National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for high precision tester

  1. A High Temperature Hermetic Primer and a Variable Spring Tester

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Begeal, D.R.

    1994-05-01

    Percussion primers are used at Sandia to ignite energetic components such as pyrotechnic actuators and thermal batteries. This report describes a High Temperature Hermetic Primer (HTHP) that was developed to replace a previous G16 Percussion Primer Subassembly (Gl6PPS). The ignition mix in these primers is the same as in the discontinued Remington 44G16 (KC1O{sub 3}, SbS{sub 3}, and Ca{sub 2}Si). The HTHP has nearly the same sensitivity as the 44G16 and a significantly lower sensitivity than the G16PPS. In parallel with the HTHP development, we also designed a Variable Spring Tester (VST) to determine percussion primer ignition sensitivity with firing pins that have the same mass as those used in field applications. The tester is capable of accelerating firing pins over a velocity range of 100 to 600 inches per second for pins weighing up to 6 grams. The desired impulse can be preselected with an accuracy of better than {plus_minus}1%. The actual impulse is measured on every shot. The VST was characterized using the WW42Cl primer, as well as with the G16PPS and the HTHP. Compared to data from conventional ball drop testers, we found that ignition sensitivities were lower and there was less scatter in the sensitivity data. Our experiments indicate that ignition sensitivity is not strictly energy dependent, but also depends on the rate of deposition, or firing pin velocity in this case. Development results for the HTHP and Variable Spring Tester are discussed and design details are shown.

  2. High precision redundant robotic manipulator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Young, Kar-Keung David (Mountain View, CA)

    1998-01-01

    A high precision redundant robotic manipulator for overcoming contents imposed by obstacles or imposed by a highly congested work space. One embodiment of the manipulator has four degrees of freedom and another embodiment has seven degreed of freedom. Each of the embodiments utilize a first selective compliant assembly robot arm (SCARA) configuration to provide high stiffness in the vertical plane, a second SCARA configuration to provide high stiffness in the horizontal plane. The seven degree of freedom embodiment also utilizes kinematic redundancy to provide the capability of avoiding obstacles that lie between the base of the manipulator and the end effector or link of the manipulator. These additional three degrees of freedom are added at the wrist link of the manipulator to provide pitch, yaw and roll. The seven degrees of freedom embodiment uses one revolute point per degree of freedom. For each of the revolute joints, a harmonic gear coupled to an electric motor is introduced, and together with properly designed based servo controllers provide an end point repeatability of less than 10 microns.

  3. High precision redundant robotic manipulator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Young, K.K.D.

    1998-09-22

    A high precision redundant robotic manipulator for overcoming contents imposed by obstacles or imposed by a highly congested work space is disclosed. One embodiment of the manipulator has four degrees of freedom and another embodiment has seven degrees of freedom. Each of the embodiments utilize a first selective compliant assembly robot arm (SCARA) configuration to provide high stiffness in the vertical plane, a second SCARA configuration to provide high stiffness in the horizontal plane. The seven degree of freedom embodiment also utilizes kinematic redundancy to provide the capability of avoiding obstacles that lie between the base of the manipulator and the end effector or link of the manipulator. These additional three degrees of freedom are added at the wrist link of the manipulator to provide pitch, yaw and roll. The seven degrees of freedom embodiment uses one revolute point per degree of freedom. For each of the revolute joints, a harmonic gear coupled to an electric motor is introduced, and together with properly designed based servo controllers provide an end point repeatability of less than 10 microns. 3 figs.

  4. High Precision Radiometric Dating of Sedimentary Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanson, G. N.

    2006-09-19

    To develop field, petrographic and geochemical criteria to allow high precision U-Pb dating of sedimentary minerals within rapidly deposited sequences of carbonate and clastic rocks.

  5. High precision triangular waveform generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mueller, Theodore R. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1983-01-01

    An ultra-linear ramp generator having separately programmable ascending and descending ramp rates and voltages is provided. Two constant current sources provide the ramp through an integrator. Switching of the current at current source inputs rather than at the integrator input eliminates switching transients and contributes to the waveform precision. The triangular waveforms produced by the waveform generator are characterized by accurate reproduction and low drift over periods of several hours. The ascending and descending slopes are independently selectable.

  6. Explosives tester with heater

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Del Eckels, Joel (Livermore, CA); Nunes, Peter J. (Danville, CA); Simpson, Randall L. (Livermore, CA); Whipple, Richard E. (Livermore, CA); Carter, J. Chance (Livermore, CA); Reynolds, John G. (San Ramon, CA)

    2010-08-10

    An inspection tester system for testing for explosives. The tester includes a body and a swab unit adapted to be removeably connected to the body. At least one reagent holder and dispenser is operatively connected to the body. The reagent holder and dispenser contains an explosives detecting reagent and is positioned to deliver the explosives detecting reagent to the swab unit. A heater is operatively connected to the body and the swab unit is adapted to be operatively connected to the heater.

  7. Precision Crystal Calorimeters in High Energy Physics

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Ren-Yuan Zhu

    2010-01-08

    Precision crystal calorimeters traditionally play an important role in high energy physics experiments. In the last two decades, it faces a challenge to maintain its precision in a hostile radiation environment. This paper reviews the performance of crystal calorimeters constructed for high energy physics experiments and the progress achieved in understanding crystal?s radiation damage as well as in developing high quality scintillating crystals for particle physics. Potential applications of new generation scintillating crystals of high density and high light yield, such as LSO and LYSO, in particle physics experiments is also discussed.

  8. High-Precision Arithmetic in Mathematical Physics

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bailey, David; Borwein, Jonathan

    2015-05-12

    For many scientific calculations, particularly those involving empirical data, IEEE 32-bit floating-point arithmetic produces results of sufficient accuracy, while for other applications IEEE 64-bit floating-point is more appropriate. But for some very demanding applications, even higher levels of precision are often required. This article discusses the challenge of high-precision computation, in the context of mathematical physics, and highlights what facilities are required to support future computation, in light of emerging developments in computer architecture.

  9. High-Precision Computation and Mathematical Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, David H.; Borwein, Jonathan M.

    2008-11-03

    At the present time, IEEE 64-bit floating-point arithmetic is sufficiently accurate for most scientific applications. However, for a rapidly growing body of important scientific computing applications, a higher level of numeric precision is required. Such calculations are facilitated by high-precision software packages that include high-level language translation modules to minimize the conversion effort. This paper presents a survey of recent applications of these techniques and provides some analysis of their numerical requirements. These applications include supernova simulations, climate modeling, planetary orbit calculations, Coulomb n-body atomic systems, scattering amplitudes of quarks, gluons and bosons, nonlinear oscillator theory, Ising theory, quantum field theory and experimental mathematics. We conclude that high-precision arithmetic facilities are now an indispensable component of a modern large-scale scientific computing environment.

  10. High precision, rapid laser hole drilling

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chang, Jim J.; Friedman, Herbert W.; Comaskey, Brian J.

    2013-04-02

    A laser system produces a first laser beam for rapidly removing the bulk of material in an area to form a ragged hole. The laser system produces a second laser beam for accurately cleaning up the ragged hole so that the final hole has dimensions of high precision.

  11. High precision, rapid laser hole drilling

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chang, Jim J.; Friedman, Herbert W.; Comaskey, Brian J.

    2005-03-08

    A laser system produces a first laser beam for rapidly removing the bulk of material in an area to form a ragged hole. The laser system produces a second laser beam for accurately cleaning up the ragged hole so that the final hole has dimensions of high precision.

  12. High precision, rapid laser hole drilling

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chang, Jim J.; Friedman, Herbert W.; Comaskey, Brian J.

    2007-03-20

    A laser system produces a first laser beam for rapidly removing the bulk of material in an area to form a ragged hole. The laser system produces a second laser beam for accurately cleaning up the ragged hole so that the final hole has dimensions of high precision.

  13. SOFTWARE TESTING Tester's Job

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundu, Sukhamay

    allows multiple different acceptable outputs for some inputs. #12;8.4 BLACK-BOX TESTING · Based a requirement of category 5 w.r.t this test case. #define WORDLEN 20 void WordCharCounts(FILE *inFile) { int iSOFTWARE TESTING Tester's Job: · Find as many faults of different kinds as he can. · Certify some

  14. Portable high precision pressure transducer system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Piper, Thomas C. (Idaho Falls, ID); Morgan, John P. (Idaho Falls, ID); Marchant, Norman J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Bolton, Steven M. (Pocatello, ID)

    1994-01-01

    A high precision pressure transducer system for checking the reliability of a second pressure transducer system used to monitor the level of a fluid confined in a holding tank. Since the response of the pressure transducer is temperature sensitive, it is continually housed in an battery powered oven which is configured to provide a temperature stable environment at specified temperature for an extended period of time. Further, a high precision temperature stabilized oscillator and counter are coupled to a single board computer to accurately determine the pressure transducer oscillation frequency and convert it to an applied pressure. All of the components are powered by the batteries which during periods of availability of line power are charged by an on board battery charger. The pressure readings outputs are transmitted to a line printer and a vacuum florescent display.

  15. Portable high precision pressure transducer system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Piper, T.C.; Morgan, J.P.; Marchant, N.J.; Bolton, S.M.

    1994-04-26

    A high precision pressure transducer system is described for checking the reliability of a second pressure transducer system used to monitor the level of a fluid confined in a holding tank. Since the response of the pressure transducer is temperature sensitive, it is continually housed in an battery powered oven which is configured to provide a temperature stable environment at specified temperature for an extended period of time. Further, a high precision temperature stabilized oscillator and counter are coupled to a single board computer to accurately determine the pressure transducer oscillation frequency and convert it to an applied pressure. All of the components are powered by the batteries which during periods of availability of line power are charged by an on board battery charger. The pressure readings outputs are transmitted to a line printer and a vacuum fluorescent display. 2 figures.

  16. Inspection tester for explosives

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Haas, Jeffrey S. (San Ramon, CA); Simpson, Randall L. (Livermore, CA); Satcher, Joe H. (Patterson, CA)

    2007-11-13

    An inspection tester that can be used anywhere as a primary screening tool by non-technical personnel to determine whether a surface contains explosives. It includes a body with a sample pad. First and second explosives detecting reagent holders and dispensers are operatively connected to the body and the sample pad. The first and second explosives detecting reagent holders and dispensers are positioned to deliver the explosives detecting reagents to the sample pad. A is heater operatively connected to the sample pad.

  17. Faculty Position in Ultra High Precision Robotics & Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Candea, George

    , manipulation and metrology systems targeting additive manufacturing; · New kinematics, quasi-perfect guidings, actuators, transmission systems, sensors and methods targeting ultra-high precision additive manufacturingFaculty Position in Ultra High Precision Robotics & Manufacturing at the Ecole Polytechnique

  18. High Precision Predictions for Exclusive V H Production at the...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    High Precision Predictions for Exclusive V H Production at the LHC Citation Details In-Document Search Title: High Precision Predictions for Exclusive V H Production at the LHC ...

  19. High Precision Predictions for Exclusive V H Production at the...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    High Precision Predictions for Exclusive V H Production at the LHC Citation Details In-Document Search Title: High Precision Predictions for Exclusive V H Production at the LHC...

  20. Highly damped kinematic coupling for precision instruments

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hale, Layton C. (Livermore, CA); Jensen, Steven A. (Livermore, CA)

    2001-01-01

    A highly damped kinematic coupling for precision instruments. The kinematic coupling provides support while causing essentially no influence to its nature shape, with such influences coming, for example, from manufacturing tolerances, temperature changes, or ground motion. The coupling uses three ball-cone constraints, each combined with a released flexural degree of freedom. This arrangement enables a gain of higher load capacity and stiffness, but can also significantly reduce the friction level in proportion to the ball radius divided by the distance between the ball and the hinge axis. The blade flexures reduces somewhat the stiffness of the coupling and provides an ideal location to apply constrained-layer damping which is accomplished by attaching a viscoelastic layer and a constraining layer on opposite sides of each of the blade flexures. The three identical ball-cone flexures provide a damped coupling mechanism to kinematically support the projection optics system of the extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) system, or other load-sensitive apparatus.

  1. The Nearby Supernova Factory: Toward A High-Precision Spectro...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Conference: The Nearby Supernova Factory: Toward A High-Precision Spectro-Photometry Citation Details In-Document Search Title: The Nearby Supernova Factory: Toward A...

  2. Optimization Online - Efficient high-precision dense matrix algebra ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John Gunnels

    2008-11-10

    Nov 10, 2008 ... Efficient high-precision dense matrix algebra on parallel architectures for nonlinear discrete optimization. John Gunnels(gunnels ***at*** ...

  3. High-precision triangular-waveform generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mueller, T.R.

    1981-11-14

    An ultra-linear ramp generator having separately programmable ascending and decending ramp rates and voltages is provided. Two constant current sources provide the ramp through an integrator. Switching of the current at current source inputs rather than at the integrator input eliminates switching transients and contributes to the waveform precision. The triangular waveforms produced by the waveform generator are characterized by accurate reproduction and low drift over periods of several hours. The ascending and descending slopes are independently selectable.

  4. HIGH PRECISION FREQUENCY ESTIMATION FOR HARPSICHORD TUNING CLASSIFICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Simon

    HIGH PRECISION FREQUENCY ESTIMATION FOR HARPSICHORD TUNING CLASSIFICATION Dan Tidhar, Matthias of conservative transcription, and show that existing high-precision pitch estimation techniques are sufficient that "sound good" together) is de- rived from the sharing of partial frequencies. As musical instruments

  5. Achieving high-precision ground-based photometry for transiting exoplanets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guyon, Olivier

    Achieving high-precision ground-based photometry for transiting exoplanets Olivier Guyona, USA ABSTRACT Detection of transiting exoplanets requires high precision photometry, at the percent an ideally stable - but costly - environment for high precision photometry. Achieving high precision

  6. Finger wear detection for production line battery tester

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Depiante, E.V.

    1997-11-18

    A method is described for detecting wear in a battery tester probe. The method includes providing a battery tester unit having at least one tester finger, generating a tester signal using the tester fingers and battery tester unit with the signal characteristic of the electrochemical condition of the battery and the tester finger, applying wavelet transformation to the tester signal including computing a mother wavelet to produce finger wear indicator signals, analyzing the signals to create a finger wear index, comparing the wear index for the tester finger with the index for a new tester finger and generating a tester finger signal change signal to indicate achieving a threshold wear change. 9 figs.

  7. High-Precision Spectroscopy of Pulsating Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aerts, C; Desmet, M; Carrier, F; Zima, W; Briquet, M; De Ridder, J

    2007-01-01

    We review methodologies currently available to interprete time series of high-resolution high-S/N spectroscopic data of pulsating stars in terms of the kind of (non-radial) modes that are excited. We illustrate the drastic improvement of the detection treshold of line-profile variability thanks to the advancement of the instrumentation over the past two decades. This has led to the opportunity to interprete line-profile variations with amplitudes of order m/s, which is a factor 1000 lower than the earliest line-profile time series studies allowed for.

  8. High-Precision Spectroscopy of Pulsating Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Aerts; S. Hekker; M. Desmet; F. Carrier; W. Zima; M. Briquet; J. De Ridder

    2007-01-16

    We review methodologies currently available to interprete time series of high-resolution high-S/N spectroscopic data of pulsating stars in terms of the kind of (non-radial) modes that are excited. We illustrate the drastic improvement of the detection treshold of line-profile variability thanks to the advancement of the instrumentation over the past two decades. This has led to the opportunity to interprete line-profile variations with amplitudes of order m/s, which is a factor 1000 lower than the earliest line-profile time series studies allowed for.

  9. System and method for high precision isotope ratio destructive analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bushaw, Bruce A; Anheier, Norman C; Phillips, Jon R

    2013-07-02

    A system and process are disclosed that provide high accuracy and high precision destructive analysis measurements for isotope ratio determination of relative isotope abundance distributions in liquids, solids, and particulate samples. The invention utilizes a collinear probe beam to interrogate a laser ablated plume. This invention provides enhanced single-shot detection sensitivity approaching the femtogram range, and isotope ratios that can be determined at approximately 1% or better precision and accuracy (relative standard deviation).

  10. High precision measurements of Na-26 beta(-) decay 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grinyer, GF; Svensson, CE; Andreoiu, C.; Andreyev, AN; Austin, RAE; Ball, GC; Chakrawarthy, RS; Finlay, P.; Garrett, PE; Hackman, G.; Hardy, John C.; Hyland, B.; Iacob, VE; Koopmans, KA; Kulp, WD; Leslie, JR; Macdonald, JA; Morton, AC; Ormand, WE; Osborne, CJ; Pearson, CJ; Phillips, AA; Sarazin, F.; Schumaker, MA; Scraggs, HC; Schwarzenberg, J.; Smith, MB; Valiente-Dobon, JJ; Waddington, JC; Wood, JL; Zganjar, EF.

    2005-01-01

    High-precision measurements of the half-life and beta-branching ratios for the beta(-) decay of Na-26 to Mg-26 have been measured in beta-counting and gamma-decay experiments, respectively. A 4 pi proportional counter and fast tape transport system...

  11. Low cost robotic imaging system for high precision photometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guyon, Olivier

    Low cost robotic imaging system for high precision photometry Olivier Guyon (Subaru Telescope robotic, robust to weather, hardware failures, software errors automatic decision making (flats, darks angular resolution (with longer focal length lens) Installed Dec 30, 2010 ­ working robotically now New

  12. Precise energies of highly excited hydrogen and deuterium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kotochigova, Svetlana

    1373 Precise energies of highly excited hydrogen and deuterium Svetlana Kotochigova, Peter J. Mohr, and Barry N. Taylor Abstract: The energy levels of hydrogen and deuterium atoms are calculated to provide Rédaction] 1. Introduction In this article, we describe our calculation of the energy levels of hydrogen

  13. High Efficiency Positron Accumulation for High-Precision Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoogerheide, S Fogwell; Novitski, E; Gabrielse, G

    2015-01-01

    Positrons are accumulated within a Penning trap designed to make more precise measurements of the positron and electron magnetic moments. The retractable radioactive source used is weak enough to require no license for handling radioactive material and the radiation dosage one meter from the source gives an exposure several times smaller than the average radiation dose on the earth's surface. The 100 mK trap is mechanically aligned with the 4.2 K superconducting solenoid that produces a 6 tesla magnetic trapping field with a direct mechanical coupling.

  14. High precision electrostatic potential calculations for cylindrically symmetric lenses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwards, David Jr. [238 Marylyn Lane, Newark, Vermont 05871 (United States)

    2007-02-15

    A method is developed for a potential calculation within cylindrically symmetric electrostatic lenses using mesh relaxation techniques, and it is capable of considerably higher accuracies than currently available. The method involves (i) creating very high order algorithms (orders of 6, 8, and 10) for determining the potentials at points in the net using surrounding point values, (ii) eliminating the effect of the large errors caused by singular points, and (iii) reducing gradients in the high gradient regions of the geometry, thereby allowing the algorithms used in these regions to achieve greater precisions--(ii) and (iii) achieved by the use of telescopic multiregions. In addition, an algorithm for points one unit from a metal surface is developed, allowing general mesh point algorithms to be used in these situations, thereby taking advantage of the enhanced precision of the latter. A maximum error function dependent on a sixth order gradient of the potential is defined. With this the single point algorithmic errors are able to be viewed over the entire net. Finally, it is demonstrated that by utilizing the above concepts and procedures, the potential of a point in a reasonably high gradient region of a test geometry can realize a precision of less than 10{sup -10}.

  15. High-Precision Computation: Mathematical Physics and Dynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, D. H.; Barrio, R.; Borwein, J. M.

    2010-04-01

    At the present time, IEEE 64-bit oating-point arithmetic is suficiently accurate for most scientic applications. However, for a rapidly growing body of important scientic computing applications, a higher level of numeric precision is required. Such calculations are facilitated by high-precision software packages that include high-level language translation modules to minimize the conversion e ort. This pa- per presents a survey of recent applications of these techniques and provides someanalysis of their numerical requirements. These applications include supernova simulations, climate modeling, planetary orbit calculations, Coulomb n-body atomic systems, studies of the one structure constant, scattering amplitudes of quarks, glu- ons and bosons, nonlinear oscillator theory, experimental mathematics, evaluation of orthogonal polynomials, numerical integration of ODEs, computation of periodic orbits, studies of the splitting of separatrices, detection of strange nonchaotic at- tractors, Ising theory, quantum held theory, and discrete dynamical systems. We conclude that high-precision arithmetic facilities are now an indispensable compo- nent of a modern large-scale scientic computing environment.

  16. High-precision micro/nano-scale machining system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kapoor, Shiv G.; Bourne, Keith Allen; DeVor, Richard E.

    2014-08-19

    A high precision micro/nanoscale machining system. A multi-axis movement machine provides relative movement along multiple axes between a workpiece and a tool holder. A cutting tool is disposed on a flexible cantilever held by the tool holder, the tool holder being movable to provide at least two of the axes to set the angle and distance of the cutting tool relative to the workpiece. A feedback control system uses measurement of deflection of the cantilever during cutting to maintain a desired cantilever deflection and hence a desired load on the cutting tool.

  17. Precision optical slit for high heat load or ultra high vacuum

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Andresen, Nord C. (Hayward, CA); DiGennaro, Richard S. (Albany, CA); Swain, Thomas L. (Richmond, CA)

    1995-01-01

    This invention relates generally to slits used in optics that must be precisely aligned and adjusted. The optical slits of the present invention are useful in x-ray optics, x-ray beam lines, optical systems in which the entrance slit is critical for high wavelength resolution. The invention is particularly useful in ultra high vacuum systems where lubricants are difficult to use and designs which avoid the movement of metal parts against one another are important, such as monochrometers for high wavelength resolution with ultra high vacuum systems. The invention further relates to optical systems in which temperature characteristics of the slit materials is important. The present invention yet additionally relates to precision slits wherein the opposing edges of the slit must be precisely moved relative to a center line between the edges with each edge retaining its parallel orientation with respect to the other edge and/or the center line.

  18. Precision optical slit for high heat load or ultra high vacuum

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Andresen, N.C.; DiGennaro, R.S.; Swain, T.L.

    1995-01-24

    This invention relates generally to slits used in optics that must be precisely aligned and adjusted. The optical slits of the present invention are useful in x-ray optics, x-ray beam lines, optical systems in which the entrance slit is critical for high wavelength resolution. The invention is particularly useful in ultra high vacuum systems where lubricants are difficult to use and designs which avoid the movement of metal parts against one another are important, such as monochromators for high wavelength resolution with ultra high vacuum systems. The invention further relates to optical systems in which temperature characteristics of the slit materials is important. The present invention yet additionally relates to precision slits wherein the opposing edges of the slit must be precisely moved relative to a center line between the edges with each edge retaining its parallel orientation with respect to the other edge and/or the center line. 21 figures.

  19. Portable tester for determining gas content within a core sample

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Garcia, F. Jr.; Schatzel, S.J.

    1998-04-21

    A portable tester is provided for reading and displaying the pressure of a gas released from a rock core sample stored within a sealed container and for taking a sample of the released pressurized gas for chemical analysis thereof for subsequent use in a modified direct method test which determines the volume of gas and specific type of gas contained within the core sample. The portable tester includes a pair of low and high range electrical pressure transducers for detecting a gas pressure; a pair of low and high range display units for displaying the pressure of the detected gas; a selector valve connected to the low and high range pressure transducers and a selector knob for selecting gas flow to one of the flow paths; control valve having an inlet connection to the sealed container; and outlets connected to: a sample gas canister, a second outlet port connected to the selector valve means for reading the pressure of the gas from the sealed container to either the low range or high range pressure transducers, and a connection for venting gas contained within the sealed container to the atmosphere. A battery is electrically connected to and supplies the power for operating the unit. The pressure transducers, display units, selector and control valve means and the battery is mounted to and housed within a protective casing for portable transport and use. 5 figs.

  20. Portable tester for determining gas content within a core sample

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Garcia, Jr., Fred (Donora, PA); Schatzel, Steven J. (Bethel Park, PA)

    1998-01-01

    A portable tester is provided for reading and displaying the pressure of a gas released from a rock core sample stored within a sealed container and for taking a sample of the released pressurized gas for chemical analysis thereof for subsequent use in a modified direct method test which determines the volume of gas and specific type of gas contained within the core sample. The portable tester includes a pair of low and high range electrical pressure transducers for detecting a gas pressure; a pair of low and high range display units for displaying the pressure of the detected gas- a selector valve connected to the low and high range pressure transducers, a selector knob for selecting gas flow to one of the flow paths; control valve having an inlet connection to the sealed container, and outlets connected to: a sample gas canister, a second outlet port connected to the selector valve means for reading the pressure of the gas from the sealed container to either the low range or high range pressure transducers, and a connection for venting gas contained within the sealed container to the atmosphere. A battery is electrically connected to and supplies the power for operating the unit. The pressure transducers, display units, selector and control valve means and the battery is mounted to and housed within a protective casing for portable transport and use.

  1. Ion source for high-precision mass spectrometry

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Todd, P.J.; McKown, H.S.; Smith, D.H.

    1982-04-26

    The invention is directed to a method for increasing the precision of positive-ion relative abundance measurements conducted in a sector mass spectrometer having an ion source for directing a beam of positive ions onto a collimating slit. The method comprises incorporating in the source an electrostatic lens assembly for providing a positive-ion beam of circular cross section for collimation by the slit. 2 figures, 3 tables.

  2. Yale High Energy Physics Research: Precision Studies of Reactor Antineutrinos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeger, Karsten M.

    2014-09-13

    This report presents experimental research at the intensity frontier of particle physics with particular focus on the study of reactor antineutrinos and the precision measurement of neutrino oscillations. The experimental neutrino physics group of Professor Heeger and Senior Scientist Band at Yale University has had leading responsibilities in the construction and operation of the Daya Bay Reactor Antineutrino Experiment and made critical contributions to the discovery of non-zero$\\theta_{13}$. Heeger and Band led the Daya Bay detector management team and are now overseeing the operations of the antineutrino detectors. Postdoctoral researchers and students in this group have made leading contributions to the Daya Bay analysis including the prediction of the reactor antineutrino flux and spectrum, the analysis of the oscillation signal, and the precision determination of the target mass yielding unprecedented precision in the relative detector uncertainty. Heeger's group is now leading an R\\&D effort towards a short-baseline oscillation experiment, called PROSPECT, at a US research reactor and the development of antineutrino detectors with advanced background discrimination.

  3. Applied high resolution digital control for universal precision systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gawlik, Aaron John

    2008-01-01

    This thesis describes the design and characterization of a high-resolution analog interface for dSPACE digital control systems and a high-resolution, high-speed data acquisition and control system. These designs are intended ...

  4. A high precision, compact electromechanical ground rotation sensor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dergachev, V., E-mail: volodya@caltech.edu [LIGO Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, MS 100-36, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); DeSalvo, R. [LIGO Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, MS 100-36, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States) [LIGO Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, MS 100-36, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); University of Sannio, C.so Garibaldi 107, Benevento 82100 (Italy); Asadoor, M. [Mayfield Senior School, 500 Bellefontaine Street, Pasadena, California 91105 (United States) [Mayfield Senior School, 500 Bellefontaine Street, Pasadena, California 91105 (United States); Oklahoma State University, 219 Student Union, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74074 (United States); Bhawal, A. [Arcadia High School, 180 Campus Drive, Arcadia, California 91007 (United States) [Arcadia High School, 180 Campus Drive, Arcadia, California 91007 (United States); Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Gong, P. [Department of Precision Instrument, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China) [Department of Precision Instrument, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); School of Industrial and System Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0205 (United States); Kim, C. [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)] [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Lottarini, A. [Department of Computer Science, University of Pisa, Largo B. Pontecorvo 3, 56127 Pisa (Italy) [Department of Computer Science, University of Pisa, Largo B. Pontecorvo 3, 56127 Pisa (Italy); Department of Computer Science, Columbia University, 1214 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Minenkov, Y. [Sezione INFN Tor Vergata, via della Ricerca Scientifica  1, 00133 Roma (Italy)] [Sezione INFN Tor Vergata, via della Ricerca Scientifica  1, 00133 Roma (Italy); Murphy, C. [School of Physics, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Perth, Western Australia 6009 (Australia) [School of Physics, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Perth, Western Australia 6009 (Australia); University of Melbourne Grattan Street, Parkville VIC 3010 (Australia); O'Toole, A. [University of California, Los Angeles, 405 Hilgard Ave, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States) [University of California, Los Angeles, 405 Hilgard Ave, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Michigan Technological University, 1400 Townsend Dr, Houghton, Michigan 49931 (United States); Peña Arellano, F. E. [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)] [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); and others

    2014-05-15

    We present a mechanical rotation sensor consisting of a balance pivoting on a tungsten carbide knife edge. These sensors are important for precision seismic isolation systems, as employed in land-based gravitational wave interferometers and for the new field of rotational seismology. The position sensor used is an air-core linear variable differential transformer with a demonstrated noise floor of 1 × 10{sup ?11}m/?( Hz ). We describe the instrument construction and demonstrate low noise operation with a noise floor upper bound of 5.7 × 10{sup ?9} rad /?( Hz ) at 10 mHz and 6.4 × 10{sup ?10} rad /?( Hz ) at 0.1 Hz. The performance of the knife edge hinge is compatible with a behaviorur free of noise from dislocation self-organized criticality.

  5. Mold, flow, and economic considerations in high temperature precision casting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humbert, Matthew S

    2013-01-01

    Casting high temperature alloys that solidify through a noticeable two phase region, specifically platinum-ruthenium alloys, is a particularly challenging task due to their high melting temperature and this necessitates ...

  6. High precision magnetic susceptibility of novel magnets and supercondu...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    resistance region due to the effect of quantum mechanical tunneling, one can make a high resolution resonator (fundamental frequency of about 10 MHz) with a noise level of...

  7. High precision and continuous optical transport using a standing wave optical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin. University of

    High precision and continuous optical transport using a standing wave optical line trap Vassili://chaos.utexas.edu/ Abstract: We introduce the Standing Wave Optical Line Trap (SWOLT) as a novel tool for precise optical nanoparticles. © 2011 Optical Society of America OCIS codes: (000.2170) Equipment and techniques; (120

  8. High-precision CO2 isotopologue spectrometer with a difference-frequency-generation laser source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    High-precision CO2 isotopologue spectrometer with a difference-frequency-generation laser source A precision laser spectrometer for the detection of CO2 isotopes is reported. The spectrometer measures the fundamental absorption signatures of 13 C and 12 C isotopes in CO2 at 4.32 m using a tunable mid-IR laser

  9. Briefly Noted Towards High-Precision Machine Trans-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the partic- ular sub-language of that text. The high-level goal is to produce translations that read dealing with (wordy) party programs (good performance) and (concise) party manifestos (worse performance

  10. A High-Precision, Magnetically Levitated Positioning Stage Toward contactless actuation for industrial manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maggiore, Manfredi

    A High-Precision, Magnetically Levitated Positioning Stage Toward contactless actuation to replace mechanical microsteppers by magnetically levitated devices. Magnetically levitated microsteppers magnetic levitation devices utilizing the principle of electromagnetic reluctance to achieve planar

  11. High-precision position control of a heavy-lift manipulator in a dynamic environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garretson, Justin R. (Justin Richard)

    2005-01-01

    This thesis considers the control of a heavy-lift serial manipulator operating on the deck of a large ocean vessel. This application presents a unique challenge for high- precision control because the system must contend ...

  12. High-Precision Thermodynamics and Hagedorn Density of States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harvey B. Meyer

    2009-05-26

    We compute the entropy density of the confined phase of QCD without quarks on the lattice to very high accuracy. The results are compared to the entropy density of free glueballs, where we include all the known glueball states below the two-particle threshold. We find that an excellent, parameter-free description of the entropy density between 0.7Tc and Tc is obtained by extending the spectrum with the exponential spectrum of the closed bosonic string.

  13. Experimental Study of Hypernuclei Electroproduction by High Precision Spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tomislav Seva

    2009-12-01

    Jlab experiment E01-011, carried out in 2005 in JLab Hall C, is the second generation of the hypernuclear spectroscopy experiments by the (e,e{prime}K{sup +}) reaction. The (e,e{prime}K{sup +}) reaction is complimentary to the associated production reactions (K{sup -},{pi}{sup -}), ({pi}{sup +},K{sup +}) since, due to a larger momentum transfer to a hyperon, excitations of both spin-non-flip and spin-flip states are possible. The experiment uses high quality and continuous primary electron beam to produce neutron rich hypernuclei on various targets by the electroproduction. The experimental setup consists of splitter magnet, high resolution kaon spectrometer (HKS) and electron spectrometer (Enge) implemented in new configuration, the so called 'Tilt Method'. Production data was taken on multiple targets: CH{sub 2}, {sup 6}Li, {sup 7}Li, {sup 9}Be, {sup 10}B, {sup 12}C and {sup 28}Si. In present study the analysis of CH{sub 2}, {sup 12}C and {sup 28}Si is presented. The elementary processes of p(e,e{prime}K{sup +}){Lambda}/{Sigma} from CH{sup 2} data were used for calibration of the spectrometer optics and kinematics. The hypernuclear spectra of {sup 12}{sub {Lambda}}B was obtained with ground state resolution of 0.47 {+-} 0.07 MeV (FWHM), the best ever achieved. Feasibility of the electroproduction reaction to study medium to heavy targets has been proven with the first high resolution beyond p-shell hypernuclear spectra from {sup 28}{sub {Lambda}}Al hypernuclei. The obtained results of the E01-011 experiment confirmed that hypernuclear spectroscopy by the (e,e{prime}K{sup +}) reaction is a very useful technique.

  14. Precision high energy liner implosion experiments PHELIX [1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reass, William A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Baca, David M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Griego, Jeffrey R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Reinovsky, Robert E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rousculp, Christopher L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Turchi, Peter J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes the hardware design of a small megajoule sized transformer coupled pulse power system utilized to drive hydrodynamic liner experiments with a nominal current capability of 10 megAmperes. The resulting liner velocities and characteristics provide properties of physics interest. The capacitor banks utilize the ''Atlas'' plastic cased 60 kV, 60 kJ capacitors [2] and railgaps [3]. The air insulated marx'S are configured to dive a multi-filar toroidal transformer. The 4:1 multi-filar toroidal transformer is mechanically part of a circular disc line and this feature results in an attractive inductance budget. Because of the compact size, re-usable transformer, and resulting low maintenance cost, shot rates can be high compared to other ''large'' machines or explosively driven hydrodynamic methods. The PHELIX modeling, construction status, and test results will also be provided.

  15. High precision mass measurements of odd-odd T=1 nuclides for the study of the Isobaric Multiplet Mass Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacCormick, M; Atanasov, D; Blaum, K; Boehm, Ch; Borgmann, Ch; Breitenfeldt, M; Cakirli, R B; Cocolios, T E; Eliseev, S; Eronen, T; George, S; Herfurth, F; Herlert, A; Kisler, D; Kowalska, M; Kreim, S; Litvinov, Yu A; Lunney, D; Manea, V; Minaya Ramirez, E; Naimi, S; Neidherr, D; Rosenbusch, M; de Roubin, A; Schweikhard, L; Welker, A; Wienholtz, F; Wolf, R N; Zuber, K; Jokinen, A; Moore, I D; CERN. Geneva. ISOLDE and neutron Time-of-Flight Experiments Committee; INTC

    2014-01-01

    High precision mass measurements of odd-odd T=1 nuclides for the study of the Isobaric Multiplet Mass Equation

  16. High-Throughput, High-Precision Hot Testing Tool for High-Brightness

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool Fits the Bill Financing ToolSustainableSecurityHighDepartment ofLight-Emitting Diode

  17. Abstract--Gear hobbing is a common method of manufacturing high precision involute gears. The thorough

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aristomenis, Antoniadis

    Abstract-- Gear hobbing is a common method of manufacturing high precision involute gears importance in order to produce helical and spur gears as they influence the cost of the manufacturing process and the quality of the produced gear. HOB3D is a simulation code that enables users to simulate the process

  18. PoS(HTRS2011)024 Implications of high-precision spectra of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Cole

    PoS(HTRS2011)024 Implications of high-precision spectra of thermonuclear X-ray bursts A few years after the discovery of thermonuclear X-ray bursts from accreting neutron stars, Jan van Paradijs proposed a method for using observations of thermonuclear X-ray bursts to constrain both

  19. Design and control of a 6-Degree-of-Freedom levitated positioner with high precision 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Tiejun

    2005-08-29

    This dissertation presents a high-precision positioner with a novel superimposed concentrated-field permanent-magnet matrix. This extended-range multi-axis positioner can generate all 6-DOF (degree-of-freedom) motions with only a single moving part...

  20. Version 3.1 Correlated exponential functions in high precision calculations for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pachucki, Krzysztof

    of the calculation of the inverse Laplace transform, into the solution of some differential equations. From these differential equations satisfied by the master integral f(r) (see Eq. (2) below), one derived analyticVersion 3.1 Correlated exponential functions in high precision calculations for diatomic molecules

  1. EXPLORATION OF THE KUIPER BELT BY HIGH-PRECISION PHOTOMETRIC STELLAR OCCULTATIONS: FIRST RESULTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roques, Françoise

    EXPLORATION OF THE KUIPER BELT BY HIGH-PRECISION PHOTOMETRIC STELLAR OCCULTATIONS: FIRST RESULTS F detected are caused by Kuiper Belt objects beyond 100 AU from the Sun and hence are the farthest known objects in the solar system. These detections show that the Kuiper Belt is much more extended than

  2. High-precision Penning trap mass measurements for tests of the Standard Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blaum, Klaus; Eliseev, Sergey; Nagy, Szilard

    2010-08-04

    With the nowadays achievable accuracy in Penning trap mass spectrometry on short-lived exotic nuclides as well as stable atoms, precision fundamental tests can be performed, among them a test of the Standard Model, in particular with regard to the weak interaction, the CPT symmetry conservation, and the unitarity of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa quark mixing matrix. In addition, accurate mass values of specific nuclides are important for neutrino physics. The presently best tests of the Standard Model with high-precision Penning trap mass spectrometry will be reviewed.

  3. Status and Outlook of CHIP-TRAP: the Central Michigan University High Precision Penning Trap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthew Redshaw; Richard A. Bryce; Paul Hawks; Nadeesha D. Gamage; Curtis Hunt; Rathnayake M. E. B. Kandegedara; Ishara S. Ratnayake; Lance Sharp

    2015-10-25

    At Central Michigan University we are developing a high-precision Penning trap mass spectrometer (CHIP-TRAP)that will focus on measurements with long-lived radioactive isotopes. CHIP-TRAP will consist of a pair of hyperbolic precision-measurement Penning traps, and a cylindrical capture/?filter trap in a 12 T magnetic field. Ions will be produced by external ion sources, including a laser ablation source, and transported to the capture trap at low energies enabling ions of a given m=q ratio to be selected via their time-of-flight. In the capture trap, contaminant ions will be removed with a mass-selective rf dipole excitation and the ion of interest will be transported to the measurement traps. A phase-sensitive image charge detection technique will be used for simultaneous cyclotron frequency measurements on single ions in the two precision traps, resulting in a reduction in statistical uncertainty due to magnetic field fluctuations.

  4. Status and Outlook of CHIP-TRAP: the Central Michigan University High Precision Penning Trap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Redshaw, Matthew; Hawks, Paul; Gamage, Nadeesha D; Hunt, Curtis; Kandegedara, Rathnayake M E B; Ratnayake, Ishara S; Sharp, Lance

    2015-01-01

    At Central Michigan University we are developing a high-precision Penning trap mass spectrometer (CHIP-TRAP)that will focus on measurements with long-lived radioactive isotopes. CHIP-TRAP will consist of a pair of hyperbolic precision-measurement Penning traps, and a cylindrical capture/?filter trap in a 12 T magnetic field. Ions will be produced by external ion sources, including a laser ablation source, and transported to the capture trap at low energies enabling ions of a given m=q ratio to be selected via their time-of-flight. In the capture trap, contaminant ions will be removed with a mass-selective rf dipole excitation and the ion of interest will be transported to the measurement traps. A phase-sensitive image charge detection technique will be used for simultaneous cyclotron frequency measurements on single ions in the two precision traps, resulting in a reduction in statistical uncertainty due to magnetic field fluctuations.

  5. A gas chromatography/pyrolysis/isotope ratio mass spectrometry system for high-precision dD measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Hubertus

    A gas chromatography/pyrolysis/isotope ratio mass spectrometry system for high-precision d we present a highly automated, high-precision online gas chromatography/pyrolysis/isotope ratio from ice, preconcentration, gas chromatographic separation and pyrolysis of CH4 from roughly 500 g

  6. Scientific Results from High-precision Astrometry at the Palomar Testbed Interferometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthew W. Muterspaugh; Benjamin F. Lane; Maciej Konacki; B. F. Burke; M. M. Colavita; S. R. Kulkarni; M. Shao

    2006-05-31

    A new observing mode for the Palomar Testbed Interferometer was developed in2002-2003 which enables differential astrometry at the level of 20 micro-arcseconds for binary systems with separations of several hundred milli-arcseconds (mas). This phase-referenced mode is the basis of the Palomar High-precision Astrometric Search for Exoplanet Systems (PHASES), a search for giant planets orbiting either the primary or secondary star in fifty binary systems. We present the first science results from the PHASES search. The properties of the stars comprising binary systems are determined to high precision. The mutual inclinations of several hierarchical triple star systems have been determined. We will present upper limits constraining the the existence of giant planets in a few of the target systems.

  7. Comment on "High-Precision Determination of the Electric and Magnetic Form Factors of the Proton"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Arrington

    2011-08-15

    In a recent Letter, Bernauer, et al. present fits to the proton electromagnetic form factors, GEp(Q^2) and GMp(Q^2), along with extracted proton charge and magnetization radii based on large set of new, high statistical precision (<0.2%) cross section measurements. The Coulomb corrections they apply differ dramatically from more modern and complete calculations, implying significant error in their final results.

  8. A highly efficient, compact Yb:KYW laser for mobile precision systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuznetsov, S A; Pivtsov, V S [Institute of Laser Physics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

    2014-05-30

    We have developed a promising scheme of a multimodediode-pumped ytterbium laser. The Yb:KYW laser in the cw regime demonstrates record-high differential (40%) and total optical (35%) efficiencies. Mode locking is realised, which allows the scheme to be used for the development of compact laser systems, such as mobile femtosecond precision synthesisers. The peculiarities of the laser operation and ways of further improving its efficiency are discussed. (lasers)

  9. Thermo-optic noise in coated mirrors for high-precision optical measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Evans; S. Ballmer; M. Fejer; P. Fritschel; G. Harry; G. Ogin

    2008-07-30

    Thermal fluctuations in the coatings used to make high-reflectors are becoming significant noise sources in precision optical measurements and are particularly relevant to advanced gravitational wave detectors. There are two recognized sources of coating thermal noise, mechanical loss and thermal dissipation. Thermal dissipation causes thermal fluctuations in the coating which produce noise via the thermo-elastic and thermo-refractive mechanisms. We treat these mechanisms coherently, give a correction for finite coating thickness, and evaluate the implications for Advanced LIGO.

  10. Crump Geyser: High Precision Geophysics & Detailed Structural Exploration & Slim Well Drilling

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE Geothermal Peer Review 2010 - Presentation. Project objectives: Discover new 260F and 300F geothermal reservoirs in Oregon. To demonstrate the application of high precision geophysics for well targeting. Demonstrate a combined testing approach to Flowing Differential Self Potential (FDSP) and electrical tomography resistivity as a guide to exploration and development. Demonstrate utility and benefits of sump-less drilling for a low environmental impact. Create both short and long term employment through exploration, accelerated development timeline and operation.

  11. A New Multiple-stage Converter Topology for High Power and High Precision Fast Pulsed Current Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cravero, J M; Garcia Retegui, R; Wassinger, N; Benedetti, M

    2010-01-01

    A new high current, low rise time and high precision pulse generator is presented. The topology is based on the use of different stages, each one specific for a particular operation range in terms of power and switching frequency. The design and operating principle of the proposed topology are described. Finally, the results obtained from an implemented reduced scale prototype are compared with the simulation ones in order to validate the design

  12. Comparing the performace of f1 testers versus their inbred line parents in evaluating experimental sorghum b and r lines in testcrosses. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Packer, Daniel Jacob

    2009-05-15

    versus inbred line testers for evaluating experimental sorghum lines in testcrosses Line x tester analyses were performed to assess tester consistency in assigning ranks. With one exception, all of the line x tester analyses were non...

