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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

ARM - Journal Articles 2008  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Journal Articles : 2008 Author Article Title Journal Research Highlight Funded By Berg Temporal variability of fair-weather cumulus statistics at the ACRF SGP site (Citation)...

2

ARM - Journal Articles 2013  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govPublicationsJournal Articles 2013 govPublicationsJournal Articles 2013 Publications Journal Articles Conference Documents Program Documents Technical Reports Publications Database Public Information Materials Image Library Videos Publication Resources Submit a Publication Publishing Procedures ARM Style Guide (PDF, 448KB) Acronyms Glossary Logos Contacts RSS for Publications Journal Search [ Advanced Search ] Publication Years 2013 149 2012 163 2011 185 2010 197 2009 213 2008 174 2007 150 2006 213 2005 139 2004 141 2003 187 2002 205 2001 207 2000 232 1999 136 1998 172 1997 103 1996 84 1995 124 1994 65 1993 51 1992 47 1991 25 1990 12 1986 1 Journal Articles : 2013 Author Article Title Journal Funded By Kafle Micropulse lidar-derived aerosol optical depth climatology at ARM sites worldwide (Citation) Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres ARM

3

Recent Refereed Journal Articles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recent Journal Articles Recent Journal Articles Recent Refereed Journal Articles Print Monday, 16 August 2010 17:38 General Information Refereed journal articles before 2010 will be posted in an archive. Articles may also be searched by beamline, author, journal, or year. View Journal Covers showcasing ALS science. All staff and users are reminded that when submitting any article based on work conducted in whole or in part at the ALS, must include the following acknowledgment statement: The Advanced Light Source is supported by the Director, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. Report Publications, Awards, Talks here . 2010 Refereed Publications Al-Khatatbeh, Y., Y. Lee, and B. Kiefer, "Phase relations and hardness trends of ZrO2 phases at high pressure ," Phys. Rev. B 81(21), 214102 (2010). 12.2.2

4

ARM - Journal Articles 2006  

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6 6 Publications Journal Articles Conference Documents Program Documents Technical Reports Publications Database Public Information Materials Image Library Videos Publication Resources Submit a Publication Publishing Procedures ARM Style Guide (PDF, 448KB) Acronyms Glossary Logos Contacts RSS for Publications Journal Search [ Advanced Search ] Publication Years 2013 149 2012 163 2011 185 2010 197 2009 213 2008 174 2007 150 2006 213 2005 139 2004 141 2003 187 2002 205 2001 207 2000 232 1999 136 1998 172 1997 103 1996 84 1995 124 1994 65 1993 51 1992 47 1991 25 1990 12 1986 1 Journal Articles : 2006 Author Article Title Journal Funded By Kogan Large-eddy simulation of air parcels in stratocumulus clouds: Time scales and spatial variability (Citation) Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences ARM Duchon Broadband albedo observations in the Southern Great Plains (Citation) Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology ARM

5

ARM - Journal Articles 2004  

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4 4 Publications Journal Articles Conference Documents Program Documents Technical Reports Publications Database Public Information Materials Image Library Videos Publication Resources Submit a Publication Publishing Procedures ARM Style Guide (PDF, 448KB) Acronyms Glossary Logos Contacts RSS for Publications Journal Search [ Advanced Search ] Publication Years 2013 149 2012 163 2011 185 2010 197 2009 213 2008 174 2007 150 2006 213 2005 139 2004 141 2003 187 2002 205 2001 207 2000 232 1999 136 1998 172 1997 103 1996 84 1995 124 1994 65 1993 51 1992 47 1991 25 1990 12 1986 1 Journal Articles : 2004 Author Article Title Journal Funded By Jakob Use of cloud radar observations for model evaluation: A probabilistic approach (Citation) Journal of Geophysical Research ARM Schultz Snowbands during the cold-air outbreak of 23 January 2003. (Citation) Monthly Weather Review ARM

6

ARM - Journal Articles 2007  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 Publications Journal Articles Conference Documents Program Documents Technical Reports Publications Database Public Information Materials Image Library Videos Publication Resources Submit a Publication Publishing Procedures ARM Style Guide (PDF, 448KB) Acronyms Glossary Logos Contacts RSS for Publications Journal Search [ Advanced Search ] Publication Years 2013 149 2012 163 2011 185 2010 197 2009 213 2008 174 2007 150 2006 213 2005 139 2004 141 2003 187 2002 205 2001 207 2000 232 1999 136 1998 172 1997 103 1996 84 1995 124 1994 65 1993 51 1992 47 1991 25 1990 12 1986 1 Journal Articles : 2007 Author Article Title Journal Funded By McFarlane Optical properties of shallow tropical cumuli derived from ARM ground-based remote sensing (Citation) Geophysical Research Letters ARM Mattioli Analysis of Radiosonde and ground-based remotely sensed PWV data from the 2004 North Slope of Alaska Arctic Winter Radiometric Experiment (Citation) Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology ARM

7

ARM - Journal Articles 2003  

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3 3 Publications Journal Articles Conference Documents Program Documents Technical Reports Publications Database Public Information Materials Image Library Videos Publication Resources Submit a Publication Publishing Procedures ARM Style Guide (PDF, 448KB) Acronyms Glossary Logos Contacts RSS for Publications Journal Search [ Advanced Search ] Publication Years 2013 149 2012 163 2011 185 2010 197 2009 213 2008 174 2007 150 2006 213 2005 139 2004 141 2003 187 2002 205 2001 207 2000 232 1999 136 1998 172 1997 103 1996 84 1995 124 1994 65 1993 51 1992 47 1991 25 1990 12 1986 1 Journal Articles : 2003 Author Article Title Journal Funded By Dong Arctic stratus cloud properties and radiative forcing at the ARM NSA site (Citation) J. Climate ARM Zurovac-Jevtic Development and test of a cirrus parameterization scheme using NCAR CCM3 (Citation) Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences ARM

8

ARM - Journal Articles 2009  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

09 09 Publications Journal Articles Conference Documents Program Documents Technical Reports Publications Database Public Information Materials Image Library Videos Publication Resources Submit a Publication Publishing Procedures ARM Style Guide (PDF, 448KB) Acronyms Glossary Logos Contacts RSS for Publications Journal Search [ Advanced Search ] Publication Years 2013 149 2012 163 2011 185 2010 197 2009 213 2008 174 2007 150 2006 213 2005 139 2004 141 2003 187 2002 205 2001 207 2000 232 1999 136 1998 172 1997 103 1996 84 1995 124 1994 65 1993 51 1992 47 1991 25 1990 12 1986 1 Journal Articles : 2009 Author Article Title Journal Funded By de Gouw Emission and chemistry of organic carbon in the gas and aerosol phase at a sub-urban site near Mexico City in March 2006 during the MILAGRO study (Citation) Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics ARM

9

ARM - Journal Articles 2002  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 Publications Journal Articles Conference Documents Program Documents Technical Reports Publications Database Public Information Materials Image Library Videos Publication Resources Submit a Publication Publishing Procedures ARM Style Guide (PDF, 448KB) Acronyms Glossary Logos Contacts RSS for Publications Journal Search [ Advanced Search ] Publication Years 2013 149 2012 163 2011 185 2010 197 2009 213 2008 174 2007 150 2006 213 2005 139 2004 141 2003 187 2002 205 2001 207 2000 232 1999 136 1998 172 1997 103 1996 84 1995 124 1994 65 1993 51 1992 47 1991 25 1990 12 1986 1 Journal Articles : 2002 Author Article Title Journal Funded By Smith A Simple Model of Cirrus Horizontal Inhomogeneity and Cloud Fraction (Citation) Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. ARM Jensen Radiative impacts of anvil outflow during the Maritime Continent Thunderstorm Experiment (Citation) J. of Appl. Meteor. ARM

10

ARM - Journal Articles 2011  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Publications Journal Articles Conference Documents Program Documents Technical Reports Publications Database Public Information Materials Image Library Videos Publication Resources Submit a Publication Publishing Procedures ARM Style Guide (PDF, 448KB) Acronyms Glossary Logos Contacts RSS for Publications Journal Search [ Advanced Search ] Publication Years 2013 149 2012 163 2011 185 2010 197 2009 213 2008 174 2007 150 2006 213 2005 139 2004 141 2003 187 2002 205 2001 207 2000 232 1999 136 1998 172 1997 103 1996 84 1995 124 1994 65 1993 51 1992 47 1991 25 1990 12 1986 1 Journal Articles : 2011 Author Article Title Journal Funded By Torn Seasonal and inter-annual variability in δ13C of net ecosystem carbon exchanges from 2002-2009 in the U.S. Southern Great Plains (Citation) Tellus ARM Lin Parameterization of riming intensity and its impact on ice fall speed using ARM data (Citation) Monthly Weather Review ARM

11

Journal Articles | The Ames Laboratory  

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Journal Articles Journal of Forensic Sciences Bommarito, C., Sturdevant, A. and D. Szymanski. 2007. Analysis of Forensic Soil Samples via HPLC and IC. Volume 52 (1), pp. 24-30. PDF...

12

ARM - Journal Articles 2013 - 2014  

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govPublicationsJournal Articles 2013 - 2014 govPublicationsJournal Articles 2013 - 2014 Publications Journal Articles Conference Documents Program Documents Technical Reports Publications Database Public Information Materials Image Library Videos Publication Resources Submit a Publication Publishing Procedures ARM Style Guide (PDF, 448KB) Acronyms Glossary Logos Contacts RSS for Publications Journal Search [ Advanced Search ] Publication Years 2013 149 2012 163 2011 185 2010 197 2009 213 2008 174 2007 150 2006 213 2005 139 2004 141 2003 187 2002 205 2001 207 2000 232 1999 136 1998 172 1997 103 1996 84 1995 124 1994 65 1993 51 1992 47 1991 25 1990 12 1986 1 Journal Articles : 2013 - 2014 Author Article Title Journal Funded By Kafle Micropulse lidar-derived aerosol optical depth climatology at ARM sites worldwide (Citation) Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres ARM

13

ARM - Journal Articles 2005  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Random Noise: Impact on Simulated Climate (Citation) Journal of Climate ARM Zuidema Ship-based liquid water path estimates in marine stratocumulus (Citation) Journal of...

14

HIGHLIGHTS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cobalt discovery replaces precious Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst November 26, 2012 Novel cobalt system supports less expensive hydrogenation and the creation of everyday products HIGHLIGHTS * Cobalt may substitute as industrial catalyst for energy-related technologies * Catalysts are integral to thousands of industrial, synthetic, and renewable energy processes * Common cobalt may replace pricier, rare metal relatives * Potential applications: biofuel production, carbon dioxide reduction, basic necessary chemistry - 2 - LOS ALAMOS, N.M., November 26, 2012-Cobalt, a common metal, holds promise as an industrial catalyst with potential applications in such energy-related technologies such as the production of biofuels and the reduction of carbon dioxide. That is, provided

15

Research Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Highlights Highlights Form Submit a New Research Highlight Sort Highlights Submitter Title Research Area Working Group Submission Date DOE Progress Reports Notable Research Findings for 2001-2006 Biological and Environmental Research Abstracts Database Research Highlights Summaries Research Highlights Members of ARM's science team are major contributors to radiation and cloud research. ARM investigators publish about 150 refereed journal articles per year, and ARM data are used in many studies published by other scientific organizations. These documented research efforts represent tangible evidence of ARM's contribution to advances in almost all areas of atmospheric radiation and cloud research. Below is a selection of summaries highlighting recently-published ARM research. The entire collection of ARM

16

highlight  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Highlights International Oil Markets World Oil Prices - How High Will They Go? Our forecast this month is that the world oil price should remain high for most of the year as inventories are expected to remain low, even with an assumed increase in OPEC production of 1 million barrels per day beginning in April. The average cost per barrel of crude oil imported into the United States and delivered to U.S. refiners (the benchmark price used in this forecast) is expected to increase from $26.65 per barrel in the first quarter of 2000 to $27.65 per barrel in the second quarter this year. After that we expect a gradual falling off throughout the rest of 2000 and 2001 to end between $22.25 and $22.50 per barrel by the fourth quarter of 2001 (Figure 1). (Note: for comparison purposes, the price of West Texas

17

highlights  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Highlights International Oil Markets International Oil Supply: This forecast assumes that OPEC 10 (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries excluding Iraq) crude oil production will be 25.2 million barrels per day in the second quarter, 0.9 million barrels per day above first quarter production levels (Figure 1). This is about 0.5 million barrels per day above their production target of 24.69 million barrels per day. The forecast then assumes another 0.1 million barrels per day increase in OPEC 10 crude oil production in the third quarter and an additional 0.5 million barrel per day increase in the fourth quarter of 2000. If OPEC fails to increase production in the third or fourth quarters of 2000 as assumed in this forecast, higher oil prices would be expected.

18

highlights  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

June 2000 June 2000 Highlights Overview Renewed strength in world oil prices following a short-lived slump in April and a dramatic rally in domestic natural gas prices in response to weak storage injection performance and general worries about near-term gas supplies has prompted us to sharply increase expected levels for energy prices in the short term. Given our general expectations about growth in world oil demand and supply, the oil price adjustment for this Outlook is a shift in the expected level and not a move away from the conviction that prices should trend downward from current levels by year end. Meanwhile, as higher crude oil prices have intervened, and as generally low inventories have resulted in some greater-than- expected tightness in gasoline markets, particularly in the Midwest, we now

19

Highlights  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

January 2010 January 2010 1 January 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook January 12, 2010 Release Highlights This edition of the Short-Term Energy Outlook is the first to include monthly forecasts through December 2011. EIA expects that the price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil, which averaged $62 per barrel in 2009, will average about $80 and $84 per barrel in 2010 and 2011, respectively. EIA's forecast assumes that U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) grows by 2.0 percent in 2010 and by 2.7 percent in 2011, while world oil-consumption-weighted real GDP grows by 2.5 percent and 3.7 percent in 2010 and 2011, respectively. Escalating crude oil prices drive the annual average regular-grade gasoline retail price from $2.35 per gallon in 2009 to $2.84 in 2010 and $2.96 in 2011.

20

Author template for journal articles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

28E 28E Economics of Residential Gas Furnaces and Water Heaters in United States New Construction Market Alex B. Lekov, Victor H. Franco, Gabrielle Wong-Parodi, James E. McMahon, and Peter Chan Environmental Energy Technologies Division October 2009 This manuscript has been authored by an author at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231 with the U.S. Department of Energy. The U.S. Government retains, and the publisher, by accepting the article for publication, acknowledges, that the U.S. Government retains a non-exclusive, paid-up, irrevocable, world-wide license to publish or reproduce the published form of this manuscript, or allow others to do so, for U.S. Government purposes. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "highlights journal articles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Denis White ~ Publications PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Denis White ~ Publications PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES: (Some PDF files are provided with permission of the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping and Taylor and Francis) Hopton ME, White D. 2012. A simplified ecological footprint at a regional scale. Journal of Environmental Management 111:279-286. White D

Jenny, Bernhard

22

LANL physicists discuss electrical grid in journal article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physicists discuss electrical grid in journal article Physicists discuss electrical grid in journal article LANL physicists discuss electrical grid in journal article Scott Backhaus and Michael Chertkov are authors of an article for Physics Today that outlines the physics of several phenomena associated with power grid behavior. October 17, 2013 High voltage transmission lines carry electrical power. High voltage transmission lines carry electrical power. Calling upon their physics experience, Backhaus and Chertkov present an overview of grid physics, voltage collapse, generator synchronization, electromechanical waves, new probabilistic measures of grid reliability and the nonlinear and hysteretic dynamics of distribution grids. Electrical grids are the largest engineered systems ever built. Expected to reliably deliver power whenever and wherever consumers demand it, the

23

LANL physicists discuss electrical grid in journal article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physicists discuss electrical grid in journal article Physicists discuss electrical grid in journal article LANL physicists discuss electrical grid in journal article Scott Backhaus and Michael Chertkov are authors of an article for Physics Today that outlines the physics of several phenomena associated with power grid behavior. October 17, 2013 High voltage transmission lines carry electrical power. High voltage transmission lines carry electrical power. Calling upon their physics experience, Backhaus and Chertkov present an overview of grid physics, voltage collapse, generator synchronization, electromechanical waves, new probabilistic measures of grid reliability and the nonlinear and hysteretic dynamics of distribution grids. Electrical grids are the largest engineered systems ever built. Expected to reliably deliver power whenever and wherever consumers demand it, the

24

Student-Led Engagement of Journal Article Authors in the Classroom Using Web-Based Videoconferencing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Student-Led Engagement of Journal Article Authors in the Classroom Using Web-Based Videoconferencing ... Publication Date (Web): November 11, 2014 ... The learning environment described here uses Web-based videoconferencing technology to merge the traditional classroom journal article discussion with student-led interviews of journal article authors. ...

Brian J. Stockman

2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

25

INVESTIGATION HIGHLIGHTED ARTICLE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, **Department of Human Genetics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City,§§§ Charles H. Langley, and David B. Neale* *Department of Plant Sciences, and Department of Evolution

Yandell, Mark

26

05/08/2008 11:34A-IBMN HIGHLIGHTS Page 1 of 2http://www.natureasia.com/A-IMBN/cms/preview.php?article_id=119  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

05/08/2008 11:34A-IBMN HIGHLIGHTS Page 1 of 2http://www.natureasia.com/A-IMBN/cms/preview.php;05/08/2008 11:34A-IBMN HIGHLIGHTS Page 2 of 2http://www.natureasia.com/A-IMBN/cms/preview.php?article_id=119 3

Gardner, Andy

27

JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS 132, 157166 (1997) ARTICLE NO. CP965604  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS 132, 157­166 (1997) ARTICLE NO. CP965604 A Generalized Particle). Then, if xp j there exists one and only one point tion in plasma physics, astrophysics, and molecular

Frey, Pascal

28

Photon Sciences Directorate | 2010 Annual Report | Science Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Highlights Science Highlights In FY10, Photon Sciences staff and users published 893 articles in journals, conference proceedings, reports, books, dissertations, and patents. Almost 20 percent were published in premiere journals (those that have an impact factor of 6 or greater). The following highlights are representative of this extensive and diverse research, ranging from the creation of new catalysts for alternative energy production to the exploration of the inner workings of diseases like tuberculosis and cancer. FY10 Publication Count Pub Type Total Staff Total Pubs 893 110 Total Journals 747 84 Peer Reviewed Journals 724 81 Peer Reviewed Premier Journals 165 21 Conference Proceedings 68 18 Reports: Technical, Formal, Informal 2 2 Books / Book Chapters 18 4

29

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Life Cycle Journal Reference: Riihimaki LD, SA McFarlane, and JM Comstock. 2012. "Climatology and formation of tropical midlevel clouds at the Darwin ARM site." Journal of...

30

Journal of Sound and Vibration (1998) 215(5), 10651099 Article No. sv981634  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of Sound and Vibration (1998) 215(5), 1065­1099 Article No. sv981634 THE EFFECTS OF IMPERFECTIONS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF THE SUBHARMONIC VIBRATION ABSORBER SYSTEM C.-P. CHAO AND S. W. SHAW of centrifugal pendulum vibration absorbers (CPVAs) that is very effective at reducing torsional vibration levels

Shaw, Steven W.

31

article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Phase change related degradation of catalyst layers in proton Phase change related degradation of catalyst layers in proton exchange membrane fuel cells journal Electrochimica Acta volume year month pages abstract p Understanding and optimizing water and thermal management in the catalyst layer of proton exchange membrane fuel cells is crucial for performance and durability improvements This is especially the case at low temperatures where liquid water and even ice may exist In this article the durability of a traditional Pt C dispersed and a nanostructure thin film NSTF membrane electrode assembly MEA are examined under wet dry and freeze thaw cycles using both in situ and ex situ experiments Multiple isothermal cold starts result in a performance degradation for the dispersed MEA while no such a degradation is found

32

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aerosol Life Cycle, Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Xu L, LM Russell, RC Somerville, and PK Quinn. 2013. "Frost flower aerosol effects on Arctic...

33

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Key Contributor to Low-Level Cloud Reflectivity Submitter: Penner, J. E., University of Michigan Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Journal Reference:...

34

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Journal Reference: Kelly, JT, CC Chuang, and AS Wexler. 2007. "Influence of dust composition on cloud droplet...

35

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Turner DD and PJ Gero. 2011. "Downwelling infrared radiance temperature climatology for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Southern Great Plains site." Journal of...

36

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of aggregates of bullet rosettes in cirrus." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 46, 757-775. Two images of idealized geometry of the representation of aggregates...

37

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference:...

38

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Schween, J. H., Inst. of Geophysics and Meteorology Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference:...

39

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Xie, S., Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Xie S,...

40

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Xie, S., Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Xie...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "highlights journal articles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optical Properties of the 1997 TWP Smoke Event Submitter: Spinhirne, J., University of Arizona Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal...

42

PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [CDL Journals Account  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Online Publication Date: 01 April 2008 To cite this Article Taché, S and Allied Sciences, School of Medicine, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Abstract The shortage of qualified health

Klein, Ophir

43

Science Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Highlights Highlights Science Highlights Science highlights feature research conducted by staff and users at the ALS. If a Power Point summary slide or a PDF handout of the highlight is available, you will find it linked beneath the highlight listing and on the highlight's page. You may also print a version of a highlight by clicking the print icon associated with each highlight. The Molecular Ingenuity of a Unique Fish Scale Print Monday, 25 November 2013 12:06 ALS research has shown how the scales of a freshwater fish found in the Amazon Basin can literally re-orient themselves in real time to resist force, in essence creating an adaptable body armor. Read more... New Research on Jamming Behavior Expands Understanding Print Tuesday, 22 October 2013 00:00 Recent ALS research has revealed that even magnetic domains behave very much like other granular material systems, and their dynamical behavior mimics the universal characteristics of several jammed systems.

44

PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [CDL Journals Account  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prasanna Jayalath a ; Subhash Pokharel ab ; Eduardo Véliz a ; Peter A. Beal a a Department of Chemistry City, Utah, USA To cite this Article Jayalath, Prasanna, Pokharel, Subhash, Véliz, Eduardo and Beal and Peter A. Beal1 1 Department of Chemistry, University of California, Davis, California, USA 2 Department

Beal, Peter A.

45

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Shrivastava M, LK Berg, J Fast, R Easter, A Laskin, WI Gustafson, Y Liu, and CM Berkowitz. 2013. "Modeling...

46

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Kassianov E, J Barnard, M Pekour, L Berg, J Shilling, C Flynn, F Mei, and A Jefferson. 2014. "Simultaneous retrieval of...

47

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Qian Y, MY Huang, B Yang, and LK Berg. 2013. "A modeling study of irrigation effects on surface fluxes and land-air-cloud...

48

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Moffet RC, TC Rdel, ST Kelly, XY Yu, GT Carroll, J Fast, RA Zaveri, A Laskin, and MK Gilles. 2013....

49

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

using spectral microphysical modeling." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 52(12), doi:10.1175JAMC-D-13-073.1. Ryzhkov AV, MR Kumjian, SM Ganson, and P...

50

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

tracking clouds using scanning ARM cloud radars." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, , . ONLINE. A 2.5-hour long observing sequence from 25 May 2011 of (a) the Total...

51

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Cole, J. N. S., H. W. Barker, D. A. Randall, M. F. Khairoutdinov, and E. E. Clothiaux (2005), Global consequences of interactions...

52

2013 ALS User Meeting Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2013 ALS User Meeting Highlights 2013 ALS User Meeting Highlights 2013 ALS User Meeting Highlights Print This year's ALS User Meeting launched with a welcome from Users' Executive Committee Chair Corie Ralston and LBNL Director Paul Alivisatos. ALS Director Roger Falcone followed with a "state of the ALS" presentation that began with a reminder of the ALS mission, which he noted remains true even in the midst of a government shutdown: "Supporting users in doing outstanding science in a safe environment." Falcone gave the 414 meeting attendees an update on the ALS beamlines, which included good news about increased user numbers thanks to the new RAPIDD access system, enhanced robotics, and remote capabilities. Falcone reflected that ALS metrics continue to represent our highly productive users-the number of journal articles and papers per user that come from ALS research have continued to grow in the past year. Looking forward, Falcone touched on how a proposed ALS upgrade to a diffraction-limited light source would increase scientific capabilities.

53

2013 ALS User Meeting Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2013 ALS User Meeting Highlights 2013 ALS User Meeting Highlights 2013 ALS User Meeting Highlights Print Thursday, 24 October 2013 09:06 This year's ALS User Meeting launched with a welcome from Users' Executive Committee Chair Corie Ralston and LBNL Director Paul Alivisatos. ALS Director Roger Falcone followed with a "state of the ALS" presentation that began with a reminder of the ALS mission, which he noted remains true even in the midst of a government shutdown: "Supporting users in doing outstanding science in a safe environment." Falcone gave the 414 meeting attendees an update on the ALS beamlines, which included good news about increased user numbers thanks to the new RAPIDD access system, enhanced robotics, and remote capabilities. Falcone reflected that ALS metrics continue to represent our highly productive users-the number of journal articles and papers per user that come from ALS research have continued to grow in the past year. Looking forward, Falcone touched on how a proposed ALS upgrade to a diffraction-limited light source would increase scientific capabilities.

54

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Method Simulates 3D Ice Crystal Growth Within Clouds New Method Simulates 3D Ice Crystal Growth Within Clouds Submitter: Bhattacharya, A., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Harrington JY, K Sulia, and H Morrison. 2013. "A method for adaptive habit prediction in bulk microphysical models. Part I: theoretical development." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70(2), doi:10.1175/JAS-D-12-040.1. Harrington JY, K Sulia, and H Morrison. 2013. "A method for adaptive habit prediction in bulk microphysical models. Part II: parcel model corroboration." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70(2), doi:10.1175/JAS-D-12-0152.1. A close-up of ice crystals. Ever noticed the different shapes of snowflakes sticking on the windowpane

55

Research Highlight  

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Aerosol Experiment Results Featured in Technical Journal Aerosol Experiment Results Featured in Technical Journal Submitter: Sheridan, P., U.S. Department of Commerce/NOAA Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Journal Reference: Sheridan, P, W Arnott, J Ogren, E Andrews, D Atkinson, D Covert, H Moosmuller, A Petzold, B Schmid, A Strawa, R Varma, and A Virkkula. 2005. "The Reno Aerosol Optics Study: An evaluation of aerosol absorption measurement methods." Aerosol Science and Technology 39(1):1-16. This magnification shows the size of aerosol particles relative to the pore size of the filter used during one of the study's sampling runs. Aerosol particles are gaining increasing scientific attention as a key factor in climate change. Through scattering and absorption of solar radiation, or by altering cloud properties, aerosols have the potential to

56

Research Highlight  

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Case Closed on Nauru Island Effect Case Closed on Nauru Island Effect Download a printable PDF Submitter: Long, C. N., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Long CN and SA McFarlane. 2012. "Quantification of the impact of Nauru Island on ARM measurements." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 51(3), 628-636. McFarlane SA, CN Long, and DM Flynn. 2005. "Impact of island-induced clouds on surface measurements: analysis of the ARM Nauru Island Effect Study data." Journal of Applied Meteorology, 44, 1045-1065. Conceptual model of the Nauru Island Effect and production of cloud plume. Approximate ARM Nauru site location is shown on the western side of the

57

Research Highlight  

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Characterizing Clouds at Arctic Atmospheric Observatories Characterizing Clouds at Arctic Atmospheric Observatories Download a printable PDF Submitter: Shupe, M., University of Colorado Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Shupe MD, VP Walden, E Eloranta, T Uttal, JR Campbell, SM Starkweather, and M Shiobara. 2011. "Clouds at Arctic atmospheric observatories, part I: occurrence and macrophysical properties." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50(3), 626-644. Shupe MD. 2011. "Clouds at Arctic atmospheric observatories, part II: thermodynamic phase characteristics." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50(3), 645-661. Figure 1: (a) Annual cycles of monthly mean cloud occurrence fraction at six Arctic atmospheric observatories. The average cloud fraction for all

58

Research Highlight  

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Increased Accuracy for Sky Imager Retrievals Increased Accuracy for Sky Imager Retrievals Download a printable PDF Submitter: Long, C. N., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Long CN. 2010. "Correcting for circumsolar and near-horizon errors in sky cover retrievals from sky images." The Open Atmospheric Science Journal, 4, doi:10.2174/1874282301004010045. Long CN, JM Sabburg, J Calbo, and D Pages. 2006. "Retrieving cloud characteristics from ground-based daytime all-sky images." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 23, 633-652. Sample sky image (left) and corresponding cloud decision image (right) showing an example of the over-estimating problem. White and gray in the

59

Research Highlight  

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Desert Dust Determines Aerial Spread of Thunderstorm Clouds Desert Dust Determines Aerial Spread of Thunderstorm Clouds Submitter: Bhattacharya, A., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Zeng X, W Tao, SW Powell, RA Houze, P Ciesielski, N Guy, H Pierce, and T Matsui. 2013. "A comparison of the water budgets between clouds from AMMA and TWP-ICE." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70(2), doi:10.1175/JAS-D-12-050.1. The sun, seen through a dusty atmosphere, sets at Niamey, the capital of Niger, which is located in the African Sahara. Anvil clouds that accompany thunderstorms. Contrasts often provide unique perspectives, and scientists seize any such opportunity-when it arises. In a new research paper, published in the Journal of Atmospheric Sciences,

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Managing Information for Sparsely Distributed Articles and Readers: The Virtual Journals of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics (JINA)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The research area of nuclear astrophysics is characterized by a need for information published in tens of journals in several fields and an extremely dilute distribution of researchers. For these reasons it is difficult for researchers, especially students, to be adequately informed of the relevant published research. For example, the commonly employed journal club is inefficient for a group consisting of a professor and his two students. In an attempt to address this problem, we have developed a virtual journal (VJ), a process for collecting and distributing a weekly compendium of articles of interest to researchers in nuclear astrophysics. Subscribers are notified of each VJ issue using an email-list server or an RSS feed. The VJ data base is searchable by topics assigned by the editors, or by keywords. There are two related VJs: the Virtual Journal of Nuclear Astrophysics (JINA VJ), and the SEGUE Virtual Journal (SEGUE VJ). The JINA VJ also serves as a source of new experimental and theoretical information for the JINA REACLIB reaction rate database. References to review articles and popular level articles provide an introduction to the literature for students. The VJs and support information are available at http://groups.nscl.msu.edu/jina/journals

Richard H. Cyburt; Sam M. Austin; Timothy C. Beers; Alfredo Estrade; Ryan M. Ferguson; A. Sakharuk; Karl Smith; Scott Warren

2009-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "highlights journal articles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Research Highlight  

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Madden-Julian Oscillation Heating: to Tilt or Not to Tilt For original submission and image(s), see ARM Research Highlights http:www.arm.govsciencehighlights Research...

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The Impact of Electronic Bibliographic Databases and Electronic Journal Articles on the Scholar's Information-Seeking Behavior and Personal Collection of "Reprints"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article examines the potential changes to the information seeking behavior of scholars and how they manage their own collection of research article reprints. With bibliographic databases and electronic journals provided by academic libraries...

McGeachin, Robert B.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

NERSC Science Highlights Presentations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

User Surveys User Surveys HPC Requirements for Science HPC Workshop Reports NERSC Staff Publications & Presentations Journal Cover Stories Galleries Home » News & Publications » Publications & Reports » Science Highlights Presentations Science Highlights Presentations NERSC collects highlights of recent scientific work carried out by its users. If you are a user and have work that you would like us to highlight please send e-mail to consult@nersc.gov. December 2013 Presentation [PDF] Model Shows Arrangement of Proteins in Photosynthetic Membranes [Geissler] How Many Earths are There? [Petigura] Read more... IceCube is 2013 Physics Breakthrough of the Year [Gerhardt] Read more... Simulation Couples with Experiment to Boost Energy Research [Smith] Simulation Captures the Essence of Carbonate Crystallization [Whitelam]

64

Argonne CNM: 2007 Research Highlights  

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7 Highlights 7 Highlights CNM Research Featured in Journal (November 2007) Heavier hydrogen on the atomic scale reduces friction (November 2007) High-performance, flexible nanotechnology hydrogen sensors (Nanowerk Spotlight, October 11, 2007) CNM Research Highlighted in Scientific Journal (September 2007) Researchers improve ability to write and store information on electronic devices (September 2007) Palladium Nanoparticle Electrodeposition on Nanotubes Results in New Flexible Hydrogen Sensors (August 2007) Nano-boric acid makes motor oil more slippery (August 2007) Nanotechnology helps scientists make bendy sensors for hydrogen vehicles (July 2007) Tightly Packed Molecules Lend Unexpected Strength to Nanothin Sheet of Material (July 2007) Getting the 'Hole' Picture Up Close (photonics.com, June 2007)

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Research Highlight  

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ARM Measurements Help to Evaluate Radiation Codes Used in Global Modeling ARM Measurements Help to Evaluate Radiation Codes Used in Global Modeling Download a printable PDF Submitter: Oreopoulos, L., NASA Mlawer, E. J., Atmospheric & Environmental Research, Inc. Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Oreopoulos L, E Mlawer, J Delamere, T Shippert, J Cole, B Fomin, M Iacono, Z Jin, J Li, J Manners, P Raisanen, F Rose, Y Zhang, MJ Wilson, and WB Rossow. 2012. "The Continual Intercomparison of Radiation Codes: results from Phase I." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 117, doi:10.1029/2011JD016821. The total error of each participating radiation code for all LW (left) and SW (right) cases in the CIRC intercomparison. The identity of each participating code can be found in the paper; codes built due to ARM

66

Research Highlight  

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The Short and the Long of Storms: Tracing a Deep Convective System's Life The Short and the Long of Storms: Tracing a Deep Convective System's Life in the Midlatitude Download a printable PDF Submitter: Feng, Z., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Feng Z, X Dong, B Xi, S McFarlane, A Kennedy, B Lin, and P Minnis. 2012. "Life cycle of midlatitude deep convective systems in a Lagrangian framework." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 117(D23), D23201, doi:10.1029/2012JD018362. The life cycle of a convective system tracked by the automated tracking algorithm in the study domain. Time increases from the top left to the bottom right, and each image represents an hour. The colors represent regions given by the hybrid classification.

67

Research Highlight  

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Precipitation Forecast Improved with a New Convective Triggering Mechanism Precipitation Forecast Improved with a New Convective Triggering Mechanism Download a printable PDF Submitter: Xie, S., Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Zhang, M., Stony Brook University Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Xie, S, and M Zhang. 2000. "Impact of the convective triggering function on single-column model simulations." Journal of Geophysical Research 105: 14983-14996. Six-hour accumulated precipitation valid at 12 UTC 18 July 2005. (a) Radar Observation, (b) DCAPE, (c) GSM without the DCAPE trigger, and (d) GSM with the DCAPE trigger. Considerable improvement of precipitation forecast is obtained by the GSM with the new trigger compared to the radar observation.

68

Research Highlight  

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Ice Nuclei and Global Warming Ice Nuclei and Global Warming Download a printable PDF Submitter: Zeng, X., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Tao, W., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Zhang, M., Stony Brook University Hou, A., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Xie, S., Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Lang, S. E., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Li, X., University of Maryland, Baltimore County Starr, D. O., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Zeng X, WK Tao, M Zhang, AY Hou, S Xie, S Lang, X Li, DO Starr, and X Li. 2009. "A contribution by ice nuclei to global warming." Quarterly Journal Royal Meteorological Society, EARLY VIEW, doi:10.1002/qj.449.

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Research Highlight  

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Hemispherical Simulations Show Impact of Aerosols on Cloud Reflectivity Hemispherical Simulations Show Impact of Aerosols on Cloud Reflectivity Submitter: Rotstayn, L., Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Journal Reference: Rotstayn, L., and Y. Liu, Sensitivity of the First Indirect Aerosol Effect to an Increase in Cloud Droplet Spectral Dispersion with Droplet Number Concentration, Journal of Climate: Vol. 16, No. 21, pp.3476-3481, May 2003. Figure 1. Measurements of the relation between the relative dispersion of the cloud droplet spectrum and the cloud droplet number concentration (N). The lower, middle, and upper curves show the parameterizations used in the LOWER, MIDDLE, and UPPER simulations, respectively. A recent study by DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program

70

Research Highlight  

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Preferred States of the Winter Arctic Atmosphere, Surface, and Sub-Surface Preferred States of the Winter Arctic Atmosphere, Surface, and Sub-Surface Download a printable PDF Submitter: Del Genio, A. D., NASA Area of Research: Surface Properties Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Stramler K, AD Del Genio, and WB Rossow. 2011. "Synoptically driven Arctic winter states." Journal of Climate, 24(6), doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3817.1. SHEBA winter hourly surface net (down - up) longwave radiation flux versus surface temperature. Blue circles indicate times when a combined radar-lidar cloud detection indicated clear skies, and red plus signs indicate times when clouds were detected. Time series of SHEBA winter hourly temperatures at the atmospheric temperature inversion altitude (magenta), surface (black), snow-sea ice

71

Research Highlight  

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Micropulse Lidar-Derived Aerosol Optical Depth Climatology at ARM Sites Micropulse Lidar-Derived Aerosol Optical Depth Climatology at ARM Sites Worldwide Download a printable PDF Submitter: Kafle, D. N., University of California, Riverside Coulter, R. L., Argonne National Laboratory Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Kafle DN and RL Coulter. 2013. "Micropulse lidar-derived aerosol optical depth climatology at ARM sites worldwide." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 118(13), 10.1002/jgrd.50536. Vertical profiles of multi-year annually averaged AOD (z) at different ARM sites: SGP, NSA, TWP, GRW, and FKB. Inset plots are the profiles of corresponding relative standard deviation, Srel (z). The corresponding 1-sigma measurement errors are given in horizontal bars.

