National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for high growth investments

  1. Volatility and Growth: Credit Constraints and the Composition of Investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aghion, Philippe

    How does uncertainty and credit constraints affect the cyclical composition of investment and thereby volatility and growth? This paper addresses this question within a model where firms engage in two types of investment: ...

  2. From growth equity to leveraged buyout : making private equity investments in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Le, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01

    Private equity investments are divided into the five main categories: venture capital, mezzanine capital, growth equity, leveraged buyouts, and distressed investments. Currently in China, growth equity is the major type ...

  3. Smart Schools, Smart Growth: Investing in Education Facilities and Stronger Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruce Fuller; Jeffrey M. Vincent; Deborah McKoy; Ariel H. Bierbaum

    2009-01-01

    investments to equity, smart 4 Vincent, growth, and healthyfacilities in California. Hamden, CT: Department SmartSchools, Smart Growth of Economics, Quinnipiac University (

  4. Uncertain Growth Cycles, Corporate Investment, and Dynamic Hedging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yonce, Adam

    2010-01-01

    Chowdhry. Resources, real options, and corporate strategy.not exist in standard real option models: When invest- mentIn the theory of real options, uncertainty plays a crucial

  5. Global investments for sustainable growth in the wireless telecommunication industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matsuda, Osamu, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01

    Since its establishment in 1992, NTT DoCoMo had accomplished rapid growth by developing innovative strategies and meeting consumer demands. However, the population-based penetration rate of Japanese wireless phones now ...

  6. INVESTING IN HEALTH FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION: New perspectives and opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, Ophir

    W2 2 MI F H 6 0 h PROGRAMME INVESTING IN HEALTH FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION: New, and an increasingly complex developmental agenda that emphasizes debt and poverty reduction as a means to promote; integrating new health initiatives into a broader poverty reduction and development framework; and resolving

  7. Evaluating managerial adjustment to farm firm growth: an aplication to investments in sealed storage systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greathouse, Gregory John

    1976-01-01

    sources of managerial adjustment to investment in sealed storage systemst 2)to empirically measure the timing and magnitude of these adjustment factors~ 3)to evaluate the implications of these measures of firm growth and resulting liquidity position... with the sealed storage system included~ 1) labo~ savings, 2)reduced field losses, 3)milk production 'ncrease in about one-half of the cases, 4)increase in multiple fillings through time, 5)machinery changes, 6)different forage crops, 7)different forage...

  8. Wilton Park Conference WP674 INVESTING IN HEALTH FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION: NEW PERSPECTIVES AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, Ophir

    Wilton Park Conference WP674 INVESTING IN HEALTH FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION: NEW IN HEALTH FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION: NEW PERSPECTIVES AND OPPORTUNITIES 20 - 23 May 2002 health is seen as a critical pathway for addressing world poverty. At the 55th Session of the UN General

  9. Lighting Business Case -- A Report Analyzing Lighting Technology Opportunities with High Return on Investment Energy Savings for the Federal Sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, Carol C.; Richman, Eric E.

    2005-12-30

    This document analyzes lighting technology opportunities with high return on investment energy savings for the Federal sector.

  10. Smart Schools, Smart Growth: Investing in Education Facilities and Stronger Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuller, Bruce; Vincent, Jeffrey M; McKoy, Deborah L; Bierbaum, Ariel H

    2009-01-01

    smart growth principles by fostering a sense of place and buildingbuild from smart growth principles? Building schools nearshare the cost of building new schools. Smart Schools, Smart

  11. Zhengzhou High Tech Start up Investment | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuanWindey Wind GeneratingZhengzhou High Tech

  12. Economic Model For a Return on Investment Analysis of United States Government High Performance Computing (HPC) Research and Development (R & D) Investment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joseph, Earl C.; Conway, Steve; Dekate, Chirag

    2013-09-30

    This study investigated how high-performance computing (HPC) investments can improve economic success and increase scientific innovation. This research focused on the common good and provided uses for DOE, other government agencies, industry, and academia. The study created two unique economic models and an innovation index: 1 A macroeconomic model that depicts the way HPC investments result in economic advancements in the form of ROI in revenue (GDP), profits (and cost savings), and jobs. 2 A macroeconomic model that depicts the way HPC investments result in basic and applied innovations, looking at variations by sector, industry, country, and organization size. ? A new innovation index that provides a means of measuring and comparing innovation levels. Key findings of the pilot study include: IDC collected the required data across a broad set of organizations, with enough detail to create these models and the innovation index. The research also developed an expansive list of HPC success stories.

  13. Effective foreign investment in China : utilizing Taiwanese resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takeuchi, Isao, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01

    It is no doubt that China is expanding its market potential because of its high economic growth and its entry into the World Trade Organizations. This Chinese expansion owes a great deal to foreign direct investment from ...

  14. Dynamic modelling of generation capacity investment in electricity markets with high wind penetration 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eager, Daniel

    2012-06-25

    The ability of liberalised electricity markets to trigger investment in the generation capacity required to maintain an acceptable level of security of supply risk has been - and will continue to be - a topic of much ...

  15. Journal of Crystal Growth 304 (2007) 399401 Growth of high quality, epitaxial InSb nanowires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    2007-01-01

    Journal of Crystal Growth 304 (2007) 399­401 Growth of high quality, epitaxial InSb nanowires Hyun, Washington, DC. 20375, USA b School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology March 2007 Communicated by R.M. Biefeld Available online 1 April 2007 Abstract The growth of In

  16. The Cost-Effectiveness of Investments to Meet the Guiding Principles for High-Performance Sustainable Buildings on the PNNL Campus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cort, Katherine A.; Judd, Kathleen S.

    2014-08-29

    As part its campus sustainability efforts, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has invested in eight new and existing buildings to ensure they meet the U.S. Department of Energy’s requirements for high performance sustainable buildings (HPSB) at DOE sites. These investments are expected to benefit PNNL by reducing the total life-cycle cost of facilities, improving energy efficiency and water conservation, and making buildings safer and healthier for the occupants. This study examines the cost-effectiveness of the implementing measures that meet the criteria for HPSBs in 3 different types of buildings on the PNNL campus: offices, scientific laboratories, and data centers. In each of the three case studies examined the investments made to achieve HPSB status demonstrated a high return on the HPSB investments that have taken place in these varied environments. Simple paybacks for total investments in the three case study buildings ranged from just 2 to 5 years; savings-to-investment ratios all exceeded the desirable threshold of 1; and the net present values associated with these investments were all positive.

  17. Bulge growth through disk instabilities in high-redshift galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bournaud, Frederic

    2015-01-01

    The role of disk instabilities, such as bars and spiral arms, and the associated resonances, in growing bulges in the inner regions of disk galaxies have long been studied in the low-redshift nearby Universe. There it has long been probed observationally, in particular through peanut-shaped bulges. This secular growth of bulges in modern disk galaxies is driven by weak, non-axisymmetric instabilities: it mostly produces pseudo-bulges at slow rates and with long star-formation timescales. Disk instabilities at high redshift (z>1) in moderate-mass to massive galaxies (10^10 to a few 10^11 Msun of stars) are very different from those found in modern spiral galaxies. High-redshift disks are globally unstable and fragment into giant clumps containing 10^8-10^9 Msun of gas and stars each, which results in highly irregular galaxy morphologies. The clumps and other features associated to the violent instability drive disk evolution and bulge growth through various mechanisms, on short timescales. The giant clumps can...

  18. Metropolitan High-Technology Industry Growth in the Mid 1970s: Can Everyone Have a Slice of the High-Tech Pie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasmeier, Amy; Hall, Peter; Markusen, Ann R.

    1984-01-01

    such as crystal-growth technology. The second measure ,sustained economic growth (Office of Technology Assessmen t,TABLE 1 High Technology Industries Growth Performance, 1972-

  19. Energy Department Invests More than $20 Million to Advance Fuel...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    More than 20 Million to Advance Fuel Cell Technologies as New Report Shows Unprecedented Growth in Industry Energy Department Invests More than 20 Million to Advance Fuel Cell...

  20. Component Overpressure Growth and Characterization of High Resistivity...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    States Language: English Subject: 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; BRIDGMAN METHOD; CHARGE TRANSPORT; CRYSTAL GROWTH; RADIATION DETECTORS Word...

  1. Merchant transmission investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul L.

    2003-01-01

    We examine the performance attributes of a merchant transmission investment framework that relies on "market driven" transmission investment to provide the infrastructure to support competitive wholesale markets for ...

  2. Project Finance and Investments

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Plenary III: Project Finance and Investment Project Finance and Investments Chris Cassidy, National Business Renewable Energy Advisor, U.S. Department of Agriculture

  3. The Santa Clara Valley R & D Dillema: The Real Estate Industry and High Tech Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroll, Cynthia A.; Kimball, Linda M.

    1986-01-01

    Absorption . 57 VI. Evolving High Tech Demand for Space:Silicon Valley Job Growth within High Tech Sectors .. 64 TheOccupational Composition of High Tech Employment. 71 Santa

  4. Parasites shape the optimal investment in immunity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    arising from the allocation of resources to immune functions rather than to growth and reproduction the allocation of resources to growth versus immune function. In a field study on nestling great tits (Parus of investment in immunity as well as the optimal levels of resource allocation into immune functions

  5. Epitaxial growth of high quality WO3 thin films

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Leng, X.; Pereiro, J.; Strle, J.; Bollinger, A. T.; Bozovic, I.

    2015-09-09

    We have grown epitaxial WO3 films on various single-crystal substrates using radio-frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering. While pronounced surface roughness is observed in films grown on LaSrAlO4 substrates, films grown on YAlO3 substrates show atomically flat surfaces, as demonstrated by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements. The crystalline structure has been confirmed to be monoclinic by symmetric and skew-symmetric XRD. The dependence of the growth modes and the surface morphology on the lattice mismatch is discussed.

  6. TECHNICAL ADVANCE A high-throughput method for quantifying growth of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dangl, Jeff

    : Arabidopsis, resistance genes, Pseudomonas syringae, phytopathogenic bacteria, counting bacteria IntroductionTECHNICAL ADVANCE A high-throughput method for quantifying growth of phytopathogenic bacteria; email: dangl@email.unc.edu) Summary Measuring the growth of pathogenic bacteria in leaves is a mainstay

  7. Highly oriented, free-standing, superconducting NbN films growth on chemical vapor deposited graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raychaudhuri, Pratap

    Highly oriented, free-standing, superconducting NbN films growth on chemical vapor deposited oriented, free-standing, superconducting NbN films growth on chemical vapor deposited graphene Garima field of 33 T. In addition, we demonstrate a process for obtaining flexible, free-standing NbN films

  8. Starting an Investment Club 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Jason; Thompson, Bill; Polk, Wade

    2002-08-12

    An investment club is a group of people who learn about investments together and pool their money to purchase stocks or bonds. Learn how to start such a club, how to manage the tax aspects of joint investments, and how to benefit from club...

  9. Carbon investment funds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2007-01-15

    The report is a study of the development of funds to invest in the purchase of carbon credits. It takes a look at the growing market for carbon credits, the rise of carbon investment funds, and the current state of carbon investing. Topics covered in the report include: Overview of climate change, greenhouse gases, and the Kyoto Protocols. Analysis of the alternatives for reducing carbon emissions including nitrous oxide reduction, coal mine methane capture and carbon capture and storage; Discussion of the different types of carbon credits; Discussion of the basics of carbon trading; Evaluation of the current status of carbon investing; and Profiles of 37 major carbon investment funds worldwide.

  10. The agglomerative role of transportation investment : a comparative analysis of Portuguese and American high-speed rail proposals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Westrom, Ryan J. (Ryan Jeremy)

    2014-01-01

    This research uses a comparative analysis of High-Speed Rail (HSR) impacts from proposals in both Portugal and Illinois to understand the wider economic implications of these proposed transportation links and corollary ...

  11. Irreversibility, uncertainty and investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pindyck, Robert S.

    1990-01-01

    Most investment expenditures have two important characteristics. First, they are largely irreversible; the firm cannot disinvest, so the expenditures are sunk costs. Second, they can be delayed, allowing ...

  12. Patterns of transmission investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul L.

    2005-01-01

    This paper examines a number of issues associated with alternative analytical approaches for evaluating investments in electricity transmission infrastructure and alternative institutional arrangements to govern network ...

  13. Soil Aggregate Size Affects Phosphorus Desorption from Highly Weathered Soils and Plant Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Kessel, Chris

    Soil Aggregate Size Affects Phosphorus Desorption from Highly Weathered Soils and Plant Growth X of P around soil aggregates (Gunary et al., 1964; Linquist etfrom soil, understanding P desorption from soils may improve the precision of P diagnosis and fertilization recommendations. Many al., 1997

  14. Growth of highly oriented carbon nanotubes by plasma-enhanced hot filament chemical vapor deposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Z.P.; Xu, J.W.; Ren, Z.F.; Wang, J.H.; Siegal, M.P.; Provencio, P.N.

    1998-12-01

    Highly oriented, multiwalled carbon nanotubes were grown on polished polycrystalline and single crystal nickel substrates by plasma enhanced hot filament chemical vapor deposition at temperatures below 666 {degree}C. The carbon nanotubes range from 10 to 500 nm in diameter and 0.1 to 50 {mu}m in length depending on growth conditions. Acetylene is used as the carbon source for the growth of the carbon nanotubes and ammonia is used for dilution gas and catalysis. The plasma intensity, acetylene to ammonia gas ratio, and their flow rates, etc. affect the diameters and uniformity of the carbon nanotubes. {copyright} {ital 1998 American Institute of Physics.}

  15. Trade and Investment Perspectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riley, Shawn J.

    Why China? Trade and Investment Perspectives Jeanne Broad Director, International Trade Management Michigan exports to China) Chemicals $368 million Industrial machinery $347 million Computers and electronics $237 million Electrical Equipment $148 million Fabricated Metal Products $140 million Waste

  16. Patterns of Transmission Investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul

    2006-03-14

    influenced by uncertainty, contingency criteria and associated engineering reliability rules. I illustrate how the wholesale market and transmission investment frameworks have addressed these issues in England and Wales (E&W) since 1990 and in the PJM...

  17. Basic criteria for formation of growth twins in high stacking fault energy metals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, K. Y.; Zhang, X. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States) [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States); Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States); Bufford, D.; Chen, Y.; Liu, Y. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States); Wang, H. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States) [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States)

    2013-10-28

    Nanotwinned metals received significant interest lately as twin boundaries may enable simultaneous enhancement of strength, ductility, thermal stability, and radiation tolerance. However, nanotwins have been the privilege of metals with low-to-intermediate stacking fault energy (SFE). Recent scattered studies show that nanotwins could be introduced into high SFE metals, such as Al. In this paper, we examine several sputter-deposited, (111) textured Ag/Al, Cu/Ni, and Cu/Fe multilayers, wherein growth twins were observed in Al, Ni, and face-centered cubic (fcc) Fe. The comparisons lead to two important design criteria that dictate the introduction of growth twins in high SFE metals. The validity of these criteria was then examined in Ag/Ni multilayers. Furthermore, another twin formation mechanism in high SFE metals was discovered in Ag/Ni system.

  18. Tuning calcite morphology and growth acceleration by a rational design of highly stable protein-mimetics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Chunlong; Qi, Jiahui; Tao, Jinhui; Zuckermann, Ronald; De Yoreo, James J.

    2014-09-05

    In nature, proteins play a significant role in biomineral formation. One of the ultimate goals of bioinspired materials science is to develop highly stable synthetic molecules that mimic the function of these natural proteins by controlling crystal formation. Here, we demonstrate that both the morphology and the degree of acceleration or inhibition observed during growth of calcite in the presence of peptoids can be rationally tuned by balancing the electrostatic interactions (EI) and hydrophobic interactions (HI), with HI playing the dominant role. While either strong EI or HI inhibit growth and suppress (104) face expression, correlations between peptoid-crystal binding energies and observed changes in calcite growth indicate moderate EI allow peptoids to weakly adsorb while moderate HI cause disruption of surface-adsorbed water layers, leading to growth acceleration with retained expression of (104) faces. This study provides fundamental principles for designing peptoids as crystallization promoters, and offers a straightforward screening method based on macroscopic crystal morphology. Because peptoids are sequence-specific, highly stable, and easily synthesized, peptoid-enhanced crystallization offers a broad range of potential applications.

  19. Driving Demand for Home Energy Improvements: Motivating residential customers to invest in comprehensive upgrades that eliminate energy waste, avoid high utility bills, and spur the economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fuller, Merrian C.

    2010-09-20

    Policy makers and program designers in the U.S. and abroad are deeply concerned with the question of how to scale up energy efficiency to a level that is commensurate both to the scale of the energy and climate challenges we face, and to the potential for energy savings that has been touted for decades. When policy makers ask what energy efficiency can do, the answers usually revolve around the technical and economic potential of energy efficiency - they rarely hone in on the element of energy demand that matters most for changing energy usage in existing homes: the consumer. A growing literature is concerned with the behavioral underpinnings of energy consumption. We examine a narrower, related subject: How can millions of Americans be persuaded to divert valued time and resources into upgrading their homes to eliminate energy waste, avoid high utility bills, and spur the economy? With hundreds of millions of public dollars flowing into incentives, workforce training, and other initiatives to support comprehensive home energy improvements, it makes sense to review the history of these programs and begin gleaning best practices for encouraging comprehensive home energy improvements. Looking across 30 years of energy efficiency programs that targeted the residential market, many of the same issues that confronted past program administrators are relevant today: How do we cost-effectively motivate customers to take action? Who can we partner with to increase program participation? How do we get residential efficiency programs to scale? While there is no proven formula - and only limited success to date with reliably motivating large numbers of Americans to invest in comprehensive home energy improvements, especially if they are being asked to pay for a majority of the improvement costs - there is a rich and varied history of experiences that new programs can draw upon. Our primary audiences are policy makers and program designers - especially those that are relatively new to the field, such as the over 2,000 towns, cities, states, and regions who are recipients of American Reinvestment and Recovery Act funds for clean energy programs. This report synthesizes lessons from first generation programs, highlights emerging best practices, and suggests methods and approaches to use in designing, implementing, and evaluating these programs. We examined 14 residential energy efficiency programs, conducted an extensive literature review, interviewed industry experts, and surveyed residential contractors to draw out these lessons.

  20. Growth of Highly-Oriented Carbon Nanotubes by Plasma-Enhanced Hot Filament Chemical Vapor Deposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Z.P.; Provencio, P.N.; Ren, Z.F.; Siegal, M.P.; Wang, J.H.; Xu, J.W.

    1998-10-11

    Highly-oriented, multi-walled carbon nanotubes were grown on polished polycrystalline and single crystal nickel substrates by plasma enhanced hot filament chemical vapor deposition at temperatures below 666"C. The carbon nanotubes range from 10 to 500 nm in diameter and 0.1 to 50 pm in length depending on growth conditions. Acetylene is used as the carbon source for the growth of the carbon nanotubes and ammonia is used for dilution gas and catalysis. The plasma intensity, acetylene to ammonia gas ratio and their flow rates, etc. affect the diameters and uniformity of the carbon nanotubes. In summary, we synthesized large-area highly-oriented carbon nanotubes at temperatures below 666C by plasma-enhanced hot filament chemical vapor deposition. Acetylene gas is used to provide carbon for nanotube growth and ammonia gas is used for dilution and catalysis. Plasma intensity is critical in determining the nanotube aspect ratios (diameter and length), and range of both site and height distributions within a given film.

  1. Technology Investment Agreements | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Technology Investment Agreements Technology Investment Agreements Guidance Policy Flash 2006-31 - Technology Investment Agreements Financial Assistance Letter 2006-03 - Guidance...

  2. Exponential growth of ``snow molds'' at sub-zero temperatures: an explanation for high beneath-snow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    Exponential growth of ``snow molds'' at sub-zero temperatures: an explanation for high beneath organisms of the beneath-snow microbial community, ``snow molds'', exhibit robust exponential growth to -0.3°C for these snow molds vary from 22 to 330. Third, we derive an analytical equation

  3. Strategic framework for real estate investment in emerging markets : the case of commercial real estate in Bogotį, Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otįlora Castro, José Camilo

    2008-01-01

    Real estate investment is becoming increasingly international. Deregulation and integration of global capital markets, growth of emerging market economies, demographic trends in developed economies, and geopolitical and ...

  4. A study of the correlation between pre-IPO venture funds and founder characteristics with high-tech firm growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaheer, Safwan

    2008-01-01

    High-tech firms are among the fastest growing in the United States. The four industries with the most rapid growth -internet, software, semiconductors, and technology hardware - have almost doubled their share of industry ...

  5. Dynamic Long-Term Modelling of Generation Capacity Investment and Capacity Margins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eager, Dan; Hobbs, Benjamin; Bialek, Janusz

    2012-04-25

    is the mix and amount of generation investment over time in response to policies promoting high penetrations of variable output renewable power such as wind. Modelling the dynamics of merchant generation investment in market environments can inform the debate...

  6. Return on Investment from Academic Supercomputing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newby, Gregory B.

    ) on the Top 500 List Count and Publication Count (PuC), and · Model 2: Publication Count (PuC) as a function: Regression Analysis · Investment in high performance computing, as measured by entries on the Top 500 list.S. News and World Report rankings Independent variables · Top 500 List count and rank of entries o Mapped

  7. OPEC's investments and the international financial system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mattione, R.P.

    1985-01-01

    Few events of the past decade have affected the global economic and political landscape as much as the sharp increase in the price of oil in 1973-74 and again in 1979-80. The massive transfer of real resources from mostly Western oil-consuming nations to oil-producing countries, especially to members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, raised widespread fears that actions of OPEC nations could disrupt world financial markets, that oil markets and energy supplies would become unstable, and that a significant shift of political power would increase international tensions. In this study of how OPEC nations have used and learned to invest their wealth, Richard P. Mattione shows that the fears, have not in any significant way been realized. Mattione is the first to analyze in detail the size and distribution of the investments, their effects on the international financial system, and the motivations behind each OPEC member's investment strategy. Analyzing hard-to-find data from a variety of sources, he argues that investments in the United States and elsewhere have been motivated at least as much by conventional financial considerations - the need for liquidity, diversification, safety, and adequate rate of return - as by oil policy, development policy, or political considerations. He also traces the growth of these countries' abilities to absorb funds through internal development, their growing sophistication in financial planning and in moving Arab banks into international financial markets, and their mixed success in using aid to Third World countries to further their foreign policy goals. The book concludes with an analysis of the interplay of oil prices and policy, development needs, and financial strategies and their implication for the investments of each OPEC member in the 1980s. 33 tabs.

  8. Smarter finance for cleaner energy: open up master limited partnerships (MLPs) and real estate investment trusts (REITs) to renewable energy investment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mormann, Feliz; Reicher, Dan

    2012-11-15

    Master Limited Partnerships (MLPs) and Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs)—both well-established investment structures—should be opened up to renewable energy investment. MLPs and, more recently, REITs have a proven track record for promoting oil, gas, and other traditional energy sources. When extended to renewable energy projects these tools will help promote growth, move renewables closer to subsidy independence, and vastly broaden the base of investors in America’s energy economy. The extension of MLPs and REITs to renewables enjoys significant support from the investment and clean energy communities. In addition, MLPs for renewables also enjoy bipartisan political backing in Congress.

  9. Vapor-transport growth of high optical quality WSe{sub 2} monolayers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, Genevieve [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Wu, Sanfeng; Rivera, Pasqual; Finney, Joseph; Nguyen, Paul; Cobden, David H. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Xu, Xiaodong, E-mail: xuxd@uw.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)

    2014-10-01

    Monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides are atomically thin direct-gap semiconductors that show a variety of novel electronic and optical properties with an optically accessible valley degree of freedom. While they are ideal materials for developing optical-driven valleytronics, the restrictions of exfoliated samples have limited exploration of their potential. Here, we present a physical vapor transport growth method for triangular WSe{sub 2} sheets of up to 30 ?m in edge length on insulating SiO{sub 2} substrates. Characterization using atomic force microscopy and optical microscopy reveals that they are uniform, monolayer crystals. Low temperature photoluminescence shows well resolved and electrically tunable excitonic features similar to those in exfoliated samples, with substantial valley polarization and valley coherence. The monolayers grown using this method are therefore of high enough optical quality for routine use in the investigation of optoelectronics and valleytronics.

  10. Bounds on the growth of high Sobolev norms of solutions to nonlinear Schrödinger equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohinger, Vedran

    2011-01-01

    In this thesis, we study the growth of Sobolev norms of global solutions of solutions to nonlinear Schrödinger type equations which we can't bound from above by energy conservation. The growth of such norms gives a ...

  11. Technology Investment Roadmap 2012 -2017

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    Technology Investment Roadmap 2012 - 2017 20 February 2012 #12;2 Contents Introduction & Overview ............................................................................................ 8 Trend 3: Technology Enabled Learning .................................................................................................... 16 2. Technology enabled learning and teaching

  12. Perspectives on Real Estate Investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wendt, Paul F.

    1982-01-01

    quot;Perspectives on Real Estate Investment. " Februaryin Commercial Real Estate Including Rehabilitation: ImpactM. Babcock, Valuation of Real Estate (New York: McGraw Hill,

  13. Effects of High Nighttime Temperature and Role of Plant Growth Regulators on Growth, Development and Physiology of Rice Plants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammed, Abdul R.

    2010-07-14

    betaine (GB), and salicylic acid (SA), which play different roles in inducing thermo-tolerance in plants. High nighttime temperature had no effect on plant height, number of tillers and panicles, or rice net leaf photosynthetic rates. However, HNT...

  14. Factors influencing German private equity investment in US real estate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paelmo, Kay L. (Kay Lee), 1977-

    2003-01-01

    This thesis identifies and ranks in order of importance the key factors influencing high net-worth German investors' decisions about US real estate private equity investments. Through research and in-depth interviews with ...