  13. Devices for high precision x-ray beam intensity monitoring on BSRF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hua-Peng, LI; Zhao, Yi-Dong; Zheng, Lei; Liu, Shu-Hu; Zhao, Xiao-Liang; Zhao, Ya-Shuai

    2016-01-01

    Synchrotron radiation with the characteristic of high brilliance, high level of polarization, high collimation, low emittance and wide tunability in energy has been used as a standard source in metrology(1, 2). For a decade, lots of calibration work have been done on 4B7A in Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility (BSRF) (3, 4). For the calibration process, a high-precision online monitor is indispensable. To control the uncertainty under 0.1%, we studied different sizes parallel ion chambers with rare-gas and used different collecting methods to monitor the x-ray intensity of the beamline. Two methods to collect the signal of the ion chambers: reading the current directly with electrometer or signal amplification to collect the counts were compared.

  14. 1How Many Lightbulbs to Change a Tester? Copyright 2003 Cem Kaner How Many Lightbulbs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1How Many Lightbulbs to Change a Tester? Copyright © 2003 Cem Kaner How Many Lightbulbs Does Foundation (NSF). #12;2 Oh yeah? Well how many TESTERS does it take to change a LIGHTBULB? #12;3How Many Lightbulbs to Change a Tester? Copyright © 2003 Cem Kaner The Message of This Talk · Testing involves

  15. Test Access Mechanism Optimization, Test Scheduling, and Tester Data Volume

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

    Test Access Mechanism Optimization, Test Scheduling, and Tester Data Volume Reduction for System Marinissen, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--We describe an integrated framework for system-on-chip (SOC) test automation. Our framework is based on a new test access mechanism (TAM) architecture consisting of flexible

  16. Characterization of an INVS Model IV Neutron Counter for High Precision ($?,n$) Cross-Section Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. W. Arnold; T. B. Clegg; H. J Karwowski; G. C. Rich; J. R. Tompkins; C. R. Howell

    2011-01-17

    A neutron counter designed for assay of radioactive materials has been adapted for beam experiments at TUNL. The cylindrical geometry and 60% maximum efficiency make it well suited for ($\\gamma,n$) cross-section measurements near the neutron emission threshold. A high precision characterization of the counter has been made using neutrons from several sources. Using a combination of measurements and simulations, the absolute detection efficiency of the neutron counter was determined to an accuracy of $\\pm$ 3% in the neutron energy range between 0.1 and 1 MeV. It is shown that this efficiency characterization is generally valid for a wide range of targets.

  17. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 559 (2006) 207210 High precision numerical accuracy in physics research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villard, Gilles

    2006-01-01

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 559 (2006) 207­210 High precision numerical alle´e d'Italie, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France Available online 12 December 2005 Abstract Concerns arise: the upcoming quadruple- precision standard is introduced and compared to currently available software

  18. High Precision Tune and Coupling Feedback and Beam Transfer Function Measurements in RHIC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Minty, M.; Curcio, A.; Dawson, C.; Degen, C.; Luo, Y.; Marr, G.; Martin, B.; Marusic, A.; Mernick, K.; Oddo, P.; Russo, T.; Schoefer, V.; Schroeder, R.; Schultheiss, C.; Wilinski, M.

    2010-05-23

    Precision measurement and control of the betatron tunes and betatron coupling in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) are required for establishing and maintaining both good operating conditions and, particularly during the ramp to high beam energies, high proton beam polarization. While the proof-of-principle for simultaneous tune and coupling feedback was successfully demonstrated earlier, routine application of these systems has only become possible recently. Following numerous modifications for improved measurement resolution and feedback control, the time required to establish full-energy beams with the betatron tunes and coupling regulated by feedback was reduced from several weeks to a few hours. A summary of these improvements, select measurements benefitting from the improved resolution and a review of system performance are the subject of this report.

  19. High precision tune and coupling measurements and tune/coupling feedback in RHIC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Minty, M.; Curcio, A.; Dawson, C.; Degen, C.; Luo, Y.; Marr, G.; Martin, B.; Marusic, A.; Mernick, K.; Oddo, P.; Russo, T.; Schoefer, V.; Schroeder, R.; Schulthiess, C.; Wilinski, M.

    2010-08-01

    Precision measurement and control of the betatron tunes and betatron coupling in RHIC are required for establishing and maintaining both good operating conditions and, particularly during the ramp to high beam energies, high proton beam polarization. While the proof-of-principle for simultaneous tune and coupling feedback was successfully demonstrated earlier, routine application of these systems has only become possible recently. Following numerous modifications for improved measurement resolution and feedback control, the time required to establish full-energy beams with the betatron tunes and coupling regulated by feedback was reduced from several weeks to a few hours. A summary of these improvements, select measurements benefitting from the improved resolution and a review of system performance are the subject of this report.

  20. Measuring High-Precision Astrometry with the Infrared Array Camera on the Spitzer Space Telescope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esplin, T L

    2015-01-01

    The Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) on the Spitzer Space Telescope currently offers the greatest potential for high-precision astrometry of faint mid-IR sources across arcminute-scale fields, which would be especially valuable for measuring parallaxes of cold brown dwarfs in the solar neighborhood and proper motions of obscured members of nearby star-forming regions. To more fully realize IRAC's astrometric capabilities, we have sought to minimize the largest sources of uncertainty in astrometry with its 3.6 and 4.5 $\\mu$m bands. By comparing different routines that estimate stellar positions, we have found that Point Response Function (PRF) fitting with the Spitzer Science Center's Astronomical Point Source Extractor produces both the smallest systematic errors from varying intra-pixel sensitivity and the greatest precision in measurements of positions. In addition, self-calibration has been used to derive new 7$^{\\rm th}$ and 8$^{\\rm th}$ order distortion corrections for the 3.6 and 4.5 $\\mu$m arrays of IRAC, ...

  1. QCD Precision Measurements and Structure Function Extraction at a High Statistics, High Energy Neutrino Scattering Experiment: NuSOnG

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, T.; /Florida State U.; Batra, P.; /Columbia U.; Bugel, Leonard G.; /Columbia U.; Camilleri, Leslie Loris; /Columbia U.; Conrad, Janet Marie; /MIT; de Gouvea, A.; /Northwestern U.; Fisher, Peter H.; /MIT; Formaggio, Joseph Angelo; /MIT; Jenkins, J.; /Northwestern U.; Karagiorgi, Georgia S.; /MIT; Kobilarcik, T.R.; /Fermilab /Texas U.

    2009-06-01

    We extend the physics case for a new high-energy, ultra-high statistics neutrino scattering experiment, NuSOnG (Neutrino Scattering On Glass) to address a variety of issues including precision QCD measurements, extraction of structure functions, and the derived Parton Distribution Functions (PDFs). This experiment uses a Tevatron-based neutrino beam to obtain a sample of Deep Inelastic Scattering (DIS) events which is over two orders of magnitude larger than past samples. We outline an innovative method for fitting the structure functions using a parameterized energy shift which yields reduced systematic uncertainties. High statistics measurements, in combination with improved systematics, will enable NuSOnG to perform discerning tests of fundamental Standard Model parameters as we search for deviations which may hint of 'Beyond the Standard Model' physics.

  2. QCD Precision Measurements and Structure Function Extraction at a High Statistics, High Energy Neutrino Scattering Experiment: NuSOnG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Adams; P. Batra; L. Bugel; L. Camilleri; J. M. Conrad; A. de Gouvêa; P. H. Fisher; J. A. Formaggio; J. Jenkins; G. Karagiorgi; T. R. Kobilarcik; S. Kopp; G. Kyle; W. A. Loinaz; D. A. Mason; R. Milner; R. Moore; J. G. Morfín; M. Nakamura; D. Naples; P. Nienaber; F. I. Olness; J. F. Owens; S. F. Pate; A. Pronin; W. G. Seligman; M. H. Shaevitz; H. Schellman; I. Schienbein; M. J. Syphers; T. M. P. Tait; T. Takeuchi; C. Y. Tan; R. G. Van de Water; R. K. Yamamoto; J. Y. Yu

    2009-06-19

    We extend the physics case for a new high-energy, ultra-high statistics neutrino scattering experiment, NuSOnG (Neutrino Scattering On Glass) to address a variety of issues including precision QCD measurements, extraction of structure functions, and the derived Parton Distribution Functions (PDFs). This experiment uses a Tevatron-based neutrino beam to obtain a sample of Deep Inelastic Scattering (DIS) events which is over two orders of magnitude larger than past samples. We outline an innovative method for fitting the structure functions using a parameterized energy shift which yields reduced systematic uncertainties. High statistics measurements, in combination with improved systematics, will enable NuSOnG to perform discerning tests of fundamental Standard Model parameters as we search for deviations which may hint of "Beyond the Standard Model" physics.

  3. Vibratory response modeling and verification of a high precision optical positioning system.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barraza, J.; Kuzay, T.; Royston, T. J.; Shu, D.

    1999-06-18

    A generic vibratory-response modeling program has been developed as a tool for designing high-precision optical positioning systems. Based on multibody dynamics theory, the system is modeled as rigid-body structures connected by linear elastic elements, such as complex actuators and bearings. The full dynamic properties of each element are determined experimentally or theoretically, then integrated into the program as inertial and stiffness matrices. Utilizing this program, the theoretical and experimental verification of the vibratory behavior of a double-multilayer monochromator support and positioning system is presented. Results of parametric design studies that investigate the influence of support floor dynamics and highlight important design issues are also presented. Overall, good matches between theory and experiment demonstrate the effectiveness of the program as a dynamic modeling tool.

  4. Large bearings with incorporated gears, high stiffness and precision for the Swedish Solar Telescope (SST) on La Palma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutten, Rob

    1 Large bearings with incorporated gears, high stiffness and precision for the Swedish Solar the meshing teeth of the large gear wheel and the pinion. High preload forces to achieve line contact of the combination of bearing and gear teeth. An additional problem was the relatively thin section of the bearings

  5. HIGH-PRECISION PREDICTIONS FOR THE ACOUSTIC SCALE IN THE NONLINEAR REGIME

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seo, Hee-Jong; Eckel, Jonathan; Eisenstein, Daniel J.; Mehta, Kushal; Metchnik, Marc; Padmanabhan, Nikhil; Pinto, Phillip; Takahashi, Ryuichi; White, Martin; Xu, Xiaoying

    2010-09-10

    We measure shifts of the acoustic scale due to nonlinear growth and redshift distortions to a high precision using a very large volume of high-force-resolution simulations. We compare results from various sets of simulations that differ in their force, volume, and mass resolution. We find a consistency within 1.5-sigma for shift values from different simulations and derive shift alpha(z) -1 = (0.300\\pm 0.015)% [D(z)/D(0)]^{2} using our fiducial set. We find a strong correlation with a non-unity slope between shifts in real space and in redshift space and a weak correlation between the initial redshift and low redshift. Density-field reconstruction not only removes the mean shifts and reduces errors on the mean, but also tightens the correlations: after reconstruction, we recover a slope of near unity for the correlation between the real and redshift space and restore a strong correlation between the low and the initial redshifts. We derive propagators and mode-coupling terms from our N-body simulations and compared with Zeldovich approximation and the shifts measured from the chi^2 fitting, respectively. We interpret the propagator and the mode-coupling term of a nonlinear density field in the context of an average and a dispersion of its complex Fourier coefficients relative to those of the linear density field; from these two terms, we derive a signal-to-noise ratio of the acoustic peak measurement. We attempt to improve our reconstruction method by implementing 2LPT and iterative operations: we obtain little improvement. The Fisher matrix estimates of uncertainty in the acoustic scale is tested using 5000 (Gpc/h)^3 of cosmological PM simulations from Takahashi et al. (2009). (abridged)

  6. Precision control of high temperature furnaces using an auxiliary power supply and charged practice current flow

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pollock, George G. (San Ramon, CA)

    1997-01-01

    Two power supplies are combined to control a furnace. A main power supply heats the furnace in the traditional manner, while the power from the auxiliary supply is introduced as a current flow through charged particles existing due to ionized gas or thermionic emission. The main power supply provides the bulk heating power and the auxiliary supply provides a precise and fast power source such that the precision of the total power delivered to the furnace is improved.

  7. Precision control of high temperature furnaces using an auxiliary power supply and charged particle current flow

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pollock, G.G.

    1997-01-28

    Two power supplies are combined to control a furnace. A main power supply heats the furnace in the traditional manner, while the power from the auxiliary supply is introduced as a current flow through charged particles existing due to ionized gas or thermionic emission. The main power supply provides the bulk heating power and the auxiliary supply provides a precise and fast power source such that the precision of the total power delivered to the furnace is improved. 5 figs.

  8. Electronic Supplement for Paper 2001GL014207 A new model of field-aligned currents derived from high-precision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michigan, University of

    by the interplanetary magnetic field strength and direction for summer, winter and equinox. The high-precision data/winter currents is ~1.35 and the equinox currents ~1. The model allows FAC mapping for IMF |B| 12 nT, except (Figure A2b) polar regions for summer, equinox, and winter. The corresponding IMF conditions are marked

  9. Introducing SummerTime: a package for high-precision computation of sums appearing in DRA method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Roman N

    2015-01-01

    We introduce the Mathematica package SummerTime for arbitrary-precision computation of sums appearing in the results of DRA method. So far these results include the following families of the integrals: 3-loop onshell massless vertices, 3-loop onshell mass operator type integrals, 4-loop QED-type tadpoles, 4-loop massless propagators. The package can be used for high-precision numerical computation of the expansion coefficients of the integrals from the above families around arbitrary space-time dimension. In addition, this package can also be used for calculation of multiple zeta values, harmonic polylogarithms and other transcendental numbers expressed in terms of nested sums with factorized summand.

  10. Introducing SummerTime: a package for high-precision computation of sums appearing in DRA method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roman N. Lee; Kirill T. Mingulov

    2015-07-15

    We introduce the Mathematica package SummerTime for arbitrary-precision computation of sums appearing in the results of DRA method. So far these results include the following families of the integrals: 3-loop onshell massless vertices, 3-loop onshell mass operator type integrals, 4-loop QED-type tadpoles, 4-loop massless propagators. The package can be used for high-precision numerical computation of the expansion coefficients of the integrals from the above families around arbitrary space-time dimension. In addition, this package can also be used for calculation of multiple zeta values, harmonic polylogarithms and other transcendental numbers expressed in terms of nested sums with factorized summand.

  11. High-precision evaluation of Wigner's d-matrix by exact diagonalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    X. M. Feng; P. Wang; W. Yang; G. R. Jin

    2015-07-18

    The precise calculations of the Wigner's rotation matrix are important in various research fields. Due to the presence of large numbers, the direct calculations of the Wigner's formula suffer from loss of precision. We present a simple method to avoid this problem by expanding the d-matrix into a complex Fourier series and calculate the series coefficients by exactly diagonalizing the angular-momentum operator $J_{y}$ in the eigenbasis of $J_{z}$. This method allows us to solve the d-matrix and its various derivatives for spins up to a few thousand. The precision of the d-matrix from our method is about $10^{-14}$ for spins up to $100$.

  12. (Quickly) Testing the Tester via Path Coverage Laboratory for Reliable Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groce, Alex David

    gener- ation are increasingly accepted in the software engineering community. Random testing [14, 10, 3(Quickly) Testing the Tester via Path Coverage Alex Groce Laboratory for Reliable Software Jet testing framework may grow to a point that the tester itself becomes a significant software artifact

  13. The influence of testers and fertility levels in the evaluation of inbred lines of corn 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collier, Jesse W

    1952-01-01

    Seleetiene within linea ~factions within Pfluger lines Seleotfono within Burton liaes (10) 5 (105e00) (10 50) Sin&2 5, 24?? 7SI58 14+72?? Fertility X seleotfone within lines Krror 5 10 lOe83 1, 08 48e80 lo22 Tesiers Testers X Testers X Testors...

  14. High-precision optical measurements of 13 isotope ratios in organic compounds at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zare, Richard N.

    range with an average precision of 0.95 and 0.67 for ethane and propane, respec- tively. The calibrated accuracy for methane, ethane, and propane is within 3 of the values determined using isotope ratio mass-down spectroscopy combustion isotopic ratio It is often taught in beginning chemistry classes that the atoms

  15. The Automated Bicron Tester: Automated electronic instrument diagnostic, testing, and alignment system with records generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rao, G.S.; Maddox, S.R.; Turner, G.W.; Vandermolen, R.I.

    1995-11-01

    The Bicron Surveyor MX is a portable radiation monitoring instrument used by the Office of Radiation Protection at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. This instrument must be calibrated in order to assure reliable operation. A manual calibration procedure was developed, but it was time consuming and repetitive. Therefore, an automated tester station that would allow the technicians to calibrate the instruments faster and more reliably was developed. With the automated tester station, calibration records and accountability could be generated and maintained automatically. This allows the technicians to concentrate on repairing defective units. The Automated Bicron Tester consists of an operator interface, an analog board, and a digital controller board. The panel is the user interface that allows the technician to communicate with the tester. The analog board has an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) that converts the signals from the instrument into digital data that the tester can manipulate. The digital controller board contains the circuitry to perform the test and to communicate the results to the host personal computer (PC). The tester station is connected to the unit under test through a special test harness that attaches to a header on the Bicron. The tester sends pulse trains to the Bicron and measures the resulting meter output. This is done to determine if the unit is functioning properly. The testers are connected to the host PC through an RS-485 serial line. The host PC polls all the tester stations that are connected to it and collects data from those that have completed a calibration. It logs these data and stores the record in a format ready for export to the Maintenance, Accountability, Jobs, and Inventory Control (MAJIC) database. It also prints a report. The programs for the Automated Bicron Tester and the host are written in the C language.

  16. 1How Many Lightbulbs to Change a Tester? Copyright 2003 Cem Kaner The Past & Future of Software Testing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1How Many Lightbulbs to Change a Tester? Copyright © 2003 Cem Kaner The Past & Future of Software Testing: How Many Lightbulbs Does It Take To Change A Tester? Cem Kaner, J.D., Ph.D. kaner@kaner.com www Foundation (NSF). 1 #12;2How Many Lightbulbs to Change a Tester? Copyright © 2003 Cem Kaner Old Truths · Many

  17. High precision measurement of the 87Rb D-line tune-out wavelength

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, R H; Sackett, C A; Safronova, M S

    2015-01-01

    We report an experimental measurement of a light wavelength at which the ac electric polarizability equals zero for 87Rb atoms in the F=2 ground hyperfine state. The experiment uses a condensate interferometer both to find this 'tune-out' wavelength and to accurately determine the light polarization for it. The wavelength lies between the D1 and D2 spectral lines at 790.03235(3) nm. The measurement is sensitive to the tensor contribution to the polarizability, which has been removed so that the reported value is the zero of the scalar polarizability. The precision is fifty times better than previous tune-out wavelength measurements. Our result can be used to determine the ratio of matrix elements |/|^2 = 1.99219(3), a 100-fold improvement over previous experimental values. Both the tune-out wavelength and matrix element ratio are consistent with theoretical calculations, with uncertainty estimates for the theory about an order of magnitude larger than the experimental precision.

  18. High-precision K-band photometry of the secondary eclipse of HD209458

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ignas Snellen

    2005-07-26

    Recently, mid-infrared Spitzer observations have been presented that show the light decrement due to the passage of a planet behind its host star. These measurements of HD209458b and TrES-1 are the first detections of direct light from an extra-solar planet. Interpretation of these results in terms of planet equipartition temperature and bond albedo is however strongly model dependent and require additional observations at shorter wavelengths. Here we report on two attempts to detect the secondary eclipse of HD209458b from the ground in K-band, using the UK InfraRed Telescope (UKIRT). A photometry precision of 0.12% relative to two nearby reference stars was reached during both occasions, but no firm detection of the eclipses were obtained. The first observation shows a flux decrement of -0.13+-0.18%, and the second of -0.10+-0.10%. A detailed description of the observing strategy, data reduction and analysis is given, and a discussion on how the precision in ground-based K-band photometry could be further improved. In addition we show that the relative photometry between the target and the reference stars between the two epochs is consistent down to the <0.1% level, which is interesting in the light of possible near-infrared surveys to search for transiting planets around M and L dwarfs.

  19. High-precision measurements of extensive air showers with the SKA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Huege; J. D. Bray; S. Buitink; R. Dallier; R. D. Ekers; H. Falcke; A. Haungs; C. W. James; L. Martin; B. Revenu; O. Scholten; F. G. Schröder; A. Zilles

    2015-08-14

    As of 2023, the Square Kilometre Array will constitute the world's largest radio telescope, offering unprecedented capabilities for a diverse science programme in radio astronomy. At the same time, the SKA will be ideally suited to detect extensive air showers initiated by cosmic rays in the Earth's atmosphere via their radio emission. With its very dense and uniform antenna spacing in a fiducial area of one km$^2$ and its large bandwidth of 50-350 MHz, the low-frequency part of the SKA will provide very precise measurements of individual cosmic ray air showers. These precision measurements will allow detailed studies of the mass composition of cosmic rays in the energy region of transition from a Galactic to an extragalactic origin. Also, the SKA will facilitate three-dimensional "tomography" of the electromagnetic cascades of air showers, allowing the study of particle interactions at energies beyond the reach of the LHC. Finally, studies of possible connections between air showers and lightning initiation can be taken to a new level with the SKA. We discuss the science potential of air shower detection with the SKA and report on the technical requirements and project status.

  20. High-precision measurements of extensive air showers with the SKA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huege, T; Buitink, S; Dallier, R; Ekers, R D; Falcke, H; Haungs, A; James, C W; Martin, L; Revenu, B; Scholten, O; Schröder, F G; Zilles, A

    2015-01-01

    As of 2023, the Square Kilometre Array will constitute the world's largest radio telescope, offering unprecedented capabilities for a diverse science programme in radio astronomy. At the same time, the SKA will be ideally suited to detect extensive air showers initiated by cosmic rays in the Earth's atmosphere via their radio emission. With its very dense and uniform antenna spacing in a fiducial area of one km$^2$ and its large bandwidth of 50-350 MHz, the low-frequency part of the SKA will provide very precise measurements of individual cosmic ray air showers. These precision measurements will allow detailed studies of the mass composition of cosmic rays in the energy region of transition from a Galactic to an extragalactic origin. Also, the SKA will facilitate three-dimensional "tomography" of the electromagnetic cascades of air showers, allowing the study of particle interactions at energies beyond the reach of the LHC. Finally, studies of possible connections between air showers and lightning initiation ...

  1. The Ramsey method in high-precision mass spectrometry with Penning traps: Experimental results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. George; K. Blaum; F. Herfurth; A. Herlert; M. Kretzschmar; S. Nagy; S. Schwarz; L. Schweikhard; C. Yazidjian

    2007-01-22

    The highest precision in direct mass measurements is obtained with Penning trap mass spectrometry. Most experiments use the interconversion of the magnetron and cyclotron motional modes of the stored ion due to excitation by external radiofrequency-quadrupole fields. In this work a new excitation scheme, Ramsey's method of time-separated oscillatory fields, has been successfully tested. It has been shown to reduce significantly the uncertainty in the determination of the cyclotron frequency and thus of the ion mass of interest. The theoretical description of the ion motion excited with Ramsey's method in a Penning trap and subsequently the calculation of the resonance line shapes for different excitation times, pulse structures, and detunings of the quadrupole field has been carried out in a quantum mechanical framework and is discussed in detail in the preceding article in this journal by M. Kretzschmar. Here, the new excitation technique has been applied with the ISOLTRAP mass spectrometer at ISOLDE/CERN for mass measurements on stable as well as short-lived nuclides. The experimental resonances are in agreement with the theoretical predictions and a precision gain close to a factor of four was achieved compared to the use of the conventional excitation technique.

  2. High-precision determination of the electric and magnetic form factors of the proton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. C. Bernauer; P. Achenbach; C. Ayerbe Gayoso; R. Böhm; D. Bosnar; L. Debenjak; M. O. Distler; L. Doria; A. Esser; H. Fonvieille; J. M. Friedrich; J. Friedrich; M. Gómez Rodríguez de la Paz; M. Makek; H. Merkel; D. G. Middleton; U. Müller; L. Nungesser; J. Pochodzalla; M. Potokar; S. Sánchez Majos; B. S. Schlimme; S. Širca; Th. Walcher; M. Weinriefer

    2010-12-13

    New precise results of a measurement of the elastic electron-proton scattering cross section performed at the Mainz Microtron MAMI are presented. About 1400 cross sections were measured with negative four-momentum transfers squared up to Q^2=1 (GeV/c)^2 with statistical errors below 0.2%. The electric and magnetic form factors of the proton were extracted by fits of a large variety of form factor models directly to the cross sections. The form factors show some features at the scale of the pion cloud. The charge and magnetic radii are determined to be r_E=0.879(5)(stat.)(4)(syst.)(2)(model)(4)(group) fm and r_M=0.777(13)(stat.)(9)(syst.)(5)(model)(2)(group) fm.

  3. Modeling the Fuel Spray and Combustion Process of the Ignition Quality Tester with KIVA-3V

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bogin, G. E. Jr.; DeFilippo, A.; Chen, J. Y.; Chin, G.; Luecke, J.; Ratcliff, M. A.; Zigler, B. T.; Dean, A. M.

    2010-05-01

    Discusses the use of KIVA-3V to develop a model that reproduces ignition behavior inside the Ignition Quality Tester, which measures the ignition delay of low-volatility fuels.

  4. Reply to Comment on "High-Precision Determination of the Electric and Magnetic Form Factors of the Proton"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. C. Bernauer; P. Achenbach; C. Ayerbe Gayoso; R. Böhm; D. Bosnar; L. Debenjak; M. O. Distler; L. Doria; A. Esser; H. Fonvieille; J. M. Friedrich; J. Friedrich; M. Gómez Rodríguez de la Paz; M. Makek; H. Merkel; D. G. Middleton; U. Müller; L. Nungesser; J. Pochodzalla; M. Potokar; S. Sánchez Majos; B. S. Schlimme; S. Širca; Th. Walcher; M. Weinriefer

    2011-08-17

    In arXiv:1108.3058v1 [nucl-ex], Arrington criticizes the Coulomb corrections we applied in the analysis of high precision form factor data (see Phys.Rev.Lett.105:242001, 2010, arXiv:1007.5076v3 [nucl-ex]). We show, by comparing different calculations cited in the Comment, that the criticism of the Comment neglects the large uncertainty of "more modern" TPE corrections. This uncertainty has also been seen in recent polarized measurements. We rerun our analysis using one of these calculations. The results show that the Comment exaggerates the quantitative effect at small Q^2.

  5. High-precision transfer-printing and integration of vertically oriented semiconductor arrays for flexible

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    transfer printing, nanowires, flexible electronics, printable electronics, nanoscale devices ABSTRACT Flexible electronics utilizing single crystalline semiconductors typically require post-growth processes devices. High performance electronics on flexible substrates have been gaining attention from research

  6. Design and manufacturing of high precision roll-to-roll multilayer printing machine -- machine upgrade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Yufei

    2009-01-01

    In 2008, a group of MIT Master of Engineering students built a roll to roll machine for printing thiol onto a flexible gold substrate by self-assembly. The machine demonstrated good performance in high speed printing (400 ...

  7. Fabrication of precision high quality facets on molecular beam epitaxy material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Petersen, Holly E. (Tracy, CA); Goward, William D. (Antioch, CA); Dijaili, Sol P. (Moraga, CA)

    2001-01-01

    Fabricating mirrored vertical surfaces on semiconductor layered material grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). Low energy chemically assisted ion beam etching (CAIBE) is employed to prepare mirrored vertical surfaces on MBE-grown III-V materials under unusually low concentrations of oxygen in evacuated etching atmospheres of chlorine and xenon ion beams. UV-stabilized smooth-surfaced photoresist materials contribute to highly vertical, high quality mirrored surfaces during the etching.

  8. 'Modal-noise' in single-mode fibers: A cautionary note for high precision radial velocity instruments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halverson, Samuel; Mahadevan, Suvrath; Schwab, Christian

    2015-01-01

    Exploring the use of single-mode fibers (SMFs) in high precision Doppler spectrometers has become increasingly attractive since the advent of diffraction-limited adaptive optics systems on large-aperture telescopes. Spectrometers fed with these fibers can be made significantly smaller than typical 'seeing-limited' instruments, greatly reducing cost and overall complexity. Importantly, classical mode interference and speckle issues associated with multi-mode fibers, also known as 'modal noise', are mitigated when using SMFs, which also provide perfect radial and azimuthal image scrambling. However, these fibers do support multiple polarization modes, an issue that is generally ignored for larger-core fibers given the large number of propagation modes. Since diffraction gratings used in most high resolution astronomical instruments have dispersive properties that are sensitive to incident polarization changes, any birefringence variations in the fiber can cause variations in the efficiency profile, degrading il...

  9. Storage-discharge relationships at different catchment scales based on local high-precision gravimetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Troch, Peter

    Storage-discharge relationships at different catchment scales based on local high, Institute of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Potsdam, Germany Abstract: In hydrology, the storage of catchment science. To date, there are no direct methods to measure water storage at catchment scales (101

  10. On the road to precision cosmology with high redshift HII galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terlevich, Roberto; Melnick, Jorge; Chávez, Ricardo; Plionis, Manolis; Bresolin, Fabio; Basilakos, Spyros

    2015-01-01

    We report the first results of a programme aimed at studying the properties of high redshift galaxies with on-going massive and dominant episodes of star formation (HII galaxies). We use the $L(\\mathrm{H}\\beta) - \\sigma$ distance estimator based on the correlation between the ionized gas velocity dispersions and Balmer emission line luminosities of HII galaxies and Giant HII regions to trace the expansion of the Universe up to $z \\sim 2.33$. This approach provides an independent constraint on the equation of state of dark energy and its possible evolution with look-back time. Here we present high-dispersion (8,000 to 10,000 resolution) spectroscopy of HII galaxies at redshifts between 0.6 and 2.33, obtained at the VLT using XShooter. Using six of these HII galaxies we obtain broad constraints on the plane $\\Omega_m - w_0$. The addition of 19 high-z HII galaxies from the literature improves the constraints and highlights the need for high quality emission line profiles, fluxes and reddening corrections. The 25...

  11. Rapid crustal accretion and magma assimilation in the Oman-U.A.E. ophiolite: High precision U-Pb zircon geochronology of the gabbroic crust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rioux, Matthew

    New high-precision U/Pb zircon geochronology from the Oman-United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.) ophiolite provides insight into the timing and duration of magmatism and the tectonic setting during formation of the lower crust. ...

  12. Tectonic development of the Samail ophiolite: High-precision U-Pb zircon geochronology and Sm-Nd isotopic constraints on crustal growth and emplacement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rioux, Matthew

    New high-precision single grain U-Pb zircon geochronology and whole rock Nd isotopic data provide insight into the magmatic and tectonic development of the Samail ophiolite. The analyzed rocks can be broadly divided into ...

  13. Challenges for the vehicle tester in characterizing hybrid electric vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duoba, M.

    1997-08-01

    Many problems are associated with applying test methods, like the Federal Test Procedure (FTP), for HEVs. Although there has been considerable progress recently in the area of HEV test procedure development, many challenges are still unsolved. A major hurdle to overcoming the challenges of developing HEV test procedures is the lack of HEV designs available for vehicle testing. Argonne National Laboratory has tested hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) built by about 50 colleges and universities from 1994 to 1997 in annual vehicle engineering competitions sponsored in part by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). From this experience, the Laboratory has gathered information about the basics of HEV testing and issues important to successful characterization of HEVs. A collaboration between ANL and the Society of Automotive Engineer`s (SAE) HEV Test Procedure Task Force has helped guide the development of test protocols for their proposed procedures (draft SAE J1711) and test methods suited for DOE vehicle competitions. HEVs use an electrical energy storage device, which requires that HEV testing include more time and effort to deal with the effects of transient energy storage as the vehicle is operating in HEV mode. HEV operation with electric-only capability can be characterized by correcting the HEV mode data using results from electric-only operation. HEVs without electric-only capability require multiple tests conducted to form data correlations that enable the tester to find the result that corresponds to a zero net change in SOC. HEVs that operate with a net depletion of charge cannot be corrected for battery SOC and are characterized with emissions and fuel consumption results coupled with the electrical energy usage rate. 9 refs., 8 figs.

  14. Precision Unification and Proton Decay in F-Theory GUTs with High Scale Supersymmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arthur Hebecker; James Unwin

    2014-09-23

    F-theory GUTs provide a promising UV completion for models with approximate gauge coupling unification, such as the (non-supersymmetric) Standard Model. More specifically, if the superparters have masses well above the TeV scale, the resulting imperfection in unification can be accounted for by the, in principle calculable, classical F-theory correction at the high scale. In this paper we argue for the correct form of the F-theory corrections to unification, including KK mode loop effects. However, the price of compensating the imprecise unification in such High Scale SUSY models with F-theory corrections is that the GUT scale is lowered, potentially leading to a dangerously high proton decay rate from dimension-6 operators. We analyse the possibility of suppressing the decay rate by the localization of $X,Y$ gauge bosons in higher dimensions. While this effect can be very strong for the zero modes, we find that in the simplest models of this type it is difficult to realize a significant suppression for higher modes (Landau levels). Notably, in the absence of substantial suppressions to the proton decay rate, the superpartners must be lighter than 100 TeV to satisfy proton decay constraints. We highlight that multiple correlated signals of proton decay could verify this scenario.

  15. A High-Precision Instrument for Mapping of Rotational Errors in Rotary Stages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu W.; Lauer,K.; Chu,Y.; Nazaretski,E.

    2014-10-02

    A rotational stage is a key component of every X-ray instrument capable of providing tomographic or diffraction measurements. To perform accurate three-dimensional reconstructions, runout errors due to imperfect rotation (e.g. circle of confusion) must be quantified and corrected. A dedicated instrument capable of full characterization and circle of confusion mapping in rotary stages down to the sub-10 nm level has been developed. A high-stability design, with an array of five capacitive sensors, allows simultaneous measurements of wobble, radial and axial displacements. The developed instrument has been used for characterization of two mechanical stages which are part of an X-ray microscope.

  16. A High-Precision Instrument for Mapping of Rotational Errors in Rotary Stages

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Xu, W.; Lauer, K.; Chu, Y.; Nazaretski, E.

    2014-11-02

    A rotational stage is a key component of every X-ray instrument capable of providing tomographic or diffraction measurements. To perform accurate three-dimensional reconstructions, runout errors due to imperfect rotation (e.g. circle of confusion) must be quantified and corrected. A dedicated instrument capable of full characterization and circle of confusion mapping in rotary stages down to the sub-10 nm level has been developed. A high-stability design, with an array of five capacitive sensors, allows simultaneous measurements of wobble, radial and axial displacements. The developed instrument has been used for characterization of two mechanical stages which are part of an X-ray microscope.

  17. A Diode Laser Sensor for High Precision CO2 and H2O Flux Measurements |

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe 26thI D- 6 0GrantsThe Life of Enrico's The20155 HighU.S. DOE

  18. Electrolytic In-process Dressing (ELID) for high-efficiency, precision grinding of ceramic parts: An experiment study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bandyopadhyay, B.P.

    1995-08-01

    This report describes Electrolytic In-process Dressing (ELID) as applied to the efficient, high-precision grinding of structural ceramics, and describes work performed jointly by Dr. B.P. Bandyopadhyay, University of North Dakota, and Dr. R. Ohmori, of the Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RINEN), Tokyo, Japan, from June through August, 1994. Dr. Ohmori pioneered the novel ELID grinding technology which incorporates electrolytically enhanced, in-process dressing of metal bonded superabrasive wheels. The principle of ELID grinding technology is discussed in the report as will its application for rough grinding and precision grinding. Two types of silicon nitride based ceramics (Kyocerals Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}, and Eaton`s SRBSN) were ground under various conditions with ELID methods. Mirror surface finishes were obtained with {number_sign} 4000 mesh size wheel (average grain size = 4 {mu}m). Results of these investigations are presented in this report. These include the effects of wheel bond type, type of power supply, abrasive grit friability, and cooling fluid composition. The effects of various parameters are discussed in terms of the mechanisms of ELID grinding, and in particular, the manner of boundary layer formation on the wheels and abrasive grit protrusion.

  19. High precision density measurements in the solar corona: I. Analysis methods and results for Fe XII and Fe XIII

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. R. Young; T. Watanabe; H. Hara; J. T. Mariska

    2008-10-28

    The EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) instrument on board the Hinode satellite has access to some of the best coronal density diagnostics and the high sensitivity of the instrument now allows electron number density, N_e, measurements to an unprecedented precision of up to +/-5 % in active regions. This paper gives a thorough overview of data analysis issues for the best diagnostics of Fe XII and Fe XIII and assesses the accuracy of the measurements. Two density diagnostics each from Fe XII (186.88/195.12 and 196.64/195.12) and Fe XIII (196.54/202.04 and 203.82/202.04) are analysed in two active region data-sets from 2007 May 3 and 6 that yield densities in the range 8.5 < log N_e < 11.0. The densities are derived using v5.2 of the CHIANTI atomic database. The Fe XII and Fe XIII diagnostics show broadly the same trend in density across the active region, consistent with their similar temperatures of formation. However the high precision of the EIS measurements demonstrates significant discrepancies of up to 0.5 dex in derived log N_e values, with Fe XII always giving higher densities than Fe XIII. The discrepancies may partly be due to real physical differences between the emitting regions of the two plasmas, but the dominant factor lies in the atomic models of the two ions. Two specific problems are identified for Fe XII 196.64 and Fe XIII 203.82: the former is found to be under-estimated in strength by the CHIANTI atomic model, while the high density limit of the 203.82/202.04 is suggested to be inaccurate in the CHIANTI atomic model. The small grating tilt of the EIS instrument is found to be very significant when deriving densities from emission lines separated by more than a few angstroms.

  20. Time-separated oscillatory fields for high-precision mass measurements on short-lived Al and Ca nuclides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. George; G. Audi; B. Blank; K. Blaum; M. Breitenfeldt; U. Hager; F. Herfurth; A. Herlert; A. Kellerbauer; H. -J. Kluge; M. Kretzschmar; D. Lunney; R. Savreux; S. Schwarz; L. Schweikhard; C. Yazidjian

    2008-01-17

    High-precision Penning trap mass measurements on the stable nuclide 27Al as well as on the short-lived radionuclides 26Al and 38,39Ca have been performed by use of radiofrequency excitation with time-separated oscillatory fields, i.e. Ramsey's method, as recently introduced for the excitation of the ion motion in a Penning trap, was applied. A comparison with the conventional method of a single continuous excitation demonstrates its advantage of up to ten times shorter measurements. The new mass values of 26,27Al clarify conflicting data in this specific mass region. In addition, the resulting mass values of the superallowed beta-emitter 38Ca as well as of the groundstate of the beta-emitter 26Al m confirm previous measurements and corresponding theoretical corrections of the ft-values.

  1. In mold laser welding for high precision polymer based optical components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oliveira, N., E-mail: id2694@alunos.uminho.pt, E-mail: pontes@dep.uminho.pt; Pontes, A. J., E-mail: id2694@alunos.uminho.pt, E-mail: pontes@dep.uminho.pt [IPC - Institute for Polymers and Composites, Department of Polymer Engineering, University of Minho, 4800-058 Guimarães (Portugal)

    2014-05-15

    To assemble a complete subsystem as a rear lamp, is necessary to have different machines and to perform several tasks. This necessity obliges the companies to have large structures to support all the assembling process. These huge structures are very costly and have as a consequence the reduction of the competitiveness of the companies. The process presented in this document has the intention of reducing the number of tasks needed to produce the final subsystem/product. To achieve this goal were combined several technologies, as in-mould assembling, laser welding and LEDs (light-emitting diode). One of the advantages of this process was the utilization of only one injection molding machine with three injection units to do all the assembling process. To achieve the main objective, firstly, the rear lamp was designed according to with the legislation of UNECE Vehicle Regulations - 1958 Agreements; Regulation No. 50 -Rev.2 - Position lamps, stop lamps, direction indicators for motorcycles. Posterior several polymeric materials were studied at different levels. Initial were studied several concentrations of carbon nanotubes mixed with PC (polycarbonate). This had the objective of determine, if these materials are suitable to conduct the necessary electric current to turn on the different LEDs. One of the main advantages of this process is the use of the laser transmission welded process. Since, with this welding technology is possible reduce the complexity of the final part. To understand the potentialities of this technology a combination of two materials was studied. The studied showed that all materials presented a high transparency to the laser beam. In terms of weld process, the study showed that the best welding conditions are the lowest velocity, diameter and power. With these studies was possible conclude that this new process is suitable to be implemented at the industrial level.

  2. Bit error rate tester using fast parallel generation of linear recurring sequences

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pierson, Lyndon G.; Witzke, Edward L.; Maestas, Joseph H.

    2003-05-06

    A fast method for generating linear recurring sequences by parallel linear recurring sequence generators (LRSGs) with a feedback circuit optimized to balance minimum propagation delay against maximal sequence period. Parallel generation of linear recurring sequences requires decimating the sequence (creating small contiguous sections of the sequence in each LRSG). A companion matrix form is selected depending on whether the LFSR is right-shifting or left-shifting. The companion matrix is completed by selecting a primitive irreducible polynomial with 1's most closely grouped in a corner of the companion matrix. A decimation matrix is created by raising the companion matrix to the (n*k).sup.th power, where k is the number of parallel LRSGs and n is the number of bits to be generated at a time by each LRSG. Companion matrices with 1's closely grouped in a corner will yield sparse decimation matrices. A feedback circuit comprised of XOR logic gates implements the decimation matrix in hardware. Sparse decimation matrices can be implemented with minimum number of XOR gates, and therefore a minimum propagation delay through the feedback circuit. The LRSG of the invention is particularly well suited to use as a bit error rate tester on high speed communication lines because it permits the receiver to synchronize to the transmitted pattern within 2n bits.

  3. A high-precision search for magnetic field oscillations in the roAp star HD 24712

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Kochukhov; G. A. Wade

    2007-02-28

    We have obtained a time series of 81 high-cadence circular polarization observations of the rapidly oscillating Ap star HD 24712 with the new ESPaDOnS spectropolarimeter at CFHT. We used the high-S/N, high-resolution Stokes I and V spectra to investigate possible variation of the mean longitudinal field over the pulsation cycle in this roAp star. Our multiline magnetic field and radial velocity measurements utilized 143 spectral lines of rare-earth elements, attaining precision better than 13 G and 19 m/s, respectively. A multiperiodic radial velocity variation with an amplitude of 40-136 m/s is clearly detected at the known pulsation frequencies of HD 24712. At the same time, no evidence for pulsational changes of the magnetic field can be found. We derive a 3sigma upper limit of 10 G, or about 1% of the mean longitudinal field strength, for magnetic field oscillations in the upper atmosphere of HD 24712. The absence of detectable pulsational variability of the magnetic field provides a valuable constraint for the interaction between pulsations and magnetic field in roAp stars and is compatible with the recent predictions of detailed theoretical models of stellar magnetoacoustic oscillations.

  4. High precision stereo profilometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aumond, Bernardo Dantas, 1972-

    2001-01-01

    Metrological data from sample surfaces can be obtained by using a variety of profilome try methods. Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), which relies on contact inter-atomic forces to extract topographical images of a sample, ...

  5. High Precision Measurement of the Proton Elastic Form Factor Ratio $?_pG_E/G_M$ at low $Q^2$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    X. Zhan; K. Allada; D. S. Armstrong; J. Arrington; W. Bertozzi; W. Boeglin; J. -P. Chen; K. Chirapatpimol; S. Choi; E. Chudakov; E. Cisbani; P. Decowski; C. Dutta; S. Frullani; E. Fuchey; F. Garibaldi; S. Gilad; R. Gilman; J. Glister; K. Hafidi; B. Hahn; J. -O. Hansen; D. W. Higinbotham; T. Holmstrom; R. J. Holt; J. Huang; G. M. Huber; F. Itard; C. W. de Jager; X. Jiang; J. Johnson; J. Katich; R. de Leo; J. J. LeRose; R. Lindgren; E. Long; D. J. Margaziotis; S. May-Tal Beck; D. Meekins; R. Michaels; B. Moffit; B. E. Norum; M. Olson; E. Piasetzky; I. Pomerantz; D. Protopopescu; X. Qian; Y. Qiang; A. Rakhman; R. D. Ransome; P. E. Reimer; J. Reinhold; S. Riordan; G. Ron; A. Saha; A. J. Sarty; B. Sawatzky; E. C. Schulte; M. Shabestari; A. Shahinyan; S. Sirca; P. Solvignon; N. F. Sparveris; S. Strauch; R. Subedi; V. Sulkosky; I. Vilardi; Y. Wang; B. Wojtsekhowski; Z. Ye; Y. Zhang

    2011-08-31

    We report a new, high-precision measurement of the proton elastic form factor ratio \\mu_p G_E/G_M for the four-momentum transfer squared Q^2 = 0.3-0.7 (GeV/c)^2. The measurement was performed at Jefferson Lab (JLab) in Hall A using recoil polarimetry. With a total uncertainty of approximately 1%, the new data clearly show that the deviation of the ratio \\mu_p G_E/G_M from unity observed in previous polarization measurements at high Q^2 continues down to the lowest Q^2 value of this measurement. The updated global fit that includes the new results yields an electric (magnetic) form factor roughly 2% smaller (1% larger) than the previous global fit in this Q^2 range. We obtain new extractions of the proton electric and magnetic radii, which are ^(1/2)=0.875+/-0.010 fm and ^(1/2)=0.867+/-0.020 fm. The charge radius is consistent with other recent extractions based on the electron-proton interaction, including the atomic hydrogen Lamb shift measurements, which suggests a missing correction in the comparison of measurements of the proton charge radius using electron probes and the recent extraction from the muonic hydrogen Lamb shift.

