-funded Sea Grant programs in Louisiana and other Gulf Coast states will be awarding grants for rapid response projects to monitor the effects of the oil spill on Louisiana's coastal on the environment. o Long-Term Affects of Oil Spilled oil can remain on the shoreline and in wetlands and other

230

The Deepwater Horizon disaster and wetlands Statement from the Environmental Concerns Committee Society of Wetland Scientists  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coastal wetlands are essential components of healthy and productive coastal fisheries, and nowhere within the lower 48 states has the critical linkage between wetlands and fisheries resources been more clearly demonstrated than in the Gulf Mexico (e.g., Chesney et al. 2000, Crain et al. 1979). Louisiana alone, for example, generates 30 % of the nations seafood production (Day et. al., 2005) and accounts for 40 % of the total wetlands in the conterminous United States (Richardson and Pahl 2006). The ongoing loss of wetland resources in the Gulf of Mexico and the potential economic and environmental costs, especially in Louisiana and Florida, is an issue of international concern. The impacts of the current oil spill are unknown but the potential for direct and indirect environmental damage to coastal ecosystem services are extraordinary. Both the oil and the activities used in the cleanup have the potential to adversely affect wetland flora and fauna. Thus far, most of the oil has remained offshore but reports of oil reaching the coast have been geographically extensive ranging from Florida to Louisiana. The potential geographic extent of the spill could result in the exposure of many types of coastal wetlands to oil, ranging from mangroves in Florida, Texas, Mexico and islands in the Caribbean basin to tidal freshwater wetlands along the Gulf Coast. Most wetlands that will potentially be exposed to oil are saline and brackish tidal wetlands, which are nursery

Dennis F. Whigham; Stephen W. Broome; Curtis J. Richardson; Robert L. Simpson; Loren M. Smith

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Horizon Batteries formerly Electrosource | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Batteries formerly Electrosource Batteries formerly Electrosource Jump to: navigation, search Name Horizon Batteries (formerly Electrosource) Place Texas Sector Vehicles Product Manufacturer of high-power, light-weight batteries for use in electric and hybrid-electric vehicles, engine-starting and telecommunication stand-by power applications. References Horizon Batteries (formerly Electrosource)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Horizon Batteries (formerly Electrosource) is a company located in Texas . References ↑ "Horizon Batteries (formerly Electrosource)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Horizon_Batteries_formerly_Electrosource&oldid=346600

232

Publications Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the last eight years, gas (filled) proportional ... Hurdles, Achievements and Future Outlook Topic: Environment ... Deep Water Horizon (DWH) oil spill in ...

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

233

Antonio Possolo  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... effective response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill [...] helping to speed the ultimate solution and reduce the environmental cost of the disaster. ...

2011-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

234

Statistical Engineering Division Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... effective response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill [...] helping to speed the ultimate solution and reduce the environmental cost of the disaster. ...

2011-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

235

NETL: News Release - NETL Teams Earn High Achievement Awards...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flow Estimation GroupNodal Analysis Team NETL is recognized for its swift and effective response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. The Incident Command's Flow Rate Technical...

236

NETL: News Release - NETL Researchers Receive USGS Awards for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

accurate estimates of the leakage rates at the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, three researchers from the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL)...

237

U.S. Energy Demand, Offshore Oil Production and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;Summary of Conclusions. . . The global rate of production of oil is peaking now, coal will peak in 2U.S. Energy Demand, Offshore Oil Production and BP's Macondo Well Spill Tad Patzek, Petroleum that run the U.S. Complexity, models, risks Gulf of Mexico's oil and gas production Conclusions ­ p.3/4 #12

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

238

Mineral Oil Transport and Fate Investigation at Franklin Station  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents results of an investigation to evaluate the fate and transport of mineral oil in the subsurface of a substation. Understanding subsurface migration of mineral oil will help utilities who are involved in cleanup of past mineral oil spills and leaks.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

239

Proceedings of the 7th Middle East oil show  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book contains the November, 1991 proceedings of the 7th Middle East Oil Show. It includes the following topics: Horizontal drilling; Emergency pipeline repair; Geologic interpretation and digital processing of satellite images; Fracturing patterns; Oil and gas saturation monitoring; and The environmental impact of oil spills.

Not Available

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

CHEMICAL OR RADIATION SPILL Observe the following procedures in the event of a chemical or radiation spill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHEMICAL OR RADIATION SPILL Observe the following procedures in the event of a chemical or radiation spill: · Report immediately any spillage of a hazardous chemical or radioactive material to campus

Meyers, Steven D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

TWO CHEMICAL SPILL PATTERNS IN TIDALLY DOMINATED SAN DIEGO BAY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6 TWO CHEMICAL SPILL PATTERNS IN TIDALLY DOMINATED SAN DIEGO BAY Peter C. Chu and Kleanthis, Inc., 70 Dean Knauss Drive, Narragansett, RI 02882, USA ABSTRACT A coupled hydrodynamic-chemical spill model is used to investigate the chemical spill in the San Diego Bay. The hydrodynamic model shows

Chu, Peter C.

242

Expanding Your Horizons scheduled for March 2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Expanding Your Horizons Expanding Your Horizons Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:Dec. 2013 - Jan. 2014 All Issues » submit Expanding Your Horizons scheduled for March 2 The conference offers fifth- to 12th-grade girls opportunities to participate in hands-on workshops about science, technology, engineering, math and related fields. February 1, 2013 dummy image Read our archives. Contacts Editor Linda Anderman Email Community Programs Office Kurt Steinhaus Email Up to 250 young women are expected to participate in the workshops that will include subjects such as computers and robots, veterinary medicine, cryptography and ocean science. This year the Santa Fe and Los Alamos Expanding Your Horizons (EYH) conferences are combined into one, all-day session to be held on March 2 at

243

Expanding Your Horizons Conference, Lawrence Livermore National...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lawrence Livermore National Lab Expanding Your Horizons Conference, Lawrence Livermore National Lab August 1, 2013 2:45PM EDT to August 31, 2013 3:45PM EDT University of the...

244

Alaska panel urges oil tanker changes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A commission assigned by the state of Alaska to investigate the Exxon Valdez oil spill says the Coast Guard's regulation of oil transportation had grown slack over the decade preceding the 11 million-gallon spill. The vigilance over tanker traffic that was established in the early days of pipeline flow had given way to complacency and neglect, says the commission's report, which calls for a revamping of the U.S. oil transportation system. The review places the blame for the spill not only on the Coast Guard but on the oil industry's thirst for profits in the 1980s and blames the state itself for not living up to its obligation to manage and protect its own waters. The report offers 59 recommendations that cover tanker construction and crew training, spill prevention, strategies for responding to spills and cleanup technologies. The panel also wants to see more stringent tanker safety standards, strengthened enforcement of the new regulations and greater penalties levied against violators. The Coast Guard expects that it will be some time before revisions in its tanker monitoring operations are in place.

Dillingham, S.

1990-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

245

WRITTEN STATEMENT OF DAVID M. KENNEDY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Habitats Spilled oil can remain on the shoreline and in wetlands and other environments for years. More in the response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. My name is David Kennedy and I am the Acting Assistant the critical roles NOAA serves during oil spills and the importance of our contributions to protect and restore

246

WRITTEN STATEMENT OF DEPUTY CHIEF, ASSESSMENT AND RESTORATION DIVISION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

damages resulting from the Deepwater Horizon BP oil spill. My name is Tony Penn and I am the Deputy Chief the opportunity to discuss the critical roles NOAA serves during and following oil spills and the importance, assessing, and restoring the public's coastal natural resources when they are impacted by oil spills

247

WRITTEN STATEMENT OF DOUGLAS HELTON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

grants for rapid response projects to monitor the impacts of the oil spill on Louisiana's coastal marshes in the response to the Deepwater Horizon BP oil spill and NOAA's ideas for activities to improve future response the opportunity to discuss the critical roles NOAA serves during oil spills and the importance of our

248

Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse (INP Toulouse) Mathmatiques Informatique Tlcommunications (MITT)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

], meteorological investigations [3, 4], wetland monitoring [5], estimation of forest parameters [6], oil spill study of vessel detection and oil-spill recog- nition, based on linear and hybrid/compact dual-pol DoP, using recent data from the Deepwater Horizon oil-spill, acquired by the National Aeronautics and Space

Mailhes, Corinne

249

Hazardous materials (HAZMAT) Spill Center strategic plan  

SciTech Connect

This strategic Plan was developed in keeping with the Department of Energy`s mission for partnership with its customers to contribute to our Nation`s welfare by providing the technical information and the scientific and educational foundation for the technology, policy and institutional leadership necessary to achieve efficiency in energy use, diversity in energy sources, a more productive and competitive economy, improved environmental quality, and a secure national defense. The Plan provides the concepts for realigning the Departments`s Hazardous Materials Spill Center (HSC) in achieving its vision of becoming the global leader in meeting the diverse HAZMAT needs in the areas of testing, training, and technology. Each of these areas encompass many facets and a multitude of functional and operational requirements at the Federal, state, tribal, and local government levels, as well as those of foreign governments and the private sector. The evolution of the limited dimensional Liquefied Gaseous Fuels Spill Test Facility into a multifaceted HAZMAT Spill Center will require us to totally redefine our way of thinking as related to our business approach, both within and outside of the Department. We need to establish and maintain a viable and vibrant outreach program through all aspects of the public (via government agencies) and private sectors, to include foreign partnerships. The HAZMAT Spill Center goals and objectives provide the direction for meeting our vision. This direction takes into consideration the trends and happenings identified in the {open_quotes}Strategic Outlook{close_quotes}, which includes valuable input from our stakeholders and our present and future customers. It is our worldwide customers that provide the essence of the strategic outlook for the HAZMAT Spill Center.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Making and breaking of water in crude oil emulsions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An understanding of the processes involved in oil spills, and how they interact to alter the composition and behavior of the oil with respect to time is essential to determine an effective oil spill response. The review of past research has shown more focus on the laboratory methods and computerized modeling schemes to estimate the formation and breaking of emulsions after an oil spill. However, relatively less effort has gone into the study of emulsions corresponding to actual field conditions. This research aims to simulate an oil spill at sea by developing a new technique to make water in oil emulsions, without disturbing the marine wildlife. Further, this research also attempts to analyze the viscosities of water in oil emulsions and determine appropriate emulsion breakers for different crude oil emulsions. The overall test design for the study includes a test apparatus for spreading and evaporation, three different crude oils, a mixing chamber to form the emulsion, and emulsion breakers. Experiments in this research attempt to gain a better understanding of the processes that occur after oil spills at sea. In particular, the rate of evaporation of different crude oils and the formation of crude oil emulsions on the sea surface have been investigated. It was observed that different crude oils behave differently when subjected to the same weathering procedure. Results indicate that the behavior of the crude oil on the sea surface, subjected to spreading, evaporation, and emulsification, can be predicted by using the new technique developed in this research. This technique can also assist the development of effective recovery equipments and materials.

Mehta, Shweta D.

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Solution and Forecast Horizons for Infinite-Horizon Nonhomogeneous Markov Decision Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a nonhomogeneous infinite-horizon Markov Decision Process (MDP) problem with multiple optimal first-period policies. We seek an algorithm that, given finite data, delivers an optimal first-period policy. Such an algorithm can thus ... Keywords: monotone policy, planning horizon, well-posed problem

Torpong Cheevaprawatdomrong; Irwin E. Schochetman; Robert L. Smith; Alfredo Garcia

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Overview of the New Horizons Science Payload  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Horizons mission was launched on 2006 January 19, and the spacecraft is heading for a flyby encounter with the Pluto system in the summer of 2015. The challenges associated with sending a spacecraft to Pluto in less than 10 years and performing an ambitious suite of scientific investigations at such large heliocentric distances (> 32 AU) are formidable and required the development of lightweight, low power, and highly sensitive instruments. This paper provides an overview of the New Horizons science payload, which is comprised of seven instruments. Alice provides spatially resolved ultraviolet spectroscopy. The Ralph instrument has two components: the Multicolor Visible Imaging Camera (MVIC), which performs panchromatic and color imaging, and the Linear Etalon Imaging Spectral Array (LEISA), which provides near-infrared spectroscopic mapping capabilities. The Radio Experiment (REX) is a component of the New Horizons telecommunications system that provides both occultation and radiometry capabilities. ...

Weaver, H A; Tapley, M B; Young, L A; Stern, S A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Compendium of Resource Equivalency Analyses: New Carissa Oil Spill References  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University Press. Stanford, California. Ainley, D.G., R.P. Henderson, and C.S. Strong. 1990c. Leachs Storm-Petrel and Ashy Storm-Petrel, pages 128-162 in Seabirds of the Farallon Islands (D.G. Ainley and R.J. Boekelheide, eds.). Stanford University Press. Stanford, California.

D. N. Nettleship; H. R. Carter; R. J. Boekelheide; S. H. Morrell; C. S. Strong; Pages In; S. H. Morrell; R. J. Boekelheide; Rhinoceros Auklet; Tufted Puffin; N. Nur; Marbled Murrelet; Wildlife Service; Recovery Plan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analysis, porous materials multiphase flow, aquifers, grounddimensional multiphase flow in porous media. In: Proceedingsclaculations, porous materials multiphase flow, flow rate,

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the conversion of benzene to phenol, phenol to catechol,and catechol degradation to substrates for the tricarboxylicwas degraded by both catechol 1,2- and catechol 2,3-

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mathematical model of the biogas process was formulated withKey words: bacteria, biogas process, hydrogen transfer,cellulose, anaerobic digestion, biogas process, bioreactors,

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

regulations prohibit disposal of produced water withoutregulations on the organic content of discharged produced water

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ammonium in the Monterey Formation, Santa Maria and Sanand structural traps. The Monterey formation is typicallyMiocene Monterey and Santa Margarita Formations is virtually

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in disposal of drilling fluids, produced water and other oilsheen tests for drilling fluid discharge. In: Proceedings ofJohn E. Candler. Drilling fluids and reserve pit toxicity.

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Oil spill threatens already weakened wetlands Page 1 of 2 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

SHELL BEACH, La. Battered by hurricanes, weakened by erosion and flood-control projects, the sprawling wetlands that nurture Gulf of Mexico marine ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

organic geochemistry, petroleum source rock, pollution,biological markers, petroleum, geochemistry, source rocks,

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Optimization of hydrophobic meshes for oil spill recovery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Widespread use of petrochemicals often leads to accidental releases in aquatic environments, occasionally with disastrous results. Recent advances in the understanding of selectively wetting surfaces have led to the ...

Prendergast, Daniel P. (Daniel Patrick)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Depositional controls on source rock character and crude oilgeochemistry, petroleum source rock, pollution, sediments,seismic surveys, source rocks, maturation, reservoir rock.

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

PCB spill response and notification requirements  

SciTech Connect

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are a class of organic chemicals that had become widely used in industrial applications due to their practical physical and chemical properties. Historical uses of PCBs include dielectric fluids (used in utility transformers, capacitors, etc.), hydraulic fluids, and other applications requiring stable, fire-retardant materials. Due to findings that PCBs may cause adverse health effects and due to their persistence and accumulation in the environment. The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), enacted on october 11, 1976, banned the manufacture of PCBs after 1978 [Section 6(e)]. The first PCB regulations, promulgated at 40 CFR Part 761, were finalized on February 17, 1978. These PCB regulations include requirements specifying disposal methods and marking (labeling) procedures, and controlling PCB use. To assist the Department of Energy (DOE) in its efforts to comply with the TSCA statute and implementing regulations, the Office of Environmental Guidance has prepared the document ``Guidance on the Management of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs).`` That document explains the requirements specified in the statute and regulations for managing PCBs including PCB use, storage, transport, and disposal. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established regulations at 40 CFR 761 Subpart G for the reporting and cleanup of spills resulting from the release of any quantity of material containing PCBs at concentrations of {ge} 50 ppm. The regulations, known collectively as the TSCA Spill Cleanup Policy, contain requirements for the notification, cleanup, decontamination verification, and recordkeeping of PCB spills. This Information Brief supplements the PCB guidance document by responding to common questions concerning PCB spill response and notification requirements. It is one of a series of Information Briefs pertinent to PCB management issues.

NONE

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Liver antioxidant and plasmatic immune responses in juvenile1 golden grey mullet (Liza aurata) exposed to dispersed crude oil2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) exposed to dispersed crude oil2 3 Thomas Milinkovitch1* , Awa Ndiaye2 , Wilfried Sanchez2 , Stéphane Le ; CD : Chemically Dispersed oil ; D : Dispersant solution ; MD : Mechanically Dispersed oil; WSF application is an oil spill response technique. To evaluate the environmental31 cost of this operation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

266

Safety implications of a large LNG tanker spill over water.  

SciTech Connect

The increasing demand for natural gas in the United States could significantly increase the number and frequency of marine LNG (liquefied natural gas) imports. Although many studies have been conducted to assess the consequences and risks of potential LNG spills, the increasing importance of LNG imports suggests that consistent methods and approaches be identified and implemented to help ensure protection of public safety and property from a potential LNG spill. For that reason the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Fossil Energy, requested that Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) develop guidance on a risk-based analysis approach to assess and quantify potential threats to an LNG ship, the potential hazards and consequences of a large spill from an LNG ship, and review prevention and mitigation strategies that could be implemented to reduce both the potential and the risks of an LNG spill over water. Specifically, DOE requested: (1) An in-depth literature search of the experimental and technical studies associated with evaluating the safety and hazards of an LNG spill from an LNG ship; (2) A detailed review of four recent spill modeling studies related to the safety implications of a large-scale LNG spill over water; (3) Evaluation of the potential for breaching an LNG ship cargo tank, both accidentally and intentionally, identification of the potential for such breaches and the potential size of an LNG spill for each breach scenario, and an assessment of the potential range of hazards involved in an LNG spill; (4) Development of guidance on the use of modern, performance-based, risk management approaches to analyze and manage the threats, hazards, and consequences of an LNG spill over water to reduce the overall risks of an LNG spill to levels that are protective of public safety and property.

Hightower, Marion Michael; Gritzo, Louis Alan; Luketa-Hanlin, Anay Josephine

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Microsoft Word - Horizon Wind Energy Comments.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of 2009. 74 Fed. Reg. 9391-9393 (Mar. 4, 2009). Dear Sir or Madam: On behalf of Horizon Wind Energy LLC ("Horizon"), I am pleased to submit comments on Western Area Power...

268

Horizon Properties of Einstein-Yang-Mills Black Hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider static axially symmetric Einstein-Yang-Mills black holes in the isolated horizon formalism. The mass of these hairy black holes is related to the mass of the corresponding particle-like solutions by the horizon mass. The hairy black holes violate the ``quasi-local uniqueness conjecture'', based on the horizon charges.

B. Kleihaus; J. Kunz; A. Sood; M. Wirschins

2001-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

269

Business cycles in oil economies  

SciTech Connect

This study examines the impact of oil price shocks on output fluctuations of several oil-exporting economies. In most studies of business cycles, the role of oil price is ignored; the few studies that use oil price as one of the variables in the system focus on modeling oil-importing economies. The vector autoregression (VAR) technique is used to consider the cases of Norway, Nigeria, and Mexico. Both atheoretical and structural' VARs are estimated to determine the importance of oil price impulses on output variations. The study reports two types of results: variance decomposition and impulse response functions, with particular emphasis on the issues of stationarity and co-integration among the series. The empirical results suggest that shocks to oil price are important in explaining output variations. In most cases, shocks to oil price are shown to explain more than 20% of the forecast variance of output over a 40-quarter horizon.

Al-Mutairi, N.H.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Dynamic Boundaries of Event Horizon Magnetospheres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Letter analyzes 3-dimensional simulations of Kerr black hole magnetospheres that obey the general relativistic equations of perfect magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). Particular emphasis is on the event horizon magnetosphere (EHM) which is defined as the the large scale poloidal magnetic flux that threads the event horizon of a black hole (This is distinct from the poloidal magnetic flux that threads the equatorial plane of the ergosphere, which forms the ergospheric disk magnetosphere). Standard MHD theoretical treatments of Poynting jets in the EHM are predicated on the assumption that the plasma comprising the boundaries of the EHM plays no role in producing the Poynting flux. The energy flux is electrodynamic in origin and it is essentially conserved from the horizon to infinity, this is known as the Blandford-Znajek (B-Z) mechanism. To the contrary, within the 3-D simulations, the lateral boundaries are strong pistons for MHD waves and actually inject prodigious quantities of Poynting flux into the EHM. At high black hole spin rates, strong sources of Poynting flux adjacent to the EHM from the ergospheric disk will actually diffuse to higher latitudes and swamp any putative B-Z effects. This is in contrast to lower spin rates, which are characterized by much lower output powers and modest amounts of Poynting flux are injected into the EHM from the accretion disk corona.

