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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

EIA - High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables 1990-2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2006 High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 13 complete) High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table B1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region, High Economic Growth Case High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

2

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2007-High Economic Growth Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 > High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) 7 > High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2007 High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. High World Oil Price Case Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table B1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table B1. World Total Primary energy consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table B2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table B2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

3

EIA - Appendix B - High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Appendix...

4

EIA - Appendix B - High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2009 High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table B1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table B1. World Total Primary energy consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table B2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table B2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

5

Annual Energy Outlook 2009 - Year-by-Year High Economic Growth Case Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

High Macroeconomic Growth Case Tables (2006-2030) High Macroeconomic Growth Case Tables (2006-2030) Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030 XLS GIF Spreadsheets are provided in Excel Year-by-Year High Economic Growth Case Tables (2006-2030) Table Title Formats Summary High Economic Growth Case Tables PDF GIF High Economic Growth Case Tables XLS GIF Table 1. Total Energy Supply and Disposition Summary XLS GIF Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source XLS GIF Table 3. Energy Prices by Sector and Source XLS GIF Table 4. Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption XLS GIF Table 5. Commercial Sector Indicators and Consumption XLS GIF Table 6. Industrial Sector Key Indicators and Consumption XLS GIF Table 7. Transportation Sector Key Indicators and Delivered Energy Consumption XLS GIF Table 8. Electricity Supply, Disposition, Prices, and Emissions

6

EIA - Appendix B - High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 > High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) 8 > High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2008 High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. High World Oil Price Case Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table B1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table B1. World Total Primary energy consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table B2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table B2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

7

EIA - Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables 1990-2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2006 Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 13 complete) Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region, Low Economic Growth Case Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel, Low Economic Growth Case

8

EIA-Annual Energy Outlook 2010 - High Economic Growth Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Economic Growth Tables (2007-2035) Economic Growth Tables (2007-2035) Annual Energy Outlook 2010 Main High Economic Growth Tables (2007- 2035) Table Title Formats Summary High Economic Growth Case Tables PDF Gif Year-by-Year High Economic Growth Case Tables Excel Gif Table 1. Total Energy Supply and Disposition Summary Excel Gif Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source Excel Gif Table 3. Energy Prices by Sector and Source Excel Gif Table 4. Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Excel Gif Table 5. Commercial Sector Indicators and Consumption Excel Gif Table 6. Industrial Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Excel Gif Table 7. Transportation Sector Key Indicators and Delivered Energy Consumption Excel Gif Table 8. Electricity Supply, Disposition, Prices, and Emissions Excel Gif

9

Annual Energy Outlook 2007 - Low Economic Growth Case Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Low Macroeconomic Growth Case Tables (2004-2030) Low Macroeconomic Growth Case Tables (2004-2030) Annual Energy Outlook 2007 with Projections to 2030 MS Excel Viewer Spreadsheets are provided in Excel Low Economic Growth Case Tables (2004-2030) Table Title Formats Summary Low Economic Growth Case Tables Low Economic Growth Case Tables Table 1. Total Energy Supply and Disposition Summary Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source Table 3. Energy Prices by Sector and Source Table 4. Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Table 5. Commercial Sector Indicators and Consumption Table 6. Industrial Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Table 7. Transportation Sector Key Indicators and Delivered Energy Consumption Table 8. Electricity Supply, Disposition, Prices, and Emissions Table 9. Electricity Generating Capacity

10

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2007-Low Economic Growth Case Projection  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2007 Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C1 World Total Energy Consumption by Region Table C1. World Total Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table C2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

11

EIA - Appendix C - Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Appendix...

12

Improved Growth of High-Temperature Superconductors with ...  

Visual Patent Search; Success Stories; News; Events; Electricity Transmission Improved Growth of High-Temperature Superconductors with HF Pressure ...

13

Drop Growth Due to High Supersaturation Caused by Isobaric Mixing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new conceptual model is proposed for enhanced cloud droplet growth during condensation. Rapid droplet growth may occur in zones of high supersaturation resulting from isobaric mixing of saturated volumes with different temperatures. Cloud ...

Alexei V. Korolev; George A. Isaac

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Highly Integrated Quality Assurance – An Empirical Case  

SciTech Connect

Highly Integrated Quality Assurance – An Empirical Case Drake Kirkham1, Amy Powell2, Lucas Rich3 1Quality Manager, Radioisotope Power Systems (RPS) Program, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625 M/S 6122, Idaho Falls, ID 83415-6122 2Quality Engineer, RPS Program, Idaho National Laboratory 3Quality Engineer, RPS Program, Idaho National Laboratory Contact: Voice: (208) 533-7550 Email: Drake.Kirkham@inl.gov Abstract. The Radioisotope Power Systems Program of the Idaho National Laboratory makes an empirical case for a highly integrated Quality Assurance function pertaining to the preparation, assembly, testing, storage and transportation of 238Pu fueled radioisotope thermoelectric generators. Case data represents multiple campaigns including the Pluto/New Horizons mission, the Mars Science Laboratory mission in progress, and other related projects. Traditional Quality Assurance models would attempt to reduce cost by minimizing the role of dedicated Quality Assurance personnel in favor of either functional tasking or peer-based implementations. Highly integrated Quality Assurance adds value by placing trained quality inspectors on the production floor side-by-side with nuclear facility operators to enhance team dynamics, reduce inspection wait time, and provide for immediate, independent feedback. Value is also added by maintaining dedicated Quality Engineers to provide for rapid identification and resolution of corrective action, enhanced and expedited supply chain interfaces, improved bonded storage capabilities, and technical resources for requirements management including data package development and Certificates of Inspection. A broad examination of cost-benefit indicates highly integrated Quality Assurance can reduce cost through the mitigation of risk and reducing administrative burden thereby allowing engineers to be engineers, nuclear operators to be nuclear operators, and the cross-functional team to operate more efficiently. Applicability of this case extends to any high-value, long-term project where traceability and accountability are determining factors.

Drake Kirkham; Amy Powell; Lucas Rich

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

EIA - Appendix C - Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2009 Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C1 World Total Energy Consumption by Region Table C1. World Total Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table C2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

16

EIA - Appendix C - Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2008 Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C1 World Total Energy Consumption by Region Table C1. World Total Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table C2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

17

Annual Energy Outlook 2007 - High Price Case Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Price Case Tables (2004-2030) Annual Energy Outlook 2007 with Projections to 2030 MS Excel Viewer Spreadsheets are provided in Excel High Price Case Tables (2004-2030) Table Title...

18

Annual Energy Outlook 2008 - High Price Case Tables  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Price Case Tables (2005-2030) Annual Energy Outlook 2008 with Projections to 2030 MS Excel Viewer Spreadsheets are provided in Excel High Price Case Tables (2005-2030) Table Title...

19

FILM GROWTH ON ALUMINUM IN HIGH-TEMPERATURE WATER  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Film growths on aluminum and two aluminum-1 wt.% nickel alloys in water at 250 and 350 deg C were studied. It was found that oxide growth does not advance on a uniform front but, to the contrary, the advancing surface contains many outcrops in the form of thin platelets, chunky outcrops, and whiskers. With both the pure metal and the alloys considerable intergranular attack was observed. The general corrosion product was usually more uniform in crystal size when formed on the pure metal, but variations in crystal size were observed on both aluminum and alloys with varying features of the metal surface. The roughness of the general oxide surface (includlng outcrops) was found to increase rapidly to about 0.2 micron and then remain relatively constant with increasing film thickness. The composition of films formed under all investigated conditions, except one, was found to be boehmite ( alpha -Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/- H/sub 2/O). This exception was films carried by the alloy specimens after testing for 32 days at 350 deg C. In this case the main corrosion film was still boehmite, but in addition the outer surface supported long needles of diaspore ( beta -Al/sub 2/ O/sub 3/- H/sub 2/O). (auth)

Hart, R.K.; Ruther, W.E.

1961-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Making The Business Case For High Performance Green Buildings...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Making The Business Case For High Performance Green Buildings Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

EIA - Appendix D - High Price Case Projections Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

High Price Case Projections Tables (2005-2035) High Price Case Projections Tables (2005-2035) International Energy Outlook 2010 High Oil Price Case Projections Tables (2005-2035) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) High Oil Price Case Projections Tables (1990-2030). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Appendix D. High Oil Price Case Projections Tables (1990-2030). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table D1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table D1. World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table D2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table D2. World total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

22

Energy Information Administration (EIA) - High World Oil Price Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

High World Oil Price Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) High World Oil Price Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2007 High World Oil Price Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) High World Oil Price Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. High World Oil Price Case Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table D1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table D1. World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table D2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table D2. World total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

23

High Penetration Photovoltaic Case Study Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Technical concerns with integrating higher penetrations of photovoltaic (PV) systems include grid stability, voltage regulation, power quality (voltage rise, sags, flicker, and frequency fluctuations), and protection and coordination. The current utility grid was designed to accommodate power flows from the central generation source to the transmission system and eventually to the distribution feeders. At the distribution level, the system was designed to carry power from the substation toward the load. Renewable distributed generation, particularly solar PV, provides power at the distribution level challenging this classical paradigm. As these resources become more commonplace the nature of the distribution network and its operation is changing to handle power flow in both directions. This report is focused on large PV installations in which penetration is significantly greater than 15% of maximum daytime feeder load. These case studies are intended to demonstrate success stories with integration of large PV plants at the distribution level as well as some of the solutions used by the utility to ensure safe, reliable operation of both the PV system and the distribution network.

Bank, J.; Mather, B.; Keller, J.; Coddington, M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

A TWP-ICE High-Level Cloud Case Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A TWP-ICE High-Level Cloud Case Study Mace, Gerald University of Utah Category: Field Campaigns The Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWP ICE) was conducted near...

25

Annual Energy Outlook 2009 - High Price Case Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6-2030) 6-2030) Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030 XLS GIF Spreadsheets are provided in Excel High Price Case Tables (2006-2030) Table Title Formats Summary High Price Case Tables PDF GIF High Price Case Tables XLS GIF Table 1. Total Energy Supply and Disposition Summary XLS GIF Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source XLS GIF Table 3. Energy Prices by Sector and Source XLS GIF Table 4. Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption XLS GIF Table 5. Commercial Sector Indicators and Consumption XLS GIF Table 6. Industrial Sector Key Indicators and Consumption XLS GIF Table 7. Transportation Sector Key Indicators and Delivered Energy Consumption XLS GIF Table 8. Electricity Supply, Disposition, Prices, and Emissions XLS GIF Table 9. Electricity Generating Capacity

26

Using magnetic resonance microscopy to study the growth dynamics of a glioma spheroid in collagen I: a case study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: Highly malignant gliomas are characterized by rapid growth, extensive local tissue infiltration and the resulting overall dismal clinical outcome. Gaining any additional insights into the complex interaction ...

Huang, Shuning

27

Numerical Modeling of Cased-hole Instability in High Pressure and High Temperature Wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Down-hole damages such as borehole collapse, circulation loss and rock tensile/compressive cracking in the open-hole system are well understood at drilling and well completion stages. However, less effort has been made to understand the instability of cemented sections in High Pressure High Temperature (HPHT) wells. The existing analysis shows that, in the perforation zones, casing/cement is subject to instability, particularly in the presence of cavities. This dissertation focuses on the instability mechanism of casing/cement in the non-perforated zones. We investigate the transient thermal behavior in the casing-cement-formation system resulting from the movement of wellbore fluid using finite element method. The critical value of down-hole stresses is identified in both wellbore heating and cooling effects. Differently with the heating effect, the strong cooling effect in a cased hole can produce significant tension inside casing/cement. The confining formation has an obvious influence on the stability of casing/cement. The proposed results reveal that the casing/cement system in the non-homogeneous formation behaves differently from that in homogeneous formation. With this in mind, a three-dimensional layered finite element model is developed to illustrate the casing/cement mechanical behavior in the non-homogeneous formation. The radial stress of cement sheath is found to be highly variable and affected by the contrast in Young’s moduli in the different formation layers. The maximum stress is predicted to concentrate in the casing-cement system confined by the sandstone. Casing wear in the cased-hole system causes significant casing strength reduction, possibly resulting in the casing-cement tangential collapse. In this study, an approach for calculating the stress concentration in the worn casing with considering temperature change is developed, based on boundary superposition. The numerical results indicate that the casing-cement system after casing wear will suffer from severe tangential instability due to the elevated compressive hoop stress. Gas migration during the cementing process results from the fluid cement’s inability to balance formation pore pressure. Past experience emphasized the application of chemical additives to reduce or control gas migration during the cementing process. This report presents the thermal and mechanical behaviors in a cased hole caused by created gas channels after gas migration. In conclusion, the size and the number of gas channels are two important factors in determining mechanical instability in a casing-cement system.

Shen, Zheng 1983-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

The High Cycle Fatigue, Damage Initiation and Growth and Final ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy Based Fatigue Life Prediction Models and Methods for Combined Low Cycle and High Cycle Fatigue · Fatigue Behavior of AM60B Subjected to Variable  ...

29

Deploying High Penetration Photovoltaic Systems: A Case Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Photovoltaic (PV) system capacity penetration, or simply 'penetration,' is often defined as the rated power output of the aggregate PV systems on a distribution circuit segment divided by the peak load of that circuit segment. Industry experts agree that a single value defining high penetration is not universally applicable. However, it is generally agreed that a conservative value to designate high penetration is the condition when the ratio of aggregate PV systems ratings to peak load exceeds 15%. This case study illustrates the case of a distribution feeder which is able to accommodate a traditional capacity penetration level of 47%, and perhaps more. New maximum penetration levels need to be defined and verified and enhanced definitions for penetration on a distribution circuit need to be developed. The new penetration definitions and studies will help utility engineers, system developers, and regulatory agencies better agree what levels of PV deployment can be attained without jeopardizing the reliability and power quality of a circuit.

Coddington, M. H.; Baca, D.; Kroposki, B. D.; Basso, T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

E33: Influence of High Magnetic Field on Intermediate Phase Growth ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It indicates that high magnetic field of positive gradient promote the growth rate of the .... Mechanical Properties of Low-cost Beta-type Ti-Mn Alloys Fabricated by ...

31

Low temperature metal-organic chemical vapor deposition growth processes for high-efficiency solar cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the results of a program to develop a more complete understanding of the physical and chemical processes involved in low-temperature growth of III-V compounds by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) and to develop a low-temperature process that is suitable for the growth of high-efficiency solar cells. The program was structured to develop a better understanding of the chemical reactions involved in MOCVD growth, to develop a model of the processes occurring in the gas phase, to understand the physical kinetics and reactions operative on the surface of the growing crystal, and to develop an understanding of the means by which these processes may be altered to reduce the temperature of growth and the utilization of toxic hydrides. The basic approach was to develop the required information about the chemical and physical kinetics operative in the gas phase and on the surface by the direct physical measurement of the processes whenever possible. The program included five tasks: (1) MOCVD growth process characterization, (2) photoenhanced MOCVD studies, (3) materials characterization, (4) device fabrication and characterization, and (5) photovoltaic training. Most of the goals of the program were met and significant progress was made in defining an approach that would allow both high throughput and high uniformity growth of compound semiconductors at low temperatures. The technical activity was focused on determining the rates of thermal decomposition of trimethyl gallium, exploring alternate arsenic sources for use MOCVD, and empirical studies of atomic layer epitaxy as an approach.

Dapkus, P.D. (University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States))

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Event:15th International Business Forum: Low Carbon High Growth - Business  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forum: Low Carbon High Growth - Business Forum: Low Carbon High Growth - Business Models for a Changing Climate Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png 15th International Business Forum: Low Carbon High Growth - Business Models for a Changing Climate: on 2012/10/21 "The conference will provide a platform for success stories of innovative, inclusive business models tackling climate change. Entrepreneurs, intrapreneurs, policy-makers and investors are invited to discuss their concepts and ideas in a public-private dialogue and jointly look for ways of scaling up innovative business solutions and cooperations. Taking up the recommendations of Rio+20, the 15th International Business Forum will discuss challenges of climate investments from a business perspective and present practical business-led approaches and solutions. The underlying

33

Optimization of source-sink dynamics in plant growth for ideotype breeding: A case study on maize  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this work is to illustrate how a mathematical model of plant growth could be possibly used to design ideotypes and thus leads to new breeding strategies based on the guidance from optimization techniques. As a test case, maize (Zea mays ... Keywords: Functional-structural model, GreenLab, Multi-objective optimization, Pareto front, Zea mays

Rui Qi; Yuntao Ma; Baogang Hu; Philippe de Reffye; Paul-Henry Cournède

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Accounting for Age Uncertainty in Growth Modeling, the Case Study of Yellowfin Tuna (Thunnus albacares) of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accounting for Age Uncertainty in Growth Modeling, the Case Study of Yellowfin Tuna (Thunnus´enne de Bretagne, Rennes, France, 3 Indian Ocean Tuna Commission, Victoria, Seychelles, 4 Unite´ Mixte de our approach using the saggital otoliths of yellowfin tuna of the Indian Ocean collected through large

35

Grain growth behavior and high-temperature high-strain-rate tensile ductility of iridium alloy DOP-26  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes results of studies conducted to date under the Iridium Alloy Characterization and Development subtask of the Radioisotope Power System Materials Production and Technology Program to characterize the properties of the new-process iridium-based DOP-26 alloy used for the Cassini space mission. This alloy was developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in the early 1980`s and is currently used by NASA for cladding and post-impact containment of the radioactive fuel in radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) heat sources which provide electric power for interplanetary spacecraft. Included within this report are data generated on grain growth in vacuum or low-pressure oxygen environments; a comparison of grain growth in vacuum of the clad vent set cup material with sheet material; effect of grain size, test temperature, and oxygen exposure on high-temperature high-strain-rate tensile ductility; and grain growth in vacuum and high-temperature high-strain-rate tensile ductility of welded DOP-26. The data for the new-process material is compared to available old-process data.

McKamey, C.G.; Gubbi, A.N.; Lin, Y.; Cohron, J.W.; Lee, E.H.; George, E.P.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Southeast high speed rail (SEHSR): a case study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transportation system. High speed rail service will provide100 – 500 miles. High speed rail in the Southeast will meanto develop a high speed rail network connecting their states

Gallagher, William

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

The growth of cultural industry and the role of government : the case of Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 21 st century is the age of culture. Cultural industry is rapidly internationalizing and a number of countries seeking a new source of economic growth are now turning their attention to cultural industries. In Asia, ...

Park, Kang Ah

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Annual Energy Outlook 2006 - High Price Case Tables  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Price Case Tables (2003-2030) Annual Energy Outlook 2006 with Projections to 2030 To view or print in PDF format, Adobe Acrobat Reader 6.0 MS Excel Viewer Spreadsheets are provided...

39

Business Case Slide 7: High-Volume: Repository - Diagram  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diagram Previous Slide Next Slide Table of Contents High-Volume: Repository - Diagram Repository Tunnel Components...

40

Business Case Slide 16: High-Volume: Casks - Basis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Basis Previous Slide Next Slide Table of Contents High-Volume: Casks - Basis Basis Storage casks with high-density shielding can be directly loaded in reactor pools Eliminates a...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Business Case Slide 20: High-Value: Generic - 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High-Value: Generic - 1 Potential Benefits EM Revenues: high-value applications can afford to pay more than a nominal amount for DU Positive program visibility: "swords to...

42

Business Case Slide 14: High-Volume: Casks - DUCRETE (cont)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DUCRETE (cont.) Previous Slide Next Slide Table of Contents High-Volume: Casks - DUCRETE(tm) (cont.) DUCRETE Casks are Considerably Smaller and Lighter than Casks Constructed of...

43

Business Case Slide 19: High-Volume: Casks - Program Focus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Volume: Casks - Program Focus Previous Slide Next Slide Table of Contents High-Volume: Casks - Program Focus ORNL furnace for cermet development ORNL furnace for cermet development...

44

Business Case Slide 21: High-Value: Generic - 2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High-Value: Generic - 2 Issues All still at research stage Have theoretical or initial experimental information that does not contravene viability Most involve use in...

45

Business Case Slide 12: High-Volume: Casks - Description  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Casks - Description Previous Slide Next Slide Table of Contents High-Volume: Casks - Description Description Use DUO2 to enhance the shielding efficiency in spent fuel casks for...

46

Business Case Slide 18: High-Volume: Casks - Issues  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High-Volume: Casks - Issues Issues Low-cost manufacturing techniques for large shapes DUAGG(tm) Achieving a homogenous distribution in cement matrix Ensuring adequate strength...

47

Business Case Slide 28: High-Value: Semiconductors - Program...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Semiconductors - Program Focus Previous Slide Next Slide Table of Contents High-Value: Semiconductors - Program Focus Measurement of DUO2 transistor properties at ORNL Measurement...

48

High school computing teachers' beliefs and practices: A case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this work is threefold. Firstly, an empirical study was designed with the aim of investigating the beliefs that High School Computing (HSC) teachers hold about: (a) their motivational orientation, self-efficacy, and self-expectations as Computing ... Keywords: High school computing teachers, Secondary education, Teacher beliefs and practices, Teacher professional development, Teaching/learning strategies

Maria Kordaki

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Business Case Slide 26: High-Value: Semiconductors - Description...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(cont.) Previous Slide Next Slide Table of Contents High-Value: Semiconductors - Description (cont.) Measuring the photo-voltaic properties of a DUO2 diode at NREL Measuring the...

50

Business Case Slide 29: High-Value: Energy Uses - Description  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Uses - Description Previous Slide Next Slide Table of Contents High-Value: Energy Uses - Description Description Use DUO2 as the core component of advanced energy systems Fuel cell...

51

Business Case Slide 11: High-Volume: Repository - Program Focus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Focus Previous Slide Next Slide Table of Contents High-Volume: Repository - Program Focus Program focus (ORNL) Fill and cermets are being pursued Both put DUO2 close to...

52

Business Case Slide 10: High-Volume: Repository - Issues  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Issues Previous Slide Next Slide Table of Contents High-Volume: Repository - Issues Issues Technical basis for using DUO2 as a geochemical barrier Technical issues DUO2 alteration...

53

Business Case Slide 13: High-Volume: Casks - DUCRETE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Previous Slide Next Slide Table of Contents High-Volume: Casks - DUCRETE(tm) DUAGG Briquettes DUAGG briquettes are made by a liquid-phase-sintering process and crushed and...

54

EIA - Appendix D - High Price Case Projections Tables (1990-2030)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

High Price Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) High Price Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2009 High Oil Price Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) High Oil Price Case Projections Tables (1990-2030). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. High Oil Price Case Projections Tables (1990-2030). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table D1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table D1. World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table D2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table D2. World total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

55

EIA - Appendix D - High Price Case Projections Tables (1990-2030)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

High Price Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) High Price Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2008 High Price Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) High Price Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. High World Oil Price Case Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table D1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table D1. World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table D2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table D2. World total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

56

Commentary Meningococcal disease: identifying high-risk cases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the previous issue of Critical Care, Vermont and colleagues presented a simple but well-executed observational study describing the levels of chemokines in the serum of 58 children with meningococcal sepsis. The chemokine levels correlated with disease severity and outcome. Significant correlations were demonstrated between admission chemokine levels and the Paediatric Risk of Mortality score, the Disseminated Intravascular Coagulopathy score, the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score and laboratory parameters of disease severity. Additionally, nonsurvivors had much higher levels of chemokines compared with survivors, and the chemokine levels predicted mortality with a high degree of sensitivity and specificity. The findings are important as they indicate a possible mechanism for risk stratification in future trials of novel therapies in human sepsis, which as yet have not

David Inwald; Mark Peters

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Ammothermal Growth of Gan Substrates For Leds: High-Pressure Ammonothermal Process for Bulk Gallium Nitride Crystal Growth for Energy Efficient Commercially Competitive Lighting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: The new GaN crystal growth method is adapted from that used to grow quartz crystals, which are very inexpensive and represent the second-largest market for single crystals for electronic applications (after silicon). More extreme conditions are required to grow GaN crystals and therefore a new type of chemical growth chamber was invented that is suitable for large-scale manufacturing. A new process was developed that grows GaN crystals at a rate that is more than double that of current processes. The new technology will enable GaN substrates with best-in-world quality at lowest-in-world prices, which in turn will enable new generations of white LEDs, lasers for full-color displays, and high-performance power electronics.

None

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

High Growth Rate of Epitaxial Silicon-Carbon Alloys by High-Order Silane Precursor and Chemical Vapor Deposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rates typically achieved by disilane and silane, respectively, at 575o C. The rate at present is limited precursor HOS than disilane in CVD, even at lower temperatures. Our current growth rates of Si1-yCy alloys

59

Stoichiometric growth of high Curie temperature heavily alloyed GaMnAs  

SciTech Connect

Heavily alloyed, 100 nm Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As (x>0.1) films are obtained via low-temperature molecular beam epitaxy by utilizing a combinatorial technique which allows systematic control of excess arsenic during growth. Reproducible electronic, magnetic, and structural properties are optimized in a narrow range of stoichiometric growth conditions. In contrast to a prediction of the Zener model of hole-mediated ferromagnetism, the Curie temperature of the stoichiometric material is independent of x (for x>0.1), while substitutional Mn content is proportional to x within a large window of growth conditions.

Mack, S.; Myers, R. C.; Heron, J. T.; Gossard, A. C.; Awschalom, D. D. [Center for Spintronics and Quantum Computation, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2008-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

60

Airflow and Hail Growth in a Severe Northern High Plains Supercell  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Air and particle trajectory calculations using internal motions from Doppler radar observations are used to identify kinematic feature and hail growth processes operating in a supercell storm that occurred on 2 August 1981 in southeastern ...

L. Jay Miller; John D. Tuttle; Charles A. Knight

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy Observation of Colloidal Nanocrystal Growth Mechanisms using Graphene Liquid Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Growth Mechanisms using Graphene Liquid Cells Jong Min Yuk,Legends Fig. S1. Preparation of a graphene liquid cell. (fabrication processes of the graphene liquid cell. (B) SEM

Yuk, Jong Min

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

High temperature step-flow growth of gallium phosphide by molecular beam epitaxy and metalorganic chemical vapor deposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Post-growth surface morphologies of high-temperature homoepitaxial GaP films grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) and metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) have been studied. Smooth, stepped surface morphologies of MBE-grown layers, measured by atomic force microscopy, were found for a wide range of substrate temperatures and P{sub 2}:Ga flux ratios. A MOCVD-based growth study performed under similar conditions to MBE-grown samples shows a nearly identical smooth, step-flow surface morphology, presenting a convergence of growth conditions for the two different methods. The additional understanding of GaP epitaxy gained from this study will impact its use in applications that include GaP-based device technologies, III-V metamorphic buffers, and III-V materials integration with silicon.

Ratcliff, C. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Grassman, T. J.; Ringel, S. A. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Institute for Materials Research, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Carlin, J. A. [Institute for Materials Research, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)

2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

63

Growth of Thick, On-Axis SiC Epitaxial Layers by High Temperature ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Layers by High Temperature Halide CVD for High Voltage Power Devices ... rate, high temperature process ideally suited for thick epitaxial requirements.

64

High density growth of T7 expression strains with auto-induction option  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bacterial growth medium for promoting auto-induction of transcription of cloned DNA in cultures of bacterial cells grown batchwise is disclosed. The transcription is under the control of a lac repressor. Also disclosed is a bacterial growth medium for improving the production of a selenomethionine-containing protein or polypeptide in a bacterial cell, the protein or polypeptide being produced by recombinant DNA techniques from a lac or T7lac promoter, the bacterial cell encoding a vitamin B12-dependent homocysteine methylase. Finally, disclosed is a bacterial growth medium for suppressing auto-induction of expression in cultures of bacterial cells grown batchwise, said transcription being under the control of lac repressor.

Studier, F. William (Stony Brook, NY)

2010-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

65

High Growth Rate Deposition of Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon-Germanium Films and Devices Using ECR-PECVD  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hydrogenated amorphous silicon germanium films (a-SiGe:H) and devices have been extensively studied because of the tunable band gap for matching the solar spectrum and mature the fabrication techniques. a-SiGe:H thin film solar cells have great potential for commercial manufacture because of very low cost and adaptability to large-scale manufacturing. Although it has been demonstrated that a-SiGe:H thin films and devices with good quality can be produced successfully, some issues regarding growth chemistry have remained yet unexplored, such as the hydrogen and inert-gas dilution, bombardment effect, and chemical annealing, to name a few. The alloying of the SiGe introduces above an order-of-magnitude higher defect density, which degrades the performance of the a-SiGe:H thin film solar cells. This degradation becomes worse when high growth-rate deposition is required. Preferential attachment of hydrogen to silicon, clustering of Ge and Si, and columnar structure and buried dihydride radicals make the film intolerably bad. The work presented here uses the Electron-Cyclotron-Resonance Plasma-Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (ECR-PECVD) technique to fabricate a-SiGe:H films and devices with high growth rates. Helium gas, together with a small amount of H{sub 2}, was used as the plasma species. Thickness, optical band gap, conductivity, Urbach energy, mobility-lifetime product, I-V curve, and quantum efficiency were characterized during the process of pursuing good materials. The microstructure of the a-(Si,Ge):H material was probed by Fourier-Transform Infrared spectroscopy. They found that the advantages of using helium as the main plasma species are: (1) high growth rate--the energetic helium ions break the reactive gas more efficiently than hydrogen ions; (2) homogeneous growth--heavy helium ions impinging on the surface promote the surface mobility of the reactive radicals, so that heteroepitaxy growth as clustering of Ge and Si, columnar structure are reduced; (3) surface hydrogen removal--heavier and more energetic helium ions break the Si-H much easier than hydrogen ions. The preferential attachment of Si-H to Ge-H is reduced. They also found that with the small amount of hydrogen put into the plasma, the superior properties of a-(Si,Ge):H made from pure hydrogen dilution plasma were still maintained. These hydrogen ions help to remove the subsurface weakly bonded hydrogen and buried hydrogen. They also help to passivate the Ge-dangling bond.

Yong Liu

2002-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

66

Seeded Growth of Highly Luminescent CdSe/CdS Nano-Heterostructures with Rod and Tetrapod Morphologies  

SciTech Connect

We have demonstrated that seeded growth of nanocrystals offers a convenient way to design nanoheterostructures with complex shapes and morphologies by changing the crystalline structure of the seed. By using Use nanocrystals with wurtzite and zinc blende structure as seeds for growth of US nanorods, we synthesized CdSe/CdS heterostructure nanorods and nanotetrapods, respectively. Both of these structures showed excellent luminescentproperties, combining high photoluminescence efficiency (similar to 80 and similar to 50percent for nanorods and nanotetrapods, correspondingly), giant extinction coefficients (similar to 2 x 10(7) and similar to 1.5 x 10(8) M-1 cm (-1) at 350 nm for nanorods and nanotetrapods, correspondingly), and efficient energy transfer from the US arms into the emitting CdSe Core.

Talapin, Dmitri; Talapin, Dmitri V.; Nelson, James H.; Shevchenko, Elena V.; Aloni, Shaul; Sadtler, Bryce; Alivisatos, A. Paul

2007-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

67

Growth of high Bi concentration GaAs{sub 1-x}Bi{sub x} by molecular beam epitaxy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The incorporation of Bi is investigated in the molecular beam epitaxy growth of GaAs{sub 1-x}Bi{sub x}. Bi content increases rapidly as the As{sub 2}:Ga flux ratio is lowered to 0.5 and then saturates for lower flux ratios. Growth under Ga and Bi rich conditions shows that Bi content increases strongly with decreasing temperature. A model is proposed where Bi from a wetting layer incorporates through attachment to Ga-terminated surface sites. The weak Ga-Bi bond can be broken thermally, ejecting Bi back into the wetting layer. Highly crystalline films with up to 22% Bi were grown at temperatures as low as 200 Degree-Sign C.

Lewis, R. B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, V6T 1Z1 Vancouver (Canada); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Victoria, V8W 3P6 Victoria (Canada); Masnadi-Shirazi, M. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Victoria, V8W 3P6 Victoria (Canada); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of British Columbia, V6T 1Z4 Vancouver (Canada); Tiedje, T. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Victoria, V8W 3P6 Victoria (Canada)

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

68

Component Overpressure Growth and Characterization of High Resistivity CdTe Crystals for Radiation Detectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spectrometer-grade CdTe single crystals with resistivities higher than 10{sup 9} {Omega} cm have been grown by the modified Bridgman method using zone-refined precursor materials (Cd and Te) under a Cd overpressure. The grown CdTe crystals had good charge-transport properties ({mu}{tau}{sub e} = 2 x 10{sup -3} cm{sup 2} V{sup -1}, {mu}{tau}{sub h} = 8 x 10{sup -5} cm{sup 2} V{sup -1}) and significantly reduced Te precipitates compared with crystals grown without Cd overpressure. The crystal growth conditions for the Bridgman system were optimized by computer modeling and simulation, using modified MASTRAPP program, and applied to crystal diameters of 14 mm (0.55'), 38 mm (1.5'), and 76 mm (3'). Details of the CdTe crystal growth operation, structural, electrical, and optical characterization measurements, detector fabrication, and testing using {sup 241}Am (60 keV) and {sup 137}Cs (662 keV) sources are presented.

Mandal, Krishna [EIC Laboratories, Inc.; Kang, Sung Hoon [EIC Laboratories, Inc.; Choi, Michael [EIC Laboratories, Inc.; Wei, Jiuan [State University of New York, Stony Brook; Zheng, Lili [State University of New York, Stony Brook; Zhang, Hui [State University of New York, Stony Brook; Jellison Jr, Gerald Earle [ORNL; Groza, Michael [Fisk University, Nashville, TN; Burger, Arnold [Fisk University, Nashville, TN

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Growth and Characterization of Ge 1-x Sn x Layers for High Mobility ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tensile-strained Ge and GeSn layers are attractive for high mobility channel materials of future CMOS devices, because both electron and hole mobilities of ...

70

Molecular dynamics simulation of high strain-rate void nucleation and growth in copper  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Isotropic tension is simulated in nanoscale polycrystalline copper with 10 nm grain size using large-scale molecular dynamics. The nanocrystalline copper is fabricated on the computer by growing randomly oriented grains from seed sites in simulations cell. Constant volume strain rates of 10-8 to 10-10 are considered for systems ranging from 10-5 to 10-6 atoms using EAM interatomic potential for copper. The spacing between voids for room temperature single crystal simulations is found to scale approximately as l{approximately}0. 005 Cs/gamma, where Cs is the sound speed and gamma is the strain rate. Below strain rates of about 10-9, only one void is observed to nucleate and grow in the 10 nm polycrystalline simulation cell. The growth of small voids is simulated by cutting a void out of the simulation cell and repeating the isotropic expansion.

Belak, J.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Cactus and Visapult: A case study of ultra-high performance distributed visualization using connectionless protocols  

SciTech Connect

This past decade has seen rapid growth in the size, resolution, and complexity of Grand Challenge simulation codes. Many such problems still require interactive visualization tools to make sense of multi-terabyte data stores. Visapult is a parallel volume rendering tool that employs distributed components, latency tolerant algorithms, and high performance network I/O for effective remote visualization of massive datasets. In this paper we discuss using connectionless protocols to accelerate Visapult network I/O and interfacing Visapult to the Cactus General Relativity code to enable scalable remote monitoring and steering capabilities. With these modifications, network utilization has moved from 25 percent of line-rate using tuned multi-streamed TCP to sustaining 88 percent of line rate using the new UDP-based transport protocol.

Shalf, John; Bethel, E. Wes

2002-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

72

Case Study of a Halistorm in Colorado. Part IV: Graupel and Hail Growth Mechanisms Deduced through Particle Trajectory Calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The processes of development of graupel and had which fell to the ground from a storm in northeastern Colorado on 22 July 1976 are investigated over a one-hour period. The growth and trajectories of 130 000 particles of different types and sizes ...

Andrew J. Heymsfield

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Numerical Modeling of Hailstorms and Hailstone Growth. Part III: Simulation of an Alberta Hailstorm—Natural and Seeded Cases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on simulations of a multicellular hailstorm case observed during the 1983 Alberta Hail Project. The field operations on that day concentrated on two successive feeder cells which were subjected to controlled seeding ...

Richard D. Farley

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Silicate-free growth of high-quality ultrathin cerium oxide films on Si(111)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ultrathin Ce{sub 2}O{sub 3} layers have been grown on Si(111) by reactive metal deposition in an oxygen background and characterized by x-ray standing waves, x-ray diffraction, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and low-energy electron diffraction to elucidate and quantify both atomic structure and chemical composition. It is demonstrated that highly ordered, mostly B-oriented, epitaxial ceria films can be achieved by preadsorption of a monolayer of atomic chlorine, effectively passivating the substrate and thereby suppressing cerium silicate and silicon oxide formation at the interface.

Flege, Jan Ingo; Kaemena, Bjoern; Wilkens, Torsten; Schmidt, Thomas; Falta, Jens [Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Bremen, Otto-Hahn-Allee 1, D-28359 Bremen (Germany); Gevers, Sebastian; Bruns, Daniel; Wollschlaeger, Joachim [Department of Physics, University of Osnabrueck, Barbarastrasse 7, D-49069 Osnabrueck (Germany); Bertram, Florian; Baetjer, Jan [Hamburger Synchrotronstrahlungslabor am Deutschen Elektronensynchrotron, Notkestrasse 85, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

75

Low temperature metal-organic chemical vapor deposition growth processes for high-efficiency solar cells. Final technical report, 1 September 1985--30 November 1989  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the results of a program to develop a more complete understanding of the physical and chemical processes involved in low-temperature growth of III-V compounds by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) and to develop a low-temperature process that is suitable for the growth of high-efficiency solar cells. The program was structured to develop a better understanding of the chemical reactions involved in MOCVD growth, to develop a model of the processes occurring in the gas phase, to understand the physical kinetics and reactions operative on the surface of the growing crystal, and to develop an understanding of the means by which these processes may be altered to reduce the temperature of growth and the utilization of toxic hydrides. The basic approach was to develop the required information about the chemical and physical kinetics operative in the gas phase and on the surface by the direct physical measurement of the processes whenever possible. The program included five tasks: (1) MOCVD growth process characterization, (2) photoenhanced MOCVD studies, (3) materials characterization, (4) device fabrication and characterization, and (5) photovoltaic training. Most of the goals of the program were met and significant progress was made in defining an approach that would allow both high throughput and high uniformity growth of compound semiconductors at low temperatures. The technical activity was focused on determining the rates of thermal decomposition of trimethyl gallium, exploring alternate arsenic sources for use MOCVD, and empirical studies of atomic layer epitaxy as an approach.