  15. Nonlinear effects in collision cascades and high energy shock waves during ta-C:H growth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piazza, F.; Resto, O.; Morell, G. [Department of Physics, University of Puerto Rico, P.O. Box 23343, San Juan, 00931 (Puerto Rico)

    2007-07-01

    The surface topography of hydrogenated tetrahedral amorphous carbon (ta-C:H) is critical for various applications such as microelectromechanical devices, magnetic and optical storage devices, and medical implants. The surface topography of ta-C:H films deposited by distributed electron cyclotron resonance plasma from C{sub 2}H{sub 2} gas precursor was investigated. The effects of pressure, together with ion flux and energy, are studied by atomic force microscopy in relation to the structural evolution of the films. The results are compared with the predictions of the Edward-Wilkinson model [Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 44, 1039 (1966)] recently proposed to account for ta-C:H growth and with previous interpretations based on hypersonic shock waves. The random hillocks observed on the smooth surfaces of ta-C:H films deposited at high pressure are thought to result from the interference of high energy shock waves triggered by C{sub 4}H{sub x}{sup +} ions that produce overlapping collision cascades and induce nonlinear effects.

  16. Achieving high mobility ZnO:Al at very high growth rates by dc filtered cathodic arc deposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendelsberg, Rueben

    2013-01-01

    scale heating in cathodic arc plasma deposition. Appl. Phys.modest 25-70 A dc. The arc plasma was ?ltered using aenergy of the cathodic arc plasma is utilized for ?lm growth

  17. Management Forecast Quality and Capital Investment Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Theodore H.

    Corporate investment decisions require managers to forecast expected future cash flows from potential investments. Although these forecasts are a critical component of successful investing, they are not directly observable ...

  18. Isolation and cultivation of microalgae select for low growth rate and tolerance to high pH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isolation and cultivation of microalgae select for low growth rate and tolerance to high pH Terje microalgae, especially oceanic forms from stable pH environments (ca. pH 8.1 Ę 0.5) and large species et al., 2007). Because microalgae have species-specific differences in their upper pH tolerance

  19. Mixed-Mode, High-Cycle Fatigue-Crack Growth Thresholds in Ti-6Al-4V

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritchie, Robert

    and control of failure due to high cycle fatigue (HCF) in turbine engine components is currently one and Engineering University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-1760 ABSTRACT: There are few experimental results-cycle fatigue-crack growth thresholds with crack size and shape are reported for a Ti-6Al-4V turbine blade alloy

  20. Barriers to household investment in residential energy conservation: preliminary assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, W.L.

    1982-12-01

    A general assessment of the range of barriers which impede household investments in weatherization and other energy efficiency improvements for their homes is provided. The relationship of similar factors to households' interest in receiving a free energy audits examined. Rates of return that underly household investments in major conservation improvements are assessed. A special analysis of household knowledge of economically attractive investments is provided that compares high payback improvements specified by the energy audit with the list of needed or desirable conservation improvements identified by respondents. (LEW)

  1. Smart Grid Investment Grant Recipient Information | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Recovery Act SGIG Smart Grid Investment Grant Recipient Information Smart Grid Investment Grant Recipient Information BACKGROUND The Department of Energy's Office of Electricity...

  2. California Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative California Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle...

  3. PROJECT PROFILE: Vermont Energy Investment Corporation (Solar...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Vermont Energy Investment Corporation (Solar Market Pathways) PROJECT PROFILE: Vermont Energy Investment Corporation (Solar Market Pathways) Title: Vermont Solar Development Plan...

  4. Protecting the Investment in Heat Recovery with Boiler Economizers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roethe, L. A.

    1985-01-01

    THE INVESTMENT IN HEAT RECOVERY WITH BOILER ECONOMIZERS Lester A. Roethe, Consultant Kentube Division Tulsa, Oklahoma ABSTRACT Many people consider energy to be a crlS1S in re mission -- even with continuing high fuel costs. Some voice concern over... the long term security of an investment in flue gas heat recovery equipment. The concern generally involves the ability of an economizer or air heater to continue to perform efficiently without corrosion. The recognized economic advantages of an econo...

  5. Dalhousie University Endowment Investments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lotze, Heike K.

    HOLDINGS: CANADIAN HOLDINGS Advantage Oil & Gas Ltd 676,544 0.13% AG Growth International Inc 681,456 0 Railway 1,695,501 0.32% Canadian Natural Res Ltd 2,153,916 0.40% Canadian Oil Sands Ltd 856,421 0 Alliance Inc 670,201 0.12% Intact Financial Corp 1,103,651 0.21% Inter Pipeline Ltd 935,918 0.17% Jean

  6. High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy Observation of Colloidal Nanocrystal Growth Mechanisms using Graphene Liquid Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuk, Jong Min

    2013-01-01

    Growth Mechanisms using Graphene Liquid Cells Jong Min Yuk,Legends Fig. S1. Preparation of a graphene liquid cell. (fabrication processes of the graphene liquid cell. (B) SEM

  7. Effect of oxygen potential on high temperature crack growth in alloy 617

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benz, Julian K

    2009-01-01

    The effect of oxygen partial pressure on crack growth rates in Alloy 617 has been studied using both static and fatigue loading at 650°C. Tests were conducted at a constant stress intensity factor, K, for static loading ...

  8. http://www.businessweek.com/investing/green_business/archives/2009/11/the_limits_of_c_1.html The Limits of Carbon Pricing: Can High Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffman, Andrew J.

    The Limits of Carbon Pricing: Can High Prices Alone Cut Emissions? Posted by: Andrew Hoffman on November 18 We place too much faith in pricing as a singular mechanism for solving environmental problems in this country. The most vivid example is the call to create a price for carbon as the solution to the climate

  9. Uncertainty and Energy Saving Investments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murto, Pauli

    Energy costs are notoriously uncertain but what is the effect of this on energysaving investments? We find that real-option frictions imply a novel equilibrium response to increasing but uncertain energy costs: early ...

  10. Fund Turnover and Investment Performance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Andrew T; Lambert, E

    1997-01-01

    We examine the level of share dealing activity of UK long-term institutional funds and, for UK pension funds, assess the impact of this dealing activity on investment performance. The analysis is carried out using annual ...

  11. g Frammework Clean-Development Investments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Universität

    investments. Compared to conventional approaches that mimic the CDM as sectoral emissions trading, our

  12. High density growth of T7 expression strains with auto-induction option

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Studier, F. William (Stony Brook, NY)

    2010-07-20

    A bacterial growth medium for promoting auto-induction of transcription of cloned DNA in cultures of bacterial cells grown batchwise is disclosed. The transcription is under the control of a lac repressor. Also disclosed is a bacterial growth medium for improving the production of a selenomethionine-containing protein or polypeptide in a bacterial cell, the protein or polypeptide being produced by recombinant DNA techniques from a lac or T7lac promoter, the bacterial cell encoding a vitamin B12-dependent homocysteine methylase. Finally, disclosed is a bacterial growth medium for suppressing auto-induction of expression in cultures of bacterial cells grown batchwise, said transcription being under the control of lac repressor.

  13. Historical Analysis of Investment in Solar Energy Technologies (2000-2007)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jennings, C. E.; Margolis, R. M.; Bartlett, J. E.

    2008-12-01

    The solar energy industry experienced unprecedented growth in the eight years from 2000 to 2007, with explosive growth occurring in the latter half of this period. From 2004 to 2007, global private sector investment in solar energy increased by almost twenty-fold, marking a dramatic increase in the short span of four years. This paper examines the timing, magnitude, focus and location of various forms of investment in the solar energy sector. It analyzes their trends to provide an understanding of the growth of the solar industry during the past eight years and to identify emerging themes in this rapidly evolving industry.

  14. Do Generation Firms in Restructured Electricity Markets Have Incentives to Support Socially-Efficient Transmission Investments? *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. transmission system is under stress (Abraham, 2002). Growth of electricity demand and new generation capacity investment in new generation and growth in electricity demand. Much of the current underinvestment1 Do Generation Firms in Restructured Electricity Markets Have Incentives to Support Socially

  15. U.S. Energy Infrastructure Investment: Long-Term Strategic Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and seven percent demand growth rates. Demand growth was relatively predictable so forecasting could almostU.S. Energy Infrastructure Investment: Long-Term Strategic Planning to Inform Policy Development/University Cooperative Research Center since 1996 PSERC #12;Intentionally Blank Page #12;U.S. Energy Infrastructure

  16. Public Transit Investment and Sustainable Transportation: A Review of Transit's Impact on Traffic Congestion and Air Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    In this paper we provide a framework for evaluating the effects of public transit investment on the market is essential both for allocating transit investment funds and for designing policies that result, 2014). This scenario is related to forecasted growth in population and GDP, declining fuel prices

  17. High density growth of T7 expression strains with auto-induction option

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Studier, F. William (Stony Brook, NY)

    2009-07-14

    Disclosed is a method for promoting auto-induction of transcription of cloned DNA in cultures of bacterial cells grown batchwise, the transcription being under the control of a promoter whose activity can be induced by an exogenous inducer whose ability to induce said promoter is dependent on the metabolic state of said bacterial cells. Initially, a culture media is provided which includes: i) an inducer that causes induction of transcription from said promoter in said bacterial cells; and ii) a metabolite that prevents induction by said inducer, the concentration of said metabolite being adjusted so as to substantially preclude induction by said inducer in the early stages of growth of the bacterial culture, but such that said metabolite is depleted to a level that allows induction by said inducer at a later stage of growth. The culture medium is inoculated with a bacterial inoculum, the inoculum comprising bacterial cells containing cloned DNA, the transcription of which is induced by said inducer. The culture is then incubated under conditions appropriate for growth of the bacterial cells.

  18. Regulation of mTOR complex 1 in response to growth factors and nutrients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sancak, Yasemin S. (Yasemin Shechner)

    2010-01-01

    In multicellular organisms, cells ensure the simultaneous availability of growth factors and nutrients before they invest in cellular processes that lead to growth. The TOR kinase is a master regulator of cellular growth ...

  19. Material requirements for the adoption of unconventional silicon crystal and wafer growth techniques for high-efficiency solar cells

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Hofstetter, Jasmin; del Cańizo, Carlos; Wagner, Hannes; Castellanos, Sergio; Buonassisi, Tonio

    2015-10-15

    Silicon wafers comprise approximately 40% of crystalline silicon module cost and represent an area of great technological innovation potential. Paradoxically, unconventional wafer-growth techniques have thus far failed to displace multicrystalline and Czochralski silicon, despite four decades of innovation. One of the shortcomings of most unconventional materials has been a persistent carrier lifetime deficit in comparison to established wafer technologies, which limits the device efficiency potential. In this perspective article, we review a defect-management framework that has proven successful in enabling millisecond lifetimes in kerfless and cast materials. Control of dislocations and slowly diffusing metal point defects during growth, coupled tomore »effective control of fast-diffusing species during cell processing, is critical to enable high cell efficiencies. As a result, to accelerate the pace of novel wafer development, we discuss approaches to rapidly evaluate the device efficiency potential of unconventional wafers from injection-dependent lifetime measurements.« less

  20. The environmental effects of expanded trade: a firm-level simulation analysis o investment in Texas grapefruit 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elmer,Nicole Audra

    1997-01-01

    This research is about the future of the Texas citrus industry and, in particular, whether rapid growth and development associated with expanded trade are likely to be significant factors affecting future investment in the industry. The Dixit...

  1. Financial Policy Manual INVESTMENT POLICIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Edward I.

    that aims to maximize total return from both current income and capital appreciation without excessive risk Reporting 1605 Spending Rule 1606 Charges to Investment Income 1607 Unrestricted Endowment #12;Financial Funds with cash balances derived from external gifts or donations, will earn TIF income. #12;Financial

  2. Smart Grid Investment Grant Program - Progress Report (October...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Smart Grid Investment Grant Program - Progress Report (October 2013) Smart Grid Investment Grant Program - Progress Report (October 2013) The Smart Grid Investment Grant (SGIG)...

  3. The Growth of Black Holes and Their Host Spheroids in (Sub)mm-loud QSOs at High Redshift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. N. Hao; X. Y. Xia; S. Mao; Z. G. Deng; Hong Wu

    2007-04-24

    We study the growth of black holes and stellar population in spheroids at high redshift using several (sub)mm-loud QSO samples. Applying the same criteria established in an earlier work, we find that, similar to IR QSOs at low redshift, the far-infrared emission of these (sub)mm-loud QSOs mainly originates from dust heated by starbursts. By combining low-z IR QSOs and high-z (sub)mm-loud QSOs, we find a trend that the star formation rate ($\\Mstardot$) increases with the accretion rate ($\\Mdot$). We compare the values of $\\Mstardot/\\Mdot$ for submm emitting galaxies (SMGs), far-infrared ultraluminous/hyperluminous QSOs and typical QSOs, and construct a likely evolution scenario for these objects. The (sub)mm-loud QSO transition phase has both high $\\Mdot$ and $\\Mstardot$ and hence is important for establishing the correlation between the masses of black holes and spheroids.

  4. Copyright Association for Investment Management Research. Reproduced

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copyright Association for Investment Management Research. Reproduced republished Benchmarks Attribution permission Association for Investment Management All ©2001, ® www.aimr.org . Toward Agent because investors demand liquidity, a market makers. Market aversion, means positions, off­load

  5. Transmission and Generation Investment in Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mar 4, 2015 ... Transmission and Generation Investment in Electricity Markets: The Effects of Market Splitting and Network Fee Regimes.

  6. Studies and calculations of transverse emittance growth in high-energy proton storage rings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mane, S.R.; Jackson, G.

    1989-03-01

    In the operation of proton-antiproton colliders, an important goal is to maximize the integrated luminosity. During such operations in the Fermilab Tevatron, the transverse beam emittances were observed to grow unexpectedly quickly, thus causing a serious reduction of the luminosity. We have studied this phenomenon experimentally and theoretically. A formula for the emittance growth rate, due to random dipole kicks, is derived. In the experiment, RF phase noise of known amplitude was deliberately injected into the Tevatron to kick the beam randomly, via dispersion at the RF cavities. Theory and experiment are found to agree reasonably well. We also briefly discuss the problem of quadrupole kicks. 14 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  7. Heteroepitaxial growth of highly conductive metal oxide RuO{sub 2} thin films by pulsed laser deposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jia, Q.X.; Wu, X.D.; Foltyn, S.R.; Findikoglu, A.T.; Tiwari, P.; Zheng, J.P.; Jow, T.R.

    1995-09-18

    Highly conductive ruthenium oxide (RuO{sub 2}) has been epitaxially grown on LaAlO{sub 3} substrates by pulsed laser deposition. The RuO{sub 2} film is ({ital h}00) oriented normal to the substrate surface. The heteroepitaxial growth of RuO{sub 2} on LaAlO{sub 3} is demonstrated by the strong in-plane orientation of thin films with respect to the major axes of the substrate. High crystallinity of RuO{sub 2} thin films is also determined from Rutherford backscattering channeling measurements. Electrical measurements on the RuO{sub 2} thin films demonstrate a quite low room-temperature resistivity of 35{plus_minus}2 {mu}{Omega} cm at deposition temperatures of above 500 {degree}C. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

  8. Essays on the household-level effects of house price growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sitgraves, Claudia Ayanna

    2009-01-01

    Irreversible invest- ment, real options, and competition:land prices: Evidence for real options in seattle. ” JournalGrowth controls, real options, and land development. ” Re-

  9. An (ultra) high-vacuum compatible sputter source for oxide thin film growth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mayr, Lukas; Köpfle, Norbert; Auer, Andrea; Klötzer, Bernhard; Penner, Simon [Institute for Physical Chemistry, University of Innsbruck, Innrain 52a, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)] [Institute for Physical Chemistry, University of Innsbruck, Innrain 52a, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)

    2013-09-15

    A miniaturised CF-38 mountable sputter source for oxide and metal thin film preparation with enhanced high-vacuum and ultra-high-vacuum compatibility is described. The all home-built sputtering deposition device allows a high flexibility also in oxidic sputter materials, suitable deposition rates for preparation of films in the nm- and the sub-monolayer regime and excellent reliability and enhanced cleanliness for usage in UHV chambers. For a number of technologically important – yet hardly volatile – materials, the described source represents a significant improvement over thermal deposition techniques like electron-beam- or thermal evaporation, as especially the latter are no adequate tool to prepare atomically clean layers of refractory oxide materials. Furthermore, it is superior to commercially available magnetron sputter devices, especially for applications, where highly reproducible sub-monolayer thin film preparation under very clean UHV conditions is required (e.g., for studying phase boundary effects in catalysis). The device in turn offers the usage of a wide selection of evaporation materials and special target preparation procedures also allow the usage of pressed oxide powder targets. To prove the performance of the sputter-source, test preparations with technologically relevant oxide components, comprising ZrO{sub 2} and yttrium-stabilized ZrO{sub 2}, have been carried out. A wide range of characterization methods (electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, low-energy ion scattering, atomic force microscopy, and catalytic testing) were applied to demonstrate the properties of the sputter-deposited thin film systems.

  10. Human metastatic melanoma cell lines express high levels of growth hormone receptor and respond to GH treatment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sustarsic, Elahu G.; Department of Biological Sciences, Ohio University, Athens, OH ; Junnila, Riia K.; Kopchick, John J.

    2013-11-08

    Highlights: •Most cancer types of the NCI60 have sub-sets of cell lines with high GHR expression. •GHR is highly expressed in melanoma cell lines. •GHR is elevated in advanced stage IV metastatic tumors vs. stage III. •GH treatment of metastatic melanoma cell lines alters growth and cell signaling. -- Abstract: Accumulating evidence implicates the growth hormone receptor (GHR) in carcinogenesis. While multiple studies show evidence for expression of growth hormone (GH) and GHR mRNA in human cancer tissue, there is a lack of quantification and only a few cancer types have been investigated. The National Cancer Institute’s NCI60 panel includes 60 cancer cell lines from nine types of human cancer: breast, CNS, colon, leukemia, melanoma, non-small cell lung, ovarian, prostate and renal. We utilized this panel to quantify expression of GHR, GH, prolactin receptor (PRLR) and prolactin (PRL) mRNA with real-time RT qPCR. Both GHR and PRLR show a broad range of expression within and among most cancer types. Strikingly, GHR expression is nearly 50-fold higher in melanoma than in the panel as a whole. Analysis of human metastatic melanoma biopsies confirmed GHR gene expression in melanoma tissue. In these human biopsies, the level of GHR mRNA is elevated in advanced stage IV tumor samples compared to stage III. Due to the novel finding of high GHR in melanoma, we examined the effect of GH treatment on three NCI60 melanoma lines (MDA-MB-435, UACC-62 and SK-MEL-5). GH increased proliferation in two out of three cell lines tested. Further analysis revealed GH-induced activation of STAT5 and mTOR in a cell line dependent manner. In conclusion, we have identified cell lines and cancer types that are ideal to study the role of GH and PRL in cancer, yet have been largely overlooked. Furthermore, we found that human metastatic melanoma tumors express GHR and cell lines possess active GHRs that can modulate multiple signaling pathways and alter cell proliferation. Based on this data, GH could be a new therapeutic target in melanoma.

  11. Endocytic proteins drive vesicle growth via instability in high membrane tension environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikhil Walani; Jennifer Torres; Ashutosh Agrawal

    2015-02-14

    Clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME) is a key pathway for transporting cargo into cells via membrane vesicles. It plays an integral role in nutrient import, signal transduction, neurotransmission and cellular entry of pathogens and drug-carrying nanoparticles. As CME entails substantial local remodeling of the plasma membrane, the presence of membrane tension offers resistance to bending and hence, vesicle formation. Experiments show that in such high tension conditions, actin dynamics is required to carry out CME successfully. In this study, we build upon these pioneering experimental studies to provide fundamental mechanistic insights into the roles of two key endocytic proteins, namely, actin and BAR proteins in driving vesicle formation in high membrane tension environment. Our study reveals a new actin force induced `snap-through instability' that triggers a rapid shape transition from a shallow invagination to a highly invaginated tubular structure. We show that the association of BAR proteins stabilizes vesicles and induces a milder instability. In addition, we present a new counterintuitive role of BAR depolymerization in regulating the shape evolution of vesicles. We show that the dissociation of BAR proteins, supported by actin-BAR synergy, leads to considerable elongation and squeezing of vesicles. Going beyond the membrane geometry, we put forth a new stress-based perspective for the onset of vesicle scission and predict the shapes and composition of detached vesicles. We present the snap-through transition and the high in-plane stress as possible explanations for the intriguing direct transformation of broad and shallow invaginations into detached vesicles in BAR mutant yeast cells.

  12. Crystal growth and detector performance of large size high-purity Ge crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Guojian; Mei, Hao; Mei, Dongming; Irmscher, Klaus; Guan, Yutong; Yang, Gang

    2015-01-01

    High-purity germanium crystals approximately 12 cm in diameter were grown in a hydrogen atmosphere using the Czochralski method. The dislocation density of the crystals was determined to be in the range of 2000 - 4200 cm-2, which meets a requirement for use as a radiation detector. The axial and radial distributions of impurities in the crystals were measured and are discussed. A planar detector was also fabricated from one of the crystals and then evaluated for electrical and spectral performance. Measurements of gamma-ray spectra from Cs-137 and Am-241 sources demonstrate that the detector has excellent energy resolution.

  13. Crystal growth and detector performance of large size high-purity Ge crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guojian Wang; Mark Amman; Hao Mei; Dongming Mei; Klaus Irmscher; Yutong Guan; Gang Yang

    2015-05-07

    High-purity germanium crystals approximately 12 cm in diameter were grown in a hydrogen atmosphere using the Czochralski method. The dislocation density of the crystals was determined to be in the range of 2000 - 4200 cm-2, which meets a requirement for use as a radiation detector. The axial and radial distributions of impurities in the crystals were measured and are discussed. A planar detector was also fabricated from one of the crystals and then evaluated for electrical and spectral performance. Measurements of gamma-ray spectra from Cs-137 and Am-241 sources demonstrate that the detector has excellent energy resolution.

  14. Component Overpressure Growth and Characterization of High Resistivity CdTe

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing BacteriaConnect Collider Tests ofO y (Journal Article) |high

  15. Epitaxial growth of highly conductive RuO{sub 2} thin films on (100) Si

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jia, Q.X.; Song, S.G.; Wu, X.D.; Cho, J.H.; Foltyn, S.R.; Findikoglu, A.T.; Smith, J.L.

    1996-02-01

    Conductive RuO{sub 2} thin films have been heteroepitaxially grown by pulsed laser deposition on Si substrates with yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) buffer layers. The RuO{sub 2} thin films deposited under optimized processing conditions are {ital a}-axis oriented normal to the Si substrate surface with a high degree of in-plane alignment with the major axes of the (100) Si substrate. Cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy analysis on the RuO{sub 2}/YSZ/Si multilayer shows an atomically sharp interface between the RuO{sub 2} and the YSZ. Electrical measurements show that the crystalline RuO{sub 2} thin films are metallic over a temperature range from 4.2 to 300 K and are highly conductive with a room-temperature resistivity of 37{plus_minus}2 {mu}{Omega}cm. The residual resistance ratio ({ital R}{sub 300K}/{ital R}{sub 4.2K}) above 5 for our RuO{sub 2} thin films is the highest ever reported for such films on Si substrates. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  16. Uncertain Growth Cycles, Corporate Investment, and Dynamic Hedging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yonce, Adam

    2010-01-01

    Capital Expenditures CapEx + Acquisitions Cash Flow Tobin’sCapital Expenditures CapEx + Acquisitions Cash Flow Tobin’sCapital Expenditures CapEx + Acquisitions Cash Flow Tobin’s

  17. Essays on Foreign Direct Investment, Growth and the Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gu, Waner

    2011-01-01

    Model Selection in Productivity Efficiency Measurement withEfficiency and Productivity Measurement. Elsevier Sciencethe Theory of Productivity Measurement. American Economic

  18. Essays on Foreign Direct Investment, Growth and the Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gu, Waner

    2011-01-01

    D. C. , 2010. R: A Language and Environment for StatisticalTeam (2010), R: A Language and Environment for Statistical

  19. A high-transparency, micro-patternable chip for X-ray diffraction analysis of microcrystals under native growth conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murray, Thomas D.; Lyubimov, Artem Y.; Ogata, Craig M.; Vo, Huy; Uervirojnangkoorn, Monarin; Brunger, Axel T.; Berger, James M.

    2015-08-11

    Microcrystals present a significant impediment to the determination of macromolecular structures by X-ray diffraction methods. Although microfocus synchrotron beamlines and X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs) can enable the collection of interpretable diffraction data from microcrystals, there is a need for efficient methods of harvesting small volumes (<2 µl) of microcrystals grown under common laboratory formats and delivering them to an X-ray beam source under native growth conditions. One approach that shows promise in overcoming the challenges intrinsic to microcrystal analysis is to pair so-called `fixed-target' sample-delivery devices with microbeam-based X-ray diffraction methods. However, to record weak diffraction patterns it is necessary to fabricate devices from X-ray-transparent materials that minimize background scattering. Presented here is the design of a new micro-diffraction device consisting of three layers fabricated from silicon nitride, photoresist and polyimide film. The chip features low X-ray scattering and X-ray absorption properties, and uses a customizable blend of hydrophobic and hydrophilic surface patterns to help localize microcrystals to defined regions. Microcrystals in their native growth conditions can be loaded into the chips with a standard pipette, allowing data collection at room temperature. Diffraction data collected from hen egg-white lysozyme microcrystals (10–15 µm) loaded into the chips yielded a complete, high-resolution (<1.6 Å) data set sufficient to determine a high-quality structure by molecular replacement. In addition, the features of the chip allow the rapid and user-friendly analysis of microcrystals grown under virtually any laboratory format at microfocus synchrotron beamlines and XFELs.

  20. NM Invest | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation,MeregNIFE Baterias Industriais Jump to: navigation,Invest

  1. Arlas Invest | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminex A S JumpArchuletaAriseCounty,Arlas Invest Jump to: navigation,

  2. Pivotal Investments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly SmartDB-2, Blue MountainSchool District Wind FarmInvestments

  3. Barner Investment | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'S FUTURE.EnergyWoodenDateSAEngineering LLCBarner Investment Jump

  4. Substrate Structures For Growth Of Highly Oriented And/Or Epitaxial Layers Thereon

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Arendt, Paul N. (Los Alamos, NM); Foltyn, Stephen R. (Los Alamos, NM); Groves, James R. (Los Alamos, NM); Jia, Quanxi (Los Alamos, NM)

    2005-07-26

    A composite substrate structure including a substrate, a layer of a crystalline metal oxide or crystalline metal oxynitride material upon the substrate, a layer of an oriented cubic oxide material having a rock-salt-like structure upon the crystalline metal oxide or crystalline metal oxynitride material layer is provided together with additional layers such as one or more layers of a buffer material upon the oriented cubic oxide material layer. Jc's of 2.3×106 A/cm2 have been demonstrated with projected Ic's of 320 Amperes across a sample 1 cm wide for a superconducting article including a flexible polycrystalline metallic substrate, an inert oxide material layer upon the surface of the flexible polycrystalline metallic substrate, a layer of a crystalline metal oxide or crystalline metal oxynitride material upon the layer of the inert oxide material, a layer of an oriented cubic oxide material having a rock-salt-like structure upon the crystalline metal oxide or crystalline metal oxynitride material layer, a layer of a buffer material upon the oriented cubic oxide material layer, and, a top-layer of a high temperature superconducting material upon the layer of a buffer material.

