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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relation between the hardness ratio and time in the first 2 seconds for compatible samples of short and long gamma-ray bursts ?

unknown authors

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Summary. We present preliminary results concerning the search for short-period variable stars in Tucana and LGS3 based on very deep HST/ACS imaging. In the fraction of the observed field we studied in each galaxy, a total of 133 and 30 variables were found, respectively. For Tucana, we identified 76 of them as RR Lyrae (RRL) stars pulsating in the fundamental mode (RRab) and 32 in the first-overtone mode (RRc), as well as 2 anomalous Cepheids (AC). The mean period of the RRab and RRc is 0.59 and 0.35 days, respectively. In the case of LGS3, we found 24 RRab and 4 RRc, with mean periods 0.61 and 0.39 days, respectively, plus two candidate ACs. These values place both galaxies in the Oosterhoff gap. 1

E. J. Bernard; M. Monelli; C. Gallart; G. Bertelli; S. Cassisi; A. A. Cole; P. Demarque; A. E. Dolphin; H. C. Ferguson; S. Hidalgo; M. Mateo; L. Mayer; Navarro F. Pont

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using measured data we demonstrate that there is an amazing correspondence among the statistical properties of spacings between parked cars and the distances between birds perching on a power line. We show that this observation is easily explained by the fact that birds and human use the same mechanism of distance estimation. We give a simple mathematical model of this phenomenon and prove its validity using measured data. Everyone knows that to park a car in the city center is problematic. The amount of the available places is limited and it has to be shared between too many interested parties. Birds face the same problem when a flock tries to perch on an electric line. The common problem (we will call it "the parking problem " in the following text) is to place oneself safely between the two parties limiting the available space from the left and from the right. This leads necessarily to an interaction preventing collisions between the participants and making the parking maneuver not random. It should be therefore not a surprise that the "Random car parking model " introduced by Renyi [1] (see also [2] and [3] for review) does not describe the real parking data correctly [4], [5]. The exact character of the interaction is unknown and hardly describable in the physical terms. It is however clear that it is primarily triggered by the brain and then mediated through the muscles (by pressing the accelerator/brake pedal (cars) or by flopping the wings (birds)). Though the particular locomotive activity is different the basic neural regulatory mechanisms can be similar in both cases. The complex interplay between the individuals

Petr Šeba

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Frequency and time profiles of metric wave isolated type I solar noise storm bursts at high spectral and temporal resolution

G. A. Shanmugha Sundaram; K. R. Subramanian

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We revisit the capability of the WR winds to eject these radionuclides using new models of single nonexploding WR stars with metallicity Z = 0.02. The earlier predictions for non-rotating WR stars are updated, and models for rotating such stars are used for the first time in this context. We find that (1) rotation has no significant influence on the short-lived radionuclide production by neutron capture during the core He-burning phase, and (2) 26 Al, 36 Cl, 41 Ca, and 107 Pd can be wind-ejected by a variety of WR stars at relative levels that are compatible with the meteoritic analyses for a period of free decay of around 10 5 y between production and incorporation into the forming solar system solid bodies. We confirm the previously published conclusions that the winds of WR stars have a radionuclide composition that can meet the necessary condition for them to be a possible contaminating agent of the forming solar system. Still, it remains to be demonstrated from detailed models that this is a sufficient condition for these winds to have provided a level of pollution that is compatible with the observations.

M. Arnould; S. Goriely; G. Meynet

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The United States (U.S.) Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to transport highly enriched uranium (HEU) from Russia to a secure storage facility in Oak Ridge, TN. This proposed action would allow the United States and Russia to accelerate the disposition of excess nuclear weapons materials in the interest of promoting nuclear disarmament, strengthening nonproliferation, and combating terrorism. The HEU would be used for a non-weapons purpose in the U.S. – as fuel in research reactors performing solely peaceful missions. The amount of HEU to be transferred under the proposed action would be, on average, 166 kilograms (366 pounds) per year over a period of 10 years. The entire shipping campaign would be conducted under very high security. The Russian Federation would be responsible for packaging the material in appropriate packages that meet international and U.S. safety standards. The Russian Federation would also be responsible for transporting the material to a point of transfer, which could be in Russia or a cooperating European country. The U.S. would then take possession of the material and assume responsibility for its security and transport. The proposed action is to transport the HEU by U.S. military aircraft from Russia or a cooperating European country to the McGhee Tyson Air National Guard Base near Knoxville, TN, then by Safe Secure Transport/SafeGuards Transportation (SST/SGT) to the

unknown authors

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Section 3.11.4 in the RACM indicates that the maximum cooling capacity credit must be in combination with verified cooling coil airflow and sealed and tested ducts. Table RA2-1 of the Reference Residential Appendix RA2 indicates that the maximum cooling capacity credit must be in combination with verified cooling coil airflow, sealed and tested ducts and high EER. Which requirement is valid? I think the elimination of the refrigerant charge as an additional compliance requirement is a mistake. The original intent of the additional compliance requirements was to insure the installation quality of both the duct system and the air conditioning equipment. Eliminating the refrigerant charge relaxes the installation quality standard for the air conditioning equipment. The logic seems to be a high EER will substitute for an improperly functioning air conditioner. The higher EER will reduce the air conditioner demand at time of peak but it will not increase the reduced cooling capacity of an air conditioner with an improper refrigerant charge. 2. RACM Section 3.11.6: The requirement for duct design verification by the HERS rater has been eliminated from

Commissioner Jackalyne Pfannenstiel; Commissioner Arthur; H. Rosenfeld, Ph.D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This review presents a brief discussion of the theory of Cold Dark Matter of structure formation in the universe, describing the main processes determining the power spectrum, the non-linear gravitational collapse, the formation of galaxies and the evolution of the intergalactic medium. Recent advances in the observations of high redshift galaxies, and their interpretation in the context of this theory, are then summarized. Este artículo de revisión presenta una breve exposición de la teoría de la Materia Invisible Fría de la formación de estructura en el universo, describiendo los procesos más importantes que determinan el espectro de potencia, el colapso gravitatorio no lineal, la formación de galaxias y la evolución del medio intergaláctico. Resumimos también avances recientes en las observaciones de galaxias a alto corrimiento al rojo, y la interpretación en el contexto de esa teoría. Subject headings: 1. Introducción

Jordi Miralda Escudé; Alfred P. Sloan Fellow

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graphene coating makes carbon nanotube aerogels superelastic and resistant to fatigue Kyu Hun Kim, Youngseok Oh and M. F. Islam* Lightweight materials that are both highly compressible and resilient under large cyclic strains can be used in a variety of applications 1–8. Carbon nanotubes offer a combination of elasticity, mechanical resilience and low density 9, and these properties have been exploited in nanotube-based foams 10–14 and aerogels 15,16. However, all nanotube-based foams and aerogels developed so far undergo structural collapse 15 or significant plastic deformation with a reduction in compressive strength 10,11,13,14 when they are subjected to cyclic strain. Here, we show that an inelastic aerogel made of single-walled carbon nanotubes can be transformed into a superelastic material by coating it with between one and five layers of graphene nanoplates. The

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From the beginning of the Middletown project the importance of determining the exact size and age distribution of the population was evident. Such information may not always be necessary in subsequent community-wide vaccination campaigns, but since one of our main objectives was to evaluate the degree of acceptance of oral vaccine in a typical small New England city, it was necessary to have accurate agespecific data. The 1960 United States census figures were not yet available; our estimates of the child population were therefore based on information obtained from birth records, from the schools, and from the Board of Education. NUMBER OF CHILDREN VACCINATED The school-aged population was determined by an exact count of the pupils in attendance at the 14 public and three parochial schools. Of the total 6,811, some 504 (chiefly those attending the two high schools and a technical school) were not Middletown residents, but were nevertheless considered eligible for vaccination. The preschool population was estimated on the basis of the number of

unknown authors

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Fiber Laser Front Ends for High Energy, Short Pulse Lasers  

SciTech Connect

We are developing a fiber laser system for short pulse (1-10ps), high energy ({approx}1kJ) glass laser systems. Fiber lasers are ideal for these systems as they are highly reliable and enable long term stable operation.

Dawson, J; Messerly, M; Phan, H; Siders, C; Beach, R; Barty, C

2007-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

12

A highly conserved protein of unknown function in Sinorhizobium meliloti affects sRNA regulation similar to Hfq  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The SMc01113/YbeY protein, belonging to the UPF0054 family, is highly conserved in nearly every bacterium. However, the function of these proteins still remains elusive. Our results show that SMc01113/YbeY proteins share ...

Pandey, Shree P.

13

Analysis of High Power IGBT Short Circuit Failures  

SciTech Connect

The Next Linear Collider (NLC) accelerator proposal at SLAC requires a highly efficient and reliable, low cost, pulsed-power modulator to drive the klystrons. A solid-state induction modulator has been developed at SLAC to power the klystrons; this modulator uses commercial high voltage and high current Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT) modules. Testing of these IGBT modules under pulsed conditions was very successful; however, the IGBTs failed when tests were performed into a low inductance short circuit. The internal electrical connections of a commercial IGBT module have been analyzed to extract self and mutual partial inductances for the main current paths as well as for the gate structure. The IGBT module, together with the partial inductances, has been modeled using PSpice. Predictions for electrical paths that carry the highest current correlate with the sites of failed die under short circuit tests. A similar analysis has been carried out for a SLAC proposal for an IGBT module layout. This paper discusses the mathematical model of the IGBT module geometry and presents simulation results.

Pappas, G.

2005-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

14

Online Burst Detection Over High Speed Short Text Streams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Burst detection is an inherent problem for data streams and it has attracted extensive attention in research community due to its broad applications. In this paper, an integrated approach is introduced to solve burst events detection problem over high ...

Zhijian Yuan; Yan Jia; Shuqiang Yang

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

MILAGRO CONSTRAINTS ON VERY HIGH ENERGY EMISSION FROM SHORT-DURATION GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MILAGRO CONSTRAINTS ON VERY HIGH ENERGY EMISSION FROM SHORT-DURATION GAMMA-RAY BURSTS A. A. Abdo,1 localizations of short, hard gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) by the Swift and HETE satellites have led: bursts -- gamma rays: observations Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) have long been classified by their durations

California at Santa Cruz, University of

16

High voltage electrical amplifier having a short rise time  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A circuit, comprising an amplifier and a transformer is disclosed that produces a high power pulse having a fast response time, and that responds to a digital control signal applied through a digital-to-analog converter. The present invention is suitable for driving a component such as an electro-optic modulator with a voltage in the kilovolt range. The circuit is stable at high frequencies and during pulse transients, and its impedance matching circuit matches the load impedance with the output impedance. The preferred embodiment comprises an input stage compatible with high-speed semiconductor components for amplifying the voltage of the input control signal, a buffer for isolating the input stage from the output stage; and a plurality of current amplifiers connected to the buffer. Each current amplifier is connected to a field effect transistor (FET), which switches a high voltage power supply to a transformer which then provides an output terminal for driving a load. The transformer comprises a plurality of transmission lines connected to the FETs and the load. The transformer changes the impedance and the voltage of the output. The preferred embodiment also comprises a low voltage power supply for biasing the FETs at or near an operational voltage. 8 figs.

Christie, D.J.; Dallum, G.E.

1989-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

17

High voltage electrical amplifier having a short rise time  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A circuit, comprising an amplifier and a transformer is disclosed that produces a high power pulse having a fast response time, and that responds to a digital control signal applied through a digital-to-analog converter. The present invention is suitable for driving a component such as an electro-optic modulator with a voltage in the kilovolt range. The circuit is stable at high frequencies and during pulse transients, and its impedance matching circuit matches the load impedance with the output impedance. The preferred embodiment comprises an input stage compatible with high-speed semiconductor components for amplifying the voltage of the input control signal, a buffer for isolating the input stage from the output stage; and a plurality of current amplifiers connected to the buffer. Each current amplifier is connected to a field effect transistor (FET), which switches a high voltage power supply to a transformer which then provides an output terminal for driving a load. The transformer comprises a plurality of transmission lines connected to the FETs and the load. The transformer changes the impedance and voltage of the output. The preferred embodiment also comprises a low voltage power supply for biasing the FETs at or near an operational voltage.

Christie, David J. (Pleasanton, CA); Dallum, Gregory E. (Livermore, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

UNKNOWN  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

DOI: 10.10071~00267-004-0126-6 DOI: 10.10071~00267-004-0126-6 Science, Policy, and Stakeholders: Developing a Consensus Science Plan for Amchitka Island, Aleutians, Alaska JOANNABURGER Division of Life Sciences Consortium for Risk Evaluation with Stakeholder Participation (CRESP) and Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute (EOHSI) Rutgers University Piscataway, New Jersey 08854-8082, USA MICHAEL GOCHFELD CRESP and EOHSI UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA DAVID S. KOSSON Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering CRESP and Vanderbilt University Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA CHARLES W. POWERS BARRY FRIEDLANDER CRESP and EOHSI UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA JOHN EICHELBERGER

19

UNKNOWN  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

JOURNAL OF JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL Journal of ELSEVIER Environmental Radioactivity 60 (2002) 165-187 RADIOACTIVITY An assessment of the reported leakage of anthropogenic radionuclides from the underground nuclear test sites at Amchitka Island, Alaska, USA to the surface environment Douglas Dashera3*, Wayne ans son^, Stan Reada, Scott FalleS, Dennis Farmerc, Wes ~ f u r d ~ , John Kelleye, Robert patrickf " Aluska Department o f Etz~~ironmental Conservation, 610 Liniversitj Avenue, Fairbanks, AK 99709, U S A ~ a t ~ s o n Environmentul Research Sercice, Inc.,I902 Yew Street Rd., Bellingham, W A 98226, U S A ' U . S . Encironmental Protection Agency Radiation and Indoor Encironments National Laboratory, P.O. Box 98517, La.r P'egrrs, N V 89193, U S A d ~ o s Alatnos Nationnl Laboratorj, Clzemical Science and Technology, M

20

UNKNOWN  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

(1) The contamination may be too great, (2) suitable or cost-effec- tive remediation technologies may not currently be available, (3) remediation may impose too great a risk...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Short-range tensor interaction and high-density nuclear symmetry energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of the short-range tensor interaction on the density-dependence of nuclear symmetry energy are examined by applying an approximate expression for the second-order tensor contribution to the symmetry energy derived earlier by G.E. Brown and R. Machleidt. It is found that the uncertainty in the short-range tensor force leads directly to a divergent high-density behavior of the nuclear symmetry energy.

Li, Ang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

A NEW POPULATION OF HIGH-REDSHIFT SHORT-DURATION GAMMA-RAY BURSTS E. Berger,1,2,3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A NEW POPULATION OF HIGH-REDSHIFT SHORT-DURATION GAMMA-RAY BURSTS E. Berger,1,2,3 D. B. Fox,4 P. A The redshift distribution of the short-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) is a crucial, but currently fragmentary rays: bursts Online material: color figures 1. INTRODUCTION The redshift distribution of the short

Sheppard, Scott S.

23

Tracking highly maneuverable targets with unknown behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for maneuvering target tracking,” IEEE Trans. Aerosp.converted measurements for tracking,” IEEE Trans. Aerosp.particle filters for tracking a maneuvering target,” in

Schell, C; Linder, S P; Zeidler, J R

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Lifetime measurements of high-lying short lived states in {sup 69}As  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lifetimes of high-spin states in {sup 69}As have been measured using Doppler shift attenuation technique with the GASP and RFD setup. The determined transition probabilities indicate large deformation associated with some rotational bands in this nucleus.

Matejska-Minda, M.; Bednarczyk, P.; Fornal, B.; Ciemala, M.; Kmiecik, M.; Krzysiek, M.; Maj, A.; Meczynski, W.; Myalski, S.; Styczen, J.; Zieblinski, M.; Angelis, G. de; Huyuk, T.; Michelagnoli, C.; Sahin, E.; Aydin, S.; Farnea, E.; Menegazzo, R.; Recchia, F.; Ur, C. A. [Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Krakow (Poland); INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Legnaro (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e INFN Padova (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e INFN Milano (Italy); Heavy Ion Laboratory, University of Warsaw (Poland); University of York (United Kingdom); and others

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

25

verification & Validation of High-Order Short-Characteristics-Based Deterministic Transport Methodology on Unstructured Grids  

SciTech Connect

The research team has developed a practical, high-order, discrete-ordinates, short characteristics neutron transport code for three-dimensional configurations represented on unstructured tetrahedral grids that can be used for realistic reactor physics applications at both the assembly and core levels. This project will perform a comprehensive verification and validation of this new computational tool against both a continuous-energy Monte Carlo simulation (e.g. MCNP) and experimentally measured data, an essential prerequisite for its deployment in reactor core modeling. Verification is divided into three phases. The team will first conduct spatial mesh and expansion order refinement studies to monitor convergence of the numerical solution to reference solutions. This is quantified by convergence rates that are based on integral error norms computed from the cell-by-cell difference between the code’s numerical solution and its reference counterpart. The latter is either analytic or very fine- mesh numerical solutions from independent computational tools. For the second phase, the team will create a suite of code-independent benchmark configurations to enable testing the theoretical order of accuracy of any particular discretization of the discrete ordinates approximation of the transport equation. For each tested case (i.e. mesh and spatial approximation order), researchers will execute the code and compare the resulting numerical solution to the exact solution on a per cell basis to determine the distribution of the numerical error. The final activity comprises a comparison to continuous-energy Monte Carlo solutions for zero-power critical configuration measurements at Idaho National Laboratory’s Advanced Test Reactor (ATR). Results of this comparison will allow the investigators to distinguish between modeling errors and the above- listed discretization errors introduced by the deterministic method, and to separate the sources of uncertainty.

Azmy, Yousry; Wang, Yaqi

2013-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

26

Title of Dissertation: A Search for Short Duration Very High Energy Emission from Gamma-Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of GRBs. #12;A Search for Short Duration Very High Energy Emission from Gamma-Ray Bursts by David Noyes Gamma-Ray Bursts 1 1.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 3 The Gamma-Ray Burst Search 64 3.1 Introduction

California at Santa Cruz, University of

27

In-situ short-circuit protection system and method for high-energy electrochemical cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An in-situ thermal management system for an energy storage device. The energy storage device includes a plurality of energy storage cells each being coupled in parallel to common positive and negative connections. Each of the energy storage cells, in accordance with the cell's technology, dimensions, and thermal/electrical properties, is configured to have a ratio of energy content-to-contact surface area such that thermal energy produced by a short-circuit in a particular cell is conducted to a cell adjacent the particular cell so as to prevent the temperature of the particular cell from exceeding a breakdown temperature. In one embodiment, a fuse is coupled in series with each of a number of energy storage cells. The fuses are activated by a current spike capacitively produced by a cell upon occurrence of a short-circuit in the cell, thereby electrically isolating the short-circuited cell from the common positive and negative connections.

Gauthier, Michel (La Prairie, CA); Domroese, Michael K. (South St. Paul, MN); Hoffman, Joseph A. (Minneapolis, MN); Lindeman, David D. (Hudson, WI); Noel, Joseph-Robert-Gaetan (St-Hubert, CA); Radewald, Vern E. (Austin, TX); Rouillard, Jean (Saint-Luc, CA); Rouillard, Roger (Beloeil, CA); Shiota, Toshimi (St. Bruno, CA); Trice, Jennifer L. (Eagan, MN)

2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

28

In-situ short circuit protection system and method for high-energy electrochemical cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An in-situ thermal management system for an energy storage device. The energy storage device includes a plurality of energy storage cells each being coupled in parallel to common positive and negative connections. Each of the energy storage cells, in accordance with the cell's technology, dimensions, and thermal/electrical properties, is configured to have a ratio of energy content-to-contact surface area such that thermal energy produced by a short-circuit in a particular cell is conducted to a cell adjacent the particular cell so as to prevent the temperature of the particular cell from exceeding a breakdown temperature. In one embodiment, a fuse is coupled in series with each of a number of energy storage cells. The fuses are activated by a current spike capacitively produced by a cell upon occurrence of a short-circuit in the cell, thereby electrically isolating the short-circuited cell from the common positive and negative connections.

Gauthier, Michel (La Prairie, CA); Domroese, Michael K. (South St. Paul, MN); Hoffman, Joseph A. (Minneapolis, MN); Lindeman, David D. (Hudson, WI); Noel, Joseph-Robert-Gaetan (St-Hubert, CA); Radewald, Vern E. (Austin, TX); Rouillard, Jean (Saint-Luc, CA); Rouillard, Roger (Beloeil, CA); Shiota, Toshimi (St. Bruno, CA); Trice, Jennifer L. (Eagan, MN)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Means and method for characterizing high power, ultra short laser pulses in a real time, on line manner  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultra short (<10 ps), high power laser pulse is temporally characterized by a system that uses a physical measurement of a wavefront that has been altered in a known manner. The system includes a first reflection switch to remove a portion of a pulse from a beam of pulses, then includes a second reflection switch, operating in a mode that is opposite to the first reflection switch, to slice off a portion of that removed portion. The sliced portion is then directed to a measuring device for physical measurement. The two reflection switches are arranged with respect to each other and with respect to the beam of ultra short pulses such that physical measurement of the sliced portion is related to the temporal measurement of the ultra short pulse by a geometric or trigonometric relationship. The reflection switches are operated by a control pulse that is directed to impinge on each of the reflection switches at a 90.degree. angle of incidence.

Veligdan, James T. (Manorville, NY)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Short Term Aging of Polymer Insulators: Impact of High Humidity Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For many years, EPRI has performed large scale aging tests on polymer insulators and evaluated many polymer insulators removed from service in an effort to understand what the aging factors are. EPRI has learned that a significant aging factor is corona discharge activity and has developed a test that focuses on how corona discharge activity degrades polymer insulators. This report highlights the latest development of a short-term aging test designed to assess how well a polymer insulator can ...

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

31

First Use of High Charge States for Mass Measurements of Short-Lived Nuclides in a Penning Trap  

SciTech Connect

Penning trap mass measurements of short-lived nuclides have been performed for the first time with highly charged ions, using the TITAN facility at TRIUMF. Compared to singly charged ions, this provides an improvement in experimental precision that scales with the charge state q. Neutron-deficient Rb isotopes have been charge bred in an electron beam ion trap to q=8-12+ prior to injection into the Penning trap. In combination with the Ramsey excitation scheme, this unique setup creating low energy, highly charged ions at a radioactive beam facility opens the door to unrivaled precision with gains of 1-2 orders of magnitude. The method is particularly suited for short-lived nuclides such as the superallowed {beta} emitter {sup 74}Rb (T{sub 1/2}=65 ms). The determination of its atomic mass and an improved Q{sub EC} value are presented.

Ettenauer, S.; Gallant, A. T.; Dilling, J. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A3 (Canada); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1 (Canada); Simon, M. C.; Chaudhuri, A.; Mane, E.; Delheij, P.; Pearson, M. R. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A3 (Canada); Brunner, T. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A3 (Canada); Physik Department E12, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Chowdhury, U. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A3 (Canada); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2 (Canada); Simon, V. V. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A3 (Canada); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Ruprecht-Karls-Universitaet, Heidelberg (Germany); Brodeur, M. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A3 (Canada); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1 (Canada); National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Andreoiu, C. [Department of Chemistry, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6 (Canada); Audi, G. [CSNSM-IN2P3-CNRS, Universite Paris 11, 91405 Orsay (France); Lopez-Urrutia, J. R. Crespo; Ullrich, J. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Gwinner, G. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2 (Canada); Lapierre, A. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A3 (Canada); National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab., Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Lunney, D. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A3 (Canada); CSNSM-IN2P3-CNRS, Univ. Paris 11, 91405 Orsay (France); Ringle, R. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab., Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)

2011-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

32

Means and method for characterizing high power, ultra short laser pulses in a real time, on line manner  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultra short (<10 ps), high power laser pulse is temporally characterized by a system that uses a physical measurement of a wavefront that has been altered in a known manner. The system includes a first reflection switch to remove a portion of a pulse from a beam of pulses, then includes a second reflection switch, operating in a mode that is opposite to the first reflection switch, to slice off a portion of that removed portion. The sliced portion is then directed to a measuring device for physical measurement. The two reflection switches are arranged with respect to each other and with respect to the beam of ultra short pulses such that physical measurement of the sliced portion is related to the temporal measurement of the ultra short pulse by a geometric or trigonometric relationship. The reflection switches are operated by a control pulse that is directed to impinge on each of the reflection switches at a 90[degree] angle of incidence. 8 figures.

Veligdan, J.T.

1994-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

33

Short-Term Probabilistic Forecasts of Ceiling and Visibility Utilizing High-Density Surface Weather Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An automated statistical system that utilizes regional high-density surface observations to forecast low ceiling and visibility events in the upper Midwest is presented. The system is based solely upon surface observations as predictors, ...

Stephen M. Leyton; J. Michael Fritsch

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

High-power Waveguide Dampers for the Short-Pulse X-Ray Project at the Advanced Photon Source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-power waveguide dampers have been designed and prototyped for the Short-Pulse X-ray (SPX) cavities at the Advanced Photon Source. The cavities will operate at 2.815 GHz and utilize the TM110 dipole mode. As a result, higher-order (HOM) and lower-order mode (LOM) in-vacuum dampers have been designed to satisfy the demanding broadband damping requirements in the APS storage ring. The SPX single-cell cavity consists of two WR284 waveguides for damping the HOMs and one WR284 waveguide for primarily damping the LOM where up to 2kW will be dissipated in the damping material. The damper designs and high-power experimental results will be discussed in this paper.

Waldschmidt, G J; Liu, J; Middendorf, M E; Nassiri, A; Smith, T L; Wu, G; Henry, J; Mammosser, J D; Rimmer, R A

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Qualification High Voltage Testing of Short Triax HTS Cables in the Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to qualify the electrical insulation design of future HTS cables installed in the electric grid, a number of high voltage qualification tests are generally performed in the laboratory on either single-phase model cables and/or actual three-phase cable samples. Prior to installation of the 200-m Triax HTS cable at the American Electric Power Bixby substation near Columbus, Ohio, in September, 2006, such tests were conducted on both single-phase model cables made at ORNL and tri-axial cable sections cut off from cable made on a production run. The three-phase tri-axial design provides some specific testing challenges since the ground shield and three phases are concentric about a central former with each phase separated by dielectric tape insulation immersed in liquid nitrogen. The samples were successfully tested and qualified for partial discharge inception, AC withstand, and lightning impulse where voltage is applied to one phase with the other phases grounded. In addition one of the phase pairs was tested for dc withstand as a ldquoworst caserdquo scenario to simulate the effect of VLF (Very Low Frequency) tests on the actual cable installed at the Bixby site. The model and prototype cables will be described and the high voltage test results summarized.

James, David Randy [ORNL; Sauers, Isidor [ORNL; Ellis, Alvin R [ORNL; Tuncer, Enis [ORNL; Gouge, Michael J [ORNL; Demko, Jonathan A [ORNL; Duckworth, Robert C [ORNL; Rey, Christopher M [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Gas breakdown driven by L band short-pulse high-power microwave  

SciTech Connect

High power microwave (HPM) driven gas breakdown is a major factor in limiting the radiation and transmission of HPM. A method that HPM driven gas breakdown could be obtained by changing the aperture of horn antenna is studied in this paper. Changing the effective aperture of horn antenna can adjust the electric field in near field zone, leading to gas breakdown. With this method, measurements of air and SF{sub 6} breakdowns are carried out on a magnetically insulated transmission-line oscillators, which is capable of generating HPM with pulse duration of 30 ns, and frequency of 1.74 GHz. The typical breakdown waveforms of air and SF{sub 6} are presented. Besides, the breakdown field strengths of the two gases are derived at different pressures. It is found that the effects of air and SF{sub 6} breakdown on the transmission of HPM are different: air breakdown mainly shortens the pulse width of HPM while SF{sub 6} breakdown mainly reduces the peak output power of HPM. The electric field threshold of SF{sub 6} is about 2.4 times larger than that of air. These differences suggest that gas properties have a great effect on the transmission characteristic of HPM in gases.

Yang Yiming; Yuan Chengwei; Qian Baoliang [College of Optoelectronic Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

37

THE LONG AND THE SHORT OF THE HIGH-ENERGY EMISSION IN GRB090926A: AN EXTERNAL SHOCK  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) emission from a reverse shock has been suggested as the origin for the high-energy component lasting 2 s in the prompt phase of GRB98080923. The model describes spectral indices, fluxes, and the duration of the high-energy component as well as a long keV tail present in the prompt phase of GRB980923. Here, we present an extension of this model to describe the high-energy emission of GRB090926A. We argue that the emission consists of two components, one with a duration less than 1 s during the prompt phase, and a second, longer-lasting GeV phase lasting hundred of seconds after the prompt phase. The short high-energy phase can be described as SSC emission from a reverse shock similar to that observed in GRB980923, while the longer component arises from the forward shock. The main assumption is that the jet is magnetized and evolves in the thick-shell case, and the calculated fluxes and break energies are all consistent with the observed values. A comparison between the resulting parameters obtained for GRB980923 and GRB090926A suggests differences in burst tails that could be attributable to the circumburst medium, and this could account for previous analyses reported in the literature for other bursts. We find that the density of the surrounding medium inferred from the observed values associated with the forward shock agrees with standard values for host galaxies such as the one associated with GRB090926A.

Sacahui, J. R.; Fraija, N.; Gonzalez, M. M.; Lee, W. H., E-mail: jsacahui@astro.unam.mx, E-mail: nifraija@astro.unam.mx, E-mail: magda@astro.unam.mx, E-mail: wlee@astro.unam.mx [Instituto de Astronomia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apdo. Postal 70-264, Cd. Universitaria, Mexico DF 04510 (Mexico)

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

38

Feasibility of producing a short, high energy s-band linear accelerator using a klystron power source  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To use a finite-element method (FEM) model to study the feasibility of producing a short s-band (2.9985 GHz) waveguide capable of producing x-rays energies up to 10 MV, for applications in a linac-MR, as well as conventional radiotherapy. Methods: An existing waveguide FEM model developed by the authors' group is used to simulate replacing the magnetron power source with a klystron. Peak fields within the waveguide are compared with a published experimental threshold for electric breakdown. The RF fields in the first accelerating cavity are scaled, approximating the effect of modifications to the first coupling cavity. Electron trajectories are calculated within the RF fields, and the energy spectrum, beam current, and focal spot of the electron beam are analyzed. One electron spectrum is selected for Monte Carlo simulations and the resulting PDD compared to measurement. Results: When the first cavity fields are scaled by a factor of 0.475, the peak magnitude of the electric fields within the waveguide are calculated to be 223.1 MV/m, 29% lower than the published threshold for breakdown at this operating frequency. Maximum electron energy increased from 6.2 to 10.4 MeV, and beam current increased from 134 to 170 mA. The focal spot FWHM is decreased slightly from 0.07 to 0.05 mm, and the width of the energy spectrum increased slightly from 0.44 to 0.70 MeV. Monte Carlo results show d{sub max} is at 2.15 cm for a 10 Multiplication-Sign 10 cm{sup 2} field, compared with 2.3 cm for a Varian 10 MV linac, while the penumbral widths are 4.8 and 5.6 mm, respectively. Conclusions: The authors' simulation results show that a short, high-energy, s-band accelerator is feasible and electric breakdown is not expected to interfere with operation at these field strengths. With minor modifications to the first coupling cavity, all electron beam parameters are improved.

Baillie, Devin [Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Aubin, J. St. [Department of Medical Physics, Cross Cancer Institute, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Fallone, B. G. [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, 11322-89 Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G7 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Cross Cancer Institute, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Steciw, S. [Department of Medical Physics, Cross Cancer Institute, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

39

Short Courses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The materials presented in this short course are based on the Summer School for Integrated Computational Materials Education, held at the University of ...

40

An Investigation of the Short-Term Predictability of Precipitation Using High-Resolution Composite Radar Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The short-term predictability of precipitation patterns observed by meteorological radar is an important concept as it establishes a means to characterize precipitation and provides an upper limit on the extent of useful nowcasting. Predictability ...

Evan Ruzanski; V. Chandrasekar

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Short-Crack Response of Alloy 182 Weld Metal Undergoing Stress Corrosion Cracking in High-Temperature PWR Primary Water  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mechanistic investigations of environmentally assisted cracking (EAC), to date, have focused more on propagation relative to initiation. At the same time, components spend most of their life in the initiation and "short-crack" growth regimes. Prior exploratory work conducted at General Electric Global Research Center (GE GRC) showed that stainless steels, Alloy 600, and Alloy 182 weld metal exhibit lower average growth rates when the cracks are very short or small (1050 m). In those tests, the transition...

2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

42

Adding control to arbitrary unknown quantum operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While quantum computers promise significant advantages, the complexity of quantum algorithms remains a major technological obstacle. We have developed and demonstrated an architecture-independent technique that simplifies adding control qubits to arbitrary quantum operations-a requirement in many quantum algorithms, simulations and metrology. The technique is independent of how the operation is done, does not require knowledge of what the operation is, and largely separates the problems of how to implement a quantum operation in the laboratory and how to add a control. We demonstrate an entanglement-based version in a photonic system, realizing a range of different two-qubit gates with high fidelity.

Xiao-Qi Zhou; Timothy C. Ralph; Pruet Kalasuwan; Mian Zhang; Alberto Peruzzo; Benjamin P. Lanyon; Jeremy L. O'Brien

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

43

High Statistics Study of Nearby Type 1a Supernovae. QUEST Camera Short Term Maintenance: Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect

The Quest Camera was installed at the Palomar Obervatory in California. The camera was used to carry out a survey of low redshift Type 1a supernovae.The purpose of this DOE grant was to perform short term maintenance on the QUEST camera.

Baltay, Charles

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

44

Property:Plants with Unknown Planned Capacity | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plants with Unknown Planned Capacity Plants with Unknown Planned Capacity Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Plants with Unknown Planned Capacity Property Type String Description Number of plants with unknown planned capacity per GEA Pages using the property "Plants with Unknown Planned Capacity" Showing 21 pages using this property. A Alaska Geothermal Region + 1 + C Cascades Geothermal Region + 2 + Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region + 9 + G Gulf of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region + 4 + H Hawaii Geothermal Region + 0 + Holocene Magmatic Geothermal Region + 0 + I Idaho Batholith Geothermal Region + 1 + N Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region + 11 + Northern Rockies Geothermal Region + 0 + Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region + 9 + R Rio Grande Rift Geothermal Region + 1 +

45

System for identifying known materials within a mixture of unknowns  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

One or both of two methods and systems are used to determine concentration of a known material in an unknown mixture on the basis of the measured interaction of electromagnetic waves upon the mixture. One technique is to utilize a multivariate analysis patch technique to develop a library of optimized patches of spectral signatures of known materials containing only those pixels most descriptive of the known materials by an evolutionary algorithm. Identity and concentration of the known materials within the unknown mixture is then determined by minimizing the residuals between the measurements from the library of optimized patches and the measurements from the same pixels from the unknown mixture. Another technique is to train a neural network by the genetic algorithm to determine the identity and concentration of known materials in the unknown mixture. The two techniques may be combined into an expert system providing cross checks for accuracy. 37 figs.

Wagner, J.S.

1999-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

46

The feasibility and profitability of short season corn and sorghum cropping systems on the Texas High Plains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies of experimental cropping systems were conducted at the TAES-USDA Conservation and Production Research Field at Bushland, TX and at the North Plains Research Field near Etter, TX. The study at Bushland was fully irrigated using flood irrigation in level plots with raised borders. The study at Etter was conducted as limited irrigation using sprinkler irrigation equipped with a low energy precision application (LEPA) system. The four experimental cropping systems utilized a 98-day short season corn cultivar (SSC), a 100-day short season sorghum cultivar (SSS), and winter wheat grazed-grain (Wht Grz-Grn) and grain only. The cropping systems were evaluated in terms of attainable yields, irrigation water use, profitability, and feasibility. Conventional cropping systems of continuous full season corn (FSC), continuous full season sorghum (FSS), and continuous wheat grazed-grain and grain only were also included in the study. Compared to conventional cropping systems, the experimental cropping systems did not reduce irrigation, but profitability was increased. The rotation of SSC/Wht/SSS with wheat grazed or non-grazed, was consistently the most profitable rotation under full and limited irrigation. Profitability was obtained by increasing total revenue through improved yields of SSC in rotation with wheat and sorghum when compared to yields of SSC in continuous rotation, by obtaining higher market prices for early harvested SSC, and by realizing the opportunity to graze and obtain grain from wheat planted after SSC. Input costs were reduced by decreased fertilizer, insecticide, and irrigation applications and by reduced to no-tillage operations. Peak irrigation demands were spread more evenly throughout the year, and irrigation scheduling became less critical for optimum yields. Experimental rotations increased management and labor requirements. A greater diversity of machinery was also necessary. Timing of harvesting one crop and planting the next became critical in determining whether a rotation was profitable. The experimental rotation SSC/Wht Grz was not profitable and used the greatest amount of irrigation water. Conventional cropping systems of continuous FSS and continuous Wht Grz-Grn reduced irrigation compared to continuous FSC and all experimental rotations while maintaining profitability.

