Sample records for historical climatology network

  1. United States Historical Climatology Network (US HCN) monthly temperature and precipitation data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniels, R.C. [ed.] [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment and Resources Center] [ed.; Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment and Resources Center; Boden, T.A. [ed.] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [ed.; Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Easterling, D.R.; Karl, T.R.; Mason, E.H.; Hughes, P.Y.; Bowman, D.P. [National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC (United States)] [National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC (United States)

    1996-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes a database containing monthly temperature and precipitation data for 1221 stations in the contiguous United States. This network of stations, known as the United States Historical Climatology Network (US HCN), and the resulting database were compiled by the National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, North Carolina. These data represent the best available data from the United States for analyzing long-term climate trends on a regional scale. The data for most stations extend through December 31, 1994, and a majority of the station records are serially complete for at least 80 years. Unlike many data sets that have been used in past climate studies, these data have been adjusted to remove biases introduced by station moves, instrument changes, time-of-observation differences, and urbanization effects. These monthly data are available free of charge as a numeric data package (NDP) from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center. The NDP includes this document and 27 machine-readable data files consisting of supporting data files, a descriptive file, and computer access codes. This document describes how the stations in the US HCN were selected and how the data were processed, defines limitations and restrictions of the data, describes the format and contents of the magnetic media, and provides reprints of literature that discuss the editing and adjustment techniques used in the US HCN.

  2. Climatological data summary 1993 with historical data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoitink, D.J.; Burk, K.W.

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents the climatological data summary for calendar year 1993. It presents updated historical climatologies for temperature, wind, precipitation, and other miscellaneous meteorological parameters from the Hanford Meteorology Station (HMS) and Hanford Meteorological Monitoring Network. It also presents climatological normal and extreme values of temperature and precipitation for the HMS. Previous documents have included climatological data collected at the old Hanford Townsite, located approximately 10 miles east-northeast of the present HMS. The records for these two different sites have been frequently interchanged as if representing the same location. With the exception of Section 2.0, the remainder of this document uses data only from the HMS, with a period of record beginning December 7, 1944.

  3. Hanford Site climatological data summary 1996, with historical data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoitink, D.J.; Burk, K.W.

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents the climatological data measured at the US Department of Energy`s Hanford Site for calendar year 1996. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory operates the Hanford Meteorology Station and the Hanford Meteorological Monitoring Network from which these data were collected. The information includes updated historical climatologies for temperature, precipitation, normal and extreme values of temperature and precipitation, and other miscellaneous meteorological parameters.

  4. Hanford Site climatological data summary 1997, with historical data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoitink, D.J.; Burk, K.W.

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents the climatological data measured at the U.S. Department of Energy`s Hanford Site for calendar year 1997. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory operates the Hanford Meteorology Station and the Hanford Meteorological Monitoring Network from which these data were collected. The information contained herein includes updated historical climatologies for temperature, precipitation, normal and extreme values of temperature and precipitation, and other miscellaneous meteorological parameters. Further, the data are adjunct to and update Hoitink and Burk; however, Appendix B - Wind Climatology is excluded.

  5. The Global Historical Climatology Network: Long-term monthly temperature, precipitation, sea level pressure, and station pressure data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vose, R.S. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment and Resources Center; Schmoyer, R.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Steurer, P.M.; Peterson, T.C.; Heim, R.; Karl, T.R. [National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC (United States); Eischeid, J.K. [Colorado Univ., Boulder, CO (United States). Cooperative Inst. for Research in Environmental Sciences

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interest in global climate change has risen dramatically during the last several years. In a similar fashion, the number of data sets available to study global change has also increased. Unfortunately, these data sets have been compiled by many different organizations/researchers, making it confusing and time consuming for individual researchers to acquire the ``best`` data. In response to this rapid growth in the number of global data sets, the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) and the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) commenced the Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) project. The purpose of this project is to compile an improved global base-line data set of long-term monthly mean temperature, precipitation, sea level pressure, and station pressure for a dense network. of worldwide meteorological stations. Specifically, the GHCN project seeks to consolidate the numerous preexisting national-, regional-, and global-scale data sets into a single global climate data base that can be updated, enhanced, and distributed at regular intervals. The first version of the GHCN data base was completed during the summer of 1992. It contains 6039 temperature, 7533 precipitation, 1883 sea level pressure, and 1873 station pressure stations. All stations have at least 10 years of data, 40% have more than 50 years of data, and 10% have more than 100 years of data. Spatial coverage is good over most of the globe, particularly for the United States and central Europe. In comparison to other major global data sets, dramatic improvements are evident over South America, Africa, and Asia. The GHCN data base is available as a Numeric Data Package (NDP) from CDIAC. The NDP consists of this document and two magnetic tapes that contain machine-readable data files and accompanying retrieval codes. This document describes, in detail, both the GHCN data base and the contents of the magnetic tap

  6. The Global Historical Climatology Network: Long-term monthly temperature, precipitation, sea level pressure, and station pressure data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vose, R.S. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment and Resources Center); Schmoyer, R.L. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Steurer, P.M.; Peterson, T.C.; Heim, R.; Karl, T.R. (National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC (United States)); Eischeid, J.K. (Colorado Univ., Boulder, CO (United States). Cooperative Inst. for Research in Environmental Sciences)

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interest in global climate change has risen dramatically during the last several years. In a similar fashion, the number of data sets available to study global change has also increased. Unfortunately, these data sets have been compiled by many different organizations/researchers, making it confusing and time consuming for individual researchers to acquire the best'' data. In response to this rapid growth in the number of global data sets, the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) and the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) commenced the Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) project. The purpose of this project is to compile an improved global base-line data set of long-term monthly mean temperature, precipitation, sea level pressure, and station pressure for a dense network. of worldwide meteorological stations. Specifically, the GHCN project seeks to consolidate the numerous preexisting national-, regional-, and global-scale data sets into a single global climate data base that can be updated, enhanced, and distributed at regular intervals. The first version of the GHCN data base was completed during the summer of 1992. It contains 6039 temperature, 7533 precipitation, 1883 sea level pressure, and 1873 station pressure stations. All stations have at least 10 years of data, 40% have more than 50 years of data, and 10% have more than 100 years of data. Spatial coverage is good over most of the globe, particularly for the United States and central Europe. In comparison to other major global data sets, dramatic improvements are evident over South America, Africa, and Asia. The GHCN data base is available as a Numeric Data Package (NDP) from CDIAC. The NDP consists of this document and two magnetic tapes that contain machine-readable data files and accompanying retrieval codes. This document describes, in detail, both the GHCN data base and the contents of the magnetic tap

  7. Hanford Site Climatological Data Summary 1999 with Historical Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoitink, Dana J.; Burk, Kenneth W.; Ramsdell, James V.

    2000-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents the climatological data measured at the Hanford Site for claendar year 1999. The information contained includes updated historical climatologies for temperature, precipitation, normal and extreme values of temperature and precipitaion and other meteorological parameters.

  8. Hanford Site climatological data summary 1995 with historical data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoitink, D.J.; Burk, K.W.

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents the climatological data measured at the US Department of Energy`s Hanford Site for calendar year 1995. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory operates the Hanford Meteorology Station and the Hanford Meteorological Monitoring Network from which these data were collected. The information contained herein includes updated historical climatologies for temperature, precipitation, normal and extreme values of temperature and precipitation, and other miscellaneous meteorological parameters. Further, the data are adjunct to and update Hoitink and Burk (1994, 1995); however, Appendix B--Wind Climatology (1994) is excluded. 1995 was warmer than normal, averaging 54.7 F, 1.4 F above normal (53.3 F). For the 12-month period, 8 months were warmer than normal, and 4 were cooler than normal. 1995 was the wettest year on record. Precipitation totaled 12.31 in., 197% of normal (6.26 in.); snowfall totaled 7.7 in., compared to the normal of 13.8 in. The average wind speed during 1995 was 7.8 mph, 0.1 mph above normal (7.7 mph). The peak gust during the year was 61 mph from the south-southwest on December 12. There were 27 days with peak gusts {ge} 40 mph, compared to a yearly average of 26.

  9. Hanford Site climatological data summary 1999 with historical data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DJ Hoitink; KW Burk; JV Ramsdell

    2000-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents the climatological data measured at the US Department of Energy's Hanford Site for calendar year 1999. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory operates the Hanford Meteorology Station and the Hanford Meteorological Monitoring Network from which these data were collected. The information contained herein includes updated historical climatologies for temperature, precipitation, normal and extreme values of temperature and precipitation, and other miscellaneous meteorological parameters. Further, the data are adjunct to and update Hoitink et al. (1999), and Hoitink and Burk (1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998); however, Appendix B-Wind Climatology (1994) is excluded. 1999 was warmer than normal at the Hanford Meteorology Station with an average temperature of 54.4 F, 1.1 F above normal (53.3 F). The hottest temperature was 105 F on July 28, while the coldest was 18 F on January 3. The maximum temperature of 64 F on August 30 was the lowest maximum temperature ever recorded in August, while the maximum temperature of 76 F on November 13 was the highest maximum temperature ever recorded in November. For the 12-month period, 6 months were warmer than normal and 6 were cooler than normal. 1999 was the fourth driest year on record. Precipitation totaled 3.75 inches, 60% of normal (6.26 inches); snowfall totaled 0.6 inch, the least calendar year snowfall on record (compared to the normal of 13.8 inches). 1999 was the windiest year on record with an average wind speed of 8.8 mph, 1.1 mph above normal (7.7 mph). There were 48 days with peak gust {ge} 40 mph, compared to a yearly average of 26 mph. The peak gust during the year was 65 mph on February 6. The heating-degree days for 1998--1999 were 4,802 (8% below the 5,231 normal). Cooling-degree days for 1999 were 891 (10% below the 994 normal).

  10. Hanford Site Climatological Data Summary 2000 with Historical Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoitink, Dana J.; Burk, Kenneth W.; Ramsdell, James V.

    2001-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents the climatological data measured at the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site for calendar year 2000.

  11. Historical Network Maps

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh School football High SchoolBundles toHiring-TP59.01 C5;44 Network Maps

  12. ORISE: U.S. Historical Climatology Network (USHCN)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated CodesTransparencyDOENurseResourcesThe Value of

  13. Wireless Sensor Network for Monitoring of Historic Structures under Rehabilitation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuels, Julie Marie

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of a wireless sensor network (WSN) to monitor an historic structure under rehabilitation is the focus of this research. To thoroughly investigate the issue, two main objectives are addressed: the development of a reliable WSN tailored...

  14. Wireless Sensor Network for Monitoring of Historic Structures under Rehabilitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuels, Julie Marie

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of a wireless sensor network (WSN) to monitor an historic structure under rehabilitation is the focus of this research. To thoroughly investigate the issue, two main objectives are addressed: the development of a reliable WSN tailored...

  15. Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) Solar Radiation Monitoring Network

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) Solar Radiation Monitoring Network operated from November 1985 through December 1996. The six-station network provided 5-minute averaged measurements of global and diffuse horizontal solar irradiance. The data were processed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to improve the assessment of the solar radiation resources in the southeastern United States. Three of the stations also measured the direct-normal solar irradiance with a pyrheliometer mounted in an automatic sun tracker. All data are archived in the Standard Broadband Format (SBF) with quality-assessment indicators. Monthly data summaries and plots are also available for each month. In January 1997 the HBCU sites became part of the CONFRRM solar monitoring network.

  16. Climatology of extreme rainfall from rain gauges and weather radar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffelen, Ad

    by conventional rain gauge networks. A 10-year radar-based climatology of rainfall depths for durations of 15 minClimatology of extreme rainfall from rain gauges and weather radar Aart Overeem #12;Thesis:30 PM in the Aula #12;Aart Overeem Climatology of extreme rainfall from rain gauges and weather radar

  17. Cover sheet Real-time health monitoring of historic buildings with wireless sensor networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Picco, Gian Pietro

    Cover sheet Title: Real-time health monitoring of historic buildings with wireless sensor networks of a wireless sensor network (WSN) in Torre Aquila, a 31 meter-tall medieval tower located in the city of Trento agreement. INTRODUCTION Wireless sensors and wireless sensing networks, due to their low installation cost

  18. argentina historical records: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    argentina historical records First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 The record of historic...

  19. Hanford Site Climatological Data Summary 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DJ Hoitink; JV Ramsdell; KW Burk

    1999-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents the climatological data measured at the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site for calendar year 1998. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory operates the Hanford Meteorology Station and the Hanford Meteorological Monitoring Network from which these data were collected. The information contained herein includes updated historical climatologies for temperature; precipitation, normal and extreme values of temperature and precipitation and other miscellaneous meteorological parameters. Further, the data are adjunct to and update Hoitink and Burk (1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998); however, Appendix B--Wind Climatology (1994) is excluded. 1998 was much warmer than normal, tying 1992 as the warmest year on record. The average temperature was 56.4 F, 3.1 F above normal (53.3 F). The highest July temperature ever recorded was 112 F on July 27, 1998. The first week in May, three daily temperature records were broken or tied. November 1998 was the third warmest on record. For the year 1998, there were 73 days with maximum temperature >90 F, the third highest on record. For the 12-month period, 11 months were warmer than normal and 1 was cooler than normal. The summer (June, July, and August) and autumn (September, October, and November) of 1998 were the fourth warmest on record. 1998 was slightly wetter than normal. Precipitation totaled 6.45 in., 103% of normal (6.26 in.); snow-fall totaled 7.2 in., compared to the normal of 13.8 in. There were eight thunderstorms recorded at Hanford Meteorological Station in July 1998, tying 1983 for the most thunderstorms in July. The average wind speed during 1998 was 7.9 mph, 0.2 mph above normal (7.7 mph). There were 32 days with peak gusts {ge}40 mph, compared to a yearly average of 26 mph. The peak gust during the year was 56 mph from the south-southwest on November 21. November 1998 had a record number of days (10) with wind gusts {ge}40 mph. The heating-degree days for 1997-1998 were 4,523 (14% below the 5,231 normal). Cooling-degree days for 1998 were 1,377 (38% above the 994 normal).

  20. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY,VOL. 10,731-748 (1990) AN ICE-COVER CLIMATOLOGY FOR LAKE ERIE AND LAKE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    / INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY,VOL. 10,731-748 (1990) AN ICE-COVER CLIMATOLOGY FOR LAKE-lake Great Lakes ice cover are sparse prior to the decade of the 1960s.In an effort to provide an historical perspective of mid-lake ice cover back to the turn of the century, daily average ice cover for Lakes Erie

  1. In-vehicle communication networks -a historical perspective and review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navet, Nicolas

    as the emerging automotive networks is given. Next, the current eorts of the automotive industry on middleware . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 3.3 AUTOSAR - a standard for the automotive industry . . 32 3.3.1 The reference model on the proposals of the AUTOSAR consortium. Finally, we highlight future trends in the development of automotive

  2. Workshop report: planning for Coastal Climatologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gamble, Douglas W.

    : agriculture, coastal transportation, energy conservation and planning, environmental quality, fishery as stakeholder response and feedback received at the workshop. Based on stakeholder input, a coastal climatology

  3. Satellite Meteorology and Climatology Division Roadmap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuligowski, Bob

    Satellite Meteorology and Climatology Division Roadmap NOAA NESDIS Center for Satellite Applications and Research #12;SMCD Roadmap 2 NOAA/NESDIS/STAR Satellite Meteorology and Climatology Division Roadmap September 2005 NOAA Science Center, 5200 Auth Road, Room 712, Camp Springs, MD 20746 #12;SMCD

  4. Actor-Network Theory’s take on archaeological types: becoming, material agency, and historical explanation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Oyen, Astrid

    2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    , as they are articulated through different practices, in different settings. For example, the ‘single’ disease of atherosclerosis is defined differently under a microscope (as thickened cells) or in the consulting room (as pain when walking a certain distance) (Mol 2002... materials and access to transport networks are needed (Peacock 1982, 119-120). Suitable clay would have been fairly omnipresent, but large quantities of wood for fuel and access to water would have posed more logistical problems. A lack of wood supply has...

  5. A 10-year radar-based climatology of rainfall Aart Overeem, Iwan Holleman, Adri Buishand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffelen, Ad

    the derivation of a 10- year radar-based precipitation climatology for the Netherlands. Using rain gauges of the radar-based accumulations with an independent gauge network confirms the quality of the data set. Finally, the radar data are used to obtain exceedance probabilities and maximum rainfall depths. II. RADAR

  6. ARM: Surface Radiation Measurement Quality Control testing, including climatologically configurable limits

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Hodges, Gary; Stoffel, Tom; Kutchenreiter, Mark; Kay, Bev; Habte, Aron; Ritsche, Michael; Morris, Victor; Anderberg, Mary

    Surface Radiation Measurement Quality Control testing, including climatologically configurable limits

  7. 44 | Triennial Scientific Report Extreme rainfall climatology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffelen, Ad

    ,whichcan,forexample,be usedfordesignpurposesinwatermanagementorthe evaluationoftherarityofsevereweather. Radar and rain gauge data KNMIoperatestwo(MFBS). Raingaugesproducepointmeasurements,whereasradar KNMI has an archive of 11 years of radar rainfall depths for the entire land surface44 | Triennial Scientific Report Extreme rainfall climatology from weather radar Aart Overeem, Iwan

  8. Development of an ozone climatology for Harris County, Texas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balentine, H.W.; Carter, J.C. (Radian Corp., Austin, TX (USA)); Preston, J. (Tenneco Polymers, Houston, TX (US))

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Houston Regional Monitoring Corporation (HRM) has performed continuous ambient air quality and meteorological monitoring in the Ship Channel area of east Harris County since August 1981. The HRM monitoring network is one of the largest Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) approved Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) monitoring network in the United States operated by an industrial group. As an adjunct to its monitoring. HRM has funded extensive meteorological and statistical analyses of ozone monitoring data in Harris County. One of the goals of these studies was to determine those meteorological conditions responsible for the formation of elevated ozone concentrations in Harris County. The analyses performed included the use of principal component analysis and cluster analysis. These analysis techniques have individually been applied to ozone and air quality research problems. The combined use of these techniques in this analysis, however, is a unique application of these statistical tools to an ozone air quality analysis. As a result of these analyses, a climatology of those episodes conducive to elevated ozone formation in Harris County was developed.

  9. Contemporary Lake Superior Ice Cover Climatology Raymond A. Assel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Contemporary Lake Superior Ice Cover Climatology Raymond A. Assel NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Introduction A brief discussion of Lake Superior ice cover climatology (Phillips, 1978) was included) almost three decades ago. Much additional information (and analysis) of Great Lakes ice cover has been

  10. Predicting Daily Net Radiation Using Minimum Climatological Data1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Predicting Daily Net Radiation Using Minimum Climatological Data1 S. Irmak, M.ASCE2 ; A. Irmak3 ; J Abstract: Net radiation (Rn) is a key variable for computing reference evapotranspiration and is a driving for predicting daily Rn have been widely used. However, when the paucity of detailed climatological data

  11. Ozone Climatologies Figure 1: Ozone climatology for control run in kg/m(a), percentage change in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    Ozone Climatologies (a) (b) (c) Figure 1: Ozone climatology for control run in kg/mł(a), percentage change in ozone for the perturbed runs; tropopause region (b), whole stratosphere (c). Determining the impact of lower stratospheric ozone depletion on Southern Hemisphere climate Sarah P.E. Keeley and Nathan

  12. Applications of Climatology and Meteorology to Hydrologic Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, R. A.; O'Connor, G. E.

    TR-38 1971 Applications of Climatology and Meteorology to Hydrologic Simulation R.A. Clark G.E. O?Connor Texas Water Resources Institute Texas A&M University ...

  13. NOAA Technical Memorandum GLERL-135 Great Lakes Ice Cover Climatology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ____________________________________________________________________________ Great Lakes Ice Cover Climatology Update: Winters 2003, 2004, and 2005 Raymond A. Assel NOAA, Great..................................................................................................6 DATES OF FIRST (LAST) ICE AND ICE DURATION. .............................................................7 SEASONAL PROGRESSION OF ICE COVER

  14. Historical Natural Gas Annual

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 The Historical Natural Gas Annual contains historical information on supply and disposition of natural gas at the national, regional, and State level as well as prices at...

  15. Historical Natural Gas Annual

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6 The Historical Natural Gas Annual contains historical information on supply and disposition of natural gas at the national, regional, and State level as well as prices at...

  16. Historical Natural Gas Annual

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 The Historical Natural Gas Annual contains historical information on supply and disposition of natural gas at the national, regional, and State level as well as prices at...

  17. Harmonic analysis of climatological sea surface salinity Tim P. Boyer and Sydney Levitus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harmonic analysis of climatological sea surface salinity Tim P. Boyer and Sydney Levitus Ocean: Boyer, T. P., and S. Levitus, Harmonic analysis of climatological sea surface salinity, J. Geophys. Res

  18. Cloud frequency climatology at the Andes/Amazon transition: 1. Seasonal and diurnal cycles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malhi, Yadvinder

    Cloud frequency climatology at the Andes/Amazon transition: 1. Seasonal and diurnal cycles Kate-scale cloud patterns. We examine the cloud climatology of a tropical Andean montane region in the context Satellite Cloud Climatology Project) DX cloud product (1983­2008), MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging

  19. Hurricane Katrina, A Climatological Perspective October 2005, Updated August 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;1 Hurricane Katrina, A Climatological Perspective October 2005, Updated August 2006 1. Introduction Hurricane Katrina is the most costly natural disaster ever to strike the United States, and the deadliest since the Lake Okeechobee disaster (hurricane) of September, 1928. In addition, Katrina was one

  20. Wind Climatology Literature Review Jake Crouch October 12, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wind Climatology Literature Review Jake Crouch ­ October 12, 2010 The National Centers and climate forecast models and to monitor atmospheric phenomenon such as atmospheric winds, temperature dataset, including atmospheric winds, and set a precedent for using the dataset in a climate monitoring

  1. A Computer Tutorial for Great Lakes Ice Cover Climatology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Computer Tutorial for Great Lakes Ice Cover Climatology R.A. ASSELL U.S. Department of Commerce tutorial was developed to provide an overview of the annual ~ r e a fLakes ice cycle. The tutorial includes an animation to aid in visualizing the normal seasonal progression and the spatial patterns of ice cover

  2. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY Int. J. Climatol. (2013)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY Int. J. Climatol. (2013) Published online in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com) DOI: 10.1002/joc.3664 Remote influence of South Asian black carbon ABSTRACT: The remote impact of South Asian black carbon (SABC) aerosol on East Asian summer monsoon (EASM

  3. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY Int. J. Climatol. 34: 3648 (2014)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY Int. J. Climatol. 34: 36­48 (2014) Published online 11 February 2013 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com) DOI: 10.1002/joc.3664 Remote influence Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan ABSTRACT: The remote impact of South Asian black carbon (SABC) aerosol

  4. Climatology of Large Sediment Resuspension Events in Southern Lake Michigan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Climatology of Large Sediment Resuspension Events in Southern Lake Michigan David J. Schwab1 the southern basin, is subject to recurrent episodes of mas- sive sediment resuspension by storm-induced waves with the largest events are examined. Our analysis indicates that significant resuspension events in southern Lake

  5. The Historical Legacy 11 The Historical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Historical Legacy 11 The Historical Legacy Major Milestones The Accidents: A Nation's Tragedy mission of the Space Shuttle Program. Two days earlier, the launch had been scrubbed due to a computer and the goal was accomplished when Young landed the shuttle at Dryden Flight Research Center on the Edwards Air

  6. Reviews of computing technology: An overview of neural networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rainsford, A.E.

    1992-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses the historical background, models, computer hardware, and uses of neural networks. (LSP)

  7. Petroleum Marketing Annual Historical

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Historical 2009 Released August 2010 2008 Released August 2009 2007 Released August 2008 2006 Released August 2007 2005 Released August 2006 2004 Released August 2005 2003 Released...

  8. Technical analysis : neural network based pattern recognition of technical trading indicators, statistical evaluation of their predictive value and a historical overview of the field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasanhodzic, Jasmina, 1979-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We revisit the kernel regression based pattern recognition algorithm designed by Lo, Mamaysky, and Wang (2000) to extract nonlinear patterns from the noisy price data, and develop an analogous neural network based one. We ...

  9. WEST TEXAS HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    WEST TEXAS HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION Public History and Citizen Historians --Guardians of the Hidden Whitfield, Lubbock. Cover: "Stampede," by Tom Lea, El Paso 1940. #12;West Texas Historical Association 91stMurray University, "Black Gold: Larry Gatlin's West Texas Oil Patch Roots" Robert Reitz, Dallas, Texas, "Sputnik

  10. Forests and historic environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forests and historic environment UK Forestry Standard Guidelines #12;Key to symbols UKFS Reference number #12;Forests and historic environment Forestry Commission: Edinburgh UK Forestry Standard in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government Licence. To view this licence, visit: www

  11. Historic Building Renovations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    When a Federal agency undertakes a renovation to an historic building, the renovation team must consider not only the uses and needs of the facility, but also a range of issues related to historic preservation. Integrating renewable energy such as solar and wind into an historic renovation has been accomplished successfully by agencies; the design and placement of any renewable energy system must be closely integrated with the overall design plans. Any renewable energy additions must maintain the integrity and defining characteristics of the building.

  12. Historical Natural Gas Annual 1999

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1999 The Historical Natural Gas Annual contains historical information on supply and disposition of natural gas at the national, regional, and State level as well as prices at...

  13. Change in historic buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yin, Chien-Ni

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Change in historic buildings is inevitable. If these changes are not well-managed, the cityscape will be threatened because a city is composed of buildings. A good city should combine both growth and preservation. Controlling ...

  14. Wind shear climatology for large wind turbine generators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliott, D.L.; Wendell, L.L.; Heflick, S.K.

    1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Climatological wind shear analyses relevant to the design and operation of multimegawatt wind turbines are provided. Insight is provided for relating the wind experienced by a rotating blade in a shear flow to the analysis results. A simple analysis of the wind experienced by a rotating blade for three types of wind shear profiles under steady-state conditions is presented in graphical form. Comparisons of the magnitude and frequency of the variations in 1) the wind sensed by a single blade element, 2) the sum, and 3) the difference of the winds sensed by opposite blade elements show strong sensitivity to profile shape. These three items represent forcing functions that can be related to 1) flatwise bending moment, 2) torque on the shaft, and 3) teeter angle. A computer model was constructed to simulate rotational sampling of 10-s sampled winds from a tall tower for three different types of large wind turbines. Time series produced by the model indicated that the forcing functions on a rotating blade vary according to the shear profile encountered during each revolution as opposed to a profile derived from average wind conditions, e.g., hourly average winds. An analysis scheme was developed to establish a climatology of wind shear profiles derived from 10-s sampled winds and hourly average winds measured over a one-year period at several levels on a tall tower. Because of the sensitivity of the forcing function variability to profile shape, the analyses performed and presented are in the form of joint frequency distributions of velocity differences of the the top-to-hub versus the hub-to-bottom portion of disks of rotation for the three turbine configurations.

  15. Modeling of Polar Ocean Tides at the Last Glacial Maximum: Amplification, Sensitivity, and Climatological Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peltier, W. Richard

    , and Climatological Implications STEPHEN D. GRIFFITHS AND W. RICHARD PELTIER Department of Physics, University; Griffiths and Peltier 2008; Arbic et al. 2008). Such changes can impact the climate system in a variety

  16. Role of ammonia chemistry and coarse mode aerosols in global climatological inorganic aerosol distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zender, Charles

    1 Role of ammonia chemistry and coarse mode aerosols in global climatological inorganic aerosol distributions Chao Luo1 , Charles S. Zender1 , Huisheng Bian2 , Swen Metzger3 Abstract We use an inorganic aerosol thermodynamic equilibrium model

  17. A climatology of springtime convection systems over the Northwest Gulf of Mexico and adjacent coasts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hashem, Magda Sami

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Springtime (March 15-June 15) climatology of Mesoscale Convective Systems (MCS) has been established on the basis of satellite imagery and radar reflectivities over the Northwest Gulf of Mexico and adjacent coastal areas during 1985...

  18. Lagrangian methods for climatological analysis of regional atmospheric transport with an emphasis on Texas ozone exceedances 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dexheimer, Darielle Nicole

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A quantitative climatology of atmospheric transport in Texas is developed using previously described Lagrangian trajectory methods (Rogers and Bowman, 2001; Bowman and Carrie, 2002). The trajectories are computed using ...