Dapkus, P.D. [University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Driving Down HB-LED Costs: Implementation of Process Simulation Tools and Temperature Control Methods of High Yield MOCVD Growth  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this multi-faceted program is to develop epitaxial growth systems that meet a goal of 75% (4X) cost reduction in the epitaxy phase of HB-LED manufacture. A 75% reduction in yielded epitaxy cost is necessary in order to achieve the cost goals for widespread penetration of HB-LEDâ??s into back-lighting units (BLU) for LCD panels and ultimately for solid-state lighting (SSL). To do this, the program will address significant improvements in overall equipment Cost of Ownership, or CoO. CoO is a model that includes all costs associated with the epitaxy portion of production. These aspects include cost of yield, capital cost, operational costs, and maintenance costs. We divide the program into three phases where later phases will incorporate the gains of prior phases. Phase one activities are enabling technologies. In collaboration with Sandia National Laboratories we develop a Fluent-compatible chemistry predictive model and a set of mid-infrared and near-ultraviolet pyrometer monitoring tools. Where previously the modeling of the reactor dynamics were studied within FLUENT alone, here, FLUENT and Chemkin are integrated into a comprehensive model of fluid dynamics and the most advanced transport equations developed for Chemkin. Specifically, the Chemkin model offered the key reaction terms for gas-phase nucleation, a key consideration in the optimization of the MOCVD process. This new predictive model is used to design new MOCVD reactors with optimized growth conditions and the newly developed pyrometers are used monitor and control the MOCVD process temperature to within 0.5°C run-to-run and within each wafer. This portion of the grant is in collaboration with partners at Sandia National Laboratories. Phase two activities are continuous improvement projects which extend the current reactor platform along the lines of improved operational efficiency, improved systems control for throughput, and carrier modifications for increased yield. Programmatically, improvements made in Phase I are applied to developments of Phase II when applicable. Phase three is the culmination of the individual tasks from both phases one and two applied to proposed production platforms. We selectively combine previously demonstrated tasks and other options to develop a high-volume production-worthy MOCVD system demonstrating >3x throughput, 1.3x capital efficiency, and 0.7x cost of ownership. In a parallel demonstration we validate the concept of an improved, larger deposition system which utilizes the predictive modeling of chemistry-based flow analysis and extensions of the improvements demonstrated on the current platforms. This validation includes the build and testing of a prototype version of the hardware and demonstration of 69% reduction in the cost of ownership. Also, in this phase we present a stand-alone project to develop a high-temperature system which improves source efficiency by 30% while concurrently increasing growth rate by 1.3x. The material quality is held to the same material quality specifications of our existing baseline processes. The merits of other line item tasks in phase three are discussed for inclusion on next-generation platforms.

William Quinn

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

77

Bridgman Growth of Large SrI2:Eu2+ Single Crystals: A High-performance Scintillator for Radiation Detection Applications  

SciTech Connect

Single-crystal strontium iodide (SrI2) doped with relatively high levels (e.g., 3 - 6 %) of Eu2+ exhibits characteristics that make this material superior, in a number of respects, to other scintillators that are currently used for radiation detection. Specifically, SrI2:Eu2+ has a light yield that is significantly higher than LaBr3:Ce3+ -a currently employed commercial high-performance scintillator. Additionally, SrI2:Eu2+ is characterized by an energy resolution as high as 2.6% at the 137Cs gamma-ray energy of 662 keV, and there is no radioactive component in SrI2:Eu2+ - unlike LaBr3:Ce3+ that contains 138La. The Ce3+-doped LaBr3 decay time is, however, faster (30 nsec) than the 1.2 sec decay time of SrI2:Eu2+. Due to the relatively low melting point of strontium iodide (~515 oC), crystal growth can be carried out in quartz crucibles by the vertical Bridgman technique. Materials-processing and crystal-growth techniques that are specific to the Bridgman growth of europium-doped strontium iodide scintillators are described here. These techniques include the use of a porous quartz frit to physically filter the molten salt from a quartz antechamber into the Bridgman growth crucible and the use of a bent or bulb grain selector design to suppress multiple grain growth. Single crystals of SrI2:Eu2+ scintillators with good optical quality and scintillation characteristics have been grown in sizes up to 5.0 cm in diameter by applying these techniques. Other aspects of the SrI2:Eu2+ crystal-growth methods and of the still unresolved crystal-growth issues are described here.

Boatner, Lynn A [ORNL; Ramey, Joanne Oxendine [ORNL; Kolopus, James A [ORNL; Hawrami, Rastgo [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Higgins, William [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Van Loef, Edgar [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Glodo, J. [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Shah, Kanai [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Bhattacharya, P. [Fisk University, Nashville, TN; Tupitsyn, E [Fisk University, Nashville, TN; Groza, Michael [Fisk University, Nashville, TN; Burger, Arnold [Fisk University, Nashville, TN

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Annual Energy Outlook 2000 - Table G1 - Summary of the AEO2000 Cases  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AEO2000 Cases AEO2000 Cases Case name Description Integration mode Reference in text Reference in Appendix G Reference Baseline economic growth, world oil price, and technology assumptions Fully integrated — — Low Economic Growth Gross domestic product grows at an average annual rate of 1.7 percent, compared to the reference case growth of 2.2 percent. Fully integrated p. 49 — High Economic Growth Gross domestic product grows at an average annual rate of 2.6 percent, compared to the reference case growth of 2.2 percent. Fully integrated p. 49 — Low World Oil Price World oil prices are $14.90 per barrel in 2020, compared to $22.04 per barrel in the reference case. Fully integrated p. 50 — High World Oil Price World oil prices are $28.04 per barrel in 2020, compared to $22.04 per barrel in the reference case.

79

Assessment of non-destructive testing of well casing,, cement and cement bond in high temperature wells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Because of the difficulty in bringing geothermal well blowouts under control, any indication of a casing/cement problem should be expeditiously evaluated and solved. There are currently no high temperature cement bond and casing integrity logging systems for geothermal wells with maximum temperatures in excess of 500/sup 0/F. The market is currently insufficient to warrannt the private investment necessary to develop tools and cables capable of withstanding high temperatures. It is concluded that a DOE-funded development program is required to assure that diagnostic tools are available in the interim until geothermal resource development activities are of sufficient magnitude to support developmental work on high temperature casing/cement logging capabilities by industry. This program should be similar to and complement the current DOE program for development of reservoir evaluation logging capabilities for hot wells. The appendices contain annotated bibliographies on the following: high temperature logging in general, cement integrity testing, cosing integrity testing, casing and cement failures, and special and protective treatment techniques. Also included are composite listing of references in alphabetical order by senior author.

Knutson,, C.K.; Boardman, C.R.

80

Institutionalizing Disparities in Education: A Case Study of Segregation in Wayne County, North Carolina High Schools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010: High-poverty public schools. National Center forthe dropout crisis: Which high schools produce the nation’sin North Carolina’s public school classrooms (Working papers

Joyner, Ann Moss; Marsh, Ben

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Business Case Slide 15: High-Volume: Casks - DU/Steel Cermet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DUSteel Cermet Previous Slide Next Slide Table of Contents High-Volume: Casks - DUSteel Cermet Functions Radiation Shielding Gamma: High-Density DUO2Other Neutron Moderation...

82

Creating and Managing a High Performance Knowledge-Sharing Network: The Toyota Case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study offers a detailed case study of how Toyota facilitates interorganizational knowledge transfers among within its production network. In particular, we identiify and examine six key institutionalized knowledge ...

Dyer, Jeffrey

2002-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

83

BWRVIP-265: BWR Vessel and Internals Project, Crack Growth in High Fluence BWR Materials-Phase 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Boiling Water Reactor Vessel and Internals Project (BWRVIP) has developed a methodology to evaluate crack growth rates (CGR) in irradiated stainless steel components in the BWR vessel. This methodology is documented in BWRVIP-99-A: BWR Vessel and Internals Project, Crack Growth Rates in Irradiated Stainless Steels in BWR Internal Components (EPRI report 1016566), and is applicable to neutron doses of 0.7 to 4.2 displacements per atom (dpa) (5x1020 to 3x1021 ...

2012-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

84

High-speed rail commuting in the United States : a case study in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-speed rail (HSR) is primarily for intermediate distance intercity passenger travel. The concept of high-speed rail commuting is to provide short distance commuting transportation service on dedicated HSR, by sharing ...

Kasuya, Shuichi, 1972-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Case Studies of High Wind Events in Barrow, Alaska: Climatological Context and Development Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Beaufort–Chukchi cyclones of October 1963 and August 2000 produced the highest winds ever recorded in Barrow, Alaska. In both cases, winds of 25 m s?1 were observed with gusts unofficially reported at 33 m s?1. The October 1963 storm caused ...

Amanda H. Lynch; Elizabeth N. Cassano; John J. Cassano; Leanne R. Lestak

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

MBE growth of high electron mobility 2DEGs in AlGaN/GaN heterostructures controlled by RHEED  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have grown 2DEG AlGaN/GaN heterostructures by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) with electron mobilities up to 21500 cm{sup 2}V{sup -1}s{sup -1} at 2 K. In-situ RHEED was applied to optimize different aspects of Ga-rich growth. This paper gives a compact overview of the experimental key aspects that significantly affect the low temperature electron mobility in AlGaN/GaN heterostructures. Growth at the transition towards Ga droplet formation produced the best results. A quantitative analysis of the magnetoresistance confirmes scattering at dislocations as the dominant scattering process at low temperature.

Broxtermann, D.; Sivis, M.; Malindretos, J.; Rizzi, A. [IV. physikalisches Institut, Georg-August-Universitaet Goettingen (Germany)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

87

Choosing transportation alternatives for highly perishable goods : a case study on nuclear medicine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transport of highly perishable goods, in particular nuclear medicine, is subject to stringent regulations. Carefully designed transport selection criteria considering available alternatives, product attributes, decay ...

Yang, Xiaowen, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Managing Projects with Strong Technological Rupture - Case of High-Speed Ground Transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ERRAC European Rail Research Advisory Council.ERRI European Rail Research Institute HSGT High-Speed Groundwas involved n both rail and Maglev research aiming at the

de Tilière, Guillaume

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

EPRI Comments on a UK Case-Control Study of Magnetic Fields from High Voltage Power Lines and Childhood Cancer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A paper, entitled "Childhood cancer and magnetic fields from high voltage power lines in England and Wales: a case-control study," was published in the British Journal of Cancer on September 28, 2010. The authors assessed the association between exposure to EMF from power lines at the address of birth and childhood cancer. The current paper provides additional results to a study published earlier from the same data set in 2005. These EPRI comments provide an overview of study findings, conclusions, stren...

2010-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

90

Preconditioning concepts in polymer flooding in high-salinity reservoirs; Laboratory investigations and case histories  

SciTech Connect

In polymer-flood field projects with partially hydrolized polyacrylamide (PH PAA) solutions, the authors applied two methods of preconditioning: a preflush with fresh water and the use of a relatively small slug of a less-salt-sensitive polymer. Results of laboratory work that led to an improved preconditioning concept with polymer are described. Case histories of two projects with two different preconditioning processes are presented and discussed in detail.

Volz, H.; Maltin, B.K. (RWE-DEA AG (DE)); Sohn, W.O.

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Business Case Slide 30: High-Value: Energy Uses - Basis for Use  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Uses - Basis for Use DUO2 battery test cell at U. Kentucky DUO2 battery test cell at U. Kentucky Basis for use Capable of sustaining high temperatures Electronic properties...

92

The Growth of InGaAsN for High Efficiency Solar Cells by Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition  

SciTech Connect

InGaAsN alloys are a promising material for increasing the efficiency of multi-junction solar cells now used for satellite power systems. However, the growth of these dilute N containing alloys has been challenging with further improvements in material quality needed before the solar cell higher efficiencies are realized. Nitrogen/V ratios exceeding 0.981 resulted in lower N incorporation and poor surface morphologies. The growth rate was found to depend on not only the total group III transport for a fixed N/V ratio but also on the N/V ratio. Carbon tetrachloride and dimethylzinc were effective for p-type doping. Disilane was not an effective n-type dopant while SiCl4 did result in n-type material but only a narrow range of electron concentrations (2-5e17cm{sup -3}) were achieved.

ALLERMAN,ANDREW A.; BANKS,JAMES C.; GEE,JAMES M.; JONES,ERIC D.; KURTZ,STEVEN R.

1999-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

93

Elimination of gold diffusion in the heterostructure core/shell growth of high performance Ge/Si nanowire HFETs  

SciTech Connect

Radial heterostructure nanowires offer the possibility of surface, strain, band-edge and modulution-doped engineering for optimizing performance of nanowire transistors. Synthesis of such heterostructures is non-trivial and is typically accompanied with Au diffusion on the nanowire sidewalls that result in rough morphology and undesired whisker growth. Here, they report a novel growth procedure to synthesize Ge/Si core/multi-shell nanowires by engineering the growth interface between the Au seed and the nanowire sidewalls. Single crystal Ge/Si core/multi-shell nanowires are used to fabricate side-by-side FET transistors with and without Au diffusion. Elimination of Au diffusion in the synthesis of such structures led to {approx} 2X improvement in hole field-effect mobility, transconductances and currents. Initial prototype devices with a 10 nm PECVD nitride gate dielectric resulted in a record maximum on current of 430 {micro}A/V (I{sub DS}L{sub G}/{pi}DV{sub DS}), {approx} 2X higher than ever achieved before in a p-type FET.

Picraux, Samuel T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dayeh, Shadi A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Energy Conservation Experiences with HVAC Systems in the High Humidity Climate, A Case History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to discuss several commonly encountered problems associated with attempts to air condition buildings in the humid environment. It, first, reports observations made in the course of studying the air conditioning systems in approximately one hundred buildings at USMC Camp Smedley D. Butler in Okinawa, Japan. Three common problems are then discussed in some detail. It was found that in many cases humidity considerations lead to situations which were energy wasteful. In many instances this could be attributed to either design or operational errors. The most common error found was the selection of an improper method of capacity control. Methods of improved capacity control are suggested and the need for additional work is pointed out.

Todd, T. R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Spearing High Net Wealth Individuals: The Case of Online Fraud and Mature Age Internet Users  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Every day dangerous criminals are targeting high net wealth members of our community as they venture onto the internet. Statements from twenty-nine community organizations and mature age internet users were analyzed using structured coding techniques ... Keywords: Criminal, Fraud, Internet, Mature, Phishing, Spear

Nigel Martin, John Rice

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Impact of High-Penetration PV on Distribution System Performance: Example Cases and Analysis Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High penetration of distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation in the electric grid is beginning to challenge distribution planners and engineers. This technical update discusses the factors that can have a significant impact on a distribution feeder's response to PV generation. The report considers both the circuit and the photovoltaic generation characteristics. The circuit types and characteristics span the expected range of power delivery and control elements. Photovoltaic characteristics include syste...

2011-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

97

Thermal Storage for Energy Efficient Structures (Poteet High School Case Study)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Poteet High School, in Mesquite, Texas, is a facility that demonstrates state-of-the-art environmental control through the application of energy conserving technologies relative to architecture, HVAC and lighting. It is also recognized as an "Intelligent Building" by virtue of the fact that it automatically adjusts to, and supports the needs of, its occupants without help from facility operating personnel. This paper provides information relative to the system components groupings of envelope, electrical system and equipment and mechanical systems and equipment. Each of the systems operating cycles are described and the major benefits of this design concept are summarized.

Utesch, A. L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Final Report for High Latitude Climate Modeling: ARM Takes Us Beyond Case Studies  

SciTech Connect

The main thrust of this project was to devise a method by which the majority of North Slope of Alaska (NSA) meteorological and radiometric data, collected on a daily basis, could be used to evaluate and improve global climate model (GCM) simulations and their parameterizations, particularly for cloud microphysics. Although the standard ARM Program sensors for a less complete suite of instruments for cloud and aerosol studies than the instruments on an intensive field program such as the 2008 Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC), the advantage they offer lies in the long time base and large volume of data that covers a wide range of meteorological and climatological conditions. The challenge has been devising a method to interpret the NSA data in a practical way, so that a wide variety of meteorological conditions in all seasons can be examined with climate models. If successful, climate modelers would have a robust alternative to the usual “case study” approach (i.e., from intensive field programs only) for testing and evaluating their parameterizations’ performance. Understanding climate change on regional scales requires a broad scientific consideration of anthropogenic influences that goes beyond greenhouse gas emissions to also include aerosol-induced changes in cloud properties. For instance, it is now clear that on small scales, human-induced aerosol plumes can exert microclimatic radiative and hydrologic forcing that rivals that of greenhouse gas–forced warming. This project has made significant scientific progress by investigating what causes successive versions of climate models continue to exhibit errors in cloud amount, cloud microphysical and radiative properties, precipitation, and radiation balance, as compared with observations and, in particular, in Arctic regions. To find out what is going wrong, we have tested the models' cloud representation over the full range of meteorological conditions found in the Arctic using the ARM North Slope of Alaska (NSA) data.

Russell, Lynn M [Scripps/UCSD; Lubin, Dan [Scripps/UCSD

2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

99

Calibrating a Coupled SVAT–Vegetation Growth Model with Remotely Sensed Reflectance and Surface Temperature—A Case Study for the HAPEX-Sahel Grassland Sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Models simulating the seasonal growth of vegetation have been recently coupled to soil–vegetation–atmosphere transfer schemes (SVATS). Such coupled vegetation–SVATS models (V–S) account for changes of the vegetation leaf area index (LAI) over ...

P. Cayrol; L. Kergoat; S. Moulin; G. Dedieu; A. Chehbouni

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Analytic calculations of the spectra of ultra high energy cosmic ray nuclei. II. The general case of background radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the problem of ultra high energy nuclei propagation in extragalactic background radiations. The present paper is the continuation of the accompanying paper I where we have presented three new analytic methods to calculate the fluxes and spectra of Ultra High Energy Cosmic Ray (UHECR) nuclei, both primary and secondary, and secondary protons. The computation scheme in this paper is based on the analytic solution of coupled kinetic equations, which takes into account the continuous energy losses due to the expansion of the universe and pair-production, together with photo-disintegration of the nuclei. This method includes in the most natural way the production of secondary nuclei in the process of photo-disintegration of the primary nuclei during their propagation through extragalactic background radiations. In paper I, in order to present the suggested analytical schemes of calculations, we have considered only the case of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) radiation, in the present paper we gene...

Aloisio, R; Grigorieva, S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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101

Spark Ignited Turbulent Flame Kernel Growth  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An experimental study of the effects of spark power and of incomplete fuel-air mixing on spark-ignited flame kernel growth was conducted in turbulent propane-air mixtures at 1 atm, 300K conditions. The results showed that increased spark power resulted in an increased growth rate, where the effect of short duration breakdown sparks was found to persist for times of the order of milliseconds. The effectiveness of increased spark power was found to be less at high turbulence and high dilution conditions. Increased spark power had a greater effect on the 0-5 mm burn time than on the 5-13 mm burn time, in part because of the effect of breakdown energy on the initial size of the flame kernel. And finally, when spark power was increased by shortening the spark duration while keeping the effective energy the same there was a significant increase in the misfire rate, however when the spark power was further increased by increasing the breakdown energy the misfire rate dropped to zero. The results also showed that fluctuations in local mixture strength due to incomplete fuel-air mixing cause the flame kernel surface to become wrinkled and distorted; and that the amount of wrinkling increases as the degree of incomplete fuel-air mixing increases. Incomplete fuel-air mixing was also found to result in a significant increase in cyclic variations in the flame kernel growth. The average flame kernel growth rates for the premixed and the incompletely mixed cases were found to be within the experimental uncertainty except for the 33%-RMS-fluctuation case where the growth rate was significantly lower. The premixed and 6%-RMS-fluctuation cases had a 0% misfire rate. The misfire rates were 1% and 2% for the 13%-RMS-fluctuation and 24%-RMS-fluctuation cases, respectively; however, it drastically increased to 23% in the 33%-RMS-fluctuation case.

Santavicca, D.A.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Crystal Growth and Wafer Processing for High Yield and High Efficiency Solar Cells: Final Report, 1 October 2003 - 15 January 2008  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hardness, elastic modulus, and fracture toughness of low and high carrier-lietime regions in polycrystalline silicon were evaluated using the nanoindentation technique.

Rozgonyi, G. A.; Youssef, K.

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Growth diagram of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films using pulsed laser deposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An experimental study was conducted on controlling the growth mode of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films on SrTiO3 substrates using pulsed laser deposition by tuning growth temperature, pressure and laser fluence. Different thin film morphology, crystallinity and stoichiometry have been observed depending on growth parameters. To understand the microscopic origin, the adatom nucleation, step advance processes and their relationship to film growth were theoretically analyzed and a growth diagram was constructed. Three boundaries between highly and poorly crystallized growth, layer-by-layer and 3D growth, stoichiometric and non-stoichiometric growth were identified in the growth diagram. A good fit of our experimental observation with the growth diagram was found. This case study demonstrates that a more comprehensive understanding and the predicting of the growth mode in PLD is possible.

Guo, Hangwen [ORNL; Sun, Da-Li [ORNL; Wang, Wenbin [ORNL; Gai, Zheng [ORNL; Kravchenko, Ivan I [ORNL; Shao, Jian [Fudan University, China; Jiang, Lu [ORNL; Ward, Thomas Z [ORNL; Snijders, Paul C [ORNL; Yin, Lifeng [ORNL; Shen, Jian [Fudan University, China; Xu, Xiaoshan [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Molecular beam epitaxial growth of metamorphic AlInSb/GaInSb high-electron-mobility-transistor structures on GaAs substrates for low power and high frequency applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on molecular beam epitaxial growth of AlInSb/GaInSb metamorphic high-electron-mobility-transistor structures for low power, high frequency applications on 4 in. GaAs substrates. The structures consist of a Ga{sub 0.4}In{sub 0.6}Sb channel embedded in Al{sub 0.4}In{sub 0.6}Sb barrier layers which are grown on top of an insulating metamorphic buffer, which is based on the linear exchange of Ga versus In and a subsequent exchange of As versus Sb. Precise control of group V fluxes and substrate temperature in the Al{sub 0.4}In{sub 0.6}As{sub 1-x}Sb{sub x} buffer is essential to achieve high quality device structures. Good morphological properties were achieved demonstrated by the appearance of crosshatching and root mean square roughness values of 2.0 nm. Buffer isolation is found to be >100 k{Omega}/{open_square} for optimized growth conditions. Hall measurements at room temperature reveal electron densities of 2.8x10{sup 12} cm{sup -2} in the channel at mobility values of 21.000 cm{sup 2}/V s for single-sided Te volume doping and 5.4x10{sup 12} cm{sup -2} and 17.000 cm{sup 2}/V s for double-sided Te {delta}-doping, respectively.

Loesch, R.; Aidam, R.; Kirste, L.; Leuther, A. [Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Solid-State Physics (IAF), Tullastrasse 72, 79108 Freiburg (Germany)

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

The Evaluation of Idaho Wildfire Growth Using the Haines Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An atmospheric index specifically designed to be related to the growth of wildland fires is evaluated for two recent Idaho fires. The index includes terms related to high midlevel lapse rates and low-level dry air. In the cases examined, the ...

Paul Werth; Richard Ochoa

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Crystal Growth And Characterization of the Model High-Temperature Superconductor HgBa{sub 2}CuO{sub 4+{delta}}  

SciTech Connect

Since the discovery of high-transition-temperature (T{sub c}) superconductivity in La{sub 2-x}Ba{sub x}CuO{sub 4} in 1986, the study of the lamellar copper oxides has remained at the forefront of condensed matter physics. Apart from their unusually high values of T{sub c}, these materials also exhibit a variety of complex phenomena and phases. This rich behavior is a consequence of the lamellar crystal structures, formed of copper-oxygen sheets separated by charge reservoir layers, and of the strong electron-electron correlations in the copper-oxygen sheets. After two decades of intensive research, which has stimulated many valuable new insights into correlated electron systems in general, there remains a lack of consensus regarding the correct theory for high-T{sub c} superconductivity. The ultimate technological goal of room-temperature superconductivity might only be attained after the development of a deeper understanding of the mercury-based compounds HgBa{sub 2}Ca{sub n-1}Cu{sub n}OI{sub 2n+2+{delta}}, which currently exhibit the highest T{sub c}values. One very important issue in this regard is the role of electronic versus chemical and structural inhomogeneities in these materials, and the associated need to separate material-specific properties from those that are essential to superconductivity. Unfortunately, there has been remarkably little scientific work on the mercury-based compounds because sizable crystals have not been available; quantitative measurements of any kind would be invaluable benchmarks for testing the theories of high-T{sub c} superconductivity. The compounds HgBa{sub 2}Ca{sub n-1}Cu{sub n}OI{sub 2n+2+{delta}} can be viewed as model systems not only because of their record high-T{sub c} values, but also because of their high-symmetry crystal structures. Of particular interest is the simplest member of this materials family, HgBa{sub 2}CuO{sub 4+{delta}} (Hg1201), which possesses only one copper-oxygen sheet per unit cell (n = 1), as shown schematically in Figure 1a. The largest crystals obtained by previous growth methods do not exceed 1 mm{sup 3}, and hence are insufficient in size for detailed studies by many experimental techniques. Here we report a novel recipe for the growth of Hg1201 crystals as well as detailed sample characterization results, including initial inelastic magnetic neutron scattering data. We note that samples grown by the method described here have already enabled recent optical conductivity, inelastic X-ray scattering, and angle-resolved photoemission studies.

Zhao, Xudong; Yu, Guichuan; Cho, Yong-Chan; Chabot-Couture, Guillaume; Barisic, Neven; Bourges, Philippe; Kaneko, Nobuhisa; Li, Yuan; Lu, Li; Motoyama, Eugene M.; Vajk, Owen P.; Greven, Martin; /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept. /SLAC, SSRL /Jilin U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Saclay /NIST, Wash., D.C.

2007-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

107

Surface-Induced Orientation Control of CuPc Molecules for the Epitaxial Growth of Highly Ordered Organic Crystals on Graphene  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The epitaxial growth and preferred molecular orientation of copper phthalocyanine (CuPc) molecules on graphene has been systematically investigated and compared with growth on Si substrates, demonstrating the role of surface-mediated interactions in determining molecular orientation. X-ray scattering and diffraction, scanning tunneling microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and first-principles theoretical calculations were used to show that the nucleation, orientation and packing of CuPc molecules on films of graphene are fundamentally different compared to those grown on Si substrates. Interfacial dipole interactions induced by charge transfer between CuPc molecules and graphene are shown to epitaxially align the CuPc mole-cules in a face-on orientation in a series of ordered superstructures. At high temperatures, CuPc molecules lie flat with respect to the graphene substrate to form strip-like CuPc crystals with micron sizes containing monocrystalline grains. Such large epitaxial crystals may potentially enable bulk-like properties to improve the device properties in organic electronics, which charge transport, exciton diffusion and dissociation are currently limited by grain size effects and molecular orientation.

Xiao, Kai [ORNL; Deng, Wan [ORNL; Keum, Jong Kahk [ORNL; Yoon, Mina [ORNL; Vlassiouk, Ivan V [ORNL; Clark, Kendal W [ORNL; Li, An-Ping [ORNL; Kravchenko, Ivan I [ORNL; Gu, Gong [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Payzant, E Andrew [ORNL; Sumpter, Bobby [ORNL; Smith, Sean C [ORNL; Browning, Jim [ORNL; Geohegan, David B [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Micromechanisms of monotonic and cyclic subcritical crack growth in advanced high-melting-point low-ductility intermetallics. Annual report No. 1, 15 Apr 90-14 Apr 91  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The next generation of high-performance jet engines will require markedly stiffer materials, operating at higher stress levels and capable of withstanding temperatures of up to 1650 C. Prime candidates for such applications include ordered intermetallics, ceramics and composites based on metal, intermetallic and ceramic or carbon matrices, all of which are currently of limited use due to their low ductility and fracture properties. Moreover, there is a lack of fundamental understanding on the micromechanisms influencing crack growth in these materials, particularly intermetallics. Accordingly, the present study is aimed at exploring the potential of intermetallic alloys and their composites as advanced structural materials by identifying the critical factors influencing the crack-propagation resistance under monotonic and cyclic loads. Attention is focused on the Nb{sub 3}Al and TiAl intermetallic systems. In both cases, the principal mechanism of toughening is to impede crack advance from crack bridging by ductile second phase particles. Reactive sintering and vacuum hot pressing techniques are successful is processing Nb{sub 3}Al intermetallics and duplex Nb/Nb{sub 3}Al microstructure with a stringy niobium phase can be achieved through thermal treatments. Characterization of mechanical properties will commence in the second year.

Rao, K.T.; Murugesh, L.; DeJonghe, L.C.

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

High-Grade Glioma Relationship to the Neural Stem Cell Compartment: A Retrospective Review of 104 Cases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To assess the incidence of involvement of the neural stem cell (NSC) compartment by high-grade astrocytomas in a series of adult patients. Methods and Materials: One hundred four initial diagnostic cranial magnetic resonance imaging series were reviewed. For each series, the gross tumor volume (GTV; enhancing tumor on T{sub 1}), edema (hyperintensity on T{sub 2} FLAIR), and the NSC compartment (hippocampal formation and lateral ventricle plus a 5-mm expansion) were identified. Involvement of NSC by GTV and edema was assessed. For tumors not involving NSC, we measured distances from NSC to GTV and edema. Maximum diameters of GTV were measured for each case. Subset analysis was performed for GTV of {<=}2 cm and {<=}3 cm in maximum diameter to assess the incidence of involvement of NSC by this group of smaller tumors. For 10 representative tumors, minimum distances from GTV center to NSC were calculated. Results: A total of 103/104 (99.0%) tumors, regardless of GTV maximum diameter, demonstrated involvement of NSC. A total of 101/104 (97.1%) tumors had NSC involvement by GTV, and 2/104 (1.9%) patients showed edema only. For GTV not involving NSC, the mean distance from NSC to GTV was 0.8 cm (range, 0.5--1.4 cm). The mean shortest distance from the center of GTV to NSC was 1.5 cm (range, 0.9--2.6 cm). Involvement of NSC by GTV was 90.9% (10/11 tumors) for GTV of {<=}2 cm and 95.7% (22/23 tumors) for GTV of {<=}3 cm. Conclusions: Our results support the hypothesis that the NSC compartment represents the putative site of origin for these tumors. NSC involvement does not appear to represent a volumetric phenomenon.

Marsh, James C., E-mail: james_c_marsh@rush.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Wendt, Julie A. [Silver Cross Hospital, Joliet, Illinois (United States); Herskovic, Arnold M.; Diaz, Aidnag; Gielda, Benjamin T. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Byrne, Richard W. [Department of Neurosurgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois (United States)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Cleaning the Buildings of High Tech Companies in Silicon Valley: The Case of Mexican Janitors in Sonix  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Buildings of High Tech Companies in Silicon Valley: Thethe Buildings of High-Tech Companies in Silicon Valley: Theof the numerous high-tech companies that are concentrated in

Zlolniski, Christián

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

A High-Resolution Modeling Study of the 24 May 2002 Dryline Case during IHOP. Part I: Numerical Simulation and General Evolution of the Dryline and Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results from a high-resolution numerical simulation of the 24 May 2002 dryline convective initiation (CI) case are presented. The simulation uses a 400 km × 700 km domain with a 1-km horizontal resolution grid nested inside a 3-km domain and ...

Ming Xue; William J. Martin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

IT enabled redesign of export procedure for high-value pharmaceutical product under temperature control: the case of drug living lab  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we analyze and redesign the export procedure for shipping a high-value pharmaceutical product in a strict temperature-controlled logistics environment (cold chain) from Ireland to the US using the e3-control methodology. The ... Keywords: G2B, business process redesign, case study, export procedure, redesign methodology

Jianwei Liu; Allen Higgins; Yao-Hua Tan

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High Penetration Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

prices and incentives to invest in thermal power plants under increasing wind energyand amount of energy sold at low prices for wind at 40%power prices: The case of wind electricity in spain. Energy

Mills, Andrew

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High Penetration Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

case of wind electricity in spain. Energy Policy, 36:3345–wind power in a carbon constrained world. Energy Policy, 34:wind power generation capacity in liberalized electricity markets. Energy Policy,

Mills, Andrew

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

NP Case Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(BES) Biological and Environmental Science (BER) Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) High Energy Physics (HEP) Nuclear Physics (NP) Agenda Hotel Case Studies Case Study Worksheets...

116

Lighting Business Case -- A Report Analyzing Lighting Technology Opportunities with High Return on Investment Energy Savings for the Federal Sector  

SciTech Connect

This document analyzes lighting technology opportunities with high return on investment energy savings for the Federal sector.

Jones, Carol C.; Richman, Eric E.

2005-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

117

Modeling tumor growth and irradiation response in vitro-a combination of high-performance computing and Web-based technologies including VRML visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simplified three-dimensional Monte Carlo simulation model of in vitro tumor growth and response to fractionated radiotherapeutic schemes is presented in this paper. The paper aims at both the optimization of radiotherapy and the provision of insight ...

G. S. Starnatakos; E. I. Zacharaki; M. Makropoulou; N. A. Mouravliansky; A. Marsh; K. S. Nikita; N. K. Uzunoglu

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Molecular beam epitaxy growth of high quality p-doped SnS van der Waals epitaxy on a graphene buffer layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on the systematic investigation of optoelectronic properties of tin (IV) sulfide (SnS) van der Waals epitaxies (vdWEs) grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) technique. Energy band simulation using commercial CASTEP code indicates that SnS has an indirect bandgap of size 0.982 eV. Furthermore, our simulation shows that elemental Cu can be used as a p-type dopant for the material. Growth of high quality SnS thin films is accomplished by MBE technique using graphene as the buffer layer. We observed significant reduction in the rocking curve FWHM over the existing published values. Crystallite size in the range of 2-3 {mu}m is observed which is also significantly better than the existing results. Measurement of the absorption coefficient, {alpha}, is performed using a Hitachi U-4100 Spectrophotometer system which demonstrate large values of {alpha} of the order of 10{sup 4} cm{sup -1}. Sharp cutoff in the values of {alpha}, as a function of energy, is observed for the films grown using a graphene buffer layer indicating low concentration of localized states in the bandgap. Cu-doping is achieved by co-evaporation technique. It is demonstrated that the hole concentration of the films can be controlled between 10{sup 16} cm{sup -3} and 5 x 10{sup 17}cm{sup -3} by varying the temperature of the Cu K-cell. Hole mobility as high as 81 cm{sup 2}V{sup -1}s{sup -1} is observed for SnS films on graphene/GaAs(100) substrates. The improvements in the physical properties of the films are attributed to the unique layered structure and chemically saturated bonds at the surface for both SnS and the graphene buffer layer. Consequently, the interaction between the SnS thin films and the graphene buffer layer is dominated by van der Waals force and structural defects at the interface, such as dangling bonds or dislocations, are substantially reduced.

Wang, W.; Leung, K. K.; Fong, W. K.; Wang, S. F.; Surya, C. [Department of Electronic and Information Engineering and Photonics Research Centre, Hong Kong Polytechnic University (Hong Kong); Hui, Y. Y.; Lau, S. P. [Department of Applied Physics, Hong Kong Polytechnic University (Hong Kong); Chen, Z.; Shi, L. J.; Cao, C. B. [Research Center of Materials Science, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High Penetration Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

flat block of power, generation from natural gas fired CCGTsnatural gas plants. Even at high penetration adding power from a flat block does not displace any generation

Mills, Andrew

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

IN-SITU ASSAY OF TRANSURANIC RADIONUCLIDES IN THE VADOSE ZONE USING HIGH-RESOLUTION SPECTRAL GAMMA LOGGING - A HANFORD CASE STUDY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-resolution spectral gamma logging in steel-cased boreholes is used to detect and quantify transuranic radionuclides in the subsurface. Pu-239, Pu-241, Am-241, and Np-237 are identified based on characteristic decay gammas. Typical minimum detectable levels are on the order of 20 to 40 nCi/g. In intervals of high transuranic concentrations, gamma rays from other sources may complicate analysis and interpretation. Gamma rays detected in the borehole may originate from three sources: decay of the parent transuranic radionuclide or a daughter; alpha interactions; and interactions with neutrons resulting from either spontaneous fission or alpha particle interactions.