Vagts, Todd Anthony

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Power Flow Management in a High Penetration Wind-Diesel Hybrid Power System with Short-Term Energy Storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is intended as an introduction to some of the control challenges faced by developers of high penetration wind-diesel systems, with a focus on the management of power flows in order to achieve precise regulation of frequency and voltage in the face of rapidly varying wind power input and load conditions. The control algorithms presented herein are being implemented in the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) high penetration wind-diesel system controller that will be installed in the village of Wales, Alaska, in early 2000.

Drouilhet, S. M.

1999-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

48

Image reconstruction for high-sensitivity imaging by using combined long/short exposure type single-chip image sensor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a image reconstruction method and a sensor for high-sensitivity imaging using long-term exposed green pixels over several frames. As a result of extending the exposure time of green pixels, motion blur increases. We use motion information ...

Sanzo Ugawa; Takeo Azuma; Taro Imagawa; Yusuke Okada

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Nonlinear adaptive control for bioreactors with unknown kinetics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a control problem for a single bioreaction occurring in a continuous and well-mixed bioreactor, assuming that the bioreaction's kinetics is not represented by a validated model. We develop a nonlinear controller and prove the global asymptotic ... Keywords: Continuous bioprocesses, Nonlinear adaptive control, Unknown kinetics, Wastewater treatment

Ludovic Mailleret; Olivier Bernard; Jean-Philippe Steyer

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Online Pricing of Secondary Spectrum Access with Unknown Demand Function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-of-the-day arrival rate trends. The simulations showed that AMTP closely tracks the time-varying optimal price1 Online Pricing of Secondary Spectrum Access with Unknown Demand Function Huseyin Mutlu, Murat while SUs are admitted and priced according to current availability of excess spectrum. The average rate

Starobinski, David

51

Photometric Stereo with General, Unknown Lighting Ronen Basri  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and distant from the object but otherwise unconstrained. Lighting in each image may be an unknown that are approximately Lambertian, and assume that lights are relatively distant and isotropic (no cast shadows or slide a preliminary assessment of them using controlled images. It is a subject of future work to explore these more

Jacobs, David

52

C. Alan Short  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alan Short Alan Short Professor of Architecture University of Cambridge cas64@cam.ac.uk This speaker was a visiting speaker who delivered a talk or talks on the date(s) shown at the links below. This speaker is not otherwise associated with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, unless specifically identified as a Berkeley Lab staff member. C. Alan Short's practice has also won the first 'High Architecture, Low Energy Award' (Architecture Today) 1995; 'Green Building of the Year' (The Independent) 1995; H.J. Dyos Award 1996, 'Building of the Year Award' (Building Magazine) 2000, Society of College, National and University Librarians (SCONUL) 'Best Academic Library Award' 1998-2003 and also in 2008; CIBSE 'Project of the Year' 2003 & 2004; RIBA Awards 1996, 2000.

53

DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS FOR LOW FIELD SHORT PHOTO-INJECTED RF ELECTRON GUN WITH HIGH CHARGE ELECTRON BUNCH.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The RF field and space charge effect in a low field RF gun is given. The cell lengths are modified to have maximum accelerating efficiency. The modification introduces an extra RF field slice emittance. The phase space evolution of the following emittance compensation system is presented taking into account the chromatic effect. The emittance compensation mechanics for RF field and chromatic effect induced emittance is similar to that of compensating the space charge induced emittance. But the requirements are different to have best compensation for them. The beam waist is far in front of linac entrance to have best compensation for the RF field and chromatic effect induced emittance. For low field RF gun with high charge electron bunch this compensation is more important.

CHANG,X.; BEN-ZVI,I.; KEWISCH,J.

2004-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

54

Short range micro-power impulse radar with high resolution swept range gate with damped transmit and receive cavities  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radar range finder and hidden object locator is based on ultra-wide band radar with a high resolution swept range gate. The device generates an equivalent time amplitude scan with atypical range of 4 inches to 20 feet, and an analog range resolution as limited by a jitter of on the order of 0.01 inches. A differential sampling receiver is employed to effectively eliminate ringing and other aberrations induced in the receiver by the near proximity of the transmit antenna, so a background subtraction is not needed, simplifying the circuitry while improving performance. Uses of the invention include a replacement of ultrasound devices for fluid level sensing, automotive radar, such as cruise control and parking assistance, hidden object location, such as stud and rebar finding. Also, this technology can be used when positioned over a highway lane to collect vehicle count and speed data for traffic control. Techniques are used to reduce clutter in the receive signal, such as decoupling the receive and transmit cavities by placing a space between them, using conductive or radiative damping elements on the cavities, and using terminating plates on the sides of the openings. 20 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1998-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

55

Application of Categorical Exclusions (1021.410) Disagree Agree Unknown  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 Checklist for Categorical Exclusion Determination, revised Nov. 2011 Application of Categorical Exclusions (1021.410) Disagree Agree Unknown (b)(1) The proposal fits within a class of actions that is listed in appendix A or B to subpart D. X (b)(2) There are no extraordinary circumstances related to the proposal that may affect the significance of the environmental effects of the proposal, including, but not limited to, scientific controversy about the environmental effects of the proposal; uncertain effects or effects involving unique or unknown risks; and unresolved conflicts concerting alternate uses of available resources X (b)(3) The proposal has not been segmented to meet the definition of a categorical exclusion. Segmentation can occur when a proposal is

56

Success probabilities for universal unambiguous discriminators between unknown pure states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A universal programmable discriminator can perform the discrimination between two unknown states, and the optimal solution can be approached via the discrimination between the two averages over the uniformly distributed unknown input pure states, which has been widely discussed in previous works. In this paper, we consider the success probabilities of the optimal universal programmable unambiguous discriminators when applied to the pure input states. More precisely, the analytic results of the success probabilities are derived with the expressions of the optimal measurement operators for the universal discriminators and we find that the success probabilities have nothing to do with the dimension d while the amounts of the copies in the two program registers are equal. The success probability of programmable unambiguous discriminator can asymptoticly approach to that of usual unambiguous discrimination (state comparison) as the number of copies in program registers (data register) goes to infinity.

Tao Zhou

2013-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

57

Interferometric distillation and determination of unknown two-qubit entanglement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a scheme for both distilling and quantifying entanglement, applicable to individual copies of an arbitrary unknown two-qubit state. It is realized in a usual two-qubit interferometry with local filtering. Proper filtering operation for the maximal distillation of the state is achieved by erasing single-qubit interference, and then the concurrence of the state is determined directly from the visibilities of two-qubit interference. We compare the scheme with full state tomography.

Lee, S.-S. B.; Sim, H.-S. [Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

58

Electrical Resistivity Imaging for Unknown Bridge Foundation Depth Determination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unknown bridge foundations pose a significant safety risk due to stream scour and erosion. Records from older structures may be non-existent, incomplete, or incorrect. Nondestructive and inexpensive geophysical methods have been identified as suitable to investigate unknown bridge foundations. The objective of the present study is to apply advanced 2D electrical resistivity imaging (ERI) in order to identify depth of unknown bridge foundations. A survey procedure is carried out in mixed terrain water and land environments with rough topography. A conventional resistivity survey procedure is used with the electrodes installed on the stream banks. However, some electrodes must be adapted for underwater use. Tests were conducted in one laboratory experimentation and at five field experimentations located at three roadway bridges, a geotechnical test site, and a railway bridge. The first experimentation was at the bridges with the smallest foundations, later working up in size to larger drilled shafts and spread footings. Both known to unknown foundations were investigated. The geotechnical test site is used as an experimental site for 2D and 3D ERI. The data acquisition is carried out along 2D profile with a linear array in the dipole-dipole configuration. The data collections have been carried out using electrodes deployed directly across smaller foundations. Electrodes are deployed in proximity to larger foundations to image them from the side. The 2D ERI can detect the presence of a bridge foundation but is unable to resolve its precise shape and depth. Increasing the spatial extent of the foundation permits better image of its shape and depth. Using electrode < 1 m to detect a slender foundation < 1 m in diameter is not feasible. The 2D ERI method that has been widely used for land surface surveys presently can be adapted effectively in water-covered environments. The method is the most appropriate geophysical method for determination of unknown bridge foundations. Fully 3D ERI method at bridge sites is labor intensive, time consuming, and does not add enough value over 2D ERI to make it worthwhile.

Arjwech, Rungroj

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Host suppression and bioinformatics for sequence-based characterization of unknown pathogens.  

SciTech Connect

Bioweapons and emerging infectious diseases pose formidable and growing threats to our national security. Rapid advances in biotechnology and the increasing efficiency of global transportation networks virtually guarantee that the United States will face potentially devastating infectious disease outbreaks caused by novel ('unknown') pathogens either intentionally or accidentally introduced into the population. Unfortunately, our nation's biodefense and public health infrastructure is primarily designed to handle previously characterized ('known') pathogens. While modern DNA assays can identify known pathogens quickly, identifying unknown pathogens currently depends upon slow, classical microbiological methods of isolation and culture that can take weeks to produce actionable information. In many scenarios that delay would be costly, in terms of casualties and economic damage; indeed, it can mean the difference between a manageable public health incident and a full-blown epidemic. To close this gap in our nation's biodefense capability, we will develop, validate, and optimize a system to extract nucleic acids from unknown pathogens present in clinical samples drawn from infected patients. This system will extract nucleic acids from a clinical sample, amplify pathogen and specific host response nucleic acid sequences. These sequences will then be suitable for ultra-high-throughput sequencing (UHTS) carried out by a third party. The data generated from UHTS will then be processed through a new data assimilation and Bioinformatic analysis pipeline that will allow us to characterize an unknown pathogen in hours to days instead of weeks to months. Our methods will require no a priori knowledge of the pathogen, and no isolation or culturing; therefore it will circumvent many of the major roadblocks confronting a clinical microbiologist or virologist when presented with an unknown or engineered pathogen.

Branda, Steven S.; Lane, Todd W.; Misra, Milind; Meagher, Robert J.; Patel, Kamlesh D.; Kaiser, Julia N.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

PHYLOGENOMICS - GUIDED VALIDATION OF FUNCTION FOR CONSERVED UNKNOWN GENES  

SciTech Connect

Identifying functions for all gene products in all sequenced organisms is a central challenge of the post-genomic era. However, at least 30-50% of the proteins encoded by any given genome are of unknown function, or wrongly or vaguely annotated. Many of these 'unknown' proteins are common to prokaryotes and plants. We accordingly set out to predict and experimentally test the functions of such proteins. Our approach to functional prediction is integrative, coupling the extensive post-genomic resources available for plants with comparative genomics based on hundreds of microbial genomes, and functional genomic datasets from model microorganisms. The early phase is computer-assisted; later phases incorporate intellectual input from expert plant and microbial biochemists. The approach thus bridges the gap between automated homology-based annotations and the classical gene discovery efforts of experimentalists, and is much more powerful than purely computational approaches to identifying gene-function associations. Among Arabidopsis genes, we focused on those (2,325 in total) that (i) are unique or belong to families with no more than three members, (ii) are conserved between plants and prokaryotes, and (iii) have unknown or poorly known functions. Computer-assisted selection of promising targets for deeper analysis was based on homology .. independent characteristics associated in the SEED database with the prokaryotic members of each family, specifically gene clustering and phyletic spread, as well as availability of functional genomics data, and publications that could link candidate families to general metabolic areas, or to specific functions. In-depth comparative genomic analysis was then performed for about 500 top candidate families, which connected ~55 of them to general areas of metabolism and led to specific functional predictions for a subset of ~25 more. Twenty predicted functions were experimentally tested in at least one prokaryotic organism via reverse genetics, metabolic profiling, functional complementation, and recombinant protein biochemistry. Our approach predicted and validated functions for 10 formerly uncharacterized protein families common to plants and prokaryotes; none of these functions had previously been correctly predicted by computational methods. The functions of five more are currently being validated. Experimental testing of diverse representatives of these families combined with in silica analysis allowed accurate projection of the annotations to hundreds more sequenced genomes.

V, DE CRECY-LAGARD; D, HANSON A

2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Short Course Agricultural Microscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Short Course in Agricultural Microscopy. Fargo North Dakota held June 13-16 2011. Sponsored by the Agricultural Microscopy Division of AOCS and the Great Plains Institute of Food Safety. Short Course Agricultural Microscopy Short Courses ...

62

Simulated NMIS Imaging Data for an Unknown Object  

SciTech Connect

This report presents simulated Nuclear Materials Identification System (NMIS) imaging data for an unclassified object, whose characteristics are initially unknown to the reader. This data will be used to test various analysis capabilities and was created with a simple deterministic ray-tracing algorithm. NMIS is a time-dependent coincidence counting system that is used to characterize both fissile and non-fissile materials undergoing nondestructive assay. NMIS characterizes materials by interrogating them with neutrons, either from an associated-particle deuterium-tritium (DT) neutron generator, which produces a time and directionally tagged monoenergetic beam of 14.1 MeV neutrons, or a time-tagged spontaneous fission source in an ionization chamber.

Walker, Mark E [ORNL; Mihalczo, John T [ORNL

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Remote implementation of partially unknown operations and its entanglement costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the generalized version of Wang's protocol[A.M.Wang, Phys.Rev.A 74,032317 (2006)] for the remote implementation(sometimes referred to as quantum remote control) of partially unknown quantum operations. The protocol only requires no more than half of the entanglements used in Bidirectional Quantum State Teleportation. We also propose a protocol for another form of quantum remote control. It can remotely implement a unitary operation which is a combination of the projective representations of a group. Moreover, we prove that the Schmidt rank of the entanglements cannot not be less than the number of controlled parameters of the operations, which for the first time gives a lower bound on entanglement costs in remote implementation of quantum operations.

Shu-Hui Luo; An-Min Wang

2013-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

64

Photoionization of hydrogen atom by coherent intense high-frequency short laser pulses: Direct propagation of electron wave packets on enormous spatial grids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The time-dependent Schr\\"{o}dinger equation for the hydrogen atom and its interaction with coherent intense high-frequency short laser pulses is solved numerically exactly by employing the code implemented for the multi-configurational time-dependent Hartree-Fock (MCTDHF) method. Thereby, the wavefunction is followed in space and time for times longer than the pulse duration. Results are explicitly shown for 3 and 10 fs pulses. Particular attention is paid to identifying the effect of dynamic interference of photoelectrons emitted with the same kinetic energy at different times during the rising and falling sides of the pulse predicted in [\\emph{Ph.V. Demekhin and L.S. Cederbaum}, Phys. Rev. Lett. \\textbf{108}, 253001 (2012)]. In order to be able to see the dynamic interference pattern in the computed electron spectra, the photoelectron wave packet has to be propagated over long distances. Clearly, complex absorption potentials often employed to compute spectra of emitted particles cannot be used to detect dy...

Demekhin, Philipp V; Cederbaum, Lorenz S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Fish, Omega 3 and Human Health, 2nd EditionChapter 12 Maps and the Unknown  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fish, Omega 3 and Human Health, 2nd Edition Chapter 12 Maps and the Unknown Health Omega 3 eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Nutrition Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 12 Maps and the Unknown from the

66

A Flexible Approach to Reassembling Thin Artifacts of Unknown Geometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

remarkably well with NBTI simulations. Since D increases with time, the degradation becomes faster as D/W://public.itrs.net [15] A. K. O. Jeppson and C. M. Svensson, "Negative bias of MOS devices at high electric fields

Nishino, Ko

67

Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(83/3Q) (83/3Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook iuarterly Projections August 1983 Energy Information Administration Washington, D.C. 20585 t rt jrt- .ort- iort- iort- iort- nort- lort- '.ort- ort- Tt- .-m .erm -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term Term .-Term -Term xrm Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy ^nergy -OJ.UUK Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term

68

Assay of Drums with Unknown Content Stored in 247-41F  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Analytical Development Section of Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC) was requested by the Facilities Decontamination and Decommissioning Program (FDD) to determine the radionuclide content in two drums that were stored in an inactive warehouse of the Naval Fuels facility. The drums were labeled as containing fissile material and were placed in a critically safe arrangement, but it was not known whether they still contained the fissile material. Our g-PHA assay results indicate that the unknown highly enriched uranium (HEU) content of the two drums is one and 0.5 grams of surface contamination. Our neutron measurements confirmed that there are no significant lumps of 235U present in these drums and that only surface contamination is present. The results confirmed that the facility was in compliance with administrative controls for fissile materials and that it is safe to open the drums for visual inspection.

Dewberry, R.

2002-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

69

NIST Radiation Thermometry Short Course  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Radiation Thermometry Short Course. ... 2012 NIST Radiation Thermometry Short Course October 15-19, 2012 NIST Gaithersburg, Maryland. ...

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

KELT-1b: A STRONGLY IRRADIATED, HIGHLY INFLATED, SHORT PERIOD, 27 JUPITER-MASS COMPANION TRANSITING A MID-F STAR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the discovery of KELT-1b, the first transiting low-mass companion from the wide-field Kilodegree Extremely Little Telescope-North (KELT-North) transit survey. A joint analysis of the spectroscopic, radial velocity, and photometric data indicates that the V = 10.7 primary is a mildly evolved mid-F star with T{sub eff} = 6516 {+-} 49 K, log g 4.228{sup +0.014}{sub -0.021}, and [Fe/H] = 0.052 {+-} 0.079, with an inferred mass M{sub *} = 1.335 {+-} 0.063 M{sub Sun} and radius R{sub *} 1.471{sup +0.045}{sub -0.035} R{sub Sun }. The companion is a low-mass brown dwarf or a super-massive planet with mass M{sub P} = 27.38 {+-} 0.93 M{sub Jup} and radius R{sub P} = 1.116{sup +0.038}{sub -0.029} R{sub Jup}. The companion is on a very short ({approx}29 hr) period circular orbit, with an ephemeris T{sub c} (BJD{sub TDB}) = 2455909.29280 {+-} 0.00023 and P = 1.217501 {+-} 0.000018 days. KELT-1b receives a large amount of stellar insolation, resulting in an estimated equilibrium temperature assuming zero albedo and perfect redistribution of T{sub eq} = 2423{sup +34}{sub -27} K. Comparison with standard evolutionary models suggests that the radius of KELT-1b is likely to be significantly inflated. Adaptive optics imaging reveals a candidate stellar companion to KELT-1 with a separation of 588 {+-} 1 mas, which is consistent with an M dwarf if it is at the same distance as the primary. Rossiter-McLaughlin measurements during transit imply a projected spin-orbit alignment angle {lambda} = 2 {+-} 16 deg, consistent with a zero obliquity for KELT-1. Finally, the vsin I{sub *} = 56 {+-} 2 km s{sup -1} of the primary is consistent at {approx}2{sigma} with tidal synchronization. Given the extreme parameters of the KELT-1 system, we expect it to provide an important testbed for theories of the emplacement and evolution of short-period companions, as well as theories of tidal dissipation and irradiated brown dwarf atmospheres.

Siverd, Robert J.; Pepper, Joshua; Stassun, Keivan G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Beatty, Thomas G.; Scott Gaudi, B. [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 W. 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Eastman, Jason D.; Street, Rachel; Fulton, Benjamin J. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, 6740 Cortona Drive, Suite 102, Santa Barbara, CA 93117 (United States); Collins, Karen [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292 (United States); Bieryla, Allyson; Latham, David W.; Berlind, Perry; Calkins, Michael L.; Esquerdo, Gilbert A.; Furesz, Gabor; Geary, John C. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Buchhave, Lars A. [Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries vej 30, DK-21S00 Copenhagen (Denmark); Jensen, Eric L. N. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, PA 19081 (United States); Crepp, Justin R. [Department of Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); DePoy, D. L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States); and others

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

71

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.elsevier.com/locate/paid Mediation of the effects of the big five personality dimensions on negative mood and confirmed affective expectations by perceived situational stress: A quasi-field study of vacationers

Avi Besser A; Todd K. Shackelford B

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A comparison of delayed radiobiological effects of depleted–uranium munitions versus fourth–generation nuclear weapons

André Gsponer; Jean-pierre Hurni; Bruno Vitale

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A comprehensive detailed chemical kinetic reaction mechanism for combustion of n?alkane hydrocarbons from n?octane to n?hexadecane

Charles K. Westbrook A; William J. Pitz A; Olivier Herbinet A; Henry J. Curran A; Emma J. Silke A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Newsletter is created by the National Energy Technology Laboratory and represents a summary of carbon sequestration news covering the past month. Readers are referred to the actual article(s) for complete information. It is produced by the National Energy Technology

unknown authors

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By solving the right reflection equation proposed in reference[16] to describe the Z = 0 giant graviton branes, we obtain a boundary matrix with two free parameters for the AdS/CFT SU(1|1) spin chain.

Qingyong Lin; Guangliang Li; Yufei Huang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A re-evaluation of the role of killer whales Orcinus orca in a population decline of sea otters Enhydra lutris in the Aleutian Islands and a review of alternative hypothesesmam_156 1..22

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.elsevier.com/locate/jcp Neighbor list collision-driven molecular dynamics simulation for nonspherical hard particles. I. Algorithmic details

Ar Donev A; Salvatore Torquato A; Frank H. Stillinger C

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Embeddings of the braid groups of covering spaces, classification of the finite subgroups of the braid groups of the real projective plane, and linearity of braid groups of low-genus surfaces

John Guaschi; Cep São; Paulo Sp Brazil

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The individual actions that lead to maintenance incidents often reflect local conditions present in the workplace at the time of the action. Such conditions include: time pressure, fatigue, equipment deficiencies, teamwork, and group norms. Accurately identifying the nature of an error and the local conditions that prompted it is a critical step toward identifying how the system can be improved to prevent the problem from occurring again. Originally referred to as ‘defenses ’ by James Reason, risk controls are features put in place to manage hazards in the workplace. There are two main types of risk controls related to maintenance error – preventative risk controls and recovery risk controls. Preventative risk controls are intended to reduce the chance of unwanted events such as human error. Examples of preventative risk controls are training, task qualifications, or components designed to prevent incorrect installation. Recovery risk controls are designed to detect and recover from a dangerous situation once it has started to develop. Functional checks and duplicate inspections are examples of procedures designed to detect maintenance errors. Although maintenance occurrences usually involve errors made by technicians, investigations of aviation maintenance events also identify organizational-level factors such as: training and qualification systems; the allocation of resources; and the cultural or value systems that permeate the organization. Although they are unwanted events, errors are valuable opportunities to identify needed improvements and implement changes.

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stream molecules. These include members of the JAK family of non-receptor kinases and a latent transcription factor, acute phase response factor or signal transducer and activator of transcription factor 3 (APRF/STAT 3) (9, 10). The gp130 signal transducer mediates biological effects exerted not only by IL-11, but also IL-6, oncostatin M (OSM), leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), and cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) (11, 12). Several lines of evidence suggest that IL-11 is an important osteotropic factor. IL-11 receptor transcripts are present in chondroblastic and osteoblastic progenitor cells during mouse embryogenesis (13). IL-11 itself is produced by human osteosarcoma SaOs-2 cells (14), and Girasole et al. (15) showed that IL-11 dose-dependently stimulated osteoclastlike multinucleated cell (OCL) formation in cocultures of

unknown authors

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mstockstill on DSKH9S0YB1PROD with NOTICES Act applicable to registered entities. Further, the obligations, requirements and timetables prescribed in Commission rule 36.3(c)(4) governing core principle compliance by the IntercontinentalExchange, Inc., are not applicable to the NGPL TxOk Financial Basis contract with the issuance of this Order. This Order is based on the representations made to the Commission by the IntercontinentalExchange, Inc., dated

Billing Code P

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

doi:10.1093/molehr/gah205 Splice variants of the relaxin and INSL3 receptors reveal unanticipated molecular complexity

Marco Muda; Chaomei He; Paolo G. V. Martini; Tania Ferraro; Sharon Layfield; Deanne Taylor; Colette Chevrier; Rene Schweickhardt; Christie Kelton; Peter L. Ryan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cases of rubella were notified in five municipalities in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Eight cases were laboratoryconfirmed by positive IgM against rubella virus*. Four virus isolates were obtained and identified as genotype 2B strains, with one isolate differing by a single mutation in the region of the E1 gene. This ongoing outbreak revealed gaps in the immunisation programme during the war in BiH (1992-1995) and highlights the need to revise legislation to permit immunisation of children above 14 years of age with measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine and to introduce supplemental immunisation activities.

A Novo; Who Country Office For Bosnia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.elsevier.com/locate/bbagen IpaD is localized at the tip of the Shigella flexneri type III secretion apparatus

Musa Sani A; Anne Botteaux; Claude Parsot; Egbert J. Boekema A; Abdelmounaaïm Allaoui

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Key Words: India’s higher education sector, reforms in education, financing of India’s Education, Quality assurance in education, funding of higher education, regulating higher education The views expressed in the ICRIER Working Paper Series are those of the author and do not necessarily

Pawan Agarwal; Pawan Agarwal

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding temporal and spatial patterns of in-stream temperature can provide useful information to managing future impacts of climate change on these systems. This study will compare temporal patterns and spatial variability of headwater in-stream temperature in six catchments in the piedmont of North Carolina in two different geological regions, Carolina slate belt and Triassic basin. The NC Neuse River Buffer Rules were established in the 1990s to protect nutrient sensitive waters through maintaining and protecting existing buffers. These buffers can also moderate diurnal fluctuations and stream temperature maximums. In October 2007 six catchments ranging from 12 to 46 hectares (i.e., four on Hill Demonstration Forest and two on Umstead Research Farm) with perennial stream channels were outfitted with stream discharge, meteorological and water temperature monitoring equipment. There were similarities in winter and summer daily maximum stream temperature and mean diurnal fluctuations within the paired and larger watersheds. However, the winter and summer water temperature patterns varied significantly between geological regions. There were smaller ranges in summer diurnal fluctuations (e.g., 0.4 o C to 2.0 o C) compared to winter fluctuations (e.g., 0.3 o C to 4.7 o C) in all watersheds, suggesting that the trees along the riparian buffers are moderating the affects of air temperature on water temperature by reducing wide fluctuations in temperature. A regression model predicted that a 2 o C increase in daily maximum air temperature would increase daily maximum water temperature 0.6 o C to 1.0 o C in the winter and 0.2 o C to 0.8 o C in the summer between watersheds.

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Developing and running Tcl scripts to control the Altera ® Quartus ® II software allows you to perform a wide range of functions, such as compiling a design or writing procedures to automate common tasks. You can use Tcl scripts to manage a Quartus II project, make assignments, define

Tcl Scripting

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Developing and running Tcl scripts to control the Altera ® Quartus ® II software allows you to perform a wide range of functions, such as compiling a design or writing procedures to automate common tasks. You can use Tcl scripts to manage a Quartus II project, make assignments, define

Tcl Scripting

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutral interstellar hydrogen in the inner heliosphere under influence of wavelength-dependent solar radiation pressure

S. Tarnopolski; M. Bzowski

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combustion chemical kinetics of biodiesel and related compounds (methyl and ethyl esters): Experiments and modeling – Advances and future refinements

Lucie Coniglio; Hayet Bennadji; Pierre Alex; Re Glaude; Olivier Herbinet; Francis Billaud

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PPL Electric is a public utility company organized under the laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of PPL Corporation. PPL Electric owns transmission and distribution facilities located within PJM and currently serves approximately 1.4 million customers in 29 counties in eastern and central Pennsylvania. PPL Electric’s transmission system consists of approximately 5,000 miles of transmission lines and covers a service territory of approximately 10,000 square miles. PPL Electric is also the default supplier for retail customers within its service territory under Pennsylvania’s Electricity Generation Customer Choice and Competition Act, 66 Pa.C.S. § 2801, et seq. PPL Electric and its predecessors have been members of the PJM Regional Transmission Organization and its predecessor organizations since 1927. As such, PJM directs the operation of PPL Electric’s transmission facilities pursuant to the PJM Consolidated Transmission Owners Agreement. PJM provides transmission service over PPL Electric’s transmission facilities to customers under the PJM Tariff. PJM is divided into several different transmission zones and the annual transmission revenue requirement (“ATRR”) for each transmission zone is reflected in Attachment H of the PJM Tariff. The ATRR for each zone is used to establish rates for network and point-to-point transmission service within each zone and Transmission Enhancement Charges (“TECs”) pursuant to Schedules 12 and 12–Appendix of the PJM Tariff. PPL Electric currently recovers its transmission cost of service through a stated rate that is set forth in Schedules 7 and 8 and Attachment H-8 of the PJM Tariff, which establish, respectively, the point-to-point transmission rates for delivery to the PPL Group Zone 2 and the Network Integration Transmission Service (“NITS”) rates in the PPL Group Zone. PPL Electric shares the PPL Group Zone with UGI Utilities, Inc. (“UGI”), which recovers its ATRR through a formula rate, and Allegheny Electric Cooperative (“AEC”), which recovers its ATRR through a stated rate. 3 The rate for point-to-point service delivered to the PPL Group Zone or NITS within that zone is the sum of the individual rates for PPL Electric, UGI, and AEC. 4 PPL is not currently recovering TECs pursuant to Schedule 12 of the PJM Tariff.

Ms. Kimberly D. Bose; I. Background

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the spectrum of second order differential operators with complex coefficients B.M.Brown, D.K.R.M c Cormack Department of Computer Science,

M Plum

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sharing knowledge, experiences, and innovations in public-private partnerships in infrastructure Expanding the frontiers of telecom markets through PPP in Peru Lessons for pro-poor initiatives

Robert Stephens Jorge Bossio

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Influence of subunit structure on the oligomerization state of light harvesting complexes: a free energy calculation study

L. Janosi A; H. Keer B; I. Kosztin A; T. Ritz B

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.elsevier.com/locate/gene Heart-speci®c splice-variant of a human mitochondrial ribosomal protein (mRNA processing; tissue speci®c splicing)

unknown authors

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Probing the environment in Gamma-ray bursts: the case of an X-ray precursor, afterglow late onset and wind vs constant density profile in GRB011121 and GRB011211

L. Piro; M. De Pasquale; P. Soffitta; D. Lazzati; L. Amati; E. Costa; M. Feroci; C. Guidorzi; E. Montanari; L. Nicastro

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

newsletter inside this issue: president’s welcome a not so silent underwater world norway’s seabed goes online! listening to fish fertilising the oceans with iron interview with the new ices general secretary developing science for fisheries management in a changing climate managing fisheries in marine protected areas understanding ‘essential fish habitat’ monitoring sea conditions with the help of lobster fishermen fishing for cephalopods bulletin boardICES CIEM Newsletter June 2006 “...it has been shown that the underwater background noise level on average doubled in intensity every six years in some parts of the oceans throughout the 1960s and ‘70s.” 2 President’s welcome A not so silent underwater world

unknown authors

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later) Your thesaurus codes are: 03 (03.09.2; 03.19.2) Present and future gamma-ray burst experiments

K. Hurley

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (Board) has conducted a series of reviews at Department of Energy (DOE) sites since 2008 to evaluate the implementation of Integrated Safety Management (ISM) at the activity level. The Board has transmitted reports detailing deficiencies and weaknesses in the implementation of activity-level ISM in several site-specific letters to the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and to the DOE Office of Environmental Management (EM). In your May 17, 2012, letter you reiterated DOE ' s commitment to complex-wide improvements in activity-level work planning and control and acknowledged the Energy Facility Contractors Group (EFCOG) effort to develop a work planning and control guideline document. The Board is encouraged by DOE's continued commitment and understands that DOE is currently evaluating the EFCOG document. The Board notes that DOE has recently solicited feedback from NNSA and EM site offices and headquarters organizations regarding this document. The Board has developed a detailed report, DNFSBffECH-37, Integrated Safety Management at the Activity Level: Work Planning and Control. This report is enclosed for

John E. Mansfield; Joseph F. Bader; The Honorable; Daniel B. Poneman

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ectodermal Wnt3/?-catenin signaling is required for the establishment and maintenance of the apical ectodermal ridge

Jeffery R. Barrow; Kirk R. Thomas; Oreda Boussadia-zahui; Robert Moore; Rolf Kemler; Mario R. Capecchi; Andrew P. Mcmahon

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GLIS3, a novel member of the GLIS subfamily of KruÈ ppel-like zinc ®nger proteins with repressor and activation functions

Yong-sik Kim; Gen Nakanishi; Mark Lew; Anton M. Jetten

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that Amendment No. 1 does not present a genuine issue as to whether public health and safety will be significantly affected. Therefore, the publication of a notice of proposed action and an opportunity for hearing or a notice of hearing is not warranted. Notice is hereby given of the right of interested persons to request a hearing on whether the action should be rescinded or modified. Further Information For further details with respect to this action, see the application dated March 5, 2008, and Amendment No. 1, which are available electronically, at NRC’s

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To facilitate the review of the additional change in corporate structure and executive officers since NRC's acceptance (Reference 2) of our original request, Enclosure 1 reproduces our original NUREG-1556 license transfer information and detailed description for the affected document sections and indicates the small amount of new or changed text with revision bars in the right margin. The previously submitted Justification and Significance Determination are not affected by the corporate structure and personnel changes. Enclosure 2 provides a revised illustration of the new USEC corporate structure. USEC respectfully requests that the NRC accept the supplemental changes to our earlier request and consent to the transfers of control of licenses in accordance with 10 CFR 70.36, at NRC's earliest convenience. If you have any questions regarding this matter, please contact me at (301) 564-3470 or

Mr. Michael F. Weber; Darren E. Mays At; Peter Iner; J. Downs; Nrc Hq

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Offshore wind farms are set to become a major part of our electricity supply in the UK. BWEA, the industry's representative body has, since the earliest discussions of the potential, been committed to ensuring that offshore wind farms are developed consistent with good environmental practice and that they win the support of local communities and other organisations. We believe that these goals can best be achieved by our industry working with communities, local authorities, Government agencies, NGOs, other stakeholder groups and all with an interest in the schemes. The Best Practice Guidelines: Consultation for Offshore Wind Energy Developments provide a useful tool for achieving these goals. We are particularly pleased that so many organisations have already agreed to put their names to this document. We trust that the guidelines will be used by everyone with an interest in a proposal. We are grateful to the dozens of organisations who have worked with us in preparing these guidelines and we'll be pleased to hear from you with your thoughts on how we can make this document even more useful as the industry grows and we learn more. By working together, we can ensure that offshore wind farms are developed with the highest level of participation, consultation and satisfaction.

