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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Fossil Generating Station Case Histories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This annual EPRI Technical Update is a compilation of several case histories of events and activities that occurred at member fossil generating stations in 2007. The purpose of this report is to share this operating experience with other member utilities so that lessons can be learned and an opportunity provided to improve overall performance across the generation fleet.

2008-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

2

A case history comparing noise criteria.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A case history of an indoor HVAC noise problem in a new residential building will be presented. Noise measurements collected in the living room and in the bedroom of the impacted living unit will be examined using several of the available noise criteria methods including

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Monitoring and repairing geothermal casing cement: a case history  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A manmade geothermal reservoir has been created by drilling a deep hole into relatively impermeable hot rocks, creating a large surface area for heat transfer by hydraulic fracturing, then drilling a second hole to intersect the fracture to complete the closed circulation loop. A second generation system, presently being drilled, will entail creating multiple, parallel, vertical fractures between a pair of inclined boreholes. The original completion of injection Hole EE-1, consisting of a conventional high-temperature formulation of Class B portland cement, stabilized with 40% silica sand, did not withstand the cyclic stresses, and rapid deterioration of casing-to-cement and cement-to-formation bonds occurred, which allowed significant flow in the resulting microannulus. The performance history of the casing cement for the existing HDR EE-1 injection well, the subsequent remedial cementing program, the cement bond logs, and the radioactive isotope tracer injections tests, used to monitor the condition of the casing cement is described. (MHR)

Pettitt, R.A.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

WTI Crude Oil Price: Base Case and 95% Confidence Interval  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

WTI Crude Oil Price: Base Case and 95% Confidence Interval. Sources: History: EIA; Projections: Short-Term Energy Outlook, December 2000. Projections

5

Exploration for Geothermal Resources in Dixie Valley, Nevada- Case History  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in Dixie Valley, Nevada- Case History in Dixie Valley, Nevada- Case History Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Exploration for Geothermal Resources in Dixie Valley, Nevada- Case History Abstract After several years of reconnaissance geology in Nevada, an exploration program to evaluate the geothermal resource potential of Dixie Valley was begun in 1974. Between 1974 and 1978 Sunoco Energy Development Co. conducted two heat-flow drilling programs, a resistivity survey, a seismic emission study, a ground noise survey, two magnetotelluric surveys, a hydrology study, and a surface geology survey. The synthesis of the data resulting from these projects into the regional geologic framework led to the acquisition of geothermal resource leases from fee property owners,

6

Efficient IRM enforcement of history-based access control policies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inlined Reference Monitor (IRM) is an established enforcement mechanism for history-based access control policies. IRM enforcement injects monitoring code into the binary of an untrusted program in order to track its execution history. The injected code ... Keywords: distributed optimization protocol, history-based access control policies, inlined reference monitors, language-based security, security automata

Fei Yan; Philip W. L. Fong

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Specifying preferences based on user history  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many applications require users to specify preferences. We support users in this task by letting them define preferences relative to their personal history or that of other users. We implement this idea using a graphical technique called control shadows, ... Keywords: collaborative filtering, history, mobile devices, reuse, visualization

Loren Terveen; Jessica McMackin; Brian Amento; Will Hill

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Base isolation case study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary objective of this thesis is the introduction of the current code, ASCE 7-05 into the base isolation design and the analysis of base isolation response due to seismic forces. An eight story irregular structure ...

Ching, Kenneth A. (Kenneth Apostol)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Base case and perturbation scenarios  

SciTech Connect

This report describes fourteen energy factors that could affect electricity markets in the future (demand, process, source mix, etc.). These fourteen factors are believed to have the most influence on the State? s energy environment. A base case, or most probable, characterization is given for each of these fourteen factors over a twenty year time horizon. The base case characterization is derived from quantitative and qualitative information provided by State of California government agencies, where possible. Federal government databases are nsed where needed to supplement the California data. It is envisioned that a initial selection of issue areas will be based upon an evaluation of them under base case conditions. For most of the fourteen factors, the report identities possible perturbations from base case values or assumptions that may be used to construct additional scenarios. Only those perturbations that are plausible and would have a significant effect on energy markets are included in the table. The fourteen factors and potential perturbations of the factors are listed in Table 1.1. These perturbations can be combined to generate internally consist.ent. combinations of perturbations relative to the base case. For example, a low natural gas price perturbation should be combined with a high natural gas demand perturbation. The factor perturbations are based upon alternative quantitative forecasts provided by other institutions (the Department of Energy - Energy Information Administration in some cases), changes in assumptions that drive the quantitative forecasts, or changes in assumptions about the structure of the California energy markets. The perturbations are intended to be used for a qualitative reexamination of issue areas after an initial evaluation under the base case. The perturbation information would be used as a ?tiebreaker;? to make decisions regarding those issue areas that were marginally accepted or rejected under the base case. Hf a quantitative scoring system for issue areas were applied under the base case, a tractable quantitative decision model incorporating scenarios and their likelihoods could be developed and appli& in the decision process. LLNL has developed four perturbation scenarios that address the following issues: l} low economic growth, 2) high natural gas prices, 3) dysfunctional markets, and 4) a preference for green power. We have proposed a plausible scenario that addresses each issue for discussion and consideration by the CEC. In addition, we have provided an example application of the four perturbation scenarios in a qualitative framework for evaluation of issue areas developed for the PIEPC program. A description of each of the perturbation scenarios and a discussion of how they could effect decisions about today? s R&D funding is included. The scenarios attempt to cover a broad spectrum of plausible outcomes in a deregulated market environment. Nowever, Vhey are not a comprehensive and rigorously defined list of the most probable scenarios, but rather a qualitative inference based upon knowledge and expertise in the energy field.

Edmunds, T

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Extended Brugge benchmark case for history matching and water flooding optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Brugge benchmark case designed for the SPE Applied Technology Workshop (ATW) held in Brugge in June 2008 has proven to be valuable for testing and comparing methods of history matching, production optimization and closed-loop optimization by its ... Keywords: Closed loop reservoir management, History matching, Life-cycle production optimization

E. Peters; Y. Chen; O. Leeuwenburgh; D. S. Oliver

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Geophysical logging case history of the Raft River geothermal system, Idaho  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geophysical logging case history of the Raft River geothermal system, Idaho Geophysical logging case history of the Raft River geothermal system, Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Geophysical logging case history of the Raft River geothermal system, Idaho Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Drilling to evaluate the geothermal resource in the Raft River Valley began in 1974 and resulted in the discovery of a geothermal reservoir at a depth of approximately 1523 m (500 ft). Several organizations and companies have been involved in the geophysical logging program. There is no comprehensive report on the geophysical logging, nor has there been a complete interpretation. The objectives of this study are to make an integrated interpretation of the available data and compile a case history. Emphasis has been on developing a simple interpretation

12

Discovery and geology of the Desert Peak geothermal field: a case history. Bulletin 97  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A case history of the exploration, development (through 1980), and geology of the Desert Peak geothermal field is presented. Sections on geochemistry, geophysics, and temperature-gradient drilling are included.

Benoit, W.R.; Hiner, J.E.; Forest, R.T.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Y-12s Training and Technology ? Case Histories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Labor designated as the Manpower Research Monograph No. 29 and titled A model for training the disadvantaged: TAT at Oak Ridge, Tenn., comes the following case histo- ries of...

14

Energy conservation in the textile industry: 10 case histories  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Presented are ten case studies of energy conserving technologies that have been implemented by the textile industry. For each case is given: the name and location of the plant and an employee contact, description of products, energy consumption and costs in years before and after the energy conserving technology was implemented, energy savings since the energy conserving technology was implemented, description of investment decision-making process, and description of any institutional and environmental considerations. Measures included are: tandem preparation line, dyebath reuse, bump-and-run (dyebath temperature drifts for the last 85% of the hold time), foam finishing, wastewater heat recovery, wastewater chlorination and reuse, oven exhaust air counterflow, boiler economizer, wood-fired boiler, and solar industrial process heat. Several other energy conserving technologies that were not studied are briefly summarized. (LEW)

Not Available

15

EPRI Case History Study: High Pressure Feedwater Heater Replacement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

U.S. utilities are faced with the need for continuous change in the way plants are operated and maintained. A focus on generation costs sets the stage for innovation in the way fossil plant outages are planned and managed. While nuclear plants have been pioneers in this area, fossil plant managers and support staff are now recognizing ways to extend runs between outages and minimize outage duration. This is being accomplished with aggressive application of condition-based maintenance, and improved outage...

2005-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

16

A Case History of Injection Through 1991 at Dixie Valley, Nevada | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Case History of Injection Through 1991 at Dixie Valley, Nevada Case History of Injection Through 1991 at Dixie Valley, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: A Case History of Injection Through 1991 at Dixie Valley, Nevada Abstract The Dixie Valley injection system has been operational for 3 1/4 years and disperses injectate into the reservoir through three distinct geological environments. Short term step-rate injection tests underestimated the long term injectivity of some of the injectors requiring additional injectors to be drilled. Liberal use of surface discharge over three years allowed orderly development of an eight-well injection system that provides pressure support for nine production wells but has not yet resulted in any cooling problems. Tracer testing identified a single flow path while long

17

Supporting use case based requirements engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Use Cases that describe possible interactions involving a system and its environment are increasingly being accepted as effective means for functional requirements elicitation and analysis. In the current practice, informal definitions of use cases are used and the analysis process is manual. In this paper, we present an approach supported by a tool for use cases based requirements engineering. Our approach includes use cases formalization, a restricted form of natural language for use cases description, and the derivation of an executable specification as well as a simulation environment from use cases. Key words: Use cases, domain modeling, UML, requirements engineering, prototyping

Stéphane S. Somé

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Preconditioning concepts in polymer flooding in high-salinity reservoirs; Laboratory investigations and case histories  

SciTech Connect

In polymer-flood field projects with partially hydrolized polyacrylamide (PH PAA) solutions, the authors applied two methods of preconditioning: a preflush with fresh water and the use of a relatively small slug of a less-salt-sensitive polymer. Results of laboratory work that led to an improved preconditioning concept with polymer are described. Case histories of two projects with two different preconditioning processes are presented and discussed in detail.

Volz, H.; Maltin, B.K. (RWE-DEA AG (DE)); Sohn, W.O.

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Case history studies of energy conservation improvements in the dairy industry  

SciTech Connect

Presented are ten case histories about energy-efficient technologies implemented by the dairy industry. For each case is presented: the name and location of the company, and its product line; energy consumption and costs at the plant before and after implementation of energy-conserving technology; the factors that prompted the investment; and product quality as a result of the new equipment. The measures presented are: refrigeration compressor replacement, turbulators in boiler tubes, stack exchange on boilers, reverse osmosis, six-effect evaporator, multi-effect evaporator with thermal vapor recompressor, spray dryer heat recovery, efficient compressor operations, mechanical vapor recompression evaporator, preheated spray dryer air with recoverable waste heat. (LEW)

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Integrating both Wikis and XML with case bases to facilitate case base development and maintenance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Case-based reasoning (CBR), as a promising technology for problem solving and decision support, has drawn considerable attention during the last 20years. As CBR systems become more frequently deployed in real-world situations and as large-scale case-bases ... Keywords: Case-based reasoning, Integration, Open XML, Wikis

Wu He; Lida Xu

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Case history studies of energy conservation improvements in the meat industry  

SciTech Connect

Presented are case histories for ten energy-efficient technologies implemented by the meat industry. For each case is presented: the name and location of the plant, name of plant employee contact with address and telephone number, energy consumption and costs at the plant before and after implementation of energy-conserving technology, description of the investment decision process, and changes in production or product quality as a result of the new equipment. The measures presented are: continuous rendering, high-pressure return on the boiler, heat recovery from condensate return and flash steam, continuous whole blood processing, preheating of process water with recovered refrigeration waste heat, continuous rendering of poultry scraps, electrical stimulation of beef, preheating and storing process water with recovered refrigeration waste heat, microcomputer control system, and housekeeping improvements. (LEW)

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Maintaining Footprint-Based Retrieval for Case Deletion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effectiveness and efficiency of case-based reasoning (CBR) systems depend largely on the success of case-based retrieval. The case-base maintenance (CBM) issues become imperative and important especially for modern societies. This paper proposes ... Keywords: case-based maintenance, case-based reasoning, competence models, footprint-based retrieval

Ning Lu; Jie Lu; Guangquan Zhang

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Evidence-Based Reviews: History, Utility, and Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performing evidence-based reviews (EBR) is a growing and important area of research, and more graduate students should be educated in this area. EBRs provide conclusions based on science and follow a specific methodology to decrease bias, consider all pertinent science on the topic, and have transparency. This thesis is two-fold and includes: 1) a faculty course manual on how to facilitate a college course on EBR and 2) an EBR manuscript on the utility of nutrition labeling to affect consumers’ ability to select more nutritious products and whether or not nutrition labeling can affect purchase and consumption of more nutritious products. This EBR is timely in that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has called for a moratorium on Front-of-Pack labeling (FOP) until two Institute of Medicine Committees have produced their reports and FDA has interpreted those reports. The intention of the manuscript is that it will aid in this interpretation. Of 978 articles collected, 699 were excluded using exclusion/inclusion criteria, 253 were identified as secondary articles, and 26 were used for the EBR. Results: Ten studies answered question #1 on whether or not consumers can pick a more nutritious product by reading labels and 21 answered question #2 on whether consumers actually change their purchasing and/or eating behavior by using labels. Studies ranged from simple cross-sectional studies that used survey data to more complex studies that collected sales data or performed in-store observations. In conclusion, consumers are able to use food labels to pick more nutritious products. Preliminary evidence suggests that a subset of health conscious consumers will read food labels to select a healthier product within a product category. Less evidence exists that reading labels actually results in a change of food intake. More intervention rather than survey studies are required to address this issue. In addition, the next stages of investigation should include looking at the whole diet, rather than just individual foods, and finally what affect the whole diet may have on overall health.

Field, Lindsey 1982-

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Case History of Reapplication of a 2500 KW Steam Turbine/Gear Drive Generator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In today' s equipment market more and more projects are turning toward existing equipment to justify a project. New equipment's delivery time and/or capital cost can keep a good project "grounded". In the turbomachinery industry, a few companies have developed the expertise to identify candidates of existing machines that can be adopted for many new applications. These companies can inspect, modify, recondition and rerate the equipment as needed, which helps bring in a project within budget and on time. This paper is the history of such an application. The delivery schedule requirements and limited capital made the project feasible only through the technology of reapplying existing machines to a new service. The project involves a plant that extracts landfill gas and converts it to diesel fuel, naphtha and a high grade of wax. The plant requires a steam turbine generator set to produce electrical power for its base load operation. This paper covers the history of how the turbine, gear and generator were selected, along with the highlights of the engineering work required to insure the mechanical operation of the string of equipment.

Smith, S.

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Magmatic History Of The East Rift Zone Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Based On  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magmatic History Of The East Rift Zone Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Based On Magmatic History Of The East Rift Zone Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Based On Drill Core From Soh 1 Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Magmatic History Of The East Rift Zone Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Based On Drill Core From Soh 1 Details Activities (4) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Deep drilling has allowed for the first time an examination of most of the shield stage of a Hawaiian volcano when it is centered over the hotspot and most of its volume is produced. We determined the lithologies, ages, geochemical characteristics and accumulation rates of rocks from the continuously cored, ~1.7 km deep Scientific Observation Hole (SOH) 1, which was drilled into Kilauea's East Rift Zone. The uppermost ~750 m of this hole contain relatively unaltered subaerially quenched lavas; the lower

26

Virtual Museum Captures Ohio Plant History: Web-based Project Preserves  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Virtual Museum Captures Ohio Plant History: Web-based Project Virtual Museum Captures Ohio Plant History: Web-based Project Preserves Plant's Uranium Enrichment Legacy Virtual Museum Captures Ohio Plant History: Web-based Project Preserves Plant's Uranium Enrichment Legacy May 21, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis An online museum on the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant went live earlier this year. An online museum on the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant went live earlier this year. PIKETON, Ohio - Do you wonder what the interior of a uranium enrichment plant looks like without ever stepping foot in the facility? Now, the public can view photos, watch interviews with current and former workers who share historical accounts and browse old newsletters on the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant from as far back as the early 1950s with

27

Virtual Museum Captures Ohio Plant History: Web-based Project Preserves  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Virtual Museum Captures Ohio Plant History: Web-based Project Virtual Museum Captures Ohio Plant History: Web-based Project Preserves Plant's Uranium Enrichment Legacy Virtual Museum Captures Ohio Plant History: Web-based Project Preserves Plant's Uranium Enrichment Legacy May 21, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis An online museum on the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant went live earlier this year. An online museum on the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant went live earlier this year. PIKETON, Ohio - Do you wonder what the interior of a uranium enrichment plant looks like without ever stepping foot in the facility? Now, the public can view photos, watch interviews with current and former workers who share historical accounts and browse old newsletters on the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant from as far back as the early 1950s with

28

1980 Base case and feasibility analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a task of documenting a base case'' and performing a feasibility analysis for a national residential energy efficiency program for new homes, The principal objective of the task wasto estimate the energy consumption of typical homes built in 1980 and then to identify and assess the feasibility of methods to reduce that consumption by 50%. The goal of the program by the year 2000 is to reduce heating and cooling energy use in new homes built under the program to one-half of the energy use in typical new homes built in 1980. The task also calls for determining whether the program goal should be revised, based on the analysis.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

1980 Base case and feasibility analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a task of documenting a ``base case`` and performing a feasibility analysis for a national residential energy efficiency program for new homes, The principal objective of the task wasto estimate the energy consumption of typical homes built in 1980 and then to identify and assess the feasibility of methods to reduce that consumption by 50%. The goal of the program by the year 2000 is to reduce heating and cooling energy use in new homes built under the program to one-half of the energy use in typical new homes built in 1980. The task also calls for determining whether the program goal should be revised, based on the analysis.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

The Momotombo Geothermal Field, Nicaragua: Exploration and development case history study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This case history discusses the exploration methods used at the Momotombo Geothermal Field in western Nicaragua, and evaluates their contributions to the development of the geothermal field models. Subsequent reservoir engineering has not been synthesized or evaluated. A geothermal exploration program was started in Nicaragua in 1966 to discover and delineate potential geothermal reservoirs in western Nicaragua. Exploration began at the Momotombo field in 1970 using geological, geochemical, and geophysical methods. A regional study of thermal manifestations was undertaken and the area on the southern flank of Volcan Momotombo was chosen for more detailed investigation. Subsequent exploration by various consultants produced a number of geotechnical reports on the geology, geophysics, and geochemistry of the field as well as describing production well drilling. Geological investigations at Momotombo included photogeology, field mapping, binocular microscope examination of cuttings, and drillhole correlations. Among the geophysical techniques used to investigate the field sub-structure were: Schlumberger and electromagnetic soundings, dipole mapping and audio-magnetotelluric surveys, gravity and magnetic measurements, frequency domain soundings, self-potential surveys, and subsurface temperature determinations. The geochemical program analyzed the thermal fluids of the surface and in the wells. This report presents the description and results of exploration methods used during the investigative stages of the Momotombo Geothermal Field. A conceptual model of the geothermal field was drawn from the information available at each exploration phase. The exploration methods have been evaluated with respect to their contributions to the understanding of the field and their utilization in planning further development. Our principal finding is that data developed at each stage were not sufficiently integrated to guide further work at the field, causing inefficient use of resources.

None

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

sets, and the associated case histories provide an excellent reference for researchers and managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

history of exible exchange rates. These countries produce and rely on a variety of commodity products (Australia, Canada, and New Zealand) with well developed asset markets and a su¢ ciently long history of #12.2%, Australian Wool 6.8%, New Zealand Wool 6.8%, Palm Oil 3.8%, Coconut oil 2.2% and soyaoil 0.6%. Again

Wake, Marvalee H.

32

Using case-based tests to detect gray cygnets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Black Swans are surprising, exceptional, provocative cases that instigate major change. Gray Cygnets follow a Black Swan, are highly similar to it, are also exceptional in outcome, and continue to provoke change. We discuss experiments with a family ... Keywords: black swans, case similarity, case-based reasoning, classification tests, gray cygnets, supreme on-point case (sopc), surprising cases

Edwina L. Rissland; Xiaoxi Xu

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

History-based, online, battery lifetime prediction for embedded and mobile devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel, history-based, statistical technique for online battery lifetime prediction. The approach first takes a one-time, full cycle, voltage measurement of a constant load, and uses it to transform the partial voltage curve of the current workload into a form with robust predictability. Based on the transformed history curve, we apply a statistical method to make a lifetime prediction. We investigate the performance of the implementation of our approach on a widely used mobile device (HP iPAQ) running Linux, and compare it to two similar battery prediction technologies: ACPI and Smart Battery. We employ twenty-two constant and variable workloads to verify the efficacy of our approach. Our results show that this approach is efficient, accurate, and able to adapt to different systems and batteries easily. 1

Ye Wen; Rich Wolski; Chandra Krintz

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Alternative Underwriting Criteria … Using Utility Bill Payment History as a Proxy for Credit: Case Study on Clean Energy Works Oregon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Policy Brief is an excerpt from the report: "Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Policy Brief is an excerpt from the report: "Delivering Energy Efficiency to Middle Income Single Family Households." For the full report and other resources visit: http://middleincome.lbl.gov April 4, 2012 Alternative Underwriting Criteria - Using Utility Bill Payment History as a Proxy for Credit: Case Study on Clean Energy Works Oregon Launched as a Portland-based pilot in April 2010, Clean Energy Works Oregon (CEWO) provides outreach,

35

A Model for Personalized Web-Scale Case Base Maintenance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The growing use of case-based reasoning (CBR) systems on the Web has brought with it increased awareness of the Web-scale case base maintenance (CBM). While most existing CBM policies and approaches, which were designed for smaller case bases with sizes ...

Jingyu Sun; Xueli Yu; Ruizhi Wang; Ning Zhong

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Fuzzy case-based reasoning for facial expression recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fuzzy logic (FL) and case-based reasoning (CBR) are two well-known techniques for the implementation of intelligent classification systems. Each technique has its own advantages and drawbacks. FL, for example, provides an intuitive user interface, simplifies ... Keywords: Case-based reasoning, Fuzzy case-based reasoning, Fuzzy logic, Human computer interaction, Intelligent systems

Aasia Khanum; Muid Mufti; M. Younus Javed; M. Zubair Shafiq

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Learning adaptation knowledge to improve case-based reasoning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Case-Based Reasoning systems retrieve and reuse solutions for previously solved problems that have been encountered and remembered as cases. In some domains, particularly where the problem solving is a classification task, the retrieved solution can ... Keywords: Adaptation knowledge, Case-based reasoning, Introspective learning, Knowledge acquisition, Machine learning

Susan Craw; Nirmalie Wiratunga; Ray C. Rowe

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Temperature histories in geothermal wells: survey of rock thermomechanical properties and drilling, production, and injection case studies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Thermal and mechanical properties for geothermal formations are tabulated for a range of temperatures and stress conditions. Data was obtained from the technical literature and direct contacts with industry. Thermal properties include heat capacity, conductivity, and diffusivity. Undisturbed geothermal profiles are also presented. Mechanical properties include Youngs modulus and Poisson ratio. GEOTEMP thermal simulations of drilling, production and injection are reported for two geothermal regions, the hot dry rock area near Los Alamos and the East Mesa field in the Imperial Valley. Actual drilling, production, and injection histories are simulated. Results are documented in the form of printed GEOTEMP output and plots of temperatures versus depth, radius, and time. Discussion and interpretation of the results are presented for drilling and well completion design to determine: wellbore temperatures during drilling as a function of depth; bit temperatures over the drilling history; cement temperatures from setting to the end of drilling; and casing and formation temperatures during drilling, production, and injection.

Goodman, M.A.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Commercial Exploitation and the Origin of Residual Oil Zones: Developing a Case History in the Permian Basin of New Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Developing a Case History in the Permian Basin of New Mexico and West Texas A large new resource of recoverable oil has been identified in the San Andres dolomite Formation. Residual Oil Zones, ROZs, up to 300 ’ thick containing 20-40 % oil in pores of the dolomitic reservoir are present both below and between presently productive fields. The oil in the ROZs is residual, i.e., not recoverable by primary production methods or water flooding, but oil is recoverable using enhanced oil recovery (EOR) methods such as CO2 EOR. Although preliminary at this stage, the estimated oil in place in the ROZ’s

Basin Of New Mexico; West Texas; West Texas; Dr. Robert Trentham; L. Steven Melzer; David Vance; Arcadis U. S

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd EditionChapter 2 History of Vegetable Oil-Based Diesel Fuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd Edition Chapter 2 History of Vegetable Oil-Based Diesel Fuels Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Biofuels - Bioproducts eChapters Press   Downloadable pdf of Chapter 2

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Combining Case-Based and Model-Based Reasoning for the Diagnosis of Complex Devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel approach to integrating case-based reasoning with model-based diagnosis is presented. This approach, called Experience Aided Diagnosis (EAD), uses the model of the device and the results of diagnostic tests to index and match cases representing past ... Keywords: case-based reasoning, hybrid problem-solving methods, model-based diagnosis

M. P. Féret; J. I. Glasgow

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Process Engineering Division Texaco Gasifier IGCC Base Cases  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engineering Division Engineering Division Texaco Gasifier IGCC Base Cases PED-IGCC-98-001 July 1998 Latest Revision June 2000 PREFACE This report presents the results of an analysis of three Texaco Gasifier IGCC Base Cases. The analyses were performed by W. Shelton and J. Lyons of EG&G. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1. Process Descriptions 1.1 Texaco Gasifier 1.2 Air Separation Plant (ASU) 1.3 Gas Cooling/Heat Recovery/Hydrolysis/Gas Saturation (Case 1 and Case 2) 1.4 Cold Gas Cleanup Unit (CGCU) (Case 1 and Case 2) 1.5 Fine Particulate Removal/ Chloride Guard Bed - Case 3 1.6 Transport Desulfurization HGCU - Case 3 1.7 Sulfuric Acid Plant - Case 3 1.8 Gas Turbine 1.9 Steam Cycle 1.10 Power Production 2. Simulation Development 3. Cost of Electricity Analysis

43

Dover Textiles - A Case History on Retrofitting Factories with a Boiler System Fueled on Coal, Wood and Waste  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The shortage of affordable gas and oil boiler fuels and the recent Iran/Iraq war underscores the urgent need for the American industrial system to convert to domestically controlled fuels and particularly coal, wood, and waste. More talk than action has been present. However, Dover Textiles, Shelby, North Carolina, is a major textile concern which has aggressively addressed the high cost and vulnerability of oil, as well as the increasing cost of natural gas, for their boiler system by purchasing a coal, wood, and waste fired boiler system to serve two plants. This case history will document payback periods of less than three years; return on investments of 20% plus; benefits of North Carolina and federal investment tax credits; EPA considerations, which in this case required no additional capital investment; fuel supply; material handling; ash removal; and other design considerations.

Pincelli, R. D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Energy Conservation Experiences with HVAC Systems in the High Humidity Climate, A Case History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to discuss several commonly encountered problems associated with attempts to air condition buildings in the humid environment. It, first, reports observations made in the course of studying the air conditioning systems in approximately one hundred buildings at USMC Camp Smedley D. Butler in Okinawa, Japan. Three common problems are then discussed in some detail. It was found that in many cases humidity considerations lead to situations which were energy wasteful. In many instances this could be attributed to either design or operational errors. The most common error found was the selection of an improper method of capacity control. Methods of improved capacity control are suggested and the need for additional work is pointed out.

Todd, T. R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Search and Adaptation in a Fuzzy Object Oriented Case Base  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose to represent a case using an object oriented model that enables the description of imprecise knowledge using possibility distributions. The proposed search process is based on this modeling and a fuzzy similarity measure is defined. ...

Magali Ruet; Laurent Geneste

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Residential sidewall insulation case histories, including experiences and problems in the field application of loose fill  

SciTech Connect

An unbonded fiberglass loose-fill insulation was selected for this sidewall application study. The insert tube technique is described and the parameters that affect pneumatic application of the product are identified. The initial evaluation was conducted in the laboratory and included density and thermal testing. The laboratory results were then utilized in field studies. Ten homes with no sidewall insulation were retrofitted. Thermographic scans of sidewalls before and after retrofit confirmed the predicted reductions in heat loss based on calculation techniques given in the ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals. The improvement was further confirmed by comparing utility bills. Typical problems that occur while preparing a house for sidewall retrofit are discussed. The simple payback for typical houses is presented. Good correlation is shown between laboratory test results and field performance. Test data indicate that the application procedure used gave an effective R-value per product claim.

Infante, L.J.; Aller, P.F.; Fay, R.E.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Upgrade of Multiple Boiler/Turbine Plant to Microprocessor Control- A Case History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Utilities Operation of the General Electric - Erie Plant is responsible for providing all energy for the Plant. The primary source is coal, which is used in four boilers to produce steam for the generation of electricity, as well as heat for production and building environment. Three years ago, the obsolete pneumatic controls utilized in the Power Station were replaced by the latest microprocessor-based distributed control Energy Management System. This paper reviews this replacement and is divided into four parts as follows: A. Description of the system selected. B. Actual savings during first three years. C. Expansion of the system during past three years. D. Future expansion plans for the Energy Management System.

Schenk, J. R.; Sommer, A. C.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Chemical Evolution of the Galaxy Based on the Oscillatory Star Formation History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We model the star formation history (SFH) and the chemical evolution of the Galactic disk by combining an infall model and a limit-cycle model of the interstellar medium (ISM). Recent observations have shown that the SFH of the Galactic disk violently variates or oscillates. We model the oscillatory SFH based on the limit-cycle behavior of the fractional masses of three components of the ISM. The observed period of the oscillation ($\\sim 1$ Gyr) is reproduced within the natural parameter range. This means that we can interpret the oscillatory SFH as the limit-cycle behavior of the ISM. We then test the chemical evolution of stars and gas in the framework of the limit-cycle model, since the oscillatory behavior of the SFH may cause an oscillatory evolution of the metallicity. We find however that the oscillatory behavior of metallicity is not prominent because the metallicity reflects the past integrated SFH. This indicates that the metallicity cannot be used to distinguish an oscillatory SFH from one without oscillations.

H. Hirashita; A. Burkert; T. T. Takeuchi

2001-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

49

Applying Case-Based Reasoning to Mechanical Bearing Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) provides a promising methodology for solving many complex engineering design problems. CBR is based on the idea that past problem-solving experiences can be reused and learned from in solving new problems. This paper presents an overview of a CBR design system to assist human engineers in performing mechanical bearing design. It retrieves previously designed cases from a case-base and uses adaptation techniques to adapt them to satisfy the current problem requirements. Our approach combines parametric adaptations and constraint satisfaction adaptations. The technique of parametric adaptation considers not only parameter substitution, but also the interrelationships between the problem definition and its solution. The technique of constraint satisfaction adaptation provides a method to globally check the design requirements to assess case adaptability. Currently, our system has been tested in the rolling bearing domain.

Xiaoli Qin; William C. Regli

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Ontology-Based Network Management: Study Cases and Lessons Learned  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ontology based network management has recently evolved from a theoretical proposal to a more mature technology. As such, it is now being applied in many research projects in a number of different network management and security scenarios. This application ... Keywords: Autonomic management, Lessons learned, Network monitoring, Network security, OWL, Ontology-based network management, SWRL, Study case

Jorge E. López De Vergara; Antonio Guerrero; Víctor A. Villagrá; Julio Berrocal

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

WCOID-DG: An approach for case base maintenance based on Weighting, Clustering, Outliers, Internal Detection and Dbsan-Gmeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The success of the Case Based Reasoning system depends on the quality of the case data and the speed of the retrieval process that can be costly in time, especially when the number of cases gets bulky. To guarantee the system@?s quality, maintaining ... Keywords: Case base maintenance, Case based reasoning, Density based clustering, Gaussian-Means clustering, Outliers detection

Abir Smiti, Zied Elouedi

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Case History of a Clean Water Act Compliance Agreement at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site near Golden, Colorado  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A major Clean Water Act (CWA) Federal Facilities Compliance Agreement was signed on March 25, 1991 by the US Department of Energy, Rocky Flats Field Office (DOE, RFFO) and the Water Enforcement Division of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Region VIII. The agreement revised the Rocky Flats Plant`s National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit and arose from pemittee-requested changes in effluent monitoring points and permit violations, most notably the February 22, 1989 Chromic Acid Incident. The Rocky Flats Plant, now called the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (Site) near Golden Colorado was operated at that time by Rockwell International Corporation, who later plead guilty to six misdemeanor and felony counts of the CWA (the aforementioned NPDES permit violations) and paid a $4 million fine on March 26, 1992. The Compliance Agreement, hereafter referred to as the NPDES FFCA, called for three separate remedial action plans and contained a schedule for their submittal to the EPA. The compliance plans focussed on: (1) Waste Water Treatment Plant (WWTP) performance upgrades, (2) source control and surface water protection, and (3) characterization of the impacts from past sludge disposal practices. Projects that implemented the compliance plans were initiated soon after submittal to the EPA and are forecast to complete in 1997 at a total cost of over $35 million. This paper presents a case history of NPDES FFCA compliance projects and highlights the successes, failures, and lessons learned.

