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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Located between Snyder Hill Road and Ellis Hollow Road, this precinct is at the periphery of the main campus and is home to the research facilities used by the College of Veterinary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

barrier between Snyder Hill Road and the Baker Lab complex. ∑ The Cornell University Natural Areas should dominate the core of the complex and development in this area should consider the design and placement of Veterinary Medicine and Laboratory Animal Sciences. . ∑ Pastures should be protected and reserved for use

Chen, Tsuhan

2

assess clay mineralogy: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Restoration Websites Summary: liner interfaces, such as at the Kettleman Hills landfill (Byrne et al. 1992; Gilbert et al. 1998143 1 INTRODUCTION Geosynthetic clay...

3

applied clay mineralogy: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Restoration Websites Summary: liner interfaces, such as at the Kettleman Hills landfill (Byrne et al. 1992; Gilbert et al. 1998143 1 INTRODUCTION Geosynthetic clay...

4

ESSES 2003 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Energy Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 ESSES 2003© 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Energy Management at Upper Levels of System Design Carla Schlatter Ellis Systems & Architecture Milly Watt Project 2ESSES 2003© 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Energy Watt Project #12;2 3ESSES 2003© 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Energy should be a "first class" resource

Ellis, Carla

5

and-1b drillcore clay: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Restoration Websites Summary: liner interfaces, such as at the Kettleman Hills landfill (Byrne et al. 1992; Gilbert et al. 1998143 1 INTRODUCTION Geosynthetic clay...

6

ESSES 2003 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Display Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 ESSES 2003© 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Display Management: Sensing User Intention and Context (HOTOS 2003) 2ESSES 2003© 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Outline · Motivation and Research Objective · Face · Related Work ­ ACPI ­ Dark Windows #12;2 3ESSES 2003© 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Motivation · Current

Ellis, Carla

7

Every Joule is Precious Carla Schlatter Ellis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Goals /Metrics ∑ Battery lifetime (hours) ∑ Energy usage (by fixed task set) (Joules) ∑ Energy * Delay lifetime Battery-powered Laptop Non-energy-aware general purpose applications Go Project #12;Indiana, February 2005© 2005, Carla Schlatter Ellis Energy for computing is an important

Ellis, Carla

8

ESSES 2003 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Power-Aware Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 ESSES 2003© 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Power-Aware Memory Management 2ESSES 2003© 2003, Carla management · OS page allocation policies · Experimental results · Future work, open questions #12;2 3ESSES Allocation [ASPLOS00] ESSES 2003© 2003, Carla Schlatter Ellis Memory System Power Consumption · Laptop

Ellis, Carla

9

Title/Loc/Date: Slide # 1 Jo EllisMonaghan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Title/Loc/Date: Slide # 1 Jo Ellis­Monaghan e­mail: joellis@emba.uvm.edu website: http://academics.smcvt.edu/jellis­monaghan #12; Title/Loc/Date: Slide # 2 29(59,(:# . First some problems (network reliability, scheduling; Title/Loc/Date: Slide # 3 6RPH#3UHOLPLQDULHV# # 'HOHWLRQ

Ellis-Monaghan, Joanna

10

Evaluating User Privacy in Bitcoin Elli Androulaki1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluating User Privacy in Bitcoin Elli Androulaki1 , Ghassan O. Karame2 , Marc Roeschlin1 , Tobias.karame@neclab.eu Abstract. Bitcoin is quickly emerging as a popular digital payment system. How- ever, in spite of its reliance on pseudonyms, Bitcoin raises a number of privacy concerns due to the fact that all

11

THE WARP DRIVE AND ANTIGRAVITY Homer G. Ellis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE WARP DRIVE AND ANTIGRAVITY Homer G. Ellis Abstract. The warp drive envisioned by Alcubierre that dis- tortion, however it might be designed, would #12;t well the picturesque name `warp drive' familiar from science #12;ction. In this paper I shall show that such a warp drive can be made to serve

Ellis, Homer

12

CLAY AND SHALE--2002 18.1 CLAY AND SHALE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CLAY AND SHALE--2002 18.1 CLAY AND SHALE By Robert L. Virta Domestic survey data and tables were clay, bentonite, common clay and shale, fire clay, fuller's earth, and kaolin. Ball clays consist of feldspars, biotite, and quartz. Common clay and shale contain illite and chlorite as major components. Fire

13

Clay and SHale--2004 18.1 Clay and Shale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Clay and SHale--2004 18.1 Clay and Shale By Robert l. Virta Domestic survey data and tables were). Common Clay and Shale.--In 2004, 162 companies produced common clay and shale from approximately 459 pits in 41 States and Puerto Rico. In States not reporting production, common clay and shale probably

14

Modified clay sorbents  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A novel modified clay sorbent and method of treating industrial effluents to remove trace pollutants, such as dioxins, biphenyls, and polyaromatics such as benzo(a)pyrene and pentachlorophenol. The novel clay sorbent has a composite structure in which the interlayer space of an expandable clay, such as smectite, is filled with polyvalent or multivalent inorganic cations which forces weaker surfactant cations to locate on the surface of the clay in such an orientation that the resulting composite is hydrophilic in nature. A specific example is cetylpyridinium-hydroxy aluminum-montmorillonite. In certain embodiments, a non-expanding clay, such as kaolinite, is used and surfactant cations are necessarily located on an external surface of the clay. A specific example is cetylpyridinium-kaolinite.

Fogler, H. Scott (Ann Arbor, MI); Srinivasan, Keeran R. (Livonia, MI)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Hille Paakkunainen Philosophy Department  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hille Paakkunainen Philosophy Department Syracuse University 541 Hall of Languages Syracuse, NY 2011- Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Syracuse University Education 2011 PhD, Philosophy, University of Pittsburgh 2003 MA (first class honors), Philosophy, University of Glasgow, UK Areas of Specialization Ethics

McConnell, Terry

16

CLAY AND SHALE--2001 18.1 CLAY AND SHALE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

operated approximately 633 clay and shale pits or quarries. The largest 20 companies, many with multiple

17

Geosynthetic clay liner applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geosynthetic clay liners (GCLs) are becoming a popular alternative to compacted clay barrier layers at sanitary landfills. They possess many of the same qualities of compacted clay barrier layers while occupying only a small fraction of the airspace. This is a very attractive feature to waste disposal facility owners and operators. Designing for, and constructing with, a GCL can be a challenging task--stability issues must be evaluated, selecting the appropriate product should be considered, comprehensive specifications are needed to ensure proper product selection and installation, and steps must be taken during installation to prevent damage to the GCL. Perhaps most importantly, state regulatory agencies must be convinced that GCLs will provide long-term protection that is equivalent to a clay barrier layer.

McGrath, L.T.; Creamer, P.D. [RMT, Inc., Madison, WI (United States)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Silent partners and missing links : history, architecture and the challenge of the Ellis Island Immigration Museum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As this nation's first and largest immigration station Ellis Island not only processed millions of immigrants, but also functioned to develop mechanisms of control and procedures for inspecting thousands of immigrants on ...

Weld, Linda R. (Linda Ruth)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Wellbore instability mechanisms in clays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation investigates the stability of wellbores drilled in Ko-consolidated clays using non-linear finite element method (FEM) and effective stress soil models to characterize the behavior of clay and unconsolidated ...

Akl, Sherif Adel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

CO2 percolation experiment through chlorite/zeolite-rich sandstone (Pretty Hill Formation Otway BasinAustralia)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CO2 percolation experiment through chlorite/zeolite-rich sandstone (Pretty Hill Formation ­ Otway November 2011 Editor: D.B. Dingwell Keywords: CO2 storage Clay precipitation Carbon Permeability Reactive transport Underground CO2 sequestration is highly recommended as an effective means of significantly

Demouchy, Sylvie

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

See Map 143 (A) Forest Hill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Warwick Wiangaree Beenleigh Toowoomba Cleveland Redcliffe Urbenville Woodenbone Beaudesert Forest Hill

Greenslade, Diana

22

Aviation Safety Reporting System 625 Ellis St. Suite 305 Mountain View California 94043  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the event. Those who work to improve aviation safety have long recognized that incident reporting fromAviation Safety Reporting System 625 Ellis St. Suite 305 Mountain View California 94043 Cabin Crew Safety Information Article Presented at the 17th International Aircraft Cabin Safety Symposium by Linda

23

THE MILLION SONG DATASET Thierry Bertin-Mahieux, Daniel P.W. Ellis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE MILLION SONG DATASET Thierry Bertin-Mahieux, Daniel P.W. Ellis Columbia University LabROSA, EE {brian, paul}@echonest.com ABSTRACT We introduce the Million Song Dataset, a freely-available collection research dataset in our field. As an illustra- tion, we present year prediction as an example application

Ellis, Dan

24

Specular highlights of plastic surfaces and the Fresnel Coefficient Elli Angelopoulou*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Specular highlights of plastic surfaces and the Fresnel Coefficient Elli Angelopoulou* and Sofya that the color of specularities for materials like plastics and ceramics can be approximated by the color by experiments performed on multispectral images of different colored plastic tiles. The refractive indices

Angelopoulou, Elli

25

L. Rex Ellis Assistant Research Scientist of Subaqueous Soils (100% Research)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S., Environmental Science, University of Florida, 1998 M.S., Soil Science, University of Florida, 2002 Ph.D., Soil Assistant, Soil and Water Science Department, UF 1998-2000, Soil Scientist, St. Johns River Water Management of Transportation Role: Co-PI Publications Hurt, G.W., Ellis, L.R., Sub-aqueous Soil Morphology Indicators

Jawitz, James W.

26

Black Hills Energy- Solar Power Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Black Hills Energy has a performance-based incentive (PBI) for photovoltaic (PV) systems up to 100 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. In exchange for these incentives, Black Hills Energy earns the right...

27

CLAY AND SHALE--2003 18.1 CLAY AND SHALE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

%), drilling mud (22%), and iron ore pelletizing (15%); for common clay and shale, brick (55%), cement (19 Protection Agency (EPA) finalized its maximum achievable control technology (MACT) regulation/Mg of uncalcined clay or a reduction of 30% in emissions. For new batch kilns, hydrogen fluoride and hydrogen

28

CLAY AND SHALE--1998 R1 CLAY AND SHALE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) continued its work on the Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT for Hazardous Air Pollutants Program, which was established by the 1990 Amendments to the Clean Air Act. Clay are mainly underclays associated with coal. Domestic production data for clays were developed by the U

29

GEORGE WATTS HILL ALUMNI CENTER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BR IN KH O U S- BU LLITT CHILLER BUILDING F KENAN STADIUM GEORGE WATTS HILL ALUMNI CENTER EHRINGHAUS FIELD DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY C AR PEN TRY SH O P CHILLER BUILDING NEURO SCIENCES WATER TOWER ITS MANNING CHILLER BUILDING PUBLIC SAFETY BLDG. MORRISON RIDGEROAD EHRINGHAUS BOSHAMER BASEBALL STADIUM

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

30

Multiscale modeling of clay-water systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The engineering properties of soils are highly affected by clay content and clay-water interactions. However, existing macro-scale continuum models have no length scale to describe the evolution of the clay microstructure ...

Ebrahimi, Davoud

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

WIND DATA REPORT Quincy, Quarry Hills  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Anthony F. Ellis January 23, 2007 Report template version 1.2 Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Research Laboratory (RERL) at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst in the course of performing work, or referred to in this report. January 23, 2007 Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Page 1 University

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

32

THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO/ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY CHICAGO: 5735 S. ELLIS AVENUE, SEARLE BLDG., CHICAGO, IL 60637  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO/ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY CHICAGO: 5735 S. ELLIS AVENUE, SEARLE BLDG., CHICAGO, IL 60637 ARGONNE: 9700 S. CASS AVE, TCS BLDG., ARGONNE, IL 60439 PHONE: 773-834-6812 FAX: 773

Droegemeier, Kelvin K.

33

State & Federal Initiatives Energy and Waste- The Landmark Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island Energy Savings Performance Contract  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATE & FEDERAL INITIATIVES ENERGY AND WASTE THE LANDMARK STATUE OF LIBERTY AND ELLIS ISLAND ENERGY SAVINGS PERFORMANCE CONTRACT Michael D. Leach, P.E., C.E.M. Chairman and CEO CESlWay International, Inc. ABSTRACT The Statue... of Liberty and Ellis Island National Monument are perhaps the most visible Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPC) performed in the U.S. to date simply because of the international notoriety of the facilities themselves. While the technologies...

Leach, M. D.

34

Hill County Secondary Data Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

prevalence (Heart Attack) 4.0% 4.1% 6.0% All Sites Cancer 461.9 (Region 2) 455.5 543.2 1 Community) Leading Causes of Death County1 Montana1,2 Nation2 1. Heart Disease 2. Cancer 3. Unintentional Injuries** 1. Cancer 2. Heart Disease 3.CLRD* 1. Heart Disease 2. Cancer 3. CLRD* #12; Hill County

Maxwell, Bruce D.

35

Effects of polyols on processing and qualities of wheat tortillas / by Elly Lusia Dewi Suhendro  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1992) Elly Lusia Dewi Suhendro, B. S. , Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Indonesia Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Ralph D. Waniska Effects of polyols on processing of hot-press wheat tortillas were evaluated. Hot-press wheat tortillas with 0... mixing characteristics and machinability, tortillas characteristics, rollability over time, sensory evaluation, water holding capacity (WHC), molecular dispersion of starch and water activity were determined. Low protein (10. 2%) flour required less...

Suhendro, Elly Lusia Dewi

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

2005 Minerals Yearbook CLAY AND SHALE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2005 Minerals Yearbook CLAY AND SHALE U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey February 2007 #12;CLAY AND SHALE--2005 18.1 CLAY AND SHALE By Robert L. Virta Domestic survey data at $1.68 billion in 2004 (table 1). Common clay and shale accounted for 59% of the tonnage, and kaolin

37

Jamaican red clay tobacco pipes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JAMAICAN RED CLAY TOBACCO PIPES A Thesis by KENAN PAUL HEIDTKE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS December 1992 Major Subject...: Anthropology JAMAICAN RED CLAY TOBACCO PIPES A Thesis by KENAN PAUL HEIDTKE Approved as to style and content by: Dorm L. Hamilton (Chair of Committee) Frederick H. van Doorninck, J (Member) enry C. Schmidt (Member) Vaughn M. Bryant (Head...

Heidtke, Kenan Paul

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Microsoft Word - ThurstonHills_CX.docx  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Dorie Welch Project Manager - KEWM-4 Proposed Action: Thurston Hills property funding Fish and Wildlife Project No.: 2011-003-00, BPA-007071 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from...

39

Black Hills Power- Commercial Energy Efficiency Programs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Black Hills Power provides rebates for its commercial customers who install energy efficient heat pumps, motors, variable frequency drives, lighting, and water heaters. Custom rebates for approved...

40

Black Hills Power- Residential Customer Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Black Hills Power offers cash rebates to residential customers who purchase and install energy efficient equipment in their homes. Incentives exist for water heaters, demand control units, air...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Trinity Hills | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTaguspark JumpDetective:Toyo AluminiumCity LightHills Jump to:

42

Glacier Hills | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to: navigation,GigaCrete Inc Jump to: navigation,GillardHills Jump

43

Laurel Hill | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place:Keystone CleanLaton, California: Energy ResourcesHill Jump

44

Los Alamos National Laboratory Investigates Fenton Hill to Support...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Los Alamos National Laboratory's Corrective Actions Program (CAP) completed sampling soil at Fenton Hill in the Jemez Mountains this month. Fenton Hill, known to the...

45

Loess Hills and Southern Iowa Development and Conservation (Iowa)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Loess Hills Development and Conservation Authority, the Loess Hills Alliance, and the Southern Iowa Development and Conservation Authority are regional organizations with representatives from...

46

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Goff & Decker, 1983) Exploration Activity Details Location Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area Exploration Technique...

47

Independent Oversight Review, Hanford Site CH2M Hill Plateau...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

CH2M Hill Plateau Remediation Company - November 2012 Independent Oversight Review, Hanford Site CH2M Hill Plateau Remediation Company - November 2012 November 2012 Review of the...

48

CLAY AND SHALE--1999 18.1 CLAY AND SHALE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is required under the National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Program, which was established of hazardous air pollutants. The agency further concluded that there were approximately 20 major sources on the Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) for the clay-products-manufacturing industries. The MACT

49

P L E A S E D I R E C T Q U E S T I O N S T O : Jimmy Ellis (970) 491-5200 175 Rockwell Hall jimmy.ellis@colostate.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P L E A S E D I R E C T Q U E S T I O N S T O : Jimmy Ellis ∑ (970) 491-5200 ∑ 175 Rockwell Hall account ∑ E-Lab - Virtual Lab M-Lab ≠ Laptop check out program ∑ Rockwell Hall Computer Lab Updated

50

Investigations into Tandem Acoustic Modeling for the Aurora Task Daniel P.W. Ellis and Manuel J. Reyes Gomez  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Investigations into Tandem Acoustic Modeling for the Aurora Task Daniel P.W. Ellis and Manuel J relative error rate reduc- tions of 30% or more on the Aurora task, as well as support- ing feature stream are reported on the Aurora-2000 noisy digits task. 1. Introduction The 1999 ETSI Aurora evaluation of proposed

Ellis, Dan

51

Bunker Hill Sediment Characterization Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The long history of mineral extraction in the Coeur díAlene Basin has left a legacy of heavy metal laden mine tailings that have accumulated along the Coeur díAlene River and its tributaries (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2001; Barton, 2002). Silver, lead and zinc were the primary metals of economic interest in the area, but the ores contained other elements that have become environmental hazards including zinc, cadmium, lead, arsenic, nickel, and copper. The metals have contaminated the water and sediments of Lake Coeur díAlene, and continue to be transported downstream to Spokane Washington via the Spokane River. In 1983, the EPA listed the Bunker Hill Mining and Metallurgical Complex on the National Priorities List. Since that time, many of the most contaminated areas have been stabilized or isolated, however metal contaminants continue to migrate through the basin. Designation as a Superfund site causes significant problems for the economically depressed communities in the area. Identification of primary sources of contamination can help set priorities for cleanup and cleanup options, which can include source removal, water treatment or no action depending on knowledge about the mobility of contaminants relative to water flow. The mobility of contaminant mobility under natural or engineered conditions depends on multiple factors including the physical and chemical state (or speciation) of metals and the range of processes, some of which can be seasonal, that cause mobilization of metals. As a result, it is particularly important to understand metal speciation (National Research Council, 2005) and the link between speciation and the rates of metal migration and the impact of natural or engineered variations in flow, biological activity or water chemistry.

Neal A. Yancey; Debby F. Bruhn

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc- Energy Conservation Loans  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Clay Electric Cooperative (CEC), a Touchstone Energy Cooperative, covers 14 North Florida counties, including Gainesville, Keystone Heights, Lake City, Orange Park, Palatka, and Salt Springs. It...

53

Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc- Solar Thermal Loans  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Clay Electric Cooperative (CEC), a Touchstone Energy Cooperative, covers 14 counties in northern Florida, including Gainesville, Keystone Heights, Lake City, Orange Park, Palatka, and Salt Springs....

54

ELLIS, TIMOTHY ALAN. Assessing Nursery Quality for Southern Flounder, Paralichthys lethostigma, through Fish Energy Content and Habitat Abiotic Conditions. (Under the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

habitat quality. When measured on appropriate temporal and spatial scales, total fish energy contentABSTRACT ELLIS, TIMOTHY ALAN. Assessing Nursery Quality for Southern Flounder, Paralichthys. Anthropogenic perturbations and watershed activities threaten the quality of these vital ecosystems

Buckel, Jeffrey A.

55

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of the Fenton Hill HDR Reservoir Donald W. Brown (1994) How to Achieve a Four-Fold Productivity Increase at Fenton Hill Additional References Retrieved from "http:en.openei.org...

56

Town of Chapel Hill- Energy Conservation Requirements for Town Buildings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Town of Chapel Hillís energy-conservation ordinance requires that all town-owned buildings be designed to achieve a goal of achieving a Silver level certification as defined by the Green...

57

Black Hills Energy (Gas)- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Black Hills Energy offers its residential Iowa customers incentives to encourage energy efficiency in their homes. Black Hills Energy offers a free home energy evaluation to customers (both owners...

58

Clay Sell Sworn in as Deputy Secretary of Energy | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Clay Sell Sworn in as Deputy Secretary of Energy Clay Sell Sworn in as Deputy Secretary of Energy March 21, 2005 - 10:53am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Jeffrey Clay Sell was sworn in...

59

Vehicle route to Stag Hill Campus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HILL COURT (1­44) UNIVERSITY COURT (45­66) SCS HC Yorkie's Bridge Rising Barrier Path to Ridgemount MILLENNIUMHOUSE SE AQA Car Park AQA Car Park PM Barrier Entrance Exit IAC LC Senate Car Park Guildford Railway 18 16 21 19 14 23 22 20 R Chancellors SU Mole 23 W Bourne 22 Black Water 21 Wey 27 Thames 24 Wandle

Stevenson, Paul

60

Ecology, Silviculture, and Management of Black Hills  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Battaglia United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station General Technical Report RMRS-GTR-97 September 2002 #12;Shepperd, Wayne D.; Battaglia, Michael A. 2002. Ecology in Arizona, and the Black Hills of South Dakota. Michael A. Battaglia is a research associate with METI

Fried, Jeremy S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Clay-Oil Droplet Suspensions in Electric Field.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Silicone oil droplets containing synthetic smectite clay submerged in another immiscible organic oil have been studied by observing clay particle movement, oil circulation andÖ (more)

Kjerstad, Knut BrÝndbo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Intercalation of Trichloroethene by Sediment-Associated Clay...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Intercalation of Trichloroethene by Sediment-Associated Clay Minerals. Intercalation of Trichloroethene by Sediment-Associated Clay Minerals. Abstract: The objective of this...

63

TIME DOMAIN REFLECTOMETRY MEASUREMENT AND HIGHLY PLASTIC CLAYS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 TIME DOMAIN REFLECTOMETRY MEASUREMENT AND HIGHLY PLASTIC CLAYS By: J. A. Kuhn1 and J. G. Zornberg for use in highly plastic clay. The clay used for experimentation was taken locally from the Eagle Ford Ford Clay is determined. INTRODUCTION The progression of wetting and drying fronts in highly plastic

Zornberg, Jorge G.

64

CLAYS--2000 19.1 By Robert L. Virta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Administration (FDA) clarified its guidance document for dioxins in anticaking agents, including clay, used

65

2006 Minerals Yearbook ClaY and Shale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2006 Minerals Yearbook ClaY and Shale U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey January 2008 #12;Clay and Shale--2006 18.1 The amount of clay sold or used by domestic producers in 2006 in 2005 (table 1). Common clay and shale accounted for 59% of the tonnage, and kaolin accounted for 55

66

Natural Radioactivity of Boron Added Clay Samples  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Clay, consisting fine-grained minerals, is an interesting materials and can be used in a variety of different fields especially in dermatology application. Using clay such a field it is important to measure its natural radioactivity. Thus the purpose of this study is to measure {sup 226}Ra, {sup 232}Th and {sup 40}K concentration in clay samples enriched with boron. Three different types of clay samples were prepared where boron is used in different rate. The measurements have been determined using a gamma-ray spectrometry consists of a 3''x3'' NaI(Tl) detector. From the measured activity the radium equivalent activities (Ra{sub eq}), external hazard index (H{sub ex}), absorbed dose rate in air (D) and annual effective dose (AED) have also been obtained.

Akkurt, I.; Guenoglu, K. [Sueleyman Demirel University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Dept. of Physics, Isparta (Turkey); Canakcii, H. [Gaziantep University, Engineering Faculty, Civil Engineering Dept., Gaziantep (Turkey); Mavi, B. [Amasya University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Dept. of Physics, Amasya (Turkey)

2011-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

67

EA-1581: Sand Hills Wind Project, Wyoming  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Bureau of Land Management, with DOEís Western Area Power Administration as a cooperating agency, was preparing this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal to construct, operate, and maintain the Sand Hills Wind Energy Facility on private and federal lands in Albany County, Wyoming. If the proposed action had been implemented, Western would have interconnected the proposed facility to an existing transmission line. This project has been canceled.

68

Completion strategy includes clay and precipitate control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article describes the conditions which are necessary for a successful oil well completion in the Mississippi and Cherokee zones of South Central Kansas. Topics considered include paraffin precipitation, clay swelling and migration, and iron precipitation. Clays in these zones are sensitive to water-base treating fluids and tend to swell and migrate to the well bore, thereby causing permeability damage. The presence of iron in the Mississippi and Cherokee formations has been indicated by cuttings, core samples, and connate water samples.

Sandy, T.; Gardner, G.R.

1985-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

69

On The Thermal Consolidation Of Boom Clay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When a mass of saturated clay is heated, as in the case of host soils surrounding nuclear waste disposals at great depth, the thermal expansion of the constituents generates excess pore pressures. The mass of clay is submitted to gradients of pore pressure and temperature, to hydraulic and thermal flows, and to changes in its mechanical properties. In this work, some of these aspects were experimentally studied in the case of Boom clay, so as to help predicting the response of the soil, in relation with investigations made in the Belgian underground laboratory at Mol. Results of slow heating tests with careful volume change measurements showed that a reasonable prediction of the thermal expansion of the clay-water system was obtained by using the thermal properties of free water. In spite of the density of Boom clay, no significant effect of water adsorption was observed. The thermal consolidation of Boom clay was studied through fast heating tests. A simple analysis shows that the hydraulic and thermal trans...

Delage, Pierre; Cui, Yu-Jun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Clay and non-clay minerals in the pharmaceutical industry Part I. Excipients and medical applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Clay and non-clay minerals in the pharmaceutical industry Part I. Excipients and medical in the pharmaceutical industry as lubricants, desiccants, disintegrants, diluents, binders, pigments and opaci ers form 17 July 2009 Accepted 22 July 2009 Available online 29 July 2009 Keywords: Minerals Pharmaceutical

Ahmad, Sajjad

71

Review Article Clay and non-clay minerals in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review Article Clay and non-clay minerals in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries Part II Pharmaceutical industry Cosmetic industry Active ingredients Physical and physico-chemical properties A wide range and variety of minerals are used in the pharmaceutical industry as active ingredients

Ahmad, Sajjad

72

WIND DATA REPORT Camden Hills Regional High School, ME  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Camden Hills Regional High School, ME December 1st 2005 to February 28th 2006.................................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

73

WIND DATA REPORT Camden Hills Regional High School, ME  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Camden Hills Regional High School, ME June 1st 2006 to August 31th 2006 Prepared.................................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

74

WIND DATA REPORT Camden Hills Regional High School, ME  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Camden Hills Regional High School, ME September 1st 2006 to November 30th 2006.................................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

75

WIND DATA REPORT Camden Hills Regional High School, ME  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Camden Hills Regional High School, ME December 1, 2006 ­ February 28, 2007...................................................................................................................... 7 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 8 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

76

WIND DATA REPORT Camden Hills Regional High School, ME  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Camden Hills Regional High School, ME March 1st 2006 to May 31th 2006 Prepared.................................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

77

Core Analysis At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Brookins &...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Activity Details Location Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Core Analysis Activity Date - 1983 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes See linked...

78

Cuttings Analysis At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Laughlin...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Cuttings Analysis At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Laughlin, Et Al., 1983) Exploration Activity...

79

Conceptual Model At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Grigsby...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Grigsby & Tester, 1989) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Conceptual Model At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Grigsby & Tester,...

80

Black Hills Energy (Electric)- Residential Energy Efficiency Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Black Hills Energy (BHE) offers rebates for residential Colorado customers who purchase energy efficient residential equipment. This program offers rebates for customers who purchase and install...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Black Hills Energy (Gas)- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Black Hills Energy offers commercial and industrial customers incentives to encourage energy efficiency in eligible businesses. Prescriptive rebates are available for furnace and boiler...

82

Black Hills Energy (Gas)- Commercial Energy Efficiency Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Black Hills Energy offers multiple programs for Colorado commercial and industrial customers to save natural gas in eligible facilities. The commercial prescriptive rebate program provides...

83

Black Hills Energy (Electric)- Commercial Energy Efficiency Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Black Hills Energy offers multiple programs for its Colorado commercial and industrial customers to save electricity in their facilities. The commercial prescriptive rebate program provides...

84

Black Hills Energy (Gas)- Residential Energy Efficiency Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Black Hills Energy (BHE) offers a variety of rebates for residential Colorado customers who purchase and install energy efficient natural gas appliances, heating equipment and insulation materials....

85

Surface Gas Sampling At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Grigsby...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Surface Gas Sampling At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Grigsby, Et Al., 1983) Exploration...

86

Surface Gas Sampling At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Goff...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Surface Gas Sampling At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Goff & Janik, 2002) Exploration Activity...

87

Enchanted Clays: 44th Annual Meeting of the Clay Minerals Society (June 2007)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ďEnchanted Clays: 44th Annual Meeting of the Clay Minerals SocietyĒ was held in early June 2007 in beautiful and historic Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA. Santa Fe provided an idyllic location in the southwestern United States for the attendees to enjoy technical and social sessions while soaking up the diverse culture and wonderful climate of New MexicoóThe Land of Enchantment. The meeting included a large and varied group of scientists, sharing knowledge and ideas, benefitting from technical interactions, and enjoying the wonderful historic and enchanted environs of Santa Fe. Including significant number of international scientists, the meeting was attended by approximately two hundred participants. The meeting included three days of technical sessions (oral and poster presentations), three days of field trips to clay and geological sites of northern New Mexico, and a full day workshop on the stabilization of carbon by clays. Details can be found at the meeting web site: www.sandia.gov/clay.

Randall T. Cygan

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Organic or organometallic template mediated clay synthesis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is described for incorporating diverse varieties of intercalates or templates directly during hydrothermal synthesis of clays such as hectorite or montmorillonite-type layer-silicate clays. For a hectorite layer-silicate clay, refluxing a gel of silica sol, magnesium hydroxide sol and lithium fluoride for two days in the presence of an organic or organometallic intercalate or template results in crystalline products containing either (a) organic dye molecules such as ethyl violet and methyl green, (b) dye molecules such as alcian blue that are based on a Cu(II)-phthalocyannine complex, or (c) transition metal complexes such as Ru(II)phenanthroline and Co(III)sepulchrate or (d) water-soluble porphyrins and metalloporphyrins. Montmorillonite-type clays are made by the method taught by U.S. Pat. No. 3,887,454 issued to Hickson, Jun. 13, 1975; however, a variety of intercalates or templates may be introduced. The intercalates or templates should have (i) water-solubility, (ii) positive charge, and (iii) thermal stability under moderately basic (pH 9-10) aqueous reflux conditions or hydrothermal pressurized conditions for the montmorillonite-type clays. 22 figures.

Gregar, K.C.; Winans, R.E.; Botto, R.E.

1994-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

89

Organic or organometallic template mediated clay synthesis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for incorporating diverse Varieties of intercalants or templates directly during hydrothermal synthesis of clays such as hectorite or montmorillonite-type layer-silicate clays. For a hectorite layer-silicate clay, refluxing a gel of silica sol, magnesium hydroxide sol and lithium fluoride for two days in the presence of an organic or organometallic intercalant or template results in crystalline products containing either (a) organic dye molecules such as ethyl violet and methyl green, (b) dye molecules such as alcian blue that are based on a Cu(II)-phthalocyannine complex, or (c) transition metal complexes such as Ru(II)phenanthroline and Co(III)sepulchrate or (d) water-soluble porphyrins and metalloporphyrins. Montmorillonite-type clays are made by the method taught by U.S. Pat. No. 3,887,454 issued to Hickson, Jun. 13, 1975; however, a variety of intercalants or templates may be introduced. The intercalants or templates should have (i) water-solubility, (ii) positive charge, and (iii) thermal stability under moderately basic (pH 9-10) aqueous reflux conditions or hydrothermal pressurized conditions for the montmorillonite-type clays.

Gregar, Kathleen C. (Bolingbrook, IL); Winans, Randall E. (Downers Grove, IL); Botto, Robert E. (Downers Grove, IL)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Record Hill Wind | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September 15,2015 |Rebecca Matulka AboutEnergy Practice forRecord Hill

91

Chandler Hills Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahanWindSyracuse,CER.png El CERChaiIL)Chandler Hills

92

Smoky Hills Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant ofRichardtonManagement,SmartestEnergy Ltd JumpSmoky Hills

93

Sunny Hill Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g GrantAtlas (PACAOpenSummerside WindSolar Energy Jump to:Sunny Hill

94

Wilmont Hills Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 South Place:ReferenceEdit JumpWill County, Illinois: FacilityWilmont Hills

95

Damage to HDPE geomembrane from interface shear over gravelly compacted clay liner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

strength of three geosynthetic clay liners,Ē Journal ofperformance of geosynthetic clay liners under gravel coverShear Machine for Geosynthetic Clay Liners,Ē Geotechnical

Thielmann, Stuart

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Plasticity of the Dakota Clays of Kansas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of plasticity from the physico-chemical direction were made by more recent investigators, for example, Ashley, in this cotmnfcry, has experimented with clays in order to e:q}lain th9 cause of plasticity by measuring the colloids of the clay. He was then able... of the present day conception of the colloidal state of' matter, Thomas Graham (9) an English physicist, working on his classical experiments 1860 - 64, on diffusion or dtlysis was led to divide substances into two groups, according *as the rate of diffusion...

Belchic, George

1915-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Hill crossing during preheating after hilltop inflation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 'hilltop inflation', inflation takes place when the inflaton field slowly rolls from close to a maximum of its potential (i.e. the 'hilltop') towards its minimum. When the inflaton potential is associated with a phase transition, possible topological defects produced during this phase transition, such as domain walls, are efficiently diluted during inflation. It is typically assumed that they also do not reform after inflation, i.e. that the inflaton field stays on its side of the 'hill', finally performing damped oscillations around the minimum of the potential. In this paper we study the linear and the non-linear phases of preheating after hilltop inflation. We find that the fluctuations of the inflaton field during the tachyonic oscillation phase grow strong enough to allow the inflaton field to form regions in position space where it crosses 'over the top of the hill' towards the 'wrong vacuum'. We investigate the formation and behaviour of these overshooting regions using lattice simulations: Rather than durable domain walls, these regions form oscillon-like structures (i.e. localized bubbles that oscillate between the two vacua) which should be included in a careful study of preheating in hilltop inflation.

Stefan Antusch; David Nolde; Stefano Orani

2015-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

98

Hill crossing during preheating after hilltop inflation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 'hilltop inflation', inflation takes place when the inflaton field slowly rolls from close to a maximum of its potential (i.e. the 'hilltop') towards its minimum. When the inflaton potential is associated with a phase transition, possible topological defects produced during this phase transition, such as domain walls, are efficiently diluted during inflation. It is typically assumed that they also do not reform after inflation, i.e. that the inflaton field stays on its side of the 'hill', finally performing damped oscillations around the minimum of the potential. In this paper we study the linear and the non-linear phases of preheating after hilltop inflation. We find that the fluctuations of the inflaton field during the tachyonic oscillation phase grow strong enough to allow the inflaton field to form regions in position space where it crosses 'over the top of the hill' towards the 'wrong vacuum'. We investigate the formation and behaviour of these overshooting regions using lattice simulations: Rather t...

