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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

DOE History Timeline | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1991-2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Institutional Origins of DOE Manhattan Project DOE History Timeline The Department of Energy is one of the most...

2

DOE History Timeline | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Timeline Timeline DOE History Timeline DOE History Timeline The Department of Energy is one of the most interesting and diverse agencies in the Federal Government. Activated on October 1, 1977, the twelfth cabinet-level department brought together for the first time within one agency two programmatic traditions that had long coexisted within the Federal establishment: 1) defense responsibilities that included the design, construction, and testing of nuclear weapons dating from the Manhattan Project effort to build the atomic bomb during World War II; and 2) a loosely knit amalgamation of energy-related programs scattered throughout the Federal Government. The intent of the DOE History Timeline is to provide the public with easy access to accurate information about the history of DOE and its predecessor

3

The Manhattan Project National Security History Series  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Manhattan Project National Security History Series 5 Visit our Manhattan Project web site: http://www.cfo.doe.gov/me70/manhattan/index.htm 5 DOE/MA-0002 Revised F. G. Gosling Office of History and Heritage Resources Executive Secretariat Office of Management Department of Energy January 2010 The Manhattan Project National Security History Series 5 National Security History Series Volume I: The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb Volume II: Building the Nuclear Arsenal: Cold War Nuclear Weapons Development and Production, 1946-1989 (in progress) Volume III: Nonproliferation and Stockpile Stewardship: The Nuclear Weapons Complex in the Post-Cold War World (projected) The National Security History Series is a joint project of the Office

4

The Manhattan Project: An Interactive History  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer In a national survey at the turn of the millennium, both journalists and the public ranked the dropping of the atomic bomb and the end of the Second World War as the top news stories of the twentieth-century. The advent of nuclear weapons, made possible by the Manhattan Project, not only helped bring an end to the Second World War-it ushered in the atomic age and determined how the next war, the Cold War, would be fought. The Manhattan Project: An Interactive History is intended to provide a comprehensive overview of the Manhattan Project. Five main topical areas-Events, People, Places, Processes, and Science-are further divided into sub-sections, each with an introductory page and as many as a dozen or more sub-pages. The site is interactive in the sense that it is designed with the flexibility to meet the needs of a variety of users. Those seeking a brief overview of the Manhattan Project, for example, should start with the introductory pages for the eight sub-sections of the Events Section. Users wanting a more in-depth chronological history should read, in order, the fifty-six Events sub-pages. Numerous internal links within the content of the pages allows the reader to easily move from page to page, wherever his or her interests lead. There are thus multiple ways for the user to approach the site. In addition, the Resources Section provides access to a variety of resource materials, including photos, documents, maps, and published histories.

5

President Roosevelt Establishes Manhattan Project | National Nuclear  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Establishes Manhattan Project | National Nuclear Establishes Manhattan Project | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > President Roosevelt Establishes Manhattan Project President Roosevelt Establishes Manhattan Project June 17, 1942 Washington, DC President Roosevelt Establishes Manhattan Project

6

The Manhattan Project | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Manhattan Project The Manhattan Project A brief History of the Manhattan Project: Terrence R. Fehner and F.G. Gosling, The Manhattan Project, 2012, 10 p. The Manhattan...

7

The Manhattan Project | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home The Manhattan Project The Manhattan Project A brief History of the Manhattan Project: Terrence...

8

history timeline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... at the authoritative root zone that mitigates fundamental vulnerabilities and ... 2002 – Online NIST/SEMATECH e-Handbook of Engineering Statistics ...

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

9

EIA Energy Kids - Energy Timelines  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Recycling; History of Energy. Energy Timelines; Famous People; Calculators & Tools Games & Activities. Riddles; Slang; Puzzles; Science Fair Experiments; Field Trips ...

10

MANHATTAN DISTRICT HISTORY PROJECT Y THE LOS ALAMOS PROJECT VOL. I INCEPTION UNTIL AUGUST 1945  

SciTech Connect

THESE TWO VOLUMES CONSTITUTE A RECORD OF THE TECHNICAL, ADMINISTRATIVE , AND POLICY-MAKING ACTIVITIES OF THE LOS ALAMOS PROJECT (PROJECT Y) F ROM ITS INCEPTION UNDER THE MANHATTAN DISTRICT THROUGH THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ATOMIC BOMB (VOL. I), AND DURING THE PERIOD FOLLOWING THE END OF WORLD WAR II UNTIL THE MANHATTAN DISTRICT RELINQUISHED CONTROL TO T HE ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION AS OF JANUARY 1947 (VOL. II). ALTHOUGH SEC URITY REGULATIONS HAVE REQUIRED SOME DELETIONS IN THE ORIGINAL TEXT OF THE TWO VOLUMES, EVERY EFFORT HAS BEEN MADE TO RETAIN THE ORIGINAL LA NGUAGE AND EXPRESSIONS OF THE AUTHORS.

Hawkins, D.

1961-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

MANHATTAN DISTRICT HISTORY PROJECT Y THE LOS ALAMOS PROJECT VOL. II AUGUST 1945 THROUGH DECEMBER 1946  

SciTech Connect

THESE TWO VOLUMES CONSTITUTE A RECORD OF THE TECHNICAL, ADMINISTRATIVE , AND POLICY-MAKING ACTIVITIES OF THE LOS ALAMOS PROJECT (PROJECT Y) F ROM ITS INCEPTION UNDER THE MANHATTAN DISTRICT THROUGH THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ATOMIC BOMB (VOL. I), AND DURING THE PERIOD FOLLOWING THE END OF WORLD WAR II UNTIL THE MANHATTAN DISTRICT RELINQUISHED CONTROL TO T HE ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION AS OF JANUARY 1947 (VOL. II). ALTHOUGH SEC URITY REGULATIONS HAVE REQUIRED SOME DELETIONS IN THE ORIGINAL TEXT OF THE TWO VOLUMES, EVERY EFFORT HAS BEEN MADE TO RETAIN THE ORIGINAL LA NGUGAGE AND EXPERSSIONS OF THE AUTHORS.

Truslow, E. C.; Smith, R. C.

1961-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Manhattan Project Historical Resources  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy has developed and made available to the public--in print, online, and on display--a variety of Manhattan Project historical resources. These include histories, websites,...

13

MANHATTAN PROJECT HISTORICAL RESOURCES  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy has developed and made available to the public--in print, online, and on display--a variety of Manhattan Project historical resources. These include histories, websites,...

14

MANHATTAN PROJECT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy traces its origins to World War II and  the Manhattan Project effort to build the first atomic bomb. As the direct descendent of the Manhattan Engineer District, the...

15

Franklin Timeline  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Timeline Timeline Franklin Timeline This page records a brief timeline of significant events and user environment changes on Franklin. Franklin compute nodes have been upgraded from dual core to quad core from July to October 2008. Apr 30, 2012 Franklin is retired. Apr 5, 19, 27, 2012 Reminder announcements on Franklin retirement schedule. -- Thurs Apr 26, 23:59: Batch system is drained, batch queues are stopped (no jobs will be running at this point) -- Mon Apr 30: Last day to retrieve files from Franklin scratch file systems -- Mon Apr 30, 23:59: User logins are disabled Mar 6, 2012 Announcement on Franklin retirement date set: 04/30/2012. Feb 22, 2012 HW and SW maintenance. Set to default versions: pgi/11.10.0 and xt-mpt/5.3.5. Feb 21, 2012 Update on Franklin earliest retirement date: 4/30/2012.

16

Manhattan Project buildings and facilities at the Hanford Site: A construction history  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document thoroughly examines the role that the Hanford Engineer Works played in the Manhattan project. The historical aspects of the buildings and facilities are characterized. An in depth look at the facilities, including their functions, methods of fabrication and appearance is given for the 100 AREAS, 200 AREAS, 300 AREAS, 500, 800 and 900 AREAS, 600 AREA, 700 AREA, 1100 AREA and temporary construction structures.

Gerber, M.S.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Manhattan Project: Library  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

LIBRARY LIBRARY Resources A number of government publications relating to the Manhattan Project are available either as web pages or as .pdf documents. Cover of the Manhattan Project publication Department of Energy Publications Fehner and Gosling, Origins of the Nevada Test Site Fehner and Gosling, Battlefield of the Cold War: The Nevada Test Site Gosling, Manhattan Project, 1999 Gosling, Manhattan Project, 2010 Harnessed Atom United States Nuclear Tests, 1945-1992 Wahlen, History of 100-B Area Los Alamos National Laboratory Publications Bainbridge, Trinity Fakley, "The British Mission" Hawkins, MDH: Project Y, Vol. 1 Los Alamos: Beginning of an Era, 1943-1945 Malik, Yields of Hiroshima and Nagasaki "Oppenheimer Years" Serber, Los Alamos Primer Truslow, MDH: Project Y, Vol. 2

18

Manhattan Project: Suggested Readings  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SUGGESTED READINGS SUGGESTED READINGS Resources > Readings The literature on the Manhattan Project is extensive. The purpose of this web page is not to catalogue it, but only to suggest a very select few places to start. For more exhaustive lists of secondary works relating to the early history of nuclear energy, consult the bibliographies of the books listed below. Suggested Surveys of the Manhattan Project Gosling, F. G. The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb. DOE/MA-0001; Washington: History Division, Department of Energy, January 1999. An overview history by the Chief Historian of the Department of Energy and the basis for most of the "Events" in this web site. The best short survey for the general reader. Revised with additional photographs in January 2010 as DOE/MA-0002 Revised and available in .pdf format.

19

Manhattan Project: People Images  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

PEOPLE IMAGES PEOPLE IMAGES Resources > Photo Gallery Scroll down to see each of these images individually. The images are: 1. J. Robert Oppenheimer, Enrico Fermi, and Ernest Lawrence (courtesy the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory); 2. Hanford, Washington, workers sending money home (reproduced from the photo insert in F. G. Gosling, The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb (Washington: History Division, Department of Energy, October 2001)); 3. Oppenheimer and Leslie Groves at the Trinity Site, September 1945 (reproduced from the cover of the Office of History and Heritage Resources publication: The Signature Facilities of the Manhattan Project (Washington: History Division, Department of Energy, 2001)); 4. A WAC detachment marching at Oak Ridge, Tennessee, June 1945 (courtesy the Army Corps of Engineers; it is reprinted in Rachel Fermi and Esther Samra, Picturing the Bomb: Photographs from the Secret World of the Manhattan Project (New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., Publishers, 1995), 40);

20

Timeline of Events: 2011 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE History Timeline » DOE History Timeline » Timeline of Events: 2011 Timeline of Events: 2011 June 13, 2011: Building the 21st Century Grid The White House announces new public- and private-sector initiatives designed to accelerate the modernization of the Nation's electric infrastructure, bolster electric-grid innovation. Read more February 3, 2011: Obama and Chu at Penn State President Obama and Secretary Chu tour the Energy Innovation Hub at the Engineering Labs at Penn State University, and the President announces the Better Buildings Initiative. Read more October 25, 2011: Last B53 nuclear bomb dismantled The Department's Pantex Plant outside Amarillo, Texas, celebrates the dismantlement of the last B53 nuclear bomb. Read more Return to Timeline of Events: 2010 Continue to Timeline of Events: 2012

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Timeline | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Visiting PPPL Visiting PPPL History Timeline Fusion Basics DOE and Fusion Links Contract Documents Speakers Bureau Tours News Events Research Education Organization Contact Us Overview Learn More Visiting PPPL History Timeline Fusion Basics DOE and Fusion Links Contract Documents Speakers Bureau Tours Timeline 1951 In March, Lyman Spitzer, Jr. proposes to the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) the construction of a magnetic plasma device to study controlled fusion. On July 1, the AEC approves funding. The research effort becomes part of Project Matterhorn, a classified project studying the hydrogen bomb. Spitzer heads the controlled thermonuclear research section. A former rabbit hutch becomes the initial home for the Project. 1953 Princeton's first research device is the Model A stellarator. Experiments

22

Manhattan Project: The Manhattan Project and the Second World War,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Oak Ridgers celebrate V-J Day THE MANHATTAN PROJECT AND THE SECOND WORLD WAR Oak Ridgers celebrate V-J Day THE MANHATTAN PROJECT AND THE SECOND WORLD WAR (1939-1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the surrender of Japan were the last acts of the Second World War. The most destructive weapon in the history of combat had helped bring an end to the most destructive conflict in human history.

23

NNSA Timeline | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Timeline | National Nuclear Security Administration Timeline | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog NNSA Timeline Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline NNSA Timeline The NNSA was established by Congress in 2000 as a separately organized agency within the U.S. Department of Energy, responsible for the management and security of the nation's nuclear weapons, nuclear nonproliferation,

24

Timeline of Events: 2009 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Operational Management » History » DOE History Timeline » Operational Management » History » DOE History Timeline » Timeline of Events: 2009 Timeline of Events: 2009 February 5, 2009: Obama visits DoE Headquarters President Obama visits DOE's headquarters at the Forrestal building and in remarks to DOE employees discusses energy and the need for swift passage of the economic recovery plan. Read more January 16, 2009: Expansion of Spallation Neutron Source The Department gives its initial approval to begin plans for the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to build a second target station for the Spallation Neutron Source, expanding what is already the world's most powerful pulsed neutron scattering facility. Read more March 23, 2009: Chu at Brookhaven Secretary Chu, during a visit to DOE's Brookhaven National Laboratory,

25

Timeline and updates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Updates Timeline and Updates CDT 1.10 was set to default on Edison November 27, 2013 | 0 Comments During today's maintenance, we upgraded the Cray Developer Toolkit (CDT) version...

26

Pulling History from the Waste Stream: Identification and Collection of Manhattan Project and Cold War Era Artifacts on the Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect

One man?s trash is another man?s treasure. Not everything called ?waste? is meant for the refuse pile. The mission of the Curation Program is at direct odds with the remediation objectives of the Hanford Site. While others are busily tearing down and burying the Site?s physical structures and their associated contents, the Curation Program seeks to preserve the tangible elements of the Site?s history from these structures for future generations before they flow into the waste stream. Under the provisions of a Programmatic Agreement, Cultural Resources staff initiated a project to identify and collect artifacts and archives that have historic or interpretive value in documenting the role of the Hanford Site throughout the Manhattan Project and Cold War Era. The genesis of Hanford?s modern day Curation Program, its evolution over nearly two decades, issues encountered, and lessons learned along the way ? particularly the importance of upper management advocacy, when and how identification efforts should be accomplished, the challenges of working within a radiological setting, and the importance of ?first hand? information ? are presented.

Marceau, Thomas E.; Watson, Thomas L.

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

27

Manhattan Project: Tech Area Gallery  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

TECH AREA GALLERY (LARGE) TECH AREA GALLERY (LARGE) Los Alamos: The Laboratory Resources > Photo Gallery All of the photographs below are of the "Tech Area" at Los Alamos during or shortly after the wartime years. If this page is taking a long time to load, click here for a photo gallery with smaller versions of the same images. There is a map of the Tech Area at the top and again at the bottom. The first image below is courtesy the Los Alamos National Laboratory. All of the other photographs are reproduced from Edith C. Truslow, with Kasha V. Thayer, ed., Manhattan Engineer District: Nonscientific Aspects of Los Alamos Project Y, 1942 through 1946 (Los Alamos, NM: Manhattan Engineer District, ca. 1946; first printed by Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory as LA-5200, March 1973; reprinted in 1997 by the Los Alamos Historical Society). This is a reprint of an unpublished volume originally written in 1946 by 2nd Lieutenant Edith C. Truslow, a member of the Women's Army Corps, as a contribution to the Manhattan Engineer District History.

28

The Manhattan Project -- Its Story  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Project -- Its Story Project -- Its Story Establishment · Operations · Immediate Influences · Long-term Influences · Other Info More About the Manhattan Project atom image Courtesy Argonne National Laboratory The Manhattan Project -- Its Background This year is the 70th anniversary of the establishment of the Manhattan Project, a predecessor of the U.S. Department of Energy. To honor its impacts on science and history, various aspects of its background, establishment, operations, and immediate and long-term influences will be revisited. It started during the fall of 1939, when President F. D. Roosevelt was made aware of the possibility that German scientists were racing to build an atomic bomb and was warned that Hitler would be more than willing to resort to such a weapon. As a result, Roosevelt set up the Advisory Committee on Uranium, consisting of both civilian and military representatives, to study the current state of research on uranium and to recommend an appropriate role for the federal government. The result was limited military funding for isotope separation and the work on chain reactions by Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard at Columbia University.

29

Manhattan Project: Tech Area Gallery  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SMALL) SMALL) Los Alamos: The Laboratory Resources > Photo Gallery All of the photographs below are of the "Tech Area" at Los Alamos during or shortly after the wartime years. If you have a fast internet connection, you may wish to click here for a photo gallery with larger versions of the same images. There is a map of the Tech Area at the top and again at the bottom. The first image below is courtesy the Los Alamos National Laboratory. All of the other photographs are reproduced from Edith C. Truslow, with Kasha V. Thayer, ed., Manhattan Engineer District: Nonscientific Aspects of Los Alamos Project Y, 1942 through 1946 (Los Alamos, NM: Manhattan Engineer District, ca. 1946; first printed by Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory as LA-5200, March 1973; reprinted in 1997 by the Los Alamos Historical Society). This is a reprint of an unpublished volume originally written in 1946 by 2nd Lieutenant Edith C. Truslow, a member of the Women's Army Corps, as a contribution to the Manhattan Engineer District History.

30

The Manhattan Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Project Project Sites and Their Contributions · Key Events · Scientists · Its Story · Additional Information · Related Information President Roosevelt Establishes the Manhattan Project President Roosevelt instructs the Army to take responsibility for construction of atomic weapons complex. The Army delegates the task to the Corps of Engineers, which establishes the Manhattan Engineer District. Courtesy of National Nuclear Security Administration The 70th anniversary of the establishment of the Manhattan Project on August 13, 1942, is celebrated this year. The Manhattan Project played an essential role in bringing World War II to an end through the building of the atomic bomb. This major achievement was possible because the U.S. government conducted a massive, secret, nationwide enterprise that took science from the laboratory and into combat with an entirely new type of weapon.

31

Manhattan Project: Maps  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

MAPS MAPS Resources Scroll down to view thumbnails of each map. Leslie Groves looks at a map of Japan. Manhattan Project: General Manhattan Project Facilities Places map "Signature Facilities of the MED" map Hanford Hanford map Hanford (black and white) map Hanford Site Diagram Hanford Site Location Map Hanford: Native Peoples map Hanford: Town map Los Alamos Map of Los Alamos, New Mexico Los Alamos: "Tech Area" map Oak Ridge Map of Clinton Engineer Works, Oak Ridge Clinton Engineer Works, Oak Ridge (black and white) map Oak Ridge: Projected Site for Atomic Production Plants, 1942, map Other Flight paths for Hiroshima and Nagasaki missions map Map of the Trinity Test Site Post-War U.S. Nuclear Tests map Manhattan Project Facilities Manhattan Project Facilities

32

Manhattan Project: Joe 1  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Joe 1, the first Soviet atomic test, August 29, 1949. Events > Postscript--The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present Events > Bringing It All Together, 1942-1945 > Espionage and the Manhattan...

33

Rail Planning Timeline  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Planning Timeline: By Responsible Party Planning Timeline: By Responsible Party Rev. 4.0, November 2006 Timeframe Offeror/Agent FRA Railroad(s) Other Post Shipment * DOE conducts Lessons Learned Review. During Shipment(s) * The offeror (shipper) will ensure that the appropriate FRA point of contact is notified of any changes 1 in the transportation schedule upon confirmation of the change (modification of SCOP OI-4). * DOE will notify the state Governors or designees and designated tribal points of contact by telephone in the event of schedule changes greater than six hours (DOE Manual 8.2.1). * In the event of a substantial unanticipated delay en route (e.g., greater than 2 hours), the affected states and tribes will be notified of the event by TRANSCOM. 2 TRANSCOM will notify the affected states and tribes

34

House Retirement Timeline  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

House Retirement House Retirement Timeline House is retiring December 20,2013 Fix your pipelines, move data and get help now! /house is POWERED OFF. 12/20/2013 Questions? Contact Kjiersten & Doug; consult@nersc.gov Office hours: MWThF 10:00-12:00 400-413 The link to /house will be permanently changed; all pipelines that have not removed /house dependencies will break. 11/15/2013 Your actions: Find anything that is still broken and let the developers know. Check houseHunter Continue data migration. We DO NOT GUARANTEE that you will be able to get data off /house after this date. 12/1/2013 Your action: Contact your group lead if you still need data /jgi/tools will no longer be in the default path 10/1/2013 Timeline & Important Dates The link to /house will be temporarily

35

Manhattan Project Resources | Y-12 National Security Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Manhattan Project Resources Manhattan Project Resources Manhattan Project Resources Building 9731 was the first building completed at Y-12 and was the "Pilot Plant" for the Calutron electromagnetic separation of uranium. The Manhattan Project web pages are designed to disseminate information and documentation on the Manhattan Project to a broad audience including scholars, students, and the general public. These web pages are a joint collaboration between DOE's Office of Classification and Office of History and Heritage Resources. The Y-12 History Center is proud to recommend them highly as they contain very helpful information. The site brings together an enormous amount of material, much of it never before released. An example of the key resource information provided is the update and

36

Manhattan Project: Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Science Science In the Laboratory Particle Accelerators and Other Technologies The Atom and Atomic Structure Nuclear Physics Bomb Design and Components Radioactivity Science and technology of the Manhattan Project Science PLEASE NOTE: The Science pages are not yet available. Links to the pages listed below and to the left will be activated as content is developed. Select topics relating to the science and technology of the Manhattan Project have been grouped into the categories listed to the left. A quick overview of scientific topics useful for understanding the Manhattan Project can be obtained by reading the summary pages for each of the categories, located in the left navigation bar. Each summary page also has a listing of all the subtopics included within that category. For a complete menu of all science pages, see the comprehensive list of topics below.

37

Manhattan Project: Places  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Places Places "Met Lab" (Metallurgical Laboratory) Oak Ridge: Clinton Engineer Works Hanford Engineer Works Los Alamos Other Places Places of the Manhattan Project Places PLEASE NOTE: The Places pages are not yet available. Links to the pages listed below and to the left will be activated as content is developed. Select topics relating to the places where the Manhattan Project occurred have been grouped into the categories listed to the left. A quick overview of places involved in the Manhattan Project can be obtained by reading the summary pages for each of the categories, located in the left navigation bar. Each summary page also has a listing of all the subtopics included within that category. For a complete menu of all place pages, see the comprehensive list of topics below.

38

Manhattan Project: Fuller Lodge  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

FULLER LODGE FULLER LODGE Los Alamos Boys Ranch School and Los Alamos (The Town) Resources > Photo Gallery Fuller Lodge Fuller Lodge was one of the main structures of the Los Alamos Boys Ranch School, serving as its headquarters in its later years. It was converted into a mess hall and guest quarters during the Manhattan Project. In the photograph above, part of the guest house is visible in the distance to the right. The photograph above is courtesy the Los Alamos National Laboratory. It is also reproduced in Edith C. Truslow, with Kasha V. Thayer, ed., Manhattan Engineer District: Nonscientific Aspects of Los Alamos Project Y, 1942 through 1946 (Los Alamos, NM: Manhattan Engineer District, ca. 1946; first printed by Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory as LA-5200, March 1973; reprinted in 1997 by the Los Alamos Historical Society), 57. The additional photographs below are:

39

MANHATTAN PROJECT | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MANHATTAN PROJECT MANHATTAN PROJECT MANHATTAN PROJECT MANHATTAN PROJECT The Department of Energy traces its origins to World War II and the Manhattan Project effort to build the first atomic bomb. As the direct descendent of the Manhattan Engineer District, the organization set up by the Army Corps of Engineers to develop and build the bomb, the Department continues to own and manage the Federal properties at most of the major Manhattan Project sites, including Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Hanford, Washington; and Los Alamos, New Mexico. In a national survey at the turn of the millennium, both journalists and the public ranked the dropping of the atomic bomb and the end of the Second World War as the top news stories of the twentieth-century. The Manhattan Project is the story of some of the most renowned scientists of the century

40

MANHATTAN PROJECT NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department, as the direct descendent of the Manhattan Engineer District, owns and manages the Federal properties at most of the major Manhattan Project sites, including Oak Ridge, Tennessee;...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Walking the City: Manhattan Projects [Research and Debate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Walking the City: Manhattan Projects Ben Jacks How do wethis survey to projects circumscribed by Manhattan’s shores.

Jacks, Ben

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

SunShot Initiative: Solar Innovation Timeline  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Innovation Timeline This timeline features the key innovations that have advanced the solar industry in the United States. Learn more about these key events from 1955 to present....

43

Manhattan Project: People  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

People People Administrators Scientists Civilian Organizations Military Organizations Non-Technical Personnel J. Robert Oppenheimer, Enrico Fermi, and Ernest Lawrence People PLEASE NOTE: The People pages are not yet available. Links to the pages listed below and to the left will be activated as content is developed. Select people and organizations of the Manhattan Project have been grouped into the categories listed to the left. A quick overview of the groups of people contributing to the success of the Manhattan Project can be obtained by reading the summary pages for each of the categories, located in the left navigation bar. Each summary page also has a listing of all the people included in that category. For a complete menu of all people pages, see the comprehensive list of people below.

44

Manhattan Project: Processes  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Processes Processes Uranium Mining, Milling, and Refining Uranium Isotope Separation Plutonium Production Bomb Design, Development, and Production Bomb Testing and Weapon Effects Processes PLEASE NOTE: The Processes pages are not yet available. Links to the pages listed below and to the left will be activated as content is developed. Select topics relating to the industrial processes of the Manhattan Project have been grouped into the categories listed to the left. A quick overview of processes involved in the mission of the Manhattan Project can be obtained by reading the summary pages for each of the categories, located in the left navigation bar. Each summary page also has a listing of all the subtopics included within that category. For a complete menu of all process pages, see the comprehensive list of topics below.

45

Manhattan Project: Events  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Time Periods Time Periods 1890s-1939: Atomic Discoveries 1939-1942: Early Government Support 1942: Difficult Choices 1942-1944: The Uranium Path to the Bomb 1942-1944: The Plutonium Path to the Bomb 1942-1945: Bringing It All Together 1945: Dawn of the Atomic Era 1945-present: Postscript -- The Nuclear Age Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard Events The events of the Manhattan Project have been grouped under the time periods listed to the left. A quick overview of the Manhattan Project can be obtained by reading the summaries on each of the eight "Time Periods" pages, located in the left navigation bar. Each summary page also has a listing of the events pages for that particular time period. For a complete menu of all events pages, see the comprehensive list of events below.

46

Daylight in Manhattan  

SciTech Connect

Zoning regulations concerned with daylighting in New York City are reviewed extensively going back to the 1916 regulation. Historical developments up to the newly proposed set of zoning regulations for midtown Manhattan are discussed. The importance of the Manhattan regulations, which often serve as a model for other USA cities, are stressed. The daylight performance test, designed to quantify the amount of natural light that will reach the street after a proposed project is constructed, is described. To gain acceptance a new building would have to score at least 85 points (out of 100) on criteria based on daylighting, street wall height, street wall length, and reflectivity. Of these, daylighting is the most important. A modified and simplified two-tiered proposal has been issued with minor changes in scoring the four criteria given above. (MJJ)

Moore, J.A.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Atomic Bombs, Winning the War and Women in Pants: Voices of the Manhattan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Atomic Bombs, Winning the War and Women in Pants: Voices of the Atomic Bombs, Winning the War and Women in Pants: Voices of the Manhattan Project Speak of the Nation's History Atomic Bombs, Winning the War and Women in Pants: Voices of the Manhattan Project Speak of the Nation's History November 28, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Manhattan Project veteran Ralph Gates (far right) celebrates Christmas in 1945. Gates contributed to the Voices of the Manhattan Project, a storytelling project launched by the Atomic Heritage Foundation and Los Alamos Historical Society. Manhattan Project veteran Ralph Gates (far right) celebrates Christmas in 1945. Gates contributed to the Voices of the Manhattan Project, a storytelling project launched by the Atomic Heritage Foundation and Los Alamos Historical Society. WASHINGTON, D.C. - A year out of high school in 1944, Nashville native

48

SunShot Initiative: Solar Innovation Timeline  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information Resources Information Resources Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to SunShot Initiative: Solar Innovation Timeline to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Solar Innovation Timeline on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Solar Innovation Timeline on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Solar Innovation Timeline on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Solar Innovation Timeline on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Solar Innovation Timeline on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Solar Innovation Timeline on AddThis.com... Publications Newsletter Resource Center Multimedia Meetings & Workshops Solar Innovation Timeline Solar Career Map Glossary Solar Innovation Timeline This timeline features the key innovations that have advanced the solar

49

Manhattan Project: A Note on Sources  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

A NOTE ON SOURCES A NOTE ON SOURCES Resources > Note on Sources The text for this web site is a combination of original material and adaptations from previous publications of the Department of Energy (including contractors), its predecessor agencies (primarily the Atomic Energy Commission and the Manhattan Engineer District), and other government agencies. Adaptations run the gamut from summaries to close paraphrases to text being taken directly. This material was gathered and adapted for use by the DOE's Office of History and Heritage Resources. For detailed notes on what sources were used for any particular page, see the footnote at the bottom of the page or its entry in Sources and Notes. For a discussion of the best general sources on the Manhattan Project, see the Suggested Readings.

50

Manhattan Project: Informing the Public, August 1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

The Smyth Report, August 1945. INFORMING THE PUBLIC The Smyth Report, August 1945. INFORMING THE PUBLIC (August 1945) Events > Postscript -- The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present The atomic bombing of Japan in early August 1945 suddenly thrust the Manhattan Project into the center of the public eye. What formerly had been privy to a select few now became the object of intense public curiosity and scrutiny. Manhattan Project officials, however, had no intent to release what they viewed as essential military secrets. To both allay inordinate inquisitiveness and satisfy the legitimate public need to know, officials in early 1944 began a carefully designed public relations program in anticipation of when they would have to announce the news to the world. They perceived that, from the standpoint of security, the release of some selected information would make it easier to maintain the secrecy of the highly classified aspects of the project. The public relations program had two parts: preparation of a series of public releases and preparation of an administrative and scientific history of the project.

51

Manhattan Project: Image Retouching`  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Image Retouching Image Retouching Resources > Photo Gallery Smyth Report (original) Smyth Report (retouched) Images on this web site have sometimes been "retouched." In every case, however, the intention has been only to restore the image as much as possible to its original condition. Above is a rather extreme example-"before and after" versions of the cover of the Smyth Report (Henry DeWolf Smyth, Atomic Energy for Military Purposes: The Official Report on the Development of the Atomic Bomb under the Auspices of the United States Government, 1940-1945 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1945)). The Smyth Report was commissioned by Leslie Groves and originally issued by the Manhattan Engineer District. Princeton University Press reprinted it in book form as a "public service" with "reproduction in whole or in part authorized and permitted.") Larger versions of the same images are below.