  19. Appendix 7 - Historic Preservation Reporting Form

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Number 1910 - 5155 U.S. Department of Energy HISTORIC PRESERVATION REPORT Historic Preservation Reporting Period: Grant Number: ...

  20. II. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Since 1977 the University of Oregon Solar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    2 II. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Since 1977 the University of Oregon Solar Monitoring Laboratory has operated a solar radiation monitoring network in the Pacific Northwest. The number of stations participat of utilities headed by the Eugene Water and Electric Board initiated the Re- gional Solar Radiation Monitoring

  1. One Team ? A Historical Perspective

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Team - A Historical Perspective "One Team" is a concept that we have used since July 2014, as Consolidated Nuclear Security has completed the transition into the management and...

  2. Historic Preservation | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    from the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation outlining the PA. 2. Must state grantees of ARRA funds enter into a Prototype Programmatic Agreement (PA) as specified in the...

  3. Arctic-Winter Climatology and Radiative Effects of Clouds and Aerosols Based on Lidar and Radar Measurements at PEARL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eloranta, Edwin W.

    Arctic-Winter Climatology and Radiative Effects of Clouds and Aerosols Based on Lidar and Radar Atmospheric Radiative Transfer (SBDART) code. Results on the climatology and radiative effects of clouds, arctic regions are the site of interactions between aerosols, clouds, radiation and precipitations

  4. N'ASA HISTORICAL NEWSLETTER Historical Division (EH)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    interest to historians after the year 2001, the voyage of Apollo 11 was at least the most visible of the Historical Advisory Committee for 1970. NASA Prom-am Notes: · The historic flight of Apollo 11 on the full ApOllo story. The first phase of the Apollo history-the research and writing

  5. CLIMATOLOGY OF VERTICAL AIR MOTION DURING RAINFALL IN NIAMEY, NIGER AND BLACK FOREST, GERMANY USING AN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CLIMATOLOGY OF VERTICAL AIR MOTION DURING RAINFALL IN NIAMEY, NIGER AND BLACK FOREST, GERMANY USING in Niamey, Niger and eight months in Germany's Black Forest. The AMF includes a vertically pointing 95 GHz of the orographically influenced precipitation in Germany's mountains. __________ NOTICE: This manuscript has been

  6. United States hurricane landfalls and damages: Can one-to five-year predictions beat climatology?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    United States hurricane landfalls and damages: Can one-to five-year predictions beat climatology-year predictions of United States hurricane landfalls and damages improve upon a baseline expectation derived from these improvements were due to chance or actual skill. A review of efforts to predict hurricane landfalls and damage

  7. Climatology of katabatic winds in the McMurdo dry valleys, southern Victoria Land, Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fountain, Andrew G.

    Climatology of katabatic winds in the McMurdo dry valleys, southern Victoria Land, Antarctica of katabatic winds largely controls winter (June to August) temperatures, increasing 1°C per 1% increase of katabatic winds in the McMurdo dry valleys, southern Victoria Land, Antarctica, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D

  8. An ozone climatology of the Dallas-Fort Worth area and its relationship to meteorology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nobis, Timothy Edward

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , no extensive studies on ozone in this area have been published. This study presents a broad overview of the ozone problem in the DFW area. An ozone spatial and temporal climatology was constructed using ozone data at 23 different monitoring sites from 1980...

  9. Wind climatology of Schiphol Andrew Stepek, Xueli Wang and Dirk Wolters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haak, Hein

    Wind climatology of Schiphol Andrew Stepek, Xueli Wang and Dirk Wolters De Bilt, May 2012 #12;2 Contents Summary 2 Introduction 3 Data 3 Hourly wind measurements 3 Yearly averages of wind speed measurements 4 Quality and sources of error 6 Method 7 Trends in wind speed 7 Definition of cross and tail wind

  10. SAR-BASED WIND CLIMATOLOGY FOR WIND TURBINES Merete Bruun Christiansen(1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SAR-BASED WIND CLIMATOLOGY FOR WIND TURBINES Merete Bruun Christiansen(1) , Charlotte Bay Hasager(1) , Donald Thompson(2) , Lars Boye Hansen(3) (1) Wind Energy Department, Risř National Laboratory, Technical, Denmark ABSTRACT Wind fields extracted from synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery are used to analyze

  11. An empirical framework for tropical cyclone climatology Nam-Young Kang James B. Elsner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elsner, James B.

    on defining activity with indices like the Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) and Power Dissipation Index (PDI used exponent indices like accumulated cyclone energy, it does not contain cyclone duration. EmpiricalAn empirical framework for tropical cyclone climatology Nam-Young Kang · James B. Elsner Received

  12. Improved Great Lakes Ice Cover Climatology Primary Investigator: Raymond Assel -NOAA GLERL (Emeritus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Improved Great Lakes Ice Cover Climatology Primary Investigator: Raymond Assel - NOAA GLERL (Emeritus) Co-Investigators: Thomas Croley - NOAA GLERL (Emeritus) Overview Ice cover affects mass and energy exchange between the planetary boundary layer and the waters of the Great Lakes. The improved ice

  13. Statistical examination of climatological data relevant to global temperature variation. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gray, H.L.; Gunst, R.F.; Woodward, W.A.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advanced statistical procedures have been developed to analyze and model climatological data. Research has focused on the following areas: testing the global temperature series for trend; the effect of initial conditions on autoregressive models for global temperature data; long memory modeling of the carbon dioxide data; and spatial modeling of global temperature data.

  14. A Climatology of Midlatitude Mesoscale Convective Vortices in the Rapid Update Cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Richard H.

    A Climatology of Midlatitude Mesoscale Convective Vortices in the Rapid Update Cycle ERIC P. JAMES of mesoscale convective vortices (MCVs) occurring in the state of Oklahoma during the late spring and summer, true MCVs represent only about 20% of the mesoscale relative vorticity maxima detected by the algorithm

  15. Impacts of a New Solar Radiation Parameterization on the CPTEC AGCM Climatological Features

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbosa, Henrique

    Impacts of a New Solar Radiation Parameterization on the CPTEC AGCM Climatological Features H. M. J with a new solar radiation scheme are used. There is an 8% increase in the annual mean global average atmo%), which were not considered in the operational solar radiation scheme. Under clear-sky conditions

  16. Mesoscale Simulation of Tropical Cyclones in the South Pacific: Climatology and Interannual Variability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mesoscale Simulation of Tropical Cyclones in the South Pacific: Climatology and Interannual is shown to reproduce a wide range of mesoscale convective systems. Tropical cyclones grow from the most related to mesoscale in- teractions, which also affect TC tracks and the resulting occurrence. 1

  17. Robust network design with uncertain outsourcing cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    latter is determined by the future cost of telecommunications services, whose ... of telecommunications network design because the historical data necessary to.

  18. Historical Natural Gas Annual - 1930 Through 2000

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2000 The Historical Natural Gas Annual contains historical information on supply and disposition of natural gas at the national, regional, and State level as well as prices at...

  19. Oral Tradition in Historical Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hankins, Rebecca

    Enduring Legacies: Oral Tradition in Historical Research Rebecca HANKINS, C.A., Assistant Professor, Area Studies, Texas A&M University MS5000 TAMU; College Station, Texas 77843-5000 #19; HYPERLINK "mailto:rhankins@tamu.edu" #1;#20;rhankins.... Stricklin, David and Rebecca Sharpless, eds. The Past Meets the Present: Essays on Oral History. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1988. 7. Swain, Ellen D. ?Oral history in the Archives: Its Documentary Role in the Twenty-first Century...

  20. Historical

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh School football High SchoolBundles toHiring-TP59.01 C5;44 4 o

  1. A climatology of tropical moisture bursts in the eastern North Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Neil Ray

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A CLIil'IATOLOGY OF TROFICAL MOISTURE BURSTS IN THF. EASTERN NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN A Theseus NEIL R A Y SMITH Submitted to the Graduate College of' Texas AKIil University in partial fulfil)nient of the requirements I'o. the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1986 M;i;iir Subject: Meteorology A CLIMATOLOGY OF TROPICAL MOISTURE BURSTS IN THE EASTERN NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN A Thesis NEIL RAY SMITH Approved as to style and content by: James P. McE uirk (Co-Chairman) ylmer H, Thompson (Co...

  2. Historical corner Celebrating 20 years of historical papers in Photosynthesis Researchw

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindjee "Gov"

    Historical corner Celebrating 20 years of historical papers in Photosynthesis Researchw Govindjee in photosynthesis, Eugene Rabinowitch, historical papers, IXth (1959) International Botanical Congress, Jack Myers four goals: (1) to inform the readers of Photosynthesis Research about the past of the `Historical

  3. Aggregate Transfers Historical Yearly Peak

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWP RelatedCellulase C. bescii CelA, a highlyTransfers Historical

  4. Climatology, Variability and Extrema of Ocean Waves -The Web-based KNMI/ERA-40 Wave Atlas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haak, Hein

    the main features of the atlas. The atlas contains some explanatory text, a basic description of the wind book of Hogben et al. (1986) and the Atlas of the ocean wind and wave climate of Young and HollandClimatology, Variability and Extrema of Ocean Waves - The Web-based KNMI/ERA-40 Wave Atlas Andreas

  5. COMPARISON OF WIND AND WIND SHEAR CLIMATOLOGIES DERIVED FROM HIGH-RESOLUTION RADIOSONDES AND THE ECMWF MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffelen, Ad

    COMPARISON OF WIND AND WIND SHEAR CLIMATOLOGIES DERIVED FROM HIGH-RESOLUTION RADIOSONDES wind and its vertical gradient, i.e. wind-shear, is characterized as a function of climate region. For a better representation of the average atmospheric wind and shear and their variabilities, high

  6. Climatology Models for Extreme Hurricane Winds near the United States THOMAS H. JAGGER AND JAMES B. ELSNER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elsner, James B.

    that from earth- quakes. In Florida alone Hurricane Andrew's strike in 1992 caused more than $30 billionClimatology Models for Extreme Hurricane Winds near the United States THOMAS H. JAGGER AND JAMES B 12 August 2005, in final form 13 December 2005) ABSTRACT The rarity of severe coastal hurricanes

  7. Tip Jets and Barrier Winds: A QuikSCAT Climatology of High Wind Speed Events around Greenland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renfrew, Ian

    of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom (Manuscript received 28 September meteorological, oceanographic, cli- matological, and wind energy applications. Strong sur- face winds overTip Jets and Barrier Winds: A QuikSCAT Climatology of High Wind Speed Events around Greenland G. W

  8. a0005 Clouds: Climatology S Warren and R Eastman, Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warren, Stephen

    of the underlying surface, the season, and the time of day. The effect of clouds on the Earth's radiation budget, called the `cloud radiative effect', is generally negative in the daytime but positive at night (i thermal infrared radiation emitted from below, and they produce rain and snow. A cloud climatology

  9. Cloud climatology at the Southern Great Plains and the layer structure, drizzle, and atmospheric modes of continental stratus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of cloud layers, an issue that is important in calculating both the radiative and the hydro- logic effects.5 years) cloud observations from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurements (ARM) program Southern Great in Global Climate Models (GCMs) remains a source of uncertainty in climate simulations. Cloud climatologies

  10. An energy performance index for historic buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Scott

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , but that frequently results in lower operating costs, The Booz, Allen & Hamilton' and Diane Maddex* reports to the Mational Trust for Historic Preservation (MTHP), discussed in the Literature Review, support these observations. Sustainabi lity is also defined... Historical Review of Related Research Literature Previous efforts to characterize the value of historic preservation to energy conservation reached their peak in the 1979- 1981 stimulated by the "oil shocks" of 1973 and 1979. The 1979 report by Booz, Allen...

  11. A Framework for Historic Bridge Preservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puls, Eric Mark

    2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    , condition assessment beyond routine inspection, adjustment of evaluation methodology, and use of engineering judgment when using numerical evaluation methods are critical components of proper management of historic bridges....

  12. Manhattan Project Historical Resources | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    historical resources. These include histories, websites, reports and document collections, and exhibits and tours. Histories produced by the Department include The Manhattan...

  13. Gamma ray bursts in their historic context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trimble, V

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gamma Ray Bursts In Their Historic Context Virginia TrimbleMD 20742 USA Abstract. Gamma ray bursts remained essentiallyalso applies to the gamma ray bursts. First, an observation

  14. A Historical Profile of the Higgs Boson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, John

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanopoulos, A phenomenological profile of the Higgs boson,January 2012 A Historical Profile of the Higgs Boson Johnits phenomenolog- ical profile [12]. At the time, the Higgs

  15. Portland Company Weatherizes, Preserves Historic Home

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Roy and Kim Fox, owners of a stunning Victorian home in Portland, Oregon, show local residents how to achieve energy efficiency in historic homes without sacrificing vintage character.

  16. A study of historical vegetation in Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardner, Gwendolyn Ann

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OF SCIENCE DECEMBER 1966 Major Subject: Recreation and Resource Development A STUDY OF HISTORICAL VEGETATION IN LYNDON B. JOHNSON NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK A Thesis by GWENDOLYN ANN GARDNER Approved as to style and content by: E. Glenn Carls... Historical Park. (December 1986) Gwendolyn Ann Gardner, B. S. , Texas AAH University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. E. Glenn Car ls Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Par k (LYJO) is located in Blanco and Gillespie Counties, Texas, in a...

  17. THE HISTORICAL DENDROARCHAEOLOGY OF TWO LOG STRUCTURES AT THE MARBLE SPRINGS HISTORIC SITE, KNOX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

    THE HISTORICAL DENDROARCHAEOLOGY OF TWO LOG STRUCTURES AT THE MARBLE SPRINGS HISTORIC SITE, KNOX as a significant heritage site for the state of Tennessee because it was the final home of one of our nation's most. Recent archaeological and historical research had called into question the authenticity of the original

  18. Resources for Historical Landscape Analysis: Toronto

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haykin, Simon

    Resources for Historical Landscape Analysis: Toronto Geog 3MF3 October 2010 Cathy Moulder, DirectorMaster or online Fire Insurance Plans City Directories Internet resources Toronto Public Library (Historicity) City of Toronto (Heritage Buildings database) Postcard collections #12;Fire Insurance Plans and Atlases #12;Fire

  19. Historical_Habitats File Geodatabase Feature Class

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Historical_Habitats File Geodatabase Feature Class Tags Historical ecology, Ventura, Oxnard View, Meiners Oaks, Camarillo, Somis, Ventura River, Santa Clara River, Calleguas Creek, Santa Paula Springs, Ormond Beach, Mandalay Beach, Pierpont Bay, McGrath Lake, Ventura County, Los Angeles County

  20. Implementing Solar PV Projects on Historic Buildings and in Historic Districts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kandt, A.; Hotchkiss, E.; Walker, A.; Buddenborg, J; Lindberg, J.

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many municipalities, particularly in older communities of the United States, have a large amount of historic buildings and districts. In addition to preserving these historic assets, many municipalities have goals or legislative requirements to procure a certain amount of energy from renewable sources and to become more efficient in their energy use; often, these requirements do not exempt historic buildings. This paper details findings from a workshop held in Denver, Colorado, in June 2010 that brought together stakeholders from both the solar and historic preservation industries. Based on these findings, this paper identifies challenges and recommends solutions for developing solar photovoltaic (PV) projects on historic buildings and in historic districts in such a way as to not affect the characteristics that make a building eligible for historic status.

  1. Hierarchical Hybrid Power Supply Networks Farinaz Koushanfar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    management, hybrid power supply, supercapacitors 1. INTRODUCTION AND MOTIVATION Historically, almost all in a hierarchical power sup- ply network would include batteries, supercapacitors, ionic supercapacitors, and future cycle, supercapacitors are advantageous rel- ative to the standard che

  2. Assessment for the extended uses of historic structures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brune, Geoffrey John

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis constructs a tool for assessing the interventions required to extend the use of historic properties in historic districts. The continued use of these structures, either historically noteworthy or important as contributing to the context...

  3. Assessment for the extended uses of historic structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brune, Geoffrey John

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis constructs a tool for assessing the interventions required to extend the use of historic properties in historic districts. The continued use of these structures, either historically noteworthy or important as contributing to the context...

  4. The Theological Significance of Hegel's Four World-Historical Realms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Von Der Luft, Eric

    The Theological Significance of Hegel's Four World-Historical Realms1 ERIC VON DER LUFT Villanova University The major problem concerning Hegel's four world- historical realms is this: How are we to view them—as categories of historical...

  5. ORNL/CDIAC-160 Climatological Distributions of pH, pCO2, Total CO2, Alkalinity,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORNL/CDIAC-160 NDP-094 Climatological Distributions of pH, pCO2, Total CO2, Alkalinity, and CaCO3, Alkalinity, and CaCO3 Saturation in the Global Surface Ocean. ORNL/CDIAC-160, NDP-094. Carbon Dioxide, total CO2 concentration (TCO2), and the degree of CaCO3 saturation for the global surface ocean waters

  6. Relationships between the perception of function and surroundings of historic structures and the consequent levels of historic integrity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abbas, Fareena Dawood

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this research study we have set out to determine the relationships between the function and surroundings of historic structures and the consequent level of their historic integrity. For this purpose, two historic missions located in San Antonio...

  7. Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's Historic Preservation and Net-Zero...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's Historic Preservation and Net-Zero Renovation Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's Historic Preservation and Net-Zero Renovation Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's...

  8. August 10, 2012: Memorandum of agreement to preserve historic...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    that will preserve the historic contributions of Oak Ridge's K-25 site to the World War II Manhattan Project. The agreement between the DOE, Tennessee State Historic...

  9. Savannah River National Laboratory Meets with Historically Black...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Savannah River National Laboratory Meets with Historically Black Colleges and Universities Savannah River National Laboratory Meets with Historically Black Colleges and...

  10. LM Records Handling System-Fernald Historical Records System...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Fernald Historical Records System, Office of Legacy Management LM Records Handling System-Fernald Historical Records System, Office of Legacy Management LM Records Handling...

  11. TRANSFORMING ACADEMIA Historical Developments, Contemporary Perspectives and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    ISyE 8803A TRANSFORMING ACADEMIA Historical Developments, Contemporary Perspectives independence and this organizational structure represent the first major transformation of academia. These characteristics of academia have persisted for over 900 years and seem immutable. Yet, notable transformations

  12. Regulating new construction in historic areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sellers-Garcia, Oliver

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study is an examination of how the restrictiveness of different design regulations impacts the process of new construction in historic areas. The North End, South End, and Back Bay neighborhoods of Boston were identified ...

  13. A Pipeline for Computational Historical Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;A Pipeline for Computational Historical Linguistics Lydia Steiner Bioinformatics Group of computational methods. In the biological context, computational methods play a dominating role due, Interdisciplinary Center for Bioinformatics, University of Leipzig Peter F. Stadler Bioinformatics Group

  14. Rayleigh LIDAR and satellite (HALOE, SABER, CHAMP and COSMIC) measurements of stratosphere-mesosphere temperature over a southern sub-tropical site, Reunion (20.8° S; 55.5° E): climatology and comparison study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sivakumar, V.; Vishnu Prasanth, P.; Kishore, P.; Bencherif, H.; Keckhut, P.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    climatology of the mid- dle atmosphere from long-termLIDAR measurements at mid- dle and low latitudes, J.Over the southern tropics, mid- dle atmosphere temperature

  15. asia historical perspectives: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    sensitive data. The security of the data depends on physical security, OS security and DBMS security. Database security can be compromised by obtaining sensitive data, changing...

  16. assessing historical global: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    assessment in Azerbaijan Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: , global warming, and global entrepreneurship. Discovery Park works syner- gistically with...

  17. Temporal Language Models for the Disclosure of Historical Text

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiemstra, Djoerd

    Introduction Historical and heritage collections consist for a considerable part of text and may incorporateTemporal Language Models for the Disclosure of Historical Text Franciska de Jong Henning Rode of the historical distance, access to this content is not straightforward. Historical variants of text are often

  18. Climatology of aerosol optical depth in north?central Oklahoma: 1992–2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michalsky, Joseph J.; Denn, Frederick; Flynn, Connor J.; Hodges, G. B.; Kiedron, Piotr; Koontz, Annette S.; Schlemmer, James; Schwartz, Stephen E.

    2010-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Aerosol optical depth (AOD) has been measured at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program central facility near Lamont, Oklahoma, since the fall of 1992. Most of the data presented are from the multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer, a narrow?band, interference?filter Sun radiometer with five aerosol bands in the visible and near infrared; however, AOD measurements have been made simultaneously and routinely at the site by as many as three different types of instruments, including two pointing Sun radiometers. Scatterplots indicate high correlations and small biases consistent with earlier comparisons. The early part of this 16 year record had a disturbed stratosphere with residual Mt. Pinatubo aerosols, followed by the cleanest stratosphere in decades. As such, the last 13 years of the record reflect changes that have occurred predominantly in the troposphere. The field calibration technique is briefly described and compared to Langley calibrations from Mauna Loa Observatory. A modified cloudscreening technique is introduced that increases the number of daily averaged AODs retrieved annually to about 250 days compared with 175 days when a more conservative method was employed in earlier studies. AODs are calculated when the air mass is less than six; that is, when the Sun’s elevation is greater than 9.25°. The more inclusive cloud screen and the use of most of the daylight hours yield a data set that can be used to more faithfully represent the true aerosol climate for this site. The diurnal aerosol cycle is examined month?by?month to assess the effects of an aerosol climatology on the basis of infrequent sampling such as that from satellites.

  19. Network Management Network Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that pertain to the operation, administration, maintenance, and provisioning of networked systems · Operation deals with keeping the network up (and the service provided by the network) · Administration involvesNetwork Management Pag. 1 Network Management Andrea Bianco Telecommunication Network Group Network

  20. analysis od aerosol: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    closely. The retrieval produces a tighter fit to the RSS data. Climatologies Aerosol size distribution climatology used in GISS GCM does not agree with observations Liu et...

  1. A network security monitor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heberlein, L.T.; Dias, G.V.; Levitt, K.N.; Mukherjee, B.; Wood, J.; Wolber, D. (California Univ., Davis, CA (USA). Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science)

    1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study of security in computer networks is a rapidly growing area of interest because of the proliferation of networks and the paucity of security measures in most current networks. Since most networks consist of a collection of inter-connected local area networks (LANs), this paper concentrates on the security-related issues in a single broadcast LAN such as Ethernet. Specifically, we formalize various possible network attacks and outline methods of detecting them. Our basic strategy is to develop profiles of usage of network resources and then compare current usage patterns with the historical profile to determine possible security violations. Thus, our work is similar to the host-based intrusion-detection systems such as SRI's IDES. Different from such systems, however, is our use of a hierarchical model to refine the focus of the intrusion-detection mechanism. We also report on the development of our experimental LAN monitor currently under implementation. Several network attacks have been simulated and results on how the monitor has been able to detect these attacks are also analyzed. Initial results demonstrate that many network attacks are detectable with our monitor, although it can surely be defeated. Current work is focusing on the integration of network monitoring with host-based techniques. 20 refs., 2 figs.

  2. ORIGINAL PAPER Social Networks Help Control Hypertension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gleeson, Joseph G.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Social Networks Help Control Hypertension Fadia T. Shaya, PhD, MPH;1 Viktor V administered within social networks on the improvement of hypertension in 248 African Americans compared with historical controls. Patients formed clusters with peers and attended monthly hypertension education sessions

  3. Historical_Habitats File Geodatabase Feature Class

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clara Valley and adjacent baylands prior to extensive Euro- American modification. It integrates many, cottonwood, woodland, grassland, historical condition, ecology, landscape ecology, pre Euro-American Summary Beller, MN Salomon, AA Whipple, RA Askevold, CJ Striplen, E Brewster, and RA Leidy, 2008. South Santa

  4. AGN Taxonomy and Unification Historical notes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aretxaga, Itziar

    Lecture 1 AGN Taxonomy and Unification · Historical notes · Multifrequency detection of nuclear activity · Classification of AGN - taxonomy · Unification · Evidence for obscuring tori in AGN Itziar Aretxaga (INAOE) @El Escorial, Dec 2007 #12;AGN taxonomy "Active" is used to refer to energetic processes

  5. 6, 25672658, 2009 Historical records of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Lisa

    Historical records of coastal eutrophication-induced hypoxia A. J. Gooday1 , F. Jorissen2 , L. A. Levin3 , J proxies derived from such cores have been used to reconstruct the5 development of eutrophication induced by, organic enrichment (eutrophication), making it difficult to15 separate the effects

  6. Summary of beryllium specifications, current and historical

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abeln, S.P.; Kyed, P.

    1990-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes beryllium properties included in producer, Department of Energy, and government specifications. The specifications are divided into two major categories: current and historical. Within each category the data are arranged primarily according to increasing purity and secondarily by increasing tensile properties. Qualitative comments on formability and weldability are included. Also, short summaries of powder production and consolidation techniques are provided.

  7. National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) Program. In

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Energy under contract DE-AC05-00OR22800 YGG 05-0234R1 The last of the historic guard towers, built in 1948, stands on Pine Ridge, the north boundary of Y-12. BWXT Y-12...

  8. A 4-D Climatology (1979-2009) of the Monthly Tropospheric Aerosol Optical Depth Distribution over the Mediterranean Region from a Comparative Evaluation and Blending of Remote Sensing and Model Products

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nabat, P.; Somot, S.; Mallet, M.; Chiapello, I.; Morcrette, J. -J.; Solmon, F.; Szopa, S.; Dulac, F.; Collins, W.; Ghan, Steven J.; Horowitz, L.; Lamarque, J.-F.; Lee, Y. H.; Naik, Vaishali; Nagashima, T.; Shindell, Drew; Skeie, R. B.

    2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the 1980s several spaceborne sensors have been used to retrieve the aerosol optical depth (AOD) over the Mediterranean region. In parallel, AOD climatologies coming from different numerical model simulations are now also available, permitting to distinguish the contribution of several aerosol types to the total AOD. In this work, we perform a comparative analysis of this unique multiyear database in terms of total AOD and of its apportionment by the five main aerosol types (soil dust, seasalt, sulfate, black and organic carbon). We use 9 different satellite-derived monthly AOD products: NOAA/AVHRR, SeaWiFS (2 products), TERRA/MISR, TERRA/MODIS, AQUA/MODIS, ENVISAT/MERIS, PARASOL/POLDER and MSG/SEVIRI, as well as 3 more historical datasets: NIMBUS7/CZCS, TOMS (onboard NIMBUS7 and Earth- Probe) and METEOSAT/MVIRI. Monthly model datasets include the aerosol climatology from Tegen et al. (1997), the climate-chemistry models LMDz-OR-INCA and RegCM-4, the multi-model mean coming from the ACCMIP exercise, and the reanalyses GEMS and MACC. Ground-based Level- 2 AERONET AOD observations from 47 stations around the basin are used here to evaluate the model and satellite data. The sensor MODIS (on AQUA and TERRA) has the best average AOD scores over this region, showing a relevant spatiotemporal variability and highlighting high dust loads over Northern Africa and the sea (spring and summer), and sulfate aerosols over continental Europe (summer). The comparison also shows limitations of certain datasets (especially MERIS and SeaWiFS standard products). Models reproduce the main patterns of the AOD variability over the basin. The MACC reanalysis is the closest to AERONET data, but appears to underestimate dust over Northern Africa, where RegCM-4 is found closer to MODIS thanks to its interactive scheme for dust emissions. The vertical dimension is also investigated using the CALIOP instrument. This study confirms differences of vertical distribution between dust aerosols showing a large vertical spread, and other continental and marine aerosols which are confined in the boundary layer. From this compilation, we propose a 4-D blended product from model and satellite data, consisting in monthly time series of 3-D aerosol distribution at a 50 km horizontal resolution over the Euro-Mediterranean marine and continental region for the 2003–2009 period. The product is based on the total AOD from AQUA/MODIS, apportioned into sulfates, black and organic carbon from the MACC reanalysis, and into dust and sea-salt aerosols from RegCM-4 simulations, which are distributed vertically based on CALIOP climatology.We extend the 2003–2009 reconstruction to the past up to 1979 using the 2003–2009 average and applying the decreasing trend in sulfate aerosols from LMDz-OR-INCA, whose AOD trends over Europe and the Mediterranean are median among the ACCMIP models. Finally optical properties of the different aerosol types in this region are proposed from Mie calculations so that this reconstruction can be included in regional climate models for aerosol radiative forcing and aerosolclimate studies.