ROHAY VJ; HENWOOD P; MCCAIN R

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Updating of ASME Nuclear Code Case N-201 to Accommodate the Needs of Metallic Core Support Structures for High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactors Currently in Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On September 29, 2005, ASME Standards Technology, LLC (ASME ST-LLC) executed a multi-year, cooperative agreement with the United States DOE for the Generation IV Reactor Materials project. The project's objective is to update and expand appropriate materials, construction, and design codes for application in future Generation IV nuclear reactor systems that operate at elevated temperatures. Task 4 was embarked upon in recognition of the large quantity of ongoing reactor designs utilizing high temperature technology. Since Code Case N-201 had not seen a significant revision (except for a minor revision in September, 2006 to change the SA-336 forging reference for 304SS and 316SS to SA-965 in Tables 1.2(a) and 1.2(b), and some minor editorial changes) since December 1994, identifying recommended updates to support the current high temperature Core Support Structure (CSS) designs and potential new designs was important. As anticipated, the Task 4 effort identified a number of Code Case N-201 issues. Items requiring further consideration range from addressing apparent inconsistencies in definitions and certain material properties between CC-N-201 and Subsection NH, to inclusion of additional materials to provide the designer more flexibility of design. Task 4 developed a design parameter survey that requested input from the CSS designers of ongoing high temperature gas cooled reactor metallic core support designs. The responses to the survey provided Task 4 valuable input to identify the design operating parameters and future needs of the CSS designers. Types of materials, metal temperature, time of exposure, design pressure, design life, and fluence levels were included in the Task 4 survey responses. The results of the survey are included in this report. This research proves that additional work must be done to update Code Case N-201. Task 4 activities provide the framework for the Code Case N-201 update and future work to provide input on materials. Candidate materials such as Type 321 and Type 347 austenitic stainless steels, Modified 9Cr-1Mo steel for core support structure construction, and Alloy 718 for Threaded Structural Fasteners were among the recommended materials for inclusion in the Code Case. This Task 4 Report identifies the need to address design life beyond 3 x 105 hours, especially in consideration of 60-year design life. A proposed update to the latest Code Case N-201 revision (i.e., Code Case N-201-5) including the items resolved in this report is included as Appendix A.

Mit Basol; John F. Kielb; John F. MuHooly; Kobus Smit

2007-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

122

The 27–28 October 1986 FIRE IFO Cirrus Case Study: Cloud Optical Properties Determined by High Spectral Resolution Lidar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the FIRE cirrus IFO, the High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL) was operated from a roof top site on the University of Wisconsin–Madison campus. Because the HSRL technique separately measures the molecular and cloud particle backscatter ...

C. J. Grund; E. W. Eloranta

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

The Case of Sharp Velocity Transitions in High Vertical Wind Shear When Measuring Doppler Velocities with Narrow Nyquist Intervals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An investigation was launched following unexpected observations of step-function transitions in Doppler velocities from scanning radars in regions of high vertical wind shear. It revealed that, if wind velocity transitions are sufficiently sharp ...

Frédéric Fabry; Clotilde Augros; Aldo Bellon

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Spark ignited turbulent flame kernel growth. Annual report, January--December, 1992  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Cyclic combustion variations in spark-ignition engines limit the use of dilute charge strategies for achieving low NO{sub x} emissions and improved fuel economy. Results from an experimental study of the effect of incomplete fuel-air mixing (ifam) on spark-ignited flame kernel growth in turbulent propane-air mixtures are presented. The experiments were conducted in a turbulent flow system that allows for independent variation of flow parameters, ignition system parameters, and the degree of fuel-air mixing. Measurements were made at 1 atm and 300 K conditions. Five cases were studied; a premixed and four incompletely mixed cases with 6%, 13%, 24% and 33% RMS (root-mean-square) fluctuations in the fuel/air equivalence ratio. High speed laser shadowgraphy at 4,000 frames-per-second was used to record flame kernel growth following spark ignition, from which the equivalent flame kernel radius as a function of time was determined. The effect of ifam was evaluated in terms of the flame kernel growth rate, cyclic variations in the flame kernel growth, and the rate of misfire. The results show that fluctuations in local mixture strength due to ifam cause the flame kernel surface to become wrinkled and distorted; and that the amount of wrinkling increases as the degree of ifam. Ifam was also found to result in a significant increase in cyclic variations in the flame kernel growth. The average flame kernel growth rates for the premixed and the incompletely mixed cases were found to be within the experimental uncertainty except for the 33%-RMS-fluctuation case where the growth rate is significantly lower. The premixed and 6%-RMS-fluctuation cases had a 0% misfire rate. The misfire rates were 1% and 2% for the 13%-RMS-fluctuation and 24%-RMS-fluctuation cases, respectively; however, it drastically increased to 23% in the 33%-RMS-fluctuation case.

Santavicca, D.A.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

high  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Summary Our short-term outlook for a wide array of energy prices has been adjusted upward as international and domestic energy supply conditions have tightened. We think that crude oil prices are as likely as not to end the year $2 to $3 per barrel higher than our previous projections. Thus, we think that the probability of West Texas Intermediate costing an average of $30 per barrel or more at midwinter is about 50 percent. On their current track, heating oil prices are likely to be about 30 percent above year-ago levels in the fourth quarter. Prices for Q1 2001 seem more likely now to match or exceed the high level seen in Q1 2000. Tight oil markets this year and an inherent propensity for high gas utilization in incremental power supply have resulted in rising North American natural gas

126

EXTREMELY RAPID STAR CLUSTER DISRUPTION IN HIGH-SHEAR CIRCUMNUCLEAR STARBURST RINGS: THE UNUSUAL CASE OF NGC 7742  

SciTech Connect

All known mass distributions of recently formed star cluster populations resemble a 'universal' power-law function. Here we assess the impact of the extremely disruptive environment in NGC 7742's circumnuclear starburst ring on the early evolution of the galaxy's high-mass ({approx}10{sup 5}-10{sup 7} M{sub Sun }) star cluster population. Surprisingly, and contrary to expectations, at all ages-including the youngest, {approx}< 15 Myr-the cluster mass functions are robustly and verifiably represented by lognormal distributions that resemble those commonly found only for old, evolved globular cluster systems in the local universe. This suggests that the high-shear conditions in the NGC 7742 starburst ring may significantly speed up dynamical star cluster destruction. This enhanced mass-dependent disruption rate at very young ages might be caused by a combination of the starburst ring's high density and the shear caused by the counterrotating gas disk.

De Grijs, Richard; Anders, Peter, E-mail: grijs@pku.edu.cn, E-mail: anders@pku.edu.cn [Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, Yi He Yuan Lu 5, Hai Dian District, Beijing 100871 (China)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

127

Benchmarking Utility Best Business Practices and Processes for Managing High Penetration PV: Case Studies and Lessons Learned  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distributed photovoltaic (PV) power systems are deploying into electric system distribution at increasing rates. The resulting rise in penetration of variable PV generation is, in turn, posing escalating utility grid management challenges, some more pronounced than others in specific pockets of the United States. Grid hosting studies and modeling efforts have helped to build foundational knowledge about the impacts of high penetration PV (HPPV). But, to date, there has been a relative dearth of ...

2013-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

128

high  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Highlights International Oil Markets Prices. We have raised our world oil price projection by about $2 per barrel for this month because of assumed greater compliance by OPEC to targeted cuts, especially for the second quarter of 2000 (Figure 1). The expected decline in world petroleum inventories continues (Figure 2), and, given the generally stiff resolve of OPEC members to maintain production cuts, any sign of a turnaround in stocks may be postponed until later this year than previously assumed (Q3 instead of Q2). Our current estimate for the average import cost this past January is now $25 per barrel, a nearly $15-per-barrel increase from January 1999. Crude oil prices are expected to remain at relatively high levels for the first half of 2000, but

129

Molar Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molar Growth Molar Growth Name: Daniel Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What animals have molars that grow continuously ? Replies: No mammals that I or my colleagues are aware of, only some few whose incisors grow continuously. J. Elliott Most vertebrates are "polyphyodonts" meaning that they replace teeth continuously through out their lives. All the teeth aren't replaced at once, but in waves so that the animals always have functional teeth around those that are lost. Most mammals are "diphyodonts", which means that they have only 2 sets of teeth: baby teeth and adult teeth. The teeth of herbivore mammals, those which eat grasses, seem to grow throughout their lives. But really, the teeth are very long and extend far down into the jaws. They gradually move up in the jaw toward the surface over time, with the area beneath them filling in with bone.

130

Behaviour and Perceptions of the Interlibrary Loan and Document Delivery Service Users High Energy Physicists at CERN- a Case Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CERN, the European Laboratory for Particle Physics, situated in Geneva, Switzerland, has a rare user population, which consists of more than 10,000 high energy physicists coming from other institutes scattered in Europe and the rest of the world. They come to CERN to share accelerators and research infrastructures and services. Therefore, the library and particularly the ILL-DD Service have a substantial number of potential users. As it is a research library, with many varied subject interests, and experiences the 'normal' budget restrictions, the CERN Library collection cannot accommodate all the documents in all of subjects potentially required. Therefore, the ILL-DD Service is performing an important task. During a one month period this year, we distributed a User Survey. Primarily this was to gauge the level of user satisfaction and to discover if the service was performing competently. Using these results along with statistics collected about the users requests, drawing on experience, and consulting publ...

Eastwood, E J

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Growth regulation by macrophages  

SciTech Connect

The evidence reviewed here indicates that macrophages, either acting alone or in concert with other cells, influence the proliferation of multiple types of cells. Most of the data indicate that these effects are mediated by soluble macrophage-elaborated products (probably proteins) although the role of direct cell-to-cell contacts cannot be ruled out in all cases. A degree of success has been achieved on the biochemical characterization of these factors, due mainly to their low specific activity in conditioned medium and the lack of rapid, specific assays. Understanding the growth-regulating potential of macrophages is an important and needed area of research.

Wharton, W.; Walker, E.; Stewart, C.C.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

High-Dielectric Constant, High-Temperature Ceramic Capacitors for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Growth of Thick, On-Axis SiC Epitaxial Layers by High Temperature Halide CVD for High Voltage Power Devices · High-Dielectric Constant, High-Temperature ...

133

Eyeball Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Eyeball Growth Eyeball Growth Name: Jade Hawk Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Okay, I know I'm supposed to be able to answer questions here, but a friend who teaches grades 7 & 8 general science wants to know if the human eyeball is fully grown at birth. I checked my references, which are rather limited when it comes to human physiology, and found nothing. Can anyone help? Replies: The eye will still develop in size, pigmentation, and neurologically but I don't have the details here at hand. A kitten is born with eyes even more immature than human babies. Besides having sealed eyes that take about a week to open, they have retinas that a avascularized and need to undergo neovascularization to properly nourish and oxygenate the tissue. We have used the kitten to study retinopathy of prematurity, a condition caused in part by increased inspired oxygen. The kitten is also used in the study of diabetic retinopathy which a I think is the leading cause of blindness in the US. Look up publications by Dale Phelps, MD.

134

Multi-wavelength analysis of high energy electrons in solar flares: a case study of August 20, 2002 flare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A multi-wavelength spatial and temporal analysis of solar high energy electrons is conducted using the August 20, 2002 flare of an unusually flat (gamma=1.8) hard X-ray spectrum. The flare is studied using RHESSI, Halpha, radio, TRACE, and MDI observations with advanced methods and techniques never previously applied in the solar flare context. A new method to account for X-ray Compton backscattering in the photosphere (photospheric albedo) has been used to deduce the primary X-ray flare spectra. The mean electron flux distribution has been analysed using both forward fitting and model independent inversion methods of spectral analysis. We show that the contribution of the photospheric albedo to the photon spectrum modifies the calculated mean electron flux distribution, mainly at energies below 100 keV. The positions of the Halpha emission and hard X-ray sources with respect to the current-free extrapolation of the MDI photospheric magnetic field and the characteristics of the radio emission provide evidence of the closed geometry of the magnetic field structure and the flare process in low altitude magnetic loops. In agreement with the predictions of some solar flare models, the hard X-ray sources are located on the external edges of the Halpha emission and show chromospheric plasma heated by the non-thermal electrons. The fast changes of Halpha intensities are located not only inside the hard X-ray sources, as expected if they are the signatures of the chromospheric response to the electron bombardment, but also away from them.

J. Kasparova; M. Karlicky; E. P. Kontar; R. A. Schwartz; B. R. Dennis

2005-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

135

Method and apparatus for aluminum nitride monocrystal boule growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A crystal growth setup within a physical vapor transport growth furnace system for producing AlN monocrystal boules at high temperatures includes a crucible effective to contain an AlN source material and a growing AlN crystal boule. This crucible has a thin wall thickness in at least that portion housing the growing AlN crystal boule. Other components include a susceptor, in case of an inductive heating, or a heater, in case of a resistive heating, a thermal insulation enclosing the susceptor or heater effective to provide a thermal gradient inside the crucible in the range of 5-100.degree. C./cm and a furnace chamber capable of being operated from a vacuum (<0.1 torr) to a gas pressure of at least 4000 torr through filling or flowing a nitrogen gas or a mixture of nitrogen gas and argon gas. The high temperatures contribute to a high boule growth rate and the thin wall thickness contributes to reduced imparted stress during boule removal.

Wang, Shaoping (Brookfield, CT)

2009-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

136

Creep Crack Growth Behaviour of Alloy 718  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

its creep crack growth is controlled by stress intensity factor regardless of load level .... energy. Since vacancies diffuse from a low strain energy position to a high ...

137

Technology Development, Growth, and Deployment | Department of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and prosperous U.S. economy. To accelerate high-growth entrepreneurship and job-creation by moving energy efficient and renewable energy technologies from university...

138

Figure 65. Cumulative growth in value of shipments from energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cumulative growth in value of shipments from energy-intensive industries in three cases, 2011-2040 ... Iron and steel Bulk Chemicals Glass Paper products Food products

139

Metal versus rare-gas ion irradiation during Ti{sub 1-x}Al{sub x}N film growth by hybrid high power pulsed magnetron/dc magnetron co-sputtering using synchronized pulsed substrate bias  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Metastable NaCl-structure Ti{sub 1-x}Al{sub x}N is employed as a model system to probe the effects of metal versus rare-gas ion irradiation during film growth using reactive high-power pulsed magnetron sputtering (HIPIMS) of Al and dc magnetron sputtering of Ti. The alloy film composition is chosen to be x = 0.61, near the kinetic solubility limit at the growth temperature of 500 Degree-Sign C. Three sets of experiments are carried out: a -60 V substrate bias is applied either continuously, in synchronous with the full HIPIMS pulse, or in synchronous only with the metal-rich-plasma portion of the HIPIMS pulse. Alloy films grown under continuous dc bias exhibit a thickness-invariant small-grain, two-phase nanostructure (wurtzite AlN and cubic Ti{sub 1-x}Al{sub x}N) with random orientation, due primarily to intense Ar{sup +} irradiation leading to Ar incorporation (0.2 at. %), high compressive stress (-4.6 GPa), and material loss by resputtering. Synchronizing the bias with the full HIPIMS pulse results in films that exhibit much lower stress levels (-1.8 GPa) with no measureable Ar incorporation, larger grains elongated in the growth direction, a very small volume fraction of wurtzite AlN, and random orientation. By synchronizing the bias with the metal-plasma phase of the HIPIMS pulses, energetic Ar{sup +} ion bombardment is greatly reduced in favor of irradiation predominantly by Al{sup +} ions. The resulting films are single phase with a dense competitive columnar structure, strong 111 orientation, no measureable trapped Ar concentration, and even lower stress (-0.9 GPa). Thus, switching from Ar{sup +} to Al{sup +} bombardment, while maintaining the same integrated incident ion/metal ratio, eliminates phase separation, minimizes renucleation during growth, and reduces the high concentration of residual point defects, which give rise to compressive stress.

Greczynski, Grzegorz; Lu Jun; Jensen, Jens; Petrov, Ivan; Greene, Joseph E.; Bolz, Stephan; Koelker, Werner; Schiffers, Christoph; Lemmer, Oliver; Hultman, Lars [Department of Physics (IFM), Linkoeping University, SE-581 83 Linkoeping (Sweden); Department of Physics (IFM), Linkoeping University, SE-581 83 Linkoeping (Sweden) and Materials Science Department and Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Department of Physics (IFM), Linkoeping University, SE-581 83 Linkoeping (Sweden); Materials Science Department and Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States) and Department of Physics, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); CemeCon AG, Adenauerstr. 20 A4, D-52146 Wurselen (Germany); Department of Physics (IFM), Linkoeping University, SE-581 83 Linkoeping (Sweden)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

140

EFFECTS OF DIETARY CALCIUM LEVELS ON GROWTH-PERFORMANCE AND DIGESTIVE FUNCTION IN CATTLE FED A HIGH-FAT FINISHING DIET  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/d Ca in steers fed a high-moisture corn-based finishing diet containing 0, 3 or 6% tallow.5% tallow or soybean oil soapstock. An interaction was observed between fat source and Ca level. In contrast, with supplemental tallow, increasing Ca level decreased ADG (9%) and feed efficiency (6%). Zinn

Delany, Mary E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Creep Crack Growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 3   Creep crack growth constants b and m for various ferritic steels...and Banerji, â??Creep Crack Growth Behavior

142

Florida Growth Fund (Florida)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Florida Growth Fund can provide investments in technology and growth-related companies through co-investments with other institutional investors. The Fund awards preference to companies...

143

Regional companies eye growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regional companies eye growth Regional companies eye growth Adaptive Radio Technologies, Los Alamos Visualization Associates, Mesa Tech International Inc., and ThermaSun Inc. were...

144

Rate-dependent morphology of Li2O2 growth in Li-O2 batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compact solid discharge products enable energy storage devices with high gravimetric and volumetric energy densities, but solid deposits on active surfaces can disturb charge transport and induce mechanical stress. In this Letter we develop a nanoscale continuum model for the growth of Li2O2 crystals in lithium-oxygen batteries with organic electrolytes, based on a theory of electrochemical non-equilibrium thermodynamics originally applied to Li-ion batteries. As in the case of lithium insertion in phase-separating LiFePO4 nanoparticles, the theory predicts a transition from complex to uniform morphologies of Li2O2 with increasing current. Discrete particle growth at low discharge rates becomes suppressed at high rates, resulting in a film of electronically insulating Li2O2 that limits cell performance. We predict that the transition between these surface growth modes occurs at current densities close to the exchange current density of the cathode reaction, consistent with experimental observations.

Horstmann, B; Mitchell, R; Bessler, W G; Shao-Horn, Y; Bazant, M Z

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Growth and development of GaInAsP for use in high-efficiency solar cells. Final subcontract report, 1 July 1991--30 December 1993  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes accomplishments during Phase 3 of this subcontract. The overall goals of the subcontract were (1) to develop the necessary technology to grow high-efficiency GaInAsP layers that are lattice-matched to GaAs and Ge; (2) to demonstrate highefficiency GaInAsP single-junction solar cells; and (3) to demonstrate GaInAsP/Ge cascade solar cells suitable for operation under concentrated (500X) sunlight. The major accomplishments during Phase 3 include (1) demonstrating a GaInAsP tunnel diode for use as an interconnect in the GaInAsP/Ge cascade cell, and (2) demonstrating a GaInAsP/Ge cascade cell. The development of the GaInAsP tunnel diode is a major accomplishment because it allows for the GaInAsP and Ge cells to be connected without optical losses for the bottom Ge cell, such as a Ge tunnel diode would cause. The GaInAsP/Ge cascade cell development is significant because of the demonstration of a cascade cell with a new materials system.

Sharps, P.R. [Research Triangle Inst., Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Corrosion fatigue crack growth in clad low-alloy steel. Part 2, Water flow rate effects in high sulfur plate steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Corrosion fatigue crack propagation tests were conducted on a high- sulfur ASTM A302-B plate steel overlaid with weld-deposited Alloy EN82H cladding. The specimens featured semi-elliptical surface cracks penetrating approximately 6.3 mm of cladding into the underlying steel. The initial crack sizes were relatively large with surface lengths of 22.8--27.3 mm, and depths of 10.5--14.1 mm. The experiments were initiated in a quasi-stagnant low-oxygen (O{sub 2} < 10 ppb) aqueous environment at 243{degrees}C, under loading conditions ({Delta}K, R, cyclic frequency) conducive to environmentally-assisted cracking (EAC) under quasi-stagnant conditions. Following fatigue testing under quasi-stagnant conditions where EAC was observed, the specimens were then fatigue tested under conditions where active water flow of either 1.7 m/sec. or 4.7 m/sec. was applied parallel to the crack. Earlier experiments on unclad surface-cracked specimens of the same steel exhibited EAC under quasi- stagnant conditions, but water flow rates at 1.7 m/sec. and 5.0 m/sec. parallel to the crack mitigated EAC. In the present experiments on clad specimens, water flow at approximately the same as the lower of these velocities did not mitigate EAC, and a free stream velocity approximately the same as the higher of these velocities resulted in sluggish mitigation of EAC. The lack of robust EAC mitigation was attributed to the greater crack surface roughness in the cladding interfering with flow induced within the crack cavity. An analysis employing the computational fluid dynamics code, FIDAP, confirmed that frictional forces associated with the cladding crack surface roughness reduced the interaction between the free stream and the crack cavity.

James, L.A; Lee, H.B.; Wire, G.L.; Novak, S.R. [Bettis Atomic Power Lab., West Mifflin, PA (United States); Cullen, W.H. [Materials Engineering Associates, Inc., Lanham, MD (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release Reference Case  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual Energy Outlook 2014 Annual Energy Outlook 2014 Early Release Reference Case AEO2014 Early Release Rollout Presentation Paul J. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies Johns Hopkins University December 16, 2013 | Washington, DC by Adam Sieminski, Administrator Key results from the AEO2014 Reference case 2 * Growing domestic production of natural gas and oil continues to reshape the U.S. energy economy, with crude oil approaching the 1970 all-time high of 9.6 million barrels per day * Light-duty vehicle energy use declines sharply reflecting slowing growth in vehicle miles traveled and accelerated improvement in vehicle efficiency * With continued growth in shale gas production, natural gas becomes the largest source of U.S. electric power generation, surpassing coal by 2035,

148

ELECTRICAL ENGINEER High growth industry career opportunity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shall be submitted in writing to the DCM Project Manager, using the KU Standards Variance Request Form Designers shall verify that all applicable portions of these standards are incorporated into the project,470-Volt power to the Lawrence main campus at two distribution substations. Electrical metering for billing

149

Hail Growth Hysteresis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The transition between wet and dry growth for graupel and hail is examined, and new figures are presented illustrating the critical water contents necessary for transitions into or out of the wet-growth regime. These figures are extended to ...

David B. Johnson; Roy M. Rasmussen

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

A computational study of the time dependent crack growth process  

SciTech Connect

Universal studies of creep crack growth for (1) constant load and (2) variable load cases are presented. Results of the constant load cases is compared to experiment. The behavior of displacements and integral creep for fracture parameters are discussed for both load cases. The need for using a constitutive law which can handle cyclic creep is discussed.

Brust, F.W.; Krishnaswamy, P.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

PVMaT cost reductions in the EFG high volume PV manufacturing line: Annual report, 5 August 1998--4 August 1999[PhotoVoltaic Manufacturing Technology, Edge-defined Film-fed Growth  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes work performed by ASE Americas researchers during the first year of this Photovoltaic Manufacturing Technology 5A2 program. Significant accomplishments in each of three task are as follows. Task 1--Manufacturing Systems: Researchers completed key node analysis, started statistical process control (SPC) charting, carried out design-of-experiment (DoE) matrices on the cell line to optimize efficiencies, performed a capacity and bottleneck study, prepared a baseline chemical waste analysis report, and completed writing of more than 50% of documentation and statistical sections of ISO 9000 procedures. A highlight of this task is that cell efficiencies in manufacturing were increased by 0.4%--0.5% absolute, to an average in excess of 14.2%, with the help of DoE and SPC methods. Task 2--Low-Cost Processes: Researchers designed, constructed, and tested a 50-cm-diameter, edge-defined, film-fed growth (EFG) cylinder crystal growth system to successfully produce thin cylinders up to 1.2 meters in length; completed a model for heat transfer; successfully deployed new nozzle designs and used them with a laser wafer-cutting system with the potential to decrease cutting labor costs by 75% and capital costs by 2X; achieved laser-cutting speeds of up to 8X and evaluation of this system is proceeding in production; identified laser-cutting conditions that reduce damage for both Q-switched Nd:YAG and copper-vapor lasers with the help of a breakthrough in fundamental understanding of cutting with these short-pulse-length lasers; and found that bulk EFG material lifetimes are optimized when co-firing of silicon nitride and aluminum is carried out with rapid thermal processing (RTP). Task 3--Flexible Manufacturing: Researchers improved large-volume manufacturing of 10-cm {times} 15-cm EFG wafers by developing laser-cutting fixtures, adapting carriers and fabricating adjustable racks for etching and rinsing facilities, and installing a high-speed data collection net work; initiated fracture studies to develop methods to reduce wafer breakage; and started a module field studies program to collect data on field failures to help identify potential manufacturing problems. New encapsulants, which cure at room temperature, are being tested to improve flexibility and provide higher yields for thin wafers in lamination.

Bathey, B.; Brown, B.; Cao, J.; Ebers, S.; Gonsiorawski, R.; Heath, B.; Kalejs, J.; Kardauskas, M.; Mackintosh, B.; Ouellette, M.; Piwczyk, B.; Rosenblum, M.; Southimath, B.

1999-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

152

Base case and perturbation scenarios  

SciTech Connect

This report describes fourteen energy factors that could affect electricity markets in the future (demand, process, source mix, etc.). These fourteen factors are believed to have the most influence on the State? s energy environment. A base case, or most probable, characterization is given for each of these fourteen factors over a twenty year time horizon. The base case characterization is derived from quantitative and qualitative information provided by State of California government agencies, where possible. Federal government databases are nsed where needed to supplement the California data. It is envisioned that a initial selection of issue areas will be based upon an evaluation of them under base case conditions. For most of the fourteen factors, the report identities possible perturbations from base case values or assumptions that may be used to construct additional scenarios. Only those perturbations that are plausible and would have a significant effect on energy markets are included in the table. The fourteen factors and potential perturbations of the factors are listed in Table 1.1. These perturbations can be combined to generate internally consist.ent. combinations of perturbations relative to the base case. For example, a low natural gas price perturbation should be combined with a high natural gas demand perturbation. The factor perturbations are based upon alternative quantitative forecasts provided by other institutions (the Department of Energy - Energy Information Administration in some cases), changes in assumptions that drive the quantitative forecasts, or changes in assumptions about the structure of the California energy markets. The perturbations are intended to be used for a qualitative reexamination of issue areas after an initial evaluation under the base case. The perturbation information would be used as a ?tiebreaker;? to make decisions regarding those issue areas that were marginally accepted or rejected under the base case. Hf a quantitative scoring system for issue areas were applied under the base case, a tractable quantitative decision model incorporating scenarios and their likelihoods could be developed and appli& in the decision process. LLNL has developed four perturbation scenarios that address the following issues: l} low economic growth, 2) high natural gas prices, 3) dysfunctional markets, and 4) a preference for green power. We have proposed a plausible scenario that addresses each issue for discussion and consideration by the CEC. In addition, we have provided an example application of the four perturbation scenarios in a qualitative framework for evaluation of issue areas developed for the PIEPC program. A description of each of the perturbation scenarios and a discussion of how they could effect decisions about today? s R&D funding is included. The scenarios attempt to cover a broad spectrum of plausible outcomes in a deregulated market environment. Nowever, Vhey are not a comprehensive and rigorously defined list of the most probable scenarios, but rather a qualitative inference based upon knowledge and expertise in the energy field.

Edmunds, T

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Characterization of Environment-Dependent Fatigue Crack Growth ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

at high frequency levels to fully environment-dependent at very low frequency ... environment-dependent crack growth process, crack increment per cycle is ...

154

Processing, Crystal Growth and Phase Equilibrium of Advanced  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effects of gravity on crystal growth • Phase diagrams ... Mechanical Behavior of Bulk Nanocrystalline Copper Alloys Produced by High Energy Ball Milling.

155

Signed enumeration of ribbon tableaux: an approach through growth diagrams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We give an extension of the famous Schensted correspondence to the case of ribbon tableaux, where ribbons are allowed to be of different sizes. This is done by extending Fomin's growth diagram approach of the classical correspondence, in particular by ... Keywords: Garsia---Milne involution principle, Growth diagrams, Murnaghan---Nakayama rule, RSK correspondence, Ribbon tableaux

Dominique Gouyou-Beauchamps; Philippe Nadeau

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

3D-Var Assimilation of Insect-Derived Doppler Radar Radial Winds in Convective Cases Using a High-Resolution Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The assimilation of Doppler radar radial winds for high-resolution NWP may improve short-term forecasts of convective weather. Using insects as the radar target, it is possible to provide wind observations during convective development. This study ...

S. J. Rennie; S. L. Dance; A. J. Illingworth; S. P. Ballard; D. Simonin

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

A Case Study of High-Impact Wet Snowfall in Northwest Germany (25–27 November 2005): Observations, Dynamics, and Forecast Performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate numerical weather prediction of intense snowfall events requires the correct representation of dynamical and physical processes on various scales. In this study, a specific event of high-impact wet snowfall is examined that occurred in ...

Claudia Frick; Heini Wernli

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

The Origin of High-Enthalpy Geothermal of Non-Volcanic Environment---As a Case Study of Yangbajing Geothermal Field at Qinghai-Tibet Plateau  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Among global high-enthalpy geothermal resources, geothermal fields within Tibet are located in non-volcanic environment only. Results of the PTt(pressure-temperature-time) trajectory calculation of the Plateau uplifting gave a comparatively satisfactory ...

Jin Shenghai; Yao Zujin; Yin Miying

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Collective renovation : case study on the public / private relationship in high-density low-rise residential areas of central Tokyo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis starts with the interest in the undefined open spaces of high-density low-rise (HDLR) residential areas in Tokyo. In these spaces, one can witness numerous examples of overlapping public and private uses. For ...

Mizuguchi, Saki

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Sorghum Growth and Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sorghum is well adapted to Texas, and its ability to yield consistently makes it popular with growers. This publication discusses sorghum plant biology and growth.

Gerik, Tom; Bean, Brent W.; Vanderlip, Richard

2003-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Electron Microscopy Study of Tin Whisker Growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The growth of tin whiskers formed on sputtered tin layers deposited on brass was studied using electron microscopy. The occurrence of whiskers appeared to be largely independent of the macroscopic stress state in the film; rather it was microscopic compressive stresses arising from the formation of an intermetallic phase that appeared to be the necessary precursor. Whisker morphology was a result of whether nucleation had occurred on single grains or on multiple grains. In the latter case, the whiskers had a fluted or striated surface. The formation of whiskers on electron transparent samples was demonstrated. These samples showed the whiskers were monocrystalline and defect free, and that the growth direction could be determined.

Norton, Murray G. (Washington State University); Lebret, Joel (8392)

2003-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

162

A Case Study of Principal Leadership in the Practice of Multicultural Education in High-Achieving Schools Serving Hispanic Students in South Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the educational experiences and leadership behaviors of five South Texas high school principals, in the context of the practice of multicultural education and Hispanic student achievement. Through the recounting of the principals’ personal stories, experiences, and artifacts, several themes emerged in the analyses of the data collected for this study: multicultural education, effective schools, and culturally Responsive Leadership. Subthemes for the study included high expectations, collaboration, relationships, empowering school culture, equity pedagogy, communication, vision for success, Hispanic principal leadership, and Hispanic student achievement. Findings for the study further revealed that: 1. Each of the five principals articulated, supported, and fostered a culture of high expectations. 2. Collaboration, among staff, students, and the extended learning community, was a designated priority in these high-performing schools. 3. Principals in each of the five high schools understood the significant value of developing, nurturing, and maintaining productive, caring relationships. 4. Principals understood the value of creating a school culture that empowered students and staff to aspire toward quality teaching and learning. 5. Principals understood and worked vehemently to provide equity pedagogy which addressed the needs of all students. 6. Principals understood the power of varied forms of communication in shaping and supporting the mission of their schools. 7. Principals in these high-performing schools developed and steadfastly articulated a clear vision of success for their schools. 8. Hispanic principals provided unique, relevant, and effective leadership in support of their Hispanic students. 9. Neither school/community demographics nor socioeconomic status determined the potential for Hispanic student success in each of the schools led by the study’s participants. While each of the principals in this study used a variety of means to create and support learning environments conducive to all students, each assumed personal responsibility for the success of his/her students, and each worked to empower their Hispanic students through his/her own personal histories and experiences. Thus, the significance of this study lies in the potential to impact Hispanic student achievement by developing school leaders and creating school structures that support culturally diverse students.

Rios, Sylvia 1954-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

EIA-Annual Energy Outlook 2010 - Low Economic Growth Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Economic Growth Tables (2007- 2035) Economic Growth Tables (2007- 2035) Annual Energy Outlook 2010 Main Low Economic Growth Tables (2007- 2035) Table Title Formats Summary Low Economic Growth Case Tables PDF Gif Year-by-Year Low Economic Growth Case Tables Excel Gif Table 1. Total Energy Supply, Disposition, and Price Summary Excel Gif Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source Excel Gif Table 3. Energy Prices by Sector and Source Excel Gif Table 4. Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Excel Gif Table 5. Commercial Sector Indicators and Consumption Excel Gif Table 6. Industrial Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Excel Gif Table 7. Transportation Sector Key Indicators and Delivered Energy Consumption Excel Gif Table 8. Electricity Supply, Disposition, Prices, and Emissions

164

Fish scales and growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fish scales and growth Name: Belinda Clark Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: In my daughter's book about fish, it states that fish continue to get bigger as they age...

165

FGF growth factor analogs  

SciTech Connect

The present invention provides a fibroblast growth factor heparin-binding analog of the formula: ##STR00001## where R.sub.1, R.sub.2, R.sub.3, R.sub.4, R.sub.5, X, Y and Z are as defined, pharmaceutical compositions, coating compositions and medical devices including the fibroblast growth factor heparin-binding analog of the foregoing formula, and methods and uses thereof.

Zamora, Paul O. (Gaithersburg, MD); Pena, Louis A. (Poquott, NY); Lin, Xinhua (Plainview, NY); Takahashi, Kazuyuki (Germantown, MD)

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

166

WEF-Green Growth Partnerships Initiative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WEF-Green Growth Partnerships Initiative WEF-Green Growth Partnerships Initiative Jump to: navigation, search Name WEF-Green Growth Partnerships Initiative Agency/Company /Organization World Economic Forum Partner Global Green Growth Institute, Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Government Sector Energy, Land, Climate Topics Finance, Low emission development planning Resource Type Case studies/examples Website http://www.weforum.org/ Program Start 2011 References WEF Site[1] IISD News[2] Abstract The Green Growth Partnerships (GGP) Initiative is convening public, private and expert practitioners in a unique advisory platform to leverage private finance into low carbon investments in developing countries. "The Green Growth Partnerships (GGP) Initiative is convening public,

167

On Impacts of Economic Growth.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents four papers on impacts of economic growth. The results indicate that faster economic growth improves the short-run political survival prospects of national… (more)

Burke, Paul John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Artificial light and plant growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Artificial light and plant growth Name: Lim Age: NA Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: What color of artificial light works the best in plant growth? Replies:...

169

Science DMZ Case Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Studies Studies About ESnet Overview ESnet Staff Governance Our Network Case Studies OSCARS Case Studies Science DMZ Case Studies Science DMZ CU Science DMZ Penn State & VTTI Science DMZ NOAA Science DMZ NERSC Science DMZ ALS Multi-facility Workflow LCLS ESnet Strategic Plan ESnet Organizational Chart ESnet History Science Requirements Careers Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Science DMZ Case Studies Developed by ESnet engineers, the Science DMZ model addresses common network performance problems encountered at any institution by creating an environment that is tailored to the needs of high performance science

170

ARM - Measurement - Hygroscopic growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsHygroscopic growth govMeasurementsHygroscopic growth ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Hygroscopic growth The rate that aerosol particles grow at relative humidity values less than 100 percent. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System SMPS : Scanning mobility particle sizer TDMA : Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer Field Campaign Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System

171

Pollution adn Plant Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pollution adn Plant Growth Pollution adn Plant Growth Name: Virdina Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What are the effcts off water polltuion on plant growth? Are there any good websites where I can find current or on going research being done by other scientist? Replies: Dear Virdina, Possibly helpful: http://www.ec.gc.ca/water/en/manage/poll/e_poll.htm http://www.epa.vic.gov.au/wq/info/wq987.htm Sincerely, Anthony R. Brach This is a very complicated question, there are so many different types of water pollution and different species of plants react very differently. Good places to start are the U.S. environmental protection agency, the office of water is at: http://www.epa.gov/ow/ and there is a link to a kid's page from there: http://www.epa.gov/OST/KidsStuff/ You might also try state EPA's, Illinois is at:

172

Plant Tumor Growth Rates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant Tumor Growth Rates Plant Tumor Growth Rates Name: Gina and Maria Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: We are doing a science fair project on if B. Carotene, Green tea, and Grape Seed Extract helps plants against the crown gall disease. We injected sunflowers with agrobacterium tum. one week ago (Sun. Feb. 27, 2000). Our questions is how long will it take for the tumors to grow? We scratched the surface of the stems and injected the agrobacterium in the wound. Also which do you think, in your opinion, will do the best, if any? Our science fair is April 13, do you think we'll have growth before then, atleast enough time to do our conclusion and results? Thank you, any information you forward will be very helpful. Replies: Sunflowers form galls relatively quickly. I usually get them in two weeks at least. Good luck.

173

Research District Seeing Growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monthly economic diversity column for the Tri-City Herald (May 2012) - excerpt follows: It’s been a while since I’ve updated you on the Tri-Cities Research District, most certainly not for lack of new activity over the past several months. In fact, much has happened, and there’s more to come. I think many of us see new land development and construction as indicative of current or impending economic growth. So those of you who have ventured into North Richland either via Stevens Drive or George Washington Way lately have probably begun sensing and anticipating that such growth is afoot.