52

Manhattan Project: Site Map  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SITE MAP SITE MAP Resources > Site Map THE MANHATTAN PROJECT Events 1890s-1939: Atomic Discoveries A Miniature Solar System, 1890s-1919 Exploring the Atom, 1919-1932 Atomic Bombardment, 1932-1938 The Discovery of Fission, 1938-1939 Fission Comes to America, 1939 1939-1942: Early Government Support Einstein's Letter, 1939 Early Uranium Research, 1939-1941 Piles and Plutonium, 1939-1941 Reorganization and Acceleration, 1940-1941 The MAUD Report, 1941 A Tentative Decision to Build the Bomb, 1941-1942 1942: Difficult Choices More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 1942-1944: The Uranium Path to the Bomb Y-12: Design, 1942-1943 Y-12: Construction, 1943

53

Manhattan Project: Espionage and the Manhattan Project, 1940-1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Klaus Fuchs's Los Alamos security badge photo ESPIONAGE AND THE MANHATTAN PROJECT Klaus Fuchs's Los Alamos security badge photo ESPIONAGE AND THE MANHATTAN PROJECT (1940-1945) Events > Bringing It All Together, 1942-1945 Establishing Los Alamos, 1942-1943 Early Bomb Design, 1943-1944 Basic Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944 Implosion Becomes a Necessity, 1944 Oak Ridge and Hanford Come Through, 1944-1945 Final Bomb Design, 1944-1945 Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945 Espionage and the Manhattan Project, 1940-1945 Security was a way of life for the Manhattan Project. The goal was to keep the entire atomic bomb program secret from Germany and Japan. In this, Manhattan Project security officials succeeded. They also sought, however, to keep word of the atomic bomb from reaching the Soviet Union. Although an ally of Britain and the United States in the war against Germany, the Soviet Union remained a repressive dictatorship and a potential future enemy. Here, security officials were less successful. Soviet spies penetrated the Manhattan Project at Los Alamos and several other locations, sending back to Russia critical information that helped speed the development of the Soviet bomb.

54

3.4 Timeline Zoomable Window  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

.1 Zoomable and Scrollable Up: 3. Graphical User Interface .1 Zoomable and Scrollable Up: 3. Graphical User Interface Previous: 3.3 Legend Window Contents 3.4 Timeline Zoomable Window Figure 3.10: Initial display of the Timeline window of a 514 MB 16-process slog2 file with default preview resolution. Image timeline_popup Most of the advanced features in the SLOG-2 viewer are provided through a zoomable window. Jumpshot-4 has two zoomable windows: Timeline and Histogram. Figure 3.10 is the initial display of the Timeline window of a half-gigabyte 16-timeline slog2 file. The zoomable window consists of several concealable and removable components. In the center of the window is the zoomable and scrollable canvas. For the Timeline window, the center canvas is called the timeline canvas. Directly on top of the zoomable

55

NNSA Timeline | National Nuclear Security Administration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Timeline | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our...

56

What Explains Manhattan's Declining Share of Residential Construction?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

permits issued in Manhattan, with project level detail:public housing projects permitted in Manhattan and on year.multitous projects the analogous Manhattan share plotted in

DAVIDOFF, THOMAS

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Manhattan Project: Resources  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

page is original to the Department of Energy's Office of History and Heritage Resources. Home | History Office | OpenNet | DOE | Privacy and Security Notices About this Site | How...

58

Manhattan Project Signature Facilities | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manhattan Manhattan Project Signature Facilities Manhattan Project Signature Facilities Manhattan Project Signature Facilities The Department of Energy, in the mid-1990s, developed a list of eight Manhattan Project properties that were designated as "Signature Facilities." These properties, taken together, provided the essential core for successfully interpreting for the American public the Manhattan Project mission of developing an atomic bomb. The Department's goal was to move foward in preserving and interpreting these properties by integrating departmental headquarters and field activities and joining in a working partnership with all interested outside entities, organizations, and individuals, including Congress, state and local governments, the Department's contractors, and various other stakeholders.

59

Opportunistic infrastructure : the Trans-Manhattan Expressway  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Urban Infrastructure: bridges, expressways, and on and off ramps often create barriers and uninhabitable spaces within the urban context. This phenomenon is evident in northern Manhattan where the Trans-Manhattan Expressway ...

O'Koren, Jason F

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Manhattan Project: The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

(Unofficial) MED emblem, 1946 THE MANHATTAN ENGINEER DISTRICT (Unofficial) MED emblem, 1946 THE MANHATTAN ENGINEER DISTRICT (1945-1946) Events > Postscript -- The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present With the end of the Second World War, American policymakers anticipated that the Manhattan Project's infrastructure would be turned over to and managed by a largely civilian commission. General Leslie Groves initially thought this would happen soon after the ending of hostilities. His strategy for interim management of the complex was thus one of "hold the line," where he sought to maintain the essential soundness of the physical plant and the personnel that ran it, complete ongoing construction, and promote efficiency and economy. One of his first decisions was to close down marginal operations such as the S-50 Thermal Diffusion Plant in the K-25 area and the Alpha racetracks of the Y-12 electromagnetic separations plant at Oak Ridge. His most serious short-term problem was in retaining personnel, particularly at Los Alamos where many scientists and technicians were eager to return to civilian pursuits.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Standards that had contributed to the measurement science of nuclear materials for the Manhattan Project. NBL's initial mission was to provide a Federal capability for the assay...

62

Manhattan Project: Science Images  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SCIENCE IMAGES SCIENCE IMAGES Resources > Photo Gallery Scroll down to see each of these images individually. The images are: 1. Fission (this graphic is adapted from a graphic originally produced by the Washington State Department of Health; the modifications are original to the History Division, now Office of History and Heritage Resources, 2003); 2. Fat Man (plutonium bomb), August 1945 (courtesy the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (via theNational Archives)); 3. F Reactor Plutonium Production Complex Hanford, Washington, 1945; 4. A Cockroft-Walton machine at Los Alamos, New Mexico (courtesy the Los Alamos National Laboratory; it is reprinted in John F. Hogerton, ed., "Cockroft-Walton Machine," The Atomic Energy Deskbook (New York: Reinhold Publishing Corporation, 1963, prepared under the auspices of the Division of Technical Information, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission), 102);

63

Manhattan Project: How to Navigate this Site  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

HOW TO NAVIGATE THIS SITE HOW TO NAVIGATE THIS SITE Resources > Navigation There are five main topical areas on this web site: Events, People, Places, Processes, and Science. These are further divided into sub-sections, each with its own introduction. The main topical areas can be accessed by clicking on a button on the horizontal bar above. Sub-sections can be accessed by clicking on a topic in the vertical column to your left. If you would like to begin with a quick survey of the Manhattan Project, try reading, in order, the eight Event sub-section pages, beginning with Atomic Discoveries, 1890s-1939. In addition to the main topical areas, the Resources section on the above button bar provides access to a variety of resource materials, including photos, documents, maps, and published histories.

64

History  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Historical timeline of continuous casting...casting of copper 1840 The first recorded patent in the nonferrous field was by

65

Manhattan Project: Berkeley Meeting  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Resources Resources About this Site How to Navigate this Site Library Maps Note on Sources Nuclear Energy and the Public's Right to Know Photo Gallery Site Map Sources and Notes Suggested Readings BERKELEY MEETING University of California, Berkeley (March 29, 1940) Resources > Photo Gallery Lawrence, A. Compton, Bush, Conant, K. Compton, and Loomis A meeting regarding the 184-inch cyclotron project, held at the University of California, Berkeley, on March 29, 1940. Left to right: Ernest O. Lawrence, Arthur H. Compton, Vannevar Bush, James B. Conant, Karl T. Compton, and Alfred L. Loomis. The photograph is reprinted in Richard G. Hewlett and Oscar E. Anderson, Jr., The New World, 1939-1946: Volume I, A History of the United States Atomic Energy Commission (Washington: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, 1972), opposite page 33.

66

Manhattan Project: Trinity Images  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

IMAGES IMAGES Trinity Test Site (July 16, 1945) Resources > Photo Gallery The first 0.11 seconds of the Nuclear Age These seven photographs of the Trinity test were taken by time-lapse cameras. The last is 109 milliseconds, or 0.109 seconds, after detonation. Scroll down to view each individual image. The photographs are courtesy the Los Alamos National Laboratory, via the Federation of American Scientists web site. The animation is original to the Office of History and Heritage Resources. The dawn of the Nuclear Age (Trinity image #1) The dawn of the Nuclear Age Trinity image #2 Trinity image #3 Trinity image #4 Trinity image #5 Trinity, 0.09 seconds after detonation (Trinity image #6) Trinity, 0.09 seconds after detonation Trinity, 0.11 seconds after detonation (Trinity image #7)

67

President Roosevelt Establishes Manhattan Project | National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the main content Facebook Flickr RSS Twitter YouTube President Roosevelt Establishes Manhattan Project | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the...

68

The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb This report is an account of work on the atomic bomb. The Manhattan Project: Making the...

69

The_Manhattan_Project_2010.pdf | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home TheManhattanProject2010.pdf TheManhattanProject2010.pdf TheManhattanProject2010.pdf...

70

Timeline of Events: 2010 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Timeline » Timeline » Timeline of Events: 2010 Timeline of Events: 2010 May 28, 2010: Chu helps oversee BP's "top kill" efforts Secretary Chu concludes several days in Houston monitoring the "top kill" attempt to stop the oil well leak in the Gulf of Mexico, analyzing the data as it comes in and helping to develop strategies to give it the best chances of success. Read more November 18, 2010: Antimatter Trapped and Stored Atoms of antimatter have been trapped and stored for the first time in a magnetic bottle-like device by the ALPHA collaboration, an international team of scientists working at CERN. Read more October 4, 2010: Robot on Security Patrol The Department's Nevada National Security Site brings the first of three Mobile Detection Assessment Response System robots online to improve

71

Fermilab | Plan for the Future | Timeline  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Timeline 2012 2013-2014 2015+ Energy Energy Frontier LHC LHC LHC + LHC Upgrades ILC or CLIC or Muon collider Intensity Intensity Frontier MINOS MiniBooNE MINERvA SeaQuest NOvA...

72

Manhattan Project truck unearthed at landfill cleanup site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Phonebook Calendar Video Newsroom News Releases News Releases - 2011 April Manhattan project truck Manhattan Project truck unearthed at landfill cleanup site A LANL...

73

The Manhattan Project: Making of the Atomic Bomb | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home The Manhattan Project: Making of the Atomic Bomb The Manhattan Project: Making of the Atomic...

74

Manhattan Project: Nuclear Energy and the Public's Right to Know  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

The Smyth Report, August 1945. NUCLEAR ENERGY AND THE The Smyth Report, August 1945. NUCLEAR ENERGY AND THE PUBLIC'S RIGHT TO KNOW Resources > Openness Given ongoing concerns with terrorism and nuclear proliferation, a word about secrecy, the information presented on this web site, and the public's right to know is in order. The information on this web site is currently available, and has long been available, in any major university library. The basic story of the Manhattan Project was first released to the public in August 1945 in the "Smyth Report" (right), a book-length study of the Manhattan Project. It was personally reviewed by Leslie Groves, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ernest O. Lawrence, and others, to ensure that it contained no information that would be of assistance to anyone who might try to build a nuclear weapon. The information from the Smyth Report and other contemporary MED press releases has been supplemented in subsequent years by numerous other histories of the Manhattan Project, including a comprehensive official history produced by the Atomic Energy Henry D. Smyth confers with Ernest O. Lawrence about the Smyth Report, Berkeley, fall 1944. Commission (AEC) historians Richard G. Hewlett and Oscar E. Anderson, Jr. As for the most potentially-sensitive category of entries on this web site, "Science," most of the text for these entries was taken directly from an unclassified 1963 AEC publication, The Atomic Energy Deskbook. Created under the personal supervision of AEC Chairman Glenn T. Seaborg, the Deskbook was intended from the start to be a reference work for the public. The intent of all of these publications was to reveal what could be revealed and to keep secret what needed to be kept secret. Accordingly, this web site has been reviewed by the Department of Energy's Office of Classification and confirmed to be unclassified. (For more information on Manhattan Project-related publications, see the list of "Suggested Readings.")

75

Manhattan Project: The Venona Intercepts  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Venona intercept regarding Theodore Hall THE VENONA INTERCEPTS (Washington, D.C., 1946-1980) Events > Postscript -- The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present Soviet intelligence officers in the United States regularly communicated with their superiors in Moscow via telegraphic cables. These messages were encrypted of course, but in 1946 the United States, with the assistance of Great Britain, began to decrypt a good number of these messages. This program led to the eventual capture of several Soviet spies within the Manhattan Project. The VENONA intercepts, as they were codenamed, remained a closely-guarded secret, known only to a handful of government officials, until the program was declassified in 1995. Meredith Gardner (left) and some of his team of cryptanalysts.

76

Manhattan Project: Sources and Notes  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SOURCES AND NOTES SOURCES AND NOTES Resources > Sources Below are the collected specific notes for the text and images used on the pages of this web site. For a discussion of the most important works on the Manhattan Project, see the "Suggested Readings." For a general discussion of the use of sources in this web site, see "A Note on Sources." To scan the sources and notes for various categories, choose from the list below. To view the sources and notes for a specific web page, see the footnote at the bottom of each page (exceptions include this page and the home page; the sources and notes for the home page are the first ones listed below). Home Events 1890s-1939: Atomic Discoveries 1939-1942: Early Government Support 1942: Difficult Choices

77

Manufacturing Fuel Cell Manhattan Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to to DOE Fuel Cell Manufacturing Workshop 2011 John Christensen, PE NREL Consultant DOE Fuel Cell Market Transformation Support August 11, 2011 Manufacturing Fuel Cell Manhattan Project √ Identify manufacturing cost drivers to achieve affordability √ Identify best practices in fuel cell manufacturing technology √ Identify manufacturing technology gaps √ Identify FC projects to address these gaps MFCMP Objectives Completed Final Report due out Nov 2010 B2PCOE Montana Tech SME's Industry Academia Government FC Consortiums Power ranges * <0.5 kW (man portable / man wearable) * 0.5 kW< Power range < 10 kW (mobile power) Fuels: Hydrogen and reformed hydrocarbons *Packaged Fuels < 0.5 kW * Near term solution * Move through the supply chain like batteries

78

Manhattan Project: Solvay Physics Conference  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SOLVAY PHYSICS CONFERENCE SOLVAY PHYSICS CONFERENCE Brussels, Belgium (October 1933) Resources > Photo Gallery Solvay Physics Conference, Brussels, 1933 The Solvay Physics Conference, held in Brussels, Belgium, October 22-29, 1933. Attendees included two future key Manhattan Project scientists (Fermi and Lawrence), the future head of the Nazi atomic bomb program (Heisenberg), and numerous leading pre-war physicists. A partial list of those attending: Niels Bohr (seated, third from left) James Chadwick (seated, farthest right) J. B. Cockroft (middle row, third from right) Marie Curie (seated, fifth from left) Enrico Fermi (middle row, fifth from left) Werner Heisenberg (middle row, fourth from left) Ernest O. Lawrence (back row, second from right) Lise Meitner (seated, second from right)

79

Timeline of Events: 2006 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 Timeline of Events: 2006 March 8, 2006: Sandia's Z Machine The Department's Sandia National Laboratories announces that its Z machine has produced plasmas that exceed temperatures of 2 billion degrees Kelvin-hotter than the interiors of stars. Read more February 21, 2006: Bush visits NREL President Bush, in a visit to DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado, participates in an energy conservation and efficiency panel. Read more August 30, 2006: Subcritical Test at NTS The Department's Los Alamos National Laboratory successfully conducts a subcritical experiment, Unicorn, at 11:00 a.m. at the Nevada Test Site. Read more Return to Timeline of Events: 2005 Continue to Timeline of Events: 2007 Jump to month: February | March | April | May | June | July | August |

80

Timeline of Events: 2002 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 Timeline of Events: 2002 May 24, 2002: President Bush and President Vladimir Putin of Russia sign agreement to reduce each country's nuclear arsenal to between 1,700 and 2,200 warhead. Read more February 14, 2002: Yucca Mountain Secretary Abraham formally recommends to President Bush that the Yucca Mountain site in Nevada be developed as the nation's first long-term geologic repository for high-level radioactive waste. Read more July 22, 2002: Bush at Argonne President Bush visits DOE's Argonne National Laboratory and is briefed on counterterrorism technologies developed by several DOE national Laboratories. Read more Return to Timeline of Events: 2001 Continue to Timeline of Events: 2003 Jump to month: February | March | April | May | June | July | August |

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Timeline of Events: 2001 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 Timeline of Events: 2001 August 15, 2001: IBM's ASCI White Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory dedicates the "world's fastest supercomputer," the IBM ASCI White. Read more June 28, 2001: President Bush announces $85.7 million in Federal grants President Bush speaks to employees at DOE's Forrestal building in Washington, D.C. announcing $85.7 million in Federal grants. Read more September 11, 2001 Terrorists attack the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon outside Washington, D.C. Under the threat of additional assaults, Secretary Abraham orders that all DOE facilities be placed in high security status. All non-essential DOE personnel are evacuated and sent home. Read more Return to Timeline of Events: 1991 to 2000 Continue to Timeline of Events: 2002

82

Timeline of Events: 2004 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 Timeline of Events: 2004 July 1, 2004: Cassini-Huygena spacecraft goes into orbit around Saturn Read more April 29, 2004: Fernald Closure Site Demolition crews bring down the Pilot Plant at DOE's Fernald Closure Site in Ohio. Read more November 10, 2004: First hydrogen refueling station opens in Washington, DC. Secretary Abraham joins representatives of Shell and General Motors in the opening of the nation's first integrated gasoline/hydrogen refueling station in Washington, D.C. Read more Return to Timeline of Events: 2003 Continue to Timeline of Events: 2005 Jump to month: February | March | April | May | June | July | August | September | October | November | December January 6, 2004 Secretary Abraham begins a ten day trip to Asia and the Pacific to advance

83

Sandia National Laboratories: About Sandia: History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

aerodynamic research, 1950s. Sandia National Laboratories' roots lie in World War II's Manhattan Project, which built the world's first atomic bombs. Our history reflects the...

84

A Platinum Anniversary for U.S. Atomic Heritage - EM's Historic Manhattan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Platinum Anniversary for U.S. Atomic Heritage - EM's Historic A Platinum Anniversary for U.S. Atomic Heritage - EM's Historic Manhattan Project Sites Gain International Media Attention A Platinum Anniversary for U.S. Atomic Heritage - EM's Historic Manhattan Project Sites Gain International Media Attention September 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - Traditionally, a platinum anniversary marks 70-years. The Manhattan roject legacy reached that special milestone this summer, highlighting a remarkable history nvolving the Oak Ridge and Hanford sites and Los Alamos National Laboratory. Bipartisan legislation making its way through Congress could commemorate America's atomic history by turning these sites into a national park, a prospect that continues to gain national and international media attention in print, online and on TV and

85

Manhattan Project: Alpha Racetrack, Y-12  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

photograph, click here or on the photograph above. The photograph is courtesy the Manhattan Engineer District. The photograph was taken by Ed Westcott. Click on a link below to...

86

Timelines as summaries of popular scheduled events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Known events that are scheduled in advance, such as popular sports games, usually get a lot of attention from the public. Communications media like TV, radio, and newspapers will report the salient aspects of such events live or post-hoc for general ... Keywords: football, rugby, soccer, sports, summaries, timelines, world cup

Omar Alonso, Kyle Shiells

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

The Manhattan Project: Science in the Second World War  

SciTech Connect

The Manhattan Project: Science in the Second World War'' is a short history of the origins and development of the American atomic bomb program during World War II. Beginning with the scientific developments of the pre-war years, the monograph details of the role of the United States government in conducting a secret, nationwide enterprise that took science from the laboratory and into combat with an entirely new type of weapon. The monograph concludes with a discussion of the immediate postwar period, the debate over the Atomic Energy Act of 1946, and the founding of the Atomic Energy Commission.

Gosling, F.G.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb. 1999 edition.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

``The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb`` is a short history of the origins and development of the American atomic bomb program during World War II. Beginning with the scientific developments of the pre-war years, the monograph details the role of the United States government in conducting a secret, nationwide enterprise that took science from the laboratory and into combat with an entirely new type of weapon. The monograph concludes with a discussion of the immediate postwar period, the debate over the Atomic Energy Act of 1946, and the founding of the Atomic Energy Commission.

Gosling, F.G.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Timeline of Events: 2007 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 Timeline of Events: 2007 February 23, 2007: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Demonstration at White House President Bush and Secretary Bodman participate in a demonstration of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) on the South Lawn of the White House. Read more January 23, 2007: WIPP receives first shipment of waste The Department's Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) near Carlsbad, New Mexico, receives (pdf) its first shipment of remote-handled (RH) transuranic (TRU) radioactive waste. Read more December 4, 2007: NETL's Robotic Pipeline Inspection Tool The Department's National Energy Technology Laboratory announces the development of a new robotic pipeline inspection tool that could revolutionize the pipeline inspection process. Read more Return to Timeline of Events: 2006

90

The Manhattan Project By Terrence R. Fehner and F.G. Gosling  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manhattan Project Manhattan Project By Terrence R. Fehner and F.G. Gosling April 2012 U.S. Department of Energy Office of Management Office of the Executive Secretariat Office of History and Heritage Resources 1 Introduction In a national survey at the turn of the millennium, both journalists and the public ranked the dropping of the atomic bomb and the end of the Second World War as the top news stories of the twentieth-century. The Manhattan Project is the story of some of the most renowned scientists of the century combining with industry, the military, and tens of thousands of ordinary Americans working at sites across the country to translate original

91

Work of Manhattan Project-era photographer Ed Westcott lives...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Work of Manhattan ... Work of Manhattan Project-era photographer Ed Westcott lives on Posted: June 13, 2012 - 1:30pm Ed Westcott mans the shutter release for another historic...

92

Manhattan Project: The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

American troops approaching the beach, D-Day, June 6, 1944. THE WAR ENTERS ITS FINAL PHASE American troops approaching the beach, D-Day, June 6, 1944. THE WAR ENTERS ITS FINAL PHASE (1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 Harry Truman being sworn in as president, April 12, 1945. On April 12, 1945, only weeks before Germany's unconditional surrender on May 7, President Franklin Roosevelt died suddenly in Warm Springs, Georgia. Vice President Harry S. Truman, a veteran of the United States Senate, was now president. Truman had not been privy to many of Roosevelt's internal policy deliberations and had to be briefed extensively in his first weeks in office. One of these briefings, provided by Secretary of War Henry Stimson on April 25, concerned S-1 (the Manhattan Project). Stimson, with Leslie Groves present during part of the meeting, traced the history of the Manhattan Project, summarized its status, and detailed the timetable for testing and combat delivery. Truman asked numerous questions during the forty-five minute meeting and made it clear that he understood the relevance of the atomic bomb to upcoming diplomatic and military initiatives.

93

EDITORIAL ESSAY A "Manhattan Project" for climate change?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EDITORIAL ESSAY A "Manhattan Project" for climate change? Chi-Jen Yang & Michael Oppenheimer in a timely fashion only through a crash research and development program similar to the Manhattan Project of a "Manhattan Project" on Climate Change would be low-carbon technologies for energy generation and use

Oppenheimer, Michael

94

Strategic Planning History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Strategy for Global Change Research Related Federal Climate Efforts Strategic Planning History Print E-mail Below is a timeline of past strategic plans that have guided The U.S....

95

Manhattan Project: Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Trinity test radiation safety team SAFETY AND THE TRINITY TEST Trinity test radiation safety team SAFETY AND THE TRINITY TEST (Trinity Test Site, July 1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 Bunker at S-10,000 The "Trinity" atomic test was the most violent man-made explosion in history to that date. It also posed the single most significant safety hazard of the entire Manhattan Project. Understanding this, test planners chose a flat, desert scrub region in the northwest corner of the isolated Alamogordo Bombing Range in south central New Mexico for the test. This location, 210 miles south of Los Alamos, was only twenty miles from the nearest offsite habitation. If the explosion was considerably larger than predicted, the dangers could be extreme to the test personnel and surrounding areas.

96

Manhattan Project National Historical Park | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manhattan Project National Historical Park Manhattan Project National Historical Park Manhattan Project National Historical Park The Department, as the direct descendent of the Manhattan Engineer District, owns and manages the Federal properties at most of the major Manhattan Project sites, including Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Hanford, Washington; and Los Alamos, New Mexico. For over a decade, the Department, in cooperation with other Federal agencies, state and local governments, and other stakeholders, has pursued the possibility of including its most significant Manhattan Project properties within a Manhattan Project National Historical Park. A panel of distinguished historic preservation experts convened in 2001 by the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation at the request of the Department of Energy recommended that the "ultimate goal" for

97

Timeline of Events: 2003 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 Timeline of Events: 2003 December 12, 2003: Operations begin at Glovebox Excavator Method facility The Department's Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) begins operations at the Glovebox Excavator Method (GEM) facility. Read more February 27, 2003: Abraham and Dobriansky announce "FutureGen" Secretary Abraham and Under Secretary of State for Global Affairs Paula Dobriansky announce the formation of an ambitious new international effort to advance carbon capture and storage technology as a way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Read more December 3, 2003: Bush signs Nanotechnology R&D Act Secretary Abraham attends the signing of the 21st Century Nanotechnology Research and Development Act by President Bush. The act authorizes funding

98

Manhattan Project: Kasparov, Kamen, and Kheifits  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

KASPAROV, KAMEN, AND KHEIFITS KASPAROV, KAMEN, AND KHEIFITS California? (n.d.) Resources > Photo Gallery Kasparov, Kamen, and Kheifits This surveillance photograph was taken by Manhattan Project security officials. On the right is Gregory Kheifits (KHARON), the NKGB Resident in San Francisco from 1941 to July 1944. On the left is his successor, Gregory Kasparov (DAR). In between them is Martin Kamen, a chemist at the University of California, Berkeley's "Rad Lab." (Kamen was later dismissed as a "security risk.") The photo is courtesy the National Security Agency. For more on Kheifits and Kasparov, see "The Venona Story." See also "The Venona Intercepts, 1946-1980." See also the group photograph of the staff at the Rad Lab in 1939, which includes Kamen, Ernest O. Lawrence, Robert Oppenheimer, and numerous other Manhattan Project scientists. Lawrence is bottom row center; Kamen is over Lawrence's left shoulder; and Oppenheimer is over Kamen's right shoulder.

99

Manhattan, Kansas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Manhattan, Kansas: Energy Resources Manhattan, Kansas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.1836082°, -96.5716694° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.1836082,"lon":-96.5716694,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

100

Timeline: a high performance archive for a distributed object store  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes TimeLine, an efficient archive service for a distributed storage system. TimeLine allows users to take snapshots on demand. The archive is stored online so that it is easily accessible to users. It enables "time travel" in which ...

Chuang-Hue Moh; Barbara Liskov

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Manhattan Project: About the Site  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

ABOUT THIS SITE ABOUT THIS SITE Resources Project Directors: Terrence R. Fehner, Chief Historian F. G. Gosling, former Chief Historian (retired) Assisted By: David Rezelman, Glenn T. Seaborg Fellow in Nuclear History Stephanie Young, Edward Teller Fellow in Science and National Security Studies Andrew Mamo, Edward Teller Fellow in Science and National Security Studies Emily Hamilton, Edward Teller Fellow in Science and National Security Studies Douglas O’Reagan, Edward Teller Fellow in Science and National Security Studies James Skee, Edward Teller Fellow in Science and National Security Studies Site Designer: Jennifer Johnson, Archivist Summary Words (estimate): 120,000 Total Pages if Printed (estimate): 430 Total Images: 500+ Photographs: 450+ Maps and Diagrams: 64 Total Images (counting varying sizes, etc.): 1,000+

102

Manhattan Project: Los Alamos Scientists  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Resources Resources About this Site How to Navigate this Site Library Maps Note on Sources Nuclear Energy and the Public's Right to Know Photo Gallery Site Map Sources and Notes Suggested Readings LOS ALAMOS SCIENTISTS Los Alamos (Laboratory) (August 1946) Resources > Photo Gallery Los Alamos, August 1946 Scientists attending a colloquium at Los Alamos, August 1946. Left to right, first row: Norris E. Bradbury, John H. Manley, Enrico Fermi, J. M. B. Kellogg. Second row: Robert Oppenheimer, Richard P. Feynman, Phil B. Porter. Third row: Gregory Breit (partially hidden), Arthur Hemmendinger, Arthur D. Schelberg. The photograph is courtesy Los Alamos National Laboratory. The identifications are from Richard G. Hewlett and Francis Duncan, Atomic Shield, 1947-1952: Volume II, A History of the United States Atomic Energy Commission (Washington: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, 1972), opposite page 46.

103

Gosling, The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gosling, The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Gosling, The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb Gosling, The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb F.G. Gosling. The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb. DOE/MA-0002 Revised. Washington, D.C.: Department of Energy, 2010. 115 pp., with 38 pp. photo gallery). From the Forward to the 2010 Edition: "In a national survey at the turn of the millennium, journalists and historians ranked the dropping of the atomic bomb and the surrender of Japan to end the Second World War as the top story of the twentieth century. The advent of nuclear weapons, brought about by the Manhattan Project, not only helped bring an end to World War II but ushered in the atomic age and determined how the next war-the Cold War-would be fought. The Manhattan Project also became the organizational model behind

104

Manhattan Project: Trinity (Color Photograph)  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

(COLOR PHOTOGRAPH) (COLOR PHOTOGRAPH) Trinity Test Site (July 16, 1945) Resources > Photo Gallery Trinity, July 16, 1945 (This is the page for the photograph only; see "The Trinity Test" for more information about the test itself.) The photo is courtesy Los Alamos National Laboratories; it is reproduced on the front cover of Los Alamos: Beginning of an Era, 1943-1945 (Los Alamos: Public Relations Office, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, ca. 1967-1971). The inside of the front cover describes the history of the photograph this way: Although colored movies were taken of the Trinity test, they were of poor quality and have since deteriorated. This cover photograph, also showing the ravages of time, is the only existing color shot of the test. It was taken, surprisingly enough, by an amateur using his own camera. Jack Aeby, now [ca. 1967-1971] of H-6, was working at Trinity with Emilio SegrĂš studying delayed gamma rays. SegrĂš secured permission for Aeby to carry his camera to the site to record the group's activities. Came the test and, as Aeby says, 'it was there so I shot it.' The picture was taken from just outside Base Camp with a Perfex 33 camera using 33 mm film. The photograph provided the basis for the Theoretical Division's earliest calculations of the Trinity weapon's yield and was shortly confiscated by the Army and first published after the announcement was made of the bombing of Japan.

105

Timeline of events: 1951 to 1970 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1991-2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Institutional Origins of DOE Manhattan Project October 31, 1952: Mike Test The Atomic Energy Commission detonates the...

106

Timeline of Events: 1938-1950 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1991-2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Institutional Origins of DOE Manhattan Project August 2, 1939: Albert Einstein's Letter With the help of Leo Szilard,...

107

Timeline of Events: 1971 to 1980 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1991-2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Institutional Origins of DOE Manhattan Project August 4, 1977: Energy Organization Act President Carter signs the...

108

The Manhattan Project: A 70th Anniversary Observance | OSTI,...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

OSTI has been making government R&D results open and transparent since 1947 The Manhattan Project: A 70th Anniversary Observance atomic energy molecule showing a nucleus...

109

Special Resource Study/Environmental Assessment for Manhattan...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Other Agencies You are here Home Special Resource StudyEnvironmental Assessment for Manhattan Project Sites, DOEEA-1868 (September 2010) Special Resource StudyEnvironmental...

110

Legacy of a Bomb: The Manhattan Project’s Impact on the Scientific Community  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TECH SPRING WAR TECH The Manhattan Project’s Impact on thewar and science: the Manhattan Project. This oper- andfor defense ever, the Manhattan Project’s legacy does and

Gao, Jany Huan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

The distribution of an illustrated timeline wall chart and teacher's guide of 20th century physics  

SciTech Connect

The American Physical Society's part of its centennial celebration in March of 1999 decided to develop a timeline wall chart on the history of 20th century physics. This resulted in eleven consecutive posters, which when mounted side by side, create a 23-foot mural. The timeline exhibits and describes the millstones of physics in images and words. The timeline functions as a chronology, a work of art, a permanent open textbook, and a gigantic photo album covering a hundred years in the life of the community of physicists and the existence of the American Physical Society. Each of the eleven posters begins with a brief essay that places a major scientific achievement of the decade in its historical context. Large portraits of the essays' subjects include youthful photographs of Marie Curie, Albert Einstein, and Richard Feynman among others, to help put a face on science. Below the essays, a total of over 130 individual discoveries and inventions, explained in dated text boxes with accompanying images, form the backbone of the timeline. For ease of comprehension, this wealth of material is organized into five color-coded story lines the stretch horizontally across the hundred years of the 20th century. The five story lines are: Cosmic Scale, relate the story of astrophysics and cosmology; Human Scale, refers to the physics of the more familiar distances from the global to the microscopic; Atomic Scale, focuses on the submicroscopic world of atoms, nuclei and quarks; Living World, chronicles the interaction of physics with biology and medicine; Technology, traces the applications of physic to everyday living. Woven into the bottom border of the timeline are period images of significant works of art, architecture, and technological artifacts such as telephones, automobiles, aircraft, computers, and appliances. The last poster, covering the years since 1995, differs from the others. Its essay concerns the prospect for physics into the next century, and is illustrated with pictures of promising award winning high school students who, it is hoped, will be the leading researchers of physics in the decades ahead. Appropriately the last entries in the timeline are not achievements but open questions to be answered in the future.