Brian Punsly

2007-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

271

Overview of the New Horizons Science Payload  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Horizons mission was launched on 2006 January 19, and the spacecraft is heading for a flyby encounter with the Pluto system in the summer of 2015. The challenges associated with sending a spacecraft to Pluto in less than 10 years and performing an ambitious suite of scientific investigations at such large heliocentric distances (> 32 AU) are formidable and required the development of lightweight, low power, and highly sensitive instruments. This paper provides an overview of the New Horizons science payload, which is comprised of seven instruments. Alice provides spatially resolved ultraviolet spectroscopy. The Ralph instrument has two components: the Multicolor Visible Imaging Camera (MVIC), which performs panchromatic and color imaging, and the Linear Etalon Imaging Spectral Array (LEISA), which provides near-infrared spectroscopic mapping capabilities. The Radio Experiment (REX) is a component of the New Horizons telecommunications system that provides both occultation and radiometry capabilities. The Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) provides high sensitivity, high spatial resolution optical imaging capabilities. The Solar Wind at Pluto (SWAP) instrument measures the density and speed of solar wind particles. The Pluto Energetic Particle Spectrometer Science Investigation (PEPSSI) measures energetic protons and CNO ions. The Venetia Burney Student Dust Counter (VB-SDC) is used to record dust particle impacts during the cruise phases of the mission.

H. A. Weaver; W. C. Gibson; M. B. Tapley; L. A. Young; S. A. Stern

2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

272

Fiber-optical analogue of the event horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The physics at the event horizon resembles the behavior of waves in moving media. Horizons are formed where the local speed of the medium exceeds the wave velocity. We use ultrashort pulses in microstructured optical fibers to demonstrate the formation of an artificial event horizon in optics. We observed a classical optical effect, the blue-shifting of light at a white-hole horizon. We also show by theoretical calculations that such a system is capable of probing the quantum effects of horizons, in particular Hawking radiation.

Thomas G. Philbin; Chris Kuklewicz; Scott Robertson; Stephen Hill; Friedrich Konig; Ulf Leonhardt

2007-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

273

Short-Term Schedulability Analysis of Crude Oil Operations in Refinery With Oil Residency Time Constraint Using Petri Nets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A short-term schedule for oil refinery should arrange all the activities in every detail for the whole scheduling horizon, leading to a complex problem. There lacks efficient techniques and software tools for its solution applicable to industrial oil ... Keywords: Automated manufacturing system, Petri net (PN), hybrid Petri net, oil refinery, scheduling, short-term scheduling

NaiQi Wu; Feng Chu; Chengbin Chu; MengChu Zhou

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Dirty black holes: Symmetries at stationary non-static horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We establish that the Einstein tensor takes on a highly symmetric form near the Killing horizon of any stationary but non-static (and non-extremal) black hole spacetime. [This follows up on a recent article by the current authors, gr-qc/0402069, which considered static black holes.] Specifically, at any such Killing horizon -- irrespective of the horizon geometry -- the Einstein tensor block-diagonalizes into ``transverse'' and ``parallel'' blocks, and its transverse components are proportional to the transverse metric. Our findings are supported by two independent procedures; one based on the regularity of the on-horizon geometry and another that directly utilizes the elegant nature of a bifurcate Killing horizon. It is then argued that geometrical symmetries will severely constrain the matter near any Killing horizon. We also speculate on how this may be relevant to certain calculations of the black hole entropy.

A J M Medved; Damien Martin; Matt Visser

2004-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

275

ARM: Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (KASACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scan (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (KASACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scan (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)

Nitin Bharadwaj; Kevin Widener

276

Green Investment Horizons: Effects of Policy on the Market for...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Investment Horizons: Effects of Policy on the Market for Building Energy Efficiency Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Green Investment...

277

ORISE: White paper analyzes Deepwater Horizon event for improving...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Incidents: Common Challenges and Solutions White paper analyzes Deepwater Horizon response, identifies approaches for radiological or nuclear emergency planning The 2010...

278

Horizon effects for surface waves in wave channels and circular jumps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface waves in classical fluids experience a rich array of black/white hole horizon effects. The dispersion relation depends on the characteristics of the fluid (in our case, water and silicon oil) as well as on the fluid depth and the wavelength regime. In some cases, it can be tuned to obtain a relativistic regime plus high-frequency dispersive effects. We discuss two types of ongoing analogue white-hole experiments: deep water waves propagating against a counter-current in a wave channel and shallow waves on a circular hydraulic jump.

Jannes, Gil; Chaline, Jennifer; Massa, Philippe; Mathis, Christian; Rousseaux, Germain

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Safe recycling of used oil  

SciTech Connect

It`s not just recovery of used oil, but how you recover it, that ultimately determines the impact on the environment. No matter what recycling technology is employed, there are environmental/economic factors that come into play. One is the distance to the end user. Sending the used oil to a nearby plant (e.g. a local asphalt manufacturer as opposed to a distant refiner) both reduces hauling costs and the potential for a spill occurring during transport. Management practices of the used oil recycler, pollution control, insurance coverage and environmental compliance record are other factors in evaluating recovery options. Generators need to be careful about who is collecting their used oil, because they can be held liable for mismanagement.

Arner, R. [Northern Virginia Planning District Commission, Cincinnati, OH (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

WRITTEN STATEMENT OF JANE LUBCHENCO, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to monitor the effects of the oil spill on Louisiana's coastal marshes and fishery species. · NOAA's National ON "OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF OIL AND GAS STRATEGY AND IMPLICATIONS OF THE DEEPWATER HORIZON RIG EXPLOSION oil spill. My name is Dr. Jane Lubchenco and I am the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

WRITTEN STATEMENT OF DAVID WESTERHOLM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

augment the behavior of the spilled oil. The Gulf of Mexico shorelines, and Louisiana's in particular, and potential for significant long-term impacts. As oil has moved ashore from the Louisiana coast to the Florida OF DISPERSANT FOR THE DEEPWATER HORIZON BP OIL SPILL BEFORE THE COMMITTEE ON ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC WORKS UNITED

282

WRITTEN STATEMENT OF DR. LARRY ROBINSON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the behavior of the spilled oil. The Gulf of Mexico shorelines, and Louisiana's in particular, possess, and potential for significant long-term impacts. As oil has moved ashore from the Louisiana coast to the Florida.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE HEARING ON THE USE OF DISPERSANT FOR THE BP DEEPWATER HORIZON OIL SPILL BEFORE

283

WRITTEN STATEMENT OF DR. LARRY ROBINSON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to monitor the effects of the oil spill on Louisiana's coastal marshes and fishery species. · NOAA's National NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE HEARING ON COMBATING THE BP OIL's) role in the response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. My name is Dr. Larry Robinson and I am

284

New Horizons Mission Powered by Space Radioisotope Power Systems |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Horizons Mission Powered by Space Radioisotope Power Systems New Horizons Mission Powered by Space Radioisotope Power Systems New Horizons Mission Powered by Space Radioisotope Power Systems January 30, 2008 - 6:47pm Addthis Artist's concept of the New Horizons spacecraft during its planned encounter with Pluto and its moon, Charon. The craft's miniature cameras, radio science experiment, ultraviolet and infrared spectrometers and space plasma experiments are run by the Department of Energy's Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG). | Photo courtesy of Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Southwest Research Institute (JHUAPL/SwRI) Artist's concept of the New Horizons spacecraft during its planned encounter with Pluto and its moon, Charon. The craft's miniature cameras, radio science experiment, ultraviolet and infrared spectrometers and space

285

New Horizons Mission Powered by Space Radioisotope Power Systems |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Horizons Mission Powered by Space Radioisotope Power Systems New Horizons Mission Powered by Space Radioisotope Power Systems New Horizons Mission Powered by Space Radioisotope Power Systems January 30, 2008 - 6:47pm Addthis Artist's concept of the New Horizons spacecraft during its planned encounter with Pluto and its moon, Charon. The craft's miniature cameras, radio science experiment, ultraviolet and infrared spectrometers and space plasma experiments are run by the Department of Energy's Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG). | Photo courtesy of Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Southwest Research Institute (JHUAPL/SwRI) Artist's concept of the New Horizons spacecraft during its planned encounter with Pluto and its moon, Charon. The craft's miniature cameras, radio science experiment, ultraviolet and infrared spectrometers and space

286

Thermodynamics of apparent horizon and modified Friedman equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Starting from the first law of thermodynamics, $dE=T_hdS_h+WdV$, at apparent horizon of a FRW universe, and assuming that the associated entropy with apparent horizon has a quantum corrected relation, $S=\\frac{A}{4G}-\\alpha \\ln \\frac{A}{4G}+\\beta \\frac{4G}{A}$, we derive modified Friedmann equations describing the dynamics of the universe with any spatial curvature. We also examine the time evolution of the total entropy including the quantum corrected entropy associated with the apparent horizon together with the matter field entropy inside the apparent horizon. Our study shows that, with the local equilibrium assumption, the generalized second law of thermodynamics is fulfilled in a region enclosed by the apparent horizon.

Ahmad Sheykhi

2010-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

287

The Milling Stone Horizon Revisited: New Perspectives from Northern and Central California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Berryessa II. Journal THE MILLING STONE HORIZON REVISITEDI, pp. 67-93 (1999). The Milling Stone Horizon Revisited:nearly half a century, the Milling Stone Horizon has been

Fitzgerald, Richard T.; Jones, Terry L.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Coal-ash spills highlight ongoing risk to ecosystems  

SciTech Connect

Two recent large-scale spills of coal combustion waste have highlighted the old problem of handling the enormous quantity of solid waste produced by coal. Both spills happened at power plants run by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). In December 2008 a holding pond for coal ash collapsed at a power plant in Kingstom, Tenn., releasing coal-ash sludge onto farmland and into rivers: in January 2009 a break in a pipe removing water from a holding pond for gypsum caused a spill at Widows Creek Fossil Plant in Stevenson, Ala. The article discusses the toxic outcome of such disasters on ecosystems, quoting work by Willaim Hopkins at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University and recommendations and reports of the US EPA. 2 photos.

Chatterjee, R.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

CLOSURE REPORT FOR CORRECTIVE ACTION UNIT 390: AREAS 9, 10, AND 12 SPILL SITES, NEVADA TEST SITE, NEVADA  

SciTech Connect

Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 390 consists four Corrective Action Sites (CASs) located in Areas 9, 10, and 12 of the Nevada Test Site. The closure activities performed at the CASs include: (1) CAS 09-99-03, Wax, Paraffin: 2 cubic yards of drilling polymer was removed on June 20,2005, and transported to the Area 9 Landfill for disposal. (2) CAS 10-99-01, Epoxy Tar Spill: 2 cubic feet of asphalt waste was removed on June 20,2005, and transported to the Area 9 Landfill for disposal. (3) CAS 10-99-03, Tar Spills: 3 cubic yards of deteriorated asphalt waste was removed on June 20,2005, and transported to the Area 9 Landfill for disposal. (4) CAS 12-25-03, Oil Stains (2); Container: Approximately 16 ounces of used oil were removed from ventilation equipment on June 28,2005, and recycled. One CAS 10-22-19, Drums, Stains, was originally part of CAU 390 but was transferred out of CAU 390 and into CAU 550, Drums, Batteries, and Lead Materials. The transfer was approved by the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection on August 19,2005, and a copy of the approval letter is included in Appendix D of this report.

NONE

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

MHK Technologies/Horizon Horizontal Platform | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Horizontal Platform Horizontal Platform < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Horizon Horizontal Platform.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Elgen Wave Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Point Absorber - Floating Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description Horizon is an array of specialized point absorbers contained in an ultra stable floating platform The unique design of the platform causes it to be entirely unaffected by waves and swells allowing it to remain almost perfectly motionless Horizon converts energy on both the up and down strokes of the floats This oscillating bi directional motion is converted to a rotating mono directional motion by horizon s unique linear drive converters The output drive shaft is connected to a generator which in turn is connected to a transmission line laid on the ocean floor running to the utility grid on land

291

Acoustic measurement of the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well flow rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On May 31, 2010, a direct acoustic measurement method was used to quantify fluid leakage rate from the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well prior to removal of its broken riser. This method utilized an acoustic imaging sonar and ...

Camilli, Richard

292

Green functions and Euclidean fields near the bifurcate Killing horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We approximate a Euclidean version of a D+1 dimensional manifold with a bifurcate Killing horizon by a product of a two-dimensional Rindler space and a D-1 dimensional manifold M. We obtain approximate formulas for the Green functions. We study the behaviour of Green functions near the horizon and their dimensional reduction. We show that if M is compact then the massless minimally coupled quantum field contains a zero mode which is a conformal invariant free field on R^2. Then, the Green function near the horizon can be approximated by the Green function of the two-dimensional quantum field theory. The correction term is exponentially small away from the horizon. If the volume of a geodesic ball is growing to infinity with its radius then the Green function cannot be approximated by a two-dimensional one.

Z. Haba

2007-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

293

Economic and Environmental Horizons for China to 2020  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Economic and Environmental Horizons for China to 2020 Speaker(s): David Roland-Holst Date: November 21, 2003 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Alan...

294

On the conversion of rest energy in horizon energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that the Verlinde formula for the entropy variation of a holographic screen is a consequence of the conversion of the particle energy in horizon energy. The special role played by the particular displacement $\\Delta x = c^{2}/a$ is emphasized, $a$ being the particle acceleration. Using the Heisenberg Principle we show that the energy on the causal horizon (viewed as a holographic screen) of an inertial observer is proportional to its radius, as for a black hole.

Hristu Culetu

2010-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

295

Addendum to the Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 394: Areas 12, 18, and 29 Spill/Release Sites Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

This document constitutes an addendum to the September 2003, Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 394: Areas 12, 18, and 29 Spill/Release Sites as described in the document Recommendations and Justifications for Modifications for Use Restrictions Established under the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (UR Modification document) dated February 2008. The UR Modification document was approved by NDEP on February 26, 2008. The approval of the UR Modification document constituted approval of each of the recommended UR modifications. In conformance with the UR Modification document, this addendum consists of: This cover page that refers the reader to the UR Modification document for additional information The cover and signature pages of the UR Modification document The NDEP approval letter The corresponding section of the UR Modification document This addendum provides the documentation justifying the cancellation of the URs for: CAS 12-25-04, UST 12-16-2 Waste Oil Release CAS 18-25-01, Oil Spills CAS 18-25-02, Oil Spills CAS 18-25-03, Oil Spill CAS 29-44-01, Fuel Spill These URs were established as part of Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) corrective actions and were based on the presence of contaminants at concentrations greater than the action levels established at the time of the initial investigation (FFACO, 1996; as amended August 2006). Since these URs were established, practices and procedures relating to the implementation of risk-based corrective actions (RBCA) have changed. Therefore, these URs were re-evaluated against the current RBCA criteria as defined in the Industrial Sites Project Establishment of Final Action Levels (NNSA/NSO, 2006c). This re-evaluation consisted of comparing the original data (used to define the need for the URs) to risk-based final action levels (FALs) developed using the current Industrial Sites RBCA process. The re-evaluation resulted in a recommendation to remove these URs because contamination is not present at these sites above the risk-based FALs. Requirements for inspecting and maintaining these URs will be canceled, and the postings and signage at each site will be removed. Fencing and posting may be present at these sites that are unrelated to the FFACO URs such as for radiological control purposes as required by the NV/YMP Radiological Control Manual (NNSA/NSO, 2004f). This modification will not affect or modify any non-FFACO requirements for fencing, posting, or monitoring at these sites.

Lynn Kidman

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Reflection and Transmission at the Apparent Horizon during Gravitational Collapse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the wave-functionals describing the collapse of a self-gravitating dust ball in an exact quantization of the gravity-dust system. We show that ingoing (collapsing) dust shell modes outside the apparent horizon must necessarily be accompanied by outgoing modes inside the apparent horizon, whose amplitude is suppressed by the square root of the Boltzmann factor at the Hawking temperature. Likewise, ingoing modes in the interior must be accompanied by outgoing modes in the exterior, again with an amplitude suppressed by the same factor. A suitable superposition of the two solutions is necessary to conserve the dust probability flux across the apparent horizon, thus each region contains both ingoing and outgoing dust modes. If one restricts oneself to considering only the modes outside the apparent horizon then one should think of the apparent horizon as a partial reflector, the probability for a shell to reflect being given by the Boltzmann factor at the Hawking temperature determined by the mass contained within it. However, if one considers the entire wave function, the outgoing wave in the exterior is seen to be the transmission through the horizon of the interior outgoing wave that accompanies the collapsing shells. This transmission could allow information from the interior to be transferred to the exterior.

Cenalo Vaz; L. C. R. Wijewardhana

2010-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

297

Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 394: Areas 12, 18, and 29 Spill/Release Sites, Nevada Test Site, Nevada: Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

This Closure Report (CR) presents information supporting a closure recommendation for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 394: Areas 12, 18, and 29 Spill/Release Sites, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, in compliance with the requirements of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order. This CAU contains six Corrective Action Sites (CASs): 12-25-04, UST 12-16-2 Waste Oil Release; 18-25-01, 18-25-02, 18-25-03, Oil Spills; 18-25-04, Spill (Diesel Fuel); and 29-44-01, Fuel Spill, located within Areas 12, 18, and 29 on the Nevada Test Site. The purpose of this CR is to provide documentation supporting recommendations of no further action or closure in place for CASs within CAU 394. Throughout late 2002 and early to mid 2003, closure activities were performed as set forth in the CAU 394 Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration Plan. The closure activities identified the nature and extent of contaminants of potential concern at the CASs, and provided sufficient information and data to complete appropriate corrective actions for the CASs. Soil in CASs 18-25-02 and 18-25-03 containing polychlorinated biphenyls exceeding the action levels established by the Nevada Administrative Code were removed for proper disposal. The soil remaining in these CASs containing petroleum hydrocarbons exceeding the action level were closed in place with use restrictions. Corrective Action Sites 18-25-04 required no further corrective action; closure in place is required at CASs 12-25-04, 18-25-01, 18-25-02, 18-25-03, and 29-44-01; and use restrictions are required at CASs 12-25-04, 18-25-01, 18-25-02, 18-25-03 and 29-44-01. In summary, no corrective action plan is required for CAU 394.

U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office

2003-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

298

Texas Tech Toxicology Report to Appear Tuesday on `Good Morning America' http://www.newswise.com/articles/texas-tech-toxicology-report-to-appear-tuesday-on-good-morning-america[4/20/2011 8:15:25 AM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Texas Tech Toxicology Report to Appear Tuesday on `Good Morning America' http://www.newswise.com/articles/texas-tech-toxicology-report-to-appear-tuesday-on-good-morning-america[4/20/2011 8:15:25 AM] Share America, Oil Spill, Texas Tech University, Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Contact Information Available

Rock, Chris

299

Environmental Assessment for the LGF Spill Test Facility at Frenchman Flat, Nevada Test Site  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The LGF Spill Test Facility at Frenchman Flat, Nevada Test Site, is being constructed by the United States Department of Energy (DOE). In this Environmental Assessment, environmental consequences of spilling hazardous materials in the Frenchman Flat basin are evaluated and mitigations and recommendations are stated in order to protect natural resources and reduce land-use impacts. Guidelines and restrictions concerning spill-test procedures will be determined by the LGF Test Facility Operations Manager and DOE based on toxicity documentation for the test material, provided by the user, and mitigations imposed by the Environmental Assessment. In addition to Spill Test Facility operational procedures, certain assumptions have been made in preparation of this document: no materials will be considered for testing that have cumulative, long-term persistence in the environment; spill tests will consist of releases of 15 min or less; and sufficient time will be allowed between tests for recovery of natural resources. Geographic limits to downwind concentrations of spill materials were primarily determined from meteorological data, human occupational exposure standards to hazardous materials and previous spill tests. These limits were established using maximum spill scenarios and environmental impacts are discussed as worst case scenarios; however, spill-test series will begin with smaller spills, gradually increasing in size after the impacts of the initial tests have been evaluated.