Thompson, J.S.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Hybrid intelligent parameter estimation based on grey case-based reasoning for laminar cooling process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a hybrid intelligent parameter estimation algorithm is proposed for predicting the strip temperature during laminar cooling process. The algorithm combines a hybrid genetic algorithm (HGA) with grey case-based reasoning (GCBR) in order ... Keywords: Grey case-based reasoning, Hybrid genetic algorithm, Laminar cooling process, Parameter estimation

Guishan Xing; Jinliang Ding; Tianyou Chai; Puya Afshar; Hong Wang

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Combining rough set and case based reasoning for process conditions selection in camshaft grinding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Case Based Reasoning (CBR) is a novel paradigm that uses previous cases to solve new, unseen and different problems. However, redundant features may not only dramatically increase the case memory, but also make the case retrieval more time-consuming. ... Keywords: Camshaft grinding, Case based reasoning, Case evaluation, Case reclassify, Feature reduction, Genetic algorithm, Rough set

X. H. Zhang; Z. H. Deng; W. Liu; H. Cao

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

A Case-Based Reasoning View of Automated Collaborative Filtering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From some perspectives Automated Collaborative Filtering (ACF) appears quite similar to Case-Based Reasoning (CBR). It works on data organised around users and assets that might be considered case descriptions. In addition, in some versions of ACF, much of the induction is deferred to run time -- in the lazy learning spirit of CBR. On the other hand, because of its lack of semantic descriptions it seems to be the antithesis of case-based reasoning -- a learning approach based on case representations. This paper analyses the characteristics shared by ACF and CBR, it highlights the differences between the two approaches and attempts to answer the question "When is it useful or valid to consider ACF as CBR?". We argue that a CBR perspective on ACF can only be useful if it offers insights into the ACF process and supports a transfer of techniques. In conclusion we present a case retrieval net model of ACF and show how it allows for enhancements to the basic ACF idea.

Conor Hayes; Padraig Cunningham; Barry Smyth

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

A Network-Flow-Based Scheduler: Design, Performance History, and Experimental Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a program that schedules physician attending teams at Denver Health Medical Center. The program uses network flow techniques to prune an exponentially sized search space. We describe the program design, its performance history at the hospital, ... Keywords: graphs, matroids, scheduling

Harold Gabow; Tadayoshi Kohno

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

A Temporal Description Logic Based Access Control Model for Expressing History Constrained Policies in Semantic Web  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An access control model for Semantic Web should be compatible with the corresponding semantic model. The access control procedure(s) should also take the semantic relationships between the entities (specified as ontologies) into account. Considering ... Keywords: Access Control, Description Logic, Semantic Web, History of Accesses

Fathieh Faghih; Morteza Amini; Rasool Jalili

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

?? /Shigaku / History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? /Shigaku / History Thomas Keirstead Introduction:shigaku as discipline Histories of the historical disciplineedict of 1869 that named history a national priority and

Keirstead, Thomas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Improved Efficiency of Oil Well Drilling through Case Based Reasoning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A system that applies a method of knowledge-intensive case-based reasoning, for repair and prevention of unwanted events in the domain of offshore oil well drilling, has been developed in cooperation with an oil company. From several reoccurring problems during oil well drilling the problem of "lost circulation", i.e. loss of circulating drilling fluid into the geological formation, was picked out as a pilot problem. An extensive general knowledge model was developed for the domain of oil well drilling. About fifty different cases were created on the basis of information from one North Sea operator. When the completed CBR-system was tested against a new case, five cases with descending similarity were selected by the tool. In an informal evaluation, the two best fitting cases proved to give the operator valuable advise on how to go about solving the new case. Introduction Drilling of oil wells is an expensive operation, costing around 150 000 US $ pr. day, and any loss of time caused...

Paal Skalle; Jostein Sveen; Agnar Aamodt

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Case-Based Design Support: A Case Study in Architectural Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Archie, a small computer-based library of architectural design cases, is described. Archie helps architects in the high-level task of conceptual design as opposed to low-level tasks such as drawing and drafting, numerical calculations, and constraint ...

Michael Pearce; Ashok K. Goel; Janet L. Kolodner; Craig Zimring; Lucas Sentosa; Richard Billington

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Case Study - Hill Air Force Base, Utah | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hill Air Force Base, Utah Hill Air Force Base, Utah Case Study - Hill Air Force Base, Utah October 7, 2013 - 2:00pm Addthis Overview Energy savings performance contracting at Hill Air Force Base generated much interest during a recent training session on energy management that downlinked 12 Department of Defense sites. Energy systems in 940 buildings on the Base will be upgraded under an 18-year ESPC between the Government and the energy service company, CES/Way. Improvements are distributed over five task orders that will be completed in five years, with CES/Way providing $2.5 million in up-front costs for the first two task orders. Utah Power & Light will provide $8 million in rebates to help cover the contractor's initial investment, maintenance services, and interest costs.

62

Case-based reasoning ensemble and business application: A computational approach from multiple case representations driven by randomness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Case-based reasoning (CBR) holds the unique capability of making predictions as well as suggestions to corporate executives and organizational decision-makers. How to improve its predictive performance is critical. This research aims to explore an ensemble ... Keywords: Business failure prediction, Case-based reasoning ensemble, Multiple case representations

Hui Li; Jie Sun

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

A case history of a coal gasification wastewater cooling tower at the Great Plains coal gasification project  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the conceptual process design of the Great Plains cooling water system, the fouling history of the cooling tower, and the results of the design modifications. In addition, general design guidelines for future wastewater reuse cooling towers are recommended. By following these guidelines, design engineers can minimize the risk of fouling that could impair a wastewater cooling tower's thermal performance.

Crocker, B.R.; Bromel, M.C.; Pontbriand, M.W.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

A Case Based System for Oil and Gas Well Design with Risk Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A case base system for a complex problem like oil field design needs to be richer than the usual case based reasoning system. Genesis, the system described in this paper contains large heterogeneous cases with metalevel knowledge. A multi-level indexing ... Keywords: case based systems, information extraction, knowledge sharing, oil well design, risk assessment

Simon Kravis; Rosemary Irrgang

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

History - Cyclotron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History History Lawrence's original Cyclotron, for which he received a patent and the Nobel Prize. Lawrence's original cyclotron design was limited to energies where relativistic effects were not important. The third generation cyclotron included "sector-focusing" to allow higher energies to be obtained. The 88-Inch Cyclotron was based on Lawrence's design of a sector-focused cyclotron for the MTA project at Livermore. 1500 man-hours of work were necessary to assemble the trim coils which help regulate the strength and shape of the accelerator's magnetic field. Discussing the cyclotron magnet (seen in the background) are Dr. Elmer Kelly, physicist in charge of the 88-Inch Cyclotron and Warren Dexter, electrical coordinator for the cyclotron project.

66

A Brief History of Excitable Map-Based Neurons and Neural Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This review gives a short historical account of the excitable maps approach for modeling neurons and neuronal networks. Some early models, due to Pasemann (1993), Chialvo (1995) and Kinouchi and Tragtenberg (1996), are compared with more recent proposals by Rulkov (2002) and Izhikevich (2003). We also review map-based schemes for electrical and chemical synapses and some recent findings as critical avalanches in map-based neural networks. We conclude with suggestions for further work in this area like more efficient maps, compartmental modeling and close dynamical comparison with conductance-based models.

M. Girardi-Schappo; M. H. R. Tragtenberg; O. Kinouchi

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Beam History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beam History Print Beamline History Request Form To request a beam current histograph from the ALS storage ring beam histograph database, select the year, month, and day, then...

68

Beam History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beam Status Beam History Print Beamline History Request Form To request a beam current histograph from the ALS storage ring beam histograph database, select the year, month, and...

69

Specification of history based constraints for access control in conceptual level  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An access control model for Semantic Web should take the semantic relationships among the entities, defined in the abstract conceptual level (i.e., ontology level), into account. Authorization and policy specification based on a logical model let us ...

Fathiyeh Faghih; Morteza Amini; Rasool Jalili

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

History Publications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

List of historical publications available through the Department's History Office, including free PDF versions.

71

Unifying weighting and case reduction methods based on rough sets to improve retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Case-Based Reasoning systems usually retrieve cases using a similarity function based on K-NN or some derivatives. These functions are sensitive to irrelevant or noisy features. Weighting methods are used to extract the most important information ...

Maria Salamó; Elisabet Golobardes

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Case study data base companion report 3 to simulation of geothermal subsidence (LBL-10571)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The data base developed for selection and evaluation of geothermal subsidence case studies is presented. Data from this data base were used in case studies of Wairakei, The Geysers, and Austin Bayou Prospect (Report LBL 10571).

Miller, I.; Dershowitz, W.; Jones, K.; Myer, L.; Roman, K.; Schauer, M.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Case study: Improving debt collection processes using rule-based decision engines: A case study of Capital One  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This case assesses the plethora of issues related to rule-based decision engine technology, and in particular, its role in complex and dynamic organizational processes. This paper argues rule-based engines can effectively be implemented for good organizational ... Keywords: Capital One, Debt collection, Project Edison, Rule-based decision, Rule-based engine

Amita Goyal Chin; Hiren Kotak

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Student Summer Project Speci cation -Session 2002 Case-Based Reasoning for Smart Houses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Techniques #15; Case-Based Reasoning #15; Machine Learning #15; Weka using Java or Recall shell using TCL/TK

Wiratunga, Nirmalie

75

CBM-Gen+: An Algorithm for Reducing Case Base Inconsistencies in Hierarchical and Incomplete Domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

formulated case base maintenance (CBM) policies for reducing the size of the case base without losingCBM-Gen+: An Algorithm for Reducing Case Base Inconsistencies in Hierarchical and Incomplete Lehigh University Bethlehem, PA 18015,USA {kex2,hem4}@ lehigh.edu Abstract. We propose an algorithm, CBM

Muñoz-Avila, Héctor

76

Federal Energy Management Program: Case Study - Hill Air Force Base, Utah  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Case Study - Hill Case Study - Hill Air Force Base, Utah to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Case Study - Hill Air Force Base, Utah on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Case Study - Hill Air Force Base, Utah on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Case Study - Hill Air Force Base, Utah on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Case Study - Hill Air Force Base, Utah on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Case Study - Hill Air Force Base, Utah on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Case Study - Hill Air Force Base, Utah on AddThis.com... Energy Savings Performance Contracts Assistance & Contacts Resources Laws & Regulations Energy Service Companies Awarded Projects

77

A History of the Founding of the Institutes of Religion, 1926-1936: A Case Study of a Religious Education Movement in American Higher Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MSS 1540, Boxes 1-4. Church History Library, Salt Lake City,William E. Berrett CES History Research Files, 1899-1985. ”City, UT: Church History Library, ———. "Superintendent's

Tomlinson, Terry Lyn

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Agent-Based vs. Equation-based Epidemiological Models:A Model Selection Case Study  

SciTech Connect

This paper is motivated by the need to design model validation strategies for epidemiological disease-spread models. We consider both agent-based and equation-based models of pandemic disease spread and study the nuances and complexities one has to consider from the perspective of model validation. For this purpose, we instantiate an equation based model and an agent based model of the 1918 Spanish flu and we leverage data published in the literature for our case- study. We present our observations from the perspective of each implementation and discuss the application of model-selection criteria to compare the risk in choosing one modeling paradigm to another. We conclude with a discussion of our experience and document future ideas for a model validation framework.

Sukumar, Sreenivas R [ORNL; Nutaro, James J [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

HISTORY GALLERY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History Gallery TechLab Virtual Exhibits invisible utility element HISTORY GALLERY The Atomic Age begins The conflict that darkened Europe in the late 1930s at first cast no...

80

A strange history of Vietnam: the history of the Vietnam War through film.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??History is being taught by film and as a result many people obtain an "Impression" of history and learn incomplete or in some cases biased… (more)

Foster, Jason Everitt

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Integrating Newer Technology Software Systems into the SLAC Legacy Control System - Two Case Histories and New CMLOG Developments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been the goal of SLAC Controls Software to offload processing from the aging Alpha/VMS based control system onto machines that are more widely accepted and used. An additional goal has been to provide more modern software tools to our user community. This paper presents two software products which satisfy those goals.

J. Chen; M. Laznovsky; R. MacKenzie

2001-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

82

Optimisation-based scheduling: A discrete manufacturing case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work presents the development and implementation of a production scheduling system for an electrical appliance manufacturer. Based on recent advances in optimisation-based scheduling approaches, two different software architectures based on two ... Keywords: Discrete manufacturing, Electrical appliances, Mixed-integer linear programming, Optimization-based scheduling

Michael C. Georgiadis; Aaron A. Levis; Panagiotis Tsiakis; Ioannis Sanidiotis; Constantinos C. Pantelides; Lazaros G. Papageorgiou

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL- 58260 Cosmic Growth History andExpansion History Eric V. Linder Physics Division, LawrenceCalifornia. Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History Eric

Linder, Eric V.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Our History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environment Feature Stories Public Reading Room: Environmental Documents, Reports LANL Home Phonebook Calendar Video About Our History aboutassetsimagesicon-70th.jpg...

85

Well casing-based geophysical sensor apparatus, system and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A geophysical sensor apparatus, system, and method for use in, for example, oil well operations, and in particular using a network of sensors emplaced along and outside oil well casings to monitor critical parameters in an oil reservoir and provide geophysical data remote from the wells. Centralizers are affixed to the well casings and the sensors are located in the protective spheres afforded by the centralizers to keep from being damaged during casing emplacement. In this manner, geophysical data may be detected of a sub-surface volume, e.g. an oil reservoir, and transmitted for analysis. Preferably, data from multiple sensor types, such as ERT and seismic data are combined to provide real time knowledge of the reservoir and processes such as primary and secondary oil recovery.

Daily, William D. (Livermore, CA)

2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

86

Two case studies in grammar-based test generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Grammar-based test generation (GBTG) has seen extensive study and practical use since the 1970s. GBTG was introduced to generate source code for testing compilers from context-free grammars specifying language syntax. More recently, GBTG has been applied ... Keywords: Automated testing, Covering array, Grammar-based test generation, Really Simple Syndication (RSS), TCP, eXtended Markup Language (XML)

Daniel Hoffman; Hong-Yi Wang; Mitch Chang; David Ly-Gagnon; Lewis Sobotkiewicz; Paul Strooper

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Paraconsistent Case-Based Reasoning Applied to a Restoration of Electrical Power Substations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a connection of two techniques applied in Artificial Intelligence to solve problems of restoration of electrical power substations. The techniques are: Case-based Reasoning --- CBR and the Four-Valued Annotated Paraconsistent Logic ... Keywords: CBR, Case-based Reasoning, Decision Support System, Intelligent System, Paraconsistent Logic, Restoration of Electrical Power Substations

Helga Gonzaga Martins; Germano Lambert-Torres; Luiz Eduardo Borges Da Silva; Claudio Inácio Almeida Costa; Maurilio Pereira Coutinho

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Case-based Reasoning Enabling Database Mining for Cryo-Preserving Algae Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Case-based Reasoning's (CBR) origins were stimulated by a desire to understand how people remember information and are in turn reminded of information, and that subsequently it was recognized that people commonly solve problems by remembering how they ... Keywords: Case-based Reasoning, algal, cryopreservation, COBRA, CBR

Jun Wang; Huiqin Ren

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Fossil Generating Station Case Histories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During 2005, EPRI Operations and Management Program managers and contractors have collected information on events that have occurred in fossil generating stations. These events represent only a small sample of those being experienced by the power generation industry, but provide a basis for understanding where actions to improve operations are necessary. Sufficient details have been included for analyzing the events without divulging sources. Recognizing that these reports represent actual events and not...

2006-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

90

Fossil Generating Station Case Histories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During 2006, EPRI Operations and Management Program managers have collected information on events that have occurred in fossil generating stations. These events represent only a small sample of those being experienced by the power generation industry, but provide a basis for understanding where actions to improve operations are necessary. Sufficient details have been included for analyzing the events without divulging sources. Recognizing that these reports represent actual events and not discounting the...

2007-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

91

Fossil Generating Case Histories 2008  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This annual Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) report is a compilation of events and activities that occurred at member fossil generating stations in 2008. The purpose of this report is to share these operating experiences (OEs) with other member utilities so that lessons can be learned and an opportunity provided to improve overall performance across the generation fleet. The report also includes an appendix that contains four assessments that took place at plants during 2008. The focus of these a...

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

92

Supply chain trust diagnosis (SCTD) using inductive case-based reasoning ensemble (ICBRE): The case of general competence trust diagnosis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

General competence trust among supply chain partners, referring to the trust that a partner holds the general ability of fulfilling contracts, is a critical factor to ensure effective cooperation in a supply chain, especially in the current financial ... Keywords: General competence trust, Inductive case-based reasoning ensemble (ICBRE), Supply chain trust diagnosis (SCTD) service

Hui Li; Jie Sun; Jian Wu; Xian-Jun Wu

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

History Images  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History Images History Images Los Alamos History in Images Los Alamos has a proud history and heritage of almost 70 years of science and innovation. The people of the Laboratory work on advanced technologies to provide the best scientific and engineering solutions to many of the nation's most crucial security challenges. Click thumbnails to enlarge. Photos arranged by most recent first, horizontal formats before vertical. See Flickr for more sizes and details. Back in the day Back in the day LA bridge in Los Alamos LA bridge in Los Alamos 1945 Army-Navy "E" Award 1945 Army-Navy "E" Award Louis Rosen Louis Rosen Bob Van Ness Robert Kuckuck and Michael Anastasio Bob Van Ness Robert Kuckuck and Michael Anastasio TA-18 TA-18 Elmer Island TU-4 assembly area Elmer Island TU-4 assembly area

94

Usability evaluation of web-based GIS: case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dependency of the majority of mankind activities on information and communication technologies in general and on geographic information is increasing rapidly. This is one of the reasons why usability of specialized software tools (GIS) belongs today ... Keywords: computer-human interaction, usability, web-based GIS

Jitka Komarkova; Kamil Jakoubek; Miloslav Hub

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

A case study: demands on component-based development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Building software systems with reusable components brings many advantages. The development becomes more efficient, the realibility of the products is enhanced, and the maintenance requirement is significantly reduced. Designing, developing and maintaining ... Keywords: architecture, component-based development, development environment, reuse, standard components

Ivica Crnkovic; Magnus Larsson

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Load flow analysis: Base cases, data, diagrams, and results  

SciTech Connect

This report describes how an electric utility system is modeled by using load flow techniques to establish a validated power flow case suitable for simulating and evaluating alternative system scenarios. Details of the load flow model are supported by additional technical and descriptive information intended to correlate modeled electrical system parameters with the corresponding physical equipment that makes up the system. Pictures and technical specifications of system equipment from the utility, public, or vendor are provided to support this association for many system components. The report summarizes the load flow model construction, simulation, and validation and describes the general capabilities of an information query system designed to access load flow parameters and other electrical system information.

Portante, E.C.; Kavicky, J.A.; VanKuiken, J.C.; Peerenboom, J.P.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the expansion history dark energy equation of state,and growth history constraints on the dark energy equationand growth history constraints on the dark energy equation

Linder, Eric V.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Ontology-supported case-based reasoning approach for intelligent m-Government emergency response services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a critical need to develop a mobile-based emergency response system (MERS) to help reduce risks in emergency situations. Existing systems only provide short message service (SMS) notifications, and the decision support is weak, especially in ... Keywords: Case-based reasoning, Emergency response systems, Information extraction, Mobile-based systems, Ontology, m-Government

Khaled Amailef, Jie Lu

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

NETL: History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History History About NETL History Over the past century, fossil energy research and technology development has been advanced by NETL and its predecessor facilities as the energy needs of the Nation have grown and evolved. 1910 - The newly created Bureau of Mines in the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) opens the Pittsburgh Experiment Station in Bruceton, Pennsylvania, 12 miles south of Pittsburgh. The station includes an experimental coal mine and offers advanced training for coal operators and miners. Onsite research focuses on developing innovative coal-mining safety equipment and practices. 1918 - Following new discoveries of oil in Oklahoma and Texas, the Petroleum Experiment Station is established in Bartlesville, Oklahoma, as one of 17 DOI Bureau of Mines facilities under Public Law 283 (63rd Congress, 1915). The Station pursues systematic application of engineering and scientific methods to oil drilling, helping the early "boom and bust" oil industry create operating and safety standards.

100

NERSC History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History History NERSC History Powering Scientific Discovery Since 1974 Contact: Jon Bashor, jbashor@lbl.gov, +1 510 486 4236 For more information, read "25 Years of Leadership," a historical perspective written at NERSC's quarter-century mark.⨠Download (PDF, 1.7MB) The oil crisis of 1973 did more than create long lines at the gas pumps - it jumpstarted a supercomputing revolution. The quest for alternative energy sources led to increased funding for the Department of Energy's Magnetic Fusion Energy program, and simulating the behavior of plasma in a fusion reactor required a computer center dedicated to this purpose. Founded in 1974 at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the Controlled Thermonuclear Research Computer Center was the first unclassified supercomputer center and was the model for those that

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Fuel Cycle Analysis Framework Base Cases for the IAEA/INPRO GAINS Collaborative Project  

SciTech Connect

Thirteen countries participated in the Collaborative Project GAINS “Global Architecture of Innovative Nuclear Energy Systems Based on Thermal and Fast Reactors Including a Closed Fuel Cycle”, which was the primary activity within the IAEA/INPRO Program Area B: “Global Vision on Sustainable Nuclear Energy” for the last three years. The overall objective of GAINS was to develop a standard framework for assessing future nuclear energy systems taking into account sustainable development, and to validate results through sample analyses. This paper details the eight scenarios that constitute the GAINS framework base cases for analysis of the transition to future innovative nuclear energy systems. The framework base cases provide a reference for users of the framework to start from in developing and assessing their own alternate systems. Each base case is described along with performance results against the GAINS sustainability evaluation metrics. The eight cases include four using a moderate growth projection and four using a high growth projection for global nuclear electricity generation through 2100. The cases are divided into two sets, addressing homogeneous and heterogeneous scenarios developed by GAINS to model global fuel cycle strategies. The heterogeneous world scenario considers three separate nuclear groups based on their fuel cycle strategies, with non-synergistic and synergistic cases. The framework base case analyses results show the impact of these different fuel cycle strategies while providing references for future users of the GAINS framework. A large number of scenario alterations are possible and can be used to assess different strategies, different technologies, and different assumptions about possible futures of nuclear power. Results can be compared to the framework base cases to assess where these alternate cases perform differently versus the sustainability indicators.

Brent Dixon

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

The Role of Biomass Based Cogeneration: Case of an Italian Province  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Role of Biomass Based Cogeneration: Case of an Italian Province Speaker(s): Giuseppe Muliere Date: June 23, 2009 - 12:30pm Location: 90-3122 The aim of this work is to analyze...

103

FUTURA: Hybrid System for Electric Load Forecasting by Using Case-Based Reasoning and Expert System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of combining a numeric extrapolation of data with the methodology of case-based reasoning and expert systems in order to improve the electric load forecasting are presented in this contribution. Registers of power consumption are stored as ...

Raúl Vilcahuamán; Joaquim Meléndez; Josep Lluis de la Rosa

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

ORISE: History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History History The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) is a national leader in science education and research, with programs dating back to 1946 and having served as an official U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) institute since 1992. The institute that eventually became what is known today as ORISE was the brainchild of University of Tennessee (UT) physics professor Dr. William G. Pollard. Aware of the valuable assets on hand in Oak Ridge, Tenn., as part of the Manhattan Project, Pollard talked about the possibility of aligning regional universities with the scientific resources and state-of-the-art equipment in Oak Ridge. On Oct. 17, 1946, Pollard's vision became a reality when the Oak Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies (ORINS) received a charter of incorporation

105

Revision History  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Revision History Revision History Rev. 0, August 2012 Original submittal for milestone M3FT-12SN0804032 (Sandia programmatic and classification review) Rev. 1, September 2012 Corrected transposition errors in costing tables; recalculated stainless steel overpacks to be carbon steel; corrected various editorial problems. (SAND2012-7979P) Rev. 2, November 2012 Performed peer review and retitled. Submittal for milestone M2FT-13SN0804031 (formerly milestone M2FT- 12SN0804031) (SAND2012-9737P) Unclassified Unlimited Release Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.

106

A Cognitive Bias Approach to Feature Selection and Weighting for Case-Based Learners  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research in psychology, psycholinguistics, and cognitive science has discovered and examined numerous psychological constraints on human information processing. Short term memory limitations, a focus of attention bias, and a preference for the use of ... Keywords: case-based learning, feature set selection, feature weighting, instance-based learning, natural language learning

Claire Cardie

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Towards case-based parsing: are chunks reliable indicators for syntax trees?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an approach to the question whether it is possible to construct a parser based on ideas from case-based reasoning. Such a parser would employ a partial analysis of the input sentence to select a (nearly) complete syntax tree and then ...

Sandra Kübler

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Free-Ridership in the Standards-Setting Process: The Case of 10BaseT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free-Ridership in the Standards-Setting Process: The Case of 10BaseT Martin B.H. Weiss Ronald T to their non-exclusionary nature, are subject to free riders. In this paper, we consider free ridership that free-ridership existed in the development of the 10BaseT standard and in the subsequent product market

109

Developing an energy-saving and case-based reasoning information agent with Web service and ontology techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Web service and ontology techniques are presented herein for supporting an energy-saving and case-based reasoning information agent. The proposed system is the first energy-saving and case-based reasoning information agent with Web service and ontology ... Keywords: Case-based reasoning agents, Energy-saving information systems, Ontology, Web services

Sheng-Yuan Yang

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

2.0 Closed-Domain Hydrate Dissociation (Base Case w/ Hydrate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Closed-Domain Hydrate Dissociation (Base Case w/ Hydrate) Closed-Domain Hydrate Dissociation (Base Case w/ Hydrate) 2.1 Problem Description One half of a 20-m, one-dimensional horizontal domain, discretized using uniformly spaced 1-m grid cells (optionally 0.1-m grid cells) is initialized with aqueous-hydrate conditions; whereas, the other half of the domain is initialized with gas-aqueous conditions. As with the Base Case problem, a closed horizontal domain is used to eliminate gravitational body forces and boundary condition effects. The initial conditions are specified to yield complete dissociation of the hydrate, via the thermal capacitance of the domain-half initialized with gas-aqueous conditions. To initialize the aqueous-hydrate half of the domain, temperature, pressure, and hydrate saturation are

111

Complexity in Big History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spier, Fred. “How Big History Works: Energy Flows and RiseSmil, Vaclav. Energy in World History. Boulder, CO: Westviewkg) Energy and complexity Spier: Complexity in Big History.

Spier, Fred

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Case-based techniques used for dialogue understanding and planning in a human-robot dialogue system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe an approach to the use of case-based techniques for natural language understanding and for action planning in a system for dialogue between a human and a robot, which in our case is a UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle). A single case base and ...

Karolina Eliasson

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Cygnus History  

SciTech Connect

The Cygnus Dual Beam Radiographic Facility consists of two identical radiographic sources: Cygnus 1 and Cygnus 2. This Radiographic Facility is located in an underground tunnel test area at the Nevada Test Site. The sources were developed to produce high-resolution images for dynamic plutonium experiments. This work will recount and discuss salient maintenance and operational issues encountered during the history of Cygnus. A brief description of Cygnus systems and rational for design selections will set the stage for this historical narrative. It is intended to highlight the team-derived solutions for technical problems encountered during extended periods of maintenance and operation. While many of the issues are typical to pulsed power systems, some of the solutions are unique. It is hoped that other source teams will benefit from this presentation, as well as other necessary disciplines (e.g., source users, system architects, facility designers and managers, funding managers, and team leaders).

David J. Henderson, Raymond E. Gignac, Douglas E. Good, Mark D. Hansen, Charles V. Mitton; Daniel S. Nelson, Eugene C. Ormond; Steve R. Cordova, Isidro Molina; John R. Smith, Evan A. Rose

2009-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

114

ONCO-i2b2: improve patients selection through case-based information retrieval techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The University of Pavia (Italy) and the IRCCS Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri hospital in Pavia have recently started an information technology initiative to support clinical research in oncology called ONCO-i2b2. This project aims at supporting translational ... Keywords: case-based reasoning, i2b2, oncology

Daniele Segagni; Matteo Gabetta; Valentina Tibollo; Alberto Zambelli; Silvia G. Priori; Riccardo Bellazzi

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

The Iron Age & Coal-based Coke: A Neglected Case of Fossil-fuel Dependence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Iron Age & Coal-based Coke: A Neglected Case of Fossil-fuel Dependence by Vaclav Smil September share of their primary energies from renewable sources. Steel & Coal-Derived Coke Here is another important: steel's fundamental dependence on coal-derived coke with no practical substitutes on any rational

Smil, Vaclav

116

Community-Based Incentives for Environmental Protection: The Case of Green Electricity*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Connecticut Clean Energy Communities (CCEC) program that provides mostly symbolic rewards in the formCommunity-Based Incentives for Environmental Protection: The Case of Green Electricity* Grant the period of initial qualification. We also find that a change in the marginal incentive created

Kotchen, Matthew J.

117

Knowledge representation and case-based reasoning in a knowledge management system for ambient intelligence products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper presents the theoretical background and realization of a KM system for the technically advanced customer and product support in the Ambient Intelligence (AmI) domain. Current products include more and more elements of AmI. AmI area is still ... Keywords: ambient intelligence, case-based reasoning, customer support system, diagnostics system, knowledge management system, knowledge representation

Ljubisa Urosevic; Sandor Kopacsi; Dragan Stokic; Ana Rita Campos; Geza Bognar

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Building a case-based diet recommendation system without a knowledge engineer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new approach to the effective development of menu construction systems that allow to automatically construct a menu that is strongly tailored to the individual requirements and food preferences of a client. In hospitals and other health ... Keywords: Case-based reasoning, Dietary menu construction, Knowledge acquisition, Ripple-down rules

Abdus Salam Khan; Achim Hoffmann

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Revolutionizing history education : using augmented reality games to teach histories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In an ever-changing present of multiple truths and reconfigured histories, people need to be critical thinkers. Research has suggested the potential for using augmented reality (AR) games- location-based games that use ...

Schrier, Karen L

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

HBDR: a case-based tool for organizing architectural information on historic building designs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Learning about previous design projects is a very important part of the study of architecture as well as the process of design. Historic preservation, a branch of architecture, is not an exception to this rule. In the field of historic preservation, information regarding previous design projects is available in the form of historic photographs, measured drawings, details, descriptive text and notes. This information is currently available from different sources. It must be organized to enable effective use for the student community. Case-based representation and learning systems can be used to arrange and define the case study information. In this research, I have collected and categorized information about previous historic building designs. As a part of the research, I have developed software through which the information can be made available to students at one platform. The software also captures student's comments about each case, which may be beneficial to the student's learning experience. The software has been tested by graduate students in a historic presentation course. The tests show that the software aids students in obtaining answers more quickly and with greater accuracy than paper-based descriptions of cases.