Antusch, Stefan; Orani, Stefano

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

CITY Of MORGAN HILL DEVELOPMENT SERVIC ES CENTER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, or the green point threshold required. Thank you for considering Morgan Hill's Sustainable Building Ordinance Street Sacramento, Ca 95814-5514 Re: City of Morgan Hill Sustainable Building Ordinance and the Building staff presented the Sustainable Building Ordinance and the Energy Cost Effective Study to the City

100

Water-Gas Sampling At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Janik...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water-Gas Sampling At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Janik & Goff, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Water-Gas...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

THE THISL SDR SYSTEM AT TREC8 Dave Abberley (1), Steve Renals (1), Dan Ellis (2) and Tony Robinson (3,4)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(20077). was the task of the retrieval system to find the location of the news stories contained withinTHE THISL SDR SYSTEM AT TREC­8 Dave Abberley (1), Steve Renals (1), Dan Ellis (2) and Tony Robinson of Engineering, University of Cambridge, UK (4) SoftSound, UK Email: fd.abberley, s.renalsg@dcs.shef.ac.uk, dpwe

Edinburgh, University of

102

THE THISL SDR SYSTEM AT TREC-8 Dave Abberley (1), Steve Renals (1), Dan Ellis (2) and Tony Robinson (3,4)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(20077). was the task of the retrieval system to find the location of the news stories contained withinTHE THISL SDR SYSTEM AT TREC-8 Dave Abberley (1), Steve Renals (1), Dan Ellis (2) and Tony Robinson of Engineering, University of Cambridge, UK (4) SoftSound, UK Email: fd.abberley, s.renalsg@dcs.shef.ac.uk, dpwe

Ellis, Dan

103

THE THISL SDR SYSTEM AT TREC-8 Dave Abberley (1), Steve Renals (1), Dan Ellis (2) and Tony Robinson (3,4)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stories contained within it. The TREC-8 SDR track was designed to test how SDR systems perform with a muchTHE THISL SDR SYSTEM AT TREC-8 Dave Abberley (1), Steve Renals (1), Dan Ellis (2) and Tony Robinson of Engineering, University of Cambridge, UK (4) SoftSound, UK Email: d.abberley, s.renals¬° @dcs

Edinburgh, University of

104

Investigations into Tandem Acoustic Modeling for the Aurora Task Dan Ellis & Manuel Reyes Columbia University {dpwe,mjr59}@ee.columbia.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Investigations into Tandem Acoustic Modeling for the Aurora Task Dan Ellis & Manuel Reyes ∑ Columbia University ∑ {dpwe,mjr59}@ee.columbia.edu for Eurospeech Aurora ESE, Aalborg ∑ 2001-08-29 dpwe% reduction in WER on the 1999 Aurora task. ∑ Our baseline result (single PLP feature stream) achieves

Ellis, Dan

105

References on Ball Clay U.S. Geological Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: The American Ceramic Society Bulletin, v. 75, no. 6, June, p. 74-76. ------, 1992, Ball and plastic clay, Metallurgy, and Explorations, Inc., Littleton, P. 255-277. Stentiford, M.J., 1996, Ball clay-demand strong

106

A New Environmentally Friendly AL/ZR-Based Clay Stabilizer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Clay stabilizers are means to prevent fines migration and clay swelling, which are caused by the contact of formation with low salinity or high pH brines at high temperature. Previous clay stabilizers including: Al and Zr compounds and cationic...

El-Monier, Ilham Abdallah

2013-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

107

1 INTRODUCTION Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCLs) are sealing ele-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 INTRODUCTION Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCLs) are sealing ele- ments which contain bentonite: A significant number of studies have been published on the field performance of Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCLs encapsulated between geotextile components. They have been mostly em- ployed to replace clay liners in landfill

Boyer, Edmond

108

Case Study- Hill Air Force Base, Utah  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Energy savings performance contracting at Hill Air Force Base generated much interest during a recent training session on energy management that downlinked 12 Department of Defense sites. Energy systems in 940 buildings on the Base will be upgraded under an 18-year ESPC between the Government and the energy service company, CES/Way. Improvements are distributed over five task orders that will be completed in five years, with CES/Way providing $2.5 million in up-front costs for the first two task orders. Utah Power & Light will provide $8 million in rebates to help cover the contractor's initial investment, maintenance services, and interest costs. The remainder of the costs will be reimbursed from the Government's share of energy savings.

109

Fit to the Bjorken, Ellis-Jaffe and Gross-Llewellyn-Smith sum rules in a renormalon based approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the large order behavior in perturbation theory of the Bjorken, Ellis-Jaffe and Gross-Llewellyn-Smith sum rules. In particular, we consider their first infrared renormalons, for which we obtain their analytic structure with logarithmic accuracy and also an approximate determination of their normalization constant. Estimates of higher order terms of the perturbative series are given. The renormalon subtracted scheme is worked out for these observables and compared with experimental data. Overall, good agreement with experiment is found. This allows us to obtain a-circumflex{sub 0} and some higher-twist nonperturbative constants from experiment: a-circumflex 0.141{+-}0.089; f{sub 3,RS}(1 GeV)=-0.124{sub -0.142}{sup +0.137} GeV{sup 2}.

Campanario, Francisco [Department of Physics, University of Toronto, St. George Street, Toronto, M5S 1A7 (Canada); Pineda, Antonio [Dept. d'Estructura i Constituents de la Materia, U. Barcelona, Diagonal 647, E-08028 Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain)

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Influence of formation clays on the flow of aqueous fluids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most sandstone formations contain clays that can have a significant effect on the flow of aqueous fluids. The clays most frequently detected are smectite, mixed layer, illite, kaolinite, and chlorite. All of these clays are capable of migrating and causing permeability damage when they are contacted by waters foreign to the formation. Normally, these waters alter ionic environments around the clays, which causes the clays to be dislodged from their original positions. Thus, any time clay is present in the rock, it can be assumed that permeability damage can occur. The degree of damage depends upon the concentration and types of clays present, their relative position in the rock, the severity of the ionic environmental change; and fluid velocity. Permeability damage has been minimized in oil and gas wells through the use of potassium and ammonium ions. 15 references.

Hower, W.F.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Geosynthetic clay liners in alkaline environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of geosynthetic clay liners (GCLs) as secondary barrier layers in environmental applications such as landfills and other impoundment facilities is becoming increasingly more popular among the engineering community, particularly at project sites where earthen materials suitable for barrier layers may not be locally available. Design engineers for these environmental applications are becoming well versed at performing equivalency calculations comparing the performance of geosynthetic materials to their earthen counterparts. For barrier layers, these equivalency calculations would normally compare the mechanical and hydraulic properties of the GCL to a compacted clay liner. Of these properties, the ability of the hydraulic properties to withstand degradation due to permeation of contained leachates is of prominent concern. Such is the case in alkaline environments. The leachate may adversely affect the GCL by minimizing swelling, decreasing adsorption capacity and increasing the permeability of the material. If the effect on the material is significant, the usefulness of this product is diminished, possibly voiding any equivalency comparison to compacted clay liner performance. The design engineer must fully understand what effect, if any, specific leachates will have on the GCL being considered. Accordingly, appropriate performance testing with the leachate in question must be performed during the design phase and confirmed during construction through quality assurance testing. This paper will present the design considerations, required laboratory testing and conformance tests for a recent project that contained an alkaline leachate. Through appropriate testing, a contaminant resistant GCL was shown to possess desired hydraulic properties in the presence of the alkaline leachate.

McKelvey, J.A. III [Roy F. Weston, Inc., West Chester, PA (United States)

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Clay mineral reactions in clastic diagenesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Studies of clastic sediments have documented the formation and transformation of clay mineral assemblages during burial diagensis. The transformation of smectite to illite in shale by its reaction with the decomposition products of detrital K-feldspar and mica results in the production of new pore water at depth. The overall reaction mobilizes all the major chemical components in the shale, most of which are consumed in the formation of the diagenetic assemblage illite/smectite + chlorite + quartz. However, part of all the components is undoubtedly transported from the shale to sandstone units and is involved in cementation, replacement, and diagenetic clay mineral formation in these reservoir rocks. In contrast to burial diagenetic reactions in shale, where the sequence is monotonic and reasonably predictable, diagenetic reactions in sandstone are frequently variable. This variability is probably attributable to the fact that sandstones are open systems in which the reactions that proceed are controlled in part by the influx of new pore water, the chemistry of which is determined by an outside source. The useful understanding role of clay minerals in hydrocarbon exploration will follow from a determination of the system shale/sandstone/organic material. We need to tie in the nature and timing of shale mineral reactions and their control on the fluid and mass transfer from shale to sandstone.

Hower, J.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Rock Hill Utilities- Water Heater and Heat Pump Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Through the SmartChoice program, Rock Hill Utilities offers rebates for water heater and heat pump replacements. Information on financing for heat pumps can also be found on the web site listed...

114

Black Hills Energy (Gas)- Residential New Construction Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Black Hills Energy offers new construction rebates for home builders in the eligible service area. Rebates between $800 and $5,000 are available for a range of efficiency measures incorporated into...

115

Farmington Hills Partners With Michigan Saves With Eyes on the...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

the camera via Skype. Better Buildings Residential Network member Farmington Hills, Michigan, held a January kick-off event to announce its plans to launch a host of programs...

116

Town of Chapel Hill- Land-Use Management Ordinance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In 2003, the Town of Chapel Hill adopted a land-use management ordinance that includes prohibitions against neighborhood or homeowners association covenants or other conditions of sale that...

117

Town of Kill Devil Hills- Wind Energy Systems Ordinance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In October 2007, the town of Kill Devil Hills adopted an ordinance to regulate the use of wind-energy systems. The ordinance directs any individual or organization wishing to install a wind-energy...

118

Iodide Sorption to Clays and the Relationship to Surface Charge and Clay Texture - 12356  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Iodine is assumed to behave conservatively in clay barriers around nuclear waste repositories and in natural sediments. Batch experiments tend to show little to no sorption, while in column experiments iodine is often retarded relative to tritiated water. Current surface complexation theory cannot account for negatively charged ion sorption to a negatively charged clay particle. Surface protonation and iodide sorption to clay minerals were examined using surface titrations and batch sorption experiments with a suite of clay minerals. Surface titrations were completed spanning a range of both pH values and ionic strengths. For reference, similar titrations were performed on pure forms of an Al-O powder. The titration curves were deconvoluted to attain the pKa distribution for each material at each ionic strength. The pKa distribution for the Al-O shows two distinct peaks at 4.8 and 7.5, which are invariant with ionic strength. The pKa distribution of clays was highly variable between the different minerals and as a function of ionic strength. Iodide sorption experiments were completed at high solid:solution ratios to exacerbate sorption properties. Palygorskite and kaolinite had the highest amount of iodide sorption and montmorillonite had the least. (authors)

Miller, Andrew; Kruichiak, Jessica; Tellez, Hernesto; Wang, Yifeng [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Experimental plan and construction guidance for Hanford Protective Barrier Test at Hill AFB, Utah  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Permanent isolation surface barriers are needed to fully isolate buried waste materials for long periods of time from the general environment. Multi-layer surface barriers that use natural earthen materials overlying bio-intrusion layers of rock and/or asphalt are expected to reduce infiltration or deep percolation to less than 0.5 mm (0.02 in.) of water. The layering also reduces root penetration, preventing uptake and translocation of hazardous materials to the surface vegetation. The opportunity exists to test the Hanford Barrier in a wetter, colder climate at an existing lysimeter facility located at Hill Air Force Base near Salt Lake, Utah. The use of an existing lysimeter facility simplifies the construction effort and allows comparison of the Hanford Protective Barrier with an existing US Environmental Protection Agency-Resource Conservation and Recovery Act clay cap already undergoing tests at the lysimeter site. This document presents the experimental plan for testing the Hanford Protective Barrier in a wetter, colder climate.

Kirkham, R.R.; Gee, G.W.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc- Energy Smart Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Rebates are available only to Clay Electric Cooperative (CEC) residential members who are making efficiency upgrades to primary residence served by CEC. Rebates are available for residential...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The need to design and construct roadways on highly plastic clays is common in central and eastern Texas, where expansive clays are prevalent. Roadways constructed on highly plastic clay subgrades may be damaged  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The need to design and construct roadways on highly plastic clays is common in central and eastern Texas, where expansive clays are prevalent. Roadways constructed on highly plastic clay subgrades may the infiltration of water into highly plastic clays under an increased gravity field in a centrifuge. Project

Zornberg, Jorge G.

122

Investigations of Near-Field Thermal-Hydrologic-Mechanical-Chemical Models for Radioactive Waste Disposal in Clay/Shale Rock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a jurassic opalinum shale, switzerland. Clays and Clay96 † 1 INTRODUCTION Clay/shale has been considered asand Rupture of Heterogeneous Shale Samples by Using a Non-

Liu, H.H.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

CLAY MINERALS OF THE FRONT RANGE: A FIELD GUIDE TO THE GEOLOGY, HISTORY, AND CLAY MINERALOGY OF THE CHIEFTAIN MINE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.................................................... 71 Appendix I: Clay Minerals Society field trip mileage log ............... 76 #12;FIGURES 1. Line ......................................... 21 7. Robinson Brick Company history ................................... 22 8. Diffractogram showing

124

The washability of lignites for clay removal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the washability research of the Seyitomer Lignites (Kutahya-Turkey), with lower calorific value (1,863 kcal/kg) and high ash content (51.91%), by heavy medium separation, it was found out that middling clay in the coal had an effect to change the medium density. To prevent this problem, a trommel sieve with 18 and 5 mm aperture diameter was designed, and the clay in the coal was tried to be removed using it before the coal was released to heavy medium. Following that, the obtained coal in -100 + 18 mm and -18 + 5 mm fractions was subjected to sink and float test having 1.4 gcm{sup -3} and 1.7 gcm{sup -3} medium densities (-5 mm fraction will be evaluated in a separate work). Depending on the raw coal, with the floating of -100 + 18 mm and -18 + 5 mm size fraction in 1.4 gcm{sup -3} medium density, clean coal with 60.10% combustible matter recovery, 19.12% ash, and 3,150 kcal/kg was obtained. Also floating of the samples sinking in 1.4 gcm{sup -3} in the medium density (1.7 gcm{sup -3}), middling with 18.70% combustible matter recovery, 41.93% ash, 2,150 kcal/kg, and tailing having 78.31% ash were obtained.

Oteyaka, B.; Yamik, A.; Ucar, A.; Sahbaz, O.; Demir, U. [Dumlupinar University, Kutahya (Turkey). Dept. of Mining Engineering

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Clay mineralogy and its effect on physical properties in the Gulf of Mexico northwestern continental slope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The clay mineral composition of sediments deposited in the last six oxygen isotope stages in the Gulf of Mexico continental slope was characterized. Smectite and illite were found to be the two major clay minerals of the clay fraction while...

Berti, Debora

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

126

... FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK ON ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF CLAYS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

... FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK ON ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF CLAYS ALONG THE UPPER TEXAS COAST NI Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center Houston, Texas &II LPI #12;FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK ON ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT.....................................................................................................................................vi Introduction: Environmental Impact of Clays Along the Upper Texas Coast

Rathbun, Julie A.

127

Water in clay-water systems (1) Philip F. LOW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water in clay-water systems (1) Philip F. LOW Department of Agronomy, Purdue University. Agric. Exp. Stn., West Lafayette, IN 47907, U.S.A. SUMMARY The swelling of clay-water systems and the thermodynamic, hydrodynamic and spectroscopic properties of water in these systems are discussed. The swelling

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

128

Characterization of Gulf of Mexico Clay Using Automated Triaxial Testing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of offshore structures. Thus there is a need to study and understand properties of offshore marine clays on slopes. This study was undertaken in order to understand better the characteristics of a sub-marine clay deposit taken from the Gulf of Mexico...

Murali, Madhuri

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

129

Preparation and Properties of Recycled HDPE/Clay Hybrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on recycled high density poly- ethylene (RHDPE) and organic clay were made by melt com- pounding; recycling INTRODUCTION Plastics account for an increasing fraction of municipal solid waste around the worldPreparation and Properties of Recycled HDPE/Clay Hybrids Yong Lei,1 Qinglin Wu,1 Craig M. Clemons2

130

Analysis of Subsidence Data for the Big Hill Site, Texas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The elevation change data measured at the Big Hill SPR site over the last 10 years has been studied and a model utilized to project elevation changes into the future. The subsidence rate at Big Hill is low in comparison with other Strategic Petroleum Reserve sites and has decreased with time due to the maintenance of higher operating pressures and the normal decrease in creep closure rate of caverns with time. However, the subsidence at the site is projected to continue. A model was developed to project subsidence values 20 years into the future; no subsidence related issues are apparent from these projections.

Bauer, Stephen J.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Piecewise Linear Hypersurfaces using the Marching Cubes Jonathan C. Roberts a and Steve Hill b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hill b a University of Kent at Canterbury, Computing Laboratory, Canterbury, England, UK. b Radan steve.hill@uk.radan.com #12; A two dimensional contour on a map, representing a particular height above

Kent, University of

132

Town of Chapel Hill- Worthwhile Investments Save Energy (WISE) Homes and Buildings Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Chapel Hill is using money made available to it from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 to help subsidize energy efficiency improvements in Chapel Hill homes. Qualified homeowners...

133

Fire Clay coal and sandstone washouts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fire Clay coal bed has been studied in a portion of southeastern Kentucky. This seam is easily recognizable by a distinctive flint clay parting. Mine maps, field descriptions, and laboratory investigations were used to investigate this coal bed. Several elongate sandstone bodies cut the seam in the study area. These sandstone bodies are subparallel roughly east-west, and are typically 10[sup 1] to 10[sup 2] m wide, and 10[sup 2] m to tens of kilometers long. These sandstone washouts occur in areas overlain by a larger channel sandstone, which usually is found associated with the thickest areas of the coal seam. In south-central Perry County, a cross section of one washout area was well exposed. North of the washout, a 4 to 7 cm thick cannel coal was present at the base of the sequence. The coal on the north side of the cutout gradually thins from 2 m to 1.5 m away from the washout. On the south side of the washout, the coal thins abruptly from over 1.5 m to 1.25 m within 30 m of the channel. An island of slumped and slickensided coal is present within the washout region. Postdepositional differential compaction of the peat is inferred to be the control on placement of the channel system. The areas of thickest peat compacted the most, creating topographic lows through which the stream moved. The regions of thick coal were probably the result of several controlling factors. Predepositional differential compaction and erosion may have produced relief which influenced peat development. Lithologic and geochemical continuity across the channel is good, supporting postdepositional emplacement of the sandstone bodies.

Andrews, W.M. Jr.; Hower, J.C. (Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Center for Applied Energy Research)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Lithium in Jack Hills zircons: Evidence for extensive weathering of Earth's earliest crust Takayuki Ushikubo a,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lithium in Jack Hills zircons: Evidence for extensive weathering of Earth's earliest crust Takayuki Hills lithium weathering continental crust Hadean In situ Li analyses of 4348 to 3362 Ma detrital of REEs. The Jack Hills zircons also have fractionated lithium isotope ratios (7 Li=-19 to+13) about five

Mcdonough, William F.

135

Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Type #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Pointers are convenient in some cases struct NodeGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. E.g. Buffer overflow problem Particularly troublesome in C as points and array are regarded

Shen, Xipeng

136

Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Semantics (2) #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Contents 7.1 Motivation 7.2 ExpressionGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Ways to express program semantics · Operational semantics: Whatever happens when the program

Shen, Xipeng

137

Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Parser #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Quick Review ­ LL & LR Grammar and Parser · A calculation ­ algorithm for computing the nullable sets #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc

Shen, Xipeng

138

Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Regular Expression and Lexer #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Review * Compiler;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Contents 3.1 Chomsky Hierarchy 3.2 Lexical Analysis 3

Shen, Xipeng

139

Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Lambda Calculus in Further Depth #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Lambda Calculus parameter specify the function body #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. #12;Copyright

Shen, Xipeng

140

Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Semantics #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Contents 7.1 Motivation 7.2 Expression.7 Exception Handling Semantics #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 7.1 Motivation To provide

Shen, Xipeng

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Scope #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 4.1 Syntactic Issues 4.2 Variables 4.3 Scope 4;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Recall that the term binding is an association between

Shen, Xipeng

142

Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Parallel Programming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Parallel Programming in C with MPI and OpenMP Michael J. Quinn #12;Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies;Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Learning

Rodriguez, Noemi

143

Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Lambda Calculus in Further Depth #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Quick Review: Lambda Calculus ­ Syntax ­ Semantics #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. #12;Copyright

Shen, Xipeng

144

Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Grammars (2) Xipeng Shen #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Contents 2.1 Grammars ! 2.5.2 Abstract Syntax Trees #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. BNF Grammar Set of productions

Shen, Xipeng

145

Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Parser #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Recursive Descent Parser (cont.) Outline with an example · Basic coding · Output abstract syntax tree #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc

Shen, Xipeng

146

Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Syntax (4) Xipeng Shen #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Review: Extended BNF (EBNF;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Fig. 2.7 Clite Grammar: Statements Program int main

Shen, Xipeng

147

Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Object Oriented Programming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 13 Object Oriented Programming #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Contents 13.1 Prelude: Abstract Data Types 13.2 The Object Model 13.4 Java #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 13.1 Prelude: Abstract Data Types

Shen, Xipeng

148

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Christopher E. Hill S. Elizabeth Campbell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Christopher E. Hill √° S. Elizabeth Campbell J. Cully Nordby √° John M. Burt √°: +1-206-6853157 S.E. Campbell √° J.C. Nordby √° J.M. Burt √° M.D. Beecher Department of Psychology sharing is correlated with mating success in brown-headed c

Hill, Christopher E.

149

MeteorologicalObservationsin Support of a Hill Cap Cloud Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available Riso National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark July 1998 #12;Abstract Humid air flows form a hill cap this cloud forma- tion to investigate the chemical and physical properties of cloud aerosols by land based

150

Kentucky River Pleasant Hill/ S.R.33 Burgin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lexington U.S.68 S.R.1268 Wilmore S.R. 33 Kentucky River Mt. Zion Church Pleasant Hill/ S.R.33 Lexington on US 68 heading SSW. Drive across the Kentucky River ­ down palisades and up the other side, Mercer Co. Ky The church is located between the Kentucky River and Shaker Village. There is no indoor

Finkel, Raphael

151

Intercalation of Trichloroethene by Sediment-Associated Clay Minerals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this research was to examine the potential for intercalation of trichloroethene (TCE) by clay minerals associated with aquifer sediments. Sediment samples were collected from a field site inTucson, AZ. Two widely used Montmorillonite specimen clays were employed as controls. X-ray diffraction, conducted with a controlled-environment chamber, was used to characterize smectite interlayer dspacing for three treatments (bulk air-dry sample, sample mixed with synthetic groundwater, sample mixed with TCE-saturated synthetic groundwater). The results show that the d-spacing measured for the samples treated with TCE-saturated synthetic groundwater are larger (*26%) than those of the untreated samples for all field samples as well as the specimen clays. These results indicate that TCE was intercalated by the clay minerals, which may have contributed to the extensive elution tailing observed in prior miscible-displacement experiments conducted with this sediment.

Matthieu, Donald E.; Brusseau, Mark; Johnson, G. R.; Artiola, J. L.; Bowden, Mark E.; Curry, J. E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

The mechanical behavior of heavily overconsolidated resedimented Boston Blue Clay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geotechnical engineers encounter some of the most challenging problems in heavily overconsolidated soils. Clays under this condition originated in nature or man-made construction. This thesis investigates the mechanical ...

Vargas Bustamante, Albalyra Geraldine

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Limits of isotropic plastic deformation of Bangkok clay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A model assuming incremental plastic isotropic response has been recently proposed to model the deformation of isotropic packing of grains, in the small-strain range. It is used here on over-consolidated remould clay, to interpret the small-strain range behaviour obtained in [1,2] on Bangkok clay. The data published in [1,2] at constant volume are also used here to measure the size of the domain of validity in the (q/(M'p), p/po) plane, where po is the over-consolidation isotropic pressure, p is the mean stress and q the deviatoric stress, q . So, it is shown that the model works also for clay. This enlarges the application domain of model [3,4] to soft clay with OCR larger than 1.2 to 1.5. Pacs # : 45.70.-n ; 62.20.Fe ; 83.80.Fg, 83.80.Hj

P. Evesque

2005-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

154

Analysis of consolidation around driven piles in overconsolidated clay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The principal objective of this thesis is to assess the capabilities of an already established analytical framework for understanding and predicting the behavior of piles driven in highly overconsolidated clays (OCR24). ...

Niarchos, Dimitrios G

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Platte-Clay Electric Cooperative- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebates  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Platte-Clay Electric Cooperative offers a variety of rebates to residential and commercial customers who wish to upgrade to energy efficient equipment. Newly installed ground source heat pumps are...

156

Quantum Chemistry of CO2 Interaction with Swelling Clays | netl...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Quantum Chemistry of CO2 Interaction with Swelling Clays Sep 2014 Aug 2014 Jul 2014 June 2014 May 2014 Apr 2014 Mar 2014 Feb 2014 Jan 2014 Dec 2013 Nov 2013 Oct 2013 Sep 2013 Aug...

157

Shear strength of reinforced geosynthetic clay liner  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Direct shear tests are conducted to evaluate the internal strength of a reinforced geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) at normal stresses between 3.45 and 69.0 kPa. The polypropylene reinforcement increases the peak internal strength compared to that reported in the literature for unreinforced GCLs; however, the reinforced GCL exhibits a postpeak reduction in strength with displacement due to failure of the reinforcement. Direct shear tests are also conducted to evaluate the interface strength between the reinforced GCL and other geosynthetic materials. Extrusion of bentonite from the GCL into the interfaces is noticed and may reduce the interface strengths. Peak interface strengths between the GCL and a smooth geomembrane or a drainage geocomposite are less than the internal strength at all normal stresses tested. However, the peak interface strength between the GCL and a textured geomembrane is limited by the peak internal strength for normal stresses exceeding 13.8 kPa. Postpeak reductions in strength with displacement occur for this interface at these higher normal stresses due to reinforcement failure.

Gilbert, R.B. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)] [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States); Fernandez, F. [Golder Associates, Inc., Naperville, IL (United States)] [Golder Associates, Inc., Naperville, IL (United States); Horsfield, D.W. [Golder Associates, Ltd., Calgary, Alberta (Canada)] [Golder Associates, Ltd., Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Relationship between the physical and mineralogical properties of two clays and their bloating characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Water Absorbtion of Clay at 22aC and 100 Percent Relative Humidity 3. Chemical Analysis Using Emission Spectrograph 4. Magnetic Properties of Clays and Aggregates 5. Carbon Analysis 6. Compositions of the Mixed Red Clay Samples 11 13 23 28... capacity of some clays. Successful attempts have 3 been made with lignin sulfite liquor and diesel fuel. ((hen the clay structure is destroyed, 11 large amounts of (OH) are released to react with the exchange ions in the clay. Therefore, the clay...

Abbott, Ute Agnes

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Fracturing alliance improves profitability of Lost Hills field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

About 2 billion bbl of oil-in-place are present in the massive diatomite deposits of California's Lost Hills field, about 45 miles north-west of Bakersfield, Calif. Massive hydraulic fracturing treatments, 2,500-3,000 lb of proppant/net perforated ft, are an integral part of developing these reserves. An exclusive fracturing alliance initiated in 1990 between Chevron U.S.A. and Schlumberger Dowell has improved profitability of the Los Hills field. the paper describes the geology, the field before 1987, the 1987--90 period when hydraulic fracturing stimulation was found to be very costly, and after 1990 when the alliance was formed. The paper also describes the fracturing fluid, proppants, engineering evaluation, and execution of the job.

Stewart, M. (Schlumberger Dowell, Bakersfield, CA (United States)); Stewart, D. (Chevron U.S.A. Production Co., Houston, TX (United States)); Gaona, M. (Chevron U.S.A. Production Co., Bakersfield, CA (United States))

1994-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

160

North Druid Hills, Georgia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(Utility Company) Jump to:City)Norristown,BraddockDruid Hills, Georgia: Energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Laguna Hills, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey, Washington: Energy Resources Jump to:Hills, California: Energy Resources

162

Laguna Hills, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey, Washington: Energy Resources Jump to:Hills, California: Energy

163

Lea Hill, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey, Washington:Lakeville, MN)Lauderhill,5. ItLea Hill, Washington: Energy

164

Lexington Hills, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey, Washington:Lakeville,LeightonLeola,Meadow,LevyLexington Hills,

165

Black Hills Power Inc (Montana) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarre BiomassTHIS PAGE ISJump to: navigation,Black Hills

166

Moreland Hills, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte3 Climate ZoneMontrose, Wisconsin:Moreland Hills, Ohio: Energy

167

Penn Hills, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(UtilityCounty,OrleansPassadumkeag, Maine:PawneeASPemiscotPenderPengchengHills,

168

Pleasant Hills, Maryland: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine: EnergyPierceJump81647¬įPleak, Texas: EnergyPleasant Hill

169

Jefferson Hills, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429 Throttled (botOpen6 Climate Zone Subtype A. Registered EnergyJefferson Hills

170

City of Rich Hill, Missouri (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDITOhioOglesby, Illinois (UtilityPortland Place:Radium, KansasRensselaer,Hill,

171

City of Rock Hill, South Carolina (Utility Company) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDITOhioOglesby, Illinois (UtilityPortlandInformation Hill, South Carolina

172

Three dimensional simulation for Big Hill Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR).  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

3-D finite element analyses were performed to evaluate the structural integrity of caverns located at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve's Big Hill site. State-of-art analyses simulated the current site configuration and considered additional caverns. The addition of 5 caverns to account for a full site and a full dome containing 31 caverns were modeled. Operations including both normal and cavern workover pressures and cavern enlargement due to leaching were modeled to account for as many as 5 future oil drawdowns. Under the modeled conditions, caverns were placed very close to the edge of the salt dome. The web of salt separating the caverns and the web of salt between the caverns and edge of the salt dome were reduced due to leaching. The impacts on cavern stability, underground creep closure, surface subsidence and infrastructure, and well integrity were quantified. The analyses included recently derived damage criterion obtained from testing of Big Hill salt cores. The results show that from a structural view point, many additional caverns can be safely added to Big Hill.

Ehgartner, Brian L. (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Park, Byoung Yoon; Sobolik, Steven Ronald (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Lee, Moo Yul (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM)

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Hollow clay tile wall program summary report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many of the Y-12 Plant buildings, constructed during the 1940s and 1950s, consist of steel ed concrete framing infilled with hollow clay tile (HCT). The infill was intended to provide for building enclosure and was not designed to have vertical or lateral load-carrying capacity. During the late 1970s and early 1980s, seismic and wind evaluations were performed on many of these buildings in conjunction with the preparation of a site-wide safety analysis report. This analytical work, based on the best available methodology, considered lateral load-carrying capacity of the HCT infill on the basis of building code allowable shear values. In parallel with the analysis effort, DOE initiated a program to develop natural phenomena capacity and performance criteria for existing buildings, but these criteria did not specify guidelines for determining the lateral force capacity of frames infilled with HCT. The evaluation of infills was, therefore, based on the provisions for the design of unreinforced masonry as outlined in standard masonry codes. When the results of the seismic and wind evaluations were compared with the new criteria, the projected building capacities fell short of the requirements. Apparently, if the buildings were to meet the new criteria, many millions of dollars would be required for building upgrades. Because the upgrade costs were significant, the assumptions and approaches used in the analyses were reevaluated. Four issues were identified: (1) Once the infilled walls cracked, what capacity (nonlinear response), if any, would the walls have to resist earthquake or wind loads applied in the plane of the infill (in-plane)? (2) Would the infilled walls remain within the steel or reinforced concrete framing when subjected to earthquake or high wind loads applied perpendicular to the infill (out-of-plane)? (3) What was the actual shear capacity of the HCT infill? (4) Was modeling the HCT infill as a shear wall the best approach?

Henderson, R.C.; Jones, W.D. [Gilbert/Commonwealth, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Beavers, J.E. [MS Technology, Inc. (United States)

1995-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

174

Constitutive relationships for elastic deformation of clay rock: Data Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geological repositories have been considered a feasible option worldwide for storing high-level nuclear waste. Clay rock is one of the rock types under consideration for such purposes, because of its favorable features to prevent radionuclide transport from the repository. Coupled hydromechanical processes have an important impact on the performance of a clay repository, and establishing constitutive relationships for modeling such processes are essential. In this study, we propose several constitutive relationships for elastic deformation in indurated clay rocks based on three recently developed concepts. First, when applying Hooke's law in clay rocks, true strain (rock volume change divided by the current rock volume), rather than engineering strain (rock volume change divided by unstressed rock volume), should be used, except when the degree of deformation is very small. In the latter case, the two strains will be practically identical. Second, because of its inherent heterogeneity, clay rock can be divided into two parts, a hard part and a soft part, with the hard part subject to a relatively small degree of deformation compared with the soft part. Third, for swelling rock like clay, effective stress needs to be generalized to include an additional term resulting from the swelling process. To evaluate our theoretical development, we analyze uniaxial test data for core samples of Opalinus clay and laboratory measurements of single fractures within macro-cracked Callovo-Oxfordian argillite samples subject to both confinement and water reduced swelling. The results from this evaluation indicate that our constitutive relationships can adequately represent the data and explain the related observations.

Liu, H.H.; Rutqvist, J.; Birkholzer, J.T.

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

175

Geosynthetic Clay Liner applications in waste disposal facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCLs) are becoming a popular alternative to compacted clay barrier layers, and represent the state of the art in waste disposal facility design. They possess many of the same qualities of compacted clay barrier layers while occupying only a small fraction of the airspace. This is a very attractive feature to waste disposal facility owners and operators. There are many manufacturers of GCLs in the marketplace, providing numerous products that can be used in a wide variety of applications. Designing for the constructing with a GCL an be a challenging task; stability issues must be evaluated, selecting the appropriate product should be considered, comprehensive specifications are needed to ensure proper product selection and installation, and steps must be taken during installation to prevent damage to the GCL. Perhaps most importantly, state regulatory agencies must be convinced that GCLs will provide long-term protection equivalent to a clay barrier layer. This paper will discuss design considerations, specification guidelines, installation criteria, construction quality assurance guidelines and regulatory issues pertaining to GCL. The paper will also present three brief case histories of relevant GCL applications in waste disposal facility design and construction. The purpose of the paper is to demonstrate that GCLs are a viable alternative to compacted clay barrier layers and to provide useful information in designing, specifying and installing them in waste disposal facilities.

McGrath, L.T.; Creamer, P.D. [RMT, Inc., Madison, WI (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

176

Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Co., Inc., Hanford Ė Jan 2014  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Evaluation to determine whether CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Co., Inc., Hanford is performing at a level deserving DOE-VPP Star recognition.

177

GEOTHERMAL EXPLORATION ASSESSMENT AND INTERPRETATION, KLAMATH BASIN, OREGON-SWAN LAKE AND KLAMATH HILLS AREA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

survey of the Swan Lake Valley area, Oregon: Geonornicssurvey of the Swan Lake Valley Area, Oregon: GeonomicsKLAMATH BASIN, OREGON SWAN LAKE AND KLAMATH HILLS AREA M.

Stark, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

GEOTHERMAL EXPLORATION ASSESSMENT AND INTERPRETATION, KLAMATH BASIN, OREGON-SWAN LAKE AND KLAMATH HILLS AREA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KLAMATH BASIN, OREGON SWAN LAKE AND KLAMATH HILLS AREA M.survey of the Swan Lake Valley area, Oregon: Geonornicssurvey of the Swan Lake Valley Area, Oregon: Geonomics

Stark, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

GEOTHERMAL EXPLORATION ASSESSMENT AND INTERPRETATION, KLAMATH BASIN, OREGON-SWAN LAKE AND KLAMATH HILLS AREA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KLAMATH BASIN, OREGON SWAN LAKE AND KLAMATH HILLS AREA M.of the Swan Lake-Yonna Valley area, Klamath County, Oregon:

Stark, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Potassium Fixation and Supply by Soils with Mixed Clay Minerals.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

B-1090 December 1969 1 potassium Fixation and Supply By Soils With Misd Clay Minerals I KUS A&M UNIVERSITY Tcrv Agricultural Experiment Station r i 0. Kunkel, Acting Director, College Station, Texas Summary to the plants while Cameron clay... supplied onl!. Studies were made on three agriculturally important me/me of exchangeable K. The capacity of all a soils of South Texas and Northern Mexico to determine soils to fix K increased with increasing remo\\dl i their potassium (K)-supplying power...

