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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Results from high energy accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review some of the recent experimental results obtained at high-energy colliders with emphasis on LEP and SLC results.

G. Giacomelli; B. Poli

2002-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

2

The evolution of high energy accelerators  

SciTech Connect

In this lecture I would like to trace how high energy particle accelerators have grown from tools used for esoteric small-scale experiments to gigantic projects being hotly debated in Congress as well as in the scientific community.

Courant, E.D.

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

ACCELERATING POLARIZED PROTONS TO HIGH ENERGY.  

SciTech Connect

The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is designed to provide collisions of high energy polarized protons for the quest of understanding the proton spin structure. Polarized proton collisions at a beam energy of 100 GeV have been achieved in RHIC since 2001. Recently, polarized proton beam was accelerated to 250 GeV in RHIC for the first time. Unlike accelerating unpolarized protons, the challenge for achieving high energy polarized protons is to fight the various mechanisms in an accelerator that can lead to partial or total polarization loss due to the interaction of the spin vector with the magnetic fields. We report on the progress of the RHIC polarized proton program. We also present the strategies of how to preserve the polarization through the entire acceleration chain, i.e. a 200 MeV linear accelerator, the Booster, the AGS and RHIC.

BAI, M.; AHRENS, L.; ALEKSEEV, I.G.; ALESSI, J.; BEEBE-WANG, J.; BLASKIEWICZ, M.; BRAVAR, A.; BRENNAN, J.M.; BRUNO, D.; BUNCE, G.; ET AL.

2006-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

4

The evolution of high energy accelerators  

SciTech Connect

Accelerators have been devised and built for two reasons: In the first place, by physicists who needed high energy particles in order to have a means to explore the interactions between particles that probe the fundamental elementary forces of nature. And conversely, sometimes accelerator builders produce new machines for higher energy than ever before just because it can be done, and then challenge potential users to make new discoveries with the new means at hand. These two approaches or motivations have gone hand in hand. This lecture traces how high energy particle accelerators have grown from tools used for esoteric small-scale experiments to the gigantic projects of today. So far all the really high-energy machines built and planned in the world--except the SLC--have been ring accelerators and storage rings using the strong-focusing method. But this method has not removed the energy limit, it has only pushed it higher. It would seem unlikely that one can go beyond the Large Hadron Collider (LHC)--but in fact a workshop was held in Sicily in November 1991, concerned with the question of extrapolating to 100 TeV. Other acceleration and beam-forming methods are now being discussed--collective fields, laser acceleration, wake-field accelerators etc., all aimed primarily at making linear colliders possible and more attractive than with present radiofrequency methods. So far it is not entirely clear which of these schemes will dominate particle physics in the future--maybe something that has not been thought of as yet.

Courant, E.D.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Beam Dynamics Challenges in High Energy Physics Accelerators!  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Beam Dynamics Challenges in High Energy Physics Accelerators! Alexander Valishev! University/1/2014!A. Valishev | Beam Dynamics Challenges in HEP Accelerators!2! #12;The Olympic Motto for Accelerators! 12/1/2014!A. Valishev | Beam Dynamics Challenges in HEP Accelerators!3! ENERGY INTENSITY BRIGHTNESS

6

THE RADIOLOGICAL IMPACT OF HIGH-ENERGY ACCELERATORS ON THE ENVIRONMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-Energy Accelerators . • . 3.1 Introduction . • . . • .Energy Accelerators • . . 4.1 Introduction . . . . . . .Produced in Air by Accelerator Operation . (a) Radionuclides

Thomas, R.H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Particle Energy And Acceleration Efficiencies In Highly Relativistic Shocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we present an investigation of numerical Monte Carlo simulations of the diffusive shock acceleration in the test particle limit. Very high gamma flow astrophysical plasmas, have been used, from $\\gamma_{up}$ $\\sim50$ up to $\\gamma_{up}$ $\\sim1000$, which could be relevant to the suggested models of AGNs Jets and their Central Engines as well as the ultra-relativistic shock particle acceleration in Gamma Ray Burst (GRB) fireballs. Particularly the energy gain per shock crossing and the time constant for the above high relativistic processes is numerically calculated. We explicitly find a considerable $\\gamma^{2}$ energy boosting in the first shock cycle, and in all subsequent shock cycles the particle energy is multiplied by a large factor. Also a noted acceleration speed-up for the same acceleration process has been observed. Both of those results are connected with theoretical suggestions that a significant enhancement of the acceleration process is possible due to relativistic effects not present at lower plasma flow speeds. The acceleration speed-up and the mean energy-gain per shock cycle found could efficiently justify the theory of the origin of Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR) from the sites of GRBs.

A. Meli; J. J. Quenby

2001-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

8

Superconducting Accelerators: High Energy Is Trailing Low Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...linear acceler-ators built at Stanford and Illinois are modular devices that produce electron beams with greater energies...built now fall in the medium energy range.) A large helium refrigerator was developed and installed, and cryogenic tanks and niobium...

William D. Metz

1975-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

9

High Energy Density Physics and Exotic Acceleration Schemes  

SciTech Connect

The High Energy Density and Exotic Acceleration working group took as our goal to reach beyond the community of plasma accelerator research with its applications to high energy physics, to promote exchange with other disciplines which are challenged by related and demanding beam physics issues. The scope of the group was to cover particle acceleration and beam transport that, unlike other groups at AAC, are not mediated by plasmas or by electromagnetic structures. At this Workshop, we saw an impressive advancement from years past in the area of Vacuum Acceleration, for example with the LEAP experiment at Stanford. And we saw an influx of exciting new beam physics topics involving particle propagation inside of solid-density plasmas or at extremely high charge density, particularly in the areas of laser acceleration of ions, and extreme beams for fusion energy research, including Heavy-ion Inertial Fusion beam physics. One example of the importance and extreme nature of beam physics in HED research is the requirement in the Fast Ignitor scheme of inertial fusion to heat a compressed DT fusion pellet to keV temperatures by injection of laser-driven electron or ion beams of giga-Amp current. Even in modest experiments presently being performed on the laser-acceleration of ions from solids, mega-amp currents of MeV electrons must be transported through solid foils, requiring almost complete return current neutralization, and giving rise to a wide variety of beam-plasma instabilities. As keynote talks our group promoted Ion Acceleration (plenary talk by A. MacKinnon), which historically has grown out of inertial fusion research, and HIF Accelerator Research (invited talk by A. Friedman), which will require impressive advancements in space-charge-limited ion beam physics and in understanding the generation and transport of neutralized ion beams. A unifying aspect of High Energy Density applications was the physics of particle beams inside of solids, which is proving to be a very important field for diverse applications such as muon cooling, fusion energy research, and ultra-bright particle and radiation generation with high intensity lasers. We had several talks on these and other subjects, and many joint sessions with the Computational group, the EM Structures group, and the Beam Generation group. We summarize our groups' work in the following categories: vacuum acceleration schemes; ion acceleration; particle transport in solids; and applications to high energy density phenomena.

Cowan, T.; /General Atomics, San Diego; Colby, E.; /SLAC

2005-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

10

A Phenomenological Cost Model for High Energy Particle Accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accelerator-based high-energy physics have been in the forefront of scientific discoveries for more than half a century. The accelerator technology of the colliders has progressed immensely, while the beam energy, luminosity, facility size, and cost have grown by several orders of magnitude. The method of colliding beams has not fully exhausted its potential but has slowed down considerably in its progress. In this paper we derive a simple scaling model for the cost of large accelerators and colliding beam facilities based on costs of 17 big facilities which have been either built or carefully estimated. Although this approach cannot replace an actual cost estimate based on an engineering design, this parameterization is to indicate a somewhat realistic cost range for consideration of what future frontier accelerator facilities might be fiscally realizable.

Vladimir Shiltsev

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

11

High-Current Accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

F i g . 13 F i g . 14 A 48 ACCELERATOR F i g . 25 F i g . 16supply. Extrapolation of accelerator energy and current9 . A-48 high-current accelerator, low-velocity end. Fig.

Lawrence, Ernest O.

1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Application of Plasma Waveguides to High Energy Accelerators  

SciTech Connect

The eventual success of laser-plasma based acceleration schemes for high-energy particle physics will require the focusing and stable guiding of short intense laser pulses in reproducible plasma channels. For this goal to be realized, many scientific issues need to be addressed. These issues include an understanding of the basic physics of, and an exploration of various schemes for, plasma channel formation. In addition, the coupling of intense laser pulses to these channels and the stable propagation of pulses in the channels require study. Finally, new theoretical and computational tools need to be developed to aid in the design and analysis of experiments and future accelerators. Here we propose a 3-year renewal of our combined theoretical and experimental program on the applications of plasma waveguides to high-energy accelerators. During the past grant period we have made a number of significant advances in the science of laser-plasma based acceleration. We pioneered the development of clustered gases as a new highly efficient medium for plasma channel formation. Our contributions here include theoretical and experimental studies of the physics of cluster ionization, heating, explosion, and channel formation. We have demonstrated for the first time the generation of and guiding in a corrugated plasma waveguide. The fine structure demonstrated in these guides is only possible with cluster jet heating by lasers. The corrugated guide is a slow wave structure operable at arbitrarily high laser intensities, allowing direct laser acceleration, a process we have explored in detail with simulations. The development of these guides opens the possibility of direct laser acceleration, a true miniature analogue of the SLAC RF-based accelerator. Our theoretical studies during this period have also contributed to the further development of the simulation codes, Wake and QuickPIC, which can be used for both laser driven and beam driven plasma based acceleration schemes. We will continue our development of advanced simulation tools by modifying the QuickPIC algorithm to allow for the simulation of plasma particle pick-up by the wake fields. We have also performed extensive simulations of plasma slow wave structures for efficient THz generation by guided laser beams or accelerated electron beams. We will pursue experimental studies of direct laser acceleration, and THz generation by two methods, ponderomotive-induced THz polarization, and THz radiation by laser accelerated electron beams. We also plan to study both conventional and corrugated plasma channels using our new 30 TW in our new lab facilities. We will investigate production of very long hydrogen plasma waveguides (5 cm). We will study guiding at increasing power levels through the onset of laser-induced cavitation (bubble regime) to assess the role played by the preformed channel. Experiments in direct acceleration will be performed, using laser plasma wakefields as the electron injector. Finally, we will use 2-colour ionization of gases as a high frequency THz source (<60 THz) in order for femtosecond measurements of low plasma densities in waveguides and beams.

Milchberg, Howard M

2013-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

13

Accelerate Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the next year, the U.S. Department of Energy, the Council on Competitiveness and the Alliance to Save Energy will join forces to undertake Accelerate Energy Productivity 2030 - an...

14

RADIATION PROTECTION CHALLENGES IN THE MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE FROM HIGH-ENERGY ACCELERATORS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......CERN, as at many other high-energy accelerator facilities, radioactive...and valid for other high-energy accelerators, is that extensive...Association. Buenos Aires, Argentina. October 2008, SAR editor, Argentina. 3 Walter N. , Cellerier......

Luisa Ulrici; Yvon Algoet; Luca Bruno; Matteo Magistris

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Protection from muons in high energy proton accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A generalization of the works on muon shielding in proton accelerators is carried out. Coulomb scattering of muons, energy losses in ionization and excitation of atoms, ... p-nuclear interaction. Results of compu...

V. I. Gurentsov; L. R. Kimel'; O. N. Salimov

1972-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

High Performance Computing Modeling Advances Accelerator Science for High Energy Physics  

SciTech Connect

The development and optimization of particle accelerators are essential for advancing our understanding of the properties of matter, energy, space and time. Particle accelerators are complex devices whose behavior involves many physical effects on multiple scales. Therefore, advanced computational tools utilizing high-performance computing (HPC) are essential for accurately modeling them. In the past decade, the DOE SciDAC program has produced such accelerator-modeling tools, which have beem employed to tackle some of the most difficult accelerator science problems. In this article we discuss the Synergia beam-dynamics framework and its applications to high-intensity particle accelerator physics. Synergia is an accelerator simulation package capable of handling the entire spectrum of beam dynamics simulations. We present the design principles, key physical and numerical models in Synergia and its performance on HPC platforms. Finally, we present the results of Synergia applications for the Fermilab proton source upgrade, known as the Proton Improvement Plan (PIP).

Amundson, James; Macridin, Alexandru; Spentzouris, Panagiotis

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

17

Acceleration of ULtra High Energy Cosmic Rays: Cosmic Zevatrons?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this lecture I outline some of the underlying physics issues associated with accelerators plausibly capable of explaining the UHECRs up to ZeV energies. I concentrate on the concentrate on mechanisms and their constraints, but provide a brief background on on observations and the constraints they supply, as well.

T. W. Jones

2002-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

18

CONSTRAINTS ON LASER-DRIVEN ACCELERATORS FOR A HIGH-ENERGY LINEAR COLLIDER*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONSTRAINTS ON LASER-DRIVEN ACCELERATORS FOR A HIGH-ENERGY LINEAR COLLIDER* J.S. Wurtele and AV on 1 TeV) are applied to free-space laser and laser/plasma accelerators. It is shown that the requirements impose very severe constraints upon the new accelerators-- so severe, that it seems unlikely

Wurtele, Jonathan

19

On the acceleration of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...experiments have reported the discovery of a high-energy cut-off in the UHECR spectrum...observed. However, the discovery of the high-energy cut-off disfavours this...also black-hole physics, dark energy and the cosmological constant...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Operational radiation protection in high-energy physics accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......monitors with a good energy response have been built...to increase their response at high energies(6)). Prompt radiation...often pulsed, with a frequency that can range between millions of Hz in a storage ring and less than......

S. H. Rokni; A. Fassò; J. C. Liu

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Experimental determination of the radiation quality factor near high-energy accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experimental data characterizing the effective quality factor QF of multicomponent pulse radiation in ... are compared with values determined for other high-energy accelerators. Values of QF obtained in experimen...

V. N. Lebedev; M. Zel'chinskii; M. I. Salatskaya

1966-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Operational radiation protection in high-energy physics accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......material control. At physics research accelerators...account the predicted dose rate levels in routine and...technicians need to have a good physics background, which is...few minutes in a one-pass accelerator. Special...above a certain peak dose rate level. Skyshine (neutrons......

S. H. Rokni; A. Fassò; J. C. Liu

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Operational radiation protection in high-energy physics accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......level of training. Operators...accelerator operating conditions...protection for the personnel and environment...requirements for the selection, design...used for personnel dosemeter selection. Active...frequently). Training The facility......

S. H. Rokni; A. Fassò; J. C. Liu

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Measurements of radiation fields around high-energy proton accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......charged hadrons, muons, photons and electrons, with energy spectra extending...charged hadrons, muons, photons and electrons with energy spectra extending...charged hadrons, muons, photons and electrons, with energy spectra extending......

Stefano Agosteo; Marco Silari

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

25

Future Accelerator Challenges in Support of High-Energy Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dx the rate of muon ionization energy loss in the absorberemission, whereas for muons it is energy loss (dE/dx) incollider, a Muon Collider has a reduced energy spread due

Zisman, M.S.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Experimental Observation of Electrons Accelerated in Vacuum to Relativistic Energies by a High-Intensity Laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Free electrons have been accelerated in vacuum to MeV energies by a high-intensity subpicosecond laser pulse ( 1019 W/cm2, 300 fs). The experimental data are in good agreement with the relativistic motion of electrons in a spatially and temporally finite electromagnetic field, both in terms of maximum energy and scattering angle.

G. Malka; E. Lefebvre; J. L. Miquel

1997-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

27

Operational radiation protection in high-energy physics accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......transportation, movement, storage, handling, processing...radioactive materials and wastes are properly controlled...measurements for radioactive waste characterisation, on-site storage of radioactive materials...short-term active or long-term passive, high-radiation-level......

S. H. Rokni; A. Fassò; J. C. Liu

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Complex workplace radiation fields at European high-energy accelerators and thermonuclear fusion facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report outlines the research needs and research activities within Europe to develop new and improved methods and techniques for the characterization of complex radiation fields at workplaces around high-energy accelerators and the next generation of thermonuclear fusion facilities under the auspices of the COordinated Network for RAdiation Dosimetry (CONRAD) project funded by the European Commission.

Bilski, P; D'Errico, F; Esposito, A; Fehrenbacher, G; Fernàndez, F; Fuchs, A; Golnik, N; Lacoste, V; Leuschner, A; Sandri, S; Silari, M; Spurny, F; Wiegel, B; Wright, P

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

High field gradient particle accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high electric field gradient electron accelerator utilizing short duration, microwave radiation, and capable of operating at high field gradients for high energy physics applications or at reduced electric field gradients for high average current intermediate energy accelerator applications is disclosed. Particles are accelerated in a smooth bore, periodic undulating waveguide, wherein the period is so selected that the particles slip an integral number of cycles of the r.f. wave every period of the structure. This phase step of the particles produces substantially continuous acceleration in a traveling wave without transverse magnetic or other guide means for the particle. 10 figs.

Nation, J.A.; Greenwald, S.

1989-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

30

High field gradient particle accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high electric field gradient electron accelerator utilizing short duration, microwave radiation, and capable of operating at high field gradients for high energy physics applications or at reduced electric field gradients for high average current intermediate energy accelerator applications. Particles are accelerated in a smooth bore, periodic undulating waveguide, wherein the period is so selected that the particles slip an integral number of cycles of the r.f. wave every period of the structure. This phase step of the particles produces substantially continuous acceleration in a traveling wave without transverse magnetic or other guide means for the particle.

Nation, John A. (Ithaca, NY); Greenwald, Shlomo (Haifa, IL)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Beam manipulation techniques, nonlinear beam dynamics, and space charge effect in high energy high power accelerators  

SciTech Connect

We had carried out a design of an ultimate storage ring with beam emittance less than 10 picometer for the feasibility of coherent light source at X-ray wavelength. The accelerator has an inherent small dynamic aperture. We study method to improve the dynamic aperture and collective instability for an ultimate storage ring. Beam measurement and accelerator modeling are an integral part of accelerator physics. We develop the independent component analysis (ICA) and the orbit response matrix method for improving accelerator reliability and performance. In collaboration with scientists in National Laboratories, we also carry out experimental and theoretical studies on beam dynamics. Our proposed research topics are relevant to nuclear and particle physics using high brightness particle and photon beams.

Lee, S. Y.

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

32

HIGH-ENERGY EMISSION INDUCED BY ULTRA-HIGH-ENERGY PHOTONS AS A PROBE OF ULTRA-HIGH-ENERGY COSMIC-RAY ACCELERATORS EMBEDDED IN THE COSMIC WEB  

SciTech Connect

The photomeson production in ultra-high-energy cosmic-ray (UHECR) accelerators such as {gamma}-ray bursts and active galaxies may lead to ultra-high-energy (UHE) {gamma}-ray emission. We show that the generation of UHE pairs in magnetized structured regions where the sources are embedded is inevitable, and accompanying {approx}> 0.1 TeV synchrotron emission provides an important probe of UHECR acceleration. It would especially be relevant for powerful transient sources, and synchrotron pair echoes may be detected by future CTA via coordinated search for transients of duration {approx}0.1-1 yr for the structured regions of {approx}Mpc. Detections will be useful for knowing structured extragalactic magnetic fields as well as properties of the sources.

Murase, Kohta [Department of Physics, Center for Cosmology and AstroParticle Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

33

Coulomb explosion effect and the maximum energy of protons accelerated by high-power lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The acceleration of light ions (protons) through the interaction of a high-power laser pulse with a double-layer target is theoretically studied by means of two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations and a one-dimensional analytical model. It is shown that the maximum energy acquired by the accelerated light ions (protons) depends on the physical characteristics of a heavy-ion layer (electron-ion mass ratio and effective charge state of the ions). In our theoretical model, the hydrodynamic equations for both electron and heavy-ion species are solved and the test-particle approximation for the light ions (protons) is applied. The heavy-ion motion is found to modify the longitudinal electric field distribution, thus changing the acceleration conditions for the protons.

E. Fourkal; I. Velchev; C.-M. Ma

2005-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

34

Estimation of bremsstrahlung photon energy in the environment of high-energy electron accelerator using CaSO4:Dy based TL dosemeter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Estimation of bremsstrahlung photon energy in the environment of high-energy electron accelerator using CaSO4...Mishra S. C. Quality control audit using TLDs for linear accelerators...Estimation of bremsstrahlung photon energy in the environment of high-energy......

A. K. Bakshi; M. K. Nayak; G. Haridas; S. Chatterjee; R. K. Kher

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

The origin of mass and the experiments on future high energy accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The visible universe - it is the universe of nucleons and electrons. The appearance of nucleon mass is caused by the violation of chiral symmetry in quantum chromodynamics (QCD). For this reason, the experiments on high energy accelerators cannot shed light on the origin of the matter in the visible universe. The origin of the mass of matter will be clarified, when the mechanism of chiral symmetry violation in QCD will be elucidated.

B. L. Ioffe

2006-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

36

Point-like gamma ray sources as signatures of distant accelerators of ultra high energy cosmic rays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the possibility of observing distant accelerators of ultra high energy cosmic rays in synchrotron gamma rays. Protons propagating away from their acceleration sites produce extremely energetic electrons during photo-pion interactions with cosmic microwave background photons. If the accelerator is embedded in a magnetized region, these electrons will emit high energy synchrotron radiation. The resulting synchrotron source is expected to be point-like and detectable in the GeV-TeV energy range if the magnetic field is at the nanoGauss level.

S. Gabici; F. A. Aharonian

2005-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

37

Assessing Risk in Costing High-energy Accelerators: from Existing Projects to the Future Linear Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-energy accelerators are large projects funded by public money, developed over the years and constructed via major industrial contracts both in advanced technology and in more conventional domains such as civil engineering and infrastructure, for which they often constitute one-of markets. Assessing their cost, as well as the risk and uncertainty associated with this assessment is therefore an essential part of project preparation and a justified requirement by the funding agencies. Stemming from the experience with large circular colliders at CERN, LEP and LHC, as well as with the Main Injector, the Tevatron Collider Experiments and Accelerator Upgrades, and the NOvA Experiment at Fermilab, we discuss sources of cost variance and derive cost risk assessment methods applicable to the future linear collider, through its two technical approaches for ILC and CLIC. We also address disparities in cost risk assessment imposed by regional differences in regulations, procedures and practices.

Lebrun, Philippe

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Accelerate Energy Productivity 2030  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy, the Council on Competitiveness, and the Alliance to Save Energy are teaming up for Accelerate Energy Productivity 2030, an initiative to double U.S. energy productivity by 2030. This effort continues support for the goal the President set in his 2013 State of the Union address to double energy productivity, measured by GDP per unit of energy use, from the 2010 level by 2030.

39

Monte Carlo estimation of photoneutrons contamination from high-energy X-ray medical accelerators in treatment room and maze: a simplified model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......contamination from high-energy X-ray medical accelerators...Neutron measurements around high energy X-ray radiotherapy machines. (1986) New York: American Institute of Physics...Elsalim M. Neutron fluence and energy spectra around the Varian......

Mansour Zabihzadeh; Mohammad Reza Ay; Mahmoud Allahverdi; Asghar Mesbahi; Seyed Rabee Mahdavi; Majid Shahriari

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Postacceleration Of Laser-Generated High Energy Protons Through Conventional Accelerator Linacs  

SciTech Connect

The post-acceleration of laser-generated protons through conventional drift tube linear accelerators has been simulated with the particle code Parmela. The proton source is generated on the rear surface of a target irradiated by an high-intensity (10{sup 19} W{center_dot}cm{sup -2}) short-pulse (350 fs) laser and focused by a microlens that allows selecting collimated protons at 7{+-}0.1 MeV with rms unnormalized emittance of 0.180 mm.mrad. The simulations show that protons can be accelerated by one drift tube linac tank to more than 14 MeV with unnormalized emittance growth of 8 in x and 22.6 in y directions when considering a total proton charge of 0.112 mA. This result shows for the first time that coupling between laser-plasma accelerators with traditional accelerators is possible, allowing a luminosity gain for the final beam.

Fuchs, Julien; Audebert, Patrick [Laboratoire pour l'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, UMR 7605 CNRS-CEA-Ecole Polytechnique-Universite Paris VI, Palaiseau (France); Antici, Patrizio [Laboratoire pour l'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, UMR 7605 CNRS-CEA-Ecole Polytechnique-Universite Paris VI, Palaiseau (France); Dipartimento di Energetica, Universita di Roma 'La Sapienza', Via Scarpa 14-16, 00165 Roma (Italy); Fazi, Mauro; Migliorati, Mauro; Palumbo, Luigi [Dipartimento di Energetica, Universita di Roma 'La Sapienza', Via Scarpa 14-16, 00165 Roma (Italy); Lombardi, Augusto [ATreP via Perini 181, 38100, Trento (Italy)

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

High Performance Outdoor Lighting Accelerator  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)’s Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs Office (WIPO), this webinar covered the expansion of the Better Buildings platform to include the newest initiative for the public sector: the High Performance Outdoor Lighting Accelerator (HPOLA).

42

Photon Activation Analysis--An Analytical Application Of High-Energy Electron Accelerators  

SciTech Connect

Photon activation analysis (PAA) was introduced about contemporarily with the other activation analysis methods (neutron, NAA, and charged particle activation, CPAA). Nonetheless, for different reasons, PAA has been applied less frequently than the other techniques mentioned. The incident photon energy should exceed about 12 MeV (except in some special rare applications) so as to obtain appreciably high activity yields of the product nuclides. Thus, cyclic electron accelerators (LINACs or microtrons) are used for activation preferably. The predominant photonuclear reaction is of the ({gamma},n)-type. Thus, normally neutron-deficient nuclides are produced. These usually emit gamma rays, annihilation quanta and characteristic X-ray fluorescence, all of whom can be used for analytical evaluation. The spectrometry equipment is the same as used for the other activation techniques (semiconductor detectors, sodium iodide crystals in coincidence geometry). Being uncharged high energy photons have a large penetration power, thus do not suffer from strong matrix absorption. Although not having a detection power as large as in NAA (in the most cases), PAA offers several further convincing advantages, e.g. several elements not or hardly detectable by NAA can be analysed: Titanium, nickel, thallium, lead, bismuth and, in particular, the light elements carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine, phosphorus. Several typical applications will be described.

Segebade, Christian R.; Goerner, Wolf [Federal Institute of Materials Research and Testing Unter den Eichen 87, 12205 Berlin (Germany)

2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

43

Accelerate Energy Productivity 2030 Launch  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Today, the Department of Energy kicked off Accelerate Energy Productivity 2030. This initiative supports President Obama’s goal to double our energy productivity by 2030.

44

COLLECTIVE EFFECT ACCELERATORS AND THE CHALLENGE OF ATTAINING ULTRA-HIGH ENERGIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

F. Cole, ed. , "Collective Accelerators, A Study Carried outUNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Accelerator & Fusion ResearchCommittee of Future Accelerators - RAL Conference, The

Sessler, A.M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Accelerating Clean Energy Adoption (Fact Sheet), Weatherization...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerating Clean Energy Adoption (Fact Sheet), Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program (WIP) Accelerating Clean Energy Adoption (Fact Sheet), Weatherization and...

46

Accelerating Energy Savings Performance Contracting Through Model...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Accelerating Energy Savings Performance Contracting Through Model Statewide Programs Accelerating Energy Savings Performance Contracting Through Model Statewide Programs Provides...

47

Mechanical Design of a High Energy Beam Absorber for the Advanced Superconducting Test Accelerator (ASTA) at Fermilab  

SciTech Connect

A high energy beam absorber has been built for the Advanced Superconducting Test Accelerator (ASTA) at Fermilab. In the facility's initial configuration, an electron beam will be accelerated through 3 TTF-type or ILC-type SRF cryomodules to an energy of 750MeV. The electron beam will be directed to one of multiple downstream experimental and diagnostic beam lines and then deposited in one of two beam absorbers. The facility is designed to accommodate up to 6 cryomodules, which would produce a 75kW beam at 1.5GeV; this is the driving design condition for the beam absorbers. The beam absorbers consist of water-cooled graphite, aluminum and copper layers contained in a helium-filled enclosure. This paper describes the mechanical implementation of the beam absorbers, with a focus on thermal design and analysis. The potential for radiation-induced degradation of the graphite is discussed.

Baffes, C.; Church, M.; Leibfritz, J.; Oplt, S.; Rakhno, I.; /Fermilab

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

48

How Particle Accelerators Work | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

or protons, to very high energies. On a basic level, particle accelerators produce beams of charged particles that can be used for a variety of research purposes. There are...

49

Observation of high-energy electrons accelerated by electrostatic waves propagating obliquely to a magnetic field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is revealed in microwave-plasma interaction experiments that a large-amplitude electrostatic wave propagating obliquely to a magnetic field accelerates electrons strongly almost along the magnetic field lines via the process of Vp×B acceleration. The experimental results are in reasonable agreement with the theoretical prediction of Sugihara et al.

Yasushi Nishida and Naoyuki Sato

1987-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

50

Proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration: a path to the future of high-energy particle physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New acceleration technology is mandatory for the future elucidation of fundamental particles and their interactions. A promising approach is to exploit the properties of plasmas. Past research has focused on creating large-amplitude plasma waves by injecting an intense laser pulse or an electron bunch into the plasma. However, the maximum energy gain of electrons accelerated in a single plasma stage is limited by the energy of the driver. Proton bunches are the most promising drivers of wakefields to accelerate electrons to the TeV energy scale in a single stage. An experimental program at CERN -- the AWAKE experiment -- has been launched to study in detail the important physical processes and to demonstrate the power of proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration. Here we review the physical principles and some experimental considerations for a future proton-driven plasma wakefield accelerator.

Assmann, R; Bohl, T; Bracco, C; Buttenschon, B; Butterworth, A; Caldwell, A; Chattopadhyay, S; Cipiccia, S; Feldbaumer, E; Fonseca, R A; Goddard, B; Gross, M; Grulke, O; Gschwendtner, E; Holloway, J; Huang, C; Jaroszynski, D; Jolly, S; Kempkes, P; Lopes, N; Lotov, K; Machacek, J; Mandry, S R; McKenzie, J W; Meddahi, M; Militsyn, B L; Moschuering, N; Muggli, P; Najmudin, Z; Noakes, T C Q; Norreys, P A; Oz, E; Pardons, A; Petrenko, A; Pukhov, A; Rieger, K; Reimann, O; Ruhl, H; Shaposhnikova, E; Silva, L O; Sosedkin, A; Tarkeshian, R; Trines, R M G N; Tuckmantel, T; Vieira, J; Vincke, H; Wing, M; Xia, G

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

PRACTICAL NEUTRON DOSIMETRY AT HIGH ENERGIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of High-Energy Accelerators, New York, April, 1957. USAECShielding of High-Energy Accelerators, New York, April 1957.Shielding of High-Energy Accelerators, New York, April 1957.

McCaslin, J.B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Department of Energy Announces Accelerator Symposium | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy Announces Accelerator Symposium Department of Energy Announces Accelerator Symposium Department of Energy Announces Accelerator Symposium September 23, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. -- On Monday, October 26, the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science will host a Symposium on Accelerators for America's Future in Washington, DC. The symposium--drawing participants from science, industry, medicine, and the national security community--will focus on challenges and opportunities in maximizing the potential of next-generation accelerator technologies to energize the U.S. economy, strengthen American competitiveness, and help the nation achieve more in science, industry, medicine, energy and the environment, and national security. Organized by the department's Office of High Energy Physics, the symposium

53

Electron Energy Analysis of Vacuum Discharge in High-Voltage Accelerator Tube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......measurement of the electron energy spectrum during discharge adds some new knowledge to the total voltage...authors sincerely thank Electron Energy Analysis of Vacuum Discharge...Physics, Academic Press, New York, Vol. 6, p. 297. 25......

Akio TAKAOKA; Katsumi URA; Kiyokazu YOSHIDA

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Market Acceleration | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Market Acceleration Market Acceleration Market Acceleration Photo of several men on a floating platform that is lowering monitoring tools into the ocean. The Water Power Program works to foster a commercial market for marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) energy devices in order to achieve its goal of the nation obtaining 15% of its electricity needs from all types of water power by 2030. Though marine and hydrokinetic energy is still in its infancy, the program is developing a robust portfolio of projects to accelerate wave, tidal and current project deployments and development of the MHK market in general. These projects include project siting activities, market assessments, environmental impact analyses, and research supporting technology commercialization. Learn more about the Water Power Program's work in the following areas of

55

The Strong-Focusing Synchroton—A New High Energy Accelerator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Strong focusing forces result from the alternation of large positive and negative n-values in successive sectors of the magnetic guide field in a synchrotron. This sequence of alternately converging and diverging magnetic lenses of equal strength is itself converging, and leads to significant reductions in oscillation amplitude, both for radial and axial displacements. The mechanism of phase-stable synchronous acceleration still applies, with a large reduction in the amplitude of the associated radial synchronous oscillations. To illustrate, a design is proposed for a 30-Bev proton accelerator with an orbit radius of 300 ft, and with a small magnet having an aperture of 1×2 inches. Tolerances on nearly all design parameters are less critical than for the equivalent uniform-n machine. A generalization of this focusing principle leads to small, efficient focusing magnets for ion and electron beams. Relations for the focal length of a double-focusing magnet are presented, from which the design parameters for such linear systems can be determined.

Ernest D. Courant; M. Stanley Livingston; Hartland S. Snyder

1952-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Accelerated Testing Validation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerated Testing Validation Accelerated Testing Validation Presented at the Department of Energy Fuel Cell Projects Kickoff Meeting, September 1 - October 1, 2009...

57

Staging Laser Plasma Accelerators for Increased Beam Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Staging Laser Plasma Accelerators for Increased Beam Energy D. Panasenko, A. J. Shu, C. B., Berkeley, California 94720, USA Abstract. Staging laser plasma accelerators is an efficient way of mitigating laser pump depletion in laser driven accelerators and necessary for reaching high energies

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

58

Market Acceleration | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Market Acceleration Market Acceleration Market Acceleration Photo of the Wanapum Dam. Hydropower contributes significantly to the nation's renewable energy portfolio; over the last decade, the United States obtained nearly 7% of its electricity from hydropower sources. Already the largest source of renewable electricity in the United States, there remains a vast untapped resource potential in hydropower. To achieve its vision of supporting 15% of our nation's electricity needs from water power by 2030, the Water Power Program works to address environmental and regulatory barriers that prevent significant amounts of deployment; to assess and quantify the value of hydropower to the nation's electric grid and its ability to integrate other variable renewable energy technologies; and to develop a vibrant U.S.

59

Neutrons from high?energy x?ray medical accelerators: An estimate of risk to the radiotherapy patient  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The problem of neutrons produced by many of the high?energy x?ray therapy machines (10 MV and above) is reviewed and the possible risk their presence poses to radiotherapy patients is estimated. A review of the regulatory background containing a summary of the recommendations of the U. S. Council of State Governments (USCSG) and of the International Electro?Technical Commission (IEC) as well as an indication that recommendations will be forthcoming from the National Council on Radiation Protection (NCRP) and the International Commission of Radiological Protection (ICRP) is presented. The neutrons in question are produced by high?energy photons(x rays) incident on the various materials of the target flattening filter collimators and other essential components of the equipment. The neutron yield (per treatmentdose) increases rapidly as the megavoltage is increased from 10 to 20 MV but remains approximately constant above this. Measurements and calculations of the quantity quality and spatial distribution of these neutrons and their concomitant dose are summarized. Values of the neutrondose are presented as entrance dose midline dose (10?cm depth) and integral dose both within and outside of the treatment volume. These values are much less than the unavoidable photondoses which are largely responsible for treatment side effects. For typical equipment the average neutron integral dose from accelerator?produced neutrons is about 4–7 g?cGy (per treatment cGy) depending on the treatment plan. This translates into an average dose of neutrons [averaged over the body of a typical 70?kg (154 1b) patient] of 0.06–0.10 cGy for a treatment of 1000 cGy. Using these neutrondoses and the best available neutron risk coefficients it is estimated that 50×10? 6 fatal malignancies per year due to the neutrons may follow a typical treatment course of 5000 rads of 25?MV x rays. This is only about 1/60th of the average incidence of malignancies for the general population. Thus the cancer risk to the radiotherapy patient from accelerator?produced neutrons poses an additional risk to the patient that is negligible in comparison.