Patton, S.E.; Novo, M.G.; Shinn, J.H.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Richard Lazarus Named as Executive Director of National Commission...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

D.C. - The co-chairs of the bipartisan National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling have selected a highly regarded Georgetown University law...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Dynamical horizon entropy and equilibrium thermodynamics of generalized gravity theories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the relation between the thermodynamics and field equations of generalized gravity theories on the dynamical trapping horizon with sphere symmetry. We assume the entropy of a dynamical horizon as the Noether charge associated with the Kodama vector and point out that it satisfies the second law when a Gibbs equation holds. We generalize two kinds of Gibbs equations to Gauss-Bonnet gravity on any trapping horizon. Based on the quasilocal gravitational energy found recently for f(R) gravity and scalar-tensor gravity in some special cases, we also build up the Gibbs equations, where the nonequilibrium entropy production, which is usually invoked to balance the energy conservation, is just absorbed into the modified Wald entropy in the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetime with slowly varying horizon. Moreover, the equilibrium thermodynamic identity remains valid for f(R) gravity in a static spacetime. Our work provides an alternative treatment to reinterpret the nonequilibrium correction and supports the idea that the horizon thermodynamics is universal for generalized gravity theories.

Wu Shaofeng; Ge Xianhui; Yang Guohong [Department of Physics, Shanghai University, Shanghai, 200444 (China); Shanghai Key Lab of Astrophysics, Shanghai, 200234 (China); Zhang Pengming [Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Accelerator, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Institute of Modern Physics, Lanzhou, 730000 (China)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

302

Crude Oil  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Barrels) Product: Crude Oil Liquefied Petroleum Gases Distillate Fuel Oil Residual Fuel Oil Still Gas Petroleum Coke Marketable Petroleum Coke Catalyst Petroleum Coke Other...

303

OIL PRODUCTION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OIL PRODUCTION Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) is a term applied to methods used for recovering oil from a petroleum reservoir beyond that recoverable by primary and secondary methods....

304

Coal rank distribution within the Bluesky-Gething stratigraphic horizon of Northeast B.C  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The top of the Gething Formation is one of the more important formational picks routinely performed by the oil and gas industry during their exploratory and development drilling as this horizon is very c:ontinuous through northeastern British Columbia and much of northern Alberta. The name Bluesky is given to the rock unit which occupies this stratigraphic level, namely a sandstone-conglomerate unit of marine origin which separates the continental coal measures of the Gething Formation from thc overlying marine shales of the Moosebar Formation (see Fig. 32). The Bluesky is commonly glauconitic.and has a variable thickness (0 to 50 metres1 over relatively short distances and most likely represents shoreline deposition of the rapidly transgressing Clearwater Sea from the north. The Bluesky-Gething is an important petroleum producer in the Fort St. John area. MOOSEBAR FM

R. H. Karst; G. V. White; Gethlng Fm

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Investment policies of national oil companies  

SciTech Connect

The political developments in Iran, the spectacular oil spills in Compeche off the coast of Mexico, and the unexpected death of the president of Algeria are indicative of radical changes that are taking place in these countries. This book focuses on the investment policies of the national oil companies - SONATRACH in Algeria, NIOC in Iran, and PEMEX in Mexico - but it also reviews the overall economic goals and policies of these three countries. State oil companies experienced accelerated growth in spite of a lack of planning, but each continues to encounter various limitations in its dependence on strong government interference, conflicting institutional relationships, and conflicting investment theories. Several implications are developed for national oil companies and their respective governments from this study. Strong leadership that is in tune with political realities and national leadership is needed before a natural resource can become a source of prosperity for developing countries. 320 references, 27 figures, 77 tables.

Megateli, A.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Los Alamos National Laboratory cosponsors 30th Expanding Your Horizons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Expanding your horizons conference Expanding your horizons conference Los Alamos National Laboratory cosponsors 30th Expanding Your Horizons conference The young women will participate in hands-on activities related to fields, such as astronomy, aerospace, chemistry, and earth science. March 16, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

307

Horizon Wind Energy formerly Zilkha Renewable Energy | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Horizon Wind Energy formerly Zilkha Renewable Energy Horizon Wind Energy formerly Zilkha Renewable Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name Horizon Wind Energy (formerly Zilkha Renewable Energy) Place Houston, Texas Zip 77002 Sector Wind energy Product Windfarm project developer involved from site sourcing to construction and commissioning of wind farms. Coordinates 29.76045°, -95.369784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

308

EaglePicher Horizon Batteries LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EaglePicher Horizon Batteries LLC EaglePicher Horizon Batteries LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name EaglePicher Horizon Batteries, LLC Place Dearborn, Michigan Zip MI 48126 Product Joint Venture developing, manufacturing and distributing a breakthrough, high performance sealed lead-acid battery. Coordinates 39.520064°, -94.770486° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.520064,"lon":-94.770486,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

309

RTG-History, the Curiosity, and New Horizons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RTG -- History, the Curiosity, and New Horizons RTG -- History, the Curiosity, and New Horizons Curiosity · New Horizons · Voyager · Resources with Additional Information DOE's RTG is doing it again. The Department's Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) is providing continuous power to the Mars rover Curiosity. The Multi-Mission RTG was constructed, assembled and tested by the Department and the Idaho, Oak Ridge, Los Alamos and Sandia National Laboratories.* Los Alamos was also involved in designing and building the ChemCam, which recently set it sights on the first Martian target, and zapped its first Martian rock. Twelve Months in Two Minutes: Curiosity's First Year on Mars (video) - *Edited excerpt from Nuclear Systems Powering a Mission to Mars RTG Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTG)

310

Microsoft Word - Horizon Wind Energy Comments.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transmission Infrastructure Program Transmission Infrastructure Program Western Area Power Administration P.O. Box 281213 Lakewood, CO 80228-8213 Via email: txprogram@wapa.gov April 3, 2009 Re: Notice of Proposed Program and Request for Public Comments regarding the implementation of section 402 of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. 74 Fed. Reg. 9391-9393 (Mar. 4, 2009). Dear Sir or Madam: On behalf of Horizon Wind Energy LLC ("Horizon"), I am pleased to submit comments on Western Area Power Administration ('Western')'s proposed implementation of section 402 of the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act of 2009. Horizon develops, constructs, owns and operates wind farms throughout North America. Based

311

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Horizons Inc - OH 05  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Horizons Inc - OH 05 Horizons Inc - OH 05 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: HORIZONS, INC. (OH.05 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Clecon, Inc. Lamotite, Inc. OH.05-1 OH.05-1 Location: 2909 East 79th Street , Cleveland , Ohio OH.05-2 OH.05-3 Evaluation Year: 1985 OH.05-1 Site Operations: Conducted research development work on a process for preparation of zirconium by fused salt electrolysis; and conducted work on production of thorium metal by fused salt electrolysis. OH.05-4 OH.05-5 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No Authority OH.05-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Thorium OH.05-4 Radiological Survey(s): Yes OH.05-3 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP

312

Thermodynamics of the apparent horizon in massive cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applying Clausius relation with energy-supply defined by the unified first law of thermodynamics formalism to the apparent horizon of a massive cosmological model proposed lately, the corrected entropic formula of the apparent horizon is obtained with the help of the modified Friedmann equations. This entropy-area relation, together with the identified internal energy, verifies the first law of thermodynamics for the apparent horizon with a volume change term for consistency. On the other hand, by means of the corrected entropy-area formula and the Clausius relation $\\delta Q=T dS$, the modified Friedmann equations governing the dynamical evolution of the universe are reproduced with the known energy density and pressure of massive graviton. The integration constant is found to correspond to a cosmological term which could be absorbed into the energy density of matter. Having established the correspondence of massive cosmology with the unified first law of thermodynamics on the apparent horizon, the validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics is also discussed by assuming the thermal equilibrium between the apparent horizon and the matter field bounded by the apparent horizon. It is found that, in the limit $H_c\\rightarrow 0$ which recovers the Minkowski reference metric solution in the flat case, the generalized second law of thermodynamics holds if $\\alpha_3+4\\alpha_4<0$. Apart from that, even for the simplest model of dRGT massive cosmology with $\\alpha_3=\\alpha_4=0$, the generalized second law of thermodynamics could be violated.

Hui Li; Yi Zhang

2013-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

313

Controlling mercury spills in laboratories with a thermometer exchange program  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a case for replacing mercury thermometers with their organic-liquid-filled counterparts. A review of liquid-in glass-thermometers is given. In addition, a brief summary of mercury's health effects and exposure limits is presented. Spill cleanup methods and some lessons learned from our experience are offered as well. Finally, an overview of the mercury thermometer exchange program developed at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory is presented.

McLouth, Lawrence D.

2002-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

314

Final report of the accident phenomenology and consequence (APAC) methodology evaluation. Spills Working Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Spills Working Group was one of six working groups established under the Accident Phenomenology and Consequence (APAC) methodology evaluation program. The objectives of APAC were to assess methodologies available in the accident phenomenology and consequence analysis area and to evaluate their adequacy for use in preparing DOE facility safety basis documentation, such as Basis for Interim Operation (BIO), Justification for Continued Operation (JCO), Hazard Analysis Documents, and Safety Analysis Reports (SARs). Additional objectives of APAC were to identify development needs and to define standard practices to be followed in the analyses supporting facility safety basis documentation. The Spills Working Group focused on methodologies for estimating four types of spill source terms: liquid chemical spills and evaporation, pressurized liquid/gas releases, solid spills and resuspension/sublimation, and resuspension of particulate matter from liquid spills.

Brereton, S.; Shinn, J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Hesse, D [Battelle Columbus Labs., OH (United States); Kaninich, D. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States); Lazaro, M. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Mubayi, V. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

SC-RISE LECTURE SERIES BRIGHT HORIZONS IN SOLAR ENERGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SC-RISE LECTURE SERIES BRIGHT HORIZONS IN SOLAR ENERGY Sustainable Energy Opportunities, Options are being developed including biomass, geothermal, hydropower, ocean thermal energy conversion, solar electric, solar thermal, and wind. However, such aspects as low energy density, siting, and temporal

316

Evolution of the horizons for dark energy universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent observational evidences of accelerating phase of the universe strongly demand that the dominating matter in the universe is in the form of dark energy. In this work, we study the evolution of the apparent and event horizons for various dark energy models and examine their behavior across phantom barrier line.

Ritabrata Biswas; Nairwita Mazumder; Subenoy Chakraborty

2011-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

317

Predictive energy management for hybrid electric vehicles -Prediction horizon and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predictive energy management for hybrid electric vehicles - Prediction horizon and battery capacity of a combined hybrid electric vehicle. Keywords: Hybrid vehicles, Energy Management, Predictive control, Optimal on a sliding window in order to minimize the hybrid vehicle fuel consumption. For real time implementation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

318

Correlation loss and multipartite entanglement across a black hole horizon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the Hawking effect on entangled fields. By considering a scalar field which is in a two-mode squeezed state from the point of view of freely falling (Kruskal) observers crossing the horizon of a Schwarzschild black hole, we study the degradation ... Keywords: Hawking-Unruh effect, Schwarzschild black holes, continuous variable correlations, multipartite entanglement

Gerardo Adesso; Ivette Fuentes-Schuller

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

The Possibilities of Women and Men: Gender and the California Milling Stone Horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Richard 1991 Archaic Milling Cultures of the Southern SanGender and the California Milling Stone Horizon KELLY R.those subsumed under the Milling Stone Horizon, that are not

McGuire, Kelly R; Hildebrandt, William R

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Accelerated detectors and worldsheet horizons in AdS/CFT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the AdS/CFT correspondence to discuss the response of an accelerated observer to the quantum vacuum fluctuations. In particular, we study heavy quarks probing a strongly coupled CFT by analysing strings moving in AdS. We propose that, in this context, a non-trivial detection rate is associated to the existence of a worldsheet horizon and we find an Unruh-like expression for the worldsheet temperature. Finally, by examining a rotating string in global AdS we find that there is a transition between string embeddings with and without worldsheet horizon. The dual picture corresponds to having non-trivial or trivial interaction with the quantum vacuum respectively. This is in qualitative agreement with results of Davies et al.

Mariano Chernicoff; Angel Paredes

2010-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Time-symmetric quantization in spacetimes with event horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The standard quantization formalism in spacetimes with event horizons implies a non-unitary evolution of quantum states, as initial pure states may evolve into thermal states. This phenomenon is behind the famous black hole information loss paradox which provoked long-standing debates on the compatibility of quantum mechanics and gravity. In this paper we demonstrate that within an alternative time-symmetric quantization formalism thermal radiation is absent and states evolve unitarily in spacetimes with event horizons. We also discuss the theoretical consistency of the proposed formalism. We explicitly demonstrate that the theory preserves the microcausality condition and suggest a "reinterpretation postulate" to resolve other apparent pathologies associated with negative energy states. Accordingly as there is a consistent alternative, we argue that choosing to use time-asymmetric quantization is a necessary condition for the black hole information loss paradox.

Archil Kobakhidze; Nicholas L. Rodd

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

322

The Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) Instrument Aboard New Horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) instrument on New Horizons will measure the interaction between the solar wind and ions created by atmospheric loss from Pluto. These measurements provide a characterization of the total loss rate and allow us to examine the complex plasma interactions at Pluto for the first time. Constrained to fit within minimal resources, SWAP is optimized to make plasma-ion measurements at all rotation angles as the New Horizons spacecraft scans to image Pluto and Charon during the flyby. In order to meet these unique requirements, we combined a cylindrically symmetric retarding potential analyzer (RPA) with small deflectors, a top-hat analyzer, and a redundant/coincidence detection scheme. This configuration allows for highly sensitive measurements and a controllable energy passband at all scan angles of the spacecraft.

D. McComas; F. Allegrini; F. Bagenal; P. Casey; P. Delamere; D. Demkee; G. Dunn; H. Elliott; J. Hanley; K. Johnson; J. Langle; G. Miller; S. Pope; M. Reno; B. Rodriguez; N. Schwadron; P. Valek; S. Weidner

2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

323

The Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) Instrument Aboard New Horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) instrument on New Horizons will measure the interaction between the solar wind and ions created by atmospheric loss from Pluto. These measurements provide a characterization of the total loss rate and allow us to examine the complex plasma interactions at Pluto for the first time. Constrained to fit within minimal resources, SWAP is optimized to make plasma-ion measurements at all rotation angles as the New Horizons spacecraft scans to image Pluto and Charon during the flyby. In order to meet these unique requirements, we combined a cylindrically symmetric retarding potential analyzer (RPA) with small deflectors, a top-hat analyzer, and a redundant/coincidence detection scheme. This configuration allows for highly sensitive measurements and a controllable energy passband at all scan angles of the spacecraft.

McComas, D; Bagenal, F; Casey, P; Delamere, P; Demkee, D; Dunn, G; Elliott, H; Hanley, J; Johnson, K; Langle, J; Miller, G; Pope, S; Reno, M; Rodrguez, B; Schwadron, N; Valek, P; Weidner, S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Page 1 of 1 Statement of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

which comes from the seafloor oil well-head. Two of those units are owned and operated by the US Naval of crude oil venting from the seafloor. An oil "vent", not "spill", and the connection to an active ocean a SeagliderTM. Three Seagliders are presently deployed in the Gulf of Mexico around the DeepWater Horizon oil

Hickey, Barbara

325

Eco-Driving: An Everyday Way to Reduce Our Oil Dependence | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Eco-Driving: An Everyday Way to Reduce Our Oil Dependence Eco-Driving: An Everyday Way to Reduce Our Oil Dependence Eco-Driving: An Everyday Way to Reduce Our Oil Dependence July 20, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Francis X. Vogel Executive Director and Coordinator of the Wisconsin Clean Cities coalition Global warming and oil dependence are on the front burner for good, and for good reason. The Gulf of Mexico oil spill that began on April 20 is now the worst oil disaster in American history. Meanwhile, U.S. transportation is still almost totally dependent on oil and responsible for about 30% of the nation's greenhouse gas emissions. About 60% of that oil comes from foreign sources. Is there anything we can do? Thankfully, there is something we can all do today, whether we drive the latest advanced-technology vehicle or a junkyard special. It's called

326

Horizon effects with surface waves on moving water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface waves on a stationary flow of water are considered, in a linear model that includes the surface tension of the fluid. The resulting gravity-capillary waves experience a rich array of horizon effects when propagating against the flow. In some cases three horizons (points where the group velocity of the wave reverses) exist for waves with a single laboratory frequency. Some of these effects are familiar in fluid mechanics under the name of wave blocking, but other aspects, in particular waves with negative co-moving frequency and the Hawking effect, were overlooked until surface waves were investigated as examples of analogue gravity [Sch\\"utzhold R and Unruh W G 2002 Phys. Rev. D 66 044019]. A comprehensive presentation of the various horizon effects for gravity-capillary waves is given, with emphasis on the deep water/short wavelength case kh>>1 where many analytical results can be derived. A similarity of the state space of the waves to that of a thermodynamic system is pointed out.

Germain Rousseaux; Philippe Maissa; Christian Mathis; Pierre Coullet; Thomas G. Philbin; Ulf Leonhardt

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

327

Liquefied Gaseous Fuels Spill Test Facility: Overview of STF capabilities  

SciTech Connect

The Liquefied Gaseous Fuels Spill Test Facility (STF) constructed at the Department of Energy`s Nevada Test Site is a basic research tool for studying the dynamics of accidental releases of various hazardous liquids. This Facility is designed to (1) discharge, at a controlled rate, a measured volume of hazardous test liquid on a prepared surface of a dry lake bed (Frenchman Lake); (2) monitor and record process operating data, close-in and downwind meteorological data, and downwind gaseous concentration levels; and (3) provide a means to control and monitor these functions from a remote location. The STF will accommodate large and small-scale testing of hazardous test fluid release rates up to 28,000 gallons per minute. Spill volumes up to 52,800 gallons are achievable. Generic categories of fluids that can be tested are cryogenics, isothermals, aerosol-forming materials, and chemically reactive. The phenomena that can be studied include source definition, dispersion, and pool fire/vapor burning. Other capabilities available at the STF include large-scale wind tunnel testing, a small test cell for exposing personnel protective clothing, and an area for developing mitigation techniques.

Gray, H.E.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Euclidean scalar Green functions near the black hole and black brane horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss approximations of the Riemannian geometry near the horizon. If a D+1 dimensional manifold N has a bifurcate Killing horizon then we approximate N by a product of the two-dimensional Rindler space and a D-1 dimensional Riemannian manifold M. We obtain approximate formulas for scalar Green functions. We study the behaviour of the Green functions near the horizon and their dimensional reduction. We show that if M is compact then the Green function near the horizon can be approximated by the Green function of a two-dimensional quantum field theory. The correction term is exponentially small away from the horizon. We extend the results to black brane solutions of supergravity in 10 and 11 dimensions. The near horizon geometry can be approximated by N=AdS_p x S_q. We discuss Euclidean Green functions on N and their behaviour near the horizon.

Z. Haba

2008-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

329

A Fast Moving Horizon Estimation Algorithm Based on Nonlinear ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

applications with negligible on-line computational costs. .... The cost function ...... Oils. Waxes. Tubular. Reactor. Hyper-Compressor. High-Pressure. Separator.

330

Breach and safety analysis of spills over water from large liquefied natural gas carriers.  

SciTech Connect

In 2004, at the request of the Department of Energy, Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) prepared a report, ''Guidance on the Risk and Safety Analysis of Large Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Spills Over Water''. That report provided framework for assessing hazards and identifying approaches to minimize the consequences to people and property from an LNG spill over water. The report also presented the general scale of possible hazards from a spill from 125,000 m3 o 150,000 m3 class LNG carriers, at the time the most common LNG carrier capacity.

Hightower, Marion Michael; Luketa-Hanlin, Anay Josephine; Attaway, Stephen W.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

A Comparative Study of Multi-step-ahead Prediction for Crude Oil Price with Support Vector Regression  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate prediction on crude oil price in a long time horizon has been appealing both for academia and practitioners. Recursive strategy and direct strategy are two mainstream modeling schemas widely used for multi-step-ahead prediction in the context ... Keywords: Crude Oil Price Predicition, Multip-step-aheand Prediction, Support Vector Regression, Time Sereis Modeling

Yukun Bao; Yunfei Yang; Tao Xiong; Jinlong Zhang

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Oil and Oil Derivatives Compliance Requirements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... for international connection of oiled residues discharge ... C to + 163C, fuels, lubricating oils and hydraulic ... fuel of gas turbine, crude oil, lubricating oil ...

2012-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

333

Estimated Cancer Risks Associated with Dermal Exposure to Mineral Oil Containing PCB Concentrations of 50 ppm or Less  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The excess lifetime cancer risks (ELCRs) from dermal exposures to low levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) (that is, 50 ppm or less) in mineral oil were determined for utility workers involved in four different work activities related to mineral oil spill cleanup and the maintenance of breakers and transformers. Two risk calculations were made for each work activity: reasonable maximum exposure (RMaxE) scenarios using conservative to highly conservative parameters and central tendency exposure (CTE...