Nick Goodall

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to be well before the change in polarity of the solar polar magnetic fields. A list of the 80 flares used in this study is available from the authors. We obtained very similar results for the interval May 1967 to August 1972 and the interval

unknown authors

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This guidance document describes the development of composting emission factors for EPA’s Waste Reduction Model (WARM). Included are estimates of the net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from composting of yard trimmings and food scraps, as well as mixed organics and polylactide (PLA) biopolymer resin. 1 1. A SUMMARY OF THE GHG IMPLICATIONS OF COMPOSTING During composting, microbial decomposition aerobically transforms organic substrates into a stable, humus-like material (Brown and Subler, 2007). Although small-scale composting, such as backyard composting, occurs across the United States, WARM models composting only in central composting facilities with windrow piles because data for small-scale composting or other large-scale operations are insufficient. 2 WARM includes composting as a materials management option for yard trimmings, food scraps, and mixed organics. As modeled in WARM, composting results in some carbon storage (associated with application of compost to agricultural soils), as well as minimal carbon dioxide (CO 2) emissions from transportation and mechanical turning of the compost piles. To estimate the carbon storage from compost application, EPA selected point estimates from the range of emission factors covering various compost application

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article was published in an Elsevier journal. The attached copy is furnished to the author for non-commercial research and education use, including for instruction at the author’s institution, sharing with colleagues and providing to institution administration. Other uses, including reproduction and distribution, or selling or licensing copies, or posting to personal, institutional or third party websites are prohibited. In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier’s archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: http://www.elsevier.com/copyright Author's personal copy BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION 140 (2007) 130 – 141 available at www.sciencedirect.com journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/biocon Developing terrestrial, multi-taxon indices of biological integrity: An example from coastal sage scrub

Jay E. Diffendorfer A; Genie M. Fleming A; Jennifer M. Duggan A; Robert E. Chapman A; Matthew E. Rahn A; Milan J. Mitrovich A; Robert N. Fisher B

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

doi:10.1093/humrep/deh473 Association of estradiol levels on the day of hCG administration and pregnancy achievement in IVF: a systematic review

Ioannis P. Kosmas; Efstratios M. Kolibianakis; Paul Devroey

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

doi:10.1093/humrep/den216 FSHB promoter polymorphism within evolutionary conserved element is associated with serum FSH level in men

Marina Grigorova; Margus Punab; Kristo Ausmees; Maris Laan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

doi:10.1093/humrep/deh795 Serum fluctuations of total and free tryptophan levels during the menstrual cycle are related to gonadotrophins and reflect brain serotonin utilization

N. Carretti; P. Florio; A. Bertolin; C. V. L. Costa; G. Allegri; G. Zilli

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Foreign body granuloma in the anterior abdominal wall mimicking an acute appendicular lump and induced by a translocated copper-T intrauterine contraceptive device: a case report

Maulana Mohammed Ansari; Syed Hasan Harris; Shahla Haleem; Rehan Fareed; Mohammed Feroz Khan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper develops a life-cycle portfolio allocation model to address the effects of housing investment on the portfolio allocation of households. The model employs a comprehensive housing investment structure, Epstein-Zin recursive preferences and a stock market entry cost. Furthermore, rather than resorting to calibration we estimate the value of the relative risk aversion and elasticity of intertemporal substitution. The model shows that housing investment has a strong crowding out effect on investment in risky assets throughout the life-cycle and predicts that homeowners are, by and large, wealthier than renters and invest more in risky assets than renters. JEL classification: G0, G11, G12, D10

Denis Pelletier; Cengiz Tunc; We Thank John Seater

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Nuclear Physics numerous possibilities exist to investigate fundamental symmetries and interactions. In particular, the precise measurements of properties of fundamental fermions, searches for new interactions in ?-decays, and violations of discrete symmeties offer possibilities to search for physics beyond Standard Theory. Precise measurements of fundamental constants can be carried out. Low energy experiments allow to probe New Physics at mass scales far beyond the reach of present accelerators or such planned for the future and at which predicted new particles could be produced directly. 1. Fundamental Forces and Symmetries Symmetries play an important and crucial role in physics. Global symmetries give rise to conservation laws and local symmetries yield forces [ 1]. To date we know four fundamental interactions: (i) Electromagnetism, (ii) Weak Interactions, (iii) Strong Interactions, and (iv) Gravitation. These four forces are fundamental in the sense that all observed dynamical processes in physics can be traced back to one or a combination of them. Together with fundamental symmetries they from a framework on which all physical descriptions ultimately rest.

Klaus P. Jungmann A; Kernfysisch Versneller Instituut

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar proton burning, photon and anti–neutrino disintegration of the deuteron in the relativistic field theory model of the deuteron

A. N. Ivanov; H. Oberhummer; N. I. Troitskaya; M. Faber

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—A new “model-free ” control methodology is applied for the first time to power converters, and in particular to a buck converter, and to a ?uk converter. We evaluate its performances regarding load and supply variations. Our approach, which utilizes “intelligent ” PI controllers, does not require any converter identification while ensuring the stability and the robustness of the control synthesis. Simulation and experimental results show that, with a simple control structure, insensitivity to power supply fluctuations and to large load variations is ensured. Index Terms—dc/dc converters, buck converters, ?uk converters, model-free control, intelligent PI controllers, numerical differentiation.

Loïc Michel; Cédric Join; Michel Fliess; Pierre Sicard; Ahmed Chériti; Gréi Département; Génie Électrique; Génie Informatique

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Indirect estimations and spatial variation in leaf area index of coniferous, deciduous and mixed forest stands in Forsmark

Torbern Tagesson; Svensk Kärnbränslehantering Ab; Laxemar; Torbern Tagesson

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article was published in an Elsevier journal. The attached copy is furnished to the author for non-commercial research and education use, including for instruction at the author’s institution, sharing with colleagues and providing to institution administration. Other uses, including reproduction and distribution, or selling or licensing copies, or posting to personal, institutional or third party websites are prohibited. In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier’s archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit:

unknown authors

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of particle size, fermentation and roasting of cocoa nibs on supercritical fluid extraction of cocoa butter

unknown authors

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(DOI: will be inserted by hand later) A broadband leptonic model for gamma-ray emitting microquasars

V. Bosch-ramon; G. E. Romero; J. M. Paredes

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.elsevier.com/locate/apthermeng Multi-period steam turbine network optimisation. Part I: Simulation based regression models and an evolutionary algorithm for finding D-optimal designs

Tor-martin Tveit; Carl-johan Fogelholm

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

managed by Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC05840R2 1400r

Harold Greene; W. C. (charlie Kuykendall

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

issue was published. See our lead story about changes in our publication schedule, necessitated by our other activities, primarily the CCC2 conference. This is the first MRB issue of 2008. ? The cover is a schematic of the fission theory for formation of planets and major moons. The left column is the sequence of events viewed in-plane, and the right column is the same sequence viewed from above. ? This is your final opportunity to sign-up for our international “Crisis in Cosmology – 2 ” (CCC2) conference from 2008 September 7-11 in Port Angeles, WA. Both participant and observer spaces remain available as of this writing, but may not remain so for very long. See

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.. 1205 banner hill road " erwin, tn 37650 iII phone 423.743.9141 aII www.nudearfuelservkescom www.nudearluelservices.com

Mr. Luis; A. Reyes; Regional Administrator

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.fuelfirst.com Pyrolysis of energy crops including alfalfa stems, reed canarygrass, and eastern gamagrass q

A. A. Boateng A; H. G. Jung B; P. R. Adler C

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hellholes ® “What I call the ‘magic jurisdiction, ’ [is] where the judiciary is elected with verdict money. The trial lawyers have established relationships with the judges that are elected; they’re State Court judges; they’re popul[ists]. They’ve got large populations of voters who are in on the deal, they’re getting their [piece] in many cases. And so, it’s a political force in their jurisdiction, and it’s almost impossible to get a fair trial if you’re a defendant in some of these places. The plaintiff lawyer walks in there and writes the number on the blackboard, and the first juror meets the last one coming out the door with that amount of money.... These cases are not won in the courtroom. They’re won on the back roads long before the case goes to trial. Any lawyer fresh out of law school can walk in there and win the case, so it doesn’t matter what the evidence or law is. ” 1 —Richard “Dickie ” Scruggs, legendary Mississippi trial lawyer who built an empire of influence suing tobacco companies, HMOs and asbestos-related companies, but who has since been disbarred and sentenced to federal prison after pleading guilty to conspiracy in an attempt to bribe a judge. “West Virginia was a ‘field of dreams ’ for plaintiffs ’ lawyers. We built it and

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original article Niche overlap and diet breadth in bumblebees; are rare species more specialized in their choice of flowers?

Dave Goulson; Ben Darvill

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

External morphology and ultra-structure of eggs and first instar of Prepona laertes laertes (Hübner, [1811]), with notes on host plant use and taxonomy

Dias Et Al; O M S Dias A; Mirna M Casagr; Olaf H H Mielke C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Almuth Ernsting assesses the current social and environmental impacts of large-scale biofuel production and questions whether ‘sustainability standards ’ will be enough to prevent serious problems. Few people now doubt that some of the biofuels used in Europe are produced at the expense of rainforests and other biodiverse ecosystems and that those should not be promoted as ‘green energy’. Nobody would choose to buy biodiesel made from Colombian palm oil grown on illegal plantations owned by companies linked to paramilitaries which have killed, evicted and tortured local people to grab their land. Governments and international organisations are therefore keen to develop ‘sustainability standards’. In Europe, various countries including the UK are planning ‘reporting requirements ’ on environmental and social sustainability. The European Commission has proposed environmental standards, though they do not include human rights and food security. Can sustainability guarantees work and ensure that biofuels will contribute to climate change mitigation and socially just development? Scepticism has come from many grassroots organisations, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and even a report published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

period is herewith presented to your attention.The Annual Report in the Congress year differs from other years because of the change of Technical Commission Presidents.

unknown authors

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

organized and driven by a point of view. As one political scientist writes, "The study of politics is itself a political act containing little that is neutral. " Or natural! If you agree with that claim, then the next step is to figure out how much confidence one should have in any political research. By placing theoretically guided empirical tradition in its developmental and historical context, this

unknown authors

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A novel mutation (T61I) in the gene encoding tumour necrosis factor receptor superfamily 1A (TNFRSF1A) in a Japanese patient with tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) associated with systemic lupus erythematosus

H. Ida; E. Kawasaki; T. Miyashita; F. Tanaka; M. Kamachi; Y. Izumi; M. Huang; M. Tamai; T. Origuchi; A. Kawakami; K. Migita; M. Motomura; T. Yoshimura; K. Eguchi

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.elsevier.com/locate/ijadhadh Anisotropic conductive films (ACFs) for ultra-fine pitch Chip-On-Glass (COG) applications

Myung Jin Yim; Jinsang Hwang; Kyung Wook Paik

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

doi:10.1093/heapol/czq009 Direct facility funding as a response to user fee reduction: implementation and perceived impact among Kenyan health centres and dispensaries

Antony Opwora; Margaret Kabare; Sassy Molyneux; Catherine Goodman

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polymer diodes require cathodes that do not corrode the polymer but do have low work function to minimize the electron injection barrier. First-principles calculations demonstrate that the work function of the (1000) surface of the compound Ca2N is half an eV lower than that of the elemental metal Ca (2.35 vs. 2.87 eV). Moreover its reactivity is expected to be smaller. This makes Ca2N an interesting candidate to replace calcium as cathode material for polymer light emitting diode devices. [PACS: 73.30 +y] 1 One of the great challenges for polymer light emitting diodes is the electron injection barrier as well as the performance degradation caused by chemical reactions of the cathode with the polymer. 1 State-of-the-art devices 2 use PPV (poly phenylene vinylene) as electro luminescence material. Often the cathode is made out of calcium, because of its low work function (2.87 eV) 3 and the presumed alignment of its Fermi level with the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital of PPV (electron affinity 2.73-2.8 eV). 4,5 Biases actually used are much higher than the optical band gap of PPV (2.4 eV) 6 namely in the order of 10 V, 1 which

unknown authors

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

These notes will cover the numerical solution of initial value problems (IVPs) and boundary value problems (BVPs) for ordinary differential equations (ODEs) and ordinary differential-algebraic equations (DAEs). We’ll review the basic problems of the subject and the minimum existence theory necessary to make numerical methods worthwhile. Then we’ll treat the construction, analysis and selection of numerical methods for IVPs and BVPs. We will also learn to use and build software packages which implement effective methods for IVPs and BVPs. Notes will be available from the URL

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

doi:10.1093/nar/gkj510 En masse nascent transcription analysis to elucidate regulatory transcription factors

Jinshui Fan; Ming Zhan; Jikui Shen; Jennifer L. Martindale; Xiaoling Yang; Tomoko Kawai; Myriam Gorospe

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.elsevier.com/locate/jsbmb Glucocorticoid mediated transcriptional repression of c-myc in apoptotic human leukemic CEM cells

Feng Zhou; Rheem D. Medh; E. Brad Thompson

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nergy efficiency is a low-cost way to save money, E support job growth, reduce pollution, and improve the competitiveness of our businesses. We spend more than $400 billion each year to power our homes and commercial buildings. These buildings consume more than 70 percent of all electricity used in the United States—about 40 percent of our nation’s total energy bill—and contribute to almost 40 percent of the nation’s carbon dioxide emissions. Through the National Laboratories and a vast network of research and expert partners, the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy/Building Technologies Program works to continually develop innovative, cost-effective energy-saving solutions— better technologies, better building practices, and better ways to improve existing buildings in which we work, shop,

Arah Schuur

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article was published in an Elsevier journal. The attached copy is furnished to the author for non-commercial research and education use, including for instruction at the author’s institution, sharing with colleagues and providing to institution administration. Other uses, including reproduction and distribution, or selling or licensing copies, or posting to personal, institutional or third party websites are prohibited. In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier’s archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: http://www.elsevier.com/copyright Author's personal copy Available online at www.sciencedirect.com

Lars Håkanson A; Andreas C. Bryhn; Jenny M. Eklund

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-scale visualization and characterization of lignocellulosic plant cell wall deconstruction during thermochemical pretreatment†‡

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The current issue and full text archive of this journal is available at www.emeraldinsight.com/1756-8692.htm

Frances C. Moore; Michael C. Maccracken

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat dissipation sensors of variable length for the measurement of sap flow in trees with deep sapwood

Shelley A. James; Michael J. Clearwater; Frederick C. Meinzer; Guillermo Goldstein

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quinolonas y naftiridinas son conocidas como núcleo base de distintas series de compuestos con actividad terapéutica, como antibióticos, anti-inflamatorios y analgésicos. El estudio de las interacciones intramoleculares, como así también las interacciones con el medio en que se encuentran disueltos son importantes para posteriores predicciones en relaciones cuantitativas de estructura-actividad (QSAR). Se realizaron estudios de efecto de solvente en espectroscopía UV/vis a los siguientes compuestos

Detección E Identificación De; Interacciones Inter E; Intramoleculares En; Una Serie De; Juana Silber; Liliana Giacomelli; Y Rosa Cattana

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limitations to the superposition principle: Superselection rules in non-relativistic quantum mechanics

C Cisneros; R P Martínez-y-romero; H N Núñez-yépez; A L Salas-brito

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

million gallons of ethanol production capacity is in service in Oregon, that after 90 days or a schedule determined through rulemaking, all gasoline sold in the state must contain 10 % volume of ethanol. The eastern side of the state will be the last to be phased into ethanol blend on 16 September 2008. In addition, HB2210 requires that all diesel fuel (except marine, locomotive and heating oil) must contain 2 % volume of biodiesel, once 5 million gallons per year capacity is in service for 3 months using Pacific Northwest feedstocks. Substantive misinformation is available to Oregonians regarding the impacts and benefits of this policy. The following addresses some of the areas of concern regarding corn based ethanol. Influence of Gasoline and Ethanol Cost and Price on the Economy Americans spent some $312 billion on about 160 billion gallons of gasoline in 2006. In 2007 they spent $526 billion for roughly the same amount of gasoline use. The forecast is for some 155 billion gallons of gasoline demand in 2008 with an annualized average cost of $3.89 per gallon for a sum of $602 billion

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elaboration and characterizations of platinum nanoparticles supported on cellulose-based carbon aerogel

Mines Paristech; Centre Mise; Forme Matériaux Cemef

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

doi:10.1093/humrep/dei140 Chemokine expression is dysregulated in the endometrium of women using progestin-only contraceptives and correlates to elevated recruitment of distinct leukocyte populations

Rebecca L. Jones; Naomi B. Morison; Natalie J. Hannan; Hilary O. D. Critchley; Lois A. Salamonsen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This chapter presents an overview of landfilling as a waste management strategy in relation to the development of material-specific emission factors for EPA’s Waste Reduction Model (WARM). Estimates of the net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from landfilling most of the materials considered in WARM and several categories of mixed waste streams (e.g., mixed paper, mixed recyclables and mixed municipal solid waste (MSW)) are included in the chapter. 1. A SUMMARY OF THE GHG IMPLICATIONS OF LANDFILLING When food scraps, yard trimmings, paper and wood are landfilled, anaerobic bacteria degrade the materials, producing methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2). CH4 is counted as an anthropogenic GHG because, even if it is derived from sustainably harvested biogenic sources, degradation would not result in CH4 emissions if not for deposition in landfills. The CO 2 is not counted as a GHG because is it considered part of the natural carbon cycle of growth and decomposition; for more information, see the text box on biogenic carbon in the Introduction & Background chapter. The other materials in WARM either do not contain carbon or do not biodegrade measurably in anaerobic conditions, and therefore do not generate any CH4. In addition to carbon emissions, some of the carbon in these materials (i.e., food scraps, yard

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon capture and storage technologies in the European power market We examine the potential of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies in the European electricity markets, assessing whether CCS technologies will reduce carbon emissions substantially in the absence of investment subsidies, and how the availability of CCS technologies may affect electricity prices and the amount of renewable electricity. To this end we augment a multi-market equilibrium model of the European energy markets with CCS electricity technologies. The CCS technologies are characterized by costs and technical efficiencies synthesized from a number of recent cost estimates and CCS technology reviews. Our simulations indicate that with realistic values for carbon prices, new CCS coal power plants become profitable, totally replacing non-CCS coal power investments and to a large extent replacing new wind power. New CCS gas power also becomes profitable, but does not replace non-CCS gas power fully. Substantially lower CCS costs, through subsidies on technological development or deployment, would be necessary to make CCS modification of old coal and gas power plants profitable.

Rolf Golombek; Mads Greaker; Sverre A. C; Ole Røgeberg; Finn Roar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A human skin multifunctional O-acyltransferase that catalyzes the synthesis of acylglycerols, waxes, and retinyl esters

Chi-liang Eric Yen; Charles H. Brown Iv; Mara Monetti; Robert V. Farese

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unconstrained mining of transcript data reveals increased alternative splicing complexity in the human transcriptome

I. G. Mollet; Claudia Ben-dov; Daniel Felício-silva; A. R. Grosso; Pedro Eleutério; Ruben Alves; Ray Staller; Tito Santos Silva; Maria Carmo-fonseca

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy-like nuclear inclusions are present in normal magnocellular neurosecretory neurons of the hypothalamus

Maria T. Berciano; Nuria T. Villagra; Jose L. Ojeda; Joaquin Navascues; Anita Gomes; Miguel Lafarga; Maria Carmo-fonseca

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimizing root system architecture in biofuel crops for sustainable energy production and soil carbon sequestration

Jennifer Pc To; Jinming Zhu; Philip N Benfey; Tedd Elich

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A review of research on forest-related environmental markets (including certification schemes, bioenergy, carbon markets and other ecosystem services)

P. Dargusch; T. N. Maraseni; P. Schmidt

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimental design and computer simulation of multi-effect humidification (MEH)-dehumidification solar distillation H.P. Garg a *, R.S. Adhikari b, Rakesh Kumar b

unknown authors

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A stochastic model for the semiclassical collective dynamics of charged beams in particle accelerators 1

Nicola Cufaro Petroni; Salvatore De Martino; Silvio De Siena; Fabrizio Illuminati

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Continuous variable tangle, monogamy inequality, and entanglement sharing in Gaussian states of continuous variable systems

Gerardo Adesso; Fabrizio Illuminati

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inference of Planck action constant by a classical fluctuative postulate holding for stable microscopic and macroscopic dynamical systems

Salvatore De Martino A; Silvio De Siena A; Fabrizio Illuminati A

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

asympTest: an R package for performing parametric statistical tests and confidence intervals based on the central limit theorem

J. -f. Coeurjolly; R. Drouilhet; P. Lafaye De Micheaux; J. -f. Robineau

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Blind separation with unknown number of sources based on auto-trimmed neural network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on blind source separation with an unknown number of sources, which is the case generally assumed in most practical applications. Several over-determined neural algorithms (more sensors m than sources n) have been proposed to solve ... Keywords: Auto-trimmed neural network, Blind source separation (BSS), Unknown number of sources

Tsung-Ying Sun; Chan-Cheng Liu; Sheng-Ta Hsieh; Shang-Jeng Tsai

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Unknown input estimation for a class of nonlinear systems and its application to automotive engine controls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

System unmodeled dynamics and uncertainties are common issues in the design of model based controllers and observers. One way to deal with this is to design an unknown input observer to estimate those unknown variables. However it is not feasible, if ...

Chia-Shang Liu; Pingan He

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Distributed model-invariant detection of unknown inputs in networked systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work considers hypothesis testing in networked systems under severe lack of prior knowledge. In previous work we derived a centralized Uniformly Most Powerful Invariant (UMPI) approach to testing unknown inputs in unknown Linear Time Invariant (LTI) ... Keywords: invariant testing, networked systems

James Weimer; Damiano Varagnolo; Karl Henrik Johansson

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Bi-parameter incremental unknowns ADI iterative methods for elliptic problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bi-parameter incremental unknowns (IU) alternating directional implicit (ADI) iterative methods are proposed for solving elliptic problems. Condition numbers of the coefficient matrices for these iterative schemes are carefully estimated. Theoretical ... Keywords: Bi-parameter ADI iterative method, Condition number, Convergence analysis, Incremental unknowns

Aili Yang; Yujiang Wu; Yongqing Wu; Dawei Ren

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Short-Term Energy Outlook Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook: EIA projects that natural gas prices will remain relatively high through the rest of 2003, with...

165

Ultra-short pulse generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An inexpensive pulse generating circuit is disclosed that generates ultra-short, 200 picosecond, and high voltage 100 kW, pulses suitable for wideband radar and other wideband applications. The circuit implements a nonlinear transmission line with series inductors and variable capacitors coupled to ground made from reverse biased diodes to sharpen and increase the amplitude of a high-voltage power MOSFET driver input pulse until it causes non-destructive transit time breakdown in a final avalanche shock wave diode, which increases and sharpens the pulse even more. 5 figures.

McEwan, T.E.

1993-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

166

ShortShort--Term Energy Outlook Term Energy Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis ShortShort--Term Energy Outlook Term Energy Outlook Chart Gallery for Chart Gallery for ...

167

high  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Summary Our short-term outlook for a wide array of energy prices has been adjusted upward as international and domestic energy supply conditions have tightened. We think that crude oil prices are as likely as not to end the year $2 to $3 per barrel higher than our previous projections. Thus, we think that the probability of West Texas Intermediate costing an average of $30 per barrel or more at midwinter is about 50 percent. On their current track, heating oil prices are likely to be about 30 percent above year-ago levels in the fourth quarter. Prices for Q1 2001 seem more likely now to match or exceed the high level seen in Q1 2000. Tight oil markets this year and an inherent propensity for high gas utilization in incremental power supply have resulted in rising North American natural gas

168

Meeting and Short Course Proposal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Share your knowledge and propose an AOCS Meeting or Short Course. Meeting and Short Course Proposal Meetings, Conferences and Short Courses aocs AOCS Annual Meeting & Expo Call for Papers Conferences Congress control dispersions edible exhibit exp

169

Short-Term Energy Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis Short Short- -Term Energy Outlook Term Energy Outlook Chart Gallery for Chart Gallery for November...

170

Vision-based guidance and control of a hovering vehicle in unknown environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a methodology, architecture, hardware implementation, and results of a system capable of controlling and guiding a hovering vehicle in unknown environments, emphasizing cluttered indoor spaces. Six-axis ...

Ahrens, Spencer Greg

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Short wavelength laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A short wavelength laser is provided that is driven by conventional-laser pulses. A multiplicity of panels, mounted on substrates, are supported in two separated and alternately staggered facing and parallel arrays disposed along an approximately linear path. When the panels are illuminated by the conventional-laser pulses, single pass EUV or soft x-ray laser pulses are produced.

Hagelstein, P.L.

1984-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

172

Molecular Cell Short Article  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular Cell Short Article Nucleosome Organization Affects the Sensitivity of Gene Expression to Promoter Mutations Gil Hornung,1 Moshe Oren,2 and Naama Barkai1,* 1Department of Molecular Genetics 2Department of Molecular Cell Biology Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel *Correspondence: naama

Barkai, Naama

173

Electricity and short wavelength radiation generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and associated apparati for use of collisions of high energy atoms and ions of He, Ne, or Ar with themselves or with high energy neutrons to produce short wavelength radiation (lambda approx. = 840-1300 A) that may be utilized to produce cathode-anode currents or photovoltaic currents.

George, E.V.

1985-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

174

The Quantification of Resistance of Grain Boundaries to Short ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, The Quantification of Resistance of Grain Boundaries to Short Fatigue Crack Propagation in Three-Dimensions in High Strength Al Alloys.

175

Short-Term Energy Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Short-Term Energy Outlook July 2013 1 July 2013 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) Highlights The U.S. Energy Information ...

176

An autonomous hybrid robot system to navigate through unknown maze environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a fully complete autonomous hybrid robot system, named YAM (Yet Another Mouse), that is able to navigate through an unknown maze environment. YAM effectively tackles the problem of how to represent the environment using its sensor ... Keywords: intelligent agents, knowledge representation, path planning, robot competitions

Pedro Ribeiro

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Boosting-based ensemble learning with penalty setting profiles for automatic Thai unknown word recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A boosting-based ensemble learning can be used to improve classification accuracy by using multiple classification models constructing to cope with errors obtained from preceding steps. This paper presents an application of the boosting-based ensemble ... Keywords: boosting technique, data mining, ensemble learning, unknown word recognition, word boundary detection

Jakkrit TeCho; Cholwich Nattee; Thanaruk Theeramunkong

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Brief paper: Suboptimal control of linear stochastic multivariable systems with unknown parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm is proposed for suboptimal control of linear multivariable systems with unknown parameters and output noise covariances. This algorithm is based on the idea of explicitly separating the functions of identification, estimation and control. ... Keywords: Kalman filters, Multivariable control systems, canonical forms, controllability, discrete time systems, observability, parameter estimation, state estimation, state space methods, stochastic control

H. El-Sherief; N. K. Sinha

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Robust 3D Face Tracking on Unknown Users with Dynamical Active Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Active Appearance Models [1] and the derived Active Models (AM) [4] allow to robustly track the face of a single user that was previously learnt, but works poorly with multiple or unknown users. Our research aims at improving the tracking robustness ... Keywords: Active Appearance Models, Face Animation, Face Tracking, Virtual Reality

Dianle Zhou; Patrick Horain

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Study of solar and other unknown anti-neutrino fluxes with Borexino at LNGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the search for anti-neutrinos of yet unknown origin with the Borexino detector at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso. In particular, a hypothetical anti-neutrino flux from the Sun is investigated. Anti-neutrinos are detected through the neutron inverse $\\beta$ decay reaction in a large liquid organic scintillator target. We set a new upper limit for a hypothetical solar $\\bar{\

G. Bellini; Borexino Collaboration

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Source of coherent short wavelength radiation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for producing coherent radiation ranging from X-rays to the far ultraviolet (i.e., 1 Kev to 10 eV) utilizing the Compton scattering effect. A photon beam from a laser is scattered on a high energy electron bunch from a pulse power linac. The short wavelength radiation produced by such scattering has sufficient intensity and spatial coherence for use in high resolution applications such as microscopy.

Villa, Francesco (Alameda, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Transient nanobubbles in short-time electrolysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water electrolysis in a microsystem is observed and analyzed on a short-time scale ~10 us. Very unusual properties of the process are stressed. An extremely high current density is observed because the process is not limited by the diffusion of electroactive species. The high current is accompanied by a high relative supersaturation S>1000 that results in homogeneous nucleation of bubbles. On the short-time scale only nanobubbles can be formed. These nanobubbles densely cover the electrodes and aggregate at a later time to microbubbles. The effect is significantly intensified with a small increase of temperature. Application of alternating polarity voltage pulses produces bubbles containing a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen. Spontaneous reaction between gases is observed for stoichiometric bubbles with the size smallaer than 150 nm. Such bubbles disintegrate violently affecting the surface of electrodes.

Vitaly B. Svetovoy; Remco G. P. Sanders; Miko C. Elwenspoek

2013-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

183

Nonexistence of a universal quantum machine to examine the precision of unknown quantum states  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we reveal a type of impossibility discovered in our recent research which forbids comparing the closeness of multiple unknown quantum states with any nontrivial threshold in a perfect or unambiguous way. This impossibility is distinct from the existing impossibilities in that it is a ''collective'' impossibility on multiple quantum states; most other ''no-go'' theorems are concerned with only one single state each time, i.e., it is an impossibility on a nonlocal quantum operation. This impossibility may provide new insight into the nature of quantum mechanics, and it implies more limitations on quantum information tasks than the existing no-go theorems.

Pang, Shengshi; Wu, Shengjun; Chen, Zeng-Bing [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

184

Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections  

SciTech Connect

Energy Information Administration (EIA) quarterly forecasts of short-term energy supply, demand, and prices are revised in February, May, August, and November for publication in the Short-Term Energy Outlook, quarterly projections. Methodology volumes, which are published with the May and November issues, contain descriptions of the forecasting system and detailed analyses of the current issues that affect EIA's short-term energy forecasts. The forecasts are produced using the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS). Two principal driving variables are used in the STIFS model: the macroeconomic forecast and the world oil price assumptions. The macroeconomic forecasts, which are produced by Data Resources, Inc., (DRI), are adjusted by EIA in cases where EIA projections of the world price of crude oil differ from DRI estimates. EIA's Oil Market Simulation Model is used to project the world oil prices. The three projections for petroleum supply and demand are based on low, medium, and high economic growth scenarios which incorporate high, medium, and low crude oil price trajectories. In general, the following discussion of the forecast refers to the medium, or base case, scenario. Total petroleum consumption sensitivities, using varying assumptions about the level of price, weather, and economic activity are tabulated.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Existence and Number of Solutions of Diophantine Quadratic Equations with Two Unknowns in $Z$ and $N$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this short note we study the existence and number of solutions in the set of integers ($Z$) and in the set of natural numbers ($N$) of Diopahntine Equations of second degree with two variables of the general form $ax^2-by^2=c$.

Florentin Smarandache

2007-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

186

2010 Short Course Lipid Oxidation and Health Short Course: From Chemistry to Nutrition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lipid Oxidation and Health Short Course: From Chemistry to Nutrition Short Course held at the 101st AOCS Annual Meeting and Expo. 2010 Short Course Lipid Oxidation and Health Short Course: From Chemistry to Nutrition Lipid Oxidation and Health Short

187

Minimize Boiler Short Cycling Losses  

SciTech Connect

This revised ITP tip sheet on minimizing boiler short cycling losses provides how-to advice for improving industrial steam systems using low-cost, proven practices and technologies.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Short-Term Energy Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

DOE/EIA-0202(98/3Q) Distribution Category UC-950 Short-Term Energy Outlook July 1998 Energy Information Administration Office of Energy Markets and End Use

189

Magnet Coil Shorted Turn Detector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Magnet Coil Shorted Turn Detector has been developed to facilitate the location of shorted turns in magnet coils. Finding these shorted turns is necessary to determine failure modes that are a necessary step in developing future production techniques. Up to this point, coils with shorted turns had the insulation burned off without the fault having been located. This disassembly process destroyed any chance of being able to find the fault. In order to maintain a flux balance in a coupled system such as a magnet coil, the current in a shorted turn must be opposed to the incident current. If the direction of the current in each conductor can be measured relative to the incident current, then the exact location of the short can be determined. In this device, an AC voltage is applied to the magnet under test. A small hand held B-dot pickup coil monitors the magnetic field produced by current in the individual magnet conductors. The relative phase of this pickup coil voltage is compared to a reference signal derived from the input current to detect a current reversal as the B-dot pickup coil is swept over the conductors of the coil under test. This technique however, is limited to only those conductors that are accessible to the hand held probe.

Dinkel, J.A.; Biggs, J.E.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Can short sellers predict accounting restatements and foresee their severity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation investigates whether short sellers establish short positions prior to accounting restatement announcements and whether the levels of short interest are related to the severity of restatements. Using 565 firms with restatement disclosure during the period of 1995 to 2002 and matched control firms with no restatements announcements, I find that the level of short interest is higher for the sample firms compared to the control firms in the months surrounding the announcements. The level of short interest increases as the restatement announcement date approaches and declines thereafter. Related to severity of restatement, I find that the level of short interest in the pre-disclosure period is higher for restatements involving fraud and the revenue accounts. There exists limited evidence that the pre-disclosure level of short interest is positively associated with the number of quarters restated and the magnitude of the restatements. Finally, I find cumulative abnormal returns surrounding the announcements are more negative for restatement firms that have a higher level of short interest. These results suggest that short sellers are highly sophisticated investors who can see through accounting manipulation and consequently profit from their knowledge.

Efendi, Jap

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Thomson scattering in short pulse laser experiments  

SciTech Connect

Thomson scattering is well used as a diagnostic in many areas of high energy density physics. In this paper, we quantitatively demonstrate the practicality of using Thomson scattering as a diagnostic of short-pulse laser-plasma experiments in the regime, where the plasmas probed are at solid density and have temperatures of many hundreds of eV using a backlighter produced with an optical laser. This method allows a diagnosis both spatially and temporally of the density and temperature distributions in high energy density laser-plasma interactions which is independent from, and would act as a useful complement to, the existing spectroscopic methods.

Hill, E. G.; Rose, S. J. [Plasma Physics Group, The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

192

Programmable unknown quantum-state discriminators with multiple copies of program and data: A Jordan basis approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The discrimination of any pair of unknown quantum states is performed by devices processing three parts of inputs: copies of the pair of unknown states we want to discriminate are respectively stored in two program systems and copies of data, which is guaranteed to be one of the unknown states, in a third system. We study the efficiency of such programmable devices with the inputs prepared with $n$ and $m$ copies of unknown qubits used as programs and data, respectively. By finding a symmetry in the average inputs, we apply the Jordan basis method to derive their optimal unambiguous discrimination and the minimum-error discrimination schemes. The dependence of the optimal solutions on the a prior probabilities of the mean input states is also demonstrated.

Bing He; János A. Bergou

2006-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

193

Short Order Macromedia Dreamweaver 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From the Publisher:Short Order Dreamweaver 3 teaches you Dreamweaver in a step-by-step progression of the complete Web site creation process. Presented in a comprehensive yet streamlined format, examples based on real-life projects cover all phases of ...

Steven Moniz

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Lecithin-Short-Course-Biographies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lecithin Functions in Technology and Nutrition Short Course Saturday and Sunday, April 27–28, 2013 · Palais des congrès de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada Co-organized by AOCS and ILPS · Held prior to the 104th AOCS Annual Meeting & Expo · AnnualMee

195

Why Do Emerging Economies Borrow Short Term?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that emerging economies borrow short term due to the high risk premium charged by international capital markets on long-term debt. First, we present a model where the debt maturity structure is the outcome of a risk sharing problem between the government and bondholders. By issuing long-term debt, the government lowers the probability of a liquidity crisis, transferring risk to bondholders. In equilibrium, this risk is reflected in a higher risk premium and borrowing cost. Therefore, the government faces a trade-off between safer long-term borrowing and cheaper short-term debt. Second, we construct a new database of sovereign bond prices and issuance. We show that emerging economies pay a positive term premium (a higher risk premium on long-term bonds than on short-term bonds). During crises, the term premium increases, with issuance shifting toward shorter maturities. This suggests that changes in bondholders ’ risk aversion are important to understand emerging market crises.

unknown authors

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Short wavelength ion temperature gradient turbulence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ion temperature gradient (ITG) mode in the high wavenumber regime (k{sub y}{rho}{sub s}>1), referred to as short wavelength ion temperature gradient mode (SWITG) is studied using the nonlinear gyrokinetic electromagnetic code GENE. It is shown that, although the SWITG mode may be linearly more unstable than the standard long wavelength (k{sub y}{rho}{sub s}<1) ITG mode, nonlinearly its contribution to the total thermal ion heat transport is found to be low. We interpret this as resulting from an increased zonal flow shearing effect on the SWITG mode suppression.

Chowdhury, J.; Ganesh, R. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar (India); Brunner, S.; Lapillonne, X.; Villard, L. [CRPP, Association EURATOM-Confederation Suisse, EPFL, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Jenko, F. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

197

X-ray diffuse scattering measurements of chemical short-range order and lattice strains in a highly magnetostrictive Fe0.813Ga0.187 alloy in an applied magnetic field  

SciTech Connect

The rapid growth of the magnetostriction coefficient of ferromagnetic Fe1?xGax alloys that occurs at a composition range from 0short-range ordering and lattice strain were performed on a quenched 18.7 at. % Ga alloy and show no dependence on the application of a magnetic field. This negative result sets limits on the role of nanoscale precipitates in magnetostriction.

Du, Yingzhou; Lograsso, Thomas A.; McQueeney, Robert J.

