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1

DOE History Timeline | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Timeline Timeline DOE History Timeline DOE History Timeline The Department of Energy is one of the most interesting and diverse agencies in the Federal Government. Activated on October 1, 1977, the twelfth cabinet-level department brought together for the first time within one agency two programmatic traditions that had long coexisted within the Federal establishment: 1) defense responsibilities that included the design, construction, and testing of nuclear weapons dating from the Manhattan Project effort to build the atomic bomb during World War II; and 2) a loosely knit amalgamation of energy-related programs scattered throughout the Federal Government. The intent of the DOE History Timeline is to provide the public with easy access to accurate information about the history of DOE and its predecessor

2

The Manhattan Project National Security History Series  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Manhattan Project National Security History Series 5 Visit our Manhattan Project web site: http://www.cfo.doe.gov/me70/manhattan/index.htm 5 DOE/MA-0002 Revised F. G. Gosling Office of History and Heritage Resources Executive Secretariat Office of Management Department of Energy January 2010 The Manhattan Project National Security History Series 5 National Security History Series Volume I: The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb Volume II: Building the Nuclear Arsenal: Cold War Nuclear Weapons Development and Production, 1946-1989 (in progress) Volume III: Nonproliferation and Stockpile Stewardship: The Nuclear Weapons Complex in the Post-Cold War World (projected) The National Security History Series is a joint project of the Office

3

The Manhattan Project: An Interactive History  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer In a national survey at the turn of the millennium, both journalists and the public ranked the dropping of the atomic bomb and the end of the Second World War as the top news stories of the twentieth-century. The advent of nuclear weapons, made possible by the Manhattan Project, not only helped bring an end to the Second World War-it ushered in the atomic age and determined how the next war, the Cold War, would be fought. The Manhattan Project: An Interactive History is intended to provide a comprehensive overview of the Manhattan Project. Five main topical areas-Events, People, Places, Processes, and Science-are further divided into sub-sections, each with an introductory page and as many as a dozen or more sub-pages. The site is interactive in the sense that it is designed with the flexibility to meet the needs of a variety of users. Those seeking a brief overview of the Manhattan Project, for example, should start with the introductory pages for the eight sub-sections of the Events Section. Users wanting a more in-depth chronological history should read, in order, the fifty-six Events sub-pages. Numerous internal links within the content of the pages allows the reader to easily move from page to page, wherever his or her interests lead. There are thus multiple ways for the user to approach the site. In addition, the Resources Section provides access to a variety of resource materials, including photos, documents, maps, and published histories.

4

President Roosevelt Establishes Manhattan Project | National Nuclear  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Establishes Manhattan Project | National Nuclear Establishes Manhattan Project | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > President Roosevelt Establishes Manhattan Project President Roosevelt Establishes Manhattan Project June 17, 1942 Washington, DC President Roosevelt Establishes Manhattan Project

5

Manhattan Project buildings and facilities at the Hanford Site: A construction history  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document thoroughly examines the role that the Hanford Engineer Works played in the Manhattan project. The historical aspects of the buildings and facilities are characterized. An in depth look at the facilities, including their functions, methods of fabrication and appearance is given for the 100 AREAS, 200 AREAS, 300 AREAS, 500, 800 and 900 AREAS, 600 AREA, 700 AREA, 1100 AREA and temporary construction structures.

Gerber, M.S.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Manhattan Project: Library  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

LIBRARY LIBRARY Resources A number of government publications relating to the Manhattan Project are available either as web pages or as .pdf documents. Cover of the Manhattan Project publication Department of Energy Publications Fehner and Gosling, Origins of the Nevada Test Site Fehner and Gosling, Battlefield of the Cold War: The Nevada Test Site Gosling, Manhattan Project, 1999 Gosling, Manhattan Project, 2010 Harnessed Atom United States Nuclear Tests, 1945-1992 Wahlen, History of 100-B Area Los Alamos National Laboratory Publications Bainbridge, Trinity Fakley, "The British Mission" Hawkins, MDH: Project Y, Vol. 1 Los Alamos: Beginning of an Era, 1943-1945 Malik, Yields of Hiroshima and Nagasaki "Oppenheimer Years" Serber, Los Alamos Primer Truslow, MDH: Project Y, Vol. 2

7

Manhattan Project: People Images  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

PEOPLE IMAGES PEOPLE IMAGES Resources > Photo Gallery Scroll down to see each of these images individually. The images are: 1. J. Robert Oppenheimer, Enrico Fermi, and Ernest Lawrence (courtesy the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory); 2. Hanford, Washington, workers sending money home (reproduced from the photo insert in F. G. Gosling, The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb (Washington: History Division, Department of Energy, October 2001)); 3. Oppenheimer and Leslie Groves at the Trinity Site, September 1945 (reproduced from the cover of the Office of History and Heritage Resources publication: The Signature Facilities of the Manhattan Project (Washington: History Division, Department of Energy, 2001)); 4. A WAC detachment marching at Oak Ridge, Tennessee, June 1945 (courtesy the Army Corps of Engineers; it is reprinted in Rachel Fermi and Esther Samra, Picturing the Bomb: Photographs from the Secret World of the Manhattan Project (New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., Publishers, 1995), 40);

8

Manhattan Project: Suggested Readings  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SUGGESTED READINGS SUGGESTED READINGS Resources > Readings The literature on the Manhattan Project is extensive. The purpose of this web page is not to catalogue it, but only to suggest a very select few places to start. For more exhaustive lists of secondary works relating to the early history of nuclear energy, consult the bibliographies of the books listed below. Suggested Surveys of the Manhattan Project Gosling, F. G. The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb. DOE/MA-0001; Washington: History Division, Department of Energy, January 1999. An overview history by the Chief Historian of the Department of Energy and the basis for most of the "Events" in this web site. The best short survey for the general reader. Revised with additional photographs in January 2010 as DOE/MA-0002 Revised and available in .pdf format.

9

ITM Timeline  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The TNA Timeline lists the completion dates when for the deliverables for the integrated training management components to include the TNA, the annual training plan and the annual training summary report.

10

Franklin Timeline  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Timeline Timeline Franklin Timeline This page records a brief timeline of significant events and user environment changes on Franklin. Franklin compute nodes have been upgraded from dual core to quad core from July to October 2008. Apr 30, 2012 Franklin is retired. Apr 5, 19, 27, 2012 Reminder announcements on Franklin retirement schedule. -- Thurs Apr 26, 23:59: Batch system is drained, batch queues are stopped (no jobs will be running at this point) -- Mon Apr 30: Last day to retrieve files from Franklin scratch file systems -- Mon Apr 30, 23:59: User logins are disabled Mar 6, 2012 Announcement on Franklin retirement date set: 04/30/2012. Feb 22, 2012 HW and SW maintenance. Set to default versions: pgi/11.10.0 and xt-mpt/5.3.5. Feb 21, 2012 Update on Franklin earliest retirement date: 4/30/2012.

11

Manhattan Project: The Manhattan Project and the Second World War,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Oak Ridgers celebrate V-J Day THE MANHATTAN PROJECT AND THE SECOND WORLD WAR Oak Ridgers celebrate V-J Day THE MANHATTAN PROJECT AND THE SECOND WORLD WAR (1939-1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the surrender of Japan were the last acts of the Second World War. The most destructive weapon in the history of combat had helped bring an end to the most destructive conflict in human history.

12

Timeline of Events: 2011 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE History Timeline » DOE History Timeline » Timeline of Events: 2011 Timeline of Events: 2011 June 13, 2011: Building the 21st Century Grid The White House announces new public- and private-sector initiatives designed to accelerate the modernization of the Nation's electric infrastructure, bolster electric-grid innovation. Read more February 3, 2011: Obama and Chu at Penn State President Obama and Secretary Chu tour the Energy Innovation Hub at the Engineering Labs at Penn State University, and the President announces the Better Buildings Initiative. Read more October 25, 2011: Last B53 nuclear bomb dismantled The Department's Pantex Plant outside Amarillo, Texas, celebrates the dismantlement of the last B53 nuclear bomb. Read more Return to Timeline of Events: 2010 Continue to Timeline of Events: 2012

13

Timeline | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Visiting PPPL Visiting PPPL History Timeline Fusion Basics DOE and Fusion Links Contract Documents Speakers Bureau Tours News Events Research Education Organization Contact Us Overview Learn More Visiting PPPL History Timeline Fusion Basics DOE and Fusion Links Contract Documents Speakers Bureau Tours Timeline 1951 In March, Lyman Spitzer, Jr. proposes to the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) the construction of a magnetic plasma device to study controlled fusion. On July 1, the AEC approves funding. The research effort becomes part of Project Matterhorn, a classified project studying the hydrogen bomb. Spitzer heads the controlled thermonuclear research section. A former rabbit hutch becomes the initial home for the Project. 1953 Princeton's first research device is the Model A stellarator. Experiments

14

NNSA Timeline | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Timeline | National Nuclear Security Administration Timeline | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog NNSA Timeline Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline NNSA Timeline The NNSA was established by Congress in 2000 as a separately organized agency within the U.S. Department of Energy, responsible for the management and security of the nation's nuclear weapons, nuclear nonproliferation,

15

Timeline of Events: 2009 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Operational Management » History » DOE History Timeline » Operational Management » History » DOE History Timeline » Timeline of Events: 2009 Timeline of Events: 2009 February 5, 2009: Obama visits DoE Headquarters President Obama visits DOE's headquarters at the Forrestal building and in remarks to DOE employees discusses energy and the need for swift passage of the economic recovery plan. Read more January 16, 2009: Expansion of Spallation Neutron Source The Department gives its initial approval to begin plans for the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to build a second target station for the Spallation Neutron Source, expanding what is already the world's most powerful pulsed neutron scattering facility. Read more March 23, 2009: Chu at Brookhaven Secretary Chu, during a visit to DOE's Brookhaven National Laboratory,

16

The Manhattan Project -- Its Story  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Project -- Its Story Project -- Its Story Establishment · Operations · Immediate Influences · Long-term Influences · Other Info More About the Manhattan Project atom image Courtesy Argonne National Laboratory The Manhattan Project -- Its Background This year is the 70th anniversary of the establishment of the Manhattan Project, a predecessor of the U.S. Department of Energy. To honor its impacts on science and history, various aspects of its background, establishment, operations, and immediate and long-term influences will be revisited. It started during the fall of 1939, when President F. D. Roosevelt was made aware of the possibility that German scientists were racing to build an atomic bomb and was warned that Hitler would be more than willing to resort to such a weapon. As a result, Roosevelt set up the Advisory Committee on Uranium, consisting of both civilian and military representatives, to study the current state of research on uranium and to recommend an appropriate role for the federal government. The result was limited military funding for isotope separation and the work on chain reactions by Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard at Columbia University.

17

Manhattan Project: Tech Area Gallery  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SMALL) SMALL) Los Alamos: The Laboratory Resources > Photo Gallery All of the photographs below are of the "Tech Area" at Los Alamos during or shortly after the wartime years. If you have a fast internet connection, you may wish to click here for a photo gallery with larger versions of the same images. There is a map of the Tech Area at the top and again at the bottom. The first image below is courtesy the Los Alamos National Laboratory. All of the other photographs are reproduced from Edith C. Truslow, with Kasha V. Thayer, ed., Manhattan Engineer District: Nonscientific Aspects of Los Alamos Project Y, 1942 through 1946 (Los Alamos, NM: Manhattan Engineer District, ca. 1946; first printed by Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory as LA-5200, March 1973; reprinted in 1997 by the Los Alamos Historical Society). This is a reprint of an unpublished volume originally written in 1946 by 2nd Lieutenant Edith C. Truslow, a member of the Women's Army Corps, as a contribution to the Manhattan Engineer District History.

18

Manhattan Project: Tech Area Gallery  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

TECH AREA GALLERY (LARGE) TECH AREA GALLERY (LARGE) Los Alamos: The Laboratory Resources > Photo Gallery All of the photographs below are of the "Tech Area" at Los Alamos during or shortly after the wartime years. If this page is taking a long time to load, click here for a photo gallery with smaller versions of the same images. There is a map of the Tech Area at the top and again at the bottom. The first image below is courtesy the Los Alamos National Laboratory. All of the other photographs are reproduced from Edith C. Truslow, with Kasha V. Thayer, ed., Manhattan Engineer District: Nonscientific Aspects of Los Alamos Project Y, 1942 through 1946 (Los Alamos, NM: Manhattan Engineer District, ca. 1946; first printed by Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory as LA-5200, March 1973; reprinted in 1997 by the Los Alamos Historical Society). This is a reprint of an unpublished volume originally written in 1946 by 2nd Lieutenant Edith C. Truslow, a member of the Women's Army Corps, as a contribution to the Manhattan Engineer District History.

19

Timelines | Critical Materials Institute  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of interest to rare earths and critical materials, organized by those specific to rare earth elements, general chemistry and uses. Timelines of rare earth discovery: Discovery and...

20

Manhattan Project: Maps  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

MAPS MAPS Resources Scroll down to view thumbnails of each map. Leslie Groves looks at a map of Japan. Manhattan Project: General Manhattan Project Facilities Places map "Signature Facilities of the MED" map Hanford Hanford map Hanford (black and white) map Hanford Site Diagram Hanford Site Location Map Hanford: Native Peoples map Hanford: Town map Los Alamos Map of Los Alamos, New Mexico Los Alamos: "Tech Area" map Oak Ridge Map of Clinton Engineer Works, Oak Ridge Clinton Engineer Works, Oak Ridge (black and white) map Oak Ridge: Projected Site for Atomic Production Plants, 1942, map Other Flight paths for Hiroshima and Nagasaki missions map Map of the Trinity Test Site Post-War U.S. Nuclear Tests map Manhattan Project Facilities Manhattan Project Facilities

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

The Manhattan Project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Project Project Sites and Their Contributions · Key Events · Scientists · Its Story · Additional Information · Related Information President Roosevelt Establishes the Manhattan Project President Roosevelt instructs the Army to take responsibility for construction of atomic weapons complex. The Army delegates the task to the Corps of Engineers, which establishes the Manhattan Engineer District. Courtesy of National Nuclear Security Administration The 70th anniversary of the establishment of the Manhattan Project on August 13, 1942, is celebrated this year. The Manhattan Project played an essential role in bringing World War II to an end through the building of the atomic bomb. This major achievement was possible because the U.S. government conducted a massive, secret, nationwide enterprise that took science from the laboratory and into combat with an entirely new type of weapon.

22

Manhattan Project Resources | Y-12 National Security Complex  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Manhattan Project Resources Manhattan Project Resources Manhattan Project Resources Building 9731 was the first building completed at Y-12 and was the "Pilot Plant" for the Calutron electromagnetic separation of uranium. The Manhattan Project web pages are designed to disseminate information and documentation on the Manhattan Project to a broad audience including scholars, students, and the general public. These web pages are a joint collaboration between DOE's Office of Classification and Office of History and Heritage Resources. The Y-12 History Center is proud to recommend them highly as they contain very helpful information. The site brings together an enormous amount of material, much of it never before released. An example of the key resource information provided is the update and

23

Manhattan Project: Places  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Places Places "Met Lab" (Metallurgical Laboratory) Oak Ridge: Clinton Engineer Works Hanford Engineer Works Los Alamos Other Places Places of the Manhattan Project Places PLEASE NOTE: The Places pages are not yet available. Links to the pages listed below and to the left will be activated as content is developed. Select topics relating to the places where the Manhattan Project occurred have been grouped into the categories listed to the left. A quick overview of places involved in the Manhattan Project can be obtained by reading the summary pages for each of the categories, located in the left navigation bar. Each summary page also has a listing of all the subtopics included within that category. For a complete menu of all place pages, see the comprehensive list of topics below.

24

Manhattan Project: Fuller Lodge  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

FULLER LODGE FULLER LODGE Los Alamos Boys Ranch School and Los Alamos (The Town) Resources > Photo Gallery Fuller Lodge Fuller Lodge was one of the main structures of the Los Alamos Boys Ranch School, serving as its headquarters in its later years. It was converted into a mess hall and guest quarters during the Manhattan Project. In the photograph above, part of the guest house is visible in the distance to the right. The photograph above is courtesy the Los Alamos National Laboratory. It is also reproduced in Edith C. Truslow, with Kasha V. Thayer, ed., Manhattan Engineer District: Nonscientific Aspects of Los Alamos Project Y, 1942 through 1946 (Los Alamos, NM: Manhattan Engineer District, ca. 1946; first printed by Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory as LA-5200, March 1973; reprinted in 1997 by the Los Alamos Historical Society), 57. The additional photographs below are:

25

Manhattan Project: Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Science Science In the Laboratory Particle Accelerators and Other Technologies The Atom and Atomic Structure Nuclear Physics Bomb Design and Components Radioactivity Science and technology of the Manhattan Project Science PLEASE NOTE: The Science pages are not yet available. Links to the pages listed below and to the left will be activated as content is developed. Select topics relating to the science and technology of the Manhattan Project have been grouped into the categories listed to the left. A quick overview of scientific topics useful for understanding the Manhattan Project can be obtained by reading the summary pages for each of the categories, located in the left navigation bar. Each summary page also has a listing of all the subtopics included within that category. For a complete menu of all science pages, see the comprehensive list of topics below.

26

MANHATTAN PROJECT | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MANHATTAN PROJECT MANHATTAN PROJECT MANHATTAN PROJECT MANHATTAN PROJECT The Department of Energy traces its origins to World War II and the Manhattan Project effort to build the first atomic bomb. As the direct descendent of the Manhattan Engineer District, the organization set up by the Army Corps of Engineers to develop and build the bomb, the Department continues to own and manage the Federal properties at most of the major Manhattan Project sites, including Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Hanford, Washington; and Los Alamos, New Mexico. In a national survey at the turn of the millennium, both journalists and the public ranked the dropping of the atomic bomb and the end of the Second World War as the top news stories of the twentieth-century. The Manhattan Project is the story of some of the most renowned scientists of the century

27

MANHATTAN PROJECT NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Department, as the direct descendent of the Manhattan Engineer District, owns and manages the Federal properties at most of the major Manhattan Project sites, including Oak Ridge, Tennessee;...

28

Manhattan Project: People  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

People People Administrators Scientists Civilian Organizations Military Organizations Non-Technical Personnel J. Robert Oppenheimer, Enrico Fermi, and Ernest Lawrence People PLEASE NOTE: The People pages are not yet available. Links to the pages listed below and to the left will be activated as content is developed. Select people and organizations of the Manhattan Project have been grouped into the categories listed to the left. A quick overview of the groups of people contributing to the success of the Manhattan Project can be obtained by reading the summary pages for each of the categories, located in the left navigation bar. Each summary page also has a listing of all the people included in that category. For a complete menu of all people pages, see the comprehensive list of people below.

29

Manhattan Project: Processes  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Processes Processes Uranium Mining, Milling, and Refining Uranium Isotope Separation Plutonium Production Bomb Design, Development, and Production Bomb Testing and Weapon Effects Processes PLEASE NOTE: The Processes pages are not yet available. Links to the pages listed below and to the left will be activated as content is developed. Select topics relating to the industrial processes of the Manhattan Project have been grouped into the categories listed to the left. A quick overview of processes involved in the mission of the Manhattan Project can be obtained by reading the summary pages for each of the categories, located in the left navigation bar. Each summary page also has a listing of all the subtopics included within that category. For a complete menu of all process pages, see the comprehensive list of topics below.

30

Manhattan Project: Events  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Time Periods Time Periods 1890s-1939: Atomic Discoveries 1939-1942: Early Government Support 1942: Difficult Choices 1942-1944: The Uranium Path to the Bomb 1942-1944: The Plutonium Path to the Bomb 1942-1945: Bringing It All Together 1945: Dawn of the Atomic Era 1945-present: Postscript -- The Nuclear Age Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard Events The events of the Manhattan Project have been grouped under the time periods listed to the left. A quick overview of the Manhattan Project can be obtained by reading the summaries on each of the eight "Time Periods" pages, located in the left navigation bar. Each summary page also has a listing of the events pages for that particular time period. For a complete menu of all events pages, see the comprehensive list of events below.

31

Integrating Timeliner and autonomous planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Timeliner is used to automate tasks in a target system. Timeliner is capable of automating complex sequences of actions, but the desired actions must be planned out and understood in advance by human script-writers. This ...

Swanton, Daniel Reed

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Atomic Bombs, Winning the War and Women in Pants: Voices of the Manhattan  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Atomic Bombs, Winning the War and Women in Pants: Voices of the Atomic Bombs, Winning the War and Women in Pants: Voices of the Manhattan Project Speak of the Nation's History Atomic Bombs, Winning the War and Women in Pants: Voices of the Manhattan Project Speak of the Nation's History November 28, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Manhattan Project veteran Ralph Gates (far right) celebrates Christmas in 1945. Gates contributed to the Voices of the Manhattan Project, a storytelling project launched by the Atomic Heritage Foundation and Los Alamos Historical Society. Manhattan Project veteran Ralph Gates (far right) celebrates Christmas in 1945. Gates contributed to the Voices of the Manhattan Project, a storytelling project launched by the Atomic Heritage Foundation and Los Alamos Historical Society. WASHINGTON, D.C. - A year out of high school in 1944, Nashville native

33

Manhattan Project: A Note on Sources  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

A NOTE ON SOURCES A NOTE ON SOURCES Resources > Note on Sources The text for this web site is a combination of original material and adaptations from previous publications of the Department of Energy (including contractors), its predecessor agencies (primarily the Atomic Energy Commission and the Manhattan Engineer District), and other government agencies. Adaptations run the gamut from summaries to close paraphrases to text being taken directly. This material was gathered and adapted for use by the DOE's Office of History and Heritage Resources. For detailed notes on what sources were used for any particular page, see the footnote at the bottom of the page or its entry in Sources and Notes. For a discussion of the best general sources on the Manhattan Project, see the Suggested Readings.

34

Rail Planning Timeline  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Planning Timeline: By Responsible Party Planning Timeline: By Responsible Party Rev. 4.0, November 2006 Timeframe Offeror/Agent FRA Railroad(s) Other Post Shipment * DOE conducts Lessons Learned Review. During Shipment(s) * The offeror (shipper) will ensure that the appropriate FRA point of contact is notified of any changes 1 in the transportation schedule upon confirmation of the change (modification of SCOP OI-4). * DOE will notify the state Governors or designees and designated tribal points of contact by telephone in the event of schedule changes greater than six hours (DOE Manual 8.2.1). * In the event of a substantial unanticipated delay en route (e.g., greater than 2 hours), the affected states and tribes will be notified of the event by TRANSCOM. 2 TRANSCOM will notify the affected states and tribes

35

House Retirement Timeline  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

House Retirement House Retirement Timeline House is retiring December 20,2013 Fix your pipelines, move data and get help now! /house is POWERED OFF. 12/20/2013 Questions? Contact Kjiersten & Doug; consult@nersc.gov Office hours: MWThF 10:00-12:00 400-413 The link to /house will be permanently changed; all pipelines that have not removed /house dependencies will break. 11/15/2013 Your actions: Find anything that is still broken and let the developers know. Check houseHunter Continue data migration. We DO NOT GUARANTEE that you will be able to get data off /house after this date. 12/1/2013 Your action: Contact your group lead if you still need data /jgi/tools will no longer be in the default path 10/1/2013 Timeline & Important Dates The link to /house will be temporarily

36

Manhattan Project: Site Map  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SITE MAP SITE MAP Resources > Site Map THE MANHATTAN PROJECT Events 1890s-1939: Atomic Discoveries A Miniature Solar System, 1890s-1919 Exploring the Atom, 1919-1932 Atomic Bombardment, 1932-1938 The Discovery of Fission, 1938-1939 Fission Comes to America, 1939 1939-1942: Early Government Support Einstein's Letter, 1939 Early Uranium Research, 1939-1941 Piles and Plutonium, 1939-1941 Reorganization and Acceleration, 1940-1941 The MAUD Report, 1941 A Tentative Decision to Build the Bomb, 1941-1942 1942: Difficult Choices More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 1942-1944: The Uranium Path to the Bomb Y-12: Design, 1942-1943 Y-12: Construction, 1943

37

Manhattan Project: Image Retouching`  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Image Retouching Image Retouching Resources > Photo Gallery Smyth Report (original) Smyth Report (retouched) Images on this web site have sometimes been "retouched." In every case, however, the intention has been only to restore the image as much as possible to its original condition. Above is a rather extreme example-"before and after" versions of the cover of the Smyth Report (Henry DeWolf Smyth, Atomic Energy for Military Purposes: The Official Report on the Development of the Atomic Bomb under the Auspices of the United States Government, 1940-1945 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1945)). The Smyth Report was commissioned by Leslie Groves and originally issued by the Manhattan Engineer District. Princeton University Press reprinted it in book form as a "public service" with "reproduction in whole or in part authorized and permitted.") Larger versions of the same images are below.

38

Manhattan Project: Informing the Public, August 1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

The Smyth Report, August 1945. INFORMING THE PUBLIC The Smyth Report, August 1945. INFORMING THE PUBLIC (August 1945) Events > Postscript -- The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present The atomic bombing of Japan in early August 1945 suddenly thrust the Manhattan Project into the center of the public eye. What formerly had been privy to a select few now became the object of intense public curiosity and scrutiny. Manhattan Project officials, however, had no intent to release what they viewed as essential military secrets. To both allay inordinate inquisitiveness and satisfy the legitimate public need to know, officials in early 1944 began a carefully designed public relations program in anticipation of when they would have to announce the news to the world. They perceived that, from the standpoint of security, the release of some selected information would make it easier to maintain the secrecy of the highly classified aspects of the project. The public relations program had two parts: preparation of a series of public releases and preparation of an administrative and scientific history of the project.

39

Manhattan Project: Espionage and the Manhattan Project, 1940-1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Klaus Fuchs's Los Alamos security badge photo ESPIONAGE AND THE MANHATTAN PROJECT Klaus Fuchs's Los Alamos security badge photo ESPIONAGE AND THE MANHATTAN PROJECT (1940-1945) Events > Bringing It All Together, 1942-1945 Establishing Los Alamos, 1942-1943 Early Bomb Design, 1943-1944 Basic Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944 Implosion Becomes a Necessity, 1944 Oak Ridge and Hanford Come Through, 1944-1945 Final Bomb Design, 1944-1945 Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945 Espionage and the Manhattan Project, 1940-1945 Security was a way of life for the Manhattan Project. The goal was to keep the entire atomic bomb program secret from Germany and Japan. In this, Manhattan Project security officials succeeded. They also sought, however, to keep word of the atomic bomb from reaching the Soviet Union. Although an ally of Britain and the United States in the war against Germany, the Soviet Union remained a repressive dictatorship and a potential future enemy. Here, security officials were less successful. Soviet spies penetrated the Manhattan Project at Los Alamos and several other locations, sending back to Russia critical information that helped speed the development of the Soviet bomb.

40

Manhattan Project Signature Facilities | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Manhattan Manhattan Project Signature Facilities Manhattan Project Signature Facilities Manhattan Project Signature Facilities The Department of Energy, in the mid-1990s, developed a list of eight Manhattan Project properties that were designated as "Signature Facilities." These properties, taken together, provided the essential core for successfully interpreting for the American public the Manhattan Project mission of developing an atomic bomb. The Department's goal was to move foward in preserving and interpreting these properties by integrating departmental headquarters and field activities and joining in a working partnership with all interested outside entities, organizations, and individuals, including Congress, state and local governments, the Department's contractors, and various other stakeholders.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

ASSITEJ/USA Timeline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An outline history of the US chapter of ASSITEJ (International Association of Theatre for Young Audiences) from 1930 to 2005.

Klein, Jeanne

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Manhattan Project: The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

(Unofficial) MED emblem, 1946 THE MANHATTAN ENGINEER DISTRICT (Unofficial) MED emblem, 1946 THE MANHATTAN ENGINEER DISTRICT (1945-1946) Events > Postscript -- The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present With the end of the Second World War, American policymakers anticipated that the Manhattan Project's infrastructure would be turned over to and managed by a largely civilian commission. General Leslie Groves initially thought this would happen soon after the ending of hostilities. His strategy for interim management of the complex was thus one of "hold the line," where he sought to maintain the essential soundness of the physical plant and the personnel that ran it, complete ongoing construction, and promote efficiency and economy. One of his first decisions was to close down marginal operations such as the S-50 Thermal Diffusion Plant in the K-25 area and the Alpha racetracks of the Y-12 electromagnetic separations plant at Oak Ridge. His most serious short-term problem was in retaining personnel, particularly at Los Alamos where many scientists and technicians were eager to return to civilian pursuits.

43

SunShot Initiative: Solar Innovation Timeline  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Information Resources Information Resources Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to SunShot Initiative: Solar Innovation Timeline to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Solar Innovation Timeline on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Solar Innovation Timeline on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Solar Innovation Timeline on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Solar Innovation Timeline on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Solar Innovation Timeline on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Solar Innovation Timeline on AddThis.com... Publications Newsletter Resource Center Multimedia Meetings & Workshops Solar Innovation Timeline Solar Career Map Glossary Solar Innovation Timeline This timeline features the key innovations that have advanced the solar

44

Manhattan Project: Science Images  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SCIENCE IMAGES SCIENCE IMAGES Resources > Photo Gallery Scroll down to see each of these images individually. The images are: 1. Fission (this graphic is adapted from a graphic originally produced by the Washington State Department of Health; the modifications are original to the History Division, now Office of History and Heritage Resources, 2003); 2. Fat Man (plutonium bomb), August 1945 (courtesy the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (via theNational Archives)); 3. F Reactor Plutonium Production Complex Hanford, Washington, 1945; 4. A Cockroft-Walton machine at Los Alamos, New Mexico (courtesy the Los Alamos National Laboratory; it is reprinted in John F. Hogerton, ed., "Cockroft-Walton Machine," The Atomic Energy Deskbook (New York: Reinhold Publishing Corporation, 1963, prepared under the auspices of the Division of Technical Information, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission), 102);

45

Manhattan Project: How to Navigate this Site  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

HOW TO NAVIGATE THIS SITE HOW TO NAVIGATE THIS SITE Resources > Navigation There are five main topical areas on this web site: Events, People, Places, Processes, and Science. These are further divided into sub-sections, each with its own introduction. The main topical areas can be accessed by clicking on a button on the horizontal bar above. Sub-sections can be accessed by clicking on a topic in the vertical column to your left. If you would like to begin with a quick survey of the Manhattan Project, try reading, in order, the eight Event sub-section pages, beginning with Atomic Discoveries, 1890s-1939. In addition to the main topical areas, the Resources section on the above button bar provides access to a variety of resource materials, including photos, documents, maps, and published histories.

46

Manhattan Project: Berkeley Meeting  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Resources Resources About this Site How to Navigate this Site Library Maps Note on Sources Nuclear Energy and the Public's Right to Know Photo Gallery Site Map Sources and Notes Suggested Readings BERKELEY MEETING University of California, Berkeley (March 29, 1940) Resources > Photo Gallery Lawrence, A. Compton, Bush, Conant, K. Compton, and Loomis A meeting regarding the 184-inch cyclotron project, held at the University of California, Berkeley, on March 29, 1940. Left to right: Ernest O. Lawrence, Arthur H. Compton, Vannevar Bush, James B. Conant, Karl T. Compton, and Alfred L. Loomis. The photograph is reprinted in Richard G. Hewlett and Oscar E. Anderson, Jr., The New World, 1939-1946: Volume I, A History of the United States Atomic Energy Commission (Washington: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, 1972), opposite page 33.

47

Manhattan Project: Trinity Images  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

IMAGES IMAGES Trinity Test Site (July 16, 1945) Resources > Photo Gallery The first 0.11 seconds of the Nuclear Age These seven photographs of the Trinity test were taken by time-lapse cameras. The last is 109 milliseconds, or 0.109 seconds, after detonation. Scroll down to view each individual image. The photographs are courtesy the Los Alamos National Laboratory, via the Federation of American Scientists web site. The animation is original to the Office of History and Heritage Resources. The dawn of the Nuclear Age (Trinity image #1) The dawn of the Nuclear Age Trinity image #2 Trinity image #3 Trinity image #4 Trinity image #5 Trinity, 0.09 seconds after detonation (Trinity image #6) Trinity, 0.09 seconds after detonation Trinity, 0.11 seconds after detonation (Trinity image #7)

48

3.4 Timeline Zoomable Window  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

.1 Zoomable and Scrollable Up: 3. Graphical User Interface .1 Zoomable and Scrollable Up: 3. Graphical User Interface Previous: 3.3 Legend Window Contents 3.4 Timeline Zoomable Window Figure 3.10: Initial display of the Timeline window of a 514 MB 16-process slog2 file with default preview resolution. Image timeline_popup Most of the advanced features in the SLOG-2 viewer are provided through a zoomable window. Jumpshot-4 has two zoomable windows: Timeline and Histogram. Figure 3.10 is the initial display of the Timeline window of a half-gigabyte 16-timeline slog2 file. The zoomable window consists of several concealable and removable components. In the center of the window is the zoomable and scrollable canvas. For the Timeline window, the center canvas is called the timeline canvas. Directly on top of the zoomable

49

ESnet History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net ESnet History View ESnet's 25-year anniversary timeline in...

50

City of Manhattan Beach Community Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sacramento, Ca. 95814 Attention: Joe Loyer j mloycr@cncrgy.stalc.ca.us Subject: City of Manhattan Beach the City of Manhattan Beach adoption of our local more stringent energy efficiency standards. In accordance California Codes that includes the energy standards amendment and a study with supporting energy saving data

51

Manhattan Project: The Venona Intercepts  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Venona intercept regarding Theodore Hall THE VENONA INTERCEPTS (Washington, D.C., 1946-1980) Events > Postscript -- The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present Soviet intelligence officers in the United States regularly communicated with their superiors in Moscow via telegraphic cables. These messages were encrypted of course, but in 1946 the United States, with the assistance of Great Britain, began to decrypt a good number of these messages. This program led to the eventual capture of several Soviet spies within the Manhattan Project. The VENONA intercepts, as they were codenamed, remained a closely-guarded secret, known only to a handful of government officials, until the program was declassified in 1995. Meredith Gardner (left) and some of his team of cryptanalysts.

52

Manhattan Project: Nuclear Energy and the Public's Right to Know  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

The Smyth Report, August 1945. NUCLEAR ENERGY AND THE The Smyth Report, August 1945. NUCLEAR ENERGY AND THE PUBLIC'S RIGHT TO KNOW Resources > Openness Given ongoing concerns with terrorism and nuclear proliferation, a word about secrecy, the information presented on this web site, and the public's right to know is in order. The information on this web site is currently available, and has long been available, in any major university library. The basic story of the Manhattan Project was first released to the public in August 1945 in the "Smyth Report" (right), a book-length study of the Manhattan Project. It was personally reviewed by Leslie Groves, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ernest O. Lawrence, and others, to ensure that it contained no information that would be of assistance to anyone who might try to build a nuclear weapon. The information from the Smyth Report and other contemporary MED press releases has been supplemented in subsequent years by numerous other histories of the Manhattan Project, including a comprehensive official history produced by the Atomic Energy Henry D. Smyth confers with Ernest O. Lawrence about the Smyth Report, Berkeley, fall 1944. Commission (AEC) historians Richard G. Hewlett and Oscar E. Anderson, Jr. As for the most potentially-sensitive category of entries on this web site, "Science," most of the text for these entries was taken directly from an unclassified 1963 AEC publication, The Atomic Energy Deskbook. Created under the personal supervision of AEC Chairman Glenn T. Seaborg, the Deskbook was intended from the start to be a reference work for the public. The intent of all of these publications was to reveal what could be revealed and to keep secret what needed to be kept secret. Accordingly, this web site has been reviewed by the Department of Energy's Office of Classification and confirmed to be unclassified. (For more information on Manhattan Project-related publications, see the list of "Suggested Readings.")