2011-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

334

Microsoft Word - AMF2_MAGIC_HorizonSpirit_Safety_Appendix.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and free of refuse? Are spills of any type promptly cleaned-up? 2. Are all floor mats flat and placed so they won't cause tripping hazard? 3. Are interior and exterior...

335

Enhanced oil-recovery operatiohs in Kansas 1979  

SciTech Connect

Data for 1552 enhanced oil-recovery (EDR) projects are listed in this report and a map shows their distribution. The majority of the EOR projects fall into the categories of pressure maintenance, dump floods, and controlled waterfloods, which are secondary recovery projects. There are several active tertiary projects and a few inactive projects. Active EOR projects are listed alphebetically by county and field. Data on thickness and depth of oil-producing zones or injection horizons, sources of water, and cumulative figures on oil produced and water injected are included. (DMC)

Paul, S.E.; Bahnmaier, E.L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

A review of large-scale LNG spills : experiment and modeling.  

SciTech Connect

The prediction of the possible hazards associated with the storage and transportation of liquefied natural gas (LNG) by ship has motivated a substantial number of experimental and analytical studies. This paper reviews the experimental and analytical work performed to date on large-scale spills of LNG. Specifically, experiments on the dispersion of LNG, as well as experiments of LNG fires from spills on water and land are reviewed. Explosion, pool boiling, and rapid phase transition (RPT) explosion studies are described and discussed, as well as models used to predict dispersion and thermal hazard distances. Although there have been significant advances in understanding the behavior of LNG spills, technical knowledge gaps to improve hazard prediction are identified. Some of these gaps can be addressed with current modeling and testing capabilities. A discussion of the state of knowledge and recommendations to further improve the understanding of the behavior of LNG spills on water is provided.

Luketa-Hanlin, Anay Josephine

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Long-Range Reconnaissance Imager on New Horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The LOng-Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) is the high resolution imaging instrument for the New Horizons mission to Pluto, its giant satellite Charon, its small moons Nix and Hydra, and the Kuiper Belt, which is the vast region of icy bodies extending roughly from Neptune's orbit out to 50 astronomical units (AU). New Horizons launched on January 19, 2006 as the inaugural mission in NASA's New Frontiers program. LORRI is a narrow angle (field of view=0.29 deg), high resolution (4.95 microrad pixels), Ritchey-Chretien telescope with a 20.8 cm diameter primary mirror, a focal length of 263 cm, and a three lens field-flattening assembly. A 1024 x 1024 pixel (optically active region), thinned, backside-illuminated charge-coupled device (CCD) detector is used in the focal plane unit and is operated in frame transfer mode. LORRI provides panchromatic imaging over a bandpass that extends approximately from 350 nm to 850 nm. LORRI operates in an extreme thermal environment, situated inside the warm spacecraft with a large, open aperture viewing cold space. LORRI has a silicon carbide optical system, designed to maintain focus over the operating temperature range without a focus adjustment mechanism. Moreover, the spacecraft is thruster-stabilized without reaction wheels, placing stringent limits on the available exposure time and the optical throughput needed to satisfy the measurement requirements.

A. F. Cheng; H. A. Weaver; S. J. Conard; M. F. Morgan; O. Barnouin-Jha; J. D. Boldt; K. A. Cooper; E. H. Darlington; M. P. Grey; J. R. Hayes; K. E. Kosakowski; T. Magee; E. Rossano; D. Sampath; C. Schlemm; H. W. Taylor

2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

338

Long-Range Reconnaissance Imager on New Horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The LOng-Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) is the high resolution imaging instrument for the New Horizons mission to Pluto, its giant satellite Charon, its small moons Nix and Hydra, and the Kuiper Belt, which is the vast region of icy bodies extending roughly from Neptune's orbit out to 50 astronomical units (AU). New Horizons launched on January 19, 2006 as the inaugural mission in NASA's New Frontiers program. LORRI is a narrow angle (field of view=0.29 deg), high resolution (4.95 microrad pixels), Ritchey-Chretien telescope with a 20.8 cm diameter primary mirror, a focal length of 263 cm, and a three lens field-flattening assembly. A 1024 x 1024 pixel (optically active region), thinned, backside-illuminated charge-coupled device (CCD) detector is used in the focal plane unit and is operated in frame transfer mode. LORRI provides panchromatic imaging over a bandpass that extends approximately from 350 nm to 850 nm. LORRI operates in an extreme thermal environment, situated inside the warm spacecraft with...

Cheng, A F; Conard, S J; Morgan, M F; Barnouin-Jha, O; Boldt, J D; Cooper, K A; Darlington, E H; Grey, M P; Hayes, J R; Kosakowski, K E; Magee, T; Rossano, E; Sampath, D; Schlemm, C; Taylor, H W

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Radiation of the Inner Horizon of the Reissner-Nordstrm Black Hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite of over thirty years of research of the black hole thermodynamics our understanding of the possible role played by the inner horizons of Reissner-Nordstr\\"om and Kerr-Newman black holes in black hole thermodynamics is still somewhat incomplete: There are derivations which imply that the temperature of the inner horizon is negative and it is not quite clear what this means. Motivated by this problem we perform a detailed analysis of the radiation emitted by the inner horizon of the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black hole. As a result we find that in a maximally extended Reissner-Nordstr\\"om spacetime virtual particle-antiparticle pairs are created at the inner horizon of the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black hole such that real particles with positive energy and temperature are emitted towards the singularity from the inner horizon and, as a consequence, antiparticles with negative energy are radiated away from the singularity through the inner horizon. We show that these antiparticles will come out from the white hole horizon in the maximally extended Reissner-Nordstr\\"om spacetime, at least when the hole is near extremality. The energy spectrum of the antiparticles leads to a positive temperature for the white hole horizon. In other words, our analysis predicts that in addition to the radiation effects of black hole horizons, also the white hole horizon radiates. The black hole radiation is caused by the quantum effects at the outer horizon, whereas the white hole radiation is caused by the quantum effects at the inner horizon of the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black hole.

A. Peltola; J. Makela

2005-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

340

Annular centrifugal contactors as rapid oil-water separation devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of preliminary test to apply devices known as annular centrifugal contactors to the rapid separation of oil-water mixtures are presented. Separation efficiencies of oil from water of >99% have been demonstrated on both light and heavy oils. Equilibrium within the separating zone of the contractor is reached within seconds. Dynamic testing in which water to oil flow ratios of 1:5 and 5:1 have been conducted without loss of performance. The laboratory scaled contactors tested have total throughout of 80 cc/min. The design and construction of larger devices with total throughputs of hundreds of gallons per minute is feasible. Such contactors would be compact units capable of allowing rapid recovery from a broad range of hydrocarbon spills on waterways. The efficiency of these contactors is such that water discharged can be returned directly to the environment. Recovered hydrocarbons may be useful without further refinement. 4 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

Meikrantz, D.H.; Bourne, G.L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Annular centrifugal contactors as rapid oil-water separation devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of preliminary tests to apply devices known as annular centrifugal; contactors to the rapid separation of oil-water mixtures are presented. Separation efficiencies of oil from water of >99% have been demonstrated on both light and heavy oils. Equilibrium within the separating zone of the contactor is reached within seconds. Dynamic testing in which water to oil flow ratios of 1:5 and 5:1 have been conducted without loss of performance. The laboratory scaled contactors tested have total throughput of 80 cc/min. The design and construction of larger devices with total throughputs of hundreds of gallons per minute is feasible. Such contactors would be compact units capable of allowing rapid recovery from a broad range of hydrocarbon spills on waterways. The efficiency of these contactors is such that water discharged can be returned to the environment. Recovered hydrocarbons may be useful without further refinement.

Meikrantz, D.H.; Bourne, G.L.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

SERVO SYSTEM FOR MAGNETIC CONTROLLED CONSTANT INTENSITY FLAT TOP BEAM SPILL- OUT  

SciTech Connect

It is noted that a uniform flat-top beam spill-out cannot be obtained in the Cosmotron by manual control. A servo system is proposed which will control this spill-out by sensing the external beam intensity, and correcting the magnet voltage to keep this intensity constant. This servo must operate through the transfer function of the main ignitron system and the flat-top filter. An analysis of these special transfer functions is presented. (J.R.D.)

Cottingham, J.G.

1961-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

343

Reduced Spill at Hydropower Dams: Opportunities for More Generation and Increased Fish Population  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report indicates that reduction of managed spill at hydropower dams can speed implementation of technologies for fish protection and achieve economic goals. Spill of water over spillways is managed in the Columbia River basin to assist downstream-migrating juvenile salmon, and is generally believed to be the most similar to natural migration, benign and effective passage route; other routes include turbines, intake screens with bypasses, and surface bypasses. However, this belief may be misguided, because spill is becoming recognized as less than natural, with deep intakes below normal migration depths, and likely causing physical damages from severe shear on spillways, high turbulence in tail waters, and collisions with baffle blocks that lead to disorientation and predation. Some spillways induce mortalities comparable to turbines. Spill is expensive in lost generation, and controversial. Fish-passage research is leading to more fish-friendly turbines, screens and bypasses that are more effective and less damaging, and surface bypasses that offer passage of more fish per unit water volume than does spill (leaving more water for generation). Analyses by independent economists demonstrated that goals of increased fish survival over the long term and net gain to the economy can be obtained by selectively reducing spill and diverting some of the income from added power generation to research, development, and installation of fish-passage technologies. Such a plan would selectively reduce spill when and where least damaging to fish, increase electricity generation using the water not spilled and use innovative financing to direct monetary gains to improving fish passage.

Coutant, Charles C [ORNL; Mann, Roger [RMecon, Davis, California; Sale, Michael J [ORNL

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Microsoft PowerPoint - SWPA Transformer Oil Spill Risk Final.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Team Approach A Team Approach A Team Approach SWPA / SPRA / USACE SWPA / SPRA / USACE Marshall Boyken Blake Elliott Rod Shank 2 Project Timeline Project Timeline Team Formed Team Formed - - June 2006 June 2006 Mission Statement & Questionnaire Mission Statement & Questionnaire First Meeting Eufaula First Meeting Eufaula - - Sept 2006 Sept 2006 Second Meeting Table Rock Second Meeting Table Rock - - Dec 2006 Dec 2006 Final SPCC Rule Final SPCC Rule - - Dec 2006 Dec 2006 Question Weighting Question Weighting - - Jan 2007 Jan 2007 Matrix Development Matrix Development Preliminary Results Preliminary Results - - April 2007 April 2007 3 Mission Statement Mission Statement A joint working group of Southwestern Power Resources Association, the United States Department of Energy's

345

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Top Hat Procedure at 4850'...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pledge? Conversation on the Future of the Wind Industry Science Lecture: Talking the Higgs Boson with Dr. Joseph Incandela Bill Gates and Deputy Secretary Poneman Discuss the...

346

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4850' - June 3 2010...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pledge? Conversation on the Future of the Wind Industry Science Lecture: Talking the Higgs Boson with Dr. Joseph Incandela Bill Gates and Deputy Secretary Poneman Discuss the...

347

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4840' - June 3 2010...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pledge? Conversation on the Future of the Wind Industry Science Lecture: Talking the Higgs Boson with Dr. Joseph Incandela Bill Gates and Deputy Secretary Poneman Discuss the...

348

Mass media and alternative coverage of the Exxon Valdez oil spill.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The present study examines the issue of news content and coverage of an environmental disaster in the mass and the alternative media. With the use (more)

Beresford, Margaret B

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Top Hat Procedure at 4850'...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Response & Procedures or Search Energy.gov Search Clear Filters All Videos Secretary Moniz at Town Hall Forum on Departmental Reorganization Data Jam at New York Energy Week...

350

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4840' - June 3 2010...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Response & Procedures or Search Energy.gov Search Clear Filters All Videos Secretary Moniz at Town Hall Forum on Departmental Reorganization Data Jam at New York Energy Week...

351

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4850' - June 3 2010...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Response & Procedures or Search Energy.gov Search Clear Filters All Videos Secretary Moniz at Town Hall Forum on Departmental Reorganization Data Jam at New York Energy Week...

352

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4850' - June 3 2010...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Modified TALON Robot Retrofitting the Streetlights in Boise, Idaho Cutting Electricity Costs in Miami-Dade County, Florida How Energy Efficiency is Adding Jobs in St. Paul,...

353

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Top Hat Procedure at 4850'...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Modified TALON Robot Retrofitting the Streetlights in Boise, Idaho Cutting Electricity Costs in Miami-Dade County, Florida How Energy Efficiency is Adding Jobs in St. Paul,...

354

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4840' - June 3 2010...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Modified TALON Robot Retrofitting the Streetlights in Boise, Idaho Cutting Electricity Costs in Miami-Dade County, Florida How Energy Efficiency is Adding Jobs in St. Paul,...

355

Emergency response planning for railroad transportation related spills of oil or other hazardous materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In December 1984 an unintentional release of poison gas from a chemical plant in Bhopal, India killed over 2,500 people. Thousands of others were injured. Although this material was not in transportation at the time, this accident raised public awareness. Americans began to ask, "What if something similar happened here?" Chemicals with hazardous properties have become part of daily life. Industry, government, and the public have become aware of the need to respond to problems involving hazardous materials. Safe transportation of hazardous materials is very important. Union Pacific Railroad transports more hazardous material shipments than any other carrier. Early on they realized the benefits to having a dedicated team of personnel to respond to incidents involving hazardous materials. In order to remain the safest carrier of these commodities, an emergency response plan utilizing in house response personnel was needed. This document describes how that plan was created and includes a copy of the plan for the Union Pacific Railroad's Settegast Yard in Houston, Texas. Other carriers may use this as a template to establish their own in house response teams or emergency response plans.

Reeder, Geoffrey Benton

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4850' - June 3 2010...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Heat Pumps Why Cool Roofs? Chu at COP-16: Building a Sustainable Energy Future Secretary Chu and the 'Sputnik Moment' New Orleans and Energy Efficiency Prev 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10...

357

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4840' - June 3 2010...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Heat Pumps Why Cool Roofs? Chu at COP-16: Building a Sustainable Energy Future Secretary Chu and the 'Sputnik Moment' New Orleans and Energy Efficiency Prev 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10...

358

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Top Hat Procedure at 4850'...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Heat Pumps Why Cool Roofs? Chu at COP-16: Building a Sustainable Energy Future Secretary Chu and the 'Sputnik Moment' New Orleans and Energy Efficiency Prev 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10...

359

Just oil? The distribution of environmental and social impacts of oil production and consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

YPF Westdeutsche Landesbank Exxon Shell Nigerian Nationalsome perspective, the Exxon-Valdez spill, which released 12to approximately ?ve Exxon-Valdez spills per year. For many

O'Rourke, D; Connolly, S

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

The Origin of Folded Chert Horizons in the Monterey Formation, Lions Head, California.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Small scale folds that deform the chert rich horizons in siliceous facies of the Monterey Formation, in Santa Maria Basin, at Lions Head, California are (more)

Crowther, Derrick D.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Carotenoids & Retinoids; Molecular Aspects and Health IssuesChapter 20 New Horizons in Carotenoid Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carotenoids & Retinoids; Molecular Aspects and Health Issues Chapter 20 New Horizons in Carotenoid Research Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press Downloadable pdf...

362

U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the World Trade Center catastrophe, and the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, as well as all the major hurricanes that may have been caused by the arrival of crude oil product and the associated health risks. The photo analyzed for inorganic and organic chemi- cals, benthic invertebrates, and oil and microorganism

363

WRITTEN STATEMENT OF DAVID WESTERHOLM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wetlands within the contiguous United States (Louisiana alone contains approximately 40 percent wetland loss will be determined by how much oil reaches coastal wetlands, and how long the oil persists RESOURCES AT RISK: THE SHORT AND LONG TERM IMPACTS OF THE DEEPWATER HORIZON OIL SPILL BEFORE THE SUBCOMMITEE

Meyers, Steven D.

364

A new generation of renewable fuels is on the horizon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The lead inventor of a suite of technologies that can be used to convert triglyceride oils from camelina and other plants into renewable fuels and chemicals discusses two process schemes that are nearing commercialization. A new generation of renewable fue

365

Microsoft PowerPoint - Deepwater Horizon Containment - 30 JUN...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

450 500 Cumulative Recovered, Thousands Barrels Cum. LM RP Cap Cum. Q4000 Daily Total Oil Recovered: LMRP Cap + Q4000 (Approximate volumes) Does not include 22,000 barrels...

366

Quantum toy-model escape to Jordan-block horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An an exactly solvable quantum model is found to sample the evolution towards the sudden and complete loss of observability. For the purpose we choose an N-level system. While the time runs from 0 to 1, the process (leading to the collapse) is controlled by a toy-model Hamiltonian H and by a unitary-evolution guaranteeing minimally anisotropic (i.e., unique) Hilbert-space metric. The process of the degeneracy of the real N-plet of energy levels is studied without the usual assumption of adiabaticity. The initial Hamiltonian is diagonal, the initial metric is chosen as identity. Once the system reaches the observability horizon, the metric becomes singular (of rank one) while the end-point Hamiltonian acquires the canonical Jordan-block form (i.e., it loses its diagonalizability). An optimal measure of the distance from the final catastrophe is finally found in a universal, exact formula for the spectrum of the metric.

Miloslav Znojil

2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

367

New Horizons and the Onset of the Pioneer Anomaly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of the radio tracking data from the Pioneer 10/11 spacecraft at distances between about 20 - 70 AU from the Sun has indicated the presence of an unmodeled, small, constant, Doppler blue shift which can be interpreted as a constant acceleration of a_P= (8.74 \\pm 1.33) \\times 10^{-8} cm/s^2 directed approximately {\\it towards} the Sun. In addition, there is early (roughly modeled) data from as close in as 5 AU which indicates there may have been an onset of the anomaly near Saturn. We observe that the data now arriving from the New Horizons mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt could allow a relatively easy, direct experimental test of whether this onset is associated with distance from the Sun (being, for example, an effect of drag on dark matter). We strongly urge that this test be done.

Nieto, Michael Martin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

New Horizons and the Onset of the Pioneer Anomaly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of the radio tracking data from the Pioneer 10/11 spacecraft at distances between about 20 - 70 AU from the Sun has indicated the presence of an unmodeled, small, constant, Doppler blue shift which can be interpreted as a constant acceleration of a_P= (8.74 \\pm 1.33) \\times 10^{-8} cm/s^2 directed approximately towards the Sun. In addition, there is early (roughly modeled) data from as close in as 5 AU which indicates there may have been an onset of the anomaly near Saturn. We observe that the data now arriving from the New Horizons mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt could allow a relatively easy, direct experimental test of whether this onset is associated with distance from the Sun (being, for example, an effect of drag on dark matter). We strongly urge that this test be done.

Michael Martin Nieto

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

369

New Horizons: Anticipated Scientific Investigations at the Pluto System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Horizons spacecraft will achieve a wide range of measurement objectives at the Pluto system, including color and panchromatic maps, 1.25-2.50 micron spectral images for studying surface compositions, and measurements of Pluto's atmosphere (temperatures, composition, hazes, and the escape rate). Additional measurement objectives include topography, surface temperatures, and the solar wind interaction. The fulfillment of these measurement objectives will broaden our understanding of the Pluto system, such as the origin of the Pluto system, the processes operating on the surface, the volatile transport cycle, and the energetics and chemistry of the atmosphere. The mission, payload, and strawman observing sequences have been designed to acheive the NASA-specified measurement objectives and maximize the science return. The planned observations at the Pluto system will extend our knowledge of other objects formed by giant impact (such as the Earth-moon), other objects formed in the outer solar system (such ...

Young, Leslie A; Weaver, Harold A; Bagenal, Fran; Binzel, Richard P; Buratti, Bonnie; Cheng, Andrew F; Cruikshank, Dale; Gladstone, G Randall; Grundy, William M; Hinson, David P; Horanyi, Mihaly; Jennings, Donald E; Linscott, Ivan R; McComas, David J; McKinnon, William B; McNutt, Ralph; Moore, Jeffery M; Murchie, Scott; Porco, Carolyn C; Reitsema, Harold; Reuter, Dennis C; Spencer, John R; Slater, David C; Strobel, Darrell; Summers, Michael E; Tyler, G Leonard

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

State-of-the-art of microbial enhanced oil recovery: a review of the literature  

SciTech Connect

This report is an overview of the literature on enhanced oil recovery (EOR) using microorganisms. Microorganisms can contribute to four major areas of oil technology, three of which relate to EOR: (1) microorganisms, because of their ability to grow rapidly and excrete several types of by-products, are used to manufacture biosurfactants and biopolymers for EOR; (2) microorganisms can be injected in situ to recover residual oil; (3) microorganisms can be used to selectively plug high permeability channels in reservoirs; and (4) microorganisms can be used to remove sulfur or nitrogen from crude oils, to reduce the viscosity of crude oils, and to clean up oil spills. Before either chemical or microbial technology is established, their environmental impacts should be defined. Environmental concerns of microbial EOR (MEOR) technology are presented in this report. The adverse effects of bacteria indigenous to some reservoirs, e.g., the sulfate reducers and certain aerobic bacteria, also are discussed with respect to MEOR processes. 64 references.