72

Research Highlight  

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Seasonal Variation of the Physical Properties of Marine Boundary Clouds Seasonal Variation of the Physical Properties of Marine Boundary Clouds Download a printable PDF Submitter: Zhang, M., Stony Brook University Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling, Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Lin W, M Zhang, and NG Loeb. 2009. "Seasonal variation of the physical properties of marine boundary layer clouds off the California coast." Journal of Climate, 22(10), doi:10.1175/2008JCLI2478.1. Image (a). Seasonal contrast of marine boundary-layer clouds between (a) summer (above) and (b) winter (below) off the California coast. Shown are cloud amount in the shaded box, cloud top and base heights and lifting condensation level (LCL) to the left, and cloud thickness and adiabatic

73

Research Highlight  

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Ice Heating Up Cold Clouds Ice Heating Up Cold Clouds Download a printable PDF Submitter: Ovchinnikov, M., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Ovchinnikov M, A Korolev, and J Fan. 2011. "Effects of ice number concentration on dynamics of a shallow mixed-phase stratiform cloud." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 116, D00T06, doi:10.1029/2011JD015888. The mighty cloud ice crystal appears deceptively delicate but has the power to tip the balance between ice and water in Arctic clouds. This image of an ice crystal was obtained from a Cloud Particle Imager during ISDAC. The imager was mounted on aircraft flying through clouds at a speed of 100 m/s.

74

Research Highlight  

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The Vertical Structure of Cloud Radiative Forcing at the ACRF SGP Revealed The Vertical Structure of Cloud Radiative Forcing at the ACRF SGP Revealed by 8 Years of Continuous Measurements Submitter: Mace, G., Utah State University Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling, Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Accepted to Journal of Climate, 2007. Figure 1. Cloud occurrence, coverage, radiative forcing, and radiation effects over a composite annual cycle that is derived by averaging all observations collected during a particular month for all years. a) cloud occurrence in 100 mb vertical bins, b) cloud coverage, c) infrared cloud radiative forcing in 100 mb vertical bins, d) solar cloud radiative forcing, e) net cloud radiative forcing, f,g,h) solar (dotted), IR (solid), and net (dashed) cloud radiative effect for TOA (f), atmosphere (g), and

75

Research Highlight  

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Modified Climate Model Better Replicates Global Rainfall Modified Climate Model Better Replicates Global Rainfall Submitter: Bhattacharya, A., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Song X, GJ Zhang, and JF Li. 2012. "Evaluation of microphysics parameterization for convective clouds in the NCAR Community Atmosphere Model CAM5." Journal of Climate, 25(24), doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00563.1. Rainfall in the tropics. By improving an existing, sophisticated, global climate model, scientists can now simulate cloud and rainfall more accurately. Supported by the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric System Research program, a research team from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography and

76

Research Highlight  

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Improving Water Vapor Continuum Absorption and Its Impact on a GCM Improving Water Vapor Continuum Absorption and Its Impact on a GCM Simulation Download a printable PDF Submitter: Turner, D. D., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Mlawer, E. J., Atmospheric & Environmental Research, Inc. Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Turner DD, A Merrelli, D Vimont, and EJ Mlawer. 2012. "Impact of modifying the longwave water vapor continuum absorption model on community Earth system model simulations." Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, D04106, doi:10.1029/2011JD016440. The mean difference profiles (experiment minus control) for clear-sky longwave radiative heating (QRLC); shortwave clear-sky radiative heating (QRSC); the longwave cloud radiative forcing (QRLCF); the precipitation

77

Research Highlight  

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Single-Scattering Properties of Aggregates of Plates Single-Scattering Properties of Aggregates of Plates Download a printable PDF Submitter: Um, J., University of Illinois, Urbana McFarquhar, G., University of Illinois, Urbana Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Um J and GM McFarquhar. 2009. "Single-scattering properties of aggregates of plates." Quarterly Journal Royal Meteorological Society, 135(639), 10.1002/qj.378. Aggregates of plates imaged by Cloud Particle Imager (left panel) and idealized geometry of aggregates of plates with AI=0.61 (right panel). Asymmetry parameter (g) at λ=0.55 μm of 80 different aggregates of seven 100 μm plates attached together, as functions of (a) AI, (b) 1-AR, and (c) An. The correlation coefficient and constants for a fitting equation,

78

Research Highlight  

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A Finer Mesh to Improve Cloud Representation in Climate Models? A Finer Mesh to Improve Cloud Representation in Climate Models? Submitter: Bhattacharya, A., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Boutle IA, SJ Abel, PG Hill, and CJ Morcrette. 2013. "Spatial variability of liquid cloud and rain: observations and microphysical effects." Quarterly Journal Royal Meteorological Society, , doi:10.1002/qj.2140. Different sizes of water droplets as well as varying water content dramatically alter cloud properties-often at a resolution finer than is currently in use by most climate models. Although clouds can extend for several kilometers, their properties-for example, liquid and rainwater content-can change dramatically over very

79

Research Highlight  

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Different Strokes for Different Folks-Not Any More, Say Scientists at the Different Strokes for Different Folks-Not Any More, Say Scientists at the UK Met Office Submitter: Bhattacharya, A., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Morcrette CJ, EJ O'Connor, and JC Petch. 2012. "Evaluation of two cloud parametrization schemes using ARM and Cloud-Net observations." Quarterly Journal Royal Meteorological Society, 138(665), doi:10.1002/qj.969. Integrating different metrics-and their errors and biases-used in weather and climate models may improve predictions by both types of models. What works for the weather models does not for climate models. Devising a common language, which translates into integrating the slew of metrics that the weather and climate science community uses, could be a way to improve

80

Research Highlight  

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Critical Role of Cloud Drop Effective Radius >14 Micron Radius in Rain Critical Role of Cloud Drop Effective Radius >14 Micron Radius in Rain Initiation Download a printable PDF Submitter: Rosenfeld, D., The Hebrew University of Jerusalem Wang, H., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Rosenfeld D, H Wang, and PJ Rasch. 2012. "The roles of cloud drop effective radius and LWP in determining rain properties in marine stratocumulus." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 39, doi:10.1029/2012GL052028. The dependence of rain rate on cloud drop effective radius (re) near cloud top. The color scale is for the median value of column maximum rain rate in each joint bin of CWP-re (cloud liquid water path and cloud-top re).

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "highlights journal articles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Apparent Bluing of Aerosols Near Clouds The Apparent Bluing of Aerosols Near Clouds Download a printable PDF Submitter: Marshak, A., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Marshak, A, G Wen, JA Coakley, LA Remer, NG Loeb, and RF Cahalan. 2008. "A simple model of the cloud adjacency effect and the apparent bluing of aerosols near clouds." Journal of Geophysical Research 113, D14S17, doi: 10.1029/2007JD009196. (upper panel) A schematic two-layer model of a broken cloud field and Rayleigh scatterers. (lower panel) An example of the Poisson distribution of broken cloud fields with cloud fraction Ac = 0.3 for a 10 by 10 km area. For a cloud vertical thickness of 1 km, the left lower panel has cloud

82

Research Highlight  

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Improving the Treatment of Radiation in Climate Models Improving the Treatment of Radiation in Climate Models Download a printable PDF Submitter: Delamere, J. S., Tech-X Corporation Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle, Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Delamere JS, SA Clough, VH Payne, EJ Mlawer, DD Turner, and RR Gamache. 2010. "A far-infrared radiative closure study in the Arctic: Application to water vapor." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 115, D17106, 10.1029/2009JD012968. The mean AERI-ER radiances for a select set of cloud-free cases at NSA in 2007 are presented in the top panel. The bottom panel presents mean spectral differences between the measurements and model calculations. The red line demonstrates the differences when using the pre-RHUBC version of

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Research Highlight  

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Global Dimming and Brightening: an Update Beyond 2000 Global Dimming and Brightening: an Update Beyond 2000 Download a printable PDF Submitter: Long, C. N., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Wild, M., Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science - ETH Zurich Truessel, B., Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science - ETH Zurich Ohmura, A., Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Koenig-Langlo, G., Alfred Wegener Institute Dutton, E. G., NOAA/OAR/ESRL Tsvetkov, A. V., World Radiation Data Centre Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Wild M, B Trüssel, A Ohmura, CN Long, G König-Langlo, EG Dutton, and A Tsvetkov. 2009. "Global dimming and brightening: An update beyond 2000." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 114, D00D13, 10.1029/2008JD011382.

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Research Highlight  

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Cloud Survey over West Africa Reveals Climate Impact of Mid-Level Clouds Cloud Survey over West Africa Reveals Climate Impact of Mid-Level Clouds Submitter: Bhattacharya, A., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Bouniol D, F Couvreux, PH Kamsu-Tamo, M Leplay, F Guichard, F Favot, and EJ O'Connor. 2012. "Diurnal and seasonal cycles of cloud occurrences, types, and radiative impact over West Africa." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 51(3), doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-11-051.1. Clouds occurring at different levels in the sky have varying impacts on Earth's energy budget. Clouds with bases between five and seven kilometers above the Earth's surface, also known as mid-level clouds, occur over West Africa all year-round and may have major impacts on the Earth's energy budget,

85

Research Highlight  

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Cloud Susceptibility Measures Potential Cloud Sensitivity to First Aerosol Cloud Susceptibility Measures Potential Cloud Sensitivity to First Aerosol Indirect Effect Download a printable PDF Submitter: Oreopoulos, L., NASA Platnick, S., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Platnick, S, and L Oreopoulos. 2008. "Radiative susceptibility of cloudy atmospheres to droplet number perturbations: 1. Theoretical analysis and examples from MODIS." Journal of Geophysical Research doi:10.1029/2007JD009654, in press. Oreopoulos, L., and S. Platnick. 2008. Radiative susceptibility of cloudy atmospheres to droplet number perturbations: 2. Global analysis from MODIS, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2007JD009655, in press. Theoretical calculations with a shortwave broadband radiative transfer

86

Research Highlight  

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Cloud Phase Determination Using Ground-Based AERI Observations at SHEBA Cloud Phase Determination Using Ground-Based AERI Observations at SHEBA Submitter: Turner, D. D., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Turner, D.D., S.A. Ackerman, B.A. Baum, H.E. Revercomb, and P. Yang, 2003: "Cloud Phase Determination Using Ground-Based AERI Observations at SHEBA," Journal of Applied Meteorology 42(6):701-715. The SHEBA experiment in Barrow, Alaska used data collected by the ground-based radiation observations from the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). (Photo Credit: SHEBA Project Office) Key Contributors: S.A. Ackerman, B.A. Baum, H.E. Revercomb, P. Yang, In the frigid environs of the Acrtic, ARM scientists at the North Slope of

87

Research Highlight  

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An Application of Linear Programming Techniques to ARM Polarimetric Radar An Application of Linear Programming Techniques to ARM Polarimetric Radar Processing Download a printable PDF Submitter: Giangrande, S., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Giangrande SE, R McGraw, and L Lei. 2013. "An application of linear programming to polarimetric radar differential phase processing." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, , . ACCEPTED. C-band scanning ARM precipitation radar fields of radar reflectivity factor Z and processed specific differential phase KDP for a section of a Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E) convective event as output from LP methods implemented for the ARM PyART processing suite. Detailed microphysical insights from weather radar systems are in demand

88

Research Highlight  

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Global Variability of Mesoscale Convective System Anvil Structure from Global Variability of Mesoscale Convective System Anvil Structure from A-train Satellite Data Submitter: Yuan, J., University of Washington Houze, R., University of Washington Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Yuan J and RA Houze. 2010. "Global variability of mesoscale convective system anvil structure from A-train satellite data." Journal of Climate, 23, 5864-5888. Figure. 1 Annual mean (2007) climatology of anvil clouds associated with (a) small separated MCSs (<12000 km^2, the smallest 25%), (b) large separated MCSs (>40000 km^2, the largest 25%), and (c) connected MCSs. The color indicates percentage of area covered by MCS anvil clouds for each 5°x5° grid. In the tropics, upper-level clouds containing ice and mixtures of ice and

89

Research Highlight  

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Power in the Vertical: Using Wind Profiler Data to Study Precipitation Power in the Vertical: Using Wind Profiler Data to Study Precipitation Download a printable PDF Submitter: Kollias, P., McGill University Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Tridon F, A Battaglia, P Kollias, E Luke, and C Williams. 2013. "Signal post-processing and reflectivity calibration of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program 915 MHz wind profilers." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30(6), doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00146.1. Because ARM's wind profilers (foreground) can take vertical as well as horizontal measurements, the instruments can be used with appropriate processing and calibration to help study rainfall. For more than two decades, radar wind profilers of the U.S. Department of

90

Research Highlight  

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Optimal Method to Determine Orientation Average of Scattering Properties of Optimal Method to Determine Orientation Average of Scattering Properties of Ice Crystals Download a printable PDF Submitter: Um, J., University of Illinois, Urbana McFarquhar, G., University of Illinois, Urbana Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Um J and GM McFarquhar. 2013. "Optimal numerical methods for determining the orientation averages of single-scattering properties of atmospheric ice crystals." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer, 127, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2013.05.020. Fig.1. Idealized shapes of ice crystals used in this study: (a) Gaussian random sphere (GS), (b) droxtal (DX), (c) budding Bucky ball (3B), and (d) column (COL). All models are visualized with dipoles. For (b), (c), and (d)

91

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Estimating Fractional Sky Cover from Spectral Measurements Estimating Fractional Sky Cover from Spectral Measurements Download a printable PDF Submitter: Long, C. N., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Min, Q., State University of New York, Albany Wang, T., State University of New York, Albany Duan, M., Institute of Atmospheric Physics/Chinese Academy of Science Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Min Q, T Wang, CN Long, and M Duan. 2008. "Estimating fractional sky cover from spectral measurements." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 113, D20208, doi:10.1029/2008JD010278. Retrieved and observed cloud fractions and corresponding TSI cloud imagers on 8 July 2005 at Pt. Reyes. Scatterplot of retrieved cloud fraction from spectral ratio method and SW

92

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Field Campaign Resource Allocation Using Statistical Decision Analysis Field Campaign Resource Allocation Using Statistical Decision Analysis Download a printable PDF Submitter: Hanlon, C., Pennsylvania State University Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Hanlon CJ, JB Stefik, AA Small, J Verlinde, and GS Young. 2013. "Statistical decision analysis for flight decision support: The SPartICus campaign." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, , . ACCEPTED. In many atmospheric science field campaigns, investigators are budgeted some number of flight hours to collect data under specific, imperfectly forecastable atmospheric conditions. In such field campaigns, investigators must assess atmospheric conditions each day and make a resource-allocation decision: are conditions good enough to use some of our scarce flight hours

93

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Five-Year Statistics of Shallow Clouds at the ACRF SGP Site Five-Year Statistics of Shallow Clouds at the ACRF SGP Site Download a printable PDF Submitter: Berg, L., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Kassianov, E., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Berg, LK, and EI Kassianov. 2008. "Temporal variability of fair-weather cumulus statistics at the ARM SGP site." Journal of Climate 21, 3344-3358. Figure 1. Five-year mean ARSCL VAP values of cloud fraction (black), cloud-base height (orange circles), cloud-top height (red), cloud thickness (blue), and cloud-chord length (green), and their average daily bias for each year (B) and low-altitude moisture (C). While fair-weather clouds (FWC) are small in size, they are ubiquitous,

94

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Cloud-Resolving Model (CRM) Simulations: Robust Results for Use in Climate Cloud-Resolving Model (CRM) Simulations: Robust Results for Use in Climate Model Development Download a printable PDF Submitter: Fridlind, A. M., NASA - Goddard Institute for Space Studies Smith-Mrowiec, A. A., Columbia University/NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle, Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Mrowiec AA, C Rio, AM Fridlind, AS Ackerman, AD Del Genio, OM Pauluis, AC Varble, and J Fan. 2012. "Analysis of cloud-resolving simulations of a tropical mesoscale convective system observed during TWP-ICE: Vertical fluxes and draft properties in convective and stratiform regions." Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, D19201, doi:10.1029/2012JD017759.

95

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Using Copulas to Model Complex Clouds Using Copulas to Model Complex Clouds Download a printable PDF Submitter: Oreopoulos, L., NASA Norris, P. M., NASA - GMAO/UMBC - GEST Hou, A., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Tao, W., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Zeng, X., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Norris PM, L Oreopoulos, AY Hou, WK Tao, and X Zeng. 2008. "Representation of 3D heterogeneous cloud fields using copulas: Theory for water clouds." Quarterly Journal Royal Meteorological Society, 134(636), doi:10.1002/qj.321. Contours containing (brown-80%, orange-60%, cyan-40%, and blue-20%) of the joint inter-layer S probability, such that the probability densities within each contour are larger than those outside. Thick contours are from the GCE

96

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A Downwelling Infrared Radiance Climatology for the ARM Southern Great A Downwelling Infrared Radiance Climatology for the ARM Southern Great Plains Site Download a printable PDF Submitter: Turner, D. D., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Gero, J., University of Wisconsin Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Turner DD and PJ Gero. 2011. "Downwelling infrared radiance temperature climatology for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Southern Great Plains site." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 116, D08212, doi:10.1029/2010JD015135. The distribution of downwelling 10-micron infrared radiance observed at the SGP site by the AERI from June 1996 to May 2010, separated into all-sky (all samples) and the three distinct sky classifications.

97

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A New Method for Satellite/Surface Comparisons A New Method for Satellite/Surface Comparisons Download a printable PDF Submitter: Long, C. N., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Properties, Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Zhang Y, CN Long, WB Rossow, and EG Dutton. 2010. "Exploiting diurnal variations to evaluate the ISCCP-FD flux calculations and radiative-flux-analysis-processed surface observations from BSRN, ARM, and SURFRAD." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 115, D00K11, 10.1029/2009JD012812. Figure 1: Scatter plot for the column aerosol optical depth (AOD) at 550 nm, measured at the surface (PSO) and used as input for the ISCCP-FD calculations (FD) at 10 ARM/SURFRAD/BSRN stations. The robust linear regression line is also shown.

98

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ARM Program Research Improves Longwave Radiative Transfer Models ARM Program Research Improves Longwave Radiative Transfer Models Submitter: Turner, D. D., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: The QME AERI LBLRTM: A closure experiment for downwelling high spectral resolution infrared radiance. D.D. Turner, D.C. Tobin, S.A. Clough, P.D. Brown, R.G. Ellingson, E.J. Mlawer, R.O. Knuteson, H.E. Revercomb, T.R. Shippert, and W.L. Smith. 2004. Journal of Atmospheric Science, 61, 2657-2675. Top panels: Examples of downwelling infrared radiance observed by the AERI for two different clear sky cases with different amounts of water vapor. Bottom panels: Differences between the AERI observations and calculations

99

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The Surprisingly Large Contribution of Small Marine Clouds to Cloud The Surprisingly Large Contribution of Small Marine Clouds to Cloud Fraction and Reflectance Download a printable PDF Submitter: Oreopoulos, L., NASA Feingold, G., NOAA - Earth System Research Laboratory Koren, I., Weizmann Institute of Science Remer, L., NASA - GSFC, Laboratory for Atmospheres Area of Research: Clouds with Low Optical [Water] Depths (CLOWD) Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Koren, I, L Oreopoulos, G Feingold, LA Remer, and O Altaratz. 2008. "How small is a small cloud?" Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Journal, in press Cloud mask for a sparse cumulus cloud field as inferred by using the same threshold at four different spatial resolutions. The upper-left panel is for the original Landsat resolution and the lower-right panel is for a

100

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Performance of Longwave Radiative Transfer Models for 3D Cloud Fields Performance of Longwave Radiative Transfer Models for 3D Cloud Fields Download a printable PDF Submitter: Kablick III, G. P., University of Maryland Ellingson, R. G., Florida State University Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Kablick III GP, RG Ellingson, EE Takara, and J Gu. 2011. "Longwave 3D benchmarks for inhomogeneous clouds and comparisons with approximate methods." Journal of Climate, 24, doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3752.1. The respective flux and heating rate errors (model-3DMC) for (a),(b) ATEX and (c),(d) GATE A. The error profiles in (a) and (c) are to be interpreted as ICA, solid lines; MRO, dashed lines; RO, dotted lines. (b) and (d) also show the differences between MRO and RO. The horizontal lines are the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "highlights journal articles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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101

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Progress Towards Climate Projections of Central U.S. Rainfall Using a Progress Towards Climate Projections of Central U.S. Rainfall Using a Global Model with Embedded Explicit Convection Download a printable PDF Submitter: Pritchard, M. S., Scripps Institution of Oceanography Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Pritchard MS, MW Moncrieff, and RC Somerville. 2011. "Orogenic propagating precipitation systems over the US in a global climate model with embedded explicit convection." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 68, doi:10.1175/2011JAS3699.1. Characteristic time-longitude structure of central U.S. summer diurnal convection (35-45 N) (a) as observed in 2005 from space-borne infrared imagers, and as simulated by (b) the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM) v3.5

102

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Satellite Constraints on Cloud-Top Phase, Ice Size, and Asymmetry Parameter Satellite Constraints on Cloud-Top Phase, Ice Size, and Asymmetry Parameter over Deep Convection Download a printable PDF Submitter: van Diedenhoven, B., NASA - Goddard Institute for Space Studies Fridlind, A. M., NASA - Goddard Institute for Space Studies Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: van Diedenhoven B, AM Fridlind, AS Ackerman, and B Cairns. 2012. "Evaluation of hydrometeor phase and ice properties in cloud-resolving model simulations of tropical deep convection using radiance and polarization measurements." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 69(11), doi:10.1175/JAS-D-11-0314.1. Liquid index (LI) values are directly derived from multi-directional polarized reflectances. POLDER measurements (dashed line envelop) show

103

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Tropical Radiosonde Comparisons May Improve Past and Present Humidity Data Tropical Radiosonde Comparisons May Improve Past and Present Humidity Data Submitter: Westwater, E. R., University of Colorado Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Westwater, E.R., B.B. Stankov, D.Cimini, Y. Han, J.A. Shaw, B.M. Lesht, C.N. Long, 2003, Radiosonde Humidity Soundings and Microwave Radiometers during Nauru99, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 21. ARM's Nauru99 campaign provided a rare opportunity to compare original and corrected land-based radiosonde temperature and humidity measurements with those obtained at sea. (ARM photo) Key Contributors: B. B. Stankov, D. Cimini, Y. Han, J. A Shaw, B. M. Lesht, C. N. Long Along the equator in the Central Pacific, DOE's Atmospheric Radiation

104

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Critical Evaluation of the ICARUS Portion of the ISCCP Simulator Using ARM Critical Evaluation of the ICARUS Portion of the ISCCP Simulator Using ARM Data Download a printable PDF Submitter: Mace, G., Utah State University Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Mace GG, S Houser, S Benson, SA Klein, and QL Min. 2011. "Critical evaluation of the ISCCP simulator using ground-based remote sensing data." Journal of Climate, 24(6), doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3517.1. Figure 1. Comparison of actual cloud top pressure from ARM remote sensors compared to ISCCP (top) and after the ICARUS algorithm has been used to convert the measured cloud top pressures to ISCCP-like quantities (bottom). Figure 2. Comparison of various measures of optical depth. Top left shows

105

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Quantifying the Number of Independent Pieces of Information in Profiles Quantifying the Number of Independent Pieces of Information in Profiles Download a printable PDF Submitter: Crewell, S., University of Cologne Loehnert, U., University of Cologne Turner, D. D., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Ebell, K., University of Cologne Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Lohnert U, DD Turner, and S Crewell. 2009. "Ground-based temperature and humidity profiling using spectral infrared and microwave observations. Part I: Simulated retrieval performance in clear-sky conditions." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 48(5), 1017-1032. Crewell S, K Ebell, U Loehnert, and DD Turner. 2009. "Can liquid water profiles be retrieved from passive microwave zenith observations?"

106

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Determining the Future of CO2 Using an Earth System Model Determining the Future of CO2 Using an Earth System Model Download a printable PDF Submitter: Keppel-Aleks, G., University of Michigan Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Keppel-Aleks G, JT Randerson, K Lindsay, BB Stephens, JK Moore, SC Doney, PE Thornton, NM Mahowald, FM Hoffman, C Sweeney, PP Tans, PO Wennberg, and SC Wofsy. 2013. "Atmospheric carbon dioxide variability in the Community Earth System Model: evaluation and transient dynamics during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries." Journal of Climate, 26(13), doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00589.1. How models, such as the Community Earth System Model, simulate the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere will likely hold the key to monitoring climate

107

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Improved Daytime Precipitable Water Vapor from Vaisala Radiosonde Humidity Improved Daytime Precipitable Water Vapor from Vaisala Radiosonde Humidity Sensors Download a printable PDF Submitter: Cady-Pereira, K. E., Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. Mlawer, E. J., Atmospheric & Environmental Research, Inc. Turner, D. D., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Shephard, M. W., Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. Clough, S. A., Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Cady-Pereira, K, M Shephard, E Mlawer, D Turner, S Clough, and T Wagner. 2008. "Improved daytime column-integrated precipitable water vapor from Vaisala radiosonde humidity sensors." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology doi: 10.1175/2007JTECHA1027.1.

108

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Tropical Clouds: from Jekyll to Hyde Tropical Clouds: from Jekyll to Hyde Submitter: Hagos, S. M., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Hagos SM and R Leung. 2012. "Large-scale environmental variables and transition to deep convection in cloud resolving model simulations: A vector representation." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 4(M11001), 2012MS000155, doi:10.1029/2012MS000155. The relationship between the mean 400hPa heating (Khr-1437 ) at time = 0 and the projection onto the favorable large-scale moisture profile at time = -1 hr. From Jekyll to Hyde, this anvil cloud is an example of tropical clouds that evolve from fair-weather to stormy. Scientists at PNNL used observational

109

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Remote Sensing of Cirrus Cloud Vertical Size Profile Using MODIS Data Remote Sensing of Cirrus Cloud Vertical Size Profile Using MODIS Data Download a printable PDF Submitter: Ou, S., University of California, Los Angeles Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Wang X, KN Liou, SS Ou, GG Mace, and M Deng. 2009. "Remote sensing of cirrus cloud vertical size profile using MODIS data." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 114, D09205, doi:10.1029/2008JD011327. (a) MODIS true color composite images for March 6, 2001 at 1736UTC, (b) retrieved Τc; (c) retrieved Dt for selected domain; (d) retrieved Db for selected domain; (e) scatter plot for retrieved Τc versus MODIS Τc for selected domain; (f) scatter plot for retrieved De versus MODIS De for

110

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Millimeter Wave Scattering from Ice Crystals and Their Aggregates Millimeter Wave Scattering from Ice Crystals and Their Aggregates Download a printable PDF Submitter: Botta, G., Pennsylvania State University Verlinde, J., Pennsylvania State University Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Botta G, K Aydin, J Verlinde, A Avramov, A Ackerman, A Fridlind, M Wolde, and G McFarquhar. 2011. "Millimeter wave scattering from ice crystals and their aggregates: Comparing cloud model simulations with X- and Ka-band radar measurements." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 116, D00T04, doi:10.1029/2011JD015909. Observational data sets are needed to drive and evaluate results from cloud-resolving model (CRM) simulations in order to improve parameterizations of the physical processes. Radar is one of the few

111

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Remote Sensing of Mineral Dust Using AERI Remote Sensing of Mineral Dust Using AERI Download a printable PDF Submitter: Hansell, R. A., University of California, Los Angeles Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Aerosol Journal Reference: Hansell R, KN Liou, SC Ou, SC Tsay, Q Ji, and JS Reid. 2008. "Remote sensing of mineral dust aerosol using AERI during the UAE2: A modeling and sensitivity study." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 113, D18202, doi:10.1029/2008JD010246. BT sensitivity to dust optical depth at 962 cm-1 with markers denoting locations of AERI subbands 1-17 from left to right. (a) Volz compact hexagon model spectra for four optical depths with best fit AERI spectrum. (b) Same as (a) but for a kaolinite/50% calcium carbonate mixturedust model.

112

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Estimating the Ice Crystal Enhancement Factor in the Tropics Estimating the Ice Crystal Enhancement Factor in the Tropics Download a printable PDF Submitter: Zeng, X., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Tao, W., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle, Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Zeng X, W Tao, T Matsui, S Xie, S Lang, M Zhang, DO Starr, and X Li. 2011. "Estimating the ice crystal enhancement factor in the tropics." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 68(7), doi:10.1175/2011JAS3550.1. Figure 1. Twenty-day mean vertical profiles of IWC from the ARM-SGP observations and the three simulations using low, moderate, and high ice crystal concentrations, respectively. Figure 2. Eight-day mean vertical profiles of IWC from the TWP-ICE

113

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The Evolution and Distribution of Water Vapor and Microphysical Properties The Evolution and Distribution of Water Vapor and Microphysical Properties in Cirrus Clouds Download a printable PDF Submitter: Comstock, J. M., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling, Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Comstock JM, R Lin, DO Starr, and P Yang. 2008. "Understanding ice supersaturation, particle growth, and number concentration in cirrus clouds." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 113, D23211, doi:10.1029/2008JD010332. Vertical velocity (Vm) derived from millimeter cloud radar (MMCR) Doppler velocity measurements in cirrus clouds observed over the ACRF SGP site. Cloud model simulations of cirrus clouds using large-scale forcing (left panel) and cloud-scale forcing (right panel).

114

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Buffering of Ice Crystal Number Concentration to Ice Nucleus Abundance Buffering of Ice Crystal Number Concentration to Ice Nucleus Abundance Above Arctic Stratus Download a printable PDF Submitter: Fridlind, A. M., NASA - Goddard Institute for Space Studies Ackerman, A., NASA - Goddard Institute for Space Studies Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Fridlind AM, B van Diedenhoven, AS Ackerman, A Avramov, A Mrowiec, H Morrison, P Zuidema, and MD Shupe. 2012. "A FIRE-ACE/SHEBA case study of mixed-phase Arctic boundary-layer clouds: Entrainment rate limitations on rapid primary ice nucleation processes." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 69(1), doi:10.1175/JAS-D-11-052.1. Observed and simulated histograms of MMCR radar reflectivity (left) and

115

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Ground-Based Cloud Measurements Utilized to Evaluate the Simulation of Ground-Based Cloud Measurements Utilized to Evaluate the Simulation of Arctic Clouds in CCSM4 Download a printable PDF Submitter: de Boer, G., University of Colorado, Boulder/CIRES Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: de Boer G, W Chapman, JE Kay, B Medeiros, MD Shupe, S Vavrus, and JE Walsh. 2011. "A characterization of the present-day Arctic atmosphere in CCSM4." Journal of Climate, 25(8), doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00228.1. Time-height cross-sections of simulated (top) and observed (second row) cloud phase at Barrow, Alaska. The difference between the frequencies of occurrence of each phase is indicated in the third row. Monthly distributions of liquid (dark) and ice (light) water paths at

116

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Quantifying the Impact of Dust on Ice Generation in Supercooled Stratiform Quantifying the Impact of Dust on Ice Generation in Supercooled Stratiform Clouds Download a printable PDF Submitter: Wang, Z., University of Wyoming Zhang, D., University of Wyoming Area of Research: Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Zhang D, Z Wang, A Heymsfield, J Fan, D Liu, and M Zhao. 2012. "Quantifying the impact of dust on heterogeneous ice generation in midlevel supercooled stratiform clouds." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 39, L18805, doi:10.1029/2012GL052831. An example of dusty MSSC: (a) CALIOP TAB profiles at 532nm; (b) CALIOP depolarization profiles at 532nm; (c) CloudSat CPR radar reflectivity profiles; (d) Identified dust layers and MSSC; (e) Global distribution of

117

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Spectral Invariant Properties of Single-Scattering Albedo for Water Spectral Invariant Properties of Single-Scattering Albedo for Water Droplets and Ice Crystals Download a printable PDF Submitter: Marshak, A., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Marshak A, Y Knyazikhin, JC Chiu, and WJ Wiscombe. 2012. "On spectral invariance of single scattering albedo for water droplets and ice crystals at weakly absorbing wavelengths." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer, 113, 715-720. The ratio of ω0λ(r)/ω0λ(r0) plotted against ω0λ(r) for four wavelengths, λ=0.86, 1.65, 2.13 and 3.75 um. An example for the aggregates ice crystal habits is shown (see Yang et al. 2000. "Parameterization of

118

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Self-Regulation Strikes a Balance Between Hydrological Cycle, Radiation Self-Regulation Strikes a Balance Between Hydrological Cycle, Radiation Processes, and Intraseasonal Dynamic Variations Submitter: Stephens, G. L., Colorado State University Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Stephens, Graeme L., Webster, Peter J., Johnson, Richard H., Engelen, Richard, L'Ecuyer, Tristan. 2004: Observational Evidence for the Mutual Regulation of the Tropical Hydrological Cycle and Tropical Sea Surface Temperatures. Journal of Climate: Vol. 17, No. 11, pp. 2213-2224. The "humidistat" feedback mechanism suggests that the hydrological cycle and sea surface temperatures mutually regulate each other in phases: the destabilization phase, the convective phase, and the restoring phase. These

119

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Unique Properties of the Arctic Stratiform Cloud-Top Region Unique Properties of the Arctic Stratiform Cloud-Top Region Submitter: Shupe, M., University of Colorado Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Sedlar J, MD Shupe, and M Tjernström. 2011. "On the relationship between thermodynamic structure and cloud top, and its climate significance in the Arctic." Journal of Climate, 25(7), doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00186.1. Occurrence frequency of low-level, stratiform cloud cases used in the analysis (black), percentage of these cases where the cloud top was identified to occur within the inversion (CII, gray), and percentage where the cloud top was observed to be capped by the inversion (CCI, white) for the ASCOS, SHEBA, and Barrow locations. The total number of cases analyzed

120

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Wide Angle Imaging Lidar: Active Optical Sensor Technology for Ground-Based Wide Angle Imaging Lidar: Active Optical Sensor Technology for Ground-Based Probing of Dense Clouds Download a printable PDF Submitter: Davis, A. B., Jet Propulsion Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Davis, AB. 2008. "Multiple-scattering lidar from both sides of the clouds: Addressing internal structure." Journal of Geophysical Research 113, D14S10, doi:10.1029/2007JD009666. Figure 1. Lidar observations of a dense cloud. Left: standard (single-scattering/on-beam) lidar. Right: multiple-scattering/off-beam lidar. Note the extreme narrowness of the FOV in the standard case, as is required to restrict as much as possible the signal to a single backscatter. Also note the weak penetration, O(1) MFP, of the two-way

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "highlights journal articles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

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Vertical Variation of Cloud Droplet Size Using Ship and Space-borne R/S Vertical Variation of Cloud Droplet Size Using Ship and Space-borne R/S Data Download a printable PDF Submitter: Li, Z., University of Maryland Chen, R., University of Maryland Wood, R., University of Washington Chang, F., Science Systems and Applications, Inc. Ferraro, R., NOAA/NESDIS, WWBG Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Chen, R, R Wood, Z Li, R Ferraro, and F Chang. 2008. "Studying the vertical variation of cloud droplet effective radius using ship and space-borne remote sensing data." Journal of Geophysical Research 113, doi:10.1029/2007JD009596. Figure 1. Coincident images of C-band radar reflectivity and MODIS cloud profile at UTC 15:55, Oct. 18, 2001. a) RHB C-band radar reflectivity

122

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Continuous Clear-Sky Longwave from Surface Measurements Continuous Clear-Sky Longwave from Surface Measurements Download a printable PDF Submitter: Long, C. N., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Turner, D. D., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Long, CN, and DD Turner. 2008. "A method for continuous estimation of clear-sky downwelling longwave radiative flux developed using ARM surface measurements." Journal of Geophysical Research 113, D18206, doi:10.1029/2008JD009936. Comparison of clear-sky RT model calculations (black) and our estimates (gray) with detected LW effective clear-sky measurements from the ACRF SGP site from 1 March through 31 May 2003, showing that our LW estimates do as well as detailed model calculations in comparison with actual LW

123

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Dynamics and Atmospheric State on Cloud Vertical Overlap Dynamics and Atmospheric State on Cloud Vertical Overlap Download a printable PDF Submitter: Naud, C. M., Columbia University/NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies Del Genio, A. D., NASA Mace, G., Utah State University Benson, S., Utah State University Clothiaux, E. E., Pennsylvania State University Kollias, P., McGill University Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Naud, C, A Del Genio, GG Mace, S Benson, EE Clothiaux, and P Kollias. "Impact of dynamics and atmospheric state on cloud vertical overlap." Journal of Climate 218: 1758-1770. Mean overlap parameter α as a function of separation: (a,b) at SGP for all winter months of 2002-2004 and for 4 subsets of increasing 500 mb ω such

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A Tall Order: Climate Models Fall Short in Predicting African Sahel A Tall Order: Climate Models Fall Short in Predicting African Sahel Rainfall Download a printable PDF Submitter: Roehrig, R., Meteo-France CNRM/GMME/MOANA Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Roehrig R, D Bouniol, F Guichard, F Hourdin, and JL Redelsperger. 2013. "The present and future of the West African Monsoon: A process-oriented assessment of CMIP5 simulations along the AMMA transect." Journal of Climate, 26(17), doi:10.1175/jcli-d-12-00505.1. The wealth of data available from field campaigns between the Gulf of Guinea and the Sahara Desert allowed scientists to evaluate the ability of climate models to accurately predict rainfall in the area.