  6. The precise determination of mass through the oscillations of a very high-Q superconductor oscillating system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osvaldo F. Schilling

    2013-08-29

    The present paper is based upon the fact that if an object is part of a highly stable oscillating system, it is possible to obtain an extremely precise measure for its mass in terms of the energy trapped in this resonance. The subject is timely since there is great interest in Metrology on the establishment of a new electronic standard for the kilogram. Our contribution to such effort includes both the proposal of an alternative definition for mass in terms of energy, as well as the description of a realistic experimental system in which this definition might actually be applied. The setup consists of an oscillating type-II superconducting loop (the SEO system) subjected to the gravity and magnetic fields. The system is shown to be able to reach a dynamic equilibrium by trapping energy up to the point it levitates against the surrounding magnetic and gravitational fields, behaving as an extremely high-Q spring-load system. The proposed energy-mass equation applied to the electromechanical oscillating system eventually produces a new experimental relation between mass and standardized constants.

  7. HIGH PRECISION ABUNDANCES OF THE OLD SOLAR TWIN HIP 102152: INSIGHTS ON Li DEPLETION FROM THE OLDEST SUN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Monroe, TalaWanda R.; Melendez, Jorge; Tucci Maia, Marcelo; Freitas, Fabricio C.; Yong, David; Asplund, Martin; Alves-Brito, Alan; Casagrande, Luca; Bergemann, Maria; Bedell, Megan; Bean, Jacob; Lind, Karin; Castro, Matthieu; Do Nascimento, Jose-Dias; Bazot, Michael

    2013-09-10

    We present the first detailed chemical abundance analysis of the old 8.2 Gyr solar twin, HIP 102152. We derive differential abundances of 21 elements relative to the Sun with precisions as high as 0.004 dex ({approx}<1%), using ultra high-resolution (R = 110,000), high S/N UVES spectra obtained on the 8.2 m Very Large Telescope. Our determined metallicity of HIP 102152 is [Fe/H] = -0.013 {+-} 0.004. The atmospheric parameters of the star were determined to be 54 K cooler than the Sun, 0.09 dex lower in surface gravity, and a microturbulence identical to our derived solar value. Elemental abundance ratios examined versus dust condensation temperature reveal a solar abundance pattern for this star, in contrast to most solar twins. The abundance pattern of HIP 102152 appears to be the most similar to solar of any known solar twin. Abundances of the younger, 2.9 Gyr solar twin, 18 Sco, were also determined from UVES spectra to serve as a comparison for HIP 102152. The solar chemical pattern of HIP 102152 makes it a potential candidate to host terrestrial planets, which is reinforced by the lack of giant planets in its terrestrial planet region. The following non-local thermodynamic equilibrium Li abundances were obtained for HIP 102152, 18 Sco, and the Sun: log {epsilon} (Li) = 0.48 {+-} 0.07, 1.62 {+-} 0.02, and 1.07 {+-} 0.02, respectively. The Li abundance of HIP 102152 is the lowest reported to date for a solar twin, and allows us to consider an emerging, tightly constrained Li-age trend for solar twin stars.

  8. High-precision determination of low-energy effective parameters for a two-dimensional Heisenberg quantum antiferromagnet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang, F.-J.; Wiese, U.-J.

    2011-04-15

    The two-dimensional (2D) spin-(1/2) Heisenberg antiferromagnet with exchange coupling J is investigated on a periodic square lattice of spacing a at very small temperatures using the loop-cluster algorithm. Monte Carlo data for the staggered and uniform susceptibilities are compared with analytic results obtained in the systematic low-energy effective field theory for the staggered magnetization order parameter. The low-energy parameters of the effective theory, i.e., the staggered magnetization density M{sub s}=0.307 43(1)/a{sup 2}, the spin stiffness {rho}{sub s}=0.180 81(11)J, and the spin wave velocity c=1.6586(3)Ja, are determined with very high precision. Our study may serve as a test case for the comparison of lattice quantum chromodynamics Monte Carlo data with analytic predictions of the chiral effective theory for pions and nucleons, which is vital for the quantitative understanding of the strong interaction at low energies.

  9. 1Black Box Software Testing Copyright 2003 Cem Kaner The Role of Testers in XP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1Black Box Software Testing Copyright © 2003 Cem Kaner The Role of Testers in XP Cem Kaner August reflect the views of the National Science Foundation (NSF). #12;2Black Box Software Testing Copyright © 2003 Cem Kaner Testing: The Traditional View · Many years ago, the software development community

  10. TOPIC: Shale Gas Emissions w/David Allen, Energy Institute HOST: Jeff Tester and Todd Cowen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    the nation's energy landscape. However, the environmental impacts associated with ``fracking'' for shale gasTOPIC: Shale Gas Emissions w/David Allen, Energy Institute HOST: Jeff Tester and Todd Cowen DATE: November 20th , 12:00 -1:00pm, 300 Rice Hall Atmospheric Impacts of Expanded Natural Gas Use Hydraulic

  11. Annual Logging Symposium, May 25-28, 2008 COMPARISON OF WIRELINE FORMATION-TESTER SAMPLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    -TESTER SAMPLING WITH FOCUSED AND CONVENTIONAL PROBES IN THE PRESENCE OF OIL-BASE MUD-FILTRATE INVASION Mayank miscibility with reservoir hydrocarbons. In the course of fluid sampling, varying concentrations of OBM to properly quantify the relative performance of focused and conventional probes for a wide range of field

  12. Design and control of a linear bearing durability tester

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pope, Benjamin J

    2008-01-01

    In order to better understand the characteristics of linear bearings under high load and high speed conditions, a machine capable of testing bearings under these conditions was created. The machine is flexible in its design, ...

  13. Precision Mining

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram Guidelines This document w1.½tank |A suggestion for aPrecision

  14. Annual Logging Symposium, June 21-24, 2009 Wireline and While-Drilling Formation-Tester Sampling with Oval, Focused,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    sampling remains acquiring clean reservoir fluid samples wi about the potential of developing new fluid sampling methods with probe-type formation testers has. Extending the existing wireline technology requires a new pumping system capable of removing invasion fluids

  15. Precision electron polarimetry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chudakov, Eugene A.

    2013-11-01

    A new generation of precise Parity-Violating experiments will require a sub-percent accuracy of electron beam polarimetry. Compton polarimetry can provide such accuracy at high energies, but at a few hundred MeV the small analyzing power limits the sensitivity. M{\\o}ller polarimetry provides a high analyzing power independent on the beam energy, but is limited by the properties of the polarized targets commonly used. Options for precision polarimetry at ~300 MeV will be discussed, in particular a proposal to use ultra-cold atomic hydrogen traps to provide a 100\\%-polarized electron target for M{\\o}ller polarimetry.

  16. Toward high-precision values of the self energy of non-S states in hydrogen and hydrogen-like ions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eric-Olivier Le Bigot; Ulrich D. Jentschura; Paul Indelicato; Peter J. Mohr

    2004-10-22

    The method and status of a study to provide numerical, high-precision values of the self-energy level shift in hydrogen and hydrogen-like ions is described. Graphs of the self energy in hydrogen-like ions with nuclear charge number between 20 and 110 are given for a large number of states. The self-energy is the largest contribution of Quantum Electrodynamics (QED) to the energy levels of these atomic systems. These results greatly expand the number of levels for which the self energy is known with a controlled and high precision. Applications include the adjustment of the Rydberg constant and atomic calculations that take into account QED effects.

  17. We describe a low cost high precision photometric imaging system, which has been in robotic operation for one year on the Mauna Loa observatory (Hawaii). The system, which can be easily duplicated, offers a 150 sq deg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guyon, Olivier

    We describe a low cost high precision photometric imaging system, which has been in roboticAchieving high precision photometry for identifying transiting exoplanets with a low-cost robotic DSLR-based imaging systemexoplanets with a low-cost robotic DSLR-based imaging system Mauna Kea Dual camera system

  18. Geochemistry of eclogites from Western Norway: implications from high-precision whole-rock and rutile analyses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilkinson, Darren James

    2015-06-30

    The Western Gneiss Region (WGR) in Norway is home to some of the world’s most spectacular exposures of high pressure (HP) and ultrahigh pressure (UHP) eclogites. Despite extensive petrological studies into their pressure, ...

  19. A high-finesse Fabry-Perot cavity with a frequency-doubled green laser for precision Compton polarimetry at Jefferson Lab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rakhman, A; Nanda, S; Benmokhtar, F; Camsonne, A; Cates, G D; Dalton, M M; Franklin, G B; Friend, M; Michaels, R W; Nelyubin, V; Parno, D S; Paschke, K D; Quinn, B P; Souder, P A; Tobias, W A

    2016-01-01

    A high-finesse Fabry-Perot cavity with a frequency-doubled continuous wave green laser (532~nm) has been built and installed in Hall A of Jefferson Lab for high precision Compton polarimetry. The infrared (1064~nm) beam from a ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier seeded by a Nd:YAG nonplanar ring oscillator laser is frequency doubled in a single-pass periodically poled MgO:LiNbO$_{3}$ crystal. The maximum achieved green power at 5 W IR pump power is 1.74 W with a total conversion efficiency of 34.8\\%. The green beam is injected into the optical resonant cavity and enhanced up to 3.7~kW with a corresponding enhancement of 3800. The polarization transfer function has been measured in order to determine the intra-cavity circular laser polarization within a measurement uncertainty of 0.7\\%. The PREx experiment at Jefferson Lab used this system for the first time and achieved 1.0\\% precision in polarization measurements of an electron beam with energy and current of 1.0~GeV and 50~$\\mu$A.

  20. A high-finesse Fabry-Perot cavity with a frequency-doubled green laser for precision Compton polarimetry at Jefferson Lab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Rakhman; M. Hafez; S. Nanda; F. Benmokhtar; A. Camsonne; G. D. Cates; M. M. Dalton; G. B. Franklin; M. Friend; R. W. Michaels; V. Nelyubin; D. S. Parno; K. D. Paschke; B. P. Quinn; P. A. Souder; W. A. Tobias

    2016-01-03

    A high-finesse Fabry-Perot cavity with a frequency-doubled continuous wave green laser (532~nm) has been built and installed in Hall A of Jefferson Lab for high precision Compton polarimetry. The infrared (1064~nm) beam from a ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier seeded by a Nd:YAG nonplanar ring oscillator laser is frequency doubled in a single-pass periodically poled MgO:LiNbO$_{3}$ crystal. The maximum achieved green power at 5 W IR pump power is 1.74 W with a total conversion efficiency of 34.8\\%. The green beam is injected into the optical resonant cavity and enhanced up to 3.7~kW with a corresponding enhancement of 3800. The polarization transfer function has been measured in order to determine the intra-cavity circular laser polarization within a measurement uncertainty of 0.7\\%. The PREx experiment at Jefferson Lab used this system for the first time and achieved 1.0\\% precision in polarization measurements of an electron beam with energy and current of 1.0~GeV and 50~$\\mu$A.

  1. High-Precision Measurements of [superscript 33]S and [superscript 34]S Fractionation during SO[subscript 2] Oxidation Reveal Causes of Seasonality in SO[subscript 2] and Sulfate Isotopic Composition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Eliza

    This study presents high-precision isotope ratio-mass spectrometric measurements of isotopic fractionation during oxidation of SO[subscript 2] by OH radicals in the gas phase and H[subscript 2]O[subscript 2] and transition ...

  2. Statistical considerations in high precision U-Pb geochronology, with an application to the tectonic evolution of the North Cascades, Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLean, Noah Morgan

    2012-01-01

    The range of geologic problems that may be addressed by U-Pb geochronology is governed by the precision to which U-Pb dates can be measured, expressed as their estimated uncertainties. Accurate and precise knowledge of ...

  3. Precision powder feeder

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schlienger, M. Eric (Albuquerque, NM); Schmale, David T. (Albuquerque, NM); Oliver, Michael S. (Sandia Park, NM)

    2001-07-10

    A new class of precision powder feeders is disclosed. These feeders provide a precision flow of a wide range of powdered materials, while remaining robust against jamming or damage. These feeders can be precisely controlled by feedback mechanisms.

  4. An impedance profile of a commercial power grid and a tester power distribution system is developed in this paper.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plusquellic, James

    Abstract An impedance profile of a commercial power grid and a tester power distribution system transient signals generated by a chip. Several resistance-capacitance (RC) models of the power grid testing environment is then developed. The impedance profile of the combined probe card and the power grid

  5. Method for high-precision multi-layered thin film deposition for deep and extreme ultraviolet mirrors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ruffner, J.A.

    1999-06-15

    A method for coating (flat or non-flat) optical substrates with high-reflectivity multi-layer coatings for use at Deep Ultra-Violet (DUV) and Extreme Ultra-Violet (EUV) wavelengths. The method results in a product with minimum feature sizes of less than 0.10 [micro]m for the shortest wavelength (13.4 nm). The present invention employs a computer-based modeling and deposition method to enable lateral and vertical thickness control by scanning the position of the substrate with respect to the sputter target during deposition. The thickness profile of the sputter targets is modeled before deposition and then an appropriate scanning algorithm is implemented to produce any desired, radially-symmetric thickness profile. The present invention offers the ability to predict and achieve a wide range of thickness profiles on flat or figured substrates, i.e., account for 1/R[sup 2] factor in a model, and the ability to predict and accommodate changes in deposition rate as a result of plasma geometry, i.e., over figured substrates. 15 figs.

  6. Method for high-precision multi-layered thin film deposition for deep and extreme ultraviolet mirrors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ruffner, Judith Alison (Albuquerque, NM)

    1999-01-01

    A method for coating (flat or non-flat) optical substrates with high-reflectivity multi-layer coatings for use at Deep Ultra-Violet ("DUV") and Extreme Ultra-Violet ("EUV") wavelengths. The method results in a product with minimum feature sizes of less than 0.10-.mu.m for the shortest wavelength (13.4-nm). The present invention employs a computer-based modeling and deposition method to enable lateral and vertical thickness control by scanning the position of the substrate with respect to the sputter target during deposition. The thickness profile of the sputter targets is modeled before deposition and then an appropriate scanning algorithm is implemented to produce any desired, radially-symmetric thickness profile. The present invention offers the ability to predict and achieve a wide range of thickness profiles on flat or figured substrates, i.e., account for 1/R.sup.2 factor in a model, and the ability to predict and accommodate changes in deposition rate as a result of plasma geometry, i.e., over figured substrates.

  7. Precision Robotic Assembly Machine

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2010-09-01

    The world's largest laser system is the National Ignition Facility (NIF), located at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. NIF's 192 laser beams are amplified to extremely high energy, and then focused onto a tiny target about the size of a BB, containing frozen hydrogen gas. The target must be perfectly machined to incredibly demanding specifications. The Laboratory's scientists and engineers have developed a device called the "Precision Robotic Assembly Machine" for this purpose. Its unique design won a prestigious R&D-100 award from R&D Magazine.

  8. High Accuracy Non-A/C Powered Leak Tester and Volume Calibrator - Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-DoseOptionsthroughput spectrometer for fastInnovation

  9. High-precision CoRoT space photometry and fundamental parameter determination of the B2.5V star HD 48977

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thoul, Anne; Catala, Claude; Aerts, Conny; Morel, Thierry; Briquet, Maryline; Hillen, Michel; Raskin, Gert; Van Winckel, Hans; Auvergne, Michel; Baglin, Annie; Baudin, Frédéric; Michel, Eric

    2012-01-01

    We present the CoRoT light curve of the bright B2.5V star HD 48977 observed during a short run of the mission in 2008, as well as a high-resolution spectrum gathered with the HERMES spectrograph at the Mercator telescope. We use several time series analysis tools to explore the nature of the variations present in the light curve. We perform a detailed analysis of the spectrum of the star to determine its fundamental parameters and its element abundances. We find a large number of high-order g-modes, and one rotationally induced frequency. We find stable low-amplitude frequencies in the p-mode regime as well. We conclude that HD 48977 is a new Slowly Pulsating B star with fundamental parameters found to be Teff = 20000 $\\pm$ 1000 K and log(g)=4.2 $/pm$ 0.1. The element abundances are similar to those found for other B stars in the solar neighbourhood. HD 48977 was observed during a short run of the CoRoT satellite implying that the frequency precision is insufficient to perform asteroseismic modelling of the s...

  10. Precision flyer initiator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Frank, A.M.; Lee, R.S.

    1998-05-26

    A precision flyer initiator forms a substantially spherical detonation wave in a high explosive (HE) pellet. An explosive driver, such as a detonating cord, a wire bridge circuit or a small explosive, is detonated. A flyer material is sandwiched between the explosive driver and an end of a barrel that contains an inner channel. A projectile or ``flyer`` is sheared from the flyer material by the force of the explosive driver and projected through the inner channel. The flyer than strikes the HE pellet, which is supported above a second end of the barrel by a spacer ring. A gap or shock decoupling material delays the shock wave in the barrel from predetonating the HE pellet before the flyer. A spherical detonation wave is formed in the HE pellet. Thus, a shock wave traveling through the barrel fails to reach the HE pellet before the flyer strikes the HE pellet. The precision flyer initiator can be used in mining devices, well-drilling devices and anti-tank devices. 10 figs.

  11. Precision flyer initiator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Frank, Alan M. (Livermore, CA); Lee, Ronald S. (Livermore, CA)

    1998-01-01

    A precision flyer initiator forms a substantially spherical detonation wave in a high explosive (HE) pellet. An explosive driver, such as a detonating cord, a wire bridge circuit or a small explosive, is detonated. A flyer material is sandwiched between the explosive driver and an end of a barrel that contains an inner channel. A projectile or "flyer" is sheared from the flyer material by the force of the explosive driver and projected through the inner channel. The flyer than strikes the HE pellet, which is supported above a second end of the barrel by a spacer ring. A gap or shock decoupling material delays the shock wave in the barrel from predetonating the HE pellet before the flyer. A spherical detonation wave is formed in the HE pellet. Thus, a shock wave traveling through the barrel fails to reach the HE pellet before the flyer strikes the HE pellet. The precision flyer initiator can be used in mining devices, well-drilling devices and anti-tank devices.

  12. The impact of the Kuiper Belt Objects and of the asteroid ring on future high-precision relativistic Solar System tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorenzo Iorio

    2007-08-08

    We preliminarily investigate the impact of the Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) and of the asteroid ring on some proposed high-precision tests of Newtonian and post-Newtonian gravity to be performed in the Solar System by means of spacecraft in heliocentric \\approx 1 AU orbits and accurate orbit determination of some of the inner planets. It turns out that the Classical KBOSs (CKBOS), which amount to \\approx 70% of the observed population of Trans-Neptunian bodies, induce a systematic secular error of about 1 m after one year in the transverse direction T of the orbit of a test particle orbiting at 1 AU from the Sun. For Mercury the ratios of the secular perihelion precessions induced by CKBOs to the ones induced by the general relativity and the solar oblateness J_2 amount to 6 10^-7 and 8 10^-4, respectively. The secular transverse perturbation induced on a \\approx 1 AU orbit by the asteroid ring, which globally accounts for the action of the minor asteroids whose mass is about 5 10^-10 solar masses, is 10 m yr^-1; the bias on the relativistic and J_2 Mercury perihelion precessions is 6.1 10^-6 and 1 10^-2, respectively. Given the very ambitious goals of many expensive and complex missions aimed to testing gravitational theories to unprecedented levels of accuracy, these notes may suggest further and more accurate investigations of such sources of potentially insidious systematic bias.

  13. Compaction comparison testing using a modified impact soil tester and nuclear density gauge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erchul, R.A.

    1999-07-01

    The purpose of this paper is to compare test results of a modified Impact Soil Tester (IST) on compacted soil with data obtained from the same soil using a nuclear density gauge at the US Army Corp of Engineer's Buena Vista Flood Wall project in Buena Vista, Virginia. The tests were run during construction of the earth flood wall during the summer of 1996. This comparison testing demonstrated the credibility of the procedure developed for the IST as a compacting testing device. The comparison data was obtained on a variety of soils ranging from silty sands to clays. The Flood Wall comparison compaction data for 90% Standard Proctor shows that the results of the IST as modified are consistent with the nuclear density gauge 89% of the time for all types of soil tested. However, if the soils are more cohesive than the results are consistent with the nuclear density gauge 97% of the time. In addition these comparison tests are in general agreement with comparison compaction testing using the same testing techniques and methods of compacted backfill in utility trenches conducted earlier for the Public Works Department, Chesterfield County, Virginia.

  14. KELT-8b: A highly inflated transiting hot Jupiter and a new technique for extracting high-precision radial velocities from noisy spectra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fulton, Benjamin J; Gaudi, B Scott; Stassun, Keivan G; Pepper, Joshua; Beatty, Thomas G; Siverd, Robert J; Penev, Kaloyan; Howard, Andrew W; Baranec, Christoph; Corfini, Giorgio; Eastman, Jason D; Gregorio, Joao; Law, Nicholas M; Lund, Michael B; Oberst, Thomas E; Penny, Matthew T; Riddle, Reed; Rodriguez, Joseph E; Stevens, Daniel J; Zambelli, Roberto; Ziegler, Carl; Bieryla, Allyson; D`Ago, Giuseppe; DePoy, Darren L; Jensen, Eric L N; Kielkopf, John F; Latham, David W; Manner, Mark; Marshall, Jennifer; McLeod, Kim K; Reed, Phillip A

    2015-01-01

    We announce the discovery of a highly inflated transiting hot Jupiter discovered by the KELT-North survey. A global analysis including constraints from isochrones indicates that the V = 10.8 host star (HD 343246) is a mildly evolved, G dwarf with $T_{\\rm eff} = 5754_{-55}^{+54}$ K, $\\log{g} = 4.078_{-0.054}^{+0.049}$, $[Fe/H] = 0.272\\pm0.038$, an inferred mass $M_{*}=1.211_{-0.066}^{+0.078}$ M$_{\\odot}$, and radius $R_{*}=1.67_{-0.12}^{+0.14}$ R$_{\\odot}$. The planetary companion has mass $M_P = 0.867_{-0.061}^{+0.065}$ $M_{J}$, radius $R_P = 1.86_{-0.16}^{+0.18}$ $R_{J}$, surface gravity $\\log{g_{P}} = 2.793_{-0.075}^{+0.072}$, and density $\\rho_P = 0.167_{-0.038}^{+0.047}$ g cm$^{-3}$. The planet is on a roughly circular orbit with semimajor axis $a = 0.04571_{-0.00084}^{+0.00096}$ AU and eccentricity $e = 0.035_{-0.025}^{+0.050}$. The best-fit linear ephemeris is $T_0 = 2456883.4803 \\pm 0.0007$ BJD$_{\\rm TDB}$ and $P = 3.24406 \\pm 0.00016$ days. This planet is one of the most inflated of all known transiti...

  15. Precision positioning device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McInroy, John E.

    2005-01-18

    A precision positioning device is provided. The precision positioning device comprises a precision measuring/vibration isolation mechanism. A first plate is provided with the precision measuring mean secured to the first plate. A second plate is secured to the first plate. A third plate is secured to the second plate with the first plate being positioned between the second plate and the third plate. A fourth plate is secured to the third plate with the second plate being positioned between the third plate and the fourth plate. An adjusting mechanism for adjusting the position of the first plate, the second plate, the third plate, and the fourth plate relative to each other.

  16. Precision autonomous underwater navigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bingham, Brian S. (Brian Steven), 1973-

    2003-01-01

    Deep-sea archaeology, an emerging application of autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) technology, requires precise navigation and guidance. As science requirements and engineering capabilities converge, navigating in the ...

  17. The magic road to precision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Safronova, M S; Safronova, U I; Clark, Charles W

    2015-01-01

    We predict a sequence of magic-zero wavelengths for the Sr excited $5s5p~ ^3P_0$ state, and provide a general roadmap for extracting transition matrix elements using precise frequency measurements. We demonstrate that such measurements can serve as a best global benchmark of the spectroscopic accuracy that is required for the development of high-precision predictive methods. These magic-zero wavelengths are also needed for state-selective atom manipulation for implementation of quantum logic operations. We also identify five magic wavelengths of the $5s^2\\ ^1S_0 - 5s5p\\ ^3P_0$ Sr clock transition between 350 nm and 500 nm which can also serve as precision benchmarks.

  18. The magic road to precision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. S. Safronova; Z. Zuhrianda; U. I. Safronova; Charles W. Clark

    2015-07-23

    We predict a sequence of magic-zero wavelengths for the Sr excited $5s5p~ ^3P_0$ state, and provide a general roadmap for extracting transition matrix elements using precise frequency measurements. We demonstrate that such measurements can serve as a best global benchmark of the spectroscopic accuracy that is required for the development of high-precision predictive methods. These magic-zero wavelengths are also needed for state-selective atom manipulation for implementation of quantum logic operations. We also identify five magic wavelengths of the $5s^2\\ ^1S_0 - 5s5p\\ ^3P_0$ Sr clock transition between 350 nm and 500 nm which can also serve as precision benchmarks.

  19. High precision high flow range control valve

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McCray, J.A.

    1999-07-13

    A fluid control valve is described having a valve housing having first and second valve housing openings for the ingress and egress of fluid through the control valve. Disposed within a void formed by the control valve is a sleeve having at least one sleeve opening to permit the flow of fluid therethrough. A flow restricter travels within the sleeve to progressively block off the sleeve opening and thereby control flow. A fluid passageway is formed between the first valve housing opening and the outer surface of the sleeve. A second fluid passageway is formed between the inside of the sleeve and the second valve housing opening. Neither fluid passageway contains more than one 90 [degree] turn. In the preferred embodiment only one of the two fluid passageways contains a 90[degree] turn. In another embodiment, the control valve housing is bifurcated by a control surface having control surface opening disposed therethrough. A flow restricter is in slidable contact with the control surface to restrict flow of fluid through the control surface openings. 12 figs.

  20. High precision high flow range control valve

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McCray, John A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1999-01-01

    A fluid control valve is described having a valve housing having first and second valve housing openings for the ingress and egress of fluid through the control valve. Disposed within a void formed by the control valve is a sleeve having at least one sleeve opening to permit the flow of fluid therethrough. A flow restricter travels within the sleeve to progressively block off the sleeve opening and thereby control flow. A fluid passageway is formed between the first valve housing opening and the outer surface of the sleeve. A second fluid passageway is formed between the inside of the sleeve and the second valve housing opening. Neither fluid passageway contains more than one 90.degree. turn. In the preferred embodiment only one of the two fluid passageways contains a 90.degree. turn. In another embodiment, the control valve housing is bifurcated by a control surface having control surface opening disposed therethrough. A flow restricter is in slidable contact with the control surface to restrict flow of fluid through the control surface openings.

  1. Precision photometry for planetary transits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frederic Pont; Claire Moutou

    2007-02-06

    We review the state of the art in follow-up photometry for planetary transit searches. Three topics are discussed: (1) Photometric monitoring of planets discovered by radial velocity to detect possible transits (2) Follow-up photometry of candidates from photometric transit searches to weed out eclipsing binaries and false positives (3) High-precision lightcurves of known transiting planets to increase the accuracy on the planet parameters.

  2. Method for grinding precision components

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ramanath, Srinivasan (Holden, MA); Kuo, Shih Yee (Westboro, MA); Williston, William H. (Holden, MA); Buljan, Sergej-Tomislav (Acton, MA)

    2000-01-01

    A method for precision cylindrical grinding of hard brittle materials, such as ceramics or glass and composites comprising ceramics or glass, provides material removal rates as high as 19-380 cm.sup.3 /min/cm. The abrasive tools used in the method comprise a strong, light weight wheel core bonded to a continuous rim of abrasive segments containing superabrasive grain in a dense metal bond matrix.

  3. Precision displacement reference system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bieg, Lothar F. (Albuquerque, NM); Dubois, Robert R. (Albuquerque, NM); Strother, Jerry D. (Edgewood, NM)

    2000-02-22

    A precision displacement reference system is described, which enables real time accountability over the applied displacement feedback system to precision machine tools, positioning mechanisms, motion devices, and related operations. As independent measurements of tool location is taken by a displacement feedback system, a rotating reference disk compares feedback counts with performed motion. These measurements are compared to characterize and analyze real time mechanical and control performance during operation.

  4. High-precision gigahertz-to-terahertz spectroscopy of aqueous salt solutions as a probe of the femtosecond-to-picosecond dynamics of liquid water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vinh, N Q; Allen, S James; George, D K; Rahmani, A J; Plaxco, Kevin W

    2015-01-01

    Because it is sensitive to fluctuations occurring over femtoseconds to picoseconds, gigahertz-to-terahertz dielectric relaxation spectroscopy can provide a valuable window into water's most rapid intermolecular motions. In response, we have built a vector network analyzer dielectric spectrometer capable of measuring absorbance and index of refraction in this frequency regime with unprecedented precision. Using this to determine the complex dielectric response of water and aqueous salt solutions from 5.9 GHz to 1.12 THz (which we provide in the SI), we have obtained strong new constraints on theories of water's collective dynamics. For example, while the salt-dependencies we observe for water's two slower relaxations (8 and 1 ps) are easily reconciled with suggestions that they arise due to rotations of fully and partially hydrogen bonded molecules, respectively, the salt-dependence of the fastest relaxation (180 fs) appears difficult to reconcile with its prior assignment to liberations of single hydrogen bon...

  5. A Radio-Tracking System for Studying Movements of Deer Author(s): John R. Tester, Dwain W. Warner, William W. Cochran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    A Radio-Tracking System for Studying Movements of Deer Author(s): John R. Tester, Dwain W. Warner of Wildlife Management. http://www.jstor.org #12;A RADIO-TRACKINGSYSTEMFORSTUDYINGMOVEMENTSOF DEER JOHN R monitor movements of deer (Odocoileus virginianus) marked with radio transmitters. Constructiondetails

  6. Precision liquid level sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Field, Michael E. (Albuquerque, NM); Sullivan, William H. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1985-01-01

    A precision liquid level sensor utilizes a balanced R. F. bridge, each arm including an air dielectric line. Changes in liquid level along one air dielectric line imbalance the bridge and create a voltage which is directly measurable across the bridge.

  7. Precision liquid level sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Field, M.E.; Sullivan, W.H.

    1985-01-29

    A precision liquid level sensor utilizes a balanced R. F. bridge, each arm including an air dielectric line. Changes in liquid level along one air dielectric line imbalance the bridge and create a voltage which is directly measurable across the bridge. 2 figs.

  8. Workshop on Precision Measurements of alphas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Bethke; A. H. Hoang; S. Kluth; J. Schieck; I. W. Stewart; S. Aoki; M. Beneke; J. Blumlein; N. Brambilla; S. Brodsky; S. Descotes-Genon; J. Erler; S. Forte; T. Gehrmann; C. Glasman; M. Golterman; S. Hashimoto; A. Kronfeld; J. Kuhn; P. Lepage; A. Martin; V. Mateu; S. Menke; Y. Nomura; C. Pahl; F. Petriello; A. Pich; K. Rabbertz; G. Salam; H. Schulz; R. Sommer; M. Steinhauser; B. Webber; CP. Yuan; G. Zanderighi

    2011-10-22

    These are the proceedings of the "Workshop on Precision Measurements of alphas" held at the Max-Planck-Institute for Physics, Munich, February 9-11, 2011. The workshop explored in depth the determination of alphas(mZ) in the MS-bar scheme from the key categories where high precision measurements are currently being made, including DIS and global PDF fits, tau-decays, electroweak precision observables and Z-decays, event-shapes, and lattice QCD. These proceedings contain a short summary contribution from the speakers, as well as the lists of authors, conveners, participants, and talks.

  9. Precision tests of QED and non-standard models by searching photon-photon scattering in vacuum with high power lasers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniele Tommasini; Albert Ferrando; Humberto Michinel; Marcos Seco

    2009-11-11

    We study how to search for photon-photon scattering in vacuum at present petawatt laser facilities such as HERCULES, and test Quantum Electrodynamics and non-standard models like Born-Infeld theory or scenarios involving minicharged particles or axion-like bosons. First, we compute the phase shift that is produced when an ultra-intense laser beam crosses a low power beam, in the case of arbitrary polarisations. This result is then used in order to design a complete test of all the parameters appearing in the low energy effective photonic Lagrangian. In fact, we propose a set of experiments that can be performed at HERCULES, eventually allowing either to detect photon-photon scattering as due to new physics, or to set new limits on the relevant parameters, improving by several orders of magnitude the current constraints obtained recently by PVLAS collaboration. We also describe a multi-cross optical mechanism that can further enhance the sensitivity, enabling HERCULES to detect photon-photon scattering even at a rate as small as that predicted by QED. Finally, we discuss how these results can be improved at future exawatt facilities such as ELI, thus providing a new class of precision tests of the Standard Model and beyond.

  10. A passion for precision

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    For more than three decades, the quest for ever higher precision in laser spectroscopy of the simple hydrogen atom has inspired many advances in laser, optical, and spectroscopic techniques, culminating in femtosecond laser optical frequency combs  as perhaps the most precise measuring tools known to man. Applications range from optical atomic clocks and tests of QED and relativity to searches for time variations of fundamental constants. Recent experiments are extending frequency comb techniques into the extreme ultraviolet. Laser frequency combs can also control the electric field of ultrashort light pulses, creating powerful new tools for the emerging field of attosecond science.Organiser(s): L. Alvarez-Gaume / PH-THNote: * Tea & coffee will be served at 16:00.

  11. IEEE/ASME TRANSACTIONS ON MECHATRONICS, VOL. 12, NO. 3, JUNE 2007 317 A Modular and High-Precision Motion Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollerbach, John M.

    IEEE/ASME TRANSACTIONS ON MECHATRONICS, VOL. 12, NO. 3, JUNE 2007 317 A Modular and High- tegrated mechatronics, mechatronics system, modular controller, modular joint, motion control system, robot

  12. Design and development of high precision elastomeric-stamp wrapping system for roll-to-roll multi-layer microcontact printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Datar, Charudatta Achyut

    2009-01-01

    Microcontact printing is an emerging printing technique that could potentially find application in the electronics industry. High-speed roll-to-roll equipment was built at Nano Terra, Inc in 2008, for microcontact printing. ...

  13. Verification of the MCU precision code and ROSFOND neutron data in application to the calculations of criticality of fast reactors with highly enriched uranium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alekseev, N. I.; Kalugin, M. A.; Kulakov, A. S.; Novosel’tsev, A. P.; Sergeev, G. S.; Shkarovskiy, D. A.; Yudkevich, M. S., E-mail: umark@adis.vver.kiae.ru [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

    2014-12-15

    Calculation of 335 critical assemblies (benchmark experiments) with the core of highly enriched uranium and reflectors of various materials is performed. The statistical analysis of the results shows that, for all 16 materials studied, the absolute value of the most probable deviation of the calculated value of K{sub eff} from the experimental one does not exceed 0.005.

  14. SPLAT II: An Aircraft Compatible, Ultra-Sensitive, High Precision Instrument for In-Situ Characterization of the Size and Composition of Fine and Ultrafine Particles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zelenyuk, Alla; Yang, Juan; Choi, Eric Y.; Imre, Dan G.

    2009-05-01

    The properties of aerosols depend on the size and internal compositions of the individual particles. The vast majority of atmospheric aerosols are smaller than 200 nm, yet the single particle mass spectrometers, the only instruments that can characterize the size and internal compositions of individual particles, typically detect these small particles with extremely low efficiencies. In this paper we describe a new instrument called SPLAT II that provides unparalleled sensitivity to small particles, detecting 100% of particles that are larger than 125 nm and 40% of 100 nm particles. This instrument also brings an increase by a factor of 10 in temporal resolution, sizing up to 500 particles per second and characterizing the composition of up to 100 of them. SPLAT II uses a two-laser, two-step process to evaporate the particles and generate ions, producing high quality, reproducible mass spectra of the refractive and non-refractive aerosol fractions to yield the complete compositions of individual particles. The instrument control board provides for size dependent delays for lasers’ triggers to eliminate a size dependent hit rate. The mass spectra are recorded with 14-bit vertical resolution and analyzed using custom software packages. The instrument’s high sizing resolution and sensitivity makes it possible to combine it with the differential mobility analyzer(s) and measure particle size, composition, density, dynamic shape factor, hygroscopicity, and fractal dimension.

  15. Archiving Data from New Survey Technologies: Lessons Learned on Enabling Research with High-Precision Data While Preserving Participant Privacy: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonder, J.; Burton, E.; Murakami, E.

    2014-11-01

    During the past 15 years, increasing numbers of organizations and planning agencies have begun collecting high-resolution Global Positioning System (GPS) travel data. Despite the significant effort and expense to collect it, privacy concerns often lead to underutilization of the data. To address this dilemma of providing data access while preserving privacy, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, with support from the U.S. Department of Transportation and U.S. Department of Energy, established the Transportation Secure Data Center (TSDC). Lessons drawn from best-practice examples from other data centers have helped shape the structure and operating procedures for the TSDC, which functions under the philosophy of first and foremost preserving privacy, but doing so in a way that balances security with accessibility and usability of the data for legitimate research. This paper provides details about the TSDC approach toward achieving these goals, which has included creating a secure enclave with no external access for backing up and processing raw data, a publicly accessible website for downloading cleansed data, and a secure portal environment through which approved users can work with detailed spatial data using a variety of tools and reference information. This paper also describes lessons learned from operating the TSDC with respect to improvements in GPS data handling, processing, and user support, along with plans for continual enhancements to better support the needs of both data providers and users and to thus advance the research value derived from such valuable data.

  16. Apparatus for precision micromachining with lasers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chang, Jim J. (Dublin, CA); Dragon, Ernest P. (Danville, CA); Warner, Bruce E. (Pleasanton, CA)

    1998-01-01

    A new material processing apparatus using a short-pulsed, high-repetition-rate visible laser for precision micromachining utilizes a near diffraction limited laser, a high-speed precision two-axis tilt-mirror for steering the laser beam, an optical system for either focusing or imaging the laser beam on the part, and a part holder that may consist of a cover plate and a back plate. The system is generally useful for precision drilling, cutting, milling and polishing of metals and ceramics, and has broad application in manufacturing precision components. Precision machining has been demonstrated through percussion drilling and trepanning using this system. With a 30 W copper vapor laser running at multi-kHz pulse repetition frequency, straight parallel holes with size varying from 500 microns to less than 25 microns and with aspect ratios up to 1:40 have been consistently drilled with good surface finish on a variety of metals. Micromilling and microdrilling on ceramics using a 250 W copper vapor laser have also been demonstrated with good results. Materialogroaphic sections of machined parts show little (submicron scale) recast layer and heat affected zone.

  17. Apparatus for precision micromachining with lasers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chang, J.J.; Dragon, E.P.; Warner, B.E.

    1998-04-28

    A new material processing apparatus using a short-pulsed, high-repetition-rate visible laser for precision micromachining utilizes a near diffraction limited laser, a high-speed precision two-axis tilt-mirror for steering the laser beam, an optical system for either focusing or imaging the laser beam on the part, and a part holder that may consist of a cover plate and a back plate. The system is generally useful for precision drilling, cutting, milling and polishing of metals and ceramics, and has broad application in manufacturing precision components. Precision machining has been demonstrated through percussion drilling and trepanning using this system. With a 30 W copper vapor laser running at multi-kHz pulse repetition frequency, straight parallel holes with size varying from 500 microns to less than 25 microns and with aspect ratios up to 1:40 have been consistently drilled with good surface finish on a variety of metals. Micromilling and microdrilling on ceramics using a 250 W copper vapor laser have also been demonstrated with good results. Materialographic sections of machined parts show little (submicron scale) recast layer and heat affected zone. 1 fig.

  18. Attaining the Photometric Precision Required by Future Dark Energy Projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stubbs, Christopher

    2013-01-21

    This report outlines our progress towards achieving the high-precision astronomical measurements needed to derive improved constraints on the nature of the Dark Energy. Our approach to obtaining higher precision flux measurements has two basic components: 1) determination of the optical transmission of the atmosphere, and 2) mapping out the instrumental photon sensitivity function vs. wavelength, calibrated by referencing the measurements to the known sensitivity curve of a high precision silicon photodiode, and 3) using the self-consistency of the spectrum of stars to achieve precise color calibrations.

  19. Very-High-Precision Calculations in Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amna Noreen

    2013-04-10

    This is the introductory part of my Ph.D thesis, defended at the Faculty of Science and Technology, NTNU on December 10, 2012.

  20. High Precision Geophysics & Detailed Structural Exploration ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    reservoir and identification of deep up flow targets. These surveys and the drilling process have been designed to severely limit the impact of the exploration. The geophysics...

  1. Towards a high-precision atomic gyroscope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Camp, Mackenzie A. (Mackenzie Anne)

    2013-01-01

    In this thesis, I report on the design and construction of the Rubidium Atomic Gyroscope Experiment (RAGE) at Draper Lab.

  2. Precision hybrid pipelined ADC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markova, Mariana (Mariana T.)

    2014-01-01

    Technology scaling poses challenges in designing analog circuits because of the decrease in intrinsic gain and reduced swing. An alternative to using high-gain amplifiers in the implementation of switched-capacitor circuits ...

  3. Precision Irrigators Network 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bynum, J.; Cothren, T.; Marek, T.; Piccinni, G.

    2007-01-01

    conservation including an "Agricultural Irrigation Water Use Management" BMPs section. The full TWDB Report 362 can be found at: http://www.twdb.state.tx.us/assistance/conservation/consindex.asp. DSS include the Texas High Plains Evapotranspiration Network...

  4. Precision Polarimetry at the International Linear Collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Helebrant; D. Käfer; J. List

    2008-10-13

    The International Linear Collider (ILC) will collide polarised electrons and positrons at beam energies of 45.6 GeV to 250 GeV and optionally up to 500 GeV. To fully exploit the physics potential of this machine, not only the luminosity and beam energy have to be known precisely, but also the polarisation of the particles has to be measured with an unprecedented precision of dP/P ~ 0.25% for both beams. An overall concept of high precision polarisation measurements at high beam energies will be presented. The focus will be on the polarimeters (up- and downstream of the e+e- interaction point) embedded in the ILC beam delivery system. Some challenges concerning the design of the Compton spectrometers and the appropriate Cherenkov detectors for each polarimeter are discussed. Detailed studies of photodetectors and their readout electronics are presented focusing specifically on the linearity of the device, since this is expected to be the limiting factor on the precision of the polarisation measurement at the ILC.

  5. High Precision Analyses of Lyman alpha Damping Wing of Gamma-Ray Bursts in the Reionization Era: On the Controversial Results from GRB 130606A at z = 5.91

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Totani, Tomonori; Hattori, Takashi; Kawai, Nobuyuki

    2015-01-01

    The unprecedentedly bright afterglow of GRB 130606A at z = 5.91 gave us a unique opportunity to probe the reionization era by high precision analyses of the redward damping wing of Lyman alpha absorption, but the reported constraints on the neutral hydrogen fraction (f_{HI}) in intergalactic medium (IGM) derived from spectra taken by different telescopes are in contradiction. Here we examine the origin of this discrepancy by analyzing the spectrum taken by VLT with our own analysis code previously used to fit the Subaru spectrum. Though the VLT team reported no evidence for IGM HI using the VLT spectrum, we confirmed our previous result of 3-4 sigma preference for non-zero IGM HI (f_{HI} ~ 0.06, when IGM HI extends to the GRB redshift). The fit residuals of the VLT spectrum by the model without IGM HI show the same systematic trend as the Subaru spectrum. We consider that the likely origin of the discrepancy between the two teams is the difference of the wavelength ranges adopted in the fittings; our waveleng...