Smith, R.J.; Collins, A.G.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Oil reserves  

SciTech Connect

As of March 1988, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve inventory totaled 544.9 million barrels of oil. During the past 6 months the Department of Energy added 11.0 million barrels of crude oil to the SPR. During this period, DOE distributed $208 million from the SPR Petroleum Account. All of the oil was purchased from PEMEX--the Mexican national oil company. In FY 1988, $164 million was appropriated for facilities development and management and $439 million for oil purchases. For FY 1989, DOE proposes to obligate $173 million for facilities development and management and $236 million for oil purchases. DOE plans to postpone all further drawdown exercises involving crude oil movements until their effects on cavern integrity are evaluated. DOE and the Military Sealift Command have made progress in resolving the questions surrounding nearly $500,000 in payments for demurrage charges.

Not Available

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Load on Trough Bellows Following an Argon Spill  

SciTech Connect

In the case of a gross argon spill from the DO detector, the liquid argon is caught in three plenums. These plenums are to be connected by bellows to make a horizontal trough open at one end for removing the argon. The design of these bellows is dependent on the maximum argon load they must carry. Bellows to connect the three argon-catching plenums in the DO detector must be able to carry at least 92 lbs of argon when closed and 231 lbs when open, plus the load due to argon in the convolutions. Examples of such loads and the method for their calculations are contained in the Discussion. It should be noted that a set of assumptions was used in these calculations. First, we considered a uniform channel and uniform flow. Second, we used a value for Manning's n meant for a similar, but not exactly the same, case. Finally, we were forced to define an average depth, d, to be used to state the hydraulic radius, R, and area of flow, A. These facts may warrant consideration in future calculations.

Chess, K.; /Fermilab

1988-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

373

Expedited approach to a carbon tetrachloride spill interim remedial action  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monitored natural attenuation was selected as an interim measure for a carbon tetrachloride spill site where source removal or in situ treatment cannot currently be implemented due to the surrounding infrastructure. Rather than delay action until the site is more accessible to an interim action, this more expedited approach would support a final action. Individual Hazard Substance Site (IHSS) 118.1 is a former underground storage tank at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) that stored carbon tetrachloride for process use. Inadvertent releases associated with filling and failure of the tank system resulted in an accumulation of carbon tetrachloride in a bedrock depression around a group of former process waste tanks. Access to the source of contamination is obstructed by numerous utilities, the process waste tanks, and other components of the site infrastructure that limit the ability to conduct an effective remedial action. A preremedial field investigation was conducted in September 1997 to identify and delineate the extent of the dense nonaqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) in the subsurface. Data collected from the investigation revealed that natural processes might be limiting the migration of contaminants from the source area.

Cowdery, C.; Primrose, A. [Rocky Mountain Remediation Services, LLC, Golden, CO (United States). Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site; Uhland, J. [Kaiser-Hill, LLC, Golden, CO (United States). Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site; Castaneda, N. [Dept. of Energy, Golden, CO (United States). Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Videos and Multimedia from NASA's New Horizons Mission  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

DOE provided the power supply for NASA's New Horizons Mission, a mission to Pluto and Charon, a double-planet system, and the Kuiper Belt. The New Horizons websites provides not only several excellent photo galleries, but a collection of videos, data movies, podcasts, and animations. There are also interviews with the science team.

375

Review and evaluation of contingency plans for oil and hazardous substances in the upper Great Lakes region. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to update and supplement a contingency plan review conducted for the Corps in 1979 by the St. Lawrence-Eastern Ontario Commission for handling oil and hazardous-substance spills on the upper Great Lakes and their connecting channels. Special attention was given to cleanup and control methods described for ice conditions that may exist in the region in winter. The report identifies existing contingency plans in the study area; tabulates amounts, types, and locations of equipment and manpower that exist to implement the plans; describes methods to contain and recover oil in ice conditions; describes spill-mitigation plans and techniques to protect natural resources; describes techniques of deflecting oil in swift flowing waters; and describes disposal plans identified in the contingency plans.

Gundlach, E.R.; Murday, M.; Fanning, W.L.

1986-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

376

Thermodynamical properties of interacting holographic dark energy model with apparent horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have investigated the thermodynamical properties of the universe with dark energy. It is demonstrated that in a universe with spacial curvature the natural choice for IR cutoff could be the apparent horizon radius. We shown that any interaction of pressureless dark matter with holographic dark energy, whose infrared cutoff is set by the apparent horizon radius, implying a constant effective equation of state of dark component in a universe. In addition we found that for the static observer in space, the comoving distance has a faster expansion than the apparent horizon radius with any spatial curvature. We also verify that in some conditions the modified first law of thermodynamics could return to the classic form at apparent horizon for a universe filled with dark energy and dark matter. Besides, the generalized second law of thermodynamics is discussed in a region enclosed by the apparent horizon.

Bin Liu; Xian-Ru Hu; Jian-Bo Deng

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf - Presentation on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Comparing the Depositional Characteristics of the Oil-Shale-Rich Mahogany and R-6 Zones of the Uinta and Piceance Creek Basins Comparing the Depositional Characteristics of the Oil-Shale-Rich Mahogany and R-6 Zones of the Uinta and Piceance Creek Basins Comparing the Depositional Characteristics of the Oil-Shale-Rich Mahogany and R-6 Zones of the Uinta and Piceance Creek Basins Authors: Danielle Lehle and Michael D. Vanden Berg, Utah Geological Survey. Venue: Economic Geology of the Rocky Mountain Region session, May 11, 2009, Geological Society of America-Rocky Mountain Section annual meeting, Orem, Utah, May 11-13, 2009. http://www.geosociety.org/sectdiv/rockymtn/09mtg/index.htm [external site] Abstract: The upper Green River formation’s oil shale deposits located within the Uinta Basin of Utah and the Piceance Creek Basin of Colorado contain remarkably similar stratigraphic sequences despite being separated by the Douglas Creek arch. Individual horizons, as well as individual beds, can be traced for hundreds of miles within and between the two basins. However, changes in the topography-controlled runoff patterns between the basins, as well as changes in localized climate conditions throughout upper Green River time, created significant differences between basin-specific deposits. These variations affected the richness and thickness of each oil shale zone, resulting in basin-specific preferred extraction techniques (i.e., in-situ in Colorado and mining/retort in Utah). Colorado’s oil-shale resource was mapped and quantified by the USGS in the late 1970s, whereas this study is the first attempt at quantifying Utah’s overall resource by specific oil shale horizon. This presentation focuses on the Mahogany zone (MZ) and the stratigraphically lower R-6 zone; subsequent work will define other important horizons.

378

PIA - Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve System (Heating Oil...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve System (Heating Oil) PIA - Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve System (Heating Oil) PIA - Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve System (Heating Oil)...

379

Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 499: Hydrocarbon Spill Site, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This Closure Report (CR) has been prepared for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 499: Hydrocarbon Spill Site, in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO, 1996) and the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP)-approved Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration (SAFER) Plan for CAU 499: Hydrocarbon Spill Site, Tonopah Test Range (TTR), Nevada (US Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office [DOE/NV], 2001). CAU 499 consists of one Corrective Action Site (CAS): RG-25-001-RD24: Radar 24 Diesel Spill Site which is approximately 4.0 kilometers (2.5 miles) southwest of the Area 3 Compound at the end of Avenue 24. The Hydrocarbon Spill Site is a diesel fuel release site that is assumed to have been caused by numerous small historical over-fillings, spills, and leaks from an above-ground storage tank (AST) over a period of approximately 36 years. The tank was located on the east side of Building 24-50 on the TTR.

K. B. Campbell

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Materials Characterization Paper In Support of the Proposed Rulemaking: Identification of Nonhazardous Secondary Materials That Are Solid Waste Used Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EPA defines used oil as any oil that has been refined from crude oil, or any synthetic oil, that has been used and as a result of such use is contaminated by physical or chemical impurities. 1 EPAs criteria for used oil: Origin: Used oil must have been refined from crude oil or made from synthetic materials (i.e., derived from coal, shale, or polymers). Examples of crude-oil derived oils and synthetic oils are motor oil, mineral oil, laminating surface agents, and metal working oils. Thus, animal and vegetable oils are not included. Bottom clean-out from virgin fuel oil storage tanks or virgin oil recovered from a spill, as well as products solely used as cleaning agents or for their solvent properties, and certain petroleum-derived products such as antifreeze and kerosene are also not included. Use: The oil must have been used as a lubricant, coolant, heat (non-contact) transfer fluid, hydraulic fluid, heat transfer fluid or for a similar use. Lubricants include, but are not limited to, used motor oil, metal working lubricants, and emulsions. An example of a hydraulic fluid is transmission fluid. Heat transfer fluids can be materials such as coolants, heating media, refrigeration oils, and electrical insulation oils. Authorized states or regions determine what is considered a similar use on a site-specific basis according to whether the material is used and managed in a manner consistent with Part 279 (e.g., used as a buoyant). Contaminants: The used oil must be contaminated by physical (e.g., high water content, metal shavings, or dirt) or chemical (e.g., lead, halogens, solvents or other hazardous constituents) impurities as a result of use. 2. Annual Quantities of Used Oil Generated and Used

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

What Drives the Oil-Dollar Correlation?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preliminary- comments welcome, please do not quote Oil prices and the US Dollar tend to move together: while the correlation between the WTI spot price and the US Dollar trade-weighted exchange rate has historically uctuated between positive and negative values, it turned persistently negative in recent years. What explains this comovement? This paper investigates the relationship between oil prices and the US Dollar nominal eective exchange rate using a structural model that is fully identied by exploiting the heteroskedasticity in the data, following Rigobon (2003). We control for eects of US and global economic developments on oil prices and exchange rates by including measures of the surprise component of economic news releases. The results indicate that higher oil prices depreciate the Dollar both in the short run and over longer horizons. We also nd that that Dollar depreciation is associated with higher oil prices in the short run. US short-term interest rates explain much of the long-run variation in oil prices and and the Dollar exchange rate.

Christian Grisse

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Building and Fire Publications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... In Situ Burning of Oil Spills Workshop. In Situ Burning of Oil Spills Workshop. ... In Situ Burning of Oil Spills Workshop. Proceedings. ...

383

Characterization of oil and gas reservoir heterogeneity  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the cooperative research program is to characterize Alaskan reservoirs in terms of their reserves, physical and chemical properties, geologic configuration and structure, and the development potential. The tasks completed during this period include: (1) geologic reservoir description of Endicott Field; (2) petrographic characterization of core samples taken from selected stratigraphic horizons of the West Sak and Ugnu (Brookian) wells; (3) development of a polydispersed thermodynamic model for predicting asphaltene equilibria and asphaltene precipitation from crude oil-solvent mixtures, and (4) preliminary geologic description of the Milne Point Unit.

Not Available

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Dark energy, exotic matter and properties of horizons in black hole physics and cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We summarize recent results on the properties of near-horizon metrics in different spherically symmetric space-times, including Kantowski-Sachs cosmological models whose evolution begins with a horizon (the so-called Null Big Bang) and static metrics related to black holes. We describe the types of matter compatible with cosmological and black-hole horizons. It turns out, in particular, that a black hole horizon can be in equilibrium with a fluid of disordered cosmic strings ("black holes can have curly hair"). We also discuss different kinds of horizons from the viewpoint of the behavior of tidal forces acting on an extended body and recently classified as "usual", "naked" and "truly naked" ones; in the latter case, tidal forces are infinite in a freely falling reference frame. It is shown that all truly naked horizons, as well as many of those previously characterized as naked and even usual ones, do not admit an extension and therefore must be considered as singularities. The whole analysis is performed locally (in a neighborhood of a candidate horizon) in a model-independent manner. Finally, the possible importance of some of these models in generating dynamic, perturbatively small vacuum fluctuation contributions to the cosmological constant (within a cosmological Casimir-effect approach to this problem) is discussed.

K. A. Bronnikov; E. Elizalde; O. B. Zaslavskii

2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

385

New Horizons: Anticipated Scientific Investigations at the Pluto System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Horizons spacecraft will achieve a wide range of measurement objectives at the Pluto system, including color and panchromatic maps, 1.25-2.50 micron spectral images for studying surface compositions, and measurements of Pluto's atmosphere (temperatures, composition, hazes, and the escape rate). Additional measurement objectives include topography, surface temperatures, and the solar wind interaction. The fulfillment of these measurement objectives will broaden our understanding of the Pluto system, such as the origin of the Pluto system, the processes operating on the surface, the volatile transport cycle, and the energetics and chemistry of the atmosphere. The mission, payload, and strawman observing sequences have been designed to acheive the NASA-specified measurement objectives and maximize the science return. The planned observations at the Pluto system will extend our knowledge of other objects formed by giant impact (such as the Earth-moon), other objects formed in the outer solar system (such as comets and other icy dwarf planets), other bodies with surfaces in vapor-pressure equilibrium (such as Triton and Mars), and other bodies with N2:CH4 atmospheres (such as Titan, Triton, and the early Earth).

Leslie A. Young; S. Alan Stern; Harold A. Weaver; Fran Bagenal; Richard P. Binzel; Bonnie Buratti; Andrew F. Cheng; Dale Cruikshank; G. Randall Gladstone; William M. Grundy; David P. Hinson; Mihaly Horanyi; Donald E. Jennings; Ivan R. Linscott; David J. McComas; William B. McKinnon; Ralph McNutt; Jeffery M. Moore; Scott Murchie; Carolyn C. Porco; Harold Reitsema; Dennis C. Reuter; John R. Spencer; David C. Slater; Darrell Strobel; Michael E. Summers; G. Leonard Tyler

2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

386

Does the Apparent Horizon Exist in the Sultana-Dyer Space-Time?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sultana-Dyer space-time is suggested as a model to describe a black hole embedded in an expanding universe. Recently, some authors argued that there is a singular surface in the Sultana-Dyer space-time and the surface is covered by an apparent horizon surface. Other authors argued that such an apparent horizon does not exist. Here, by directly calculating the expansions of the radial null vector fields normal to the space-like two-spheres, we find that such an apparent horizon does not exist.

Sun, Cheng-Yi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Accounting for Circumsolar and Horizon Cloud Determination Errors in Sky Image Inferral of Sky Cover  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accounting for Circumsolar and Horizon Cloud Determination Errors in Sky Accounting for Circumsolar and Horizon Cloud Determination Errors in Sky Image Inferral of Sky Cover. C. N. Long, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 1) Introduction In observing the cloudless sky, one can often notice that the area near the sun is whiter and brighter than the rest of the hemisphere. Additionally, even a slight haze will make a large angular area of the horizon whiter and brighter when the sun is low on the horizon. The human eye has an amazing ability to handle a range of light intensity spanning orders of magnitude. But one of the persistent problems in using sky images to infer fractional sky cover is the intensity range limitations of the camera detector. It is desirable to have bright enough images to be able to detect thin clouds, yet this often means the part of the image near the

388

DOE Technology Helps NASA Seek "New Horizons" | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Helps NASA Seek "New Horizons" Technology Helps NASA Seek "New Horizons" DOE Technology Helps NASA Seek "New Horizons" January 19, 2006 - 10:51am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C.-The New Horizons spacecraft, powered by deep space battery technology developed by the Department of Energy's national laboratories, was successfully launched today from Florida's Kennedy Space Center on a 9-1/2 year journey to explore Pluto and its moons. The spacecraft will receive heat and electricity from a long-lasting plutonium-238 powered generator developed and assembled by scientists and engineers at the Idaho, Oak Ridge and Los Alamos National Laboratories. "This is an amazing mission when you think about the time, distance and harsh environment that the spacecraft will encounter," said Secretary of

389

Horizon scanning and the business environment --- the implications for risk management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

'Uncertainty creates winners and losers. Organisations that want to survive have to adapt.' Kees van der Heijden, Professor of General and Strategic Management at the Graduate Business School of Strathclyde University, Glasgow [1].Horizon scanning is ...

D. Brown

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Horizon thermodynamics and gravitational field equations in Horava-Lifshitz gravity  

SciTech Connect

We explore the relationship between the first law of thermodynamics and gravitational field equation at a static, spherically symmetric black hole horizon in Horava-Lifshitz theory with/without detailed balance. It turns out that as in the cases of Einstein gravity and Lovelock gravity, the gravitational field equation can be cast to a form of the first law of thermodynamics at the black hole horizon. This way we obtain the expressions for entropy and mass in terms of black hole horizon, consistent with those from other approaches. We also define a generalized Misner-Sharp energy for static, spherically symmetric spacetimes in Horava-Lifshitz theory. The generalized Misner-Sharp energy is conserved in the case without matter field, and its variation gives the first law of black hole thermodynamics at the black hole horizon.

Cai Ronggen [Key Laboratory of Frontiers in Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2735, Beijing 100190 (China); Department of Physics, Kinki University, Higashi-Osaka, Osaka 577-8502 (Japan); Ohta, Nobuyoshi [Department of Physics, Kinki University, Higashi-Osaka, Osaka 577-8502 (Japan)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

391

Using atmospheric fallout to date organic horizon layers and quantify metal dynamics during decomposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using atmospheric fallout to date organic horizon layers and quantify metal dynamics during- tribution of geochemical tracers from weapons fallout, air pollution, and a direct 207 Pb application at one

Heimsath, Arjun M.

392

The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper belt Mission: An Overview with Historical Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NASAs New Horizons (NH) Pluto-Kuiper belt (PKB) mission was launched on 19 January 2006 on a Jupiter Gravity Assist (JGA) trajectory toward the Pluto system for a 14 July 2015 closest approach; Jupiter

S. Alan Stern A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

File:BOEMRE oil.gas.plant.platform.sta.brbra.map.4.2010.pdf | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

oil.gas.plant.platform.sta.brbra.map.4.2010.pdf oil.gas.plant.platform.sta.brbra.map.4.2010.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Federal Leases in Pacific Ocean, near Santa Barbara Channel Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 234 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Description Federal Leases in Pacific Ocean, near Santa Barbara Channel Sources Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement (BOEMRE) Related Technologies Oil, Natural Gas Creation Date 2010-04 Extent Santa Barbara Channel Countries United States UN Region Northern America States California Locations of oil and separation and treatment plants, oil separation, gas processing, and treatment plants, oil spill response vessels, platforms,

394

Richard Lazarus Named as Executive Director of National Commission on the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Richard Lazarus Named as Executive Director of National Commission Richard Lazarus Named as Executive Director of National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling Richard Lazarus Named as Executive Director of National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling June 22, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - The co-chairs of the bipartisan National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling have selected a highly regarded Georgetown University law professor to serve as the commission's executive director. Richard Lazarus, the Justice William J. Brennan, Jr., Professor of Law at Georgetown, will lead the staff of the commission and work at the direction of co-chairs - former two-term Florida Governor and former U.S. Senator Bob Graham and former Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency

395

Horizon Mechanics and Asymptotic Symmetries with a Immirzi-like Parameter in 2+1 Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Starting with a generalized theory of 2+1 gravity containing an Immirzi like parameter, we derive the modified laws of black hole mechanics using the formalism of weak isolated horizons. Definitions of horizon mass and angular momentum emerge naturally in this framework. We further go on to analyze the asymptotic symmetries, as first discussed by Brown and Henneaux, and analyze their implications in a completely covariant phase space framework.

Rudranil Basu; Ayan Chatterjee

2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

396

Groundwater and Wastewater Remediation Using Agricultural Oils  

agricultural oils to stimulate endogenous microbes which accelerates the cleanup. The oils tested include canola oil, grapeseed oil, coconut oil, corn oil, cottonseed oil, olive oil, palm oil, palm kernel oil, peanut oil, ...