Mulye, Leena

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Archives and History Office: Oral History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oral History Oral History Oral History Oral History interviews with SLAC staff and users have been conducted at SLAC and at other institutions by SLAC Archives and History Office staff and by others interested in the history of physics and computing. Information collected in these interviews supplements original correspondence and other primary source materials collected by the Archives and History Office. SLAC Interviews Interviews have been conducted by SLAC staff on an irregular basis, as resources have permitted. The Archives and History Office staff are currently working on a project to identify all past interview subjects, locate interview tapes and permission forms, and create interview transcripts. Our holdings contain tapes or transcripts of interviews with the following staff members and users:

122

NSLS Machine Status & History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data (Table) Xray and VUV BeamLine: Current Data (Text) Beamline Experimental Floor Layout History One-Week Beam Current History Text Files of Beam Current History Device Readings...

123

Samuel Johnson, Marni Mishna Introduction Motivation History ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We would like to explain the link in detail. History. ?Full plane: Trivial, factor is always ?S = |S|. ?Half plane: Drift dependent, fully explicit results based on singu- .

124

History | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

History History Aviation Management Green Leases Executive Secretariat Energy Reduction at HQ Real Estate Approvals Documents and Publications Facilities and Infrastructure Federal...

125

Building 9213s earliest history ? Bill Sergeant  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from Bill Sergeant. Bill's memory is amazing. When I write about the times when Bill was "living the experiences," he often adds valuable content to the history. Such is the case...

126

Fermilab | Women's History Month - The History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dr. Sandra Hanson, Professor of Sociology, Catholic University of America, titled Gender, Race and Science Education. Click here to RSVP The celebration of Women's History in...

127

Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cosmic expansion history tests the dynamics of the global evolution of the universe and its energy density contents, while the cosmic growth history tests the evolution of the inhomogeneous part of the energy density. Precision comparison of the two histories can distinguish the nature of the physics responsible for the accelerating cosmic expansion: an additional smooth component - dark energy - or a modification of the gravitational field equations. With the aid of a new fitting formula for linear perturbation growth accurate to 0.05-0.2%, we separate out the growth dependence on the expansion history and introduce a new growth index parameter \\gamma that quantifies the gravitational modification.

Eric V. Linder

2005-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

128

The impact of ground-based glaciogenic seeding on orographic clouds and precipitation: a multi-sensor case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A case study is presented from the 2012 AgI Seeding Cloud Impact Investigation, an experiment conducted over the Sierra Madre in southern Wyoming to study the impact of ground-based glaciogenic seeding on precipitation. In this case, on 21 ...

Binod Pokharel; Bart Geerts; Xiaoqin Jing

129

Ensemble-Based Exigent Analysis. Part I: Estimating Worst-Case Weather-Related Forecast Damage Scenarios  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Exigent analysis supplements an ensemble forecast of weather-related damage with a map of the worst-case scenario (WCS), a multivariate confidence bound of the damage. For multivariate Gaussian ensembles, ensemble-based exigent analysis uses a ...

Daniel Gombos; Ross N. Hoffman

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Iran in History Iran in History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Iran in History Iran in History by Bernard Lewis In attempting to attain some perspective on Iran. These events have been variously seen in Iran: by some as a blessing, the advent of the true faith, the end remarkable difference between what happened in Iran and what happened in all the other countries

Mohaghegh, Shahab

131

A STREAMLINE APPROACH FOR HISTORY-MATCHING PRODUCTION DATA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A STREAMLINE APPROACH FOR HISTORY-MATCHING PRODUCTION DATA SUPRI TR - 125 By Yuandong Wang-FC26-00BC15311 Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy Thomas Reid of permeability fields 34 12. Case 4, fractional flow curves 35 13. Case 4, pressure history 36 14. Case 4, error

132

Practical Method of Thermal History by Gamma Prime ... - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PRACTICAL METHOD OF THERMAL HISTORY ANALYSIS BY Y' MORPHOLOGY. CHANGES IN NICKEL-BASE SUPERALLOY. J. OHE and S. WAKITA.

133

Agent-based simulation of pedestrian behaviour in closed spaces: a museum case study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to analyse the behaviour of pedestrians at the very fine scale, while moving along the streets, in open spaces or inside a building, simulation modelling becomes an essential tool. In these spatial environments, in the presence of unusual demand flows, simulation requires the ability to model the local dynamics of individual decision making and behaviour, which is strongly affected by the geometry, randomness, social preferences, local and collective behaviour of other individuals. The dynamics of people visiting and evacuating a museum offers an excellent case study along this line. In this paper we realize an agent-based simulation of the Castello Ursino museum in Catania (Italy), evaluating its carrying capacity in terms of both satisfaction of the visitors in regime of normal fruition and their safety under alarm conditions.

Pluchino, Alessandro; Inturri, Giuseppe; Rapisarda, Andrea; Ignaccolo, Matteo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

ANUDlSiTM-40 Load Flow Analysis: Base Cases, Data, Diagrams, and Results  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

ANUDlSiTM-40 ANUDlSiTM-40 Load Flow Analysis: Base Cases, Data, Diagrams, and Results by E.C. Portante, J.A. Kavicky, J.C. VanKuiken, and J.P. Peerenboom Decision and Information Sciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439 October 1997 Work sponsored by Navy Engineering Logistics Office This report is printed on recycled paper. @ DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness. or use- fulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents

135

HISTORY OF CONSCIOUSNESS HANDBOOK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HISTORY OF CONSCIOUSNESS HANDBOOK 2012-2013 #12; 1 HANDBOOK Welcome to graduate study in the History of Consciousness our program's requirements. This handbook is intended as a supplement

California at Santa Cruz, University of

136

National Women's History Month  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

During Women's History Month, we recall that the pioneering legacy of our grandmothers and great-grandmothers is revealed not only in our museums and history books, but also in the fierce...

137

Family History and Offspring  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Family History and Offspring Name: Chad Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Does a family's history in any way determine the chances of a child being born male or...

138

DOE Solar Decathlon: History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History The history of the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon dates to the inaugural event in 2002. Since then, the Solar Decathlon has been held biennially in 2005, 2007,...

139

Muon Collider History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Colliders: A Brief History Below is a brief potted history of the muon collider concept. Click here for a one transparency summary. The muon collider concept is an idea dating back...

140

Fermilab | Women's History Month  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Women's History Month at Fermilab Fermilab recognized Women's History Month through a series of lab-wide events during March 2010. During the past five decades, women from all...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

History of AOCS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dedicated volunteers have helped guide AOCS from a small regional organization into an international society with influence throughout the world. History of AOCS AOCS History and Governance about us aocs committees contact us division council fats

142

An Inquiry into History, Big History, and Metahistory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Theoretical and Mathematical History Editors’ Column:An Inquiry into History,Big History, and Metahistory David C. Krakauer Santa Fe

Krakauer, David; Gaddis, John L; Pomeranz, Kenneth L

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

The implementation dynamics of continuous improvement throughout the corporate hierarchy based on lean six sigma at DTE energy by Timothy David Quinn.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation comprises a case study and formal simulation model of DTE Energy's Lean Six Sigma continuous-improvement (CI) program from its inception in 1998 through the end of 2009. The case history is based on ...

Quinn, Timothy David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Fossil Generating Station Case Histories 2010  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During 2010, EPRI Operations and Management Program managers and contractors collected information on events that have occurred in fossil generating stations. These events represent only a small sample of those being experienced by the power generation industry, but they provide a basis for understanding where actions to improve operations are necessary. Sufficient details have been included for analyzing the events without divulging sources. Recognizing that these reports represent actual events and not...

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

145

Fossil Generating Station Case Histories 2009  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this report, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has compiled the events and activities that occurred at member fossil generating stations in 2009. The purpose of this report is to share this operating experience with other member utilities so that lessons can be learned and applied to improve overall performance across the generation fleet. The report also includes a summary of findings from plant operations and maintenance assessments that were conducted in 2008–2009. The focus of these ass...

2009-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

146

Some Enlightening Case Histories on Lightning Damage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of this situation and took what they believed an appropriate action: the incoming cable was first routed under the house, in the crawl space, to allow ...

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

147

An approach to model validation and model-based prediction -- polyurethane foam case study.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Enhanced software methodology and improved computing hardware have advanced the state of simulation technology to a point where large physics-based codes can be a major contributor in many systems analyses. This shift toward the use of computational methods has brought with it new research challenges in a number of areas including characterization of uncertainty, model validation, and the analysis of computer output. It is these challenges that have motivated the work described in this report. Approaches to and methods for model validation and (model-based) prediction have been developed recently in the engineering, mathematics and statistical literatures. In this report we have provided a fairly detailed account of one approach to model validation and prediction applied to an analysis investigating thermal decomposition of polyurethane foam. A model simulates the evolution of the foam in a high temperature environment as it transforms from a solid to a gas phase. The available modeling and experimental results serve as data for a case study focusing our model validation and prediction developmental efforts on this specific thermal application. We discuss several elements of the ''philosophy'' behind the validation and prediction approach: (1) We view the validation process as an activity applying to the use of a specific computational model for a specific application. We do acknowledge, however, that an important part of the overall development of a computational simulation initiative is the feedback provided to model developers and analysts associated with the application. (2) We utilize information obtained for the calibration of model parameters to estimate the parameters and quantify uncertainty in the estimates. We rely, however, on validation data (or data from similar analyses) to measure the variability that contributes to the uncertainty in predictions for specific systems or units (unit-to-unit variability). (3) We perform statistical analyses and hypothesis tests as a part of the validation step to provide feedback to analysts and modelers. Decisions on how to proceed in making model-based predictions are made based on these analyses together with the application requirements. Updating modifying and understanding the boundaries associated with the model are also assisted through this feedback. (4) We include a ''model supplement term'' when model problems are indicated. This term provides a (bias) correction to the model so that it will better match the experimental results and more accurately account for uncertainty. Presumably, as the models continue to develop and are used for future applications, the causes for these apparent biases will be identified and the need for this supplementary modeling will diminish. (5) We use a response-modeling approach for our predictions that allows for general types of prediction and for assessment of prediction uncertainty. This approach is demonstrated through a case study supporting the assessment of a weapons response when subjected to a hydrocarbon fuel fire. The foam decomposition model provides an important element of the response of a weapon system in this abnormal thermal environment. Rigid foam is used to encapsulate critical components in the weapon system providing the needed mechanical support as well as thermal isolation. Because the foam begins to decompose at temperatures above 250 C, modeling the decomposition is critical to assessing a weapons response. In the validation analysis it is indicated that the model tends to ''exaggerate'' the effect of temperature changes when compared to the experimental results. The data, however, are too few and to restricted in terms of experimental design to make confident statements regarding modeling problems. For illustration, we assume these indications are correct and compensate for this apparent bias by constructing a model supplement term for use in the model-based predictions. Several hypothetical prediction problems are created and addressed. Hypothetical problems are used because no guidance was provided concern

Dowding, Kevin J.; Rutherford, Brian Milne

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

APS USER TRAINING HISTORY Background  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

USER TRAINING HISTORY USER TRAINING HISTORY Background The User Program Division Director has delegated to the CATs the authority to authorize the conduct of experiments because the CATs have accepted responsibility for: * identifying and evaluating the hazards posed by the experiment, * specifying controls appropriate to the hazards, and * verifying that controls are in place. One form of hazard control frequently made mandatory by law and laboratory policy is worker knowledge. The accepted means of verifying that a worker has the required knowledge is ensuring that the worker has completed appropriate training. With CAT input, the APS has developed the APS User Training History. This web-based tool enables designated CAT personnel to examine data characterizing ES&H training courses

149

Habitat-Lite: A GSC case study based on free text terms for environmental metadata  

SciTech Connect

There is an urgent need to capture metadata on the rapidly growing number of genomic, metagenomic and related sequences, such as 16S ribosomal genes. This need is a major focus within the Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC), and Habitat is a key metadata descriptor in the proposed 'Minimum Information about a Genome Sequence' (MIGS) specification. The goal of the work described here is to provide a light-weight, easy-to-use (small) set of terms ('Habitat-Lite') that captures high-level information about habitat while preserving a mapping to the recently launched Environment Ontology (EnvO). Our motivation for building Habitat-Lite is to meet the needs of multiple users, such as annotators curating these data, database providers hosting the data, and biologists and bioinformaticians alike who need to search and employ such data in comparative analyses. Here, we report a case study based on semi-automated identification of terms from GenBank and GOLD. We estimate that the terms in the initial version of Habitat-Lite would provide useful labels for over 60% of the kinds of information found in the GenBank isolation-source field, and around 85% of the terms in the GOLD habitat field. We present a revised version of Habitat-Lite and invite the community's feedback on its further development in order to provide a minimum list of terms to capture high-level habitat information and to provide classification bins needed for future studies.

Kyrpides, Nikos; Hirschman, Lynette; Clark, Cheryl; Cohen, K. Bretonnel; Mardis, Scott; Luciano, Joanne; Kottmann, Renzo; Cole, James; Markowitz, Victor; Kyrpides, Nikos; Field, Dawn

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

History | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About Energy.gov » History About Energy.gov » History History History The Department of Energy has one of the richest and most diverse histories in the Federal Government. Although only in existence since 1977, the Department traces its lineage to the Manhattan Project effort to develop the atomic bomb during World War II and to the various energy-related programs that previously had been dispersed throughout various Federal agencies. The Department has made available to researchers and the general public a rich variety of materials and information: Historical Resources, including published and online histories of the Department and its predecessor agencies and information on records, exhibits, museums, and tours available online and at various locations both within and outside the Department. Major publications and websites can be

151

NETL: Albany, Oregon History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home > About NETL > History > Albany Research Center History Home > About NETL > History > Albany Research Center History About NETL Albany, Oregon History Albany Research Center has a history rich in successful materials research and development. It was on March 17, 1943 that President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that the U. S. Bureau of Mines had selected a site in Albany, Oregon for the new Northwest Electro-development Laboratory. The original mission of the center was to find methods for using the abundant low-grade resources of the area, and to develop new metallurgical processes using the abundant electrical energy in the area. The name of the center was changed in 1945 to the Albany Metallurgy Research Center and was used through 1977 where the name was shortened to Albany Research Center. One of our first successes was the development

152

History | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

About Energy.gov » History About Energy.gov » History History History The Department of Energy has one of the richest and most diverse histories in the Federal Government. Although only in existence since 1977, the Department traces its lineage to the Manhattan Project effort to develop the atomic bomb during World War II and to the various energy-related programs that previously had been dispersed throughout various Federal agencies. The Department has made available to researchers and the general public a rich variety of materials and information: Historical Resources, including published and online histories of the Department and its predecessor agencies and information on records, exhibits, museums, and tours available online and at various locations both within and outside the Department. Major publications and websites can be

153

History | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News Careers Work with ORNL About ORNL Fact Sheet Brochure Diversity Leadership Team Organization History Environmental Policy Corporate Giving Research Integrity Who we are,...

154

Gulf Coast geopressured-geothermal program summary report compilation. Volume 2-A: Resource description, program history, wells tested, university and company based research, site restoration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy established a geopressured-geothermal energy program in the mid 1970`s as one response to America`s need to develop alternate energy resources in view of the increasing dependence on imported fossil fuel energy. This program continued for 17 years and approximately two hundred million dollars were expended for various types of research and well testing to thoroughly investigate this alternative energy source. This volume describes the following studies: Geopressured-geothermal resource description; Resource origin and sediment type; Gulf Coast resource extent; Resource estimates; Project history; Authorizing legislation; Program objectives; Perceived constraints; Program activities and structure; Well testing; Program management; Program cost summary; Funding history; Resource characterization; Wells of opportunity; Edna Delcambre No. 1 well; Edna Delcambre well recompletion; Fairfax Foster Sutter No. 2 well; Beulah Simon No. 2 well; P.E. Girouard No. 1 well; Prairie Canal No. 1 well; Crown Zellerbach No. 2 well; Alice C. Plantation No. 2 well; Tenneco Fee N No. 1 well; Pauline Kraft No. 1 well; Saldana well No. 2; G.M. Koelemay well No. 1; Willis Hulin No. 1 well; Investigations of other wells of opportunity; Clovis A. Kennedy No. 1 well; Watkins-Miller No. 1 well; Lucien J. Richard et al No. 1 well; and the C and K-Frank A. Godchaux, III, well No. 1.

John, C.J.; Maciasz, G.; Harder, B.J.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

A hybrid approach using data envelopment analysis and case-based reasoning for housing refurbishment contractors selection and performance improvement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The refurbishment market has grown greatly in the last decade. Relevant projects are becoming increasingly more demanding in the construction industry due to the emphasis on sustainability. Most refurbishment works, however, involve a higher level of ... Keywords: Case-based reasoning (CBR), Contractors selection, Data envelopment analysis (DEA), Housing refurbishment, Performance improvement

Yi-Kai Juan

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Integrating gray system theory and logistic regression into case-based reasoning for safety assessment of thermal power plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Safety assessment of thermal power plants (TPPs) is one of the important means to guarantee the safety of production in thermal power production enterprises. Due to various technical limitations, existing assessment approaches, such as analytic hierarchy ... Keywords: Case-based reasoning, Gray system theory, Intelligent decision support system, Logistic regression, Management safety assessment, Thermal power plants

Changyong Liang; Dongxiao Gu; Isabelle Bichindaritz; Xingguo Li; Chunrong Zuo; Wenen Cheng

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

A History Keeping Debugging System for PLASMA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PLASMA (for PLAnner-like System Modeled on Actors) is a message-passing computer language based on actor semantics. Since every event in the system is the receipt of a message actor by a target actor, a complete history ...

Morrison, Jerry Howard

158

Microscale acceleration history discriminators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new class of micromechanical acceleration history discriminators is claimed. These discriminators allow the precise differentiation of a wide range of acceleration-time histories, thereby allowing adaptive events to be triggered in response to the severity (or lack thereof) of an external environment. Such devices have applications in airbag activation, and other safety and surety applications.

Polosky, Marc A. (Albuquerque, NM); Plummer, David W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Mosquito Life Histories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Life Histories Life Histories Nature Bulletin No. 682 June 2, 1962 Forest Preserve District of Cook County John J. Duffy, President David H. Thompson, Senior Naturalist MOSQUITO LIFE HISTORIES Everybody knows that a mosquito is a small, long-legged insect that bites. However, there are many kinds of them each with its own peculiarities of life history and habits. Some are produced in marshes or in flood plains of streams, some in puddles, some in woodlands, and others in cities and towns. Here in the Chicago region, although mosquito-borne diseases are no longer a danger, they become nuisances in many places at certain times in almost every year. In times past and in many countries the mosquitoes which carried malaria, yellow fever and other infections shaped the course of history. Hundreds of scientists have studied them for years but much remains to be learned.

160

Measurements of aerosol properties from aircraft, satellite and ground-based remote sensing: a case-study from the Dust and Biomass-burning Experiment (DABEX)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Measurements of aerosol properties from aircraft, satellite and ground-based remote sensing: A case study from the Dust and Biomass burning Experiment (DABEX)

Johnson, B. T.; Christopher, S.; Haywood, J.; Osborne, S. R.; McFarlane, Sally; Hsu, C.; Salustro, C.; Kahn, Ralph

2009-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A Malaysian Case Study on the Transmission Expansion/Investment Using Value-Based Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The introduction of Incentive Based Regulation as the tariff framework in Malaysia's Electricity Supply Industry calls for efficiency in the creation of a new asset while meeting the required reliability. In line with the new regulatory framework, Tenaga ... Keywords: asset management, incentive based regulation, life cycle cost, value-based approach, reliability

Joon Ibrahim, Nor Ziha Zainol Abidin

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

BNL | Our History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Our History Our History A Passion for Discovery, a History of Scientific Achievement Brookhaven National Laboratory was established in 1947 on the eastern end of Long Island at the former site of the U.S. Army's Camp Upton. Originally built out of a post-World War II desire to explore the peaceful applications of atomic energy, the Laboratory now has a broader mission: to perform basic and applied research at the frontiers of science, including nuclear and high-energy physics; physics and chemistry of materials; nanoscience; energy and environmental research; national security and nonproliferation; neurosciences; structural biology; and computational sciences. Over its history, Brookhaven Lab has housed three research reactors, numerous one-of-a-kind particle accelerators, and other

163

Black History Month  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

During National African American History Month, we pay tribute to the contributions of past generations and reaffirm our commitment to keeping the American dream alive for the next generation.  In...

164

Strategic Planning History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Strategy for Global Change Research Related Federal Climate Efforts Strategic Planning History Print E-mail Below is a timeline of past strategic plans that have guided The U.S....

165

Preprint History at SLAC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Biased History of Preprint and Database Activities at the SLAC Library, 1962-1994 by L. Addis (with a few updates in Jan 1997, Jun 1999, Apr 2000, Jan 2002) 1962 SLAC Library...

166

Business Practices for Environmental Excellence: Guidelines: Based on Case Studies of Other Industries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As competition unfolds, electric companies can leverage the experience of other industries that have developed successful environmental programs under similar market conditions. The case studies and guidelines in this report offer valuable pointers -- both specific business practices and general organizational approaches -- to utilities seeking to manage environmental performance as a corporate asset.

1998-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

167

Developing Guidance and Tool Support for Rationale-based Use Case Specification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technology System), a prototype augmented reality application for nuclear powerplant technicians. Three weeks (Fig. 4.). The students were provided with a nuclear powerplant maintenance scenario illustrating case step has a number, and actor and system steps have to alternate. This way, we hope to avoid

Bruegge, Bernd

168

Risk-Based Maintenance Application Case Study: Risk Evaluation and Prioritization at a Fossil Power Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes an application of the use of risk-based maintenance prioritization at a fossil power plant. In 2002, EPRI issued a report titled "Risk Based Maintenance Guideline" (product number 1004382) for fossil power plants. That guideline described several risk-based methods, which are being used in other industries primarily within the United States. Since then, a method called Risk Evaluation and Prioritization (REaP) has been evaluated for its use in decision making at fossil power plants ...

2003-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

169

Validation of PV performance models using satellite-based irradiance measurements : a case study.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Photovoltaic (PV) system performance models are relied upon to provide accurate predictions of energy production for proposed and existing PV systems under a wide variety of environmental conditions. Ground based meteorological measurements are only available from a relatively small number of locations. In contrast, satellite-based radiation and weather data (e.g., SUNY database) are becoming increasingly available for most locations in North America, Europe, and Asia on a 10 x 10 km grid or better. This paper presents a study of how PV performance model results are affected when satellite-based weather data is used in place of ground-based measurements.

Stein, Joshua S.; Parkins, Andrew (Clean Power Research); Perez, Richard (University at Albany)

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

ReEDS Model Documentation: Base Case Data and Model Description  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/ electricity generated Utility emissions rates based on eGRID 2007 V1.1 data from U.S. EPA New Jersey New

171

Habitat-Lite: A GSC case study based on free text terms for environmental metadata  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

been assigned specific terms related to extreme habitatsstudy based on free text terms for environmental metadatato- use (small) set of terms (“Habitat-Lite”) that captures

Hirschman, Lynette

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Oakes College: An Oral History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oakes College: An Oral History Blake: That’s unfortunate. I’Oakes College: An Oral History Charland: It took awhile toOakes College: An Oral History with: J. Herman Blake Roberto

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Information systems continuance intention of web-based applications customers: The case of online banking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The proliferation of the Internet has not only allowed businesses to offer their products and services through web-based applications, but it has also undermined their ability to retain their customers. It has reduced search costs, opened up barriers ... Keywords: Commitment, Commitment-Trust theory, End-user relationship, Relationship marketing, Retention, Trust, Web-based application

Banphot Vatanasombut; Magid Igbaria; Antonis C. Stylianou; Waymond Rodgers

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

History of the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource | Stanford...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History of the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource SPEAR Based on new applications of synchrotron radiation, SSRL began in 1973 as the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Project...

175

FAQ for Case Study Authors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About ESnet Overview ESnet Staff Governance Our Network Case Studies ESnet Strategic Plan ESnet Organizational Chart ESnet History Science Requirements Network Requirements...

176

Archives and History Office: Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

at SLAC and its components The Histories page provides publications that examine SLAC history or particular events, experiments, and equipment. The Nobel Prizes page provides...

177

Ny historia?; A new history?.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This essay aims to examine how three active history teachers in the upper secondary school interprets the new course plan for history in gy11.… (more)

Axelsson, Christofer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

ARM Orientation: Overview and History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and History Overview and History Mar 2007 ARM Orientation 2 ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement ARM Chief Scientist Team ARM Chief...

179

Rights-based evaluation of government responses to a given 'natural' disaster : Katrina as case study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Disaster impacts human mobility and a rights-based approach to disaster response is needed to protect the human rights of those who seek migration as an adaptation strategy. This paper deals with returning to a place after ...

Haeffner, Melissa (Melissa Ann)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

On the practice of artificial intelligence based predictive control scheme: a case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a novel artificial intelligence based predictive control scheme for the purpose of dealing with so many complicated systems. In the control scheme proposed here, the system has to be first represented through a multi-Takagi-Sugeno-Kang ... Keywords: Drum-type boiler-turbine system, GPC identifier, GPC scheme, Industrial tubular heat exchanger system, Linear model approximation, Multi-GPC scheme, Multi-TSK fuzzy-based model approach, NLGPC scheme, System operating points

A. H. Mazinan; M. Sheikhan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Artificial neural network modeling and cluster analysis for organic facies and burial history estimation using well log data: A case study of the South Pars Gas Field, Persian Gulf, Iran  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intelligent and statistical techniques were used to extract the hidden organic facies from well log responses in the Giant South Pars Gas Field, Persian Gulf, Iran. Kazhdomi Formation of Mid-Cretaceous and Kangan-Dalan Formations of Permo-Triassic Data ... Keywords: Artificial neural network, Burial history, Cluster analysis, Organic facies, Rock-Eval pyrolysis, Well log data

Bahram Alizadeh; Saeid Najjari; Ali Kadkhodaie-Ilkhchi

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Iron Based Flow Batteries for Low Cost Grid Level Energy Storage - Jesse Wainright, Case Western Reserve  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the Department of Energy/Office of Electricity's Energy Storage Program. authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the Department of Energy/Office of Electricity's Energy Storage Program. Iron Based Flow Batteries for Low Cost Grid Level Energy Storage J.S. Wainright, R. F. Savinell, P.I.s Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University Purpose Impact on Iron Based Batteries on the DOE OE Energy Storage Mission Recent Results Recent Results Develop efficient, cost-effective grid level storage capability based on iron. Goals of this Effort: * Minimize Cost/Watt by increasing current density - Hardware Cost >> Electrolyte Cost * Minimize Cost/Whr by increasing plating capacity * Maximize Efficiency by minimizing current lost to hydrogen evolution Electrochemistry of the all-Iron system:

183

History | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

History History History On January 7, 2011, the President signed H.R. 6523 (111th), the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/111/hr6523) which became Public Law 111-384. Section 3124 specifically states, "The Secretary of Energy may establish a program to permit the establishment of energy parks on former defense nuclear facilities" (50 U.S.C. 2814). In response, on February 17, 2011, the Department of Energy (DOE) established a Task Force on the ARI to address the legislation in detail. The purpose of the task force was to implement asset revitalization efforts in response to Congressional direction, and to develop recommendations for a continued formalized asset revitalization program. The task force achieved this through facilitating

184

PAFC History and Successes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PAFC History and Successes PAFC History and Successes John Ferro Manager Product Development john.ferro@utcpower.com 2 2 AGENDA Company overview and history System description and applications Failure modes and life analysis Summary 3 3 Research Center Hamilton Sundstrand Pratt & Whitney Sikorsky UTC Power Otis Carrier UTC Fire & Security UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION 18 th largest U.S. manufacturer (2009 list, Industry Week) 37 th largest U.S. corporation (2009 list, Fortune) 61 st largest publicly held manufacturer in the world (2009 list, Industry Week) Revenues: $58.7 billion (2008) Commercial & Residential Building Systems, Aerospace & Transportation, Industrial systems 4 UTC POWER Markets Transportation fuel cells Stationary fuel cells Global sales 5 continents 19 countries Space & defense

185

NTS_History.indd  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Atmospheric Nuclear Atmospheric Nuclear Weapons Testing 1951 - 1963 Battlefi eld of the Cold War The Nevada Test Site United States Department of Energy Volume I Of related interest: Origins of the Nevada Test Site by Terrence R. Fehner and F. G. Gosling The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb * by F. G. Gosling The United States Department of Energy: A Summary History, 1977 - 1994 * by Terrence R. Fehner and Jack M. Holl * Copies available from the U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave. S.W., Washington, DC 20585 Attention: Offi ce of History and Heritage Resources Telephone: 301-903-5431 DOE/MA-0003 Terrence R. Fehner & F. G. Gosling Offi ce of History and Heritage Resources Executive Secretariat Offi ce of Management Department of Energy September 2006 Battlefi eld of the Cold War

186

SRS - History Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 SEARCH GO Side Menu Spacer SRS Mission & Vision Where We Are SRS History Fact Sheets Tour SRS Contact SRS SRS Home SRS History Highlights The Savannah River Site was constructed during the early 1950s to produce the basic materials used in the fabrication of nuclear weapons, primarily tritium and plutonium-239, in support of our nation's defense programs. Five reactors were built to produce these materials. Also built were a number of support facilities including two chemical separations plants, a heavy water extraction plant, a nuclear fuel and target fabrication facility, a tritium extraction facility and waste management facilities. If you wish to view an in-depth history (1950-2000), please explore SRS at Fifty, our 50th anniversary book. Browse by Era: 1950s * 1960s * 1970s * 1980s * 1990s * 2000s * 2010s

187

History | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

History History History Although they are tiny, atoms have a large amount of energy holding their nuclei together. Certain isotopes of some elements can be split and will release part of their energy as heat. This splitting is called fission. The heat released in fission can be used to help generate electricity in powerplants. Uranium-235 (U-235) is one of the isotopes that fissions easily. During fission, U-235 atoms absorb loose neutrons. This causes U-235 to become unstable and split into two light atoms called fission products. The combined mass of the fission products is less than that of the original U-235. The reduction occurs because some of the matter changes into energy. The energy is released as heat. Two or three neutrons are released along with the heat. These neutrons may hit other

188

Oral Histories: Merril Eisenbud  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 HUMAN RADIATION STUDIES: REMEMBERING THE EARLY YEARS Oral History of Merril Eisenbud Conducted January 26, 1995 United States Department of Energy Office of Human Radiation Experiments May 1995 CONTENTS Foreword Short Biography Early Days as an Industrial Hygienist Hired as AEC's First Industrial Hygienist Insuring Atomic Workers Setting up the AEC's Health and Safety Laboratory Worker's Compensation History Contamination and Industrial Worker Education Federal Versus State Responsibility for Materials Production Safety Plant Safety and the Community Monitoring Radioactive Fallout Radiation and Cancer Rates Safety of the Nuclear Industry Use of Children in Research Developing Thyroid Radiation Counters Secrecy, Louis Strauss, and the Bravo Test Nuclear Test Fallout Studies

189

Management and organizational history: Prospects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We outline the prospects for Management & Organizational History in the form of a 10-point agenda identifying issues that we envisage being addressed in the journal. 1.The 'Historic Turn' in Organization Theory - calls for a more historical orientation ... Keywords: Management history, organizational history, organizational memory, philosophy of history

Charles Booth; Michael Rowlinson

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Judicial support systems: ideas for a privacy ontology-based case analyzer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nowadays, ontology is applied as an integral part of many applications in several domains, especially in the world of law. The ontology based judicial support system is believed as a useful tool to support, for example, the legal argumentation assistant ... Keywords: privacy directives, privacy ontology, privacy ontology structure, privacy principles, woolf reforms

Yan Tang; Robert Meersman

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Computers & Geosciences 29 (2003) 351359 A case against Kd-based transport models: natural attenuation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

)-based transport model. The study site is a contaminated groundwater aquifer underneath a uranium mill tailings prediction of the fate and transport of regulated metals and radionuclides in the subsurface of abandoned mining sites is critical to the assessment of environmental impact and to the development of effective

Polly, David

192

Agent-based collaborative product design engineering: an industrial case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Globalization and rapid evolving of Internet and Web-based technologies have revolutionized the product development process. Engineering a product is a complex process involving the integration of distributed resources, such as human beings, engineering ... Keywords: collaboration, internet-aided design, product design engineering, software agents, workflow

Qi Hao; Weiming Shen; Zhan Zhang; Seong-Whan Park; Jai-Kyung Lee

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Agent-based collaborative product design engineering: An industrial case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Globalization and rapid evolving of Internet and Web-based technologies have revolutionized the product development process. Engineering a product is a complex process involving the integration of distributed resources, such as human beings, engineering ... Keywords: Collaboration, Internet-aided design, Product design engineering, Software agents, Workflow

Qi Hao; Weiming Shen; Zhan Zhang; Seong-Whan Park; Jai-Kyung Lee

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Evaluation of a flowchart-based EHR query system: A case study of RetroGuide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Provision of query systems which are intuitive for non-experts has been recognized as an important informatics challenge. We developed a prototype of a flowchart-based analytical framework called RetroGuide that enables non-experts to formulate query ... Keywords: Biomedical informatics, Data warehouse, Evaluation, Informatics, Mixed-method, Query system, RetroGuide, SQL

Vojtech Huser; Scott P. Narus; Roberto A. Rocha

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Verification & validation by docking: a case study of agent-based models of Anopheles gambiae  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, using the technique of docking, we perform verification & validation (V&V) of agent-based simulation models that simulate the life cycle of Anopheles gambiae, the primary vector for malaria transmission. Working with one ... Keywords: Anopheles gambiae, docking, malaria epidemiology, verification & validation

S. M. Niaz Arifin; Gregory J. Davis; Ying Zhou

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Measuring architecture quality by structure plus history analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This case study combines known software structure and revision history analysis techniques, in known and new ways, to predict bug-related change frequency, and uncover architecture-related risks in an agile industrial software development project. We ...