Schwartz, Brian

2000-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

112

Timeline of Events: 2008 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

much," she notes. "We know that from past history." January 3, 2008 The Department of Energy (DOE) issues a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to the Battelle Memorial...

113

BER Timeline | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News & Resources » BER News & Resources » BER Timeline Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) News & Resources BER Timeline Contact Information Biological and Environmental Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3251 F: (301) 903-5051 E: sc.ber@science.doe.gov More Information » News & Resources BER Timeline Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page All Biological Systems Science Events Climate and Environmental Sciences Events Jump to ... 2010 2005 2000 1995 1995 1990 1985 1980 1975 1970 1965 1960 1955 1950 1945 1940 1935 1930 Text version Visual timeline version

114

Property:MHK Project Timeline and Milestones | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Project Timeline and Milestones Project Timeline and Milestones Jump to: navigation, search Property Name MHK Project Timeline and Milestones Property Type Text Pages using the property "MHK Project Timeline and Milestones" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) M MHK Projects/40MW Lewis project + 1/1/2011 Seabed lease secured, 1/1/2012 Offshore and onshore consents applications submitted, 6/1/2012 Grid connection offered and accepted MHK Projects/Brough Head Wave Farm + 1/1/2010 Seabed lease secured MHK Projects/CETO La Reunion + 1/1/2011 Deployment Q2, 2012 MHK Projects/CETO3 Garden Island + 3/1/2011 CETO3 commercial unit was design, fabricated and deployed off Garden Island in 25m of water in mid-2011. MHK Projects/Coos Bay OPT Wave Park + 3/1/2010 OPT reapplies for Preliminary Permit

115

Manhattan Project: Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-Present  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Joe 1, the first Soviet atomic test, August 29, 1949. NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION Joe 1, the first Soviet atomic test, August 29, 1949. NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION (1949-Present) Events > Postscript -- The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present Even before the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, many of the scientists of the Manhattan Project were arguing that international control of atomic energy was essential. Any modern, industrialized state, they reasoned, could eventually build its own atomic bomb if it so chose. There was no "secret" scientific theory or principle concerning the bomb. Its possibility was fundamental to modern physics. Then as now, the primary difficulties were engineering related: separating uranium-235 or producing plutonium and designing and building the actual weapon.

116

Manhattan Project: Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-Present  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin, Yalta, Russia, February 9, 1945 FIRST STEPS TOWARD INTERNATIONAL CONTROL Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin, Yalta, Russia, February 9, 1945 FIRST STEPS TOWARD INTERNATIONAL CONTROL (1941-July 1945) Events > Postscript -- The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present Throughout most of the Second World War, officials gave little consideration to the postwar atom. Even at the top echelons of government, few knew of the Manhattan Project, and among those who did the primary concern was the ultimate success of the bomb development and not possible impact of the bomb on postwar international relations. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Vannevar Bush, director of the Office of Science and Research and Development and perhaps the President’s closest adviser on the bomb, discussed "after-war control" on October 9, 1941, "at some length" but there was no follow-up.

117

Manhattan Project Truck Unearthed in Recovery Act Cleanup | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manhattan Project Truck Unearthed in Recovery Act Cleanup Manhattan Project Truck Unearthed in Recovery Act Cleanup Manhattan Project Truck Unearthed in Recovery Act Cleanup A Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) excavation crew working on an American Recovery and Reinvestment Act cleanup project has uncovered the remnants of a 1940s military truck buried in a Manhattan Project landfill. The truck was unearthed inside a sealed building where digging is taking place at Material Disposal Area B (MDA-B), the Lab's first hazardous and radioactive waste landfill. MDA-B was used from 1944 to 1948. Manhattan Project Truck Unearthed in Recovery Act Cleanup More Documents & Publications Los Alamos Lab Completes Excavation of Waste Disposal Site Used in the 1940s Protecting Recovery Act Cleanup Site During Massive Wildfire

118

Manhattan Project: F Reactor Plutonium Production Complex  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

F REACTOR PLUTONIUM PRODUCTION COMPLEX F REACTOR PLUTONIUM PRODUCTION COMPLEX Hanford Engineer Works, 1945 Resources > Photo Gallery Plutonium production area, Hanford, ca. 1945 The F Reactor plutonium production complex at Hanford. The "boxy" building between the two water towers on the right is the plutonium production reactor; the long building in the center of the photograph is the water treatment plant. The photograph was reproduced from Henry DeWolf Smyth, Atomic Energy for Military Purposes: The Official Report on the Development of the Atomic Bomb under the Auspices of the United States Government, 1940-1945 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1945). The Smyth Report was commissioned by Leslie Groves and originally issued by the Manhattan Engineer District. Princeton University Press reprinted it in book form as a "public service" with "reproduction in whole or in part authorized and permitted."

119

Timeline of Events: 1971 to 1980 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

71 to 1980 71 to 1980 Timeline of Events: 1971 to 1980 August 4, 1977: Energy Organization Act President Carter signs the Department of Energy Organization Act. The Federal Energy Administration and Energy Research and Development Administration are abolished. Read more October, 1973: The First Energy Crisis On October 6, 1973, the Yom Kippur War breaks out in the Middle East. October 17, 1973, the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries declares an oil embargo, sparking the first "energy crisis." Read more March 28, 1979: Three Mile Island A partial meltdown of the core occurs at one of the two reactors at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Read more Return to Timeline of Events: 1951 to 1970 Continue to Timeline of Events: 1981 to 1990

120

Timeline of Events: 1951 to 1970 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

51 to 1970 51 to 1970 Timeline of Events: 1951 to 1970 October 31, 1952: Mike Test The Atomic Energy Commission detonates the first thermonuclear device, code-named "Mike," at Enewetak Atoll in the Pacific. Read more December 23, 1957: Shippingport The Shippingport Atomic Power Station, the world's first full-scale nuclear power plant, becomes operational. Read more March 13, 1968: Oil discovered on Alaska's North Slope The Atlantic Richfield Company and Humble Oil and Refining Company announce the discovery of oil on the North Slope of Alaska at Prudhoe Bay. Read more Return to Timeline of Events: 1939 to 1950 Continue to Timeline of Events: 1971 to 1980 December 20, 1951 The Experimental Breeder Reactor No. 1 located at the National Reactor Testing Station near Arco, Idaho, produces the first electric power from a

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Timeline of Events: 1981 to 1990 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

81 to 1990 81 to 1990 Timeline of Events: 1981 to 1990 April 26, 1986: Chernobyl A major nuclear accident occurs at Chernobyl Reactor #4 near Pripyat, Ukraine in the Soviet Union, spreading radioactive contamination over a large area. Read more March 23, 1983: Reagan Announces SDI President Reagan addresses the nation on national security and announces the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), a satellite-based defense system that would destroy incoming missiles and warheads in space. Read more November 8, 1983: Defense Waste Processing Facility The Department begins construction of the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) at the Savannah River Plant in South Carolina/ Read more Return to Timeline of Events: 1971 to 1980 Continue to Timeline of Events: 1991 to 2000 January 20, 1981

122

Planetary formation theory developed, tested: predicts timeline for life  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Planetary formation theory developed, tested: predicts timeline for Planetary formation theory developed, tested: predicts timeline for life After the Big Bang: Theory suggests first planets formed after first generations of stars The researchers' calculations predict properties of first planet and timeline for life. May 3, 2012 image description The researchers state that the formation of Earth-like planets is not itself a sufficient prerequisite for life. Early galaxies contained strong sources of life-threatening radiation, such as supernovae and black holes. Therefore, they conclude that the conditions for life emerged only after the earliest epoch of galaxy formation. Get Expertise Jarrett Johnson Nuclear and Particle Physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology Email Hui Li Nuclear and Particle Physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology

123

Timeline of Events: 1991 to 2000 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

91 to 2000 91 to 2000 Timeline of Events: 1991 to 2000 April 25, 1997: Yucca Mountain exploratory drilling. Workers complete drilling of the five-mile long, horseshoe-shaped exploratory tunnel through Yucca Mountain. Read more October 24, 1992: Energy Policy Act President Bush signs the Energy Policy Act of 1992, which assists the implementation of the National Energy Strategy. Read more June 11, 1999: National Ignition Facility Secretary Richardson dedicates the National Ignition Facility target chamber at DOE's Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Read more Return to Timeline of Events: 1981 to 1990 Continue to Timeline of Events: 2001 January 16-17, 1991 United Nations coalition forces launch Operation Desert Storm when Saddam Hussein refuses to withdraw from Kuwait.

124

EA-1903: Kansas State University Zond Wind Energy Project, Manhattan,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Kansas State University Zond Wind Energy Project, 3: Kansas State University Zond Wind Energy Project, Manhattan, Kansas EA-1903: Kansas State University Zond Wind Energy Project, Manhattan, Kansas SUMMARY This EA evaluates the potential environmental impacts of a proposal to use Congressional Directed funds to develop the Great Plains Wind Energy Consortium aimed at increasing the penetration of wind energy via distributed wind power generation throughout the region. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD October 21, 2013 EA-1903: Notice of Extension Kansas State University Zond Wind Energy Project, Manhattan, Kansas September 11, 2013 EA-1903: Draft Environmental Assessment Kansas State University Zond Wind Energy Project, Manhattan, Kansas September 11, 2013

125

New Manhattan Project Resource Page Launched | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manhattan Project Resource Page Launched Manhattan Project Resource Page Launched New Manhattan Project Resource Page Launched July 16, 2013 - 5:48pm Addthis General Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer are pictured here at the Trinity Test site in New Mexico, 1945. General Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer are pictured here at the Trinity Test site in New Mexico, 1945. Terry Fehner Terry Fehner Historian, Federal Preservation Officer Andy Weston-Dawkes Director of the Office of Classification What are the key facts? From Trinity to today -- learn about the Department's direct connection with the Manhattan Project here. Sixty-eight years ago today, on an isolated corner of the Alamogordo Bombing Range in southern New Mexico, the atomic age began. At precisely 5:30 a.m., a device fueled with about 13œ pounds of plutonium, in a weapon

126

Work of Manhattan Project-era photographer Ed Westcott lives...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ridge during the Manhattan Project, can be seen throughout the walls of Y-12 National Security Complex buildings and in other locations in Oak Ridge. His work is also featured...

127

Manhattan Project Truck Unearthed in Recovery Act Cleanup  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

www.em.doe.govemrecovery April 20, 2011 Remnants of 1940s military truck buried in a Manhattan Project-era landfill LOS ALAMOS, N.M. - A Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)...

128

Electric Transit Service for the City of Manhattan, Kansas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report details results of an EPRI-commissioned study from the Santa Barbara Electric Transportation Institute (SBETI) relating to electric transit service for the City of Manhattan, Kansas.

2001-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

129

Correspondence (Top Secret) of the Manhattan Engineer District, 1942--1946  

SciTech Connect

This pamphlet prepared by the National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives Records Service provides an overview to a collection of formerly security classified `Top Secret` correspondence maintained by Major General Leslie Groves when commanding general of the Manhattan District from September, 1942 to December, 1946. The pamphlet describes the administrative history of the record collection. The records are described as well as how they are arranged along with finding aids and content of records. For further details concerning the se records the user is referred to the US National Archives, Washington.

1982-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

130

Manhattan Project: Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer EVALUATIONS OF TRINITY Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer EVALUATIONS OF TRINITY (July 1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 Only minutes after the world's first ever atomic explosion, Leslie Groves and Robert Oppenheimer (above) began composing their report for the Secretary of War and President Truman. There was a sense of urgency surrounding this notification, as Truman had already arrived at Potsdam (outside of Berlin) to confer with other Allied leaders on the conclusion of the war with Japan. Now that the potential of the bomb had been proven, the calculations behind the Potsdam negotiations were dramatically different.

131

Manhattan Project: Groves and the MED, 1942  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Colonel James Marshall, 1946 GROVES AND THE MED Colonel James Marshall, 1946 GROVES AND THE MED (1942) Events > Difficult Choices, 1942 More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 The summer of 1942 proved to be a troublesome one for the fledgling bomb project. Colonel James C. Marshall (right) received the assignment of directing the Laboratory for the Development of Substitute Metals, or DSM, the military's initial cover name for the project. Marshall immediately moved from Syracuse, where he served in the Corps's Syracuse Engineer District, to New York City. Concerned that the name DSM would attract too much attention, the military set up the Manhattan Engineer District (MED), established by general order on August 13. Marshall, like most other Army officers, knew nothing of nuclear physics. Furthermore, Marshall and his Army superiors were disposed to move cautiously. In one case, for instance, Marshall delayed purchase of an excellent production site in Tennessee pending further study, while the scientists who had been involved in the project from the start were pressing for immediate purchase. Although Vannevar Bush had carefully managed the transition to Army control, there was not yet a mechanism to arbitrate disagreements between the S-1 Committee and the military. The resulting lack of coordination complicated attempts to gain a higher priority for scarce materials and boded ill for the future of the entire bomb project.

132

Assessment Plan and Timeline Department of Social Work  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 3 3 Assessment Plan and Timeline Department of Social Work Program Learning Goals & Outcomes When to actively engage clients this way? Program Objective 1. Understand and commit to the social work value and practice communication skills for effectively social work practice Program Objective 7. Learn and apply

de Lijser, Peter

133

Financial Aid Office 2010-2011 FINANCIAL AID TIMELINE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@mail.wvu.edu Morgantown - Health Sciences Center Campus WVU Financial Aid Office Robert C. Byrd HSC PO Box 9810 MorgantownFinancial Aid Office 2010-2011 FINANCIAL AID TIMELINE To explore your financial aid options before, Academic Competiveness Grants (ACG), National Science & Mathematics Access to Retain Talent (SMART) Grant

Mohaghegh, Shahab

134

ALS History: The First 20 Years  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History: The First 20 Years Print History: The First 20 Years Print Below is an interactive timeline covering highlights of the first 20 years of ALS history. By no means exhaustive, it is meant to provide a broad overview of the people and events that have helped shape the ALS as well as a sense of the breadth of the science that has been done here. Click on items to see more detail. Slide the blue rectangle at bottom to move forward or backward in time. Color Key: Science Highlights (green); People and Events (orange); Concurrent Events (blue); Facility Facts (purple) Tiki-Toki ALS Timeline: Science, People, and Events About this timeline This timeline shows the history of the Advanced Light Source. Slide the blue rectangle at bottom to move forward or backward in time.;xNLx;;xNLx;Color Key:;xNLx;;xNLx;Green = Science

135

ALS History: The First 20 Years  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History: The First 20 Years Print History: The First 20 Years Print Below is an interactive timeline covering highlights of the first 20 years of ALS history. By no means exhaustive, it is meant to provide a broad overview of the people and events that have helped shape the ALS as well as a sense of the breadth of the science that has been done here. Click on items to see more detail. Slide the blue rectangle at bottom to move forward or backward in time. Color Key: Science Highlights (green); People and Events (orange); Concurrent Events (blue); Facility Facts (purple) Tiki-Toki ALS Timeline: Science, People, and Events About this timeline This timeline shows the history of the Advanced Light Source. Slide the blue rectangle at bottom to move forward or backward in time.;xNLx;;xNLx;Color Key:;xNLx;;xNLx;Green = Science

136

Manhattan Project: Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-Present  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson and Secretary of State James F. Byrnes arrive at the Gatow Airport in Berlin for the Potsdam Conference, July 15, 1945. SEARCH FOR A POLICY ON INTERNATIONAL CONTROL Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson and Secretary of State James F. Byrnes arrive at the Gatow Airport in Berlin for the Potsdam Conference, July 15, 1945. SEARCH FOR A POLICY ON INTERNATIONAL CONTROL (August to November 1945) Events > Postscript -- The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present In the immediate aftermath of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, President Harry S. Truman and his top officials viewed the Soviet Union as the primary stumbling block in the move toward international control of the atomic bomb. Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson and Secretary of State James F. Byrnes represented the two poles of an uncertain and divided policy. Despite his ongoing misgivings concerning the Soviets, Stimson determined that unless the United States offered full partnership in the development of atomic energy the Soviet Union would begin "a secret armament race of a rather desperate character." Byrnes, on the eve of the first postwar foreign ministers conference to be held in London, remained adamant in opposition to any attempt to cooperate with the Soviets on atomic energy and viewed the bomb as a diplomatic asset that would make the Soviets more amenable. As Stimson observed in his diary, Byrnes went to London fully set on having "the implied threat of the bomb in his pocket during the conference."

137

Manhattan Project: Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-Present  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Bernard Baruch presents the United States plan for international control of atomic energy to the United Nations, June 14, 1946. NEGOTIATING INTERNATIONAL CONTROL Bernard Baruch presents the United States plan for international control of atomic energy to the United Nations, June 14, 1946. NEGOTIATING INTERNATIONAL CONTROL (December 1945-1946) Events > Postscript -- The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present After American, British, and Canadian officials agreed at the November 1945 Washington meeting to a negotiating approach on international control, Secretary of State James F. Byrnes quickly arranged for the Big Three foreign ministers to meet in Moscow in mid-December. Atomic energy, which the Soviets placed last on a long list of agenda items, was discussed only in terms of the United Nations proposal. Surprising Byrnes with their willingness to cooperate, the Soviets acquiesced to the American proposal, which was based on the Washington joint declaration, but with one exception. They agreed that the commission should be set up by the United Nations General Assembly, but, counter to the American plan, they insisted that the commission report to the Security Council and be accountable to it "in matters affecting security." This was no mere procedural difference. Most of the members in the General Assembly, where decisions were made by majority rule, were more closely aligned to the United States than to the Soviet Union. In the Security Council, the Soviet Union possessed the veto and could effectively halt any commission actions that it found objectionable.

138

Chronological History of Federal Fleet Actions and Mandates (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This chronological history of Federal fleet actions and mandates provides a year-by-year timeline of the acts, amendments, executive orders, and other regulations that affect Federal fleets. The fleet actions and mandates included in the timeline span from 1988 to 2009.

Not Available

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Manhattan --3D City Visualizations in Eclipse Alberto Bacchelli, Francesco Rigotti, Lile Hattori, and Michele Lanza  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tools already in use. We present Manhattan, an Eclipse plugin that visualizes projects in the workspace in isolation: When other developers modify the same project in their Eclipse instance, Manhattan visualizes of the activity of the team. Manhattan visualizes projects in the Eclipse workspace by using the 3D city metaphor

Lanza, Michele

140

ORISE: History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History History The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) is a national leader in science education and research, with programs dating back to 1946 and having served as an official U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) institute since 1992. The institute that eventually became what is known today as ORISE was the brainchild of University of Tennessee (UT) physics professor Dr. William G. Pollard. Aware of the valuable assets on hand in Oak Ridge, Tenn., as part of the Manhattan Project, Pollard talked about the possibility of aligning regional universities with the scientific resources and state-of-the-art equipment in Oak Ridge. On Oct. 17, 1946, Pollard's vision became a reality when the Oak Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies (ORINS) received a charter of incorporation

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The Manhattan Project: Making the atomic bomb  

SciTech Connect

This article is a short history of the origins and development of the American atomic bomb program during World War II. Beginning with the scientific developments of the pre-war years, the monograph details the role of US government in conducting a secret, nationwide enterprise that took science from the laboratory and into combat with an entirely new type of weapon. The monograph concludes with a discussion of the immediate postwar period, the debate over the Atomic Energy Act of 1946, and the founding of the Atomic Energy Commission.

Gosling, F.G.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Recovery Act milestone: Excavation begins at Manhattan Project landfill  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recovery Act milestone Recovery Act milestone Recovery Act milestone: Excavation begins at Manhattan Project landfill The six-acre site contains a series of trenches used from 1944 to 1948 to dispose of hazardous and non-hazardous trash from Manhattan Project labs and buildings. July 1, 2010 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

143

Manhattan Beach, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Manhattan Beach, California: Energy Resources Manhattan Beach, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 33.8847361°, -118.4109089° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.8847361,"lon":-118.4109089,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

144

Manhattan Project: The "Big House"  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

THE "BIG HOUSE" THE "BIG HOUSE" Los Alamos Boys Ranch School and Los Alamos (The Town) Resources > Photo Gallery The "Big House," Los Alamos. The "Big House" was the dormitory for the Los Alamos Boys Ranch School. Students slept year-round on its unheated porches. During the Manhattan Project, the Big House contained, among other things, a library, the Chaplain's Office, and the Red Cross headquarters. Privileged guests and high-ranking civilians also sometimes stayed there. The photograph above is reproduced from Edith C. Truslow, with Kasha V. Thayer, ed., Manhattan Engineer District: Nonscientific Aspects of Los Alamos Project Y, 1942 through 1946 (Los Alamos, NM: Manhattan Engineer District, ca. 1946; first printed by Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory as LA-5200, March 1973; reprinted in 1997 by the Los Alamos Historical Society), 58. The photograph below is of a group of Ranch School students in front of the Big House; it is reproduced from "Dateline: Los Alamos," a special issue of the monthly publication of Los Alamos National Laboratory (1995), 7. At the bottom is an "establishing shot" of Los Alamos in which Fuller Lodge and the Big House are visible in the distance to the left and the right, respectively; click here for more information on this photograph.

145

Manhattan Project: Los Alamos Street Scene  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

LOS ALAMOS STREET SCENE LOS ALAMOS STREET SCENE Los Alamos (The Town) Resources > Photo Gallery Los Alamos street scene. Fuller Lodge and the "Big House" are visible in the distance (see below). Above is a view of Los Alamos (looking north). In the distance, Fuller Lodge and the "Big House" are visible to the left and right, respectively (see below). The photograph is reproduced from Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Los Alamos: Beginning of an Era, 1943-1945 (Los Alamos: Public Relations Office, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, ca. 1967-1971), 13. The labels and "close-ups" below were made by the Office of History and Heritage Resources. Los Alamos street scene (labeled) Close-up of Fuller Lodge Close-up of the "Big House" Click on a link below to return to:

146

Manhattan Project: Adventures Inside the Atom  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

ADVENTURES INSIDE THE ATOM ADVENTURES INSIDE THE ATOM General Electric, National Archives (1948) Resources > Library Below is Adventures Inside the Atom, a comic book history of nuclear energy that was produced in 1948 by the General Electric Company. Scroll down to view the full-size images of each page. This publication was produced at the request of the the Assistant Manager for Public Education, Oak Ridge Operations Office, Atomic Energy Commission. It is reproduced here via the National Archives. Adventures Inside the Atom, p. 1 Adventures Inside the Atom, p. 2 Adventures Inside the Atom, p. 3 Adventures Inside the Atom, p. 4 Adventures Inside the Atom, p. 5 Adventures Inside the Atom, p. 6 Adventures Inside the Atom, p. 7 Adventures Inside the Atom, p. 8 Adventures Inside the Atom, p. 9

147

Early social history of Los Alamos focus of 70th anniversary...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

teaching U.S., New Mexico and public history courses. Hunner will talk about the "instant city" that was created when Los Alamos was selected as one of the Manhattan Project sites...

148

History | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

About Energy.gov » History About Energy.gov » History History History The Department of Energy has one of the richest and most diverse histories in the Federal Government. Although only in existence since 1977, the Department traces its lineage to the Manhattan Project effort to develop the atomic bomb during World War II and to the various energy-related programs that previously had been dispersed throughout various Federal agencies. The Department has made available to researchers and the general public a rich variety of materials and information: Historical Resources, including published and online histories of the Department and its predecessor agencies and information on records, exhibits, museums, and tours available online and at various locations both within and outside the Department. Major publications and websites can be

149

History | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About Energy.gov » History About Energy.gov » History History History The Department of Energy has one of the richest and most diverse histories in the Federal Government. Although only in existence since 1977, the Department traces its lineage to the Manhattan Project effort to develop the atomic bomb during World War II and to the various energy-related programs that previously had been dispersed throughout various Federal agencies. The Department has made available to researchers and the general public a rich variety of materials and information: Historical Resources, including published and online histories of the Department and its predecessor agencies and information on records, exhibits, museums, and tours available online and at various locations both within and outside the Department. Major publications and websites can be

150

Commemorating Black History: Contributions of African Americans to the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commemorating Black History: Contributions of African Americans to Commemorating Black History: Contributions of African Americans to the Manhattan Project Commemorating Black History: Contributions of African Americans to the Manhattan Project February 21, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis July 20, 1944 July 20, 1944 September 21, 1944 September 21, 1944 March 24, 1944 March 24, 1944 June 27, 1944 June 27, 1944 July 20, 1944 September 21, 1944 March 24, 1944 June 27, 1944 The Department of Energy (DOE) commissioned an exhibit documenting the contributions of African Americans to the Manhattan Project at Hanford Reservation. The exhibit features pictures taken from the Hanford archives and oral histories of African Americans. The site was used to produce plutonium for the bomb that brought an end to World War II. During that era, people from all over the country came to Hanford, ultimately forming a

151

History Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

laboratories operated by private contractors was established, comprising both existing Manhattan Project Laboratories, such as Oak Ridge National Laboratory, then operated by...

152

Development of a statistically based access delay timeline methodology.  

SciTech Connect

The charter for adversarial delay is to hinder access to critical resources through the use of physical systems increasing an adversary's task time. The traditional method for characterizing access delay has been a simple model focused on accumulating times required to complete each task with little regard to uncertainty, complexity, or decreased efficiency associated with multiple sequential tasks or stress. The delay associated with any given barrier or path is further discounted to worst-case, and often unrealistic, times based on a high-level adversary, resulting in a highly conservative calculation of total delay. This leads to delay systems that require significant funding and personnel resources in order to defend against the assumed threat, which for many sites and applications becomes cost prohibitive. A new methodology has been developed that considers the uncertainties inherent in the problem to develop a realistic timeline distribution for a given adversary path. This new methodology incorporates advanced Bayesian statistical theory and methodologies, taking into account small sample size, expert judgment, human factors and threat uncertainty. The result is an algorithm that can calculate a probability distribution function of delay times directly related to system risk. Through further analysis, the access delay analyst or end user can use the results in making informed decisions while weighing benefits against risks, ultimately resulting in greater system effectiveness with lower cost.

Rivera, W. Gary; Robinson, David Gerald; Wyss, Gregory Dane; Hendrickson, Stacey M. Langfitt

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Manhattan Project: Postscript--The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Government-suggested fallout shelter design, 1950s POSTSCRIPT--THE NUCLEAR AGE Government-suggested fallout shelter design, 1950s POSTSCRIPT--THE NUCLEAR AGE (1945-Present) Events Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present Joe 1, the first Soviet atomic test, August 29, 1949. The end of the Second World War brought with it a whole new set of issues and problems, not least of which was the dilemma of what to do with the nuclear genie now that he had been let out of the bottle. In the United States, and around the world, news of the atomic bomb created among the public a sense of shock and awe. Manhattan Engineer District officials took certain obvious steps such as slowing down the program from its wartime pace, but the assembly of additional nuclear weapons did quietly continue.

154

Manhattan Project: Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Trinity, July 16, 1945 DAWN OF THE ATOMIC ERA (1945) Events The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 As the war entered its final phase, the Manhattan Project became an increasingly important and controversial element in American strategy. Debate over how to use the bomb began in earnest in early summer of 1945. The Trinity atomic test of July 16 (right) confirmed that the stakes for this decision were very high. With a blast equivalent of approximately 21 kilotons of TNT, the test explosion was greater than had been predicted, and the dispersal of radioactive fallout following the test made safety something of a near thing. News of the success at Trinity reached President Harry S. Truman at the Potsdam Conference.

155

EA-1782: Avian and Bat Surveillance and Assessment Plan Timeline and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

82: Avian and Bat Surveillance and Assessment Plan Timeline 82: Avian and Bat Surveillance and Assessment Plan Timeline and Deliverables EA-1782: Avian and Bat Surveillance and Assessment Plan Timeline and Deliverables Avian and Bat Surveillance and Assessment Plan Timeline and Deliverables The University of Delaware, College of Earth Ocean and Environment (hereinafter CEOE) has constructed a 2MW Gamesa G90 Wind Turbine immediately adjacent to the College's Lewes, Delaware campus. Prior to construction of the turbine, CEOE commissioned an evaluation of the impact of a single turbine in the dredge spoil area adjacent to our campus. The conclusion of that evaluation was that "impacts are likely to be minimal and not biologically significant." (Phase I Avian Risk Assessment, Kerlinger and Guarnaccia, January 2010, incorporated as Appendix D to DOE

156

Manhattan Project: Establishing Los Alamos, 1942-1943  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Entrance to the Los Alamos "Tech Area" ESTABLISHING LOS ALAMOS Entrance to the Los Alamos "Tech Area" ESTABLISHING LOS ALAMOS (Los Alamos: Laboratory, 1942-1943) Events > Bringing it All Together, 1942-1945 Establishing Los Alamos, 1942-1943 Early Bomb Design, 1943-1944 Basic Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944 Implosion Becomes a Necessity, 1944 Oak Ridge and Hanford Come Through, 1944-1945 Final Bomb Design, 1944-1945 Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945 Espionage and the Manhattan Project, 1940-1945 Map of Los Alamos, New Mexico. The final link in the Manhattan Project's far-flung network was the bomb research and development laboratory at Los Alamos, located in the mountains of northern New Mexico. Codenamed "Project Y," the laboratory that designed and fabricated the first atomic bombs began to take shape in spring 1942 when James Conant suggested to Vannevar Bush that the Office of Scientific and Research Development and the Army form a committee to study bomb development. Bush agreed and forwarded the recommendation to Vice President Henry Wallace, Secretary of War Henry Stimson, and General George Marshall (the Top Policy Group). By the time of his appointment in late September, Leslie Groves had orders to set up a committee to study military applications of the bomb. Meanwhile, sentiment was growing among the Manhattan Project scientists that research on the bomb project needed to be better coordinated. Robert Oppenheimer, among others, advocated a central facility where theoretical and experimental work could be conducted according to standard scientific protocols. This would insure accuracy and speed progress. Oppenheimer suggested that the bomb design laboratory operate secretly in an isolated area but allow free exchange of ideas among the scientists on the staff. Groves accepted Oppenheimer's suggestion and began seeking an appropriate location. By the end of the year, they had settled on an unlikely site for the laboratory: an isolated boys' school on a mesa high in the Jemez Mountains (map at left).

157

Why Star Wars is not like the Manhattan Project  

SciTech Connect

The absence of a viable plan appears to enhance the strength of the Strategic defense initiative (SDI) advocates' position that this is their opportunity to emulate the Manhattan Project. The author argues that this is a false analogy, that the critics need a less glamorous argument than identifying SDI with Star Wars. Quoting from Freemon Dyson's Weapons and Hope, he notes that the goal of rendering nuclear weapons obsolete is a grant technical folly more analogous to the nuclear airplane project. Rationalizations enable special-interest groups to pursue narrow technical concerns without worrying about the original goal. The driving force of the arms race has made the hydrogen bomb almost irrelevant through technical obsolescence, yet a decision not to test it might have deterred the Soviets as well. A rejection of Star Wars offers a similar opportunity to preclude a new arms race.