397

Join us in discussions based on research generated to date with a strong focus on what has been learned and what new research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pilley, Vandana Raghunathan, Benjamin Dubansky, and Fernando Galvez 8. Degrada on of BP Crude Oil AuthorsJoin us in discussions based on research generated to date with a strong focus on what has been Consortium (LUMCON) Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Conference: Research from the Four University Consortium

398

Extremal Horizons with Reduced Symmetry: Hyperscaling Violation, Stripes, and a Classification for the Homogeneous Case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Classifying the zero-temperature ground states of quantum field theories with finite charge density is a very interesting problem. Via holography, this problem is mapped to the classification of extremal charged black brane geometries with anti-de Sitter asymptotics. In a recent paper [1], we proposed a Bianchi classification of the extremal near-horizon geometries in five dimensions, in the case where they are homogeneous but, in general, anisotropic. Here, we extend our study in two directions: we show that Bianchi attractors can lead to new phases, and generalize the classification of homogeneous phases in a way suggested by holography. In the first direction, we show that hyperscaling violation can naturally be incorporated into the Bianchi horizons. We also find analytical examples of "striped" horizons. In the second direction, we propose a more complete classification of homogeneous horizon geometries where the natural mathematics involves real four-algebras with three dimensional sub-algebras. This gives rise to a richer set of possible near-horizon geometries, where the holographic radial direction is non-trivially intertwined with field theory spatial coordinates. We find examples of several of the new types in systems consisting of reasonably simple matter sectors coupled to gravity, while arguing that others are forbidden by the Null Energy Condition. Extremal horizons in four dimensions governed by three-algebras or four-algebras are also discussed.

Norihiro Iizuka; Shamit Kachru; Nilay Kundu; Prithvi Narayan; Nilanjan Sircar; Sandip P. Trivedi; Huajia Wang

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

399

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Application of Time-Lapse Seismic Monitoring for the Control and Optimization of CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery Operations Application of Time-Lapse Seismic Monitoring for the Control and Optimization of CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery Operations DE-FC26-04NT15425 Project Goal This project is being conducted in two phases. The objective of the first phase is to characterize the reservoir using advanced evaluation methods in order to assess the potential of a CO2 flood of the target reservoir. This reservoir characterization includes advanced petrophysical, geophysical, geological, reservoir engineering, and reservoir simulation technologies. The objective of the second project phase is to demonstrate the benefits of using advanced seismic methods for the monitoring of the CO2 flood fronts. Performers Schlumberger Data & Consulting Services - Pittsburgh, PA New Horizon Energy - Traverse City, MI

400

PIA - Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve System (Heating Oil...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PIA - Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve System (Heating Oil) PIA - Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve System (Heating Oil) PIA - Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve System (Heating...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

OIl Speculation  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Investor Flows and the 2008 BoomBust in Oil Prices Kenneth J. Singleton 1 August 10, 2011 1 Graduate School of Business, Stanford University, kenneths@stanford.edu. This research...

402

Accord near for offshore California oil shipments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are faint glimmers of hope again for offshore California operators. After more than a decade of often bitter strife over offshore oil and gas development and transportation issues, state officials and oil producers may be moving toward compromise solutions. One such solution may be forthcoming on offshore development. But the real change came with the turnabout of the California Coastal Commission (CCC), which last month approved a permit for interim tankering of crude from Point Arguello oil field in the Santa Barbara Channel to Los Angeles. The dispute over how to ship offshore California crude to market has dragged on since before Point Arguelo development plans were unveiled. The project's status has become a flashpoint in the U.S. debate over resource use and environmental concerns. The controversy flared anew in the wake of the 1989 Exxon Valdez tanker spill off Alaska, when CCC voided a Santa Barbara County permit for interim tankering, a move project operator Chevron Corp. linked to the Exxon Valdez accident. Faced with litigation, the state's economic devastation, and acrimonious debate over transporting California crude, Gov. Pete Wilson and other agencies approved the CCC permit. But there's a catch: A permanent pipeline must be built to handle full production within 3 years. The paper discusses permit concerns, the turnaround decision, the anger of environmental groups, and pipeline proposals.

Not Available

1993-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

403

Crude Oil Exports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Notes: Crude oil exports are restricted to: (1) crude oil derived from fields under the State waters of Alaska's Cook Inlet; (2) Alaskan North Slope crude oil; (3) ...

404

Heavy Oil Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Select Reports from Heavy Oil Projects Project Number Performer Title Heavy Oil Recovery US (NIPERBDM-0225) BDM-Oklahoma, Inc. Feasibility Study of Heavy Oil Recovery in the...

405

3. Crude Oil Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

3. Crude Oil Statistics The United States had 21,371 million barrels of crude oil proved reserves as of December 31, 2004. Crude oil proved reserves ...

406

5 World Oil Trends WORLD OIL TRENDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5 World Oil Trends Chapter 1 WORLD OIL TRENDS INTRODUCTION In considering the outlook for California's petroleum supplies, it is important to give attention to expecta- tions of what the world oil market. Will world oil demand increase and, if so, by how much? How will world oil prices be affected

407

Is the situation and immediate threat to life and health? Spill/Leak/Release Medical Emergency Fire or Flammable Gas Spill/Leak/Release Medical Emergency Fire or Flammable Gas Chemical Odor? Possible Fire / Natural Gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

? Possible Fire / Natural Gas (including chemicals and bio agents") (not including chemicals or bio agents Fire or Flammable Gas Spill/Leak/Release Medical Emergency Fire or Flammable Gas Chemical Odor

408

Enhanced oil-recovery operations in Kansas, 1979. Energy Resources Series 17  

SciTech Connect

Data for 1552 enhanced oil-recovery (EOR) projects are listed in this report and a map shows their distribution. The majority of the EOR projects fall into the categories of pressure maintenance, dump floods, and controlled waterfloods, which are secondary recovery projects. There are several active tertiary projects and a few inactive projects. Active EOR projects are listed alphabetically by county and field. Data on thickness and depth of oil-producing zones or injection horizons, sources of water, and cumulative figures on oil produced and water injected are included. (DMC)

Paul, S.E.; Bahnmaier, E.L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Specialty Oils Laboratory Proficiency Testing Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lab Proficiency Testing provider for Specialty Oils. Samples tested include Walnut Oil, Pecan Oil, Pistachio Oil, Sesame Seed Oil, Flax Seed Oil, Neem Oil, Safflower Oil, Sunflower Oil. Specialty Oils Laboratory Proficiency Testing Program Laboratory Pro

410

Guidance on risk analysis and safety implications of a large liquefied natural gas (LNG) spill over water.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While recognized standards exist for the systematic safety analysis of potential spills or releases from LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) storage terminals and facilities on land, no equivalent set of standards or guidance exists for the evaluation of the safety or consequences from LNG spills over water. Heightened security awareness and energy surety issues have increased industry's and the public's attention to these activities. The report reviews several existing studies of LNG spills with respect to their assumptions, inputs, models, and experimental data. Based on this review and further analysis, the report provides guidance on the appropriateness of models, assumptions, and risk management to address public safety and property relative to a potential LNG spill over water.

Wellman, Gerald William; Melof, Brian Matthew; Luketa-Hanlin, Anay Josephine; Hightower, Marion Michael; Covan, John Morgan; Gritzo, Louis Alan; Irwin, Michael James; Kaneshige, Michael Jiro; Morrow, Charles W.

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Green Investment Horizons: Effects of Policy on the Market for Building  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Investment Horizons: Effects of Policy on the Market for Building Green Investment Horizons: Effects of Policy on the Market for Building Energy Efficiency Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Green Investment Horizons: Effects of Policy on the Market for Building Energy Efficiency Technologies Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: pdf.wri.org/working_papers/green_investment_horizons.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/green-investment-horizons-effects-pol Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Financial Incentives,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Demonstration & Implementation Regulations: "Building Codes,Emissions Standards,Energy Standards" is not in the list of possible values (Agriculture Efficiency Requirements, Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling, Audit Requirements, Building Certification, Building Codes, Cost Recovery/Allocation, Emissions Mitigation Scheme, Emissions Standards, Enabling Legislation, Energy Standards, Feebates, Feed-in Tariffs, Fuel Efficiency Standards, Incandescent Phase-Out, Mandates/Targets, Net Metering & Interconnection, Resource Integration Planning, Safety Standards, Upgrade Requirements, Utility/Electricity Service Costs) for this property.

412

Thermodynamics of interacting holographic dark energy with apparent horizon as an IR cutoff  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As soon as an interaction between holographic dark energy and dark matter is taken into account, the identification of IR cutoff with Hubble radius $H^{-1}$, in flat universe, can simultaneously drive accelerated expansion and solve the coincidence problem. Based on this, we demonstrate that in a non-flat universe the natural choice for IR cutoff could be the apparent horizon radius, $\\tilde{r}_A={1}/{\\sqrt{H^2+k/a^2}}$. We show that any interaction of dark matter with holographic dark energy, whose infrared cutoff is set by the apparent horizon radius, implies an accelerated expansion and a constant ratio of the energy densities of both components thus solving the coincidence problem. We also verify that for a universe filled with dark energy and dark matter the Friedmann equation can be written in the form of the modified first law of thermodynamics, $dE=T_hdS_h+WdV$, at apparent horizon. In addition, the generalized second law of thermodynamics is fulfilled in a region enclosed by the apparent horizon. These results hold regardless of the specific form of dark energy and interaction term. Our study might reveal that in an accelerating universe with spatial curvature, the apparent horizon is a physical boundary from the thermodynamical point of view.

Ahmad Sheykhi

2009-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

413

Oil | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oil Oil Oil Prices, 2000-2008 For the first time since 1995, U.S. oil production has surpassed imports. Explore the trend with our interactive chart. |...

414

Comparative Analysis of Microbial Community Composition Throughout Three Perennially Ice-Covered Lake Systems in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica and its Relationship With Lake Geochemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ecosystem response to the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Scienceresolve accidents like the Exxon Valdez oil spill (Peterson

Foo, Wilson

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

of oil yields from enhanced oil recovery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

oil yields from enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and CO oil yields from enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and CO 2 storage capacity in depleted oil reservoirs. The primary goal of the project is to demonstrate that remaining oil can be economically produced using CO 2 -EOR technology in untested areas of the United States. The Citronelle Field appears to be an ideal site for concurrent CO 2 storage and EOR because the field is composed of sandstone reservoirs

416

EIA Oil price timeline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, ... Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions.

417

A note on the quantization of a multi-horizon black hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the quasinormal spectrum of a charged scalar field in the (charged) Reissner-Nordstrom spacetime, which has two horizons. The spectrum is characterized by two distinct families of asymptotic resonances. We suggest and demonstrate the according to Bohr's correspondence principle and in agreement with the Bekenstein-Mukhanov quantization scheme, one of these resonances corresponds to a fundamental change of Delta A=4hbar ln2 in the surface area of the black-hole outer horizon. The second asymptotic resonance is associated with a fundamental change of Delta Atot=4hbar ln3 in the total area of the black hole (in the sum of the surface areas of the inner and outer horizons), in accordance with a suggestion of Makela and Repo.

Hod, Shahar

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

A note on the quantization of a multi-horizon black hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the quasinormal spectrum of a charged scalar field in the (charged) Reissner-Nordstrom spacetime, which has two horizons. The spectrum is characterized by two distinct families of asymptotic resonances. We suggest and demonstrate the according to Bohr's correspondence principle and in agreement with the Bekenstein-Mukhanov quantization scheme, one of these resonances corresponds to a fundamental change of Delta A=4hbar ln2 in the surface area of the black-hole outer horizon. The second asymptotic resonance is associated with a fundamental change of Delta Atot=4hbar ln3 in the total area of the black hole (in the sum of the surface areas of the inner and outer horizons), in accordance with a suggestion of Makela and Repo.

Shahar Hod

2007-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

419

Lagrangian kinematics of steep waves up to the inception of a spilling breaker  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Horizontal Lagrangian velocities and accelerations at the surface of steep water-waves are studied by Particle Tracking Velocimetry (PTV) for gradually increasing crest heights up to the inception of a spilling breaker. Localized steep waves are excited using wavemaker-generated Peregrine breather-type wave trains. Actual crest and phase velocities are estimated from video recorded sequences of the instantaneous wave shape as well as from surface elevation measurements by wave gauges. Effects of nonlinearity and spectral width on phase velocity, as well as relation between the phase velocity and crest propagation speed are discussed. The inception of a spilling breaker is associated with the horizontal velocity of water particles at the crest attaining that of the crest, thus confirming the kinematic criterion for inception of breaking.

Shemer, Lev

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Vaporization, dispersion, and radiant fluxes from LPG spills. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect

Both burning and non-burning spills of LPG (primarily propane) were studied. Vaporization rates for propane spills on soil, concrete, insulating concrete, asphalt, sod, wood, and polymer foams were measured. Thermal conductivity, heat transfer coefficients, and steady state vaporization rates were determined. Vapor concentrations were measured downwind of open propane pools and a Gaussian dispersion model modified for area sources provided a good correlation of measured concentrations. Emitted and incident radiant fluxes from propane fires were measured. Simplified flame radiation models were adequate for predicting radiant fluxes. Tests in which propane was sprayed into the air showed that at moderately high spray rates all the propane flashed to vapor or atomized; no liquid collected on the ground.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Contingent Valuation: A User's Guide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Values Resulting From the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill, report toassessments such as the Exxon Valdez oil spill (13), thepassive use, harm from the Exxon Valdez spill to households

Carson, Richard T

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve System Heating Oil, PIA Office...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve System Heating Oil, PIA Office of Fossil Energy Headquaters Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve System Heating Oil, PIA Office of Fossil Energy...

423

Vsd Oil Free Compressor, Vsd Oil Free Compressor Products, Vsd ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Vsd Oil Free Compressor, You Can Buy Various High Quality Vsd Oil Free Compressor Products from Global Vsd Oil Free Compressor Suppliers and Vsd Oil ...

424

DOE Joint Genome Institute: Waves of Berkeley Lab Responders Deploy Omics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1, 2012 1, 2012 Waves of Berkeley Lab Responders Deploy Omics to Track Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Cleanup Microbes In the aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico two years ago, various strategies were deployed to prevent 4.9 million barrels of light crude oil from fouling the waters and reaching the shores. A team of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) researchers found that nature also played a role in the dispersal process as marine microbial communities responded to the oil plume that made its way from the wellhead at a depth of 5,000 feet to the surface of the water. "There was oil on the surface and oil below, but no oil in between," said microbial ecologist Terry Hazen, former head of the Ecology Department

425

OIl Speculation  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Investor Investor Flows and the 2008 Boom/Bust in Oil Prices Kenneth J. Singleton 1 August 10, 2011 1 Graduate School of Business, Stanford University, kenneths@stanford.edu. This research is the outgrowth of a survey paper I prepared for the Air Transport Association of America. I am grateful to Kristoffer Laursen for research assistance and to Kristoffer and Stefan Nagel for their comments. Abstract This paper explores the impact of investor flows and financial market conditions on returns in crude-oil futures markets. I begin by arguing that informational frictions and the associated speculative activity may induce prices to drift away from "fundamental" values and show increased volatility. This is followed by a discussion of the interplay between imperfect infor- mation about real economic activity, including supply, demand, and inventory accumulation, and speculative

426

Risk Reduction and Soil Ecosystem Restoration in an Active Oil Producing Area in an Ecologically Sensitive Setting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The empowerment of small independent oil and gas producers to solve their own remediation problems will result in greater environmental compliance and more effective protection of the environment as well as making small producers more self-reliant. In Chapter 1 we report on the effectiveness of a low-cost method of remediation of a combined spill of crude oil and brine in the Tallgrass Prairie Preserve in Osage County, OK. Specifically, we have used hay and fertilizer as amendments for remediation of both the oil and the brine. No gypsum was used. Three spills of crude oil plus produced water brine were treated with combinations of ripping, fertilizers and hay, and a downslope interception trench in an effort to demonstrate an inexpensive, easily implemented, and effective remediation plan. There was no statistically significant effect of treatment on the biodegradation of crude oil. However, TPH reduction clearly proceeded in the presence of brine contamination. The average TPH half-life considering all impacted sites was 267 days. The combination of hay addition, ripping, and a downslope interception trench was superior to hay addition with ripping, or ripping plus an interception trench in terms of rates of sodium and chloride leaching from the impacted sites. Reductions in salt inventories (36 months) were 73% in the site with hay addition, ripping and an interception trench, 40% in the site with hay addition and ripping only, and < 3% in the site with ripping and an interception trench.

Kerry L. Sublette; Greg Thoma; Kathleen Duncan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Tracking Hurricane Claudette with the U.S. Air Force Over-the-Horizon Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hurricane Claudette was successfully tracked for three days using the 2-s (7 m) surface wave direction field mapped by the U.S. Air Force OTH-B over-the-horizon radar 2400 km away on the coast of Maine. Inflow and fine structure of the surface ...

T. M. Georges; J. A. Harlan; L. R. Meyer; R. G. Peer

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Multi-horizon solar radiation forecasting for Mediterranean locations using time series models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Considering the grid manager's point of view, needs in terms of prediction of intermittent energy like the photovoltaic resource can be distinguished according to the considered horizon: following days (d+1, d+2 and d+3), next day by hourly step (h+24), next hour (h+1) and next few minutes (m+5 e.g.). Through this work, we have identified methodologies using time series models for the prediction horizon of global radiation and photovoltaic power. What we present here is a comparison of different predictors developed and tested to propose a hierarchy. For horizons d+1 and h+1, without advanced ad hoc time series pre-processing (stationarity) we find it is not easy to differentiate between autoregressive moving average (ARMA) and multilayer perceptron (MLP). However we observed that using exogenous variables improves significantly the results for MLP . We have shown that the MLP were more adapted for horizons h+24 and m+5. In summary, our results are complementary and improve the existing prediction techniques ...

Voyant, Cyril; Muselli, Marc; Nivet, Marie Laure

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Application of Over-the-Horizon Radar Observations to Synoptic and Mesoanalysis over the Atlantic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over-the-horizon (OTH) radar observations of surface wind direction offer a high-resolution (15 km) resource for synoptic and mesoscale wind field analysis. With horizontal resolution at the lower end of the mesoscale and areal coverage in the ...

G. S. Young; J. A. Harlan; T. M. Georges

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

The stability of Killing-Cauchy horizons in colliding plane wave space-times  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is confirmed rigorously that the Killing-Cauchy horizons, which sometimes occur in space-times representing the collision and subsequent interaction of plane gravitational waves in a Minkowski background, are unstable with respect to bounded perturbations of the initial waves, at least for the case in which the initial waves have constant aligned polarizations.

J. B. Griffiths

2005-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

431

Changes in the African monsoon region at medium-term time horizon using 12 AR4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Changes in the African monsoon region at medium-term time horizon using 12 AR4 coupled models.58 ° in mean) and a southward shift in 6 /11 models in the western region (-0.24°) is observed. African monsoon of land compared to oceans, which would be responsible for driving a stronger monsoonal flow inland

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

432

Scalar-tetradic theory A: The Birkhoff theorem: Horizons and singularities  

SciTech Connect

In a recent paper a unique solution of the field equations of theory A, describing the outer field of the sun, has been obtained for each value of the coupling constant W. Here, this solution is studied in detail for any possible value of W (horizons, singularities,. . .) and the Birkhoff theorem is proved in the framework of theory A.

Saez, D.; Arnau, J.V.

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Areas of the Event Horizon and Stationary Limit Surface for a Kerr Black Hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an elementary evaluation of the surface areas of the event horizon and stationary limit surface for an uncharged Kerr black hole. The latter appears not to have been previously given in the literature, and permits us to suggest new geometrical / physical interpretations of these areas.

Pickett, C A

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Blue Horizons Study Assesses Future Capabilities and Technologies for the United States Air Force  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of the Blue Horizons study was to determine the capabilities and technologies in which the United States Air Force would need to invest to maintain dominant air, space, and cyberspace capabilities in the year 2030. The study used two methodologies, ... Keywords: decision analysis, defense, multiple criteria, research and development, scenarios, technology, uncertainty

John P. Geis; Gregory S. Parnell; Harry Newton; Terry Bresnick

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Blazing Cerenkov Flashes at the Horizons by Cosmic Rays and Neutrinos Induced Air-Showers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Energy Cosmic Rays (C.R.) versus Neutrino and Neutralino induced Air-Shower maybe tested at Horizons by their muons, gamma and Cerenkov blazing signals. Inclined and Horizontal C.R. Showers (70-90 zenith angle) produce secondary (gamma, e+, e-) mostly suppressed by high column atmosphere depth. Earliest shower Cherenkov photons are diluted by large distances and by air opacity, while secondary penetrating muons and their successive decay into electrons and gamma, may revive additional Cerenkov lights. GeVs gamma telescopes at the top of the mountains or in Space may detect at horizons PeVs up to EeV C.R. and their secondaries. Details on arrival angle and column depth, shower shape, timing signature of photon flash intensity, may inform us on the altitude interaction and primary UHECR composition. Below the horizons, at zenith angle among copious single albedo muons, rare up-going showers traced by muon bundles would give evidence of rare tau Earth-Skimming neutrinos, at EeVs energies. Their rate may be comparable with 6.3 PeVs anti-neutrino electron induced air-shower (mostly hadronic) originated above and also below horizons, in interposed atmosphere by W resonance at Glashow peak. Additional and complementary UHE SUSY neutralinos at tens PeVs-EeV energy may blaze, by its characteristic electromagnetic signature. Their secondary shower blazing Cerenkov lights and distances might be disentangled from UHECR by Stereoscopic Telescopes such as Magic ones or Hess array experiment. The horizontal detection sensitivity of Magic in the present set up (if totally devoted to the Horizons Shower search) maybe already be comparable to AMANDA underground neutrino detector at PeVs energies.