  9. NSF Proposal #00--Longitudinal Social Network Studies and Predictive Social Cohesion Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Douglas R.

    NSF Proposal #00-- Longitudinal Social Network Studies and Predictive Social Cohesion Theory of longitudinal social network data in anthropological field sites and historical network studies. Formal concepts of biconnectedness or sets of multiply connected actors are defined for social networks and implemented in a set

  10. Continuous Time Bayesian Networks for Host Level Network Intrusion Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shelton, Christian R.

    R. Shelton Department of Computer Science and Engineering University of California, Riverside continuous time Bayesian networks learned from historic non-attack data and flag future event sequences whose. In this paper, we look at the problem of detecting such attacks at the host level. Instead of constructing

  11. A study of historical vegetation in Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardner, Gwendolyn Ann

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    documentation against which past and future changes can be evaluated and to provide information to guide iv management decisions concerning the historic landscape. The results of the study provide vegetation ini'ormation for inter preting both the natural... LITERATURE Historical Overview of Landscape Preservation Landscape Preservation and Restoration Methods Environmental and Cultural Effects on the Landscape Vegetation oi' the Edwards Plateau of Texas Lyndon B. Johnson National Hi. storical Park...

  12. The characteris+cs of tsunamis Historical tsunami events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Po

    ·Historical tsunami events ·The early warning systems #12;·Tsunami is a wave produced ·Historical tsunami events ·The early warning systems #12;·DART II system hip ·The early warning systems #12;Activity 1 ! #12;See you next week!! Thank you

  13. Interpreting slavery at plantation museums and historic sites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durden, Amber K

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interpreting slavery can be a difficult and controversial task. Recent literature has shown that the majority of plantation museums and historic sites, which historically enslaved African-Americans, are currently ignoring the institution of slavery...

  14. The Issues and Management of Historic Preservation Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sengelmann, Heather

    2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    . This confusion has led to the research of issues and management of historic preservation projects and renovations. One must study all of the rules and regulations to truly understand the meaning of “historic preservation”. How does a building become important...

  15. MICHIGAN TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY ARCHIVES COPPER COUNTRY HISTORICAL COLLECTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MICHIGAN TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY ARCHIVES AND COPPER COUNTRY HISTORICAL COLLECTION GENEALOGICAL & Copper Country Historical Collection J. Robert Van Pelt Library Michigan Technological University local high schools and Michigan Technological University, centennial books, and local history titles

  16. Recommendation 167: Historic Preservation of the K-25 Building

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The OSSAB Recommendation to DOE on Historic Preservation of the K-25 Building at East Tennessee Technology Park.

  17. A Cross-Language Approach to Historic Document Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamps, Jaap

    a cross-language approach to historic document retrieval, and investigate (1) the automatic construction are able to automatically construct rules for modernizing historic language based on comparing (a) phonetic vertical search engine should be able to bridge the gap between the historic language of the document

  18. A Cross-Language Approach to Historic Document Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Rijke, Maarten

    rewriting the historic doc- uments. However, the manual construction of rewrite rules is very timeA Cross-Language Approach to Historic Document Retrieval Marijn Koolen ab Frans Adriaans c Jaap appeared as: M. Koolen, F. Adriaans, J. Kamps and M. de Rijke. A Cross-Language Approach to Historic

  19. A Cross-Language Approach to Historic Document Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Rijke, Maarten

    a cross-language approach to historic document retrieval, and investigate (1) the automatic construction are able to automatically construct rules for modernizing historic language based on comparing (a) phonetic. In order to make historic documents accessible to modern users, our vertical search engine should be able

  20. Optical Process and Analysis of Historical Documents Nikolaos Stamatopoulos*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kouroupetroglou, Georgios

    historical collections that are part of our culture heritage. Several factors such as low paper qualityOptical Process and Analysis of Historical Documents Nikolaos Stamatopoulos* * Dissertation@iit.demokritos.gr Abstract. The collections of historical books are an important source of information, both for the history

  1. Honor our heritage by supporting Clemson University's Historic Properties.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    Bringing Honor our heritage by supporting Clemson University's Historic Properties. Life the ast to commemorating our heritage makes the difference in preserving our historic treasures. We urge you to join us), will create a third living museum and learning environment to honor the University's rich historical

  2. Hydro-climatology: Variability and Change (Proceedings of symposium J-H02 held during IUGG2011 in Melbourne, Australia, July 2011) (IAHS Publ. 344, 2011).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Hydro-climatology: Variability and Change (Proceedings of symposium J-H02 held during IUGG2011 in Melbourne, Australia, July 2011) (IAHS Publ. 344, 2011). Copyright © 2011 IAHS Press 195 How could hydro , L. COLLET2 , S. ARDOIN-BARDIN3 & P. ROUCOU4 1 CNRS, 2 UM2, 3 IRD ­ UMR HydroSciences Montpellier

  3. 13B.7 THE CLIMATOLOGY, CONVECTIVE MODE, AND MESOSCALE ENVIRONMENT OF COOL SEASON SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS IN THE OHIO AND TENNESSEE VALLEYS, 1995-2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2300, Norman, OK 73072, E-mail: Bryan.Smith@noaa.gov Center hourly mesoanalysis data (Bothwell et al System (GIS). Using these data, we define a tornado day as a 24 hr period beginning at the first reported13B.7 THE CLIMATOLOGY, CONVECTIVE MODE, AND MESOSCALE ENVIRONMENT OF COOL SEASON SEVERE

  4. Historical hydronuclear testing: Characterization and remediation technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shaulis, L.; Wilson, G.; Jacobson, R.

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report examines the most current literature and information available on characterization and remediation technologies that could be used on the Nevada Test Site (NTS) historical hydronuclear test areas. Historical hydronuclear tests use high explosives and a small amount of plutonium. The explosion scatters plutonium within a contained subsurface environment. There is currently a need to characterize these test areas to determine the spatial extent of plutonium in the subsurface and whether geohydrologic processes are transporting the plutonium away from the event site. Three technologies were identified to assist in the characterization of the sites. These technologies are the Pipe Explorer{trademark}, cone penetrometer, and drilling. If the characterization results indicate that remediation is needed, three remediation technologies were identified that should be appropriate, namely: capping or sealing the surface, in situ grouting, and in situ vitrification. Capping the surface would prevent vertical infiltration of water into the soil column, but would not restrict lateral movement of vadose zone water. Both the in situ grouting and vitrification techniques would attempt to immobilize the radioactive contaminants to restrict or prevent leaching of the radioactive contaminants into the groundwater. In situ grouting uses penetrometers or boreholes to inject the soil below the contaminant zone with low permeability grout. In situ vitrification melts the soil containing contaminants into a solid block. This technique would provide a significantly longer contaminant immobilization, but some research and development would be required to re-engineer existing systems for use at deep soil depths. Currently, equipment can only handle shallow depth vitrification. After existing documentation on the historical hydronuclear tests have been reviewed and the sites have been visited, more specific recommendations will be made.

  5. The historical origins of infant baptism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rupert, Glenn Allen

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is prior to the birth i of the church. The historicity of the New Testament, and of the entire Bible, is a topic which has created a tremendous amount of debate. But, particularly in the case of the New Testament, little of this dispute has centered... clearly show that infants of Christians were baptized by their parents, By the next century the church fathers had engaged in debates over whether the practice was indeed commanded by the apostles. And finally, infant baptism was declared to be official...

  6. Historical Information O C P G

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling7111AWell:F E ," POSTGranite_-_ ,Historical

  7. Historical Natural Gas Annual - 1930 Through 2000

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at1,066,688ElectricityLess than 200DecadeCubic Feet)Historical

  8. Historically Underrepresented Communities | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sure you want toworldPowerHome| DepartmentPump Systems HeatHistorically

  9. Historical Media | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh School football High SchoolBundles toHiring-TP59.01 C5;44 4Historical

  10. Network Chimera Network Chimera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Network Chimera Network Chimera Objective Chimera aims to understand how the network properties enough with limited resources. The Chimera team is cross-disciplinary, and includes computer scientists Impact The original hypothesis of Chimera was that a physical network could be reduced to a graph

  11. Social Networking? Secure Networking?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Michael S.

    Social Networking? Secure Networking? Teaching & Learning Technology Roundtable February 2010 #12 ­ The intent behind the current security measures in place at OHSU ­ The OHSU Social Networking Guidelines 2. To begin a campus wide dialogue exploring the changing world of online social networking and it

  12. Historical Material Analysis of DC745U Pressure Pads

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ortiz-Acosta, Denisse [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the Enhance Surveillance mission, it is the goal to provide suitable lifetime assessment of stockpile materials. This report is an accumulation of historical publication on the DC745U material and their findings. It is the intention that the B61 LEP program uses this collection of data to further develop their understanding and potential areas of study. DC745U is a commercially available silicone elastomer consisting of dimethyl, methyl-phenyl, and methyl-vinyl siloxane repeat units. Originally, this material was manufactured by Dow Corning as Silastic{reg_sign} DC745U at their manufacturing facility in Kendallville, IN. Recently, Dow Corning shifted this material to the Xiameter{reg_sign} brand product line. Currently, DC745U is available through Xiameter{reg_sign} or Dow Corning's distributor R. D. Abbott Company. DC745U is cured using 0.5 wt% vinyl-specific peroxide curing agent known as Luperox 101 or Varox DBPH-50. This silicone elastomer is used in numerous parts, including two major components (outer pressure pads and aft cap support) in the W80 and as pressure pads on the B61. DC745U is a proprietary formulation, thus Dow Corning provides limited information on its composition and properties. Based on past experience with Dow Corning, DC745U is at risk of formulation changes without notification to the costumer. A formulation change for DC745U may have a significant impact because the network structure is a key variable in determining material properties. The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of historical DC745U studies and identify gaps that need to be addressed in future work. Some of the previous studies include the following: 1. Spectroscopic characterization of raw gum stock. 2. Spectroscopic, thermal, and mechanical studies on cured DC745U. 3. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and solvent swelling studies on DC745U with different crosslink densities. 4. NMR, solvent swelling, thermal, and mechanical studies on thermally aged DC745U. 5. NMR, solvent swelling, thermal, and mechanical studies on radiolytically aged DC745U. Each area is reviewed and further work is suggested to improve our understanding of DC745U for systems engineering, surveillance, aging assessments, and lifetime assessment.

  13. Located in historic Los Alamos, New Mexico against the backdrop...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Located in historic Los Alamos, New Mexico against the backdrop of the lush Jemez Mountains, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) offers its education program participants...

  14. Historical Time Line and Information About the Hanford Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Briggs Jr, David

    2001-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Historical time line of the Hanford Site spanning from 1940 through 1997, including photographs and other information regarding the town sites and living conditions.

  15. Safe Approximations of Chance Constraints Using Historical Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ?hsan Yan?ko?lu

    2015-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Jan 11, 2015 ... Our approach uses the available historical data for the uncertain parameters and is based on goodness-of-fit statistics. It guarantees that the ...

  16. The Attack on Planned Parenthood: A Historical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Primrose, Sarah

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Party Republicans' Latest Attack on Women's Health and Birthtea-party-republicans-latest-attack-womens-health- birth-ARTICLES THE ATTACK ON PLANNED PARENTHOOD: A HISTORICAL

  17. Finalize Historic National Program to Reduce Greenhouse Gases...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Finalize Historic National Program to Reduce Greenhouse Gases and Improve Fuel Economy for Cars and Trucks Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Finalize...

  18. Historical river flow rates for dose calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlton, W.H.

    1991-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Annual average river flow rates are required input to the LADTAP Computer Code for calculating offsite doses from liquid releases of radioactive materials to the Savannah River. The source of information on annual river flow rates used in dose calculations varies, depending on whether calculations are for retrospective releases or prospective releases. Examples of these types of releases are: Retrospective - releases from routine operations (annual environmental reports) and short term release incidents that have occurred. Prospective - releases that might be expected in the future from routine or abnormal operation of existing or new facilities (EIS`s, EID`S, SAR`S, etc.). This memorandum provides historical flow rates at the downstream gauging station at Highway 301 for use in retrospective dose calculations and derives flow rate data for the Beaufort-Jasper and Port Wentworth water treatment plants.

  19. A Historical Profile of the Higgs Boson

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ellis, John; Gaillard, Mary K.; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V.

    2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Higgs boson was postulated in 1964, and phenomenological studies of its possible production and decays started in the early 1970s, followed by studies of its possible productionin e{sup +} e{sup -}, {anti p}p and pp collisions, in particular. Until recently, the most sensitive searches for the Higgs boson were at LEP between 1989 and 2000, which have been complemented bysearches at the Fermilab Tevatron. The LHC has recently entered the hunt, excluding a Higgs boson over a large range of masses and revealing a tantalizing hint in the range 119 to125 GeV, and there are good prospects that the existence or otherwise of the Higgs boson will soon be established. One of the most attractive possibilities is that the Higgs bosonis accompanied by supersymmetry, though composite options have yet to be excluded. This article reviews some of the key historical developments in Higgs physics over the past half-century.

  20. Historical Sulfur Dioxide Emissions 1850-2000: Methods and Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hultman, Nathan E.

    PNNL-14537 Historical Sulfur Dioxide Emissions 1850-2000: Methods and Results S.J. Smith E;PNNL-14537 Historical Sulfur Dioxide Emissions 1850-2000: Methods and Results PNNL Research Report Joint Global Change Research Institute 8400 Baltimore Avenue College Park, Maryland 20740 #12;PNNL-14537

  1. The Self Attenuation Correction for Holdup Measurements, a Historical Perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oberer, R. B.; Gunn, C. A.; Chiang, L. G.

    2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Self attenuation has historically caused both conceptual as well as measurement problems. The purpose of this paper is to eliminate some of the historical confusion by reviewing the mathematical basis and by comparing several methods of correcting for self attenuation focusing on transmission as a central concept.

  2. 4. ReconstructingtheHistoricalRiverineLandscape of the Puget Lowland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, David R.

    4. ReconstructingtheHistoricalRiverineLandscape of the Puget Lowland Brian D. Collins, David R landscape and salmonid habitats of the Puget Lowland. Archival investigations together with field studies. #12;Reconstructing the Historical Riverine Landscape80 RIVER HISTORY AND THE PUGET LOWLAND A century

  3. Historical Data/Case for mitigation SDOX Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soerens, Thomas

    Historical Dam Site Data #12;$8.46/mg change in treatment costs per mg/l TOC per 1,000,000 gallons #12 engineered the system and construction began in 2010, operation began in 2011 #12; Primary effect: Increase#12; Historical Data/Case for mitigation SDOX Design Results from 2011 season SDOX Key

  4. Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections November 2012 #12;Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections David Feldman1 , Galen Barbose2 , Robert Margolis1 , Ryan Wiser2 , NaĂŻm Darghouth2 , and Alan Goodrich1 1 National Renewable Energy

  5. Publishing Historical Texts on the Semantic Web --A Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyvönen, Eero

    Publishing Historical Texts on the Semantic Web --A Case Study Eeva Ahonen and Eero Hyv http://www.seco.tkk.fi/ firstname.lastname@tkk.fi Abstract--Historical texts are an important component of cultural heritage, and are being digitized and published on the web in various portals for the researchers

  6. Shark Fishing Gear: A historical review by Mary Hayes Wagner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, and in the Gulf of Mexico, but prices for high-potency shark-liver oil made fishing for soupfinShark Fishing Gear: A historical review by Mary Hayes Wagner UNITED 5T ATE5 DEPART MENT.A OF l'O~I,a;RCI!,L Fr RERIES, Donald L. 'McKernan, Director · Shark Fishing Gear: A historical review

  7. Climatological data for clouds over the globe from surface observations, 1982--1991: The total cloud edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hahn, C.J. [Colorado Univ., Boulder, CO (United States). Cooperative Inst. for Research in Environmental Sciences] [Colorado Univ., Boulder, CO (United States). Cooperative Inst. for Research in Environmental Sciences; Warren, S.G. [Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Atmospheric Sciences] [Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Atmospheric Sciences; London, J. [Colorado Univ., Boulder, CO (United States). Dept. of Astrophysical, Planetary, and Atmospheric Sciences] [Colorado Univ., Boulder, CO (United States). Dept. of Astrophysical, Planetary, and Atmospheric Sciences

    1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Routine, surface synoptic weather reports from ships and land stations over the entire globe, for the ten-year period December 1981 through November 1991, were processed for total cloud cover and the frequencies of occurrence of clear sky, precipitation, and sky-obscured due to fog. Archived data, consisting of various annual, seasonal and monthly averages, are provided in grid boxes that are typically 2.5{degrees} {times} 2.5{degrees} for land and 5{degrees} {times} 5{degrees} for ocean. Day and nighttime averages are also given separately for each season. Several derived quantities, such as interannual variations and annual and diurnal harmonics, are provided as well. This data set incorporates an improved representation of nighttime cloudiness by utilizing only those nighttime observations for which the illuminance due to moonlight exceeds a specified threshold. This reduction in the night-detection bias increases the computed global average total cloud cover by about 2%. The impact on computed diurnal cycles is even greater, particularly over the oceans where is found, in contrast to previous surface-based climatologies, that cloudiness is often greater at night than during the day.

  8. Climatology of Mid-latitude Ionospheric Disturbances from the Very Large Array Low-frequency Sky Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helmboldt, J F; Cotton, W D

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of a climatological study of ionospheric disturbances derived from observations of cosmic sources from the Very Large Array (VLA) Low-frequency Sky Survey (VLSS) are presented. We have used the ionospheric corrections applied to the 74 MHz interferometric data within the VLSS imaging process to obtain fluctuation spectra for the total electron content (TEC) gradient on spatial scales from a few to hundreds of kilometers and temporal scales from less than one minute to nearly an hour. The observations sample nearly all times of day and all seasons. They also span latitudes and longitudes from 28 deg. N to 40 deg. N and 95 deg. W to 114 deg. W, respectively. We have binned and averaged the fluctuation spectra according to time of day, season, and geomagnetic (Kp index) and solar (F10.7) activity. These spectra provide a detailed, multi-scale account of seasonal and intraday variations in ionospheric activity with wavelike structures detected at wavelengths between about 35 and 250 km. In some cases,...

  9. Historic Manhattan Project Sites at Los Alamos

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    McGehee, Ellen

    2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The Manhattan Project laboratory constructed at Los Alamos, New Mexico, beginning in 1943, was intended from the start to be temporary and to go up with amazing speed. Because most of those WWII-era facilities were built with minimal materials and so quickly, much of the original infrastructure was torn down in the late '40s and early '50s and replaced by more permanent facilities. However, a few key facilities remained, and are being preserved and maintained for historic significance. Four such sites are visited briefly in this video, taking viewers to V-Site, the buildings where the first nuclear explosive device was pre-assembled in preparation for the Trinity Test in Southern New Mexico. Included is another WWII area, Gun Site. So named because it was the area where scientists and engineers tested the so-called "gun method" of assembling nuclear materials -- the fundamental design of the Little Boy weapon that was eventually dropped on Hiroshima. The video also goes to Pajarito Site, home of the "Slotin Building" and "Pond Cabin." The Slotin Building is the place where scientist Louis Slotin conducted a criticality experiment that went awry in early 1946, leading to his unfortunate death, and the Pond Cabin served the team of eminent scientist Emilio Segre who did early chemistry work on plutonium that ultimately led to the Fat Man weapon.

  10. Historical monthly energy review, 1973--1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Historical Monthly Energy Review (HMER) presents monthly and annual data from 1973 through 1992 on production, consumption, stocks, imports, exports, and prices of the principal energy commodities in the United States. Also included are data on international production of crude oil, consumption of petroleum products, petroleum stocks, and production of electricity from nuclear-powered facilities. This edition of the HMER extends the original HMER in several ways: (1) Four additional years of monthly data, 1989--1992, have been added. (2) This report fully replaces the earlier one; each data cell that has been revised since the original HMER is marked with an ``R`` so that changes can be quickly noted. (3) Section 1 has been expanded to include Tables 1.7--1.13, which were not available in the first HMER. (4) Tables 3.9 on propane and Table 4.3 on natural gas trade, which have been added to the MER since the release of the first HMER, are included in this edition. In addition, Table 10.4 on nuclear electricity gross generation has been reorganized to align more closely with the current presentation in the MER.

  11. Einstein's fluctuation formula. A historical overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandor Varro

    2006-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A historical overview is given on the basic results which appeared by the year 1926 concerning Einstein's fluctuation formula of black-body radiation, in the context of light-quanta and wave-particle duality. On the basis of the original publications (from Planck's derivation of the black-body spectrum and Einstein's introduction of the photons up to the results of Born, Heisenberg and Jordan on the quantization of a continuum) a comparative study is presented on the first line of thoughts that led to the concept of quanta. The nature of the particle-like fluctuations and the wave-like fluctuations are analysed by using several approaches. With the help of the classical probability theory, it is shown that the infinite divisibility of the Bose distribution leads to the new concept of classical poissonian photo-multiplets or to the binary photo-multiplets of fermionic character. As an application, Einstein's fluctuation formula is derived as a sum of fermion type fluctuations of the binary photo-multiplets.

  12. Ramkrishna Mukherjee. Uganda: An Historical Accident?: Class, Natona, State Formation. Trenton, New Jersey: Africa World Press, 1985 281pp.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isabirye, Stephen B.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Trenton, Historical Accident? : Class, Natona, New Jersey:in Mukherjee Historical Accident. analyzes the "poUticalare not an "historical accident." War, Violence and Children

  13. Bayesian Network Models of Portfolio Risk and Return

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shenoy, Catherine; Shenoy, Prakash P.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Finance models focus on the historical, quantitative relationships between economic variables. However, financial analysts usually combine historical data with qualitative information and judge how this information affects stock returns, market return... Rate (IR), Stock Market (SM), Oil Industry (OI), and Oil Company Stock Price (SP). At the quantitative level, we specify conditional probability distributions for each variable in the network. Each variable has a set of possible values called its state...

  14. National Historic Preservation Act and Related Legislation. Environmental Guidance Program reference book

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document contains information regarding the National Historic Preservation Act and related legislation. The act was designed to protect archaeological and historic resources.

  15. Georgia: Data Center and Historic Municipal Building Go Green...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Municipal Building Go Green Georgia: Data Center and Historic Municipal Building Go Green August 21, 2013 - 9:45am Addthis Data centers can consume 100 to 200 times more...

  16. Operations Expenditures: Historical Trends and Continuing Challenges (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lantz, E.

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this presentation for the American Wind Energy Association 2013 conference, NREL's Eric Lantz examines historical trends and continuing challenges of wind power operating expenses. Lowering such expenses could increase profitability and contribute to lowering the cost of energy.

  17. Collective private urban renewal in New Bedford's historic district

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bullard, John K. (John Kilburn)

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the waterfront historic district in New Bedford, Massachusetts. It is, hopefully, the beginning of a process of collective private renewal that may lead the revival of the district as a vital element ...

  18. Historical Changes and Trendsin Livestock Numbers Across Ecoregions in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Cynthia

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    of ecosystem health (e.g., ground water flow). This historical analysis provides insight to complex human-ecological interactions and will be used as supporting data for further studies regarding ecosystem health and services....

  19. Historical review of Samsung's innovations and further steps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Jiwon, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Samsung Group has been growing rapidly for the last ten years, based on Korean exclusive historical and economic backgrounds. Especially, Samsung Electronics, the biggest subsidiaries in the Samsung Group has grown very ...

  20. Teaching Against Tradition: Historical Preludes to Critical Pedagogy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Brad 1974-

    2012-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation revises the historical narrative of critical pedagogy in college writing classrooms. It argues that the key principles of critical pedagogy, first articulated by Paulo Freire in Pedagogy of the Oppressed, ...

  1. The Vikings Are Coming: Adventures in Historical Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    The Vikings Are Coming: Adventures in Historical Research Inside this issue: The Centennial." Eric credits his cultural heritage for sparking his interest in History at a very early age. Eric

  2. High Flux Isotope Reactor named Nuclear Historic Landmark | ornl...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    High Flux Isotope Reactor named Nuclear Historic Landmark The High Flux Isotope Reactor vessel at Oak Ridge National Laboratory resides in a pool of water illuminated by the blue...

  3. Hermetically sealed encasements for historic document display and preservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durand, Keith (Keith V.)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this thesis was to develop designs and methods for the preservation and display of historic documents. The results were applied via the design, manufacture, and installation of five hermetic display encasements ...

  4. HPSS Yearly Network Traffic

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    growth in network traffic to storage over the years. Network Traffic Growth Network Distribution 2010 Network Distribution 2010 Network Distribution 2009 Network Distribution...

  5. Visitor response to interpretation at selected historic sites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irwin, Lucinda Lou

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    VISITOR RESPONSE TO INTERPRETATION AT SELECTED HISTORIC SITES A Thesis by LUCINDA LOU IRWIN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&N University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1978... Major Subject: Recreation and Resources Development VISITOR RESPONSE TO INTERPRETATION AT SELECTED HISTORIC SITES A Thesis by LUCINDA LOU IRWIN Approved as to style and content by: Chairman ommittee He of Department Membe Mem May 1978 I g Bii1...

  6. Historic building documentation in the united states, 1933-2000: the historic american buildings survey, a case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Komas, Tanya Wattenburg

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the study was to gain new insight into archival building documentation in the United States since 1933 focusing on Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) as a case study. It sought to help explain how individuals with different...

  7. Accessibility and historic districts: design concepts and economic feasibility study for the downtown historic district of Bryan, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamanna, Jayashree B

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores the application of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) to historic districts, and design concepts are proposed to bring the district as a whole into compliance with the ADA. Past studies have dealt with accessibility...

  8. Artificial Neural Networks Single Layer Networks Multi Layer Networks Generalization Artificial Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kjellström, Hedvig

    Artificial Neural Networks Single Layer Networks Multi Layer Networks Generalization Artificial Neural Networks Artificial Neural Networks Single Layer Networks Multi Layer Networks Generalization 1 Artificial Neural Networks Properties Applications Classical Examples Biological Background 2 Single Layer

  9. Artificial Neural Networks Single Layer Networks Multi Layer Networks Generalization Artificial Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kjellström, Hedvig

    Artificial Neural Networks Single Layer Networks Multi Layer Networks Generalization Artificial Neural Networks #12;Artificial Neural Networks Single Layer Networks Multi Layer Networks Generalization 1 Artificial Neural Networks Properties Applications Classical Examples Biological Background 2

  10. CHALLENGES OF PRESERVING HISTORIC RESOURCES DURING THE D & D OF HIGHLY CONTAMINATED HISTORICALLY SIGNIFICANT PLUTONIUM PROCESS FACILITIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HOPKINS, A.M.

    2006-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The Manhattan Project was initiated to develop nuclear weapons for use in World War II. The Hanford Engineer Works (HEW) was established in eastern Washington State as a production complex for the Manhattan Project. A major product of the HEW was plutonium. The buildings and process equipment used in the early phases of nuclear weapons development are historically significant because of the new and unique work that was performed. When environmental cleanup became Hanford's central mission in 1991, the Department of Energy (DOE) prepared for the deactivation and decommissioning of many of the old process facilities. In many cases, the process facilities were so contaminated, they faced demolition. The National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) requires federal agencies to evaluate the historic significance of properties under their jurisdiction for eligibility for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places before altering or demolishing them so that mitigation through documentation of the properties can occur. Specifically, federal agencies are required to evaluate their proposed actions against the effect the actions may have on districts, sites, buildings or structures that ere included or eligible for inclusion in the National Register. In an agreement between the DOE'S Richland Operations Office (RL), the Washington State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) and the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP), the agencies concurred that the Hanford Site Historic District is eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places and that a Sitewide Treatment Plan would streamline compliance with the NHPA while allowing RL to manage the cleanup of the Hanford Site. Currently, many of the old processing buildings at the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) are undergoing deactivation and decommissioning. RL and Fluor Hanford project managers at the PFP are committed to preserving historical artifacts of the plutonium production process. They must also ensure the safety of workers and the full decontamination of buildings or artifacts if they are to be preserved. This paper discusses the real time challenges of working safely, decontaminating process equipment, preserving historical structures and artifacts and documenting their history at PFP.