Hipp, Billy W.

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Lateral load test of a drilled shaft in clay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LATERAL LOAD TEST OF A DRILLED SHAFT IN CLAY A Thesis by VERNON RAY KASCH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1977 Major Subject...: Civil Engineering LATERAL LOAD TEST OF A DRILLED SHAFT IN CLAY A Thesis by VERNON RAY KASCH Approved as to style and content by: Harry M. Coyle - Ch irman of Committee Charles H. Samson, Jr. Head of Department Wayne . Dunlap - Ne er Christop er C...

Kasch, Vernon R

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Kirtland Hills, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429 Throttled (botOpen6Kentwood,George County isKingstonKirkland,Kirtland Hills,

183

Loess Hills Wind Energy Center | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place:KeystoneSolarListLiveFuels Inc JumpLoess Hills Wind Energy

184

Loess Hills Wind Energy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place:KeystoneSolarListLiveFuels Inc JumpLoess Hills Wind

185

Mars Hill (2006) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay(HeldManhattan,andMars Hill (2006) Wind Farm Jump to:

186

Mars Hill (2007) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay(HeldManhattan,andMars Hill (2006) Wind Farm Jump

187

Clyde Hill, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin: Energy ResourcesInformationWindpowerHill, Washington:

188

Agoura Hills, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende NewSowitecAWS OceanInformationAvoidJumpAgoura Hills,

189

Vine Hill, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov PtyInformation UCOpenVerona,Hampton Place:PlymouthWoodvilleVinalhaven,VineHill,

190

Waite Hill, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov PtyInformationSEDS data Jump to:WabaunseeWadenaWaimalu,WairakeiWaite Hill,

191

Walton Hills, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov PtyInformationSEDS data JumpWakulla County,Wall,|WalthallHills, Ohio: Energy

192

Hickory Hills, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:GreerHi Gtel Jump to: navigation, search Name:HickamHills is a city in

193

Hidden Hills, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:GreerHi Gtel Jump to: navigation, search Name:HickamHills is aHidden

194

Hill Airforce Base Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:GreerHi Gtel Jump to:County, Ohio: EnergyHiles, Wisconsin: EnergyHill

195

Auburn Hills, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 EastMaine: Energy Resources JumpAspen Aerogels05. ItJumpAtraverda Ltd¬įAuburn Hills,

196

Brewster Hill, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBoston Area Solar EnergyBradbury,BraytonOpenBrentwood is aBrewer,Hill,

197

Black Hills Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarre BiomassTHIS PAGE ISJump to: navigation,Black Hills Electric

198

Smoky Hills II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant ofRichardtonManagement,SmartestEnergy Ltd JumpSmoky Hills II

199

Settlers Hill Gas Recovery Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty Ltd Jump to: navigation, search| Open EnergySermatec JumpSestaSettlers Hill Gas

200

Shorewood Hills, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty Ltd Jump to: navigation,Pvt Ltd Jump to:Shenzhen79.Shokan, NewShorewood Hills,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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201

Society Hill, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty Ltd Jump to: navigation,PvtSouthInformation SnohomishHome'sHill, New

202

McGraw Hill Construction | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in AlleghenyMcGraw Hill

203

West Hill, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative Jump to: navigation, search Name: WestDundee isHill, Ohio: Energy

204

West Hills, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative Jump to: navigation, search Name: WestDundee isHill, Ohio:

205

West Lake Hills, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative Jump to: navigation, search Name: WestDundee isHill,Hurley

206

Pleasant Hill, Iowa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine: EnergyPierceJump81647¬įPleak, Texas: EnergyPleasant Hill is a

207

Pleasant Hill, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine: EnergyPierceJump81647¬įPleak, Texas: EnergyPleasant Hill is

208

Cookson Hills Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power Basics (The following text is derivedCoReturnCookson Hills Elec Coop, Inc

209

CH2M Hill Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBoston Areais3: Crystalline Rock - BasementCEPIS JumpCETC SolarCEZM Hill

210

Cimarron Hills, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy InformationLake SouthChroma ATE IncCimarron Hills, Colorado: Energy

211

City of Hill City, Kansas (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy Nebraska (Utility Company) Jump to:Hill City Place: Kansas References:

212

Far Hills, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump37.California: Energy Resources Jump4748456¬į,Fallon NavalFangFar Hills, New

213

Farmington Hills, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump37.California: Energy Resources Jump4748456¬į,FallonBranch,Farmington Hills,

214

Hydraulic Interaction between Geosynthetic Drainage Layers and Unsaturated Low Plasticity Clay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Hydraulic Interaction between Geosynthetic Drainage Layers and Unsaturated Low Plasticity Clay of soil density on the hydraulic interaction between unsaturated, low plasticity clay and geosynthetic drainage layers. The hydraulic interaction was evaluated using the system hydraulic conductivity, moisture

Zornberg, Jorge G.

215

Multiscale micromechanical modeling of the thermal/mechanical properties of polymer/clay nanocomposites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polymer/clay nanocomposites have been observed to exhibit enhanced thermal/mechanical properties at low weight fractions (We) of clay. Continuum-based composite modeling reveals that the enhanced properties are strongly ...

Sheng, Nuo, 1977-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

RIETVELD REFINEMENT OF REAL STRUCTURE PARAMETERS OF DISORDERED CLAY MINERALS IN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-conventional hydrocarbons in Germany) Germany's potential for shale oil and shale gas NIKO seal gas-rich shale shale: sedimentary rock which contains quartz, carbonates and clay minerals #12;clay minerals in shales quartz

Magee, Joseph W.

217

Microwave Pickup on the Crawford Hill 7-meter Jeff McMahon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microwave Pickup on the Crawford Hill 7-meter Telescope Jeff McMahon Project Advisor: Suzanne-Meter Telescope The Crawford Hill 7-meter telescope located at Bell labs in Holmdel, New Jersey is being considered for use in the CapMAP project. This antenna is a 7-meter offset Cassegrain reflector antenna

218

FIRE HISTORY AT THE EASTERN GREAT PLAINS MARGIN, MISSOURI RIVER LOESS HILLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FIRE HISTORY AT THE EASTERN GREAT PLAINS MARGIN, MISSOURI RIVER LOESS HILLS Michael C. Stambaugh-Columbia Columbia, MO 65211 stambaughm@missouri.edu and Daniel C. Dey United States Forest Service, North Central Hills of northwest Missouri. We sampled 33 bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa Michx.), chinkapin oak (Q

Stambaugh, Michael C

219

Extratropical cyclone occlusion Journal: McGraw Hill 2008 Yearbook of Science & Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/yearbook McGraw Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology 2008 #12;ForReview EXTRATROPICAL CYCLONE OCCLUSIONForReview Extratropical cyclone occlusion Journal: McGraw Hill 2008 Yearbook of Science & Technology Manuscript ID: draft Manuscript Type: Yearbook Article Date Submitted by the Author: n/a Complete

Williams, Justin

220

Kinetics of Swelling in Clay-Bearing Stones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

neutrality #12;Invasion of Water Water invades between the sheets The water molecules surround the ions (like salt dissolving) Thus the sheets are pushed apart by the water #12;Brownstone Larger Quartz Grains Clay-wc #12;Reasons... The stone has a lack of homogeneity Each sample varies based upon what part

Petta, Jason

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Occurrence and alteration of clay minerals in the Caribbean Sea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in these sedi- ments. The high angle x-ray diffraction peaks used for the deter- minations (Velde and Hower, 1963; Velde, 1965; Maxwell and Hower, 1967) have little or no intensity in complex clay mixtures. Halloysite 0 Broadening on the low angle side...

Johnson, Charles Michael

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Mixed Waste Management Facility (MWMF) closure, Savannah River Plant: Clay cap test section construction report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains appendices 3 through 6 for the Clay Cap Test Section Construction Report for the Mixed Waste Management Facility (MWMF) closure at the Savannah River Plant. The Clay Cap Test Program was conducted to evaluate the source, lab. permeability, in-situ permeability, and compaction characteristics, representative of kaolin clays from the Aiken, South Carolina vicinity. (KJD)

Not Available

1988-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

223

Epoxy Nanocomposites with Highly Exfoliated Clay: Mechanical Properties and Fracture Mechanisms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Epoxy Nanocomposites with Highly Exfoliated Clay: Mechanical Properties and Fracture Mechanisms Ke; Revised Manuscript Received November 9, 2004 ABSTRACT: Epoxy/clay nanocomposites with a better exfoliated and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It was found that clay was highly exfoliated and uniformly dispersed

George, Steven C.

224

EFFECT OF BENTONITE MIGRATION IN GEOSYNTHETIC CLAY LINERS ON CONTAMINANT TRANSPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 EFFECT OF BENTONITE MIGRATION IN GEOSYNTHETIC CLAY LINERS ON CONTAMINANT TRANSPORT T. D. Stark1.ca.gov ABSTRACT: Since the introduction of geosynthetic clay liners (GCLs) to waste containment facilities, one contaminant transport through a GCL. 1 INTRODUCTION In recent years, geosynthetic clay liners (GCLs

225

Andrew Cotton-Clay Massachusetts Institute of Technology E-mail: acotton@math.berkeley.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Andrew Cotton-Clay Massachusetts Institute of Technology E-mail: acotton: Gromov's Nonsqueezing Theorem · Advisor: Peter Kronheimer Publications · A. Cotton-Clay. A sharp bound on fixed points of area-preserving surface diffeo- morphisms. In preparation. · A. Cotton-Clay. Symplectic

Cotton-Clay, Andrew

226

Suction effects in deep Boom clay block samples Pierre DELAGE 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

located at Mol (Belgium) called Boom clay, in the context of research into deep nuclear waste disposal, a stiff clay from Belgium, in the context of research into deep nuclear waste disposal (SAFIR 2, 2001 of the block sample used. Keywords: Clays, Laboratory tests, Radioactive waste disposal, Sampling, Suction. hal

Boyer, Edmond

227

Dean Brown, Thanks for your kind invitation to contribute stories about the Hofmann Forest and The Hill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and The Hill Forest/Slocum Camp for the evening of April 29, and morning of April 30. I live in an assisted of discharged veterans appeared at the Hill Forest. Most of us had about 1-2 years of college before the call of the faculty in May. Dean Hofmann strongly advised me to attend the Hill Forest Camp before entering classes

Buckel, Jeffrey A.

228

Investigation of the suitability of a geosynthetic clay liner system for the El Paso Solar Pond  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The El Paso Solar Pond Project experienced a complete failure of its XR-5 8130 (SP) membrane liner. This paper will summarize the XR-5 8130 (SP) liner failure analysis, and provide design and installation procedures of its replacement: a geosynthetic clay liner (GCL). This application represents the first use of a GCL in a solar pond. Geosynthetic clay liners offer major advantages over membrane liners. Unlike membrane liners, clay liners are puncture-proof, have predictable permeability, and are self-healing. Furthermore, the cost of clay liners is less than that of membrane liners. However, disagreement exists as to the efficacy of clay liners in solar ponds. The high temperatures and salinity of the pond are factors which cause the most concern. Most information available for clay liners is in conjunction with municipal waste disposal facilities, although compacted clay liners have been used in Israel and Mexico for solar ponds.

Robbins, M.C.; Lu, H.; Swift, A.H.P. Jr. [Univ. of Texas, El Paso, TX (United States). Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Dept.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Stratigraphy and depositional environments of Fox Hills Formation (Late Cretaceous), Williston basin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fox Hills Formation (Late Cretaceous, Maestrichtian) was investigated where it crops out along the southern flank of the Williston basin and in the subsurface over the central portion of the basin, using 300 well logs. The formation is conformable and gradational with the underlying Pierre formation and can be either conformable or unconformable with the overlying Hell Creek Formation. The Fox Hills Formation is younger, thicker, and stratigraphically more complex to the east and is comprised of marginal marine sediments deposited during the final Cretaceous regression. To the west, the Fox Hills Formation is an upward-coarsening unit generally 30 to 45 m thick and usually contains three members: from the base, Trail City, Timber Lake, and Colgate. The lower Fox Hills (Trail City, Timber Lake) is generally dominated by hummocky bedding and contains a variety of trace fossils, most notably Ophiomorpha. The upper Fox Hills (Colgate), where present, is characterized by cross-bedding. To the east, including the type area, the section is generally 80 to 100 m thick and contains four members: from the base, Trail City, Timber Lake, Iron Lightning (Colgate and Bullhead lithofacies), and Linton. In contrast to the section in the west, this section is as much as three times thicker, contains abundant body fossils, generally lacks hummocky bedding, and contains the Bullhead and Linton strata. In the west, the strata represent lower shoreface deposits, predominantly of storm origin (lower Fox Hills), overlain by upper shoreface and fluvial deposits (upper Fox Hills). In the east, the lower Fox Hills contains deposits of the lower shoreface (Trail City) and a barrier bar complex (Timber Lake), overlain by the deltaic deposits of the upper Fox Hills (Iron Lightning, Linton).

Daly, D.J.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Deep ocean clay crusts: behaviour and biological origin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deep ocean clay crusts: behaviour and biological origin Matthew Yih-Han Kuo Kingís College University of Cambridge A dissertation submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy February 2011 To Kirsty, Mum, Dad and Ivana ď. . . observe the small... , the deep Pacific and the Peru Margin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 3.1 Water content and liquid limit measurements taken from box and STACOR core samples confirming measurements by Fugro (also shown). . . . . . . . . . . 23 3...

Kuo, Matthew Yih-Han

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

231

Diagenesis of clay minerals from early Eocene shales of Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

de Segonzac, 1979; Foscolos and Kodama, 1. 974; Hower et. al. , 1976; Perry and Hower, 1970; Weaver and Beck, 1971) noted an increase in illite layers with a concommitant decrease in smectite layers and randomness of interstratification in mixed... is reached. This phase seems to be thermo- dynamically stable to temperatures of at least 163'C (Foscolos and Kodama, 1974; Perry and Hower, 1970). Mixed-layer clays may also be converted to chlorite with increas- ing depth of burial (Dunoyer de Segonzac...

Whynot, John David

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Clay Central Everly School Dist Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreisVolcanic NationalElectric)Clarion-Goldfield SchoolClay

233

Clay-Union Electric Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreisVolcanic NationalElectric)Clarion-GoldfieldClay-Union

234

The Naming, Identification, and Protection of Place in the Loess Hills of the Middle Missouri Valley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tool for field work in physical geography. The only time I have carried a gun with lethal intent was in the Loess Hills of northern Missouri. A coworker and I drove into the hills just south of St. Joseph and walked, on a crisp fall morning, up.... 5 One part of the perceptual story about the Hills is their location. This study will approach that question from two perspectives. It first will offer a traditional analysis using physical data on soil, bedrock, elevation, and slope...

McDermott, David Thomas

2009-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

235

Photocatalytic properties of titania pillared clays by different drying methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photocatalysts based on titania pillared clays (TiO{sub 2} PILCs) have been prepared through a sol-gel method. Different drying methods, air drying (AD), air drying after ethanol extraction (EAD), and supercritical drying (SCD) have been employed and found to have significant effects on the photocatalytic efficiency of the resultant catalysts for the oxidation of phenol in water. Titania pillared clay (TiO{sub 2} PILC) obtained by SCD has the highest external and micropore surface area, largest amount and smallest crystallite size of anatase, and exhibited the highest photocatalytic activity. Furthermore, silica titania pillared clay (SiO{sub 2}-TiO{sub 2} PILC) after SCD, titania coated TiO{sub 2} PILC (SCD) and SiO{sub 2}-TiO{sub 2} PILC (SCD) were synthesized to study the key factors controlling the photocatalytic activity. It is concluded that the dispersion of nanometer-sized anatase on the surface of the PILC particles and the suspensibility of the particles are the most important factors for high photocatalytic efficiency.

Ding, Z.; Zhu, H.Y.; Lu, G.Q.; Greenfield, P.F. [Univ. of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland (Australia). Dept. of Chemical Engineering] [Univ. of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland (Australia). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

The occurrence of clays and their bearing on evaporite mineralogy in the Salado Formation, Delaware Basin, New Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, potassium, and magnesium K-alpha linescans from sample in SEM photograph (thin 'line). The dark area corresponding to the high silicon area is clay. The mineral to the left of the clay is langbefnite, and to the right of the clay is halite. . . . Thin.... Thin sections were made from samples in intervals include potash minerals in clay-rich areas, potash minerals in clay-free areas, clay occurrences in halite/poIyhalite areas, and clay-free occurrences of halite and polyhalite. These thin sections...

Harville, Donald Gene

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

The Prairie Naturalist 46:2133; 2014 Multi-scale Habitat Use of Male Ruffed Grouse in the Black Hills National  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hills National Forest CASSANDRA L. MEHLS1 , KENT C. JENSEN, MARK A. RUMBLE, and MICHAEL C. WIMBERLY) for aspen (Populus tremuloides) in the Black Hills National Forest (Black Hills). Our objective increased stem densities. KEY WORDS aspen, Black Hills National Forest, Bonasa umbellus, display areas

238

The Don-Kay-Clay Cash Foundation The Don-Kay-Clay Cash Foundation was established in 1997 to provide general and operating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Don-Kay-Clay Cash Foundation The Don-Kay-Clay Cash Foundation was established in 1997. He is currently a cattle rancher and President of the family foundation. In the past, he held other, and the Texas Tech University Foundation. Kay received her degree in Education from Texas Tech in 1967

Rock, Chris

239

Intern experience at CH?M Hill, Inc.: an internship report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A review of the author's internship experience with CH?M HILL, Inc. during the period September 1975 through May 1976 is presented. During this nine month internship the author worked as an Engineer II in the Industrial Processes...

Winter, William John, 1949-

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

240

Rock-Water Interactions in the Fenton Hill, New Mexico, Hot Dry...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Rock-Water Interactions in the Fenton Hill, New Mexico, Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Systems I. Fluid...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Rock-Water Interactions in the Fenton Hill, New Mexico, Hot Dry...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Rock-Water Interactions in the Fenton Hill, New Mexico, Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Systems II....

242

Restructuring the urban neighborhood : the dialogue between image and ideology in Phoenix Hill, Louisville, Kentucky  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis addresses the problems of restructuring the urban neighborhood as specifically applied to the Phoenix Hill community in Louisville, Kentucky. Theory and concepts are briefly presented as a basis for design ...

Isaacs, Mark Andrew

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

SEP Success Story: Turkey Hill Dairy: Where Energy is Not Left...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Flapping in the Wind December 21, 2011 - 11:57am Addthis These two General Electric wind turbines, erected in January 2011 on the Frey Farm landfill adjacent to Turkey Hill Dairy's...

244

ICFT- An Initial Closed-Loop Flow Test of the Fenton Hill Phase...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ICFT- An Initial Closed-Loop Flow Test of the Fenton Hill Phase II HDR Reservoir Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: ICFT- An Initial...

245

Constraints on the Age of Heating at the Fenton Hill Site, Valles...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Constraints on the Age of Heating at the Fenton Hill Site, Valles Caldera, New Mexico Abstract Subsurface samples and...

246

Case Study Walnut Hill United Methodist Church - Dallas, Texas, Chiller Replacement Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In March of 1992 Walnut Hill United Methodist Church in Dallas, Tx. decided that their existing thermal storage and electric reciprocating chiller system were both in need of replacement. After analyzing several options, they chose to install 150...

Phillips, J.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Traditionally Protected Forestsī Role within Transforming Natural Resource Management Regimes in Taita Hills, Kenya.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In Taita Hills, south-eastern Kenya, remnants of indigenous mountain rainforests play a crucial role as water towers and socio-cultural sites. They are pressurized due toÖ (more)

Himberg, Nina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

EIS-0266: Glass Mountain/Four Mile Hill Geothermal Project, California  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The EIS analyzes BPA's proposed action to approve the Transmission Services Agreements (TSAs) and Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) with Calpine Siskiyou Geothermal Partners, L.P. (Calpine) to acquire output from the Fourmile Hill Geothermal Development Project (Project).

249

NORTH HILL CREEK 3-D SEISMIC EXPLORATION PROJECT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind River Resources Corporation (WRRC) received a DOE grant in support of its proposal to acquire, process and interpret fifteen square miles of high-quality 3-D seismic data on non-allotted trust lands of the Uintah and Ouray (Ute) Indian Reservation, northeastern Utah, in 2000. Subsequent to receiving notice that its proposal would be funded, WRRC was able to add ten square miles of adjacent state and federal mineral acreage underlying tribal surface lands by arrangement with the operator of the Flat Rock Field. The twenty-five square mile 3-D seismic survey was conducted during the fall of 2000. The data were processed through the winter of 2000-2001, and initial interpretation took place during the spring of 2001. The initial interpretation identified multiple attractive drilling prospects, two of which were staked and permitted during the summer of 2001. The two initial wells were drilled in September and October of 2001. A deeper test was drilled in June of 2002. Subsequently a ten-well deep drilling evaluation program was conducted from October of 2002 through March 2004. The present report discusses the background of the project; design and execution of the 3-D seismic survey; processing and interpretation of the data; and drilling, completion and production results of a sample of the wells drilled on the basis of the interpreted survey. Fifteen wells have been drilled to test targets identified on the North Hill Creek 3-D Seismic Survey. None of these wildcat exploratory wells has been a dry hole, and several are among the best gas producers in Utah. The quality of the data produced by this first significant exploratory 3-D survey in the Uinta Basin has encouraged other operators to employ this technology. At least two additional 3-D seismic surveys have been completed in the vicinity of the North Hill Creek Survey, and five additional surveys are being planned for the 2004 field season. This project was successful in finding commercial oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids production on a remote part of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation. Much of the natural gas and natural gas liquids are being produced from the Wingate Formation, which to our knowledge has never produced commercially anywhere. Another large percentage of the natural gas is being produced from the Entrada Formation which has not previously produced in this part of the Uinta Basin. In all, at least nine geologic formations are contributing hydrocarbons to these wells. This survey has clearly established the fact that high-quality data can be obtained in this area, despite the known obstacles.

Marc T. Eckels; David H. Suek; Denise H. Harrison; Paul J. Harrison

2004-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

250

Peer Review of the Hot Dry Rock Project at Fenton Hill, New Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report briefly describes the history of the hot dry rock experiment project conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy and Los Alamos National Laboratory at Fenton Hill, New Mexico, from about 1971 through 1995. The authors identify the primary lessons learned and techniques developed during the course of the Fenton Hill project, and summarize the extent to which these technologies have been transferred to the U.S. geothermal industry.

None

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Geothermal exploration program, Hill Air Force Base, Davis and Weber Counties, Utah  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results obtained from a program designed to locate a low- or moderate-temperature geothermal resource that might exist beneath Hill Air Force Base (AFB), Ogden, Utah are discussed. A phased exploration program was conducted at Hill AFB. Published geological, geochemical, and geophysical reports on the area were examined, regional exploration was conducted, and two thermal gradient holes were drilled. This program demonstrated that thermal waters are not present in the shallow subsurface at this site. (MHR)

Glenn, W.E.; Chapman, D.S.; Foley, D.; Capuano, R.M.; Cole, D.; Sibbett, B.; Ward, S.H.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

West Short Pine Hills field, Harding County, South Dakota  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The West Short Pine Hills field is a shallow gas field that produces from the Shannon Sandstone Member, on the Camp Crook anticline in southwestern Harding County, South Dakota. The Alma McCutchin 1-17 Heikkila discovery was drilled in the NW1/4, Sec. 17, T16N, R2E, to a depth of 1600 ft and completed in October 1977 for 600 MCFGD from perforations at 1405-1411 ft. To date, 40 gas wells have been completed with total estimated reserves of more than 20 bcf. The field encompasses 12,000 ac, with a current drill-site spacing unit of 160 ac. The field boundaries are fairly well defined, except on the south edge of the field. The wells range in depth from 1250 to 2200 ft, and cost $60,000-$85,000 to drill and complete. Core and log analyses indicate that the field has 70 ft of net pay, with average porosity of 30% and average permeability of 114 md. Most wells have been completed with nitrogen-sand frac. Williston Basin Interstate Pipeline Company of Bismarck, North Dakota, operates a compressor station and 2.5 mi of 4-in. line that connects the field to their 160 in. north-south transmission line to the Rapid City area. Currently, producers are netting $1.10-$1.25/million Btu. The late Mathew T. Biggs of Casper, Wyoming, was the geologist responsible for mapping and finding this gas deposit.

Strothman, B.

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Evaluation of Used Fuel Disposition in Clay-Bearing Rock  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radioactive waste disposal in shale/argillite rock formations has been widely considered given its desirable isolation properties (low permeability), geochemically reduced conditions, anomalous groundwater pressures, and widespread geologic occurrence. Clay/shale rock formations are characterized by their high content of clay minerals such as smectites and illites where diffusive transport and chemisorption phenomena predominate. These, in addition to low permeability, are key attributes of shale to impede radionuclide mobility. Shale host-media has been comprehensively studied in international nuclear waste repository programs as part of underground research laboratories (URLs) programs in Switzerland, France, Belgium, and Japan. These investigations, in some cases a decade or more long, have produced a large but fundamental body of information spanning from site characterization data (geological, hydrogeological, geochemical, geomechanical) to controlled experiments on the engineered barrier system (EBS) (barrier clay and seals materials). Evaluation of nuclear waste disposal in shale formations in the USA was conducted in the late 70ís and mid 80ís. Most of these studies evaluated the potential for shale to host a nuclear waste repository but not at the programmatic level of URLs in international repository programs. This report covers various R&D work and capabilities relevant to disposal of heat-generating nuclear waste in shale/argillite media. Integration and cross-fertilization of these capabilities will be utilized in the development and implementation of the shale/argillite reference case planned for FY15. Disposal R&D activities under the UFDC in the past few years have produced state-of-the-art modeling capabilities for coupled Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical-Chemical (THMC), used fuel degradation (source term), and thermodynamic modeling and database development to evaluate generic disposal concepts. The THMC models have been developed for shale repository leveraging in large part on the information garnered in URLs and laboratory data to test and demonstrate model prediction capability and to accurately represent behavior of the EBS and the natural (barrier) system (NS). In addition, experimental work to improve our understanding of clay barrier interactions and TM couplings at high temperatures are key to evaluate thermal effects as a result of relatively high heat loads from waste and the extent of sacrificial zones in the EBS. To assess the latter, experiments and modeling approaches have provided important information on the stability and fate of barrier materials under high heat loads. This information is central to the assessment of thermal limits and the implementation of the reference case when constraining EBS properties and the repository layout (e.g., waste package and drift spacing). This report is comprised of various parts, each one describing various R&D activities applicable to shale/argillite media. For example, progress made on modeling and experimental approaches to analyze physical and chemical interactions affecting clay in the EBS, NS, and used nuclear fuel (source term) in support of R&D objectives. It also describes the development of a reference case for shale/argillite media. The accomplishments of these activities are summarized as follows: ? Development of a reference case for shale/argillite; ? Investigation of Reactive Transport and Coupled THM Processes in EBS: FY14; ? Update on Experimental Activities on Buffer/Backfill Interactions at elevated Pressure and Temperature; ? Thermodynamic Database Development: Evaluation Strategy, Modeling Tools, First-Principles Modeling of Clay, and Sorption Database Assessment; ? ANL Mixed Potential Model For Used Fuel Degradation: Application to Argillite and Crystalline Rock Environments.

Carlos F. Jovť Colůn; Philippe F. Weck; David H. Sassani; Liange Zheng; Jonny Rutqvist; Carl I. Steefel; Kunhwi Kim; Seiji Nakagawa; James Houseworth; Jens Birkholzer; Florie A. Caporuscio; Michael Cheshire; Michael S. Rearick; Mary K. McCarney; Mavrik Zavarin; Ana Benedicto; Annie B. Kersting; Mark Sutton; James Jerden; Kurt E. Frey; Jacqueline M. Copple; William Ebert

2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

254

Low Density Materials through Freeze-Drying:Clay Aerogels and BeyondÖ.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Clay aerogels and other ice templated materials belong to a family of materials with properties similar to those of conventionally foamed polymers including low density,Ö (more)

Gawryla, Matthew Daniel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Coupled hydro-mechanical processes in crytalline rock and in induratedand plastic clays: A comparative discussion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Term HM Measurements around HADES URF, Proceedings of EUROCKThe extension of the HADES Underground Research facility atin a plastic clay formation: The HADES underground research

Tsang, Chin-Fu; Blumling, Peter; Bernier, Frederic

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Arrested state of clay-water suspensions: gel or glass?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aging of a charged colloidal system has been studied by Small Angle X-rays Scattering, in the exchanged momentum range Q=0.03 - 5 nm-1, and by Dynamic Light Scattering, at different clay concentrations (Cw =0.6 % - 2.8 %). The static structure factor, S(Q), has been determined as a function of both aging time and concentration. This is the first direct experimental evidence of the existence and evolution with aging time of two different arrested states in a single system simply obtained only by changing its volume fraction: an inhomogeneous state is reached at low concentrations, while a homogenous one is found at high concentrations.

B. Ruzicka; L. Zulian; R. Angelini; M. Sztucki; A. Moussaid; G. Ruocco

2008-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

257

Model of crack propagation in a clay soil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of independent variables for maximum R to determine A for crack de th, 2 Number of variables in model (p) R Variables in model 0. 703913 0. 916176 0. 988151 0. 997207 0. 999328 H*CLrH*M~CL H, H*M, H~M*CL H, CL, H*M, H*M*CL H, CL, H"M, H*CL, H...: Agricultural Engineering MODEL OF CRACK PROPAGATION IN A CLAY SOIL A Thesis by PATRICK EDWIDGE CARRIERE Approved as to style and content by: John L. Nieber (Chairman of Committee) Donald L. Reddell (Member) Kirk W, Brown (Member ) Wilbert H...

Carriere, Patrick Edwidge

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

258

Influence of loading rate on axially loaded piles in clay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Coyle (Member) ave u ofs (Member) . Hsrsc (Head of Department) May 1984 ABSTRACT Influence of Loading Rate on Axially Loaded Piles in Clay. (May 1984) Enrique Eduardo Garland Ponce, B. S. , Texas A8M University Chairman of Committee: Dr. Jean... and support during all phases of this study. The author also wishes to acknowledge Drs. Harry M. Coyle and David Dubofski who served as members of the advisory committee. Special notes of gratitude to Dr . Wayne A. Dunlap for his aid in the design...

Garland Ponce, Enrique Eduardo

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Chemical, mineralogical and physical properties of the San Saba Clay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? San Saba an4 Victoria Clay s 1 ST SOS UCT I OS Ssseawh 4oslgsed to stagy ihe basks pwperikes of ihe sells of ihe Oread Prakrle ef oeniral Tense ls generally Laehkng Consegaontly, there ls lktile soil data aeaklablo fer reselvkng ~ageaesi as4 fer..., Slash are deeply appreelaisd, Maap ihashs also are das io Xa ~ Earrep Qehos~ Senior Corrolaior~ Sell Cessor@a ilos Serrfoo~ sho located ihe ssapllsS elise asd also edNed iho profile de earl pilose. TABLE (~ QOSTXSTS ISTBDDUGTIES Li TXS4TUDZ BKV IX...

Nelson, Larry Alan

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Clay County, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin: Energy Resources Jump to:Clawson, Michigan: Energy27.Clay

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Updating Interconnection Screens for PV System Integration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Abraham Ellis, Roger Hill Sandia National Laboratories Tom Key, Kristen Nicole, Jeff Smith Electric Power Research Institute Updating Interconnection Screens for PV System...

262

The Mars Hill Terrane: An enigmatic southern Appalachian terrane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Mars Hill Terrane (MHT) in the Appalachian Blue Ride Belt is bordered by complex, locally reactivated thrust and strike-slip faults. On the east, the MHT is bounded by the allochthonous, ensimatic Toe Terrane (TT) across the diachronous, ductile Holland Mountain-Soque River Fault System. The MHT is separated on the northwest from ensialic Laurentian basement (LB), by the Fries-Hayesville Fault System. On the south, the MHT is truncated by the Shope Fork Fault. The MHT is characterized by migmatitic biotite-pyroxene-hornblende gneiss, but contains 1--1.8 b.y. old quartz-feldspar gneisses, plus ultramafic rocks, calc-silicate rocks, mica schists and gneisses, and Neoproterozoic Bakersville gabbros. This rock assemblage contrasts with that of the adjoining terranes. The only correlative units between the MHT and adjoining terranes are Neoproterozoic gabbro, Ordovician-Devonian granitoid plutons, and ultramafic rocks. Gabbro links the MHT with LB rocks. Apparently similar calc-silicate rocks differ petrographically among terranes. During Taconic or Acadian events, both the TT and MHT reached amphibolite to granulite metamorphic grade, but the LB did not exceed greenschist grade. The data conflict. The O-D plutons, ultramafic rocks, and metamorphic histories suggest that the TT had docked with the MHT by Ordovician time. The premetamorphic character of the Holland Mtn.-Soque River Fault System supports that chronology. Neoproterozoic gabbros suggest a MHT-LB link by Cambrian time, but the LB experienced neither O-D plutonism nor Paleozoic amphibolite-granulite facies metamorphism.

Raymond, L.A.; Johnson, P.A. (Appalachian State Univ., Boone, NC (United States). Dept. of Geology)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Field Performance of Three Compacted Clay Landfill Covers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study was conducted at sites in subtropical Georgia, seasonal and humid Iowa, and arid southeastern California to evaluate the field hydrology of compacted clay covers for final closure of landfills.Water balance of the covers was monitored with large (10 by 20 m), instrumented drainage lysimeters for 2 to 4 yr. Initial drainage at the Iowa and California sites was ,32 mm yr21 (i.e., unit gradient flow for a hydraulic conductivity of 1027 cm s21, the regulatory standard for the clay barriers in this study); initial drainage rate at the Georgia site was about 80 mm yr21. The drainage rate at all sites increased by factors ranging from 100 to 750 during the monitoring periods and in each case the drainage rate exceeded 32 mm yr21 by the end of the monitoring period. The drainage rates developed a rapid response to precipitation events, suggesting that increases in drainage rate were the result of preferential flow. Although no direct observations of preferential flow paths were made, field measurements of water content and temperature at all three sites suggested that desiccation or freezeĖthaw cycling probably resulted in formation of preferential flow paths through the barrier layers. Data from all three sites showed the effectiveness of all three covers as hydraulic barriers diminished during the 2 to 4 yr monitoring period, which was short compared with the required design life (often 30 yr) of most waste containment facilities.

Albright, William H.; Benson, Craig H.; Gee, Glendon W.; Abichou, Tarek; Tyler, Scott W.; Rock, Steven

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Dechlorination of Pentachlorophenol by ammonium amended clays: development of field applicable techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P, CqP, CtP. 14 CB JECTIVE The objective of this research was to develop a field pracfical method to use ammoniated clays for dechlorination of PCP. To do this, techniques need to be developed to process the anunonium-treated clay into water stable...

Lu, Junying

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Change in the hydraulic properties of a Brazilian clay Ferralsol on clearing for pasture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Change in the hydraulic properties of a Brazilian clay Ferralsol on clearing for pasture L. C 80 to 300 m in size. The aim of this study was to analyze how the hydraulic properties of a clay retention properties were determined by using pressure cell equipment. We determined the saturated hydraulic

Boyer, Edmond

266

Fibrous-clay mineral formation and soil evolution in Aridisols of northeastern Patagonia, Argentina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fibrous-clay mineral formation and soil evolution in Aridisols of northeastern Patagonia, Argentina Patagónico, CONICET, Avd. Brown s/n, 9120, Puerto Madryn, Chubut, Argentina b Departamento de Edafología, EPS horizons; Chubut province of Argentina 1. Introduction Palygorskite and sepiolite are clay minerals

Ahmad, Sajjad

267

Evacuated Panels Utilizing Clay-Polymer Aerogel Composites for Improved Housing Insulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evacuated Panels Utilizing Clay-Polymer Aerogel Composites for Improved Housing Insulation March 17 encompasses a newly developed clay-polymer aerogel composite material (developed and patented by Dr. David Aerogel ~22 > 2,500 Silica Aerogel Blanket 10 1,800 (Aspen Aerogel) Silica Aerogel / PP Evacuated Panel 50

Rollins, Andrew M.