Tierney, J.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Manhattan Project: Basic Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Norris Bradbury, Robert Oppenheimer, Richard Feynman, Enrico Fermi, and others, Los Alamos, 1946 BASIC RESEARCH AT LOS ALAMOS Norris Bradbury, Robert Oppenheimer, Richard Feynman, Enrico Fermi, and others, Los Alamos, 1946 BASIC RESEARCH AT LOS ALAMOS (Los Alamos: Laboratory, 1943-1944) Events > Bringing It All Together, 1942-1945 Establishing Los Alamos, 1942-1943 Early Bomb Design, 1943-1944 Basic Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944 Implosion Becomes a Necessity, 1944 Oak Ridge and Hanford Come Through, 1944-1945 Final Bomb Design, 1944-1945 Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945 Espionage and the Manhattan Project, 1940-1945 Enrico Fermi The first few months at Los Alamos were occupied with briefings on nuclear physics for the technical staff and with planning research priorities and organizing the laboratory. Leslie Groves called once again on Warren Lewis to head a committee, this time to evaluate the Los Alamos program. The committee's recommendations resulted in the coordinated effort envisioned by those who advocated a unified laboratory for bomb research. Enrico Fermi (left) took control of critical mass experiments and standardization of measurement Hans Bethe techniques. Plutonium purification work, begun at the Met Lab, became high priority at Los Alamos, and increased attention was paid to metallurgy. The committee also recommended that an engineering division be organized to collaborate with physicists on bomb design and fabrication. The laboratory was thus organized into four divisions: theoretical (Hans A. Bethe, right); experimental physics (Robert F. Bacher); chemistry and metallurgy (Joseph W. Kennedy); and ordnance (Navy Captain William S. "Deke" Parsons). Like other Manhattan Project installations, Los Alamos soon began to expand beyond initial expectations.

159

Manhattan Project: Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, 1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Ernest Lawrence, Arthur Compton, Vannevar Bush, James Conant, Karl Compton, and Alfred Loomis, Berkeley, 1940 DEBATE OVER HOW TO USE THE BOMB Ernest Lawrence, Arthur Compton, Vannevar Bush, James Conant, Karl Compton, and Alfred Loomis, Berkeley, 1940 DEBATE OVER HOW TO USE THE BOMB (Washington, D.C., Late Spring 1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 J. Robert Oppenheimer, Enrico Fermi, and Ernest Lawrence In early May 1945, Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson, with the approval of President Harry S. Truman, formed an Interim Committee of top officials charged with recommending the proper use of atomic weapons in wartime and developing a position for the United States on postwar atomic policy. Stimson headed the advisory group composed of Vannevar Bush, James Conant, Karl T. Compton, Under Secretary of the Navy Ralph A. Bard, Assistant Secretary of State William L. Clayton, and future Secretary of State James F. Byrnes. Robert Oppenheimer, Enrico Fermi, Arthur Compton, and Ernest Lawrence served as scientific advisors (the Scientific Panel), while General George Marshall represented the military. The committee met on May 31 and then again the next day with leaders from the business side of the Manhattan Project, including Walter S. Carpenter of DuPont, James C. White of Tennessee Eastman, George H. Bucher of Westinghouse, and James A. Rafferty of Union Carbide.

160

NTS_History.indd  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Atmospheric Nuclear Atmospheric Nuclear Weapons Testing 1951 - 1963 Battlefi eld of the Cold War The Nevada Test Site United States Department of Energy Volume I Of related interest: Origins of the Nevada Test Site by Terrence R. Fehner and F. G. Gosling The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb * by F. G. Gosling The United States Department of Energy: A Summary History, 1977 - 1994 * by Terrence R. Fehner and Jack M. Holl * Copies available from the U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave. S.W., Washington, DC 20585 Attention: Offi ce of History and Heritage Resources Telephone: 301-903-5431 DOE/MA-0003 Terrence R. Fehner & F. G. Gosling Offi ce of History and Heritage Resources Executive Secretariat Offi ce of Management Department of Energy September 2006 Battlefi eld of the Cold War

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11 TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: TA-1 MANHATTAN LABORATORY (NM.11 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Main Technical Area LASL LANL NM.11-1 NM.11-2 NM.11-3 Location: Los Alamos , New Mexico NM.11-3 Evaluation Year: 1985 NM.11-1 Site Operations: Nuclear weapons research and development. NM.11-1 NM.11-3 Site Disposition: Site Disposition NM.11-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium , Plutonium, Fission Products NM.11-1 NM.11-3 Radiological Survey(s): Yes NM.11-2 NM.11-3 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP NM.11-1 Also see Documents Related to TA-1 MANHATTAN LABORATORY NM.11-1 - DOE Memorandum/Checklist; Jones to File; Subject:

162

Special Resource Study/Environmental Assessment for Manhattan Project Sites, DOE/EA-1868 (September 2010)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The purpose of this study is to comply with the Manhattan Project National Historical Park Study Act (Public Law 108-340), passed in 2004, which directed the Secretary of the Interior to “conduct a...

163

Luxury condos : an analysis of sales price and hotel amenities in Manhattan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this research project is to examine the market pricing behavior of condos with hotel amenities in the Manhattan condo market. To do this, data was compiled from multiple sources to track variations in price ...

Dolan, Amelia Jane

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Organization Timeline (1947-Present) | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Organization Timeline (1947-Present) Organization Timeline (1947-Present) OSTI Directors Timeline, 1994 to 1997 1984 DOE/OSTI 1977 DOE/TIC 1975 ERDA/TIC 1972 AEC/TIC 1962 AEC/DTIE 1960 AEC/OTIE 1956 AEC/TISE 1951 AEC/TIS 1948 AEC/TID 1947 ORO/TID Names and administrations may come and go, but the foundation of OSTI's mission has remained the same: to advance science by making R&D findings available and useful to advance discovery. Oak Ridge Directed Operations (ORO) U.S. President Manager Name 1947 Truman Thompson Technical Information Division (TID) U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) U.S. President Manager Name 1948 Truman Boardman Technical Information Division (TID) 1951 Truman Boardman/Abdian Technical Information Service (TIS) 1953 Eisenhower Abdian Technical Information Service (TIS)

165

Manhattan Project: The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 THE ATOMIC BOMBING OF HIROSHIMA Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 THE ATOMIC BOMBING OF HIROSHIMA (Hiroshima, Japan, August 6, 1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 In the early morning hours of August 6, 1945, a B-29 bomber named Enola Gay took off from the island of Tinian and headed north by northwest toward Japan. The bomber's primary target was the city of Hiroshima, located on the deltas of southwestern Honshu Island facing the Inland Sea. Hiroshima had a civilian population of almost 300,000 and was an important military center, containing about 43,000 soldiers.

166

Manhattan Project: The Navy and Thermal Diffusion, 1944  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Diffusion columns, S-50 Thermal Diffusion Plant, Oak Ridge, 1945. THE NAVY AND THERMAL DIFFUSION Diffusion columns, S-50 Thermal Diffusion Plant, Oak Ridge, 1945. THE NAVY AND THERMAL DIFFUSION (Oak Ridge: Clinton, 1944) Events > The Uranium Path to the Bomb, 1942-1944 Y-12: Design, 1942-1943 Y-12: Construction, 1943 Y-12: Operation, 1943-1944 Working K-25 into the Mix, 1943-1944 The Navy and Thermal Diffusion, 1944 As problems with both Y-12 and K-25 reached crisis proportions in spring and summer 1944, the Manhattan Project received help from an unexpected source: the United States Navy. President Roosevelt had instructed that the atomic bomb effort be an Army program and that the Navy be excluded from deliberations. Navy research on atomic power, conducted primarily for submarines, received no direct aid from Leslie Groves, who, in fact, was not up-to-date on the state of Navy efforts when he received a letter on the subject from Robert Oppenheimer late in April 1944.

167

Manhattan Project: Operation Crossroads, Bikini Atoll, July 1946  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Crossroads Baker, Bikini Atoll, July 25, 1946 OPERATION CROSSROADS Crossroads Baker, Bikini Atoll, July 25, 1946 OPERATION CROSSROADS (Bikini Atoll, July 1946) Events > Postscript -- The Nuclear Age, 1945-present Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present Even after the Trinity test and the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, military officials still knew far less than they would have liked about the effects, especially on naval targets, of nuclear weapons. Accordingly, the Joint Chiefs of Staff requested and received presidential approval to conduct a series of tests during summer 1946. Vice Admiral W. H. P. Blandy, head of the test series task force, proposed calling the series Operation "Crossroads." "It was apparent," he noted, "that warfare, perhaps civilization itself, had been brought to a turning point by this revolutionary weapon."

168

Manhattan Project: The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 THE ATOMIC BOMBING OF NAGASAKI Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 THE ATOMIC BOMBING OF NAGASAKI (Nagasaki, Japan, August 9, 1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 The next break in the weather over Japan was due to appear just three days after the attack on Hiroshima, to be followed by at least five more days of prohibitive weather. The plutonium implosion bomb, nicknamed "Fat Man," was rushed into readiness to take advantage of this window. No further orders were required for the attack. Truman's order of July 25th had authorized the dropping of additional bombs as soon as they were ready. At 3:47 a.m. on August 9, 1945, a B-29 named Bock's Car lifted off from Tinian and headed toward the primary target: Kokura Arsenal, a massive collection of war industries adjacent to the city of Kokura.

169

Manhattan Project: Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Japanese envoys arrive on board the U.S.S. Missouri for the surrender ceremony, Tokyo Bay, September 2, 1945. JAPAN SURRENDERS Japanese envoys arrive on board the U.S.S. Missouri for the surrender ceremony, Tokyo Bay, September 2, 1945. JAPAN SURRENDERS (August 10-15, 1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 Prior to the atomic attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, elements existed within the Japanese government that were trying to find a way to end the war. In June and July 1945, Japan attempted to enlist the help of the Soviet Union to serve as an intermediary in negotiations. No direct communication occurred with the United States about peace talks, but American leaders knew of these maneuvers because the United States for a long time had been intercepting and decoding many internal Japanese diplomatic communications. From these intercepts, the United States learned that some within the Japanese government advocated outright surrender. A few diplomats overseas cabled home to urge just that.

170

Mound History and Information  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Mound Site History and Information Mound Site History and Information The Mound site, formerly known as the Mound Plant or Facility, takes its name from a nearby Na- tive American burial mound. The 306 acre facility is sited on a hill in the center of Miamisburg, Ohio. Construction of the Mound Plant began in 1946, and the site became operational in 1949. Mound, the nation's first post-war U.S. Atomic Energy Commission site to be constructed, was established to consolidate and continue the work conducted at the Dayton Units for the Manhattan Project. Much of the work at the Mound Plant during the Cold War involved production of the polonium- beryllium initiators used in early atomic weapons and the manufacture of and research related to ra- dionuclides. In the 1950s, the facility began to

171

Retirement TimeLine TIAA-CREF/Fidelity Retirement Plan Participant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Retirement TimeLine TIAA-CREF/Fidelity Retirement Plan Participant Retirement planning is essential early in your career! Your TIAA-CREF/Fidelity retirement account is based on the University retirement accounts ­ it is never too early to plan for your retirement! · Review your TIAA

172

Classroom BRIDGE: using collaborative public and desktop timelines to support activity awareness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Classroom BRIDGE supports activity awareness by facilitating planning and goal revision in collaborative, project-based middle school science. It integrates large-screen and desktop views of project times to support incidental creation of awareness information ... Keywords: CSCL, CSCW, activity awareness, large screen display, multiple-device system, timeline interface

Craig H. Ganoe; Jacob P. Somervell; Dennis C. Neale; Philip L. Isenhour; John M. Carroll; Mary Beth Rosson; D. Scott McCrickard

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Manhattan Project: The Cold War, 1945-1990  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

West Berliner talks to the East, Berlin Wall, November 1962 THE COLD WAR West Berliner talks to the East, Berlin Wall, November 1962 THE COLD WAR (1945-1990) Events > Postscript -- The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present Joseph Stalin (with Vyacheslav Molotov), February 1945 The postwar organization of atomic energy took place against the backdrop of growing tension with the Soviet Union. Relations between the United States and the Soviet Union had been strained ever since the revolution of 1917 had first brought communists to power in Russia. This mutual distrust further deepened following the Soviet "non-aggression" treaty with Nazi Germany in August 1939 and the Soviet Union's subsequent invasions of Poland, Finland, and the Baltic Republics. Although Britain was allied with the Soviet Union following Germany's June 1941 invasion of Russia, as was the United States in the aftermath of Pearl Harbor, mutual suspicion lingered throughout the Second World War. The failure of the United States and Britain to tell the Soviet Union about the atomic bomb in anything other than the most vague terms only heightened the extreme suspicions of the Soviet dictator, Joseph Stalin (right). Not only did the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki help end the Second World War, but they also played a role in setting the stage for the half-century of conflict with the Soviet Union that followed it -- the Cold War.

174

Manhattan Project: The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Trinity test, July 16, 1945 THE TRINITY TEST Trinity test, July 16, 1945 THE TRINITY TEST (Trinity Test Site, July 16, 1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 Bunker at S-10,000 Until the atomic bomb could be tested, doubt would remain about its effectiveness. The world had never seen a nuclear explosion before, and estimates varied widely on how much energy would be released. Some scientists at Los Alamos continued privately to have doubts that it would work at all. There was only enough weapons-grade uranium available for one bomb, and confidence in the gun-type design was high, so on July 14, 1945, most of the uranium bomb ("Little Boy") began its trip westward to the Pacific without its design having ever been fully tested. A test of the plutonium bomb seemed vital, however, both to confirm its novel implosion design and to gather data on nuclear explosions in general. Several plutonium bombs were now "in the pipeline" and would be available over the next few weeks and months. It was therefore decided to test one of these.

175

Manhattan Project: Hanford Becomes Operational, 1943-1944  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

F Reactor Plutonium Production Complex at Hanford, 1945 HANFORD BECOMES OPERATIONAL F Reactor Plutonium Production Complex at Hanford, 1945 HANFORD BECOMES OPERATIONAL (Hanford Engineer Works, 1943-1944) Events > The Plutonium Path to the Bomb, 1942-1944 Production Reactor (Pile) Design, 1942 DuPont and Hanford, 1942 CP-1 Goes Critical, December 2, 1942 Seaborg and Plutonium Chemistry, 1942-1944 Final Reactor Design and X-10, 1942-1943 Hanford Becomes Operational, 1943-1944 The plutonium production facilities at the Hanford Engineer Works took shape with the same wartime urgency as did the uranium facilities at Oak Ridge. In February 1943, Colonel Matthias returned to the location he had helped select the previous December and set up a temporary headquarters. In late March, Matthias received his assignment. The three water-cooled production reactor (piles), designated by the letters B, D, and F, would be built about six miles apart on the south bank of the Columbia River. The four chemical separation plants would be built in pairs at two sites nearly ten miles south of the piles. A facility to produce slugs and perform tests would be approximately twenty miles southeast of the separation plants near Richland. Temporary quarters for construction workers would be put up at the Hanford town site, while permanent facilities for other personnel would be located down the road in Richland, safely removed from the production and separation plants. Life at Hanford would soon come to resemble that of the other "atomic boomtowns" of the Manhattan Project, Los Alamos and Oak Ridge.

176

Manhattan Project: Bringing it All Together, 1942-1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Eric Jette, Charles Critchfield, and J. Robert Oppenheimer, Los Alamos BRINGING IT ALL TOGETHER Eric Jette, Charles Critchfield, and J. Robert Oppenheimer, Los Alamos BRINGING IT ALL TOGETHER (1942-1945) Events > Bringing It All Together, 1942-1945 Establishing Los Alamos, 1942-1943 Early Bomb Design, 1943-1944 Basic Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944 Implosion Becomes a Necessity, 1944 Oak Ridge and Hanford Come Through, 1944-1945 Final Bomb Design, 1944-1945 Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945 Espionage and the Manhattan Project, 1940-1945 No matter how much enriched uranium and plutonium might be produced at Oak Ridge and Hanford, it would all come to nothing if workable weapon designs could not be developed in time. To this end, in late 1942 Leslie Groves established a bomb research and development laboratory at Los Alamos in the remote mountains of northern New Mexico. The early work at Los Alamos concentrated primarily on defining the problems that needed to be solved. Basic research on a variety of theoretical issues continued throughout 1943. By 1944, it had become clear that, while a simple and reliable "gun-type" design could be used for a uranium bomb, the considerably more complicated implosion method would be required to produce a plutonium weapon. With the successful Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer Allied landings in France on "D-Day," June 6, 1944, the war in Europe appeared to be entering its final phase. Germany ceased to be the primary intended target. General Groves and his advisers turned their sights on Japan, and the rush was on to complete the atomic bomb in time to end the war in the Pacific.

177

Manhattan Project: Implosion Becomes a Necessity, Los Alamos, 1944  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Implosion IMPLOSION BECOMES A NECESSITY Implosion IMPLOSION BECOMES A NECESSITY (Los Alamos: Laboratory, 1944) Events > Bringing It All Together, 1942-1945 Establishing Los Alamos, 1942-1943 Early Bomb Design, 1943-1944 Basic Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944 Implosion Becomes a Necessity, 1944 Oak Ridge and Hanford Come Through, 1944-1945 Final Bomb Design, 1944-1945 Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945 Espionage and the Manhattan Project, 1940-1945 An early implosion experiment, Los Alamos, 1944 Because the gun-type bomb design seemed so simple and practical, Deke Parsons had assigned implosion studies a low priority and placed the emphasis on the more familiar artillery method. Consequently, Seth H. Neddermeyer performed his early implosion tests in relative obscurity. Neddermeyer found it difficult to achieve symmetrical implosions at the low velocities he had achieved. When the Princeton mathematician John von Neumann, a Hungarian refugee, visited Los Alamos late in 1943, he suggested that high-speed assembly and high velocities would prevent predetonation and achieve more symmetrical explosions. A relatively small, subcritical mass could be placed under so much pressure by a symmetrical implosion that an efficient detonation would occur. Less fissionable material would be required, bombs could be ready earlier, and extreme purification of plutonium would be unnecessary. Von Neumann's theories excited Robert Oppenheimer, who assigned Parsons's deputy, George B. Kistiakowsky, the task of perfecting implosion techniques. (Kistiakowsky would later become President Dwight D. Eisenhower's science adviser.) Because Parsons and Neddermeyer did not get along, it was Kistiakowsky who worked with the scientists on the implosion project.

178

Our History | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

History History Our History Elk Hills Naval Petroleum Reserve Circa 1920s Elk Hills Naval Petroleum Reserve Circa 1920s The Office of Fossil Energy has the longest directly-traceable history of any organization in the Department of Energy. While the nuclear energy program can look back to the Manhattan Project of World War II for its origins, the Federal Government's involvement in fossil fuel resources began several decades earlier, in the early 1900s. Oil Dominates Early Concerns The U.S.S. Colorado, Maryland, and West Virginia off the coast of California during the 1920's. The West Virginia was one of the first oil-burning ships. Much as today, petroleum was a major concern for the Federal Government at the start of the 20th century. Barely 50 years after the birth of the

179

Space and Time Variations in Turbulence during the Manhattan Midtown 2005 Field Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Manhattan Midtown-2005 field experiment (MID05) collected turbulence observations at 12 street-level sites (at 3-m height) and at 5 rooftop sites (at 220-m average height). The MID05 observations of 30-min averaged standard deviations of wind ...

S. R. Hanna; Y. Zhou

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

NIEHS CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH IN NORTHERN MANHATTAN ANNOUNCEMENT for PILOT PROJECT GRANTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NIEHS CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH IN NORTHERN MANHATTAN ANNOUNCEMENT for PILOT PROJECT GRANTS for Environmental Health is seeking innovative and promising pilot projects in all areas of environmental health to be funded soon after April 1st, 2013. Priority for funding will be given to those projects that focus

Qian, Ning

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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181

NIEHS CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH IN NORTHERN MANHATTAN ANNOUNCEMENT for PILOT PROJECT GRANTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NIEHS CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH IN NORTHERN MANHATTAN ANNOUNCEMENT for PILOT PROJECT GRANTS for Environmental Health is seeking innovative and promising pilot projects in all areas of environmental health to be funded as of July 1st , 2012. Priority for funding will be given to those projects that focus

Qian, Ning

182

Franklin Timeline  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5.1.0, gcc4.4.4, cce7.2.4, petsc3.1.00, petsc-complex3.1.00, pathscale3.2.99, java6.020. Jul 27-31, 2010 Franklin down due to NERSC Center Power upgrade and system...

183

Labs and Field Site Histories | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Historical Resources » Labs Historical Resources » Labs and Field Site Histories Labs and Field Site Histories Labs and Field Site Histories Note: Every effort is made to keep these links current and updated. Yet as many of the links below point to sites not under our direct control, some may stop working without warning . National Laboratories & Technology Centers Operations Offices & Field Sites Ames Laboratory (Iowa) -- History Chicago Office (Illinois) -- History Argonne National Laboratory (Illinois) -- Laboratory History and Timeline Fernald Environmental Management Project (Ohio) -- Site History Brookhaven National Laboratory (New York) -- Tour Brookhaven's History Grand Junction (Colorado) -- Site Description and History (pdf - less than 1MB) Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Illinois) -- History Idaho Operations Office (Idaho) -- Site History

184

Visualization of manhole and precursor-type events for the Manhattan electrical distribution system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a visualization framework for analyzing the Consolidated Edison Company of New York (Con Edison) trouble tickets for the Manhattan electrical distribution system. The Con Edison Emergency Control System (ECS) is a work management tool that documents all events that occur in the electrical distribution system. The trouble ticket generated from ECS is a record of an event affecting the secondary (low-voltage) electrical distribution system, such as a manhole fire, manhole explosion, smoking manhole, no-light event, flickering light event, side-off partial outage, or burnout. The visualization tool outlined here is used alongside our preliminary statistical and machine learning work for predicting future manhole events. ECS tickets stored in our PostgreSQL database are displayed using Google Earth’s satellite images of Manhattan as a backdrop. The ability of this tool to display events relative to the surrounding buildings has already yielded some highly promising directions for our ongoing analysis.

Haimonti Dutta; Cynthia Rudin; Becky Passonneau; Fred Seibel; Axinia Radeva; Zhi An Liu; Steve Ierome; Delfina Isaac

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Mitigation of Selected Hanford Site Manhattan Project and Cold War Era Artifacts  

SciTech Connect

This document is the first time that Manhattan Project and Cold War era artifacts from the Hanford Site have been assembled within a publication. The publication presents photographic and written documentation of a number of Manhattan Project and Cold War era artifacts that were identified and tagged during assessment walk throughs of historic buildings on the Hanford Site but which could not be curated within the Hanford collection because they were too large for long-term storage and/or exhibit purposes or were radiologically contaminated. The significance of the artifacts in this publication and a proposed future appendix is based not on the individual significance of any single artifact but on their collective contribution to the science and engineering of creating plutonium and advancing nuclear technology in nuclear fuel and power.

Kennedy, Ellen P.; Harvey, David W.

2006-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

186

Manhattan Project: Oak Ridge and Hanford Come Through, 1944-1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Y-12 Plant, Oak Ridge, 1944 OAK RIDGE AND HANFORD COME THROUGH Y-12 Plant, Oak Ridge, 1944 OAK RIDGE AND HANFORD COME THROUGH (Oak Ridge [Clinton] and Hanford, 1944-1945) Events > Bringing It All Together, 1942-1945 Establishing Los Alamos, 1942-1943 Early Bomb Design, 1943-1944 Basic Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944 Implosion Becomes a Necessity, 1944 Oak Ridge and Hanford Come Through, 1944-1945 Final Bomb Design, 1944-1945 Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945 Espionage and the Manhattan Project, 1940-1945 None of Los Alamos's bomb design work would be of any use if Oak Ridge or Hanford did not come through with enough uranium-235 or plutonium for at least one bomb. Spending on the Manhattan Project reached $100 million per month by mid-1944, yet it was still far from clear that enough of either fissionable substance could be produced before war's end. In the summer of 1944, Oak Ridge's Y-12 Electromagnetic Plant (above) was plagued by operational problems, and the ongoing barrier crisis at the K-25 Gaseous Diffusion Plant threatened to render it useless. At Hanford, the first production reactor had not yet been completed. In addition, officials feared that not enough of the uranium-containing slugs to feed the pile would be available. Even assuming that enough uranium or plutonium could be delivered by Oak Ridge or Hanford, there was no guarantee that the Los Alamos laboratory would be able to design and fabricate weapons in time. Only the most optimistic in the Manhattan Project would have predicted, as Groves did when he met with Marshall in August of 1944, that a bomb or bombs powerful enough to make a difference in the current war would be ready by August 1, 1945.

187

MANHATTAN PROJECT B REACTOR HANFORD WASHINGTON [HANFORD'S HISTORIC B REACTOR (12-PAGE BOOKLET)  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Site began as part of the United States Manhattan Project to research, test and build atomic weapons during World War II. The original 670-square mile Hanford Site, then known as the Hanford Engineer Works, was the last of three top-secret sites constructed in order to produce enriched uranium and plutonium for the world's first nuclear weapons. B Reactor, located about 45 miles northwest of Richland, Washington, is the world's first full-scale nuclear reactor. Not only was B Reactor a first-of-a-kind engineering structure, it was built and fully functional in just 11 months. Eventually, the shoreline of the Columbia River in southeastern Washington State held nine nuclear reactors at the height of Hanford's nuclear defense production during the Cold War era. The B Reactor was shut down in 1968. During the 1980's, the U.S. Department of Energy began removing B Reactor's support facilities. The reactor building, the river pumphouse and the reactor stack are the only facilities that remain. Today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Richland Operations Office offers escorted public access to B Reactor along a designated tour route. The National Park Service (NPS) is studying preservation and interpretation options for sites associated with the Manhattan Project. A draft is expected in summer 2009. A final report will recommend whether the B Reactor, along with other Manhattan Project facilities, should be preserved, and if so, what roles the DOE, the NPS and community partners will play in preservation and public education. In August 2008, the DOE announced plans to open B Reactor for additional public tours. Potential hazards still exist within the building. However, the approved tour route is safe for visitors and workers. DOE may open additional areas once it can assure public safety by mitigating hazards.

GERBER MS

2009-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

188

A holistic approach to human presence detection on man- portable military ground robots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Manhattan Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Resources. The manhattan project: An interactive history [A Real Example: The Manhattan Project The gap between

Birchmore, Frederick Christopher

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

The dragon's tail: Radiation safety in the Manhattan Project  

SciTech Connect

The book's contents are: Introduction: radiation safety in World War II. Foundations of Manhattan Project radiation safety. Role of the Chicago Health Division. Radiation safety at Los Alamos, Trinity. From Japan to Bikini. Crossroads. Epilogue: continuity and change in radiation safety. Appendix: chronological index of radiation exposure standards. Index. The United States Department of Energy and the Energy Research and Development Administration financially supported this book which provides a historical account of radiological safety in nuclear weapons testing during World War II. The author relied on archival sources and the oral testimony of participants and eyewitnesses. He provides a bibliography with full citations.

Hacker, B.C.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Manhattan Project: Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Werner Heisenberg, the leader of the German atomic weapons program. ATOMIC RIVALS AND THE ALSOS MISSION Werner Heisenberg, the leader of the German atomic weapons program. ATOMIC RIVALS AND THE ALSOS MISSION (Germany and Japan, 1938-1945) Events > Bringing It All Together, 1942-1945 Establishing Los Alamos, 1942-1943 Early Bomb Design, 1943-1944 Basic Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944 Implosion Becomes a Necessity, 1944 Oak Ridge and Hanford Come Through, 1944-1945 Final Bomb Design, 1944-1945 Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945 Espionage and the Manhattan Project, 1940-1945 For most of the Second World War, scientists and administrators of the Manhattan Project firmly believed that they were in a race with Germany to develop the atomic bomb. As it turns out, the German atomic program did not come close to developing a useable weapon. Allied planners were only able to confirm this, however, through the ALSOS intelligence mission to Europe toward the end of the war. Atomic research was also conducted in Japan, but as was suspected by the Allies, it did not get very far.

191

?? /Shigaku / History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? /Shigaku / History Thomas Keirstead Introduction:shigaku as discipline Histories of the historical disciplineedict of 1869 that named history a national priority and

Keirstead, Thomas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

The early development of neutron diffraction: Science in the wings of the Manhattan Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although neutron diffraction was first observed using radioactive decay sources shortly after the discovery of the neutron, it was only with the availability of higher intensity neutron beams from the first nuclear reactors, constructed as part of the Manhattan project, that systematic investigation of Bragg scattering became possible. Remarkably, at a time when the war effort was singularly focused on the development of the atomic bomb, groups working at Oak Ridge and Chicago carried out key measurements and recognized the future utility of neutron diffraction quite independent of its contributions to the measurements of nuclear cross sections. Ernest O. Wollan, Lyle B. Borst, and Walter H. Zinn were all able to observe neutron diffraction in 1944 using the X-10 graphite reactor and the CP-3 heavy water reactor.

Mason, Thom [ORNL; Gawne, Timothy J [ORNL; Nagler, Stephen E [ORNL; Nestor, Margaret Boone {Bonnie} [ORNL; Carpenter, John M [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Work on the Manhattan Project, Subsequent Events, and Little Known Facts Related to its Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A personal account of work on the Manhattan Project in Chicago by one of the few remaining survivors of the war-time project is given, illustrating, among other things, how absurd things can happen at a time of great stress and concern.. As is well known, Los Alamos was the site specializing in the physics of the bomb while Chicago emphasized metallurgical and chemical research. Nevertheless, physics played a significant role in Chicago, as well. That is where Fermi constructed the worlds first uranium pile under the stands of Stagg field, a site at which this author got seriously irradiated. Some curious events occurring after the bomb was dropped are also related. In addition, at this time of public protest by sincere people who question the ethics of America for dropping the bomb on innocent civilians, certain facts, obviously unknown to the protesters, are presented which place the bombing in a rather different light.

Bartell, Lawrence S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Turn the paper around! History Gallery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the book of Manhattan Project badges. Is there any evidence that someone with your last name worked here

195

Beam History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beam History Print Beamline History Request Form To request a beam current histograph from the ALS storage ring beam histograph database, select the year, month, and day, then...

196

Beam History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beam Status Beam History Print Beamline History Request Form To request a beam current histograph from the ALS storage ring beam histograph database, select the year, month, and...

197

History | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

History History New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) NBL Home About Organization Chart .pdf file (189KB) Points of Contact (POCs) History Directions Jobs Programs Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Training Categorical Exclusion Determinations News Contact Information New Brunswick Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy Building 350 9800 South Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439-4899 P: (630) 252-2442 (NBL) P: (630) 252-2767 (CRM sales) F: (630) 252-6256 E: usdoe.nbl@ch.doe.gov About History Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page NBL was established by the Atomic Energy Commission in 1949 in New Brunswick, NJ. It was initially staffed by scientists from the National Bureau of Standards that had contributed to the measurement science of nuclear materials for the Manhattan Project. NBL's initial mission was to

198

History | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History History About Organization Budget Field Offices Federal Advisory Committees History Former Directors Scientific and Technical Information Honors & Awards Jobs Brochures, Logos, & Information Resources Contact Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 History Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Origins The origins of the Office of Science trace to the Manhattan Project. The all-out effort to create the world's first nuclear weapon created a vast research and development apparatus under the control of the War Department's Army Corps of Engineers. The classified nature and sprawling logistical and technical demands of this work created large, multi-purpose facilities that became the nation's first national laboratories.

199

A History of Building 828, Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the history of Building 828 in Sandia National Laboratories' Technical Area I. Building 828 was constructed in 1946 as a mechanical test laboratory for Los Alamos' Z-Division (later Sandia) as it moved to Sandia Base. The building has undergone significant remodeling over the years and has had a variety of occupants. The building was evaluated in compliance with the National Historic Preservation Act, but was not eligible for the National Register of Historic Places. Nevertheless, for many Labs employees, it was a symbol of Sandia's roots in World War II and the Manhattan Project.