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

198

XAS Short Course March 2007  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Location Location Application Registration Visitor Information Transportation Tourism & Dining XAS Short Course March 2007 March 13-16 The Structural Molecular Biology BioXAS group will host an X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) Short Course at SSRL from March 13-16. The training will include two days of lectures which will cover basic theory, experimental considerations, and applications. The lectures will be followed by two days of rotating practical sessions, which will include hands-on data collection at the beam line and data analysis. Participants are encouraged to bring their own samples to test feasibility for future data collection. Space will be limited to 16 participants, so early application is encouraged and will be available soon through the SSRL website. For more information,

199

Effect of Brand Associations on Consumer Reactions to Unknown On-Line Brands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The temporal and spatial separation between on-line retail brands and their customers means that on-line transactions are characterized by uncertainty, anonymity, and lack of control. The resulting high perception of risk and fear of opportunism make ... Keywords: Brand Trust, Consumer Behavior, Degree Of Association, New On-Line Brands, Perceived Similarity.

Elena Delgado-Ballester; Miguel HernáNdez-Espallardo

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Short rotation Wood Crops Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report synthesizes the technical progress of research projects in the Short Rotation Woody Crops Program for the year ending September 30, 1989. The primary goal of this research program, sponsored by the US Department of Energy's Biofuels and Municipal Waste Technology Division, is the development of a viable technology for producing renewable feedstocks for conversion to biofuels. One of the more significant accomplishments was the documentation that short-rotation woody crops total delivered costs could be $40/Mg or less under optimistic but attainable conditions. By taking advantage of federal subsidies such as those offered under the Conservation Reserve Program, wood energy feedstock costs could be lower. Genetic improvement studies are broadening species performance within geographic regions and under less-than-optimum site conditions. Advances in physiological research are identifying key characteristics of species productivity and response to nutrient applications. Recent developments utilizing biotechnology have achieved success in cell and tissue culture, somaclonal variation, and gene-insertion studies. Productivity gains have been realized with advanced cultural studies of spacing, coppice, and mixed-species trials. 8 figs., 20 tabs.

Wright, L.L.; Ehrenshaft, A.R.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Analysis of unknown materials with prompt gamma-ray activation analysis (PGAA)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To assay the degradation of high explosives (HE) by a material-loss mechanism, prompt gamma activation analysis (PGAA), using a miniature neutron accelerator developed at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is proposed. Whereas the PGAA signatures from carbon and nitrogen in the chemical matrices are relatively low, fast neutrons may be used due to the higher cross sections for interaction. By using the upgraded PGAA database developed by the Isotope Projects Group at LBNL in collaboration with new PGAA data obtained at the Institute of Isotope and Surface Chemistry in Budapest, Hungary, it should be possible to observe and potentially to quantify a macroscopic loss of mass in HE.

English, Gerald; Firestone, Richard

2002-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

202

Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook April 2003 Overview World Oil Markets. Crude oil prices fell sharply at the onset of war in Iraq, but the initial declines probably overshot levels that we consider to be generally consistent with fundamental factors in the world oil market. Thus, while near-term price averages are likely to be below our previous projections, the baseline outlook for crude oil prices (while generally lower) is not drastically different and includes an average for spot West Texas Intermediate (WTI) that is close to $30 per barrel in 2003 (Figure 1). The mix of uncertainties related to key oil production areas has changed since last month, as Venezuelan production has accelerated beyond previous estimates while Nigerian output has been reduced due to internal conflict.

203

Short-Termed Integrated Forecasting System: 1993 Model documentation report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to define the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) and describe its basic properties. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the US Energy Department (DOE) developed the STIFS model to generate short-term (up to 8 quarters), monthly forecasts of US supplies, demands, imports exports, stocks, and prices of various forms of energy. The models that constitute STIFS generate forecasts for a wide range of possible scenarios, including the following ones done routinely on a quarterly basis: A base (mid) world oil price and medium economic growth. A low world oil price and high economic growth. A high world oil price and low economic growth. This report is written for persons who want to know how short-term energy markets forecasts are produced by EIA. The report is intended as a reference document for model analysts, users, and the public.

Not Available

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Short Term Energy Outlook ,October 2002  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

October 2002 October 2002 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook October 2002 Overview World Oil Markets: Continued high oil prices are the result of declining OECD commercial oil inventories, worries over a potential clash with Iraq, and OPEC's decision to leave production quotas unchanged at its September meeting. Solid growth in world oil demand this winter (and for 2003 as a whole) is likely to tighten world oil markets and reduce commercial oil inventories. The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot price averaged $29.75 in September, about $3.50 per barrel above the year-ago level and about $10 per barrel above a low point seen last January. Home Heating Costs Outlook: While fuel supplies should remain sufficient under normal weather

205

Short-Term Energy Outlook June 2013  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 June 2013 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) Highlights * After increasing to $119 per barrel in early February 2013, the Brent crude oil spot price fell to a low of $97 per barrel in mid-April and then recovered to an average of $103 per barrel in May. EIA expects that the Brent crude oil spot price will average $102 per barrel over the second half of 2013, and $100 per barrel in 2014. * EIA expects the price of regular gasoline will average $3.53 per gallon over the summer driving season (April through September). The annual average regular gasoline retail price is projected to decline from $3.63 per gallon in 2012 to $3.49 per gallon in 2013 and to $3.37 per gallon in 2014. Energy price forecasts are highly uncertain, and the current values of

206

Short Term Energy Outlook, December 2002  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2002 December 2002 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook December 2002 Overview World Oil Markets: Average crude oil prices fell by about $2.50 per barrel between October and November in response to continued high production levels from OPEC 10 countries (Figure 1). However, by the end of November oil prices had risen to end-October levels as concerns over the situations in Iraq and Venezuela pushed prices up. Oil inventories, which are currently in the lower portion of the previous 5-year range, are poised to rise to more comfortable levels soon if OPEC output continues at or above current levels. OPEC is considering cutbacks from current levels. Heating Fuels Update. As in October, weather was m uch colder than normal in November, boosting

207

Microbes in thawing permafrost: the unknown variable in the climate change equation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Considering that 25% of Earth s terrestrial surface is underlain by permafrost (ground that has been continuously frozen for at least 2 years), our understanding of the diversity of microbial life in this extreme habitat is surprisingly limited. Taking into account the total mass of perennially frozen sediment (up to several hundred meters deep), permafrost contains a huge amount of buried, ancient organic carbon (Tarnocai et al., 2009). In addition, permafrost is warming rapidly in response to global climate change (Romanovsky et al., 2010), potentially leading to widespread thaw and a larger, seasonally thawed soil active layer. This concern has prompted the question: will permafrost thawing lead to the release of massive amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) into the atmosphere? This question can only be answered by understanding how the microbes residing in permafrost will respond to thaw, through processes such as respiration, fermentation, methanogenesis and CH4 oxidation (Schuur et al., 2009). Predicting future carbon fluxes is complicated by the diversity of permafrost environments, ranging from high mountains, southern boreal forests, frozen peatlands and Pleistocene ice complexes (yedoma) up to several hundred meters deep, which vary widely in soil composition, soil organic matter (SOM) quality, hydrology and thermal regimes (Figure 1). Permafrost degradation can occur in many forms: thaw can progress downward from seasonally-thawed active layer soils in warming climates or laterally because of changes in surface or groundwater flow paths (Grosse et al., 2011). Permafrost degradation can sometimes lead to dramatic changes in ecosystem structure and function

Graham, David E [ORNL; Wallenstein, Matthew D [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Vishnivetskaya, T. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Waldrop, Mark P. [U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA; Phelps, Tommy Joe [ORNL; Pfiffner, Susan M. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Onstott, T. C. [Princeton University; Whyte, Lyle [McGill University, Montreal, Quebec; Rivkina, Elizaveta [Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems in Soil Science, Russian Academy of Sciences; Gilichinsky, David A [Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems in Soil Science, Russian Academy of Sciences; Elias, Dwayne A [ORNL; Mackelprang, Rachel [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Verberkmoes, Nathan C [ORNL; Hettich, Robert {Bob} L [ORNL; Wagner, Dirk [Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam, Germany; Wullschleger, Stan D [ORNL; Jansson, Janet [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

high  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Highlights International Oil Markets Prices. We have raised our world oil price projection by about $2 per barrel for this month because of assumed greater compliance by OPEC to targeted cuts, especially for the second quarter of 2000 (Figure 1). The expected decline in world petroleum inventories continues (Figure 2), and, given the generally stiff resolve of OPEC members to maintain production cuts, any sign of a turnaround in stocks may be postponed until later this year than previously assumed (Q3 instead of Q2). Our current estimate for the average import cost this past January is now $25 per barrel, a nearly $15-per-barrel increase from January 1999. Crude oil prices are expected to remain at relatively high levels for the first half of 2000, but

209

Short-Term Wind Speed Forecasting for Power System Operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global large scale penetration of wind energy is accompanied by significant challenges due to the intermittent and unstable nature of wind. High quality short-term wind speed forecasting is critical to reliable and secure power system operations. This paper gives an overview of the current status of worldwide wind power developments and future trends, and reviews some statistical short-term wind speed forecasting models, including traditional time series models and advanced space-time statistical models. It also discusses the evaluation of forecast accuracy, in particular the need for realistic loss functions. New challenges in wind speed forecasting regarding ramp events and offshore wind farms are also presented.

Xinxin Zhu; Marc G. Genton

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

User's Guide Short-Term Energy Model  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The personal computer version of the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Short Term Energy Outlook, known simply as the Short-Term Energy Model, is a modeling system used to forecast future values for key energy variables. It replicates in a Windows environment most features of EIA's mainframe-based short-term modeling system, and adds capabilities that allow the user substitute assumptions to calculate alternative projections.

Information Center

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Short RF Pulse Linear Collider  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the efficiency and the cost to sustain the high gradient should also be considered in the optimization process of the overall design. In this article, we explore the parametric...

212

EIA Short -Term and Winter Fuels Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short-Term Energy Outlook, October 2008 NASEO 2008/09 Winter Fuels Outlook Conference October 7, 2008 Washington, DC Howard Gruenspecht Acting ...

213

Short Term Energy Outlook - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Projections: EIA, Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System database, and Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels (hydroelectric and nuclear).

214

Short Term Energy Outlook - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook—February 2008 2 Global Petroleum OPEC left production targets unchanged at its February 1st ...

215

Short Term Energy Outlook - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook—March 2008 2 Diesel prices are projected to show larger gains in 2008, averaging $3.45 per

216

Short Term Energy Outlook - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook—January 2009 2 Global Petroleum Overview. The downward trend in oil prices continued in ...

217

Short Term Energy Outlook - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook—December 2008 2 Global Petroleum Overview The increasing likelihood of a prolonged global ...

218

Physics Out Loud - Short-range Correlations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) Previous Video (Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD)) Physics Out Loud Main Index Next Video (SRF Accelerator Cavities) SRF Accelerator Cavities Short-range...

219

Testing for the Possible Influence of Unknown Climate Forcings upon Global Temperature Increases from 1950-2000  

SciTech Connect

Global-scale variations in the climate system over the last half of the twentieth century, including long-term increases in global-mean near-surface temperatures, are consistent with concurrent human-induced emissions of radiatively active gases and aerosols. However, such consistency does not preclude the possible influence of other forcing agents, including internal modes of climate variability or unaccounted for aerosol effects. To test whether other unknown forcing agents may have contributed to multidecadal increases in global-mean near-surface temperatures from 1950 to 2000, data pertaining to observed changes in global-scale sea surface temperatures and observed changes in radiatively active atmospheric constituents are incorporated into numerical global climate models. Results indicate that the radiative forcing needed to produce the observed long-term trends in sea surface temperatures—and global-mean near-surface temperatures—is provided predominantly by known changes in greenhouse gases and aerosols. Further, results indicate that less than 10% of the long-term historical increase in global-mean near-surface temperatures over the last half of the twentieth century could have been the result of internal climate variability. In addition, they indicate that less than 25%of the total radiative forcing needed to produce the observed long-term trend in global-mean near-surface temperatures could have been provided by changes in net radiative forcing from unknown sources (either positive or negative). These results, which are derived from simple energy balance requirements, emphasize the important role humans have played in modifying the global climate over the last half of the twentieth century.

Anderson, Bruce T.; Knight, Jeff R.; Ringer, Mark A.; Yoon, Jin-Ho; Cherchi, Annalisa

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

220

Improved Dosimetric and Clinical Outcomes With Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy for Head-and-Neck Cancer of Unknown Primary Origin  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To compare differences in dosimetric, clinical, and quality-of-life endpoints among a cohort of patients treated by intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and conventional radiotherapy (CRT) for head-and-neck cancer of unknown primary origin. Methods and Materials: The medical records of 51 patients treated by radiation therapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck presenting as cervical lymph node metastasis of occult primary origin were reviewed. Twenty-four patients (47%) were treated using CRT, and 27 (53%) were treated using IMRT. The proportions of patients receiving concurrent chemotherapy were 54% and 63%, respectively. Results: The 2-year estimates of overall survival, local-regional control, and disease-specific survival for the entire patient population were 86%, 89%, and84%, respectively. There were no significant differences in any of these endpoints with respect to radiation therapy technique (p > 0.05 for all). Dosimetric analysis revealed that the use of IMRT resulted in significant improvements with respect to mean dose and V30 to the contralateral (spared) parotid gland. In addition, mean doses to the ipsilateral inner and middle ear structures were significantly reduced with IMRT (p < 0.05 for all). The incidence of severe xerostomia in the late setting was 58% and 11% among patients treated by CRT and IMRT, respectively (p < 0.001). The percentages of patients who were G-tube dependent at 6 months after treatment were 42% and 11%, respectively (p < 0.001). Conclusions: IMRT results in significant improvements in the therapeutic ratio among patients treated by radiation therapy for head-and-neck cancer of unknown primary origin.

Chen, Allen M., E-mail: allen.chen@ucdmc.ucdavis.ed [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States); Li Baoqing [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States); Farwell, D. Gregory [Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States); Marsano, Joseph; Vijayakumar, Srinivasan; Purdy, James A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States)

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Short-Distance Structure of Nuclei  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of Jefferson Lab's original missions was to further our understanding of the short-distance structure of nuclei. In particular, to understand what happens when two or more nucleons within a nucleus have strongly overlapping wave-functions; a phenomena commonly referred to as short-range correlations. Herein, we review the results of the (e,e'), (e,e'p) and (e,e'pN) reactions that have been used at Jefferson Lab to probe this short-distance structure as well as provide an outlook for future experiments.

Douglas Higinbotham, Eliazer Piasetzky, Stephen Wood

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Development of Resistance Spot Welding Applying Pulsed High ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From the fact, we clarify that the pulsed current pattern, the combination of short holding and short high current, can improve cross tension strength of HSS and ...

223

Short-Term Energy Outlook January 2014  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Chart Gallery for January 2014 Short-Term Energy Outlook U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 West Texas...

224

Gravitational waves and short gamma ray bursts.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Short hard gamma-ray bursts (GRB) are believed to be produced by compact binary coalescences (CBC) { either double neutron stars or neutron star{black hole binaries.… (more)

Predoi, Valeriu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Compilation techniques for short-vector instructions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multimedia extensions are nearly ubiquitous in today's general-purpose processors. These extensions consist primarily of a set of short-vector instructions that apply the same opcode to a vector of operands. This design ...

Larsen, Samuel (Samuel Barton), 1975-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

A JET BREAK IN THE X-RAY LIGHT CURVE OF SHORT GRB 111020A: IMPLICATIONS FOR ENERGETICS AND RATES  

SciTech Connect

We present broadband observations of the afterglow and environment of the short GRB 111020A. An extensive X-ray light curve from Swift/XRT, XMM-Newton, and Chandra, spanning {approx}100 s to 10 days after the burst, reveals a significant break at {delta}t Almost-Equal-To 2 days with pre- and post-break decline rates of {alpha}{sub X,1} Almost-Equal-To -0.78 and {alpha}{sub X,2} {approx}< -1.7, respectively. Interpreted as a jet break, we infer a collimated outflow with an opening angle of {theta}{sub j} Almost-Equal-To 3 Degree-Sign -8 Degree-Sign . The resulting beaming-corrected {gamma}-ray (10-1000 keV band) and blast-wave kinetic energies are (2-3) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 48} erg and (0.3-2) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 49} erg, respectively, with the range depending on the unknown redshift of the burst. We report a radio afterglow limit of <39 {mu}Jy (3{sigma}) from Expanded Very Large Array observations that, along with our finding that {nu}{sub c} < {nu}{sub X}, constrains the circumburst density to n{sub 0} {approx} 0.01-0.1 cm{sup -3}. Optical observations provide an afterglow limit of i {approx}> 24.4 mag at 18 hr after the burst and reveal a potential host galaxy with i Almost-Equal-To 24.3 mag. The subarcsecond localization from Chandra provides a precise offset of 0.''80 {+-} 0.''11 (1{sigma}) from this galaxy corresponding to an offset of 5-7 kpc for z 0.5-1.5. We find a high excess neutral hydrogen column density of (7.5 {+-} 2.0) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 21} cm{sup -2} (z = 0). Our observations demonstrate that a growing fraction of short gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are collimated, which may lead to a true event rate of {approx}> 100-1000 Gpc{sup -3} yr{sup -1}, in good agreement with the NS-NS merger rate of Almost-Equal-To 200-3000 Gpc{sup -3} yr{sup -1}. This consistency is promising for coincident short GRB-gravitational wave searches in the forthcoming era of Advanced LIGO/VIRGO.

Fong, W.; Berger, E.; Margutti, R.; Zauderer, B. A.; Czekala, I.; Chornock, R. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Troja, E.; Gehrels, N.; Sakamoto, T. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Fox, D. B. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Podsiadlowski, P. [Department of Astronomy, Oxford University, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

227

Dual-band ultraviolet-short-wavelength infrared imaging via luminescent downshifting with colloidal quantum dots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The performance of short-wavelength infrared (SWIR) cameras in the visible and ultraviolet (UV) regions is limited by the absorption of high-energy photons in inactive regions of the imaging array. Dual-band UV-SWIR imaging ...

Geyer, Scott M.

228

2D Optical Streaking for Ultra-Short Electron Beam Diagnostics  

SciTech Connect

We propose a novel approach to measure short electron bunch profiles at micrometer level. Low energy electrons generated during beam-gas ionization are simultaneously modulated by the transverse electric field of a circularly-polarized laser, and then they are collected at a downstream screen where the angular modulation is converted to a circular shape. The longitudinal bunch profile is simply represented by the angular distribution of the electrons on the screen. We only need to know the laser wavelength for calibration and there is no phase synchronization problem. Meanwhile the required laser power is also relatively low in this setup. Some simulations examples and experimental consideration of this method are discussed. At Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS), an S-band RF transverse deflector (TCAV) is used to measure the bunch length with a resolution 10 femtosecond (fs) rms. An X-band deflector (wavelength 2.6cm) is proposed recently to improve the resolution. However, at the low charge operation mode (20pC), the pulse length can be as short as fs. It is very challenging to measure femtosecond and sub-femtosecond level bunch length. One of the methods is switching from RF to {mu}m level wavelength laser to deflect the bunch. A powerful laser ({approx}10s GW) is required to deflect such a high energy beam (GeV) in a wiggler. Synchronization is another difficulty: the jitter between the bunch and the laser can be larger than the laser wavelength, which makes single-shot measurement impossible. To reduce the laser power, we propose to use ionized electrons from high energy electron beam and gas interaction for high energy electron bunch diagnostics. Similarly, the femtosecond X-ray streak camera uses X-ray ionization electrons to measure the X-ray pulse. The electrons generated by beam-gas ionization have low energy (eVs). Therefore, a lower laser power is possible to deflect such low energy electrons. Note that there is no field ionization in our case. To avoid field ionization, which occurs in plasma case, gases species with high field ionization threshold should be considered. For a linear polarized laser, the kick to the ionized electrons depends on the phase of the laser when the electrons are born and the unknown timing jitter between the electron beam and laser beam makes the data analysis very difficult. Here we propose to use a circular polarized laser to do a 2-dimensional (2D) streaking (both x and y) and measure the bunch length from the angular distribution on the screen, where the phase jitter causes only a rotation of the image on the screen without changing of the relative angular distribution. Also we only need to know the laser wavelength for calibration. A similar circular RF deflecting mode was used to measure long bunches. We developed a numerical particle-in-Cell (PIC) code to study the dynamics of ionization electrons with the high energy beam and the laser beam.

Ding, Y.T.; Huang, Z.; Wang, L.; /SLAC

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

229

PLANETARY AND OTHER SHORT BINARY MICROLENSING EVENTS FROM THE MOA SHORT-EVENT ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect

We present the analysis of four candidate short-duration binary microlensing events from the 2006-2007 MOA Project short-event analysis. These events were discovered as a by-product of an analysis designed to find short-timescale single-lens events that may be due to free-floating planets. Three of these events are determined to be microlensing events, while the fourth is most likely caused by stellar variability. For each of the three microlensing events, the signal is almost entirely due to a brief caustic feature with little or no lensing attributable mainly to the lens primary. One of these events, MOA-bin-1, is due to a planet, and it is the first example of a planetary event in which the stellar host is only detected through binary microlensing effects. The mass ratio and separation are q (4.9 {+-} 1.4) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -3} and s = 2.10 {+-} 0.05, respectively. A Bayesian analysis based on a standard Galactic model indicates that the planet, MOA-bin-1Lb, has a mass of m{sub p} = 3.7 {+-} 2.1 M{sub Jup} and orbits a star of M{sub *} = 0.75{sub -0.41}{sup +}0{sup .33} M{sub Sun} at a semimajor axis of a = 8.3{sub -2.7}{sup +4.5} AU. This is one of the most massive and widest separation planets found by microlensing. The scarcity of such wide-separation planets also has implications for interpretation of the isolated planetary mass objects found by this analysis. If we assume that we have been able to detect wide-separation planets with an efficiency at least as high as that for isolated planets, then we can set limits on the distribution of planets in wide orbits. In particular, if the entire isolated planet sample found by Sumi et al. consists of planets bound in wide orbits around stars, we find that it is likely that the median orbital semimajor axis is >30 AU.

Bennett, D. P. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Sumi, T. [Department of Earth and Space Science, Osaka University, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan); Bond, I. A.; Ling, C. H. [Institute for Information and Mathematical Sciences, Massey University, Auckland 1330 (New Zealand); Kamiya, K.; Abe, F.; Fukui, A.; Furusawa, K.; Itow, Y.; Masuda, K.; Matsubara, Y.; Miyake, N.; Muraki, Y. [Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601 (Japan); Botzler, C. S.; Rattenbury, N. J. [Department of Physics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92-019, Auckland 1001 (New Zealand); Korpela, A. V.; Sullivan, D. J. [School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Victoria University, Wellington (New Zealand); Kilmartin, P. M. [Mt. John Observatory, P.O. Box 56, Lake Tekapo 8770 (New Zealand); Ohnishi, K. [Nagano National College of Technology, Nagano 381-8550 (Japan); Saito, To., E-mail: bennett@nd.edu [Tokyo Metropolitan College of Aeronautics, Tokyo 116-8523 (Japan); Collaboration: MOA Collaboration; and others

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Short sequence motifs, overrepresented in mammalian conservednon-coding sequences  

SciTech Connect

Background: A substantial fraction of non-coding DNAsequences of multicellular eukaryotes is under selective constraint. Inparticular, ~;5 percent of the human genome consists of conservednon-coding sequences (CNSs). CNSs differ from other genomic sequences intheir nucleotide composition and must play important functional roles,which mostly remain obscure.Results: We investigated relative abundancesof short sequence motifs in all human CNSs present in the human/mousewhole-genome alignments vs. three background sets of sequences: (i)weakly conserved or unconserved non-coding sequences (non-CNSs); (ii)near-promoter sequences (located between nucleotides -500 and -1500,relative to a start of transcription); and (iii) random sequences withthe same nucleotide composition as that of CNSs. When compared tonon-CNSs and near-promoter sequences, CNSs possess an excess of AT-richmotifs, often containing runs of identical nucleotides. In contrast, whencompared to random sequences, CNSs contain an excess of GC-rich motifswhich, however, lack CpG dinucleotides. Thus, abundance of short sequencemotifs in human CNSs, taken as a whole, is mostly determined by theiroverall compositional properties and not by overrepresentation of anyspecific short motifs. These properties are: (i) high AT-content of CNSs,(ii) a tendency, probably due to context-dependent mutation, of A's andT's to clump, (iii) presence of short GC-rich regions, and (iv) avoidanceof CpG contexts, due to their hypermutability. Only a small number ofshort motifs, overrepresented in all human CNSs are similar to bindingsites of transcription factors from the FOX family.Conclusion: Human CNSsas a whole appear to be too broad a class of sequences to possess strongfootprints of any short sequence-specific functions. Such footprintsshould be studied at the level of functional subclasses of CNSs, such asthose which flank genes with a particular pattern of expression. Overallproperties of CNSs are affected by patterns in mutation, suggesting thatselection which causes their conservation is not always verystrong.

Minovitsky, Simon; Stegmaier, Philip; Kel, Alexander; Kondrashov,Alexey S.; Dubchak, Inna

2007-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

231

Short-term energy outlook: Quarterly projections  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) quarterly forecasts of short-term energy supply, demand, and prices are revised in January, April, July, and October for publication in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes previous forecast errors, compares recent projections by other forecasters, and discusses current topics of the short-term energy markets (see Short- Term Energy Outlook: Annual Supplement, DOE/EIA-0202). The principal users of the Outlook are managers and energy analysts in private industry and government. The projections in this volume extend through the fourth quarter of 1990. The forecasts are produced using the Short-term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS). The STIFS model uses two principal driving variables: a macroeconomic forecast and world oil price assumptions. Macroeconomic forecasts produced by data Resources, Inc., (DRI), are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions about the world price of crude oil, energy product prices, and other assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic forecast. EIA's Oil Market Simulation Model is used to project world oil prices. 20 refs., 17 figs., 16 tabs.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Means for limiting and ameliorating electrode shorting  

SciTech Connect

A fuse and filter arrangement is described for limiting and ameliorating electrode shorting in capacitive deionization water purification systems utilizing carbon aerogel, for example. This arrangement limits and ameliorates the effects of conducting particles or debonded carbon aerogel in shorting the electrodes of a system such as a capacitive deionization water purification system. This is important because of the small interelectrode spacing and the finite possibility of debonding or fragmentation of carbon aerogel in a large system. The fuse and filter arrangement electrically protect the entire system from shutting down if a single pair of electrodes is shorted and mechanically prevents a conducting particle from migrating through the electrode stack, shorting a series of electrode pairs in sequence. It also limits the amount of energy released in a shorting event. The arrangement consists of a set of circuit breakers or fuses with one fuse or breaker in the power line connected to one electrode of each electrode pair and a set of screens of filters in the water flow channels between each set of electrode pairs.

Konynenburg, R.A. van; Farmer, J.C.

1999-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

233

Means for limiting and ameliorating electrode shorting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fuse and filter arrangement for limiting and ameliorating electrode shorting in capacitive deionization water purification systems utilizing carbon aerogel, for example. This arrangement limits and ameliorates the effects of conducting particles or debonded carbon aerogel in shorting the electrodes of a system such as a capacitive deionization water purification system. This is important because of the small interelectrode spacing and the finite possibility of debonding or fragmentation of carbon aerogel in a large system. The fuse and filter arrangement electrically protect the entire system from shutting down if a single pair of electrodes is shorted and mechanically prevents a conducting particle from migrating through the electrode stack, shorting a series of electrode pairs in sequence. It also limits the amount of energy released in a shorting event. The arrangement consists of a set of circuit breakers or fuses with one fuse or breaker in the power line connected to one electrode of each electrode pair and a set of screens of filters in the water flow channels between each set of electrode pairs.

Van Konynenburg, Richard A. (Livermore, CA); Farmer, Joseph C. (Tracy, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

DOE/EIA-0202(87/3Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3Q) 3Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections July 1987 aergy i . Energy ' Energy Energy Energy i Energy i . Energy . Energy Energy Energy . Energy . Energy Energy Energy Energy i Energy . Energy . Energy Energy Energy Energy . Energy "nergy ; Short-Term : Short-Term . Short-Term : Short-Term : Short-Term ; Short-Term : Short-Term ; Short-Term : Short-Term : Short-Term ; Short-Term ; Short-Term ; Short-Term : Short-Term : Short-Term ; Short-Term ; Short-Term ; Short-Term ; Short-Term : Short-Term : Short-Term ; Short-Term : Short-Term ; Short-Term ; Short-Term ; Short-T'- Ent. Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energv Ene1" F- Ou Out, Outlc Outloc.

235

2010 Short Course Basics of Edible Oil Processing and Refining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Basics of Edible Oil Processing and Refining Short Course held at the 101st AOCS Annual Meeting and Expo. 2010 Short Course Basics of Edible Oil Processing and Refining Basics of Edible Oil Processing and Refining Short Course Saturday, M

236

Archives and History Office: Short Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Features > Short Features Features > Short Features Short Features in SLAC History 40th SLAC celebrated its 40th Anniversary in 2002 with a series of events and a photo book. 50th SLAC celebrated its 50th Anniversary in 2012 with a series of events and a special anniversary website: Celebrating 50 Years of Discovery. APS Burton Richter, Sid Drell , Martin Perl , and Herman Winick made presentations at the American Physical Society (APS) Centennial Celebration and Meeting ( March 20-26 1999). Angiogram The first synchrotron radiation coronary angiogram recorded on a human subject occurred in May 1986 at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (SSRL). BaBar BaBar was dedicated on August 13, 1999. Beam Trees Beam trees are not actually beams or trees. Blue Book The Blue Book is a SLAC classic written to document for posterity the design and building of SLAC's two-mile accelerator. Available in full-text from the SLAC Library.

237

Short Gamma-Ray Bursts Are Different  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze BATSE time-tagged event (TTE) data for short gamma-ray bursts (T90 duration burst. Performing the cross-correlation between two energy bands, we measure an average lag ~ 20-40 x shorter than for long bursts, and a lag distribution close to symmetric about zero - unlike long bursts. Using a "Bayesian Block" method to identify significantly distinct pulse peaks, we find an order of magnitude fewer pulses than found in studies of long bursts. The disparity in lag magnitude is discontinuous across the ~ 2-s valley between long and short bursts. Thus, short bursts do not appear to be representable as a continuation of long bursts' temporal characteristics.

J. P. Norris; J. D. Scargle; J. T. Bonnell

2001-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

238

Property:ShortName | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ShortName ShortName Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Pages using the property "ShortName" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - April 2008 + 2008-04 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - August 2008 + 2008-08 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - December 2008 + 2008-12 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2008 + 2008-02 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - February 2009 + 2009-02 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2008 + 2008-01 + 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales - January 2009 + 2009-01 +

239

Catalysts for synthesizing various short chain hydrocarbons  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Method and apparatus (10), including novel photocatalysts, are disclosed for the synthesis of various short chain hydrocarbons. Light-transparent SiO.sub.2 aerogels doped with photochemically active uranyl ions (18) are fluidized in a fluidized-bed reactor (12) having a transparent window (16), by hydrogen and CO, C.sub.2 H.sub.4 or C.sub.2 H.sub.6 gas mixtures (20), and exposed to radiation (34) from a light source (32) external to the reactor (12), to produce the short chain hydrocarbons (36).

Colmenares, Carlos (Alamo, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Electricity storage for short term power system service (Smart...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

storage for short term power system service (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Electricity storage for short term power system service Country Denmark...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Ultra-short pulse compression using photonic crystal fibre  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ABSTRACT A short section of photonic crystal fibre has been used for ultra-short pulse compression. The unique optical prop- erties of this novel medium in ...

242

Implications of Wide-Area Geographic Diversity for Short- Term...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Implications of Wide-Area Geographic Diversity for Short- Term Variability of Solar Power Title Implications of Wide-Area Geographic Diversity for Short- Term Variability of Solar...

243

DOE/EIA-0202(88/2Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2Q) 2Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections April 1988 aergy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy E nergy Energy Energy Energy Energy '? nergy Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook '"""look Short-Terni Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term

244

DOE/EIA-0202(88/3Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3Q) 3Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections July 1988 Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy . oi Lor L- . ; Short-Term : Short-Term : Short-Term : Short-Term : Short-Term : Short-Term ; Short-Term . Short-Term : Short-Term : Short-Term . Short-Term : Short-Term : Short-Term ; Short-Term : Short-Term . Short-Term : Short-Term : Short-Term : Short-Term : Short-Term . Short-Term : Short-Term : Short-Term ; Short-Term . Short-Term Ent, Energ,, Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Ene r F- Ou Out, Outlc Outloc Outloo. Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlool Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlool

245

LE JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Short Communication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2307 LE JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Short Communication Cold fusion in a dense electron gas R. Balian, J in metallic palladiun are required in order to bring the cold fusion rate to an observable value. 'Ibme 50 N are known to yield observable rates for "cold fusion" in ddp-molecules [1-3]. One may also notice

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

246

Short Term Energy Outlook - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The forecasts were generated by simulation of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System. 02-03 03-04 04-05 05-06 06-07 Avg.02-07 07-08 08-09 % Change Natural Gas

247

Subtask 4.2 - Coal Gasification Short Course  

SciTech Connect

Major utilities, independent power producers, and petroleum and chemical companies are intent on developing a fleet of gasification plants primarily because of high natural gas prices and the implementation of state carbon standards, with federal standards looming. Currently, many projects are being proposed to utilize gasification technologies to produce a synthesis gas or fuel gas stream for the production of hydrogen, liquid fuels, chemicals, and electricity. Financing these projects is challenging because of the complexity, diverse nature of gasification technologies, and the risk associated with certain applications of the technology. The Energy & Environmental Research Center has developed a gasification short course that is designed to provide technical personnel with a broad understanding of gasification technologies and issues, thus mitigating the real or perceived risk associated with the technology. Based on a review of research literature, tutorial presentations, and Web sites on gasification, a short course presentation was prepared. The presentation, consisting of about 500 PowerPoint slides, provides at least 7 hours of instruction tailored to an audience's interests and needs. The initial short course is scheduled to be presented September 9 and 10, 2009, in Grand Forks, North Dakota.

Kevin Galbreath

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

248

HETEROGENEITY IN SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

SciTech Connect

We analyze the Swift/BAT sample of short gamma-ray bursts, using an objective Bayesian Block procedure to extract temporal descriptors of the bursts' initial pulse complexes (IPCs). The sample is comprised of 12 and 41 bursts with and without extended emission (EE) components, respectively. IPCs of non-EE bursts are dominated by single pulse structures, while EE bursts tend to have two or more pulse structures. The medians of characteristic timescales-durations, pulse structure widths, and peak intervals-for EE bursts are factors of {approx}2-3 longer than for non-EE bursts. A trend previously reported by Hakkila and colleagues unifying long and short bursts-the anti-correlation of pulse intensity and width-continues in the two short burst groups, with non-EE bursts extending to more intense, narrower pulses. In addition, we find that preceding and succeeding pulse intensities are anti-correlated with pulse interval. We also examine the short burst X-ray afterglows as observed by the Swift/X-Ray Telescope (XRT). The median flux of the initial XRT detections for EE bursts ({approx}6x10{sup -10} erg cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}) is {approx}>20x brighter than for non-EE bursts, and the median X-ray afterglow duration for EE bursts ({approx}60,000 s) is {approx}30x longer than for non-EE bursts. The tendency for EE bursts toward longer prompt-emission timescales and higher initial X-ray afterglow fluxes implies larger energy injections powering the afterglows. The longer-lasting X-ray afterglows of EE bursts may suggest that a significant fraction explode into denser environments than non-EE bursts, or that the sometimes-dominant EE component efficiently powers the afterglow. Combined, these results favor different progenitors for EE and non-EE short bursts.