Madison, Alison L.

2012-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

174

Development of a Simulation Toolkit for the Selection of High-Performance Systems for Office Buildings in Hot and Humid Climates (Phase I: Calibrated Simulation of the Case Study Building)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reports on the development of an easy-to-use tool for the selection of high-performance systems in office buildings in hot and humid climates. In this paper, the preliminary results of a calibrated simulation of a typical large office building are presented for the John Connally building (124,000 sq-ft) in College Station, TX. To calibrate the DOE-2 simulation model, measured data were retrieved from permanently installed data loggers in the building, which measured whole-building electricity use and sub-metered cooling electricity use, lighting and miscellaneous equipment use, as well as thermal energy measurements for chilled water and hot water use. Also used in the calibration process were portable data loggers for comparing the performance of the building’s air-handling units with the simulated performance. For the calibration of the DOE-2 model, several calibration methodologies were used, including manual & iterative calibrations, graphical & statistical analysis, and signature analysis. This calibrated simulation model will be used as a base-case model for the development of a easy-to-use simulation tool for the selection of high-performance systems in office buildings in hot and humid climates. This paper presents the calibrated simulation results of the office building and outlines the additional steps for the development of the high-performance systems selection tool.

Cho, S.; Haberl, J. S.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Bangladesh: Case Studies Bangladesh: Case Studies Renewable Energy Research Centre, Dhaka University, Bangladesh  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewables in Renewables in Utilization of Renewables in Bangladesh: Case Studies Bangladesh: Case Studies Renewable Energy Research Centre, Dhaka University, Bangladesh Renewable Energy Research Centre, Dhaka University, Bangladesh Case Study I: Solar market electrification LGED has successfully completed Solar Market Electrification in Gangutia growth center under Sailkupa Thana in Jhenaidha district. This activity has been taken under sustainable rural energy (SRE) Project. The objectives of this project are to install a demonstrative plant of a centralized solar photovoltaic system for electrification of a rural market in the off-grid area and to assess its technical and economic viability in the context of rural Bangladesh. Gangutia growth center has been selected for solar

176

Enforcement Cases  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

cases Office of the General Counsel 1000 cases Office of the General Counsel 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC, 20585 202-586-5281 en AeroSys: Order (2011-SCE-1624) http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/aerosys-order-2011-sce-1624 AeroSys: Order (2011-SCE-1624)

177

Case Study  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Case Study Case Study M2M Smart Grid Investment Grant 1 An irrigation pump connected to a web---to---wireless controller designed by M2M Communications. Agricultural Demand Response Program in California Helps Farmers Reduce Peak Electricity Usage, Operate More Efficiently Year---Round The development of a two---way, web---to---wireless controller for irrigation pumps is the foundation for an agricultural demand response program in California. Designed by M2M Communications of Boise, Idaho, the controller is part of an irrigation load control system that also includes sensors, smart meters, and other monitoring equipment. Partially funded with $2.2 million in Recovery Act stimulus funds awarded by the U.S. Department of

178

Case Number:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Name of Petitioner: Name of Petitioner: Date of Filing: Case Number: Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 JUL 2 2 2009 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Appeal Dean P. Dennis March 2, 2009 TBA-0072 Dean D. Dennis filed a complaint of retaliation under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Mr. Dennis alleged that he engaged in protected activity and that his employer, National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec ), subsequently terminated him. An Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Hearing Officer denied relief in Dean P. Dennis, Case No. TBH-0072, 1 and Mr. Dennis filed the instant appeal. As discussed below, the appeal is denied. I. Background The DOE established its Contractor Employee Protection Program to "safeguard public

179

Security Cases  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

security-cases Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 security-cases Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC, 20585 202-287-1566 en PSH-13-0103 - In the Matter of Personnel Security http://energy.gov/oha/downloads/psh-13-0103-matter-personnel-security PSH-13-0103 - In the Matter of Personnel Security

180

Whistleblower Cases  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

whistleblower-cases Office of Hearings and Appeals whistleblower-cases Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC, 20585 202-287-1566 en WBX-12-0004 - In the Matter of Denise Hunter http://energy.gov/oha/downloads/wbx-12-0004-matter-denise-hunter WBX-12-0004 - In the Matter of Denise Hunter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

EIA Cases  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

eia-cases Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 eia-cases Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC, 20585 202-287-1566 en TEE-0073 - In the Matter of Cole Distributing, Inc. http://energy.gov/oha/downloads/tee-0073-matter-cole-distributing-inc TEE-0073 - In the Matter of Cole Distributing, Inc.

182

FOIA Cases  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

foia-cases Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 foia-cases Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC, 20585 202-287-1566 en FIA-13-0077 - In the Matter of John F. Garrity http://energy.gov/oha/downloads/fia-13-0077-matter-john-f-garrity FIA-13-0077 - In the Matter of John F. Garrity

183

Dimensioning optical networks under traffic growth models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider the problem of dimensioning a large optical wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) network assuming the traffic is growing over time. Traffic between pairs of nodes is carried through lightpaths which are high-bandwidth end-to-end ... Keywords: capacity allocation, capacity exhaustion probability, stochastic modeling, traffic growth model

Tapan Kumar Nayak; Kumar N. Sivarajan

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Growth, Growth Accelerations and the Poor: Lessons from Indonesia 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We study the impact of growth and growth accelerations on poverty and inequality in Indonesia using a new panel dataset covering 26 provinces over the period 1977-2010. This new dataset allows us to distinguish between mining and non-mining sectors of the economy. We find that growth in non-mining significantly reduces poverty and inequality. In contrast, overall growth and growth in mining appears to have no effect on poverty and inequality. We also identify growth acceleration episodes defined by at least four consecutive years of positive growth in GDP per capita. Growth acceleration in non-mining reduces poverty and inequality whereas growth acceleration in mining increases poverty. We expect that the degree of forward and backward linkages of mining and non-mining sectors explain the asymmetric result. Our results are robust to state and year fixed effects, state specific trends, and instrumental variable estimation with rainfall and humidity as instruments.

Sambit Bhattacharyya; Budy P. Resosudarmo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Fuel Cycle Analysis Framework Base Cases for the IAEA/INPRO GAINS Collaborative Project  

SciTech Connect

Thirteen countries participated in the Collaborative Project GAINS “Global Architecture of Innovative Nuclear Energy Systems Based on Thermal and Fast Reactors Including a Closed Fuel Cycle”, which was the primary activity within the IAEA/INPRO Program Area B: “Global Vision on Sustainable Nuclear Energy” for the last three years. The overall objective of GAINS was to develop a standard framework for assessing future nuclear energy systems taking into account sustainable development, and to validate results through sample analyses. This paper details the eight scenarios that constitute the GAINS framework base cases for analysis of the transition to future innovative nuclear energy systems. The framework base cases provide a reference for users of the framework to start from in developing and assessing their own alternate systems. Each base case is described along with performance results against the GAINS sustainability evaluation metrics. The eight cases include four using a moderate growth projection and four using a high growth projection for global nuclear electricity generation through 2100. The cases are divided into two sets, addressing homogeneous and heterogeneous scenarios developed by GAINS to model global fuel cycle strategies. The heterogeneous world scenario considers three separate nuclear groups based on their fuel cycle strategies, with non-synergistic and synergistic cases. The framework base case analyses results show the impact of these different fuel cycle strategies while providing references for future users of the GAINS framework. A large number of scenario alterations are possible and can be used to assess different strategies, different technologies, and different assumptions about possible futures of nuclear power. Results can be compared to the framework base cases to assess where these alternate cases perform differently versus the sustainability indicators.

Brent Dixon

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

High DSM Scenario Request for the 2011 TEPPC Transmission Expansion Plan (and Treatment of DSM in Reference Case/Other Scenarios) Recommendation of the State/Provincial Steering Committee DSM Working Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the November 6, 2009 meeting of the State-Provincial Steering Committee (SPSC), the SPSC agreed that it would submit a high DSM scenario to TEPPC and requested that the DSM Working Group prepare the request, for review and approval by the SPSC. This document outlines the approach recommended by the DSM Work Group for developing a high DSM scenario, to be modeled in the 2011 TEPPC 10-Year Transmission Expansion Plan. 1 In addition, the DSM Working Group has developed recommendations for the treatment of DSM in the reference case and two scenarios (Carbon Reduction and Breakthrough Technology) proposed by the Scenario Working Group. Table 1 sets for the recommended approach for these items, for energy efficiency (EE), demand response (DR), combined heat and power (CHP) and distribution system efficiency upgrades. These recommendations have been informed by the technical assistance of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and the non-state officials participating in the DSM Working Group, as well as the state official/commissioner members of the Group.

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio October 6, 2010 - 2:26pm Addthis Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers Editor's Note: Yesterday Secretary Chu announced that solar panels and a solar hot water heater will be added to the White House by the end of next spring. This entry is cross-posted from the Energy Empowers blog and deals with how the continued growth of solar power is not only a boon for industry, but for local economies as well. The solar industry saw growth in 2010. Market research company Solarbuzz reports that global demand soared by 54 percent in the second quarter of 2010. The research firm reports that in the United States, the annual number of total watts installed moved from 485 MW in all of 2009 to 2.3 GW

188

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio October 6, 2010 - 2:26pm Addthis Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers Editor's Note: Yesterday Secretary Chu announced that solar panels and a solar hot water heater will be added to the White House by the end of next spring. This entry is cross-posted from the Energy Empowers blog and deals with how the continued growth of solar power is not only a boon for industry, but for local economies as well. The solar industry saw growth in 2010. Market research company Solarbuzz reports that global demand soared by 54 percent in the second quarter of 2010. The research firm reports that in the United States, the annual number of total watts installed moved from 485 MW in all of 2009 to 2.3 GW

189

NERSC/DOE HPC Requirements Workshops Case Study FAQ  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Case Study FAQs Case Study FAQ General Questions What is NERSC? NERSC is the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, the high-end scientific computing facility for...

190

Pine Tree Growth Locations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pine Tree Growth Locations Pine Tree Growth Locations Name: Amielee Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why do pine trees not grow south of the equator? Replies: Dear Amielee, The natural distribution of the pines is the northern hemisphere: http://phylogeny.arizona.edu/tree/eukaryotes/green_plants/embryophytes/conif ers/pinaceae/pinus/pinus.html However, pines have become introduced into the southern hemisphere through cultivation: http://www.woodweb.com/~treetalk/Radiata_Pine/wowhome.html Sincerely, Anthony R. Brach, Ph.D. Hi Amielee Some pine trees do live south of the equator but we (I live in Australia) do not have the huge forests of native conifers that you have in the northern hemisphere. Even in the northern hemisphere conifers are only found in two forest types: 1. Tiaga

191

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 4,100 4,400 4,700 5,000 5,300 5,600 5,900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '13 to Aug '13: 2.5% Aug '12 to Aug '13: -1.3% YTD '12 to YTD '13: 1.5% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '13 to Aug '13: -0.8%

192

Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Adjusted Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -7.4% Jan '99 to Jan '00: -0.1% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -0.1% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -16.8% Jan '99 to Jan '00: -3.2% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -3.2% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -9.3% Jan '99 to Jan '00: +3.5% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +3.5% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul

193

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nov '99 to Dec '99: +5.3% Nov '99 to Dec '99: +5.3% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +8.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +5.0% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +6.0% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +4.5% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +2.4% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +3.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.9% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +32.3% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +2.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +5.5%

194

The Growth of Fishes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Growth of Fishes Growth of Fishes Nature Bulletin No. 272-A June 3, 1967 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Richard B. Ogilvie, President Roland F, Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE GROWTH OF FISHES Baby fish, by the millions, are hatching now every day in our lakes, streams and ponds. Some kinds come from eggs sown broadcast among water plants; others from eggs laid in clusters or nests; some from masses of eggs hidden in underwater holes; while the eggs of many little fish, such as minnows and darters, are attached in neat patches to the underside of rocks or sunken logs. For some time before hatching, the young fish can be seen wriggling inside the eggs. Newly hatched baby fish -- or fry, as they should be called -- look much alike, regardless of the size or appearance of their parents. Each is almost transparent except for the large dark eyes and a bulging stomach which encloses yolk from the egg. Under a magnifying glass, the pumping red heart can be seen and the mouth gulping water. The tiny fins are beginning to form, a few dots of dark pigment may show in the skin, but there is little or no sign of scales. They vary from an eighth to a half inch or more in length, depending upon the species and the size of the egg.

195

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

July '99 to Aug. '99: +4.7% July '99 to Aug. '99: +4.7% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: +1.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.7% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: -1.9% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: -0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.9% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: -0.1% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: -1.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: -0.7% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: +22.3% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: +21.1%

196

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aug '99 to Sep '99: +4.9% Aug '99 to Sep '99: +4.9% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +4.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.7% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: -2.4% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: -2.1% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +4.6% YTD '98 to YTD '99: 0.0% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: +7.3% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +8.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +8.3%

197

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oct '99 to Nov '99: +0.1% Oct '99 to Nov '99: +0.1% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +5.5% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.5% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: -0.7% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +1.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.1% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: +2.5% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +6.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.8% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: +9.7% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +2.2% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.2%

198

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

June '99 to July '99: -5.4% June '99 to July '99: -5.4% July '98 to July '99: +3.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.3% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: -0.5% July '98 to July '99: -0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.1% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: +0.5% July '98 to July '99: +1.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: -0.3% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: +1.5% July '98 to July '99: +10.2% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +7.2%

199

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sep '99 to Oct '99: +3.9% Sep '99 to Oct '99: +3.9% Oct '98 to Oct '99: +2.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.4% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -0.2% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -0.9% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.0% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -1.9% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -0.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.4% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -2.1% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -6.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.6%

200

Cellulose and the Control of Growth Anisotropy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The authors research aims to understand morphogenesis, focusing on growth anisotropy, a process that is crucial to make organs with specific and heritable shapes. For the award, the specific aims were to test hypotheses concerning how growth anisotropy is controlled by cell wall structure, particularly by the synthesis and alignment of cellulose microfibrils, the predominant mechanical element in the cell wall. This research has involved characterizing the basic physiology of anisotropic expansion, including measuring it at high resolution; and second, characterizing the relationship between growth anisotropy, and cellulose microfibrils. Important in this relationship and also to the control of anisotropic expansion are structures just inside the plasma membrane called cortical microtubules, and the research has also investigated their contribution to controlling anisotropy and microfibril alignment. In addition to primary experimental papers, I have also developed improved methods relating to these objectives as well as written relevant reviews. Major accomplishments in each area will now be described.

Tobias I. Baskin

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Aerosol Condensational Growth in Cloud Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A code for the quasi-stationary solution of the coupled heat and mass transport equations for aerosols in a finite volume was developed. Both mass and heat are conserved effectively in the volume, which results in a competitive aerosol condensation growth computational model. A further model that couples this competitive aerosol condensation growth computational model with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software (ANSYS FLUENT) enables the simulation of the realistic atmospheric environment. One or more air parcels, where the aerosols reside, are placed in a very big volume in order to mimic the large atmospheric environment. Mass (water vapor) and heat transportat between the air parcels and the environment facilitates the growth and prevents the parcels from unrealistically overheating. The suppression of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) growth by high number densities was quantified by our model study. Model study with organic particles (Lmalic acid and maleic acid) indicates that when these organic species and ammonium sulfate are internally mixed, the particles can grow much more than if they are separately associated with distinct particles. Moreover, by using more multiple air parcels, which are randomly assigned with different initial relative humidity values according to a power law distribution, we studied the effects of atmospheric stochastic RH distribution on the growth of CCN.

Geng, Jun

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Corrosion Fatigue Crack Growth and Stress-Corrosion Cracking in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The high stress ratio (R=0.85) corrosion fatigue crack growth kinetics and stress-corrosion cracking resistance of sensitized (70-175 °C up to ...

203

Demographic heterogeneity, cohort selection, and population growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

individuals. The growth rate increases monotonically withis quite different: growth rate increases with reproductivepopulation growth rate increases more slowly than linearly

Kendall, Bruce E.; Fox, Gordon A; Fujiwara, Masami; Nogeire, Theresa M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Graphene growth directly on functional substrate , L. Baratona  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the graphene structural quality, we studied the effect of additional post growth high temperature annealing] normally needs high temperature (950°C). In the method reported here, graphene grows at the interface., Approaching the Dirac Point in High-Mobility Multilayer Epitaxial Graphene, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 (2008) 267601

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

205

Double-digit growth  

SciTech Connect

The global need for additional generating capacity continues to grow at double digit rates in some cases. Opportunities for partnerships and joint ventures vary considerably by country and region. A closer look is taken at five countries where the playing fields are increasingly tipping to favor outside partners in power development projects -- India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Mexico.

Cartselos, T.; Meade, W.; Hernandez, L.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Techniques for Growth of Lattice-Matched Semiconductor Layers  

efficiency solar cells, solid-state lighting, and high-speed transistors. In each case, the specific device designs rely on combinations of various ...

207

Plant Growth and Photosynthesis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant Growth and Photosynthesis Plant Growth and Photosynthesis Name: Jack Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Do plants have any other way of growing besides photosythesis? Plants do not use photosynthesis to grow!!! They use cellular respiration just like every other organism to process energy into work. Plants use oxygen just like we do. Photosynthesis is principally only a process to change sunlight into a chemical form for storage. Replies: Check out our archives for more information. www.newton.dep.anl.gov/archive.htm Steve Sample Jack, Several kinds of flowering plants survive without the use of chlorophyll which is what makes plants green and able to produce sugar through photosynthesis. Dodder is a parasitic nongreen (without chlorophyll) plant that is commonly found growing on jewelweed and other plants in damp areas. Dodder twines around its host, (A host is an organism that has fallen victim to a parasite.), like a morning glory and attaches itself at certain points along the stem where it absorbs sugar and nutrients from the hosts sap.

208

Analysis of the growth of strike-slip faults using effective medium theory  

SciTech Connect

Increases in the dimensions of strike-slip faults including fault length, thickness of fault rock and the surrounding damage zone collectively provide quantitative definition of fault growth and are commonly measured in terms of the maximum fault slip. The field observations indicate that a common mechanism for fault growth in the brittle upper crust is fault lengthening by linkage and coalescence of neighboring fault segments or strands, and fault rock-zone widening into highly fractured inner damage zone via cataclastic deformation. The most important underlying mechanical reason in both cases is prior weakening of the rocks surrounding a fault's core and between neighboring fault segments by faulting-related fractures. In this paper, using field observations together with effective medium models, we analyze the reduction in the effective elastic properties of rock in terms of density of the fault-related brittle fractures and fracture intersection angles controlled primarily by the splay angles. Fracture densities or equivalent fracture spacing values corresponding to the vanishing Young's, shear, and quasi-pure shear moduli were obtained by extrapolation from the calculated range of these parameters. The fracture densities or the equivalent spacing values obtained using this method compare well with the field data measured along scan lines across the faults in the study area. These findings should be helpful for a better understanding of the fracture density/spacing distribution around faults and the transition from discrete fracturing to cataclastic deformation associated with fault growth and the related instabilities.

Aydin, A.; Berryman, J.G.

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

209

Boundaries and Grain Growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 11, 2012... David Srolovitz3; 1Institute for Advanced Study; 2Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; 3Institute of High Performance Computing, A*Star

210

South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-ESMAP Low Carbon Growth Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Transportation Topics GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Publications, Case studies/examples Website http://www.esmap.org/ Country South Africa Southern Africa References World Bank, ESMAP - Low Carbon Growth Country Studies - Getting Started[1] Overview "To facilitate the implementation of the Long-Term Mitigation Scenario developed by the Government of South Africa in 2006, the South Africa study focuses on building capacity for energy efficiency and demand-side

211

Reducing dislocations in semiconductors utilizing repeated thermal cycling during multistage epitaxial growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Dislocation densities are reduced in growing semiconductors from the vapor phase by employing a technique of interrupting growth, cooling the layer so far deposited, and then repeating the process until a high quality active top layer is achieved. The method of interrupted growth, coupled with thermal cycling, permits dislocations to be trapped in the initial stages of epitaxial growth.

Fan, John C. C. (Chestnut Hill, MA); Tsaur, Bor-Yeu (Arlington, MA); Gale, Ronald P. (Bedford, MA); Davis, Frances M. (Framingham, MA)

1992-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

212

Reducing dislocations in semiconductors utilizing repeated thermal cycling during multistage epitaxial growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Dislocation densities are reduced in growing semiconductors from the vapor phase by employing a technique of interrupting growth, cooling the layer so far deposited, and then repeating the process until a high quality active top layer is achieved. The method of interrupted growth, coupled with thermal cycling, permits dislocations to be trapped in the initial stages of epitaxial growth.

Fan, John C. C. (Chestnut Hill, MA); Tsaur, Bor-Yeu (Arlington, MA); Gale, Ronald P. (Bedford, MA); Davis, Frances M. (Framingham, MA)

1986-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

213

Industrial structure and employment growth in the 1990s in Appalachian counties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Employment growth in the 1990s and its relationship with the initial industrial structure in 1990 are examined in the case of Appalachian counties, after controlling for labor-market conditions and other factors, such as ...

Tan, Zhijun (Zhijun Jeanne)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Lidar Observations of Mixed Layer Dynamics: Tests of Parameterized Entrainment Models of Mixed Layer Growth Rate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ground based lidar measurements of the atmospheric mixed layer depth, the entrainment zone depth and the wind speed and wind direction were used to test various parameterized entrainment models of mixed layer growth rate. Six case studies under ...

R. Boers; E. W. Eloranta; R. L. Coulter

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Banknorth: Designing IT Governance for a Growth-Oriented Business Evironment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This case describes the challenges of implementation of IT Governance in a regional New England bank experiencing explosive and very profitable growth through mergers and acquisitions. Led by the CIO the new IT governance ...

Weill, Peter

2007-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

216

Growth and poverty in the urban fringe : decentralization, dispersion, and inequality in greater Buenos Aires  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research presents the case of growth in Buenos Aires since the late 1970s, when the decentralization of urban planning powers in the Province of Buenos Aires began, until 2001, when an economic crisis submerged -even ...

Libertun de Duren, Nora R

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Using case-based tests to detect gray cygnets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Black Swans are surprising, exceptional, provocative cases that instigate major change. Gray Cygnets follow a Black Swan, are highly similar to it, are also exceptional in outcome, and continue to provoke change. We discuss experiments with a family ... Keywords: black swans, case similarity, case-based reasoning, classification tests, gray cygnets, supreme on-point case (sopc), surprising cases

Edwina L. Rissland; Xiaoxi Xu

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Inclusion free cadmium zinc tellurium and cadmium tellurium crystals and associated growth method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present disclosure provides systems and methods for crystal growth of cadmium zinc tellurium (CZT) and cadmium tellurium (CdTe) crystals with an inverted growth reactor chamber. The inverted growth reactor chamber enables growth of single, large, high purity CZT and CdTe crystals that can be used, for example, in X-ray and gamma detection, substrates for infrared detectors, or the like. The inverted growth reactor chamber enables reductions in the presence of Te inclusions, which are recognized as an important limiting factor in using CZT or CdTe as radiation detectors. The inverted growth reactor chamber can be utilized with existing crystal growth techniques such as the Bridgman crystal growth mechanism and the like. In an exemplary embodiment, the inverted growth reactor chamber is a U-shaped ampoule.

Bolotnikov, Aleskey E. (South Setauket, NY); James, Ralph B. (Ridge, NY)

2010-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

219

Numerical Simulations of Wind Wave Growth under a Coastal Wind Jet through the Kanmon Strait  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of a coastal wind jet flowing through the Kanmon Strait and the associated wind wave growth are investigated from a case study on 24–26 July 1999. This study presents a realistic example of fetch-limited wave growth under a ...

Teruhisa Shimada; Osamu Isoguchi; Hiroshi Kawamura

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Analysis of Crack Growth Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 3   Methods for calculating crack growth rates...the derivative at the midpoint of a data set. These methods use

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

"Projected Real GDP Growth Trend"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

69465655,0.02391459409,0.01807394932 " * These are historical annual growth rates in real GDP (2005 chained dollars). The annual changes are compounded and averaged in the table...

222

Diagnosing oscillatory growth or decay  

SciTech Connect

An analytical study is presented for an oscillatory system in terms of four constants, namely amplitude, phase, growth or decay rate, and frequency. (MOW)

Buneman, O.

1977-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Small Enterprise Growth Fund (Maine) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Small Enterprise Growth Fund (Maine) Small Enterprise Growth Fund (Maine) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Equity Investment Provider Small Enterprise Growth Fund The Small Enterprise Growth Fund is a professionally-managed venture capital fund that invests in Maine companies which demonstrate high potential for growth and public benefit. The fund has received $13 million in capital contributions from the state and operates as a revolving fund. Companies in nearly any industry are eligible for funding, including seed and early stage companies. On average, $100,000 to $300,000 is invested per

224

Observation of Single Colloidal Platinum Nanocrystal Growth Trajectories  

SciTech Connect

It is conventionally assumed that the growth of monodisperse colloidal nanocrystals requires a temporally discrete nucleation followed by monomer attachment onto the existing nuclei. However, recent studies have reported violations of this classical growth model, and have suggested that inter-particle interactions are also involved during the growth. Mechanisms of nanocrystal growth still remain controversial. Using in situ transmission electron microscopy, we show that platinum nanocrystals can grow either by monomer attachment from solution onto the existing particles or by coalescence between the particles. Surprisingly, an initially broad size distribution of the nanocrystals can spontaneously narrow. We suggest that nanocrystals take different pathways of growth based on their size- and morphology-dependent internal energies. These observations are expected to be highly relevant for other nanocrystal systems.

Zheng, Haimei; Smith, Rachel; Jun, Young-wook; Kisielowski, Christian; Dahmen, Ulrich; Alivisatos, A. Paul

2009-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

225

Monolayer Graphene Growth on Ni(111) by Low Temperature Chemical Vapor Deposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In contrast to the commonly employed high temperature chemical vapor deposition growth that leads to multilayer graphene formation by carbon segregation from the bulk, we demonstrate that below 600 C graphene can be grown in a self-limiting monolayer growth process. Optimum growth is achieved at {approx}550 C. Above this temperature, carbon diffusion into the bulk is limiting the surface growth rate, while at temperatures below {approx}500 C a competing surface carbide phase impedes graphene formation.

Batzill, M.; Sutter, P.; Addou, R.; Dahal, A.

2012-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

226

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Case Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tools & Resources Tools & Resources Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Case Studies to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Case Studies on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Case Studies on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Case Studies on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Case Studies on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Case Studies on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Case Studies on AddThis.com... Case Studies Resource Directory Webcasts Workshops Grants Administration Case Studies Find out more about how energy efficiency upgrade programs across the United States are using innovative financing mechanisms, high-demand

227

Atomistic Film Growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...(AES) Low-energy electron diffraction (LEED) Reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED) Work function change as a function of mass deposited Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) ( Ref 16 ) Atomic force microscopy (AFM) Photon tunneling microscopy...

228

Hydrogen induced crack growth in Grade-12 titanium  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Internal hydrogen induced crack growth rates were measured in Grade-12 titanium which is a candidate material for high-level nuclear waste containers. As-received and hydrogen charged samples (5 ppM to 330 ppM hydrogen) were used for slow crack growth measurements at constant loads using a Krak Gauge. The testing temperature ranged from room temperature to 148/sup 0/C. The crack growth kinetics under low to moderate loads are linear, but this linear rate is interrupted by discrete fast crack jump segments with parabolic or cubic type kinetics. These fast jump segments are thought to be associated with the passage of the crack front through the alpha-beta interface phase or with the initial loading sequence. By measuring striation spacings on the fracture surface, most crack growth rates observed are found to be in stage II. The striations are considered to be associated with hydride fracture. The crack path is either transgranular in the alpha phase or interfacial in the alpha phase adjacent to the beta phase. For transgranular growth, crack growth rates are constant and slower than those for interfacial growth which is associated with fast crack growth through a high hydrogen concentration region. Most stage II crack growth rates depend slightly on the stress intensity suggesting the contribution of plastic tearing process to stage II kinetics. The activation energies for crack growth are much lower than the activation energy of hydrogen diffusion through the alpha phase, implying that hydrogen is transported along dislocations, grain boundaries or interfaces. When the temperature is increased, the crack velocity first reaches a maximum and then decreases at higher temperatures. These temperature effects come from lower hydrogen concentration trapped at dislocations or from slower hydride nucleation kinetics, both at higher temperatures.

Ahn, T.M.; Lee, K.S.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

AlSb/InAs HIGH ELECTRON MOBILITY TRANSISTORS - Energy ...  

The Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) has developed materials growth and fabrication technology for the manufacture of high-speed, low power AlSb/InAs high electron ...

230

186 Wireline Failures in Oil & Gas Wells - Case Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, 186 Wireline Failures in Oil & Gas Wells - Case Studies ..... 202 Microstructure Exploration of High Strength High Ductility Iron-Based Glassy

231

Quartz crystal growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for growing single crystals from an amorphous substance that can undergo phase transformation to the crystalline state in an appropriate solvent. The process is carried out in an autoclave having a lower dissolution zone and an upper crystallization zone between which a temperature differential (.DELTA.T) is maintained at all times. The apparatus loaded with the substance, solvent, and seed crystals is heated slowly maintaining a very low .DELTA.T between the warmer lower zone and cooler upper zone until the amorphous substance is transformed to the crystalline state in the lower zone. The heating rate is then increased to maintain a large .DELTA.T sufficient to increase material transport between the zones and rapid crystallization. .alpha.-Quartz single crystal can thus be made from fused quartz in caustic solvent by heating to 350.degree. C. stepwise with a .DELTA.T of 0.25.degree.-3.degree. C., increasing the .DELTA.T to about 50.degree. C. after the fused quartz has crystallized, and maintaining these conditions until crystal growth in the upper zone is completed.

Baughman, Richard J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Human Capital, the Structure of Production, and Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Do high levels of human capital foster economic growth by facilitating technology adoption? If so, countries with more human capital should have adopted more rapidly the skilled-labor augmenting technologies becoming available since the 1970’s. High human capital levels should therefore have translated into fast growth in more compared to less human-capital-intensive industries in the 1980’s. Theories of international specialization point to human capital accumulation as another important determinant of growth in human-capital-intensive industries. Using data for a large sample of countries, we find significant positive effects of human capital levels and human capital accumulation on output and employment growth in human-capital-intensive industries.

Antonio Ciccone; Elias Papaioannou; Luc Laeven; Pablo Fleiss

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Vertebral Body Growth After Craniospinal Irradiation  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To estimate the effects of radiotherapy and clinical factors on vertebral growth in patients with medulloblastoma and supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors treated with craniospinal irradiation (CSI) and chemotherapy. Methods and Materials: The height of eight individual or grouped vertebral bodies (C3, C3-C4, T4, T4-T5, C6-T3, T4-T7, L3, L1-L5) was measured before and after CSI (23.4 or 36-39.6 Gy) in 61 patients. Of the 61 patients, 40 were boys and 21 were girls (median age, 7 years; range, 3-13 years), treated between October 1996 and October 2003. Sagittal T{sub 1}-weighted magnetic resonance images were used for the craniocaudal measurements. The measurements numbered 275 (median, 5/patient; range, 3-7). The median follow-up after CSI was 44.1 months (range, 13.8-74.9 months). Results: Significant growth was observed in all measured vertebrae. Excluding C3-C4, the growth rate of the grouped vertebrae was affected by age, gender, and CSI dose (risk classification). The risk classification alone affected the growth rates of C3 (p = 0.002) and L3 (p = 0.02). Before CSI, the length of all vertebral bodies was an increasing function of age (p <0.0001). The C3 length before CSI was affected by gender and risk classification: C3 was longer for female (p = 0.07) and high-risk (p = 0.07) patients. Conclusion: All vertebrae grew significantly after CSI, with the vertebrae of the boys and younger patients growing at a rate greater than that of their counterparts. The effect of age was similar across all vertebrae, and gender had the greatest effect on the growth of the lower cervical and upper thoracic vertebrae. The effect of the risk classification was greatest in the lumbar spine by a factor of {<=}10.

Hartley, Katherine A. [Department of Radiological Sciences, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States); Li Chenghong [Department of Biostatistics, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States); Laningham, Fred H.; Krasin, Matthew J. [Department of Radiological Sciences, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States); Xiong Xiaoping [Department of Biostatistics, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States); Merchant, Thomas E. [Department of Radiological Sciences, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN (United States)], E-mail: thomas.merchant@stjude.org

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Annual World Oil Demand Growth  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Following relatively small increases of 1.3 million barrels per day in 1999 and 0.9 million barrels per day in 2000, EIA is estimating world demand may grow by 1.6 million barrels per day in 2001. Of this increase, about 3/5 comes from non-OECD countries, while U.S. oil demand growth represents more than half of the growth projected in OECD countries. Demand in Asia grew steadily during most of the 1990s, with 1991-1997 average growth per year at just above 0.8 million barrels per day. However, in 1998, demand dropped by 0.3 million barrels per day as a result of the Asian economic crisis that year. Since 1998, annual growth in oil demand has rebounded, but has not yet reached the average growth seen during 1991-1997. In the Former Soviet Union, oil demand plummeted during most of the

235

Growth and Characterization of Epitaxial Oxide Thin Films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of these morphological changes was found to be dependent on a number of factors including deposition rates, flux and energy of bombarding ions, and the average angle of incidence of Glow Discharge Glow Discharge -V (DC) Cathode (Target) Insulation Substrates Anode Vacuum... techniques such as reflected high energy electron diffraction (RHEED) and low energy electron diffraction (LEED) can give valuable information about the initial growth mechanisms and surface structure of the very thin films during growth in an in-situ manner...

Garg, Ashish

236

Substrate solder barriers for semiconductor epilayer growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

During the growth of compound semiconductors by epitaxial processes, substrates are typically mounted to a support. In molecular beam epitaxy, mounting is done using indium as a solder. This method has two drawbacks: the indium reacts with the substrate, and it is difficult to uniformly wet the back of a large diameter substrate. Both of these problems have been successfully overcome by sputter coating the back of the substrate with a thin layer of tungsten carbide or tungsten carbide and gold. In addition to being compatible with the growth of high quality semiconductor epilayers this coating is also inert in all standard substate cleaning etchants used for compound semiconductors, and provides uniform distribution of energy in radiant heating. 1 tab.

Drummond, T.J.; Ginley, D.S.; Zipperian, T.E.

1987-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

237

Growth of silicon sheets for photovoltaic applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The status of silicon sheet development for photovoltaic applications is critically reviewed. Silicon sheet growth processes are classified according to their linear growth rates. The fast growth processes, which include edge-defined film-fed growth, silicon on ceramic, dendritic-web growth, and ribbon-to-ribbon growth, are comparatively ranked subject to criteria involving growth stability, sheet productivity, impurity effects, crystallinity, and solar cell results. The status of more rapid silicon ribbon growth techniques, such as horizontal ribbon growth and melt quenching, is also reviewed. The emphasis of the discussions is on examining the viability of these sheet materials as solar cell substrates for low-cost silicon photovoltaic systems.

Surek, T.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Sustainable Building Case Studies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Case Studies Case Studies Sustainable Building Case Studies October 4, 2013 - 4:58pm Addthis These case studies feature examples of sustainably designed buildings and facilities from Federal agencies and industry. High Performance Federal Buildings Database The High Performance Federal Buildings database presents a sampling of sustainable buildings projects in the Federal Government. This database taps into the existing U.S. Department of Energy High Performance Buildings database, showcasing only Federal case study examples. Third-Party Certification ENERGY STAR for Federal Agencies: A site that provides access to the ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager, the Federal High Performance Sustainable Buildings Checklist, and ENERGY STAR qualified products, and much more. Green Globes: A Web-based program from the Green Building Initiative for

239

Sustainable Building Case Studies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Case Studies Case Studies Sustainable Building Case Studies October 4, 2013 - 4:58pm Addthis These case studies feature examples of sustainably designed buildings and facilities from Federal agencies and industry. High Performance Federal Buildings Database The High Performance Federal Buildings database presents a sampling of sustainable buildings projects in the Federal Government. This database taps into the existing U.S. Department of Energy High Performance Buildings database, showcasing only Federal case study examples. Third-Party Certification ENERGY STAR for Federal Agencies: A site that provides access to the ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager, the Federal High Performance Sustainable Buildings Checklist, and ENERGY STAR qualified products, and much more. Green Globes: A Web-based program from the Green Building Initiative for

240

Spark ignited turbulent flame kernel growth. Annual report, January--December 1991  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An experimental study of the effect of spark power on the growth rate of spark-ignited flame kernels was conducted in a turbulent flow system at 1 atm, 300 K conditions. All measurements were made with premixed, propane-air at a fuel/air equivalence ratio of 0.93, with 0%, 8% or 14% dilution. Two flow conditions were studied: a low turbulence intensity case with a mean velocity of 1.25 m/sec and a turbulence intensity of 0.33 m/sec, and a high turbulence intensity case with a mean velocity of 1.04 m/sec and a turbulence intensity of 0.88 m/sec. The growth of the spark-ignited flame kernel was recorded over a time interval from 83 {mu}sec to 20 msec following the start of ignition using high speed laser shadowgraphy. In order to evaluate the effect of ignition spark power, tests were conducted with a long duration (ca 4 msec) inductive discharge ignition system with an average spark power of ca 14 watts and two short duration (ca 100 nsec) breakdown ignition systems with average spark powers of ca 6 {times} 10{sup 4} and ca 6 {times} 10{sup 5} watts. The results showed that increased spark power resulted in an increased growth rate, where the effect of short duration breakdown sparks was found to persist for times of the order of milliseconds. The effectiveness of increased spark power was found to be less at high turbulence and high dilution conditions. Increased spark power had a greater effect on the 0--5 mm burn time than on the 5--13 mm burn time, in part because of the effect of breakdown energy on the initial size of the flame kernel. And finally, when spark power was increased by shortening the spark duration while keeping the effective energy the same there was a significant increase in the misfire rate, however when the spark power was further increased by increasing the breakdown energy the misfire rate dropped to zero.