53

Manufacturing Fuel Cell Manhattan Project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to to DOE Fuel Cell Manufacturing Workshop 2011 John Christensen, PE NREL Consultant DOE Fuel Cell Market Transformation Support August 11, 2011 Manufacturing Fuel Cell Manhattan Project √ Identify manufacturing cost drivers to achieve affordability √ Identify best practices in fuel cell manufacturing technology √ Identify manufacturing technology gaps √ Identify FC projects to address these gaps MFCMP Objectives Completed Final Report due out Nov 2010 B2PCOE Montana Tech SME's Industry Academia Government FC Consortiums Power ranges * <0.5 kW (man portable / man wearable) * 0.5 kW< Power range < 10 kW (mobile power) Fuels: Hydrogen and reformed hydrocarbons *Packaged Fuels < 0.5 kW * Near term solution * Move through the supply chain like batteries

54

Manhattan Project: Solvay Physics Conference  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SOLVAY PHYSICS CONFERENCE SOLVAY PHYSICS CONFERENCE Brussels, Belgium (October 1933) Resources > Photo Gallery Solvay Physics Conference, Brussels, 1933 The Solvay Physics Conference, held in Brussels, Belgium, October 22-29, 1933. Attendees included two future key Manhattan Project scientists (Fermi and Lawrence), the future head of the Nazi atomic bomb program (Heisenberg), and numerous leading pre-war physicists. A partial list of those attending: Niels Bohr (seated, third from left) James Chadwick (seated, farthest right) J. B. Cockroft (middle row, third from right) Marie Curie (seated, fifth from left) Enrico Fermi (middle row, fifth from left) Werner Heisenberg (middle row, fourth from left) Ernest O. Lawrence (back row, second from right) Lise Meitner (seated, second from right)

55

Manhattan Project: Sources and Notes  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SOURCES AND NOTES SOURCES AND NOTES Resources > Sources Below are the collected specific notes for the text and images used on the pages of this web site. For a discussion of the most important works on the Manhattan Project, see the "Suggested Readings." For a general discussion of the use of sources in this web site, see "A Note on Sources." To scan the sources and notes for various categories, choose from the list below. To view the sources and notes for a specific web page, see the footnote at the bottom of each page (exceptions include this page and the home page; the sources and notes for the home page are the first ones listed below). Home Events 1890s-1939: Atomic Discoveries 1939-1942: Early Government Support 1942: Difficult Choices

56

OREM Accomplishments Timeline | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

numerous cleanup projects Oak Ridge's EM program has successfully completed year by year. Oak Ridge EM accomplishments timeline More Documents & Publications Recommendation 165:...

57

TIMELINE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Creek. Suspended production of highly enriched uranium. 2004 Groundbreaking for new depleted uranium hexafluoride (DUF6) conversion plant to convert more than 22,000...

58

A Platinum Anniversary for U.S. Atomic Heritage - EM's Historic Manhattan  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

A Platinum Anniversary for U.S. Atomic Heritage - EM's Historic A Platinum Anniversary for U.S. Atomic Heritage - EM's Historic Manhattan Project Sites Gain International Media Attention A Platinum Anniversary for U.S. Atomic Heritage - EM's Historic Manhattan Project Sites Gain International Media Attention September 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - Traditionally, a platinum anniversary marks 70-years. The Manhattan roject legacy reached that special milestone this summer, highlighting a remarkable history nvolving the Oak Ridge and Hanford sites and Los Alamos National Laboratory. Bipartisan legislation making its way through Congress could commemorate America's atomic history by turning these sites into a national park, a prospect that continues to gain national and international media attention in print, online and on TV and

59

The Manhattan Project By Terrence R. Fehner and F.G. Gosling  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Manhattan Project Manhattan Project By Terrence R. Fehner and F.G. Gosling April 2012 U.S. Department of Energy Office of Management Office of the Executive Secretariat Office of History and Heritage Resources 1 Introduction In a national survey at the turn of the millennium, both journalists and the public ranked the dropping of the atomic bomb and the end of the Second World War as the top news stories of the twentieth-century. The Manhattan Project is the story of some of the most renowned scientists of the century combining with industry, the military, and tens of thousands of ordinary Americans working at sites across the country to translate original

60

Timeline of Events: 2010 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Timeline » Timeline » Timeline of Events: 2010 Timeline of Events: 2010 May 28, 2010: Chu helps oversee BP's "top kill" efforts Secretary Chu concludes several days in Houston monitoring the "top kill" attempt to stop the oil well leak in the Gulf of Mexico, analyzing the data as it comes in and helping to develop strategies to give it the best chances of success. Read more November 18, 2010: Antimatter Trapped and Stored Atoms of antimatter have been trapped and stored for the first time in a magnetic bottle-like device by the ALPHA collaboration, an international team of scientists working at CERN. Read more October 4, 2010: Robot on Security Patrol The Department's Nevada National Security Site brings the first of three Mobile Detection Assessment Response System robots online to improve

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Manhattan Project: The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

American troops approaching the beach, D-Day, June 6, 1944. THE WAR ENTERS ITS FINAL PHASE American troops approaching the beach, D-Day, June 6, 1944. THE WAR ENTERS ITS FINAL PHASE (1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 Harry Truman being sworn in as president, April 12, 1945. On April 12, 1945, only weeks before Germany's unconditional surrender on May 7, President Franklin Roosevelt died suddenly in Warm Springs, Georgia. Vice President Harry S. Truman, a veteran of the United States Senate, was now president. Truman had not been privy to many of Roosevelt's internal policy deliberations and had to be briefed extensively in his first weeks in office. One of these briefings, provided by Secretary of War Henry Stimson on April 25, concerned S-1 (the Manhattan Project). Stimson, with Leslie Groves present during part of the meeting, traced the history of the Manhattan Project, summarized its status, and detailed the timetable for testing and combat delivery. Truman asked numerous questions during the forty-five minute meeting and made it clear that he understood the relevance of the atomic bomb to upcoming diplomatic and military initiatives.

62

Work of Manhattan Project-era photographer Ed Westcott lives...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Work of Manhattan ... Work of Manhattan Project-era photographer Ed Westcott lives on Posted: June 13, 2012 - 1:30pm Ed Westcott mans the shutter release for another historic...

63

Manhattan Project: Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Trinity test radiation safety team SAFETY AND THE TRINITY TEST Trinity test radiation safety team SAFETY AND THE TRINITY TEST (Trinity Test Site, July 1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 Bunker at S-10,000 The "Trinity" atomic test was the most violent man-made explosion in history to that date. It also posed the single most significant safety hazard of the entire Manhattan Project. Understanding this, test planners chose a flat, desert scrub region in the northwest corner of the isolated Alamogordo Bombing Range in south central New Mexico for the test. This location, 210 miles south of Los Alamos, was only twenty miles from the nearest offsite habitation. If the explosion was considerably larger than predicted, the dangers could be extreme to the test personnel and surrounding areas.

64

Manhattan Project National Historical Park | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Manhattan Project National Historical Park Manhattan Project National Historical Park Manhattan Project National Historical Park The Department, as the direct descendent of the Manhattan Engineer District, owns and manages the Federal properties at most of the major Manhattan Project sites, including Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Hanford, Washington; and Los Alamos, New Mexico. For over a decade, the Department, in cooperation with other Federal agencies, state and local governments, and other stakeholders, has pursued the possibility of including its most significant Manhattan Project properties within a Manhattan Project National Historical Park. A panel of distinguished historic preservation experts convened in 2001 by the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation at the request of the Department of Energy recommended that the "ultimate goal" for

65

Timeline of Events: 2006 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6 6 Timeline of Events: 2006 March 8, 2006: Sandia's Z Machine The Department's Sandia National Laboratories announces that its Z machine has produced plasmas that exceed temperatures of 2 billion degrees Kelvin-hotter than the interiors of stars. Read more February 21, 2006: Bush visits NREL President Bush, in a visit to DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado, participates in an energy conservation and efficiency panel. Read more August 30, 2006: Subcritical Test at NTS The Department's Los Alamos National Laboratory successfully conducts a subcritical experiment, Unicorn, at 11:00 a.m. at the Nevada Test Site. Read more Return to Timeline of Events: 2005 Continue to Timeline of Events: 2007 Jump to month: February | March | April | May | June | July | August |

66

Timeline of Events: 2002 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2 2 Timeline of Events: 2002 May 24, 2002: President Bush and President Vladimir Putin of Russia sign agreement to reduce each country's nuclear arsenal to between 1,700 and 2,200 warhead. Read more February 14, 2002: Yucca Mountain Secretary Abraham formally recommends to President Bush that the Yucca Mountain site in Nevada be developed as the nation's first long-term geologic repository for high-level radioactive waste. Read more July 22, 2002: Bush at Argonne President Bush visits DOE's Argonne National Laboratory and is briefed on counterterrorism technologies developed by several DOE national Laboratories. Read more Return to Timeline of Events: 2001 Continue to Timeline of Events: 2003 Jump to month: February | March | April | May | June | July | August |

67

Timeline of Events: 2001 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1 1 Timeline of Events: 2001 August 15, 2001: IBM's ASCI White Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory dedicates the "world's fastest supercomputer," the IBM ASCI White. Read more June 28, 2001: President Bush announces $85.7 million in Federal grants President Bush speaks to employees at DOE's Forrestal building in Washington, D.C. announcing $85.7 million in Federal grants. Read more September 11, 2001 Terrorists attack the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon outside Washington, D.C. Under the threat of additional assaults, Secretary Abraham orders that all DOE facilities be placed in high security status. All non-essential DOE personnel are evacuated and sent home. Read more Return to Timeline of Events: 1991 to 2000 Continue to Timeline of Events: 2002

68

Timeline of Events: 2004 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4 4 Timeline of Events: 2004 July 1, 2004: Cassini-Huygena spacecraft goes into orbit around Saturn Read more April 29, 2004: Fernald Closure Site Demolition crews bring down the Pilot Plant at DOE's Fernald Closure Site in Ohio. Read more November 10, 2004: First hydrogen refueling station opens in Washington, DC. Secretary Abraham joins representatives of Shell and General Motors in the opening of the nation's first integrated gasoline/hydrogen refueling station in Washington, D.C. Read more Return to Timeline of Events: 2003 Continue to Timeline of Events: 2005 Jump to month: February | March | April | May | June | July | August | September | October | November | December January 6, 2004 Secretary Abraham begins a ten day trip to Asia and the Pacific to advance

69

Manhattan Project: Los Alamos Scientists  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Resources Resources About this Site How to Navigate this Site Library Maps Note on Sources Nuclear Energy and the Public's Right to Know Photo Gallery Site Map Sources and Notes Suggested Readings LOS ALAMOS SCIENTISTS Los Alamos (Laboratory) (August 1946) Resources > Photo Gallery Los Alamos, August 1946 Scientists attending a colloquium at Los Alamos, August 1946. Left to right, first row: Norris E. Bradbury, John H. Manley, Enrico Fermi, J. M. B. Kellogg. Second row: Robert Oppenheimer, Richard P. Feynman, Phil B. Porter. Third row: Gregory Breit (partially hidden), Arthur Hemmendinger, Arthur D. Schelberg. The photograph is courtesy Los Alamos National Laboratory. The identifications are from Richard G. Hewlett and Francis Duncan, Atomic Shield, 1947-1952: Volume II, A History of the United States Atomic Energy Commission (Washington: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, 1972), opposite page 46.

70

Manhattan Project: About the Site  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

ABOUT THIS SITE ABOUT THIS SITE Resources Project Directors: Terrence R. Fehner, Chief Historian F. G. Gosling, former Chief Historian (retired) Assisted By: David Rezelman, Glenn T. Seaborg Fellow in Nuclear History Stephanie Young, Edward Teller Fellow in Science and National Security Studies Andrew Mamo, Edward Teller Fellow in Science and National Security Studies Emily Hamilton, Edward Teller Fellow in Science and National Security Studies Douglas O’Reagan, Edward Teller Fellow in Science and National Security Studies James Skee, Edward Teller Fellow in Science and National Security Studies Site Designer: Jennifer Johnson, Archivist Summary Words (estimate): 120,000 Total Pages if Printed (estimate): 430 Total Images: 500+ Photographs: 450+ Maps and Diagrams: 64 Total Images (counting varying sizes, etc.): 1,000+

71

Manhattan Project: Kasparov, Kamen, and Kheifits  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

KASPAROV, KAMEN, AND KHEIFITS KASPAROV, KAMEN, AND KHEIFITS California? (n.d.) Resources > Photo Gallery Kasparov, Kamen, and Kheifits This surveillance photograph was taken by Manhattan Project security officials. On the right is Gregory Kheifits (KHARON), the NKGB Resident in San Francisco from 1941 to July 1944. On the left is his successor, Gregory Kasparov (DAR). In between them is Martin Kamen, a chemist at the University of California, Berkeley's "Rad Lab." (Kamen was later dismissed as a "security risk.") The photo is courtesy the National Security Agency. For more on Kheifits and Kasparov, see "The Venona Story." See also "The Venona Intercepts, 1946-1980." See also the group photograph of the staff at the Rad Lab in 1939, which includes Kamen, Ernest O. Lawrence, Robert Oppenheimer, and numerous other Manhattan Project scientists. Lawrence is bottom row center; Kamen is over Lawrence's left shoulder; and Oppenheimer is over Kamen's right shoulder.

72

Manhattan, Kansas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Manhattan, Kansas: Energy Resources Manhattan, Kansas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.1836082°, -96.5716694° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.1836082,"lon":-96.5716694,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

73

FY2012 Three Year Rolling Timeline | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Three Year Rolling TimelineUpdate111024 w Memo.pdf More Documents & Publications Three Year Rolling Timeline Slide 1 Microsoft PowerPoint - FY0910 ValidationsArchiving090804...

74

MagLab - Timeline of Electricity and Magnetism: 1700 - 1749  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

00 - 1749 Timelines Select a Timeline 600 BC - 1599 1600 - 1699 1700 - 1749 1750 - 1774 1775 - 1799 1800 - 1819 1820 - 1829 1830 - 1839 1840 - 1849 1850 - 1869 1870 - 1879 1880 -...

75

MagLab - Timeline of Electricity and Magnetism: 1880 - 1889  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

80 - 1889 Timelines Select a Timeline 600 BC - 1599 1600 - 1699 1700 - 1749 1750 - 1774 1775 - 1799 1800 - 1819 1820 - 1829 1830 - 1839 1840 - 1849 1850 - 1869 1870 - 1879 1880 -...

76

MagLab - Electricity and Magnetism Timeline, 1980 - 2003  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

80 - 2003 Timelines Select a Timeline 600 BC - 1599 1600 - 1699 1700 - 1749 1750 - 1774 1775 - 1799 1800 - 1819 1820 - 1829 1830 - 1839 1840 - 1849 1850 - 1869 1870 - 1879 1880 -...

77

Manhattan Project: Trinity (Color Photograph)  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

(COLOR PHOTOGRAPH) (COLOR PHOTOGRAPH) Trinity Test Site (July 16, 1945) Resources > Photo Gallery Trinity, July 16, 1945 (This is the page for the photograph only; see "The Trinity Test" for more information about the test itself.) The photo is courtesy Los Alamos National Laboratories; it is reproduced on the front cover of Los Alamos: Beginning of an Era, 1943-1945 (Los Alamos: Public Relations Office, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, ca. 1967-1971). The inside of the front cover describes the history of the photograph this way: Although colored movies were taken of the Trinity test, they were of poor quality and have since deteriorated. This cover photograph, also showing the ravages of time, is the only existing color shot of the test. It was taken, surprisingly enough, by an amateur using his own camera. Jack Aeby, now [ca. 1967-1971] of H-6, was working at Trinity with Emilio Segrè studying delayed gamma rays. Segrè secured permission for Aeby to carry his camera to the site to record the group's activities. Came the test and, as Aeby says, 'it was there so I shot it.' The picture was taken from just outside Base Camp with a Perfex 33 camera using 33 mm film. The photograph provided the basis for the Theoretical Division's earliest calculations of the Trinity weapon's yield and was shortly confiscated by the Army and first published after the announcement was made of the bombing of Japan.

78

California Energy Commission's AB 118 Implementation Timeline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

* Assumes that public comment/Commission review will not result in changes to regulatory language that would Investment Plan August 26, 2008 Post AB 118 Implementation Timeline for September 2, 2008, Staff Workshop with Advisory Committee Members September 9, 2008 Committee Workshop to Review Revised Draft Regulation Language

79

Gosling, The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Gosling, The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Gosling, The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb Gosling, The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb F.G. Gosling. The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb. DOE/MA-0002 Revised. Washington, D.C.: Department of Energy, 2010. 115 pp., with 38 pp. photo gallery). From the Forward to the 2010 Edition: "In a national survey at the turn of the millennium, journalists and historians ranked the dropping of the atomic bomb and the surrender of Japan to end the Second World War as the top story of the twentieth century. The advent of nuclear weapons, brought about by the Manhattan Project, not only helped bring an end to World War II but ushered in the atomic age and determined how the next war-the Cold War-would be fought. The Manhattan Project also became the organizational model behind

80

OSTI History, Office of Scientific and Technical Information...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Timeline History 1940 Answering the Call 1950s Expanding Internationally 1960s Supporting Education 1970s Beyond Nuclear 1980s Forging Partnerships 1990s Profund Change 2000s...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Timeline of Events: 2007 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7 7 Timeline of Events: 2007 February 23, 2007: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Demonstration at White House President Bush and Secretary Bodman participate in a demonstration of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) on the South Lawn of the White House. Read more January 23, 2007: WIPP receives first shipment of waste The Department's Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) near Carlsbad, New Mexico, receives (pdf) its first shipment of remote-handled (RH) transuranic (TRU) radioactive waste. Read more December 4, 2007: NETL's Robotic Pipeline Inspection Tool The Department's National Energy Technology Laboratory announces the development of a new robotic pipeline inspection tool that could revolutionize the pipeline inspection process. Read more Return to Timeline of Events: 2006

82

Manhattan Project: Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-Present  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin, Yalta, Russia, February 9, 1945 FIRST STEPS TOWARD INTERNATIONAL CONTROL Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin, Yalta, Russia, February 9, 1945 FIRST STEPS TOWARD INTERNATIONAL CONTROL (1941-July 1945) Events > Postscript -- The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present Throughout most of the Second World War, officials gave little consideration to the postwar atom. Even at the top echelons of government, few knew of the Manhattan Project, and among those who did the primary concern was the ultimate success of the bomb development and not possible impact of the bomb on postwar international relations. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Vannevar Bush, director of the Office of Science and Research and Development and perhaps the President’s closest adviser on the bomb, discussed "after-war control" on October 9, 1941, "at some length" but there was no follow-up.

83

Manhattan Project: Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-Present  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Joe 1, the first Soviet atomic test, August 29, 1949. NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION Joe 1, the first Soviet atomic test, August 29, 1949. NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION (1949-Present) Events > Postscript -- The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present Even before the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, many of the scientists of the Manhattan Project were arguing that international control of atomic energy was essential. Any modern, industrialized state, they reasoned, could eventually build its own atomic bomb if it so chose. There was no "secret" scientific theory or principle concerning the bomb. Its possibility was fundamental to modern physics. Then as now, the primary difficulties were engineering related: separating uranium-235 or producing plutonium and designing and building the actual weapon.

84

Manhattan Project Truck Unearthed in Recovery Act Cleanup | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Manhattan Project Truck Unearthed in Recovery Act Cleanup Manhattan Project Truck Unearthed in Recovery Act Cleanup Manhattan Project Truck Unearthed in Recovery Act Cleanup A Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) excavation crew working on an American Recovery and Reinvestment Act cleanup project has uncovered the remnants of a 1940s military truck buried in a Manhattan Project landfill. The truck was unearthed inside a sealed building where digging is taking place at Material Disposal Area B (MDA-B), the Lab's first hazardous and radioactive waste landfill. MDA-B was used from 1944 to 1948. Manhattan Project Truck Unearthed in Recovery Act Cleanup More Documents & Publications Los Alamos Lab Completes Excavation of Waste Disposal Site Used in the 1940s Protecting Recovery Act Cleanup Site During Massive Wildfire

85

History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

History History A repository for images about our legacy as a Laboratory. News Releases Media Contacts Videos Photos Fact Sheets Social Media PHOTOS BY TOPIC Careers Community...

86

Manhattan Project: F Reactor Plutonium Production Complex  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

F REACTOR PLUTONIUM PRODUCTION COMPLEX F REACTOR PLUTONIUM PRODUCTION COMPLEX Hanford Engineer Works, 1945 Resources > Photo Gallery Plutonium production area, Hanford, ca. 1945 The F Reactor plutonium production complex at Hanford. The "boxy" building between the two water towers on the right is the plutonium production reactor; the long building in the center of the photograph is the water treatment plant. The photograph was reproduced from Henry DeWolf Smyth, Atomic Energy for Military Purposes: The Official Report on the Development of the Atomic Bomb under the Auspices of the United States Government, 1940-1945 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1945). The Smyth Report was commissioned by Leslie Groves and originally issued by the Manhattan Engineer District. Princeton University Press reprinted it in book form as a "public service" with "reproduction in whole or in part authorized and permitted."

87

MagLab - Timeline of Electricity and Magnetism  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Timeline of Electricity and Magnetism: Introduction MagLab U logo The fields of electricity and magnetism are intimately intertwined. However, humankinds knowledge of magnetism...

88

RAPID/Best Practices/NEPA Timelines | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us Best Practice: NEPA Timelines Project Type -1...

89

BioenergizeME Virtual Science Fair: Biomass History A timeline  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This infographic was created by students from Sun Valley High School in Aston, PA, as part of the U.S. Department of Energy-BioenergizeME Virtual Science Fair.

90

Site A Plot M History Timeline.indd  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

to the project. December 2, 1942 Enrico Fermi's team creates the world's fi rst self-sustaining, nuclear chain reaction unit under Stagg Field at the University of Chicago....

91

EM Launches First-Ever Interactive Timeline on Cleanup's History...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

waste and related topics in Phoenix this week. Featuring photos and videos, EM's Web-based chronicle, accessible here, captures hundreds of critical cleanup...

92

EA-1903: Kansas State University Zond Wind Energy Project, Manhattan,  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3: Kansas State University Zond Wind Energy Project, 3: Kansas State University Zond Wind Energy Project, Manhattan, Kansas EA-1903: Kansas State University Zond Wind Energy Project, Manhattan, Kansas SUMMARY This EA evaluates the potential environmental impacts of a proposal to use Congressional Directed funds to develop the Great Plains Wind Energy Consortium aimed at increasing the penetration of wind energy via distributed wind power generation throughout the region. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD October 21, 2013 EA-1903: Notice of Extension Kansas State University Zond Wind Energy Project, Manhattan, Kansas September 11, 2013 EA-1903: Draft Environmental Assessment Kansas State University Zond Wind Energy Project, Manhattan, Kansas September 11, 2013

93

New Manhattan Project Resource Page Launched | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Manhattan Project Resource Page Launched Manhattan Project Resource Page Launched New Manhattan Project Resource Page Launched July 16, 2013 - 5:48pm Addthis General Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer are pictured here at the Trinity Test site in New Mexico, 1945. General Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer are pictured here at the Trinity Test site in New Mexico, 1945. Terry Fehner Terry Fehner Historian, Federal Preservation Officer Andy Weston-Dawkes Director of the Office of Classification What are the key facts? From Trinity to today -- learn about the Department's direct connection with the Manhattan Project here. Sixty-eight years ago today, on an isolated corner of the Alamogordo Bombing Range in southern New Mexico, the atomic age began. At precisely 5:30 a.m., a device fueled with about 13½ pounds of plutonium, in a weapon

94

MANHATTAN PROJECT NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

PARK MANHATTAN PROJECT NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK Shift change at the Y-12 facility in Oak Ridge, TN, where uranium-235 was separated from uranium-238. August 1945. Shift change...

95

Manhattan Project: Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer EVALUATIONS OF TRINITY Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer EVALUATIONS OF TRINITY (July 1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 Only minutes after the world's first ever atomic explosion, Leslie Groves and Robert Oppenheimer (above) began composing their report for the Secretary of War and President Truman. There was a sense of urgency surrounding this notification, as Truman had already arrived at Potsdam (outside of Berlin) to confer with other Allied leaders on the conclusion of the war with Japan. Now that the potential of the bomb had been proven, the calculations behind the Potsdam negotiations were dramatically different.

96

Manhattan Project: Groves and the MED, 1942  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Colonel James Marshall, 1946 GROVES AND THE MED Colonel James Marshall, 1946 GROVES AND THE MED (1942) Events > Difficult Choices, 1942 More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 The summer of 1942 proved to be a troublesome one for the fledgling bomb project. Colonel James C. Marshall (right) received the assignment of directing the Laboratory for the Development of Substitute Metals, or DSM, the military's initial cover name for the project. Marshall immediately moved from Syracuse, where he served in the Corps's Syracuse Engineer District, to New York City. Concerned that the name DSM would attract too much attention, the military set up the Manhattan Engineer District (MED), established by general order on August 13. Marshall, like most other Army officers, knew nothing of nuclear physics. Furthermore, Marshall and his Army superiors were disposed to move cautiously. In one case, for instance, Marshall delayed purchase of an excellent production site in Tennessee pending further study, while the scientists who had been involved in the project from the start were pressing for immediate purchase. Although Vannevar Bush had carefully managed the transition to Army control, there was not yet a mechanism to arbitrate disagreements between the S-1 Committee and the military. The resulting lack of coordination complicated attempts to gain a higher priority for scarce materials and boded ill for the future of the entire bomb project.

97

Historic Manhattan Project Sites at Los Alamos  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The Manhattan Project laboratory constructed at Los Alamos, New Mexico, beginning in 1943, was intended from the start to be temporary and to go up with amazing speed. Because most of those WWII-era facilities were built with minimal materials and so quickly, much of the original infrastructure was torn down in the late '40s and early '50s and replaced by more permanent facilities. However, a few key facilities remained, and are being preserved and maintained for historic significance. Four such sites are visited briefly in this video, taking viewers to V-Site, the buildings where the first nuclear explosive device was pre-assembled in preparation for the Trinity Test in Southern New Mexico. Included is another WWII area, Gun Site. So named because it was the area where scientists and engineers tested the so-called "gun method" of assembling nuclear materials -- the fundamental design of the Little Boy weapon that was eventually dropped on Hiroshima. The video also goes to Pajarito Site, home of the "Slotin Building" and "Pond Cabin." The Slotin Building is the place where scientist Louis Slotin conducted a criticality experiment that went awry in early 1946, leading to his unfortunate death, and the Pond Cabin served the team of eminent scientist Emilio Segre who did early chemistry work on plutonium that ultimately led to the Fat Man weapon.

McGehee, Ellen

2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

98

Timeline of Events: 2003 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 3 Timeline of Events: 2003 December 12, 2003: Operations begin at Glovebox Excavator Method facility The Department's Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) begins operations at the Glovebox Excavator Method (GEM) facility. Read more February 27, 2003: Abraham and Dobriansky announce "FutureGen" Secretary Abraham and Under Secretary of State for Global Affairs Paula Dobriansky announce the formation of an ambitious new international effort to advance carbon capture and storage technology as a way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Read more December 3, 2003: Bush signs Nanotechnology R&D Act Secretary Abraham attends the signing of the 21st Century Nanotechnology Research and Development Act by President Bush. The act authorizes funding

99

ALS History: The First 20 Years  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

History: The First 20 Years Print History: The First 20 Years Print Below is an interactive timeline covering highlights of the first 20 years of ALS history. By no means exhaustive, it is meant to provide a broad overview of the people and events that have helped shape the ALS as well as a sense of the breadth of the science that has been done here. Click on items to see more detail. Slide the blue rectangle at bottom to move forward or backward in time. Color Key: Science Highlights (green); People and Events (orange); Concurrent Events (blue); Facility Facts (purple) Tiki-Toki ALS Timeline: Science, People, and Events About this timeline This timeline shows the history of the Advanced Light Source. Slide the blue rectangle at bottom to move forward or backward in time.;xNLx;;xNLx;Color Key:;xNLx;;xNLx;Green = Science

100

ALS History: The First 20 Years  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

History: The First 20 Years Print History: The First 20 Years Print Below is an interactive timeline covering highlights of the first 20 years of ALS history. By no means exhaustive, it is meant to provide a broad overview of the people and events that have helped shape the ALS as well as a sense of the breadth of the science that has been done here. Click on items to see more detail. Slide the blue rectangle at bottom to move forward or backward in time. Color Key: Science Highlights (green); People and Events (orange); Concurrent Events (blue); Facility Facts (purple) Tiki-Toki ALS Timeline: Science, People, and Events About this timeline This timeline shows the history of the Advanced Light Source. Slide the blue rectangle at bottom to move forward or backward in time.;xNLx;;xNLx;Color Key:;xNLx;;xNLx;Green = Science

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Manhattan Project: Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-Present  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Bernard Baruch presents the United States plan for international control of atomic energy to the United Nations, June 14, 1946. NEGOTIATING INTERNATIONAL CONTROL Bernard Baruch presents the United States plan for international control of atomic energy to the United Nations, June 14, 1946. NEGOTIATING INTERNATIONAL CONTROL (December 1945-1946) Events > Postscript -- The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present After American, British, and Canadian officials agreed at the November 1945 Washington meeting to a negotiating approach on international control, Secretary of State James F. Byrnes quickly arranged for the Big Three foreign ministers to meet in Moscow in mid-December. Atomic energy, which the Soviets placed last on a long list of agenda items, was discussed only in terms of the United Nations proposal. Surprising Byrnes with their willingness to cooperate, the Soviets acquiesced to the American proposal, which was based on the Washington joint declaration, but with one exception. They agreed that the commission should be set up by the United Nations General Assembly, but, counter to the American plan, they insisted that the commission report to the Security Council and be accountable to it "in matters affecting security." This was no mere procedural difference. Most of the members in the General Assembly, where decisions were made by majority rule, were more closely aligned to the United States than to the Soviet Union. In the Security Council, the Soviet Union possessed the veto and could effectively halt any commission actions that it found objectionable.

102

Manhattan Project: Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-Present  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson and Secretary of State James F. Byrnes arrive at the Gatow Airport in Berlin for the Potsdam Conference, July 15, 1945. SEARCH FOR A POLICY ON INTERNATIONAL CONTROL Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson and Secretary of State James F. Byrnes arrive at the Gatow Airport in Berlin for the Potsdam Conference, July 15, 1945. SEARCH FOR A POLICY ON INTERNATIONAL CONTROL (August to November 1945) Events > Postscript -- The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present In the immediate aftermath of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, President Harry S. Truman and his top officials viewed the Soviet Union as the primary stumbling block in the move toward international control of the atomic bomb. Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson and Secretary of State James F. Byrnes represented the two poles of an uncertain and divided policy. Despite his ongoing misgivings concerning the Soviets, Stimson determined that unless the United States offered full partnership in the development of atomic energy the Soviet Union would begin "a secret armament race of a rather desperate character." Byrnes, on the eve of the first postwar foreign ministers conference to be held in London, remained adamant in opposition to any attempt to cooperate with the Soviets on atomic energy and viewed the bomb as a diplomatic asset that would make the Soviets more amenable. As Stimson observed in his diary, Byrnes went to London fully set on having "the implied threat of the bomb in his pocket during the conference."

103

history  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

highlights of the site's history now is available for viewing on the Y-12 public Web site at

104

Property:MHK Project Timeline and Milestones | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Project Timeline and Milestones Project Timeline and Milestones Jump to: navigation, search Property Name MHK Project Timeline and Milestones Property Type Text Pages using the property "MHK Project Timeline and Milestones" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) M MHK Projects/40MW Lewis project + 1/1/2011 Seabed lease secured, 1/1/2012 Offshore and onshore consents applications submitted, 6/1/2012 Grid connection offered and accepted MHK Projects/Brough Head Wave Farm + 1/1/2010 Seabed lease secured MHK Projects/CETO La Reunion + 1/1/2011 Deployment Q2, 2012 MHK Projects/CETO3 Garden Island + 3/1/2011 CETO3 commercial unit was design, fabricated and deployed off Garden Island in 25m of water in mid-2011. MHK Projects/Coos Bay OPT Wave Park + 3/1/2010 OPT reapplies for Preliminary Permit

105

BER Timeline | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

News & Resources » BER News & Resources » BER Timeline Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) News & Resources BER Timeline Contact Information Biological and Environmental Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3251 F: (301) 903-5051 E: sc.ber@science.doe.gov More Information » News & Resources BER Timeline Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page All Biological Systems Science Events Climate and Environmental Sciences Events Jump to ... 2010 2005 2000 1995 1995 1990 1985 1980 1975 1970 1965 1960 1955 1950 1945 1940 1935 1930 Text version Visual timeline version

106

Manhattan Project | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

celebration of Y-12's 70th anniversary, a short film capturing highlights of the site's history now is available for viewing on the Y-12 public Web site at http:www.y12.doe.gov...

107

Chronological History of Federal Fleet Actions and Mandates (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This chronological history of Federal fleet actions and mandates provides a year-by-year timeline of the acts, amendments, executive orders, and other regulations that affect Federal fleets. The fleet actions and mandates included in the timeline span from 1988 to 2009.

Not Available

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Timeline of Events: 1981 to 1990 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

81 to 1990 81 to 1990 Timeline of Events: 1981 to 1990 April 26, 1986: Chernobyl A major nuclear accident occurs at Chernobyl Reactor #4 near Pripyat, Ukraine in the Soviet Union, spreading radioactive contamination over a large area. Read more March 23, 1983: Reagan Announces SDI President Reagan addresses the nation on national security and announces the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), a satellite-based defense system that would destroy incoming missiles and warheads in space. Read more November 8, 1983: Defense Waste Processing Facility The Department begins construction of the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) at the Savannah River Plant in South Carolina/ Read more Return to Timeline of Events: 1971 to 1980 Continue to Timeline of Events: 1991 to 2000 January 20, 1981

109

Planetary formation theory developed, tested: predicts timeline for life  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Planetary formation theory developed, tested: predicts timeline for Planetary formation theory developed, tested: predicts timeline for life After the Big Bang: Theory suggests first planets formed after first generations of stars The researchers' calculations predict properties of first planet and timeline for life. May 3, 2012 image description The researchers state that the formation of Earth-like planets is not itself a sufficient prerequisite for life. Early galaxies contained strong sources of life-threatening radiation, such as supernovae and black holes. Therefore, they conclude that the conditions for life emerged only after the earliest epoch of galaxy formation. Get Expertise Jarrett Johnson Nuclear and Particle Physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology Email Hui Li Nuclear and Particle Physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology

110

Timeline of Events: 1991 to 2000 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

91 to 2000 91 to 2000 Timeline of Events: 1991 to 2000 April 25, 1997: Yucca Mountain exploratory drilling. Workers complete drilling of the five-mile long, horseshoe-shaped exploratory tunnel through Yucca Mountain. Read more October 24, 1992: Energy Policy Act President Bush signs the Energy Policy Act of 1992, which assists the implementation of the National Energy Strategy. Read more June 11, 1999: National Ignition Facility Secretary Richardson dedicates the National Ignition Facility target chamber at DOE's Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Read more Return to Timeline of Events: 1981 to 1990 Continue to Timeline of Events: 2001 January 16-17, 1991 United Nations coalition forces launch Operation Desert Storm when Saddam Hussein refuses to withdraw from Kuwait.