  6. PROSPECT - A precision oscillation and spectrum experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. J. Langford

    2014-12-22

    Segmented antineutrino detectors placed near a compact research reactor provide an excellent opportunity to probe short-baseline neutrino oscillations and precisely measure the reactor antineutrino spectrum. Close proximity to a reactor combined with minimal overburden yield a high background environment that must be managed through shielding and detector technology. PROSPECT is a new experimental effort to detect reactor antineutrinos from the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, managed by UT Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy. The detector will use novel lithium-loaded liquid scintillator capable of neutron/gamma pulse shape discrimination and neutron capture tagging. These enhancements improve the ability to identify neutrino inverse-beta decays and reject background events in analysis. Results from these efforts will be covered along with their implications for an oscillation search and a precision spectrum measurement.

  7. PROSPECT - A precision oscillation and spectrum experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,

    2015-01-01

    Segmented antineutrino detectors placed near a compact research reactor provide an excellent opportunity to probe short-baseline neutrino oscillations and precisely measure the reactor antineutrino spectrum. Close proximity to a reactor combined with minimal overburden yield a high background environment that must be managed through shielding and detector technology. PROSPECT is a new experimental effort to detect reactor antineutrinos from the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, managed by UT Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy. The detector will use novel lithium-loaded liquid scintillator capable of neutron/gamma pulse shape discrimination and neutron capture tagging. These enhancements improve the ability to identify neutrino inverse-beta decays and reject background events in analysis. Results from these efforts will be covered along with their implications for an oscillation search and a precision spectrum measurement.

  8. Precision mechatronics lab robot development 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, Adam Gregory

    2009-05-15

    based mobile robot. The principal goal of this work was the demonstration of the Precision Mechatronics Lab (PML) robot. This robot should be capable of traversing any known distance while maintaining a minimal position error. An optical correction...

  9. Statistical foundations for precision medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manrai, Arjun Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Physicians must often diagnose their patients using disease archetypes that are based on symptoms as opposed to underlying pathophysiology. The growing concept of "precision medicine" addresses this challenge by recognizing ...

  10. A Versatile Scheme for the Validation, Testing and Debugging of High Speed Serial Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zilic, Zeljko

    A Versatile Scheme for the Validation, Testing and Debugging of High Speed Serial Interfaces, the post-silicon validation, debugging and testing of HSSIs are becoming critical. This paper presents and an FPGA-based Bit Error Rate Tester (BERT), we can validate and test HSSIs without the need of high

  11. Fundamental Symmetries of the Early Universe and the Precision Frontier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramsey-Musolf, Michael J. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706 (United States) and Kellogg Radiation Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

    2009-12-17

    The search for the next Standard Model of fundamental interactions is being carried out at two frontiers: the high energy frontier involving the Tevatron and Large Hadron Collider, and the high precision frontier where the focus is largely on low energy experiments. I discuss the unique and powerful window on new physics provided by the precision frontier and its complementarity to the information we hope to gain from present and future colliders.

  12. Precision cleaning apparatus and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schneider, T.W.; Frye, G.C.; Martin, S.J.

    1998-01-13

    A precision cleaning apparatus and method are disclosed. The precision cleaning apparatus includes a cleaning monitor further comprising an acoustic wave cleaning sensor such as a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM), a flexural plate wave (FPW) sensor, a shear horizontal acoustic plate mode (SH--APM) sensor, or a shear horizontal surface acoustic wave (SH--SAW) sensor; and measurement means connectable to the sensor for measuring in-situ one or more electrical response characteristics that vary in response to removal of one or more contaminants from the sensor and a workpiece located adjacent to the sensor during cleaning. Methods are disclosed for precision cleaning of one or more contaminants from a surface of the workpiece by means of the cleaning monitor that determines a state of cleanliness and any residual contamination that may be present after cleaning; and also for determining an effectiveness of a cleaning medium for removing one or more contaminants from a workpiece. 11 figs.

  13. Precision cleaning apparatus and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schneider, Thomas W. (Albuquerque, NM); Frye, Gregory C. (Cedar Crest, NM); Martin, Stephen J. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1998-01-01

    A precision cleaning apparatus and method. The precision cleaning apparatus includes a cleaning monitor further comprising an acoustic wave cleaning sensor such as a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM), a flexural plate wave (FPW) sensor, a shear horizontal acoustic plate mode (SH--APM) sensor, or a shear horizontal surface acoustic wave (SH--SAW) sensor; and measurement means connectable to the sensor for measuring in-situ one or more electrical response characteristics that vary in response to removal of one or more contaminants from the sensor and a workpiece located adjacent to the sensor during cleaning. Methods are disclosed for precision cleaning of one or more contaminants from a surface of the workpiece by means of the cleaning monitor that determines a state of cleanliness and any residual contamination that may be present after cleaning; and also for determining an effectiveness of a cleaning medium for removing one or more contaminants from a workpiece.

  14. Microbiopsy/precision cutting devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krulevitch, Peter A. (Pleasanton, CA); Lee, Abraham P. (Walnut Creek, CA); Northrup, M. Allen (Berkeley, CA); Benett, William J. (Livermore, CA)

    1999-01-01

    Devices for performing tissue biopsy on a small scale (microbiopsy). By reducing the size of the biopsy tool and removing only a small amount of tissue or other material in a minimally invasive manner, the risks, costs, injury and patient discomfort associated with traditional biopsy procedures can be reduced. By using micromachining and precision machining capabilities, it is possible to fabricate small biopsy/cutting devices from silicon. These devices can be used in one of four ways 1) intravascularly, 2) extravascularly, 3) by vessel puncture, and 4) externally. Additionally, the devices may be used in precision surgical cutting.

  15. Microbiopsy/precision cutting devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krulevitch, P.A.; Lee, A.P.; Northrup, M.A.; Benett, W.J.

    1999-07-27

    Devices are disclosed for performing tissue biopsy on a small scale (microbiopsy). By reducing the size of the biopsy tool and removing only a small amount of tissue or other material in a minimally invasive manner, the risks, costs, injury and patient discomfort associated with traditional biopsy procedures can be reduced. By using micromachining and precision machining capabilities, it is possible to fabricate small biopsy/cutting devices from silicon. These devices can be used in one of four ways (1) intravascularly, (2) extravascularly, (3) by vessel puncture, and (4) externally. Additionally, the devices may be used in precision surgical cutting. 6 figs.

  16. THE PRECISION MEDICINE INITIATIVE WHAT IS IT?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandettini, Peter A.

    THE PRECISION MEDICINE INITIATIVE WHAT IS IT? Precision medicine is an emerging approach, environment, and lifestyle. The Precision Medicine Initiative will generate the scientific evidence needed to move the concept of precision medicine into clinical practice. WHY NOW? The time is right because of

  17. Soviet precision timekeeping research and technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vessot, R.F.C.; Allan, D.W.; Crampton, S.J.B.; Cutler, L.S.; Kern, R.H.; McCoubrey, A.O.; White, J.D.

    1991-08-01

    This report is the result of a study of Soviet progress in precision timekeeping research and timekeeping capability during the last two decades. The study was conducted by a panel of seven US scientists who have expertise in timekeeping, frequency control, time dissemination, and the direct applications of these disciplines to scientific investigation. The following topics are addressed in this report: generation of time by atomic clocks at the present level of their technology, new and emerging technologies related to atomic clocks, time and frequency transfer technology, statistical processes involving metrological applications of time and frequency, applications of precise time and frequency to scientific investigations, supporting timekeeping technology, and a comparison of Soviet research efforts with those of the United States and the West. The number of Soviet professionals working in this field is roughly 10 times that in the United States. The Soviet Union has facilities for large-scale production of frequency standards and has concentrated its efforts on developing and producing rubidium gas cell devices (relatively compact, low-cost frequency standards of modest accuracy and stability) and atomic hydrogen masers (relatively large, high-cost standards of modest accuracy and high stability). 203 refs., 45 figs., 9 tabs.

  18. Externally Dispersed Interferometry for Precision Radial Velocimetry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erskine, D J; Muterspaugh, M W; Edelstein, J; Lloyd, J; Herter, T; Feuerstein, W M; Muirhead, P; Wishnow, E

    2007-03-27

    Externally Dispersed Interferometry (EDI) is the series combination of a fixed-delay field-widened Michelson interferometer with a dispersive spectrograph. This combination boosts the spectrograph performance for both Doppler velocimetry and high resolution spectroscopy. The interferometer creates a periodic spectral comb that multiplies against the input spectrum to create moire fringes, which are recorded in combination with the regular spectrum. The moire pattern shifts in phase in response to a Doppler shift. Moire patterns are broader than the underlying spectral features and more easily survive spectrograph blurring and common distortions. Thus, the EDI technique allows lower resolution spectrographs having relaxed optical tolerances (and therefore higher throughput) to return high precision velocity measurements, which otherwise would be imprecise for the spectrograph alone.

  19. Search for SUSY at LHC: Precision Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank E. Paige

    1997-12-16

    Methods to make precision measurements of SUSY masses and parameters at the CERN Large Hadron Collider are described.

  20. Toward Precise Control of a Robotic Boat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vedantam, Satish; Zhang, Wenyi; Mitra, Urbashi; Sabharwal, Ashutosh

    2007-01-01

    Precise Control of a Robotic Boat Arvind Menezes Pereira,David Caron & Gaurav Sukhatme Robotic Embedded Systems Lab,

  1. Annual Logging Symposium, June 19-23, 2010 Effects of Highly Laminated Reservoirs on the Performance of Wireline and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    on the Performance of Wireline and While-Drilling Formation-Tester Sampling with Oval, Focused, and Conventional-focused probes in highly laminated formations are compared. To account for the drilling environment, dynamic mud sealing area. The Dynamic mudcake model is used to simulate the differences between wireline and while-drilling

  2. Precision On Demand: An Improvement in Probabilistic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Precision On Demand: An Improvement in Probabilistic Hashing Igor Melatti, Robert Palmer approach Precision on Demand or POD). #12;This paper provides a scientific evaluation of the pros and cons time likely to increase by a factor of 1.8 or less. #12;Precision On Demand: An Improvement

  3. Precision On Demand: An Improvement in Probabilistic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Precision On Demand: An Improvement in Probabilistic Hashing Igor Melatti, Robert Palmer approach Precision on Demand or POD). #12; This paper provides a scientific evaluation of the pros and cons time likely to increase by a factor of 1.8 or less. #12; Precision On Demand: An Improvement

  4. PUSHING THE LIMITS OF GROUND-BASED PHOTOMETRIC PRECISION: SUBMILLIMAGNITUDE TIME-SERIES PHOTOMETRY OF THE OPEN CLUSTER NGC 6791

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaudi, B. Scott

    PUSHING THE LIMITS OF GROUND-BASED PHOTOMETRIC PRECISION: SUBMILLIMAGNITUDE TIME-SERIES PHOTOMETRY of this study was to demonstrate the ability to obtain very high precision photometry for a large number to obtain high-precision (millimagnitude, or less than 1%) time-series, optical and infrared photometry

  5. System for precise position registration

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sundelin, Ronald M.; Wang, Tong

    2005-11-22

    An apparatus for enabling accurate retaining of a precise position, such as for reacquisition of a microscopic spot or feature having a size of 0.1 mm or less, on broad-area surfaces after non-in situ processing. The apparatus includes a sample and sample holder. The sample holder includes a base and three support posts. Two of the support posts interact with a cylindrical hole and a U-groove in the sample to establish location of one point on the sample and a line through the sample. Simultaneous contact of the third support post with the surface of the sample defines a plane through the sample. All points of the sample are therefore uniquely defined by the sample and sample holder. The position registration system of the current invention provides accuracy, as measured in x, y repeatability, of at least 140 .mu.m.

  6. Precision Control of Multiple Quantum Cascade Lasers for Calibration Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taubman, Matthew S.; Myers, Tanya L.; Pratt, Richard M.; Stahl, Robert D.; Cannon, Bret D.

    2014-01-15

    We present a precision, digitally interfaced current controller for quantum cascade lasers, with demonstrated DC and modulated temperature coefficients of 1- 2 ppm/ºC and 15 ppm/ºC respectively. High linearity digital to analog converters (DACs) together with an ultra-precision voltage reference, produce highly stable, precision voltages. These are in turn selected by a low charge-injection multiplexer (MUX) chip, which are then used to set output currents via a linear current regulator. The controller is operated in conjunction with a power multiplexing unit, allowing one of three lasers to be driven by the controller while ensuring protection of controller and all lasers during operation, standby and switching. Simple ASCII commands sent over a USB connection to a microprocessor located in the current controller operate both the controller (via the DACs and MUX chip) and the power multiplexer.

  7. Precision Probes of a Leptophobic Z' Boson

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buckley, Matthew R. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Ramsey-Musolf, Michael J. [University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (US); Kellogg Radiation Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA (US)

    2012-03-01

    Extensions of the Standard Model that contain leptophobic Z' gauge bosons are theoretically interesting but difficult to probe directly in high-energy hadron colliders. However, precision measurements of Standard Model neutral current processes can provide powerful indirect tests. We demonstrate that parity-violating deep inelastic scattering of polarized electrons off of deuterium offer a unique probe leptophobic Z' bosons with axial quark couplings and masses above 100 GeV. In addition to covering a wide range of previously uncharted parameter space, planned measurements of the deep inelastic parity-violating eD asymmetry would be capable of testing leptophobic Z' scenarios proposed to explain the CDF W plus dijet anomaly.

  8. "Audacity or Precision": The Paradoxes of Henri Villat's Fluid Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aubin, David

    1 "Audacity or Precision": The Paradoxes of Henri Villat's Fluid Mechanics in Interwar France David researches on fluid mechanics. Most of his original work was done before the First Word War; it was highly on, he held the fluid mechanics chair established by the Air Ministry at the Sorbonne in Paris

  9. Method and apparatus for precision laser micromachining

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chang, Jim (San Ramon, CA); Warner, Bruce E. (Pleasanton, CA); Dragon, Ernest P. (Danville, CA)

    2000-05-02

    A method and apparatus for micromachining and microdrilling which results in a machined part of superior surface quality is provided. The system uses a near diffraction limited, high repetition rate, short pulse length, visible wavelength laser. The laser is combined with a high speed precision tilting mirror and suitable beam shaping optics, thus allowing a large amount of energy to be accurately positioned and scanned on the workpiece. As a result of this system, complicated, high resolution machining patterns can be achieved. A cover plate may be temporarily attached to the workpiece. Then as the workpiece material is vaporized during the machining process, the vapors condense on the cover plate rather than the surface of the workpiece. In order to eliminate cutting rate variations as the cutting direction is varied, a randomly polarized laser beam is utilized. A rotating half-wave plate is used to achieve the random polarization. In order to correctly locate the focus at the desired location within the workpiece, the position of the focus is first determined by monitoring the speckle size while varying the distance between the workpiece and the focussing optics. When the speckle size reaches a maximum, the focus is located at the first surface of the workpiece. After the location of the focus has been determined, it is repositioned to the desired location within the workpiece, thus optimizing the quality of the machined area.

  10. Precision and Energy Usage for Additive Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clemon, Lee; Sudradjat, Anton; Jaquez, Maribel; Krishna, Aditya; Rammah, Marwan; Dornfeld, David

    2013-01-01

    65688 PRECISION AND ENERGY USAGE FOR ADDITIVE MANUFACTURINGpart quality and energy usage for additive manufacturingfound in this study. Energy usage is quantified by measuring

  11. Sequential Linker Installation: Precise Placement of Functional...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sequential Linker Installation: Precise Placement of Functional Groups in Multivariate Metal-Organic Frameworks Previous Next List Yuan, Shuai; Lu, Weigang; Chen, Ying-Pin; Zhang,...

  12. Efficient design of precision medical robotics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanumara, Nevan Clancy

    2012-01-01

    Medical robotics is increasingly demonstrating the potential to improve patient care through more precise interventions. However, taking inspiration from industrial robotics has often resulted in large, sometimes cumbersome ...

  13. Precision Manufacturing Process Monitoring with Acoustic Emission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, D. E.; Hwang, I.; Valente, C. M. O.; Oliviera, J. F.G.; Dornfeld, D. A.

    2006-01-01

    feedback in a fully automated manufacturing environment. 8.Conclusions As current manufacturing trends aim for smallerfor open architecture manufacturing of precision machining

  14. Precision Manufacturing Process Monitoring With Acoustic Emission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, D.E.; Huang, Inkil; Valente, Carlos M. O.; Oliveira, J. F.; Dornfeld, David

    2006-01-01

    feedback in a fully automated manufacturing environment. 8.Conclusions As current manufacturing trends aim for smallerfor open architecture manufacturing of precision machining

  15. Precision Measurements at a Muon Collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Dawson

    1995-12-08

    We discuss the potential for making precision measurements of $M_W$ and $M_T$ at a muon collider and the motivations for each measurement. A comparison is made with the precision measurements expected at other facilities. The measurement of the top quark decay width is also discussed.

  16. Precision Constraints on Extra Fermion Generations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jens Erler; Paul Langacker

    2010-07-27

    There has been renewed interest in the possibility of additional fermion generations. At the same time there have been significant changes in the relevant electroweak precision constraints, in particular, in the interpretation of several of the low energy experiments. We summarize the various motivations for extra families and analyze them in view of the latest electroweak precision data.

  17. Fundamental Symmetries of the Early Universe and the Precision Frontier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramsey-Musolf, Michael (University of Wisconsin) [University of Wisconsin

    2011-03-02

    The quest to explain nature's fundamental interactions and how they shaped the evolution of the universe is one of the most compelling in physics. The standard model of particle physics provides a partial explanation, but we know that it must be part of a larger, more complete framework. Experiments hoping to uncover details of the 'new standard model' are being carried out at two frontiers: the high energy frontier and the high precision frontier. In this talk, I discuss the theoretical implications of some of the key up-coming experiments at the precision frontier. I focus in particular on what they may teach us about the origin of matter and the possible existence of new forces that were important at earlier times in the evolution of the cosmos. I will also comment on how they complement experiments at the energy frontier.

  18. A MEMS-based precision operational amplifier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paik, Song-Hee Cindy, 1980-

    2004-01-01

    Two main difficulties for amplifiers that attempt to make precision DC measurements are the inherent low-frequency noise of the amplifier and the leakage current of the amplifier input stage. This thesis presents a novel ...

  19. Precision Determination of Atmospheric Extinction at Optical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    PanSTARRS, and the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, require calibration of broadband photometry that is stable in time and uniform over the sky to precisions of a per cent or...

  20. Precision Electroweak Parameters and the Higgs Mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    William J. Marciano

    2000-03-17

    The status of various precisely measured electroweak parameters is reviewed. Natural relations among them are shown to constrain the Higgs mass, m_H, via quantum loop effects to relatively low values. A comparison with direct Higgs searches is made.

  1. Cyclotrons as Drivers for Precision Neutrino Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adelmann, A.

    As we enter the age of precision measurement in neutrino physics, improved flux sources are required. These must have a well defined flavor content with energies in ranges where backgrounds are low and cross-section ...

  2. Rubber bearings for precision positioning systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barton Martinelli, Augusto E

    2005-01-01

    In this thesis we investigate the use of thin rubber sheets or laminates of metal and rubber sheets as bearings in precision positioning systems. Such bearings have the potential to replace more conventional flexures ...

  3. Laser frequency combs for precision astrophysical spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Chih-Hao

    Searches for extrasolar planets using the periodic Doppler shift of stellar spectral lines resulting from the motion of the host star around the barycentre of an extrasolar system have recently achieved a precision of 60 ...

  4. Digital multimirror devices for precision laser micromachining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DMD LIFT results 24 PMMA donors New 3D printing technology! BiTe semiconductor film New laser 3D printing facility...An ORC breakthrough 75 µm #12;Summary · DMDs are very useful for precise ablation

  5. Lase Ultrasonic Web Stiffness tester

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tim Patterson, Ph.D., IPST at Ga Tech

    2009-01-12

    The objective is to provide a sensor that uses non-contact, laser ultrasonics to measure the stiffness of paper during the manufacturing process. This will allow the manufacturer to adjust the production process in real time, increase filler content, modify fiber refining and as result produce a quality product using less energy. The sensor operates by moving back and forth across the paper web, at pre-selected locations firing a laser at the sheet, measuring the out-of-plane velocity of the sheet then using that measurement to calculate sheet stiffness.

  6. Automated Fresnel lens tester system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phipps, G.S.

    1981-07-01

    An automated data collection system controlled by a desktop computer has been developed for testing Fresnel concentrators (lenses) intended for solar energy applications. The system maps the two-dimensional irradiance pattern (image) formed in a plane parallel to the lens, whereas the lens and detector assembly track the sun. A point detector silicon diode (0.5-mm-dia active area) measures the irradiance at each point of an operator-defined rectilinear grid of data positions. Comparison with a second detector measuring solar insolation levels results in solar concentration ratios over the image plane. Summation of image plane energies allows calculation of lens efficiencies for various solar cell sizes. Various graphical plots of concentration ratio data help to visualize energy distribution patterns.

  7. Pushing the precision limit of ground-based eclipse photometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Gillon; D. R. Anderson; B. -O. Demory; D. M. Wilson; C. Hellier; D. Queloz; C. Waelkens

    2008-06-30

    Until recently, it was considered by many that ground-based photometry could not reach the high cadence sub-mmag regime because of the presence of the atmosphere. Indeed, high frequency atmospheric noises (mainly scintillation) limit the precision that high SNR photometry can reach within small time bins. If one is ready to damage the sampling of his photometric time-series, binning the data (or using longer exposures) allows to get better errors, but the obtained precision will be finally limited by low frequency noises. To observe several times the same planetary eclipse and to fold the photometry with the orbital period is thus generally considered as the only option to get very well sampled and precise eclipse light curve from the ground. Nevertheless, we show here that reaching the sub-mmag sub-min regime for one eclipse is possible with a ground-based instrument. This has important implications for transiting planets characterization, secondary eclipses measurement and small planets detection from the ground.

  8. Precision cancer mouse models through genome editing with CRISPR-Cas9

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mou, Haiwei

    The cancer genome is highly complex, with hundreds of point mutations, translocations, and chromosome gains and losses per tumor. To understand the effects of these alterations, precise models are needed. Traditional ...

  9. Singlet-Catalyzed Electroweak Phase Transitions and Precision Higgs Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefano Profumo; Michael J. Ramsey-Musolf; Carroll L. Wainwright; Peter Winslow

    2014-09-04

    We update the phenomenology of gauge singlet extensions of the Standard Model scalar sector and their implications for the electroweak phase transition. Considering the introduction of one real scalar singlet to the scalar potential, we analyze present constraints on the potential parameters from Higgs coupling measurements at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and electroweak precision observables for the kinematic regime in which no new scalar decay modes arise. We then show how future precision measurements of Higgs boson signal strengths and Higgs self-coupling could probe the scalar potential parameter space associated with a strong first-order electroweak phase transition. We illustrate using benchmark precision for several future collider options, including the High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC), the International Linear Collider (ILC), TLEP, China Electron Positron Collider (CEPC), and a 100 TeV proton-proton collider, such as the Very High Energy LHC (VHE-LHC) or the Super proton-proton Collider (SPPC). For the regions of parameter space leading to a strong first order electroweak phase transition, we find that there exists considerable potential for observable deviations from purely Standard Model Higgs properties at these prospective future colliders.

  10. Direct visualization of atomically precise nitrogen-doped graphene nanoribbons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Yi; Zhang, Yanfang; Li, Geng; Lu, Jianchen; Du, Shixuan, E-mail: sxdu@iphy.ac.cn, E-mail: feng@mpip-mainz.mpg.de; Gao, Hong-Jun [Institute of Physics and University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Lin, Xiao [University of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Berger, Reinhard; Feng, Xinliang, E-mail: sxdu@iphy.ac.cn, E-mail: feng@mpip-mainz.mpg.de; Müllen, Klaus [Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research, Ackermannweg 10, D-55128 Mainz (Germany)

    2014-07-14

    We have fabricated atomically precise nitrogen-doped chevron-type graphene nanoribbons by using the on-surface synthesis technique combined with the nitrogen substitution of the precursors. Scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy indicate that the well-defined nanoribbons tend to align with the neighbors side-by-side with a band gap of 1.02?eV, which is in good agreement with the density functional theory calculation result. The influence of the high precursor coverage on the quality of the nanoribbons is also studied. We find that graphene nanoribbons with sufficient aspect ratios can only be fabricated at sub-monolayer precursor coverage. This work provides a way to construct atomically precise nitrogen-doped graphene nanoribbons.

  11. Precision Electroweak Measurements and Constraints on the Standard Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-11-11

    This note presents constraints on Standard Model parameters using published and preliminary precision electroweak results measured at the electron-positron colliders LEP and SLC. The results are compared with precise electroweak measurements from other experiments, notably CDF and D0 at the Tevatron. Constraints on the input parameters of the Standard Model are derived from the results obtained in high-Q{sup 2} interactions, and used to predict results in low-Q{sup 2} experiments, such as atomic parity violation, Moller scattering, and neutrino-nucleon scattering. The main changes with respect to the experimental results presented in 2007 are new combinations of results on the W-boson mass and width and the mass of the top quark.

  12. Precision Electroweak Measurements and Constraints on the Standard Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Collaboration, ALEPH; Collaboration, CDF; Collaboration, D0; Collaboration, DELPHI; Collaboration, L3; Collaboration, OPAL; Collaboration, SLD; Group, LEP Electroweak Working; Group, Tevatron Electroweak Working; groups, SLD electroweak heavy flavour

    2009-11-01

    This note presents constraints on Standard Model parameters using published and preliminary precision electroweak results measured at the electron-positron colliders LEP and SLC. The results are compared with precise electroweak measurements from other experiments, notably CDF and D0 at the Tevatron. Constraints on the input parameters of the Standard Model are derived from the combined set of results obtained in high-Q{sup 2} interactions, and used to predict results in low-Q{sup 2} experiments, such as atomic parity violation, Moeller scattering, and neutrino-nucleon scattering. The main changes with respect to the experimental results presented in 2008 are new combinations of results on the W-boson mass and the mass of the top quark.

  13. Quantifying Particle Coatings Using High-Precision Mass Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knudsen, Scott Michael

    We present a general method to quantify coatings on microparticle surfaces based on the additional mass. Particle buoyant mass is determined in a solution with a density that is nearly equivalent to that of the core particle, ...

  14. Trapped Positrons for High-Precision Magnetic Moment Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabrielse, Gerald

    Hoogerheide to The Department of Physics in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor moments, a greatly improved test of lepton CPT symmetry, and an improved de- termination of the fine

  15. Optical Deformations in Solar Glass Filters for High Precision Astrometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sigismondi, Costantino; Boscardin, Sérgio Calderari; Penna, Jucira Lousada; Reis-Neto, Eugênio

    2015-01-01

    Measuring the solar diameter at all position angles gives the complete figure of the Sun. Their asphericities have implications in classical physics and general relativity, and the behavior of the optical systems used in the direct measurements is to be known accurately. A solar filter is a plane-parallel glass with given absorption, and here we study the departures from the parallelism of the faces of a crystal slab 5 mm thick, because of static deformations. These deformations are rescaled to the filter's dimensions. Related to the Solar Disk Sextant experiment and to the Reflecting Heliometer of Rio de Janeiro a simplified model of the influences of the inclination between the external and the internal surfaces of a glass solar filter, is discussed.

  16. Low Voltage High Precision Spatial Light ModulatorsFinal Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Papavasiliou, A P

    2005-02-09

    The goal of this project was to make LLNL a leader in Spatial Light Modulators (SLMs) by developing the technology that will be needed by the next generation of SLMs. We would use new lower voltage actuators and bond those actuators directly to controlling circuitry to break the fundamental limitations that constrain current SLM technology. This three-year project was underfunded in the first year and not funded in the second year. With the funding that was available, we produced actuators and designs for the controlling circuitry that would have been integrated in the second year. Spatial light modulators (SLMs) are arrays of tiny movable mirrors that modulate the wave-fronts of light. SLMs can correct aberrations in incoming light for adaptive optics or modulate light for beam control, optical communication and particle manipulation. MicroElectroMechanical Systems (MEMS) is a technology that utilizes the microfabrication tools developed by the semiconductor industry to fabricate a wide variety of tiny machines. The first generation of MEMS SLMs have improved the functionality of SLMs while drastically reducing per pixel cost making arrays on the order of 1000 pixels readily available. These MEMS SLMs however are limited by the nature of their designs to be very difficult to scale above 1000 pixels and have very limited positioning accuracy. By co-locating the MEMS mirrors with CMOS electronics, we will increase the scalability and positioning accuracy. To do this we will have to make substantial advances in SLM actuator design, and fabrication.

  17. High Precision Geophysics & Detailed Structural Exploration & Slim Well

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy Resources Jump to:Hershey, Pennsylvania:Hidden

  18. Novel magnets and superconductors studied by high precision magnetic

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolarNewsusceptometer under pressure | The Ames Laboratory Novel magnets

  19. Nuclear Structure Revealed by High-Precision Mass Measurements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolarNewsusceptometer under pressureNavy Turns 50Security

  20. High Precision Measurement of the 19Ne Lifetime

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-DoseOptionsthroughputEnergy InnovationEnergy Storage

  1. The coyote universe extended: Precision emulation of the matter...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The coyote universe extended: Precision emulation of the matter power spectrum Citation Details In-Document Search Title: The coyote universe extended: Precision emulation of the...

  2. Precision Higgs Boson Physics and Implications for Beyond the...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Precision Higgs Boson Physics and Implications for Beyond the Standard Model Physics Theories Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Precision Higgs Boson Physics and...

  3. Precision Higgs Boson Physics and Implications for Beyond the...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Report: Precision Higgs Boson Physics and Implications for Beyond the Standard Model Physics Theories Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Precision Higgs Boson...

  4. Precision Manufacturing of Imprint Rolls for the Roller Imprinting Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vijayaraghavan, Athulan; Dornfeld, David A; Kim, Chang-Ju

    2008-01-01

    Fugl, J. ; “ ;Precision Manufacturing Methods of Inserts forD. E. ; Precision Manufacturing, 1 st Edition; Springer. [In: CIRP Annals – Manufacturing Technology; pp. 73-76. [

  5. Generating Precise Dependencies for Large Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    Generating Precise Dependencies for Large Software Pei Wang, Jinqiu Yang, Lin Tan University-term software development, especially for large software with millions of lines of code. This paper designs/C++ software projects. The tool extracts both symbol- level and module-level dependencies of a software system

  6. Precision-Timed (PRET) Stephen A. Edwards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007. (Source: Reuters) Precision-Timed (PRET) Machines ­ p. 6/1 #12;Certification in Avionics · Rather { actfreq 1 do leftJet(leftMotor); actfreq 1 do rightJet(rightMotor); exitfreq 1 do point(goPoint); exitfreq

  7. SM EFT -connect UV models to precision observables Xiaochuan Lu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murayama, Hitoshi

    observables UV models Connect Models to Measurements How do the precision measurements shed light on physics observables UV models Connect Models to Measurements How do the precision measurements shed light on physics Berkeley 14 Precision observables UV models Connect Models to Measurements How do the precision

  8. Precision electroweak studies using parity violation in electron scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paschke, Kent D,

    2013-11-01

    The nature of new neutral-current interactions can be revealed at the low-energy precision frontier, where studies of parity-violation in electron scattering will complement the energy-frontier studies at the LHC. Measurements of the parity-violating observable APV - the cross-section asymmetry in the scattering of longitudinally polarized electrons from an unpolarized target - are sensitive to possible contact interactions from new physics at multi-TeV mass scales. The 12 GeV upgrade at JLab and a new, high-intensity beam at Mainz offer opportunities for significant improvements in measurements of electron-electron and electron-quark parity-violating interactions.

  9. Nuclear Chiral EFT in the Precision Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Epelbaum, Evgeny

    2015-01-01

    Chiral effective field theory has established itself as the method of choice to study nuclear forces and low-energy nuclear dynamics. I review the status and prospects of this approach and discuss ongoing efforts to advance the precision frontier for ab initio description of few-nucleon systems. Special emphasis is put on the precise determination of the two-nucleon force at fifth order in the chiral expansion, role of the chiral symmetry, the convergence pattern of the chiral expansion and the quantification of the theoretical uncertainties. The discussed topics are essential for ongoing studies towards elucidating the structure of the three-nucleon force which will be briefly addressed as well.

  10. Precision Energy Technology | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio1975)Energy Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name: Precision

  11. Precision replenishable grinding tool and manufacturing process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Makowiecki, D.M.; Kerns, J.A.; Blaedel, K.L.; Colella, N.J.; Davis, P.J.; Juntz, R.S.

    1998-06-09

    A reusable grinding tool consisting of a replaceable single layer of abrasive particles intimately bonded to a precisely configured tool substrate, and a process for manufacturing the grinding tool are disclosed. The tool substrate may be ceramic or metal and the abrasive particles are preferably diamond, but may be cubic boron nitride. The manufacturing process involves: coating a configured tool substrate with layers of metals, such as titanium, copper and titanium, by physical vapor deposition (PVD); applying the abrasive particles to the coated surface by a slurry technique; and brazing the abrasive particles to the tool substrate by alloying the metal layers. The precision control of the composition and thickness of the metal layers enables the bonding of a single layer or several layers of micron size abrasive particles to the tool surface. By the incorporation of an easily dissolved metal layer in the composition such allows the removal and replacement of the abrasive particles, thereby providing a process for replenishing a precisely machined grinding tool with fine abrasive particles, thus greatly reducing costs as compared to replacing expensive grinding tools. 11 figs.

  12. Precision replenishable grinding tool and manufacturing process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Makowiecki, Daniel M. (Livermore, CA); Kerns, John A. (Livermore, CA); Blaedel, Kenneth L. (Livermore, CA); Colella, Nicholas J. (Livermore, CA); Davis, Pete J. (Pleasanton, CA); Juntz, Robert S. (Hayward, CA)

    1998-01-01

    A reusable grinding tool consisting of a replaceable single layer of abrasive particles intimately bonded to a precisely configured tool substrate, and a process for manufacturing the grinding tool. The tool substrate may be ceramic or metal and the abrasive particles are preferably diamond, but may be cubic boron nitride. The manufacturing process involves: coating a configured tool substrate with layers of metals, such as titanium, copper and titanium, by physical vapor deposition (PVD); applying the abrasive particles to the coated surface by a slurry technique; and brazing the abrasive particles to the tool substrate by alloying the metal layers. The precision control of the composition and thickness of the metal layers enables the bonding of a single layer or several layers of micron size abrasive particles to the tool surface. By the incorporation of an easily dissolved metal layer in the composition such allows the removal and replacement of the abrasive particles, thereby providing a process for replenishing a precisely machined grinding tool with fine abrasive particles, thus greatly reducing costs as compared to replacing expensive grinding tools.

  13. Relative cost and precision of hydroacoustic and net sampling at hydroelectric facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wells, A.W.; Matousek, J.A.; Metzger, S.G. [Lawler, Matusky & Skelly Engineers, Pearl River, NY (United States)] [and others

    1995-12-31

    Estimating the number of fish passing through a hydroelectric facility is often an important aspect of hydroelectric project relicensing. The number of fish per unit volume, and ultimately the total number of fish entrained, is usually obtained from hydroacoustic methods or tailrace nets. Data collected at several small hydroelectric projects in Michigan gave us the opportunity to compare the sampling precision of these two methods. This comparison can be useful in formulating future sampling programs as the degree of sampling precision relates directly to the sampling effort and program cost. Individual hydroacoustic samples covered small volumes of water. This resulted in a high degree of variability among samples and a less precise estimate of total entrainment for a given number of samples. In contrast, net samples filtered greater volumes of water and had lower variability among samples. To examine the trade-off between precision and program cost, we computed the 95% confidence interval for the annual estimated entrainment and cost of the associated sampling program. The results suggested that the most cost-effective sampling method depends on the desired precision of the entrainment estimate. For low precision estimates, hydroacoustic sampling was most advantageous. Net sampling would be advantageous when precise entrainment estimates are required and when species composition must be obtained.

  14. High-Throughput, High-Precision Hot Testing Tool for High-Brightness...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Diode Testing Lead Performer: KLA-Tencor Corporation - Milpitas, CA Partners: Ocean Optics - Dunedin, FL DOE Total Funding: 3,994,729 Cost Share: 4,626,422 Project Term: 815...

  15. Fluid dynamic effects on precision cleaning with supercritical fluids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phelps, M.R.; Hogan, M.O.; Silva, L.J.

    1994-06-01

    Pacific Northwest Laboratory staff have assembled a small supercritical fluids parts cleaning test stand to characterize how system dynamics affect the efficacy of precision cleaning with supercritical carbon dioxide. A soiled stainless steel coupon, loaded into a ``Berty`` autoclave, was used to investigate how changes in system turbulence and solvent temperature influenced the removal of test dopants. A pulsed laser beam through a fiber optic was used to investigate real-time contaminant removal. Test data show that cleaning efficiency is a function of system agitation, solvent density, and temperature. These data also show that high levels of cleaning efficiency can generally be achieved with high levels of system agitation at relatively low solvent densities and temperatures. Agitation levels, temperatures, and densities needed for optimal cleaning are largely contaminant dependent. Using proper system conditions, the levels of cleanliness achieved with supercritical carbon dioxide compare favorably with conventional precision cleaning methods. Additional research is currently being conducted to generalize the relationship between cleaning performance and parameters such as contaminant solubilities, mass transfer rates, and solvent agitation. These correlations can be used to optimize cleaning performance, system design, and time and energy consumption for particular parts cleaning applications.

  16. Precise neutron inelastic cross section measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Negret, Alexandru [Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Reactorului 30, 077125 Bucharest-Magurele (Romania)

    2012-11-20

    The design of a new generation of nuclear reactors requires the development of a very precise neutron cross section database. Ongoing experiments performed at dedicated facilities aim to the measurement of such cross sections with an unprecedented uncertainty of the order of 5% or even smaller. We give an overview of such a facility: the Gamma Array for Inelastic Neutron Scattering (GAINS) installed at the GELINA neutron source of IRMM, Belgium. Some of the most challenging difficulties of the experimental approach are emphasized and recent results are shown.

  17. A More Precise Higgs Boson Mass

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Quigg, Chris

    2015-05-14

    To learn what distinguishes electromagnetism from the weak interactions was an early goal of experiments at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider (LHC). A big part of the answer was given in mid-2012, when the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations at the LHC announced the discovery of the Higgs boson in the study of proton–proton collisions. Now the discovery teams have pooled their data analyses to produce a measurement of the Higgs boson mass with 0.2% precision. The new value they discovered enables physicists to make more stringent tests of the electroweak theory and of the Higgs boson’s properties.

  18. Batch fabrication of precision miniature permanent magnets

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Christenson, Todd R. (Albuquerque, NM); Garino, Terry J. (Albuquerque, NM); Venturini, Eugene L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2002-01-01

    A new class of processes for fabrication of precision miniature rare earth permanent magnets is disclosed. Such magnets typically have sizes in the range 0.1 to 10 millimeters, and dimensional tolerances as small as one micron. Very large magnetic fields can be produced by such magnets, lending to their potential application in MEMS and related electromechanical applications, and in miniature millimeter-wave vacuum tubes. This abstract contains simplifications, and is supplied only for purposes of searching, not to limit or alter the scope or meaning of any claims herein.

  19. Higgs triplets and limits from precision measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Mu-Chun; /Fermilab; Dawson, Sally; Krupovnickas, Tadas; /Brookhaven

    2006-04-01

    In this letter, they present the results on a global fit to precision electroweak data in a Higgs triplet model. In models with a triplet Higgs boson, a consistent renormalization scheme differs from that of the Standard Model and the global fit shows that a light Higgs boson with mass of 100-200 GeV is preferred. Triplet Higgs bosons arise in many extensions of the Standard Model, including the left-right model and the Little Higgs models. The result demonstrates the importance of the scalar loops when there is a large mass splitting between the heavy scalars. It also indicates the significance of the global fit.

  20. A precise determination of the faraday 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sommer, Helmut

    1950-01-01

    la Gorce in France. The precision attained in these studies was of the order of a few parts per 100,000. In 1908, the National Bureau of Standards began a study of the silver voltameter which lasted nearly ten years. A summary of this work with a... parts per million. on The effect of the trapping field has been discussed., and a correction of 20 parts per million per 0.1 volt of trapping voltage has already been applied to all values in Table III with the exception of the last six...

  1. Dell Precision Workstations Precision is the key element that separates greatness from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiebig, Peter

    intelligently provides graphics performance when you need it and can help extend battery life when you don images. Beyond-Your-Expectations Service Rest assured that your Dell Precision mobile workstation hardware, images, applications, peripherals and documents with your system as it's built to help simplify

  2. Precision diamond grinding of ceramics and glass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, S.; Paul, H.; Scattergood, R.O.

    1988-12-01

    A new research initiative will be undertaken to investigate the effect of machine parameters and material properties on precision diamond grinding of ceramics and glass. The critical grinding depth to initiate the plastic flow-to-brittle fracture regime will be directly measured using plunge-grind tests. This information will be correlated with machine parameters such as wheel bonding and diamond grain size. Multiaxis grinding tests will then be made to provide data more closely coupled with production technology. One important aspect of the material property studies involves measuring fracture toughness at the very short crack sizes commensurate with grinding damage. Short crack toughness value`s can be much less than the long-crack toughness values measured in conventional fracture tests.

  3. Acceleration of matrix element computations for precision measurements

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Brandt, O.; Gutierrez, G.; Wang, M. H.L.S.; Ye, Z.

    2015-03-01

    The matrix element technique provides a superior statistical sensitivity for precision measurements of important parameters at hadron colliders, such as the mass of the top quark or the cross section for the production of Higgs bosons. The main practical limitation of the technique is its high computational demand. Using the concrete example of the top quark mass, we present two approaches to reduce the computation time of the technique by a factor of 90. First, we utilize low-discrepancy sequences for numerical Monte Carlo integration in conjunction with a dedicated estimator of numerical uncertainty, a novelty in the context of themore »matrix element technique. Second, we utilize a new approach that factorizes the overall jet energy scale from the matrix element computation, a novelty in the context of top quark mass measurements. The utilization of low-discrepancy sequences is of particular general interest, as it is universally applicable to Monte Carlo integration, and independent of the computing environment.« less

  4. Acceleration of matrix element computations for precision measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brandt, Oleg; Gutierrez, Gaston; Wang, M. H.L.S.; Ye, Zhenyu

    2014-11-25

    The matrix element technique provides a superior statistical sensitivity for precision measurements of important parameters at hadron colliders, such as the mass of the top quark or the cross-section for the production of Higgs bosons. The main practical limitation of the technique is its high computational demand. Using the example of the top quark mass, we present two approaches to reduce the computation time of the technique by a factor of 90. First, we utilize low-discrepancy sequences for numerical Monte Carlo integration in conjunction with a dedicated estimator of numerical uncertainty, a novelty in the context of the matrix element technique. We then utilize a new approach that factorizes the overall jet energy scale from the matrix element computation, a novelty in the context of top quark mass measurements. The utilization of low-discrepancy sequences is of particular general interest, as it is universally applicable to Monte Carlo integration, and independent of the computing environment.

  5. Acceleration of matrix element computations for precision measurements

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Brandt, O. [Physikalisches Inst, Gottingen (Germany); Univ. Heidelberg, Heidelberg (Germany); Gutierrez, G. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States); Wang, M. H.L.S. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL (United States); Ye, Z. [Univ. of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)

    2015-03-01

    The matrix element technique provides a superior statistical sensitivity for precision measurements of important parameters at hadron colliders, such as the mass of the top quark or the cross section for the production of Higgs bosons. The main practical limitation of the technique is its high computational demand. Using the concrete example of the top quark mass, we present two approaches to reduce the computation time of the technique by a factor of 90. First, we utilize low-discrepancy sequences for numerical Monte Carlo integration in conjunction with a dedicated estimator of numerical uncertainty, a novelty in the context of the matrix element technique. Second, we utilize a new approach that factorizes the overall jet energy scale from the matrix element computation, a novelty in the context of top quark mass measurements. The utilization of low-discrepancy sequences is of particular general interest, as it is universally applicable to Monte Carlo integration, and independent of the computing environment.

  6. Acceleration of matrix element computations for precision measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oleg Brandt; Gaston Gutierrez; Michael H. L. S. Wang; Zhenyu Ye

    2014-11-19

    The matrix element technique provides a superior statistical sensitivity for precision measurements of important parameters at hadron colliders, such as the mass of the top quark or the cross section for the production of Higgs bosons. The main practical limitation of the technique is its high computational demand. Using the concrete example of the top quark mass, we present two approaches to reduce the computation time of the technique by a factor of 90. First, we utilize low-discrepancy sequences for numerical Monte Carlo integration in conjunction with a dedicated estimator of numerical uncertainty, a novelty in the context of the matrix element technique. Second, we utilize a new approach that factorizes the overall jet energy scale from the matrix element computation, a novelty in the context of top quark mass measurements. The utilization of low-discrepancy sequences is of particular general interest, as it is universally applicable to Monte Carlo integration, and independent of the computing environment.