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Indirect Impact of Atmospheric Aerosols on an Ensemble of Deep Convective Indirect Impact of Atmospheric Aerosols on an Ensemble of Deep Convective Clouds Download a printable PDF Submitter: Grabowski, W., NCAR Morrison, H. C., NCAR Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Grabowski WW and H Morrison. 2011. "Indirect impact of atmospheric aerosols in idealized simulations of convective-radiative quasi-equilibrium. Part II: Double-moment microphysics." Journal of Climate, 24, 1897-1912. This paper extends the previous cloud-resolving modeling study concerning the impact of cloud microphysics on convective-radiative quasi-equilibrium (CRQE) over a surface with fixed characteristics and prescribed solar input, both mimicking the mean conditions on Earth. The current study

126

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Putting the Pieces Together Putting the Pieces Together Download a printable PDF Submitter: Fan, J., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Fan J, S Ghan, M Ovchinnikov, X Liu, P Rasch, and A Korolev. 2011. "Representation of arctic mixed-phase clouds and the Wegener-Bergeron-Findeisen process in climate models: Perspectives from a cloud-resolving study." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 116, D00T07, doi:10.1029/2010JD015375. PNNL's Arctic mixed-phase cloud research was augmented with field observations from the 2008 Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC) in Northern Alaska. Photo courtesy of A. Korolev, Environment Canada. Vertical cross sections of (a) the vertical velocity (the contour lines)

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ARM M-PACE Data Used to Evaluate and Improve Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds ARM M-PACE Data Used to Evaluate and Improve Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds Simulated in Climate Models Download a printable PDF Submitter: Xie, S., Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Xie, S, J Boyle, SA Klein, X Liu, and S Ghan. 2008. "Simulations of Arctic mixed-phase clouds in forecasts with CAM3 and AM2 for M-PACE." Journal of Geophysical Research 113, D04211, doi:10.1029/2007JD009225. Time-height cross sections of active remote sensing cloud layer (ARSCL) cloud frequency (a) and modeled cloud fraction (b) CAM3, (c) AM2, and (d) CAM3LIU at Barrow during M-PACE. The unit is %. Liquid fraction as a function of cloud height. (a) UND citation data, (b)

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Parameterizing the Ice Fall Speed in Climate Models: Results from TC4 and Parameterizing the Ice Fall Speed in Climate Models: Results from TC4 and ISDAC Download a printable PDF Submitter: Mitchell, D. L., Desert Research Institute Mishra, S., NOAA - Coop. Inst. for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle, Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Mitchell DL, S Mishra, and RP Lawson. 2011. "Representing the ice fall speed in climate models: Results from Tropical Composition, Cloud and Climate Coupling (TC4) and the Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC)." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 116, D00T03, doi:10.1029/2010JD015433. Relationship between De and Vm for all tropical cirrus cloud types (solid

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How Aerosols Affect Cloud Properties in Arctic Mixed-Phase Stratocumulus How Aerosols Affect Cloud Properties in Arctic Mixed-Phase Stratocumulus Download a printable PDF Submitter: McFarquhar, G., University of Illinois, Urbana Area of Research: Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Jackson RC, GM McFarquhar, AV Korolev, ME Earle, PS Liu, RP Lawson, S Brooks, M Wolde, A Laskin, and M Freer. 2012. "The dependence of ice microphysics on aerosol concentration in arctic mixed-phase stratus clouds during ISDAC and M-PACE." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 117, D15207, doi:10.1029/2012JD017668. Cloud mean ice crystal concentration Nice(D ≥ 50 micrometers) versus mean aerosol concentration (NPCASP) above cloud for all 41 vertical profiles

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New Insights Into Deep Convective Core Vertical Velocities Using ARM UHF New Insights Into Deep Convective Core Vertical Velocities Using ARM UHF Wind Profilers Download a printable PDF Submitter: Giangrande, S., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Vertical Velocity Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Giangrande SE, S Collis, J Straka, A Protat, C Williams, and S Krueger. 2013. "A summary of convective core vertical velocity properties using ARM UHF wind profilers in Oklahoma." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, , . ACCEPTED. ARM UHF profiler observations of reflectivity Z (top) and retrieved storm vertical velocity (bottom); overlaid contours bound regions of updrafts greater than 1.5 m/s. Summary median (diamond), 90th (triangle), and 95th (star) percentile data set properties of Oklahoma convective core updrafts including: (A)

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The Role of Microphysics Parameterization in Simulating Tropical Mesoscale The Role of Microphysics Parameterization in Simulating Tropical Mesoscale Convective Systems Download a printable PDF Submitter: Van Weverberg, K., Brookhaven National Laboratory Vogelmann, A. M., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Van Weverberg K, AM Vogelmann, W Lin, EP Luke, AT Cialella, P Minnis, MM Khaiyer, ER Boer, and MP Jensen. 2013. "The role of cloud microphysics parameterization in the simulation of mesoscale convective system clouds and precipitation in the Tropical Western Pacific." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70(4), doi:10.1175/JAS-D-12-0104.1. The spatial distribution of cloud types at 3 UTC on 27 December 2003 as observed by GOES-9 and as simulated by the three commonly used microphysics

132

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CCN and Vertical Velocity Influences CCN and Vertical Velocity Influences Submitter: Hudson, J. G., Desert Research Institute Area of Research: Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Hudson JG and S Noble. 2013. "CCN and vertical velocity influences on droplet concentrations and supersaturations in clean and polluted stratus clouds." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, , . ACCEPTED. Figure 1. Effective cloud supersaturation (Seff) against CCN concentration at 1% S (N1%) for horizontal cloud penetrations, 50 for MASE and 34 for POST. Seff is the S for which nearby below cloud CCN spectra, NCCN(S), equals mean droplet concentration (Nc). Figure 2. One second droplet concentration, Nc, and vertical velocity

133

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Spectrally Invariant Approximation Within Atmospheric Radiative Transfer Spectrally Invariant Approximation Within Atmospheric Radiative Transfer Download a printable PDF Submitter: Marshak, A., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Marshak A, Y Knyazikhin, JC Chiu, and WJ Wiscombe. 2011. "Spectrally-invariant approximation within atmospheric radiative transfer." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 68(12), doi:10.1175/JAS-D-11-060.1. Ratio of reflectance Rλ plus transmittance Tλ over single scattering albedo ω0λ plotted against the sum Rλ+Tλ for two cloud optical depths: 5 and 10. The aerosol optical depth at 0.55 μm is 0.2 (rural type of aerosol). Different dots correspond to different wavelengths from 0.4 to

134

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Aerosols Help Heat Up the Yangtze River Delta in China Aerosols Help Heat Up the Yangtze River Delta in China Download a printable PDF Submitter: Flynn, C. J., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Liu J, Z Li, Y Zheng, C Flynn, and M Cribb. 2012. "Seasonal variations of aerosol optical properties, vertical distribution and associated radiative effects in the Yangtze Delta region of China." Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, D00K38, doi:10.1029/2011JD016490. A team of scientists found that aerosols significantly alter the vertical profile of solar heating in the central Yangtze River Delta region in eastern China. Aerosols were identified from as far away as Mongolia and Siberia. These findings have considerable implications for atmospheric

135

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Cirrus Cloud Bimodal Size Distributions from ARM Remote Sensing Data Cirrus Cloud Bimodal Size Distributions from ARM Remote Sensing Data Download a printable PDF Submitter: Mace, G., Utah State University Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Zhao Y, GG Mace, and JM Comstock. 2011. "The occurrence of particle size distribution bimodality in midlatitude cirrus as inferred from ground-based remote sensing data." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 68(6), doi:10.1175/2010JAS3354.1. Figure 1. Frequency distribution of ice water content (top), effective radius (middle), and crystal concentration (bottom) derived from 313 h of cloud property retrievals using the bimodal algorithm. The distributions are shown as a function of the layer-mean temperature shown in the legend.

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Influence of Humidified Aerosols on Lidar Depolarization Below Influence of Humidified Aerosols on Lidar Depolarization Below Ice-Precipitating Arctic Clouds Download a printable PDF Submitter: Fridlind, A. M., NASA - Goddard Institute for Space Studies van Diedenhoven, B., NASA - Goddard Institute for Space Studies Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: van Diedenhoven B, AM Fridlind, and AS Ackerman. 2011. "Influence of humidified aerosol on lidar depolarization measurements below ice-precipitating Arctic stratus." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50(10), doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-11-037.1. Correlated MMCR radar reflectivities and DABUL lidar depolarizations below cloud base calculated with a reasonably low number of large, coarse-mode

137

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Vertical Air Motion Measurements in Large-Scale Precipitation Vertical Air Motion Measurements in Large-Scale Precipitation Download a printable PDF Submitter: Giangrande, S., Brookhaven National Laboratory Luke, E., Brookhaven National Laboratory Kollias, P., McGill University Area of Research: Vertical Velocity Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Giangrande SE, EP Luke, and P Kollias. 2010. "Automated retrievals of precipitation parameters using non-Rayleigh scattering at 95-GHz." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 27(9), 10.1175/2010JTECHA1343.1. Time-height mapping of the retrieved vertical air motion for the 1 May 2007 event at SGP. Simultaneous measurements of vertical air motion and raindrop size distribution parameters in precipitation are challenging. The ARM W-band radars (95-GHz), despite being used primarily for cloud sensing, offer

138

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Statistics of Vertical Velocities from Monsoonal Convection with Statistics of Vertical Velocities from Monsoonal Convection with Verification Download a printable PDF Submitter: Collis, S. M., Argonne National Laboratory Area of Research: Vertical Velocity Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Collis S, A Protat, PT May, and C Williams. 2013. "Statistics of storm updraft velocities from TWP-ICE including verification with profiling measurements." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 52(8), 10.1175/jamc-d-12-0230.1. A scatter plot of profiler-derived vertical velocities versus the scanning radar-retrieved vertical velocities. Dots represent minimum values, triangles represent mean values, and diamonds represent maximum values. The solid line is a fit to all maximum, mean, and minimum values, while the

139

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Structure of Cirrus Properties and Its Coupling with the State of the Structure of Cirrus Properties and Its Coupling with the State of the Large-Scale Atmosphere Download a printable PDF Submitter: Ivanova, K., Pennsylvania State University Ackerman, T. P., University of Washington Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Ivanova K and TP Ackerman. 2009. "Tracking nucleation-growth-sublimation in cirrus clouds using ARM millimeter wavelength radar observations." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, , D06113, 10.1029/2008JD010271. Figure 1. Values of the drift and diffusion coefficients of the Fokker-Planck equation derived from the MMCR radar reflectivity observations. The diffusion coefficient characterizes the small scale, fast

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Climatology of Aerosol Optical Depth in North-Central Oklahoma: Climatology of Aerosol Optical Depth in North-Central Oklahoma: 1992-2008 Download a printable PDF Submitter: Michalsky, J. J., DOC/NOAA/OAR/ESRL Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Michalsky J, F Denn, C Flynn, G Hodges, P Kiedron, A Koontz, J Schlemmer, and SE Schwartz. 2010. "Climatology of aerosol optical depth in north-central Oklahoma: 1992-2008." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 115, D07203, doi: 10.1029/2009JD012197. Box plots of each complete year\'s daily averaged aerosol optical depth (AOD) at 500 nm. The dark horizontal line in each box plot is the median daily averaged AOD for the year; the top and bottom of the rectangular box spans the middle 50% of the data. The mean values for the year are plotted

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Variations of Meridional Aerosol Distribution and Solar Dimming Variations of Meridional Aerosol Distribution and Solar Dimming Download a printable PDF Submitter: Long, C. N., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Kishcha, P., Tel-Aviv University Starobinets, B., Tel-Aviv University Kalashnikova, O., Jet Propulsion Laboratory Alpert, P., Tel-Aviv University Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Aerosol, Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Kishcha P, B Starobinets, O Kalashnikova, CN Long, and P Alpert. 2009. "Variations of meridional aerosol distribution and solar dimming." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 114, D00D14, 10.1029/2008JD010975. The distribution of four-year aerosol differences (δAOT/δFAOT) between the last four years (March 2004 - February 2008) and the first four years

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Splitting the Solar Spectrum: Sometimes Less Is Better Than More Splitting the Solar Spectrum: Sometimes Less Is Better Than More Submitter: Pawlak, D. T., Pennsylvania State University Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Pawlak, DT, EJ Clothiaux, MF Modest, and JNS Cole. 2004. Full-Spectrum Correlated-k Distribution for Shortwave Atmospheric Radiative Transfer. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 61: 2588-2601. Of all the physical and dynamical calculations required in numerical weather prediction and climate modeling, radiation calculations consume the most computational time. This is because the radiation transfer physics of the atmosphere involve molecular absorption that occurs in narrowly defined absorption bands of the electromagnetic spectrum. The exact location in the

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Understanding Ice Formation in Arctic Mixed-Phase Boundary-Layer Clouds Understanding Ice Formation in Arctic Mixed-Phase Boundary-Layer Clouds During ISDAC Download a printable PDF Submitter: Ackerman, A., NASA - Goddard Institute for Space Studies Fridlind, A. M., NASA - Goddard Institute for Space Studies Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Avramov A, AS Ackerman, AM Fridlind, B van Diedenhoven, G Botta, K Aydin, J Verlinde, KV Alexei, W Strapp, GM McFarquhar, R Jackson, SD Brooks, A Glen, and M Wolde. 2011. "Towards ice formation closure in Arctic mixed-phase boundary layer clouds during ISDAC." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 116, D00T08, doi:10.1029/2011JD015910. Ice number size distributions as simulated (dendrites in red, aggregates in

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TOA Radiation Budget of Convective Core/Stratiform Rain/Anvil Clouds from TOA Radiation Budget of Convective Core/Stratiform Rain/Anvil Clouds from Deep Convection Download a printable PDF Submitter: Feng, Z., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Dong, X., University of North Dakota Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Feng Z, XQ Dong, BK Xi, C Schumacher, P Minnis, and M Khaiyer. 2011. "Top-of-atmosphere radiation budget of convective core/stratiform rain and anvil clouds from deep convective systems." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 116, D23202, doi:10.1029/2011JD016451. An example of the hybrid classification process. (a) GOES IR temperature, (b) NEXRAD radar reflectivity at 2.5 km MSL, (c) cloud patch segmentation from GOES IR temperature (the color patches are identified as deep

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Shortwave Absorption in Tropical Clouds Shortwave Absorption in Tropical Clouds Download a printable PDF Submitter: McFarlane, S. A., U.S. Department of Energy Mather, J. H., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Ackerman, T. P., University of Washington Liu, Z., University of Washington Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: McFarlane, SA, JH Mather, TP Ackerman, and Z Liu. 2008. "Effect of clouds on the vertical distribution of SW absorption in the Tropics." Journal of Geophysical Research, in press. Daily average all-sky and clear-sky calculated SW column absorption at Manus and Nauru. On average, there is little difference in absorption between the all-sky and clear-sky conditions because of the compensating

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Broadband Albedo Observations in the Southern Great Plains Broadband Albedo Observations in the Southern Great Plains Submitter: Lamb, P. J., University of Oklahoma Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Journal Reference: Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Vol. 45, 2006, pp. 210-235. Figure 1 Figure 2 Because surface reflection of solar radiation plays a fundamental role in the surface energy budget, knowledge of its spatial and temporal variability is important for understanding the weather and climate of a specific region. Research instrumentation at the U.S. Southern Great Plains site-one of three locales around the world managed by the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program-continuously collects these types of data to help scientist investigate differences in

147

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Direct Aerosol Forcing: Calculation from Observables and Sensitivities to Direct Aerosol Forcing: Calculation from Observables and Sensitivities to Inputs Download a printable PDF Submitter: McComiskey, A. C., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Journal Reference: McComiskey, A, SE Schwartz, B Schmid, H Guan, ER Lewis, P Ricchiazzi, and JA Ogren. 2008. "Direct aerosol forcing: Calculation from observables and sensitivities to inputs." Journal of Geophysical Research 113, D09202, doi:10.1029/2007JD009170. Figure 1. The sensitivity of calculated aerosol direct radiative forcing to input parameters has been examined to determine the consequences of uncertainties in these input parameters on calculated radiative forcing and to identify areas where measurements might be most profitably improved. Input

148

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New Technique Successful for Measuring Thickness of Broken Clouds New Technique Successful for Measuring Thickness of Broken Clouds Submitter: Marshak, A., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Marshak, A, Y Knyazikhin, K.D. Evans, and W.J. Wiscomb, (2004): The "RED versus NIR" Plane to Retrieve Broken-Cloud Optical Depth from Ground-Based Measurements, Journal of Atmospheric Sciences , 61, 1911-1925. In the "lookup table," vertical lines within the curves show calculated values of cloud optical depth. Observed data points show actual RED and NIR values; the cloud cover and optical depth are read from the overlaid lines. Cloud optical depth (or thickness) is a fundamental property for calculating the amount of solar radiation entering and leaving earth's

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Evaluate the Diurnal Cycle in the Multiscale Modeling Framework Using Evaluate the Diurnal Cycle in the Multiscale Modeling Framework Using Satellite and ARM Data Download a printable PDF Submitter: Zhang, Y., Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Klein, S., Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Zhang, Y, SA Klein, C Liu, B Tian, RT Marchand, JM Haynes, RB McCoy, Y Zhang, and TP Ackerman. 2008. "On the diurnal cycle of deep convection, high-level cloud, and upper troposphere water vapor in the Multiscale Modeling Framework." Journal of Geophysical Research 113, D16105, doi:10.1029/2008JD009905. Figure 1: Diurnal anomalies for tropical (left) ocean and (right) land: (top) the precipitation index (PI), high-level cloud (CLD) and upper

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Exploring Parameterization for Turbulent Entrainment-Mixing Processes in Exploring Parameterization for Turbulent Entrainment-Mixing Processes in Clouds Download a printable PDF Submitter: Liu, Y., Brookhaven National Laboratory Lu, C., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle, Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Lu C, S Niu, S Krueger, and T Wagner. 2013. "Exploring parameterization for turbulent entrainment-mixing processes in clouds." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 118(1), doi:10.1029/2012JD018464. Relationships between the three microphysical measures of homogeneous mixing degree (ψ1, ψ2, ψ3) and the two transition scale numbers (NLa, NL0), respectively. The results shown here are from the EMPM simulations.

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Measurement of Convective Entrainment Using Lagrangian Particles Measurement of Convective Entrainment Using Lagrangian Particles Download a printable PDF Submitter: Romps, D., University of California, Berkeley Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Yeo K and DM Romps. 2013. "Measurement of convective entrainment using Lagrangian particles." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70(1), doi:10.1175/JAS-D-12-0144.1. Trajectories of seven particles that are entrained at the cloud base and transported to the cloud top. Colors denote the mixing ratio of condensed water. Previous work by Romps (2010) found large entrainment rates of ~100% per kilometer for deep convection using a new technique for large-eddy simulations (LES) called "Eulerian direct measurement". These results

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Surface Summertime Radiative Forcing by Shallow Cumuli at the ARM SGP Surface Summertime Radiative Forcing by Shallow Cumuli at the ARM SGP Download a printable PDF Submitter: Berg, L., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Berg LK, EI Kassianov, CN Long, and DL Mills. 2011. "Surface summertime radiative forcing by shallow cumuli at the ARM SGP." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 116, D01202, 10.1029/2010JD014593. Histogram of hourly average shortwave CRF (black) and longwave CRF (red) for all periods with shallow cumuli. (a) Hourly average shortwave CRF (circles), binned shortwave CRF (squares); (b) total number of hourly averages for each sky cover bin; and (c) the change in shortwave TED as a function of sky cover for all hours with

153

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Evaluation of a New Mixed-Phase Cloud Microphysics Parameterization with Evaluation of a New Mixed-Phase Cloud Microphysics Parameterization with SCAM, CAPT Forecasts and M-PACE Observations Download a printable PDF Submitter: Liu, X., University of Wyoming Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Liu, X, S Xie, and SJ Ghan. 2007. "Evaluation of a new mixed-Phase cloud microphysics parameterization with the NCAR single column climate model (SCAM) and ARM M-PACE observations." Geophysical Research Letters 34, L23712, doi:10.1029/2007GL031446. Xie, S, J Boyle, SA Klein, X Liu and S Ghan. 2008. "Simulations of arctic mixed-phase clouds in forecasts with CAM3 and AM2 for M-PACE." Journal of Geophysical Research, in press.

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Comparisons Between Radiosondes and Remote Sensors During the 2004 NSA Comparisons Between Radiosondes and Remote Sensors During the 2004 NSA Arctic Winter Radiometric Experiment Submitter: Westwater, E. R., University of Colorado Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Mattioli, V, ER Westwater, D Cimini, JS Liljegren, BM Lesht, SI Gutman, and FJ Schmidlin. 2007. "Analysis of radiosonde and ground-based remotely sensed PWV data from the 2004 North Slope of Alaska Arctic Winter Radiometric Experiment." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 243: 415-431. Description of radiosondes launched during the 2004 NSA Arctic Winter Radiometric Experiment. Dual-radiosonde launch of the Vaisala RS90 and Chilled Mirror radiosondes is pictured here.

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A Simple Stochastic Model for Generating Broken Cloud Optical Depth and A Simple Stochastic Model for Generating Broken Cloud Optical Depth and Cloud Top Height Fields Download a printable PDF Submitter: Marshak, A., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Prigarin, S, and A Marshak. 2008. "A simple stochastic model for generating broken cloud optical depth and cloud top height fields." Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, in press. Fig. 1. A 68-km by 68-km region in Brazil centered at 17o S and 42o W collected on August 9, 2001, at 1015 local time. The solar zenith angle 410; the solar azimuth angle 23o (from the top). (a) moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) true color red, green, blue (RGB) 1-km

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Giants in the Sky Giants in the Sky For original submission and image(s), see ARM Research Highlights http://www.arm.gov/science/highlights/ Research Highlight A few large particles in a crowd of tiny ones have often been ignored when calculating the amount of sunlight bounced back into space in clean-sky conditions. Scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory found that these "giant" particles have a larger-than-expected impact on the amount of sunlight reflected away from Earth, by as much as 45 percent. They also showed that particles larger than one micron (0.000039 inch) occur much more frequently than expected, up to 85 percent of the time. "Many routine measurements are unable to sample large particles, thus they may overlook the residence of many 'Gullivers in the country of Lilliput,' said Dr. Evgueni

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Classifying Cloud Phase Classifying Cloud Phase Download a printable PDF Submitter: Shupe, M., University of Colorado Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Shupe, MD. 2007. "A ground-based multisensory cloud phase classifier." Geophysical Research Letters 34, L22809, doi:10.1029/2007GL031008. Observations of (a) lidar backscatter, (b) lidar depolarization ratio, (c) radar reflectivity, (d) radar mean Doppler velocity, (e) radar Doppler spectrum width, (f) microwave radiometer-derived liquid water path, and (g) the resulting multisensor cloud-phase classification mask. Cloud phase identification is a necessary prerequisite to performing cloud property retrievals from remote sensor measurements. Most retrieval

158

SRNL - Highlights  

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Highlights Highlights Research exchange promotes networking between SRNL and Historically Black Colleges and Universities SRNL Research Paves Way for Portable Power Systems SRNS Program Provides Model for Assisting Wounded Warriors Re-enter Workforce Research Advances Next Generation of Nuclear Reactors FBI, Savannah River National Laboratory, Put Science to Work to Protect the Nation Wind Turbine Facility to help grow U.S. wind technology Interns Gain Valuable Research Experience New Projects Advance Nation's Energy Security Blue-green Algae and Hydrogen Production: Carbon boosts to the rescue SRNL Project Ready to Explore Sub-Nano Technology SRNL program successfully demonstrates fractional crystallization SRNL researchers unveil permeable glass 'microballoons' that can carry hydrogen, deliver drugs, and filter gases

159

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Anthropogenic Aerosols: a Clearer Understanding Anthropogenic Aerosols: a Clearer Understanding Submitter: Daum, P., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Journal Reference: Liu, Y., and P. H. Daum, 2002: "Indirect warming effect from dispersion forcing," Nature 419(6872):580-581. Figure 1. Key = Green symbols: triangle - FIRE, northeastern Pacific; Crossed circles - SOCEX, Southern Ocean; Filled circle - ACE1, Southern Ocean; Blue symbols: Filled circles - ASTEX 8, northeastern Atlantic; Diamonds - SCMS 8, Florida coast; Filled triangles - Sounding 9, ASTEX; Filled squares - horizontal 9, ASTEX; Open inverted triangles - level 1; Open upright triangles - level 2; Open circles - level 3, all from southwest of San Diego 10; open diamonds - SCMS 11; stars - vertical, ASTEX

160

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Biases in Column Absorption for Fractal Clouds Biases in Column Absorption for Fractal Clouds Submitter: Wiscombe, W. J., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Marshak, Alexander; Davis, Anthony; Wiscombe, Warren; Ridgway, William; Cahalan, Robert; 1998: "Biases in Shortwave Column Absorption in the Presence of Fractal Clouds," J. Climate 11(3):431-446. Figure 1: Water vapor transmission spectra for solar zenith angle of 60 degree. From the top: from TOA to 5 km, from TOA to 1 km, from TOA to 0.5 km and, finally, from TOA to surface. Figure 2: Fractional cloudiness N = 0.777. (a) Horizontal distribution of optical depth, the same for both models. (b) Horizontal distribution of cloud height for optical model. Constant cloud top and cloud base; thus

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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161

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More Like Shades of Gray: the Effects of Black Carbon in Aerosols More Like Shades of Gray: the Effects of Black Carbon in Aerosols Submitter: McComiskey, A. C., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Cappa CD, TB Onasch, P Massoli, DR Worsnop, TS Bates, ES Cross, P Davidovits, J Hakala, KL Hayden, BT Jobson, KR Kolesar, DA Lack, BM Lerner, SM Li, D Mellon, I Nuaaman, JS Olfert, T Petaja, PK Quinn, C Song, R Subramanian, EJ Williams, and RA Zaveri. 2012. "Radiative absorption enhancements due to the mixing state of atmospheric black carbon." Science, 337(6098), doi:10.1126/science.1223447. Black to the core: Scientists are combining field and laboratory measurements to understand more about the physical properties of aerosols

162

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Simulating Mixed-Phase Clouds: Sensitivity to Ice Initiation Simulating Mixed-Phase Clouds: Sensitivity to Ice Initiation Download a printable PDF Submitter: Sednev, I., Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Menon, S., Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory McFarquhar, G., University of Illinois, Urbana Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: I Sednev, S Menon, and G McFarquhar. 2008. "Simulating mixed-phase Arctic stratus clouds: Sensitivity to ice initiation mechanisms." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussion 8: 11755-11819. The vertical structure and radiative properties of persistent low-level Arctic clouds depend on their microphysics, and thus, estimation of the relative significance of the microphysical processes that occur in these

163

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Entrainment Rate in Shallow Cumuli: Probabilistic Distribution and Entrainment Rate in Shallow Cumuli: Probabilistic Distribution and Dependence on Dry Air Sources Download a printable PDF Submitter: Liu, Y., Brookhaven National Laboratory Lu, C., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Lu C, Y Liu, S Niu, and AM Vogelmann. 2012. "Lateral entrainment rate in shallow cumuli: Dependence on dry air sources and probability density functions." Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L20812, doi:10.1029/2012GL053646. Probability density functions (PDFs) of entrainment rate (λ) for different dry air sources in eight cumulus flights. The rate at which cloud engulfs dry air (entrainment rate) has proven to be one of the strongest controls on the climate sensitivity of climate models;

164

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A New Bulk Microphysical Scheme That Includes Riming Intensity and A New Bulk Microphysical Scheme That Includes Riming Intensity and Temperature Dependent Ice Ch Download a printable PDF Submitter: Lin, Y., Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Lin Y and BA Colle. 2011. "A new bulk microphysical scheme that includes riming intensity and temperature dependent ice characteristics." Monthly Weather Review, 139(3), 10.1175/2010MWR3293.1. (a) Coefficients of area-diameter (A-D) relationship in the new scheme. (b) Same as (a), except for the mass-diameter (M-D) relationship. (c) Same as (a), but for the velocity-diameter (V-D) relationship. (d) Same as (c), but each line shows the variation with Ri. More details of the figure are

165

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Downward Longwave Irradiance Uncertainty Under Arctic Atmospheres: Downward Longwave Irradiance Uncertainty Under Arctic Atmospheres: Measurements and Modeling Submitter: Marty, C., Swiss Federal Institute of Snow and Avalanche Research Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Marty, C., R. Philipona, J. Delamere, E.G. Dutton, J. Michalsky, K. Stamnes, R. Storvold, T. Stoffel, S.A. Clough, and E.J. Mlawr, Downward longwave irradiance uncertainty under arctic atmospheres: Measurements and modeling, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D12), 4358, doi:10.1029/2002JD002937, 2003. IPASRC-II instruments deployed at ARM's Barrow Station. Members of 11 international institutions converged at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's North Slope of Alaska (NSA) site in Barrow, Alaska, to conduct the Second International Pyrgeometer and

166

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Dust in the Wind... and the Clouds... and the Atmosphere Dust in the Wind... and the Clouds... and the Atmosphere Submitter: Sassen, K., University of Alaska, Fairbanks Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Journal Reference: Sassen, K., P.J. DeMott, J.M. Propsero, and M.R. Poellot, Saharan Dust Storms and Indirect Aerosol Effects on Clouds: CRYSTAL-FACE Results, Geophys. Res. Ltt., 30(12), 1633, doi:10/1029/2003GL017371, 2003. PDL linear depolarization ratio (color scale on top) and relative returned power (in gray scale) of height versus time displays obtained on July 29, 2002, during the CRYSTAL-FACE experiment. Depicted are strong depolarizing upper tropospheric clouds (~10km), aerosols (δ ~.10 to .15) extending up to ~5.5km, and at lower right (scale adjusted to account for signal

167

Research Highlight  

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ARM Measurements Validate New Satellite Multilayer Cloud Remote Sensing ARM Measurements Validate New Satellite Multilayer Cloud Remote Sensing Method Submitter: Minnis, P., NASA - Langley Research Center Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Huang, J., P. Minnis, B. Lin, Y. Yi, T.-F. Fan, S. Sun-Mack, and J. K. Ayers, 2006: Determination of ice water path in ice-over-water cloud systems using combined MODIS and AMSR-E measurements. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L21801, 10.1029/2006GL027038. Minnis, P., J. Huang, B. Lin, Y. Yi, R. F. Arduini, T.-F. Fan, J. K. Ayers, and G. G. Mace, 2007: Ice cloud properties in ice-over-water cloud systems using TRMM VIRS and TMI data. J. Geophys. Res., 112, D06206, doi:10.1029/2006JD007626. Figure 1. Comparison of the VISST and MCRS retrievals with simultaneous

168

Research Highlight  

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Strong Impacts of Vertical Velocity on Cloud Microphysics and Implications Strong Impacts of Vertical Velocity on Cloud Microphysics and Implications for Aerosol Indirect Download a printable PDF Submitter: Liu, Y., Brookhaven National Laboratory Lu, C., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle, Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Lu C, Y Liu, S Niu, and AM Vogelmann. 2012. "Observed impacts of vertical velocity on cloud microphysics and implications for aerosol indirect effects." Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L21808, doi:10.1029/2012GL053599. Joint probability density functions (PDF) of relative dispersion (ε) versus vertical velocity (w) along horizontal aircraft legs for each cumulus flight (date given in legend). The red lines denote weighted least

169

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Heating Up the Arctic: Most Complete Data Set Ever Collected Helps Heating Up the Arctic: Most Complete Data Set Ever Collected Helps Scientists Understand Aerosol Download a printable PDF Submitter: Ghan, S. J., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: McFarquhar GM, S Ghan, J Verlinde, A Korolev, JW Strapp, B Schmid, JM Tomlinson, M Wolde, SD Brooks, D Cziczo, MK Dubey, JW Fan, C Flynn, I Gultepe, J Hubbe, MK Gilles, A Laskin, P Lawson, WR Leaitch, P Liu, XH Liu, D Lubin, C Mazzoleni, AM Macdonald, RC Moffet, H Morrison, M Ovchinnikov, MD Shupe, DD Turner, SC Xie, A Zelenyuk, K Bae, M Freer, and A Glen. 2011. "Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign: the impact of Arctic aerosols on clouds." Bulletin of the American Meteorological

170

Research Highlight  

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"Radiance Assimilation" Correction Method Improves Water Vapor Radiosonde "Radiance Assimilation" Correction Method Improves Water Vapor Radiosonde Observations in the Upper Troposphere Submitter: Soden, B. J., University of Miami Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Soden, B.J., D.D. Turner, B.M. Lesht, and L.M. Miloshevich (2004), An analysis of satellite, radiosonde, and lidar observations of upper tropospheric water vapor from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D04105, doi:10/1029/2003JD003828. Time-average relative humidity profiles from both original (black) and radiance-adjusted (blue) radiosonde soundings compared to the lidar (red) retrievals from field campaigns in 1996, 1997, 1999, and 2000.