  5. Innovation investment area: Technology summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-03-01

    The mission of Environmental Management`s (EM) Office of Technology Development (OTD) Innovation Investment Area is to identify and provide development support for two types of technologies that are developed to characterize, treat and dispose of DOE waste, and to remediate contaminated sites. They are: technologies that show promise to address specific EM needs, but require proof-of-principle experimentation; and (2) already proven technologies in other fields that require critical path experimentation to demonstrate feasibility for adaptation to specific EM needs. The underlying strategy is to ensure that private industry, other Federal Agencies, universities, and DOE National Laboratories are major participants in developing and deploying new and emerging technologies. To this end, about 125 different new and emerging technologies are being developed through Innovation Investment Area`s (IIA) two program elements: RDDT&E New Initiatives (RD01) and Interagency Agreements (RD02). Both of these activities are intended to foster research and development partnerships so as to introduce innovative technologies into other OTD program elements for expedited evaluation.

  6. Advisory Committee Recommends Continued Investment in Jefferson...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Recommends Continued Investment in Jefferson Lab This aerial view of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility shows the footprint of the accelerator and the...

  7. Advisory Committee Recommends Continued Investment in Jefferson...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Continued Investment in Jefferson Lab fellowship This aerial view of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility shows the footprint of the accelerator and the...

  8. Case Study - EPB Smart Grid Investment Grant

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Grid Investment Grant 1 Smart switches installed in EPB service territory A Smarter Electric Circuit: Electric Power Board of Chattanooga Makes the Switch EPB of Chattanooga,...

  9. Accelerating Investments in the Geothermal Sector, Indonesia...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Accelerating Investments in the Geothermal Sector, Indonesia (Presentation) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Accelerating...

  10. Alternative Ways of Financing Infrastructure Investment: Potential...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alternative Ways of Financing Infrastructure Investment: Potential for 'Novel' Financing Models Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Alternative Ways of...

  11. Investment under Regulatory Uncertainty: U.S. Electricity Generation Investment Since 1996

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishii, Jun; Yan, Jingming

    2004-01-01

    real options” literature on investment, IPPs, due to the substan- tial sunk costs associated with power plant

  12. Asian real estate investment : data utilization for the decision making process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huh, Keun, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    Many investors in developed countries believe the Asian emerging market to be highly risky due to numerous uncertainties including limited market information to make sound investment decisions. However, still successful ...

  13. Saving Energy and Money with Wind: 5 Steps Before You Invest...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    high costs of extending utility power lines to your site, and avoid potential spikes in electricity rates. Before you make an initial investment in a wind energy system for your...

  14. The growth of retail REITs : an exploration of current practices and implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toth, A. Eric (Anthony Eric), 1971-

    2003-01-01

    This study is an exploration of the current growth activity of retail real estate investment trusts (REITs). The specific questions to be explored are: How are retail REITs currently growing, how is this growth being ...

  15. Conservation screening curves to compare efficiency investments to power plants: Applications to commercial sector conservation programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koomey, Jonathan; Rosenfeld, Arthur H.; Gadgil, Ashok J.

    2008-01-01

    EFFICIENCY INVESTMENTS TO POWER PLANTS: APPLICATIONS TOEFFICIENCY INVESTMENTS TO POWER PLANTS: APPLICATIONS TOEfficiency Investments to Power Plants: Applications to

  16. Bridgman Growth of Large SrI2:Eu2+ Single Crystals: A High-performance Scintillator for Radiation Detection Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boatner, Lynn A; Ramey, Joanne Oxendine; Kolopus, James A; Hawrami, Rastgo; Higgins, William; Van Loef, Edgar; Glodo, J.; Shah, Kanai; Bhattacharya, P.; Tupitsyn, E; Groza, Michael; Burger, Arnold

    2013-01-01

    Single-crystal strontium iodide (SrI2) doped with relatively high levels (e.g., 3 - 6 %) of Eu2+ exhibits characteristics that make this material superior, in a number of respects, to other scintillators that are currently used for radiation detection. Specifically, SrI2:Eu2+ has a light yield that is significantly higher than LaBr3:Ce3+ -a currently employed commercial high-performance scintillator. Additionally, SrI2:Eu2+ is characterized by an energy resolution as high as 2.6% at the 137Cs gamma-ray energy of 662 keV, and there is no radioactive component in SrI2:Eu2+ - unlike LaBr3:Ce3+ that contains 138La. The Ce3+-doped LaBr3 decay time is, however, faster (30 nsec) than the 1.2 sec decay time of SrI2:Eu2+. Due to the relatively low melting point of strontium iodide (~515 oC), crystal growth can be carried out in quartz crucibles by the vertical Bridgman technique. Materials-processing and crystal-growth techniques that are specific to the Bridgman growth of europium-doped strontium iodide scintillators are described here. These techniques include the use of a porous quartz frit to physically filter the molten salt from a quartz antechamber into the Bridgman growth crucible and the use of a bent or bulb grain selector design to suppress multiple grain growth. Single crystals of SrI2:Eu2+ scintillators with good optical quality and scintillation characteristics have been grown in sizes up to 5.0 cm in diameter by applying these techniques. Other aspects of the SrI2:Eu2+ crystal-growth methods and of the still unresolved crystal-growth issues are described here.

  17. Bringing good things to life : New Markets Tax Credits and the opening of low-income communities to investment, including a case study of Pittsfield, Massachusetts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGrath, Daniel J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    The New Markets Tax Credit (NMTC) Program is designed to promote investment and economic growth in urban and rural low-income communities across the country. Created in 2000 as one of the last acts of the Clinton Administration, ...

  18. High quality Y-type hexaferrite thick films for microwave applications by an economical and environmentally benign crystal growth technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Bolin; Chen, Yajie, E-mail: y.chen@neu.edu; Gillette, Scott; Su, Zhijuan; Harris, Vincent G. [Center for Microwave Magnetic Materials and Integrated Circuits and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115 (United States); Wolf, Jason; McHenry, Michael E. [Materials Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States)

    2014-02-17

    Thick barium hexaferrite Ba{sub 2}Zn{sub 2}Fe{sub 12}O{sub 22} (i.e., Zn{sub 2}Y) films having thicknesses of ?100??m were epitaxially grown on MgO (111) substrates using an environmentally benign ferrite-salt mixture by vaporizing the salt. X-ray diffraction pole figure analyses showed (00l) crystallographic alignment with little in plane dispersion confirming epitaxial growth. Saturation magnetization, 4?M{sub s}, was measured for as-grown films to be 2.51?±?0.1?kG with an out of plane magnetic anisotropy field H{sub A} of 8.9?±?0.1?kOe. Ferromagnetic resonance linewidth, as the peak-to-peak power absorption derivative at 9.6?GHz, was measured to be 62?Oe. These properties demonstrate a rapid, convenient, cost-effective, and nontoxic method of growing high quality thick crystalline ferrite films which could be used widely for microwave device applications.

  19. A high-transparency, micro-patternable chip for X-ray diffraction analysis of microcrystals under native growth conditions

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Murray, Thomas D.; Lyubimov, Artem Y.; Ogata, Craig M.; Vo, Huy; Uervirojnangkoorn, Monarin; Brunger, Axel T.; Berger, James M.

    2015-08-11

    Microcrystals present a significant impediment to the determination of macromolecular structures by X-ray diffraction methods. Although microfocus synchrotron beamlines and X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs) can enable the collection of interpretable diffraction data from microcrystals, there is a need for efficient methods of harvesting small volumes (more »to fabricate devices from X-ray-transparent materials that minimize background scattering. Presented here is the design of a new micro-diffraction device consisting of three layers fabricated from silicon nitride, photoresist and polyimide film. The chip features low X-ray scattering and X-ray absorption properties, and uses a customizable blend of hydrophobic and hydrophilic surface patterns to help localize microcrystals to defined regions. Microcrystals in their native growth conditions can be loaded into the chips with a standard pipette, allowing data collection at room temperature. Diffraction data collected from hen egg-white lysozyme microcrystals (10–15 µm) loaded into the chips yielded a complete, high-resolution (« less

  20. Energy Payback for Energy Systems Ensembles During Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutowski, Timothy G.

    During periods of growth, the energy payback performance of new energy generating technologies deviates substantially from the usual static measures of energy return on investment (EROI), and time to breakeven (tB) for ...

  1. Effects of microstructure on mixed-mode, high-cycle fatigue crack-growth thresholds in Ti-6Al-4V alloy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritchie, Robert

    O D U C T IO N The control of failures owing to high-cycle fatigue (HCF) in turbine-engine for such HCF failures. Indeed, there are many fatigue-critical locations within the turbine engine where- ing HCF failures in turbine engines, it is critical that fatigue crack-growth thresholds are well

  2. Mobility and information flows in international trade and investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poole, Jennifer Pamela

    2007-01-01

    Foreign direct investment in Brazil . . . . . . . . .1.4.3ing. Foreign direct investment in Brazil Figure 1.1 showsimpact of foreign direct investment in Brazil on the local

  3. Power sector reform, private investment and regional co-operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newbery, David

    to finance foreign direct investment (given the perceived level of risk and the short tenor of most debt finance) has led to high initial charges for electricity purchased from these IPPs. The mismatch between the cost of these new PPAs, the average cost... be similarly problematic where they are dependent on domestic coal, as coal mining is often fraught in SAFTA Energy 11 terms of labour relations.14 Coal-fired stations using imported coal could be economically attractive but may be discouraged...

  4. Secretary Chu Announces $3 Billion Investment for Carbon Capture...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Billion Investment for Carbon Capture and Sequestration Secretary Chu Announces 3 Billion Investment for Carbon Capture and Sequestration December 4, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis...

  5. Energy Department Announces New Investments in Pioneering U.S...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Energy Department Announces New Investments in Pioneering U.S. Offshore Wind Projects Energy Department Announces New Investments in Pioneering U.S. Offshore Wind Projects December...

  6. $23.5 Million Investment in Innovative Manufacturing Projects...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    23.5 Million Investment in Innovative Manufacturing Projects Supports the New Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative 23.5 Million Investment in Innovative Manufacturing Projects...

  7. Conservation Screening Curves to Compare Efficiency Investments to Power Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koomey, J.G.

    2008-01-01

    Efficiency Investments to Power Plants J. Koorney, A.H.Efficiency Investments to Power Plants Jonathan Koorney,Pollution, and Avoid Power Plant Construction. Testimony

  8. Smart Grid Investment Grant Program (SGIG) Recipient Workshop...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Smart Grid Investment Grant (SGIG) Kickoff Welcome and Overview: Familiarize SGIG selectees with Grant Award Process. Smart Grid Investment Grant Program (SGIG) Recipient Workshop:...

  9. Army Net Zero: Guide to Renewable Energy Conservation Investment...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Army Net Zero: Guide to Renewable Energy Conservation Investment Program (ECIP) Projects Army Net Zero: Guide to Renewable Energy Conservation Investment Program (ECIP) Projects...

  10. Recovery Act Selections for Smart Grid Investment Grant Awards...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Recovery Act Selections for Smart Grid Investment Grant Awards- By Category Updated July 2010 Recovery Act Selections for Smart Grid Investment Grant Awards- By Category Updated...

  11. Reports on Initial Results of Smart Grid Investment Grant Projects...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Reports on Initial Results of Smart Grid Investment Grant Projects (December 2012) Reports on Initial Results of Smart Grid Investment Grant Projects (December 2012) DOE is...

  12. Massachusetts: Investments and Awareness in Home Energy Assessments...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Massachusetts: Investments and Awareness in Home Energy Assessments, Weatherization, and Solar Lead to City Savings and Job Creation Massachusetts: Investments and Awareness in...

  13. Energy Department Announces New Investments to Accelerate Breakthrough...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    New Investments to Accelerate Breakthroughs in Cost-Competitive Solar Energy Energy Department Announces New Investments to Accelerate Breakthroughs in Cost-Competitive Solar...

  14. SoCal Edge: Accelerating Investments in Innovative Building Technologi...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    SoCal Edge: Accelerating Investments in Innovative Building Technologies SoCal Edge: Accelerating Investments in Innovative Building Technologies October 26, 2015 - 2:53pm Addthis...

  15. Making the Grade: Washington School District Invest in Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Making the Grade: Washington School District Invest in Energy Efficiency Making the Grade: Washington School District Invest in Energy Efficiency September 10, 2015 - 11:55am...

  16. Energy Department Announces New Investments in Advanced Nuclear...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Announces New Investments in Advanced Nuclear Power Reactors Energy Department Announces New Investments in Advanced Nuclear Power Reactors June 27, 2013 - 2:20pm Addthis News...

  17. Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid Under Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris

    2006-01-01

    option on natural gas generation, which increases in valueL ABORATORY Distributed Generation Investment by a MicrogridORMMES’06 Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid

  18. Energy Department Announces New Investment to Accelerate Next...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Department Announces New Investment to Accelerate Next Generation Biofuels Energy Department Announces New Investment to Accelerate Next Generation Biofuels July 1, 2013 -...

  19. Puge County Gongdefang Hydropower Station Investment and Development...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Puge County Gongdefang Hydropower Station Investment and Development Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Puge County Gongdefang Hydropower Station Investment and Development...

  20. Obama Administration Announces $12 Million i6 Green Investment...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Obama Administration Announces 12 Million i6 Green Investment to Promote Clean Energy Innovation and Job Creation Obama Administration Announces 12 Million i6 Green Investment to...

  1. ENERGY INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS: HOW STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS ARE ENGAGING PRIVATE CAPITAL TO DRIVE CLEAN ENERGY INVESTMENTS Energy Investment Partnerships-sometimes referred to as Green Banks--are newly emerging...

  2. Energy Department Announces New Investments to Train Next Generation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Investments to Train Next Generation of Nuclear Energy Leaders, Advance University-Led Nuclear Innovation Energy Department Announces New Investments to Train Next Generation of...

  3. Green Investment Horizons: Effects of Policy on the Market for...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Green Investment Horizons: Effects of Policy on the Market for Building Energy Efficiency Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Green Investment...

  4. President Obama Announces New Investments to Combat Climate Change...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Investments to Combat Climate Change and Assist Remote Alaskan Communities President Obama Announces New Investments to Combat Climate Change and Assist Remote Alaskan Communities...

  5. Recovery Act Selections for Smart Grid Investment Grant Awards...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Investment Grant Awards - By State - Updated November 2011 List of selections for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program organized by State. Within each State the projects are...

  6. Department of Energy Announces $67 Million Investment for Carbon...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Announces 67 Million Investment for Carbon Capture Development Department of Energy Announces 67 Million Investment for Carbon Capture Development July 7, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis...

  7. Guangdong Nuclear Power and New Energy Industrial Investment...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Nuclear Power and New Energy Industrial Investment Fund Management Company Jump to: navigation, search Name: Guangdong Nuclear Power and New Energy Industrial Investment Fund...

  8. The Geothermal Technologies Office Invests $18 Million for Innovative...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The Geothermal Technologies Office Invests 18 Million for Innovative Projects The Geothermal Technologies Office Invests 18 Million for Innovative Projects The McGuiness Hills...

  9. Department of Energy to Invest Nearly $18 Million for Advanced...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Department of Energy to Invest Nearly 18 Million for Advanced Biofuels User Facility Department of Energy to Invest Nearly 18 Million for Advanced Biofuels User Facility March...

  10. Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program: Frequently Asked Questions Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program: Frequently Asked...

  11. Energy Department Invests $20 Million to Advance Hydrogen Production...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department Invests 20 Million to Advance Hydrogen Production and Delivery Technologies Energy Department Invests 20 Million to Advance Hydrogen Production and Delivery...

  12. President's 2014 Budget Proposes Critical Investments in Clean...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    President's 2014 Budget Proposes Critical Investments in Clean Energy President's 2014 Budget Proposes Critical Investments in Clean Energy April 17, 2013 - 2:01pm Addthis...

  13. Imperfect enforcement, foreign investment, and foreign aid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asiedu, Elizabeth; Villamil, A. P.

    2002-09-01

    AND EQUILIBRIA Consider a world with an infinite time horizon and two countries, rich and poor, that are distinguished by the size of their capital stocks and investment opportunities. The poor country has capital stock, k p t =k p for all t, that is less than... the optimal amount. It neither invests abroad nor can its capital stock be augmented. The rich country has an elastic capital stock k r t =k r for all t. The rich country can invest abroad at gross rate of return r or in a safe alternative storage technology...

  14. Modeling Cotton and Winter Wheat Growth and Yield Responses to Irrigation Management in the Texas High Plains and Rolling Plains 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Attia Mohamed, Ahmed

    2014-12-17

    were negatively correlated. A modeling study was performed using the cotton growth simulation model, Cotton2K, to investigate the lint yield, WUE, and economic return responses using 31 years weather records (1980 – 2010) from the Texas Rolling Plains...

  15. California’s K-12 Educational Infrastructure Investments: Leveraging the State’s Role for Quality School Facilities in Sustainable Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vincent, Jeffrey M.

    2012-01-01

    renewals  investments  (an  industry   standard),  major  The   building  industry  standard  for  annual  capital  as  advised  by  industry  standards.  Given   the  high  

  16. Comparison of growth texture in round Bi2212 and flat Bi2223 wires and its relation to high critical current density development

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kametani, F.; Jiang, J.; Matras, M.; Abraimov, D.; Hellstrom, E. E.; Larbalestier, D. C.

    2015-02-10

    Why Bi?Sr?CaCu?Ox (Bi2212) allows high critical current density Jc in round wires rather than only in the anisotropic tape form demanded by all other high temperature superconductors is important for future magnet applications. Here we compare the local texture of state-of-the-art Bi2212 and Bi2223 ((Bi,Pb)?Sr?Ca?Cu?O??), finding that round wire Bi2212 generates a dominant a-axis growth texture that also enforces a local biaxial texture (FWHM more »perpendicular to the tape plane without any in-plane texture. Consistent with these observations, a marked, field-increasing, field-decreasing Jc(H) hysteresis characteristic of weak-linked systems appears in Bi2223 but is absent in Bi2212 round wire. Growth-induced texture on cooling from the melt step of the Bi2212 Jc optimization process appears to be the key step in generating this highly desirable microstructure.« less

  17. In-situ x-ray diffraction study of the growth of highly strained epitaxial BaTiO{sub 3} thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinsheimer, J.; Callori, S. J.; Ziegler, B.; Bein, B.; Dawber, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800 (United States); Chinta, P. V.; Ashrafi, A.; Headrick, R. L. [Department of Physics, Cook Physical Science Building, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Cook Physical Science Building, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405 (United States)

    2013-12-09

    In-situ synchrotron x-ray diffraction was performed during the growth of BaTiO{sub 3} thin films on SrTiO{sub 3} substrates using both off-axis RF magnetron sputtering and pulsed laser deposition techniques. It was found that the films were ferroelectric during the growth process, and the presence or absence of a bottom SrRuO{sub 3} electrode played an important role in the growth of the films. Pulsed laser deposited films on SrRuO{sub 3} displayed an anomalously high tetragonality and unit volume, which may be connected to the previously predicted negative pressure phase of BaTiO{sub 3}.

  18. Investment and Efficiency under Incentive Regulation: The Case of the Norwegian Electricity Distribution Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poudineh, Rahmatallah; Jamasb, Tooraj

    2013-04-01

    and competitive businesses (NVE, 2010). EPRG 1306 4 At the early years of the reform, there were approximately 230 distribution networks and 70 generation units in Norway. The high number of utilities reflects the dispersed nature of hydroelectric resources... from their efficiency level. The investment increase can be continued until efficiency after investment reduces to no impact efficiency, in which state, some form of optimality will be achieved. On the other hand, those firms that their efficiency...

  19. Turkish residential real estate investment analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciller, Berk (Berk U.)

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines the investment potential for Turkish Residential Real Estate Market, focusing mainly on Istanbul. With a stable economy since 2002, dynamic population, geo-political location and the potential accession ...

  20. Essays on international trade and investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Heiwai

    2008-01-01

    This dissertation consists of three essays on international trade and investment. In the first essay, I study how cross-country differences in labor market institutions shape the pattern of international trade with a focus ...

  1. Model Investment Grade Audit and Project Proposal

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Information and documents for conducting an investment grade audit to evaluate potential measures and presenting a project proposal for a set of bundled measures that deliver savings to pay for the project over the finance term.

  2. STRATEGIC PHILANTHROPY INTEGRATING INVESTMENTS IN ASSET BUILDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    an effective, integrated, and sustainable system, enabling families to move through safety nets into financial OPPORTUNITY: A family is able to invest in opportunities for mobility when it has enough assets to be secure

  3. Clean energy investments in an uncertain future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Jessica (Jessica Kit)

    2005-01-01

    The energy sector faces a multitude of challenges related to climate change and energy security. These challenges will likely prompt considerable changes in the coming decades, including significant investment and new ...

  4. Office leases & landlord investment in energy efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Brian S. (Brian Stewart)

    2008-01-01

    What is the relationship between the structure of leases in the Boston office rental market and how much landlords invest in energy efficient building systems for their existing buildings? I am drawn to this question because ...

  5. Risk management practices in global manufacturing investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Mukesh

    2010-07-06

    This thesis explores risk management practices in global manufacturing investment. It reflects the growing internationalisation of manufacturing and the increasing complexity and fragmentation of manufacturing systems. Issues of risk management have...

  6. DOE Clean Energy Investment Center Fact Sheet

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Learn more about the DOE Clean Energy Impact Investment Center, which will work to make the Energy Department’s resources more readily available to the public and mission-driven investors.

  7. Energy Conservation Project Evaluation by Investment Equivalents 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, R. J.

    1984-01-01

    Using discounted cash flow techniques, a new parameter for the quick economic evaluation of energy conservation ideas is calculated. The meaning of the calculated value, an 'Investment Equivalent of Energy Saving', is: 'The maximum amount...

  8. Electricity reform abroad and US investment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-10-01

    This report reviews and analyzes the recent electricity reforms in Argentina, Australia, and the United Kingdom (UK) to illustrate how different models of privatization and reform have worked in practice. This report also analyzes the motivations of the U.S. companies who have invested in the electricity industries in these countries, which have become the largest targets of U.S. foreign investment in electricity. Two calculations of foreign investment are used. One is the foreign direct investment series produced by the U.S. Department of Commerce. The other is based on transactions in electric utilities of the three countries. The electricity reform and privatization experiences reviewed may offer some insight as to how the U.S. electricity industry might develop as a result of recent domestic reform efforts and deregulation at the state and national levels. 126 refs., 23 figs., 27 tabs.

  9. Biomass energy : a real estate investment perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foo, Chester Ren Jie

    2014-01-01

    A central consideration in real estate is how value is created in real estate development and investment deals. A biomass power plant is not only an asset which generates revenues, but from a real estate perspective, it ...

  10. Investment in Safety = Positive Bottom Line Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) is suggesting that businesses invest now in workplace safety, as part of their business strategy. In response to a recent job report released by the U.S. Department of Labor showing little change in the employment rate, the ASSE is suggesting that investment in workplace safety to decrease injuries and illness will in turn increase profits and help create jobs.

  11. Investing in Minority Banks | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFinancialInvesting in Minority Banks Investing in Minority Banks Our

  12. Investment performance of life-science venture capital investment funds, persistence, and subsector analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behrens, Jeffrey S

    2007-01-01

    Venture capital investment performance data and performance attribution are not typically published. Venture investors articulate (and sell to LPs) conflicting strategies; the popular business literature and culture is ...

  13. Whose parking space is it? : managing residential parking in the context of urban growth : case study of Cambridge, MA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Winnie C

    2014-01-01

    In the context of urban growth, how can a city approach residential parking issues? Cambridge, MA is experiencing rapid growth in real estate development and investment, shifts in demographics and travel behavior. How do ...

  14. Why Invest in Programs for Adolescents and Adults with Autism?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Why Invest in Programs for Adolescents and Adults with Autism? Why Invest in Programs for Adolescents and Adults with Autism? Clarence E. Schutt, Ph.D.Clarence E. Schutt, Ph.D.Clarence E. Schutt, Ph.D. #12;Why invest now?Why invest now? The number of adults is growing fast. Autism is a poorly

  15. Foreign Direct Investment in U.S. Energy

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2009-01-01

    This report describes the role of direct foreign ownership of U.S. energy enterprises with respect to their energy operations, capital investments, and net foreign investment flows (including net loans). In addition, since energy investments are made in a global context, the report examines patterns of direct investment in foreign energy enterprises by U.S.-based companies.

  16. Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ugwuibe, Cynthia

    2012-01-01

    Savings Authority Oil Investment Corporation of ReserveBrunei Iran Oil Oil Libyan Investment Authority Reserve Fundcurrent and future investments of oil windfalls. Since

  17. Metropolitan High-Technology Industry Growth in the Mid 1970s: Can Everyone Have a Slice of the High-Tech Pie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasmeier, Amy; Hall, Peter; Markusen, Ann R.