Ravinder Nath; Edward R. Epp; John S. Laughlin; William P. Swanson; Victor P. Bond

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Future High-Intensity Proton Accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper provides an overview of currently planned high-intensity proton accelerators. While for high energies (>10GeV) synchrotrons remain the preferred tools to produce high-intensity beams, recent years have seen an impressive development of linac-based lower-energy (intensity proton drivers for spallation sources, accelerator driven systems (ADS), production of Radioactive Ion Beams (RIB) and various neutrino applications (beta-beam, superbeam, neutrino factory). This paper discusses the optimum machine types for the various beam requirements and uses a range of projects, which are likely to be realised within the coming decade, to illustrate the different approaches to reach high average beam power with the application-specific time structure. Only machines with a beam power above 100kW are considered.

Gerigk, F

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Accelerator Driven Nuclear Energy - The Thorium Option  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Conventional nuclear reactors use enriched Uranium as fuel and produce nuclear waste which needs to be stored away for over 10,000 years.   At the current rate of use, existing sources of Uranium will last for 50-100 years.  We describe a solution to the problem that uses particle accelerators to produce fast neutrons that can be used to burn existing nuclear waste and produce energy.  Such systems, initially proposed by Carlo Rubbia and collaborators in the 1990's, are being seriously considered by many countries as a possible solution to the green energy problem.  Accelerator driven reactors operate in a sub-critical regime and, thus, are safer and can obtain energy from plentiful elements such as Thorium-232 and Uranium-238. What is missing is the high intensity (10MW) accelerator that produces 1 GeV protons. We will describe scenarios which if implemented will make such systems a reality.  

Rajendran Raja

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

62

A Retarding-Accelerating Energy Analyser for SIMS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is well known that secondary ion energy spectra can give us much interesting information. As a very high energy resolution is not needed for most cases, the retarding-accelerating energy analyser (derived from...

Cha Liang-Zhen; Xue Zu-Qing; Zheng Zhao-Jia…

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Offshore Wind Accelerator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Offshore Wind Accelerator Place: United Kingdom Sector: Wind energy Product: Research and development initiative aimed at cutting the cost of offshore wind energy. References:...

64

Workplace characterisation in mixed neutron-gamma fields, specific requirements and available methods at high-energy accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......for routine radiation therapy of cancer, to medium-energy cyclotrons...for applied research and advanced cancer therapy with protons and light...High-energy neutrons are converted by a depleted uranium shell producing fission neutrons......

Marco Silari

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Ultra-high vacuum photoelectron linear accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An rf linear accelerator for producing an electron beam. The outer wall of the rf cavity of said linear accelerator being perforated to allow gas inside said rf cavity to flow to a pressure chamber surrounding said rf cavity and having means of ultra high vacuum pumping of the cathode of said rf linear accelerator. Said rf linear accelerator is used to accelerate polarized or unpolarized electrons produced by a photocathode, or to accelerate thermally heated electrons produced by a thermionic cathode, or to accelerate rf heated field emission electrons produced by a field emission cathode.

Yu, David U.L.; Luo, Yan

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

66

Cosmic Acceleration, Dark Energy and Fundamental Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A web of interlocking observations has established that the expansion of the Universe is speeding up and not slowing, revealing the presence of some form of repulsive gravity. Within the context of general relativity the cause of cosmic acceleration is a highly elastic (p\\sim -rho), very smooth form of energy called ``dark energy'' accounting for about 75% of the Universe. The ``simplest'' explanation for dark energy is the zero-point energy density associated with the quantum vacuum; however, all estimates for its value are many orders-of-magnitude too large. Other ideas for dark energy include a very light scalar field or a tangled network of topological defects. An alternate explanation invokes gravitational physics beyond general relativity. Observations and experiments underway and more precise cosmological measurements and laboratory experiments planned for the next decade will test whether or not dark energy is the quantum energy of the vacuum or something more exotic, and whether or not general relativity can self consistently explain cosmic acceleration. Dark energy is the most conspicuous example of physics beyond the standard model and perhaps the most profound mystery in all of science.

Michael S. Turner; Dragan Huterer

2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

67

Workplace characterisation in mixed neutron-gamma fields, specific requirements and available methods at high-energy accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......High-energy neutrons are converted by a depleted uranium shell producing fission neutrons...c1 per nucleon lead ion beams. Health Phys. (1998) 75:619-629...multisphere neutron spectrometer data. Health Phys. (1999) 77:579-583......

Marco Silari

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

High Performance Computing in Accelerator Science: Past Successes. Future Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Performance Computing in Accelerator Science: PastAC02- 05CH11231. High Performance Computing in Accelerator

Ryne, R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Accelerated Climate Modeling for Energy | Argonne Leadership...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Credit: Alan Scott and Mark Taylor, Sandia National Laboratories Accelerated Climate Modeling for Energy PI Name: Mark Taylor PI Email: mataylo@sandia.gov Institution: Sandia...

70

Grid Engineering for Accelerated Renewable Energy Deployment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The SunShot Grid Engineering for Accelerated Renewable Energy Deployment (GEARED) program supports increased power system research, development, and analytical capacity while simultaneously growing...

71

TAP Webinar: High Performance Outdoor Lighting Accelerator  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Hosted by the Technical Assistance Program (TAP), this webinar will cover the recently announced expansion of the Better Buildings platform —the High Performance Outdoor Lighting Accelerator (HPOLA).

72

Brookhaven High Energy Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High-Energy Physics High-Energy Physics High-energy physicists probe the properties and behavior of the most elementary particles in the universe. At the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS), they perform experiments of unique sensitivity using high-intensity, intermediate-energy beams. The AGS currently provides the world's most intense high-energy proton beam. It is also the world's most versatile accelerator, accelerating protons, polarized protons, and heavy ions to near the speed of light. Magnet system at Brookhaven used to measure the magnetic moment of the muon. Important discoveries in high-energy physics were made at the AGS within the last decade. An international collaboration, including key physicists from Brookhaven, performed a very high-precision measurement of a property

73

Accelerating the Transition to Clean Energy Technologies | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerating the Transition to Clean Energy Technologies Accelerating the Transition to Clean Energy Technologies Accelerating the Transition to Clean Energy Technologies April 5, 2011 - 2:40pm Addthis David Sandalow David Sandalow Former Under Secretary of Energy (Acting) and Assistant Secretary for Policy & International Affairs Editor's Note: Join the conversation surrounding this year's Clean Energy Ministerial on Twitter via #CEM2. I've just arrived in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, for the second Clean Energy Ministerial. I'm excited to be here for the next step in this new global process to accelerate the transition to clean energy technologies, launched by Secretary Chu last July in Washington. At that inaugural Clean Energy Ministerial, ministers and high-level representatives from 24 countries launched 11 initiatives that cover a

74

Staging laser plasma accelerators for increased beam energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Staging Laser Plasma Accelerators for Increased Beam EnergyStaging laser plasma accelerators is an efficient way ofcompact laser-plasma accelerators to generate particle

Panasenko, Dmitriy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

On Dark Energy and Accelerated Reference Frames  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper is devoted to an explanation of the accelerated rate of expansion of the Universe. Usually the acceleration of the Universe, which is described by FRW metric, is due to dark energy. It is shown that this effect may be considered as a manifestation of torsion tensor for a flat Universe in the realm of Teleparallel gravity. An observer with radial field velocity obey Hubble's Law. As a consequence it is established that this is radial acceleration in a flat Universe. In Eq. (\\ref{24}) the acceleration is written in terms of the deceleration parameter, the Hubble's constant and the proper distance. This may be interpreted as an acceleration of the Universe.

S. C. Ulhoa

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

76

Energy Department Announces New Investments to Accelerate Breakthrough...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Investments to Accelerate Breakthroughs in Cost-Competitive Solar Energy Energy Department Announces New Investments to Accelerate Breakthroughs in Cost-Competitive Solar Energy...

77

Workplace characterisation in mixed neutron-gamma fields, specific requirements and available methods at high-energy accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......activation is only induced with quite large fast neutron fluence rates...materials for neutron activation...respectively. The thermal and epithermal...components of the neutron spectrum are discriminated...the high-energy hadron component...registration of fission fragments...neutron-induced lighter secondary......

Marco Silari

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Cosmological Acceleration: Dark Energy or Modified Gravity?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the evidence for recently accelerating cosmological expansion or "dark energy", either a negative pressure constituent in General Relativity (Dark Energy) or modified gravity (Dark Gravity), without any Dark Energy constituent. If constituent Dark Energy does not exist, so that our universe is now dominated by pressure-free matter, Einstein gravity must be modified at low curvature. The vacuum symmetry of any Robertson-Walker universe then characterizes Dark Gravity as low- or high-curvature modifications of Einstein gravity. The dynamics of either kind of "dark energy" cannot be derived from the homogeneous expansion alone, but requires also observing the growth of inhomogeneities. Present and projected observations are all consistent with a small fine tuned cosmological constant, with nearly static Dark Energy, or with gravity modified at cosmological scales. The growth of cosmological fluctuations will potentially distinguish static "dark energy" from dynamic "dark energy" with equation of state $w(z)$ either changing rapidly or tracking the background matter. But to cosmologically distinguish $\\Lambda$CDM from modified gravity will require a weak lensing shear survey more ambitious than any now projected. Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati modifications of Einstein gravity may also be detected in refined bservations in the solar system or at the intermediate Vainstein scale. Dark Energy's epicyclic character, failure to explain the original Cosmic Coincidence ("Why now?") without fine tuning, inaccessibility to laboratory or solar system tests, along with braneworld theories, now motivate future precision solar system, Vainstein-scale and cosmological-scale studies of Dark Gravity.

Sidney Bludman

2006-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

79

SNAPSNAPSuperNova/Acceleration Probe Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nova/Acceleration Probe Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe SNAP #12;he recent discovery that the expansionSNAPSNAPSuperNova/Acceleration Probe Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe Super attraction alone, its rate of expansion would be slowing. Acceleration requires a strange "dark energy

Perlmutter, Saul

80

High intensity proton operation at the Brookhaven AGS accelerator complex  

SciTech Connect

With the completion of the AGS rf upgrade, and the implementation of a transition {open_quotes}jump{close_quotes}, all of accelerator systems were in place in 1994 to allow acceleration of the proton intensity available from the AGS Booster injector to AGS extraction energy and delivery to the high energy users. Beam commissioning results with these new systems are presented. Progress in identifying and overcoming other obstacles to higher intensity are given. These include a careful exploration of the stopband strengths present on the AGS injection magnetic porch, and implementation of the AGS single bunch transverse dampers throughout the acceleration cycle.

Ahrens, L.A.; Blaskiewicz, M.; Bleser, E.; Brennan, J.M.; Gardner, C.; Glenn, J.W.; Onillon, E.; Reece, R.K.; Roser, T.; Soukas, A. [and others

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

High Power Electrodynamics (HPE): Accelerator Operations and Technology,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CONTACTS CONTACTS Group Leader Bruce Carlsten Deputy Group Leader Ellen Guenette Administrator Josephine (Jo) Torres High-Power Electrodynamics (HPE) The High-Power Electrodynamics (AOT-HPE) Group applies accelerator and beam technologies to national-security-directed energy missions. AOT-HPE has three programmatic thrusts: free-electron lasers (FELs), high-power microwaves (HPM), and compact radiography. To maintain a vigorous and robust technical base for addressing DOE and DoD needs, the group's project portfolio is balanced between exploratory research, infrastructure development, and programmatic deliverables for sponsors. Funding is roughly 25% from the Lab's Directed Research and Development Program, 65% from DoD, and 10% from DOE. Technology Focus Areas AOT-HPE is the Laboratory's main vehicle for applying accelerator-based technologies to directed-energy mission needs. The group recognizes that many directed-energy missions are enabled by compact high-brightness electron accelerators and mm-wave and THz technologies.

82

Accelerating Clean Energy Adoption Fact Sheet | Department of...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Accelerating Clean Energy Adoption Fact Sheet Accelerating Clean Energy Adoption Fact Sheet This fact sheet is an overview of the Department of Weatherization and Intergovernmental...

83

Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The discovery ten years ago that the expansion of the Universe is accelerating put in place the last major building block of the present cosmological model, in which the Universe is composed of 4% baryons, 20% dark matter, and 76% dark energy. At the same time, it posed one of the most profound mysteries in all of science, with deep connections to both astrophysics and particle physics. Cosmic acceleration could arise from the repulsive gravity of dark energy -- for example, the quantum energy of the vacuum -- or it may signal that General Relativity breaks down on cosmological scales and must be replaced. We review the present observational evidence for cosmic acceleration and what it has revealed about dark energy, discuss the various theoretical ideas that have been proposed to explain acceleration, and describe the key observational probes that will shed light on this enigma in the coming years.

Joshua Frieman; Michael Turner; Dragan Huterer

2008-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

84

Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The discovery ten years ago that the expansion of the Universe is accelerating put in place the last major building block of the present cosmological model, in which the Universe is composed of 4% baryons, 20% dark matter, and 76% dark energy. At the same time, it posed one of the most profound mysteries in all of science, with deep connections to both astrophysics and particle physics. Cosmic acceleration could arise from the repulsive gravity of dark energy -- for example, the quantum energy of the vacuum -- or it may signal that General Relativity breaks down on cosmological scales and must be replaced. We review the present observational evidence for cosmic acceleration and what it has revealed about dark energy, discuss the various theoretical ideas that have been proposed to explain acceleration, and describe the key observational probes that will shed light on this enigma in the coming years.

Frieman, Joshua; Huterer, Dragan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Workplace characterisation in mixed neutron-gamma fields, specific requirements and available methods at high-energy accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......charged hadrons, muons, photons and electrons with energy spectra extending over...charged hadrons, muons, photons and electrons with energy spectra extending over...ranging them out. Muons mainly lose energy by ionisation, as......

Marco Silari

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Accelerating Offshore Wind Development | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerating Offshore Wind Development Accelerating Offshore Wind Development Accelerating Offshore Wind Development Click on a project for more information. The Energy Department has selected seven projects that will accelerate the commercialization of innovative offshore wind technologies in the United States. Each project will receive up to $4 million from the Energy Department to complete the engineering, site evaluation, and planning phase of their project. Upon completion of this phase, the Energy Department will select the up to three of these projects to advance the follow-on design, fabrication, and deployment phases to achieve commercial operation by 2017. Each of the these projects will be eligible for up to $47 million in additional funding over four years, subject to Congressional appropriations. This map also includes 42

87

Accelerator System Development at High Voltage Engineering  

SciTech Connect

Throughout the years, HVE has continuously extended the capabilities of its accelerator systems to meet the rising demands from a diverse field of applications, among which are deep level ion implantation, micro-machining, neutron production for biomedical research, isotope production or accelerator mass spectrometry. Characteristic for HVE accelerators is the coaxial construction of the all solid state power supply around the acceleration tubes. With the use of solid state technology, the accelerators feature high stability and very low ripple. Terminal voltages range from 1 to 6 MV for HVE Singletrons and Tandetrons. The high-current versions of these accelerators can provide ion beams with powers of several kW. In the last years, several systems have been built with terminal voltages of 1.25 MV, 2 MV and 5 MV. Recently, the first system based on a 6 MV Tandetron has passed the factory tests. In this paper we describe the characteristics of the HVE accelerator systems and present as example recent systems.

Klein, M. G.; Gottdang, A.; Haitsma, R. G.; Mous, D. J. W. [High Voltage Engineering Europa B.V., P.O. Box 99, Amersfoort 3800 AB (Netherlands)

2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

88

High-brightness H/sup -/ accelerators  

SciTech Connect

Neutral particle beam (NPB) devices based on high-brightness H/sup -/ accelerators are an important component of proposed strategic defense systems. The basic rationale and R and D program are outlined and examples given of the underlying technology thrusts toward advanced systems. Much of the research accomplished in the past year is applicable to accelerator systems in general; some of these activities are discussed.

Jameson, R.A.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

On cosmic acceleration without dark energy  

SciTech Connect

We elaborate on the proposal that the observed acceleration of the Universe is the result of the backreaction of cosmological perturbations, rather than the effect of a negative-pressure dark energy fluid or a modification of general relativity. Through the effective Friedmann equations describing an inhomogeneous Universe after smoothing, we demonstrate that acceleration in our local Hubble patch is possible even if fluid elements do not individually undergo accelerated expansion. This invalidates the no-go theorem that there can be no acceleration in our local Hubble patch if the Universe only contains irrotational dust. We then study perturbatively the time behavior of general-relativistic cosmological perturbations, applying, where possible, the renormalization group to regularize the dynamics. We show that an instability occurs in the perturbative expansion involving sub-Hubble modes, which indicates that acceleration in our Hubble patch may originate from the backreaction of cosmological perturbations on observable scales.

Kolb, E.W.; /Fermilab /Chicago U., Astron. Astrophys. Ctr. /Chicago U., EFI; Matarrese, S.; /Padua U. /INFN, Padua; Riotto, A.; /INFN, Padua; ,

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

High current electron linacs (advanced test accelerator/experimental test accelerator)  

SciTech Connect

The high current induction accelerator development at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is described. The ATA facility is designed for 10 kA peak currents, 50 nsec pulse lengths and 50 MeV energies. At this time, half of the design current has been accelerated through the entire machine to particle energies of about 45 MeV. Current problem areas and operational experience to date will be discussed. Several key technical areas required development for the ATA machine; this report will survey these developments. The control of transverse beam instabilities required an accelerating cavity design with very low Q. Electron sources capable of 10 kA operation at high rep rates were developed using a plasma sparkboard approach. The pulse power systems on ATA, using the same type of spark gap switches as ETA, have exhibited excellent operational reliability.

Briggs, R.J.

1984-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

91

Accelerate Oklahoma (Oklahoma) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Accelerate Oklahoma (Oklahoma) Accelerate Oklahoma (Oklahoma) No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on August 29, 2013. EZFeed Policy Place Oklahoma Applies to States or Provinces Oklahoma Name Accelerate Oklahoma (Oklahoma) Policy Category Financial Incentive Policy Type Equity Investment Affected Technologies Biomass/Biogas, Coal with CCS, Concentrating Solar Power, Energy Storage, Fuel Cells, Geothermal Electric, Hydroelectric, Hydroelectric (Small), Natural Gas, Nuclear, Solar Photovoltaics, Wind energy Active Policy Yes Implementing Sector State/Province Primary Website http://www.i2e.org/access-to-capital/accelerate-oklahoma/ Summary Three new funds that each offer equity and growth investment capital for

92

Hidden negative energies in strongly accelerated universes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We point out that theories of cosmological acceleration which have equation of state, w, such that 1+w is small but positive may still secretly violate the null energy condition. This violation implies the existence of observers for whom the background has infinitely negative energy densities, despite the fact that the perturbations are free of ghosts and gradient instabilities.

Ignacy Sawicki and Alexander Vikman

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Lab Breakthrough: Supercomputing Power to Accelerate Fossil Energy Research  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Supercomputing Power to Accelerate Fossil Energy Supercomputing Power to Accelerate Fossil Energy Research Lab Breakthrough: Supercomputing Power to Accelerate Fossil Energy Research September 30, 2013 - 4:49pm Addthis At the heart of the Simulation-Based Engineering User Center (SBEUC) is a high-performance computer that enables the simulation of processes or technologies that are difficult or impossible to demonstrate using traditional methods. | Video by the National Energy Technology Laboratory. Ben Dotson Ben Dotson Project Coordinator for Digital Reform, Office of Public Affairs How can I participate? Watch the video and learn more about the National Labs and their work in high performance computing. The Lab Breakthroughs series features videos produced by each of the National Labs about their game-changing innovations and discoveries. To see

94

CHALLENGES FACING HIGH POWER PROTON ACCELERATORS  

SciTech Connect

This presentation will provide an overview of the challenges of high power proton accelerators such as SNS, J-PARC, etc., and what we have learned from recent experiences. Beam loss mechanisms and methods to mitigate beam loss will also be discussed.

Plum, Michael A [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Dust accelerators and their applications in high-temperature plasmas  

SciTech Connect

The perennial presence of dust in high-temperature plasma and fusion devices has been firmly established. Dust inventory must be controlled, in particular in the next-generation steady-state fusion machines like ITER, as it can pose significant safety hazards and potentially interfere with fusion energy production. Much effort has been devoted to gening rid of the dust nuisance. We have recognized a number of dust-accelerators applications in magnetic fusion, including in plasma diagnostics, in studying dust-plasma interactions, and more recently in edge localized mode (ELM)'s pacing. With the applications in mind, we will compare various acceleration methods, including electrostatic, gas-drag, and plasma-drag acceleration. We will also describe laboratory experiments and results on dust acceleration.

Wang, Zhehui [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ticos, Catakin M [NILPRP, ROMANIA

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Accelerating Energy Savings Performance Contracting Through Model Statewide Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Provides suggestions on how to accelerateEnergy Savings Performance Contracting programs and information about the types of assistance provided under the 'Accelerated Energy Savings Performance Contracting' initiative. Author: Energy Services Coalition

97

From Autos to Accelerators | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

From Autos to Accelerators From Autos to Accelerators From Autos to Accelerators September 7, 2010 - 6:36pm Addthis Kathryn Grim Physicist Terry Grimm has a vision for Lansing, Michigan. In a town haunted by the remains of fallen automobile plants, his company and others like it are hiring workers to put their car-manufacturing skills toward building particle accelerators. "People question whether manufacturing is going to go away in this country," Grimm said. "That's not the case. There's enough high-tech industry that needs it. We need the same expertise that the auto industry required." Fermilab used funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to hire Grimm's company, Niowave Inc., to build superconducting radio-frequency cavities in cooperation with Indiana-based Roark Welding & Engineering Co.

98

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerator energy constraints Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Christian, Eric - Laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Collection: Physics 2 Particle acceleration in solar flares: observations versus...

99

Compression and acceleration of electron bunches to high energies in the interference field of intense laser pulses with tilted amplitude fronts: concept and modelling  

SciTech Connect

A new concept of accelerating electrons by laser radiation is proposed, namely, direct acceleration by a laser field under the conditions of interference of several relativistic-intensity laser pulses with amplitude fronts tilted by the angle 45 Degree-Sign with respect to the phase fronts. Due to such interference the traps moving with the speed of light arise that capture the electrons, produced in the process of ionisation of low-density gas by the same laser radiation. The modelling on the basis of solving the relativistic Newton equation with the appropriate Lorenz force shows that these traps, moving in space, successively collect electrons from the target, compress the resulting electron ensemble in all directions up to the dimensions smaller than the wavelength of the laser radiation and accelerate it up to the energies of the order of a few GeV per electron. (extreme light fields and their applications)

Korobkin, V V; Romanovsky, Mikhail Yu; Trofimov, V A; Shiryaev, O B [A M Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

100

Accelerating Offshore Wind Development | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerating Offshore Wind Development Accelerating Offshore Wind Development Accelerating Offshore Wind Development December 12, 2012 - 2:15pm Addthis Matthew Loveless Matthew Loveless Data Integration Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this project do? The 2012 investments support innovative offshore installations for commercial deployment by 2017. The 2011 grants were targeted at projects that aim to either improve the technology used for offshore wind generation or remove the market barriers to offshore wind generation. View the Full Map Today the Energy Department announced investments in seven offshore wind demonstration projects. These projects are part of a broader effort to launch an offshore wind industry in the United States, and support innovative offshore installations for commercial deployment by 2017.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Energy Management Working Group: Accelerating Energy Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Countries participating in the Global Superior Energy Performance (GSEP) Energy Management Working Group (EMWG) are leveraging their resources and taking collective action to strengthen national and international efforts to facilitate the adoption...

Scheihing, P.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Negative energy seen by accelerated observers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The sampled negative energy density seen by inertial observers, in arbitrary quantum states is limited by quantum inequalities, which take the form of an inverse relation between the magnitude and duration of the negative energy. The quantum inequalities severely limit the utilization of negative energy to produce gross macroscopic effects, such as violations of the second law of thermodynamics. The restrictions on the sampled energy density along the worldlines of accelerated observers are much weaker than for inertial observers. Here we will illustrate this with several explicit examples. We consider the worldline of a particle undergoing sinusoidal motion in space in the presence of a single mode squeezed vacuum state of the electromagnetic field. We show that it is possible for the integrated energy density along such a worldline to become arbitrarily negative at a constant average rate. Thus the averaged weak energy condition is violated in these examples. This can be the case even when the particle moves at nonrelativistic speeds. We use the Raychaudhuri equation to show that there can be net defocusing of a congruence of these accelerated worldlines. This defocusing is an operational signature of the negative integrated energy density. These results in no way invalidate nor undermine either the validity or utility of the quantum inequalities for inertial observers. In particular, they do not change previous constraints on the production of macroscopic effects with negative energy, e.g., the maintenance of traversable wormholes.

L. H. Ford and Thomas A. Roman

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Accelerating CHP Deployment, United States Energy Association (USEA), August 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

An Industry Consultation by the United States Energy Association (USEA) on Accelerating Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Deployment

104

Neutrinos at high energy accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PREAMBLE, BRIEF HISTORY AND PRELIMINARIES, QUICK REVIEW OF BASIC NEUTRINO PROPERTIES, CHARGED CURRENT NEUTRINO PROCESSES, NEUTRAL CURRENT NEUTRINO PROCESSES, VERY HEAVY NEUTRINOS, CONCLUDING SUMMARY

Probir Roy

1993-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

105

Experimental evaluation of 350 MHz RF accelerator windows for the low energy demonstration accelerator  

SciTech Connect

Radio frequency (RF) windows are historically a point where failure occurs in input power couplers for accelerators. To obtain a reliable, high-power, 350 MHz RF window for the Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator (LEDA) project of the Accelerator Production of Tritium program, RF windows prototypes from different vendors were tested. Experiments were performed to evaluate the RF windows by the vendors to select a window for the LEDA project. The Communications and Power, Inc. (CPI) windows were conditioned to 445 kW in roughly 15 hours. At 445 kW a window failed, and the cause of the failure will be presented. The English Electronic Valve, Inc. (EEV) windows were conditioned to 944 kW in 26 hours and then tested at 944 kW for 4 hours with no indication of problems.

Cummings, K.; Rees, D.; Roybal, W. [and others

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

RESEARCH ON HIGH BEAM-CURRENT ACCELERATORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and M. Wilson, Particle Accelerators 10, 223 13. A. I.Proc. 1976 Proton Linear Accelerator Conf. , Chalk River,and D. Keefe, Particle Accelerators~' 23. S. Humphries, J.

Keefe, Denis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Siemens Technology Accelerator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Siemens Technology Accelerator Place: Germany Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Subsidiary Division ) References: Siemens Technology Accelerator1...

108

Accelerated High-Resolution Differential Ion Mobility Separations...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High-Resolution Differential Ion Mobility Separations Using Hydrogen. Accelerated High-Resolution Differential Ion Mobility Separations Using Hydrogen. Abstract: The resolving...

109

High-gradient compact linear accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-gradient linear accelerator comprises a solid-state stack in a vacuum of five sets of disc-shaped Blumlein modules each having a center hole through which particles are sequentially accelerated. Each Blumlein module is a sandwich of two outer conductive plates that bracket an inner conductive plate positioned between two dielectric plates with different thicknesses and dielectric constants. A third dielectric core in the shape of a hollow cylinder forms a casing down the series of center holes, and it has a dielectric constant different that the two dielectric plates that sandwich the inner conductive plate. In operation, all the inner conductive plates are charged to the same DC potential relative to the outer conductive plates. Next, all the inner conductive plates are simultaneously shorted to the outer conductive plates at the outer diameters. The signal short will propagate to the inner diameters at two different rates in each Blumlein module. A faster wave propagates quicker to the third dielectric core across the dielectric plates with the closer spacing and lower dielectric constant. When the faster wave reaches the inner extents of the outer and inner conductive plates, it reflects back outward and reverses the field in that segment of the dielectric core. All the field segments in the dielectric core are then in unipolar agreement until the slower wave finally propagates to the third dielectric core across the dielectric plates with the wider spacing and higher dielectric constant. During such unipolar agreement, particles in the core are accelerated with gradients that exceed twenty megavolts per meter.

Carder, Bruce M. (205 Rogue River Hwy., Gold Hill, OR 97525)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

High-gradient compact linear accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-gradient linear accelerator comprises a solid-state stack in a vacuum of five sets of disc-shaped Blumlein modules each having a center hole through which particles are sequentially accelerated. Each Blumlein module is a sandwich of two outer conductive plates that bracket an inner conductive plate positioned between two dielectric plates with different thicknesses and dielectric constants. A third dielectric core in the shape of a hollow cylinder forms a casing down the series of center holes, and it has a dielectric constant different that the two dielectric plates that sandwich the inner conductive plate. In operation, all the inner conductive plates are charged to the same DC potential relative to the outer conductive plates. Next, all the inner conductive plates are simultaneously shorted to the outer conductive plates at the outer diameters. The signal short will propagate to the inner diameters at two different rates in each Blumlein module. A faster wave propagates quicker to the third dielectric core across the dielectric plates with the closer spacing and lower dielectric constant. When the faster wave reaches the inner extents of the outer and inner conductive plates, it reflects back outward and reverses the field in that segment of the dielectric core. All the field segments in the dielectric core are then in unipolar agreement until the slower wave finally propagates to the third dielectric core across the dielectric plates with the wider spacing and higher dielectric constant. During such unipolar agreement, particles in the core are accelerated with gradients that exceed twenty megavolts per meter. 10 figs.

Carder, B.M.

1998-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

111

Efficient laser acceleration of proton beams for intense sources of low energy neutrinos  

SciTech Connect

The existence of highly efficient ion acceleration regimes in collective laser-plasma interactions opens up the possibility to develop high-energy-physics (HEP) facilities in conjunction with projects for inertial confined nuclear fusion (ICF) and neutron spallation sources.

Pegoraro, F. [Department of Physics, University of Pisa, Pisa (Italy); CNISM, Pisa (Italy); Bulanov, S. V.; Esirkepov, T. Zh.; Tajima, T. [Advanced Photon Research Centre, JAEA, Kizu, Kyoto (Japan); Migliozzi, P. [INFN, Sez. di Napoli, Naples (Italy); Terranova, F. [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Frascati (Italy)

2006-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

112

Field calibration studies for ionisation chambers in mixed high-energy radiation fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......roof over the accelerator measures only...activation of the PS vacuum chamber, measured after stop of the accelerator. A loss of protons...High Energy and Nuclear Physics 2003 Conference...high-energy accelerators. (2003) Doctoral......

C. Theis; D. Forkel-Wirth; M. Fuerstner; S. Mayer; Th. Otto; S. Roesler; H. Vincke

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Ultra-High Gradient Dielectric Wakefield Accelerator Experiments  

SciTech Connect

Ultra-high gradient dielectric wakefield accelerators are a potential option for a linear collider afterburner since they are immune to the ion collapse and electron/positron asymmetry problems implicit in a plasma based afterburner. The first phase of an experiment to study the performance of dielectric Cerenkov wakefield accelerating structures at extremely high gradients in the GV/m range has been completed. The experiment took advantage of the unique SLAC FFTB electron beam and its ultra-short pulse lengths and high currents (e.g., {sigma}{sub z} = 20 {micro}m at Q = 3 nC). The FFTB electron beam was successfully focused down and sent through short lengths of fused silica capillary tubing (ID = 200 {micro}m/OD = 325 {micro}m). The pulse length of the electron beam was varied to produce a range of electric fields between 2 and 20 GV/m at the inner surface of the dielectric tubes. We observed a sharp increase in optical emissions from the capillaries in the middle part of this surface field range which we believe indicates the transition between sustainable field levels and breakdown. If this initial interpretation is correct, the surfaced fields that were sustained equate to on axis accelerating field of several GV/m. In future experiments being developed for the SLAC SABER and BNL ATF we plan to use the coherent Cerenkov radiation emitted from the capillary tube as a field strength diagnostic and demonstrate GV/m range particle energy gain.

Thompson, M C; Badakov, H; Rosenzweig, J B; Travish, G; Hogan, M; Ischebeck, R; Kirby, N; Siemann, R; Walz, D; Muggli, P; Scott, A; Yoder, R

2006-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

114

Ultra-High Gradient Dielectric Wakefield Accelerator Experiments  

SciTech Connect

Ultra-high gradient dielectric wakefield accelerators are a potential option for a linear collider afterburner since they are immune to the ion collapse and electron/positron asymmetry problems implicit in a plasma based afterburner. The first phase of an experiment to study the performance of dielectric Cerenkov wakefield accelerating structures at extremely high gradients in the GV/m range has been completed. The experiment took advantage of the unique SLAC FFTB electron beam and its ultra-short pulse lengths and high currents (e.g., {sigma}z = 20 {mu}m at Q = 3 nC). The FFTB electron beam was successfully focused down and sent through short lengths of fused silica capillary tubing (ID = 200 {mu}m / OD = 325 {mu}m). The pulse length of the electron beam was varied to produce a range of electric fields between 2 and 20 GV/m at the inner surface of the dielectric tubes. We observed a sharp increase in optical emissions from the capillaries in the middle part of this surface field range which we believe indicates the transition between sustainable field levels and breakdown. If this initial interpretation is correct, the surfaced fields that were sustained equate to on axis accelerating field of several GV/m. In future experiments being developed for the SLAC SABER and BNL ATF we plan to use the coherent Cerenkov radiation emitted from the capillary tube as a field strength diagnostic and demonstrate GV/m range particle energy gain.

Thompson, M. C. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California, 90095 (United States); Badakov, H.; Rosenzweig, J. B.; Travis, G. [UCLA Department of Physics and Astronomy, Los Angeles, California, 90095 (United States); Hogan, M.; Ischebeck, R.; Kirby, N.; Siemann, R.; Walz, D. [Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Stanford, California, 94309 (United States); Muggli, P. [University of Southern California Los Angeles, California, 90089 (United States); Scott, A. [UCSB Department of Physics, Santa Barbara, California, 93106 (United States); Yoder, R. [Manhattan College, Riverdale, New York, 10471 (United States)

2006-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

115

Environmental Assessment Low Energy Accelerator Laboratory  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Low Energy Accelerator Laboratory Technical Area 53 Los Alamos National Laboratory T h i s report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof. nor any of their employees. makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsi- bility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Refer- ence herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recom- mendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views

116

Development of high gradient laser wakefield accelerators towards nuclear detection applications at LBNL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

laser wakefield accelerators towards nuclear detectionRecent laser wakefield accelerator experiments at LBNLscaling of laser driven accelerators to GeV energies. Stable

Geddes, Cameron GR

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

High Energy Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Basic Energy Science Biological and Environmental Research Fusion Energy Sciences High Energy Physics Nuclear Physics Advanced Scientific Computing Research Pioneering...

118

Accelerating Energy Savings Performance Contracting Through Model Statewide Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Provides information on Energy Savings Performance Contracing (ESPC), including links to best practices and tools as well as the Accelerated ESCP initiative and types of assistance available. Author: Energy Services Coalition

119

Stochastic electron acceleration in the TeV supernova remnant RX J1713.7–3946: the high-energy cut-off  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Proc. Vol. 1085, High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy. Am. Inst. Phys., New York, p. 344. Lucek S. G...Waves. McGraw-Hill, New York. Tanaka T. et al...Collisionless Plasmas. Wiley, New York. Treumann R. A. , Jaroschek......

Zhonghui Fan; Siming Liu; Christopher L. Fryer

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

SETsquared Business Acceleration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Academic Research foundation ) References: SETsquared Business Acceleration1 This article is a stub. You can...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Useful Links Useful Links Argonne National Laboratory Accelerator Sites Conferences Advanced Photon Source (APS) Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) Argonne Tandem Linear Accelerator System (ATLAS) High Energy Physics Division RIA (????) Link to JACoW (Joint Accelerator Conferences Website) Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory Fermilab-Argonne Collaboration Accelerator Physics Center Workshops Other Accelerator Institutes Energy Recovering Linacs Center for Advance Studies of Accelerators (Jefferson Labs) Center for Beam Physics (LBNL) Accelerator Test Facility (BNL) The Cockcroft Institute (Daresbury, UK) John Adams Institute (Rutherford, UK) ERL2009 to be held at Cornell ERL2007 ERL2005 DOE Laboratory with Accelerators Fermilab Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Brookhaven National Laboratory

122

Discovery of Optical Emission in the Hotspots of Three 3CR Quasars: High-Energy Particle Acceleration in Powerful Radio Hotspots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Archival Hubble Space Telescope WFPC2 images were used to search for optical emission associated with the radio jets of a number of luminous quasars. From this search, we report new optical hotspot detections in the well-known blazar 3C~454.3 and the lobe-dominated quasars 3C~275.1 and 3C~336. We also find optical emission in the vicinity of the hotspot in 3C~208, but believe this is a chance alignment. Optical emission from the arcsecond-scale jet in 3C~454.3 is also detected. Multi-frequency archival radio data from the VLA and MERLIN are analyzed, and the synchrotron spectra of these high-power hotspots are presented. We estimate that their break frequencies are in the range of $10^{10}-10^{11}$ Hz, with large uncertainties due to the wide gap in frequency coverage between the radio and optical bands. We also calculate their equipartition magnetic fields, and find that the anti-correlation between break frequency and magnetic field found by Brunetti et al. for lower power hotspots extends to these high power hotspots. This supports their model of hot-spots based on shock acceleration and synchrotron losses.