171

Research Highlight  

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Modeled Vs. Measured Direct-Normal Solar Irradiance Modeled Vs. Measured Direct-Normal Solar Irradiance Submitter: Schwartz, S. E., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Halthore R. N., Schwartz, S. E., Michalsky, J. J., Anderson, G. P., Ferrare R. A., Holben B. N., and ten Brink H. M. 1997. "Comparison of Model Estimated and Measured Direct-Normal Solar Irradiance," J. Geophys. Res. 102(D25): 29991-30002 Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Direct-normal solar irradiance (DNSI), the total energy in the solar spectrum incident in unit time on a unit area at the earth's surface perpendicular to the direction to the Sun, Figure 1, depends only on atmospheric extinction of solar energy without regard to the details of the

172

Research Highlight  

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Continuous Dataset of Water Vapor Measurements Throws Water on Assumptions Continuous Dataset of Water Vapor Measurements Throws Water on Assumptions of Cirrus Cloud Formation Submitter: Comstock, J. M., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Comstock, J. M., T. P. Ackerman, and D. D. Turner, 2004: Evidence of high ice supersaturation in cirrus clouds using ARM Raman lidar measurements. Geophys. Res. Letters, doi:10.1029/2004GL019705. To illustrate their findings, a continuous nine-hour segment of Raman lidar measurements showed upper tropospheric RHI measurements ranging from 120% near cloud tops and decreasing to about 70% at cloud base. To study the link between water vapor, cirrus cloud formation (homogenous and heterogenous) mechanisms, and their potential climatic impacts,

173

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ARM Science Applications of AERI Measurements: 1997 Progress ARM Science Applications of AERI Measurements: 1997 Progress Submitter: Smith, W. L., NASA - Langley Research Center Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: N/A Figure 1. Figs. 1a and 1b contain rms differences from 72 radiosondes for AERI retrievals (blue), GOES retrievals (black), and AERI+GOES retrievals (red) for temperature and mixing ratio respectively during the 1997 Water Vapor IOP. A measure of meteorological the variability of the temperature and water vapor is indicated by the green line. Figs. 1c and 1d show the TPW for the same cases from GOES, AERI+GOES, radiosonde, and the ARM SGP CART microwave radiometer and relative percent differences in TPW amounts. Figure 2. Four consecutive radiosonde, GOES, and AERI+GOES comparisons from

174

Research Highlight  

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Weather and Atmospheric Overview During Study of Natural and Urban Weather and Atmospheric Overview During Study of Natural and Urban Emissions (CARES) Download a printable PDF Submitter: Fast, J. ., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Fast JD, WI Gustafson, LK Berg, WJ Shaw, M Pekour, M Shrivastava, JC Barnard, RA Ferrare, CA Hostetler, JA Hair, M Erickson, BT Jobson, B Flowers, MK Dubey, S Springston, RB Pierce, L Dolislager, J Pederson, and RA Zaveri. 2012. "Transport and mixing patterns over central California during the Carbonaceous Aerosol and Radiative Effects Study (CARES)." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 1759-1783. Aircraft sampling flight patterns are shown over central California in this aerial overlay. Researchers collected and analyzed measurements from

175

Research Highlight  

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All Mixed Up-Probing Large and Small Scale Turbulence Structures in All Mixed Up-Probing Large and Small Scale Turbulence Structures in Continental Stratocumulus Clouds Download a printable PDF Submitter: Fang, M., University of Miami Albrecht, B. A., University of Miami Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Fang M, BA Albrecht, VP Ghate, and P Kollias. 2013. "Turbulence in continental stratocumulus, Part I: External forcings and turbulence structures." Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 149(454), doi:10.1007/s10546-013-9873-3. Coherent structures of the vertical velocity (left panels) and the energy dissipation rate (right panels) in updraft region during the day (a, b), night (c, d), and for entire 16 hours (e, f) of continental stratocumulus. Continental stratocumulus clouds are frequently observed in the cold side

176

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New Characterization of Organic Aerosol Evolution Will Help Improve Models New Characterization of Organic Aerosol Evolution Will Help Improve Models Download a printable PDF Submitter: Jimenez, J., University of Colorado Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Jimenez JL and . et al. 2009. "Evolution of organic aerosols in the atmosphere." Science, 326, doi: 10.1126/science.1180353. Total mass concentration (in micrograms per cubic meter) and mass fractions of non-refractory inorganic species and organic components in submicrometer aerosols measured with the AMS at multiple surface locations in the Northern Hemisphere. Inset: Distributions of O:C for the OA components identified at the different sites. Relationship between O:C and hygroscopicity (k, or equivalently the

177

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Validation of CERES-MODIS Cloud Properties Using ARM Data Validation of CERES-MODIS Cloud Properties Using ARM Data Submitter: Dong, X., University of North Dakota Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Dong, X., P. Minnis, B. Xi, S. Sun-Mack, and Y. Chen, 2007: Validation of CERES-MODIS stratus cloud properties using ground-based measurements at the DOE ARM SGP site. Accepted by J. Geophys. Res. Wielicki, B. A. and Co-authors (2000), CERES Validation Plan Overview, Release 4, 10/20/00, 58 pp. (Available at http://asd-www.larc.nasa.gov/ceres/validation/ ceresval_r4.0_over.pdf) Figure 1. Time series of surface-derived cloud-base and -top heights and temperatures (1-hour average) and matched MODIS-derived effective cloud heights and temperatures (30-km x 30-km box) for daytime single-layer and

178

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New Method for Three-Dimensional Imaging of Cirrus Clouds New Method for Three-Dimensional Imaging of Cirrus Clouds Submitter: Liou, K., University of California, Los Angeles Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Liou, K.N, S.C. Ou, Y. Takano, J. Roskovensky, G.G. Mace, K. Sassen, and M. Poellot, 2002: "Remote sensing of three-dimensional inhomogeneous cirrus clouds using satellite and mm-wave cloud radar data," Geophysical Research Letters 29(9): 1360. Figure 1 ARM Data Enables the Development and Verification of a New Method for Three-Dimensional Imaging of Cirrus Clouds to Improve Climate Predictions Cirrus clouds cover about 30% of the Earth's surface. Because ice crystals both reflect sunlight and absorb thermal energy emitted from the earth

179

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A Proposed Measurement Standard for Diffuse Radiation Flux A Proposed Measurement Standard for Diffuse Radiation Flux Download a printable PDF Submitter: Michalsky, J. J., DOC/NOAA/OAR/ESRL Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Michalsky, J. J., C. Gueymard, P. Kiedron, L. J. B. McArthur, R. Philipona, and T. Stoffel, 2007: A proposed working standard for the measurement of diffuse horizontal shortwave irradiance, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D16112, doi:10.1029/2007JD008651. The three pyranometers proposed for the international standard for diffuse flux are shown here in action during the 2006 campaign at the ACRF SGP site. Of note are the shadows of the blocking balls on the domes of each pyranometer. The blocking balls are moved by a solar tracker to continuously shade the pyranometers.

180

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Impact of Anthropogenic Emissions on Organic Aerosols During CARES Impact of Anthropogenic Emissions on Organic Aerosols During CARES Submitter: Zhang, Q., University of California, Davis Area of Research: Aerosol Processes Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Setyan A, Q Zhang, M Merkel, WB Knighton, Y Sun, C Song, J Shilling, TB Onasch, S Herndon, D Worsnop, JD Fast, R Zaveri, LK Berg, A Wiedensohler, BA Flowers, MK Dubey, and R Subramanian. 2012. "Characterization of submicron particles influenced by mixed biogenic and anthropogenic emissions using high-resolution aerosol mass spectrometry: Results from CARES." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, doi:10.5194/acp-12-8131-2012. High-resolution mass spectra (colored by ion category) and elemental ratios of the OA factors. Average contribution of ion categories to the total

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "highlights journal articles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

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Laboratory-Measured Optical Properties of Primary Organic Aerosol for Laboratory-Measured Optical Properties of Primary Organic Aerosol for Humidities Up to 95% Download a printable PDF Submitter: Bond, T., University of Illinois, Urbana Rood, M. J., University of Illinois, Urbana Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Brem BT, FC Mena Gonzalez, SR Meyers, TC Bond, and MJ Rood. 2011. "Laboratory-measured optical properties of inorganic and organic aerosols at relative humidities up to 95%." Aerosol Science and Technology, 46(2), doi:10.1080/02786826.2011.617794. Optical properties of the nigrosin benchmark aerosol as a function of relative humidity (RH). Measured extinction (σep) and scattering (σsp) for 467 nm, 530 nm and 660 nm are shown in 1a), 1b) and 1c); calculated

182

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Arctic Mixed-phase Clouds Persist with Little Help from the Local Surface Arctic Mixed-phase Clouds Persist with Little Help from the Local Surface Download a printable PDF Submitter: Shupe, M., University of Colorado Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle, Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Shupe MD, OG Persson, IM Brooks, M Tjernstrom, J Sedlar, T Mauritsen, S Sjogren, and C Leck. 2013. "Cloud and boundary layer interactions over the Arctic sea ice in late summer." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, doi:10.5194/acp-13-9379-2013. Figure 1. Normalized profiles of (a) vertical velocity skewness and (b) variance, (c) turbulent dissipation rate, and (d) potential temperature. Black curves are all data, while red and green are for decoupled and coupled cases, respectively. Normalization is relative to the cloud top

183

Research Highlight  

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Tackling Tropical Convection in Climate Models Tackling Tropical Convection in Climate Models Submitter: Zhang, G. J., University of California, San Diego Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Zhang, G. J., and H. Wang, 2006. Toward mitigating the double ITCZ problem in NCAR CCSM3, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L06709, doi:10.1029/2005GL025229 (23 March 2006). Figure 1. Climate models commonly suffer from a problem known as the double-ITCZ, which is illustrated here via observed and model-simulated rainfall at the surface. The error is seen in the region circled where, compared to observations (Image A), the original climate model (Image B) produces a second, erroneous equatorial ITCZ band southward from the one

184

Research Highlight  

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Shallow Clouds Make the Case for Remote Sensing Instrumentation Shallow Clouds Make the Case for Remote Sensing Instrumentation Submitter: McFarlane, S. A., U.S. Department of Energy Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: McFarlane, S. A., and W. W. Grabowski (2007). Optical properties of shallow tropical cumuli derived from ARM ground-based remote sensing, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L06808, doi:10.1029/2006GL028767. In this figure, the lines indicate theoretical calculations of cloud droplet size for clouds with various droplet concentrations in which no mixing occurs. The cloud droplet size shows significant variability with height. Traditionally, observations of air mixing and cloud droplet size come from in situ aircraft probes, which collect data at very high horizontal

185

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First Observation-Based Estimates of Cloud-Free Aerosol Radiative Forcing First Observation-Based Estimates of Cloud-Free Aerosol Radiative Forcing Across China Download a printable PDF Submitter: Li, Z., University of Maryland Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: N/A Mean annual shortwave aerosol radiative forcing (SWARF) averaged across China. Spatial variation of the annual mean SW aerosol radiative forcing. Heavy loading of aerosols in China is widely known, but little is known about their impact on regional radiation budgets, which is often expressed as aerosol radiative forcing (ARF). Depending on their composition, aerosols can absorb a substantial amount of solar radiation, leading to a warming of the atmosphere and cooling of the surface. Many investigations have been made to characterize atmospheric aerosols and their radiative

186

Research Highlight  

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Scale Shows True Weight of Aerosol Effects on Clouds Scale Shows True Weight of Aerosol Effects on Clouds Download a printable PDF Submitter: McComiskey, A. C., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Area of Research: Aerosol Processes Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: McComiskey A and G Feingold. 2012. "The scale problem in quantifying aerosol indirect effects." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, doi:10.5194/acp-12-1031-2012. Differing values: Values derived from aircraft and surface observations, which represent disaggregated data, differ from those derived from satellite-based data, which represent data aggregated at a range of levels. Currently, many climate change models treat the two types of data the same. Aerosols-tiny airborne particles from sources like pollution or desert

187

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Improved Accuracy in Liquid Water Path Retrievals Improved Accuracy in Liquid Water Path Retrievals Submitter: Turner, D. D., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Area of Research: Clouds with Low Optical [Water] Depths (CLOWD) Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Turner, D.D., 2007: Improved ground-based liquid water path retrievals using a combined infrared and microwave approach. J. Geophys. Res., 112, D15204, doi:10.1029/2007JD008530. Turner, D.D., A.M. Vogelmann, R. Austin, J.C. Barnard, K. Cady-Pereira, C. Chiu, S.A. Clough, C.J. Flynn, M.M. Khaiyer, J.C. Liljegren, K. Johnson, B. Lin, C.N. Long, A. Marshak, S.Y. Matrosov, S.A. McFarlane, M.A. Miller, Q. Min, P. Minnis, W. O'Hirok, Z. Wang, and W. Wiscombe, 2007: Thin liquid water clouds: Their importance and our challenge. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc.,

188

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Field Experiments to Improve the Treatment of Radiation in the Mid-to-Upper Field Experiments to Improve the Treatment of Radiation in the Mid-to-Upper Troposphere Download a printable PDF Submitter: Turner, D. D., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Mlawer, E. J., Atmospheric & Environmental Research, Inc. Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Turner DD and EJ Mlawer. 2010. "The Radiative Heating in Underexplored Bands Campaigns (RHUBC)." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 91, doi:10.1175/2010BAMS2904.1. (a) Atmospheric transmittance at 1 cm-1 resolution in the far-infrared for three atmospheres that are representative of the ARM SGP site, NSA site, and RHUBC-II site in the Chajnantor plateau (CJC). (b) The transmittance

189

Research Highlight  

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Aerosols Help Clouds Warm Up Arctic Aerosols Help Clouds Warm Up Arctic Submitter: Lubin, D., National Science Foundation Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Lubin, D., and A.M. Vogelmann, 2006: A climatologically significant aerosol longwave indirect effect in the Arctic, Nature, 439, 26 January, 453-456, doi:10.1038/nature04449 In a process known as the first aerosol indirect effect, enhanced aerosol concentrations cause the droplets in a cloud to be smaller and more numerous within a cloud of fixed water amount. This study found that this process can make many clouds more opaque and emit more thermal energy to the surface. The warming of the Arctic climate and decreases in sea ice area and thickness observed over recent decades are believed to result from

190

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Probabilistic Approach Useful for Evaluating Cloud System Models Probabilistic Approach Useful for Evaluating Cloud System Models Submitter: Jakob, C., Monash University Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Jakob, C., R. Pincus, C. Hannay, and K.M. Xu (2004). Use of cloud radar observations for model evaluation: A probabilistic approach, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D03202, doi:10.1029/2003JD003473. In evaluating climate models, time and space represent key challenges when extrapolating observations into simulations. Researchers supported by DOE's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program have explored an alternative method based on "point series data" to arrive at model cloud predictions. Point series data are obtained over time through measurements

191

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The Mixing State of Carbonaceous Aerosol Particles in Northern and Southern The Mixing State of Carbonaceous Aerosol Particles in Northern and Southern California Measured During CARES and CalNex Download a printable PDF Submitter: Zaveri, R., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Aerosol Processes Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Cahill JF, K Suski, JH Seinfeld, RA Zaveri, and KA Prather. 2012. "The mixing state of carbonaceous aerosol particles in Northern and Southern California measured during CARES and CalNex 2010." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, doi:10.5194/acp-12-10989-2012. The CARES campaign took place in Sacramento in order to sample the city's urban plume. Photo courtesy of Jason Tomlinson. Researchers, including DOE scientists working at Pacific Northwest National

192

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Seasonal Case Studies Reveal Significant Variance in Large-Scale Forcing Seasonal Case Studies Reveal Significant Variance in Large-Scale Forcing Data Submitter: Xie, S., Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Xie, S, R.T Cederwall, M. Zhang, and J.J. Yio, Comparison of SCM and CSRM forcing data derived from the ECMWF model and from objective analysis at the ARM SGP site, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D16), 4499, doi:10.1029/2003JD003541, 2003. Observed (left) and ECMWF-derived (right) forcing fields of time-height distributions of the derived (top) vertical velocity, (middle) total advective tendency and temperature, and (bottom) total advective tendency of moisture during the selected strong precipitation period during summer

193

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Improving Water Vapor Absorption in Microwave Radiative Transfer Models Improving Water Vapor Absorption in Microwave Radiative Transfer Models Download a printable PDF Submitter: Turner, D. D., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Loehnert, U., University of Cologne Cadeddu, M. P., Argonne National Laboratory Crewell, S., University of Cologne Vogelmann, A. M., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Turner DD, MP Cadeddu, U Loehnert, S Crewell, and A Vogelmann. 2009. "Modifications to the water vapor continuum in the microwave suggested by ground-based 150 GHz observations." IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 47(10), 3326-3337. Figure 1: The top panel shows downwelling microwave brightness temperature

194

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Estimating Cloud and Rainfall Parameters in a Vertical Column Above the Estimating Cloud and Rainfall Parameters in a Vertical Column Above the ACRF SGP Site Download a printable PDF Submitter: Matrosov, S. Y., CIRES/NOAA/ESRL/University of Colorado Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: N/A An example of MMCR (a) and WACR (b) ARM radar measurements of a stratiform precipitating event and the corresponding estimates of mean rain rate (c) and cloud IWP and LWP (d). A comprehensive characterization of all hydrometeors in the vertical column is an important task, which is crucial for model parameterization and validation purposes. For many years, the remote sensing efforts within the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program were focused primarily on either non-precipitating or only weakly-precipitating (e.g., drizzling)

195

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Black Carbon Reduction of Snow Albedo Black Carbon Reduction of Snow Albedo Submitter: Kirchstetter, T. W., Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Hadley OL and TW Kirchstetter. 2012. "Black carbon reduction of snow albedo." Nature Climate Change, , doi:10.1038/nclimate1433. Spectrally weighted snow albedo over the 300-2,500 nm solar spectrum: derived from our experiments (dots, 1 standard deviation) and modelled using SNICAR (shaded bands). Upper and lower boundaries of the shaded bands correspond to modelled albedo assuming BC mass absorption cross-sections, at 550 nm, of 7.5 and 15 m2/g, respectively. Climate models indicate that the reduction of surface albedo caused by black carbon contamination of snow contributes to global warming and

196

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Chinese Researchers Report Reliable Method for Monitoring Soil Moisture Chinese Researchers Report Reliable Method for Monitoring Soil Moisture Submitter: Bhattacharya, A., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Surface Properties Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Sun L, R Sun, XW Li, SL Liang, and RH Zhang. 2012. "Monitoring surface soil moisture status based on remotely sensed surface temperature and vegetation index information." Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 166, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.07.015. Shown here is the SGP Central Facility, where the most comprehensive instrument suite is hosted. Moisture trapped in soil provides water necessary for vegetation and crops, but how much of that moisture makes its way into the atmosphere and influences regional meteorology? The poor understanding of the role of soil

197

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Cloud Observations at Niamey During the AMF Deployment Cloud Observations at Niamey During the AMF Deployment Submitter: Kollias, P., McGill University Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Kollias, P. and M. A. Miller, 2007: Cloud and Precipitation Observations at Niamey During the 2006 ARM Mobile Facility Deployment. Submitted to Geophysical Research Letters. Daily observed cloud fraction in Niamey during the AMF deployment. The cloud fraction is derived using measurements from the 94-GHz radar, the MPL, and the ceilometer. The vertical resolution is 260 m, and a 5-day temporal filter is applied to the daily cloud fraction profiles. (a) Monthly-averaged cloud and precipitation fraction. The monthly mean and standard deviation of cirrus cloud top (white line), middle cloud tops

198

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Cloud-Radiation Effects on Sea Ice Loss Cloud-Radiation Effects on Sea Ice Loss Download a printable PDF Submitter: Stephens, G. L., Colorado State University Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Kay, JE, T L'Ecuyer, A Gettelman, G Stephens, and C O'Dell. "The contribution of cloud and radiation anomalies to the 2007 Arctic sea ice extent minimum." To appear in Geophysical Research Letters. Clouds and downwelling radiation 2007-2006 differences (June 15-Sept 15). a. Total cloud fraction differences based on radar and lidar data. b. Downwelling SW radiative flux difference. c. Downwelling LW radiative flux difference. The Western Arctic Ocean is outlined in brown. ARM ground-based radiation observations at Barrow, Alaska.

199

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Characterizing Mixed-Phase Clouds from the Ground: a Status Report Characterizing Mixed-Phase Clouds from the Ground: a Status Report Download a printable PDF Submitter: Shupe, M., University of Colorado Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Shupe, MD, JS Daniel, G De Boer, EW Eloranta, P Kollias, E Luke, CN Long, DD Turner, and J Verlinde. 2008. "A focus on mixed-phase clouds: The status of ground-based observational methods." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, accepted for publication in October 2008 issue. Figure 1. Retrieved cloud properties for 9 October 2004 at Barrow: (a) Multisensor cloud phase classification, (b) radar Doppler spectra cloud phase classification, (c) ice water content, (d) ice particle effective radius, (e) adiabatic liquid water content scaled to the microwave

200

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Simulating the Impact of Aerosols on Tropical Deep Convection Simulating the Impact of Aerosols on Tropical Deep Convection Download a printable PDF Submitter: Morrison, H. C., NCAR Area of Research: Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle, Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Morrison H and WW Grabowski. 2011. "Cloud-system resolving model simulations of aerosol indirect effects on tropical deep convection and its thermodynamic environment." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(20), doi:10.5194/acp-11-10503-201. Profiles of ensemble- and horizontally averaged a) cloud water mixing ratio, b) rain mixing ratio, c) ice mixing ratio, d) cloud droplet concentration, e) rain number concentration, and f) ice number concentration, Ni, for pristine (blue), polluted (green), and highly

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "highlights journal articles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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201

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Development and Recent Evaluation of the MT_CKD Model of Continuum Development and Recent Evaluation of the MT_CKD Model of Continuum Absorption Download a printable PDF Submitter: Mlawer, E. J., Atmospheric & Environmental Research, Inc. Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Mlawer EJ, VH Payne, J Moncet, JS Delamere, MJ Alvarado, and DD Tobin. 2012. "Development and recent evaluation of the MT_CKD model of continuum absorption." Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society A, 370, doi: 10.1098/rsta.2011.0295. For seven AERI cases with 4-6 cm PWV: (a) average AERI radiances (black) and corresponding calculations using radiation code with previous version of MT_CKD continuum model (red); (b) residuals between AERI and calculations with older model; (c) residuals after the CO2 continuum in

202

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A Bulk Parameterization of Giant Cloud Condensation Nuclei A Bulk Parameterization of Giant Cloud Condensation Nuclei Download a printable PDF Submitter: Kogan, Y., University of Oklahoma - CIMMS Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Mechem, D. B., and Y. L. Kogan, 2007: A bulk parameterization of giant CCN. J. Atmos. Sci., conditionally accepted. Mean quantities as a function of GCCN concentration for polluted (squares) and clean (diamonds) background CCN conditions. Radiative quantities as a function of GCCN concentration for polluted and clean background CCN conditions shown in (a) optical depth; (b) albedo; (c) susceptibility; and (d) susceptibility relative to the control simulations without GCCN. A parameterization for giant cloud condensation nuclei (GCCN), suitable for

203

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Single-Column Modeling, GCM Parameterizations and ARM Data Single-Column Modeling, GCM Parameterizations and ARM Data Submitter: Somerville, R. C., Scripps Institution of Oceanography Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Randall, D.A., K.-M. Xu, R.C.J. Somerville, and S. Iacobellis, 1996: "Single-Column Models and Cloud Ensemble Models as Links between Observations and Climate Models," J. Climate 9(8)1683-1697. Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 We have developed a Single-Column Model (SCM) to validate GCM cloud-radiation parameterizations against ARM observational data. The SCM is a computationally efficient one-dimensional representation of the atmospheric column overlying a single GCM grid cell. The SCM is integrated

204

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Clouds Brighten Up the Sky Near Them Clouds Brighten Up the Sky Near Them Download a printable PDF Submitter: Varnai, T., University of Maryland, Baltimore County/JCEST Marshak, A., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Varnai T and A Marshak. 2009. "MODIS observations of enhanced clear sky reflectance near clouds." Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L06807, doi:10.1029/2008GL037089. Figure 1. Illustration of clouds enhancing the brightness of sky in nearby clear areas. In cloud-free areas light is scattered mainly by air molecules, but aerosols also contribute. Figure 2. Top: Average increase in MODIS clear-sky reflectivity (R) near clouds. The difference between areas near illuminated and shadowy cloud

205

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When Pollution Gets a Whiff of Trees When Pollution Gets a Whiff of Trees Download a printable PDF Submitter: Shilling, J., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Shilling JE, RA Zaveri, JD Fast, L Kleinman, M Alexander, MR Canagaratna, E Fortner, JM Hubbe, JT Jayne, A Sedlacek, A Setyan, S Springston, DR Worsnop, and Q Zhang. 2013. "Enhanced SOA formation from mixed anthropogenic and biogenic emissions during the CARES campaign." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, doi:10.5194/acp-13-2091-2013. Organic aerosols from tree emissions increase when mixed with manmade sources, impacting the climate. It's easy to visualize particles and gases from vehicle exhaust or burning trash wafting into the atmosphere. It's harder to envision similar gases

206

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Cloud-Top Humidity Inversions and the Maintenance of Arctic Mixed-Phase Cloud-Top Humidity Inversions and the Maintenance of Arctic Mixed-Phase Stratocumulus Submitter: Solomon, A., NOAA/ESRL/Physical Sciences Division Shupe, M., University of Colorado Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Solomon A, MD Shupe, O Persson, and H Morrison. 2011. "Moisture and dynamical interactions maintaining decoupled Arctic mixed-phase stratocumulus in the presence of a humidity inversion." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11, doi:10.5194/acp-11-10127-2011. Soundings of mid-day decoupled stratocumulus at Barrow, Alaska. (A) Measured 17:34Z 8 April 2008 at (71.33N,156.61W). (B) 50-m LES simulation 20Z 8 April 2008 at (71.33N,156.91W). Gray shading marks the extent of the

207

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"Invisible" Giants in the Sky "Invisible" Giants in the Sky Download a printable PDF Submitter: Kassianov, E., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Kassianov E, M Pekour, and J Barnard. 2012. "Aerosols in central California: Unexpectedly large contribution of coarse mode to aerosol radiative forcing." Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L20806, doi:10.1029/2012GL053469. Daily averaged values of (a, b) the direct aerosol radiative forcing (DARF) and (c, d) aerosol radiative forcing efficiency at the top-of-atmosphere calculated for the "original" aerosol optical properties (blue) and their PM1.0 (red) and PM2.5 (green) counterparts at the CARES (left) T0 and (right) T1 sites.

208

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Modeling of Scattering and Absorption by Nonspherical Cirrus Modeling of Scattering and Absorption by Nonspherical Cirrus Submitter: Dong, Q., University of Washington Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Fu, Q., W.B. Sun, and P. Yang, 1999: "Modeling of Scattering and Absorption by Nonspherical Cirrus Ice Particles at Thermal Infrared Wavelengths," J. Atmos. Sci. 56(16): 2937-2947. We examined a number of commonly used methods for the calculation of the scattering and absorption properties of nonspherical ice crystals at thermal infrared wavelengths. It is found that, for randomly oriented nonspherical particles, Mie theory using equivalent ice spheres tends to overestimate the absorption efficiency while the anomalous diffraction

209

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Modification of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer by a Small Island: Modification of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer by a Small Island: Observations from Nauru Submitter: Long, C. N., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Matthews, S., J. M. Hacker, J. Cole, J. Hare, C. N. Long, and R. M. Reynolds, (2007): Modification of the atmospheric boundary layer by a small island: observations from Nauru, MWR, Vol. 135, No. 3, pages 891–905. Figure 1. Illustration of daytime heating producing a thermal internal boundary layer effect over Nauru, which in turn produces cumulous clouds above the boundary layer. Figure 2. Illustration of Nauru heat-island produced by convective rolls forming cloud streets. Figure 3. Satellite images of Nauru on December 13, 2000 showing the cloud

210

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Out with the Old, in with the New: McICA to Replace Traditional Cloud Out with the Old, in with the New: McICA to Replace Traditional Cloud Overlap Assumptions Submitter: Pincus, R., NOAA - CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Pincus, R., R. Hemler, and S.A. Klein, 2006: Using Stochastically Generated Subcolumns to Represent Cloud Structure in a Large-Scale Model. Mon. Wea. Rev., 134, 3644-3656. As shown by the difference between the two panels, the standard way (AM2, top panel) of mixing solar reflection and transmission differs systematically from the Independent Column Approximation approach. Because cloud-radiation interactions depend critically on the vertical amount of clouds, different assumptions about how this alignment occurs

211

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When It Rains, It Doesn't Always Pour When It Rains, It Doesn't Always Pour Download a printable PDF Submitter: Penide, G., Laboratoire d\\\'Optique Atmospherique Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Penide G, V Kumar, A Protat, and P May. 2013. "Statistics of drop size distribution parameters and rain rates for stratiform and convective precipitation during the North Australian wet season." Monthly Weather Review, 141(9), 10.1175 /mwr-d-12-00262.1. Measurements from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement facility at Darwin, Australia, helped scientists determine how drop size distribution and rain rates are affected by larger-scale weather patterns. Rainfall comes in a variety of forms: mist, drizzle, showers, downpours. The type and frequency of rainfall usually depends on the season and

212

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New Surface Albedo Data Set Enables Improved Radiative Transfer New Surface Albedo Data Set Enables Improved Radiative Transfer Calculations Download a printable PDF Submitter: McFarlane, S. A., U.S. Department of Energy Area of Research: Surface Properties Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: McFarlane SA, K Gaustad, E Mlawer, C Long, and J Delamere. 2011. "Development of a high spectral resolution surface albedo product for the ARM Southern Great Plains central facility." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 4, 1713-1733. Time series of daily percent vegetation derived from MFR measurements for (top) 2001-2008 at 10-m tower, which is located over an unmanaged pasture; (middle) 2001-2004 at 25-m tower, which is located over a managed field; and (bottom) 2005-2008 at 25-m tower. The different seasonal cycles at the

213

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Comparing Global Atmospheric Model Simulations of Tropical Convection Comparing Global Atmospheric Model Simulations of Tropical Convection Download a printable PDF Submitter: Lin, Y., Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: N/A Mean profiles of (first column) total precipitation normalized Q1, (second column) convective precipitation normalized convective heating, (third column) stratiform heating, and (fourth column) convective mass flux for the (top) wet, (middle) dry, and (bottom) break period from models and available observational estimates. Dashed lines are fine resolution model results. Note the different x axis scale for the third and fourth columns. An intercomparison of global atmospheric model simulations of tropical

214

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Parameterization of Riming Intensity and Its Impact on Ice Fall Speed Using Parameterization of Riming Intensity and Its Impact on Ice Fall Speed Using ARM Data Download a printable PDF Submitter: Lin, Y., Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Lin Y, DJ Leo, and BA Colle. 2011. "Parameterization of riming intensity and its impact on ice fall speed using ARM data." Monthly Weather Review, 139(3), 10.1175/2010MWR3299.1. (a) Scatter plot of the observed Doppler velocities from the MMCR against the ice fall velocities derived using the Heymsfield and Donner (1990) formula. (b) Same as (a), but shows the ice fall velocities derived using Eq. 4 with RMF_para. Annual long-term mean precipitation in mm day-1 for: (a) GPCPv2, (b) CTL

215

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Can Ice-Nucleating Aerosols Affect Arctic Seasonal Climate? Can Ice-Nucleating Aerosols Affect Arctic Seasonal Climate? Submitter: Prenni, A. J., Colorado State University Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Prenni, A. J., J. Y. Harrington, M. Tjernstrom, P. J. DeMott, A. Avramov, C. N. Long, S. M. Kreidenweis, P. Q. Olsson, and J. Verlinde, (2006): Can Ice-Nucleating Aerosols Affect Arctic Seasonal Climate?, BAMS, Vol.88, Iss. 4; pg. 541-550. ACIA, 2004: Impacts of a Warming Arctic: Arctic Climate Impact Assessment. Cambridge University Press, 1020pp. Additional Key Contact: Long, C. N. , Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Figure 1. Time series for the 2-day simulation plotted over Oliktok Point for Standard IN and M-PACE IN concentrations: (a) liquid water path (g

216

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Looking at the Full Spectrum for Water Vapor Looking at the Full Spectrum for Water Vapor Download a printable PDF Submitter: Turner, D. D., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Mlawer EJ, VH Payne, J Moncet, JS Delamere, MJ Alvarado, and DD Tobin. 2012. "Development and recent evaluation of the MT_CKD model of continuum absorption." Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society A, 370, doi: 10.1098/rsta.2011.0295. Radiative cooling across the full infrared spectrum: The far-infrared (the left half of the figure, from 15 to 1000 microns) plays a key role in heat transfer in the atmosphere, but scientists could not measure it, and model calculations were consequently very uncertain. Field observations from

217

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Validating Single Column Models with ARM Data Validating Single Column Models with ARM Data Submitter: Somerville, R. C., Scripps Institution of Oceanography Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Iacobellis, S.F., McFarquhar, G.M., Mitchell, D.L., and Somerville, R.C.J., 2003: "The Sensitivity of Radiative Fluxes to Parameterized Cloud Microphysics," J. Climate 16(18): 2979-2996. Scientists validated the results of both models by comparing them with the solar radiation as measured by the ARM instruments in the same grid cell. Scientists compared predictions of two models (red and blue lines) with measurements taken by ARM instruments (yellow line) at the same location. The models predict the amount and optical properties of clouds and the

218

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Cloud Tomography: a Novel Method for Determining 3D Cloud Liquid Water Cloud Tomography: a Novel Method for Determining 3D Cloud Liquid Water Distribution Download a printable PDF Submitter: Wiscombe, W. J., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Huang, D., Y. Liu, and W. Wiscombe, 2007a: Determination of cloud liquid water distribution using 3D cloud tomography. J. Geophys. Res., submitted. Cloud tomography is a novel method for determining cloud water distribution by measuring cloud microwave emission from multiple directions. The upper plot shows a 2D cross-sectional snapshot of the liquid water structure of a stratocumulus cloud simulated by a large-eddy model. It also shows the four scanning microwave radiometers used to retrieve the cloud liquid water

219

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Lord of the Wings: Elevated Particles a Rising Star Lord of the Wings: Elevated Particles a Rising Star Download a printable PDF Submitter: Kassianov, E., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Kassianov E, C Flynn, J Redemann, B Schmid, PB Russell, and A Sinyuk. 2012. "Initial assessment of the Spectrometer for Sky-Scanning, Sun-Tracking Atmospheric Research (4STAR)-based aerosol retrieval: Sensitivity study." Atmosphere, 3, doi:10.3390/atmos3040495. The 4STAR instrument. The 4STAR instrument (inset) is installed through the upper hull of the PNNL G-1 research aircraft, for in-flight sun-tracking and sky light-scanning. Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, in collaboration with colleagues at NASA Ames Research Center, developed a next-generation

220

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Modeling Cloud Forcing in the Tropical West Pacific Modeling Cloud Forcing in the Tropical West Pacific Submitter: Kiehl, J., NCAR Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Petch, J.C., and J.T. Kiehl, 1997: "Investigating Cloud Radiative Forcing in the Tropical West Pacific Using a Single Column Model." In Proceedings from the Seventh ARM Science Team Meeting, U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, D.C. Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Here is summary of the poster "Investigating Cloud Radiative Forcing in the Tropical West Pacific Using a Single Column Model" (Petch and Kiehl) presented at the ARM 7th Science Team Meeting in San Antonio, Texas, March 1997. SCCM3, a single-column version of CCM3, has been forced with TOGA-COARE

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "highlights journal articles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

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"Roobik" Is Part of the Answer, Not a Puzzle "Roobik" Is Part of the Answer, Not a Puzzle Submitter: Turner, D. D., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: N/A Taking place during the arid Arctic winter, the RHUBC will obtain measurements in the far-infrared (15-40 microns), when the so-called "Arctic" infrared window between 16 and 40 microns is semi-transparent. Between February and March 2007 at the ACRF North Slope of Alaska site in Barrow, high-spectral-resolution observations will be collected by three state-of-the-art Fourier Transform Spectrometers sampling at different bands in the far-infrared. The Radiative Heating in Underexplored Bands Campaign, or RHUBC (pronounced "roobik"), will make detailed observations

222

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Burning on the Prairies Burning on the Prairies Submitter: Bhattacharya, A., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Fischer ML, MS Torn, DP Billesbach, G Doyle, B Northup, and SC Biraud. 2012. "Carbon, water, and heat flux responses to experimental burning and drought in a tallgrass prairie." Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 166, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.07.011. Pasture burning during the beginning of the experiment at the USDA Grazing Lands Research Laboratory in March 2005. What does it mean for the carbon cycle? The deep drought in the United States that fueled wildfires and damaged crops in 2012 has now continued well into 2013. However, long before the droughts and fires wreaked havoc, a team of

223

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Wildfires Lead to More Warming Than Climate Models Predict, a New Mexico Wildfires Lead to More Warming Than Climate Models Predict, a New Mexico Fire Study Reports Download a printable PDF Submitter: Bhattacharya, A., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: China S, C Mazzoleni, K Gorkowski, AC Aiken, and MK Dubey. 2013. "Morphology and mixing state of individual freshly emitted wildfire carbonaceous particles." Nature Communications, 4, 2122, doi:10.1038/ncomms3122. La Conchas fire, New Mexico Analyzing fresh, carbon-rich aerosols in smoke from the largest wildfire in New Mexico (2011), scientists report large impacts of wildfires on climate. A research study, published last week in Nature Communications, has revealed that smoke from wildfires, or biomass-burning events, contains

224

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Mixed-Phase Cloud Radiative Properties from M-PACE Microphysical Retrievals Mixed-Phase Cloud Radiative Properties from M-PACE Microphysical Retrievals Download a printable PDF Submitter: de Boer, G., University of Colorado, Boulder/CIRES Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: de Boer G, WD Collins, S Menon, and CN Long. 2011. "Using surface remote sensors to derive radiative characteristics of mixed-phase clouds: An example from M-PACE." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11, doi: 10.5194/acp-11-11937-2011. Measured and retrieved cloud properties on 10 October 2004. Included are (top to bottom) AHSRL bacscatter cross-section, AHSRL depolarization ratio, MMCR reflectivity, and profiles of liquid water content (LWC), ice water content (IWC), and liquid (r_{e,liq}) and ice (r$_{e,ice}$) effective

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Clouds Get in the Way: How Climate Models Calculate the Effects of Clouds Clouds Get in the Way: How Climate Models Calculate the Effects of Clouds on Earth's Warming Download a printable PDF Submitter: Qian, Y., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Qian Y, CN Long, H Wang, JM Comstock, SA McFarlane, and S Xie. 2012. "Evaluation of cloud fraction and its radiative effect simulated by IPCC AR4 global models against ARM surface observations." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12(4), doi:10.5194/acp-12-1785-2012. Clouds get in the way of the dawn light, perfectly framing the Raman lidar instrument at the ARM Climate Research Facility Southern Great Plains site. This ground-based laser is a remote sensing instrument used for measuring

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Profiling Capability of High-Resolution Oxygen A-band Spectroscopy for Profiling Capability of High-Resolution Oxygen A-band Spectroscopy for Stratus Cloud Cover Submitter: Davis, A. B., Jet Propulsion Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Davis AB, IN Polonsky, and A Marshak. 2009. Space-Time Green Functions for Diffusive Radiation Transport, in Application to Active and Passive Cloud Probing. In Light Scattering Reviews, Volume 4, pp. 169-292. Ed. by A.A. Kohkanovsky, Heidelberg, Germany: Springer. Transmission: (a) Ratio of mean path Τ to cloud thickness Η times (1-g)τ plotted versus cosine of SZA μ0 and cloud optical depth τ; asymmetry factor g was set to 0.85, then delta-rescaled to 0.46. Given this ratio (>1/2) and Η or τ, one can infer the other cloud parameter.