268

Probing the Interface of Microscopic Clay Particles in Aqueous Solution by Second Harmonic Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of catechol (OHC6H4- OH), adsorbed onto the surface of titanium dioxide micropar- ticles in aqueous solution adsorption and the electrostatic properties of clay particles. 1. Introduction The abundance in nature and the unique adsorptive and catalytic properties of clay particles make them a subject of fundamental

Eisenthal, Kenneth B.

269

Study on the hydraulic conductivity of Boom clay1 Yong-Feng Deng1, 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Transportation College,5 Nanjing, China6 2 Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, Navier/CERMES, Marne-la-Vallée, France7 3 Introduction1 Boom clay is a thick deposit of over-consolidated marine clay, of Oligocene age. It can be2 found for its performance assessment for the deep geological disposal of4 high-level radioactive waste. Recently

Boyer, Edmond

270

1 INTRODUCTION Geosynthetic clay liners (GCLs) with geomembranes (GMs) placed on slopes as part of composite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

143 1 INTRODUCTION Geosynthetic clay liners (GCLs) with geomembranes (GMs) placed on slopes as part and interface shear strength of geosynthetic clay liners J.G. ZORNBERG The University of Texas at Austin, Austin of composite liner systems may be subject to a complex, time-dependent state of stresses. Stability is a major

Zornberg, Jorge G.

271

Derivation, Parameterization and Validation of a Sandy-Clay Material Model for Use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for sand-based soils with different saturation levels and clay and gravel contents was recently proposed and validated in our study, and the same has been extended in this study to include clay-based soils with landmine detonation and interaction between detonation products, mine fragments, and soil ejecta

Grujicic, Mica

272

E-Print Network 3.0 - artificial fly ash-clay Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fly ash-clay Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Study of composite cement containing burned oil shale Summary: studied. Context SiO2 CaO Al2O3 OPC BFS Class C fly ash Clays Metakaolin...

273

Conversion of the Big Hill geological site characterization report to a three-dimensional model.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Big Hill salt dome, located in southeastern Texas, is home to one of four underground oil-storage facilities managed by the U. S. Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) Program. Sandia National Laboratories, as the geotechnical advisor to the SPR, conducts site-characterization investigations and other longer-term geotechnical and engineering studies in support of the program. This report describes the conversion of two-dimensional geologic interpretations of the Big Hill site into three-dimensional geologic models. The new models include the geometry of the salt dome, the surrounding sedimentary units, mapped faults, and the 14 oil storage caverns at the site. This work provides a realistic and internally consistent geologic model of the Big Hill site that can be used in support of future work.

Stein, Joshua S.; Rautman, Christopher Arthur

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) geological site characterization report, Big Hill Salt Dome  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geological and geophysical analyses of the Big Hill Salt Dome were performed to determine the suitability of this site for use in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). Development of 140 million barrels (MMB) of storage capacity in the Big Hill Salt Dome is planned as part of the SPR expansion to achieve 750 MMB of storage capacity. Objectives of the study were to: (1) Acquire, evaluate, and interpret existing data pertinent to geological characterization of the Big Hill Dome; (2) Characterize the surface and near-surface geology and hydrology; (3) Characterize the geology and hydrology of the overlying cap rock; (4) Define the geometry and geology of the dome; (5) Determine the feasibility of locating and constructing 14 10-MMB storage caverns in the south portion of the dome; and (6) Assess the effects of natural hazards on the SPR site. Recommendations are included. (DMC)

Hart, R.J.; Ortiz, T.S.; Magorian, T.R.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

U.S. strategic petroleum reserve Big Hill 114 leak analysis 2012.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report addresses recent well integrity issues related to cavern 114 at the Big Hill Strategic Petroleum Reserve site. DM Petroleum Operations, M&O contractor for the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve, recognized an apparent leak in Big Hill cavern well 114A in late summer, 2012, and provided written notice to the State of Texas as required by law. DM has since isolated the leak in well A with a temporary plug, and is planning on remediating both 114 A- and B-wells with liners. In this report Sandia provides an analysis of the apparent leak that includes: (i) estimated leak volume, (ii) recommendation for operating pressure to maintain in the cavern between temporary and permanent fixes for the well integrity issues, and (iii) identification of other caverns or wells at Big Hill that should be monitored closely in light of the sequence of failures there in the last several years.

Lord, David L.; Roberts, Barry L.; Lord, Anna C. Snider; Sobolik, Steven Ronald; Park, Byoung Yoon; Rudeen, David Keith [GRAM, Inc., Albuquerque, NM

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Lanthanides-clay nanocomposites: Synthesis, characterization and optical properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Complexes of Europium(III) and Terbium(III) with 2,2-bipyridine and 1,10-phenanthroline were inserted into Na-bentonite by ion exchange reactions at room temperature. The products display interlaminar distances and stoichiometries in agreement with the ion exchange capacity and the interlayer space available in the clay. The optical properties of the intercalates, being qualitatively similar to those of the free complexes, are additionally improved with respect to exchange processes with the medium, especially in a moist environment. The protection again hydrolysis, together with the intensity of the optical transition {sup 5}D{sub 0}-{sup 5}F{sub 2} observed in the nanocomposite, makes these products promising for the development of novel optical materials.

Celedon, Salvador; Quiroz, Carolina [Universidad Tecnologica Metropolitana, Department of Chemistry, P.O. Box 9845, Santiago (Chile); Gonzalez, Guillermo [Universidad de Chile, Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, P.O. Box 653, Santiago (Chile); Sotomayor Torres, Clivia M. [University College Cork, Tyndall National Institute, Lee Maltings, Cork (Ireland); Catalan Institute of Nanotechnology, Campus de Bellaterra, Edifici CM3, ES 08193, Institute of Research and Advanced Studies ICREA, 08010 Barcelona (Spain); Benavente, Eglantina [Universidad Tecnologica Metropolitana, Department of Chemistry, P.O. Box 9845, Santiago (Chile)], E-mail: ebenaven@utem.cl

2009-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

277

Slope stability of geosynthetic clay liner test plots  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fourteen full-scale field test plots containing five types of geosynthetic clay liners (GCLs) were constructed on 2H:1V and 3H:1V slopes for the purpose of assessing slope stability. The test plots were designed to simulate typical final cover systems for landfills. Slides occurred in two of the 2H:1V test plots along interfaces between textured geomembranes and the woven geotextile components of internally reinforced GCLs. One additional slide occurred within the unreinforced GCL component of a 2H:1V test plot, when the GCL unexpectedly became hydrated. All 3H:1V slopes have remained stable. Results of laboratory direct shear tests compared favorably with field observations, providing support for the current design procedures that engineers are using for assessing the stability of slopes containing GCLs.

Daniel, D.E. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States); Koerner, R.M. [Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States). Geosynthetic Research Inst.; Bonaparte, R. [GeoSyntec Consultants, Atlanta, GA (United States); Landreth, R.E. [Landreth, (Robert E.), West Chester, OH (United States); Carson, D.A. [Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Scranton, H.B. [Haley and Aldrich, Boston, MA (United States)

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Installation of geosynthetic clay liners at California MSW landfills  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The California regulations for liner systems at municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills require that alternatives to the prescriptive federal Subtitle D liner system have a containment capability greater than that of the prescriptive system. Regulators may also require a demonstration that use of the prescriptive system is burdensome prior to approval of an alternative liner design. This paper presents seven case histories of the design and installation of geosynthetic clay liners (GCL) as an alternative to the low-permeability soil component of the prescriptive Subtitle D composite liner system at MSW landfills in California. These case histories cover GCLs from different manufacturers and landfill sites with a wide range of conditions including canyon landfills with slopes as steep as 1H:1V.

Snow, M.; Jesionek, K.S.; Dunn, R.J.; Kavazanjian, E. Jr.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Stratigraphy and depositional environments of Fox Hills Formation in Williston basin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fox Hills Formation (Maestrichtian), representing part of a regressive wedge deposited during the withdrawal of the sea from the Western Interior at the close of the Cretaceous, consists of marginal marine strata transitional between the offshore deposits of the underlying Pierre Shale and the terrestrial deltaic and coastal deposits of the overlying Hell Creek Formation. An investigation of outcrops of the Fox Hills Formation along the western and southern flanks of the Williston basin and study of over 300 oil and gas well logs from the central part of the basin indicate that the formation can be divided both stratigraphically and areally. Stratigraphically, the Fox Hills can be divided into lower and upper sequences; the lower includes the Trail City and Timber Lake Members, and the upper sequence includes the Colgate Member in the west and the Iron Lightning and Linton Members in the east. Areally, the formation can be divided into a northeastern and western part, where the strata are 30-45 m thick and are dominated by the lower sequence, and into a southeastern area where both the lower and upper sequences are well developed in a section 80-130 m thick. Typically, the lower Fox Hills consists of upward-coarsening shoreface or delta-front sequences containing hummocky bedding and a limited suite of trace fossils, most notably Ophiomorpha. In the southeast, however, these strata are dominated by bar complexes, oriented northeast-southwest, composed of cross-bedded medium to very fine-grained sand with abundant trace and body fossils. The upper Fox Hills represents a variety of shoreface, deltaic, and channel environments. The strata of the Fox Hills Formation exhibit facies similar to those reported for Upper Cretaceous gas reservoirs in the northern Great Plains.

Daly, D.J.

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Effect of Specimen Conditioning on Geosynthetic Clay Liner Shear J.S. McCartney & J.G. Zornberg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

635 Effect of Specimen Conditioning on Geosynthetic Clay Liner Shear Strength J.S. McCartney & J of geosynthetic clay liners (GCLs) must replicate field conditions while still accounting for time and cost to conditioning. 1 INTRODUCTION Geosynthetic clay liners (GCLs) are prefabricated geocomposite materials used

Zornberg, Jorge G.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

MULTISCALE RESOURCE SELECTION OF RUFFED GROUSE IN THE BLACK HILLS NATIONAL FOREST OF SOUTH DAKOTA AND WYOMING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MULTISCALE RESOURCE SELECTION OF RUFFED GROUSE IN THE BLACK HILLS NATIONAL FOREST OF SOUTH DAKOTA) in the Black Hills National Forest (BHNF). Due to this status the U.S. Forest Service and the South Dakota and Parks, United States Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station, South Dakota State University

282

Effect of aging of the pillaring reagent on the microstructure and cracking activity of pillared clay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pillared interlayer clay (PILC) is formed by exchanging large hydroxyaluminum polycations into the interlayer of a smectite clay such as montmorillonite, which is made up of sheet-like silica/alumina layers. Calcination of the exchanged clay gives a well dispersed array of metal oxide clumps (i.e., pillars) bonded top and bottom to the silica/alumina layers of the clay. The permanent separation of the clay layers gives an 8 to 10-fold increase in surface area, from 30 to 250-300 m{sup 2}/g, and a microporous structure similar to but less constrained than that of zeolites. Recently, there has been an increased interest in the use of these clays as cracking catalysts. For example, pillared clays have been shown to be an active cracking catalyst for both single component and gas oil feeds. PILC's also lead to both higher light cycle oil (LCO) and coke yields than conventional cracking catalysts. Commercially available, metal-hydrolyzed hydroxyaluminum solutions containing chlorhydrol, A1{sub 2}(OH){sub 5}C1.2H{sub 2}O, have been used as one source of the polycation solution. The approach of these hydrolyzed polycation solutions to equilibrium is known as aging. During the aging process certain polycationic species disappear from the solution and new species are formed. For this reason, the aging process can have a significant influence on the properties of the pillared clays. The objective of this work was to determine how the physical and catalytic properties of the pillared clay depend on the aging of dilute cholorhydrol solutions.

Harris, J.R. (Phillips Petroleum Company, Bartlesville, OK (USA))

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Stable isotope analyses of tooth enamel carbonate of large herbivores from the Tugen1 Hills deposits: palaeoenvironmental context of the earliest Kenyan hominids2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Stable isotope analyses of tooth enamel carbonate of large herbivores from the Tugen1 Hills the Tugen Hills12 13 Keywords: stable isotopes, tooth enamel, Tugen Hills, Neogene, large herbivores that the earliest Kenyan hominids, including Orrorin tugenensis, are associated with forest21 landscapes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

284

Corrosion of Metals in Composite Cements Anthony Setiadi*, J. Hill and N. B. Milestone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corrosion of Metals in Composite Cements Anthony Setiadi*, J. Hill and N. B. Milestone. However, there may be issues regarding the corrosion of some of the metal components which arise from reprocessing and decommissioning due to the alkaline environment in the cement grouts. The corrosion

Sheffield, University of

285

Lithium isotopic systematics of granites and pegmatites from the Black Hills, South Dakota  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lithium isotopic systematics of granites and pegmatites from the Black Hills, South Dakota Fang compositions may reflect Li isotopic fractionation resulting from extensive crystal-melt fractionation. Lithium fractionation in the near≠surface environment of > 60 (Tomascak, 2004). Lithium isotopic fractionation has been

Rudnick, Roberta L.

286

Concept Acquisition: How to get something from nothing Dan Ryder, UNC Chapel Hill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

get concepts from something that's not concepts. Suppose we get concepts from other concepts, that is the goal of a blank slate, we need to show that it's possible to derive concepts from something thatConcept Acquisition: How to get something from nothing Dan Ryder, UNC ­ Chapel Hill [Blank overhead

Ryder, Dan

287

Anomalous electron density events in the quiet summer ionosphere at solar minimum over Millstone Hill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Anomalous electron density events in the quiet summer ionosphere at solar minimum over Millstone region ionosphere over Millstone Hill with calculations from the IZMIRAN model for solar minimum layer. This phenomenon occurs frequently in the quiet ionosphere at solar minimum during summer

Boyer, Edmond

288

ROBOTICS WITHIN THE TEACHING OF PROBLEM-SOLVING SCOTT TURNER AND GARY HILL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ROBOTICS WITHIN THE TEACHING OF PROBLEM-SOLVING SCOTT TURNER AND GARY HILL DIVISION OF COMPUTING-solving approaches, are tasks using Mindstorm (LEGO, Denmark) robot kits. This is being done as a foundation step of a previous robot problem. Results of student evaluation and feedback will be presented and the use of two

Hill, Gary

289

EA-1967: Hills Creek-Lookout Point Transmission Line Rebuild, Lane County, Oregon  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Bonneville Power Administration is preparing an EA to assess potential environmental impacts of the proposed rebuild of its 26-mile 115 kilovolt (kV) wood-pole Hills Creek-Lookout Point transmission line, which is generally located between Lowell and Oakridge, in Lane County, Oregon.

290

Inside Energy February 3, 2003Page 16 Copyright 2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

unchanged. -- Cathy Landry U.S. defers March oil deliveries to strategic reserve RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENTInside Energy February 3, 2003Page 16 © Copyright 2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. OIL In an effort to keep as much oil on the market as possible during the continued labor turmoil in Venezuela

291

Active folding of fluvial terraces across the Siwaliks Hills, Himalayas of central Nepal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Active folding of fluvial terraces across the Siwaliks Hills, Himalayas of central Nepal J. Lave¬ī1 of central Nepal, south of the Kathmandu Basin. The Main Frontal Thrust fault (MFT), which marks the southern analysis, complemented by geological investiga- tions in central Nepal. Active deformation in the Himalaya

Avouac, Jean-Philippe

292

Ambient noise seismic imaging Journal: McGraw Hill 2008 Yearbook of Science & Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ForReview Ambient noise seismic imaging Journal: McGraw Hill 2008 Yearbook of Science & Technology List of Authors: Ritzwoller, Michael Keywords: ambient noise, seismology, seismic tomography, Rayleigh wave, Love wave, surface wave Abstract: A recent innovation in seismic imaging based on using long time

Ritzwolle, Mike

293

Search for Harmonic tremor in the Galapagos Jonathan M. Lees, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Search for Harmonic tremor in the Galapagos Jonathan M. Lees, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Harmonic volcano tremor can provide details of conduit physics during magma flow and volcano.71.2 Hz. Harmonic tremor has not been reported on Galapagos volcanoes, possibly because seismic

Geist, Dennis

294

Department of Computer Science University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill August 2007 The Challenge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Computer Science University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill August 2007 to stability, temporal and spatial scales, and domain representations. This work explores the phenomena of high-energy simulation methods for this type of interaction are better suited for lower energy scales; this work aims

Whitton, Mary C.

295

Magnetotelluric images of the crustal structure of Chyulu Hills volcanic field, Kenya  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetotelluric images of the crustal structure of Chyulu Hills volcanic field, Kenya V. Sakkas volcanic chain on the eastern flank of the Kenya Rift in East Africa. Transient electromagnetic (TEM flank of the Kenya Rift deduced from wide-angle P-wave data. In: Fuchs, K., Altherr, R., Muller, B

Meju, Max

296

Rodney Ellis | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen OwnedofDepartmentEnergyFrequency |Solar Water

297

The effects of sample disturbance on preconsolidation pressure for normally consolidated and overconsolidated clays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sample disturbance has always been a particularly challenging topic in Geotechnical Engineering exercise. The effect and importance of disturbance on stress-strain history and undrained shear strength of soft clays are ...

Kontopoulos, Nikolaos S. (Nikolaos Stefanos)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

K-Ar Dates Of Hydrothermal Clays From Core Hole Vc-2B, Valles...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

zone. Six illitic clays within Quaternary caldera-fill debris flow, tuffaceous sediment, and ash-flow tuff (48 to 587 m depth) yield ages from 0.35 to 1.09 Ma. Illite from...

299

Behavior of 10 full-scale ground anchors installed in stiff clay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results from load tests conducted on ten, full-scale instrumented ground anchors installed in stiff clay, illustrated that anchor performance is load-history dependent. Anchors having shorter bonded lengths performed significantly better than...

Powers, William Francis

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Investigating the Use of Chelating Agents for Clay Dissolution and Sandstone Acidizing Purposes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mud acid, a mixture of HCl and HF, has been frequently used for stimulating sandstone reservoirs. However, using HCl in such environments can be problematic, especially at higher temperatures. Some of the most common problems are the following: clay...

Andotra, Gautam

2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Effects of tunneling on groundwater flow and swelling of clay-sulfate rocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[1] Swelling of clay-sulfate rocks is a major threat in tunneling. It is triggered by the transformation of the sulfate mineral anhydrite into gypsum as a result of water inflow in anhydrite-containing layers after tunnel ...

Butscher, Christoph

302

Detection and Quantification of Expansive Clay Minerals in Geologically-Diverse Texas Aggregate Fines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and asphalt concretes. The Texas Department of Transportation (TXDOT) and Texas A&M Transportation Institute (TTI) evaluated the methylene blue adsorption test for its potential to identify and estimate quantities of expansive clays in aggregate stockpiles...

Russell, George 1983-

2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

303

A comparison of the behavior of intact and Resedimented Boston Blue Clay (BBC)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resedimented Boston Blue Clay (RBBC) has been used as an analog test material for research at MIT for decades, due to local variability and the high cost of sampling. However, a comprehensive study of the differences in ...

House, Robert Donald

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Engineering properties of Resedimented Ugnu Clay from the Alaskan North Slope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research determined the engineering properties of laboratory Resedimented Ugnu Clay (RUC) specimens created using recovered material from 3800 ft below the surface of the Alaskan Northern Slope to aid with future ...

Jones, Cullen A. (Cullen Albert)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc- Energy Smart Solar Water Heater Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Clay Electric Cooperative (CEC) provides a rebate of $0.01 per BTU output to its residential members when they purchase qualified solar water heaters. This rebate is capped at 60,000 BTUs per...

306

Hydroconversion reactions catalyzed by highly stable pillared clays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Al-pillared clays (Al-PILC) and Al-X-PILC (X = Ga, Ni), structurally stable at high temperature - in the case of Ga above 800{degrees}C-have been synthesized by controlling intercalation steps and stabilization procedures. New bidimensional materials with an interlaminar distance about 10-12{angstrom} and with different chemical reactivities in the pillars have thus been produced. The analytical techniques employed to characterize the materials and the processes involved during stabilization include N{sub 2} adsorption, AA, XRD, NH{sub 3}-TPD, TGA-DTA, HR- and MAS-NMR (Al, Si, and Ga) and in-situ IR and DRIFTS. Chemical characterization using high pressure reactions with probe molecules such as diphenylmethane and tert-butylbenzene shows selectivity patterns than can be clearly associated with the microstructure of the PILC used, as well as an effect due to the composition of the pillars. Similar studies with zeolites give patterns that differ from those of PILC, probably because of the change in dimensionality of the internal structure. Poisoning studies with metal porphyrins prove that PLIC have improved resistance compared to standard catalysts. Hydrotreatment of Maya crude results a significant reduction in total sulfur under conditions suitable for commercial operation.

Gomez, S.A.; Mosqueira, L.; Espinosa, J.; Fuentes, G.A. [Universidad A. Metropolitana-Iztapalapa (Mexico)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

307

Hygrothermal performance of an engineered clay barrier during sustained heating  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bentonitic clay buffers, with a potential for swelling, form an integral part of the natural (geological formation)/engineered multi-barrier concepts being proposed for the disposal of heat-generating radioactive nuclear fuel wastes. The integrity of such barriers during thermal loadings is of primary interest to the assessment of their reliability. This paper discusses the results of a series of experiments performed to assess the performance of buffer material under sustained heating. These experiments were conducted in a large-scale granite block facility. The laboratory modeling approximately simulates the local environment that can be encountered in a disposal vault in a granitic rock mass. Experiments in which the power supply to an embedded heater was held constant are described. The temperature distributions within the buffer and the granite block together with the residual moisture content distributions are documented. Also discussed is the application of a computational model of coupled heat and moisture flows. Moisture and heat transfer in the buffer under coupled gradients is described by the Philip-de Vries-type model in which the hygrothermal parameters are determined separately.

Selvadurai, A.P.S. [Carleton Univ., Ottawa, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering; Onofrei, C. [AECL Research, Pinawa, Manitoba (Canada). Whiteshell Labs.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

308

High gradient magnetic separation of iron oxide minerals from soil clays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HIGH GRADIENT MAGNETIC SEPARATION OF IRON OXIDE MINERALS FROM SOIL CLAYS A Thesis by DARRELL GENE SCHULZE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AIM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1977 Major Subject: Soil Science HIGH GRADIENT MAGNETIC SEPARATION OF IRON OXIDE MINERALS FROM SOIL CLAYS A Thesis DARRELL GENE SCHULZE Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of C ittee) epartm t) j (Member) (Membe December 1977...

Schulze, Darrell Gene

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Field tests and new design procedure for laterally loaded drilled shafts in clay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FIELD TESTS AND NEW DESIGN PROCEDURE FOR LATERALLY LOADED DRILLED SHAFTS IN CLAY A Thesis by l1ARK WILLIAM BIERSCHWALE Submitted to ihe Graduate College Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1980 Major Subject: Civil Engineering FIELD TESTS AND NEW DESIGN PROCEDURE FOR LATERALLY LOADED DRILLED SHAFTS IN CLAY A Thesis by NARK WILLIAM BIERSCHWALE Approved as to style and content by: Harry M. Coyle - Chairman...

Bierschwale, Mark W.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Clay minerals of recent marine sediments to the west of the Mississippi Delta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CLAY MINERALS OF RECENT MARINE SEDIMENTS 10 THE WEST OP THE MISSISSIPPI DKLTA A Dissertation By RAYMOND ERANCIS McALLI9TER> Jr. Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY IN OCEANOGRAPHY May* 1958 Major Subject: Geological Oceanography CLAY MINERALS OF RECENT MARINE SEDIMENTS TO THE WEST OF THE MISSISSIPPI DELTA A Dissertation RAYMOND FRANCIS McALLISTER, Jr. Approved...

McAllister, Raymond Francis

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Morphological, mineralogical and physicochemical characteristics of some dark clay soils of Puerto Rico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. '. beany of tho soil propox ties, such as plasticity, stickiness, s~elling and shrinking upon wottixxg and dryinp ~ and exchange capacity, are dependent upon the clay mineral fraction of' the soil. It is expected that thc observed rolationships... l. X-ray d5. ffraction pa'tterns for the clay minerals kaolinite~ illite and montmorlllonite . . . , . . . . . . . . , , ~, . Hap of Puerto 8ioo showing several annual rainfall belts and the approximate locations fox thc profiles studied. ~ o...

Acevedo, Gilberto

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Application of the Modified Methylene Blue Test to Detect Clay Minerals in Coarse Aggregate Fines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APPLICATION OF THE MODIFIED METHYLENE BLUE TEST TO DETECT CLAY MINERALS IN COARSE AGGREGATE FINES A Thesis by BRANDON THOMAS PITRE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...: Civil Engineering Copyright 2012 Brandon Thomas Pitre ii ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to implement a new, rapid field method to effectively and accurately detect harmful clay minerals in aggregate fines by using the modified...

Pitre, Brandon

2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

313

Enthalpy of adsorption and isotherms for adsorption of naphthenic acid onto clays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The enthalpies of adsorption and the isotherms for adsorption of naphthenic acid onto Na-montmorillonite, Na-kaolinite, and Na-illite were studied by means of calorimetry and the static method at 298.15 K. The results show that the enthalpies of adsorption and saturated adsorption amounts of naphthenic acid on different clays change in the order Na-montmorillonite > Na-illite > Na-kaolinite. The interaction between naphthenic acid and clays is discussed.

Zou, L.; Han, B.; Yan, H. [Academia Sinica, Beijing (China). Inst. of Chemistry] [Academia Sinica, Beijing (China). Inst. of Chemistry; Kasperski, K.L.; Xu, Y. [CANMET, Devon, Alberta (Canada). Energy Mines and Resources] [CANMET, Devon, Alberta (Canada). Energy Mines and Resources; Hepler, L.G. [Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Chemistry] [Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Chemistry

1997-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

314

Integrated petrographic and petrophysical study of the Smackover formation, Womack Hill field, Clarke and Choctaw counties, Alabama  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this study was to describe depositional and diagenetic characteristics of the Oxfordian (Jurassic) Smackover formation in Womack Hill field, Alabama, as part of an integrated reservoir description program. In order to understand...

Hopkins, Tiffany Lynn

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Advisor/Dean Approval Form (For UNC-Chapel Hill undergraduate students who are academically ineligible or not currently attending)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advisor/Dean Approval Form (For UNC-Chapel Hill undergraduate students who are academically ineligible or not currently attending) Complete this form with the signature of your academic advisor or dean_________________ Alternate 2___________________ Alternate 3_________________ Advisor/Dean signature

McLaughlin, Richard M.

316

Croatian Language and Cultural Maintenance in the Slavic-American Community of Strawberry Hill, Kansas City, Kansas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate levels of immigrant language retention among Croatian-Americans in the Slavic diaspora community of Strawberry Hill in Kansas City, Kansas. There have been three major waves of Croatian...

Glasgow, Holly Hood

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

317

Formation of hydrocarbons from acid-Clay suspensions by gamma irradiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The adsorption of certain organic compounds by clays gives rise to the transformation of the adsorbate through the action of the clays. This phenomenon can be enhanced using ionizing radiation. In this context, these kinds of reactions play an important role in many natural and industrial processes. For example, in oil and gas exploration, the source and trap of petroleum hydrocarbons is frequently clay-rich rocks. Clay-water-based muds are also seen as environmentally friendly alternatives to toxic oil-based fluids. The principal processes that occur in sediments are usually held to be of bacterial action and thermal transformation, which may include thermally induced catalytic alteration of the organic debris. On the other hand, radioactive materials are widely distributed throughout Earth. They were more abundant in the past, but are present in petroleum reservoirs. Their presence induced radioactive bombardment, which may have altered these sediments. This important subject has not been extensively studied. The aim of this work is to study the behavior of fatty acids-like behenic acid-and dicarboxylic acids-like fumaric acid-as model compounds, which are adsorbed in a clay mineral (Na-montmorillonite) and exposed to gamma radiation. The results show that the radiation-induced decomposition of the clay-acid system goes along a definitive path (oxidation), rather than following several modes of simultaneous decomposition, as happens in radiolysis without clay or by heating the system. The main radiolytic products for fatty acids are their corresponding hydrocarbons, with one C-atom less than the original acid.

Cruz-Castaneda, J.; Negron-Mendoza, A.; Ramos-Bernal, S. [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, UNAM. Cd. Universitaria, A. P. 70-543, 04510 Mexico (Mexico)

2013-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

318

3D Model of the McGinness Hills Geothermal Area  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The McGinness Hills geothermal system lies in a ~8.5 km wide, north-northeast trending accommodation zone defined by east-dipping normal faults bounding the Toiyabe Range to the west and west-dipping normal faults bounding the Simpson Park Mountains to the east. Within this broad accommodation zone lies a fault step-over defined by north-northeast striking, west-dipping normal faults which step to the left at roughly the latitude of the McGinness Hills geothermal system. The McGinness Hills 3D model consists of 9 geologic units and 41 faults. The basal geologic units are metasediments of the Ordovician Valmy and Vininni Formations (undifferentiated in the model) which are intruded by Jurassic granitic rocks. Unconformably overlying is a ~100s m-thick section of Tertiary andesitic lava flows and four Oligocene-to-Miocene ash-flow tuffs: The Rattlesnake Canyon Tuff, tuff of Sutcliffe, the Cambell Creek Tuff and the Nine Hill tuff. Overlying are sequences of pre-to-syn-extensional Quaternary alluvium and post-extensional Quaternary alluvium. 10-15ļ eastward dip of the Tertiary stratigraphy is controlled by the predominant west-dipping fault set. Geothermal production comes from two west dipping normal faults in the northern limb of the step over. Injection is into west dipping faults in the southern limb of the step over. Production and injection sites are in hydrologic communication, but at a deep level, as the northwest striking fault that links the southern and northern limbs of the step-over has no permeability.

Faulds, James E.

319

3D Model of the McGinness Hills Geothermal Area  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The McGinness Hills geothermal system lies in a ~8.5 km wide, north-northeast trending accommodation zone defined by east-dipping normal faults bounding the Toiyabe Range to the west and west-dipping normal faults bounding the Simpson Park Mountains to the east. Within this broad accommodation zone lies a fault step-over defined by north-northeast striking, west-dipping normal faults which step to the left at roughly the latitude of the McGinness Hills geothermal system. The McGinness Hills 3D model consists of 9 geologic units and 41 faults. The basal geologic units are metasediments of the Ordovician Valmy and Vininni Formations (undifferentiated in the model) which are intruded by Jurassic granitic rocks. Unconformably overlying is a ~100s m-thick section of Tertiary andesitic lava flows and four Oligocene-to-Miocene ash-flow tuffs: The Rattlesnake Canyon Tuff, tuff of Sutcliffe, the Cambell Creek Tuff and the Nine Hill tuff. Overlying are sequences of pre-to-syn-extensional Quaternary alluvium and post-extensional Quaternary alluvium. 10-15ļ eastward dip of the Tertiary stratigraphy is controlled by the predominant west-dipping fault set. Geothermal production comes from two west dipping normal faults in the northern limb of the step over. Injection is into west dipping faults in the southern limb of the step over. Production and injection sites are in hydrologic communication, but at a deep level, as the northwest striking fault that links the southern and northern limbs of the step-over has no permeability.

Faulds, James E.

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

320

Surface Radiation Survey at the Shepleyís Hill Remediation Site, Devens, Massachusettes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) provided technical support for ongoing environmental remediation activities at the Shepleyís Hill remediation site, near Devens, MA. The technical support included the completion of a radiation survey of naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) at Shepleyís Hill, Shepleyís Hill landfill cover, and Red Cove areas. The objective of the radiation survey was to assess the ability of the INL backpack sodium iodide spectroscopy (BaSIS) system to detect elevated levels of NORM that may be associated with radon-222 emanation from near surface and subsurface fractures in the area. It is postulated that these fracture zones provide subsurface conduits for the transport of environmental contaminants. As such, location of these fracture sets will proved EPA Region 1 with the means for completing the development of an accurate site conceptual model. The results of the radiological survey show that some of the radiological anomalies correlate with currently mapped rock outcrops; however, not all of the rock outcrops in the surveyed area have been mapped. As such, it is not conclusive that all of the radiological anomalies correspond with surface rock outcrops. EPA Region 1 intends to perform a more comprehensive correlation of the radiation data collected with the BaSIS system with additional data sets such as detailed bedrock structural mapping, 2-dimensional resistivity profiling, and high-resolution topographic mapping. The results of this effort will be used in consideration of designing a potential follow-on effort for mapping of radon.

J. R. Giles; C. P. Oertel; L. G. Roybal

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Reduction And Immobilization Of Hexavalent Chromium By Microbially Reduced Fe-bearing Clay Minerals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hexavalent chromium (Cr6+) is a major contaminant in the environment. As a redox-sensitive element, the fate and toxicity of chromium is controlled by reduction-oxidation (redox) reactions. Previous research has shown the ability of structural Fe(II) in naturally present and chemically reduced clay minerals to reduce Cr6+ to Cr(III) as a way of immobilization and detoxification. However, it is still poorly known whether or not structural Fe(II) in biologically reduced clay minerals exhibits a similar reactivity and if so, what the kinetics and mechanisms of Cr6+ reduction are. The objective of this study was to determine the kinetics and possible mechanisms of Cr6+ reduction by structural Fe(II) in microbially reduced clay minerals and the nature of reduced Cr(III). Structural Fe(III) in nontronite (NAu-2), montmorillonite (SWy-2), chlorite (CCa-2), and clay-rich sediments from the Ringold Formation of the Hanford site of Washington State, USA was first bioreduced to Fe(II) by an iron-reducing bacterium Geobacter sulfurreducens with acetate as the sole electron donor and anthraquinone-2,6-disulfate (AQDS) as electron shuttle in synthetic groundwater (pH 7). Biogenic Fe(II) was then used to reduce aqueous Cr6+ at three different temperatures, 10į, 20į, and 30įC, in order to determine the temperature dependence of the redox reaction between Cr6+ and clay-Fe(II). The results showed that nontronite and montmorillonite were most effective in reducing aqueous Cr6+ at all three temperatures. In contrast, most Fe(II) in chlorite was not reactive towards Cr6+ reduction at 10įC, though at 30įC there was some reduction. For all the clay minerals, the ratio of total Fe(II) oxidized to Cr6+ reduced was close to the expected stoichiometric value of 3. Characterization of the Cr-clay reaction product with scanning electron microscopy with focused ion beam and transmission electron microscopy with electron energy loss spectroscopy revealed that reduced chromium was possibly in the form of sub-nanometer Cr2O3 in association with residual clay minerals as micro-aggregates. This textural association was expected to minimize the chance of Cr(III) reoxidation upon exposure to oxidants. These results are important for our understanding of how various clay minerals may be used to reductively immobilize the heavy metal contaminant Cr in the environment.