    1984-01-01

    surroundi ng high-technology (high-tech) i ndus­ tries is incommunities compete for high - tech employment with only agoverning the diffusion of high-tech development. All too

  18. Measuring the Economic Impacts of Federal Investments in Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olson, S; Merrill, S

    2011-08-31

    Measuring the Economic Impacts of Federal Investments in Research evaluates approaches to measuring the returns on federal research investments. This report identifies new methodologies and metrics that can be developed and used for assessing returns on research across a wide range of fields (biomedical, information technology, energy, agriculture, environment, and other biological and physical sciences, etc.), while using one or more background papers that review current methodologies as a starting point for the discussion. It focuses on tools that are able to exploit available data in the relatively near term rather than on methodologies that may require substantial new data collection. Over the last several years, there has been a growing interest in policy circles in identifying the payoffs from federal agency research investments, especially in terms of economic growth, competitiveness, and jobs. The extraordinary increase in research expenditures under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009 and the President'?s commitment to science and technology (S&T) funding increases going forward have heightened the need for measuring the impacts of research investments. Without a credible analysis of their outcomes, the recent and proposed increases in S&T funding may not be sustained, especially given competing claims for federal funding and pressures to reduce projected federal budget deficits. Motivated by these needs and requirements, Measuring the Economic Impacts of Federal Investments in Research reviews and discusses the use of quantitative and qualitative data to evaluate the returns on federal research and development (R&D) investments. Despite the job-focused mandate of the current ARRA reporting requirements, the impact of S&T funding extend well beyond employment. For instance, federal funding in energy research may lead to innovations that would reduce energy costs at the household level, energy imports at the national level, and greenhouse gas emissions at the global level. In principle, these benefits can be measured as a return on research investments, with appropriate consideration of time lags to research outcomes and attribution to private as well as public expenditure. With appropriate metrics, the same could be true for benefits to public health, environmental quality, and food productivity and security. Federal funding of research leads to the development of human capital that is deployed in a variety of occupations with economic and social impacts. Research also produces information that is used in formal (e.g., regulatory and judicial) and informal (e.g., firm and consumer) decision making processes. In addition to reviewing the range of work (by academics, consultants, and research agencies themselves) that has been done in measuring research outcomes and providing a forum to discuss their methods, this report also considers the different methodologies used across fields of research (e.g., agriculture and energy research) to identifies which are applicable to a range of federal S&T funding.

  19. High Quality Epitaxial Growth of GaAsyP1-y Alloys on Si1-xGex Virtual P. Sharma, M. T. Bulsara, and E. A. Fitzgerald

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in an appropriate temperature window, could produce high-quality GaAs thin films on Ge. Over a range of growth, tandem solar cell designs on Si. Despite the lattice-matched condition of GaP on Si, low defect density less than 106 /cm2 ) has not been reported in the literature [1-4]. In contrast, the analogous GaAs

  20. Deposition of High-Quality a-Si:H by Suppressing Growth of a-Si Clusters in SiH4 Plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watanabe, Yukio [Kyushu Electric College, Fukuoka 812-0018 (Japan); Shiratani, Masaharu; Koga, Kazunori [Graduate School of Information Science and Electrical Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan)

    2005-10-31

    The density of Si-particles in a small size range below 10nm (referred to as clusters) in SiH4 capacitively-coupled high-frequency discharges amounts to 1011cm-3 even under deposition conditions of device-quality a-Si:H films. The results reported until now regarding the growth of such clusters are shown to be reasonably understood by taking into account the effects of gas flow on the growth. The Si-H2 bond formation in the a-Si films are found to be mainly contributed by incorporation of large clusters (clusters in a range above about 0.5 nm in size) rather than higher-order-silane (HOS) radicals [SinHx (n<5, x<2n+2)] in the plasma. By employing the cluster-suppressed plasma CVD reactors, the remarkable decrease in Si-H2 bond density in the films is realized, leading to the deposition of a-Si:H films of less light-induced degradation. Based on the knowledge of cluster growth obtained until now, the reactor with a potentiality of high rate deposition of high-quality films is proposed and its preliminary results are presented.

  1. Rapid prototyping: A paradigm shift in investment casting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atwood, C.L.; Maguire, M.C.; Baldwin, M.D.; Pardo, B.T.

    1996-09-01

    The quest for fabricating complex metal parts rapidly and with minimal cost has brought rapid prototyping (RP) processes to the forefront of the investment casting industry. Relatively recent advances in DTM Corporation`s selective laser sintering (SLS) and 3D Systems stereolithography (SL) processes have had a significant impact on the overall quality of patterns produced using these rapid prototyping processes. Sandia National Laboratories uses patterns generated from rapid prototyping processes to reduce the cycle time and cost of fabricating prototype and small lot production parts in support of a program called FASTCAST. The SLS process is used to fabricate patterns from materials such as investment casting wax, polycarbonate, and a new material called TrueForm PM{trademark}. With the timely introduction of each of these materials, the quality of patterns fabricated has improved. The development and implementation of SL QuickCast{trademark} software has enabled this process to produce highly accurate patterns for use in investment casting. This paper focuses on the successes with these new pattern materials and the infrastructure required to cast rapid prototyping patterns successfully. In addition, a brief overview of other applications of rapid prototyping at Sandia will be discussed.

  2. Metropolitan High-Technology Industry Growth in the Mid 1970s: Can Everyone Have a Slice of the High-Tech Pie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasmeier, Amy; Hall, Peter; Markusen, Ann R.

    1984-01-01

    tion and Gro wth in High Technology Industries: A R egionalC . Burke , Thomas. 1 97 9 . High Technology En terprise in1 9 83c. De fining High Technology Industries. I nstitute of

  3. The Growth of InGaAsN for High Efficiency Solar Cells by Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ALLERMAN,ANDREW A.; BANKS,JAMES C.; GEE,JAMES M.; JONES,ERIC D.; KURTZ,STEVEN R.

    1999-09-16

    InGaAsN alloys are a promising material for increasing the efficiency of multi-junction solar cells now used for satellite power systems. However, the growth of these dilute N containing alloys has been challenging with further improvements in material quality needed before the solar cell higher efficiencies are realized. Nitrogen/V ratios exceeding 0.981 resulted in lower N incorporation and poor surface morphologies. The growth rate was found to depend on not only the total group III transport for a fixed N/V ratio but also on the N/V ratio. Carbon tetrachloride and dimethylzinc were effective for p-type doping. Disilane was not an effective n-type dopant while SiCl4 did result in n-type material but only a narrow range of electron concentrations (2-5e17cm{sup -3}) were achieved.

  4. High density and taper-free boron doped Si{sub 1?x}Ge{sub x} nanowire via two-step growth process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Periwal, Priyanka; Salem, Bassem; Bassani, Franck; Baron, Thierry, E-mail: thierry.baron@cea.fr [University of Grenoble Alpes LTM, F-38000 Grenoble, France and CNRS LTM, UMR-5129, F-38000 Grenoble (France); Barnes, Jean-Paul [CEA-Leti, MINATEC Campus, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France)

    2014-07-01

    The authors study Au catalyzed chemical vapor growth of Si{sub 1?x}Ge{sub x} alloyed nanowires in the presence of diborane, serving as a dopant precursor. Our experiments reveal that introduction of diborane has a significant effect on doping and morphology. Boron exposure poisons the Au catalyst surface, suppresses catalyst activity, and causes significantly tapered wires, as a result of conformal growth. The authors develop here a two-step method to obtain high density and taper-free boron doped Si{sub 1?x}Ge{sub x} alloy nanowires. The two-step process consists of: (1) growth of a small undoped Si{sub 1?x}Ge{sub x} section and (2) introduction of diborane to form a boron doped Si{sub 1?x}Ge{sub x} section. The catalyst preparation step remarkably influences wire yield, quality and morphology. The authors show that dopant-ratio influences wire resistivity and morphology. Resistivity for high boron doped Si{sub 1?x}Ge{sub x} nanowire is 6 m?-cm. Four probe measurements show that it is possible to dope Si{sub 1?x}Ge{sub x} alloy nanowires with diborane.

  5. Corporate Realignments and Investments in the Interstate Natural Gas Transmission System

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1999-01-01

    Examines the financial characteristics of current ownership in the natural gas pipeline industry and of the major U.S. interstate pipeline companies that transported the bulk of the natural gas consumed in the United States between 1992 and 1997, focusing on 14 parent corporations. It also examines the near-term investment needs of the industry and the anticipated growth in demand for natural gas during the next decade.

  6. U.S. Energy Infrastructure Investment: Large-Scale Integrated Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U.S. Energy Infrastructure Investment: Large-Scale Integrated Smart Grid Solutions with High: LargeScale Integrated Smart Grid Solutions with High Penetration of Renewable Resources, Dispersed- ing electricity grid. Much attention is being given to smart grid development in the U.S. and around

  7. CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 106, NO. 5, 10 MARCH 2014 665 What makes Gujarat a hotspot for solar energy investments?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshi, Yogesh Moreshwar

    energy investments? Komalirani Yenneti With over 300 days of sunshine and solar radiation of 5.6­6.0 kWh/m2 /day (refs 1, 2), the state of Gujarat has a potential of generating 750 GW from solar energy3 II, the project is expected to generate about 500 MW of solar energy. All this growth in the solar

  8. Do Generation Firms in Restructured Electricity Markets Have Incentives to Support Social-Welfare-Improving Transmission Investments? *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    Transmission Grid Study of the U.S. Department of Energy (Abraham, 2002) declares: "Growth in electricity of incentives for investment in the U.S. electricity transmission system are sparse. Moreover, noneDo Generation Firms in Restructured Electricity Markets Have Incentives to Support Social

  9. Climate Contracts: A Game of Emissions, Investments,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lųw, Erik

    less fossil fuel today, while a more long-term solution might be to invest in renewable energy sources duration may reflect the difficulties or costs of committing to the distant future. With this motivation, I quotas, I abstract from the difficulties of motivating participation and compliance. Review of Economic

  10. AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF NET INVESTMENT IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the cost of capital has been ignored in past research efforts. Yet. the cost of capital is likely a major and fluctuations in the cost of debt and equity capital. Futhermore, this deter- minent of aggregate investment in the indus- try to fluctuations in the cost of equity and debt capital. This study begins by examining

  11. Investments and forward utilities Marek Musiela

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zariphopoulou, Thaleia

    Investments and forward utilities Marek Musiela and Thaleia Zariphopoulou BNP Paribas, London proposes a new approach for portfolio allocation. The novel concept of forward dynamic utility is introduced. General classes of such utilities are constructed by combining the local variational util- ity

  12. Tool to Prioritize Energy Efficiency Investments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Philip Farese, Rachel Gelman, Robert Hendron

    2012-08-14

    To provide analytic support of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of the Building Technology Program (BTP), NREL developed a Microsoft Excel-based tool to provide an open and objective comparison of the hundreds of investment opportunities available to BTP. This tool uses established methodologies to evaluate the energy savings and cost of those savings.

  13. Macroeconomics and Health: Investing in Health for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macroeconomics and Health: Investing in Health for Economic Development #12;Information concerning be obtained from: World Health Organization Marketing and Dissemination 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland tel: (41 clear and strong on the central task of raising the health of the poor. I can be `realistic

  14. Tool to Prioritize Energy Efficiency Investments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farese, P.; Gelman, R.; Hendron, R.

    2012-08-01

    To provide analytic support of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of the Building Technology Program (BTP), NREL developed a Microsoft Excel-based tool to provide an open and objective comparison of the hundreds of investment opportunities available to BTP. This tool uses established methodologies to evaluate the energy savings and cost of those savings.

  15. Government Leasing Policy and the Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game in Offshore Petroleum Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia; Leighty, Wayne

    2007-01-01

    multi-stage investment timing decisions in oil explorationthe investment and production timing decisions in oil supplyoil production decisions rather than exploration and development investments,

  16. Sphere-Shaped Hierarchical Cathode with Enhanced Growth of Nanocrystal Planes for High-Rate and Cycling-Stable Li-Ion Batteries

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhang, Linjing [Beijing Inst. of Technology (China). Key Lab. of Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering and the Environment; Li, Ning [Beijing Inst. of Technology (China). Key Lab. of Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering and the Environment; Wu, Borong [Beijing Inst. of Technology (China). Key Lab. of Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering and the Environment; Beijing Higher Institution Engineering Research Center of Power Battery and Chemical Energy Materials (China); Xu, Hongliang [Beijing Inst. of Technology (China). Key Lab. of Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering and the Environment; Wang, Lei [Beijing Inst. of Technology (China). Key Lab. of Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering and the Environment; Yang, Xiao-Qing [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Chemistry Dept.; Wu, Feng [Beijing Inst. of Technology (China). Key Lab. of Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering and the Environment

    2015-01-14

    High-energy and high-power Li-ion batteries have been intensively pursued as power sources in electronic vehicles and renewable energy storage systems in smart grids. With this purpose, developing high-performance cathode materials is urgently needed. Here we report an easy and versatile strategy to fabricate high-rate and cycling-stable hierarchical sphered cathode Li1.2Ni0.13Mn0.54Co0.13O2, by using an ionic interfusion method. The sphere-shaped hierarchical cathode is assembled with primary nanoplates with enhanced growth of nanocrystal planes in favor of Li+ intercalation/deintercalation, such as (010), (100), and (110) planes. This material with such unique structural features exhibits outstanding rate capability, cyclability, and high discharge capacities, achieving around 70% (175 mAhg–1) of the capacity at 0.1 C rate within about 2.1 min of ultrafast charging. Such cathode is feasible to construct high-energy and high-power Li-ion batteries.

  17. Sphere-Shaped Hierarchical Cathode with Enhanced Growth of Nanocrystal Planes for High-Rate and Cycling-Stable Li-Ion Batteries

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhang, Linjing; Li, Ning; Wu, Borong; Xu, Hongliang; Wang, Lei; Yang, Xiao-Qing; Wu, Feng

    2015-01-14

    High-energy and high-power Li-ion batteries have been intensively pursued as power sources in electronic vehicles and renewable energy storage systems in smart grids. With this purpose, developing high-performance cathode materials is urgently needed. Here we report an easy and versatile strategy to fabricate high-rate and cycling-stable hierarchical sphered cathode Li1.2Ni0.13Mn0.54Co0.13O2, by using an ionic interfusion method. The sphere-shaped hierarchical cathode is assembled with primary nanoplates with enhanced growth of nanocrystal planes in favor of Li+ intercalation/deintercalation, such as (010), (100), and (110) planes. This material with such unique structural features exhibits outstanding rate capability, cyclability, and high discharge capacities, achievingmore »around 70% (175 mAhg–1) of the capacity at 0.1 C rate within about 2.1 min of ultrafast charging. Such cathode is feasible to construct high-energy and high-power Li-ion batteries.« less

  18. Advanced Pattern Material for Investment Casting Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    F. Douglas Neece Neil Chaudhry

    2006-02-08

    Cleveland Tool and Machine (CTM) of Cleveland, Ohio in conjunction with Harrington Product Development Center (HPDC) of Cincinnati, Ohio have developed an advanced, dimensionally accurate, temperature-stable, energy-efficient and cost-effective material and process to manufacture patterns for the investment casting industry. In the proposed technology, FOPAT (aFOam PATtern material) has been developed which is especially compatible with the investment casting process and offers the following advantages: increased dimensional accuracy; increased temperature stability; lower cost per pattern; less energy consumption per pattern; decreased cost of pattern making equipment; decreased tooling cost; increased casting yield. The present method for investment casting is "the lost wax" process, which is exactly that, the use of wax as a pattern material, which is then melted out or "lost" from the ceramic shell. The molten metal is then poured into the ceramic shell to produce a metal casting. This process goes back thousands of years and while there have been improvements in the wax and processing technology, the material is basically the same, wax. The proposed technology is based upon an established industrial process of "Reaction Injection Molding" (RIM) where two components react when mixed and then "molded" to form a part. The proposed technology has been modified and improved with the needs of investment casting in mind. A proprietary mix of components has been formulated which react and expand to form a foam-like product. The result is an investment casting pattern with smooth surface finish and excellent dimensional predictability along with the other key benefits listed above.

  19. Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs): An Alternative Investment in Volatile Financial Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosen, Kenneth T.; Anderson, Matt; Torres, Michael; Lyons, Jennifer

    2001-01-01

    I Berkeley FISHER CENTER FOR REAL ESTATE AND URBAN ECONOMICSWORKING PAPER NO. 01-278 REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUSTS (2) the NCREIF (private real estate) Index, (3) Standard and

  20. Investment Model for Renewable Electricity Systems (IMRES): an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    Investment Model for Renewable Electricity Systems (IMRES): an Electricity Generation Capacity Model for Renewable Electricity Systems (IMRES): an Electricity Generation Capacity Expansion, that facilitate renewable integration and reduce the total system cost. 1 Introduction The Investment Model

  1. Investment in Energy Infrastructure and the Tax Code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metcalf, Gilbert E.

    Federal tax policy provides a broad array of incentives for energy investment. I review those policies and construct estimates of marginal effective tax rates for different energy capital investments as of 2007. Effective ...

  2. How does financial reporting quality relate to investment efficiency?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biddle, Gary C.

    Prior evidence that higher-quality financial reporting improves capital investment efficiency leaves unaddressed whether it reduces over- or under-investment. This study provides evidence of both in documenting a conditional ...

  3. Information Environment and the Investment Decisions of Multinational Corporations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shroff, Nemit

    This paper examines how the external information environment in which foreign subsidiaries operate affects the investment decisions of multinational corporations (MNCs). We hypothesize and find that the investment decisions ...

  4. Economic Impact of Recovery Act Investments in the Smart Grid...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Economic Impact of Recovery Act Investments in the Smart Grid Report Now Available Economic Impact of Recovery Act Investments in the Smart Grid Report Now Available April 25, 2013...

  5. Energy Department Invests $60 Million to Advance Nuclear Technology...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Invests 60 Million to Advance Nuclear Technology Energy Department Invests 60 Million to Advance Nuclear Technology June 5, 2015 - 11:18am Addthis News Media Contact 202-586-4940...

  6. University of Minnesota Morris Clean Energy Investments Recognized...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Minnesota Morris Clean Energy Investments Recognized by U.S. Department of Energy University of Minnesota Morris Clean Energy Investments Recognized by U.S. Department of Energy...

  7. Energy Department Invests Over $7 Million to Deploy Tribal Clean...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Invests Over 7 Million to Deploy Tribal Clean Energy Projects Energy Department Invests Over 7 Million to Deploy Tribal Clean Energy Projects November 14, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis...

  8. Opportunities and challenges of investing in Indian real estate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadhwani, Kunal (Kunal P.)

    2009-01-01

    In recent years, global real estate investment has become an important component of efficient global mixed asset portfolios. Although these investments carry increased political, regulatory and currency risk, international ...

  9. Investment dynamics and the timeliness properties of accounting numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papadakis, George, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines the properties of accounting numbers using a real investment framework that predicts asymmetric timeliness of both investment and its outcomes (i.e. sales, earnings and operating cash flows) even in the ...

  10. Energy Department Announces New Investment to Reduce Fuel Cell...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Announces New Investment to Reduce Fuel Cell Costs Energy Department Announces New Investment to Reduce Fuel Cell Costs August 1, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis In support of the Obama...

  11. Energy Department Invests to Save Small Buildings Money by Saving...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Invests to Save Small Buildings Money by Saving Energy Energy Department Invests to Save Small Buildings Money by Saving Energy July 17, 2013 - 1:00pm Addthis News Media Contact...

  12. Spleen tyrosine kinase mediates high glucose-induced transforming growth factor-{beta}1 up-regulation in proximal tubular epithelial cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Won Seok; Chang, Jai Won [Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)] [Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Han, Nam Jeong [Department of Cell Biology, Asan Institute for Life Sciences, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Cell Biology, Asan Institute for Life Sciences, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Sang Koo [Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)] [Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Park, Su-Kil, E-mail: skpark@amc.seoul.kr [Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)] [Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-09-10

    The role of spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) in high glucose-induced intracellular signal transduction has yet to be elucidated. We investigated whether Syk is implicated in high glucose-induced transforming growth factor-{beta}1 (TGF-{beta}1) up-regulation in cultured human proximal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2 cell). High glucose increased TGF-{beta}1 gene expression through Syk, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), AP-1 and NF-{kappa}B. High glucose-induced AP-1 DNA binding activity was decreased by Syk inhibitors and U0126 (an ERK inhibitor). Syk inhibitors suppressed high glucose-induced ERK activation, whereas U0126 had no effect on Syk activation. High glucose-induced NF-{kappa}B DNA binding activity was also decreased by Syk inhibitors. High glucose increased nuclear translocation of p65 without serine phosphorylation of I{kappa}B{alpha} and without degradation of I{kappa}B{alpha}, but with an increase in tyrosine phosphorylation of I{kappa}B{alpha} that may account for the activation of NF-{kappa}B. Both Syk inhibitors and Syk-siRNA attenuated high glucose-induced I{kappa}B{alpha} tyrosine phosphorylation and p65 nuclear translocation. Depletion of p21-activated kinase 2 (Pak2) by transfection of Pak2-siRNA abolished high glucose-induced Syk activation. In summary, high glucose-induced TGF-{beta}1 gene transcription occurred through Pak2, Syk and subsequent ERK/AP-1 and NF-{kappa}B pathways. This suggests that Syk might be implicated in the diabetic kidney disease.

  13. Energy Returned On Investment of Engineered Geothermal Systems

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Project objective: Determine the Energy Returned on Investment (EROI) for electric power production of Engineered Geothermal Systems (EGS).

  14. Hybrid Renewable Energy Investment in Microgrid Hao Wang, Jianwei Huang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    Hybrid Renewable Energy Investment in Microgrid Hao Wang, Jianwei Huang Network Communications: {haowang, jwhuang}@ie.cuhk.edu.hk Abstract--Both solar energy and wind energy are promising renewable the hybrid renewable energy investment in the microgrid. We jointly consider the investment and operation

  15. Technical Report for "Hybrid Renewable Energy Investment in Microgrid"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    1 Technical Report for "Hybrid Renewable Energy Investment in Microgrid" Hao Wang, Jianwei Huang of Hong Kong, and aim at studying the hybrid renewable energy investment in the microgrid. We jointly the microgrid operator's perspective. In the first period, the operator makes optimal investment decisions

  16. Hybrid Renewable Energy Investment in Microgrid Hao Wang, Jianwei Huang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    Hybrid Renewable Energy Investment in Microgrid Hao Wang, Jianwei Huang Network Communications the hybrid renewable energy investment in the microgrid. We jointly consider the investment and operation problem, and present a two-period stochastic programming model from the microgrid operator's perspective

  17. NASA Earth Science Technology Office (ESTO) Decadal Survey Technology Investments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian, Eric

    investments · Risks are retired before major dollars are invested: a cost-effective approach to technologyNASA Earth Science Technology Office (ESTO) Decadal Survey Technology Investments January 7, 2009 #12;Overview: Earth Science Technology Office Science Driven, Competed, Actively Managed

  18. Accounting for and finance of generation investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newbery, David

    , as consumer advocates will criticise the mismatch between the IPP price and the electricity sales price. As the share of IPP power increases, either retail prices must rise, or the electricity company faces bankruptcy, common features of the Indian ESI... -owned utilities, electricity investment, pricing, accounting, cost of capital JEL Classification L32, L51, L94 Contact dmgn@econ.cam.ac.uk Publication July 2008 Financial Support ESRC, EPRG Under-pricing electricity and the puzzle of regulatory accounting...

  19. Energy Return on Investment - Fuel Recycle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Halsey, W; Simon, A J; Fratoni, M; Smith, C; Schwab, P; Murray, P

    2012-06-06

    This report provides a methodology and requisite data to assess the potential Energy Return On Investment (EROI) for nuclear fuel cycle alternatives, and applies that methodology to a limited set of used fuel recycle scenarios. This paper is based on a study by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and a parallel evaluation by AREVA Federal Services LLC, both of which were sponsored by the DOE Fuel Cycle Technologies (FCT) Program. The focus of the LLNL effort was to develop a methodology that can be used by the FCT program for such analysis that is consistent with the broader energy modeling community, and the focus of the AREVA effort was to bring industrial experience and operational data into the analysis. This cooperative effort successfully combined expertise from the energy modeling community with expertise from the nuclear industry. Energy Return on Investment is one of many figures of merit on which investment in a new energy facility or process may be judged. EROI is the ratio of the energy delivered by a facility divided by the energy used to construct, operate and decommission that facility. While EROI is not the only criterion used to make an investment decision, it has been shown that, in technologically advanced societies, energy supplies must exceed a minimum EROI. Furthermore, technological history shows a trend towards higher EROI energy supplies. EROI calculations have been performed for many components of energy technology: oil wells, wind turbines, photovoltaic modules, biofuels, and nuclear reactors. This report represents the first standalone EROI analysis of nuclear fuel reprocessing (or recycling) facilities.

  20. Renaissance Carbon Investment Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk, New York: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Carbon Investment

  1. Technology Investment Agreements | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFinancialInvestingRenewableTeach and Learn Teach and LearnTechnology

  2. Federal investment in fossil energy technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    On February 21, 1995, during a Congressional hearing on the FY 1996 budget request for the Department of Energy`s Office of Fossil Energy, Congressman David Skaggs of the House Appropriations Committee Subcommittee on the Interior and Related Agencies, requested that Assistant Secretary Patricia Godley submit statements from private companies and others on the value of Federal investments in coal, oil and natural gas technology programs. Specifically, Rep. Skaggs asked for public testimony from private industry and others that would cite examples of technology that has been {open_quotes}brought to market viability or near viability that simply would not have happened if left to private investment decisions alone.{close_quotes} The Department responded with the views of more than 280 industry officials, university professors, and State officials. Most of the responses cited specific technologies or advances that would not have been done, or done as quickly, without Federal investment. Others cited the educational opportunities created as part of Department of Energy-sponsored fossil energy university research. Still others cited improvements in the public knowledge base that have benefitted the private sector.

  3. A boom in energy technology innovation despite decades of stagnant investment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bettencourt, Luis M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Trancik, Jessika A [SANTA FE INSTITUTE; Kaur, Jasleen [INDIANA UNIV

    2009-01-01

    Rates of patenting in energy technologies in the United States stagnated during a period of low federal investment in the sector from the mid-1980's through 2000. To analyze the current state of the field, we built a new comprehensive database of energy patents in the USA and worldwide aggregated by nation and technology. We show that innovation in energy technologies, as measured by numbers of new patents, has grown dramatically over the last decade both for renewable and fossil fuel-based technologies, but that traditional investment -government and private support for research and development (R&D) -has not risen commensurately. We also show that while venture capital investment in the sector has increased significantly in the last few years it lags the observed uptick in patenting. We find increasing patenting rates in nations worldwide but also differences in regional priorities, as well as a marked divergence in innovation rates across technologies. Renewable energy technologies - especially solar and wind - currently show the fastest rates of innovation, while patenting levels in nuclear fission have remained low despite relatively high levels of sustained investment. While this sharp increase of innovative activity bodes well for change in the energy sector, the future of emerging technologies may hinge on sustained investment in R&D and favorable incentives for market entry.