  11. Past, present and future : evaluating the Massachusetts Historic Rehabilitation Tax Credit as a tool for promoting historic preservation and economic development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emmitt, Kathryn Courtney

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first half of the 20th century saw very little interest in the preservation of historic properties; indeed, much of the nation's historic building stock was at risk of being lost forever, as the pressures of mid-century ...

  12. CLIMATE PRODUCTS Basic Climatology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    System (AWOS) Operated by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) About 600 FAA stations Data (COOP) #12;NWS ­ ASOS and AWOS Automated Surface Observing System (ASOS) 882 NWS/FAA stations

  13. COLORADO CLIMATE Basic Climatology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    or cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or cloudiness Climate - the statistical collection;The Earth's Energy Balance Incoming energy from the sun (solar radiation) heats the Earth Some by the Earth and re-emitted Incoming solar radiation is shorter wavelengths (higher energy) than what

  14. MONITORING DROUGHT Basic Climatology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of water in watersheds, rivers; often lags agriculture impacts Socio-Economic Drought ­ shortage of some be another's "wonderful weather" But in long-term drought, almost everyone suffers There's not enough water item (water, food, fish, natural values) that affects the balance of supply and demand Source: National

  15. WEATHER HAZARDS Basic Climatology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prediction Center (SPC) Watch Atmospheric conditions are right for hazardous weather ­ hazardous weather is likely to occur Issued by SPC Warning Hazardous weather is either imminent or occurring Issued by local NWS office #12;Outlooks--SPC Storm Prediction Center (SPC) Outlook=Convective Outlook Day 1 Day 2

  16. ALTERING CLIMATE Basic Climatology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monitor and Report Reduce smokestack emissions Remove sulfur at the source; clean coal Use scrubbers

  17. 3. New Cloud Climatology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isNFebruaryOctober 2, 2014Energy,FNeed more4 3.2 3.6P DNew

  18. Network Economics Anna Nagurney

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Performance/Efficiency Measure with Applications to a Variety of Network Systems · Transportation Network with transportation as the unifying application. #12;Subway Network Railroad Network Iridium Satellite Constellation Network Satellite and Undersea Cable Networks Duke Energy Gas Pipeline Network Transportation

  19. Collective Flow of QCD Matter: a Historical Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hans Georg Ritter; Reinhard Stock

    2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a historical review of the physics observables developed for relativistic nuclear collisions, that describe collective hydrodynamic flow of hadronic or partonic matter, and of the corresponding experimental progress. We begin with the early discovery phase of radial and directed flow at the Bevalac, and continue the review until the recent work at RHIC and LHC, and related theory.

  20. A Historical Study of the Persian Vowel System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahbar, Elham Rohany

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    suggests historical changes in terms of contrastive features in the inventories of these dialects. Section 4 concludes. 2. The Modern Persian, Dari, and Tajik vowel systems In the evolution of the Persian language, the middle era started in 331 BC... to the other given inventories. Kansas Working Papers in Linguistics, Vol. 30 (2008), p. 233 Middle Persian i ? u ? ? ? a ? Dari Modern Persian Tajik ? ?...

  1. Historical Range of Variability and Current Landscape Condition Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Historical Range of Variability and Current Landscape Condition Analysis: South Central Highlands the Reference Period E. Overview of Integrated Ecosystem Management ... p 30 F. Literature Cited ... p 34 structures C. Legacies of Euro-American Settlement and Current Conditions ... p 67 1. Logging ("High

  2. Towards an Intelligent system for managing Historical Archive Documents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kouroupetroglou, Georgios

    Towards an Intelligent system for managing Historical Archive Documents Akrivi Katifori-ontology expert users exploring ontologies. · The study of the possibilities of supporting user document and task management by using a personal ontology. · The implementation and evaluation of an algorithm using

  3. HISTORICAL CORNER The International Society of Photosynthesis Research (ISPR)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindjee "Gov"

    HISTORICAL CORNER The International Society of Photosynthesis Research (ISPR) and its associated International Congress on Photosynthesis (ICP): a pictorial report Govindjee Ć Hyungshim Yoo Received: 25 April of Photosynthesis Research (ISPR). We provide two tables, one of the Officers of the ISPR and the International

  4. Historical forest baselines reveal potential for continued carbon sequestration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mladenoff, David

    Historical forest baselines reveal potential for continued carbon sequestration Jeanine M-based studies suggest that land-use history is a more important driver of carbon sequestration in these systems agricultural lands are being promoted as important avenues for future carbon sequestration (8). But the degree

  5. Historical mutation rates predict susceptibility to radiation in Chernobyl birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mousseau, Timothy A.

    Historical mutation rates predict susceptibility to radiation in Chernobyl birds A. P. MĂ?LLER* , J in the evolutionary past. Radioactive contamination from Chernobyl constitutes one such extreme perturbation of radiation from Chernobyl are also the species that in the past have been most susceptible to factors

  6. The University of Tulsa has experienced a historic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, Albert C.

    The University of Tulsa has experienced a historic transformation to become a Top 75 national of Tulsa IT'S ALL ABOUT PEOPLE #12;Embrace the Future 3 Greetings From President Upham Dear Friends, In early 2006, when The University of Tulsa Board of Trustees unanimously voted to undertake the Embrace

  7. Historical Analysis of Marine Sea Level Pressure and Wind Components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PACIFIC WINDS FOR 4 PRODUCTS: Our OI; Da Silva (DS); NCEP-NCAR reanalysis (RA); and FSU subjective pseudo-windstresses lagged autocorrelation for zonal windstress OI DS RA FSU #12;CONCLUSIONS: winds are not that bad! #12;4/30/02 Historical Analysis of Marine Sea Level Pressure and Wind Components: the Good, the Bad

  8. Intermodal passenger flows on London's public transport network : automated inference of full passenger journeys using fare-transaction and vehicle-location data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Jason B. (Jason Benjamin)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Urban public transport providers have historically planned and managed their networks and services with limited knowledge of their customers' travel patterns. While ticket gates and bus fareboxes yield counts of passenger ...

  9. Wind Power Plant Prediction by Using Neural Networks: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Z.; Gao, W.; Wan, Y. H.; Muljadi, E.

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper introduces a method of short-term wind power prediction for a wind power plant by training neural networks based on historical data of wind speed and wind direction. The model proposed is shown to achieve a high accuracy with respect to the measured data.

  10. Helium isotopes in historical lavas from Mount Vesuvius Comment on `Noble gas isotopic ratios from historical lavas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, David W.

    Discussion Helium isotopes in historical lavas from Mount Vesuvius Comment on `Noble gas isotopic. Introduction Helium isotope results recently published by Tedesco et al. [1] appear to show a decrease in 3 He. Results Helium isotope results from our laboratory are reported in Table 1. The 3 He/4 He ratio has been

  11. Bear Creek: a case study in locating historic site remains in southeast Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stahman, Andrea Renee

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    In the Gulf Coastal Prairie and Marsh region of Texas, historic archaeological sites are often obscured by dense vegetation resulting in extremely limited surface visibility. In an environment such as this, historic sites can only be detected...

  12. Bear Creek: a case study in locating historic site remains in southeast Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stahman, Andrea Renee

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    In the Gulf Coastal Prairie and Marsh region of Texas, historic archaeological sites are often obscured by dense vegetation resulting in extremely limited surface visibility. In an environment such as this, historic sites ...

  13. ITP Steel: Energy Use in the U.S. Steel Industry: An Historical...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Use in the U.S. Steel Industry: An Historical Perspective and Future Opportunities, September 2000 ITP Steel: Energy Use in the U.S. Steel Industry: An Historical...

  14. Interactive Multimedia and Historical Chronology Page 1 A FRAMEWORK FOR DESIGNING INTERACTIVE MULTIMEDIA TO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, Yvonne

    Interactive Multimedia and Historical Chronology Page 1 A FRAMEWORK FOR DESIGNING INTERACTIVE MULTIMEDIA TO SCAFFOLD YOUNG CHILDREN'S UNDERSTANDING OF HISTORICAL CHRONOLOGY ELIZABETH MASTERMAN (Kodak/Royal Academy of Engineering Educational Technology Research Group, School of Electronic and Electrical

  15. Generation of Learning Samples for Historical Handwriting Recognition Using Image Degradation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Generation of Learning Samples for Historical Handwriting Recognition Using Image Degradation of image degradation to generate synthetic learning sam- ples for historical handwriting recognition. With respect to three image degradation models, we report significant im- provements in accuracy

  16. Historic preservation and heritage tourism in Texas: an integrated approach to sustainable heritage management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Rabady, Rama Ibrahim

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study assesses the efforts of the State Historic Preservation Office in relating Historic Preservation (HP) with Heritage Tourism (HT) against principles of sustainability. It also seeks to contribute toward an integrated heritage management...

  17. Preserving a Heritage: Creating a More Beneficial Historic Structure Report, for Contractors and a University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Evan D

    2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Historic structure reports (HSR) are multidisciplinary and offer much needed understanding to all that use them. These reports are created to help architects, contractors and owners understand the historic importance of features and the building...

  18. Historical and 2009 Water Chemistry of Wells, Perennial and Intermittent Streams,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ........................................................................................................................................153 Historical Uranium Water-Chemistry DataHistorical and 2009 Water Chemistry of Wells, Perennial and Intermittent Streams, and Springs Uranium Deposits in Northern Arizona Edited by Andrea E. Alpine Scientific Investigations Report 2010

  19. Decision support systems and methods for complex networks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Huang, Zhenyu (Richland, WA); Wong, Pak Chung (Richland, WA); Ma, Jian (Richland, WA); Mackey, Patrick S (Richland, WA); Chen, Yousu (Richland, WA); Schneider, Kevin P (Seattle, WA)

    2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods and systems for automated decision support in analyzing operation data from a complex network. Embodiments of the present invention utilize these algorithms and techniques not only to characterize the past and present condition of a complex network, but also to predict future conditions to help operators anticipate deteriorating and/or problem situations. In particular, embodiments of the present invention characterize network conditions from operation data using a state estimator. Contingency scenarios can then be generated based on those network conditions. For at least a portion of all of the contingency scenarios, risk indices are determined that describe the potential impact of each of those scenarios. Contingency scenarios with risk indices are presented visually as graphical representations in the context of a visual representation of the complex network. Analysis of the historical risk indices based on the graphical representations can then provide trends that allow for prediction of future network conditions.

  20. Efficient network camouflaging in wireless networks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Shu

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    when protected networks are wireless networks, such as sensor networks and mobile ad hoc networks. The reason is that wireless networks are typically subject to resource constraints (e.g. bandwidth, power supply) and possess some unique characteristics...

  1. Supporting document for the historical tank content estimate for BY-Tank farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H.

    1996-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This Supporting Document provides historical in-depth characterization information on BY-Tank Farm, such as historical waste transfer and level data, tank physical information,temperature plots, liquid observation well plots, chemical analyte and radionuclide inventories for the Historical Tank Content Estimate Report for the northeast quadrant of the Hanford 200 East Area.

  2. Supporting document for the historical tank content estimate for A-Tank farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H.

    1996-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This Supporting Document provides historical in-depth characterization information on A-Tank Farm, such as historical waste transfer and level data, tank physical information,temperature plots, liquid observation well plots, chemical analyte and radionuclide inventories for the Historical Tank Content Estimate Report for the northeast quadrant of the Hanford 200 East Area.

  3. Supporting document for the historical tank content estimate for AX-tank farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This Supporting Document provides historical in-depth characterization information on AX-Tank Farm, such as historical waste transfer and level data, tank physical information,temperature plots, liquid observation well plots, chemical analyte and radionuclide inventories for the Historical Tank Content Estimate Report for the northeast quadrant of the Hanford 200 East Area.

  4. Supporting document for the historical tank content estimate for BX-tank farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H.

    1996-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This Supporting Document provides historical in-depth characterization information on BX-Tank Farm, such as historical waste transfer and level data, tank physical information,temperature plots, liquid observation well plots, chemical analyte and radionuclide inventories for the Historical Tank Content Estimate Report for the northeast quadrant of the Hanford 200 East Area.

  5. Supporting document for the historical tank content estimate for C-tank farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H.

    1996-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This Supporting Document provides historical in-depth characterization information on C-Tank Farm, such as historical waste transfer and level data, tank physical information,temperature plots, liquid observation well plots, chemical analyte and radionuclide inventories for the Historical Tank Content Estimate Report for the northeast quadrant of the Hanford 200 East Area.

  6. Supporting document for the historical tank content estimate for B-Tank farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H.

    1996-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This Supporting Document provides historical in-depth characterization information on B-Tank Farm, such as historical waste transfer and level data, tank physical information,temperature plots, liquid observation well plots, chemical analyte and radionuclide inventories for the Historical Tank Content Estimate Report for the northeast quadrant of the Hanford 200 East Area.

  7. Using an Ontology of Historical Events in Semantic Portals for Cultural Heritage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyvönen, Eero

    Using an Ontology of Historical Events in Semantic Portals for Cultural Heritage Eero Hyv argue that an ontology of historical events is needed in semantic portals for cultural heritage due, historical events are important as content items of their own, forming the backbone of chrono- logical

  8. RESEARCH ARTICLE Three objectives of historical ecology: the case of litter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Three objectives of historical ecology: the case of litter collecting in Central and their historical development adequately. Three major objectives of historical ecology, i.e., the study of human impacts on ecosystems and landscapes over time, can be distinguished: (a) preserving cultural heritage

  9. The Clemson UniversiTy hisToriCal ProPerTies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    Join all the historical families and track your heritage along family trees. Please bring anyThe Clemson UniversiTy hisToriCal ProPerTies alUmni advisory CommiTTee cordially invites you to attend The Clemson hisToriCal Families reUnion Calhoun, Pickens and ravenel Families July 26-28, 2013

  10. Supporting document for the historical tank content estimate for the SX-tank farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H., Fluor Daniel Hanford

    1997-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This Supporting Document provides historical in-depth characterization information on SX-Tank Farm, such as historical waste transfer and level data, tank physical information, temperature plots, liquid observation well plots, chemical analyte and radionuclide inventories for the Historical Tank Content Estimate Report for the Southwest Quadrant of the Hanford 200 West Area.

  11. Supporting document for the historical tank content estimate for the S-tank farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H., Fluor Daniel Hanford

    1997-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This Supporting Document provides historical in-depth characterization information on S-Tank Farm, such as historical waste transfer and level data, tank physical information, temperature plots, liquid observation well plots, chemical analyte and radionuclide inventories for the Historical Tank Content Estimate Report for the Southwest Quadrant of the Hanford 200 West Area.

  12. Supporting document for the historical tank content estimate for AW-tank farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H., Stroup, J.L.; Funk, J.W., Fluor Daniel Hanford

    1997-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This Supporting Document provides historical in-depth characterization information on AW-Tank Farm, such as historical waste transfer and level data, tank physical information, temperature plots, liquid observation well plots, chemical analyte and radionuclide inventories for the Historical Tank Content Estimate Report for the Southeast Quadrant of the Hanford 200 Areas.

  13. Supporting document for the historical tank content estimate for AP-tank farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H.; Stroup, J.L.; Funk, J.W., Fluor Daniel Hanford

    1997-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This Supporting Document provides historical in-depth characterization information on AP-Tank Farm, such as historical waste transfer and level data, tank physical information, temperature plots, liquid observation well plots, chemical analyte and radionuclide inventories for the Historical Tank Content Estimate Report for the Southeast Quadrant of the Hanford 200 Areas.

  14. Supporting document for the historical tank content estimate for AN-tank farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H.; Stroup, J.L.; Funk, J.W., Fluor Daniel Hanford

    1997-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This Supporting Document provides historical in-depth characterization information on AN-Tank Farm, such as historical waste transfer and level data, tank physical information, temperature plots, liquid observation well plots, chemical analyte and radionuclide inventories for the Historical Tank Content Estimate Report for the Southeast Quadrant of the Hanford 200 Areas.

  15. Supporting document for the historical tank content estimate for AY-tank farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H.; Stroup, J.L.; Funk, J.W., Fluor Daniel Hanford, Fluor Daniel Hanford

    1997-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This Supporting Document provides historical in-depth characterization information on AY-Tank Farm, such as historical waste transfer and level data, tank physical information, temperature plots, liquid observation well plots, chemical analyte and radionuclide inventories for the Historical Tank Content Estimate Report for the Southeast Quadrant of the Hanford 200 Areas.

  16. Some topics and historical episodes in geomagnetism and aeronomy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fukushima, N. [Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The author provides historical perspective on work in the area of geomagnetism and aeronomy. He discusses early ideas discussed in the literature, work by Birkelund on current flows, ideas on the curl-freeness of the geomagnetic fields, studies of auroral records recorded by man, studies of magnetic storms, geomagnetic field measurements, and of late the wealth of satellite information of the magnetosphere and solar wind effects.

  17. Sensor networks for social networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farry, Michael P. (Michael Patrick)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis outlines the development of software that makes use of Bayesian belief networks and signal processing techniques to make meaningful inferences about real-world phenomena using data obtained from sensor networks. ...

  18. Host Event Based Network Monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jonathan Chugg

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of INL’s research on this project is to demonstrate the feasibility of a host event based network monitoring tool and the effects on host performance. Current host based network monitoring tools work on polling which can miss activity if it occurs between polls. Instead of polling, a tool could be developed that makes use of event APIs in the operating system to receive asynchronous notifications of network activity. Analysis and logging of these events will allow the tool to construct the complete real-time and historical network configuration of the host while the tool is running. This research focused on three major operating systems commonly used by SCADA systems: Linux, WindowsXP, and Windows7. Windows 7 offers two paths that have minimal impact on the system and should be seriously considered. First is the new Windows Event Logging API, and, second, Windows 7 offers the ALE API within WFP. Any future work should focus on these methods.

  19. Fault Detection in Distributed Climate Sensor Networks using Dynamic Bayesian Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chin, George; Choudhury, Sutanay; Kangas, Lars J.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Marquez, Andres

    2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program operated by U.S. Department of Energy is one of the largest climate research programs dedicated to the collection of long-term continuous measurements of cloud properties and other key components of the earth’s climate system. Given the critical role that collected ARM data plays in the analysis of atmospheric processes and conditions and in the enhancement and evaluation of global climate models, the production and distribution of high-quality data is one of ARM’s primary mission objectives. Fault detection in ARM’s distributed sensor network is one critical ingredient towards maintaining high quality and useful data. We are modeling ARM’s distributed sensor network as a dynamic Bayesian network where key measurements are mapped to Bayesian network variables. We then define the conditional dependencies between variables by discovering highly correlated variable pairs from historical data. The resultant dynamic Bayesian network provides an automated approach to identifying whether certain sensors are malfunctioning or failing in the distributed sensor network. A potential fault or failure is detected when an observed measurement is not consistent with its expected measurement and the observed measurements of other related sensors in the Bayesian network. We present some of our experiences and promising results with the fault detection dynamic Bayesian network.

  20. Cognitive Radio Networks as Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandari, Dorna; Yang, Seung R.; Zhao, Yue; Pottie, Gregory

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    assuming the cognitive radios know their own coordinates.Networked Sensing Cognitive Radio Networks As SensorIntroduction: Cognitive Radio (CR) Networks The Need For

  1. Digital Historical Research: An Ideal Case Study for Networked Visualisation Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weyrich, Tim

    of Sussex), Tim Weyrich (UCL), Melissa Terras (UCL), Claire Warwick (UCL) #12;Our Thesis · Historians

  2. anti-shock garment historical: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    study of 854 women was conducted in four referral facilities in Nigeria and two in Egypt between 2004-2008. Entry criteria were women with PPH due to uterine atony, retained...

  3. From Made in America to Hecho en Sinaloa: A Historical Geography of North American Methamphetamine Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbreath, Aaron Hastings

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    developing countries. Geographical analyses of methamphetamine have been limited. Lu and Burnum (2008) conducted a statistical analysis of lab seizures around Colorado...

  4. Proton linear accelerators: A theoretical and historical introduction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lapostolle, P.M.

    1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From the beginning, the development of linear accelerators has followed a number of different directions. This report surveys the basic ideas and general principles of such machines, pointing out the problems that have led to the various improvements, with the hope that it may also aid further progress. After a brief historical survey, the principal aspects of accelerator theory are covered in some detail: phase stability, focusing, radio-frequency accelerating structures, the detailed calculation of particle dynamics, and space-charge effects at high intensities. These developments apply essentially to proton and ion accelerators, and only the last chapter deals with a few aspects relative to electrons. 134 refs.

  5. Residential Transportation Historical Data Tables for 1983-2001

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventionalMississippi"site.1 Relative Standard Errors forA2. For RenewableRTECS Historical

  6. Review of Historical Membrane Workshop Results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy at Waste-to-Energy usingofRetrofitting Doors onNovemberHistorical Membrane

  7. Oregon State Historic Preservation Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompany Oil andOpenEITODOOregon Public HealthHistoric

  8. Hawaii State Historic Preservation Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG|Information OpenEI ReferenceNoise FormsHistoric Preservation

  9. Idaho State Historical Society Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtel JumpCounty, Texas:ITCSolid Waste Webpage Abstract ThisHistorical

  10. Historical SPR Annual Reports to Congress | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking of Blythe Solar PowerCommercial Cold ClimateHiring ReformHistoricGroup

  11. Maine State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetterEconomyDr.Energy Maine State Historic Preservation

  12. Utah State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your DensityEnergy U.S.-China Electric Vehicle and03/02 TUE 08:59 FAXFactEnergy Utah State Historic

  13. National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers website | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: EnergyEnergy Information Conference of State Historic

  14. Nevada State Historic Preservation Office Webpage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: EnergyEnergyPPCR) JumpAirWork (Water Right)SolarHistoric

  15. Nevada State Historic Preservation Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: EnergyEnergyPPCR) JumpAirWork (Water Right)SolarHistoricNevada

  16. Continuous Time Bayesian Network Approximate Inference and Social Network Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan, Yu

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modeling Social Network Dynamics . . . . . . . . . . . .85 Social Network Dynamic85 Static Social Network Models . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  17. Published with the assistance of the Earl D. Babst Fund, an endowment of the Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michigan, University of

    Historical Library, University of Michigan. Bentley Historical Library Bulletin No. 54, revised, June 2010 © 2010--Bentley Historical Library The University of Michigan Ann Arbor Bentley Historical Library University of Michigan 1150 Beal Ave. Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113 USA Phone: 734-764-3482 Reference e

  18. National Register of Historic Places multiple property documentation form -- Historic, archaeological, and traditional cultural properties of the Hanford Site, Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nickens, P.R.

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy`s Hanford Site encompasses an area of 560 square miles on the Columbia River in southeastern Washington. Since 1943, the Hanford Site has existed as a protected area for activities primarily related to the production of radioactive materials for national defense uses. For cultural resources on the Hanford Site, establishment of the nuclear reservation as a high security area, with public access restricted, has resulted in a well-protected status, although no deliberate resource protection measures were in effect to mitigate effects of facilities construction and associated activities. Thus, the Hanford Site contains an extensive record of aboriginal archaeological sites and Native American cultural properties, along with pre-Hanford Euro-American sites (primarily archaeological in nature with the removal of most pre-1943 structures), and a considerable number of Manhattan Project/Cold War era buildings and structures. The recent mission change from production to clean up and disposal of DOE lands created a critical need for development and implementation of new and different cultural resource management strategies. DOE-RL has undertaken a preservation planning effort for the Hanford Site. The intent of this Plan is to enable DOE-RL to organize data and develop goals, objectives, and priorities for the identification, evaluation, registration, protection, preservation, and enhancement of the Site`s historical and cultural properties. Decisions made about the identification, evaluation, registration and treatment of historic properties are most aptly made when relationships between individual properties and other similar properties are considered. The historic context and the multiple property documentation (NTD) process provides DOE-RL the organizational framework for these decisions. Once significant patterns are identified, contexts developed, and expected properties are defined, the NTD process provides the foundation for future decisions concerning the management of significant cultural resources on the Hanford Site.

  19. NetworksNetworks andand hypernetworkshypernetworks 33

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vilela Mendes, Rui

    NetworksNetworks andand hypernetworkshypernetworks 33 NetworksNetworks inin economyeconomy Rui.1 #12;TheThe networksnetworks ofof thethe corporatecorporate eliteelite TheThe Elite 16Elite 16 inin informationinformation inin thethe networknetwork !! CorporateCorporate governancegovernance practicespractices

  20. arteriaalne hpertensioon kui: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    kui (more) Musaeva, Olga 2011-01-01 37 Thunderstorm and lightning climatology in the Baltic countries and in northern Europe. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary:...

  1. area management plan: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6 NEW RIVER AREA OF CRITICAL ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERN MANAGEMENT PLAN CiteSeer Summary: New River is a dynamic, ever-changing system influenced by biological, climatological,...

  2. Seismic Risk Mitigation of Historical Minarets Using SMA Wire Dampers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Attar, Adel G.; Saleh, Ahmed M.; El-Habbal, Islam R. [Structural Engineering Department, Cairo University, Giza (Egypt)

    2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the results of a research program sponsored by the European Commission through project WIND-CHIME (Wide Range Non-INtrusive Devices toward Conservation of HIstorical Monuments in the MEditerranean Area), in which the possibility of using advanced seismic protection technologies to preserve historical monuments in the Mediterranean area is investigated. In the current research, two outstanding Egyptian Mamluk-Style minarets, are investigated. The first is the southern minaret of Al-Sultaniya (1340 A.D, 739 Hijri Date (H.D.)), the second is the minaret of Qusun minaret (1337 A.D, 736 H.D.), both located within the city of Cairo. Based on previous studies on the minarets by the authors, a seismic retrofit technique is proposed. The technique utilizes shape memory alloy (SMA) wires as dampers for the upper, more flexible, parts of the minarets in addition to vertical pre-stressing of the lower parts found to be prone to tensile cracking under ground excitation. The effectiveness of the proposed technique is numerically evaluated via nonlinear transient dynamic analyses. The results indicate the effectiveness of the technique in mitigating the seismic hazard, demonstrated by the effective reduction in stresses and in dynamic response.

  3. Routing in hybrid networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Avinash

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hybrid networks are networks that have wired as well as wireless components. Several routing protocols exist for traditional wired networks and mobile ad-hoc networks. However, there are very few routing protocols designed for hybrid networks...

  4. Predicting Community Evolution in Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saganowski, Stanis?aw; Bródka, Piotr; Zygmunt, Anna; Kazienko, Przemys?aw; Ko?lak, Jaros?aw

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nowadays, sustained development of different social media can be observed worldwide. One of the relevant research domains intensively explored recently is analysis of social communities existing in social media as well as prediction of their future evolution taking into account collected historical evolution chains. These evolution chains proposed in the paper contain group states in the previous time frames and its historical transitions that were identified using one out of two methods: Stable Group Changes Identification (SGCI) and Group Evolution Discovery (GED). Based on the observed evolution chains of various length, structural network features are extracted, validated and selected as well as used to learn classification models. The experimental studies were performed on three real datasets with different profile: DBLP, Facebook and Polish blogosphere. The process of group prediction was analysed with respect to different classifiers as well as various descriptive feature sets extracted from evolution ...

  5. Efficient Analysis of Live and Historical Streaming Data and its Application to Cybersecurity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiss, Frederick; Stockinger, Kurt; Wu, Kesheng; Shoshani, Arie; Hellerstein, Joseph M.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a small team of network administrators to maintain a 24-hourreports for the network administrator. Each analysis that

  6. Peer-to-Peer Networks Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marbach, Peter

    Overview Peer-to-Peer Networks Social Networks Research Hybrid Peer-to-Peer Networks P2P and Online Social Networks: The Best Has Yet to Come Peter Marbach, Dept. of Computer Science University of Toronto P2P and Online Social Networks: The Best Has Yet to Come #12;Overview Peer-to-Peer Networks Social

  7. NMAC 4.10.15 Cultural Properties and Historic Preservation Standards...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cultural Properties and Historic Preservation Standards for Survey and Inventory Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document-...

  8. EECBG Success Story: Historic School Building Taking On NewEnergy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs The historic Baton Rouge Junior High School in Louisiana is going through a renovation to integrate energy efficiency upgrades...