Santavicca, D.A.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Simple laws of urban growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By analysing the evolution of the street network of Greater London from the late 1700s to the present, we are able to shed light on the inner mechanisms that lie behind the growth of a city. First we define an object called a city as a spatial discontinuous phenomena, from clustering the density of street intersections. Second, we find that the city growth mechanisms can be described by two logistic laws, hence can be determined by a simple model of urban network growth in the presence of competition for limited space.

Masucci, Paolo; Batty, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Energy Efficiency Opportunities in Federal High Performance Computing Data Centers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Case study describes an outline of energy efficiency opportunities in federal high performance computing data centers.

243

Comparative study of GaN growth process by MOVPE  

SciTech Connect

A comparative study of two different MOVPE reactors used for GaN growth is presented. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was used to determine common gas phase and fluid flow behaviors within these reactors. This paper focuses on the common thermal fluid features of these two MOVPE reactors with different geometries and operating pressures that can grow device-quality GaN-based materials. The study clearly shows that several growth conditions must be achieved in order to grow high quality GaN materials. The high-temperature gas flow zone must be limited to a very thin flow sheet above the susceptor, while the bulk gas phase temperature must be very low to prevent extensive pre-deposition reactions. These conditions lead to higher growth rates and improved material quality. A certain range of gas flow velocity inside the high-temperature gas flow zone is also required in order to minimize the residence time and improve the growth uniformity. These conditions can be achieved by the use of either a novel reactor structure such as a two-flow approach or by specific flow conditions. The quantitative ranges of flow velocities, gas phase temperature, and residence time required in these reactors to achieve high quality material and uniform growth are given.

Sun, J.; Redwing, J.M.; Kuech, T.F.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Atomistic modeling of ultra-thin surface oxide growth on a ternary alloy : oxidation of Al-Ni-Fe.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By employing variable-charge molecular dynamics, surface oxide film growth on aluminum-nickel-iron alloys has been studied at 300 and 600 K. The dynamics of oxidation and oxide growth is strongly dependent on the composition of the initial alloy and the ambient temperature. Higher content of Ni and Fe in Al alloys is found to reduce the oxide growth kinetics; 15% Ni + 15% Fe Al alloy yielded 30-40% less growth at 400 ps oxygen exposure compared to pure Al. We observe dopant segregation, which disrupts the interaction between O atoms and Al atoms in the alloy, leading to a nonlinear oxide growth profile in the case of ternary Al-Ni-Fe alloy. Compared to oxidation at 300 K, 30% more oxide layer was yielded at 600 K, due to the elevated temperature. The simulated oxide kinetics indicates that the growth rate of anion surpasses the cation rate with higher sensitivity to the stoichiometry of the base metal substrate. Charge state analysis provides insights into the evolution of cation and anion species as the oxide layer grows. In particular, due to higher correlation, Fe shows a high rate of oxidation when the content is high, whereas the rate of Ni oxidation is consistently low. Density profile analysis suggests the segregation of dopant atoms below the growing ultrathin oxide layer, showing the presence of a layer-by-layer mode of oxide layer even with disordered structure. Coordination number (Z, the number of oxygen atoms around an aluminum atom) of aluminum oxide has been used to identify how the initial oxidation transitions into equilibrated states. Z = 3 is dominant in the early stages of oxidation and at the interface between oxide and bulk substrate, but it transitions quickly to Z = 4 (45%) and 5 (35%) as the oxide equilibrates and approaches its self-limiting thickness. Even though growth kinetics is dependent on the base metal stoichiometry, the composition of the oxide microstructure is not significantly affected, primarily segregating dopant elements, i.e., Ni and Fe outside of the oxide layer.

Byoungseon, J.; Sankaranarayanan, S. K. R. S.; Ramanathan, S. (Center for Nanoscale Materials); (Harvard Univ.)

2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

245

Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AEO2012 Early Release Rollout Presentation AEO2012 Early Release Rollout Presentation Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies John Hopkins University January 23, 2012 | Washington, DC Howard Gruenspecht, Acting Administrator Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Early Release Reference Case Key results from the AEO2012 Reference case, which assumes current laws remain unchanged 2 Howard Gruenspecht AEO2012, January 23, 2012 * Projected growth of energy use slows over the projection period reflecting an extended economic recovery and increasing energy efficiency in end-use applications * Domestic crude oil production increases, reaching levels not experienced since 1994 by 2020 * With modest economic growth, increased efficiency, growing domestic production, and continued adoption of nonpetroleum liquids, net

246

EEB HUB Case Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of improving energy efficiency in buildings and promoting regional economic growth and job creation. To achieve these goals, the Hub is establishing a program to provide...

247

Event:15th International Business Forum: Low Carbon High Growth...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

policy-makers and investors are invited to discuss their concepts and ideas in a public-private dialogue and jointly look for ways of scaling up innovative business solutions and...

248

Estimation of cell viability with high-resolution growth curves.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Fuel grade bioethanol is produced through distillation of a liquid product which comes from fermentation of the sugars constituting biomass (Petrou, 2009). However, fermentation of… (more)

Sousa Da Rocha, Sofia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Influence of High Temperature Elastic-Plastic Small Crack Growth ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

D.L. Anton, T. Khan, R.D. Kissinger, D.L. Klarstrom .... of some of the conditions is still present. This indicates that the global plasticity is. 1o-2. 1 o+ . q. 0. 0. II. 0.

250

Predicting Crack Growth Rate of Pipeline Steel in High Ph ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modeling Internal Corrosion Rates of Pipelines which Carry Wet or Dry Natural Gas · Modeling Oxidation-Limited Lifetime of Alumina- and Chromia-Forming ...

251

Green Growth Strategy Support | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search Name Green Growth Strategy Support AgencyCompany Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Brazilian Finance Ministry, EMBRAPA, FGV, Danish...

252

Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL- 58260 Cosmic Growth History andExpansion History Eric V. Linder Physics Division, LawrenceCalifornia. Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History Eric

Linder, Eric V.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the expansion history dark energy equation of state,and growth history constraints on the dark energy equationand growth history constraints on the dark energy equation

Linder, Eric V.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

III-V Growth on Silicon Toward a Multijunction Cell  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A III-V on Si multijunction solar cell promises high efficiency at relatively low cost. The challenges to epitaxial growth of high-quality III-Vs on Si, though, are extensive. Lattice-matched (LM) dilute-nitride GaNPAs solar cells have been grown on Si, but their performance is limited by defects related to the nitrogen. Advances in the growth of lattice-mismatched (LMM) materials make more traditional III-Vs, such as GaInP and GaAsP, very attractive for use in multijunction solar cells on silicon.

Geisz, J.; Olson, J.; McMahon, W.; Friedman, D.; Kibbler, A.; Kramer, C.; Young, M.; Duda, A.; Ward, S.; Ptak, A.; Kurtz, S.; Wanlass, M.; Ahrenkiel, P.; Jiang, C. S.; Moutinho, H.; Norman, A.; Jones, K.; Romero, M.; Reedy, B.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Monitoring and repairing geothermal casing cement: a case history  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A manmade geothermal reservoir has been created by drilling a deep hole into relatively impermeable hot rocks, creating a large surface area for heat transfer by hydraulic fracturing, then drilling a second hole to intersect the fracture to complete the closed circulation loop. A second generation system, presently being drilled, will entail creating multiple, parallel, vertical fractures between a pair of inclined boreholes. The original completion of injection Hole EE-1, consisting of a conventional high-temperature formulation of Class B portland cement, stabilized with 40% silica sand, did not withstand the cyclic stresses, and rapid deterioration of casing-to-cement and cement-to-formation bonds occurred, which allowed significant flow in the resulting microannulus. The performance history of the casing cement for the existing HDR EE-1 injection well, the subsequent remedial cementing program, the cement bond logs, and the radioactive isotope tracer injections tests, used to monitor the condition of the casing cement is described. (MHR)

Pettitt, R.A.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Green Growth in Motion: Sharing Korea's Experience | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Growth in Motion: Sharing Korea's Experience Green Growth in Motion: Sharing Korea's Experience Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Green Growth in Motion: Sharing Korea's Experience Agency/Company /Organization: Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Sector: Climate Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Economic Development, People and Policy Topics: Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment Resource Type: Case studies/examples Website: www.gggi.org/sites/www.gggi.org/files/research/GreenGrowthInMotion.pdf Country: South Korea Cost: Free Eastern Asia Coordinates: 35.907757°, 127.766922° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.907757,"lon":127.766922,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

257

MIX and Instability Growth from Oblique Shock  

SciTech Connect

We have studied the formation and evolution of shock-induced mix resulting from interface features in a divergent cylindrical geometry. In this research a cylindrical core of high-explosive was detonated to create an oblique shock wave and accelerate the interface. The interfaces studied were between the high-explosive/aluminum, aluminum/plastic, and finally plastic/air. Pre-emplaced surface features added to the aluminum were used to modify this interface. Time sequence radiographic imaging quantified the resulting instability formation from the growth phase to over 60 {micro}s post-detonation. Thus allowing the study of the onset of mix and evolution to turbulence. The plastic used here was porous polyethylene. Radiographic image data are compared with numerical simulations of the experiments.

Molitoris, J D; Batteux, J D; Garza, R G; Tringe, J W; Souers, P C; Forbes, J W

2011-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

258

Tools & Resources: Case Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Case Studies Case Studies Find out more about how energy efficiency upgrade programs across the United States are using innovative financing mechanisms, high-demand promotions, tailored contractor training, and more to drive the number of building upgrades through a holistic, whole-home approach. Use the lessons they learned to accelerate your own program's journey to success. The case studies below provide extensive, beneficial insight from Better Buildings Neighborhood Program partners and others on the topics of: Driving Demand Financing Service Delivery Workforce Development. Topic Title Description Program Featured Sector Source Year Service Delivery Best Offer Ever Produces Upgrades in Record Time Provides examples of lessons learned through the implementation and monitoring of Austin Energy's Best Offer Ever promotion. The promotional offer generated a record number of home upgrades in just six months.

259

Nanoporous films for epitaxial growth of single crystal semiconductor materials : final LDRD report.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This senior council Tier 1 LDRD was focused on exploring the use of porous growth masks as a method for defect reduction during heteroepitaxial crystal growth. Initially our goal was to investigate porous silica as a growth mask, however, we expanded the scope of the research to include several other porous growth masks on various size scales, including mesoporous carbon, photolithographically patterned SU-8 and carbonized SU-8 structures. Use of photolithographically defined growth templates represents a new direction, unique in the extensive literature of patterned epitaxial growth, and presents the possibility of providing a single step growth mask. Additional research included investigation of pore viability via electrochemical deposition into high aspect ratio photoresist. This project was a small footprint research effort which, nonetheless, produced significant progress towards both the stated goal as well as unanticipated research directions.

Rowen, Adam M.; Koleske, Daniel David; Fan, Hongyou; Brinker, C. Jeffrey; Burckel, David Bruce; Williams, John Dalton; Arrington, Christian L.; Steen, William Arthur

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Rural Public Pension and Endogenous Growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Employing an endogenous growth model, this paper investigates China’s rural public pension system. We examine the effects of the policy variables on the labor income growth, population growth, etc. The positive effect of the basic benefit rate ... Keywords: rural area, public pension, endogenous growth

Zaigui Yang

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

In today's highly competitive marketplace,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

today's highly competitive marketplace, rapid creation today's highly competitive marketplace, rapid creation and commercialization of scientific advances and innovative technologies are key to the continued prosperity of the United States. Scientists and engineers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) have achieved numerous science and technology breakthroughs that have led to new industries, spurred economic growth and benefited the national welfare.

262

Digital electronic bone growth stimulator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device is described for stimulating bone tissue by applying a low level alternating current signal directly to the patient`s skin. A crystal oscillator, a binary divider chain and digital logic gates are used to generate the desired waveforms that reproduce the natural electrical characteristics found in bone tissue needed for stimulating bone growth and treating osteoporosis. The device, powered by a battery, contains a switch allowing selection of the correct waveform for bone growth stimulation or osteoporosis treatment so that, when attached to the skin of the patient using standard skin contact electrodes, the correct signal is communicated to the underlying bone structures. 5 figs.

Kronberg, J.W.

1995-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

263

Digital electronic bone growth stimulator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device for stimulating bone tissue by applying a low level alternating current signal directly to the patient's skin. A crystal oscillator, a binary divider chain and digital logic gates are used to generate the desired waveforms that reproduce the natural electrical characteristics found in bone tissue needed for stimulating bone growth and treating osteoporosis. The device, powered by a battery, contains a switch allowing selection of the correct waveform for bone growth stimulation or osteoporosis treatment so that, when attached to the skin of the patient using standard skin contact electrodes, the correct signal is communicated to the underlying bone structures.

Kronberg, James W. (Aiken, SC)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Nonlinear structural crack growth monitoring  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for the detection, through nonlinear manipulation of data, of an indicator of imminent failure due to crack growth in structural elements. The method is a process of determining energy consumption due to crack growth and correlating the energy consumption with physical phenomena indicative of a failure event. The apparatus includes sensors for sensing physical data factors, processors or the like for computing a relationship between the physical data factors and phenomena indicative of the failure event, and apparatus for providing notification of the characteristics and extent of such phenomena.

Welch, Donald E. (Oak Ridge, TN); Hively, Lee M. (Philadelphia, TN); Holdaway, Ray F. (Clinton, TN)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Developing Optimal Growth Parameters for the Green Microalgae Nannochloris oculata and the Diatom Nitzschia sp. for Large scale Raceway Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microalgae produce large quantities of lipids that can be used for biofuel feedstock. The goal of this project was to determine the effect of several engineering and management parameters on the productivity of microalgae cultivated in large, outdoor facilities. The specific objectives were focused on the effects of inoculation ratios; the effects of light, temperature, and culture depth on growth; and the minimum circulation velocity necessary to maintain growth and minimize settling in open ponds. Microalgae must first be cultured in smaller quantities before the raceway is inoculated for optimized growth. Concentration ratios are defined as the ratio of the volume of microalgae inoculum to the volume of new growth media. The microalgae species used was Nannochloris oculata (UTEX #LB 1998). Inoculation ratios studied varied from 1:1 to 1:32 and were grown in 500 mL Erlenmeyer flasks. The study found that 1:16 and 1:32 were too dilute, while the 1:8 concentration had the largest growth rate. Determination of the effects of temperature, light intensity, and cultivation depth is critical to maintaining healthy cultures. Excess light intensity can result in photoinhibition and temperatures above the maximum growing tolerance can have detrimental effects. These factors can affect growth and evidence suggests an interaction that exacerbates these effects. In an outdoor culture there are few practical control variables other than pond depth. As cultivation depth increases, the algae undergo "selfshading" and the increased cultivation volume hinders temperature changes. Scaled raceway ponds were maintained at 10.16 cm (4 inch) and 13.97 cm (5.5 inch) depths. The species used was Nannochloris oculata and it was found to grow best at 785 micromol m?² s?¹m^-2 s^-1, 20°C, and 10.16 cm. Diatoms are attractive because of high growth rates, faster lipid production, and greater cell density. The latter promotes rapid settling once mixing has stopped. Because of the silica cell wall composition, diatoms are believed to be more susceptible to shear forces which can result in lysis. Determining the natural settling rate to the minimum channel velocity relationship in cultivation ponds was the objective. No flocculants/coagulants were added which created a case of "natural" settling. Four pennate Nitzschia sp. and one centric diatom were tested in a jar tester. There was no significant difference in settling times between the species. The mean settling time was 4.55 cm min?¹ and the minimum channel velocity was determined to be 10.12 cm min?¹.

Luedecke, Phillip Ryan

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

In Case of Emergency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In Case of Emergency In Case of Emergency Print FirePolice Emergency: ext. 7911 Cell phone or off-site: 510-486-7911 When dialing from off-site, the following numbers need to be...

267

Total factor productivity growth in Uganda's telecommunications industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The telecommunication sector is usually thought to be characterized by high productivity growth rates arising from increasing returns to scale. The actual productivity patterns in the sector, however, need to be empirically determined. A panel data set ... Keywords: Data envelopment analysis, Malmquist, Telecommunications, Total factor productivity

Eria Hisali; Bruno Yawe

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Characterization of secondary phases in modified vertical bridgman growth czt  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CdZnTe or 'CZT' crystals are highly suitable for use as a room temperature based spectrometer for the detection and characterization of gamma radiation. Over the last decade, the methods for growing high quality CZT have improved the quality of the produced crystals however there are material features that can influence the performance of these materials as radiation detectors. For example, various structural heterogeneities within the CZT crystals, such as twinning, pipes, grain boundaries (polycrystallinity), and secondary phases (SP) can have a negative impact on the detector performance. In this study, a CZT material was grown by the modified vertical Bridgman growth (MVB) method with zone leveled growth without excess Te in the melt. Visual observations of material from the growth of this material revealed significant voids and SP. Three samples from this material was analyzed using various analytical techniques to evaluate its electrical properties, purity and detector performance as radiation spectrometers and to determine the morphology, dimension and elemental/structural composition of one of the SP in this material. This material was found to have a high resistivity but poor radiation spectrometer performance. It had SP that were rich in polycrystalline aluminum oxide (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}), metallic Te and polycrystalline CdZnTe and 15 to 50 {micro}m in diameter. Bulk elemental analyses of sister material from elsewhere in the boule did not contain high levels of Al so there is considerable elemental impurity heterogeneity within the boule from this growth.

Duff, Martine

2009-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

269

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Early Release Reference Case Early Release Reference Case AEO2013 Early Release Rollout Presentation Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies Johns Hopkins University December 5, 2012 | Washington, D.C. by Adam Sieminski, Administrator Key results from the AEO2013 Reference case: 2 * Growth in energy production outstrips consumption growth * Crude oil production, particularly from tight oil plays, rises sharply over the next decade * Natural gas production is higher throughout the Reference case projection than it was in AEO2012, serving the industrial and power sectors and an expanding export market * Motor gasoline consumption reflects the introduction of more stringent fuel economy standards, while diesel fuel consumption is moderated by increased natural gas use in heavy-duty vehicles

270

Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California Title Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High Penetration Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California Publication Type...

271

Linear Fluctuation Growth during Frontogenesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Near-surface, two-dimensional (2D) baroclinic frontogenesis induced by a barotropic deformation flow enhances the growth of three-dimensional (3D) fluctuations that occur on an ever smaller scale as the front progressively sharpens. The 3D ...

James C. McWilliams; M. J. Molemaker; E. I. Olafsdottir

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Ellipsometry of anodic film growth  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An automated computer interpretation of ellisometer measurements of anodic film growth was developed. Continuous mass and charge balances were used to utilize more fully the time dependence of the ellipsometer data and the current and potential measurements. A multiple-film model was used to characterize the growth of films which proceeds via a dissolution--precipitation mechanism; the model also applies to film growth by adsorption and nucleation mechanisms. The characteristic parameters for film growth describe homogeneous and heterogeneous crystallization rates, film porosities and degree of hydration, and the supersaturation of ionic species in the electrolyte. Additional descriptions which may be chosen are patchwise film formation, nonstoichiometry of the anodic film, and statistical variations in the size and orientation of secondary crystals. Theories were developed to describe the optical effects of these processes. An automatic, self-compensating ellipsometer was used to study the growth in alkaline solution of anodic films on silver, cadmium, and zinc. Mass-transport conditions included stagnant electrolyte and forced convection in a flow channel. Multiple films were needed to characterize the optical properties of these films. Anodic films grew from an electrolyte supersatuated in the solution-phase dissolution product. The degree of supersaturation depended on transport conditions and had a major effect on the structure of the film. Anodic reaction rates were limited by the transport of charge carriers through a primary surface layer. The primary layers on silver, zinc, and cadmium all appeared to be nonstoichiometric, containing excess metal. Diffusion coefficients, transference numbers, and the free energy of adsorption of zinc oxide were derived from ellipsometer measurements. 97 figures, 13 tables, 198 references.

Smith, C.G.

1978-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Nucleation and Growth of Atmospheric Particles  

SciTech Connect

New particle formation (NPF) in the atmospheric is a two-step process: Nucleation leads to the birth of stable nuclei that subsequently grow to sizes that can be detected and affect the atmosphere’s radiative properties. Our group is studying both of these processes. Our nucleation research is largely supported by NSF and involves measurements of neutral molecular clusters formed by nucleation with a new custom-designed mass spectrometer (the Cluster-CIMS) and measurements of nanoparticle size distributions as small as 1 nm with a new aerosol spectrometer (the DEG SMPS). These measurements are providing new insights into aspects of cluster behavior that affect nucleation rates. The U.S. DOE supports our research on nanoparticle growth rates. This research couples physical and chemical measurements of aerosol properties and behavior. The TDCIMS, which enables real-time measurements of composition for freshly nucleated particles as small as 8 nm and was developed with support from DOE, is the most important tool in this work. Our most important discoveries about processes that affect growth rates are summarized in a recent PNAS article (doi:10.1073/pnas.0912127107). In short, this work has shown that alkylammonium-carboxylate salts, formed, for example, by reactions between amines and carboxylic acids, account for 20–50% of the mass of freshly nucleated particles in locations that include Atlanta, Mexico City, Boulder, and Hyytiälä, while sulfates account for only about 10%. These newly discovered compounds help to explain the high growth rates of freshly nucleated particles that have been observed around the globe and help to explain why nucleation is an important atmospheric process, not just a scientific curiosity. Our poster will provide an overview of this work.

McMurry, P.; Kuang, C.; Barsanti, K.; Eisele, F.; Friedli, H.; Scheckman, J.; Titcombe, M.; Williams, B.; Zhao, J.; Smith, J.

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

274

EIA Report Estimates Growth of U.S. Energy Economy Through 2040 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EIA Report Estimates Growth of U.S. Energy Economy Through 2040 EIA Report Estimates Growth of U.S. Energy Economy Through 2040 EIA Report Estimates Growth of U.S. Energy Economy Through 2040 December 5, 2012 - 3:43pm Addthis EIA Report Estimates Growth of U.S. Energy Economy Through 2040 Matthew Loveless Matthew Loveless Data Integration Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? Crude oil, natural gas and renewable energy production are expected to grow rapidly. Net energy imports are expected to decline, as production grows faster than consumption. Editor's Note: This article was originally posted as part of the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Today in Energy series. EIA has just issued its Annual Energy Outlook 2013 (AEO2013) Reference case, which highlights a growth in total U.S. energy production that

275

Plasmon-enhanced photocathode for high brightness and high repetition rate x-ray sources  

SciTech Connect

High brightness electron sources are at the heart of anew generation of x-ray sources based on the Free ElectronLaser (FEL) as well as in Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) and Inverse Compton Scattering (ICS) sources.The source of electrons consists of a photoinjector, comprised of a laser-driven photocathode in a high gradient electric field produced by an rf cavity. The function of the rf cavity is to provide a field sufficient for acceleration of electrons to relativistic velocity over a small distance, thus minimizing effects of the space-charge. Even so, the dense electron beam required for high brightness suffers from a space charge field that chirps and reshapes the electron pulse increasing beam emittance and thus reducing the overall brightness. This emittance growth can be avoided if the initial distribution of electrons is pancake shaped, with a semicircular transverse intensity profile. In this case, the electron distribution develops under its space charge field from a pancake into a uniformly filled ellipsoidal beam. This condition, referred to as the blowout regime, requires ultrashort pulses less than 100 fs long and has been successfully demonstrated recently in a high gradient photoinjector.

Polyakov, Aleksandr; Senft, Christoph; Thompson, K. F.; Feng, J.; Cabrini, S.; Schuck, P. J.; Padmore, Howard; Peppernick, Samuel J.; Hess, Wayne P.

2013-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

276

Constraining Galileon gravity from observational data with growth rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We studied the cosmological constraints on the Galileon gravity obtained from observational data of the growth rate of matter density perturbations, the supernovae Ia (SN Ia), the cosmic microwave background (CMB), and baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO). For the same value of the energy density parameter of matter $\\Omega_{m,0}$, the growth rate $f$ in Galileon models is enhanced, relative to the $\\Lambda$CDM case, because of an increase in Newton's constant. The smaller $\\Omega_{m,0}$ is, the more growth rate is suppressed. Therefore, the best fit value of $\\Omega_{m,0}$ in the Galileon model, based only the growth rate data, is quite small. This is incompatible with the value of $\\Omega_{m,0}$ obtained from the combination of SN Ia, CMB, and BAO data. On the other hand, in the $\\Lambda$CDM model, the values of $\\Omega_{m,0}$ obtained from different observational data sets are consistent. In the analysis of this paper, we found that the Galileon model is less compatible with observations than the $\\Lambda$CDM model. This result seems to be qualitatively the same in most of the generalized Galileon models in which Newton's constant is enhanced.

Koichi Hirano; Zen Komiya; Hisato Shirai

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

277

Breakthrough in Nanocrystals' Growth | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Next Step to Drought-Resistant Plants? Next Step to Drought-Resistant Plants? A Boring Material "Stretched" Could Lead to an Electronics Revolution At the Crossroads of Chromosomes Unveiling the Structure of Adenovirus Making Silicon Melt in Reverse Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Breakthrough in Nanocrystals' Growth OCTOBER 22, 2010 Bookmark and Share Silver nanoplates decorated with silver oxy salt nanoparticles along the edges. These nanostructures were grown under irradiation of high-energy x-rays from the APS, which allowed scientists to "watch' them grow in real time. The image is from a scanning electron microscope at the Argonne EMC. Research at the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Photon Source (APS),

278

Cadmium zinc sulfide by solution growth  

SciTech Connect

A process for depositing thin layers of a II-VI compound cadmium zinc sulfide (CdZnS) by an aqueous solution growth technique with quality suitable for high efficiency photovoltaic or other devices which can benefit from the band edge shift resulting from the inclusion of Zn in the sulfide. A first solution comprising CdCl.sub.2 2.5H.sub.2 O, NH.sub.4 Cl, NH.sub.4 OH and ZnCl.sub.2, and a second solution comprising thiourea ((NH.sub.2).sub.2 CS) are combined and placed in a deposition cell, along with a substrate to form a thin i.e. 10 nm film of CdZnS on the substrate. This process can be sequentially repeated with to achieve deposition of independent multiple layers having different Zn concentrations.

Chen, Wen S. (Seattle, WA)

1992-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

279

A Case for Climate Neutrality: Case Studies on Moving Towards...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Case for Climate Neutrality: Case Studies on Moving Towards a Low Carbon Economy Jump to: navigation, search Logo: A Case for Climate Neutrality: Case Studies on Moving Towards a...

280

Predicting growth fluctuation in network economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study presents a method to predict the growth fluctuation of firms interdependent in a network economy. The risk of downward growth fluctuation of firms is calculated from the statistics on Japanese industry.

Maeno, Yoshiharu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Design, discovery and growth of novel materials  

SciTech Connect

This editorial introduces the special issue on design, discovery, and growth of novel materials. The papers of this special issue review and reveal technical details of of how specific growths are developed and implemented.

Canfield, Paul

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

282

Standard Bullets and Casings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Figure 2. On the left, a NIST SRM 2461 ... Case mounted on a brass cylinder holder; right, optical micrograph ... the data are in ASCII tab delimited format ...

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

283

OSCARS Case Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Feedback: info@es.net OSCARS Case Study OSCARS Virtual Circuits Extend JGI Network Capacity The Challenge In February 2010, the Joint Genome Institute (JGI) at Lawrence Berkeley...

284

Systems Level Regulation of Rhythmic Growth Rate and Biomass Accumulation in Grasses  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Several breakthroughs have been recently made in our understanding of plant growth and biomass accumulation. It was found that plant growth is rhythmically controlled throughout the day by the circadian clock through a complex interplay of light and phytohormone signaling pathways. While plants such as the C4 energy crop sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) and possibly the C3 grass (Brachypodium distachyon) also exhibit daily rhythms in growth rate, the molecular details of its regulation remain to be explored. A better understanding of diurnally regulated growth behavior in grasses may lead to species-specific mechanisms highly relevant to future strategies to optimize energy crop biomass yield. Here we propose to devise a systems approach to identify, in parallel, regulatory hubs associated with rhythmic growth in C3 and C4 plants. We propose to use rhythmicity in daily growth patterns to drive the discovery of regulatory network modules controlling biomass accumulation.

Kay, Steve A. [University of California San Diego

2013-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

285

Theory, Growth, Characterization, and Device Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Growth of semiconductor heterostructures, including multilayers, superlattices, quantum wells, quantum wires, and quantum dots by vapor phase transport, ...

286

Dendrite Growth Prevention Technology for Lithium Metal ...  

Search PNNL. PNNL Home; About; Research; Publications; Jobs; News; Contacts; Dendrite Growth Prevention Technology for Lithium Metal Batteries. ...

287

Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria for Phytostabilization of Mine Tailings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Eolian dispersion of mine tailings in arid and semiarid environments is an emerging global issue for which economical remediation alternatives are needed. Phytostabilization, the revegetation of these sites with native plants, is one such alternative. Revegetation often requires the addition of bulky amendments such as compost which greatly increases cost. We report the use of plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) to enhance the revegetation of mine tailings and minimize the need for compost amendment. Twenty promising PGPB isolates were used as seed inoculants in a series of greenhouse studies to examine revegetation of an extremely acidic, high metal content tailings sample previously shown to require 15% compost amendment for normal plant growth. Several isolates significantly enhanced growth of two native species, quailbush and buffalo grass, in tailings. In this study, PGPB/compost outcomes were plant specific; for quailbush, PGPB were most effective in combination with 10% compost addition while for buffalo grass, PGPB enhanced growth in the complete absence of compost. Results indicate that selected PGPB can improve plant establishment and reduce the need for compost amendment. Further, PGPB activities necessary for aiding plant growth in mine tailings likely include tolerance to acidic pH and metals.

Grandlic, C.J.; Mendez, M.O.; Chorover, J.; Machado, B.; Maier, R.M.

2009-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

288

Real-time optical diagnostics of graphene growth induced by pulsed chemical vapor deposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The kinetics and mechanisms of graphene growth on Ni films at 720 -880 C have been measured using fast pulses of acetylene and real-time optical diagnostics. In situ UV-Raman spectroscopy was used to unambiguously detect isothermal graphene growth at high temperatures, measure the growth kinetics with ~ 1s temporal resolution, and estimate the fractional precipitation upon cooldown for the first time. Optical reflectivity and videography provided much faster temporal resolution. Both the growth kinetics and the fractional isothermal precipitation were found to be governed by the C2H2 partial pressure in the CVD pulse for a given film thickness and temperature, with up to ~ 94% of graphene growth occurring isothermally within 1 second at 800 C at high partial pressures. At lower partial pressures, isothermal graphene growth is shown to continue 10 seconds after the gas pulse. These flux-dependent growth kinetics are described in the context of a dissolution/precipitation model, where carbon rapidly dissolves into the Ni film and later precipitates driven by gradients in the chemical potential. The combination of pulsed-CVD and real-time optical diagnostics opens new opportunities to understand and control the fast, sub-second growth of graphene on various substrates at high temperatures.

Puretzky, Alexander A [ORNL; Geohegan, David B [ORNL; Pannala, Sreekanth [ORNL; Rouleau, Christopher M [ORNL; Regmi, Murari [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Thonnard, Norbert [ORNL; Eres, Gyula [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

High School  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High School Please click on the title for more information about each program. Nano*High Nano High Saturday presentations for Bay Area high school students Science Bowl Science...

290

Effect of Electronic Excitation on Thin Film Growth  

SciTech Connect

The effect of nanosecond pulsed laser excitation on surface diffusion during growth of Ge on Si(100) at 250 degrees C was studied. In Situ reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED) was used to measure the surface diffusion coefficient while ex situ atomic force microscopy (AFM) was used to probe the structure and morphology of the grown quantum dots. The results show that laser excitation of the substrate increases the surface diffusion during growth of Ge on Si(100), changes the growth morphology, improves crystalline structure of the grown quantum dots, and decreases their size distribution. A purely electronic mechanism of enhanced surface diffusion of the deposited Ge is proposed. Ge quantum dots were grown on Si(100)-(2x1) by pulsed laser deposition at various substrate temperatures using a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser. In-situ reflection high-energy electron diffraction and ex-situ atomic force microscopy were used to analyze the fim structure and morphology. The morphology of germanium islands on silicon was studied at differect coverages. The results show that femtosecond pulsed laser depositon reduces the minimum temperature for epitaxial growth of Ge quantum dots to ~280 degrees C, which is 120 degrees C lower then previously observed in nanosecond pulsed laser deposition and more than 200 degrees C lower than that reported for molecular beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition.

Elsayed-Ali, Hani E. [Old Dominion University

2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

291

Green Growth Planning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Planning Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Green Growth Planning Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis, Technology characterizations Website http://www.gggi.org/project/ma Program Start 2011 Program End 2016 Country Cambodia, Ethiopia, Jordan, Peru, Thailand South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Africa, Western Asia, South America, South-Eastern Asia References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Cambodia Green Growth Planning[2] Overview "GGGI supports emerging and developing countries that seek to develop rigorous green growth economic development strategies. It does so by

292

Essays on predictability of emerging markets growth and financial performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Growth in Emerging Markets: Information Financialof Growth in Emerging Markets: Information in Financialof Growth in Emerging Markets: Information in Financial

Banegas, Maria Ayelen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Plenum type crystal growth chamber  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Crystals are grown in a tank which is divided by a baffle into a crystal growth region above the baffle and a plenum region below the baffle. A turbine blade or stirring wheel is positioned in a turbine tube which extends through the baffle to generate a flow of solution from the crystal growing region to the plenum region. The solution is pressurized as it flows into the plenum region. The pressurized solution flows back to the crystal growing region through return flow tubes extending through the baffle. Growing crystals are positioned near the ends of the return flow tubes to receive a direct flow of solution.

Montgomery, K.E.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

294

A sequential growth dynamics for a directed acyclic dyadic graph  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A model of discrete spacetime on a microscopic level is considered. It is a directed acyclic dyadic graph. This is the particular case of a causal set. The goal of this model is to describe particles as some repetitive symmetrical self-organized structures of the graph without any reference to continuous spacetime. The dynamics of the model is considered. This dynamics is stochastic sequential additions of new vertexes. Growth of the graph is a Markovian process. This dynamics is a consequence of a causality principle.

Alexey L. Krugly

2011-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

295

Bubble confinement in flow boiling of FC-72 in a ''rectangular'' microchannel of high aspect ratio  

SciTech Connect

Boiling in microchannels remains elusive due to the lack of full understanding of the mechanisms involved. A powerful tool in achieving better comprehension of the mechanisms is detailed imaging and analysis of the two-phase flow at a fundamental level. Boiling is induced in a single microchannel geometry (hydraulic diameter 727 {mu}m), using a refrigerant FC-72, to investigate the effect of channel confinement on bubble growth. A transparent, metallic, conductive deposit has been developed on the exterior of the rectangular microchannel, allowing simultaneous uniform heating and visualisation to be achieved. The data presented in this paper is for a particular case with a uniform heat flux applied to the microchannel and inlet liquid mass flowrate held constant. In conjunction with obtaining high-speed images and videos, sensitive pressure sensors are used to record the pressure drop across the microchannel over time. Bubble nucleation and growth, as well as periodic slug flow, are observed in the microchannel test section. The periodic pressure fluctuations evidenced across the microchannel are caused by the bubble dynamics and instances of vapour blockage during confined bubble growth in the channel. The variation of the aspect ratio and the interface velocities of the growing vapour slug over time, are all observed and analysed. We follow visually the nucleation and subsequent both 'free' and 'confined' growth of a vapour bubble during flow boiling of FC-72 in a microchannel, from analysis of our results, images and video sequences with the corresponding pressure data obtained. (author)

Barber, Jacqueline [School of Engineering, University of Edinburgh, The King's Buildings, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh, EH9 3JL (United Kingdom); Aix-Marseille Universite (UI, UII) - CNRS Laboratoire IUSTI, UMR 6595, 5 Rue Enrico Fermi, Marseille 13453 (France); Brutin, David; Tadrist, Lounes [Aix-Marseille Universite (UI, UII) - CNRS Laboratoire IUSTI, UMR 6595, 5 Rue Enrico Fermi, Marseille 13453 (France); Sefiane, Khellil [School of Engineering, University of Edinburgh, The King's Buildings, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh, EH9 3JL (United Kingdom)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

296

Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of these highly conducting and transparent electrodes in flexible, stretchable, foldable electronics8,9 . Graphene growth provides high-quality multilayer graphene samples interacting strongly with their substrates method to grow and transfer high-quality stretchable graphene films on a large scale using CVD on nickel

Kim, Philip

297

A Theoretical Insight into the Catalytic Effect of a Mixed-Metal Oxide at the Nanometer Level: The Case of the Highly Active metal/CeOx/TiO2 (110) Catalysts  

SciTech Connect

The structural and electronic properties of CeO{sub x} species supported on the rutile TiO{sub 2}(110) surface have been examined by means of periodic density-functional calculations that use a generalized gradient approximation functional including a Hubbard-like type correction. Deposition of Ce atoms leads in a first step to Ce{sup 3+} ions bound to the surface through bridge and in-plane oxygen atoms, the released electrons occupying the Ti 3d empty orbitals. Further addition of Ce and molecular oxygen gives place to Ce{sub 2}O{sub 3} dimers diagonally arranged on the surface, in agreement with the spots observed in the scanning tunnel microscope images. The formation process of CeO{sub x} nanoparticles (NPs) on the TiO{sub 2} surface is highly exothermic and our calculations show that the redox properties of the Ce(III)-Ce(IV) couple are significantly altered when it is supported on TiO{sub 2}. In particular the reactivity against CO/O{sub 2} indicates that on the surface the presence of Ce(III) is favored over Ce(IV) species. Our results also indicate that the CeO{sub x}/TiO{sub 2} interface should be seen like a real mixed-metal oxide rather than a supported NP of ceria. Finally, in the context of the high catalytic activity of the M/CeO{sub x}/TiO{sub 2} (M = Au,Cu,Pt) systems in the water-gas shift reaction, we have examined the dissociation of water on the CeO{sub x}/TiO{sub 2} surface and estimated a barrier as small as 0.04 eV, i.e. {approx}8 times smaller than that computed for a TiO{sub 2} oxygen vacancy. This result agrees with the experimental superior catalytic activity of the M/CeO{sub x}/TiO{sub 2} systems over M/TiO{sub 2}.