111

Timeline of Events: 1971 to 1980 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

71 to 1980 71 to 1980 Timeline of Events: 1971 to 1980 August 4, 1977: Energy Organization Act President Carter signs the Department of Energy Organization Act. The Federal Energy Administration and Energy Research and Development Administration are abolished. Read more October, 1973: The First Energy Crisis On October 6, 1973, the Yom Kippur War breaks out in the Middle East. October 17, 1973, the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries declares an oil embargo, sparking the first "energy crisis." Read more March 28, 1979: Three Mile Island A partial meltdown of the core occurs at one of the two reactors at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Read more Return to Timeline of Events: 1951 to 1970 Continue to Timeline of Events: 1981 to 1990

112

Timeline of Events: 1951 to 1970 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

51 to 1970 51 to 1970 Timeline of Events: 1951 to 1970 October 31, 1952: Mike Test The Atomic Energy Commission detonates the first thermonuclear device, code-named "Mike," at Enewetak Atoll in the Pacific. Read more December 23, 1957: Shippingport The Shippingport Atomic Power Station, the world's first full-scale nuclear power plant, becomes operational. Read more March 13, 1968: Oil discovered on Alaska's North Slope The Atlantic Richfield Company and Humble Oil and Refining Company announce the discovery of oil on the North Slope of Alaska at Prudhoe Bay. Read more Return to Timeline of Events: 1939 to 1950 Continue to Timeline of Events: 1971 to 1980 December 20, 1951 The Experimental Breeder Reactor No. 1 located at the National Reactor Testing Station near Arco, Idaho, produces the first electric power from a

113

ORISE: History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

History History The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) is a national leader in science education and research, with programs dating back to 1946 and having served as an official U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) institute since 1992. The institute that eventually became what is known today as ORISE was the brainchild of University of Tennessee (UT) physics professor Dr. William G. Pollard. Aware of the valuable assets on hand in Oak Ridge, Tenn., as part of the Manhattan Project, Pollard talked about the possibility of aligning regional universities with the scientific resources and state-of-the-art equipment in Oak Ridge. On Oct. 17, 1946, Pollard's vision became a reality when the Oak Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies (ORINS) received a charter of incorporation

114

Manhattan Project: Los Alamos Street Scene  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

LOS ALAMOS STREET SCENE LOS ALAMOS STREET SCENE Los Alamos (The Town) Resources > Photo Gallery Los Alamos street scene. Fuller Lodge and the "Big House" are visible in the distance (see below). Above is a view of Los Alamos (looking north). In the distance, Fuller Lodge and the "Big House" are visible to the left and right, respectively (see below). The photograph is reproduced from Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Los Alamos: Beginning of an Era, 1943-1945 (Los Alamos: Public Relations Office, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, ca. 1967-1971), 13. The labels and "close-ups" below were made by the Office of History and Heritage Resources. Los Alamos street scene (labeled) Close-up of Fuller Lodge Close-up of the "Big House" Click on a link below to return to:

115

Manhattan Project: Adventures Inside the Atom  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

ADVENTURES INSIDE THE ATOM ADVENTURES INSIDE THE ATOM General Electric, National Archives (1948) Resources > Library Below is Adventures Inside the Atom, a comic book history of nuclear energy that was produced in 1948 by the General Electric Company. Scroll down to view the full-size images of each page. This publication was produced at the request of the the Assistant Manager for Public Education, Oak Ridge Operations Office, Atomic Energy Commission. It is reproduced here via the National Archives. Adventures Inside the Atom, p. 1 Adventures Inside the Atom, p. 2 Adventures Inside the Atom, p. 3 Adventures Inside the Atom, p. 4 Adventures Inside the Atom, p. 5 Adventures Inside the Atom, p. 6 Adventures Inside the Atom, p. 7 Adventures Inside the Atom, p. 8 Adventures Inside the Atom, p. 9

116

Recovery Act milestone: Excavation begins at Manhattan Project landfill  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Recovery Act milestone Recovery Act milestone Recovery Act milestone: Excavation begins at Manhattan Project landfill The six-acre site contains a series of trenches used from 1944 to 1948 to dispose of hazardous and non-hazardous trash from Manhattan Project labs and buildings. July 1, 2010 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

117

Manhattan Beach, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Manhattan Beach, California: Energy Resources Manhattan Beach, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 33.8847361°, -118.4109089° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.8847361,"lon":-118.4109089,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

118

Manhattan Project: The "Big House"  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

THE "BIG HOUSE" THE "BIG HOUSE" Los Alamos Boys Ranch School and Los Alamos (The Town) Resources > Photo Gallery The "Big House," Los Alamos. The "Big House" was the dormitory for the Los Alamos Boys Ranch School. Students slept year-round on its unheated porches. During the Manhattan Project, the Big House contained, among other things, a library, the Chaplain's Office, and the Red Cross headquarters. Privileged guests and high-ranking civilians also sometimes stayed there. The photograph above is reproduced from Edith C. Truslow, with Kasha V. Thayer, ed., Manhattan Engineer District: Nonscientific Aspects of Los Alamos Project Y, 1942 through 1946 (Los Alamos, NM: Manhattan Engineer District, ca. 1946; first printed by Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory as LA-5200, March 1973; reprinted in 1997 by the Los Alamos Historical Society), 58. The photograph below is of a group of Ranch School students in front of the Big House; it is reproduced from "Dateline: Los Alamos," a special issue of the monthly publication of Los Alamos National Laboratory (1995), 7. At the bottom is an "establishing shot" of Los Alamos in which Fuller Lodge and the Big House are visible in the distance to the left and the right, respectively; click here for more information on this photograph.

119

Preliminary Exam Timeline TIME STUDENT ADVISOR COMMITTEE MEMBERS DEPARTMENT OFFICE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preliminary Exam Timeline TIME STUDENT ADVISOR COMMITTEE MEMBERS DEPARTMENT OFFICE Up to 3 months of 3 questions, confirm date of written exam Prepare potential written questions and submit to advisor of written exam At least 2 weeks prior to written exam Submit written prospectus to advisor, committee

120

On-Line Renewals Spring 2015 Co-op Timeline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On-Line Renewals Spring 2015 Co-op Timeline All students applying for Co-ops &/or Internships must for Spring 2015 Co-op ( Renewals are for Co-ops only). Also Work Term Evaluations will be accepted. November 10, 2014 Earliest date for submitting Coop Renewals to start working (on January 12th ) December 1

Heller, Barbara

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

History | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

About Energy.gov » History About Energy.gov » History History History The Department of Energy has one of the richest and most diverse histories in the Federal Government. Although only in existence since 1977, the Department traces its lineage to the Manhattan Project effort to develop the atomic bomb during World War II and to the various energy-related programs that previously had been dispersed throughout various Federal agencies. The Department has made available to researchers and the general public a rich variety of materials and information: Historical Resources, including published and online histories of the Department and its predecessor agencies and information on records, exhibits, museums, and tours available online and at various locations both within and outside the Department. Major publications and websites can be

122

History | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

About Energy.gov » History About Energy.gov » History History History The Department of Energy has one of the richest and most diverse histories in the Federal Government. Although only in existence since 1977, the Department traces its lineage to the Manhattan Project effort to develop the atomic bomb during World War II and to the various energy-related programs that previously had been dispersed throughout various Federal agencies. The Department has made available to researchers and the general public a rich variety of materials and information: Historical Resources, including published and online histories of the Department and its predecessor agencies and information on records, exhibits, museums, and tours available online and at various locations both within and outside the Department. Major publications and websites can be

123

Commemorating Black History: Contributions of African Americans to the  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commemorating Black History: Contributions of African Americans to Commemorating Black History: Contributions of African Americans to the Manhattan Project Commemorating Black History: Contributions of African Americans to the Manhattan Project February 21, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis July 20, 1944 July 20, 1944 September 21, 1944 September 21, 1944 March 24, 1944 March 24, 1944 June 27, 1944 June 27, 1944 July 20, 1944 September 21, 1944 March 24, 1944 June 27, 1944 The Department of Energy (DOE) commissioned an exhibit documenting the contributions of African Americans to the Manhattan Project at Hanford Reservation. The exhibit features pictures taken from the Hanford archives and oral histories of African Americans. The site was used to produce plutonium for the bomb that brought an end to World War II. During that era, people from all over the country came to Hanford, ultimately forming a

124

Manhattan Project: Postscript--The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Government-suggested fallout shelter design, 1950s POSTSCRIPT--THE NUCLEAR AGE Government-suggested fallout shelter design, 1950s POSTSCRIPT--THE NUCLEAR AGE (1945-Present) Events Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present Joe 1, the first Soviet atomic test, August 29, 1949. The end of the Second World War brought with it a whole new set of issues and problems, not least of which was the dilemma of what to do with the nuclear genie now that he had been let out of the bottle. In the United States, and around the world, news of the atomic bomb created among the public a sense of shock and awe. Manhattan Engineer District officials took certain obvious steps such as slowing down the program from its wartime pace, but the assembly of additional nuclear weapons did quietly continue.

125

Manhattan Project: Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Trinity, July 16, 1945 DAWN OF THE ATOMIC ERA (1945) Events The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 As the war entered its final phase, the Manhattan Project became an increasingly important and controversial element in American strategy. Debate over how to use the bomb began in earnest in early summer of 1945. The Trinity atomic test of July 16 (right) confirmed that the stakes for this decision were very high. With a blast equivalent of approximately 21 kilotons of TNT, the test explosion was greater than had been predicted, and the dispersal of radioactive fallout following the test made safety something of a near thing. News of the success at Trinity reached President Harry S. Truman at the Potsdam Conference.

126

Manhattan Project: Establishing Los Alamos, 1942-1943  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Entrance to the Los Alamos "Tech Area" ESTABLISHING LOS ALAMOS Entrance to the Los Alamos "Tech Area" ESTABLISHING LOS ALAMOS (Los Alamos: Laboratory, 1942-1943) Events > Bringing it All Together, 1942-1945 Establishing Los Alamos, 1942-1943 Early Bomb Design, 1943-1944 Basic Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944 Implosion Becomes a Necessity, 1944 Oak Ridge and Hanford Come Through, 1944-1945 Final Bomb Design, 1944-1945 Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945 Espionage and the Manhattan Project, 1940-1945 Map of Los Alamos, New Mexico. The final link in the Manhattan Project's far-flung network was the bomb research and development laboratory at Los Alamos, located in the mountains of northern New Mexico. Codenamed "Project Y," the laboratory that designed and fabricated the first atomic bombs began to take shape in spring 1942 when James Conant suggested to Vannevar Bush that the Office of Scientific and Research Development and the Army form a committee to study bomb development. Bush agreed and forwarded the recommendation to Vice President Henry Wallace, Secretary of War Henry Stimson, and General George Marshall (the Top Policy Group). By the time of his appointment in late September, Leslie Groves had orders to set up a committee to study military applications of the bomb. Meanwhile, sentiment was growing among the Manhattan Project scientists that research on the bomb project needed to be better coordinated. Robert Oppenheimer, among others, advocated a central facility where theoretical and experimental work could be conducted according to standard scientific protocols. This would insure accuracy and speed progress. Oppenheimer suggested that the bomb design laboratory operate secretly in an isolated area but allow free exchange of ideas among the scientists on the staff. Groves accepted Oppenheimer's suggestion and began seeking an appropriate location. By the end of the year, they had settled on an unlikely site for the laboratory: an isolated boys' school on a mesa high in the Jemez Mountains (map at left).

127

Manhattan Project: Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, 1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Ernest Lawrence, Arthur Compton, Vannevar Bush, James Conant, Karl Compton, and Alfred Loomis, Berkeley, 1940 DEBATE OVER HOW TO USE THE BOMB Ernest Lawrence, Arthur Compton, Vannevar Bush, James Conant, Karl Compton, and Alfred Loomis, Berkeley, 1940 DEBATE OVER HOW TO USE THE BOMB (Washington, D.C., Late Spring 1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 J. Robert Oppenheimer, Enrico Fermi, and Ernest Lawrence In early May 1945, Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson, with the approval of President Harry S. Truman, formed an Interim Committee of top officials charged with recommending the proper use of atomic weapons in wartime and developing a position for the United States on postwar atomic policy. Stimson headed the advisory group composed of Vannevar Bush, James Conant, Karl T. Compton, Under Secretary of the Navy Ralph A. Bard, Assistant Secretary of State William L. Clayton, and future Secretary of State James F. Byrnes. Robert Oppenheimer, Enrico Fermi, Arthur Compton, and Ernest Lawrence served as scientific advisors (the Scientific Panel), while General George Marshall represented the military. The committee met on May 31 and then again the next day with leaders from the business side of the Manhattan Project, including Walter S. Carpenter of DuPont, James C. White of Tennessee Eastman, George H. Bucher of Westinghouse, and James A. Rafferty of Union Carbide.

128

Manhattan Project: Basic Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Norris Bradbury, Robert Oppenheimer, Richard Feynman, Enrico Fermi, and others, Los Alamos, 1946 BASIC RESEARCH AT LOS ALAMOS Norris Bradbury, Robert Oppenheimer, Richard Feynman, Enrico Fermi, and others, Los Alamos, 1946 BASIC RESEARCH AT LOS ALAMOS (Los Alamos: Laboratory, 1943-1944) Events > Bringing It All Together, 1942-1945 Establishing Los Alamos, 1942-1943 Early Bomb Design, 1943-1944 Basic Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944 Implosion Becomes a Necessity, 1944 Oak Ridge and Hanford Come Through, 1944-1945 Final Bomb Design, 1944-1945 Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945 Espionage and the Manhattan Project, 1940-1945 Enrico Fermi The first few months at Los Alamos were occupied with briefings on nuclear physics for the technical staff and with planning research priorities and organizing the laboratory. Leslie Groves called once again on Warren Lewis to head a committee, this time to evaluate the Los Alamos program. The committee's recommendations resulted in the coordinated effort envisioned by those who advocated a unified laboratory for bomb research. Enrico Fermi (left) took control of critical mass experiments and standardization of measurement Hans Bethe techniques. Plutonium purification work, begun at the Met Lab, became high priority at Los Alamos, and increased attention was paid to metallurgy. The committee also recommended that an engineering division be organized to collaborate with physicists on bomb design and fabrication. The laboratory was thus organized into four divisions: theoretical (Hans A. Bethe, right); experimental physics (Robert F. Bacher); chemistry and metallurgy (Joseph W. Kennedy); and ordnance (Navy Captain William S. "Deke" Parsons). Like other Manhattan Project installations, Los Alamos soon began to expand beyond initial expectations.

129

Paradigm Shifts in Heart-Failure Therapy A Timeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...our understanding of heart failure to a level unimaginable today. Heart-Failure Therapy Articles in the New England Journal of Medicine. 1986. V-HeFT I. Cohn JN, Archibald DG, Ziesche S, et al. Effect of vasodilator therapy on mortality in chronic congestive heart failure. 314:1547-52. 1987. CONSENSUS... As we enter a new era of treatment for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, historical perspective is provided in a timeline (at NEJM.org) of 26 randomized, controlled trials in heart-failure treatment that have been published in the Journal since 1986.

Sacks C.A.Jarcho J.A.Curfman G.D.

2014-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

130

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11 TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: TA-1 MANHATTAN LABORATORY (NM.11 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Main Technical Area LASL LANL NM.11-1 NM.11-2 NM.11-3 Location: Los Alamos , New Mexico NM.11-3 Evaluation Year: 1985 NM.11-1 Site Operations: Nuclear weapons research and development. NM.11-1 NM.11-3 Site Disposition: Site Disposition NM.11-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium , Plutonium, Fission Products NM.11-1 NM.11-3 Radiological Survey(s): Yes NM.11-2 NM.11-3 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP NM.11-1 Also see Documents Related to TA-1 MANHATTAN LABORATORY NM.11-1 - DOE Memorandum/Checklist; Jones to File; Subject:

131

Special Resource Study/Environmental Assessment for Manhattan Project Sites, DOE/EA-1868 (September 2010)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The purpose of this study is to comply with the Manhattan Project National Historical Park Study Act (Public Law 108-340), passed in 2004, which directed the Secretary of the Interior to conduct a...

132

A machine learning model of Manhattan air pollution at high spatial resolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A machine-learning model was created to predict air pollution at high spatial resolution in Manhattan, New York using taxi trip data. Urban air pollution increases morbidity and mortality through respiratory and cardiovascular ...

Keeler, Rachel H. (Rachel Heiden)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Stratigraphy, structural geology and metamorphism of the Inwood Marble Formation, northern Manhattan, NYC, NY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of recrystallized dolomite and subordinate calcite marble the Inwood Marble was used for quarrying and mineral of northern Manhattan and by the late 1700s commercial quarries were in full operation. This work continued

Merguerian, Charles

134

UNITED STATE% ENGINEER OFFICE I" RaCLI MANHATTAN D' ISTRICT  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

A-; . - .-.. w-1 - ,.. P..*e ,e.arzUE.m -JuTm-&a- . . . UNITED STATE% ENGINEER OFFICE I" RaCLI MANHATTAN D' ISTRICT RLFSR TO ; I. 0. eox a ,. STATJON J N E W YORK, N....

135

PROJECT DESCRIPTION PROJECT TIMELINE PROJECT COSTS FUNDING SOURCE 1 Akers Hall, originally constructed in 1964, requires major  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROJECT DESCRIPTION PROJECT TIMELINE PROJECT COSTS FUNDING SOURCE 1 Akers Hall TIMELINE PROJECT COSTS FUNDING SOURCE 2 Olin Health Center is a 105,000 squarefoot medical center DESCRIPTION PROJECT TIMELINE PROJECT COSTS FUNDING SOURCE 3 Munn Ice Arena HVAC Upgrades and Ice

136

NTS_History.indd  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Atmospheric Nuclear Atmospheric Nuclear Weapons Testing 1951 - 1963 Battlefi eld of the Cold War The Nevada Test Site United States Department of Energy Volume I Of related interest: Origins of the Nevada Test Site by Terrence R. Fehner and F. G. Gosling The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb * by F. G. Gosling The United States Department of Energy: A Summary History, 1977 - 1994 * by Terrence R. Fehner and Jack M. Holl * Copies available from the U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave. S.W., Washington, DC 20585 Attention: Offi ce of History and Heritage Resources Telephone: 301-903-5431 DOE/MA-0003 Terrence R. Fehner & F. G. Gosling Offi ce of History and Heritage Resources Executive Secretariat Offi ce of Management Department of Energy September 2006 Battlefi eld of the Cold War

137

Manhattan Project: The Navy and Thermal Diffusion, 1944  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Diffusion columns, S-50 Thermal Diffusion Plant, Oak Ridge, 1945. THE NAVY AND THERMAL DIFFUSION Diffusion columns, S-50 Thermal Diffusion Plant, Oak Ridge, 1945. THE NAVY AND THERMAL DIFFUSION (Oak Ridge: Clinton, 1944) Events > The Uranium Path to the Bomb, 1942-1944 Y-12: Design, 1942-1943 Y-12: Construction, 1943 Y-12: Operation, 1943-1944 Working K-25 into the Mix, 1943-1944 The Navy and Thermal Diffusion, 1944 As problems with both Y-12 and K-25 reached crisis proportions in spring and summer 1944, the Manhattan Project received help from an unexpected source: the United States Navy. President Roosevelt had instructed that the atomic bomb effort be an Army program and that the Navy be excluded from deliberations. Navy research on atomic power, conducted primarily for submarines, received no direct aid from Leslie Groves, who, in fact, was not up-to-date on the state of Navy efforts when he received a letter on the subject from Robert Oppenheimer late in April 1944.

138

Manhattan Project: Operation Crossroads, Bikini Atoll, July 1946  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Crossroads Baker, Bikini Atoll, July 25, 1946 OPERATION CROSSROADS Crossroads Baker, Bikini Atoll, July 25, 1946 OPERATION CROSSROADS (Bikini Atoll, July 1946) Events > Postscript -- The Nuclear Age, 1945-present Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present Even after the Trinity test and the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, military officials still knew far less than they would have liked about the effects, especially on naval targets, of nuclear weapons. Accordingly, the Joint Chiefs of Staff requested and received presidential approval to conduct a series of tests during summer 1946. Vice Admiral W. H. P. Blandy, head of the test series task force, proposed calling the series Operation "Crossroads." "It was apparent," he noted, "that warfare, perhaps civilization itself, had been brought to a turning point by this revolutionary weapon."

139

Manhattan Project: The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 THE ATOMIC BOMBING OF NAGASAKI Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 THE ATOMIC BOMBING OF NAGASAKI (Nagasaki, Japan, August 9, 1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 The next break in the weather over Japan was due to appear just three days after the attack on Hiroshima, to be followed by at least five more days of prohibitive weather. The plutonium implosion bomb, nicknamed "Fat Man," was rushed into readiness to take advantage of this window. No further orders were required for the attack. Truman's order of July 25th had authorized the dropping of additional bombs as soon as they were ready. At 3:47 a.m. on August 9, 1945, a B-29 named Bock's Car lifted off from Tinian and headed toward the primary target: Kokura Arsenal, a massive collection of war industries adjacent to the city of Kokura.

140

Manhattan Project: Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Japanese envoys arrive on board the U.S.S. Missouri for the surrender ceremony, Tokyo Bay, September 2, 1945. JAPAN SURRENDERS Japanese envoys arrive on board the U.S.S. Missouri for the surrender ceremony, Tokyo Bay, September 2, 1945. JAPAN SURRENDERS (August 10-15, 1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 Prior to the atomic attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, elements existed within the Japanese government that were trying to find a way to end the war. In June and July 1945, Japan attempted to enlist the help of the Soviet Union to serve as an intermediary in negotiations. No direct communication occurred with the United States about peace talks, but American leaders knew of these maneuvers because the United States for a long time had been intercepting and decoding many internal Japanese diplomatic communications. From these intercepts, the United States learned that some within the Japanese government advocated outright surrender. A few diplomats overseas cabled home to urge just that.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Manhattan Project: The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 THE ATOMIC BOMBING OF HIROSHIMA Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 THE ATOMIC BOMBING OF HIROSHIMA (Hiroshima, Japan, August 6, 1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 In the early morning hours of August 6, 1945, a B-29 bomber named Enola Gay took off from the island of Tinian and headed north by northwest toward Japan. The bomber's primary target was the city of Hiroshima, located on the deltas of southwestern Honshu Island facing the Inland Sea. Hiroshima had a civilian population of almost 300,000 and was an important military center, containing about 43,000 soldiers.

142

Manhattan Project: Bringing it All Together, 1942-1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Eric Jette, Charles Critchfield, and J. Robert Oppenheimer, Los Alamos BRINGING IT ALL TOGETHER Eric Jette, Charles Critchfield, and J. Robert Oppenheimer, Los Alamos BRINGING IT ALL TOGETHER (1942-1945) Events > Bringing It All Together, 1942-1945 Establishing Los Alamos, 1942-1943 Early Bomb Design, 1943-1944 Basic Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944 Implosion Becomes a Necessity, 1944 Oak Ridge and Hanford Come Through, 1944-1945 Final Bomb Design, 1944-1945 Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945 Espionage and the Manhattan Project, 1940-1945 No matter how much enriched uranium and plutonium might be produced at Oak Ridge and Hanford, it would all come to nothing if workable weapon designs could not be developed in time. To this end, in late 1942 Leslie Groves established a bomb research and development laboratory at Los Alamos in the remote mountains of northern New Mexico. The early work at Los Alamos concentrated primarily on defining the problems that needed to be solved. Basic research on a variety of theoretical issues continued throughout 1943. By 1944, it had become clear that, while a simple and reliable "gun-type" design could be used for a uranium bomb, the considerably more complicated implosion method would be required to produce a plutonium weapon. With the successful Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer Allied landings in France on "D-Day," June 6, 1944, the war in Europe appeared to be entering its final phase. Germany ceased to be the primary intended target. General Groves and his advisers turned their sights on Japan, and the rush was on to complete the atomic bomb in time to end the war in the Pacific.

143

Manhattan Project: Implosion Becomes a Necessity, Los Alamos, 1944  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Implosion IMPLOSION BECOMES A NECESSITY Implosion IMPLOSION BECOMES A NECESSITY (Los Alamos: Laboratory, 1944) Events > Bringing It All Together, 1942-1945 Establishing Los Alamos, 1942-1943 Early Bomb Design, 1943-1944 Basic Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944 Implosion Becomes a Necessity, 1944 Oak Ridge and Hanford Come Through, 1944-1945 Final Bomb Design, 1944-1945 Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945 Espionage and the Manhattan Project, 1940-1945 An early implosion experiment, Los Alamos, 1944 Because the gun-type bomb design seemed so simple and practical, Deke Parsons had assigned implosion studies a low priority and placed the emphasis on the more familiar artillery method. Consequently, Seth H. Neddermeyer performed his early implosion tests in relative obscurity. Neddermeyer found it difficult to achieve symmetrical implosions at the low velocities he had achieved. When the Princeton mathematician John von Neumann, a Hungarian refugee, visited Los Alamos late in 1943, he suggested that high-speed assembly and high velocities would prevent predetonation and achieve more symmetrical explosions. A relatively small, subcritical mass could be placed under so much pressure by a symmetrical implosion that an efficient detonation would occur. Less fissionable material would be required, bombs could be ready earlier, and extreme purification of plutonium would be unnecessary. Von Neumann's theories excited Robert Oppenheimer, who assigned Parsons's deputy, George B. Kistiakowsky, the task of perfecting implosion techniques. (Kistiakowsky would later become President Dwight D. Eisenhower's science adviser.) Because Parsons and Neddermeyer did not get along, it was Kistiakowsky who worked with the scientists on the implosion project.

144

Manhattan Project: The Cold War, 1945-1990  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

West Berliner talks to the East, Berlin Wall, November 1962 THE COLD WAR West Berliner talks to the East, Berlin Wall, November 1962 THE COLD WAR (1945-1990) Events > Postscript -- The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present Joseph Stalin (with Vyacheslav Molotov), February 1945 The postwar organization of atomic energy took place against the backdrop of growing tension with the Soviet Union. Relations between the United States and the Soviet Union had been strained ever since the revolution of 1917 had first brought communists to power in Russia. This mutual distrust further deepened following the Soviet "non-aggression" treaty with Nazi Germany in August 1939 and the Soviet Union's subsequent invasions of Poland, Finland, and the Baltic Republics. Although Britain was allied with the Soviet Union following Germany's June 1941 invasion of Russia, as was the United States in the aftermath of Pearl Harbor, mutual suspicion lingered throughout the Second World War. The failure of the United States and Britain to tell the Soviet Union about the atomic bomb in anything other than the most vague terms only heightened the extreme suspicions of the Soviet dictator, Joseph Stalin (right). Not only did the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki help end the Second World War, but they also played a role in setting the stage for the half-century of conflict with the Soviet Union that followed it -- the Cold War.

145

Manhattan Project: The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Trinity test, July 16, 1945 THE TRINITY TEST Trinity test, July 16, 1945 THE TRINITY TEST (Trinity Test Site, July 16, 1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 Bunker at S-10,000 Until the atomic bomb could be tested, doubt would remain about its effectiveness. The world had never seen a nuclear explosion before, and estimates varied widely on how much energy would be released. Some scientists at Los Alamos continued privately to have doubts that it would work at all. There was only enough weapons-grade uranium available for one bomb, and confidence in the gun-type design was high, so on July 14, 1945, most of the uranium bomb ("Little Boy") began its trip westward to the Pacific without its design having ever been fully tested. A test of the plutonium bomb seemed vital, however, both to confirm its novel implosion design and to gather data on nuclear explosions in general. Several plutonium bombs were now "in the pipeline" and would be available over the next few weeks and months. It was therefore decided to test one of these.

146

Manhattan Project: Hanford Becomes Operational, 1943-1944  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

F Reactor Plutonium Production Complex at Hanford, 1945 HANFORD BECOMES OPERATIONAL F Reactor Plutonium Production Complex at Hanford, 1945 HANFORD BECOMES OPERATIONAL (Hanford Engineer Works, 1943-1944) Events > The Plutonium Path to the Bomb, 1942-1944 Production Reactor (Pile) Design, 1942 DuPont and Hanford, 1942 CP-1 Goes Critical, December 2, 1942 Seaborg and Plutonium Chemistry, 1942-1944 Final Reactor Design and X-10, 1942-1943 Hanford Becomes Operational, 1943-1944 The plutonium production facilities at the Hanford Engineer Works took shape with the same wartime urgency as did the uranium facilities at Oak Ridge. In February 1943, Colonel Matthias returned to the location he had helped select the previous December and set up a temporary headquarters. In late March, Matthias received his assignment. The three water-cooled production reactor (piles), designated by the letters B, D, and F, would be built about six miles apart on the south bank of the Columbia River. The four chemical separation plants would be built in pairs at two sites nearly ten miles south of the piles. A facility to produce slugs and perform tests would be approximately twenty miles southeast of the separation plants near Richland. Temporary quarters for construction workers would be put up at the Hanford town site, while permanent facilities for other personnel would be located down the road in Richland, safely removed from the production and separation plants. Life at Hanford would soon come to resemble that of the other "atomic boomtowns" of the Manhattan Project, Los Alamos and Oak Ridge.

147

EA-1782: Avian and Bat Surveillance and Assessment Plan Timeline and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

82: Avian and Bat Surveillance and Assessment Plan Timeline 82: Avian and Bat Surveillance and Assessment Plan Timeline and Deliverables EA-1782: Avian and Bat Surveillance and Assessment Plan Timeline and Deliverables Avian and Bat Surveillance and Assessment Plan Timeline and Deliverables The University of Delaware, College of Earth Ocean and Environment (hereinafter CEOE) has constructed a 2MW Gamesa G90 Wind Turbine immediately adjacent to the College's Lewes, Delaware campus. Prior to construction of the turbine, CEOE commissioned an evaluation of the impact of a single turbine in the dredge spoil area adjacent to our campus. The conclusion of that evaluation was that "impacts are likely to be minimal and not biologically significant." (Phase I Avian Risk Assessment, Kerlinger and Guarnaccia, January 2010, incorporated as Appendix D to DOE

148

Mound History and Information  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Mound Site History and Information Mound Site History and Information The Mound site, formerly known as the Mound Plant or Facility, takes its name from a nearby Na- tive American burial mound. The 306 acre facility is sited on a hill in the center of Miamisburg, Ohio. Construction of the Mound Plant began in 1946, and the site became operational in 1949. Mound, the nation's first post-war U.S. Atomic Energy Commission site to be constructed, was established to consolidate and continue the work conducted at the Dayton Units for the Manhattan Project. Much of the work at the Mound Plant during the Cold War involved production of the polonium- beryllium initiators used in early atomic weapons and the manufacture of and research related to ra- dionuclides. In the 1950s, the facility began to

149

Our History | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

History History Our History Elk Hills Naval Petroleum Reserve Circa 1920s Elk Hills Naval Petroleum Reserve Circa 1920s The Office of Fossil Energy has the longest directly-traceable history of any organization in the Department of Energy. While the nuclear energy program can look back to the Manhattan Project of World War II for its origins, the Federal Government's involvement in fossil fuel resources began several decades earlier, in the early 1900s. Oil Dominates Early Concerns The U.S.S. Colorado, Maryland, and West Virginia off the coast of California during the 1920's. The West Virginia was one of the first oil-burning ships. Much as today, petroleum was a major concern for the Federal Government at the start of the 20th century. Barely 50 years after the birth of the

150

Organization Timeline (1947-Present) | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Organization Timeline (1947-Present) Organization Timeline (1947-Present) OSTI Directors Timeline, 1994 to 1997 1984 DOE/OSTI 1977 DOE/TIC 1975 ERDA/TIC 1972 AEC/TIC 1962 AEC/DTIE 1960 AEC/OTIE 1956 AEC/TISE 1951 AEC/TIS 1948 AEC/TID 1947 ORO/TID Names and administrations may come and go, but the foundation of OSTI's mission has remained the same: to advance science by making R&D findings available and useful to advance discovery. Oak Ridge Directed Operations (ORO) U.S. President Manager Name 1947 Truman Thompson Technical Information Division (TID) U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) U.S. President Manager Name 1948 Truman Boardman Technical Information Division (TID) 1951 Truman Boardman/Abdian Technical Information Service (TIS) 1953 Eisenhower Abdian Technical Information Service (TIS)

151

Labs and Field Site Histories | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Historical Resources » Labs Historical Resources » Labs and Field Site Histories Labs and Field Site Histories Labs and Field Site Histories Note: Every effort is made to keep these links current and updated. Yet as many of the links below point to sites not under our direct control, some may stop working without warning . National Laboratories & Technology Centers Operations Offices & Field Sites Ames Laboratory (Iowa) -- History Chicago Office (Illinois) -- History Argonne National Laboratory (Illinois) -- Laboratory History and Timeline Fernald Environmental Management Project (Ohio) -- Site History Brookhaven National Laboratory (New York) -- Tour Brookhaven's History Grand Junction (Colorado) -- Site Description and History (pdf - less than 1MB) Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Illinois) -- History Idaho Operations Office (Idaho) -- Site History

152

Mitigation of Selected Hanford Site Manhattan Project and Cold War Era Artifacts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is the first time that Manhattan Project and Cold War era artifacts from the Hanford Site have been assembled within a publication. The publication presents photographic and written documentation of a number of Manhattan Project and Cold War era artifacts that were identified and tagged during assessment walk throughs of historic buildings on the Hanford Site but which could not be curated within the Hanford collection because they were too large for long-term storage and/or exhibit purposes or were radiologically contaminated. The significance of the artifacts in this publication and a proposed future appendix is based not on the individual significance of any single artifact but on their collective contribution to the science and engineering of creating plutonium and advancing nuclear technology in nuclear fuel and power.

Kennedy, Ellen P.; Harvey, David W.

2006-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

153

Manhattan Project: Oak Ridge and Hanford Come Through, 1944-1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Y-12 Plant, Oak Ridge, 1944 OAK RIDGE AND HANFORD COME THROUGH Y-12 Plant, Oak Ridge, 1944 OAK RIDGE AND HANFORD COME THROUGH (Oak Ridge [Clinton] and Hanford, 1944-1945) Events > Bringing It All Together, 1942-1945 Establishing Los Alamos, 1942-1943 Early Bomb Design, 1943-1944 Basic Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944 Implosion Becomes a Necessity, 1944 Oak Ridge and Hanford Come Through, 1944-1945 Final Bomb Design, 1944-1945 Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945 Espionage and the Manhattan Project, 1940-1945 None of Los Alamos's bomb design work would be of any use if Oak Ridge or Hanford did not come through with enough uranium-235 or plutonium for at least one bomb. Spending on the Manhattan Project reached $100 million per month by mid-1944, yet it was still far from clear that enough of either fissionable substance could be produced before war's end. In the summer of 1944, Oak Ridge's Y-12 Electromagnetic Plant (above) was plagued by operational problems, and the ongoing barrier crisis at the K-25 Gaseous Diffusion Plant threatened to render it useless. At Hanford, the first production reactor had not yet been completed. In addition, officials feared that not enough of the uranium-containing slugs to feed the pile would be available. Even assuming that enough uranium or plutonium could be delivered by Oak Ridge or Hanford, there was no guarantee that the Los Alamos laboratory would be able to design and fabricate weapons in time. Only the most optimistic in the Manhattan Project would have predicted, as Groves did when he met with Marshall in August of 1944, that a bomb or bombs powerful enough to make a difference in the current war would be ready by August 1, 1945.

154

Chapter 8 - The history of nuclear energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter reviews the history related to nuclear energy beginning with scientific investigations in the late 1800s that led to the discovery of subatomic particles and both atomic and nuclear structure. Those research efforts spawned the discovery of fission. The Manhattan Project to develop an atomic bomb then accelerated the knowledge base of nuclear phenomena. After World War II, the Atomic Energy Commission was established and later the International Atomic Energy Agency. Research and development efforts led to the deployment of the first nuclear power plants. This chapter ends by addressing the controversies surrounding nuclear energy in the late twentieth century.

Raymond L. Murray; Keith E. Holbert

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Manhattan Project: Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Werner Heisenberg, the leader of the German atomic weapons program. ATOMIC RIVALS AND THE ALSOS MISSION Werner Heisenberg, the leader of the German atomic weapons program. ATOMIC RIVALS AND THE ALSOS MISSION (Germany and Japan, 1938-1945) Events > Bringing It All Together, 1942-1945 Establishing Los Alamos, 1942-1943 Early Bomb Design, 1943-1944 Basic Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944 Implosion Becomes a Necessity, 1944 Oak Ridge and Hanford Come Through, 1944-1945 Final Bomb Design, 1944-1945 Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945 Espionage and the Manhattan Project, 1940-1945 For most of the Second World War, scientists and administrators of the Manhattan Project firmly believed that they were in a race with Germany to develop the atomic bomb. As it turns out, the German atomic program did not come close to developing a useable weapon. Allied planners were only able to confirm this, however, through the ALSOS intelligence mission to Europe toward the end of the war. Atomic research was also conducted in Japan, but as was suspected by the Allies, it did not get very far.

156

Franklin Timeline  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

afterwards. Jun 23, 2010 HW and SW maintenance. Installed field notices. Installed DVS patch. Upgraded SSH, Moab, and nscd. Changed Torque configuration so that batch job stdout...