Bishop, Michael E.; Glasser, Paul; Dong, Hailiang; Arey, Bruce W.; Kovarik, Libor

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

322

Analysis of the Massive Salt Fall in Big Hill Cavern 103  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes recent reviews, observations, and analyses believed to be imperative to our understanding of the recent two million cubic feet salt fall event in Big Hill Cavern 103, one of the caverns of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). The fall was the result of one or more stress driven mechanical instabilities, the origins of which are discussed in the report. The work has lead to important conclusions concerning the engineering and operations of the caverns at Big Hill. Specifically, Big Hill, being the youngest SPR site, was subjected to state-of-the-art solutioning methods to develop nominally well-formed, right-circular cylindrical caverns. Examination of the pressure history records indicate that operationally all Big Hill SPR caverns have been treated similarly. Significantly, new three-dimensional (3-D) imaging methods, applied to old (original) and more recent sonar survey data, have provided much more detailed views of cavern walls, roofs, and floors. This has made possible documentation of the presence of localized deviations from ''smooth'' cylindrical cavern walls. These deviations are now recognized as isolated, linear and/or planar features in the original sonar data (circa early 1990s), which persist to the present time. These elements represent either sites of preferential leaching, localized spalling, or a combination of the two. Understanding the precise origin of these phenomena remains a challenge, especially considering, in a historical sense, the domal salt at Big Hill was believed to be well-characterized. However, significant inhomogeneities in the domal salt that may imply abnormalities in leaching were not noted. Indeed, any inhomogeneities were judged inconsequential to the solution-engineering methods at the time, and, by the same token, to the approaches to modeling the rock mass geomechanical response. The rock mass was treated as isotropic and homogeneous, which in retrospect, appears to have been an over simplification. This analysis shows there are possible new opportunities regarding completing an appropriate site characterization for existing operating cavern fields in the SPR, as well as expansion of current sites or development of new sites. Such characterization should first be consistent with needs identified by this report. Secondly, the characterization needs to satisfy the input requirements of the 3-D solutioning calculational methods being developed, together with 3-D geomechanical analyses techniques which address deformation of a salt rock mass that contains inhomogeneities. It seems apparent that focusing on these important areas could preclude occurrence of unexpected events that would adversely impact the operations of SPR.

MUNSON, DARRELL E.; BAUER, STEPHEN J.; RAUTMAN, CHRISTOPHER A.; EHGARTNER, BRIAN L.; SATTLER, ALLAN R.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Solvent and water/surfactant process for removal of bitumen from tar sands contaminated with clay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a process for removing bitumen from a tar sand contaminated with clay. It comprises: obtaining a tar sand consisting of bitumen and clay mixed with sand; introducing the tar sand into a stripper vessel; dissolving the bitumen with a solvent, the solvent also removing the clay from the sand into a liquid medium formed with the solvent and bitumen; removing the liquid medium from the sand; and washing the sand with water to which a nonionic surface active agent has been added to remove residual bitumen from the sand, the surfactive agent comprising a linear alcohol having carbon atoms within the range on the order of about eight to fifteen carbon atoms and ethoxylate units on the carbon atoms within the range on the order of about two to eight ethoxylate units, the surfactant being present in the water in an effective amount less than about 0.5 percent by volume.

Guymon, E.P.

1990-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

324

Field Performance of A Compacted Clay Landfill Final cover At A Humid Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study was conducted in southern Georgia, USA to evaluate how the hydraulic properties of the compacted clay barrier layer in a landfill final cover changed over a 4-yr service life. The cover was part of a test section constructed in a large drainage lysimeter that allowed CE Database subject headings: landfill, hydrogeology, compacted soils, lysimeters, desiccation continuous monitoring of the water balance. Patterns in the drainage (i.e., flow from the bottom of the cover) record suggest that preferential flow paths developed in the clay barrier soon after construction, apparently in response to desiccation cracking. After four years, the clay barrier was excavated and examined for changes in soil structure and hydraulic conductivity. Tests were conducted in situ with a sealed double-ring infiltrometer and two-stage borehole permeameters and in the laboratory on hand-carved blocks taken during construction and after four years of service. The in situ and laboratory tests indicated that the hydraulic conductivity increased approximately three orders of magnitude (from ? 10-7 to ? 10-4 cm s-1) during the service life. A dye tracer test and soil structure analysis showed that extensive cracking and root development occurred throughout the entire depth of the barrier layer. Laboratory tests on undisturbed specimens of the clay barrier indicated that the hydraulic conductivity of damaged clay barriers can be under-estimated significantly if small specimens (e.g., tube samples) are used for hydraulic conductivity assessment. The findings also indicate that clay barriers must be protected from desiccation and root intrusion if they are expected to function as intended, even at sites in warm, humid locations.

Albright, William H.; Benson, Craig H.; Gee, Glendon W.; Abichou, Tarek; Mcdonald, Eric V.; Tyler, Scott W.; Rock, Steven

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Dynamics of confined reactive water in Smectic clay-zeolite composites.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dynamics of water confined to mesoporous regions in minerals such as swelling clays and zeolites is fundamental to a wide range of resource management issues impacting many processes on a global scale, including radioactive waste containment, desalination, and enhanced oil recovery. Large-scale atomic models of freely diffusing multilayer smectite particles at low hydration confined in a silicalite cage are used to investigate water dynamics in the composite environment with the ReaxFF reactive force field over a temperature range of 300 647 K. The reactive capability of the force field enabled a range of relevant surface chemistry to emerge, including acid/base equilibria in the interlayer calcium hydrates and silanol formation on the edges of the clay and inner surface of the zeolite housing. After annealing, the resulting clay models exhibit both mono- and bilayer hydration structures. Clay surface hydration redistributed markedly and yielded to silicalite water loading. We find that the absolute rates and temperature dependence of water dynamics compare well to neutron scattering data and pulse field gradient measures from relevant samples of Ca-montmorillonite and silicalite, respectively. Within an atomistic, reactive context, our results distinguish water dynamics in the interlayer Ca(OH)2 nH2O environment from water flowing over the clay surface, and from water diffusing within silicalite. We find that the diffusion of water when complexed to Ca hydrates is considerably slower than freely diffusing water over the clay surface, and the reduced mobility is well described by a difference in the Arrhenius pre-exponential factor rather than a change in activation energy.

Pitman, Michael C. [IBM Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY; Van Duin, Adri C. T. [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Dynamics of confined reactive water in smectite clay-zeolite composites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dynamics of water confined to mesoporous regions in minerals such as swelling clays and zeolites is fundamental to a wide range of resource management issues impacting many processes on a global scale, including radioactive waste containment, desalination, and enhanced oil recovery. Large-scale atomic models of freely diffusing multilayer smectite particles at low hydration confined in a silicalite cage are used to investigate water dynamics in the composite environment with the ReaxFF reactive force field over a temperature range of 300 647 K. The reactive capability of the force field enabled a range of relevant surface chemistry to emerge, including acid/base equilibria in the interlayer calcium hydrates and silanol formation on the edges of the clay and inner surface of the zeolite housing. After annealing, the resulting clay models exhibit both mono- and bilayer hydration structures. Clay surface hydration redistributed markedly and yielded to silicalite water loading. We find that the absolute rates and temperature dependence of water dynamics compare well to neutron scattering data and pulse field gradient measures from relevant samples of Ca-montmorillonite and silicalite, respectively. Within an atomistic, reactive context, our results distinguish water dynamics in the interlayer Ca(OH)2 nH2O environment from water flowing over the clay surface, and from water diffusing within silicalite. We find that the diffusion of water when complexed to Ca hydrates is considerably slower than freely diffusing water over the clay surface, and the reduced mobility is well described by a difference in the Arrhenius pre-exponential factor rather than a change in activation energy.

Pitman, Michael C. [IBM Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY; Van Duin, Adri C. T. [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Structural, textural and catalytic properties of Al-, Ti-pillared clays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Al-, Ti- and Zr-pillared clays were characterized and NiMo/Pilc`s were tested in HDS reactions. The combination of activity measurements with Moessbauer Spectroscopy and x-ray microanalysis at microscopical scale give insight in the metal phases migration during pillaring, reaction and regeneration steps. {Alpha}-Fe phase in free Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} islands predominate together with structural Fe{sup 3+} phase, but during the catalytic reaction Fe{sup 2+} forms. Delamination of the Ti- and Zr-Clay supports, together with high Lewis acidity might enhance their catalytic properties.

Ramos-Galvan, C.E.; Dominguez, J.M.; Sandoval-Robles, G.; Castillo-Mares, A.; Nava E, N.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

328

Pumped Storage Hydropower (Project Development Support)óGeotechnical Investigation and Value Stream Analysis for the Iowa Hill Pumped-Storage Development  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Pumped Storage Hydropower (Project Development Support)óGeotechnical Investigation and Value Stream Analysis for the Iowa Hill Pumped-Storage Development

329

Observation of Quantum Motion of a Nanomechanical Resonator Amir H. Safavi-Naeini, Jasper Chan, Jeff T. Hill, Thiago P. Mayer Alegre, Alex Krause, and Oskar Painter*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-optomechanics" Jeff T. Hill,1 Amir H. Safavi-Naeini,1 Jasper Chan,1 and O. Painter1 1 Kavli Nanoscience Institute

Painter, Oskar

330

PII S0016-7037(98)00136-7 The kinetics of mixed Ni-Al hydroxide formation on clay and aluminum oxide minerals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PII S0016-7037(98)00136-7 The kinetics of mixed Ni-Al hydroxide formation on clay and aluminum. This finding indicates that the dissolution of clay and aluminum oxide minerals can be promoted by metal ions

Sparks, Donald L.

331

Mystical design in Dorothy Richardson's Pilgramage: the case of Dimple Hill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

meeting appears in Revolvin Li hts (III 324-29) . Here, she realizes that her witnessing of Quaker worship is a "deeply engraved memory, " more powerful "than any of the bright remembered things that had seemed so good as they came" (III 324). 40... transformation to follow. By the time Miriam reaches Dimple Hill, she has already traveled a great distance on the road to her "true identity. " When her journey begins, Miriam, at seventeen, has a keen, rapidly maturing intellect and a predisposition...

Sargent, Laura Jane

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company, NEL-2014-01  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South42.2 (AprilBiden SaysEnergy Office FY144 1.DOE F ProvisionCH2M HILL

333

Slip and Dilation Tendency Anlysis of McGinness Hills Geothermal Area  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Stress field variation within each focus area was approximated based on regional published data and the world stress database (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson-Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2010; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012; Moeck et al., 2010; Moos and Ronne, 2010 and Reinecker et al., 2005) as well as local stress information if applicable. For faults within these focus systems we applied either a normal faulting stress regime where the vertical stress (sv) is larger than the maximum horizontal stress (shmax) which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (sv>shmax>shmin) or strike-slip faulting stress regime where the maximum horizontal stress (shmax) is larger than the vertical stress (sv) which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (shmax >sv>shmin) depending on the general tectonic province of the system. Based on visual inspection of the limited stress magnitude data in the Great Basin we used magnitudes such that shmin/shmax = .527 and shmin/sv= .46, which are consistent with complete and partial stress field determinations from Desert Peak, Coso, the Fallon area and Dixie valley (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson-Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2011; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012). Slip and dilation tendency for the McGinness Hills geothermal field was calculated based on the faults mapped McGinness Hills area (Siler 2012, unpublished). The McGinness Hills area lies in the Basin and Range Province, as such we applied a normal faulting stress regime to the McGinness area faults, with a minimum horizontal stress direction oriented 115, based on inspection of local and regional stress determinations, as explained above. Under these stress conditions north-northeast striking, steeply dipping fault segments have the highest dilation tendency, while north-northeast striking 60į dipping fault segments have the highest tendency to slip. The McGinness Hills geothermal system is characterized by a left-step in a north-northeast striking west-dipping fault system wit...

Faulds, James E.

334

Multiphase flow and multicomponent reactive transport model of the ventilation experiment in Opalinus clay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the construction and operational phases of a high-level radioactive waste (HLW) repository constructed in a clay formation, ventilation of underground drifts will cause desaturation and oxidation of the rock. The Ventilation Experiment (VE) was performed in a 1.3 m diameter unlined horizontal microtunnel on Opalinus clay at Mont Terri underground research laboratory in Switzerland to evaluate the impact of desaturation on rock properties. A multiphase flow and reactive transport model of VE is presented here. The model accounts for liquid, vapor and air flow, evaporation/condensation and multicomponent reactive solute transport with kinetic dissolution of pyrite and siderite and local-equilibrium dissolution/precipitation of calcite, ferrihydrite, dolomite, gypsum and quartz. Model results reproduce measured vapor flow, liquid pressure and hydrochemical data and capture the trends of measured relative humidities, although such data are slightly overestimated near the rock interface due to uncertainties in the turbulence factor. Rock desaturation allows oxygen to diffuse into the rock and triggers pyrite oxidation, dissolution of calcite and siderite, precipitation of ferrihydrite, dolomite and gypsum and cation exchange. pH in the unsaturated rock varies from 7.8 to 8 and is buffered by calcite. Computed changes in the porosity and the permeability of Opalinus clay in the unsaturated zone caused by oxidation and mineral dissolution/precipitation are smaller than 5%. Therefore, rock properties are not expected to be affected significantly by ventilation of underground drifts during construction and operational phases of a HLW repository in clay.

Zheng, L.; Samper, J.; Montenegro, L.; Major, J.C.

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

335

Differences in potassium forms between cutans and adjacent soil matrix in a Grey Clay Soil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Differences in potassium forms between cutans and adjacent soil matrix in a Grey Clay Soil Fan Liu1 , R. J. Gilkes, R. D. Hart, and A. Bruand2 Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Faculty are common fabric features in soil and represent foci of chemical and biological reactions. The influence

Boyer, Edmond

336

Layer-by-Layer Assembly of Clay-filled Polymer Nanocomposite Thin Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A variety of functional thin films can be produced using the layer-by-layer assembly technique. In this work, assemblies of anionic clay and cationic polymer were studied with regard to film growth and gas barrier properties. A simple, yet flexible...

Jang, Woo-Sik

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

337

Validation of Coupled Simulation of Excavations in Saturated Clay: Camboinhas Case History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Validation of Coupled Simulation of Excavations in Saturated Clay: Camboinhas Case History)GM .1943-5622.0000077. © 2011 American Society of Civil Engineers. CE Database subject headings: Excavation history. Introduction Excavations in soft soils are becoming more common to construct underground

Zornberg, Jorge G.

338

Smectite clay adsorbents of aflatoxin B1 to amend animal feed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Smectite clay has been shown in studies over the past 20 years to sorb aflatoxin B1 (AfB1) in animal feed and thereby reduce its toxic influence on animals. In this study, 20 smectite samples were selected from industrial products or reference...

Kannewischer, Ines

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

339

Engineering Geology 54 (1999) 159165 Mechanical interaction between swelling compacted clay and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a a EnvirosQuantiSci Ltd., 45 Station Road, Henley-On-Thames RG9 1AT, UK b University of Bath, Bath, UK. We show that such mass loss is limited as a mechanism for leaching away the emplaced barrier, yet may Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Clay barrier; Colloids; Fractured rock; Leaching

Peletier, Mark

340

Original article Mechanical behaviour of silty clay loam/peat mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Mechanical behaviour of silty clay loam/peat mixtures: cyclic compression or amended with 20 or 40 % by volume of spagh- num peat, were studied at different values of water contentPa is increased to about 55 and 115 % for 20 and 40 % peat contents, respectively. A comparison of the cyclic test

Paris-Sud XI, Universitť de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Evaluating the Effects of Environmentally Acceptable Clay Stabilizer on Bandera Sandstone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

it possible for large areas of the formation to be effectively treated. 3.2.1.1 BENTONITE Bentonite is impure clay consisting mainly of montmorillonite. It is an absorbent aluminum phyllosilicate (CasŠs, L. M., M. Pozo, et al. 2013). Bentonite...

Emecheta, Akunna C

2013-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

342

Evalutaion of Multi-Stage Sandstone Acidizing Uging an Organic Mud Acid and a Clay Stabalizer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and clay particles. The purpose of this study is to present and evaluate multi-stage acid injection into the Bandera sandstone cores to remove formation damage. In this study, coreflood experiments were conducted on Bandera sandstone cores (1.5 in. x 6 in...

Sakipour, Armin

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

343

Preliminary inventory of pre-Cenozoic clay shales and argillites of the conterminous United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cretaceous shales of the Western Interior of the United States occur in vast quantities and in thickness greater than 150 m (500 ft). Some older Mesozoic, Paleozoic, and Precambrian shale and argillites also appear to approach these thicknesses in deposits of considerable lateral extent. These older rocks commonly have a lower proportion of expandable clays and lower water contents.

Connolly, J.R.; Woodward, L.A.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Permeability of illite-bearing shale: 1. Anisotropy and effects of clay content and loading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Permeability of illite-bearing shale: 1. Anisotropy and effects of clay content and loading-rich shale recovered from the Wilcox formation and saturated with 1 M NaCl solution varies from 3 √? 10√?22 transport; KEYWORDS: permeability, shale, connected pore space Citation: Kwon, O., A. K. Kronenberg, A. F

Herbert, Bruce

345

Status of LANL investigations of temperature constraints on clay in repository environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Used Fuel Disposition (UFD) Campaign is presently evaluating various generic options for disposal of used fuel. The focus of this experimental work is to characterize and bound Engineered Barrier Systems (EBS) conditions in high heat load repositories. The UFD now has the ability to evaluate multiple EBS materials, waste containers, and rock types at higher heat loads and pressures (including deep boreholes). The geologic conditions now available to the U.S.A. and the international community for repositories include saturated and reduced water conditions, along with higher pressure and temperature (P, T) regimes. Chemical and structural changes to the clays, in either backfill/buffer or clay-rich host rock, may have significant effects on repository evolution. Reduction of smectite expansion capacity and rehydration potential due to heating could affect the isolation provided by EBS. Processes such as cementation by silica precipitation and authigenic illite could change the hydraulic and mechanical properties of clay-rich materials. Experimental studies of these repository conditions at high P,T have not been performed in the U.S. for decades and little has been done by the international community at high P,T. The experiments to be performed by LANL will focus on the importance of repository chemical and mineralogical conditions at elevated P,T conditions. This will provide input to the assessment of scientific basis for elevating the temperature limits in clay barriers.

Caporuscio, Florie A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cheshire, Michael C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Newell, Dennis L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; McCarney, Mary Kate [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

346

Environmental assessment for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Big Hill facility storage of commercial crude oil project, Jefferson County, Texas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Big Hill SPR facility located in Jefferson County, Texas has been a permitted operating crude oil storage site since 1986 with benign environmental impacts. However, Congress has not authorized crude oil purchases for the SPR since 1990, and six storage caverns at Big Hill are underutilized with 70 million barrels of available storage capacity. On February 17, 1999, the Secretary of Energy offered the 70 million barrels of available storage at Big Hill for commercial use. Interested commercial users would enter into storage contracts with DOE, and DOE would receive crude oil in lieu of dollars as rental fees. The site could potentially began to receive commercial oil in May 1999. This Environmental Assessment identified environmental changes that potentially would affect water usage, power usage, and air emissions. However, as the assessment indicates, changes would not occur to a major degree affecting the environment and no long-term short-term, cumulative or irreversible impacts have been identified.

NONE

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

(Data in thousand metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2009, clay and shale production was reported in 41 States. About 190 companies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

44 CLAYS (Data in thousand metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2009, clay and shale production was reported in 41 States. About 190 companies operated approximately 830% drilling mud, 17% foundry sand bond, 14% iron ore pelletizing, and 20% other uses; common clay--57% brick

348

(Data in thousand metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2008, clay and shale production was reported in 41 States. About 190 companies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

46 CLAYS (Data in thousand metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2008, clay and shale production was reported in 41 States. About 190 companies operated approximately 830% drilling mud, 17% foundry sand bond, 14% iron ore pelletizing, and 20% other uses; common clay--57% brick

349

Golden Hills  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Big Sky LearningGet AssistanceCatalytic Sites . | EMSLAbout

350

Radon in Soil Gas Above Bedrock Fracture Sets at the Shepleyís Hill Superfund Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) recently provided technical support for ongoing environmental remediation activities at the Shepleyís Hill remediation site near Devens, MA (Figure 1). The technical support was requested as follow-on work to an initial screening level radiation survey conducted in 2008. The purpose of the original study was to assess the efficacy of the INL-developed Backpack Sodium Iodide System (BaSIS) for detecting elevated areas of natural radioactivity due to the decay of radon-222 gases emanating from the underlying fracture sets. Although the results from the initial study were mixed, the BaSIS radiation surveys did confirm that exposed bedrock outcrops have higher natural radioactivity than the surficial soils, thus a high potential for detecting elevated levels of radon and/or radon daughter products. (INL 2009) The short count times associated with the BaSIS measurements limited the ability of the system to respond to elevated levels of radioactivity from a subsurface source, in this instance radon gas emanating from fracture sets. Thus, it was postulated that a different methodology be employed to directly detect the radon in the soil gases. The CR-39 particle track detectors were investigated through an extensive literature and technology search. The relatively long deployment or ďdetectionĒ time of several days, as well as the sensitivity of the measurement and robustness of the detectors made the CR-39 technology promising for deployment at the Shepleyís Hill site.

J.R. Giles; T.L. McLing; M.V. Carpenter; C.J. Smith; W. Brandon

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Avian use of forest habitats in the Pembina hills of northeastern North Dakota. Resource pub  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

North Dakota has the least extensive total area of forested habitats of any of the 50 United States. Although occurring in limited area, forest communities add considerably to the total ecological diversity of the State. The forests of the Pembina Hills region in northeastern North Dakota are one of only three areas large enough to be considered of commercial value. During 1981 the authors studied the avifauna of the upper valley of the Pembina River in the Pembina Hills. Field work extended from 20 April to 23 July; breeding bird censuses were conducted 7 June to 2 July. Of the 120 bird species recorded during the study period, 79 species were recorded during the breeding season. The total breeding population was estimated at nearly 76,000 breeding pairs. The wood warblers (Parulidae) were the most numerous family, accounting for about 28,000 breeding pairs. The yellow warbler (Dendroica petechia) was the most abundant breeding species, making up 19.4% of the population. American redstart (Setophaga ruticilla) was second in abundance, accounting for 10.5% of the breeding population. Largest breeding densities occurred in the willow (Salix sp.) shrub community.

Faanes, C.A.; Andrew, J.M.

1983-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

352

Heat extracted from the long term flow test in the Fenton Hill HDR reservoir  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A long-term flow test was carried out in the Fenton Hill HDR Phase-2 reservoir for 14 months during 1992-1993 to examine the potential for supplying thermal energy at a sustained rate as a commercial demonstration of HDR technology. The test was accomplished in several segments with changes in mean flowrate due to pumping conditions. Re-test estimates of the extractable heat content above a minimum useful temperature were based on physical evidence of the size of the Fenton Hill reservoir. A numerical model was used to estimate the extent of heat extracted during the individual flow segments from the database of measured production data during the test. For a reservoir volume of 6.5x10{sup 6}m{sup 3}, the total heat content above a minimum temperature of 150{degree} C was 1.5x10{sup 15}J. For the total test period at the three sustained mean flowrates, the integrated heat extracted was 0.088x10{sup 15}J, with no discernable temperature decline of the produced fluid. The fraction of energy extracted above the abandonment temperature was 5.9%. On the basis of a constant thermal energy extraction rate, the lifetime of the reservoir (without reservoir growth) to the abandonment temperature would be 13.3 years, in good agreement with the pre-test estimate of 15.0 years for the given reservoir volume.

Kruger, Paul; Robinson, Bruce

1994-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

353

HILL: The High-Intensity Laser Laboratory Core Team's Reply to Questions from the NNSA Experimental Facilities Panel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Question 1 - The type of physics regimes that HILL can access for weapons studies is quite interesting. The question that arises for the proposal team is what priority does this type of experimental data have versus data that can be obtained with NIF, and Z. How does HILL rank in priority compared to MARIE 1.0 in terms of the experimental data it will provide? We reiterate that isochoric heating experiments to be conducted with HILL are complementary to the high energy density physics experiments at NIF and Z and uniquely access states of matter that neither other facility can access. It is our belief that HILL will enable several important questions, e.g., as related to mix morphology, radiation transfer from corrugated surfaces, and equations of state, to be run to ground through carefully diagnosed, 'unit-physics' experiments. Such experiments will substantially improve confidence in our computer models and provide a rigorous science basis for certification. Question 2 - A secondary question relates to the interests of LLNL and SNL in the physics that HILL can address. This should be spelled out clearly. I would like to see the other labs be part of the discussion regarding how important this capability would be if built. Both sister Labs have a keen interest in the physics enabled by high-intensity, high-energy lasers, as evinced by the Z Petawatt and NIF ARC upgrades to their signature facilities. LANL scientists have teamed with scientists from both Laboratories in high-intensity laser 'first experiments' envisioned for HILL and we fully intend to continue these profitable discussions going forward. In the preparation of the HILL proposal, feedback was solicited from the broader HEDP and weapons science communities. The consensus view was that HILL filled a critical gap and that there was a need for a facility like HILL to address outstanding questions in weapons science. It was recognized that co-location of HILL with a facility such as MaRIE 1.0, Z, NIF, or Omega may offer additional advantages and we would expect these to be explored and evaluated during the CD process. Question 3 - A laser/optics experts group should review this proposal to ensure the level of R&D is reasonable to provide a sufficient chance of success (>50%). In the preparation of the HILL proposal, we sent our proposal and cost estimates to laser designers/scientists across the complex. Though risks were identified with our design, the prevailing view of those we engaged was that the risks were appropriately represented by the TRL levels assigned and that the enabling R&D planned in our proposal was adequate for risk mitigation. Question 4 - More data and peer review is needed from its sister facilities around the world. It is our specific intent to conduct both scientific and technical workshops with the user community if the High Intensity Science field is further encouraged as part of the NNSA Roadmap. Question 5 - Does HILL have to be co-located with MARIE 1.0? Is that feasible from the point of view of TA-53 real estate? Multiple siting options were considered for HILL, including co-location with MaRIE 1.0 (the most cost-effective and flexible option), as well as in a separate, stand-alone building and in a retro-fitted existing building. The cost estimate included these contingencies and candidate locations for HILL in TA-53 were identified. There is actually significant space at TA-53 on the hill in the northeast end of the mesa. Question 6 - What would be the impact on the weapons program if this facility were NOT built? An inability to elucidate aspects of weapons science in the dense plasma regime and validate computer models for same. This will lead to reduced confidence in the computer tools used for certification. Question 7 - Will HILL allow some of the x-ray vulnerability studies proposed by SPARC? If so what does Sandia's vulnerability group think of this method versus SPARC. It is possible that some of the scope envisioned for SPARC could be achieved on HILL, although likely that the energy produced at HILL not bei

Albright, B J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

354

The use of narrative during the Clarence Thomas-Anita Hill hearings October 11, 12, 13, 1991  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE USE OF NARRATIVE DURING THE CLARENCE THOMAS-ANITA HILL HEARINGS OCTOBER 11, 12, 13, 1991 A Thesis by MARILEE WILLSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of' Master of Arts August 1993 Major Subject: Speech Communication THE USE OF NARRATIVE DUING THE CLARENCE THOMAS-ANITA HILL HEARINGS OCTOBER 1 1 ~ 12 ' 13 g 1991 A Thesis by MARILEE WILLSON Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial...

Willson, Marilee

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Amer J of Potato Res (2006) 83:249-257 249 Furrow vs Hill Planting of Sprinkler-Irrigated Russet Burbank  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Amer J of Potato Res (2006) 83:249-257 249 Furrow vs Hill Planting of Sprinkler-Irrigated Russet Burbank Potatoes on Coarse-Textured Soils Dean D. Steele1 *, Richard G. Greenland2 , and Harlene M Surface water runoff from the hill, where potatoes are planted, to the furrow may exacerbate potato

Steele, Dean D.

356

Bioreduction of Fe-bearing clay minerals and their reactivity toward pertechnetate (Tc-99)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

99Technetium (99Tc) is a fission product of uranium-235 and plutonium-239 and poses a high environmental hazard due to its long half-life (t1/2 = 2.13 x 105 y), abundance in nuclear wastes, and environmental mobility under oxidizing conditions [i.e., Tc(VII)]. Under reducing conditions, Tc(VII) can be reduced to insoluble Tc(IV). Ferrous iron [Fe(II)], either in aqueous form or in mineral form, has been used to reduce Tc(VII) to Tc(IV). However, the reactivity of Fe(II) from clay minerals, other than nontronite, toward immobilization of Tc(VII) and its role in retention of reduced Tc(IV) have not been investigated. In this study the reactivity of a suite of clay minerals toward Tc(VII) reduction and immobilization was evaluated. The clay minerals chosen for this study included five members in the smectite-illite (S-I) series, (montmorillonite, nontronite, rectorite, mixed layered I-S, and illite), chlorite, and palygorskite. Fe-oxides were removed from these minerals with a modified dithionite-citrate-bicarbonate (DCB) procedure. The total Fe content of these clay minerals, after Fe-oxide removal, ranged from 0.7 to 30.4% by weight, and the Fe(III)/Fe(total) ratio ranged from 44.9 to 98.5%. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and MŲssbauer spectroscopy results showed that after Fe oxide removal the clay minerals were free of Fe-oxides. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed that little dissolution occurred during the DCB treatment. Bioreduction experiments were performed in bicarbonate buffer (pH-7) with Fe(III) in the clay minerals as the sole electron acceptor, lactate as the sole electron donor, and Shewanella Putrifaciens CN32 cells as mediators. In select tubes, anthraquinone-2,6-disulfate (AQDS) was added as electron shuttle to facilitate electron transfer. The extent of Fe(III) bioreduction was the highest for chlorite (~43 wt%) and the lowest for palygorskite (~4.17 wt%). In the S-I series, NAu-2 was the most reducible (~31 %) and illite the least (~0.4 %). The extent and initial rate of bioreduction were positively correlated with the percent smectite in the S-I series (i.e., layer expandability). Fe(II) in the bioreduced clay minerals subsequently was used to reduce Tc(VII) to Tc(IV) in PIPES buffer. Similar to the trend of bioreduction, in the S-I series, reduced smectite showed the highest reactivity toward Tc(VII), and reduced illite exhibited the least. The initial rate of Tc(VII) reduction, after normalization to clay and Fe(II) concentrations, was positively correlated with the percent smectite in the S-I series. Fe(II) in chlorite and palygorskite was also reactive toward Tc(VII) reduction. These data demonstrate that crystal chemical parameters (layer expandability, Fe and Fe(II) contents, and surface area etc.) play important roles in controlling the extent and rate of bioreduction and the reactivity toward Tc(VII) reduction. Reduced Tc(IV) resides within clay mineral matrix, and this association could minimize any potential of reoxidation over long term.

Bishop, Michael E.; Dong, Hailiang; Kukkadapu, Ravi K.; Liu, Chongxuan; Edelmann, Richard E.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

A new class of non-zeolitic sorbents for air separations: Lithium ion exchanged pillared clays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Zeolites are the only known sorbents that adsorb N{sub 2} selectively over O{sub 2}, and are used for industrial air separation. Pillared clays (PILCs) have a high Broensted acidity (k.e., high proton density). It is found in this study that when the protons are exchanged by alkali metal ions, in particular Li{sup +}, the ion exchanged pillared clays can exhibit a high N{sub 2}/O{sub 2} adsorption selectivity that rivals that of the zeolites. The first result shows a pure-component adsorption ratio of N{sub 2}/O{sub 2} = 3.2 (at 25 C and 1 atm) for Li{sup +}-exchanged PILC. The N{sub 2} capacity, however, is only 20% that of the zeolite, and remains to be improved. A systematic investigation is conducted on the effects of three factors on the N{sub 2}/O{sub 2} selectivity: (1) starting clays (tetrahedral vs octahedral isomorphous substitution and clays with different charge densities), (2) different metal oxides as pillars, and (3) different ion exchange alkali metal cations (Li{sup +}, Na{sup +}, K{sup +}, Rb{sup +}, and Cs{sup +}). The highest N{sub 2}/O{sub 2} selectivities are achieved by using clays with the highest charge densities, metal oxides forming pillars with the narrowest gallery spaces, and ion exchange cations with the smallest ionic radii. Effects by all three factors are qualitatively understood. The high N{sub 2}/O{sub 2} selectivity on the Li{sup +} exchanged PILC is the result of the small ionic radius (and hence high polarizing power) of Li{sup +} and the strong quadrupole moment of the N{sub 2} molecule. Moreover, a technique is developed with which the amount of the exchanged cations can exceed that allowed by the original cation exchange capacity of the clay by using a high pH value in the ion exchange solution.

Cheng, L.S.; Yang, R.T. [State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Mitigation action plan sale of Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 (Elk Hills) Kern County, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 (NPR-1, also called {open_quotes}Elk Hills{close_quotes}), a Federally-owned oil and gas production field in Kern County, California, was created by an Executive Order issued by President Taft on September 2, 1912. He signed another Executive Order on December 13, 1912, to establish Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 2 (NPR-2), located immediately south of NPR-1 and containing portions of the town of Taft, California. NPR-1 was not developed until the 1973-74 oil embargo demonstrated the nation`s vulnerability to oil supply interruptions. Following the embargo, Congress passed the Naval Petroleum Reserves Production Act of 1976 which directed that the reserve be explored and developed to its fall economic potential at the {open_quotes}maximum efficient rate{close_quotes} (MER) of production. Since Elk Hills began full production in 1976, it has functioned as a commercial operation, with total revenues to the Federal government through FY 1996 of $16.4 billion, compared to total exploration, development and production costs of $3.1 billion. In February 1996, Title 34 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (P.L. 104-106), referred to as the Elk Hills Sales Statute, directed the Secretary of Energy to sell NPR-1 by February 10, 1998.The Secretary was also directed to study options for enhancing the value of the other Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserve properties such as NPR-2, located adjacent to NPR-1 in Kern County- Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3 (NPR-3) located in Natrona County, Wyoming; Naval Oil Shale Reserves No. 1 and No. 3 (NOSR-1 and NOSR-3) located in Garfield County, Colorado; and Naval Oil Shale Reserve No. 2 (NOSR-2) located in Uintah and Carbon Counties, Utah. The purpose of these actions was to remove the Federal government from the inherently non-Federal function of operating commercial oil fields while making sure that the public would obtain the maximum value from the reserves.

NONE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

FEASIBILITY OF WIND TO SERVE UPPER SKAGIT'S BOW HILL TRIBAL LANDS AND FEASIBILITY UPDATE FOR RESIDENTIAL RENEWABLE ENERGY.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A two year wind resource assessment was conducted to determine the feasibility of developing a community scale wind generation system for the Upper Skagit Indian Tribe?s Bow Hill land base, and the project researched residential wind resource technologies to determine the feasibility of contributing renewable wind resource to the mix of energy options for our single and multi-family residential units.