C. C. Cheung; J. F. C. Wardle; T. Chen

2005-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

123

Current trends in non-accelerator particle physics: 1, Neutrino mass and oscillation. 2, High energy neutrino astrophysics. 3, Detection of dark matter. 4, Search for strange quark matter. 5, Magnetic monopole searches  

SciTech Connect

This report is a compilation of papers reflecting current trends in non-accelerator particle physics, corresponding to talks that its author was invited to present at the Workshop on Tibet Cosmic Ray Experiment and Related Physics Topics held in Beijing, China, April 4--13, 1995. The papers are entitled `Neutrino Mass and Oscillation`, `High Energy Neutrino Astrophysics`, `Detection of Dark Matter`, `Search for Strange Quark Matter`, and `Magnetic Monopole Searches`. The report is introduced by a survey of the field and a brief description of each of the author`s papers.

He, Yudong [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States)]|[Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Energy Department Announces New Private Sector Partnership to Accelerate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Private Sector Partnership to Private Sector Partnership to Accelerate Renewable Energy Projects Energy Department Announces New Private Sector Partnership to Accelerate Renewable Energy Projects October 7, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington DC --- U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced the Department of Energy (DOE) will provide up to $750 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to help accelerate the development of conventional renewable energy generation projects. This funding will cover the cost of loan guarantees which could support as much as $4 to 8 billion in lending to eligible projects, and the Department will invite private sector participation to accelerate the financing of these renewable energy projects. To this end, the Department announced the creation of its new Financial

125

High Energy Nuclear Interactions and Structure of Elementary Particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Articles High Energy Nuclear Interactions and Structure...role in extremely high energy interactions in cosmic...looked for in accelerator energy region. It is suggested...Theoretical Physics on nuclear forces. 6) S. Hayakawa......

Mituo Taketani; Yoichi Fujimoto

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Energy Department Announces New Investments to Accelerate Breakthroughs in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Department Announces New Investments to Accelerate Energy Department Announces New Investments to Accelerate Breakthroughs in Cost-Competitive Solar Energy Energy Department Announces New Investments to Accelerate Breakthroughs in Cost-Competitive Solar Energy August 29, 2012 - 1:57pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON -- Building off SunShot Initiative investments in concentrating solar power announced earlier this week, the Energy Department today announced five new research projects to accelerate innovations that could lower the cost of photovoltaic and concentrating solar power technologies. These investments will enable collaborative research teams from industry, universities, and national laboratories to work together at the Department's Scientific User Facilities, a national network of unique

127

Accelerate Oklahoma (Oklahoma) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerate Oklahoma (Oklahoma) Accelerate Oklahoma (Oklahoma) Accelerate Oklahoma (Oklahoma) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Oklahoma Program Type Equity Investment Provider i2E Three new funds that each offer equity and growth investment capital for state-based entrepreneurs, depending on the lifecycle stage of their business, were appropriated through the Oklahoma Commerce Department by the U.S. Treasury Department and are managed by i2E.

128

Drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure relates to a drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators. The system comprises a series of box-sections girders independently adjustably mounted on a linear accelerator. A plurality of drift tube holding stems are individually adjustably mounted on each girder.

Liska, Donald J. (Los Alamos, NM); Schamaun, Roger G. (Los Alamos, NM); Clark, Donald C. (Los Alamos, NM); Potter, R. Christopher (Los Alamos, NM); Frank, Joseph A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure relates to a drift tube suspension for high intensity linear accelerators. The system comprises a series of box-sections girders independently adjustably mounted on a linear accelerator. A plurality of drift tube holding stems are individually adjustably mounted on each girder.

Liska, D.J.; Schamaun, R.G.; Clark, D.C.; Potter, R.C.; Frank, J.A.

1980-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

130

Fermilab Project X nuclear energy application: Accelerator, spallation target and transmutation technology demonstration  

SciTech Connect

The recent paper 'Accelerator and Target Technology for Accelerator Driven Transmutation and Energy Production' and report 'Accelerators for America's Future' have endorsed the idea that the next generation particle accelerators would enable technological breakthrough needed for nuclear energy applications, including transmutation of waste. In the Fall of 2009 Fermilab sponsored a workshop on Application of High Intensity Proton Accelerators to explore in detail the use of the Superconducting Radio Frequency (SRF) accelerator technology for Nuclear Energy Applications. High intensity Continuous Wave (CW) beam from the Superconducting Radio Frequency (SRF) Linac (Project-X) at beam energy between 1-2 GeV will provide an unprecedented experimental and demonstration facility in the United States for much needed nuclear energy Research and Development. We propose to carry out an experimental program to demonstrate the reliability of the accelerator technology, Lead-Bismuth spallation target technology and a transmutation experiment of spent nuclear fuel. We also suggest that this facility could be used for other Nuclear Energy applications.

Gohar, Yousry; /Argonne; Johnson, David; Johnson, Todd; Mishra, Shekhar; /Fermilab

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Accelerated Radioactive Nuclear Beams (Low Energy)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possibility of producing and accelerating intense beams of short-lived radioactive heavy ions, both for studies of nuclides themselves and for use as projectiles in reactions of considerable interest to the f...

John M. D’Auria

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

High Energy Nuclear Events  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Articles High Energy Nuclear Events Enrico Fermi Institute...Distribution of Pions produced in High Energy Nuclear Collisions Yoshihiro Yamamoto...Possible Interpretation of High Energy Nuclear Events Nobuo Yajima, Shuji Takagi......

Enrico Fermi

1950-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Energy Minimization Accelerated with FPGAs Thesis submitted in partial fulfillment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

implementation for that part of the computation. iv #12;Contents 1 Introduction 1 1.1 What is Energy Minimization between Energy Minimization and Molecular Dynamics . . . . 7 2.3 Content of Energy Minimization Terms' & $ % Energy Minimization Accelerated with FPGAs Huaxin Dai Thesis submitted in partial

Herbordt, Martin

134

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for High Energy Physics for High Energy Physics Accelerator Physics P. Spentzouris, Fermilab Motivation Accelerators enable many important applications, both in basic research and applied sciences Different machine attributes are emphasized for different applications * Different particle beams and operation principles * Different energies and intensities Accelerator science and technology objectives for all applications * Achieve higher energy and intensity, faster and cheaper machine design, more reliable operation a wide spectrum of requirements for very complex instruments. Assisting their design and operation requires an equally complex set of computational tools. High Energy Physics Priorities High energy frontier * Use high-energy colliders to discover new particles and

135

COLLECTIVE PHENOMENA IN ACCELERATORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proc. 1971 Particle Accelerator Conference, IEEE Trans. onConference on High-Energy Accelerators) 1971 (CERN, Geneva,and P. R. Zenkevich, Particle Accelerators b 1 (1972). M. S.

Sessler, Andrew M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Southern California Clean Energy Technology Acceleration Program Educational Webinars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Southern California Clean Energy Technology Acceleration Program Educational Webinars OUR FIRST WEBINAR IS IN ONE WEEK! As a part of the Technology Acceleration Program, applicants will be provided the commercialization of their technologies. These workshops will be presented as Webinars that will, at initial

Talley, Lynne D.

137

Energy spectrum of a uniformly accelerated detector at finite temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy spectrum of the zero-point field of a massless scalar field in the presence of both uniform acceleration and temperature is obtained by the use of the Wightman function. It has an intricate form. However, in two limiting cases, (a) the temperature is approaching zero and (b) the acceleration is approaching zero, it has physically appropriate forms.

H. T. Lee and O. J. Kwon

1991-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

138

Acceleration of low energy charged particles by gravitational waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The acceleration of charged particles in the presence of a magnetic field and gravitational waves is under consideration. It is shown that the weak gravitational waves can cause the acceleration of low energy particles under appropriate conditions. Such conditions may be satisfied close to the source of the gravitational waves if the magnetized plasma is in a turbulent state.

G. Voyatzis; L. Vlahos; S. Ichtiaroglou; D. Papadopoulos

2005-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

139

Optimizing rotational acceleration curves for minimum energy use in electric  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimizing rotational acceleration curves for minimum energy use in electric motors. 12/15/06 Fall the optimal efficiency of a motor for any input values of motor constants, distance, or time. In every of the inspiration to find which rotational acceleration curve for the used motors would be most efficient. We really

Ruina, Andy L.

140

Variable-energy drift-tube linear accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A linear accelerator system includes a plurality of post-coupled drift-tubes wherein each post coupler is bistably positionable to either of two positions which result in different field distributions. With binary control over a plurality of post couplers, a significant accumlative effect in the resulting field distribution is achieved yielding a variable-energy drift-tube linear accelerator.

Swenson, Donald A. (Los Alamos, NM); Boyd, Jr., Thomas J. (Los Alamos, NM); Potter, James M. (Los Alamos, NM); Stovall, James E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Energy Department Announces New Awards to Small Businesses to Accelerate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Department Announces New Awards to Small Businesses to Energy Department Announces New Awards to Small Businesses to Accelerate Commercialization of Clean Energy Technologies Energy Department Announces New Awards to Small Businesses to Accelerate Commercialization of Clean Energy Technologies July 24, 2013 - 4:00pm Addthis Editor's Note: This progress alert was originally posted on The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's website The Energy Department's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy today announced new awards totaling nearly $11 million to help small businesses in nine states develop innovative ideas that could cut carbon pollution, reduce our reliance on imported oil, and boost energy efficiency. As part of the Energy Department's efforts to support innovative small businesses and bring new clean energy technologies to market faster, these

142

Energy Department Announces Investments to Accelerate U.S. Manufacturing of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Department Announces Investments to Accelerate U.S. Energy Department Announces Investments to Accelerate U.S. Manufacturing of Energy Efficient Lighting Technologies Energy Department Announces Investments to Accelerate U.S. Manufacturing of Energy Efficient Lighting Technologies June 7, 2012 - 1:44pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON -- As part of the Obama Administration's all-of-the-above energy strategy to help reduce energy costs for America's homes and businesses, the Energy Department today announced more than $7 million for three innovative lighting projects at companies in California, Michigan and North Carolina that aim to lower the cost of manufacturing high-efficiency solid-state lighting (SSL) technologies like light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). LEDs and OLEDs are generally

143

Relativistic klystron driven compact high gradient accelerator as an injector to an X-ray synchrotron radiation ring  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact high gradient accelerator driven by a relativistic klystron is utilized to inject high energy electrons into an X-ray synchrotron radiation ring. The high gradients provided by the relativistic klystron enables accelerator structure to be much shorter (typically 3 meters) than conventional injectors. This in turn enables manufacturers which utilize high energy, high intensity X-rays to produce various devices, such as computer chips, to do so on a cost effective basis.

Yu, David U. L. (1912 MacArthur St., Rancho Palos Verdes, CA 90732)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Department of Energy Awards $338 Million to Accelerate Domestic Geothermal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy Awards $338 Million to Accelerate Domestic Department of Energy Awards $338 Million to Accelerate Domestic Geothermal Energy Department of Energy Awards $338 Million to Accelerate Domestic Geothermal Energy October 29, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced up to $338 million in Recovery Act funding for the exploration and development of new geothermal fields and research into advanced geothermal technologies. These grants will support 123 projects in 39 states, with recipients including private industry, academic institutions, tribal entities, local governments, and DOE's National Laboratories. The grants will be matched more than one-for-one with an additional $353 million in private and non-Federal cost-share funds. "The United States is blessed with vast geothermal energy resources, which

145

Non-Thermal Electron Acceleration in Low Mach Number Collisionless Shocks. I. Particle Energy Spectra and Acceleration Mechanism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electron acceleration to non-thermal energies in low Mach number (Msolar flares, but the electron acceleration mechanism remains poorly understood. Diffusive shock acceleration, also known as first-order Fermi acceleration, cannot be directly invoked to explain the acceleration of electrons. Rather, an additional mechanism is required to pre-accelerate the electrons from thermal to supra-thermal energies, so they can then participate in the Fermi process. In this work, we use two- and three-dimensional particle-in-cell plasma simulations to study electron acceleration in low Mach number shocks. We focus on the particle energy spectra and the acceleration mechanism in a reference run with M=3. We find that about 15 percent of the electrons can be efficiently accelerated, forming a non-thermal power-law tail in the energy spectrum with a slope of p~2.4. Initially, thermal electrons are energized at the shock front via shock drift a...

Guo, Xinyi; Narayan, Ramesh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Energy Department Announces New Investments to Accelerate Breakthroughs in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Investments to Accelerate New Investments to Accelerate Breakthroughs in Cost-Competitive Solar Energy Energy Department Announces New Investments to Accelerate Breakthroughs in Cost-Competitive Solar Energy August 29, 2012 - 1:57pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON -- Building off SunShot Initiative investments in concentrating solar power announced earlier this week, the Energy Department today announced five new research projects to accelerate innovations that could lower the cost of photovoltaic and concentrating solar power technologies. These investments will enable collaborative research teams from industry, universities, and national laboratories to work together at the Department's Scientific User Facilities, a national network of unique facilities that provide over 10,000 scientists and engineers each year with

147

Biological assessments for the low energy demonstration accelerator, 1996  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the biological impact to the area around the Los Alamos National Laboratory of the Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator. In particular the impact to the soils, water quality, vegetation, and wildlife are discussed.

Cross, S.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Radiative energy shifts of an accelerated two-level system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the influence of acceleration on the radiative energy shifts of atoms in Minkowski space. We study a two-level atom coupled to a scalar quantum field. Using a Heisenberg picture approach, we are able to separate the contributions of vacuum fluctuations and radiation reaction to the Lamb shift of the two-level atom. The resulting energy shifts for the special case of a uniformly accelerated atom are then compared with those of an atom at rest.

Jürgen Audretsch and Rainer Müller

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Energy Department Announces New Awards to Small Businesses to Accelerate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Awards to Small Businesses to New Awards to Small Businesses to Accelerate Commercialization of Clean Energy Technologies Energy Department Announces New Awards to Small Businesses to Accelerate Commercialization of Clean Energy Technologies July 24, 2013 - 4:00pm Addthis Editor's Note: This progress alert was originally posted on The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's website The Energy Department's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy today announced new awards totaling nearly $11 million to help small businesses in nine states develop innovative ideas that could cut carbon pollution, reduce our reliance on imported oil, and boost energy efficiency. As part of the Energy Department's efforts to support innovative small businesses and bring new clean energy technologies to market faster, these

150

Proposal for the Study of Thermophysical Properties of High-Energy-Density Matter Using Current and Future Heavy-Ion Accelerator Facilities at GSI Darmstadt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The subject of high-energy-density (HED) states in matter is of considerable importance to numerous branches of basic as well as applied physics. Intense heavy-ion beams are an excellent tool to create large samples of HED matter in the laboratory with fairly uniform physical conditions. Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, is a unique worldwide laboratory that has a heavy-ion synchrotron, SIS18, that delivers intense beams of energetic heavy ions. Construction of a much more powerful synchrotron, SIS100, at the future international facility for antiprotons and ion research (FAIR) at Darmstadt will lead to an increase in beam intensity by 3 orders of magnitude compared to what is currently available. The purpose of this Letter is to investigate with the help of two-dimensional numerical simulations, the potential of the FAIR to carry out research in the field of HED states in matter.

N. A. Tahir, C. Deutsch, V. E. Fortov, V. Gryaznov, D. H. H. Hoffmann, M. Kulish, I. V. Lomonosov, V. Mintsev, P. Ni, D. Nikolaev, A. R. Piriz, N. Shilkin, P. Spiller, A. Shutov, M. Temporal, V. Ternovoi, S. Udrea, and D. Varentsov

2005-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

151

High Energy Cost Grants | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

High Energy Cost Grants High Energy Cost Grants The High Energy Cost Grant Program provides financial assistance for the improvement of energy generation, transmission, and...

152

Development of Indian High Intensity Proton Accelerator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Brinkman, Director, US-DOE-OS met with Dr. Banerjee and Dr. Grover several time #12;Status: MOU: Fermilab The Fermilab Tevatron has now passed on the energy frontier to LHC, following 25 years as the highest energy particle collider in the world. Fermilab operates the highest power long baseline neutrino

Quigg, Chris

153

Coulomb driven energy boost of heavy ions for laser plasma acceleration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An unprecedented increase of kinetic energy of laser accelerated heavy ions is demonstrated. Ultra thin gold foils have been irradiated by an ultra short laser pulse at an intensity of $6\\times 10^{19}$ W/cm$^{2}$. Highly charged gold ions with kinetic energies up to $> 200$ MeV and a bandwidth limited energy distribution have been reached by using $1.3$ Joule laser energy on target. $1$D and $2$D Particle in Cell simulations show how a spatial dependence on the ions ionization leads to an enhancement of the accelerating electrical field. Our theoretical model considers a varying charge density along the target normal and is capable of explaining the energy boost of highly charged ions, leading to a higher efficiency in laser acceleration of heavy ions.

Braenzel, J; Platonov, K; Klingsporn, M; Ehrentraut, L; Sandner, W; Schnürer, M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Department of Energy Awards $338 Million to Accelerate Domestic Geothermal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

38 Million to Accelerate Domestic 38 Million to Accelerate Domestic Geothermal Energy Department of Energy Awards $338 Million to Accelerate Domestic Geothermal Energy October 29, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced up to $338 million in Recovery Act funding for the exploration and development of new geothermal fields and research into advanced geothermal technologies. These grants will support 123 projects in 39 states, with recipients including private industry, academic institutions, tribal entities, local governments, and DOE's National Laboratories. The grants will be matched more than one-for-one with an additional $353 million in private and non-Federal cost-share funds. "The United States is blessed with vast geothermal energy resources, which

155

Energy Department Announces Investments to Accelerate U.S. Manufacturing of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Investments to Accelerate U.S. Investments to Accelerate U.S. Manufacturing of Energy Efficient Lighting Technologies Energy Department Announces Investments to Accelerate U.S. Manufacturing of Energy Efficient Lighting Technologies June 7, 2012 - 1:44pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON -- As part of the Obama Administration's all-of-the-above energy strategy to help reduce energy costs for America's homes and businesses, the Energy Department today announced more than $7 million for three innovative lighting projects at companies in California, Michigan and North Carolina that aim to lower the cost of manufacturing high-efficiency solid-state lighting (SSL) technologies like light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). LEDs and OLEDs are generally

156

The Office of High Energy Physics Announces the Launch of Its...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

News & Resources News Archives 2013 The Office of High Energy Physics Announces the Launch of Its New Accelerator R&D Stewardship Webpages High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP...

157

Accelerating Successful Smart Grid Pilots | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Accelerating Successful Smart Grid Pilots Accelerating Successful Smart Grid Pilots Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Accelerating Successful Smart Grid Pilots Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Opportunity Assessment & Screening Website: www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_EN_SmartGrids_Pilots_Report_2010.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/accelerating-successful-smart-grid-pi Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Demonstration & Implementation Regulations: "Enabling Legislation,Resource Integration Planning" is not in the list of possible values (Agriculture Efficiency Requirements, Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling, Audit Requirements, Building Certification, Building Codes, Cost Recovery/Allocation, Emissions Mitigation Scheme, Emissions Standards, Enabling Legislation, Energy Standards, Feebates, Feed-in Tariffs, Fuel Efficiency Standards, Incandescent Phase-Out, Mandates/Targets, Net Metering & Interconnection, Resource Integration Planning, Safety Standards, Upgrade Requirements, Utility/Electricity Service Costs) for this property.

158

Laser-Accelerated Protons with Energy-Dependent Beam Direction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The spatial distribution of protons, accelerated by intense femtosecond laser pulses interacting with thin target foils under oblique irradiation are investigated. Under certain conditions, the proton beams are directed away from the target normal. This deviation is towards the laser forward direction, with an angle that increases with the level and duration of the amplified spontaneous emission pedestal before the main laser pulse. In addition, for a given laser pulse, this beam deviation increases with proton energy. The observations are discussed in terms of different electron acceleration mechanisms and target normal sheath acceleration, in combination with a laser-controllable shock wave locally deforming the target rear surface.

F. Lindau; O. Lundh; A. Persson; P. McKenna; K. Osvay; D. Batani; C.-G. Wahlström

2005-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

159

Energy Department Announces New Investment to Accelerate Next Generation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Accelerate Next to Accelerate Next Generation Biofuels Energy Department Announces New Investment to Accelerate Next Generation Biofuels July 1, 2013 - 1:00pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON -- Building on President Obama's plan to cut carbon pollution and announced this week, the Energy Department today announced four research and development projects to bring next generation biofuels on line faster and drive down the cost of producing gasoline, diesel and jet fuels from biomass. The projects - located in Oklahoma, Tennessee, Utah and Wisconsin - represent a $13 million Energy Department investment. "By partnering with private industry, universities and our national labs, we can increase America's energy security, bolster rural economic development and cut harmful carbon pollution from our cars, trucks and

160

Energy Department Announces Investment to Accelerate Next Generation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Investment to Accelerate Next Investment to Accelerate Next Generation Biofuels Energy Department Announces Investment to Accelerate Next Generation Biofuels July 1, 2013 - 4:37pm Addthis Following last week's rollout of President Obama's plan to cut carbon pollution, the Energy Department today announced four research and development projects to bring next generation biofuels on line faster and drive down the cost of producing gasoline, diesel, and jet fuels from biomass. The projects-located in Oklahoma, Tennessee, Utah, and Wisconsin-represent a $13 million Energy Department investment. "By partnering with private industry, universities and our national labs, we can increase America's energy security, bolster rural economic development, and cut harmful carbon pollution from our cars, trucks and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Dark Energy and an Accelerating Universe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dark energy is an enigma. It could be one of the greatest discoveries of modern cosmology, or it might not ... collectively they can offer no explanation for what dark energy, if it is real, could be ... to data ...

Martin Beech

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Energy Department Announces New Private Sector Partnership to Accelerate Renewable Energy Projects  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced the Department of Energy (DOE) will provide up to $750 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to help accelerate the development of conventional renewable energy generation projects.

163

High energy and high excitement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......definite, stream of energy. Most previous optical...If there is a slower car in front on a highway...result, which are akin to car collisions. These gigantic clouds of high-energy electrons, now seen...outcrops. However, an alternative possibility is that the......

Peter Bond

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

The Henley Accelerator supports ambitious high growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a business in the 5-6% of SMEs that are on a high growth trajectory. Typically these businesses will have and Technology Centre, University of Reading, Earley Gate, Reading, Berkshire RG6 6BZ Tel: 0118 935 7115 Email

Reading, University of

165

Energy Storage Testing and Analysis High Power and High Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Testing and Analysis High Power and High Energy Development Energy Storage Testing and Analysis High Power and High Energy Development 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle...

166

Energy Department Accelerates the Deployment of Advanced Vehicle  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerates the Deployment of Advanced Vehicle Accelerates the Deployment of Advanced Vehicle Technologies with Private Industry Partnerships Energy Department Accelerates the Deployment of Advanced Vehicle Technologies with Private Industry Partnerships March 5, 2013 - 2:15pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - As part of the Obama Administration's commitment to speeding the transition to more sustainable energy sources that will help drive economic growth, the Energy Department today announced 16 major U.S. employers and two stakeholder groups have joined the Workplace Charging Challenge to give more American workers access to new transportation options, while another three U.S. corporations have joined the National Clean Fleets Partnership. These steps support President Obama's goal to

167

Energy conservation of a uniformly accelerated point charge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Direct numerical calculation shows that the total electromagnetic-field energy of a one-dimensional uniformly accelerated classical point charge at one instant is the same as that at another instant when the charge is moving at the same speed but in the opposite direction of the first instant. This seems contradictory to the fact that the radiation power calculated by the Larmor formula is constant, but is required by the fact that the radiation reaction vanishes. It is also shown numerically that the electromagetic-field energy changes a finite amount when a charge begins or ends its uniformly accelerated motion. This change of energy is equal to the work done against a ?-function radiation reaction. The implications of these results on the question of whether a uniformly accelerated charge radiates are discussed.

Chung-Sang Ng

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Reversed Gravitational Acceleration for High-speed Particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Examination of the free-fall motion of particles of extremely high-speed in the Schwarzschild geometry reveals that the gravitational acceleration of such particles is reversed when measured in Schwarzschild coordinates. High-speed particles decelerate when moving radially downward, and they accelerate when moving upward. The onset of this abnormal behavior occurs at a speed of 1/Sqrt(3) times the local value of the speed of light. However, the gravitational force always remains attractive. PACS numbers: 04.20.-q, 04.20.Cv, 01.65+g

Hans C. Ohanian

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

169

Accelerating conformational sampling in free energy calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

intrinsic free energy profile of a single pep- tide mightenergy profile along the ?-strand to pII state conformational transition of the signature TATTVGYG KcsA pep- tide and

Fajer, Mikolai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Use of the LEDA Facility as an ADS High-Power Accelerator Test Bed  

SciTech Connect

The Low-Energy Demonstration Accelerator (LEDA) was built to generate high-current proton beams. Its successful full-power operation and testing in 1999-2001 confirmed the feasibility of a high-power linear accelerator (linac) front end, the most technically challenging portion of such a machine. The 6.7-MeV accelerator operates reliably at 95-mA CW beam current with few interruptions orjaults, and qualiJes as one of the most powerful accelerators in the world. LEDA is now available to address the needs of other programs. LEDA can be upgraded in a staged fashion to allow for full-power accelerator demonstrations. The proposed post-h!FQ accelerator structures are 350-MHz superconducting spoke cavities developed for the AAA /APT program. The superconducting portion of the accelerator is designed for a IOO-mA proton beam current. Superconducting cavities were chosen because of the signijkant thermal issues with room-temperature structures, the larger superconducting cavity apertures, and the lower operating costs ('because of improved electrical efficiency) of a superconducting accelerator. Since high reliability is a major issue for an ADS system, the superconducting design architecture alIows operation through faults due to the failure of single magnets or superconducting cavities. The presently installed power capacity of 13 MVA of input ACpower is capable of supporting a 40-MeVproton beam at 100 mA. (The input power is easily expandable to 25 MVA, allowing up to 100-MeV operation). Operation at 40-MeV would provide a complete demonstration of all of the critical accelerator sub-systems ofa full-power ADS system.

Garnett, R. W. (Robert W.); Sheffield, R. L. (Richard L.)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Prospects for accelerated development of high performance structural materials Steven J. Zinkle a,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the operational per- formance and radiation resistance of structural materials during the past few decadesProspects for accelerated development of high performance structural materials Steven J. Zinkle a for fission and fusion energy applica- tions, by linking material fabrication to thermo-mechanical properties

Ghoniem, Nasr M.

172

Beyond Solyndra: How the Energy Department's Loans are Accelerating  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solyndra: How the Energy Department's Loans are Solyndra: How the Energy Department's Loans are Accelerating America's Transition to a Clean Energy Future Beyond Solyndra: How the Energy Department's Loans are Accelerating America's Transition to a Clean Energy Future June 21, 2012 - 11:00am Addthis 1 of 14 2 of 14 3 of 14 4 of 14 5 of 14 6 of 14 7 of 14 8 of 14 9 of 14 10 of 14 11 of 14 12 of 14 13 of 14 14 of 14 Dan Leistikow Dan Leistikow Former Director, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? The projects create jobs and provide our economy with clean, renewable power while protecting our air and water. They support first-of-their-kind, large scale wind, solar, geothermal and biofuel projects with cutting edge technology. They are generating $55 billion in investment into our economy. These investments are lowering the risk profile for future projects

173

Fundamental physics on natures of the macroscopic vacuum under high intense electromagnetic fields with accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High intense electromagnetic fields can be unique probes to study natures of macroscopic vacua by themselves. Combining accelerators with the intense field can provide more fruitful probes which can neither be achieved by only intense fields nor only high energy accelerators. We will overview the natures of vacua which can be accessible via intense laser-laser and intense laser-electron interactions. In the case of the laser-laser interaction, we propose how to observe nonlinear QED effects and effects of new fields like light scalar and pseudo scalar fields which may contribute to a macroscopic nature of our universe such as dark energy. In the case of the laser-electron interaction, in addition to nonlinear QED effects, we can further discuss the nature of accelerating field in the vacuum where we can access physics related with event horizons such as Hawking-Unruh radiations. We will introduce a recent experimental trial to search for this kind of odd radiations.

Kensuke Homma

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

174

Department of Energy Awards $71 Million to Accelerate Innovative Carbon  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Awards $71 Million to Accelerate Innovative Awards $71 Million to Accelerate Innovative Carbon Capture Project Department of Energy Awards $71 Million to Accelerate Innovative Carbon Capture Project September 15, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that Arizona Public Service (APS), Phoenix, Ariz., has been awarded $70.5 million from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) to expand an existing industrial and innovative reuse carbon mitigation project. Arizona Public Service's ongoing algae-based carbon mitigation project, previously selected via competitive solicitation, will be expanded to include testing with a coal-based gasification system. The process aims to minimize production of carbon dioxide when gasifying coal. The host facility for this project is the Cholla Power Plant located in Holbrook,

175

Control of Parallel Robots: Towards Very High Accelerations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

parallel robot (for automated spray painting) to be built was patented by W. Pollard in 1942. A few yearsControl of Parallel Robots: Towards Very High Accelerations Ahmed Chemori, Guilherme Sartori-redundant parallel manipulators, where we are interested in control of PAR2 robot for 2D pick-and- place trajectories

Boyer, Edmond

176

Energy Department Announces New Lab Program to Accelerate Commercialization of Clean Energy Technologies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

WASHINGTON – Today, the Department of Energy launched a new $2.3 million pilot program to accelerate the transfer of innovative clean energy technologies from the DOE’s National Laboratories into the commercial marketplace

177

High Energy Solar Particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

6 May 1976 research-article High Energy Solar Particles J. J. Quenby Protons, heavy nuclei and electrons are seen to be emitted from solar flares with energies extending up to the relativistic region. Three different...

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Dielectric-Lined High-Gradient Accelerator Structure  

SciTech Connect

Rectangular particle accelerator structures with internal planar dielectric elements have been studied, with a view towards devising structures with lower surface fields for a given accelerating field, as compared with structures without dielectrics. Success with this concept is expected to allow operation at higher accelerating gradients than otherwise on account of reduced breakdown probabilities. The project involves studies of RF breakdown on amorphous dielectrics in test cavities that could enable high-gradient structures to be built for a future multi-TeV collider. The aim is to determine what the limits are for RF fields at the surfaces of selected dielectrics, and the resulting acceleration gradient that could be achieved in a working structure. The dielectric of principal interest in this study is artificial CVD diamond, on account of its advertised high breakdown field ({approx}2 GV/m for dc), low loss tangent, and high thermal conductivity. Experimental studies at mm-wavelengths on materials and structures for achieving high acceleration gradient were based on the availability of the 34.3 GHz third-harmonic magnicon amplifier developed by Omega-P, and installed at the Yale University Beam Physics Laboratory. Peak power from the magnicon was measured to be about 20 MW in 0.5 {micro}s pulses, with a gain of 54 dB. Experiments for studying RF high-field effects on CVD diamond samples failed to show any evidence after more than 10{sup 5} RF pulses of RF breakdown up to a tangential surface field strength of 153 MV/m; studies at higher fields were not possible due to a degradation in magnicon performance. A rebuild of the tube is underway at this writing. Computed performance for a dielectric-loaded rectangular accelerator structure (DLA) shows highly competitive properties, as compared with an existing all-metal structure. For example, comparisons were made of a DLA structure having two planar CVD diamond elements with a all-metal CERN structure HDS operating at 30 GHz. It was shown that the ratio of maximum surface electric field to accelerating field at the metal wall is only 0.35-0.4 for DLA, much smaller than the value 2.2 for HDS; and the ratio of surface magnetic field to accelerating field is 3.0 mA/V for DLA, compared with 3.45 mA/V for HDS. These values bode well for DLA in helping to avoid breakdown and to reducing pulsed surface heating and fatigue. The shunt impedance is found to be 160-175 M{Omega}/m for DLA, as compared to 99 M{Omega}/m for HDS. Conclusions are reached from this project that CVD diamond appears promising as a dielectric with a high threshold for RF breakdown, and that rectangular accelerator structures can be devised using planar CVD diamond elements that could be operated at higher acceleration gradients with low probability of RF breakdown, as compared with corresponding all-metallic structures.

Jay L. Hirshfield

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

179

High Energy Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Scale Production Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics: Target 2017 HEPlogo.jpg The NERSC Program Requirements Review "Large Scale Computing and Storage...

180

Illinois Innovation Accelerator Fund i A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Innovation Accelerator Fund i A Innovation Accelerator Fund i A Jump to: navigation, search Name Illinois Innovation Accelerator Fund (i²A) Place Chicago, Illinois Zip 60601 Product Chicago-based for-profit early-stage clean energy investment fund. Coordinates 41.88415°, -87.632409° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.88415,"lon":-87.632409,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

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181

Fermilab | Science | Particle Accelerators | Fermilab's Accelerator...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

It produces the world's most powerful, high-energy neutrino beam and provides proton beams for various experiments and R&D programs. Fermilab's accelerator complex delivers...

182

Ionization and maximum energy of nuclei in shock acceleration theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the acceleration of heavy nuclei at SNR shocks when the process of ionization is taken into account. Heavy atoms ($Z_N >$ few) in the interstellar medium which start the diffusive shock acceleration (DSA) are never fully ionized at the moment of injection. The ionization occurs during the acceleration process, when atoms already move relativistically. For typical environment around SNRs the photo-ionization due to the background galactic radiation dominates over Coulomb collisions. The main consequence of ionization is the reduction of the maximum energy which ions can achieve with respect to the standard result of the DSA. In fact the photo-ionization has a timescale comparable to the beginning of the Sedov-Taylor phase, hence the maximum energy is no more proportional to the nuclear charge, as predicted by standard DSA, but rather to the effective ions' charge during the acceleration process, which is smaller than the total nuclear charge $Z_N$. This result can have a direct consequence in the pred...

Morlino, Giovanni

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

High-energy cosmic ray interactions  

SciTech Connect

Research into hadronic interactions and high-energy cosmic rays are closely related. On one hand--due to the indirect observation of cosmic rays through air showers--the understanding of hadronic multiparticle production is needed for deriving the flux and composition of cosmic rays at high energy. On the other hand the highest energy particles from the universe allow us to study the characteristics of hadronic interactions at energies far beyond the reach of terrestrial accelerators. This is the summary of three introductory lectures on our current understanding of hadronic interactions of cosmic rays.

Engel, Ralph [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, P.O. Box 3640, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Orellana, Mariana [Instituto Argentino de Radioastronomia (IAR), CCT La Plata (CONICET), C.C.5, 1894 Villa Elisa, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Facultad de Ciencias Astronomicas y Geofisicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Reynoso, Matias M. [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Funes 3350, (7600) Mar del Plata (Argentina); Instituto de Investigaciones Fisicas de Mar del Plata, (UNMdP-CONICET) (Argentina); Vila, Gabriela S. [Instituto Argentino de Radioastronomia (IAR), CCT La Plata (CONICET), C.C.5, 1894 Villa Elisa, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

184

Energy Spectrum of the Electrons Accelerated by a Reconnection Electric Field: Exponential or Power Law?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The direct current (DC) electric field near the reconnection region has been proposed as an effective mechanism to accelerate protons and electrons in solar flares. A power-law energy spectrum was generally claimed in the simulations of electron acceleration by the reconnection electric field. However in most of the literature, the electric and magnetic fields were chosen independently. In this paper, we perform test-particle simulations of electron acceleration in a reconnecting magnetic field, where both the electric and magnetic fields are adopted from numerical simulations of the MHD equations. It is found that the accelerated electrons present a truncated power-law energy spectrum with an exponential tail at high energies, which is analogous to the case of diffusive shock acceleration. The influences of reconnection parameters on the spectral feature are also investigated, such as the longitudinal and transverse components of the magnetic field and the size of the current sheet. It is suggested that the DC electric field alone might not be able to reproduce the observed single or double power-law distributions.

W. J. Liu; P. F. Chen; M. D. Ding; C. Fang

2008-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

185

LANL | Physics | High Energy Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

high energy physics frontiers as defined by the Department of Energy's Office of High Energy Physics. Exploring the intensity frontier On the trail of one of the greatest...