157

Size quantization effects in atomic level broadening near thin metallic films Macdonald Laboratory, Department of Physics, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas 66506-2601  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.R. ¡ Macdonald Laboratory, Department of Physics, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas 66506-2601 and Garden Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 P. Ku¨rpick* J.R. ¡ Macdonald Laboratory, Department

Thumm, Uwe

158

Manhattan Project: CP-1 Goes Critical, Met Lab, December 2, 1942  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Painting of CP-1 going critical CP-1 GOES CRITICAL Painting of CP-1 going critical CP-1 GOES CRITICAL (Met Lab, December 2, 1942) Events > The Plutonium Path to the Bomb, 1942-1944 Production Reactor (Pile) Design, 1942 DuPont and Hanford, 1942 CP-1 Goes Critical, December 2, 1942 Seaborg and Plutonium Chemistry, 1942-1944 Final Reactor Design and X-10, 1942-1943 Hanford Becomes Operational, 1943-1944 While arrangements were proceeding for the construction of full-size plutonium production reactors, critical questions remained about their basic design. The Italian physicist Enrico Fermi hoped to answer some of these questions with CP-1, his experimental "Chicago Pile #1" at the University of Chicago. On December 2, 1942, after a series of frustrating delays, CP-1 first achieved a self-sustaining fission chain reaction. After the end of the war, Leslie Groves, commander of the Manhattan Project, described the first time CP-1 went critical as the single most important scientific event in the development of atomic power.

159

History | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

History History New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) NBL Home About Organization Chart .pdf file (189KB) Points of Contact (POCs) History Directions Jobs Programs Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Training Categorical Exclusion Determinations News Contact Information New Brunswick Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy Building 350 9800 South Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439-4899 P: (630) 252-2442 (NBL) P: (630) 252-2767 (CRM sales) F: (630) 252-6256 E: usdoe.nbl@ch.doe.gov About History Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page NBL was established by the Atomic Energy Commission in 1949 in New Brunswick, NJ. It was initially staffed by scientists from the National Bureau of Standards that had contributed to the measurement science of nuclear materials for the Manhattan Project. NBL's initial mission was to

160

History | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

History History About Organization Budget Field Offices Federal Advisory Committees History Former Directors Scientific and Technical Information Honors & Awards Jobs Brochures, Logos, & Information Resources Contact Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 History Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Origins The origins of the Office of Science trace to the Manhattan Project. The all-out effort to create the world's first nuclear weapon created a vast research and development apparatus under the control of the War Department's Army Corps of Engineers. The classified nature and sprawling logistical and technical demands of this work created large, multi-purpose facilities that became the nation's first national laboratories.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Beam History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Beam History Print Beamline History Request Form To request a beam current histograph from the ALS storage ring beam histograph database, select the year, month, and day, then...

162

Beam History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Beam Status Beam History Print Beamline History Request Form To request a beam current histograph from the ALS storage ring beam histograph database, select the year, month, and...

163

Manhattan Project: Early Bomb Design, Los Alamos: Laboratory, 1943-1944  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Little Boy at Tinian Island, August 1945 EARLY BOMB DESIGN Little Boy at Tinian Island, August 1945 EARLY BOMB DESIGN (Los Alamos: Laboratory, 1943-1944) Events > Bringing it All Together, 1942-1945 Establishing Los Alamos, 1942-1943 Early Bomb Design, 1943-1944 Basic Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944 Implosion Becomes a Necessity, 1944 Oak Ridge and Hanford Come Through, 1944-1945 Final Bomb Design, 1944-1945 Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945 Espionage and the Manhattan Project, 1940-1945 Early work on the design of the atomic bomb began even as scientists continued to arrive at Los Alamos throughout 1943. The properties of uranium were reasonably well understood, those of plutonium less so, and knowledge of fission explosions entirely theoretical. That 2.2 secondary neutrons were produced when uranium-235 fissioned was accepted, but while Glenn Seaborg's team had proven in March 1941 that plutonium underwent neutron-induced fission, it was not known yet if plutonium released secondary neutrons during bombardment. Further, the exact sizes of the "cross sections" of various fissionable substances had yet to be determined in experiments using the various particle accelerators then being shipped to Los Alamos. The theoretical consensus was that fission Fission chain reaction chain reactions (left) did take place with sufficient speed to produce powerful releases of energy (and not simply result in the explosion of the critical mass itself), but only experiments could test this theory. The optimum size of the critical mass remained to be established, as did the optimum shape. When enough data were gathered to establish optimum critical mass, optimum effective mass still had to be determined. That is, it was not enough simply to start a chain reaction in a critical mass; it was necessary to start one in a mass that would release the greatest possible amount of energy before it was destroyed in the explosion.

164

Background report for the formerly utilized Manhattan Engineer District/Atomic Energy Commission sites program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy is conducting a program to determine radiological conditions at sites formerly used by the Army Corps of Engineers' Manhattan Engineer District and the Atomic Energy Commission in the early years of nuclear energy development. Also included in the program are sites used in the Los Alamos plutonium development program and the Trinity atomic bomb test site. Materials, equipment, buildings, and land became contaminated, primarily with naturally occurring radioactive nuclides. They were later decontaminated in accordance with the standards and survey methods in use at that time. Since then, however, radiological criteria, and proposed guidelines for release of such sites for unrestricted use have become more stringent as research on the effects of low-level radiation has progressed. In addition, records documenting some of these decontamination efforts cannot be found, and the final radiological conditions of the sites could not be adequately determined from the records. As a result, the Formerly Utilized Sites Program was initiated in 1974 to identify these formerly used sites and to reevaluate their radiological status. This report covers efforts through June 1980 to determine the radiological status of sites for which the existing conditions could not be clearly defined. Principal contractor facilities and associated properties have already been identified and activities are continuing to identify additional sites. Any new sites located will probably be subcontractor facilities and areas used for disposal of contractor waste or equipment; however, only limited information regarding this equipment and material has been collected to date. As additional information becomes available, supplemental reports will be published.

None

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Manhattan Project: Potsdam and the Final Decision to Use the Bomb, July  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Joseph Stalin, Harry Truman, and Winston Churchill at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945 POTSDAM AND THE FINAL DECISION TO USE THE BOMB Joseph Stalin, Harry Truman, and Winston Churchill at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945 POTSDAM AND THE FINAL DECISION TO USE THE BOMB (Potsdam, Germany, July 1945) Events > Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945 The War Enters Its Final Phase, 1945 Debate Over How to Use the Bomb, Late Spring 1945 The Trinity Test, July 16, 1945 Safety and the Trinity Test, July 1945 Evaluations of Trinity, July 1945 Potsdam and the Final Decision to Bomb, July 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Japan Surrenders, August 10-15, 1945 The Manhattan Project and the Second World War, 1939-1945 Potsdam, July 19, 1945. Truman wrote a note on the back of the photograph in which he states incorrectly that Stalin did not know about the atomic bomb. After President Harry S. Truman received word of the success of the Trinity test, his need for the help of the Soviet Union in the war against Japan was greatly diminished. The Soviet leader, Joseph Stalin, had promised to join the war against Japan by August 15th. Truman and his advisors now were not sure they wanted this help. If use of the atomic bomb made victory possible without an invasion, then accepting Soviet help would only invite them into the discussions regarding the postwar fate of Japan. During the second week of Allied deliberations at Potsdam, on the evening of July 24, 1945, Truman approached Stalin without an interpreter and, as casually as he could, told him that the United States had a "new weapon of unusual destructive force." Stalin showed little interest, replying only that he hoped the United States would make "good use of it against the Japanese." The reason for Stalin's composure became clear later: Soviet intelligence had been receiving information about the atomic bomb program since fall 1941.

166

Manhattan Project: Final Bomb Design, Los Alamos: Laboratory, 1944-1945  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

The first 0.11 seconds of the nuclear age, Trinity, July 16, 1945. FINAL BOMB DESIGN The first 0.11 seconds of the nuclear age, Trinity, July 16, 1945. FINAL BOMB DESIGN (Los Alamos: Laboratory, 1944-1945) Events > Bringing It All Together, 1942-1945 Establishing Los Alamos, 1942-1943 Early Bomb Design, 1943-1944 Basic Research at Los Alamos, 1943-1944 Implosion Becomes a Necessity, 1944 Oak Ridge and Hanford Come Through, 1944-1945 Final Bomb Design, 1944-1945 Atomic Rivals and the ALSOS Mission, 1938-1945 Espionage and the Manhattan Project, 1940-1945 American troops approaching the beach, D-Day, June 6, 1944. Late in 1944, Los Alamos began to shift from research to development and bomb production. Increased production at Oak Ridge and Hanford seemed to promise that enough plutonium and enriched uranium would be available for at least one bomb using each. Germany no longer was the intended primary target. The war in Europe (left) appeared to be entering its final phase, and evidence uncovered by the ALSOS mission in November 1944 indicated that the German atomic program had not gone beyond the research phase. Already by summer 1944, Groves and his advisers had turned their sights toward Japan. The atomic bomb would justify the years of effort, including both the vast expenditures and the judgment of everyone responsible, by bringing the war in the Pacific to a fiery end. J. Robert Oppenheimer Ongoing problems continued to complicate the efforts of Robert Oppenheimer (right) to finalize bomb design. Foremost among these were continuing personnel shortages, particularly of physicists, and supply difficulties. The procurement system, designed to protect the secrecy of the Los Alamos project, led to frustrating delays and, when Herb Lehr, SED, holding the Gadget's core, July 1945. combined with persistent late war shortages, proved a constant headache. The lack of contact between the remote laboratory and its supply sources exacerbated the problem, as did the relative lack of experience the academic scientists had with logistical matters. Leslie Groves and James Conant were determined not to let mundane problems compromise the bomb effort, and in fall 1944 they made several changes to prevent this possibility. Conant shipped as many scientists as could be spared from the Met Lab and Oak Ridge to Los Alamos, hired every civilian machinist he could lay his hands on, and arranged for Army enlisted men to supplement the work force (these GIs were known as SEDS ("Special Engineering Detachment"). Hartley Rowe, an experienced industrial engineer, provided help in easing the transition from research to production. Los Alamos also arranged for a rocket research team at the California Institute of Technology to aid in procurement, test fuses, and contribute to component development. These changes kept Los Alamos on track as design work reached its final stages.

167

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY The Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977 created one the most interesting and diverse agencies in the Federal government. Activated on October 1, 1977, the twelfth cabinet-level department brought together for the first time within one agency two programmatic traditions that had long coexisted within the Federal establishment: 1) defense responsibilities that included the design, construction, and testing of nuclear weapons dating from the Manhattan Project effort to build the atomic bomb, and 2) a loosely knit amalgamation of energy-related programs scattered throughout the Federal government. DOE's Two Programmatic Traditions

168

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY The Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977 created one the most interesting and diverse agencies in the Federal government. Activated on October 1, 1977, the twelfth cabinet-level department brought together for the first time within one agency two programmatic traditions that had long coexisted within the Federal establishment: 1) defense responsibilities that included the design, construction, and testing of nuclear weapons dating from the Manhattan Project effort to build the atomic bomb, and 2) a loosely knit amalgamation of energy-related programs scattered throughout the Federal government. DOE's Two Programmatic Traditions

169

History Images  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

History Images History Images Los Alamos History in Images Los Alamos has a proud history and heritage of almost 70 years of science and innovation. The people of the Laboratory work on advanced technologies to provide the best scientific and engineering solutions to many of the nation's most crucial security challenges. Click thumbnails to enlarge. Photos arranged by most recent first, horizontal formats before vertical. See Flickr for more sizes and details. Back in the day Back in the day LA bridge in Los Alamos LA bridge in Los Alamos 1945 Army-Navy "E" Award 1945 Army-Navy "E" Award Louis Rosen Louis Rosen Bob Van Ness Robert Kuckuck and Michael Anastasio Bob Van Ness Robert Kuckuck and Michael Anastasio TA-18 TA-18 Elmer Island TU-4 assembly area Elmer Island TU-4 assembly area

170

Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the expansion history dark energy equation of state,and growth history constraints on the dark energy equationand growth history constraints on the dark energy equation

Linder, Eric V.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

NETL: History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

History History About NETL History Over the past century, fossil energy research and technology development has been advanced by NETL and its predecessor facilities as the energy needs of the Nation have grown and evolved. 1910 - The newly created Bureau of Mines in the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) opens the Pittsburgh Experiment Station in Bruceton, Pennsylvania, 12 miles south of Pittsburgh. The station includes an experimental coal mine and offers advanced training for coal operators and miners. Onsite research focuses on developing innovative coal-mining safety equipment and practices. 1918 - Following new discoveries of oil in Oklahoma and Texas, the Petroleum Experiment Station is established in Bartlesville, Oklahoma, as one of 17 DOI Bureau of Mines facilities under Public Law 283 (63rd Congress, 1915). The Station pursues systematic application of engineering and scientific methods to oil drilling, helping the early "boom and bust" oil industry create operating and safety standards.

172

NERSC History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

History History NERSC History Powering Scientific Discovery Since 1974 Contact: Jon Bashor, jbashor@lbl.gov, +1 510 486 4236 For more information, read "25 Years of Leadership," a historical perspective written at NERSC's quarter-century mark.⨠Download (PDF, 1.7MB) The oil crisis of 1973 did more than create long lines at the gas pumps - it jumpstarted a supercomputing revolution. The quest for alternative energy sources led to increased funding for the Department of Energy's Magnetic Fusion Energy program, and simulating the behavior of plasma in a fusion reactor required a computer center dedicated to this purpose. Founded in 1974 at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the Controlled Thermonuclear Research Computer Center was the first unclassified supercomputer center and was the model for those that

173

POLICY IMPLEMENTATION TIMELINE FOR AY '14 `15 The color system utilized below is a guide for threads of tasks (for example, everything that  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

8/19/14 POLICY IMPLEMENTATION TIMELINE FOR AY '14 �`15 The color system utilized below is a guide is in blue). Color key: Internal governance policy development Blue NTTF professional responsibility policy development Orange NTTF review and promotion Green TTF professional policy development/TTF promotion

174

use finance june 30 2014.htm[7/25/2014 12:03:12 PM] PROJECT DESCRIPTION PROJECT TIMELINE PROJECT COSTS FUNDING SOURCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by MSU in support of the DOE's mission. FRIB builds on MSU's leadership in nuclear physics developed DESCRIPTION PROJECT TIMELINE PROJECT COSTS FUNDING SOURCE 3 Clinical Center - C-Wing HVAC Replacement, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system and the conversion of space to procedure rooms is necessitated

175

Oral Histories: Physiologist Nello Pace, Ph.D.  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6 6 HUMAN RADIATION STUDIES: REMEMBERING THE EARLY YEARS Oral History of Physiologist Nello Pace, Ph.D. Conducted August 16, 1994 United States Department of Energy Office of Human Radiation Experiments June 1995 CONTENTS Foreword Short Biography Education at UC Berkeley (1932–40) and Medical College of Virginia (1940–41); Service in Naval Reserves Tritium Injection Experiments in Animals and Humans During WW II Hospitality to Manhattan Project Researchers Staying in Washington Return to UC Berkeley to Research and Teach Development of Medical Physics Degree Programs at UC Berkeley Conducting the First Radiation Survey at Nagasaki After the Bomb Censured by the Military for Underclassifying His Nagasaki Report Reflections on Shields Warren The Public's Attitudes Toward Radiation, Then and Now

176

Oral Histories: Radiobiologist Chet Richmond, Ph.D.  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7 7 HUMAN RADIATION STUDIES: REMEMBERING THE EARLY YEARS Oral History of Radiobiologist Chet Richmond, Ph.D. Conducted January 24, 1995 United States Department of Energy Office of Human Radiation Experiments August 1995 CONTENTS Foreword Short Biography Graduate Studies at the University of New Mexico and Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (1955–58) Research on Metabolic Kinetics of Radionuclides Accelerating the Turnover of Cesium With Prussian Blue (Circa 1960) Use of the Whole-Body Counter for Fallout Studies Physicians Customarily Attended During Intake of Radionuclides Follow-Up With GIs Exposed to Radiation in the Manhattan Project (Ongoing) Declassifying the Los Alamos Report on Plutonium Injections (1971) On Assignment to AEC Headquarters in Washington, D.C. (1969–71)

177

Manhattan Project: Final Approval to Build the Bomb, Washington, D.C.,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

President Roosevelt signs declaration of war with Japan, December 8, 1941. FINAL APPROVAL TO BUILD THE BOMB President Roosevelt signs declaration of war with Japan, December 8, 1941. FINAL APPROVAL TO BUILD THE BOMB (Washington, D.C., December 1942) Events > Difficult Choices, 1942 More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 Anxious as he was to get moving, Leslie Groves decided to make one final quality control check. On November 18, 1942, Groves appointed Warren K. Lewis of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to head a final review committee, comprised of himself and three DuPont representatives. During the final two weeks of November, the committee traveled from New York to Chicago to Berkeley and back again through Chicago. It endorsed the work on gaseous diffusion at Columbia, though it made some organizational recommendations; in fact, the Lewis committee advocated elevating gaseous diffusion to first priority and expressed reservations about the electromagnetic program despite an impassioned presentation by Ernest Lawrence in Berkeley. Upon returning to Chicago, Crawford H. Greenewalt, a member of the Lewis committee, was present at Stagg Field when CP-1 (Chicago Pile #1) first went critical. (For more on CP-1, skip ahead to "Early Pile Design, 1942.") Significant as this moment was in the history of physics, it came after the Lewis committee endorsed moving piles to the pilot stage and one day after Groves instructed DuPont to move into pile design and construction.

178

Revision History  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Revision History Revision History Rev. 0, August 2012 Original submittal for milestone M3FT-12SN0804032 (Sandia programmatic and classification review) Rev. 1, September 2012 Corrected transposition errors in costing tables; recalculated stainless steel overpacks to be carbon steel; corrected various editorial problems. (SAND2012-7979P) Rev. 2, November 2012 Performed peer review and retitled. Submittal for milestone M2FT-13SN0804031 (formerly milestone M2FT- 12SN0804031) (SAND2012-9737P) Unclassified Unlimited Release Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.

179

History - Cyclotron  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

History History Lawrence's original Cyclotron, for which he received a patent and the Nobel Prize. Lawrence's original cyclotron design was limited to energies where relativistic effects were not important. The third generation cyclotron included "sector-focusing" to allow higher energies to be obtained. The 88-Inch Cyclotron was based on Lawrence's design of a sector-focused cyclotron for the MTA project at Livermore. 1500 man-hours of work were necessary to assemble the trim coils which help regulate the strength and shape of the accelerator's magnetic field. Discussing the cyclotron magnet (seen in the background) are Dr. Elmer Kelly, physicist in charge of the 88-Inch Cyclotron and Warren Dexter, electrical coordinator for the cyclotron project.

180

Complexity in Big History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spier, Fred. How Big History Works: Energy Flows and RiseSmil, Vaclav. Energy in World History. Boulder, CO: Westviewkg) Energy and complexity Spier: Complexity in Big History.

Spier, Fred

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

OSTI History | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

OSTI History OSTI History Born in 1947 of General Leslie R. Groves' 1945 mandate to tell the American people about the formerly secret Manhattan Project and the development of the atomic bomb, the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, or OSTI, rapidly became home to one of the world's most comprehensive collections of energy-related information. Long before the Internet came along, OSTI advanced science by making research information widely available. OSTI annually responded to upwards of 50,000 requests for information and, during the 1977 "energy crisis," fielded more than 150,000 requests. Located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, OSTI operated one of the few Federal printing plants in the United States, and in 1948 began an almost 30-year production of the

182

Manhattan Project: Nagasaki  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

NAGASAKI IMAGES NAGASAKI IMAGES Nagasaki, Japan (August 9, 1945) Resources > Photo Gallery Aerial photographs of the mushroom cloud forming over Nagasaki, August 9, 1945. The photographs are courtesy the Federation of American Scientists, except for the last one, which is courtesy the Office of War Information (via the National Archives). Scroll down to see each image separately. At the bottom is an additional photograph similar to the fourth photograph, courtesy the Library of Congress. (Click here for a 1.9 MB .tif version of the this image.) First Nagasaki Cloud Photograph Second Nagasaki Cloud Photograph Third Nagasaki Cloud Photograph Fourth Nagasaki Cloud Photograph Mushroom Cloud over Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Mushroom Cloud over Nagasaki, August 9, 1945 Click on a link below to return to:

183

Manhattan Project: Blast  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Blast (Animation) Blast (Animation) Yucca Flat, Nevada (March 17, 1953) Resources > Photo Gallery Blast Animation The eight images above are a sequence of photographs of a house constructed 3,500 feet from "ground zero" at the Nevada Test Site being destroyed by the Annie test shot. The only source of light was the blast itself, detonated on March 17, 1953. The final image is two-and-one-third seconds after detonation. In the second image the house is actually on fire, but in the third image the fire has already been blown out by the blast. Annie, part of the "Upshot-Knothole" test series, had a yield of 16 kilotons, roughly the same size as the Trinity, Hiroshima, and Nagasaki explosions. Two photographs of the Annie mushroom cloud are at the bottom of this page.

184

Manhattan Project: Photo Gallery  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer PHOTO GALLERY Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer PHOTO GALLERY Resources Additional information is available regarding the following "animated gifs" and other photographs: Alpha Racetrack, Y-12 Berkeley Meeting The "Big House" Blast (Animation) Events Images First Atomic Energy Commissioners Fuller Lodge F Reactor Plutonium Production Complex Hiroshima Images Image Retouching Kasparov, Kamen, and Kheifits Los Alamos Scientists Los Alamos Street Scene "Met Lab" Alumni Nagasaki Images Nixon and the Atomic Pioneers People Images Places Images Potsdam Note "Rad Lab" Staff S-1 Committee San Ildefonso Pueblo Party Science Images Solvay Physics Conference Tech Area Gallery (Large) Tech Area Gallery (Small) Trinity Images Trinity (Color Photograph)

185

Manhattan Project: Places Images  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

PLACES IMAGES PLACES IMAGES Resources > Photo Gallery Scroll down to see each of these images individually. The images are: 1. Remains of a Shinto Shrine, Nagasaki, October 1945 (courtesy the United States Marine Corps, Lieutenant R. J. Battersby, photographer, via the National Archives); 2. University of California, Berkeley, 1940 (courtesy the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory); 3. Aerial photograph of the Trinity Site after the test (courtesy the Federation of American Scientists); 4. Aerial photograph of Hiroshima before the bombing; 5. Columbia University, 1903 (courtesy the Library of Congress; this photograph originated from the Detroit Publishing Company; it was a 1949 gift to the Library of Congress from the State Historical Society of Colorado).

186

Manhattan Project: Events Images  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Resources Resources About this Site How to Navigate this Site Library Maps Note on Sources Nuclear Energy and the Public's Right to Know Photo Gallery Site Map Sources and Notes Suggested Readings EVENTS IMAGES Resources > Photo Gallery Page Content Here Scroll down to see each of these images individually. The images are: 1. Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard (courtesy the Federation of American Scientists); 2. Painting of CP-1 going critical (courtesy the National Archives); 3. An Alpha Racetrack inside the Y-12 Electromagnetic Plant, Clinton Engineer Works, Oak Ridge, Tennessee; 4. Eric Jette, Charles Critchfield, and J. Robert Oppenheimer, Los Alamos, New Mexico (this photograph is reprinted from Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Los Alamos: Beginning of an Era, 1943-1945 (Los Alamos: Public Relations Office, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, ca. 1967-1971), 20);

187

Manhattan Project: Potsdam Note  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

POTSDAM NOTE POTSDAM NOTE Potsdam, Germany (July 1945) Resources > Photo Gallery Note written by President Harry S. Truman, in which he brags that Stalin did not understand when Truman hinted at Potsdam of a powerful new American weapon. (Scroll down to see the note.) Due to the success of Soviet espionage, however, Truman was incorrect-in fact, Stalin knew about the atomic bomb project three years before Truman did. Truman wrote this note on the back of a photograph of the Potsdam Conference taken on July 19, 1945. In the photograph Stalin talks with Truman and Secretary of State James Byrnes (both have their backs to the camera). The photograph of Potsdam is courtesy the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, War Department, U.S. Army; this image, and the photograph of Truman's writing on the back of it, are courtesy the National Archives.

188

Manhattan Project: Resources  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

web site, a number of additional resources are also provided: Reference Materials Maps Photo Gallery To Learn More Library Suggested Readings Background on this Site About this...

189

Archives and History Office: Oral History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Oral History Oral History Oral History Oral History interviews with SLAC staff and users have been conducted at SLAC and at other institutions by SLAC Archives and History Office staff and by others interested in the history of physics and computing. Information collected in these interviews supplements original correspondence and other primary source materials collected by the Archives and History Office. SLAC Interviews Interviews have been conducted by SLAC staff on an irregular basis, as resources have permitted. The Archives and History Office staff are currently working on a project to identify all past interview subjects, locate interview tapes and permission forms, and create interview transcripts. Our holdings contain tapes or transcripts of interviews with the following staff members and users:

190

ESnet IPv6 History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

History Engineering Services The Network OSCARS Fasterdata IPv6 Network IPv6 Implementation Checklist ESnet IPv6 Mirror Servers ESnet IPv6 History ESnet supports Sandia and APNIC...

191

Idaho National Laboratory History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Area Attractions and Events Area Geography Area History Area Links Driving Directions Idaho Falls Attractions and Events INL History INL Today Research Park Sagebrush Steppe...

192

Southeast Idaho History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Area Attractions and Events Area Geography Area History Area Links Driving Directions Idaho Falls Attractions and Events INL History INL Today Research Park Sagebrush Steppe...

193

timeline.cdr  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ORB recommended removal of all contaminated soil around processing buildings, catch tanks, and similar areas. In 1946, following these recommendations, the Kansas City District...

194

Conservation and Renewables Timeline  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CONSERVATION, RENEWABLES & RECs FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 1012008 1012009 1012010 1012011 1012012 1012013 1012014 1012015 By June 1,...

195

Timeline for Net Requirements  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

17.5 7302010 Yes Biennially x By July 31 of each Forecast Year, BPA publishes all Load Following customers' Net Requirements data for the two years of the upcoming Rate...

196

Timeline for Customer Choices  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

detail) 2008 - CONTRACT SIGNING * Core Purchase Obligation Choice (section 3 in body) o Load Following o Block (with or without Shaping Capacity) Choice of Monthly and Diurnal...

197

Atkinson Presidency Timeline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nanotechnology), San Diego (telecommunications and information technology), San Francisco (bioengineering, biotechnology, and quantitative medicine),

Atkinson, Richard

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Timeline | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Global Research Over Time From our earliest days, we've been changing the landscape in commercial science and technology. Explore our inventions' evolution. Home > Global Research...

199

Fermilab | Tevatron | Interactive Timeline  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tevatron Home Tevatron Home Looking Ahead For the Media Shutdown Event Previous Next Tevatron Milestones 1983-2011 Early Milestones Early events and milestones that helped make the Tevatron possible. January 1973 This image from 1983 shows a stockpile of Tevatron magnets before they were installed in the tunnel Fermilab establishes superconducting magnet R&D program April 8, 1977 Four-magnet string successfully energized Four-magnet string successfully energized July 5, 1979 Department of Energy authorizes Fermilab to build superconducting accelerator, later named the Tevatron Fermilab authorized to build superconducting accelerator, later named the Tevatron 1981 A staff member works on installation of the Energy Saver/Doubler, later named the Tevatron Installation of the first Tevatron magnet.

200

OIL & GAS HISTORY 1 History in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OIL & GAS HISTORY 1 History in California 4 Superior figures refer to references at the end of the essay. OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION California oil was always a valued commodity. When the Spanish explorers landed in California in the 1500s, they found Indians gathering asphaltum (very thick oil) from natural

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Oral Histories: Dr. John W. Gofman, M.D., Ph.D.  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7 7 HUMAN RADIATION STUDIES: REMEMBERING THE EARLY YEARS Oral History of Dr. John W. Gofman, M.D., Ph.D. Conducted December 20, 1994 United States Department of Energy Office of Human Radiation Experiments June 1995 CONTENTS Foreword Short Biography Oberlin College, Enrollment in Western Reserve Medical School To University of California, Berkeley to Study Physical Chemistry Assisting Seaborg's Research, Discovery of Uranium-233 The Manhattan Project From Research to Laboratory Production of Plutonium Joe Hamilton's Cavalier Approach to Radiation Medical Treatments With Radioactive Phosphorus (32P) Conflict Between University of California San Francisco and Berkeley Reflections on Ernest Lawrence Heart Disease Studies AEC Support for Heart Disease Studies Heparin and Lipoprotein Research With Human Subjects

202

The Laboratory at 70: A proud history, leaning forward to shape the future  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Director's Column Director's Column Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:Dec. 2013 - Jan. 2014 All Issues » submit The Laboratory at 70: A proud history, leaning forward to shape the future Seventy years ago, the U.S. Army and the University of California joined together to undertake perhaps the most influential effort of the 20th century: the Manhattan Project. February 1, 2013 dummy image Read our archives. Contacts Editor Linda Anderman Email Community Programs Office Kurt Steinhaus Email The Laboratory plans wide-ranging activities to celebrate its 70th anniversary, with a full roster of lectures and events open to the public. Seventy years ago on the Pajarito Plateau, the U.S. Army and the University of California joined together to undertake perhaps the most

203

Uganda: A Modern History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pages, hardcover,. $27.50. uganda; A Modern History. Jan J .contemporary history Qf Uganda. His work supplies us with aand integration of Uganda's economy into the World capita 1

Ssali, Ndugu Mike

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Department of Energy 1977--1994: A Summary History  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

The Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977 created perhaps the most interesting and diverse agency in the Federal Government. The new department brought together for the first time not only most of the government`s energy programs but also defense responsibilities that included the design, construction, and testing of nuclear weapons. The Department of Energy incorporated a score of organizational entities from a dozen departments and agencies, each with its own history and traditions. Uniting these seemingly disparate entities and programs was a common commitment to performing first rate science and technology. The Department of Energy sought--and continues to seek--to be one of the Nation`s premier science and technology organizations. The Department of Energy, 1977--1994, is a summary history of the origins, goals, and achievements of the Department and selected major programs. Beginning with the various fuels policies on the energy side and the Manhattan project on the defense side, the study details how the Department was born of the energy crisis of the early and mid-1970s. The history then surveys the Department and its programs from the Carter through the Clinton administrations. As the energy crisis eased, the Department played a central role on issues as dissimilar as the Strategic Defense Initiative and the Superconducting Super Collider. With the end of the Cold War, the Department of Energy further transformed itself, moving from the building of bombs to partial dismantlement of the nuclear weapons complex and to an increased emphasis on environmental activities and technology transfer efforts.

Fehner, T. R.; Holl, J. M.

1994-11-00T23:59:59.000Z

205

BLACK HISTORY MONTH  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Black History Month is an annual celebration of achievements by black Americans and a time for recognizing the central role of African Americans in U.S. history. The event grew out of Negro History Week, created by historian Carter G. Woodson and other prominent African Americans. Other countries around the world, including Canada and the United Kingdom, also devote a month to celebrating black history.

206

A handbook of history  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...February-March 1997 review-article Reviews A handbook of history P D Hingley Librarian of the RAS Burlington House...it all. REVIEWS February/March 1997 Vol 38 Issue1 32 A handbook of history Cambridge Illustrated History of Astronomy by......

P D Hingley

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

NETL: Albany, Oregon History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Home > About NETL > History > Albany Research Center History Home > About NETL > History > Albany Research Center History About NETL Albany, Oregon History Albany Research Center has a history rich in successful materials research and development. It was on March 17, 1943 that President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that the U. S. Bureau of Mines had selected a site in Albany, Oregon for the new Northwest Electro-development Laboratory. The original mission of the center was to find methods for using the abundant low-grade resources of the area, and to develop new metallurgical processes using the abundant electrical energy in the area. The name of the center was changed in 1945 to the Albany Metallurgy Research Center and was used through 1977 where the name was shortened to Albany Research Center. One of our first successes was the development

208

History of Women at the Energy Department | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

a Nobel Prize, earning her first one in 1903 for Physics and her second in 1911 in Chemistry for her groundbreaking work on radiation. MANHATTAN PROJECT ERA World War II brought...

209

Kristie Stremel Oral History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Under the Rainbow: Oral Histories of GLBTQ People in Kansas Kristie Stremel Oral History Part 1 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player Part 2 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player... Part 3 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player Part 4 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player Return to Kristie Stremel Oral History in KU ScholarWorks Tami Albin, Director for Under the Rainbow...

Stremel, Kristie; Albin, Tami

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

210

Coastal engineering, history of  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Turner I.L., Leatherman S.P., 1997. Beach dewatering as a soft' engineering solution to coastal erosion A history and critical review. J Coastal Res 13...

Per Bruun

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

History of Astronomy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... pages Prof. G. Abetti gives the reader a straightforward summary of the history of astronomy. As he remarks in the preface, a book of this size "can be ... the history and civilization of the peoples of the Earth". First we have ancient astronomy, which can be traced back to about forty centuries before Christ and which can ...

W. M. H. GREAVES

1955-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

212

David Ollington Oral History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Under the Rainbow: Oral Histories of GLBTQ People in Kansas David Ollington Oral History Part 1 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player Part 2 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player... Part 3 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player Part 4 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player Part 5 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player Return to David Ollington...

Ollington, David; Albin, Tami

2010-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

213

George Paris Oral History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Part 3 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player Part 4 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player Part 5 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player Part 6 video platform video... Under the Rainbow: Oral Histories of GLBTQ People in Kansas George Paris Oral History Part 1 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player Part 2 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player...

Paris, George; Albin, Tami

2010-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

214

Steven Brown Oral History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Part 4 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player Part 5 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player Part 6 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player Part 7 video platform video... Under the Rainbow: Oral Histories of GLBTQ People in Kansas Steven Brown Oral History Part 2 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player Part 3 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player...

Brown, Steven; Albin, Tami

2010-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

215

Microscale acceleration history discriminators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A new class of micromechanical acceleration history discriminators is claimed. These discriminators allow the precise differentiation of a wide range of acceleration-time histories, thereby allowing adaptive events to be triggered in response to the severity (or lack thereof) of an external environment. Such devices have applications in airbag activation, and other safety and surety applications.

Polosky, Marc A. (Albuquerque, NM); Plummer, David W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

A handbook of history  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......review-article Reviews A handbook of history P D Hingley...professional astronomy. This does not mean that it skimps...1997 Vol 38 Issue1 32 A handbook of history Cambridge Illustrated...this magnificent new work does not totally replace the......

P D Hingley

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Mosquito Life Histories  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Life Histories Life Histories Nature Bulletin No. 682 June 2, 1962 Forest Preserve District of Cook County John J. Duffy, President David H. Thompson, Senior Naturalist MOSQUITO LIFE HISTORIES Everybody knows that a mosquito is a small, long-legged insect that bites. However, there are many kinds of them each with its own peculiarities of life history and habits. Some are produced in marshes or in flood plains of streams, some in puddles, some in woodlands, and others in cities and towns. Here in the Chicago region, although mosquito-borne diseases are no longer a danger, they become nuisances in many places at certain times in almost every year. In times past and in many countries the mosquitoes which carried malaria, yellow fever and other infections shaped the course of history. Hundreds of scientists have studied them for years but much remains to be learned.

218

BNL | Our History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Our History Our History A Passion for Discovery, a History of Scientific Achievement Brookhaven National Laboratory was established in 1947 on the eastern end of Long Island at the former site of the U.S. Army's Camp Upton. Originally built out of a post-World War II desire to explore the peaceful applications of atomic energy, the Laboratory now has a broader mission: to perform basic and applied research at the frontiers of science, including nuclear and high-energy physics; physics and chemistry of materials; nanoscience; energy and environmental research; national security and nonproliferation; neurosciences; structural biology; and computational sciences. Over its history, Brookhaven Lab has housed three research reactors, numerous one-of-a-kind particle accelerators, and other

219

Kelli Cox Oral History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oral history interview with Kelli Cox conducted by Lauren Helmer in Lawrence, Kansas, on December 30, 2010. In this inteview, Kelli Cox discusses her experiences attending a variety of churches in Lawrence, including the Christ Community Church...