Ullrich, Rebecca

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Squares of the natural numbers in radiation protection. [Informal history  

SciTech Connect

An informal history of radiation protection is given. The following topics are included: the discovery of x rays and their effects, the formation of the International Committee on X-ray and Radium Protection, the Manhattan Project and its plutonium aspects, dose limits and their origin, the increase in antinuclear writings, the publication of reports on radiation levels and effects, the role of the EPA in medical radiation, and the Oklo phenomenon. Recommendations for NCRP and ICRP actions are given. The publication also contains brief biographies of Lauriston S. Taylor and Herbert M. Parker. (RWR)

Parker, H.M.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

A History of Building 828, Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the history of Building 828 in Sandia National Laboratories' Technical Area I. Building 828 was constructed in 1946 as a mechanical test laboratory for Los Alamos' Z-Division (later Sandia) as it moved to Sandia Base. The building has undergone significant remodeling over the years and has had a variety of occupants. The building was evaluated in compliance with the National Historic Preservation Act, but was not eligible for the National Register of Historic Places. Nevertheless, for many Labs employees, it was a symbol of Sandia's roots in World War II and the Manhattan Project.

Ullrich, Rebecca

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

History Publications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

List of historical publications available through the Department's History Office, including free PDF versions.

203

Manhattan Project: CP-1 Goes Critical, Met Lab, December 2, 1942  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Painting of CP-1 going critical CP-1 GOES CRITICAL Painting of CP-1 going critical CP-1 GOES CRITICAL (Met Lab, December 2, 1942) Events > The Plutonium Path to the Bomb, 1942-1944 Production Reactor (Pile) Design, 1942 DuPont and Hanford, 1942 CP-1 Goes Critical, December 2, 1942 Seaborg and Plutonium Chemistry, 1942-1944 Final Reactor Design and X-10, 1942-1943 Hanford Becomes Operational, 1943-1944 While arrangements were proceeding for the construction of full-size plutonium production reactors, critical questions remained about their basic design. The Italian physicist Enrico Fermi hoped to answer some of these questions with CP-1, his experimental "Chicago Pile #1" at the University of Chicago. On December 2, 1942, after a series of frustrating delays, CP-1 first achieved a self-sustaining fission chain reaction. After the end of the war, Leslie Groves, commander of the Manhattan Project, described the first time CP-1 went critical as the single most important scientific event in the development of atomic power.

204

Oral Histories: Radiologist Hymer L. Friedell, M.D., Ph.D.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to Patients Prominent Researchers Working at Berkeley The Army Medical Corps and the Manhattan Project Work at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory Inspection of Manhattan...

205

Manhattan Project: Early Bomb Design, Los Alamos: Laboratory, 1943-1944  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Little Boy at Tinian Island, August 1945 EARLY BOMB DESIGN Little Boy at Tinian Island, August 1945 EARLY BOMB DESIGN (Los Alamos: Laboratory, 1943-1944) Events > Bringing it All Together, 1942-1945 Establishing Los Alamos, 1942-1943 Early Bomb Design, 1943-1944 Basic Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944 Implosion Becomes a Necessity, 1944 Oak Ridge and Hanford Come Through, 1944-1945 Final Bomb Design, 1944-1945 Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945 Espionage and the Manhattan Project, 1940-1945 Early work on the design of the atomic bomb began even as scientists continued to arrive at Los Alamos throughout 1943. The properties of uranium were reasonably well understood, those of plutonium less so, and knowledge of fission explosions entirely theoretical. That 2.2 secondary neutrons were produced when uranium-235 fissioned was accepted, but while Glenn Seaborg's team had proven in March 1941 that plutonium underwent neutron-induced fission, it was not known yet if plutonium released secondary neutrons during bombardment. Further, the exact sizes of the "cross sections" of various fissionable substances had yet to be determined in experiments using the various particle accelerators then being shipped to Los Alamos. The theoretical consensus was that fission Fission chain reaction chain reactions (left) did take place with sufficient speed to produce powerful releases of energy (and not simply result in the explosion of the critical mass itself), but only experiments could test this theory. The optimum size of the critical mass remained to be established, as did the optimum shape. When enough data were gathered to establish optimum critical mass, optimum effective mass still had to be determined. That is, it was not enough simply to start a chain reaction in a critical mass; it was necessary to start one in a mass that would release the greatest possible amount of energy before it was destroyed in the explosion.

206

HISTORY GALLERY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History Gallery TechLab Virtual Exhibits invisible utility element HISTORY GALLERY The Atomic Age begins The conflict that darkened Europe in the late 1930s at first cast no...

207

Impacts of the Cerro Grande fire on Homestead era and Manhattan Project properties at Los Alamos National Laboratory.  

SciTech Connect

In May of 2000, the Cerro Grande Fire burned approximately 8,000 acres of Department of Energy (DOE) managed land at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Although the fire was generally of low intensity, it impacted a significant number of LANL's cultural resources. Historic wooden properties were affected more heavily than prehistoric archaeological sites. This paper will provide an overview of the Homestead and Manhattan Project Periods at LANL and will discuss the effects of the Cerro Grande Fire on historic wooden properties. Post-fire cultural resource management issues will also be discussed.

McGehee, E. D. (Ellen D.); Isaacson, J. (John)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Impacts of the Cerro Grande fire on Homestead era and Manhattan Project properties at Los Alamos National Laboratory.  

SciTech Connect

In May of 2000, the Cerro Grande Fire burned approximately 8,000 acres of Department of Energy (DOE) managed land at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Although the fire was generally of low intensity, it impacted a significant number of LANL's cultural resources. Historic wooden properties were affected more heavily than prehistoric archaeological sites. This paper will provide an overview of the Homestead and Manhattan Project Periods at LANL and will discuss the effects of the Cerro Grande Fire on historic wooden properties. Post-fire cultural resource management issues will also be discussed.

McGehee, E. D. (Ellen D.); Isaacson, J. (John)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Manhattan Project: Potsdam and the Final Decision to Use the Bomb, July  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Joseph Stalin, Harry Truman, and Winston Churchill at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945 POTSDAM AND THE FINAL DECISION TO USE THE BOMB Joseph Stalin, Harry Truman, and Winston Churchill at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945 POTSDAM AND THE FINAL DECISION TO USE THE BOMB (Potsdam, Germany, July 1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 Potsdam, July 19, 1945. Truman wrote a note on the back of the photograph in which he states incorrectly that Stalin did not know about the atomic bomb. After President Harry S. Truman received word of the success of the Trinity test, his need for the help of the Soviet Union in the war against Japan was greatly diminished. The Soviet leader, Joseph Stalin, had promised to join the war against Japan by August 15th. Truman and his advisors now were not sure they wanted this help. If use of the atomic bomb made victory possible without an invasion, then accepting Soviet help would only invite them into the discussions regarding the postwar fate of Japan. During the second week of Allied deliberations at Potsdam, on the evening of July 24, 1945, Truman approached Stalin without an interpreter and, as casually as he could, told him that the United States had a "new weapon of unusual destructive force." Stalin showed little interest, replying only that he hoped the United States would make "good use of it against the Japanese." The reason for Stalin's composure became clear later: Soviet intelligence had been receiving information about the atomic bomb program since fall 1941.

210

Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL- 58260 Cosmic Growth History andExpansion History Eric V. Linder Physics Division, LawrenceCalifornia. Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History Eric

Linder, Eric V.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Our History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environment Feature Stories Public Reading Room: Environmental Documents, Reports LANL Home Phonebook Calendar Video About Our History aboutassetsimagesicon-70th.jpg...

212

National Uranium Resource Evaluation Program. Hydrogeochemical and stream sediment reconnaissance basic data for Manhattan NTMS Quadrangle, Kansas  

SciTech Connect

Results of a reconnaissance geochemical survey of the Manhattan Quadrangle, Kansas, are reported. Field and laboratory data are presented for 674 groundwater and 718 stream sediment samples. Statistical and areal distributions of uranium and possible uranium-related variables are displayed. A generalized geologic map of the survey area is provided, and pertinent geologic factors which may be of significance in evaluating the potential for uranium mineralization are briefly discussed. The groundwater data indicate that the most promising area for potential uranium mineralization occurs in the western-northwestern part of the quadrangle where waters are produced from the Quaternary loess deposits, and the Cretaceous Greenhorn-Graneros and Dakota Formations. Associated elements in the quadrangle include arsenic, potassium, manganese, vanadium, and selenium. The stream sediment data indicate that the highest average uranium concentrations in sediments from the Manhattan Quadrangle are obtained from the Pennsylvanian Wabaunsee Group followed by the Cretaceous Carlile Shale, Greenhorn-Graneros and Dakota Formations. In the northwestern corner of the quadrangle, high concentrations of uranium are associated with high concentrations of barium, niobium, strontium, titanium, vanadium, yttrium, and zirconium. In southeast Cloud County and extending to the northeast, high values of total uranium are associated with high values of titanium, yttrium, zirconium, and low U-FL/U-NT values. These associations indicate that the uranium is probably present in heavy and/or resistate minerals.

1979-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

213

Cytochrome P4501A biomarker indication of the timeline of chronic exposure of Barrow's goldeneyes to residual Exxon Valdez oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and their associated variation were graph- ically contrasted across years and oiling history status. For each year, we ducks in relation to history of contamination by the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Journal of Wildlife in relation to history of contamination by the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Marine Pollution Bulletin 60, 861

214

Manhattan Project: Final Bomb Design, Los Alamos: Laboratory, 1944-1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

The first 0.11 seconds of the nuclear age, Trinity, July 16, 1945. FINAL BOMB DESIGN The first 0.11 seconds of the nuclear age, Trinity, July 16, 1945. FINAL BOMB DESIGN (Los Alamos: Laboratory, 1944-1945) Events > Bringing It All Together, 1942-1945 Establishing Los Alamos, 1942-1943 Early Bomb Design, 1943-1944 Basic Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944 Implosion Becomes a Necessity, 1944 Oak Ridge and Hanford Come Through, 1944-1945 Final Bomb Design, 1944-1945 Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945 Espionage and the Manhattan Project, 1940-1945 American troops approaching the beach, D-Day, June 6, 1944. Late in 1944, Los Alamos began to shift from research to development and bomb production. Increased production at Oak Ridge and Hanford seemed to promise that enough plutonium and enriched uranium would be available for at least one bomb using each. Germany no longer was the intended primary target. The war in Europe (left) appeared to be entering its final phase, and evidence uncovered by the ALSOS mission in November 1944 indicated that the German atomic program had not gone beyond the research phase. Already by summer 1944, Groves and his advisers had turned their sights toward Japan. The atomic bomb would justify the years of effort, including both the vast expenditures and the judgment of everyone responsible, by bringing the war in the Pacific to a fiery end. J. Robert Oppenheimer Ongoing problems continued to complicate the efforts of Robert Oppenheimer (right) to finalize bomb design. Foremost among these were continuing personnel shortages, particularly of physicists, and supply difficulties. The procurement system, designed to protect the secrecy of the Los Alamos project, led to frustrating delays and, when Herb Lehr, SED, holding the Gadget's core, July 1945. combined with persistent late war shortages, proved a constant headache. The lack of contact between the remote laboratory and its supply sources exacerbated the problem, as did the relative lack of experience the academic scientists had with logistical matters. Leslie Groves and James Conant were determined not to let mundane problems compromise the bomb effort, and in fall 1944 they made several changes to prevent this possibility. Conant shipped as many scientists as could be spared from the Met Lab and Oak Ridge to Los Alamos, hired every civilian machinist he could lay his hands on, and arranged for Army enlisted men to supplement the work force (these GIs were known as SEDS ("Special Engineering Detachment"). Hartley Rowe, an experienced industrial engineer, provided help in easing the transition from research to production. Los Alamos also arranged for a rocket research team at the California Institute of Technology to aid in procurement, test fuses, and contribute to component development. These changes kept Los Alamos on track as design work reached its final stages.

215

History Images  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History Images History Images Los Alamos History in Images Los Alamos has a proud history and heritage of almost 70 years of science and innovation. The people of the Laboratory work on advanced technologies to provide the best scientific and engineering solutions to many of the nation's most crucial security challenges. Click thumbnails to enlarge. Photos arranged by most recent first, horizontal formats before vertical. See Flickr for more sizes and details. Back in the day Back in the day LA bridge in Los Alamos LA bridge in Los Alamos 1945 Army-Navy "E" Award 1945 Army-Navy "E" Award Louis Rosen Louis Rosen Bob Van Ness Robert Kuckuck and Michael Anastasio Bob Van Ness Robert Kuckuck and Michael Anastasio TA-18 TA-18 Elmer Island TU-4 assembly area Elmer Island TU-4 assembly area

216

NEPA and NHPA- successful decommissioning of historic Manhattan Project properties at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes experiences at Los Alamos National Laboratory during the process of planning and executing decommissioning and decontamination activities on a number of properties constructed as part of the Manhattan project. Many of these buildings had been abandoned for many years and were in deteriorating condition, in addition to being contaminated with asbestos, lead based paints and high explosive residues. Due to the age and use of the structures they were evaluated against criteria for the National Register of Historic Places. This process is briefly reviewed, along with the results, as well as actions implemented as a result of the condition and safety of the structures. A number of the structures have been decontaminated and demolished. Planning is still ongoing for the renovation of one structure, and the photographic and drawing records of the properties is near completion.

McGehee, E.D.; Pendergrass, A.K.

1997-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

217

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY The Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977 created one the most interesting and diverse agencies in the Federal government. Activated on October 1, 1977, the twelfth cabinet-level department brought together for the first time within one agency two programmatic traditions that had long coexisted within the Federal establishment: 1) defense responsibilities that included the design, construction, and testing of nuclear weapons dating from the Manhattan Project effort to build the atomic bomb, and 2) a loosely knit amalgamation of energy-related programs scattered throughout the Federal government. DOE's Two Programmatic Traditions

218

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY The Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977 created one the most interesting and diverse agencies in the Federal government. Activated on October 1, 1977, the twelfth cabinet-level department brought together for the first time within one agency two programmatic traditions that had long coexisted within the Federal establishment: 1) defense responsibilities that included the design, construction, and testing of nuclear weapons dating from the Manhattan Project effort to build the atomic bomb, and 2) a loosely knit amalgamation of energy-related programs scattered throughout the Federal government. DOE's Two Programmatic Traditions

219

Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the expansion history dark energy equation of state,and growth history constraints on the dark energy equationand growth history constraints on the dark energy equation

Linder, Eric V.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

NETL: History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History History About NETL History Over the past century, fossil energy research and technology development has been advanced by NETL and its predecessor facilities as the energy needs of the Nation have grown and evolved. 1910 - The newly created Bureau of Mines in the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) opens the Pittsburgh Experiment Station in Bruceton, Pennsylvania, 12 miles south of Pittsburgh. The station includes an experimental coal mine and offers advanced training for coal operators and miners. Onsite research focuses on developing innovative coal-mining safety equipment and practices. 1918 - Following new discoveries of oil in Oklahoma and Texas, the Petroleum Experiment Station is established in Bartlesville, Oklahoma, as one of 17 DOI Bureau of Mines facilities under Public Law 283 (63rd Congress, 1915). The Station pursues systematic application of engineering and scientific methods to oil drilling, helping the early "boom and bust" oil industry create operating and safety standards.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

NERSC History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History History NERSC History Powering Scientific Discovery Since 1974 Contact: Jon Bashor, jbashor@lbl.gov, +1 510 486 4236 For more information, read "25 Years of Leadership," a historical perspective written at NERSC's quarter-century mark.âš Download (PDF, 1.7MB) The oil crisis of 1973 did more than create long lines at the gas pumps - it jumpstarted a supercomputing revolution. The quest for alternative energy sources led to increased funding for the Department of Energy's Magnetic Fusion Energy program, and simulating the behavior of plasma in a fusion reactor required a computer center dedicated to this purpose. Founded in 1974 at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the Controlled Thermonuclear Research Computer Center was the first unclassified supercomputer center and was the model for those that

222

A brief history of the T Plant facility at the Hanford Site. Addendum 1  

SciTech Connect

T Plant (221-T) was the first and largest of the early chemical separations plants at the Hanford Engineer Works (HEW) (World War II name for the Hanford Site). Officially designated as a Cell Building by the Manhattan Engineer District (MED) of the Army Corps of Engineers (agency responsible for HEW), T Plant served as the headquarters of chemical processing operations at Hanford from its construction until the opening of the REDOX Plant in January 1952. Because it formed a crucial link in the first full-scale plutonium production operations in world history, it meets criteria established in the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 as a National Historic Structure.

Gerber, M.S.

1994-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

223

EIA Oil price timeline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, ... Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions.

224

Fermilab | Tevatron | Interactive Timeline  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tevatron Home Tevatron Home Looking Ahead For the Media Shutdown Event Previous Next Tevatron Milestones 1983-2011 Early Milestones Early events and milestones that helped make the Tevatron possible. January 1973 This image from 1983 shows a stockpile of Tevatron magnets before they were installed in the tunnel Fermilab establishes superconducting magnet R&D program April 8, 1977 Four-magnet string successfully energized Four-magnet string successfully energized July 5, 1979 Department of Energy authorizes Fermilab to build superconducting accelerator, later named the Tevatron Fermilab authorized to build superconducting accelerator, later named the Tevatron 1981 A staff member works on installation of the Energy Saver/Doubler, later named the Tevatron Installation of the first Tevatron magnet.

225

timeline.cdr  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

1946 January 1947 through December 1949 The Department of the Army, under a state of emergency, acquired 17,232 acres of land in St. Charles County, Missouri, for the production...

226

Revision History  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Revision History Revision History Rev. 0, August 2012 Original submittal for milestone M3FT-12SN0804032 (Sandia programmatic and classification review) Rev. 1, September 2012 Corrected transposition errors in costing tables; recalculated stainless steel overpacks to be carbon steel; corrected various editorial problems. (SAND2012-7979P) Rev. 2, November 2012 Performed peer review and retitled. Submittal for milestone M2FT-13SN0804031 (formerly milestone M2FT- 12SN0804031) (SAND2012-9737P) Unclassified Unlimited Release Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.

227

History - Cyclotron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History History Lawrence's original Cyclotron, for which he received a patent and the Nobel Prize. Lawrence's original cyclotron design was limited to energies where relativistic effects were not important. The third generation cyclotron included "sector-focusing" to allow higher energies to be obtained. The 88-Inch Cyclotron was based on Lawrence's design of a sector-focused cyclotron for the MTA project at Livermore. 1500 man-hours of work were necessary to assemble the trim coils which help regulate the strength and shape of the accelerator's magnetic field. Discussing the cyclotron magnet (seen in the background) are Dr. Elmer Kelly, physicist in charge of the 88-Inch Cyclotron and Warren Dexter, electrical coordinator for the cyclotron project.

228

Oral Histories: Physiologist Nello Pace, Ph.D.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 HUMAN RADIATION STUDIES: REMEMBERING THE EARLY YEARS Oral History of Physiologist Nello Pace, Ph.D. Conducted August 16, 1994 United States Department of Energy Office of Human Radiation Experiments June 1995 CONTENTS Foreword Short Biography Education at UC Berkeley (1932–40) and Medical College of Virginia (1940–41); Service in Naval Reserves Tritium Injection Experiments in Animals and Humans During WW II Hospitality to Manhattan Project Researchers Staying in Washington Return to UC Berkeley to Research and Teach Development of Medical Physics Degree Programs at UC Berkeley Conducting the First Radiation Survey at Nagasaki After the Bomb Censured by the Military for Underclassifying His Nagasaki Report Reflections on Shields Warren The Public's Attitudes Toward Radiation, Then and Now

229

Oral Histories: Radiobiologist Chet Richmond, Ph.D.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 HUMAN RADIATION STUDIES: REMEMBERING THE EARLY YEARS Oral History of Radiobiologist Chet Richmond, Ph.D. Conducted January 24, 1995 United States Department of Energy Office of Human Radiation Experiments August 1995 CONTENTS Foreword Short Biography Graduate Studies at the University of New Mexico and Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (1955–58) Research on Metabolic Kinetics of Radionuclides Accelerating the Turnover of Cesium With Prussian Blue (Circa 1960) Use of the Whole-Body Counter for Fallout Studies Physicians Customarily Attended During Intake of Radionuclides Follow-Up With GIs Exposed to Radiation in the Manhattan Project (Ongoing) Declassifying the Los Alamos Report on Plutonium Injections (1971) On Assignment to AEC Headquarters in Washington, D.C. (1969–71)

230

A History of Classified Activities at Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The facilities that became Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) were created in 1943 during the United States' super-secret World War II project to construct an atomic bomb (the Manhattan Project). During World War II and for several years thereafter, essentially all ORNL activities were classified. Now, in 2000, essentially all ORNL activities are unclassified. The major purpose of this report is to provide a brief history of ORNL's major classified activities from 1943 until the present (September 2000). This report is expected to be useful to the ORNL Classification Officer and to ORNL's Authorized Derivative Classifiers and Authorized Derivative Declassifiers in their classification review of ORNL documents, especially those documents that date from the 1940s and 1950s.

Quist, A.S.

2001-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

231

The Jasons: The Secret History of Science's Postwar Elite  

SciTech Connect

This book is a history/profile of the group, called Jason, of academic scientists who advise the government. The book starts where the Manhattan Project ends -- with physicists trying to decide, having let the genie out of the bottle, how to get it back in again. One result of their attempts was Jason. Jason is 30 to 50 scientists who meet for six weeks every summer to answer questions for the government -- usually for the defense department or the intelligence community -- about national security issues. They specialize in studies for the Department of Energy on the technical backing for treaties to ban the bomb. Jason is unique, not only in this country, but in the world. The book is about the group's attempts to hold onto their scientific souls, remain independent, and still stay in business.

Finkbeiner, Ann (Johns Hopkins University)

2006-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

232

Engineering Manhattan style: Sandia Laboratories as an example of postwar engineering  

SciTech Connect

A great deal has been written about the history of science in America since World War II. Much of that work has explored the government`s research and development establishment, focusing on the scientific community immediately after the war. It is generally argued that the apparent triumphs of the huge and expensive wartime research and development projects gave rise to a belief that scientific resources should be nurtured and kept on hand - ready to provide service in an emergency. The Cold War drive for more and better weapons further fed this belief, leading to a massive system of national laboratories, military laboratories, and defense industries. The science of this complex is built on extensive financial support, the central strategy of which is that by steadily, and occasionally even lavishly funding large research programs, you will have a constant stream of scientific ideas that can be applied to national security purposes. What is true of science, is also true, in slightly modified form, of postwar engineering. The story I want to tell you today is, I think, an example of the way Cold War engineering r&d for national security worked. This report describes aspects of the Sandia National Laboratories.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

A HISTORY OF CLASSIFIED ACTIVITIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF BRITISH ATOMIC BOMB CALCULATIONS ON THE U.S. NUCLEARFISSIONPROGRAM ................................. 7 the United States' super-secretWorld War II project to construct an atomic bomb (the Manhattan Project, in 2000, essentiallyall ORNL activities areunclassified. The major purposeof this report is to provide

234

Complexity in Big History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spier, Fred. “How Big History Works: Energy Flows and RiseSmil, Vaclav. Energy in World History. Boulder, CO: Westviewkg) Energy and complexity Spier: Complexity in Big History.

Spier, Fred

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Manhattan Project: Final Approval to Build the Bomb, Washington, D.C.,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

President Roosevelt signs declaration of war with Japan, December 8, 1941. FINAL APPROVAL TO BUILD THE BOMB President Roosevelt signs declaration of war with Japan, December 8, 1941. FINAL APPROVAL TO BUILD THE BOMB (Washington, D.C., December 1942) Events > Difficult Choices, 1942 More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 Anxious as he was to get moving, Leslie Groves decided to make one final quality control check. On November 18, 1942, Groves appointed Warren K. Lewis of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to head a final review committee, comprised of himself and three DuPont representatives. During the final two weeks of November, the committee traveled from New York to Chicago to Berkeley and back again through Chicago. It endorsed the work on gaseous diffusion at Columbia, though it made some organizational recommendations; in fact, the Lewis committee advocated elevating gaseous diffusion to first priority and expressed reservations about the electromagnetic program despite an impassioned presentation by Ernest Lawrence in Berkeley. Upon returning to Chicago, Crawford H. Greenewalt, a member of the Lewis committee, was present at Stagg Field when CP-1 (Chicago Pile #1) first went critical. (For more on CP-1, skip ahead to "Early Pile Design, 1942.") Significant as this moment was in the history of physics, it came after the Lewis committee endorsed moving piles to the pilot stage and one day after Groves instructed DuPont to move into pile design and construction.

236

Cygnus History  

SciTech Connect

The Cygnus Dual Beam Radiographic Facility consists of two identical radiographic sources: Cygnus 1 and Cygnus 2. This Radiographic Facility is located in an underground tunnel test area at the Nevada Test Site. The sources were developed to produce high-resolution images for dynamic plutonium experiments. This work will recount and discuss salient maintenance and operational issues encountered during the history of Cygnus. A brief description of Cygnus systems and rational for design selections will set the stage for this historical narrative. It is intended to highlight the team-derived solutions for technical problems encountered during extended periods of maintenance and operation. While many of the issues are typical to pulsed power systems, some of the solutions are unique. It is hoped that other source teams will benefit from this presentation, as well as other necessary disciplines (e.g., source users, system architects, facility designers and managers, funding managers, and team leaders).

David J. Henderson, Raymond E. Gignac, Douglas E. Good, Mark D. Hansen, Charles V. Mitton; Daniel S. Nelson, Eugene C. Ormond; Steve R. Cordova, Isidro Molina; John R. Smith, Evan A. Rose

2009-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

237

Commemorating Black History: Contributions of African Americans...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Manhattan Project Resource Page Launched Workers near completion of the non-technetium area of K-25's east wing (left). Oak Ridge anticipates beginning demolition on the...

238

Human radiation studies: Remembering the early years. Oral history of Dr. George Voelz, M.D., November 29, 1994  

SciTech Connect

Dr. George Voelz was interviewed by representatives of the US DOE Office of Human Radiation Experiments (OHRE). This oral history covers Dr. Voelz`s research on Manhattan Engineering District plutonium workers, the acute and long term effects of radiation, his inhalation studies, and his activities at the 1961 INL reactor accident (SL-1 Reactor). After a brief biographical sketch, Dr. Voelz his remembrances on tissue studies of plutonium workers, the plutonium injection studies of 1945-1946, the controlled environmental radioiodine tests of 1963-1968, and tracer studies with human volunteers at Los Alamos. Dr. Voelz states his opinions concerning misconceptions about the Los Alamos Human Radiation Experiments.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Oral Histories: Radiologist Earl R. Miller, M.D.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Therapy Research Relations Between UC Berkeley and UC San Francisco Working for the Manhattan Project and UC Medical Center Process for Obtaining Radioactive Isotopes Human...

240

Oral Histories: Health Physicist Karl Z. Morgan, Ph.D.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biography College and Graduate School in North Carolina; Unintentionally Joining the Manhattan Project in Chicago in 1943 Chosen for the New Field of Health Physics (1943)...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

OSTI History | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

OSTI History OSTI History Born in 1947 of General Leslie R. Groves' 1945 mandate to tell the American people about the formerly secret Manhattan Project and the development of the atomic bomb, the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, or OSTI, rapidly became home to one of the world's most comprehensive collections of energy-related information. Long before the Internet came along, OSTI advanced science by making research information widely available. OSTI annually responded to upwards of 50,000 requests for information and, during the 1977 "energy crisis," fielded more than 150,000 requests. Located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, OSTI operated one of the few Federal printing plants in the United States, and in 1948 began an almost 30-year production of the

242

Archives and History Office: Oral History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oral History Oral History Oral History Oral History interviews with SLAC staff and users have been conducted at SLAC and at other institutions by SLAC Archives and History Office staff and by others interested in the history of physics and computing. Information collected in these interviews supplements original correspondence and other primary source materials collected by the Archives and History Office. SLAC Interviews Interviews have been conducted by SLAC staff on an irregular basis, as resources have permitted. The Archives and History Office staff are currently working on a project to identify all past interview subjects, locate interview tapes and permission forms, and create interview transcripts. Our holdings contain tapes or transcripts of interviews with the following staff members and users:

243

NSLS Machine Status & History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data (Table) Xray and VUV BeamLine: Current Data (Text) Beamline Experimental Floor Layout History One-Week Beam Current History Text Files of Beam Current History Device Readings...

244

Manhattan Project: Events Images  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Resources Resources About this Site How to Navigate this Site Library Maps Note on Sources Nuclear Energy and the Public's Right to Know Photo Gallery Site Map Sources and Notes Suggested Readings EVENTS IMAGES Resources > Photo Gallery Page Content Here Scroll down to see each of these images individually. The images are: 1. Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard (courtesy the Federation of American Scientists); 2. Painting of CP-1 going critical (courtesy the National Archives); 3. An Alpha Racetrack inside the Y-12 Electromagnetic Plant, Clinton Engineer Works, Oak Ridge, Tennessee; 4. Eric Jette, Charles Critchfield, and J. Robert Oppenheimer, Los Alamos, New Mexico (this photograph is reprinted from Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Los Alamos: Beginning of an Era, 1943-1945 (Los Alamos: Public Relations Office, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, ca. 1967-1971), 20);

245

Manhattan Project: Potsdam Note  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

POTSDAM NOTE POTSDAM NOTE Potsdam, Germany (July 1945) Resources > Photo Gallery Note written by President Harry S. Truman, in which he brags that Stalin did not understand when Truman hinted at Potsdam of a powerful new American weapon. (Scroll down to see the note.) Due to the success of Soviet espionage, however, Truman was incorrect-in fact, Stalin knew about the atomic bomb project three years before Truman did. Truman wrote this note on the back of a photograph of the Potsdam Conference taken on July 19, 1945. In the photograph Stalin talks with Truman and Secretary of State James Byrnes (both have their backs to the camera). The photograph of Potsdam is courtesy the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, War Department, U.S. Army; this image, and the photograph of Truman's writing on the back of it, are courtesy the National Archives.

246

Manhattan Project: Nagasaki  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

NAGASAKI IMAGES NAGASAKI IMAGES Nagasaki, Japan (August 9, 1945) Resources > Photo Gallery Aerial photographs of the mushroom cloud forming over Nagasaki, August 9, 1945. The photographs are courtesy the Federation of American Scientists, except for the last one, which is courtesy the Office of War Information (via the National Archives). Scroll down to see each image separately. At the bottom is an additional photograph similar to the fourth photograph, courtesy the Library of Congress. (Click here for a 1.9 MB .tif version of the this image.) First Nagasaki Cloud Photograph Second Nagasaki Cloud Photograph Third Nagasaki Cloud Photograph Fourth Nagasaki Cloud Photograph Mushroom Cloud over Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Mushroom Cloud over Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Click on a link below to return to:

247

Manhattan Project: Blast  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Blast (Animation) Blast (Animation) Yucca Flat, Nevada (March 17, 1953) Resources > Photo Gallery Blast Animation The eight images above are a sequence of photographs of a house constructed 3,500 feet from "ground zero" at the Nevada Test Site being destroyed by the Annie test shot. The only source of light was the blast itself, detonated on March 17, 1953. The final image is two-and-one-third seconds after detonation. In the second image the house is actually on fire, but in the third image the fire has already been blown out by the blast. Annie, part of the "Upshot-Knothole" test series, had a yield of 16 kilotons, roughly the same size as the Trinity, Hiroshima, and Nagasaki explosions. Two photographs of the Annie mushroom cloud are at the bottom of this page.