  4. Master Limited Partnerships and Real Estate Investment Trusts: Opportunities and Potential Complications for Renewable Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feldman, D.; Settle, E.

    2013-11-01

    Master Limited Partnerships (MLPs) and Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) are two proposed investment vehicles which have the potential to lower renewable energy assets' high cost of capital; a critical factor in the Department of Energy's goal for renewable energy to achieve grid-parity with traditional sources of electric generation. Due to current U.S. federal income tax laws, regulations, and administrative interpretations, REITs and MLPs cannot finance a significant portion of the cost of renewable energy assets. Efforts are underway to alter these rules by changing the definition of 'real property' (REIT) and 'qualified income' (MLP). However, even with rule changes, both investment vehicles have structural challenges to efficiently finance renewable energy assets. Among them are 1) effectively utilizing the U.S. federal income tax incentives; 2) administratively structuring the investments to not be overly onerous or complicated, given the potential for pooling a relatively large amount of small assets; and 3) attracting and retaining a large enough investment community to participate in the funding opportunities. This report summarizes these challenges so that if proposed federal changes are made, stakeholders have an understanding of the possible outcomes.

  5. Just in Time Webinars: Session 1 – Managing Your Investment-Grade Audit

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This webinar discusses how to manage an investment-grade audit (IGA) by establishing roles and responsibilities of interdependent team members to achieve a high quality IGA, and using the synergy of contracting and technical team interaction to scope your project requirements and guide proposal development.

  6. Investments in fossil energy technology: How the government's fossil energy R&D program has made a difference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-03-01

    America has the technological capacity to change its energy future. There is no reason, for example, why our nation must continue following a path of rising oil imports when billions of barrels of crude oil remain in domestic oil fields. There is no reason why we cannot continue to use our abundant supplies of high-value, low-cost coal when we have the scientific know-how to remove virtually all of its pollutants and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. There is no reason why we cannot turn increasingly to clean-burning natural gas and tap the huge supplies we know exist within our borders. We remain a nation rich in the fuels that have powered economic growth. Today 85 percent of the energy we use to heat our homes and businesses, generate our electricity, and fuel our vehicles comes from coal, petroleum and natural gas. As we move toward a new century, the contributions of these fuels will grow. By 2015, the United States is likely to require nearly 20 percent more energy than it uses today, and fossil fuels are projected to supply almost 88 percent of the energy Americans will consume. We have the scientific know-how to continue using our fossil fuel wealth without fear of environmental damage or skyrocketing costs. The key is technology - developing cutting edge concepts that are beyond the private sector's current capabilities. Some of the most important innovations in America's energy industry are the results of investments in the Federal government's fossil energy research and development programs. Today, our air and water are cleaner, our economy is stronger, and our industries are more competitive in the global market because these programs have produced results. This booklet summarizes many of these achievements. It is not a comprehensive list by any means. Still, it provides solid evidence that the taxpayers' investment in government fossil energy research has paid real and measurable dividends.

  7. High-Dose Estrogen and Clinical Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators Induce Growth Arrest, p21, and p53 in Primate Ovarian Surface Epithelial Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, Jay W.; Stouffer, Richard L.; Rodland, Karin D.

    2005-06-09

    Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecological cancer affecting women. Hormone-based therapies are variably successful in treating ovarian cancer, but the reasoning behind these therapies is paradoxical. Clinical reagents such as tamoxifen are considered to inhibit or reverse tumor growth by competitive inhibition of the estrogen receptor (ER); however high dose estrogen is as clinically effective as tamoxifen, and it is unlikely that estrogen is acting by blocking ER activity; however, it may be activating a unique function of the ER that is nonmitogenic. For poorly defined reasons, 90% of varian cancers derive from the ovarian surface epithelium (OSE). In vivo the ER-positive OSE is exposed to high estrogen levels, reaching micromolar concentrations in dominant ovarian follicles. Using cultured OSE cells in vitro, we show that these levels of estradiol (1 ug/ml; {approx}3um) block the actions of serum growth factors, activate the G1 phase retinoblastoma AQ:A checkpoint, and induce p21, an inhibitor of kinases that normally inactivate the retinoblastoma checkpoint. We also show that estradiol increases p53 levels, which may contribute to p21 induction. Supporting the hypothesis that clinical selective ER modulators activate this novel ER function, we find that micromolar doses of tamoxifen and the ''pure antiestrogen'' ICI 182,780 elicit the same effects as estradiol. We propose that, in the context of proliferation, these data clarify some paradoxical aspects of hormone-based therapy and suggest that fuller understanding of normal ER function is necessary to improve therapeutic strategies that target the ER. (J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90: 0000-0000, 2005)

  8. High Strain, /001S Textured 0.675Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O30.325PbTiO3 Ceramics: Templated Grain Growth and Piezoelectric Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Messing, Gary L.

    High Strain, /001S Textured 0.675Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3­0.325PbTiO3 Ceramics: Templated Grain Growth­ 0.325PbTiO3 (PMN­32.5PT) ceramics were textured (grain- oriented) in the /001S-crystallographic direction by the templated grain growth process. The textured PMN­32.5PT ceramics were produced by orienting

  9. Climate Investment Funds | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,Coal Technologies Place:StandardsFinance OptionsInvestment Funds

  10. CHO Invest EU1 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC JumpBiossenceBrunswick, Maine:IAEAT JumpCEECHO Invest EU1 Jump to:

  11. Ludgate Investments Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervarLeeds,Asia-Pacific DevelopingLower ValleyLudgate Investments

  12. Rocky Mountain Humane Investing | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report UrlNM-bRenewable Energy|Gas and ElectricofWindHumane Investing

  13. Vert Investment Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin FilmUnitedVairexVert Investment Group Jump to: navigation,

  14. Alltronic Tech Investment Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand DaltonSolarOpen5All Home > AllOhioClimateAlltronic Tech Investment

  15. Aquillian Investments LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYork Jump| OpenExploration At TheWindAquillian Investments

  16. Pivotal Investments Fund | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly SmartDB-2, Blue MountainSchool District Wind FarmInvestments Fund

  17. THE EFFECT OF INCREASING TRANSPORTATION COST ON FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gressler, Kimberly

    2009-06-09

    been developed will be expanded to include the dramatic changes in oil prices pre Y2K and post Y2K. It was hypothesized that results will reflect that the cost of transportation will drive investment closer, rather than further, from the origin... on regional country choice of investment. Previous research has confirmed this. Specifically, research conducted in Mileski (2000) has proven that key events that have affected the international oil supply has shown shift in locations chosen for investment...

  18. Growth, strain relaxation properties and high-? dielectric integration of mixed-anion GaAs{sub 1-y}Sb{sub y} metamorphic materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu, Y.; Clavel, M.; Goley, P.; Hudait, M. K., E-mail: mantu.hudait@vt.edu [Advanced Devices and Sustainable Energy Laboratory (ADSEL), Bradley Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States)

    2014-10-07

    Mixed-anion, GaAs{sub 1-y}Sb{sub y} metamorphic materials with a wide range of antimony (Sb) compositions extending from 15% to 62%, were grown by solid source molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) on GaAs substrates. The impact of different growth parameters on the Sb composition in GaAs{sub 1-y}Sb{sub y} materials was systemically investigated. The Sb composition was well-controlled by carefully optimizing the As/Ga ratio, the Sb/Ga ratio, and the substrate temperature during the MBE growth process. High-resolution x-ray diffraction demonstrated a quasi-complete strain relaxation within each composition of GaAs{sub 1-y}Sb{sub y}. Atomic force microscopy exhibited smooth surface morphologies across the wide range of Sb compositions in the GaAs{sub 1-y}Sb{sub y} structures. Selected high-? dielectric materials, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, HfO{sub 2}, and Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} were deposited using atomic layer deposition on the GaAs{sub 0.38}Sb{sub 0.62} material, and their respective band alignment properties were investigated by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Detailed XPS analysis revealed a valence band offset of >2 eV for all three dielectric materials on GaAs{sub 0.38}Sb{sub 0.62}, indicating the potential of utilizing these dielectrics on GaAs{sub 0.38}Sb{sub 0.62} for p-type metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) applications. Moreover, both Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and HfO{sub 2} showed a conduction band offset of >2 eV on GaAs{sub 0.38}Sb{sub 0.62}, suggesting these two dielectrics can also be used for n-type MOS applications. The well-controlled Sb composition in several GaAs{sub 1-y}Sb{sub y} material systems and the detailed band alignment analysis of multiple high-? dielectric materials on a fixed Sb composition, GaAs{sub 0.38}Sb{sub 0.62}, provides a pathway to utilize GaAs{sub 1-y}Sb{sub y} materials in future microelectronic and optoelectronic applications.

  19. American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009: Biomass Program Investments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-06-01

    This fact sheet discusses the Biomass Program's investments using Recovery Act funding, as well as make note of how Recovery Act projects are currently doing.

  20. Spurring Local Economic Development with Clean Energy Investments

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation, given through the DOE's Technical Assitance Program (TAP), provides information on Spurring Local Economic Development with Clean Energy Investments.

  1. Energy Department Announces More Than $59 Million Investment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DOENews@hq.doe.gov Energy Department Announces More Than 59 Million Investment in Solar Funding to Drive Solar Technology Innovation, Help Communities Boost Deployment...

  2. Secretary Bodman in Illinois Highlights Scientific Research Investment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    precious gems are used in applications for cell phones, artificial retinas and biosensors. To bolster investments in science necessary to develop advanced technologies,...

  3. Application of Target Value Design to Energy Efficiency Investments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyun Woo

    2012-01-01

    Investments in Energy-efficient Building Retrofits. ”buildings and energy-efficient buildings, and they maintainof building systems. Energy Efficient Building: A building

  4. Smart Grid Investment Grant Recipient FAQs | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    These Questions and Answers have been provided by DOE to Smart Grid Investment Grant selectees. The information discussed within these documents applies specifically and only to...

  5. NREL: News - NREL Supports China PV Investment and Financing...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Newsroom Bookmark and Share Printable Version News Release NR-2115 NREL Supports China PV Investment and Financing Alliance to Open Capital for Solar Deployment May 14, 2015 The...

  6. DOE Solid-State Lighting Program: Modest Investments, Extraordinary...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Modest Investments, Extraordinary Impacts DOE Solid-State Lighting Program Shaping the Future of Solid-State Lighting Today, LED (light-emitting diode) technologies illuminate...

  7. Smart Grid Investment Grant Selectee Kickoff Meeting | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Selectee Kickoff Meeting Smart Grid Investment Grant Selectee Kickoff Meeting Draft Agenda > (PDF 43 KB) THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 2009 7:00-8:00am Registration and Continental...

  8. Department of Energy to Invest $50 Million to Advance Domestic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to Advance Domestic Solar Manufacturing Market, Achieve SunShot Goal Department of Energy to Invest 50 Million to Advance Domestic Solar Manufacturing Market, Achieve SunShot...

  9. Valuation of Information Technology Investments as Real Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Eduardo S.; Zozaya-Gorostiza, Carlos

    2000-01-01

    1999) A Case for Using Real Options Pricing Analysis toExpansion Using Real Options Analysis. MIS Quarterly. Vol.Investment Opportunities as Real Options: Getting Started on

  10. Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid under Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqui, Afzal

    2008-01-01

    L, editor. 11 th Annual Real Options Conference, Berkeley,from its utility. Using the real options approach, we find aDistributed Generation; Real Options; Optimal Investment;

  11. An Empirical Investigation of Housing Investment under Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Downing, Chris; Wallace, Nancy

    2007-01-01

    office space: Tests of a real options model with competitiveIrreversible investment, real options, and com- petition:Tufano, 2002, When are real options exercised: An empirical

  12. Patent Protection, Market Uncertainty, and R&D Investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toole, Andrew A; Czarnitzki, Dirk

    2006-01-01

    Laarni T. (2004) “Real Options, Irreversible Investment andSpecial Issue on Real Options, Forthcoming. Carruth, Alan,level application of the real options theory,” unpublished

  13. Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid Under Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris

    2006-01-01

    utility. Using the real options approach, we find naturalDistributed Generation; Real Options; Optimal Investment. 1.based microgrid via the real options approach to determine

  14. Discussion of Consumer Perspectives on Regulation of Energy Efficiency Investments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2009-09-01

    Considers consumers' perspectives on policy and regulatory issues associated with the administration of energy efficiency investments funded by ratepayers of electric and natural gas utilities.

  15. Application of Target Value Design to Energy Efficiency Investments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyun Woo

    2012-01-01

    and Examples. ” Energy Efficiency, 2(2), 139-163. Horman, M.Design Strategies and Energy Efficient Technologies toInvestments in Energy-efficient Building Retrofits. ”

  16. DOE Hydrogen Program Saved Nearly 30 Million by Investing in...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, outllines how "DOE Hydrogen Program Saved Nearly 30 Million by Investing in Annual In-Progress Peer Reviews."...

  17. NREL Activities to Open Capital Market Investment and Bank Lending...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to Open Capital Market Investment and Bank Lending for Solar Deployment For NREL Finance Team Website Michael Mendelsohn and John Johsi U.S. Department of Energy Washington,...

  18. Energy Department Invests $14 Million in Innovative Building...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    14 Million in Innovative Building Efficiency Technologies Energy Department Invests 14 Million in Innovative Building Efficiency Technologies July 15, 2014 - 1:28pm Addthis The...

  19. Energy Department Invests $6 Million to Support Commercial Building...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Support Commercial Building Efficiency Energy Department Invests 6 Million to Support Commercial Building Efficiency July 24, 2014 - 5:08pm Addthis The Energy Department today...

  20. Xiongya Virgin Investment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Investment Co Ltd Place: Hongkong, China Product: An enterprise engages in financing offshore for China Longyuan Electric Power Group. Coordinates: 22.411249, 114.153542 Show...

  1. American Wind Energy Association Wind Energy Finance and Investment Seminar

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The American Wind Energy Association Wind Energy Finance and Investment Seminar will be attended by representatives in the financial sector, businesses, bankers, government and other nonprofit...

  2. Market Mechanisms for Financing Green Real Estate Investments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaffee, Dwight M.; Wallace, Nancy E.

    2009-01-01

    for Financing Green Real Estate Investments Dwight Ja?ee andenergy consumption, making real estate the largest consumingthe total. Within the real estate sector, the share of total

  3. Aligning Utility Incentives with Investment in Energy Efficiency...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Aligning Utility Incentives with Investment in Energy Efficiency: A Resource of the National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency (United States) Jump to: navigation, search Tool...

  4. Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid under Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqui, Afzal

    2008-01-01

    the long-term natural gas generation cost is stochastic, wethe consideration of generation cost threshold that triggersthat of natural gas generation cost delays investment while

  5. Public Finance Mechanisms to Mobilize Investment in Climate Change...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Public Finance Mechanisms to Mobilize Investment in Climate Change Mitigation Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Public Finance Mechanisms to Mobilize...

  6. Energy Department Invests Over $7 Million to Commercialize Cost...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    than 7 million for projects that will help bring cost-effective, advanced hydrogen and fuel cell technologies online faster. This investment - across four projects in Georgia,...

  7. Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of Buy American Provision of Section 1605 of the Recovery Act to Projects Under the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program More Documents & Publications Comments of Tendril...

  8. Aligning Utility Incentives with Investment in Energy Efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2007-11-01

    Describes the effects of utility spending on efficiency programs, how those effects could constitute barriers to investment in energy efficiency, and how policy mechanisms can reduce these barriers.

  9. Why Do Building Owners Invest in Bicycle-Oriented Design?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orrick, Phyllis; Trapenberg Frick, Karen; Ragland, David R

    2011-01-01

    Building Owners Invest in Bicycle-Oriented Design? Phyllisof California, Berkeley ISSUE Bicycle infrastructure designhas largely emphasized bicycle lanes and paths, with little

  10. Case Study - Con Edison Smart Grid Investment Grant

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    underground system. Case Study - Con Edison Smart Grid Investment Grant 2 Distribution Automation for the Long Haul Getting the entire system in place is a "heavy lift," says...

  11. NREL Supports China PV Investment and Financing Alliance to Open...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Supports China PV Investment and Financing Alliance to Open Capital for Solar Deployment May 14, 2015 The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the...

  12. Ruin probabilities under general investments and heavy-tailed claims

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hult, Henrik

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we study the asymptotic decay of finite time ruin probabilities for an insurance company that faces heavy-tailed claims, uses predictable investment strategies and makes investments in risky assets whose prices evolve according to quite general semimartingales. We show that the ruin problem corresponds to determining hitting probabilities for the solution to a randomly perturbed stochastic integral equation. We derive a large deviation result for the hitting probabilities that holds uniformly over a family of semimartingales and show that this result gives the asymptotic decay of finite time ruin probabilities under arbitrary investment strategies, including optimal investment strategies.

  13. Recovery Act Investment Moves EM Past Milestone of 100 Project...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    achievement: completion of more than 100 projects in its 6 billion cleanup of the Manhattan Project and Cold War legacy. Recovery Act Investment Moves EM Past Milestone of...

  14. Journal of Crystal Growth ] (

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) at high pressure of CO2 (initial PCO2 ¼ 55 bar) and moderate to high temperature (30 and 90 1C) was used and the dissolved quantity of CO2 have a significant effect on the average particle size, specific surface areaJournal of Crystal Growth ] (

  15. A Tool to Prioritize Energy Efficiency Investments

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To provide analytic support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of the Building Technology Program (BTP) we developed a comprehensive, straightforward Microsoft Excel-based tool to provide an open and objective comparison of the hundreds of investment opportunities available to BTP. We identified over 770 energy efficiency measures through literature review and expert interviews each of which was supported by peer-reviewed publication, laboratory testing, in-situ (i.e., "pilot") testing, engineering-macroeconomic analysis (e.g., through the technical support documents of BTP's Equipment and Appliance Standards Program), building-energy use modeling, or verified savings through mass adoption (e.g., utility or other energy efficiency programs).

  16. Fastcast: Integration and application of rapid prototyping and computational simulation to investment casting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maguire, M.C.; Baldwin, M.D.; Atwood, C.L.

    1996-09-01

    The emergence of several rapid prototyping and manufacturing (RP and M) technologies is having a dramatic impact on investment casting. While the most successful of the rapid prototyping technologies are almost a decade old, relatively recent process advances in their application have produced some remarkable success in utilizing their products as patterns for investment castings. Sandia National Laboratories has been developed highly coupled experimental and computational capabilities to examine the investment casting process with the intention of reducing the amount of time required to manufacture castings, and to increase the quality of the finished product. This presentation will begin with process aspects of RP and M pattern production and handling, shell fabrication, burnout, and casting. The emphasis will be on how the use of Stereolithography (SL) or Selective Laser Sintered (SLS) patterns differs from more traditional wax pattern processes. Aspects of computational simulation to couple design, thermal analysis, and mold filling will be discussed. Integration of these topics is probably the greatest challenge to the use of concurrent engineering principles with investment casting. Sandia has conducted several experiments aimed at calibrating computer codes and providing data for input into these simulations. Studies involving materials as diverse as stainless steel and gold have been conducted to determine liquid metal behavior in molds via real time radiography. The application of these experiments to predictive simulations will be described.

  17. Differentiation in sex investment by clones and populations of Daphnia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cįceres, Carla E.

    REPORT Differentiation in sex investment by clones and populations of Daphnia Alan J. Tessier1, conditions that favour dormancy are predicted to select for more sex, which should increase clonal diversity-round, and quantified the extent to which they have differentiated in their investment in dormancy and sex

  18. Capital Markets and Sustainable Forestry: Opportunities for Investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Company Laurie A. Wayburn, The Pacific Forest Trust Project Collaborators: James Quinn, The Collins Pine Company Donald Reed, World Resources Institute With a Prologue by John Earhart Global Environment Fund - Investment fund managers, other institutional investors and investment advisers - Family office managers

  19. Modifying mixing and instability growth through the adjustment of initial conditions in a high-energy-density counter-propagating shear experiment on OMEGA

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Merritt, E. C.; Doss, F. W.; Loomis, E. N.; Flippo, K. A.; Kline, J. L.

    2015-06-24

    Counter-propagating shear experiments conducted at the OMEGA Laser Facility have been evaluating the effect of target initial conditions, specifically the characteristics of a tracer foil located at the shear boundary, on Kelvin-Helmholtz instability evolution and experiment transition toward nonlinearity and turbulence in the high-energy-density (HED) regime. Experiments are focused on both identifying and uncoupling the dependence of the model initial turbulent length scale in variable-density turbulence models of k-? type on competing physical instability seed lengths as well as developing a path toward fully developed turbulent HED experiments. We present results from a series of experiments controllably and independently varyingmore »two initial types of scale lengths in the experiment: the thickness and surface roughness (surface perturbation scale spectrum) of a tracer layer at the shear interface. We show that decreasing the layer thickness and increasing the surface roughness both have the ability to increase the relative mixing in the system, and thus theoretically decrease the time required to begin transitioning to turbulence in the system. In addition, we also show that we can connect a change in observed mix width growth due to increased foil surface roughness to an analytically predicted change in model initial turbulent scale lengths.« less

  20. Socially Responsible Investing : a comparative analysis of environmental, social, governance, reputational and labor factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasubramaniam, Arun, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    Socially Responsible Investing (SRI) aims to deliver competitive investment returns while fostering social good. It aims achieves its objective by including a firm's corporate social performance (CSP) in its investment d ...

  1. Supercomputing and Energy in China: How Investment in HPC Affects Oil Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WILSON, Jordan

    2014-01-01

    these NOCs’ investments in international oil exploration andin China: How Investment in HPC Affects Oil Security Jordanoil compa- nies still apparently see foreign machines as preferable. Second, state investment

  2. Opportunities and challenges of investing in emerging markets : a case study of Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganster, Marianne (Marianne Theresa)

    2007-01-01

    Many Real Estate investment firms are looking to the world's emerging economies in their real estate investment strategies to seek optimal returns in opaque or inefficient markets. Although these investments carry increased ...

  3. Numerical simulations of epitaxial growth process in MOVPE reactor as a tool for design of modern semiconductors for high power electronics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skibinski, Jakub; Wejrzanowski, Tomasz [Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Woloska 141, 02507 Warsaw (Poland); Caban, Piotr [Institute of Electronic Materials Technology, Wolczynska 133, 01919 Warsaw (Poland); Kurzydlowski, Krzysztof J. [Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering Woloska, 141, 02507 Warsaw (Poland)

    2014-10-06

    In the present study numerical simulations of epitaxial growth of gallium nitride in Metal Organic Vapor Phase Epitaxy reactor AIX-200/4RF-S is addressed. Epitaxial growth means crystal growth that progresses while inheriting the laminar structure and the orientation of substrate crystals. One of the technological problems is to obtain homogeneous growth rate over the main deposit area. Since there are many agents influencing reaction on crystal area such as temperature, pressure, gas flow or reactor geometry, it is difficult to design optimal process. According to the fact that it's impossible to determine experimentally the exact distribution of heat and mass transfer inside the reactor during crystal growth, modeling is the only solution to understand the process precisely. Numerical simulations allow to understand the epitaxial process by calculation of heat and mass transfer distribution during growth of gallium nitride. Including chemical reactions in numerical model allows to calculate the growth rate of the substrate and estimate the optimal process conditions for obtaining the most homogeneous product.

  4. Energy Department Announces New Investment in U.S. Small Modular...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    New Investment in U.S. Small Modular Reactor Design and Commercialization Energy Department Announces New Investment in U.S. Small Modular Reactor Design and Commercialization...

  5. Energy Department Invests $600,000 in University-Industry Partnerships...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Invests 600,000 in University-Industry Partnerships to Enhance Building Efficiency Energy Department Invests 600,000 in University-Industry Partnerships to Enhance Building...

  6. U.S. Dept of Energy’s EECBG-SEP Technical Assistance Program Webcast ESPC Investment Grade Audit

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Learn what the investment grade audit is, what to expect from an investment grade audit, how to ensure IGA success.

  7. Three empirical essays on investment in physical and human capital

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bleakley, C. Hoyt (Crawford Hoyt), 1972-

    2002-01-01

    This dissertation consists of three independent essays, all of which are empirical treatments of different types of investment. The first essay evaluates the economic consequences of the successful eradication of hookworm ...

  8. Investing in the EU Benelux as a Gateway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goelzer, Heiko

    organizations (ADB, EIB...) Supply & Risk Management within International Purchasing 3 1 · Chinese reality of employment contracts · Union representation ­ Works council · Collective labour relations · Social security definition · Critical factor analysis · Investment climate analysis · Financial decision methodology · Risk

  9. Methodology for Fine Art formulation applied to investment casting moulds 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ibrahim, Ahmad Rashdi Yan

    This research concerns the development of a methodology for formulation in Fine Art, Design and Craft practice. The methodology is applied to the choosing of formulations for bronze and glass investments casting moulds ...

  10. The Cost of Conserved Energy As An Investment Statistic 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meier, A. K.

    1984-01-01

    The cost of conserved energy (CCE) is an investment statistic that simplifies comparison of conservation measures among themselves and against competing energy supplies. A formula for calculating the cost of conserved energy formula is presented. A...

  11. Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2010-10-08

    The order establishes the requirements and responsibilities for DOE in meeting its statutory obligations for the review of covered transactions filed with the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS). Admin Chg 1, dated 4-21-14.

  12. Energy Department Announces New Investments in Pioneering U.S...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pioneering U.S. Offshore Wind Projects Energy Department Announces New Investments in Pioneering U.S. Offshore Wind Projects December 12, 2012 - 2:00pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT...

  13. Sequential investment planning for complex oil development projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayd?n, Cevat Onur

    2008-01-01

    In this thesis, we consider sequential real investment decisions for the development of discovered oil prospects. Following a decision analysis approach, we propose a methodology to explore the upside of a dynamic drilling ...

  14. Proximity and Investment: Evidence from Plant-Level Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giroud, Xavier

    Proximity to plants makes it easier for headquarters to monitor and acquire information about plants. In this article, I estimate the effects of headquarters’ proximity to plants on plant-level investment and productivity. ...