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Satellite Retrievals of Mixed-phase Cloud Properties Satellite Retrievals of Mixed-phase Cloud Properties Download a printable PDF Submitter: Ou, S., University of California, Los Angeles Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Ou SS, KN Liou, XJ Wang, A Dybdahl, M Mussetto, LD Carey, J Niu, JA Kankiewicz, S Kidder, and TH Von der Haar. 2009. "Retrievals of mixed-phase cloud properties during the National Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System." Applied Optics, 48(8), 1452-1462. Images of mixed-phase retrieved (a) τi, (b) De, (c) τw, and (d) re for the Terra/MODIS scene of 14 October 2001 over North Platte, Nebraska. Also shown are (e) retrieved τi and τw versus MODIS τ within the pink box and (f) retrieved De and re versus MODIS re within the pink box.

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Modeled Compared to Measured O:C and H:C Elemental Ratios of Secondary Modeled Compared to Measured O:C and H:C Elemental Ratios of Secondary Organic Material Download a printable PDF Submitter: Martin, S., Pierce Hall School of Engineering and Applied Sciences Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Chen Q, Y Liu, N Donahue, J Shilling, and S Martin. 2011. "Particle-phase chemistry of secondary organic material: modeled compared to measured O:C and H:C elemental ratios provide constraints." Environmental Science & Technology, , 10.1021/es104398s. Figure 1. Measurements and predictions. The first row shows particle mass yields at 298 K. The second row shows the modeled and measured particle-average O:C and H:C ratios for increasing particle mass concentrations.

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First Measurements of Neutral Atmospheric Cluster and 1-2 Nm Particle First Measurements of Neutral Atmospheric Cluster and 1-2 Nm Particle Number Distributions During Nucleation Events Download a printable PDF Submitter: McMurry, P. ., University of Minnesota Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Jiang J, J Zhao, M Chen, J Scheckman, BJ Williams, FL Eisele, and PH McMurry. 2011. "First measurements of neutral atmospheric cluster and 1-2 nm particle number distributions during nucleation events." Aerosol Science and Technology, 45, doi:10.1080/02786826.2010.546817. Jiang J, M Chen, C Kuang, M Attoui, and PH McMurry. 2011. "Electrical mobility spectrometer using a diethylene glycol condensation particle counter for measurement of aerosol size distributions down to 1 nm."

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Testing and Comparing the Modified Anomalous Diffraction Approximation Testing and Comparing the Modified Anomalous Diffraction Approximation Submitter: Mitchell, D. L., Desert Research Institute Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Mitchell, D.L., A.J. Baran, W.P. Arnott, C. Schmitt, 2006: Testing and comparing the anomalous diffraction approximation. J. Atmos. Sci., 63, 2948-2962. Comparison of MADA and T-matrix with measured Qext. Regions without data were contaminated by water vapor or CO2 absorption. MADA and T-matrix calculations are based on the measured PSD of hexagonal columns having an effective diameter of 14 microns. Comparison of the PSD weighted Qabs predicted by FDTD and MADA for a tunneling efficiency corresponding to aggregates. Cirrus clouds play a large role in the Earth's radiation budget and the way

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Integrated Water Vapor and Cloud Liquid Water at MCTEX Integrated Water Vapor and Cloud Liquid Water at MCTEX Submitter: Liljegren, J. C., Argonne National Laboratory Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: N/A Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Integrated water vapor and cloud liquid water measurements were obtained during the Maritime Continent Thunderstorm Experiment (MCTEX) by Eugene Clothiaux and Tom Ackerman of Penn State University using an ARM microwave radiometer. The radiometer was deployed at Pularumpi, Melville Island (11.55 S, 130.56 E) off the north coast of Australia for November-December 1995. Time series of these results are shown in Figure 1. Time series of integrated or "precipitable" water vapor (PWV) and liquid

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Addressing the "Light Precipitation Problem" in the ECMWF Global Model Addressing the "Light Precipitation Problem" in the ECMWF Global Model Download a printable PDF Submitter: Ahlgrimm, M., European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Ahlgrimm M and R Forbes. 2013. "Improving the representation of low clouds and drizzle in the ECMWF model based on ARM observations from the Azores." Monthly Weather Review, , . ACCEPTED. Monthly mean cloud and precipitation occurrence from observations (red), the control version of the single column model (green) and the SCM experiment (blue). (a) Total cloud occurrence. (b) Low cloud (solid) and deep boundary layer (dashed) cloud occurrence. (c) Precipitation occurrence

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Progress in Understanding Water Vapor's Role in Models Progress in Understanding Water Vapor's Role in Models Submitter: Ackerman, T. P., University of Washington Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: N/A Time-height cross sections of water vapor mixing ratio, which is observed directly by the ARM Raman lidar at 10-min and approximately 100 m resolution, and relative humidity for 29 November through 2 December 2002. The bottom panel shows the comparison of the precipitable water vapor observed by the Raman lidar and the collocated microwave radiometer. The time-height cross sections, as well as the integrated field, show the large variability in water vapor that exists over the ARM Southern Great Plains site. After years of sustained research efforts into the accuracy of atmospheric

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Production Flux of Sea-Spray Aerosol Production Flux of Sea-Spray Aerosol Download a printable PDF Submitter: Schwartz, S. E., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: de Leeuw G, EL Andreas, MD Anguelova, ER Lewis, C O'Dowd, M Schulz, and SE Schwartz. 2011. "Production flux of sea-spray aerosol." Reviews of Geophysics, 49, RG2001, doi:10.1029/2010RG000349. Lewis ER and SE Schwartz. 2004. Sea Salt Aerosol Production: Mechanisms, Methods, Measurements, and Models-A Critical Review. Washington DC: American Geophysical Union. Parameterizations of size-dependent SSA production flux evaluated for wind speed U10 = 8 m s-1. Also, central values (curves) and associated uncertainty ranges (bands) from Lewis and Schwartz (2004). Abscissa denotes

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Multifractal Analysis of Radiation in Clouds: 5000km to 50cm Multifractal Analysis of Radiation in Clouds: 5000km to 50cm Submitter: Lovejoy, S., McGill University Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Lovejoy, S., D. Schertzer, J. D. Stanway, 2001: "Direct Evidence of planetary scale atmospheric cascade dynamics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(22): 5200-5203. Left: Power spectrum of the 5 different aircraft measured liquid water data sets from the FIRE experiment (averaged over 10 equally logarithmically spaced points on the k-axis and vertically offset). The absolute slopes with Β = 1.45 is indicated (straight line on top of graph) for reference. The number of sets used to compute the average from top to bottom: 4, 3, 1, 2, 5. A constant aircraft speed of 100m/s has been assumed. Right: Ensemble

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Retrieving Cloud Characteristics from Ground-Based Daytime Color All-Sky Retrieving Cloud Characteristics from Ground-Based Daytime Color All-Sky Images Submitter: Long, C. N., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Long, C. N., J. M. Sabburg, J. Calbo, and D. Pages, (2006): Retrieving Cloud Characteristics from Ground-based Daytime Color All-sky Images, JTech, 23, No. 5, 633–652. Long, C. N., J. M. Sabburg, J. Calbo, and D. Pages, (2006): Papers of Note: Retrieving Cloud Characteristics from Ground-based Daytime Color All-sky Images, BAMS, 87, No. 6, 743–744. Figure 1. Sky image (left) from 1300 LST Sept 4, 2004, and corresponding cloud decision image (right) denoting originally retrieved clear sky (blue), thin cloud (gray), and opaque cloud (white). Black denotes masked

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Weather Forecasting in the Tropics with Climate Models Is Feasible Weather Forecasting in the Tropics with Climate Models Is Feasible Submitter: Boyle, J., Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Climate Model Forecast Experiments for TOGA-COARE. J. Boyle,S. Klein,G. Zhang,S. Xie,X. Wei. Accepted by Monthly Weather Review Figure 1. Profiles of the apparent heat source (Q1) at the TOGA-COARE central site for the observations and day-two forecasts of the CAM, CAM with Zhang modification (ZMO), and AM2 averaged over the entire TOGA-COARE period are shown. Units are degrees Kelvin day. The CAM with the Zhang modified deep convection produced the best fit to the observations. Proper simulation of both the magnitude and level of maximum heating were shown to

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Development of a New Method for Estimating Evapotranspiration Using ARM Development of a New Method for Estimating Evapotranspiration Using ARM Measurements Submitter: Li, Z., University of Maryland Area of Research: Surface Properties Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Wang, K., P. Wang, Z. Li, M. Cribb, and M. Sparrow (2007). A simple method to estimate actual evapotranspiration from a combination of net radiation, vegetation index, and temperature, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D15107, doi:10.1029/2006JD008351. Wang, K., Z. Li, and M. Cribb (2006). Estimation of evaporative fraction from a combination of day and night land surface temperature and NDVI: A new method to determine the Priestley-Taylor parameter. Remote Sensing of Environment, 102, 293-305. Time series of the measured (dot) and predicted ET (line) using equation

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Data from DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Allows Evaluation Data from DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Allows Evaluation of Surface Models Submitter: Robock, A., Rutgers University Area of Research: Surface Properties Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Robock, A., Luo, L., Wood, E. F., Wen, F., Mitchell, K. E., Houser, P. R., Schaake, J. C., Lohmann, D., Cosgrove, B., Sheffield, J., Duan, Q., Higgins, R. W., Pinker, R. T., Tarpley, J. D., Basara, J. D., Crawford, K. C., Evaluation of the North American Land Data Assimilation System over the Southern Great Plains during the warm season, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D22), 8846, doi:10.1029/2002JD003245, 2003 An example of the model discrepancies is shown in a comparison of monthly mean diurnal cycle data from July 1999 at the ARM Southern Great Plains

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The Significance of Multilayer Cloud Systems in Tropical Convection The Significance of Multilayer Cloud Systems in Tropical Convection Download a printable PDF Submitter: Stephens, G. L., Colorado State University Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Stephens, GL, and NB Wood. 2007. "Properties of tropical convection observed by millimeter-wave radar systems." Monthly Weather Review 135: 821-842. Storm classifications (derived from k-means clustering analysis) applied to MWR observations from (a) Manus during MJO, (b) Manus during MJO transition, (c) Indian Ocean (JASMINE experiment) during monsoon, and (d) tropical convection off the Florida coast (CRYSTAL-FACE experiment) of cloud and precipitation echo top heights. The relative frequencies of

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ARM Science Applications of AERI Measurements ARM Science Applications of AERI Measurements Submitter: Smith, W. L., NASA - Langley Research Center Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: DeSlover, D. H. 1996. Analysis of Visible and Infrared Cirrus Cloud Optical Properties Using High Spectral Resolution Remote Sensing, M.S. Thesis, University of Wisconsin - Madison. Ho, S.-P. 1997. Atmospheric Profiles From Simultaneous Observations of Upwelling and Downwelling Spectral Radiance, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Wisconsin - Madison. Knuteson, R. O., F. A. Best, H. B. Howell, P. Minnett, H. E. Revercomb, W. L. Smith. 1997. "High Spectral Resolution Infrared Observations at the Ocean-Atmosphere Interface in the Tropical Western Pacific using a Marine

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Study Aerosol Humidity Effects Using the ARM Measurements Study Aerosol Humidity Effects Using the ARM Measurements Submitter: Li, Z., University of Maryland Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Aerosol Journal Reference: Jeong, M.-J., Z. Li, E. Andrews, and S.-C. Tsay (2007). Effect of aerosol humidification on the column aerosol optical thickness over the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Southern Great Plains site, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D10202, doi:10.1029/2006JD007176. (a)-(j) Column-mean aerosol humidification factor as functions of the weighted column mean RH, . The ambient RH at one of the ten level-legs of the In-situ Aerosol Profile (IAP) measurements is replaced with RH equals 99%. Comparison of estimated column R(RH) following six different methods (M1~M6). Gray solid lines and black dashed lines are linear fit and

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Observational Evidence of Changes in Water Vapor, Clouds, and Radiation Observational Evidence of Changes in Water Vapor, Clouds, and Radiation Submitter: Dong, X., University of North Dakota Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Dong, X., B. Xi, and P. Minnis, 2006: Observational Evidence of Changes in Water vapor, Clouds, and Radiation at the ARM SGP site. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L19818,doi:10.1029/2006GL027132. Figure 1. This plot shows that atmospheric precipitable water vapor and downwelling infrared radiation decreased, but solar radiation increased at the SGP site from 1997 to 2004. The amount of water vapor, the dominant greenhouse gas, has a greater effect on infrared radiation than on solar. Figure 2. This plot shows that solar radiation at the surface increased

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Surface Characterization Data for the ARM SGP CART Site Surface Characterization Data for the ARM SGP CART Site Submitter: Cialella, A. T., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Surface Properties Journal Reference: N/A Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 The ARM External Data Center (XDC) is continually searching for surface characterization data for the ARM CART sites. These data can provide a better understanding of geophysical parameters, allowing for more accurate parameterization within General Circulation Models (GCMs), thus improving their preditive power. Below are a sample of surface characterization data available and their sources: The land use/land cover map above was provided by Oklahoma State University (Figure 1). Eighty-eight covertypes, interpreted from county orthophotos, were generalized to 25 cover types. The resolution of the data is 200m by

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Cloud Regimes in the TWP and Their Evolution over the MJO Cloud Regimes in the TWP and Their Evolution over the MJO Download a printable PDF Submitter: Del Genio, A. D., NASA Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Chen, Y, and AD Del Genio. 2008. "Evaluation of tropical cloud regimes in observations and a general circulation model." Climate Dynamics doi:10.1007/s00382-008-0386-6. Mean highest cloud-top vertical profiles from ARSCL (solid) and ISCCP (dashed) for each ISCCP cloud regime at Manus. Relative frequency of occurrence of each cloud regime as a function of lag in pentads relative to the MJO peak for eight MJO events covering November-April of 1999-2003. Red = deep convective, orange = anvil, yellow = congestus, green = thin cirrus, blue = shallow cumulus, violet =

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Improved Simulation of Boundary Layer Clouds Improved Simulation of Boundary Layer Clouds Submitter: Ghan, S. J., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: N/A Figure 1. Comparison of Boundary Layer Clouds Schemes in Climate Models with Satellite Observations Key Contributors: James McCaa, as part of his Ph.D. dissertation at University of Washington Chris Bretherton, University of Washington Dennis Hartmann, University of Washington Steven Ghan, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Marine boundary layer clouds are among the most difficult clouds to represent in climate models. A team of atmospheric scientists from the University of Washington (UW) and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

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Invisible Giants in the Sky Invisible Giants in the Sky Download a printable PDF Submitter: Ovink, J., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Kassianov, E., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Kassianov E, M Pekour, and J Barnard. 2012. "Aerosols in central California: Unexpectedly large contribution of coarse mode to aerosol radiative forcing." Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L20806, doi:10.1029/2012GL053469. Photo courtesy of the U.S. National Park Service Daily averaged values of (a, b) the direct aerosol radiative forcing (DARF) and (c, d) aerosol radiative forcing efficiency at the top-of-atmosphere calculated for the "original" aerosol optical properties (blue) and

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An Affordable, Flexible, and More Accurate Method for Computing Radiative An Affordable, Flexible, and More Accurate Method for Computing Radiative Transfer Submitter: Pincus, R., NOAA - CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Pincus, R., H.W. Barker, J.J. Morcrette, A fast, flexible approximate technique for computing radiative transfer in inhomogenous cloud fields, J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 108, No. D13, 4376, doi:10.1029/2002JD003322, 2003 Key Contributors: H.W. Barker, J.J. Morcrette Cloud radiative feedback-the amount of solar radiation that is absorbed by clouds before it reaches the earth and bounces back into the atmosphere-is the single most important effect determining the magnitude of possible climate responses to human activity. However, cloud properties

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Data from Saharan Dust Storm Reveal Model Deficiencies Data from Saharan Dust Storm Reveal Model Deficiencies Submitter: McFarlane, S. A., U.S. Department of Energy Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Slingo, A., T.P. Ackerman, R.P. Allan, E.I. Kassianov, S.A. McFarlane, G.J. Robinson, J.C. Barnard, M.A. Miller, J.E. Harries, J.E. Russell , S. Dewitte, 2006: Observations of the impact of a major Saharan dust storm on the Earth's radiation budget. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L24817, doi:10.1029/2006GL027869. In March 2006, the ARM Mobile Facility recorded the strongest Saharan dust storm to reach the Niamey area in two years. The storm lasted several days, and visibility was reduced to 15 percent of normal. Observations (solid lines and star symbols) and results from two models

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Raman Lidar Observations of Aerosol Humidification Near Clouds Raman Lidar Observations of Aerosol Humidification Near Clouds Submitter: Ferrare, R. A., NASA - Langley Research Center Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Journal Reference: Ferrare, R., et al., Evaluation of Daytime Measurements of Aerosols and Water Vapor Made by an Operational Raman Lidar over the Southern Great Plains, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D05S08, doi:10.1029/2005JD005836, 2006. Relative humidity profiles derived from the Raman lidar during the ALIVE 2005 field experiment. Aerosol extinction profiles derived from the Raman lidar during the ALIVE 2005 field experiment. Aerosol humidification factor f(RH) from Raman lidar measured profiles of aerosol extinction and relative humidity. Upgrades to the Raman lidar at the ARM Climate Research Facility (ACRF)

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Sub-Grid Scale Cloud Variability Affects Vertical Structure of Clouds and Sub-Grid Scale Cloud Variability Affects Vertical Structure of Clouds and Radiative Heating Submitter: McFarlane, S. A., U.S. Department of Energy Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: McFarlane, S. A., J. H. Mather, and T. P. Ackerman (2007), Analysis of tropical radiative heating profiles: A comparison of models and observations, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D14218, doi:10.1029/2006JD008290. Comparison of the distributions of cloud condensate for the ACRF TWP site at Manus using a) retrievals from the ACRF remote sensors, b) the CAM, c) all MMF columns, and d) MMF columns that do not contain precipitation. Note that the ARM observations do not include precipitation. Each panel consists

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Minimalist Approach to Modeling Complex Arctic Clouds Minimalist Approach to Modeling Complex Arctic Clouds Download a printable PDF Submitter: Shaw, R. A., Michigan Technological University - Physics Department Area of Research: Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Yang F, M Ovchinnikov, and RV Shaw. 2013. "Minimalist model of ice microphysics in mixed-phase stratiform clouds." Geophysical Research Letters, 40(14), doi:10.1002/grl.50700. Nordic winter landscape. Mixed-phase stratiform clouds are common features in the Arctic environment. They contain a mix of ice and "supercooled" water that, despite the freezing temperatures, remains in liquid form. Scientists aren't sure why these clouds exist in the Arctic for long periods of time, even while steadily losing ice particles through precipitation.

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ARM Program Achieves Milestone in Global Cloud Properties Research ARM Program Achieves Milestone in Global Cloud Properties Research Submitter: Revercomb, H. E., University of Wisconsin, Madison Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Knuteson, R.O., Best, F.A., Dedecker, R.G., Feltz, W.F., Revercomb, H.E., and Tobin, D.C., 2004: "10 Years of AERI Data from the DOE ARM Southern Great Plains Site," In Proceedings from the Fourteenth ARM Science Team Meeting, U.S. Department of Energy,Washington, D.C. Figure 1 Figure 2 From the unassuming farmlands of north-central Oklahoma comes a milestone for the global climate research community. March 2004 marked the 10-year anniversary for an instrument that now holds the prestigious distinction of providing the longest set of continuous atmospheric interferometer data

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Detangling Convective Oscillations at ARM Tropical Western Pacific Site: Detangling Convective Oscillations at ARM Tropical Western Pacific Site: Manus Submitter: Wang, Y., Department of Geography Long, C. N., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Mather, J. H., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Liu, X., Institute of Earth Environment Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Wang Y, C Long, J Mather, and X Liu. 2010. "Convective signals from surface measurements at ARM Tropical Western Pacific site: Manus." Climate Dynamics, , doi:10.1007/s00382-009-0736-z. Figure 1: (A) The time series includes the clear-sky shortwave (SW) flux (blue) and the all-sky SW flux (black) over Manus. The green line indicates a 60-day running mean. (B) Wavelet power (WP) of CRF (color shading) with

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A Comparison of Integrated Water Vapor Sensors: WVIOP-96 A Comparison of Integrated Water Vapor Sensors: WVIOP-96 Submitter: Liljegren, J. C., Argonne National Laboratory Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: N/A Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 The 1996 Water Vapor Intensive Operations Period (WVIOP-96) was conducted at the SGP CART central facility in September in order to assess the skill of a wide variety of sensors in measuring atmospheric water vapor. Here we present a comparison of radiometric brightness temperatures (TB) and vertically-integrated or "precipitable" water vapor (PWV) amounts derived from eight collocated ARM microwave radiometers, as well as microwave radiometers from the NOAA Environmental Technology Laboratory

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Measured Radiative Cooling from Reflective Roofs in India Measured Radiative Cooling from Reflective Roofs in India Download a printable PDF Submitter: Fischer, M. L., Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle, Cloud Life Cycle, Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Salamanca F, S Tonse, S Menon, V Garg, KP Singh, M Naja, and ML Fischer. 2012. "Top-of-atmosphere radiative cooling with white roofs: Experimental verification and model-based evaluation." Environmental Research Letters, 7(4), 044007, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/044007. True color image of light (PW1, PW2) and unpainted tar (PD1), and concrete (PD2) roofs at the Pantnagar, India site taken on October 21, 2011. We note that the concrete roof is considerably more reflective than the tar roof

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General Formulation for Representing Cloud-to-Rain Transition in General Formulation for Representing Cloud-to-Rain Transition in Atmospheric Models Submitter: Liu, Y., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Aerosol, Cloud Modeling, Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Liu, Y., P. H. Daum, R. McGraw, M. Miller, and S. Niu, 2007: Theoretical formulation for autoconversion rate of cloud droplet concentration. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L116821, doi:10.1029/2007GL030389 Figure 1. The typical drop radius r* as a function of the volume-mean radius r3 derived from the new theoretical formulation. Note that a constant r* corresponds to the commonly used assumption that the autoconversion rate for droplet concentration is linearly proportional to

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Climate Warming Due to Soot and Smoke? Maybe Not. Climate Warming Due to Soot and Smoke? Maybe Not. Submitter: Penner, J. E., University of Michigan Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Journal Reference: Penner, J.E., S.Y. Zhang, and C.C. Chuang, Soot and smoke aerosol may not warm climate, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D21), 4657, doi:10.1029/2003JD003409, 2003. New research results from the Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program suggest that fossil fuel soot emissions and biomass smoke may actually have a negligible warming effect and, in some cases, may even result in a net cooling effect. Black carbon is the absorbing component of smoke aerosols that result from the incomplete combustion of various fuels, the most significant sources being fossil fuel

259

Research Highlight  

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Intercomparison of Longwave Radiative Heating Algorithms Intercomparison of Longwave Radiative Heating Algorithms Submitter: Baer, F., University of Maryland Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Baer, F., N. Arsky, J. J. Charney, and R. G. Ellingson. 1996. "Intercomparison of Heating Rates Generated by Global Climate Model Longwave Radiation Codes." J. Geoph. Res., 101, D21, 26589-26603. 30 levels of longwave heating rates for all algorithms tested at the five locations for the high cloud Same as Figure 1 but with the clouds removed (clear sky assumption). Same as Figure 1 but a different view. Averaged heating rates and heating rates of averaged. Same as Figure 3 but with the clouds removed (clear sky assumption).

260

Research Highlight  

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Spectral Invariant Behavior of Zenith Radiance Around Cloud Edges Observed Spectral Invariant Behavior of Zenith Radiance Around Cloud Edges Observed by ARM SWS Download a printable PDF Submitter: Marshak, A., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Knyazikhin, Y., Boston University Chiu, J., University of Reading Wiscombe, W. J., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Marshak A, Y Knyazikhin, JC Chiu, and WJ Wiscombe. 2009. "Spectral invariant behavior of zenith radiance around cloud edges observed by ARM SWS." Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L16802, doi:10.1029/2009GL039366. (top) Time-wavelength color contour plot of ARM shortwave spectrometer (SWS) spectra measured from 21:35:24 to 21:40:24 UTC on 18 May 2007 at the ARM Climate Research Facility (ACRF) Southern Great Plains (SGP) site in

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261

Research Highlight  

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a Cloud-Resolving Model to Identify the Role of Aerosols on Clouds a Cloud-Resolving Model to Identify the Role of Aerosols on Clouds and Precipitation Download a printable PDF Submitter: Tao, W., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Aerosol, Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Tao, W.-K., X. Li, A. Khain, T. Matsui, S. Lang, and J. Simpson, 2007: The role of atmospheric aerosol concentration on deep convective precipitation: Cloud-resolving model simulations. J. Geophy. Res., (accepted). Zeng, X., W.-K. Tao, S. Lang, A. Y. Hou, M. Zhang, and J. Simpson, 2007: On the sensitivity of atmospheric ensemble states to cloud microphyics in long-term cloud-resolving model simulations. J. Meteor. Soc. Jpn., (submitted). Figure 1. Dirty environment (or high CCN) enhances precipitation in a

262

Research Highlight  

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Atmospheric Moistening by Clouds Sustains Madden-Julian Oscillation Atmospheric Moistening by Clouds Sustains Madden-Julian Oscillation Download a printable PDF Submitter: Hagos, S. M., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: N/A Outgoing longwave radiation (OLR Wm-2) signals in the tropics averaged between 10°S and 10°N from (a) a regional simulation with moisture constrained by observations and (b) NOAA-CPC satellite observations. The lines mark the eastward MJO propagation speed of 4 m/s. The constrained model is able to reproduce the key OLR features in the observations. Originating over the Indian Ocean, the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) is an equatorial planetary-scale envelope of complex multi-scale cloud systems

263

Research Highlight  

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Island-Induced Cloud Plumes Influence Tropical Atmospheric Measurements, Island-Induced Cloud Plumes Influence Tropical Atmospheric Measurements, Surface Radiation Submitter: McFarlane, S. A., U.S. Department of Energy Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: McFarlane, S.A., Long, C.N., and Flynn, D., Nauru Island Effect Study, Fourteenth ARM Science Team Meeting, March 22 to 26, 2004, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Nauru Island, about 1,200 miles northeast of Papua New Guinea in the western South Pacific, is one of three instrumented island sites that comprise ARM's Tropical Western Pacific locale. A key objective of the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is to identify interactions between the processes that determine the radiative properties of an atmospheric column, including

264

Research Highlight  

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Using the ACRF Shortwave Spectrometer to Study the Transition Between Clear Using the ACRF Shortwave Spectrometer to Study the Transition Between Clear and Cloudy Regions Download a printable PDF Submitter: Marshak, A., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Chiu, J., University of Reading Knyazikhin, Y., Boston University Pilewskie, P., University of Colorado Wiscombe, W. J., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Chiu C, A Marshak, Y Knyazikhin, P Pilewskie, and W Wiscombe. 2009. "Physical interpretation of the spectral radiative signature in the transition zone between cloud-free and cloudy regions." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9(4), 1419-1430. (a) Total sky images on 18 May 2007, and (b) plot of SWS normalized zenith radiances. In (b), arrows pointed at the time axis correspond to the times

265

Research Highlight  

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Evaluation of Microwave Radiometer Performance in Alaska Evaluation of Microwave Radiometer Performance in Alaska Submitter: Liljegren, J. C., Argonne National Laboratory Area of Research: Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures Working Group(s): Cloud Properties, Radiative Processes Journal Reference: N/A Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 In order to determine the extent to which the ARM microwave radiometers would need to be modified to accommodate Arctic operations, an instrument designed for the Tropical Western Pacific was deployed at the University of Alaska at Fairbanks and continuously operated from 14 December 1995 through 20 June 1996 with the assistance of North Slope Site Scientist Knut Stamnes and Deputy Site Scientist Abdul Alkezweeny. Time series plots of the data are presented in Figure 1.

266

Research Highlight  

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Cumuli Impact on Solar Radiation at Surface: Spectral Changes Cumuli Impact on Solar Radiation at Surface: Spectral Changes Download a printable PDF Submitter: Kassianov, E., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle, Cloud Life Cycle, Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Kassianov E, J Barnard, LK Berg, CN Long, and C Flynn. 2011. "Shortwave spectral radiative forcing of cumulus clouds from surface observations." Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L07801, doi:10.1029/2010GL046282. Figure 1. Normalized total cloud radiative forcing and its direct and diffuse components as a function of wavelength. Typically, under cloudy conditions, radiative transfer parameterizations in climate models have been evaluated by calculating the total cloud impact on

267

Research Highlight  

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A Consistency Analysis of ARESE Aircraft Measurements A Consistency Analysis of ARESE Aircraft Measurements Submitter: Li, Z., University of Maryland Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Li, Z., A.P. Trishchenko, H.W. Barker, G.L. Stephens, and P. Partain, 1999: "Analyses of Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program's Enhanced Shortwave Experiment (ARESE) multiple data sets for studying cloud absorption," J. of Geophys. Res. 104(D16):19127-19134 Figure 1. Comparisons of TOA albedos inferred from measurements made by TSBR, GOES-8, and SSP. Two sets of GOES-based estimates are shown for an aircraft along the Egrett's flight path: one for an aircraft skimming the cloud tops (dotted lines); and another for one at 14 km (thin solid lines).

268

Research Highlight  

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To Rain or Not to Rain...Aerosols May Be the Answer To Rain or Not to Rain...Aerosols May Be the Answer Download a printable PDF Submitter: Li, Z., University of Maryland Area of Research: Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Niu F and Z Li. 2012. "Systematic variations of cloud top temperature and precipitation rate with aerosols over the global tropics." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, doi:10.5194/acp-12-8491-2012. Cloud-top temperature (A, C) and ice water path (B, D) as functions of AI/AOT for warm (blue dots) and cold (red dots) base mixed-phase clouds and liquid clouds (green dots) over the ocean (upper panels) and land (lower panels). The right-hand axes of (A) and (C) are for liquid clouds. Precipitation rate as a function of AI for mixed-phase (blue dots) and

269

Highlighting Biofuels Research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Highlighting Biofuels Research ... It is a massive program considering that we now have about 200 biofuel production facilities in a dozen states representing billions of dollars investment. Similarly, it has spawned a prolific amount of research and hundreds of research articles appearing annually. ...

Jerald L. Schnoor

2010-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

270

Research Highlights Nature Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

© 2009 APS Research Highlights Nature Nanotechnology Published online: 17 July 2009 | doi:10 perfect fluid. Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 025301 (2009). | Article |1. Nature Nanotechnology ISSN 1748 : Nature Nanotechnology http://www.nature.com/nnano/reshigh/2009/0709/full/nnano.2009.222.html 1 of 1 18

Müller, Markus

271

Scientific Highlights  

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contributions of the Tevatron contributions of the Tevatron experiments and accelerator complex Scientific Highlights Collider experiments The Tevatron's collider program began proton-antiproton collisions in 1985 and has led to about 1,000 Ph.D. degrees and about a paper a week through work on the CDF and DZero experiments. Discovered: * the top quark and determined its mass to a high precision * two distinct production mechanisms for the top quark: pair and single production * five B baryons (2 cascade, 1 omega and 2 sigma _b) * B c meson * Y(4140), a new quark structure * B s oscillations Observed: * strongest evidence yet for violation of matter-antimatter

272

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Direct Journal of Power Sources journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/jpowsour Short communication Active water management at the cathode of a planar air-breathing polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell using and Materials Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO 80401, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history

Santiago, Juan G.

273

Page 1 of 1 Slide notes: Welcome. This video will show you how to find the full text of a particular journal article.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Page 1 of 1 Slide 1 Slide notes: Welcome. This video will show you how to find the full text of a particular journal article. #12;Page 2 of 2 Slide 2 Slide notes: You have been told this is an ideal article articles are freely available on the Internet. #12;Page 3 of 3 Slide 3 Slide notes: To help find the full

Blows, Mark

274

Research Highlight  

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AERI-ER at the SHEBA Ice Station: Far Infrared H2O Continuum AERI-ER at the SHEBA Ice Station: Far Infrared H2O Continuum Submitter: Revercomb, H. E., University of Wisconsin, Madison Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Tobin, D.C., F.A. Best, P.D. Brown, S.A. Clough, R.G. Dedecker, R.G. Ellingson, R.K. Garcia, H.B. Howell, R.O. Knuteson, E.J. Mlawer, H.E. Revercomb, J.F. Short, P.F.W. van Delst, and V.P. Walden, 1999. "Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: Water vapor continuum measurements from 17 to 26μm," JGR 104(D2): 2081-2092 Figure 1. Comparison of clear sky downwelling radiance spectra measured with the University of Wisconsin AERI system at the SGP CART site near Lamont, Oklahoma and with the extended range AERI at the SHEBA Ice Station,

275

Find Journals  

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Journals Journals Find Journals The public can search our journal collection via the Library Catalog. Questions? 667-5809 Email e-Journals Search electronic journals by title: Go Starts with Contains Exact For Advanced Search, Subject search, and more, use the Find e-Journals search tool. Looking for articles? Try our Articles/Databases page. Print Journals Search for print journals in the Library Catalog: Journal in Catalog Click on the JOURNAL link under "Location/Call number" to see what years/volumes the Library owns. Journals are shelved alphabetically on the lower level (downstairs map). Want an article scanned? Use our Request Form. PDF Troubleshooting See Adobe Reader's Support page General steps If possible, download PDF file and open in your PDF viewer software

276

Technical Highlights - FEERC  

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Technical Highlights for November 2013 Technical Highlights for November 2013 The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) cited in Article Published in Inside Science ORNL's recent achievement in ionic liquid (IL) additives for engine lubrication is featured in an article "Molten Salts Could Improve Fuel Economy," published in Inside Science, http://www.insidescience.org/content/molten-salts-could-improve-fuel-economy/1492. The article is syndicated to subscribers at FOXnews.com, NBCnews.com, LiveScience, and others. Dual-Fuel Combustion with Additives Capability A new capability was added to the multi-cylinder advanced combustion research engine at ORNL allowing dual fuel combustion with gasoline and gasoline doped with additives to increase the reactivity. The new configuration allows precise control over fuel temperature to allow for

277

article  

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Performance and cycling of the iron ion hydrogen redox flow cell Performance and cycling of the iron ion hydrogen redox flow cell with various catholyte salts journal Journal of Applied Electrochemistry volume year month pages abstract p A redox flow cell utilizing the Fe2 Fe3 and H H couples is investigated as an energy storage device A conventional polymer electrolyte fuel cell anode and membrane design is employed with a cathode chamber containing a carbon felt flooded with aqueous acidic solution of iron salt The maximum power densities achieved for iron sulfate iron chloride and iron nitrate are and mW cm respectively It is found that the capacity of the iron nitrate solution decreases rapidly during cycling Stable cycling is observed for more than h with iron chloride and iron sulfate solutions Both iron sulfate and iron chloride

278

article  

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Pseudo isothermal ice crystallization kinetics in the gas diffusion Pseudo isothermal ice crystallization kinetics in the gas diffusion layer of a fuel cell from differential scanning calorimetry journal International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer volume year month pages abstract p Non isothermal ice crystallization kinetics in the fibrous gas diffusion layer GDL of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell is investigated using differential scanning calorimetry DSC Non isothermal ice crystallization rates and ice crystallization temperatures are obtained from heat flow measurements in a water saturated commercial GDL at cooling rates of and K min Our previously developed isothermal ice crystallization rate expression is extended to non isothermal crystallization to predict ice crystallization kinetics in a GDL at various cooling

279

Journal of Documentation Emerald Article: Two kinds of evidence: how information systems form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.1108/00012531111135646 Sandy Bond, (2011),"Barriers and drivers to green buildings in Australia and New Zealand", Journal

Feinberg, Melanie

280

article  

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Methods for detailed energy data collection of miscellaneous Methods for detailed energy data collection of miscellaneous and electronic loads in a commercial office building journal Building and Environment volume year month pages chapter abstract p Miscellaneous and electronic loads MELs consume about of the primary energy used in U S buildings and this share is projected to increase for the foreseeable future Our understanding however of which devices are most responsible for this energy use is still rudimentary due to the difficulty and expense of performing detailed studies on MELs and their energy use In order to better understand the energy use of MELs and the design of MELs field metering studies we conducted a year long study of MELs in an sq ft nbsp m sup sup office building We present insights obtained from this study using wireless plug load

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281

article  

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A validation of a ray tracing tool used to generate bi directional A validation of a ray tracing tool used to generate bi directional scattering distribution functions for complex fenestration systems journal Solar Energy volume year month pages abstract p class Body FirstParagraph Fenestration attachments are anticipated to produce significant reductions in building energy use because they can be deployed quickly at low cost nbsp New software tools enable users to assess the building energy impacts of optically complex fenestration systems CFS such as shades Venetian blinds or daylighting systems nbsp However such tools require users to provide bi directional scattering distribution function BSDF data that describe the solar optical performance of the CFS nbsp A free open source Radiance tool em genBSDF em enables users to generate BSDF data for arbitrary CFS nbsp Prior to nbsp genBSDF

282

article  

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Energy impacts of envelope tightening and mechanical ventilation Energy impacts of envelope tightening and mechanical ventilation for the U S residential sector journal Energy and Buildings volume year month pages abstract p Effective residential envelope air sealing reduces infiltration and associated energy costs for thermal conditioning yet often creates a need for mechanical ventilation to protect indoor air quality This study estimated the potential energy savings of implementing airtightness improvements or absolute standards along with mechanical ventilation throughout the U S housing stock We used a physics based modeling framework to simulate the impact of envelope tightening providing mechanical ventilation as needed There are million homes in the US We calculated the change in energy demand for each home in a nationally representative

283

article  

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Indoor environmental quality benefits of apartment energy retrofits Indoor environmental quality benefits of apartment energy retrofits journal Building Environment volume year month pages textendash abstract p span style color e2e2e font family textquoteright Arial Unicode MS textquoteright textquoteright Arial Unicode textquoteright Arial textquoteright URW Gothic L textquoteright Helvetica Tahoma sans serif font size px font style normal font variant normal font weight letter spacing normal line height px orphans auto text align justify text indent px text transform none white space normal widows auto word spacing px webkit text size adjust auto webkit text stroke width px background color ffffff display inline important float none Sixteen apartments serving low income populations in three buildings were retrofit with the goal of simultaneously reducing energy consumption and improving

284

PPPL Weekly Highlights for the Week Ending October 24, 2014 ...  