248

Manhattan Project: Photo Gallery  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer PHOTO GALLERY Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer PHOTO GALLERY Resources Additional information is available regarding the following "animated gifs" and other photographs: Alpha Racetrack, Y-12 Berkeley Meeting The "Big House" Blast (Animation) Events Images First Atomic Energy Commissioners Fuller Lodge F Reactor Plutonium Production Complex Hiroshima Images Image Retouching Kasparov, Kamen, and Kheifits Los Alamos Scientists Los Alamos Street Scene "Met Lab" Alumni Nagasaki Images Nixon and the Atomic Pioneers People Images Places Images Potsdam Note "Rad Lab" Staff S-1 Committee San Ildefonso Pueblo Party Science Images Solvay Physics Conference Tech Area Gallery (Large) Tech Area Gallery (Small) Trinity Images Trinity (Color Photograph)

249

Manhattan Project: Places Images  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

PLACES IMAGES PLACES IMAGES Resources > Photo Gallery Scroll down to see each of these images individually. The images are: 1. Remains of a Shinto Shrine, Nagasaki, October 1945 (courtesy the United States Marine Corps, Lieutenant R. J. Battersby, photographer, via the National Archives); 2. University of California, Berkeley, 1940 (courtesy the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory); 3. Aerial photograph of the Trinity Site after the test (courtesy the Federation of American Scientists); 4. Aerial photograph of Hiroshima before the bombing; 5. Columbia University, 1903 (courtesy the Library of Congress; this photograph originated from the Detroit Publishing Company; it was a 1949 gift to the Library of Congress from the State Historical Society of Colorado).

250

Manhattan Project: Ed Westcott  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

ED WESTCOTT Oak Ridge (Clinton Engineer Works) (1945) Resources > Photo Gallery Ed Westcott Ed Westcott, Army Corps of Engineers photographer, 1945. This photograph is courtesy Oak...

251

Manhattan Project: Hiroshima  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

HIROSHIMA IMAGES Hiroshima, Japan (August 1945) Resources > Photo Gallery Aerial photographs of the city of Hiroshima before (April 13, 1945) and after (August 11, 1945) the...

252

Manhattan Project: Enrico Fermi  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Enrico Fermi Events > Bringing it All Together, 1942-1945 > Basic Research at Los Alamos, Los Alamos: Laboratory, 1943-1944 Enrico Fermi...

253

Manhattan Project: Uranium cubes  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Cubes of uranium metal, Los Alamos, 1945 Events > Difficult Choices, 1942 > More Uranium Research, 1942 Events > Bringing It All Together, 1942-1945 > Basic Research at Los Alamos,...

254

Manhattan Project: Enrico Fermi  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Enrico Fermi Events > Early Government Support, 1939-1942 > Piles and Plutonium, 1939-1941 Events > The Plutonium Path to the Bomb, 1942-1944 > CP-1 Goes Critical, Met Lab,...

255

Manhattan Project: Hans Bethe  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Hans Bethe Events > Bringing It All Together, 1942-1945 > Basic Research at Los Alamos, Los Alamos: Laboratory, 1943-1944 People > Scientists > Hans Bethe Hans Bethe...

256

History | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

History History Aviation Management Green Leases Executive Secretariat Energy Reduction at HQ Real Estate Approvals Documents and Publications Facilities and Infrastructure Federal...

257

Human radiation studies: Remembering the early years: Oral history of health physicist Karl Z. Morgan, Ph.D., conducted January 7, 1995  

SciTech Connect

This report provided a transcript of an interview of Dr. Karl. Z. Morgan by representatives of the DOE Office of Human Radiation Experiments. Dr. Morgan was selected for this interview because of his research for the Manhattan Project at the Metallurgical Laboratory in Chicago and his work at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The oral history covers Dr. Morgan`s work as a pioneer in the field of Health Physics, his research at ORNL and his work since he retired from ORNL.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Curriculum connections: science, technology, ethics, Manhattan Project and the Cold War, military tactics and strategy, World War II and H-Bomb, radiation and its effects, terrorism, international arms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trinity and Beyond: The Atomic Bomb (DVD) On Order The Manhattan Project and the Cold War, military tactics and strategy, World War II and H-Bomb, radiation16.E5 S3285 2008 J. Robert Oppenheimer, the Cold War, and the Atomic

Rose, Annkatrin

259

Fermilab | Women's History Month - The History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dr. Sandra Hanson, Professor of Sociology, Catholic University of America, titled Gender, Race and Science Education. Click here to RSVP The celebration of Women's History in...

260

Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cosmic expansion history tests the dynamics of the global evolution of the universe and its energy density contents, while the cosmic growth history tests the evolution of the inhomogeneous part of the energy density. Precision comparison of the two histories can distinguish the nature of the physics responsible for the accelerating cosmic expansion: an additional smooth component - dark energy - or a modification of the gravitational field equations. With the aid of a new fitting formula for linear perturbation growth accurate to 0.05-0.2%, we separate out the growth dependence on the expansion history and introduce a new growth index parameter \\gamma that quantifies the gravitational modification.

Eric V. Linder

2005-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Iran in History Iran in History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Iran in History Iran in History by Bernard Lewis In attempting to attain some perspective on Iran. These events have been variously seen in Iran: by some as a blessing, the advent of the true faith, the end remarkable difference between what happened in Iran and what happened in all the other countries

Mohaghegh, Shahab

262

Oral Histories: Dr. John W. Gofman, M.D., Ph.D.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 HUMAN RADIATION STUDIES: REMEMBERING THE EARLY YEARS Oral History of Dr. John W. Gofman, M.D., Ph.D. Conducted December 20, 1994 United States Department of Energy Office of Human Radiation Experiments June 1995 CONTENTS Foreword Short Biography Oberlin College, Enrollment in Western Reserve Medical School To University of California, Berkeley to Study Physical Chemistry Assisting Seaborg's Research, Discovery of Uranium-233 The Manhattan Project From Research to Laboratory Production of Plutonium Joe Hamilton's Cavalier Approach to Radiation Medical Treatments With Radioactive Phosphorus (32P) Conflict Between University of California San Francisco and Berkeley Reflections on Ernest Lawrence Heart Disease Studies AEC Support for Heart Disease Studies Heparin and Lipoprotein Research With Human Subjects

263

The Laboratory at 70: A proud history, leaning forward to shape the future  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Director's Column Director's Column Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:Dec. 2013 - Jan. 2014 All Issues » submit The Laboratory at 70: A proud history, leaning forward to shape the future Seventy years ago, the U.S. Army and the University of California joined together to undertake perhaps the most influential effort of the 20th century: the Manhattan Project. February 1, 2013 dummy image Read our archives. Contacts Editor Linda Anderman Email Community Programs Office Kurt Steinhaus Email The Laboratory plans wide-ranging activities to celebrate its 70th anniversary, with a full roster of lectures and events open to the public. Seventy years ago on the Pajarito Plateau, the U.S. Army and the University of California joined together to undertake perhaps the most

264

HISTORY OF CONSCIOUSNESS HANDBOOK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HISTORY OF CONSCIOUSNESS HANDBOOK 2012-2013 #12; 1 HANDBOOK Welcome to graduate study in the History of Consciousness our program's requirements. This handbook is intended as a supplement

California at Santa Cruz, University of

265

National Women's History Month  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

During Women's History Month, we recall that the pioneering legacy of our grandmothers and great-grandmothers is revealed not only in our museums and history books, but also in the fierce...

266

Family History and Offspring  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Family History and Offspring Name: Chad Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Does a family's history in any way determine the chances of a child being born male or...

267

DOE Solar Decathlon: History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History The history of the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon dates to the inaugural event in 2002. Since then, the Solar Decathlon has been held biennially in 2005, 2007,...

268

Muon Collider History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Colliders: A Brief History Below is a brief potted history of the muon collider concept. Click here for a one transparency summary. The muon collider concept is an idea dating back...

269

Fermilab | Women's History Month  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Women's History Month at Fermilab Fermilab recognized Women's History Month through a series of lab-wide events during March 2010. During the past five decades, women from all...

270

History of AOCS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dedicated volunteers have helped guide AOCS from a small regional organization into an international society with influence throughout the world. History of AOCS AOCS History and Governance about us aocs committees contact us division council fats

271

Department of Energy 1977--1994: A summary history  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977 created perhaps the most interesting and diverse agency in the Federal Government. The new department brought together for the first time not only most of the government`s energy programs but also defense responsibilities that included the design, construction, and testing of nuclear weapons. The Department of Energy incorporated a score of organizational entities from a dozen departments and agencies, each with its own history and traditions. Uniting these seemingly disparate entities and programs was a common commitment to performing first rate science and technology. The Department of Energy sought--and continues to seek--to be one of the Nation`s premier science and technology organizations. The Department of Energy, 1977--1994, is a summary history of the origins, goals, and achievements of the Department and selected major programs. Beginning with the various fuels policies on the energy side and the Manhattan project on the defense side, the study details how the Department was born of the energy crisis of the early and mid-1970s. The history then surveys the Department and its programs from the Carter through the Clinton administrations. As the energy crisis eased, the Department played a central role on issues as dissimilar as the Strategic Defense Initiative and the Superconducting Super Collider. With the end of the Cold War, the Department of Energy further transformed itself, moving from the building of bombs to partial dismantlement of the nuclear weapons complex and to an increased emphasis on environmental activities and technology transfer efforts.

Fehner, T.R.; Holl, J.M.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Department of Energy 1977--1994: A Summary History  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

The Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977 created perhaps the most interesting and diverse agency in the Federal Government. The new department brought together for the first time not only most of the government`s energy programs but also defense responsibilities that included the design, construction, and testing of nuclear weapons. The Department of Energy incorporated a score of organizational entities from a dozen departments and agencies, each with its own history and traditions. Uniting these seemingly disparate entities and programs was a common commitment to performing first rate science and technology. The Department of Energy sought--and continues to seek--to be one of the Nation`s premier science and technology organizations. The Department of Energy, 1977--1994, is a summary history of the origins, goals, and achievements of the Department and selected major programs. Beginning with the various fuels policies on the energy side and the Manhattan project on the defense side, the study details how the Department was born of the energy crisis of the early and mid-1970s. The history then surveys the Department and its programs from the Carter through the Clinton administrations. As the energy crisis eased, the Department played a central role on issues as dissimilar as the Strategic Defense Initiative and the Superconducting Super Collider. With the end of the Cold War, the Department of Energy further transformed itself, moving from the building of bombs to partial dismantlement of the nuclear weapons complex and to an increased emphasis on environmental activities and technology transfer efforts.

Fehner, T. R.; Holl, J. M.

1994-11-00T23:59:59.000Z

273

An Inquiry into History, Big History, and Metahistory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Theoretical and Mathematical History Editors’ Column:An Inquiry into History,Big History, and Metahistory David C. Krakauer Santa Fe

Krakauer, David; Gaddis, John L; Pomeranz, Kenneth L

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

EIA Energy Kids - Energy Timelines  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Biomass; Geothermal; Hydropower; Solar; Wind; Electricity. Science of Electricity; Electricity in the U.S. Hydrogen. Recent Statistics. Using & Saving Energy ...

275

timeline_PNNL_PRINT.indd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

reprocessing of weapons-grade nuclear fuels. 1940s The government created the 85-million Atomic Energy Commission laboratory complex operated by General Electric at Hanford for...

276

Professional Preface, 2 (6): Timeline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Professional Preface logo This story appears in The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society's student newsletter Professional Preface, vol. 2, no. 6, p. 4.

277

timeline_PNNL_PRINT.indd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1997 PNNL developed a highly sensitive sampleranalyzer that can be used to prevent proliferation of nuclear weapons by remotely detect- ing trace quantities of materials...

278

NETL: Albany, Oregon History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home > About NETL > History > Albany Research Center History Home > About NETL > History > Albany Research Center History About NETL Albany, Oregon History Albany Research Center has a history rich in successful materials research and development. It was on March 17, 1943 that President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that the U. S. Bureau of Mines had selected a site in Albany, Oregon for the new Northwest Electro-development Laboratory. The original mission of the center was to find methods for using the abundant low-grade resources of the area, and to develop new metallurgical processes using the abundant electrical energy in the area. The name of the center was changed in 1945 to the Albany Metallurgy Research Center and was used through 1977 where the name was shortened to Albany Research Center. One of our first successes was the development

279

History | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News Careers Work with ORNL About ORNL Fact Sheet Brochure Diversity Leadership Team Organization History Environmental Policy Corporate Giving Research Integrity Who we are,...

280

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

that included the design, construction, and testing of nuclear weapons dating from the Manhattan Project effort to build the atomic bomb, and 2) a loosely knit amalgamation of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Microscale acceleration history discriminators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new class of micromechanical acceleration history discriminators is claimed. These discriminators allow the precise differentiation of a wide range of acceleration-time histories, thereby allowing adaptive events to be triggered in response to the severity (or lack thereof) of an external environment. Such devices have applications in airbag activation, and other safety and surety applications.

Polosky, Marc A. (Albuquerque, NM); Plummer, David W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Mosquito Life Histories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Life Histories Life Histories Nature Bulletin No. 682 June 2, 1962 Forest Preserve District of Cook County John J. Duffy, President David H. Thompson, Senior Naturalist MOSQUITO LIFE HISTORIES Everybody knows that a mosquito is a small, long-legged insect that bites. However, there are many kinds of them each with its own peculiarities of life history and habits. Some are produced in marshes or in flood plains of streams, some in puddles, some in woodlands, and others in cities and towns. Here in the Chicago region, although mosquito-borne diseases are no longer a danger, they become nuisances in many places at certain times in almost every year. In times past and in many countries the mosquitoes which carried malaria, yellow fever and other infections shaped the course of history. Hundreds of scientists have studied them for years but much remains to be learned.

283

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

71 - 6380 of 21,429 results. Download The Manhattan Project A brief History of the Manhattan Project: http:energy.govmanagementdownloadsmanhattan-project Download REQUEST FOR...

284

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

doe-awards-1266-million-two-more-large-scale-carbon-sequestration-projects Download The Manhattan Project A brief History of the Manhattan Project: http:energy.govmanagement...

285

BNL | Our History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Our History Our History A Passion for Discovery, a History of Scientific Achievement Brookhaven National Laboratory was established in 1947 on the eastern end of Long Island at the former site of the U.S. Army's Camp Upton. Originally built out of a post-World War II desire to explore the peaceful applications of atomic energy, the Laboratory now has a broader mission: to perform basic and applied research at the frontiers of science, including nuclear and high-energy physics; physics and chemistry of materials; nanoscience; energy and environmental research; national security and nonproliferation; neurosciences; structural biology; and computational sciences. Over its history, Brookhaven Lab has housed three research reactors, numerous one-of-a-kind particle accelerators, and other

286

Black History Month  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

During National African American History Month, we pay tribute to the contributions of past generations and reaffirm our commitment to keeping the American dream alive for the next generation.  In...

287

Preprint History at SLAC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Biased History of Preprint and Database Activities at the SLAC Library, 1962-1994 by L. Addis (with a few updates in Jan 1997, Jun 1999, Apr 2000, Jan 2002) 1962 SLAC Library...

288

A 15 Year History of Growth and Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

research and development (R&D) that AEC ERDA DOE AEC ERDA DOE are major advances in science have improved people's lives andor have had an economic impact Timeline In January...

289

Oakes College: An Oral History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oakes College: An Oral History Blake: That’s unfortunate. I’Oakes College: An Oral History Charland: It took awhile toOakes College: An Oral History with: J. Herman Blake Roberto

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Archives and History Office: Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

at SLAC and its components The Histories page provides publications that examine SLAC history or particular events, experiments, and equipment. The Nobel Prizes page provides...

291

Ny historia?; A new history?.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This essay aims to examine how three active history teachers in the upper secondary school interprets the new course plan for history in gy11.… (more)

Axelsson, Christofer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

ARM Orientation: Overview and History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and History Overview and History Mar 2007 ARM Orientation 2 ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement ARM Chief Scientist Team ARM Chief...

293

History | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

History History History On January 7, 2011, the President signed H.R. 6523 (111th), the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/111/hr6523) which became Public Law 111-384. Section 3124 specifically states, "The Secretary of Energy may establish a program to permit the establishment of energy parks on former defense nuclear facilities" (50 U.S.C. 2814). In response, on February 17, 2011, the Department of Energy (DOE) established a Task Force on the ARI to address the legislation in detail. The purpose of the task force was to implement asset revitalization efforts in response to Congressional direction, and to develop recommendations for a continued formalized asset revitalization program. The task force achieved this through facilitating

294

PAFC History and Successes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PAFC History and Successes PAFC History and Successes John Ferro Manager Product Development john.ferro@utcpower.com 2 2 AGENDA Company overview and history System description and applications Failure modes and life analysis Summary 3 3 Research Center Hamilton Sundstrand Pratt & Whitney Sikorsky UTC Power Otis Carrier UTC Fire & Security UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION 18 th largest U.S. manufacturer (2009 list, Industry Week) 37 th largest U.S. corporation (2009 list, Fortune) 61 st largest publicly held manufacturer in the world (2009 list, Industry Week) Revenues: $58.7 billion (2008) Commercial & Residential Building Systems, Aerospace & Transportation, Industrial systems 4 UTC POWER Markets Transportation fuel cells Stationary fuel cells Global sales 5 continents 19 countries Space & defense

295

SRS - History Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 SEARCH GO Side Menu Spacer SRS Mission & Vision Where We Are SRS History Fact Sheets Tour SRS Contact SRS SRS Home SRS History Highlights The Savannah River Site was constructed during the early 1950s to produce the basic materials used in the fabrication of nuclear weapons, primarily tritium and plutonium-239, in support of our nation's defense programs. Five reactors were built to produce these materials. Also built were a number of support facilities including two chemical separations plants, a heavy water extraction plant, a nuclear fuel and target fabrication facility, a tritium extraction facility and waste management facilities. If you wish to view an in-depth history (1950-2000), please explore SRS at Fifty, our 50th anniversary book. Browse by Era: 1950s * 1960s * 1970s * 1980s * 1990s * 2000s * 2010s

296

History | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

History History History Although they are tiny, atoms have a large amount of energy holding their nuclei together. Certain isotopes of some elements can be split and will release part of their energy as heat. This splitting is called fission. The heat released in fission can be used to help generate electricity in powerplants. Uranium-235 (U-235) is one of the isotopes that fissions easily. During fission, U-235 atoms absorb loose neutrons. This causes U-235 to become unstable and split into two light atoms called fission products. The combined mass of the fission products is less than that of the original U-235. The reduction occurs because some of the matter changes into energy. The energy is released as heat. Two or three neutrons are released along with the heat. These neutrons may hit other

297

Oral Histories: Merril Eisenbud  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 HUMAN RADIATION STUDIES: REMEMBERING THE EARLY YEARS Oral History of Merril Eisenbud Conducted January 26, 1995 United States Department of Energy Office of Human Radiation Experiments May 1995 CONTENTS Foreword Short Biography Early Days as an Industrial Hygienist Hired as AEC's First Industrial Hygienist Insuring Atomic Workers Setting up the AEC's Health and Safety Laboratory Worker's Compensation History Contamination and Industrial Worker Education Federal Versus State Responsibility for Materials Production Safety Plant Safety and the Community Monitoring Radioactive Fallout Radiation and Cancer Rates Safety of the Nuclear Industry Use of Children in Research Developing Thyroid Radiation Counters Secrecy, Louis Strauss, and the Bravo Test Nuclear Test Fallout Studies

298

Management and organizational history: Prospects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We outline the prospects for Management & Organizational History in the form of a 10-point agenda identifying issues that we envisage being addressed in the journal. 1.The 'Historic Turn' in Organization Theory - calls for a more historical orientation ... Keywords: Management history, organizational history, organizational memory, philosophy of history

Charles Booth; Michael Rowlinson

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

History of Residential Grounding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the development of residential electrical service grounding practices in the United States. The report focuses on the history of the National Electrical Code (NEC), which prescribes standards for wiring practices in residences, including grounding of the building electrical service.

2002-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

300

Manhattan Project: Difficult Choices, 1942  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

"Met Lab" alumni at the University of Chicago -- Fermi is on the far left of the front row; Zinn is on Fermi's left; Anderson is on the far right of the front row; and Szilard is over Anderson's right shoulder. DIFFICULT CHOICES "Met Lab" alumni at the University of Chicago -- Fermi is on the far left of the front row; Zinn is on Fermi's left; Anderson is on the far right of the front row; and Szilard is over Anderson's right shoulder. DIFFICULT CHOICES (1942) Events More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 By early 1942, as the United States suffered a series of military defeats in the Pacific, top officials in Washington tentatively had decided to proceed with the construction of an atomic bomb. Two paths seemed possible. A uranium bomb could be achieved if sufficient uranium-235 could be produced by one or more of the three isotope separation methods under consideration: gaseous diffusion, centrifuge, and electromagnetic. A plutonium bomb might provide a quicker route, but it required demonstration that plutonium could be produced in a uranium pile and then be separated in usable quantities. To this end, Arthur Compton consolidated most plutonium research at the new Metallurgical Laboratory (Met Lab) at the University of Chicago.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Manhattan Project: Einstein's Letter, 1939  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Einstein's letter to Roosevelt, August 2, 1939 EINSTEIN'S LETTER Einstein's letter to Roosevelt, August 2, 1939 EINSTEIN'S LETTER (1939) Events > Early Government Support, 1939-1942 Einstein's Letter, 1939 Early Uranium Research, 1939-1941 Piles and Plutonium, 1939-1941 Reorganization and Acceleration, 1940-1941 The MAUD Report, 1941 A Tentative Decision to Build the Bomb, 1941-1942 On October 11, 1939, Alexander Sachs, Wall Street economist and longtime friend and unofficial advisor to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, met with the President to discuss a letter written by Albert Einstein the previous August (right). Einstein had written to inform Roosevelt that recent research on fission chain reactions utilizing uranium made it probable that large amounts of power could be produced by a chain reaction and that, by harnessing this power, the construction of "extremely powerful bombs" was conceivable. Einstein believed the German government was actively supporting research in this area and urged the United States government to do likewise. Sachs read from a cover letter he had prepared and briefed Roosevelt on the main points contained in Einstein's letter. Initially the President was noncommittal and expressed concern over locating the necessary funds, but at a second meeting over breakfast the next morning Roosevelt became convinced of the value of exploring atomic energy.

302

Manhattan Project: S-1 Committee  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Resources Resources About this Site How to Navigate this Site Library Maps Note on Sources Nuclear Energy and the Public's Right to Know Photo Gallery Site Map Sources and Notes Suggested Readings S-1 COMMITTEE Bohemian Grove (September 13, 1942) Resources > Photo Gallery S-1 Committee, Bohemian Grove, September 13, 1942 S-1 Committee members at Bohemian Grove, September 13, 1942. Left to right: Harold C. Urey, Ernest O. Lawrence, James B. Conant, Lyman J. Briggs, Eger V. Murphree, and Arthur H. Compton. The photograph is courtesy Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Click on a link below to return to: Civilian Organizations Enter the Army, 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD)

303

Manhattan Project: Facts About Fallout  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

FACTS ABOUT FALLOUT FACTS ABOUT FALLOUT Federal Civil Defense Administration, National Archives (1955) Resources > Library Below is Facts About Fallout, an eight-page civil defense pamphlet on fallout published by the Federal Civil Defense Administration in 1955. At the bottom of this page there are also three photographs of government-suggested fallout shelter designs and a "Fallout Shelter" sign. The pamphlet is courtesy the National Archives, as are the three photographs of the fallout shelters (courtesy the Federal Emergency Management Agency). The image of the "fallout shelter" sign is courtesy the Environmental Protection Agency. Facts About Fallout, p. 1 Facts About Fallout, p. 2 Facts About Fallout, p. 3 Facts About Fallout, p. 4 Facts About Fallout, p. 5

304

Manhattan Project: CP-1 Construction  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

CP-1 construction, November 24, 1942. Visible are portions of layers 27, 28, and 29. The Goodyear balloon is visible in the background. Events > Difficult Choices, 1942 > More...

305

Manhattan Project: CP-1 Drawing  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Drawing of CP-1 Events > Difficult Choices, 1942 > Picking Horses, November 1942 Events > The Plutonium Path to the Bomb, 1942-1944 > Production Reactor (Pile) Design, Met Lab,...

306

Manufacturing Fuel Cell Manhattan Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

100 and 500 watts of power. Are significantly quieter than a generator - a critical asset, especially for silent watch operations Support the greater use of rechargeable...

307

Manhattan Project: Emilio Segrè, 1954  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Emilio Segr, 1954 Events > Bringing It All Together, 1942-1945 > Basic Research at Los Alamos, Los Alamos: Laboratory, 1943-1944 Emilio Segr, 1954...

308

Manhattan Project: J. Robert Oppenheimer  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

J. Robert Oppenheimer Events > The Uranium Path to the Bomb, 1942-1944 > Y-12 Construction, Oak Ridge: Clinton, 1943 Events > Bringing It All Together, 1942-1945 > Basic Research...

309

Manhattan Project: Fast Neutron Experiment  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

An experiment to determine the cross section of uranium-235 for fast neutrons. The target is the small pile of cubes of uranium hydride. The uranium target is surrounded by larger...

310

Manhattan Project: Harry S. Truman  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Harry S. Truman, November 1945 Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 > Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Washington, D.C., Late Spring 1945 Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 >...

311

About Fermilab - History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

What is Fermilab? What is Fermilab? what is Fermilab main page | mission | history | Enrico Fermi History - Wilson Hall Beauvais Cathedral A daring achievement of Gothic architecture, the Saint-Pierre Cathedral of Beauvais, France helped inspire the distinctive design of Wilson Hall. The Cathedral (A.D. 1225-1568) was never completed westward of the choir and transepts, and the site of the proposed nave is partly occupied by the Romanesque church known as the "Basse oeuvre" ("low work"). The roof fell (A.D. 1284); the choir was reconstructed and strengthened by additional piers (A.D. 1337-47), and in the 16th century the transepts were built. The height of the vault (157 ft., 6 ins.) is the loftiest in Europe, and measures about three and a half times its span. One of the most daring

312

BNL | Our History: Accelerators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

> See also: Reactors > See also: Reactors A History of Leadership in Particle Accelerator Design Cosmotron Cosmotron (1952-1966) Early in Brookhaven Lab history, the consortium of universities responsible for founding the new research center, decided that Brookhaven should provide leading facilities for high energy physics research. In April 1948, the Atomic Energy Commission approved a plan for a proton synchrotron to be built at Brookhaven. The new machine would accelerate protons to previously unheard of energies-comparable to the cosmic rays showering the earth's outer atmosphere. It would be called the Cosmotron. The Cosmotron was the first accelerator in the world to send particles to energies in the billion electron volt, or GeV, region. The machine reached its full design energy of 3.3 GeV in 1953.

313

RMOTC - About Us - History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History History Teapot Dome Scandal Teapot Dome was the popular name for the scandal during the administration of U.S. President Warren G. Harding. The scandal, which involved the secret leasing of naval oil reserve lands to private companies, was first revealed to the general public in 1924 after findings by a committee of the U.S. Senate. Teapot Rock, From which the famous Teapot Dome derives its name The creation of the Naval Petroleum Reserves originated with the growth of federal conservation policy under presidents Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson. The reserves were tracts of public land where oil should be kept in its natural reservoirs for the future use of the Navy. "Teapot Dome" originally acquired its name from a rock nearby

314

Reading Comprehension - Atomic History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atomic History Atomic History A Greek philosopher named Democritus said that all atoms are small, hard particles. He thought that atoms were made of a single material formed into different shapes and sizes. The word " _________ element compound mixture atom " is derived from the Greek word "atomos" which means "not able to be divided." In 1803, John Dalton, a school teacher, proposed his atomic theory. Dalton's theory states that elements (substances composed of only one type of _________ molecules ions atom ) combine in certain proportions to form _________ compounds atoms mixtures elements . In 1897, a British scientist named J. J. Thomson experimented with a cathode-ray tube which had a positively charged plate. The plate attracted negatively charged particles that we now call _________ protons neutrons

315

NERSC Systems History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History of Systems History of Systems History of Systems Established in 1974 at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, NERSC was moved to Berkeley Lab in 1996 with a goal of increased interactions with the UC Berkeley campus. NERSC Systems System Name Installed System Type CPU Computational Pool Interconnect Disk (TB) Avg. Power Linpack HPL/ Top Rank Peak GFlops/s Type Speed Nodes SMP Size Total Cores Aggregate Memory (GB) Avg. Memory/ CPU Edison 2013 Cray XC30 Xeon 12-Core 2.3 GHz 5,200 24 124,800 332,800 2.67GB Hopper 2010 Cray XE6 Opteron Hex-Core 2.1 GHz 6,384 24 153,216 216,832 1.3 GB Gemini 2,000 1,054,000 (5) 1,054,000 Carver 2010 IBM iDataPlex Intel Nehalem Quad-Core 2.6 GHz 400 8 3,200 9,600 3 GB 4X QDR InfiniBand NGF 36,856 (322) 42,656

316

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

..."Nonferrous Metalsâ??A Variety of Possibilities Dictionary of Metals (2012) including a Metals History Timeline...

317

Photon: history, mass, charge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The talk consists of three parts. ``History'' briefly describes the emergence and evolution of the concept of photon during the first two decades of the 20th century. ``Mass'' gives a short review of the literature on the upper limit of the photon's mass. ``Charge'' is a critical discussion of the existing interpretation of searches for photon charge. Schemes, in which all photons are charged, are grossly inconsistent. A model with three kinds of photons (positive, negative and neutral) seems at first sight to be more consistent, but turns out to have its own serious problems.

L. B. Okun

2006-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

318

NTS MC&A History  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within the past three years, the Nevada Test Site (NTS) has progressed from a Category IV to a Category I facility. In accordance with direction from the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Administrator, NTS received shipments of large quantities of special nuclear material from Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and other sites in the DOE complex. September 2004 was the first occurrence of Category I material at the NTS, with the exception of two weeks of underground testing in 2001, since 1992. The Material Control and Accountability (MC&A) program was originally a joint-lab effort by LANL, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and Bechtel Nevada (BN), but in March 2006 the NNSA Nevada Site Office appointed the NTS Management and Operations contractor with sole responsibility. This paper will discuss the process and steps taken to transition the NTS MC&A program from multiple disciplines to a single entity and from a Category IV to a Category I program. This transition flourished as MC&A progressed from the 2004 Office of Assessment (OA) rating of “Significant Weakness” to the 2007 OA assessment rating of “Effective Performance.” The paper will provide timelines, funding and staffing issues, OA assessment findings and corrective actions, and future expectations. The process has been challenging, and MC&A’s innovative responses to the challenges have been very successful.

Mary Alice Price; Kim R. Young

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Archives and History Office: Others' Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

University Historical Photographs Collection Stanford Historical Society (SHS) History of the Stanford Physics Department History of the Ginzton Lab History of science,...

320

Homogeneity Analysis of Event History Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

phrases. Correspondence Analysis, Event History Data. JAN DEHOMOGENEITY ANALYSIS OF EVENT HISTORY DATA JAN DE LEEUW,Kreft, Homogeneity Analysis of Event History Data. Methods

Leeuw, Jan de; Heijden, Peter van der; Kreft, Ita

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Homogeneity Analysis of Event History Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

phrases. Correspondence Analysis, Event History Data. JAN DEHOMOGENEITY ANALYSIS OF EVENT HISTORY DATA JAN DE LEEUW,Kreft, Homogeneity Analysis of Event History Data. Methods

Jan de Leeuw; Peter van der Heijden; Ita Kreft

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

History | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne's Nobelists Argonne's Nobelists Three Argonne physicists have been honored with Nobel Prizes: Enrico Fermi, Argonne's founding director, won the 1938 Nobel Prize in physics for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons. Maria Goeppert Mayer shared the 1963 Nobel Prize in physics. While working at Argonne in 1948, she developed the "nuclear shell model" to explain how neutrons and protons within atomic nuclei are structured. Alexei A. Abrikosov shared the 2003 Nobel Prize in physics for research on condensed-matter physics and superconductivity. Our history sparked the nation's future AVIDAC, Argonne's first digital computer, began operation in January 1953.

323

Archives and History Office: Credits  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information" portion of the site provided highlights and milestones of SLAC history, information about the Nobel Prizes won for research completed at SLAC, and responses...

324

Archives and History Office: Welcome  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

photon science, accelerator and particle physics research. SLAC's Archives and History Office is a coordinate archive to the Stanford University Archives. As such, it...