  7. Acceleration of matrix element computations for precision measurements

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Brandt, Oleg; Gutierrez, Gaston; Wang, M. H.L.S.; Ye, Zhenyu

    2014-11-25

    The matrix element technique provides a superior statistical sensitivity for precision measurements of important parameters at hadron colliders, such as the mass of the top quark or the cross-section for the production of Higgs bosons. The main practical limitation of the technique is its high computational demand. Using the example of the top quark mass, we present two approaches to reduce the computation time of the technique by a factor of 90. First, we utilize low-discrepancy sequences for numerical Monte Carlo integration in conjunction with a dedicated estimator of numerical uncertainty, a novelty in the context of the matrix elementmore »technique. We then utilize a new approach that factorizes the overall jet energy scale from the matrix element computation, a novelty in the context of top quark mass measurements. The utilization of low-discrepancy sequences is of particular general interest, as it is universally applicable to Monte Carlo integration, and independent of the computing environment.« less

  8. Precision measurements in ion traps using slowly moving standing waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Walther; U. Poschinger; K. Singer; F. Schmidt-Kaler

    2011-05-09

    The present paper describes the experimental implementation of a measuring technique employing a slowly moving, near resonant, optical standing wave in the context of trapped ions. It is used to measure several figures of merit that are important for quantum computation in ion traps and which are otherwise not easily obtainable. Our technique is shown to offer high precision, and also in many cases using a much simpler setup than what is normally used. We demonstrate here measurements of i) the distance between two crystalline ions, ii) the Lamb-Dicke parameter, iii) temperature of the ion crystal, and iv) the interferometric stability of a Raman setup. The exact distance between two ions, in units of standing wave periods, is very important for motional entangling gates, and our method offers a practical way of calibrating this distance in the typical lab situation.

  9. Radio Frequency Phototube, Optical Clock and Precise Measurements in Nuclear Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amur Margaryan

    2009-10-24

    Recently a new experimental program of novel systematic studies of light hypernuclei using pionic decay was established at JLab (Study of Light Hypernuclei by Pionic Decay at JLab, JLab Experiment PR-08-012). The highlights of the proposed program include high precision measurements of binding energies of hypernuclei by using a high resolution pion spectrometer, HpiS. The average values of binding energies will be determined within an accuracy of ~10 keV or better. Therefore, the crucial point of this program is an absolute calibration of the HpiS with accuracy 10E-4 or better. The merging of continuous wave laser-based precision optical-frequency metrology with mode-locked ultrafast lasers has led to precision control of the visible frequency spectrum produced by mode-locked lasers. Such a phase-controlled mode-locked laser forms the foundation of an optical clock or femtosecond optical frequency comb (OFC) generator, with a regular comb of sharp lines with well defined frequencies. Combination of this technique with a recently developed radio frequency (RF) phototube results in a new tool for precision time measurement. We are proposing a new time-of-flight (TOF) system based on an RF phototube and OFC technique. The proposed TOF system achieves 10 fs instability level and opens new possibilities for precise measurements in nuclear physics such as an absolute calibration of magnetic spectrometers within accuracy 10E-4 - 10E-5.

  10. Title of dissertation: Precision Control of Intense Electron Beams in a Low-Energy Ring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anlage, Steven

    ABSTRACT Title of dissertation: Precision Control of Intense Electron Beams in a Low-Energy Ring ELECTRON BEAMS IN A LOW-ENERGY RING by Chao Wu Dissertation submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School of particle accelerators require beams with high intensity and low emittance in a stable fashion. An important

  11. AFTER@LHC: a precision machine to study the interface between particle and nuclear physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lansberg, J P; Brodsky, S J; Chambert, V; Didelez, J P; Genolini, B; Ferreiro, E G; Fleuret, F; Hadjidakis, C; Lorce, C; Rakotozafindrabe, A; Rosier, P; Schienbein, I; Scomparin, E; Uggerhoj, U I

    2014-01-01

    We outline the opportunities to study with high precision the interface between nuclear and particle physics, which are offered by a next generation and multi-purpose fixed-target experiment exploiting the proton and ion LHC beams extracted by a bent crystal.

  12. Design and construction of a precision tubular linear motor and controller 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Bryan Craig

    2004-09-30

    A design for a novel tubular high-precision direct-drive brushless linear motor has been developed. The novelty of the design lies in the orientation of the magnets in the mover. In conventional linear motors the magnets of the armature...

  13. AFTER@LHC: a precision machine to study the interface between particle and nuclear physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. P. Lansberg; R. Arnaldi; S. J. Brodsky; V. Chambert; J. P. Didelez; B. Genolini; E. G. Ferreiro; F. Fleuret; C. Hadjidakis; C. Lorce; A. Rakotozafindrabe; P. Rosier; I. Schienbein; E. Scomparin; U. I. Uggerhoj

    2013-09-30

    We outline the opportunities to study with high precision the interface between nuclear and particle physics, which are offered by a next generation and multi-purpose fixed-target experiment exploiting the proton and ion LHC beams extracted by a bent crystal.

  14. PPPL-3467 PPPL-3467 Precision Metrology of NSTX Surfaces Using Coherent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The home page for PPPL Reports and Publications is: http://www.pppl.gov/pub_report/ DOE and DOE Contractors) for precision metrology. The distance (range) between the 1.5 µm laser source and the target is measured of electron heating with 2 MW of High Harmonic Fast Wave RF heating (HHFW) have been obtained.[3] As expected

  15. NEW COURSE NUMBER: ENG ME 560 MN 560 Precision Machine Design and Instrumentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xi

    : Physics, Designs, and Applications; Jacob Fraden, Springer-Verlag Machinery's Handbook, Industrial PressNEW COURSE NUMBER: ENG ME 560 MN 560 Precision Machine Design and Instrumentation Fall 2006, M,W, 4:00 ­ 6:00 This inter-disciplinary course teaches the student how to design, instrument, and control high

  16. Precision envelope detector and linear rectifier circuitry

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Davis, Thomas J. (Richland, WA)

    1980-01-01

    Disclosed is a method and apparatus for the precise linear rectification and envelope detection of oscillatory signals. The signal is applied to a voltage-to-current converter which supplies current to a constant current sink. The connection between the converter and the sink is also applied through a diode and an output load resistor to a ground connection. The connection is also connected to ground through a second diode of opposite polarity from the diode in series with the load resistor. Very small amplitude voltage signals applied to the converter will cause a small change in the output current of the converter, and the difference between the output current and the constant current sink will be applied either directly to ground through the single diode, or across the output load resistor, dependent upon the polarity. Disclosed also is a full-wave rectifier utilizing constant current sinks and voltage-to-current converters. Additionally, disclosed is a combination of the voltage-to-current converters with differential integrated circuit preamplifiers to boost the initial signal amplitude, and with low pass filtering applied so as to obtain a video or signal envelope output.

  17. Precision Electroweak Measurements on the Z Resonance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schael, S; Brunelière, R; Buskulic, Damir; De Bonis, I; Décamp, D; Ghez, P; Goy, C; Jézéquel, S; Lees, J P; Lucotte, A; Martin, F; Merle, E; Minard, M N; Nief, J Y; Odier, P; Pietrzyk, B; Trocmé, B; Bravo, S; Casado, M P; Chmeissani, M; Comas, P; Crespo, J M; Fernández, E; Fernández-Bosman, M; Garrido, L; Graugès-Pous, E; Juste, A; Martínez, M; Merino, G; Miquel, R; Mir, L M; Orteu, S; Pacheco, A; Park, I C; Perlas, J; Riu, I; Ruiz, H; Sánchez, F; Colaleo, A; Creanza, D; De Filippis, N; De Palma, M; Iaselli, G; Maggi, G; Maggi, M; Nuzzo, S; Ranieri, A; Raso, G; Ruggieri, F; Selvaggi, G; Silvestris, L; Tempesta, P; Tricomi, A; Zito, G; Huang, X; Lin, J; Ouyang, Q; Wang, T; Xie, Y; Xu, R; Xue, S; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Zhao, W; Abbaneo, D; Bazarko, A; Becker, U; Boix, G; Bird, F; Blucher, E; Bonvicini, B; Bright-Thomas, P; Barklow, T; Cattaneo, M; Cerutti, F; Clerbaux, B; Drevermann, H; Forty, R W; Frank, M; Greening, T C; Hagelberg, R; Halley, A W; Gianotti, F; Girone, M; Hansen, J B; Harvey, J; Jacobsen, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Janot, P; Jost, B; Knobloch, J; Kado, M; Lehraus, Ivan; Lazeyras, Pierre; Maley, P; Mato, P; May, J; Moutoussi, A; Pepé-Altarelli, M; Ranjard, F; Rolandi, Luigi; Schlatter, W D; Schmitt, B; Schneider, O; Tejessy, W; Teubert, F; Tomalin, I R; Tournefier, E; Veenhof, R; Valassi, A; Wiedenmann, W; Wright, A E; Ajaltouni, Ziad J; Badaud, F; Chazelle, G; Deschamps, O; Dessagne, S; Falvard, A; Ferdi, C; Fayolle, D; Gay, P; Guicheney, C; Henrard, P; Jousset, J; Michel, B; Monteil, S; Montret, J C; Pallin, D; Pascolo, J M; Perret, P; Podlyski, F; Bertelsen, H; Fernley, T; Hansen, J D; Hansen, J R; Hansen, P H; Kraan, A C; Lindahl, A; Møllerud, R; Nilsson, B S; Rensch, B; Wäänänen, A; Daskalakis, G; Kyriakis, A; Markou, C; Simopoulou, E; Siotis, I; Vayaki, A; Blondel, A; Bonneaud, G; Brient, J C; Machefert, F; Rougé, A; Rumpf, M; Swynghedauw, M; Tanaka, R; Verderi, M; Videau, H L; Ciulli, V; Focardi, E; Parrini, G; Zachariadou, K; Corden, M; Georgiopoulos, C H; Antonelli, A; Antonelli, M; Bencivenni, G; Bologna, G; Bossi, F; Campana, P; Capon, G; Chiarella, V; Felici, G; Laurelli, P; Mannocchi, G; Murtas, G P; Passalacqua, L; Picchi, P; Colrain, P; ten Have, I; Hughes, I S; Kennedy, J; Knowles, I G; Lynch, J G; Morton, W T; Negus, P; O'Shea, V; Raine, C; Reeves, P; Scarr, J M; Smith, K; Thompson, A S; Turnbull, R M; Wasserbaech, S R; Buchmüller, O L; Cavanaugh, R J; Dhamotharan, S; Geweniger, C; Hanke, P; Hansper, G; Hepp, V; Kluge, E E; Putzer, A; Sommer, J; Tittel, K; Werner, W; Wunsch, M; Beuselinck, R; Binnie, D M; Cameron, W; Davies, G; Dornan, P J; Goodsir, S M; Marinelli, N; Martin, E; Nash, J; Nowell, J; Rutherford, S A; Sedgbeer, J K; Thompson, J C; White, R; Williams, M D; Ghete, V M; Girtler, P; Kneringer, E; Kuhn, D; Rudolph, G; Bouhova-Thacker, E; Bowdery, C K; Buck, P G; Clarke, D P; Ellis, G; Finch, A J; Foster, F; Hughes, G; Jones, R W L; Keemer, N R; Pearson, M R; Robertson, N A; Sloan, T; Smizanska, M; Snow, S W; Williams, M I; van der Aa, O; Delaere, C; Leibenguth, G; Lemaître, V; Bauerdick, L A T; Blumenschein, U; Van Gemmeren, P; Giehl, I; Hölldorfer, F; Jakobs, K; Kasemann, M; Kayser, F; Kleinknecht, K; Müller, A S; Quast, G; Renk, B; Rohne, E; Sander, H G; Schmeling, S; Wachsmuth, H W; Wanke, R; Zeitnitz, C; Ziegler, T; Aubert, Jean-Jacques; Benchouk, C; Bonissent, A; Carr, J; Coyle, P; Curtil, C; Ealet, A; Etienne, F; Fouchez, D; Motsch, F; Payre, P; Rousseau, D; Talby, M; Thulasidas, M; Aleppo, M; Ragusa, F; Büscher, V; David, A; Dietl, H; Ganis, G; Hüttmann, K; Lütjens, G; Mannert, C; Männer, W; Moser, H G; Settles, R; Seywerd, H; Stenzel, H; Villegas, M; Wolf, G; Boucrot, J; Callot, O; Chen, S; Cordier, A; Davier, M; Duflot, L; Grivaz, J F; Heusse, P; Jacholkowska, A; Le Diberder, F R; Lefrançois, J; Mutz, A M; Schune, M H; Serin, L; Veillet, J J; Videau, I; Zerwas, D; Azzurri, P; Bagliesi, G; Bettarini, S; Boccali, T; Bozzi, C; Calderini, G; Dell'Orso, R; Fantechi, R; Ferrante, I; Fidecaro, F; Foà, L; Giammanco, A; Giassi, A; Gregorio, A; Ligabue, F; Lusiani, A; Marrocchesi, P S; Messineo, A; Palla, F; Rizzo, G; Sanguinetti, G; Sciabà, A; Sguazzoni, G; Spagnolo, P; Steinberger, J; Tenchini, R; Vannini, C; Venturi, A; Verdini, P G; Awunor, O; Blair, G A; Cowan, G; García-Bellido, A; Green, M G; Medcalf, T; Strong, J A; Teixeira-Dias, P; Botterill, David R; Clifft, R W; Edgecock, T R; Edwards, M; Haywood, S J; Norton, P R; Ward, J J; Bloch-Devaux, B; Boumediene, D E; Colas, P; Emery, S; Fabbro, B; Kozanecki, Witold; Lançon, E; Lemaire, M C; Locci, E; Pérez, P; Rander, J; Renardy, J F; Roussarie, A; Schuller, J P; Schwindling, J; Tuchming, B; Vallage, B; Black, S N; Dann, J H; Kim, H Y; Konstantinidis, N P; Litke, A M; McNeil, M A; Taylor, G; Booth, C N; Cartwright, S; Combley, F; Hodgson, P N; Lehto, M H

    2006-01-01

    We report on the final electroweak measurements performed with data taken at the Z resonance by the experiments operating at the electron-positron colliders SLC and LEP. The data consist of 17 million Z decays accumulated by the ALEPH, DELPHI, L3 and OPAL experiments at LEP, and 600 thousand Z decays by the SLD experiment using a polarised beam at SLC. The measurements include cross-sections, forward-backward asymmetries and polarised asymmetries. The mass and width of the Z boson, $MZ$ and $GZ$, and its couplings to fermions, for example the $ ho$ parameter and the effective electroweak mixing angle for leptons, are precisely measured: egin{eqnarray*} MZ & = & 91.1875 pm 0.0021~GeV \\ GZ & = & 2.4952 pm 0.0023~GeV \\ ho_ell & = & 1.0050 pm 0.0010 \\ swsqeffl & =& 0.23153 pm 0.00016 ,. end{eqnarray*} The number of light neutrino species is determined to be $2.9840pm0.0082$, in agreement with the three observed generations of fundamental fermions. The results are compared to the pr...

  18. Precision guided parachute LDRD final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gilkey, J.C. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Aided Navigation and Remote Sensing Dept.

    1996-07-01

    This report summarizes the results of the Precision Guided Parachute LDRD, a two year program at Sandia National Laboratories which developed a Global Positioning System (GPS) guided parachute capable of autonomous flight and landings. A detailed computer model of a gliding parachute was developed for software only simulations. A hardware in-the-loop simulator was developed and used for flight package system integration and design validation. Initial parachute drop tests were conducted at Sandia`s Coyote Canyon Cable Facility, followed by a series of airdrops using Ross Aircraft`s Twin Otter at the Burris Ranch Drop Zone. Final flights demonstrated in-flight wind estimation and the capability to fly a commanded heading. In the past, the cost and logistical complexity of an initial navigation system ruled out actively guiding a parachute. The advent of the low-cost, light-weight Global Positioning System (GPS) has eliminated this barrier. By using GPS position and velocity measurements, a guided parachute can autonomously steer itself to a targeted point on the ground through the use of control drums attached to the control lanyards of the parachute. By actively correcting for drop point errors and wind drift, the guidance accuracy of this system should be on the order of GPS position errors. This would be a significant improvement over unguided airdrops which may have errors of a mile or more.

  19. Spark gap device for precise switching

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Boettcher, Gordon E. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1984-01-01

    A spark gap device for precise switching of an energy storage capacitor into an exploding bridge wire load is disclosed. Niobium electrodes having a melting point of 2,415 degrees centrigrade are spaced apart by an insulating cylinder to define a spark gap. The electrodes are supported by conductive end caps which, together with the insulating cylinder, form a hermetically sealed chamber filled with an inert, ionizable gas, such as pure xenon. A quantity of solid radioactive carbon-14 within the chamber adjacent the spark gap serves as a radiation stabilizer. The sides of the electrodes and the inner wall of the insulating cylinder are spaced apart a sufficient distance to prevent unwanted breakdown initiation. A conductive sleeve may envelop the outside of the insulating member from the midpoint of the spark gap to the cap adjacent the cathode. The outer metallic surfaces of the device may be coated with a hydrogen-impermeable coating to lengthen the shelf life and operating life of the device. The device breaks down at about 1,700 volts for input voltage rates up to 570 volts/millisecond and allows peak discharge currents of up to 3,000 amperes from a 0.3 microfarad energy storage capacitor for more than 1,000 operations.

  20. Spark gap device for precise switching

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Boettcher, G.E.

    1984-10-02

    A spark gap device for precise switching of an energy storage capacitor into an exploding bridge wire load is disclosed. Niobium electrodes having a melting point of 2,415 degrees centigrade are spaced apart by an insulating cylinder to define a spark gap. The electrodes are supported by conductive end caps which, together with the insulating cylinder, form a hermetically sealed chamber filled with an inert, ionizable gas, such as pure xenon. A quantity of solid radioactive carbon-14 within the chamber adjacent the spark gap serves as a radiation stabilizer. The sides of the electrodes and the inner wall of the insulating cylinder are spaced apart a sufficient distance to prevent unwanted breakdown initiation. A conductive sleeve may envelop the outside of the insulating member from the midpoint of the spark gap to the cap adjacent the cathode. The outer metallic surfaces of the device may be coated with a hydrogen-impermeable coating to lengthen the shelf life and operating life of the device. The device breaks down at about 1,700 volts for input voltage rates up to 570 volts/millisecond and allows peak discharge currents of up to 3,000 amperes from a 0.3 microfarad energy storage capacitor for more than 1,000 operations. 3 figs.

  1. The coyote universe III: simulation suite and precision emulator...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    suite and precision emulator for the nonlinear matter power spectrum Ongoing and future large scale structure surveys targeted at the investigation of dark energy will enter...

  2. Precision shape modification of nanodevices with a low-energy electron beam

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zettl, Alex (Kensington, CA); Yuzvinsky, Thomas David (Berkeley, CA); Fennimore, Adam (Berkeley, CA)

    2010-03-09

    Methods of shape modifying a nanodevice by contacting it with a low-energy focused electron beam are disclosed here. In one embodiment, a nanodevice may be permanently reformed to a different geometry through an application of a deforming force and a low-energy focused electron beam. With the addition of an assist gas, material may be removed from the nanodevice through application of the low-energy focused electron beam. The independent methods of shape modification and material removal may be used either individually or simultaneously. Precision cuts with accuracies as high as 10 nm may be achieved through the use of precision low-energy Scanning Electron Microscope scan beams. These methods may be used in an automated system to produce nanodevices of very precise dimensions. These methods may be used to produce nanodevices of carbon-based, silicon-based, or other compositions by varying the assist gas.

  3. Analytical Benchmarking, Precision Particle Tracking, Electric and Magnetic Storage Rings, Runge-Kutta, Predictor-Corrector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metodiev, E M; Fandaros, M; Haciomeroglu, S; Huang, D; Huang, K L; Patil, A; Prodromou, R; Semertzidis, O A; Sharma, D; Stamatakis, A N; Orlov, Y F; Semertzidis, Y K

    2015-01-01

    A set of analytical benchmarks for tracking programs are required for precision storage ring experiments. To determine the accuracy of precision tracking programs in electric and magnetic rings, a variety of analytical estimates of particle and spin dynamics in the rings are developed and compared to the numerical results of tracking simulations. Initial discrepancies in the comparisons indicated the need for improvement of several of the analytical estimates. As an example, we find that the fourth order Runge-Kutta/Predictor-Corrector method was accurate but slow, and that it passed all the benchmarks it was tested against, often to the sub-part per billion level. Thus high precision analytical estimates and tracking programs based on fourth order Runge-Kutta/Predictor-Corrector integration can be used to benchmark faster tracking programs for accuracy.

  4. Analytical Benchmarks for Precision Particle Tracking in Electric and Magnetic Rings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. M. Metodiev; I. M. D'Silva; M. Fandaros; M. Gaisser; S. Haciomeroglu; D. Huang; K. L. Huang; A. Patil; R. Prodromou; O. A. Semertzidis; D. Sharma; A. N. Stamatakis; Y. F. Orlov; Y. K. Semertzidis

    2015-05-17

    A set of analytical benchmarks for tracking programs is required for precision storage ring experiments. To determine the accuracy of precision tracking programs in electric and magnetic rings, a variety of analytical estimates of particle and spin dynamics in the rings were developed and compared to the numerical results of tracking simulations. Initial discrepancies in the comparisons indicated the need for improvement of several of the analytical estimates. As an example, we found that the fourth-order Runge-Kutta/Predictor-Corrector method was slow but accurate, and that it passed all the benchmarks it was tested against, often to the sub-part per billion level. Thus, high precision analytical estimates and tracking programs based on fourth-order Runge-Kutta/Predictor-Corrector integration can be used to benchmark faster tracking programs for accuracy.

  5. Precision Electron-Beam Polarimetry using Compton Scattering at 1 GeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narayan, A; Cornejo, J C; Dalton, M M; Deconinck, W; Dutta, D; Gaskell, D; Martin, J W; Paschke, K D; Tvaskis, V; Asaturyan, A; Benesch, J; Cates, G; Cavness, B S; Dillon-Townes, L A; Hays, G; Ihloff, E; Jones, R; Kowalski, S; Kurchaninov, L; Lee, L; McCreary, A; McDonald, M; Micherdzinska, A; Mkrtchyan, A; Mkrtchyan, H; Nelyubin, V; Page, S; Ramsay, W D; Solvignon, P; Storey, D; Tobias, A; Urban, E; Vidal, C; Wang, P; Zhamkotchyan, S

    2015-01-01

    We report on the highest precision yet achieved in the measurement of the polarization of a low energy, $\\mathcal{O}$(1 GeV), electron beam, accomplished using a new polarimeter based on electron-photon scattering, in Hall~C at Jefferson Lab. A number of technical innovations were necessary, including a novel method for precise control of the laser polarization in a cavity and a novel diamond micro-strip detector which was able to capture most of the spectrum of scattered electrons. The data analysis technique exploited track finding, the high granularity of the detector and its large acceptance. The polarization of the $180~\\mu$A, $1.16$~GeV electron beam was measured with a statistical precision of $future low-energy experiments require polarization uncertainty $<$~0.4\\%, and this result represents an important de...

  6. Precision Electroweak Measurements on the Z Presonance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aleph,Delphi,L3,Opal,SLD , Collaborations

    2005-09-08

    The authors report on the final electroweak measurements performed with data taken at the Z resonance by the experiments operating at the electron-positron colliders SLC and LEP. the data consist of 17 million Z decays accumulated by the ALEPH, DELPHI, L3 and OPAL experiments at LEP, and 600 thousand Z decays by the SLD experiment using a polarized beam at SLC. The measurements include cross-sections, forward-backward asymmetries and polarized asymmetries. The mass and width of the Z boson, m{sub Z} and {Lambda}{sub Z}, and its couplings to fermions, for example the {rho} parameter and the effective electroweak mixing angle for leptons, are precisely measured: m{sub Z} = 91.1875 {+-} 0.0021 GeV; {Lambda}{sub Z} = 2.4952 {+-} 0.0023 GeV; {rho}{sub {ell}} = 1.0050 {+-} 0.0010; sin{sup 2} {theta}{sub eff}{sup lept} = 0.23153 {+-} 0.00016. The number of light neutrino species is determined to be 2.9840 {+-} 0.0082, in agreement with the three observed generations of fundamental fermions. The results are compared to the predictions of the Standard Model. At the Z-pole, electroweak radiative corrections beyond the running of the QED and QCD coupling constants are observed with a significance of five standard deviations, and in agreement with the Standard Model. of the many Z-pole measurements, the forward-backward asymmetry in b-quark production shows the largest difference with respect to its Standard Model expectation, at the level of 2.8 standard deviations. Through radiative corrections evaluated in the framework of the Standard Model, the Z-pole data are also used to predict the mass of the top quark, m{sub t} = 173{sub -10}{sup +13} GeV, and the mass of the W boson, m{sub W} = 80.363 {+-} 0.032 GeV. These indirect constraints are compared to the direct measurements, providing a stringent test of the Standard Model. Using in addition the direct measurements of m{sub t} and m{sub W}, the mass of the as yet unobserved Standard Model Higgs boson is predicted with a relative uncertainty of about 50% and found to be less than 285 GeV at 95% confidence level.

  7. A Statistics-Guided Approach to Precise Characterization of Nanowire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xudong

    A Statistics-Guided Approach to Precise Characterization of Nanowire Morphology Fei Wang and Department of Statistics, University of WisconsinOMadison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706. § These authors statistical ideas and means to establish a statistics-guided approach to precise char- acterization

  8. 5. oktober 2009 Precision control of biogas plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5. oktober 2009 Precision control of biogas plants Final report Henrik B. Møller, Anders M. Nielsen: "Precision control of biogas plants", J. Nr. 33031-0028, funded by EUDP 2005. The final report consists. Danish summary of the results: Det har været formålet at udvikle drift og design af biogas anlæg med

  9. High Metal Removal Rate Process for Machining Difficult Materials

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    in high precision manufacturing environments: Fuel injector nozzle drilling (automotive industry) Ceramic hole drilling (electronics industry) Precious metal...

  10. Improving Pulsar Timing Precision with Single Pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerr, Matthew

    2015-01-01

    The measurement error of pulse times of arrival (TOAs) in the high S/N limit is dominated by the quasi-random variation of a pulsar's emission profile from rotation to rotation. Like measurement noise, this noise is only reduced as the square root of observing time, posing a major challenge to future pulsar timing campaigns with large aperture telescopes, e.g. the Five-hundred-metre Aperture Spherical Telescope and the Square Kilometre Array. We propose a new method of pulsar timing that attempts to approximate the pulse-to-pulse variability with a small family of 'basis' pulses. If pulsar data are integrated over many rotations, this basis can be used to measure sub-pulse structure. Or, if high-time resolution data are available, the basis can be used to 'tag' single pulses and produce an optimal timing template. With realistic simulations, we show that these applications can dramatically reduce the effect of pulse-to-pulse variability on TOAs. Using high-time resolution data taken from the bright PSR J0835-...

  11. J. metamorphic Geol., 2000, 18, 665681 High-precision geothermobarometry across the High Himalayan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandiford, Mike

    is across the Main Central Thrust (MCT), whereNepalese Himalayas, to constrain P­T field gradients kyanite-bearing kyanite-bearing rocks are overlain bybeen obscured in previous studies by large uncertainties sillimanite-bearing

  12. The DWARF project: Eclipsing binaries - precise clocks to discover exoplanets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pribulla, T; von Eiff, M Ammler -; Andreev, M; Aslantürk, A; Awadalla, N; Balu?anský, D; Bonanno, A; Boži?, H; Catanzaro, G; Çelik, L; Christopoulou, P E; Covino, E; Cusano, F; Dimitrov, D; Dubovský, P; Esmer, E M; Frasca, A; Hambálek, ?; Hanna, M; Hanslmeier, A; Kalomeni, B; Kjurkchieva, D P; Krushevska, V; Kudzej, I; Kundra, E; Kuznyetsova, Yu; Lee, J W; Leitzinger, M; Maciejewski, G; Moldovan, D; Morais, M H M; Mugrauer, M; Neuhäuser, R; Niedzielski, A; Odert, P; Ohlert, J; Özavc?, ?; Papageorgiou, A; Parimucha, Š; Poddaný, S; Pop, A; Raetz, M; Raetz, S; Romanyuk, Ya; Ruždjak, D; Schulz, J; ?enavc?, H V; Szalai, T; Székely, P; Sudar, D; Tezcan, C T; Törün, M E; Turcu, V; Vince, O; Zejda, M

    2012-01-01

    We present a new observational campaign, DWARF, aimed at detection of circumbinary extrasolar planets using the timing of the minima of low-mass eclipsing binaries. The observations will be performed within an extensive network of relatively small to medium-size telescopes with apertures of ~20-200 cm. The starting sample of the objects to be monitored contains (i) low-mass eclipsing binaries with M and K components, (ii) short-period binaries with sdB or sdO component, and (iii) post-common-envelope systems containing a WD, which enable to determine minima with high precision. Since the amplitude of the timing signal increases with the orbital period of an invisible third component, the timescale of project is long, at least 5-10 years. The paper gives simple formulas to estimate suitability of individual eclipsing binaries for the circumbinary planet detection. Intrinsic variability of the binaries (photospheric spots, flares, pulsation etc.) limiting the accuracy of the minima timing is also discussed. The...

  13. Accurate and precise characterization of linear optical interferometers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ish Dhand; Abdullah Khalid; He Lu; Barry C. Sanders

    2015-08-02

    We combine single- and two-photon interference procedures for characterizing any multi-port linear optical interferometer accurately and precisely. Accuracy is achieved by estimating and correcting systematic errors that arise due to spatiotemporal and polarization mode mismatch. Enhanced precision is attained by curve fitting to measured quantities based on a Poissonian shot noise assumption, and we employ bootstrapping statistics to quantify the resultant degree of precision. A scattershot approach is devised to effect a reduction in the experimental time required to characterize the interferometer.

  14. Light Leptonic New Physics at the Precision Frontier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthias Le Dall

    2015-09-25

    Precision probes of new physics are often interpreted through their indirect sensitivity to short-distance scales. In this proceedings contribution, we focus on the question of which precision observables, at current sensitivity levels, allow for an interpretation via either short-distance new physics or consistent models of long-distance new physics, weakly coupled to the Standard Model. The electroweak scale is chosen to set the dividing line between these scenarios. In particular, we find that inverse see-saw models of neutrino mass allow for light new physics interpretations of most precision leptonic observables, such as lepton universality, lepton flavor violation, but not for the electron EDM.

  15. Potential for Precision Measurement of Solar Neutrino Luminosity by HERON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. H. Huang; R. E. Lanou; H. J. Maris; G. M. Seidel; B. Sethumadhavan; W. Yao

    2007-11-26

    Results are presented for a simulation carried out to test the precision with which a detector design (HERON) based on a superfluid helium target material should be able to measure the solar pp and Be7 fluxes. It is found that precisions of +/- 1.68% and +/- 2.97% for pp and Be7 fluxes, respectively, should be achievable in a 5-year data sample. The physics motivation to aim for these precisions is outlined as are the detector design, the methods used in the simulation and sensitivity to solar orbit eccentricity.

  16. Precision Muon Reconstruction in Double Chooz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Double Chooz collaboration; Y. Abe; J. C. dos Anjos; J. C. Barriere; E. Baussan; I. Bekman; M. Bergevin; T. J. C. Bezerra; L. Bezrukov; E. Blucher; C. Buck; J. Busenitz; A. Cabrera; E. Caden; L. Camilleri; R. Carr; M. Cerrada; P. -J. Chang; E. Chauveau; P. Chimenti; A. P. Collin; E. Conover; J. M. Conrad; J. I. Crespo-Anadón; K. Crum; A. Cucoanes; E. Damon; J. V. Dawson; D. Dietrich; Z. Djurcic; M. Dracos; M. Elnimr; A. Etenko; M. Fallot; F. von Feilitzsch; J. Felde; S. M. Fernandes; V. Fischer; D. Franco; M. Franke; H. Furuta; I. Gil-Botella; L. Giot; M. Göger-Neff; L. F. G. Gonzalez; L. Goodenough; M. C. Goodman; C. Grant; N. Haag; T. Hara; J. Haser; M. Hofmann; G. A. Horton-Smith; A. Hourlier; M. Ishitsuka; J. Jochum; C. Jollet; F. Kaether; L. N. Kalousis; Y. Kamyshkov; D. M. Kaplan; T. Kawasaki; E. Kemp; H. de Kerret; D. Kryn; M. Kuze; T. Lachenmaier; C. E. Lane; T. Lasserre; A. Letourneau; D. Lhuillier; H. P. Lima Jr; M. Lindner; J. M. López-Casta no; J. M. LoSecco; B. Lubsandorzhiev; S. Lucht; J. Maeda; C. Mariani; J. Maricic; J. Martino; T. Matsubara; G. Mention; A. Meregaglia; T. Miletic; R. Milincic; A. Minotti; Y. Nagasaka; Y. Nikitenko; P. Novella; M. Obolensky; L. Oberauer; A. Onillon; A. Osborn; C. Palomares; I. M. Pepe; S. Perasso; P. Pfahler; A. Porta; G. Pronost; J. Reichenbacher; B. Reinhold; M. Röhling; R. Roncin; S. Roth; B. Rybolt; Y. Sakamoto; R. Santorelli; A. C. Schilithz; S. Schönert; S. Schoppmann; M. H. Shaevitz; R. Sharankova; S. Shimojima; V. Sibille; V. Sinev; M. Skorokhvatov; E. Smith; J. Spitz; A. Stahl; I. Stancu; L. F. F. Stokes; M. Strait; A. Stüken; F. Suekane; S. Sukhotin; T. Sumiyoshi; Y. Sun; R. Svoboda; K. Terao; A. Tonazzo; H. H. Trinh Thi; G. Valdiviesso; N. Vassilopoulos; C. Veyssiere; M. Vivier; S. Wagner; H. Watanabe; C. Wiebusch; L. Winslow; M. Wurm; G. Yang; F. Yermia; V. Zimmer

    2014-08-15

    We describe a muon track reconstruction algorithm for the reactor anti-neutrino experiment Double Chooz. The Double Chooz detector consists of two optically isolated volumes of liquid scintillator viewed by PMTs, and an Outer Veto above these made of crossed scintillator strips. Muons are reconstructed by their Outer Veto hit positions along with timing information from the other two detector volumes. All muons are fit under the hypothesis that they are through-going and ultrarelativistic. If the energy depositions suggest that the muon may have stopped, the reconstruction fits also for this hypothesis and chooses between the two via the relative goodness-of-fit. In the ideal case of a through-going muon intersecting the center of the detector, the resolution is ~40 mm in each transverse dimension. High quality muon reconstruction is an important tool for reducing the impact of the cosmogenic isotope background in Double Chooz.

  17. Precision Electron-Beam Polarimetry using Compton Scattering at 1 GeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Narayan; D. Jones; J. C. Cornejo; M. M. Dalton; W. Deconinck; D. Dutta; D. Gaskell; J. W. Martin; K. D. Paschke; V. Tvaskis; A. Asaturyan; J. Benesch; G. Cates; B. S. Cavness; L. A. Dillon-Townes; G. Hays; E. Ihloff; R. Jones; S. Kowalski; L. Kurchaninov; L. Lee; A. McCreary; M. McDonald; A. Micherdzinska; A. Mkrtchyan; H. Mkrtchyan; V. Nelyubin; S. Page; W. D. Ramsay; P. Solvignon; D. Storey; A. Tobias; E. Urban; C. Vidal; P. Wang; S. Zhamkotchyan

    2015-09-22

    We report on the highest precision yet achieved in the measurement of the polarization of a low energy, $\\mathcal{O}$(1 GeV), electron beam, accomplished using a new polarimeter based on electron-photon scattering, in Hall~C at Jefferson Lab. A number of technical innovations were necessary, including a novel method for precise control of the laser polarization in a cavity and a novel diamond micro-strip detector which was able to capture most of the spectrum of scattered electrons. The data analysis technique exploited track finding, the high granularity of the detector and its large acceptance. The polarization of the $180~\\mu$A, $1.16$~GeV electron beam was measured with a statistical precision of $<$~1\\% per hour and a systematic uncertainty of 0.59\\%. This exceeds the level of precision required by the \\qweak experiment, a measurement of the vector weak charge of the proton. Proposed future low-energy experiments require polarization uncertainty $<$~0.4\\%, and this result represents an important demonstration of that possibility. This measurement is also the first use of diamond detectors for particle tracking in an experiment.

  18. Correlation Between Precision Gravity and Subsidence Measurements at Cerro Prieto

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelwer, R.

    2010-01-01

    PRECISION GRAVITY AND SUBSIDENCE MEASUREMENTS AT CERROPRECISION GRAVITY AND SUBSIDENCE MEASUREMENTS AT CERROn d i c a t e s t h a t subsidence took place. Uost of t h e

  19. Precision Top-Quark Mass Measurement at CDF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo

    We present a precision measurement of the top-quark mass using the full sample of Tevatron ?s=1.96??TeV proton-antiproton collisions collected by the CDF II detector, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of ...

  20. Design of ultra precision fixtures for nano-manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mangudi Varadarajan, Kartik, 1981-

    2005-01-01

    This thesis presents the design, modeling, fabrication and experimental validation of an active precision fixturing system called the Hybrid Positioning Fixture (HPF). The HPF uses the principles of exact constraint, ...

  1. Multivariable isoperformance methodology for precision opto-mechanical systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Weck, Olivier Ladislas, 1968-

    2001-01-01

    Precision opto-mechanical systems, such as space telescopes, combine structures, optics and controls in order to meet stringent pointing and phasing requirements. In this context a novel approach to the design of complex, ...

  2. Rapid and Precise Determination of Cellular Amino Acid Flux Rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wikswo, John

    in hepa- tocyte and hepatoma cell lines where extensive gluconeogen- esis, urea production, and protein, therefore, can increase productivity compared to offline methods. Consistent automated OPARapid and Precise Determination of Cellular Amino Acid Flux Rates Using HPLC with Automated

  3. An In-situ Tensile Test Apparatus for Polymers in High Pressure Hydrogen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alvine, Kyle J.; Kafentzis, Tyler A.; Pitman, Stan G.; Johnson, Kenneth I.; Skorski, Daniel C.; Tucker, Joseph C.; Roosendaal, Timothy J.; Dahl, Michael E.

    2014-10-10

    Degradation of material properties by high-pressure hydrogen is an important factor in determining the safety and reliability of materials used in high-pressure hydrogen storage and delivery. Hydrogen damage mechanisms have a time dependence that is linked to hydrogen outgassing after exposure to the hydrogen atmosphere that makes ex-situ measurements of mechanical properties problematic. Designing in-situ measurement instruments for high-pressure hydrogen is challenging due to known hydrogen incompatibility with many metals and standard high-power motor materials like Nd. Here we detail the design and operation of a solenoid based in-situ tensile tester under high-pressure hydrogen environments up to 5,000 psi. Modulus data from high-density polyethylene (HDPE) samples tested under high-pressure hydrogen are also reported as compared to baseline measurements taken in air.

  4. An in situ tensile test apparatus for polymers in high pressure hydrogen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alvine, K. J. Kafentzis, T. A.; Pitman, S. G.; Johnson, K. I.; Skorski, D.; Tucker, J. C.; Roosendaal, T. J.; Dahl, M. E.

    2014-10-15

    Degradation of material properties by high-pressure hydrogen is an important factor in determining the safety and reliability of materials used in high-pressure hydrogen storage and delivery. Hydrogen damage mechanisms have a time dependence that is linked to hydrogen outgassing after exposure to the hydrogen atmosphere that makes ex situ measurements of mechanical properties problematic. Designing in situ measurement instruments for high-pressure hydrogen is challenging due to known hydrogen incompatibility with many metals and standard high-power motor materials such as Nd. Here we detail the design and operation of a solenoid based in situ tensile tester under high-pressure hydrogen environments up to 42 MPa (6000 psi). Modulus data from high-density polyethylene samples tested under high-pressure hydrogen at 35 MPa (5000 psi) are also reported as compared to baseline measurements taken in air.

  5. The precision of slow-roll predictions for the CMBR anisotropies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jerome Martin; Dominik Schwarz

    2000-05-25

    Inflationary predictions for the anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) are often based on the slow-roll approximation. We study the precision with which the multipole moments of the temperature two-point correlation function can be predicted by means of the slow-roll approximation. We ask whether this precision is good enough for the forthcoming high precision observations by means of the MAP and Planck satellites. The error in the multipole moments due to the slow-roll approximation is demonstrated to be bigger than the error in the power spectrum. For power-law inflation with $n_S=0.9$ the error from the leading order slow-roll approximation is $\\approx 5%$ for the amplitudes and $\\approx 20%$ for the quadrupoles. For the next-to-leading order the errors are within a few percent. The errors increase with $|n_S - 1|$. To obtain a precision of 1% it is necessary, but in general not sufficient, to use the next-to-leading order. In the case of power-law inflation this precision is obtained for the spectral indices if $|n_S - 1| < 0.02$ and for the quadrupoles if $|n_S - 1| < 0.15$ only. The errors in the higher multipoles are even larger than those for the quadrupole, e.g. $\\approx 15%$ for l=100, with $n_S = 0.9$ at the next-to-leading order. We find that the accuracy of the slow-roll approximation may be improved by shifting the pivot scale of the primordial spectrum (the scale at which the slow-roll parameters are fixed) into the regime of acoustic oscillations. Nevertheless, the slow-roll approximation cannot be improved beyond the next-to-leading order in the slow-roll parameters.

  6. Precision Measurements of $A_1^n$ in the Deep Inelastic Regime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. S. Parno; D. Flay; M. Posik; K. Allada; W. Armstrong; T. Averett; F. Benmokhtar; W. Bertozzi; A. Camsonne; M. Canan; G. D. Cates; C. Chen; J. -P. Chen; S. Choi; E. Chudakov; F. Cusanno; M. M. Dalton; W. Deconinck; C. W. de Jager; X. Deng; A. Deur; C. Dutta; L. El Fassi; G. B. Franklin; M. Friend; H. Gao; F. Garibaldi; S. Gilad; R. Gilman; O. Glamazdin; S. Golge; J. Gomez; L. Guo; O. Hansen; D. W. Higinbotham; T. Holmstrom; J. Huang; C. Hyde; H. F. Ibrahim; X. Jiang; G. Jin; J. Katich; A. Kelleher; A. Kolarkar; W. Korsch; G. Kumbartzki; J. J. LeRose; R. Lindgren; N. Liyanage; E. Long; A. Lukhanin; V. Mamyan; D. McNulty; Z. -E. Meziani; R. Michaels; M. Mihovilovi?; B. Moffit; N. Muangma; S. Nanda; A. Narayan; V. Nelyubin; B. Norum; Nuruzzaman; Y. Oh; J. C. Peng; X. Qian; Y. Qiang; A. Rakhman; S. Riordan; A. Saha; B. Sawatzky; M. H. Shabestari; A. Shahinyan; S. Širca; P. Solvignon; R. Subedi; V. Sulkosky; W. A. Tobias; W. Troth; D. Wang; Y. Wang; B. Wojtsekhowski; X. Yan; H. Yao; Y. Ye; Z. Ye; L. Yuan; X. Zhan; Y. Zhang; Y. -W. Zhang; B. Zhao; X. Zheng

    2014-12-14

    We have performed precision measurements of the double-spin virtual-photon asymmetry $A_1$ on the neutron in the deep inelastic scattering regime, using an open-geometry, large-acceptance spectrometer. Our data cover a wide kinematic range $0.277 \\leq x \\leq 0.548$ at an average $Q^2$ value of 3.078~(GeV/c)$^2$, doubling the available high-precision neutron data in this $x$ range. We have combined our results with world data on proton targets to extract the ratio of polarized-to-unpolarized parton distribution functions for up quarks and for down quarks in the same kinematic range. Our data are consistent with a previous observation of an $A_1^n$ zero crossing near $x=0.5$. We find no evidence of a transition to a positive slope in $(\\Delta d + \\Delta \\bar{d})/(d + \\bar{d})$ up to $x=0.548$.