RICH, LAUREN

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

360

Final Report to the Joseph Hill Foundation: Calorespirometry: a novel approach to predicting energy requirements of greenhouse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Final Report to the Joseph Hill Foundation: Calorespirometry: a novel approach to predicting energy January 24, 2008 Greenhouse heating requires considerable energy for nearly all greenhouse flower crops. The combination of high energy costs and strong competition has caused a number of flower growers to go out

Lieth, J. Heinrich

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Exploring links between physical and probabilistic models of volcanic eruptions: The Soufrie`re Hills Volcano, Montserrat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

] Probabilistic methods play an increasingly important role in volcanic hazards forecasts. Here we show stiffening and gas exsolution, and depressurization due to development of permeability and gas escape. Our experience with the Soufrie`re Hills Volcano eruption sequence suggests that volcanic eruption forecasts

Connor, Charles

362

Water content of 1997 vulcanian pumices at Soufriere Hills Volcano (Montserrat) and implications on pre-eruptive conduit conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water content of 1997 vulcanian pumices at Soufriere Hills Volcano (Montserrat) and implications of the eruptive products. We used quantitative analysis of water content in residual glasses (matrix glass. To better link water content to structural level, we performed new water solubility experiments at low

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

363

148 USDA Forest Service RMRS-P-53CD. 2008. The Hill Plots: A Rare Long-Term  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of soil types and elevations. Materials associated with the Hill plots in- clude historical data, plant, historical personnel who worked on them, threats they have experienced, ecological insights they haveCoconinoNationalForest(J.Rolf,pers.comm.).Codes:PB=prescribed burn;PCT=pre-commercialthinning;PL=power/phonelinebuiltt

364

The Impact of Coastal Boundaries and Small Hills on the Precipitation Distribution across Southern Connecticut and Long Island, New York  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Connecticut and Long Island, New York BRIAN A. COLLE Institute for Terrestrial and Planetary Atmospheres simulations of moist airflow over 400-m hills (Bader and Roach 1977). Precipitation enhancement over Pennsylvania (Barros and Ku- Corresponding author address: Dr. Brian A. Colle, Marine Sci- ences Research

Yuter, Sandra

365

Long-term modeling of glass waste in portland cement- and clay-based matrices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A set of ``templates`` was developed for modeling waste glass interactions with cement-based and clay-based matrices. The templates consist of a modified thermodynamic database, and input files for the EQ3/6 reaction path code, containing embedded rate models and compositions for waste glass, cement, and several pozzolanic materials. Significant modifications were made in the thermodynamic data for Th, Pb, Ra, Ba, cement phases, and aqueous silica species. It was found that the cement-containing matrices could increase glass corrosion rates by several orders of magnitude (over matrixless or clay matrix systems), but they also offered the lowest overall solubility for Pb, Ra, Th and U. Addition of pozzolans to cement decreased calculated glass corrosion rates by up to a factor of 30. It is shown that with current modeling capabilities, the ``affinity effect`` cannot be trusted to passivate glass if nuclei are available for precipitation of secondary phases that reduce silica activity.

Stockman, H.W.; Nagy, K.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Morris, C.E. [Wollongong Univ., NSW (Australia). Dept. of Civil and Mining Engineering

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Investigations of Near-Field Thermal-Hydrologic-Mechanical-Chemical Models for Radioactive Waste Disposal in Clay/Shale Rock  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Clay/shale has been considered as potential host rock for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste throughout the world, because of its low permeability, low diffusion coefficient, high retention capacity for radionuclides, and capability to self-seal fractures. For example, Callovo-Oxfordian argillites at the Bure site, France (Fouche et al., 2004), Toarcian argillites at the Tournemire site, France (Patriarche et al., 2004), Opalinus Clay at the Mont Terri site, Switzerland (Meier et al., 2000), and Boom clay at the Mol site, Belgium (Barnichon and Volckaert, 2003) have all been under intensive scientific investigation (at both field and laboratory scales) for understanding a variety of rock properties and their relationships to flow and transport processes associated with geological disposal of radioactive waste. Figure 1-1 presents the distribution of clay/shale formations within the USA.

Liu, H.H.; Li, L.; Zheng, L.; Houseworth, J.E.; Rutqvist, J.

2011-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

367

Micromorphology and Stable Isotope Geochemistry of Historical Pedogenic Siderite Formed in PAH-Contaminated Alluvial Clay Soils, Tennessee, USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alluvial clay soil samples from six boreholes advanced to depths of 400Ė450 cm (top of limestone bedrock) from the Chattanooga Coke Plant (CCP) site were examined micromorphologically and geochemically in order to determine if pedogenic siderite (Fe...

Driese, S.G.; Ludvigson, Greg A.; Roberts, Jennifer A.; Fowle, David A.; Gonzalez, Luis A.; Smith, Jon Jay; Vulava, V.M.; McKay, L.D.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Molecular dynamics simulation of complex molecules at interfaces: dendritic surfactants in clay and amyloid peptides near lipid bilayers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We apply a molecular dynamics (MD) simulation technique to complex molecules at interfaces. Partitioning of dendritic surfactants into clay gallery and Ab protein behavior near hydrated lipids are chosen for the purpose. Using a full atomistic model...

Han, Kunwoo

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

369

Detailed mineralogical characterization of the Bullfrog and Tram members USW-G1, with emphasis on clay mineralogy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The detailed mineralogy of the Bullfrog and Tram Members of the Crater Flat Tuff from drill hole USW-G1 has been examined, primarily to characterize fully the amounts and types of clay minerals in the tuffs and the possible effects clay minerals have on rock properties. Results of bulk sample x-ray diffraction analyses agree closely with previous determinations, although slightly higher clay mineral contents were found in this study. X-ray diffraction analysis of fine fractions revealed that the clay minerals in the tuffs are sodium-saturated montmorillonite-beidellites with typical layer charges and no high-charge layers. These smectites are found in virtually all samples of the Bullfrog and Tram, and there is no correlation between the amounts of smectites and the amounts of zeolite, quartz, and feldspar. Smectites are present in both welded and nonwelded horizons and are scarce in some zones with slight-to-absent welding.

Bish, D.L.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Geology and kinematics of a clay-rich landslide with an undulatory slip surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in thickness from 1 to 3 meters, and exhibits an i. rregular channel geometry, largely controlled by bedrock inhomogeneity in a structurally complex Franciscan terrain (highly deformed clay- shale). In map view, the landslide has an "hourglass" configuration... internal deformation. Maximum slide mass thicken- ing of 30-40y is associated with the basal step. Lithologic variations within the slide mass (i. e. erratic distribution of a sandy gravel unit) do not affect the steady-state profile, which is largely...

Lantz, James Robert

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Identification of Pore Structure and Clay Content from Seismic Data within an Argillaceous Sandstone Reservoir  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IDENTIFICATION OF PORE STRUCTURE AND CLAY CONTENT FROM SEISMIC DATA WITHIN AN ARGILLACEOUS SANDSTONE RESERVOIR A Thesis by ROBERT LELAND SCHELSTRATE Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies of Texas A&M University... Ds Compressibility of the rock matrix Dd Compressibility of the dry rock frame Df Compressibility of the pore-filling fluid F, FK Frame flexibility factors kd Bulk modulus of dry rock Ks Bulk modulus of the rock...

Schelstrate, Robert

2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

372

Kinetics of Mixed Ni-Al Precipitate Formation on a Soil Clay Fraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kinetics of Mixed Ni-Al Precipitate Formation on a Soil Clay Fraction D A R R Y L R . R O B E R Management Laboratory, Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland The kinetics of mixed Ni-Al Ni- Al LDH formation. The initial Ni concentration was 3 mM with a solid/solution ratio of 10 g L-1

Sparks, Donald L.

373

Preliminary design of drilled shafts in clay for supporting precast panel retaining walls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Leon Holloway, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Harry M. Coyle The behavior of a laterally loaded drilled shaft in clay has been investigated by conducting a second lateral load test on an instrumented shaft. For each... increment of the applied lateral load, the shaft: rota- tion, the soil resistance, and the lateral deflection were measured. The soil resistance along the shaft was measured using a series of pneumatic pressure cells. The lateral deflection was measured...

Holloway, George Leon

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

On grouting using a suspension of ultrafine clay on artificially cracked rock samples  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently there has been increasing social interest in the effective disposal of low-level radioactive wastes. The use of underground rock caverns is considered as a possible repository space. This paper presents a new grouting method which uses a suspension of liquefied ultrafine clay in fractured rock masses. In order to demonstrate the effect to block open cracks, two experiments were carried out on large-sized granite samples with open cracks. The experiments proved the method to be highly effective.

Ito, Y.; Sakaguchi, T.; Nishiyama, K. [Kumagai Gumi Co., Ltd., Tokyo (Japan). Nuclear and Energy Dept.; Fujiwara, A. [Radioactive Waste Management Center, Tokyo (Japan). Second Research Div.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

375

Compositional characteristics of the Fire Clay coal bed in a portion of eastern Kentucky  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fire Clay (Hazard No. 4) coal bed (Middle Pennsylvanian Breathitt Formation) is one of the most extensively mined coal in eastern Kentucky. The coal is used for metallurgical and steam end uses and, with its low sulfur content, should continue to be a prime steam coal. This study focuses on the petrology, mineralogy, ash geochemistry, and palynology of the coal in an eight 7.5-min quadrangle area of Leslie, Perry, Knott, and Letcher counties.

Hower, J.C.; Andrews, W.M. Jr.; Rimmer, S.M. (Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington (United States)); Eble, C.F. (Kentucky Geological Survey, Lexington (United States))

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Water quality in the vicinity of Fenton Hill: Progress report, 1983 and 1984  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water quality data have been collected since 1974 from established surface and groundwater stations at and in the vicinity of Fenton Hill (Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Demonstration Site) located in the Jemez Mountains. This is part of a continued program of environmental studies. There has been a slight variation in chemical quality of water from the surface and groundwater stations; however, these variations are within normal seasonal fluctuations. Water supply at the site is pumped from the aquifer in the Abiquiu Tuff. Cumulative production from 1976 through 1984 has been 41.5 x 10/sup 6/ gal. The water level in the supply well declined from 365 ft in 1976 to 379 ft in 1984.

Purtymun, W.D.; Ferenbaugh, R.W.; Becker, N.M.; Williams, M.C.; Maes, M.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 (Elk Hills): Supplemental environmental impact statement. Record of decision  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pursuant to the Council on Environmental Quality regulations, which implement the procedural provisions of the National Environmental Policy Act, and the US Department of Energy National Environmental Policy Act regulations, the Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy, is issuing a Record of Decision on the continued operation of Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1, Kern County, California. The Department of Energy has decided to continue current operations at Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 and implement additional well drilling, facility development projects and other activities necessary for continued production of Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 in accordance with the requirements of the Naval Petroleum Reserves Production Act of 1976. The final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement, entitled ``Petroleum Production at Maximum Efficient Rate, Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 (Elk Hills), Kern County, California (DOE/SEIS-0158),`` was released on September 3, 1993.

Not Available

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Television interference measurements near the MOD-2 WT array at Goodnoe Hills, Washington  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electromagnetic interference to television reception caused by the MOD-2 wind turbine (WT) array at Goodnoe Hills, Washington, was studied by means of detailed measurements at a number of test sites in the vicinity of the WT array. The commercial television signals available in the area were used as the radio frequency sources during the measurements. The dynamic measurements indicated that varying amounts of TVI were produced at all sites and on some or all of the available TV channels; with the directional antenna in use, most of the backward region interference produced video distortion that was judged to be acceptable; at one test location about 1-1/2 miles from the WT array site, forward region interference was observed; when the blades of the WTs rotate in synchronism, they tend to increase the amplitude of the interference pulses, thereby producing more TVI effects; and when the blades do not rotate in synchronism, each WT produces interference effects individually.

Sengupta, D L; Senior, T B.A.; Ferris, J E

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Measurement of airborne fission products in Chapel Hill, NC, USA from the Fukushima I reactor accident  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present measurements of airborne fission products in Chapel Hill, NC, USA, from 62 days following the March 11, 2011, accident at the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant. Airborne particle samples were collected daily in air filters and radio-assayed with two high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors. The fission products I-131 and Cs-137 were measured with maximum activities of 4.2 +/- 0.6 mBq/m^2 and 0.42 +/- 0.07 mBq/m^2 respectively. Additional activity from I-131, I-132, Cs-134, Cs-136, Cs-137 and Te-132 were measured in the same air filters using a low-background HPGe detector at the Kimballton Underground Research Facility (KURF).

MacMullin, S; Green, M P; Henning, R; Holmes, R; Vorren, K; Wilkerson, J F

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Fine particle clay catalysts for coal liquefaction. Quarterly technical progress report, November 9, 1991--February 8, 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The investigation of methods for the production and testing of iron-pillared clay catalysts was continued in this quarter. The surface area of the mixed alumina/iron pillared clay catalyst decreased to 51 m{sup 2}/g on sulfidation. Thus the stability of the alumina pillars during the sulfidation and thermal treatments prevented the total collapse that occurred in the case of the iron-pillared clays. Previously the mixed alumina/iron pillared clays were tested for hydrocracking activities with bibenzyl. This testing was extended to a determination of activity with a second model compound substrate (pyrene), representative of the polynuclear aromatic systems present in coal. Testing of the mixed alumina/iron-pillared catalysts with 1-methylnaphthalene gave interesting results that demonstrate shape selectivity. The clay-supported iron hydroxyoxide catalysts prepared by impregnation of iron species on acidic clays were further investigated. Sulfidation of these catalysts using the carbon disulfide in situ method gave hydrocracking activities with bibenzyl that were somewhat less than those obtained by presulfidation with H{sub 2}/H{sub 2}S mixtures. Liquefaction of Wyodak subbituminous coal was very successful with the iron impregnated clay catalyst, giving a highly soluble product. High conversions were also obtained with the mixed alumina/iron-pillared clay catalyst, but the yield of oil-solubles was considerably lower. Several new catalysts were synthesized with the idea of decreasing the pillar density and thereby increasing the micropore volume. These catalysts were prepared by first pillaring with an organic ammonium pillaring agent, then introducing a lower number of silica or alumina pillars. Finally the iron component was added either before or after thermal removal of organic pillars.

Olson, E.S.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Authigenic clay minerals in sandstones of the Delaware Mountain Group: Bell Canyon and Cherry Canyon Formations, Waha Field, West Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AUTHIGENIC CLAY MINERALS IN SANDSTONES OF THE DELAWARE MOUNTAIN GROUP: BELL CANYON AND CHERRY CANYON FORMATIONS, WAHA FIELD, WEST TEXAS A Thesis by SUZETTE DENISE WALLING Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject: Geology AUTHIGENIC CLAY MINERALS IN SANDSTONES OF THE DELAWARE MOUNTAIN GROUP: BELL CANYON AND CHERRY CANYON FORMATIONS, WAHA FIELD, WEST TEXAS...

Walling, Suzette Denise

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Preparation of anionic clay-birnessite manganese oxide composites by interlayer oxidation of oxalate ions by permanganate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oxalate intercalated anionic clay-like nickel zinc hydroxysalt was obtained starting from nickel zinc hydroxyacetate, Ni{sub 3}Zn{sub 2}(OH){sub 8}(OAc){sub 2}{center_dot}2H{sub 2}O, by anion exchange. The intercalated oxalate species was reacted with potassium permanganate in such a way that the layered manganese oxide formed was within the interlayer region of the anionic clay resulting in a layered composite in which the negative charges on the birnessite type manganese oxide layers compensate the positive charges on the anionic clay layers. Birnessite to anionic clay ratio could be varied by varying the reaction time or the amount of potassium permanganate used. - Graphical abstract: Nickel zinc hydroxyoxalate was reacted with potassium permanganate to get nickel zinc hydroxide birnessite composites in which the positive charges on the hydroxide layers are neutralized by the negative charges on birnessite layers. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Anionic and cationic layered solid composites prepared. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ni-Zn hydroxyoxalate reacted with KMnO{sub 4} to deposit MnO{sub 2} in the interlayer. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Birnessite layers coexist with anionic clay layers in the composites. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Birnessite/anionic clay ratio controlled by amount of KMnO{sub 4} used and reaction time.

Arulraj, James [Materials Research Group, Department of Chemistry, St. Joseph's College, 36 Langford Road, Bangalore 560 027 (India)] [Materials Research Group, Department of Chemistry, St. Joseph's College, 36 Langford Road, Bangalore 560 027 (India); Rajamathi, Michael, E-mail: mikerajamathi@rediffmail.com [Materials Research Group, Department of Chemistry, St. Joseph's College, 36 Langford Road, Bangalore 560 027 (India)] [Materials Research Group, Department of Chemistry, St. Joseph's College, 36 Langford Road, Bangalore 560 027 (India)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

383

Ergopeptine Alkaloid Production by Endophytes in a Common Tall Fescue Genotype iN. s. Hill,* W.A. Parrott, and D. D. Pope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ergopeptine Alkaloid Production by Endophytes in a Common Tall Fescue Genotype iN. s. Hill,* W the plantwithaddedvigor,developmentof endophyte-infectedtall fescuepopulationsthatareincapableof producingergopeptineal thatwasinfectedbytwodifferentendophyteisolatesthatexpress differentlevels of alkaloidswhenin theirhostplants.Endophyte- free tall fescueGenotypePDN2

Parrott, Wayne

384

mail: Sitterson Hall CB3175, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3175; phone: (919) 962-1700; email: lastname@cs.unc.edu.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mail: Sitterson Hall CB3175, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3175; phone: (919) 962-1700; email: lastname and to swim around as the user moves. In a 1986 paper on Adaptive Refinement, Bergman, Fuchs, Grant, and Spach

Bishop, Gary

385

The use of logistic regression to model the probability of oak wilt occurrence in the Texas hill country using forest stand and site characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE USE OF LOGISTIC REGRESSION TO MODEL THE PROBABILITY OF OAK MILT OCCURRENCE IN THE TEXAS HILL COUNTRY USING FOREST STAND AND SITE CHARACTERISTICS A Thesis by DAVID RORY DIGNUM Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas Afdi University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1988 Maj or Subj cot: Forestry THE USE OF LOGISTIC REGRESSION TO MODEL THE PROBABILITY OF OAK WILT OCCURRENCE IN THE TEXAS HILL COUNTRY USING FOREST STAND AND SITE...

Dignum, David Rory

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

386

Pillared clays as superior catalysts for selective catalytic reduction of nitric oxide. Second semiannual report, 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the first six months of the program, the work has progressed as planned. We have constructed a reactor system and assembled all laboratory essentials for conducting the three-year project. First, the catalytic activities of the Cu(2+) ion exchanged alumina-pillared clay for the selective catalytic reduction of NO by ethylene were measured. The temperature range was 250-500{degrees}C. The activities of this catalyst were substantially higher than the catalyst that has been extensively studied in the literature, Cu-ZSM-5. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to study the acidity of the catalyst. The second part of the work was an in-depth FTIR study of the NO decomposition mechanism on the catalyst. This was planned as the first and the key step to obtain an understanding of the reaction mechanism. Key surface intermediates were identified from the FTIR spectra, and a redox type Eley-Rideal mechanism was proposed for the NO decomposition on this catalyst. This report will be divided into two parts. In Part One, we report results on the catalytic activities of the Cu-alumina-pillared clay and a direct comparison with other known catalysts. In Part two, we focus on the FTIR study and from the results, we propose a NO decomposition mechanism on this new catalyst. Plans for the next six months include tests of different pillared clays as well as the catalytic mechanism. The micro reactor will continue to be the key equipment for measuring the catalytic activities. FTIR will continue to be the major technique for identifying surface species and hence understanding the reaction mechanism.

Yang, R.T.; Li, W.B.; Sirilumpen, M.; Tharapiwattananon, N.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Remediation of a fractured clay soil contaminated with gasoline containing MTBE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gasoline and other light non-aqueous phase liquids (LNAPLs) released into fractured clay soils initially move by advection of the LNAPL through the fractures. Once advective movement of the LNAPL ceases, dissolution of the gasoline components into the pore water and diffusion into the intact blocks of clay becomes an important transport process. The aqueous-phase flux of each compound in the mixture depends in large part upon its aqueous solubility. For example, a low-solubility compound like isooctane remains primarily in the fracture in the LNAPL. A high-solubility compound, like methyl-tert-butyl ether (MTBE), dissolves readily and may move almost entirely into the clay matrix. The distribution of compounds between the matrix and the fractures will have an important impact on the rate at which the gasoline contaminated soil can be remediated. In this context, the presence of soluble additives like MTBE can significantly impact the risk and remediation time for the, soil. Beginning in 1993 a field study to examine the applicability of air flushing for remediation of low-permeability soils was sponsored by API. The study focused on a variety of soil vapor extraction (SVE) and in situ air sparging (IAS) approaches for mass removal and risk reduction. The source of gasoline contamination in this study was a release of 50 liters of a mixture containing 14 gasoline hydrocarbons ranging from pentane to naphthalene, and including MTBE. The mixture was released into the shallow subsurface and allowed to redistribute for 10 months prior to air flushing startup. Numerical modeling indicated that essentially all of the MTBE should have dissolved into the matrix. In contrast, essentially all of the isooctane should have remained in the LNAPL in the fractures.

Johnson, R.L.; Grady, D.E. [Oregon Graduate Institute, Portland, OR (United States); Walden, T. [BP Oil Europe, Brussels (Belgium)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

388

Evaluation of X-ray Diffraction of Bit Cuttings as a Proxy for Core Data in Determining Bulk Mineralogy and Clay Species, Bakken Formation, Williston Basin.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The principal question addressed in this study concerns the applicability of x-ray diffractometry to determine bulk rock mineralogy and clay species in the absence ofÖ (more)

Barnes, Stuart Lee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Hydrothermal formation of Clay-Carbonate alteration assemblages in the Nili Fossae region of Mars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars (CRISM) has returned observations of the Nili Fossae region indicating the presence of Mg- carbonate in small (carbonate-bearing units. We applied absorption band mapping techniques to investigate a range of possible phyllosilicate and carbonate minerals that could be present in the Nili Fossae region. We also describe a clay-carbonate hydrothermal alteration mineral assemblage in the Archean Warrawoona Group of Western Australia that is a potential Earth analog to the Nili Fossae carbonate-bearing rock units. We discuss the geological and biological implications for hydrothermal processes on Noachian Mars.

Brown, Adrian J; Baldridge, Alice M; Crowley, James K; Bridges, Nathan T; Thomson, Bradley J; Marion, Giles M; Filho, Carlos R de Souza; Bishop, Janice L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Soil damping constants related to common soil properties in sands and clays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the Granular Materials Tested 83 V ITA 88 Vii LIST OP TABLES Table. Results of Tests on Ottawa Sand Page 22 Result. s of Tests on Arkansas Sand 23 Results of Tests on Victoria Sand 24 VI VII Error Resulting from Approximations Study of Void Ratio... Sand Nohr's Circle Diagram for Victoria Sand 65 82 N0TATION The following symbols are used in this study: CE 35 EA 62 EA 60 EA 55 EA 50 fps a viscous damping constant, Eall pit sandy clay at an approximate moisture content of 35 percent...

Gibson, Gary Clive

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Characterization of Geosynthetic Clay Liner Bentonite using Micro-analytical Methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In barrier design, familiarity of the structure and composition of the soil material at the micron scale is necessary for delineating the retention mechanisms of introduced metals, such as the formation of new mineral phases. In this study, the mineralogical and chemical makeup of the bentonite from a geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) was extensively characterized using a combination of conventional benchtop X-ray diffraction (XRD) and micro X-ray diffraction ({mu}XRD) with synchrotron-generated micro X-ray fluorescence ({mu}XRF) elemental mapping and {mu}XRD (S-{mu}XRD). These methods allow for the non-destructive, in situ investigation of a sample, with {micro}m spatial resolution. Synchrotron-based hard X-ray microprobes are specifically advantageous to the study of trace metals due to higher spatial resolution (<10 {micro}m) and higher analytical sensitivity (femtogram detection) than is possible using normal laboratory-based instruments. Minerals comprising less than 5% of the total bentonite sample such as gypsum, goethite and pyrite were identified that were not accessible by other conventional methods for the same GCL bentonite. Two dimensional General Area Diffraction Detector System (GADDS) images proved to be particularly advantageous in differentiating between the microcrystalline clay, which appeared as homogeneous Debye rings, and the 'spotty' or 'grainy' appearance of primary, more-coarsely-crystalline, accessory minerals. For S-{mu}XRD, the tunability of the synchrotron X-rays allowed for efficient distinction of both clay minerals at low scattering angles and in identifying varying Fe oxide minerals at higher angles. GCL samples permeated with metal-bearing mining solutions were also examined in order to consider how mechanisms of metal attenuation may be identified using the same techniques. In addition to the cation exchange capacity from the montmorillonite clay, tests showed how minerals comprising only 1-2% of the bentonite such as goethite could potentially play a significant role in sequestering a range of metals, specifically Ni, Zn and Cu.

Lange, K.; Rowe, R; Jamieson, H; Flemming, R; Lanzirotti, A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

The sensitivity of rock mechanical properties to the method by which the clay volume is determined  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were studied. At At ~ Rv s o form with Rv by the Voigt average technique'' form n Rv ( V xRv xW form i 1 i i i ~ . (7) or with Rv by the Reuse average technique'' form n 1/Rvf $ V xWi Rvi form . . (8) Shear Wave Travel Time Model Determination...'or the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE AUGUST 1986 Major Subject: petroleum Engineering THE SENSITIVITY OF ROCK MECHANICAL PROPERTIES TO THE METHOD BY WHICH THE CLAY VOLUME IS DETERMINED A Thesis by HENRY ALEXANDER IVEY Approved as to style and content by...

Ivey, Henry Alexander

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Significance of the microstructure of Pacific red clays to nuclear waste disposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Tieh (member) Richard H. Bennett (member) Rober t O. Reid (Head oi' Department) Richard Rezak (member) August 1987 ABSTRACT The Significance of' the Micr ostr uctur e of Pacif'ic Red Clays to Nuclear Waste Disposal. (August 1987) Patti Jo..., 1966) B and C:"Stepped (FF) face-to -face" (Smalley and Cabrera, 1969). V' Chain of stepped face-to- face and (EE) edge-to-edge particles (O' Brien, 1971). "Turbostratic" structure (Aylmore and Quirked 1960). /7 Figure 2, Particle r le ar...

Burkett, Patti Jo

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Clay Sell Sworn in as Deputy Secretary of Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste andAccessCO2 Injection Begins8:Energy Chu Issues CallBulletinClay

395

Deputy Secretary of Energy Clay Sell to Depart | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealingVehicle Battery Plant | DepartmentPreparedNuclearClay Sell

396

Summary of Degas II performance at the US Strategic Petroleum Reserve Big Hill site.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Crude oil stored at the US Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) requires mitigation procedures to maintain oil vapor pressure within program delivery standards. Crude oil degasification is one effective method for lowering crude oil vapor pressure, and was implemented at the Big Hill SPR site from 2004-2006. Performance monitoring during and after degasification revealed a range of outcomes for caverns that had similar inventory and geometry. This report analyzed data from SPR degasification and developed a simple degas mixing (SDM) model to assist in the analysis. Cavern-scale oil mixing during degassing and existing oil heterogeneity in the caverns were identified as likely causes for the range of behaviors seen. Apparent cavern mixing patterns ranged from near complete mixing to near plug flow, with more mixing leading to less efficient degassing due to degassed oil re-entering the plant before 100% of the cavern oil volume was processed. The report suggests that the new cavern bubble point and vapor pressure regain rate after degassing be based on direct in-cavern measurements after degassing as opposed to using the plant outlet stream properties as a starting point, which understates starting bubble point and overstates vapor pressure regain. Several means to estimate the cavern bubble point after degas in the absence of direct measurement are presented and discussed.

Rudeen, David K. (GRAM, Inc., Albuquerque, NM); Lord, David L.

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

ICFT: An initial closed-loop flow test of the Fenton Hill Phase II HDR reservoir  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 30-day closed-loop circulation test of the Phase II Hot Dry Rock reservoir at Fenton Hill, New Mexico, was conducted to determine the thermal, hydraulic, chemical, and seismic characteristics of the reservoir in preparation for a long-term energy-extraction test. The Phase II heat-extraction loop was successfully tested with the injection of 37,000 m/sup 3/ of cold water and production of 23,300 m/sup 3/ of hot water. Up to 10 MW/sub t/ was extracted when the production flow rate reached 0.0139 m/sup 3//s at 192/degree/C. By the end of the test, the water-loss rate had decreased to 26% and a significant portion of the injected water was recovered; 66% during the test and an additional 20% during subsequent venting. Analysis of thermal, hydraulic, geochemical, tracer, and seismic data suggests the fractured volume of the reservoir was growing throughout the test. 19 refs., 64 figs., 19 tabs.

Dash, Z.V. (ed.); Aguilar, R.G.; Dennis, B.R.; Dreesen, D.S.; Fehler, M.C.; Hendron, R.H.; House, L.S.; Ito, H.; Kelkar, S.M.; Malzahn, M.V.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Population Characteristics and Seasonal Movement Patterns of the Rattlesnake Hills Elk Herd - Status Report 2000  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Population characteristics of the Rattlesnake Hills elk herd indicate reduced herd growth rates from the 1980s compared to the 1990s (McCorquodale 1988; Eberhardt 1996). However, the population continued to grow approximately 25% annually through the 1990s, reaching a high of 838 animals in summer 1999. Calf recruitment rates appear to be cyclic and are likely related to reduced calf survival during the first weeks of life; however, late-term abortions may also have occurred. The cause(s) could be predator-related and/or a function of shifts in nutritional condition (age-class distributions, assuming older-age cows are less likely to recruit calves, major climate shifts) or changes in the human-related disturbances during gestation, and/or calf rearing periods. In fall 1999 and spring 2000, the population was reduced from 838 individuals to 660 individuals. The primary controlling factors were modified hunting seasons on private and state lands and the large-scale roundup conducted in spring 2000. Continued removal of animals (particularly females) within the population will be pivotal to maintain the population at a level that minimizes land damage complaints, animal-vehicle collisions, use of central Hanford areas, and deterioration of natural resources.

Tiller, B.L.; Zufelt, R.K.; Turner, S.; Cadwell, L.L.; Bender, L.; Turner, G.K.

2000-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

399

Observations of wake characteristics at the Goodnoe Hills MOD-2 array  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The array of three MOD-2 wind turbines and two meteorological towers at Goodnoe Hills, Washington, provides an opportunity to evaluate turbine and wake interactions in a real environment. The triangular arrangement of the three turbines provides opportunities to study the effect of wakes on the performance of a downwind turbine at three different distances: 5, 7, and 10 rotor diameters (D), where 1 D is 300 ft. The information obtained from this test configuration is critical to future wind farm activities and is a key objective of the MOD-2 test program. This report describes the analysis of data measured at the turbines and towers from August 29 to November 12, 1982. The data are 2-min averages of 1-s values. Background flow characteristics were also examined to determine if flow variations across the site could mask wake measurements. For this analysis, one year's data gathered at the meteorological towers were analyzed. The results show some differences between characteristics measured at the towers, but these differences were not great enough to consider in evaluating wakes at the towers.

Buck, J.W.; Renne, D.S.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Interface modeling to predict well casing damage for big hill strategic petroleum reserve.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oil leaks were found in well casings of Caverns 105 and 109 at the Big Hill Strategic Petroleum Reserve site. According to the field observations, two instances of casing damage occurred at the depth of the interface between the caprock and top of salt. This damage could be caused by interface movement induced by cavern volume closure due to salt creep. A three dimensional finite element model, which allows each cavern to be configured individually, was constructed to investigate shear and vertical displacements across each interface. The model contains interfaces between each lithology and a shear zone to examine the interface behavior in a realistic manner. This analysis results indicate that the casings of Caverns 105 and 109 failed by shear stress that exceeded shear strength due to the horizontal movement of the top of salt relative to the caprock, and tensile stress due to the downward movement of the top of salt from the caprock, respectively. The casings of Caverns 101, 110, 111 and 114, located at the far ends of the field, are predicted to be failed by shear stress in the near future. The casings of inmost Caverns 107 and 108 are predicted to be failed by tensile stress in the near future.

Ehgartner, Brian L.; Park, Byoung Yoon

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Laboratory simulation of geosynthetic clay liner application in contaminated liquids evacuation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To prevent a contamination of soil and underground water by leaking mineral oil, recovery basins are designed and constructed in Quebec, Canada. The functions of such basins are to collect and to evacuate oil to a drainage and then to a recycled and treatment station. The material presently used for such an application is a concrete. However, due to difficult access to some of the transformers, and to the difficult low temperature conditions, engineers are looking for a new, alternate design idea. In order to evaluate the geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) hydraulic behavior in such applications, a laboratory demonstration test has been conducted. A full-scale model was designed and constructed for the purpose of measuring the rate of water flow through different layers of the proposed system. Mineral oil leaks as well as precipitation were simulated during the research program. The testing consisted of the measurements of mineral oil and water (precipitation) volumes at four levels of the demonstration model, during a period of two months. The results showed that only one percent of precipitated water and leaked mineral oil was collected underneath the geosynthetic clay liner. Further research is recommended on: techniques of seaming of GCLs joints and connections; the minimum acceptance rate of hydration of GCLs for different liquids; an influence of water content of soils on GCLs hydration; and a long term hydraulic compatibility of GCLs with different liquids and leachates.

Mlynarek, J.; Vermeersch, O.G. [Geosynthetics Analysis Service, Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec (Canada); Lemelin, D. [Hydro-Quebec, Montreal, Quebec (Canada)

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Reconstruction and operation of the El Paso Solar Pond with a geosynthetic clay liner system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

After the original XR-5 membrane liner failed in 1992, the El Paso Solar Pond was reconstructed and operated with a geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) system. The solar pond is approximately 3,000 m{sup 2} in surface area, and 3.2 meters deep with a 15{degree} side-wall slope. A new heat extraction system includes 15-cm (6-inch) rubber hoses and two redesigned polypropylene diffusers. A new automated instrumentation system was developed for monitoring pond status. It uses a newly developed scanner combined with a computer for both position control and data logging. The salinity gradient was established using a new scanning method, as opposed to the previously used fixed point method. Fresh water was injected into brine through a newly designed PVC bar shaped diffuser, which scans automatically within preset regions. After two months, the pond bottom reached 80 C and heat extraction began. The performance of the GCL system, characterized by its hydraulic conductivity, has been monitored, and generates the first full scale, elevated temperature data for a GCL system. Preliminary hydraulic conductivity data indicate values comparable with other clay liner systems.

Lu, H.; Swift, A.H.P. [Univ. of Texas, El Paso, TX (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

403

Clay mineralogy and depositional history of the Frio Formation in two geopressured wells, Brazoria County, Texas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Twenty-three shale samples ranging in depth from 5194 ft to 13,246 ft from Gulf Oil Corporation No. 2 Texas State Lease 53034 well and 33 shale samples ranging in depth from 2185 ft to 15,592 ft from General Crude Oil Company/Department of Energy No. 1 Pleasant Bayou well were examined by x-ray techniques to determine the mineralogy of the geopressured zone in the Brazoria Fairway. Both wells have similar weight-percent trends with depth for a portion of the mineralogy. Calcite decreases, and plagioclase, quartz and total clay increase slightly. Within the clays, illite in mixed-layer illite/smectite (I/S) increases and smectite in mixed-layer I/S decreases. Four minerals have distinctly different trends with depth for each well. In the No. 2 Texas State Lease 53034 well, potassium feldspar and mixed-layer I/S decrease, kaolinite increases, and discrete illite is constant. In the No. 1 Pleasant Bayou well, potassium feldspar and kaolinite are constant, mixed-layer I/S increases, and discrete illite decreases.

Freed, R.L.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

The MS-Q Force Field for Clay Minerals: Application to Oil Production Sungu Hwang, Mario Blanco, Ersan Demiralp, Tahir Cagin, and William A. Goddard, III*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in studying oil production chemicals, including corrosion inhibitors,11 scale inhibitors,12 and dissolvers.13 and corrosion inhibition). Among the minerals present in the walls of oil reservoirs, clay minerals are believedThe MS-Q Force Field for Clay Minerals: Application to Oil Production Sungu Hwang, Mario Blanco

√?agin, Tahir

407

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.  