325

Archives and History Office: Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Resources Resources Information from the SLAC Archives and History Office can be found using the following tools. Historical Photographs provides an interface to our photograph...

326

Revised History of Fort Watauga.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The history of the Revolutionary War Fort Watauga located in present day Elizabethton, TN has yet to be completed. The critique of several Tennessee historians… (more)

Compton, Brian Patrick

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Archives and History Office: Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Archives Prototype (TPAP) Project (2006) Persistent Archives Testbed (PAT) Project (2003-2006) Archives and History Office | Library | InfoMedia Solutions Last Updated: 1017...

328

History | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Join Our Mailing List A Collaborative National Center for Fusion & Plasma Research Search form Search Search Home About Overview Learn More Visiting PPPL History...

329

Our History | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Our History Our History Our History Our History The history of Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) begins in August 2003, when the Department created two offices to provide focus in several critical areas: the Office of Electric Transmission and Distribution (TD), which included elements from the DOE Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy office and the DOE Policy and International Affairs office, to advance the technologies needed to ensure a reliable, robust and modern U.S. electricity grid; and the Office of Energy Assurance (EA), to coordinate Federal response activities within the energy sector during energy disruptions and developed strategies to harden infrastructure against such disruptions. On August 14, 2003, large portions of the Midwest and Northeast United

330

Revolutionizing history education : using augmented reality games to teach histories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In an ever-changing present of multiple truths and reconfigured histories, people need to be critical thinkers. Research has suggested the potential for using augmented reality (AR) games- location-based games that use ...

Schrier, Karen L

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

NEPA History | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

History History NEPA History Selected documents providing historical information on NEPA. June 14, 2012 Federal Register Notices for DOE NEPA Guidelines and Regulations Historical compilation of Federal Register notices for DOE NEPA guidelines and regulations. December 31, 2009 Presidential Proclamation on the 40th Anniversary of the National Environmental Policy Act Proclamation of President Obama to "call upon all executive branch agencies to promote public involvement and transparency in their implementation of the National Environmental Policy Act." July 1, 1999 EPA's Section 309 Review: The Clean Air Act and NEPA This document discusses Section 309 of the Clean Air Act, which authorizes the Environmental Protection Agency to review certain proposed actions of

332

BRS "Symmetry", prehistory and history  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prehistory - Starting from 't Hooft's (1971) we have a short look at Taylor's and Slavnov's works (1971-72) and at the lectures given by Rouet and Stora in Lausanne-1973 which determine the transition from pre-history to history. History - We give a brief account of the main analyses and results of the BRS collaboration concerning the renormalized gauge theories, in particular the method of the regularization independent, algebraic renormalization, the algebraic proof of S-matrix unitarity and that of gauge choice independence of the renormalized physics. We conclude this report with a suggestion to the crucial question: what could remain of BRS invariance beyond perturbation theory.

Carlo M. Becchi

2011-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

333

Quantum Histories and Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reviews the histories approach to quantum mechanics. This discussion is then applied to theories of quantum gravity. It is argued that some of the quantum histories must approximate (in a suitable sense) to classical histories, if the correct classical regime is to be recovered. This observation has significance for the formulation of new theories (such as quantum gravity theories) as it puts a constraint on the kinematics, if the quantum/classical correspondence principle is to be preserved. Consequences for quantum gravity, particularly for Lorentz symmetry and the idea of "emergent geometry", are discussed.

Joe Henson

2009-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

334

Making History : : The Role of History in Contemporary Native American Art  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Michael. Kumeyaay: A History Textbook. El Cajon, CA: Sycuanby Magdalena Zapedowska, History and Theory, no. 45 (2006):Indian and the Problem of History, edited by Calvin Martin,

Cluff, Leah Diane

335

Taking stock of user interface history  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The user interface is coming of age and papers adressing UI history have appeared in fair amounts in the last 25 years. Most of them address particular aspects such as an innovative interface paradigm or the contribution of a visionary or a research ... Keywords: HCI history, history of computing, history of technology, user interface history

Anker Helms Jűrgensen

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

EM History | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EM History EM History EM History Before (left) and after (right) photos of the Hanford site's F Reactor during operations in 1956 and in 2012, when EM and its contractors completed cleanup there. It was the first reactor area at the 586-square-mile Hanford site to be fully remediated. Before (left) and after (right) photos of the Hanford site's F Reactor during operations in 1956 and in 2012, when EM and its contractors completed cleanup there. It was the first reactor area at the 586-square-mile Hanford site to be fully remediated. EM's HISTORY (1989 - present) Fifty years of nuclear weapons production and energy research generated millions of gallons of liquid radioactive waste, millions of cubic meters of solid radioactive wastes, thousands of tons of spent nuclear fuel and

337

Archives and History Office: Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Services Services See our What Can I Do to Help Preserve SLAC's History? brochure (print and fold into thirds) What should you keep? We provide guidance and assistance in managing...

338

Archives and History Office: Terminology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Please see the list of archival material that is of interest to the SLAC Archives and History Office. Non-records: Nonrecords are copies of documents maintained in more than one...

339

HFIR History - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home â€ș Facilities â€ș HFIR â€ș History Home â€ș Facilities â€ș HFIR â€ș History History of HFIR HFIR was constructed in the mid-1960s to fulfill a need for the production of transuranic isotopes (i.e., "heavy" elements such as plutonium and curium). Since then its mission has grown to include materials irradiation, neutron activation, and, most recently, neutron scattering. In 2007, HFIR completed the most dramatic transformation in its 40-year history. During a shutdown of more than a year, the facility was refurbished and a number of new instruments were installed, as well as a cold neutron source. The reactor was restarted in mid-May; it attained its full power of 85 MW within a couple of days, and experiments resumed within a week. Improvements and upgrades to HFIR include an overhaul of the

340

Quantum History cannot be Copied  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that unitarity does not allow cloning of any two points in a ray. This has implication for cloning of the geometric phase information in a quantum state. In particular, the quantum history which is encoded in the geometric phase during cyclic evolution of a quantum system cannot be copied. We also prove that the generalized geometric phase information cannot be copied by a unitary operation. We argue that our result also holds in the consistent history formulation of quantum mechanics.

Arun K. Pati

2005-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

CEUSP_timeline_final_print-ready  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Early Early 1960's The Atomic Energy Commission sponsored a test irradiation of the reactor fuel at the Consolidated Edison Indian Point-1 Reactor in Buchanan, New York. 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 December 1968 - January 1969 Purified uranium was extracted at West Valley Demonstration Project (WVDP) from this fuel. The uranium was chemically separated from the transuranics, fission products, and other constituents common in reactor fuel. 1969 - 1985 The material was stored in a single tank in Building 3019 for 17 years. Cadmium and gadolinium were added to the solution for neutron absorption for criticality control and the tank was routinely monitored. 1985 - 1986 Stored solution was solidified at high temperature in a single campaign into individual small containers (canisters) to

342

Timeline of Events: 2001 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

hardest hit by the expanding power crisis ask the Bush administration to set temporary price caps for wholesale electricity. Secretary Abraham says that he has "grave concerns"...

343

Highlights in Radiation Research - A Timeline  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

survivors. 1947 Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) created to study the biological effects of radiation on Japanese atomic bomb survivors. Brookhaven National Laboratory...

344

Timeline of Events: 2002 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

solutions to our cleanup challenges," Assistant Secretary of Environmental Management Jessie Roberson states. February 14, 2002 In an address before the National Oceanic and...

345

Timeline of Events: 2003 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

could have a chilling effect on cleanup operations at Hanford and elsewhere," notes Jessie Roberson, assistant secretary of environmental management. "We believe we can work...

346

Examiner Duties, Terms and Conditions, Timeline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... you'll: attend a training course—named ... the Top 10 Government Leadership Development Programs by Leadership ... for the Baldrige Program and for ...

2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

347

Technology Timeline — Towards Life in 2020  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

No-one knows precisely what life will be like in 2020, but it is always fun guessing. If we know the development rates of many different technologies, we can anticipate many of the things that will be possible and when they are likely to happen. Considering ...

I. D. Pearson

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Timeline of Events: 2004 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, 2004 Secretary Abraham begins a ten day trip to Asia and the Pacific to advance energy security and promote DOE initiatives. January 9, 2004 In Tokyo, Secretary Abraham and...

349

Timeline of Events: 2005 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Leader Bill Frist (R-TN) and House Speaker J. Dennis Hastert (R-IL) both say passing energy legislation is a top priority. "There is work left undone from the last Congress, and...

350

Timeline of Events: 2010 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

participate in a program to help states develop comprehensive action plans to improve energy efficiency of existing buildings. The program is funded by the Department of Energy...

351

Timeline Print | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure...

352

Timeline of Events: 2003 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chairman Alan Greenspan states that high energy prices put economic growth at risk. "Oil prices, after dropping sharply in March on news that the Iraqi oil fields had been...

353

Timeline of Events: 2001 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ohio, facility. March 6, 2001 Secretary Abraham formally establishes the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve, a two million barrel reserve of government owned heating oil to be...

354

Timeline of Events: 2010 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Modeled on the Energy Star program, Home Star would apply not to appliances but to the home itself. Rebates would be made available for the installation of energy efficient...

355

Timeline of Events: 2004 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

gas prices this winter are expected to be 11 percent higher than they were last winter. Heating oil prices are expected to average 29 percent higher and propane prices 17 percent...

356

Timeline of Events: 2002 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge but encourages the construction of an Alaskan natural gas pipeline, requires that renewables make up 10 percent of electrical generation by 2020,...

357

Archives and History Office: About This Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

iconographic images are provided in Images Used in This Site. Credits provide a brief history of the Archives and History Office web site. -- Return to top -- Archives and History...

358

Art History and the Invention of Botticelli  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Charles. Materials for a History of Oil-Painting. 2 vols.in the Narrative of Art History. Ithaca: Cornell UniversityWarburg’s Tradition. ” Art History 16 (1993): 541-53. James,

Melius, Jeremy Norman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Art History and the Invention of Botticelli  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Charles. Materials for a History of Oil-Painting. 2 vols.s Materials for a History of Oil-Painting (London: Longman,oil of ten years later. Here the mixture of stylistic features seems to articulate the history

Melius, Jeremy Norman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

History Overview of Solid-State Lighting - History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Condensed History of Lighting | Review Articles | FAQs | Condensed History of Lighting | Review Articles | FAQs | Documents Archive | CONDENSED HISTORY OF LIGHTING Figure courtesy of Jeff Tsao; a version of this figure was published in IEEE Circuits and Devices Vol 20, No 3, pp 28-37, May/June, 2004 Lighting technologies are substitutes for sunlight in the 425-675 nm spectral region where sunlight is most concentrated and to which the human eye has evolved to be most sensitive. The history of lighting can be viewed as the development of increasingly efficient technologies for creating visible light inside, but not wasted light outside, of that spectral region. A 200-year perspective on that history is shown in the figure above. The left axis indicates luminous efficacy, in units of lumens (a measure of light which factors in the human visual response to various wavelengths) per watt. The right axis indicates the corresponding power-conversion efficiency for a tri-LED tri-color white light source with moderate color rendering (CRI=80) and relatively warm color temperature (CCT=3900K). For such a source, 400lm/W would correspond to 100% power-conversion efficiency.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Building Technologies Office: History and Impacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Impacts on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: History and Impacts on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: History and Impacts on Delicious Rank Building...

362

A History of Physics Research at Brookhaven  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A History of Physics Research at Brookhaven Brookhaven physics history banner Begin your tour of physics discoveries made at Brookhaven >> From its inception Brookhaven has had a...

363

Bartlesville History | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bartlesville History Bartlesville History Bartlesville History The Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, Bartlesville, Oklahoma, circa 1937. The Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, Bartlesville, Oklahoma, circa 1937. Origins of the U.S. Government's First Petroleum Research Laboratory By 1916 the Bureau of Mines, which had been established six years earlier in the U.S. Department of the Interior, recognized the transforming role that petroleum was playing in American society. Across the country, the Bureau had begun establishing experiment stations, each specializing in a different extraction industry - coal, metals, clay, and other minerals - and each located close to the major centers of each resource. Now, the Bureau announced its intent to establish a petroleum experiment station

364

APS USER TRAINING HISTORY Background  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

USER TRAINING HISTORY USER TRAINING HISTORY Background The User Program Division Director has delegated to the CATs the authority to authorize the conduct of experiments because the CATs have accepted responsibility for: * identifying and evaluating the hazards posed by the experiment, * specifying controls appropriate to the hazards, and * verifying that controls are in place. One form of hazard control frequently made mandatory by law and laboratory policy is worker knowledge. The accepted means of verifying that a worker has the required knowledge is ensuring that the worker has completed appropriate training. With CAT input, the APS has developed the APS User Training History. This web-based tool enables designated CAT personnel to examine data characterizing ES&H training courses

365

FTCP History | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

History History FTCP History In 1993, the Board issued Recommendation 93-3, Improving DOE Technical Capability in Defense Nuclear Facilities. This recommendation resulted in DOE's establishing the Federal Technical Capability Panel (FTCP) and developing two noteworthy standards: DOE M 426.1-1, Federal Technical Capability Manual, and DOE G 426.1-1, Recruiting, Hiring, and Retaining High Quality Technical Staff: A Manager's Guide to Administrative Flexibilities. These standards provide techniques and processes for improving the recruitment, retention, training, and qualification of high-quality personnel. Board Recommendation 93-3 was issued on June 1, 1993, and accepted by the Department of Energy on July 23, 1993. The Recommendation discussed the need to improve the technical capability of federal employees associated

366

Pennsylvania 1995 Vintage Gas Well History  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Pennsylvania 1995 Vintage Gas Well History. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

367

West Virginia 1995 Vintage Gas Well History  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

West Virginia 1995 Vintage Gas Well History. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

368

North Dakota 1995 Vintage Gas Well History  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

North Dakota 1995 Vintage Gas Well History. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

369

United States 1995 Vintage Oil Well History  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

United States 1995 Vintage Oil Well History. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

370

West Virginia 1995 Vintage Oil Well History  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

West Virginia 1995 Vintage Oil Well History. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

371

North Dakota 1995 Vintage Oil Well History  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

North Dakota 1995 Vintage Oil Well History. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

372

BLACK HISTORY @ Your Education Library  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BLACK HISTORY @ Your Education Library Focus on Canadian Resources: Songs Granfield, Linda. Illus, Rella. Solme Black Women: Profiles of Black Women in Canada. Sister Vision, 1993. FC106.B6B73 1993 Bramble, Linda. Black Fugitive Slaves in Early Canada. Vanwell, 1987. Juv E450.B73 1987 Carter, Velma

Ellis, Randy

373

Fossil Generating Station Case Histories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This annual EPRI Technical Update is a compilation of several case histories of events and activities that occurred at member fossil generating stations in 2007. The purpose of this report is to share this operating experience with other member utilities so that lessons can be learned and an opportunity provided to improve overall performance across the generation fleet.

2008-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

374

A Critical History of Renormalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The history of renormalization is reviewed with a critical eye, starting with Lorentz's theory of radiation damping, through perturbative QED with Dyson, Gell-Mann & Low, and others, to Wilson's formulation and Polchinski's functional equation, and applications to "triviality", and dark energy in cosmology.

Huang, Kerson

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

About EIA - History - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Legislative Timeline Legislative Timeline The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) was created in response to the need for additional Federal initiatives to collect and disseminate energy-related information, and to evaluate and analyze this information. These needs were revealed as the United States sought to respond to the energy crises of the 1970s. The first law to address these needs was the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 and, over the years, many subsequent laws have contributed to EIA's evolution and growth. 1974: Federal Energy Administration (FEA) Act (P.L. 93-275, 15 USC 761) Created the FEA and mandated it to collect, assemble, evaluate, and analyze energy information; provide energy information and projections to the Federal Government, State Governments, and the public; and provide Congress

376

History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wigner. The letter brought the Commander and Chief's attention to the potential of nuclear fission and nuclear weapons. The letter encouraged the president to begin developing...

377

History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

generators for space applications since 1961. These generators provide electrical power for spacecraft by direct conversion of the heat generated by the decay of...

378

A New Vision of Local History Narrative: Writing History in Cummington, Massachusetts.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Scholars who have written about local history hold no consensus on the purpose, value, and even definition of local history narrative. This thesis seeks to… (more)

Pasternak, Stephanie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

A strange history of Vietnam: the history of the Vietnam War through film.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??History is being taught by film and as a result many people obtain an "Impression" of history and learn incomplete or in some cases biased… (more)

Foster, Jason Everitt

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

14.731 Economic History, Fall 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A survey of world economic history, designed to introduce economics graduate students to the subject matter and methodology of economic history. Topics chosen to show a wide variety of historical experience and illuminate ...

Temin, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Manhattan Project Resource Page Launched On the 68th anniversary of the birth of the atomic age, read up on the history of the Manhattan Project through this new resource...

382

Our History | National Nuclear Security Administration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our...

383

Oral History As Method and Practice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Keywords:  Oral History, Trauma, Immigrant Communities,Practice  Through oral history, in which the work threads between oral history,  testimony giving and 

Mun?hye Baik, Crystal

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

History of the production complex: The methods of site selection  

SciTech Connect

Experience taught the Atomic Energy Commission how to select the best possible sites for its production facilities. AEC officials learned from the precedents set by the wartime Manhattan Project and from their own mistakes in the immediate postwar years. This volume discusses several site selections. The sites covered are: (1) the Hanford Reservation, (2) the Idaho reactor site, (3) the Savannah River Plant, (4) the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant, (5) the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant, (6) the Fernald Production Center, (7) the PANTEX and Spoon River Plants, (8) the Rocky Flats Fabrication Facility, and (9) the Miamisburg and Pinellas plants. (JDH)

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

About EIA - Ourwork - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Budget, Plans & Performance. Budget & Performance; Strategic Plan; Our History. EIA Documentary (video) Previous Administrators; Legislative Timeline; EIA Conferences.

386

EIA Energy Kids - Using & Saving Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Recycling; History of Energy. Energy Timelines; Famous People; Calculators & Tools Games & Activities. Riddles; Slang; Puzzles; Science Fair Experiments; Field Trips ...

387

EIA Energy Kids - Energy Kids: Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Recycling; History of Energy. Energy Timelines; Famous People; Calculators & Tools Games & Activities. Riddles; Slang; Puzzles; Science Fair Experiments; Field Trips ...

388

EIA Energy Kids - Crossword Puzzle - Petroleum  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Recycling; History of Energy. Energy Timelines; Famous People; Calculators & Tools Games & Activities. Riddles; Slang; Puzzles; Science Fair Experiments; Field Trips ...

389

EIA Energy Kids - Related Links  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Recycling; History of Energy. Energy Timelines; Famous People; Calculators & Tools Games & Activities. Riddles; Slang; Puzzles; Science Fair Experiments; Field Trips ...

390

EIA Energy Kids - CONSOL Coal Mine - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Recycling; History of Energy. Energy Timelines; Famous People; Calculators & Tools Games & Activities. Riddles; Slang; Puzzles; Science Fair Experiments; Field Trips ...

391

EIA Energy Kids - Energy Kids: Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Saving Energy; Recycling; History of Energy. Energy Timelines; Famous People; Calculators & Tools Games & Activities. Riddles; Slang; Puzzles; Science Fair ...

392

THE HISTORY OF STANDARD OIL/EXXONMOBIL IN BATON ROUGE Oral History Interviewee Contact Survey Form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE HISTORY OF STANDARD OIL/EXXONMOBIL IN BATON ROUGE Oral History Interviewee Contact Survey Form LSU Libraries Special Collections Williams Center for Oral History If you think that you location; T. Harry Williams Center for Oral History: ATTN: Staff LSU Libraries Special Collections Agnes

Harms, Kyle E.

393

The History of Montpelier From 1864 to 1925.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??There have been many histories written on the great movements of American History and most states have had their histories, but almost endless localities have… (more)

Rich, A. McKay

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

US Energy Service Company Industry: History and Business Models...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Business Models US Energy Service Company Industry: History and Business Models Information about the history of US Energy Service Company including industry history,...

395

Digital Media in History: Remediating Data and Narratives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fasolt, The Limits of History (Chicago: University ofthis phrase writing history as the his- torical enterprise,de Certeau, The Writing of History, trans by Tom Conley (New

Tanaka, Stefan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Transcultural Battlefield: Recent Japanese Translations of Philippine History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Firipin no Rekishi [A History of the Philippines]. Tokyo:ed. 2003. Can We Write History? : Between Postmodernism andKinyu [Philippine Banking History: American Colonial State

Nagano, Yoshiko

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

A New History of Banking Panics in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of Economic History (December): Catterall, Ralph.H. 1957. “Conspectus for a History of Economic and BusinessJournal of Economic History 17 (September): 333-388.

Jalil, Andrew Javed

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Manhattan Project: Fission Comes to America, 1939  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Excerpt from the comic book "Adventures Inside the Atom." Click on this image or visit the "Library" to view the whole comic book. FISSION COMES TO AMERICA Excerpt from the comic book "Adventures Inside the Atom." Click on this image or visit the "Library" to view the whole comic book. FISSION COMES TO AMERICA (1939) Events > Atomic Discoveries, 1890s-1939 A Miniature Solar System, 1890s-1919 Exploring the Atom, 1919-1932 Atomic Bombardment, 1932-1938 The Discovery of Fission, 1938-1939 Fission Comes to America, 1939 News of the fission experiments of Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann, and of the Meitner-Frisch calculations that confirmed them, spread rapidly. Meitner and Frisch communicated their results to Niels Bohr, who was in Copenhagen preparing to depart for the United States via Sweden and England. Bohr confirmed the validity of the findings while sailing to New York City, arriving on January 16, 1939. Ten days later Bohr, accompanied by Enrico Fermi, communicated the latest developments to some European émigré scientists who had preceded him to this country and to members of the American scientific community at the opening session of a conference on theoretical physics in Washington, D.C.

399

Manhattan Project: Atomic Bombardment, 1932-1938  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Solvay Physics Conference, Brussels, October 1933 ATOMIC BOMBARDMENT Solvay Physics Conference, Brussels, October 1933 ATOMIC BOMBARDMENT (1932-1938) Events > Atomic Discoveries, 1890s-1939 A Miniature Solar System, 1890s-1919 Exploring the Atom, 1919-1932 Atomic Bombardment, 1932-1938 The Discovery of Fission, 1938-1939 Fission Comes to America, 1939 M. Stanley Livingston and Ernest O. Lawrence in front of a 27-inch cyclotron, Rad Lab, University of California, Berkeley, 1934. In the 1930s, scientists learned a tremendous amount about the structure of the atom by bombarding it with sub-atomic particles. Ernest O. Lawrence's cyclotron, the Cockroft-Walton machine, and the Van de Graaff generator, developed by Robert J. Van de Graaff at Princeton University, were particle accelerators designed to bombard the nuclei of various elements to disintegrate atoms. Attempts of the early 1930s to split atoms, however, required huge amounts of energy because the first accelerators used proton beams and alpha particles as sources of energy. Since protons and alpha particles are positively charged, they Albert Einstein met substantial resistance from the positively charged target nucleus when they attempted to penetrate atoms. Even high-speed protons and alpha particles scored direct hits on a nucleus only approximately once in a million tries. Most simply passed by the target nucleus. Not surprisingly, Ernest Rutherford, Albert Einstein (right), and Niels Bohr regarded particle bombardment as useful in furthering knowledge of nuclear physics but believed it unlikely to meet public expectations of harnessing the power of the atom for practical purposes anytime in the near future. In a 1933 interview, Rutherford called such expectations "moonshine." Einstein compared particle bombardment with shooting in the dark at scarce birds, while Bohr, the Danish Nobel laureate, agreed that the chances of taming atomic energy were remote.

400

Manhattan Project: Enter the Army, 1942  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Army parade, Los Alamos ENTER THE ARMY Army parade, Los Alamos ENTER THE ARMY (1942) Events > Difficult Choices, 1942 More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 The decision to proceed with planning for the production of enriched uranium and of plutonium led directly to the involvement of the Army, specifically the Corps of Engineers. President Roosevelt had approved Army involvement on October 9, 1941, and Vannevar Bush had arranged for Army participation at S-1 meetings beginning in March 1942. The need for security suggested placing the S-1 program within one of the armed forces, and the construction expertise of the Corps of Engineers made it the logical choice to build the production facilities envisioned in the Conant report of May 23.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Manhattan Project: William S. "Deke" Parsons  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Alamos, Los Alamos: Laboratory, 1943-1944 Places > Other Places > Bomb Casing and Drop Test Sites Places > Los Alamos: The Laboratory > S-Site Implosion Facility William S. "Deke"...

402

Manhattan Project: First Atomic Energy Commissioners  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Resources About this Site How to Navigate this Site Library Maps Note on Sources Nuclear Energy and the Public's Right to Know Photo Gallery Site Map Sources and Notes Suggested...

403

Manhattan Project: More Piles and Plutonium, 1942  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

"Met Lab" alumni at the University of Chicago -- Fermi is on the far left of the front row; Zinn is on Fermi's left; Anderson is on the far right of the front row; and Szilard is over Anderson's right shoulder. MORE PILES AND PLUTONIUM "Met Lab" alumni at the University of Chicago -- Fermi is on the far left of the front row; Zinn is on Fermi's left; Anderson is on the far right of the front row; and Szilard is over Anderson's right shoulder. MORE PILES AND PLUTONIUM (1942) Events > Difficult Choices, 1942 More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 At the University of Chicago, meanwhile, Arthur Compton had consolidated most fission research at his new Metallurgical Laboratory(Met Lab). Compton decided to combine all pile research by stages. He continued to fund Enrico Fermi's pile research at Columbia University, while Fermi began preparations to move his work to Chicago. Funding continued as well for the theoretical work of Eugene Wigner at Princeton and of J. Robert Oppenheimer at the University of California, Berkeley. Compton also appointed Leo Szilard head of materials acquisition and arranged for Glenn T. Seaborg to move his plutonium work from Berkeley to Chicago in April 1942.

404

Manhattan Project: The Maud Report, 1941  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

The first page of the MAUD Report. THE MAUD REPORT The first page of the MAUD Report. THE MAUD REPORT (1941) Events > Early Government Support, 1939-1942 Einstein's Letter, 1939 Early Uranium Research, 1939-1941 Piles and Plutonium, 1939-1941 Reorganization and Acceleration, 1940-1941 The MAUD Report, 1941 A Tentative Decision to Build the Bomb, 1941-1942 The most influential study of the feasibility of the atomic bomb originated on the other side of the Atlantic. In July 1941, just days after finding the second National Academy of Sciences report so disappointing, Vannevar Bush received a copy of a draft report forwarded from the National Defense Research Committee liaison office in London. The report, prepared by a group codenamed the MAUD Committee and set up by the British in spring 1940 to study the possibility of developing a nuclear weapon, maintained that a sufficiently purified critical mass of uranium-235 could fission even with fast neutrons. Building upon theoretical work on atomic bombs performed by refugee physicists Rudolf Peierls and Otto Frisch in 1940 and 1941, the MAUD report estimated that a critical mass of ten kilograms would be large enough to produce an enormous explosion. A bomb this size could be loaded on existing aircraft and be ready in approximately two years.

405

Manhattan Project: Picking Horses, November 1942  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

General Leslie Groves PICKING HORSES General Leslie Groves PICKING HORSES (November 1942) Events > Difficult Choices, 1942 More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 Leslie Groves (right) moved swiftly to make good on his new timetable by scheduling a decisive meeting of the Military Policy Committee for November 12, 1942, and of the S-1 Executive Committee for November 14. The scientists at each of the institutions doing isotope separation research knew these meetings would determine the uranium-235 separation method to be used in the bomb project; therefore, the keen competition among the institutions added to the sense of urgency created by the war. Ernest Lawrence's team working on the electromagnetic method at the University of California, Berkeley, remained the most optimistic team working on uranium enrichment. The gaseous diffusion research being conducted at Columbia University continued to meet serious difficulties, but it was still considered a viable option. The big loser of the November meetings was the centrifuge process, which was finally dropped from consideration.

406

Manhattan Project: More Uranium Research, 1942  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Cubes of uranium metal, Los Alamos, 1945 MORE URANIUM RESEARCH Cubes of uranium metal, Los Alamos, 1945 MORE URANIUM RESEARCH (1942) Events > Difficult Choices, 1942 More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 During the first half of 1942, several routes to a bomb via uranium continued to be explored. At Columbia University, Harold Urey worked on the gaseous diffusion and centrifuge systems for isotope separation in the codenamed SAM (Substitute or Special Alloy Metals) Laboratory. At Berkeley, Ernest Lawrence continued his investigations on electromagnetic separation using the "calutron" he had converted from his thirty-seven-inch cyclotron. Phillip Abelson, who had moved from the Carnegie Institution and the National Bureau of Standards to the Naval Research Laboratory, continued his work on liquid thermal diffusion but with few positive results, and he had lost all contact with the S-1 Section of the Office of Scientific Research and Development. Meanwhile Eger Murphree's group hurriedly studied ways to move from laboratory experiments to production facilities.

407

Manhattan Project: Einstein's Letter to Roosevelt  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

EINSTEIN'S LETTER TO ROOSEVELT Albert Einstein (with Leo Szilard) to President Franklin Roosevelt, August 2, 1939 Resources > Library Below are photographs of both pages of the letter written by Albert Einstein, with the help of Leo Szilard, to President Franklin Roosevelt on August 2, 1939, warning Roosevelt of the dangers posed by nuclear energy. Click here for more background on the writing of this letter. The photographs of the pages themselves are courtesy the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum. First page of Einstein's letter to Roosevelt, August 2, 1939. Second page of Einstein's letter to Roosevelt, August 2, 1939. Click on a link below to return to Einstein's Letter, 1939 Albert Einstein Library Sources and notes for this page.

408

Manhattan Project: Y-12 Construction, 1943  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Groundbreaking for Y-12, Oak Ridge Y-12: CONSTRUCTION Groundbreaking for Y-12, Oak Ridge Y-12: CONSTRUCTION (Oak Ridge: Clinton, 1943) Events > The Uranium Path to the Bomb, 1942-1944 Y-12: Design, 1942-1943 Y-12: Construction, 1943 Y-12: Operation, 1943-1944 Working K-25 into the Mix, 1943-1944 The Navy and Thermal Diffusion, 1944 Groundbreaking for the Alpha plant of the Y-12 Electromagnetic Plant took place at Oak Ridge on February 18, 1943 (right). Soon blueprints could not be produced fast enough to keep up with construction as Stone & Webster labored to meet Leslie Groves's deadline. The Beta facility was actually begun before formal authorization. While laborers were aggressively recruited, there was always a shortage of workers skilled Y-12 construction, Oak Ridge enough to perform jobs according to the rigid specifications. (A further complication was that some tasks could be performed only by workers with security clearances.) Huge amounts of material had to be obtained (38 million board feet of lumber, for instance), and the magnets needed so much copper for windings that the Army had to borrow almost 15,000 tons of silver bullion from the United States Treasury to fabricate into strips and wind on to coils as a substitute for copper. Treasury silver was also used to manufacture the busbars that ran around the top of the racetracks.