  7. Precise adiabatic transport and geometry of quantum Hall states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klevtsov, Semyon

    2015-01-01

    We argue that in addition to the Hall conductance and the non-dissipative component of the viscous tensor there exists a third independent kinetic coefficient which is precise on the quantum Hall plateaus. We show that the new coefficient is the Chern number over moduli space of surfaces of genus two or higher and therefore is precise. As such it does not transpire on a sphere or a torus. In the linear response theory this coefficient determines intensive forces exerted on electronic fluid by adiabatic deformations of geometry and represents the effect of the gravitational anomaly. We also present the method of computing the transport coefficients for quantum Hall states.

  8. Method for making precisely configured flakes useful in optical devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Trajkovska-Petkoska, Anka (Rochester, NY); Jacobs, Stephen D. (Pittsford, NY); Kosc, Tanya Z. (Rochester, NY); Marshall, Kenneth L. (Rochester, NY)

    2007-07-03

    Precisely configured, especially of geometric shape, flakes of liquid crystal material are made using a mechanically flexible polymer mold with wells having shapes which are precisely configured by making the mold with a photolithographically manufactured or laser printed master. The polymer liquid crystal is poured into the wells in the flexible mold. When the liquid crystal material has solidified, the flexible mold is bent and the flakes are released and collected for use in making an electrooptical cell utilizing the liquid crystal flakes as the active element therein.

  9. Precise Measurement of Laser Power using an Optomechanical System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazuhiro Agatsuma; Daniel Friedrich; Stefan Ballmer; Giulia DeSalvo; Shihori Sakata; Erina Nishida; Seiji Kawamura

    2014-01-26

    This paper shows a novel method to precisely measure the laser power using an optomechanical system. By measuring a mirror displacement caused by the reflection of an amplitude modulated laser beam, the number of photons in the incident continuous-wave laser can be precisely measured. We have demonstrated this principle by means of a prototype experiment uses a suspended 25 mg mirror as an mechanical oscillator coupled with the radiation pressure and a Michelson interferometer as the displacement sensor. A measurement of the laser power with an uncertainty of less than one percent (1 sigma) is achievable.

  10. Reuse of Verification Results Conditional Model Checking, Precision Reuse,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beyer, Dirk

    further verification runs of the system; information about the level of abstraction in the abstract modelReuse of Verification Results Conditional Model Checking, Precision Reuse, and Verification checker which parts of the system should be verified; thus, later verification runs can use the output

  11. EXTRUSION SIMULATION AND EXPERIMENTAL VALIDATION TO OPTIMIZE PRECISION DIE DESIGN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    and precision of final extrudate profiles for plastic scintillators. Plastic Scintillator Properties of extruded plastic scintillators for large-scale accelerator detectors. For example, MINOS (Main Injector tons of finished plastic scintillators [1]. At about $40 per kilogram cost of cast plastic scintillator

  12. Specific grinding energy causing thermal damage in precision gear steels 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatathodi, Srinivas

    2002-01-01

    This project is aimed at developing a better understanding of thermal damage caused by grinding of precision gear materials and also a model to predict the onset of burn in AISI 9310 gear steel. This study is concerned with the thermal aspects...

  13. Powered by Translate Engineering and technical ceramics by Precision Ceramics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa, Horacio D.

    Back One Powered by Translate Engineering and technical ceramics by Precision Ceramics Carbon,Bonding Service Evaporation Materials,Request Quote www.plasmaterials.com However, manufacturing challenges, these devices have a tendency to stick shut, burn or fracture after only a few cycles," said Horacio Espinosa

  14. JAVA GIS, Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis and Precision Farming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Di

    JAVA GIS, Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis and Precision Farming Nicholas Lewin Dept of Statistics XGobi to JAVA, as a new implementation JGobi, as a companion to this package we would like to develop our own map applica­ tion, also in JAVA that would over come platform dependencies, as well

  15. Scalable and Precise Taint Analysis for Android Google, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milanova, Ana

    Scalable and Precise Taint Analysis for Android Wei Huang Google, USA huangwe@google.com Yao Dong@us.ibm.com ABSTRACT We propose a type-based taint analysis for Android. Con- cretely, we present DFlow, a context privacy leaks in Android apps. We present novel techniques for error reporting based on CFL

  16. Preciseness of Subtyping on Intersection and Union Types

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torino, Università di

    as well as in programming languages. The soundness and the complete- ness, together referred then prove sound- ness and completeness getting that the subtyping relation of this calculus enjoys both, for some , C and M. Semantic subtyping of Frisch et al. [12,13] supports both notions of precise- ness

  17. Towards Predictable Precision Manipulation of Unknown Objects with Underactuated Fingers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haller, Gary L.

    , precision manipulation, kinematic analysis 1 Introduction The ability to use the fingers to manipulate- vated by a study of parallel mechanisms. Inspired by the end-effector motion and system reconfiguration the manipulation planning problem. Although mechanical design of robotic hands has largely focused

  18. Engineering analyses of large precision cathode strip chambers for GEM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horvath, J.A.; Belser, F.C.; Pratuch, S.M.; Wuest, C.R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Mitselmakher, G. [Superconducting Super Collider Lab., Dallas, TX (United States)] [Superconducting Super Collider Lab., Dallas, TX (United States); Gordeev, A. [Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation)] [Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Johnson, C.V. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); [Superconducting Super Collider Lab., Dallas, TX (United States); Polychronakos, V.A. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)] [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Golutvin, I.A. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation)] [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation)

    1993-10-21

    Structural analyses of large precision cathode strip chambers performed up to the date of this publication are documented. Mechanical property data for typical chamber materials are included. This information, originally intended to be an appendix to the {open_quotes}CSC Structural Design Bible,{close_quotes} is presented as a guide for future designers of large chambers.

  19. IMPLEMENTATION OF PRECISE INTERRUPTS IN PIPELINED PROCESSORS James E. Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Zhongfei "Mark"

    is precise if the saved process state corresponds with the sequential model of program execution where one. When an interrupt occurs, the state of an interrupted process is typically saved by the hardware, registers, and memory. If the saved process state is consistent with the sequential architectural model

  20. Resolving charm and bottom quark masses in precision Higgs boson analyses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petrov, Alexey A; Wells, James D; Zhang, Zhengkang

    2015-01-01

    Masses of the charm and bottom quarks are important inputs to precision calculations of Higgs boson observables, such as its partial widths and branching fractions. They constitute a major source of theory uncertainties that needs to be better understood and reduced in light of future high-precision measurements. Conventionally, Higgs boson observables are calculated in terms of $m_c$ and $m_b$, whose values are obtained by averaging over many extractions from low-energy data. This approach may ultimately be unsatisfactory, since $m_c$ and $m_b$ as single numbers hide various sources of uncertainties involved in their extractions some of which call for more careful estimations, and also hide correlations with additional inputs such as $\\alpha_s$. Aiming at a more detailed understanding of the uncertainties from $m_c$ and $m_b$ in precision Higgs boson analyses, we present a calculation of Higgs boson observables in terms of low-energy observables, which reveals concrete sources of uncertainties that challenge...

  1. FAST, ACCURATE STATIC ANALYSIS FOR FIXED-POINT FINITE-PRECISION EFFECTS IN DSP DESIGNS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    and flexibility. But they are always re- implemented in some hardware-efficientfinite-precision for- mat

  2. Precision study of critical slowing down in lattice simulations of the CP^{N-1} model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonathan Flynn; Andreas Juttner; Andrew Lawson; Francesco Sanfilippo

    2015-04-23

    With the aim of studying the relevance and properties of critical slowing down in Monte Carlo simulations of lattice quantum field theories we carried out a high precision numerical study of the discretised two-dimensional CP^{N-1} model at N=10 using an over-heat bath algorithm. We identify critical slowing down in terms of slowly-evolving topological modes and present evidence that other observables couple to these slow modes. This coupling is found to reduce however as we increase the physical volume in which we simulate.

  3. Real-world Quantum Sensors: Evaluating Resources for Precision Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholas Thomas-Peter; Brian J Smith; Animesh Datta; Lijian Zhang; Uwe Dorner; Ian A Walmsley

    2011-05-19

    Quantum physics holds the promise of enabling certain tasks with better performance than possible when only classical resources are employed. The quantum phenomena present in many experiments signify nonclassical behavior, but do not always imply superior performance. Quantifying the enhancement achieved from quantum behavior requires careful analysis of the resources involved. We analyze the specific case of parameter estimation using an optical interferometer, where increased precision can be achieved using quantum probe states. Common performance measures are examined and it is shown that some overestimate the improvement. For the simplest experimental case we compare the different measures and show this overestimate explicitly. We give the preferred analysis of real-world experiments and calculate benchmark values for experimental parameters necessary to realize a precision enhancement.

  4. Navy precision optical interferometer measurements of 10 stellar oscillators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baines, Ellyn K.; Armstrong, J. Thomas; Schmitt, Henrique R. [Remote Sensing Division, Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Benson, James A.; Zavala, R. T. [U.S. Naval Observatory, Flagstaff Station, AZ 86001 (United States); Van Belle, Gerard T., E-mail: ellyn.baines@nrl.navy.mil [Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ 86001 (United States)

    2014-02-01

    Using the Navy Precision Optical Interferometer, we measured the angular diameters of 10 stars that have previously measured solar-like oscillations. Our sample covered a range of evolutionary stages but focused on evolved subgiant and giant stars. We combined our angular diameters with Hipparcos parallaxes to determine the stars' physical radii, and used photometry from the literature to calculate their bolometric fluxes, luminosities, and effective temperatures. We then used our results to test the scaling relations used by asteroseismology groups to calculate radii and found good agreement between the radii measured here and the radii predicted by stellar oscillation studies. The precision of the relations is not as well constrained for giant stars as it is for less evolved stars.

  5. Improved InGaN epitaxy yield by precise temperature measurement :yearly report 1.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koleske, Daniel David; Creighton, James Randall; Russell, Michael J.; Fischer, Arthur Joseph

    2006-08-01

    This Report summarizes the first year progress (October 1, 2004 to September 30, 2005) made under a NETL funded project entitled ''Improved InGaN Epitaxy Yield by Precise Temperature Measurement''. This Project addresses the production of efficient green LEDs, which are currently the least efficient of the primary colors. The Project Goals are to advance IR and UV-violet pyrometry to include real time corrections for surface emissivity on multiwafer MOCVD reactors. Increasing wafer yield would dramatically reduce high brightness LED costs and accelerate the commercial manufacture of inexpensive white light LEDs with very high color quality. This work draws upon and extends our previous research (funded by DOE) that developed emissivity correcting pyrometers (ECP) based on the high-temperature GaN opacity near 400 nm (the ultraviolet-violet range, or UVV), and the sapphire opacity in the mid-IR (MIR) near 7.5 microns.

  6. Future precision neutrino experiments and their theoretical implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter Winter

    2007-09-19

    Future neutrino oscillation measurement focus, at first priority, on the discovery of sin^2(2 theta_13) describing the coupling between solar and atmospheric oscillations. In this talk, we briefly discuss the prospects to measure sin^2(2 theta_13) by future reactor and beam experiments, and we illustrate the usefulness of these measurements (and their precision) from the theoretical point of view with an example.

  7. Precision measurements of the Planck and Avogadro constants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bettin, Horst; Man, John; Mana, Giovanni; Massa, Enrico; Picard, Alain

    2013-01-01

    Precision measurements of the fundamental constants are tour de force of basic metrology, where the useful information is usually beyond the last digit of the measured value. They challenge theoretical models and measurement technologies and set a network of measurement equations on which a universal system of units can be built, which stems from the most basic concepts of physics. Because of their connection with the mass unit, the Avogadro and Planck constants are on the spotlight.

  8. System for Dispensing a Precise Amount of Fluid

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Benett, William J. (Livermore, CA); Krulevitch, Peter A. (Pleasanton, CA); Visuri, Steven R. (Livermore, CA); Dzenitis, John M. (Danville, CA); Ness, Kevin D. (Mountain View, CA)

    2008-08-12

    A dispensing system delivers a precise amount of fluid for biological or chemical processing and/or analysis. Dispensing means moves the fluid. The dispensing means is operated by a pneumatic force. Connection means delivers the fluid to the desired location. An actuator means provides the pneumatic force to the dispensing means. Valving means transmits the pneumatic force from the actuator means to the dispensing means.

  9. Neutrinoless double beta decay and future neutrino oscillation precision experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choubey, Sandhya [Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, 1 Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3NP (United Kingdom); Rodejohann, Werner [Physik-Department, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, James-Franck-Strasse, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

    2005-08-01

    We discuss to what extent future precision measurements of neutrino mixing observables will influence the information we can draw from a measurement of (or an improved limit on) neutrinoless double beta decay. Whereas the {delta}m{sup 2} corresponding to solar and atmospheric neutrino oscillations are expected to be known with good precision, the parameter {theta}{sub 12} will govern a large part of the uncertainty. We focus, in particular, on the possibility of distinguishing the neutrino mass hierarchies and on setting a limit on the neutrino mass. We give the largest allowed values of the neutrino masses which allow to distinguish the normal from the inverted hierarchy. All aspects are discussed as a function of the uncertainty stemming from the involved nuclear matrix elements. The implications of a vanishing, or extremely small, effective mass are also investigated. By giving a large list of possible neutrino mass matrices and their predictions for the observables, we finally explore how a measurement of (or an improved limit on) neutrinoless double beta decay can help to identify the neutrino mass matrix if more precise values of the relevant parameters are known.

  10. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Future Neutrino Oscillation Precision Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Choubey; W. Rodejohann

    2005-07-25

    We discuss to what extent future precision measurements of neutrino mixing observables will influence the information we can draw from a measurement of (or an improved limit on) neutrinoless double beta decay. Whereas the Delta m^2 corresponding to solar and atmospheric neutrino oscillations are expected to be known with good precision, the parameter theta_{12} will govern large part of the uncertainty. We focus in particular on the possibility of distinguishing the neutrino mass hierarchies and on setting a limit on the neutrino mass. We give the largest allowed values of the neutrino masses which allow to distinguish the normal from the inverted hierarchy. All aspects are discussed as a function of the uncertainty stemming from the involved nuclear matrix elements. The implications of a vanishing, or extremely small, effective mass are also investigated. By giving a large list of possible neutrino mass matrices and their predictions for the observables, we finally explore how a measurement of (or an improved limit on) neutrinoless double beta decay can help to identify the neutrino mass matrix if more precise values of the relevant parameters are known.

  11. Precision tip-tilt-piston actuator that provides exact constraint

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hale, Layton C. (Livermore, CA)

    1999-01-01

    A precision device which can precisely actuate three degrees of freedom of an optic mount, commonly referred to as tip, tilt, and piston. The device consists of three identical flexure mechanisms, an optic mount to be supported and positioned, a structure that supports the flexure mechanisms, and three commercially available linear actuators. The advantages of the precision device is in the arrangement of the constraints offered by the flexure mechanism and not in the particular design of the flexure mechanisms, as other types of mechanisms could be substituted. Each flexure mechanism constrains two degrees of freedom in the plane of the mechanisms and one direction is actuated. All other degrees of freedom are free to move within the range of flexure mechanisms. Typically, three flexure mechanisms are equally spaced in angle about to optic mount and arranged so that each actuated degree of freedom is perpendicular to the plane formed by the optic mount. This arrangement exactly constrains the optic mount and allows arbitrary actuated movement of the plane within the range of the flexure mechanisms. Each flexure mechanism provides a mechanical advantage, typically on the order of 5:1, between the commercially available actuator and the functional point on the optic mount. This improves resolution by the same ratio and stiffness by the square of the ratio.

  12. The Coyote Universe II: Cosmological Models and Precision Emulation of the Nonlinear Matter Power Spectrum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heitmann, Katrin; Habib, Salman; Higdon, David; Williams, Brian J; White, Martin; Wagner, Christian

    2008-01-01

    The power spectrum of density fluctuations is a foundational source of cosmological information. Precision cosmological probes targeted primarily at investigations of dark energy require accurate theoretical determinations of the power spectrum in the nonlinear regime. To exploit the observational power of future cosmological surveys, accuracy demands on the theory are at the one percent level or better. Numerical simulations are currently the only way to produce sufficiently error-controlled predictions for the power spectrum. The very high computational cost of (precision) N-body simulations is a major obstacle to obtaining predictions in the nonlinear regime, while scanning over cosmological parameters. Near-future observations, however, are likely to provide a meaningful constraint only on constant dark energy equation of state 'wCDM' cosmologies. In this paper we demonstrate that a limited set of only 37 cosmological models -- the 'Coyote Universe' suite -- can be used to predict the nonlinear matter power spectrum at the required accuracy over a prior parameter range set by cosmic microwave background observations. This paper is the second in a series of three, with the final aim to provide a high-accuracy prediction scheme for the nonlinear matter power spectrum for wCDM cosmologies.

  13. Method for forming precision clockplate with pivot pins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wild, Ronald L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2010-06-01

    Methods are disclosed for producing a precision clockplate with rotational bearing surfaces (e.g. pivot pins). The methods comprise providing an electrically conductive blank, conventionally machining oversize features comprising bearing surfaces into the blank, optionally machining of a relief on non-bearing surfaces, providing wire accesses adjacent to bearing surfaces, threading the wire of an electrical discharge machine through the accesses and finishing the bearing surfaces by wire electrical discharge machining. The methods have been shown to produce bearing surfaces of comparable dimension and tolerances as those produced by micro-machining methods such as LIGA, at reduced cost and complexity.

  14. Precision Cosmology and the Density of Baryons in the Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Kaplinghat; M. S. Turner

    2000-11-14

    Big-bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) and Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) anisotropy measurements give independent, accurate measurements of the baryon density and can test the framework of the standard cosmology. Early CMB data are consistent with the longstanding conclusion from BBN that baryons constitute a small fraction of matter in the Universe, but may indicate a slightly higher value for the baryon density. We clarify precisely what the two methods determine, and point out that differing values for the baryon density can indicate either an inconsistency or physics beyond the standard models of cosmology and particle physics. We discuss other signatures of the new physics in CMB anisotropy.

  15. Fabrication of precision optics using an imbedded reference surface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Folta, James A.; Spiller, Eberhard

    2005-02-01

    The figure of a substrate is very precisely measured and a figured-correcting layer is provided on the substrate. The thickness of the figure-correcting layer is locally measured and compared to the first measurement. The local measurement of the figure-correcting layer is accomplished through a variety of methods, including interferometry and fluorescence or ultrasound measurements. Adjustments in the thickness of the figure-correcting layer are made until the top of the figure-correcting layer matches a desired figure specification.

  16. Precise Formulation of Neutrino Oscillation in the Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei Liao

    2008-02-17

    We give a perturbation theory of neutrino oscillation in the Earth. The perturbation theory is valid for neutrinos with energy $E \\gsim 0.5$ GeV. It is formulated using trajectory dependent average potential. Non-adiabatic contributions are included as the first order effects in the perturbation theory. We analyze neutrino oscillation with standard matter effect and with non-standard matter effect. In a three flavor analysis we show that the perturbation theory gives a precise description of neutrino conversion in the Earth. Effect of the Earth matter is substantially simplified in this formulation.

  17. Precision Measurements of Long-Baseline Neutrino Oscillation at LBNF

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Worcester, Elizabeth

    2015-08-06

    In a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment, the primary physics objectives are to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy, to determine the octant of the neutrino mixing angle ?23, to search for CP violation in neutrino oscillation, and to precisely measure the size of any CP-violating effect that is discovered. This presentation provides a brief introduction to these measurements and reports on efforts to optimize the design of a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment, the status of LBNE, and the transition to an international collaboration at LBNF.

  18. ARM - Field Campaign - Precision Gas Sampling (PGS) Validation Field

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better Anode Design togovCampaignsMASRAD: Pt.Campaign govCampaignsPrecision Gas Sampling (PGS)

  19. ARM - Field Campaign - Precision Gas Sampling (PGS) Validation Field

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better Anode Design togovCampaignsMASRAD: Pt.Campaign govCampaignsPrecision Gas Sampling

  20. ARM - Field Campaign - Precision Gas Sampling (PGS) Validation Field

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better Anode Design togovCampaignsMASRAD: Pt.Campaign govCampaignsPrecision Gas

  1. ARM - Field Campaign - Precision Gas Sampling (PGS) Validation Field

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better Anode Design togovCampaignsMASRAD: Pt.Campaign govCampaignsPrecision GasCampaign

  2. ARM - Field Campaign - Precision Gas Sampling (PGS) Validation Field

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better Anode Design togovCampaignsMASRAD: Pt.Campaign govCampaignsPrecision

  3. ARM - Field Campaign - Precision Gas Sampling (PGS) Validation Field

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better Anode Design togovCampaignsMASRAD: Pt.Campaign govCampaignsPrecisionCampaign

  4. Precision On-Line Decay Facility - Facilities - Cyclotron Institute

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesseworkSURVEYI/OPerformancePi Day PiSafetyContactAbout UsPrecision On-Line

  5. Precision ephemerides for gravitational-wave searches. I. Sco X-1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Galloway, Duncan K.; Premachandra, Sammanani [Monash Centre for Astrophysics, Monash University, VIC 3800 (Australia); Steeghs, Danny; Marsh, Tom [Department of Physics, Astronomy and Astrophysics Group, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Casares, Jorge; Cornelisse, Rémon, E-mail: Duncan.Galloway@monash.edu [Instituto de Astrofísica, E-38205, La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)

    2014-01-20

    Rapidly rotating neutron stars are the only candidates for persistent high-frequency gravitational wave emission, for which a targeted search can be performed based on the spin period measured from electromagnetic (e.g., radio and X-ray) observations. The principal factor determining the sensitivity of such searches is the measurement precision of the physical parameters of the system. Neutron stars in X-ray binaries present additional computational demands for searches due to the uncertainty in the binary parameters. We present the results of a pilot study with the goal of improving the measurement precision of binary orbital parameters for candidate gravitational wave sources. We observed the optical counterpart of Sco X-1 in 2011 June with the William Herschel Telescope and also made use of Very Large Telescope observations in 2011 to provide an additional epoch of radial-velocity measurements to earlier measurements in 1999. From a circular orbit fit to the combined data set, we obtained an improvement of a factor of 2 in the orbital period precision and a factor of 2.5 in the epoch of inferior conjunction T {sub 0}. While the new orbital period is consistent with the previous value of Gottlieb et al., the new T {sub 0} (and the amplitude of variation of the Bowen line velocities) exhibited a significant shift, which we attribute to variations in the emission geometry with epoch. We propagate the uncertainties on these parameters through to the expected Advanced LIGO-Virgo detector network observation epochs and quantify the improvement obtained with additional optical observations.

  6. Precision Top-Quark Mass Measurements at CDF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aaltonen, T.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Apollinari, G.; Appel, J.A.; Arisawa, T.; Artikov, A.; /Dubna, JINR /Texas A-M

    2012-07-01

    We present a precision measurement of the top-quark mass using the full sample of Tevatron {radical}s = 1.96 TeV proton-antiproton collisions collected by the CDF II detector, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 8.7 fb{sup -1}. Using a sample of t{bar t} candidate events decaying into the lepton+jets channel, we obtain distributions of the top-quark masses and the invariant mass of two jets from the W boson decays from data. We then compare these distributions to templates derived from signal and background samples to extract the top-quark mass and the energy scale of the calorimeter jets with in situ calibration. The likelihood fit of the templates from signal and background events to the data yields the single most-precise measurement of the top-quark mass, mtop = 172.85 {+-} 0.71 (stat) {+-} 0.85 (syst) GeV/c{sup 2}.

  7. Precision monitoring of relative beam intensity for Mu2e

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, N.J.; Kopp, S.E.; /Texas U.; Prebys, E.; /Fermilab

    2011-04-01

    For future experiments at the intensity frontier, precise and accurate knowledge of beam time structure will be critical to understanding backgrounds. The proposed Mu2e experiment will utilize {approx}200 ns (FW) bunches of 3 x 10{sup 7} protons at 8 GeV with a bunch-to-bunch period of 1695 ns. The out-of-bunch beam must be suppressed by a factor of 10{sup -10} relative to in-bunch beam and continuously monitored. I propose a Cerenkov-based particle telescope to measure secondary production from beam interactions in a several tens of microns thick foil. Correlating timing information with beam passage will allow the determination of relative beam intensity to arbitrary precision given a sufficiently long integration time. The goal is to verify out-of-bunch extinction to the level 10{sup -6} in the span of several seconds. This will allow near real-time monitoring of the initial extinction of the beam resonantly extracted from Fermilabs Debuncher before a system of AC dipoles and collimators, which will provide the final extinction. The effect on beam emittance is minimal, allowing the necessary continuous measurement. I will present the detector design and some concerns about bunch growth during the resonant extraction.

  8. Precision engineering center. 1988 Annual report, Volume VI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dow, T.; Fornaro, R.; Keltie, R.; Paesler, M.

    1988-12-01

    To reverse the downward trend in the balance of trade, American companies must concentrate on increasing research into new products, boosting productivity, and improving manufacturing processes. The Precision Engineering Center at North Carolina State University is a multidisciplinary research and graduate education program dedicated to providing the new technology necessary to respond to this challenge. One extremely demanding manufacturing area is the fabrication and assembly of optical systems. These systems are at the heart of such consumer products as cameras, lenses, copy machines, laser bar-code scanners, VCRs, and compact audio discs - products that the Japanese and other East Asian countries are building dominance. A second critical area is the fabrication of VLSI and ULSI circuits. The tolerances required to produce the next generation of components for such systems have created the need for new approaches - approaches that could either make or break America`s competitive position. This report contains individual reports on research projects grouped into three broad areas: measurement and actuation; real-time control; precision fabrication. Separate abstracts for these articles have been indexed into the energy database.

  9. Prospects for Precision Higgs Physics at Linear Colliders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank Simon

    2012-11-30

    A linear e+e- collider provides excellent possibilities for precision measurements of the properties of the Higgs boson. At energies close to the Z-Higgs threshold, the Higgs boson can be studied in recoil against a Z boson, to obtain not only a precision mass measurement but also direct measurements of the branching ratios for most decay modes, including possible decay to invisible species. At higher energies, the Higgs boson coupling to top quarks and the Higgs boson self-coupling can also be measured. At energies approaching 1 TeV and above, the rising cross section for Higgs production in WW fusion allows the measurement of very small branching ratios, including the branching ratio to muon pairs. These experiments make it possible to determine the complete profile of the Higgs boson in a model-independent way. The prospects for these measurements are summarized, based on the results of detailed simulation studies performed within the frameworks of the CLIC conceptual design report and the ILC technical design report.

  10. Delineation of management units and integration of crop simulation into a precision farming GIS environment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jessip, Jennifer Louise

    1999-01-01

    Precision farming is a method used to track field variability in order to optimize site specific treatments. There are many tools used by precision farmers to help them identify the variability and where it exists. In most ...

  11. High Power Cryogenic Targets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gregory Smith

    2011-08-01

    The development of high power cryogenic targets for use in parity violating electron scattering has been a crucial ingredient in the success of those experiments. As we chase the precision frontier, the demands and requirements for these targets have grown accordingly. We discuss the state of the art, and describe recent developments and strategies in the design of the next generation of these targets.

  12. Precision Measurements of $A_1^n$ in the Deep Inelastic Regime

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Parno, Diana; Flay, David; Posik, Matthew; Allada, Kalyan; Armstrong, Whitney; Averett, Todd; Benmokhtar, Fatiha; Bertozzi, William; Camsonne, Alexandre; Canan, Mustafa; et al

    2015-05-01

    We have performed precision measurements of the double-spin virtual photon-neutron asymmetry An1 in the deep inelastic scattering regime, using an open-geometry, large-acceptance spectrometer. Our data cover a wide kinematic range 0.277?x?0.548 at an average Q2 value of 3.078~(GeV/c)2, doubling the available high-precision neutron data in this x range. We have combined our results with world data on proton targets to extract the ratio of polarized-to-unpolarized parton distribution functions for up quarks and for down quarks in the same kinematic range. Our data corroborate a previous observation of an An1 zero crossing near x=0.5. We find no evidence of a transitionmore »to a positive slope in (?d+?d¯)/(d+d¯) up to x=0.548; our extraction of (?d+?d¯)/(d+d¯) disfavors leading-order perturbative quantum chromodynamics without orbital angular momentum.« less

  13. Precision measurement of the mass difference between light nuclei and anti-nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ALICE collaboration

    2015-08-17

    The measurement of the mass differences for systems bound by the strong force has reached a very high precision with protons and anti-protons. The extension of such measurement from (anti-)baryons to (anti-)nuclei allows one to probe any difference in the interactions between nucleons and anti-nucleons encoded in the (anti-)nuclei masses. This force is a remnant of the underlying strong interaction among quarks and gluons and can be described by effective theories, but cannot yet be directly derived from quantum chromodynamics. Here we report a measurement of the difference between the ratios of the mass and charge of deuterons and anti-deuterons, and $^{3}{\\rm He}$ and $^3\\overline{\\rm He}$ nuclei carried out with the ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) detector in Pb-Pb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 2.76 TeV. Our direct measurement of the mass-over-charge differences confirm CPT invariance to an unprecedented precision in the sector of light nuclei. This fundamental symmetry of nature, which exchanges particles with anti-particles, implies that all physics laws are the same under the simultaneous reversal of charge(s) (charge conjugation C), reflection of spatial coordinates (parity transformation P) and time inversion (T).

  14. Efficient Double-Precision Cosine Generation Derek Nowrouzezahrai Brian Decker William Bishop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    Efficient Double-Precision Cosine Generation Derek Nowrouzezahrai Brian Decker William Bishop the CORDIC algorithm and its many variants for double-precision floating point cal- culations. A hardware on the CORDIC algorithm offer single-precision results. This paper proposes an imple- mentation of a double

  15. Control Methodologies for Precision Positioning Systems Xu Chen and Masayoshi Tomizuka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Control Methodologies for Precision Positioning Systems Xu Chen and Masayoshi Tomizuka Abstract. This paper considers the control aspect for precision positioning. In motion control systems at nano control I. Introduction A precision servo system aims at accurately posi- tioning the controlled object

  16. A gas chromatography/combustion/isotope ratio mass spectrometry system for high-precision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Hubertus

    atmospheric composition can be reconstructed by the analysis of air enclosures in polar ice cores which

  17. High-Precision Measurements of the Superallowed Beta+ Decays of 38Ca and 46V 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Hyo-In

    2012-10-19

    half-life measurement due to discriminator threshold or detector voltage. Black/open/grey symbols represent the three discriminator settings, 150 mV/200 mV/250 mV; the three detector biases, 2600V, 2700V and 2800V, are represented by the symbol.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 13 Measured time-decay spectrum for the total of all data obtained from the ?+ decay of 46V. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 14 The implantation profiles of 46V (solid line) and 42Sc (dashed line) in and beyond the Mylar tape...

  18. Changing Phases of Alien Worlds: Probing Atmospheres of Kepler Planets with High-Precision Photometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esteves, Lisa J; Jayawardhana, Ray

    2014-01-01

    We present a comprehensive analysis of planetary phase variations, including possible planetary light offsets, using eighteen quarters of data from the Kepler space telescope. After correcting for systematics, we found fourteen systems with significant detections in each of the phase curve components: planet's phase function, secondary eclipse, Doppler boosting and ellipsoidal variations. We model the full phase curve simultaneously, including primary and secondary transits, and derive albedos, day- and night-side temperatures and planet masses. We find that KOI-13b, with a small eccentricity, is the only planet for which an eccentric orbit is favored. We detect a third harmonic with an amplitude of 1.9 ppm for HAT-P-7b for the first time, and confirm the third harmonic for KOI-13b reported in Esteves et al. (2013): both could be due to their spin-orbit misalignments. We also performed a bootstrap analysis of each of our targets, and conclude that the photometric variations of Kepler-43b are not of planetary ...

  19. The Nearby Supernova Factory: Toward A High-Precision Spectro-Photometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copin, Y.

    2011-01-01

    percent-level" spectro-photometry of SNe over a decent partsmall size of spectro-photometry. 4.2 Non-photometric case

  20. High-Precision Ad-Hoc Indoor Positioning in Challenging Industrial Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sreenan, Cormac J.

    infrastructure. Several technologies are assessed with regard to these challenges and their shortcomings relatively quickly and easily. Sample environments include chemical plants and oil or gas rigs. These surveys will cause problems for positioning technologies that use radio propagation methods, line-of-sight methods

  1. Globular Cluster Streams as Galactic High-Precision Scales - The Poster Child Palomar 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Küpper, Andreas H W; Bonaca, Ana; Johnston, Kathryn V; Hogg, David W; Kroupa, Pavel; Santiago, Basilio X

    2015-01-01

    Using the example of the tidal stream of the Milky Way globular cluster Palomar 5 (Pal 5), we demonstrate how observational data on streams can be efficiently reduced in dimensionality and modeled in a Bayesian framework. Our approach combines detection of stream overdensities by a Difference-of-Gaussians process with fast streakline models, a continuous likelihood function built from these models, and inference with MCMC. By generating $\\approx10^7$ model streams, we show that the geometry of the Pal 5 debris yields powerful constraints on the solar position and motion, the Milky Way and Pal 5 itself. All 10 model parameters were allowed to vary over large ranges without additional prior information. Using only SDSS data and a few radial velocities from the literature, we find that the distance of the Sun from the Galactic Center is $8.30\\pm0.25$ kpc, and the transverse velocity is $253\\pm16$ km/s. Both estimates are in excellent agreement with independent measurements of these quantities. Assuming a standar...

  2. High Precision Load Current Sensing using On-Line Calibration of Trace Resistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, Seth

    . The voltage drop across a trace resistance at the output * cortr In is wh eletr l to the output is amplified

  3. High Precision Control of Indirect Drive Systems Based on End-effector Sensor Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Cheng-Huei

    2009-01-01

    drive gears,” Journal of Mechanical Design, vol. 123, no. 1,of gear mechanisms brings great challenges to the design ofdrive gear o?ers many advantages such as compact design, low

  4. High Precision Measurement of the Proton Elastic Form Factor Ratio at Low Q2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiaohui Zhan

    2010-01-31

    Experiment E08-007 measured the proton elastic form factor ratio ?pGE/GM in the range of Q2 = 0.3?0.7(GeV/c)2 by recoil polarimetry. Data were taken in 2008 at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility in Virginia, USA. A 1.2 GeV polarized electron beam was scattered off a cryogenic hydrogen target. The recoil proton was detected in the left HRS in coincidence with the elasticly scattered electrons tagged by the BigBite spectrometer. The proton polarization was measured by the focal plane polarimeter (FPP). In this low Q2 region, previous measurement from Jefferson Lab Hall A (LEDEX) along with various fits and calculations indicate substantial deviations of the ratio from unity. For this new measurement, the proposed statistical uncertainty (< 1%) was achieved. These new results are a few percent lower than expected from previous world data and fits, which indicate a smaller GEp at this region. Beyond the intrinsic interest in nucleon structure, the new results also have implications in determining the proton Zemach radius and the strangeness form factors from parity violation experiments.

  5. High precision measurement of the proton elastic form factor ratio at low Q²

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhan, Xiaohui

    2010-01-01

    Experiment E08-007 measured the proton elastic form factor ratio [mu]GE/GM in the range of Q2 = 0.3-0.7(GeV/c)2 by recoil polarimetry. Data were taken in 2008 at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility in Virginia, ...

  6. Correlating the Ancient Maya and Modern European Calendars with High-Precision AMS 14C Dating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    Williams, L. O. Flora of Guatemala. Fieldiana Botany 24. (tropical city of Tikal, Guatemala. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci 109,Maya city of Tikal (Guatemala) that carry carved dates that

  7. Progress towards high precision measurements on ultracold metastable hydrogen and trapping deuterium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinberger, Julia K., 1974-

    2004-01-01

    (cont.) not achieve deuterium trapping through helium-surface cooling. It is proposed that buffer gas loading can be used to cryogenically cool and trap deuterium.

  8. High Precision Control of Indirect Drive Systems Based on End-effector Sensor Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Cheng-Huei

    2009-01-01

    le cutting machines,” Mechatronics, vol. 17, no. 2-3, pp.68, [59] M. Tomizuka, “Mechatronics: from the 20th to 21stA new servo method in mechatronics,” Transaction of Japanese

  9. On Using Nearly-Independent Feature Families for High Precision and Confidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    families and different ways of processing the different signals. For example, YouTube videos contain audio, gradient and motion-related histogram features extracted from the visual signal. Given access to such rich such as text, audio, and video features are available, combining the outputs of base classifiers trained

  10. SIX HIGH-PRECISION TRANSITS OF OGLE-TR-113b

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, E. R.; Elliot, J. L.; Seager, S.; Lopez-Morales, M.; Osip, D. J.

    2010-10-01

    We present six new transits of the hot Jupiter OGLE-TR-113b observed with MagIC on the Magellan Telescopes between 2007 January and 2009 May. We update the system parameters and revise the planetary radius to R{sub p} = 1.084 {+-} 0.029R{sub J} , where the error is dominated by stellar radius uncertainties. The new transit midtimes reveal no transit timing variations from a constant ephemeris of greater than 13 {+-} 28 s over two years, placing an upper limit of 1-2 M{sub +} on the mass of any perturber in a 1:2 or 2:1 mean-motion resonance with OGLE-TR-113b. Combining the new transit epochs with five epochs published between 2002 and 2006, we find hints that the orbital period of the planet may not be constant, with the best fit indicating a decrease of P-dot =-60{+-}15 ms yr{sup -1}. If real, this change in period could result from either a long-period (more than eight years) timing variation due to a massive external perturber or more intriguingly from the orbital decay of the planet. The detection of a changing period is still tentative and requires additional observations, but if confirmed it would enable direct tests of tidal stability and dynamical models of close-in planets.

  11. High precision mass-based assay to examine growth regulation of the cell cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gulati, Amneet

    2014-01-01

    Studying biophysical properties of cells can provide insight into the metabolic mechanisms and regulation of cell cycle processes. Though size is considered to be a fundamental property of cell state, its measurement on a ...

  12. Using Automated, High-precision Repicking to Improve Delineation of Microseismic Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowe, Charlotte

    at the Soultz Geothermal Reservoir C. A. ROWE,*1 R. C. ASTER,1 W. S. PHILLIPS,2 R. H. JONES,3 B. BORCHERS 4-analyze waveforms manually or semi-automatically. We apply this technique to induced seismicity at the Soultz, microearth- quakes. Introduction The Soultz-sous-Foreà ts geothermal ®eld is located in the Alsace region

  13. Optically continuous silcrete quartz cements of the St. Peter Sandstone: High precision oxygen isotope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Stephen R.

    . Peter Sandstone (in SW Wisconsin) constrains temperature and fluid sources during diagenesis. Quartz break-down reactions of materials such as of feldspars or glass, the weathering of a clean quartz­3832 #12;1. INTRODUCTION The compositions and temperatures of fluids that have passed through quartz

  14. Wireless Power Transfer for High-precision Position Detection of Railroad Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryu, Hyun-Gyu

    2015-01-01

    Detection of vehicle position is critical for successful operation of intelligent transportation system. In case of railroad transportation systems, position information of railroad vehicles can be detected by GPS, track circuits, and so on. In this paper, position detection based on tags onto sleepers of the track is investigated. Position information stored in the tags is read by a reader placed at the bottom of running railroad vehicle. Due to limited capacity of battery or its alternative in the tags, power required for transmission of position information to the reader is harvested by the tags from the power wirelessly transferred from the reader. Basic mechanism in wireless power transfer is magnetic induction and power transfer efficiency according to the relative location of the reader to a tag is discussed with simulation results. Since power transfer efficiency is significantly affected by the ferromagnetic material (steel) at the bottom of the railroad vehicle and the track, magnetic beam shaping b...

  15. High-precision flexible fabrication of tissue engineering scaffolds using distinct polymers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wei, Chuang [North Carolina State University; Cai, Lei [ORNL; Sonawane, Bhushan [North Carolina State University; Wang, Shanfeng [ORNL; Dong, Jingyan [North Carolina State University

    2012-01-01

    Three-dimensional porous structures using biodegradable materials with excellent biocompatibility are critically important for tissue engineering applications. We present a multi-nozzle-based versatile deposition approach to flexibly construct porous tissue engineering scaffolds using distinct polymeric biomaterials such as thermoplastic and photo-crosslinkable polymers. We first describe the development of the deposition system and fabrication of scaffolds from two types of biodegradable polymers using this system. The thermoplastic sample is semi-crystalline poly({var_epsilon}-caprolactone) (PCL) that can be processed at a temperature higher than its melting point and solidifies at room temperature. The photo-crosslinkable one is polypropylene fumarate (PPF) that has to be dissolved in a reactive solvent as a resin for being cured into solid structures. Besides the direct fabrication of thermoplastic PCL scaffolds, we specifically develop a layer molding approach for the fabrication of crosslinkable polymers, which traditionally can only be fabricated by stereolithography. In this approach, a thermoplastic supporting material (paraffin wax) is first deposited to make a mold for each specific layer, and then PPF is deposited on demand to fill the mold and cured by the UV light. The supporting material can be removed to produce a porous scaffold of crosslinked PPF. Both PCL and crosslinked PPF scaffolds fabricated using the developed system have been characterized in terms of compressive mechanical properties, morphology, pore size and porosity. Mouse MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblastic cell studies on the fabricated scaffolds have been performed to demonstrate their capability of supporting cell proliferation and ingrowth, aiming for bone tissue engineering applications.

  16. High Precision Control of Indirect Drive Systems Based on End-effector Sensor Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Cheng-Huei

    2009-01-01

    mechanical systems (MEMS) sensors, such as MEMS gyroscopesTherefore, low-cost MEMS sensors, such as gyroscopes andof sensor installation needs to be considered. The MEMS

  17. High Precision Control of Indirect Drive Systems Based on End-effector Sensor Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Cheng-Huei

    2009-01-01

    a single frequency disturbance, () can be simpli?of canceling a single frequency disturbance is shown below.Frequency response from the disturbance input, d, to the

  18. Integrating high-precision U-Pb geochronologic data with dynamic models of earth processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blackburn, Terrence (Terrence Joseph)

    2012-01-01

    Radioisotopic dating can provide critical constraints for understanding the rates of tectonic, dynamic and biologic processes operating on our planet. Improving the interpretation and implementation of geochronologic data ...

  19. High-precision geochronology confirms voluminous magmatism before, during, and after Earth's most severe extinction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgess, Seth

    The end-Permian mass extinction was the most severe in the Phanerozoic, extinguishing more than 90% of marine and 75% of terrestrial species in a maximum of 61 ± 48 ky. Because of broad temporal coincidence between the ...

  20. The Nearby Supernova Factory: Toward A High-Precision Spectro-Photometry

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail. (Conference)FeedbackProperties ofThe Maximum Value Method. CitationThe(Conference) |

  1. The Nearby Supernova Factory: Toward A High-Precision Spectro-Photometry

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail. (Conference)FeedbackProperties ofThe Maximum Value Method. CitationThe(Conference)

  2. Monitoring the Bulalo geothermal reservoir, Philippines, using precision gravity data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    San Andres, R.B.; Pedersen, J.R.

    1993-10-01

    Precision gravity monitoring of the Bulalo geothermal field began in 1980 to estimate the natural mass recharge to the reservoir. Between 1980 and 1991, gravity decreases exceeding 2.5 {times} 10{sup {minus}6} N/kg (250 microgals) were observed in response to fluid withdrawals. A maximum rate of {minus}26 microgals per year was observed near the production center. Mass discharges predicted by recent reservoir simulation modeling generally match those inferred from the observed gravity data. According to simulation studies, no recharge occurred between 1980 and 1984. The mass recharge between 1984 and 1991 was estimated to be 30% of net fluid withdrawal during the same period, equivalent to an average rate of 175 kg/s (630 metric tons per hour).

  3. Precise rotation rates for five slowly rotating A stars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gray, David F.

    2014-04-01

    Projected rotation rates of five early A-type slowly rotating stars are measured spectroscopically to a precision of 0.2 km s{sup –1}. A detailed Fourier analysis is done, as well as a comparison of profiles directly. Macroturbulence is needed in addition to rotation to reproduce the profile shapes. An upper limit of ?2 km s{sup –1} is placed on the microturbulence dispersion. Small unexplained differences between the models and the observations are seen in the sidelobe structure of the transforms. The v sin i results are: ? Dra, 26.2; ? Leo, 22.5; ? CMa A, 16.7; ? Gem A, 10.7; o Peg, 6.0 km s{sup –1}. These stars are suitable as standards for measuring rotation using less fundamental methods.