  9. Historical narratives of Big Chico Creek Watershed Alliance and Butte Creek Watershed Conservancy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Mary Ann; Matz, Mike

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Passage on Upper Butte Creek: An Assessment of the NaturalHistorical Narratives of Big Chico Creek Watershed Allianceand Butte Creek Watershed Conservancy Mary Ann King and Mike

  10. Historical Experiments in Students’ Hands: Unfragmenting Science through Action and History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cavicchi, Elizabeth

    Two students, meeting together with a teacher, redid historical experiments. Unlike conventional instruction where science topics and practices often fragment, they experienced interrelatedness among phenomena, participants’ ...

  11. Math 419 Historical Perspectives of Mathematics Spring 2009 Instructor Amites Sarkar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarkar, Amites

    Math 419 Historical Perspectives of Mathematics Spring 2009 Instructor Amites Sarkar Text-mail is amites.sarkar@wwu.edu #12;

  12. An historical collection of papers on nuclear thermal propulsion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present volume of historical papers on nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) encompasses NTP technology development regarding solid-core NTP technology, advanced concepts from the early years of NTP research, and recent activities in the field. Specific issues addressed include NERVA rocket-engine technology, the development of nuclear rocket propulsion at Los Alamos, fuel-element development, reactor testing for the Rover program, and an overview of NTP concepts and research emphasizing two decades of NASA research. Also addressed are the development of the 'nuclear light bulb' closed-cycle gas core and a demonstration of a fissioning UF6 gas in an argon vortex. The recent developments reviewed include the application of NTP to NASA's Lunar Space Transportation System, the use of NTP for the Space Exploration Initiative, and the development of nuclear rocket engines in the former Soviet Union.

  13. Radiative forcing in the ACCMIP historical and future climate simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shindell, Drew; Lamarque, J.-F.; Schulz, M.; Flanner, M. G.; Jiao, C.; Chin, Mian; Young, P. J.; Lee, Y. H.; Rotstayn, Leon; Mahowald, N. M.; Milly, G.; Faluvegi, G.; Balkanski, Y.; Collins, W. J.; Conley, Andrew; Dalsoren, S.; Easter, Richard C.; Ghan, Steven J.; Horowitz, L.; Liu, Xiaohong; Myhre, G.; Nagashima, T.; Naik, Vaishali; Rumbold, S.; Skeie, R. B.; Sudo, K.; Szopa, S.; Takemura, T.; Voulgarakis, A.; Yoon, Jin-Ho; Lo, Fiona

    2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) examined the short-lived drivers of climate change in current climate models. Here we evaluate the 10 ACCMIP models that included aerosols, 8 of which also participated in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5 (CMIP5). The models reproduce present-day total aerosol optical depth (AOD) relatively well, though many are biased low. Contributions from individual aerosol components are quite different, however, and most models underestimate east Asian AOD. The models capture most 1980-2000 AOD trends well, but underpredict increases over the Yellow/Eastern Sea. They strongly underestimate absorbing AOD in many regions. We examine both the direct radiative forcing (RF) and the forcing including rapid adjustments (effective radiative forcing; ERF, including direct and indirect effects). The models’ all-sky 1850 to 2000 global mean annual average total aerosol RF is (mean; range) ?0.26Wm?2; ?0.06 to ?0.49Wm?2. Screening based on model skill in capturing observed AOD yields a best estimate of ?0.42Wm?2; ?0.33 to ?0.50Wm?2, including adjustment for missing aerosol components in some models. Many ACCMIP and CMIP5 models appear to produce substantially smaller aerosol RF than this best estimate. Climate feedbacks contribute substantially (35 to ?58 %) to modeled historical aerosol RF. The 1850 to 2000 aerosol ERF is ?1.17Wm?2; ?0.71 to ?1.44Wm?2. Thus adjustments, including clouds, typically cause greater forcing than direct RF. Despite this, the multi-model spread relative to the mean is typically the same for ERF as it is for RF, or even smaller, over areas with substantial forcing. The largest 1850 to 2000 negative aerosol RF and ERF values are over and near Europe, south and east Asia and North America. ERF, however, is positive over the Sahara, the Karakoram, high Southern latitudes and especially the Arctic. Global aerosol RF peaks in most models around 1980, declining thereafter with only weak sensitivity to the Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP). One model, however, projects approximately stable RF levels, while two show increasingly negative RF due to nitrate (not included in most models). Aerosol ERF, in contrast, becomes more negative during 1980 to 2000. During this period, increased Asian emissions appear to have a larger impact on aerosol ERF than European and North American decreases due to their being upwind of the large, relatively pristine Pacific Ocean. There is no clear relationship between historical aerosol ERF and climate sensitivity in the CMIP5 subset of ACCMIP models. In the ACCMIP/CMIP5 models, historical aerosol ERF of about ?0.8 to ?1.5Wm?2 is most consistent with observed historical warming. Aerosol ERF masks a large portion of greenhouse forcing during the late 20th and early 21st century at the global scale. Regionally, aerosol ERF is so large that net forcing is negative over most industrialized and biomass burning regions through 1980, but remains strongly negative only over east and southeast Asia by 2000. Net forcing is strongly positive by 1980 over most deserts, the Arctic, Australia, and most tropical oceans. Both the magnitude of and area covered by positive forcing expand steadily thereafter.

  14. CONFRRM Solar Energy Resource Data: Data from the Cooperative Network for Renewable Resource Measurements

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Prior to January 1, 1996, five CONFRRM sites together with South Caroline State College in Orangeburg, South Carolina, made up the Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) Solar Radiation Monitoring Network, located in the Southeastern United States. In January 1997 the HBCU sites became part of CONFRRM.

  15. Aesthetic Impact of a Proposed Power Plant on an Historic Wilderness Landscape1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    Aesthetic Impact of a Proposed Power Plant on an Historic Wilderness Landscape1 2 Carl H. Petrich impact of a proposed nuclear power plant, the historic foundation of American concepts of scenic beauty. This research concluded that building the power plant in this location would entail an unacceptable, negative

  16. Trans-Pecos Wagon Trail Tour West Texas Historical Association Annual Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    Trans-Pecos Wagon Trail Tour West Texas Historical Association Annual Meeting April 3, 2014, Odessa, Texas. Historically it was major landmark on the trail west as one of a few fordable sections of the Pecos in West Texas, and as a first source of water for about 75 miles on the wagon and stage route from

  17. HADARA A Software System for Semi-Automatic Processing of Historical Handwritten Arabic Documents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Sana, Jihad

    HADARA ­ A Software System for Semi-Automatic Processing of Historical Handwritten Arabic Documents-Gurion University of the Negev, Be'er-Sheva, Israel Raid Saabni; Faculty of Engineering, Tel-Aviv University available and to preserve historical documents. We present a modular software system which can be used

  18. Historical Population Structure of Central Valley Steelhead and its Alteration by Dams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, Bernie

    Historical Population Structure of Central Valley Steelhead and its Alteration by Dams STEVEN T. Pres- ently, impassable dams block access to 80% of historically available habitat, and block access Steelhead, O. mykiss, endangered species, population structure, dispersal, habitat model, dams, Central

  19. Historical and Modern Disturbance Regimes, Stand Structures, and Landscape Dynamics in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swetnam, Thomas W.

    Historical and Modern Disturbance Regimes, Stand Structures, and Landscape Dynamics in Pińon, OR 97331 12 Natural Heritage New Mexico, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 13 of the variability in historical and modern ecosystem structure and disturbance processes that exists among the many

  20. Mechanical characteristics of aged Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa Endl.) wood from Japanese historical buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    historical buildings -Comparative analyses with accelerated aging wood- Misao YOKOYAMA*1 , Joseph GRIL*1 Abstract Wood is present in many cultural heritage objects thanks to its capacity to resist odvantage with mechanical characteristics of aged hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa Endl.) wood of Japanese historical buildings

  1. HISTORICAL DOCUMENT ANALYSIS: A REVIEW OF FRENCH PROJECTS AND OPEN ISSUES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    HISTORICAL DOCUMENT ANALYSIS: A REVIEW OF FRENCH PROJECTS AND OPEN ISSUES Mickael Coustaty, Romain points out the necessities and importance of ded- icated services oriented to historical documents which deal with the en- richment and the exploitation of heritage documents. This synthesis lead

  2. AMETHODOLOGY OF ANALYSIS FOR A CRITIQUE INTERPRETATION OF THE DATAACQUIRED FROM MONITORING SYSTEM OF HISTORICAL BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    OF HISTORICAL BUILDINGS Simonetta Baraccani1 , Tomaso Trombetti 1 , Michele Palermo1 , Giada Gasparini1 simonetta.baraccani2@unibo.it ABSTRACT Preserving historical buildings is essential in the safeguard of the cultural heritage of any country. The need to carry out structural analysis with non-destructive methods

  3. Muses from the past: historical flute recordings and today's performance style Abigail Dolan (University of Surrey)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miranda, Eduardo Reck

    Muses from the past: historical flute recordings and today's performance style Abigail Dolan, Malet Street, London WC1 Combining historical and practical perspectives, the seminar both presents my heritage can be creatively used in performance. The presentation overviews the changes in flute performance

  4. Representing and Utilizing Changing Historical Places as an Ontology Time Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyvönen, Eero

    Chapter 1 Representing and Utilizing Changing Historical Places as an Ontology Time Series Eero Hyv.g. Check Republic or Slo- vakia) or overlapping historic names of different times (e.g. Roman Empire interfaces. The system has been applied in the semantic cultural heritage portal CULTURESAMPO for semantic

  5. In situ 3D characterization of historical coatings and wood using multimodal nonlinear optical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    In situ 3D characterization of historical coatings and wood using multimodal nonlinear optical optical imaging of historical artifacts by combining Second Harmonic Generation (SHG) and Two commonly encountered in coatings of cultural heritage artifacts by analyzing one- and multi-layered model

  6. IAPRS, Vol. XXXIII, Amsterdam, 2000 MODELLING HISTORIC SITES AND MONUMENTS IN 3D HERITAGE INFORMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    IAPRS, Vol. XXXIII, Amsterdam, 2000 MODELLING HISTORIC SITES AND MONUMENTS IN 3D HERITAGE.u-strasbg.fr TC V-8 Site recording and modelling TC V-10 World Cultural heritage and information ABSTRACT The modelling of 3D objects in surveying and particularly of historic monuments is generally

  7. RECONSTRUCTING THE HISTORICAL FREQUENCY OF FIRE: A MODELING APPROACH TO DEVELOPING AND TESTING METHODS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RECONSTRUCTING THE HISTORICAL FREQUENCY OF FIRE: A MODELING APPROACH TO DEVELOPING AND TESTING Report No.: 225 Title of Research Project: Reconstructing The Historical Frequency Of Fire: A Modeling J. Fall iii Abstract Fire is a prevalent natural disturbance in most of British Columbia's forest

  8. Historical Ecology of the lower santa clara river, Ventura river, and oxnard Plain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Historical Ecology of the lower santa clara river, Ventura river, and oxnard Plain: an analysis. Historical ecology of the lower Santa Clara River,Ventura River, and Oxnard Plain: an analysis of terrestrial layers are available on SFEI's website, at www.sfei.org/projects/VenturaHE. Permissions rights for images

  9. Deriving a model for influenza epidemics from historical data.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ray, Jaideep; Lefantzi, Sophia

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this report we describe how we create a model for influenza epidemics from historical data collected from both civilian and military societies. We derive the model when the population of the society is unknown but the size of the epidemic is known. Our interest lies in estimating a time-dependent infection rate to within a multiplicative constant. The model form fitted is chosen for its similarity to published models for HIV and plague, enabling application of Bayesian techniques to discriminate among infectious agents during an emerging epidemic. We have developed models for the progression of influenza in human populations. The model is framed as a integral, and predicts the number of people who exhibit symptoms and seek care over a given time-period. The start and end of the time period form the limits of integration. The disease progression model, in turn, contains parameterized models for the incubation period and a time-dependent infection rate. The incubation period model is obtained from literature, and the parameters of the infection rate are fitted from historical data including both military and civilian populations. The calibrated infection rate models display a marked difference in which the 1918 Spanish Influenza pandemic differed from the influenza seasons in the US between 2001-2008 and the progression of H1N1 in Catalunya, Spain. The data for the 1918 pandemic was obtained from military populations, while the rest are country-wide or province-wide data from the twenty-first century. We see that the initial growth of infection in all cases were about the same; however, military populations were able to control the epidemic much faster i.e., the decay of the infection-rate curve is much higher. It is not clear whether this was because of the much higher level of organization present in a military society or the seriousness with which the 1918 pandemic was addressed. Each outbreak to which the influenza model was fitted yields a separate set of parameter values. We suggest 'consensus' parameter values for military and civilian populations in the form of normal distributions so that they may be further used in other applications. Representing the parameter values as distributions, instead of point values, allows us to capture the uncertainty and scatter in the parameters. Quantifying the uncertainty allows us to use these models further in inverse problems, predictions under uncertainty and various other studies involving risk.

  10. A historical review of Waste Isolation Pilot Plant backfill development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KRUMHANSL,JAMES L.; MOLECKE,MARTIN A.; PAPENGUTH,HANS W.; BRUSH,LAURENCE H.

    2000-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Backfills have been part of Sandia National Laboratories' [Sandia's] Waste Isolation Pilot Plant [WIPP] designs for over twenty years. Historically, backfill research at Sandia has depended heavily on the changing mission of the WIPP facility. Early testing considered heat producing, high level, wastes. Bentonite/sand/salt mixtures were evaluated and studies focused on developing materials that would retard brine ingress, sorb radionuclides, and withstand elevated temperatures. The present-day backfill consists of pure MgO [magnesium oxide] in a pelletized form and is directed at treating the relatively low contamination level, non-heat producing, wastes actually being disposed of in the WIPP. Its introduction was motivated by the need to scavenging CO{sub 2} [carbon dioxide] from decaying organic components in the waste. However, other benefits, such as a substantial desiccating capacity, are also being evaluated. The MgO backfill also fulfills a statutory requirement for assurance measures beyond those needed to demonstrate compliance with the US Environmental Protection Agency [EPA] regulatory release limits. However, even without a backfill, the WIPP repository design still operates within EPA regulatory release limits.

  11. Review of historical monitoring data on Techa River contamination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vorobiova, M.I.; Degteva, M.O.; Burmistrov, D.S.; Safronova, N.G.; Kozheurov, V.P. (Urals Research Center for Radiation Medicine, Chelyabinsk (Russian Federation)); Anspaugh, L.R. (Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)); Napier, B.A. (Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States))

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Mayak Production Association was the first Russian site for the production and separation of plutonium. The extensive increase in plutonium production during 1948--1955, as well as the absence of reliable waste-management technology, resulted in significant releases of liquid radioactive effluent into the rather small Techa River. This resulted in chronic external and internal exposure of about 30,000 residents of riverside communities; these residents from the cohort of an epidemiologic investigation. Analysis of the available historical monitoring data indicates that the following reliable data sets can be used for reconstruction of doses received during the early periods of operation of the Mayak Production Association: temporal pattern of specific beta activity of river water for several sites in the upper Techa region since July 1951; average annual values of specific beta activity of river water and bottom sediments as a function of downstream distance for the whole river since 1951; external gamma-exposure rates near the shoreline as a function of downstream distance for the whole Techa River since 1952; and external gamma-exposure rate as a function of distance from the shoreline for several sites in the upper and middle Techa since 1951.

  12. Historical literature review on waste classification and categorization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Croff, A.G.; Richmond, A.A.; Williams, J.P.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Staff of the Waste Management Document Library (WMDL), in cooperation with Allen Croff have been requested to provide information support for a historical search concerning waste categorization/classification. This bibliography has been compiled under the sponsorship of Oak Ridge National Laboratory`s Chemical Technology Division to help in Allen`s ongoing committee work with the NRC/NRCP. After examining the search, Allen Croff saw the value of the search being published. Permission was sought from the database providers to allow limited publication (i.e. 20--50 copies) of the search for internal distribution at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and for Allen Croff`s associated committee. Citations from the database providers who did not grant legal permission for their material to be published have been omitted from the literature review. Some of the longer citations have been included in an abbreviated form in the search to allow the format of the published document to be shortened from approximately 1,400 pages. The bibliography contains 372 citations.

  13. An Updated Historical Profile of the Higgs Boson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John Ellis; Mary K. Gaillard; Dimitri V. Nanopoulos

    2015-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The Higgs boson was postulated in 1964, and phenomenological studies of its possible production and decays started in the early 1970s, followed by studies of its possible production in electron-positron, antiproton-proton and proton-proton collisions, in particular. Until recently, the most sensitive searches for the Higgs boson were at LEP between 1989 and 2000, which were complemented by searches at the Fermilab Tevatron. Then the LHC experiments ATLAS and CMS entered the hunt, announcing on July 4, 2012 the discovery of a "Higgs-like" particle with a mass of about 125~GeV. This identification has been supported by subsequent measurements of its spin, parity and coupling properties. It was widely anticipated that the Higgs boson would be accompanied by supersymmetry, although other options, like compositeness, were not completely excluded. So far there are no signs any new physics, and the measured properties of the Higgs boson are consistent with the predictions of the minimal Standard Model. This article reviews some of the key historical developments in Higgs physics over the past half-century.

  14. Conference on energy research at historically black universities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A conference was convened to present and discuss significant research and development in Historically Black Institutions (current and past); areas that show potential for inter-institutional collaboration and the sharing of facilities; existing capabilities to sustain funded research activities and future potential for expansion and enhancement; and appropriate arrangements for maximum interaction with industry and government agencies. Papers were presented at small group meetings in various energy research areas, and abstracts of the projects or programs are presented. The Solar Energy small group provided contributions in the areas of photovoltaics, biomass, solar thermal, and wind. Research reported on by the Fossil Fuel small group comprises efforts in the areas of fluidized bed combustion of coal, coal liquefaction, and oil shale pyrolysis. Five research programs reported on by the Conservation Research small group involve a summer workshop for high school students on energy conservation; use of industrial waste heat for a greenhouse; solar energy and energy conservation research and demonstration; energy efficiency and management; and a conservation program targeted at developing a model for educating low income families. The Environment Impact groups (2) presented contributions on physical and chemical impacts and biological monitors and impacts. The Policy Research group presented four papers on a careful analysis of the Equity issues; one on a model for examining the economic issue in looking at the interaction between energy technology and the state of the economy; and a second paper examined the institutional constraints on environmental oriented energy policy. Six additional abstracts by invited participants are presented. (MCW)

  15. Investigation of Project Management Planning Practices for Renovation of Historical Buildings in Urban Contexts Located in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escamilla, Edelmiro

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    of these questions, the study incorporated three major bodies of knowledge. The first body of literature focused on project management practices associated with project success. The second concentrated on historic preservation with a focus on historic significance...

  16. Collections Hidden or Lost: Issues and Opportunities for the Preservation and Use of Historical and Archival Collections in Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Scott

    2005-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    aids and directories to historical research materials. This paper outlines a number of challenges facing the would-be conservators and users of historical and archival collections in education, as well as a number of opportunities for improving...

  17. TAO, Vol. 16, No. 2, 331-343, June 2005 A Refined Historical Record of Volcanic Eruptions around Taiwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Andrew Tien-Shun

    . 2. RESULTS Five historical submarine eruptions around offshore Taiwan have been reported (Simkin in the Volcanoes of the World (Simkin and Siebert 1994). The refined results of five historical records around

  18. Supporting document for the North East Quandrant Historical Tank Content Estimate Report for BX-Tank Farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H.

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This supporting document provides historical in-depth characterization information gathered on BX-Tank Farm, such as historical waste transfer and level data, tank physical information, temperature data, sampling data, and drywell and liquid observation well data for Historical Tank Content Estimate Report of the NE Quandrant and the Hanford 200 East Areas.

  19. Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage, 15(3), 255-257 (2012). IAU HISTORIC RADIO ASTRONOMY WORKING GROUP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groppi, Christopher

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage, 15(3), 255-257 (2012). Page 255 IAU HISTORIC RADIO Wielebinski Hugo van Woerden 1 INTRODUCTION The IAU Working Group on Historical Radio Astron- omy (WGHRA Astronomy) and 41 (History of Astronomy), in order to: a) assemble a master list of surviving historically

  20. Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage, 7: 53-56 (2004) The IAU Historic Radio Astronomy Working Group.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groppi, Christopher

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage, 7: 53-56 (2004) The IAU Historic Radio Astronomy General Assembly in Sydney, with a view to: (1) assembling a master list of surviving historically. Early observations of the H-line in Sydney. #12;IAU Historic Radio Astronomy WG Report #1 54 Murray, J

  1. User-Assisted Alignment of Arabic Historical Manuscripts Abedelkadir Asi Irina Rabaev Klara Kedem Jihad El-Sana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Sana, Jihad

    the digitization of historical documents for preserva- tion and analysis of cultural heritage. This developmentUser-Assisted Alignment of Arabic Historical Manuscripts Abedelkadir Asi Irina Rabaev Klara Kedem,rabaev,klara,el-sana}@cs.bgu.ac.il ABSTRACT This work aims to simplify the tiresome manual compari- son of two similar Arabic historical

  2. Supporting document for the north east quadrant historical tank content estimate report for AX-tank farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H.; Gaddis, L.A.; Walsh, A.C.

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Supporting Document provides historical in-depth characterization information gathered in AX-Tank Farm, such as historical waste transfer and level data, tank physical information, temperature data, sampling data, and drywell and liquid observation well data for Historical Tank Content Estimate Report of the NE Quadrant and the Hanford 200 East Areas.

  3. Historical tank content estimate for the southeast quadrant of the Hanford 200 area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H.; Stroup, J.L.; Funk, J.W., Fluor Daniel Hanford

    1997-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The Historical Tank Content Estimate for the Quadrant provides historical information on a tank-by-tank basis of the radioactive mixed wastes stored in the underground single-shell tanks for the Hanford 200 Areas. This report summarized historical information such as waste history, level history, temperature history, riser configuration, tank integrity, and inventory estimates on a tank- by-tank basis. Tank farm aerial photographs and interior tank montages are also provided for each tank. A description of the development of data for the document of the inventory estimates provided by Los Alamos National Laboratory are also given in this report.

  4. Secure and efficient wireless networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellardo, John Michael

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CA Systems and Network Administrator California Integrationgives the campus network administrators complete admissionin engineered networks, enterprise administrators try to

  5. Analysis of SX farm leak histories -- Historical leak model (HLM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fredenburg, E.A.

    1998-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This report uses readily available historical information to better define the volume, chemical composition, and Cs-137/Sr-90 amounts for leaks that have occurred in the past for tanks SX-108, SX-109, SX-111, and SX-112. In particular a Historical Leak Model (HLM) is developed that is a month by month reconciliation of tank levels, fill records, and calculated boil-off rates for these tanks. The HLM analysis is an independent leak estimate that reconstructs the tank thermal histories thereby deriving each tank`s evaporative volume loss and by difference, its unaccounted losses as well. The HLM analysis was meant to demonstrate the viability of its approach, not necessarily to establish the HLM leak estimates as being definitive. Past leak estimates for these tanks have invariably resorted to soil wetting arguments but the extent of soil contaminated by each leak has always been highly uncertain. There is also a great deal of uncertainty with the HLM that was not quantified in this report, but will be addressed later. These four tanks (among others) were used from 1956 to 1975 for storage of high-level waste from the Redox process at Hanford. During their operation, tank waste temperatures were often as high as 150 C (300 F), but were more typically around 130 C. The primary tank cooling was by evaporation of tank waste and therefore periodic replacement of lost volume with water was necessary to maintain each tank`s inventory. This active reflux of waste resulted in very substantial turnovers in tank inventory as well as significant structural degradation of these tanks. As a result of the loss of structural integrity, each of these tanks leaked during their active periods of operation. Unfortunately, the large turnover in tank volume associated with their reflux cooling has made a determination of leak volumes very difficult. During much of these tanks operational histories, inventory losses because of evaporative cooling could have effectively masked any volume loss due to leak. However, careful comparison with reported tank levels during certain periods clearly show unaccounted volume losses for many tanks. As a result of the HLM analysis, SX-108, SX-109, SX-111, and SX-112 all show clear evidence of unaccounted volume losses during the period 1958 to 1975. Likewise, the HLM does not show similar unaccounted volume losses for tank SX-105, a tank with no reported leak history, verifying that the HLM is consistent with SX-105 not leaking. These unaccounted volume losses establish the leak start date and rate, and when propagated over time show that SX-108 lost 203 kgal followed by SX-109 at 111. SX-111 at 55, and SX-112 at 44 kgal.0664 These leak volumes represent maximum or upper bounds estimates of each leak and are in total volume about six times the previous leak estimates.

  6. Historical chronology of Hanscom AFB 1941-1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Del Papa, E.M.; Warner, M.P.

    1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contents are Initial Efforts; Program Guidance; Development, Test and Evaluation (DTandE)/Initial; Operational Test and Evaluation (IOTandE); Production Contract for HAVE A QUICK AN/ARC-164 Modification Kits; Additional HAVE QUICK Requirements; Additional HAVE QUICK Program Guidance; HAVE QUICK Extension; Deployment and Testing; FY 1981 Supplemental Budget Buy of HAVE QUICK Production Units AN/GRC-171 HAVE QUICK Modified Radio Contract; HAVE QUICK for the E-3A AWACS; Program Management Responsibility Transfer (PMRT) for the HAVE QUICK AN/ARC-164 Radio; HAVE QUICK for the Tactical Air Control System (TACS); Additional HAVE QUICK Program Guidance; Air Force Organizational Excellence Award to HAVE QUICK Program Office; HAVE QUICK for the E-3A; HAVE QUICK for NATO; AN/GRC-171 HAVE QUICK Modified Radio; HAVE QUICK Contract F19628-81-c-0151; SEEK BARON; Additional HAVE QUICK Program Guidance; Production; HAVE QUICK Net Rollover Problem; HAVE QUICK System Timing; GRC-171(V)4 Enhancements and Production; HAVE QUICK Technical Order (TO) Issues; HAVE QUICK GRC-171 Multiplexing (MUX) Network; HAVE QUICK for NATO; Navy Problem with HAVE QUICK; Nuclear Hardening, HAVE QUICK ARC-164C; HAVE QUICK GRC-171A(V)2; Midnight Madness; HAVE QUICK GRC-171 Multiplexing (MUX) Network; U.S. Marine Corps HAVE QUICK requirements; HAVE QUICK for NATO; HAVE QUICK Program Costs; and Summary and Conclusion.

  7. THE ATMOSPHERE IN Basic Climatology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sectoral Applications Research Project #12;Factor 1: Our Energy Source Hi, I'm the Sun! I provide 99.9999+ percent of the energy that drives the Earth's weather and climate patterns. In other words, I pretty much intense) vs. oblique (less intense) energy Equator Less direct energy: Colder temps! Less direct energy

  8. Basic Climatology Colorado Climate Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    have normals? People adjust their practices (ag, water resources, etc.) based on recent history Normals are exactly that: recent history About a generation of history, to be exact Normals are a good diagnostic tool to put events in perspective Normals are a great planning tool (again: agriculture, water

  9. Insights into the historical construction of species-rich Mesoamerican seasonally dry tropical forests: the diversification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olson, Mark

    Insights into the historical construction of species-rich Mesoamerican seasonally dry tropical, Mesoamerica, niche conservatism, seasonally dry tropical forests. Summary · Mesoamerican arid biomes epitomize the vast species richness of Meso- american seasonally dry tropical forests (SDTFs), and to evaluate

  10. From Writers and Readers to Participants: A Rhetorical/Historical Perspective on Authorship in Social Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melzow, Candice

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    of social media content. First, past models of authorship are surveyed to locate rhetorical precedents for the model(s) that currently exists in social media. After comparing potential historical precedents to the overall process of content creation...

  11. Historical Survey of Daylighting Calculations Methods and Their Use in Energy Performance Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kota, S.; Haberl, J. S.

    This paper traces the historical development of different daylighting calculation methods. Over the years there have been several developments in daylighting calculation methods. The last two decades have seen a number of new ideas and approaches...

  12. The invention of the historic city : building the past in East Berlin, 1970-1990

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urban, Florian

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The idea of a "historic city" is a rather recent phenomenon. As a conceptual framework, it evolved over the course of the 1970s and 1980s from the intellectual foundations of modernist urban design. This is especially well ...