Robert Schwanke, Lu Xiao, Yuanfang Cai

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

History of Residential Grounding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the development of residential electrical service grounding practices in the United States. The report focuses on the history of the National Electrical Code (NEC), which prescribes standards for wiring practices in residences, including grounding of the building electrical service.

2002-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

198

Appendix E: Other NEMS-MP results for the base case and scenarios.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The NEMS-MP model generates numerous results for each run of a scenario. (This model is the integrated National Energy Modeling System [NEMS] version used for the Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study [MP].) This appendix examines additional findings beyond the primary results reported in the Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study: Vehicle Characterization and Scenario Analyses (Reference 1). These additional results are provided in order to help further illuminate some of the primary results. Specifically discussed in this appendix are: (1) Energy use results for light vehicles (LVs), including details about the underlying total vehicle miles traveled (VMT), the average vehicle fuel economy, and the volumes of the different fuels used; (2) Resource fuels and their use in the production of ethanol, hydrogen (H{sub 2}), and electricity; (3) Ethanol use in the scenarios (i.e., the ethanol consumption in E85 vs. other blends, the percent of travel by flex fuel vehicles on E85, etc.); (4) Relative availability of E85 and H2 stations; (5) Fuel prices; (6) Vehicle prices; and (7) Consumer savings. These results are discussed as follows: (1) The three scenarios (Mixed, (P)HEV & Ethanol, and H2 Success) when assuming vehicle prices developed through literature review; (2) The three scenarios with vehicle prices that incorporate the achievement of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) program vehicle cost goals; (3) The three scenarios with 'literature review' vehicle prices, plus vehicle subsidies; and (4) The three scenarios with 'program goals' vehicle prices, plus vehicle subsidies. The four versions or cases of each scenario are referred to as: Literature Review No Subsidies, Program Goals No Subsidies, Literature Review with Subsidies, and Program Goals with Subsidies. Two additional points must be made here. First, none of the results presented for LVs in this section include Class 2B trucks. Results for this class are included occasionally in Reference 1. They represent a small, though noticeable, segment of the 'LV plus 2B' market (e.g., a little more than 3% of today's energy use in that market). We generally do not include them in this discussion, simply because it requires additional effort to combine the NEMS-MP results for them with the results for the other LVs. (Where there is an exception, we will indicate so.) Second, where reference is made to E85, the ethanol content is actually 74%. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) assumes that, to address cold-starting issues, the percent of ethanol in E85 will vary seasonally. The EIA uses an annual average ethanol content of 74% in its forecasts. That assumption is maintained in the NEMS-MP scenario runs.

Plotkin, S. E.; Singh, M. K.; Energy Systems

2009-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

199

Mound History and Information  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Mound Site History and Information Mound Site History and Information The Mound site, formerly known as the Mound Plant or Facility, takes its name from a nearby Na- tive American burial mound. The 306 acre facility is sited on a hill in the center of Miamisburg, Ohio. Construction of the Mound Plant began in 1946, and the site became operational in 1949. Mound, the nation's first post-war U.S. Atomic Energy Commission site to be constructed, was established to consolidate and continue the work conducted at the Dayton Units for the Manhattan Project. Much of the work at the Mound Plant during the Cold War involved production of the polonium- beryllium initiators used in early atomic weapons and the manufacture of and research related to ra- dionuclides. In the 1950s, the facility began to

200

About Fermilab - History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

What is Fermilab? What is Fermilab? what is Fermilab main page | mission | history | Enrico Fermi History - Wilson Hall Beauvais Cathedral A daring achievement of Gothic architecture, the Saint-Pierre Cathedral of Beauvais, France helped inspire the distinctive design of Wilson Hall. The Cathedral (A.D. 1225-1568) was never completed westward of the choir and transepts, and the site of the proposed nave is partly occupied by the Romanesque church known as the "Basse oeuvre" ("low work"). The roof fell (A.D. 1284); the choir was reconstructed and strengthened by additional piers (A.D. 1337-47), and in the 16th century the transepts were built. The height of the vault (157 ft., 6 ins.) is the loftiest in Europe, and measures about three and a half times its span. One of the most daring

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

BNL | Our History: Accelerators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

> See also: Reactors > See also: Reactors A History of Leadership in Particle Accelerator Design Cosmotron Cosmotron (1952-1966) Early in Brookhaven Lab history, the consortium of universities responsible for founding the new research center, decided that Brookhaven should provide leading facilities for high energy physics research. In April 1948, the Atomic Energy Commission approved a plan for a proton synchrotron to be built at Brookhaven. The new machine would accelerate protons to previously unheard of energies-comparable to the cosmic rays showering the earth's outer atmosphere. It would be called the Cosmotron. The Cosmotron was the first accelerator in the world to send particles to energies in the billion electron volt, or GeV, region. The machine reached its full design energy of 3.3 GeV in 1953.

202

RMOTC - About Us - History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History History Teapot Dome Scandal Teapot Dome was the popular name for the scandal during the administration of U.S. President Warren G. Harding. The scandal, which involved the secret leasing of naval oil reserve lands to private companies, was first revealed to the general public in 1924 after findings by a committee of the U.S. Senate. Teapot Rock, From which the famous Teapot Dome derives its name The creation of the Naval Petroleum Reserves originated with the growth of federal conservation policy under presidents Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson. The reserves were tracts of public land where oil should be kept in its natural reservoirs for the future use of the Navy. "Teapot Dome" originally acquired its name from a rock nearby

203

Reading Comprehension - Atomic History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atomic History Atomic History A Greek philosopher named Democritus said that all atoms are small, hard particles. He thought that atoms were made of a single material formed into different shapes and sizes. The word " _________ element compound mixture atom " is derived from the Greek word "atomos" which means "not able to be divided." In 1803, John Dalton, a school teacher, proposed his atomic theory. Dalton's theory states that elements (substances composed of only one type of _________ molecules ions atom ) combine in certain proportions to form _________ compounds atoms mixtures elements . In 1897, a British scientist named J. J. Thomson experimented with a cathode-ray tube which had a positively charged plate. The plate attracted negatively charged particles that we now call _________ protons neutrons

204

Ground-Based Remote Sensing of Cloud Particle Sizes during the 26 November 1991 FIRE II Cirrus Case: Comparisons with In Situ Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper presents the results of retrieving characteristic particle sizes for the November 26 1991 FIRE II case using two methods that utilize ground-based remotes sensors. The size information for the complete vertical depth of the cloud was ...

S. Y. Matrosov; A. J. Heymsfield; J. M. Intrieri; B. W. Orr; J. B. Snider

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

NERSC Systems History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History of Systems History of Systems History of Systems Established in 1974 at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, NERSC was moved to Berkeley Lab in 1996 with a goal of increased interactions with the UC Berkeley campus. NERSC Systems System Name Installed System Type CPU Computational Pool Interconnect Disk (TB) Avg. Power Linpack HPL/ Top Rank Peak GFlops/s Type Speed Nodes SMP Size Total Cores Aggregate Memory (GB) Avg. Memory/ CPU Edison 2013 Cray XC30 Xeon 12-Core 2.3 GHz 5,200 24 124,800 332,800 2.67GB Hopper 2010 Cray XE6 Opteron Hex-Core 2.1 GHz 6,384 24 153,216 216,832 1.3 GB Gemini 2,000 1,054,000 (5) 1,054,000 Carver 2010 IBM iDataPlex Intel Nehalem Quad-Core 2.6 GHz 400 8 3,200 9,600 3 GB 4X QDR InfiniBand NGF 36,856 (322) 42,656

206

Search histories for user support in user interfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The authors describe user interface tools based on search histories to support legal information seekers. The design of the tools was informed by the results of a user study (Komlodi, 2002a) that examined the use of human memory, external memory aids, and search histories in legal information seeking and derived interface design recommendations for information storage and retrieval systems. The data collected were analyzed to identify potential task areas where search histories can support information seeking and use. The results show that many information-seeking tasks can take advantage of automatically and manually recorded history information. These findings encouraged the design of user interface tools building on search history information: direct search history displays, history-enabled scratchpad facilities, and organized results collection tools.

Anita Komlodi; Dagobert Soergel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Preliminary analysis of the induced structural radioactivity inventory of the base-case aqueous accelerator transmutation of waste reactor concept  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Los Alamos National Laboratory Accelerator Transmutation of (Nuclear) Waste (ATW) project is the substantial reduction in volume of long-lived high-level radioactive waste of the US in a safe and energy-efficient manner. An evaluation of the ATW concept has four aspects: material balance, energy balance, performance, and cost. An evaluation of the material balance compares the amount of long-lived high-level waste transmuted with the amount and type, of waste created in the process. One component of the material balance is the activation of structural materials over the lifetime of the transmutation reactor. A preliminary radioactivity and radioactive mass balance analysis has been performed on four structure regions of the reaction chamber: the tungsten target, the lead annulus, six tubing materials carrying the actinide slurry, and five reaction vessel structural materials. The amount of radioactive material remaining after a 100-yr cooling period for the base-case ATW was found to be 338 kg of radionuclides. The bulk of this material (313 kg) was generated in the zirconium-niobium (Zr-Nb) actinide tubing material. Replacement of the Zr-Nb tubing material with one of the alternative tubing materials analyzed would significantly reduce the short- and long-term radioactive mass produced. The alternative vessel material Al-6061 alloys, Tenelon, HT-9, and 2 1/4 Cr-1 Mo and the alternative actinide tubing materials Al-6061 alloy, carbon-carbon matrix, silicon carbide, and Ti-6 Al-4 V qualify for shallow land burial. Alternative disposal options for the base-case structural material Type 304L stainless steel and the actinide tubing material Zr-Nb will need to be considered as neither qualifies for shallow land burial.

Bezdecny, J.A.; Vance, K.M.; Henderson, D.L. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Engineering Physics

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Photon: history, mass, charge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The talk consists of three parts. ``History'' briefly describes the emergence and evolution of the concept of photon during the first two decades of the 20th century. ``Mass'' gives a short review of the literature on the upper limit of the photon's mass. ``Charge'' is a critical discussion of the existing interpretation of searches for photon charge. Schemes, in which all photons are charged, are grossly inconsistent. A model with three kinds of photons (positive, negative and neutral) seems at first sight to be more consistent, but turns out to have its own serious problems.

L. B. Okun

2006-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

209

Homogeneity Analysis of Event History Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

phrases. Correspondence Analysis, Event History Data. JAN DEHOMOGENEITY ANALYSIS OF EVENT HISTORY DATA JAN DE LEEUW,Kreft, Homogeneity Analysis of Event History Data. Methods

Leeuw, Jan de; Heijden, Peter van der; Kreft, Ita

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Homogeneity Analysis of Event History Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

phrases. Correspondence Analysis, Event History Data. JAN DEHOMOGENEITY ANALYSIS OF EVENT HISTORY DATA JAN DE LEEUW,Kreft, Homogeneity Analysis of Event History Data. Methods

Jan de Leeuw; Peter van der Heijden; Ita Kreft

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Archives and History Office: Others' Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

University Historical Photographs Collection Stanford Historical Society (SHS) History of the Stanford Physics Department History of the Ginzton Lab History of science,...

212

History | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne's Nobelists Argonne's Nobelists Three Argonne physicists have been honored with Nobel Prizes: Enrico Fermi, Argonne's founding director, won the 1938 Nobel Prize in physics for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons. Maria Goeppert Mayer shared the 1963 Nobel Prize in physics. While working at Argonne in 1948, she developed the "nuclear shell model" to explain how neutrons and protons within atomic nuclei are structured. Alexei A. Abrikosov shared the 2003 Nobel Prize in physics for research on condensed-matter physics and superconductivity. Our history sparked the nation's future AVIDAC, Argonne's first digital computer, began operation in January 1953.

213

Designing a Griotte for the Global Village: Increasing the Evidentiary Value of Oral Histories for Use in Digital Libraries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A griotte in West African culture is a female professional storyteller, responsible for preserving a tribe's history and genealogy by relaying its folklore in oral and musical recitations. Similarly, Griotte is an interdisciplinary project that seeks to foster collaboration between tradition bearers, subject experts, and computer specialists in an effort to build high quality digital oral history collections. To accomplish this objective, this project preserves the primary strength of oral history, namely its ability to disclose "our" intangible culture, and addresses its primary criticism, namely its dubious reliability due to reliance on human memory and integrity. For a theoretical foundation and a systematic model, William Moss's work on the evidentiary value of historical sources is employed. Using his work as a conceptual framework, along with Semantic Web technologies (e.g. Topic Maps and ontologies), a demonstrator system is developed to provide digital oral history tools to a "sample" of the target audience(s). This demonstrator system is evaluated via two methods: 1) a case study conducted to employ the system in the actual building of a digital oral history collection (this step also created sample data for the following assessment), and 2) a survey which involved a task-based evaluation of the demonstrator system. The results of the survey indicate that integrating oral histories with documentary evidence increases the evidentiary value of oral histories. Furthermore, the results imply that individuals are more likely to use oral histories in their work if their evidentiary value is increased. The contributions of this research – primarily in the area of organizing metadata on the World Wide Web – and considerations for future research are also provided.

Dunn, Rhonda Thayer

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Magmatic History Of The East Rift Zone Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Magmatic History Of The East Rift Zone Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Based On Drill Core From Soh 1 Jump to: navigation,...

215

Archives and History Office: Credits  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information" portion of the site provided highlights and milestones of SLAC history, information about the Nobel Prizes won for research completed at SLAC, and responses...

216

Archives and History Office: Welcome  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

photon science, accelerator and particle physics research. SLAC's Archives and History Office is a coordinate archive to the Stanford University Archives. As such, it...

217

Archives and History Office: Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Resources Resources Information from the SLAC Archives and History Office can be found using the following tools. Historical Photographs provides an interface to our photograph...

218

Revised History of Fort Watauga.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The history of the Revolutionary War Fort Watauga located in present day Elizabethton, TN has yet to be completed. The critique of several Tennessee historians… (more)

Compton, Brian Patrick

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Archives and History Office: Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Archives Prototype (TPAP) Project (2006) Persistent Archives Testbed (PAT) Project (2003-2006) Archives and History Office | Library | InfoMedia Solutions Last Updated: 1017...

220

History | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Join Our Mailing List A Collaborative National Center for Fusion & Plasma Research Search form Search Search Home About Overview Learn More Visiting PPPL History...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Adapting a Beam-Based Rotordynamics Model to Accept a General Three-Dimensional Finite-Element Casing Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The subject of this thesis is an extension of a two-dimensional, axisymmetric, Timoshenko-beam finite-element rotordynamic code to include a three-dimensional non-axisymmetric solid-element casing model. Axisymmetric beams are sufficient to model rotors. Spring and damper forces provide the interface between the rotor and its casing and capture the dynamics of the full model. However, axisymmetric beams limit the modeling of real-case machine structures, where the casing is not axisymmetric. Axisymmetric and non-axisymmetric 3D finite element casing structures are modeled. These structures are then reduced using a technique called substructuring. Modal equations are developed for axisymmetric and non-axisymmetric casing models. In a 3D non-axisymmetric model, structural dynamics modes can be modeled by lateral modes in two orthogonal planes. Modal information of the complex 3D casing structures are generated, and then incorporated into the 2D code after a series of pre-processing steps. A reduction method called Component Mode Synthesis (CMS) is used to reduce the large dimensionality involved in calculation of rotordynamic coefficients. The results from the casing structures are merged with the rotor model to create a combined rotor-casing model. The analysis of the combined structure shows that there is a difference in the natural frequencies and unbalance response between the model that uses symmetrical casing and the one that uses non-axisymmetric casing. XLTRC2 is used as an example of a two-dimensional axisymmetric beam-element code. ANSYS is used as a code to build three-dimensional non-axisymmetric solid-element casing models. The work done in this thesis opens the scope to incorporate complex non-axisymmetric casing models with XLTRC2.

James, Stephen M.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Our History | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Our History Our History Our History Our History The history of Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) begins in August 2003, when the Department created two offices to provide focus in several critical areas: the Office of Electric Transmission and Distribution (TD), which included elements from the DOE Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy office and the DOE Policy and International Affairs office, to advance the technologies needed to ensure a reliable, robust and modern U.S. electricity grid; and the Office of Energy Assurance (EA), to coordinate Federal response activities within the energy sector during energy disruptions and developed strategies to harden infrastructure against such disruptions. On August 14, 2003, large portions of the Midwest and Northeast United

223

Ensemble-Based Exigent Analysis. Part II: Using Ensemble Regression to Estimate Conditions Antecedent to Worst-Case Forecast Damage Scenarios  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Part I of this series on ensemble-based exigent analysis, a Lagrange multiplier minimization technique is used to estimate the exigent damage state (ExDS), the “worst case” with respect to a user-specified damage function and confidence level. ...

Daniel Gombos; Ross N. Hoffman

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Outline The Ensemble Kalman Filter Parameter estimation Test example Conclusion History matching via  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Outline The Ensemble Kalman Filter Parameter estimation Test example Conclusion History matching estimation Test example Conclusion Test case setup · For the test case we use CERE's own in-house Black Oil estimation Test example Conclusion Test case setup · For the test case we use CERE's own in-house Black Oil

Mosegaard, Klaus

225

NEPA History | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

History History NEPA History Selected documents providing historical information on NEPA. June 14, 2012 Federal Register Notices for DOE NEPA Guidelines and Regulations Historical compilation of Federal Register notices for DOE NEPA guidelines and regulations. December 31, 2009 Presidential Proclamation on the 40th Anniversary of the National Environmental Policy Act Proclamation of President Obama to "call upon all executive branch agencies to promote public involvement and transparency in their implementation of the National Environmental Policy Act." July 1, 1999 EPA's Section 309 Review: The Clean Air Act and NEPA This document discusses Section 309 of the Clean Air Act, which authorizes the Environmental Protection Agency to review certain proposed actions of

226

BRS "Symmetry", prehistory and history  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prehistory - Starting from 't Hooft's (1971) we have a short look at Taylor's and Slavnov's works (1971-72) and at the lectures given by Rouet and Stora in Lausanne-1973 which determine the transition from pre-history to history. History - We give a brief account of the main analyses and results of the BRS collaboration concerning the renormalized gauge theories, in particular the method of the regularization independent, algebraic renormalization, the algebraic proof of S-matrix unitarity and that of gauge choice independence of the renormalized physics. We conclude this report with a suggestion to the crucial question: what could remain of BRS invariance beyond perturbation theory.

Carlo M. Becchi

2011-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

227

Quantum Histories and Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reviews the histories approach to quantum mechanics. This discussion is then applied to theories of quantum gravity. It is argued that some of the quantum histories must approximate (in a suitable sense) to classical histories, if the correct classical regime is to be recovered. This observation has significance for the formulation of new theories (such as quantum gravity theories) as it puts a constraint on the kinematics, if the quantum/classical correspondence principle is to be preserved. Consequences for quantum gravity, particularly for Lorentz symmetry and the idea of "emergent geometry", are discussed.

Joe Henson

2009-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

228

Making History : : The Role of History in Contemporary Native American Art  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Michael. Kumeyaay: A History Textbook. El Cajon, CA: Sycuanby Magdalena Zapedowska, History and Theory, no. 45 (2006):Indian and the Problem of History, edited by Calvin Martin,

Cluff, Leah Diane

229

A Hierarchical Multiscale Approach to History Matching and Optimization for Reservoir Management in Mature Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reservoir management typically focuses on maximizing oil and gas recovery from a reservoir based on facts and information while minimizing capital and operating investments. Modern reservoir management uses history-matched simulation model to predict the range of recovery or to provide the economic assessment of different field development strategies. Geological models are becoming increasingly complex and more detailed with several hundred thousand to million cells, which include large sets of subsurface uncertainties. Current issues associated with history matching, therefore, involve extensive computation (flow simulations) time, preserving geologic realism, and non-uniqueness problem. Many of recent rate optimization methods utilize constrained optimization techniques, often making them inaccessible for field reservoir management. Field-scale rate optimization problems involve highly complex reservoir models, production and facilities constraints and a large number of unknowns. We present a hierarchical multiscale calibration approach using global and local updates in coarse and fine grid. We incorporate a multiscale framework into hierarchical updates: global and local updates. In global update we calibrate large-scale parameters to match global field-level energy (pressure), which is followed by local update where we match well-by-well performances by calibration of local cell properties. The inclusion of multiscale calibration, integrating production data in coarse grid and successively finer grids sequentially, is critical for history matching high-resolution geologic models through significant reduction in simulation time. For rate optimization, we develop a hierarchical analytical method using streamline-assisted flood efficiency maps. The proposed approach avoids use of complex optimization tools; rather we emphasize the visual and the intuitive appeal of streamline method and utilize analytic solutions derived from relationship between streamline time of flight and flow rates. The proposed approach is analytic, easy to implement and well-suited for large-scale field applications. Finally, we present a hierarchical Pareto-based approach to history matching under conflicting information. In this work we focus on multiobjective optimization problem, particularly conflicting multiple objectives during history matching of reservoir performances. We incorporate Pareto-based multiobjective evolutionary algorithm and Grid Connectivity-based Transformation (GCT) to account for history matching with conflicting information. The power and effectiveness of our approaches have been demonstrated using both synthetic and real field cases.

Park, Han-Young

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Energy in history  

SciTech Connect

This book presents the papers given at a symposium on the development of energy technologies in Czechoslovakia during the Industrial Revolution. Topics considered at the symposium included steam drive in the epoch of the Industrial Revolution, the energy crisis in the milling industry of late feudalism, the energy base of the food industry during the industrial and scientific revolution, power engineering in agriculture, and new energy in the transportation sector during the automobile revolution.

Purs, J.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Taking stock of user interface history  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The user interface is coming of age and papers adressing UI history have appeared in fair amounts in the last 25 years. Most of them address particular aspects such as an innovative interface paradigm or the contribution of a visionary or a research ... Keywords: HCI history, history of computing, history of technology, user interface history

Anker Helms Jørgensen

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

The impact of environmental factors on human life-history evolution: an optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

life-history evolution, infection stresses, life expectancy, optimal energy allocation, size is vtEt, the amount of energy allocated to Evolutionary optimization model of human life history 1201, E.V. 2001. Evolution of life history: models based on optimization of energy allocation (in Russian

233

EM History | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EM History EM History EM History Before (left) and after (right) photos of the Hanford site's F Reactor during operations in 1956 and in 2012, when EM and its contractors completed cleanup there. It was the first reactor area at the 586-square-mile Hanford site to be fully remediated. Before (left) and after (right) photos of the Hanford site's F Reactor during operations in 1956 and in 2012, when EM and its contractors completed cleanup there. It was the first reactor area at the 586-square-mile Hanford site to be fully remediated. EM's HISTORY (1989 - present) Fifty years of nuclear weapons production and energy research generated millions of gallons of liquid radioactive waste, millions of cubic meters of solid radioactive wastes, thousands of tons of spent nuclear fuel and

234

Our History | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

History History Our History Elk Hills Naval Petroleum Reserve Circa 1920s Elk Hills Naval Petroleum Reserve Circa 1920s The Office of Fossil Energy has the longest directly-traceable history of any organization in the Department of Energy. While the nuclear energy program can look back to the Manhattan Project of World War II for its origins, the Federal Government's involvement in fossil fuel resources began several decades earlier, in the early 1900s. Oil Dominates Early Concerns The U.S.S. Colorado, Maryland, and West Virginia off the coast of California during the 1920's. The West Virginia was one of the first oil-burning ships. Much as today, petroleum was a major concern for the Federal Government at the start of the 20th century. Barely 50 years after the birth of the

235

HFIR History - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home › Facilities › HFIR › History Home › Facilities › HFIR › History History of HFIR HFIR was constructed in the mid-1960s to fulfill a need for the production of transuranic isotopes (i.e., "heavy" elements such as plutonium and curium). Since then its mission has grown to include materials irradiation, neutron activation, and, most recently, neutron scattering. In 2007, HFIR completed the most dramatic transformation in its 40-year history. During a shutdown of more than a year, the facility was refurbished and a number of new instruments were installed, as well as a cold neutron source. The reactor was restarted in mid-May; it attained its full power of 85 MW within a couple of days, and experiments resumed within a week. Improvements and upgrades to HFIR include an overhaul of the

236

Archives and History Office: Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Services Services See our What Can I Do to Help Preserve SLAC's History? brochure (print and fold into thirds) What should you keep? We provide guidance and assistance in managing...

237

Archives and History Office: Terminology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Please see the list of archival material that is of interest to the SLAC Archives and History Office. Non-records: Nonrecords are copies of documents maintained in more than one...

238

Quantum History cannot be Copied  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that unitarity does not allow cloning of any two points in a ray. This has implication for cloning of the geometric phase information in a quantum state. In particular, the quantum history which is encoded in the geometric phase during cyclic evolution of a quantum system cannot be copied. We also prove that the generalized geometric phase information cannot be copied by a unitary operation. We argue that our result also holds in the consistent history formulation of quantum mechanics.

Arun K. Pati

2005-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

239

Physically based modeling of rainfall-triggered landslides: a case study in the Luquillo forest, Puerto Rico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the development of a rainfall-triggered landslide module within an existing physically based spatially distributed ecohydrologic model. The model, tRIBS-VEGGIE (Triangulated Irregular Networks-based ...

Arnone, E.

240

Archives and History Office: About This Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

iconographic images are provided in Images Used in This Site. Credits provide a brief history of the Archives and History Office web site. -- Return to top -- Archives and History...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Art History and the Invention of Botticelli  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Charles. Materials for a History of Oil-Painting. 2 vols.in the Narrative of Art History. Ithaca: Cornell UniversityWarburg’s Tradition. ” Art History 16 (1993): 541-53. James,

Melius, Jeremy Norman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Art History and the Invention of Botticelli  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Charles. Materials for a History of Oil-Painting. 2 vols.s Materials for a History of Oil-Painting (London: Longman,oil of ten years later. Here the mixture of stylistic features seems to articulate the history

Melius, Jeremy Norman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Reconstructing the History of Energy Condition Violation from Observational Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the likelihood of energy condition violations in the history of the Universe. Our method is based on a set of functions that characterize energy condition violation. FLRW cosmological models are built around these "indication functions". By computing the Fisher matrix of model parameters using type Ia supernova and Hubble parameter data, we extract the principal modes of these functions' redshift evolution. These modes allow us to obtain uncorrelated reconstructions of energy condition violation history. We find that the data suggest a history of strong energy condition violation, but the null and dominant energy conditions are likely to be fulfilled.

Wu, Chao-Jian; Zhang, Tong-Jie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

History Overview of Solid-State Lighting - History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Condensed History of Lighting | Review Articles | FAQs | Condensed History of Lighting | Review Articles | FAQs | Documents Archive | CONDENSED HISTORY OF LIGHTING Figure courtesy of Jeff Tsao; a version of this figure was published in IEEE Circuits and Devices Vol 20, No 3, pp 28-37, May/June, 2004 Lighting technologies are substitutes for sunlight in the 425-675 nm spectral region where sunlight is most concentrated and to which the human eye has evolved to be most sensitive. The history of lighting can be viewed as the development of increasingly efficient technologies for creating visible light inside, but not wasted light outside, of that spectral region. A 200-year perspective on that history is shown in the figure above. The left axis indicates luminous efficacy, in units of lumens (a measure of light which factors in the human visual response to various wavelengths) per watt. The right axis indicates the corresponding power-conversion efficiency for a tri-LED tri-color white light source with moderate color rendering (CRI=80) and relatively warm color temperature (CCT=3900K). For such a source, 400lm/W would correspond to 100% power-conversion efficiency.

245

A History of Physics Research at Brookhaven  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A History of Physics Research at Brookhaven Brookhaven physics history banner Begin your tour of physics discoveries made at Brookhaven >> From its inception Brookhaven has had a...

246

Building Technologies Office: History and Impacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Impacts on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: History and Impacts on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: History and Impacts on Delicious Rank Building...

247

Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study: Vehicle Characterization and Scenario Analyses - Appendix E: Other NEMS-MP Results for the Base Case and Scenarios  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Appendix E: Other NEMS-MP Results Appendix E: Other NEMS-MP Results for the Base Case and Scenarios Energy Systems Division Availability of This Report This report is available, at no cost, at http://www.osti.gov/bridge. It is also available on paper to the U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors, for a processing fee, from: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information P.O. Box 62

248

History Matching in Parallel Computational Environments  

SciTech Connect

A novel methodology for delineating multiple reservoir domains for the purpose of history matching in a distributed computing environment has been proposed. A fully probabilistic approach to perturb permeability within the delineated zones is implemented. The combination of robust schemes for identifying reservoir zones and distributed computing significantly increase the accuracy and efficiency of the probabilistic approach. The information pertaining to the permeability variations in the reservoir that is contained in dynamic data is calibrated in terms of a deformation parameter rD. This information is merged with the prior geologic information in order to generate permeability models consistent with the observed dynamic data as well as the prior geology. The relationship between dynamic response data and reservoir attributes may vary in different regions of the reservoir due to spatial variations in reservoir attributes, well configuration, flow constrains etc. The probabilistic approach then has to account for multiple r{sub D} values in different regions of the reservoir. In order to delineate reservoir domains that can be characterized with different r{sub D} parameters, principal component analysis (PCA) of the Hessian matrix has been done. The Hessian matrix summarizes the sensitivity of the objective function at a given step of the history matching to model parameters. It also measures the interaction of the parameters in affecting the objective function. The basic premise of PC analysis is to isolate the most sensitive and least correlated regions. The eigenvectors obtained during the PCA are suitably scaled and appropriate grid block volume cut-offs are defined such that the resultant domains are neither too large (which increases interactions between domains) nor too small (implying ineffective history matching). The delineation of domains requires calculation of Hessian, which could be computationally costly and as well as restricts the current approach to some specific simulators. Therefore a robust technique to evaluate a covariance matrix, which is analogous to 'Hessian matrix', from a set of equi-probable realizations has also been developed. This technique is easy to implement and provides the domains, which could be intuitively justified. Since the domain delineation process yields zones that are least correlated with each other, each r{sub D} parameter can be optimized independently and simultaneously using individual nodes of a cluster of computers. Further least correlation criteria help in retaining the simplicity of 1-D optimization during the history matching. Upon convergence, the perturbed regions are put together and the history match is verified. The proposed approach results in a set of independent tasks of equal magnitude and thus is particularly suited for distributed computing. The methodology has been successfully tested on various synthetic cases.