409

Manhattan Project: Atomic Discoveries, 1890s-1939  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Excerpt from the comic book "Adventures Inside the Atom." Click on this image or visit the "Library" to view the whole comic book. ATOMIC DISCOVERIES Excerpt from the comic book "Adventures Inside the Atom." Click on this image or visit the "Library" to view the whole comic book. ATOMIC DISCOVERIES (1890s-1939) Events A Miniature Solar System, 1890s-1919 Exploring the Atom, 1919-1932 Atomic Bombardment, 1932-1938 The Discovery of Fission, 1938-1939 Fission Comes to America, 1939 Philosophers of Ancient Greece reasoned that all matter in the universe must be composed of fundamental, unchangeable, and indivisible objects, which they called "atoma" ("ατo”α"). The exact nature of these atoms remained elusive, however, despite centuries of attempts by alchemists to create a "philosopher's stone" that could transmute atoms of lead to gold, prove the Greeks wrong, and make its inventors Modern model of an atom very rich. It was only in the late 1890s and the early twentieth-century that this view of a solid atom, bouncing around the universe like a billiard ball, was replaced by an atom that resembled more a miniature solar system, its electrons orbiting around a small nucleus. Explorations into the nature of the atom from 1919 to 1932 confirmed this new model, especially with Ernest Rutherford's 1919 success in finally transmuting an atom of one substance into another and with James Chadwick's 1932 discovery of the elusive final basic particle of the atom, the neutron. From 1932 to 1938, scientists around the world learned a great deal more about atoms, primarily by bombarding the nuclei of atoms and using a variety of particle accelerators. In 1938, word came from Berlin of the most startling result of them all: the nucleus of an atom could actually be split in two, or "fissioned." This breakthrough was quickly confirmed in the United States and elsewhere. According to the theories of Albert Einstein, the fission of an atom should result in a release of energy. An "atomic bomb" was now no longer just science fiction -- it was a distinct possibility.

410

Manhattan Project: CP-1 Chianti Bottle  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

The Chianti used to celebrate CP-1 going critical. Some of the signatures are visible on the label. Events > The Plutonium Path to the Bomb, 1942-1944 > CP-1 Goes Critical, Met...

411

Manhattan Project: CP-1 Going Critical  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Painting of CP-1 Going Critical Events > The Plutonium Path to the Bomb, 1942-1944 Events > The Plutonium Path to the Bomb, 1942-1944 > CP-1 Goes Critical, Met Lab, December 2,...

412

Events leading to the Manhattan Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

be valuable to Germany's efforts to create a fission weapon. Norway then gave the entire stock of heavy water to a French Secret Service agent who smuggled it through England to...

413

Manhattan, Montana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8563173°, -111.3307931° 8563173°, -111.3307931° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.8563173,"lon":-111.3307931,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

414

Manhattan Project: K-25 Gaseous Diffusion Plant  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

K-25 Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Oak Ridge Events > The Uranium Path to the Bomb, 1942-1944 Events > The Uranium Path to the Bomb, 1942-1944 > Working K-25 into the Mix, Oak Ridge:...

415

''Mini-Manhattan Project'' for Cellulases (Revision)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is working to make ethanol Americas automotive fuel of the future by domestically producing it from lignocellulosic biomass, the most abundant renewable resource on earth.

Not Available

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Manhattan Project: Army parade, Los Alamos  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Army parade, Los Alamos Events > Difficult Choices, 1942 > Enter the Army, 1942 People > Military Organizations > Army Corps of Engineers Army parade, Los Alamos...

417

Manhattan Project: President Franklin D. Roosevelt  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

President Franklin D. Roosevelt Events > Early Government Support, 1939-1942 > Einstein's Letter, 1939 People > Administrators > Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United...

418

ARM Orientation: Overview and History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARM Orientation: ARM Orientation: Overview and History Warren Wiscombe ARM Chief Scientist Brookhaven & NASA ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement 2 Mar 2006 ARM Orientation You want me to be Chief Scientist? Can you believe this guy? ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement 3 Mar 2006 ARM Orientation ARM in a nutshell ARM in a nutshell * * Largest global change research program Largest global change research program funded by the U.S. Department of Energy funded by the U.S. Department of Energy ($44M/yr; ~ ($44M/yr; ~ $10M/yr fo $10M/yr fo r Science Team r Science Team ) ) * * Created to improve cloud and radiation Created to improve cloud and radiation physics and cloud simulation capabilities in physics and cloud simulation capabilities in

419

Tech Area II: A History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report documents the history of the major buildings in Sandia National Laboratories' Technical Area II. It was prepared in support of the Department of Energy's compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act. Technical Area II was designed and constructed in 1948 specifically for the final assembly of the non-nuclear components of nuclear weapons, and was the primary site conducting such assembly until 1952. Both the architecture and location of the oldest buildings in the area reflect their original purpose. Assembly activities continued in Area II from 1952 to 1957, but the major responsibility for this work shifted to other sites in the Atomic Energy Commission's integrated contractor complex. Gradually, additional buildings were constructed and the original buildings were modified. After 1960, the Area's primary purpose was the research and testing of high-explosive components for nuclear weapons. In 1994, Sandia constructed new facilities for work on hi...

Rebecca Ullrich; Rebecca Ullrich

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Our History | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

History | National Nuclear Security Administration History | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Our History Home > About Us > Our History Our History The NNSA was established by Congress in 2000 as a separately organized agency within the U.S. Department of Energy, responsible for the management and security of the nation's nuclear weapons, nuclear nonproliferation,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Department of Energy, 1977-1994, A Summary History | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy, 1977-1994, A Summary History Department of Energy, 1977-1994, A Summary History history fo the Department of Energy Department of Energy, 1977-1994, A Summary History More...

422

History Update 2012New Companion Website  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to facilitate learning and provide additional material History of Africa, 3 rd edition offers a richly illustrated and critical narrative to the history of the entire continent, from ancient times through to the present day. Taking an easy-to-follow chronological and regional approach and written in clear, accessible language, this is the ideal textbook for students new to African History. New 3 rd Edition

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Our History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Our History to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Our...

424

NIST Photoionization of CO2 Version History  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CO2-button Photoionization of CO 2. Version History. Example ... 1.0). [Online] Available: http://physics.nist.gov/CO2 [year, month day]. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

425

Archives and History Office: Jean Marie Deken  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2006. Photo by Diana Rogers Archivist "Archives offer...a sense of identity, locality, history, culture, and personal and collective memory..." Jean Marie Deken SLAC Archives and...

426

Archives and History Office: Staff Biographies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1919-2007 Bob (Robert) Siemann, - 2008 Walter "Juni" Zawojski, 1912-2009 -- Return to top -- Archives and History Office | Library | InfoMedia Solutions Last Updated: 03012013...

427

Samuel Johnson, Marni Mishna Introduction Motivation History ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We would like to explain the link in detail. History. ?Full plane: Trivial, factor is always ?S = |S|. ?Half plane: Drift dependent, fully explicit results based on singu- .

428

Understanding Materials Science History, Science, Applications - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 10, 2007 ... CITATION: Hummel, R.E. Understanding Materials Science History, Science, Applications, 2nd Edition, New York: Springer, 2004.

429

Archives and History Office: Site Map  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Help SLAC Popular Periodicals Help Digital Resources SU Reports ABA Reports Oral History Rules Researcher Application Form Others' Resources Services What Can I Do to Help...

430

Environmental History: Methods, Research, and Practice.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis has three parts, a historiography and original research into path of environmental history, culminating with the development of a website titled: Teaching… (more)

Barry, Gavin James

431

Archives and History Office: Program Review Committee  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About Us > Program Review Committee Program Review Committee The SLAC Archives and History Office Program Review Committee was a standing committee charged with advising SLAC...

432

A History of the Atomic Energy Commission  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A History of the Atomic Energy Commission - written by Alice L. BuckWashington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Energy, July 1983. 41 pp. 

433

PDF: The History of Nuclear Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 12, 2007 ... This 28-page report, produced by the U. S. Department of Energy, reviews the history of nuclear energy from the discovery of fission through ...

434

Sources of History of Nursing in Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sources of Nursing History in Korea, 1886-1911. Commissionedthe nursing profession in Korea. Regarding the publicationearly modern and colonial Korea, and stimulate the in-depth

UCLA Center for the Study of Women

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Archives and History Office: About Us  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(through 2009) Processing Scorecard (through FY2012) Functions Flow AHO Functions flow chart -- Return to top -- Archives and History Office | Library | InfoMedia Solutions...

436

NETL: Technology Transfer - History of Technology Transfer  

History of Technology Transfer Technology transfer differs from providing services or products (e.g., acquisition) and financial assistance (e.g., ...

437

Tectonic history of southeastern Illinois  

SciTech Connect

Recurrent movements on the northeast-trending Reelfoot rift and west-trending Rough Creek fault zone dominated southeastern Illinois tectonic history. Early Cambrian rifting along both zones created deep trenches that began to fill with sediments. Intermittent movements continued, but faults were quiescent by the Mississippian. Then renewed extension on the Reelfoot rift in the Early Permian produced high-angle normal faults in the Wabash Valley fault system and fluorspar area fault complex, and the right-lateral Cottage Grove fault system. Igneous intrusions accompanied this action: upwelling magma formed Omaha dome; Hicks dome and associated concentric and radial faults appear to have been formed by explosive igneous activity. After the Early Permian, recurrent up-and-down movements of several thousand feet reactivated the fluorspar area fault complex and created the present day Rough Creek and Shawneetown fault zones. Blocks bordering faults returned roughly to their original positions by the Late Cretaceous, leaving narrow slices of rock upthrown and downthrown along faults. Faults in Illinois probably have been inactive since the Cretaceous Period, although the Reelfoot rift south of Cairo has been reactivated. Earthquakes in Illinois today apparently are caused by local east-west horizontal compressional stresses not related to known bedrock faults.

Nelson, W.J.; Lumm, D.K.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

The History of the Microscope  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Microscope the Microscope Nature Bulletin No. 506 November 9, 1957 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Daniel Ryan, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor David H. Thompson, Senior Naturalist THE HISTORY OF THE MICROSCOPE During that historic period known as the Renaissance, after the "dark" Middle Ages, there occurred the inventions of printing, gunpowder and the mariner's compass, followed by the discovery of America. Equally remarkable was the invention of the microscope: an instrument that enables the human eye, by means of a lens or combinations of lenses, to observe enlarged images of tiny objects. It made visible the fascinating details of worlds within worlds. Long before, in the hazy unrecorded past, someone picked up a piece of transparent crystal thicker in the middle than at the edges, looked through it, and discovered that it made things look larger. Someone also found that such a crystal would focus the sun's rays and set fire to a piece of parchment or cloth. Magnifiers and "burning glasses" are mentioned in the writings of Seneca and Pliny the Elder, Roman philosophers during the first century A. D., but apparently they were not used much until the invention of spectacles, toward the end of the 13th century. They were named lenses because they are shaped like the seeds of a lentil.

439

The History of Arbor Day  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Arbor Day Arbor Day Nature Bulletin No. 227-A April 23, 1966 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE HISTORY OF ARBOR DAY Most holidays remind us of past events, but Arbor Day, set aside for the planting of trees, looks toward the future. That is truly conservation. Conservation may be defined as the wise use of all our natural resources for the permanent good of all the people . It is a way of living that looks toward the future. The idea of Arbor Day started on January 4, 1872, when J. Sterling Morton, then a member of the Nebraska Board of Agriculture, introduced a resolution that: "Wednesday, the tenth day of April, 1872, be and the same is hereby especially set apart and consecrated for the planting of trees in the State of Nebraska and the State Board of Agriculture hereby name it Arbor Day; and to urge upon the people of the State the vital importance of tree planting .... .

440

Decoherent Histories Quantum Mechanics with One 'Real' Fine-Grained History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decoherent histories quantum theory is reformulated with the assumption that there is one "real" fine-grained history, specified in a preferred complete set of sum-over-histories variables. This real history is described by embedding it in an ensemble of comparable imagined fine-grained histories, not unlike the familiar ensemble of statistical mechanics. These histories are assigned extended probabilities, which can sometimes be negative or greater than one. As we will show, this construction implies that the real history is not completely accessible to experimental or other observational discovery. However, sufficiently and appropriately coarse-grained sets of alternative histories have standard probabilities providing information about the real fine-grained history that can be compared with observation. We recover the probabilities of decoherent histories quantum mechanics for sets of histories that are recorded and therefore decohere. Quantum mechanics can be viewed as a classical stochastic theory of histories with extended probabilities and a well-defined notion of reality common to all decoherent sets of alternative coarse-grained histories.

Murray Gell-Mann; James B. Hartle

2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Making History : : The Role of History in Contemporary Native American Art  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of reclaimed wool, and its association with the history ofhistory is woven into these blankets, along with the wool,history of community, both through her assistant sewers and through the reclaimed wool

Cluff, Leah Diane

442

Radioactivity and health: A history  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book is designed to be primarily a history of research facts, measurements, and ideas and the people who developed them. ''Research'' is defined very broadly to include from bench-top laboratory experiments to worldwide environmental investigations. The book is not a monograph or a critical review. The findings and conclusions are presented largely as the investigators saw and reported them. Frequently, the discussion utilizes the terminology and units of the time, unless they are truly antiquated or potentially unclear. It is only when the work being reported is markedly iconoclastic or obviously wrong that I chose to make special note of it or to correct it. Nevertheless, except for direct quotations, the language is mine, and I take full responsibility for it. The working materials for this volume included published papers in scientific journals, books, published conferences and symposia, personal interviews with over 100 individuals, some of them more than once (see Appendix A), and particularly for the 1940--1950 decade and for the large government-supported laboratories to the present day, ''in-house'' reports. These reports frequently represent the only comprehensive archive of what was done and why. Unfortunately, this source is drying up because of storage problems and must be retrieved by ever more complex and inconvenient means. For this reason, special efforts have been taken to review and document these sources, though even now some sections of the field are partially inaccessible. Nevertheless, the volume of all materials available for this review was surprisingly large and the quality much better than might have been expected for so complex and disparate a fields approached under conditions of considerable urgency.

Stannard, J.N.; Baalman, R.W. Jr. (ed.)

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

CRSP Transmission Sales Rate History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Updated: 12/20/2013 Updated: 12/20/2013 CRSP Transmission Sales Rate History Rate Schedule Effective Dates Nonfirm (Mills/kWh) Firm ($/kW-yr.) Firm ($/kW-mo.) None Through 3/83 1.000 $ 6.60 $0.55 SP-FT1 4/83 - 6/86 N.A. $10.27 $0.86 SP-NFT1 4/83 - 6/86 2.000 N.A. SP-FT2 7/86 - 6/89 N.A. $15.94 $1.33 SP-NFT2 7/86 - 7/89 3.100 N.A. SP-FT3 7/89 - 9/92 N.A. $21.72 $1.81 SP-NFT3 8/89 - 3/98 Mutually Agreed N.A. SP-FT4 10/92 - 3/98 N.A. $22.68 $1.89 SP-NFT4 4/98 - 3/03 Mutually Agreed N.A. SP-PTP5 4/98 - 3/99 N.A. $26.70 $2.23 4/99 - 3/00 N.A. $26.19 $2.18 4/00 - 3/01 N.A. $26.14 $2.18 4/01 - 3/02 N.A. $25.63 $2.14 4/02 - 9/02 N.A. $21.33 $1.78 SP-NFT5 10/02 - 9/07 Mutually Agreed N.A. 10/07-9/08 Mutually Agreed N.A. SP-PTP6 10/02 - 9/03 N.A. $24.72 $2.06

444

Specifying preferences based on user history  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many applications require users to specify preferences. We support users in this task by letting them define preferences relative to their personal history or that of other users. We implement this idea using a graphical technique called control shadows, ... Keywords: collaborative filtering, history, mobile devices, reuse, visualization

Loren Terveen; Jessica McMackin; Brian Amento; Will Hill

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Atomic power in space: A history  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

''Atomic Power in Space,'' a history of the Space Isotope Power Program of the United States, covers the period from the program's inception in the mid-1950s through 1982. Written in non-technical language, the history is addressed to both the general public and those more specialized in nuclear and space technologies. 19 figs., 3 tabs.

Not Available

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

World History and Energy VACLAV SMIL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

approximately 90% of all commercial primary energy supply, with the rest coming from primary (hydro and nuclearWorld History and Energy VACLAV SMIL University of Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada 1. A Deterministic View of History 2. The Earliest Energy Eras 3. Medieval and Early Modern Advances 4. Transitions

Smil, Vaclav

447

Archives and History Office: Digital Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Resources > Digital Resources Resources > Digital Resources Digital Resources Informal History, Part 1 The Histories page provides publications that examine SLAC history or particular events, experiments, and equipment. Publications are listed in reverse chronological order (i.e. newest listed first). Edward L. Ginzton and the MARK III accelerator at Stanford University as it nears its completion in 1952. Copies of Stanford University Physics Department Project M Reports held by the SLAC Archives and History Office, including those produced by the Microwave Lab, and the High-Energy Physics Lab (HEPL) have been scanned and are now available online. Linac construction site showing curved and straight sections in rain and mud, 1963. Copies of ABA reports held by the SLAC Archives have been scanned and are now available online along with a list of ABA numbered reports relating to the development of the SLAC proposal and known to the SLAC Archives and History Office.

448

A Bayesian Account of Quantum Histories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate whether quantum history theories can be consistent with Bayesian reasoning and whether such an analysis helps clarify the interpretation of such theories. First, we summarise and extend recent work categorising two different approaches to formalising multi-time measurements in quantum theory. The standard approach consists of describing an ordered series of measurements in terms of history propositions with non-additive `probabilities'. The non-standard approach consists of defining multi-time measurements to consist of sets of exclusive and exhaustive history propositions and recovering the single-time exclusivity of results when discussing single-time history propositions. We analyse whether such history propositions can be consistent with Bayes' rule. We show that certain class of histories are given a natural Bayesian interpretation, namely the linearly positive histories originally introduced by Goldstein and Page. Thus we argue that this gives a certain amount of interpretational clarity to the non-standard approach. We also attempt a justification of our analysis using Cox's axioms of probability theory.

Thomas Marlow

2005-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

449

History of the Hanford Site: 1943-1990  

SciTech Connect

This booklet was developed to highlight the national and international historical events that occurred in association with the development of the Hanford Site. The purpose of the booklet is to increase the awareness Hanford Site employees have of the historical significance of the Site's contributions and missions during the Manhattan Project (1943-1946) and Cold War era (1946-1990). By increasing knowledge and understanding of the Site's unique heritage, it is hoped this publication will help generate an appreciation of the Site's historic buildings and structures, and, thus, instill a sense of ''ownership'' in these buildings. One cannot appreciate the historic significance of a place or building without first knowing its story.

D.W. Harvey

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

History of the Hanford Site: 1943-1990  

SciTech Connect

This booklet was developed to highlight the national and international historical events that occurred in association with the development of the Hanford Site. The purpose of the booklet is to increase the awareness Hanford Site employees have of the historical significance of the Site's contributions and missions during the Manhattan Project (1943-1946) and Cold War era (1946-1990). By increasing knowledge and understanding of the Site's unique heritage, it is hoped this publication will help generate an appreciation of the Site's historic buildings and structures, and, thus, instill a sense of ''ownership'' in these buildings. One cannot appreciate the historic significance of a place or building without first knowing its story.

D.W. Harvey

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

History of the DOE Human Genome Program  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

History of the DOE Human Genome Program History of the DOE Human Genome Program The following history is taken from the U.S. Department of Energy 1991-91 Human Genome Program Report (June 1992). This is an archived item. A brief history of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Human Genome Program will be useful in a discussion of the objectives of the DOE program as well as those of the collaborative U.S. Human Genome Project. The Office of Health and Environmental Research (OHER) of DOE and its predecessor agencies--the Atomic Energy Commission and the Energy Research and Development Administration--have long sponsored research into genetics, both in microbial systems and in mammals, including basic studies on genome structure, replication, damage, and repair and the consequences of genetic

452

A History Keeping Debugging System for PLASMA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PLASMA (for PLAnner-like System Modeled on Actors) is a message-passing computer language based on actor semantics. Since every event in the system is the receipt of a message actor by a target actor, a complete history ...

Morrison, Jerry Howard

453

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - SLAC History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SLAC History black and white photo of the first construction of SLAC In 1962, in the rolling hills west of Stanford University, construction began on the longest and straightest...

454

Building 9213s earliest history ? Bill Sergeant  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from Bill Sergeant. Bill's memory is amazing. When I write about the times when Bill was "living the experiences," he often adds valuable content to the history. Such is the case...

455

Building 9213 ? A long and varied history  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

213 - A long and varied history The series on the Training and Technology program at Y-12 has been completed, and I certainly do appreciate all the input received on that historic...

456

NETL: Our History Powers America's Future  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Our History Powers America's Future 100 Year Logo For the last century, NETL has been on a quest to find energy answers. On May 16, 1910, the newly created U.S. Bureau of Mines...

457

Rio Grande Project Power Sales Rate History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Sales Rate History Updated: 1022009 Rate Schedule Effective Dates Energy (MillskWh) Capacity (kW-mo.) Combined (MillskWh) R5-F1 1940 - 1949 3.000 - 8.000 (declining...

458

Collbran Project Power Sales Rate History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Sales Rate History Updated: 1022009 Rate Schedule Effective Dates Energy (MillskWh) Capacity (kW-mo.) Combined (MillskWh) Contract 1262 - 1283 (Firm Only) (Nonfirm...

459

Epistemological Distinctions Between Science and History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article describes epistemological distinctions between science and history. Science investigates models of natural law using repeatable experiments as the ultimate arbiter. In contrast, history investigates past events by considering physical evidence, documentary evidence, and eyewitness testimony. Because questions of natural law are repeatably testable by any audience that exercises due experimental care, models of natural law are inherently more objective and testable with greater certainty than theories of past events.

Michael Courtney; Amy Courtney

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

460

Atomic Power in Space: A History  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

"Atomic Power in Space," a history of the Space Isotope Power Program of the United States, covers the period from the program's inception in the mid-1950s through 1982. Written in non-technical language, the history is addressed to both the general public and those more specialized in nuclear and space technologies. Interplanetary space exploration successes and achievements have been made possible by this technology, for which there is no known substitue.

1987-03-00T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Bayesian Probabilities and the Histories Algebra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We attempt a justification of a generalisation of the consistent histories programme using a notion of probability that is valid for all complete sets of history propositions. This consists of introducing Cox's axioms of probability theory and showing that our candidate notion of probability obeys them. We also give a generalisation of Bayes' theorem and comment upon how Bayesianism should be useful for the quantum gravity/cosmology programmes.

Thomas Marlow

2006-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

462

Restoration and History: The Search for a Usable Environmental Past  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review: Restoration and History: The Search for a UsableEd). Restoration and History: The Search for a Usable87176-1. Restoration and History: The Search for a Usable

Mathoor, Vineeth

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Suspended futures : the Vietnamization of South Vietnamese history and memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Peter. “The Archive. ” History & Memory, Volume 17, NumberFrancis. 1992. The End of History and the Last Man. NewPress. _____. “The End of History? ” The ational Interest. (

Bui, Long Thanh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Outsider Crossings: History, Culture, and Geography of Mexicali's Chinese Community  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B. Cartographic Mexico: A History of State Fixations and1998): 13-14. Ding, Chiang. A History of Straits SettlementsLandscapes as Public History. Cambridge: The MIT Press,

Chang, Jason Oliver

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Jewish Social History in the Nineteenth And Early Twentieth Centuries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fundamental ambivalence of success in modern Jewish history.its Limits. Jewish Social History in the 19th and Early 20thof trend-setting works on the history of the Jews and anti-

Rürup, Reinhard

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History History of the Weatherization Assistance Program to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on AddThis.com...

467

Building Technologies Program: History of Federal Appliance Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History of Federal History of Federal Appliance Standards to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Program: History of Federal Appliance Standards on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Program: History of Federal Appliance Standards on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Program: History of Federal Appliance Standards on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Program: History of Federal Appliance Standards on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Program: History of Federal Appliance Standards on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Program: History of Federal Appliance Standards on AddThis.com... About Standards & Test Procedures Implementation, Certification & Enforcement Rulemakings & Notices Further Guidance ENERGY STARÂź Popular Links

468

Early History of Networks Basis for Modern Communication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HA.1 Internet history and architecture HA.2 PSTN history and architecture HA.3 SCADA networks overview HA.4 Other networks

James P. G. Sterbenz; James P. G. Sterbenz; James P. G. Sterbenz; James P. G. Sterbenz; James P. G. Sterbenz

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Teaching the nation: politics and pedagogy in Australian history.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??There is considerable anxiety about teaching Australian history in schools. In part, such concern reflects the so-called "History Wars", which have been played out in… (more)

Clark, Anna

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

The History of the Problem - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The History of the Problem. [Annotate] .... [an error occurred while processing this directive] Let us return to the history of projective planes. Now that we have a ...

471

Managed Annihilation: An Unnatural History of the Newfoundland Cod Collapse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

History of the Newfoundland Cod Collapse By Dean BavingtonHistory of the Newfoundland Cod Collapse. Vancouver, BC:happened with the Newfoundland cod fisheries collapse, made

Jenkins, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

The history of computing from punched cards to petaflops  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2013 All Issues submit The history of computing from punched cards to petaflops Nuclear weapons drives the history of computing March 25, 2013 Graphic showing computing...

473

The History of Human Bondage and An Instructional Strategy Resource Guide for Teaching History through the Humanities.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis focuses on the history of human bondage through historiography and original research and provides an instructional strategy resource guide for teaching history… (more)

Insalaco, David L.

474

The Life History of a Pond  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History of a Pond History of a Pond Nature Bulletin No. 617 November 12, 1960 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Daniel Ryan, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor David H. Thompson, Senior Naturalist THE LIFE HISTORY OF A POND In the Palos division of the Forest Preserve District there is an extraordinary number of ponds and sloughs Many were created by damming the outlets from wet places; some were originally farm ponds that we have restored. The largest and probably oldest pond is located in Swallow Cliff Woods, west of the picnic area in a grove of white pines planted about 40 years ago. The pond is dying. Like most others, if undisturbed, after fifty years or so it will be forgotten because in its place there will be trees willows, cottonwoods, soft maples, and probably swamp white and bur oaks. Indeed, at one time it had already filled up until, after being drained by tile, corn was grown there.

475

History and Impacts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appliance & Equipment Standards » About » History and Impacts Appliance & Equipment Standards » About » History and Impacts History and Impacts Appliance and equipment efficiency standards have served as one of the nation's most effective policies for improving energy efficiency. The first standards were enacted at the state level in California in 1974. At the national level, the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) was enacted in 1975, and established a federal program consisting of test procedures, labeling, and energy targets for consumer products. EPCA was amended in 1979 and directed the Department of Energy (DOE) to establish energy conservation standards for consumer products. The National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987 established minimum efficiency standards for many common household appliances. Congress set

476

SPEAR History | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource  

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SPEAR History SPEAR History Experimental Facilities : The SPEAR Storage Ring Stanford University has a long history of involvement in the development and use of colliding-beam storage rings for particle physics research. The first such machine at Stanford was a small electron-electron collider, shaped like a figure eight, located on the main campus. A collaborative effort between physicists from Princeton and Stanford Universities, this project produced the first physics results ever obtained with the colliding-beam technique. Stanford Positron Electron Accelerating Ring The next in the succession of Stanford colliders was the SPEAR (Stanford Positron Electron Accelerating Ring) machine at SLAC, completed in 1972. SPEAR consists of a single ring some 80 meters in diameter, in which counter-rotating beams of electrons

477

Environmental Justice History | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Justice History Justice History Environmental Justice History The exact start of the environmental justice movement in America is not clear. Local groups have complained about unwanted land uses for decades. Prior to the early eighties, these local protests were considered isolated and protesting communities were complaining by themselves and not associated with others similarly situated in other communities. This isolated protesting all changed in the early 1980's and the environmental justice movement became a national social and racial protest that galvanized communities across the country seeking social justice and environmental protection. The initial environmental justice spark sprang from a Warren County, North Carolina, protest. In 1982, a small, predominately African-American community was designated to host a hazardous

478

History of Research Reactors at Brookhaven  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History of Research Reactors at Brookhaven History of Research Reactors at Brookhaven Brookhaven National Laboratory has three nuclear reactors on its site that were used for scientific research. The reactors are all shut down, and the Laboratory is addressing environmental issues associated with their operations. photo of BGRR Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor - Beginning operations in 1950, the graphite reactor was used for research in medicine, biology, chemistry, physics and nuclear engineering. One of the most significant achievements at this facility was the development of technetium-99m, a radiopharmaceutical widely used to image almost any organ in the body. The graphite reactor was shut down in 1969. Parts of it have been decommissioned, with the remainder to be addressed by 2011. More history

479

Operating Oak Ridge's "Calutrons"  

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Operating Oak Ridge's "Calutrons" The following Oral History is taken from The Manhattan Project - The Birth of the Atomic Bomb in the Words of Its Creators, Eyewitnesses, and...

480

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Chupadera_FUSRAP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sites where radioactive contamination remained from Manhattan Project and early U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) operations. History-The Chupadera Mesa Site is privately...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Inside the Museum  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the Museum's three galleries: History, Defense, and Research. Exhibits explore the Manhattan Project, the Lab's work on national nuclear defense, and the Laboratory's...

482

Los Alamos National Laboratory's Bradbury Science Museum takes...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Museum building Some 40 interactive exhibits trace the history of the WWII Manhattan Project, highlight Los Alamos Laboratory's current and historic research...

483

EML: Environmental Measurements Laboratory  

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Security and Privacy Notices History of the Environmental Measurements Laboratory The Manhattan ProjectAtomic Energy Commission (1942 1975) Our Laboratory traces its roots...

484

Nobel Prize in Physics 1927  

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of the "Met Lab": Health Physics Society: Figures in Radiation History Children of the Manhattan Project: Compton St. Louis (Missouri) Walk of Fame Compton Effect: Definition,...

485

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Beverly_FUSRAP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

was established in 1974 to remediate sites where radioactive contamination remained from Manhattan Project and early U.S. Atomic Energy Commission operations. History-From 1942 to...

486

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Madison_FUSRAP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

was established in 1974 to remediate sites where radioactive contamination remained from Manhattan Project and early U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) operations. History-During...

487

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Indianorchard_FUSRAP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

was established in 1974 to remediate sites where radioactive contamination remained from Manhattan Project and early U.S. Atomic Energy Commission operations. History-The Indian...

488

Contact Us | Y-12 National Security Complex  

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Center Informational Materials Historical Highlights From Our Historian Historical Media Manhattan Project Resources Oral Histories Photo Gallery Video Gallery Related Links...

489

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Wayne_FUSRAP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

was established in 1974 to remediate sites where radioactive contamination remained from Manhattan Project and early U.S. Atomic Energy Commission operations. History-Rare Earths,...

490

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Article Commemorating Black History: Contributions of African Americans to the Manhattan Project The Department of Energy (DOE) commissioned an exhibit documenting the...

491

Slide08 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

For the past several years, organizations such as OSTI, noting that survivors of the Manhattan Project are passing away, have collected oral histories to preserve those unique...

492

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Bayo_FUSRAP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

was established in 1974 to remediate sites where radioactive contamination remained from Manhattan Project and early U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) operations. History-The...

493

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Niagara VP_FUSRAP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

was established in 1974 to remediate sites where radioactive contamination remained from Manhattan Project and early U.S. Atomic Energy Commission operations. History-Niagara...

494

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Buffalo_FUSRAP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

was established in 1974 to remediate sites where radioactive contamination remained from Manhattan Project and early U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) operations. History-In...

495

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- ChicNorth_FUSRAP  

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was established in 1974 to remediate sites where radioactive contamination remained from Manhattan Project and early U.S. Atomic Energy Commission operations. History-The Chicago...

496

Bradbury Science Museum  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History Gallery. Visitors go on to explore the Laboratory's beginnings during the Manhattan Project through interactives, films, and historic artifacts. Contact Museum...

497

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- NewYork_FUSRAP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

was established in 1974 to remediate sites where radioactive contamination remained from Manhattan Project and early U.S. Atomic Energy Commission operations. History-The New York...

498

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Berkeley_FUSRAP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

was established in 1974 to remediate sites where radioactive contamination remained from Manhattan Project and early U.S. Atomic Energy Commission operations. History-Gilman Hall...

499

History of German Language Dermatology (Geschichte der deutschschprachigen Dermatologie)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vargas School of Medicine, Central University of Venezuela,Caracas, Venezuela History of German Language Dermatology (

Goihman-Yahr, Mauricio

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

A case history comparing noise criteria.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A case history of an indoor HVAC noise problem in a new residential building will be presented. Noise measurements collected in the living room and in the bedroom of the impacted living unit will be examined using several of the available noise criteria methods including

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z