186

Energy Spectra of Cosmic Rays Accelerated at Ultrarelativistic Shock Waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy spectra of particles accelerated by the first-order Fermi mechanism are investigated at ultrarelativistic shock waves, outside the range of Lorentz factors considered previously. For particle transport near the shock a numerical method involving small amplitude pitch-angle scattering is applied for flows with Lorentz factors ? from 3 to 243. For large ? shocks a convergence of derived energy spectral indices up to the value ???2.2 is observed for all considered turbulence amplitudes and magnetic field configurations. Recently the same index was derived for ?-ray bursts by Waxman [Astrophys. J. Lett. 485, L5 (1997)].

J. Bednarz and M. Ostrowski

1998-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

187

Future high energy colliders symposium. Summary report  

SciTech Connect

A `Future High Energy Colliders` Symposium was held October 21-25, 1996 at the Institute for Theoretical Physics (ITP) in Santa Barbara. This was one of the 3 symposia hosted by the ITP and supported by its sponsor, the National Science Foundation, as part of a 5 month program on `New Ideas for Particle Accelerators`. The long term program and symposia were organized and coordinated by Dr. Zohreh Parsa of Brookhaven National Laboratory/ITP. The purpose of the symposium was to discuss the future direction of high energy physics by bringing together leaders from the theoretical, experimental and accelerator physics communities. Their talks provided personal perspectives on the physics objectives and the technology demands of future high energy colliders. Collectively, they formed a vision for where the field should be heading and how it might best reach its objectives.

Parsa, Z. [Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States). Institute for Theoretical Physics]|[Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, CA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

188

E-Print Network 3.0 - acceleration dark energy Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

dark energy Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: acceleration dark energy Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 The big picture Victoria...

189

Advanced Klystrons for High Efficiency Accelerator Systems - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

This program explored tailoring of RF pulses used to drive accelerator cavities. Simulations indicated that properly shaping the pulse risetime to match accelerator cavity characteristics reduced reflected power and increased total efficiency. Tailoring the pulse requires a high power, gridded, klystron to shape the risetime while also controlling the beam current. The Phase I program generated a preliminary design of a gridded electron gun for a klystron producing 5-10 MW of RF power. This required design of a segmented cathode using Controlled Porosity Reservoir cathodes to limit power deposition on the grid. The program was successful in computationally designing a gun producing a high quality electron beam with grid control. Additional analysis of pulse tailoring indicated that technique would only be useful for cavity drive pulses that were less than approximately 2-3 times the risetime. Otherwise, the efficiency gained during the risetime of the pulse became insignificant when considering the efficiency over the entire pulse. Consequently, it was determined that a Phase II program would not provide sufficient return to justify the cost. Never the less, other applications for a high power gridded gun are currently being pursued. This klystron, for example, would facilitate development inverse Comptom x-ray sources by providing a high repetition rate (10 -100 kHz) RF source.

Read, Michael; Ives, Robert Lawrence

2014-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

190

ACCELERATION OF LOW-ENERGY IONS AT PARALLEL SHOCKS WITH A FOCUSED TRANSPORT MODEL  

SciTech Connect

We present a test particle simulation on the injection and acceleration of low-energy suprathermal particles by parallel shocks with a focused transport model. The focused transport equation contains all necessary physics of shock acceleration, but avoids the limitation of diffusive shock acceleration (DSA) that requires a small pitch angle anisotropy. This simulation verifies that the particles with speeds of a fraction of to a few times the shock speed can indeed be directly injected and accelerated into the DSA regime by parallel shocks. At higher energies starting from a few times the shock speed, the energy spectrum of accelerated particles is a power law with the same spectral index as the solution of standard DSA theory, although the particles are highly anisotropic in the upstream region. The intensity, however, is different from that predicted by DSA theory, indicating a different level of injection efficiency. It is found that the shock strength, the injection speed, and the intensity of an electric cross-shock potential (CSP) jump can affect the injection efficiency of the low-energy particles. A stronger shock has a higher injection efficiency. In addition, if the speed of injected particles is above a few times the shock speed, the produced power-law spectrum is consistent with the prediction of standard DSA theory in both its intensity and spectrum index with an injection efficiency of 1. CSP can increase the injection efficiency through direct particle reflection back upstream, but it has little effect on the energetic particle acceleration once the speed of injected particles is beyond a few times the shock speed. This test particle simulation proves that the focused transport theory is an extension of DSA theory with the capability of predicting the efficiency of particle injection.

Zuo, Pingbing; Zhang, Ming; Rassoul, Hamid K. [Department of Physics and Space Sciences, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL 32901 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Space Sciences, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL 32901 (United States)

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

191

High Energy Neutrino Telescopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a review of the history, motivation and current status of high energy neutrino telescopes. Many years after these detectors were first conceived, the operation of kilometer-cubed scale detectors is finally on the horizon at both the South Pole and in the Mediterranean Sea. These new detectors will perhaps provide us the first view of high energy astrophysical objects with a new messenger particle and provide us with our first real glimpse of the distant universe at energies above those accessible by gamma-ray instruments. Some of the topics that can be addressed by these new instruments include the origin of cosmic rays, the nature of dark matter, and the mechanisms at work in high energy astrophysical objects such as gamma-ray bursts, active galactic nuclei, pulsar wind nebula and supernova remnants.

Hoffman, K D

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

High Energy Neutrino Telescopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a review of the history, motivation and current status of high energy neutrino telescopes. Many years after these detectors were first conceived, the operation of kilometer-cubed scale detectors is finally on the horizon at both the South Pole and in the Mediterranean Sea. These new detectors will perhaps provide us the first view of high energy astrophysical objects with a new messenger particle and provide us with our first real glimpse of the distant universe at energies above those accessible by gamma-ray instruments. Some of the topics that can be addressed by these new instruments include the origin of cosmic rays, the nature of dark matter, and the mechanisms at work in high energy astrophysical objects such as gamma-ray bursts, active galactic nuclei, pulsar wind nebula and supernova remnants.

K. D. Hoffman

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

193

High vacuum sputter deposition of nuclear accelerator targets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Isotopically enriched accelerator targets were prepared with high reliability by Xe-beam induced sputter deposition in a cryopumped vacuum chamber. Due to the low residual gas pressure of 5 × 10?6 Pa in the system a number of self-supporting elemental targets, including problematic cases like B, Si, Cr, Zr, Os and W, could be made. These foils exhibit excellent mechanical stability. Target films in oxide form were generally deposited on thin carbon backings. The stoichiometry of an oxide film can be controlled via the O2 partial pressure during its condensation.

H.J. Maier

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

The Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) Mission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) Mission R. P. fla B. Dennis, G mission is to investigate the physics of particle acceleration and energy release in solar flares, through-ray/gamma-ray spectroscopy 1. INTRODUCTION The primary scientific objective of the Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar

California at Berkeley, University of

195

High energy density physics generated by intense heavy ion beams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Intense ion beams from accelerators are now available to generate high energy density matter and to study astrophysical phenomena in the laboratory under controlled and reproducible conditions. A detailed unde...

D. H. H. Hoffmann; V. E. Fortov; M. Kuster; V. Mintsev…

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

A versatile, high-power proton linac for accelerator driven transmutation technologies  

SciTech Connect

We are applying the new coupled-cavity drift-tube linac (CCDTL) to a conceptual design of a high-current, CW accelerator for transmutation applications. A 350-MHz RFQ followed by 700--MHz structures accelerates a 100-mA proton beam to I GeV. Several advantages stem from four key features: (1) a uniform focusing lattice from the start of the CCDTL at about 7 MeV to the end of the linac, (2) external location and separate mechanical support of the electromagnetic quadrupole magnets, (3) very flexible modular physics design and mechanical implementation, and (4) compact, high-frequency structures. These features help to reduce beam loss and, hence, also reduce potential radioactivation of the structure. They result in easy alignment, fast serviceability, and high beam availability. Beam funneling, if necessary, is possible at any energy after the RFQ.

Billen, J.H.; Nath, S.; Stovall, J.E.; Takeda, H.; Wood, R.L.; Young, L.M.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

SIMS analysis of high-performance accelerator niobium  

SciTech Connect

Niobium is used to fabricate superconducting radio frequency accelerator modules because of its high critical temperature, high critical magnetic field, and easy formability. Recent experiments have shown a very significant improvement in performance (over 100%) after a high-temperature bake at 1400 degrees C for 3h. SIMS analysis of this material showed the oxygen profile was significantly deeper than the native oxide with a shape that is indicative of diffusion. Positive secondary ion mass spectra showed the presence of Ti with a depth profile similar to that of O. It is suspected that Ti is associated with the performance improvement. The source of Ti contamination in the anneal furnace has been identified, and a new furnace was constructed without Ti. Initial results from the new furnace do not show the yield improvement. Further analyses should determine the relationship of Ti to cavity performance.

Maheshwari, P. [NCSU; Stevie, F. A. [NCSU; Myneni, Ganapati Rao [JLAB; Rigsbee, J, M. [NCSU; Dhakal, Pashupati [JLAB; Ciovati, Gianluigi [JLAB; Griffis, D. P. [NCSU

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Nonlinear laser energy depletion in laser-plasma accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lee- mans, in Advanced Accelerator Concepts, Eleventh Work-in laser-plasma accelerators ? B. A. Shadwick, 1, ‡ C. B.ac- celerators. Laser-plasma accelerators, for example, have

Shadwick, B.A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

In conventional accelerators, energy from RF electro-magnetic waves in vacuum is transformed into kinetic energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In conventional accelerators, energy from RF electro- magnetic waves in vacuum is transformed for accelerating and storing countercirculating beams of 7-TeV protons, has a stored beam energy exceeding 300 MJ. Accelerator-based light sources rely on the fact that when beams of GeV electrons interact with magnetic

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

200

Acceleration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Acceleration Acceleration of porous media simulations on the Cray XE6 platform Kirsten M. Fagnan, Michael Lijewski, George Pau, Nicholas J. Wright Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road Berkeley, CA 94720 May 18, 2011 1 Introduction In this paper we investigate the performance of the Porous Media with Adaptive Mesh Refinment (PMAMR) code which was developed in the Center for Computational Science and Engineering at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. This code is being used to model carbon sequestration and contaminant transport as part of the Advanced Simulation Capability for Environmental Management (ASCEM) project. The goal of the ASCEM project is to better understand and quantify flow and contaminant transport behavior in complex geological systems. It will also address the long-term performance of engineered components including cementitious materials in

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Accelerated weight histogram method for exploring free energy landscapes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Calculating free energies is an important and notoriously difficult task for molecular simulations. The rapid increase in computational power has made it possible to probe increasingly complex systems yet extracting accurate free energies from these simulations remains a major challenge. Fully exploring the free energy landscape of say a biological macromolecule typically requires sampling large conformational changes and slow transitions. Often the only feasible way to study such a system is to simulate it using an enhanced sampling method. The accelerated weight histogram (AWH) method is a new efficient extended ensemble sampling technique which adaptively biases the simulation to promote exploration of the free energy landscape. The AWH method uses a probability weight histogram which allows for efficient free energy updates and results in an easy discretization procedure. A major advantage of the method is its general formulation making it a powerful platform for developing further extensions and analyzing its relation to already existing methods. Here we demonstrate its efficiency and general applicability by calculating the potential of mean force along a reaction coordinate for both a single dimension and multiple dimensions. We make use of a non-uniform free energy dependent target distribution in reaction coordinate space so that computational efforts are not wasted on physically irrelevant regions. We present numerical results for molecular dynamics simulations of lithium acetate in solution and chignolin a 10-residue long peptide that folds into a ?-hairpin. We further present practical guidelines for setting up and running an AWH simulation.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

A review of high beam current RFQ accelerators and funnels  

SciTech Connect

The authors review the design features of several high-current (> 20-mA) and high-power (> 1-mA average) proton or H{sup {minus}} injectors, RFQs, and funnels. They include a summary of observed performance and will mention a sampling of new designs, including the proposed incorporation of beam choppers. Different programs and organizations have chosen to build the RFQ in diverse configurations. Although the majority of RFQs are either low-current or very low duty-factor, several versions have included high-current and/or high-power designs for either protons or H{sup {minus}} ions. The challenges of cooling, handling high space-charge forces, and coupling with injectors and subsequent accelerators are significant. In all instances, beam tests were a valuable learning experience, because not always did these as-built structures perform exactly as predicted by the earlier design codes. They summarize the key operational parameters, indicate what was achieved, and highlight what was learned in these tests. Based on this generally good performance and high promise, even more challenging designs are being considered for new applications that include even higher powers, beam funnels and choppers.

Schneider, J.D.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Secretary of Energy Advisory Board SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory Menlo Park, CA April 11, 2011 Agenda Open Plenary Meeting Session 8:00 AM - 8:15 AM Welcome and Overview Dr. William Perry 8:15 AM - 8:45 AM Key Issues for DOE Secretary Steven Chu 9:00 AM - 9:45 AM SLAC Overview Persis Drell 9:45 AM - 10:15 AM Breakthrough in Protein Structure Determination Enabled by LCLS Henry Chapman 10:15 AM - 11:00 AM Lab Overview - Progress and Path Forward George Miller 11:00 AM - 11:45 AM Stockpile Stewardship Overview Bruce Goodwin 11:45 AM - 12:30 PM Energy of the Future - National Ignition Facility (NIF) and Laser Inertial Fusion Energy (LIFE) Ed Moses 12:30 PM - 1:45 PM Lunch Break 2:00 PM - 2:30 PM Subcommittee Reports 2:30 PM - 3:30 PM Discussion of DOD-DOE MOU

204

Position-dependent energy-level shifts of an accelerated atom in the presence of a boundary  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider a uniformly accelerated atom interacting with a vacuum electromagnetic field in the presence of an infinite conducting plane boundary and calculate separately the contributions of vacuum fluctuations and radiation reaction to the atomic energy-level shift. We analyze in detail the behavior of the total energy shift in three different regimes of the distance in both the low-acceleration and high-acceleration limits. Our results show that, in general, an accelerated atom does not behave as if immersed in a thermal bath at the Unruh temperature in terms of the atomic energy-level shifts, and the effect of the acceleration on the atomic energy-level shifts may in principle become appreciable in certain circumstances, although it may not be realistic for actual experimental measurements. We also examine the effects of the acceleration on the level shifts when the acceleration is of the order of the transition frequency of the atom and we find some features which differ from what was obtained in the existing literature.

Zhiying Zhu and Hongwei Yu

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

205

High-powered pulsed-ion-beam acceleration and transport  

SciTech Connect

The state of research on intense ion beam acceleration and transport is reviewed. The limitations imposed on ion beam transport by space charge effects and methods available for neutralization are summarized. The general problem of ion beam neutralization in regions free of applied electric fields is treated. The physics of acceleration gaps is described. Finally, experiments on multi-stage ion acceleration are summarized.

Humphries, S. Jr.; Lockner, T.R.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

EA-1147: Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator Tech Area 53, Los Alamos, New  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator Tech Area 53, Los 7: Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator Tech Area 53, Los Alamos, New Mexico EA-1147: Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator Tech Area 53, Los Alamos, New Mexico SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts that would be expected to occur if the Department of Energy were to design, build, and test critical prototypical components of the accelerator system for tritium production, specifically the front-end low-energy section of the accelerator, at the U.S. Department of Energy Los Alamos National Laboratory in Los Alamos, New Mexico. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD April 1, 1996 EA-1147: Finding of No Significant Impact Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator Tech Area 53 April 1, 1996 EA-1147: Final Environmental Assessment

207

Accelerating the Reduction of Excess Russian Highly Enriched Uranium  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the latest information on one of the Accelerated Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) Disposition initiatives that resulted from the May 2002 Summit meeting between Presidents George W. Bush and Vladimir V. Putin. These initiatives are meant to strengthen nuclear nonproliferation objectives by accelerating the disposition of nuclear weapons-useable materials. The HEU Transparency Implementation Program (TIP), within the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) is working to implement one of the selected initiatives that would purchase excess Russian HEU (93% 235U) for use as fuel in U.S. research reactors over the next ten years. This will parallel efforts to convert the reactors' fuel core from HEU to low enriched uranium (LEU) material, where feasible. The paper will examine important aspects associated with the U.S. research reactor HEU purchase. In particular: (1) the establishment of specifications for the Russian HEU, and (2) transportation safeguard considerations for moving the HEU from the Mayak Production Facility in Ozersk, Russia, to the Y-12 National Security Complex in Oak Ridge, TN.

Benton, J; Wall, D; Parker, E; Rutkowski, E

2004-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

208

Energy enhancement of proton acceleration in combinational radiation pressure and bubble by optimizing plasma density  

SciTech Connect

The combinational laser radiation pressure and plasma bubble fields to accelerate protons are researched through theoretical analysis and numerical simulations. The dephasing length of the accelerated protons bunch in the front of the bubble and the density gradient effect of background plasma on the accelerating phase are analyzed in detail theoretically. The radiation damping effect on the accelerated protons energy is also considered. And it is demonstrated by two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations that the protons bunch energy can be increased by using the background plasma with negative density gradient. However, radiation damping makes the maximal energy of the accelerated protons a little reduction.

Bake, Muhammad Ali; Xie Baisong [Key Laboratory of Beam Technology and Materials Modification of the Ministry of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Shan Zhang [Department of Mathematics and Physics, Shijiazhuang Tiedao University, Shijiazhuang 050043 (China); Hong Xueren [College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); College of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070 (China); Wang Hongyu [Department of Physics, Anshan Normal University, Anshan 114005 (China); Shanghai Bright-Tech Information Technology Co. Ltd, Shanghai 200136 (China)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

209

High intensity proton accelerator project in Japan (J-PARC)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......elements such as Li in lithium battery can be seen with higher contrast...magnetic memories, long-life batteries, medicines and so on. Figure...reprocessing of 1 kg of nuclear fuel for nuclear power plants...system will be assembled by MA fuels and a high energy and high......

Shun-ichi Tanaka

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

210

An overview of the Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator (LEDA) project RF (radio frequency) systems  

SciTech Connect

Successful operation of the Accelerator Production of Tritium (APT) plant will require that accelerator downtime be kept to an absolute minimum. Over 230 separate 1 MW RF systems are expected to be used in the APT plant, making the efficiency and reliability of these systems two of the most critical factors in plant operation. The Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator (LEDA) being constructed at Los Alamos National Laboratory will serve as the prototype for APT. The design of the RF systems used in LEDA has been driven by the need for high efficiency and extremely high system reliability. The authors present details of the high voltage power supply and transmitter systems as well as detailed descriptions of the waveguide layout between the klystrons and the accelerating cavities. The first stage of LEDA operations will use four 1.2 MW klystrons to test the RFQ and supply power to one test stand. The RFQ will serve as a power combiner for multiple RF systems. They present some of the unique challenges expected in the use of this concept.

Bradley, J. III; Cummings, K.; Lynch, M.; Rees, D.; Roybal, W.; Tallerico, P. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Toole, L. [Savannah River Site, SC (United States)

1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

211

Modified Magnicon for High-Gradient Accelerator R&D  

SciTech Connect

Analysis, and low-power cold tests are described on a modified design intended for the Ka-band pulsed magnicon now in use for high-gradient accelerator R and D and rare elementary particle searches at the Yale University Beam Physics Laboratory. The modification is mainly to the output cavity of the magnicon, which presently operates in the TM310 mode. It is proposed to substitute for this a dual-chamber TE311 cavity structure. The first chamber is to extract about 40% of the beam power (about 25 MW) at 34.272 GHz, while the second chamber is to convey the power to four WR-28 output waveguides. Minor design changes are also proposed for the penultimate 11.424 GHz cavity and the beam collector. The intention of these design changes is to allow the magnicon to operate reliably 24/7, with minor sensitivity to operating parameters.

Jay L. Hirshfield

2011-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

212

MeV-Energy X Rays from Inverse Compton Scattering with Laser-Wakefield Accelerated Electrons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the generation of MeV x rays using an undulator and accelerator that are both driven by the same 100-terawatt laser system. The laser pulse driving the accelerator and the scattering laser pulse are independently optimized to generate a high energy electron beam (>200??MeV) and maximize the output x-ray brightness. The total x-ray photon number was measured to be ?1×107, the source size was 5???m, and the beam divergence angle was ?10??mrad. The x-ray photon energy, peaked at 1 MeV (reaching up to 4 MeV), exceeds the thresholds of fundamental nuclear processes (e.g., pair production and photodisintegration).

S. Chen; N. D. Powers; I. Ghebregziabher; C. M. Maharjan; C. Liu; G. Golovin; S. Banerjee; J. Zhang; N. Cunningham; A. Moorti; S. Clarke; S. Pozzi; D. P. Umstadter

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

213

Theoretical High Energy Physics  

SciTech Connect

we provide reports from each of the six faculty supported by the Department of Energy High Energy Physics Theory grant at Columbia University. Each is followed by a bibliography of the references cited. A complete list of all of the publications in the 12/1/2010-04/30/2014 period resulting from research supported by this grant is provided in the following section. The final section lists the Ph.D. dissertations based on research supported by the grant that were submitted during this period.

Christ, Norman H.; Weinberg, Erick J.

2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

214

Manufacturers and Utilities to Accelerate Industry Uptake of Superior Energy Performance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

At a White House meeting of the Better Buildings Initiative on December 3rd, six manufacturers and three utilities officially joined the Department of Energy’s Better Buildings Industrial Superior Energy Performance (SEP) Accelerator Program.

215

Advanced accelerator simulation research: miniaturizing accelerators from kilometers to meters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced accelerator simulation research: miniaturizing accelerators from kilometers to meters W: Advanced accelerator research is aimed at finding new technologies that can dramatically reduce the size and cost of future high-energy accelerators. Supercomputing is already playing a dramatic and critical role

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

216

A NEW GENERATION OF EBIS: HIGH CURRENT DEVICES FOR ACCELERATORS AND COLLIDERS*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A NEW GENERATION OF EBIS: HIGH CURRENT DEVICES FOR ACCELERATORS AND COLLIDERS* E. Beebe, J. Alessi of magnitude compared to fixed target operation of existing accelerators.[1] RHIC, for example, requires 3.4x10 20 times higher than electron beams utilized in devices at accelerators at Dubna, Saclay

217

SOLVING BY PARALLEL COMPUTATION THE POISSON PROBLEM FOR HIGH INTENSITY BEAMS IN CIRCULAR ACCELERATORS.  

SciTech Connect

Simulation of high intensity accelerators leads to the solution of the Poisson Equation, to calculate space charge forces in the presence of acceleration chamber walls. We reduced the problem to ''two-and-a-half'' dimensions for long particle bunches, characteristic of large circular accelerators, and applied the results to the tracking code Orbit.

LUCCIO,A.U.; DIMPERIO,N.L.; SAMULYAK,R.; BEEB-WANG,J.

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

218

High Energy Density Ultracapacitors | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C. esp22smith.pdf More Documents & Publications High Energy Density Ultracapacitors High Energy...

219

Shielding of proton accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......capabilities of an accelerator control system...meant to undergo a nuclear interaction within...the axis of the vacuum chamber. The beam...of high-energy accelerators. Nucl. Instrum...Series, Group I: Nuclear and Particle Physics-Schopper...100-250 MeV proton accelerators: double differential......

Stefano Agosteo; Matteo Magistris; Marco Silari

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

High Energy Density Ultracapacitors | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation es038smith2011p.pdf More Documents & Publications High Energy Density Ultracapacitors High...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

On The Origin of Very High Energy Cosmic Rays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the most recent developments in our understanding of the acceleration and propagation of cosmic rays up to the highest energies. In particular we specialize our discussion to three issues: 1) developments in the theory of particle acceleration at shock waves; 2) the transition from galactic to extragalactic cosmic rays; 3) implications of up-to-date observations for the origin of ultra high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs).

Pasquale Blasi

2005-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

222

HighEnergy International  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jet Production at HERA Sascha Caron, I. Phys. Institut, RWTH Aachen High­Energy Physics r ) and dâ?? # e,i = # # n=1 # n s (µ r )C n (µ r ) # extract # s , pdfs? QCD Montpellier 2002, Sascha­jets above E T treshhold. DIS: find jets in ``Breit frame'': 2xP + q = 0 p r q g # maximal separation between

223

Utilization of accelerators for transmutation and energy production  

SciTech Connect

Given the increased concern over reliable, emission-free power, nuclear power has experienced a resurgence of interest. A sub-critical accelerator driven system (ADS) can drive systems that have either safety constraints (waste transmutation) or reduced fissile content (thorium reactor). The goals of ADS are some or all of the following: (1) to significantly reduce the generation or impacts due to the minor actinides on the packing density and long-term radiotoxicity in the repository design, (2) preserve/use the energy-rich component of used nuclear fuel, and (3) reduce proliferation risk. ADS systems have been actively studied in Europe and Asia over the past two decades and renewed interest is occurring in the U.S. This talk will cover some of the history, possible applicable fuel cycle scenarios, and general issues to be considered in implementing ADS systems.

Sheffield, Richard L [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

224

Impulsive Phase Flare Energy Transport by Large-Scale Alfvén Waves and the Electron Acceleration Problem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The impulsive phase of a solar flare marks the epoch of rapid conversion of energy stored in the preflare coronal magnetic field. Hard X-ray observations imply that a substantial fraction of flare energy released during the impulsive phase is converted to the kinetic energy of mildly relativistic electrons (10-100 keV). The liberation of the magnetic free energy can occur as the coronal magnetic field reconfigures and relaxes following reconnection. We investigate a scenario in which products of the reconfiguration—large-scale Alfvén wave pulses—transport the energy and the magnetic field changes rapidly through the corona to the lower atmosphere. This offers two possibilities for electron acceleration. First, in a coronal plasma with -->? me/mp, the waves propagate as inertial Alfvén waves. In the presence of strong spatial gradients, these generate field-aligned electric fields that can accelerate electrons to energies on the order of 10 keV and above, including by repeated interactions between electrons and wave fronts. Second, when they reflect and mode-convert in the chromosphere, a cascade to high wavenumbers may develop. This will also accelerate electrons by turbulence, in a medium with a locally high electron number density. This concept, which bridges MHD-based and particle-based views of a flare, provides an interpretation of the recently observed rapid variations of the line-of-sight component of the photospheric magnetic field across the flare impulsive phase, and offers solutions to some perplexing flare problems, such as the flare "number problem" of finding and resupplying sufficient electrons to explain the impulsive-phase hard X-ray emission.

L. Fletcher; H. S. Hudson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

High-energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 22. High-energy collider parameters HIGH-ENERGY COLLIDER PARAMETERS: e + e - Colliders (I) The numbers here were received from representatives of the colliders in late 1999 (contact C.G. Wohl, LBNL). Many of the numbers of course change with time, and only the latest values (or estimates) are given here; those in brackets are for coming upgrades. Quantities are, where appropriate, r.m.s. H and V indicate horizontal and vertical directions. Parameters for the defunct SPEAR, DORIS, PETRA, PEP, and TRISTAN colliders may be found in our 1996 edition (Phys. Rev. D54, 1 July 1996, Part I). VEPP-2M (Novosibirsk) VEPP-2000 ∗ (Novosibirsk) VEPP-4M (Novosibirsk) BEPC (China) DAΦNE (Frascati) Physics start date 1974 2001 1994 1989 1999 Maximum beam energy (GeV) 0.7 1.0 6 2.2 0.510 (0.75 max.) Luminosity (10 30 cm -2 s -1 ) 5 100 50 10 at 2 GeV 5 at 1.55 GeV 50(→500) Time between collisions (µs)

226

High brightness photocathode injector for BNL Accelerator Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

An analysis of the BNL photocathode (1-1/2 cell) Gun'' operating at 2856 MHZ, is presented. The beam parameters including beam energy, and emittance are calculated. A review of the Gun parameters and full input and output of our analysis with program PARMELA, is given in Section 2, some of our results, are tabulated. The phase plots and the beam parameters, at downstream ends of the elements, from cathode through the cavity, first cell is labeled as element 2; and second cell is labeled as element to the exit of the GUN. The analysis was made for 3 cases, using three different initial values (EO) for the average accelerating gradient (MV/m), for comparison with previous works. For illustration, the field obtained with program SUPERFISH is given, and conclusion including shunt impedances obtained for the cells and the cavity are given in Section 6. PARMELA is used as a standard design program at ATF. At the request of some of the users of program PARMELA, this request of some of the users of program PARMELA, this report include and illustrates some of our data, in the input and output format of the program PARMELA. 5 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

Parsa, Z.; Young, L.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Acceleration Factors for Damp-Heat and HAST with High Voltage...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

High PID Resistant Cross-Linked Encapsulnt Based on Polyolefin SOLAR ASCE Comparing Accelerated Testing and Outdoor Exposure Agenda for the PV Module Reliability Workshop,...

228

Lab Breakthrough: Fermilab Accelerator Technology | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fermilab Accelerator Technology Fermilab Accelerator Technology Lab Breakthrough: Fermilab Accelerator Technology May 14, 2012 - 10:51am Addthis At Fermilab, scientists are collaborating with other laboratories and industry to optimize the manufacturing processes for a new type of powerful accelerator that uses superconducting niobium cavities. Michael Hess Michael Hess Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Where are these 30,000 particle accelerators? Most of them in medicine and manufacturing fields. They treat cancer, cure inks on cereal boxes, sterilize medical supplies, create better shrink wrap, spot suspicious cargo, clean up dirty drinking water, and help design drugs. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory scientist Stuart Henderson took some time discuss the role of particle accelerators in basic science,

229

Fast?switching, high?temperature propellant source for multistage pneumatic acceleration of hydrogen fuel pellets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A fast arc?driven hydrogen gas source and its application as a module in a scheme for multiple downstream propellant supply to a light?gas gun is described. The potential of this scheme for high?speed acceleration of hydrogen fuel?pellets for fusion plasma fueling is considered. In experiments with a single module in which 200 J of electrical energy were dissipated with a power level approaching 5 MW within 30 ?s the velocity of a 23?mg plastic dummy pellet was increased from 1.7 to 2.4 km/s. Barrel pressure transients and arc characteristics are described.

S. A. Andersen; L. Baekmark

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

ADVANCED X-BAND TEST ACCELERATOR FOR HIGH BRIGHTNESS ELECTRON AND GAMMA RAY BEAMS  

SciTech Connect

In support of Compton scattering gamma-ray source efforts at LLNL, a multi-bunch test stand is being developed to investigate accelerator optimization for future upgrades. This test stand will enable work to explore the science and technology paths required to boost the current 10 Hz monoenergetic gamma-ray (MEGa-Ray) technology to an effective repetition rate exceeding 1 kHz, potentially increasing the average gamma-ray brightness by two orders of magnitude. Multiple bunches must be of exceedingly high quality to produce narrow-bandwidth gamma-rays. Modeling efforts will be presented, along with plans for a multi-bunch test stand at LLNL. The test stand will consist of a 5.5 cell X-band rf photoinjector, single accelerator section, and beam diagnostics. The photoinjector will be a high gradient standing wave structure, featuring a dual feed racetrack coupler. The accelerator will increase the electron energy so that the emittance can be measured using quadrupole scanning techniques. Multi-bunch diagnostics will be developed so that the beam quality can be measured and compared with theory. Design will be presented with modeling simulations, and layout plans.

Marsh, R A; Anderson, S G; Barty, C P; Chu, T S; Ebbers, C A; Gibson, D J; Hartemann, F V; Adolphsen, C; Jongewaard, E N; Raubenheimer, T; Tantawi, S G; Vlieks, A E; Wang, J W

2010-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

231

Advanced X-Band Test Accelerator for High Brightness Electron and Gamma Ray Beams  

SciTech Connect

In support of Compton scattering gamma-ray source efforts at LLNL, a multi-bunch test stand is being developed to investigate accelerator optimization for future upgrades. This test stand will enable work to explore the science and technology paths required to boost the current 10 Hz monoenergetic gamma-ray (MEGa-Ray) technology to an effective repetition rate exceeding 1 kHz, potentially increasing the average gamma-ray brightness by two orders of magnitude. Multiple bunches must be of exceedingly high quality to produce narrow-bandwidth gamma-rays. Modeling efforts will be presented, along with plans for a multi-bunch test stand at LLNL. The test stand will consist of a 5.5 cell X-band rf photoinjector, single accelerator section, and beam diagnostics. The photoinjector will be a high gradient standing wave structure, featuring a dual feed racetrack coupler. The accelerator will increase the electron energy so that the emittance can be measured using quadrupole scanning techniques. Multi-bunch diagnostics will be developed so that the beam quality can be measured and compared with theory. Design will be presented with modeling simulations, and layout plans.

Marsh, Roark; /LLNL, Livermore; Anderson, Scott; /LLNL, Livermore; Barty, Christopher; /LLNL, Livermore; Chu, Tak Sum; /LLNL, Livermore; Ebbers, Chris; /LLNL, Livermore; Gibson, David; /LLNL, Livermore; Hartemann, Fred; /LLNL, Livermore; Adolphsen, Chris; /SLAC; Jongewaard, Erik; /SLAC; Raubenheimer, Tor; /SLAC; Tantawi, Sami; /SLAC; Vlieks, Arnold; /SLAC; Wang, Juwen; /SLAC

2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

232

Energy Spectrum of Particles Accelerated in Relativistic Collisionless Shocks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We analytically study diffusive particle acceleration in relativistic, collisionless shocks. We find a simple relation between the spectral index s and the anisotropy of the momentum distribution along the shock front. Based on this relation, we obtain s=(3?u-2?u?d2+?d3)/(?u-?d) for isotropic diffusion, where ?u (?d) is the upstream (downstream) fluid velocity normalized to the speed of light. This result is in agreement with previous numerical determinations of s for all (?u,?d), and yields s=38/9 in the ultrarelativistic limit. The spectrum-anisotropy connection is useful for testing numerical studies and constraining anisotropic diffusion results. It suggests that the spectrum is highly sensitive to the form of the diffusion function for particles traveling along the shock front.

Uri Keshet and Eli Waxman

2005-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

233

EA-0969: Low Energy Accelerator Laboratory Technical Area 53 Los Alamos  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: Low Energy Accelerator Laboratory Technical Area 53 Los 9: Low Energy Accelerator Laboratory Technical Area 53 Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico EA-0969: Low Energy Accelerator Laboratory Technical Area 53 Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the U.S. Department of Energy's Los Alamos National Laboratory in Los Alamos, New Mexico to construct and operate a small research and development laboratory building at Technical Area 53. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD April 17, 1995 EA-0969: Finding of No Significant Impact Low Energy Accelerator Laboratory Technical Area 53 Los Alamos National Laboratory April 17, 1995 EA-0969: Final Environmental Assessment Low Energy Accelerator Laboratory Technical Area 53 Los Alamos National

234

Development of High-Gradient Dielectric Laser-Driven Particle Accelerator Structures  

SciTech Connect

The thrust of Stanford's program is to conduct research on high-gradient dielectric accelerator structures driven with high repetition-rate, tabletop infrared lasers. The close collaboration between Stanford and SLAC (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center) is critical to the success of this project, because it provides a unique environment where prototype dielectric accelerator structures can be rapidly fabricated and tested with a relativistic electron beam.

Byer, Robert L.

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

235

High Energy Density Ultracapacitors | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C. es038smith2010o.pdf More Documents & Publications High Energy Density Ultracapacitors High...

236

Superconducting travelling wave ring with high gradient accelerating section  

SciTech Connect

Use of a superconducting traveling wave accelerating (STWA) structure instead of a standing wave cavity has major advantages in increasing the accelerating gradient in the ILC. In contrast with standing wave cavity STWA requires feedback loop, which sends wave from the structure output to input, making a superconducting traveling wave ring (STWR). One or few input couplers need to excite STWR and compensate power dissipations due to beam loading. To control traveling wave regime in the structure two independent knobs can be used for tuning both resonant ring frequency and backward wave. We discuss two variants of the STWR with one and two feed couplers.

Avrakhov, P.; Solyak, N.; /Fermilab

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

E-beam dynamics calculations and comparison with measurements of a high duty accelerator at Boeing  

SciTech Connect

The electron dynamics in the photoinjector cavities and through the beamline for a high duty factor electron accelerator are computed. The particle in a cell code ARGUS, is first used in the low energy (< 2 MeV) region of the photoinjector, then the ARGUS-generated phase space at the photoinjector exit is used as input in the standard particle pusher code PARMELA, and the electron beam properties at the end of the beamline computed. Comparisons between the calculated and measured electron bea mradial profiles and emittances are presented for different values of the electron pulse charge. A discussion of the methodology used and on the accuracy of PARMELA in the low energy region of the photoinjector is given.