  13. NASA/SP-2013-605 An Analysis and a Historical Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    Space Information 7115 Standard Drive Hanover, MD 21076-1320 #12;NASA/SP-2013-605 An Analysis and a Historical Drive 5285 Port Royal Road Hanover, MD 21076-1320 Springfield, VA 22161 301-621-0390 703

  14. We have found the Messiah : the Twelve and the historical Jesus’ Davidic messiahship 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zolondek, Michael Vicko

    2014-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most long-standing and controversial questions in historical Jesus research is that of whether Jesus was a Davidic messianic figure. This question is part of the broader ‘messianic question’, i.e., the question ...

  15. A Historical View of the Magnolia Independent School District, Magnolia, Texas, 1900-2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Robert M.

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    understanding of the future. This qualitative explanatory historical study of the schools of Magnolia, Texas creates a record of the Magnolia Independent School District by focusing on the political climate, growth patterns, and ethnic influences from 1900...

  16. HBDR: a case-based tool for organizing architectural information on historic building designs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mulye, Leena

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , information regarding previous design projects is available in the form of historic photographs, measured drawings, details, descriptive text and notes. This information is currently available from different sources. It must be organized to enable effective...

  17. Bridges to Our Heritage: The Significance of Five Historic Bridges over Singapore River 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Yuk Hong Ian

    The success of conserving historical structures lies in a thorough understanding of its construction, materiality and physical context. This dissertation posits that an understanding of 19th and 20th century technology ...

  18. HISTORICAL NOTES CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 106, NO. 5, 10 MARCH 2014760

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshi, Yogesh Moreshwar

    HISTORICAL NOTES CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 106, NO. 5, 10 MARCH 2014760 Brajendra Nath Seal of this forgotten genius ­ a scholar who elevated and exposed brilliantly the cul- tural heritage of India, its

  19. Preserving the Queen (City's) crown jewel : historic preservation in Cincinnati's Over-the-Rhine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rieman-Klingler, Daniel G. (Daniel Glenn)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over-the-Rhine is a nationally significant historic district in Cincinnati, Ohio, and one of the City's greatest assets. Despite its tremendous character and potential, for years the district has languished through ...

  20. Historical and idealized climate model experiments: an intercomparison of Earth system models of intermediate complexity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monier, Erwan

    Both historical and idealized climate model experiments are performed with a variety of Earth system models of intermediate complexity (EMICs) as part of a community contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ...

  1. Historical and idealized model experiments: an intercomparison of Earth system models of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Historical and idealized model experiments: an intercomparison of Earth system models: an intercomparison of Earth system models of intermediate complexity M. Eby1, A. J. Weaver1, K. Alexander1, K

  2. Econometric analysis of the historical growth and volatility trends of various metals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Brittany Laurél

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Post Malthusian economics, there is growing recognition of the impact technological change and advance has on market activity. By studying historical production and price trends, boundaries of feasible growth can be ...

  3. Application of interactive agents in a web based historic preservation curriculum: usability and interaction design issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shah, Divya Satish

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    valuable criticism or appreciation for our performance in the class? This research attempts to address the issues mentioned above. Efforts have been made to provide a human, conversational interface with the help of interactive agentsą, for a Historic...

  4. Modernizing historical Slovene words with character-based SMT Yves Scherrer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Modernizing historical Slovene words with character-based SMT Yves Scherrer ALPAGE Université Paris- cently, character-based statistical machine trans- lation (C-SMT) (Vilar et al., 2007; Tiedemann, 2009

  5. Two rival versions of historical inquiry and their application to the study of the Sixteenth Amendment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noland, James R. L.

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    In this dissertation I identify the philosophy of Giambattista Vico and Karl Marx as representing, broadly, two rival versions of historical inquiry. Put simply, these rival versions endorse either reasons or causes, ...

  6. ANS Dedicates Reactor as Nuclear Historic Landmark on 50th Anniversary...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tracy Marc 708.579.8224 ANS Dedicates Reactor as Nuclear Historic Landmark on 50th Anniversary Listen to the audio La Grange Park, IL, - The American Nuclear Society (ANS) honored...

  7. Math 419 Historical Perspectives of Mathematics Winter 2014 Instructor Amites Sarkar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarkar, Amites

    Math 419 Historical Perspectives of Mathematics Winter 2014 Instructor Amites Sarkar Text and Fridays, in 216 Bond Hall. My phone number is 650 7569 and my e-mail is amites.sarkar@wwu.edu #12;

  8. Math 419 Historical Perspectives of Mathematics Fall 2012 Instructor Amites Sarkar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarkar, Amites

    Math 419 Historical Perspectives of Mathematics Fall 2012 Instructor Amites Sarkar Text The History and Thursdays, in 216 Bond Hall. My phone number is 650 7569 and my e-mail is amites.sarkar@wwu.edu #12;

  9. Math 419 Historical Perspectives of Mathematics Summer 2014 Instructor Amites Sarkar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarkar, Amites

    Math 419 Historical Perspectives of Mathematics Summer 2014 Instructor Amites Sarkar Text and Thursdays, in 216 Bond Hall. My phone number is 650 7569 and my e-mail is amites.sarkar@wwu.edu #12;

  10. Math 419 Historical Perspectives of Mathematics Fall 2011 Instructor Amites Sarkar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarkar, Amites

    Math 419 Historical Perspectives of Mathematics Fall 2011 Instructor Amites Sarkar Text The History and Thursdays, in 216 Bond Hall. My phone number is 650 7569 and my e-mail is amites.sarkar@wwu.edu #12;

  11. An examination of a specific network of poetics from the realm of language-image-sound relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seaman, Bill

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is my intention in this paper to examine the network of poetic relations which I explore in my art work. This document is divided into two main sections: part one deals with a number of art historical foci in regard to ...

  12. Photo Library of the Nevada Site Office (Includes historical archive of nuclear testing images)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    See also the Historical Film Library at http://www.nv.doe.gov/library/films/testfilms.aspx and the Current Film Library at http://www.nv.doe.gov/library/films/current.aspx. Current films can be viewed online, but only short clips of the historical films are viewable. They can be ordered via an online request form for a very small shipping and handling fee.

  13. Event Marks Addition of Historical Girl Scout Collection to KU Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    12/5/13 KU Libraries: Event Marks Addition of Historical Girl Scout Collection to KU Libraries www.lib.ku.edu/news/girlscouts.shtml 1/1 Contact Us KU Libraries Lawrence, Kansas 66045 (785) 864-8983 RESEARCH TOOLS AND EXPERTISE FOR TWENTY... Request Articles, Books,… Friends & Benefactors Suggestions Event Marks Addition of Historical Girl Scout Collection to KU Libraries KU Libraries hosted an event on Saturday, March 31 to commemorate the gift of a significant collection of papers...

  14. Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's Historic Preservation and Net-Zero Renovation Case Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, R.; Hayter, S.; Hotchkiss, E.; Pless, S.; Sielcken, J.; Smith-Larney, C.

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The federal government is mandated with improving efficiency of buildings, incorporating renewable energy, and achieving net-zero energy operations where possible. These challenges led GSA to consider aligning historic preservation renovations with net-zero energy goals. The Wayne N. Aspinall Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse (Aspinall Courthouse), in Grand Junction, Colorado, is an example of a renovation project that aimed to accomplish both historic preservation and net-zero energy goals.

  15. Network Embedded Systems Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir, Yair

    Battery Energy Reserve Manager = Bank Each task requests an account with conditions W ­ fraction Tracking 9 #12;Virtual Battery: An Energy Reserve Abstraction for Embedded Sensor Networks Qing Cao of real battery allocated N ­ number of energy installments L ­ expected lifetime of the task C

  16. Network coding for robust wireless networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, MinJi, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wireless networks and communications promise to allow improved access to services and information, ubiquitous connectivity, and mobility. However, current wireless networks are not well-equipped to meet the high bandwidth ...

  17. Network sampling and classification: An investigation of network model representations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Needleman, Daniel

    only one or two connectivity patterns of an observed network--such as degree distribution, or diameterNetwork sampling and classification: An investigation of network model representations Edoardo M: Connectivity pattern Network type Network metrics Network sampling Network classification Methods

  18. Network Maps

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated CodesTransparency VisitSilverNepheline crystallization inNetCDF Network

  19. Historical Tank Content Estimate for the Northwest Quandrant of the Hanford 200 East Area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H.; Gaddis, L.A.; Pickett, W.W.

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Historical Tank Content Estimate of the Northeast Quadrant provides historical evaluations on a tank by tank basis of the radioactive mixed wastes stored in the underground single-shell tanks of the Hanford 200 East area. This report summaries historical information such at waste history, temperature, tank integrity, inventory estimates and tank level history on a tank by tank basis. Tank Farm aerial photos and in-tank photos of each tank are provided. A brief description of instrumentation methods used for waste tank surveillance, along with the components of the data management effort, such as waste status and Transaction Record Summary, Tank Layering Model, Defined Waste Types, and Inventory Estimates to generate these tank content estimates are also given in this report.

  20. Supporting document for the Southeast Quadrant historical tank content estimate report for SY-tank farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H.; Gaddis, L.A.; Consort, S.D. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Historical Tank Content Estimate of the Southeast Quadrant provides historical evaluations on a tank by tank basis of the radioactive mixed wastes stored in the underground double-shell tanks of the Hanford 200 East and West Areas. This report summarizes historical information such as waste history, temperature profiles, psychrometric data, tank integrity, inventory estimates and tank level history on a tank by tank basis. Tank Farm aerial photos and in-tank photos of each tank are provided. A brief description of instrumentation methods used for waste tank surveillance are included. Components of the data management effort, such as Waste Status and Transaction Record Summary, Tank Layer Model, Supernatant Mixing Model, Defined Waste Types, and Inventory Estimates which generate these tank content estimates, are also given in this report.

  1. The development of accessibility standards and preservation guidelines for historic buildings: effects of accessibility standards on the preservation of historic courthouses in Texas, 1968-1998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmid, Peter John

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), accessibility requirements were extended to all public entities and nearly all other types of buildings with very limited exceptions While the ADA does not require State and local governments to implement... projects on existing buildings that "pose an undue financial or administrative burden, fundamentally alter the nature of a program, or threaten or destroy a building's historical significance"', certainly the ADA mandate that all programs be made...

  2. Current and historical sites associated with Veterinary Education in Edinburgh: Easter Bush Veterinary Centre, buildings and proposed buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warwick, Colin M; Macdonald, Alastair A

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This poster shows the current and historical sites associated with Veterinary Education in Edinburgh and a current plan of Easter Bush Veterinary Centre with buildings, map, etc....

  3. Hydrogeology of the Piedmont Springs National Historic Site Grimes County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waclawczyk, Randy R.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and to evaluate the potential impact of mining lignite resources in the vicinity of the Historic Site on the spring discharge. PIEDMONT SPRINGS HISTORIC SITE Piedmont Springs is located along Farm Road 3090, north of Piedmont, in central Grimes County, Texas... deposits separated by thinner delta front sands. The Piedmont Clay is a clayey, lignitic, sandy deposit ranging from 0 to 30 feet. The Lower Piedmont Sand is also a delta front sand which is truncated by fluvial channels and varies in thickness from 15...

  4. The Use of Triangular-Shaped PV Arrays to Better Blend into Historical Structures

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    When considering the installation of a solar PV array on a designated historical structure, placement of each solar panel requires extra attention to aesthetic considerations. If the solar array cannot be installed behind the structure or “hidden” on a roof plane that is not visible from the public street or sidewalk, it can sometimes be installed as an architectural feature that blends into the historical structure. One way to do this is to utilize triangular-shaped PV panels that conform with the building’s roof lines.

  5. Networks, Information & Social Capital

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aral, Sinan

    2008-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper investigates how information flows enable social networks to constitute social capital. By analyzing

  6. FES Science Network Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

    FES Science Network Requirements Report of the Fusion Energy Sciences Network Requirements Workshop Conducted March 13 and 14, 2008 #12;FES Science Network Requirements Workshop Fusion Energy Sciences Program Office, DOE Office of Science Energy Sciences Network Gaithersburg, MD ­ March 13 and 14, 2008 ESnet

  7. algebraic network coding: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and robust networking. For networks which are restricted to using linear network codes, we find necessary and sufficient conditions for the feasibility of any given set of...

  8. autoassociative neural network: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Convolutional Neural Networks 5 Mixture of density networks Englebienne, Gwenn 98 Fuzzy neural network pattern recognition algorithm for classification of the events in...

  9. attractor neural network: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Convolutional Neural Networks 5 Mixture of density networks Englebienne, Gwenn 138 Fuzzy neural network pattern recognition algorithm for classification of the events in...

  10. analog neural network: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Convolutional Neural Networks 5 Mixture of density networks Englebienne, Gwenn 118 Fuzzy neural network pattern recognition algorithm for classification of the events in...

  11. attractor neural networks: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Convolutional Neural Networks 5 Mixture of density networks Englebienne, Gwenn 138 Fuzzy neural network pattern recognition algorithm for classification of the events in...

  12. Survivability Considerations in Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ning, Jianxia

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    pre-configured by the network administrator, otherwise thedetermined by the network administrator according to if thebut also allow a network administrator to determine the

  13. Mobility in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehta, Ankur Mukesh

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Channel-Specific Wireless Sensor Network Path Data”. In:Average Power in Wireless Sensor Networks through Data Ratedesign space of wireless sensor networks”. In: IEEE Wireless

  14. Biographical Social Networks on Wikipedia - A cross-cultural study of links that made history

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aragón, Pablo; Laniado, David; Volkovich, Yana

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is arguable whether history is made by great men and women or vice versa, but undoubtably social connections shape history. Analysing Wikipedia, a global collective memory place, we aim to understanding how social interactions are recorded across cultures. We focus on the social networks of persons with biographical articles on the 15 largest language Wikipedias. We detect the most influential historical characters in these networks and point out culture-related peculiarities. Moreover, we reveal remarkable similarities between different groups of language Wikipedias and shared knowledge about social connections across cultures.

  15. Interconnection networks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Faber, V.; Moore, J.W.

    1988-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A network of interconnected processors is formed from a vertex symmetric graph selected from graphs GAMMA/sub d/(k) with degree d, diameter k, and (d + 1)exclamation/ (d /minus/ k + 1)exclamation processors for each d greater than or equal to k and GAMMA/sub d/(k, /minus/1) with degree d /minus/ 1, diameter k + 1, and (d + 1)exclamation/(d /minus/ k + 1)exclamation processors for each d greater than or equal to k greater than or equal to 4. Each processor has an address formed by one of the permutations from a predetermined sequence of letters chosen a selected number of letters at a time, and an extended address formed by appending to the address the remaining ones of the predetermined sequence of letters. A plurality of transmission channels is provided from each of the processors, where each processor has one less channel than the selected number of letters forming the sequence. Where a network GAMMA/sub d/(k, /minus/1) is provided, no processor has a channel connected to form an edge in a direction delta/sub 1/. Each of the channels has an identification number selected from the sequence of letters and connected from a first processor having a first extended address to a second processor having a second address formed from a second extended address defined by moving to the front of the first extended address the letter found in the position within the first extended address defined by the channel identification number. The second address is then formed by selecting the first elements of the second extended address corresponding to the selected number used to form the address permutations. 9 figs.

  16. The record of historic earthquakes in lake sediments of Central Switzerland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    slumps and rockfalls, as well as small-scale features like disturbed and contorted lamination on the centimeter to millimeter scale. The sediments are dated by historic climate and environmental records, 137 Cs activity, and radiocarbon ages. Deformation structures occur within distinct zones and include large-scale

  17. An ECS Centennial Series Article A Historical Perspective of Fuel Cell Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gleixner, Stacy

    An ECS Centennial Series Article A Historical Perspective of Fuel Cell Technology in the 20th Century M. L. Perry and T. F. Fuller*,z UTC Fuel Cells, LLC,1 South Windsor, Connecticut 06074, USA © 2002 anniversary of The Electrochemical Soci- ety, a retrospective look at the development of fuel cell technology

  18. A Historical Perspective and Business Model for Load Response Aggregation Based on Priority Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    A Historical Perspective and Business Model for Load Response Aggregation Based on Priority Service technologies and experiments in the 1980's for implementing demand response. We argue that while new smart grid technologies are cheaper and provide more functionality the barrier to demand response implementation

  19. Supporting document for the historical tank content estimate for S tank farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H.; Gaddis, L.A.; Walsh, A.C.

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides historical evaluations of the radioactive mixed wastes stored in the Hanford Site 200 West Area underground single-shell tanks (SSTs). A Historical Tank Content Estimate has been developed by reviewing the process histories, waste transfer data, and available physical and chemical characterization data from various Department of Energy (DOE) and Department of Defense (DOD) contractors. The historical data will supplement information gathered from in-tank core sampling activities that are currently underway. A tank history review that is accompanied by current characterization data creates a complete and reliable inventory estimate. Additionally, historical review of the tanks may reveal anomalies or unusual contents that are critical to characterization and post characterization activities. Complete and accurate tank waste characterizations are critical first steps for DOE and Westinghouse Hanford Company safety programs, waste pretreatment, and waste retrieval activities. The scope of this document is limited to all the SSTs in the S Tank Farm of the southwest quadrant of the 200 West Area. Nine appendices compile data on: tank level histories; temperature graphs; surface level graphs; drywell graphs; riser configuration and tank cross section; sampling data; tank photographs; unknown tank transfers; and tank layering comparison. 113 refs.

  20. Historic climate change impacts on soil frost in the Mid-Western

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cherkauer, Keith

    1 Historic climate change impacts on soil frost in the Mid-Western United States Tushar Sinha #12;4 Why do we care about soil frost ? · Effects energy and water balance fluxes · Snowmelt events by as much as two weeks · In North Central United States (from 1948 ­ 1988) (Lettenmaier et al., 1994

  1. Atoms in Appalachia. Historical report on the Clinch River Breeder Reactor site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schaffer, D

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The background information concerning the acquisition of the land for siting the Clinch River Breeder Reactor is presented. Historical information is also presented concerning the land acquisition for the Oak Ridge facilities known as the Manhattan Project during World War II.

  2. West Texas Historical Association Tour Saturday Afternoon April 5, 2014 Odessa Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    West Texas Historical Association Tour Saturday Afternoon April 5, 2014 Odessa Meeting inside. The rock-lined cellar is made of native caliche rock found on the West Texas Prairie--Stampede. Painted by the well-known El Paso artist, Tom Lea, for the Odessa, Texas Post Office, it was completed

  3. Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Area North, Hangar 629 -- Photographs, written historical and descriptive data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The report describes the history of the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory`s Hangar 629. The hangar was built to test the possibility of linking jet engine technology with nuclear power. The history of the project is described along with the development and eventual abandonment of the Flight Engine Test hangar. The report contains historical photographs and architectural drawings.

  4. Source: "Careers for Electrical Engineers and Computer Scientists" Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers HISTORICAL OVERVIEW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Source: "Careers for Electrical Engineers and Computer Scientists" © Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers HISTORICAL OVERVIEW PREPARED BY THE IEEE HISTORY CENTER RUTGERS UNIVERSITY ELECTRICITY IN THE 1880s The organization of the electrical engineering profession in America in the1880s

  5. Dendrochronology of a historic wharf and pier at the Bryant-Barstow homesteads, Newcastle, Maine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manning, Sturt

    Dendrochronology of a historic wharf and pier at the Bryant-Barstow homesteads, Newcastle, Maine Carol Griggs Cornell Tree-Ring Laboratory cbg4@cornell.edu During the excavations of the Bryant built as early as 1765 by George Barstow and Nathaniel Bryant, two shipwrights that had settled along

  6. Warmly Debated: The Little Ice Age and the Construction of Historical Climatic Regimes, 1650-1950

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilson, Christopher R.

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    . The Medieval Warm Period and the Little Ice Age are the two most commonly referenced and discussed of such regimes. This thesis examines the theories and debates that preceded and surrounded the formal definition of the Little Ice Age as an historic period...

  7. Figure 1: Sample COLLATE documents Automatic Annotation of Historical Paper Documents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Mauro, Nicola

    devoted to the management of such annotated documents. The challenge comes from the low layout qualityFigure 1: Sample COLLATE documents Automatic Annotation of Historical Paper Documents S. Ferilli, L classification and labelling of documents. Furthermore, we also discuss the advantages obtained by exploiting

  8. Historical changes in the distribution and functions of large wood in Puget Lowland rivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, David R.

    Historical changes in the distribution and functions of large wood in Puget Lowland rivers Brian D and functions in Puget Lowland rivers from the last ~150 years of land use by comparing field data from an 11-km and with archival data from several Puget Lowland rivers. Current wood abundance is one to two orders of magnitude

  9. Historical corner Photosynthesis Research in Canada from 1945 to the early 1970s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fragata, Mário

    Historical corner Photosynthesis Research in Canada from 1945 to the early 1970s Paul R. Gorham1, action spectra of photosynthesis, Andreas Hauschild, artificial leaf, Bill Vidaver, Bob Emerson, Bruce, Paul Vittorio, phospholipase, photo- respiration, photosynthesis in algae, photosynthesis of trees

  10. Recruitment and recovery of pink abalone (Haliotis corrugata) in a historically overexploited kelp forest: Are local

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohonak, Andrew J.

    Recruitment and recovery of pink abalone (Haliotis corrugata) in a historically overexploited kelp (Haliotis corrugata) in the Point Loma kelp forest near San Diego, CA, USA. We genetically analyzed those local recruitment. Our results also suggest that the Point Loma kelp forest population of pink abalone

  11. Historical perspective on seismic hazard to Hispaniola and the northeast Caribbean region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ten Brink, Uri S.

    Historical perspective on seismic hazard to Hispaniola and the northeast Caribbean region Uri S earthquake intensity, magnitude, and distance from the reported damage to the epicenter, for Hispaniola and for Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. The attenuation relationship for Hispaniola earthquakes and northern

  12. A Cold War Battlefield: Frenchman Flat Historic District, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, William Gray [DRI; Holz, Barbara A [DRI; Jones, Robert [DRI

    2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office with the documentation necessary to establish the Frenchman Flat Historic District on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). It includes a list of historic properties that contribute to the eligibility of the district for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) and provides contextual information establishing its significance. The list focuses on buildings, structures and features associated with the period of atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons on the NTS between 1951 and 1962. A total of 157 locations of buildings and structures were recorded of which 115 are considered to be eligible for the NRHP. Of these, 28 have one or more associated features which include instrumentation supports, foundations, etc. The large majority of contributing structures are buildings built to study the blast effects of nuclear weaponry. This has resulted in a peculiar accumulation of deteriorated structures that, unlike most historic districts, is best represented by those that are the most damaged. Limitations by radiological control areas, surface exposure and a focus on the concentration of accessible properties on the dry lake bed indicate additional properties exist which could be added to the district on a case-by-case basis.

  13. An Historically-Grounded Critical Analysis of Research Articles in IS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    by IS researchers. Keywords: Research Articles; History of Scientific Articles; Argumentative Strategies; Academic the perspective of long-term academic history. We trace the emergence of scientific articles through the history1 An Historically-Grounded Critical Analysis of Research Articles in IS Abstract: In order

  14. The Pilgrim Benefice Heritage Project: A Historical, Political, and Social Understanding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepard, Kenneth

    1 The Pilgrim Benefice Heritage Project: A Historical, Political, and Social Understanding Slifka Team Alias: Heritage-E06@wpi.edu Team Website: www.wpi.edu/~bbirand/heritage #12 with our project and showing us around the museum. To the Pilgrim Benefice Heritage Project's Steering

  15. Reprinted from RHODORA, Vol. 85, No. 841, January 1983 THE NATIONAL HISTORICAL DISTRIBUTION OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spooner, David

    Reprinted from RHODORA, Vol. 85, No. 841, January 1983 THE NATIONAL HISTORICAL DISTRIBUTION state natural heritage programs and similar organizations. Herbarium and field surveys were conducted. Attention was further focused when the Service contracted various state natural heritage programs and other

  16. fragility). A key research problem is distinguishing among laws, protocols, and historical accidents.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, H.C. Paul

    fragility). A key research problem is distinguishing among laws, protocols, and historical frequency and voltag- es of delivered power, oil refineries have 10,000 such control loops, and Internet, terabytes of data, and a billion-dollar price tag. 55. Systems Biology Workbench (www.cds.caltech.edu/ sbw

  17. Managing Multiversion Documents & Historical Databases: a Unified Solution Based on XML

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaniolo, Carlo

    - mentation architectures, one based on native XML DBMS, and the other on mapping the historical XML views back into a relational DBMS. 1. INTRODUCTION Preservation of digital artifacts represents a critical is with multiversion documents, users will want to pose queries on the evolution history of the documents

  18. Materiel Command and the Materiality of Commands: An Historical Examination of the US Air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Materiel Command and the Materiality of Commands: An Historical Examination of the US Air Force, University of Minnesota Abstract: In the late 1960s the US Air Force Logistics Command (AFLC) engaged unavailable CDC documents, and documentation and an oral history from a leading external Air Force advisor

  19. Glass Science tutorial lecture No. 5: Historical review of USDOE tank waste management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDaniel, E.W.

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a two day course whose objective is to present an unbiased historical overview of the DOE tank waste activities. World events which impacted the US nuclear program (or vise versa) will be presented. Liquid, mostly tank waste, and sludge are the primary concerns of this course.

  20. 1 Introduction We begin with a historical survey of the exciting early days of metallurgical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    were in many respects formative as far as the whole subject of metallurgy is concerned. The details of that period are documented in the several textbooks and articles covering the history of metallurgy Notable historical works include: The Sorby Centennial Symposium on the History of Metallurgy, published

  1. First ITER Council convened in Cadarache Historic step in the quest for clean Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    First ITER Council convened in Cadarache Historic step in the quest for clean Energy Cadarache, 28 of age in a world in desperate need of clean, abundant, and carbon dioxide-free energy." Setting a new Energy Agency (IAEA), said: "Let me congratulate all who have contributed to the achievements of the ITER

  2. Supporting document for the historical tank content estimate for B Tank Farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H.; Gaddis, L.A.; Johnson, E.D.

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides historical evaluations of the radioactive mixed wastes stored in the Hanford Site 200-East Area underground single-shell tanks (SSTs). A Historical Tank Content Estimate has been developed by reviewing the process histories, waste transfer data, and available physical and chemical characterization data from various Department of Energy (DOE) and Department of Defense (DOD) contractors. The historical data will supplement information gathered from in-tank core sampling activities that are currently underway. A tank history review that is accompanied by current characterization data creates a complete and reliable inventory estimate. Additionally, historical review of the tanks may reveal anomalies or unusual contents that are critical to characterization and post characterization activities. Complete and accurate tank waste characterizations are critical first steps for DOE and Westinghouse Hanford Company safety programs, waste pretreatment, and waste retrieval activities. The scope of this document is limited to the SSTs in the B Tank Farm of the northeast quadrant of the 200 East Area. Nine appendices compile data on: tank level histories; temperature graphs; surface level graphs; drywell graphs; riser configuration and tank cross section; sampling data; tank photographs; unknown tank transfers; and tank layering comparison. 113 refs.

  3. Supporting document for the historical tank content estimate for BY Tank Farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H.; Gaddis, L.A.; Walsh, A.C.

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides historical evaluations of the radioactive mixed wastes stored in the Hanford Site 200-East Area underground single-shell tanks (SSTs). A Historical Tank Content Estimate has been developed by reviewing the process histories, waste transfer data, and available physical and chemical characterization data from various Department of Energy (DOE) and Department of Defense (DOD) contractors. The historical data will supplement information gathered from in-tank core sampling activities that are currently underway. A tank history review that is accompanied by current characterization data creates a complete and reliable inventory estimate. Additionally, historical review of the tanks may reveal anomalies or unusual contents that are critical to characterization and post characterization activities. Complete and accurate tank waste characterizations are critical first steps for DOE and Westinghouse Hanford Company safety programs, waste pretreatment, and waste retrieval activities. The scope of this document is limited to the SSTs in the BY Tank Farm of the northeast quadrant of the 200 East Area. Nine appendices contain data on: tank level histories; temperature graphs; surface level graphs; drywell graphs; riser configuration and tank cross section; sampling data; tank photographs; unknown tank transfers; and tank layering comparison. 113 refs.

  4. Supporting document for the historical tank content estimate for A Tank Farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H.; Gaddis, L.A.; Walsh, A.C.