  4. Fast Simulation of Gaussian-Mode Scattering for Precision Interferometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Daniel; Freise, Andreas

    2015-01-01

    Understanding how laser light scatters from realistic mirror surfaces is crucial for the design, commissioning and operation of precision interferometers, such as the current and next generation of gravitational-wave detectors. Numerical simulations are indispensable tools for this task but their utility can in practice be limited by the computational cost of describing the scattering process. In this paper we present an efficient method to significantly reduce the computational cost of optical simulations that incorporate scattering. This is accomplished by constructing a near optimal representation of the complex, multi-parameter 2D overlap integrals that describe the scattering process (referred to as a reduced order quadrature). We demonstrate our technique by simulating a near-unstable Fabry-Perot cavity and its control signals using similar optics to those installed in one of the LIGO gravitational-wave detectors. We show that using reduced order quadrature reduces the computational time of the numerica...

  5. ANTIHYDROGEN PRODUCTION AND PRECISION SPECTROSCOPY WITH ATHENA/AD-1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. HOLZSCHEITER; C. AMSLER; ET AL

    2000-11-01

    CPT invariance is a fundamental property of quantum field theories in flat space-time. Principal consequences include the predictions that particles and their antiparticles have equal masses and lifetimes, and equal and opposite electric charges and magnetic moments. It also follows that the fine structure, hyperfine structure, and Lamb shifts of matter and antimatter bound systems should be identical. It is proposed to generate new stringent tests of CPT using precision spectroscopy on antihydrogen atoms. An experiment to produce antihydrogen at rest has been approved for running at the Antiproton Decelerator (AD) at CERN. We describe the fundamental features of this experiment and the experimental approach to the first phase of the program, the formation and identification of low energy antihydrogen.

  6. Ten Low Mass Companions from the Keck Precision Velocity Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steven S. Vogt; R. Paul Butler; Geoffrey W. Marcy; Debra A. Fischer; Dimitri Pourbaix; Kevin Apps; Gregory Laughlin

    2001-10-16

    Ten new low mass companions have emerged from the Keck precision Doppler velocity survey, with minimum (msini) masses ranging from 0.8 mjup to 0.34 msun. Five of these are planet candidates with msini < 12 mjup, two are brown dwarf candidates with msini ~30 mjup, and three are low mass stellar companions. Hipparcos astrometry reveals the orbital inclinations and masses for three of the (more massive) companions, and it provides upper limits to the masses for the rest. A new class of extrasolar planet is emerging, characterized by nearly circular orbits and orbital radii greater than 1 AU. The planet HD 4208b appears to be a member of this new class. The mass distribution of extrasolar planets continues to exhibit a rapid rise from 10 mjup toward the lowest detectable masses near 1 msat.

  7. Ten Low Mass Companions from the Keck Precision Velocity Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vogt, S S; Marcy, G W; Fischer, D A; Pourbaix, D; Apps, K; Laughlin, G; Vogt, Steven S.; Marcy, Geoffrey W.; Fischer, Debra A.; Pourbaix, Dimitri; Apps, Kevin; Laughlin, Gregory

    2002-01-01

    Ten new low mass companions have emerged from the Keck precision Doppler velocity survey, with minimum (msini) masses ranging from 0.8 mjup to 0.34 msun. Five of these are planet candidates with msini < 12 mjup, two are brown dwarf candidates with msini ~30 mjup, and three are low mass stellar companions. Hipparcos astrometry reveals the orbital inclinations and masses for three of the (more massive) companions, and it provides upper limits to the masses for the rest. A new class of extrasolar planet is emerging, characterized by nearly circular orbits and orbital radii greater than 1 AU. The planet HD 4208b appears to be a member of this new class. The mass distribution of extrasolar planets continues to exhibit a rapid rise from 10 mjup toward the lowest detectable masses near 1 msat.

  8. Square Kilometer Array Telescope - Precision Reference Frequency Synchronisation via 1f-2f Dissemination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, B; Gao, C; Bai, Y; Dong, J W; Wang, L J

    2015-01-01

    The Square Kilometer Array (SKA) is an international effort to build the world's largest radio telescope, with one square kilometer collecting area. Besides its ambitious scientific objectives, such as probing the cosmic dawn and cradle of life, SKA also demands several revolutionary technological breakthroughs, with ultra-high precision synchronisation of the frequency references for thousands of antennas being one of them. In this report, aimed at applications to SKA, we demonstrate a frequency reference synchronization and dissemination scheme with the phase noise compensation function placed at the client site. Hence, one central hub can be linked to a large number of client sites, forming a star-shaped topology. As a performance test, the 100 MHz reference signal from a Hydrogen maser clock is disseminated and recovered at two remote sites. Phase noise characteristics of the recovered reference frequency signal coincides with that of the hydrogen-maser source and satisfies SKA requirement.

  9. The Mira-Titan Universe: Precision Predictions for Dark Energy Surveys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heitmann, Katrin; Lawrence, Earl; Bergner, Steven; Habib, Salman; Higdon, David; Pope, Adrian; Biswas, Rahul; Finkel, Hal; Frontiere, Nicholas; Bhattacharya, Suman

    2015-01-01

    Ground and space-based sky surveys enable powerful cosmological probes based on measurements of galaxy properties and the distribution of galaxies in the Universe. These probes include weak lensing, baryon acoustic oscillations, abundance of galaxy clusters, and redshift space distortions; they are essential to improving our knowledge of the nature of dark energy. On the theory and modeling front, large-scale simulations of cosmic structure formation play an important role in interpreting the observations and in the challenging task of extracting cosmological physics at the needed precision. These simulations must cover a parameter range beyond the standard six cosmological parameters and need to be run at high mass and force resolution. One key simulation-based task is the generation of accurate theoretical predictions for observables, via the method of emulation. Using a new sampling technique, we explore an 8-dimensional parameter space including massive neutrinos and a variable dark energy equation of sta...

  10. A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s$^{-1}$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chih-Hao Li; Andrew J. Benedick; Peter Fendel; Alexander G. Glenday; Franz X. Kaertner; David F. Phillips; Dimitar Sasselov; Andrew Szentgyorgyi; Ronald L. Walsworth

    2008-04-07

    Searches for extrasolar planets using the periodic Doppler shift of stellar spectral lines have recently achieved a precision of 60 cm/s (ref 1), which is sufficient to find a 5-Earth-mass planet in a Mercury-like orbit around a Sun-like star. To find a 1-Earth-mass planet in an Earthlike orbit, a precision of 5 cm/s is necessary. The combination of a laser frequency comb with a Fabry-Perot filtering cavity has been suggested as a promising approach to achieve such Doppler shift resolution via improved spectrograph wavelength calibration, with recent encouraging results. Here we report the fabrication of such a filtered laser comb with up to 40- GHz (1-A) line spacing, generated from a 1- GHz repetition-rate source, without compromising long-term stability, reproducibility or spectral resolution. This wide-line-spacing comb, or `astro-comb', is well matched to the resolving power of high-resolution astrophysical spectrographs. The astro-comb should allow a precision as high as 1 cm/s in astronomical radial velocity measurements.

  11. Exact-to-precision generalized perturbation for neutron transport calculation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, C.; Abdel-Khalik, H. S. [North Carolina State University, 911 Oval Dr., Centennial Campus, Raleigh, NC 27606 (United States)

    2013-07-01

    This manuscript extends the exact-to-precision generalized perturbation theory (E{sub P}GPT), introduced previously, to neutron transport calculation whereby previous developments focused on neutron diffusion calculation only. The E{sub P}GPT collectively denotes new developments in generalized perturbation theory (GPT) that place premium on computational efficiency and defendable accuracy in order to render GPT a standard analysis tool in routine design and safety reactor calculations. EPGPT constructs a surrogate model with quantifiable accuracy which can replace the original neutron transport model for subsequent engineering analysis, e.g. functionalization of the homogenized few-group cross sections in terms of various core conditions, sensitivity analysis and uncertainty quantification. This is achieved by reducing the effective dimensionality of the state variable (i.e. neutron angular flux) by projection onto an active subspace. Confining the state variations to the active subspace allows one to construct a small number of what is referred to as the 'active' responses which are solely dependent on the physics model rather than on the responses of interest, the number of input parameters, or the number of points in the state phase space. (authors)

  12. Precision Higgsstrahlung as a Probe of New Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nathaniel Craig; Marco Farina; Matthew McCullough; Maxim Perelstein

    2015-08-03

    A "Higgs factory", an electron-positron collider with center-of-mass energy of about 250 GeV, will measure the cross section of the Higgsstrahlung process, $e^+e^-\\rightarrow hZ$, with sub-percent precision. This measurement is sensitive to a variety of new physics scenarios. In this paper, we study two examples. First, we compute corrections to the $e^+e^-\\rightarrow hZ$ differential cross section in the effective field theory (EFT) approach, including the complete set of dimension-6 operators contributing to this process. These results are applicable to any model where the new physics mass scale is significantly above the weak scale. Second, we present a complete one-loop calculation of the effect of third-generation squarks, with arbitrary soft masses and mixing, on this cross section. This is expected to be the leading correction in natural supersymmetric models. We demonstrate the agreement between the full one-loop calculation and the EFT result in the limit of large stop masses. Finally, we estimate the discovery reach of the $e^+e^-\\rightarrow hZ$ cross section measurement in the two models.

  13. Precision Compton polarimetry for the QWeak experiment at Jefferson Lab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wouter Deconinck

    2011-10-01

    The Q Weak experiment, scheduled to run in 2010-2012 in Hall C at Jefferson Lab, will measure the parity-violating asymmetry in elastic electron-proton scattering at 1.1 GeV to determine the weak charge of the proton, Q{sub Weak}{sup p} = 1 - 4 sin{sup 2} {theta}{sub W}. The dominant experimental systematic uncertainty will be the knowledge of the electron beam polarization. With a new Compton polarimeter we aim to measure the beam polarization with a statistical precision of 1% in one hour and a systematic uncertainty of 1%. A low-gain Fabry-Perot cavity laser system provides the circularly polarized photons. The scattered electrons are detected in radiation-hard diamond strip detectors, and form the basis for a coincidence trigger using distributed logic boards. The photon detector uses a fast, undoped CsI crystal with simultaneous sampling and integrating read-out. Coincident events are used to cross-calibrate the photon and electron detectors.

  14. Exponential improvement in precision for simulating sparse Hamiltonians

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dominic W. Berry; Andrew M. Childs; Richard Cleve; Robin Kothari; Rolando D. Somma

    2014-10-07

    We provide a quantum algorithm for simulating the dynamics of sparse Hamiltonians with complexity sublogarithmic in the inverse error, an exponential improvement over previous methods. Specifically, we show that a $d$-sparse Hamiltonian $H$ acting on $n$ qubits can be simulated for time $t$ with precision $\\epsilon$ using $O\\big(\\tau \\frac{\\log(\\tau/\\epsilon)}{\\log\\log(\\tau/\\epsilon)}\\big)$ queries and $O\\big(\\tau \\frac{\\log^2(\\tau/\\epsilon)}{\\log\\log(\\tau/\\epsilon)}n\\big)$ additional 2-qubit gates, where $\\tau = d^2 \\|{H}\\|_{\\max} t$. Unlike previous approaches based on product formulas, the query complexity is independent of the number of qubits acted on, and for time-varying Hamiltonians, the gate complexity is logarithmic in the norm of the derivative of the Hamiltonian. Our algorithm is based on a significantly improved simulation of the continuous- and fractional-query models using discrete quantum queries, showing that the former models are not much more powerful than the discrete model even for very small error. We also simplify the analysis of this conversion, avoiding the need for a complex fault correction procedure. Our simplification relies on a new form of "oblivious amplitude amplification" that can be applied even though the reflection about the input state is unavailable. Finally, we prove new lower bounds showing that our algorithms are optimal as a function of the error.

  15. Towards consistent Electroweak Precision Data constraints in the SMEFT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laure Berthier; Michael Trott

    2015-05-06

    We discuss the impact of many previously neglected effects of higher dimensional operators when fitting to Electroweak Precision data (EWPD) in the Standard Model Effective Field Theory (SMEFT). We calculate the general case of $2 \\rightarrow 2$ fermion scattering in the SMEFT to order $\\mathcal{O}(\\bar{v}_T^2/\\Lambda^2)$ valid on and off the $Z$ pole, in the massless fermion limit. We demonstrate that previously neglected corrections scale as $\\Gamma_Z M_Z/\\bar{v}_T^2$ in the partial widths extracted from measured cross sections at LEPI, compared to the leading effect of dimension six operators in anomalous $Z$ couplings. Further, constraints on leading effects of anomalous $Z$ couplings are also modified by neglected perturbative corrections and dimension eight operators. We perform a minimal EWPD fit to illustrate the size of the error these corrections induce, when bounding leading effects. These considerations relax bounds compared to a naive leading order analysis, and show that constraints that rise above the percent level are subject to substantial theoretical uncertanties. We also argue that renormalization group running global constraints expressed through $\\chi^2$ functions to a common scale, and then minimizing and performing a global fit of all data allows more consistent constraints to be obtained in the SMEFT.

  16. Evidence for dark matter interactions in cosmological precision data?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesgourgues, Julien; Schmaltz, Martin

    2015-01-01

    We study a two-parameter extension of the cosmological standard model $\\Lambda$CDM in which cold dark matter interacts with a new form of dark radiation. The two parameters correspond to the energy density in the dark radiation $\\Delta N_\\mathrm{eff}$ and the interaction strength between the dark matter and dark radiation fluids. The interactions give rise to a very weak "dark matter drag" which damps the growth of matter density perturbations throughout radiation domination, allowing to reconcile the tension between predictions of large scale structure from the CMB and direct measurements of $\\sigma_8$. We perform a precision fit to Planck CMB data, BAO, large scale structure, and direct measurements of the expansion rate of the universe today. Our model lowers the $\\chi$-squared relative to $\\Lambda$CDM by about 11, corresponding to a preference for non-zero dark matter drag by more than $3 \\sigma$. Particle physics models which naturally produce a dark matter drag of the required form include the recently ...

  17. Evidence for dark matter interactions in cosmological precision data?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien Lesgourgues; Gustavo Marques-Tavares; Martin Schmaltz

    2015-09-09

    We study a two-parameter extension of the cosmological standard model $\\Lambda$CDM in which cold dark matter interacts with a new form of dark radiation. The two parameters correspond to the energy density in the dark radiation $\\Delta N_\\mathrm{eff}$ and the interaction strength between the dark matter and dark radiation fluids. The interactions give rise to a very weak "dark matter drag" which damps the growth of matter density perturbations throughout radiation domination, allowing to reconcile the tension between predictions of large scale structure from the CMB and direct measurements of $\\sigma_8$. We perform a precision fit to Planck CMB data, BAO, large scale structure, and direct measurements of the expansion rate of the universe today. Our model lowers the $\\chi$-squared relative to $\\Lambda$CDM by about 11, corresponding to a preference for non-zero dark matter drag by more than $3 \\sigma$. Particle physics models which naturally produce a dark matter drag of the required form include the recently proposed non-Abelian dark matter model in which the dark radiation corresponds to massless dark gluons.

  18. Feedback Controlled High Frequency Electrochemical Micromachining 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ozkeskin, Fatih Mert

    2008-10-10

    are different from those for silicon. A promising mass production method for micro/meso scale components is electrochemical micromachining. The complex system, however, requires high precision mechanical fixtures and sophisticated instrumentation for proper...

  19. The value of high-frequency, high-precision methane isotopologue measurements for source and sink estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rigby, Matthew

    We present an observing system simulation experiment examining the potential benefits of new methane isotopologues measurements for global- and national-scale source and sink inversions. New measurements are expected in ...

  20. PROSPECT - A Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment at Short Baselines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Ashenfelter; A. B. Balantekin; H. R. Band; G. Barclay; C. Bass; N. S. Bowden; C. D. Bryan; J. J. Cherwinka; R. Chu; T. Classen; D. Davee; D. Dean; G. Deichert; M. Diwan; M. J. Dolinski; J. Dolph; D. A. Dwyer; Y. Efremenko; S. Fan; A. Galindo-Uribarri; K. Gilje; A. Glenn; M. Green; K. Han; S. Hans; K. M. Heeger; B. Heffron; L. Hu; P. Huber; D. E. Jaffe; Y. Kamyshkov; S. Kettell; C. Lane; T. J. Langford; B. R. Littlejohn; D. Martinez; R. D. McKeown; M. P. Mendenhall; S. Morrell; P. Mueller; H. P. Mumm; J. Napolitano; J. S. Nico; D. Norcini; D. Pushin; X. Qian; E. Romero; R. Rosero; B. S. Seilhan; R. Sharma; P. T. Surukuchi; S. J. Thompson; R. L. Varner; B. Viren; W. Wang; B. White; C. White; J. Wilhelmi; C. Williams; R. E. Williams; T. Wise; H. Yao; M. Yeh; N. Zaitseva; C. Zhang; X. Zhang

    2015-01-27

    Current models of antineutrino production in nuclear reactors predict detection rates and spectra at odds with the existing body of direct reactor antineutrino measurements. High-resolution antineutrino detectors operated close to compact research reactor cores can produce new precision measurements useful in testing explanations for these observed discrepancies involving underlying nuclear or new physics. Absolute measurement of the 235U-produced antineutrino spectrum can provide additional constraints for evaluating the accuracy of current and future reactor models, while relative measurements of spectral distortion between differing baselines can be used to search for oscillations arising from the existence of eV-scale sterile neutrinos. Such a measurement can be performed in the United States at several highly-enriched uranium fueled research reactors using near-surface segmented liquid scintillator detectors. We describe here the conceptual design and physics potential of the PROSPECT experiment, a U.S.-based, multi-phase experiment with reactor-detector baselines of 7-20 meters capable of addressing these and other physics and detector development goals. Current R&D status and future plans for PROSPECT detector deployment and data-taking at the High Flux Isotope Reactor at Oak Ridge National Laboratory will be discussed.

  1. Precision 2 g Dual Axis, PWM Output Accelerometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynch, Jerome P.

    g shock survival APPLICATIONS Automotive tilt alarms Vehicle dynamic control (VDC Platform stabilization/leveling Alarms and motion detectors High accuracy, 2-axis tilt sensing GENERAL

  2. Time interval measurement device based on surface acoustic wave filter excitation, providing 1 ps precision and stability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Panek, Petr; Prochazka, Ivan [Institute of Photonics and Electronics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Chaberska 57, 182 51 Prague (Czech Republic)

    2007-09-15

    This article deals with the time interval measurement device, which is based on a surface acoustic wave (SAW) filter as a time interpolator. The operating principle is based on the fact that a transversal SAW filter excited by a short pulse can generate a finite signal with highly suppressed spectra outside a narrow frequency band. If the responses to two excitations are sampled at clock ticks, they can be precisely reconstructed from a finite number of samples and then compared so as to determine the time interval between the two excitations. We have designed and constructed a two-channel time interval measurement device which allows independent timing of two events and evaluation of the time interval between them. The device has been constructed using commercially available components. The experimental results proved the concept. We have assessed the single-shot time interval measurement precision of 1.3 ps rms that corresponds to the time of arrival precision of 0.9 ps rms in each channel. The temperature drift of the measured time interval on temperature is lower than 0.5 ps/K, and the long term stability is better than {+-}0.2 ps/h. These are to our knowledge the best values reported for the time interval measurement device. The results are in good agreement with the error budget based on the theoretical analysis.

  3. Diamond Wire Saw for Precision Machining of Laser Target Components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bono, M J; Bennett, D W

    2005-08-08

    The fabrication of precision laser targets requires a wide variety of specialized mesoscale manufacturing techniques. The diamond wire saw developed in this study provides the capability to precisely section meso-scale workpieces mounted on the assembly stations used by the Target Fabrication Group. This new capability greatly simplifies the fabrication of many types of targets and reduces the time and cost required to build the targets. A variety of materials are used to fabricate targets, including metals, plastics with custom designed chemical formulas, and aerogels of various densities. The materials are usually provided in the form of small pieces or cast rods that must be machined to the required shape. Many of these materials, such as metals and some plastics, can be trimmed using a parting tool on a diamond turning machine. However, other materials, such as aerogels and brittle materials, cannot be adequately cut with a parting tool. In addition, the geometry of the parts often requires that the workpieces be held in a special assembly station, which excludes the use of a parting tool. In the past, these materials were sectioned using a small, handheld coping saw that used a diamond-impregnated wire as a blade. This miniature coping saw was effective, but it required several hours to cut through certain materials. Furthermore, the saw was guided by hand and often caused significant damage to fragile aerogels. To solve these problems, the diamond wire saw shown in Figure 1 was developed. The diamond wire saw is designed to machine through materials that are mounted in the Target Fabrication Group's benchtop assembly stations. These assembly stations are the primary means of aligning and assembling target components, and there is often a need to machine materials while they are mounted in the assembly stations. Unfortunately, commercially available saws are designed for very different applications and are far too large to be used with the assembly stations. Therefore, a custom diamond wire saw was designed and constructed. The diamond wire saw cuts through workpieces using a continuous loop of diamond-impregnated wire of length 840 mm. The wire loop runs around several idler pulleys and is driven by a simple geared DC motor that rotates at 17 rpm. The linear speed of the wire is 107 inches/minute. The saw is oriented at an angle of 20{sup o} from horizontal, so the operator can view the wire through the cutout at the front end of the saw. When looking through a microscope or camera with a horizontal line of sight, the operator can clearly see the wire as it cuts through the workpiece, as shown in the right side of Figure 1. The saw is mounted on a two-axis stage that allows the operator to align the wire with the workpiece. To cut through the workpiece, the operator drives the wire through the workpiece by turning the feed micrometer. An image of the interior of the diamond wire saw appears in Figure 2. This picture was taken after removing the protective cover plate from the saw.

  4. PRECISE CHARACTERIZATION OF GUATEMALAN OBSIDIAN SOURCES, AND SOURCE DETERMINATION OF ARTIFACTS FROM QUIRIGUA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stross, Fred H.

    2013-01-01

    precision sources in Guatemala. chemical characterization ofField Archaeology 5(1): Guatemala. Journal of Sheets, P.D.some obsidian flakes from Guatemala. American Antiquity 42:

  5. Precise Measurement of Strontium-82 Radioactivity in the Sr-Rb...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Precise Measurement of Strontium-82 Radioactivity in the Sr-Rb PET Generator Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Applications...

  6. Enabling high-temperature nanophotonics for energy applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    suppressed by 50% at 75° compared to nor- mal incidence. Finally, a precise high-temperature measurement applications, especially high-efficiency energy conversion systems encompassing hydrocarbon and radio- isotope

  7. High Energy Resummation in Quantum Chromo–Dynamics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marzani, Simone

    2008-01-01

    In this thesis I discuss different aspects of high energy resummation in Quantum Chromo-Dynamics and its relevance for precision physics at hadron colliders. The high energy factorisation theorem is presented and discussed ...

  8. Precision Pneumatic Robot for MRI-Guided Neurosurgery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    tube is translated via an acrylic plate supported by two plain linear bearings. Two carbon fiber guide can be replaced with high-strength plastics. References [1] Kinsey, A. M. et al, 2008, "Transurethal

  9. Precision Shock Tuning on the National Ignition Facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frenje, Johan A.

    Ignition implosions on the National Ignition Facility [ J.?D. Lindl et al. Phys. Plasmas 11 339 (2004)] are underway with the goal of compressing deuterium-tritium fuel to a sufficiently high areal density (?R) to sustain ...

  10. Wideband precision analog telemetry link using digital techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hearn, W.E.

    1982-10-01

    A highly linear Wideband Analog Fiber Optic Link is described which samples at a 1 MHz rate with 10-bit accuracy and transmits and receives by means of a high speed PDM code. Aliasing and sampling effects are fully suppressed and a nearly Gaussian pulse response is attained with a 2 ..mu..sec risetime. Analog signals are recovered with very low distortion and d.c. drift and a S/N ratio of better than 52 db.

  11. The MOLLER Experiment: An Ultra-Precise Measurement of the Weak Mixing Angle Using Møller Scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MOLLER Collaboration; J. Benesch; P. Brindza; R. D. Carlini; J-P. Chen; E. Chudakov; S. Covrig; M. M. Dalton; A. Deur; D. Gaskell; A. Gavalya; J. Gomez; D. W. Higinbotham; C. Keppel; D. Meekins; R. Michaels; B. Moffit; Y. Roblin; R. Suleiman; R. Wines; B. Wojtsekhowski; G. Cates; D. Crabb; D. Day; K. Gnanvo; D. Keller; N. Liyanage; V. V. Nelyubin; H. Nguyen; B. Norum; K. Paschke; V. Sulkosky; J. Zhang; X. Zheng; J. Birchall; P. Blunden; M. T. W. Gericke; W. R. Falk; L. Lee; J. Mammei; S. A. Page; W. T. H. van Oers; K. Dehmelt; A. Deshpande; N. Feege; T. K. Hemmick; K. S. Kumar; T. Kutz; R. Miskimen; M. J. Ramsey-Musolf; S. Riordan; N. Hirlinger Saylor; J. Bessuille; E. Ihloff; J. Kelsey; S. Kowalski; R. Silwal; G. De Cataldo; R. De Leo; D. Di Bari; L. Lagamba; E. NappiV. Bellini; F. Mammoliti; F. Noto; M. L. Sperduto; C. M. Sutera; P. Cole; T. A. Forest; M. Khandekar; D. McNulty; K. Aulenbacher; S. Baunack; F. Maas; V. Tioukine; R. Gilman; K. Myers; R. Ransome; A. Tadepalli; R. Beniniwattha; R. Holmes; P. Souder; D. S. Armstrong; T. D. Averett; W. Deconinck; W. Duvall; A. Lee; M. L. Pitt; J. A. Dunne; D. Dutta; L. El Fassi; F. De Persio; F. Meddi; G. M. Urciuoli; E. Cisbani; C. Fanelli; F. Garibaldi; K. Johnston; N. Simicevic; S. Wells; P. M. King; J. Roche; J. Arrington; P. E. Reimer; G. Franklin; B. Quinn; A. Ahmidouch; S. Danagoulian; O. Glamazdin; R. Pomatsalyuk; R. Mammei; J. W. Martin; T. Holmstrom; J. Erler; Yu. G. Kolomensky; J. Napolitano; K. A. Aniol; W. D. Ramsay; E. Korkmaz; D. T. Spayde; F. Benmokhtar; A. Del Dotto; R. Perrino; S. Barkanova; A. Aleksejevs; J. Singh

    2014-12-03

    The physics case and an experimental overview of the MOLLER (Measurement Of a Lepton Lepton Electroweak Reaction) experiment at the 12 GeV upgraded Jefferson Lab are presented. A highlight of the Fundamental Symmetries subfield of the 2007 NSAC Long Range Plan was the SLAC E158 measurement of the parity-violating asymmetry $A_{PV}$ in polarized electron-electron (M{\\o}ller) scattering. The proposed MOLLER experiment will improve on this result by a factor of five, yielding the most precise measurement of the weak mixing angle at low or high energy anticipated over the next decade. This new result would be sensitive to the interference of the electromagnetic amplitude with new neutral current amplitudes as weak as $\\sim 10^{-3}\\cdot G_F$ from as yet undiscovered dynamics beyond the Standard Model. The resulting discovery reach is unmatched by any proposed experiment measuring a flavor- and CP-conserving process over the next decade, and yields a unique window to new physics at MeV and multi-TeV scales, complementary to direct searches at high energy colliders such as the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The experiment takes advantage of the unique opportunity provided by the upgraded electron beam energy, luminosity, and stability at Jefferson Laboratory and the extensive experience accumulated in the community after a round of recent successfully completed parity-violating electron scattering experiments

  12. Infrared Passbands for Precise Photometry of Variable Stars by Amateur and Professional Astronomers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eugene F. Milone; Andrew T. Young

    2008-05-24

    The Infrared spectral region is a rich one for variable star work, especially of cooler stars, but it has been hard to do IR photometry because of high, variable background, and specialized telescopic equipment that is usually required to obtain meaningful data. Typically telescopes with IR detectors have been at high elevations, to minimize water vapor absorption. Nearly all the filters produced for astronomical work at observatories around the world have not been optimized for use at anything other than the highest and driest of observatories. This has made it difficult for amateur astronomers to contribute to this field. Now, however, this is no longer the case. The IAU's Infrared Working Group (IRWG) has designed and tested a set of IR filters less sensitive to water vapor, permitting observations at any site where precise optical photometry can be carried out. Data acquired with these filters can be corrected easily for atmospheric (water vapor) extinction, unlike the situation with the older IR filters. We demonstrate this with data from the University of Calgary's Rothney Astrophysical Observatory.

  13. Precision X-Band Linac Technologies for Nuclear Photonics Gamma-Ray Sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartemann, F V; Albert, F; Anderson, S G; Bayramian, A J; Cross, R R; Ebbers, C A; Gibson, D J; Houck, T L; Marsh, R A; Messerly, M J; Siders, C W; McNabb, D P; Barty, C J; Adolphsen, C E; Chu, T S; Jongewaard, E N; Tantawi, S G; Vlieks, A E; Wang, F; Wang, J W; Raubenheimer, T O; Ighigeanu, D; Toma, M; Cutoiu, D

    2011-08-31

    Nuclear photonics is an emerging field of research requiring new tools, including high spectral brightness, tunable gamma-ray sources; high photon energy, ultrahigh-resolution crystal spectrometers; and novel detectors. This presentation focuses on the precision linac technology required for Compton scattering gamma-ray light sources, and on the optimization of the laser and electron beam pulse format to achieve unprecedented spectral brightness. Within this context, high-gradient X-band technology will be shown to offer optimal performance in a compact package, when used in conjunction with the appropriate pulse format, and photocathode illumination and interaction laser technologies. The nascent field of nuclear photonics is enabled by the recent maturation of new technologies, including high-gradient X-band electron acceleration, robust fiber laser systems, and hyper-dispersion CPA. Recent work has been performed at LLNL to demonstrate isotope-specific detection of shielded materials via NRF using a tunable, quasi-monochromatic Compton scattering gamma-ray source operating between 0.2 MeV and 0.9 MeV photon energy. This technique is called Fluorescence Imaging in the Nuclear Domain with Energetic Radiation (or FINDER). This work has, among other things, demonstrated the detection of {sup 7}Li shielded by Pb, utilizing gamma rays generated by a linac-driven, laser-based Compton scattering gamma-ray source developed at LLNL. Within this context, a new facility is currently under construction at LLNL, with the goal of generating tunable {gamma}-rays in the 0.5-2.5 MeV photon energy range, at a repetition rate of 120 Hz, and with a peak brightness in the 10{sup 20} photons/(s x mm{sup 2} x mrad{sup 2} x 0.1% bw).

  14. Weighted Radon transforms for which the Chang approximate inversion formula is precise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Weighted Radon transforms for which the Chang approximate inversion formula is precise R.G. Novikov formula is precise. Some subsequent results, including the Cormack type inversion for these transforms, are also given. 1.Introduction We consider the weighted ray transformation PW defined by the formula PW f

  15. Adaptive Robust Control: Theory and Applications to Integrated Design of Intelligent and Precision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Bin

    Adaptive Robust Control: Theory and Applications to Integrated Design of Intelligent and Precision adaptive robust control (ARC) theory that has been developed recently well reflects such an intuitive Mechatronic Systems Bin Yao Intelligent and Precision Control Laboratory School of Mechanical Engineering

  16. Rapid and precise scanning helium ion microscope milling of solid-state nanopores for biomolecule detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Lu-Chang

    Rapid and precise scanning helium ion microscope milling of solid-state nanopores for biomolecule detection This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article Nanotechnology 22 (2011) 285310 (6pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/22/28/285310 Rapid and precise scanning helium ion

  17. Precise Measurement of Dimuon Production Cross-Sections in Fe Deep Inelastic Scattering at the Tevatron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Precise Measurement of Dimuon Production Cross-Sections in #23; #22; Fe and #22; #23; #22; Fe Deep statistically precise measurement of neutrino-induced dimuon production cross-sections to date. These measure, USA Version 11.02.00 1 #12; (February 14, 2001) Abstract We present measurements of the semi

  18. Precise Propagations of Chaos Estimates for FeynmanKac and Genealogical Particle Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Del Moral , Pierre

    Precise Propagations of Chaos Estimates for Feynman­Kac and Genealogical Particle Models P. Del genealogical tree evolution yielding what seems to be the first precise propagations of chaos estimates ). In this situation the N­path particle algo­ rithm # i n = (# #i p,n )0#p#n # E # [0,n] represents the genealogical

  19. Precision measurements of $g_1$ of the proton and the deuteron with 6 GeV electrons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Prok; P. Bosted; N. Kvaltine; K. P. Adhikari; D. Adikaram; M. Aghasyan; M. J. Amaryan; M. D. Anderson; S. Anefalos Pereira; H. Avakian; H. Baghdasaryan; J. Ball; N. A. Baltzell; M. Battaglieri; A. S. Biselli; J. Bono; W. J. Briscoe; J. Brock; W. K. Brooks; S. Bültmann; V. D. Burkert; C. Carlin; D. S. Carman; A. Celentano; S. Chandavar; L. Colaneri; P. L. Cole; M. Contalbrigo; O. Cortes; D. Crabb; V. Crede; A. D'Angelo; N. Dashyan; R. De Vita; E. De Sanctis; A. Deur; C. Djalali; G. E. Dodge; D. Doughty; R. Dupre; A. El Alaoui; L. El Fassi; L. Elouadrhiri; G. Fedotov; S. Fegan; R. Fersch; J. A. Fleming; T. A. Forest; M. Garcon; N. Gevorgyan; Y. Ghandilyan; G. P. Gilfoyle; F. X. Girod; K. L. Giovanetti; J. T. Goetz; W. Gohn; R. W. Gothe; K. A. Griffioen; B. Guegan; N. Guler; K. Haffidi; C. Hanretty; N. Harrison; M. Hattawy; K. Hicks; D. Ho; M. Holtrop; Y. Ilieva; D. G. Ireland; B. S. Ishkhanov; E. L. Isupov; S. Jawalkar; X. Jiang; H. S. Jo; K. Joo; N. Kalantarians; C. Keith; D. Keller; M. Khandaker; A. Kim; W. Kim; A. Klein; F. J. Klein; S. Koirala; V. Kubarovsky; S. E. Kuhn; S. V. Kuleshov; P. Lenisa; K. Livingston; H. Y. Lu; I . J. D. MacGregor; N. Markov; M. Mayee; B. McKinnon; D. Meekins; T. Mineeva; M. Mirazita; V. Mokeev; R. A. Montgomery; H. Moutarde; A Movsisyan; E. Munevar; C. Munoz Camacho; P. Nadel-Turonski; S. Niccolai; G. Niculescu; I. Niculescu; M. Osipenko; A. I. Ostrovidov; L. L. Pappalardo; R. Paremuzyan; K. Park; P. Peng; J. J. Phillips; J. Pierce; S. Pisano; O. Pogorelko; S. Pozdniakov; J. W. Price; S. Procureur; D. Protopopescu; A. J. R. Puckett; B. A. Raue; D. Rimal; M. Ripani; A. Rizzo; G. Rosner; P. Rossi; P. Roy; F. Sabatié; M. S. Saini; C. Salgado; D. Schott; R. A. Schumacher; E. Seder; Y. G. Sharabian; A. Simonyan; C. Smith; G. Smith; D. I. Sober; D. Sokhan; S. S. Stepanyan; S. Stepanyan; I. I. Strakovsky; S. Strauch; V. Sytnik; M. Taiuti; W. Tang; S. Tkachenko; M. Ungaro; B . Vernarsky; A. V. Vlassov; H. Voskanyan; E. Voutier; N. K. Walford; D . P. Watts; L. B. Weinstein; N. Zachariou; L. Zana; J. Zhang; B. Zhao; Z. W. Zhao; I. Zonta; for the CLAS collaboration

    2014-04-24

    The inclusive polarized structure functions of the proton and deuteron, g1p and g1d, were measured with high statistical precision using polarized 6 GeV electrons incident on a polarized ammonia target in Hall B at Jefferson Laboratory. Electrons scattered at lab angles between 18 and 45 degrees were detected using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS). For the usual DIS kinematics, Q^2>1 GeV^2 and the final-state invariant mass W>2 GeV, the ratio of polarized to unpolarized structure functions g1/F1 is found to be nearly independent of Q^2 at fixed x. Significant resonant structure is apparent at values of W up to 2.3 GeV. In the framework of perturbative QCD, the high-W results can be used to better constrain the polarization of quarks and gluons in the nucleon, as well as high-twist contributions.

  20. Modeling and precision control of ionic polymer metal composite 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhat, Nikhil Dilip

    2004-11-15

    implemented. Ionic polymer metal composite is a novel polymer in the class of electroactive polymers. IPMC consists of a base polymer coated with electrodes made up of highly conducting pure metals such as gold. The actuation behavior of IPMC can be attributed...

  1. PRECISION CLEANING OF SEMICONDUCTOR SURFACES USING CARBON DIOXIDE-BASED FLUIDS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. RUBIN; L. SIVILS; A. BUSNAINA

    1999-07-01

    The Los Alamos National Laboratory, on behalf of the Hewlett-Packard Company, is conducting tests of a closed-loop CO{sub 2}-based supercritical fluid process, known as Supercritical CO{sub 2} Resist Remover (SCORR). We have shown that this treatment process is effective in removing hard-baked, ion-implanted photoresists, and appears to be fully compatible with metallization systems. We are now performing experiments on production wafers to assess not only photoresist removal, but also residual surface contamination due to particulate and trace metals. Dense-phase (liquid or supercritical) CO{sub 2}, since it is non-polar, acts like an organic solvent and therefore has an inherently high volubility for organic compounds such as oils and greases. Also, dense CO{sub 2} has a low-viscosity and a low dielectric constant. Finally, CO{sub 2} in the liquid and supercritical fluid states can solubilize metal completing agents and surfactants. This combination of properties has interesting implications for the removal not only of organic films, but also trace metals and inorganic particulate. In this paper we discuss the possibility of using CO{sub 2} as a precision-cleaning solvent, with particular emphasis on semiconductor surfaces.

  2. A precise numerical estimation of the magnetic field generated around recombination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fidler, Christian; Pitrou, Cyril

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the generation of magnetic fields from non-linear effects around recombination. As tight-coupling is gradually lost when approaching $z\\simeq 1100$, the velocity difference between photons and baryons starts to increase, leading to an increasing Compton drag of the photons on the electrons. The protons are then forced to follow the electrons due to the electric field created by the charge displacement; the same field, following Maxwell's laws, eventually induces a magnetic field on cosmological scales. Since scalar perturbations do not generate any magnetic field as they are curl-free, one has to resort to second-order perturbation theory to compute the magnetic field generated by this effect. We reinvestigate this problem numerically using the powerful second-order Boltzmann code SONG. We show that: i) all previous studies do not have a high enough angular resolution to reach a precise and consistent estimation of the magnetic field spectrum; ii) the magnetic field is generated up to $z\\simeq ...

  3. A PRECISE WATER ABUNDANCE MEASUREMENT FOR THE HOT JUPITER WASP-43b

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kreidberg, Laura; Bean, Jacob L.; Stevenson, Kevin B. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Désert, Jean-Michel [CASA, Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, 389-UCB, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Line, Michael R.; Fortney, Jonathan J. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Madhusudhan, Nikku [Institute for Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 OHA (United Kingdom); Showman, Adam P.; Kataria, Tiffany [Department of Planetary Sciences and Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, The University of Arizona, Tuscon, AZ 85721 (United States); Charbonneau, David [Department of Astronomy, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); McCullough, Peter R. [Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Seager, Sara [Department of Physics, Massachussetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Burrows, Adam [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Henry, Gregory W.; Williamson, Michael [Center of Excellence in Information Systems, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN 37209 (United States); Homeier, Derek, E-mail: laura.kreidberg@uchicago.edu [Centre de Recherche Astrophysique de Lyon, UMR 5574, CNRS, Université de Lyon, École Normale Supérieure de Lyon, 46 Allée d'Italie, F-69364 Lyon Cedex 07 (France)

    2014-10-01

    The water abundance in a planetary atmosphere provides a key constraint on the planet's primordial origins because water ice is expected to play an important role in the core accretion model of planet formation. However, the water content of the solar system giant planets is not well known because water is sequestered in clouds deep in their atmospheres. By contrast, short-period exoplanets have such high temperatures that their atmospheres have water in the gas phase, making it possible to measure the water abundance for these objects. We present a precise determination of the water abundance in the atmosphere of the 2 M {sub Jup} short-period exoplanet WASP-43b based on thermal emission and transmission spectroscopy measurements obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope. We find the water content is consistent with the value expected in a solar composition gas at planetary temperatures (0.4-3.5 × solar at 1? confidence). The metallicity of WASP-43b's atmosphere suggested by this result extends the trend observed in the solar system of lower metal enrichment for higher planet masses.

  4. Rigorous analysis of cylindrical Klystron cavities for precision metrology applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floch, J-M Le; Aubourg, M; Cros, D; Bourhill, J; Ivanov, E N; Humbert, G; Madrangeas, V; Tobar, M E

    2013-01-01

    Klystron cavities are unique three-dimensional cylindrical structures that resonate with their electric and magnetic fields in separate parts of the cavity. In this work we undertake rigorous analysis of the properties of the resonance using the Finite Element Method (FEM). Comparisons between the FEM method and experiments agree very well and illustrate where predictions using established lumped element models are limited. With the aid of the modeling we design a highly tunable cavity that can be tuned from 2 GHz to 22 GHz, and describe how the mode structure transforms from the Klystron mode during the tuning process to a standard cylindrical Transverse Magnetic (TM) mode

  5. Precise half-life measurements for the superallowed beta(+) emitters Ar-34 and Cl-34 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iacob, V. E.; Hardy, John C.; Brinkley, J. F.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Mayes, V. E.; Nica, N.; Sanchez-Vega, M.; Tabacaru, G.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.

    2006-01-01

    To contribute meaningfully to any test of the unitarity of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) matrix, the measured ft value of a superallowed 0(+)-> 0(+) beta(+) transition must be obtained to a precision of 0.1% or better. We have determined the half-life of the superallowed emitter Ar-34 to be 843.8(4)ms... daughter Cl-34. We achieved the required precision on Ar-34 by analyzing the parent-daughter composite decay with a new fitting technique. We also obtained an improved half-life for Cl-34 of 1.5268(5) s, which has 0.03% precision and is a factor of two...

  6. Precise and ultrafast molecular sieving through graphene oxide membranes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshi, R K; Wang, F C; Kravets, V G; Su, Y; Grigorieva, I V; Wu, H A; Geim, A K; Nair, R R

    2014-01-01

    There has been intense interest in filtration and separation properties of graphene-based materials that can have well-defined nanometer pores and exhibit low frictional water flow inside them. Here we investigate molecular permeation through graphene oxide laminates. They are vacuum-tight in the dry state but, if immersed in water, act as molecular sieves blocking all solutes with hydrated radii larger than 4.5A. Smaller ions permeate through the membranes with little impedance, many orders of magnitude faster than the diffusion mechanism can account for. We explain this behavior by a network of nanocapillaries that open up in the hydrated state and accept only species that fit in. The ultrafast separation of small salts is attributed to an 'ion sponge' effect that results in highly concentrated salt solutions inside graphene capillaries.

  7. Precise and ultrafast molecular sieving through graphene oxide membranes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. K. Joshi; P. Carbone; F. C. Wang; V. G. Kravets; Y. Su; I. V. Grigorieva; H. A. Wu; A. K. Geim; R. R. Nair

    2014-01-14

    There has been intense interest in filtration and separation properties of graphene-based materials that can have well-defined nanometer pores and exhibit low frictional water flow inside them. Here we investigate molecular permeation through graphene oxide laminates. They are vacuum-tight in the dry state but, if immersed in water, act as molecular sieves blocking all solutes with hydrated radii larger than 4.5A. Smaller ions permeate through the membranes with little impedance, many orders of magnitude faster than the diffusion mechanism can account for. We explain this behavior by a network of nanocapillaries that open up in the hydrated state and accept only species that fit in. The ultrafast separation of small salts is attributed to an 'ion sponge' effect that results in highly concentrated salt solutions inside graphene capillaries.

  8. Precision of a Low-Cost InGaAs Detector for Near Infrared Photometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simcoe, Robert A.

    We have designed, constructed, and tested an InGaAs near-infrared camera to explore whether low-cost detectors can make small (?1 m) telescopes capable of precise (photometry of relatively bright targets. ...