D. Fargion

2004-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

436

Oil price; oil demand shocks; oil supply shocks; dynamic effects.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Using a newly developed measure of global real economic activity, a structural decomposition of the real price of crude oil in four components is proposed: oil supply shocks driven by political events in OPEC countries; other oil supply shocks; aggregate shocks to the demand for industrial commodities; and demand shocks that are specific to the crude oil market. The latter shock is designed to capture shifts in the price of oil driven by higher precautionary demand associated with fears about future oil supplies. The paper quantifies the magnitude and timing of these shocks, their dynamic effects on the real price of oil and their relative importance in determining the real price of oil during 1975-2005. The analysis sheds light on the origin of the observed fluctuations in oil prices, in particular during oil price shocks. For example, it helps gauge the relative importance of these shocks in the build-up of the real price of crude oil since the late 1990s. Distinguishing between the sources of higher oil prices is shown to be crucial in assessing the effect of higher oil prices on U.S. real GDP and CPI inflation, suggesting that policies aimed at dealing with higher oil prices must take careful account of the origins of higher oil prices. The paper also quantifies the extent to which the macroeconomic performance of the U.S. since the mid-1970s has been driven by the external economic shocks driving the real price of oil as opposed to domestic economic factors and policies. Key words: JEL:

Lutz Kilian

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Field Instruments for Real Time In-Situ Crude Oil Concentration Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Texas Water Resources Institute awarded a Mill Scholarship to M.C. Sterling, Jr in 2002. This project describes five sensors for rapid monitoring of crude oil concentrations in an aquatic system. These measurements are critical for monitoring plume transport. They are also useful for estimating polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) exposure concentrations as a component of toxicity risk assessments. A submersible multi-angle laser scattering instrument (LISST-100, Sequoia Instruments), an ex-situ single wavelength fluorometer (AU-10 field fluorometer, Turner Designs), an in-situ single wavelength fluorometer (Flashlamp, WET Labs), and two in-situ multiple wavelength fluorometers (ECO-FL3 and SAFire, WET Labs) are evaluated for sensitivity and bias. For each instrument, a brief discussion of its operating principles is presented. Crude oil emulsions of various concentrations were analyzed using the above instruments. The implications of potential interferences and instrument limits are discussed relative to their importance for real time monitoring of crude oil spills.

Fuller, C. B.; Bonner, J. S.; Page, C. A.; Arrambide, G.; Sterling Jr., M. C.; Ojo, T.

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

World Production of Crude Oil, NGPL, and Other Liquids, andWorld Production of Crude Oil, NGPL, and Other Liquids, andProduction of Crude Oil, NGPL, and Other Liquids, and Re?

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004. OPECs Optimal Crude Oil Price, Energy Policy 32(2),Figure 3. Price of crude oil contract maturing December ofbarrels per day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Reduce Oil Dependence Costs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reduce Oil Dependence Costs U.S. Petroleum Use, 1970-2010 Nearly 40% of the oil we use is imported, costing us roughly 300 billion annually. Increased domestic oil production from...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

China's Global Oil Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

interpretations of Chinas foreign oil strategy. Argumentsof aspects of Chinas foreign oil activities, they do notits largest directly-run foreign oil project. Supplying 10

Thomas, Bryan G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural Gas, Heating Oil and Gasoline, NBER Working Paper.2006. Chinas Growing Demand for Oil and Its Impact on U.S.and Income on Energy and Oil Demand, Energy Journal 23(1),

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

China's Global Oil Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Michael T. Klare, Blood and Oil: The Dangers of AmericasDowns and Jeffrey A. Bader, Oil-Hungry China Belongs at BigChina, Africa, and Oil, (Council on Foreign Relations,

Thomas, Bryan G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the residual quantity of oil that never gets produced.order to purchase a quantity Q barrels of oil at a price P tD t Q t Q t+1 Quantity Figure 5. Monthly oil production for

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

China's Global Oil Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is an important oil source for China, yet unlike itsthe United States as a major oil source outside the volatileto be a critical source of oil, and one that is almost

Thomas, Bryan G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004. OPECs Optimal Crude Oil Price, Energy Policy 32(2),percent change in real oil price. Figure 3. Price of crude023 Understanding Crude Oil Prices James D. Hamilton June

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

China's Global Oil Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nations began to seek out oil reserves around the world. 3on the limited global oil reserves and spiking prices. Manyto the largest proven oil reserves, making up 61 percent of

Thomas, Bryan G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Modelling of a captive unmanned aerial system teledetecting oil pollution on sea surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent major oil-spills were tracked using observations with sufficient altitudes over the sea surface, to detect oil slick locations. For oil-spill responders, we propose a captive Unmanned Aerial System, UAS acting like a periscope over a ship or supply vessel. The system is composed of an umbilical deployed from ship deck, and there are few studies that have examined elasticity within cable dynamic during take-off or landing (TOL) and normal flight phases. Therefore, the safest approach for the control-commands of the system is through umbilical dynamic modelling. We give a time-dependant finite-element formulation, using improved elastic non-linear cable elements. Two kinds of boundary condition, natural or essential, are discussed for roll-in or roll-out of the umbilical. A numerical convergence and a validation with an exact solution are provided, using two examples for the flight parameters. Finally, sensitivity of the model potentially extends its capacity for the system equilibrium prediction, under ...

Muttin, Frdric

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration Plan for Corrective Action Unit 499: Hydrocarbon Spill Site, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration (SAFER) plan addresses the action necessary for the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 499, Hydrocarbon Spill Site, Tonopah Test Range (TTR). This CAU is currently listed in Appendix III of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) (FFACO, 1996). CAU 499 is located on the TTR and consists of the following single Corrective Action Site (CAS) (Figure 1): CAS RG-25-001-RD24 - Radar 24 Diesel Spill Site is a diesel fuel release site that is assumed to have been cased by numerous small historical over fillings, spills and leaks from an above-ground storage tank (AST) over a period of 36 years. The tank was located on the north side of Building 24-50 on the TTR approximately 4.0 kilometers (2.5 miles) southwest of the Area 3 Compound at the end of the Avenue 24.

T. M. Fitzmaurice

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

China's Global Oil Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chinas domestic oil supply will peak, and demand Robertpeak will come around 2020, 24 and that by this point, Chinas demand Oil

Thomas, Bryan G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5. Monthly oil production for Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait, inday. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq Kuwait Figure 6.Arabia PRODUCTION QUOTA Iran PRODUCTION QUOTA Venezuela

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Dynamic Underground Stripping: In situ steam sweeping and electrical heating to remediate a deep hydrocarbon spill  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dynamic Underground Stripping is a combination of in situ steam injection, electrical resistance heating, and fluid extraction for rapid removal and recovery of subsurface contaminants such as solvents or fuels. Underground imaging and other measurement techniques monitor the system in situ for process control. Field tests at a deep gasoline spill at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory recovered over 7000 gallons of gasoline during several months of field operations. Preliminary analysis of system cost and performance indicate that Dynamic Underground Stripping compares favorably with conventional pump-and-treat and vacuum extraction schemes for removing non-aqueous phase liquids such as gasoline from deep subsurface plumes.

Yow, J.L. Jr.; Aines, R.D.; Newmark, R.L.; Udell, K.S.; Ziagos, J.P.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Why aren't pigeon guillemots in Prince William Sound, Alaska recovering from the Exxon Valdez oil spill?.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Pigeon Guillemot (Cepphus columba) is now the only species of marine bird in Prince William Sound (PWS), Alaska that is listed as "not recovering" (more)

[No author

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Crude Oil Affects Gasoline Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude Oil Affects Gasoline Prices. WTI Crude Oil Price. Retail Gasoline Price. Source: Energy Information Administration

455

Biochemically enhanced oil recovery and oil treatment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to the preparation of new, modified organisms, through challenge growth processes, that are viable in the extreme temperature, pressure and pH conditions and salt concentrations of an oil reservoir and that are suitable for use in microbial enhanced oil recovery. The modified microorganisms of the present invention are used to enhance oil recovery and remove sulfur compounds and metals from the crude oil.

Premuzic, Eugene T. (East Moriches, NY); Lin, Mow (Rocky Point, NY)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Biochemically enhanced oil recovery and oil treatment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to the preparation of new, modified organisms, through challenge growth processes, that are viable in the extreme temperature, pressure and pH conditions and salt concentrations of an oil reservoir and that are suitable for use in microbial enhanced oil recovery. The modified microorganisms of the present invention are used to enhance oil recovery and remove sulfur compounds and metals from the crude oil. 62 figures.

Premuzic, E.T.; Lin, M.

1994-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

457

Executive Summary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Mississippi Canyon 252/Deepwater Horizon (MS252) oil spill has resulted in an extraordinary and complex scientific effort. The Department of the Interior (DOI) is a critical partner in the overall federal governments scientific response. The DOI established a small Strategic Sciences Working Group. The Working Group has several tasks:

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Aggregation and transport kinetics of crude oil and sediment in estuarine waters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling the transport and fate of spilled crude oil is important for estimating short and long-term toxicity effects in coastal ecosystems. This research project investigates the partitioning of hydrocarbons from a surface crude oil slick, the resurfacing of chemically dispersed crude oil droplets, the suitability of in-situ field instruments for oil and sediment characterization, and the aggregation and settling of dispersed oil and suspended sediments. An initial laboratory study was conducted to investigate apparent hydrocarbon solubility in petroleum/water systems. Mixing shear and initial crude oil layer thickness were related empirically to oil entrainment rate. A model describing hydrocarbons partitioned in colloidal and soluble phases was consistent with experimental data. A second laboratory study was conducted to investigate the influence of coalescence kinetics on mean droplet size and resurfacing rate of chemically dispersed crude oil droplets. Increased mean shear rates resulted in mean droplet diameters and oil resurfacing rates. A third laboratory study was conducted to compare particle size and fractal dimension measurements obtained using a submersible flow cytometer, an electrozone particle counter, and a light scattering particle sizer. Measured particles included latex beads, crude oil, clay, crude oil-clay aggregates, and crude oil-silica aggregates. Tested instruments gave consistent size measurements for all particle systems, suggesting their suitability for sizing marine particles. To describe the aggregation kinetics of oil-sediment systems, a modified Smoluchowski model based on coalesced sphere (CS) assumptions was developed. Observed collision efficiency values (?OBS) were related to collision efficiency values for single particle type systems (?HOMO) and those for two particle type systems (?HET) using a probabilistic approach. For clay and crude oil, ?HOMO values were higher than the ?HOMO value for silica. Clay-oil and silica-oil have similar ?HET values. Thus, crude oil can significantly increase the aggregation rates of noncohesive sediments such as silica. The CS model above was modified to incorporate sediment fractal geometry. The ability of this modified coalesced fractal sphere (mCFS) model to fit experimental data sets was better than that of a coalesced sphere (CS) model. Because of their reduced settling rates, sediments with lower fractal dimension form more aggregate with dispersed oil.

Sterling, Michael Conroy, Jr.

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

DOE Technology Helps NASA Seek "New Horizons"  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

January 19, 2006 January 19, 2006 DOE Technology Helps NASA Seek "New Horizons" WASHINGTON, D.C.-The New Horizons spacecraft, powered by deep space battery technology developed by the Department of Energy's national laboratories, was successfully launched today from Florida's Kennedy Space Center on a 9-1/2 year journey to explore Pluto and its moons. The spacecraft will receive heat and electricity from a long-lasting plutonium-238 powered generator developed and assembled by scientists and engineers at the Idaho, Oak Ridge and Los Alamos National Laboratories. "This is an amazing mission when you think about the time, distance and harsh environment that the spacecraft will encounter," said Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman. "Developing the technology to sustain the

460

New Horizons on the Nuclear Landscape | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Science Highlights » 2012 Science Highlights » 2012 » New Horizons on the Nuclear Landscape Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Funding Opportunities Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) News & Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3613 F: (301) 903-3833 E: sc.np@science.doe.gov More Information » June 2012 New Horizons on the Nuclear Landscape New calculations have quantified the boundaries and uncertainties of the 'chart of the nuclides'-the extended periodic table of all matter. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Image courtesy of University of Tennessee/ORNL

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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461

Expand your horizons! | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Expand your horizons! Expand your horizons! Return to main page Keep up with DOE, U.S. and World Wide government science information by following @ostigov, @sciencegov, and @worldwidescienc on Twitter. Through @ostigov you will learn the latest from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) and the Department of Energy (DOE). Through @sciencegov, get health studies, space, natural disaster and energy efficiency information plus more via the scrolling "Science in the News" headlines from 11 of the Science.gov agencies. In addition, news about additions and changes to the Science.gov website will be announced. Through @worldwidescienc, get information related to more than 80 national and international scientific databases and portals. Whether you use Twitter

462

Microsoft PowerPoint - Deepwater Horizon Containment - 30 JUN.ppt  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Deepwater Horizon Source Control Deepwater Horizon Source Control June 30, 2010 DOE/DOI External Science Advisors On-Site DOI + DOE Labs Team Reach Back to Labs BP + Contractors + Industry Design Key Decisions * Independent Analysis * Information Flow * Integrated Design Reviews * Development of Joint Action Plans * Decision Engagement Analysis Operations Federal & BP Working Relationship Path Forward via Unified Command Strategy and Forward Plan * Run a Safe Operation * Long Term - Relief Wells * Short Term - Containment - Option to Shut-in Well; Test Integrity * Leverage Industry and Government Expertise * Multiple Parallel Options * No Stone Unturned to Minimize Pollution Containment: Early July Capacity 40 - 53 mbd Containment: Offshore Operations Toisa Pisces Loch Rannoch Helix Producer Subsea Manifold Air Can in Moonpool

463

Spherical collapse of a heat conducting fluid in higher dimensions without horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a scenario where the interior spacetime,described by a heat conducting fluid sphere is matched to a Vaidya metric in higher dimensions.Interestingly we get a class of solutions, where following heat radiation the boundary surface collapses without the appearance of an event horizon at any stage and this happens with reasonable properties of matter field.The non-occurrence of a horizon is due to the fact that the rate of mass loss exactly counterbalanced by the fall of boundary radius.Evidently this poses a counter example to the so-called cosmic censorship hypothesis.Two explicit examples of this class of solutions are also given and it is observed that the rate of collapse is delayed with the introduction of extra dimensions.The work extends to higher dimensions our previous investigation in 4D.

A. banerjee; S. Chatterjee

2004-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

464

Spherical collapse of a heat conducting fluid in higher dimensions without horizon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a scenario where the interior spacetime,described by a heat conducting fluid sphere is matched to a Vaidya metric in higher dimensions.Interestingly we get a class of solutions, where following heat radiation the boundary surface collapses without the appearance of an event horizon at any stage and this happens with reasonable properties of matter field.The non-occurrence of a horizon is due to the fact that the rate of mass loss exactly counterbalanced by the fall of boundary radius.Evidently this poses a counter example to the so-called cosmic censorship hypothesis.Two explicit examples of this class of solutions are also given and it is observed that the rate of collapse is delayed with the introduction of extra dimensions.The work extends to higher dimensions our previous investigation in 4D.

Banerjee, A

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

The Pluto Energetic Particle Spectrometer Science Investigation (PEPSSI) on the New Horizons Mission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Pluto Energetic Particle Spectrometer Science Investigation (PEPSSI) comprises the hardware and accompanying science investigation on the New Horizons spacecraft to measure pick-up ions from Pluto's outgassing atmosphere. To the extent that Pluto retains its characteristics similar to those of a "heavy comet" as detected in stellar occultations since the early 1980s, these measurements will characterize the neutral atmosphere of Pluto while providing a consistency check on the atmospheric escape rate at the encounter epoch with that deduced from the atmospheric structure at lower altitudes by the ALICE, REX, and SWAP experiments on New Horizons. In addition, PEPSSI will characterize any extended ionosphere and solar wind interaction while also characterizing the energetic particle environment of Pluto, Charon, and their associated system. First proposed for development for the Pluto Express mission in September 1993, what became the PEPSSI instrument went through a number of development stages to meet the...

McNutt, Ralph L; Gurnee, Reid S; Hill, Matthew E; Cooper, Kim A; Andrews, G Bruce; Keath, Edwin P; Krimigis, Stamatios M; Mitchell, Donald G; Tossman, Barry; Bagenal, Fran; Boldt, John D; Bradley, Walter; Devereux, William S; Ho, George C; Jaskulek, Stephen E; LeFevere, Thomas W; Malcom, Horace; Marcus, Geoffrey A; Hayes, John R; Moore, G Ty; Williams, Bruce D; Wilson, Paul; Brown, L E; Kusterer, M; Vandegriff, J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Ralph: A Visible/Infrared Imager for the New Horizons Pluto/Kuiper Belt Mission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Horizons instrument named Ralph is a visible/near infrared multi-spectral imager and a short wavelength infrared spectral imager. It is one of the core instruments on New Horizons, NASA's first mission to the Pluto/Charon system and the Kuiper Belt. Ralph combines panchromatic and color imaging capabilities with IR imaging spectroscopy. Its primary purpose is to map the surface geology and composition of these objects, but it will also be used for atmospheric studies and to map the surface temperature. It is a compact, low-mass (10.5 kg), power efficient (7.1 W peak), and robust instrument with good sensitivity and excellent imaging characteristics. Other than a door opened once in flight, it has no moving parts. These characteristics and its high degree of redundancy make Ralph ideally suited to this long-duration flyby reconnaissance mission.

Reuter, Dennis C; Scherrer, John; Jennings, Donald E; Baer, James; Hanley, John; Hardaway, Lisa; Lunsford, Allen; McMuldroch, Stuart; Moore, Jeffrey; Olkin, Cathy; Parizek, Robert; Reitsma, Harold; Sabatke, Derek; Spencer, John; Stone, John; Throop, Henry; Van Cleve, Jeffrey; Weigle, Gerald E; Young, Leslie A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Ralph: A Visible/Infrared Imager for the New Horizons Pluto/Kuiper Belt Mission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Horizons instrument named Ralph is a visible/near infrared multi-spectral imager and a short wavelength infrared spectral imager. It is one of the core instruments on New Horizons, NASA's first mission to the Pluto/Charon system and the Kuiper Belt. Ralph combines panchromatic and color imaging capabilities with IR imaging spectroscopy. Its primary purpose is to map the surface geology and composition of these objects, but it will also be used for atmospheric studies and to map the surface temperature. It is a compact, low-mass (10.5 kg), power efficient (7.1 W peak), and robust instrument with good sensitivity and excellent imaging characteristics. Other than a door opened once in flight, it has no moving parts. These characteristics and its high degree of redundancy make Ralph ideally suited to this long-duration flyby reconnaissance mission.

Dennis C. Reuter; S. Alan Stern; John Scherrer; Donald E. Jennings; James Baer; John Hanley; Lisa Hardaway; Allen Lunsford; Stuart McMuldroch; Jeffrey Moore; Cathy Olkin; Robert Parizek; Harold Reitsma; Derek Sabatke; John Spencer; John Stone; Henry Throop; Jeffrey Van Cleve; Gerald E. Weigle; Leslie A. Young

2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

468

The Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) instrument aboard New Horizons. Space Sci. Rev., this volume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. The Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) instrument on New Horizons will measure the interaction between the solar wind and ions created by atmospheric loss from Pluto. These measurements provide a characterization of the total loss rate and allow us to examine the complex plasma interactions at Pluto for the first time. Constrained to fit within minimal resources, SWAP is optimized to make plasma-ion measurements at all rotation angles as the New Horizons spacecraft scans to image Pluto and Charon during the flyby. In order to meet these unique requirements, we combined a cylindrically symmetric retarding potential analyzer (RPA) with small deflectors, a top-hat analyzer, and a redundant/coincidence detection scheme. This configuration allows for highly sensitive measurements and a controllable energy passband at all scan angles of the spacecraft.