Steven Bryant; Sanjay Srinivasan; Alvaro Barrera; Yonghwee Kim; Sharad Yadav

2006-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

249

Toward the regulation of ubiquitous mobile government: a case study on location-based emergency services in Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile alerts, notifications and location-based emergency warning systems are now an established part of mobile government strategies in an increasing number of countries worldwide. In Australia the national emergency warning system (NEWS) was instituted ... Keywords: Emergency management, Location-based services, Mobile government, Regulation

Anas Aloudat; Katina Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Classifying web genres in context: A case study documenting the web genres used by a software engineer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This case study analyzes the Internet-based resources that a software engineer uses in his daily work. Methodologically, we studied the web browser history of the participant, classifying all the web pages he had seen over a period of 12 days into web ... Keywords: Genre theory, Human information behavior, Information behavior of professionals, Internet usage, Software engineering, Web genres

Michela Montesi; Trilce Navarrete

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Market-Based Valuation of New Coal-Fired Generation: Case Studies of Investment Risk and Profitability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural gas turbine technology has dominated new generation capacity additions in the United States, yet several years of unexpectedly high natural gas prices are driving interest in alternatives. This report uses case studies of new coal-fired generation to address the question of whether coal can be a good choice for the private investor. The studies give great detail on possible coal plants in Texas and some guidance on possible projects in Virginia, Ohio, and Indiana. The studies provide a comprehens...

2003-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

252

Bartlesville History | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bartlesville History Bartlesville History Bartlesville History The Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, Bartlesville, Oklahoma, circa 1937. The Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, Bartlesville, Oklahoma, circa 1937. Origins of the U.S. Government's First Petroleum Research Laboratory By 1916 the Bureau of Mines, which had been established six years earlier in the U.S. Department of the Interior, recognized the transforming role that petroleum was playing in American society. Across the country, the Bureau had begun establishing experiment stations, each specializing in a different extraction industry - coal, metals, clay, and other minerals - and each located close to the major centers of each resource. Now, the Bureau announced its intent to establish a petroleum experiment station

253

FTCP History | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

History History FTCP History In 1993, the Board issued Recommendation 93-3, Improving DOE Technical Capability in Defense Nuclear Facilities. This recommendation resulted in DOE's establishing the Federal Technical Capability Panel (FTCP) and developing two noteworthy standards: DOE M 426.1-1, Federal Technical Capability Manual, and DOE G 426.1-1, Recruiting, Hiring, and Retaining High Quality Technical Staff: A Manager's Guide to Administrative Flexibilities. These standards provide techniques and processes for improving the recruitment, retention, training, and qualification of high-quality personnel. Board Recommendation 93-3 was issued on June 1, 1993, and accepted by the Department of Energy on July 23, 1993. The Recommendation discussed the need to improve the technical capability of federal employees associated

254

152- A Case History of the Recognition, Investigation, and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... in Gas Tightness of YSZ Coatings Produced by Atmospheric Plasma Spraying ... 145- The Synergy of XRD and XRF in a Shale and Slate Analysis.

255

Geophysical logging case history of the Raft River geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

variety of rock types, the presence of alteration products, and the variability of fracturing make reliable interpretations difficult. However, the cross plotting of various...

256

REAL TIME MONITORING OF INFRASTRUCTURE USING TDR TECHNOLOGY: CASE HISTORIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Remote system installed to monitor subsidence along a highway over an active coal mine. #12;Figure 5 abandoned coal mine. In spite of periodic visual monitoring, a 5 m diameter hole, 3 m deep suddenly opened experiencing active subsidence over an abandoned coal mine (O'Connor and Murphy, 1997). #12;At this site

257

Case histories of EA documents for nuclear waste  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear power programs and policies in the United States have been subject to environmental assessment under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) since 1971. NEPA documentation prepared for programmatic policy decision-making within the nuclear fuel cycle and concurrent federal policy are examined as they relate to radioactive waste management in this paper. Key programmatic environmental impact statements that address radioactive waste management include: the Atomic Energy Commission document on management of commercial high-level and transuranium-contaminated radioactive waste, which focussed on development of engineered retrievable surface storage facilities (RSSF); the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) document on use of recycled plutonium in mixed oxide fuel in light water cooled reactors, which focussed on plutonium recycle and RSSF; the NRC statement on handling of spent light water power reactor fuel, which focussed on spent fuel storage; and the Department of Energy (DOE) statement on management of commercially generated radioactive wastes, which focussed on development of deep geologic repositories. DOE is currently pursuing the deep geologic repository option, with monitored retrievable storage as a secondary option.

Vocke, R.W.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Weather Factors Affecting Rocket Operations: A Review and Case History  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many of the techniques employed for rocket meteorology—“rocket-casting”—have been adapted from aviation. However, the unique characteristics and requirements of rocketry demand special meteorological procedures and instrumentation, which are only ...

Jeff Kingwell; Junichiro Shimizu; Kaneaki Narita; Hirofumi Kawabata; Itsuro Shimizu

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Case History - Energy Reduction at the Abilene Texas Instruments Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1977, TI purchased a 158,000 SF, single story building which was designed and built prior to the 1973 energy crises and, hence, has no built in energy conservation. This paper addresses the principal retrofit measures taken at this calculator & home computer assembly plant. They are: 1. A roof spray system; 2. Reduction of illumination levels and the use of more efficient luminaries; 3. Chilled water temperatures in the 52 F to 55 F range with condenser water temperatures near the cooling tower designed approach; 4. Installation of a programmed controller with signals sent over existing power lines to control times on and off of exhaust fans, lighting, DX A/C units, etc.; 5. Substitution of energy efficient electrical motors for the original motors where cost justified; 6. Reduction of the volume of air circulated and minimization of fresh air intake; 7. 'Free' cooling from the latent heat of evaporation of spray nozzles used to keep a high plant humidity; and S. Heating incoming water for PCB washers with the 150 F washer effluent. The implementation of these energy conservation measures resulted in a continuing lower KW demand and KW-hr usage during a four-year period when manufacturing levels were steadily increasing.

Reed, J. C.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

United States -- Mexican joint ventures: A case history approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because the Mexican government has encouraged investment in Mexico by increasing the percentage of ownership of a Mexican business that a US company can hold, joint ventures are more attractive now than they had been in the past. This study provides preliminary information for US renewable energy companies who are interested in forming a joint venture with a Mexican company. This report is not intended to be a complete reference but does identifies a number of important factors that should be observed when forming a Mexican joint venture: (1)Successful joint ventures achieve the goals of each partner. (2)It is essential that all parties agree to the allocation of responsibilities. (3)Put everything in writing. (4)Research in depth the country or countries in which you are considering doing business.

Moore, N.L.; Chidester, R.J.; Hughes, K.R.; Fowler, R.A.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Case history of landslide movement during the Northridge earthquake  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GEOENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING © ASCE / NOVEMBER 2005 / 1369and W. D. Liam Finn, eds. , ASCE, New York, Bardet, J. P. ,GEOENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING © ASCE / NOVEMBER 2005 Seed, H.

Pradel, Daniel E; Smith, Patrick M; Stewart, Jonathan P; Raad, Glen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Thermal history of the string universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal history of the string universe based on the Brandenberger and Vafa's scenario is examined. The analysis thereby provides a theoretical foundation of the string universe scenario. Especially the picture of the initial oscillating phase is shown to be natural from the thermodynamical point of view. A new tool is employed to evaluate the multi state density of the string gas. This analysis points out that the well-known functional form of the multi state density is not applicable for the important region $T \\leq T_H$, and derives a correct form of it.

H. Cateau; K. Sumiyoshi

1992-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

263

URAT: astrometric requirements and design history  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The U.S. Naval Observatory Robotic Astrometric Telescope (URAT) project aims at a highly accurate (5 mas), ground-based, all-sky survey. Requirements are presented for the optics and telescope for this 0.85 m aperture, 4.5 degree diameter field-of-view, specialized instrument, which are close to the capability of the industry. The history of the design process is presented as well as astrometric performance evaluations of the toleranced, optical design, with expected wavefront errors included.

N. Zacharias; U. Laux; A. Rakich; H. Epps

2006-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

264

Mobility-supporting data management for location-based mobile systems: the special case of single category location repositories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Location-based mobile applications require timely generation of user-centric proximities from application-relevant repositories of business locations. The proximity generation requirement is poorly served by conventional query resolution methods which ...

James E. Wyse

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Bias Adjustment of Satellite Precipitation Estimation Using Ground-Based Measurement: A Case Study Evaluation over the Southwestern United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reliable precipitation measurement is a crucial component in hydrologic studies. Although satellite-based observation is able to provide spatial and temporal distribution of precipitation, the measurements tend to show systematic bias. This paper ...

Farid Ishak Boushaki; Kuo-Lin Hsu; Soroosh Sorooshian; Gi-Hyeon Park; Shayesteh Mahani; Wei Shi

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Radar-Based Quantitative Precipitation Estimation for the Cool Season in Complex Terrain: Case Studies from the NOAA Hydrometeorology Testbed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study explores error sources of the National Weather Service operational radar-based quantitative precipitation estimation (QPE) during the cool season over the complex terrain of the western United States. A new, operationally geared radar ...

Jian Zhang; Youcun Qi; David Kingsmill; Kenneth Howard

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Experiences from near-real-time satellite-based volcano monitoring in Central America: case studies at Fuego, Guatemala  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past decade, remote sensing has been used increasingly in the study of active volcanoes and their associated hazards. Ground-based remote sensing techniques, such as those aimed at the analysis of volcanic gases or fumarole temperatures, are ...

P. W. Webley; M. J. Wooster; W. Strauch; J. A. Saballos; K. Dill; P. Stephenson; J. Stephenson; R. Escobar Wolf; O. Matias

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Feedback loops in educational environments using web-based survey tools : new technology development and three implementation case studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents lessons from the development of an on-line, web-based feedback system and preliminary analysis of the socio-technical interactions associated with the specification, design and use of this system. The ...

Spead, Benjamin, 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Pennsylvania 1995 Vintage Gas Well History  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Pennsylvania 1995 Vintage Gas Well History. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

270

West Virginia 1995 Vintage Gas Well History  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

West Virginia 1995 Vintage Gas Well History. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

271

North Dakota 1995 Vintage Gas Well History  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

North Dakota 1995 Vintage Gas Well History. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

272

United States 1995 Vintage Oil Well History  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

United States 1995 Vintage Oil Well History. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

273

West Virginia 1995 Vintage Oil Well History  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

West Virginia 1995 Vintage Oil Well History. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

274

North Dakota 1995 Vintage Oil Well History  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

North Dakota 1995 Vintage Oil Well History. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

275

Domains of competence of fuzzy rule based classification systems with data complexity measures: A case of study using a fuzzy hybrid genetic based machine learning method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The analysis of data complexity is a proper framework to characterize the tackled classification problem and to identify domains of competence of classifiers. As a practical outcome of this framework, the proposed data complexity measures may facilitate ... Keywords: Classification, Data complexity, Fuzzy rule based systems, Genetic fuzzy systems

Julián Luengo; Francisco Herrera

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

BLACK HISTORY @ Your Education Library  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BLACK HISTORY @ Your Education Library Focus on Canadian Resources: Songs Granfield, Linda. Illus, Rella. Solme Black Women: Profiles of Black Women in Canada. Sister Vision, 1993. FC106.B6B73 1993 Bramble, Linda. Black Fugitive Slaves in Early Canada. Vanwell, 1987. Juv E450.B73 1987 Carter, Velma

Ellis, Randy

277

A Critical History of Renormalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The history of renormalization is reviewed with a critical eye, starting with Lorentz's theory of radiation damping, through perturbative QED with Dyson, Gell-Mann & Low, and others, to Wilson's formulation and Polchinski's functional equation, and applications to "triviality", and dark energy in cosmology.

Huang, Kerson

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wigner. The letter brought the Commander and Chief's attention to the potential of nuclear fission and nuclear weapons. The letter encouraged the president to begin developing...

279

History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

generators for space applications since 1961. These generators provide electrical power for spacecraft by direct conversion of the heat generated by the decay of...

280

History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Standards that had contributed to the measurement science of nuclear materials for the Manhattan Project. NBL's initial mission was to provide a Federal capability for the assay...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

History  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Historical timeline of continuous casting...casting of copper 1840 The first recorded patent in the nonferrous field was by

282

Extracting magnetic anomalies based on an improved BEMD method: A case study in the Pangxidong Area, South China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In bidimensional empirical mode decomposition, an appropriate stoppage criterion for the sifting process is important. To solve the problem of unstable convergence, a stepwise stop criterion was presented based on the Cauchy-type criterion. In one sifting ... Keywords: BEMD, Magnetic data, Mode mixing, Stepwise stop criterion

Weisheng Hou; Zhijun Yang; Yongzhang Zhou; Liping Zhang; Wenlong Wu

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Internet-based 'social sharing' as a new form of global production: The case of SETI@home  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Benkler (Sharing nicely: on shareable goods and the emergence of sharing as a modality of economic production, Yale Law Journal, 2004, vol. 114, pp. 273-358) has argued that 'social sharing' via Internet-based distributed computing is a new, so far under-appreciated ... Keywords: Digital divide, Distributed computing, Economic production, SETI@home, Shareable goods, Social sharing

Hans-Jürgen Engelbrecht

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Creating a specific domain ontology for supporting R&D in the science-based sector - The case of biosensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In science-based and technology-intensive projects, knowledge management challenges require a tentative and cautious review of the technological domains, as well as, venues to monitor and assess the way those domains evolve, emerge, mature, and decline. ... Keywords: Biosensor, Domain ontology, Engineering knowledge, Meta-modeling

Fragiskos A. Batzias; Christina G. Siontorou

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Agent-based algorithms for collaborative price search in electronic commerce: a case study and performance evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an architecture based on mobile agents to search for admissible prices of a specific item among many merchant sites over the Internet. To make the search more efficient, mobile agents collaborate by exchanging information. In this ... Keywords: collaboration, data retrieval, e-commerce, mobile agents, price search

Ali Chamam; Samuel Pierre; Roch H. Glitho

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

A type-based approach to separating protocol from application logic: a case study in hybrid computer programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerous programming models have been introduced to allow programmers to utilize new accelerator-based architectures. While OpenCL and CUDA provide low-level access to accelerator programming, the task cries out for a higher-level abstraction. Of the ...

Geoffrey C. Hulette; Matthew J. Sottile; Allen D. Malony

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

TRB-Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP): Case Studies...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon TRB-Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP): Case Studies in Bus Rapid Transit Jump to: navigation, search Tool...

288

Automatic History Matching of Geothermal Field Performance  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have developed inverse modeling capabilities for the multiphase multicomponent numerical simulator TOUGH2 to facilitate automatic history matching and parameter estimation based on data obtained during exploitation of geothermal fields. The ITOUGH2 code allows one to estimate TOUGH2 input parameters based on any type of observation for which a corresponding TOUGH2 output can be calculated. Furthermore, a detailed residual and error analysis is performed, and the uncertainty of model predictions can be evaluated. This paper focuses on the solution of the inverse problem, i.e. the determination of model-related parameters by automatically calibrating a conceptual model of the geothermal system against data obtained during field operation. We first describe the modeling approach used to simulate fluid and heat flow in fractured-porous media. The inverse problem is then formulated, followed by a brief discussion of the optimization algorithm. A sample problem is given to demonstrate the application of the method to geothermal reservoir data.

Finsterle, S.; Pruess, K.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Automatic history matching of geothermal field performance  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have developed inverse modeling capabilities for the multiphase multicomponent numerical simulator TOUGH2 to facilitate automatic history matching, and parameter estimation based on data obtained during exploitation of Geothermal fields. The ITOUGH2 code allows one to estimate TOUGH2 input parameters based on any type of observation for which a corresponding TOUGH2 output can be calculated. Furthermore, a detailed residual and error analysis is performed, and the uncertainty of model predictions can be evaluated. This paper focuses on the solution of the inverse; problem, i.e. the determination of model-related parameters by automatically calibrating a conceptual model of the Geothermal system against data obtained during field operation. We first describe the modeling, approach used to simulate fluid and heat flow in fractured-porous media. The inverse problem is then formulated, followed by a brief discussion of the optimization algorithm. A sample problem is given to demonstrate the application of the method to Geothermal reservoir data.

Finsterle, S.; Pruess, K>

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Using Adaptive Agent-Based Simulation Models to Assist Planners in Policy: The Case of Rent Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: 2 Computer simulation modeling for policy development in planning has had difficulty gaining a consistent foothold. Reasons for this include bad experiences with large-scale, comprehensive models (e.g., Forrester, 1969) and the lack of theory that one can quantify (Batty, 1994). Batty (1994) has suggested that new types of computational models, based on the tenets of complexity theory (Bernard, under revision) may prove useful. One type of complexity theory model is an "adaptive agent based model" in which the actions, interactions, and adaptations of many autonomous, heterogeneous "agents" (households, firms, etc.) produce emergent, systemwide behavior. One can examine this emergent behavior using commonly employed metrics, but one can also garner a richer, more intuitive understanding of how the individual behavior of the agents self-organize to produce the entire system. Using this type of modeling for small-scale planning problems can both inform planning theorists and improve ...

Robert N. Bernard

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

A New Vision of Local History Narrative: Writing History in Cummington, Massachusetts.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Scholars who have written about local history hold no consensus on the purpose, value, and even definition of local history narrative. This thesis seeks to… (more)

Pasternak, Stephanie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

14.731 Economic History, Fall 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A survey of world economic history, designed to introduce economics graduate students to the subject matter and methodology of economic history. Topics chosen to show a wide variety of historical experience and illuminate ...

Temin, Peter

293

Our History | National Nuclear Security Administration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our...

294

Comparison of edit history clustering techniques for spatial hypertext  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

History mechanisms available in hypertext systems allow access to past user interactions with the system. This helps users evaluate past work and learn from past activity. It also allows systems identify usage patterns and potentially predict behaviors with the system. Thus, recording history is useful to both the system and the user. Various tools and techniques have been developed to group and annotate history in Visual Knowledge Builder (VKB). But the problem with these tools is that the operations are performed manually. For a large VKB history growing over a long period of time, performing grouping operations using such tools is difficult and time consuming. This thesis examines various methods to analyze VKB history in order to automatically group/cluster all the user events in this history. In this thesis, three different approaches are compared. The first approach is a pattern matching approach identifying repeated patterns of edit events in the history. The second approach is a rule-based approach that uses simple rules, such as group all consecutive events on a single object. The third approach uses hierarchical agglomerative clustering (HAC) where edits are grouped based on a function of edit time and edit location. The contributions of this thesis work are: (a) developing tools to automatically cluster large VKB history using these approaches, (b) analyzing performance of each approach in order to determine their relative strengths and weaknesses, and (c) answering the question, how well do the automatic clustering approaches perform by comparing the results obtained from this automatic tool with that obtained from the manual grouping performed by actual users on a same set of VKB history. Results obtained from this thesis work show that the rule-based approach performs the best in that it best matches human-defined groups and generates the fewest number of groups. The hierarchic agglomerative clustering approach is in between the other two approaches with regards to identifying human-defined groups. The pattern-matching approach generates many potential groups but only a few matches with those generated by actual VKB users.

Mandal, Bikash

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Roof-top solar energy potential under performance-based building energy codes: The case of Spain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The quantification at regional level of the amount of energy (for thermal uses and for electricity) that can be generated by using solar systems in buildings is hindered by the availability of data for roof area estimation. In this note, we build on an existing geo-referenced method for determining available roof area for solar facilities in Spain to produce a quantitative picture of the likely limits of roof-top solar energy. The installation of solar hot water systems (SHWS) and photovoltaic systems (PV) is considered. After satisfying up to 70% (if possible) of the service hot water demand in every municipality, PV systems are installed in the remaining roof area. Results show that, applying this performance-based criterion, SHWS would contribute up to 1662 ktoe/y of primary energy (or 68.5% of the total thermal-energy demand for service hot water), while PV systems would provide 10 T W h/y of electricity (or 4.0% of the total electricity demand). (author)

Izquierdo, Salvador; Montanes, Carlos; Dopazo, Cesar; Fueyo, Norberto [Fluid Mechanics Group, University of Zaragoza and LITEC (CSIC), Maria de Luna 3, 50018 Zaragoza (Spain)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

296

Oral History As Method and Practice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Keywords:  Oral History, Trauma, Immigrant Communities,Practice  Through oral history, in which the work threads between oral history,  testimony giving and 

Mun?hye Baik, Crystal

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

THE HISTORY OF STANDARD OIL/EXXONMOBIL IN BATON ROUGE Oral History Interviewee Contact Survey Form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE HISTORY OF STANDARD OIL/EXXONMOBIL IN BATON ROUGE Oral History Interviewee Contact Survey Form LSU Libraries Special Collections Williams Center for Oral History If you think that you location; T. Harry Williams Center for Oral History: ATTN: Staff LSU Libraries Special Collections Agnes

Harms, Kyle E.

298

Science DMZ Case Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Studies Studies About ESnet Overview ESnet Staff Governance Our Network Case Studies OSCARS Case Studies Science DMZ Case Studies Science DMZ CU Science DMZ Penn State & VTTI Science DMZ NOAA Science DMZ NERSC Science DMZ ALS Multi-facility Workflow LCLS ESnet Strategic Plan ESnet Organizational Chart ESnet History Science Requirements Careers Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Science DMZ Case Studies Developed by ESnet engineers, the Science DMZ model addresses common network performance problems encountered at any institution by creating an environment that is tailored to the needs of high performance science

299

RECONSTRUCTING THE HISTORY OF ENERGY CONDITION VIOLATION FROM OBSERVATIONAL DATA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the likelihood of energy condition violations in the history of the universe. Our method is based on a set of functions that characterize energy condition violation. Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker cosmological models are built around these 'indication functions'. By computing the Fisher matrix of model parameters using Type Ia supernova and Hubble parameter data, we extract the principal modes of these functions' redshift evolution. These modes allow us to obtain general reconstructions of energy condition violation history independent of the dark energy model. We find that the data suggest a history of strong energy condition violation, but the null and dominant energy conditions are likely to be fulfilled. Implications for dark energy models are discussed.

Wu Chaojian; Ma Cong; Zhang Tongjie, E-mail: tjzhang@bnu.edu.cn [Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China)

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

300

Reconstructing the History of Energy Condition Violation from Observational Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the likelihood of energy condition violations in the history of the Universe. Our method is based on a set of functions that characterize energy condition violation. FLRW cosmological models are built around these "indication functions". By computing the Fisher matrix of model parameters using type Ia supernova and Hubble parameter data, we extract the principal modes of these functions' redshift evolution. These modes allow us to obtain general reconstructions of energy condition violation history independent of the dark energy model. We find that the data suggest a history of strong energy condition violation, but the null and dominant energy conditions are likely to be fulfilled. Implications for dark energy models are discussed.

Chao-Jian Wu; Cong Ma; Tong-Jie Zhang

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The History of Montpelier From 1864 to 1925.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??There have been many histories written on the great movements of American History and most states have had their histories, but almost endless localities have… (more)

Rich, A. McKay

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Digital Media in History: Remediating Data and Narratives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fasolt, The Limits of History (Chicago: University ofthis phrase writing history as the his- torical enterprise,de Certeau, The Writing of History, trans by Tom Conley (New

Tanaka, Stefan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Transcultural Battlefield: Recent Japanese Translations of Philippine History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Firipin no Rekishi [A History of the Philippines]. Tokyo:ed. 2003. Can We Write History? : Between Postmodernism andKinyu [Philippine Banking History: American Colonial State

Nagano, Yoshiko

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

A New History of Banking Panics in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of Economic History (December): Catterall, Ralph.H. 1957. “Conspectus for a History of Economic and BusinessJournal of Economic History 17 (September): 333-388.

Jalil, Andrew Javed

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

US Energy Service Company Industry: History and Business Models...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Business Models US Energy Service Company Industry: History and Business Models Information about the history of US Energy Service Company including industry history,...

306

THE EARLY LIFE HISTORY OF SKIPJACK TUNA, Katsuwonus pelamis, IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE EARLY LIFE HISTORY OF SKIPJACK TUNA, Katsuwonus pelamis, IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN HOWARD O. YOSHIDA' ABSTRAcr This study investigates the early life history of skipjack tuna, including the distribution, abundance, age, and growth. The study is based on 1,742 juvenile skipjack tuna that were found

307

ARM Orientation: Overview and History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARM Orientation: ARM Orientation: Overview and History Warren Wiscombe ARM Chief Scientist Brookhaven & NASA ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement 2 Mar 2006 ARM Orientation You want me to be Chief Scientist? Can you believe this guy? ARM ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Atmospheric Radiation Measurement 3 Mar 2006 ARM Orientation ARM in a nutshell ARM in a nutshell * * Largest global change research program Largest global change research program funded by the U.S. Department of Energy funded by the U.S. Department of Energy ($44M/yr; ~ ($44M/yr; ~ $10M/yr fo $10M/yr fo r Science Team r Science Team ) ) * * Created to improve cloud and radiation Created to improve cloud and radiation physics and cloud simulation capabilities in physics and cloud simulation capabilities in

308

Tech Area II: A History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report documents the history of the major buildings in Sandia National Laboratories' Technical Area II. It was prepared in support of the Department of Energy's compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act. Technical Area II was designed and constructed in 1948 specifically for the final assembly of the non-nuclear components of nuclear weapons, and was the primary site conducting such assembly until 1952. Both the architecture and location of the oldest buildings in the area reflect their original purpose. Assembly activities continued in Area II from 1952 to 1957, but the major responsibility for this work shifted to other sites in the Atomic Energy Commission's integrated contractor complex. Gradually, additional buildings were constructed and the original buildings were modified. After 1960, the Area's primary purpose was the research and testing of high-explosive components for nuclear weapons. In 1994, Sandia constructed new facilities for work on hi...

Rebecca Ullrich; Rebecca Ullrich

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

INTRODUCTION Synthetic biology: history, challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

," scientists exploring new technologies such as hydroponics in space, biofuels, and plant-based medicines. #12, including logo, installation shots, rights-free images, and sample press release Range of wholesale products-based products and land-use techniques--such as biofuels, organic farming, and soy-based plastics and inks

Haseloff, Jim

310

An evaluation of integrated-gasification-combined-cycle and pulverized-coal-fired steam plants: Volume 1, Base case studies: Final report  

SciTech Connect

An evaluation of the performance and costs for a Texaco-based integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plant as compared to a conventional pulverized coal-fired steam (PCFS) power plant with flue gas desulfurization (FGD) is provided. A general set of groundrules was used within which each plant design was optimized. The study incorporated numerous sensitivity cases along with up-to-date operating and cost data obtained through participation of equipment vendors and process developers. Consequently, the IGCC designs presented in this study use the most recent data available from Texaco's ongoing international coal gasification development program and General Electric's continuing gas turbine development efforts. The Texaco-based IGCC has advantages over the conventional PCFS technology with regard to environmental emissions and natural resource requirements. SO/sub 2/, NOx, and particulate emissions are lower. Land area and water requirements are less for IGCC concepts. Coal consumption is less due to the higher plant thermal efficiency attainable in the IGCC plant. The IGCC plant also has the capability to be designed in several different configurations, with and without the use of natural gas or oil as a backup fuel. This capability may prove to be particularly advantageous in certain utility planning and operation scenarios. 107 figs., 114 tabs.

Pietruszkiewicz, J.; Milkavich, R.J.; Booras, G.S.; Thomas, G.O.; Doss, H.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Graphical History List with Multi-Window Support on a Mobile Web Browser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rolling back to previously visited Web pages and opening multiple browser windows or tabs at the same time are common activities in a Web browsing session on a PC. When using a mobile device for Web browsing, these usage patterns have to be supported seamlessly in the mobile environment under the additional constraint of limited screen real estate. In this paper, we introduce a solution called Rolling History, a user interface targeted for mobile devices with 4-way navigation control and graphics acceleration hardware. We tested the usefulness of a Rolling History prototype in two small-scale user studies and the results indicate that Rolling History is a useful feature for Web history navigation and browser windows management. The Rolling History case demonstrates how to design a unique user interface for a mobile device without displacing the deep-seated use patterns that people have found useful on a PC.

Elina Vartiainen; Virpi Roto; Janne Kaasalainen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Department of Energy, 1977-1994, A Summary History | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy, 1977-1994, A Summary History Department of Energy, 1977-1994, A Summary History history fo the Department of Energy Department of Energy, 1977-1994, A Summary History More...

313

Our History | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

History | National Nuclear Security Administration History | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Our History Home > About Us > Our History Our History The NNSA was established by Congress in 2000 as a separately organized agency within the U.S. Department of Energy, responsible for the management and security of the nation's nuclear weapons, nuclear nonproliferation,

314

History Update 2012New Companion Website  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to facilitate learning and provide additional material History of Africa, 3 rd edition offers a richly illustrated and critical narrative to the history of the entire continent, from ancient times through to the present day. Taking an easy-to-follow chronological and regional approach and written in clear, accessible language, this is the ideal textbook for students new to African History. New 3 rd Edition

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Superalloys: A Primer and History  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The continuous matrix (called gamma) is an face-centered-cubic (fcc) nickel- based austenitic phase that usually contains a high percentage of solid-solution ...

316

Archives and History Office: About Us  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(through 2009) Processing Scorecard (through FY2012) Functions Flow AHO Functions flow chart -- Return to top -- Archives and History Office | Library | InfoMedia Solutions...

317

Archives and History Office: Jean Marie Deken  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2006. Photo by Diana Rogers Archivist "Archives offer...a sense of identity, locality, history, culture, and personal and collective memory..." Jean Marie Deken SLAC Archives and...

318

Archives and History Office: Staff Biographies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1919-2007 Bob (Robert) Siemann, - 2008 Walter "Juni" Zawojski, 1912-2009 -- Return to top -- Archives and History Office | Library | InfoMedia Solutions Last Updated: 03012013...

319

Understanding Materials Science History, Science, Applications - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 10, 2007 ... CITATION: Hummel, R.E. Understanding Materials Science History, Science, Applications, 2nd Edition, New York: Springer, 2004.

320

Archives and History Office: Site Map  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Help SLAC Popular Periodicals Help Digital Resources SU Reports ABA Reports Oral History Rules Researcher Application Form Others' Resources Services What Can I Do to Help...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Environmental History: Methods, Research, and Practice.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis has three parts, a historiography and original research into path of environmental history, culminating with the development of a website titled: Teaching… (more)

Barry, Gavin James

322

Archives and History Office: Program Review Committee  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About Us > Program Review Committee Program Review Committee The SLAC Archives and History Office Program Review Committee was a standing committee charged with advising SLAC...

323

A History of the Atomic Energy Commission  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A History of the Atomic Energy Commission - written by Alice L. BuckWashington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Energy, July 1983. 41 pp. 

324

Sandia National Laboratories: About Sandia: History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

aerodynamic research, 1950s. Sandia National Laboratories' roots lie in World War II's Manhattan Project, which built the world's first atomic bombs. Our history reflects the...

325

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Our History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Our History to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Our...

326

NIST Photoionization of CO2 Version History  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CO2-button Photoionization of CO 2. Version History. Example ... 1.0). [Online] Available: http://physics.nist.gov/CO2 [year, month day]. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

327

Sources of History of Nursing in Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sources of Nursing History in Korea, 1886-1911. Commissionedthe nursing profession in Korea. Regarding the publicationearly modern and colonial Korea, and stimulate the in-depth

UCLA Center for the Study of Women

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

PDF: The History of Nuclear Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 12, 2007 ... This 28-page report, produced by the U. S. Department of Energy, reviews the history of nuclear energy from the discovery of fission through ...

329

NETL: Technology Transfer - History of Technology Transfer  

History of Technology Transfer Technology transfer differs from providing services or products (e.g., acquisition) and financial assistance (e.g., ...

330

Decoherent Histories Quantum Mechanics with One 'Real' Fine-Grained History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decoherent histories quantum theory is reformulated with the assumption that there is one "real" fine-grained history, specified in a preferred complete set of sum-over-histories variables. This real history is described by embedding it in an ensemble of comparable imagined fine-grained histories, not unlike the familiar ensemble of statistical mechanics. These histories are assigned extended probabilities, which can sometimes be negative or greater than one. As we will show, this construction implies that the real history is not completely accessible to experimental or other observational discovery. However, sufficiently and appropriately coarse-grained sets of alternative histories have standard probabilities providing information about the real fine-grained history that can be compared with observation. We recover the probabilities of decoherent histories quantum mechanics for sets of histories that are recorded and therefore decohere. Quantum mechanics can be viewed as a classical stochastic theory of histories with extended probabilities and a well-defined notion of reality common to all decoherent sets of alternative coarse-grained histories.