Norris, Jay P. [Physics and Astronomy Department, University of Denver, Denver, CO 80208 (United States); Gehrels, Neil [Astroparticle Physics Laboratory, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Scargle, Jeffrey D. [Space Science and Astrobiology Division, NASA/Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035-1000 (United States)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

DOBEIA-0202(83/4Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

DOBEIA-0202(83/4Q) DOBEIA-0202(83/4Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections November 1983 Energy Information Administration Washington, D.C. t rt jrt .ort lort .lort lort lort lort <.ort ort Tt- .-m .erm -Term -Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Nrm ,iergy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy ^nergy Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Short Short Short Short- Short- Short- Short- Short- Short- Short- Short- Short- Short- Short- Short- Short- Short- Short- Short- Short Short Short Short Short-

250

DOE/EIA-0202(85/1Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1Q) 1Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections January 1985 Published: February 1985 Energy Information Administration Washington, D.C. t rt jrt .ort lort lort lort nort lort *.ort ort Tt .m .erm -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term uergy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy ^nergy Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Short Short Short Short Short Short Short Short Short Short Short Short Short Short Short Short Short Short Short Short Short Short Short Short

251

Vibration control of a flexible arm for the ITER maintenance using unknown visual features from inside the vessel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a vibration control scheme for a long-reach inspection arm in an environment as constrained as a fusion reactor. The ultra-high vacuum, the high operating temperature, the significant residual magnetic field and the nuclear activation ...

Gregory Dubus; Olivier David; Yvan Measson

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Short protection device for stack of electrolytic cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a device for preventing the electrical shorting of a stack of electrolytic cells during an extended period of operation. The device has application to fuel cell and other electrolytic cell stacks operating in low or high temperature corrosive environments. It is of particular importance for use in a stack of fuel cells operating with molten metal carbonate electrolyte for the production of electric power. Also, the device may have application in similar technology involving stacks of electrolytic cells for electrolysis to decompose chemical compounds.

Katz, M.; Schroll, C.R.

1984-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

253

Are Refiners Entering a Golden Age or a Short Cycle?  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Are Refiners Entering a Golden Age or a Short Cycle? Global Refining Strategies 2007 Barcelona, Spain

254

Advanced Mitigating Measures for the Cell Internal Short Risk (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation describes mitigation measures for internal short circuits in lithium-ion battery cells.

Darcy, E.; Smith, K.

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - May 2005  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook May 2005 2005 Summer Motor Gasoline Outlook Update (Figure 1) A considerable break in the expected strength of near-term crude oil prices has resulted in a lower forecast for retail gasoline prices this spring. Gasoline prices may well have seen their peak for the year, barring sharp disruptions in crude oil supply or refinery operations. Pump prices for the summer (April-September) are now projected to average $2.17 per gallon, still high by historical standards but well below the $2.28 anticipated last month. Our projection has been revised downward from the last Outlook as crude oil prices fell from the high $50s per barrel to the low $50s. However, oil prices remain high enough to keep expected

256

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - April 2005  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

April 2005 April 2005 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook April 2005 2005 Summer Motor Gasoline Outlook (Figure 1) Gasoline prices in 2005 are projected to remain high, at an expected average of $2.28 per gallon for the April to September summer season, 38 cents above last summer. Similar high motor gasoline prices are expected through 2006. Monthly average prices are projected to peak at about $2.35 per gallon in May. Summer diesel fuel prices are expected to average $2.24 per gallon. As in 2004, the primary factor behind these price increases is crude oil costs. WTI, for example, is projected to average 37 cents per gallon higher than last summer. High world oil demand will continue to support crude oil prices and increase competition for

257

Short pulse free electron laser amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method and apparatus for amplification of a laser pulse in a free electron laser amplifier where the laser pulse duration may be a small fraction of the electron beam pulse duration used for amplification. An electron beam pulse is passed through a first wiggler magnet and a short laser pulse to be amplified is passed through the same wiggler so that only the energy of the last fraction, f, (f<1) of the electron beam pulse is consumed in amplifying the laser pulse. After suitable delay of the electron beam, the process is repeated in a second wiggler magnet, a third, . . . , where substantially the same fraction f of the remainder of the electron beam pulse is consumed in amplification of the given short laser pulse in each wiggler magnet region until the useful electron beam energy is substantially completely consumed by amplification of the laser pulse.

Schlitt, Leland G. (Livermore, CA); Szoke, Abraham (Fremont, CA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Short bunch research at Brookhaven National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Research into the production and utilization of short electron bunches at Brookhaven National Laboratory is underway at the Source Development Laboratory (SDL) and Accelerator Test Facility (ATF). Projects planned for the SDL facility include a 210 MeV electron linac with a dipole chicane that is designed to produce 100 {mu}m long bunches and a compact electron storage ring that will use superconducting RF to produce sub-millimeter bunches.The ATF has a 30-70 MeV linac that will serve as the injector for laser accelerators that will bunch the beam into to micron-length bunches. Coherent transition and synchrotron radiation from the short bunches will be used for beam diagnostics and infrared experiments.

Blum, E.B.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

259

Modeling of decentralized linear observer and tracker for a class of unknown interconnected large-scale sampled-data nonlinear systems with closed-loop decoupling property  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel low-order modeling of decentralized linear observer-based tracker is presented in this paper for a class of unknown interconnected large-scale sampled-data nonlinear systems with closed-loop decoupling property. The appropriate (low-)order decentralized ... Keywords: Digital redesign, Large-scale system, Observer, Observer/Kalman filter identification, Tracker

Jason Sheng-Hong Tsai; Nien-Tsu Hu; Po-Chuan Yang; Shu-Mei Guo; Leang-San Shieh

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Teleportation of a two-qubit arbitrary unknown state using a four-qubit genuine entangled state with the combination of bell-state measurements  

SciTech Connect

We propose a protocol transferring an arbitrary unknown two-qubit state using the quantum channel of a four-qubit genuine entangled state. Simplifying the four-qubit joint measurement to the combination of Bell-state measurements, it can be realized more easily with currently available technologies.

Dong, Li; Xiu, Xiao-Ming, E-mail: xiuxiaomingdl@126.com [Dalian University of Technology, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology (China)] [Dalian University of Technology, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology (China); Ren, Yuan-Peng [Bohai University, Higher Professional Technical Institute (China)] [Bohai University, Higher Professional Technical Institute (China); Gao, Ya-Jun [Bohai University, College of Mathematics and Physics (China)] [Bohai University, College of Mathematics and Physics (China); Yi, X. X. [Dalian University of Technology, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology (China)] [Dalian University of Technology, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology (China)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Hybrid derivative-free extended Kalman filter for unknown lever arm estimation in tightly coupled DGPS/INS integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Differential carrier phase observations from GPS (Global Positioning System) integrated with high-rate sensor measurements, such as those from an inertial navigation system (INS) or an inertial measurement unit (IMU), in a tightly coupled approach can ... Keywords: Global positioning system (GPS), Inertial measurement unit (IMU), Kalman filter, Lever arm

Yanrui Geng; Richard Deurloo; Luisa Bastos

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

DOE/EIA-0202(84/4Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4Q) 4Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections October 1984 Published: November 1984 Energy Information Administration Washington, D.C. t rt jrt .ort lort iort lort iort lort \ort ort Tt .erm Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term -Term -Term xrm nergy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy ^nergy Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Short- Short- Short- Short- Short- Short- Short- Short- Short- Short- Short- Short- Short Short- Short- Short Short Short Short Short Short

263

Short Gamma Ray Bursts as possible electromagnetic counterpart of coalescing binary systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coalescing binary systems, consisting of two collapsed objects, are among the most promising sources of high frequency gravitational waves signals detectable, in principle, by ground-based interferometers. Binary systems of Neutron Star or Black Hole/Neutron Star mergers should also give rise to short Gamma Ray Bursts, a subclass of Gamma Ray Bursts. Short-hard-Gamma Ray Bursts might thus provide a powerful way to infer the merger rate of two-collapsed object binaries. Under the hypothesis that most short Gamma Ray Bursts originate from binaries of Neutron Star or Black Hole/Neutron Star mergers, we outline here the possibility to associate short Gamma Ray Bursts as electromagnetic counterpart of coalescing binary systems.

S. Capozziello; M. De Laurentis; I. De Martino; M. Formisano

2010-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

264

Functional Annotation and Mechanistic Characterization of Enzymes with Unknown Functions: Studies on Adenine Deaminase, N-6-Methyladenine Deaminase and the C-P Lyase Pathway  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adenine deaminase (ADE) catalyzes the conversion of adenine to hypoxanthine. Mechanistic characterization of ADE from Escherichia coli was performed along with biophysical studies. The structure of ADE was solved from A. tumefaciens. The structure, along with the biochemical and biophysical characterization, enabled the elucidation of the mechanism of the deaminase reaction of ADE. Elucidation of the origin of the oxygenation reactions within ADE led to the discovery of a promiscuous catalase reaction. The diiron ADE from all tested bacterial species exhibited this unusual reaction, along with the generation of superoxide and hydroxyl radicals, the latter being responsible for the oxygenation of the protein. The residues that were identified to be oxygenated were primarily the metal binding residues implying the origin of this reaction was the binuclear iron center. A group of bacterial enzymes that are co-localized in the same genomic operon as ADE but of unknown function were identified. The enzyme Bh0637 from Bacillus halodurans, a representative member of this group of enzymes was characterized. This enzyme was shown to preferentially catalyze the deamination of epigenetic base, N-6-methyadenine. Lastly, gram-negative bacteria have a highly conserved phn operon composed of 14 genes to break the C-P bond of inert alkylphosphonates. The genes phnGHIJKLM are absolutely critical for this activity. We discovered that methylphosphonate reacts first with MgATP to form alpha-D-ribose-1-methylphosphonate-5-triphosphate (RPnTP) and adenine by the action of PhnI, PhnG, PhnH and PhnL. PhnI by itself was shown to perform a novel nucleosidase reaction converting MgATP to ribose-5-triphosphate and adenine. The triphosphate moiety of RPnTP is then hydrolyzed to pyrophosphate and alpha-D-ribose-1-methylphosphonate-5-phosphate (PRPn) by PhnM. The carbon-phosphorus bond of PRPn is subsequently cleaved via a radical-based reaction to alpha-D-ribose-1,2-cyclic-phosphate-5-phosphate (PRcP) and methane in the presence of S-adenosyl-L-methionine by PhnJ.

Kamat, Siddhesh

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

High Performance Window Attachments  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

High Performance Window High Performance Window Attachments D. Charlie Curcija Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory dccurcija@lbl.gov 510-495-2602 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Impact of Project: * Motivate manufacturers to make improvements in Window systems U-Factors, SHGC and daylighting utilization * Increase awareness of benefits from energy efficient window attachments Problem Statement: * A wide range of residential window attachments are available, but they have widely unknown

266

Short rise time intense electron beam generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A generator for producing an intense relativistic electron beam having a subnanosecond current rise time includes a conventional generator of intense relativistic electrons feeding into a short electrically conductive drift tube including a cavity containing a working gas at a low enough pressure to prevent the input beam from significantly ionizing the working gas. Ionizing means such as a laser simultaneously ionize the entire volume of working gas in the cavity to generate an output beam having a rise time less than one nanosecond.

Olson, Craig L. (Albuquerque, NM)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Short-Term Energy Outlook Figures  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Independent Statistics & Analysis" Independent Statistics & Analysis" ,"U.S. Energy Information Administration" ,"Short-Term Energy Outlook Figures, December 2013" ,"U.S. Prices" ,,"West Texas Intermediate (WTI) Crude Oil Price" ,,"U.S. Gasoline and Crude Oil Prices" ,,"U.S. Diesel Fuel and Crude Oil Prices" ,,"Henry Hub Natural Gas Price" ,,"U.S. Natural Gas Prices" ,"World Liquid Fuels" ,,"World Liquid Fuels Production and Consumption Balance" ,,"Estimated Unplanned Crude Oil Production Outages Among OPEC Producers" ,,"Estimated Unplanned Crude Oil Production Disruptions Among non-OPEC Producers" ,,"World Liquid Fuels Consumption" ,,"World Liquid Fuels Consumption Growth"

268

APPLICATION FORM Short term course on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Address: Prof. Tapan K. Sengupta High Performance Computing Lab Department of Aerospace Venue : IIT Kanpur, Kanpur Organized by: High Performance Computing Lab, Dept. of Aerospace Engineering

Srivastava, Kumar Vaibhav

269

Short-term energy outlook, July 1998  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares The Short-Term Energy Outlook (energy supply, demand, and price projections) monthly for distribution on the internet at: www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/steo/pub/contents.html. In addition, printed versions of the report are available to subscribers in January, April, July and October. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from July 1998 through December 1999. Values for second quarter of 1998 data, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the July 1998 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. 28 figs., 19 tabs.

NONE

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Short-term energy outlook, January 1999  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares the Short-Term Energy Outlook (energy supply, demand, and price projections) monthly. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from January 1999 through December 2000. Data values for the fourth quarter 1998, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the January 1999 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. Macroeconomic estimates are produced by DRI/McGraw-Hill but are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions about the world price of crude oil, energy product prices, and other assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic outlook. By varying the assumptions, alternative cases are produced by using the STIFS model. 28 figs., 19 tabs.

NONE

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

PROSPECT - A Precision Reactor Neutrino and Oscillation Spectrum Experiment at Very Short Baselines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Antineutrino detectors operated close to a compact research reactor can provide excellent sensitivity to short-baseline oscillation effects through a precision measurement of the reactor antineutrino spectrum at various distances from the core. We describe a proposed 2-detector experiment with a baseline of 4-20m that will enable a high-precision measurement of the reactor antineutrino spectrum from a highly-enriched uranium core at a US research reactor and provide a definitive search for short-baseline neutrino oscillations. In addition, this experiment will provide important enabling technology for reactor monitoring applications.

Z. Djurcic; S. Hans; M. Yeh; E. Blucher; R. Johnson; B. R. Littlejohn; M. Dolinski; C. Lane; T. Allen; S. Morrell; J. G. Learned; J. Maricic; A. Bernstein; N. S. Bowden; T. Classen; A. Glenn; N. Zaitseva; H. P. Mumm; J. S. Nico; R. E. Williams; R. Henning; C. Bryan; D. Dean; Y. Efremenko; D. Radford; P. Huber; J. M. Link; C . Mariani; A. B. Balantekin; H. R. Band; J. C. Cherwinka; K. M. Heeger; W. Wang; T. Langford

2013-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

272

PROSPECT - A Precision Reactor Neutrino and Oscillation Spectrum Experiment at Very Short Baselines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Antineutrino detectors operated close to a compact research reactor can provide excellent sensitivity to short-baseline oscillation effects through a precision measurement of the reactor antineutrino spectrum at various distances from the core. We describe a proposed 2-detector experiment with a baseline of 4-20m that will enable a high-precision measurement of the reactor antineutrino spectrum from a highly-enriched uranium core at a US research reactor and provide a definitive search for short-baseline neutrino oscillations. In addition, this experiment will provide important enabling technology for reactor monitoring applications.

Djurcic, Z; Yeh, M; Blucher, E; Johnson, R; Littlejohn, B R; Dolinski, M; Lane, C; Allen, T; Morrell, S; Learned, J G; Maricic, J; Bernstein, A; Bowden, N S; Classen, T; Glenn, A; Zaitseva, N; Mumm, H P; Nico, J S; Williams, R E; Henning, R; Bryan, C; Dean, D; Efremenko, Y; Radford, D; Huber, P; Link, J M; Mariani, C; Balantekin, A B; Band, H R; Cherwinka, J C; Heeger, K M; Wang, W; Langford, T

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Fabrication and test of short helical solenoid model based on YBCO tape  

SciTech Connect

A helical cooling channel (HCC) is a new technique proposed for six-dimensional (6D) cooling of muon beams. To achieve the optimal cooling rate, the high field section of HCC need to be developed, which suggests using High Temperature Superconductors (HTS). This paper updates the parameters of a YBCO based helical solenoid (HS) model, describes the fabrication of HS segments (double-pancake units) and the assembly of six-coil short HS model with two dummy cavity insertions. Three HS segments and the six-coil short model were tested. The results are presented and discussed.

Yu, M.; Lombardo, V.; Lopes, M.L.; Turrioni, D.; Zlobin, A.V.; /Fermilab; Flanagan, G.; Johnson, R.P.; /MUONS Inc., Batavia

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Method and apparatus for producing durationally short ultraviolet or X-ray laser pulses  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus is disclosed for producing ultraviolet or X-ray laser pulses of short duration (32). An ultraviolet or X-ray laser pulse of long duration (12) is progressively refracted, across the surface of an opaque barrier (28), by a streaming plasma (22) that is produced by illuminating a solid target (16, 18) with a pulse of conventional line focused high power laser radiation (20). The short pulse of ultraviolet or X-ray laser radiation (32), which may be amplified to high power (40, 42), is separated out by passage through a slit aperture (30) in the opaque barrier (28).

MacGowan, Brian J. (Livermore, CA); Matthews, Dennis L. (El Granada, CA); Trebes, James E. (Livermore, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

21W.755 Writing and Reading Short Stories, Fall 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This class will focus on the craft of the short story, which we will explore through reading great short stories, writers speaking about writing, writing exercises and conducting workshops on original stories.

Lewitt, Shariann

276

2013 Short Course Lecithin Functions in Technology and Nutrition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lecithin Functions in Technology and Nutrition Short Course held at the 104th AOCS Annual Meeting and Expo. 2013 Short Course Lecithin Functions in Technology and Nutrition Lecithin Functions in Technology and Nutrition Saturday and

277

201/span>3 Short Course Applied Fundamentals in Interfacial Phenomena  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Applied Fundamentals in Interfacial Phenomena Short Course held at the 104th AOCS Annual Meeting and Expo. 201/span>3 Short Course Applied Fundamentals in Interfacial Phenomena Applied Fundamentals in Interfacial Phenomena Saturday •

278

2011 Short Course Basics of Edible Oil Processing and Refining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Basics of Edible Oil Processing and Refining held at the 102nd AOCS Annual Meeting and Expo. 2011 Short Course Basics of Edible Oil Processing and Refining Basics of Edible Oil Processing and Refining Short Course Saturday April 30,

279

2013 Short Course Fundamentals of Edible Oil Processing and Refining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fundamentals of Edible Oil Processing and Refining Short Course held at the 104th AOCS Annual Meeting and Expo. 2013 Short Course Fundamentals of Edible Oil Processing and Refining Fundamentals of Edible Oil Processing and Refining S

280

Short-Term Energy Carbon Dioxide Emissions Forecasts August 2009  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Supplement to the Short-Term Energy Outlook. Short-term projections for U.S. carbon dioxide emissions of the three fossil fuels: coal, natural gas, and petroleum.

Information Center

2009-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Short-Range Ensemble Forecasts of Precipitation Type  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Short-range ensemble forecasting is extended to a critical winter weather problem: forecasting precipitation type. Forecast soundings from the operational NCEP Short-Range Ensemble Forecast system are combined with five precipitation-type ...

Matthew S. Wandishin; Michael E. Baldwin; Steven L. Mullen; John V. Cortinas Jr.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Short-Term Test Results: Multifamily Home Energy Efficiency Retrofit  

SciTech Connect

Multifamily deep energy retrofits (DERs) represent great potential for energy savings, while also providing valuable insights on research-generated efficiency measures, cost-effectiveness metrics, and risk factor strategies for the multifamily housing industry. The Bay Ridge project is comprised of a base scope retrofit with a goal of achieving 30% savings (relative to pre-retrofit), and a DER scope with a goal of 50% savings (relative to pre-retrofit). The base scope has been applied to the entire complex, except for one 12-unit building which underwent the DER scope. Findings from the implementation, commissioning, and short-term testing at Bay Ridge include air infiltration reductions of greater than 60% in the DER building; a hybrid heat pump system with a Savings to Investment Ratio (SIR) > 1 (relative to a high efficiency furnace) which also provides the resident with added incentive for energy savings; and duct leakage reductions of > 60% using an aerosolized duct sealing approach. Despite being a moderate rehab instead of a gut rehab, the Bay Ridge DER is currently projected to achieve energy savings ? 50% compared to pre-retrofit, and the short-term testing supports this estimate.

Lyons, J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Light Sterile Neutrinos and Short Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Anomalies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study two possible explanations for short baseline neutrino oscillation anomalies, such as the LSND and MiniBooNE anti-neutrino data, and for the reactor anomaly. The first scenario is the mini-seesaw mechanism with two eV-scale sterile neutrinos. We present both analytic formulas and numerical results showing that this scenario could account for the short baseline and reactor anomalies and is consistent with the observed masses and mixings of the three active neutrinos. We also show that this scenario could arise naturally from an effective theory containing a TeV-scale VEV, which could be related to other TeV-scale physics. The minimal version of the mini-seesaw relates the active-sterile mixings to five real parameters and favors an inverted hierarchy. It has the interesting property that the effective Majorana mass for neutrinoless double beta decay vanishes, while the effective masses relevant to tritium beta decay and to cosmology are respectively around 0.2 and 2.4 eV. The second scenario contains only one eV-scale sterile neutrino but with an effective non-unitary mixing matrix between the light sterile and active neutrinos. We find that though this may explain the anomalies, if the non-unitarity originates from a heavy sterile neutrino with a large (fine-tuned) mixing angle, this scenario is highly constrained by cosmological and laboratory observations.

JiJi Fan; Paul Langacker

2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

284

North American Short Line and Regional Railroads Industry Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Short Line and American Short Line and Short Line and American Short Line and Regional Railroad Association Regional Railroad Association " " The Voice of America The Voice of America ' ' s Independent Railroads s Independent Railroads " " 4/27/2005 2 ASLRRA Membership ASLRRA Membership 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Total Number of Member Companies 1943 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 Year ASLRRA Member History (1943 - 2003) Associate Railroad

285

An Observational Study of the Relationship between Excessively Strong Short Rains in Coastal East Africa and Indian Ocean SST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Composites of SST, wind, rainfall, and humidity have been constructed for years of high rainfall during September, October, and November (SON) in equatorial and southern-central East Africa. These show that extreme East African short rains are ...

Emily Black; Julia Slingo; Kenneth R. Sperber

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

A Survey of the Rates and Products of Short-Term Photosynthesis in Plants of 9 Phyla  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of alanine D. 5 min. photosynthesis squash showing absencePRODUCTS OF SHORT-TERM PHOTOSYNTHESIS I N PLANTS OF 9 PHYLATable III A. 5 min. photosynthesis Fontinalis showing high

Calvin, M.; Norris, R.E.; Norris, Louisa

1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Short-term energy outlook quarterly projections. First quarter 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short- term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent cases with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets.

Not Available

1994-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

288

Short-Term Energy Outlook- May 2003  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook May 2003 Overview World Oil Markets. The April 24 meeting of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) raised official quotas for members (excluding Iraq) by 0.9 million barrels per day from the previous (suspended) quota to 25.4 million barrels per day. OPEC members also sought tighter compliance with quotas, calling for production cuts of 2 million barrels per day from April levels. We expect these measures to result in an average total OPEC (including Iraq) crude oil production rate of about 26.7 million barrels per day in the second and third quarters. This production level is not significantly different from our base case assumptions in last month's report. Individual OPEC country shares of these output levels will depend upon the speed with which

289

August 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

August 2012 1 August 2012 1 August 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook Highlights ï‚· EIA projects that the Brent crude oil spot price will average about $103 per barrel during the second half of 2012, about $3.50 per barrel higher than in last month's Outlook. The forecast Brent crude oil spot price falls to an average of $100 per barrel in 2013. The projected West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot price discount to Brent crude oil narrows from about $14 in the third quarter of 2012 to $9 by late 2013. These price forecasts assume that world oil-consumption-weighted real gross domestic product (GDP), which increased by 3.0 percent in 2011, grows by 2.8 percent in 2012 and 2.9

290

Short Term Energy Outlook, February 2003  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook February 2003 Overview World Oil Markets. World oil markets will likely remain tight through most of 2003, as petroleum inventories and global spare production capacity continue to dwindle amid blasts of cold weather and constrained output from Venezuela. OPEC efforts to increase output to make up for lower Venezuela output has reduced global spare production capacity to only 2 million barrels per day, leaving little room to make up for unexpected supply or demand surprises. Meanwhile, the average West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil price increased by $3.50 to $33 per barrel from December to January (Figure 1). For the year 2003, WTI oil prices are expected to remain over $30 per barrel, even though Venezuelan output appears to be moving toward normal sooner than expected. Also,

291

Berkeley Lab: Nearby Short-Term Accommodations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accommodations Accommodations Visitor Information Maps and Directions to the Lab Offsite Shuttle Bus Service Bay Area Mass Transit Information Site Access Parking Permits and Gate Passes UC Berkeley Campus Map Nearby Short-Term Accommodations Guest House Berkeley Lab Guest House - The Berkeley Lab guest house is conveniently located on the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory campus and features 57 tastefully appointed guest rooms, many with spectacular views of the San Francisco bay, skyline, and City of Berkeley. The guest house is only a few minutes away from the University of California Berkeley Campus and the dynamic Berkeley community itself. It is available to visiting researchers and those conducting business with the University. The Faculty Club * U.C. Campus

292

Short Term Energy Outlook ,November 2002  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

November 2002 November 2002 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook November 2002 Overview World Oil Markets: During the past 3-4 months, OPEC 10 production has risen more quickly than projected, thus reducing upward pressure on prices. More specifically, while the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot price averaged $28.84 in October, about $6.70 per barrel above the year-ago level (Figure 1), the WTI average price for fourth quarter 2002 is now projected to soften to $28.20, which is about $2 per barrel below our fourth-quarter projection from last month. Meanwhile, OECD inventory levels, which are now approaching 5 -year lows, should begin to rise over the next few months as additional supplies reach markets, and return to the middle of their observed range by spring.

293

Short-Term Energy Outlook July 2013  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 July 2013 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) Highlights ï‚· The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) expects that the Brent crude oil spot price will average $102 per barrel over the second half of 2013, and $100 per barrel in 2014. This forecast assumes there are no disruptions to energy markets arising from the recent unrest in Egypt. After increasing to $119 per barrel in early February 2013, the Brent crude oil spot price fell to a low of $97 per barrel in mid-April and then recovered to an average of $103 per barrel in May and June, about the same as its average over the same two-month period last year. ï‚· The discount of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil to Brent crude oil, which averaged $18 per barrel in 2012 and increased to a monthly average of more than $20 per barrel in

294

Short Term Energy Outlook, March 2003  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook March 2003 Overview World Oil Markets. February crude oil prices moved higher than expected pushed by fears of a war in Iraq, low inventories, slow recovery in Venezuelan exports, continued cold weather and sharply higher natural gas prices in the United States. West Texas Intermediate prices averaged close to $36 for the month (Figure 1), a level not seen since October 1990. Oil inventories continued lower through the month resulting in a cumulative reduction in total commercial stocks of 101 million barrels since September 30, 2002, the beginning of the heating season. Total OECD inventories reached an estimated 2,424 million barrels at the end of February, which would be the lowest level since

295

Short Rotation Crops in the United States  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

responders anticipated that energy will comprise 25% or less of the utilization of single-stem short-rotation woody crops between now and 2010. The only exception was a response from California where a substantial biomass energy market does currently exist. Willows (Salix species) are only being developed for energy and only in one part of the United States at present. Responses from herbaceous crop researchers suggested frustration that markets (including biomass energy markets) do not currently exist for the crop, and it was the perception of many that federal incentives will be needed to create such markets. In all crops, responses indicate that a wide variety of research and development activities are needed to enhance the yields and profitability of the crops. Ongoing research activities funded by the U.S. Department of Energy?s Bioenergy Feedstock Development Program are described in an appendix to the paper.

Wright, L.L.

1998-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

296

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - June 2005  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook June 2005 2005 Summer Motor Fuels Outlook Update (Figure 1) In May, while West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil prices oscillated from the low $50s range to $47 and back again, retail gasoline prices declined steadily from about $2.24 per gallon at the beginning of the month to $2.10 on May 30. On June 6, average retail prices were $2.12 per gallon. Pump gasoline prices for the summer (April-September) are now projected to average $2.17 per gallon, similar to last month's projection but still about 26 cents per gallon above the year-ago level. Crude oil prices are expected to remain high enough to keep monthly average gasoline prices above $2.00 per gallon through 2006. The

297

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - April 2006  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 1 April 2006 Short-Term Energy Outlook and Summer Fuels Outlook April 11, 2006 Release Contents Overview Global Petroleum Markets U.S. Petroleum Markets Motor Gasoline Diesel Fuel Natural Gas Markets Electricity Markets Coal Markets Overview Continued steady world oil demand growth, combined with only modest increases in world spare oil production capacity and the continuing risks of geopolitical instability, are expected to keep crude oil prices high through 2006. The price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil is projected to average $65 per barrel in 2006 and $61 in 2007 (Figure 1. West Texas Intermediate Crude Oil Price). Retail regular gasoline prices are projected to average $2.50 per gallon in 2006 and $2.40 in

298

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - July 2005  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

July 2005 July 2005 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook July 2005 2005 Summer Motor Fuels Outlook Update (Figure 1) Retail regular-grade gasoline prices moved up from about $2.12 per gallon at the beginning of June to $2.33 on July 11. Gasoline pump prices for the summer (April-September) are now projected to average $2.25 per gallon, 8 cents per gallon higher than last month's projection and about 35 cents per gallon above the year-ago level. Crude oil prices are expected to remain high enough to keep quarterly average gasoline prices above $2.20 per gallon through 2006. The projected average for retail diesel this summer is $2.33 per gallon, up about 56 cents per gallon from last summer. Nationally, annual average diesel fuel prices

299

Untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Incandescent Fluorescent Other Hours Used Total Low Medium High Unknown Short Long Compact Halogen Other Unknown Total 4,196 431 2,811 409 14 159 173 34 24 141 Unknown 104 11...

300

Short-Range (0–48 h) Numerical Prediction of Convective Occurrence, Mode, and Location  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A verification of high-resolution (6-km grid spacing) short-range (0–48 h) numerical model forecasts of warm-season convective occurrence, mode, and location was conducted over the Lake Michigan region. All available days from 5 April through 20 ...

Michael A. Fowle; Paul J. Roebber

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Now that the heating season has ended, natural gas wellhead prices have fallen from the exceptionally high levels seen in February and early March. Nevertheless, they still remain historically and unseasonably high, hovering around $5.00 per MMBtu. EIA projects that natural gas wellhead prices will remain above $5.00 per MMBtu in April and then decrease to $4.36 in May and $4.26 in June (Short-Term Energy Outlook, April 2003). Wellhead prices for the 2002-2003 heating season (November through March) averaged $4.44 per MMBtu, or $2.08 more than last winter's price. Overall in 2003, wellhead prices are projected to increase about $1.53 per MMBtu over the 2002 level to $4.40 per MMBtu. This projection is based on the expectation of lower volumes of natural gas in underground storage compared with last year and continued increases in demand over 2002 levels. Cold temperatures this past winter led to a record drawdown of storage stocks. By the end of March, estimated working gas stocks were 676 Bcf (prior estimates were 696 Bcf), which is the lowest end-of-March level in EIA records and 44 percent below the previous 5-year average. In 2004, continued tightness of domestic natural gas supply and high demand levels are expected to keep the average wellhead price near the 2003 level.

302

Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

this summer and continue at elevated levels through the rest of 2003 (Short-Term Energy Outlook, June 2003). Natural gas wellhead prices are expected to average $5.40 per MMBtu in June and remain above $5.13 through December 2003. Spot prices at the Henry Hub have stayed well above $5.00 per MMBtu on a monthly basis since the beginning of the year and have been above $6.00 for the first 10 days of June. The low level of underground storage is the principal reason for these unusually high prices. As of June 6, 2003, working gas stocks were 1,324 Bcf, which is about 35 percent below year-earlier levels and 25 percent below the 5-year average. Natural gas prices are likely to stay high as long as above-normal storage injection demand competes with industrial and power sector demand for gas. Overall in 2003, wellhead prices are projected to increase about $2.33 per MMBtu (the largest U.S. annual wellhead price increase on record) over the 2002 level to a record annual high of about $5.20 per MMBtu. For 2004, prices are projected to ease only moderately, as supplies are expected to remain tight.

303

Method for measuring dose-equivalent in a neutron flux with an unknown energy spectra and means for carrying out that method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for measuring the dose-equivalent for exposure to an unknown and/or time varing neutron flux which comprises simultaneously exposing a plurality of neutron detecting elements of different types to a neutron flux and combining the measured responses of the various detecting elements by means of a function, whose value is an approximate measure of the dose-equivalent, which is substantially independent of the energy spectra of the flux. Also, a personnel neutron dosimeter, which is useful in carrying out the above method, comprising a plurality of various neutron detecting elements in a single housing suitable for personnel to wear while working in a radiation area.

Distenfeld, Carl H. (Mattituck, NY)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Short-term energy outlook, April 1999  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from April 1999 through December 2000. Data values for the first quarter 1999, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the April 1999 version of the Short-Term Integrated forecasting system (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. Macroeconomic estimates are produced by DRI/McGraw-Hill but are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions about the world price of crude oil, energy product prices, and other assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic outlook. By varying the assumptions, alternative cases are produced by using the STIFS model. 25 figs., 19 tabs.

NONE

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Short GRBs: Rates and luminosity function implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compare the luminosity function and rate inferred from the BATSE short hard bursts (SHBs) peak flux distribution with the redshift and luminosity distributions of SHBs observed by Swift/HETE II. The Swift/HETE II SHB sample is incompatible with SHB population that follows the star formation rate. However, it is compatible with a distribution of delay times after the SFR. This would be the case if SHBs are associated with the mergers of double neutron star (DNS) systems. DNS may be ``primordial'' or can form dynamically by binary exchange interaction in globular clusters during core collapse. The implied SHB rates that we find range from \\sim 8 to \\sim 30h_(70)^3 Gpc^(-3)yr^(-1). This rate is a much higher than what was previously estimated and, when beaming is taken into account, it is comparable to the rate of neutron star mergers estimated from statistics of binary pulsars. If GRBs are produced in mergers the implied rate practically guarantees detection by LIGO II and possibly even by LIGO I.

Dafne Guetta

2006-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

306

Short Rotation Woody Crops Program: Project summaries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document is a compilation of summaries describing research efforts in the US Department of Energy's Short Rotation Woody Crops Program (SRWCP). The SRWCP is sponsored by DOE's Biofuels and Municipal Waste Technology Division and is field-managed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The SRWCP is an integrated basic research program with 18 field research projects throughout the United States. The overall objective of the program is to improve the productivity and increase the cost efficiency of growing and harvesting woody trees and shrubs. In a competitive technical review, 25 projects were chosen to form a new research program. Although some of the original projects have ended and new ones have begun, many of the long-term research projects still form the core of the SRWCP. This document contains individual summaries of each of the 18 research projects in the SRWCP from October 1985 to October 1986. Each summary provides the following information: name and address of the contracting institution, principal investigator, project title, current subcontract or grant number, period of performance, and annual funding through fiscal year 1986. In addition, each summary contains a brief description of the project rationale, objective, approach, status, and future efforts. A list of publications that have resulted from DOE-sponsored research follows many of the summaries.

Not Available

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

DOE/EIA-0202(87/2Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2Q) 2Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections April 1987 . m erm Term t-Term rt-Term jrt-Term ort-Term iort-Term ion-Term ion-Term lort-Term lort-Term ort-Term ort-Term Tt-Term ".-Term -Term Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy ^nergy Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term

308

DOE/EIA-0202(86/4Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Ter  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6/4Q) 6/4Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Ter m Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections October 1986 .m erm Term t-Term rt-Term jrt-Term ort-Term ion-Term lort-Term ion-Term lort-Term lort-Term ort-Term ort-Term -rt-Term -t-Term -Term iiergy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy " Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term

309

Planetary and Other Short Binary Microlensing Events from the MOA Short Event Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the analysis of four candidate short duration binary microlensing events from the 2006-2007 MOA Project short event analysis. These events were discovered in an analysis designed to find short timescale single lens events that may be due to free-floating planets. Three of these events are determined to be microlensing events, while the fourth is most likely caused by stellar variability. For each of the three microlensing events, the signal is almost entirely due to a brief caustic feature with little or no lensing attributable mainly to the lens primary. One of these events, MOA-bin-1, is due to a planet, and it is the first example of a planetary event in which stellar host is only detected through binary microlensing effects. The mass ratio, q = 4.9 \\pm 1.4 \\times 10^{-3}, is relatively large for a planetary system, and the star-planet separation, s = 2.10 \\pm 0.05, is the largest ever for a low magnification microlensing event. The planet MOA-bin-1Lb has a mass of m_p = 3.7 \\pm 2.1 M_Jup,and or...