Parazzoli, C.G.; Dowell, D.H. [Boeing Defense & Space Group, Seattle, WA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

238

Passive tailoring of laser-accelerated ion beam cut-off energy by using double foil assembly  

SciTech Connect

A double foil assembly is shown to be effective in tailoring the maximum energy produced by a laser-accelerated proton beam. The measurements compare favorably with adiabatic expansion simulations, and particle-in-cell simulations. The arrangement proposed here offers for some applications a simple and passive way to utilize simultaneously highest irradiance lasers that have best laser-to-ion conversion efficiency while avoiding the production of undesired high-energy ions.

Chen, S. N., E-mail: sophia.chen@polytechnique.edu; Brambrink, E.; Mancic, A.; Romagnani, L.; Audebert, P.; Fuchs, J., E-mail: julien.fuchs@polytechnique.fr [Laboratoire pour l'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, UMR 7605 CNRS-CEA-École Polytechnique-Université Paris VI, Palaiseau (France); Robinson, A. P. L. [Central Laser Facility, STFC Rutherford-Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)] [Central Laser Facility, STFC Rutherford-Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Antici, P. [Laboratoire pour l'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, UMR 7605 CNRS-CEA-École Polytechnique-Université Paris VI, Palaiseau (France) [Laboratoire pour l'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, UMR 7605 CNRS-CEA-École Polytechnique-Université Paris VI, Palaiseau (France); Dipartimento SBAI, Università di Roma « La Sapienza », Via Scarpa 14-16, 00165 Roma (Italy); INRS-Énergie et Matériaux, 1650 bd. L. Boulet, Varennes, J3X1S2 Québec (Canada); D'Humières, E. [Physics Department, MS-220, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557 (United States) [Physics Department, MS-220, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557 (United States); Centre de Physique Théorique, CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau (France); University of Bordeaux—CNRS—CEA, CELIA, UMR5107, 33405 Talence (France); Gaillard, S. [Physics Department, MS-220, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557 (United States)] [Physics Department, MS-220, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557 (United States); Grismayer, T.; Mora, P. [Centre de Physique Théorique, CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau (France)] [Centre de Physique Théorique, CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau (France); Pépin, H. [INRS-Énergie et Matériaux, 1650 bd. L. Boulet, Varennes, J3X1S2 Québec (Canada)] [INRS-Énergie et Matériaux, 1650 bd. L. Boulet, Varennes, J3X1S2 Québec (Canada)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

239

Sustainable Transportation: Accelerating Widespread Adoption of Energy Efficient Vehicles & Fuels (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

While energy efficient transportation strategies have the potential to simultaneously slash oil consumption and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, a truly sustainable solution will require more than just putting drivers behind the wheels of new fuel-efficient cars. As the only national laboratory dedicated 100% to renewable energy and energy efficiency, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) accelerates widespread adoption of high-performance, low-emission, energy-efficient passenger and freight vehicles, as well as alternative fuels and related infrastructure. Researchers collaborate closely with industry, government, and research partners, using a whole-systems approach to design better batteries, drivetrains, and engines, as well as thermal management, energy storage, power electronic, climate control, alternative fuel, combustion, and emission systems. NREL's sustainable transportation research, development, and deployment (RD&D) efforts are not limited to vehicles, roads, and fueling stations. The lab also explores ways to save energy and reduce GHGs by integrating transportation technology advancements with renewable energy generation, power grids and building systems, urban planning and policy, and fleet operations.

Not Available

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Thermal Effects Induced by High Energy Protons in Target and Absorber Materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With proton energies and intensities of about 400 GeV/c...13 protons/pulse which are presently reached in high energy proton accelerators at FNAL and CERN, target and absorber materials which otherwise are radiat...

P. Sievers

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss briefly the phenomenon of the Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR) particles of energy approaching and exceeding 1011 GeV. The world experimental statistics contains a small number of events but their existence is a puzzle. Its solution may lead to exciting discoveries in high energy particle astrophysics as well as in particle physics and astronomy.

Todor Stanev

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL OF THE BEAM ENERGY FOR THE SPIRAL2 ACCELERATOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL OF THE BEAM ENERGY FOR THE SPIRAL2 ACCELERATOR W. Le Coz# , C, the system has to measure but also to control the beam energy. The control consists in ensuring that the beam energy is under a limit by taking account of the measurement uncertainty. The energy is measured

Boyer, Edmond

243

U.S. Department of Energy and India Partner to Advance Accelerator and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Department of Energy and India Partner to Advance Accelerator U.S. Department of Energy and India Partner to Advance Accelerator and Particle Detector Research and Development U.S. Department of Energy and India Partner to Advance Accelerator and Particle Detector Research and Development July 25, 2011 - 3:22pm Addthis WASHINGTON DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that it has signed an agreement with the Indian Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) to help advance scientific discovery in the field of accelerator and particle detector research. The agreement builds on a long-history of successful scientific collaborations between the U.S. and India and will leverage scientific, technical, and engineering expertise to facilitate basic science research and development (R&D) between the two Departments.

244

Laser-Plasma Acceleration of Electrons and Plasma Diagnostics at High Laser Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

would open the prospect of building x-ray free-electron lasers and linear colliders hundreds of timesLaser-Plasma Acceleration of Electrons and Plasma Diagnostics at High Laser Fields Mike Downer: Laser-plasma acceleration is now entering an era of petawatt lasers, tenuous plasmas and multi

Shvets, Gennady

245

Sending femtosecond pulses in circles: highly non-paraxial accelerating beams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sending femtosecond pulses in circles: highly non-paraxial accelerating beams F. Courvoisier,* A Month X, XXXX; posted Month X, XXXX (Doc. ID XXXXX); published Month X, XXXX We use caustic beam shaping on 100 fs pulses to experimentally generate non-paraxial accelerating beams along a 60 degree circular

Boyer, Edmond

246

THE USE OF LARGE APERTURE ACCELERATING TUBES AT HIGH POTENTIAL GRADIENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

observed in a mass analysis of the residual vacuum. Before removal of the accelerating tubes the mercury1507 THE USE OF LARGE APERTURE ACCELERATING TUBES AT HIGH POTENTIAL GRADIENTS J. H. BROADHURST John H. Williams Laboratory of Nuclear Physics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, U

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

247

OpenEI Accelerates the Clean Energy Economy: Presentation | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Accelerates the Clean Energy Economy: Presentation Accelerates the Clean Energy Economy: Presentation Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 11 February, 2010 - 09:15 imported OpenEI OpenEI can accelerate the clean energy economy, according to a presentation given in February at the EUEC Energy & Environment Conference in Phoenix. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Alison Wise highlighted OpenEI's Clean Energy Economy Gateway in her presentation, "The Clean Energy Landscape: Linking Cyberspace with Real World Impact." Wise described the synergies among clean energy policies, investments, information, and stakeholder communication-and how OpenEI's open framework can enhance cooperation and decision making. Audience feedback was positive. "One attendee told me she hadn't known what

248

High Energy Density Capacitors  

SciTech Connect

BEEST Project: Recapping is developing a capacitor that could rival the energy storage potential and price of today’s best EV batteries. When power is needed, the capacitor rapidly releases its stored energy, similar to lightning being discharged from a cloud. Capacitors are an ideal substitute for batteries if their energy storage capacity can be improved. Recapping is addressing storage capacity by experimenting with the material that separates the positive and negative electrodes of its capacitors. These separators could significantly improve the energy density of electrochemical devices.

None

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Radioactive waste management and decommissioning of accelerator facilities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......produced in nuclear power plants and in accelerators is that there...high-energy accelerator is of solid...of magnets, vacuum pipes and components...of particle accelerators are: iron...content. Several nuclear processes contribute......

Luisa Ulrici; Matteo Magistris

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

The DOE Science Accelerator | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

The DOE Science Accelerator The DOE Science Accelerator Research Diffusion Links DOE Science Accelerator Booklet Through innovation and research, OSTI is finding the fast lanes for knowledge diffusion to propel researchers toward scientific discovery. The DOE Science Accelerator will be the resource that allows scientists to search the whole of deep Web science directly from their desktops - something that is not currently possible (see the deep Web discussion in the DOE Science Accelerator booklet, p. 2 (655-KB PDF)). It is impractical for scientists to spend time finding and sifting through hundreds, if not thousands, of information sources in various disciplines. The DOE Science Accelerator would enable scientists to allocate their research energy as well as the nation's research resources on what's really

251

High-energy transients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...kinetic energy. GRB 101225 Christmas burst. GRB 101225 was quite...find an adequate fit to the light curve by positing a 5g asteroid...spectral energy distribution and light curve of the optical emission...observations, and fit the long-term light curve with a template of the...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AAI Homepage Lee Teng Scholarship Program USPAS Argonne Department of Education Fermilab Education Office For Students Many scientific advances are made using accelerators. The world of High Energy Particle Physics has driven this field and continues to depend largely on accelerators. Increasingly advances in materials science, chemistry, biology and environmental science are being made at accelerators using x-ray and neutrons to probe matter. Accelerators have a number of commercial applications including isotope production for use in medicine, cancer treatment, processing semiconductor chips, and so on. Presently there are around 15,000 accelerators worldwide. Approximately 97% of these are used for commercial applications. However several hundred are in use

253

Active manipulation of the spatial energy distribution of laser-accelerated proton beams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The spatial energy distributions of beams of protons accelerated by ultrahigh intensity (>1019W?cm2) picosecond laser pulse interactions with thin foil targets are investigated. Using separate, low intensity (<1013W?cm2) nanosecond laser pulses, focused onto the front surface of the target foil prior to the arrival of the high intensity pulse, it is demonstrated that the proton beam profile can be actively manipulated. In particular, results obtained with an annular intensity distribution at the focus of the low intensity beam are presented, showing smooth proton beams with a sharp circular boundary at all energies, which represents a significant improvement in the beam quality compared to irradiation with the picosecond beam alone.

D. C. Carroll; P. McKenna; O. Lundh; F. Lindau; C.-G. Wahlström; S. Bandyopadhyay; D. Pepler; D. Neely; S. Kar; P. T. Simpson; K. Markey; M. Zepf; C. Bellei; R. G. Evans; R. Redaelli; D. Batani; M. H. Xu; Y. T. Li

2007-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

254

U.S. Department of Energy Selects Venture Capital Firms to Accelerate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Venture Capital Firms to Venture Capital Firms to Accelerate Adoption of Advanced Energy Technologies U.S. Department of Energy Selects Venture Capital Firms to Accelerate Adoption of Advanced Energy Technologies February 27, 2008 - 11:43am Addthis SAN FRANCISCO, CA - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Alexander Karsner today announced the competitive selection of three venture capital firms to participate in DOE's newly established Entrepreneur in Residence (EIR) pilot program, which aims to accelerate deployment and commercialization of advanced clean energy technologies from three DOE National Laboratories into the global marketplace. The EIR pilot program furthers President Bush's comprehensive strategy to reduce our nation's dependence on foreign oil and

255

Report: U.S. Military Accelerates Deployment of Clean Energy Technologies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Deployment of clean energy technologies is accelerating across military installations operated by the U.S. Department of Defense, according to a report released by The Pew Charitable Trusts.

256

High-Energy Neutrino Astronomy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kilometer-scale neutrino detectors such as IceCube are discovery instruments covering nuclear and particle physics, cosmology and astronomy. Examples of their multidisciplinary missions include the search for the particle nature of dark matter and for additional small dimensions of space. In the end, their conceptual design is very much anchored to the observational fact that Nature accelerates protons and photons to energies in excess of 10^{20} and 10^{13} eV, respectively. The cosmic ray connection sets the scale of cosmic neutrino fluxes. In this context, we discuss the first results of the completed AMANDA detector and the reach of its extension, IceCube. Similar experiments are under construction in the Mediterranean. Neutrino astronomy is also expanding in new directions with efforts to detect air showers, acoustic and radio signals initiated by neutrinos with energies similar to those of the highest energy cosmic rays.

F. Halzen

2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

257

EV Technology Accelerates in Colorado | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EV Technology Accelerates in Colorado EV Technology Accelerates in Colorado EV Technology Accelerates in Colorado January 13, 2012 - 5:09pm Addthis Arun Majumdar speaks at Idaho National Lab (INL) during a visit to the site earlier this week. | Photo courtesy of INL. Arun Majumdar speaks at Idaho National Lab (INL) during a visit to the site earlier this week. | Photo courtesy of INL. April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? One of 48 advanced battery and electric drive projects across the country funded by Recovery Act. U.S. will have increased capacity to produce electric-drive vehicles batteries from virtually zero in 2008 up to 500,000 per year in 2015. While the North American International Auto Show began this week in

258

Recent Advances in Plasma Acceleration  

SciTech Connect

The costs and the time scales of colliders intended to reach the energy frontier are such that it is important to explore new methods of accelerating particles to high energies. Plasma-based accelerators are particularly attractive because they are capable of producing accelerating fields that are orders of magnitude larger than those used in conventional colliders. In these accelerators a drive beam, either laser or particle, produces a plasma wave (wakefield) that accelerates charged particles. The ultimate utility of plasma accelerators will depend on sustaining ultra-high accelerating fields over a substantial length to achieve a significant energy gain. More than 42 GeV energy gain was achieved in an 85 cm long plasma wakefield accelerator driven by a 42 GeV electron drive beam in the Final Focus Test Beam (FFTB) Facility at SLAC. Most of the beam electrons lose energy to the plasma wave, but some electrons in the back of the same beam pulse are accelerated with a field of {approx}52 GV/m. This effectively doubles their energy, producing the energy gain of the 3 km long SLAC accelerator in less than a meter for a small fraction of the electrons in the injected bunch. Prospects for a drive-witness bunch configuration and high-gradient positron acceleration experiments planned for the SABER facility will be discussed.

Hogan, Mark

2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

259

Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cost, size and availability of electron accelerators is dominated by the achievable accelerating gradient. Conventional high-brightness radio-frequency (RF) accelerating structures operate with 30-50 MeV/m gradients. Electron accelerators driven with optical or infrared sources have demonstrated accelerating gradients orders of magnitude above that achievable with conventional RF structures. However, laser-driven electron accelerators require intense sources and suffer from low bunch charge, sub-micron tolerances and sub-femtosecond timing requirements due to the short wavelength of operation. Here, we demonstrate the first linear acceleration of electrons with keV energy gain using optically-generated terahertz (THz) pulses. THz-driven accelerating structures enable high-gradient electron accelerators with simple accelerating structures, high repetition rates and significant charge per bunch. Increasing the operational frequency of accelerators into the THz band allows for greatly increased accelerating ...

Nanni, Emilio Alessandro; Ravi, Koustuban; Fallahi, Arya; Moriena, Gustavo; Miller, R J Dwayne; Kärtner, Franz X

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Target Material Irradiation Studies for High-Intensity Accelerator Beams , H. Ludewig1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the auspices of the US DOE 1. BACKGROUND With increasing demand for high-power accelerators in support) Material Handbook study and the Spallation Neutron Source studies in the US, Europe and Japan. While

McDonald, Kirk

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Improvements to laser wakefield accelerated electron beam stability, divergence, and energy spread using three-dimensional printed two-stage gas cell targets  

SciTech Connect

High intensity, short pulse lasers can be used to accelerate electrons to ultra-relativistic energies via laser wakefield acceleration (LWFA) [T. Tajima and J. M. Dawson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 267 (1979)]. Recently, it was shown that separating the injection and acceleration processes into two distinct stages could prove beneficial in obtaining stable, high energy electron beams [Gonsalves et al., Nat. Phys. 7, 862 (2011); Liu et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 035001 (2011); Pollock et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045001 (2011)]. Here, we use a stereolithography based 3D printer to produce two-stage gas targets for LWFA experiments on the HERCULES laser system at the University of Michigan. We demonstrate substantial improvements to the divergence, pointing stability, and energy spread of a laser wakefield accelerated electron beam compared with a single-stage gas cell or gas jet target.

Vargas, M.; Schumaker, W.; He, Z.-H.; Zhao, Z.; Behm, K.; Chvykov, V.; Hou, B.; Krushelnick, K.; Maksimchuk, A.; Yanovsky, V.; Thomas, A. G. R., E-mail: agrt@umich.edu [Center for Ultrafast Optical Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

262

Superstructure for high current applications in superconducting linear accelerators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superstructure for accelerating charged particles at relativistic speeds. The superstructure consists of two weakly coupled multi-cell subunits equipped with HOM couplers. A beam pipe connects the subunits and an HOM damper is included at the entrance and the exit of each of the subunits. A coupling device feeds rf power into the subunits. The subunits are constructed of niobium and maintained at cryogenic temperatures. The length of the beam pipe between the subunits is selected to provide synchronism between particles and rf fields in both subunits.

Sekutowicz, Jacek (Elbchaussee, DE); Kneisel, Peter (Williamsburg, VA)

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

263

Photo Credit: Peter GinterSLAC National Accelerator Laboratory Dark Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photo Credit: Peter GinterSLAC National Accelerator Laboratory #12;Dark Energy 70% Dark Matter 26://janus.astro.umd.edu/SolarSystems/ Planetary Motion Credit: The Astronomy Workshop A collection of interactive web-based programs and Advanced Camera for Surveys #12;Dark Energy 70% Dark Matter 26% Ordinary Matter 4% #12;Dark Energy 70% Dark

Osheroff, Douglas D.

264

Inertial Confinement Fusion, High Energy Density Plasmas and an Energy Source on Earth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Driver Laser h=5-10% Heavy ion Accelerator h=15-40% Z-pinch h~15% Ignition by stagnation of convergent good progress toward achieving fusion ignition and high gain for energy applications We are making good progress toward achievingWe are making good progress toward achieving fusion ignition and high gain

265

Reliability and availability of high power proton accelerators.  

SciTech Connect

It has become increasingly important to address the issues of operational reliability and availability of an accelerator complex early in its design and construction phases. In this context, reliability addresses the mean time between failures and the failure rate, and availability takes into account the failure rate as well as the length of time required to repair the failure. Methods to reduce failure rates include reduction of the number of components and over-design of certain key components. Reduction of the on-line repair time can be achieved by judiciously designed hardware, quick-service spare systems, and redundancy. In addition, provisions for easy inspection and maintainability are important for both reduction of the failure rate as well as reduction of the time to repair. The radiation safety exposure principle of ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable) is easier to comply with when easy inspection capability and easy maintainability are incorporated into the design. Discussions of past experience in improving accelerator availability, some recent developments, and potential R and D items are presented.

Cho, Y.

1998-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

266

Industrial Plant for Flue Gas Treatment with High Power Electron Accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fossil fuel combustion leads to acidic pollutants like SO2 NOx HCl emission. Different control technologies are proposed however the most popular method is combination of wet FGD (flue gas desulfurization) and SCR (selective catalytic reduction). First using lime or limestone slurry leads to SO2 capture and gypsum is a product. The second process where ammonia is used as reagent and nitrogen oxides are reduced over catalyst surface to gaseous nitrogen removes NOx. New advanced method using electron accelerators for simultaneous SO2 and NOx removal has been developed in Japan the USA Germany and Poland. Both pollutants are removed with high efficiency and byproduct can be applied as fertilizer. Two industrial plants have been already constructed. One in China and second in Poland third one is under construction in Japan. Information on the Polish plant is presented in the paper. Plant has been constructed at Power Station Pomorzany Szczecin (Dolna Odra Electropower Stations Group) and treats flue gases from two Benson boilers 60 MWe and 100 MWth each. Flow rate of the flue gas stream is equal to 270 000 Nm3/h. Four transformer accelerators 700 keV electron energy and 260 kW beam power each were applied. With its 1.05 MW total beam power installed it is a biggest radiation facility over the world nowadays. Description of the plant and results obtained has been presented in the paper.

Andrzej G. Chmielewski; Bogdan Tyminski; Zbigniew Zimek; Andrzej Pawelec; Janusz Licki

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

QED at High Energies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quantum electrodynamics has been tested many times with colliding e+e- beams in the last 10 years and found to be valid. With the advent of PETRA and PEP, the energy range for e+e- collisions is extended from s =...

R. Gastmans

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Ultra-high energy cosmic rays, cascade gamma-rays, and high-energy neutrinos from gamma-ray bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are sources of energetic, highly variable fluxes of gamma rays, which demonstrates that they are powerful particle accelerators. Besides relativistic electrons, GRBs should also accelerate high-energy hadrons, some of which could escape cooling to produce ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs). Acceleration of high-energy hadrons in GRB blast waves will be established if high-energy neutrinos produced through photopion interactions in the blast wave are detected from GRBs. Limitations on the energy in nonthermal hadrons and the number of expected neutrinos are imposed by the fluxes from pair-photon cascades initiated in the same processes that produce neutrinos. Only the most powerful bursts at fluence levels >~ 3e-4 erg/cm^2 offer a realistic prospect for detection of >> TeV neutrinos. Detection of high-energy neutrinos is likely if GRB blast waves have large baryon loads and Doppler factors <~ 200. Cascade gamma rays will accompany neutrino production and might already have been detected as anomalous emission components in the spectra of some GRBs. Prospects for detection of GRBs in the Milky Way are also considered.

Charles D. Dermer; Armen Atoyan

2006-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

269

Origin of the High Energy Cosmic Neutrino Background  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The diffuse background of very high energy extraterrestrial neutrinos recently discovered with IceCube is compatible with that expected from cosmic ray interactions in the Galactic interstellar medium plus that expected from hadronic interactions near the source and in the intergalactic medium of the cosmic rays which have been accelerated by the jets that produce gamma ray bursts.

Shlomo Dado and Arnon Dar

2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

270

Dynamical modeling of high energy heavy ion collisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......cell is located next to vacuum, e.g., (U 4...stages of high energy nuclear collisions. Here...We need to modify the nuclear density parameters so...Hadron Electron Ring Accelerator (HERA) global analysis...hadron production in nuclear collisions using rcBK......

Tetsufumi Hirano; Yasushi Nara

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Energy-efficient hardware acceleration through computing in the memory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy-efficiency has emerged as a major barrier to performance scalability for modern processors. We note that significant part of processor's energy requirement is contributed by processor-memory communication. To address the energy issue in processors, ...

Somnath Paul; Robert Karam; Swarup Bhunia; Ruchir Puri

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Origin of protons accelerated by an intense laser and the dependence of their energy on the plasma density  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the high-energy (1–4 MeV) proton production from a slab plasma irradiated by a ultrashort high-power laser. In our 2.5-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations, a p-polarized laser beam of 1.6×1019 W/cm2, 300 fs, ?L=1.053 ?m, illuminates a slab plasma normally; the slab plasma consists of a hydrogen plasma, and the target plasma thickness and the laser spot size are 2.5?L and 5?L, respectively. The simulation results show that an emitted proton energy depends on the slab plasma density, and three kinds of high-energy proton beams are generated at the target plasma surfaces: one kind of the proton beams is produced at the laser-illuminated target surface and accelerated to the same laser-incident side. The second is generated at the target surface opposite to the laser-illuminated target surface and is accelerated outward on the same side. The third is generated at the laser-illuminated target surface and accelerated to the opposite side while passing through the target plasma. The simulations also show a mechanism of proton accelerations. In an overdense plasma, laser energy goes to energies of hot electrons and magnetic fields in part; the electrons oscillate around the slab plasma so that a static electric field is generated and consequently protons are extracted. The magnetic field generated in the slab plasma exists longer and heats up the plasma electrons to sustain the static electric field even after the laser termination.

Takashi Nakamura and Shigeo Kawata

2003-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

273

A Compact and High Performance Muon Capture Channel for Muon Accelerators  

SciTech Connect

It is widely believed that a neutrino factory would deliver unparallel performance in studying neutrino mixing and would provide tremendous sensitivity to new physics in the neutrino sector. Here we will describe and simulate the front-end of the neutrino factory system, which plays critical role in determining the number of muons that can be accepted by the downstream accelerators. In this system, a proton bunch on a target creates secondaries that drift into a capture transport channel. A sequence of rf cavities forms the resulting muon beams into strings of bunches of differing energies, aligns the bunches to nearly equal central energies, and initiates ionization cooling. For this, the muon beams are transported through sections containing high-gradient cavities and strong focusing solenoids. In this paper we present results of optimization and variation studies toward obtaining the maximum number of muons for a neutrino factory by using a compact transport channel. It has been suggested computationally and experimentally that the maximum achievable gradient is enhanced by introducing an external magnetic field at right angles to the rf electric field since it suppresses field-emission processes. Here, we have discussed a possible scheme for extending the concept of magnetic insulation to capture, transport, and cool muons in a neutrino factory. We incorporated this idea into a new lattice design where the rf cavities are shaped so that their walls were tangential to the magnetic-field lines. We showed that, with magnetic insulation, the field-emitted electrons impact the cavity surface with energies four orders-of-magnitude less than in conventional pillbox cavities; consequently, damage from field-emission is suppressed significantly. While demanding in terms of power requirements, this neutrino factory lattice showed satisfactory performance in both cooling and collecting the accepted muons within the requirements for the IDSNF. Optimizations were also made to reduce heating on the absorber windows minimizing losses in the accepted muon fluxes. The next step for verifying these ideas should be an experimental demonstration of a single muon accelerator magnetically-insulated rf cavity. A successful demonstration will provide us with a new versatile tool for a future muon accelerator.

Stratakis, D.; Gallardo, J.; Palmer, R.B.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

274

Highly Accurate Solutions of the Blasius and Falkner-Skan Boundary Layer Equations via Convergence Acceleration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new highly accurate algorithm for the solution of the Falkner-Skan equation of boundary layer theory is presented. The algorithm, based on a Maclaurin series representation, finds its coefficients from recurrence. In addition, Wynn-epsilon convergence acceleration and continuous analytical continuation enable an accurate evaluation. The most accurate skin friction coefficients (shooting angle) to date are presented along with comparisons to past and present values found in the literature. The algorithm, coded in FORTRAN, uses neither enhanced precision arithmetic beyond quadruple precision nor computer algebra to achieve results in a timely fashion. Key Words: Falkner-Skan flow; Blasius flow; Wynn-epsilon acceleration; Romberg acceleration; Continuous analytical continuation

B. D. Ganapol

2010-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

275

High-energy Cosmic Rays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After a brief review of galactic cosmic rays in the GeV to TeV energy range, we describe some current problems of interest for particles of very high energy. Particularly interesting are two features of the spectrum, the `knee' above $10^{15}$ eV and the `ankle' above $10^{18}$ eV. An important question is whether the highest energy particles are of extra-galactic origin and, if so, at what energy the transition occurs. A theme common to all energy ranges is use of nuclear abundances as a tool for understanding the origin of the cosmic radiation.

Thomas K. Gaisser; Todor Stanev

2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

276

THE POSSIBILITY OF GENERATION OF HIGH-ENERGY ELECTRON BEAM AT THE SNS FACILITY  

SciTech Connect

The linac of the SNS accelerator facility can be used to produce an electron beam with 300-400 MeV energy and relatively high current. At present, a few predesigned experiments with electron beam can be alternatively carried out at the SNS. However, the SNS linac is designed and optimized for acceleration of the H- beam, which creates problems when direct acceleration of electrons is considered. An alternative machine setup for electron acceleration and transport is discussed. Here, we present a study of the optimal electron beam parameters that can be achieved without any significant hardware changes in the SNS accelerator.

Gorlov, Timofey V [ORNL] [ORNL; Aleksandrov, Alexander V [ORNL] [ORNL; Danilov, Viatcheslav V [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Research in High Energy Physics  

SciTech Connect

This final report details the work done from January 2010 until April 2013 in the area of experimental and theoretical high energy particle physics and cosmology at the University of California, Davis.

Conway, John S.

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

278

Accelerating Predictive Simulation of IC Engines with High Performance...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IC engines with high performance computing (ACE017) This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information K. Dean Edwards, C....

279

Toward a national plan for the accelerated commercialization of solar energy: guidelines for regional planning  

SciTech Connect

This document provides data and guidelines for the development of regional programs for the accelerated commercialization of solar energy. It estimates the solar potential for individual regions based on the solar resources, competing costs of energy, and specific regional characteristics. It also points out the primary decision makers, technology distributors, and potential barriers that should be addressed by a commercialization program.

Miller, G.; Bennington, G.; Bohannon, M.; Gerstein, R.; Kannan, N.; Page, A.; Rebibo, K.; Shulman, M.; Swepak, P.; Taul, J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

ACCELERATED COMMUNICATION Low free energy cost of very long loop insertions in proteins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ACCELERATED COMMUNICATION Low free energy cost of very long loop insertions in proteins MICHELLE are expected to have destabilizing effects because of the entropic cost associated with loop closure unless insertions of 60�80 amino acids have minimal effects on SH2 domain stability suggests that the free energy

Baker, David

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

E-Print Network 3.0 - acceleration linear collider Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PARTICLES Electrons can be produced by Summary: is invariant Many current particle accelerators are used to collide high energy particle beams. The majority... of accelerators are...

282

High energy physics  

SciTech Connect

Hadron collider studies will focus on: (i) the search for the top quark with the newly installed D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider, (ii) the upgrade of the D0 detector to match the new main injector luminosity and (iii) R&D on silicon microstrip tracking devices for the SSC. High statistics studies of Z{sup 0} decay will continue with the OPAL detector at LEP. These studies will include a direct measurement of Z decay to neutrinos, the search for Higgs and heavy quark decays of Z. Preparations for the Large Scintillation Neutrino Detector (LSND) to measure neutrino oscillations at LAMPF will focus on data acquisition and testing of photomultiplier tubes. In the theoretical area E. Ma will concentrate on mass-generating radiative mechanisms for light quarks and leptons in renormalizable gauge field theories. J. Wudka`s program includes a detailed investigation of the magnetic-flip approach to the solar neutrino.

Kernan, A.; Shen, B.C.; Ma, E.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

High Country Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

High Country Energy High Country Energy Place Kasson, Minnesota Zip MN 55944 Sector Wind energy Product Developing a planned 300MW wind project in Dodge and Olmsted countries, Minnesota. Coordinates 44.02676°, -92.748254° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.02676,"lon":-92.748254,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

284

Novel technique of suppressing TBBU in high-energy ERLs  

SciTech Connect

Energy recovery linacs (ERLs) are an emerging generation of accelerators that promise to revolutionize the fields of high-energy physics and photon sciences. These accelerators combine the advantages of linear accelerators with that of storage rings, and augur the delivery of electron beams of unprecedented power and quality. However, one potential weakness of these devices is transverse beam break-up instability that could severely limit the available beam current. In this paper, I propose a novel method of suppressing these dangerous effects using the chromaticity of the transverse motion. In this short paper I am able only to touch the surface of the method and a complete description of the method with all relevant derivations can be found in [1].

Litvinenko V.

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

285

PAMELA's Measurements of Magnetospheric Effects on High Energy Solar Particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The nature of particle acceleration at the Sun, whether through flare reconnection processes or through shocks driven by coronal mass ejections (CMEs), is still under scrutiny despite decades of research. The measured properties of solar energetic particles (SEPs) have long been modeled in different particle-acceleration scenarios. The challenge has been to disentangle to the effects of transport from those of acceleration. The Payload for Antimatter Matter Exploration and Light-nuclei Astrophysics (PAMELA) instrument, enables unique observations of SEPs including composition and the angular distribution of the particles about the magnetic field, i.e. pitch angle distribution, over a broad energy range (>80 MeV) -- bridging a critical gap between space-based measurements and ground-based. We present high-energy SEP data from PAMELA acquired during the 2012 May 17 SEP event. These data exhibit differential anisotropies and thus transport features over the instrument rigidity range. SEP protons exhibit two dist...

Adriani, O; Bazilevskaya, G A; Bellotti, R; Boezio, M; Bogomolov, E A; Bongi, M; Bonvicini, V; Bottai, S; Bravar, U; Bruno, A; Cafagna, F; Campana, D; Carbone, R; Carlson, P; Casolino, M; Castellini, G; Christian, E C; De Donato, C; de Nolfo, G A; De Santis, C; De Simone, N; Di Felice, V; Formato, V; Galper, A M; Karelin, A V; Koldashov, S V; Koldobskiy, S; Krutkov, S Y; Kvashnin, A N; Lee, M; Leonov, A; Malakhov, V; Marcelli, L; Martucci, M; Mayorov, A G; Menn, W; Mergé, M; Mikhailov, V V; Mocchiutti, E; Monaco, A; Mori, N; Munini, R; Osteria, G; Palma, F; Panico, B; Papini, P; Pearce, M; Picozza, P; Ricci, M; Ricciarini, S B; Ryan, J M; Sarkar, R; Scotti, V; Simon, M; Sparvoli, R; Spillantini, P; Stochaj, S; Stozhkov, Y I; Thakur, N; Vacchi, A; Vannuccini, E; Vasilyev, G I; Voronov, S A; Yurkin, Y T; Zampa, G; Zampa, N

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Accelerator and new accelerating schemes B. Heusch (1) and G. Matthieussent (2)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1420 Accelerator and new accelerating schemes B. Heusch (1) and G. Matthieussent (2) (1) Centre de and high energy physics, astrophysics and plasma physics had the opportunity to discuss accelerators under con- struction as well as the novel acceleration techniques which have appeared during the past few

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

287

Accelerating Predictive Simulation of IC Engines with High Performance...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IC engines with high performance computing (ACE017) K. Dean Edwards (PI), C. Stuart Daw, Wael R. Elwasif, Charles E. A. Finney, Sreekanth Pannala, Miroslav K. Stoyanov, Robert M....

288

High Power Operation of the JLab IR FEL Driver Accelerator  

SciTech Connect

Operation of the JLab IR Upgrade FEL at CW powers in excess of 10 kW requires sustained production of high electron beam powers by the driver ERL. This in turn demands attention to numerous issues and effects, including: cathode lifetime; control of beamline and RF system vacuum during high current operation; longitudinal space charge; longitudinal and transverse matching of irregular/large volume phase space distributions; halo management; management of remnant dispersive effects; resistive wall, wake-field, and RF heating of beam vacuum chambers; the beam break up instability; the impact of coherent synchrotron radiation (both on beam quality and the performance of laser optics); magnetic component stability and reproducibility; and RF stability and reproducibility. We discuss our experience with these issues and describe the modus vivendi that has evolved during prolonged high current, high power beam and laser operation.

Kevin Beard; Stephen Benson; George Biallas; James Boyce; Donald Bullard; James Coleman; David Douglas; H. Dylla; Richard Evans; Pavel Evtushenko; Christopher Gould; Albert Grippo; Joseph Gubeli; David Hardy; Carlos Hernandez-Garcia; J. Hovater; Kevin Jordan; John Klopf; Rui Li; Steven Moore; George Neil; Benard Poelker; Thomas Powers; Joseph Preble; Robert Rimmer; Daniel Sexton; Michelle D. Shinn; Christopher Tennant; Richard Walker; Gwyn Williams; Shukui Zhang

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Diffusive Particle Acceleration in Shocked, Viscous Accretion Disks: Green's Function Energy Distribution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The acceleration of relativistic particles in a viscous accretion disk containing a standing shock is investigated as a possible explanation for the energetic outflows observed around radio-loud black holes. The energy/space distribution of the accelerated particles is computed by solving a transport equation that includes the effects of first-order Fermi acceleration, bulk advection, spatial diffusion, and particle escape. The velocity profile of the accreting gas is described using a model for shocked viscous disks recently developed by the authors, and the corresponding Green's function distribution for the accelerated particles in the disk and the outflow is obtained using a classical method based on eigenfunction analysis. The accretion-driven, diffusive shock acceleration scenario explored here is conceptually similar to the standard model for the acceleration of cosmic rays at supernova-driven shocks. However, in the disk application, the distribution of the accelerated particles is much harder than would be expected for a plane-parallel shock with the same compression ratio. Hence the disk environment plays a key role in enhancing the efficiency of the shock acceleration process. The presence of the shock helps to stabilize the disk by reducing the Bernoulli parameter, while channeling the excess binding energy into the escaping relativistic particles. In applications to M87 and Sgr A*, we find that the kinetic power in the jet is , and the outflowing relativistic particles have a mean energy ~300 times larger than that of the thermal gas in the disk at the shock radius. Our results suggest that a standing shock may be an essential ingredient in accretion onto underfed black holes, helping to resolve the long-standing problem of the stability of advection-dominated accretion disks.

Peter A. Becker; Santabrata Das; Truong Le

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Solar radio bursts and acceleration of solar energy particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The correlation between the proton flux intensity I p with the energies E p ...> 1?100 MeV and radio burst pa...

Yu. T. Tsap; E. A. Isaeva

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Energy Department Accelerates the Deployment of Advanced Vehicle...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

in his State of the Union address. "The market for energy-efficient and electric vehicles is expanding dramatically, giving drivers and businesses more options to save money...