Cox, Kelli; Helmer, Lauren

2010-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

220

Noah Hamilton Oral History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oral history interview with Noah Hamilton conducted by Stephanie Meador in Topeka, Kansas, on November 20, 2009. In this interview, Noah Hamilton describes the experience of being raised in the Bah' faith. He discusses the tenets of Bah...

Hamilton, Noah; Meador, Stephanie Rae

2009-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Black History Month  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

During National African American History Month, we pay tribute to the contributions of past generations and reaffirm our commitment to keeping the American dream alive for the next generation. In...

222

Beverly Boyd Oral History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oral history interview with Beverly Boyd conducted by Steve Teichgraeber in Lawrence, Kansas, on November 12, 2010. In this interview, Beverly Boyd discusses the life of Saint Rose-Phillippine Duchesne (1769-1852), a ...

Boyd, Beverly; Teichgraeber, Steve

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

223

Garrett Fugate Oral History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oral history interview with Garrett Fugate conducted by Jeremy Adkison in 2010. In this interview, University of Kansas student Garrett Fugate discusses his childhood experiences as a member of the Greek Orthodox community, and his eventual decision...

Fugate, Garrett; Adkison, Jeremy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Ryan Campbell Oral History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Under the Rainbow: Oral Histories of GLBTQ People in Kansas Ryan Campbell Oral History Part 1 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player Part 2 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player... Lawrence, KS 66045 Requestors must identify: 1. Type of publication 2. Proposed title 3. Specific passages to be quoted 4. Anticipated uses of the passages 5. Publisher's name 6. Expected date of publication ...

Campbell, Ryan; Albin, Tami

2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

225

Manhattan Project: S-1 Committee  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Resources Resources About this Site How to Navigate this Site Library Maps Note on Sources Nuclear Energy and the Public's Right to Know Photo Gallery Site Map Sources and Notes Suggested Readings S-1 COMMITTEE Bohemian Grove (September 13, 1942) Resources > Photo Gallery S-1 Committee, Bohemian Grove, September 13, 1942 S-1 Committee members at Bohemian Grove, September 13, 1942. Left to right: Harold C. Urey, Ernest O. Lawrence, James B. Conant, Lyman J. Briggs, Eger V. Murphree, and Arthur H. Compton. The photograph is courtesy Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Click on a link below to return to: Civilian Organizations Enter the Army, 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD)

226

Manhattan Project: Facts About Fallout  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

FACTS ABOUT FALLOUT FACTS ABOUT FALLOUT Federal Civil Defense Administration, National Archives (1955) Resources > Library Below is Facts About Fallout, an eight-page civil defense pamphlet on fallout published by the Federal Civil Defense Administration in 1955. At the bottom of this page there are also three photographs of government-suggested fallout shelter designs and a "Fallout Shelter" sign. The pamphlet is courtesy the National Archives, as are the three photographs of the fallout shelters (courtesy the Federal Emergency Management Agency). The image of the "fallout shelter" sign is courtesy the Environmental Protection Agency. Facts About Fallout, p. 1 Facts About Fallout, p. 2 Facts About Fallout, p. 3 Facts About Fallout, p. 4 Facts About Fallout, p. 5

227

Manhattan Project: Difficult Choices, 1942  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

"Met Lab" alumni at the University of Chicago -- Fermi is on the far left of the front row; Zinn is on Fermi's left; Anderson is on the far right of the front row; and Szilard is over Anderson's right shoulder. DIFFICULT CHOICES "Met Lab" alumni at the University of Chicago -- Fermi is on the far left of the front row; Zinn is on Fermi's left; Anderson is on the far right of the front row; and Szilard is over Anderson's right shoulder. DIFFICULT CHOICES (1942) Events More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 By early 1942, as the United States suffered a series of military defeats in the Pacific, top officials in Washington tentatively had decided to proceed with the construction of an atomic bomb. Two paths seemed possible. A uranium bomb could be achieved if sufficient uranium-235 could be produced by one or more of the three isotope separation methods under consideration: gaseous diffusion, centrifuge, and electromagnetic. A plutonium bomb might provide a quicker route, but it required demonstration that plutonium could be produced in a uranium pile and then be separated in usable quantities. To this end, Arthur Compton consolidated most plutonium research at the new Metallurgical Laboratory (Met Lab) at the University of Chicago.

228

Manhattan Project: Einstein's Letter, 1939  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Einstein's letter to Roosevelt, August 2, 1939 EINSTEIN'S LETTER Einstein's letter to Roosevelt, August 2, 1939 EINSTEIN'S LETTER (1939) Events > Early Government Support, 1939-1942 Einstein's Letter, 1939 Early Uranium Research, 1939-1941 Piles and Plutonium, 1939-1941 Reorganization and Acceleration, 1940-1941 The MAUD Report, 1941 A Tentative Decision to Build the Bomb, 1941-1942 On October 11, 1939, Alexander Sachs, Wall Street economist and longtime friend and unofficial advisor to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, met with the President to discuss a letter written by Albert Einstein the previous August (right). Einstein had written to inform Roosevelt that recent research on fission chain reactions utilizing uranium made it probable that large amounts of power could be produced by a chain reaction and that, by harnessing this power, the construction of "extremely powerful bombs" was conceivable. Einstein believed the German government was actively supporting research in this area and urged the United States government to do likewise. Sachs read from a cover letter he had prepared and briefed Roosevelt on the main points contained in Einstein's letter. Initially the President was noncommittal and expressed concern over locating the necessary funds, but at a second meeting over breakfast the next morning Roosevelt became convinced of the value of exploring atomic energy.

229

History | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

History History History On January 7, 2011, the President signed H.R. 6523 (111th), the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/111/hr6523) which became Public Law 111-384. Section 3124 specifically states, "The Secretary of Energy may establish a program to permit the establishment of energy parks on former defense nuclear facilities" (50 U.S.C. 2814). In response, on February 17, 2011, the Department of Energy (DOE) established a Task Force on the ARI to address the legislation in detail. The purpose of the task force was to implement asset revitalization efforts in response to Congressional direction, and to develop recommendations for a continued formalized asset revitalization program. The task force achieved this through facilitating

230

PAFC History and Successes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PAFC History and Successes PAFC History and Successes John Ferro Manager Product Development john.ferro@utcpower.com 2 2 AGENDA Company overview and history System description and applications Failure modes and life analysis Summary 3 3 Research Center Hamilton Sundstrand Pratt & Whitney Sikorsky UTC Power Otis Carrier UTC Fire & Security UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION 18 th largest U.S. manufacturer (2009 list, Industry Week) 37 th largest U.S. corporation (2009 list, Fortune) 61 st largest publicly held manufacturer in the world (2009 list, Industry Week) Revenues: $58.7 billion (2008) Commercial & Residential Building Systems, Aerospace & Transportation, Industrial systems 4 UTC POWER Markets Transportation fuel cells Stationary fuel cells Global sales 5 continents 19 countries Space & defense

231

SRS - History Highlights  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 3 SEARCH GO Side Menu Spacer SRS Mission & Vision Where We Are SRS History Fact Sheets Tour SRS Contact SRS SRS Home SRS History Highlights The Savannah River Site was constructed during the early 1950s to produce the basic materials used in the fabrication of nuclear weapons, primarily tritium and plutonium-239, in support of our nation's defense programs. Five reactors were built to produce these materials. Also built were a number of support facilities including two chemical separations plants, a heavy water extraction plant, a nuclear fuel and target fabrication facility, a tritium extraction facility and waste management facilities. If you wish to view an in-depth history (1950-2000), please explore SRS at Fifty, our 50th anniversary book. Browse by Era: 1950s * 1960s * 1970s * 1980s * 1990s * 2000s * 2010s

232

History | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

History History History Although they are tiny, atoms have a large amount of energy holding their nuclei together. Certain isotopes of some elements can be split and will release part of their energy as heat. This splitting is called fission. The heat released in fission can be used to help generate electricity in powerplants. Uranium-235 (U-235) is one of the isotopes that fissions easily. During fission, U-235 atoms absorb loose neutrons. This causes U-235 to become unstable and split into two light atoms called fission products. The combined mass of the fission products is less than that of the original U-235. The reduction occurs because some of the matter changes into energy. The energy is released as heat. Two or three neutrons are released along with the heat. These neutrons may hit other

233

Oral Histories: Merril Eisenbud  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6 6 HUMAN RADIATION STUDIES: REMEMBERING THE EARLY YEARS Oral History of Merril Eisenbud Conducted January 26, 1995 United States Department of Energy Office of Human Radiation Experiments May 1995 CONTENTS Foreword Short Biography Early Days as an Industrial Hygienist Hired as AEC's First Industrial Hygienist Insuring Atomic Workers Setting up the AEC's Health and Safety Laboratory Worker's Compensation History Contamination and Industrial Worker Education Federal Versus State Responsibility for Materials Production Safety Plant Safety and the Community Monitoring Radioactive Fallout Radiation and Cancer Rates Safety of the Nuclear Industry Use of Children in Research Developing Thyroid Radiation Counters Secrecy, Louis Strauss, and the Bravo Test Nuclear Test Fallout Studies

234

Wolf's History of Astronomy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE History of Astronomy, by Prof. Rudolf Wolf, of Zurich, a volume of 800 pages issued ... student. The production of such a work, involving an outline of the progress of astronomy from the earliest times to the present period, must have been a labour of ...

J. R. HIND

1878-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

235

Oil Quantity : The histori  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

model for Prudhoe Bay. Figure 11: Historical Prudhoe Bay oil production data, modeled economically Production (million bbl per Month) Historical Production Best Fit (Hist. Tax w/ELF, Ref. P) High Price 120 140 160 19 Oil Quantity Con Wel N E A N N ng Results e Bay : The histori Bay over tim : Prudhoe Ba

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

236

Early History of Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... 2, Dr. J. B. Kramer read a paper on The Early History of Magnetism, in which he discussed the various accounts of the first discovery of a magnet ... accounts of the first discovery of a magnet, and the development of the science of magnetism down to A.D. 1600. His remarks were divided into five sections, the ...

1932-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

237

Exploring Mars' Climate History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exploring Mars' Climate History #12;2 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter ESA Mars Express (NASA: MARSIS by studying the solar wind and other interactions with the Sun. #12;The solar wind is a high-speed stream of electrons and protons released from the Sun. #12;High-energy photons (light) stream constantly from the Sun

238

About Fermilab - History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

What is Fermilab? What is Fermilab? what is Fermilab main page | mission | history | Enrico Fermi History - Wilson Hall Beauvais Cathedral A daring achievement of Gothic architecture, the Saint-Pierre Cathedral of Beauvais, France helped inspire the distinctive design of Wilson Hall. The Cathedral (A.D. 1225-1568) was never completed westward of the choir and transepts, and the site of the proposed nave is partly occupied by the Romanesque church known as the "Basse oeuvre" ("low work"). The roof fell (A.D. 1284); the choir was reconstructed and strengthened by additional piers (A.D. 1337-47), and in the 16th century the transepts were built. The height of the vault (157 ft., 6 ins.) is the loftiest in Europe, and measures about three and a half times its span. One of the most daring

239

BNL | Our History: Accelerators  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

> See also: Reactors > See also: Reactors A History of Leadership in Particle Accelerator Design Cosmotron Cosmotron (1952-1966) Early in Brookhaven Lab history, the consortium of universities responsible for founding the new research center, decided that Brookhaven should provide leading facilities for high energy physics research. In April 1948, the Atomic Energy Commission approved a plan for a proton synchrotron to be built at Brookhaven. The new machine would accelerate protons to previously unheard of energies-comparable to the cosmic rays showering the earth's outer atmosphere. It would be called the Cosmotron. The Cosmotron was the first accelerator in the world to send particles to energies in the billion electron volt, or GeV, region. The machine reached its full design energy of 3.3 GeV in 1953.

240

RMOTC - About Us - History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

History History Teapot Dome Scandal Teapot Dome was the popular name for the scandal during the administration of U.S. President Warren G. Harding. The scandal, which involved the secret leasing of naval oil reserve lands to private companies, was first revealed to the general public in 1924 after findings by a committee of the U.S. Senate. Teapot Rock, From which the famous Teapot Dome derives its name The creation of the Naval Petroleum Reserves originated with the growth of federal conservation policy under presidents Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson. The reserves were tracts of public land where oil should be kept in its natural reservoirs for the future use of the Navy. "Teapot Dome" originally acquired its name from a rock nearby

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Reading Comprehension - Atomic History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atomic History Atomic History A Greek philosopher named Democritus said that all atoms are small, hard particles. He thought that atoms were made of a single material formed into different shapes and sizes. The word " _________ element compound mixture atom " is derived from the Greek word "atomos" which means "not able to be divided." In 1803, John Dalton, a school teacher, proposed his atomic theory. Dalton's theory states that elements (substances composed of only one type of _________ molecules ions atom ) combine in certain proportions to form _________ compounds atoms mixtures elements . In 1897, a British scientist named J. J. Thomson experimented with a cathode-ray tube which had a positively charged plate. The plate attracted negatively charged particles that we now call _________ protons neutrons

242

NERSC Systems History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

History of Systems History of Systems History of Systems Established in 1974 at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, NERSC was moved to Berkeley Lab in 1996 with a goal of increased interactions with the UC Berkeley campus. NERSC Systems System Name Installed System Type CPU Computational Pool Interconnect Disk (TB) Avg. Power Linpack HPL/ Top Rank Peak GFlops/s Type Speed Nodes SMP Size Total Cores Aggregate Memory (GB) Avg. Memory/ CPU Edison 2013 Cray XC30 Xeon 12-Core 2.3 GHz 5,200 24 124,800 332,800 2.67GB Hopper 2010 Cray XE6 Opteron Hex-Core 2.1 GHz 6,384 24 153,216 216,832 1.3 GB Gemini 2,000 1,054,000 (5) 1,054,000 Carver 2010 IBM iDataPlex Intel Nehalem Quad-Core 2.6 GHz 400 8 3,200 9,600 3 GB 4X QDR InfiniBand NGF 36,856 (322) 42,656

243

history | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

highlights of the site's history now is available for viewing on the Y-12 public Web site at http:www.y12.doe.gov Office of Secure Transportation History Since 1947,...

244

Hanford Overview and History - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

About Us > Hanford Overview and History About Us Hanford Overview and History Hanford Cleanup Hanford Site Wide Programs Hanford Overview and History Email Email Page | Print Print...

245

Kami Oral History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this interview the way that I start off all the oral histories which is, Tell me where you were born and when. KAMI: I was born in Salt Lake City, Utah in August, 1950. And my father was at the University of Utah in school. And they lived in Layton, so we.... But yeah, I went across the country and I danced around and(laugh) and I love Salt Lake. And I didn't appreciate Salt Lake then the way I do now. I've really come tobut I had good friends in the dorms and, yeah I didn'tI was never homesick, never...

Albin, Tami; Kami

2010-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

246

The Walls Come Tumbling Down: Decontamination and Demolition of 29 Manhattan Project and Cold War-Era Buildings and Structures at Los Alamos National Laboratory-12301  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When the nation's top scientists and military leaders converged on Los Alamos, New Mexico in the 1943, to work on the Manhattan Project, the facilities they used to conduct their top-secret work were quickly constructed and located in the middle of what eventually became the Los Alamos town site. After one of these early facilities caught on fire, it seemed wise to build labs and production facilities farther away from the homes of the town's residents. They chose to build facilities on what was then known as Delta Prime (DP) Mesa and called it Technical Area 21, or TA-21. With wartime urgency, a number of buildings were built at TA-21, some in as little as a few months. Before long, DP Mesa was populated with several nondescript metal and cinder-block buildings, including what became, immediately following the war, the world's first plutonium production facility. TA-21 also housed labs that used hazardous chemicals and analyzed americium, tritium and plutonium. TA-21 was a bustling center of research and production for the next several decades. Additional buildings were built there in the 1960's, but by the 1990's many of them had reached the end of their service lives. Labs and offices were moved to newer, more modern buildings. When Los Alamos National Laboratory received $212 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in July 2009 for environmental cleanup projects, about $73 million of the funds were earmarked to decontaminate and demolish 21 of the old buildings at TA-21. Although some D and D of TA-21 buildings was performed in the 1990's, many of the facilities at DP Site remained relatively untouched for nearly three decades following their final operational use. In 2006, there were over three dozen buildings or structures on the mesa to be removed so that soil cleanup could be completed (and the land made available for transfer and reuse). The total footprint of buildings across the mesa was approximately 18,580 m{sup 2} (200,000 ft{sup 2}). The initially approved baseline for the ARRA D and D Project was to remove 22 buildings and structures that included approximately 14,680 m{sup 2} (158,000 ft{sup 2}) of footprint. By employing efficiencies during subcontracting, demolition, and waste segregation, the savings allowed an additional 1,580 m{sup 2} (17,000 ft{sup 2}) of footprint to be removed using ARRA funds. Additionally, the lessons learned from this experience were used to apply NNSA funding to the removal of six additional non-contaminated buildings and structures. In the end, 29 buildings and structures, including stacks, cooling towers and tanks, were removed from the mesa. The entire DP East area was cleared of buildings and sub-grade structures and the soils cleaned to residential standards. The total footprint reduction at TA-21 as a result of this effort was in excess of 17,650 m{sup 2} (190,000 ft{sup 2}). The use of a Laboratory self-performance team to start demolition of non-contaminated structures resulted in steady work performance early in the project while subcontracts were being put in place to perform more complicated abatement and contaminated demolition activities. Most importantly, there were no serious worker injuries and the minor injuries recorded were those common to construction type activities. Extensive monitoring along the site boundary demonstrated that no hazardous chemicals or radioactive contamination were released and radiological dose to the public was negligible. The ARRA demolition activities were completed six months in advance of the deadline for employing ARRA funds. Additionally, over 17,585 m{sup 3} (23,000 yds{sup 3}) of building demolition debris was safely removed from DP Mesa. All of the major buildings have been removed, unencumbered access to the SWMUs that are required to be cleaned up by the Consent Order with the state of New Mexico, has been achieved, and a significant portion of the mesa has been prepared to support a process that will eventually transfer this land from federal government control for further use. (authors)

Chaloupka, Allan B.; Finn, Kevin P.; Parsons, Duane A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Community Reflects on Pivotal Moment in History with B Reactor  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

RICHLAND, Wash. Buses carried about 200 members of the community by the remains of an old high school, bank, and other relics of former Hanford town sites once home to tens of thousands of workers who produced plutonium for the Manhattan Project, World War II, and Cold War.

248

History | Argonne National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Argonne's Nobelists Argonne's Nobelists Three Argonne physicists have been honored with Nobel Prizes: Enrico Fermi, Argonne's founding director, won the 1938 Nobel Prize in physics for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons. Maria Goeppert Mayer shared the 1963 Nobel Prize in physics. While working at Argonne in 1948, she developed the "nuclear shell model" to explain how neutrons and protons within atomic nuclei are structured. Alexei A. Abrikosov shared the 2003 Nobel Prize in physics for research on condensed-matter physics and superconductivity. Our history sparked the nation's future AVIDAC, Argonne's first digital computer, began operation in January 1953.

249

A history of the neutron  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A history of the neutron ... Describes some of the individuals and the work they did leading to the discovery of the neutron. ...

Vasilis Lavrakas

1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

History of Proton Linear Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

much. References 1. Linear Accelerators, edited by P. M .at the 1986 Linear Accelerator Conference, SLAC, Stanford,HISTORY OF PROTON LINEAR ACCELERATORS Luis W. Alvarez TWO-

Alvarez, Luis W.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

A HISTORY OF EMATS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper was prepared for a Special Session in the 34th Annual Review of Quantitative NDE devoted to Applications of EMATs. As such it reviews the past history of electromagnetic induction of vibrations in metals with special attention to the application to nondestructive testing. The first patent describing the use of Electromagnetic Acoustic Transducers (EMATs) to replace the commonly used piezoelectric transducer was in 1969 but their first appearance in the scientific literature was in 1939 when the principles were applied to exciting and detecting the longitudinal resonance modes of bars of brass. The first true application to nondestructive testing was an R&D program sponsored by the American Gas Association to develop a device for inspecting buried gas pipelines for stress corrosion cracks in the early 1970's. During this same time period theoretical models to describe the transduction mechanism appeared and led to the engineering of solutions to NDT and NDE problems that could not be accomplished with piezoelectric devices. The papers in the session to follow this historical summary show how the field has developed over the past 30 years and expose an impressive array of applications to quantitative nondestructive evaluation (QNDE) practices.

George Alers

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Our History | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Our History Our History Our History Our History The history of Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) begins in August 2003, when the Department created two offices to provide focus in several critical areas: the Office of Electric Transmission and Distribution (TD), which included elements from the DOE Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy office and the DOE Policy and International Affairs office, to advance the technologies needed to ensure a reliable, robust and modern U.S. electricity grid; and the Office of Energy Assurance (EA), to coordinate Federal response activities within the energy sector during energy disruptions and developed strategies to harden infrastructure against such disruptions. On August 14, 2003, large portions of the Midwest and Northeast United

253

Evolution of Divergent Life History Strategies in Marine Alphaproteobacteria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...recombination, and repair). An evolutionary timeline...free-living versus patch-adapted dichotomy is...driving divergence of patch-adapted from free-living...favor free-living over patch-adapted bacterioplankton...a recently developed pipeline that is suitable for...

Haiwei Luo; Mikls Cs?ros; Austin L. Hughes; Mary Ann Moran

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Revolutionizing history education : using augmented reality games to teach histories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In an ever-changing present of multiple truths and reconfigured histories, people need to be critical thinkers. Research has suggested the potential for using augmented reality (AR) games- location-based games that use ...

Schrier, Karen L

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

UCD School of History & Archives Student Handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UCD School of History & Archives Student Handbook 2014-2015 This handbook is relevant for all Students study history? Can Evening Arts students study history? How does the School of history School of History and Archives UCD: Student Handbook, 2014-15 2 #12;6. The ECTS credit system How are my

256

Download Full-text PDF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Engineering and Science. Manhattan. College. Bronx ... Oceanogr. 23: 362-368. Announcements. Third International Congress on the History of Oceanography.

2000-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

257

NEPA History | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

History History NEPA History Selected documents providing historical information on NEPA. June 14, 2012 Federal Register Notices for DOE NEPA Guidelines and Regulations Historical compilation of Federal Register notices for DOE NEPA guidelines and regulations. December 31, 2009 Presidential Proclamation on the 40th Anniversary of the National Environmental Policy Act Proclamation of President Obama to "call upon all executive branch agencies to promote public involvement and transparency in their implementation of the National Environmental Policy Act." July 1, 1999 EPA's Section 309 Review: The Clean Air Act and NEPA This document discusses Section 309 of the Clean Air Act, which authorizes the Environmental Protection Agency to review certain proposed actions of

258

EM History | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EM History EM History EM History Before (left) and after (right) photos of the Hanford site's F Reactor during operations in 1956 and in 2012, when EM and its contractors completed cleanup there. It was the first reactor area at the 586-square-mile Hanford site to be fully remediated. Before (left) and after (right) photos of the Hanford site's F Reactor during operations in 1956 and in 2012, when EM and its contractors completed cleanup there. It was the first reactor area at the 586-square-mile Hanford site to be fully remediated. EM's HISTORY (1989 - present) Fifty years of nuclear weapons production and energy research generated millions of gallons of liquid radioactive waste, millions of cubic meters of solid radioactive wastes, thousands of tons of spent nuclear fuel and

259

HFIR History - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Home › Facilities › HFIR › History Home › Facilities › HFIR › History History of HFIR HFIR was constructed in the mid-1960s to fulfill a need for the production of transuranic isotopes (i.e., "heavy" elements such as plutonium and curium). Since then its mission has grown to include materials irradiation, neutron activation, and, most recently, neutron scattering. In 2007, HFIR completed the most dramatic transformation in its 40-year history. During a shutdown of more than a year, the facility was refurbished and a number of new instruments were installed, as well as a cold neutron source. The reactor was restarted in mid-May; it attained its full power of 85 MW within a couple of days, and experiments resumed within a week. Improvements and upgrades to HFIR include an overhaul of the

260

Center for the history of chemistry resources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Center for the history of chemistry resources ... A note alerting those interested in the histories of chemistry, chemical engineering, and chemical process industries to the resources available from the Center for the History of Chemistry. ... Chemical Engineering ...

Bruce V. Lewenstein

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Hanford Natural Resource Trustee Council History & Accomplishments...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Natural Resource Trustee Council > HNRTC History & Accomplishments About Us Hanford Natural Resource Trustee Council HNRTC Members HNRTC History & Accomplishments Memorandum of...

262

History of Hydropower | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

History of Hydropower History of Hydropower Humans have been harnessing water to perform work for thousands of years. The Greeks used water wheels for grinding wheat into flour...

263

UC land grants: A photo history  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Berkeley UC land grants: A photo history D Early days: 1862UCR/CMP UC land grants: A photo history H. In 1987, UC

Editors, By

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

History Overview of Solid-State Lighting - History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Condensed History of Lighting | Review Articles | FAQs | Condensed History of Lighting | Review Articles | FAQs | Documents Archive | CONDENSED HISTORY OF LIGHTING Figure courtesy of Jeff Tsao; a version of this figure was published in IEEE Circuits and Devices Vol 20, No 3, pp 28-37, May/June, 2004 Lighting technologies are substitutes for sunlight in the 425-675 nm spectral region where sunlight is most concentrated and to which the human eye has evolved to be most sensitive. The history of lighting can be viewed as the development of increasingly efficient technologies for creating visible light inside, but not wasted light outside, of that spectral region. A 200-year perspective on that history is shown in the figure above. The left axis indicates luminous efficacy, in units of lumens (a measure of light which factors in the human visual response to various wavelengths) per watt. The right axis indicates the corresponding power-conversion efficiency for a tri-LED tri-color white light source with moderate color rendering (CRI=80) and relatively warm color temperature (CCT=3900K). For such a source, 400lm/W would correspond to 100% power-conversion efficiency.

265

Bartlesville History | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Bartlesville History Bartlesville History Bartlesville History The Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, Bartlesville, Oklahoma, circa 1937. The Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, Bartlesville, Oklahoma, circa 1937. Origins of the U.S. Government's First Petroleum Research Laboratory By 1916 the Bureau of Mines, which had been established six years earlier in the U.S. Department of the Interior, recognized the transforming role that petroleum was playing in American society. Across the country, the Bureau had begun establishing experiment stations, each specializing in a different extraction industry - coal, metals, clay, and other minerals - and each located close to the major centers of each resource. Now, the Bureau announced its intent to establish a petroleum experiment station

266

APS USER TRAINING HISTORY Background  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

USER TRAINING HISTORY USER TRAINING HISTORY Background The User Program Division Director has delegated to the CATs the authority to authorize the conduct of experiments because the CATs have accepted responsibility for: * identifying and evaluating the hazards posed by the experiment, * specifying controls appropriate to the hazards, and * verifying that controls are in place. One form of hazard control frequently made mandatory by law and laboratory policy is worker knowledge. The accepted means of verifying that a worker has the required knowledge is ensuring that the worker has completed appropriate training. With CAT input, the APS has developed the APS User Training History. This web-based tool enables designated CAT personnel to examine data characterizing ES&H training courses

267

FTCP History | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

History History FTCP History In 1993, the Board issued Recommendation 93-3, Improving DOE Technical Capability in Defense Nuclear Facilities. This recommendation resulted in DOE's establishing the Federal Technical Capability Panel (FTCP) and developing two noteworthy standards: DOE M 426.1-1, Federal Technical Capability Manual, and DOE G 426.1-1, Recruiting, Hiring, and Retaining High Quality Technical Staff: A Manager's Guide to Administrative Flexibilities. These standards provide techniques and processes for improving the recruitment, retention, training, and qualification of high-quality personnel. Board Recommendation 93-3 was issued on June 1, 1993, and accepted by the Department of Energy on July 23, 1993. The Recommendation discussed the need to improve the technical capability of federal employees associated

268

NICMOS HISTORY DATABASE AND April 10, 1998  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 NICMOS HISTORY DATABASE AND WEB TOOLS C. Tullos April 10, 1998 ABSTRACT The history of NICMOS. The Database and Data A convenient way of keeping a history of some of the NICMOS instrument parameters parameters apply. Instrument Science Report OSG-CAL 98-01 #12;2 NICMOS HISTORY DATABASE LAYOUT 2. The Web

Sirianni, Marco

269

Laboratory automation-A case history  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Laboratory automation-A case history ... This article describes an automated Raman spectrometer. ...

Bernard J. Bulkin; Edward H. Cole; Arthur Noguerola

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

UCD School of History & Archives Student Handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UCD School of History & Archives Student Handbook 2013-2014 This handbook is relevant for all of History and Archives UCD: Student Handbook, 2013-2014 2 Table of Contents 1: Introduction and welcome from Evening Arts students study history? How does the School of history and Archives communicate with its

271

History and philosophy of psychology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... not a rehash job, for it covers many topics in the history and philosophy of psychology of which most self-respecting Anglo-Saxon psychologists are entirely innocent. This is not ... , know what is meant by phenomenology, and understand the strengths and weaknesses of Gestalt psychology. All in all, Thines' choice of topics is excellent and their range impressive. ...

William Barnes-Gutteridge

1978-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

272

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Spring, 2011 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:30 p.m. Place: 119 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

273

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Fall, 2012 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:30 p.m. Place: 120 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

274

History of federal transportation policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

History of federal transportation policy TTP 220 S. Handy 4/7/14 #12;Federal Transportation Policy · Rise of road building (1910s +) · Rise of mandated planning (1960s +) · Rise of transit funding (1960s for road building support from the start! · Cars seen as way to decentralize, to get people away from ills

Handy, Susan L.

275

The history of the LHC  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Abstract: From the civil engineering, to the manufacturing of the various magnet types, each building block of this extraordinary machine required ambitious leaps in innovation. This lecture will review the history of the LHC project, focusing on the many challenges -- scientific, technological, managerial -- that had to be met during the various phases of R&D;, industrialization, construction, installation and commissioning.

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

276

Invited paper History of Semiconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AbstractThe history of semiconductors is presented beginning with the first documented observation of a semiconductor effect (Faraday), through the development of the first devices (point-contact rectifiers and transistors, early field-effect transistors) and the theory of semiconductors up to the contemporary devices (SOI and multigate devices). Keywordsband theory, laser, Moores law, semiconductor, transistor.

Lidia ?ukasiak; Andrzej Jakubowski

277

Economic History Revisited: New Uncertainties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the southern and midwestern regions of the United States. However, the large run-up in oil prices is increasingEconomic History Revisited: New Uncertainties I n the last Sitar-Rutgers Regional Report, we are paying ever-increasing prices for fewer available sites. Warehouse sites in the southern portion

278

About EIA - History - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Legislative Timeline Legislative Timeline The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) was created in response to the need for additional Federal initiatives to collect and disseminate energy-related information, and to evaluate and analyze this information. These needs were revealed as the United States sought to respond to the energy crises of the 1970s. The first law to address these needs was the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 and, over the years, many subsequent laws have contributed to EIA's evolution and growth. 1974: Federal Energy Administration (FEA) Act (P.L. 93-275, 15 USC 761) Created the FEA and mandated it to collect, assemble, evaluate, and analyze energy information; provide energy information and projections to the Federal Government, State Governments, and the public; and provide Congress

279

US Energy Service Company Industry: History and Business Models  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Information about the history of US Energy Service Company including industry history, setbacks, and lessons learned.

280

Earth Repair: A Transatlantic History of Environmental Restoration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Earth Repair: A Transatlantic History of EnvironmentalHall. Earth Repair: A Transatlantic History of Environmental

Hamilton-Smith, Elery

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The target chamber under construction. Holes in the target chamber provide access for the laser beams and viewing ports for NIF diagnostic equipment. Photo Number: NIF-1209-18056...

282

History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 31 | Next | Last Back to Index Target Bay Foundation One unique challenge was creating the foundation for the NIF target bay, which is about 15 meters below ground level....

283

History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 31 | Next | Last Back to Index NIF Groundbreaking Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Director Bruce Tarter, Secretary of Energy Federico Pena, and Congresswoman Ellen...

284

History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has provided radioisotope thermoelectric generators for space applications since 1961. These generators provide electrical power for spacecraft...

285

History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

equipment. The chamber, a sphere ten meters (33 feet) in diameter, is covered with boron-injected concrete to absorb neutrons during NIF experiments. Photo Number: NIF-1209-18055...

286

History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 31 | Next | Last Back to Index NIF at Night Crews often worked around the clock to build the stadium-size facility. Construction required more than 4,600 metric tons of...

287

History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6 31 | Next | Last Back to Index Nova Target Chamber In 1986, Nova produced the largest laser fusion yield to date - a record 11 trillion fusion neutrons. The following year,...

288

History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Index Switchyard Construction The switchyards' support structures are built to resist vibration. They are firmly anchored to the building's reinforced concrete walls, which are 0.6...

289

History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

convert infrared light to ultraviolet. Nova experiments provided confidence that a NIF-size laser could achieve thermonuclear ignition in a laboratory. Photo Number: NIF-1109-17878...

290

History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 31 | Next | Last Back to Index The Final "Golden Bolt" NIF and Photon Science Principal Associate Director Ed Moses honors a NIF contract worker by presenting him with the...

291

Rebekah Foster-Terry Oral History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oral history interview with Reverend Rebekah Foster-Terry conducted by Stephanie Meador in 2009. In this interview, Rev. Foster-Terry, pastor of the Victory Tabernacle Church in Topeka, Kansas, discusses the history of the ...

Foster-Terry, Rebekah; Meador, Stephanie Rae

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Scepticism and the Study of History  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During the two centuries prior to the publication of David Humes History of England, the attitude of the sceptical thinkers regarding the study of history had changed greatly. The ancient Greek sceptics and the ...

Richard H. Popkin

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

The History of DEER | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The History of DEER The History of DEER Presentation given at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research Conference (DEER 2007). 13-16 August, 2007, Detroit, Michigan....

294

Well Record or History | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

History Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: Well Record or HistoryLegal Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2013...

295

14.731 Economic History, Fall 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A survey of world economic history, designed to introduce economics graduate students to the subject matter and methodology of economic history. Topics chosen to show a wide variety of historical experience and illuminate ...

Temin, Peter

296

Fisheries Science & Management: a Brief History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: a brief history ·Late 1800s: industrial revolution allowed rapid expansion of exploitation ·E in 1882 #12;Fisheries sci & mgt: a brief history ·Late 1800s: industrial revolution allowed rapid

Limburg, Karin E.

297

Report. Web of Science History project  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...September 2002 research-article Report. Web of Science History project J. Corden Archivist...Heritage Lottery Fund awarded 43,000 to the Web of Science History project, which was put...hosted by the Public Record Office at Kew. Web Of Science History|The Royal Society...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

BOSTON UNIVERSITY HISTORY OF ART & ARCHITECTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BOSTON UNIVERSITY HISTORY OF ART & ARCHITECTURE GRADUATE PROGRAM 2012-2013 Information & Architecture College of Arts & Sciences 725 Commonwealth Avenue, Room 302 Boston, MA 02215 Tel: (617) 353 ..................................................................... 5 THE MA DEGREE IN HISTORY OF ART AND ARCHITECTURE ........................ 5 History of Art

Goldberg, Bennett

299

Manhattan Project: More Piles and Plutonium, 1942  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

"Met Lab" alumni at the University of Chicago -- Fermi is on the far left of the front row; Zinn is on Fermi's left; Anderson is on the far right of the front row; and Szilard is over Anderson's right shoulder. MORE PILES AND PLUTONIUM "Met Lab" alumni at the University of Chicago -- Fermi is on the far left of the front row; Zinn is on Fermi's left; Anderson is on the far right of the front row; and Szilard is over Anderson's right shoulder. MORE PILES AND PLUTONIUM (1942) Events > Difficult Choices, 1942 More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 At the University of Chicago, meanwhile, Arthur Compton had consolidated most fission research at his new Metallurgical Laboratory(Met Lab). Compton decided to combine all pile research by stages. He continued to fund Enrico Fermi's pile research at Columbia University, while Fermi began preparations to move his work to Chicago. Funding continued as well for the theoretical work of Eugene Wigner at Princeton and of J. Robert Oppenheimer at the University of California, Berkeley. Compton also appointed Leo Szilard head of materials acquisition and arranged for Glenn T. Seaborg to move his plutonium work from Berkeley to Chicago in April 1942.