  15. DOE Hydrogen Program Saved Nearly $30 Million by Investing in...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    report discusses how the U.S. Department of Energy's Hydrogen Program saved nearly 30 million by investing in annual in-progress peer reviews. The report is from the DOE's Office...

  16. Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid under Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqui, Afzal

    2008-01-01

    Cost of Natural Gas Generation, p Figure 6. Normalised NetCost of Natural Gas Generation, p Figure 7. Wait InvestCost of Natural Gas Generation (US$/kWh e ), C Figure 8.

  17. Lasting social impact : Community Development Venture Capital investing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silberberg, Hattie Paige

    2008-01-01

    Community Development Venture Capital Funds (CDVC) funds are an emerging group of Community Development Financial Institutions, that make equity investments in businesses in economically distressed areas. As equity investors, ...

  18. June 2, 2011 Dear SEP Grantees, Investing in America's clean...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    June 2, 2011 Dear SEP Grantees, Investing in America's clean energy future and creating good jobs for the nation's workers-that is the shared mission of all who contribute to the...

  19. Alternative investment opportunities in real estate for individual investors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harper, Jeffrey D. (Jeffrey David)

    2011-01-01

    This thesis will evaluate whether an unsatisfied need to access private commercial market real estate investment opportunities exists on the behalf of individual investors via their Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) ...

  20. Transmission Investment Timing and Sizing under Uncertainty Afzal Siddiqui

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillas, Serge

    than cost reduction. In deregulated electricity industries with functioning markets, transmission situation has changed dramatically. After the deregulation of North American electricity markets in 1996 approach, we determine both the optimal investment timing and line capacity under uncertain congestion

  1. Decisionmetrices : dynamic structural estimation of shipping investment decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dikos, George

    2004-01-01

    This dissertation develops structural models for analyzing shipping investment decisions, namely ordering, scrapping and lay-up decisions in the tanker industry. We develop models, based on a microeconomic specification, ...

  2. Secretary Chu: President's Energy Budget Invests in Innovation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    586-4940 Monday, February 1, 2010 President's Energy Budget Invests in Innovation, Clean Energy, and National Security Priorities Washington D.C. --- U.S. Energy Secretary Steven...

  3. Fidelity Investments 403(b) Group Custodial Enrollment Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    Fidelity Investments 403(b) Group Custodial Enrollment Form and Beneficiary Designation 1. general contributions may be deposited in a default fund as determined by the 403(b) Custodial Account Agreement

  4. Market-based Investment in Electricity Transmission Networks: Controllable Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunekreeft, Gert

    2004-06-16

    of under-investment, as it will be difficult to persuade each network regulator to pass through those costs that benefit out-of-area users. As a result there is a presumption that some (and perhaps considerable) further investment in interconnectors... difference between the two ends of the line is also called link-based and applies in particular to interconnectors. Why allow unregulated third-party transmission investors in the first place? After all, transmission is considered to be the domain...

  5. Electricity Distribution Networks: Investment and Regulation, and Uncertain Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamasb, Tooraj; Marantes, Cristiano

    2011-01-31

    . Cost savings can be achieved either in operation and maintenance (Opex) and capital expenditures (Capex). Evaluation of efficiency potential in Capex is a challenging task. The main difficulty in incentivising investments is in the discrepancy... by which the DNOs are rewarded by higher rate of returns if their actual investments are lower than the predicted levels (Ofgem, 2004). Collectively, these separate incentive schemes for Opex, Capex, quality of service, and network energy losses amount...

  6. Energy investment advisory series No. 3: Investment opportunities in the Persian Gulf energy sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadgen, R.E.

    1994-12-01

    Sometimes the greatest investment opportunities are in those areas where the least progress seems to be taking place. This report describes energy-based developments taking place in the Persian/Arabian Gulf. The 8 Gulf states are building their nations; each has large minority groups and swelling populations; their economies are built on one product (hydrocarbons). Large expatriate populations, being integrated into local societies and economies, have led to hostility and guarded access to contacts with the outside world. Gulf nations cannot benefit from any oil price rise as they did in the past, as their populations have grown too rapidly. Policies change daily and can be changed back to original ones as well as into new ones. Since the oil and gas industries are the primary source of government revenue, oil and gas are likely to remain longest under government control. A breakdown of energy-base investment potentials in the Middle East is tabulated: upstream oil, refining, domestic oil marketing, upstream gas, LNG, electricity, petrochemical.

  7. Impact of localisation and R&D intensity on the firm performance of MNE subsidiaries investing in emerging markets: an empirical analysis of Taiwanese investment in China 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Chun-Sheng (Joseph)

    2009-01-01

    In this thesis, using Taiwanese companies investing in China as the sample, the impact of localisation and R&D intensity on the firm performance of MNE subsidiaries investing in an emerging market are examined. There has ...

  8. Economic evaluation of distribution system smart grid investments

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Onen, Ahmet; Cheng, Danling; Broadwater, Robert P.; Scirbona, Charlie; Cocks, George; Hamilton, Stephanie; Wang, Xiaoyu; Roark, Jeffrey

    2014-12-31

    This paper investigates economic benefits of smart grid automation investments. A system consisting of 7 substations and 14 feeders is used in the evaluation. Here benefits that can be quantified in terms of dollar savings are considered, termed “hard dollar” benefits. Smart Grid investment evaluations to be considered include investments in improved efficiency, more cost effective use of existing system capacity with automated switches, and coordinated control of capacitor banks and voltage regulators. These Smart Grid evaluations are sequentially ordered, resulting in a series of incremental hard dollar benefits. Hard dollar benefits come from improved efficiency, delaying large capital equipmentmore »investments, shortened storm restoration times, and reduced customer energy use. Analyses used in the evaluation involve hourly power flow analysis over multiple years and Monte Carlo simulations of switching operations during storms using a reconfiguration for restoration algorithm. The economic analysis uses the time varying value of the Locational Marginal Price. Algorithms used include reconfiguration for restoration involving either manual or automated switches and coordinated control involving two modes of control. Field validations of phase balancing and capacitor design results are presented. The evaluation shows that investments in automation can improve performance while at the same time lowering costs.« less

  9. Economic evaluation of distribution system smart grid investments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Onen, Ahmet; Cheng, Danling; Broadwater, Robert P.; Scirbona, Charlie; Cocks, George; Hamilton, Stephanie; Wang, Xiaoyu; Roark, Jeffrey

    2014-12-31

    This paper investigates economic benefits of smart grid automation investments. A system consisting of 7 substations and 14 feeders is used in the evaluation. Here benefits that can be quantified in terms of dollar savings are considered, termed “hard dollar” benefits. Smart Grid investment evaluations to be considered include investments in improved efficiency, more cost effective use of existing system capacity with automated switches, and coordinated control of capacitor banks and voltage regulators. These Smart Grid evaluations are sequentially ordered, resulting in a series of incremental hard dollar benefits. Hard dollar benefits come from improved efficiency, delaying large capital equipment investments, shortened storm restoration times, and reduced customer energy use. Analyses used in the evaluation involve hourly power flow analysis over multiple years and Monte Carlo simulations of switching operations during storms using a reconfiguration for restoration algorithm. The economic analysis uses the time varying value of the Locational Marginal Price. Algorithms used include reconfiguration for restoration involving either manual or automated switches and coordinated control involving two modes of control. Field validations of phase balancing and capacitor design results are presented. The evaluation shows that investments in automation can improve performance while at the same time lowering costs.

  10. Smart Schools, Smart Growth: Investing in Education Facilities and Stronger Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuller, Bruce; Vincent, Jeffrey M; McKoy, Deborah L; Bierbaum, Ariel H

    2009-01-01

    effectively, incorporating green design principles through ayield stronger benefits. Green design. Several states andfootprints, and green school designs are reducing energy

  11. Smart Schools, Smart Growth: Investing in Education Facilities and Stronger Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruce Fuller; Jeffrey M. Vincent; Deborah McKoy; Ariel H. Bierbaum

    2009-01-01

    planning, building two-story schools to utilize urban space more effectively, incorporating green design principles through a variety of energy

  12. Smart Schools, Smart Growth: Investing in Education Facilities and Stronger Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruce Fuller; Jeffrey M. Vincent; Deborah McKoy; Ariel H. Bierbaum

    2009-01-01

    urban space more effectively, incorporating green design principles through a variety of energy efficiency

  13. Wal-Mart’s Limited Growth in Urban Retail Markets: The Cost of Low Labor Investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, Anthony

    2015-01-01

    2007-2014) On average, Walmart holds 25 percent of theareas. In 2007 and 2008, Walmart experienced double-digitSpringer. Loeb, Walter. “Why Walmart Suddenly Thinks Smaller

  14. Effects of Deployment Investment on the Growth of the Biofuels Industry

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report:Speeding accessby aLED Street Lighting Host Site:ERDA CriticalReport)

  15. Effects of Deployment Investment on the Growth of the Biofuels Industry

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansas Nuclear Profile 2010MesoscopyStaff Ā»VehicleEffective TeachingEffects

  16. Shrinkage Prediction for the Investment Casting of Stainless Steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sabau, Adrian S [ORNL

    2007-01-01

    In this study, the alloy shrinkage factors were obtained for the investment casting of 17-4PH stainless steel parts. For the investment casting process, unfilled wax and fused silica with a zircon prime coat were used for patterns and shell molds, respectively. Dimensions of the die tooling, wax pattern, and casting were measured using a Coordinate Measurement Machine in order to obtain the actual tooling allowances. The alloy dimensions were obtained from numerical simulation results of solidification, heat transfer, and deformation phenomena. The numerical simulation results for the shrinkage factors were compared with experimental results.

  17. Electricity Reform Abroad and U.S. Investment

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1997-01-01

    Reviews and analyzes the recent electricity reforms in Argentina, Australia, and the United Kingdom in an attempt to better understand how different models of privatization and reform have worked in practice. This report also analyzes the motivations of the U.S. companies who have invested in the electricity industries of Argentina, Australia, and the United Kingdom.

  18. A STOCHASTIC CONTROL MODEL OF INVESTMENT, PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pang, Tao

    A STOCHASTIC CONTROL MODEL OF INVESTMENT, PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION BY WENDELL H. FLEMING, consumption and income from production. Income from production Yt fluctuates randomly, and it is proportional control model in which an economic unit has productive capital and also liabilities in the form of debt

  19. Profiles of foreign direct investment in US energy, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-05-16

    The report reviews the patterns of foreign ownership interest in US energy enterprises, exclusive of portfolio investment (<10% ownership of a US enterprise). It profiles the involvement of foreign-affiliated US companies in the following areas: domestic petroleum production (including natural gas), reserve holdings, refining and marketing activities, coal production, and uranium exploration and development.

  20. Investment and Upgrade in Distributed Generation under Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillas, Serge

    for microgrids to use small-scale distributed generation (DG) and combined heat and power (CHP) applications via.maribu@ensmp.fr 1 #12;Investment and Upgrade under Uncertainty in Distributed Generation 2 Keywords: Combined heat heat exchangers (HXs) to meet local energy loads. Although the electric-only efficiency of DG is lower

  1. Invest in Your Bones Bone Mineral Calcium and Vitamin D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Invest in Your Bones Bone Mineral Calcium and Vitamin D Leaflet 4 One common misconception is that calcium is only needed for growing children. In reality, both calcium and vitamin D are needed to maintain of calcium from your bones. Vitamin D promotes the absorption of calcium in the gut, which is necessary

  2. Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2010-10-08

    The order establishes the requirements and responsibilities for DOE in meeting its statutory obligations for the review of covered transactions filed with the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS). Admin Chg 1, dated 4-21-2014, supersedes DOE O 142.5.

  3. Evaluation of the Impact of EISA Federal Project Investments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Judd, Kathleen S.; Wendel, Emily M.; Morris, Scott L.; Williamson, Jennifer L.; Halverson, Mark A.; Livingston, Olga V.; Loper, Susan A.

    2012-12-31

    The DOE's Federal Energy Management Program has been charged by Office of Management and Budget to conduct an evaluation on actual and verifiable energy savings and carbon emissions reductions from federal energy management investments made across the Federal government as a result of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. This study presents the findings from that evaluation.

  4. Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid under Uncertainty++++ Afzal Siddiqui

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillas, Serge

    1 Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid under Uncertainty++++ Afzal Siddiqui University, CA 94720-8163, USA, c_marnay@lbl.gov ABSTRACT. This paper examines a California-based microgrid-term natural gas generation cost is stochastic, we initially assume that the microgrid may purchase electricity

  5. Galp investe em cincia no Brasil Margarida Davim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    Galp investe em ciźncia no Brasil Margarida Davim margarida.davim@sol.pt Lei brasileira obriga dólares em investiga- ēćo e projectos cientķficos no Brasil até 2017. O investimento - cerca de 102 devem ser aplica- dos em «projectos de explora- ēćo e produēćo no Brasil» e estį nos planos da empresa

  6. M.Sc. Finance M.Sc. Investment and Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    M.Sc. Finance M.Sc. Investment and Finance M.Sc. International Banking and Finance and M.Sc. International Accounting and Finance 2014-15 Introductory Meeting Information Welcome to the full-time postgraduate taught programmes for the Department of Accounting and Finance at the University of Strathclyde

  7. On the Technology Prospects and Investment Opportunities for Scalable Neuroscience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    On the Technology Prospects and Investment Opportunities for Scalable Neuroscience Thomas Dean1 Summary 1 2 Introduction 4 3 Evolving Imaging Technologies 6 4 Macroscale Reporting Devices 10 5 Chowdhury 32 C Macroscale Imaging Technologies -- Anjali Datta 35 D Nanoscale Recording and Wireless Readout

  8. Responsible Investment in the Forest Sector Recommendations for Institutional Investors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May 2012 Responsible Investment in the Forest Sector Recommendations for Institutional Investors by New Forests Asset Management Pty Limited ("New Forests"). The material in this report is from sources believed by New Forests to be reliable, but the information is not warranted and may contain errors

  9. CSEM WP 164 An Equilibrium Model of Investment in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    incentives is also influenced by the firms' con- tractual or retail obligations in the market. Just as long-term contracts or retail obligations change a firm's incentives in the short-term markets, so do they influ- enceCSEM WP 164 An Equilibrium Model of Investment in Restructured Electricity Markets James Bushnell

  10. Entry and Investment Decisions in the Pharmaceutical Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Jill M.

    Entry and Investment Decisions in the Pharmaceutical Industry Anita Rao March 26 2015 Abstract The pharmaceutical industry is different from most industries where entry has been studied as it involves a time-launch. This paper asks the question: do firms respond to the actions of their competitors in the R&D stages

  11. Fostering Innovation and Investment In Ontario's Automotive Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haykin, Simon

    Fostering Innovation and Investment In Ontario's Automotive Industry Presentation to The First Development and Trade - Ontario #12;Ontario Automotive Industry · The auto industry has been in Ontario Ontario-US MidWest automotive region: 1 in 6 vehicles built in NA · Approximately 133,000 workers

  12. Transmission investment and expansion planning in a restructured electricity market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leung, Ka-Cheong

    Transmission investment and expansion planning in a restructured electricity market F.F Wua,b , F.L. Zhengb,c , F.S. Wena,b, * a Center for Electrical Energy Systems, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Guangzhou, 510640, China Abstract Transmission planning in a restructured electricity market becomes

  13. Geometry of Valley Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petroff, Alexander P; Abrams, Daniel M; Lobkovsky, Alexander E; Kudrolli, Arshad; Rothman, Daniel H

    2011-01-01

    Although amphitheater-shaped valley heads can be cut by groundwater flows emerging from springs, recent geological evidence suggests that other processes may also produce similar features, thus confounding the interpretations of such valley heads on Earth and Mars. To better understand the origin of this topographic form we combine field observations, laboratory experiments, analysis of a high-resolution topographic map, and mathematical theory to quantitatively characterize a class of physical phenomena that produce amphitheater-shaped heads. The resulting geometric growth equation accurately predicts the shape of decimeter-wide channels in laboratory experiments, 100-meter wide valleys in Florida and Idaho, and kilometer wide valleys on Mars. We find that whenever the processes shaping a landscape favor the growth of sharply protruding features, channels develop amphitheater-shaped heads with an aspect ratio of pi.

  14. ENERGY INVESTMENTS UNDER CLIMATE POLICY: A COMPARISON OF GLOBAL MODELS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCollum, David; Nagai, Yu; Riahi, Keywan; Marangoni, Giacomo; Calvin, Katherine V.; Pietzcker, Robert; Van Vliet, Jasper; van der Zwaan, Bob

    2013-11-01

    The levels of investment needed to mobilize an energy system transformation and mitigate climate change are not known with certainty. This paper aims to inform the ongoing dialogue and in so doing to guide public policy and strategic corporate decision making. Within the framework of the LIMITS integrated assessment model comparison exercise, we analyze a multi-IAM ensemble of long-term energy and greenhouse gas emissions scenarios. Our study provides insight into several critical but uncertain areas related to the future investment environment, for example in terms of where capital expenditures may need to flow regionally, into which sectors they might be concentrated, and what policies could be helpful in spurring these financial resources. We find that stringent climate policies consistent with a 2°C climate change target would require a considerable upscaling of investments into low-carbon energy and energy efficiency, reaching approximately $45 trillion (range: $30–$75 trillion) cumulative between 2010 and 2050, or about $1.1 trillion annually. This represents an increase of some $30 trillion ($10–$55 trillion), or $0.8 trillion per year, beyond what investments might otherwise be in a reference scenario that assumes the continuation of present and planned emissions-reducing policies throughout the world. In other words, a substantial "clean-energy investment gap" of some $800 billion/yr exists — notably on the same order of magnitude as present-day subsidies for fossil energy and electricity worldwide ($523 billion). Unless the gap is filled rather quickly, the 2°C target could potentially become out of reach.

  15. Property rights, negotiating power and foreign investment: An international and comparative law study on Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotula, Lorenzo

    2009-01-01

    Property rights are crucial in shaping foreign investment and its socio?economic outcomes. Their allocation, protection and regulation influence the way the risks, costs and benefits of an investment are shared. For ...

  16. Technology Decisions Under Architectural Uncertainty: Informing Investment Decisions Through Tradespace Exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Technology Decisions Under Architectural Uncertainty: Informing Investment Decisions Through this architectural uncertainty, it is difficult to define the value proposition of technology investments. This paper proposes a method for evaluating technology across a tradespace defined by architectural decisions. Main

  17. Department of Energy to Invest $366M in Energy Innovation Hubs...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy to Invest 366M in Energy Innovation Hubs Department of Energy to Invest 366M in Energy Innovation Hubs December 22, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC -...

  18. DOE to Invest up to $2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    to Invest up to 2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones In Western States, May 28, 2008 DOE to Invest up to 2.3 Million to Identify Renewable Energy Zones In Western...

  19. U-Launch Winner Secures $2.4M Investment for Building Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    U-Launch Winner Secures 2.4M Investment for Building Energy Performance Software U-Launch Winner Secures 2.4M Investment for Building Energy Performance Software December 14,...

  20. Saving Energy and Money with Wind: 5 Steps Before You Invest...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Saving Energy and Money with Wind: 5 Steps Before You Invest in a New Wind Energy System Saving Energy and Money with Wind: 5 Steps Before You Invest in a New Wind Energy System...

  1. Energy Department Announces New SunShot Investment in Solar Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    SunShot Investment in Solar Energy Grid Solutions Energy Department Announces New SunShot Investment in Solar Energy Grid Solutions December 7, 2012 - 9:58am Addthis NEWS MEDIA...

  2. Real estate investment indices in Japan and their role in optimal international portfolio allocation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Endo, Takashi, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01

    It has been said that "home bias" exists among investors due to informational disadvantage involved in cross-border investment. But, real estate has become a major asset class and cross-border real estate investment has ...

  3. Benefit-Cost Evaluation of U.S. DOE Investment in Energy Storage...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Benefit-Cost Evaluation of U.S. DOE Investment in Energy Storage Technologies for Hybrid and Electric Cars and Trucks Benefit-Cost Evaluation of U.S. DOE Investment in Energy...

  4. The Lure of Chinese State Capitalism in Latin America: Influence, Investments and Imports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narins, Thomas Peter

    2015-01-01

    almost solely through oil investments…has become one of theinvestments-argentina-071608537.html Alexander’s Oil and GasThis investment translates into 218,200 barrels of oil per

  5. Option valuation of flexible investments : the case of a scrubber for coal-fired power plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herbelot, Olivier

    1994-01-01

    Standard discounted cash flow methods are not well suited to the valuation of investments whose characteristics can be modified by the decision-maker after the initial investment decision has been made (multistage decision ...

  6. GE to Invest in Penn State Center to Study Natural Gas Supply...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    window) GE to Invest in Penn State Center to Study Natural Gas Supply Chains University Park, Pa. - GE announced it will invest up to 10 million in Penn State to establish a new...

  7. Department of Energy Seeks to Invest up to $130 Million in Advanced...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Seeks to Invest up to 130 Million in Advanced Fuel Cell Technology Department of Energy Seeks to Invest up to 130 Million in Advanced Fuel Cell Technology...

  8. The Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game in Offshore Petroleum Production: Preliminary results from an econometric model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    2007-01-01

    irreversible investment using North Sea oil data. Economicfor each of the two investment stages in oil production. InOil production is a multi-stage process involving sequential investment

  9. The Lure of Chinese State Capitalism in Latin America: Influence, Investments and Imports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narins, Thomas Peter

    2015-01-01

    Development Bank and a Chilean partner Sigdo Koppers announced a planned $900 million dollar investment in a solar panel

  10. US energy research and development: Declining investment, increasing need, and the feasibility of expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nemet, Gregory F; Kammen, D M

    2007-01-01

    investments in the solar and wind energy sectors which haveG. M. Masters (2001). "Energy: Exploiting Wind Versus Coal."

  11. Longitudinal changes in Chinese adolescent girls’ physical growth, social contexts and mental health during the transition from primary to junior high school 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Jia

    2015-07-03

    This study explores the longitudinal changes among a sample of early adolescent girls in China throughout their transition from primary to junior high school. Early adolescence is a time of multiple transitions and ...

  12. Tectonic development of the Samail ophiolite: High-precision U-Pb zircon geochronology and Sm-Nd isotopic constraints on crustal growth and emplacement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rioux, Matthew

    New high-precision single grain U-Pb zircon geochronology and whole rock Nd isotopic data provide insight into the magmatic and tectonic development of the Samail ophiolite. The analyzed rocks can be broadly divided into ...

  13. Derisking Renewable Energy Investment. A Framework to Support Policymakers in Selecting Public Instruments to Promote Renewable Energy Investment in Developing Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waissbein, Oliver; Glemarec, Yannick; Bayraktar, Hande; Schmidt, Tobias S.

    2013-03-15

    This report introduces an innovative framework to assist policymakers to quantitatively compare the impact of different public instruments to promote renewable energy. The report identifies the need to reduce the high financing costs for renewable energy in developing countries as an important task for policymakers acting today. The framework is structured in four stages: (i) risk environment, (ii) public instruments, (iii) levelised cost and (iv) evaluation. To illustrate how the framework can support decision-making in practice, the report presents findings from illustrative case studies in four developing countries. It then draws on these results to discuss possible directions for enhancing public interventions to scale-up renewable energy investment. UNDP is also releasing a financial tool for policymakers to accompany the framework. The financial tool is available for download on the UNDP website.

  14. Real Option Pricing with Mean-Reverting Investment and Project Value

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zubelli, Jorge Passamani

    to the invest in an oil field. Like most commodities, oil prices tend to mean-revert, and as a direct result the value of investment in an oil field is also mean-reverting. Consequently, it would not be appropriateReal Option Pricing with Mean-Reverting Investment and Project Value October 1st, 2009 #12;Abstract

  15. Quantitative Methods for Strategic and Investment Planning in the Oil-Refining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    Quantitative Methods for Strategic and Investment Planning in the Oil-Refining Brenno C(ng ­ March 2013 What, Where, When to Invest? Only op*mize streams transfers (fuel;Current Investment Planning Methodology in PETROBRAS Strategy - Increase the supply

  16. A Lagrangean Decomposition Approach for Oil Supply Chain Investment Planning under Uncertainty with Risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    A Lagrangean Decomposition Approach for Oil Supply Chain Investment Planning under Uncertainty of operations in the oil industry require that companies plan and optimize their investments on an enterprise on Lagrangean decomposition for the multi-product, multi-period, supply investment planning problem considering

  17. Real Option Pricing with Mean-Reverting Investment and Project Value

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zubelli, Jorge Passamani

    is the valuation of the option to the invest in an oil field. Like most commodities, oil prices tend to mean-revert, and as a direct result the value of investment in an oil field is also mean-reverting. Consequently, it wouldReal Option Pricing with Mean-Reverting Investment and Project Value Sebastian Jaimungal , Max

  18. Mixed-mode, high-cycle fatigue-crack growth thresholds in I. A comparison of large-and short-crack behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritchie, Robert

    of turbine engine components to failure from high-cycle fatigue (HCF), i.e., the rapid propagation of fatigue are known to exist at speci®c fatigue-critical locations within the turbine engine com- ponents Engineering, University of California, 463 Evans Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720-1760, USA Received 27 December 1999

  19. Inuence of foreign-object damage on crack initiation and early crack growth during high-cycle fatigue of Ti6Al4V

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritchie, Robert

    ; Ti±6Al±4V 1. Introduction The high-cycle fatigue (HCF) of aircraft gas-turbine engine components has-cycle fatigue of Ti±6Al±4V J.O. Peters, R.O. Ritchie * Department of Materials Science and Mineral Engineering of small surface fatigue cracks in a Ti±6Al±4V alloy, processed for typical turbine blade applications

  20. Phase 3 Developments Investments LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio1975) | Open Energy Information3 Developments Investments LLC

  1. Investing in our Energy Future | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICE INDUSTRIALU.S. Department of(Presentation) |of EnergyInvesting in a

  2. Investment-Grade Audit: Review Checklist | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICE INDUSTRIALU.S. Department of(Presentation) |of EnergyInvesting

  3. Financing and Investing in Tribal Reewbal Energy Projects

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015Executive Order14,EnergyFinancing and Investing in Tribal Renewable

  4. Trends in U.S. Venture Capital Investments Related to Energy: 1980-2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dooley, James J.