Rodriguez, J.A.; Graciani, J.; Plata, J.J.; Sanz, J.F.; Liu, P.

2010-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

298

Apparatus for monitoring crystal growth  

SciTech Connect

A system and method are disclosed for monitoring the growth of a crystalline body from a liquid meniscus in a furnace. The system provides an improved human/machine interface so as to reduce operator stress, strain and fatigue while improving the conditions for observation and control of the growing process. The system comprises suitable optics for forming an image of the meniscus and body wherein the image is anamorphic so that the entire meniscus can be viewed with good resolution in both the width and height dimensions. The system also comprises a video display for displaying the anamorphic image. The video display includes means for enhancing the contrast between any two contrasting points in the image. The video display also comprises a signal averager for averaging the intensity of at least one preselected portions of the image. The value of the average intensity, can in turn be utilized to control the growth of the body. The system and method are also capable of observing and monitoring multiple processes.

Sachs, Emanual M. (Watertown, MA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Method of monitoring crystal growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method are disclosed for monitoring the growth of a crystalline body from a liquid meniscus in a furnace. The system provides an improved human/machine interface so as to reduce operator stress, strain and fatigue while improving the conditions for observation and control of the growing process. The system comprises suitable optics for forming an image of the meniscus and body wherein the image is anamorphic so that the entire meniscus can be viewed with good resolution in both the width and height dimensions. The system also comprises a video display for displaying the anamorphic image. The video display includes means for enhancing the contrast between any two contrasting points in the image. The video display also comprises a signal averager for averaging the intensity of at least one preselected portions of the image. The value of the average intensity, can in turn be utilized to control the growth of the body. The system and method are also capable of observing and monitoring multiple processes.

Sachs, Emanual M. (Watertown, MA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Export Rebate and Export Performance: From the Respect of China's Economic Growth Relying on Export  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the yearly increase of export proportion in China's economy, China's economic growth is relying more and more on export. In the current case of weak external demand, Exports plays an important role in the stability of China's future economic development. ... Keywords: export dependence, marginal propensity to export, export rebate

Chen Xie; Zhuowan Liu; Lili Liu; Lin Zhang; Yuan Fang; Lanxiang Zhao

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

THE NEXUS BETWEEN ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN OECD COUNTRIES: A DECOMPOSITION ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In the case of China for the period 1978 to 2008, Fang (2011) finds that a 1% increase in renewable energy the impacts of renewable and non-renewable energy consumption on economic activities to find out whether economic growth benefits from substituting renewable energy for non-renewable energy sources. Empirical

302

Geothermal energy well casing seal  

SciTech Connect

A geothermal energy transfer and utilization system makes use of thermal energy stored in hot solute-bearing well water to generate super-heated steam from an injected flow of clean water. The super-heated steam is then used for operating a turbine-driven pump at the well bottom for pumping the hot solute-bearing water at high pressure and in liquid state to the earth's surface, where it is used by transfer of its heat to a closed-loop steam generator-turbine-alternator combination for the beneficial generation of electrical or other power. Residual concentrated solute-bearing water is pumped back into the earth. The clean cooled water regenerated at the surface-located system is returned to the deep well pumping system also for lubrication of a fluid bearing arrangement supporting the turbine-driven pump system. The deep well pump system is supported within the well casing pipe from the earth's surface by the turbine exhaust steam conduit. In view of differential expansion effects on the relative lengths of the casing pipe and the exhaust steam conduit, a novel flexible seal is provided between the suspended turbine-pump system and the well pipe casing. 9 claims, 2 drawing figures.

Matthews, H.B.

1976-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

303

Analysis of kicker noise induced beam emittance growth  

SciTech Connect

Over the last few years, physicists have occasionally observed the presence of noise acting on the RHIC beams leading to emittance growth at high beam energies. While the noise was sporadic in the past, it became persistent during the Run-11 setup period. An investigation diagnosed the source as originating from the RHIC dump kicker system. Once identified the issue was quickly resolved. We report in this paper the investigation result, circuit analysis, measured and simulated waveforms, solutions, and future plans.

Zhang W.; Sandberg, J.; Ahrens, L.; Blacker, I.M.; Brennan, M.; Blaskiewicz, M.; Fischer, W.; Hahn, H.; Huang, H.; Kling, N.; Lafky, M.; Marr, G.; Mernick, K.; Mi, J.; Minty, M.; Naylor, C.; Roser, T.; Shrey, T.; van Kuik, B.; Zelenski, A.

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

304

Case No. VBU-0016  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

16 16 September 15, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal Name of Petitioner:Gary Roybal Date of Filing:June 23, 1999 Case Number:VBU-0016 On October 6, 1998, Gary Roybal (Roybal) filed a complaint under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, codified at 10 C.F.R. Part 708. The regulations governing the program were revised in a new interim final rule that took effect on April 14, 1999. Along with other procedural changes, the interim final rule reassigned the investigative function to the Office of Hearings and Appeals. All of the pending whistleblower cases in the investigative stage, including Roybal's case, were then transferred to OHA. The OHA investigator assigned to the case dismissed Roybal's complaint on June 11, 1999. On June 23,

305

Case No. VWZ-0009  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motion to Dismiss Name of Petitioner: Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc. Date of Filing: March 8, 1999 Case Number: VWZ-0009 This decision...

306

SANS Study of Highly Irradiated RPV Steels - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, SANS Study of Highly Irradiated RPV Steels ... In this study, the evolution of Cu-, Ni-, and Mg-enriched precipitates is ... Phase-field Modeling of Grain Growth in Sintered Uranium Dioxide under High Temperature Gradients.

307

Highlighting High Performance: The Philip Merrill Environmental Center; Chesapeake Bay Foundation, Annapolis, Maryland  

SciTech Connect

Case study on high performance building features of the Chesapeake Bay Foundation's Philip Merrill Environmental Center.

Not Available

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

ESMAP-South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Carbon Growth Strategy Low Carbon Growth Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-ESMAP Low Carbon Growth Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Transportation Topics GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Publications, Case studies/examples Website http://www.esmap.org/ Country South Africa Southern Africa References World Bank, ESMAP - Low Carbon Growth Country Studies - Getting Started[1] Overview "To facilitate the implementation of the Long-Term Mitigation Scenario developed by the Government of South Africa in 2006, the South Africa study focuses on building capacity for energy efficiency and demand-side

309

Energy Efficiency Opportunities in Federal High Performance Computing...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Opportunities in Federal High Performance Computing Data Centers Energy Efficiency Opportunities in Federal High Performance Computing Data Centers Case study...

310

High speed flywheel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A flywheel for operation at high speeds utilizes two or more ringlike coments arranged in a spaced concentric relationship for rotation about an axis and an expansion device interposed between the components for accommodating radial growth of the components resulting from flywheel operation. The expansion device engages both of the ringlike components, and the structure of the expansion device ensures that it maintains its engagement with the components. In addition to its expansion-accommodating capacity, the expansion device also maintains flywheel stiffness during flywheel operation.

McGrath, Stephen V. (Knoxville, TN)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan) Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan) Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Water Solar Wind Program Info State Michigan Program Type Grant Program Provider Michigan Farm Bureau A joint venture between Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (MDARD) and the Michigan Economic Development Corporation (MEDC), the Strategic Growth Initiative Grant Program was designed to leverage business development and growth for the state's $91.4 billion food and agriculture industry. The grant program aims to remove barriers inhibiting growth in the state's food and agriculture industry, fostering economic opportunities for Michigan-based food processors, agribusiness and

312

Case tool evaluation system  

SciTech Connect

An automated system that uses an analytical approach to evaluate Computer-Aided Software Engineering (CASE) tools is currently being developed. this system is referred to as the CASE Tool Evaluation System. The following general criteria will be used: overall tool functionality; tool stability; cost; interfaces with other software; customization; ease of use; output produced; hardware and operating system needs; documentation; training and vendor support; repository interface; methodologies; and vendor stability. in Phase 1 CASE tools will be eliminated that do not meet certain must-have'' characteristics specified by the user. Phase 2 will further reduce the size of the tool list by retaining those tools that possess desirable, but not absolutely necessary'' characteristics, also specified by the user. Phase 3 will employ the Analytic Hierarchy Process, developed by Dr. Thomas L. Saaty, to rank the tools. Users will be able to supply tools of their own choosing, in addition to tools that are generated via normal use of the system. All three phases will interact with a database that stores objective information about CASE tools. The use of the Analytic Hierarchy process (AHP) distinguishes this method of CASE tool evaluation from others. As used in this system, the AHP is a method of breaking down the complex, unstructured problem of selecting a CASE tool into its component evaluation criteria and candidate tools. These criteria and tools are arranged into a hierarchical order. Each criterion and tool is assigned a subjective numerical value (by experts or users or both). These values are then synthesized to determine which have the highest priority. The result will be a ranked list of CASE tools tailored to the needs and desires of the user.

Green, P.L.; Andreae, P.V.; Pennewell, W.J.; Clinard, L.A.; Thomas, B. Jr.; Tarrant, P.M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Growth of Dust as the Initial Step Toward Planet Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the results of laboratory measurements and theoretical models concerning the aggregation of dust in protoplanetary disks, as the initial step toward planet formation. Small particles easily stick when they collide and form aggregates with an open, often fractal structure, depending on the growth process. Larger particles are still expected to grow at collision velocities of about 1m/s. Experiments also show that, after an intermezzo of destructive velocities, high collision velocities above 10m/s on porous materials again lead to net growth of the target. Considerations of dust-gas interactions show that collision velocities for particles not too different in surface-to-mass ratio remain limited up to sizes about 1m, and growth seems to be guaranteed to reach these sizes quickly and easily. For meter sizes, coupling to nebula turbulence makes destructive processes more likely. Global aggregation models show that in a turbulent nebula, small particles are swept up too fast to be consistent with observations of disks. An extended phase may therefore exist in the nebula during which the small particle component is kept alive through collisions driven by turbulence which frustrates growth to planetesimals until conditions are more favorable for one or more reasons.

C. Dominik; J. Blum; J. Cuzzi; G. Wurm

2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

314

OPPORTUNITY COST OF LAND AND URBAN GROWTH.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examines the impact of the opportunity cost of urban land on urban growth. Based on prices, costs and productivity data on agricultural commodities… (more)

Jiang, Bo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Natural Growth Inhibitors (Allelopathy): Literature Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is part of a larger proposed investigation to develop natural growth inhibitors useful for utility rights-of-way vegetation management.

2000-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

316

Aqueous Chemical Growth of Advanced Nanostructured ... - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 1, 2002 ... A novel concept in materials chemistry have been developed as well as an aqueous low temperature thin film growth technique to create a new ...

317

Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cosmic expansion history tests the dynamics of the global evolution of the universe and its energy density contents, while the cosmic growth history tests the evolution of the inhomogeneous part of the energy density. Precision comparison of the two histories can distinguish the nature of the physics responsible for the accelerating cosmic expansion: an additional smooth component - dark energy - or a modification of the gravitational field equations. With the aid of a new fitting formula for linear perturbation growth accurate to 0.05-0.2%, we separate out the growth dependence on the expansion history and introduce a new growth index parameter \\gamma that quantifies the gravitational modification.

Eric V. Linder

2005-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

318

Essays on India’s Economic Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

initial euphoria about liberalisation, a revisionist viewand industrial policy liberalisation. Three, growth in thebuilt up under the pre-liberalisation policy regime), their

Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Relating muscle telomerase to fish growth.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

???Fish growth is one of the important indicators for individual fitness as well as population health. Telomerase is a protein complex that is closely linked… (more)

Mok, Oi Lam Helen (???)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

A Fundamental Mechanism in Anisotropic Nanocrystal Growth ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to achieve this goal, it is necessary to understand the build block ( nanocrystal) growth mechanism. The oriented attachment (OA) mechanism originally ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Trade and Economic Growth: Historical Evidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and time effects as discussed above. 11 Table 1: tariff and growth 1870-1914 FE FE DGMM DGMM SGMM SGMM (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) Growth of GDP per capita over 5-year subperiods (1870-74, 1875-79…) log (tariff) -0.001 -0.025 -0.054 -0.019 -0... and Williamson (2004). Table 2: price-adjusted tariffs and growth 1870-1914 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) FE FE DGMM DGMM SGMM SGMM Growth of GDP per capita over 5-year subperiods (1870-74, 1875-79…) log (tariff) -0.011 -0.035 -0.057*** -0.051 -0...

Schularick, M; Solomou, Solomos

322

Silicon ribbon growth by a capillary action shaping technique. Quarterly technical progress report number 7  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The crystal-growth method under investigation is a capillary action shaping technique. Meniscus shaping for the desired ribbon geometry occurs at the vertex of a wettable die. As ribbon growth depletes the melt meniscus, capillary action supplies replacement material. Progress in 50-mm-wide ribbon growth is detailed. Over 11 meters of uniform 50-mm-wide ribbon have been grown this quarter. Fuller advantage has been taken of the potential benefits of high melt meniscus (HMM) growth. 50-mm ribbons less than 0.27 mm in thickness were produced with zero SiC particle density, smooth reflective surfaces, and lifetimes greater than 20 ..mu..sec for electrical charge carriers. It has also been demonstrated that quartz crucibles can be used through at least four melt-down cycles. A computer analysis model of competing sheet growth techniques is presented and discussed. (WHK)

Schwuttke, G.H.; Ciszek, T.F.; Kran, A.

1977-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Molecular beam epitaxy of SrTiO{sub 3} with a growth window  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many complex oxides with only nonvolatile constituents do not have a wide growth window in conventional molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) approaches, which makes it difficult to obtain stoichiometric films. Here it is shown that a growth window in which the stoichiometry is self-regulating can be achieved for SrTiO{sub 3} films by using a hybrid MBE approach that uses a volatile metal-organic source for Ti, titanium tetra isopropoxide (TTIP). The growth window widens and shifts to higher TTIP/Sr flux ratios with increasing temperature, showing that it is related to the desorption of the volatile TTIP. We demonstrate stoichiometric, highly perfect, insulating SrTiO{sub 3} films. The approach can be adapted for the growth of other complex oxides that previously were believed to have no wide MBE growth window.

Jalan, Bharat; Moetakef, Pouya; Stemmer, Susanne [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-5050 (United States)

2009-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

324

Case No. VBR-0002  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VBR-0002 VBR-0002 January 24, 2000 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Supplemental Order Name of Petitioner: Westinghouse Savannah River Company Date of Filing: November 12, 1999 Case Number: VBR-0002 This supplemental order concerns a Motion for Reconsideration (Case No. VBR-0002) filed by Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC) on November 12, 1999. The reconsideration motion relates to an Initial Agency Decision issued by the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE) on November 2, 1999 (Case No. VBH-0002). In the Initial Agency Decision, I granted relief to the Complainant on the whistleblower complaint he had filed against WSRC under 10 C.F.R. Part 708.(1) I found that WSRC had failed to prove by "clear and convincing" evidence

325

Case No. VWD-0004  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 July 1, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motion for Discovery Supplemental Order Names of Petitioners:Princeton University General Physics Corporation Date of Filing: June 10, 1999 Case Number: VWD-0004 This decision will consider a Motion for Discovery filed jointly by Princeton University (Princeton) and General Physics Corporation (GPC) on June 10, 1999 with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). The discovery motion relates to a hearing requested by David Turner under the DOE's Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708 (Part 708). The OHA has assigned Mr. Turner's hearing request Case No. VWA-0038, and the discovery request under consideration Case No. VWD-0004. I. Background A. The DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program

326

Case No. VBH-0025  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 June 22, 2000 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Initial Agency Decision Name of Case: Alizabeth Aramowicz Smith Date of Filing:July 6, 1999 Case Number: VBH-0025 This Initial Agency Decision concerns a whistleblower complaint filed by Alizabeth Aramowicz Smith, a former contractor employee at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. As explained below, Smith's complaint should be denied. This case arises under the Department of Energy's Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708, the "whistleblower" regulations. The whistleblower regulations prohibit a contractor from retaliating against a contractor employee who engages in protected conduct. Protected conduct includes disclosing information that the employee believes reveals 1) a substantial violation of a law, rule, or

327

Case No. VBH-0023  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 March 31, 2000 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Initial Agency Decision Name of Case: Stephanie A. Ashburn Date of Filing:July 6, 1999 Case Number: VBH-0023 This Initial Agency Decision concerns a whistleblower complaint filed by Stephanie A. Ashburn, a former fellow of the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE). As explained below, Ashburn's complaint is denied. This case arises under the Department of Energy's Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708, the "whistleblower" regulations. The whistleblower regulations prohibit a contractor from retaliating against a contractor employee who engages in protected conduct. Protected conduct includes disclosing information that the employee believes reveals 1) a substantial violation of a law, rule, or

328

Case No. VBZ-0047  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

47 47 August 30, 2000 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motion for Summary Judgment Name of Case: Edward J. Seawalt Date of Filing: August 23, 2000 Case Number: VBZ-0047 This decision will consider a Motion for Summary Judgment that Contract Associates, Inc., ("the contractor") filed on August 23, 2000. The contractor moves to deny a complaint filed by Edward J. Seawalt ("Mr. Seawalt" or "the complainant") under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Mr. Seawalt's complaint has been set for a hearing under Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Case No. VBH-0047. I. Background The Department of Energy established its Contractor Employee Protection Program to safeguard "public

329

Case No. VWX-0014  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VWX-0014 VWX-0014 November 29, 1999 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Supplemental Order Name of Case:Frank E. Isbill Date of Filing:November 4, 1999 Case Number: VWX-0014 This Decision supplements an Initial Agency Decision, dated September 27, 1999, issued by the undersigned Hearing Officer of the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy in a case involving a "whistleblower" complaint filed by Frank E. Isbill (the complainant) under 10 C.F.R. Part 708. See Frank E. Isbill, 27 DOE ¶ 87,529 (1999). In the Decision, I found that NCI Information Systems, Inc. (the contractor), a DOE contractor, had violated the provisions of 10 C.F.R. § 708.5 by removing the complainant's supervisory duties in reprisal for his making protected disclosures related to a

330

Case No. VBZ-0057  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

57 57 November 1, 2000 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motions to Dismiss Name of Petitioner: Janet K. Benson Date of Filings: April 6, 2000 August 7, 2000 Case Numbers: VBZ-0057 VBZ-0058 This determination considers Motions to Dismiss(1) filed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (Laboratory)(2) under the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In these Motions, the Laboratory contends that the claims asserted by Janet Benson in OHA Case No. VWA-0044 are defective as a matter of law and should not be determined on the merits.(3) The Laboratory makes the following arguments in support of these Motions: (1) The Laboratory cannot be held liable for any acts of reprisal that occurred prior to September 23, 1994, the date it agreed to comply with Part 708 (OHA Case No. VBZ-0057);

331

Case No. VBZ-0028  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

28 28 October 12, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motion to Dismiss Name of Petitioner: Sandia Corporation Date of Filing: August 24, 1999 Case Number: VBZ-0028 This decision considers a "Motion to Dismiss" filed by the Sandia Corporation (Sandia) on August 24, 1999. In its Motion, Sandia seeks judgment on the record of Complaint filed by Dr. Jiunn Yu (Yu) under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, which is codified at 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Yu's Complaint under 10 C.F.R. Part 708 has been assigned Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Case No. VBH-0028. The present Motion has been assigned Case No. VBZ-0028. The Department of Energy established its Contractor Employee Protection Program to safeguard "public

332

Case No. VWZ-0011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 May 19, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motion to Dismiss Name of Petitioner: West Valley Nuclear Services Co., Inc. Date of Filing: May 18, 1999 Case Number: VWZ-0011 This decision considers a "Motion to Dismiss" filed by West Valley Nuclear Services, Inc. (West Valley) on May 18, 1999. In its Motion, West Valley seeks the partial dismissal of a Complaint filed by John L. Gretencord (Gretencord) under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, which is codified at 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Mr. Gretencord requested a hearing on his Complaint under 10 C.F.R. Part 708 on March 19, 1999, and it has been assigned Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Case No. VWA-0033. The present Motion has been assigned Case No. VWZ-0011.

333

Case No. VBX-0014  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VBX-0014 VBX-0014 April 25, 2000 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Supplemental Order Name of Case: Roy Leonard Moxley Date of Filing:January 10, 2000 Case Number: VBX-0014 This Decision supplements an Initial Agency Decision, dated December 29, 1999, that I issued as the Hearing Officer in a case involving a "whistleblower" complaint. The complaint was filed by Roy Leonard Moxley under the Department of Energy's Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. See Roy Leonard Moxley, 27 DOE ¶ 87,546 (1999) (the Initial Agency Decision). In that Decision, I found that Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC), a DOE contractor, had violated the provisions of 10 C.F.R. § 708.5 by reducing Mr. Moxley's salary grade level (SGL) from SGL 31 to SGL

334

Case No. VWD-0002  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 May 21, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motion for Discovery Supplemental Order Name of Petitioner:Frank E. Isbill Date of Filing: May 4, 1999 Case Number: VWD-0002 This determination will consider two requests for discovery filed with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) on May 4, 1999, by Frank E. Isbill (the complainant). These requests (which have been grouped together as one Motion for Discovery, Case No. VWD-0002) concern the hearing requested by the complainant under the Department of Energy's Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708 (Part 708). He requested this hearing on March 29, 1999 (Case No. VWA-0034) in connection with the Part 708 complaint he filed against NCI Communications, Inc. (the contractor). The DOE recently

335

Case No. VWZ-0017  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 November 10, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motion to Dismiss Name of Petitioner: University of California Date of Filing: October 6, 1999 Case Number: VWZ-0017 This decision considers a Motion to Dismiss filed by the University of California (the University) on October 6, 1999. In its Motion, the University seeks dismissal of the complaint filed against it by Charles Montaño under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, which is codified at 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Montaño's complaint under Part 708 has been assigned Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Case No. VWA-0042. The present Motion has been assigned Case No. VWZ-0017. The Department of Energy established its Contractor Employee Protection Program to safeguard "public

336

Case No. VWZ-0010  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 0 May 12, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motion to Dismiss Name of Petitioner: West Valley Nuclear Services Co., Inc. Date of Filing: April 27, 1999 Case Number: VWZ-0010 This decision considers a "Motion to Dismiss" filed by West Valley Nuclear Services, Inc. (West Valley) on April 27, 1999. In its Motion, West Valley seeks the dismissal of a Complaint filed by John L. Gretencord (Gretencord) under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, which is codified at 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Mr. Gretencord requested a hearing on his Complaint under 10 C.F.R. Part 708 on March 19, 1999, and it has been assigned Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Case No. VWA-0033. The present Motion has been assigned Case No. VWZ-0010.

337

VP 100: Growth in solar means growth in Ohio | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Growth in solar means growth in Ohio Growth in solar means growth in Ohio VP 100: Growth in solar means growth in Ohio October 6, 2010 - 10:57am Addthis DuPont is betting on major growth in the market for solar energy -- and therefore for its Tedlar film, a durable backing for silicon solar panels. | Photo Courtesy of DuPont DuPont is betting on major growth in the market for solar energy -- and therefore for its Tedlar film, a durable backing for silicon solar panels. | Photo Courtesy of DuPont Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers Market research company Solarbuzz reports that global demand for solar power soared by 54 percent in the second quarter of 2010. The research firm reports that in the United States, the annual number of total watts installed moved from 485 MW in all of 2009 to 2.3 GW as of June -- and

338

Project Finance Case Studies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finance Case Finance Case Studies FUPWG Meeting October 21, 2010 RENEWABLE ENERGY * Solar, wind, biomass and geothermal power resources show great promise to positively impact both the environment and energy security. * While these technologies are coming down in cost, there is often no price associated with carbon content, causing renewable energy to remain more expensive than fossil fuels in most markets. * Utilizing Treasury Cash Grant, Investment and Production Tax Credits, Renewable Energy Credits and state rebates is essential to a project's viability. WATER and WASTEWATER * With operating budgets stretched, many public-sector utilities are struggling to upgrade critical water treatment facilities to comply with changing environmental regulations or to maintain system efficiencies.

339

Exploratory case study research: Outsourced project failure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Context: IT plays an increasingly strategic role in the business performance of organizations, however, the development of strategic IT systems involves a high degree of risk and outsourcing the development of such systems increases the risk. Objective: ... Keywords: Case study methodology, Outsourced software development, Project failure, Risk framework, Software development risk factors

J. M. Verner; L. M. Abdullah

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

The Case for Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

land Press, 1995 TESTING ELECTRIC VEHICLE DEMAND IN " HYBRIDThe Case for Electric Vehicles DanieI Sperlmg Reprint UCTCor The Case for Electric Vehicles Darnel Sperling Institute

Sperling, Daniel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Digital electronic bone growth stimulator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to the electrical treatment of biological tissue. In particular, the present invention discloses a device that produces discrete electrical pulse trains for treating osteoporosis and accelerating bone growth. According to its major aspects and broadly stated, the present invention consists of an electrical circuit configuration capable of generating Bassett-type waveforms shown with alternative signals provide for the treatment of either fractured bones or osteoporosis. The signal generator comprises a quartz clock, an oscillator circuit, a binary divider chain, and a plurality of simple, digital logic gates. Signals are delivered efficiently, with little or no distortion, and uniformly distributed throughout the area of injury. Perferably, power is furnished by widely available and inexpensive radio batteries, needing replacement only once in several days. The present invention can be affixed to a medical cast without a great increase in either weight or bulk. Also, the disclosed stimulator can be used to treat osteoporosis or to strengthen a healing bone after the cast has been removed by attaching the device to the patient`s skin or clothing.

Kronberg, J.W.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Upscaling Calcite Growth Rates From the Mesoscale to the Macroscale  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantitative prediction of mineral reaction rates in the subsurface remains a daunting task partly because a key parameter for macroscopic models, the reactive site density, is poorly constrained. Here we report atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements on the calcite surface of monomolecular step densities, treated as equivalent to the reactive site density, as a function of aqueous calcium-to-carbonate ratio and saturation index. Data for the obtuse step orientation are combined with existing step velocity measurements to generate a model that predicts overall macroscopic calcite growth rates. The model is quantitatively consistent with several published macroscopic rates under a range of alkaline solution conditions, particularly for two of the most comprehensive data sets without the need for additional fit parameters. The model reproduces peak growth rates and its functional form is simple enough to be incorporated into reactive transport or other macroscopic models designed for predictions in porous media. However, it currently cannot model equilibrium, pH effects, and may overestimate rates at high aqueous calcium-to-carbonate ratios. The discrepancies in rates at high calcium-to-carbonate ratios may be due to differences in pre-treatment, such as exposing the seed material to SI 1.0 to generate/develop growth hillocks, or other factors.

Bracco, Jacquelyn N [ORNL; Stack, Andrew G [ORNL; Steefel, Carl I [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

A Model For Stress-Controlled Pipe Growth | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » A Model For Stress-Controlled Pipe Growth Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Model For Stress-Controlled Pipe Growth Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The rock mechanics theory for deformation of underground mining excavations under high stress conditions can be used to explain the growth and geometry of volcanic pipes. In an underground excavation stress concentrates greatest on the sides of an excavation perpendicular to the principal vector of compression. If the stress is high enough fractures will develop causing scaling of the tunnel sidewalls and tunnel growth

344

A case for high performance computing with virtual machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual machine (VM) technologies are experiencing a resurgence in both industry and research communities. VMs offer many desirable features such as security, ease of management, OS customization, performance isolation, check-pointing, and migration, ...

Wei Huang; Jiuxing Liu; Bulent Abali; Dhabaleswar K. Panda

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Business Case Slide 6: High-Volume: Repository - Description  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Volume: Repository - Description Description of potential uses Structural component of cask (basket, wall) as a cermet Cermet: DUO2 particles embedded in steel matrix Fill material...

346

Business Case Slide 22: High-Value: Catalysts - Description  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Catalysts - Description Graduate student examining candidate DU-bearing catalyst Graduate student examining candidate DU-bearing catalyst Description Use DUO2 to catalyze chemical...

347

Business Case Slide 27: High-Value: Semiconductors - Basis for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Semiconductors - Basis for Use Basis for use DUO2 has good electronic properties for semi-conductor applications Have made and tested a diode and transistor which appear superior...

348

Business Case Slide 24: High-Value: Catalysts - Program Focus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Catalysts - Program Focus Program Focus Off-gas cleanup catalysts (ORNL) Best form and substrate, effect of impurities Desulfurization catalyst (Rutgers) Proof-of-principle...

349

Business Case Slide 17: High-Volume: Casks - Potential Benefits  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Casks - Potential Benefits Potential benefits EM Use most or all of the DU inventory which could avoid transportation and disposal cost OCRWM Plans to acquire use of a fleet of...

350

Business Case Slide 25: High-Value: Semiconductors - Description  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Semiconductors - Description Receipt of rare DUO crystals at ORNL Receipt of rare DUO2 crystals at ORNL Description Use DUO2 as a semiconductor material Computer CPU or RAM chips...

351

Business Case Slide 9: High-Volume: Repository - Potential Benefits  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Repository - Potential Benefits Potential benefits EM Any of the four applications could use most or all of the DU inventory which could avoid transportation and disposal cost No...

352

EPRI Case History Study: High Pressure Feedwater Heater Replacement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

U.S. utilities are faced with the need for continuous change in the way plants are operated and maintained. A focus on generation costs sets the stage for innovation in the way fossil plant outages are planned and managed. While nuclear plants have been pioneers in this area, fossil plant managers and support staff are now recognizing ways to extend runs between outages and minimize outage duration. This is being accomplished with aggressive application of condition-based maintenance, and improved outage...

2005-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

353

Hail Growth in an Oklahoma Multicell Storm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hail growth in an Oklahoma multicellular storm is studied using a numerical model of hailstone growth and decay and dual-Doppler derived wind fields. Hail was collected at the time of the Doppler radar data collection which provided input for ...

Conrad L. Ziegler; Peter S. Ray; Nancy C. Knight

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Energy growth in the compliant channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy growth in the compliant channel Jérôme Hoepffner Julien Favier, Alessandro Bottaro #12 stiffness K Forcing by the pressure #12;Energy Flow energy+wall kinetic and potential energy: Energy: 2) Optimality: #12;"=0, stable #12;Optimization results Growth enveloppe Energy evolution

Hoepffner, Jérôme

355

Annual Growth Bands in Hymenaea courbaril  

SciTech Connect

One significant source of annual temperature and precipitation data arises from the regular annual secondary growth rings of trees. Several tropical tree species are observed to form regular growth bands that may or may not form annually. Such growth was observed in one stem disk of the tropical legume Hymenaea courbaril near the area of David, Panama. In comparison to annual reference {Delta}{sup 14}C values from wood and air, the {Delta}{sup 14}C values from the secondary growth rings formed by H. courbaril were determined to be annual in nature in this one stem disk specimen. During this study, H. courbaril was also observed to translocate recently produced photosynthate into older growth rings as sapwood is converted to heartwood. This process alters the overall {Delta}{sup 14}C values of these transitional growth rings as cellulose with a higher {Delta}{sup 14}C content is translocated into growth rings with a relatively lower {Delta}{sup 14}C content. Once the annual nature of these growth rings is established, further stable isotope analyses on H. courbaril material in other studies may help to complete gaps in the understanding of short and of long term global climate patterns.

Westbrook, J A; Guilderson, T P; Colinvaux, P A

2004-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

356

Retrospective Case Studies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project, Retrospective Case Studies (RCS) operates directly under DGE's Resource Exploration and Assessment program. The overall objectives of this project are: (1) to improve the general and specific level of understanding of geothermal systems, and (2) to improve tools and technology for geothermal exploration and assessment.

Wright, Phillip M.

1977-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Green Growth Strategy Support | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Support Support Jump to: navigation, search Name Green Growth Strategy Support Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Brazilian Finance Ministry, EMBRAPA, FGV, Danish Energy Agency Sector Energy, Land Topics Low emission development planning Resource Type Publications Website http://www.gggi.org/ Program Start 2010 Country Brazil, Indonesia, South Korea South America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 Indonesia 4 References Overview The Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) was founded on the belief that economic growth and environmental sustainability are not merely compatible objectives; their integration is essential for the future of humankind. GGGI is dedicated to pioneering and diffusing a new model of economic

358

Career Growth | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Growth | National Nuclear Security Administration Growth | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Career Growth Home > Federal Employment > Working at NNSA > Career Growth Career Growth Learning doesn't stop with a college or post-graduate degree. It is a key part of individual career development and is central to NNSA's efforts to

359

Emissivity Correcting Pyrometry of Semiconductor Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Emissivity Correcting Pyrometry of Semiconductor Growth Emissivity Correcting Pyrometry of Semiconductor Growth by W. G. Breiland, L. A. Bruskas, A. A. Allerman, and T. W. Hargett Motivation-Temperature is a critical factor in the growth of thin films by either chemical vapor deposition (CVD) or molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). It is particularly important in compound semiconductor growth because one is often challenged to grow materials with specific chemical compositions in order to maintain stringent lattice-matching conditions or to achieve specified bandgap values. Optical pyrometry can be used to measure surface temperatures, but the thin film growth causes significant changes in the emissivity of the surface, leading to severe errors in the pyrometer measurement. To avoid these errors, emissivity changes must be measured and

360

Growth and Characterization of Complex Mineral Surfaces  

SciTech Connect

Precipitation of mineral aggregates near the Earth's surface or in subsurface fractures and cavities often produces complex microstructures and surface morphologies. Here we demonstrate how a simple surface normal growth (SNG) process may produce microstructures and surface morphologies very similar to those observed in some natural carbonate systems. A simple SNG model was used to fit observed surfaces, thus providing information about the growth history and also about the frequency and spatial distribution of nucleation events during growth. The SNG model can be extended to systems in which the symmetry of precipitation is broken, for example by fluid flow. We show how a simple modification of the SNG model in which the local growth rate depends on the distance from a fluid source and the local slope or fluid flow rate, produces growth structures with many similarities to natural travertine deposits.

P. Meakin; E. Jettestuen; B. Jamtveit; Y. Y. Podladchikov; S. deVilliers; H. E. F. Amundsen

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Growth and characterization of LuAs films and nanostructures  

SciTech Connect

We report the growth and characterization of nearly lattice-matched LuAs/GaAs heterostructures. Electrical conductivity, optical transmission, and reflectivity measurements of epitaxial LuAs films indicate that LuAs is semimetallic, with a room-temperature resistivity of 90 {mu}{Omega} cm. Cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy confirms that LuAs nucleates as self-assembled nanoparticles, which can be overgrown with high-quality GaAs. The growth and material properties are very similar to those of the more established ErAs/GaAs system; however, we observe important differences in the magnitude and wavelength of the peak optical transparency, making LuAs superior for certain device applications, particularly for thick epitaxially embedded Ohmic contacts that are transparent in the near-IR telecommunications window around 1.3 {mu}m.

Krivoy, E. M.; Nair, H. P.; Crook, A. M.; Rahimi, S.; Maddox, S. J.; Salas, R.; Ferrer, D. A.; Dasika, V. D.; Akinwande, D.; Bank, S. R. [Microelectronics Research Center, University of Texas at Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Reactive burn models and ignition & growth concept  

SciTech Connect

Plastic-bonded explosives are heterogeneous materials. Experimentally, shock initiation is sensitive to small amounts of porosity, due to the formation of hot spots (small localized regions of high temperature). This leads to the Ignition and Growth concept, introduced by Lee and Tarver in 1980, as the basis for reactive burn models. A homogeneized burn rate needs to account for three mesoscale physical effects (i) the density of burnt hot spots, which depends on the lead shock strength; (ii) the growth of the burn fronts triggered by hot spots, which depends on the local deflagration speed; (iii) a geometric factor that accounts for the overlap of deflagration wavelets from adjacent hot spots. These effects can be combined and the burn model defined by specifying the reaction progress variable {lambda}(t) as a function of a dimensionless reaction length {tau}{sub hs}(t)/{ell}{sub hs}, rather than by xpecifying an explicit burn rate. The length scale {ell}{sub hs} is the average distance between hot spots, which is proportional to [N{sub hs}(P{sub s})]{sup -1/3}, where N{sub hs} is the number density of hot spots activated by the lead shock. The reaction length {tau}{sub hs}(t) = {line_integral}{sub 0}{sup t} D(P(t'))dt' is the distance the burn front propagates from a single hot spot, where D is the deflagration speed and t is the time since the shock arrival. A key implementation issue is how to determine the lead shock strength in conjunction with a shock capturing scheme. They have developed a robust algorithm for this purpose based on the Hugoniot jump condition for the energy. The algorithm utilizes the time dependence of density, pressure and energy within each cell. The method is independent of the numerical dissipation used for shock capturing. It is local and can be used in one or more space dimensions. The burn model has a small number of parameters which can be calibrated to fit velocity gauge data from shock initiation experiments.