Murray Gell-Mann; James B. Hartle

2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

331

The History of Arbor Day  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Arbor Day Arbor Day Nature Bulletin No. 227-A April 23, 1966 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE HISTORY OF ARBOR DAY Most holidays remind us of past events, but Arbor Day, set aside for the planting of trees, looks toward the future. That is truly conservation. Conservation may be defined as the wise use of all our natural resources for the permanent good of all the people . It is a way of living that looks toward the future. The idea of Arbor Day started on January 4, 1872, when J. Sterling Morton, then a member of the Nebraska Board of Agriculture, introduced a resolution that: "Wednesday, the tenth day of April, 1872, be and the same is hereby especially set apart and consecrated for the planting of trees in the State of Nebraska and the State Board of Agriculture hereby name it Arbor Day; and to urge upon the people of the State the vital importance of tree planting .... .

332

Tectonic history of southeastern Illinois  

SciTech Connect

Recurrent movements on the northeast-trending Reelfoot rift and west-trending Rough Creek fault zone dominated southeastern Illinois tectonic history. Early Cambrian rifting along both zones created deep trenches that began to fill with sediments. Intermittent movements continued, but faults were quiescent by the Mississippian. Then renewed extension on the Reelfoot rift in the Early Permian produced high-angle normal faults in the Wabash Valley fault system and fluorspar area fault complex, and the right-lateral Cottage Grove fault system. Igneous intrusions accompanied this action: upwelling magma formed Omaha dome; Hicks dome and associated concentric and radial faults appear to have been formed by explosive igneous activity. After the Early Permian, recurrent up-and-down movements of several thousand feet reactivated the fluorspar area fault complex and created the present day Rough Creek and Shawneetown fault zones. Blocks bordering faults returned roughly to their original positions by the Late Cretaceous, leaving narrow slices of rock upthrown and downthrown along faults. Faults in Illinois probably have been inactive since the Cretaceous Period, although the Reelfoot rift south of Cairo has been reactivated. Earthquakes in Illinois today apparently are caused by local east-west horizontal compressional stresses not related to known bedrock faults.

Nelson, W.J.; Lumm, D.K.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

The History of the Microscope  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Microscope the Microscope Nature Bulletin No. 506 November 9, 1957 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Daniel Ryan, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor David H. Thompson, Senior Naturalist THE HISTORY OF THE MICROSCOPE During that historic period known as the Renaissance, after the "dark" Middle Ages, there occurred the inventions of printing, gunpowder and the mariner's compass, followed by the discovery of America. Equally remarkable was the invention of the microscope: an instrument that enables the human eye, by means of a lens or combinations of lenses, to observe enlarged images of tiny objects. It made visible the fascinating details of worlds within worlds. Long before, in the hazy unrecorded past, someone picked up a piece of transparent crystal thicker in the middle than at the edges, looked through it, and discovered that it made things look larger. Someone also found that such a crystal would focus the sun's rays and set fire to a piece of parchment or cloth. Magnifiers and "burning glasses" are mentioned in the writings of Seneca and Pliny the Elder, Roman philosophers during the first century A. D., but apparently they were not used much until the invention of spectacles, toward the end of the 13th century. They were named lenses because they are shaped like the seeds of a lentil.

334

Making History : : The Role of History in Contemporary Native American Art  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of reclaimed wool, and its association with the history ofhistory is woven into these blankets, along with the wool,history of community, both through her assistant sewers and through the reclaimed wool

Cluff, Leah Diane

335

Atomic power in space: A history  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

''Atomic Power in Space,'' a history of the Space Isotope Power Program of the United States, covers the period from the program's inception in the mid-1950s through 1982. Written in non-technical language, the history is addressed to both the general public and those more specialized in nuclear and space technologies. 19 figs., 3 tabs.

Not Available

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

World History and Energy VACLAV SMIL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

approximately 90% of all commercial primary energy supply, with the rest coming from primary (hydro and nuclearWorld History and Energy VACLAV SMIL University of Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada 1. A Deterministic View of History 2. The Earliest Energy Eras 3. Medieval and Early Modern Advances 4. Transitions

Smil, Vaclav

337

CRSP Transmission Sales Rate History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Updated: 12/20/2013 Updated: 12/20/2013 CRSP Transmission Sales Rate History Rate Schedule Effective Dates Nonfirm (Mills/kWh) Firm ($/kW-yr.) Firm ($/kW-mo.) None Through 3/83 1.000 $ 6.60 $0.55 SP-FT1 4/83 - 6/86 N.A. $10.27 $0.86 SP-NFT1 4/83 - 6/86 2.000 N.A. SP-FT2 7/86 - 6/89 N.A. $15.94 $1.33 SP-NFT2 7/86 - 7/89 3.100 N.A. SP-FT3 7/89 - 9/92 N.A. $21.72 $1.81 SP-NFT3 8/89 - 3/98 Mutually Agreed N.A. SP-FT4 10/92 - 3/98 N.A. $22.68 $1.89 SP-NFT4 4/98 - 3/03 Mutually Agreed N.A. SP-PTP5 4/98 - 3/99 N.A. $26.70 $2.23 4/99 - 3/00 N.A. $26.19 $2.18 4/00 - 3/01 N.A. $26.14 $2.18 4/01 - 3/02 N.A. $25.63 $2.14 4/02 - 9/02 N.A. $21.33 $1.78 SP-NFT5 10/02 - 9/07 Mutually Agreed N.A. 10/07-9/08 Mutually Agreed N.A. SP-PTP6 10/02 - 9/03 N.A. $24.72 $2.06

338

Radioactivity and health: A history  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book is designed to be primarily a history of research facts, measurements, and ideas and the people who developed them. ''Research'' is defined very broadly to include from bench-top laboratory experiments to worldwide environmental investigations. The book is not a monograph or a critical review. The findings and conclusions are presented largely as the investigators saw and reported them. Frequently, the discussion utilizes the terminology and units of the time, unless they are truly antiquated or potentially unclear. It is only when the work being reported is markedly iconoclastic or obviously wrong that I chose to make special note of it or to correct it. Nevertheless, except for direct quotations, the language is mine, and I take full responsibility for it. The working materials for this volume included published papers in scientific journals, books, published conferences and symposia, personal interviews with over 100 individuals, some of them more than once (see Appendix A), and particularly for the 1940--1950 decade and for the large government-supported laboratories to the present day, ''in-house'' reports. These reports frequently represent the only comprehensive archive of what was done and why. Unfortunately, this source is drying up because of storage problems and must be retrieved by ever more complex and inconvenient means. For this reason, special efforts have been taken to review and document these sources, though even now some sections of the field are partially inaccessible. Nevertheless, the volume of all materials available for this review was surprisingly large and the quality much better than might have been expected for so complex and disparate a fields approached under conditions of considerable urgency.

Stannard, J.N.; Baalman, R.W. Jr. (ed.)

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Archives and History Office: Digital Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Resources > Digital Resources Resources > Digital Resources Digital Resources Informal History, Part 1 The Histories page provides publications that examine SLAC history or particular events, experiments, and equipment. Publications are listed in reverse chronological order (i.e. newest listed first). Edward L. Ginzton and the MARK III accelerator at Stanford University as it nears its completion in 1952. Copies of Stanford University Physics Department Project M Reports held by the SLAC Archives and History Office, including those produced by the Microwave Lab, and the High-Energy Physics Lab (HEPL) have been scanned and are now available online. Linac construction site showing curved and straight sections in rain and mud, 1963. Copies of ABA reports held by the SLAC Archives have been scanned and are now available online along with a list of ABA numbered reports relating to the development of the SLAC proposal and known to the SLAC Archives and History Office.

340

The Manhattan Project National Security History Series  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Manhattan Project National Security History Series 5 Visit our Manhattan Project web site: http://www.cfo.doe.gov/me70/manhattan/index.htm 5 DOE/MA-0002 Revised F. G. Gosling Office of History and Heritage Resources Executive Secretariat Office of Management Department of Energy January 2010 The Manhattan Project National Security History Series 5 National Security History Series Volume I: The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb Volume II: Building the Nuclear Arsenal: Cold War Nuclear Weapons Development and Production, 1946-1989 (in progress) Volume III: Nonproliferation and Stockpile Stewardship: The Nuclear Weapons Complex in the Post-Cold War World (projected) The National Security History Series is a joint project of the Office

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

WMAP 3-year polarization data: Implications for the reionization history  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the delay of structure formation can not fully account for the reduction of electron optical depth from WMAP1 to WMAP3 when the radiative transfer effects and feedback mechanisms are took into account in computing the reionization history of the Universe. We also show that a PopIII stellar cluster with a mass of 80Mo and a heavy Larson initial mass function has an ionizing efficiency high enough to account for WMAP3 results, while in the case of WMAP1, a higher stellar mass of 1000Mo was required.

L. A. Popa

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

342

A Hierarchical History Matching Method and its Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modern reservoir management typically involves simulations of geological models to predict future recovery estimates, providing the economic assessment of different field development strategies. Integrating reservoir data is a vital step in developing reliable reservoir performance models. Currently, most effective strategies for traditional manual history matching commonly follow a structured approach with a sequence of adjustments from global to regional parameters, followed by local changes in model properties. In contrast, many of the recent automatic history matching methods utilize parameter sensitivities or gradients to directly update the fine-scale reservoir properties, often ignoring geological inconsistency. Therefore, there is need for combining elements of all of these scales in a seamless manner. We present a hierarchical streamline-assisted history matching, with a framework of global-local updates. A probabilistic approach, consisting of design of experiments, response surface methodology and the genetic algorithm, is used to understand the uncertainty in the large-scale static and dynamic parameters. This global update step is followed by a streamline-based model calibration for high resolution reservoir heterogeneity. This local update step assimilates dynamic production data. We apply the genetic global calibration to unconventional shale gas reservoir specifically we include stimulated reservoir volume as a constraint term in the data integration to improve history matching and reduce prediction uncertainty. We introduce a novel approach for efficiently computing well drainage volumes for shale gas wells with multistage fractures and fracture clusters, and we will filter stochastic shale gas reservoir models by comparing the computed drainage volume with the measured SRV within specified confidence limits. Finally, we demonstrate the value of integrating downhole temperature measurements as coarse-scale constraint during streamline-based history matching of dynamic production data. We first derive coarse-scale permeability trends in the reservoir from temperature data. The coarse information are then downscaled into fine scale permeability by sequential Gaussian simulation with block kriging, and updated by local-scale streamline-based history matching. he power and utility of our approaches have been demonstrated using both synthetic and field examples.

Yin, Jichao

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

BACTERIA Synonyms Definition History - Springer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1 ...... proteorhodopsin-based phototrophy (Sabehi et al., 2005), this metabolism surely ..... fact, Buick (1988) maintained that the chert matrix of the ... the 2.7 billion-years-old shales of the Jeerinah Formation, ..... Economic Geologist, 68, 1169–1172. Holm ...... date the extent of biodegradation of crude oil and to obtain.

344

A Bayesian Account of Quantum Histories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate whether quantum history theories can be consistent with Bayesian reasoning and whether such an analysis helps clarify the interpretation of such theories. First, we summarise and extend recent work categorising two different approaches to formalising multi-time measurements in quantum theory. The standard approach consists of describing an ordered series of measurements in terms of history propositions with non-additive `probabilities'. The non-standard approach consists of defining multi-time measurements to consist of sets of exclusive and exhaustive history propositions and recovering the single-time exclusivity of results when discussing single-time history propositions. We analyse whether such history propositions can be consistent with Bayes' rule. We show that certain class of histories are given a natural Bayesian interpretation, namely the linearly positive histories originally introduced by Goldstein and Page. Thus we argue that this gives a certain amount of interpretational clarity to the non-standard approach. We also attempt a justification of our analysis using Cox's axioms of probability theory.

Thomas Marlow

2005-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

345

Determination of Effective Emittance and a Radiatively Equivalent Microphysical Model of Cirrus from Ground-Based and Satellite Observations during the International Cirrus Experiment: The 18 October 1989 Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ground-based observations and satellite data have been compared for the 18 October 1989 case study of the International Cirrus Experiment (ICE) field campaign. They correspond to thin cirrus clouds with infrared emittances in the range 0–0.3. ...

G. Brogniez; J. C. Buriez; V. Giraud; F. Parol; C. Vanbauce

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Tracking-history-based Sleeping Policies for Wireless Sensor Networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A wireless sensor network can be used to track an object. Every sensor has limited energy and detecting range. In order to conserve energy, sensors… (more)

Gau, Ding-hau

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

The Transition To Electric Bikes In China: History And Key Reasons For Rapid Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that ushers in small battery electric cars. In any case, thethe Manufacture of Mini Electric Cars Based on Experience

Weinert, Jonathan X.; Ma, Chaktan; Cherry, Chris

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

ALS History: The First 20 Years  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History: The First 20 Years Print History: The First 20 Years Print Below is an interactive timeline covering highlights of the first 20 years of ALS history. By no means exhaustive, it is meant to provide a broad overview of the people and events that have helped shape the ALS as well as a sense of the breadth of the science that has been done here. Click on items to see more detail. Slide the blue rectangle at bottom to move forward or backward in time. Color Key: Science Highlights (green); People and Events (orange); Concurrent Events (blue); Facility Facts (purple) Tiki-Toki ALS Timeline: Science, People, and Events About this timeline This timeline shows the history of the Advanced Light Source. Slide the blue rectangle at bottom to move forward or backward in time.;xNLx;;xNLx;Color Key:;xNLx;;xNLx;Green = Science

349

ALS History: The First 20 Years  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History: The First 20 Years Print History: The First 20 Years Print Below is an interactive timeline covering highlights of the first 20 years of ALS history. By no means exhaustive, it is meant to provide a broad overview of the people and events that have helped shape the ALS as well as a sense of the breadth of the science that has been done here. Click on items to see more detail. Slide the blue rectangle at bottom to move forward or backward in time. Color Key: Science Highlights (green); People and Events (orange); Concurrent Events (blue); Facility Facts (purple) Tiki-Toki ALS Timeline: Science, People, and Events About this timeline This timeline shows the history of the Advanced Light Source. Slide the blue rectangle at bottom to move forward or backward in time.;xNLx;;xNLx;Color Key:;xNLx;;xNLx;Green = Science

350

DOE History Timeline | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Timeline Timeline DOE History Timeline DOE History Timeline The Department of Energy is one of the most interesting and diverse agencies in the Federal Government. Activated on October 1, 1977, the twelfth cabinet-level department brought together for the first time within one agency two programmatic traditions that had long coexisted within the Federal establishment: 1) defense responsibilities that included the design, construction, and testing of nuclear weapons dating from the Manhattan Project effort to build the atomic bomb during World War II; and 2) a loosely knit amalgamation of energy-related programs scattered throughout the Federal Government. The intent of the DOE History Timeline is to provide the public with easy access to accurate information about the history of DOE and its predecessor

351

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - SLAC History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SLAC History black and white photo of the first construction of SLAC In 1962, in the rolling hills west of Stanford University, construction began on the longest and straightest...

352

DOE History Timeline | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1991-2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Institutional Origins of DOE Manhattan Project DOE History Timeline The Department of Energy is one of the most...

353

Building 9213 ? A long and varied history  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

213 - A long and varied history The series on the Training and Technology program at Y-12 has been completed, and I certainly do appreciate all the input received on that historic...

354

NETL: Our History Powers America's Future  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Our History Powers America's Future 100 Year Logo For the last century, NETL has been on a quest to find energy answers. On May 16, 1910, the newly created U.S. Bureau of Mines...

355

Rio Grande Project Power Sales Rate History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Sales Rate History Updated: 1022009 Rate Schedule Effective Dates Energy (MillskWh) Capacity (kW-mo.) Combined (MillskWh) R5-F1 1940 - 1949 3.000 - 8.000 (declining...

356

Collbran Project Power Sales Rate History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Sales Rate History Updated: 1022009 Rate Schedule Effective Dates Energy (MillskWh) Capacity (kW-mo.) Combined (MillskWh) Contract 1262 - 1283 (Firm Only) (Nonfirm...

357

History of the DOE Human Genome Program  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

History of the DOE Human Genome Program History of the DOE Human Genome Program The following history is taken from the U.S. Department of Energy 1991-91 Human Genome Program Report (June 1992). This is an archived item. A brief history of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Human Genome Program will be useful in a discussion of the objectives of the DOE program as well as those of the collaborative U.S. Human Genome Project. The Office of Health and Environmental Research (OHER) of DOE and its predecessor agencies--the Atomic Energy Commission and the Energy Research and Development Administration--have long sponsored research into genetics, both in microbial systems and in mammals, including basic studies on genome structure, replication, damage, and repair and the consequences of genetic

358

A Case Study to Evaluate the Reliability Impact of Large-Scale Wind Generation: Incorporating Variable Generation and Loads into Rel iability-based Transmission Planning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes a case study using a probabilistic framework to capture variations in output of variable generation connected to the transmission system along with system loads. The research in 2010, 2011, and some part of 2012 focused on developing the probabilistic model framework. The focus of the 2012 work was to use this model on a real-world (as opposed to a test system) transmission planning case along with data for all the variable generation and system loads modeled in the case to ...

2013-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

359

Epistemological Distinctions Between Science and History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article describes epistemological distinctions between science and history. Science investigates models of natural law using repeatable experiments as the ultimate arbiter. In contrast, history investigates past events by considering physical evidence, documentary evidence, and eyewitness testimony. Because questions of natural law are repeatably testable by any audience that exercises due experimental care, models of natural law are inherently more objective and testable with greater certainty than theories of past events.

Michael Courtney; Amy Courtney

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

360

Atomic Power in Space: A History  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

"Atomic Power in Space," a history of the Space Isotope Power Program of the United States, covers the period from the program's inception in the mid-1950s through 1982. Written in non-technical language, the history is addressed to both the general public and those more specialized in nuclear and space technologies. Interplanetary space exploration successes and achievements have been made possible by this technology, for which there is no known substitue.

1987-03-00T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Bayesian Probabilities and the Histories Algebra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We attempt a justification of a generalisation of the consistent histories programme using a notion of probability that is valid for all complete sets of history propositions. This consists of introducing Cox's axioms of probability theory and showing that our candidate notion of probability obeys them. We also give a generalisation of Bayes' theorem and comment upon how Bayesianism should be useful for the quantum gravity/cosmology programmes.

Thomas Marlow

2006-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

362

Restoration and History: The Search for a Usable Environmental Past  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review: Restoration and History: The Search for a UsableEd). Restoration and History: The Search for a Usable87176-1. Restoration and History: The Search for a Usable

Mathoor, Vineeth

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Suspended futures : the Vietnamization of South Vietnamese history and memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Peter. “The Archive. ” History & Memory, Volume 17, NumberFrancis. 1992. The End of History and the Last Man. NewPress. _____. “The End of History? ” The ational Interest. (

Bui, Long Thanh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Outsider Crossings: History, Culture, and Geography of Mexicali's Chinese Community  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B. Cartographic Mexico: A History of State Fixations and1998): 13-14. Ding, Chiang. A History of Straits SettlementsLandscapes as Public History. Cambridge: The MIT Press,

Chang, Jason Oliver

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Jewish Social History in the Nineteenth And Early Twentieth Centuries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fundamental ambivalence of success in modern Jewish history.its Limits. Jewish Social History in the 19th and Early 20thof trend-setting works on the history of the Jews and anti-

Rürup, Reinhard

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Crossing the Divide: A Case Study of Cross-Cultural Organizational Culture and Leadership Perceptions in a Faith-Based Non-Profit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For this qualitative research a single case study was conducted of a faith-based non-profit organization, Health Education and Literacy Providers (H.E.L.P.), which operates simultaneously in the United States and Nigeria. The purpose of this study was to explore the cross-cultural leadership phenomena occurring within H.E.L.P. and to provide evaluation services and research data to the American members of H.E.L.P. Participants included a sample of the American board members, Nigerian board members, and Nigerian employees. Three data collection methods were used to achieve triangulation including participant observations, interviews, and analysis of documents. The first research objective was to investigate the cross-cultural leadership context by analyzing the organizational culture of H.E.L.P. in Nigeria. Results revealed H.E.L.P. was designed by American board members to operate as a bureaucratic culture with an emphasis on a business-like structure, centralized authority, compartmentalization, and efficiency. The Nigerian board members and employees, however, expressed a desire for a supportive culture that focused on love and harmony uncovering a discrepancy between American and Nigerian preferences in organizational culture typology. The results from the Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness (GLOBE) study were referenced to provide a cultural explanation for variations in organizational culture preferences. According to GLOBE study findings, the United States ranked higher on performance orientation meaning Americans are more likely to value results above people, ambition, and competitiveness, and explains the American?s desire for a bureaucratic organizational culture. Nigeria ranked behind the United States as a lower performance oriented society meaning individuals place high value on relationships and harmony, explaining their desire for a supportive culture. The second and third research objectives were to determine how H.E.L.P.'s Nigerian members perceive effective leadership within their culture, and determine how the Nigerians? definition of effective leadership supports or refutes the literature on prevalent Westernized leadership theories. Results indicated the overarching leadership theme perceived to be effective by the Nigerian members of H.E.L.P. was love. Several aspects of a loving leader were evident in the data and divided into five categories each with one subcategory. These findings supported both Transformational and Authentic leadership theories.

Muenich, Joelle 1987-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Building Technologies Program: History of Federal Appliance Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History of Federal History of Federal Appliance Standards to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Program: History of Federal Appliance Standards on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Program: History of Federal Appliance Standards on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Program: History of Federal Appliance Standards on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Program: History of Federal Appliance Standards on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Program: History of Federal Appliance Standards on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Program: History of Federal Appliance Standards on AddThis.com... About Standards & Test Procedures Implementation, Certification & Enforcement Rulemakings & Notices Further Guidance ENERGY STAR® Popular Links

368

Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History History of the Weatherization Assistance Program to someone by E-mail Share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on Facebook Tweet about Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on Twitter Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on Google Bookmark Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on Delicious Rank Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on Digg Find More places to share Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: History of the Weatherization Assistance Program on AddThis.com...

369

Managed Annihilation: An Unnatural History of the Newfoundland Cod Collapse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

History of the Newfoundland Cod Collapse By Dean BavingtonHistory of the Newfoundland Cod Collapse. Vancouver, BC:happened with the Newfoundland cod fisheries collapse, made

Jenkins, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Early History of Networks Basis for Modern Communication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HA.1 Internet history and architecture HA.2 PSTN history and architecture HA.3 SCADA networks overview HA.4 Other networks

James P. G. Sterbenz; James P. G. Sterbenz; James P. G. Sterbenz; James P. G. Sterbenz; James P. G. Sterbenz

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Teaching the nation: politics and pedagogy in Australian history.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??There is considerable anxiety about teaching Australian history in schools. In part, such concern reflects the so-called "History Wars", which have been played out in… (more)

Clark, Anna

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

The History of the Problem - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The History of the Problem. [Annotate] .... [an error occurred while processing this directive] Let us return to the history of projective planes. Now that we have a ...

373

The history of computing from punched cards to petaflops  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2013 All Issues submit The history of computing from punched cards to petaflops Nuclear weapons drives the history of computing March 25, 2013 Graphic showing computing...

374

FCPower Case Study Data | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » FCPower Case Study Data Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: FCPower Case Study Data Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Energy Partner: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Hydrogen Topics: Finance Resource Type: Case studies/examples, Dataset, Lessons learned/best practices, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.hydrogen.energy.gov/cf/fc_power_analysis_model_data.cfm RelatedTo: Fuel Cell Power (FCPower) Model FCPower Case Study Data Screenshot References: Fuel Cell Power Model Case Study Data[1]

375

Labs and Field Site Histories | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Historical Resources » Labs Historical Resources » Labs and Field Site Histories Labs and Field Site Histories Labs and Field Site Histories Note: Every effort is made to keep these links current and updated. Yet as many of the links below point to sites not under our direct control, some may stop working without warning . National Laboratories & Technology Centers Operations Offices & Field Sites Ames Laboratory (Iowa) -- History Chicago Office (Illinois) -- History Argonne National Laboratory (Illinois) -- Laboratory History and Timeline Fernald Environmental Management Project (Ohio) -- Site History Brookhaven National Laboratory (New York) -- Tour Brookhaven's History Grand Junction (Colorado) -- Site Description and History (pdf - less than 1MB) Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Illinois) -- History Idaho Operations Office (Idaho) -- Site History

376

The History of Human Bondage and An Instructional Strategy Resource Guide for Teaching History through the Humanities.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis focuses on the history of human bondage through historiography and original research and provides an instructional strategy resource guide for teaching history… (more)

Insalaco, David L.

377

History and Impacts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appliance & Equipment Standards » About » History and Impacts Appliance & Equipment Standards » About » History and Impacts History and Impacts Appliance and equipment efficiency standards have served as one of the nation's most effective policies for improving energy efficiency. The first standards were enacted at the state level in California in 1974. At the national level, the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) was enacted in 1975, and established a federal program consisting of test procedures, labeling, and energy targets for consumer products. EPCA was amended in 1979 and directed the Department of Energy (DOE) to establish energy conservation standards for consumer products. The National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987 established minimum efficiency standards for many common household appliances. Congress set

378

SPEAR History | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SPEAR History SPEAR History Experimental Facilities : The SPEAR Storage Ring Stanford University has a long history of involvement in the development and use of colliding-beam storage rings for particle physics research. The first such machine at Stanford was a small electron-electron collider, shaped like a figure eight, located on the main campus. A collaborative effort between physicists from Princeton and Stanford Universities, this project produced the first physics results ever obtained with the colliding-beam technique. Stanford Positron Electron Accelerating Ring The next in the succession of Stanford colliders was the SPEAR (Stanford Positron Electron Accelerating Ring) machine at SLAC, completed in 1972. SPEAR consists of a single ring some 80 meters in diameter, in which counter-rotating beams of electrons

379

The Life History of a Pond  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History of a Pond History of a Pond Nature Bulletin No. 617 November 12, 1960 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Daniel Ryan, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor David H. Thompson, Senior Naturalist THE LIFE HISTORY OF A POND In the Palos division of the Forest Preserve District there is an extraordinary number of ponds and sloughs Many were created by damming the outlets from wet places; some were originally farm ponds that we have restored. The largest and probably oldest pond is located in Swallow Cliff Woods, west of the picnic area in a grove of white pines planted about 40 years ago. The pond is dying. Like most others, if undisturbed, after fifty years or so it will be forgotten because in its place there will be trees willows, cottonwoods, soft maples, and probably swamp white and bur oaks. Indeed, at one time it had already filled up until, after being drained by tile, corn was grown there.

380

Environmental Justice History | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Justice History Justice History Environmental Justice History The exact start of the environmental justice movement in America is not clear. Local groups have complained about unwanted land uses for decades. Prior to the early eighties, these local protests were considered isolated and protesting communities were complaining by themselves and not associated with others similarly situated in other communities. This isolated protesting all changed in the early 1980's and the environmental justice movement became a national social and racial protest that galvanized communities across the country seeking social justice and environmental protection. The initial environmental justice spark sprang from a Warren County, North Carolina, protest. In 1982, a small, predominately African-American community was designated to host a hazardous

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

History of Research Reactors at Brookhaven  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History of Research Reactors at Brookhaven History of Research Reactors at Brookhaven Brookhaven National Laboratory has three nuclear reactors on its site that were used for scientific research. The reactors are all shut down, and the Laboratory is addressing environmental issues associated with their operations. photo of BGRR Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor - Beginning operations in 1950, the graphite reactor was used for research in medicine, biology, chemistry, physics and nuclear engineering. One of the most significant achievements at this facility was the development of technetium-99m, a radiopharmaceutical widely used to image almost any organ in the body. The graphite reactor was shut down in 1969. Parts of it have been decommissioned, with the remainder to be addressed by 2011. More history

382

Comparison of Ensemble Kalman Filter–Based Forecasts to Traditional Ensemble and Deterministic Forecasts for a Case Study of Banded Snow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) technique is compared to other modeling approaches for a case study of banded snow. The forecasts include a 12- and 3-km grid-spaced deterministic forecast (D12 and D3), a 12-km 30-member ensemble (E12), and a 12-...

Astrid Suarez; Heather Dawn Reeves; Dustan Wheatley; Michael Coniglio

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

A History of Building 828, Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the history of Building 828 in Sandia National Laboratories' Technical Area I. Building 828 was constructed in 1946 as a mechanical test laboratory for Los Alamos' Z-Division (later Sandia) as it moved to Sandia Base. The building has undergone significant remodeling over the years and has had a variety of occupants. The building was evaluated in compliance with the National Historic Preservation Act, but was not eligible for the National Register of Historic Places. Nevertheless, for many Labs employees, it was a symbol of Sandia's roots in World War II and the Manhattan Project.

Ullrich, Rebecca

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

A History of Building 828, Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the history of Building 828 in Sandia National Laboratories' Technical Area I. Building 828 was constructed in 1946 as a mechanical test laboratory for Los Alamos' Z-Division (later Sandia) as it moved to Sandia Base. The building has undergone significant remodeling over the years and has had a variety of occupants. The building was evaluated in compliance with the National Historic Preservation Act, but was not eligible for the National Register of Historic Places. Nevertheless, for many Labs employees, it was a symbol of Sandia's roots in World War II and the Manhattan Project.

Ullrich, Rebecca

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

WHAT DO DARK MATTER HALO PROPERTIES TELL US ABOUT THEIR MASS ASSEMBLY HISTORIES?  

SciTech Connect

Individual dark matter halos in cosmological simulations vary widely in their detailed structural properties, properties such as concentration, shape, spin, and degree of internal relaxation. Recent non-parametric (principal component) analyses suggest that a few principal components explain a large fraction of the scatter in these structural properties. The main principal component is closely aligned with concentration, which in turn is known to be related to the mass accretion history (MAH) of the halo, as described by its merger tree. Here, we examine more generally the connection between the MAH and structural parameters. The space of mass accretion histories has principal components of its own. The strongest, accounting for almost 60% of the scatter between individual histories, can be interpreted as the age of the system. We give an analytic fit for this first component, which provides a rigorous way of defining the dynamical age of a halo. The second strongest component, representing acceleration or deceleration of growth at late times, accounts for 25% of the scatter. Relating structural parameters to formation history, we find that concentration correlates strongly with the early history of the halo, while shape and degree of relaxation or dynamical equilibrium correlate with the later history. We examine the inferences about formation history that can be drawn by splitting halos into sub-samples based on observable properties such as concentration and shape. Applications include the definition young and old samples of galaxy clusters in a quantitative way, or empirical tests of environmental processing rates in clusters.

Wong, Anson W. C.; Taylor, James E., E-mail: a57wong@uwaterloo.ca, E-mail: taylor@uwaterloo.ca [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada)

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

386

Large-scale magnetic fields, curvature fluctuations and the thermal history of the Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that gravitating magnetic fields affect the evolution of curvature perturbations in a way that is reminiscent of a pristine non-adiabatic pressure fluctuation. The gauge-invariant evolution of curvature perturbations is used to constrain the magnetic power spectrum. Depending on the essential features of the thermodynamic history of the Universe, the explicit derivation of the bound is modified. The theoretical uncertainty in the constraints on the magnetic energy spectrum is assessed by comparing the results obtained in the case of the conventional thermal history with the estimates stemming from less conventional (but phenomenologically allowed) post-inflationary evolutions.