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides historical evaluations of the radioactive mixed wastes stored in the Hanford Site 200-East Area underground single-shell tanks (SSTs). A Historical Tank Content Estimate has been developed by reviewing the process histories, waste transfer data, and available physical and chemical characterization data from various Department of Energy (DOE) and Department of Defense (DOD) contractors. The historical data will supplement information gathered from in-tank core sampling activities that are currently underway. A tank history review that is accompanied by current characterization data creates a complete and reliable inventory estimate. Additionally, historical review of the tanks may reveal anomalies or unusual contents that are critical to characterization and post characterization activities. Complete and accurate tank waste characterizations are critical first steps for DOE and Westinghouse Hanford Company safety programs, waste pretreatment, and waste retrieval activities. The scope of this document is limited to the SSTs in the A Tank Farm of the northeast quadrant of the 200 East Area. Nine appendices compile data on: tank level histories; temperature graphs; surface level graphs; drywell graphs; riser configuration and tank cross section; sampling data; tank photographs; unknown tank transfers; and tank layering comparison. 113 refs.

  5. The Development of International Standards for Very Small Entities: Historical Perspectives,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Québec, Université du

    = International Organization for Standardization/ International Electrotechnical Commission Joint TechnicalThe Development of International Standards for Very Small Entities: Historical Perspectives-operation and Development #12;18/11/2009 6 Development of International Standards for VSEs · Phase 1 - Recognition of Needs

  6. Historical mining and smelting in the Vosges Mountains (France) recorded in two ombrotrophic peat bogs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Historical mining and smelting in the Vosges Mountains (France) recorded in two ombrotrophic peat online 4 June 2010 Keywords: Environment Pollution Geochemistry Archaeology Lead isotopes Peat Mining Metal Vosges Medieval Two peat sequences were sampled in the vicinity of the main mining districts

  7. 1. Utilize recent historical cost data, estimating manuals, and actual vendor quotes as situation allows.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    1. Utilize recent historical cost data, estimating manuals, and actual vendor quotes as situation Engineering Services to respond and complete customer facility projects. Return 90% of all Opinion of Probable Engineering Services to respond and complete customer facility projects. Develop accurate priority list

  8. Co-Designing Novel User Experiences at a Historic Manor House

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hornecker, Eva

    are passive receivers of information. Our vision was to enable Chawton House to offer a variety of experiences1 Co-Designing Novel User Experiences at a Historic Manor House Eva Hornecker, John Halloran how we engaged with users in co-design for the Chawton House project. After describing the project

  9. Supporting document for the historical tank content estimate for SY-tank farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brevick, C.H.

    1997-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this historical characterization document is to present the synthesized summaries of the historical records concerning the physical characteristics, radiological, and chemical composition of mixed wastes stored in underground double-shell tanks and the physical condition of these tanks. The double-shell tanks are located on the United States Department of Energy`s Hanford Site, approximately 25 miles northwest or Richland, Washington. The document will be used to assist in characterizing the waste in the tanks in conjunction with the current program of sampling and analyzing the tank wastes. Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) developed computer models that used the historical data to attempt to characterize the wastes and to generate estimates of each tank`s inventory. A historical review of the tanks may reveal anomalies or unusual contents that could be critical to characterization and post characterization activities. This document was developed by reviewing the operating plant process histories, waste transfer data, and available physical and chemical data from numerous resources. These resources were generated by numerous contractors from 1945 to the present. Waste characterization, the process of describing the character or quality of a waste, is required by Federal law (Resource Conservation and Recovery Act [RCRA]) and state law (Washington Administrative Code [WAC] 173-303, Dangerous Waste Regulations). Characterizing the waste is necessary to determine methods to safely retrieve, transport, and/or treat the wastes.

  10. Solving stochasic PERT networks exactly using hybrid Bayesian networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cinicioglu, Esma N.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

    2006-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we describe how a stochastic PERT network can be formulated as a Bayesian network. We approximate such PERT Bayesian network by mixtures of Gaussians hybrid Bayesian networks. Since there exists algorithms for solving mixtures...

  11. When Network Coding improves the Performances of Clustered Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    When Network Coding improves the Performances of Clustered Wireless Networks that significantly increases the performances of clustering algorithms in wireless multi-hop networks-XOR coding; wireless multi-hop networks; clustering I. INTRODUCTION Partitioning nodes

  12. Networking Call for Residential Network Members Peer Exchange...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Networking Call for Residential Network Members Peer Exchange Call Networking Call for Residential Network Members Peer Exchange Call March 12, 2015 12:30PM to 2:0...

  13. Characterization of network traffic on a local area network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suravarapu, Prasad Devi

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis we analyze network traffic on a local area network in an academic environment. We analyze the trace based on transport-level and network-level applications. Networks conversations are studied using the newly developed packet...

  14. Historic Trends in U. S. Drought Forcing in a Warming Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muschinski, T

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The mean North American and world climates have warmed significantly since the beginning of climatologically significant anthropogenic emission of greenhouse gases in the 19th Century. It has been suggested that warming may increase the frequency or severity of droughts. We define and study the statistics of an aridity index that describes the precipitation forcing function of a drought, considering drought to be a season with low enough precipitation to be significant for agriculture. Our aridity index is a reciprocal function of the seasonal precipitation, which is more significant for agriculture than mean precipitation. Using NOAA data from sites in 13 diverse climate regimes in the 48 contiguous United States with time series running over the period 1940--1999 but including two data series from 1900 or 1910, and computing their decadal averages, we search for linear trends in their aridity indices. We find no linear trends significant at the $2\\sigma$ level. At five sites $3\\sigma$ upper bounds on any sy...

  15. Localised mobilisation of metals, as measured by diffusive gradients in thin-films, in soil historically treated with sewage sludge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    historically treated with sewage sludge Jun Luo a,c , Hao Zhang a, , William Davison a , Ronald G. McLaren b online 11 September 2012 Keywords: Trace metals Soil Sewage sludge Mn oxide Diffusive gradients in thin was investigated in a sandy loam soil historically treated with sewage sludge. After deployment of two DGT

  16. Please cite as: Boynton, W.R. 1998. Chesapeake Bay eutrophication Current status, historical trends, nutrient limitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boynton, Walter R.

    Please cite as: Boynton, W.R. 1998. Chesapeake Bay eutrophication Current status, historical trends NUTRIENTS WORKSHOP CHESAPEAKE BAY EUTROPHICATION: CURRENT STATUS, HISTORICAL TRENDS, NUTRIENT LIMITATION summarizes a portion of the eutrophication history of Chesapeake Bay, a large coastal plain estuary

  17. Seismic hazard from the Hispaniola subduction zone: Correction to "Historical perspective on seismic hazard to Hispaniola and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ten Brink, Uri S.

    Seismic hazard from the Hispaniola subduction zone: Correction to "Historical perspective on seismic hazard to Hispaniola and the northeast Caribbean region" Uri S. ten Brink, William H. Bakun), Seismic hazard from the Hispaniola subduction zone: Correction to "Historical perspective on seismic

  18. to appear in: Claire Bowern & Bethwyn Evans (eds), The Routledge Handbook of Historical Linguistics. New York: Routledge.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to appear in: Claire Bowern & Bethwyn Evans (eds), The Routledge Handbook of Historical pressure towards abandoning their heritage language and replacing it in all contexts with a new language be rapid or slow, and varies in intensity depending on historical circumstances. While this process

  19. Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage, 12(3), 249-253 (2009). THE IAU HISTORIC RADIO ASTRONOMY WORKING GROUP.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groppi, Christopher

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage, 12(3), 249-253 (2009). 249 THE IAU HISTORIC RADIO and Heritage. 1 Role of the Working Group This WG was formed at the 2003 General Assembly of the IAU as a joint a master list of surviving historically- significant radio telescopes and associated instru- mentation

  20. Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage, 8(1), 65-69 (2005). THE IAU HISTORIC RADIO ASTRONOMY WORKING GROUP.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groppi, Christopher

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage, 8(1), 65-69 (2005). 65 THE IAU HISTORIC RADIO of the Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage (see Orchiston et al., 2004, below). 1 Role of the WG This WG) and 41 (History of Astronomy), in order to: · assemble a master list of surviving historically

  1. analysis network sevan: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Francesco Keywords: Knowledge Base, Social Network Analysis, Variety, Coherence, Industry lifecycles; exploration network analysis (SNA) within an evolutionary framework, to...

  2. Distributed control of coded networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Fang, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The introduction of network coding has the potential to revolutionize the way people operate networks. For the benefits of network coding to be realized, distributed solutions are needed for various network problems. In ...

  3. Dynamic NetworksDynamic Networks ApplicationsApplications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    of today. #12;The study of the efficient operation on transportation networks dates to ancient Rome telecommunication networks and energy networks. No longer are networks independent of one another but critically. #12;MBTA Network #12;Major Highway and Railroad Networks in the US #12;Water Freight Transport Routes

  4. Bayesian networks for reconstructing transcriptional regulatory networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Elhanan

    distribution [koller and Friedman] Let G be a Bayesian network graph over the variables X1,...,Xn. We say that a distribution P factorizes according to G if P can be expressed as: A Bayesian network is a pair (G,P) where P, L | I G S | I, D I D : #12;7 13 The Student Bayesian network Joint distribution P(I,D,G,S,L) = 14

  5. The CSIRO Mk3L climate system model v1.0 coupled to the CABLE land surface scheme v1.4b: evaluation of the control climatology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mao, Jiafu [ORNL; Phipps, S.J. [University of New South Wales; Pitman, A.J. [University of New South Wales; Wang, Yingping [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research; Abramowitz, G. [University of New South Wales; Pak, B. [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The CSIRO Mk3L climate system model, a reduced-resolution coupled general circulation model, has previously been described in this journal. The model is configured for millennium scale or multiple century scale simulations. This paper reports the impact of replacing the relatively simple land surface scheme that is the default parameterisation in Mk3L with a sophisticated land surface model that simulates the terrestrial energy, water and carbon balance in a physically and biologically consistent way. An evaluation of the new model s near-surface climatology highlights strengths and weaknesses, but overall the atmospheric variables, including the near-surface air temperature and precipitation, are simulated well. The impact of the more sophisticated land surface model on existing variables is relatively small, but generally positive. More significantly, the new land surface scheme allows an examination of surface carbon-related quantities including net primary productivity which adds significantly to the capacity of Mk3L. Overall, results demonstrate that this reduced-resolution climate model is a good foundation for exploring long time scale phenomena. The addition of the more sophisticated land surface model enables an exploration of important Earth System questions including land cover change and abrupt changes in terrestrial carbon storage.

  6. Using Neural Networks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabel, S.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A neural network approach is employed for estimating key efficiency parameters in a gas turbine engine. The concept is demonstrated within a limited operating region for a given engine. The neural network is developed to estimate certain...

  7. Class network routing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bhanot, Gyan (Princeton, NJ); Blumrich, Matthias A. (Ridgefield, CT); Chen, Dong (Croton On Hudson, NY); Coteus, Paul W. (Yorktown Heights, NY); Gara, Alan G. (Mount Kisco, NY); Giampapa, Mark E. (Irvington, NY); Heidelberger, Philip (Cortlandt Manor, NY); Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard D. (Mount Kisco, NY); Takken, Todd E. (Mount Kisco, NY); Vranas, Pavlos M. (Bedford Hills, NY)

    2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Class network routing is implemented in a network such as a computer network comprising a plurality of parallel compute processors at nodes thereof. Class network routing allows a compute processor to broadcast a message to a range (one or more) of other compute processors in the computer network, such as processors in a column or a row. Normally this type of operation requires a separate message to be sent to each processor. With class network routing pursuant to the invention, a single message is sufficient, which generally reduces the total number of messages in the network as well as the latency to do a broadcast. Class network routing is also applied to dense matrix inversion algorithms on distributed memory parallel supercomputers with hardware class function (multicast) capability. This is achieved by exploiting the fact that the communication patterns of dense matrix inversion can be served by hardware class functions, which results in faster execution times.

  8. Beyond Network Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koetter, Ralf

    In earlier work, we described an equivalence result for network capacity. Roughly, that result is as follows. Given a network of noisy, memoryless, point-to-point channels, replace each channel by a noiseless, memoryless ...

  9. Network coded wireless architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katti, Sachin Rajsekhar

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wireless mesh networks promise cheap Internet access, easy deployment, and extended range. In their current form, however, these networks suffer from both limited throughput and low reliability; hence they cannot meet the ...

  10. Connectibles : tangible social networking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalanithi, Jeevan James

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents "Connectibles," an instantiation of a tangible social network, a new type of social network application rooted in physical objects and real world social behavior. This research is inspired by social ...

  11. Using Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabel, S.

    A neural network approach is employed for estimating key efficiency parameters in a gas turbine engine. The concept is demonstrated within a limited operating region for a given engine. The neural network is developed to estimate certain...

  12. Social Network and Communications Institutional Change Principle...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Network and Communications Institutional Change Principle Social Network and Communications Institutional Change Principle Federal agencies can use social networks and...

  13. Membership Criteria: Better Buildings Residential Network | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Membership Criteria: Better Buildings Residential Network Membership Criteria: Better Buildings Residential Network Membership Criteria: Better Buildings Residential Network...

  14. Complex Networked Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    buildings, modern control systems are increasingly incorporating communication networks in feedback loops [5Complex Networked Control Systems W e live and operate in a networked world. We drive to work on the performance of feedback control systems [5], [6]. Signifi- cant attention is focused on devising local

  15. Financial Networks Anna Nagurney

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    in decision-making; constraints on resources: human, financial, natural, time, etc.; global reach of many, Transmission Lines Water, Gas, Oil, Electricity Anna Nagurney Financial Networks #12;Interstate Highway System Freight Network World Oil Routes Natural Gas Flows Network Systems Internet Traffic Anna Nagurney

  16. Virtual Gateway Network Documentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segall, Adrian

    Virtual Gateway Network Documentation Composed By: Stiven Andre Nikolai Gukov #12;Table of contents.3) VGNET as a network manager 2) VGNET explained 2.1) One PC with multiple Internet access points. 2 both routers. 1.3) VGNET as a network manager Let's look at figure 3 again. The perfect scenario we may

  17. Recommendation in Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ester, Martin

    Recommendation in Social Networks Martin Ester Simon Fraser University Tutorial at RecSys 2013 October 12 , 2013 #12;Martin Ester: Recommendation in Social Networks, Tutorial at RecSys 2013 2 Outline · Introduction · Recommendation in social networks · Memory based approaches for item recommendation · Model

  18. Constraints for the Progenitor Masses of 17 Historic Core-Collapse Supernovae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Benjamin F; Murphy, Jeremiah; Gilbert, Karoline; Dalcanton, Julianne J; Dolphin, Andrew E; Jennings, Zachary G

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using resolved stellar photometry measured from archival HST imaging, we generate color-magnitude diagrams of the stars within 50 pc of the locations of historic core-collapse supernovae that took place in galaxies within 8 Mpc. We fit these color-magnitude distributions with stellar evolution models to determine the best-fit age distribution of the young population. We then translate these age distributions into probability distributions for the progenitor mass of each SNe. The measurements are anchored by the main-sequence stars surrounding the event, making them less sensitive to assumptions about binarity, post-main-sequence evolution, or circumstellar dust. We demonstrate that, in cases where the literature contains masses that have been measured from direct imaging, our measurements are consistent with (but less precise than) these measurements. Using this technique, we constrain the progenitor masses of 17 historic SNe, 11 of which have no previous estimates from direct imaging. Our measurements still ...

  19. Five-Year NRHP Re-Evaluation of Historic Buildings Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ullrich, R A; Heidecker, K R

    2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) 'Draft Programmatic Agreement among the Department of Energy and the California State Historic Preservation Officer Regarding Operation of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory' requires a review and re-evaluation of the eligibility of laboratory properties for the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) every five years. The original evaluation was published in 2005; this report serves as the first five-year re-evaluation. This re-evaluation includes consideration of changes within LLNL to management, to mission, and to the built environment. it also determines the status of those buildings, objects, and districts that were recommended as NRHP-eligible in the 2005 report. Buildings that were omitted from the earlier building list, those that have reached 50 years of age since the original assessment, and new buildings are also addressed in the re-evaluation.

  20. Evaluation of seismic hazard for the assessment of historical elements at risk: description of1 input and selection of intensity measures2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , fragility curves, historical26 buildings, cultural heritage assets, monuments27 1. Introduction28 291 Evaluation of seismic hazard for the assessment of historical elements at risk: description of1, Athens, Greece.8 4 : Formerly at: BRGM, Orléans, France.9 Abstract The assessment of historical elements

  1. What to Cut and How to Cut? Historical Lessons from Past Reductions in the Intelligence Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Austin; Edmiston, William; Glenn, Stuart; Goodwin, Derek; Kaehr, Matthew; Nebl, James; Phares, Benjamin; Yang, Elizabeth; Yeo, Jessica

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    personnel cuts than cuts to other major categories. Ideally, a budgetary analysis of the IC would follow a similar methodology, analyzing historical trends in the IC’s top line budget, total outlays for each agency, outlays across the major... with analysis and distribution of information within the Community. Finally, inter-agency competition for resources may increase, and organizations may fracture into separate agencies, reducing overall efficiency. 8 Given these premises of organizational...

  2. An objective change-point analysis of historical Atlantic hurricane numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jewson, S; Jewson, Stephen; Penzer, Jeremy

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We perform an objective change-point analysis on 106 years of historical hurricane number data. The algorithm we use looks at all possible combinations of change-points and compares them in terms of the variances of the differences between real and modelled numbers. Overfitting is avoided by using cross-validation. We identify four change-points, and show that the presence of temporal structure in the hurricane number time series is highly statistically significant.

  3. SRS SLUDGE BATCH QUALIFICATION AND PROCESSING; HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE AND LESSONS LEARNED

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cercy, M.; Peeler, D.; Stone, M.

    2013-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides a historical overview and lessons learned associated with the SRS sludge batch (SB) qualification and processing programs. The report covers the framework of the requirements for waste form acceptance, the DWPF Glass Product Control Program (GPCP), waste feed acceptance, examples of how the program complies with the specifications, an overview of the Startup Program, and a summary of continuous improvements and lessons learned. The report includes a bibliography of previous reports and briefings on the topic.

  4. The Texas Main Street Program: a development force integrating historic preservation and tourism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ranwala, Don Sujeewa Devapriya

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , this approach relies on long term monitoring and measurement which has made an EIA study an expensive and time consuming process with uncertainties of measurement and methodology (Shopley and Fuggle, 1984). Green, Hunter and Moore (1990) have proposed... questionnaires during the year of 1992. The results are in table 1. We have considered only the responses of short term visitors who are US citizens. According to this survey visiting historic sites (51. 796) was second only to shopping (59. 696...

  5. Photovoltaic System Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections 2013 Edition (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feldman, D.; Margolis, R.; James, T.; Goodrich, A.; Barbose, G.; Dargouth, N.; Weaver, S.; Wiser, R.

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This briefing provides a high-level overview of historical, recent, and projected near-term PV system pricing trends in the United States, drawing on several ongoing research activities from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. It also discusses the different methodologies and factors that impact the estimated price of a PV system, such as system size, location, technology, and reporting methods. These factors, including timing, can have a significant impact on system pricing.

  6. Photovoltaic System Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections. 2014 Edition (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feldman, D.; Barbose, G.; Margolis, R.; James, T.; Weaver, S.; Darghouth, N.; Fu, R.; Davidson, C.; Booth, S.; Wiser, R.

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation, based on research at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, provides a high-level overview of historical, recent, and projected near-term PV pricing trends in the United States focusing on the installed price of PV systems. It also attempts to provide clarity surrounding the wide variety of potentially conflicting data available about PV system prices. This PowerPoint is the third edition from this series.

  7. Historic, enthnohistoric and prehistoric cultural resource inventory. Final technical report, November 1980-May 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this study is to provide a literature search and write a historical narrative of the cultural significance of the study area for the proposed WyCoalGas Inc., pipeline, railroad, well fields, and coal gasification plant. The request for a cultural resource investigation states at a minimum the study shall be a literature search on the narrow one mile corridor along the proposed pipelines, areas included within the various facilities plus a one mile buffer surrounding these facilities. In addition, the study must be tied into appropriate local, state, and national history. The writer of this history has felt a responsibility for providing a realistic assessment of the themes of the study area's historical development. Several ideas have been concentrated upon: its American Indian heritage; the Euro-American's exploitive relationship with the region; and the overriding fragile, arid nature of its land. It is hoped that the government agencies and ultimately the energy company will feel a similiar responsibility toward the study area's historical integrity.

  8. Historic treasures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    than 70 years, scientists with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) have collected hydrologic data such as rainfall, evaporation, runoff, and soil erosion at the Agricultural Research Service (ARS)?s Grass- land Soil and Water Research... Laboratory?s watershed near Riesel, Texas, making it one of the longest continuous, intensively monitored hydrological research sites in the country. The Riesel experimental watershed, part of the larger Brushy Creek watershed, has approximately 800...

  9. Historic Properties

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Magazine TA-16-0516 V-Site Assembly Building TA-16-0517 V-Site Building Development and testing of the first "Fat Man" bomb and related implosion and criticality research...

  10. Historical Information

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling7111AWell:F E ," POSTGranite City,'

  11. Historical Information

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling7111AWell:F E ," POSTGranite City,'Rulison

  12. Historical. Information.

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling7111AWell:F E ," POSTGranite_-_

  13. Historical Data

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at1,066,688ElectricityLess than 200DecadeCubic Feet) DecadeThis

  14. Historic Badges

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) EnvironmentalGyroSolé(tm) Harmonicbetand ModelingHigh-Level WasteOur Jobs

  15. Historical Data

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) EnvironmentalGyroSolé(tm) Harmonicbetand ModelingHigh-Level WasteOur JobsData

  16. Historic Properties

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh School football High SchoolBundles toHiring-TP59.01 C5;44 4 o (Q3

  17. Network topology analysis.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalb, Jeffrey L.; Lee, David S.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Emerging high-bandwidth, low-latency network technology has made network-based architectures both feasible and potentially desirable for use in satellite payload architectures. The selection of network topology is a critical component when developing these multi-node or multi-point architectures. This study examines network topologies and their effect on overall network performance. Numerous topologies were reviewed against a number of performance, reliability, and cost metrics. This document identifies a handful of good network topologies for satellite applications and the metrics used to justify them as such. Since often multiple topologies will meet the requirements of the satellite payload architecture under development, the choice of network topology is not easy, and in the end the choice of topology is influenced by both the design characteristics and requirements of the overall system and the experience of the developer.

  18. Robustness of TransEuropean Gas Networks: The Hot Backbone Rui Carvalho, 1, # Lubos Buzna, 2, 3, + Flavio Bono, 4, # Eugenio Gutierrez, 4 Wolfram Just, 1 and David Arrowsmith 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Francis

    [1, 2]. Oil and gas prices are volatile because of geopolitical and financial crises. The rate instead of oil for transporta­ tion [2], and gas­fired power plants are responsible for the production countries. Historically, critical infrastructure networks have evolved under the pressure to minimize local

  19. 4. Network Flows 4.2 The Network Simplex Algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krumke, Sven O.

    Contents 4. Network Flows 4.2 The Network Simplex Algorithm 1 #12;Starting Solutions Extend Set EB as all new edges, EL as all old edges 2 #12;Network Simplex Part I Require: Network N = (V , E #12;Network Simplex Part II 6: Adjust x: xij := xij + if (i, j) C+ es xij - if (i, j) C- es xij

  20. Flow-based XOR Network Coding for Lossy Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jie

    1 Flow-based XOR Network Coding for Lossy Wireless Networks Abdallah Khreishah, Issa M. Khalil, Pouya Ostovari, and Jie Wu Abstract--A practical way for maximizing the throughput of a wireless network. We also extend our 2-hop relay networks results to multihop wireless networks by providing a linear

  1. Distributed Network Monitoring with Bounded Link Utilization in IP Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Li Erran

    1 Distributed Network Monitoring with Bounded Link Utilization in IP Networks Li Li Center multiple pollers located at different points in the network. However, using distributed pollers could for Networking Research Lucent Bell Labs erranlli@dnrc.bell-labs.com Marina Thottan Center for Networking

  2. Nervous system cancer : analysis of historical mortality rates in the United States and Japan indicate sudden increases in environmental risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alhassani, Ali K

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nervous System cancer age-specific mortality rates began being recorded for European and Non-European Americans in 1930 and for Japanese in 1952. All ethnic groups show significant historical increases in mortality rates. ...

  3. An examination of the pre-design process documentation and the impact on the renovations of three historic theaters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rozmarek, Lesa Andrea

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the pre-design documentation from the renovation of three historic theaters located in Detroit, Michigan. Two theaters hired architectural firms to produce a pre-design document. The third theater utilized a design...

  4. Historical Jesus and Mokmin hermeneutics with reference to the description of Jesus in Minjung theology in Korea 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Moonjang

    1997-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The quest for the contextual meaning of the life and teaching of the historical Jesus seems to be a perennial question. Given the religious, cultural and social situation in Korea as well as in Asia generally, any ...

  5. WEST TEXAS HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION VO L U M E X X I, IS S U E 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    WEST TEXAS HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION VO L U M E X X I, IS S U E 1 SP R I N G 2 0 1 4 THE CYCLONE 91st of Odessa has announced that the April 4-5, 2014 annual meeting of the West Texas Historical Association 2) #12;Page 2 The Cyclone From the President THE CELEBRATION OF PUBLIC HISTORY The West Texas

  6. An examination of the pre-design process documentation and the impact on the renovations of three historic theaters 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rozmarek, Lesa Andrea

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    has never waivered and you have never doubted my dedication to completing this degree, for this I can only express my heartfelt appreciation. Ed Francis, the preservation bug bit me while working in your office. You are truly a first class mentor... Development Authority DSO Detroit Symphony Orchestra EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System HABS Historic American Buildings Survey HSR Historic Structure Report JPRA JPRA Architects K|F|C Kessler | Francis | Cardoza Architects LHAT...

  7. Chapters 6 & 8 Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Enyue "Annie"

    Chapters 6 & 8 Wireless Networks and Security Computer Networking:ATop Down Approach 6th edition.W. Ross, All Rights Reserved Wireless, Mobile Networks 6-1 #12;Wireless, Mobile Networks 6-2 Ch. 6: Wireless and Mobile Networks Background: # wireless (mobile) phone subscribers now exceeds # wired phone

  8. Potential Networks, Contagious Communities, and Understanding Social Network Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoenebeck, Grant

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we study how the network of agents adopting a particular technology relates to the structure of the underlying network over which the technology adoption spreads. We develop a model and show that the network of agents adopting a particular technology may have characteristics that differ significantly from the social network of agents over which the technology spreads. For example, the network induced by a cascade may have a heavy-tailed degree distribution even if the original network does not. This provides evidence that online social networks created by technology adoption over an underlying social network may look fundamentally different from social networks and indicates that using data from many online social networks may mislead us if we try to use it to directly infer the structure of social networks. Our results provide an alternate explanation for certain properties repeatedly observed in data sets, for example: heavy-tailed degree distribution, network densification, shrinking diameter...

  9. Random Walks and Electrical Networks Electrical Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonathon Peterson

    2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 4, 2008 ... Random Walks and Electrical Networks. Hitting Probabilities and Voltage. Voltage. Connect a 1V battery to nodes a and b. ix,y is the current ...

  10. Efficient network camouflaging in wireless networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Shu

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Camouflaging is about making something invisible or less visible. Network camouflaging is about hiding certain traffic information (e.g. traffic pattern, traffic flow identity, etc.) from internal and external eavesdroppers such that important...