Menikoff, Ralph S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shaw, Milton S [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Case No. VWZ-0012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 August 6, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motion to Dismiss Name of Case: Lucy B. Smith Date of Filing: June 30, 1999 Case Number: VWZ-0012 This determination will consider a Motion to Dismiss filed by Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC) on June 30, 1999. WSRC seeks dismissal of the underlying complaint filed by Lucy B. Smith under the Department of Energy's Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. I. Background Ms. Smith's Part 708 complaint arises from her employment as a chemist with WSRC at DOE's Savannah River Site. Ms. Smith alleges that she made three protected disclosures involving health and safety concerns to WSRC officials during the last half of 1996. Subsequently, on January 20, 1997, Ms. Smith received a Reduction in Force notice from WSRC. Ms. Smith then filed a complaint with the United

364

EDO: Case Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EDO Case Studies EDO Case Studies Technology Transfer / Technology Assistance Technology identifies anomalies in complex financial data Identifying atypical information in financial data early could help determine problematic financial trends such as the systemic risk that recently put the U.S. and global financial systems in a downward fall. Recognizing such anomalous information can also help regulators understand markets, and identify the potential need of new rules and regulations. Additionally, it can help investors and advisors better manage their investment and savings portfolios. The AnomalatorTM software, developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, uses advanced mathematical algorithms to identify unusual trends in complex financial data and graphically show how it compares with

365

Case No. VWA-0040  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 0 December 13, 1999 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Initial Agency Decision Name of Case: Rosie L. Beckham Date of Filing: April 27, 1999 Case Number: VWA-0040 Rosie L. Beckham (hereinafter the complainant) filed a complaint against her former employer, KENROB and Associates, Inc. (hereinafter the contractor) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. The program prohibits a DOE contractor from retaliating against an employee for disclosing certain information (a protected disclosure). A DOE office investigated the complaint and issued a report, which concluded that the complainant was not entitled to relief. The complainant requested a hearing, and I was appointed to conduct the hearing and issue an

366

Case No. VBH-0021  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21 21 February 7, 2000 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Case: Eugene J. Dreger Date of Filing: July 14, 1999 Case Number: VBH-0021 This Initial Agency Decision addresses a whistleblower complaint filed by Eugene J. Dreger (the complainant) against his former employer, Reynolds Electrical & Engineering Co., Inc. (REECO) under the Department of Energy's Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. At the time of the incidents described below, Dreger worked at the DOE's Nevada Test Site as a safety inspector. REECO was a primary contractor at the Test Site until December 31, 1995. Beginning January 1, 1996, Bechtel Nevada assumed this responsibility, and it has also assumed responsibility for litigation relating to

367

Case No. VWA-0039  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 9 February 25, 2000 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Initial Agency Decision Name of Case: Luis P. Silva Date of Filing: April 27, 1999 Case Number: VWA-0039 This Initial Agency Decision concerns a whistleblower complaint filed by Luis P. Silva, a former employee of the Scientific Ecology Group (SEG) and its successor firm, GTS Duratek (GTS).(1) SEG, and then GTS, were subcontractors to Sandia Corporation at the Radioactive and Mixed Waste Management Facility (RMWMF) where Silva worked before he was laid off by GTS in August 1997. Sandia is a subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Company, the management and operating contractor at DOE's Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico. In March 1998, Roy F. Weston, Inc. replaced GTS as Sandia's subcontractor at the RMWMF. Silva alleges that he made protected disclosures

368

WSH Case Studies 2012  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Health Case Summaries and Health Case Summaries Enforcement Workshop, March 2012 1. Unescorted Entry into Active Laser Area A Facilities electrician received a work order from his work lead to install a switch box and a power cord on a vacuum pump in a Class 4 laser room. He arrived escorted by a laser lab scientist to review the scope of work. After reviewing the work to be performed and inspecting the equipment, the electrician alerted the laser lab scientist that he needed additional tools and materials to complete the task. The scientist informed the electrician that he should not work in a laser lab without an escort. The electrician then informed his work lead that he needed to re- schedule the job. The work lead did not discuss or address the work area hazards and controls

369

Case No. VBA-0055  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

<BR> Case No. VBA-0055 October 2, 2000 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal Name of Petitioner: Lucy Smith Date of Filing: July 20, 2000 Case Number: VBA-0055 This Decision considers an Appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued on July 11, 2000, involving a Complaint filed by Lucy Smith (Smith or the Complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In her Complaint, Smith claims that her former employer, Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC), a DOE contractor, terminated her employment during a reduction in force (RIF), and then failed to rehire her, in retaliation for making disclosures that are protected under Part 708. In the IAD, however, the Hearing Officer determined that

370

Case No. VBH-0007  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 September 27, 1999 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Initial Agency Decision Name of Case: Salvatore Gionfriddo Date of Filing: June 23, 1999 Case Number: VBH-0007 On December 28, 1998, Salvatore Gionfriddo (Complainant) filed a Complaint of Reprisal with the Director of the Federal Energy Technology Center of the Department of Energy (DOE) pursuant to 10 C.F.R. Part 708, the DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program. The Complainant alleged that he made a protected disclosure under Part 708 and his employer, Energy Research Corporation (ERC) retaliated against him by terminating his employment. (1) On July 19, 1999, ERC filed a Motion to Dismiss the complaint. The firm claims that its agreement with the DOE is not covered by Part 708 and that it is not obligated to participate in proceedings

371

Case No. VBH-0035  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 September 22, 1999 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Initial Agency Decision Name of Case: Theresa G. Joyner Date of Filing: August 24, 1999 Case Number: VBH-0035 This Initial Agency Decision concerns a whistleblower complaint filed by Theresa G. Joyner, a former employee (hereinafter the employee) of NCI Information Systems, Inc. (NCI) (hereinafter the contractor). As explained below, the employee's request for relief is denied. I. Background The Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program governs this matter. The DOE recently revised the regulations governing this program. See 64 Fed. Reg. 12862 (March 15, 1999) (amending 10 C.F.R. pt. 708) (the whistleblower regulations). Under the regulations, the DOE's Office of

372

Case No. VWZ-0020  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

20 20 February 3, 2000 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motion to Dismiss Name of Case: Lucy B. Smith Date of Filing: October 14, 1999 Case Number: VWZ-0020 This determination will consider a Motion to Dismiss filed by Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC) on October 14, 1999. WSRC seeks dismissal of three allegations of retaliation by reason of failure to rehire submitted by Lucy B. Smith under the Department of Energy's Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In a submission dated December 6, 1999, WSRC further requests dismissal of a discovery request made by Ms. Smith regarding hiring by subcontractors of WSRC. I. Background Ms. Smith's Part 708 complaint arises from her employment as a chemist with WSRC at DOE's Savannah

373

Case No. VWD-0006  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 August 10, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motion for Discovery Name of Petitioner:Lucy B. Smith Date of Filing: August 2, 1999 Case Number: VWD-0006 This determination will consider a Motion for Discovery filed with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) by Lucy B. Smith. This Motion, dated July 20, 1999, concerns the hearing requested by Ms. Smith under the Department of Energy's Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708 (Part 708). She requested this hearing on May 5, 1999 (Case No. VWA-0041) in connection with the Part 708 complaint she filed against Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC). I. Factual Background Ms. Smith's Part 708 complaint arises from her employment as a chemist with WSRC at DOE's Savannah

374

Case No. VBD-0059  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

59 59 June 8, 2001 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motion for Discovery Name of Case: Janet L. Westbrook Date of Filing: June 5, 2001 Case Number: VBD-0059 This determination will consider a Motion for Discovery filed with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) by UT-Battelle, LLC, the company that manages the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The Motion relates to a hearing soon to be held on a complaint that Janet L. Westbrook filed under the Department of Energy's Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708 (Part 708). For the reasons stated below, the motion is denied. Ms. Westbrook worked at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory as a radiological engineer. She claims that she has persistently disclosed various safety-related concerns and as a result experienced hostility and

375

Case No. VBD-0063  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

63 63 August 14, 2001 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motion for Discovery Name of Petitioner:Bruce R. Field Date of Filing: August 2, 2001 Case Number: VBD-0063 This determination will consider a Motion for Discovery filed with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) by Bruce R. Field (Field). This Motion, dated August 2, 2001, concerns the hearing requested by Field under the Department of Energy's Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708 (Part 708). Field requested this hearing on April 24, 2001 (Case No. VBH-0063) in connection with the Part 708 complaint he filed against the management and operating contractor, Midwest Research Institute (MRI) for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).(1) I. Background Field's complaint arises from his employment at NREL as a Project Manager. During the period 1994 to

376

Case No. VWZ-0016  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 November 8, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motion to Dismiss Name of Petitioner: Charles Montaño Date of Filing: October 4, 1999 Case Number: VWZ-0016 This decision considers a Motion to Dismiss filed by Charles Montaño (Montaño) on October 4, 1999. In his Motion, Montaño seeks dismissal of the hearing scheduled to begin on November 16, 1999 and judgment on the existing record for the Whistleblower Complaint that he filed against the University of California (the University) under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, which is codified at 10 C.F.R. Part 708. His Complaint under 10 C.F.R. Part 708 has been assigned Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Case No. VWA-0042. The present Motion has been

377

Case No. VBU-0050  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

50 50 June 15, 2000 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Decision of the Director Name of Case: Darryl H. Shadel Date of Filing: May 30, 2000 Case Number: VBU-0050 Darryl H. Shadel (the complainant) appeals the dismissal of his whistleblower complaint under 10 C.F.R. Part 708, the DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program. As explained below, I have determined that the complaint was improperly dismissed, and that further processing should be accorded. I. Background A. The DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program Part 708 prohibits contractors from retaliating against contractor employees who engage in protected conduct. Protected conduct includes disclosing information that the employee believes reveals a substantial and specific danger to employees (a protected disclosure). If a contractor retaliates against an employee

378

Case No. VBH-0034  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 September 29, 1999 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Initial Agency Decision Name of Case: Jennifer S. Gentry Date of Filing: August 24, 1999 Case Number: VBH-0034 This Initial Agency Decision concerns a whistleblower complaint filed by Jennifer S. Gentry, a former employee (hereinafter the employee) of Golder Federal Services Incorporated, formerly Golder Associates, Inc. (Golder). Golder was a subcontractor for EG&G, then the managing and operating contractor at DOE's Rocky Flats site (hereinafter the term "contractors" refers to both Golder and EG&G). The employee alleges that she made protected disclosures concerning health and safety matters, and as a result, the contractors took retaliatory actions against her. For the reasons explained below, I have

379

Case No. VBI-0045  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VBI-0045 VBI-0045 June 22, 2000 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Decision and Order Name of Case: Joseph P. Carson Date of Filing: March 14, 2000 Case Number: VBI-0045 On March 14, 2000, Joseph P. Carson (Carson) filed a "Whistleblower Reprisal Complaint per section 3164 of the NNSA Authorization Act for FY 2000." Carson is employed by the Department of Energy (DOE) as a Safety Engineer, nominally assigned to the Office of Oversight, Planning and Analysis, Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Oversight, Office of Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health (EH), but he is currently stationed in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. In the March 14, 2000 complaint, Carson alleges that in 1999 he made a number of protected disclosures about Glenn Podonsky, a senior

380

Case No. VBU-0039  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

39 39 November 30, 1999 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Decision of the Director Name of Case: Edward J. Seawalt Date of Filing: November 2, 1999 Case Number: VBU-0039 Edward J. Seawalt (the complainant) appeals the dismissal of his complaint against Contract Associates, Inc. (the Contractor) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. The program prohibits a DOE contractor from retaliating against an employee for disclosing certain information (a protected disclosure). As explained below, I have determined that Mr. Seawalt's appeal should be granted in part and his complaint remanded for further processing. I. Background A. The DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program The DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program is set forth at 10 C.F.R. Part 708. The DOE recently

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Case No. VWJ-0001  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VWJ-0001 VWJ-0001 June 29, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Protective Order Name of Petitioner:Nicholas Dominguez Date of Filing: June 25, 1999 Case Number:VWJ-0001 On April 20, 1999, Nicholas Dominguez filed a request for hearing under the Department of Energy's Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708 (Case No. LWA- 0006). Dominguez alleges that his former employer, Lockheed Martin Energy Research Corporation (Lockheed Martin), retaliated against him for disclosing information concerning possible safety issues. Dominguez seeks discovery of Lockheed Martin documents that the firm claims are confidential business documents. Lockheed Martin has agreed to provide these documents pursuant to the attached Protective Order that has been agreed to by counsel for Dominguez. The parties ask that the attached Agreed

382

Product Efficiency Cases  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

product-efficiency-cases Office of Hearings and product-efficiency-cases Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC, 20585 202-287-1566 en EXC-13-0004 - In the Matter of Liebherr Canada Ltd. http://energy.gov/oha/downloads/exc-13-0004-matter-liebherr-canada-ltd EXC-13-0004 - In the Matter of Liebherr Canada Ltd.

383

Case No. VBZ-0005  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

05 05 October 4, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motion to Dismiss Name of Petitioner: Fluor Daniel Fernald Date of Filing: September 7, 1999 Case Number: VBZ-0005 This decision will consider a Motion to Dismiss Fluor Daniel Fernald (FDF) filed on September 7, 1999. FDF moves to dismiss a Complaint filed by Thomas W. Dwyer under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Mr. Dwyer's Complaint has been assigned Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Case No. VBH-0005. I. Background The Department of Energy established its Contractor Employee Protection Program to safeguard "public and employee health and safety; ensur[e] compliance with applicable laws, rules, and regulations; and prevent[] fraud, mismanagement, waste, and abuse" at DOE's Government-owned or -leased facilities.

384

Case No. VBU-0047  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

47 47 April 17, 2000 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Decision of the Director Name of Case: Edward J. Seawalt Date of Filing: March 20, 2000 Case Number: VBU-0047 Edward J. Seawalt (the Complainant) appeals the second dismissal of his whistleblower complaint. In a prior decision, I remanded the first dismissal for consideration of whether good reason existed for the Complainant's late filing of his complaint. Edward J. Seawalt, 27 DOE ¶ ____ (1999) (Seawalt). As explained below, I have determined that the Complainant has shown good reason for the late filing of his complaint and, therefore, that the complaint should be remanded for further processing. I. Background A. The DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program The DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program is set forth at 10 C.F.R. Part 708. The DOE's new Part

385

Case No. VWD-0007  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 August 24, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motion for Discovery Name of Petitioner:Linda D. Gass Date of Filing: August 11, 1999 Case Number: VWD-0007 This determination will consider a Motion for Discovery filed with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) by Linda D. Gass. This Motion, dated August 10, 1999, concerns the hearing requested by Ms. Gass under the Department of Energy's Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708 (Part 708). She requested this hearing on January 12, 1999 (Case No. VWA- 0041) in connection with the Part 708 complaint she filed against Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc. (LMES). I. Background Ms. Gass began working for LMES in March 1982. In her Complaint, Ms. Gass alleged that in 1991 she

386

Picosecond laser structuration under high pressures: Observation of boron nitride nanorods  

SciTech Connect

We report on picosecond UV-laser processing of hexagonal boron nitride (BN) at moderately high pressures above 500 bar. The main effect is specific to the ambient gas and laser pulse duration in the ablation regime: when samples are irradiated by 5 or 0.45 ps laser pulses in nitrogen gas environment, multiple nucleation of a new crystalline product-BN nanorods-takes place. This process is triggered on structural defects, which number density strongly decreases upon recrystallization. Nonlinear photon absorption by adsorbed nitrogen molecules is suggested to mediate the nucleation growth. High pressure is responsible for the confinement and strong backscattering of ablation products. A strong surface structuring also appears at longer 150 ps laser irradiation in similar experimental conditions. However, the transformed product in this case is amorphous strongly contaminated by boron suboxides B{sub x}O{sub y}.

Museur, Luc [Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers-LPL CNRS, Institut Galilee, Universite Paris 13, 93430 Villetaneuse (France); Petitet, Jean-Pierre; Kanaev, Andrei V. [Laboratoire d' Ingenierie des Materiaux et des Hautes Pressions-LIMHP CNRS, Institut Galilee, Universite Paris 13, 93430 Villetaneuse (France); Michel, Jean-Pierre [Laboratoire d' Ingenierie des Materiaux et des Hautes Pressions-LIMHP CNRS, Institut Galilee, Universite Paris 13, 93430 Villetaneuse (France); Laboratoire des Proprietes Mecaniques et Thermodynamiques des Materiaux-LPMTM CNRS, Institut Galilee, Universite Paris 13, 93430 Villetaneuse (France); Marine, Wladimir [Centre Interdisciplinaire de Nanoscience de Marseille-CINaM, UPR CNRS 3118, Faculte des Science de Luminy, 13288 Marseille (France); Anglos, Demetrios [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas (IESL-FORTH), 71110 Heraklion, Crete (Greece); Fotakis, Costas [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas (IESL-FORTH), 71110 Heraklion, Crete (Greece); Department of Physics, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete (Greece)

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

High PRF high current switch  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A triggerable, high voltage, high current, spark gap switch for use in pu power systems. The device comprises a pair of electrodes in a high pressure hydrogen environment that is triggered by introducing an arc between one electrode and a trigger pin. Unusually high repetition rates may be obtained by undervolting the switch, i.e., operating the trigger at voltages much below the self-breakdown voltage of the device.

Moran, Stuart L. (Fredericksburg, VA); Hutcherson, R. Kenneth (College Park, MD)

1990-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

388

WCI Case for Coal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coal Coal The role of as an energy source The role of coal as an energy source Key Messages * Energy demand has grown strongly and will continue to increase, particularly in developing countries where energy is needed for economic growth and poverty alleviation. * All energy sources will be needed to satisfy that demand by providing a diverse and balanced supply mix. * Coal is vital for global energy security. It is abundantly available, affordable, reliable and easy and safe to transport. * In an energy hungry world the challenge for coal, as for other fossil fuels, is to further substantially reduce its greenhouse gas and other emissions, while continuing to make a major contribution to economic and social development and energy security. * Coal is part way down a technology pathway that has already delivered major

389

Electrical resistance tomography from measurements inside a steel cased borehole  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electrical resistance tomography (ERT) produced from measurements taken inside a steel cased borehole. A tomographic inversion of electrical resistance measurements made within a steel casing was then made for the purpose of imaging the electrical resistivity distribution in the formation remotely from the borehole. The ERT method involves combining electrical resistance measurements made inside a steel casing of a borehole to determine the electrical resistivity in the formation adjacent to the borehole; and the inversion of electrical resistance measurements made from a borehole not cased with an electrically conducting casing to determine the electrical resistivity distribution remotely from a borehole. It has been demonstrated that by using these combined techniques, highly accurate current injection and voltage measurements, made at appropriate points within the casing, can be tomographically inverted to yield useful information outside the borehole casing.

Daily, William D. (Livermore, CA); Schenkel, Clifford (Walnut Creek, CA); Ramirez, Abelardo L. (Pleasanton, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Early growth technology analysis : case studies in solar energy and geothermal energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public and private organizations try to forecast the future of technological developments and allocate funds accordingly. Based on our interviews with experts from MIT's Entrepreneurship Center, Sloan School of Management, ...

Kaya Firat, Ayse

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Impact of Urban Growth on Surface Climate: A Case Study in Oran, Algeria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors develop a land use map discriminating urban surfaces from other cover types over a semiarid region in North Africa and use it in a land surface model to assess the impact of urbanized land on surface energy, water, and carbon ...

Lahouari Bounoua; Abdelmounaine Safia; Jeffrey Masek; Christa Peters-Lidard; Marc L. Imhoff

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

High speed flywheel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates generally to flywheels and relates more particularly to the construction of a high speed, low-mass flywheel. Flywheels with which this invention is to be compared include those constructed of circumferentially wound filaments or fibers held together by a matrix or bonding material. Flywheels of such construction are known to possess a relatively high hoop strength but a relatively low radial strength. Hoop-wound flywheels are, therefore, particularly susceptible to circumferential cracks, and the radial stress limitations of such a flywheel substantially limit its speed capabilities. It is an object of the present invention to provide a new and improved flywheel which experiences reduced radial stress at high operating speeds. Another object of the present invention is to provide flywheel whose construction allows for radial growth as flywheel speed increases while providing the necessary stiffness for transferring and maintaining kinetic energy within the flywheel. Still another object of the present invention is to provide a flywheel having concentrically-disposed component parts wherein rotation induced radial stresses at the interfaces of such component parts approach zero. Yet another object of the present invention is to provide a flywheel which is particularly well-suited for high speed applications. 5 figs.

McGrath, S.V.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Reallocating innovative resources around growth bottlenecks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economy-wide increasing returns to scale embodied in a general purpose technology (GPT) and its applications are often a key source of long-run growth. Yet the successful exploitation of increasing returns calls for ...

Bresnahan, Timothy

394

The exponential growth of lattice paths. - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

? ? R. +. ,? ? 0. Goal: Given model QS, find ?S. This is the exponential growth factor. We write qS >results based on singu- larity analysis of .... matics and Theoretical Computer Science, 2009.

395

Unlocking Growth Opportunities for Minority Businesses Through...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

salaries around 80,000 a year and 5.4 million of economic growth. At the Energy Innovation Portal, the Department's hub for technology transfer resources, minority owned firms...

396

Optimal Growth of Antarctic Circumpolar Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Generalized stability theory is applied to a simple dynamical model of interannual ocean–atmosphere variability in the southern midlatitudes to determine the perturbations that create the most rapid growth of energy in the system. The model is ...

Christopher M. Aiken; Matthew H. England; Christopher J. C. Reason

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Material Growth and Characterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2013 ... Advanced Materials for Power Electronics, Power Conditioning, and Power .... due to a historical lack of native substrates and challenges in selectively ... have been optimized to provide equal growth rates of both polarities.

398

SunShot Initiative: Fostering Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Growth The solar energy industry in the United States is growing rapidly as the price of solar panels has decreased over the past decade. U.S. solar installations doubled from...

399

Precipitation Growth Trajectories in a CCOPE Storm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The growth trajectories of precipitation particles that attain diameters from 0.5 to 2.0 cm are modeled within the wind field of a small, relatively steady-state, southeastern Montana thunderstorm. The trajectories are calculated backwards, from ...

Charles A. Knight; Kevin R. Knupp

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Mesoporous titania nanocrystals by hydrothermal template growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mesoporous TiO2 nanocrystals have been synthetized by a classical sol-gel route integrated by an hydrothermal growth step using monomeric (dodecylpyridinium chloride, DPC) or dimeric gemini-like (GS3) surfactants as template directing agents. ...

Giuseppe Cappelletti; Silvia Ardizzone; Francesca Spadavecchia; Daniela Meroni; Iolanda Biraghi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

New Jersey Business Growth Fund (New Jersey)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Creditworthy small or mid-sized companies that are creating or retaining jobs in New Jersey can apply for financing through the New Jersey Business Growth Fund, a joint program of the EDA and PNC...

402

SunShot Initiative: Fostering Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fostering Growth The solar energy industry in the United States is growing rapidly as the price of solar panels has decreased over the past decade. U.S. solar installations doubled...

403

Essays in the theory of economic growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a collection of three theoretical essays on institutions and economic growth. Chapter 1 considers a particular institution: ethnicity. Ethnic, religious and tribal divisions are empirically associated with ...

Lester, Ashley

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Optimal Growth Rates in the Quasigeostrophic Initial Value Problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large class of wave structures in quasigeostrophic flow have instantaneous growth rates significantly larger than normal-mode growth rates. Since energy and potential enstrophy growth rates can be defined as functions of the perturbation ...

Enda O'Brien

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Oil Prices, External Income, and Growth: Lessons from Jordan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper extends the long-run growth model of Esfahani et al. (2012a) to a labour exporting country that receives large in‡ows of external income – the sum of remittances, FDI and general government transfers – from major oil exporting economies. The theoretical model predicts real oil prices to be one of the main long-run drivers of real output. Using quarterly data between 1979 and 2009 on core macroeconomic variables for Jordan and a number of key foreign variables, we identify two long-run relationships: an output equation as predicted by theory and an equation linking foreign and domestic in‡ation rates. It is shown that real output in the long run is shaped by (i) oil prices through their impact on external income and in turn on capital accumulation, and (ii) technological transfers through foreign output. The empirical analysis of the paper con…rms the hypothesis that a large share of Jordan’s output volatility can be associated with ‡uctuations in net income received from abroad (arising from oil price shocks). External factors, however, cannot be relied upon to provide similar growth stimuli in the future, and therefore it will be important to diversify the sources of growth in order to achieve a high and sustained level of income.

Kamiar Mohaddes A; Mehdi Raissi B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Survival and growth of 31 Populus clones in South Carolina.  

SciTech Connect

Abstract Populus species and hybrids have many practical applications, but clonal performance is relatively undocumented in the southeastern United States outside of the Mississippi River alluvial floodplain. In spring 2001, 31 Populus clones were planted on two sites in South Carolina, USA. The sandy, upland site received irrigation and fertilization throughout the growing season, while the bottomland site received granular fertilizer yearly and irrigation in the first two years only. Over three growing seasons, tree survival and growth differed significantly among clones at both sites. Hybrid clones I45/51, Eridano, and NM6 had very high survival at both sites, while pure eastern cottonwood (P. deltoides) clones consistently had the lowest survival. Nearly all mortality occurred during the first year. The P. deltoides clone WV416 grew well at both sites, P. deltoides clones S13C20 and Kentucky 8 grew well at the bottomland site, and hybrids 184-411 and 52-225 grew well at the upland site. Based on both survival and growth, clones 311-93, S7C15, 184-411, and WV416 may warrant additional testing in the upper coastal plain region of the southeastern US. Kentucky 8 and S13C20 had excellent growth rates, but initial survival was low. However, this was likely due to planting stock quality. We emphasize this is preliminary information, and that clones should be followed through an entire rotation before large-scale deployment.

Coyle, David R.; Coleman, Mark D.; Durant, Jaclin A.; Newman, Lee A.

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

British Episodic Economic Growth 1850-1938  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.0054 1874-1886 0.0149 -0.0098 1887-1899 0.0292 +0.0143 1899-1913 0.0101 -0.0191 Table 4: Long Swings of GDP Based on Kalman Filter Phasing of Compromise Estimate of GDP GROWTH RATE PER ANNUM INTER-PERIOD GROWTH CHANGE 1864-1876 0.0220 - 1876-1887 0.0157 -0...

Solomou, Solomos; Ristuccia, Cristiano A

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

408

Palladium chloride to palladium metal two-dimensional nucleation and growth phenomena  

SciTech Connect

The reduction of a monolayer of surface-bound Pd(II) to Pd(0) on a palladium substrate reveals two-dimensional nucleation and growth phenomena. Using well-known 2D nucleation-growth theories, this reduction is shown to proceed by an instantaneous nucleation and growth mechanism. However, when a submonolayer of Pd(II) is present, this mechanism fails to account for the experimentally observed high cathodic currents seen at zero time. A model incorporating preexisting Pd(0) cylindrical sites on the partially oxidized Pd(0) surface has been successfully applied to account for the discrepancy between the experimental results and current 2D theories. Using this modified 2D model, values for the mathematical product of cylindrical growth rate and the square root of the nucleation site densities have been determined, and the overpotential dependence of the growth rate has been confirmed and quantified. These 2D nucleation-growth phenomena have practical consequences on the performance of the Pd(II)/Pd(0) system as a faradaic supercapacitor, and probably on the performance of other 2D faradaic supercapacitor systems. In addition, because many electrodes undergo monolayer surface oxidation-reduction reactions in other solvent systems, especially aqueous electrolytes, these 2D nucleation-growth phenomena may play a role in these important surface-modifying redox systems as well.

Long, H.C. de; Carlin, R.T. [Air Force Academy, CO (United States). Frank J. Seiler Research Lab.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

HIGHLY AUTOMATED MACROMOLECULAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AUTOMATED MACROMOLECULAR AUTOMATED MACROMOLECULAR CRYSTALLOGRAPHY BEAMLINE (AMX) Group Leader: Dieter Schneider Proposal Team: M. Allaire 1 , L. Berman 1 , M. Chance 2 , W. Hendrickson 3 , A. Héroux 1 , J. Jakoncic 1 , A. Orville 1 , H. Robinson 1 , D. Schneider 1 , W. Shi 2 , A. Soares 1 , V. Stojanoff 1 , R. Sweet 1 1 Brookhaven National Laboratory, 2 Case Western Reserve University, 3 Columbia University MISSION APPLICATIONS AND CAPABILITIES ADDITIONAL INFORMATION * AMX at NSLS-II will provide structural biologists with ready access to an advanced macromolecular crystallography (MX) beamline for the elucidation of structure and function of macromolecular complexes. * Its high flux, tunable energy, and natively small focal spot will make it a crystallographer's preferred beamline. * Its high degree of automation will provide a high throughput

410

FT Duplication Coordinates Reproductive and Vegetative Growth  

SciTech Connect

Annual plants grow vegetatively at early developmental stages and then transition to the reproductive stage, followed by senescence in the same year. In contrast, after successive years of vegetative growth at early ages, woody perennial shoot meristems begin repeated transitions between vegetative and reproductive growth at sexual maturity. However, it is unknown how these repeated transitions occur without a developmental conflict between vegetative and reproductive growth. We report that functionally diverged paralogs FLOWERING LOCUS T1 (FT1) and FLOWERING LOCUS T2 (FT2), products of whole-genome duplication and homologs of Arabidopsis thaliana gene FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), coordinate the repeated cycles of vegetative and reproductive growth in woody perennial poplar (Populus spp.). Our manipulative physiological and genetic experiments coupled with field studies, expression profiling, and network analysis reveal that reproductive onset is determined by FT1 in response to winter temperatures, whereas vegetative growth and inhibition of bud set are promoted by FT2 in response to warm temperatures and long days in the growing season. The basis for functional differentiation between FT1 and FT2 appears to be expression pattern shifts, changes in proteins, and divergence in gene regulatory networks. Thus, temporal separation of reproductive onset and vegetative growth into different seasons via FT1 and FT2 provides seasonality and demonstrates the evolution of a complex perennial adaptive trait after genome duplication.

Hsu, Chuan-Yu [Mississippi State University (MSU); Adams, Joshua P. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Kim, Hyejin [Mississippi State University (MSU); No, Kyoungok [Mississippi State University (MSU); Ma, Caiping [Oregon State University, Corvallis; Strauss, Steven [Oregon State University, Corvallis; Drnevich, Jenny [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Wickett, Norman [Pennsylvania State University; Vandervelde, Lindsay [Mississippi State University (MSU); Ellis, Jeffrey D. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Rice, Brandon [Mississippi State University (MSU); Gunter, Lee E [ORNL; Tuskan, Gerald A [ORNL; Brunner, Amy M. [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Page, Grier P. [RTI International; Carlson, John E. [Pennsylvania State University; DePamphilis, Claude [Pennsylvania State University; Luthe, Dawn S. [Pennsylvania State University; Yuceer, Cetin [Mississippi State University (MSU)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Case No. VBH-0036  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 September 23, 1999 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Initial Agency Decision Name of Complainant: XXXXXXX Date of Filing: August 24, 1999 Case Number: VBH-0036 XXXXXXX (the complainant) filed a complaint against his employer, Fluor Daniel, Inc. (FDI), and two other DOE contractors, Duke Engineering & Services (DE&S) and TRW Environmental Safety Systems (TRW), pursuant to the DOE's Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In that complaint, the complainant alleges that he suffered reprisals because he had made a disclosure that is protected by Part 708. I. Background The Contractor Employee Protection Program was established to encourage contractor employees to

412

Growth of Quantum Wires on Step-Bunched Substrate  

SciTech Connect

This proposal initiates a combined theoretical and experimental multidisciplinary research effort to explore a novel approach for growing metallic and magnetic nanowires on step-bunched semiconductor and dielectric substrates, and to lay the groundwork for understanding the growth mechanisms and the electronic, electrical, and magnetic properties of metallic and magnetic nanowires. The research will focus on four topics: (1) fundamental studies of step bunching and self-organization in a strained thin film for creating step-bunched substrates. (2) Interaction between metal adatoms (Al,Cu, and Ni) and semiconductor (Si and SiGe) and dielectric (CaF2) surface steps. (3) growth and characterization of metallic and magnetic nanowires on step-bunched templates. (4) fabrication of superlattices of nanowires by growing multilayer films. We propose to attack these problems at both a microscopic and macroscopic level, using state-of-the-art theoretical and experimental techniques. Multiscale (electronic-atomic-continuum) theories will be applied to investigate growth mechanisms of nanowires: mesoscopic modeling and simulation of step flow growth of strained thin films, in particular, step bunching and self-organization will be carried out within the framework of continuum linear elastic theory; atomistic calculation of interaction between metal adatoms and semiconductor and dielectric surface steps will be done by large-scale computations using first-principles total-energy methods. In parallel, thin films and nanowires will be grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE), and the resultant structure and morphology will be characterized at the atomic level up to micrometer range, using a combination of different surface/interface probes, including scanning tunneling microscopy (STM, atomic resolution), atomic force microscopy (AFM, nanometer resolution), low-energy electron microscopy (LEEM, micrometer resolution), reflectance high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED), and x-ray diffraction. Finally, the electronic, electrical, and magnetic properties of the thin films and nanowires will be explored by both theory and experiment.

Liu, Feng

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Utility-scale installations lead solar photovoltaic growth - Today ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... led by particularly strong growth in both utility-scale PV and commercial sector PV capacity. Although 2011 was a record year for solar PV growth, ...

414

Growth History Of Kilauea Inferred From Volatile Concentrations...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Growth History Of Kilauea Inferred From Volatile Concentrations In Submarine-Collected Basalts Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Growth...

415

NREL: Technology Transfer - 21st Industry Growth Forum Photos  

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technology Transfer 21 st Industry Growth Forum Photos. From NREL's 21st Industry Growth Forum on Oct. 28-30, 2008, in Denver ...

416

NREL: Technology Transfer - 21st Industry Growth Forum ...  

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technology Transfer 21 st Industry Growth Forum Presentations. Here you'll find presentations from NREL's 21 st Industry Growth ...

417

Characterization of Elevated Temperature Fatigue Crack Growth Rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

temperature fatigue and the crack growth rates may be adequately correlated with the ... During creep crack growth the use of rate dependent elastic/plastic frac-.

418

Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...

419

Revealing the rapid isothermal growth of graphene on catalytic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Synthesis from Atoms to Systems Revealing the rapid isothermal growth of graphene on catalytic substrates July 01, 2013 Optical reflectivity tracks the rapid growth of...

420

The Effect of Microstructure on the Fatigue Crack Growth Resistance ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

GROWTH RESISTANCE OF NICKEL BASE SUF'RRALLOYS. Randy Bowman ... damage are most resistant to crack growth. ... crack propagation. (FCP) was ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

EIA - Forecasts and Analysis of Energy Data  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2025) High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2025) Formats High Economic Growth Case Data Projection Tables (1 to 13 complete) Excel PDF Table Title Table B1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region, High Economic Growth Case Excel PDF Table B2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel, High Economic Growth Case Excel PDF Table B3 World Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by Region, High Economic Growth Case Excel PDF Table B4 World Oil Consumption by Region, High Economic Growth Case Excel PDF Table B5 World Natural Cas Consumption by Region, High Economic Growth Case Excel PDF Table B6 World Coal Consumption by Region, High Economic Growth Case Excel PDF Table B7 World Nuclear Energy Consumption by Region, High Economic Growth Case Excel PDF Table B8 World Consumption of Hydroelectricity and Other Renewable Energy by Region, High Economic Growth Case

422

Apparatus for silicon web growth of higher output and improved growth stability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This disclosure describes an apparatus to improve the web growth attainable from prior web growth configurations. This apparatus modifies the heat loss at the growth interface in a manner that minimizes thickness variations across the web, especially regions of the web adjacent to the two bounding dendrites. In the unmodified configuration, thinned regions of web, adjacent to the dendrites, were found to be the origin of crystal degradation which ultimately led to termination of the web growth. According to the present invention, thinning adjacent to the dendrites is reduced and the incidence of crystal degradation is similarly reduced. 13 figs.

Duncan, C.S.; Piotrowski, P.A.

1989-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

423

Apparatus for silicon web growth of higher output and improved growth stability  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This disclosure describes an apparatus to improve the web growth attainable from prior web growth configurations. This apparatus modifies the heat loss at the growth interface in a manner that minimizes thickness variations across the web, especially regions of the web adjacent to the two bounding dendrites. In the unmodified configuration, thinned regions of web, adjacent to the dendrites, were found to be the origin of crystal degradation which ultimately led to termination of the web growth. According to the present invention, thinning adjacent to the dendrites is reduced and the incidence of crystal degradation is similarly reduced.

Duncan, Charles S. (Penn Hills, PA); Piotrowski, Paul A. (Monroeville, PA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Case-Based Design Support: A Case Study in Architectural Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Archie, a small computer-based library of architectural design cases, is described. Archie helps architects in the high-level task of conceptual design as opposed to low-level tasks such as drawing and drafting, numerical calculations, and constraint ...

Michael Pearce; Ashok K. Goel; Janet L. Kolodner; Craig Zimring; Lucas Sentosa; Richard Billington

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

NCCoE - Use Case  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Health IT: Mobile Devices Use Case. Energy. ... system for mobile devices server* • Mobile device management server* • Auditing mobile device ...