292

Energy Department Announces New Investment to Accelerate Next...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

waste materials and algae can directly replace gasoline and other fuels in our gas tanks and refineries. The Energy Department continues to take steps to speed the...

293

Report: U.S. Military Accelerates Deployment of Clean Energy...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

(GW), enabling the military to meet its goal for the deployment of 3 GW of renewable energy by 2025. Currently, solar photovoltaic and biomass installations are forecast to...

294

High Energy Emission from Magnetars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recently discovered soft gamma-ray emission from the anomalous X-ray pulsar 1E 1841-045 has a luminosity L_g ~ 10^{36} ergs/s. This luminosity exceeds the spindown power by three orders of magnitude and must be fed by an alternative source of energy such as an ultrastrong magnetic field. A gradual release of energy in the stellar magnetosphere is expected if it is twisted and a strong electric current is induced on the closed field lines. We examine two mechanisms of gamma-ray emission associated with the gradual dissipation of this current. (1) A thin surface layer of the star is heated by the downward beam of current-carrying charges, which excite Langmuir turbulence in the layer. As a result, it can reach a temperature kT ~ 100 keV and emit bremsstrahlung photons up to this characteristic energy. (2) The magnetosphere is also a source of soft gamma rays at a distance of ~100 km from the star, where the electron cyclotron energy is in the keV range. A large electric field develops in this region in response to the outward drag force felt by the current-carrying electrons from the flux of keV photons leaving the star. A seed positron injected in this region undergoes a runaway acceleration and upscatters keV photons above the threshold for pair creation. The created pairs emit a synchrotron spectrum consistent with the observed 20-100 keV emission. This spectrum is predicted to extend to higher energies and reach a peak at ~1 MeV.

C. Thompson; A. M. Beloborodov

2004-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

295

Use of Multipass Recirculation and Energy Recovery In CW SRF X-FEL Driver Accelerators  

SciTech Connect

We discuss the use of multipass recirculation and energy recovery in CW SRF drivers for short wavelength FELs. Benefits include cost management (through reduced system footprint, required RF and SRF hardware, and associated infrastructure - including high power beam dumps and cryogenic systems), ease in radiation control (low drive beam exhaust energy), ability to accelerate and deliver multiple beams of differing energy to multiple FELs, and opportunity for seamless integration of multistage bunch length compression into the longitudinal matching scenario. Issues include all those associated with ERLs compounded by the challenge of generating and preserving the CW electron drive beam brightness required by short wavelength FELs. We thus consider the impact of space charge, BBU and other environmental wakes and impedances, ISR and CSR, potential for microbunching, intra-beam and beam-residual gas scattering, ion effects, RF transients, and halo, as well as the effect of traditional design, fabrication, installation and operational errors (lattice aberrations, alignment, powering, field quality). Context for the discussion is provided by JLAMP, the proposed VUV/X-ray upgrade to the existing Jefferson Lab FEL.

Douglas, David; Akers, Walt; Benson, Stephen V.; Biallas, George; Blackburn, Keith; Boyce, James; Bullard, Donald; Coleman, James; Dickover, Cody; Ellingsworth, Forrest; Evtushenko, Pavel; Fisk, Sally; Gould, Christopher; Gubeli, Joseph; Hannon, Fay; Hardy, David; Hernandez-Garcia, Carlos; Jordan, Kevin; Klopf, John; Kortze, J.; Legg, Robert; Li, Rui; Marchlik, Matthew; Moore, Steven W.; Neil, George; Powers, Thomas; Sexton, Daniel; Shin, Ilkyoung; Shinn, Michelle D.; Tennant, Christopher; Terzic, Balsa; Walker, Richard; Williams, Gwyn P.; Wilson, G.; Zhang, Shukui

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

ENHANCEMENT OF HEAT REMOVAL USING CONCAVE LIQUID METAL TARGETS FOR HIGH-POWER ACCELERATORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

areas for the production of intense beams of secondary particles (IFMIF, SNS, RIA, LHC). The energy metal flow targets can be useful for future accelerator projects such as RIA, SNS, and ILC [1 dump areas for the production of intense beams of secondary particles. The severe constraints arising

Harilal, S. S.

297

Southern California Clean Energy Technology Acceleration Program Proposal Presentations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Electrical Energy Conversion and Waste Heat Recovery Through the Use of Polymers (UCSD) Rahul Kapadia 9:40 am Lunch 12:20 pm Microbial Fuel Cell for Small Scale Wastewater Treatment and Energy Generation (UCI) Keah Rosibel Ochoa 9:00 am Nanostructured Bulk Thermoelectric Materials and Modules for Economical Thermal

Wang, Deli

298

Fast Search Techniques for High Energy Pulsars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modified versions of two "standard" pulsar search techniques are presented that allow large-scale searches for pulsations in long duration high-energy data sets using relatively modest amounts of computer time. For small numbers of photons (N_phot <~ 10^4), optimized brute-force epoch folding searches are preferred. For larger numbers of photons, advanced Fourier domain acceleration searches are used. Using these techniques, my collaborators and I have searched Chandra observations of the CasA supernova remnant (SNR) point source and the isolated neutron star RX J1856.5-3754 for pulsations, and confirmed the 65.6 ms pulsar in the 3C 58 SNR during a blind search of archival RXTE data.

Scott M. Ransom

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Massless fields of arbitrary spin, uniformly accelerated frames, and the zero-point energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The autocorrelation functions of fields of arbitrary spin are defined and the formal equivalence between quantized fields and random classical fields is shown explicitly. The thermal effects of acceleration through massless fields with spin are investigated; the spectra of the corresponding zero-point fields appear in a uniformly accelerated frame with extra terms which have the forms of (massless) Fermi-Dirac or Planck functions. Some peculiar features of fields of high spin are briefly discussed.

S. Hacyan

1985-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

300

Advanced Offshore Wind Tech: Accelerating New Opportunities for Clean Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Energy Department today announced the selection of three projects that aim to advance the offshore wind industry and lower the cost of offshore wind technologies. Learn more about these technological innovations.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

BEST OFFER EVER ACCELERATED TEXAS UPGRADES | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of Reported Data Data Dashboard Stories & Case Studies "Homeowners Go Deeper in the Heart of Texas and Save With Austin Energy" Best Offer Ever Produces Upgrades in Record Time...

302

New High-Power Laser Technology | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

edge technology developers to pioneer applications that accelerate the adoption of geothermal energy. In 2013, Foro Energy, Inc. (Foro) partnered with the GTO, through a 50...

303

A Global Review of Incentive Programs to Accelerate Energy-Efficient Appliances and Equipment  

SciTech Connect

Incentive programs are an essential policy tool to move the market toward energy-efficient products. They offer a favorable complement to mandatory standards and labeling policies by accelerating the market penetration of energy-efficient products above equipment standard requirements and by preparing the market for increased future mandatory requirements. They sway purchase decisions and in some cases production decisions and retail stocking decisions toward energy-efficient products. Incentive programs are structured according to their regulatory environment, the way they are financed, by how the incentive is targeted, and by who administers them. This report categorizes the main elements of incentive programs, using case studies from the Major Economies Forum to illustrate their characteristics. To inform future policy and program design, it seeks to recognize design advantages and disadvantages through a qualitative overview of the variety of programs in use around the globe. Examples range from rebate programs administered by utilities under an Energy-Efficiency Resource Standards (EERS) regulatory framework (California, USA) to the distribution of Eco-Points that reward customers for buying efficient appliances under a government recovery program (Japan). We found that evaluations have demonstrated that financial incentives programs have greater impact when they target highly efficient technologies that have a small market share. We also found that the benefits and drawbacks of different program design aspects depend on the market barriers addressed, the target equipment, and the local market context and that no program design surpasses the others. The key to successful program design and implementation is a thorough understanding of the market and effective identification of the most important local factors hindering the penetration of energy-efficient technologies.

de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Phadke, Amol; Leventis, Greg; Gopal, Anand

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Proposal for a High Energy Nuclear Database  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proposal for a High Energy Nuclear Database David A. Brown 1it requires the high-energy nuclear physics com- munity’s ?compilations of high-energy nuclear data for applications

Brown, David A.; Vogt, Ramona

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Supernovae, Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe: How DOE Helped to Win (yet another) Nobel Prize  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) hosted an event Friday, January 13, with 2011 Physics Nobel Laureate Saul Perlmutter. Dr. Perlmutter, a physicist at the Department’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and a professor of physics at the University of California at Berkeley, won the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics “for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae.” DOE’s Office of Science has supported Dr. Perlmutter’s research at Berkeley Lab since 1983. After the introduction from Secretary of Energy Steven Chu, Dr. Perlmutter delivered a presentation entitled "Supernovae, Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe: How DOE Helped to Win (yet another) Nobel Prize." [Copied with editing from DOE Media Advisory issued January 10th, found at http://energy.gov/articles/energy-department-host-event-2011-physics-nobel-laureate-saul-perlmutter

Perlmutter, Saul

2012-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

306

Supernovae, Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe: How DOE Helped to Win (yet another) Nobel Prize  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) hosted an event Friday, January 13, with 2011 Physics Nobel Laureate Saul Perlmutter. Dr. Perlmutter, a physicist at the Department?s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and a professor of physics at the University of California at Berkeley, won the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics ?for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae.? DOE?s Office of Science has supported Dr. Perlmutter?s research at Berkeley Lab since 1983. After the introduction from Secretary of Energy Steven Chu, Dr. Perlmutter delivered a presentation entitled "Supernovae, Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe: How DOE Helped to Win (yet another) Nobel Prize." [Copied with editing from DOE Media Advisory issued January 10th, found at http://energy.gov/articles/energy-department-host-event-2011-physics-nobel-laureate-saul-perlmutter

Perlmutter, Saul

2012-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

307

High flux solar energy transformation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are multi-stage systems for high flux transformation of solar energy allowing for uniform solar intensification by a factor of 60,000 suns or more. Preferred systems employ a focusing mirror as a primary concentrative device and a non-imaging concentrator as a secondary concentrative device with concentrative capacities of primary and secondary stages selected to provide for net solar flux intensification of greater than 2000 over 95 percent of the concentration area. Systems of the invention are readily applied as energy sources for laser pumping and in other photothermal energy utilization processes.

Winston, Roland (Chicago, IL); Gleckman, Philip L. (Chicago, IL); O'Gallagher, Joseph J. (Flossmoor, IL)

1991-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

308

Voltage spike detection in high field superconducting accelerator magnets  

SciTech Connect

A measurement system for the detection of small magnetic flux changes in superconducting magnets, which are due to either mechanical motion of the conductor or flux jump, has been developed at Fermilab. These flux changes are detected as small amplitude, short duration voltage spikes, which are {approx}15mV in magnitude and lasts for {approx}30 {micro}sec. The detection system combines an analog circuit for the signal conditioning of two coil segments and a fast data acquisition system for digitizing the results, performing threshold detection, and storing the resultant data. The design of the spike detection system along with the modeling results and noise analysis will be presented. Data from tests of high field Nb{sub 3}Sn magnets at currents up to {approx}20KA will also be shown.

Orris, D.F.; Carcagno, R.; Feher, S.; Makulski, A.; Pischalnikov, Y.M.; /Fermilab

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Department of Energy to Invest Up To $30 Million to Accelerate Development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Up To $30 Million to Accelerate Up To $30 Million to Accelerate Development and Deployment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Technology Department of Energy to Invest Up To $30 Million to Accelerate Development and Deployment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Technology January 17, 2008 - 10:38am Addthis DOE also partners with the State of Michigan and industry to advance vehicle technologies DETROIT, MI -U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Under Secretary Bud Albright today announced that DOE will invest up to $30 million for cost-shared development and demonstration projects supporting Plug-In Hybrid Vehicles (PHEVs); and that DOE will participate in a cooperative, pre-competitive research and development alliance - known as the U.S. Automotive Partnership for Advancing Research & Technologies - or USAutoPARTs. Both

310

Broad Energy Spectrum of Laser-Accelerated Protons for Spallation-Related Physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A beam of MeV protons, accelerated by ultraintense laser-pulse interactions with a thin target foil, is used to investigate nuclear reactions of interest for spallation physics. The laser-generated proton beam is shown (protons were measured) to have a broad energy distribution, which closely resembles the expected energy spectrum of evaporative protons (below 50 MeV) produced in GeV-proton-induced spallation reactions. The protons are used to quantify the distribution of residual radioisotopes produced in a representative spallation target (Pb), and the results are compared with calculated predictions based on spectra modeled with nuclear Monte Carlo codes. Laser-plasma particle accelerators are shown to provide data relevant to the design and development of accelerator driven systems.

P. McKenna; K. W. D. Ledingham; S. Shimizu; J. M. Yang; L. Robson; T. McCanny; J. Galy; J. Magill; R. J. Clarke; D. Neely; P. A. Norreys; R. P. Singhal; K. Krushelnick; M. S. Wei

2005-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

311

New INL High Energy Battery Test Facility | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

INL High Energy Battery Test Facility New INL High Energy Battery Test Facility 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and...

312

Small scale energy release and the acceleration and transport of energetic particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Small scale energy release and the acceleration and transport of energetic particles Hugh Hudson1, and of their radio emission mechanisms. The RHESSI3 results are the most distinctive in this time frame observatory) 4 Very Large Array (Socorro, New Mexico) 5 Nobeyama Radio Heliograph (Nobeyama, Japan) 6

Hudson, Hugh

313

Accelerating the convergence of the total energy evaluation in density functional theory calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accelerating the convergence of the total energy evaluation in density functional theory.1063/1.2821101 I. INTRODUCTION Density functional theory DFT ,1,2 one of the most widely used first functional theory OO-DFT B. Zhou and Y. A. Wang, J. Chem. Phys. 124, 081107 2006 is that the second

Wang, Yan Alexander

314

High West Energy, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name High West Energy, Inc Place Colorado Utility Id 27058 References Energy Information Administration.[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png A F Industrial Commercial & Small Power Commercial Farm and Home Residential Irrigation Industrial Large Power Industrial Large Power T-O-D Industrial Large Power T-O-D V2 Industrial Large Power V2 Industrial Security Lighting-150 - 175 watt M V/ HPS Lighting Security Lighting-200 - 250 watt M V/ HPS Lighting Security Lighting-400 watt M V/ HPS Lighting Street Lighting-200 - 250 watt M V/ HPS Lighting Street Lighting-400 watt M V/ HPS Lighting Time-of-Use Commercial

315

DEVELOPMENT OF A HIGH BRIGHTNESS ELECTRON GUN FOR THE ACCELERATOR TEST FACILITY AT BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

954 DEVELOPMENT OF A HIGH BRIGHTNESS ELECTRON GUN FOR THE ACCELERATOR TEST FACILITY AT BROOKHAVEN, New York 11973 and K. McDonald Princeton [Jniversity Abstract An electron gun utilizing a radio). Here we report on the de;$n of the electron gun which will provide r.f. bunches of up to 10 electrons

McDonald, Kirk

316

Target Material Irradiation Studies for High-Intensity Accelerator Beams , H. Ludewig1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, an intensive search has been under way for both "smart" target designs and target materials that exhibit and "smart" materials have recently become available to serve the needs of special industries and someTarget Material Irradiation Studies for High-Intensity Accelerator Beams N. Simos1* , H. Kirk1 , H

McDonald, Kirk

317

Experimental evidence of accelerated energy transfer in turbulence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate the vorticity dynamics in a turbulent vortex using scattering of acoustic waves. Two ultrasonic beams are adjusted to probe simultaneously two spatial scales in a given volume of the flow, thus allowing a dual channel recording of the dynamics of coherent vorticity structures. Our results show that this allows one to measure the average energy transfer time between different spatial length scales, and that such transfer goes faster at smaller scales.

R. Labbé; C. Baudet; G. Bustamante

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

318

Coronal Heating and Acceleration of the High/Low-Speed Solar Wind by Fast/Slow MHD Shock Trains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate coronal heating and acceleration of the high- and low-speed solar wind in the open field region by dissipation of fast and slow magnetohydrodynamical (MHD) waves through MHD shocks. Linearly polarized \\Alfven (fast MHD) waves and acoustic (slow MHD) waves travelling upwardly along with a magnetic field line eventually form fast switch-on shock trains and hydrodynamical shock trains (N-waves) respectively to heat and accelerate the plasma. We determine one dimensional structure of the corona from the bottom of the transition region (TR) to 1AU under the steady-state condition by solving evolutionary equations for the shock amplitudes simultaneously with the momentum and proton/electron energy equations. Our model reproduces the overall trend of the high-speed wind from the polar holes and the low-speed wind from the mid- to low-latitude streamer except the observed hot corona in the streamer. The heating from the slow waves is effective in the low corona to increase the density there, and plays an important role in the formation of the dense low-speed wind. On the other hand, the fast waves can carry a sizable energy to the upper level to heat the outer corona and accelerate the high-speed wind effectively. We also study dependency on field strength, $B_0$, at the bottom of the TR and non-radial expansion of a flow tube, $f_{\\rm max}$, to find that large $B_0/f_{\\rm max}\\gtrsim 2$ but small $B_0\\simeq 2$G are favorable for the high-speed wind and that small $B_0/f_{\\rm max}\\simeq 1$ is required for the low-speed wind.

Takeru K. Suzuki

2003-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

319

Fermilab | Illinois Accelerator Research Center | Accelerators...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerators and Society Physicists have been inventing new types of accelerators to propel charged particles to higher and higher energies for more than 80 years. Today, besides...

320

Mechanical Damage from Cavitation in High Intensity Focused Ultrasound Accelerated Thrombolysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for ultrasound accelerated thrombolysis. Circulation, 92(5):mechanisms in ultrasound-accelerated thrombolysis at 1 mhz.in ultrasound- accelerated fibrinolysis. Ultrasound in

Weiss, Hope

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Education Office / Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory U. S. Department of Energy's Office of Science / Managed by Universities Research Association, Inc.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Education Office / Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory Education Office / Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory U. S. Department of Energy's Office of Science / Managed by Universities Research Association, Inc. Kirk Road and Pine Street / M.S. 226 / P.O. Box 500 / Batavia, IL 60510 / 630.840.3092 / www-ed.fnal.gov Physics Workshop and Field Trip for Grades 6-9 Sampler Introduction "Beauty" and "Charm" are the fanciful names of two of six fundamental particles called quarks. Part of the experimental verification for the existence of quarks was carried out at Fermilab. However, this unit was titled Beauty and Charm at Fermilab with a second meaning in mind. Fermilab, as any visitor will attest, is a place of beauty-a high-rise main building with architec- ture inspired by a French cathedral and set on a prairie-like plain reminiscent of early Illinois. In

322

Final Report for U.S. DOE GRANT No. DEFG02-96ER41015 November 1, 2010 - April 30, 2013 entitled HIGH ENERGY ACCELERATOR AND COLLIDING BEAM USER GROUP at the UNIVERSITY of MARYLAND  

SciTech Connect

We have #12;finished the third year of a three year grant cycle with the U.S. Department of Energy for which we were given a #12;five month extension (U.S. D.O.E. Grant No. DEFG02-96ER41015). This document is the fi#12;nal report for this grant and covers the period from November 1, 2010 to April 30, 2013. The Maryland program is administered as a single task with Professor Nicholas Hadley as Principal Investigator. The Maryland experimental HEP group is focused on two major research areas. We are members of the CMS experiment at the LHC at CERN working on the physics of the Energy Frontier. We are also analyzing the data from the Babar experiment at SLAC while doing design work and R&D towards a Super B experiment as part of the Intensity Frontier. We have recently joined the LHCb experiment at CERN. We concluded our activities on the D#31; experiment at Fermilab in 2009.

Hadley, Nicholas [University of Maryland College Park; Jawahery, Abolhassan [University of Maryland College Park; Eno, Sarah C [University of Maryland College Park; Skuja, Andris [University of Maryland College Park; Baden, Andrew [University of Maryland College Park; Roberts, Douglas [University of Maryland College Park

2013-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

323

Acceleration of Rural Industrialization Using Renewable Energy Technolgoy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar wind biomass and micro?hydro can be found in abundant in almost all rural area throughout the world. Despite of the fact that there are already so many research results showing the potential application of these renewable resources to substitute fossil fuel and to increase added value of local products however up to now very view if any result that has been realized in significant way. A concept of Small Provessing Unit using renewable energy sources have been introduced in Indonesia since 1999 in which domestically developed conversion technology such as the greenhouse effect (GHE) solar drying system has been applied to process agricultural products such as coffee cocoa soices various types of fishes and sea weeds. In addition hybrid nocturnal cooling method has also beeing developed and used to help the farmer in extending shelf life of tropical fruits and vegetables and therefore contributed in reducing post harvest losses. The Small Processing Unit concept as well as the developed renewable energy technology are now gradually being appreciated by both the central and local authorities the private sectors including the NGO. The demand of such system is also gradually increasing each year and the area of applications have been extended not only within the heavtily inhavited Java Island but also to the other island of Indonesia. Our experiences in dealing with the system have also been transferred to fellow ASEAN engineers as well as those coming from the African continent through training and workshops activities. The future direction of the development will be to enhace the role of the Small Processing Unit (SPU) by providing more value added facilities driven by renewable energy technology.

Kamaruddin Abdullah

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Energy Systems High Pressure Test Laboratory (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet describes the purpose, lab specifications, applications scenarios, and information on how to partner with NREL's Energy Systems High Pressure Test Laboratory at the Energy Systems Integration Facility. The purpose of the Energy Systems High Pressure Test Laboratory at NREL's Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF) is to provide space where high pressure hydrogen components can be safely tested. High pressure hydrogen storage is an integral part of energy storage technology for use in fuel cell and in other distributed energy scenarios designed to effectively utilize the variability inherent with renewable energy sources. The high pressure storage laboratory is co-located with energy storage activities such as ultra-capacitors, super conducting magnetic flywheel and mechanical energy storage systems laboratories for an integrated approach to system development and demonstration. Hazards associated with hydrogen storage at pressures up to 10,000 psi include oxygen displacement, combustion, explosion, and pressurization of room air due to fast release and physical hazards associated with burst failure modes. A critical understanding of component failure modes is essential in developing reliable, robust designs that will minimize failure risk beyond the end of service life. Development of test protocol for accelerated life testing to accurately scale to real world operating conditions is essential for developing regulations, codes and standards required for safe operation. NREL works closely with industry partners in providing support of advanced hydrogen technologies. Innovative approaches to product design will accelerate commercialization into new markets. NREL works with all phases of the product design life cycle from early prototype development to final certification testing. High pressure tests are performed on hydrogen components, primarily for the validation of developing new codes and standards for high pressure hydrogen applications. The following types of tests can be performed: Performance, Component and system level efficiency, Strength of materials and hydrogen compatibility, Safety demonstration, Model validation, and Life cycle reliability.

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Super-acceleration on the Brane by Energy Flow from the Bulk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a brane cosmological model with energy exchange between brane and bulk. Parameterizing the energy exchange term by the scale factor and Hubble parameter, we are able to exactly solve the modified Friedmann equation on the brane. In this model, the equation of state for the effective dark energy has a transition behavior changing from $w_{de}^{eff}>-1$ to $w_{de}^{eff}dark energy on the brane has $w>-1$. Fitting data from type Ia supernova, Sloan Digital Sky Survey and Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe, our universe is predicted now in the state of super-acceleration with $w_{de0}^{eff}=-1.21$.

Rong-Gen Cai; Yungui Gong; Bin Wang

2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

326

University Programs of the U.S. Department of Energy Advance Accelerator Applications Program  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Accelerator Applications (AAA) Program was initiated in fiscal year 2001 (FY01) by the U.S. Congress, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in partnership with other national laboratories. The primary goal of this program is to investigate the feasibility of accelerator-driven transmutation of nuclear waste (ATW). Because a large cadre of educated scientists and trained technicians will be needed to conduct the investigations of science and technology for transmutation, the AAA Program Office has begun a multi-year program to involve university faculty and students in various phases of the Project.

Beller, D. E. (Denis E.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Anomalous Interactions of High Energy Muons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Articles Anomalous Interactions of High Energy Muons Takashi Kitamura Reiji Sugano Department of Physics...on penetrating showers with large transferred energies producted by high energy muons are accepted, the muon would have anomalous......

Takashi Kitamura; Reiji Sugano

1966-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Nuclear Interactions in Super High Energy Region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Articles Nuclear Interactions in Super High Energy Region Jose F. Bellandi a...Tokyo 188 We formulate the energy spectrum of produced particles...Atmospheric diffusion of high energy cosmic rays is calculated analytically......

Jose F. Bellandi; Sergio Q. Brunetto; Jose A. Chinellato; Carola Dobrigkeit; Akinori Ohsawa; Kotaro Sawayanagi; Edison H. Shibuya

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

On active galactic nuclei as sources of ultra-high energy cosmic rays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......possible inconsistencies in energy calibration and angular resolution...X-rays are relevant to high energy particle acceleration. By...has been operating stably in Argentina since 2004, using a hybrid...comprised of 27 events with energies above 5.7 1019 eV from an......

M. R. George; A. C. Fabian; W. H. Baumgartner; R. F. Mushotzky; J. Tueller

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

ILSE: The next step toward a heavy ion induction accelerator for inertial fusion energy  

SciTech Connect

LBL and LLNL propose to build, at LBL, the Induction Linac Systems Experiments (ILSE), the next logical step towards the eventual goal of a heavy-ion induction accelerator powerful enough to implode or drive'' inertial-confinement fusion targets. ILSE, although much smaller than a driver, will be the first experiment at full driver scale in several important parameters. Most notable among these are line charge density and beam cross section. Many other accelerator components and beam manipulations needed for an inertial fusion energy (IFE) driver will be tested. The ILSE accelerator and research program will permit experimental study of those beam manipulations required of an induction linac inertial fusion driver which have not been tested sufficiently in previous experiments, and will provide a step toward driver technology.

Fessenden, T.; Bangerter, R.; Berners, D.; Chew, J.; Eylon, S.; Faltens, A.; Fawley, W.; Fong, C.; Fong, M.; Hahn, K.; Henestroza, E.; Judd, D.; Lee, E.; Lionberger, C.; Mukherjee, S.; Peters, C.; Pike, C.; Raymond, G.; Reginato, L.; Rutkowski, H.; Seidl, P.; Smith, L.; Vanecek, D.; Yu, S. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Deadrick, F.; Friedman, A.; Griffith, L.; Hewett, D.; Newton, M.; Shay, H. (Lawrence Liver

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

ILSE: The next step toward a heavy ion induction accelerator for inertial fusion energy  

SciTech Connect

LBL and LLNL propose to build, at LBL, the Induction Linac Systems Experiments (ILSE), the next logical step towards the eventual goal of a heavy-ion induction accelerator powerful enough to implode or ``drive`` inertial-confinement fusion targets. ILSE, although much smaller than a driver, will be the first experiment at full driver scale in several important parameters. Most notable among these are line charge density and beam cross section. Many other accelerator components and beam manipulations needed for an inertial fusion energy (IFE) driver will be tested. The ILSE accelerator and research program will permit experimental study of those beam manipulations required of an induction linac inertial fusion driver which have not been tested sufficiently in previous experiments, and will provide a step toward driver technology.

Fessenden, T.; Bangerter, R.; Berners, D.; Chew, J.; Eylon, S.; Faltens, A.; Fawley, W.; Fong, C.; Fong, M.; Hahn, K.; Henestroza, E.; Judd, D.; Lee, E.; Lionberger, C.; Mukherjee, S.; Peters, C.; Pike, C.; Raymond, G.; Reginato, L.; Rutkowski, H.; Seidl, P.; Smith, L.; Vanecek, D.; Yu, S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Deadrick, F.; Friedman, A.; Griffith, L.; Hewett, D.; Newton, M.; Shay, H. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerating electromagnetic magic Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

accelerating electromagnetic magic Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Very High Energy Gamma Ray Observations with the MAGIC Summary: Very High Energy Gamma Ray Observations with the...

333

High Mesa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mesa Mesa Jump to: navigation, search Name High Mesa Facility High Mesa Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Exelon Wind Developer Exelon Wind Energy Purchaser Idaho Power Location Bliss ID Coordinates 42.88797667°, -115.0169849° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.88797667,"lon":-115.0169849,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

334

Cosmology for high energy physicists  

SciTech Connect

The standard big bang model of cosmology is presented. Although not perfect, its many successes make it a good starting point for most discussions of cosmology. Places are indicated where well understood laboratory physics is incorporated into the big bang, leading to successful predictions. Much less established aspects of high energy physics and some of the new ideas they have introduced into the field of cosmology are discussed, such as string theory, inflation and monopoles. 49 refs., 5 figs.

Albrecht, A.

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Spectrum bandwidth narrowing of Thomson scattering X-rays with energy chirped electron beams from laser wakefield acceleration  

SciTech Connect

We study incoherent Thomson scattering between an ultrashort laser pulse and an electron beam accelerated from a laser wakefield. The energy chirp effects of the accelerated electron beam on the final radiation spectrum bandwidth are investigated. It is found that the scattered X-ray radiation has the minimum spectrum width and highest intensity as electrons are accelerated up to around the dephasing point. Furthermore, it is proposed that the electron acceleration process inside the wakefield can be studied by use of 90° Thomson scattering. The dephasing position and beam energy chirp can be deduced from the intensity and bandwidth of the scattered radiation.

Xu, Tong; Chen, Min, E-mail: minchen@sjtu.edu.cn; Li, Fei-Yu; Yu, Lu-Le [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)] [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Sheng, Zheng-Ming, E-mail: zmsheng@sjtu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China) [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); SUPA, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG (United Kingdom); Zhang, Jie [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China) [Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Beijing National Laboratory of Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, CAS, Beijing 100190 (China)

2014-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

336

Method and apparatus for measuring gravitational acceleration utilizing a high temperature superconducting bearing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Gravitational acceleration is measured in all spatial dimensions with improved sensitivity by utilizing a high temperature superconducting (HTS) gravimeter. The HTS gravimeter is comprised of a permanent magnet suspended in a spaced relationship from a high temperature superconductor, and a cantilever having a mass at its free end is connected to the permanent magnet at its fixed end. The permanent magnet and superconductor combine to form a bearing platform with extremely low frictional losses, and the rotational displacement of the mass is measured to determine gravitational acceleration. Employing a high temperature superconductor component has the significant advantage of having an operating temperature at or below 77K, whereby cooling may be accomplished with liquid nitrogen.

Hull, John R. (Downers Grove, IL)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

pp Interaction at Very High Energies in Cosmic Ray Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analysis of p-air cross section data from Extensive Air Shower (EAS) measurements is presented, based on an analytical representation of the pp scattering amplitudes that describes with high precision all available accelerator data at ISR, SPS and LHC energies. The theoretical basis of the representation, together with the very smooth energy dependence of parameters controlled by unitarity and dispersion relations, permits reliable extrapolation to high energy cosmic ray and asymptotic energy ranges. Calculations of the p-air production cross section based on Glauber formalism are made using the input values of the pp forward scattering parameters at high energies, with attention given to the independence of the real and imaginary slope parameters. The influence of contributions of diffractive intermediate states, according to Good-Walker formalism, is examined. The comparison with cosmic ray data is very satisfactory in the whole pp energy interval from 1 to 100 TeV. High energy asymptotic behavior of p-air cross sections is investigated in view of the geometric scaling property of the pp amplitudes. The observed energy dependence of the ratio between p-air and pp cross sections in the data is shown to be related to the nature of the pp cross section at high energies, that does not agree with the black disk image.

A. Kendi Kohara; Erasmo Ferreira; Takeshi Kodama

2014-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

338

EXTRACTION COMPRESSION AND ACCELERATION OF HIGH LINE CHARGE DENSITY ION BEAMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on compression of heavy ion beams for creating high energyet al, “Highly Compressed Ion Beams for High Energy DensityPulsed Solenoid for Intense Ion Beam Transport,” these Proc:

Henestroza, E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

for sequence accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wynn's -algorithm for sequence accelerators using high precision arithmetic Rachel Baumann University of Arizona Wynn's -algorithm for sequence accelerators using high precision arithmetic Rachel Baumann University of Arizona April 17, 2012 #12;Wynn's -algorithm for sequence accelerators using high

Zakharov, Vladimir

340

The high density equation of state: constraints from accelerators and astrophysics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The nuclear equation of state (EoS) at high densities and/or extreme isospin is one of the longstanding problems of nuclear physics. In the last years substantial progress has been made to constrain the EoS both, from the astrophysical side and from accelerator based experiments. Heavy ion experiments support a soft EoS at moderate densities while the possible existence of high mass neutron star observations favors a stiff EoS. Ab initio calculations for the nuclear many-body problem make predictions for the density and isospin dependence of the EoS far away from the saturation point. Both, the constraints from astrophysics and accelerator based experiments are shown to be in agreement with the predictions from many-body theory.

Christian Fuchs

2007-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Conception design of helium ion FFAG accelerator with induction accelerating cavity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the recent decades of particle accelerator R&D area, fixed field alternating gradient (FFAG) accelerator has become a highlight for some advantages of its higher beam intensity and lower cost, although there are still some technical challenges. In this paper, FFAG accelerator is adopted to accelerate helium ion beam on the one hand for the study of helium embrittlement on fusion reactor envelope material and on the other hand for promoting the conception research and design of FFAG accelerator and exploring the possibility of developing high power FFAG accelerators. The conventional period focusing unit of helium ion FFAG accelerator and three-dimensional model of the large aperture combinatorial magnet by OPERA-TOSCA are given. For low energy and low revolution frequency, induction acceleration is proposed to replace conventional radio frequency(RF) acceleration for helium ion FFAG accelerator, which avoids the potential breakdown of acceleration field caused by wake field and improves the acceleratio...

Huan-li, Luo; Xiang-qi, Wang; Hong-Liang, Xu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

BNL | Our History: Accelerators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

> See also: Reactors > See also: Reactors A History of Leadership in Particle Accelerator Design Cosmotron Cosmotron (1952-1966) Early in Brookhaven Lab history, the consortium of universities responsible for founding the new research center, decided that Brookhaven should provide leading facilities for high energy physics research. In April 1948, the Atomic Energy Commission approved a plan for a proton synchrotron to be built at Brookhaven. The new machine would accelerate protons to previously unheard of energies-comparable to the cosmic rays showering the earth's outer atmosphere. It would be called the Cosmotron. The Cosmotron was the first accelerator in the world to send particles to energies in the billion electron volt, or GeV, region. The machine reached its full design energy of 3.3 GeV in 1953.

343

Muons and Neutrinos at High-Energy Accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Background levels in detectors and radiation problems at future colliders — whether pp, e + e - or ?+ ?- are in large part determined by the presence of muons. Neutrinos ...

N. Mokhov; S. Striganov; A. Van Ginneken

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Operational radiation protection in high-energy physics accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......shutoff, operate annunciator signs and audio warning systems, and control access to...enclosure has been completed, and the audio and visual warnings are finished. The...effective searching of an enclosure. The audio warning instructs persons who may have......

S. H. Rokni; A. Fassò; J. C. Liu

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

University programs of the U.S. Department of Energy advanced accelerator applications program  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Accelerator Applications (AAA) Program was initiated in fiscal year 2001 (FY-01) by the U.S. Congress, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in partnership with other national laboratories. The primary goal of this program is to investigate the feasibility of transmutation of nuclear waste. An Accelerator-Driven Test Facility (ADTF), which may be built during the first decade of the 21st Century, is a major component of this effort. The ADTF would include a large, state-of-the-art charged-particle accelerator, proton-neutron target systems, and accelerator-driven R&D systems. This new facility and its underlying science and technology will require a large cadre of educated scientists and trained technicians. In addition, other applications of nuclear science and engineering (e.g., proliferation monitoring and defense, nuclear medicine, safety regulation, industrial processes, and many others) require increased academic and national infrastructure and student populations. Thus, the AAA Program Office has begun a multi-year program to involve university faculty and students in various phases of the Project to support the infrastructure requirements of nuclear energy, science and technology fields as well as the special needs of the DOE transmutation program. In this paper we describe university programs that have supported, are supporting, and will support the R&D necessary for the AAA Project. Previous work included research for the Accelerator Transmutation of Waste (ATW) project, current (FY-01) programs include graduate fellowships and research for the AAA Project, and it is expected that future programs will expand and add to the existing programs.