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Publications Weekly Highlights White Papers Fact Sheets Newsletters PPPL News Princeton Journal Watch Blog Events Research Education Organization Contact Us News Room News Archive...

285

PPPL Weekly Highlights for the Week Ending September 26, 2014...  

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Weekly Highlights White Papers Fact Sheets Newsletters PPPL News Princeton Journal Watch Blog Events Research Education Organization Contact Us News Room News Archive American...

286

PPPL Weekly Highlights for the Week Ending October 17, 2014 ...  

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Publications Weekly Highlights White Papers Fact Sheets Newsletters PPPL News Princeton Journal Watch Blog Events Research Education Organization Contact Us News Room News Archive...

287

Journal Articles by Department of Management Current Faculty Updated Fall 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-551. Arthur, J. B. & Huntley, C. L. (2005). Ramping up the organizational learning curve: Assessing the impact by author. VT faculty in bold font. Aiken, M., Bacharach, S. & French, J. L. (1980). Organizational of Management Journal, 37, 670-687. Arthur, J. B. & Aiman-Smith, L. (2001). Gainsharing and organizational

Buehrer, R. Michael

288

The FASEB Journal express article 10.1096/fj.00-0527fje. Published online February 5, 2001. Effect of weightlessness on cytoskeleton architecture and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The FASEB Journal express article 10.1096/fj.00-0527fje. Published online February 5, 2001. Effect of environmental factors might induce specific cytoskeletal architecture patterns, characterized by quantitative on the IF network (4). The nucleoskeleton or nuclear matrix, including IF lamins and other scaffold proteins

Portet, Stéphanie

289

Journals Energy & Environmental Science Advance Articles DOI: 10.1039/b811608c Energy Environ. Sci., 2009 DOI: 10.1039/b811608c Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

degree increasing the fraction of available- waste-heat recovery can reduce the energy penalty fromJournals Energy & Environmental Science Advance Articles DOI: 10.1039/b811608c Energy Environ. Sci., 2009 DOI: 10.1039/b811608c Perspective Energy & Environmental Science The energy penalty of post

Schrag, Daniel

290

This article has been published in: Urban Water Journal, Vol. 9(1), 2012 Rainwater harvesting to control stormwater runoff in suburban areas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Keywords: rainwater harvesting; source control; BMP; runoff; rainfall-runoff analysis; sewer overflows 11 This article has been published in: Urban Water Journal, Vol. 9(1), 2012 Rainwater harvesting). * corresponding author : guido.petrucci@leesu.enpc.fr On a 23 ha urban watershed, 10 km East of Paris, rainwater

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

291

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished of vascular plants Alexandru M.F. Tomescu a, , Lisa M. Pratt b , Gar W. Rothwell c , Paul K. Strother d to the present day. Given this long history of land colonization, surprisingly few studies report direct fossil

Tomescu, Alexandru MF

292

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished diseases such as diabetes and coronary heart disease is reported in the literature (Cabre et al., 2008; Lee as a ratio of approximately 4%­7% (Pan & Pratt, 2008). In Asian countries, it has become a significant

Cho, Sung-Bae

293

2013 UNITED KINGDOM ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY The following article appeared in Journal of Nuclear Materials, Vol.439, Issues 1-3, August  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

© 2013 UNITED KINGDOM ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY The following article appeared in Journal of Nuclear temperatures, reaction path (i) (sinks) dominates and at a high dose rates and/or low irradiation temperature for Fusion Energy (CCFE) Abingdon, Oxfordshire OX14 3DB, UK Name: Christopher Hardie Address: Department

294

FY 2011 Budget Highlights  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE/CF-0046 Budget Highlights Department of Energy FY 2011 Congressional Budget Request February 2010 Office of Chief Financial Officer DOE/CF-0046 Budget Highlights Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Department of Energy FY 2011 Congressional Budget Request Table of Contents INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................................................... 1 PROGRAM HIGHLIGHTS........................................................................................................................ 5 BUDGET BY ORGANIZATION .............................................................................................................. 13 BUDGET BY APPROPRIATION............................................................................................................

295

FY 2010 Budget Highlights  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE/CF-042 DOE/CF-042 Budget Highlights May 2009 Office of Chief Financial Officer FY 2010 Congressional Budget Request DOE/CF-042 Budget Highlights Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Table of Contents INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................................................... 1 PROGRAM HIGHLIGHTS........................................................................................................................ 5 BUDGET BY ORGANIZATION .............................................................................................................. 14 BUDGET BY APPROPRIATION............................................................................................................ 15 DETAILS BY PROGRAM

296

FY 2013 Budget Highlights  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 Department of Energy FY 2013 Congressional Budget Request Budget Highlights g g g February 2012 Office of Chief Financial Officer DOE/CF-0077 Department of Energy FY 2013 Congressional Budget Request Budget Highlights g g g February 2012 Office of Chief Financial Officer Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Table of Contents LETTER FROM THE SECRETARY ...................................................................................................................................................................... 1 INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 3 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FY 2013 PROGRAM OFFICE HIGHLIGHTS............................................................................................................ 9

297

FY 2012 Budget Highlights  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 Department of Energy FY 2012 Congressional Budget Request Budget Highlights g g g February 2012 Office of Chief Financial Officer DOE/CF-0064 Department of Energy FY 2012 Congressional Budget Request Budget Highlights g g g February 2012 Office of Chief Financial Officer Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Table of Contents INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 1 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FY 2012 PROGRAM OFFICE HIGHLIGHTS .......................................................................................................... 7 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY BUDGET BY ORGANIZATION .......................................................................................................................... 15

298

Experimental Highlights - 2014  

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NIF & Photon Science News Press Releases Experimental Highlights Efficiency Improvements Science & Technology Meetings and Workshops Papers and Presentations NIF&PS People In the...

299

highlights.html  

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1998 Highlights World Oil Markets Oil prices continue to remain at historically low levels (when taking into account inflation) and our current forecast does not foresee a large...

300

FY 2007 Budget Highlights  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE/CF-009 DOE/CF-009 Budget highlights Department of Energy FY 2007 Congressional Budget Request February 2006 Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Budget highlights Office of Chief Financial Officer DOE/CF-009 Table of Contents INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................................................1 BUDGET BY ORGANIZATION ..............................................................................................................17 BUDGET BY APPROPRIATION ............................................................................................................18 SECTION 1. DEFENSE STRATEGIC GOAL........................................................................................19

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301

FY 2006 Budget Highlights  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE/ME-0053 DOE/ME-0053 Budget Highlights Department of Energy FY 2006 Congressional Budget Request Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/CFO February 2005 DOE/ME-0053 Budget Highlights Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Table of Contents INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................................ 1 BUDGET BY ORGANIZATION...................................................................................................... 15 BUDGET BY APPROPRIATION.................................................................................................... 16 FUNDING BY GOALS .................................................................................................................. 17 SECTION 1. DEFENSE STRATEGIC GOAL.................................................................................

302

FY 2009 Budget Highlights  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE/CF-031 DOE/CF-031 Budget Highlights February 2008 Office of Chief Financial Officer Department of Energy FY 2009 Congressional Budget Request DOE/CF-031 Budget Highlights Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Table of Contents INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................................................... 1 BUDGET BY ORGANIZATION .............................................................................................................. 21 BUDGET BY APPROPRIATION............................................................................................................ 22 SECTION 1. ENERGY SECURITY.......................................................................................................

303

Highlights From SC11  

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Highlights From SC11 Highlights From SC11 Highlights From SC11 November 30, 2011 In November 2011, thousands of experts in computing and networking flocked to Seattle, Washington, to participate in tutorials, join panel discussions, lead sessions, give live demonstrations and talks, hold roundtable discussions, help build SCinet-the world's fastest science network-present posters and much more! Here are some highlights from this year's SC11 conference. Berkeley Lab's SC11 Booth - Top left and right photos by David Donofrio Prabhat and Yushu present 100G Demo- Bottom left and right photos courtesy of Yushu Yao. Lab Staff Give Awe-Inspiring Demo of 100 Gbps Capability The demo showed side-by-side presentations of a 5 terabyte dataset streamed from NERSC at 100 Gbps (left) and 10 Gbps (right).

304

SBIR/STTR Highlights  

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highlights/ The Office of Science is the highlights/ The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this vital area of national importance. It oversees - and is the principal federal funding agency of - the Nation's research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, and fusion energy sciences. en {8852B70B-8F14-4B90-9DD9-63E8ABB0E3E8}http://science.energy.gov/sbir/highlights/2013/sbir-2013-01-a/ Aerodyne Develops an Aircraft-Deployable Precision Aerosol Analyzer Aerodyne Research Inc. develops an aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS) that fills a

305

FES Science Highlights  

Office of Science (SC) Website

highlights The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding...

306

Copyright 2013, Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology. All rights reserved. Vol. 5, No. 1, January-March 2013 Original Article  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

42 Copyright © 2013, Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology. All rights reserved. Vol. 5, No Biotechnology Department, Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran 2. Fungal Biotechnology Group, Medical Biotechnology Department, Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

307

ARM - Research Highlights  

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CenterResearch Highlights CenterResearch Highlights Media Contact Lynne Roeder lynne-dot-roeder-at-pnnl-dot-gov @armnewsteam Field Notes Blog Topics Field Notes89 AGU 3 AMIE 10 ARM Aerial Facility 2 ARM Mobile Facility 1 6 ARM Mobile Facility 2 47 BAECC 1 BBOP 4 MAGIC 12 MC3E 17 SGP 2 STORMVEX 29 TCAP 3 Search News Search Blog News Center All Categories What's this? Social Media Guidance News Center All Categories Features and Releases Facility News Field Notes Blog feed Events feed Employment Research Highlights Data Announcements Education News Archive What's this? Social Media Guidance Research Highlights Research Highlights Archive » Forecast Calls for Better Models: Examining the Core Components of Arctic Clouds to Clear Their Influence on Climate Jan 07, 2014 Predicting how atmospheric aerosols influence cloud formation and the resulting feedback to climate is a challenge that limits the accuracy of atmospheric models. This is especially true in the Arctic, where mixed-phase (both ice- and liquid-based) clouds are frequently observed, but the processes that determine their composition are poorly understood. To obtain a closer look [...]

308

Sector 4 Highlights  

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Older Highlights Older Highlights Highlights of research in the magnetic materials group CaCrCuO-Image A further understanding of superconductivity June 10, 2013 A crucial ingredient of high-temperature superconductivity can be found in a class of materials that is entirely different than conventional superconductors. That discovery is the result of research by an international team of scientists working at 4-ID-C. Local Contact: John Freeland A New Family of Quasicrystals A New Family of Quasicrystals June 24, 2013 Scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory and Iowa State University have used the high energy x-rays available on beamline 6-ID-D, to confirm the structure of the only known magnetic rare earth icosahedral binary quasicrystals. Contacts: Alan Goldman & Paul Canfield - Iowa State Univ. & Ames Lab

309

User Facility Science Highlights  

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user-facilities/highlights/ The Office of Science user-facilities/highlights/ The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this vital area of national importance. It oversees - and is the principal federal funding agency of - the Nation's research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, and fusion energy sciences. en {611EDD39-818D-4CBA-BFD7-9568495C1566}http://science.energy.gov/bes/highlights/2013/bes-2013-09-a/ The Role of Stripes in Superconducting Behavior Using neutron diffraction, movement of charged atoms arranged as "stripes"

310

Program Highlights Index  

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Program Highlights Index Program Highlights Index Disposal of Greater-than-Class C Low-Level Radioactive Waste Ecological Risk Assessment of Chemically and Radiologically Contaminated Federal Sites Energy Zone Planning Tool for the Eastern United States Environmental Site Characterization and Remediation at Former Grain Storage Sites Evaluation of Risks of Aquatic Nuisance Species Transfer via the Chicago Area Waterway System Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) Glen Canyon Dam Long-Term Experimental and Management Plan EIS Highly Enriched Uranium Transparency Program Management of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM) Generated by the Petroleum Industry Mobile Climate Observatory for Atmospheric Aerosols in India Mobile Climate Observatory on the Pacific

311

Highlights: East & West Jerusalem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Zefat, Sea of Galilee 18 May Golan Heights, Hula Valley, Jordan River 19 May East Jerusalem 20 May WestHighlights: Tel Aviv East & West Jerusalem Zefat Sea of Galilee Jaffa Dead Sea Masada Jordan River & Valley Golan Heights Qumran (day-by-day itinerary and more details on reverse side) Priority application

312

WILDLIFE CONTROL Session Highlights  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

field assistance for airport operators. Wolf has been responsible for operational wildlife hazard mentioned in these highlights, please contact: Jim Grothaus, Technology Transfer Engineer Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 #12;1 GENERAL OVERVIEW OF WILDLIFE HAZARDS Wildlife can create hazards for an airport environment

Minnesota, University of

313

2014 Journal Articles  

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Optics Demos, SG., et al., "Dynamics of the plume containing nanometric-sized particles ejected into the atmospheric air following laser-induced breakdown on the exit surface of a...

314

2014 Journal Articles  

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NIF Facility R&D Demos, SG., et al., "Dynamics of the plume containing nanometric-sized particles ejected into the atmospheric air following laser-induced breakdown on the exit...

315

ARM - Journal Articles 2010  

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observed during the Tropical Warm Pool-International Cloud Experiment (Citation) Monthly Weather Review ARM Lee Mechanisms of diurnal precipitation over the US Great Plains: a...

316

Experimental Highlights - 2014  

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and Presentations NIF&PS People In the News Press Kit S&TR Articles Contact LLNL Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory 7000 East Avenue * Livermore, CA 94550 Operated by...

317

Copyright 2010, Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology. All rights reserved. Vol. 2, No. 3, July-September 2010 Original Article  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Copyright © 2010, Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology. All rights reserved. Vol. 2, No. 3 and Bioinformatics Unit, Medical Biotechnology Department, Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran Sardari, Ph.D., Drug Design and Bioinformatics Unit, Medical Biotechnology Department, Biotechnology

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

318

Copyright 2010, Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology. All rights reserved. Vol. 2, No. 3, July-September 2010 Original Article  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Copyright © 2010, Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology. All rights reserved. Vol. 2, No. 3 , Noushin Davoudi 1 , and Vahid Khalaj 1* 1. Biotechnology Department, Biotechnology Research Center- ogous protein production in E. coli is the * Corresponding author: Vahid Khalaj, Ph.D., Biotechnology

Boyer, Edmond

319

2010 Energy Conference Highlights  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

EIA 2010 Energy Conference Highlights EIA 2010 Energy Conference Highlights 2010 Energy Conference: Short-Term Stresses, Long-Term Change Steven Chu, Secretary of Energy Steve Bolze, President/CEO, Power and Water, GE Energy Richard Newell, EIA Administrator, and Lawrence Summers, Director of the National Economic Council Phil Sharp, President, Resources for the Future Secretary Chu answering questions from the media Photo credits: EIA and Kaveh Sardari Plenary keynote addresses: Dr. Richard Newell Read transcript of opening remarks and introduction of Secretary Steven Chu. Dr. Steven Chu Listen to keynote address. Read presentation. Read transcript. Steve Bolze Read presentation. Read transcript. Dr. Phil Sharp Read transcript. Dr. Lawrence Summers Listen to luncheon address. Read transcript.

320

CFN | Research Highlights Archive  

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Center for Functional Nanomaterials Research Highlights Archives Center for Functional Nanomaterials Research Highlights Archives Measurement of Spin Torque Non-adiabaticity in Magnetic Vortices Tuesday, December 10, 2013 Thermopower of Highly Conducting Au-C Bonded Single-molecule Circuits Tuesday, October 22, 2013 Resolution Limits of Electron-beam Lithography Pushed Towards the Atomic Scale Tuesday, October 22, 2013 Polymer Solar Cells Employing Förster Resonance Energy Transfer Monday, August 19, 2013 Mesoscale Linear Assembly of Nanostructures Monday, July 8, 2013 Sub 15-nm Patterns for Magnetic Recording Using Block Copolymers Monday, July 8, 2013 Engineering Catalytic Contacts with Binary Nanocrystal Superlattices Sunday, April 7, 2013 Chemical Modification of Self-Assembled Block Copolymers for Area-Selective Formation of Metal Oxide Nanostructures

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321

Argonne CNM: Research Highlights  

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Recent Research Highlights Recent Research Highlights Optimizing Self-Assembly to Enable Photocatalysis (December 2013) Casimir Force Reduction through Nanostructuring (December 2013) South Pole Telescope Detector Aids Study of the Universe (November 2013) Surface Plasmon Resonance in Interfaced Heterodimers (October 2013) Visualizing Short-Range Charge Transfer at Interfaces (September 2013) Bio-Assisted Nanophotocatalyst for Hydrogen Production (August 2013) Large Wave-Vector Phonon Modes in Silicon Nanomembranes (July 2013) Nanomechanical Resonator Self-Assembled from Nanoparticles (June 2013) Scientists Detect Residue that has Hindered Efficiency of Promising Type of Solar Cell (May 2013) Imaging Nanoscale Polarization in Ferroelectrics with Coherent X-Rays (May 2013) Chiral "Pinwheels" Self-Assembled from C60 and Pentacene (April 2013)

322

Brief Science Highlights  

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highlights/ The Office highlights/ The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this vital area of national importance. It oversees - and is the principal federal funding agency of - the Nation's research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, and fusion energy sciences. en {B0DFBA1D-D6A0-4920-8E73-4779F8F5ACEA}http://science.energy.gov/np/highlights/2013/np-2013-12-a/ Modeling Cosmic Nucleosynthesis First measurements of isotopes produced by Argonne's new CARIBU facility provide insight into the creation of the elements in the universe. Thu, 09

323

BER Science Highlights  

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highlights/ The Office of Science is the highlights/ The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this vital area of national importance. It oversees - and is the principal federal funding agency of - the Nation's research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, and fusion energy sciences. en {B65D1078-1ED6-42A4-AE6F-F36E1C482386}http://science.energy.gov/ber/highlights/2013/ber-2013-09-a/ Tracing Aerosol Impacts on South Asian Monsoons The effect of pollution aerosols on monsoons. Tue, 20 Aug 2013 16:58:37 -0400

324

HEP Science Highlights  

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highlights/ The Office of Science is the highlights/ The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this vital area of national importance. It oversees - and is the principal federal funding agency of - the Nation's research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, and fusion energy sciences. en {271928DC-3A20-4D7E-97F4-DEC29F0C439B}http://science.energy.gov/hep/highlights/2013/hep-2013-08-a/ Patterns in the Cosmos Trace Evolution of the Universe Detection of subtle polarization patterns in the Cosmic Microwave Background opens a

325

EFRCs Science Highlights  

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highlights/ The Office of Science is the highlights/ The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this vital area of national importance. It oversees - and is the principal federal funding agency of - the Nation's research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, and fusion energy sciences. en {F258B204-092C-455E-8B98-75B03053E1E3}http://science.energy.gov/bes/highlights/2013/bes-2013-07-a/ Fewer Steps to Higher Octane Gasoline in Petroleum Refining A novel metal-organic framework (MOF) efficiently separates higher octane

326

Laboratory Science Highlights  

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laboratories/highlights/ The Office of Science is laboratories/highlights/ The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this vital area of national importance. It oversees - and is the principal federal funding agency of - the Nation's research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, and fusion energy sciences. en {B0DFBA1D-D6A0-4920-8E73-4779F8F5ACEA}http://science.energy.gov/np/highlights/2013/np-2013-12-a/ Modeling Cosmic Nucleosynthesis First measurements of isotopes produced by Argonne's new CARIBU facility provide insight into the creation of the elements in the universe. Thu, 09

327

ASCR Science Highlights  

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highlights/ The Office of Science is the highlights/ The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this vital area of national importance. It oversees - and is the principal federal funding agency of - the Nation's research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, and fusion energy sciences. en {B8B947B0-62E8-4BE7-91CF-D60B69404801}http://science.energy.gov/ascr/highlights/2013/hep-2013-04-a/ How Accelerator Physicists Save Time A boosted frame of reference boosts the speed of calculations. Fri, 06 Dec 2013 12:52:49 -0500 Accelerator physicists lean heavily on simulations

328

NP Science Highlights  

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highlights/ The Office of Science is the highlights/ The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this vital area of national importance. It oversees - and is the principal federal funding agency of - the Nation's research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, and fusion energy sciences. en {B0DFBA1D-D6A0-4920-8E73-4779F8F5ACEA}http://science.energy.gov/np/highlights/2013/np-2013-12-a/ Modeling Cosmic Nucleosynthesis First measurements of isotopes produced by Argonne's new CARIBU facility provide insight into the creation of the elements in the universe. Thu, 09

329

University Science Highlights  

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universities/highlights/ The Office of Science is universities/highlights/ The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this vital area of national importance. It oversees - and is the principal federal funding agency of - the Nation's research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, and fusion energy sciences. en {B0DFBA1D-D6A0-4920-8E73-4779F8F5ACEA}http://science.energy.gov/np/highlights/2013/np-2013-12-a/ Modeling Cosmic Nucleosynthesis First measurements of isotopes produced by Argonne's new CARIBU facility provide insight into the creation of the elements in the universe. Thu, 09

330

Advanced Materials Research Highlights | ORNL  

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Advanced Materials | Research Highlights Research Highlights 1-10 of 93 Results Prev 12345 Next Single Supported Atoms Participate in Catalytic Processes December 04, 2014 -...

331

Microsoft Word - Highlights  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(STEO) (STEO) Highlights  Falling crude oil prices contributed to a decline in the U.S. regular gasoline retail price from a year-to-date high of $3.78 per gallon on February 25 to $3.52 per gallon on April 29. EIA expects the regular gasoline price will average $3.53 per gallon over the summer (April through September), down $0.10 per gallon from last month's STEO. The annual average regular gasoline retail price is projected to decline from $3.63 per gallon in 2012 to $3.50 per gallon in 2013 and to $3.39 per gallon in 2014. Energy price forecasts are highly uncertain, and the current values of futures and options contracts suggest that prices could

332

highlights.PDF  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December, 1998 ( Released December 7, 1998) December, 1998 ( Released December 7, 1998) Highlights Overview Several developments in recent weeks have combined to weaken energy demand and prices in the United States. The first two months of what we normally call the "heating season" have been short on one key component - heating demand. Generally speaking, heating degree-days fell below normal across the United States in October and November. Based on early observations and the recent short-range forecast, we expect that below-normal heating demand is likely for December as well (Figure 1). With demand sputtering, heating fuel stocks remain high and prices remain low. This is particularly evident with respect to the U.S. natural gas market. Expectations for wellhead gas prices consistently above $2.00 per thousand cubic feet may have been all

333

highlights.html  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1998 1998 Highlights Oil Prices/Supply The recent production cuts announced by OPEC and other producers have stabilized prices in the $12 to $13 per barrel range, but the market is a long way from achieving the $17 "target price" being talked about in OPEC circles. Prior to the recent cuts, oil prices had been near $11.50 to $ 12 per barrel. Unless prices rebound by October, the upcoming winter heating season may not be sufficient to increase prices given the current stock overhang. Our current view is that prices will remain low with a gradual increase throughout the next year where we see the oil market finally coming into balance. Even though world oil demand is forecast to recover significantly in 1999, only a "moderate" price recovery is forecast because of the inventory overhang still remaining.

334

highlights.PDF  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1998 1998 Highlights World Oil Markets The large oil inventory build-up that occurred in 1997 and the first half of 1998 is expected to keep a lid on how high oil prices might increase from their historically low levels. However, the oil production cuts pledged by major oil producers in June, along with some expected recovery in oil demand in 1999, should allow the average annual world oil price (defined as the average price U.S. refiners pay for imported crude oil) to rise from an average of $12.51 per barrel in 1998 to $13.65 per barrel next year (see Figure 1 and Table). Beginning in the second half of 1998, and carrying through 1999, the world oil market should see a more "typical" oil inventory pattern, with drawdowns from oil inventories of approximately 1 million barrels per day in the fourth and first

335

From: Nature Research Highlights  

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Renewal White Paper Renewal White Paper Winner of AAAS Science Education Prize Visits Argonne SESAME and the APS: Opening Doors Helps the Light Shine In Taking the FaST Track to Synchrotron X-ray Science A Vote of Thanks! APS News Archives: 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed From: Nature Research Highlights Physical Chemistry: "Electrons with a Twist" DECEMBER 1, 2008 Bookmark and Share Nature Magazine The direction of an electron's spin is sufficient to determine the decomposition rate of the two mirror-image forms of a molecule. Richard Rosenberg of Argonne National Laboratory in Illinois and his colleagues drew this conclusion after firing X-rays at a magnetic iron-nickel alloy coated with thin layers of 2-butanol. This freed

336

EMSL: News - Highlights  

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BOOKMARK US RSS Facebook icon twitter LinkedIn YouTube icon flickr BOOKMARK US RSS Facebook icon twitter LinkedIn YouTube icon flickr All News Highlights News of related EMSL research and announcements of events are listed in the links provided below. Choose a Year: | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 2014 Battery development may extend range of electric cars Battery development may extend range of electric cars New anode quadruples life of lithium-sulfur battery, could also help store renewable energy more cheaply Released: January 09, 2014 Scientists used EMSL capabilities and expertise to help develop and test a new anode design for lithium-sulfur batteries. The "hybrid" anode significantly extends the life of lithium-sulfur batteries, bringing them

337

Sector 6 Research Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MM-Group Home MM-Group Home MMG Advisory Committees Beamlines 4-ID-C Soft Spectroscopy 4-ID-D Hard Spectroscopy 6-ID-B,C Mag. Scattering 6-ID-D HighE Scattering 29-ID IEX - ARPES,RSXS Getting Beamtime Sector Orientation Sector 4 Orientation Sector 6 Orientation Publications (4-ID) Publications (6-ID) Contact Us APS Ring Status Current APS Schedule Highlights of research on Sector 6 Teasing Out the Nature of Structural Instabilities in Ceramic Compounds Teasing Out the Nature of Structural Instabilities in Ceramic Compounds March 12, 2013 Researchers have used beamlines 6-ID-B at the APS and XmAS at the ESRF to probe the structure of the rare-earth magnetic material europium titanate. In a magnetic field, the optical properties of this system change quite dramatically, presenting hope of a strong magneto-electric material for potential use in new memory, processing, and sensor devices.

338

LANSCE | Lujan Center | Highlights  

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Highlights New Evidence to Aid Search for Charge 'Stripes' in Superconductors Findings identify signature that will help scientists investigate and understand materials that carry current with no resistance "The scientists ground up crystals of the test material into a fine powder and placed samples of it in line with a beam of neutrons at the Los Alamos Neutron Scattering Center at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Similar to the way light reflecting off an object enters your eyes to create an image, the neutron beams diffracted by the crystals' atoms yield information about the positions of the atoms. The scientists used that information to infer the material's electronic structure, and repeated the experiment at gradually warmer temperatures."

339

highlights.html  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

July 8, 1999 July 8, 1999 Highlights World Oil Markets/Prices Prices. Despite a substantial increase in spot prices for crude oil at the very end of June (Figure 1), we have not significantly changed our crude price forecast for this update. We have raised our price forecast slightly for the next couple of months (Figure 2). However, the story is essentially the same: the combination of demand and supply changes will probably prevent even a normal seasonal increase in world oil inventories this year, resulting in a net inventory draw averaging over 800,000 barrels per day for all of 1999. Prices are expected to remain more or less flat until the end of the summer when world demand begins to exhibit some of the larger year-over-year increases expected for 1999. From that point, we see prices rising gradually through 2000 as

340

SRS - History Highlights  

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3 3 SEARCH GO Side Menu Spacer SRS Mission & Vision Where We Are SRS History Fact Sheets Tour SRS Contact SRS SRS Home SRS History Highlights The Savannah River Site was constructed during the early 1950s to produce the basic materials used in the fabrication of nuclear weapons, primarily tritium and plutonium-239, in support of our nation's defense programs. Five reactors were built to produce these materials. Also built were a number of support facilities including two chemical separations plants, a heavy water extraction plant, a nuclear fuel and target fabrication facility, a tritium extraction facility and waste management facilities. If you wish to view an in-depth history (1950-2000), please explore SRS at Fifty, our 50th anniversary book. Browse by Era: 1950s * 1960s * 1970s * 1980s * 1990s * 2000s * 2010s

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341

Weekly Highlights | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

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Weekly Highlights Subscribe to RSS - Weekly Highlights Weekly Highlights Image: PPPL Weekly Highlights for the Week Ending November 28, 2014 Read more about PPPL Weekly Highlights...

342

Science Highlights 2003  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 Levitated liquid-aluminum-oxide sample in a super-cooled state at ~1800 C. The sample is levitated by an oxygen gas stream and heated by a 270-W CO2 laser. The article reports on inelastic x-ray measurements performed on this sample. Inelastic X-ray Scattering Reveals Microscopic Transport Properties of Molten Aluminum Oxide OCTOBER 2, 2003 The transport properties of high-temperature oxide melts are of considerable interest for a variety of applications, including modeling the Earth's mantle, optimizing aluminum production, confining nuclear waste, and investigating the use of aluminum in aerospace propulsion. The experimental techniques described here, using high resolution inelastic x-ray scattering at X-ray Operations and Research beamline 3-ID-C at the APS, supply fundamental insights into the behavior

343

Article in Wall Street Journal, December 6, 2008, (U.S. News,p.3) (excerpt also at  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://online.wsj.com/article/SB122851537257083869.html#articleTabs%3Darticle Cities Give Waste-to-Energy Plants a Second Look Higher U.S. Landfill in the 1990s as protests mounted against trash-burning plants. But spurred by growing landfill costs existing waste-to-energy plants, and proposing new ones. Of the 87 U.S. incinerators that currently convert

Columbia University

344

Journal of Chemical Education on CD-ROM, 1998  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Journal of Chemical Education on CD-ROM, 1998 ... The Journal of Chemical Education on CD-ROM contains the text and graphics for all the articles, features, and reviews published in the Journal of Chemical Education. ...

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Journal of Chemical Education on CD-ROM, 1999  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Journal of Chemical Education on CD-ROM, 1999 ... The Journal of Chemical Education on CD-ROM contains the text and graphics for all the articles, features, and reviews published in the Journal of Chemical Education. ...

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Research Highlights | Neutron Science | ORNL  

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Research Highlights Research Highlights Biology & Medicine Biotechnology & Energy Fundamental Physics Imaging Magnetism Materials Nanotechnology Superconductivity Facilities and Capabilities Instruments User Program Publications and Resources Science and Education News and Awards NScD Careers Supporting Organizations Neutron Science Home | Science & Discovery | Neutron Science | Research Highlights SHARE Research Highlights No current Research Highlights found. 1-10 of 43 Results Comprehensive phonon "map" offers direction for engineering new thermoelectric devices January 08, 2014 - To understand how to design better thermoelectric materials, researchers are using neutron scattering at SNS and HFIR to study how a compound known as AgSbTe2, or silver antimony telluride, is

347

Copyright 2012, Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology. All rights reserved. Vol. 4, No. 4, October-December 2012 Original Article  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(E.coli). The PelB signal sequence was used to translocate soluble proteins into the periplasmic space of E.coli. The protein was purified from periplasmic extract using Ni-NTA chromatography. 4, October-December 2012 Original Article 178178 Periplasmic Expression of a Novel Human Bone

Boyer, Edmond

348

DOE Office of Science Releases Journal of Undergraduate Research Volume VII  

Office of Science (SC) Website

DOE Office of DOE Office of Science Releases Journal of Undergraduate Research Volume VII News Featured Articles Science Headlines 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 11.20.07 DOE Office of Science Releases Journal of Undergraduate Research Volume VII Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page The Office of Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientist (WDTS) in the Department of Energy's Office of Science today announced the release of Volume 7 of the Journal of Undergraduate Research (JUR). The JUR is the Department of Energy's premier undergraduate research journal, highlighting the work of over 600 students who have participated

349

Highlights: Nuclear Engineering Division (Argonne)  

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About the Division > Highlights About the Division > Highlights Director's Welcome Organization Achievements Awards Patents Professional Societies Highlights Fact Sheets, Brochures & Other Documents Multimedia Library About Nuclear Energy Nuclear Reactors Designed by Argonne Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy Opportunities within NE Division Visit Argonne Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Celebrating the 70th Anniversary of Chicago Pile 1 (CP-1) Argonne OutLoud on Nuclear Energy Argonne Energy Showcase 2012 Highlights Bookmark and Share Click on the "Date" header to sort the NE highlights in chronological order (ascending or descending). You may also search through the NE highlights for a specific keyword/year;

350

PNNL: News Center - Science Highlights  

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U.S. Department of Energy Search PNNL Search PNNL Home About Research Publications Jobs News Contacts Newsroom Science Highlights Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory -...

351

Science Highlights | Argonne National Laboratory  

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News Press Releases Feature Stories Science Highlights In the News Experts Guide Media Contacts Social Media Photos Videos Fact Sheets, Brochures and Reports Summer Science Writing...

352

Program Highlights | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

About Us » News & Blog » Program Highlights About Us » News & Blog » Program Highlights Program Highlights December 4, 2013 Program Highlights DOE and FWS Sign New MOU on Migratory Bird Protection DOE and the Department of the Interior's Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) pursuant to the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. November 1, 2013 Program Highlights Hazard Communications Training Deadline Approaches All DOE Federal and contractor employees with hazardous chemicals in their workplace MUST complete the new Hazard Communications Standard Training, per 10 CFR 851, Worker Safety and Health Program, by DECEMBER 1, 2013. October 31, 2013 HSS' Josh Silverman joins other 2013 "Sammie Award" Finalists at the White House to meet President Barack Obama. Josh is in the back row, fifth from the right.

353

Highlights  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Year in Review I nternational crude oil prices experienced notable in- creases during 1999, as fundamental market condi- tions changed significantly over the year. Throughout the first two months of the year, prices languished as several factors including abundant stocks of both crude oil and finished products, slow demand, and warm winter temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere dominated market trends. Lackluster demand for all petroleum products in key markets helped sustain glutted inventories and prevented any meaningful re- covery for prices. Consequently, refining margins shrank to unprofitable levels and led to reduced refin- ery runs. The cutback in runs decreased draws on crude oil stocks, which in turn affected prices. Plentiful wellhead production, particularly in Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) nations, exac- erbated the effects of

354

Highlights  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Year in Review Year in Review W ith prices reaching post-Gulf War highs and inventories falling to below average levels in many regions, 1996 proved to be a remarkable year in international crude oil markets. Major influences included the effects of a harsh and unusually long winter across North America and Europe that rever- berated through global crude oil and finished prod- ucts markets well after the end of the season. The ongoing strong demand for heating fuels fed demand for crude oil at a time of trim inventories for both products. Aggravating the situation, global wellhead production rates of crude oil remained essentially static and resulted in a period of significant price increases that lasted through the end of April. Market prices eased in the United States and abroad as global

355

Highlights  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Year in Review W ith prices reaching post-Gulf War highs and inventories falling to below average levels in many regions, 1996 proved to be a remarkable year in international crude oil markets. Major influences included the effects of a harsh and unusually long winter across North America and Europe that rever- berated through global crude oil and finished prod- ucts markets well after the end of the season. The ongoing strong demand for heating fuels fed demand for crude oil at a time of trim inventories for both products. Aggravating the situation, global wellhead production rates of crude oil remained essentially static and resulted in a period of significant price increases that lasted through the end of April. Market prices eased in the United States and abroad as global

356

Highlights  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

the close of August, the price began to rise again due to a number of fundamental and political factors that affected prices until the end of the year. On December 19, the price...

357

Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

antibiotics. Environmental Toxicology: Nanoparticles and pollutant formation in combustion processes Using x-rays at CAMD, Professors Barry Dellinger, Erwin Poliakoff, and Robin...

358

Highlights  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 Year in Review I nternational crude oil prices languished during 1998 as slow demand and an overabundance of product dominated world oil markets. Opening the year, the...

359

Highlights  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 Year in Review I nternational crude oil prices experienced notable in- creases during 1999, as fundamental market condi- tions changed significantly over the year. Throughout the...