426

New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector August 23, 2012 - 12:20pm Addthis New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs

427

A robust numerical scheme for highly compressible magnetohydrodynamics: Nonlinear stability, implementation and tests  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ideal MHD equations are a central model in astrophysics, and their solution relies upon stable numerical schemes. We present an implementation of a new method, which possesses excellent stability properties. Numerical tests demonstrate that the theoretical stability properties are valid in practice with negligible compromises to accuracy. The result is a highly robust scheme with state-of-the-art efficiency. The scheme's robustness is due to entropy stability, positivity and properly discretised Powell terms. The implementation takes the form of a modification of the MHD module in the FLASH code, an adaptive mesh refinement code. We compare the new scheme with the standard FLASH implementation for MHD. Results show comparable accuracy to standard FLASH with the Roe solver, but highly improved efficiency and stability, particularly for high Mach number flows and low plasma beta. The tests include 1D shock tubes, 2D instabilities and highly supersonic, 3D turbulence. We consider turbulent flows with RMS sonic Mach numbers up to 10, typical of gas flows in the interstellar medium. We investigate both strong initial magnetic fields and magnetic field amplification by the turbulent dynamo from extremely high plasma beta. The energy spectra show a reasonable decrease in dissipation with grid refinement, and at a resolution of 512^3 grid cells we identify a narrow inertial range with the expected power-law scaling. The turbulent dynamo exhibits exponential growth of magnetic pressure, with the growth rate twice as high from solenoidal forcing than from compressive forcing. Two versions of the new scheme are presented, using relaxation-based 3-wave and 5-wave approximate Riemann solvers, respectively. The 5-wave solver is more accurate in some cases, and its computational cost is close to the 3-wave solver.

Knut Waagan; Christoph Federrath; Christian Klingenberg

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

428

Epitaxial silicon growth for solar cells. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objectives of this contract were: (1) to determine the feasibility of silicon epitaxial growth on low-cost silicon substrates for the development of silicon sheet capable of producing low-cost, high efficiency solar cells; (2) to achieve a goal of 12% (AM-0) efficient solar cells fabricated on thin epitaxial layers (<25 ..mu..m) grown on low-cost substrates; and (3) to evaluate the add-on cost for the epitaxial process and to develop low-cost epitaxial growth procedures for application in conjunction with low-cost silicon substrates. The basic epitaxial procedures and solar-cell fabrication and evaluation techniques are described, followed by a discussion of the development of baseline epitaxial solar-cell structures, grown on high-quality conventional silicon substrates. This work resulted in the definition of three basic structures which reproducibly yielded efficiencies in the range of 12 to 13.7%. These epitaxial growth procedures and baseline structures were then used to grow diagnostic layers and solar cells on four potentially low-cost silicon substrates. A description of the crystallographic properties of such layers and the performance of epitaxially grown solar cells fabricated on these materials is given. The major results were the achievement of cell efficiencies of 10.6 to 11.2% on multigrained substrates and approx. 13% on a low-cost single-crystal substrate. An advanced epitaxial reactor, the Rotary Disc, is described. The results of growing solar-cell structures of the baseline type and on low-cost substrates are given. The add-on cost for the epitaxial process is assessed. These cost estimates show a value of approx. 0.46/W using existing or near-term technologies and project an add-on cost of $0.10/W for future reactors.

D'Aiello, R.V.; Robinson, P.H.; Richman, D.

1979-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Case No. VWA-0037  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 September 27, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Ann Johndro-Collins Date of Filing: April 27, 1999 Case Number: VWA-0037 This Decision considers a complaint of retaliation and request for relief filed by Ann Johndro-Collins (the Complainant) under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. The Complainant alleged that her employer, Fluor Daniel Hanford (FDH), retaliated against her for making a protected disclosure as defined in the Part 708 regulations. As explained below, I have concluded that the Complainant's request for relief should be denied. BACKGROUND Procedural Background The Complainant filed a complaint with the DOE's Office of Inspections, Office of the Inspector General,

430

Item Subject FAR Case  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-53 Item Subject FAR Case I. Equal Opportunity for Veterans 2009-007 II. Unique Procurement Instrument Identifier 2009-023 III. Uniform Suspension and Debarment Requirement 2009-036 IV. Extension of Sunset Date for Protests of Task and 2011-015 Delivery Orders V. Encouraging Contractor Policies to Ban Text Messaging 2009-028 While Driving. VI. TINA Interest Calculations 2009-034 Item I--Equal Opportunity for Veterans (FAR 2009-007) The interim rule, published September 29, 2010, is adopted as final with minor changes. A definition from the clause at FAR 52.222-35 for ``executive and senior management'' is added to FAR subpart 22.13. The interim rule implemented Department of

431

Case No. VBH-0028  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 8 April 7, 2000 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Dr. Jiunn S. Yu Date of Filing: July 2, 1999 Case Number: VBH-0028 This decision considers a Complaint filed by Dr. Jiunn S. Yu (Dr. Yu) against the Sandia Corporation (Sandia) under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, which is codified at 10 C.F.R. Part 708. I. Background The Department of Energy's Contractor Employee Protection Program was established to safeguard "public and employee health and safety; ensur[e] compliance with applicable laws, rules, and regulations; and prevent[] fraud, mismanagement, waste and abuse" at DOE's Government-owned or -leased facilities. 57 Fed. Reg. 7533 (March 3, 1992). Its primary purpose is to encourage contractor employees to disclose

432

Case No. VBA-0007  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 December 15, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal Name of Petitioner: Salvatore Gionfriddo Date of Filing: October 13, 1999 Case Number: VBA-0007 On October 13, 1999, Salvatore Gionfriddo ("Appellant" or "Complainant") filed a Notice of Appeal from an Initial Agency Decision by a Hearing Officer from the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In the Initial Agency Decision, the Hearing Officer dismissed a complaint filed by Mr. Gionfriddo under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Salvatore Gionfriddo, 27 DOE ¶ 87,528 (1999). I. Background A. The DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program The DOE's Contractor Employee Protection Program was established to safeguard "public and employee

433

Case No. VBH-0056  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 March 6, 2001 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner:Jean G. Rouse Date of Filing:November 7, 2000 Case Number: VBH-0056 This Initial Agency Decision concerns a whistleblower complaint filed by Jean G. Rouse (the Complainant) against her current employer, Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC), under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. WSRC is the management and operating contractor at the DOE's Savannah River Site in Aiken, South Carolina. The Complainant alleges that in June 2000, WSRC changed her job classification in retaliation for her having filed a whistleblower complaint against the company in 1998. As discussed below, I have determined that

434

Case No. VBZ-0003  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 June 21, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motion to Dismiss Name of Petitioner:Carl J. Blier Date of Filing:May 11, 1999 Case Number: VBZ-0003 This determination will consider a request to dismiss filed by Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) on May 11, 1999. ORAU seeks dismissal of the underlying complaint filed by Carl J. Blier under the Department of Energy's Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. This matter is before me as the investigator assigned to investigate Mr. Blier's complaint. I. Background Mr. Blier's Part 708 complaint arises from his employment with ORAU. In his complaint, Mr. Blier alleges that in April 1996 he became aware of possible irregularities regarding the approval of higher cost air-

435

Case No. VBH-0002  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 November 2, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner:Don W. Beckwith Date of Filing:February 2, 1998 Case Number: VBH-0002 This Initial Agency Decision concerns a whistleblower complaint filed by Don W. Beckwith (the Complainant) against his former employer, Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC), under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. At all times relevant to this proceeding, WSRC was the management and operating contractor at the DOE's Savannah River Site in Aiken, South Carolina. The Complainant alleges that in December 1997, he disclosed to WSRC that a WSRC management official had engaged in improper conduct. According to the Complainant, WSRC terminated him in January 1998 as a consequence of his disclosure. As discussed

436

Case No. VWA-0005  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

05 05 * The original of this document contains information which is subject to withholding from disclosure under 5 U.S.C. 552. Such material has been deleted from this copy and replaced with XXXXX's. DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Names of Petitioners:Daniel L. Holsinger K-Ray Security, Inc. Date of Filing:December 6, 1995 Case Numbers: VWA-0005 VWA-0009 I. Introduction This Decision involves a complaint filed by Daniel L. Holsinger (Holsinger) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In his complaint, Holsinger contends that certain reprisals were taken against him after he raised concerns relating to the possible theft of government property from the DOE's Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC). These reprisals

437

Case No. VWA-0041  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 July 11, 2000 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Lucy B. Smith Date of Filing: May 5, 1999 Case Number: VWA-0041 This Decision involves a whistleblower complaint filed by Lucy B. Smith (Smith) under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program. From September 1973 to March 1997, Smith was employed as a chemist at the DOE's Savannah River Site (SRS) by various contractors, the most recent of which was Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC). At the time of her termination, Smith worked at WSRC's Waste Management Laboratory. Smith alleges that in retaliation for making a number of health and safety disclosures WSRC terminated her pursuant to a January 1997 Reduction-in-

438

Case No. VWA-0021  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21 21 June 1, 1998 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Carlos M. Castillo Date of Filing: February 2, 1998 Case Number: VWA-0021 This Decision involves a complaint filed by Carlos M. Castillo (Castillo or "the complainant") under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Castillo is the former employee of a DOE contractor, Kiewit Construction Company (Kiewit), and alleges in his complaint that during that employment certain reprisals were taken against him by Kiewit as a result of his raising a concern related to safety. These alleged reprisals include the complainant's wrongful termination from employment and, after he had been rehired, being improperly selected for a company layoff. After a

439

Case No. VBA-0005  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 July 24, 2000 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal Name of Petitioner: Thomas Dwyer Date of Filing: May 23, 2000 Case Number: VBA-0005 This Decision considers an Appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued on May 2, 2000, involving a complaint filed by Thomas Dwyer (Dwyer or the complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In his complaint, Dwyer claims that Fluor Daniel Fernald (FDF), a DOE contractor, suspended and then terminated his employment in retaliation for his making disclosures that are protected under Part 708. In the IAD, however, the Hearing Officer determined that FDF had shown that it would have terminated the complainant for his misconduct, even in the absence of the protected disclosures. As set forth in this decision, I have determined that Dwyer's

440

Case No. VBH-0060  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

60 60 November 1, 2001 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner:Robert Burd Date of Filing:March 27, 2001 Case Number: VBH-0060 This Decision addresses the complaint filed by Robert Burd (Complainant) against his former employer, Mason and Hangar Corporation (the employer), pursuant to the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Complainant alleges that the employer wrongfully terminated him for raising safety concerns. For the reasons set forth below, the complaint will be granted. I. Procedural History Complainant filed his Part 708 complaint on October 13, 2000 with the DOE Albuquerque Operations Office (DOE/AOO). At all times relevant to the complaint, the employer was the primary management and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Case No. VWA-0026  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 February 17, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Hearing Officer Decision Name of Petitioner: Joseph Carson Date of Filing: October 26, 1998 Case Number: VWA-0026 This Decision involves the referral of a whistleblower matter involving Joseph Carson (Carson), a Department of Energy (DOE) employee. Pursuant to an order of an administrative judge of the United States Merit Systems Protection Board (http://www.mspb.gov) (MSPB) that implemented a settlement agreement between the DOE and Carson, Carson was permitted to submit documents to the Office of Hearings and Appeals regarding six instances of retaliation that he claims occurred because of certain protected disclosures that he made. The DOE was also permitted to submit documents at the same time.

442

Case No. VWA-0036  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 November 8, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Robert Gardner Date of Filing: April 20, 1999 Case Number: VWA-0036 This Decision involves a complaint filed by Robert Gardner (Gardner or "Complainant") under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, codified at 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Gardner is a former employee of a DOE contractor, Rust GeoTech (Rust). He alleges that certain reprisals were taken against him by Rust, including denial of a merit pay increase in 1996 and interference with his prospects for future employment in retaliation for his protected disclosures to DOE management and public officials. On the basis of the hearing that was conducted and the record before me, I have concluded

443

Case No. VBA-0044  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 April 10, 2000 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal Name of Petitioner: Rosie L. Beckham Date of Filing: December 28, 1999 Case Number: VBA-0044 This Decision considers an Appeal of an Initial Agency Decision issued on December 13, 1999, involving a complaint filed by Rosie L. Beckham filed against her former employer, KENROB and Associates, Inc. (KENROB) under the DOE's Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Rosie L. Beckham, 27 DOE ¶ 87,543 (1999). In her complaint, Ms. Beckham alleges that KENROB, among other things, terminated her employment after she questioned the legality of the company's procurement practices. A Hearing Officer denied relief to Ms. Beckham, finding in the Initial Agency Decision that she had failed to make any disclosures protected under the Part 708 regulations. As set forth in this Decision, I

444

Case No. VBA-0032  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 November 26, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal Name of Petitioner: Roger H. Hardwick Date of Filing: July 26, 1999 Case Number: VBA-0032 This Decision considers an Appeal of an Initial Agency Decision issued on July 6, 1999, on a complaint filed by Roger H. Hardwick (Hardwick or the complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In his complaint, Hardwick seeks compensation for alleged retaliatory actions taken against him by Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), a DOE contractor, and by KenRob and Associates, Inc. (KenRob), his former employer under a subcontract with SAIC, as a result of making an alleged protected disclosure to DOE. In the Initial Agency Decision, however, the Hearing Officer determined that the complainant had failed to

445

Case No. VWA-0032  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 July 6, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Roger W. Hardwick Date of Filing: March 8, 1999 Case Number: VWA-0032 This Decision involves a complaint of reprisal filed by Roger W. Hardwick (also referred to as the Complainant) under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Mr. Hardwick was employed by KenRob and Associates, Inc. and worked as a subcontractor on a contract that the DOE awarded to Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC). Mr. Hardwick contends that in January 1994, he made a protected disclosure to the DOE concerning the manner in which SAIC was performing its DOE contract. Hardwick states that he was terminated from the subcontract two weeks after the disclosure and that KenRob terminated his

446

Case No. VBH-0059  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 9 December 21, 2001 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Hearing Officer Decision Name of Petitioner: Janet L. Westbrook Date of Filing: March 20, 2001 Case Number: VBH-0059 This Decision involves a complaint that Janet L. Westbrook (Westbrook) filed under the Department of Energy's Contractor Employee Protection Program against UT-Batelle, LLC, the contractor that manages the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (the Laboratory). That program is codified at Part 708 of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations. 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In her complaint, Westbrook maintains that she was retaliated against and ultimately discharged for making a series of disclosures about radiation safety at the Laboratory. I. The DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program

447

Case No. VBA-0011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 July 28, 2000 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal Names of Petitioner:Diane E. Meier Date of Filing:January 11, 2000 Case Number: VBA-0011 On January 11, 2000, Diane E. Meier (Meier) filed a Notice of Appeal from an Initial Agency Decision by a Hearing Officer from the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). The Decision denied the relief which Meier seeks in her complaint against Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) under the DOE's Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Diane E. Meier, 27 DOE ¶ 87,545 (1999) (Meier). In her Appeal, Meier challenges several aspects of the Initial Agency Decision and requests that her complaint be granted. As set forth in this decision, I have

448

Case No. VBA-0038  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 8 March 28, 2000 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal Name of Petitioner: Ann Johndro-Collins Date of Filing: October 29, 1999 Case Number: VBA-0038 This Decision considers an Appeal of an Initial Agency Decision issued on September 27, 1999, on a complaint filed by Ann Johndro-Collins (Johndro-Collins or the complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In her complaint, Johndro- Collins seeks compensation for alleged retaliatory actions taken against her by Fluor Daniel Hanford (FDH), a DOE contractor, as a result of making an alleged protected disclosure to DOE. As set forth in this decision, I have determined that Johndro-Collins's Appeal must be denied. I. Background A. The DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program

449

Case No. VBH-0014  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 December 29, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner:Roy Leonard Moxley Date of Filing:November 7, 1996 Case Number: VBH-0014 This Initial Agency Decision concerns a whistleblower complaint filed by Roy Leonard Moxley against his employer, Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC), under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. At all times relevant to this proceeding, WSRC was the management and operating contractor at the DOE's Savannah River Site in Aiken, South Carolina. Mr. Moxley alleges that during a period of at least two years, he made several disclosures to WSRC that its personnel practices were in violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). According

450

Case No. VWA-0031  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 August 6, 1999 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Barbara Nabb Date of Filing: February 25, 1999 Case Number: VWA-0031 I. Introduction This Decision involves a complaint filed by Mrs. Barbara Nabb under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In her complaint, Mrs. Nabb contends that reprisals were taken against her after she made certain disclosures concerning possible health and safety violations and mismanagement at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (Rocky Flats). These reprisals allegedly were taken by EG&G Rocky Flats, Inc. (EG&G) and by Kaiser-Hill Company, LLC (Kaiser Hill). EG&G was the managing and operating contractor of Rocky Flats beginning in December

451

Case No. VWR-0003  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VWR-0003 VWR-0003 September 20, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Motion for Reconsideration Name of Petitioner: Linda D. Gass Date of Filing: September 3, 1999 Case Number: VWR-0003 This decision will consider a "Motion to Revive Disclosures Dismissed Prior to the Enactment of Revisions to Part 708" Linda D. Gass filed on March 8, 1999. In her Motion, Ms. Gass requests that I reconsider an order issued on March 12, 1999, in which I dismissed in part her Complaint filed under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, 27 DOE ¶ 87,510 (1999). I. Background The Department of Energy established its Contractor Employee Protection Program to safeguard "public

452

Case No. VBH-0042  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

42 42 March 1, 2001 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Hearing Officer Decision Name of Petitioner: Richard R. Sena Date of Filing: February 24, 2000 Case Number: VBH-0042 This Decision involves a complaint filed by Richard R. Sena (Sena) against Sandia Corporation under the Department of Energy's Contractor Employee Protection Program. That program is codified at Part 708 of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations. 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In his complaint, Sena maintains that he was retaliated against and ultimately constructively discharged for disclosing that laboratory personnel were using the Internet improperly at Sandia National Laboratories. I. The DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program The Department of Energy's Contractor Employee Protection Program was established to safeguard

453

Case No. VBA-0041  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 March 13, 2000 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal Name of Petitioner: John L. Gretencord Date of Filing: November 26, 1999 Case Number: VBA-0041 This Decision considers an Appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued on November 4, 1999, involving a complaint filed by John L. Gretencord (Gretencord or the complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In his complaint, Gretencord claims that West Valley Nuclear Services, Inc.(West Valley), a DOE contractor, terminated his employment in retaliation for his making disclosures that are protected under Part 708. In the IAD, however, the Hearing Officer determined that West Valley had shown that it would have terminated the

454

Case No. VBH-0015  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 December 1, 1999 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Morris J. Osborne Date of Filing: June 28, 1999 Case Number: VBH-0015 This Decision involves a complaint filed by Mr. Morris J. Osborne (hereinafter the complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. The complainant contends that reprisals were taken against him after he made disclosures concerning the lack of electrical inspections at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Lab (INEEL). These alleged reprisals were taken by Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company (Lockheed). Lockheed was the managing and operating contractor of INEEL through September 30, 1999. Bechtel assumed Lockheed's

455

Case No. VWA-0014  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 February 5, 1997 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner:Charles Barry DeLoach Date of Filing:November 1, 1996 Case Number: VWA-0014 This Decision involves a whistleblower complaint filed by Charles Barry DeLoach (DeLoach) under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. For a four year period, DeLoach was employed by Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC), a DOE management and operating contractor, at DOE's Savannah River site (Savannah River). DeLoach alleges that during his tenure at WSRC, he made disclosures regarding health and safety issues to various supervisors or managers at Savannah River. On March 19, 1993, DeLoach was fired after an investigation

456

Case No. VWA-0033  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 November 4, 1999 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioners:Gretencord v. West Valley Nuclear Services Co., Inc. Date of Filing: March 19, 1999 Case Number: VWA-0033 This decision considers a Complaint filed by John L. Gretencord (Gretencord) against West Valley Nuclear Services, Inc. (West Valley) under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, which is codified at 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Mr. Gretencord requested a hearing on his Complaint under 10 C.F.R. Part 708 on March 19, 1999. I. Background The Department of Energy established its Contractor Employee Protection Program to safeguard "public and employee health and safety; ensur[e] compliance with applicable laws, rules, and regulations; and

457

Case No. VBH-0010  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 0 September 1, 2000 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Jagdish C. Laul Date of Filing: December 3, 1999 Case Number: VBH-0010 This Decision involves a complaint filed by Dr. Jagdish C. Laul (hereinafter the complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. The complainant contends that his dismissal by his employer, Excalibur Associates, Inc. (Excalibur) was a reprisal for his participation in a prior Part 708 proceeding. Excalibur is a subcontractor of Kaiser Hill Company (Kaiser) who is the managing and operating contractor of DOE's Rocky Flats Field Office (Rocky Flats). I. The DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program A. Regulatory Background

458

Case No. VWA-0018  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 8 May 21, 1998 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner:Thomas T. Tiller Date of Filing:November 17, 1997 Case Number: VWA-0018 This Decision concerns two whistleblower complaints filed by Thomas T. Tiller (Tiller) under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. At all times relevant to this proceeding, Tiller was employed by Wackenhut Services, Incorporated (Wackenhut), a DOE contractor that provides paramilitary security support services at the DOE's Savannah River Site in Aiken, South Carolina. Tiller contends in his first complaint that Wackenhut demoted him after he alleged that a senior level manager at Wackenhut had engaged in unethical and possible criminal conduct. In his

459

Case No. VBH-0024  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 March 1, 2000 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Matthew J. Rooks Date of Filing: July 6, 1999 Case Number: VBH-0024 This Initial Agency Decision considers a complaint filed by Matthew J. Rooks under the whistleblower protection program of the Department of Energy, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. As explained below, Rooks' complaint is denied. Background Rooks filed this complaint under the Part 708 regulations on November 17, 1998, and the Department's Office of the Inspector General began an investigation. While the investigation was pending, responsibility for conducting investigations of Part 708 complaints was transferred to the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA). 64 Fed. Reg. 12826 (March 15, 1999). The OHA issued a Report of Investigation on July 6, 1999. The Report, which I will discuss further below,

460

Case No. VBH-0017  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 July 18, 2000 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Jimmie L. Russell Date of Filing: October 12, 1999 Case Number: VBH-0017 This Initial Agency Decision involves a whistleblower complaint filed by Mr. Jimmie L. Russell under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In his complaint, Mr. Russell contends that reprisals were taken against him after he made certain disclosures concerning mismanagement, breaches in security procedures and safety violations at the DOE's Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). LANL is managed and operated by the University of California (the UC). At the time that he made the alleged disclosures, Mr. Russell worked at LANL for managers who

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high growth case" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Case No. VWA-0017  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 April 13, 1998 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Timothy E. Barton Date of Filing: June 27, 1994 Case Number: VWA-0017 This Decision involves a whistleblower complaint filed by Timothy E. Barton under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program. From June to September 1994, Barton was employed as a Quality Assurance/Safety Manager by R.E. Schweitzer Construction Company (RESCC), which was awarded a contract by the Fernald Environmental Restoration Management Corporation (FERMCO) to perform construction work on the Vitrification Pilot Plant at the DOE's Fernald site. Barton alleges that RESCC retaliated against him by terminating his employment for taking certain actions and

462

Case No. VBU-0077  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

77 77 October 25, 2001 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Decision of the Director Name of Petitioner: Ronald E. Timm Date of Filing: September 25, 2001 Case Number: VBU-0077 Ronald E. Timm (the Complainant), the President of RETA Security, a Department of Energy (DOE) subcontractor, appeals the dismissal of his whistleblower complaint filed under 10 C.F.R. Part 708, the DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program. On September 10, 2001, the Employee Concerns Program Manager at the DOE's Albuquerque Operations Office dismissed the Complainant's complaint for lack of jurisdiction. As explained below, I uphold the dismissal of the subject complaint. I. Background A. The DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program The regulations governing the DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program are set forth at 10 C.F.R.

463

Case No. VBH-0005  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 May 2, 2000 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Thomas Dwyer Date of Filing: June 23, 1999 Case Number: VBH-0005 This Decision involves a whistleblower complaint filed by Thomas Dwyer under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program. From January 1996 to October 1997, Mr. Dwyer was employed as a pipefitter by Fluor Daniel Fernald (FDF), a DOE contractor responsible for the cleanup of the Fernald Environmental Management Project, a former DOE uranium production facility located about 18 miles northwest of Cincinnati, Ohio. Mr. Dwyer alleges that FDF first suspended him and then terminated him in retaliation for taking certain actions and making health and safety disclosures.

464

Impact of Urban Effects on Precipitation in High Latitudes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This numerical study examines the impact of urban growth and release of aerosols, moisture, and heat on precipitation for Fairbanks, Alaska, a remote city at high latitude. The remote location allows atmospheric changes to be attributed to the ...

Nicole Mölders; Mark A. Olson

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Homogeneous Nucleation Rate for Highly Supercooled Cirrus Cloud Droplets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mixed-phase hydrometer growth model has been applied to determining the nucleation mode and rate responsible for the glaciation of a highly supercooled liquid cloud studied jointly by ground-based polarization lidar and aircraft in situ probes. ...

Kenneth Sassen; Gregory C. Dodd

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Toward Engineered, Useful Use Cases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore common problems that exist in the practice of use case modeling: lack of consistency in defining use cases, misalignment between the UML metamodel and the textual representations of use cases expounded in the literature, and the lack of a semantics that allows use cases to be executable and analyzable. We propose an engineering approach to the issues that can provide a precise foundation for use case development. We next discuss four potential uses of such a foundation and identify the research problems that must be addressed to support these applications.

Clay Williams; Matthew Kaplan; Tim Klinger; Amit Paradkar

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Subarctic atmospheric aerosol composition: 2. Hygroscopic growth properties  

SciTech Connect

Sub-arctic aerosols were sampled during July 2007 at the Abisko Scientific Research Station Stordalen site in northern Sweden with an instrument setup consisting of a custom-built Hygroscopicity Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer (HTDMA) connected in series to a single particle mass spectrometer. Aerosol chemical composition in the form of bipolar single particle mass spectra was determined as a function of hygroscopic growth both in situ and in real time. The HTDMA was deployed at a relative humidity of 82% and particles with a dry mobility diameter of 260 nm were selected. Aerosols from two distinct airmasses were analyzed during the sampling period. Sea salt aerosols were found to be the dominant particle group with the highest hygroscopicity. High intensities of sodium and related peaks in the mass spectra were identified as exclusive markers for large hygroscopic growth. Particles from biomass combustion were found to be the least hygroscopic aerosol category. Species normally considered soluble (e.g., sulfates and nitrates) were found in particles ranging from high to low hygroscopicity. Furthermore, the signal intensities of the peaks related to these species did not correlate with hygroscopicity.

Herich, Hanna; Kammermann, Lukas; Friedman, Beth; Gross, Deborah S.; Weingartner, E.; Lohmann, U.; Spichtinger, Peter; Gysel, Martin; Baltensperger, Urs; Cziczo, Daniel J.

2009-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

468

U. S. energy and economic growth, 1975--2010  

SciTech Connect

This study projects economic growth (GNP) and energy demand for the U.S. to the year 2010. The main finding is that both GNP and total energy demand are likely to grow significantly more slowly than has been assumed in most analyses of energy policy. Projections of energy, GNP, and electricity (total and per capita) are summarized, with electricity demand expected to grow more rapidly than total energy demand. Two scenarios designated ''high'' and ''low'' were developed in this study. However, even the ''high'' scenario, 126 quads (q; 1 q equals 10/sup 15/ Btu) in 2000, is much lower than most previous estimates. It is felt that this raises serious questions about fundamental energy and energy R and D policies which, generally, have been based on perceptions of more lavish energy futures. Although the aggregate demands and GNP are projected to increase rather modestly, the energy demands per capita and GNP per capita increase at rates comparable to or even higher than historic rates. The authors believe that the projections developed in this study represent a logical culmination of many trends toward lower growth. These trends have not yet been factored into the older energy projections upon which so much energy policy is based. 136 references.

Allen, E.L.; Cooper, C.L.; Edmonds, F.C.; Edmonds, J.A.; Reister, D.B.; Weinberg, A.M.; Whittle, C.E.; Zelby, L.W.

1976-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Growth of vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy  

SciTech Connect

We present growth and characterization of visible and near-infrared vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) grown by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy. Discussions on the growth issue of VCSEL materials include growth rate and composition control using an {ital in}{ital situ} normal-incidence reflectometer, comprehensive p- and n-type doping study in AlGaAs by CCl{sub 4} and Si{sub 2}H{sub 6} over the entire composition range, and optimization of ultra-high material uniformity. We also demonstrate our recent achievements of all-AlGaAs VCSELs which include the first room-temperature continuous- wave demonstration of 700-nm red VCSELs and high-efficiency and low- threshold voltage 850-nm VCSELs.

Hou, H.Q.; Hammons, B.E.; Crawford, M.H.; Lear, K.L.; Choquette, K.D.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Adsorption of organic molecules may explain growth of newly nucleated clusters and new particle formation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adsorption Adsorption of organic molecules may explain growth of newly nucleated clusters and new particle formation Jian Wang 1 and Anthony S. Wexler 2 Received 21 February 2013; revised 4 April 2013; accepted 5 April 2013. [1] New particle formation consists of homogeneous nucleation of thermodynamically stable clusters followed by growth of these clusters to a detectable size. For new particle formation to take place, these clusters need to grow sufficiently fast to escape coagulation with preexisting particles. Previous studies indicated that condensation of low-volatility organic vapor may play an important role in the initial growth of the clusters. However, due to the relatively high vapor pressure and partial molar volume of even highly oxidized organic compounds, the strong Kelvin effect may prevent typical ambient organics from condensing on these small clusters. Here we show

471

Photovoltaics as a worldwide energy option: A case study in development strategy  

SciTech Connect

Renewable energy technologies, such as solar thermal electric, photovoltaics (PV), and wind energy have made significant gains in cost and performance in the past decades. As a result, there have been high expectations on the part of the public for these sources to play a major role in future energy supply, especially as environmental concerns about conventional sources increase. Despite these past gains and high expectations, the global potential of renewable energy technologies still remains largely untapped, principally because of issues of industrialization and user acceptance. There is increasing recognition that government energy programs must incorporate a broader strategy than the traditional basic research role if they are to address these issues. Essential elements of this strategy are affordable technology, a healthy industry, sustained market growth, user acceptance, and equitable policy and financial environments. The US Department of Energy (DOE) programs in solar electric conversion have already started the development of the required broader-based effort. This paper presents the status of that work, utilizing the US National Photovoltaic Program as a case study.

Jones, G.; Pate, R.; Hill, R.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

472

Flow-Solution-Liquid-Solid Growth of Semiconductor Nanowires: A Novel Approach for Controlled Synthesis  

SciTech Connect

Semiconductor nanowires (SC-NWs) have potential applications in diverse technologies from nanoelectronics and photonics to energy harvesting and storage due to their quantum-confined opto-electronic properties coupled with their highly anisotropic shape. Here, we explore new approaches to an important solution-based growth method known as solution-liquid-solid (SLS) growth. In SLS, molecular precursors are reacted in the presence of low-melting metal nanoparticles that serve as molten fluxes to catalyze the growth of the SC-NWs. The mechanism of growth is assumed to be similar to that of vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) growth, with the clear distinctions of being conducted in solution in the presence of coordinating ligands and at relatively lower temperatures (<300 C). The resultant SC-NWs are soluble in common organic solvents and solution processable, offering advantages such as simplified processing, scale-up, ultra-small diameters for quantum-confinement effects, and flexible choice of materials from group III-V to groups II-VI, IV-VI, as well as truly ternary I-III-VI semiconductors as we recently demonstrates. Despite these advantages of SLS growth, VLS offers several clear opportunities not allowed by conventional SLS. Namely, VLS allows sequential addition of precursors for facile synthesis of complex axial heterostructures. In addition, growth proceeds relatively slowly compared to SLS, allowing clear assessments of growth kinetics. In order to retain the materials and processing flexibility afforded by SLS, but add the elements of controlled growth afforded by VLS, we transformed SLS into a flow based method by adapting it to synthesis in a microfluidic system. By this new method - so-called 'flow-SLS' (FSLS) - we have now demonstrated unprecedented fabrication of multi-segmented SC-NWs, e.g., 8-segmented CdSe/ZnSe defined by either compositionally abrupt or alloyed interfaces as a function of growth conditions. In addition, we have studied growth rates as a function of catalyst size/SC-NW diameter and shown for the first time that SLS is governed by Gibbs-Thomson effects. Lastly, from an applications standpoint, we report growth of SC-NWs from a range of substrates, including ITO-coated glass for fabrication of hybrid photovoltaic devices, comparing these to their quasi zero-dimensional quantum-dot counterparts.

Hollingsworth, Jennifer A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Palaniappan, Kumaranand [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Laocharoensuk, Rawiwan [National Science and Technology Center, Thailand; Smith, Nickolaus A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dickerson, Robert M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Casson, Joanna L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Baldwin, Jon K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

473

Flow-Solution-Liquid-Solid Growth of Semiconductor Nanowires: A Novel Approach for Controlled Synthesis  

SciTech Connect

Semiconductor nanowires (SC-NWs) have potential applications in diverse technologies from nanoelectronics and photonics to energy harvesting and storage due to their quantum-confined opto-electronic properties coupled with their highly anisotropic shape. Here, we explore new approaches to an important solution-based growth method known as solution-liquid-solid (SLS) growth. In SLS, molecular precursors are reacted in the presence of low-melting metal nanoparticles that serve as molten fluxes to catalyze the growth of the SC-NWs. The mechanism of growth is assumed to be similar to that of vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) growth, with the clear distinctions of being conducted in solution in the presence of coordinating ligands and at relatively lower temperatures (<300 C). The resultant SC-NWs are soluble in common organic solvents and solution processable, offering advantages such as simplified processing, scale-up, ultra-small diameters for quantum-confinement effects, and flexible choice of materials from group III-V to groups II-VI, IV-VI, as well as truly ternary I-III-VI semiconductors as we recently demonstrates. Despite these advantages of SLS growth, VLS offers several clear opportunities not allowed by conventional SLS. Namely, VLS allows sequential addition of precursors for facile synthesis of complex axial heterostructures. In addition, growth proceeds relatively slowly compared to SLS, allowing clear assessments of growth kinetics. In order to retain the materials and processing flexibility afforded by SLS, but add the elements of controlled growth afforded by VLS, we transformed SLS into a flow based method by adapting it to synthesis in a microfluidic system. By this new method - so-called 'flow-SLS' (FSLS) - we have now demonstrated unprecedented fabrication of multi-segmented SC-NWs, e.g., 8-segmented CdSe/ZnSe defined by either compositionally abrupt or alloyed interfaces as a function of growth conditions. In addition, we have studied growth rates as a function of catalyst size/SC-NW diameter and shown for the first time that SLS is governed by Gibbs-Thomson effects. Lastly, from an applications standpoint, we report growth of SC-NWs from a range of substrates, including ITO-coated glass for fabrication of hybrid photovoltaic devices, comparing these to their quasi zero-dimensional quantum-dot counterparts.

Hollingsworth, Jennifer A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Palaniappan, Kumaranand [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Laocharoensuk, Rawiwan [National Science and Technology Center, Thailand; Smith, Nickolaus A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dickerson, Robert M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Casson, Joanna L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Baldwin, Jon K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

474

NREL: Technology Transfer - 22nd Industry Growth Forum ...  

22nd Industry Growth Forum Presentations. ... Technology: Energy storage ... Technology Transfer Home; About Technology Transfer;

475

Klebsiella pneumoniae inoculants for enhancing plant growth  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A biological inoculant for enhancing the growth of plants is disclosed. The inoculant includes the bacterial strains Herbaspirillum seropedicae 2A, Pantoea agglomerans P101, Pantoea agglomerans P102, Klebsiella pneumoniae 342, Klebsiella pneumoniae zmvsy, Herbaspirillum seropedicae Z152, Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus PA15, with or without a carrier. The inoculant also includes strains of the bacterium Pantoea agglomerans and K. pneumoniae which are able to enhance the growth of cereal grasses. Also disclosed are the novel bacterial strains Herbaspirillum seropedicae 2A, Pantoea agglomerans P101 and P102, and Klebsiella pneumoniae 342 and zmvsy.

Triplett, Eric W. (Middleton, WI); Kaeppler, Shawn M. (Oregon, WI); Chelius, Marisa K. (Greeley, CO)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Monitoring hydraulic fracture growth: Laboratory experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors carry out small-scale hydraulic fracture experiments to investigate the physics of hydraulic fracturing. The laboratory experiments are combined with time-lapse ultrasonic measurements with active sources using both compressional and shear-wave transducers. For the time-lapse measurements they focus on ultrasonic measurement changes during fracture growth. As a consequence they can detect the hydraulic fracture and characterize its shape and geometry during growth. Hence, this paper deals with fracture characterization using time-lapse acoustic data. Hydraulic fracturing is used in the oil and gas industry to stimulate reservoir production.

Groenenboom, J.; Dam, D.B. van

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

A variation aware high level synthesis framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The worst-case delay/power of function units has been used in traditional high level synthesis to facilitate design space exploration. As technology scales to nanometer regime, the impact of process variations increases. The degree of variability encountered ...

Feng Wang; Guangyu Sun; Yuan Xie

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Cisco Systems Funds "Whisker" Growth Research at the ALS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cisco Systems Funds "Whisker" Growth Cisco Systems Funds "Whisker" Growth Research at the ALS Cisco Systems Funds "Whisker" Growth Research at the ALS Print Friday, 09 November 2012 10:06 Lead-free components have been increasingly used in electronics manufacturing since the European Union passed its 2003 Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive (RoHS), which banned the use of certain hazardous materials in electrical and electronic equipment. To ensure the long-term reliability of mission-critical equipment such as networking hardware, a significant amount of re