D. Mccomas; F. Allegrini; F. Bagenal; P. Delamere; D. Demkee; G. Dunn; H. Elliott; J. Hanley; K. Johnson; J. Langle; G. Miller; S. Pope; M. Reno; B. Rodriguez; N. Schwadron; P. Valek; S. Weidner

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

A disconnect between O horizon and mineral soil carbon - Implications for soil C sequestration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Changing inputs of carbon to soil is one means of potentially increasing carbon sequestration in soils for the purpose of mitigating projected increases in atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations. The effect of manipulations of aboveground carbon input on soil carbon storage was tested in a temperate, deciduous forest in east Tennessee, USA. A 4.5-year experiment included exclusion of aboveground litterfall and supplemental litter additions (three times ambient) in an upland and a valley that differed in soil nitrogen availability. The estimated decomposition rate of the carbon stock in the O horizon was greater in the valley than in the upland due to higher litter quality (i.e., lower C/N ratios). Short-term litter exclusion or addition had no effect on carbon stock in the mineral soil, measured to a depth of 30 cm, or the partitioning of carbon in the mineral soil between particulate- and mineral-associated organic matter. A two-compartment model was used to interpret results from the field experiments. Field data and a sensitivity analysis of the model were consistent with little carbon transfer between the O horizon and the mineral soil. Increasing aboveground carbon input does not appear to be an effective means of promoting carbon sequestration in forest soil at the location of the present study because a disconnect exists in carbon dynamics between O horizon and mineral soil. Factors that directly increase inputs to belowground soil carbon, via roots, or reduce decomposition rates of organic matter are more likely to benefit efforts to increase carbon sequestration in forests where carbon dynamics in the O horizon are uncoupled from the mineral soil.

Garten Jr, Charles T [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Vibration Testing of the Pluto/New Horizons Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator  

SciTech Connect

The Radioisotopic Thermal Generator (RTG) for the Pluto/New Horizons spacecraft was subjected to a flight dynamic acceptance test to demonstrate that it would perform successfully following launch. Seven RTGs of this type had been assembled and tested at Mound, Ohio from 1984 to 1997. This paper chronicles major events in establishing a new vibration test laboratory at the Idaho National Laboratory and the nineteen days of dynamic testing.

Charles D. Griffin

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

ALICE: The Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph aboard the New Horizons Pluto-Kuiper Belt Mission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Horizons ALICE instrument is a lightweight (4.4 kg), low-power (4.4 Watt) imaging spectrograph aboard the New Horizons mission to Pluto/Charon and the Kuiper Belt. Its primary job is to determine the relative abundances of various species in Pluto's atmosphere. ALICE will also be used to search for an atmosphere around Pluto's moon, Charon, as well as the Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) that New Horizons hopes to fly by after Pluto-Charon, and it will make UV surface reflectivity measurements of all of these bodies as well. The instrument incorporates an off-axis telescope feeding a Rowland-circle spectrograph with a 520-1870 angstroms spectral passband, a spectral point spread function of 3-6 angstroms FWHM, and an instantaneous spatial field-of-view that is 6 degrees long. Different input apertures that feed the telescope allow for both airglow and solar occultation observations during the mission. The focal plane detector is an imaging microchannel plate (MCP) double delay-line detector with dual solar-blind opaque photocathodes (KBr and CsI) and a focal surface that matches the instrument's 15-cm diameter Rowland-circle. In what follows, we describe the instrument in greater detail, including descriptions of its ground calibration and initial in flight performance.

S. Alan Stern; David C. Slater; John Scherrer; John Stone; Greg Dirks; Maarten Versteeg; Michael Davis; G. R. Gladstone; Joel Wm. Parker; Leslie A. Young; O. H. W. Siegmund

2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

472

ALICE: The Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph aboard the New Horizons Pluto-Kuiper Belt Mission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Horizons ALICE instrument is a lightweight (4.4 kg), low-power (4.4 Watt) imaging spectrograph aboard the New Horizons mission to Pluto/Charon and the Kuiper Belt. Its primary job is to determine the relative abundances of various species in Pluto's atmosphere. ALICE will also be used to search for an atmosphere around Pluto's moon, Charon, as well as the Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) that New Horizons hopes to fly by after Pluto-Charon, and it will make UV surface reflectivity measurements of all of these bodies as well. The instrument incorporates an off-axis telescope feeding a Rowland-circle spectrograph with a 520-1870 angstroms spectral passband, a spectral point spread function of 3-6 angstroms FWHM, and an instantaneous spatial field-of-view that is 6 degrees long. Different input apertures that feed the telescope allow for both airglow and solar occultation observations during the mission. The focal plane detector is an imaging microchannel plate (MCP) double delay-line detector with dual solar-...

Stern, S Alan; Scherrer, John; Stone, John; Dirks, Greg; Versteeg, Maarten; Davis, Michael; Gladstone, G R; Parker, Joel Wm; Young, Leslie A; Siegmund, O H W

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Eco Oil 4  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This article describes the processes, challenges, and achievements of researching and developing a biobased motor oil.

Brett Earl; Brenda Clark

2009-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

474

Subject is oil shale  

SciTech Connect

The article reviews the current financial, legislative and regulatory problems of oil shale development. 2 refs.

Due, M.J.C.

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Coordinating Inventory Control and Pricing Strategies with Random Demand and Fixed Ordering Cost: the Infinite Horizon Case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze an infinite horizon, single product, periodic review model in which pricing and production/inventory decisions are made simultaneously. Demands in different periods are identically distributed random variables ...

Chen, Xin

476

Oil | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oil Oil Oil Oil Prices, 2000-2008 For the first time since 1995, U.S. oil production has surpassed imports. Explore the trend with our interactive chart. | Graphic by Daniel Wood, Energy Department. For the first time since 1995, U.S. oil production has surpassed imports. Explore the trend with our interactive chart. | Graphic by Daniel Wood, Energy Department. Oil is used for heating and transportation -- most notably, as fuel for gas-powered vehicles. America's dependence on foreign oil has declined in recent years, but oil prices have increased. The Energy Department supports research and policy options to increase our domestic supply of oil while ensuring environmentally sustainable supplies domestically and abroad, and is investing in research, technology and

477

Oil Dependencies and Peak Oil's Effects on Oil Consumption.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? During the year of 2007, the world has experienced historically high oil prices both in nominal and in real terms, which has reopened discussions (more)

Tekin, Josef

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Chemical Spills, Releases, Explosions, Exposures, or Injuries (includes corrosive, reactive, flammable, and toxic chemicals in solid, liquid or gas form)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemical Spills, Releases, Explosions, Exposures, or Injuries (includes corrosive, reactive, flammable, and toxic chemicals in solid, liquid or gas form) EHS Contact: Kate Lumley-Sapanski (kxl3@psu apply: When to Report: · All chemical exposures or explosions requiring medical attention must

Yener, Aylin

479

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Outlook Briefing for the State Heating Oil and Propane Program Conference Asheville, NC Mike Burdette Petroleum Division, Energy ...

480

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table of Contents. Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook. Short-Term World Oil Price Forecast . Price Movements Related to Supply/Demand Balance

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "horizon oil spill" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook Briefing for the State Heating Oil and Propane Program Conference Wilmington, DE by Douglas MacIntyre

482

Vsd Oil Free Air Compressor, Vsd Oil Free Air Compressor ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Vsd Oil Free Air Compressor, You Can Buy Various High Quality Vsd Oil Free Air Compressor Products from Global Vsd Oil Free Air Compressor Suppliers ...

483

Oil Free Vsd Air Compressor, Oil Free Vsd Air Compressor ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Oil Free Vsd Air Compressor, You Can Buy Various High Quality Oil Free Vsd Air Compressor Products from Global Oil Free Vsd Air Compressor Suppliers ...

484

Horizon Wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) does not have regulatory authority specific to wind power development at this time. WDFW is an agency with environmental expertise as provided for through the Washington Administrative Code (WAC) 197-11-920. Comments related to environmental impacts are provided to regulatory authorities through the State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA) Revised Code of Washington (RCW) 43.21C review process.

Cover Photo; Nina Carter; Heath Packard; Lisa Paribello; Craig Dublanko; Dana Peck; Nicole Hughes; Bill Robinson; Robert Kruse; Arlo Corwin; Joe Buchanan; Ted Clausing; Eric Cummins; Travis Nelson; Eric Pentico; Mike Ritter; Jeff Tayer; James Watson; William Weiler; David Mcclure

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Oil-Well Fire Fighting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Oil Well Fire Fighting. NIST fire Research NIST Fire Research 2 Oil Well Fire Fighting RoboCrane Model Oil Well Fire Fighting Working Model.

2011-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

486

AN ENGINE OIL LIFE ALGORITHM.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An oil-life algorithm to calculate the remaining percentage of oil life is presented as a means to determine the right time to change the oil (more)

Bommareddi, Anveshan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Fuel Oil Use in Manufacturing  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

and residual fuel oils. Distillate fuel oil, the lighter product, is also used for heating of homes and commercial buildings. Residual oil is a much denser, heavier product...

488

Chemical and Microbial Characterization of North Slope Viscous Oils to Assess Viscosity Reduction and Enhanced Recovery  

SciTech Connect

A large proportion of Alaska North Slope (ANS) oil exists in the form of viscous deposits, which cannot be produced entirely using conventional methods. Microbially enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) is a promising approach for improving oil recovery for viscous deposits. MEOR can be achieved using either ex situ approaches such as flooding with microbial biosurfactants or injection of exogenous surfactant-producing microbes into the reservoir, or by in situ approaches such as biostimulation of indigenous surfactant-producing microbes in the oil. Experimental work was performed to analyze the potential application of MEOR to the ANS oil fields through both ex situ and in situ approaches. A microbial formulation containing a known biosurfactant-producing strain of Bacillus licheniformis was developed in order to simulate MEOR. Coreflooding experiments were performed to simulate MEOR and quantify the incremental oil recovery. Properties like viscosity, density, and chemical composition of oil were monitored to propose a mechanism for oil recovery. The microbial formulation significantly increased incremental oil recovery, and molecular biological analyses indicated that the strain survived during the shut-in period. The indigenous microflora of ANS heavy oils was investigated to characterize the microbial communities and test for surfactant producers that are potentially useful for biostimulation. Bacteria that reduce the surface tension of aqueous media were isolated from one of the five ANS oils (Milne Point) and from rock oiled by the Exxon Valdez oil spill (EVOS), and may prove valuable for ex situ MEOR strategies. The total bacterial community composition of the six different oils was evaluated using molecular genetic tools, which revealed that each oil tested possessed a unique fingerprint indicating a diverse bacterial community and varied assemblages. Collectively we have demonstrated that there is potential for in situ and ex situ MEOR of ANS oils. Future work should focus on lab and field-scale testing of ex situ MEOR using Bacillus licheniformis as well as the biosurfactant-producing strains we have newly isolated from the Milne Point reservoir and the EVOS environment.

Shirish Patil; Abhijit Dandekar; Mary Beth Leigh

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

489

Oil recovery enhancement from fractured, low permeability reservoirs. Annual report 1990--1991, Part 1  

SciTech Connect

Joint funding by the Department of Energy and the State of Texas has Permitted a three year, multi-disciplinary investigation to enhance oil recovery from a dual porosity, fractured, low matrix permeability oil reservoir to be initiated. The Austin Chalk producing horizon trending thru the median of Texas has been identified as the candidate for analysis. Ultimate primary recovery of oil from the Austin Chalk is very low because of two major technological problems. The commercial oil producing rate is based on the wellbore encountering a significant number of natural fractures. The prediction of the location and frequency of natural fractures at any particular region in the subsurface is problematical at this time, unless extensive and expensive seismic work is conducted. A major portion of the oil remains in the low permeability matrix blocks after depletion because there are no methods currently available to the industry to mobilize this bypassed oil. The following multi-faceted study is aimed to develop new methods to increase oil and gas recovery from the Austin Chalk producing trend. These methods may involve new geological and geophysical interpretation methods, improved ways to study production decline curves or the application of a new enhanced oil recovery technique. The efforts for the second year may be summarized as one of coalescing the initial concepts developed during the initial phase to more in depth analyses. Accomplishments are predicting natural fractures; relating recovery to well-log signatures; development of the EOR imbibition process; mathematical modeling; and field test.

Poston, S.W.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

490

Apparatus for distilling shale oil from oil shale  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An apparatus for distilling shale oil from oil shale comprises: a vertical type distilling furnace which is divided by two vertical partitions each provided with a plurality of vent apertures into an oil shale treating chamber and two gas chambers, said oil shale treating chamber being located between said two gas chambers in said vertical type distilling furnace, said vertical type distilling furnace being further divided by at least one horizontal partition into an oil shale distilling chamber in the lower part thereof and at least one oil shale preheating chamber in the upper part thereof, said oil shale distilling chamber and said oil shale preheating chamber communication with each other through a gap provided at an end of said horizontal partition, an oil shale supplied continuously from an oil shale supply port provided in said oil shale treating chamber at the top thereof into said oil shale treating chamber continuously moving from the oil shale preheating chamber to the oil shale distilling chamber, a high-temperature gas blown into an oil shale distilling chamber passing horizontally through said oil shale in said oil shale treating chamber, thereby said oil shale is preheated in said oil shale preheating chamber, and a gaseous shale oil is distilled from said preheated oil shale in said oil shale distilling chamber; and a separator for separating by liquefaction a gaseous shale oil from a gas containing the gaseous shale oil discharged from the oil shale preheating chamber.

Shishido, T.; Sato, Y.

1984-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

491

Fast Wave Polarization, Charge Horizons and the Time Evolution of Force-Free Magnetospheres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical simulations of force-free, degenerate (ffde)pulsar and black hole magnetospheres are often based on 1-D characteristics. In particular, the plasma wave polarizations that can be propagated along the 1-D characteristics determine the time evolution of the entire system. There are two sets of characteristics,corresponding to the fast and Alfven modes. The fast wave is generally considered to be a transverse light wave, however recently it has been claimed that light-like fast waves can transport a longitudinal electric polarization, $E_{\\parallel}$, at the speed of light. The implication is quite profound if true, namely that the wrong information has been propagated along the fast characteristics in all previous simulations of force-free magnetospheres. It is shown in this Letter that the light-like fast waves must be transverse and previous simulations are valid. This result is demonstrated by means of a fundamental physical principle (associated with the fact that particles cannot flow faster than the speed of light), there exists a charge horizon in ffde magnetospheres. It is shown that the Alfven critical surfaces in a ffde magnetosphere are both charge and particle horizons, i.e. one way membranes that do not permit traversal by charges nor particles anti-directed to the bulk flow. Since the propagation of a discontinuous change in $E_{\\parallel}$ requires a physical surface charge on the wave-face, it is also a one-way membrane for longitudinally polarized waves. Besides justifying previous ffde simulations this result also invalidates previous claims that fast waves can radiate $E_{\\parallel}$ from the event horizon of a black hole.

Brian Punsly

2004-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

492

Reconciling Change in Oi-Horizon Carbon-14 with Mass Loss for an Oak Forest  

SciTech Connect

First-year litter decomposition was estimated for an upland-oak forest ecosystem using enrichment or dilution of the 14C-signature of the Oi-horizon. These isotopically-based mass-loss estimates were contrasted with measured mass-loss rates from past litterbag studies. Mass-loss derived from changes in the 14C-signature of the Oi-horizon suggested mean mass loss over 9 months of 45% which was higher than the corresponding 9-month rate extrapolated from litterbag studies (~35%). Greater mass loss was expected from the isotopic approach because litterbags are known to limit mass loss processes driven by soil macrofauna (e.g., fragmentation and comminution). Although the 14C-isotope approach offers the advantage of being a non-invasive method, it exhibited high variability that undermined its utility as an alternative to routine litterbag mass loss methods. However, the 14C approach measures the residence time of C in the leaf litter, rather than the time it takes for leaves to disappear; hence radiocarbon measures reflect C immobilization and recycling in the microbial pool, and do not necessarily replicate results from litterbag mass loss. The commonly applied two-compartment isotopic mixing model was appropriate for estimating decomposition from isotopic enrichment of near-background soils, but it produced divergent results for isotopic dilution of a multi-layered system with litter cohorts having independent 14C-signatures. This discrepancy suggests that cohort-based models are needed to adequately capture the complex processes involved in carbon transport associated with litter mass-loss. Such models will be crucial for predicting intra- and interannual differences in organic horizon decomposition driven by scenarios of climatic change.

Hanson, Paul J [ORNL; Swanston, Christopher W. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Garten Jr, Charles T [ORNL; Todd Jr, Donald E [ORNL; Trumbore, Susan E. [University of California, Irvine

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Reconciling Change in Oi-Horizon 14C With Mass Loss for an Oak Forest  

SciTech Connect

First-year litter decomposition was estimated for an upland-oak forest ecosystem using enrichment or dilution of the {sup 14}C-signature of the Oi-horizon. These isotopically-based mass-loss estimates were contrasted with measured mass-loss rates from past litterbag studies. Mass-loss derived from changes in the {sup 14}C-signature of the Oi-horizon suggested mean mass loss over 9 months of 45% which was higher than the corresponding 9-month rate extrapolated from litterbag studies ({approx}35%). Greater mass loss was expected from the isotopic approach because litterbags are known to limit mass loss processes driven by soil macrofauna (e.g., fragmentation and comminution). Although the {sup 14}C-isotope approach offers the advantage of being a non-invasive method, it exhibited high variability that undermined its utility as an alternative to routine litterbag mass loss methods. However, the {sup 14}C approach measures the residence time of C in the leaf litter, rather than the time it takes for leaves to disappear; hence radiocarbon measures are subject to C immobilization and recycling in the microbial pool, and do not necessarily reflect results from litterbag mass loss. The commonly applied two-compartment isotopic mixing model was appropriate for estimating decomposition from isotopic enrichment of near-background soils, but it produced divergent results for isotopic dilution of a multi-layered system with litter cohorts having independent {sup 14}C-signatures. This discrepancy suggests that cohort-based models are needed to adequately capture the complex processes involved in carbon transport associated with litter mass-loss. Such models will be crucial for predicting intra- and interannual differences in organic horizon decomposition driven by scenarios of climatic change.

Hanson, P J; Swanston, C W; Garten, Jr., C T; Todd, D E; Trumbore, S E

2005-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

494

Monitoring to detect groundwater problems resulting from enhanced oil recovery. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report develops a four-stage monitoring program to detect groundwater contamination events that may potentially result from enhanced oil recovery (EOR) projects. The monitoring system design is based on a statistical analysis evolving from a series of equations that model subsurface transport of EOR spills. Results of the design include both spatial and frequency monitoring intervals that depend on properties of the local geology and dispersion characteristics of the potential contaminants. Sample results are provided for typical reservoir characteristics. The number of independent variables in the analysis dictate that EOR monitoring systems be designed on a site-specific basis. Sampling designs can be easily formulated to conform to the peculiarities of chosen EOR sites based on data already available from federal and state geological surveys and from oil company statistics.

Beck, R.; Aboba, B.; Miller, D.; Kaklins, I.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Nigeria - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Pipeline sabotage from oil theft and poorly maintained, aging pipelines have caused oil spills. The oil spills have resulted in land, air, and water ...

496

Oil and Gas Supply Module  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Onshore Lower 48 Oil and Gas Supply Submodule, Offshore Oil and Gas Supply Submodule, Oil Shale Supply Submodule, and Alaska Oil and Gas Supply Submodule. A detailed description of...

497

Industrial Uses of Vegetable Oils  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Industrial Uses of Vegetable Oils offers new insights into these important (and growing) products of vegetable oils, while also covering developments in biodegradable grease, vegetable oils-based polyols, and the synthesis of surfactants from vegetable oil

498

Oil and Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oil and Plants Name: Matt Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: If you could please tell me exactly what motor oil (unused) does to plants, and the effects. Does it...

499

China's Global Oil Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

21, 2008. Ying, Wang. China, Venezuela firms to co-developApril 21, China and Venezuela sign oil agreements. Chinaaccessed April 21, Venezuela and China sign oil deal. BBC

Thomas, Bryan G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Palm oil pundit speaks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dorab E. Mistry, director of Godrej International Ltd. in Mumbai, India, spoke about palm oil on March 15, 2010, during the 2010 Annual Convention of the National Institute of Oilseed Products in Palm Springs, California, USA. Palm oil pundit speaks ...