    2008-10-10

    This report documents trends in U.S. venture capital investments over the period 1980-2008. Particular attention is given to U.S. venture capital investments for “internet-specific”, biotechnology, and energy / industrial sectors over the period 1980-2007. During the early 1980s, U.S. venture capital investments in the energy / industrial area accounted for more than 20% of all venture capital investments. However subsequent periods of low energy prices and the emergence of fast growing new industries like computers (both hardware and software), biotechnology and the Internet quickly reduced the priority accorded to energy / industrial investments as by 2000 these investments accounted for only 1% of the $119 billion dollars invested that year by the U.S. venture capital community. The significant increase in the real price of oil that began in 2003-2004 correlates with renewed interest and increased investment by the venture capital community in energy / industrial investment opportunities. Venture capital investments in 2007 for the energy / industrial sector accounted for $3 billion or slightly more than 10% of all venture capital invested that year.

  5. The Challenge of Urban Transportation in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cervero, Robert; Deakin, Elizabeth

    2008-01-01

    roads and possible high-speed rail investments— in shapingdevelopment around high speed rail and other growth that

  6. "Impact investments" are investments made into companies, organizations and funds with the intention to generate measurable social and environmental impact alongside a financial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halazonetis, Thanos

    with the intention to generate measurable social and environmental impact alongside a financial return (Giin for profitability with a desire to solve social and environmental problems. Impact investment offers a middle way million social impact investment fund designed to provide capital for medical research and development

  7. Economics of Future Growth in Photovoltaics Manufacturing; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Basore, Paul; Chung, Donald; Buonassisi, Tonio

    2015-06-14

    The past decade’s record of growth in the photovoltaic manufacturing industry indicates that global investment in manufacturing capacity for photovoltaic modules tends to increase in proportion to the size of the industry. The slope of this proportionality determines how fast the industry will grow in the future. Two key parameters determine this slope. One is the annual global investment in manufacturing capacity normalized to the manufacturing capacity for the previous year (capacity-normalized capital investment rate, CapIR, units $/W). The other is how much capital investment is required for each watt of annual manufacturing capacity, normalized to the service life of the assets (capacity-normalized capital demand rate, CapDR, units $/W). If these two parameters remain unchanged from the values they have held for the past few years, global manufacturing capacity will peak in the next few years and then decline. However, it only takes a small improvement in CapIR to ensure future growth in photovoltaics. Any accompanying improvement in CapDR will accelerate that growth.

  8. Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid Under Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris

    2006-01-01

    electricity markets , PhD thesis, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA,USA, 1994. Joskow PL, Productivity growth and technical change in the generation of electricity,

  9. Greg Rutherford Executive Director Global Power & Utilities Investment...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to customers. A lot of attention has been focused on the impact of declining or negative electricity demand growth on companies' continued ability to attract capital and fund...

  10. Corrosion fatigue crack growth in clad low-alloy steel. Part 2, Water flow rate effects in high sulfur plate steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James, L.A; Lee, H.B.; Wire, G.L.; Novak, S.R.; Cullen, W.H.

    1996-04-01

    Corrosion fatigue crack propagation tests were conducted on a high- sulfur ASTM A302-B plate steel overlaid with weld-deposited Alloy EN82H cladding. The specimens featured semi-elliptical surface cracks penetrating approximately 6.3 mm of cladding into the underlying steel. The initial crack sizes were relatively large with surface lengths of 22.8--27.3 mm, and depths of 10.5--14.1 mm. The experiments were initiated in a quasi-stagnant low-oxygen (O{sub 2} < 10 ppb) aqueous environment at 243{degrees}C, under loading conditions ({Delta}K, R, cyclic frequency) conducive to environmentally-assisted cracking (EAC) under quasi-stagnant conditions. Following fatigue testing under quasi-stagnant conditions where EAC was observed, the specimens were then fatigue tested under conditions where active water flow of either 1.7 m/sec. or 4.7 m/sec. was applied parallel to the crack. Earlier experiments on unclad surface-cracked specimens of the same steel exhibited EAC under quasi- stagnant conditions, but water flow rates at 1.7 m/sec. and 5.0 m/sec. parallel to the crack mitigated EAC. In the present experiments on clad specimens, water flow at approximately the same as the lower of these velocities did not mitigate EAC, and a free stream velocity approximately the same as the higher of these velocities resulted in sluggish mitigation of EAC. The lack of robust EAC mitigation was attributed to the greater crack surface roughness in the cladding interfering with flow induced within the crack cavity. An analysis employing the computational fluid dynamics code, FIDAP, confirmed that frictional forces associated with the cladding crack surface roughness reduced the interaction between the free stream and the crack cavity.

  11. Evaluation of Representative Smart Grid Investment Project Technologies: Demand Response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fuller, Jason C.; Prakash Kumar, Nirupama; Bonebrake, Christopher A.

    2012-02-14

    This document is one of a series of reports estimating the benefits of deploying technologies similar to those implemented on the Smart Grid Investment Grant (SGIG) projects. Four technical reports cover the various types of technologies deployed in the SGIG projects, distribution automation, demand response, energy storage, and renewables integration. A fifth report in the series examines the benefits of deploying these technologies on a national level. This technical report examines the impacts of a limited number of demand response technologies and implementations deployed in the SGIG projects.

  12. Energy Return on Investment from Recycling Nuclear Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2011-08-17

    This report presents an evaluation of the Energy Return on Investment (EROI) from recycling an initial batch of 800 t/y of used nuclear fuel (UNF) through a Recycle Center under a number of different fuel cycle scenarios. The study assumed that apart from the original 800 t of UNF only depleted uranium was available as a feed. Therefore for each subsequent scenario only fuel that was derived from the previous fuel cycle scenario was considered. The scenarios represent a good cross section of the options available and the results contained in this paper and associated appendices will allow for other fuel cycle options to be considered.

  13. Office of State Lands and Investments - Easements | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI VenturesNewSt. Louis,EnergyOctillion Corporation JumpInvestments - Easements

  14. ConInvest GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,Coal TechnologiesClioCommunityLtdDevelopment JumpConInvest GmbH

  15. Beijing Tianrun New Energy Investment | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to:Greece:Bajo enInformationTianrun New Energy Investment

  16. Cambridge Funds Investment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC JumpBiossenceBrunswick,Calendar HomeGmbHFunds Investment Co Ltd

  17. Mabian Shichuang Hydropower Investment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Lyon-LincolnShichuang Hydropower Investment

  18. Qinghai Development Investment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLCALLETE Inc dEAPrysmianPvT CapitalCoInvestment Co Ltd

  19. Huaning Xin Jiulong Investment Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA JumpDuimen RiverScoring Tool JumpHuaning Xin Jiulong Investment

  20. Inner Mongolia Huitong Energy Investment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA JumpDuimenMaking EnergyIndosolar LtdEnergy Investment Co Ltd Jump

  1. Jinping Zhongtai Investment Development Management Co Ltd | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar Hydro Jump to:HuilunWaterInformation Zhongtai Investment

  2. Shanghai Chuanji Investment Management Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter Battery Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation,Chuanji Investment

  3. Sustainable Investments Capital SI Capital | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEuropeEnergySustainability Center of theEuropeInvestments

  4. Biomass Investment Group Inc BIG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental JumpInformationBio-Gas Technologies, LLC JumpBiofameData Book JumpInvestment

  5. Ghana-Forest Investment Program (FIP) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages RecentPlant <Silver Peak AreaForest Investment Program

  6. KlimaINVEST Management GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanoshKetchikan PublicMountainKirkwoodWindKlimaINVEST

  7. BankInvest Technology AS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYorkColorado State OfficeBaileyBandgapWorldBankInvest

  8. Blue Hill Investment Partners LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:Pontiac Biomass Facility JumpIICalifornia: EnergyCHill Investment

  9. Wuhan Hengguang power Investment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) Jump to: navigation, searchWorldWudupower Investment Co

  10. Wyoming Office of State Lands and Investments | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) Jump to: Name: Wyoming Department ofInvestments Jump to:

  11. Xiamen Minrui Investment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) Jump to: Name: WyomingMinrui Investment Co Ltd Jump to:

  12. Xianfeng County Huaxin Resource Development Investment Co Ltd | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) Jump to: Name: WyomingMinrui Investment Co Ltd

  13. Yingjiang Hongfu Investment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) Jump to:Sanming Lianfa Co LtdHongfu Investment Co Ltd

  14. Energy Department Invests $7 Million to Commercialize Fuel Cells |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015 Infographic courtesy ofDepartment of Energy Invests $7 Million to

  15. Beijing Junda Energy Investment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'S FUTURE.EnergyWoodenDateSAEngineeringBecosaJunda Energy Investment

  16. DFSTW Investment Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy Electricals Ltd BHELEurope Limited JumpAGGraefeDFSTW Investment

  17. Investing in Education | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation CurrentHenryInhibitingInteractivePGAS and HybridBetoniCenterInvesting in

  18. NNSA Investment in Small Businesses | National Nuclear Security

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework usesof Energy Moving BasicSecurityAdministration Investment in

  19. Predicting Pattern Tooling and Casting Dimensions for Investment Casting, Phase III

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sabau, Adrian S

    2008-04-01

    Efforts during Phase III focused mainly on the shell-alloy systems. A high melting point alloy, 17-4PH stainless steel, was considered. The experimental part of the program was conducted at ORNL and commercial foundries, where wax patterns were injected, molds were invested, and alloys were poured. Shell molds made of fused-silica and alumino-silicates were considered. A literature review was conducted on thermophysical and thermomechanical properties alumino-silicates. Material property data, which were not available from material suppliers, was obtained. For all the properties of 17-4PH stainless steel, the experimental data available in the literature did not cover the entire temperature range necessary for process simulation. Thus, some material properties were evaluated using ProCAST, based on CompuTherm database. A comparison between the predicted material property data and measured property data was made. It was found that most material properties were accurately predicted only over several temperature ranges. No experimental data for plastic modulus were found. Thus, several assumptions were made and ProCAST recommendations were followed in order to obtain a complete set of mechanical property data at high temperatures. Thermal expansion measurements for the 17-4PH alloy were conducted during heating and cooling. As a function of temperature, the thermal expansion for both the alloy and shell mold materials showed different evolution on heating and cooling. Numerical simulations were performed using ProCAST for the investment casting of 17-4PH stainless steel parts in fused silica molds using the thermal expansion obtained on heating and another one with thermal expansion obtained on cooling. Since the fused silica shells had the lowest thermal expansion properties in the industry, the dewaxing phase, including the coupling between wax-shell systems, was neglected. The shell mold was considered to be a pure elastic material. The alloy dimensions were obtained from numerical simulations. For 17-4PH stainless steel parts, the alloy shrinkage factors were over-predicted, as compared with experimental data. Additional R&D focus was placed on obtaining material property data for filled waxes, waxes that are common in the industry. For the first time in the investment casting industry, the thermo-mechanical properties of unfilled and filled waxes were measured. Test specimens of three waxes were injected at commercial foundries. Rheometry measurement of filled waxes was conducted at ORNL. The analysis of the rheometry data to obtain viscoelastic properties was not completed due to the reduction in the budget of the project (approximately 50% funds were received).

  20. Innovation, renewable energy, and state investment: Case studies of leading clean energy funds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Milford, Lewis; Porter, Kevin; Clark, Roger

    2002-09-01

    Over the last several years, many U.S. states have established clean energy funds to help support the growth of renewable energy markets. Most often funded by system-benefits charges (SBC), the 15 states that have established such funds are slated to collect nearly $3.5 billion from 1998 to 2012 for renewable energy investments. These clean energy funds are expected to have a sizable impact on the energy future of the states in which the funds are being collected and used. For many of the organizations tapped to administer these funds, however, this is a relatively new role that presents the challenge of using public funds in the most effective and innovative fashion possible. Fortunately, each state is not alone in its efforts; many other U.S. states and a number of countries are undertaking similar efforts. Early lessons are beginning to be learned by clean energy funds about how to effectively target public funds towards creating and building renewable energy markets. A number of innovative programs have already been developed that show significant leadership by U.S. states in supporting renewable energy. It is important that clean energy fund administrators learn from this emerging experience.

  1. Power plant capital investment cost estimates: current trends and sensitivity to economic parameters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-06-01

    This report describes power plant capital investment cost studies that were carried out as part of the activities of the Plans and Analysis Division, Office of Nuclear Energy Programs, US Department of Energy. The activities include investment cost studies prepared by an architect-engineer, including trends, effects of environmental and safety requirements, and construction schedules. A computer code used to prepare capital investment cost estimates under varying economic conditions is described, and application of this code is demonstrated by sensitivity studies.

  2. Energy Return On Investment of Engineered Geothermal Systems Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mansure, Chip

    2012-01-01

    The project provides an updated Energy Return on Investment (EROI) for Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS). Results incorporate Argonne National Laboratory's Life Cycle Assessment and base case assumptions consistent with other projects in the Analysis subprogram. EROI is a ratio of the energy delivered to the consumer to the energy consumed to build, operate, and decommission the facility. EROI is important in assessing the viability of energy alternatives. Currently EROI analyses of geothermal energy are either out-of-date, of uncertain methodology, or presented online with little supporting documentation. This data set is a collection of files documenting data used to calculate the Energy Return On Investment (EROI) of Engineered Geothermal Systems (EGS) and erratum to publications prior to the final report. Final report is available from the OSTI web site (http://www.osti.gov/geothermal/). Data in this collections includes the well designs used, input parameters for GETEM, a discussion of the energy needed to haul materials to the drill site, the baseline mud program, and a summary of the energy needed to drill each of the well designs. EROI is the ratio of the energy delivered to the customer to the energy consumed to construct, operate, and decommission the facility. Whereas efficiency is the ratio of the energy delivered to the customer to the energy extracted from the reservoir.

  3. Uranium enrichment: investment options for the long term

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-01-01

    The US government supplies a major portion of the enriched uranium used to fuel most of the nuclear power plants that furnish electricity in the free world. As manager of the US uranium enrichment concern, the Department of Energy (DOE) is investigating a number of technological choices to improve enrichment service and remain a significant world supplier. The Congress will ultimately select a strategy for federal investment in the uranium enrichment enterprise. A fundamental policy choice between possible future roles - that of the free world's main supplier of enrichment services, and that of a mainly domestic supplier - will underlie any investment decision the Congress makes. The technological choices are gaseous diffusion, gas centrifuge, and atomic vapor laser isotope separation (AVLIS). A base plan and four alternatives were examined by DOE and the Congressional Budget Office. In terms of total enterprise costs, Option IV, ultimately relying on advanced gas centrifuges for enrichment services, would offer the most economic approach, with costs over the full projection period totaling $123.5 billion. Option III, ultimately relying on AVLIS without gas centrifuge enrichment or gaseous diffusion, falls next in the sequence, with costs of $128.2 billion. Options I and II, involving combinations of the gas centrifuge and AVLIS technologies, follow closely with costs of $128.7 and $129.6 billion. The base plan has costs of $136.8 billion over the projection period. 1 figure, 22 tables.

  4. Effects of a shortened depreciation schedule on the investment costs for combined heat and power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kranz, Nicole; Worrell, Ernst

    2001-01-01

    generation and combined heat and power, Trigen Energypower generation combined heat and power, EnvironmentalInvestment Costs for Combined Heat and Power Systems Nicole

  5. Today's announcement is a direct investment in CCS-related infrastruct...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    is a direct investment in CCS-related infrastructure among electric power and industrial facilities, academic institutions, and other organizations operating across the...

  6. Exogenous Productivity Shocks and Capital Investment in Common-pool Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fissel, Benjamin E; Glibert, Ben

    2010-01-01

    Capital Investment in Common-pool Resources ? Benjamin E.technology shocks in common-pool industries using a compoundhallmarks of congestible, common-pool re- sources. Symmetric

  7. Clean Energy Finance: Challenges and Opportunities of Early-Stage Energy Investing (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heap, D.; Pless, J.; Aieta, N.

    2013-12-01

    Characterized by a changing landscape and new opportunities, today's increasingly complex energy decision space will need innovative financing and investment models to appropriately assess risk and profitability. This report provides an overview of the current state of clean energy finance across the entire spectrum but with a focus on early stage investing, and it includes insights from investors across all investment classes. Further, this report aims to provide a roadmap with the mechanisms, limitations, and considerations involved in making successful investments by identifying risks, challenges, and opportunities in the clean energy sector.

  8. Raising Investment Funds for Clean Energy Programs & Working with Financial Institutions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    PowerPoint presentation of a Techincal Assistance Program webinar entitled, Raising Investment Funds for Clean Energy Programs & Working with Financial Institutions

  9. The Lure of Chinese State Capitalism in Latin America: Influence, Investments and Imports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narins, Thomas Peter

    2015-01-01

    Brazil during the 2003-2010 commodity boom years, while a very real draw for in-bound Chinese direct investment

  10. Analysis of Long-range Clean Energy Investment Scenarios for Eritrea, East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Buskirk, Robert D.

    2004-01-01

    Clean Energy Investment Scenarios for Eritrea, East Africaand renewable energy development scenarios for Eritrea, EastEritrea, East Africa in an effort to facilitate clean energy

  11. Capitalizing on a third wave of federal investment : reenvisioning an energy efficiency retrofit strategy for Oakland, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandin, Benjamin (Benjamin Matthew)

    2010-01-01

    For some time, Oakland, California has suffered the cruel misfortune of persistently negative challenges, including high unemployment, poverty, and slow economic growth. Oakland leaders believe that the American Recovery ...

  12. Technology Policy and Economic Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borrus, Michael; Stowsky, Jay

    1997-01-01

    economic growth) and the Pentagon’s Technology Reinvestment20 Tassey, Technology and Economic Growth: Implications forTechnology Policy and Economic Growth Michael Borrus Jay

  13. Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program BWR High-Fluence Material Project: Assessment of the Role of High-Fluence on the Efficiency of HWC Mitigation on SCC Crack Growth Rates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sebastien Teysseyre

    2014-04-01

    As nuclear power plants age, the increasing neutron fluence experienced by stainless steels components affects the materials resistance to stress corrosion cracking and fracture toughness. The purpose of this report is to identify any new issues that are expected to rise as boiling water reactor power plants reach the end of their initial life and to propose a path forward to study such issues. It has been identified that the efficiency of hydrogen water chemistry mitigation technology may decrease as fluence increases for high-stress intensity factors. This report summarizes the data available to support this hypothesis and describes a program plan to determine the efficiency of hydrogen water chemistry as a function of the stress intensity factor applied and fluence. This program plan includes acquisition of irradiated materials, generation of material via irradiation in a test reactor, and description of the test plan. This plan offers three approaches, each with an estimated timetable and budget.

  14. Does a High Tech Boom Worsen Housing Problems for Working Families?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Querica, Roberto G.; Stegman, Michael A.; Davis, Walter R.

    2001-01-01

    Dynamics and Outcomes in High- Tech Economies. Presented atthis is the case in areas experiencing high tech growth.Metropolitan areas promoting high tech growth would do well

  15. Technology and Architecture: Informing Investment Decisions for the Future of Human Space Exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Technology and Architecture: Informing Investment Decisions for the Future of Human Space;2 #12;3 Technology and Architecture Informing Investment Decisions for the Future of Human Space before the system architecture is defined. This thesis develops a framework for evaluating technologies

  16. The City University of New York's MasterPlan InvestingIn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yi

    The City University of New York's MasterPlan 2012­2016 InvestingIn OurFuture #12;#12;The City ......................................................................................................... 9 New York City and Population Trends University of New York's MasterPlan 2012­2016 InvestingIn OurFuture #12;#12;INTRODUCTION: The CUNY Context

  17. Investment and valuation under backward and forward dynamic exponential utilities in a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zariphopoulou, Thaleia

    Investment and valuation under backward and forward dynamic exponential utilities in a stochastic utilities that are generated for- ward in time. We discuss the associated value functions, optimal invest into a partial equilib- rium one that can be solved by the so called utility-based pricing approach. The optimal

  18. Do Private Firms Invest Dierently than Public Firms? Taking Cues from the Natural Gas Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaodong

    Do Private Firms Invest Dierently than Public Firms? Taking Cues from the Natural Gas Industry Erik and public rms using a unique dataset of onshore U.S. natural gas producers. In rm-level regressions we nd that investments by private rms are 68% less responsive to changes in natural gas prices, a measure that captures

  19. Assessing and ordering investments in polluting fossil-fueled and zero-carbon capital

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , a process known as mothballing or early scrapping. Finally, the levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) is a misleading metric to assess investment in new capacities. Optimal LCOEs vary dramatically across technologies. Ranking technologies according to their LCOE would bring too little investment in renewable power, and too

  20. Do Energy Efficiency Investments Deliver? Evidence from the Weatherization Assistance Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherman, S. Murray

    Do Energy Efficiency Investments Deliver? Evidence from the Weatherization Assistance Program that energy efficiency (EE) policies are beneficial because they induce investments that pay for themselves for energy end uses increases as a result of greater efficiency ­ the paper fails to find evidence

  1. Research Report Energy Efficiency Investments as an Economic Productivity Strategy for Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laitner, J. A.

    2011-01-01

    recovery and robust development of our long-term global prosperity will not be possible without hefty increases in purposeful investment and greater levels of resource and energy efficiency... to increasing costs associated with clean air ? may all redirect investments in greater energy efficient and clean energy resources. ? What if the drought and heat continue to threaten Texas with rolling electrical blackouts? What if...

  2. WWW.THEEIR.COM THE EUROPEAN INVESTMENT REVIEW 1 A RATING-BASED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeanblanc, Monique

    WWW.THEEIR.COM THE EUROPEAN INVESTMENT REVIEW 1 A RATING-BASED MODEL FOR CREDIT DERIVATIVES not sustained by itself derivative-linked liabilities on oil and elec- tricitycontracts INVESTMENT REVIEW WWW.THEEIR.COM is a positive random function of the two vari- ables x and R, which

  3. Rebalancing an Investment Portfolio in the Presence of Convex Transaction Costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, John E.

    Rebalancing an Investment Portfolio in the Presence of Convex Transaction Costs John E. Mitchell. Abstract: The inclusion of transaction costs is an essential element of any realistic portfolio transaction costs are incurred to rebalance an investment portfolio. In partic- ular, we consider linear

  4. Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A joint venture between Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (MDARD) and the Michigan Economic Development Corporation (MEDC), the Strategic Growth Initiative Grant Program was...

  5. The Effect of Cues of Parental Investment on Attractiveness Ratings of Males: The Impact of Child Presence and Age 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Went, Hannah

    2007-01-01

    According to evolutionary theories of mate choice, male parental investment is a desired characteristic of long term mates. Brase (2006) found that cues of a positive disposition towards parental investment increased ...

  6. Essays on the Consumption and Investment Decisions of Households in the Presence of Housing and Human Capital

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Betermier, Sebastien

    2010-01-01

    and Wallace, N. (2001), A real options approach to housingList of Figures Investment options in housing in the reals investment options in housing in the real world. The agent

  7. Defensive Investments and the Demand for Air Quality: Evidence from the NOx Budget Program and Ozone Reductions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deschźnes, Olivier

    Willingness to pay for air quality is a function of health and the costly defensive investments that contribute to health, but there is little research assessing the empirical importance of defensive investments. The setting ...

  8. NREL's Industry Growth Forum Boosts Clean Energy Commercialization Efforts (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-12-01

    For more than a decade, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) Industry Growth Forum has been the nation's premier event for early-stage clean energy investment. The forum features presentations from the most innovative, promising, and emergent clean energy companies; provocative panels led by thought leaders; and organized networking opportunities. It is the perfect venue for growing cleantech companies to present their business to a wide range of investors.

  9. Beginning of Construction for Purposes of the Renewable Electricity Production Tax Credit and Energy Investment Tax Credit

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Beginning of Construction for Purposes of the Renewable Electricity Production Tax Credit and Energy Investment Tax Credit

  10. American Legacy Foundation. Saving Lives, Saving Money: Why States Should Invest in a Tobacco-Free Future.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul G. Billings; Frank Chaloupka; Matthrew Farrelly; Eric N. Lindblom; Thomas Novotny

    2002-01-01

    SAVINGLIVES, SAVING MONEY. Why States Should Invest in a Tobacco-American Legacy Foundation. Saving Lives, Saving Money: Why

  11. Direct growth of graphene on Si(111)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thanh Trung, Pham Joucken, Frédéric; Colomer, Jean-Franēois; Robert, Sporken; Campos-Delgado, Jessica; Raskin, Jean-Pierre; Hackens, Benoīt; Santos, Cristiane N.

    2014-06-14

    Due to the need of integrated circuit in the current silicon technology, the formation of graphene on Si wafer is highly desirable, but is still a challenge for the scientific community. In this context, we report the direct growth of graphene on Si(111) wafer under appropriate conditions using an electron beam evaporator. The structural quality of the material is investigated in detail by reflection high energy electron diffraction, Auger electron spectroscopy, X-ray photoemission spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, high resolution scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and scanning tunneling microscopy. Our experimental results confirm that the quality of graphene is strongly dependent on the growth time during carbon atoms deposition.

  12. Abstract--Under the need for anticipatory efficient investment in transmission, several problems arise at the regulation and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    electricity market. Index Terms--Transmission planning, transmission investment, regulation, additional lines electric system. Without anticipatory investment, the net number of lines in the long term may1 Abstract--Under the need for anticipatory efficient investment in transmission, several problems

  13. On Capital Investment Yossi Azar 1 , Yair Bartal 2 , Esteban Feuerstein 3 , Amos Fiat 1 , Stefano Leonardi 4 and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiat, Amos

    for investment occur over time, every such option consists of a capital cost for a new machine and a re­ sulting the total production and capital costs when future demand for the product being produced and investment to the mortgage problem [3]. If all possible capital investments obey the rule that lower production costs require

  14. Seeking Smart Growth: The Idea of a California Global Higher Education Hub

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douglass, John Aubrey; Edelstein, Richard; Haoreau, Cecile

    2013-01-01

    future for US economic growth is greater knowledge production, including high-tech areas such as developing alternative energy

  15. Infrastructure Investment Texas A&M Transportation Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    condition Population growth Vehicle miles traveled Fuel efficiency Construction cost inflation System years in per capita VMT is maintained Fuel efficiency ­ average rate of increase over the past 10 years is maintained Construction cost inflation ­ 5% increase per year (average annual change from 1998- 2013

  16. California’s K-12 Educational Infrastructure Investments: Leveraging the State’s Role for Quality School Facilities in Sustainable Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vincent, Jeffrey M.