  11. COMPRESSIVE LINEAR NETWORK CODING FOR EFFICIENT DATA COLLECTION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    COMPRESSIVE LINEAR NETWORK CODING FOR EFFICIENT DATA COLLECTION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS fields, Wireless Sensor Networks Index Terms-- Belief Propagation, Network Coding, Fi- nite fields, Wireless Sensor Networks 1. INTRODUCTION A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) consists of spatially dis

  12. On Benefits of Network Coding in Bidirected Networks and Hyper-networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Zongpeng

    . It was shown that network coding helps increase the throughput and reduce the cost of data transmission to study the coding advantage in two types of parameterized networks, with richer modeling power. The firstOn Benefits of Network Coding in Bidirected Networks and Hyper-networks Xunrui Yin, Xin Wang, Jin

  13. Reconfigureable network node

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vanderveen, Keith B. (Tracy, CA); Talbot, Edward B. (Livermore, CA); Mayer, Laurence E. (Davis, CA)

    2008-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Nodes in a network having a plurality of nodes establish communication links with other nodes using available transmission media, as the ability to establish such links becomes available and desirable. The nodes predict when existing communications links will fail, become overloaded or otherwise degrade network effectiveness and act to establish substitute or additional links before the node's ability to communicate with the other nodes on the network is adversely affected. A node stores network topology information and programmed link establishment rules and criteria. The node evaluates characteristics that predict existing links with other nodes becoming unavailable or degraded. The node then determines whether it can form a communication link with a substitute node, in order to maintain connectivity with the network. When changing its communication links, a node broadcasts that information to the network. Other nodes update their stored topology information and consider the updated topology when establishing new communications links for themselves.

  14. Decommissioning an Active Historical Reactor Facility at the Savannah River Site - 13453

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bergren, Christopher L.; Long, J. Tony; Blankenship, John K. [Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC, Bldg. 730-4B, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC, Bldg. 730-4B, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States); Adams, Karen M. [United States Department of Energy, Bldg. 730-B, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [United States Department of Energy, Bldg. 730-B, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Savannah River Site (SRS) is an 802 square-kilometer United States Department of Energy (US DOE) nuclear facility located along the Savannah River near Aiken, South Carolina, where Management and Operations are performed by Savannah River Nuclear Solutions (SRNS). In 2004, DOE recognized SRS as structure within the Cold War Historic District of national, state and local significance composed of the first generation of facilities constructed and operated from 1950 through 1989 to produce plutonium and tritium for our nation's defense. DOE agreed to manage the SRS 105-C Reactor Facility as a potentially historic property due to its significance in supporting the U.S. Cold War Mission and for potential for future interpretation. This reactor has five primary areas within it, including a Disassembly Basin (DB) that received irradiated materials from the reactor, cooled them and prepared the components for loading and transport to a Separation Canyon for processing. The 6,317 square meter area was divided into numerous work/storage areas. The walls between the individual basin compartments have narrow vertical openings called 'slots' that permit the transfer of material from one section to another. Data indicated there was over 830 curies of radioactivity associated with the basin sediments and approximately 9.1 M liters of contaminated water, not including a large quantity of activated reactor equipment, scrap metal, and debris on the basin floor. The need for an action was identified in 2010 to reduce risks to personnel in the facility and to eliminate the possible release of contaminants into the environment. The release of DB water could potentially migrate to the aquifer and contaminate groundwater. DOE, its regulators [U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA)-Region 4 and the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC)] and the SC Historical Preservation Office (SHPO) agreed/concurred to perform a non-time critical removal action for the In Situ Decommissioning (ISD) of the 105-C Disassembly Basin. ISD consisted of stabilization/isolation of remaining contaminated water, sediment, activated reactor equipment, and scrap metal by filling the DB with underwater non-structural grout to the appropriate (-4.877 meter) grade-level, thence with dry area non-structural grout to the final -10 centimeter level. The roof over the DB was preserved due to its potential historical significance and to prevent the infiltration of precipitation. Forced evaporation was the form of treatment implemented to remove the approximately 9.1 M liters of contaminated basin water. Using specially formulated grouts, irradiated materials and sediment were treated by solidification/isolation thus reducing their mobility, reducing radiation exposure and creating an engineered barrier thereby preventing access to the contaminants. Grouting provided a low permeability barrier to minimize any potential transport of contaminants to the aquifer. Efforts were made to preserve the historical significance of the Reactor in accordance with the National Historic Preservation Act. ISD provides a cost effective means to isolate and contain residual radioactivity from past nuclear operations allowing natural radioactive decay to reduce hazards to manageable levels. This method limits release of radiological contamination to the environment, minimizes radiation exposure to workers, prevents human/animal access to the hazardous substances, and allows for ongoing monitoring of the decommissioned facility. Field construction was initiated in August 2011; evaporator operations commenced January 2012 and ended July 2012 with over 9 M liters of water treated/removed. Over 8,525 cubic meters of grout were placed, completing in August 2012. The project completed with an excellent safety record, on schedule and under budget. (authors)

  15. A Historical Evaluation of the U15 Complex, Nevada National Security Site, Nye County, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drollinger, Harold [DRI; Holz, Barbara A [DRI; Bullard, Thomas F [DRI; Goldenberg, nancy G [Carey & Co; Ashbaough, Laurence J [DRI; Griffin, Wayne R [DRI

    2014-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a historical evaluation of the U15 Complex on the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) in southern Nevada. The work was conducted by the Desert Research Institute at the request of the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Field Office and the U.S. Department of Defense, Defense Threat Reduction Agency. Three underground nuclear tests and two underground nuclear fuel storage experiments were conducted at the complex. The nuclear tests were Hard Hat in 1962, Tiny Tot in 1965, and Pile Driver in 1966. The Hard Hat and Pile Driver nuclear tests involved different types of experiment sections in test drifts at various distances from the explosion in order to determine which sections could best survive in order to design underground command centers. The Tiny Tot nuclear test involved an underground cavity in which the nuclear test was executed. It also provided data in designing underground structures and facilities to withstand a nuclear attack. The underground nuclear fuel storage experiments were Heater Test 1 from 1977 to 1978 and Spent Fuel Test - Climax from 1978 to 1985. Heater Test 1 was used to design the later Spent Fuel Test - Climax experiment. The latter experiment was a model of a larger underground storage facility and primarily involved recording the conditions of the spent fuel and the surrounding granite medium. Fieldwork was performed intermittently in the summers of 2011 and 2013, totaling 17 days. Access to the underground tunnel complex is sealed and unavailable. Restricted to the surface, four buildings, four structures, and 92 features associated with nuclear testing and fuel storage experiment activities at the U15 Complex have been recorded. Most of these are along the west side of the complex and next to the primary access road and are characteristic of an industrial mining site, albeit one with scientific interests. The geomorphological fieldwork was conducted over three days in the summer of 2011. It was discovered that major modifications to the terrain have resulted from four principal activities. These are road construction and maintenance, mining activities related to development of the tunnel complex, site preparation for activities related to the tests and experiments, and construction of drill pads and retention ponds. Six large trenches for exploring across the Boundary geologic fault are also present. The U15 Complex, designated historic district 143 and site 26NY15177, is eligible to the National Register of Historic Places under Criteria A, C, and D of 36 CFR Part 60.4. As a historic district and archaeological site eligible to the National Register of Historic Places, the Desert Research Institute recommends that the area defined for the U15 Complex, historic district 143 and site 26NY15117, be left in place in its current condition. The U15 Complex should also be included in the NNSS cultural resources monitoring program and monitored for disturbances or alterations.

  16. activity network sespan: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    social networks, a lot Gionis, Aristides 19 Evolving dynamical networks with transient cluster activity Nonlinear Sciences (arXiv) Summary: We study transient sequential dynamics...

  17. artifical neural network: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8, Nos. 1-2 Cytological Diagnosis Based on Fuzzy Neural Networks max combined with a fuzzy neural network approach, for the discrimination of benign from malignant gastric...

  18. artifical neural networks: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8, Nos. 1-2 Cytological Diagnosis Based on Fuzzy Neural Networks max combined with a fuzzy neural network approach, for the discrimination of benign from malignant gastric...

  19. artificial neural network: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    neural networks, for phosphene localisation are used Rattray, Magnus 63 Dynamic Pattern Recognition in Sport by Means of Artificial Neural Networks Computer Technologies...

  20. artificial neural networks: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    neural networks, for phosphene localisation are used Rattray, Magnus 63 Dynamic Pattern Recognition in Sport by Means of Artificial Neural Networks Computer Technologies...

  1. analyzing interactome networks: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    into an organization's structure and dynamics. The creation and analysis of sample social media network datasets is described to illustrate types of enterprise networks and...

  2. adolescent social networks: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    into an organization's structure and dynamics. The creation and analysis of sample social media network datasets is described to illustrate types of enterprise networks and...

  3. animal social networks: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    into an organization's structure and dynamics. The creation and analysis of sample social media network datasets is described to illustrate types of enterprise networks and...

  4. Modeling and Control Interactive Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    Modeling and Control of Complex Interactive Networks By Massoud Amin E nergy, telecommunications complex networks, geographi- cally dispersed, nonlinear, and interacting both among themselves, distributed, highly interactive networks, nor does any such entity have the ability to evaluate, monitor

  5. Survivability Considerations in Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ning, Jianxia

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Forensics Analysis of Packet Losses in Wireless Networks 2.1Neighbor Discovery in 60 GHz Indoor Wireless Networks 4.1in Wireless Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2.4

  6. Abstracts and research accomplishments of university coal research projects at historically black colleges and universities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Principal Investigators of the grants supported by the University Coal Research Program at Historically Black Colleges and Universities were requested to submit abstracts and highlight accomplishments of their projects in time for distribution at a grantees conference on June 25--27, 1991 at the Vista International Hotel, Pittsburgh PA. This book is a compilation of the material received in response to the request. The following topics are discussed: properties of coal, rheology, gasification, pyrolysis, combustion, synthesis of alcohols, cleanup of flue gas, and plasma seeding.

  7. Historical overview on Vacuum suitable Welding and fatigue resistance in Research Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Martin

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New inventions change the approach of vacuum suitable welding for research purpose. With orbital welding, laser welding and robot welding the possibilities increase to fabricate larger vessels more accurately. Despite this development there is still no perfect understanding on how to avoid virtual leaks and how to make such joints suitable for dynamic stress. By recalling its historical development, it is apparent how welding mistakes began occurring systematically and how to avoid them. With ASDEX-Upgrade as an example, it is shown how the attempt to conduct vacuum suitable welding has decreased the fatigue strength. ITER could repeat the mistakes of ASDEX-Upgrade even for unwanted welding (accidental fusing of joints).

  8. Building America Best Practices Series Volume 13: Energy Performance Techniques and Technologies: Preserving Historic Homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Britt, Michelle L.; Baechler, Michael C.; Gilbride, Theresa L.; Hefty, Marye G.; Makela, Erin KB; Schneider, Elaine C.; Kaufman, Ned

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This guide is a resource to help contractors renovate historic houses, while addressing issues such as building durability, indoor air quality, and occupant health, safety, and comfort. The best practices described in this document are based on the results of research and demonstration projects conducted by Building America’s research teams. Building America brings together the nation’s leading building scientists with over 300 production builders to develop, test, and apply innovative, energy-efficient construction practices. The guide is available for download from the DOE Building America website www.buildingamerica.gov.

  9. Investigation of historical metal objects using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abdel-Kareem, O. [Conservation Department, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University (Egypt); Ghoneim, M. [Conservation Department, Faculty of Fine Arts, Minia University (Egypt); Harith, M. A. [National Institute of Laser Enhanced Science, Cairo University (Egypt)

    2011-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Analysis of metal objects is a necessary step for establishing an appropriate conservation treatment of an object or to follow up the application's result of the suggested treatments. The main considerations on selecting a method that can be used in investigation and analysis of metal objects are based on the diagnostic power, representative sampling, reproducibility, destructive nature/invasiveness of analysis and accessibility to the appropriate instrument. This study aims at evaluating the usefulness of the use of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) Technique for analysis of historical metal objects. In this study various historical metal objects collected from different museums and excavations in Egypt were investigated using (LIBS) technique. For evaluating usefulness of the suggested analytical protocol of this technique, the same investigated metal objects were investigated by other methods such as Scanning Electron Microscope with energy-dispersive x-ray analyzer (SEM-EDX) and X-ray Diffraction (XRD). This study confirms that Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) Technique is considered very useful technique that can be used safely for investigating historical metal objects. LIBS analysis can quickly provide information on the qualitative and semi-quantitative elemental content of different metal objects and their characterization and classification. It is practically non-destructive technique with the critical advantage of being applicable in situ, thereby avoiding sampling and sample preparations. It is can be dependable, satisfactory and effective method for low cost study of archaeological and historical metals. But we have to take into consideration that the corrosion of metal leads to material alteration and possible loss of certain metals in the form of soluble salts. Certain corrosion products are known to leach out of the object and therefore, their low content does not necessarily reflect the composition of the metal at the time of the object manufacture. Another point should be taken into consideration that the heterogeneity of a metal alloy object that often result from poor mixing of the different metal alloy composition.There is a necessity to carry out further research to investigate and determine the most appropriate and effective approaches and methods for conservation of these metal objects.

  10. A historical and taxonomic investigation of the genus Hemerocallis (daylilies) for the Missouri Botanical Garden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conn, Elisa L.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ). The Missouri Botanical Garden in St. louis, Missouri has made plans and broken ground for a Hsmerocallis garden. The purpose of this garden is not only to display many of the newer nore showy cultivars, hut to give the public a historical look... were the Ye1low Daylily, H. lilioas H. fulva. In 1570 Pierre Pena and Nathias de Iobely two herbalists, described the Ye11ow Daylily, which they called Luteus Liliflorus, in th ~st d . Yt Y Y th sl tee ed&seed in Venice and Antwerp (11). Stout (26...

  11. Title 16 USC 470a Historic Preservation Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolarTharaldson EthanolTillson, New5661°,Open470a Historic Preservation

  12. FUNDAMENTAL PERFORMANCE LIMITS OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Baochun

    FUNDAMENTAL PERFORMANCE LIMITS OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS ZHIHUA HU, BAOCHUN LI Abstract. Understanding the fundamental performance limits of wireless sensor networks is critical towards. Key words. Wireless sensor networks, network capacity, network lifetime. 1. Introduction. When

  13. JAMMING COMMUNICATION NETWORKS UNDER COMPLETE ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a problem of interdicting/jamming communication networks in un- ... Jamming communication networks is an important problem but has.

  14. Water Network Design by MINLP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a solution method for a water-network optimization problem using a ... The optimal design of a WDN (Water Distribution Network) consists, in its ...

  15. alkaline earth complexes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    56 Historical and idealized climate model experiments: an intercomparison of Earth system models of intermediate complexity MIT - DSpace Summary: Both historical and idealized...

  16. ascale model experiment: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2001-01-01 24 Historical and idealized model experiments: an intercomparison of Earth system models of Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: Historical and...

  17. alkaline earth metal complexes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    87 Historical and idealized climate model experiments: an intercomparison of Earth system models of intermediate complexity MIT - DSpace Summary: Both historical and idealized...

  18. Energy Efficiency Improvements to Wundar Hall, a Historic Building on the Concordia Campus, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karman, Nathan

    2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The Forest County Potawatomi Community (â??FCPCâ?ť or â??Communityâ?ť) implemented energy efficiency improvements to revitalize Wundar Hall, a 34,000 square foot (â??SFâ?ť) building that was formerly used as a dormitory and is listed on the National Registry of Historic Places, into an office building. Wundar Hall is the first of many architecturally and historically significant buildings that the Community hopes to renovate at the former Concordia College campus, property on the near west side of Milwaukee that was taken into trust for the Community by the United States on July 10, 1990 (collectively, the â??Concordia Trust Propertyâ?ť). As part of this project, which was conducted with assistance from the Department of Energyâ??s Tribal Energy Program (â??TEPâ?ť), the Community updated and/or replaced the building envelope, mechanical systems, the plumbing system, the electrical infrastructure, and building control systems. The project is expected to reduce the buildingâ??s natural gas consumption by 58% and the electricity consumption by 55%. In addition, the project was designed to act as a catalyst to further renovation of the Concordia Trust Property and the neighborhood. The City of Milwaukee has identified redevelopment of the Concordia Trust Property as a â??Catalytic Projectâ?ť for revitalizing the near west side. The Tribe envisions a revitalized, mixed-use campus of community services, education, and economic developmentâ??providing services to the Indian community and jobs to the neighborhood.

  19. Clustering of radioactive tank waste data and comparison to historical models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simpson, B.C.

    1998-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) has initiated remediation for stored high-level radioactive wastes. At the DOE Hanford site in southeastern Washington, 149 large underground tanks contain such wastes, generated by various chemical processes during the manufacture of plutonium for nuclear weapons. One of the key steps in this remediation effort is to characterize the waste stored in these tanks so that it can be treated properly and safely. A number of samples have been extracted from a subset of the tanks and analyzed for various chemical and radiological constituents. The analytical results were used to cluster tanks into groups with similar waste compositions. The tank groups determined by clustering of the analytical data are compared to tank groups determined using process-based historical models. Agreement between the two grouping strategies may reduce the number of samples required to characterize the waste in a tank, and perhaps support the use of the historical models to characterize tanks that have not been sampled. A successful implementation of this approach with one tank group is described here. This particular case yielded DOE significant savings of characterization resources.

  20. The evolving price of household LED lamps: Recent trends and historical comparisons for the US market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerke, Brian F.; Ngo, Allison T.; Alstone, Andrea L.; Fisseha, Kibret S.

    2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, household LED light bulbs (LED A lamps) have undergone a dramatic price decline. Since late 2011, we have been collecting data, on a weekly basis, for retail offerings of LED A lamps on the Internet. The resulting data set allows us to track the recent price decline in detail. LED A lamp prices declined roughly exponentially with time in 2011-2014, with decline rates of 28percent to 44percent per year depending on lumen output, and with higher-lumen lamps exhibiting more rapid price declines. By combining the Internet price data with publicly available lamp shipments indices for the US market, it is also possible to correlate LED A lamp prices against cumulative production, yielding an experience curve for LED A lamps. In 2012-2013, LED A lamp prices declined by 20-25percent for each doubling in cumulative shipments. Similar analysis of historical data for other lighting technologies reveals that LED prices have fallen significantly more rapidly with cumulative production than did their technological predecessors, which exhibited a historical decline of 14-15percent per doubling of production.

  1. Low-Salinity Waterflooding to Improve Oil Recovery - Historical Field Evidence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eric P. Robertson

    2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Waterflooding is by far the most widely applied method of improved oil recovery. Crude oil/brine/rock interactions can lead to large variations in the displacement efficiency of wa-terfloods. Laboratory water-flood tests and single-well tracer tests have shown that injection of dilute brine can increase oil recovery, but work designed to test the method on a field scale has not yet been undertaken. Historical waterflood records could unintentionally provide some evidence of improved recovery from waterflooding with lower salinity brine. Nu-merous fields in the Powder River basin of Wyoming have been waterflooded using low salinity brine (about 500 ppm) obtained from the Madison limestone or Fox Hills sandstone. Three Minnelusa formation fields in the basin were identified as potential candidates for waterflood comparisons based on the salinity of the connate and injection water. Historical pro-duction and injection data for these fields were obtained from the public record. Field waterflood data were manipulated to be displayed in the same format as laboratory coreflood re-sults. Recovery from fields using lower salinity injection wa-ter was greater than that using higher salinity injection wa-ter—matching recovery trends for laboratory and single-well tests.

  2. A historical perspective of Global Warming Potential from Municipal Solid Waste Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Habib, Komal, E-mail: koh@kbm.sdu.dk [Institute of Chemical Engineering, Biotechnology and Environmental Technology, University of Southern Denmark, Niels Bohr’s Alle 1, 5230 Odense M (Denmark); Schmidt, Jannick H.; Christensen, Per [Department of Development and Planning, Aalborg University, Fibigerstraede 13, DK-9220 Aalborg OE (Denmark)

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: • Five scenarios are compared based on different waste management systems from 1970 to 2010. • Technology development for incineration and vehicular exhaust system throughout the time period is considered. • Compared scenarios show continuous improvement regarding environmental performance of waste management system. • Energy and material recovery from waste account for significant savings of Global Warming Potential (GWP) today. • Technology development for incineration has played key role in lowering the GWP during past five decades. - Abstract: The Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) sector has developed considerably during the past century, paving the way for maximum resource (materials and energy) recovery and minimising environmental impacts such as global warming associated with it. The current study is assessing the historical development of MSWM in the municipality of Aalborg, Denmark throughout the period of 1970 to 2010, and its implications regarding Global Warming Potential (GWP{sub 100}), using the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach. Historical data regarding MSW composition, and different treatment technologies such as incineration, recycling and composting has been used in order to perform the analysis. The LCA results show a continuous improvement in environmental performance of MSWM from 1970 to 2010 mainly due to the changes in treatment options, improved efficiency of various treatment technologies and increasing focus on recycling, resulting in a shift from net emission of 618 kg CO{sub 2}-eq. tonne{sup ?1} to net saving of 670 kg CO{sub 2}-eq. tonne{sup ?1} of MSWM.

  3. Assessing historical global sulfur emission patterns for the period 1850--1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lefohn, A.S. [A.S.L. and Associates, Helena, MT (United States); Husar, J.D.; Husar, R.B. [Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO (United States). Center for Air Pollution Impact and Trend Analysis; Brimblecombe, P. [Univ. of East Anglia, Norwich (United Kingdom)

    1996-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Anthropogenic sulfur dioxide emissions from energy-producing and metal production activities have become an important factor in better understanding the relationship between humans and the environment. Concerns about (1) acid rain effects on the environment and (2) anthropogenic aerosols affecting possible global change have prompted interest in the transformation and fate of sulfur in the environment. One step in assessing the importance of sulfur emissions is the development of a reliable regional emission inventory of sulfur as a function of time. The objective of this research effort was to create a homogeneous database for historical sulfur emission estimates for the world. The time from 1850--1990 was selected to include the period of industrialization form the time the main production of fuels and minerals began until the most recent year for which complete production data exist. This research effort attempts to correct some of the deficiencies associated with previous global sulfur emission estimates by (1) identifying those production activities that resulted in sulfur emissions by country and (2) calculating historical emission trends by country across years. An important component of this study was the comparison of the sulfur emission results with those of previous studies.

  4. Comparative analysis of collaboration networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Progulova, Tatiana; Gadjiev, Bahruz [International University for Nature, Society and Man, 19 Universitetskaya Street, Dubna, 141980 (Russian Federation)

    2011-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we carry out a comparative analysis of the word network as the collaboration network based on the novel by M. Bulgakov 'Master and Margarita', the synonym network of the Russian language as well as the Russian movie actor network. We have constructed one-mode projections of these networks, defined degree distributions for them and have calculated main characteristics. In the paper a generation algorithm of collaboration networks has been offered which allows one to generate networks statistically equivalent to the studied ones. It lets us reveal a structural correlation between word network, synonym network and movie actor network. We show that the degree distributions of all analyzable networks are described by the distribution of q-type.

  5. Honors Faculty Mentor Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    @uga.edu ELIZABETH MANLEY, Administrative Assistant eym@uga.edu KAREN NEWCOMB, Network Administrator knewcombHonors Faculty Mentor Network Providing Students with Friends on the Faculty Mentor Handbook 2006@uga.edu REBECCA CHENEY, Program Assistant rcheney@uga.edu PAULA LANGSTON, Administrative Associate fellows

  6. Computer Networks Rutgers University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badrinath, B. R.

    Ed. (2010), by James F. Kurose and Keith W. Ross. l TCP/IP Illustrated, Volume 1: The Protocols by W. Richard Stevens. l Unix Network Programming: Networking APIs: Sockets and XTI (Volume 1) by W. Richard Stevens. l Advanced Programming in the Unix Environment by W. Richard Stevens, Addison-Wesley, 1993. l I

  7. Financial Networks Anna Nagurney

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    World Oil Routes Natural Gas Flows Network Systems Internet Traffic Anna Nagurney Financial Networks #12 Gothenburg University Gothenburg, Sweden and John F. Smith Memorial Professor Director ­ Virtual Center, 2012 School of Business, Economics and Law Gothenburg University, Sweden Anna Nagurney Financial

  8. Analyzing Network-Wide Interactions Using Graphs: Techniques and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliofotou, Marios

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IP networks. They enable network administrators to gain in-Network Managment Network Administrator Figure 1.1: Basica valuable tool for network administrators to detect

  9. Network on a Chip: Modeling Wireless Networks with Asynchronous VLSI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manohar, Rajit

    for Internet-scale networks (for instance, see [2, 3, 5]), as well as the design of flexible and compositionalNetwork on a Chip: Modeling Wireless Networks with Asynchronous VLSI Rajit Manohar and Clinton, Ithaca NY 14853 Abstract We introduce the notion of a network-on-a-chip: a programmable, asynchronous

  10. Byzantine Modification Detection in Multicast Networks with Random Network Coding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Médard, Muriel

    network coding. Each exogenous source packet is augmented with a flexible number of hash symbols of the random network code, and can have the same (or greater) transmission capacity compared to the sourceByzantine Modification Detection in Multicast Networks with Random Network Coding Tracey Ho, Ben

  11. Introduction to Network Science 1 Introduction to Network Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Safro, Ilya

    of nuclear power plant Actors, Reactors and More #12;Introduction to Network Science 12 #12;Introduction A 80 B 60 C 0 F #12;Introduction to Network Science 2 Recommended Books (optional) #12;Introduction to Network Science 3 Recommended Books (optional) #12;Introduction to Network Science 4 facebook #12

  12. Social Network Analysis Plugin (SNAP) for Mesh Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kotz, David

    networks, called Mesh-Mon, that can help a team of system administrators (sysadmins) manage a wireless. In a wireless mesh network context, a system administrator should pay attention to "bridging nodes" sinceSocial Network Analysis Plugin (SNAP) for Mesh Networks Soumendra Nanda BAE Systems Burlington, MA

  13. UCIT Data Network Standards Campus Wireless Network Standard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habib, Ayman

    UCIT Data Network Standards Campus Wireless Network Standard Classification IT Infrastructure Table.1. Standardization of the U of C's 802.11 wireless networks and frequency bands is required to insure availability of the wireless network to the campus community. Standards of use will improve the wireless service and help

  14. Prolonging Network Lifetime for Target Coverage in Sensor Networks

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    Liang, Weifa

    limits the network lifetime and impairs the network quality. To prolong the network lifetime, energy-efficiency network used for monitoring targets. One efficient method of reducing the energy consumption of sensors Department of Computer Science, The Australian National University Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia Abstract

  15. INTERACTING WITH SOCIAL NETWORKS TO IMPROVE HEALTHCARE BODY SENSOR NETWORKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miles, Will

    INTERACTING WITH SOCIAL NETWORKS TO IMPROVE HEALTHCARE BODY SENSOR NETWORKS by DAVID BAUSCHLICHER monitor and record data while minimizing the energy expenditure of nodes in the BSN. Social networking to a social network creates the unique ability to share health related data with other users through social

  16. New Paradigm for Seismic Networks: Crowd-Sourced Seismic Networks,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greer, Julia R.

    #12;New Paradigm for Seismic Networks: Crowd-Sourced Seismic Networks, including Buildings Tom Egill Hauksson #12;SCSN: what does it encompass? · ~360 Seismic Stations · ~60 stations from partners SCSN/SCEDC total of ~26 FTE's #12;Crowd Sourced Networks · Current broadband seismic network

  17. Mobile RobotsSensor Networks Autonomous Sensor/Actuator Networks

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    Breu, Ruth

    mobile networks with dynamic topology Optimized task allocation and communication based on application and energy constraints Secure communication and data management in mobile sensor networks Solution SpaceMobile RobotsSensor Networks Autonomous Sensor/Actuator Networks ROSES RObot assisted SEnsor

  18. Collective network routing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hoenicke, Dirk

    2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed are a unified method and apparatus to classify, route, and process injected data packets into a network so as to belong to a plurality of logical networks, each implementing a specific flow of data on top of a common physical network. The method allows to locally identify collectives of packets for local processing, such as the computation of the sum, difference, maximum, minimum, or other logical operations among the identified packet collective. Packets are injected together with a class-attribute and an opcode attribute. Network routers, employing the described method, use the packet attributes to look-up the class-specific route information from a local route table, which contains the local incoming and outgoing directions as part of the specifically implemented global data flow of the particular virtual network.

  19. Operations Research and the Captivating Study of Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Paradox and Evolutionary Variational Inequalities · A New Network Performance/Efficiency Measure;Subway Network Railroad Network Iridium Satellite Constellation Network Satellite and Undersea Cable Networks Duke Energy Gas Pipeline Network Transportation, Communication, and Energy Networks #12;Components

  20. Operations Research and the Captivating Study of Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Variational Inequalities · A New Network Performance/Efficiency Measure with Applications to Critical;Subway Network Railroad Network Iridium Satellite Constellation Network Satellite and Undersea Cable Networks Duke Energy Gas Pipeline Network Transportation, Communication, and Energy Networks #12;Components