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PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only Turbine Boiler Condense r Process heater PIPII 9 2 3 7 4 fwh #12;

Bahrami, Majid

408

Evaluation of Concurrent Pools Carla Schlatter Ellis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to balance the load and minimize the total parallel runtime. It is important to perform this allocation error in KE89], in Figure 7: the labels on the two curves should be interchanged, so that \\balanced" labels the top curve, and \\unbalanced" labels the bottom curve. References KE89] David Kotz and Carla

Kotz, David

409

CB Richard Ellis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBoston Areais aBurkittsville,Bushyhead,ButtsC &Energy2 -Nano,CB

410

A single hardening elasto-plastic model for Kaolin clay with loading-history-dependent plastic potential function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A single hardening elasto-plastic model for Kaolin clay with loading-history- dependent plastic and failure criteria are found to be strongly dependent on the principal stress rotation angle () and plastic work. A unique plastic potential function determined solely by the current stress state

Prashant, Amit

411

Electrical Properties of SandClay Mixtures Containing Trichloroethylene and Ethanol Jeffery J. Roberts and Dorthe Wildenschild*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrical Properties of Sand­Clay Mixtures Containing Trichloroethylene and Ethanol Jeffery J, and as an ethanol­water mixture (80:20) was flowed through the sample. Resistivity increased by about a factor of 4 as the ethanol mixture replaced the water solution. Nondestructive x-ray imaging of the sample at various stages

Wildenschild, Dorthe

412

Running heading: Bulk density of a clayey subsoil Increase in the bulk density of a Grey Clay subsoil by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Running heading: Bulk density of a clayey subsoil Increase in the bulk density of a Grey Clay of the prisms were coated by material similar in composition to the topsoil and separated from as the profile dries over summer leading to widening of cracks between prismatic peds, (2) infilling of cracks

Boyer, Edmond

413

WRIGHT, MELANIE CLAY. The Effects of Automation on Team Performance and Team Coordination. (Under the direction of David B. Kaber).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT WRIGHT, MELANIE CLAY. The Effects of Automation on Team Performance and Team Coordination of automation in a number of work domains, including team environments. However, assessment of the effects of automation on teamwork has been primarily limited to the aviation domain (comparing early conventional

Kaber, David B.

414

Reflectance of dispersed vitrinite in shales hosting PbZnCu ore deposits in western Cuba: comparison with clay crystallinity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: comparison with clay crystallinity J. Barry Maynard a,*, Erika R. Elswick b , James C. Hower c a Department: maynarjb@uc.edu (J.B. Maynard), eelswick@indiana.edu (E.R. Elswick), hower@caer.uky.edu (J.C. Hower). www

Maynard, J. Barry

415

Stable isotope geochemistry of sulfur bearing minerals and clay mineralogy of some soils and sediments in Loot Desert, central Iran  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and sediments in Loot Desert, central Iran M.H. Farpoor a, , H.R. Krouse b a Soil Sci. Dept., Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar Univ. of Kerman, Kerman, Iran b Department of Physics and Astronomy, the Univ technique and clay mineralogy were studied in different landforms in Loot Desert, central Iran. Four

Ahmad, Sajjad

416

Shrinkage of microaggregates in Brazilian Latosols during drying: significance of the clay content, mineralogy and hydric stress history  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

content, mineralogy and hydric stress history A. REATTOa,b , A. BRUANDb , E. M. SILVAa , R. GU…GANb , I in their particle size distribution and mineralogical composition according to insu-00414419,version1-9Sep2009 to the clay content. Consequently, the mineralogy of the

Paris-Sud XI, Universitť de

417

99 Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Geology Today,Vol. 24, No. 3, MayJune 2008 Clay as sealing material in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

99© Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Geology Today,Vol. 24, No. 3, May­June 2008 FEATURE Feature Clay of the initial uranium or plutonium fuel and the products of their decay. The radioactivity of this mixture for at least a hundred thousand years, when its radioactivity will reach that of natural uranium. The most

Kammer, Thomas

418

Field performance of a geosynthetic clay liner landfill capping system under simulated waste subsidence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A flexible landfill capping system consisting of a 3-D-geocore composite for gas vent, a Geosynthetic Clay Liner (GCL) for sealing and a 3-D-geocore composite for drainage of the vegetation soil was built on a test field at Michelshoehe landfill near Weimar, Germany. At four locations airbags were installed underneath the thin capping system to simulate subsidences. On top of three of these airbags overlaps of the GCL were positioned, for comparison there was no overlap at the fourth location. After hydratation of the GCL the airbags were de-aerated and subsidences occurred with app. 5 % tensile strain in the GCL. For three weeks the test field was intensively sprinkled in intervals. Then horizontal and vertical deformations were measured, but not displacements were registered in the overlaps. The evaluation of the GCL`s permeability showed no significant difference between the locations with and without overlaps.

Weiss, W. [Hochschule fur Architektur und Bauwesen (Germany); Siegmund, M. [Materialforschungs - und, Prufanstalt (Germany); Alexiew, D.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Effects of cyclic loading on internal shear strength of unreinforced geosynthetic clay liner  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Stress-controlled static and cyclic shear tests were performed by using a direct simple shear device on samples of a geomembrane-supported geosynthetic clay liner (GCL). The dry material showed no degradation in shear strength during cyclic loading as long as the peak shear stress was less than the static shear strength of the GCL with no cyclic loading. Furthermore, cyclic loading slightly densified the dry bentonite and thus increased its shear resistance under subsequent static loading. On the other hand, the shear strength of the hydrated GCL was found to be reduced by cyclic loading. The number of cycles to cause failure decreased with increasing cyclic stress ratio (cyclic shear stress divided by undrained static shear strength); at a cyclic stress ratio of 0.67, failure occurred at 32 cycles of loading, but at a cyclic stress ratio of 0.53, failure did not occur until up to 200 cycles of loading.

Lai, J. [Ghaoyang Univ. of Technology, Taichung (Taiwan, Province of China); Daniel, D.E. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering; Wright, S.G. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Hydraulic conductivity testing of geosynthetic clay liners (GCLs) using the constant volume method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydraulic conductivity tests were conducted using open and constant-volume permeation systems on specimens from a geosynthetic clay liner (GCL). Two constant volume (CV) systems were employed: the falling-head constant-volume (FHCV) system and the constant-head constant-volume (CHCV) system. A conventional burette system using pressurized air was employed for the open system (OS) tests. The test results show that hydraulic conductivity tests can be conducted 30 or more times faster with the FHCV and CHCV systems than with an open system. Typically the permeation portion of the FHCV and CHCV tests can be conducted in one-half day. Slightly lower hydraulic conductivities are measured with the CV systems due to the slightly higher effective stress applied during testing with these systems. The CHCV system has several advantages over the FHCV system, including minimizing initial transient behavior, constant applied effective stress during testing, and simpler calculations.

Wang, X.; Benson, C.H.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Mesozoic and Cenozoic structural geology of the CP Hills, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada; and regional implications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Detailed mapping and structural analysis of upper Proterozoic and Paleozoic rocks in the CP Hills of the Nevada Test Site, together with analysis of published maps and cross sections and a reconnaissance of regional structural relations indicate that the CP thrust of Barnes and Poole (1968) actually comprises two separate, oppositely verging Mesozoic thrust systems: (1) the west-vergent CP thrust which is well exposed in the CP Hills and at Mine Mountain, and (2) the east-vergent Belted Range thrust located northwest of Yucca Flat. West-vergence of the CP thrust is indicated by large scale west-vergent recumbent folds in both its hangingwall and footwall and by the fact that the CP thrust ramps up section through hangingwall strata toward the northwest. Regional structural relations indicate that the CP thrust forms part of a narrow sigmoidal belt of west-vergent folding and thrusting traceable for over 180 km along strike. The Belted Range thrust represents earlier Mesozoic deformation that was probably related to the Last Chance thrust system in southeastern California, as suggested by earlier workers. A pre-Tertiary reconstruction of the Cordilleran fold and thrust belt in the region between the NTS and the Las Vegas Range bears a close resemblance to other regions of the Cordillera and has important implications for the development of hinterland-vergent deformation as well as for the probable magnitude of Tertiary extension north of Las Vegas Valley. Subsequent to Mesozoic deformation, the CP Hills were disrupted by at least two episodes of Tertiary extensional deformation: (1) an earlier episode represented by pre-middle Miocene low-angle normal faults, and (2) a later, post-11 Ma episode of high-angle normal faulting. Both episodes of extension were related to regional deformation, the latter of which has resulted in the present basin and range topography of the NTS region.

Caskey, S.J. [Nevada Univ., Reno, NV (United States)

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

PILLARED CLAYS AS SUPERIOR CATALYSTS FOR SELECTIVE CATALYTIC REDUCTION OF NITRIC OXIDE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Removal of NO{sub x} (NO + NO{sub 2}) from exhaust gases is a challenging subject. V{sub 2}O{sub 5}-based catalysts are commercial catalysts for selective catalytic reduction (SCR) with NH{sub 3} for stationary sources. However, for diesel and lean-burn gasoline engines in vehicles, hydrocarbons would be the preferred reducing agents over NH{sub 3} because of the practical problems associated with the use of NH{sub 3} (i.e., handling and slippage through the reactor). The noble-metal three-way catalysts are not effective under these conditions. The first catalyst found to be active for selective catalytic reduction of NO by hydrocarbons in the presence of excess oxygen was copper exchanged ZSM-5 and other zeolites, reported in 1990 by Iwamoto in Japan and Held et al. in Germany. Although Cu-ZSM-5 is very active and the most intensively studied catalyst, it suffers from severe deactivation in engine tests, mainly due to H{sub 2}O and SO{sub 2}. In this project, we found that ion-exchanged pillared clays and MCM-41 catalysts showed superior SCR activities of NO with hydrocarbon. All Cu{sup 2+}-exchanged pillared clays showed higher SCR activities than Cu-ZSM-5 reported in the literature. In particular, H{sub 2}O and SO{sub 2} only slightly deactivated the SCR activity of Cu-TiO{sub 2}-PILC, whereas severe deactivation was observed for Cu-ZSM-5. Moreover, Pt/MCM-41 provided the highest specific NO reduction rates as compared with other Pt doped catalysts, i.e., Pt/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, Pt/SiO{sub 2} and Pt/ZSM-5. The Pt/MCM-41 catalyst also showed a good stability in the presence of H{sub 2}O and SO{sub 2}.

R.Q. Long; N. Tharappiwattananon; W.B. Li; R.T. Yang

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

The electrorheology of suspensions consisting of Na-Fluorohectorite synthetic clay particles in silicon oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Under application of an electric field greater than a triggering electric field $E_c \\sim 0.4$ kV/mm, suspensions obtained by dispersing particles of the synthetic clay fluoro-hectorite in a silicon oil, aggregate into chain- and/or column-like structures parallel to the applied electric field. This micro-structuring results in a transition in the suspensions' rheological behavior, from a Newtonian-like behavior to a shear-thinning rheology with a significant yield stress. This behavior is studied as a function of particle volume fraction and strength of the applied electric field, $E$. The steady shear flow curves are observed to scale onto a master curve with respect to $E$, in a manner similar to what was recently found for suspensions of laponite clay [42]. In the case of Na-fluorohectorite, the corresponding dynamic yield stress is demonstrated to scale with respect to $E$ as a power law with an exponent $\\alpha \\sim 1.93$, while the static yield stress inferred from constant shear stress tests exhibits a similar behavior with $\\alpha \\sim 1.58$. The suspensions are also studied in the framework of thixotropic fluids: the bifurcation in the rheology behavior when letting the system flow and evolve under a constant applied shear stress is characterized, and a bifurcation yield stress, estimated as the applied shear stress at which viscosity bifurcation occurs, is measured to scale as $E^\\alpha$ with $\\alpha \\sim 0.5$ to 0.6. All measured yield stresses increase with the particle fraction $\\Phi$ of the suspension. For the static yield stress, a scaling law $\\Phi^\\beta$, with $\\beta = 0.54$, is found. The results are found to be reasonably consistent with each other. Their similarities with-, and discrepancies to- results obtained on laponite-oil suspensions are discussed.

Y. Mťheust; K. P. S. Parmar; B. Schjelderupsen; J. O. Fossum

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Functions of An Organization in an Indigenous Irrigation System: A Case Study From a Hill Village of Nepal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

incrt:asing agricultural emciency. augmenting agricultural) ields and gcncrmillg larger incomes. Nepal is very rich in indigenollsly built irrigation SystClll'). According to the updated Master Plan for Irrigation Development, 1995, the total irrigable... agricultural area in Nepal is estimated at 1,766 thousand hectares comprising 1.005 thousand hectares of 11ll' existing irrigation. The 75.7% irrigable area is in the Terai and remaining 24.3% in the Hills and Mountains. Out or the existing irrigaled area of 1...

Uprety, Laya Prasad

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.  

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PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only it without permission. 10-86 10-85 A combined gas-steam power cycle uses a simple gas turbine for the topping CYCLE 1373 K 293 K 320C 8 6 4 #12;PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited

Bahrami, Majid

426

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only 4 y 3 6 5 8 1 - y 10 MPa 7 8 9 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 Turbine Boiler Condenserfwh Ifwh II P IP IIP III #12;PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers

Bahrami, Majid

427

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.  

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Mixing Cham. 11 10 9 Low-P turbine #12;PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, IncPROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only heater, the mass flow rate of the steam extracted from the turbine for the closed feedwater heater

Bahrami, Majid

428

Values of Mineral Modulus of Clay Manika Prasad, Ronny Hofmann, Mike Batzle, Colorado School of Mines; M. Kopycinska-Mller, U. Rabe, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the atomic force microscope (AFM) technique and its principles are described in details elsewhere (Rabe et associated with elastic properties measurements of clay minerals with standard pulse transmission techniques

429

An investigation of the effects of projectile length and nose shape on projectile penetration into a low compressibility Kaolin Clay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1970 Major Subjert Civil Engineering A? INVESTIGATION OF TEE EFFECTS OP PROJECTILE LEECTH AED EOSE SHAPE OW PROJECTXLE PEBETEATXOE INTO A LOW COMPRESSIEILITY KAOLIE CLAY' A Thesis... committee. A special token of appreciation is due Dr. C. H. Samson, Head of the Department of Civil Engineering, who made it possible for the author to attend Texas ASM University. Mr. Ronald Boggess rendered invaluable assistance in the development...

Murff, James Donald

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Geohydromechanical Processes in the Excavation Damaged Zone in Crystalline Rock, Rock Salt, and Indurated and Plastic Clays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The creation of an excavation disturbed zone or excavation damaged zone is expected around all man-made openings in geologic formations. Macro- and micro-fracturing, and in general a redistribution of in situ stresses and rearrangement of rock structures, will occur in this zone, resulting in drastic changes of permeability to flow, mainly through the fractures and cracks induced by excavation. Such an EDZ may have significant implications for the operation and long-term performance of an underground nuclear waste repository. Various issues of concern need to be evaluated, such as processes creating fractures in the excavation damaged zone, the degree of permeability increase, and the potential for sealing or healing (with permeability reduction) in the zone. In recent years, efforts along these lines have been made for a potential repository in four rock types-crystalline rock, salt, indurated clay, and plastic clay-and these efforts have involved field, laboratory, and theoretical studies. The present work involves a synthesis of the ideas and issues that emerged from presentations and discussions on EDZ in these four rock types at a CLUSTER Conference and Workshop held in Luxembourg in November, 2003. First, definitions of excavation disturbed and excavation damaged zones are proposed. Then, an approach is suggested for the synthesis and intercomparison of geohydromechanical processes in the EDZ for the four rock types (crystalline rock, salt, indurated clay, and plastic clay). Comparison tables of relevant processes, associated factors, and modeling and testing techniques are developed. A discussion of the general state-of-the-art and outstanding issues are also presented. A substantial bibliography of relevant papers on the subject is supplied at the end of the paper.

Tsang, Chin-Fu; Bernier, Frederic; Davies, Christophe

2004-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

431

Capillary suction-time tests on selected clays and shales. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Shale stability has been an ongoing problem in the drilling of oil wells. The Capillary Suction Time test is simple and easy to use, allowing operators to conduct the test at the rigsite. However because of difficulty in reproducing results, the test should be used only qualitatively. The CST, along with the Methylene Blue, Specific Surface Area and Ensilin tests, accurately predicts shale swelling and dispersion. The tests have the added advantage of being able to be conducted relatively quickly. These tests could be carried out at the rigsite while the drilling is taking place. The experiments conducted also demonstrated the usefulness of KCL as an inhibitor of shale swelling and dispersion. From the CST data, it can be seen that KCL concentrations as low as 0.5% are effective in controlling the swelling of Phillips Ekofisk, Phillips Andrews County, Texaco Mississippi Canyon and Pierre Texaco. However a greater concentration of KCL is required to inhibit the swelling of Gold Seal Bentonite, Standard Arizona, Standard Wyoming and Standard Texas. It is recommended that more concentrations of KCL be tested of the high swelling clays to determine the minimum concentration required to inhibit swelling and dispersion.

Hart, K.M.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Recycling non-hazardous industrial wastes and petroleum contaminated soils into structural clay ceramics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cherokee Environmental Group (CEG)--a subsidiary of the Cherokee Sanford Group, Inc. (CSG)--has developed a system to beneficially reuse non-hazardous industrial wastes and petroleum contaminated soils into the recycling process of CSG`s structural clay ceramics manufacturing operation. The wastes and soils are processed, screened, and blended with brickmaking raw materials. The resulting material is formed and fired in such a way that the bricks still exceed American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) quality standards. Prior to usage, recycled materials are rigorously tested for ceramic compatibility and environmental compliance. Ceramic testing includes strength, shrinkage, and aesthetics. Environmental compliance is insured by testing for both organic and inorganic constituents. This recycling process has been fully permitted by all required state regulatory agencies in North Carolina, Maryland, and South Carolina where facilities are located. This inter-industrial synergy has eliminated landfill reliance and liability for many companies and property owners. The recycling volume of wastes and soils is high because CSG is one of the largest brick manufacturers in the nation. Together, CEG and CSG have eliminated more than 1 billion pounds of material from landfills by beneficially reusing the non-hazardous wastes.

MacRunnels, Z.D.; Miller, H.B. Jr. [Cherokee Environmental Group, Sanford, NC (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

433

POLYPHENYLENESULFIED/MONTOMORILLONITE CLAY NANOCOMPOSITE COATINGS: THEIR EFFICACY IN PROTECTING STEEL AGAINST CORROSION.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanoscale montomorillonite (MMT) clay fillers became dispersed in a polyphenylenesulfied (PPS) matrix through the processes of octadecylamine (ODA) intercalation {yields} molten PPS co-intercalation {yields} exfoliation. Cooling this molten exfoliated material led to the formation of a PPS/MMT nanocomposite. The MMT nanofiller conferred three advanced properties on the semi-crystalline PPS: First, it raised its melting point by nearly 40 C to 290 C; second, it increased its crystallization energy, implying that an excellent adherence of the nanofillers surfaces to PPS in terms of a good interfacial bond; and, third, it abated the degree of its hydrothermal oxidation due to sulfide {yields} sulfite linkage transformations. When this advanced PPS nanocomposite was used as a corrosion-preventing coating for carbon steel in a simulated geothermal environment at 300 C, a coating of {approx}150 {micro}m thickness adequately protected the steel against hot brine-caused corrosion. In contrast, an MMT-free PPS coating of similar thickness was not nearly as effective in mitigating corrosion as was the nanocompsite; in fact, the uptake of corrosive ionic electrolyte by the unmodified coating increased with an extending exposure time.

SUGAMA, T.; GAWLIK, K.

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Case studies of the potential effects of carbon taxation on the stone, clay, and glass industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This case study focuses on the potential for a carbon tax ($25 and $100 per metric ton of carbon) to reduce energy use and associated carbon dioxide (CO[sub 2]) emissions in three subsectors of the stone, clay, and glass industry: hydraulic cement, glass and glass products, and other products. A conservation supply curve analysis found that (1) opportunities for reducing fossil fuel use in the subsectors are limited (15% reduction under $100 tax) and (2) the relationship between the tax and reduced CO[sub 2] emissions is nonlinear and diminishing. Because cement manufacturing produces a significant amount of CO[sub 2], this subsector was analyzed. A plant-level analysis found more opportunities to mitigate CO[sub 2] emissions; under a $100 tax, fossil fuel use would decrease 52%. (A conservative estimate lies between 15% and 52%). It also confirmed the nonlinear relationship, suggesting significant benefits could result from small taxes (32% reduction under $25 tax). A fuel share analysis found the cement industry could reduce carbon loading 11% under a $100 tax if gas were substituted for coal. Under a $100 tax, cement demand would decrease 17% and its price would increase 32%, a substantial increase for a material commodity. Overall, CO[sub 2] emissions from cement manufacturing would decrease 24--33% under a $100 tax and 10--18% under a $25 tax. Much of the decrease would result from the reduced demand for cement.

Bock, M.J.; Boyd, G.A. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Assessment and Information Sciences Div.); Rosenbaum, D.I. (Nebraska Univ., Lincoln, NE (United States). Dept. of Economics); Ross, M.H. (Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Physics)

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Case studies of the potential effects of carbon taxation on the stone, clay, and glass industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This case study focuses on the potential for a carbon tax ($25 and $100 per metric ton of carbon) to reduce energy use and associated carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions in three subsectors of the stone, clay, and glass industry: hydraulic cement, glass and glass products, and other products. A conservation supply curve analysis found that (1) opportunities for reducing fossil fuel use in the subsectors are limited (15% reduction under $100 tax) and (2) the relationship between the tax and reduced CO{sub 2} emissions is nonlinear and diminishing. Because cement manufacturing produces a significant amount of CO{sub 2}, this subsector was analyzed. A plant-level analysis found more opportunities to mitigate CO{sub 2} emissions; under a $100 tax, fossil fuel use would decrease 52%. (A conservative estimate lies between 15% and 52%). It also confirmed the nonlinear relationship, suggesting significant benefits could result from small taxes (32% reduction under $25 tax). A fuel share analysis found the cement industry could reduce carbon loading 11% under a $100 tax if gas were substituted for coal. Under a $100 tax, cement demand would decrease 17% and its price would increase 32%, a substantial increase for a material commodity. Overall, CO{sub 2} emissions from cement manufacturing would decrease 24--33% under a $100 tax and 10--18% under a $25 tax. Much of the decrease would result from the reduced demand for cement.

Bock, M.J.; Boyd, G.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Assessment and Information Sciences Div.; Rosenbaum, D.I. [Nebraska Univ., Lincoln, NE (United States). Dept. of Economics; Ross, M.H. [Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Physics

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Short-term and creep shear characteristics of a needlepunched thermally locked geosynthetic clay liner  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of constant-rate direct shear tests were conducted on a needlepunched thermally locked geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) in accordance with ASTM Test Method for Determining the Coefficient of Soil and Geosynthetic or Geosynthetic and Geosynthetic Friction by the Direct Shear Method (D 5321). The test results demonstrate that the needlepunched thermally locked reinforcing fibers provide substantial short-term shear strength to a GCL. However, there is a growing concern that the long-term shear strength to a GCL. However, there is a growing concern that the long-term shear strength of this type of GCL can be affected due to the potential of creep within the reinforcing fibers under sustained constant loads which occur in the field. An attempt was made to address this concern through an incrementally-loaded creep shear test conducted in a newly developed constant-load (creep) shear testing device. The results of the creep shear test to date show that the GCL has undergone relatively small shear displacements with incremental shear rates decreasing with time within each loading phase.

Siebken, J.R. [National Seal Co., Galesburg, IL (United States). Technical Services; Swan, R.H. Jr.; Yuan, Z. [GeoSyntec Consultants, Atlanta, GA (United States). Soil-Geosynthetic Interaction Testing Lab.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

A comparison of sample preparation methodology in the evaluation of geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) hydraulic conductivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The method of preparing a single needle-punched GCL product for evaluation of hydraulic conductivity in a flexible wall permeameter was examined. The test protocol utilized for this evaluation was GRI Test Method GCL-2 Permeability of GCLs. The GCL product consisted of bentonite clay material supported by a woven and a non-woven geotextile on either side. The method preparation focused on the procedure for separating the test specimen from the larger sample and whether these methods produced difficulty in generating reliable test data. The methods examined included cutting with a razor knife, scissors, and a circular die with the perimeter of the test area under wet and dry conditions. In order to generate as much data as possible, tests were kept brief. Flow was monitored only long enough to determine whether or not preferential flow paths appeared to be present. The results appear to indicate that any of the methods involved will work. Difficulties arose not from the development of preferential flow paths around the edges of the specimens, but from the loss of bentonite from the edges during handling.

Siebken, J.R. [National Seal Co., Galesburg, IL (United States); Lucas, S. [Albarrie Naue Ltd., Barrie, Ontario (Canada)

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Long-term shear strength behavior of a needlepunched geosynthetic clay liner  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes two large-scale constant-load (creep) shear testing devices that were developed to evaluate the long-term shearing behavior of geosynthetic clay liners (GCLs) and interfaces between GCLs and other geosynthetics or soils. One device was designed to simulate loading conditions that typically occur on a GCL deployed in a landfill cover system. The other device was designed to simulate loading conditions that typically occur on a GCL deployed in a landfill lining system. A needlepunched GCL was selected for evaluation of its long-term shearing behavior under these two types of loading conditions and the test results are presented in terms of time-displacement curves and shear rate-displacement curves. The results to date show that the GCL has undergone relatively small shear displacements and that the shear displacement rates within the GCL and/or at the test interface have been continuously decreasing with time. For the conditions used in this testing program, it is believed that the GCL`s behavior can be considered stable. Further testing is planned to more accurately define the time-dependent internal and interface shear behavior of the GCL.

Trauger, R.J. [Colloid Environmental Technologies Co., Arlington Heights, IL (United States); Swan, R.H. Jr.; Yuan, Z. [GeoSyntec Consultants, Atlanta, GA (United States). Soil-Geosynthetic Interaction Testing Lab.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Proceedings of the 2009 Winter Simulation Conference M. D. Rossetti, R. R. Hill, B. Johansson, A. Dunkin, and R. G. Ingalls, eds.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

supply peaking power, or a 2000MW nuclear plant for base power. Each plan has to be devised under severalProceedings of the 2009 Winter Simulation Conference M. D. Rossetti, R. R. Hill, B. Johansson, A for addition of power generating units over a planning period subject to demand, availability, and security

Kroese, Dirk P.

440

On-Farm Transport of Ornamental Fish 1 Tina C. Crosby, Jeffrey E. Hill, Carlos V. Martinez, Craig A. Watson, Deborah B. Pouder, and Roy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FA-119 On-Farm Transport of Ornamental Fish 1 Tina C. Crosby, Jeffrey E. Hill, Carlos V. Martinez and transport of fish will affect survival and overall quality of the fish (see UF IFAS Circular 919 Stress-It's Role in Fish Disease). Fish should be moved quickly and efficiently to minimize stress, the risk

Watson, Craig A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Harvesting Ornamental Fish From Ponds1 Tina C. Crosby, Jeffrey E. Hill, Carlos V. Martinez, Craig A. Watson, Deborah B. Pouder, and Roy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FA-117 Harvesting Ornamental Fish From Ponds1 Tina C. Crosby, Jeffrey E. Hill, Carlos V. Martinez, ornamental fish are predominantly farmed in earthen ponds. Once fish reach marketable size and are ready and physical damage during harvesting (see UF IFAS Circular 919 Stress-Its Role in Fish Disease). Overall, col

Watson, Craig A.

442

The GONG++ DATA Processing Pipeline F. Hill,, J. Bolding, C. Toner, T. Corbard, S. Wampler, B. Goodrich, J. Goodrich, P. Eliason National Solar Observatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The GONG++ DATA Processing Pipeline F. Hill,, J. Bolding, C. Toner, T. Corbard, S. Wampler, B pipeline is currently under construction. This system will produce the GONG++ science data products data, we have adopted an automated pipeline approach to the system. Here we describe the software

Corbard, Thierry

443

EIS-0012: Petroleum Production at Maximum Efficient Rate, Naval Petroleum Reserve #1, Elk Hills, Kern County, California (also see EA-0261, EA-0334, and EIS-0158-S)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy prepared this statement to evaluate the environmental impacts of increasing petroleum production, and of additional or expanded operational facilities, at Elk Hills from 160,000 barrels per day up to 240,000 barrels per day.

444

Mycorrhizal Species Dominate the Soil-Fungal Community in Estonian Oil Shale-Ash Hills Charles Cowden, Sam Willis, and Richard Shefferson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mycorrhizal Species Dominate the Soil-Fungal Community in Estonian Oil Shale-Ash Hills Charles 30602 Introduction Estonia relies on vast reserves of oil shale to produce electricity. The mining and burning of oil shale is extremely inefficient and produces large quantities of tailings and ash (Vallner

Shefferson, Richard P.

445

S. Saarelma, P. Hill, A. Bottino, G. Colyer, A.R. Field, B. McMillan, A. Peeters, C.M. Roach and MAST team  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S. Saarelma, P. Hill, A. Bottino, G. Colyer, A.R. Field, B. McMillan, A. Peeters, C.M. Roach , B. McMillan 3 , A. Peeters 4 , C.M. Roach 1 and MAST team 1 1 EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Association

446

Fate of corrosion products released from stainless steel in marine sediments and seawater. Part 1. Northeast Pacific pelagic red clay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To provide information useful for determining the biogeochemical cycling of corrosion products in the benthic boundary layer of the deep ocean, neutron-activated stainless steel was exposed to seawater and to Northeast Pacific red clay under aerobic and non-oxygenated conditions. This report describes the trace metal geochemistry of the sediment and the chemical speciation of the corrosion products. The sediments generally consisted of reddish-brown clay at the surface grading to a dark-brown transition zone below which mottled olive-gray clay prevailed. Neutron-irradiated 347 stainless steel specimens were exposed to seawater and sediment slurry under aerobic and non-oxygenated conditions for 108 days. The presence of aerated sediment more than doubled the amount of corrosion products released compared to aerated seawater and non-oxygenated sediment treatments. The distribution of /sup 60/Co released from the stainless steel exposed to aerated seawater show that almost 70% of /sup 60/Co activity became associated with suspended particulate matter. No detectable /sup 60/Co activity was present in the soluble, readily dissolved, or inorganic or weakly complexed fractions of aerated sediment which had been used to treat neutron-activated stainless steel. Almost 50% of the /sup 60/Co activity was extracted in the combined soluble, easily dissolved, adsorbed, and organically complexed fractions from the non-oxygenated sediment treatment indicating that this much of the corrosion products may be initially released in ionic form.

Schmidt, R.L.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

(Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2002, clay and shale production was reported in all States except Alaska,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be as follows: ball clay--35% floor and wall tile, 22% sanitaryware, and 43% other uses; bentonite--28% pet for consumption: Artificially activated clay and earth 19 17 18 21 20 Kaolin 53 57 63 114 155 Other 14 16 16 13 49, not elsewhere classified 432 329 357 344 464 Total3 5,230 4,800 5,260 4,970 4,990 Consumption, apparent 36

448

(Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2003, clay and shale production was reported in all States except Alaska,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; bentonite-- 25% pet waste absorbent, 21% drilling mud, 21% foundry sand bond, 15% iron ore pelletizing,300 Imports for consumption: Artificially activated clay and earth 17 18 21 27 20 Kaolin 57 63 114 158 275,980 Consumption, apparent 37,500 35,600 34,800 34,600 34,600 Price, average, dollars per ton: Ball clay 40 42 42

449

Response of rice to ammonium and nitrate nitrogen applied at various stages of plant growth on limed and unlimed Beaumont and Lake Charles clays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESPONSE OF RICE TO AMMONIUM AND NITRATE NITROGEN APPLIED AT VARIOUS STAGES OF PLANT GROWTH ON LIMED AND UNLINED BEAUNONT AND LAKE CHARLES CLAYS A Thesis By William B. Gay, III Submitted to the Graduate Sohool of the Agricultural... BEAUMONT AND LAKE CHARLES CLAYS A Thesis By Nilliam B. Gay, III Chairman of Committee Head of the Department of Soil Sc Crop Sciences ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to express my appreciation to Dr. A. G. Caldwell for his 1nterest and guidance...

Gay, William Blalock, III

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Measurement of airborne fission products in Chapel Hill, NC, USA from the Fukushima Dai-ichi reactor accident  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present measurements of airborne fission products in Chapel Hill, NC, USA, from 62 days following the March 11, 2011, accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant. Airborne particle samples were collected daily in air filters and radio-assayed with two high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors. The fission products I-131 and Cs-137 were measured with maximum activities of 4.2 +/- 0.6 mBq/m^3 and 0.42 +/- 0.07 mBq/m^3 respectively. Additional activity from I-131, I-132, Cs-134, Cs-136, Cs-137 and Te-132 were measured in the same air filters using a low-background HPGe detector at the Kimballton Underground Research Facility (KURF).

S. MacMullin; G. K. Giovanetti; M. P. Green; R. Henning; R. Holmes; K. Vorren; J. F. Wilkerson

2012-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

451

Anomalous zones in Gulf Coast Salt domes with special reference to Big Hill, TX, and Weeks Island, LA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Anomalous features in Gulf Coast Salt domes exhibit deviations from normally pure salt and vary widely in form from one dome to the next, ranging considerably in length and width. They have affected both conventional and solution mining in several ways. Gas outbursts, insolubles, and potash (especially carnallite) have led to the breakage of tubing in a number of caverns, and caused irregular shapes of many caverns through preferential leaching. Such anomalous features essentially have limited the lateral extent of conventional mining at several salt mines, and led to accidents and even the closing of several other mines. Such anomalous features, are often aligned in anomalous zones, and appear to be related to diapiric processes of salt dome development. Evidence indicates that anomalous zones are found between salt spines, where the differential salt intrusion accumulates other materials: Anhydrite bands which are relatively strong, and other, weaker impurities. Shear zones and fault displacement detected at Big Hill and Weeks Island domes have not yet had any known adverse impacts on SPR oil storage, but new caverns at these sites conceivably may encounter some potentially adverse conditions. Seismic reflection profiles at Big Hill dome have shown numerous fractures and faults in the caprock, and verified the earlier recognition of a major shear zone transecting the entire salt stock and forming a graben in the overlying caprock. Casing that is placed in such zones can be at risk. Knowledge of these zones should create awareness of possible effects rather than preclude the future emplacement of caverns. To the extent possible, major anomalous zones and salt stock boundaries should be avoided. Shear zones along overhangs may be particularly hazardous, and otherwise unknown valleys in the top of salt may occur along shear zones. These zones often can be mapped geophysically, especially with high-resolution seismic techniques.

Neal, J.T. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Magorian, T.R. [Magorian (Thomas R.), Amherst, NY (United States); Thoms, R.L. [AGM, Inc., College Station, TX (United States); Autin, W.J.; McCulloh, R.P. [Louisiana Geological Survey, Baton Rouge, LA (United States); Denzler, S.; Byrne, K.O. [Acres International Corp., Amherst, NY (United States)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Iron oxide and chromia supported on titania-pillared clay for selective catalytic reduction of nitric oxide with ammonia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

TiO{sub 2}-pillard clay (PILC) with high surface area, large pore volume, and large interlayer spacing was used as the support for mixed Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3} as the catalyst for selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NO with NH{sub 3}. The Fe/Cr ratio was varied at a fixed total amount of oxide dopant of 10% (wt). The Fe-Cr/TiO{sub 2}-PILC with Fe/Cr=3 showed the highest activity. Compared with commercial V{sub 2}O{sub 5}/TiO{sub 2} catalysts, the activity (on a per gram basis) of the doped pillared clay was approximately twice as high under H{sub 2}O- and SO{sub 2}-free conditions and was approximately 40% higher under conditions with H{sub 2}O and SO{sub 2}. In addition, its activity for SO{sub 2} oxidation was only 20%-25% of that of the V{sub 2}O{sub 5}-based catalysts. TPD of NH{sub 3} on the Fe-Cr/TiO{sub 2}-PILC catalyst showed that both M=O and M-OH (M=Fe or Cr) were necessary for the SCR reaction. In situ IR spectra of NH{sub 3} showed that there was a higher Bronsted acidity than the Lewis acidity on the surface under reaction conditions and that there existed a direct correlation between the SCR activity and the Bronsted acidity among pillared clays with different Fe/Cr ratios. These results, along with the transient response to O{sub 2}, indicated that a similar mechanism to that on the V{sub 2}O{sub 5} catalyst was operative. The TiO{sub 2}-pillared clay used as the support also contributed to the high activity of the Fe-Cr catalyst. The TiO{sub 2} pillars combined with the tetrahedral SiO{sub 2} surfaces of the clay apparently gave rise to a high dispersion of Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}. 52 refs., 10 figs., 5 tabs.