Bennett, D P; Bond, I A; Kamiya, K; Abe, F; Botzler, C S; Fukui, A; Furusawa, K; Itow, Y; Korpela, A V; Kilmartin, P M; Ling, C H; Masuda, K; Matsubara, Y; Miyake, N; Muraki, Y; Ohnishi, K; Rattenbury, N J; Saito, To; Sullivan, D J; Suzuki, D; Sweatman, W L; Tristram, P J; Wada, K; Yock, P C M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Numerical Modelling of Geothermal Systems a Short Introduction | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Numerical Modelling of Geothermal Systems a Short Introduction Numerical Modelling of Geothermal Systems a Short Introduction Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library General: Numerical Modelling of Geothermal Systems a Short Introduction Authors Mauro Cacace, Björn Onno Kaiser and Yvonne Cherubini Published Helmholtz Association, The date "N/A" was not understood.The date "N/A" was not understood. DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Numerical Modelling of Geothermal Systems a Short Introduction Citation Mauro Cacace,Björn Onno Kaiser,Yvonne Cherubini. N/A. Numerical Modelling of Geothermal Systems a Short Introduction. N/A. Helmholtz Association. N/Ap. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Numerical_Modelling_of_Geothermal_Systems_a_Short_Introduction&oldid=688986"

311

Dispersants for Tube Fouling Control: Volume 2: Short-Term Trial at ANO-2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dispersants have been used for several decades in fossil boiler units to inhibit corrosion product deposition in the boiler. However, until recently, a dispersant of sufficient purity had not been available for nuclear application. This report summarizes the methodology and results of the full-scale, short-term trial of a high-purity, high molecular weight BetzDearborn polyacrylic acid (PAA) dispersant for steam generator deposit control in the secondary system of Arkansas Nuclear One Unit 2 (ANO-2).

2001-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

312

MeV-GeV emission from neutron-loaded short gamma-ray burst jets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent discovery of the afterglow emission from short gamma-ray bursts suggests that binary neutron star or black hole-neutron star binary mergers are the likely progenitors of these short bursts. The accretion of neutron star material and its subsequent ejection by the central engine implies a neutron-rich outflow. We consider here a neutron-rich relativistic jet model of short bursts, and investigate the high energy neutrino and photon emission as neutrons and protons decouple from each other. We find that upcoming neutrino telescopes are unlikley to detect the 50 GeV neutrinos expected in this model. For bursts at z~0.1, we find that GLAST and ground-based Cherenkov telescopes should be able to detect prompt 100 MeV and 100 GeV photon signatures, respectively, which may help test the neutron star merger progenitor identification.

Soebur Razzaque; Peter Meszaros

2006-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

313

Short Rotation Crops in the United States  

SciTech Connect

The report is based primarily on the results of survey questions sent to approximately 60 woody and 20 herbaceous crop researchers in the United States and on information from the U.S. Department of Energy?s Bioenergy Feedstock Development Program. Responses were received from 13 individuals involved in woody crops research or industrial commercialization (with 5 of the responses coming from industry). Responses were received from 11 individuals involved in herbaceous crop research. Opinions on market incentives, technical and non-technical barriers, and highest priority research and development areas are summarized in the text. Details on research activities of the survey responders are provided as appendices to the paper. Woody crops grown as single-stem systems (primarily Populus and Eucalyptus species) are perceived to have strong pulp fiber and oriented strand board markets, and the survey responders anticipated that energy will comprise 25% or less of the utilization of single-stem short-rotation woody crops between now and 2010. The only exception was a response from California where a substantial biomass energy market does currently exist. Willows (Salix species) are only being developed for energy and only in one part of the United States at present. Responses from herbaceous crop researchers suggested frustration that markets (including biomass energy markets) do not currently exist for the crop, and it was the perception of many that federal incentives will be needed to create such markets. In all crops, responses indicate that a wide variety of research and development activities are needed to enhance the yields and profitability of the crops. Ongoing research activities funded by the U.S. Department of Energy?s Bioenergy Feedstock Development Program are described in an appendix to the paper.

Wright, L.L.

1998-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

314

Design of frequency synthesizers for short range wireless transceivers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rapid growth of the market for short-range wireless devices, with standards such as Bluetooth and Wireless LAN (IEEE 802.11) being the most important, has created a need for highly integrated transceivers that target drastic power and area reduction while providing a high level of integration. The radio section of the devices designed to establish communications using these standards is the limiting factor for the power reduction efforts. A key building block in a transceiver is the frequency synthesizer, since it operates at the highest frequency of the system and consumes a very large portion of the total power in the radio. This dissertation presents the basic theory and a design methodology of frequency synthesizers targeted for short-range wireless applications. Three different examples of synthesizers are presented. First a frequency synthesizer integrated in a Bluetooth receiver fabricated in 0.35?m CMOS technology. The receiver uses a low-IF architecture to downconvert the incoming Bluetooth signal to 2MHz. The second synthesizer is integrated within a dual-mode receiver capable of processing signals of the Bluetooth and Wireless LAN (IEEE 802.11b) standards. It is implemented in BiCMOS technology and operates the voltage controlled oscillator at twice the required frequency to generate quadrature signals through a divide-by-two circuit. A phase switching prescaler is featured in the synthesizer. A large capacitance is integrated on-chip using a capacitance multiplier circuit that provides a drastic area reduction while adding a negligible phase noise contribution. The third synthesizer is an extension of the second example. The operation range of the VCO is extended to cover a frequency band from 4.8GHz to 5.85GHz. By doing this, the synthesizer is capable of generating LO signals for Bluetooth and IEEE 802.11a, b and g standards. The quadrature output of the 5 - 6 GHz signal is generated through a first order RC - CR network with an automatic calibration loop. The loop uses a high frequency phase detector to measure the deviation from the 90° separation between the I and Q branches and implements an algorithm to minimize the phase errors between the I and Q branches and their differential counterparts.

Valero Lopez, Ari Yakov

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Short Term Energy Outlook, January 2003  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

perhaps a bit below normal for the U.S. as a whole. For the month of December 2002, then, home heating fuel usage probably was not unusually high, particularly outside of the...

316

Short-cycle higher education: Purposes and issues  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article deals with a worldwide movement called short-cycle higher education .... lowed less than a fair share of the combined budget, college faculties had.

317

Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, Third quarter 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent cases with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. (See Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement, DOE/EIA-0202). The feature article for this issue is Demand, Supply and Price Outlook for Reformulated Gasoline, 1995.

1994-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

318

Prevention of Compressor Short Cycling in Direct-Expansion (DX...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Units, Part 1: Theoretical Analysis and Simulation Title Prevention of Compressor Short Cycling in Direct-Expansion (DX) Rooftop Units, Part 1: Theoretical Analysis and Simulation...

319

Prevention of Compressor Short Cycling in Direct-Expansion (DX...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Units- Part 2: Field Investigation Title Prevention of Compressor Short Cycling in Direct-Expansion (DX) Rooftop Units- Part 2: Field Investigation Publication Type Journal Article...

320

Summary Short-Term Petroleum and Natural Gas Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table of Contents. Summary Short-Term Petroleum. and Natural Gas Outlook. WTI Crude Oil Price: Base Case and 95% Confidence Interval. Real and Nominal Crude Oil Prices

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Energy-weighted industrial...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Energy-weighted industrial production indices December 2013 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy...

322

Effect of copper coatings on the interfacial between short carbon ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Short carbon fiber reinforced aluminum alloy matrix composites were prepared by stir casting. The fibers were coated copper by electroless ...

323

EIA Short-Term and Winter Fuels Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Washington, DC, October 12, 2011 Source: EIA Short-Term Energy Outlook, October 2011 History : Heating Oil Howard Gruenspecht, Winter Fuels Outlook 14

324

Are Refiners Entering a Golden Age or a Short Cycle?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

a Short Cycle? A presentation exploring the factors driving higher prices, margins, and light-heavy price differentials in today's market, and what these observations may imply...

325

Short-Term Energy Outlook - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook October 2013 2 Projected Winter Fuel Expenditures by Fuel and Region

326

DSOPilot project Automatic receipt of short circuiting indicators...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Project Name DSOPilot project Automatic receipt of short circuiting indicators Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"...

327

Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly/Biennial Updates  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Short-term forecasts of energy supply, demand, and price projections through 2001 for U.S. and International oil forecasts

Joe Ayoub

328

Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly/Biennial Updates  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Short-term forecasts of energy supply, demand, and price projections through 2001 for U.S. and International oil forecasts

2013-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

329

Short-Term Energy Outlook and Winter Fuels Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Short-Term Energy Outlook and Winter Fuels Outlook For NASEO Winter Fuels Outlook Conference November 1, 2013| Washington, DC By Adam Sieminski, Administrator EIA works closely...

330

EIA Short-Term and Winter Fuels Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA Short-Term and Winter Fuels Outlook ... March 31) for fossil fuels but not electricity . Percent change in fuel bills from last winter (forecast) Fuel .

331

Short communication: a larger clique for a DIMACS test  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization Online. Short communication: a larger clique for a DIMACS test. Andrea Grosso (grosso ***at*** di.unito.it) Marco Locatelli (locatell ***at*** ...

332

Optimization Online - TfMin: Short Reference Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 23, 2002 ... TfMin: Short Reference Manual. Jean-Baptiste Caillau (caillau ***at*** enseeiht.fr ) Joseph Gergaud (gergaud ***at*** enseeiht.fr)

333

Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short-Term Energy Outlook › ... Search EIA .gov. A-Z Index; A-Z ... Arizona's 250-megawatt Solana generation station became the first major solar ...

334

Short-Term Energy Outlook September 2002 Overview  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Forecasting System database, and Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels. Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook -- September 2002 10

335

Short Term Energy Outlook and Summer Fuels Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Projections: EIA, Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System database, and Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels (hydroelectric and nuclear).

336

Short-Term Energy Outlook - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and

337

Short Term Energy Outlook July - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System and by EIA’s office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels (hydroelectric and nuclear).

338

Short Term Energy Outlook Supplement - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement – June 2007 4 Figure 2. Major Hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico, 1995?2006

339

DOE/EIA-0202(84/1Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1Q) 1Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections February 1984 Published: March 1984 Energy Information Administration Washington, D.C. t rt jrt- .ort- iort- iort- .iort- iort- lort- Short-Term' Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term

340

Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

in September and range between $4.37 and $4.58 per MMBtu in the last 3 months of 2003 (Short-Term Energy Outlook, September 2003). Spot prices at the Henry Hub have fallen somewhat from the unusually high levels that prevailed in the first half of the year and most of July, as mild summer weather in many areas of the country has reduced cooling demand and allowed record storage refill rates. As of September 5, working gas levels were only 5.5 percent below the 5-year average and, barring any disruptions, are on target to reach 3 Tcf by the end of October. However, gas prices remain high-wellhead prices this summer are estimated to be 60 to 70 percent higher than levels last summer. Overall in 2003, wellhead prices are expected to average $4.84 per MMBtu, which is nearly $2 more than the 2002 annual average and the largest year-to-year increase on record. For 2004, assuming normal weather, wellhead prices are projected to drop by about $1 per MMBtu, or almost 20 percent, to $3.89 per MMBtu, as the overall supply situation improves.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

DOE/EIA-0202(88/1Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8/1Q) 8/1Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections January 1988 .m erm Term t-Term rt-Term jrt-Term ort-Term ion-Term ion-Term tort-Term jort-Term ion-Term ort-Term ore-Term rt-Term 't-Term -Term Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy "^nergy Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook ~">Mook Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term

342

Physics of short-wavelength-laser design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The physics and design of vuv and soft x-ray lasers pumped by ICF class high intensity infrared laser drivers are described (for example, the SHIVA laser facility at LLNL). Laser design and physics issues are discussed in the case of a photoionization pumping scheme involving Ne II and line pumping schemes involving H-like and He-like neon.

Hagelstein, P.L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Short-term energy outlook annual supplement, 1993  

SciTech Connect

The Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement (supplement) is published once a year as a complement to the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook), Quarterly Projections. The purpose of the Supplement is to review the accuracy of the forecasts published in the Outlook, make comparisons with other independent energy forecasts, and examine current energy topics that affect the forecasts.

NONE

1993-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

344

Analytical Model for the CMOS Short-Circuit Power Dissipation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A significant part of the power dissipation in CMOS digital circuits is due to the short-circuit currents. In this paper an accurate analytical model for the evaluation of the CMOS short-circuit power dissipation, on the basis of a CMOS inverter, is ...

L. Bisdounis; S. Nikolaidis; O. Koufopavlou

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Short circuit power estimation of static CMOS circuits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a simple method to estimate short-circuit power dissipation for static CMOS logic circuits. Short-circuit current expression is derived by accurately interpolating peak points of actual current curves which is influenced by the gate-to-drain ...

Seung-Ho Jung; Jong-Humn Baek; Seok-Yoon Kim

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Short-Circuit Modeling of a Wind Power Plant: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper investigates the short-circuit behavior of a WPP for different types of wind turbines. The short-circuit behavior will be presented. Both the simplified models and detailed models are used in the simulations and both symmetrical faults and unsymmetrical faults are discussed.

Muljadi, E.; Gevorgian, V.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Short-term energy outlook, annual supplement 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement (Supplement) is published once a year as a complement to the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook), Quarterly Projections. The purpose of the Supplement is to review the accuracy of the forecasts published in the Outlook, make comparisons with other independent energy forecasts, and examine current energy topics that affect the forecasts.

Not Available

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Radiation Therapy in the Management of Head-and-Neck Cancer of Unknown Primary Origin: How Does the Addition of Concurrent Chemotherapy Affect the Therapeutic Ratio?  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To determine how the addition of cisplatin-based concurrent chemotherapy to radiation therapy influences outcomes among a cohort of patients treated for head-and-neck cancer of unknown primary origin. Methods and Materials: The medical records of 60 consecutive patients treated by radiation therapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck presenting as cervical lymph node metastasis of occult primary origin were reviewed. Thirty-two patients (53%) were treated by concurrent chemoradiation, and 28 patients (47%) were treated by radiation therapy alone. Forty-five patients (75%) received radiation therapy after surgical resection, and 15 patients (25%) received primary radiation therapy. Thirty-five patients (58%) were treated by intensity-modulated radiotherapy. Results: The 2-year estimates of overall survival, local-regional control, and progression-free survival were 89%, 89%, and 79%, respectively, among patients treated by chemoradiation, compared to 90%, 92%, and 83%, respectively, among patients treated by radiation therapy alone (p > 0.05, for all). Exploratory analysis failed to identify any subset of patients who benefited from the addition of concurrent chemotherapy to radiation therapy. The use of concurrent chemotherapy was associated with a significantly increased incidence of Grade 3+ acute and late toxicity (p < 0.001, for both). Conclusions: Concurrent chemoradiation is associated with significant toxicity without a clear advantage to overall survival, local-regional control, and progression-free survival in the treatment of head-and-neck cancer of unknown primary origin. Although selection bias cannot be ignored, prospective data are needed to further address this question.

Chen, Allen M., E-mail: allen.chen@ucdmc.ucdavis.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States); Farwell, D. Gregory [Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States); Lau, Derick H. [Department of Medical Oncology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States); Li Baoqing [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States); Luu, Quang; Donald, Paul J. [Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States)

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Short fiction creative writing: storytelling with a film perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The research and material contained in this thesis will examine short story theory from current perspectives in the field and provide a response to questions posed about the composition of short fiction. A critical introduction will take into account these theories and lead into a collection of five short stories written from a filmmaking perspective. The collection of work provided represents an attempt to break stereotype in the construction and formatting of what is considered standard short story material. Focus for the collection concerns sensory perception, elements of film (flashback sequencing and extended exposition) and gender/race identity. Through the critical introduction and short story collection, the completed thesis will prove that the study and practice of creative writing cannot be regulated by a set of technical guidelines.

Francis, James

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

September 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Highlights ï‚· Brent crude oil spot prices have increased at a relatively steady pace from their 2012 low of $89 per barrel on June 25 to their recent high of $117 per barrel on August 23 because of the seasonal tightening of oil markets and continuing unexpected production outages. EIA expects Brent crude oil prices to fall from recent highs over the rest of 2012, averaging $111 per barrel over the last 4 months of 2012 and $103 per barrel in 2013. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot prices rose by a more modest $17 per barrel between June 25 and August 23, as the WTI discount to Brent crude oil widened from $10 per barrel to $22 per barrel. EIA expects WTI spot prices to average

351

Prompt gamma activation analysis (PGAA) and short-lived neutron activation analysis (NAA) applied to the characterization of legacy materials  

SciTech Connect

Without quality historical records that provide the composition of legacy materials, the elemental and/or chemical characterization of such materials requires a manual analytical strategy that may expose the analyst to unknown toxicological hazards. In addition, much of the existing legacy inventory also incorporates radioactivity, and, although radiological composition may be determined by various nuclear-analytical methods, most importantly, gamma-spectroscopy, current methods of chemical characterization still require direct sample manipulation, thereby presenting special problems with broad implications for both the analyst and the environment. Alternately, prompt gamma activation analysis (PGAA) provides a'single-shot' in-situ, non-destructive method that provides a complete assay of all major entrained elemental constituents.1-3. Additionally, neutron activation analysis (NAA) using short-lived activation products complements PGAA and is especially useful when NAA activation surpasses the PGAA in elemental sensitivity.

Firestone, Richard B; English, G.A.; Firestone, R.B.; Perry, D.L.; Reijonen, J.P.; Leung, Ka-Ngo; Garabedian, G.F.; Molnar, G.L.; Revay, Zs.

2008-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

352

Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

average $2.83 per MMBtu in 2002 compared with about $4.00 last year (Short-Term Energy Outlook, June 2002). Average wellhead prices have increased by nearly 50 percent from $2.09 per MMBtu in February to an estimated $3.11 per MMBtu in May. Spot prices at the Henry Hub have also increased, rising more than $1.00 per MMBtu since early February. It is atypical to see higher spot gas prices in the cooling season than during the heating season, particularly when working gas in underground storage is at high levels, as it has been for the past several months. As of the end of May, working gas levels were more than 20 percent above the previous 5-year average for that month. Moreover, gas-directed drilling, while down sharply from summer 2001 levels, is still quite strong from a historical perspective. The gas rig count as of May 31 was up 22 percent from the recent low of 591 for the week ending April 5.

353

Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.41 per MMBtu in December 2003, although spot prices are expected to average $5.38 (Short-Term Energy Outlook, December 2003). The average wellhead price is expected to increase moderately to $4.56 during the first three months of 2004. Natural gas prices were lower in November than previously expected but forward price expectations remain sensitive to weather conditions. Prices increased rapidly in futures trading in early December as some cold weather moved into the Eastern United States and reported withdrawals from gas storage were slightly larger than expected. Spot prices above $5 per MMBtu remain likely over the next few months if normal (or colder) weather prevails, especially with oil prices remaining at relatively high levels. Natural gas storage levels are still above average and hold the potential to push prices back down if warm temperatures and weak heating demand materialize later in the winter, just as upward spikes remain a strong possibility if the weather turns cold.

354

Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 per MMBtu during the last 3 months of 2003 and increase to $4.32 in January 2004 (Short-Term Energy Outlook, October 2003). Prices have fallen somewhat from the unusually high levels that prevailed in the first half of the year and most of July, as mild summer weather and reduced industrial demand allowed record storage refill rates. As of October 3, 2003, working gas levels were only 1 percent below the 5-year average and, barring any disruptions, are on target to reach 3 Tcf by the end of October. With the improved storage situation, wellhead prices during the upcoming heating season (November through March), assuming normal weather, are expected to be about 13 percent less than last winter ($4.17 vs. $4.68 per MMBtu). But prices in the residential sector are projected to be about 9 percent higher than last winter, as the recent decline in wellhead prices is too recent and insufficient to offset the impact of the substantial spring-summer increase in wellhead prices on residential prices. Overall in 2003, wellhead prices are expected to average $4.75 per MMBtu, which is nearly $2 more than the 2002 annual average and the largest year-to-year increase on record. For 2004, wellhead prices are projected to drop by nearly $0.90 per MMBtu, or about 20 percent, to $3.86 per MMBtu as the overall supply situation improves.

355

Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5.57 per MMBtu in January 2004 and $5.40 in February, and then decrease to $4.77 in March as the heating season winds down (Short-Term Energy Outlook, January 2004). Spot prices were quite variable in December, with prices at the Henry Hub starting the month at around $5.00 per MMBtu, spiking to roughly $7.00 in the middle of the month, then falling to $5.50 toward the end of the month as warmer-than-normal weather eased demand. Spot prices will likely remain well above $5.00 over the next few months if normal or colder weather prevails, especially with oil prices remaining at relatively high levels. (Oil prices this winter are expected to average $31.35 per barrel (19 cents higher than last winter's average), or 5.41 per MMBtu.) Natural gas storage levels were 8 percent above average as of January 2, which could place downward pressure on prices if warm temperatures and weak heating demand occur later this winter, just as rising prices are possible if the weather becomes colder. Overall in 2004, natural gas wellhead prices are expected to average $4.73 per MMBtu, while spot prices will average nearly $5.00. In 2005, natural gas spot prices are projected to fall to an average of $4.83 per MMBtu under the assumption that domestic and imported supply can continue to grow by about 1-1.5 percent per year.

356

Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

the rest of the winter and the first part of spring, with prices averaging $5.19 per MMBtu through March and $4.58 in April (Short-Term Energy Outlook, February 2004). Wellhead prices for the current heating season (November 2003 through March 2004) are expected to average $4.99 per MMBtu, or about 7 percent higher than last winter's level. Spot prices at the Henry Hub averaged $5.90 per MMBtu in January as cold temperatures (6 percent colder than normal nationally and 19 percent colder than normal in the Northeast) kept natural gas prices and heating demand high. Despite the severe weather, natural gas storage stocks were 3 percent above average as of January 30 and spot prices in early February have moved down somewhat. Overall in 2004, spot prices are expected to average about $4.90 per MMBtu and wellhead prices are expected to average $4.63 per MMBtu, declining moderately from the 2003 levels. In 2005, natural gas spot prices are projected to average about $5.00 per MMBtu, under the assumption that domestic and imported supply can continue to grow by about 1 percent per year.

357

Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

prices will remain relatively high during the storage refill season (April through October) and the rest of 2004. Wellhead prices are expected to average $4.87 per MMBtu in April and May, $4.71 from June through October, and $5.12 for November and December (Short-Term Energy Outlook, April 2004). Spot prices during the storage refill months will likely average $5.23 per MMBtu, virtually the same as the average price ($5.22) this past heating season. Overall in 2004, spot prices are expected to average $5.31 per MMBtu, slightly less than the 2003 price ($5.35), while wellhead prices will average about $4.90. In 2005, natural gas spot prices will likely average about $5.25 per MMBtu, under the assumption that domestic supply can continue to grow by about 1 percent per year. Total available supply (including imports and storage inventories) is expected to increase to 22.31 Tcf in 2004 compared with 21.78 Tcf in 2003. Storage stocks at the end of the traditional heating season (March 31) were about 6 percent less than the 5-year average but nearly 50 percent more than year-earlier levels.

358

An Empirical Analysis of Analysts' Target Prices: Short Term . . .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a large database of analysts' target prices, we examine short-term market reactions to target price announcements and long-term co-movement of target and stock prices. We find a significant market reaction to the information contained in analysts' target prices, both unconditional and conditional on contemporaneously issued stock recommendations and earnings forecast revisions. For example, the spread in average announcement day abnormal returns between positive and negative target price revisions is as high as 7 percent. We also find that stock recommendations and earnings forecast revisions are informative controlling for the information in target prices. Using a cointegration approach, we explore the long-term behavior of market and target prices and estimate the system's long-term equilibrium. In this equilibrium a typical firm's one-year ahead target price is 22 percent higher than its current market price. Finally, while market prices react to the information conveyed in analysts' reports, we show that any subsequent corrections towards the long-term equilibrium are, in effect, done by analysts alone.

Alon Brav; Reuven Lehavy

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

DOE/EIA-0202(84/2QH Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2QH 2QH Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections May 1984 Published: June 1984 Energy Information Administration Washington, D.C. t rt jrt .ort lort .iort .iort- iort- iort- '.ort- ort- .m .erm Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term Term i-Term rTerm -Term xrm uergy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy ^nergy Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Short-Tern Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term

360

Investigation of astrophysical phenomena in short time scales with "Pi of the Sky" apparatus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis the data analysis designed by author for the "Pi of the Sky" experiment is presented. The data analysis consists of data reduction and specific algorithms for identification of short time scale astrophysical processes. The algorithms have been tested and their efficiency has been determined and described. The "Pi of the Sky" prototype is collecting data since June 2004 and algorithms could be intensively studied and improved during over 700 nights. A few events of confirmed astrophysical origin and above 100 events in 10s time scale of unknown nature have been discovered. During the data collection period 3 Gamma Ray Bursts (out of 231) occurred in the field of view of the telescope, but no optical counterpart has been found. The upper limits for brightness of the optical counterpart have been determined. The continuous monitoring of the sky and own trigger for optical flashes allowed to determine limits on the number of GRBs without corresponding gamma-ray detection. This allowed determining limits on the ratio of emission collimation in optical and gamma bands, which is R >= 4.4. The perspectives of the full "Pi of the Sky" system has been studied and number of positive detections has been estimated on the level of ~ 2.5 events per year.

Marcin Sokolowski

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

COMPACT BINARY PROGENITORS OF SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, detailed observations and accurate numerical simulations have provided support to the idea that mergers of compact binaries containing either two neutron stars (NSs) or an NS and a black hole (BH) may constitute the central engine of short gamma-ray bursts (SGRBs). The merger of such compact binaries is expected to lead to the production of a spinning BH surrounded by an accreting torus. Several mechanisms can extract energy from this system and power the SGRBs. Here we connect observations and numerical simulations of compact binary mergers, and use the current sample of SGRBs with measured energies to constrain the mass of their powering tori. By comparing the masses of the tori with the results of fully general-relativistic simulations, we are able to infer the properties of the binary progenitors that yield SGRBs. By assuming a constant efficiency in converting torus mass into jet energy, {epsilon}{sub jet} = 10%, we find that most of the tori have masses smaller than 0.01 M{sub Sun }, favoring 'high-mass' binary NSs mergers, i.e., binaries with total masses {approx}> 1.5 the maximum mass of an isolated NS. This has important consequences for the gravitational wave signals that may be detected in association with SGRBs, since 'high-mass' systems do not form a long-lived hypermassive NS after the merger. While NS-BH systems cannot be excluded to be the engine of at least some of the SGRBs, the BH would need to have an initial spin of {approx}0.9 or higher.

Giacomazzo, Bruno [JILA, University of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Perna, Rosalba [JILA and Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Rezzolla, Luciano [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik, Albert-Einstein-Institut, Potsdam D-14476 (Germany); Troja, Eleonora [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Lazzati, Davide [Department of Physics, NC State University, 2401 Stinson Drive, Raleigh, NC 27695-8202 (United States)

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

362

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - August 2005  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook August 2005 Short-Term Energy Outlook - Regional Enhancements Starting with this edition of the Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO), EIA is introducing regional projections (the scope of which will vary by fuel) of energy prices, consumption, and production. The addition of regional data and forecasts will allow us to examine regional fuel demands and prices, regional fuel inventory trends, the interaction between regional electricity demand shifts, and regional electric generating capacity. This edition of STEO includes regional projections for heating oil, propane, and gasoline prices and natural gas and electricity demand and prices. Over the next 2 months, we will include additional regional

363

INTERPLANETARY NETWORK LOCALIZATIONS OF KONUS SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

SciTech Connect

Between the launch of the Global Geospace Science Wind spacecraft in 1994 November and the end of 2010, the Konus-Wind experiment detected 296 short-duration gamma-ray bursts (including 23 bursts which can be classified as short bursts with extended emission). During this period, the Interplanetary Network (IPN) consisted of up to 11 spacecraft, and using triangulation, the localizations of 271 bursts were obtained. We present the most comprehensive IPN localization data on these events. The short burst detection rate, {approx}18 yr{sup -1}, exceeds that of many individual experiments.

Pal'shin, V. D.; Svinkin, D. S.; Aptekar, R. L.; Golenetskii, S. V.; Frederiks, D. D.; Mazets, E. P.; Oleynik, P. P.; Ulanov, M. V. [Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, St. Petersburg, 194021 (Russian Federation); Hurley, K. [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, 7 Gauss Way, Berkeley, CA 94720-7450 (United States); Cline, T.; Trombka, J.; McClanahan, T. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Mitrofanov, I. G.; Golovin, D. V.; Kozyrev, A. S.; Litvak, M. L.; Sanin, A. B. [Space Research Institute, 84/32, Profsoyuznaya, Moscow 117997 (Russian Federation); Boynton, W.; Fellows, C.; Harshman, K., E-mail: val@mail.ioffe.ru [Department of Planetary Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); and others

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

364

Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, Third quarter 1995  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent projections with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the third quarter of 1995 through the fourth quarter of 1996. Values for the second quarter of 1995, however, are preliminary EIA estimates.

NONE

1995-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

365

Short-Term World Oil Price Forecast  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Notes: This graph shows monthly average spot West Texas Intermediate crude oil prices. Spot WTI crude oil prices peaked last fall as anticipated boosts to world supply from OPEC and other sources did not show up in actual stocks data. So where do we see crude oil prices going from here? Crude oil prices are expected to be about $28-$30 per barrel for the rest of this year, but note the uncertainty bands on this projection. They give an indication of how difficult it is to know what these prices are going to do. Also, EIA does not forecast volatility. This relatively flat forecast could be correct on average, with wide swings around the base line. Let's explore why we think prices will likely remain high, by looking at an important market barometer - inventories - which measures the

366

Modification of the Monte Carlo method for calculation of the influence of unknown placement of solid radioactive waste on the uncertainty of dose fields at different overall container dimensions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An approach to estimating the uncertainty of initial data in calculations by the Monte Carlo method is considered. The relative geometrical position of parts of the analyzed system is assumed to be unknown. The influence of different approximations in the description of the geometrical shape of system objects is studied. The effect of unknown location and approximate shape description of solid radioactive waste in the container on the magnitude of dose fields is considered for photon transport problems.

Androsenko, P. A.; Kolganov, K. M., E-mail: smilodonam@yandex.ru; Mogulyan, V. G. [National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, Obninsk Institute for Nuclear Power Engineering (Russian Federation)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

367

DOE/EIA-0202(85/2Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2Q) 2Q) Short-Term Energy Outlook amm Quarterly Projections April 1985 Published: May 1985 Energy Information Administration Washington, D C t rt jrt .ort lort .iort iort iort lort '.ort ort .erm -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term xrm nergy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term

368

Methods for short-circuit identification and location in automobiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the number of electrical components in cars increases at a rapid rate, so too does the chance for electrical failure. A method for locating shorts to the chassis of a car is developed in this thesis. The developed ...

Crumlin, Alex Justin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Short-Term Climate Predictions for Water Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Short-term climate predictions (two weeks to two years) have many applications in operation of water supply and flood control facilities. They can influence use of water for irrigation, hydroelectric power production, flood control operation, ...

Charles A. McCullough

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Short-term CO? abatement in the European power sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the possibilities for short term abatement in response to a CO2 price through fuel switching in the European power sector. The model E-Simulate is used to simulate the electricity generation in Europe ...

Delarue, Erik D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

2012 Short Course Olive Oil Chemistry and Sensory Relationships  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Olive Oil Chemistry and Sensory Relationships held at the 103rd AOCS Annual Meeting and Expo. 2012 Short Course Olive Oil Chemistry and Sensory Relationships Olive Oil Chemistry and Sensory Relationships Saturday, April 28 -Sunday, A

372

Deep into the silenc: a collection of short stories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prefaced by a critical introduction, this thesis contains a collection of seven original short stories. As the stories move in setting from wide open spaces into more enclosed spaces, each piece concentrates on the general theme of isolation and discovery.

Hornbuckle, Susan Lea

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Short-Term Climate Extremes: Prediction Skill and Predictability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Forecasts for extremes in short-term climate (monthly means) are examined to understand the current prediction capability and potential predictability. This study focuses on 2-m surface temperature and precipitation extremes over North and South ...

Emily J. Becker; Huug van den Dool; Malaquias Peña

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Short-Term Energy Outlook - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Short-Term Energy Outlook August 2013 2 Global Crude Oil and Liquid Fuels . The recent increase in crude oil and liquid fuels ...

375

Short-Term Forecast Validation of Six Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The short-term forecast accuracy of six different forecast models over the western United States is described for January, February, and March 1996. Four of the models are operational products from the National Centers for Environmental ...

Bryan G. White; Jan Paegle; W. James Steenburgh; John D. Horel; Robert T. Swanson; Louis K. Cook; Daryl J. Onton; John G. Miles

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Regional Short-Term Energy Model (RSTEM) Overview  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The Regional Short-Term Energy Model (RSTEM) utilizes estimated econometric relationships for demand, inventories and prices to forecast energy market outcomes across key sectors and selected regions throughout the United States.

Information Center

2009-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

377

Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook October 2013  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

and Winter Fuels Outlook October 2013 1 October 2013 Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook (STEO) Highlights EIA projects average U.S. household expenditures for natural...

378

Short Circuit Analysis of Induction Machines Wind Power Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

he short circuit behavior of Type I (fixed speed) wind turbine-generators is analyzed in this paper to aid in the protection coordination of wind plants of this type. A simple network consisting of one wind turbine-generator is analyzed for two network faults: a three phase short circuit and a phase A to ground fault. Electromagnetic transient simulations and sequence network calculations are compared for the two fault scenarios. It is found that traditional sequence network calculations give accurate results for the short circuit currents in the balanced fault case, but are inaccurate for the un-faulted phases in the unbalanced fault case. The time-current behavior of the fundamental frequency component of the short circuit currents for both fault cases are described, and found to differ significantly in the unbalanced and balanced fault cases

Starke, Michael R [ORNL; Smith, Travis M [ORNL; Howard, Dustin [Georgia Institute of Technology; Harley, Ronald [Georgia Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Evaluation of a Short-Range Multimodel Ensemble System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Forecasts from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction’s experimental short-range ensemble system are examined and compared with a single run from a higher-resolution model using similar computational resources. The ensemble consists of ...

Matthew S. Wandishin; Steven L. Mullen; David J. Stensrud; Harold E. Brooks

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Squat exercise biomechanics during short-radius centrifugation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Artificial gravity (AG) created by short-radius centrifugation is a promising countermeasure to the physiological de-conditioning that results from long-duration spaceflight. However, as on Earth, gravity alone does not ...

Duda, Kevin R., 1979-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Verification of Eta–RSM Short-Range Ensemble Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivated by the success of ensemble forecasting at the medium range, the performance of a prototype short-range ensemble forecast system is examined. The ensemble dataset consists of 15 case days from September 1995 through January 1996. There ...

Thomas M. Hamill; Stephen J. Colucci

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Sterile Neutrino Fits to Short-Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reviews short-baseline oscillation experiments as interpreted within the context of one, two, and three sterile neutrino models associated with additional neutrino mass states in the ~1?eV range. Appearance and ...

Conrad, J. M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Characteristics of Short Wavelength Compressional Alfven Eigenmodes  

SciTech Connect

Most Alfvenic activity in the frequency range between Toroidal Alfven Eigenmodes and roughly one half of the ion cyclotron frequency on NSTX [M. Ono, et al., Nucl. Fusion 40 (2000) 557], that is, approximately 0.3 MHz up to ? 1.2 MHz, are modes propagating counter to the neutral beam ions. These have been modeled as Compressional and Global Alfven Eigenmodes (CAE and GAE) and are excited through a Doppler-shifted cyclotron resonance with the beam ions. There is also a class of co-propagating modes at higher frequency than the counter-propagating CAE and GAE. These modes have been identified as CAE, and are seen mostly in the company of a low frequency, n=1 kink-like mode. In this paper we present measurements of the spectrum of these high frequency CAE (hfCAE), and their mode structure. We compare those measurements to a simple model of CAE and present evidence of a curious non-linear coupling of the hfCAE and the low frequency kink-like mode.

Fredrickson, E D; Podesta, M; Bortolon, A; Crocker, N A; Gerhardt, S P; Bell, R E; Diallo, A; LeBlanc, B; Levinton, F M

2012-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

384

Wind Power Integration: Smoothing Short-Term Power Fluctuations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the rapid growth of wind power generation, utility systems are beginning to feel the intermittent and variable nature of these wind resources in electricity transmission and distribution system operations. Both short-term power fluctuations resulting from gusty winds and longer term variations resulting from diurnal wind speed variations and shifting weather patterns can affect utility power delivery as well as grid operations. This report addresses the characteristics of short-term power fluctuatio...