360

Research Highlights | Clean Energy | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Clean Energy Clean Energy Research Areas Research Highlights Facilities and Centers Tools & Resources News and Awards Supporting Organizations Clean Energy Home | Science & Discovery | Clean Energy | Research Highlights SHARE Research Highlights 1-20 of 48 Results Advances in Understanding Durability of the Building Envelope: ORNL Research November 22, 2013 - Moisture, and its accompanying outriders - things like mold, corrosion, freeze damage, and decay - present powerful threats to the durability and long-term performance of a building envelope. First Annual Housing Innovation Award Winners Announced November 22, 2013 - On October 4, 2013, the US Department of Energy (DOE) presented the inaugural winners of the firstever Housing Innovation Awards.

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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361

My Cart My Profile Log In Athens Log In Journal Home | OnlineOpen | Accepted Articles | Society | News | Reviews | Read Cover Story | Most Accessed | Most Cited | Professional Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ISSUE NAVIGATION Angewandte Chemie International Edition See Also: Angewandte Chemie Copyright � 2008 InterScience :: JOURNALS :: Angewandte Chemie International Edition 10/9/2008http://www3.interscience

Lin, Zhiqun

362

International Energy Outlook 2006 - Highlights  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Highlights Highlights International Energy Outlook 2006 Highlights World energy consumption is projected to increase by 71 percent from 2003 to 2030. Fossil fuels continue to supply much of the energy used worldwide, and oil remains the dominant energy source. Figure 1. World Marketed Energy Consumption by Region, 1980-2030 (Quadrillion Btu). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data In the International Energy Outlook 2006 (IEO2006) reference case, world marketed energy consumption increases on average by 2.0 percent per year from 2003 to 2030. Although world oil prices in the reference case, which remain between $47 and $59 per barrel (in real 2004 dollars), dampen the growth in demand for oil, total world energy use continues to increase as a

363

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home › Research › Highlights › Biology & Medicine Home › Research › Highlights › Biology & Medicine Research Highlights Biology & Medicine New technique for improving cancer detection Contact:Maria Cekanova Neutrons help shed light on critical protein activity that protects our DNA Published Work: "A new structural framework for integrating replication protein A into DNA processing machinery" Contact: Walter Chazin SNS researchers overcome the freezing sample problem in biostudies (2012) Published Work: "Water-protein dynamic coupling and new opportunities for probing it at low to physiological temperatures in aqueous solutions" Contact: Eugene Mamontov Studying how a protein's dynamics can take down a killer (2012) Contact: Melissa Sharp Martha "cow-laborates" to help unravel protein structure in milk

364

Argonne CNM: 2011 Research Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Archive: 2011 Research Highlights Archive: 2011 Research Highlights Monitoring the Transformation of Silver Nanowires into Gold Nanotubes with in situ Transmission X-Ray Microscopy (December 2011) Batteries Get a Quick Charge with New Anode Technology (November 2011) Small Defects Mean Big Problems for Industrial Solar Cells (October 2011) Luminescent Solar Concentrators Improved by Microcavity Effects (September 2011) New Etching Technique: Sequential Infiltration Synthesis (August 2011) Bifunctional Plasmonic/Magnetic Nanoparticles (August 2011) Structural Consequences of Nanolithography (August 2011) Thinnest Nanofiltration Membrane to Date (July 2011) STM of individual grains in CVD-grown graphene (June 2011) New Inorganic Semiconductor Layers Hold Promise for Solar Energy (June 2011)

365

Highlights from the Green Lane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Highlights from the Green Lane: A Comprehensive Evaluation of Protected Cycling Facilities PSU Transit Pass Car Share Membership Own/Lease a car Own working bicycle Female Transit Pass Car Share Membership Own/Lease a car Own working bicycle Female

Bertini, Robert L.

366

LBL Highlights 1994-1995  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Highlights 1994-1995 Highlights 1994-1995 FOREWORD DISCOVERING THE TOP QUARK BEAMING IN ON CONTAMINANTS SEEKING A CLUE OF FLU CREATING A TRUE BLUE LIGHT CHILL IN A DRILL PICTURING PROTEINS UNTANGLING PSEUDOKNOTS UNLOCKING THE SECRETS OF CELL SENESCENCE ACTIVATING ALKANES PURSUING THE MYSTERIES OF MATTER MBONE: COMMUNICATIONS FOR THE NEXT MILLENNIUM RESEARCH IN THE NATIONAL INTEREST A CONTRACT FOR EDUCATION STAFF CREDITS ON THE COVER: Rising up like an island in the sea is the concentration of chromium in a square millimeter of soil taken from a polluted San Francisco Bay wetland. This computer image, generated on the x-ray fluorescence microprobe beamline of LBL's Advanced Light Source, shows that chromium is drawn to highly localized chemical "hot spots" in the soil. The color scale

367

Research Highlights | Nuclear Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News and Awards News and Awards Nuclear Science Home | Science & Discovery | Nuclear Science | Research Highlights SHARE Research Highlights 1-3 of 3 Results Neutron scattering continues as a vital tool in superconductivity studies January 01, 2011 - In 2008, the totally unexpected discovery of a New class of superconductors, the iron pnictides, set off A Feverish international effort to understand them. Fabrication and Characterization of Uranium-based High Temperature Reactor Fuel June 01, 2013 - The Uranium Fuel Development Laboratory is a modern R&D scale lab for the fabrication and characterization of uranium-based high temperature reactor fuel. Light Water Reactor Fuel Cladding Research June 01, 2013 - ORNL is the focus point for Light Water Reactor (LWR)

368

International Energy Outlook 1999 - Highlights  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

highlights.gif (3388 bytes) highlights.gif (3388 bytes) World energy consumption is projected to increase by 65 percent from 1996 to 2020. The current economic problems in Asia and Russia have lowered projections relative to last year’s report. In the reference case projections for this International Energy Outlook 1999 (IEO99), world energy consumption reaches 612 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu) by 2020 (Figure 2 and Table 1)—an increase of 65 percent over the 24-year projection period. The IEO99 projection for the world’s energy demand in 2020 is about 4 percent (almost 30 quadrillion Btu) lower than last year’s projection. The downward revision is based on events in two parts of the world: Asia and Russia. In Asia, the economic crisis that began in early 1997 persisted throughout 1998, as economic

369

Texas Rice, Highlights in Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Texas Rice Special Section Texas Rice Special Section - I Highlighting Research in 2005 Agronomic Management continued on next page Mike Jund, Research Associate and Darrell Hagler, Technician II, with recently retired Dr. Fred Turner (Center... were conducted by Fred Turner, Mike Jund, Darrell Hagler and the Eagle Lake staff. For more information contact Mike Jund at 409-752-2741 ext. 2223 or email m-jund@tamu.edu. Seeding Rates and Nitrogen Interactions Reduced seeding rates are often...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Regulatory Highlights for March?August 2009  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the third article (pp 24?30) R. E. Chew focuses on the equipment qualification aspects of the guideline and makes detailed comparisons with the provisions of the European Union (EU) GMPs and with ASTMs E2500 standard (for the Design, Specification, and Verification of Facilities, Equipment and Systems (reviewed previously in Regulatory Highlights; Org. ... There are no plans for a specific ICH Q10 certification scheme. ... The practical application of QbD concepts to existing products should begin with an evaluation of the business case for making a change, and continue with review of the target product profile, an assessment of current product and process knowledge, leading to a plan to further develop product and process understanding. ...

Derek Robinson

2009-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

371

ISSN: 2165-7556 Journal of Ergonomics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ISSN: 2165-7556 Journal of Ergonomics The International Open Access Journal of Ergonomics Editor;Volume 3 · Issue 1 · 1000113 J Ergonomics ISSN: 2165-7556 JER, an open access journal Research Article Open Access Aykent et al., J Ergonomics 2013, 3:1 http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2165-7556.1000113 Research

Boyer, Edmond

372

Waste Management Magazine Highlights Nevada National Security Site |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Management Magazine Highlights Nevada National Security Site Management Magazine Highlights Nevada National Security Site Waste Management Magazine Highlights Nevada National Security Site March 28, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis A worker at NNSS handles large, high-powered batteries called radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs), which are discussed in the recent article on the NNSS in RadWaste Solutions magazine. Like most low-level waste, RTGs disposed of at the NNSS were handled without any special equipment or clothing because of the relatively low dose rate levels. A worker at NNSS handles large, high-powered batteries called radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs), which are discussed in the recent article on the NNSS in RadWaste Solutions magazine. Like most low-level waste, RTGs disposed of at the NNSS were handled without any special equipment or

373

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for sliding wear of micron-scale polysilicon sidewalls D.H. Alsema,b,1 , R. van der Hulstc , E.A. Stachd , M Friction Tribology Wear mechanisms a b s t r a c t As tribological properties are critical factors and Actuators A: Physical journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/sna Wear mechanisms and friction parameters

Ritchie, Robert

374

This article was published in an Elsevier journal. The attached copy is furnished to the author for non-commercial research and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reserved. Keywords: ICMEs; Solar wind; Heliosphere; Solar cycle 1. Introduction The solar wind was first://www.elsevier.com/copyright #12;Author's personal copy Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 70 (2008) 219­225 Solar cycle variations of solar wind dynamics and structures J.D. Richardsona,b,?, J.C. Kaspera a Kavli

Richardson, John

375

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), which supports a perched water table in the rainy season. Vernal pools are typically filled). Worldwide, vernal pools are a focus of conservation efforts due to their high levels of species endemism journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/aquabot Cattle waste reduces plant diversity in vernal pool

Kneitel, Jamie

376

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 1 November 2007 Short-Term Energy Outlook November 6, 2007 Release Highlights Global oil markets will likely remain stretched, as world oil demand has continued to grow much faster than oil supply outside of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), putting pressure on OPEC and inventories to bridge the gap. Additional fundamental factors contributing to price volatility include ongoing geopolitical risks, OECD inventory tightness, and worldwide refining bottlenecks. As a consequence, crude oil prices are expected to remain high and volatile. (See this month's supplemental report, Why are oil prices so high?). This situation has resulted in West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil prices

377

Microsoft Word - Highlights.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

July 2011 July 2011 1 Independent Statistics & Analysis U.S. Energy Information Administration July 2011 Short-Term Energy Outlook July 12, 2011 Release Highlights  World crude oil prices initially fell following the June 23 announcement by the International Energy Agency (IEA) that its member countries would release up to 60 million barrels from strategic reserves but then rose above the pre- announcement levels in late June and early July. Attributing observed price changes since June 23 to the IEA announcement is difficult because other drivers, including changing expectations of world economic and crude oil consumption growth, uncertainty over oil supply disruptions, estimates of

378

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 1 April 2007 Short-Term Energy and Summer Fuels Outlook April 10, 2007 Release Highlights * Recent and continuing international tensions amplify the effects of already tight international petroleum markets as the summer season (April through September) begins. At the same time, unanticipated refinery problems in February and March, both in the United States and abroad, reduced the supply of gasoline resulting in seasonal price increases about a month earlier than usual. * As a result of tight oil markets and continued international uncertainty, the price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil is expected to average over $65 per barrel this summer (compared with $70 per barrel last summer) and average

379

Microsoft Word - Highlights.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

11 11 1 Independent Statistics & Analysis U.S. Energy Information Administration April 2011 Short-Term Energy and Summer Fuels Outlook April 12, 2011 Release Highlights  West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot prices averaged $89 per barrel in February and $103 per barrel in March. The WTI price has continued to rise in recent days, reaching $112 on April 8. Crude oil prices are currently at their highest level since 2008. EIA expects oil markets to continue to tighten over the next two years given expected robust growth in world oil demand and slow growth in supply from non-Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries

380

Magnetism Highlights| Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetism Magnetism SHARE Magnetism Highlights 1-5 of 5 Results ARCS maps collaborative magnetic spin behavior in iron telluride December 01, 2011 - Researchers have long thought that magnetism and superconductivity are mutually exclusive. The former typically involves localized atomic electrons. The latter requires freely propagating, itinerant electrons. Unexpected Magnetic Excitations in Doped Insulator Surprise Researchers October 01, 2011 - When doping a disordered magnetic insulator material with atoms of a nonmagnetic material, the conventional wisdom is that the magnetic interactions between the magnetic ions in the material will be weakened. Neutron Analysis Reveals Unique Atomic-Scale Behavior of "Cobalt Blue" September 01, 2011 - Neutron scattering studies of "cobalt blue," a

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "highlights journal articles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- December 2007 - December 2007 1 December 2007 Short-Term Energy Outlook December 11, 2007 Release Highlights Global oil markets will likely remain tight through the forecast period. EIA projects that world oil demand will grow much faster than oil supply outside of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), leaving OPEC and inventories to offset the resultant upward pressure on prices. However, at last week's meeting in Abu Dhabi, OPEC decided to maintain its existing production quotas, noting that, in its view, the global oil market continued to be well supplied. Additional factors contributing to expectations that prices will remain high and volatile through 2008 include ongoing geopolitical risks,

382

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Superconductivity Superconductivity Research Highlights Superconductivity Archive New Neutron Studies Support Magnetism's Role in Superconductors Recent neutron scattering experiments give strong evidence that if superconductivity is related to a material's magnetic properties, the same mechanisms are behind both copper-based, high-temperature superconductors and the newly discovered iron-based superconductors. The research was performed at SNS and HFIR and the ISIS Facility at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in England. (2010) Published Work: "Evolution of spin excitations into the superconducting state in FeTe1-xSex" Contact: Mark Lumsden Advances in Unconventional Iron-Based Superconductors The discovery of more diverse superconducting materials will lead to more

383

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology & Medicine Archive Biology & Medicine Archive Research Highlights Biology & Medicine Archive Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Team Finds Structural Differences in Sindbis Virus Particles from Different Host Species (2010) Published Work: "The Structure of Sindbis Virus Produced from Vertebrate and Invertebrate Hosts as Determined by Small-Angle Neutron Scattering" Contact: Flora Meilleur Targeted Drug Delivery Systems Studies of the unique structure of synthetic molecules will help in the development of drugs that can target diseased areas of the body. This researched on dendrimers revealed how molecules function within solutions at different pH levels. (2008) Research in progress. Contact: Wei-Ren Chen "Intelligent" Polymers for Biomedical Technologies

384

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 1 ` September 2007 Short-Term Energy Outlook September 11, 2007 Release Highlights * Oil market fundamentals will likely remain tight reflecting continued production restraint by members of OPEC, rising consumption, moderate growth in non- OPEC supply, and falling inventories. Barring a slowdown in oil demand growth, continued high demand and low surplus capacity leave the market vulnerable to unexpected supply disruptions through 2008. * The price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil dropped by about $2 per barrel in August from the record-high monthly average price of over $74 per barrel set in July. Tight world oil markets are expected to keep WTI prices around $71

385

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

09 09 1 October 2009 Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook October 6, 2009 Release Highlights  EIA projects average household expenditures for space-heating fuels to be $960 this winter (October 1 to March 31), a decrease of $84, or 8 percent, from last winter. This forecast principally reflects lower fuel prices, although expected slightly milder weather than last winter will also contribute to lower fuel use in many areas. The largest expenditure decreases are in households using natural gas and propane, projected at 12 and 14 percent, respectively. Projected electricity and heating oil expenditures decline by 2 percent (see EIA Short

386

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 1 March 2009 Short-Term Energy Outlook March 10, 2009 Release Highlights The global economic contraction continues to depress energy demand. The annual price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil averaged $100 per barrel in 2008. The global economic slowdown is projected to cut these prices by more than half, to average $42 per barrel in 2009 and $53 in 2010--forecasts slightly lower than last month's Outlook. Gasoline prices have been slowly increasing over the last 2 months while crude oil prices have stabilized and refiner margins have recovered from their recent near-historic lows. After averaging $1.69 per gallon in December 2008, the

387

Microsoft Word - Highlights.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2011 December 2011 1 Independent Statistics & Analysis U.S. Energy Information Administration December 2011 Short-Term Energy Outlook December 6, 2011 Release Highlights  EIA expects the U.S. average refiner acquisition cost (RAC) of crude oil to increase slightly over the next year, averaging about $101 per barrel in 2011 and $102 in 2012. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil has been trading at a discount to RAC for most of 2011, contrary to the traditional relationship. The forecast WTI price discount relative to the RAC narrows from an average $11 per barrel in the third quarter of 2011 to $3 per barrel by the fourth quarter

388

Microsoft Word - Highlights.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

March 2012 March 2012 1 Independent Statistics & Analysis U.S. Energy Information Administration March 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook March 6, 2012 Release Highlights  EIA expects the price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil to average about $106 per barrel in 2012, $5 per barrel higher than in the previous Outlook and $11 per barrel higher than the average price last year. Supply disruptions in the Middle East and Africa contributed to a significant increase in world crude oil prices during February. EIA has increased the forecast 2012 average cost of crude oil to U.S. refiners from $105 per barrel in last month's Outlook to

389

This article has been accepted for inclusion in a future issue of this journal. Content is final as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE JOURNAL OF PHOTOVOLTAICS 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE JOURNAL OF PHOTOVOLTAICS 1 Robust Partial Feedback Linearizing Stabilization Scheme for Three-Phase Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems M. A. Mahmud, Member a robust stabilization scheme for a three-phase grid-connected photovoltaic system to control the current

Pota, Himanshu Roy

390

This article has been accepted for inclusion in a future issue of this journal. Content is final as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE JOURNAL OF PHOTOVOLTAICS 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE JOURNAL OF PHOTOVOLTAICS 1 Gallium Arsenide Solar Cell--Gallium arsenide, nanospheres, photovoltaic systems, whispering gallery modes (WGMs). I. INTRODUCTION THE route as the active layer is thinned [2]. Thin-film photovoltaics offer the possibility to significantly reduce

Atwater, Harry

391

Materials Highlights | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Materials SHARE Materials Highlights 1-7 of 7 Results Neutron scattering characterizes dynamics in polymer family December 01, 2012 - Understanding the interplay between structure and dynamics is the key to obtaining tailor-made materials. In the last few years, a large effort has been devoted to characterizing and relating the structure and dynamic properties in families of polymers with alkyl side groups. Theory meets experiment: structure-property relationships in an electrode material for solid-oxide fuel cells December 01, 2012 - Fuel cell technology is one potentially very efficient and environmentally friendly way to convert the chemical energy of fuels into electricity. Solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) can convert a wide variety of fuels with simpler, cheaper designs than those used in

392

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

10 10 1 October 2010 Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook October 13, 2010 Release Highlights  EIA projects average household expenditures for space-heating fuels will total $986 this winter (October 1 to March 31), an increase of $24, or 2.5 percent, from last winter. EIA projects higher expenditures in all fuels except electricity, where expenditures decline by 2 percent. This forecast reflects moderately higher prices for all the fuels, although slightly milder weather than last winter for much of the Nation should contribute to lower consumption in many areas (see EIA Short Term and Winter Fuels Outlook slideshow).  According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA)

393

Microsoft Word - Highlights.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

August 2011 August 2011 1 Independent Statistics & Analysis U.S. Energy Information Administration August 2011 Short-Term Energy Outlook August 9, 2011 Release Highlights  EIA expects the U.S. average refiner acquisition cost of crude oil will rise from $100 per barrel in 2011 to $107 per barrel in 2012 as global spare production capacity and inventories continue to decline. This forecast assumes that U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) grows by 2.4 percent this year and 2.6 percent next year, while world oil-consumption-weighted real GDP grows by 3.4 and 4.1 percent in 2011 and 2012, respectively. These assumptions do not fully reflect recent economic and financial developments that point towards a

394

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 1 November 2008 Short-Term Energy Outlook November 12, 2008 Release Highlights The current U.S. and global economic downturn has led to a decrease in global energy demand and a rapid and substantial reduction in crude oil and other energy prices. As a result, projections for both energy demand and prices are considerably lower than last month's Outlook. The monthly average price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil fell from over $133 per barrel in July to about $77 per barrel in October, indicative of the abrupt decline in world petroleum demand growth. The annual average WTI price is now projected to be $101.45 per barrel in 2008 and $63.50 in 2009.

395

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 1 May 2008 Short-Term Energy Outlook May 6, 2008 Release Highlights West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot prices increased from $101 to $120 per barrel over the first 3 weeks of April as supply disruptions in Nigeria and the North Sea and continuing strong demand growth in the emerging market countries pressured oil markets. WTI crude oil prices, which averaged $72 per barrel in 2007, are projected to average $110 per barrel in 2008 and $103 per barrel in 2009. These projections are about $9 per barrel higher than the projections in last month's Outlook. The projected prices for crude oil in 2008 will result in higher prices for all petroleum products. Regular-grade gasoline is expected to average $3.52 per

396

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

11 11 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook March 2011 March 8, 2011 Release Highlights  West Texas Intermediate (WTI) and other crude oil spot prices have risen about $15 per barrel since mid-February partly in response to the disruption of crude oil exports from Libya. Continuing unrest in Libya as well as other North African and Middle Eastern countries has led to the highest crude oil prices since 2008. As a result, EIA has raised its forecast for the average cost of crude oil to refiners to $105 per barrel in 2011, $14 higher than in the previous Outlook. However, EIA has raised its 2011 forecast for WTI by only $9 per barrel to $102 per barrel because of the projected continued price discount for

397

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 1 June 2008 Short-Term Energy Outlook June 10, 2008 Release Highlights West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil prices were on a rollercoaster ride upwards over the last month, increasing from $113 to $133 per barrel over the first 3 weeks on May, then falling back to $122 on June 4 before surging to over $138 by June 6. Supply uncertainties in several oil exporting regions, coupled with healthy demand growth in the emerging market countries, continued to pressure oil markets. The overall picture of strong demand and tight supply is expected to continue. WTI prices, which averaged $72 per barrel in 2007, are projected to average $122 per barrel in 2008 and $126 per barrel in 2009.

398

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

September 2010 September 2010 1 September 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook September 8, 2010 Release Highlights  These projections reflect updated expectations for economic activity, with forecasted U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) growth of 2.8 percent in 2010 and 2.3 percent in 2011, down from the previous Outlook's growth projections of 3.1 and 2.7 percent for 2010 and 2011, respectively. The 2011 world oil-consumption-weighted real GDP growth rate is also lowered, to 3.3 percent from the 3.6 percent level in last month's Outlook.  EIA projects that the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) spot price, which averaged $77 per barrel in August, will average $77 per barrel in the fourth

399

Microsoft Word - Highlights.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

and Winter Fuels Outlook - October 2011 and Winter Fuels Outlook - October 2011 1 Independent Statistics & Analysis U.S. Energy Information Administration October 2011 Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook October 12, 2011 Release Highlights  EIA projects average household heating expenditures for natural gas, propane, and heating oil will increase by 3 percent, 7 percent, and 8 percent, respectively, this winter (October 1 to March 31) compared with last winter, while electricity heating expenditures fall by less than 1 percent. Average expenditures for households that heat with oil are forecast to be higher than in any previous winter.  This forecast reflects higher prices for natural gas, propane, and heating oil,

400

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

10 10 1 November 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook November 9, 2010 Release Highlights  EIA expects the price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil to average about $83 per barrel this winter (October 1 to March 31), a $5.50-per-barrel increase over last winter and $3 per barrel more than in last month's Outlook. Projected WTI prices rise gradually to $87 per barrel by the fourth quarter of 2011 as U.S. and global economic conditions improve. EIA's forecast assumes U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) grows by 2.6 percent in 2010 and 2.2 percent in 2011, while world real GDP weighted by oil consumption grows by 3.9 percent and 3.3 percent, respectively.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "highlights journal articles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

June 2007 June 2007 1 June 2007 Short-Term Energy Outlook June 12, 2007 Release Highlights * After rising to a weekly record-level nominal price of $3.22 per gallon on May 21, retail regular motor gasoline prices have started to recede as refinery problems are addressed and gasoline imports increase. * Strong demand for gasoline combined with low gasoline inventories and crude oil prices that are expected to average over $65 per barrel for West Texas Intermediate (WTI) are likely to keep gasoline prices over $3 per gallon through the summer months. * Retail regular grade motor gasoline prices are projected to average $3.05 per gallon this summer compared with the $2.84 per gallon average of last

402

Microsoft Word - Highlights.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

January 2012 January 2012 1 Independent Statistics & Analysis U.S. Energy Information Administration January 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook January 10, 2012 Release Highlights  This edition of the Short-Term Energy Outlook is the first to include forecasts for 2013.  EIA expects the price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil to average about $100 per barrel in 2012, $5 per barrel higher than the average price last year. For 2013, EIA expects WTI prices to continue to rise, reaching $106 per barrel in the fourth quarter of next year. EIA's forecast assumes that U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) grows by 1.8 percent in 2012 and 2.5 percent in

403

TEVATRON_HIGHLIGHTS_v7  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2006 2006 Highlights 1 Program successes Introduction "The Tevatron continues to run at the world's premier energy frontier, setting record luminosities and pro- viding world-class data to the experiments. Both CDF and D-Zero have collected over 1 fb-1 of data and produced an impressive set of results. The ini- tial observation of Bs mixing generated a fair amount of excitement. The new results of the top quark and the W boson and the stronger constraints on searches for new physics will continue to be im- portant. The collaborations improved their analysis techniques and understanding of backgrounds in many areas, so that the experiments are now more sensitive to various physics processes than was ex- pected at the beginning of Run II". From the findings

404

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

10 10 1 December 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook December 7, 2010 Release Highlights  EIA expects the price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil to average about $84 per barrel this winter (October 1 to March 31), more than $6 higher than the average price last winter. Projected WTI prices rise to $89 per barrel by the end of 2011, a $2 per barrel increase from last month's Outlook, as U.S. and global economic conditions improve. EIA's forecast assumes U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) grows 2.7 percent in 2010 and 2.1 percent in 2011, while world real GDP (weighted by oil consumption) grows by 4.0 percent and 3.2 percent, in 2010 and 2011, respectively.

405

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 1 February 2007 Short-Term Energy Outlook February 6, 2007 Release (Next Update: March 6, 2007) Highlights * The unseasonably warm temperatures in the United States and throughout most of the northern hemisphere through early January reduced the demand for heating fuels, leading to an easing of petroleum and natural gas prices. Between mid-December 2006 and January 18, 2007, the spot price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil fell by about $12 per barrel to a low of $50.51 per barrel. The Henry Hub natural gas spot price fell from $8.67 per thousand cubic feet (mcf) on December 1 to a low of $5.56 per mcf on January 2. The turn to

406

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 1 December 2006 Short-Term Energy Outlook December 12, 2006 Release (Next Update: January 9, 2007) Highlights Production cuts by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) that began in November, combined with the recent erosion in surplus U.S. product inventories and the expected increase in petroleum demand during the winter heating season drove spot prices for West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot prices above $60 per barrel in the last week of November. OPEC oil production is expected to be reduced by about 0.8 million barrels per day (bbl/d) in November and December. WTI crude oil prices are projected to average about $66 per barrel in 2006 and $65 per barrel

407

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 1 April 2008 Short-Term Energy and Summer Fuels Outlook April 8, 2008 Release Highlights West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil prices, which averaged $72.32 per barrel in 2007, are projected to average $101 per barrel in 2008 and $92.50 per barrel in 2009. The projected higher costs for crude oil will contribute to higher petroleum product prices. Motor gasoline prices are projected to average $3.36 per gallon in 2008, up 55 cents from last year. Diesel prices are projected to show even larger increases in 2008, averaging $3.62 per gallon, or 74 cents above the 2007 average price. The monthly average gasoline price is projected to peak at about

408

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 1 January 2008 Short-Term Energy Outlook January 8, 2008 Release Highlights This edition of the Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) includes forecasts through 2009. Global oil markets will likely remain tight through 2008, then ease moderately in 2009. EIA projects that world oil demand will continue to grow faster than oil supply outside of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in 2008, leaving OPEC and inventories to offset the upward pressure on prices. In 2009, higher non-OPEC production and planned additions to OPEC capacity should relieve some of the tightness in the market. As a result, the level of surplus production capacity is projected to grow from its current

409

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

May 2010 May 2010 1 May 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook May 11, 2010 Release Highlights  EIA projects U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) will grow by 3.0 percent and world real oil-consumption-weighted GDP will increase by 3.6 percent in 2010, both of which are 0.2 percent higher than in the previous Outlook. The 2011 forecast for real GDP growth is at 2.9 percent and 3.7 percent for the United States and the world, respectively.  The more optimistic economic growth forecasts lead to an increase of about $2 per barrel in EIA's projections for West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot prices compared with the prior Outlook. EIA expects WTI prices to average

410

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 1 August 2009 Short-Term Energy Outlook August 11, 2009 Release Highlights Crude oil prices continue to be very volatile. The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot price fell from $71.47 on June 29 to $59.62 on July 14 and then increased to $71.59 by August 3. EIA expects the price of WTI crude oil to stay roughly flat at an average of $70 per barrel in the fourth quarter of 2009, an increase of about $27 compared with the average for the first quarter of the year. The WTI spot price is projected to rise slowly as economic conditions improve, to an average of about $72 per barrel in 2010. U.S average prices for regular-grade gasoline, which reached an earlier

411

Science News & Highlights | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ORNL Highlights 1-10 of 163 Results Prev 12345 Next Comprehensive phonon "map" offers direction for engineering new thermoelectric devices January 08, 2014 - To understand how to design better thermoelectric materials, researchers are using neutron scattering at SNS and HFIR to study how a compound known as AgSbTe2, or silver antimony telluride, is able to effectively prevent heat from propagating through it on the microscopic level. Structure and Composition of Nanometer-Sized Nitrides in a Creep-Resistant Cast Austenitic Alloy December 20, 2013 - The microstructure of a new and improved high-temperature creep-resistant cast austenitic alloy, CF8C-Plus, was characterized after creep-rupture testing at 1023 K (750ºC) and 100 MPa. Microstructures were investigated by detailed scanning electron microscopy,

412

Microsoft Word - Highlights.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

11 11 1 Independent Statistics & Analysis U.S. Energy Information Administration May 2011 Short-Term Energy Outlook May 10, 2011 Release Highlights  West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot prices averaged $89 per barrel in February, $103 per barrel in March, and $110 per barrel in April. During the first week of May WTI crude oil prices fell by nearly $17 per barrel to $97 per barrel, along with a broad set of commodities, and then rebounded by almost $6 per barrel yesterday. However, EIA still expects oil markets to tighten through 2012 given projected world oil demand growth and slowing growth in supply from countries that are not members of the Organization of the

413

Annual Energy Review 1994. highlights  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quadrillion Quadrillion Btu Highlights: Annual Energy Review 1994 At the halfway mark of this century, coal was the leading source of energy produced in the United States. Now, as we approach the end of the 20th century, coal is still the leading source of energy produced in this country (Figure 1). Between those points of time, however, dramatic changes occurred in the composition of our Nation's energy production. For example, crude oil and natural gas plant liquids production overtook coal production in the early 1950s. That source was matched by natural gas for a few years in the mid-1970s, and then, in the early 1980s, coal regained its prominence. After 1985, crude oil production suffered a nearly steady annual decline. While the fossil fuels moved up and down in their indi-

414

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

August 2010 August 2010 1 August 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook August 10, 2010 Release Highlights  EIA projects that the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) spot price, which ended July at more than $78 per barrel, will average $81 per barrel in the fourth quarter of 2010 and $84 per barrel in 2011, slightly above the forecasts in last month's Outlook.  EIA expects that regular-grade motor gasoline retail prices, which averaged $2.35 per gallon last year, will average $2.77 per gallon over the second half of 2010, up one cent per gallon from the average for the first half of the year.  The projected Henry Hub natural gas spot price averages $4.69 per million Btu

415

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 1 November 2009 Short-Term Energy Outlook November 10, 2009 Release Highlights  EIA is raising the forecast price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil by $7 per barrel compared with the last Outlook, to average about $77 per barrel this winter (October-March). The forecast for monthly average WTI prices rises to about $81 per barrel by December 2010, assuming U.S. and world economic conditions continue to improve, particularly in Asia, where current growth has been stronger than expected. EIA's forecast assumes U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) grows by 1.9 percent in 2010 and world oil-consumption- weighted real GDP grows by 2.6 percent.

416

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

11 11 1 January 2011 Short-Term Energy Outlook January 11, 2011 Release Highlights  This edition of the Short-Term Energy Outlook is the first to include forecasts (monthly, quarterly and annual) through December 2012.  EIA expects the price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil to average about $93 per barrel in 2011, $14 higher than the average price last year. For 2012, EIA expects WTI prices to continue to rise, with a forecast average price of $99 per barrel in the fourth quarter 2012. EIA's forecast assumes U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) grows 2.2 percent in 2011 and 2.9 percent in 2012, while world real GDP (weighted by oil consumption) grows by 3.3

417

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

March 2007 March 2007 1 March 2007 Short-Term Energy Outlook March 6, 2007 Release (Next Update: April 10, 2007) Highlights * World oil markets tightened in recent weeks in response to production cuts by members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the return of cold winter weather in North America. February's cold weather and higher demand for heating fuels reduced petroleum inventories (both crude and product) more than expected and raised spot prices for crude oil and natural gas, which had fallen in January. * Average monthly motor gasoline prices are expected to increase by nearly 40 cents per gallon from February ($2.28 per gallon) through June, peaking at $2.67

418

Microsoft Word - Highlights.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

February 2012 February 2012 1 Independent Statistics & Analysis U.S. Energy Information Administration February 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook February 7, 2012 Release Highlights  EIA expects the price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil to average about $100 per barrel in 2012, almost $6 per barrel higher than the average price last year. Based on recent futures and options data, the market believes there is about a one-in-fifteen chance that the average WTI price in June 2012 will exceed $125 per barrel, and about a one-in-fifty chance that it would exceed $140 per barrel. For 2013, EIA expects WTI prices to continue to rise,

419

International Energy Outlook 2000 - Highlights  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

bullet1.gif (843 bytes) To Forecasting Home Page bullet1.gif (843 bytes) To Forecasting Home Page bullet1.gif (843 bytes) EIA Homepage HIGHLIGHTS World energy consumption is projected to increase by 60 percent from 1997 to 2020. Recent price developments in world oil markets and economic recovery in Southeast Asia have altered projections relative to last year’s report. In the reference case projections for the International Energy Outlook 2000 (IEO2000), world energy consumption increases by 60 percent over a 23-year forecast period, from 1997 to 2020. Energy use worldwide increases from 380 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu) in 1997 to 608 quadrillion Btu in 2020 (Figure 2 and Table 1). Many developments in 1999 are reflected in this year’s outlook. Shifting short-term world oil markets, the beginnings

420

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

April 2010 April 2010 1 April 2010 Short-Term Energy and Summer Fuels Outlook April 6, 2010 Release Highlights  EIA's projections for West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot prices have changed very little over the last five Outlooks even as spot crude oil prices continue to fluctuate on a daily basis. EIA expects WTI prices to average above $81 per barrel this summer, slightly less than $81 per barrel for 2010 as a whole, and $85 per barrel by the fourth quarter of 2011.  EIA forecasts that regular-grade motor gasoline retail prices will average $2.92 per gallon during this summerʹs driving season (the period between April 1 and September 30), up from $2.44 per gallon last summer. The forecast has the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "highlights journal articles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

May 2007 May 2007 1 May 2007 Short-Term Energy Outlook May 8, 2007 Release Highlights * Continuing problems for refineries in the United States and abroad, combined with strong global gasoline demand, have raised our projected average summer gasoline price by 14 cents per gallon from our last Outlook. Retail regular grade motor gasoline prices are now projected to average $2.95 per gallon this summer compared with the $2.84 per gallon average of last summer. During the summer season, the average monthly gasoline pump price is projected to peak at $3.01 per gallon in May and again in August, compared with $2.98 per gallon last July. * The price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil is expected to average over

422

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 1 July 2009 Short-Term Energy Outlook July 7, 2009 Release Highlights After climbing for much of the year, the spot price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil hovered around $70 per barrel through most of June. The price of WTI crude oil is expected to average near $70 per barrel through the second half of 2009, an increase of about $18 compared with the average for the first half of the year. The WTI spot price is projected to rise slowly as economic conditions improve, and to average about $72 per barrel in 2010. U.S average prices for regular-grade gasoline, which reached $2.69 per gallon in EIA's June 22 weekly survey, have fallen back slightly. Gasoline prices are

423

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

08 08 1 December 2008 Short-Term Energy Outlook December 9, 2008 Release Highlights The current global economic slowdown is now projected to be more severe and longer than in last month's Outlook, leading to further reductions of global energy demand and additional declines in crude oil and other energy prices. The monthly average price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil has fallen by more than half between July and November, reflecting the fallout from the rapid decline in world petroleum demand. The annual average WTI price is now projected to be $100 per barrel in 2008 and $51 in 2009. The average U.S. prices for regular-grade gasoline and diesel fuel, at $1.70 and

424

Microsoft Word - Highlights.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

11 11 1 Independent Statistics & Analysis U.S. Energy Information Administration June 2011 Short-Term Energy Outlook June 7, 2011 Release Highlights  World benchmark crude oil prices reached their highest level of this year at the end of April, fell by about 10 percent by May 9 and have changed very little since then. EIA still expects oil markets to tighten through 2012 given projected world oil demand growth and slowing growth in supply from countries that are not members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). The projected U.S. refiner crude oil average acquisition cost rises from $104 per barrel in 2011 to $108 per barrel in 2012, about the same as last

425

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 1 June 2009 Short-Term Energy Outlook June 9, 2009 Release Highlights Spot prices for crude oil and petroleum products have increased over the past month. The price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil is expected to average $67 per barrel for the second half of 2009, an increase of about $16 compared with the first half of the year. The average U.S. price for regular-grade gasoline, at $2.62 per gallon on June 8, was almost 60 cents per gallon higher than its price at the end of April. Regular-grade gasoline prices are expected to reach their summer seasonal peak in July, with a monthly average close to $2.70 per gallon. The annual

426

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 1 January 2007 Short-Term Energy Outlook January 9, 2007 Release (Next Update: February 6, 2007) Highlights * This edition of the Short Term Energy Outlook (STEO) includes forecasts through 2008. * Warm December weather led to a decline in crude oil and natural gas prices. Between December 1 and the end of the month, the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) spot price fell from $63.48 per barrel to $60.85, and the Henry Hub natural gas spot price dropped from $8.67 per thousand cubic feet (mcf) to $5.67. For a review of notable events that occurred in petroleum markets in 2006, see This Week in Petroleum. * Projections of U.S. heating fuel expenditures for the 2006-07 winter season have

427

Microsoft Word - Highlights.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

September 2011 September 2011 1 Independent Statistics & Analysis U.S. Energy Information Administration September 2011 Short-Term Energy Outlook September 7, 2011 Release Highlights  EIA's economic growth assumptions have been lowered substantially compared with last month's Outlook. This forecast assumes that U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) grows by 1.5 percent this year and 1.9 percent next year compared with 2.4 percent and 2.6 percent, respectively, in the previous Outlook. World oil-consumption-weighted real GDP grows by 3.1 percent and 3.8 percent in 2011 and 2012, respectively, compared with 3.4 percent and 4.1 percent in the last Outlook. With weaker economic growth and lower

428

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 1 March 2008 Short-Term Energy Outlook March 11, 2008 Release Highlights The slowing economy combined with high petroleum prices is expected to constrain growth in U.S. consumption of liquid fuels and other petroleum products to just 40,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) in 2008. After accounting for increased ethanol use, U.S. petroleum consumption falls by 90,000 bbl/d. U.S. real gross domestic product is expected to decline slightly in the first half of the year and then start growing again, with growth for 2008 as a whole at 1.3 percent, the slowest annual rate since 2001. Tight fundamentals, reflected by low available crude oil surplus production

429

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

July 2007 July 2007 1 July 2007 Short-Term Energy Outlook July 10, 2007 Release Highlights * As of early July, the average price of retail regular motor gasoline in EIA's weekly gasoline price survey has declined by more than 25 cents per gallon from the record nominal price of $3.22 per gallon on May 21. The resolution of many refinery problems that occurred earlier in the season and higher levels of product imports helped bring prices down. * Average monthly retail regular-grade motor gasoline prices are expected to increase modestly over the next few months, averaging $3.00 in July and $3.07 per gallon in August. This is due to the combination of rising crude oil prices,

430

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

February 2010 February 2010 1 February 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook February 10, 2010 Release Highlights  Crude oil prices continue to fluctuate. The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) spot price increased from $69.48 per barrel on December 14 to $83.12 on January 6 and then fell to $72.85 on January 29. EIA expects the crude oil market to strengthen again this spring with WTI rising to an average of about $81 per barrel over the second half of this year and $84 per barrel in 2011. The crude oil price forecast is unchanged from last month's Outlook. EIA's forecast assumes that U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) grows by 2.3 percent in 2010 and

431

Superconductivity Highlights | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Superconductivity Superconductivity SHARE Superconductivity Highlights 1-6 of 6 Results Doug Scalapino discusses "common thread" linking unconventional superconducting materials December 01, 2012 - Douglas Scalapino was the inaugural speaker for a new joint lecture series sponsored by the Spallation Neutron Source and the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. New VULCAN tests of Japanese cable for US ITER's central magnet system February 01, 2012 - Neutron testing of the Japanese-made superconducting cable for the central solenoid (CS) magnetic system for US ITER begins next Tuesday, says Ke An, lead instrument scientist for the VULCAN Engineering Materials Diffractometer at the Spallation Neutron Source. ARCS maps collaborative magnetic spin behavior in iron telluride

432

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 1 ` August 2007 Short-Term Energy Outlook August 7, 2007 Release Highlights * The significant crude oil price increases of the last 2 months are the result of increasingly tighter world oil markets. In May, the refiner acquisition cost (RAC) for crude oil averaged $61.60 per barrel. By August, the average monthly RAC price is projected to be $73.50 per barrel. * The annual average RAC price is expected to increase from $60.23 per barrel in 2006 to $64.86 per barrel in 2007 and to $68.75 per barrel in 2008. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil prices are projected to average $67.60 per barrel for 2007 and $71.25 per barrel in 2008.