  9. Pneumatic brake control for precision stopping of heavy-duty vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bu, Fanping; Tan, Han-Shue

    2007-01-01

    stopping” of a 40 foot CNG bus for the Bus Precision Dockingfor two different 40 foot CNG buses (c1 and c2). Althoughpressure of two different CNG buses (c1 and c2) speeds since

  10. DERIVATION AND OBSERVABILITY OF UPPER ATMOSPHERIC DENSITY VARIATIONS UTILIZING PRECISION ORBIT EPHEMERIDES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lechtenberg, Travis Francis

    2010-04-28

    Several models of atmospheric density exist in today's world, yet most possess significant errors when compared to data determined from actual satellite measurements. This research utilizes precision orbit ephemerides (POE) in an optimal orbit...

  11. Weighted Radon transforms for which the Chang approximate inversion formula is precise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roman Novikov

    2011-01-17

    We describe all weighted Radon transforms on the plane for which the Chang approximate inversion formula is precise. Some subsequent results, including the Cormack type inversion for these transforms, are also given.

  12. Precision measurement of the top quark mass in the lepton + jets...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Precision measurement of the top quark mass in the lepton + jets channel using a matrix element method with Quasi-Monte Carlo integration Citation Details In-Document Search...

  13. The design and small-scale fabrication of precision desktop lathe components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demers, Brian Philip

    2009-01-01

    An evaluation was carried out on the design and fabrication techniques of the components provided to students in MIT's 2.72 class. These components are used by the students in the production of a fully-functional precision ...

  14. World Precision Instruments, Inc. International Trade Center, 175 Sarasota Center Blvd., Sarasota FL 34240-9258

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Precision Instruments, Inc. USA International Trade Center, 175 Sarasota Center Blvd, including its components and parts, shall be free from defects in material and workmanship for a period

  15. Thermospheric density variations: Observability using precision satellite orbits and effects on orbit propagation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lechtenberg, Travis; McLaughlin, Craig A.; Locke, Travis; Krishna, Dhaval Mysore

    2013-01-28

    This paper examines atmospheric density estimated using precision orbit ephemerides (POE) from the CHAMP and GRACE satellites during short periods of greater atmospheric density variability. The results of the calibration ...

  16. Development of a 6-degree-of-freedom magnetically levitated instrument with nanometer precision 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gu, Jie

    2004-09-30

    This thesis presents the design and fabrication of a novel magnetically levitated (maglev) device with six-degree-of-freedom motion capability at nanometer precision. The applications of this device are manufacture of nanoscale structures, assembly...

  17. On the Feasibility of Precisely Measuring the Properties of a Precipitating Cloud with a Weather Radar 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Runnels, R.C.

    1967-01-01

    In this paper the results of an investigation are presented that are concerned with the feasibility of employing a weather radar to make precise measurements of the properties of a precipitating cloud. A schematic cloud ...

  18. Fundamenta Informaticae 116 1 Quantum testers for hidden group properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fondements et Applications, Université Paris 7

    Science Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Mumbai, India p2sen@iqc.ca Abstract. We construct efficient and, besides the group operations, we also have at our disposal a function f mapping G into a finite

  19. EXPERIMENTAL MEASUREMENT OF ACCELERATED EROSION IN A SLURRY POT TESTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsai, W.

    2012-01-01

    A~ *Property estimated on a wt% basis for Illinois #6 coalof the starting coal. the physical properties of interest.like properties of thin water films enveloping the coal

  20. Novel in situ mechanical testers to enable integrated metal surface...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    results are providing a foundation upon which to develop a stress-gradient-free thin film directly applicable to the production of freestanding metal structures. The issues of...

  1. EXPERIMENTAL MEASUREMENT OF ACCELERATED EROSION IN A SLURRY POT TESTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsai, W.

    2012-01-01

    and Hawrylak, M. , Corrosion Studies in Slurry Pipelines, 11To C. , Corrosion-Erosion in Slurry Pipelines,~~ Control ofG. L. , Corrosion Control Achieved on Coal Slurry Pipeline,"

  2. EXPERIMENTAL MEASUREMENT OF ACCELERATED EROSION IN A SLURRY POT TESTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsai, W.

    2012-01-01

    pump- ing and slurry processing equipment. Although the problem of erosive wearpumps, valves, bends and piping which are important in process systems. Accelerated wear

  3. Novel in situ mechanical testers to enable integrated metal surface

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTech Connect Nanomechanical switchFlue Gas Streams (Journal Article)Article) |

  4. Novel in situ mechanical testers to enable integrated metal surface

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTech Connect Nanomechanical switchFlue Gas Streams (Journal Article)Article)

  5. Gamma-ray spectrometric determination of UF/sub 6/ assay with 1 percent precision for international safeguards. Part 1: product and feed in 1S and 2S sample cylinders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ricci, E.

    1981-06-15

    The method is based on counting the 186-keV gamma rays emitted by /sup 235/U using a Pb-collimated Ge(Li) detector. Measurements of fifty UF/sub 6/ product and feed cylinders reveal the following precisions and counting times: Product - 2S, 0.98% (600 s); Feed - 2S, 0.48% (2500 s); Product - 1S, 0.62% (1000 s); Feed - 1S, 0.73% (3000 s). A 1% precision is desired for variables - attributes verification measurements of /sup 235/U assay in UF/sub 6/ sample cylinders for safeguards inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Statistically, these measurements stand between fine, high-precision (or variables) measurements and gross, low-precision (or attributes) ones. Because of their intermediate precisions, the variables-attributes measurements may not require analysis of all samples, and this could result in significant savings of IAEA inspector time. Although the precision of the above results is satisfactory, the average relative differences between gamma-ray and mass-spectrometric determinations for the last two sets of measurements (1S cylinders) have positive biases.

  6. Precision epoch of reionization studies with next-generation CMB experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calabrese, Erminia; Louis, Thibaut [Sub-department of Astrophysics, University of Oxford, Keble Road, Oxford, OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Hložek, Renée; Hil, J. Colin [Department of Astrophysical Science, Peyton Hall, 4 Ivy Lane, Princeton, NJ, 08544 (United States); Battaglia, Nick [McWilliams Center for Cosmology, Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213 (United States); Bond, J. Richard; Hajian, Amir [Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 60 St George Street, Toronto, ON, M5S 3H8 Canada (Canada); De Bernardis, Francesco; Henderson, Shawn; Niemack, Michael D. [Department of Physics, Cornell University, 109 Clark Hall, Ithaca, NY, 14853 (United States); Devlin, Mark J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, 209 South 33rd Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19104 (United States); Kosowsky, Arthur [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, 315 Allen Hall, Pittsburgh, PA, 15260 (United States); McMahon, Jeff [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, 450 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109 (United States); Moodley, Kavilan [Astrophysics and Cosmology Research Unit, School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Private Bag X54001, Durban, 4041 South Africa (South Africa); Newburgh, Laura [Dunlap Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George St., Toronto, ON, M5S 3H4 Canada (Canada); Page, Lyman A. [Joseph Henry Laboratories of Physics, Jadwin Hall, Princeton University, Washington Road, Princeton, NJ, 08544 (United States); Partridge, Bruce [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Haverford College, 370 Lancaster Avenue, Haverford, PA, 19041 (United States); Sehgal, Neelima, E-mail: erminia.calabrese@astro.ox.ac.uk, E-mail: rhlozek@astro.princeton.edu [Physics and Astronomy Department, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, 11794 (United States); and others

    2014-08-01

    Future arcminute resolution polarization data from ground-based Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) observations can be used to estimate the contribution to the temperature power spectrum from the primary anisotropies and to uncover the signature of reionization near ?=1500 in the small angular-scale temperature measurements. Our projections are based on combining expected small-scale E-mode polarization measurements from Advanced ACTPol in the range 300high multipoles to better than 1% accuracy. Assuming an efficient cleaning from multi-frequency channels of most foregrounds in the temperature data, we investigate the sensitivity to the only residual secondary component, the kinematic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (kSZ) term. The CMB polarization is used to break degeneracies between primordial and secondary terms present in temperature and, in effect, to remove from the temperature data all but the residual kSZ term. We estimate a 15? detection of the diffuse homogeneous kSZ signal from expected AdvACT temperature data at ?>1500, leading to a measurement of the amplitude of matter density fluctuations, ?{sub 8}, at 1% precision. Alternatively, by exploring the reionization signal encoded in the patchy kSZ measurements, we bound the time and duration of the reionization with ?(z{sub re})=1.1 and ?(?z{sub re})=0.2. We find that these constraints degrade rapidly with large beam sizes, which highlights the importance of arcminute-scale resolution for future CMB surveys.

  7. Development and optimization of high-throughput zebrafish screening platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koo, Bryan Kyo

    2010-01-01

    The high-throughput zebrafish screening platform is a revolutionary tool that enables subcellular precision in vivo whole animal screening of Danio Rerio. It can perform laser surgery and/or imaging in less than twenty ...

  8. Design, implementation and testing of extended and mixed precisionBLAS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, X.S.; Demmel, J.W.; Bailey, D.H.; Henry, G.; Hida, Y.; Iskandar, J.; Kahan, W.; Kapur, A.; Martin, M.C.; Tung, T.; Yoo, D.J.

    2000-10-20

    This article describes the design rationale, a C implementation, and conformance testing of a subset of the new Standard for the BLAS (Basic Linear Algebra Subroutines): Extended and Mixed Precision BLAS. Permitting higher internal precision and mixed input/output types and precisions allows us to implement some algorithms that are simpler, more accurate, and sometimes faster than possible without these features. The new BLAS are challenging to implement and test because there are many more subroutines than in the existing Standard, and because we must be able to assess whether a higher precision is used for internal computations than is used for either input or output variables. We have therefore developed an automated process of generating and systematically testing these routines. Our methodology is applicable to languages besides C. In particular, our algorithms used in the testing code will be valuable to all other BLAS implementors. Our extra precision routines achieve excellent performance--close to half of the machine peak Megaflop rate even for the Level 2 BLAS, when the data access is stride one.

  9. Fingerprinting the extended Higgs sector using one-loop corrected Higgs boson couplings and future precision measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kanemura, Shinya; Yagyu, Kei

    2015-01-01

    We calculate radiative corrections to a full set of coupling constants for the 125 GeV Higgs boson at the one-loop level in two Higgs doublet models with four types of Yukawa interaction under the softly-broken discrete $Z_2$ symmetry. The renormalization calculations are performed in the on-shell scheme, in which the gauge dependence in the mixing parameter which appears in the previous calculation is consistently avoided. We first show the details of our renormalizaton scheme, and present the complete set of the analytic formulae of the renormalized couplings. We then numerically demonstrate how the inner parameters of the model can be extracted by the future precision measurements of these couplings at the high luminosity LHC and the International Linear Collider.

  10. Gene expression analysis of precision-cut human liver slices indicates stable expression of ADME-Tox related genes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elferink, M.G.L., E-mail: m.g.l.elferink@rug.nl [Department of Pharmacokinetics, Toxicology and Targeting, Groningen Research Institute for Pharmacy, University of Groningen (Netherlands); Olinga, P. [Department of Pharmacokinetics, Toxicology and Targeting, Groningen Research Institute for Pharmacy, University of Groningen (Netherlands); van Leeuwen, E.M.; Bauerschmidt, S.; Polman, J. [Molecular Design and Informatics, MSD, Oss (Netherlands); Schoonen, W.G. [Toxicology and Drug Disposition, MSD, Oss (Netherlands); Heisterkamp, S.H. [Biostatistics and Research Decision Sciences MSD, Oss (Netherlands); Bioinformatics Centre, University of Groningen (Netherlands); Groothuis, G.M.M. [Department of Pharmacokinetics, Toxicology and Targeting, Groningen Research Institute for Pharmacy, University of Groningen (Netherlands)

    2011-05-15

    In the process of drug development it is of high importance to test the safety of new drugs with predictive value for human toxicity. A promising approach of toxicity testing is based on shifts in gene expression profiling of the liver. Toxicity screening based on animal liver cells cannot be directly extrapolated to humans due to species differences. The aim of this study was to evaluate precision-cut human liver slices as in vitro method for the prediction of human specific toxicity by toxicogenomics. The liver slices contain all cell types of the liver in their natural architecture. This is important since drug-induced toxicity often is a multi-cellular process. Previously we showed that toxicogenomic analysis of rat liver slices is highly predictive for rat in vivo toxicity. In this study we investigated the levels of gene expression during incubation up to 24 h with Affymetrix microarray technology. The analysis was focused on a broad spectrum of genes related to stress and toxicity, and on genes encoding for phase-I, -II and -III metabolizing enzymes and transporters. Observed changes in gene expression were associated with cytoskeleton remodeling, extracellular matrix and cell adhesion, but for the ADME-Tox related genes only minor changes were observed. PCA analysis showed that changes in gene expression were not associated with age, sex or source of the human livers. Slices treated with acetaminophen showed patterns of gene expression related to its toxicity. These results indicate that precision-cut human liver slices are relatively stable during 24 h of incubation and represent a valuable model for human in vitro hepatotoxicity testing despite the human inter-individual variability.

  11. Effective theory for the non-rigid rotor in an electromagnetic field: Toward accurate and precise calculations of E2 transitions in deformed nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pérez, E A Coello

    2015-01-01

    We present a model-independent approach to electric quadrupole transitions of deformed nuclei. Based on an effective theory for axially symmetric systems, the leading interactions with electromagnetic fields enter as minimal couplings to gauge potentials, while subleading corrections employ gauge-invariant non-minimal couplings. This approach yields transition operators that are consistent with the Hamiltonian, and the power counting of the effective theory provides us with theoretical uncertainty estimates. We successfully test the effective theory in homonuclear molecules that exhibit a large separation of scales. For ground-state band transitions of rotational nuclei, the effective theory describes data well within theoretical uncertainties at leading order. In order to probe the theory at subleading order, data with higher precision would be valuable. For transitional nuclei, next-to-leading order calculations and the high-precision data are consistent within the theoretical uncertainty estimates. We also...

  12. Hinode Calibration for Precise Image Co-alignment between SOT and XRT (November 2006 -- April 2007)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toshifumi Shimizu; Yukio Katsukawa; Keiichi Matsuzaki; Kiyoshi Ichimoto; Ryohei Kano; Edward E. DeLuca; Loraine L. Lundquist; Mark A. Weber; Theodore D. Tarbell; Richard A. Shine; Mitsuru Soma; Saku Tsuneta; Taro Sakao; Kenji Minesugi

    2007-09-26

    To understand the physical mechanisms for activity and heating in the solar atmosphere, the magnetic coupling from the photosphere to the corona is an important piece of information from the Hinode observations, and therefore precise positional alignment is required among the data acquired by different telescopes. The Hinode spacecraft and its onboard telescopes were developed to allow us to investigate magnetic coupling with co-alignment accuracy better than 1 arcsec. Using the Mercury transit observed on 8 November 2006 and co-alignment measurements regularly performed on a weekly basis, we have determined the information necessary for precise image co-alignment and have confirmed that co-alignment better than 1 arcsec can be realized between Solar Optical Telescope (SOT) and X-Ray Telescope (XRT) with our baseline co-alignment method. This paper presents results from the calibration for precise co-alignment of CCD images from SOT and XRT.

  13. Precision Nanoparticles

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    John Hemminger

    2010-01-08

    A revolutionary technology that efficiently produces nanoparticles in uniform and prescribed sizes (1-100 nanometers) using supercritical fluids. INL researcher Robert Fox was joined by Idaho State University researchers Rene Rodriquez and Joshua Pak in d

  14. On the Complexity of an Accurate and Precise Performance Evaluation of Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    On the Complexity of an Accurate and Precise Performance Evaluation of Wireless Networks Using-marie.gorce@insa-lyon.fr ABSTRACT In wireless multi-hop networks, there is a growing need for the per- formance evaluation I.6.7 [Simulation Support Systems]: Environments; C.2.1 [Network Architecture and Design]: Wireless

  15. Is precise discrimination of low level motion needed for heading discrimination?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaina, Lucia M.

    Is precise discrimination of low level motion needed for heading discrimination? Constance S be that this aspect of heading perception is more reliant on low level motion perception. Another aspect of heading judgments on low level motion perception and the relationship between heading and scene reconstruction, we

  16. Trading Computation & Precision for Energy in Wireless Sensor Networks with Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalpakis, Konstantinos

    Trading Computation & Precision for Energy in Wireless Sensor Networks with Applications, and how we affect our environment. The limited energy of those sensors poses the challenge of using such systems in an energy efficient man- ner to perform various activities. In many of these activi- ties

  17. Precision Stabilization Simulation of a Ball Joint Gimbaled Mirror Using Advanced MATLAB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernandez, Orlando

    Precision Stabilization Simulation of a Ball Joint Gimbaled Mirror Using Advanced MATLAB, they suffer from the common problems of weight and power requirements, and mechanical envelope constraints gimbaled mirror using advanced MATLAB tools and packages. 1. Introduction Our goal in this work

  18. Precise half-life measurement of the superallowed beta(+) emitter (38)K(m) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ball, G. C.; Boisvert, G.; Bricault, P.; Churchman, R.; Dombsky, M.; Lindner, T.; Macdonald, J. A.; Vandervoort, E.; Bishop, S.; D'Auria, J. M.; Hardy, John C.; Iacob, V. E.; Leslie, J. R.; Mak, H. -B.

    2010-01-01

    The half-life of (38)K(m) has been measured to be 924.46(14) ms, a result that is a factor of two more precise than any of the five previous measurements of this quantity. The previous results are not consistent with one another, but our result...

  19. Precise half-life measurement of the superallowed beta(+) emitter (10)C 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iacob, V. E.; Hardy, John C.; Golovko, V.; Goodwin, J.; Nica, N.; Park, H. I.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.

    2008-01-01

    The half-life of (10)C has been measured to be 19.310(4) s, a result with 0.02% precision, which is a factor of three improvement over the best previous result. Since (10)C is the lightest superallowed 0(+)-> 0(+) beta(+) emitter, its ft value has...

  20. Integrated mechatronic design of precision and energy saving electro-hydraulic systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Bin

    - 360 - Integrated mechatronic design of precision and energy saving electro-hydraulic systems Bin-hydraulics. The paper presents an integrated mechatronic design approach ­ seamless integration of advanced control simultaneously. The proposed integrated mechatronic design philosophy will be illustrated through recent research

  1. Precise Register Allocation for Irregular Architectures Timothy Kong and Kent D. Wilken

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    that minimizes the amount of spill code. Global register allocation analyzes the entire function at oncePrecise Register Allocation for Irregular Architectures Timothy Kong and Kent D. Wilken Dept-register architectures which is based on 0-1 integer programming (IP). Prior work shows that IP register allocation

  2. Complementarity between nonstandard Higgs boson searches and precision Higgs boson measurements in the MSSM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Complementarity between nonstandard Higgs boson searches and precision Higgs boson measurements of the Higgs boson properties at the LHC provide relevant constraints on possible weak-scale extensions seem to suggest that all the additional, non-SM-like Higgs bosons should be heavy, with masses larger

  3. On a Theory of Precise Neural Control in a Noisy System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waxman, David

    On a Theory of Precise Neural Control in a Noisy System Wenlian Lu, Shun-ichi Amari, Jianfeng Feng, and David Waxman Abstract In this paper, we introduce a novel computational paradigm based on modern control and optimization theory and biological observations. We investigate the `minimum-variance principle

  4. RESEARCH Open Access Accuracy and precision of end-expiratory lung-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RESEARCH Open Access Accuracy and precision of end-expiratory lung- volume measurements , Gilles Bernardin2 and Laurent Brochard1,9,10 Abstract Introduction: End-expiratory lung volume (EELV in lung volume above functional residual capacity measured with passive spirometry (PEEP

  5. The Precision and Energetic Cost of Snapshot Estimates in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the estimate and (2) in the reporting of the sample data via wireless networking. The energy requiredThe Precision and Energetic Cost of Snapshot Estimates in Wireless Sensor Networks Paul G. Flikkema, the design space of wireless sensor networks is enormous, and traditional disciplinary boundaries

  6. Light Scattering Spectroscopy: A New Method for Precise Determination of Atomic Matrix Elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Havey, M D

    2015-01-01

    A new approach to precise determination of atomic matrix elements is described whereby measurement of spectral locations of zeros in the Rayleigh scattering cross-section allows frequency-domain extraction of matrix elements in terms of a fiducial quantity. Illustrations are made for scattering off the ground state in Li and Cs.

  7. University of Alberta Expression Data Flow Graph: Precise Flow-Sensitive Pointer Analysis for C Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amaral, José Nelson

    University of Alberta Expression Data Flow Graph: Precise Flow-Sensitive Pointer Analysis for C Thiessen Fall 2011 Edmonton, Alberta Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other

  8. Computing Bounded -Reach Set with Finite Precision Computations for a Class of Linear Hybrid Automata

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liberzon, Daniel

    variable finite pre- cision numerical approximations. We present an algorithm for computing it that uses. Categories and Subject Descriptors G.M [Mathematics of Computing]: Miscellaneous General Terms Theory. In this paper we address the problem of computing with variable finite precision numer- ical schemes. We show

  9. The HARPSS Process for Fabrication of Nano-Precision Silicon Electromechanical Resonators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayazi, Farrokh

    The HARPSS Process for Fabrication of Nano-Precision Silicon Electromechanical Resonators Seong-Stiff electromechanical resonators are introduced and compared with their Ultra-Light counterparts. RF ultra acoustical coupling of individual electromechanical resonators [1-3], which are based on the flexural

  10. Scalable and Precise Taint Analysis for Android huangwe@google.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bystroff, Chris

    Scalable and Precise Taint Analysis for Android Wei Huang Google huangwe@google.com Yao Dong Ana a type-based taint analysis for Android. Con- cretely, we present DFlow, a context-sensitive information leaks in Android apps. We present novel techniques for error reporting based on CFL

  11. Scalable and Precise Taint Analysis for Android huangwe@google.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milanova, Ana

    Scalable and Precise Taint Analysis for Android Wei Huang Google huangwe@google.com Yao Dong Ana-based taint analysis for Android. Con- cretely, we present DFlow, a context-sensitive information flow type in Android apps. We present novel techniques for error reporting based on CFL-reachability, as well as novel

  12. Precision in multivariate optical computing Frederick G. Haibach and Michael L. Myrick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myrick, Michael Lenn

    Precision in multivariate optical computing Frederick G. Haibach and Michael L. Myrick Multivariate, the instrument implements a multivariate regression vector whose dot product with the spectrum yields a single-signal-limited performance of MOC instrumentation. These two general expressions are applied to the traditional multivariate

  13. Apparent precision of GPS radio occultation temperatures Paul W. Staten1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reichler, Thomas

    it to be somewhat lower than previous estimates. We attribute this to apparent precision being a function) is an innovative new limb sounding technique, making use of radio signal delays to derive vertical profiles, globally distributed temperature measurements each day, at a cost per measurement only a fraction

  14. SUMMARY OF NIST PRECISION MEASUREMENT GRANTS Recipient Title of Grant Dates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    masers 1973-1975 Brij M. Khorana University of Notre Dame Quantum properties of liquid helium Hans A using new fast excited one-electron ion pro- duction and detection techniques 1975-1977 Henry A. Hill. Fairbank, Jr. and George J. Collins Colorado State University Precision Doppler-free spectroscopy on helium

  15. On the Precision of Search Engines: Results from a Controlled Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulm, Universität

    , conventional, non-semantic search engines index and rank web pages [3]. When a user enters a search queryOn the Precision of Search Engines: Results from a Controlled Experiment Hasan Girit, Robert, search engines adopt a key role. Besides conventional search engines such as Google, semantic search

  16. Questioning Precision: Discourse Ethics and the Recognition of Noncombatants in Drone Warfare

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huntington, Terilyn Johnston

    2014-12-31

    with subversive discourses that would allow for the voices of noncombatants who have been victimized by drone warfare to be included within the public sphere. Thus, this thesis questions the prevalent utilization of precision-based weaponry that fails to recognize...

  17. 562 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTERS, VOL. 31,NO. 5, MAY 1988 Implementing Precise Interrupts in Pipelined

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hsien-Hsin "Sean"

    in pipelined processors. An interrupt is precise if the saved process state corresponds with a sequential model process is typically saved by the hardware, the software, or by a combinationof the two. The process state generally consists of the program counter, registers, and memory. If the saved process state is consistent

  18. Formal and Precise Derivation of the Green Functions for a Simple Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2 + V (r) #19; #27;(r; E) = E#27;(r; E) ; (1.4) as their basic source of information. The di#11Formal and Precise Derivation of the Green Functions for a Simple Potential R. de la Madrid #3;yz March 15, 2001 Abstract In formal scattering theory, Green functions are obtained as solutions of a dis

  19. A PRECISE POSITION AND ATTITUDE DETERMINATION SYSTEM FOR LIGHTWEIGHT UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behnke, Sven

    A PRECISE POSITION AND ATTITUDE DETERMINATION SYSTEM FOR LIGHTWEIGHT UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES.wieland)@igg.uni-bonn.de, heiner.kuhlmann@uni-bonn.de KEY WORDS: Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, Direct Georeferencing, RTK-GPS, IMU, Extended Kalman Filtering, Real Time Operating System ABSTRACT: In many unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV

  20. Superallowed 0(+)-> 0(+) nuclear beta decays: A new survey with precision tests of the conserved vector current hypothesis and the standard model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hardy, John C.; Towner, I. S.

    2009-01-01

    A new critical survey is presented of all half-life, decay-energy, and branching-ratio measurements related to 20 superallowed 0(+)-> 0(+)beta decays. Compared with our last review, there are numerous improvements: First, we have added 27 recently published measurements and eliminated 9 references, either because they have been superseded by much more precise modern results or because there are now reasons to consider them fatally flawed...of particular importance, the new data include a number of high-precision Penning-trap measurements of decay energies. Second, we have used the recently improved isospin symmetry-breaking corrections, which were motivated by these new Penning-trap results. Third, our calculation of the statistical rate function f now accounts for possible excitation in the daughter atom, a small effect but one that merits inclusion at the present level of experimental precision. Finally, we have re-examined the systematic uncertainty associated with the isospin symmetry-breaking corrections by evaluating the radial-overlap correction using Hartree-Fock radial wave functions and comparing the results with our earlier calculations, which used Saxon-Woods wave functions... survey, although the new value of V(ud) is statistically consistent with the old one. From these data we also set limits on the possible existence of scalar interactions, right-hand currents, and extra Z bosons. Finally, we discuss the priorities...

  1. A new model of field-aligned currents derived from high-precision satellite magnetic field data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michigan, University of

    Meteorological Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark Received 10 October 2001; revised 20 December 2001; accepted 28 from the Sun to Earth's environment is the currents flowing along magnetic field lines between the magnetopause and the upper atmosphere in the polar regions, transporting significant energy and momentum from

  2. Acrylic Target Vessels for a High-Precision Measurement of theta13 with the Daya Bay Antineutrino Detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. R. Band; R. Brown; J. Cherwinka; J. Cao; Y. Chang; B. Edwards; W. S. He; K. M. Heeger; Y. Heng; T. H. Ho; Y. B. Hsiung; L. Greenler; S. H. Kettell; C. Lewis; K. B. Luk; X. Li; B. R. Littlejohn; A. Pagac; C. H. Wang; W. Wang; Y. Wang; T. Wise; Q. Xiao; M. Yeh; H. Zhuang

    2012-02-10

    This paper describes in detail the acrylic target vessels used to encapsulate the target and gamma catcher regions in the Daya Bay experiment's first pair of antineutrino detectors. We give an overview of the design, fabrication, shipping, and installation of the acrylic target vessels and their liquid overflow tanks. The acrylic quality assurance program and vessel characterization, which measures all geometric, optical, and material properties relevant to {\

  3. OPTICAL TIMING RECEIVER FOR THE NASA SPACEBORNE RANGING SYSTEM, PART II: HIGH PRECISION EVENT-TIMING DIGITIZER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leskovar, B.

    2011-01-01

    1975. M. W. Fitzmaurice, NASA Ground-Based and Space-Based Laser Ranging Systems NASA Technical Paper 1149,Bandwidth Photomultipliers, NASA Technical Memorandum 72028,

  4. High-precision structural analysis of subnuclear complexes in fixed and live cells via spatially modulated illumination (SMI) microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rippe, Karsten

    interface LED light-emitting diode OL oil-immersion objective lens OTF optical transfer function PSF point

  5. Ultra-narrow-linewidth combined CW Ti:Sapphire/Dye laser for atom cooling and high-precision spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kobtsev, Sergei M.

    -Mirror Periscope Small mirror/ fast PZT Dye-Nozzle Assembly 1 2 3 4 6 5 AE 7 8 PD L FR BF P P E2 E1 Universality

  6. Precision Irrigators Network: On-Farm Research Demonstration to Evaluate Irrigation Scheduling Tools in the Wintergarden and Texas High Plains 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piccinni, Giovanni; Leskovar, Daniel; Harman, Wyatte; Marek, Thomas; Harris, B.L.

    2009-01-01

    between 0 and 50 represents wet soil and plentiful moisture conditions. Soil moisture values near 150 to 200 represents extremely dry soil moisture conditions. CroPMan Crop Evapotranspiration and Crop Simulation Models Located online at: http... involved in the Wintergarden. An additional 5 growers were involved in vegetable crop demonstrations for monitoring soil moisture, but these growers were not subject to modeling. - 11 - Data collected from on-farm research demonstrations for row...

  7. Design and manufacturing of high precision roll-to-roll multi-layer printing machine : measurement and experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Wenzhuo, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01

    In 2008, a prototype machine demonstrating the application of roll-to-roll technology in micro-contact printing was developed. In this research, the prototype machine was upgraded by designing and machining a device that ...

  8. Digital laser frequency control and phase stabilization loops for a high precision space-borne metrology system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hechenblaikner, Gerald; Kersten, Michael; Danzmann, Karsten; Garcia, Antonio; Heinzel, Gerhard; Nofrarias, Miquel; Steier, Frank; 10.1109/JQE.2011.2108637

    2012-01-01

    We report on the design, implementation and characterization of fully digital control loops for laser frequency stabilization, differential phase-locking and performance optimization of the optical metrology system on-board the LISA Pathfinder space mission. The optical metrology system consists of a laser with modulator, four Mach-Zehnder interferometers, a phase-meter and a digital processing unit for data analysis. The digital loop design has the advantage of easy and flexible controller implementation and loop calibration, automated and flexible locking and resetting, and improved performance over analogue circuitry. Using the practical ability of our system to modulate the laser frequency allows us to accurately determine the open loop transfer function and other system properties. Various noise sources and their impact on system performance are investigated in detail.

  9. Using Automated, High-Precision Repicking to Improve Delineation of Microseismic Structures at the Soultz Geothermal Reservoir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at the Soultz Geothermal Reservoir C.A. Rowe*1 , R.C. Aster1 , W.S. Phillips2 , R.H.Jones3 , B.Borchers4 and M seismicity at the Soultz-sous-Forets geothermal site, France. The method is first applied to a small to future velocity model refinements. ^ #12;3 INTRODUCTION The Soultz-sous-Forets geothermal field

  10. Precision in-plane hand assembly of bulk microfabricated components for high-voltage MEMS arrays applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akinwande, Akintunde Ibitayo

    This paper reports the design and experimental validation of an in-plane assembly method for centimeter-scale bulk-microfabricated components. The method uses mesoscaled deep-reactive-ion-etching (DRIE)-patterned cantilevers ...

  11. Optimizing the coffee experience by developing a user-centered, internet connected, high precision coffee machine and integrated system experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuempel, Jeremy (Jeremy J.)

    2011-01-01

    The current state of coffee production is reviewed; from the origins of the plant grown to modem coffee brew techniques. Initial experiments are reported in which coffee was brewed at different temperatures for different ...

  12. Controller design and implementation for a 6-degree-of-freedom magnetically levitated positioner with high precision 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Ho

    2005-11-01

    are controlled by magnetic forces only. The platen is regarded a pure mass system, and the spring and damping coefficients are neglected except for the vertical directions. Single-input single-output (SISO) digital lead-lag controllers are designed...

  13. High-precision U/Pb geochronology of large igneous provinces and mass extinctions : testing coincidence and causation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgess, Seth Douglas

    2014-01-01

    The history of life on Earth is punctuated by mass extinction, the cause of which has often been attributed to rapid changes in global climate and/or ocean chemistry that are inferred to accompany the eruption of large ...

  14. Precision Measurement of the Longitudinal Double-spin Asymmetry for Inclusive Jet Production in Polarized Proton Collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STAR Collaboration; L. Adamczyk; J. K. Adkins; G. Agakishiev; M. M. Aggarwal; Z. Ahammed; I. Alekseev; J. Alford; C. D. Anson; A. Aparin; D. Arkhipkin; E. C. Aschenauer; G. S. Averichev; A. Banerjee; D. R. Beavis; R. Bellwied; A. Bhasin; A. K. Bhati; P. Bhattarai; H. Bichsel; J. Bielcik; J. Bielcikova; L. C. Bland; I. G. Bordyuzhin; W. Borowski; J. Bouchet; A. V. Brandin; S. G. Brovko; S. Bultmann; I. Bunzarov; T. P. Burton; J. Butterworth; H. Caines; M. Calderon de la Barca Sanchez; J. M. Campbell; D. Cebra; R. Cendejas; M. C. Cervantes; P. Chaloupka; Z. Chang; S. Chattopadhyay; H. F. Chen; J. H. Chen; L. Chen; J. Cheng; M. Cherney; A. Chikanian; W. Christie; J. Chwastowski; M. J. M. Codrington; G. Contin; J. G. Cramer; H. J. Crawford; A. B. Cudd; X. Cui; S. Das; A. Davila Leyva; L. C. De Silva; R. R. Debbe; T. G. Dedovich; J. Deng; A. A. Derevschikov; R. Derradi de Souza; S. Dhamija; B. di Ruzza; L. Didenko; C. Dilks; F. Ding; P. Djawotho; X. Dong; J. L. Drachenberg; J. E. Draper; C. M. Du; L. E. Dunkelberger; J. C. Dunlop; L. G. Efimov; J. Engelage; K. S. Engle; G. Eppley; L. Eun; O. Evdokimov; O. Eyser; R. Fatemi; S. Fazio; J. Fedorisin; P. Filip; E. Finch; Y. Fisyak; C. E. Flores; C. A. Gagliardi; D. R. Gangadharan; D. Garand; F. Geurts; A. Gibson; M. Girard; S. Gliske; L. Greiner; D. Grosnick; D. S. Gunarathne; Y. Guo; A. Gupta; S. Gupta; W. Guryn; B. Haag; A. Hamed; L. -X. Han; R. Haque; J. W. Harris; S. Heppelmann; A. Hirsch; G. W. Hoffmann; D. J. Hofman; S. Horvat; B. Huang; H. Z. Huang; X. Huang; P. Huck; T. J. Humanic; G. Igo; W. W. Jacobs; H. Jang; E. G. Judd; S. Kabana; D. Kalinkin; K. Kang; K. Kauder; H. W. Ke; D. Keane; A. Kechechyan; A. Kesich; Z. H. Khan; D. P. Kikola; I. Kisel; A. Kisiel; D. D. Koetke; T. Kollegger; J. Konzer; I. Koralt; L. K. Kosarzewski; L. Kotchenda; A. F. Kraishan; P. Kravtsov; K. Krueger; I. Kulakov; L. Kumar; R. A. Kycia; M. A. C. Lamont; J. M. Landgraf; K. D. Landry; J. Lauret; A. Lebedev; R. Lednicky; J. H. Lee; M. J. LeVine; C. Li; W. Li; X. Li; X. Li; Y. Li; Z. M. Li; M. A. Lisa; F. Liu; T. Ljubicic; W. J. Llope; M. Lomnitz; R. S. Longacre; X. Luo; G. L. Ma; Y. G. Ma; D. M. M. D. Madagodagettige Don; D. P. Mahapatra; R. Majka; S. Margetis; C. Markert; H. Masui; H. S. Matis; D. McDonald; T. S. McShane; N. G. Minaev; S. Mioduszewski; B. Mohanty; M. M. Mondal; D. A. Morozov; M. K. Mustafa; B. K. Nandi; Md. Nasim; T. K. Nayak; J. M. Nelson; G. Nigmatkulov; L. V. Nogach; S. Y. Noh; J. Novak; S. B. Nurushev; G. Odyniec; A. Ogawa; K. Oh; A. Ohlson; V. Okorokov; E. W. Oldag; D. L. Olvitt Jr.; M. Pachr; B. S. Page; S. K. Pal; Y. X. Pan; Y. Pandit; Y. Panebratsev; T. Pawlak; B. Pawlik; H. Pei; C. Perkins; W. Peryt; P. Pile; M. Planinic; J. Pluta; N. Poljak; K. Poniatowska; J. Porter; A. M. Poskanzer; N. K. Pruthi; M. Przybycien; P. R. Pujahari; J. Putschke; H. Qiu; A. Quintero; S. Ramachandran; R. Raniwala; S. Raniwala; R. L. Ray; C. K. Riley; H. G. Ritter; J. B. Roberts; O. V. Rogachevskiy; J. L. Romero; J. F. Ross; A. Roy; L. Ruan; J. Rusnak; O. Rusnakova; N. R. Sahoo; P. K. Sahu; I. Sakrejda; S. Salur; J. Sandweiss; E. Sangaline; A. Sarkar; J. Schambach; R. P. Scharenberg; A. M. Schmah; W. B. Schmidke; N. Schmitz; J. Seger; P. Seyboth; N. Shah; E. Shahaliev; P. V. Shanmuganathan; M. Shao; B. Sharma; W. Q. Shen; S. S. Shi; Q. Y. Shou; E. P. Sichtermann; R. N. Singaraju; M. J. Skoby; D. Smirnov; N. Smirnov; D. Solanki; P. Sorensen; H. M. Spinka; B. Srivastava; T. D. S. Stanislaus; J. R. Stevens; R. Stock; M. Strikhanov; B. Stringfellow; M. Sumbera; X. Sun; X. M. Sun; Y. Sun; Z. Sun; B. Surrow; D. N. Svirida; T. J. M. Symons; M. A. Szelezniak; J. Takahashi; A. H. Tang; Z. Tang; T. Tarnowsky; J. H. Thomas; A. R. Timmins; D. Tlusty; M. Tokarev; S. Trentalange; R. E. Tribble; P. Tribedy; B. A. Trzeciak; O. D. Tsai; J. Turnau; T. Ullrich; D. G. Underwood; G. Van Buren; G. van Nieuwenhuizen; M. Vandenbroucke; J. A. Vanfossen Jr.; R. Varma; G. M. S. Vasconcelos; A. N. Vasiliev; R. Vertesi; F. Videbæk; Y. P. Viyogi; S. Vokal; A. Vossen; M. Wada; F. Wang; G. Wang; H. Wang; J. S. Wang; X. L. Wang; Y. Wang; Y. Wang; G. Webb; J. C. Webb; G. D. Westfall; H. Wieman; S. W. Wissink; R. Witt; Y. F. Wu; Z. Xiao; W. Xie; K. Xin; H. Xu; J. Xu; N. Xu; Q. H. Xu; Y. Xu; Z. Xu; W. Yan; C. Yang; Y. Yang; Y. Yang; Z. Ye; P. Yepes; L. Yi; K. Yip; I. -K. Yoo; N. Yu; Y. Zawisza; H. Zbroszczyk; W. Zha; J. B. Zhang; J. L. Zhang; S. Zhang; X. P. Zhang; Y. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; F. Zhao; J. Zhao; C. Zhong; X. Zhu; Y. H. Zhu; Y. Zoulkarneeva; M. Zyzak

    2014-05-20

    We report a new high-precision measurement of the mid-rapidity inclusive jet longitudinal double-spin asymmetry, $A_{LL}$, in polarized $pp$ collisions at center-of-mass energy $\\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV. The STAR data place stringent constraints on polarized parton distribution functions extracted at next-to-leading order from global analyses of inclusive deep inelastic scattering (DIS), semi-inclusive DIS, and RHIC $pp$ data. The measured asymmetries provide evidence for positive gluon polarization in the Bjorken-$x$ region $x>0.05$.

  15. Some practical limits on achievable precision of determination of nuclear-physics parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. M. Sukhovoj; V. A. Khitrov

    2011-05-24

    The status of experiments on determination of level density and partial widths of the nuclear reaction products emission in diapason of nucleon binding energy is presented. There are analyzed the sources and magnitude of probable systematical uncertainties of their determination. The maximally achievable precision of these parameters is estimated, as well. There is considered ability of new method for determination of distribution parameters of neutron resonances reduced widths in order to distinguish their groups with the same structure of wave functions. It was obtained in both cases that the insufficient value of maximally achievable precision of the parameters of the experimental data analysis does not allow one to obtain reliable and detailed information on the studied nuclear properties -- its entropy, strength functions of nuclear products emission and dominant level structure above 0.5Bn.

  16. Precise measurement of the $W$-boson mass with the CDF II detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aaltonen, T.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Apollinari, G.; Appel, J.A.; Arisawa, T.; Artikov, A.; /Dubna, JINR /Texas A-M

    2012-03-01

    We have measured the W-boson mass M{sub W} using data corresponding to 2.2 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV with the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. Samples consisting of 470 126 W {yields} e{nu} candidates and 624 708 W {yields} {mu}{nu} candidates yield the measurement M{sub W} = 80 387 {+-} 12{sub stat} {+-} 15{sub syst} = 80 387 {+-} 19 MeV/c{sup 2}. This is the most precise measurement of the W-boson mass to date and significantly exceeds the precision of all previous measurements combined.

  17. Piping inspection instrument carriage with precise and repeatable position control and location determination

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hapstack, M.; Talarek, T.R.; Zollinger, W.T.; Heckendorn, F.M. II; Park, L.R.

    1994-02-15

    An instrument carriage for inspection of piping comprises front and rear leg assemblies for engaging the interior of the piping and supporting and centering the carriage therein, and an instrumentation arm carried by a shaft system running from the front to rear leg assemblies. The shaft system has a screw shaft for moving the arm axially and a spline gear for moving the arm azimuthally. The arm has a pair of air cylinders that raise and lower a plate in the radial direction. On the plate are probes including an eddy current probe and an ultrasonic testing probe. The ultrasonic testing probe is capable of spinning 360[degree] about its axis. The instrument carriage uses servo motors and pressurized air cylinders for precise actuation of instrument components and precise, repeatable actuation of position control mechanisms. 8 figures.

  18. Piping inspection instrument carriage with precise and repeatable position control and location determination

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hapstack, Mark (North Augusta, SC); Talarek, Ted R. (Augusta, GA); Zollinger, W. Thor (Martinez, GA); Heckendorn, II, Frank M. (Alken, SC); Park, Larry R. (North Augusta, SC)

    1994-01-01

    An instrument carriage for inspection of piping comprises front and rear leg assemblies for engaging the interior of the piping and supporting and centering the carriage therein, and an instrumentation arm carried by a shaft system running from the front to rear leg assemblies. The shaft system has a screw shaft for moving the arm axially and a spline gear for moving the arm azimuthally. The arm has a pair of air cylinders that raise and lower a plate in the radial direction. On the plate are probes including an eddy current probe and an ultrasonic testing probe. The ultrasonic testing probe is capable of spinning 360.degree. about its axis. The instrument carriage uses servo motors and pressurized air cylinders for precise actuation of instrument components and precise, repeatable actuation of position control mechanisms.

  19. Expected Precision of Higgs Boson Partial Widths within the Standard Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Peter Lepage; Paul B. Mackenzie; Michael E. Peskin

    2015-04-22

    We discuss the sources of uncertainty in calculations of the partial widths of the Higgs boson within the Standard Model. The uncertainties come from two sources: the truncation of perturbation theory and the uncertainties in input parameters. We review the current status of perturbative calculations and note that these are already reaching the parts-per-mil level of accuracy for the major decay modes. The main sources of uncertainty will then come from the parametric dependences on alpha_s, m_b, and m_c. Knowledge of these parameters is systematically improvable through lattice gauge theory calculations. We estimate the precision that lattice QCD will achieve in the next decade and the corresponding precision of the Standard Model predictions for Higgs boson partial widths.

  20. The role of low-energy observables in precision Higgs analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexey A. Petrov; Stefan Pokorski; James D. Wells; Zhengkang Zhang

    2015-04-01

    A conventional approach to precision calculations of Higgs boson observables uses quark masses $m_c$ and $m_b$ as inputs. However, quark masses are single numbers that hide a variety of low-energy data from which they are extracted, and also hide the various sources of theoretical uncertainties and correlations with additional input parameters such as $\\alpha_s$. Higher-precision calculations, which are needed to give meaning to future measurements, require more direct engagement with the low-energy data in a global analysis. We present an initial calculation in this direction, which illustrates the procedure and reveals some of the theory uncertainties that challenge subpercent determinations of Higgs boson partial widths.