300

Manhattan Project: The Maud Report, 1941  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

The first page of the MAUD Report. THE MAUD REPORT The first page of the MAUD Report. THE MAUD REPORT (1941) Events > Early Government Support, 1939-1942 Einstein's Letter, 1939 Early Uranium Research, 1939-1941 Piles and Plutonium, 1939-1941 Reorganization and Acceleration, 1940-1941 The MAUD Report, 1941 A Tentative Decision to Build the Bomb, 1941-1942 The most influential study of the feasibility of the atomic bomb originated on the other side of the Atlantic. In July 1941, just days after finding the second National Academy of Sciences report so disappointing, Vannevar Bush received a copy of a draft report forwarded from the National Defense Research Committee liaison office in London. The report, prepared by a group codenamed the MAUD Committee and set up by the British in spring 1940 to study the possibility of developing a nuclear weapon, maintained that a sufficiently purified critical mass of uranium-235 could fission even with fast neutrons. Building upon theoretical work on atomic bombs performed by refugee physicists Rudolf Peierls and Otto Frisch in 1940 and 1941, the MAUD report estimated that a critical mass of ten kilograms would be large enough to produce an enormous explosion. A bomb this size could be loaded on existing aircraft and be ready in approximately two years.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Manhattan Project: Picking Horses, November 1942  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

General Leslie Groves PICKING HORSES General Leslie Groves PICKING HORSES (November 1942) Events > Difficult Choices, 1942 More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 Leslie Groves (right) moved swiftly to make good on his new timetable by scheduling a decisive meeting of the Military Policy Committee for November 12, 1942, and of the S-1 Executive Committee for November 14. The scientists at each of the institutions doing isotope separation research knew these meetings would determine the uranium-235 separation method to be used in the bomb project; therefore, the keen competition among the institutions added to the sense of urgency created by the war. Ernest Lawrence's team working on the electromagnetic method at the University of California, Berkeley, remained the most optimistic team working on uranium enrichment. The gaseous diffusion research being conducted at Columbia University continued to meet serious difficulties, but it was still considered a viable option. The big loser of the November meetings was the centrifuge process, which was finally dropped from consideration.

302

Manhattan Project: More Uranium Research, 1942  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Cubes of uranium metal, Los Alamos, 1945 MORE URANIUM RESEARCH Cubes of uranium metal, Los Alamos, 1945 MORE URANIUM RESEARCH (1942) Events > Difficult Choices, 1942 More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 During the first half of 1942, several routes to a bomb via uranium continued to be explored. At Columbia University, Harold Urey worked on the gaseous diffusion and centrifuge systems for isotope separation in the codenamed SAM (Substitute or Special Alloy Metals) Laboratory. At Berkeley, Ernest Lawrence continued his investigations on electromagnetic separation using the "calutron" he had converted from his thirty-seven-inch cyclotron. Phillip Abelson, who had moved from the Carnegie Institution and the National Bureau of Standards to the Naval Research Laboratory, continued his work on liquid thermal diffusion but with few positive results, and he had lost all contact with the S-1 Section of the Office of Scientific Research and Development. Meanwhile Eger Murphree's group hurriedly studied ways to move from laboratory experiments to production facilities.

303

Manhattan Project: Einstein's Letter to Roosevelt  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

EINSTEIN'S LETTER TO ROOSEVELT Albert Einstein (with Leo Szilard) to President Franklin Roosevelt, August 2, 1939 Resources > Library Below are photographs of both pages of the letter written by Albert Einstein, with the help of Leo Szilard, to President Franklin Roosevelt on August 2, 1939, warning Roosevelt of the dangers posed by nuclear energy. Click here for more background on the writing of this letter. The photographs of the pages themselves are courtesy the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum. First page of Einstein's letter to Roosevelt, August 2, 1939. Second page of Einstein's letter to Roosevelt, August 2, 1939. Click on a link below to return to Einstein's Letter, 1939 Albert Einstein Library Sources and notes for this page.

304

Manhattan Project: Y-12 Construction, 1943  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Groundbreaking for Y-12, Oak Ridge Y-12: CONSTRUCTION Groundbreaking for Y-12, Oak Ridge Y-12: CONSTRUCTION (Oak Ridge: Clinton, 1943) Events > The Uranium Path to the Bomb, 1942-1944 Y-12: Design, 1942-1943 Y-12: Construction, 1943 Y-12: Operation, 1943-1944 Working K-25 into the Mix, 1943-1944 The Navy and Thermal Diffusion, 1944 Groundbreaking for the Alpha plant of the Y-12 Electromagnetic Plant took place at Oak Ridge on February 18, 1943 (right). Soon blueprints could not be produced fast enough to keep up with construction as Stone & Webster labored to meet Leslie Groves's deadline. The Beta facility was actually begun before formal authorization. While laborers were aggressively recruited, there was always a shortage of workers skilled Y-12 construction, Oak Ridge enough to perform jobs according to the rigid specifications. (A further complication was that some tasks could be performed only by workers with security clearances.) Huge amounts of material had to be obtained (38 million board feet of lumber, for instance), and the magnets needed so much copper for windings that the Army had to borrow almost 15,000 tons of silver bullion from the United States Treasury to fabricate into strips and wind on to coils as a substitute for copper. Treasury silver was also used to manufacture the busbars that ran around the top of the racetracks.

305

Manhattan Project: Atomic Discoveries, 1890s-1939  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Excerpt from the comic book "Adventures Inside the Atom." Click on this image or visit the "Library" to view the whole comic book. ATOMIC DISCOVERIES Excerpt from the comic book "Adventures Inside the Atom." Click on this image or visit the "Library" to view the whole comic book. ATOMIC DISCOVERIES (1890s-1939) Events A Miniature Solar System, 1890s-1919 Exploring the Atom, 1919-1932 Atomic Bombardment, 1932-1938 The Discovery of Fission, 1938-1939 Fission Comes to America, 1939 Philosophers of Ancient Greece reasoned that all matter in the universe must be composed of fundamental, unchangeable, and indivisible objects, which they called "atoma" ("ατoµα"). The exact nature of these atoms remained elusive, however, despite centuries of attempts by alchemists to create a "philosopher's stone" that could transmute atoms of lead to gold, prove the Greeks wrong, and make its inventors Modern model of an atom very rich. It was only in the late 1890s and the early twentieth-century that this view of a solid atom, bouncing around the universe like a billiard ball, was replaced by an atom that resembled more a miniature solar system, its electrons orbiting around a small nucleus. Explorations into the nature of the atom from 1919 to 1932 confirmed this new model, especially with Ernest Rutherford's 1919 success in finally transmuting an atom of one substance into another and with James Chadwick's 1932 discovery of the elusive final basic particle of the atom, the neutron. From 1932 to 1938, scientists around the world learned a great deal more about atoms, primarily by bombarding the nuclei of atoms and using a variety of particle accelerators. In 1938, word came from Berlin of the most startling result of them all: the nucleus of an atom could actually be split in two, or "fissioned." This breakthrough was quickly confirmed in the United States and elsewhere. According to the theories of Albert Einstein, the fission of an atom should result in a release of energy. An "atomic bomb" was now no longer just science fiction -- it was a distinct possibility.

306

Manhattan Project: Fission Comes to America, 1939  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Excerpt from the comic book "Adventures Inside the Atom." Click on this image or visit the "Library" to view the whole comic book. FISSION COMES TO AMERICA Excerpt from the comic book "Adventures Inside the Atom." Click on this image or visit the "Library" to view the whole comic book. FISSION COMES TO AMERICA (1939) Events > Atomic Discoveries, 1890s-1939 A Miniature Solar System, 1890s-1919 Exploring the Atom, 1919-1932 Atomic Bombardment, 1932-1938 The Discovery of Fission, 1938-1939 Fission Comes to America, 1939 News of the fission experiments of Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann, and of the Meitner-Frisch calculations that confirmed them, spread rapidly. Meitner and Frisch communicated their results to Niels Bohr, who was in Copenhagen preparing to depart for the United States via Sweden and England. Bohr confirmed the validity of the findings while sailing to New York City, arriving on January 16, 1939. Ten days later Bohr, accompanied by Enrico Fermi, communicated the latest developments to some European émigré scientists who had preceded him to this country and to members of the American scientific community at the opening session of a conference on theoretical physics in Washington, D.C.

307

Manhattan Project: Atomic Bombardment, 1932-1938  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Solvay Physics Conference, Brussels, October 1933 ATOMIC BOMBARDMENT Solvay Physics Conference, Brussels, October 1933 ATOMIC BOMBARDMENT (1932-1938) Events > Atomic Discoveries, 1890s-1939 A Miniature Solar System, 1890s-1919 Exploring the Atom, 1919-1932 Atomic Bombardment, 1932-1938 The Discovery of Fission, 1938-1939 Fission Comes to America, 1939 M. Stanley Livingston and Ernest O. Lawrence in front of a 27-inch cyclotron, Rad Lab, University of California, Berkeley, 1934. In the 1930s, scientists learned a tremendous amount about the structure of the atom by bombarding it with sub-atomic particles. Ernest O. Lawrence's cyclotron, the Cockroft-Walton machine, and the Van de Graaff generator, developed by Robert J. Van de Graaff at Princeton University, were particle accelerators designed to bombard the nuclei of various elements to disintegrate atoms. Attempts of the early 1930s to split atoms, however, required huge amounts of energy because the first accelerators used proton beams and alpha particles as sources of energy. Since protons and alpha particles are positively charged, they Albert Einstein met substantial resistance from the positively charged target nucleus when they attempted to penetrate atoms. Even high-speed protons and alpha particles scored direct hits on a nucleus only approximately once in a million tries. Most simply passed by the target nucleus. Not surprisingly, Ernest Rutherford, Albert Einstein (right), and Niels Bohr regarded particle bombardment as useful in furthering knowledge of nuclear physics but believed it unlikely to meet public expectations of harnessing the power of the atom for practical purposes anytime in the near future. In a 1933 interview, Rutherford called such expectations "moonshine." Einstein compared particle bombardment with shooting in the dark at scarce birds, while Bohr, the Danish Nobel laureate, agreed that the chances of taming atomic energy were remote.

308

Manhattan Project: Enter the Army, 1942  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Army parade, Los Alamos ENTER THE ARMY Army parade, Los Alamos ENTER THE ARMY (1942) Events > Difficult Choices, 1942 More Uranium Research, 1942 More Piles and Plutonium, 1942 Enter the Army, 1942 Groves and the MED, 1942 Picking Horses, November 1942 Final Approval to Build the Bomb, December 1942 The decision to proceed with planning for the production of enriched uranium and of plutonium led directly to the involvement of the Army, specifically the Corps of Engineers. President Roosevelt had approved Army involvement on October 9, 1941, and Vannevar Bush had arranged for Army participation at S-1 meetings beginning in March 1942. The need for security suggested placing the S-1 program within one of the armed forces, and the construction expertise of the Corps of Engineers made it the logical choice to build the production facilities envisioned in the Conant report of May 23.

309

The Manhattan Project | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Fehner and Gosling, Origins of the Nevada Test Site Fehner and Gosling, Atmospheric Nuclear Weapons Testing, 1951-1963. Battlefield of the Cold War: The Nevada Test Site,...

310

Manhattan, Montana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8563173°, -111.3307931° 8563173°, -111.3307931° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.8563173,"lon":-111.3307931,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

311

Winnipegosis case history: Tableland Saskatchewan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The geology and history of exploration in the Tableland area of southeast Saskatchewan will be reviewed in relation to a major Middle Devonian Winnipegosis oil discovery made in 1986 by Home Oil. Southern Saskatchewan is underlain by the northern third of the Williston basin. Although rich oil deposits have been found in the Devonian of the basin on the American side, dry holes have been the rule in Saskatchewan except for the Hummingbird Upper Devonian Birdbear discovery in 1966. The long history of failures in the Winnipegosis Formation had led to a general reluctance in the industry to drill deep wells especially with today's lower crude prices. Based on geology, seismic data, and modeling, Home Oil drilled Tableland 08-22-002-09W2M in february 1986 and encountered an oil-bearing Winnipegosis reef. This well has the highest production rate of any well in Saskatchewan and is the first commercially significant Winnipegosis well in a basinal setting within the Williston basin. A state-of-the-art pseudo 3-D processing of all the existing 2-D seismic data was performed to aid in choosing development well locations. As a result of this discovery, deep exploration plays in southeast Saskatchewan are now being pursued aggressively by many companies.

Orr, N.E.; Martindale, W.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Department of Energy, 1977-1994, A Summary History | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy, 1977-1994, A Summary History Department of Energy, 1977-1994, A Summary History history fo the Department of Energy Department of Energy, 1977-1994, A Summary History More...

313

CEUSP_timeline_final_print-ready  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Early Early 1960's The Atomic Energy Commission sponsored a test irradiation of the reactor fuel at the Consolidated Edison Indian Point-1 Reactor in Buchanan, New York. 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 December 1968 - January 1969 Purified uranium was extracted at West Valley Demonstration Project (WVDP) from this fuel. The uranium was chemically separated from the transuranics, fission products, and other constituents common in reactor fuel. 1969 - 1985 The material was stored in a single tank in Building 3019 for 17 years. Cadmium and gadolinium were added to the solution for neutron absorption for criticality control and the tank was routinely monitored. 1985 - 1986 Stored solution was solidified at high temperature in a single campaign into individual small containers (canisters) to

314

HEALTH CARE REFORM TIMELINE YEAR PROVISION DESCRIPTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the HHS Secretary. Medicare rebate for "donut hole" · Provides a $250 rebate to Medicare beneficiaries who that improve healthcare quality. · Insurers are required to rebate premiums if loss ratios do not meet

Schwarz, Thomas

315

Timeline of Events: 2008 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Shelf, 2) expand oil production by tapping into the "extraordinary potential" of oil shale, 3) expand American oil production by permitting exploration in northern Alaska,...

316

Timeline of Events: 2010 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the potential environmental impact of hydraulic fracturing to extract gas and oil from shale. The Department's research efforts to develop hydraulic fracturing have provided a...

317

Timeline of Events: 2004 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

alternatives for 1) disposing of immobilized low-activity waste from the Hanford tanks, low-level waste, and mixed low-level waste; 2) treating mixed low-level waste; and 3)...

318

EM Historical Timeline | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Stuart Harris, far right, explains the purpose of the Tribes' greenhouses to Senior Advisor for Environmental Management David Huizenga, center, and Richland Operations Office...

319

Timeline of Events: 2001 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

are sport utility vehicles, vans and pickup trucks, the PNGV program is out of step with markets and consumer demand." August 13, 2001 At a meeting in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, the...

320

Settlement Agreement Timeline Date Time Frame  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plan.... UCLA and Regents will also ensure that the Laboratory Safety Manuals are maintained/25/12 SOP requirement exists in current regulations. Campus must begin to implement review process with Title 8's requirements for Standard Operating Procedures ("SOPs"). The Principal Investigator and all

Tsien, Roger Y.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Audit Report Timeline | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Platform Project Plan for 2009-2010 Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM) Ex parte Memo Exhibit D: Mirant Potomac River Schedule of Unit Operations: Supplement...

322

Timeline of Events: 2003 | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

used in the drilling of horizontal offshoots from existing vertical wells into oil- and gas-bearing formations that previously were deemed uneconomic, the flexible pipe can remain...

323

Timeline of Events: 2012 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

requirements specified in Clean Air Act." These include "biofuels produced from camelina oil, energy cane, giant reed, and napiergrass." January 5, 2012 The Export-Import Bank of...

324

Timeline of Events: 2005 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

challenges that we face, including high prices for gasoline, heating oil and natural gas, power blackouts and shortages in some regions of natural gas and electricity," he...

325

Key Events Timeline | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

with the April 20 fire on the Deepwater Horizon through July 28th. Updated July 28, 2010. BPFlow-eventtimeline72810.xls More Documents & Publications Microsoft...

326

Solar Innovation Timeline | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

cell Photo of two researchers analyzing a thin, circular shaped film under a small light. NREL researchers develop a gallium indium phosphidegallium arsenide solar cell...

327

Timeline of Events: 2002 | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

by 2025. The Department is setting aside 216 million under the Accelerated Cleanup Reform Account for SRS. July 15, 2002 Secretary Abraham announces a major mission realignment...

328

Timeline Print | National Nuclear Security Administration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commission. January 31, 1950 Washington, DC President Truman Orders Development of Thermonuclear Weapon President Truman Orders Development of Thermonuclear Weapon President...

329

ARM Orientation: Overview and History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ARM Orientation: ARM Orientation: Overview and History Warren Wiscombe ARM Chief Scientist Brookhaven & NASA ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement 2 Mar 2006 ARM Orientation You want me to be Chief Scientist? Can you believe this guy? ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement 3 Mar 2006 ARM Orientation ARM in a nutshell ARM in a nutshell * * Largest global change research program Largest global change research program funded by the U.S. Department of Energy funded by the U.S. Department of Energy ($44M/yr; ~ ($44M/yr; ~ $10M/yr fo $10M/yr fo r Science Team r Science Team ) ) * * Created to improve cloud and radiation Created to improve cloud and radiation physics and cloud simulation capabilities in physics and cloud simulation capabilities in

330

Our History | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

History | National Nuclear Security Administration History | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Our History Home > About Us > Our History Our History The NNSA was established by Congress in 2000 as a separately organized agency within the U.S. Department of Energy, responsible for the management and security of the nation's nuclear weapons, nuclear nonproliferation,

331

The History of Element 43Technetium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The History of Element 43Technetium ... Department of Mining, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Laval University, G1K 7P4 Quebec City, Canada ...

Fathi Habashi

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

1 Introduction 4 1.1 History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . *  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contents 1 Introduction 4 1.1 History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . * * 4 1.1.1 Early Experimental Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.2 Structure of This Paper

Martin, Alain

333

A Postage Stamp History of Chemistry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An earlier historical article in Applied Spectroscopy used postage stamps to provide colorful illustrations for a short history of spectroscopy. Since the Editor has kindly...

Miller, Foil A

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

A History of the Atomic Energy Commission  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A History of the Atomic Energy Commission - written by Alice L. BuckWashington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Energy, July 1983.41 pp.

335

The History of the Microscope  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the Microscope the Microscope Nature Bulletin No. 506 November 9, 1957 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Daniel Ryan, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor David H. Thompson, Senior Naturalist THE HISTORY OF THE MICROSCOPE During that historic period known as the Renaissance, after the "dark" Middle Ages, there occurred the inventions of printing, gunpowder and the mariner's compass, followed by the discovery of America. Equally remarkable was the invention of the microscope: an instrument that enables the human eye, by means of a lens or combinations of lenses, to observe enlarged images of tiny objects. It made visible the fascinating details of worlds within worlds. Long before, in the hazy unrecorded past, someone picked up a piece of transparent crystal thicker in the middle than at the edges, looked through it, and discovered that it made things look larger. Someone also found that such a crystal would focus the sun's rays and set fire to a piece of parchment or cloth. Magnifiers and "burning glasses" are mentioned in the writings of Seneca and Pliny the Elder, Roman philosophers during the first century A. D., but apparently they were not used much until the invention of spectacles, toward the end of the 13th century. They were named lenses because they are shaped like the seeds of a lentil.

336

The History of Arbor Day  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Arbor Day Arbor Day Nature Bulletin No. 227-A April 23, 1966 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE HISTORY OF ARBOR DAY Most holidays remind us of past events, but Arbor Day, set aside for the planting of trees, looks toward the future. That is truly conservation. Conservation may be defined as the wise use of all our natural resources for the permanent good of all the people . It is a way of living that looks toward the future. The idea of Arbor Day started on January 4, 1872, when J. Sterling Morton, then a member of the Nebraska Board of Agriculture, introduced a resolution that: "Wednesday, the tenth day of April, 1872, be and the same is hereby especially set apart and consecrated for the planting of trees in the State of Nebraska and the State Board of Agriculture hereby name it Arbor Day; and to urge upon the people of the State the vital importance of tree planting .... .

337

LAMPF reliability history and program  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many years of service of the 800?MeV LAMPF H+/H? linac offers the opportunity to evaluate the long?term reliability characteristics of a high?power machine which with up to 800?kW beam power available is as close to an ADTT machine as exists in the world today. Records from the last 15 years of operation were analyzed for trends and areas of deteriorating reliability or disproportionate downtime and used to support engineering judgment on facility refurbishment to regain beam availability. This round of analysis has helped define a further level of detail and automation to be implemented in availability recording. Interesting features which emerge from the history include a clear measurement of the lower availability in the first operating cycle following extended maintenance periods and a consistent picture of the highest availability to be expected in extended operating periods with the facility as used and maintained. The results provide a starting point for informed discussion of reliability goals.

Olin van Dyck

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

A Brief History of Mass Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Brief History of Mass Spectrometry ... More complete histories of MS are available both in print (e.g., Ref. 1) and on the web. ... He began his academic career as an electrical engineer but, because of the paucity of engineering courses available at the time, eventually turned to physics for his graduate work at the Minnesota. ...

Jennifer Griffiths

2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

339

Center for History of Chemistry Inaugurated  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Center for History of Chemistry Inaugurated ... The center already is laying out an active and varied set of programs to discover and disseminate information about chemical historical resources and to encourage research, scholarship, and popular writing about the history of chemistry, chemical engineering, and chemical process industries. ...

RICHARD J. SELTZER

1983-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

340

Report. Web of Science History project  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...by the Public Record Office at Kew. Web Of Science History|The Royal Society|Public Record Office| 383 Notes Rec. R...Aids for the History of Science, Technology and the...through the Public Record Office site, it is possible...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Hypothetical Temporal Reasoning with History (Extended Version)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a history--encoding based methodology developed by Chomicki for checking dynamic database integrityHypothetical Temporal Reasoning with History Encoding (Extended Version) Marcelo Arenas constraints into a situation­calculus based specification of database updates as proposed by Reiter. By doing

Bertossi, Leopoldo

342

HISTORY OF WEATHER OBSERVATIONS MOUNT AUBURN, OHIO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HISTORY OF WEATHER OBSERVATIONS MOUNT AUBURN, OHIO 1861 - 1881 October 2004 Prepared By Glen Conner Center under the auspices of the Climate Database Modernization Program, NOAA's National Climatic Data;1 HISTORY OF WEATHER OBSERVATIONS MOUNT AUBURN, OHIO 1861-1881 Glen Conner Kentucky State Climatologist

Maynard, J. Barry

343

Fostering the rebirth of natural history  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Hampton 1 * Terry A. Wheeler 2 * Author for correspondence...past the forensic study of natural history...detailed natural history studies, museum collections...access to natural systems by the general public...was designed to foster stimulating discourse...and environmental studies exploit a tiny fraction...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Archives and History Office: Digital Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resources > Digital Resources Resources > Digital Resources Digital Resources Informal History, Part 1 The Histories page provides publications that examine SLAC history or particular events, experiments, and equipment. Publications are listed in reverse chronological order (i.e. newest listed first). Edward L. Ginzton and the MARK III accelerator at Stanford University as it nears its completion in 1952. Copies of Stanford University Physics Department Project M Reports held by the SLAC Archives and History Office, including those produced by the Microwave Lab, and the High-Energy Physics Lab (HEPL) have been scanned and are now available online. Linac construction site showing curved and straight sections in rain and mud, 1963. Copies of ABA reports held by the SLAC Archives have been scanned and are now available online along with a list of ABA numbered reports relating to the development of the SLAC proposal and known to the SLAC Archives and History Office.

345

CRSP Transmission Sales Rate History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Updated: 12/20/2013 Updated: 12/20/2013 CRSP Transmission Sales Rate History Rate Schedule Effective Dates Nonfirm (Mills/kWh) Firm ($/kW-yr.) Firm ($/kW-mo.) None Through 3/83 1.000 $ 6.60 $0.55 SP-FT1 4/83 - 6/86 N.A. $10.27 $0.86 SP-NFT1 4/83 - 6/86 2.000 N.A. SP-FT2 7/86 - 6/89 N.A. $15.94 $1.33 SP-NFT2 7/86 - 7/89 3.100 N.A. SP-FT3 7/89 - 9/92 N.A. $21.72 $1.81 SP-NFT3 8/89 - 3/98 Mutually Agreed N.A. SP-FT4 10/92 - 3/98 N.A. $22.68 $1.89 SP-NFT4 4/98 - 3/03 Mutually Agreed N.A. SP-PTP5 4/98 - 3/99 N.A. $26.70 $2.23 4/99 - 3/00 N.A. $26.19 $2.18 4/00 - 3/01 N.A. $26.14 $2.18 4/01 - 3/02 N.A. $25.63 $2.14 4/02 - 9/02 N.A. $21.33 $1.78 SP-NFT5 10/02 - 9/07 Mutually Agreed N.A. 10/07-9/08 Mutually Agreed N.A. SP-PTP6 10/02 - 9/03 N.A. $24.72 $2.06

346

History of the DOE Human Genome Program  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

History of the DOE Human Genome Program History of the DOE Human Genome Program The following history is taken from the U.S. Department of Energy 1991-91 Human Genome Program Report (June 1992). This is an archived item. A brief history of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Human Genome Program will be useful in a discussion of the objectives of the DOE program as well as those of the collaborative U.S. Human Genome Project. The Office of Health and Environmental Research (OHER) of DOE and its predecessor agencies--the Atomic Energy Commission and the Energy Research and Development Administration--have long sponsored research into genetics, both in microbial systems and in mammals, including basic studies on genome structure, replication, damage, and repair and the consequences of genetic

347

Environmental History of Air Pollution and Protection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Concerns about air pollution have a long and complex history. Complaints ... of ancient Athens and Rome. But urban air quality worsened considerably during the Industrial Revolution, ... Despite the tangible natu...

Stephen Mosley

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

The Italian National Solar Energy History Project  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This poster presentation introduces The Italian National Solar Energy History Project (The Project) to the participants of the ISES SWC 2007. The Project is currently being promoted by the Italian National Com...

Cesare Silvi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

grid history | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the grid? black out brown out bulk power system electricity grid future grid grid history security Smart Grid transmission We all rely on it but what do you really know about our...

350

History of Beekeeping in Developing World  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

History depict human beings as stewards of creation, utilizing nature for human prosperity, but in order to receive the product of honeybees, or their pollination services, human beings have to care for and as...

Rakesh Kumar Gupta; M. S. Khan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Collaborative use of individual search histories  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......e.g., via e-mail). During searches of both the intranet and Internet for job resolution, one engineer commented...control the automatic recording of search histories. The characteristics of this control, however, are subject to the environment......

Anita Komlodi; Wayne G. Lutters

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Edmund G. Brown Jr. LIFE HISTORY PARAMETERS OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

History Parameters of Common Marine Fish Subject to Entrainment. California Energy Commission, PIER · Renewable Energy Technologies · Transportation Life History Parameters of Common Southern California MEdmund G. Brown Jr. Governor LIFE HISTORY PARAMETERS OF COMMON SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA MARINE FISHES

353

Thirteenth Annual International Graduate Student Conference on Transatlantic History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thirteenth Annual International Graduate Student Conference on Transatlantic History Thursday October 25, 2012 The University of Texas at Arlington The Transatlantic History Student Organization (THSO International Graduate Student Conference on Transatlantic History. Schedule of Panels Keynote Address Diaspora

Texas at Arlington, University of

354

The History of Cartography in a Nutshell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

l?apertura degli spazi, vol. I, p. 26 Also: History of Cartography, vol. I, plate 5. (Online at: http://www.romansites.com/carta_dell'impero.htm) 16. Map of the London "Tube" (Online at: http://www.tfl.gov...Coordinates Series B, No. 10 The History of Cartography in a Nutshell Persistent URL for citation: http://purl.oclc.org/ coordinates/b10.pdf Date of Publication: 06/03/08 Vladimiro Valerio Vladimiro Valerio (e-mail: vladimir...

Valerio, Vladimiro

2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

355

Atomic Power in Space: A History  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

"Atomic Power in Space," a history of the Space Isotope Power Program of the United States, covers the period from the program's inception in the mid-1950s through 1982. Written in non-technical language, the history is addressed to both the general public and those more specialized in nuclear and space technologies. Interplanetary space exploration successes and achievements have been made possible by this technology, for which there is no known substitue.

1987-03-00T23:59:59.000Z

356

Building Technologies Program: History of Federal Appliance Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

History of Federal History of Federal Appliance Standards to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Program: History of Federal Appliance Standards on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Program: History of Federal Appliance Standards on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Program: History of Federal Appliance Standards on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Program: History of Federal Appliance Standards on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Program: History of Federal Appliance Standards on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Program: History of Federal Appliance Standards on AddThis.com... About Standards & Test Procedures Implementation, Certification & Enforcement Rulemakings & Notices Further Guidance ENERGY STAR® Popular Links

357

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

History History of the Weatherization Assistance Program to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on AddThis.com...

358

Mammoth Geothermal, A Development History | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal, A Development History Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Mammoth Geothermal, A Development History Abstract No abstract...

359

Chronological History of Federal Energy-Efficient Product Procurement...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Chronological History of Federal Energy-Efficient Product Procurement: Executive, Legislative and Regulatory Requirements, Actions and Mandates Chronological History of Federal...

360

Crystallization screening: the influence of history on current practice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The rich history of crystallization and how that history influences current practices is described. The tremendous impact of crystallization screens on the field is discussed.

Luft, J.R.

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

A History of Geothermal Energy Research and Development in the...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

A History of Geothermal Energy Research and Development in the United States: Exploration 1976-2006 A History of Geothermal Energy Research and Development in the United States:...

362

State Energy Program Goals, Metrics, and History | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

State Energy Program Goals, Metrics, and History State Energy Program Goals, Metrics, and History The mission of the State Energy Program (SEP) is to provide leadership to maximize...

363

IND Filing, Timelines,IND Filing, Timelines, Paperwork and ReportsPaperwork and Reports  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-IND Process for academics Request pre-IND mtg FDA will respond with the date 60 days 14 days Pre-IND mtg FDA and send to FDA Project Manager #12;Pre-IND Consultation Contacts http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DevelopmentApprovalProcess/HowDrugsareDevelopedandApproved/ApprovalApplica tions/InvestigationalNewDrugINDApplication/Overview/default.htm #12;Overview of IND Process

Carmichael, Owen

364

Ed Westcotts photography goes on the road  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the Manhattan Project by famed local photographer Ed Westcott, is going on the road. The Oak Ridge Secret City Photographic History Exhibit consists of selected images from many...

365

Gallery of Historic Photos | Y-12 National Security Complex  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Gallery of Historic Photos Gallery of Historic Photos Ed Westcott Manhattan Project official photographer. All photos in our History section are by Ed Westcott, the government's...

366

History and Impacts | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Appliance & Equipment Standards » About » History and Impacts Appliance & Equipment Standards » About » History and Impacts History and Impacts Appliance and equipment efficiency standards have served as one of the nation's most effective policies for improving energy efficiency. The first standards were enacted at the state level in California in 1974. At the national level, the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) was enacted in 1975, and established a federal program consisting of test procedures, labeling, and energy targets for consumer products. EPCA was amended in 1979 and directed the Department of Energy (DOE) to establish energy conservation standards for consumer products. The National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987 established minimum efficiency standards for many common household appliances. Congress set

367

SPEAR History | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SPEAR History SPEAR History Experimental Facilities : The SPEAR Storage Ring Stanford University has a long history of involvement in the development and use of colliding-beam storage rings for particle physics research. The first such machine at Stanford was a small electron-electron collider, shaped like a figure eight, located on the main campus. A collaborative effort between physicists from Princeton and Stanford Universities, this project produced the first physics results ever obtained with the colliding-beam technique. Stanford Positron Electron Accelerating Ring The next in the succession of Stanford colliders was the SPEAR (Stanford Positron Electron Accelerating Ring) machine at SLAC, completed in 1972. SPEAR consists of a single ring some 80 meters in diameter, in which counter-rotating beams of electrons

368

The Life History of a Pond  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

History of a Pond History of a Pond Nature Bulletin No. 617 November 12, 1960 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Daniel Ryan, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor David H. Thompson, Senior Naturalist THE LIFE HISTORY OF A POND In the Palos division of the Forest Preserve District there is an extraordinary number of ponds and sloughs Many were created by damming the outlets from wet places; some were originally farm ponds that we have restored. The largest and probably oldest pond is located in Swallow Cliff Woods, west of the picnic area in a grove of white pines planted about 40 years ago. The pond is dying. Like most others, if undisturbed, after fifty years or so it will be forgotten because in its place there will be trees willows, cottonwoods, soft maples, and probably swamp white and bur oaks. Indeed, at one time it had already filled up until, after being drained by tile, corn was grown there.

369

Environmental Justice History | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Justice History Justice History Environmental Justice History The exact start of the environmental justice movement in America is not clear. Local groups have complained about unwanted land uses for decades. Prior to the early eighties, these local protests were considered isolated and protesting communities were complaining by themselves and not associated with others similarly situated in other communities. This isolated protesting all changed in the early 1980's and the environmental justice movement became a national social and racial protest that galvanized communities across the country seeking social justice and environmental protection. The initial environmental justice spark sprang from a Warren County, North Carolina, protest. In 1982, a small, predominately African-American community was designated to host a hazardous

370

History of Research Reactors at Brookhaven  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

History of Research Reactors at Brookhaven History of Research Reactors at Brookhaven Brookhaven National Laboratory has three nuclear reactors on its site that were used for scientific research. The reactors are all shut down, and the Laboratory is addressing environmental issues associated with their operations. photo of BGRR Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor - Beginning operations in 1950, the graphite reactor was used for research in medicine, biology, chemistry, physics and nuclear engineering. One of the most significant achievements at this facility was the development of technetium-99m, a radiopharmaceutical widely used to image almost any organ in the body. The graphite reactor was shut down in 1969. Parts of it have been decommissioned, with the remainder to be addressed by 2011. More history

371

Preserving and Querying Histories of XML-Published Relational Databases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preserving and Querying Histories of XML-Published Relational Databases Fusheng Wang and Carlo the evolution history of such a view as yet another XML document, whereby the complete history of the database, and identify and select those which are best for representing and querying database histories. We show

Zaniolo, Carlo

372

Recent Bhutanese Scholarship in History and Anthropology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. - (1999). dpal 'brug pa rin po che Zhabs drung Ngag dbang rnam rgyal gyi rnam thar, Thimphu: Dzongkha Development Commission. dGeshes Brag phug dGe 'dun rinchen (1926-1997), 69th rJe mkhanpo (1971) 'Gro bai mgon po chos rje Kun dga'legs pai rnam thar rgya... , not only to the history of Bhutan but to the history of the Himalayan region as well, is very important. Among the many scholars of past centuries, there are a number we can name more particularly: the 4th Je Khenpo, Ngawang Lhungrub3 who wrote...

Pommaret, Franoise

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information |  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

spotlights The Manhattan Project spotlights The Manhattan Project by Rita Hohenbrink on Tue, 30 Jul, 2013 Calutron (Y-12) Operators Manhattan Project Sixty-eight years ago, an atomic bomb was detonated on an isolated corner of southern New Mexico in a weapon test named Trinity. This month, The Manhattan Project: Resources, a web-based, joint collaboration between the Department's Office of Classification and Office of History and Heritage Resources has been launched. The site is designed to disseminate information and documentation on the Manhattan Project to a broad audience including scholars, students, and the general public. OSTI is hosting this information as part of the OpenNet web site. Manhattan Project Resources consists of two parts: 1) a multi-page, easy to read and navigate Manhattan Project: An Interactive History providing a

374

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405, Section 001  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405, Section 001 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Fall, 2012 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:00 p.m. Place: 120 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

375

Derek R. Peterson Department of History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Church History, for Ethnic Patriotism and the East African Revival 2009 Elected Fellow of the Royal for Research Libraries/Cooperative Africana Microfilms Project grant to fund the `Project to Preserve and Economic Research, $1,500,000 2012 Center for Research Libraries/Cooperative Africana Microfilms Project

Edwards, Paul N.