Cheng, L.S.; Yang, R.T. [State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY (United States)] [State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY (United States); Ning Chen [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)] [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Structural evaluation of WIPP disposal room raised to Clay Seam G.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An error was discovered in the ALGEBBRA script used to calculate the disturbed rock zone around the disposal room and the shear failure zone in the anhydrite layers in the original version. To correct the error, a memorandum of correction was submitted according to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Quality Assurance program. The recommended course of action was to correct the error, to repeat the post-process, and to rewrite Section 7.4, 7.5, 8, and Appendix B in the original report. The sections and appendix revised by the post-process using the corrected ALGEBRA scripts are provided in this revision. The original report summarizes a series of structural calculations that examine effects of raising the WIPP repository horizon from the original design level upward 2.43 meters. Calculations were then repeated for grid changes appropriate for the new horizon raised to Clay Seam G. Results are presented in three main areas: (1) Disposal room porosity, (2) Disturbed rock zone characteristics, and (3) Anhydrite marker bed failure. No change to the porosity surface for the compliance re-certification application is necessary to account for raising the repository horizon, because the new porosity surface is essentially identical. The disturbed rock zone evolution and devolution are charted in terms of a stress invariant criterion over the regulatory period. This model shows that the propagation of the DRZ into the surrounding rock salt does not penetrate through MB 139 in the case of both the original horizon and the raised room. Damaged salt would be expected to heal in nominally 150 years. The shear failure does not occur in either the upper or lower anhydrite layers at the moment of excavation, but appears above and below the middle of the pillar one day after the excavation. The damaged anhydrite is not expected to heal as the salt in the DRZ is expected to.

Park, Byoung Yoon (Sandia National Laboratories, Carlsbad, NM); Holland, John F. (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM)

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only it without permission. 9-101 9-134 A regenerative gas-turbine cycle with three stages of compression

Bahrami, Majid

455

A review of "Bernini: Sculpting in Clay" by C.D. Dickerson III, Anthony Sigel, and Ian Wardropper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

engrossing and useful in further research. C. D. Dickerson III, Anthony Sigel, and Ian Wardropper, Bernini: Sculpting in Clay. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2012, 416pp. + 437 color, 35 b/w ills. $65.00. Review by #30;#28;#25;#25;#26; #21... the objects of scienti#15;c techni- cal examination by the third collaborator, Anthony Sigel, published in the Harvard University Art Museum Bulletin (1999). European lend- ers then o#12;ered generous examples?not only from major museums across Italy...

Silver, Larry

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Proportions of coarse and fine clay across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary in Milam, Falls, and Travis Counties, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and are of little value. It is concluded that the method proposed in this thesis is capable of detecting small differences between clay sampi es at a = ingle locai ity, but prob. bly cannot be used to correlate samples f'rom one locality to another. i&1tlloagh... making dispersion and I'rac- tionation difficult. The efficiency of the X-ray diffraction t, echniques is also improved when these constituents are removed. As a simplified means of comp:rison, the various procedures performed on each sample...

Smith, John Charles

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Availability of soil organic phosphorus and fertilizer phosphorus applied to coastal bermudagrass (cynodon dactylon l.) on Houston black clay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) for different tillage-P treatments during 1976. Mean available P (using 1. 4N NH40Ac extract solution) for different tillage-P treatments during 1976. 46 52 54 61 64 69 70 INTRODUCTION A gradual decline in the annual forage production of recently... con- stitutes the. greatest proportion of the total P in many soils. Supak (1969) found that 46/ of the total P in the check p'lot in a Houston Black clay was organic P. Organic Phosphorus Organic P generally constitutes about 25-75K of the total...

Krautmann, Jolly Yang

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Biomass/energy crops grown on phosphatic clay in central Florida  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In January 1992 plots of 0.081 ha (0.2 A) were planted on phosphatic clay soil. Cultivars included: US78-1009, and CP72-1210 sugarcane; US56-9, L79-1002, and US72-1153 energycane; 1K-7647 Erianthus; plus N-51 Elephantgrass. Enough planting material of US67-2022 sugarcane was available to plant only 10 m (33 ft.) of row. Planting of US67-2022 was increased each of the next 2 years. Three-year average dry yield of sugarcane was 32.3 Mg ha{sup -1} (14.4 ton A{sup -1}) for US78-1009, 29.6 Mg ha{sup -1} (1 3.2 ton A{sup -1}) for CP72-1210, and 49.1 Mg ha{sup -1} (21.9 ton A{sup -1}) for US67-2022. Two-year average yield for energycane was observed to be 36.5 Mg ha{sup -1} (16.3 ton A{sup -1}) for US56-9, 34.9 Mg ha{sup -1} (15.6 ton A{sup -1}) for L79-1002, and 37.2 Mg ha{sup -1} (16.6 ton A{sup -1}) for US72-1153. The observed Erianthus yield was 17.9 Mg ha{sup -1} (8.0 ton A{sup -1}) for 1K-7647 and for N-51 Elephantgrass was 19.0 Mg ha{sup -1} (8.5 ton A{sup -1}). Yield of both Erianthus and elephantgrass were severely hampered by a poor stand. Other cultivars were also affected but to a lesser degree. Sugar content was highest in the three sugarcane cultivars averaging 13.1 degrees brix. Energycane cultivars had an average of 8.6 degrees brix; elephantgrass and Erianthus were lowest with 5.5 and 5.6{degrees} brix, respectively. Sugar yield was highest in US67-2022 at 12.3 Mg ha{sup -1} (5.5 ton A{sup -1}) and more than 2.5 times higher than the next highest cultivar. Chemical composition of the various cultivars in terms of NDF, ADF, hemicellulose, cellulose, lignin, and in vitro digestible dry matter are also reported.

Stricker, J.A.; Prine, G.M. [UF Agronomy Dept., Gainesville, FL (United States); Anderson, D.L. [UF Everglades REC, Belle Glade, FL (United States)] [and others

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

459

Cardwell Hills, Lupine Meadows, Bald Hill and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New Substation Sites Proposed RouteNanotube TemplatedStorage Medium toModulatesa

460

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 10): Bunker Hill Mining and Metallurgical Complex, Shoshone County, ID. (First remedial action), August 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Bunker Hill Mining and Metallurgical Complex site is a 21 square-mile area centered around an inactive industrial mining and smelting site, and includes the cities of Kellogg, Smelterville, Wardner, Pinehurst, and Page, in Shoshone County, Idaho. The inactive industrial complex includes the Bunker Hill mine and mill, a lead smelter, a zinc smelter and a phosphoric acid fertilizer plant, all totalling several hundred acres. Initially, most of the solid and liquid residue from the complex was discharged into the river. When the river flooded, these materials were deposited onto the valley floor, and have leached into onsite soil and ground water. The selected remedial action for the site includes soil sampling; excavating contaminated soil and sod exceeding 1,000 mg/kg lead on approximately 1,800 residential properties, and replacing it with clean soil and sod; disposing of the contaminated soil and sod at an onsite repository; and capping the repository.

Not Available

1991-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Participatory Action Research in Community Forestry: A Case Study of A Community Forest Users' Group From A Hill Village of Eastern Nepal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PARTICIPATORY ACTION RESEARCH IN COMMUNITY FORESTRY: A CASE STUDY OF A COMMUNITY FOREST USERS' GROUP FROM A HILL VILLAGE OF EASTERN EPAL Laya Prasad Uprety* 1.0 The Context and Introduction Traditionally, forests in Nepal are managed by the user... communities as the "common property resources" and the government, recognizing this historical fact, has formulated the national policy of handing over the forests to the. willmg communities for their sustained management and utilization. The forests...

Uprety, Laya Prasad

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Fracturing alliance allows massive diatomite oil reserves to be economically produced at Lost Hills, California: A case study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As North American oilfield operations mature, there is a perceptible loosening of the autocratic ties between oil companies and contractors. They are being replaced by alliances or partnerships designed to minimize cost while improving profitability of the companies involved. Many papers have been written concerning alliance theory, but little documentation exists detailing actual performance. This paper evaluates a mature alliance, its implementation, structure and results. In Lost Hills, California, the diatomite formation requires hydraulic fracturing to allow oil recovery at profitable production rates. Because hydraulic fracturing is approximately two-thirds of the total well cost, it is imperative that fracturing investments be optimized to allow field development to proceed at optimum levels. Therefore, in 1990, a fracturing alliance (the first of its kind) was initiated between Chevron and Schlumberger Dowell. Over 1 billion lbm of sand has been successfully placed during approximately 2,000 fracture stimulation jobs. Through this prototype fracturing alliance, many major accomplishments are being achieved. The most notable are the hydraulic fracturing costs that have been reduced by 40% while improving the profitability of both companies. This paper illustrates the benefits of an alliance and justifies the change in management style from a low-bid operating strategy to a win-win customer/supplier attitude.

Klins, M.A.; Stewart, D.W.; Pferdehirt, D.J.; Stewart, M.E.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

463

Sonar atlas of caverns comprising the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Volume 2, Big Hill Site, Texas.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Downhole sonar surveys from the four active U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve sites have been modeled and used to generate a four-volume sonar atlas, showing the three-dimensional geometry of each cavern. This volume 2 focuses on the Big Hill SPR site, located in southeastern Texas. Volumes 1, 3, and 4, respectively, present images for the Bayou Choctaw SPR site, Louisiana, the Bryan Mound SPR site, Texas, and the West Hackberry SPR site, Louisiana. The atlas uses a consistent presentation format throughout. The basic geometric measurements provided by the down-cavern surveys have also been used to generate a number of geometric attributes, the values of which have been mapped onto the geometric form of each cavern using a color-shading scheme. The intent of the various geometrical attributes is to highlight deviations of the cavern shape from the idealized cylindrical form of a carefully leached underground storage cavern in salt. The atlas format does not allow interpretation of such geometric deviations and anomalies. However, significant geometric anomalies, not directly related to the leaching history of the cavern, may provide insight into the internal structure of the relevant salt dome.

Rautman, Christopher Arthur; Lord, Anna Snider

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Can Next-Generation Reactors Power a Safe Nuclear Futur By Clay Dillow Posted 03.17.2011 at 12:18 pm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Can Next-Generation Reactors Power a Safe Nuclear Futur By Clay Dillow Posted 03.17.2011 at 12 of nuclear reactors are designed to prevent exactly what we old Fukushima Daiichi plant. Which is good the world rush to reconsider their nuclear plans, nuclear experts look toward a future of smaller, safer

Danon, Yaron

465

Houlsby, G. T., Kelly, R. B., Huxtable, J. & Byrne, B. W. (2005). Geotechnique 55, No. 4, 287296 Field trials of suction caissons in clay for offshore wind turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Houlsby, G. T., Kelly, R. B., Huxtable, J. & Byrne, B. W. (2005). Ge¬īotechnique 55, No. 4, 287. B. KELLY*, J. HUXTABLE and B. W. BYRNE* A programme of testing of caisson foundations in clay-scale model testing (Byrne & Houlsby, 2002, 2004; Byrne et al., 2003; Kelly et al., 2003, 2004

Byrne, Byron

466

Chapter 9. Utilizing mineralogical and chemical information in PTFs (A. Bruand) Soil structure is known to reflect mineralogical composition of clay fraction and soil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 9. Utilizing mineralogical and chemical information in PTFs (A. Bruand) Soil structure is known to reflect mineralogical composition of clay fraction and soil chemical composition. Because soil hydraulic properties are likely to depend on soil structure, chemical and mineralogical composition have

Paris-Sud XI, Universitť de

467

EIS-0020: Crude Oil Transport Alternate From Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 Elk Hills/SOHIO Pipeline Connection Conveyance System, Terminal Tank Farm Relocation to Rialto, California  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Office of Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves developed this supplemental statement to evaluate the environmental impacts associated with a modified design of a proposed 250,000 barrels per day crude oil conveyance system from Navel Petroleum Reserve No. 1 to connect to the proposed SOHIO West Coast to Midcontinent Pipeline at Rialto, California. This SEIS is a supplement to DOE/EIS-0020, Crude Oil Transport Alternate From Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 Elk Hills/SOHIO Pipeline Connection Conveyance System, Terminal Tank Farm Relocation to Rialto, California.

468

Planetarium Chapel Hill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.Columbia South Rd. Man ad ium Rd. ningDr. lumbia Ramshead Deck Parking Chiller or Cobb Deck Parking Northeast

Whitton, Mary C.

469

QUEEN CREEK FOUNTAIN HILLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Natural Resource Appreciation Air Pollution and Climate: Health Problems Population growth impacts differences in neighborhoods affect the enviro

Hall, Sharon J.

470

Idaho_MarlinHill  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching. | EMSLtheIndustryMitch204Peak Site #0401Ridge

471

Description and crystal structure of nyholmite, a new mineral related to hureaulite, from Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nyholmite, Cd{sub 3}Zn{sub 2}(AsO{sub 3}OH){sub 2}(AsO{sub 4}){sub 2} {center_dot} 4H{sub 2}O, from the Block 14 Opencut, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia, is a new Cd-Zn arsenate species, isostructural with the minerals of the hureaulite group. The mineral occurs in a quartz-garnet-arsenopyrite matrix as white globules, tufted aggregates of fibrous crystals and radiating hemispheres of thin, colourless, bladed crystals. Associated minerals are goldquarryite, lavendulan-sampleite, scorodite-strengite and gypsum. Individual crystals are up to 0.2 mm in length and 0.05 mm across. The mineral is transparent to translucent with a vitreous lustre. It is brittle with an uneven fracture and a white streak. The Mohs hardness is 3-3.5 and the calculated density is 4.23 g cm{sup -3} for the empirical formula. Electron microprobe analyses yielded CdO 34.58, ZnO 9.72, MnO 3.59, CuO 3.39, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} 0.20, CaO 0.16, PbO 0.37, As{sub 2}O{sub 5} 34.55, P{sub 2}O{sub 5} 6.29 totalling 92.85 wt.%. The empirical formula, based on 20 oxygen atoms, is Ca{sub 0.03}Pb{sub 0.02} Cd{sub 2.80}Al{sub 0.04}Zn{sub 1.24}-Cu{sub 0.44}Mn{sub 0.53}[(AsO{sub 4}){sub 3.13}(PO{sub 4}){sub 0.92}]{Sigma}{sub 4.05}H{sub 1.91} {center_dot} 3.79H{sub 2}O. Nyholmite is monoclinic, C2/c, a = 18.062(4) {angstrom}, b = 9.341(2) {angstrom}, c = 9.844(2) {angstrom}, {beta} = 96.17(3){sup o}, V = 1651.2(6) {angstrom}{sup 3} (single-crystal data, at 123 K). The six strongest lines in the X-ray powder diffraction pattern are [d({angstrom}),I,(hkl)]: 8.985,30,(200); 8.283, 85,(110); 6.169,25,(111); 4.878,25,(002); 3.234,100,(222, 420); 3.079,65,(222, 511); 2.976,45,(113). The crystal structure was solved by Patterson methods and refined using 2045 observed reflections to R1(F) = 3.73%. The structure is characterized by a kinked, five-membered chain of edge-sharing M{phi}{sub 6} ({phi} = unspecified anion) octahedra, or pentamer, that extends in the a direction. The pentamers link by sharing corners to form a sheet in the (001) plane. Pentamers are also linked, via corner-sharing, by (As,P)O{sub 4} groups forming thick slabs in the (001) plane. The slabs link in the c direction by cornersharing between octahedra and tetrahedra to form a dense heteropolyhedral framework. Moderate to weak hydrogen-bonding provides additional linkage between the slabs.

Elliott, P.; Turner, P.; Jensen, P.; Kolitsch, U.; Pring, A.; (Naturhistorisches Museum, Austria); (SA Museum); (Adelaide); (Sydney)

2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

472

Clay Cane is a New York City-based, award-winning writer and media consultant. His work covers various topics such as pop culture, sexuality, race, religion, social net-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

covers various topics such as pop culture, sexuality, race, religion, social net- working and personal social commen- tary website, www.ClayCane. net, a 2007 and 2008 Black Weblog Awards nominee. The College

Miami, University of

473

(Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1998, clays were produced in most States except Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% foundry sand bond, 23% drilling mud, 17% pet waste absorbent, 15% iron ore pelletizing, and 9% other uses,100 43,100 42,000 43,0003 Imports for consumption 36 35 45 64 75 Exports 4,620 4,680 4,830 5,080 5,100 Consumption, apparent 37,600 38,500 38,300 37,000 38,000 Price, average, dollars per ton: Ball clay 43 46 44

474

(Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1997, clays were produced in most States except Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% pet waste absorbent, and 17% drilling mud; common clay--50% brick, 27% cement, and 15% lightweight,100 43,9003 Imports for consumption 39 36 35 45 53 Exports 4,150 4,620 4,680 4,830 4,970 Consumption,900 4,900e Mill 9,000 9,000 9,000 9,000 9,000 Net import reliance as a percent of5 apparent consumption

475

Evaluation of past and future alterations in tuff at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, based on the clay mineralogy of drill cores USW G-1, G-2, and G-3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The tuffs at Yucca Mountain in south-central Nevada are being studied by the Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) to determine their suitability for a high-level radioactive waste repository. For predictive purposes, it is important to understand the alteration history of Yucca Mountain and to know how the minerals in Yucca Mountain tuffs respond to changing conditions such as elevated temperatures. The clay mineralogy of these tuffs has been examined using x-ray powder diffraction, and approximation temperatures of alteration have been determined using available clay mineral data and fluid inclusion analyses. Also, several illites from drill holes USW G-1 and G-2 have been dated using K/Ar techniques, yielding ages of about 11 Myr. The clay mineral in Yucca Mountain tuffs are predominantly interstratified illite/smectites, with minor amounts of chloride, kaolinite, and interstratified chlorite/smectite at depth in USW G-1 and G-2. The reactions observed for these illite/smectites are similar to those observed in pelitic rocks. With depths, the illite/smectites transform from random interstratifications (R = 0) through ordered intermediates (R = 1) to illite in USW G-2 and to Kalkberg (R {ge} 3) interstratifications in USW G-1. The illite/smectites in USW G-3 have not significantly transformed. It appears that the illites in deeper rock results from hydrothermal and diagenetic reactions of earlier-formed smectites. These data demonstrate that the rocks at depth in the northern end of Yucca Mountain were significantly altered about 11 Myr ago. Both clay mineralogy and fluid inclusions suggest that the rocks at depth in USW G-2 have been subjected to postdepositional temperatures of at least 275{degree}C, those in USW G-1 have reached 200{degree}C, and USW G-3 rocks probably have not exceeded 100{degree}C. 64 refs., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

Bish, D.L.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Analysis of infiltration through a clay radon barrier at an UMTRA disposal cell. Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An infiltration study was initiated in January 1988 to assess the percent saturation in, and infiltration through, clay radon barriers of typical Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project disposal cells. Predicting infiltration through the radon barrier is necessary to evaluate whether the disposal cell will comply with the proposed US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) groundwater protection standards (40 CFR 192). The groundwater standards require demonstrating that tailings seepage will not cause background concentrations or maximum concentration limits (MCLs) to be exceeded at the downgradient edge of the disposal facility (the point of compliance, or POC). This demonstration generally consists of incorporating the predicted seepage flux and the concentration of the specific hazardous constituents into a contaminant transport model, and predicting the resultant concentrations at the POC. The infiltration study consisted of a field investigation to evaluate moisture conditions in the radon barrier of the completed Shiprock, New Mexico, UMTRA Project disposal cell and previously completed UMTRA Project disposal cells at Clive, Utah, and Burrell, Pennsylvania. Coring was conducted to measure percent saturation profiles in the radon barriers at these disposal cells. In addition, a detailed investigation of the Shiprock radon barrier was conducted to establish the effects of meteorological stresses on moisture conditions in the filter layer and radon barrier. The Shiprock infiltration study was also intended to characterize hydraulic gradients and operational unsaturated hydraulic conductivities in the radon barrier.

Not Available

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

In-situ studies on the performance of landfill caps (compacted soil liners, geomembranes, geosynthetic clay liners, capillary barriers)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1986 different types of landfill covers have been studied in-situ on the Georgswerder landfill in Hamburg, Germany. Water balance data are available for eight years. The performance of different carriers has been measured by collecting the leakage on areas ranging from 100 m{sup 2} to 500 m{sup 2}. Composite liners with geomembranes performed best, showing no leakage. An extended capillary barrier also performed well. The performance of compacted soil liners, however, decreased severely within five years due to desiccation, shrinkage and plant root penetration (liner leakage now ranging from 150 mm/a to 200 mm/a). About 50 % of the water that reaches the surface of the liner is leaking through it. The maximum leakage rates have increased from 2 x 10{sup -10} m{sup 3} m{sup -2} s{sup -1} to 4 x 10{sup -8} m{sup 3} m{sup -2} s{sup -1}. Two types of geosynthetic clay liners (GCL) have been tested for two years now with disappointing results. The GCL desiccated during the first dry summer of the study. High percolation rates through the GCL were measured during the following winter (45 mm resp. 63 mm in four months). Wetting of the GCL did not significantly reduce the percolation rates.

Melchior, S. [IGB - Ingenieurbuero fuer Grundbau, Hamburg (Germany)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

478

Ion-exchanged pillared clays: A new class of catalysts for selective catalytic reduction of NO by hydrocarbons and by ammonia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NO by NH{sub 3} is presently performed with vanadia-based catalysts for flue gas applications. Hydrocarbons would be the preferred reducing agents over NH{sub 3} because of the practical problems associated with the use of NH{sub 3} (i.e., handling and slippage through the reactor). SCR of NO by hydrocarbons can also find important applications for lean-burn (i.e., O{sub 2}-rich) gasoline and diesel engines where the noble-metal three-way catalysts are not effective in the presence of excess oxygen. Pillared interlayered clays (PILCs) have been studied extensively for a number of catalyzed reactions. We have found high activities of PILCs for SCR of NO by NH{sub 3} (26.28). Pillared clays have considerable Bronsted acidity (27, 28), and the protons can be exchanged with metal cations. The Bronsted acidity of TiO{sub 2}-PILC, in particular, remains high after heat treatment at temperatures as high as 400{degrees}C (27-29). In this note, we report first results on the activities of cation-exchanged pillared clays for SCR of NO by both hydrocarbon and NH{sub 3}. 37 refs., 3 figs.

NONE

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

{sup 31}P NMR study of the complexation of TBP with lanthanides and actinides in solution and in a clay matrix  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Goal was to use NMR to study TBP/lanthanide complexes in the interlayer or on edge sites of clays. Work in this laboratory yielded details of the complexation of Eu(NO{sub 3}){sub 3} and Pr(NO{sub 3}){sub 3} with TBP in hexane solution; this information is crucial to interpretation of results of NMR studies of the complexes exchanged into clays. The solution {sup 31}P-chemical shift values were improved by repeating the studies on the lanthanide salts dissolved directly into neat TBP. NMR studies of these neat solutions of the Eu(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}{lg_bullet}3TBP-complex and the Pr(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}{lg_bullet}3TBP-complex show that the {sup 31}P chemical shift remains relatively constant for TBP: lanthanide ratios below 3: 1. At higher ratios, the chemical shift approaches that of free TBP, indicating rapid exchange of TBP between the free and complexed state. Exchange of these complexes into the clay hectorite yielded discrete {sup 31}P-NMR signals for the Eu{lg_bullet}TBP complex at -190 ppm and free TBP at -6 ppm. Adsorption of the Pr{lg_bullet}TBP complex yielded broad signals at 76 ppm for the complex and -6 ppm for free TBP. There was no evidence of exchange between the incorporated complex and the free TBP.

Hartzell, C.J. [Northern Arizona Univ., Flagstaff, AZ (United States)

1994-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

480

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.  

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PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only. This is a closed system since no mass crosses the boundaries of the system. The energy balance for this system can, the temperature of the air will also not change. Applying the ideal gas equation gives kPa500o 3 3 2 1 122211 m4 m

Bahrami, Majid

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hill clay ellis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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481

Improved Oil Recovery from Upper Jurassic Smackover Carbonates through the Application of Advanced Technologies at Womack Hill Oil Field, Choctaw and Clarke Counties, Eastern Gulf Coastal Plain, Class II  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The principal objectives of the project were: increasing the productivity and profitability of the Womack Hill Field Unit, thereby extending the economic life of this Class II Reservoir and transferring effectively and in a timely manner the knowledge gained and technology developed from this project to producers who are operating other domestic fields with Class II Reservoirs.

Mancini, Ernest, A.; Crate, David; Blasingame, Thomas; Major, R.P.; Brown, Lewis; Stafford, Wayne

2002-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

482

1David N. Hill, 10/12/01 11:31 AM -0700, NSO-PAC4 meeting at LLNL on Nov 29 X-Sender: e393909@poptop.llnl.gov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dear NSO PAC member, The next NSO PAC meeting will be at Lawrence Livermore National Lab November 29th ***************************************** Permanent Business address: Dr. David N. Hill, L-637 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory P.O. Box 808 in the fusion program or participate in a tour of SSPX or NIF (we are trying to arrange for a tour of NIF

483

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.  

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PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only it without permission. 8-38 8-53 Heium expands in an adiabatic turbine from a specified inlet state There is only one inlet and one exit, and thus mmm 21 . We take the turbine as the system, which is a control

Bahrami, Majid

484

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.  

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PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted onlyC as the heat source. The mass flow rate of steam through the turbine, the isentropic efficiency of the turbine, the power output from the turbine, and the thermal efficiency of the plant are to be determined. Assumptions

Bahrami, Majid

485

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PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only it without permission. 5-31 5-49 Steam expands in a turbine. The change in kinetic energy, the power output, and the turbine inlet area are to be determined. Assumptions 1 This is a steady-flow process since

Bahrami, Majid

486

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PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only it without permission. 6-35 6-52 Steam expands in a turbine. The change in kinetic energy, the power output, and the turbine inlet area are to be determined. Assumptions 1 This is a steady-flow process since

Bahrami, Majid

487

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PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to the turbine and compressor gives kJ/kg7.174 K)2933.566)(KkJ/kg005.1(K)9.6251073)(KkJ/kg005.1( )()( 1254net

Bahrami, Majid

488

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.  

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PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only it without permission. 10-95 10-90 A combined gas-steam power plant is considered. The topping cycle is a gas-turbine of the low-pressure turbine, the steam temperature at the inlet of the high-pressure turbine, and the thermal

Bahrami, Majid

489

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PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only of the steam extracted from the turbine at a relatively high pressure is used for process heating. The netPa 0.6 MPa 4 5 3 Qout ∑ Qin ∑ Qproces ∑ 6 8 1 5 Turbine Boiler Condenser Process heater P IP II 4 2 3 7

Bahrami, Majid

490

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PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only from the steam turbine and the binary cycle, and the thermal efficiencies for the binary cycle from the steam turbine and the binary cycle are kW15,410 kJ/kg)7.23448.1kJ/kg)(27438.19()( 433steam

Bahrami, Majid

491

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.  

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PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only it without permission. 8-32 8-60 Steam is expanded in an isentropic turbine. The work produced is isentropic (i.e., reversible-adiabatic). Analysis There is one inlet and two exits. We take the turbine

Bahrami, Majid

492

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.  

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separator steam turbine 1 condenser 2 3 4 5 6 Flash chamber #12;PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2011 The McPROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted onlyC as the heat source. The power output from the turbine, the thermal efficiency of the plant, the exergy

Bahrami, Majid

493

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PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only of the high-pressure turbine and the mass flow rate of air are to be determined. Assumptions 1 Steady is equal to the power output from the high-pressure turbine. Then, K1278.5 5.4942731500 )()( 2134 4312

Bahrami, Majid

494

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.  

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PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only-63 Steam expands in a two-stage adiabatic turbine from a specified state to another state. Some steam is extracted at the end of the first stage. The power output of the turbine is to be determined. Assumptions 1

Bahrami, Majid

495

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PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only it without permission. 8-106 8-114 Steam expands in a two-stage adiabatic turbine from a specified state The turbine is adiabatic and thus heat transfer is negligible. 4 The environment temperature is given to be T0

Bahrami, Majid

496

Review of mineral estate of the United States at Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 2, Buena Vista Hills Field, Kern County, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to present this Consultant`s findings regarding the nature and extent of the mineral estate of the United States at National Petroleum Reserve No. 2 (NPR-2), Buena Vista Hills Field, Kern County, California. Determination of the mineral estate is a necessary prerequisite to this Consultant`s calculation of estimated future cash flows attributable to said estate, which calculations are presented in the accompanying report entitled ``Phase II Final Report, Study of Alternatives for Future Operations of the Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves, NPR-2, California.`` This Report contains a discussion of the leases in effect at NPR-2 and subsequent contracts affecting such leases. This Report also summarizes discrepancies found between the current royalty calculation procedures utilized at NPR-2 and those procedures required under applicable agreements and regulations. Recommendations for maximizing the government`s income stream at NPR-2 are discussed in the concluding section of this Report.

NONE

1996-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

497

Long-term leaching of trace elements in a heavily sludge-amended silty clay loam soil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analysis by ICP-MS of shallow groundwater collected at a field site in New York that had been heavily loaded with sewage sludge more than 15 years earlier revealed elevated concentrations of Cu, Zn, Sr, Rb, Mo, Cd, As, Cr, Ni, Sb, W, Ag, Hg, and Sn compared with a nearby control site. Enhanced leaching of some elements from this near-neutral, fine-textured (silty clay loam) soil could be explained by exchange of soil-bound elements by components of the added sludge. For most of the heavy metals, however, increased leaching was a response to the high metal loadings in the soil, probably facilitated by higher dissolved organic matter in the leachate. Laboratory-determined distribution coefficients, K{sub D}, for the metals in newly prepared sludge/soil mixtures were lower than K{sub D} values of the field-aged sludge-treated soil, suggesting that metal mobility may have been substantially higher shortly after sludge application than many years later. Cumulative losses of certain trace elements from the topsoil have been estimated relative to Cr, a comparatively immobile element. These suggest that relative long-term losses range from 20 to 80%, with the order being: Sr, Mo, Sb {gt} Ni, Cd, Cu {gt} Zn, Ag. Generally, those elements with the smallest K{sub D} values (most soluble) measured recently in the soil had the largest loss estimates. However, present leaching loss rates are too slow to explain the estimated relative losses of several of these elements from the topsoil over the 15 or more years since sludge application.

McBride, M.B.; Richards, B.K.; Steenhuis, T.; Spiers, G.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Early containment of high-alkaline solution simulating low-level radioactive waste stream in clay-bearing blended cement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Portland cement blended with fly ash and attapulgite clay was mixed with high-alkaline solution simulating low-level radioactive waste stream at a one-to-one weight ratio. Mixtures were adiabatically and isothermally cured at various temperatures and analyzed for phase composition, total alkalinity, pore solution chemistry, and transport properties as measured by impedance spectroscopy. Total alkalinity is characterized by two main drops. The early one corresponds to a rapid removal of phosphorous, aluminum, sodium, and to a lesser extent potassium solution. The second drop from about 10 h to 3 days is mainly associated with the removal of aluminum, silicon, and sodium. Thereafter, the total alkalinity continues descending, but at a lower rate. All pastes display a rapid flow loss that is attributed to an early precipitation of hydrated products. Hemicarbonate appears as early as one hour after mixing and is probably followed by apatite precipitation. However, the former is unstable and decomposes at a rate that is inversely related to the curing temperature. At high temperatures, zeolite appears at about 10 h after mixing. At 30 days, the stabilized crystalline composition Includes zeolite, apatite and other minor amounts of CaCO{sub 3}, quartz, and monosulfate Impedance spectra conform with the chemical and mineralogical data. The normalized conductivity of the pastes shows an early drop, which is followed by a main decrease from about 12 h to three days. At three days, the permeability of the cement-based waste as calculated by Katz-Thompson equation is over three orders of magnitude lower than that of ordinary portland cement paste. However, a further decrease in the calculated permeability is questionable. Chemical stabilization is favorable through incorporation of waste species into apatite and zeolite.

Kruger, A.A. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Olson, R.A.; Tennis, P.D. [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Center for Advanced Cement-Based Materials] [and others

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

CO2 Storage and Enhanced Oil Recovery: Bald Unit Test Site, Mumford Hills Oil Field, Posey County, Indiana  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium (MGSC) carried out a small-scale carbon dioxide (CO2) injection test in a sandstone within the Clore Formation (Mississippian System, Chesterian Series) in order to gauge the large-scale CO2 storage that might be realized from enhanced oil recovery (EOR) of mature Illinois Basin oil fields via miscible liquid CO2 flooding. As part of the MGSC√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Ę√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?s Validation Phase (Phase II) studies, the small injection pilot test was conducted at the Bald Unit site within the Mumford Hills Field in Posey County, southwestern Indiana, which was chosen for the project on the basis of site infrastructure and reservoir conditions. Geologic data on the target formation were extensive. Core analyses, porosity and permeability data, and geophysical logs from 40 wells were used to construct cross sections and structure contour and isopach maps in order to characterize and define the reservoir architecture of the target formation. A geocellular model of the reservoir was constructed to improve understanding of CO2 behavior in the subsurface. At the time of site selection, the Field was under secondary recovery through edge-water injection, but the wells selected for the pilot in the Bald Unit had been temporarily shut-in for several years. The most recently shut-in production well, which was surrounded by four nearby shut-in production wells in a five-spot pattern, was converted to CO2 injection for this pilot. Two additional wells outside the immediate five-spot pattern, one of which was an active producer, were instrumented to measure surface temperature and pressure. The CO2 injection period lasted from September 3, 2009, through December 14, 2010, with one three-month interruption caused by cessation of CO2 deliveries due to winter weather. Water was injected into the CO2 injection well during this period. A total of 6,300 tonnes (6,950 tons) of CO2 were injected into the reservoir at rates that generally ranged from 18 to 32 tonnes (20 to 35 tons) per day. The CO2 injection bottomhole pressure generally remained at 8.3 to 9.0 MPag (1,200 to 1,300 psig). The CO2 injection was followed by continued monitoring for nine months during post-CO2 water injection. A monitoring, verification, and accounting (MVA) program was designed to determine the fate of injected CO2. Extensive periodic sampling and analysis of brine, groundwater, and produced gases began before CO2 injection and continued through the monitored waterflood periods. Samples were gathered from production wells and three newly installed groundwater monitoring wells. Samples underwent geochemical and isotopic analyses to reveal any CO2-related changes. Groundwater and kinetic modeling and mineralogical analysis were also employed to better understand the long-term dynamics of CO2 in the reservoir. No CO2 leakage into groundwater was detected, and analysis of brine and gas chemistry made it possible to track the path of plume migration and infer geochemical reactions and trapping of CO2. Cased-hole logging did not detect any CO2 in the near-wellbore region. An increase in CO2 concentration was first detected in February 2010 from the gas present in the carboy during brine sampling; however, there was no appreciable gas volume associated with the detection of CO2. The first indication of elevated gas rates from the commingled gas of the pilot√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬Ę√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?√?¬?s production wells occurred in July 2010 and reached a maximum of 0.36 tonnes/day (0.41 tons/day) in September 2010. An estimated 27 tonnes (30 tons) of CO2 were produced at the surface from the gas separator at the tank battery from September 3, 2009, through September 11, 2011, representing 0.5% of the injected CO2. Consequently, 99.5%

Frailey, Scott M.; Krapac, Ivan G.; Damico, James R.; Okwen, Roland T.; McKaskle, Ray W.

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

500

A MEMS BODY FLUID FLOW SENSOR Ellis Meng1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for its stability, accuracy, and high temperature coefficient of resistivity (TCR). Additional packaging the device using compressed air. The flow rate is adjusted by a metering valve and calibrated using

Meng, Ellis