2005-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

385

Model documentation of the Short-Term Coal Analysis System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The short-term coal analysis system (SCOAL) is used by the Data Analysis and Forecasting Branch (DAFB) as an analytic aid to support preparation of short-term projections of bituminous coal and lignite production at the state level, and anthracite production, domestic imports of coal, and domestic and export demand for US coal at the national level. A description of SCOAL is presented which includes a general overview of the model and its analytical capabilities. (DMC)

Not Available

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Optimal Consumption Problem in a Diffusion Short-Rate Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a problem of an optimal consumption strategy on the infinite time horizon when the short-rate is a diffusion process. General existence and uniqueness theorem is illustrated by the Vasicek and so-called invariant interval models. We show also that when the short-rate dynamics is given by a Brownian motion or a geometric Brownian motion, then the value function is infinite.

Synowiec, Daniel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Short-term energy outlook: Annual supplement, 1987  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) publishes forecasts of short-term energy supply, demand, and prices in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). This volume, Short-Term Energy Outlook, Annual Supplement, (Supplement) discusses major changes in the forecasting methodology, analyzes previous forecast errors, and examines current issues that affect EIA's short-term energy forecasts. The principal users of the Supplement are managers and energy analysts in private industry and government. Chapter 2 evaluates the accuracy of previous short-term energy forecasts and the major assumptions underlying these forecasts published in the last 13 issues of the Outlook. Chapter 3 compares the EIA's present energy projections with past projections and with recent projections made by other forecasting groups. Chapter 4 analyzes the 1986 increase in residual fuel oil demand after 8 consecutive years of decline. Sectoral analysis shows where and why this increase occurred. Chapter 5 discusses the methodology, estimation, and forecasts of fossil fuel shares used in the generation of electricity. Chapter 6 presents an update of the methodology used to forecast natural gas demand, with an emphasis on sectoral disaggregation. Chapter 7 compares the current use of generation data as a representation of short-term electricity demand with proposed total and sectoral sales equations. 8 refs., 7 figs., 63 tabs.

1987-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

388

Role of Radiotherapy in the Treatment of Cervical Lymph Node Metastases From an Unknown Primary Site: Retrospective Analysis of 113 Patients  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The management of patients with cervical lymph-node metastases from unknown primary site (UPS) remains a matter of discussion. This study aimed to analyze the results and prognostic factors in a series of patients treated with radiotherapy. Methods and Materials: Data from 113 patients who presented with cervical lymph nodes metastases from UPS treated from 1980 to 2004 were reviewed. Eighty-seven patients (77.0%) were squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Ninety-one patients were treated with curative and 22 with palliative intent. Fifty-nine of 113 patients (52.2%) received surgery followed by radiotherapy and 54 of 113 (47.8%) received radiotherapy alone. Radiotherapy was delivered to the neck and pharyngeal mucosa in 67 patients and to the ipsilateral or bilateral neck in 45 patients. Twenty-one patients (18.5%) also received chemotherapy. Results: The 5-year overall survival rates were 40.7% for the entire group and 46.6% for the SCC subgroup. The occurrence of the occult primary was observed in 23 of 113 patients (20.3%), 19 (82.6%) within the head and neck region. At multivariate analysis, treatment with curative intent and extensive irradiation of bilateral neck and pharyngeal mucosa were favorable prognostic factors for the whole series, and treatment with curative intent, extensive irradiation of bilateral neck and pharyngeal mucosa, and absence of extracapsular spread were favorable prognostic factors for the SCC subgroup. Conclusions: Patients with cervical lymph node metastases from UPS have a similar prognosis to those affected by other head and neck malignancies. Curative treatment strategies including neck dissection and extensive irradiation by three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy resulted in significantly better outcomes.

Beldi, Debora [Radiotherapy Department, Hospital Maggiore della Carita, Novara (Italy); Jereczek-Fossa, Barbara A. [Radiotherapy Department, European Institute of Oncology, Milan (Italy); University of Milan, Milan (Italy); D'Onofrio, Alberto [Epidemiology and Biostatistics, European Institute of Oncology, Milan (Italy); Gambaro, Giuseppina [Radiotherapy Department, Hospital Maggiore della Carita, Novara (Italy); Fiore, Maria Rosaria [Radiotherapy Department, European Institute of Oncology, Milan (Italy); Pia, Francesco [Head and Neck Surgery, University of Piemonte Orientale-Hospital Maggiore della Carita, Novara (Italy); Chiesa, Fausto [Head and Neck Surgery, European Institute of Oncology, Milan (Italy); Orecchia, Roberto [Radiotherapy Department, European Institute of Oncology, Milan (Italy); University of Milan, Milan (Italy); Krengli, Marco [Radiotherapy Department, Hospital Maggiore della Carita, Novara (Italy); University of 'Piemonte Orientale', Novara (Italy)], E-mail: krengli@med.unipmn.it

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

389

Comparisons of Short Term Load Forecasting using Artificial Neural Network and Regression Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In power systems the next day’s power generation must be scheduled every day, day ahead short-term load forecasting (STLF) is a necessary daily task for power dispatch. Its accuracy affects the economic operation and reliability of the system greatly. Under prediction of STLF leads to insufficient reserve capacity preparation and in turn, increases the operating cost by using expensive peaking units. On the other hand, over prediction of STLF leads to the unnecessarily large reserve capacity, which is also related to high operating cost. the research work in this area is still a challenge to the electrical engineering scholars because of its high complexity. How to estimate the future load with the historical data has remained a difficulty up to now, especially for the load forecasting of holidays, days with extreme weather and other anomalous days. With the recent development of new mathematical, data mining and artificial intelligence tools, it is potentially possible to improve the forecasting result. This paper presents a new neural network based approach for short-term load forecasting that uses the most correlated weather data for training, validating and testing the neural network. Correlation analysis of weather data determines the input parameters of the neural networks. And its results compare to regression method. Index terms Load Forecasting, artificial neural network, short term

Mr. Rajesh Deshmukh; Dr. Amita Mahor

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Experimental Measurements of Short-Lived Fission Products from Uranium, Neptunium, Plutonium and Americium  

SciTech Connect

Fission yields are especially well characterized for long-lived fission products. Modeling techniques incorporate numerous assumptions and can be used to deduce information about the distribution of short-lived fission products. This work is an attempt to gather experimental (model-independent) data on the short-lived fission products. Fissile isotopes of uranium, neptunium, plutonium and americium were irradiated under pulse conditions at the Washington State University 1 MW TRIGA reactor to achieve ~108 fissions. The samples were placed on a HPGe (high purity germanium) detector to begin counting in less than 3 minutes post irradiation. The samples were counted for various time intervals ranging from 5 minutes to 1 hour. The data was then analyzed to determine which radionuclides could be quantified and compared to the published fission yield data.

Metz, Lori A.; Payne, Rosara F.; Friese, Judah I.; Greenwood, Lawrence R.; Kephart, Jeremy D.; Pierson, Bruce D.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook EIA Home > Natural Gas > Natural Gas Weekly Update Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook This summary is based on the most recent Short-Term Energy Outlook released May 6, 2002. EIA projects that natural gas wellhead prices will average $2.73 per MMBtu in 2002 compared with about $4.00 per MMBtu last year (Short-Term Energy Outlook, May 2002). This projection reflects the sharp increases in spot and near-term futures prices in recent weeks. Average wellhead prices have risen 38 percent from $2.14 per MMBtu in February to an estimated $2.96 in April. Spot prices at the Henry Hub have increased to an even greater extent, rising more than $1.50 per MMBtu since early February. The upward price trend reflects a number of influences, such as unusual weather patterns that have led to increased gas consumption, and tensions in the Middle East and rising crude oil prices. Other factors contributing to the recent price surge include the strengthening economy, the increased capacity and planned new capacity of gas-burning power plants, and concerns about the decline in gas-directed drilling.

392

Short-term energy outlook: Quarterly projections. Second quarter 1995  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent projections with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. (See Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement, DOE/EIA-0202.) The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the second quarter of 1995 through the fourth quarter of 1996. Values for the first quarter of 1995, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled into the second quarter 1995 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS database is archived quarterly and is available from the National Technical Information Service.

NONE

1995-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

393

STEO Supplement: Why are oil prices so high?  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration/Short Term Energy Outlook 1 STEO Supplement: Why are oil prices so high? During most of the 1990s, the West Texas Intermediate (WTI ...

394

DOE/EIA-0202(87/4Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4Q) 4Q) Energy Information Administration Short-Term Energy Outlook Quarterly Projections October 1987 i- rt- jrt ort lort lort lort- iort- lort- ort- ort Tt- " t- . m erm Perm -Term -Term -Term -Term ,-Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term -Term 71 e rrn TT1 "1 Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy Energy "nergy -cry Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook Outlook ""'tlook Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term Short-Term

395

DSOPilot project Automatic receipt of short circuiting indicators (Smart  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DSOPilot project Automatic receipt of short circuiting indicators (Smart DSOPilot project Automatic receipt of short circuiting indicators (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name DSOPilot project Automatic receipt of short circuiting indicators Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392°, 9.501785° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":56.26392,"lon":9.501785,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

396

Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement 1995  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5) 5) Distribution Category UC-950 Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement 1995 Energy Information Administration Office of Energy Markets and End Use U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Energy Information Administration/ Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement 1995 ii Contacts Contacts The Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement is prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), Office of Energy Markets and End Use (EMEU). General questions concerning the content of the report may be directed to W. Calvin Kilgore (202/586-1617),

397

Short-Term Energy Outlook, Annual Supplement 1994  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4) 4) Distribution Category UC-950 Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement 1994 Energy Information Administration Office of Energy Markets and End Use U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Energy Information Administration/ Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement 1994 ii Contacts Contacts The Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement is prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), Office of Energy Markets and End Use (EMEU). General questions concerning the content of the report may be directed to W. Calvin Kilgore (202/586-1617),

398

Summary Short-Term Petroleum and Natural Gas Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Short-Term Petroleum and Natural Gas Outlook Short-Term Petroleum and Natural Gas Outlook 1/12/01 Click here to start Table of Contents Summary Short-Term Petroleum. and Natural Gas Outlook WTI Crude Oil Price: Base Case and 95% Confidence Interval Real and Nominal Crude Oil Prices OPEC Crude Oil Production 1999-2001 Total OECD Oil Stocks* U.S. Crude Oil Inventory Outlook U.S. Distillate Inventory Outlook Distillate Stocks Are Important Part of East Coast Winter Supply Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices Consumer Winter Heating Costs U.S. Total Gasoline Inventory Outlook Retail Motor Gasoline Prices* U.S. Propane Total Stocks Average Weekly Propane Spot Prices Current Natural Gas Spot Prices: Well Above the Recent Price Range Natural Gas Spot Prices: Base Case and 95% Confidence Interval Working Gas in Storage (Percentage Difference fron Previous 5-Year Average)

399

Backside localization of open and shorted IC interconnections  

SciTech Connect

A new failure analysis technique has been developed for backside and frontside localization of open and shorted interconnections on ICs. This scanning optical microscopy technique takes advantage of the interactions between IC defects and localized heating using a focused infrared laser ({lambda} = 1,340 nm). Images are produced by monitoring the voltage changes across a constant current supply used to power the IC as the laser beam is scanned across the sample. The method utilizes the Seebeck Effect to localize open interconnections and Thermally-Induced Voltage Alteration (TIVA) to detects shorts. The interaction physics describing the signal generation process and several examples demonstrating the localization of opens and shorts are described. Operational guidelines and limitations are also discussed.

Cole, E.I. Jr.; Tangyunyong, P.; Barton, D.L.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Model documentation report: Short-Term Hydroelectric Generation Model  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to define the objectives of the Short- Term Hydroelectric Generation Model (STHGM), describe its basic approach, and to provide details on the model structure. This report is intended as a reference document for model analysts, users, and the general public. Documentation of the model is in accordance with the Energy Information Administration`s (AYE) legal obligation to provide adequate documentation in support of its models (Public Law 94-385, Section 57.b.2). The STHGM performs a short-term (18 to 27- month) forecast of hydroelectric generation in the United States using an autoregressive integrated moving average (UREMIA) time series model with precipitation as an explanatory variable. The model results are used as input for the short-term Energy Outlook.

Not Available

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Testing Mass Varying Neutrino With Short Gamma Ray Burst  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we study the possibility of probing for the absolute neutrino mass and its variation with short Gamma Ray Burst (GRB). We have calculated the flight time difference between a massive neutrino and a photon in two different approaches to mass varying neutrinos. Firstly we parametrize the neutrino mass as a function of redshift in a model independent way, then we consider two specific models where the neutrino mass varies during the evolution of the Quintessence fields. Our calculations show in general the value of the time delay is changed substantially relative to a constant neutrino mass. Furthermore our numerical results show that the flight time delay in these models is expected to be larger than the duration time of the short GRB, which opens a possibility of testing the scenario of mass varying neutrino with the short GRB.

Hong Li; Zigao Dai; Xinmin Zhang

2004-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

402

General Relativistic Binary Merger Simulations and Short Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent localization of some short-hard gamma ray bursts (GRBs) in galaxies with low star formation rates has lent support to the suggestion that these events result from compact object binary mergers. We discuss how new simulations in general relativity are helping to identify the central engine of short-hard GRBs. Motivated by our latest relativistic black hole-neutron star merger calculations, we discuss a scenario in which these events may trigger short-hard GRBs, and compare this model to competing relativistic models involving binary neutron star mergers and the delayed collapse of hypermassive neutron stars. Distinguishing features of these models may help guide future GRB and gravitational wave observations to identify the nature of the sources.

Joshua A. Faber; Thomas W. Baumgarte; Stuart L. Shapiro; Keisuke Taniguchi

2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

403

Electricity storage for short term power system service (Smart Grid  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

storage for short term power system service (Smart Grid storage for short term power system service (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Electricity storage for short term power system service Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392°, 9.501785° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":56.26392,"lon":9.501785,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

404

Optimization of a short-range proximity effect correction algorithm in e-beam lithography using GPGPUs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The e-beam lithography is used to provide high resolution circuit patterning for circuit fabrication processes. However, due to electron scattering in resist and substrate it occurs an undesired exposure of regions which are adjacent to the actual exposed ... Keywords: GPGPUs, PEC, e-beam lithography, proximity effect correction, short-range proximity effect

Max Schneider; Nikola Belic; Christoph Sambale; Ulrich Hofmann; Dietmar Fey

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

THE AFTERGLOW AND ENVIRONMENT OF THE SHORT GRB 111117A  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present multi-wavelength observations of the afterglow of the short GRB 111117A, and follow-up observations of its host galaxy. From rapid optical and radio observations, we place limits of r {approx}> 25.5 mag at {delta}t Almost-Equal-To 0.55 days and F{sub {nu}}(5.8 GHz) {approx}light curve at {delta}t {approx} 3-10 Degree-Sign (depending on the circumburst density). We conclude that Chandra observations of short GRBs are effective at determining precise positions and robust host galaxy associations in the absence of optical and radio detections.

Margutti, R.; Berger, E.; Fong, W.; Zauderer, B. A.; Soderberg, A. M.; Milisavljevic, D.; Sanders, N. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Cenko, S. B. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Greiner, J. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, D-85740 Garching (Germany); Cucchiara, A. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, UCO/Lick Observatory, University of California, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Rossi, A.; Klose, S.; Schmidl, S. [Thueringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Sternwarte 5, D-07778 Tautenburg (Germany)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Method and apparatus for synthesizing various short chain hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus, including novel photocatalysts, are disclosed for the synthesis of various short chain hydrocarbons. Light-transparent SiO{sub 2} aerogels doped with photochemically active uranyl ions are fluidized in a fluidized-bed reactor having a transparent window, by hydrogen and CO, C{sub 2}H{sub 4} or C{sub 2}H{sub 6} gas mixtures, and exposed to radiation from a light source external to the reactor, to produce the short chain hydrocarbons. 1 fig., 1 tab.

Colmenares, C.

1989-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

407

Luminosities and Space Densities of Short Gamma-Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the Euclidean value of as a cosmological distance indicator, we derive the isotropic-equivalent characteristic peak luminosity of gamma-ray bursts both longer and shorter than 2 s. The short bursts have essentially the same characteristic peak luminosity of 0.6 x 10^51 erg (0.064s)^-1 as do the long bursts. This may apply also to bursts with durations less than 0.25 s. The local space density of short bursts is around three times lower than that of long bursts.

Maarten Schmidt

2001-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

408

High-Energy Delayed Gamma Spectroscopy for Spent Nuclear Fuel Assay  

SciTech Connect

High-accuracy, direct, nondestructive measurement of fissile and fissionable isotopes in spent fuel, particularly the Pu isotopes, is a well-documented, but still unmet challenge in international safeguards. As nuclear fuel cycles propagate around the globe, the need for improved materials accountancy techniques for irradiated light-water reactor fuel will increase. This modeling study investigates the use of delayed gamma rays from fission-product nuclei to directly measure the relative concentrations of U-235, Pu-239, and Pu-241 in spent fuel assemblies. The method is based on the unique distribution of fission-product nuclei produced from fission in each of these fissile isotopes. Fission is stimulated in the assembly with a pulse-capable source of interrogating neutrons. The measured distributions of the short-lived fission products from the unknown sample are then fit with a linear combination of the known fission-product yield curves from pure U-235, Pu-239, and Pu-241 to determine the original proportions of these fissile isotopes. Modeling approaches for the intense gamma-ray background promulgated by the long-lived fission-product inventory and for the high-energy gamma-ray signatures emitted by short-lived fission products from induced fission are described. Benchmarking measurements are presented and compare favorably with the results of these models. Results for the simulated assay of simplified individual fuel elements ranging from fresh to 60 GWd/MTU burnup demonstrate the utility of the modeling methods for viability studies, although additional work is needed to more realistically assess the potential of High-Energy Delayed Gamma Spectroscopy (HEDGS).

Campbell, Luke W.; Smith, Leon E.; Misner, Alex C.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

First time nuclear material detection by one short-pulse-laser...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technical Articles First time nuclear material detection by one short-pulse-laser-driven neutron source First time nuclear material detection by one short-pulse-laser-driven...

410

EIA Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels OutlookWinter Fuels Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home heating oil retail price includes taxes. 16 Source: EIA Short-Term Energy Outlook, October 2012 Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook October 10, 2012.

411

Short-term energy outlook: Annual supplement 1989  

SciTech Connect

This Supplement is published once a year as a complement to the Short-Term Energy Outlook, Quarterly Projections (Outlook). The purpose is to review the accuracy of the forecasts presented in the Outlook, make comparisons with other independent energy forecasts, and examine current energy topics that affect the forecasts. A brief description of the content of each chapter follows below: Chapter 2 evaluates the accuracy of the short-term energy forecasts published in the last 6 issues of the Outlook, for 1988/1989. Chapter 3 discusses the economics of the petrochemical feedstock market, and describes a new model which more fully captures the determinants of feedstock demand. Chapter 4 examines present and proposed new methods of forecasting short-term natural gas prices at the wellhead and spot prices. Chapter 5 discusses the modeling of natural demand in the short term. Chapter 6 discusses regional trends in the demand for fuel by electric utilities. Chapter 7 focuses on industrial coal use trends in recent years. Chapter 8 compares EIA's base case energy projections as published in the Outlook (89/2Q) with recent projections made by three other major forecasting groups. The chapter focuses on macroeconomic assumptions, primary energy demand, and primary energy supply, showing the differences and similarities in the four forecasts.

1989-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

412

Under the skin: short-range embedded wireless technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The number of computing, telecommunications and electronic devices in everyday life has been rapidly increasing over the past two decades. Typically, personal computers and related devices are connected with special cables, whilst wireless devices such ... Keywords: Applications, Electronic devices, Short-range wireless, Standards

Stuart J. Barnes

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Nuclear Collective Excitation by a Short Strong Laser Pulse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the conditions on the average laser energy and the mean photon number such that a short strong laser pulse causes collective nuclear excitation. We use the Giant Dipole Resonance as a representative example, and a random-matrix description of the fine-structure states and perturbation theory as tools.

Weidenmueller, Hans A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Short Order Macromedia Dreamweaver 4, 1st edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From the Publisher:Short Order Macromedia Dreamweaver 4 is a task-based tutorial, perfect for teaching how to build and maintain sites in Dreamweaver. The step-by-step progression of the complete Web site creation process is presented in ...

Steve Moniz

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Heart Knowledge A short time after being diagnosed with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heart Knowledge A short time after being diagnosed with cancer in December of 2005 I was having healing." "Listen with your heart," he said. He insisted I put my full faith in my oncologist, my surgeon that I needed to attend to my "inner healing and heart knowledge." What did Cliff mean by "heart

O'Laughlin, Jay

416

Aspects of Effective Mesoscale, Short-Range Ensemble Forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study developed and evaluated a short-range ensemble forecasting (SREF) system with the goal of producing useful, mesoscale forecast probability (FP). Real-time, 0–48-h SREF predictions were produced and analyzed for 129 cases over the ...

F. Anthony Eckel; Clifford F. Mass

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Industrial Energy Auditing - A Short Course for Engineers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes an intensive five day short course, directed toward engineers currently working in industry, which provides the participants with the rudiments of industrial energy auditing. Experience has shown that this format of training can be successful if the course material is properly presented by experts in the various aspects of energy usage and conservation.

Witte, L. C.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

A comparative study of two short text semantic similarity measures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a comparative study of STASIS and LSA. These measures of semantic similarity can be applied to short texts for use in Conversational Agents (CAs). CAs are computer programs that interact with humans through natural language dialogue. ... Keywords: benchmark, dialogue management, natural language, semantic similarity, sentence, user modeling

James O'Shea; Zuhair Bandar; Keeley Crockett; David McLean

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Integrated Short Term Navigation of a Towed Underwater Body*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrated Short Term Navigation of a Towed Underwater Body* G. Damy' M. Joannides2 F. LeGland3 M. An underwater body, to be called here- after the fish, is towed by a surface ship at the end of a few hundred cannot provide any position estimates of an underwater body such as a towed fish, but only position

LeGland, François

420

Measuring Short-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

allow users to look up the demand reduction per device based on the daily maximum temperatureLBNL-5330E Measuring Short-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions for Operations and Settlement-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions for Operations and Settlement Josh Bode, Michael J. Sullivan Freeman

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Short-term hydropower production planning by stochastic programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within the framework of multi-stage mixed-integer linear stochastic programming we develop a short-term production plan for a price-taking hydropower plant operating under uncertainty. Current production must comply with the day-ahead commitments of ... Keywords: Hydropower, OR in energy, Scenarios, Stochastic programming

Stein-Erik Fleten; Trine Krogh Kristoffersen

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Efficient and short certificateless signatures secure against realistic adversaries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The notion of certificateless cryptography is aimed to eliminate the use of certificates in traditional public key cryptography and also to solve the key-escrow problem in identity-based cryptography. Many kinds of security models have been designed ... Keywords: Bilinear pairing, Certificateless signature, Cryptographic protocol, Digital signature, Random oracle model, Short signature

Raylin Tso; Xun Yi; Xinyi Huang

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

HEAT THAT GROWS ON TREES Short description of timber energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HEAT THAT GROWS ON TREES 6 Short description of timber energy · Along with hydro-electric power, wood is Switzerland's most important energy source. · Wood is CO2-neutral: in sustainably managed, a balance is maintained between growth and combustion). · Wood energy represents a welcome potential use

424

Molecular pulses: Population inversion with positively chirped short pulses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular pulses: Population inversion with positively chirped short pulses Jianshu Cao of molecular systems can be achieved with intense positively chirped broadband laser pulses. To provide and a four-level model is designed to demonstrate for molecular systems the correlation between the sign

Cao, Jianshu

425

Short-Term Solar Energy Forecasting Using Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Short-Term Solar Energy Forecasting Using Wireless Sensor Networks Stefan Achleitner, Tao Liu in power output is a major concern and forecasting is, therefore, a top priority. We propose a sensing infrastructure to enable sensing of solar irradiance with application to solar array output forecasting

Cerpa, Alberto E.

426

Enhancements to ANNSTLF, EPRI's Short Term Load Forecaster  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reliable hourly load forecasts are important to electric utilities, power marketers, energy service providers, and independent system operators. To meet this need, EPRI's Artificial Neural Net Short Term Load Forecaster (ANNSTLF), which is already implemented at more than thirty-five utilities, was recently enhanced for greater accuracy and user friendliness.

1997-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

427

Short-Term Energy Outlook: Quarterly projections. Fourth quarter 1993  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent cases with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. (See Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement, DOE/EIA-0202.) The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the fourth quarter of 1993 through the fourth quarter of 1994. Values for the third quarter of 1993, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated using actual weather data). The historical energy data are EIA data published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications.

Not Available

1993-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

428

Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, second quarter 1996  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Energy Information Administration prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections. The forecasts in this issue cover the second quarter of 1996 through the fourth quarter of 1997. Changes to macroeconomic measures by the Bureau of Economic Analysis have been incorporated into the STIFS model used.

NONE

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

RESEARCH ARTICLE Empirical assessment of short-term variability from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESEARCH ARTICLE Empirical assessment of short-term variability from utility-scale solar PV plants grid because additional system resources are required to maintain the grid's reliability. In this study-term variability; PV plant ramp rate; daily aggregate ramp rate; inverter shells *Correspondence Rob van Haaren

430

Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Search EIA.gov. A-Z Index; A-Z Index A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ ‹ Analysis & Projections Short-Term Energy Outlook . ...

431

Short-term energy outlook, Quarterly projections. Third quarter 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent cases with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. (See Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement, DOE/EIA-0202.) The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the third quarter of 1993 through the fourth quarter of 1994. Values for the second quarter of 1993, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated using actual weather data). The historical energy data are EIA data published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding.

NONE

1993-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

432

Toward Ultra Short Gamma Ray Burst Ground Based Detection, SGARFACE status  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the status and motivation of the Short GAmma Ray Front Air Cherenkov Experiment (SGARFACE) which will be operated parallel to standard Very High Energy gamma-ray observations using the Whipple 10m telescope. SGARFACE is sensitive to 100MeV-10GeV gamma-ray bursts with durations ranging from 100ns to 100us providing a fluence sensitivity as low as few $\\rm 1E-9 erg/cm^2. Preliminary data taking started in November 2002.

Stephan LeBohec; Frank Krennrich; Gary Sleege

2002-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

433

Supports for high tech : permanence and change in building system design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The obsolescence of our constantly changing built environment is leading architects, now more than ever, towards designing for unknown future requirements. This condition has become manifest in the design of "High Tech" ...

Luna Herrera, Pablo

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Greenhouse gas data, voluntary report- ing, electric power plant emissions. Highlights Short-Term Energy Outlook ...

435

Short-Term Energy Outlook Model Documentation: Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Emissions Model  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Description of the procedures for estimating carbon dioxide emissions in the Short-Term Energy Outlook

Information Center

2009-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

436

Short-pulse limits in optical instrumentation design for the SLAC Linac Cohereent Light Source (LCLS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Short-pulse limits in optical instrumentation design for the SLAC Linac Cohereent Light Source (LCLS)

Tatchyn, R

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Short-range wireless sensor networks for high density seismic monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

new oil and gas reservoir. The envisioned production peak of current oil and gas reservoirs is pushing for sub-surface diagnostic (for small earthquake monitoring) and exploration (for new oil and gas Receivers time Delivery time Source Receivers Shot Gas/Oil/Water Gas/Oil/Water Dip-slip fault Active seismic

Spagnolini, Umberto

438

The National Ignition Facility National Ignition Campaign Short Pulse Lasers High-Average-Power Laser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Average-Power Laser NIF-1005-11471 07BEW/dj P9765 Agenda #12;P9516NIF-0805-11197 01EIM/dj Stockpile Stewardship #12;P9504NIF-0404-08345r2 27EIM/ld Basic Science and Cosmology #12;NIF-0702-05346rIFSA Fusion Energy Campaign and point design NIF-0305-10564 23MLS/cld P8719 The NIF Laser User Optics Physics Operations

439

A Search for Short Duration Very High Energy Emission from Gamma-Ray Bursts.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Milagro is a water-Cherenkov detector capable of observing air showers produced by gamma rays with primary energies of approximately 100 GeV and higher. The wide… (more)

Noyes, David Carl

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Short pulse high power microwave generation from an axially extracted virtual cathode oscillator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Preliminary experimental results of an axially extracted virtual cathode oscillator (vircator) built on the low impedance pulsed electron beam accelerator AMBICA-600 is reported. The AMBICA-600 pulsed power system mainly comprises of a coaxial waterline ...

Rishi Verma; Anurag Shyam; Tushar Patel; Y. C. Saxena

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Development of high damage threshold optics for petawatt-class short-pulse lasers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors report laser-induced damage threshold measurements on pure and multilayer dielectrics and gold-coated optics at 1053 and 526 nm for pulse durations, {tau}, ranging from 140 fs to 1 ns. Damage thresholds of gold coatings are limited to 500 mJ/cm{sup 2} in the subpicosecond range for 1053-nm pulses. In dielectrics, qualitative differences in the morphology of damage and a departure from the diffusion-dominated {tau}1/2 scaling indicate that damage results from plasma formation and ablation for {tau}{le}10 ps and from conventional melting and boiling for {tau}>50 ps. A theoretical model based on electron production via multiphoton ionization, Joule heating, and collisional (avalanche) ionization is in quantitative agreement with both the pulsewidth and wavelength scaling of experimental results.

Stuart, B.C.; Perry, M.D.; Boyd, R.D. [and others

1995-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

442

Highly optimized fourth-order short-time approximation for path integrals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

higher convergence order does not help much. Nevertheless,example of order 5 constructed by the author does not

Predescu, Cristian

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Los Alamos National Laboratory's Safety Short program wins Department of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Innovation Award Innovation Award Los Alamos National Laboratory's Safety Short program wins Department of Energy Innovation Award The Lab's Safety Short products address practices that promote the well-being of every Lab worker throughout each day, both at work and at home. October 7, 2010 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

444

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - October 2005  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 1 October 2005 Short-Term Energy Outlook and Winter Fuels Outlook October 12, 2005 Release (Next Update: November 8, 2005) Overview Warnings from previous Outlooks about the potential adverse impacts of an active hurricane season on domestic energy supply and prices are unfortunately being reflected in the challenging realities brought about by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. The impact of the hurricanes on oil and natural gas production, oil refining, natural gas processing, and pipeline systems have further strained already-tight natural gas and petroleum product markets on the eve of the 2005-2006 heating season (October through March). This combined Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook provides a current view of domestic energy supply and

445

Working Group Reports A Short-Wave Radiometer Array Across  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 9 Working Group Reports A Short-Wave Radiometer Array Across the Tropical Pacific Ocean as a Component of the TOGA-TAO Buoy Array R. M. Reynolds Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York Introduction The purpose of this document is to bring together pertinent information concerning the NOAA TOGA-TAO buoy array so that a decision can be made for the following questions: 1. Are the scientific gains from an array of short-wave radiation sensors in the equatorial Pacific Ocean sufficiently impelling that DOE/ARM should provide financial and material support to NOAA/PMEL to install and operate this array? 2. What scientists and/or scientific studies would directly benefit from such a data set? 3. What should that array look like? That is, what sub-set of buoys should be so implemented given the per-buoy

446

Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook October 2013  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

and Winter Fuels Outlook October 2013 1 and Winter Fuels Outlook October 2013 1 October 2013 Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook (STEO) Highlights ï‚· EIA projects average U.S. household expenditures for natural gas and propane will increase by 13% and 9%, respectively, this winter heating season (October 1 through March 31) compared with last winter. Projected U.S. household expenditures are 2% higher for electricity and 2% lower for heating oil this winter. Although EIA expects average expenditures for households that heat with natural gas will be significantly higher than last winter, spending for gas heat will still be lower than the previous 5-year average (see EIA Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook slideshow). ï‚· Brent crude oil spot prices fell from a recent peak of $117 per barrel in early September to

447

Short protection device for stack of electrolytic cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electrical short protection is provided in an electrolytic cell stack by the combination of a thin, nonporous ceramic shield and a noble metal foil disposed on opposite sides of the sealing medium in a gas manifold gasket. The thin ceramic shield, such as alumina, is placed between the porous gasket and the cell stack face at the margins of the negative end plate to the most negative cells to impede ion current flow. The noble metal foil, for instance gold, is electrically coupled to the negative potential of the stack to collect positive ions at a harmless location away from the stack face. Consequently, corrosion products from the stack structure deposit on the foil rather than on the stack face to eliminate electrical shorting of cells at the negative end of the stack.

Katz, Murray (Newington, CT); Schroll, Craig R. (West Hartford, CT)

1985-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

448

Short-term hydroelectric generation model. Model documentation report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to define the objectives of the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) Short-Term Hydroelectric Generation Model (STHGM), describe its basic approach, and to provide details on the model structure. This report is intended as a reference document for model analysts, users, and the general public. Documentation of the model is in accordance with the EIA`s legal obligation to provide adequate documentation in support of its models.

NONE

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Method for fabricating photovoltaic device having improved short wavelength photoresponse  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Amorphous p-i-n silicon photovoltaic cells with improved short wavelength photoresponse are fabricated with reduced p-dopant contamination at the p/i interface. Residual p-dopants are removed by flushing the deposition chamber with a gaseous mixture capable of reacting with excess doping contaminants prior to the deposition of the i-layer and subsequent to the deposition of the p-layer.

Catalano, Anthony W. (P.O. Box 557, Rushland, PA 18956)

1989-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

450

Raman Scattering at Plasmonic Junctions Shorted by Conductive Molecular Bridges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intensity spikes in Raman scattering, accompanied by switching between line spectra and band spectra, can be assigned to shorting the junction plasmon through molecular conductive bridges. This is demonstrated through Raman trajectories recorded at a plasmonic junction formed by a gold AFM tip in contact with a silver surface coated either with biphenyl-4,4’-dithiol or biphenyl-4-thiol. The fluctuations are absent in the monothiol. In effect, the making and breaking of chemical bonds is tracked.

El-Khoury, Patrick Z.; Hu, Dehong; Apkarian, V. Ara; Hess, Wayne P.

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

451

Electricity price short-term forecasting using artificial neural networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the System Marginal Price (SMP) short-term forecasting implementation using the Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) computing technique. The described approach uses the three-layered ANN paradigm with back-propagation. The retrospective SMP real-world data, acquired from the deregulated Victorian power system, was used for training and testing the ANN. The results presented in this paper confirm considerable value of the ANN based approach in forecasting the SMP.

Szkuta, B.R.; Sanabria, L.A.; Dillon, T.S. [La Trobe Univ., Melbourne (Australia). Applied Computing Research Inst.

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Hyperstars - Main Origin of Short Gamma Ray Bursts?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The first well-localized short-duration gamma ray bursts (GRBs), GRB 050509b, GRB 050709 and GRB 050724, could have been the narrowly beamed initial spike of a burst/hyper flare of soft gamma ray repeaters (SGRs) in host galaxies at cosmological distances. Such bursts are expected if SGRs are young hyperstars, i.e. neutron stars where a considerable fraction of their neutrons have converted to hyperons and/or strange quark matter.

Arnon Dar

2005-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

453

Short-term energy outlook, Annual supplement 1995  

SciTech Connect

This supplement is published once a year as a complement to the Short- Term Energy Outlook, Quarterly Projections. The purpose of the Supplement is to review the accuracy of the forecasts published in the Outlook, make comparisons with other independent energy forecasts, and examine current energy topics that affect the forecasts. Chap. 2 analyzes the response of the US petroleum industry to the recent four Federal environmental rules on motor gasoline. Chap. 3 compares the EIA base or mid case energy projections for 1995 and 1996 (as published in the first quarter 1995 Outlook) with recent projections made by four other major forecasting groups. Chap. 4 evaluates the overall accuracy. Chap. 5 presents the methology used in the Short- Term Integrated Forecasting Model for oxygenate supply/demand balances. Chap. 6 reports theoretical and empirical results from a study of non-transportation energy demand by sector. The empirical analysis involves the short-run energy demand in the residential, commercial, industrial, and electrical utility sectors in US.