Beller, D. E. (Denis E.); Ward, T. E. (Thomas E.); Bresee, J. C.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

HIGHLY COMPRESSED ION BEAMS FOR HIGH ENERGY DENSITY SCIENCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HIGHLY COMPRESSED ION BEAMS FOR HIGH ENERGY DENSITY SCIENCE A. Friedman1,2 , J.J.Barnard1,2 , R Energy Density regimes required for Inertial Fu- sion Energy and other applications. An interim goal we are pursuing, low to medium mass ions with energies just above the Bragg peak are directed onto

Wurtele, Jonathan

347

Impulsive phase flare energy transport by large-scale Alfven waves and the electron acceleration problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impulsive phase of a solar flare marks the epoch of rapid conversion of energy stored in the pre-flare coronal magnetic field. Hard X-ray observations imply that a substantial fraction of flare energy released during the impulsive phase is converted to the kinetic energy of mildly relativistic electrons (10-100 keV). The liberation of the magnetic free energy can occur as the coronal magnetic field reconfigures and relaxes following reconnection. We investigate a scenario in which products of the reconfiguration - large-scale Alfven wave pulses - transport the energy and magnetic-field changes rapidly through the corona to the lower atmosphere. This offers two possibilities for electron acceleration. Firstly, in a coronal plasma with beta < m_e/m_p, the waves propagate as inertial Alfven waves. In the presence of strong spatial gradients, these generate field-aligned electric fields that can accelerate electrons to energies on the order of 10 keV and above, including by repeated interactions between el...

Fletcher, L

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Ten scenarios from early radiation to late time acceleration with a minimally coupled dark energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider General Relativity with matter, radiation and a minimally coupled dark energy defined by an equation of state w. Using dynamical system method, we find the equilibrium points of such a theory assuming an expanding Universe and a positive dark energy density. Two of these points correspond to classical radiation and matter dominated epochs for the Universe. For the other points, dark energy mimics matter, radiation or accelerates Universe expansion. We then look for possible sequences of epochs describing a Universe starting with some radiation dominated epoch(s) (mimicked or not by dark energy), then matter dominated epoch(s) (mimicked or not by dark energy) and ending with an accelerated expansion. We find ten sequences able to follow this Universe history without singular behaviour of w at some saddle points. Most of them are new in dark energy literature. To get more than these ten sequences, w has to be singular at some specific saddle equilibrium points. This is an unusual mathematical proper...

Fay, Stephane

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerator science and technology objectives for all applications * Achieve higher energy and intensity, faster and cheaper machine design, more reliable operation a wide...

350

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AAI Home AAI Home Welcome Accelerators at Argonne Mission Organization History Document Collection Conferences & Workshops Beams and Applications Seminar Argonne-Fermilab Collaboration Lee Teng Scholarship Program Useful Links Organization The Argonne Accelerator Institute is a matrixed organization. Its members and fellows reside in programmatic Argonne divisions. The Institute reports to the Associate Laboratory Director for Photon Science), and the administrative functions of the Institute are within the PSC directorate. Director: Rodney Gerig Associate Director: Hendrik Weerts ( Director of High Energy Physics Division) Associate Director: Sasha Zholents (Director of Accelerator Systems Division) Associate Director: Robert Janssens ( Director of Argonne Physics Division)

351

Empirical Determination of the Energy Loss Rate of Accelerated Electrons in a Well-Observed Solar Flare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Empirical Determination of the Energy Loss Rate of Accelerated Electrons in a Well-Observed Solar & Michele Piana1,3 ABSTRACT We present electron images of an extended solar flare source, deduced from the impulsive phase of a solar flare typically appears in the form of accelerated electrons. In the generally

Piana, Michele

352

Two-Screen Method for Determining Electron Beam Energy and Deflection from Laser Wakefield Acceleration  

SciTech Connect

Laser Wakefield Acceleration (LWFA) experiments have been performed at the Jupiter Laser Facility, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. In order to unambiguously determine the output electron beam energy and deflection angle at the plasma exit, we have implemented a two-screen electron spectrometer. This system is comprised of a dipole magnet followed by two image plates. By measuring the electron beam deviation from the laser axis on each plate, both the energy and deflection angle at the plasma exit are determined through the relativistic equation of motion.

Pollock, B B; Ross, J S; Tynan, G R; Divol, L; Glenzer, S H; Leurent, V; Palastro, J P; Ralph, J E; Froula, D H; Clayton, C E; Marsh, K A; Pak, A E; Wang, T L; Joshi, C

2009-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

353

Preliminary Results from the UCLA/SLAC Ultra-High Gradient CerenkovWakefield Accelerator Experiment  

SciTech Connect

The first phase of an experiment to study the performance of dielectric Cerenkov wakefield accelerating structures at extremely high gradients in the GV/m range has been completed. This experiment takes advantage of the unique SLAC FFTB electron beam and its demonstrated ultra-short pulse lengths and high currents (e.g., {sigma}{sub z} = 20 {micro}m at Q = 3 nC). The FFTB electron beam has been successfully focused down and sent through varying lengths of fused silica capillary tubing with two different sizes: ID = 200 {micro}m/OD = 325 {micro}m and ID = 100 {micro}m/OD = 325 {micro}m. The pulse length of the electron beam was varied in the range 20 {micro}m < {sigma}{sub z} < 100 {micro}m which produced a range of electric fields between 2 and 20 GV/m at the inner surface of the dielectric tubes. We observed a sharp increase in optical emissions from the capillaries in the middle part of this surface field range which we believe indicates the transition between sustainable field levels and breakdown. If this initial interpretation is correct, the surfaced fields that were sustained equate to on axis accelerating field of several GV/m. In future experiments we plan to collect and measure coherent Cerenkov radiation emitted from the capillary tube to gain more information about the strength of the accelerating fields.

Thompson, M.C.; Badakov, H.; Rosenzweig, J.B.; Travish, G.; /UCLA; Hogan, M.; Ischebeck, R.; Kirby, N.; Siemann, R.; Walz, D.; /SLAC; Muggli, P.; /Southern California U.; Scott, A.; /UC, Santa Barbara; Yoder, R.; /Manhattan Coll., Riverdale

2008-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

354

Energy Star Helps Manufacturers To Achieve High Energy Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From personal electronic devices to homes and office buildings, ENERGY STAR® is a recognized symbol of high quality energy performance which enables consumers, home buyers, and businesses to make informed energy decisions. Now, the U...

Dutrow, E.; Hicks, T.

355

Spin structure in high energy processes: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

This report contains papers as the following topics: Spin, Mass, and Symmetry; physics with polarized Z{sup 0}s; spin and precision electroweak physics; polarized electron sources; polarization phenomena in quantum chromodynamics; polarized lepton-nucleon scattering; polarized targets in high energy physics; spin dynamics in storage rings and linear accelerators; spin formalism and applications to new physics searches; precision electroweak physics at LEP; recent results on heavy flavor physics from LEP experiments using 1990--1992 data; precise measurement of the left-right cross section asymmetry in Z boson production by electron-positron collisions; preliminary results on heavy flavor physics at SLD; QCD tests with SLD and polarized beams; recent results from TRISTAN at KEK; recent B physics results from CLEO; searching for the H dibaryon at Brookhaven; recent results from the compton observatory; the spin structure of the deuteron; spin structure of the neutron ({sup 3}HE) and the Bjoerken sum rule; a consumer`s guide to lattice QCD results; top ten models constrained by b {yields} sy; a review of the Fermilab fixed target program; results from the D0 experiment; results from CDF at FNAL; quantum-mechanical suppression of bremsstrahlung; report from the ZEUS collaboration at HERA; physics from the first year of H1 at HERA, and hard diffraction. These papers have been cataloged separately elsewhere.

DePorcel, L.; Dunwoodie, C. [eds.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Ultra-high energy cosmic rays from Quark Novae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore acceleration of ions in the Quark Nova (QN) scenario, where a neutron star experiences an explosive phase transition into a quark star (born in the propeller regime). In this picture, two cosmic ray components are isolated: one related to the randomized pulsar wind and the other to the propelled wind, both boosted by the ultra-relativistic Quark Nova shock. The latter component acquires energies $10^{15} {\\rm eV}wind, achieves ultra-high energies $E> 10^{18.6}$ eV. The composition is dominated by ions present in the pulsar wind in the energy range above $10^{18.6}$ eV, while at energies below $10^{18}$ eV the propelled ejecta, consisting of the fall-back neutron star crust material from the explosion, is the dominant one. Added to these two components, the propeller injects relativistic particles with Lorentz factors $\\Gamma_{\\rm prop.} \\sim 1-1000$, later to be accelerated by galactic supernova shocks. The QN model appears to be able to account for the extragalactic cosmic rays above the ankle and to contribute a few percent of the galactic cosmic rays below the ankle. We predict few hundred ultra-high energy cosmic ray events above $10^{19}$ eV for the Pierre Auger detector per distant QN, while some thousands are predicted for the proposed EUSO and OWL detectors.

R. Ouyed; P. Keränen; J. Maalampi

2003-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

357

High Availability On-line Relational Databases for Accelerator Control and Operation  

SciTech Connect

The role that relational database (RDB) technology plays in accelerator control and operation continues to grow in such areas as electronic logbooks, machine parameter definitions, and facility infrastructure management. RDBs are increasingly relied upon to provide the official 'master' copy of these data. Whereas the services provided by the RDB have traditionally not been 'mission critical', the availability of modern RDB management systems is now equivalent to that of standard computer file-systems. RDBs can be relied on to supply pseudo real-time response to operator and machine physicist requests. This paper describes recent developments in the IRMIS RDB project. Generic lattice support has been added, serving as the driver for model-based machine control. Abstract physics name service and process variable introspection has been added. Specific emphasis has been placed both on providing fast response time to accelerator operators and modeling code requests, as well as high (24/7) availability of the RDB service.

Dohan,D.; Dalesio, L.; Carcassi, G.

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

358

Department of Physics High Energy Physics Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Physics High Energy Physics Group Electrical Engineer (Job ref: 0004) The High Energy and experience. A job description and an application form can be obtained from http

359

Clean Energy Ambassadors The mission of the Clean Energy Institute is to accelerate the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a clean energy future by advancing next generation solar energy and electrical energy storage materials. Student have fun learning about solar cells and simple circuits. Solar Energy Exploration- A set

Hochberg, Michael

360

How can accelerated development of bioenergy contribute to the future UK energy mix? Insights from a MARKAL modelling exercise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work explores the potential contribution of bioenergy technologies to 60% and 80% carbon reductions in the UK energy system by 2050, by outlining the potential for accelerated technological development of...

Donna Clarke; Sophie Jablonski; Brighid Moran…

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Radboud University Nijmegen Theoretical High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radboud University Nijmegen Theoretical High Energy Physics Bachelor thesis The High Energy;CONTENTS CONTENTS Contents 1 Introduction and Research question 2 2 Theoretical Background 3 2.1 Gauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.3 High Energy Behaviour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.3.1 Renormalization

van Suijlekom, Walter

362

$\\sigma$CDM coupled to radiation. Dark energy and Universe acceleration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently the Chiral Cosmological Model (CCM) coupled to cold dark matter (CDM) has been investigated as $\\sigma$CDM model to study the observed accelerated expansion of the Universe. Dark sector fields (as Dark Energy content) coupled to cosmic dust were considered as the source of Einstein gravity in Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) cosmology. Such model had a beginning at the matter-dominated era. The purposes of our present investigation are two folds: to extend > of the $\\sigma$CDM for earlier times to radiation-dominated era and to take into account variation of the exponential potential via variation of the interaction parameter $\\lambda $. We use Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) procedure to investigate possible values of initial conditions constrained by the measured amount of the dark matter, dark energy and radiation component today. Our analysis includes dark energy contribution to critical density, the ratio of the kinetic and potential energies, deceleration parameter, effective equation of state ...

Abbyazov, Renat R; Müller, Volker

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Radiation from a uniformly accelerated particle detector: Energy, particles, and the quantum measurement process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We comment on the controversy whether a uniformly accelerated particle detector radiates. We stress the particular importance of the built-up correlations and of the quantum measurement process in this connection. We give the question the following form: We assume that the initial state of the quantum field is the Minkowski vacuum and that there is a uniformly accelerated two-level system which is initially in its ground state. What will in this case be found in the different regions of asymptotic future null infinity for the mean value of the field energy density on one hand and of the Minkowski particle number on the other if in the out region (a) no measurement is made on the two-level system, (b) the measurement finds the two-level system in its upper state, or (c) in its lower state? To obtain localized statements, we base the calculations on wave packet states. The different cases show essential differences.

Jürgen Audretsch and Rainer Müller

1994-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

364

Nuclear Reactions at High Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the quark model, nuclei (B?2) have exotic quantum numbers. Given a nuclear reaction in which certain quantum numbers are exchanged, what is the scattering amplitude at high energies, in the GeV region? Does it have Regge behavior? Is it dual? Are there multibaryon resonances? In this context we present a general survey of all high-energy nuclear reactions - mainly those involving light nuclei. For B=0 exchange reactions, like ?d??d and ?-h??0t (h?He3, t=H3), there is the impulse and rescattering (Glauber) model. For B=1 exchange we discuss the one-pion-exchange (OPE) model for pp?d?+, pd?dp, and ?d?pn, and the "knock-on" model for pd??+t, dd?tp, dh?hd, ?h?pd, and ???pt. In the case of B=2 exchange we examine the impulse and rescattering diagrams for ?d?d?, ?d?d?0, and ?d?d?, and use the OPE model to calculate cross sections for pd?t?, pt?tp, and ph?hp. Briefly considered are: (1) backward elastic scattering from heavy nuclei (pA?Ap) and (2) inclusive nuclear reactions such as N14+A?Li6+anything and pA?d¯+anything. We postulate that in general nuclear reactions have Regge behavior, but are not dual, because so far there are no exotic multibaryon resonances. Nuclear reactions appear to be completely dominated by anomalous singularities, whereas ordinary nonexotic hadron reactions appear to be dominated by normal singularities and poles.

George W. Barry

1973-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Energy Department Invests $17 Million in Small Businesses to Accelerate Clean Energy Innovation  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Building on President Obama’s Climate Action Plan to continue U.S. leadership in clean energy innovation, the Energy Department’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) today awarded $17 million in Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) projects to help small businesses in 13 states develop prototype technologies that could improve manufacturing energy efficiency, reduce the cost of installing clean energy projects, and generate electricity from renewable energy sources.

366

High Average Power, High Energy Short Pulse Fiber Laser System  

SciTech Connect

Recently continuous wave fiber laser systems with output powers in excess of 500W with good beam quality have been demonstrated [1]. High energy, ultrafast, chirped pulsed fiber laser systems have achieved record output energies of 1mJ [2]. However, these high-energy systems have not been scaled beyond a few watts of average output power. Fiber laser systems are attractive for many applications because they offer the promise of high efficiency, compact, robust systems that are turn key. Applications such as cutting, drilling and materials processing, front end systems for high energy pulsed lasers (such as petawatts) and laser based sources of high spatial coherence, high flux x-rays all require high energy short pulses and two of the three of these applications also require high average power. The challenge in creating a high energy chirped pulse fiber laser system is to find a way to scale the output energy while avoiding nonlinear effects and maintaining good beam quality in the amplifier fiber. To this end, our 3-year LDRD program sought to demonstrate a high energy, high average power fiber laser system. This work included exploring designs of large mode area optical fiber amplifiers for high energy systems as well as understanding the issues associated chirped pulse amplification in optical fiber amplifier systems.

Messerly, M J

2007-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

367

THE HIGHEST-ENERGY COSMIC RAYS What in the cosmos can possibly be accelerating protons to 1020  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the implications of the energy spectrum measurements on our understanding of the origin of cosmic rays, and we of origin Below 1015 eV the cosmic-ray energy spectrum obeys an approximate power law, falling like E-2THE HIGHEST-ENERGY COSMIC RAYS What in the cosmos can possibly be accelerating protons to 1020

368

High Energy Efficiency Air Conditioning  

SciTech Connect

This project determined the performance of a new high efficiency refrigerant, Ikon B, in a residential air conditioner designed to use R-22. The refrigerant R-22, used in residential and small commercial air conditioners, is being phased out of production in developed countries beginning this year because of concerns regarding its ozone depletion potential. Although a replacement refrigerant, R-410A, is available, it operates at much higher pressure than R-22 and requires new equipment. R-22 air conditioners will continue to be in use for many years to come. Air conditioning is a large part of expensive summer peak power use in many parts of the U.S. Previous testing and computer simulations of Ikon B indicated that it would have 20 - 25% higher coefficient of performance (COP, the amount of cooling obtained per energy used) than R-22 in an air-cooled air conditioner. In this project, a typical new R-22 residential air conditioner was obtained, installed in a large environmental chamber, instrumented, and run both with its original charge of R-22 and then with Ikon B. In the environmental chamber, controlled temperature and humidity could be maintained to obtain repeatable and comparable energy use results. Tests with Ikon B included runs with and without a power controller, and an extended run for several months with subsequent analyses to check compatibility of Ikon B with the air conditioner materials and lubricant. Baseline energy use of the air conditioner with its original R-22 charge was measured at 90 deg F and 100 deg F. After changeover to Ikon B and a larger expansion orifice, energy use was measured at 90 deg F and 100 deg F. Ikon B proved to have about 19% higher COP at 90 deg F and about 26% higher COP at 100 deg F versus R-22. Ikon B had about 20% lower cooling capacity at 90 deg F and about 17% lower cooling capacity at 100 deg F versus R-22 in this system. All results over multiple runs were within 1% relative standard deviation (RSD). All of these values agree well with previous results and computer simulations of Ikon B performance versus R-22. The lower cooling capacity of Ikon B is not a concern unless a particular air conditioner is near its maximum cooling capacity in application. Typically, oversized A/C systems are installed by contractors to cover contingencies. In the extended run with Ikon B, which lasted about 4.5 months at 100 deg F ambient temperature and 68% compressor on time, the air conditioner performed well with no significant loss of energy efficiency. Post-run analysis of the refrigerant, compressor lubricant oil, compressor, compressor outlet tubing, and the filter/dryer showed minor effects but nothing that was considered significant. The project was very successful. All objectives were achieved, and the performance of Ikon B indicates that it can easily be retrofitted into R-22 air conditioners to give 15 - 20% energy savings and a 1 - 3 year payback of retrofit costs depending on location and use. Ikon B has the potential to be a successful commercial product.

Edward McCullough; Patrick Dhooge; Jonathan Nimitz

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

369

Electromagnetic Interactions of High-Energy Cosmic-Ray Muons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electromagnetic interactions of cosmic-ray muons in the energy range up to 1 TeV were investigated with a spark-chamber calorimeter in combination with the Kiel spectrograph. The purpose was to investigate the different kinds of electromagnetic processes (knock-on, direct-pair, bremsstrahlung, and multiple pion production) in the range of energy transfer from 0.2 to 100 GeV. The production of pions is in reasonable agreement with the theoretical prediction of Daiyasu et al. In the region of high energy transfer (>2 Gev) the experimental results agree with Bhabha's theory of the knock-on process as well as with Murota's theory of direct pair production. However, in the region of energy transfer around 1 GeV there are minor deviations from these theories, in contradiction with accelerator data.

O. C. Allkofer, C. Grupen, and W. Stamm

1971-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

High-Energy Neutrino Production through Photopion Processes in Blazars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The measured spectral energy distribution and variability time scale are used to determine the radiation and magnetic-field energy densities in the relativistic plasma that forms the gamma-ray emitting jet in the blazar 3C 279. Assuming that protons are accelerated as efficiently as electrons to a maximum energy determined by the size and magnetic field of the emitting region, we calculate the emissivity of neutrinos produced by protons that interact with the external radiation field intercepted by the jet. The external radiation field provides the most important target photons for photomeson production of high-energy neutrinos in flat spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs). Because of photomeson interactions with this field, km^2 neutrino telescopes are predicted to detect > 0.1-1 neutrinos per year from blazars such as 3C 279. BL Lac objects are weaker neutrino sources if, as widely thought, their gamma-ray emission is due to Compton-scattered synchrotron (SSC) radiation.

C. D. Dermer; A. Atoyan

2001-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

371

Energy Department Invests $17 Million in Small Businesses to Accelerate Clean Energy Innovation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Energy Department awarded $17 million through the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program to develop clean energy technologies with a strong potential for commercialization and job creation.

372

BARC TIFR Heavy Ion Accelerator Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of nuclear structure studies at high temperature and angular momentum, elastic and transfer reactions as well are initially accelerated to low energies (150-250 keV) in a short horizontal section. These low energy negative enterprise using accelerated heavy ion beams is to unravel the complexities of the nuclear world in all

Shyamasundar, R.K.

373

Accelerator & Detector Research & Development | U.S. DOE Office...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

whose cost and complexity require shared support. Research at the Accelerator Test Facility at Brookhaven National Laboratory is jointly funded by the High Energy Physics...

374

High Energy Astrophysics: Overview 1/47 High Energy Astrophysics in Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Energy Astrophysics: Overview 1/47 High Energy Astrophysics in Context 1 Some references The following set of volumes is an outstanding summary of the field of High Energy Astrophysics and its relation to the rest of Astrophysics High Energy Astrophysics, Vols. 1,2 and 3. M.S. Longair, Cam- bridge University

Bicknell, Geoff

375

Accelerator Driven System Target Requirements and R&D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-nosed assessment, addressing the technical requirements for ADS the current status and readiness of accelerator #12;Accelerator Driven Systems High-power, highly reliable proton accelerator · ~1 GeV beam energy · ~1 MW of beam power for demonstration · Tens of MW beam power for Industrial-Scale System Spallation

McDonald, Kirk

376

Radiation Weighting Factors and High Energy Radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......generally inadequate for high energy radiation. In order to determine...appropriate wR values in the high energy region, several criteria are...are proposed for neutrons of energy above 100 MeV and for protons above 10 MeV. The wR value for muons is confirmed to be practically......

M. Pelliccioni

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......tral data at energies above 1 EeV (1018eV...from the AGASA project, are very suggestive...since these low energy cosmic rays have...the outflowing solar wind plasma and...it does on the energy limit set by the solar wind. Since there......

Roger Clay

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

High-energy career lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... a group of companies that includes Shell Renewables and its components Shell Solar and Shell WindEnergy. Lest any stone go unturned, the company is also on the trail of hydrogen ... , notably a £28-million (US$52-million) programme called Towards a Sustainable Energy Economy. A new body, the UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC), will coordinate efforts ...

Virginia Gewin

2005-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

379

Co-axial, high energy gamma generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gamma ray generator includes an ion source in a first chamber. A second chamber is configured co-axially around the first chamber at a lower second pressure. Co-axially arranged plasma apertures separate the two chambers and provide for restricted passage of ions and gas from the first to the second chamber. The second chamber is formed by a puller electrode having at least one long channel aperture to draw ions from the first chamber when the puller electrode is subject to an appropriate applied potential. A plurality of electrodes rings in the third chamber in third pressure co-axially surround the puller electrode and have at least one channel corresponding to the at least one puller electrode aperture and plasma aperture. The electrode rings increase the energy of the ions to a selected energy in stages in passing between successive pairs of the electrodes by application of an accelerating voltage to the successive pairs of accelerator electrodes. A target disposed co-axially around the plurality of electrodes receives the beam of accelerated ions, producing gamma rays.

Reijonen, Jani Petteri (Princeton, NJ); Gicquel, Frederic (Pennington, NJ)

2011-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

380

High Energy Colliders as Tools to Understand the Early Universe  

SciTech Connect

Cosmological observations have reached a new era of precision, and reveal many interesting and puzzling features of the Universe. I will briefly review two of the most exciting mysteries: the nature of the dark components of the Universe, and the origin of the asymmetry between matter and anti-matter. I will argue that our best hope of unraveling these questions will need to combine information from the heavens with measurements in the lab at high energy particle accelerators. The end of run II of the Tevatron, the up-coming Large Hadron Collider and proposed International Linear Collider all have great potential to help us answer these questions in the near future.

Tait, Tim (ANL) [ANL

2008-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

CONTINUED HIGH PERFORMANCE ENERGY MANAGEMENT COMPANY Fitesa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HIGH PERFORMANCE ENERGY MANAGEMENT COMPANY Fitesa UTILITY Clark Public Utilities PROJECT Chiller Upgrade ENERGY SAVINGS 2,524,032 kWhyr PROJECT COST 929,308 INCENTIVE 650,516...

382

High Energy Density Science with High Peak Power Light Sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High energy density (HED) science is a growing sub-field of plasma and condensed matter physics. I will examine how recent technological developments in high peak power, petawatt-class...

Ditmire, Todd

383

High Energy Physics User Facilities | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HEP User Facilities HEP User Facilities User Facilities ASCR User Facilities BES User Facilities BER User Facilities FES User Facilities HEP User Facilities NP User Facilities User Facilities Frequently Asked Questions User Facility Science Highlights Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 HEP User Facilities Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page The High Energy Physics program supports the operation of the following national scientific user facilities: Fermilab Accelerator Complex External link The Fermilab Accelerator Complex at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory is composed of the accelerator complex and several experiments-both actual and proposed--that utilize its protons. The complex currently

384

Reducing ion energy spread in hole-boring radiation pressure acceleration by using two-ion-species targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The generation of fast ion beams in the hole-boring radiation pressure acceleration by intense laser pulses has been studied for targets with different ion components. We find that the oscillation of the longitudinal electric field for accelerating ions can be effectively suppressed by using a two-ion-species target, because fast ions from a two-ion-species target are distributed into more bunches and each bunch bears less charge. Consequently, the energy spread of ion beams generated in the hole-boring radiation pressure acceleration can be greatly reduced down to 3.7% according to our numerical simulation.

Weng, S M; Sheng, Z M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Acceleration of low energy nuclear reactions by formation of correlated states of interacting particles in dynamical systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this work the most universal mechanism of essential acceleration of low energy nuclear reactions on the basis of correlated states of interacting particles is considered. This mechanism provides a giant increase of barrier penetrability under critical conditions (low energy, high barrier), where the effectiveness of “ordinary” tunneling effects is negligibly small, and can be applied to different experiments. The physical reason of an increased barrier penetrability in correlated states is connected to the modified uncertainty relation ? p ? q ? ? 2 / 4 1 - r pq 2 for correlated states and to the increase in momentum ?p and position ?q variances with increasing of correlation coefficient rpq. We have considered preconditions and methods of formation of correlated coherent states of interacting nuclei in non-stationary dynamical systems. It was shown that in real nuclear-physical systems at r pq 2 ? 1 very sharp growth (up to a factor of 1030–10100 and more!) of Coulomb barrier penetrability at very low energy of interacting particles is possible. Several successful low-energy correlated-induced fusion experiments are discussed.

Vladimir I. Vysotskii; Stanislav V. Adamenko; Mykhaylo V. Vysotskyy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

The high energy emission from black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The origin of the high energy emission (X-rays and gamma-rays) from black holes is still a matter of debate. We present new evidence that hard X-ray emission in the low/hard state may not be dominated by thermal Comptonization. We present an alternative scenario for the origin of the high energy emission that is well suited to explain the high energy emission from GRO J1655-40.

M. D. Caballero-Garcia; J. M. Miller; E. Kuulkers

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

387

Advanced, High Power, Next Scale, Wave Energy Conversion Device...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advanced, High Power, Next Scale, Wave Energy Conversion Device Advanced, High Power, Next Scale, Wave Energy Conversion Device Advanced, High Power, Next Scale, Wave Energy...

388

Muons from high-energy cosmic photino  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The muon production at photino-nucleon $$(\\bar \\gamma \\mathcal{N})$$ interaction for high-energy photino (E?)104GeV)...

V. S. Berezinsky; E. V. Bugaev; E. S. Zaslavskaya

389

Making glue in high energy nuclear collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss a real time, non-perturbative computation of the transverse dynamics of gluon fields at central rapidities in very high energy nuclear collisions.

Alex Krasnitz; Raju Venugopalan

1999-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

390

High-Powered Lasers for Clean Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

extremely high temperatures and pressures. The controlled release of fusion, or thermonuclear energy, in the laboratory remains an alluring goal due to its potential as a...

391

DOE High Energy Physics Reports | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

DOE DOE High Energy Physics Reports High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources SC Graduate Fellowship Program: HEP 2010 Awardees External link Quick Links DOE High Energy Physics Reports HEP Sponsored Workshops and Conferences Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » News & Resources DOE High Energy Physics Reports Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page The following are DOE High Energy Physics Reports for projects under construction and experiments operating using accelerators as well as

392

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 17 FEBRUARY 2013 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS2541 Electron acceleration to relativistic energies at a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to relativistic energies at a strong quasi-parallel shock wave A. Masters1 *, L. Stawarz1 , M. Fujimoto1,2 , S. J. Coates8,9 , P. Canu6 and M. K. Dougherty3 Electrons can be accelerated to ultrarelativistic energies a supernova1­3 . Collisionless shock waves also form in the flow of particles from the Sun (the solar wind

Loss, Daniel

393

Service Members Aim High -- for Energy Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Service Members Aim High -- for Energy Savings Service Members Aim High -- for Energy Savings Service Members Aim High -- for Energy Savings February 22, 2010 - 12:32pm Addthis Joshua DeLung What does this mean for me? Service members are helping reduce our dependency on oil, and saving taxpayers' money, with their energy-saving efforts. Operation Change Out has cut $26.3 million in total energy costs and helped prevent more than 396 lbs. of carbon dioxide. Reducing our dependency on foreign oil means finding ways to harness the power of renewable energy sources, but it also means saving energy whenever and wherever possible. The Americans charged with keeping the country safe are now helping the U.S. reach its energy savings goals by taking small, important steps. "Operation Change Out: The Military Challenge" is a campaign asking

394

Service Members Aim High -- for Energy Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Service Members Aim High -- for Energy Savings Service Members Aim High -- for Energy Savings Service Members Aim High -- for Energy Savings February 22, 2010 - 12:32pm Addthis Joshua DeLung What does this mean for me? Service members are helping reduce our dependency on oil, and saving taxpayers' money, with their energy-saving efforts. Operation Change Out has cut $26.3 million in total energy costs and helped prevent more than 396 lbs. of carbon dioxide. Reducing our dependency on foreign oil means finding ways to harness the power of renewable energy sources, but it also means saving energy whenever and wherever possible. The Americans charged with keeping the country safe are now helping the U.S. reach its energy savings goals by taking small, important steps. "Operation Change Out: The Military Challenge" is a campaign asking

395

Theory of factors limiting high gradient operation of warm accelerating structures  

SciTech Connect

This final report summarizes the research performed during the time period from 8/1/2010 to 7/31/2013. It consists of two parts describing our studies in two directions: (a) analysis of factors limiting operation of dielectric-loaded accelerating (DLA) structures where the main problem is the occurrence of multipactor on dielectric surfaces, and (b) studies of effects associated with either RF magnetic or RF electric fields which may cause the RF breakdown in high-gradient metallic accelerating structures. In the studies of DLA structures, at least, two accomplishments should be mentioned: the development of a 3D non-stationary, self-consistent code describing the multipactor phenomena and yielding very good agreement with some experimental data obtained in joint ANL/NRL experiments. In the metallic structures, such phenomena as the heating and melting of micro-particles (metallic dust) by RF electric and magnetic fields in single-shot and rep-rate regimes is analyzed. Also, such processes in micro-protrusions on the structure surfaces as heating and melting due to the field emitted current and the Nottingham effect are thoroughly investigated with the account for space charge of emitted current on the field emission from the tip.

Nusinovich, Gregory S. [University of Maryland; Antonsen, Thomas M. [University of Maryland; Kishek, Rami [University of Maryland

2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

396

Accelerating an Water Maser Face-on Jet from a High Mass Young Stellar Object  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on a long-term single-dish and VLBI monitoring for intermittent flare activities of a Dominant Blue-Shifted H$_{2}$O Maser (DBSM) associated with a southern high mass young stellar object, G353.273+0.641. Bi-weekly single-dish monitoring using Hokkaido University Tomakomai 11-m radio telescope has shown that a systematic acceleration continues over four years beyond a lifetime of individual maser features. This fact suggests that the H$_{2}$O maser traces a region where molecular gas is steadily accelerated. There were five maser flares during five-years monitoring, and maser distributions in four of them were densely monitored by the VLBI Exploration of Radio Astrometry (VERA). The overall distribution of the maser features suggests the presence of a bipolar jet, with the 3D kinematics indicating that it is almost face-on (inclination angle of $\\sim$ 8$^{\\fdg}$--17$^{\\fdg}$ from the line-of-sight). Most of maser features were recurrently excited within a region of 100$\\times$100 AU$^{2}$ around the...

Motogi, Kazuhito; Honma, Mareki; Hirota, Tomoya; Hachisuka, Kazuya; Niinuma, Kotaro; Sugiyama, Koichiro; Yonekura, Yosinori; Fujisawa, Kenta

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Laser Fusion Energy The High Average Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laser Fusion Energy and The High Average Power Program John Sethian Naval Research Laboratory Dec for Inertial Fusion Energy with lasers, direct drive targets and solid wall chambers Lasers DPPSL (LLNL) Kr posters Snead Payne #12;Laser(s) Goals 1. Develop technologies that can meet the fusion energy

398

Gridless, very low energy, high-current, gaseous ion source  

SciTech Connect

We have made and tested a very low energy gaseous ion source in which the plasma is established by a gaseous discharge with electron injection in an axially diverging magnetic field. A constricted arc with hidden cathode spot is used as the electron emitter (first stage of the discharge). The electron flux so formed is filtered by a judiciously shaped electrode to remove macroparticles (cathode debris from the cathode spot) from the cathode material as well as atoms and ions. The anode of the emitter discharge is a mesh, which also serves as cathode of the second stage of the discharge, providing a high electron current that is injected into the magnetic field region where the operating gas is efficiently ionized. In this discharge configuration, an electric field is formed in the ion generation region, accelerating gas ions to energy of several eV in a direction away from the source, without the use of a gridded acceleration system. Our measurements indicate that an argon ion beam is formed with an energy of several eV and current up to 2.5 A. The discharge voltage is kept at less than 20 V, to keep below ion sputtering threshold for cathode material, a feature which along with filtering of the injected electron flow, results in extremely low contamination of the generated ion flow.

Vizir, A. V.; Oks, E. M. [High Current Electronics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk 634055 (Russian Federation); State University of Control Systems and Radioelectronics, Tomsk 634050 (Russian Federation); Shandrikov, M. V.; Yushkov, G. Yu. [High Current Electronics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk 634055 (Russian Federation)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

399

Critical current and instability threshold measurement of Nb3Sn cables for high field accelerator magnets  

SciTech Connect

Rutherford-type cables made of high critical current Nb{sub 3}Sn strands are being used in several laboratories for developing new generation superconducting magnets for present and future accelerators and upgrades. Testing of cable short samples is an important part of these R&D programs and the instability problem found in some short model magnets at Fermilab made these tests even more significant. Fermilab in collaboration with BNL, CERN and LBNL has developed sample holders and sample preparation infrastructure and procedures for testing Nb{sub 3}Sn cable short samples at BNL and CERN test facilities. This paper describes the sample holders, sample preparation and instrumentation, and test results. Several samples made of MJR or PIT strands 1 mm in diameter have been tested. Some samples were unstable (i.e. quenched at low transport currents) at low fields and reached the critical surface at higher fields.

Ambrosio, G.; Andreev, N.; /Fermilab; Bartlett, S.E.; /LBL, Berkeley; Barzi, E.; /Fermilab; Denarie, C.-H.; /CERN; Dietderich, D.; /LBL, Berkeley; Ghosh, A.K.; /Brookhaven; Verweij, A.P.; /CERN; Zlobin, A.V.; /Fermilab

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

High Temperature | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Temperature Temperature Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Sanyal Temperature Classification: High Temperature Dictionary.png High Temperature: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Sanyal Temp Classification This temperature scheme was developed by Sanyal in 2005 at the request of DOE and GEA, as reported in Classification of Geothermal Systems: A Possible Scheme. Extremely Low Temperature Very Low Temperature Low Temperature Moderate Temperature High Temperature Ultra High Temperature Steam Field Reservoir fluid between 230°C and 300°C is considered by Sanyal to be "high temperature." "Above a temperature level of 230°C, the reservoir would be expected to become two-phase at some point during exploitation. The next higher

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Energy Department Announces National Geothermal Data System to Accelerate Geothermal Energy Development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The National Geothermal Data System is online open-source platform that facilitates the discovery and use of geothermal data. It will help address one of the greatest barriers to development and deployment of this promising clean energy source.

402

Department of Energy Awards $338 Million to Accelerate Domestic Geothermal Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced up to $338 million in Recovery Act funding for the exploration and development of new geothermal fields and research into advanced geothermal technologies.

403

Linear induction accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A linear induction accelerator includes a plurality of adder cavities arranged in a series and provided in a structure which is evacuated so that a vacuum inductance is provided between each adder cavity and the structure. An energy storage system for the adder cavities includes a pulsed current source and a respective plurality of bipolar converting networks connected thereto. The bipolar high-voltage, high-repetition-rate square pulse train sets and resets the cavities. 4 figs.