433

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 1 July 2008 Short-Term Energy Outlook July 8, 2008 Release Highlights The spot price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil increased from $122 per barrel on June 4 to $145 per barrel on July 3. Global supply uncertainties, combined with significant demand growth in China, the Middle East, and Latin America are expected to continue to pressure oil markets. WTI prices, which averaged $72 per barrel in 2007, are projected to average $127 per barrel in 2008 and $133 per barrel in 2009. Regular-grade gasoline is expected to average $3.84 per gallon in 2008, more than $1 per gallon above the 2007 average price. The U.S. average regular-

434

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 1 October 2007 Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook October 9, 2007 Release Highlights Average winter-season (October 1 to March 31) prices and expenditures for all space-heating fuels are projected to be higher than winter 2006-2007. Residential natural gas prices are expected to average $13.14 per thousand cubic feet (mcf) this winter compared with $12.36 per mcf last winter, heating oil prices are expected to average $2.88 per gallon compared with $2.48 per gallon last winter, and propane prices are expected to average $2.28 per gallon compared with $2.02 per gallon last winter. Residential electricity prices are expected to average 10.3 cents per kilowatthour (kwh) compared with 10.1

435

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

11 11 1 February 2011 Short-Term Energy Outlook February 8, 2011 Release Highlights  EIA expects the price of WTI crude oil to average about $93 per barrel in 2011, $14 higher than the average price last year. For 2012, EIA projects that WTI prices will continue to rise, averaging $98 per barrel. EIA's forecast assumes U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) grows 3.0 percent in 2011 and 2.8 percent in 2012, while world real GDP (weighted by oil consumption) grows by 3.9 percent and 4.0 percent, respectively, in 2011 and 2012.  EIA expects regular-grade motor gasoline retail prices to average $3.15 per gallon in 2011, 37 cents per gallon higher than the 2010 average, and $3.30 per

436

Microsoft Word - Highlights.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

June 2012 1 June 2012 1 June 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook Highlights  West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot prices averaged more than $100 per barrel over the first 4 months of 2012. The WTI spot price then fell from $106 per barrel on May 1 to $83 per barrel on June 1, reflecting market concerns about world economic and oil demand growth. EIA projects the price of WTI crude oil to average about $95 per barrel over the second half of 2012 and the U.S. refiner acquisition cost of crude (RAC) to average $100 per barrel, both almost $11 per barrel lower than last month's Outlook. EIA expects crude oil prices to remain relatively flat in 2013. This forecast rests on the

437

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 1 May 2009 Short-Term Energy Outlook May 12, 2009 Release Highlights Energy prices rose in early May following reports suggesting that the U.S. economy may have reached a turning point in the current recession, at least in some sectors. Near-term prices in this Outlook, however, remain somewhat below market prices as of its release date given that prospects for a global economic turnaround remain highly uncertain. EIA's forecast is based on a macroeconomic outlook that assumes the U.S. and global economies begin to stabilize in the coming months and show signs of recovery late in 2009 and into 2010. The price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil is expected to remain

438

International Energy Outlook 2001 - Highlights  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

To Forecasting Home Page EIA Homepage Highlights picture of a printer Printer Friendly Version (PDF) World energy consumption is projected to increase by 59 percent from 1999 to 2020. Much of the growth in worldwide energy use is expected in the developing world in the IEO2001 reference case forecast. In the reference case projections for the International Energy Outlook 2001 (IEO2001), world energy consumption is projected to increase by 59 percent over a 21-year forecast horizon, from 1999 to 2020. Worldwide energy use grows from 382 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu) in 1999 to 607 quadrillion Btu in 2020 (Figure 2 and Table 1). Many developments in 2000 influenced this year’s outlook, including persistently high world oil prices, stronger than anticipated economic recovery in southeast Asia, and

439

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

July 2010 July 2010 1 July 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook July 7, 2010 Release Highlights  EIA projects that the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) spot price, which ended June near $76 per barrel, will average $79 per barrel over the second half of 2010 and $83 per barrel in 2011. This forecast is unchanged from last month's Outlook.  EIA expects that regular-grade motor gasoline retail prices will average $2.80 per gallon during this summerʹs driving season (the period between April 1 and September 30), up from $2.44 per gallon last summer. The summer gasoline price forecast is up only slightly ($0.01) from last month's Outlook, but $0.12 per gallon lower than we had forecast in April, when oil prices were

440

CP Violation Highlights: Circa 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent highlights in CP violation phenomena are reviewed. B-factory results imply that CP-violation phase in the CKM matrix is the dominant contributor to the observed CP violation in K and B-physics. Deviations from the predictions of the CKM-paradigm due to beyond the Standard Model CP-odd phase are likely to be a small perturbation. Therefore, large data sample of clean B's will be needed. Precise determination of the unitarity triangle, along with time dependent CP in penguin dominated hadronic and radiative modes are discussed. Null tests in B, K and top-physics and separate determination of the K-unitarity triangle are also emphasized.

Amarjit Soni

2005-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "highlights journal articles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 1 August 2008 Short-Term Energy Outlook August 12, 2008 Release Highlights The spot price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil increased from $122 per barrel on June 4 to $145 per barrel on July 3, in part because of perceptions of tenuous supply in several of the major exporting countries. By August 5, the price fell back to less than $120 per barrel. WTI prices, which averaged $72 per barrel in 2007, are projected to average $119 per barrel in 2008 and $124 per barrel in 2009. The recent fall in crude oil prices has pulled down the retail prices for both gasoline and diesel fuel. The weekly price of regular-grade gasoline, which

442

Princeton Plasma Physics Lab - Weekly Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

weekly-highlights Weekly Highlights en weekly-highlights Weekly Highlights en PPPL Weekly Highlights for the Week Ending December 13, 2013 http://www.pppl.gov/node/2355

443

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.intl.elsevierhealth.com/journals/cmpb Privacy-preserving Kruskal�Wallis test Suxin Guoa, , Sheng Zhongb , Aidong Zhanga a Department of Computer in revised form 17 May 2013 Accepted 28 May 2013 Keywords: Data security Statistical test Kruskal�Wallis test a b s t r a c t Statistical tests are powerful tools for data analysis. Kruskal�Wallis test is a non

Zhang, Aidong

444

Author Query Form Article ID  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and clear. Please supply the name of city for the affiliation. Please check: 12 Gb. Is it right? 1 #12 online but will be printed in black and white. Journal Name Energy Systems Article Title Ancillary service capacity optimization for both electric power suppliers and independent system operator Copyright

Sun, Dengfeng

445

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history concerns over changes to forest wildfire potentials. Management actions following outbreaks often include

Turner, Monica G.

446

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

t The agglomerate model of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) electrode typically assumes a single, Scaife Hall 323, 5000 Forbes Ave., Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history

Litster, Shawn

447

Technical Articles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technical Articles science-innovationassetsimagesicon-science.jpg Technical Articles National security depends on science and technology. The United States relies on Los...

448

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ecosystem components, is a non-sustainable practice. Similarly, maintaining system char- acteristics within cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form Management Steller sea lions Experiment a b s t r a c t Learning about ecosystem processes and patterns

Mangel, Marc

449

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK c Institute for Microstructural Sciences, National Research Council, Ottawa, Canada K1A 0R6 a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Available online 25 December 2010 Keywords sample and detectors without the graded barrier. The higher graded barrier sample, space charge build up

Perera, A. G. Unil

450

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, USA a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 2 March 2013 Accepted 11 March 2013 Published by Elsevier B.V. 1. Introduction Lithium-ion batteries are very popular due the high energy in the portable electronics market and the automotive market. In particular, the performances of electro

Cui, Yi

451

This article was published in an Elsevier journal. The attached copy is furnished to the author for non-commercial research and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-3390, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 17 August 2007 Received in revised form 5 December exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are the most preferred and efficient energy conversion devices for automotive applications but demand high purity hydrogen which comes at a premium price. The currently pursued

Azad, Abdul-Majeed

452

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction The enzyme-based biofuel cell (BFC) is a special fuel's personal copy A glucose/O2 biofuel cell base on nanographene platelet-modified electrodes W. Zheng a , H f o Article history: Received 22 March 2010 Received in revised form 8 April 2010 Accepted 9 April

Zheng, Yufeng

453

This article was originally published in a journal published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

should be investigated for potential microbial fuel cell applications. ? 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 7 October 2007 staining and SEM, and cell viability was determined using live/dead fluorescent cell staining. Unexpectedly

Alvarez, Pedro J.

454

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University Rumelifeneri Yolu, Sariyer 34450, Istanbul, Turkey a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received-jet printing, spray coating, DNA microarrays, spray cooling and fuel injection in engines [27]. It also finds applications in emerging technologies such as single cell epitaxi [8]. The three- phase moving contact line

Muradoglu, Metin

455

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the IG-11 graphite. a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 3 November 2011 Received in revised is the shear stress. There are also a large amount of secondary cracks inside unit cells and on cell walls Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Graphite materials have been widely used as fuel blocks

Martin, Ralph R.

456

Research Highlights Sorted by Submission Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HighlightsSort HighlightsSort Form Submit a New Research Highlight Sort Highlights Submitter Title Research Area Working Group Submission Date DOE Progress Reports Notable Research Findings for 2001-2006 Biological and Environmental Research Abstracts Database Research Highlights Summaries Research Highlights sorted by Submission Data "Invisible" Giants in the Sky ARM ASR Kassianov, E. "Radiance Assimilation" Correction Method Improves Water Vapor Radiosonde Observations in the Upper Troposphere ARM Soden, B. J. "Roobik" Is Part of the Answer, Not a Puzzle ARM Turner, D. D. 2007 Floods Not a Complete Washout in U.S. Great Plains ARM ASR Bhattacharya, A. A "Little" Respect: Droplet Nucleation Finally Included in Global Climate Model ARM Ghan, S. J.

457

MagLab - NSF Monthly Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

magnets. August 2014 Science Highlight Date: August 14, 2014 Research Area: Magnetism and Magnetic Materials Site Program: Magnet Science and Technology Instrument: In-house...

458

University of Delaware | CCEI Research Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Highlights Discovering New Catalytic Technologies Click on the links below to learn about our exciting new discoveries impacting the scientific community. (beginning with...

459

Highlights Highlights  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

in the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico. After a short-term slip, prices began a steady rise based on an unusually early and blustery start to the winter season in North America...

460

Highlights 134 Semana 3 7 Mayo, 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

one protein, and shapes how genetic information controls cellular processes. The Frey and Blencowe. Cover graphic by Brendan Frey. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v465/n7294/full/nature09024.html. Dudek, Yi Cao, M. M. Balamurali, John Gosline & Hongbin Li The passive elasticity of muscle is largely

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "highlights journal articles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

NERSC-ScienceHighlightsOctober2012.pptx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2012, 1 2 ( 7), p p 3 602-3608 PI: J . G rossman ( MIT) On t he C over: I mage f rom t he NERSC s imulaEon w as f eatured o n the A merican C hemical S ociety's journals h...

462

Related Articles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This page provides links to recent articles describing the latest developments in the area of solid-state lighting.

463

Editorial: Cartographic Journals A Look Back and Prospects for the Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article reviews the recent history of journal publishing in the the fields of cartography, GIS, history of cartography, and related subjects. The impact of the Internet and Web-based publishing on cartographic journals is discussed...

Allen, David Y.

2005-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

464

Nuclear Weapons Journal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear Weapons Journal Nuclear Weapons Journal x The Nuclear Weapons Journal ceased publication after Issue 2, 2009. Below are Nuclear Weapons Journal archived issues. Issue 2,...

465

Hindawi Publishing Corporation Journal of Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hindawi Publishing Corporation Journal of Nanotechnology Volume 2010, Article ID 801789, 42 pages a general interest in both fundamental and practical nanotechnology. Over the past 20 years, research's -orbital axis vector (POAV) #12;2 Journal of Nanotechnology (0,0) (1,0) (2,0) (3,0) (4,0) (5,0) (1,1) (2

Wang, Yan Alexander

466

An SVM-based high-quality article classifier for systematic reviews  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Objective: To determine whether SVM-based classifiers, which are trained on a combination of inclusion and common exclusion articles, are useful to experts reviewing journal articles for inclusion during new systematic reviews. Methods: Test collections ... Keywords: Classification

Seunghee Kim, Jinwook Choi

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Beyond interlibrary loan state-of-the-art article retrieval  

SciTech Connect

At the Hanford Technical Library, high-tech methods are providing researchers and managers with better journal article delivery. New technologies include the ProQuest Business Periodicals OnDisc system, which stores images of journals on CD-ROM; optically scanned and faxed images from CURL UnCover2; and fax communications with a commercial document delivery service. Overall successes and small setbacks in implementing these services will show the possibilities of rapid article retrieval in the 1990s.

Edwards, E.L.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Science & Research Highlights | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Science and Research Highlights Animatedly Suspended X-ray Observations Animatedly Suspended X-ray Observations December 16, 2013 Researchers using the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Photon Source have probed the behavior of colloidal systems in which microscopic particles stay suspended in a fluid indefinitely. Their findings could have applications in new synthetic materials such as paints, coatings and adhesives, foodstuffs, pharmaceutical formulations, and cosmetics. The Fate of Bioavailable Iron in Antarctic Coastal Seas The Fate of Bioavailable Iron in Antarctic Coastal Seas

469

Science Highlights | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Science Highlights Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights Highlight Archives News & Events Publications History Contact BES Home...

470

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2007 - Highlights Section  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Highlights Highlights International Energy Outlook 2007 Highlights World marketed energy consumption is projected to increase by 57 percent from 2004 to 2030. Total energy demand in the non-OECD countries increases by 95 percent, compared with an increase of 24 percent in the OECD countries. Figure 1. World Marketed Energy Consumption by Region, 2004-2030 (Quadrillion Btu). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Figure 2. Average Annual Growth in Delivered Energy Consumption by Region and End-use Sector, 2004-2030 (Percent per Year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Figure 3. Industrial Sector Delivered Energy Consumption by Region, 2004-2030 (Quadrillion Btu). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

471

Blog and News Highlights | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Blog and News Highlights Blog and News Highlights Blog and News Highlights Blog Applications powered by open energy data were on display at the Energy Datapalooza in June 2012. | Photo by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. Energy Department Launches Second Contest of the American Energy Data Challenge January 16, 2014 1:13 PM Today the Energy Department is launching Round Two of the American Energy Data Challenge, asking the public to develop apps using open energy data. Read The Full Story First Round of American Energy Data Challenge Winners Announced OCIO Technology Summit: Cyber Innovation Join the American Energy Data Challenge Cybersecurity Is Every Citizen's Responsibility National Cybersecurity Awareness Month Bring Your Own Device Department of Energy Helping Americans Find Alternative Fuel

472

Weekly Highlights | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weekly Highlights Weekly Highlights 2014 Theory Department Weekly Highlights Dec 20 & Jan 3~ THEORY This week's theory seminar of this year was presented by Professor Eliezer Hameiri from New York University, entitled "Multi-fluid and MHD plasmas with flow, a variational approach". The abstract of the talk is "Based on an extension to plasmas of Ertel's classical vorticity theorem in fluid dynamics, it is shown that for each species in a multi-fluid plasma there can be constructed a set of nested surfaces that have this species' fluid particles confined within them. Variational formulations for the plasma evolution and its equilibrium states are developed, based on the new surfaces and all of the dynamical conservation laws associated with them. A limit of the variational integral yields the two-fluid

473

Demolition, Groundwater Cleanup Highlight Paducah's 2013 Accomplishments  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Demolition, Groundwater Cleanup Highlight Paducah's 2013 Demolition, Groundwater Cleanup Highlight Paducah's 2013 Accomplishments Demolition, Groundwater Cleanup Highlight Paducah's 2013 Accomplishments December 24, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis A high-reach shear removes debris from the tallest structure of the C-340 complex at Paducah. Watch a video of this work here. The 120-foot-high Metals Plant was the tallest building at the Paducah site and encompassed about 1.5 million cubic feet, the volume of a football field roughly three stories tall. Demolition debris filled 28 rail cars and was shipped offsite for disposal. A high-reach shear removes debris from the tallest structure of the C-340 complex at Paducah. Watch a video of this work here. The 120-foot-high Metals Plant was the tallest building at the Paducah site and encompassed

474

Employment Opportunity Highlights | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Careers » Working Here » Employment Opportunity Highlights Careers » Working Here » Employment Opportunity Highlights Employment Opportunity Highlights National Energy Technology Laboratory The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), part of DOE's national laboratory system, is owned and operated by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). NETL supports DOE's mission to advance the national, economic, and energy security of the United States. NETL has expertise in coal, natural gas, and oil technologies, contract and project management, analysis of energy systems, and international energy issues and has sites in Morgantown, WV; Pittsburgh, PA; Sugar Land, TX; Albany, OR; and Fairbanks, AK. Employment Opportunities & Fellowships Job search via USAJobs NETL News Office of Fossil Energy The Office of Fossil Energy (FE) ensures that Americans can continue to

475

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2009 - Highlights Section  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Highlights Highlights International Energy Outlook 2009 Highlights World marketed energy consumption is projected to increase by 44 percent from 2006 to 2030. Total energy demand in the non-OECD countries increases by 73 percent, compared with an increase of 15 percent in the OECD countries. Figure 1. World Marketed Energy Consumption, 2006-2030 (Quadrillion Btu). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Figure 2. World Marketed Energy Use by Fuel Type, 1980-2030 (quadrillion Btu). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Figure 3. World Oil Prices in the IEO2009 and IEO2008 Reference Cases, 1980-2030 (2007 dollars per barrel). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

476

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2008 - Highlights Section  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Highlights Highlights International Energy Outlook 2008 Highlights World marketed energy consumption is projected to increase by 50 percent from 2005 to 2030.Total energy demand in the non-OECD countries increases by 85 percent,compared with an increase of 19 percent in the OECD countries. Figure 1. World Marketed Energy Consumption, 2005-2030 (Quadrillion Btu). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Figure 2. World Marketed Energy Use by Fuel Type, 1980-2030 (quadrillion Btu). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Figure Data Figure 3. World Oil Prices in Two Cases, 1980-2030 (nominal dollars per barrel). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

477

Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) Vermont Highlight...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Vermont Highlight (Fact Sheet), Weatherization And Intergovernmental Programs (WIP) Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) Vermont Highlight (Fact Sheet), Weatherization...

478

NERSC-ScienceHighlightsJuly2013.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

July 2013 July 2013 NERSC Science Highlights --- 1 --- NERSC User Science Highlights Materials Model is able to predict which of a million or so potential materials might be best for carbon capture (B. Smit, LBNL) Materials NERSC collaboration yields software that is a key enabler in the high- throughput computational materials science initiative (S. Ong, MIT) Climate NERSC simulations contribute to a study finding that emission regulations reduced soot and climate change impact in California W. Collins (LBNL) Climate Independent confirmation of global land warming without the use of land thermometers (G. Compo, U. Colorado) Nuclear Physics NERSC resources aid worldwide collaboration that discovers neutrinos of unprecedented energy (L. Gerhardt, LBNL) Chemistry

479

NERSC-ScienceHighlightsJan2013.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

January 2013 January 2013 NERSC Science Highlights --- 1 --- NERSC User Science Highlights Math AMR method allows pore- scale modeling of carbon sequestration effects at unprecedented scale (D. Trebotich, LBNL) Climate Study sheds light on question of how well climate change mitigation might defer sea level rise (A. Hu, NCAR) Chemistry New method affords molecular- level insight into process responsible for lithium battery failure (T. Miller, Caltech) Materials Computation helps elucidate mechanism of explosive decomposition (M. Kuklja, U. Maryland) Materials ab initio study of key ceramic structure is important first step in understanding advanced properties of important mineral (W-Y. Ching, UMKC) Fusion Explanation of the source of intrinsic rotation in fusion

480

NERSC-ScienceHighlightsMarch2013.pptx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

March 2013 March 2013 NERSC Science Highlights --- 1 --- NERSC User Science Highlights Materials High-temp superconductivity findings net researchers the first NERSC Award for High Impact Scientific Achievement (T. Das, LANL) Fusion Simulations show for the first time intrinsic stochasticity in magnetically confined toroidal plasma edges (L. Sugiyama, MIT) Fusion Direct simulation of freely decaying turbulence in 2-D electrostatic gyrokinetics (W. Dorland, U. Maryland) Fusion NIMROD simulations explain DIII-D shot variability (V. Izzo, General Atomics) Materials Semiconductor exciton binding energy variation explained (Z. Wu, Colo. Sch. Mines) Chemistry Study points the way toward more efficient catalysts (S. Chen, PNNL) January 2 013 Origin of the Variation of Exciton Binding

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "highlights journal articles" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Argonne CNM Highlight: Superhydrophobicity on Silver Nanoplates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Superhydrophobicity on Silver Nanoplates Superhydrophobicity on Silver Nanoplates Superhydrophobic silver nanoplates Representations of water droplets on a GaAs substrate covered with the Ag nanoplates; as featured on back cover of the journal issue Gallium arsenide wafers decorated with silver nanoplates result in composite surfaces of varying hydrophobocity. CNM researchers and collaborators at Clemson have accomplished this in part by coating the silver nanoplates with self-assembled monolayers of alkyl thiol molecules. By carefully controlling reaction conditions, the size, thickness, and surface roughness of the individual silver nanoplates are tuned to produce different topographic structures and roughness of the composite surfaces. This in turn influences the surface hydrophobicity. The composite surfaces

482

University of Maryland Campus Sustainability Highlights  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inventory of the College Park campus. Convened a new 16-member University Sustainability Council to advise Sustainability Council. University of Maryland, College Park provided procurement leadership in State1 University of Maryland Campus Sustainability Highlights Calendar Year 2009 New Campus Activities

Yorke, James

483

2 ISSP Activity Report 2012 Research Highlights  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 ISSP Activity Report 2012 Research Highlights Incomplete Devil's Staircase in the Magnetization that the plateau sequence can be inter- preted as a "devil's staircase", which is an infinite sequence, indicating that what is observed here is an example of "incomplete devil's staircase", in which the infinite

Katsumoto, Shingo

484

Los Alamos Lab: MPA: Materials Research Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Research Highlights Materials Research Highlights Advances in fuel cells (pdf) R. Borup (MPA-11) Innovative materials physics and applications (pdf) Metallic nanolayered composites exhibit ultra-high strength and ductility (pdf) N.A. Mara (MST-6); D. Bhattacharyya (MPA-CINT); P. Dickerson (MST-6); J.K. Baldwin (MPA-CINT); R.G. Hoagland (MST-8); A. Misra (MPA-CINT) Frontiers in thermoacoustic refrigeration and mixture separation (pdf) S. Backhaus (MPA-10); D. Geller (AET-3); B. Ward (AET-6); G. Swift (MPA-10) Submicron resolution ferromagnetic resonance microscopy using scanned probe MRFM (pdf) E. Nazaretski and R. Movshovich (MPA-10) Nanowire technologies for radiation detection applications (pdf) G. Brown (MST-8); T. Picraux (MPA-CINT); M. Hoffbauer (C-ADI) Development of improved radiation detector materials (pdf)

485

Polyelectrolyte biomaterials - Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home › Research › Highlights › Polyelectrolyte biomaterials Home › Research › Highlights › Polyelectrolyte biomaterials Detecting the shape of polymer chains inside polyelectrolyte biomaterials Bio-SANS research for replacing cartilage in the spine and knees Research Contact: Marie Markarian Feb. 2012, Written by Agatha Bardoel Left: neutron scattering with contrast variation reveals the coil conformation of single polymer molecules in a blend of PSS and PDADMA. Contrast variation is achieved by deuteration of some of the PSS molecules (D-PSS) in the mixture. Right: The slope of the scattering curve exhibits a power law dependence Q-2, which is a characteristic signature of the random coil conformation of a polymer chain molecule. Left: neutron scattering with contrast variation reveals the coil conformation of single polymer molecules in a blend of PSS and PDADMA.

486

Los Alamos Lab: MST: Materials Research Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Research Highlights Materials Research Highlights Advances in fuel cells (pdf) R. Borup (MPA-11) Innovative materials physics and applications (pdf) Metallic nanolayered composites exhibit ultra-high strength and ductility (pdf) N.A. Mara (MST-6); D. Bhattacharyya (MPA-CINT); P. Dickerson (MST-6); J.K. Baldwin (MPA-CINT); R.G. Hoagland (MST-8); A. Misra (MPA-CINT) Frontiers in thermoacoustic refrigeration and mixture separation (pdf) S. Backhaus (MPA-10); D. Geller (AET-3); B. Ward (AET-6); G. Swift (MPA-10) Submicron resolution ferromagnetic resonance microscopy using scanned probe MRFM (pdf) E. Nazaretski and R. Movshovich (MPA-10) Nanowire technologies for radiation detection applications (pdf) G. Brown (MST-8); T. Picraux (MPA-CINT); M. Hoffbauer (C-ADI) Development of improved radiation detector materials (pdf)

487

NSLS Industrial User Program | Science Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Highlights Science Highlights Energy Storage Study of Fuel Cell Poisoning Structure of Pentacene films on polymer dielectric In-situ Studies of Batteries IV-LEEM: Structural fingerprinting during chemical reactions In-situ powder diffraction study of interconnect material for SOFCs Characterization of B12As2 /(0001) 6H-SiC Epilayers for Beta Cell Applications SWBXT Studies of Multicrystalline Silicon Bricks and Wafers for Solar Modules New Catalyst Paves the Path for Ethanol-Powered Fuel Cells XAS & Degeneracy Lifting in Manganites In-situ X-ray Absorption and Powder Diffraction Studies of Cathode of Rechargeable Batteries Homeotropic alignment of columnar molecules in open films in view of their use in photovoltaic devices Surface Effects on the Orbital Order in La0.5Sr1.5MnO4

488

TEMPLATE FOR EES DIRECTORATE QUARTERLY HIGHLIGHTS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

April 2013 April 2013 Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Research Center (FEERC) Staff Organize and Participate in Multiple Events during Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) World Congress Week FEERC staff contributed to 18 technical papers and 2 oral-only presentations at the annual SAE World Congress in Detroit, Michigan. Nine of these papers were selected for journal publication and one of the papers on the effects of air conditioner use on real-world fuel economy received special coverage in the SAE Vehicle Engineering Magazine. FEERC staff participated as organizers of multiple technical sessions and two special events that included the international SAE High Efficiency Engines Symposium and the Vehicle Data Jam which is sponsored by the White House Council on Environmental Quality, the

489

Summary Slides of ALS Science Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary Slides of ALS Science Highlights Print Summary Slides of ALS Science Highlights Print No. Slide Beamline Full Web Highlight ALSNews Volume 280 Learning from Roman Seawater Concrete 5.3.2, 12.2.2, 12.3.2 09.25.2013 Vol. 346 279 New Research on Jamming Behavior... 12.2.2 10.30.2013 Vol. 347 278 The Nuclear Pore Complex as Gatekeeper 8.2.1 08.28.2013 Vol. 345 277 A Semiconductor for Spintronics 7.0.1 08.28.2013 Vol. 345 276 Rate-of-Charge Mapping in Batteries 5.3.2, 11.0.2 07.31.2013 Vol. 344 275 Circulation Reversal in Magnetic Vortices 6.1.2 07.31.2013 Vol. 344 274 Pseudo-Single-Bunch Expands Capabilities -- 09.25.2013 Vol. 346 273 Shedding Light on Nanocrystal Defects 12.2.2 06.26.2013 Vol. 343 272 One Vaccine Leads to Another 5.0.3 05.25.2013 Vol. 342 271 Iron Availability in the Southern Ocean 11.0.2 06.26.2013 Vol. 343

490

Summary Slides of ALS Science Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary Slides of ALS Science Highlights Print Summary Slides of ALS Science Highlights Print No. Slide Beamline Full Web Highlight ALSNews Volume 280 Learning from Roman Seawater Concrete 5.3.2, 12.2.2, 12.3.2 09.25.2013 Vol. 346 279 New Research on Jamming Behavior... 12.2.2 10.30.2013 Vol. 347 278 The Nuclear Pore Complex as Gatekeeper 8.2.1 08.28.2013 Vol. 345 277 A Semiconductor for Spintronics 7.0.1 08.28.2013 Vol. 345 276 Rate-of-Charge Mapping in Batteries 5.3.2, 11.0.2 07.31.2013 Vol. 344 275 Circulation Reversal in Magnetic Vortices 6.1.2 07.31.2013 Vol. 344 274 Pseudo-Single-Bunch Expands Capabilities -- 09.25.2013 Vol. 346 273 Shedding Light on Nanocrystal Defects 12.2.2 06.26.2013 Vol. 343 272 One Vaccine Leads to Another 5.0.3 05.25.2013 Vol. 342 271 Iron Availability in the Southern Ocean 11.0.2 06.26.2013 Vol. 343

491

Feature Article  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Feature Article Feature Article * $ &RPSDULVRQ RI 6HOHFWHG (,$'DWD:LWK2WKHU'DWD 6RXUFHV A Comparison of Selected EIA-782 Data With Other Data Sources by Theresa E. Hallquist Introduction The Petroleum Marketing Division (PMD) of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) collects information re- lating to petroleum market prices and volumes on the EIA-782 survey. One way PMD assesses the quality of these data is to compare the data with other sources. Large, irreconcilable differences among data series could indicate the need for improvement in survey design or implementa- tion, or may be due to conceptual differences. For more de- tailed information on the EIA-782 survey, refer to the notes at the end of this article. PMD compares its EIA-782 series of petroleum market prices and volumes with both internal and external data sources

492

Journal of Glenn T. Seaborg, 1980--1989. Volume 6, January 1, 1985--December 31, 1985  

SciTech Connect

Glenn T. Seaborg kept a journal since he was a boy most of the time recording the daily events in an organized manner. This set of journals covers January 1985 through December 1985. Day to day activities, newspaper articles, letters, photographs, are all detailed in this journal.

Not Available

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Hindawi Publishing Corporation International Journal of Ecology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hindawi Publishing Corporation International Journal of Ecology Volume 2012, Article ID 939862, 17 pages doi:10.1155/2012/939862 Review Article Parallel Ecological Speciation in Plants? Katherine L speciation, known as parallel ecological speciation, is one of several forms of evidence for ecology's role

Rieseberg, Loren

494

Weekly Highlights: May 2014 | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

May 2014 PPPL Weekly Highlights for the Week Ending May 30, 2014 EXTERNAL- PPPL Weekly Highlights May 30, 2014.pdf PPPL Weekly Highlights for the Week Ending May 23, 2014...

495

Journal Article: Simplified Protein Models: Predicting Folding...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Simplified Protein Models: Predicting Folding Pathways and Structure Using Amino Acid Sequences Citation Details Title: Simplified Protein Models: Predicting Folding Pathways and...

496

DOROTHEE BAKKER PUBLICATIONS SINCE 2000 Journal articles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.M., Nightingale, P.D., Steinke, M., Bakker, D.C.E., Liss, P. (2009) Ocean Acidification and Marine Trace Gas-1393. Takahashi, T., Sutherland, S.C., Wanninkhof, R., Sweeney, C., Feely, R.A., Chipman, D.W., Hales, B., Feely, R.A., Chipman, D.W., Hales, B., Friederich, G., Chavez, F., Sabine, C., Watson, A., Bakker, D

Watson, Andrew

497

Publications by Raymond Najjar Journal articles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.1002/2013GB004712, 1-13. Ning, L., Mann, M.E., Crane, R., Wagener, T., Najjar, R.G., Singh, R., 2012. Lee, K. J. Mackin, G. A. McKinley, M. Morgan, R. Najjar, T. Sikora, and A. Tandon. 2009. "Weather

Thompson, Anne

498

PUBLICATIONS A. Journal articles and books  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pulps - Added Value for Paper and Board, Helsinki, Finland, June 4-8, 2001. Helsinki, Finland. pp. 373

499

JOURNAL ARTICLE Dissemination Form Important Note  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

economics ECR heating edge plasma electric field effects electric power electron cyclotron emission electron compression computational physics computer codes confinement control systems controlled fusion convection applications graphics (computer pro- grams) gyrotrons H-modes harmonics heat exchangers heating helium high

500

TIM LENTON PUBLICATIONS SINCE 2000 Journal articles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wit, C.A., Hughes, T., Van Der Leeuw, S., Rodhe, H., Sörlin, S., Snyder, P.K., Costanza, R., Svedin, U

Watson, Andrew