Massimo Giovannini

2007-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

387

History of German Language Dermatology (Geschichte der deutschschprachigen Dermatologie)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vargas School of Medicine, Central University of Venezuela,Caracas, Venezuela History of German Language Dermatology (

Goihman-Yahr, Mauricio

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

History of Science 157 Sociology of Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 History of Science 157 Sociology of Science Fall 2009 Steven Shapin Science Center 469 Tuesdays to thinking about science, its historical development, its relations to society and other forms of culture: Science Center 451 Office hours: Mondays 8:30 -> 10.15, or by arrangement #12;2 E-mail: shapin

Shapin, Steven

389

Digital Resource History Through a Cultural Lens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ME Sharpe’s two highly regarded history series for young adults, the United States History and Culture Collection and the Global History and Culture Collection, are now available online as Sharpe Online Reference (SOLR). Containing the full text of 18 multi-volume print encyclopedias, this polished reference source includes more than 7,000 signed articles and thousands of illustrations, maps, and primary source documents. SHARPE ONLINE REFERENCE www.sharpe-online.com Grade Level Best suited for high school and undergraduate students. Cost The sets are pricey, but titles can be purchased individually to suit local needs. Single titles range in price from $199 to $399, and savings can be realized with multiple-title or whole series purchases. For example, a single school building or a public library serving a population of less than 50,000 can purchase the 14-title United States History and Culture Collection for $2,700 rather than the $3,645 per title price. ME Sharpe’s one-time purchase pricing model is sure to appeal to librarians. Yes, libraries that purchase Sharpe Online Reference own it. There’s no annual licensing fee; revisions and annual updates are included in the purchase price. Call (800) 541-6563 for pricing for larger districts and libraries.

unknown authors

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

The history of nuclear weapon safety devices  

SciTech Connect

The paper presents the history of safety devices used in nuclear weapons from the early days of separables to the latest advancements in MicroElectroMechanical Systems (MEMS). Although the paper focuses on devices, the principles of Enhanced Nuclear Detonation Safety implementation will also be presented.

Plummer, D.W.; Greenwood, W.H.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

SPRING 2012 The History Of Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 of 4 SPRING 2012 The History Of Brazil MONDAY, WEDNESDAY, FRIDAY, 11:50 TO 12:40 HPR, RM. W117 of Brazil. It begins with Portuguese colonization in the sixteenth century, traces the development, dictatorship, and democratization. It ends with Brazil's twenty-first century transformation into one

Utah, University of

392

Reactor power history from fission product signatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this research was to identify fission product signatures that could be used to uniquely identify a specific spent fuel assembly in order to improve international safeguards. This capability would help prevent and deter potential diversion of spent fuel for a nuclear weapons program. The power history experienced by a fuel assembly is distinct and could serve as the basis of a method for unique identification. Using fission product concentrations to characterize the assembly power history would limit the ability of a proliferator to deceive the identification method. As part of the work completed, the TransLat lattice physics code was successfully benchmarked for fuel depletion. By developing analytical models for potential monitor isotopes an understanding was built of how specific isotope characteristics affect the production and destruction mechanisms that determine fission product concentration. With this knowledge potential monitor isotopes were selected and tested for concentration differences as a result of power history variations. Signature ratios were found to have significant concentration differences as a result of power history variations while maintaining a constant final burnup. A conceptual method for implementation of a fission product identification system was proposed in conclusion.

Sweeney, David J.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Seedskadee Participating Project Power Sales Rate History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Sales Rate History Updated: 1022009 Rate Schedule Effective Dates Energy (MillskWh) Capacity (kW-mo.) Combined (MillskWh) R4-F1 thru 474 3.000 1.275 6.000 UC-F1 4...

394

Oral Histories: Biophysicist Robert E. Rowland, Ph.D.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 HUMAN RADIATION STUDIES: REMEMBERING THE EARLY YEARS Oral History of Biophysicist Robert Edmund Rowland, Ph.D. Conducted January 27, 1995 United States Department of Energy Office of Human Radiation Experiments June 1995 CONTENTS Foreword Short Biography From College to Argonne National Laboratory Initial Argonne Interest in Elgin State Hospital Early Radium Injections at Elgin State Hospital Radium Studies by Argonne National Laboratory Medical Treatments Using Radium Research Into How Radium Deposits in Bone To University of Rochester for a Ph.D. Wartime Plutonium Injection by Metallurgical Laboratory Staff Director of the Radiological and Environmental Research Division Establishment of the National Center for Human Radiobiology Making Contact With Radium Cases for Follow-up

395

History & Reflections of Engineering at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

I thought it was important to relate how this project began. Jens Mahler, Mechanical Engineering Deputy Associate Director, recalls that during a discussion between him and Wally Decker, Wally suggested that he document the significant events and the organization of the Mechanical Engineering Department since 1952, i.e., write a history of Mechanical Engineering. Jens agreed that Wally should begin this effort. Upon learning of this, Dave Pehrson, Deputy Associate Director for Engineering, suggested that the History be expanded to include Electronics Engineering and that it be called A History of Engineering. Dave asked me to join Wally on this effort and, unfortunately, Wally died shortly after I started. In the first part of this History, I have attempted to capture the important contributions that Engineering has made to the Programs, since Engineering's primary mission is to provide ''support to the Laboratory Programs.'' In the later parts you will find views discussing the development and application of Engineering's technology base. While Engineering's direct programmatic support had first priority, Engineering had other responsibilities as well. Some of these were to hire and train a competent technical and leadership staff, to anticipate and develop engineering technologies for future use by the Programs, to provide support to institutional activities, to be the vehicle for internal technology transfer, to provide for the movement of personnel between Programs, to groom individuals to assume programmatic and institutional leadership positions, and to develop, operate, and maintain facilities. Engineering developed the reputation as ''the flywheel of the Laboratory.'' It was also known as willing to provide people for tasks broader than just primarily technical roles, such as membership on salary review committees, and members and chairs of the student policy committees and safety groups. This History is not a compilation of facts only but a reflection by many individuals of what they viewed as important contributions during their careers at the Laboratory. I thank them all for taking the time to write their inputs to this document. Finally, I want to acknowledge all the former and current members of Engineering: engineers, associates, coordinators, drafters and designers, technicians, administrators and clerical, who in their own way made Engineering what it is. For after all is said and done, Engineering's primary assets were and are its people.

Lafranchi, E

2002-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

396

Community Based Renewable Energy Production Incentive (Pilot...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Community Based Renewable Energy Production Incentive (Pilot Program) (Maine) This is the approved revision of this...

397

Case No. VBH-0060  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

60 60 November 1, 2001 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner:Robert Burd Date of Filing:March 27, 2001 Case Number: VBH-0060 This Decision addresses the complaint filed by Robert Burd (Complainant) against his former employer, Mason and Hangar Corporation (the employer), pursuant to the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Complainant alleges that the employer wrongfully terminated him for raising safety concerns. For the reasons set forth below, the complaint will be granted. I. Procedural History Complainant filed his Part 708 complaint on October 13, 2000 with the DOE Albuquerque Operations Office (DOE/AOO). At all times relevant to the complaint, the employer was the primary management and

398

Modified blame-based noise reduction for concept drift  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Competence enhancement plays an important role in case-base editing. Traditional competence enhancement methods tend to omit the evolving nature of a case-based learner, but take the whole case-base as a static training set. This may seriously delay ... Keywords: case-base editing, case-base maintenance, case-based reasoning, competence enhancement, concept drift

Ning Lu; Guangquan Zhang; Jie Lu

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Difficulties with Correcting Radar Rainfall Estimates Based on Rain Gauge Data: A Case Study of Severe Weather in Montana on 16–17 June 2007  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The principal source of information for operational flash flood monitoring and warning issuance is weather radar–based quantitative estimates of precipitation. Rain gauges are considered truth for the purposes of validating and calibrating real-...

Steven V. Vasiloff; Kenneth W. Howard; Jian Zhang

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

,=SIGR AKD PROL'UEim HISTORY OF  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

=SIGR AKD PROL'UEim HISTORY =SIGR AKD PROL'UEim HISTORY /----------. OF u. 9, coliTRAcT w-74l2-FZG-1 Dcprtrnent of Energy Savannah R' ber Operations Of fii PCIBOXA Aiken. South Carolina 29801 B. I. du Pant de Neraure sad Company Alken, SC 2980s Dear Nr. Becheyars volume II, Design and Pmcurernurt Eistory of B&ford Engineer Work# and cliuton Sed-Worka, baa been reviewed for declssslficatim ln reapouae to a request fma 6. U. 0'lUs.r. xnltial revi& request was fa-aln L. ?. shal?nn&, AES, wl.ldngtoo, tq 6. n. O' P.ear. I have determiaed Volume If, Design sad ProcurePent Ehtoq of Nanford Enginaar works and ClAnton Semi-Works, may be declaseified. Aomrdingly, by my authority, Volume II is declassified effeotive Hay 4, 1964. Volume II h& bean deterdaed to contdn~ Section148 infonzation~ however, olswe lthasnotbeenreviewed

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

A History of the Southeastern Power Administration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Southeastern Power Administration Southeastern Power Administration 1990-2010 SERVING SOUTHEAST the Distribu teD by us Department of energy southeastern Power Administration 2012 A History of the Southeastern Power Administration 1990-2010 SERVING SOUTHEAST the ii Project contribu tors Sponsor us Department of energy, southeastern Power Administration Contracting Agency us Army corps of engineers, Mobile District Author Patricia stallings, brockington and Associates, inc. Design and Editing john cason and Alicia sullivan, brockington and Associates, inc. iii AcknowleDgeMents The author gratefully acknowledges the efforts of many individuals who contributed to make this history possible. Mrs. Melissa chastain sease initiated the project and worked tirelessly to facilitate an excellent research environment and also established an efficient

402

Roadmap to the Project: Oral Histories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search HREX Multimedia Related Sites Feedback Search HREX Multimedia Related Sites Feedback DOE Roadmap Experiments List Oral Histories Records Series Descriptions Overview Documents Declassified Documents Project Events ACHRE Report Uranium Miners Resources Building Public Trust Department of Defense Report Human Radiation Experiments Oral Histories Health Physicist William J. Bair, Ph.D. covers the University of Rochester's radiation biology program; Bair's radionuclide inhalation research at Hanford Site; and his management of Hanford's Biology Department and Life Sciences Program. Biochemist Waldo E. Cohn, Ph.D. covers Cohn's wartime work as Biochemistry Group leader at the University of Chicago's Metallurgical Laboratory and his tenure at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, where he helped shape America's postwar isotope production and distribution policy.

403

History and future of spark ignition engines  

SciTech Connect

A report on the history and future of spark ignition engines for automobile propulsion is presented, with particular emphasis on their environmental impact. Topics covered include: factors affecting early decisions in favor of spark ignition engines and influencing continued reliance on spark ignition engines; the early history of automobile engines, including propulsion by steam, electricity, spark ignition, and diesel power; and contemporary alternative power sources such as the stratified charge engine and the Wankel rotary combustion engine. There appear to be no equivalents in knowledge, experience, or data with alternative engine designs to allow for the prediction that a change from spark ignition propulsion to one of the possible alternatives would be beneficial either in terms of emission reduction or performance and fuel economy. The stratified charge engine, however, appears to offer great promise for adequate emission control with good fuel economy and performance characteristics; moreover, it has the significant advantage of being an incremental change from the current spark ignition engine.

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Nuclear reactor characteristics and operational history  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1. Capacity and Generation, Table 3. Characteristics and Operational History 1. Capacity and Generation, Table 3. Characteristics and Operational History Table 2. U.S. Nuclear Reactor Ownership Data PDF XLS Plant/Reactor Name Generator ID Utility Name - Operator Owner Name % Owned Arkansas Nuclear One 1 Entergy Arkansas Inc Entergy Arkansas Inc 100 Arkansas Nuclear One 2 Entergy Arkansas Inc Entergy Arkansas Inc 100 Beaver Valley 1 FirstEnergy Nuclear Operating Company FirstEnergy Nuclear Generation Corp 100 Beaver Valley 2 FirstEnergy Nuclear Operating Company FirstEnergy Nuclear Generation Corp 100 Braidwood Generation Station 1 Exelon Nuclear Exelon Nuclear 100 Braidwood Generation Station 2 Exelon Nuclear Exelon Nuclear 100 Browns Ferry 1 Tennessee Valley Authority Tennessee Valley Authority 100

405

A curiously short history of game art  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Starting in the late mid-1990s, a group of artists in Europe, Australia and the United States began exploring the use of videogame technologies and cultural tropes to create Game Art, or more clearly stated, art made from videogames. Works like Bernstrup ... Keywords: Cory Arcangel, JODI, appropriation, art history, artgames, cultural reception, curation, exhibition, game art, game hacks, game mods, media art, museum, performative interventions, videogame technology

John Sharp

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Quantum random walks with history dependence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a multi-coin discrete quantum random walk where the amplitude for a coin flip depends upon previous tosses. Although the corresponding classical random walk is unbiased, a bias can be introduced into the quantum walk by varying the history dependence. By mixing the biased random walk with an unbiased one, the direction of the bias can be reversed leading to a new quantum version of Parrondo's paradox.

Adrian P. Flitney; Derek Abbott; Neil F. Johnson

2003-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

407

Synopsis of History of American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 1958-2008  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To provide a synopsis of the history of the association of radiation oncologists in the United States, currently known as the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO), with the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the organization. Methods and Materials: The history of ASTRO, from its beginning as the American Club of Therapeutic Radiologists, is the subject of a book that is to be released with the occasion of the 50th Annual Meeting of the Society in 2008. This book was prepared by members of ASTRO's History Committee and History Working Subcommittee. The source material for the book was the archives of the Society and recorded interviews, conducted by members of the subcommittee, of members of the Society and of the past and present Society staff. The book was also based on previously published material. This article used the source material used for the Society anniversary book. Results: This synopsis of the history of the Society will provide a source of reference for anyone interested in the history of the Society from its foundation in 1958 to the present, 2008.

Montana, Gustavo S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)], E-mail: gustavo.montana@duke.edu

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

The Palos Preserves: Part One -- Their History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

One -- Their History One -- Their History Nature Bulletin No. 710 March 23, 1963 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor THE PALOS PRESERVES - PART ONE : THEIR HISTORY . The Palos forest preserves now comprise approximately 13,750 acres of the most hilly, wooded and scenic parts of Cook county, and include almost 100 lakes, ponds and sloughs. They occupy 10,051 acres in Palos township. The remaining 3700 acres are situated in the adjoining townships of Orland, Lemont and Lyons. In 1850, when Cook county was organized into 27 townships -- now there are 38 -- one of them was called Trenton. After the first election its township board changed the name to Palos. Reputedly, that was suggested by Melanchon A. Powell, one of the earliest settlers and first postmaster of Palos (originally "Orange") because of a tradition that one of his ancestors had been a member of the crew on one of the ships commanded by Christopher Columbus when they sailed from Palos de Frontera in 1492. Palo, in Spanish, may mean a tall tree, the mast of a ship, or a promontory. Palos de Frontera was a seaport beneath a promontory on the Gulf of Cadiz, about 45 miles from Seville.

409

A MCDM-based expert system for climate-change impact assessment and adaptation planning - A case study for the Georgia Basin, Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An MCDM-based expert system was developed to tackle the interrelationships between the climate change and the adaptation policies in terms of water resources management in the Georgia Basin, Canada. User interfaces of the developed expert system, named ... Keywords: Adaptation, Climate change, Georgia Basin, MCDM, Policy analysis, Water resources

X. S. Qin; G. H. Huang; A. Chakma; X. H. Nie; Q. G. Lin

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

An assessment framework based on social perspectives and Analytic Hierarchy Process: A case study on sustainability in the Japanese concrete industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research introduces a framework for assessing concrete sustainability which is based upon the concept that technology is defined by stakeholders' perspectives and which applied Analytic Hierarchy Process to translate these perspectives into quantifiable ... Keywords: Analytic Hierarchy Process, Concrete, Construction, O31, O32, Sociology of technology, Sustainability

Michael Henry; Yoshitaka Kato

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

The effect of oil revenues instability on the oil-based and labor-exporting economies: The case of the Arab region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The changes in the trend of the oil-export earnings in the oil-based economics not only affected the growth of the domestic economics not only affected the growth of the domestic economies but influenced the economic activities in the neighboring labor-exporting economies. This study investigates and tests the hypothesis that uncertainty associated with fluctuations in oil-export earnings affect adversely the economic growth in the oil-based economies of the Middle East. In addition, it seeks to examine the hypothesis that the impact of such fluctuations has been transmitted to the neighboring labor-exporting economies, during the period 1970-1986. Results show that oil-export instability does indeed create a wave of fluctuations in the domestic economic activity of the oil-based economies through the negative effect on investment, government spending, and domestic output. For the labor-exporting economies, results suggest that the flow of workers' remittances have had a positive impact on investment and income growth. Results also indicate that the rate of economic growth in the oil-based economies sets a broad limit on the range of feasible growth in the labor-exporting economies.

Al-Abbasi, M.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Cooperative Modeling and Design History Tracking Using Design Tracking Matrix  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis suggests a new framework for cooperative modeling which supports concurrency design protocol with a design history tracking function. The proposed framework allows designers to work together while eliminating design conflicts and redundancies, and preventing infeasible designs. This framework provides methods to track optimal design path and redundant design history in the overall design process. This cooperative modeling architecture consists of a modeling server and voxel-based multi-client design tool. Design change among server and multiple clients are executed using the proposed concurrency design protocol. The design steps are tracked and analyzed using Design Tracking Graph and Design Tracking Matrix (DTM), which provide a design data exchange algorithm allowing seamless integration of design modifications between participating designers. This framework can be used for effective cooperative modeling, and helps identify and eliminate conflicts and minimize delay. The proposed algorithm supports effective cooperative design functions. First, it provides a method to obtain the optimal design path which can be stored in a design library and utilized in the future design. Second, it helps capture modeling pattern which can be used for analyzing designer's performance. Finally, obtained redundancies can be used to evaluate designer?s design efficiency.

Kim, Jonghyun

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

NETL: Coal & Power Systems - Brief History of Coal Use  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History of Coal Coal & Power Systems Brief History of Coal Use Steam Locomotive In the 1800s, one of the primary uses of coal was to fuel steam engines used to power locomotives....

414

A Brief History of the Chemistry Department -Part II  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

geniuses during the great #12;A brief history, continued porn poge I the world, among them -Barcelona

Kounaves, Samuel P.

415

NIST - Version history of the fundamental constants database  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Version history These are the 2010 CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants, the latest CODATA values available. ...

416

On the history of fourth order metric theories of gravitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the history of fourth order metric theories of gravitation from its beginning in 1918 until 1988.

R. Schimming; H. -J. Schmidt

2004-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

417

TWO SENSOR SYSTEM FOR A SOLUTE AGE AND TEMPERATURE HISTORY  

the aging period Can determine absolute age independently of temperature history Suitable for emplacement on circuit boards Numerous commercial ...

418

Research between natural and cultural history information: Benefits and IT-requirements for transdisciplinarity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article describes an approach to transdisciplinary information integration employing a core ontology. Information is modeled here with an ontology based on the CIDOC-Conceptual Reference Model (ISO 21127). When instantiated with some realistic examples ... Keywords: ISO 21127, Interdisciplinary research, biodiversity, crossdisciplinary search, cultural heritage, georeferencing, information integration, museums, natural history, ontologies, semantic enrichment, system requirements, transdisciplinarity

Karl-Heinz Lampe; Klaus Riede; Martin Doerr

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Comparison between two common collocation approaches based on radial basis functions for the case of heat transfer equations arising in porous medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper two common collocation approaches based on radial basis functions have been considered; one be computed through the integration process (IRBF) and one be computed through the differentiation process (DRBF). We investigated the two approaches on natural convection heat transfer equations embedded in porous medium which are of great importance in the design of canisters for nuclear wastes disposal. Numerical results show that the IRBF be performed much better than the common DRBF, and show good accuracy and high rate of convergence of IRBF process.

K. Parand; S. Abbasbandy; S. Kazem; A. R. Rezaei

2010-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

420

Fuel Cell Power Model Version 2: Startup Guide, System Designs, and Case Studies. Modeling Electricity, Heat, and Hydrogen Generation from Fuel Cell-Based Distributed Energy Systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This guide helps users get started with the U.S. Department of Energy/National Renewable Energy Laboratory Fuel Cell Power (FCPower) Model Version 2, which is a Microsoft Excel workbook that analyzes the technical and economic aspects of high-temperature fuel cell-based distributed energy systems with the aim of providing consistent, transparent, comparable results. This type of energy system would provide onsite-generated heat and electricity to large end users such as hospitals and office complexes. The hydrogen produced could be used for fueling vehicles or stored for later conversion to electricity.

Steward, D.; Penev, M.; Saur, G.; Becker, W.; Zuboy, J.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Comparison between two common collocation approaches based on radial basis functions for the case of heat transfer equations arising in porous medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper two common collocation approaches based on radial basis functions have been considered; one be computed through the integration process (IRBF) and one be computed through the differentiation process (DRBF). We investigated the two approaches on natural convection heat transfer equations embedded in porous medium which are of great importance in the design of canisters for nuclear wastes disposal. Numerical results show that the IRBF be performed much better than the common DRBF, and show good accuracy and high rate of convergence of IRBF process.

Parand, K; Kazem, S; Rezaei, A R; 10.1016/j.cnsns.2010.07.011

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Automatic history matching in petroleum reservoirs using the TSVD method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

History matching is an important inverse problem extensively used to estimate petrophysical properties of an oil reservoir by matching a numerical simulation to the reservoir's history of oil production. In this work, we present a method for the ... Keywords: TSVD, adjoint formulation, history matching, optimization, reservoir simulation

Elisa Portes dos Santos Amorim; Paulo Goldfeld; Flavio Dickstein; Rodrigo Weber dos Santos; Carolina Ribeiro Xavier

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Course Syllabus Natural History of Alaska SC 110, 4 units  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AGES 8­13 National Museum of American History Discover! Meet Kit Kittredge: 1934, Cincinnati, Ohio throughout history. How do photographs record your history? Meet Julie Albright: 1974, San Francisco Julie uses the wool they have stored to weave blankets to sell. Josefina learns to weave and helps her

Loso, Michael G.

424

The Manhattan Project: An Interactive History  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Leslie Groves and J. Robert Oppenheimer In a national survey at the turn of the millennium, both journalists and the public ranked the dropping of the atomic bomb and the end of the Second World War as the top news stories of the twentieth-century. The advent of nuclear weapons, made possible by the Manhattan Project, not only helped bring an end to the Second World War-it ushered in the atomic age and determined how the next war, the Cold War, would be fought. The Manhattan Project: An Interactive History is intended to provide a comprehensive overview of the Manhattan Project. Five main topical areas-Events, People, Places, Processes, and Science-are further divided into sub-sections, each with an introductory page and as many as a dozen or more sub-pages. The site is interactive in the sense that it is designed with the flexibility to meet the needs of a variety of users. Those seeking a brief overview of the Manhattan Project, for example, should start with the introductory pages for the eight sub-sections of the Events Section. Users wanting a more in-depth chronological history should read, in order, the fifty-six Events sub-pages. Numerous internal links within the content of the pages allows the reader to easily move from page to page, wherever his or her interests lead. There are thus multiple ways for the user to approach the site. In addition, the Resources Section provides access to a variety of resource materials, including photos, documents, maps, and published histories.

425

The pre-history of quantum computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main ideas behind developments in the theory and technology of quantum computation were formulated in the late 1970s and early 1980s by two physicists in the West and a mathematician in the former Soviet Union. It is not generally known in the West that the subject has roots in the Russian technical literature. The author hopes to present as impartial a synthesis as possible of the early history of thought on this subject. The role of reversible and irreversible computational processes is examined briefly as it relates to the origins of quantum computing and the so-called Information Paradox in physics.

P. H. Potgieter

2004-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

426

Oral Histories: Health Physicist William J. Bair, Ph.D.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 HUMAN RADIATION STUDIES: REMEMBERING THE EARLY YEARS Oral History of Health Physicist William J. Bair, Ph.D. Conducted October 14, 1994 United States Department of Energy Office of Human Radiation Experiments June 1995 CONTENTS Foreword Short Biography Graduate Studies at University of Rochester AEC-Funded Research at University of Rochester Use of Human Subjects at University of Rochester AEC Direction of University of Rochester Research Contacts With Researchers Into Radiation Effects No Knowledge of Uranium Injections at Rochester Beginning a Career at Hanford Radionuclide Inhalation Studies at Hanford Use of Animals in Radiation Studies Identifying Health Effects of Inhaled Radionuclides Expanded Customer Base for Inhalation Studies Limited Involvement With Human Studies

427

Building Technologies Office: History and Impacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History and Impacts History and Impacts Appliance and equipment efficiency standards have served as one of the nation's most effective policies for improving energy efficiency. The first standards were enacted at the state level in California in 1974. At the national level, the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) was enacted in 1975, and established a federal program consisting of test procedures, labeling, and energy targets for consumer products. EPCA was amended in 1979 and directed the Department of Energy (DOE) to establish energy conservation standards for consumer products. The National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987 established minimum efficiency standards for many common household appliances. Congress set initial federal energy efficiency standards and established schedules for DOE to review and update these standards. The Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct) added standards for some fluorescent and incandescent reflector lamps, plumbing products, electric motors, commercial water heaters, and heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. EPAct also allowed for the future development of standards for many other products.

428

TESTING HOMOGENEITY WITH GALAXY STAR FORMATION HISTORIES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observationally confirming spatial homogeneity on sufficiently large cosmological scales is of importance to test one of the underpinning assumptions of cosmology, and is also imperative for correctly interpreting dark energy. A challenging aspect of this is that homogeneity must be probed inside our past light cone, while observations take place on the light cone. The star formation history (SFH) in the galaxy fossil record provides a novel way to do this. We calculate the SFH of stacked luminous red galaxy (LRG) spectra obtained from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We divide the LRG sample into 12 equal-area contiguous sky patches and 10 redshift slices (0.2 < z < 0.5), which correspond to 120 blocks of volume {approx}0.04 Gpc{sup 3}. Using the SFH in a time period that samples the history of the universe between look-back times 11.5 and 13.4 Gyr as a proxy for homogeneity, we calculate the posterior distribution for the excess large-scale variance due to inhomogeneity, and find that the most likely solution is no extra variance at all. At 95% credibility, there is no evidence of deviations larger than 5.8%.

Hoyle, Ben; Jimenez, Raul [Institut de Ciences del Cosmos (ICC), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Marti i Franques 1, E-08024 Barcelona (Spain); Tojeiro, Rita; Maartens, Roy [Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, University of Portsmouth, Dennis Sciama Building, Portsmouth PO1 3FX (United Kingdom); Heavens, Alan [Imperial Centre for Inference and Cosmology, Astrophysics Group, Imperial College London, Blackett Laboratory, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Clarkson, Chris [Astrophysics, Cosmology and Gravity Centre, and Department of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701 (South Africa)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Enforcement Cases  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

cases Office of the General Counsel 1000 cases Office of the General Counsel 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC, 20585 202-586-5281 en AeroSys: Order (2011-SCE-1624) http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/aerosys-order-2011-sce-1624 AeroSys: Order (2011-SCE-1624)

430

Case Study  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Case Study Case Study M2M Smart Grid Investment Grant 1 An irrigation pump connected to a web---to---wireless controller designed by M2M Communications. Agricultural Demand Response Program in California Helps Farmers Reduce Peak Electricity Usage, Operate More Efficiently Year---Round The development of a two---way, web---to---wireless controller for irrigation pumps is the foundation for an agricultural demand response program in California. Designed by M2M Communications of Boise, Idaho, the controller is part of an irrigation load control system that also includes sensors, smart meters, and other monitoring equipment. Partially funded with $2.2 million in Recovery Act stimulus funds awarded by the U.S. Department of

431

Case Number:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Name of Petitioner: Name of Petitioner: Date of Filing: Case Number: Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 JUL 2 2 2009 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Appeal Dean P. Dennis March 2, 2009 TBA-0072 Dean D. Dennis filed a complaint of retaliation under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Mr. Dennis alleged that he engaged in protected activity and that his employer, National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec ), subsequently terminated him. An Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Hearing Officer denied relief in Dean P. Dennis, Case No. TBH-0072, 1 and Mr. Dennis filed the instant appeal. As discussed below, the appeal is denied. I. Background The DOE established its Contractor Employee Protection Program to "safeguard public

432

Security Cases  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

security-cases Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 security-cases Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC, 20585 202-287-1566 en PSH-13-0103 - In the Matter of Personnel Security http://energy.gov/oha/downloads/psh-13-0103-matter-personnel-security PSH-13-0103 - In the Matter of Personnel Security

433

Whistleblower Cases  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

whistleblower-cases Office of Hearings and Appeals whistleblower-cases Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC, 20585 202-287-1566 en WBX-12-0004 - In the Matter of Denise Hunter http://energy.gov/oha/downloads/wbx-12-0004-matter-denise-hunter WBX-12-0004 - In the Matter of Denise Hunter

434

EIA Cases  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

eia-cases Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 eia-cases Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC, 20585 202-287-1566 en TEE-0073 - In the Matter of Cole Distributing, Inc. http://energy.gov/oha/downloads/tee-0073-matter-cole-distributing-inc TEE-0073 - In the Matter of Cole Distributing, Inc.

435

FOIA Cases  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

foia-cases Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 foia-cases Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC, 20585 202-287-1566 en FIA-13-0077 - In the Matter of John F. Garrity http://energy.gov/oha/downloads/fia-13-0077-matter-john-f-garrity FIA-13-0077 - In the Matter of John F. Garrity

436

NREL: Buildings Research - Building Physics Test Cases  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cases, the model inputs that describe the house are fixed by the test specification. The energy usage for the base case and energy savings for a number of retrofit measures are...

437

Life in an Energy Eigenstate: Decoherent Histories Analysis of a Model Timeless Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inspired by quantum cosmology, in which the wave function of the universe is annihilated by the total Hamiltonian, we consider the internal dynamics of a simple particle system in an energy eigenstate. Such a system does not possess a uniquely defined time parameter and all physical questions about it must be posed without reference to time. We consider in particular the question, what is the probability that the system's trajectory passes through a set of regions of configuration space without reference to time? We first consider the classical case, where the answer has a variety of forms in terms of a phase space probability distribution function. We then consider the quantum case, and we analyze this question using the decoherent histories approach to quantum theory, adapted to questions which do not involve time. When the histories are decoherent, the probabilities approximately coincide with the classical case, with the phase space probability distribution replaced by the Wigner function of the quantum state. For some initial states, decoherence requires an environment, and we compute the required influence functional and examine some of its properties. Special attention is given to the inner product used in the construction (the induced or Rieffel inner product), the construction of class operators describing the histories, and the extent to which reparametrization invariance is respected. Our results indicate that simple systems without an explicit time parameter may be quantized using the decoherent histories approach, and the expected classical limit extracted. The results support, for simple models, the usual heuristic proposals for the probability distribution function associated with a semiclassical wave function satisfying the Wheeler-DeWitt equation.

J. J. Halliwell; J. Thorwart

2002-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

438

Professor Emeritus John L. Heilbron, Department of History and Office for History of Science and Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the legacy of coal mining in southern West Virginia taken from the new book by Ken and Melanie Light.sunmt.org/dreamboalthall.html. Coal Hollow is an exhibit featuring black-and-white photographs and powerful oral histories chronicling a workshop where prosthetic limbs are carved from wood for those maimed by land mines. Photos from Cuba

Doudna, Jennifer A.