    2012-01-01

    Educational Infrastructure Investments  California  Air  Resources  Educational Infrastructure Investments  In  2004,  the  California  Air  Resources  educational  facilities  planning  because  they  lack  the  resources  

  17. Energy Return On Investment of Engineered Geothermal Systems Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Mansure, Chip

    EROI is a ratio of the energy delivered to the consumer to the energy consumed to build, operate, and decommission the facility. EROI is important in assessing the viability of energy alternatives. Currently EROI analyses of geothermal energy are either out-of-date, of uncertain methodology, or presented online with little supporting documentation. This data set is a collection of files documenting data used to calculate the Energy Return On Investment (EROI) of Engineered Geothermal Systems (EGS) and erratum to publications prior to the final report. Final report is available from the OSTI web site (http://www.osti.gov/geothermal/). Data in this collections includes the well designs used, input parameters for GETEM, a discussion of the energy needed to haul materials to the drill site, the baseline mud program, and a summary of the energy needed to drill each of the well designs. EROI is the ratio of the energy delivered to the customer to the energy consumed to construct, operate, and decommission the facility. Whereas efficiency is the ratio of the energy delivered to the customer to the energy extracted from the reservoir.

  18. Deterrents to energy conservation investment in public housing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mills, E.; Ritschard, R.L.; Goldman, C.A.

    1987-01-01

    In an effort to reduce rising energy costs, the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) has strongly urged local public housing authorities (PHAs) to improve the energy efficiency of their building stock. In this study, the authors examine the relative impact on HUD and PHAs of four retrofit financing strategies used by two local housing authorities. They find that the existing Performance Funding System (PFS) regulations tend to discourage PHAs from actively pursuing cost-effective investments that improve the energy efficiency of their housing projects. The authors' results indicate that HUD policies distribute the dollar savings from conservation retrofits in such a way that HUD receives substantial benefits, while local public housing authorities get few benefits. In fact, PHAs can lose money, even in cases where there are significant energy savings and payback periods of less than three years. The authors tested several alternatives to the current regulations and found that the best way to encourage PHAs to conserve is for HUD to reimburse them for new maintenance and capital costs of the conservation retrofits.

  19. Energy Return On Investment of Engineered Geothermal Systems Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Mansure, Chip

    2012-01-01

    EROI is a ratio of the energy delivered to the consumer to the energy consumed to build, operate, and decommission the facility. EROI is important in assessing the viability of energy alternatives. Currently EROI analyses of geothermal energy are either out-of-date, of uncertain methodology, or presented online with little supporting documentation. This data set is a collection of files documenting data used to calculate the Energy Return On Investment (EROI) of Engineered Geothermal Systems (EGS) and erratum to publications prior to the final report. Final report is available from the OSTI web site (http://www.osti.gov/geothermal/). Data in this collections includes the well designs used, input parameters for GETEM, a discussion of the energy needed to haul materials to the drill site, the baseline mud program, and a summary of the energy needed to drill each of the well designs. EROI is the ratio of the energy delivered to the customer to the energy consumed to construct, operate, and decommission the facility. Whereas efficiency is the ratio of the energy delivered to the customer to the energy extracted from the reservoir.

  20. Engineered Geothermal Systems Energy Return On Energy Investment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mansure, A J

    2012-12-10

    Energy Return On Investment (EROI) is an important figure of merit for assessing the viability of energy alternatives. Too often comparisons of energy systems use ā??efficiencyā?¯ when EROI would be more appropriate. For geothermal electric power generation, EROI is determined by the electricity delivered to the consumer compared to the energy consumed to construct, operate, and decommission the facility. Critical factors in determining the EROI of Engineered Geothermal Systems (EGS) are examined in this work. These include the input energy embodied into the system. Embodied energy includes the energy contained in the materials, as well as, that consumed in each stage of manufacturing from mining the raw materials to assembling the finished system. Also critical are the system boundaries and value of the energy ā?? heat is not as valuable as electrical energy. The EROI of an EGS depends upon a number of factors that are currently unknown, for example what will be typical EGS well productivity, as well as, reservoir depth, temperature, and temperature decline rate. Thus the approach developed is to consider these factors as parameters determining EROI as a function of number of wells needed. Since the energy needed to construct a geothermal well is a function of depth, results are provided as a function of well depth. Parametric determination of EGS EROI is calculated using existing information on EGS and US Department of Energy (DOE) targets and is compared to the ā??minimumā?¯ EROI an energy production system should have to be an asset rather than a liability.

  1. Credibility and flexibility : political institutions and foreign direct investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Yu

    2007-01-01

    tech (%) Labor-intensive & high tech (%) Capital-intensive &Capital-intensive & high tech (%) n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.structure of national high-tech industrial development

  2. Essays on the Effects of Foreign Direct Investment on Economic Growth and Welfare: The Case of Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamara, Yusufu Unisa

    2014-05-31

    it was all over for me. Without their intervention I don’t know if I could be where I am today. I reserve a special thanks and acknowledgment to the late Alhaji Algassimu S. Jarr who not only advised me to follow the path that I am on but was always...

  3. Capital flows to Latin American countries: effects of foreign direct investment and remittances on growth and development 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vacaflores Rivero, Diego Eduardo

    2009-05-15

    The significant restructuring of international capital flows to developing countries – in particular to Latin American countries – observed in the last quarter century has generated significant research in the area to ...

  4. Greenhouse Gas Return on Investment: A New Metric for Energy Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Dornfeld, David; Horne, Steve

    2008-01-01

    CarbonPlanet, 2007, Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Country,In this discussion of greenhouse gas emissions and energyGreenhouse Gas Return on Investment: A New Metric for Energy

  5. Retail sales forecast : a cross sectional approach for real investment strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kong, Ai, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    The intent of this thesis is to identify the demand drivers for ten retail sub-categories in the US and develop an understanding of how to best use this information to make better retail real estate investment decisions. ...

  6. Technology Decisions Under Architectural Uncertainty: Informing Investment Decisions Through Tradespace Exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Battat, Jonathan A.

    Although NASA has yet to choose an architecture for human spaceflight beyond Earth orbit, they must pursue near-term investment in the enabling technologies that will be required for these future systems. Given this ...

  7. Improving the manufacturing yield of investment cast turbine blades through robust design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Margetts, David (David Lawrence)

    2008-01-01

    The manufacturing of turbine blades is often outsourced to investment casting foundries by aerospace companies that design and build jet engines. Aerospace companies have found that casting defects are an important cost ...

  8. Fact Sheet on DOE Clean Energy Impact Investment Center (vFinal...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    FACT SHEET U.S. Department of Energy DOE Clean Energy Impact Investment Center The President's Climate Action Plan (CAP) recognizes the need for action to address the impacts of...

  9. Value of more sophistication : capital investment decision-making with competitive dynamics in the mining industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yuanjian Carla

    2014-01-01

    In many mining markets, one of the central business planning decisions faced by firms is where, when, and by how much to expand their production capacity. Appropriate investment planning methodology is important to both ...

  10. Long-term contracts for new investments in power generation capacity : pain or gain?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakhrani, Vivek A. (Vivek Ashok)

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, a debate has ensued regarding the role of long-term power purchase agreements for securing investments in power generation capacity in organized wholesale markets. This thesis illuminates the issues ...

  11. SERVICE PLAN ANNUAL REPORT 2013 / 2014 FORESTRY INNOVATION INVESTMENT JUNE 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    development strategy. FII India's new office in Mumbai has been designed as a showcase of B.C. wood products, and now hosts not only FII India but also the Province's trade-and-investment representatives in Mumbai

  12. The drivers of foreign direct investment in telecommunications among developing countries : the role of government

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cruz Alemįn, Guillermo Alberto

    2009-01-01

    During the late 1980s, globalization of the world's economies and technological development created the conditions for the expansion of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in telecommunications. This tendency has been further ...

  13. Practitioner Perspectives Matter: Public Policy and Private Investment in the U.S. Electric Power Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barradale, Merrill Jones

    2010-01-01

    L.T. and P. Kraske (2003). “Renewable Energy Power PurchaseInvestments in Renewable Energy: The Role of Policy Design47. Wiser, R. (1997). “Renewable energy finance and project

  14. Practitioner Perspectives Matter: Public Policy and Private Investment in the U.S. Electric Power Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barradale, Merrill Jones

    2010-01-01

    policy which imposes a cost on CO2 emissions). Although noCO2 emissions under potential climate change policy) is usually incorporated into investment decision- making by including a cost

  15. Investments unwrapped : demystifying and automating technical analysis and hedge-fund strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasanhodzic, Jasmina, 1979-

    2007-01-01

    In this thesis we use nonlinear and linear estimation techniques to model two common investment strategies: hedge funds and technical analysis. Our models provide transparent and low-cost alternatives to these two ...

  16. The determinants of foreign direct investment in U.S. real estate : an empirical analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Min, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    This thesis provides an empirical analysis of the determinants of foreign direct investment in commercial real estate (FDIRE) in the U.S. We examine the major factors that affect levels of FDIRE in the U.S. and foreign ...

  17. Practitioner Perspectives Matter: Public Policy and Private Investment in the U.S. Electric Power Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barradale, Merrill Jones

    2010-01-01

    R. (1997). “Renewable energy finance and project ownership:e.g. , “Finance and investment in wind energy in theEnergy Power Purchase Agreements. ” Journal of Structured and Project Finance

  18. Application of Real Options Analysis in the Valuation of Investment in Biodiesel Production 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeboah, F. E.; Shahbazi, A.; Yeboah, O.A.; Singh, H.; Holcomb, F. H.

    2011-01-01

    to value investment projects that have flexibility in them tend to underestimate the values of the projects, because they fail to capture the value of the flexibility embedded in such projects. For biodiesel production, such flexibility may include...

  19. Long term infrastructure investments under uncertainty in the electric power sector using approximate dynamic programming techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seelhof, Michael

    2014-01-01

    A computer model was developed to find optimal long-term investment strategies for the electric power sector under uncertainty with respect to future regulatory regimes and market conditions. The model is based on a ...

  20. A generalized real options methodology for evaluating investments under uncertainty with application to air transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Bruno, 1974-

    2005-01-01

    Real options analysis is being increasingly used as a tool to evaluate investments under uncertainty; however, traditional real options methodologies have some shortcomings that limit their utility, such as the use of the ...

  1. Uncertainty and the timing of an urban congestion relief investment. The no-land case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saphores, JDM; Boarnet, M G

    2006-01-01

    investment lag; real options. JEL codes: D61, D81, R42. I.stopping problem using real options (see Dixit and Pindyck [make a binding decision. The real options approach has been

  2. Uncertainty and the timing of an urban congestion relief investment - The no-land case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saphores, Jean-Daniel M; Boarnet, Marlon G.

    2006-01-01

    investment lag; real options. JEL codes: D61, D81, R42. I.stopping problem using real options (see Dixit and Pindyck [make a binding decision. The real options approach has been

  3. The Lure of Chinese State Capitalism in Latin America: Influence, Investments and Imports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narins, Thomas Peter

    2015-01-01

    12, 2007. Allard, G. 2012. “Chinese OFDI in Africa: Trends,M. and Gugler, P. (eds. ) Chinese International Investments.You Need to Know About Chinese Companies Going Global. New

  4. Assessing and ordering investments in polluting fossil-fueled and zero-carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , the levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) is a misleading metric to assess investment in new capacities. Optimal LCOEs vary dramatically across technologies. Ranking technologies according to their LCOE would bring

  5. Practical Multifactor Approach to Evaluating Risk of Investment in Engineering Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sacks, Rafael

    Practical Multifactor Approach to Evaluating Risk of Investment in Engineering Projects Abraham informed decisions regarding the economic viability of engineering projects. In most building construction projects, sophisticated risk assessment methods are not used because the detailed input information

  6. Fighting cheaters: How and how much to invest Juan Carlos Nu~no 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Primicerio, Mario

    Fighting cheaters: How and how much to invest Juan Carlos Nu~no 1 , Miguel A. Herrero 2 and Mario wealth and deplete resources which are always limited and often scarce. To fight cheaters, a society can

  7. US energy research and development: Declining investment, increasing need, and the feasibility of expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nemet, Gregory F; Kammen, D M

    2007-01-01

    $1 billion less in energy R&D today than it did a decadenation’s investment in energy R&D, today the private sector$173b. Today, total private sector energy R&D is less than

  8. Liquid real estate investment fund in Latin America : analysis of worldwide best practices and portfolio proposal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Andres (Martinez Sanchez Hidalgo)

    2011-01-01

    This work was inspired by three factors: as real estate increasingly becomes a global investment option, investors around the world turn their attention to real estate emerging markets, such as the Latin American one, ...

  9. An analysis of Sovereign Wealth Funds and international real estate investments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Pulkit

    2010-01-01

    In recent times Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs) have become an important source of international real estate investments. A number of reports predict the swelling of SWF combined assets from its current figure of $3-4 trillion ...

  10. Apply option-thinking in long term infrastructure investment : the case of commercial real estate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Na, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    Over the last two decades the application of real options theory has dramatically altered the way researches model infrastructure investment decisions. Real options are the right, but not obligation to do something for a ...

  11. Strategic investment in power generation under uncertainty : Electric Reliability Council of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiyangwa, Diana Kudakwashe

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to develop a strategy for investment in power generation technologies in the future given the uncertainties in climate policy and fuel prices. First, such studies are commonly conducted using ...

  12. Agency and incentive contract in private investment of transport project : an exploration of fundamental relationships

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiang, Risharng

    2002-01-01

    This thesis codifies and relates critical incentive-design and financial-contracting issue to the unique principal-agent circumstances generated from private investment of transport infrastructure and provides a framework ...

  13. Real Effects of Accounting Rules: Evidence from Multinational Firms' Investment Location and Profit Repatriation Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, John R.

    We analyze survey responses from nearly 600 tax executives to better understand corporate decisions about real investment location and profit repatriation. Our evidence indicates that avoiding financial accounting income ...

  14. The Effect of Private Information and Monitoring on the Role of Accounting Quality in Investment Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beatty, Anne

    Information asymmetry between managers and outside capital suppliers can affect how firms finance capital investments. A growing body of evidence indicates that better accounting quality can reduce information asymmetry ...

  15. Program Details Investing in your education with the Master of Management -Manufacturing Management,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Program Details Investing in your education with the Master of Management - Manufacturing Management, will provide you with thorough business knowledge that will serve as a foundation throughout your world. The course based Master of Management - Manufacturing Management will prepare you

  16. Connecticut Green Bank's Residential Solar Investment Program: Economic Impact Analysis of Existing Commitments and Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Connecticut Green Bank's Residential Solar Investment Program: Economic Impact Analysis and Chief Operating Officer, Connecticut Green Bank February 9, 2015 #12;Connecticut Center for Economic Analysis Page 2 of 15 University of Connecticut TABLE OF CONTENTS Table of Contents

  17. The Relation Between Reporting Quality and Financing and Investment: Evidence from Changes in Financing Capacity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balakrishnan, Karthik

    We use changes in the value of a firm's real estate assets as an exogenous change in a firm's financing capacity to examine (1) the relation between reporting quality and financing and investment conditional on this change, ...

  18. Transmission stage investment of malaria parasites in response to in-host competition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wargo, Andrew R; de Roode, Jacobus C; Huijben, Silvie; Drew, Damien R; Read, Andrew F

    2007-01-01

    Conspecific competition occurs in a multitude of organisms, particularly in parasites, where several clones are commonly sharing limited resources inside their host. In theory, increased or decreased transmission investment ...

  19. Foreign Direct Investment in Food Retailing: The Case of the People’s Republic of China 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Au-Yeung, Amelia Y.S.

    Foreign direct investment (FDI) in food retailing has generated a considerable amount of attention in both the media and the business world throughout the 199Os, with a strong focus on Asian and Central and Eastern ...

  20. A hedge fund business plan : investment theory, operations, and capital raising for Broadgates Capital Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Jeffrey David

    2014-01-01

    Launching a start-up hedge fund is a complex, multifaceted endeavor that requires an understanding of the interconnectivity between capital raising, investment strategy, regulation, and fund operations. The purpose of this ...

  1. Tradeoff between Investments in Infrastructure and Forecasting when Facing Natural Disaster Risk 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Seong D.

    2010-07-14

    Hurricane Katrina of 2005 was responsible for at least 81 billion dollars of property damage. In planning for such emergencies, society must decide whether to invest in the ability to evacuate more speedily or in improved forecasting technology...

  2. Plan and Investment Notice JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY 403(B) PLAN & JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY INCOME DEFERRAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Plan and Investment Notice JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY 403(B) PLAN & JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY INCOME employer's plan which includes: · JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY 403(B) PLAN ­ Plan ID 103250 ·­ ­ Plan ID 103

  3. DOI: 10.1002/adma.200801764 Low-Temperature Deterministic Growth of Ge Nanowires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jo, Moon-Ho

    DOI: 10.1002/adma.200801764 Low-Temperature Deterministic Growth of Ge Nanowires Using Cu Solid-dimensional crystal growth essentially exploits the highly asymmetric growth kinetics in the radial and axial and the subsequent one-dimensional crystal growth.[1­3] One of the earliest and prevailing examples of such one

  4. Risk Aversion and CO2 Regulatory Uncertainty in Power Generation Investment: Policy and Modeling Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan, L; Hobbs, Benjamin F; Norman, C S

    the social cost of carbon abatement by as much as 50%? in this setting with risk neutral investors1. Delay can lead to investment in dirty technology in hopes that future policies will favor existing coal plants, or to support of lobbying efforts designed... regulation with auctioned permits, and they hedge against that eventuality in their capacity expansion choices by investing in the relatively clean gas-turbine technology. Figure 3: Effect of risk aversion on capacity decisions, grandfathered emission...

  5. Modeling tin whisker growth.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weinberger, Christopher Robert

    2013-08-01

    Tin, lead, and lead-tin solders are the most commonly used solders due to their low melting temperatures. However, due to the toxicity problems, lead must now be removed from solder materials. This has lead to the re-emergence of the issue of tin whisker growth. Tin whiskers are a microelectronic packaging issue because they can lead to shorts if they grow to sufficient length. However, the cause of tin whisker growth is still not well understood and there is lack of robust methods to determine when and if whiskering will be a problem. This report summarizes some of the leading theories on whisker growth and attempts to provide some ideas towards establishing the role microstructure plays in whisker growth.

  6. Renewable Energy Growth Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2014, Act H 7727 created the Renewable Energy Growth (REG) program with the goal to promote installation of grid connected renewable energy within the load zones of electric distribution...

  7. Robust Growth Determinants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doppelhofer, Gernot; Weeks, Melvyn

    2011-01-31

    growth in European regions, allowing for spa- tial spillovers across regions. The robust model averaging approach can also account for spatial clustering of errors by accommodating outliers and heteroscedastic errors. In both Classical and Bayesian...

  8. FGF growth factor analogs

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zamora, Paul O. (Gaithersburg, MD); Pena, Louis A. (Poquott, NY); Lin, Xinhua (Plainview, NY); Takahashi, Kazuyuki (Germantown, MD)

    2012-07-24

    The present invention provides a fibroblast growth factor heparin-binding analog of the formula: ##STR00001## where R.sub.1, R.sub.2, R.sub.3, R.sub.4, R.sub.5, X, Y and Z are as defined, pharmaceutical compositions, coating compositions and medical devices including the fibroblast growth factor heparin-binding analog of the foregoing formula, and methods and uses thereof.

  9. Changes in Investment and Irrigation Water Costs, Texas High Plains, 1950-54. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magee, A. C.; Hughes, William F.

    1956-01-01

    1949-7.4 13.1 Farms ma!ring capital improvements. 1950-54 82.6 86.9 Additional wells only 19.9 11.9 Distribution systems onlyi 8.1 2.2 Wells and distribution systems' 23.3 7.6 Lowering pumps only 8.1 21.7 Lowering pumps + additional wells 8.1 19....5 Lowering pumps + distribution systems4 4.6 14.2 Lowering pumps + additional wells and distribution systemst 10.5 9.8 10.2 - - 'Number of irrigated farms in sample. 177 (sandy-land area, 86: heavv land area. 91). 'Exclusive of Lynn and Terry counties...

  10. California’s K-12 Educational Infrastructure Investments: Leveraging the State’s Role for Quality School Facilities in Sustainable Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vincent, Jeffrey M.

    2012-01-01

    California  is  establishing   new  policies  to  ensure  land  use,   transportation,  and  infrastructure  investments  promote  energy,  

  11. Trends in U.S. Venture Capital Investments Related to Energy: 1980 through the Third Quarter of 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dooley, James J.

    2010-11-08

    This report documents trends in U.S. venture capital investments over the period 1980 through the third quarter of calendar year 2010 (2010 Q1+Q2+Q3). Particular attention is given to U.S. venture capital investments in the energy/industrial sector over the period 1980-2010 Q1+Q2+Q3 as well as in the more recently created cross-cutting category of CleanTech over the period 1995-2010 Q1+Q2+Q3. During the early 1980s, U.S. venture capital investments in the energy/industrial sector accounted for more than 20% of all venture capital investments. However subsequent periods of low energy prices, the deregulation of large aspects of the energy industry, and the emergence of fast growing new industries like computers (both hardware and software), biotechnology and the Internet quickly reduced the priority accorded to energy/industrial investments. To wit, venture capital investments related to the energy/industrial sector accounted for only 1% of the $132 billion (in real 2010 US$) invested in 2000 by the U.S. venture capital community. The significant increase in the real price of oil that began in 2003-2004 correlates with renewed interest and increased investment by the venture capital community in energy/industrial investment opportunities. Venture capital investments for 2009 for the energy/industrial sector accounted for $2.4 billion or slightly more than 13% of all venture capital invested that year. The total venture capital invested in energy/industrial during the first three quarters of 2010 is close to $2.4 billion accounting for slightly less than 15% of all venture capital investments during the first three quarters of 2010. In 2009, the aggregate amount invested in CleanTech was $2.1 billion (11% of the total US venture capital invested in that lean year) and for the first three quarters of 2010 US venture capital investments in CleanTech have already exceeded $2.8 billion (18% of all US venture capital investments made during the first three quarters of 2010). Between 2004 and 2009, U.S. venture capital investments in energy/industrial as well as CleanTech have more than quadrupled in real terms.

  12. Trends in U.S. Venture Capital Investments Related to Energy: 1980 through the Second Quarter of 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dooley, James J.

    2010-07-29

    This report documents trends in U.S. venture capital investments over the period 1980 through the second quarter of calendar year 2010 (2010Q1+Q2). Particular attention is given to U.S. venture capital investments in the energy/industrial sector over the period 1980-2010Q1+Q2 as well as in the more recently created cross-cutting category of CleanTech over the period 1995-2010Q1+Q2. During the early 1980s, U.S. venture capital investments in the energy/industrial sector accounted for more than 20% of all venture capital investments. However subsequent periods of low energy prices, the deregulation of large aspects of the energy industry, and the emergence of fast growing new industries like computers (both hardware and software), biotechnology and the Internet quickly reduced the priority accorded to energy/industrial investments. To wit, venture capital investments related to the energy/industrial sector accounted for only 1% of the $119 billion dollars invested in 2000 by the U.S. venture capital community. The significant increase in the real price of oil that began in 2003-2004 correlates with renewed interest and increased investment by the venture capital community in energy/industrial investment opportunities. Venture capital investments for 2009 for the energy/industrial sector accounted for $2.1 billion or slightly more than 13% of all venture capital invested that year. The total venture capital invested in energy/industrial during the first two quarters of 2010 is close to $1.8 billion accounting for 17% of all venture capital investments during the first two quarters of 2010. In 2009, the aggregate amount invested in CleanTech was $1.8 billion (30% of the total US venture capital invested in that lean year) and for the first two quarters of 2010 US venture capital investments in CleanTech have already exceeded $1.9 billion (19% of all US venture capital investments made during the first half of 2010). Between 2004 and 2009, U.S. venture capital investments in energy/industrial as well as CleanTech have more than quadrupled in real terms.

  13. Why is GDP growth linear?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Jörg D

    2015-01-01

    In many European countries the growth of the real GDP per capita has been linear since 1950. An explanation for this linearity is still missing. We propose that in artificial intelligence we may find models for a linear growth of performance. We also discuss possible consequences of the fact that in systems with linear growth the percentage growth goes to zero.

  14. Laboratory Evidence for Stochastic Plasma-Wave Growth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Austin, D. R.; Hole, M. J.; Robinson, P. A.; Cairns, Iver H.; Dallaqua, R.

    2007-11-16

    The first laboratory confirmation of stochastic growth theory is reported. Floating potential fluctuations are measured in a vacuum arc centrifuge using a Langmuir probe. Statistical analysis of the energy density reveals a lognormal distribution over roughly 2 orders of magnitude, with a high-field nonlinear cutoff whose spatial dependence is consistent with the predicted eigenmode profile. These results are consistent with stochastic growth and nonlinear saturation of a spatially extended eigenmode, the first evidence for stochastic growth of an extended structure.

  15. Energy Department Announces $150 Million in Tax Credits to Invest...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    jobs and 275 temporary construction jobs. Renewable Energy: Natel Energy Inc. makes low-head, high-flow hydroelectric turbines for new, distributed, utility-scale hydropower...

  16. Energy Department Announces $150 Million in Tax Credits to Invest...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    subject to final certification, include: Renewable Energy: Natel Energy Inc. makes low-head, high-flow hydroelectric turbines for new, distributed, utility-scale hydropower...

  17. Energy Department Invests $67 Million to Advanced Nuclear Technology...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to high priority nuclear energy research challenges, including instrumentation and vacuum drying systems associated with the storage of used nuclear fuel, an integrated...

  18. EZ Investment Tax Credit Refund for Renewable Energy Projects

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Colorado's Enterprise Zone (EZ) program provides tax incentives to encourage businesses to locate and expand in designated economically distressed areas of the state -- those having a high...

  19. Energy Department Announces Investments to Accelerate U.S. Manufacturi...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    projects at companies in California, Michigan and North Carolina that aim to lower the cost of manufacturing high-efficiency solid-state lighting (SSL) technologies like...

  20. Investing in the NW transmission system - revised Oct 2009.indd

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    demands during the summer, due in part to recent increases in commercial and residential air conditioning use. When air conditioning loads are high, this area is further congested...