376

A History of DROUGHT IN COLORADO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A History of DROUGHT IN COLORADO LESSONS LEARNED AND WHAT LIES AHEAD by Thomas B. McKee, Nolan J. Doesken, John Kleist Colorado Climate Center Atmospheric Science Department Colorado State University and Catherine J. Shrier Colorado Water Resources Research Institute in collaboration with William P. Stanton

377

State and Transition Modeling History & Current Concepts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

management input · Friedel(1991) concentrated on thresholds ­ "...compatible with state and transition theoryState and Transition Modeling History & Current Concepts Tamzen K. Stringham Oregon State vegetation change #12;· Non-equilibrium Models (States, Transitions and Thresholds) ­ Encompass Range

378

Web History and Economics Andrew Odlyzko  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Web History and Economics Andrew Odlyzko School of Mathematics University of Minnesota Minneapolis Abstract. In retrospect, the Web appears a very natural development, a byprod- uct of the growth of the information and communication technologies (ICT) sector. Still, the success of the Web was actually attained

Odlyzko, Andrew M.

379

History and philosophy of science at Leeds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...MA) and within the medical curriculum; and Leeds...developed for electric lighting required ever greater...resisting electrical lighting to show that the process...interest in the history of medical instrumentation, both...partnerships with the Thackray medical museum in Leeds.36...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

POLYPLOIDY AND THE EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY OF COTTON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POLYPLOIDY AND THE EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY OF COTTON Jonathan F. Wendel1 and Richard C. Cronn2 1, Cytogenetic, and Phylogenetic Framework A. Origin and Diversification of the Gossypieae, the Cotton Tribe B The cotton genus (Gossypium ) includes approximately 50 species distributed in arid to semi-arid regions

Wendel, Jonathan F.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

100 years of history Queen's University Belfast  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

100 years of history Queen's University Belfast School of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Centenary 1912 - 2012 This site celebrates 100 years of electrical and mechanical engineering degrees in engineering and in engineering education. Prior to 1912 When the Queen's College Belfast was established

Martin, Ralph R.

382

AFRON $10 Robot Challenge 0.) HISTORY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AFRON $10 Robot Challenge 0.) HISTORY When I graduated from engineering school (many years ago) one of a paint shop. I designed a digital line scan camera interface and colorimetry equipment to provide size in the technology education curriculum and decided to use my earlier work as the basis for an affordable robotic

Napp, Nils

383

The history of nuclear weapon safety devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper presents the history of safety devices used in nuclear weapons from the early days of separables to the latest advancements in MicroElectroMechanical Systems (MEMS). Although the paper focuses on devices, the principles of Enhanced Nuclear Detonation Safety implementation will also be presented.

Plummer, D.W.; Greenwood, W.H.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

History of the approach to ignition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Japan) (TFTR, USA) current-drive...DT operation TFTR (USA) 50:50 mixture...sudden loss of plasma energy to the wall accompanied...Lond. A (1999) History of the approach to...birthplace in Princeton (USA) to Ger- many and...external coils. The price is technical complexity...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

INVESTIGATION Inferring Admixture Histories of Human Populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and apply to test for admixture among all populations from the Human Genome Diversity Project (HGDPINVESTIGATION Inferring Admixture Histories of Human Populations Using Linkage Disequilibrium Po-range migrations and the resulting admixtures between populations have been important forces shaping human genetic

Reich, David

386

Vignettes of Sweden's Computer Graphics History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vignettes of Sweden's Computer Graphics History Thomas Larsson Ma¨lardalen University, Sweden Ulf Stenlund This article recounts selected historical events in the computer graphics field in Sweden, ranging early achievements in Sweden related to the rapid development of computer graphics. Table 1 lists

Larsson, Thomas

387

Thermal history sensing with thermographic phosphors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ability to measure temperatures on high thermal loaded components in gas turbines and similar prime movers is critical during the design phase if the performance of cooling strategies is to be confirmed. Restricted access and the extreme environment mean that on-line temperature measurement is not always possible and that off-line temperature techniques employing thermal history sensors are sometimes necessary. The authors have developed a new type of sensor based on ceramic phosphors. These show bright narrow band emission that is easily detected and distinguished from the background. Crystallization phase change and diffusion are all temperature dependent processes that affect the emission characteristics and that with proper calibration can be used to form a phosphor based thermal history sensor. Results from the calibration of crystallization in Y 2 SiO 5 :Tb and its application in the form of a temperature indicating paint are reviewed. A new embodiment of the phosphor thermal history sensor concept is then presented comprising a YSZ/YAG:Dy composite applied using air plasma spraying in the form of a thermal barrier coating. The coating is shown to function as a thermal history sensor albeit with a limited dynamic range.

A. L. Heyes; A. Rabhiou; J. P. Feist; A. Kempf

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Amrys O. Williams History of Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Amrys O. Williams History of Technology Preliminary Exam Reading List, 2008 Supervised by Eric You Should Know about Technology (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998). Thomas P. Hughes, Human-Built World: How to Think about Technology and Culture (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004). Nina

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

389

History of Mathematics Instructor: Sam Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MED 4015 History of Mathematics Syllabus Fall 2009 Instructor: Sam Smith Office: Barbelin 212, email smith@sju.edu, x1559 Office Hours: Tue 10:00-11:30, 1:00-2:30,Thur 10:30-11:30, or by appointment

Smith, Sam

390

Colorado Stories: Interpreting HIstory for Public Audiences at the History Colorado Center.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Interpreting cultural conflict at History Colorados communities exhibit, Colorado Stories, created a three-way dialogue between scholars, museum audiences, and community stakeholders. Four communities, Amache, Sand (more)

Convery, William III

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

,=SIGR AKD PROL'UEim HISTORY OF  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

=SIGR AKD PROL'UEim HISTORY =SIGR AKD PROL'UEim HISTORY /----------. OF u. 9, coliTRAcT w-74l2-FZG-1 Dcprtrnent of Energy Savannah R' ber Operations Of fii PCIBOXA Aiken. South Carolina 29801 B. I. du Pant de Neraure sad Company Alken, SC 2980s Dear Nr. Becheyars volume II, Design and Pmcurernurt Eistory of B&ford Engineer Work# and cliuton Sed-Worka, baa been reviewed for declssslficatim ln reapouae to a request fma 6. U. 0'lUs.r. xnltial revi& request was fa-aln L. ?. shal?nn&, AES, wl.ldngtoo, tq 6. n. O' P.ear. I have determiaed Volume If, Design sad ProcurePent Ehtoq of Nanford Enginaar works and ClAnton Semi-Works, may be declaseified. Aomrdingly, by my authority, Volume II is declassified effeotive Hay 4, 1964. Volume II h& bean deterdaed to contdn~ Section148 infonzation~ however, olswe lthasnotbeenreviewed

392

A History of the Southeastern Power Administration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Southeastern Power Administration Southeastern Power Administration 1990-2010 SERVING SOUTHEAST the Distribu teD by us Department of energy southeastern Power Administration 2012 A History of the Southeastern Power Administration 1990-2010 SERVING SOUTHEAST the ii Project contribu tors Sponsor us Department of energy, southeastern Power Administration Contracting Agency us Army corps of engineers, Mobile District Author Patricia stallings, brockington and Associates, inc. Design and Editing john cason and Alicia sullivan, brockington and Associates, inc. iii AcknowleDgeMents The author gratefully acknowledges the efforts of many individuals who contributed to make this history possible. Mrs. Melissa chastain sease initiated the project and worked tirelessly to facilitate an excellent research environment and also established an efficient

393

Nuclear reactor characteristics and operational history  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1. Capacity and Generation, Table 3. Characteristics and Operational History 1. Capacity and Generation, Table 3. Characteristics and Operational History Table 2. U.S. Nuclear Reactor Ownership Data PDF XLS Plant/Reactor Name Generator ID Utility Name - Operator Owner Name % Owned Arkansas Nuclear One 1 Entergy Arkansas Inc Entergy Arkansas Inc 100 Arkansas Nuclear One 2 Entergy Arkansas Inc Entergy Arkansas Inc 100 Beaver Valley 1 FirstEnergy Nuclear Operating Company FirstEnergy Nuclear Generation Corp 100 Beaver Valley 2 FirstEnergy Nuclear Operating Company FirstEnergy Nuclear Generation Corp 100 Braidwood Generation Station 1 Exelon Nuclear Exelon Nuclear 100 Braidwood Generation Station 2 Exelon Nuclear Exelon Nuclear 100 Browns Ferry 1 Tennessee Valley Authority Tennessee Valley Authority 100

394

Roadmap to the Project: Oral Histories  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search HREX Multimedia Related Sites Feedback Search HREX Multimedia Related Sites Feedback DOE Roadmap Experiments List Oral Histories Records Series Descriptions Overview Documents Declassified Documents Project Events ACHRE Report Uranium Miners Resources Building Public Trust Department of Defense Report Human Radiation Experiments Oral Histories Health Physicist William J. Bair, Ph.D. covers the University of Rochester's radiation biology program; Bair's radionuclide inhalation research at Hanford Site; and his management of Hanford's Biology Department and Life Sciences Program. Biochemist Waldo E. Cohn, Ph.D. covers Cohn's wartime work as Biochemistry Group leader at the University of Chicago's Metallurgical Laboratory and his tenure at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, where he helped shape America's postwar isotope production and distribution policy.

395

Oral histories at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The founding of the Hanford Engineering Works to produce plutonium is described. The 45-year defense mission has now been replaced with a peaceful mission, that of being the first site for massive cleanup of the 45-year nuclear waste. In order to establish a remedial investigation and feasibility plan, a process of discovery named the Technical Baseline Report must be performed; the task of this process is to discover all that is known about a proposed cleanup site (what the waste was, where did it go). When none of the documentation can answer the question, oral history is utilized. Some of the problems associated with the conduct of oral history interviews are described, particularly Hanford`s legacy of secrecy.

DeFord, D.H.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Sonic Load History Recorder. I. Feasibility Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The acoustic loads to which an aircraft is subjected during its lifetime must be known for structural?fatigue analysis in aircraft design. The Sonic Load History Recorder senses filters smooths and records some measure of the length of time the sound pressure has spent in a given level band. Sound?pressure?level distributions over long periods of time are calculated for a present?day aircraft from engine?operating parameters operational characteristics of the aircraft and from ambient atmospheric conditions. The requirements for a device which is designed to provide a useful description of acoustic loads at a point on an operational aircraft are developed on the basis of the SPL histories and fatigue criteria. [This work was supported under U. S. Air Force Contract AF 33(616)?7789.

N. Doelling; D. Noiseux

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

The Tevatron Hadron Collider: A short history  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The subject of this presentation was intended to cover the history of hadron colliders. However this broad topic is probably better left to historians. I will cover a much smaller portion of this subject and specialize my subject to the history of the Tevatron. As we will see, the Tevatron project is tightly entwined with the progress in collider technology. It occupies a unique place among accelerators in that it was the first to make use of superconducting magnets and indeed the basic design now forms a template for all machines using this technology. It was spawned in an incredibly productive era when new ideas were being generated almost monthly and it has matured into our highest energy collider complete with two large detectors that provide the major facility in the US for probing high Pt physics for the coming decade.

Tollestrup, A.V.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Reconstructing the Star Formation Histories of Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a methodological study to find out how far back and to what precision star formation histories of galaxies can be reconstructed from CMDs, from integrated spectra and Lick indices, and from integrated multi-band photometry. Our evolutionary synthesis models GALEV allow to describe the evolution of galaxies in terms of all three approaches and we have assumed typical observational uncertainties for each of them and then investigated to what extent and accuracy different star formation histories can be discriminated. For a field in the LMC bar region with both a deep CMD from HST observations and a trailing slit spectrum across exactly the same field of view we could test our modelling results against real data.

Uta Fritze; Thomas Lilly

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

399

Quantification of uncertainty during history matching  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

technology requirements and possibly marginal investment indicators. Our method of quantifying uncertainty uses a set of history-match runs and includes a method to determine the probability density function (pdf) of future oil production (reserves... side)?????. 29 3.16 Marginal cumulative oil production correlates well with total error?.. 32 ix FIGURE Page 3.17 Weighted standard deviation is smaller than non weighted?..?..?? 37 3.18 Shows sets of weighted and non weighted mean...

Alvarado, Martin Guillermo

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

400

Becoming a Physician: Rethinking the Social History  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...essential part of the medical examination, the most important and relevant social history questions are rarely asked or acted on. Applying social science principles to medicine a practice sometimes called "social medicine" enables us to contextualize patient care to achieve more sustainable and... Since social problems affect health and treatment effectiveness, considering them in assessments and treatment plans should improve outcomes, reduce costs, and improve patient satisfaction. How should clinicians learn to explore and address social determinants of health?

Behforouz H.L.Drain P.K.Rhatigan J.J.

2014-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The Palos Preserves: Part One -- Their History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

One -- Their History One -- Their History Nature Bulletin No. 710 March 23, 1963 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor THE PALOS PRESERVES - PART ONE : THEIR HISTORY . The Palos forest preserves now comprise approximately 13,750 acres of the most hilly, wooded and scenic parts of Cook county, and include almost 100 lakes, ponds and sloughs. They occupy 10,051 acres in Palos township. The remaining 3700 acres are situated in the adjoining townships of Orland, Lemont and Lyons. In 1850, when Cook county was organized into 27 townships -- now there are 38 -- one of them was called Trenton. After the first election its township board changed the name to Palos. Reputedly, that was suggested by Melanchon A. Powell, one of the earliest settlers and first postmaster of Palos (originally "Orange") because of a tradition that one of his ancestors had been a member of the crew on one of the ships commanded by Christopher Columbus when they sailed from Palos de Frontera in 1492. Palo, in Spanish, may mean a tall tree, the mast of a ship, or a promontory. Palos de Frontera was a seaport beneath a promontory on the Gulf of Cadiz, about 45 miles from Seville.

402

Star Formation Histories in the Local Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deep color magnitude diagrams extending to the main sequence provide the most direct measure of the detailed star formation history in a stellar population. With large investments of observing time, HST can obtain such data for populations out to 1 Mpc, but its field of view is extremely small in comparison to the size of Local Group galaxies. This limitation severely constrains our understanding of galaxy formation. For example, the largest galaxy in the Local Group, Andromeda, offers an ideal laboratory for studying the formation of large spiral galaxies, but the galaxy shows substructure on a variety of scales, presumably due to its violent merger history. Within its remaining lifetime, HST can only sample a few sight-lines through this complex galaxy. In contrast, a wide field imager could provide a map of Andromeda's halo, outer disk, and tidal streams, revealing the spatially-dependent star formation history in each structure. The same data would enable many secondary studies, such as the age variation in Andromeda's globular cluster system, gigantic samples of variable stars, and microlensing tracers of the galaxy's dark matter distribution.

Thomas M. Brown

2004-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

403

The Disciplines of Engineering and History: Some Common Ground  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The nature of engineering and history as disciplines are explored and found to ... on the particulars of given situations. The history of technology is paid special attention, because ... made for giving historic...

Priyan Dias

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Mammary Gland Development, Reproductive History, and Breast Cancer Risk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Development, Reproductive History, and Breast Cancer...Molecular and Cellular Engineering, Stellar-Chance...Molecular and Cellular Engineering [L. A. C., C...Development, Reproductive History, and Breast Cancer...Molecular and Cellular Engineering [L. A. C., C...

Lewis A. Chodosh; Celina M. D'Cruz; Heather Perry Gardner; Seung I. Ha; Sandra T. Marquis; Jayant V. Rajan; Douglas B. Stairs; James Y. Wang; and Man Wang

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Western New York Nuclear Service Center: History | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

History Western New York Nuclear Service Center: History Presentation made by Paul J. Bembia for the NTSF annual meeting held from May 14-16, 2013 in Buffalo, NY Western New York...

406

EECBG Success Story: HVAC Upgrade Saving Money, Protecting History...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HVAC Upgrade Saving Money, Protecting History EECBG Success Story: HVAC Upgrade Saving Money, Protecting History November 2, 2010 - 5:37pm Addthis A new heating and cooling system...

407

MLK Day/Black History Month DOE Celebration  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Join us as the Department honors both Dr. King and Black History Month with a dialogue on the history of civil rights for all. Secretary Ernest Moniz will open our program.

408

A History or Geothermal Energy Research and Development in the...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Energy Conversion 1976-2006 A History or Geothermal Energy Research and Development in the United States: Energy Conversion 1976-2006 A history of geothermal energy R&D in the...

409

History Matching in Parallel Computational Environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel methodology for delineating multiple reservoir domains for the purpose of history matching in a distributed computing environment has been proposed. A fully probabilistic approach to perturb permeability within the delineated zones is implemented. The combination of robust schemes for identifying reservoir zones and distributed computing significantly increase the accuracy and efficiency of the probabilistic approach. The information pertaining to the permeability variations in the reservoir that is contained in dynamic data is calibrated in terms of a deformation parameter rD. This information is merged with the prior geologic information in order to generate permeability models consistent with the observed dynamic data as well as the prior geology. The relationship between dynamic response data and reservoir attributes may vary in different regions of the reservoir due to spatial variations in reservoir attributes, well configuration, flow constrains etc. The probabilistic approach then has to account for multiple r{sub D} values in different regions of the reservoir. In order to delineate reservoir domains that can be characterized with different rD parameters, principal component analysis (PCA) of the Hessian matrix has been done. The Hessian matrix summarizes the sensitivity of the objective function at a given step of the history matching to model parameters. It also measures the interaction of the parameters in affecting the objective function. The basic premise of PC analysis is to isolate the most sensitive and least correlated regions. The eigenvectors obtained during the PCA are suitably scaled and appropriate grid block volume cut-offs are defined such that the resultant domains are neither too large (which increases interactions between domains) nor too small (implying ineffective history matching). The delineation of domains requires calculation of Hessian, which could be computationally costly and as well as restricts the current approach to some specific simulators. Therefore a robust technique to evaluate a covariance matrix, which is analogous to ''Hessian matrix'', from a set of equi-probable realizations has also been developed. This technique is easy to implement and provides the domains, which could be intuitively justified. Since the domain delineation process yields zones that are least correlated with each other, each r{sub D} parameter can be optimized independently and simultaneously using individual nodes of a cluster of computers. Further least correlation criteria help in retaining the simplicity of 1-D optimization during the history matching. Upon convergence, the perturbed regions are put together and the history match is verified. The proposed approach results in a set of independent tasks of equal magnitude and thus is particularly suited for distributed computing. The methodology has been successfully tested on various synthetic cases.

Steven Bryant; Sanjay Srinivasan; Alvaro Barrera; Sharad Yadav

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

History and Organization of the Port Hacking Estuary Project  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The history of research into Port Hacking before the Port Hacking Estuary Project of 19731978 is summarized....

Robert R. Parker; David J. Rochford

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

MSc/Dip in the History and Theory of Psychology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MSc/Dip in the History and Theory of Psychology PROGRAMME HANDBOOK 2011-2012 Psychology The School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences, University of Edinburgh #12;MSc in the History and Theory of Psychology 2011/12 2 MSc/Dip in the History and Theory of Psychology 2011-2012 This booklet is a guide

Edinburgh, University of

412

Efficient IRM enforcement of history-based access control policies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inlined Reference Monitor (IRM) is an established enforcement mechanism for history-based access control policies. IRM enforcement injects monitoring code into the binary of an untrusted program in order to track its execution history. The injected code ... Keywords: distributed optimization protocol, history-based access control policies, inlined reference monitors, language-based security, security automata

Fei Yan; Philip W. L. Fong

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Analysing the Entire Wikipedia History with Database Supported Haskell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysing the Entire Wikipedia History with Database Supported Haskell George Giorgidze1 , Torsten the entire Wikipedia history. DSH is a novel high-level database query facility allowing for the for on our experience of using Database Supported Haskell (DSH) [4] for analysing the entire history

Grust, Torsten

414

Triggers on Database Histories A. Prasad Sistla Ouri Wolfson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Triggers on Database Histories A. Prasad Sistla Ouri Wolfson Department of Electrical Engineering of the database state over time (i.e. the database history). For example, in securities trading, the system may to the database history. The following temporal trigger is one such example--- the value of attribute A increases

Wolfson, Ouri E.

415

Bridging Relational Database History and the Web: the XML Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bridging Relational Database History and the Web: the XML Approach Fusheng Wang Integrated Data and queries, and make it easy to pub- lish database history to the Web. In this paper, we focus on the problem of preserving, publishing, and querying ef- ficiently the history of a relational database. Past research

Zaniolo, Carlo

416

Privacy Impact Assessment National Museum of Natural History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into the Raiser's Edge fundraising database. Raiser's Edge is used by National Museum of Natural History staff1 Privacy Impact Assessment National Museum of Natural History Office of External Affairs Online provides National Museum of Natural History supporters with the ability to make a credit card donation

Mathis, Wayne N.

417

Chronicle: Capture, Exploration, and Playback of Document Workflow Histories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chronicle: Capture, Exploration, and Playback of Document Workflow Histories Tovi Grossman, Justin ABSTRACT We describe Chronicle, a new system that allows users to explore document workflow histories. Chronicle captures the entire video history of a graphical document, and provides links between the content

Toronto, University of

418

An Application-Independent System for Visualizing User Operation History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Application-Independent System for Visualizing User Operation History Toshio Nakamura Department conventional interactive systems provide the user operation history only as a list of text commands. The text have been proposed. For example, the Chimera system [17] visualizes an operation history as a sequence

Igarashi, Takeo

419

Long-Term Stewardship - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Overview and History Hanford Cleanup Hanford Site Wide Programs LTS Home Page LTS Project Management LTS Transition and Timeline LTS Execution LTS Background LTS Information...

420

START Signed | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Our History NNSA Timeline START Signed START Signed July 31, 1991 START Signed Russia Moscow, USSR President Bush signs the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START), which...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

ARM - Facility News Article  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

processdata view, the display is refreshed every five minutes while content in the database history is used to display a timeline view of cumulative changes to detect...

422

National High Magnetic Field Laboratory: Museum of Electricity...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

navigate the seas, effectively changing the course of history. Related Electricity & Magnetism Pages Museum: Lodestone Timeline: 600 1599 Tutorial: Compasses in Magnetic Fields...

423

Atomic Energy Commission Explores Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Explosions...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home About Us Our History NNSA Timeline Atomic Energy Commission Explores Peaceful Uses of ... Atomic Energy Commission Explores Peaceful...

424

Review: Air Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science, and Solutions, 2nd ed.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science, andZ. Air Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science, andAir Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science, and

Laberge, Yves

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

The Modern History of Energy Conservation: An Overview for Information Professionals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Modern History Of Energy Conservation: An Overview forCONSERVATION? THE EARLY HISTORY OF ENERGY CONSERVATION THErelated terms. THE EARLY HISTORY OF ENERGY CONSERVATION The

Wulfinghoff, Donald R.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

E-Print Network 3.0 - american resource history Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

British History, Early Modern and Modern European History... , Rebellion and Ryot; Kings and Kindreds; The American Civil War: History and Memory; Dress and Society... ,...

427

Oil history, potential converge in Azerbaijan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Azerbaijan, the oldest known oil producing region in the world, still holds great potential for new discoveries and increased production. A multi-billion dollar production sharing agreement was recently signed with a consortium of primarily western oil companies to develop three oil fields in the Caspian Sea. Soon, Azerbaijan will offer new exploration acreage both offshore and onshore. This paper describes the history of oil production in Azerbaijan, offshore developments, tectonics, stratigraphy, petroleum traps, mud volcanoes, and short summaries of several oil producing areas. Current production is about 9 million tons/yr of oil and 7 billion cu m/yr of natural gas.

Narimanov, A.A. [State Oil Co. of Azerbaijan, Baku (Azerbaijan); Palaz, I. [Amoco Production Co., Houston, TX (United States)

1995-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

428

URAT: astrometric requirements and design history  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The U.S. Naval Observatory Robotic Astrometric Telescope (URAT) project aims at a highly accurate (5 mas), ground-based, all-sky survey. Requirements are presented for the optics and telescope for this 0.85 m aperture, 4.5 degree diameter field-of-view, specialized instrument, which are close to the capability of the industry. The history of the design process is presented as well as astrometric performance evaluations of the toleranced, optical design, with expected wavefront errors included.

Zacharias, N; Rakich, A; Epps, H

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

The history and development of caravels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

during the 15th century. They expanded their empire south, reaching the north coast of Africa, set up trading ports all along Africa?s west coast, and eventually reached the Indian Ocean and the Indian subcontinent, establishing a complex 9 trade... take this opportunity to sincerely thank all of the people that have shared their time, energy, experience, and advice to help me in my pursuit of knowledge concerning the history of Iberian seafaring. I would like to thank my committee chair, Dr...

Schwarz, George Robert

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

430

Building Technologies Office: History and Impacts  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

History and Impacts History and Impacts Appliance and equipment efficiency standards have served as one of the nation's most effective policies for improving energy efficiency. The first standards were enacted at the state level in California in 1974. At the national level, the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) was enacted in 1975, and established a federal program consisting of test procedures, labeling, and energy targets for consumer products. EPCA was amended in 1979 and directed the Department of Energy (DOE) to establish energy conservation standards for consumer products. The National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987 established minimum efficiency standards for many common household appliances. Congress set initial federal energy efficiency standards and established schedules for DOE to review and update these standards. The Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct) added standards for some fluorescent and incandescent reflector lamps, plumbing products, electric motors, commercial water heaters, and heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. EPAct also allowed for the future development of standards for many other products.

431

History of American acousticsIntroductory comments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The history of acoustics has been illuminated by the efforts in recent years of R. Bruce Lindsay and so this Bicentennial Session is being held in his honor. In addition certain numerological factors spurred our efforts in this Bicentennial Year 1976. It was just one hundred years ago that A. G. Bell's inventionthe first practical telephonewas exhibited at the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. A year later in 1877 the first edition of Rayleigh's Theory of Sound appeared. The conjunction of these two events eventually had a powerful influence on the development of acoustics. The invited speakers will in the papers which follow endeavor to describe all of the significant advances made by Americans to technical acoustics. Apparently it all began with Joseph Henry's efforts to solve a problem in auditorium acoustics. At the brink of World War II acoustics was invaded by a host of scientists and engineers. During the period 194145 and in the post war years frontiers were breached in almost every direction at such a rate that description of the advances made cannot be done here. And so most of our speakers will bring their histories up only to about the year 1940.

Richard K. Cook

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

The Star Formation History of NGC 6822  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Images of five fields in the Local Group dwarf irregular galaxy NGC 6822 obtained with the {\\it Hubble Space Telescope} in the F555W and F814W filters are presented. Photometry for the stars in these images was extracted using the Point-Spread-Function fitting program HSTPHOT/MULTIPHOT. The resulting color-magnitude diagrams reach down to $V\\approx26$, a level well below the red clump, and were used to solve quantitatively for the star formation history of NGC 6822. Assuming that stars began forming in this galaxy from low-metallicity gas and that there is little variation in the metallicity at each age, the distribution of stars along the red giant branch is best fit with star formation beginning in NGC 6822 12-15 Gyr ago. The best-fitting star formation histories for the old and intermediate age stars are similar among the five fields and show a constant or somewhat increasing star formation rate from 15 Gyr ago to the present except for a possible dip in the star formation rate from 3 to 5 Gyr ago. The main differences among the five fields are in the higher overall star formation rate per area in the bar fields as well as in the ratio of the recent star formation rate to the average past rate. These variations in the recent star formation rate imply that stars formed within the past 0.6 Gyr are not spatially very well mixed throughout the galaxy.

Ted K. Wyder

2001-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

433

Registration Starts Soon for Hanfords Two Annual Public Tour Programs- Visitors Can Register for Tours Focused on Cleanup or History  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

RICHLAND, Wash. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) will open online registration for both of its public tour programs in early March. The Hanford Site public tours focus on environmental cleanup while the B Reactor tours focus on Hanfords role in the top secret Manhattan Project during World War II.

434

Mysterious little particle has long Argonne history  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mysterious little particle has long Argonne Mysterious little particle has long Argonne history About Director's Welcome Organization Achievements Highlights Fact Sheets, Brochures & Other Documents Multimedia Library Visit Argonne Work with Argonne Contact us Nuclear Energy Why Nuclear Energy? Why are some people afraid of Nuclear Energy? How do nuclear reactors work? Cheaper & Safer Nuclear Energy Helping to Solve the Nuclear Waste Problem Nuclear Reactors Nuclear Reactors Early Exploration Training Reactors Basic and Applied Science Research LWR Technology Development BORAX-III lighting Arco, Idaho (Press Release) Heavy Water and Graphite Reactors Fast Reactor Technology Integral Fast Reactor Argonne Reactor Tree CP-1 70th Anniversary CP-1 70th Anniversary Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy

435

Nuclear reactor characteristics and operational history  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Nuclear > U.S. reactor operation status tables Nuclear > U.S. reactor operation status tables Nuclear Reactor Operational Status Tables Release date: November 22, 2011 Next release date: November 2012 See also: Table 1. Capacity and Generation, Table 2. Ownership Data Table 3. Nuclear Reactor Characteristics and Operational History PDF XLS Plant Name Generator ID Type Reactor Supplier and Model Construction Start Grid Connection Original Expiration Date License Renewal Application License Renewal Issued Extended Expiration Arkansas Nuclear One 1 PWR Babcock&Wilcox, Lower Loop 10/1/1968 8/17/1974 5/20/2014 2/1/2000 6/20/2001 5/20/2034 Arkansas Nuclear One 2 PWR Combustion Eng. 7/1/1971 12/26/1978 7/17/2018 10/15/2003 6/30/2005 7/17/2038

436

Oral Histories: Biochemist William D. Moss  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 9 HUMAN RADIATION STUDIES: REMEMBERING THE EARLY YEARS Oral History of Biochemist William D. Moss Conducted November 30, 1994 United States Department of Energy Office of Human Radiation Experiments September 1995 CONTENTS Foreword Short Biography Early Career at Los Alamos Early Development of Bioassay Tests to Measure Plutonium Exposure Developing Occupational Exposure Limits Exposure Accident Creates Need for More Sensitive Testing Long-Term Follow-Up Studies and the UPPU Club Wright Langham Joins the Los Alamos Health and Safety Group Langham Analyzes Results of Previous Plutonium and Polonium Injection Studies Langham Enacts Stringent Research Controls December 2, 1944 Memo Proposes Human Injection Study Polonium Studies at Rochester Los Alamos Analyzes Urine and Fecal Samples for 1945 Oak Ridge Injection Study

437

Archives and History Office: Records Schedules  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Services > Records Schedules Services > Records Schedules Records Schedules Note: Some links on this page open pdf files, which require the free Acrobat Reader. SLAC Current Organizational Unit File Plans / Records Control Schedules For assistance in applying or developing a records schedule for your unit, please contact either the SLAC Archives and History Office (x3091 -- directorate and research records) or the SLAC Records Manager (x4342 -- business and safety records). Directorate Organizational Unit Applicable File Plans(s) / Records Control Schedule(s) Director's Office SLAC DO Schedule Advisor for Science and Technology DOE Administrative Records schedules and DOE R&D Schedule Chief Research Officer DOE Administrative Records schedules and DOE R&D Schedule Communications Office DOE Administrative Records schedules (particularly ADM14 and ADM21)

438

BNL | Our History: Reactors as Research Tools  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

> See also: Accelerators > See also: Accelerators Brookhaven History: Using Reactors as Research Tools BGRR Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor The Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor (BGRR) was the Laboratory's first big machine and the first peace-time reactor built in the United States following World War II. The reactor's primary mission was to produce neutrons for scientific experimentation and to refine reactor technology. At the time, the BGRR could accommodate more simultaneous experiments than any other reactor. Scientists and engineers from every corner of the U.S. came to use the reactor, which was not only a source of neutrons for experiments, but also an excellent training facility. Researchers used the BGRR's neutrons as tools for studying atomic nuclei and the structure of solids, and to investigate many physical, chemical and

439

Archives and History Office: Short Features  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Features > Short Features Features > Short Features Short Features in SLAC History 40th SLAC celebrated its 40th Anniversary in 2002 with a series of events and a photo book. 50th SLAC celebrated its 50th Anniversary in 2012 with a series of events and a special anniversary website: Celebrating 50 Years of Discovery. APS Burton Richter, Sid Drell , Martin Perl , and Herman Winick made presentations at the American Physical Society (APS) Centennial Celebration and Meeting ( March 20-26 1999). Angiogram The first synchrotron radiation coronary angiogram recorded on a human subject occurred in May 1986 at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (SSRL). BaBar BaBar was dedicated on August 13, 1999. Beam Trees Beam trees are not actually beams or trees. Blue Book The Blue Book is a SLAC classic written to document for posterity the design and building of SLAC's two-mile accelerator. Available in full-text from the SLAC Library.

440

History's contributions to energy research and policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Historical research can assist those analyzing contemporary energy systems or designing energy policies. While history does not directly repeat itself or offer powers of prediction, studies of the past can draw attention to frequently overlooked features of energy systems. Through a series of case studies, this article highlights historians efforts to identify the essential role of social and cultural considerations in shaping the successes and failures of energy regimes. In particular, energy researchers and policy makers can learn much from historians about the links between energy, culture, and society; the role of often-invisible infrastructures in limiting useful discussions about energy systems; and the need to reevaluate the traditional notion of energy transitions.

Richard F. Hirsh; Christopher F. Jones

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Nuclear reactor characteristics and operational history  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nuclear > U.S. reactor operation status tables Nuclear > U.S. reactor operation status tables Nuclear Reactor Operational Status Tables Release date: November 22, 2011 Next release date: November 2012 See also: Table 2. Ownership Data, Table 3. Characteristics and Operational History Table 1. Nuclear Reactor, State, Type, Net Capacity, Generation, and Capacity Factor PDF XLS Plant/Reactor Name Generator ID State Type 2009 Summer Capacity Net MW(e)1 2010 Annual Generation Net MWh2 Capacity Factor Percent3 Arkansas Nuclear One 1 AR PWR 842 6,607,090 90 Arkansas Nuclear One 2 AR PWR 993 8,415,588 97 Beaver Valley 1 PA PWR 892 7,119,413 91 Beaver Valley 2 PA PWR 885 7,874,151 102 Braidwood Generation Station 1 IL PWR 1,178 9,196,689 89

442

Assessing marketing performance: history and challenges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While assessing the marketing performance of an organisation is increasingly important, it is also increasingly difficult due to the nature of the discipline and several challenges facing researchers and managers. This article reviews the long history of marketing performance assessment and the nature of those challenges. The earliest work in this area examined the productivity of marketing, traditionally defined as financial output per marketing input. Later writers have explored non-financial outputs, and looked at an expanded concept of marketing activities and assets as they lead to business outcomes. I briefly review four measures that have attracted substantial attention in the past ten years - market orientation, customer satisfaction, customer loyalty and brand equity - and conclude with a discussion of challenges for the better measurement and understanding of performance in marketing.

Bruce H. Clark

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

The History of the Light Bulb | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The History of the Light Bulb The History of the Light Bulb The History of the Light Bulb November 22, 2013 - 1:00pm Addthis History of the Light Bulb Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Daniel Wood Daniel Wood Data Integration Specialist What are the key facts? Like all great inventions, the light bulb can't be credited to one inventor. It was a series of small improvements on the ideas of previous inventors that have led to the light bulbs we use in our homes today. Learn more about the history of the incandescent light bulb. Explore the history of fluorescent lights, from the Geissler tube to CFLs. Read about the advancements in LED lights. More than 150 years ago, inventors began working on a bright idea that would have a dramatic impact on how we use energy in our homes and offices.