439

Correspondence Analysis, with Special Attention to the Analysis of Panel Data and Event History Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1985. "Homogeneity Analysis of Event History Data." Methodswith Statistical Event History Analysis We now compareM C A of event history analysis with statistical approaches,

Heyden, Peter van der; Leeuw, Jan de

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Engaging with the Past: Essays on History, Value, and Practical Reason  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Velleman, J. David. “Family History. ” Philosophical Papers361-80. Carr, E. H. What Is History? : Palgrave, 2001.Noel. “Interpretation, History, and Narrative. ” In Beyond

Matthes, Erich

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Excerpt from Global and Transnational History: The Past, Present, and Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Internationalization of History,” American HistoricalConceptualizing Global History (Boulder, Colorado, 1993), p.G. Hopkins, ed. , Global History: Interactions between the

Iriye, Akira

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Rising From a Placid Lake: China's Three Gorges at the Intersection of History, Aesthetics and Politics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2005. Berry, Michael. A History of Pain: Trauma in ModernHo Revisited. Values and History in Chinese Painting, II:Dominick. Writing History, Writing Trauma. Baltimore: Johns

Byrnes, Corey J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

American Vernacular: Popular Culture, Performance, and the Question of National History, 1871-1915  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nicolay. Abraham Lincoln: A History. New York: The CenturyRevolutionary Era: A Brief History with Documents, ed. Woodyand Weaving and also the History of These Industries. ” The

Milner, Gabriel Farren

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

The Modern History of Energy Conservation: An Overview for Information Professionals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Modern History Of Energy Conservation: An Overview forCONSERVATION? THE EARLY HISTORY OF ENERGY CONSERVATION THErelated terms. THE EARLY HISTORY OF ENERGY CONSERVATION The

Wulfinghoff, Donald R.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Aerosol properties computed from aircraft-based observations during the ACE-Asia campaign: 2. A case study of lidar ratio closure  

SciTech Connect

For a vertical profile with three distinct layers (marine boundary, pollution and dust layers), observed during the ACE-Asia campaign, we carried out a comparison between the modeled lidar ratio vertical profile and that obtained from co-located airborne NASA AATS-14 sunphotometer and shipborne Micro-Pulse Lidar (MPL) measurements. The vertically resolved lidar ratio was calculated from two size distribution vertical profiles – one obtained by inversion of sunphotometer-derived extinction spectra, and one measured in-situ – combined with the same refractive index model based on aerosol chemical composition. The aerosol model implies single scattering albedos of 0.78 – 0.81 and 0.93 – 0.96 at 0.523 ?m (the wavelength of the lidar measurements), in the pollution and dust layers, respectively. The lidar ratios calculated from the two size distribution profiles agree closely in the dust layer; they are however, significantly lower than the lidar ratios derived from combined lidar and sunphotometer measurements. Uncertainties in aerosol size distributions and refractive index only partly explain these differences, suggesting that particle nonsphericity in this layer is an additional explanation. In the pollution layer, the two size distribution profiles yield lidar ratios that agree within the estimated uncertainties. The retrieved size distributions result in a lidar ratio which is in closer agreement with that derived from lidar/sunphotometer measurements in this layer, with still large differences at certain altitudes (the largest relative difference was 46%). We explain these differences by non-uniqueness of the result of the size distribution retrieval, by a lack of information on the mixing state of particles, and the vertical variability of the particle refractive index.

Kuzmanoski, Maja; Box, M. A.; Schmid, Beat; Box, G. P.; Wang, Jian; Russel, P. R.; Bates, D.; Jonsson, Haf; Welton, E. J.; Seinfeld, J. H.

2007-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

446

Mysterious little particle has long Argonne history  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mysterious little particle has long Argonne Mysterious little particle has long Argonne history About Director's Welcome Organization Achievements Highlights Fact Sheets, Brochures & Other Documents Multimedia Library Visit Argonne Work with Argonne Contact us Nuclear Energy Why Nuclear Energy? Why are some people afraid of Nuclear Energy? How do nuclear reactors work? Cheaper & Safer Nuclear Energy Helping to Solve the Nuclear Waste Problem Nuclear Reactors Nuclear Reactors Early Exploration Training Reactors Basic and Applied Science Research LWR Technology Development BORAX-III lighting Arco, Idaho (Press Release) Heavy Water and Graphite Reactors Fast Reactor Technology Integral Fast Reactor Argonne Reactor Tree CP-1 70th Anniversary CP-1 70th Anniversary Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy

447

Oral Histories: Biochemist William D. Moss  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 9 HUMAN RADIATION STUDIES: REMEMBERING THE EARLY YEARS Oral History of Biochemist William D. Moss Conducted November 30, 1994 United States Department of Energy Office of Human Radiation Experiments September 1995 CONTENTS Foreword Short Biography Early Career at Los Alamos Early Development of Bioassay Tests to Measure Plutonium Exposure Developing Occupational Exposure Limits Exposure Accident Creates Need for More Sensitive Testing Long-Term Follow-Up Studies and the UPPU Club Wright Langham Joins the Los Alamos Health and Safety Group Langham Analyzes Results of Previous Plutonium and Polonium Injection Studies Langham Enacts Stringent Research Controls December 2, 1944 Memo Proposes Human Injection Study Polonium Studies at Rochester Los Alamos Analyzes Urine and Fecal Samples for 1945 Oak Ridge Injection Study

448

Archives and History Office: Records Schedules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Services > Records Schedules Services > Records Schedules Records Schedules Note: Some links on this page open pdf files, which require the free Acrobat Reader. SLAC Current Organizational Unit File Plans / Records Control Schedules For assistance in applying or developing a records schedule for your unit, please contact either the SLAC Archives and History Office (x3091 -- directorate and research records) or the SLAC Records Manager (x4342 -- business and safety records). Directorate Organizational Unit Applicable File Plans(s) / Records Control Schedule(s) Director's Office SLAC DO Schedule Advisor for Science and Technology DOE Administrative Records schedules and DOE R&D Schedule Chief Research Officer DOE Administrative Records schedules and DOE R&D Schedule Communications Office DOE Administrative Records schedules (particularly ADM14 and ADM21)

449

BNL | Our History: Reactors as Research Tools  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

> See also: Accelerators > See also: Accelerators Brookhaven History: Using Reactors as Research Tools BGRR Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor The Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor (BGRR) was the Laboratory's first big machine and the first peace-time reactor built in the United States following World War II. The reactor's primary mission was to produce neutrons for scientific experimentation and to refine reactor technology. At the time, the BGRR could accommodate more simultaneous experiments than any other reactor. Scientists and engineers from every corner of the U.S. came to use the reactor, which was not only a source of neutrons for experiments, but also an excellent training facility. Researchers used the BGRR's neutrons as tools for studying atomic nuclei and the structure of solids, and to investigate many physical, chemical and

450

Archives and History Office: Short Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Features > Short Features Features > Short Features Short Features in SLAC History 40th SLAC celebrated its 40th Anniversary in 2002 with a series of events and a photo book. 50th SLAC celebrated its 50th Anniversary in 2012 with a series of events and a special anniversary website: Celebrating 50 Years of Discovery. APS Burton Richter, Sid Drell , Martin Perl , and Herman Winick made presentations at the American Physical Society (APS) Centennial Celebration and Meeting ( March 20-26 1999). Angiogram The first synchrotron radiation coronary angiogram recorded on a human subject occurred in May 1986 at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (SSRL). BaBar BaBar was dedicated on August 13, 1999. Beam Trees Beam trees are not actually beams or trees. Blue Book The Blue Book is a SLAC classic written to document for posterity the design and building of SLAC's two-mile accelerator. Available in full-text from the SLAC Library.

451

Nuclear reactor characteristics and operational history  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nuclear > U.S. reactor operation status tables Nuclear > U.S. reactor operation status tables Nuclear Reactor Operational Status Tables Release date: November 22, 2011 Next release date: November 2012 See also: Table 2. Ownership Data, Table 3. Characteristics and Operational History Table 1. Nuclear Reactor, State, Type, Net Capacity, Generation, and Capacity Factor PDF XLS Plant/Reactor Name Generator ID State Type 2009 Summer Capacity Net MW(e)1 2010 Annual Generation Net MWh2 Capacity Factor Percent3 Arkansas Nuclear One 1 AR PWR 842 6,607,090 90 Arkansas Nuclear One 2 AR PWR 993 8,415,588 97 Beaver Valley 1 PA PWR 892 7,119,413 91 Beaver Valley 2 PA PWR 885 7,874,151 102 Braidwood Generation Station 1 IL PWR 1,178 9,196,689 89

452

History of Rocky Flats waste streams  

SciTech Connect

An analysis of the waste streams at Rocky Flats was done to provide information for the Waste Certification program. This program has involved studying the types and amounts of retrievable transuranic (TRU) waste from Rocky Flats that is stored at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The information can be used to estimate the types and amounts of waste that will need to be permanently stored in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The study covered mostly the eight-year period from June 1971 to June 1979. The types, amounts, and plutonium content of TRU waste and the areas or operations responsible for generating the waste are summarized in this waste stream history report. From the period studied, a total of 24,546,153 lbs of waste containing 211,148 g of plutonium currently occupies 709,497 cu ft of storage space at INEL.

Luckett, L.L.; Dickman, A.A.; Wells, C.R.; Vickery, D.J.

1982-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

453

The Livermore Phantom History and Supplementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In vivo monitoring facilities determine the absence or presence of internally entrained radionuclides. To be of greatest utility, the detection systems must detect and quantify the nuclides of interest at levels of interest. Phantoms have been developed to improve measurements at in vivo monitoring facilities. Since the 1970s, the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL, or simply "Livermore") phantom continues to be a well-used tool at lung monitoring facilities, especially for the detection of low-energy emissions from transuranics. The history of its development from need, through design development and current availability, is summarized. The authors have taken the LLNL phantom one step further by scanning the phantom surface and announce the availability of the scan files on the internet.

Snyder, Sandra F.; Traub, Richard J.

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

New Constraints on the Early Expansion History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cosmic microwave background measurements have pushed to higher resolution, lower noise, and more sky coverage. These data enable a unique test of the early universe's expansion rate and constituents such as effective number of relativistic degrees of freedom and dark energy. Using the most recent data from Planck and WMAP9, we constrain the expansion history in a model independent manner from today back to redshift z=10^5. The Hubble parameter is mapped to a few percent precision, limiting early dark energy and extra relativistic degrees of freedom within a model independent approach to 2-16% and 0.71 equivalent neutrino species respectively (95% CL). Within dark radiation, barotropic aether, and Doran-Robbers models, the early dark energy constraints are 3.3%, 1.9%, 1.2% respectively.

Hojjati, Alireza; Samsing, Johan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

A History of the Atomic Energy Commission  

SciTech Connect

This pamphlet traces the history of the US Atomic Energy Commission's twenty-eight year stewardship of the Nation's nuclear energy program, from the signing of the Atomic Energy Act on August 1, 1946 to the signing of the Energy Reorganization Act on October 11, 1974. The Commission's early concentration on the military atom produced sophisticated nuclear weapons for the Nation's defense and made possible the creation of a fleet of nuclear submarines and surface ships. Extensive research in the nuclear sciences resulted in the widespread application of nuclear technology for scientific, medical and industrial purposes, while the passage of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 made possible the development of a nuclear industry, and enabled the United States to share the new technology with other nations.

Buck, A.L.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Nuclear reactor characteristics and operational history  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Nuclear > U.S. reactor operation status tables Nuclear > U.S. reactor operation status tables Nuclear Reactor Operational Status Tables Release date: November 22, 2011 Next release date: November 2012 See also: Table 1. Capacity and Generation, Table 2. Ownership Data Table 3. Nuclear Reactor Characteristics and Operational History PDF XLS Plant Name Generator ID Type Reactor Supplier and Model Construction Start Grid Connection Original Expiration Date License Renewal Application License Renewal Issued Extended Expiration Arkansas Nuclear One 1 PWR Babcock&Wilcox, Lower Loop 10/1/1968 8/17/1974 5/20/2014 2/1/2000 6/20/2001 5/20/2034 Arkansas Nuclear One 2 PWR Combustion Eng. 7/1/1971 12/26/1978 7/17/2018 10/15/2003 6/30/2005 7/17/2038

457

Use of time history speckle pattern and pulsed photoacoustic techniques to detect the self-accommodating transformation in a Cu-Al-Ni shape memory alloy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Continuous and pulsed electromagnetic radiation was used to detect the self-accommodation mechanism on a polycrystalline Cu-13.83 wt.%Al-2.34 wt.%Ni shape memory alloy. Rectangular samples of this alloy were mechanically polished to observe the austenite and martensite phases. The samples were cooled in liquid nitrogen prior to the experiments to obtain the martensite phase. Using a dynamic speckle technique with a continuous wave laser we obtained the time history of the speckle pattern image and monitored the surface changes caused by the self-accommodation mechanism during the inverse (martensitic to austenitic) transformation. Using a photoacoustic technique based on a pulsed laser source it was also possible to detect the self-accommodation phenomena in a bulk sample. For comparison purposes, we used differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) to detect the critical temperatures of transformation and use these as reference to evaluate the performance of the optical and photoacoustical techniques. In all cases, the same range of temperature was obtained during the inverse transformation. From these results, we conclude that time history speckle pattern (THSP) and pulsed photoacoustic are complementary techniques; they are non-destructive and useful to detect surface and bulk martensitic transformation induced by a temperature change.

Sanchez-Arevalo, F.M., E-mail: fsanchez@iim.unam.mx [CCADET - Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, A.P. 70-186, Mexico D.F., C.P. 04510 (Mexico); Aldama-Reyna, W. [Departamento Academico de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, Trujillo (Peru); Lara-Rodriguez, A.G. [Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico); Garcia-Fernandez, T. [Universidad Autonoma de la Ciudad de Mexico (UACM), Prolongacion San Isidro 151, Col. San Lorenzo Tezonco, Mexico DF, C.P. 09790 (Mexico); Pulos, G. [Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico); Trivi, M. [Centro de Investigaciones Opticas, Universidad de la Plata (Argentina); Villagran-Muniz, M. [CCADET - Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, A.P. 70-186, Mexico D.F., C.P. 04510 (Mexico)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

458

The Star Formation History in a Hierarchical Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observations now probe the star formation history of the Universe back to a redshift of $z\\sim5$. We investigate whether the predictions of semi-analytic models of galaxy formation based on hierarchical Cold Dark Matter (CDM) type models are in agreement with these direct observations and also with the ``fossil'' evidence contained in constraints on the ages of present day early-type galaxies. Previous models predicted that the star formation rate density falls off rather steeply at $z\\ga 2$, and correspondingly that the majority of the stars in the Universe formed at relatively low redshift. We investigate the effect of including a bursting mode of star formation, assuming that galaxy-galaxy mergers trigger starbursts and using the merger rate that arises naturally in the CDM merging hierarchy. The resulting starbursts substantially increase the global star formation rate at high redshift, leading to predictions that are in good agreement with the star formation rate density at $z\\sim3$ obtained from sub-millimeter observations (SCUBA) and optical/UV estimates after correction for dust extinction. The mass of stars formed at $z \\ge 3$ is correspondingly in better agreement with the fossil evidence. We also investigate complementary global quantities such as the mass of cold gas and the average metallicity of cold gas as a function of redshift, and the integrated extra-galactic background light. We argue that these observations, taken together, provide strong constraints on the star formation history of the Universe, and that hierarchical models of the CDM type are in reasonable agreement with these observations when starbursts are included.

Rachel S. Somerville; Joel R. Primack

1998-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

459

The History of the Light Bulb | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The History of the Light Bulb The History of the Light Bulb The History of the Light Bulb November 22, 2013 - 1:00pm Addthis History of the Light Bulb Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Daniel Wood Daniel Wood Data Integration Specialist What are the key facts? Like all great inventions, the light bulb can't be credited to one inventor. It was a series of small improvements on the ideas of previous inventors that have led to the light bulbs we use in our homes today. Learn more about the history of the incandescent light bulb. Explore the history of fluorescent lights, from the Geissler tube to CFLs. Read about the advancements in LED lights. More than 150 years ago, inventors began working on a bright idea that would have a dramatic impact on how we use energy in our homes and offices.

460

National Museum of Nuclear Science & History Opens WIPP Exhibit |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Museum of Nuclear Science & History Opens WIPP Exhibit Museum of Nuclear Science & History Opens WIPP Exhibit National Museum of Nuclear Science & History Opens WIPP Exhibit November 22, 2011 - 3:17pm Addthis To celebrate the WIPP's 10,000th shipment of defense-related TRU waste, the National Museum of Nuclear Science & History added a new exhibit, which includes one the receptacles, pictured above, used by the Energy Department to ship transuranic (TRU) waste from sites located across the country to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in New Mexico. | Photo courtesy of the National Museum of Nuclear Science & History To celebrate the WIPP's 10,000th shipment of defense-related TRU waste, the National Museum of Nuclear Science & History added a new exhibit, which includes one the receptacles, pictured above, used by the Energy Department

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Office of Secure Transportation History | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

History | National Nuclear Security History | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Office of Secure Transportation History Home > About Us > Our Programs > Defense Programs > Office of Secure Transportation > Office of Secure Transportation History Office of Secure Transportation History Since 1947, NNSA and its predecessor agencies have moved nuclear weapons,

462

The History of the Light Bulb | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The History of the Light Bulb The History of the Light Bulb The History of the Light Bulb November 22, 2013 - 1:00pm Addthis History of the Light Bulb Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Daniel Wood Daniel Wood Data Integration Specialist What are the key facts? Like all great inventions, the light bulb can't be credited to one inventor. It was a series of small improvements on the ideas of previous inventors that have led to the light bulbs we use in our homes today. Learn more about the history of the incandescent light bulb. Explore the history of fluorescent lights, from the Geissler tube to CFLs. Read about the advancements in LED lights. More than 150 years ago, inventors began working on a bright idea that would have a dramatic impact on how we use energy in our homes and offices.

463

Celebrating Women's History Month: Marie Curie | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Women's History Month: Marie Curie Women's History Month: Marie Curie Celebrating Women's History Month: Marie Curie March 4, 2011 - 12:30pm Addthis Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science It's Women's History Month and this year's theme, according to the National Women's History Project, is "Our History Is Our Strength." We'll be celebrating that strength all month on the Energy Blog to highlight the remarkable women of science (and the Energy Department!) and their achievements - past, present, and future. (It's also the International Year of Chemistry, so BYOB . . . Bring Your Own Beaker.) It's fitting to begin this celebration with a salute to the first woman to receive a doctorate in France, the discoverer of two elements, the first person to win two Nobel Prizes and the mother of another winner. It's

464

Renewable Electricity Purchases: History and Recent Developments  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This article presents an analysis of prices of renewable-based electricity that utilities have paid to nonutilities, the primary generators of renewable electricity.

Information Center

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Geological History of Lake Lahontan, a Quaternary Lake of Northwestern...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Monograph M11 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Geological History of Lake Lahontan, a Quaternary Lake of Northwestern...

466

The Chemical Enrichment History of the Magellanic Clouds Field Populations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the results of our project devoted to study the chemical enrichment history of the field population in the Magellanic Clouds using Ca II triplet spectroscopy.

R. Carrera; C. Gallart; A. Aparicio; E. Costa; E. Hardy; R. A. Mendez; N. E. D. Noel; R. Zinn

2008-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

467

Maintaining History of the ARM Climate Research Facility Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maintaining History of the ARM Climate Research Facility Data Koontz, Annette Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Sivaraman, Chitra Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Martin,...

468

Growth History Of Kilauea Inferred From Volatile Concentrations...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Growth History Of Kilauea Inferred From Volatile Concentrations In Submarine-Collected Basalts Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Growth...

469

1 Abstract. 2 History 3 Poster - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 History. Bernoulli numbers were rst introduced by Jacques Bernoulli (1654- 1705), in. the second part of his treatise published in 1713, Ars conjectandi (\\Art of ...

470

Archives and History Office: Laura O'Hara  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

or intrinsically valuable records of SLAC Facilitate access to the records and history of SLAC Presentations & Publicationss Rowing Against the Tide: Archival Processing at...

471

A History of ?Direct Search? Methods - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. A History of ?Direct Search? Methods. Mason Macklem. Department of Mathematics. Simon Fraser University. May 1, 2003 msmackle@cecm.sfu.ca.

472

Re-articulating history: historical play, nation, text.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This dissertation was divided into two parts. In the first part questions of representation and textuality in the discipline of history will be explored… (more)

Van Bever Donker, Maurits Michiel.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

A history of the Mississippi Freedom Schools, 1954 – 1965.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The purpose of this dissertation is to provide a history of the 1964 Mississippi Freedom Schools. The primary research questions ask why and how… (more)

Hale, Jon N.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Segment of Smithsonian Video history interview - December 1987  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 In 1987, Stanley Goldberg, consulting historian for the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History conducted interviews in the Kennedy Maxwell Productions Studio located...

475

Oral Histories: Pathologist Clarence Lushbaugh, M.D.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 HUMAN RADIATION STUDIES: REMEMBERING THE EARLY YEARS Oral History of Pathologist Clarence Lushbaugh, M.D. Conducted October 5, 1994 United States Department of Energy Office of...

476

History of The Department of Energy's National Laboratories  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 2000) LANL Achievements Listing of National Labs Top National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) About NETL NETL: History NETL: Mission and Overview NETL...

477

Thermomagnetic History Dependence of the First-order ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The refrigeration capacity associated with the thermomagnetic history is also ... of Pore Characteristics on the Mechanical Properties of Porous Commercial Pure ...

478

FY 2014 Funding History Detail Spreadsheet | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Balances Reports Budget Environmental & ES&H Liabilities Financial Management Handbook LDR&D Annual Reports Testimony DOEFundingHistory.xlsx Description FY 2014 Funding...

479

Energy sources have changed throughout the history of the ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy consumption patterns have changed significantly over the history of the United States as new energy sources have been developed and as uses of energy changed.

480

Interconnection Standards As Policy Innovations: An Event History Analysis .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??At this time in our nation's history, which is characterized by an increasingly polarized and slow moving Congress, many American states have taken important policy… (more)

[No author

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "history base case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Two-Sensor System for Absolute Age and Temperature History  

absolute age and/or temperature history of a device or system starting from the time it is assembled or commissioned. Ideally this information could ...

482

Homogeneous decoherence functionals in standard and history quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

General history quantum theories are quantum theories without a globally defined notion of time. Decoherence functionals represent the states in the history approach and are defined as certain bivariate complex-valued functionals on the space of all histories. However, in practical situations -- for instance in the history formulation of standard quantum mechanics -- there often is a global time direction and the homogeneous decoherence functionals are specified by their values on the subspace of homogeneous histories. In this work we study the analytic properties of (i) the standard decoherence functional in the history version of standard quantum mechanics and (ii) homogeneous decoherence functionals in general history theories. We restrict ourselves to the situation where the space of histories is given by the lattice of projections on some Hilbert space H. Among other things we prove the non-existence of a finitely valued extension for the standard decoherence functional to the space of all histories, derive a representation for the standard decoherence functional as an unbounded quadratic form with a natural representation on a Hilbert space and prove the existence of an Isham-Linden-Schreckenberg (ILS) type representation for the standard decoherence functional.

Oliver Rudolph; J. D. M. Wright

1998-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

483

FACULTY OF ARTS & SCIENCE 2012/13 HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FACULTY OF ARTS & SCIENCE 2012/13 HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY www.hps.utoronto.ca The Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology provides a comprehensive program of undergraduate instruction in general history of science, history of biology, history of medicine, history

Toronto, University of

484

The Uneasy Case for Product Liability (co-authored with Steven Shavell)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

car engines. In the case of the Exxon Valdez oil spill, thein North American history, Exxon’s revenue actually rose inthe quarter after the spill. Exxon reported $22.2 billion in

Polinsky, A. Mitchell

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Community-Based Energy Development (C-BED) Tariff (Minnesota...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

with form History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Community-Based Energy Development (C-BED) Tariff (Minnesota) Production Incentive This is the approved...

486

Provo River Project Power Sales Rate History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Provo River Project Power Sales Rate History Updated: 12/20/2013 Rate Schedule Effective Dates Energy (Mills/kWh) Capacity ($/kW-mo.) Combined (Mills/kWh) Administrative Action 4/58 - 6/64 (Summer Season) 3.000 N.A. N.A. Administrative Action 10/58 - 4/64 (Winter Season) 4.500 N.A. N.A. Administrative Action 7/64 - 9/79 (Summer Season) 5.000 N.A. N.A. Administrative Action 10/64 - 9/79 (Winter Season) 3.000 N.A. N.A. Administrative Action 10/79 - 9/82 6.000 N.A. N.A. Administrative Action 10/82 - 9/90 6.850 N.A. N.A. Administrative Action 10/90 - 9/94 8.000 N.A. N.A. Administrative Action 10/94 - Present Installments N.A. N.A. Note: The Provo River Project sells energy only. As of October 1994, customers pay all OM&R expenses and in return, receive all the energy produced by the Project.

487

The Reionization History in the Lognormal Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the evolution of baryonic gas before the reionization in the lognormal (LN) model of cosmic clustering. We show that the thermal history of the universe around the reionization can roughly be divided into three epochs: 1) cold dark age $z>z_r$, in which baryon gas is neutral, and opaque to Ly$\\alpha$ photons; 2) hot dark age $z_r > z> z_{gp}$, in which a predominant part of baryon gas is ionized and hot, but it is still opaque to Ly$\\alpha$ photons; 3) bright age $zhistory naturally yields a high optical depth to the CMB $\\tau_e \\simeq 0.12 - 0.19$ observed by the TE polarization of the WMAP, and a low redshift $z_{gp}$ of the appearance of the Ly$\\alpha$ Gunn-Peterson trough $z_{gp} \\simeq 6 - 8$ in QSO's absorption spectra. The reason why the universe stays long in an ionized, yet Ly$\\alpha$ opaque, stage is because the first photo-ionization heats the intergalactic gas effectively and has balanced the gravitational clustering a long period of time. Therefore, the result of a high $\\tau_e$ and low $z_{gp}$ is a common feature of all the models considered. Besides the cosmological parameters, the only free parameter we used in the calculation is $N_{ion}$, the mean ionization photons produced by each baryon in collapsed objects. We take it to be 40 - 80 in the calculation.

Ji-Ren Liu; Li-Zhi Fang; Long-Long Feng; Hong-Guang Bi

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

488

SNS LINAC MODULATOR OPERATIONAL HISTORY AND PERFOMANCE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fourteen High Voltage Converter Modulators (HVCM) were initially installed at the Spallation Neutron Source Linear Accelerator (SNS Linac) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 2005. A fifteenth HVCM was added in 2009. Each modulator provides a pulse of up to 140 kV at a maximum width of 1.35 msec. Peak power level is 11 MW with an 8% duty factor. The HVCM system must be available for neutron production (NP) 24/7 with the exception being two, 6-week maintenance periods per year. HVCM reliability is one of the most important factors to maximize Linac availability and achieve SNS performance goals. During the last few years several modifications have been implemented to improve the overall system reliability. This paper presents operational history of the HVCM systems and examines failure mode statistical data since the modulators began operating at 60 Hz. System enhancements and upgrades aimed at providing long term reliable operation with minimal down time are also discussed in the paper.

Peplov, Vladimir V [ORNL; Anderson, David E [ORNL; Cutler, Roy I [ORNL; Hicks, Jim [ORNL; Saethre, Robert B [ORNL; Wezensky, Mark W [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Fuel Cost Savings Through Computer Control of a Boiler Complex - - Two Case Histories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses the growing need for energy efficiency in industry and describes a new, packaged approach to fuel optimization through direct digital control and accurate in-stack measurement of combustion products. Results are presented for a large pulp and paper mill complex in which multiple power boilers and turbine generators are controlled so as to meet the total energy demand of the mill at minimum cost. Also discussed are results from a second installation involving control of a combined bark and gas boiler, a gas package boiler and a turbine generator, including utility tie-line control.

Worthley, C. M.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

EVENT TREE ANALYSIS AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE: A CASE HISTORY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At the Savannah River Site (SRS), a Department of Energy (DOE) installation in west-central South Carolina there is a unique geologic stratum that exists at depth that has the potential to cause surface settlement resulting from a seismic event. In the past the particular stratum in question has been remediated via pressure grouting, however the benefits of remediation have always been debatable. Recently the SRS has attempted to frame the issue in terms of risk via an event tree or logic tree analysis. This paper describes that analysis, including the input data required.

Williams, R

2009-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

491

Handbook for Verification and Validation of Digital Systems, Volume 2: Case Histories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the increasing use of digital instrumentation and control systems in power plants, utilities must determine the dependability and predictability of such systems and their software. This updated handbook provides a comprehensive guide to help utilities understand the verification and validation (V&V) process. The handbook presents a graded approach to select convenient V&V methods, develop a V&V plan, generate necessary documentation, and conduct appropriate V&V activities.

1998-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

492

Gigabit chips: A case history of a transfer of federal technology  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the need for industry/government cooperation in developing new semiconductor technology. In order to increase memory density of chips from 1M bit, it is necessary to use a process other than optical lithography for production. The technique considered here is x-ray lithography. Industry is currently found to be unwilling or unable to finance research into this technology. If US industry is to remain competitive in the world semiconductor market, it is concluded that the government must cooperate and support work in this area. 16 refs. (JDH)

Marcuse, W.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Case history: Underbalance drilling the midway and Navarro formations successfully in Hallettsville, TX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Underbalanced drilling proves to be a sound and economical procedure with an average of $500 M being saved per well. An average reduction of 19 days to total depth has also been experienced with this method of drilling. The major advantages of drilling underbalanced are lower cost, reduced drilling days, and reduced trouble time (i.e., differential sticking and hole drag due to thick mud cake across shallow depleted Wilcox sands).

Louison, R.F.; Andrews, J.P.; Reese, R.T.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Computer optimization of refrigeration systems in a textile plant: A case history  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A process computer was installed in a large integrated nylon plant in 1976. This dedicated chilled water management system was designed to optimize the operation of chillers and to reduce their energy costs. The computer system was also configured to ... Keywords: Computer applications, control system analysis, energy control, modeling, optimal search techniques, process control

Chun H. Cho; Nelson Norden

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Case history of industrial plant steam system layup for direct-fired gas operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the facts of an industrial plant steam system layup for direct fired gas operations. Fuel price savings indicated that gas firing a paper dryer, the largest steam user in the plant, would pay for itself in one year. Conversion work is detailed. Primary gas distribution was achieved by using one line of the steam loop. Machine water heating, power venting, space heating, and air makeup heating, among other conversions, are also specified.

Stacy, G.N.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Case Histories of Alloy Usage in the CPI - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2010. Symposium, Applications and Experiences of Corrosion-Resistant Materials in the Chemical ...

497

Case history study of total energy system at Western Mall Shopping Center, Sioux Falls, South Dakota  

SciTech Connect

Western Mall Total Energy Plant in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, serves an enclosed mall shopping center of 462,000 ft/sup 2/. The plant provides most of the mall and tenants with electricity, space-heating, and air-conditioning services from a natural gas-fueled engine-generator plant with hot water heat recovery, supplementary gas-fueled boiler, and absorption water chiller. Heating load served by the plant is calculated to be 15,000,000 Btu at -30/sup 0/F winter design condition with 70/sup 0/F space temperature. Maximum observed cooling load at 100/sup 0/F, 75/sup 0/ W.B. outdoor conditions is about 750 tons of refrigeration. Engine heat is recovered in a water system operated at 210 to 240/sup 0/F; an auxiliary scotch marine type, firetype gas-fueled boiler provides up to 14,000,000 Btu/h or supplementary heat. Energy customers have recently begun to exercise considerable control over their uses of electricity with more careful operation of lighting and appliances and with some replacement of illumination devices with more-efficient equipment. It is concluded that central heating and air-conditioning facilities provide the owner with an assured means for serving the shopping center, regardless of which energy source is most economical or least available. The hot and chilled water can be obtained from gas fuel as at present, from fuel oil, propane, all electric, or coal firing. Adapting the conversion equipment is difficult only for coal because of the space requirement for storage and handling that fuel. The power-generating capacity in place is an asset that should be used to serve the tenants because it reduces the public utility company need for expanded capacity. (MCW)

1977-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Quantitative study of oilfield casing damage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carrying on the analysis to the cause of casing failure based on engineering factors and geological factors, and choosing the improved analytic hierarchy process to have a quantitative study for oilfield of the casing failure, improved the influence ... Keywords: analytical hierarchy process (AHP), casing damage, quantitative analysis

Deng Rui; Zhang Liang; Guo Haimin

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Another Ordinary Man: Computing and Networking History - Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book is a chronology of computing history from the African American point of view. I do not try to rewrite the history of technology. This is not an attempt to include unfounded findings. Everyone I included had made legitimate contributions to ...

Lawrence H. Hardy

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Condensed history Monte Carlo methods for photon transport problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study methods for accelerating Monte Carlo simulations that retain most of the accuracy of conventional Monte Carlo algorithms. These methods - called Condensed History (CH) methods - have been very successfully used to model the transport of ionizing ... Keywords: Condensed history models, Monte Carlo methods, Radiative transport equation

Katherine Bhan; Jerome Spanier

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z