1995-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

454

Making Relativistic Positrons Using Ultra-Intense Short Pulse Lasers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a new positron source produced using ultra-intense short pulse lasers. Although it has been studied in theory since as early as the 1970s, the use of lasers as a valuable new positron source was not demonstrated experimentally until recent years, when the petawatt-class short pulse lasers were developed. In 2008 and 2009, in a series of experiments performed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, a large number of positrons were observed after shooting a millimeter thick solid gold target. Up to 2 x 10{sup 10} positrons per steradian ejected out the back of {approx}mm thick gold targets were detected. The targets were illuminated with short ({approx}1 ps) ultra-intense ({approx}1 x 10{sup 20} W/cm{sup 2}) laser pulses. These positrons are produced predominantly by the Bethe-Heitler process, and have an effective temperature of 2-4 MeV, with the distribution peaking at 4-7 MeV. The angular distribution of the positrons is anisotropic. For a wide range of applications, this new laser based positron source with its unique characteristics may complements the existing sources using radioactive isotopes and accelerators.

Chen, H; Wilks, S; Bonlie, J; Chen, C; Chen, S; Cone, K; Elberson, L; Gregori, G; Liang, E; Price, D; Van Maren, R; Meyerhofer, D D; Mithen, J; Murphy, C V; Myatt, J; Schneider, M; Shepherd, R; Stafford, D; Tommasini, R; Beiersdorfer, P

2009-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

455

Making relativistic positrons using ultraintense short pulse lasers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a new positron source using ultraintense short pulse lasers. Although it has been theoretically studied since the 1970s, the use of lasers as a valuable new positron source was not demonstrated experimentally until recent years, when the petawatt-class short pulse lasers were developed. In 2008 and 2009, in a series of experiments performed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, a large number of positrons were observed after shooting a millimeter thick solid gold target. Up to 2x10{sup 10} positrons/s ejected at the back of approximately millimeter thick gold targets were detected. The targets were illuminated with short (approx1 ps) ultraintense (approx1x10{sup 20} W/cm{sup 2}) laser pulses. These positrons are produced predominantly by the Bethe-Heitler process and have an effective temperature of 2-4 MeV, with the distribution peaking at 4-7 MeV. The angular distribution of the positrons is anisotropic. For a wide range of applications, this new laser-based positron source with its unique characteristics may complement the existing sources based on radioactive isotopes and accelerators.

Chen Hui; Wilks, S. C.; Bonlie, J. D.; Chen, S. N.; Cone, K. V.; Elberson, L. N.; Price, D. F.; Schneider, M. B.; Shepherd, R.; Stafford, D. C.; Tommasini, R.; Van Maren, R.; Beiersdorfer, P. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550-9234 (United States); Gregori, G. [Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PU (United Kingdom); Meyerhofer, D. D.; Myatt, J. [Laser Laboratory for Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

456

Short Circuit Current Contribution for Different Wind Turbine Generator Types  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An important aspect of wind power plant (WPP) impact studies is to evaluate the short circuit (SC) current contribution of the plant into the transmission network under different fault conditions. This task can be challenging to protection engineers due to the topology differences between different types of wind turbine generators (WTGs) and the conventional generating units. This paper represents simulation results for short circuit current contribution for different types of WTGs obtained through transient analysis using generic WTG models. The obtained waveforms are analyzed to explain the behavior, such as peak values and rate of decay, of the WTG. The effect of fault types and location, and the effect of the control algorithms of power converters on SC current contribution are investigated. It is shown that the response of the WPP to faults will vary based on the type of the installed WTGs. While in Type 1 and Type 2 WTGs, short circuit current will be determined by the physical characteristics of the induction generator, the contribu-tion of Type 3 and Type 4 WTG will be mostly characterized by the power converters control algorithms which are usually considered proprietary information by the wind turbine manufacturers.

Muljadi, E.; Samaan, Nader A.; Gevorgian, Vahan; Li, Jun; Pasupulati, Subbaiah

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

457

Multi-physics investigation on the failure mechanism and short-time scale wave motion in flip-chip configuration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The demands for higher clock speeds and larger current magnitude in high-performance flip-chip electronic packaging configurations of small footprint have inevitably raised the concern over rapid thermal transients and large thermal spatial gradients that could severely compromise package performance. Coupled electrical-thermal-mechanical multi-physics were explored to evaluate the concern and to establish the knowledge base necessary for improving flip-chip reliability. It was found that within the first few hundred nanoseconds upon power-on, there were fast attenuating, dispersive shock waves of extremely high frequency propagating in the package. The notions of high cycle fatigue, power density and joint time-frequency analysis were employed to characterize the waves and the various failure modes associated with the moving of these short-lived dynamical disturbances in bulk materials and along interfaces. A qualitative measure for failure was also developed which enables the extent of damages inflicted by short-time wave propagation to be calculated in the probability sense. Failure modes identified in this study are all in agreement with what have been observed in industry. This suggests that micron cracks or interfacial flaws initiated at the short-time scale would be further propagated by the CTE-induced thermal stresses at the long-time scale and result in eventual electrical disruptions. Although epoxy-based underfills with fillers were shown to be effective in alleviating thermal stresses and improving solder joint fatigue performance in thermal cycling tests of long-time scale, underfill material viscoelasticity was found to be insignificant in attenuating short-time scale wave propagation. On the other hand, the inclusion of Cu interconnecting layers in flip-chips was shown to perform significantly better than Al layers in suppressing short-time scale effects. These results imply that, if improved flip-chip reliability is to be achieved, all packaging constituent materials need to be formulated to have well-defined short-time scale and long-time scale properties. In addition, the results also suggest that the composition and layout of all packaging components be optimized to achieve discouraging or suppressing short-time scale dynamic effects. In summary, results reported herein and numerical procedures developed for the research would not just render higher packaging manufacturing yield, but also bring out significant impact on packaging development, packaging material formulation and micro-circuit layout design.

Oh, Yoonchan

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Paraconductivity of three-dimensional amorphous superconductors: evidence for a short-wavelength cutoff in the fluctuation spectrum  

SciTech Connect

Measurements of the temperature dependence and magnetic field dependence of the paraconductivity of a three dimensional amorphous superconductor are presented. The data are analyzed in terms of several current theories and are found to give good agreement for low fields and temperatures near T/sub c/. The paraconductivity falls well below predicted theoretical values in the high temperature and high field limits. This is attributed to the reduced role of high wavevector contributions to the paraconductivity. It is shown that the introduction of a short wavelength cutoff in the theoretical fluctuation spectrum provides a phenomelogical account of the discrepancy between theory and experiment.

Johnson, W.L.

1977-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Short-term energy outlook: Quarterly projections, second quarter 1997  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in January, April, July, and October in the Outlook. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the second quarter of 1997 through the fourth quarter of 1998. Values for the first quarter of 1997, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in EIA`s Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations that use the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated by using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the second quarter 1997 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS database is archived quarterly and is available from the National Technical Information Service. The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. Macroeconomic estimates are produced by DRI/McGraw-Hill but are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions about the world price of crude oil, energy product prices, and other assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic outlook. By varying the assumptions, alternative cases are produced by using the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS). 34 figs., 19 tabs.

NONE

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, first quarter 1996  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Outlook. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the first quarter of 1996 through the fourth quarter of 1997. Values for the fourth quarter of 1995, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled into the first quarter 1996 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS database is archived quarterly and is available from the National Technical Information Service. The cases are produced using the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS). The STIFS model is driven principally by three sets of assumptions or inputs: estimates of key macroeconomic variables, world oil price assumptions, and assumptions about the severity of weather. Macroeconomic estimates are produced by DRI/McGraw-Hill but are adjusted by EIA to reflect EIA assumptions about the world price of crude oil, energy product prices, and other assumptions which may affect the macroeconomic outlook.

NONE

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high unknown short" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - February 2005  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

February 2005 February 2005 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook February 2005 Winter Fuels Update (Figure 1) Despite some cold weather during the second half of January, expected average consumer prices for heating fuels this heating season are little changed since the January Outlook, leaving projections for household heating fuel expenditures about the same as previously reported. Heating oil expenditures by typical Northeastern households are expected to average 32 percent above last winter's levels, with residential fuel oil prices averaging $1.82 per gallon for the October-to-March period. Expenditures for propane-heated households are expected to increase about

462

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - January 2005  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

January 2005 January 2005 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook January 2005 Winter Fuels Update (Figure 1) Consumer prices for heating fuels are relatively unchanged since the December Outlook, leaving projections for household heating fuel expenditures about the same as previously projected, despite continued warm weather in the middle of the heating season. Heating oil expenditures by typical Northeastern households are expected to average 30 percent above last winter's levels, with residential fuel oil prices averaging $1.82 per gallon for the October-to-March period. Expenditures for propane-heated households are expected to increase about 20 percent this winter.

463

Electronic transport and localization in short and long DNA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The question of whether DNA conducts electric charges is intriguing to physicists and biologists alike. The suggestion that electron transfer/transport in DNA might be biologically important has triggered a series of experimental and theoretical investigations. Here, we review recent theoretical progress by concentrating on quantum-chemical, molecular dynamics-based approaches to short DNA strands and physics-motivated tight-binding transport studies of long or even complete DNA sequences. In both cases, we observe small, but significant differences between specific DNA sequences such as periodic repetitions and aperiodic sequences of AT bases, lambda-DNA, centromeric DNA, promoter sequences as well as random-ATGC DNA.

H. Wang; R. Marsh; J. P. Lewis; R. A. Roemer

2005-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

464

Short-range force between two Higgs bosons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The $S$-wave scattering length and the effective range of the Higgs boson in Standard Model are studied using effective-field-theory approach. After incorporating the first-order electroweak correction, the short-range force between two Higgs bosons remains weakly attractive for $M_H=126$ GeV. It is interesting to find that the force range is about two order-of-magnitude larger than the Compton wavelength of the Higgs boson, almost comparable with the typical length scale of the strong interaction.

Feng Feng; Yu Jia; Wen-Long Sang

2013-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

465

Nuclear Excitation by a Strong Short Laser Pulse  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We derive the conditions on laser energy and photon number under which a short strong laser pulse excites a collective nuclear mode. We use the Giant Dipole Resonance as a representative example, and a random-matrix description of the fine-structure states and perturbation theory as tools. We identify the relevant observable as the nuclear time-decay function. That function is the Fourier transform of the autocorrelation function of the associated scattering matrix and contains information not otherwise available. We evaluate that function in specific cases and show that it may deviate significantly from an exponential.

Weidenmueller, Hans A. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany)

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

466

Short-term energy outlook, quarterly projections, second quarter 1998  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections. The details of these projections, as well as monthly updates, are available on the Internet at: www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/steo/pub/contents.html. The paper discusses outlook assumptions; US energy prices; world oil supply and the oil production cutback agreement of March 1998; international oil demand and supply; world oil stocks, capacity, and net trade; US oil demand and supply; US natural gas demand and supply; US coal demand and supply; US electricity demand and supply; US renewable energy demand; and US energy demand and supply sensitivities. 29 figs., 19 tabs.

NONE

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Relativistic Positron Creation Using Ultraintense Short Pulse Lasers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We measure up to 2x10{sup 10} positrons per steradian ejected out the back of {approx}mm thick gold targets when illuminated with short ({approx}1 ps) ultraintense ({approx}1x10{sup 20} W/cm{sup 2}) laser pulses. Positrons are produced predominately by the Bethe-Heitler process and have an effective temperature of 2-4 MeV, with the distribution peaking at 4-7 MeV. The angular distribution of the positrons is anisotropic. Modeling based on the measurements indicate the positron density to be {approx}10{sup 16} positrons/cm{sup 3}, the highest ever created in the laboratory.

Chen Hui; Wilks, Scott C.; Bonlie, James D.; Price, Dwight F.; Beiersdorfer, Peter [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Liang, Edison P. [Rice University, Houston, Texas 77005 (United States); Myatt, Jason; Meyerhofer, David D. [University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States)

2009-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

468

Computing Three-Point Functions for Short Operators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute the three-point structure constants for short primary operators of N=4 super Yang-Mills theory to leading order in the inverse coupling by mapping the problem to a flat-space string theory calculation. We check the validity of our procedure by comparing to known results for three chiral primaries. We then compute the three-point functions for any combination of chiral and non-chiral primaries, with the non-chiral primaries all dual to string states at the first massive level. Along the way we find many cancellations that leave us with simple expressions, suggesting that integrability is playing an important role.

Till Bargheer; Joseph A. Minahan; Raul Pereira

2013-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

469

On Mass Conservation in High-Order High-Resolution Rigorous Remapping Schemes on the Sphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is the purpose of this short article to analyze mass conservation in high-order rigorous remapping schemes, which contrary to flux-based methods, relies on elaborate integral constraints over overlap areas and reconstruction functions. For ...

Christoph Erath; Peter H. Lauritzen; Henry M. Tufo

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Dispersants for Tube Fouling Control: Volume 1: Qualifications for a Short-Term Trial at ANO-2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the methodology and results of a detailed qualification program for injection of a high-purity polyacrylate dispersant into the secondary system of a pressurized water reactor (PWR) with recirculating steam generators. The dispersant inhibits corrosion product deposition, thereby mitigating sludge buildup and reducing tube fouling in nuclear steam generators. The qualification work was performed expressly for a short-term field trial at Arkansas Nuclear One Unit 2 (ANO-2) as part o...

2001-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

471

Analysis of the Performance Benefits of Short-Term Energy Storage in Wind-Diesel Hybrid Power Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A variety of prototype high penetration wind-diesel hybrid power systems have been implemented with different amounts of energy storage. They range from systems with no energy storage to those with many hours worth of energy storage. There has been little consensus among wind-diesel system developers as to the appropriate role and amount of energy storage in such systems. Some researchers advocate providing only enough storage capacity to supply power during the time it takes the diesel genset to start. Others install large battery banks to allow the diesel(s) to operate at full load and/or to time-shift the availability of wind-generated electricity to match the demand. Prior studies indicate that for high penetration wind-diesel systems, short-term energy storage provides the largest operational and economic benefit. This study uses data collected in Deering, Alaska, a small diesel-powered village, and the hybrid systems modeling software Hybrid2 to determine the optimum amount of short-term storage for a particular high penetration wind-diesel system. These findings were then generalized by determining how wind penetration, turbulence intensity, and load variability affect the value of short term energy storage as measured in terms of fuel savings, total diesel run time, and the number of diesel starts.

Shirazi, M.; Drouilhet, S.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

A Very Short Ruthenium(II) - Nitrogen Heterocycle Bond  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Very Short Ruthenium(II) - Nitrogen Heterocycle Bond: The Crystal Very Short Ruthenium(II) - Nitrogen Heterocycle Bond: The Crystal Structures of Pentaammine(N-methylpyrazinium)ruthenium(II) Iodide and Pentaammine(N-methylpyrazinium)ruthenium(III) p-Toluenesulfonate Pentahydrate James F. Wishart, Avi Bino and Henry Taube Inorg. Chem. 25, 3318-3321 (1986) Abstract: The crystal structures of [(NH3)5Ru(NC4H4NCH3)] I3 and [(NH3)5Ru(NC4H4NCH3)] (CH3C6H4SO3)4°5H2O have been solved to weighted R factors of 0.053 and 0.083, respectively. For the former structure, the space group is Pmma with a = 10.655(2)Å, b = 7.704(1)Å, c = 21.488(3)Å, and Z = 4. The Ru(II)-N(Mepyz) distance of 1.95(1)Å in this complex is the shortest yet reported for a ruthenium(II) to heteroctclic nitrogen bond. A difference of 0.04(1)Å between the cis (2.122(7)Å and 2.136(8)Å) and

473

Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

range from $2.91 to $3.19 per MMBtu through December 2002 and then increase to $3.53 in January 2003, the peak demand month of the heating season (Short-Term Energy Outlook, October 2002). Natural gas prices climbed sharply in late September as hurricanes Isidore and Lili caused production shut downs in the Gulf of Mexico. However, this price surge is expected to be short-lived, unless the weather in October is unusually cold or if additional storm activity in the Gulf curbs production further. Overall in 2002, wellhead prices are expected to average about $2.76 per MMBtu compared with $4.00 in 2001. Prices during the upcoming heating season (November through March), assuming normal weather, are expected to average $3.32 per MMBtu, which is about $0.96 higher than last winter's price. Prices to residential customers during the heating season are expected to average $7.55 per MMBtu compared with $7.14 last winter.

474

Short rotation wood crops program: Annual progress report for 1986  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes accomplishments in the Short Rotation Woody Crops Program (SRWCP) for the year ending September 30, 1986. The program is sponsored by the US Department of Energy's Biofuels and Municipal Waste Technology Division and consists of research projects at 29 institutions and corporations. The SRWCP is an integrated program of research and development devoted to a single objective: improving the productivity, cost efficiency, and fuel quality of wood energy crops as feedstocks for conversion to liquid and gaseous fuels. SRWCP directives have shifted from species-screening and productivity evaluations to large-scale viability trials of model species selected for their productivity potential and environmental compatibility. Populus was chosen the lead genera of five model species, and initial steps were taken toward organizing a Populus Research Consortium. Production yields from SRWCP research plots and coppice studies are discussed along with new efforts to model growth results and characteristics on a tree and stand basis. Structural and chemical properties of short-rotation intensive culture wood have been evaluated to determine the desirability of species traits and the potential for genetic improvements. Innovative wood energy crop handling techniques are presented as significant cost reduction measures. The conclusion is that new specialized wood energy crops can be feasible with the advances that appear technically possible over the next 10 years. 34 refs., 9 figs., 7 tabs.

Ranney, J.W.; Wright, L.L.; Layton, P.A.; McNabb, W.A.; Wenzel, C.R.; Curtin, D.T.

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Light Sterile Neutrinos and Short Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Anomalies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study two possible explanations for short baseline neutrino oscillation anomalies, such as the LSND and MiniBooNE anti-neutrino data, and for the reactor anomaly. The first scenario is the mini-seesaw mechanism with two eV-scale sterile neutrinos. We present both analytic formulas and numerical results showing that this scenario could account for the short baseline and reactor anomalies and is consistent with the observed masses and mixings of the three active neutrinos. We also show that this scenario could arise naturally from an effective theory containing a TeV-scale VEV, which could be related to other TeV-scale physics. The minimal version of the mini-seesaw relates the active-sterile mixings to five real parameters and favors an inverted hierarchy. It has the interesting property that the effective Majorana mass for neutrinoless double beta decay vanishes, while the effective masses relevant to tritium beta decay and to cosmology are respectively around 0.2 and 2.4 eV. The second scenario contains o...

Fan, JiJi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Trading Puts and CDS on Stocks with Short Sale Ban  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We focus on the short sale ban of 2008 to examine the interaction between price discovery in banned stocks and the trading of options and CDS. Within the sample of banned stocks with exchange traded options, stocks whose put-call ratios are in the top quintile underperform the middle group by 1.56 % and 2.84%, respectively, over the next two- and five-day returns. By contrast, the bottom quintile does not perform differently from the middle group. Within the sample of banned stocks with CDS traded and using their one-day percentage change in CDS spreads as a signal, we find cross-sectional predictability CDS signal for future stock returns. Again, the predictability is asymmetric, driven mostly by stocks with more positive percentage change in CDS spreads, and therefore more negative information according to the CDS market. Overall, our results confirm that in the presence of short sale ban, it takes time for the negative information contained in either the options market or the CDS market to get incorporated into stock prices.

Sophie Xiaoyan Ni; Jun Pan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, third quarter 1996  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in January, April, July, and October in the Outlook. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the third quarter of 1996 through the fourth quarter of 1997. Values for the second quarter of 1996, however, are preliminary EIA estimates (for example, some monthly values for petroleum supply and disposition are derived in part from weekly data reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report) or are calculated from model simulations using the latest exogenous information available (for example, electricity sales and generation are simulated using actual weather data). The historical energy data, compiled in the third quarter 1996 version of the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) database, are mostly EIA data regularly published in the Monthly energy Review, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and other EIA publications. Minor discrepancies between the data in these publications and the historical data in this Outlook are due to independent rounding. The STIFS database is archived quarterly and is available from the National Technical Information Service.

NONE

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Assessing the level of service for shipments originating or terminating on short line railroads  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis measures railroad freight trip time and trip time reliability for freight rail shipments involving short lines in 2006. It is based on an underlying MIT study commissioned by members of the short line railroading ...

Alpert, Steven M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

2011 Short CourseNew Technologies in Oilseed Extraction and Edible Oil Refining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New Technologies in Oilseed Extraction and Edible Oil Refining ShortCourse held at the 102nd AOCS Annual Meeting and Expo. 2011 Short CourseNew Technologies in Oilseed Extraction and Edible Oil Refining New Technologies in Oilseed Extraction

480

Short White Paper Operational Considerations for U.S. Scientists Collaborating on Experimental  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Short White Paper Operational Considerations for U.S. Scientists Collaborating on Experimental program and to the success of the fusion program. This short paper makes suggestions as to how to make

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481

California’s Economic Outlook: Short-term Recovery But Longer-term Uncertainties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Long-Term Demographic Outlook for California and LosCALIFORNIA’S ECONOMIC OUTLOOK: SHORT-TERM RECOVERY BUTCalifornia’s short-term outlook remains one of expansion,

Hurd, Joseph; Mitchell, Daniel J.B.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

2010 Short Course New Technologies in Oilseed Extraction and Edible Oil Refining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New Technologies in Oilseed Extraction and Edible Oil Refining Short Course held at the 101st AOCS Annual Meeting and Expo. 2010 Short Course New Technologies in Oilseed Extraction and Edible Oil Refining New Technologies in Oilseed Extraction and

483

QUASI-PERIODIC OSCILLATIONS AND BROADBAND VARIABILITY IN SHORT MAGNETAR BURSTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The discovery of quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) in magnetar giant flares has opened up prospects for neutron star asteroseismology. However, with only three giant flares ever recorded, and only two with data of sufficient quality to search for QPOs, such analysis is seriously data limited. We set out a procedure for doing QPO searches in the far more numerous, short, less energetic magnetar bursts. The short, transient nature of these bursts requires the implementation of sophisticated statistical techniques to make reliable inferences. Using Bayesian statistics, we model the periodogram as a combination of red noise at low frequencies and white noise at high frequencies, which we show is a conservative approach to the problem. We use empirical models to make inferences about the potential signature of periodic and QPOs at these frequencies. We compare our method with previously used techniques and find that although it is on the whole more conservative, it is also more reliable in ruling out false positives. We illustrate our Bayesian method by applying it to a sample of 27 bursts from the magnetar SGR J0501+4516 observed by the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor, and we find no evidence for the presence of QPOs in any of the bursts in the unbinned spectra, but do find a candidate detection in the binned spectra of one burst. However, whether this signal is due to a genuine quasi-periodic process, or can be attributed to unmodeled effects in the noise is at this point a matter of interpretation.

Huppenkothen, Daniela; Watts, Anna L.; Uttley, Phil; Van der Horst, Alexander J.; Van der Klis, Michiel [Astronomical Institute ''Anton Pannekoek'', University of Amsterdam, Postbus 94249, 1090-GE Amsterdam (Netherlands); Kouveliotou, Chryssa [Office of Science and Technology, ZP12, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States); Goegues, Ersin [Sabanc Latin-Small-Letter-Dotless-I University, Orhanl Latin-Small-Letter-Dotless-I -Tuzla, Istanbul 34956 (Turkey); Granot, Jonathan [The Open University of Israel, 1 University Road, P.O. Box 808, Ra'anana 43537 (Israel); Vaughan, Simon [X-Ray and Observational Astronomy Group, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom); Finger, Mark H., E-mail: D.Huppenkothen@uva.nl [Universities Space Research Association, Huntsville, AL 35805 (United States)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

PLANET HUNTERS: ASSESSING THE KEPLER INVENTORY OF SHORT-PERIOD PLANETS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the results from a search of data from the first 33.5 days of the Kepler science mission (Quarter 1) for exoplanet transits by the Planet Hunters citizen science project. Planet Hunters enlists members of the general public to visually identify transits in the publicly released Kepler light curves via the World Wide Web. Over 24,000 volunteers reviewed the Kepler Quarter 1 data set. We examine the abundance of {>=}2 R{sub Circled-Plus} planets on short-period (inventory of planet candidates. Although performance drops rapidly for smaller radii, {>=}4 R{sub Circled-Plus} Planet Hunters {>=}85% efficient at identifying transit signals for planets with periods less than 15 days for the Kepler sample of target stars. Our high efficiency rate for simulated transits along with recovery of the majority of Kepler {>=}4 R{sub Circled-Plus} planets suggests that the Kepler inventory of {>=}4 R{sub Circled-Plus} short-period planets is nearly complete.

Schwamb, Megan E. [Yale Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Yale University, P.O. Box 208121, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States); Lintott, Chris J.; Lynn, Stuart; Smith, Arfon M.; Simpson, Robert J. [Oxford Astrophysics, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Fischer, Debra A.; Giguere, Matthew J.; Brewer, John M. [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Parrish, Michael [Adler Planetarium, 1300 S. Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL 60605 (United States); Schawinski, Kevin, E-mail: megan.schwamb@yale.edu [Department of Physics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

The Irradiation Origin of Beryllium Radioisotopes and Other Short-lived Radionuclides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two explanations exist for the short-lived radionuclides (T1 2 ? 5 Ma) present in the solar system when the calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions (CAIs) first formed. They originated either from the ejecta of a supernova or by the in situ irradiation of nebular dust by energetic particles. With a half-life of only 53 days, Beryllium-7 is then the key discriminant, since it can be made only by irradiation. Using the same irradiation model developed earlier by our group, we calculate the yield of 7 Be. Within model uncertainties associated mainly with nuclear cross sections, we obtain agreement with the experimental value. Moreover, if 7 Be and 10 Be have the same origin, the irradiation time must be short (a few to tens of years), and the proton flux must be of order F ? 2 × 10 10 cm ?2 s ?1. The x-wind model provides a natural astrophysical setting that gives the requisite conditions. In the same irradiation environment, 26 Al, 36 Cl and 53 Mn are also generated at the measured levels within model uncertainties, provided that irradiation occurs under conditions reminiscent of solar impulsive events (steep energy spectra and high 3 He abundance). The decoupling of the 26 Al and 10 Be observed in some rare CAIs receives a quantitative explanation when rare 1 Université Paris XI-Centre de Spectrométrie Nucléaire et de Spectrométrie de Masse (CSNSM), Bâtiment

Matthieu Gounelle; Frank H. Shu; Hsien Shang; A. E. Glassgold; K. E. Rehm; Typhoon Lee

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

CloudCast: Cloud Computing for Short-Term Weather Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CloudCast provides clients with personalized short-term weather forecasts based on their current location using cloud services

Dilip Kumar Krishnappa; David Irwin; Eric Lyons; Michael Zink

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

TESLA Report 2003-19 THE SHORT-RANGE TRANSVERSE WAKE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TESLA Report 2003-19 THE SHORT-RANGE TRANSVERSE WAKE FUNCTION FOR TESLA ACCELERATING STRUCTURE T of a Free Electron Laser in TESLA project requires very short bunches. It results in a very long interaction calculate the short-range transverse wakefields of the TESLA linac accelerating structure. Wake fields

488

Search for gravitational waves associated with the InterPlanetary Network short gamma ray bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Search for gravitational waves associated with the InterPlanetary Network short gamma ray bursts V with short gamma ray bursts detected by the InterPlanetary Network (IPN) during LIGO's fifth science run and Virgo's first science run. The IPN localisation of short gamma ray bursts is limited to extended error

California at Berkeley, University of

489

Experiments on multiple short-delay blasting of coal  

SciTech Connect

Investigation was made to determine conditions under which short-delay multiple blasting could be used in coal mines without causing ignition of gas, coal dust, or mixtures of gas and dust. Additional aims were to determine effects of blasting on mine roof; to find quantity and breakage of coal produced by multiple blasting; to measure amount of float dust formed during shooting; and to study relative time requirement in different blasting procedures. Various recommendations that should help greatly to reduce incidence of misfires are presented. Paper presented at Seventh International Conference of Directors of Safety in Mines Research at the Safety in Mines Research Establishment, Ministry of Fuel and Power, Buxton, England, July 7-12, 1952.

Nagy, J.; Hartmann, I.; Christofel, F.P.; Seiler, E.C.

1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Efficient Tracking for Short-Term Multi-Company Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tracking of shipments is an important element of customer service in the transportation industry; and essential for logistics services as merge-in-transit. However, contemporary tracking systems are designed for use within a single company, and are thus invariably inadequate for multi-company environments. The single company focus has led to a reduced span of monitoring and a diluted accessibility of information due to proprietary tracking codes and information architectures centred on the tracking service provider. This paper presents a novel forwarder-independent approach for solving the difficulties of tracking in multi-company supply networks. The research argues that the proposed tracking approach is superior to contemporary approaches for material flow tracking in short-term multi-company distribution networks.

Mikko Kärkkäinen; Timo Ala-Risku; Kary Främling

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Natural Gas Summary from the Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

63 and $2.72 per MMBtu during the months through October without the wide variations that occurred over the spring and early summer months (Short-Term Energy Outlook, August 2002). Prices are expected to be less variable unless unusually hot weather in late summer results in gas being diverted from storage to meet the added cooling demand, or colder-than-normal weather for October results in an unexpected drawdown of storage stocks. Overall in 2002, wellhead prices are expected to average about $2.73 per MMBtu compared with $4.00 in 2001. Prices during the upcoming heating season (November through March), assuming normal weather, are expected to average close to $3.12 per MMBtu, which is about $0.75 higher than last winter's price but only about 10-15 percent higher than current prices.

492

Microsoft Word - Alcoa_short-term_amendments_CX.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Mark Miller Account Executive, Long-term Sales and Purchases - PT-5 Proposed Action: Short-term Additional Amendments to the Alcoa Power Sales Agreement Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): A2 - Clarifying or administrative contract actions Location: Portland, OR and Ferndale, WA Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to execute one or more additional amendments to its existing 2009 Power Sales Agreement (Agreement) with Alcoa, Inc. (Alcoa) to further extend the Agreement's Initial Period provisions. The current date for expiration of these provisions under the most recent amendment (Amendment Number 2) is July 31, 2012.

493

Short period eclipsing binary candidates identified using SuperWASP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present light curves and periods of 53 candidates for short period eclipsing binary stars identified by SuperWASP. These include 48 newly identified objects with periods <2x10^4 seconds (~0.23d), as well as the shortest period binary known with main sequence components (GSC2314-0530 = 1SWASP J022050.85+332047.6) and four other previously known W UMa stars (although the previously reported periods for two of these four are shown to be incorrect). The period distribution of main sequence contact binaries shows a sharp cut-off at a lower limit of around 0.22d, but until now, very few systems were known close to this limit. These new candidates will therefore be important for understanding the evolution of low mass stars and to allow investigation of the cause of the period cut-off.

Norton, A J; Evans, T; West, R G; Wheatley, P J; Anderson, D R; Barros, S C C; Butters, O W; Cameron, A Collier; Christian, D J; Enoch, B; Faedi, F; Haswell, C A; Hellier, C; Holmes, S; Horne, K D; Lister, T A; Maxted, P F L; Parley, N; Pollacco, D; Simpson, E K; Skillen, I; Smalley, B; Southworth, J; Street, R A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Long vs. short-term energy storage:sensitivity analysis.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report extends earlier work to characterize long-duration and short-duration energy storage technologies, primarily on the basis of life-cycle cost, and to investigate sensitivities to various input assumptions. Another technology--asymmetric lead-carbon capacitors--has also been added. Energy storage technologies are examined for three application categories--bulk energy storage, distributed generation, and power quality--with significant variations in discharge time and storage capacity. Sensitivity analyses include cost of electricity and natural gas, and system life, which impacts replacement costs and capital carrying charges. Results are presented in terms of annual cost, $/kW-yr. A major variable affecting system cost is hours of storage available for discharge.

Schoenung, Susan M. (Longitude 122 West, Inc., Menlo Park, CA); Hassenzahl, William V. (,Advanced Energy Analysis, Piedmont, CA)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Short-range tests of the equivalence principle  

SciTech Connect

We tested the equivalence principle at short length scales by rotating a 3 ton {sup 238}U attractor around a compact torsion balance containing Cu and Pb test bodies. The observed differential acceleration of the test bodies toward the attractor, a{sub Cu}-a{sub Pb}=(1.0{+-}2.8)x10{sup -13} cm/s{sup 2}, should be compared to the corresponding gravitational acceleration of 9.2x10{sup -5} cm/s{sup 2}. Our results set new constraints on equivalence-principle violating interactions with Yukawa ranges down to 1 cm, and improve by substantial factors existing limits for ranges between 10 km and 1000 km. Our data also set strong constraints on certain power-law potentials that can arise from two-boson exchange processes. (c) 1999 The American Physical Society.

Smith, G. L. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Hoyle, C. D. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Gundlach, J. H. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Adelberger, E. G. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Heckel, B. R. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Swanson, H. E. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)

2000-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

496

Models for Short-Term Production Planning of Cogeneration Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The short-term production planning problem for a district heating system is a well-known but difficult optimization problem. In a district heating plant several types of energy producing units are used, the most important being the cogeneration unit, which produces both heat and electricity. The net electricity is sold at the electricity market. Most plants also have a heat water storage. Finding the optimal production of both heat and electricity and the optimal use of the heat water storage is a challenging mixed optimization problem. The production planning may be divided into two sub-problems. The unit commitment problem determines which units should be on or off and in which different mode the unit should run. The economic dispatch problem finds the optimal production plan given the units on and running modes. In this paper we formulate a new approach for the mathematical modeling of the economic dispatch problem. The model objective function is nonlinear, with nonlinear constrain...

Erik Dotzauer; Kenneth Holmström

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Thermal Performance of the LHC Short Straight Section Cryostat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The LHC Short Straight Section (SSS) cryostat houses and thermally protects in vacuum the cold mass which contains a twin-aperture superconducting quadrupole magnet and superconducting corrector magnets operating at 1.9 K in superfluid helium. In addition to mechanical requirements, the cryostat is designed to minimize the heat in-leak from the ambient temperature to the cold mass. Mechanical components linking the cold mass to the vacuum vessel such as support posts and an insulation vacuum barrier are designed to have minimum heat conductivity with efficient thermalisations for heat interception. Heat in-leak by radiation is reduced by employing multilayer insulation wrapped around the cold mass and an actively cooled aluminium thermal shield. The recent commissioning and operation of two SSS prototypes in the LHC Test String 2 have given a first experimental validation of the thermal performance of the SSS cryostat in nominal operating conditions. Temperature sensors mounted in critical locations provide a...

Bergot, J B; Nielsen, L; Parma, Vittorio; Rohmig, P; Roy, E

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Short Pulse X-rays at the APS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Short Pulse X-rays at the APS Workshop Summary Friday, May 9, 2008 Building 401, Room A5000 Organizers: Jin Wang (Argonne National Laboratory), Lin Chen (Argonne National Laboratory), David Reis ( University of Michigan ), Paul Evans ( University of Wisconsin ), Ali Nassiri (Argonne National Laboratory), and Linda Young ( Argonne National Laboratory) Agenda Registration - complete the visitor registration form. For "purpose of visit," please enter "APS SPX Workshop" https://www.aps.anl.gov/About/Visiting/visitor_registration.php On-site lodging is at the Argonne Guest House http://www.anlgh.org/ Travel to Argonne National Laboratory http://www.aps.anl.gov/About/Visiting/Directions/ Fees There is no charge for this workshop. Since the 2004 Lake Geneva Workshop, the APS has performed three years of

499

January 2013 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(STEO) (STEO) ï‚· This edition of the Short-Term Energy Outlook is the first to include forecasts for 2014. ï‚· EIA expects that the Brent crude oil spot price, which averaged $112 per barrel in 2012, will fall to an average of $105 per barrel in 2013 and $99 per barrel in 2014. The projected discount of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil to Brent, which averaged $18 per barrel in 2012, falls to an average of $16 per barrel in 2013 and $8 per barrel in 2014, as planned new pipeline capacity lowers the cost of moving Mid-continent crude oil to the Gulf Coast refining centers. ï‚· EIA expects that falling crude prices will help national average regular gasoline retail prices

500

Design and global optimization of high-efficiency solar thermal systems with tungsten cermets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar thermal, thermoelectric, and thermophotovoltaic (TPV) systems have high maximum theoretical efficiencies; experimental systems fall short because of losses by selective solar absorbers and TPV selective emitters. To ...

Chester, David A.