444

National Museum of Nuclear Science & History Opens WIPP Exhibit |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Museum of Nuclear Science & History Opens WIPP Exhibit Museum of Nuclear Science & History Opens WIPP Exhibit National Museum of Nuclear Science & History Opens WIPP Exhibit November 22, 2011 - 3:17pm Addthis To celebrate the WIPP's 10,000th shipment of defense-related TRU waste, the National Museum of Nuclear Science & History added a new exhibit, which includes one the receptacles, pictured above, used by the Energy Department to ship transuranic (TRU) waste from sites located across the country to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in New Mexico. | Photo courtesy of the National Museum of Nuclear Science & History To celebrate the WIPP's 10,000th shipment of defense-related TRU waste, the National Museum of Nuclear Science & History added a new exhibit, which includes one the receptacles, pictured above, used by the Energy Department

445

Office of Secure Transportation History | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

History | National Nuclear Security History | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Office of Secure Transportation History Home > About Us > Our Programs > Defense Programs > Office of Secure Transportation > Office of Secure Transportation History Office of Secure Transportation History Since 1947, NNSA and its predecessor agencies have moved nuclear weapons,

446

The History of the Light Bulb | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The History of the Light Bulb The History of the Light Bulb The History of the Light Bulb November 22, 2013 - 1:00pm Addthis History of the Light Bulb Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Daniel Wood Daniel Wood Data Integration Specialist What are the key facts? Like all great inventions, the light bulb can't be credited to one inventor. It was a series of small improvements on the ideas of previous inventors that have led to the light bulbs we use in our homes today. Learn more about the history of the incandescent light bulb. Explore the history of fluorescent lights, from the Geissler tube to CFLs. Read about the advancements in LED lights. More than 150 years ago, inventors began working on a bright idea that would have a dramatic impact on how we use energy in our homes and offices.

447

Celebrating Women's History Month: Marie Curie | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Women's History Month: Marie Curie Women's History Month: Marie Curie Celebrating Women's History Month: Marie Curie March 4, 2011 - 12:30pm Addthis Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science It's Women's History Month and this year's theme, according to the National Women's History Project, is "Our History Is Our Strength." We'll be celebrating that strength all month on the Energy Blog to highlight the remarkable women of science (and the Energy Department!) and their achievements - past, present, and future. (It's also the International Year of Chemistry, so BYOB . . . Bring Your Own Beaker.) It's fitting to begin this celebration with a salute to the first woman to receive a doctorate in France, the discoverer of two elements, the first person to win two Nobel Prizes and the mother of another winner. It's

448

NORTHERN BRIDGE DOCTORAL AWARDS (2014 COHORT) PANEL A: HISTORY, THOUGHT & SYSTEMS OF BELIEF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

during the Second World War'; Dr Fearghal McGarry, History (QUB), Prof. Keith Jeffery, History (QUB. Christopher Marsh, History (QUB); Prof. Mary O'Dowd, History (QUB) `Collectors and Collections of Ephemeral Print, c. 1600-1750'; Prof. Christopher Marsh, History (QUB); Prof. Crawford Gribben, History (QUB

Paxton, Anthony T.

449

Evolutionary history and metabolic insights of ancient mammalian uricases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

causing gout. We have applied evolutionary models to understand the history of primate uricases of treating gout and preventing tumor lysis syndrome in human patients. hyperuricemia | pseudogene | evolution

Gaucher, Eric

450

VILLAR-ARGAIZ, MANUEL, AND ROBERT W. STERNER Life history  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

PATTERSON, M. R. 1992. A chemical engineering view of cnidarian ... Life history bottlenecks in Diaptomus clavipes induced by phosphorus-limited algae.

2002-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

451

Table 3. Nuclear Reactor Characteristics and Operational History  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3. Nuclear Reactor Characteristics and Operational History" "Plant Name","Generator ID","Type","Reactor Supplier and Model","Construction Start","Grid Connection","Commercial...

452

History of the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource | Stanford...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

History of the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource SPEAR Based on new applications of synchrotron radiation, SSRL began in 1973 as the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Project...

453

Geological History of Lake Lahontan, a Quaternary Lake of Northwestern...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Geological History of Lake Lahontan, a Quaternary Lake of Northwestern Nevada Abstract Abstract...

454

NMOCD - Form G-107 - Geothermal Resources Well History | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference LibraryAdd to library General: NMOCD - Form G-107 - Geothermal Resources Well History Author State of New Mexico Energy and Minerals Department Published New Mexico Oil...

455

The Brief History and Future Development of Earth System Models...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Brief History and Future Development of Earth System Models: Resolution and Complexity Warren M. Washington National Center for Atmospheric Research NERSC Lecture Series at...

456

A History or Geothermal Energy Research and Development in the...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Drilling 1976-2006 A History or Geothermal Energy Research and Development in the United States: Drilling 1976-2006 This report summarizes significant research projects performed...

457

A History of Geothermal Energy Research and Development in the...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Reservoir Engineering 1976-2006 A History of Geothermal Energy Research and Development in the United States: Reservoir Engineering 1976-2006 This report summarizes significant...

458

MCMs: Early History and The Basics Monte Carlo Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

algorithms 1. The Problems: Simulation of neutron histories (neutronics), hydrodynamics, thermonuclear, criticality, fission yield Hydrodynamics due to nuclear implosion Simulation of thermonuclear reactions

Mascagni, Michael

459

Manhattan Project: Exploring the Atom, 1919-1932  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Ernest Rutherford (and James Chadwick, on the far right) EXPLORING THE ATOM Ernest Rutherford (and James Chadwick, on the far right) EXPLORING THE ATOM (1919-1932) Events > Atomic Discoveries, 1890s-1939 A Miniature Solar System, 1890s-1919 Exploring the Atom, 1919-1932 Atomic Bombardment, 1932-1938 The Discovery of Fission, 1938-1939 Fission Comes to America, 1939 The road to the atomic bomb began in earnest in 1919 with the first artificial transmutation of an element. The New Zealander Ernest Rutherford, working in the Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge University in England, changed several atoms of nitrogen into oxygen. The final addition to the atomic "miniature solar system" first proposed by Niels Bohr came in 1932 when James Chadwick, Rutherford's colleague at Cambridge, identified the third and final basic particle of the atom: the neutron.

460

Manhattan Project: "Met Lab" Alumni  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Resources Resources About this Site How to Navigate this Site Library Maps Note on Sources Nuclear Energy and the Public's Right to Know Photo Gallery Site Map Sources and Notes Suggested Readings "MET LAB" ALUMNI University of Chicago (December 2, 1946) Resources > Photo Gallery Met Lab alumni pose at the University of Chicago, December 2, 1946. Alumni of the Met Lab pose on the steps of Eckhart Hall on the campus of the University of Chicago on December 2, 1946 (the fourth anniversary of CP-1 first going critical). Front row, left to right: Enrico Fermi, Walter Zinn, Albert Wattenberg, and Herbert Anderson. Middle row, left to right: Harold Agnew, William Sturm, Harold Lichtenberger, Leona W. Marshall, and Leo Szilard. Back row, left to right: Norman Hilberry, Samuel Allison, Thomas Brill, Robert Nobles, Warren Nyer, and Marvin Wilkening.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Manhattan Project: Piles and Plutonium, 1939-1942  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Enrico Fermi PILES AND PLUTONIUM Enrico Fermi PILES AND PLUTONIUM (1939-1942) Events > Early Government Support, 1939-1942 Einstein's Letter, 1939 Early Uranium Research, 1939-1941 Piles and Plutonium, 1939-1941 Reorganization and Acceleration, 1940-1941 The MAUD Report, 1941 A Tentative Decision to Build the Bomb, 1941-1942 The Uranium Committee's first report, issued on November 1, 1939, recommended that, despite the uncertainty of success, the government should immediately obtain four tons of graphite and fifty tons of uranium oxide. This recommendation led to the first outlay of government funds -- $6,000 in February 1940 -- and reflected the importance attached to the Fermi-Szilard pile (reactor) experiments already underway at Columbia University. Building upon the Fission chain reaction work performed in 1934 demonstrating the value of moderators in producing slow neutrons, Enrico Fermi thought that a mixture of the right moderator and natural uranium could produce a self-sustaining fission chain reaction. Fermi and Leo Szilard increasingly focused their attention on carbon in the form of graphite. Perhaps graphite could slow down, or moderate, the neutrons coming from the fission reaction, increasing the probability of their causing additional fissions in sustaining the chain reaction. A pile containing a large amount of natural uranium could then produce enough secondary neutrons to keep a reaction going.

462

Manhattan Project: A Miniature Solar System, 1890s-1919  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

John Joseph Thomson A MINIATURE SOLAR SYSTEM John Joseph Thomson A MINIATURE SOLAR SYSTEM (1890s-1919) Events > Atomic Discoveries, 1890s-1939 A Miniature Solar System, 1890s-1919 Exploring the Atom, 1919-1932 Atomic Bombardment, 1932-1938 The Discovery of Fission, 1938-1939 Fission Comes to America, 1939 The modern effort to uncover the inner structure of the atom began with the discovery of the electron by the English physicist J. J. Thomson (above) in 1897. Thomson proved that cathode rays were not some sort of undefined process occurring in "ether" but were in fact composed of extremely small, negatively charged particles. Dubbed electrons, their exact charge and mass were soon determined by John Townsend and Robert Millikan. Excerpt from the comic book "Adventures Inside the Atom." Click on this image or visit the "Library" to view the whole comic book. At the same time, discoveries relating to the curious phenomenon of radioactivity had also begun to propel atomic research forward. In 1896, the French physicist Antoine Becquerel detected the three basic forms of radioactivity, which were soon named alpha, beta, and gamma by Ernest Rutherford, a student of Thomson from New Zealand. Also in 1896, the husband-and-wife team of Marie and Pierre Curie began work in Paris on the emission of radiation by uranium and thorium. The Curies soon announced their discoveries of radium and polonium; they also proved that beta particles were negatively charged. In 1900, Becquerel realized that beta particles and electrons were the same things.

463

Manhattan Project: Reorganization and Acceleration, 1940-1941  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

REORGANIZATION AND ACCELERATION REORGANIZATION AND ACCELERATION (1940-1941) Events > Early Government Support, 1939-1942 Einstein's Letter, 1939 Early Uranium Research, 1939-1941 Piles and Plutonium, 1939-1941 Reorganization and Acceleration, 1940-1941 The MAUD Report, 1941 A Tentative Decision to Build the Bomb, 1941-1942 Ernest Lawrence, 1935 During 1939 and 1940, most of the work done on uranium isotope separation and the chain reaction pile was performed in university laboratories by academic scientists funded primarily by private foundations. Although the federal government began supporting uranium research in 1940, the pace appeared too leisurely to the scientific community and failed to convince scientists that their work was of high priority. Certainly few were more inclined to this view than Ernest O. Lawrence (right), director of the Radiation Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley. Lawrence was among those who thought that it was merely a matter of time before the United States was drawn into World War II, and he wanted the government to mobilize its scientific forces as rapidly as possible.

464

Manhattan Project: Production Reactor (Pile) Design, Met Lab, 1942  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Schematic of the X-10 Graphite Reactor, Oak Ridge PRODUCTION REACTOR (PILE) DESIGN Schematic of the X-10 Graphite Reactor, Oak Ridge PRODUCTION REACTOR (PILE) DESIGN (Met Lab, 1942) Events > The Plutonium Path to the Bomb, 1942-1944 Production Reactor (Pile) Design, 1942 DuPont and Hanford, 1942 CP-1 Goes Critical, December 2, 1942 Seaborg and Plutonium Chemistry, 1942-1944 Final Reactor Design and X-10, 1942-1943 Hanford Becomes Operational, 1943-1944 By 1942, scientists had established that some of the uranium exposed to radioactivity in a reactor (pile) would eventually decay into plutonium, which could then be separated by chemical means from the uranium. Important theoretical research on this was ongoing, but the work was scattered at various universities from coast to coast. In early 1942, Arthur Compton arranged for all pile research to be moved to the Met Lab at the University of Chicago.

465

Manhattan Project: Order to Drop the Atomic Bomb  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

ORDER TO DROP THE ATOMIC BOMB Handy to Spaatz, National Archives (July 25, 1945) Resources > Library The document below is the order to attack Japanese cities with atomic bombs. In it, the Acting Army Chief of Staff, Thomas Handy, orders Commanding General Carl Spaatz, Army Strategic Air Forces, to "deliver [the] first special bomb as soon as weather will permit . . . after about 3 August 1945." The target list: "Hiroshima, Kokura, Niigata, and Nagasaki." Further attacks were also authorized: "additional bombs will be delivered on the above targets as soon as made ready." Handy was the acting chief of staff because George Marshall was with President Harry S. Truman at the Potsdam Conference. The letter explicitly notes that this order was approved by Marshall and Secretary of War Henry Stimson. Truman, of course, provided the ultimate authorization for dropping the bomb.

466

Manhattan Project: "Rad Lab" Staff  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

"RAD LAB" STAFF "RAD LAB" STAFF University of California, Berkeley (1939) Resources > Photo Gallery Rad Lab Staff, 1939 Lawrence Radiation Laboratory caption: "Early Radiation Laboratory staff framed by the magnet for 60-inch cyclotron in 1939. Front row, left to right: John H. Lawrence, Robert Serber, Franz N. D. Kurie, Raymond T. Birge, Ernest O. Lawrence, Donald Cooksey, Arthur H. Snell, Luis W. Alvarez, Philip H. Abelson. Second Row: John Backus, Wilfred B. Mann, Paul C. Aebersold, Edwin M. McMillan, Ernest Lyman, Martin D. Kamen, D. C. Kalbfell, W. W. Salisbury. Last row: Alex S. Langsdorf, Jr., Sam Simmons, Joseph G. Hamilton, David H. Sloan, J. Robert Oppenheimer, William Brobeck, Robert Cornog, Robert R. Wilson, Eugene Viez, J. J. Livingood."

467

Manhattan Project: Y-12: Design, 1942-1943  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Ernest Lawrence slumps in his chair from fatigue in front of a cyclotron control panel while conducting calutron-related experiments, Berkeley, 1943. Y-12: DESIGN Ernest Lawrence slumps in his chair from fatigue in front of a cyclotron control panel while conducting calutron-related experiments, Berkeley, 1943. Y-12: DESIGN (Oak Ridge: Clinton, 1942-1943) Events > The Uranium Path to the Bomb, 1942-1944 Y-12: Design, 1942-1943 Y-12: Construction, 1943 Y-12: Operation, 1943-1944 Working K-25 into the Mix, 1943-1944 The Navy and Thermal Diffusion, 1944 Although the Lewis Report had placed gaseous diffusion ahead of the electromagnetic approach, many were still betting in early 1943 that Ernest Lawrence (right) and his "calutron" would eventually predominate. Lawrence and his laboratory of mechanics at the University of California, Berkeley, continued to experiment with the giant 184-inch cyclotron magnet, trying to reach a consensus on which shims, sources, and Electromagnetic method for the enrichment of uranium collectors to incorporate into the Y-12 Electromagnetic Plant that was to be built at Oak Ridge. Research on magnet size and placement and beam resolution led Lawrence and his group in fall 1942 to propose an arrangement of huge electromagnetic coils connected by a bus bar in an oval racetrack configuration, as seen from above. Forty-eight gaps in the racetrack between the coils would each contain two vacuum tanks. With two racetracks per building, ten buildings would be necessary to provide the estimated 2,000 sources and collectors needed to separate 100 grams of uranium-235 daily. The Berkeley researchers hoped that improvements in calutron design, or placing multiple sources and collectors in each tank, might increase efficiency and reduce the number of tanks and buildings required, but experimental results were inconclusive even as Stone & Webster of Boston, the Y-12 contractor at Oak Ridge, prepared to break ground.

468

Manhattan Project: The Discovery of Fission, 1938-1939  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Lise Meitner and Otto Hahn, Kaiser-Wilhelm Institute, Berlin THE DISCOVERY OF FISSION Berlin, Germany (1938-1939) Events > Atomic Discoveries, 1890s-1939 A Miniature Solar System, 1890s-1919 Exploring the Atom, 1919-1932 Atomic Bombardment, 1932-1938 The Discovery of Fission, 1938-1939 Fission Comes to America, 1939 The English word "atom" derives from the Greek word "atomon" ("ατομον"), which means "that which cannot be divided." In 1938, the scientific community proved the Greek philosophers wrong by dividing the atom. Excerpt from the comic book "Adventures Inside the Atom." Click on this image or visit the "Library" to view the whole comic book. Fission, the basis of the atomic bomb, was discovered in Nazi Germany less than a year before the beginning of the Second World War. It was December 1938 when the radiochemists Otto Hahn (above, with Lise Meitner) and Fritz Strassmann, while bombarding elements with neutrons in their Berlin laboratory, made their unexpected discovery. They found that while the nuclei of most elements changed somewhat during neutron bombardment, uranium nuclei changed greatly and broke into two roughly equal pieces. They split and became not the new transuranic elements that some thought Enrico Fermi had discovered but radioactive barium isotopes (barium has the atomic number 56) and other fragments of the uranium itself. The substances Fermi had created in his experiments, that is, did more than resemble lighter elements -- they were lighter elements. The products of the Hahn-Strassmann experiment weighed less than that of the original uranium nucleus, and herein lay the primary significance of their findings. It folIowed from Albert Einstein's E=mc2 equation that the loss of mass resulting from the splitting process must have been converted into energy in the form of kinetic energy that could in turn be converted into heat.

469

Manhattan Project: Y-12 Operation, 1943-1944  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Alpha Racetrack, Y-12 Electromagnetic Plant, Oak Ridge Y-12: OPERATION Alpha Racetrack, Y-12 Electromagnetic Plant, Oak Ridge Y-12: OPERATION (Oak Ridge: Clinton, 1943-1944) Events > The Uranium Path to the Bomb, 1942-1944 Y-12: Design, 1942-1943 Y-12: Construction, 1943 Y-12: Operation, 1943-1944 Working K-25 into the Mix, 1943-1944 The Navy and Thermal Diffusion, 1944 During the summer and fall of 1943, the Y-12 Electromagnetic Plant at Oak Ridge began to take shape. The huge buildings to house the operating equipment were readied as manufacturers began delivering everything from electrical switches to motors, valves, and tanks. While construction and outfitting proceeded, almost 5,000 operating and maintenance personnel were hired and trained. Then, between October and mid-December, Y-12 paid the price for being a new technology that had not been put through its paces in a pilot plant. Vacuum tanks in the first Alpha racetrack leaked and shimmied out of line due to magnetic pressure, welds failed, electrical circuits malfunctioned, and operators made frequent mistakes. Most seriously, the magnet coils shorted out because of rust and sediment in the cooling oil.

470

Manhattan Project: San Ildefonso Pueblo Party</FONT>  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SAN ILDEFONSO PUEBLO PARTY SAN ILDEFONSO PUEBLO PARTY Los Alamos (December 1945) Resources > Photo Gallery San Ildefonso Pueblo party, December 1945 A special 1995 issue of the monthly publication of the Los Alamos National Laboratory, "Dateline: Los Alamos," described the party this way: "On a cold December night in 1945, the San Ildefonso Pueblo, a tribe of Native Americans living next to Los Alamos, invited a group of Los Alamos square dancers to their pueblo for an evening of fun and entertainment. The two communities had seen a lot of each other during the war as men and women from the pueblo commuted daily to work at Los Alamos. The association produced a cross fertilization of cultures. "Bernice Brode wrote: 'Some of us had more Indian crafts in our Army apartments than the Indians had in their homes, (and) modern American conveniences such as refrigerators and linoleum began cropping up in the pueblo.' At the dance, the Indians performed for the square dancers and the square dancers performed for the Indians. After the demonstrations, members from the two groups began dancing with each other. Charlie Masters, a teacher at the Los Alamos school, wrote: 'This fiesta-hoedown I like to remember as the climax of our relations with the natives.'

471

Manhattan Project: Early Government Support, 1939-1942  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard EARLY GOVERNMENT SUPPORT Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard EARLY GOVERNMENT SUPPORT (1939-1942) Events Einstein's Letter, 1939 Early Uranium Research, 1939-1941 Piles and Plutonium, 1939-1941 Reorganization and Acceleration, 1940-1941 The MAUD Report, 1941 A Tentative Decision to Build the Bomb, 1941-1942 As the news of the fission breakthrough spread from Berlin in early 1939, many physicists within the United States (and elsewhere) immediately realized the potential danger posed by atomic energy. Especially concerned were émigré physicists who had fled their native countries because of the expansion of Nazi Germany and sought to obtain governmental support for further, secret nuclear research. Convincing busy government officials of the seriousness of this esoteric new scientific development was at first slow going. One month before the Second World War formally began with the September 1, 1939, invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, Leo Szilard enlisted the help of Albert Einstein in personally calling President Franklin Roosevelt's attention to the matter. Roosevelt responded by creating a government committee to coordinate and provide modest funding for early uranium research. Work also proceeded during this period on the design of an atomic pile that could demonstrate the potential of atomic energy and possibly provide a second path to the atomic bomb besides uranium.

472

Manhattan Project: Early Uranium Research, 1939-1941  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Ernest Lawrence, Arthur Compton, Vannevar Bush, and James Conant discuss uranium research, Berkeley, March 29, 1940. EARLY URANIUM RESEARCH Ernest Lawrence, Arthur Compton, Vannevar Bush, and James Conant discuss uranium research, Berkeley, March 29, 1940. EARLY URANIUM RESEARCH (1939-1941) Events > Early Government Support, 1939-1942 Einstein's Letter, 1939 Early Uranium Research, 1939-1941 Piles and Plutonium, 1939-1941 Reorganization and Acceleration, 1940-1941 The MAUD Report, 1941 A Tentative Decision to Build the Bomb, 1941-1942 President Franklin D. Roosevelt responded to the call for government support of uranium research quickly but cautiously. He appointed Lyman J. Briggs, director of the National Bureau of Standards, head of the Advisory Committee on Uranium, which met for the first time on October 21, 1939. The committee, including both civilian and military representation, was to coordinate its activities with Alexander Sachs and look into the current state of research on uranium to recommend an appropriate role for the federal government. In early 1940, only months after the outbreak of war in Europe, the Uranium Committee recommended that the government fund limited research on isotope separation as well as Enrico Fermi's and Leo Szilard's work on fission chain reactions at Columbia University (below).

473

A Process for Predicting Manhole Events in Manhattan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a knowledge discovery and data mining process developed as part of the Columbia/Con Edison project on manhole event prediction. This process can assist with real-world prioritization problems that involve raw ...

Isaac, Delfina

474

Manhattan Project truck unearthed at landfill cleanup site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

truck we found was used for," said Bruce Schappell, LANL's deputy associate director for Environmental Programs. "It's in pretty bad shape." The truck will be crushed, packaged...

475

Manhattan Project Truck Unearthed in Recovery Act Cleanup  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

truck we found was used for," said Bruce Schappell, LANL's deputy associate director for Environmental Programs. "It's in pretty bad shape." The truck will be crushed, packaged...

476

TOWARD A CLEANER, MORE EQUITABLE WASTE TRANSFER SYSTEM IN MANHATTAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

people, including the right to clean air, clean water, healthy food and flourishing ecosystems. Guided because they are nonpartisan, cost-effective and fair. ©2004 Environmental Defense Printed on 80% recycled traffic congestion, add to noise and increase air pollution, exacerbating the city's already severe asthma

Columbia University

477

Work of Manhattan Project-era photographer Ed Westcott lives...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Media Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Video Gallery Photo Gallery Jobs Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home NNSA Blog Work...

478

Workers Safely Tear Down Towers at Manhattan Project Site | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

uncontaminated and in a non-posted area. Addthis Related Articles Oak Ridge's K-1206 F Fire Water Tower falls into an empty field during a recent demolition project. Oak Ridge's...

479

Chair for Looking at Manhattan Island (1983) by Michel Gerard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

John Bettenbender, Mason Gross dean George B. Stauffer noted that the area would "unite" the four major Mason Gross School of the Arts graduate. Many of Winsor's works, including Brick Dome, are composed of Steven Feren, a1981 graduate of the Mason Gross School of the Arts, created Players as part of his M

Liu, Alice Y.C.

480

Provo River Project Power Sales Rate History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Provo River Project Power Sales Rate History Updated: 12/20/2013 Rate Schedule Effective Dates Energy (Mills/kWh) Capacity ($/kW-mo.) Combined (Mills/kWh) Administrative Action 4/58 - 6/64 (Summer Season) 3.000 N.A. N.A. Administrative Action 10/58 - 4/64 (Winter Season) 4.500 N.A. N.A. Administrative Action 7/64 - 9/79 (Summer Season) 5.000 N.A. N.A. Administrative Action 10/64 - 9/79 (Winter Season) 3.000 N.A. N.A. Administrative Action 10/79 - 9/82 6.000 N.A. N.A. Administrative Action 10/82 - 9/90 6.850 N.A. N.A. Administrative Action 10/90 - 9/94 8.000 N.A. N.A. Administrative Action 10/94 - Present Installments N.A. N.A. Note: The Provo River Project sells energy only. As of October 1994, customers pay all OM&R expenses and in return, receive all the energy produced by the Project.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history timeline manhattan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

History of the Lenz-Ising Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many physico-chemical systems can be represented more or less accurately by a lattice arrangement of molecules with nearest-neighbor interactions. The simplest and most popular version of this theory is the so-called "Ising model," discussed by Ernst Ising in 1925 but suggested earlier (1920) by Wilhelm Lenz.Major events in the subsequent history of the Lenz-Ising model are reviewed, including early approximate methods of solution, Onsager's exact result for the two-dimensional model, the use of the mathematically equivalent "lattice gas" model to study gas-liquid and liquid-solid phase transitions, and recent progress in determining the singularities of thermodynamic and magnetic properties at the critical point. Not only is there a wide range of possible physical applications of the model, there is also an urgent need for the application of advanced mathematical techniques in order to establish its exact properties, especially in the neighborhood of phase transitions where approximate methods are unreliable.

STEPHEN G. BRUSH

1967-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

A time history algorithm for aircraft noise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the course of the development of a comprehensive computer airport noisemodel offering a choice of noise metrics (see previous paper) the ASDS metric (Aircraft Sound Description System) required the computation of the time noise levels from aircraft flyover exceed specified thresholds. A package of subroutines was developed that performs a noise level time history simulation by tracking aircraft position and orientation along a three?dimensional flight path using variable time steps depending on the rate of noise level change. The A?weighted noise levels at observer positions are calculated for each time step from two three?dimensional models: a three?component jet engine noise emission model (front fan rear fan jet) where each component varies with engine thrust at a different rate; and a propagation model describing the excess attenuation of A?weighted levels as a function of distance. Both models use aircraft specific empirical parameters determined from measured spectral data and calibrated by comparing calculated and measured maximum A?weighted flyover levels for a range of practical distances. The subroutine package is capable of calculating threshold exceedance times cumulative distributions of noise levels and the time?integrated energy equivalent noise level from an aircraft flyover. [Work supported by the U. S. Department of Transportation.

R. Rackl

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Wormholes record species history in space and time  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Wormholes record species history in space and time S. Blair Hedges e-mail...woodcut (1606) by Ramusio (Library of Congress). (c) Netherlandish...Bibliotheque national de France, Library of Congress, Metropolitan Museum...Wormholes record species history in space and time. | Genetic and fossil...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

The History of Ion Chromatography: The Engineering Perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The History of Ion Chromatography: The Engineering Perspective ... Nonetheless, the engineering community must often remind these highly dedicated researchers that the original invention is frequently only the tip of the iceberg on the road from origin to commercialization. ... This article traces the history of the engineering development related to the several generations of ion chromatography instruments, columns, suppressers, and software. ...

Barton Evans

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Department of History and Philosophy Philosophy -Philosophy Option Checklist  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of History and Philosophy Philosophy - Philosophy Option Checklist 2012 -2014 Catalog Student: GID #: Students may declare a philosophy major at any time. Please go to the Department Office Grade 1. PHL 236Q, Logic Upper-division courses: Required History of Philosophy Courses Semester Grade 1

Lawrence, Rick L.

486

MSU Departmental Assessment Plan Department: History and Philosophy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 MSU Departmental Assessment Plan 2007-2009 Department: History and Philosophy Department Head: Dr. Brett L. Walker, Professor and Chair, Department of History and Philosophy Assessment Coordinator: Dr-SETS (science, environment, technology, society) Philosophy-Philosophy Option Philosophy-Religious Studies

Maxwell, Bruce D.

487

Privacy Impact Assessment National Museum of Natural History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Privacy Impact Assessment National Museum of Natural History Paleobiology Training Program I usually begins in March and continues into July and meets once a week in the Natural History Museum. The following information will be collected and stored in the PTP database: Full applicant name, mailing address

Mathis, Wayne N.

488

Collection and Use of Family History in Oncology Clinics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Collection and Use of Family History in Oncology Clinics TO THE EDITOR: The American Society of Clinical Oncology expert statement1 covered many helpful aspects of the clinical use of a family history-Cancer Database,relatingtotheproportionoffamilialcancers.3 Totalcancers in the offspring population (maximal age

Hemminki, Akseli

489

University of Tennessee Health Science Center History and Archive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Tennessee Health Science Center History and Archive Inventory by Series This is a file folder inventory of the material accessioned by the History and Archive Committee. The material department, and then by box and folder number. All the the records in this database have been sorted

Cui, Yan

490

Selected References on the History of Marine Fisheries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Selected References on the History of Marine Fisheries An initial goal for this special 50th, a bibliography on the history of marine fisheries. Presum ably, the list would be neither long nor time consuming to construct. Indeed, initial database and index searches pro duced little of value-a bare handful of citations

491

Geological History of Lake Lahontan, a Quaternary Lake of Northwestern  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

History of Lake Lahontan, a Quaternary Lake of Northwestern History of Lake Lahontan, a Quaternary Lake of Northwestern Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Geological History of Lake Lahontan, a Quaternary Lake of Northwestern Nevada Abstract Abstract unavailable. Author Israel C. Russell Organization U.S. Geological Survey Published U.S. Government Printing Office, 1885 Report Number Monograph M11 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Geological History of Lake Lahontan, a Quaternary Lake of Northwestern Nevada Citation Israel C. Russell (U.S. Geological Survey). 1885. Geological History of Lake Lahontan, a Quaternary Lake of Northwestern Nevada. Washington, District of Columbia: U.S. Government Printing Office. Report No.:

492

Utah Division of State History | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

State History State History Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Utah Division of State History Name Utah Division of State History Address 300 S. Rio Grande St. Place Salt Lake City, Utah Zip 84101 Phone number 801.533.3500 Website http://history.utah.gov/index. Coordinates 40.7623958°, -111.9047846° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.7623958,"lon":-111.9047846,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

493

New Book Updates INL's History, Documents a Decade of Transformation |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Book Updates INL's History, Documents a Decade of Book Updates INL's History, Documents a Decade of Transformation New Book Updates INL's History, Documents a Decade of Transformation June 21, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Brad Bugger 208-526-0833 Tim Jackson 208-526-8484 The U.S. Department of Energy is releasing an update to the history of the Idaho National Laboratory, documenting a decade of transformation at the laboratory, and a "decade of doing" for the Idaho Cleanup Project. "Transformed: A Recent History of the Idaho National Laboratory, 2000 to 2010," was commissioned to update the highly popular, "Proving the Principle," the book that was issued in 1999 to document the first 50 years of the lab. "During the first decade of this century, Idaho National Laboratory got a

494

What is the History of the NMMSS? | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

History of the NMMSS? | National Nuclear Security History of the NMMSS? | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog What is the History of the NMMSS? Home > About Us > Our Programs > Nuclear Security > Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System > NMMSS Information, Reports & Forms > Frequently Asked Questions > What is the History of the NMMSS?

495

Demonology in Ancient Egypt History and Developments during the Later Phases of Pharaonic History and the Greco-Roman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demonology in Ancient Egypt History and Developments during the Later Phases of Pharaonic History and the Greco-Roman Period. Rita Lucarelli In this paper the meaning and function of demons in ancient Egypt have been outlined and a few central issues concerning demonology of Pharaonic and Greco-Roman Egypt

Qian, Ning

496

Statistics of particle time-temperature histories.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Particles in non - isothermal turbulent flow are subject to a stochastic environment tha t produces a distribution of particle time - temperature histories. This distribution is a function of the dispersion of the non - isothermal (continuous) gas phase and the distribution of particles relative to that gas phase. In this work we extend the one - dimensional turbulence (ODT) model to predict the joint dispersion of a dispersed particle phase and a continuous phase. The ODT model predicts the turbulent evolution of continuous scalar fields with a model for the cascade of fluctuations to smaller sc ales (the 'triplet map') at a rate that is a function of the fully resolved one - dimens ional velocity field . Stochastic triplet maps also drive Lagrangian particle dispersion with finite Stokes number s including inertial and eddy trajectory - crossing effect s included. Two distinct approaches to this coupling between triplet maps and particle dispersion are developed and implemented along with a hybrid approach. An 'instantaneous' particle displacement model matches the tracer particle limit and provide s an accurate description of particle dispersion. A 'continuous' particle displacement m odel translates triplet maps into a continuous velocity field to which particles respond. Particles can alter the turbulence, and modifications to the stochastic rate expr ession are developed for two - way coupling between particles and the continuous phase. Each aspect of model development is evaluated in canonical flows (homogeneous turbulence, free - shear flows and wall - bounded flows) for which quality measurements are ava ilable. ODT simulations of non - isothermal flows provide statistics for particle heating. These simulations show the significance of accurately predicting the joint statistics of particle and fluid dispersion . Inhomogeneous turbulence coupled with the in fluence of the mean flow fields on particles of varying properties alter s particle dispersion. The joint particle - temperature dispersion leads to a distribution of temperature histories predicted by the ODT . Predictions are shown for the lower moments an d the full distributions of the particle positions, particle - observed gas temperatures and particle temperatures. An analysis of the time scales affecting particle - temperature interactions covers Lagrangian integral time scales based on temperature autoco rrelations, rates of temperature change associated with particle motion relative to the temperature field and rates of diffusional change of temperatures. These latter two time scales have not been investigated previously; they are shown to be strongly in termittent having peaked distributions with long tails. The logarithm of the absolute value of these time scales exhibits a distribution closer to normal. A cknowledgements This work is supported by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) under their Counter - Weapons of Mass Destruction Basic Research Program in the area of Chemical and Biological Agent Defeat under award number HDTRA1 - 11 - 4503I to Sandia National Laboratories. The authors would like to express their appreciation for the guidance provi ded by Dr. Suhithi Peiris to this project and to the Science to Defeat Weapons of Mass Destruction program.

Hewson, John C.; Lignell, David O.; Sun, Guangyuan

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Pennsylvanian history of the Chautauqua Arch  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Westward extension of the Ozark Uplift known as the Chautauqua Arch is concealed by a Pennsylvanian cover. This cover provides an insight into its later tectonic history subsequent to its major Late Devonian uplift and truncation. Part of this arch was episodically uplifted during Pennsylvanian time in an area extending west from southwestern Missouri along the Kansas-Oklahoma border to western Montgomery County. Recent stratigraphic mapping in that county indicates moderate Late Desmoinesian to Missourian tectonism. Some strata present on both flanks of the arch are either comparatively thin or missing owing to unconformity truncation or non-deposition. Stratal loss involves the Lenapah Limestone, the Hepler and Lost Branch formations, the Cherryvale Shale and the Hertha, Drum, Dewey, Stanton and Wyandotte Limestones. Earlier movements also account for the truncation of Morrowan, Atokan and possibly some Early Desmoinesian beds over the arch. Between tectonic episodes along the arch there were periods of relative tectonic quiescence accompanied by shelf-edge carbonate banks, condensed sequences and siliciclastic sedimentation. West of Montgomery County in Chautauqua County, the widespread Late Pennsylvanian Virgilian outcrops show practically no tectonism. Therefore, the name Chautauqua Arch seems inappropriate for this Pennsylvanian arch, and the name Tri-State Arch is proposed. This arch is bounded on the north by the Cherokee Basin and on the south by the northern rise of the Arkoma Basin. Although this arch is commonly omitted on many tectonic maps, it is a stronger gravity feature than the Bourbon Arch about 50 miles northward. Both tectonic and sedimentary structures have produced much oil and gas entrapment along this arch. For example, an east-west fault south of Independence, aligned with buried Proterozoic hills, has been specially productive.

Bennison, A.P.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3 Disposition Decision Analysis and Timeline  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This Report to Congress provides a summary of the analysis supporting DOE's determination to dispose of the Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3 through sale of all right, title, interest on the open market.

499

MagLab - Timeline of Electricity and Magnetism: 1940 - 1959  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1944 Mathematical chemist Lars Onsager provides a solution to the two-dimensional Ising model that accurately predicts the behavior of a magnet. 1945 The Electronic Numerical...

500

MagLab - Timeline of Electricity and Magnetism: 1910 - 1929  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for television. 1924 As part of his doctoral dissertation, German physicist Ernst Ising introduces a model, now known as the Ising model, to explain the behavior of...