Buttram, M.T.; Ginn, J.W.

1988-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

404

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (DOE) THOMAS JEFFERSON NATIONAL ACCELERATOR FACILITY (JEFFERSON LAB)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- 2014 JSAT Application Package - 2014 JSAT Application Package Page 1 of 6 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (DOE) THOMAS JEFFERSON NATIONAL ACCELERATOR FACILITY (JEFFERSON LAB) JLAB SCIENCE ACTIVITIES FOR TEACHERS (JSAT) ATTENTION ALL 5 th , 6 th AND 8 th GRADE MIDDLE SCHOOL SCIENCE TEACHERS! THIS PROGRAM IS FOR YOU! What is it? JSAT is an after school program for 5 th , 6 th and 8 th grade science teachers designed to build teachers' skills in the physical sciences, funded by the Jefferson Science Associates Initiatives Fund. What will I do? The 2013-2014 program will include interactive activities to enhance physical science instruction at the middle school level and lectures by Jefferson Lab staff on the applications of science. And, yes, teachers WILL receive class sets of some activities!

405

GPU-based acceleration of free energy calculations in solid state physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Obtaining a thermodynamically accurate phase diagram through numerical calculations is a computationally expensive problem that is crucially important to understanding the complex phenomena of solid state physics, such as superconductivity. In this work we show how this type of analysis can be significantly accelerated through the use of modern GPUs. We illustrate this with a concrete example of free energy calculation in multi-band iron-based superconductors, known to exhibit a superconducting state with oscillating order parameter. Our approach can also be used for classical BCS-type superconductors. With a customized algorithm and compiler tuning we are able to achieve a 19x speedup compared to the CPU (119x compared to a single CPU core), reducing calculation time from minutes to mere seconds, enabling the analysis of larger systems and the elimination of finite size effects.

Januszewski, Micha?; Crivelli, Dawid; Gardas, Bart?omiej

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Accelerators for Intensity Frontier Research  

SciTech Connect

In 2008, the Particle Physics Project Prioritization Panel identified three frontiers for research in high energy physics, the Energy Frontier, the Intensity Frontier, and the Cosmic Frontier. In this paper, I will describe how Fermilab is configuring and upgrading the accelerator complex, prior to the development of Project X, in support of the Intensity Frontier.

Derwent, Paul; /Fermilab

2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

407

High energy heavy ion jets emerging from laser plasma generated by long pulse laser beams from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Albuquerque, New Mexico. ~Received 21 February 2005; Accepted 20 April 2005! Abstract High energy heavy ions to the fast ion emission process. The interest in laser plasmas and interaction phenomena of heavy ion beams!. Thus there is a tradition to investigate accelerator related issues like beam transport phenomena

408

High energy density micro plasma bunch from multiple laser interaction with thin target  

SciTech Connect

Three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulation is used to investigate radiation-pressure driven acceleration and compression of small solid-density plasma by intense laser pulses. It is found that multiple impacts by presently available short-pulse lasers on a small hemispheric shell target can create a long-living tiny quasineutral monoenergetic plasma bunch of very high energy density.

Xu, Han [National Laboratory for Parallel and Distributed Processing, College of Computer Science, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China); Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Shanghai 201800 (China); Yu, Wei; Luan, S. X.; Xu, Z. Z. [Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Shanghai 201800 (China); Yu, M. Y., E-mail: myyu@zju.edu.cn [Physics Department, Institute for Fusion Theory and Simulation, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Institute for Theoretical Physics I, Ruhr University, Bochum D-44780 (Germany); Cai, H. B.; Zhou, C. T. [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088 (China); Yang, X. H.; Yin, Y.; Zhuo, H. B. [College of Science, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha (China); Wang, J. W. [Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Shanghai 201800 (China); Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Murakami, M. [Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)

2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

409

Energy management options for high speed trains  

SciTech Connect

The efficient operation of trains which undergo large changes in energy as they fulfill their operational function requires recapture of the kinetic energy of a high speed train or the potential energy of a train in mountainous terrain. This paper is a description of the various storage options available in the railroad environment and their relative merits. The economic, environmental, and safety issues are discussed. The options discussed include: the physical means of storing energy, the location on board the train or on fixed ground, and the relation of energy storage to the nature of the engine used as a prime mover. It is argued that, in the absence of a fully electric, power supply connected to a utility grid, the gas turbine engine is the best propulsion system to meet the propulsion needs of trains requiring high power and efficiency because its high power to weight ratio enables the use of energy storage.

Decher, R. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

410

Performance of solenoids versus quadrupoles in focusing and energy selection of laser accelerated protons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using laser accelerated protons or ions for various applications—for example in particle therapy or short-pulse radiographic diagnostics—requires an effective method of focusing and energy selection. We derive an analytical scaling for the performance of a solenoid compared with a doublet/triplet as function of the energy, which is confirmed by TRACEWIN simulations. Generally speaking, the two approaches are equivalent in focusing capability, if parameters are such that the solenoid length approximately equals its diameter. The scaling also shows that this is usually not the case above a few MeV; consequently, a solenoid needs to be pulsed or superconducting, whereas the quadrupoles can remain conventional. It is also important that the transmission of the triplet is found only 25% lower than that of the equivalent solenoid. Both systems are equally suitable for energy selection based on their chromatic effect as is shown using an initial distribution following the RPA simulation model by Yan et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 135001 (2009].

Ingo Hofmann

2013-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

411

Accelerating progress toward operational excellence of fossil energy plants with CO2 capture  

SciTech Connect

To address challenges in attaining operational excellence for clean energy plants, the National Energy Technology Laboratory has launched a world-class facility for Advanced Virtual Energy Simulation Training And Research (AVESTARTM). The AVESTAR Center brings together state-of-the-art, real-time, high-fidelity dynamic simulators with operator training systems and 3D virtual immersive training systems into an integrated energy plant and control room environment. This paper will highlight the AVESTAR Center simulators, facilities, and comprehensive training, education, and research programs focused on the operation and control of an integrated gasification combined cycle power plant (IGCC) with carbon dioxide capture.

Zitney, S.; Liese, E.; Mahapatra, P.; Turton, R. Bhattacharyya, D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Computational studies and optimization of wakefield accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-frequency accelerators, offering compactness and ultrafast bunches to extend the frontiers of high energy physics behind recent demonstration of narrow energy spread bunches. Benchmarking between codes is establishing sources to design next-generation experiments and to use in applications in high energy physics and light

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

413

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Accelerating Predictive Simulation of IC Engines with High Performance Computing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about accelerating...

414

Precision Crystal Calorimeters in High Energy Physics  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Precision crystal calorimeters traditionally play an important role in high energy physics experiments. In the last two decades, it faces a challenge to maintain its precision in a hostile radiation environment. This paper reviews the performance of crystal calorimeters constructed for high energy physics experiments and the progress achieved in understanding crystal?s radiation damage as well as in developing high quality scintillating crystals for particle physics. Potential applications of new generation scintillating crystals of high density and high light yield, such as LSO and LYSO, in particle physics experiments is also discussed.

Ren-Yuan Zhu

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

415

Revisit of Energy Use and Technologies of High Performance Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Revisit of Energy Use and Technologies of High PerformanceEnvironmental Energy Technologies Division May 2014 ThisRevisit of Energy Use and Technologies of High Performance

Li Ph.D., Cheng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

High energy mode locked fiber oscillators for high contrast, high energy petawatt laser seed sources  

SciTech Connect

In a high-energy petawatt laser beam line the ASE pulse contrast is directly related to the total laser gain. Thus a more energetic input pulse will result in increased pulse contrast at the target. We have developed a mode-locked fiber laser with high quality pulses and energies exceeding 25nJ. We believe this 25nJ result is scalable to higher energies. This oscillator has no intra-cavity dispersion compensation, which yields an extremely simple, and elegant laser configuration. We will discuss the design of this laser, our most recent results and characterization of all the key parameters relevant to it use as a seed laser. Our oscillator is a ring cavity mode-locked fiber laser [1]. These lasers operate in a self-similar pulse propagation regime characterized by a spectrum that is almost square. This mode was found theoretically [2] to occur only in the positive dispersion regime. Further increasing positive dispersion should lead to increasing pulse energy [2]. We established that the positive dispersion required for high-energy operation was approximately that of 2m of fiber. To this end, we constructed a laser cavity similar to [1], but with no gratings and only 2m of fiber, which we cladding pumped in order to ensure sufficient pump power was available to achieve mode-locked operation. A schematic of the laser is shown in figure 1 below. This laser produced low noise 25nJ pulses with a broad self similar spectrum (figure 2) and pulses that could be de-chirped to <100fs (figure 3). Pulse contrast is important in peta-watt laser systems. A major contributor to pulse contrast is amplified spontaneous emission (ASE), which is proportional to the gain in the laser chain. As the oscillator strength is increased, the required gain to reach 1PW pulses is decreased, reducing ASE and improving pulse contrast. We believe these lasers can be scaled in a stable fashion to pulse energies as high as 100nJ and have in fact seen 60nJ briefly in our lab, which is work still in progress. At this level, even if the pulses are not perfect, post-oscillator pulse cleaning can be used to create a clean high energy pulse for injection into a peta-watt laser beam line.

Dawson, J W; Messerly, M J; An, J; Kim, D; Barty, C J

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

417

High-intensity laser-driven proton acceleration: influence of pulse contrast  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...inset of figure 3. CR-39 nuclear track detector, which is...pump down cycle of the target vacuum chamber. The proton stopping...hadrontherapy with laser ion accelerators. Phys. Lett. A. 299...laser virtual-cathode plasma accelerator. Phys. Rev. Lett. 92...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

High Sheldon Energy Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sheldon Energy Wind Farm Sheldon Energy Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name High Sheldon Energy Wind Farm Facility High Sheldon Energy Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Invenergy Developer Invenergy Energy Purchaser Market Location WY County NY Coordinates 42.721106°, -78.406972° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.721106,"lon":-78.406972,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

419

Beam interaction measurements with a Retarding Field Analyzer in a high-current high-vacuum positively charged particle accelerator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Retarding Field Analyzer (RFA) was inserted in a drift region of the magnetic transport section of the High-Current Experiment (HCX), that is at high-vacuum, to measure ions and electrons resulting from beam interaction with background gas and walls. The ions are expelled during the beam pulse by the space–charge potential and the electrons are expelled mainly at the end of the beam, when the beam potential decays. The ion energy distribution shows the beam potential of ? 2100 V and the beam–background gas total cross-section of 3.1 × 10 - 19 m 2 . The electron energy distribution reveals that the expelled electrons are mainly desorbed from the walls and gain ? 22 eV from the beam potential decaying with time before entering the RFA. Details of the RFA design and of the measured energy distributions are presented and discussed.

M. Kireeff Covo; A.W. Molvik; A. Friedman; J.J. Barnard; P.A. Seidl; B.G. Logan; D. Baca; J.L. Vujic

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

TabletopAccelerator Breaks`Cold Fusion'Jinx ButWon'tYield Energy,Physicists Say  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TabletopAccelerator Breaks`Cold Fusion'Jinx ButWon'tYield Energy,Physicists Say A crystal with a strange property is at the heart of a clever method for inducing nuclear fusion in a tabletop-sized device-rays for medical therapies. Although the field of room-temperature fusion is littered with scandals and dubious

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Engineering of High Energy Cathode Materials  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Engineering of High energy cathode material K. Amine (PI) H. Wu, I. Belharouak, Y.K. Sun Argonne National Laboratory DOE merit review May 14-18 , 2012 This presentation does not...

422

Terrestrial Effects of High Energy Cosmic Rays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On geological timescales, the Earth is likely to be exposed to higher than the usual flux of high energy cosmic rays (HECRs) from astrophysical sources such as nearby supernovae, gamma ray bursts or by galactic shocks. ...

Atri, Dimitra

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

423

High Performance Buildings Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

High Performance Buildings Database High Performance Buildings Database Jump to: navigation, search The High Performance Buildings Database (HPBD), developed by the United States Department of Energy and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, is "a unique central repository of in-depth information and data on high-performance, green building projects across the United States and abroad."[1] Map of HPBD entries Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":1000,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"-","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026

424

A report on high-energy physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...their subject "high-energy particle physics," and their goal...the energy of the interacting particles (Fig. 1). There is a trend...Pauli once said, 'What God hath put asunder no man shall...12 leptons. There are the particles that carry the forces, the...

Leon M. Lederman

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Nuclear diffractive structure functions at high energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A future high-energy electron-ion collider would explore the non-linear weakly-coupled regime of QCD, and test the Color Glass Condensate (CGC) approach to high-energy scattering. Hard diffraction in deep inelastic scattering off nuclei will provide many fundamental measurements. In this work, the nuclear diffractive structure function F_{2,A}^D is predicted in the CGC framework, and the features of nuclear enhancement and suppression are discussed.

C. Marquet; H. Kowalski; T. Lappi; R. Venugopalan

2008-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

426

Muon Acceleration R and D  

SciTech Connect

An intense muon source can be built in stages to support a uniquely broad program in high energy physics. Starting with a low-energy cooled muon beam, extraordinarily precise lepton flavor violation experiments are possible. Upgrading the facility with acceleration and a muon storage ring, one can build a Neutrino Factory that would allow a neutrino mixing physics program with unprecedented precision. Adding further acceleration and a collider ring, an energy-frontier muon collider can explore electroweak symmetry breaking and open a window to new physics.

Torun, Yagmur [Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago (United States)

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

427

Pulse - Accelerator Science in Medicine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

t he future of accelerator physics isn’t just for physicists. As in the past, tomorrow’s discoveries in particle accelerator science may lead to unexpected applications for medical diagnosis, healing and the understanding of human biology. t he future of accelerator physics isn’t just for physicists. As in the past, tomorrow’s discoveries in particle accelerator science may lead to unexpected applications for medical diagnosis, healing and the understanding of human biology. Breakthroughs in the technology of superconducting magnets, nanometer beams, laser instrumentation and information technology will give high-energy physicists new accelerators to explore the deepest secrets of the universe: the ultimate structure of matter and the nature of space and time. But breakthroughs in accelerator science may do more than advance the exploration of particles and forces. No field of science is an island. Physics, astronomy, chemistry, biology, medicine— all interact in the continuing human endeavor to explore and understand our world and ourselves. Research at high-energy physics laboratories will lead to the next generation of particle accelerators—and perhaps to new tools for medical science.

428

High-order harmonic generation in atomic hydrogen at 248 nm: Dipole-moment versus acceleration spectrum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a study of the high-order harmonic-generation (HG) spectra of atomic hydrogen at 248 nm based on the Fourier transform of the expectation values of the induced dipole moment and acceleration. The calculations were performed by extending a...

Jiang, Tsin-Fu; Chu, Shih-I

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerated aging of roofing surfaces Accelerated aging of roofing surfaces Hugo Destaillats, Ph.D. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory HDestaillats@LBL.gov (510) 486-5897 http://HeatIsland.LBL.gov April 4, 2013 Development of Advanced Building Envelope Surface Materials & Integration of Artificial Soiling and Weathering in a Commercial Weatherometer New York Times, 30 July 2009 2010 2012 Challenge: speed the development of high performance building envelope materials that resist soiling, maintain high solar reflectance, and save energy 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov

430

Utilization of Wind Energy at High Altitude  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ground based, wind energy extraction systems have reached their maximum capability. The limitations of current designs are: wind instability, high cost of installations, and small power output of a single unit. The wind energy industry needs of revolutionary ideas to increase the capabilities of wind installations. This article suggests a revolutionary innovation which produces a dramatic increase in power per unit and is independent of prevailing weather and at a lower cost per unit of energy extracted. The main innovation consists of large free-flying air rotors positioned at high altitude for power and air stream stability, and an energy cable transmission system between the air rotor and a ground based electric generator. The air rotor system flies at high altitude up to 14 km. A stability and control is provided and systems enable the changing of altitude. This article includes six examples having a high unit power output (up to 100 MW). The proposed examples provide the following main advantages: 1. Large power production capacity per unit - up to 5,000-10,000 times more than conventional ground-based rotor designs; 2. The rotor operates at high altitude of 1-14 km, where the wind flow is strong and steady; 3. Installation cost per unit energy is low. 4. The installation is environmentally friendly (no propeller noise). -- * Presented in International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference at Providence., RI, Aug. 16-19. 2004. AIAA-2004-5705. USA. Keyword: wind energy, cable energy transmission, utilization of wind energy at high altitude, air rotor, windmills, Bolonkin.

Alexander Bolonkin

2007-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

431

Temperature-Accelerated Method for Exploring Polymorphism in Molecular Crystals Based on Free Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ability of certain organic molecules to form multiple crystal structures, known as polymorphism, has important ramifications for pharmaceuticals and high energy materials. Here, we introduce an efficient molecular dynamics method for rapidly identifying and thermodynamically ranking polymorphs. The new method employs high temperature and adiabatic decoupling to the simulation cell parameters in order to sample the Gibbs free energy of the polymorphs. Polymorphism in solid benzene is revisited, and a resolution to a long-standing controversy concerning the benzene II structure is proposed.

Tang-Qing Yu and Mark E. Tuckerman

2011-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

432

Accelerators and the Accelerator Community  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of electrostatic accelerators, while Ernest O. Lawrence (CBP 820 LBNL TBA ACCELERATORS ANDTHE ACCELERATOR COMMUNITY 1 ANDREW SESSLER Lawrence Berkeley

Malamud, Ernest

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Effect of the energy spectrum of an electron source on the attraction of the electrons into the accelerating mode in a betatron  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy spread of the electrons in a betatron has a stabilizing influence on the motion of the beam at all stages of the accelerating cycle. The possibility of electrons with a variety of energies being cap...

V. V. Evstigneev; G. V. Milyutin

1974-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Accelerated Synchrotron X-ray Diffraction Data Analysis on a Heterogeneous High Performance Computing System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The analysis of synchrotron X-ray Diffraction (XRD) data has been used by scientists and engineers to understand and predict properties of materials. However, the large volume of XRD image data and the intensive computations involved in the data analysis makes it hard for researchers to quickly reach any conclusions about the images from an experiment when using conventional XRD data analysis software. Synchrotron time is valuable and delays in XRD data analysis can impact decisions about subsequent experiments or about materials that they are investigating. In order to improve the data analysis performance, ideally to achieve near real time data analysis during an XRD experiment, we designed and implemented software for accelerated XRD data analysis. The software has been developed for a heterogeneous high performance computing (HPC) system, comprised of IBM PowerXCell 8i processors and Intel quad-core Xeon processors. This paper describes the software and reports on the improved performance. The results indicate that it is possible for XRD data to be analyzed at the rate it is being produced.

J Qin; M A Bauer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

High pressure--high temperature research using high energy synchrotron radiation at the TRISTAN accumulation ring  

SciTech Connect

High energy synchrotron radiation emitted from the bending magnet of the TRISTAN accumulation ring (6.5 GeV) at the National Laboratory for High Energy Physics has been used for the high pressure--high temperature diffraction experiments using a multianvil press system, MAX80. Owing to the specific features of high energy synchroton radiation, significant improvements have been brought to the high pressure research. The wide energy range of diffraction spectrum leads to an increase in the number of observable diffraction peaks in an energy-dispersive method, resulting in an increase in the accuracy of the measurements of the lattice and thermal parameters. Due to the high penetrating power of radiation, diffraction patterns can be taken in a short time from materials containing heavy elements or materials surrounded by a metal foil. Typical examples of high pressure--high temperature experiments with high energy synchrotron radiation are also described.

Kikegawa, T.; Shimomura, O.; Iwasaki, H.; Sato, S.; Mikuni, A.; Iida, A.; Kamiya, N.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Astronomy with ultra high-energy particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent measurements of the properties of cosmic rays above 10^17 eV are summarized and implications on our contemporary understanding of their origin are discussed. Cosmic rays with energies exceeding 10^20 eV have been measured, they are the highest-energy particles in the Universe. Particles at highest energies are expected to be only marginally deflected by magnetic fields and they should point towards their sources on the sky. Recent results of the Pierre Auger Observatory have opened a new window to the Universe - astronomy with ultra high-energy particles.

Joerg R. Hoerandel

2008-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

437

High Winds Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Winds Wind Farm Winds Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name High Winds Wind Farm Facility High Winds Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner NextEra Energy Resources Developer NextEra Energy Resources Energy Purchaser PPM Energy Inc Location Solano County CA Coordinates 38.124844°, -121.764915° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.124844,"lon":-121.764915,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

438

High Energy Particles in the Solar Corona  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Collective Ampere law interactions producing magnetic flux tubes piercing through sunspots into and then out of the solar corona allow for low energy nuclear reactions in a steady state and high energy particle reactions if a magnetic flux tube explodes in a violent event such as a solar flare. Filamentous flux tubes themselves are vortices of Ampere currents circulating around in a tornado fashion in a roughly cylindrical geometry. The magnetic field lines are parallel to and largely confined within the core of the vortex. The vortices may thereby be viewed as long current carrying coils surrounding magnetic flux and subject to inductive Faraday and Ampere laws. These laws set the energy scales of (i) low energy solar nuclear reactions which may regularly occur and (ii) high energy electro-weak interactions which occur when magnetic flux coils explode into violent episodic events such as solar flares or coronal mass ejections.

A. Widom; Y. N. Srivastava; L. Larsen

2008-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

439

High Energy Particles in the Solar Corona  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Collective Ampere law interactions producing magnetic flux tubes piercing through sunspots into and then out of the solar corona allow for low energy nuclear reactions in a steady state and high energy particle reactions if a magnetic flux tube explodes in a violent event such as a solar flare. Filamentous flux tubes themselves are vortices of Ampere currents circulating around in a tornado fashion in a roughly cylindrical geometry. The magnetic field lines are parallel to and largely confined within the core of the vortex. The vortices may thereby be viewed as long current carrying coils surrounding magnetic flux and subject to inductive Faraday and Ampere laws. These laws set the energy scales of (i) low energy solar nuclear reactions which may regularly occur and (ii) high energy electro-weak interactions which occur when magnetic flux coils explode into violent episodic events such as solar flares or coronal mass ejections.

Widom, A; Larsen, L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Proposal for a High Energy Nuclear Database  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose to develop a high-energy heavy-ion experimental database and make it accessible to the scientific community through an on-line interface. This database will be searchable and cross-indexed with relevant publications, including published detector descriptions. Since this database will be a community resource, it requires the high-energy nuclear physics community's financial and manpower support. This database should eventually contain all published data from Bevalac, AGS and SPS to RHIC and LHC energies, proton-proton to nucleus-nucleus collisions as well as other relevant systems, and all measured observables. Such a database would have tremendous scientific payoff as it makes systematic studies easier and allows simpler benchmarking of theoretical models to a broad range of old and new experiments. Furthermore, there is a growing need for compilations of high-energy nuclear data for applications including stockpile stewardship, technology development for inertial confinement fusion and target and ...

Vogt, D A B R

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Develop high energy high power Li-ion battery cathode materials : a first principles computational study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

develop the high energy high power cathode materials for LIBNew Cathode Material for Batteries of High- Energy Density.High Energy High Power Li-ion Battery Cathode Materials A

Xu, Bo; Xu, Bo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Non-Invasive Beam Detection in a High-Average Power Electron Accelerator  

SciTech Connect

For a free-electron laser (FEL) to work effectively the electron beam quality must meet exceptional standards. In the case of an FEL operating at infrared wavelengths in an amplifier configuration the critical phase space tends to be in the longitudinal direction. Achieving high enough longitudinal phase space density directly from the electron injector system of such an FEL is difficult due to space charge effects, thus one needs to manipulate the longitudinal phase space once the beam energy reaches a sufficiently high value. However, this is fraught with problems. Longitudinal space charge and coherent synchrotron radiation can both disrupt the overall phase space, furthermore, the phase space disruption is exacerbated by the longitudinal phase space manipulation process required to achieve high peak current. To achieve and maintain good FEL performance one needs to investigate the longitudinal emittance and be able to measure it during operation preferably in a non-invasive manner. Using the electro-optical sampling (EOS) method, we plan to measure the bunch longitudinal profile of a high-energy (~120-MeV), high-power (~10kW or more FEL output power) beam.

Williams, J. [Colorado State U.; Biedron, S. [Colorado State U.; Harris, J. [Colorado State U.; Martinez, J. [Colorado State U.; Milton, S. V. [Colorado State U.; Van Keuren, J. [Colorado State U.; Benson, Steve V. [JLAB; Evtushenko, Pavel [JLAB; Neil, George R. [JLAB; Zhang, Shukui [JLAB

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Argonne Accelerator Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ZGS -- Zero Gradient Synchrotron (operation: 1963 - 1979) ZGS -- Zero Gradient Synchrotron (operation: 1963 - 1979) The ZGS was a 12 GeV weak-focusing proton synchrotron. It was the first high energy physics accelerator located between the U.S. coasts. The ZGS was also the first synchrotron to accelerate spin polarized protons and the first to use H-minus injection. Other noteworthy features of the ZGS program were the large number of university-based users and the pioneering development of large superconducting magnets for bubble chambers and beam transport. References - Document Access Guide History of the ZGS, Argonne, 1979, American Institute of Physics, AIP Conference Proceedings No. 60 (1980). (Located in the Argonne Research Library) High Energy Physics at Argonne National Laboratory, A. Crewe, R.

444

Energy calibration at high-energy photon colliders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Calibration of the absolute energy scale at high-energy photon (gamma-gamma, gamma-electron) colliders is discussed. The luminosity spectrum at photon colliders is broad and has a rather sharp high-energy edge, which can be used, for example, to measure the mass of the Higgs boson in the process gamma-gamma to H or masses of charged scalars by observing the cross-section threshold. In addition to the precise knowledge of the edge energy of the luminosity spectrum, it is even more important to have a way to calibrate the absolute energy scale of the detector. At first sight, Compton scattering itself provides a unique way to determine the beam energies and produce particles of known energies that could be used for detector calibration. The energy scale is given by the electron mass m_e and laser photon energy \\omega_0. However, this does not work at realistic photon colliders due to large nonlinear effects in Compton scattering at the conversion region (\\xi^2 \\sim 0.3). It is argued that the process gamma-elec...

Telnov, V I

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Margaretta High School | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Margaretta High School Margaretta High School Jump to: navigation, search Name Margaretta High School Facility Margaretta High School Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Margaretta High School Energy Purchaser Margaretta High School Location Castalia OH Coordinates 41.39923794°, -82.80122995° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.39923794,"lon":-82.80122995,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

446

Bellevue High School | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bellevue High School Bellevue High School Jump to: navigation, search Name Bellevue High School Facility Bellevue High School Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Bellevue High School Energy Purchaser Bellevue High School Location Bellevue WA Coordinates 41.28241024°, -82.84591019° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.28241024,"lon":-82.84591019,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

447

A high-order accurate accelerated direct solver for acoustic scattering from surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe an accelerated direct solver for the integral equations which model low-frequency acoustic scattering from curved surfaces. Surfaces are specified via a collection of smooth parameterizations given...

James Bremer; Adrianna Gillman; Per-Gunnar Martinsson

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Acceleration Techniques for Discrete-Ordinates Transport Methods with Highly Forward-Peaked Scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

deterministic method. The Diffusion Synthetic Acceleration (DSA), usually used to speed up the calculation when the scattering is weakly anisotropic, is inefficient for electron transport. This led Morel and Manteuffel to develop a one-dimensional angular...

Turcksin, Bruno 1985-

2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

449

A High Intensity Linear e+ e- Collider Facility at Low Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I discuss a proposal for a high intensity $e^+e^-$ linear collider operated at low center of mass energies $\\sqrt{s}intensity beams. Such a facility would provide high statistics samples of (charmed) vector mesons and would permit searches for LFV with unprecedented precision in decays of $\\tau$ leptons and mesons. Implications on the design of the linear accelerator are discussed together with requirements to achieve luminosities of $10^{35}$ cm$^{-2}$s$^{-1}$ or more.

A. Schoning

2006-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

450

THE UPGRADED YALE MP TANDEM ACCELERATOR A. W. Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1345 THE UPGRADED YALE MP TANDEM ACCELERATOR K. SATO A. W. Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory Yale. Substantial improvements have becii made to the accelerator tube and beam line vacuum by the addi- tion of 2 the vacuum at the low-energy and high energy ends of the accelerator is typically 5 x 10-g torr. Largely

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

451

Exploring the Universe with Very High Energy Neutrinos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the discovery of a high-energy neutrino flux in the 0.1 PeV to PeV range from beyond the Earth's atmosphere with the IceCube detector, neutrino astronomy has achieved a major breakthrough in the exploration of the high-energy universe. One of the main goals is the identification and investigation of the still mysterious sources of the cosmic rays which are observed at Earth with energies up to several $10^5$ PeV. In addition to being smoking-gun evidence for the presence of cosmic rays in a specific object, neutrinos escape even dense environments and can reach us from distant places in the universe, thereby providing us with a unique tool to explore cosmic accelerators. This article summarizes our knowledge about the observed astrophysical neutrino flux and current status of the search for individual cosmic neutrino sources. At the end, it gives an overview of plans for future neutrino telescope projects.

Kappes, A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

The Boeing photocathode accelerator magnetic pulse compression and energy recovery experiment  

SciTech Connect

An 18 MeV, photocathode accelerator operating at 433 MHz is being commissioned for FEL applications. The accelerator consists of a two-cell RF photocathode imjector followed by four new multicell cavities. The two cell injector has previously been operated at a micropulse repetition frequency of 27 MHz, a micropulse charge of 5 nC and 25% duty factor.

Dowell, D.H.; Adamski, J.L.; Hayward, T.D. [Boeing Defense and Space Group, Seattle, WA (United States)] [and others

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

453

Accelerators, Electrodynamics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science and Innovation Capabilities Accelerators, Electrodynamics science-innovationassetsimagesicon-science.jpg Accelerators, Electrodynamics National security depends...

454

High-Energy-Density Plasmas, Fluids  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High-Energy-Density Plasmas, Fluids High-Energy-Density Plasmas, Fluids /science-innovation/_assets/images/icon-science.jpg High-Energy-Density Plasmas, Fluids National security depends on science and technology. The United States relies on Los Alamos National Laboratory for the best of both. No place on Earth pursues a broader array of world-class scientific endeavors. TRIDENT target chamber Sasi Palaniyappan, right, and Rahul Shah left inside a target chamber where the TRIDENT short pulse laser is aimed at a very thin diamond- foil target, a fraction of a micrometer thick. The laser delivers a power on target of 150 Terawatts focused into a 7 micrometer spot, yielding laser brilliance over 100 times more intense than needed to make the target electrons fully relativistic. These experiments test novel methods of producing intense

455

Targets for R&D on Nb3Sn conductor for High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Energy Physics has been consistently pushing the performance of technical superconductors, for the benefit of high field magnet technology. So far the workhorse for particle accelerators has been Nb-Ti, but the practical performance limit has been attained with the LHC. Calls for higher beam luminosity (e.g. HL-LHC), and higher beam energy (e.g. FCC), demand a transition from Nb-Ti to Nb3Sn, presently the only practical candidate material offering the required high field performance. This paper provides a summary of desirable properties and performance targets for Nb3Sn to satisfy the challenging magnet specifications for upgrades of existing and future HEP accelerators.

Ballarino, A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

A high energy photon polarimeter for astrophysics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A high-energy photon polarimeter for astrophysics studies in the energy range from 20 MeV to 1000 MeV is considered. The proposed concept uses a stack of silicon micro-strip detectors where they play the roles of both a converter and a tracker. The purpose of this paper is to outline the parameters of such a polarimeter and to estimate the productivity of measurements. Our study supported by a Monte Carlo simulation shows that with a one-year observation period the polarimeter will provide 5.5 % accuracy of the polarization degree for a photon energy of 100 MeV, which would be a significant advance relative to the currently explored energy range of a few MeV. The proposed polarimeter design could easily be adjusted to the specific photon energy range to maximize efficiency if needed.

Eingorn, Maxim; Vlahovic, Branislav; Wojtsekhowski, Bogdan; Urciuoli, Guido Maria; De Persio, Fulvio; Meddi, Franco

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Glueball Production in High Energy e+e- Collision  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Pathways in High Energy Physics-Perlmutter A., ed. (1977) New York: Plenum Press...Interactions at High Energies. 8) Fermi E...Pathways in High Energy Physics, ed. A...Plenum Press, New York, 1977). 6) D......

Ei-ichiro Kawai

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Solar wind energy transfer regions inside the dayside magnetopause: Accelerated heavy ions as tracers for MHD-processes in the dayside boundary layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plasma and magnetic field data from PROGNOZ-7 have revealed that solar wind (magnetosheath) plasma elements may penetrate the dayside magnetopause surface and form high density regions with enhanced cross-field flow in the boundary layer. The injected magnetosheath plasma is observed to have an excess drift velocity as compared to the local boundary layer plasma, comprising both “cold” plasma of terrestrial origin and a hot ring current component. A differential drift between two plasma components can be understood in terms of a momentum transfer process driven by an injected magnetosheath plasma population. The braking action of the injected plasma may be described as a dynamo process where particle kinetic energy is transferred into electromagnetic energy (electric field). The generated electric field will force the local plasma to ?×B-drift, and the dynamo region therefore also constitutes an accelerator region for the local plasma. Whenever energy is dissipated from the energy transfer process (a net current is flowing through a load), there will also be a difference between the induced electric field and the v×B term of the generator plasma. Thus, the local plasma will drift more slowly than the injected generator plasma. We will present observations showing that a relation between the momentum transferred, the injected plasma and the momentum taken up by the local plasma exists. For instance, if the local plasma density is sufficiently high, the differential drift velocity of the injected and local plasma will be small. A large fraction of the excess momentum is then transferred to the local plasma. Conversely, a low local plasma density results in a high velocity difference and a low fraction of local momentum transfer. In our study cases the “cold” plasma component was frequently found to dominate the local magnetospheric plasma density in the boundary layer. Accordingly, this component may have the largest influence on the local momentum transfer process. We will demonstrate that this also seems to be the case. Moreover we show that the accelerated “cold” plasma component may be used as a tracer element reflecting both the momentum and energy transfer and the penetration process in the dayside boundary layer. The high He+ percentage of the accelerated “cold” plasma indicates a plasmaspheric origin. Considering the quite high densities of energetic He+ found in the boundary layer, the overall low abundance of He+ (as compared to e.g. O+) found in the plasma sheet and outer ring current evidently reduces the importance of the dayside boundary layer as a plasma source in the large scale magnetospheric circulation system.

R. Lundin; E.M. Dubinin

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Electron Acceleration Experiments by Using a Density-tapered Capillary Plasma Source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed a density-tapered capillary plasma source for high energy electron generation by using the laser wakefield acceleration, where the dephasing problem will be...

Suk, Hyyong; Nam, Inhyuk; Kim, Minseok; Lee, Seungwoo; Lee, Taehee

460

Modeling of 10 GeV-1 TeV laser-plasma accelerators using Lorentz boosted simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling of 10 GeV-1 TeV laser-plasma accelerators using Lorentz boosted simulations J.-L. Vay,1,a-plasma wakefield accelerators in an optimal frame of reference [J.-L. Vay, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 130405 (2007 of plasma accelerators to very high energies and accurately models the laser evolution and the accelerated

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

High Plains Tech Center | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tech Center Tech Center Jump to: navigation, search Name High Plains Tech Center Facility High Plains Tech Center Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner High Plains Tech Center Energy Purchaser High Plains Tech Center Location Woodward OK Coordinates 36.40645133°, -99.4282195° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.40645133,"lon":-99.4282195,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

462

Innovative High Energy Density Capacitor Design Offers Potential...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

like TroyCap's High Density Energy Nanolaminate Capacitor (HEDCAP) that may offer new clean energy applications to meet the nation's strategic energy goals and secure...

463

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic Spectrometer, Dark Energy Survey, Palomar Transientform the basis for dark energy surveys. Unlike high-redshiftDark Energy Mission (JDEM) and the Large Synoptic Sky Survey (

Gerber, Richard A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

High energy bosons do not propagate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the propagation of bosons (scalars, gauge fields and gravitons) at high energy in the context of the spectral action. Using heat kernel techniques, we find that in the high-momentum limit the quadratic part of the action does not contain positive powers of the derivatives. We interpret this as the fact that the two point Green functions vanish for nearby points, where the proximity scale is given by the inverse of the cutoff.

M. A. Kurkov; Fedele Lizzi; Dmitri Vassilevich

2013-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

465

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: High Energy Lithium...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

High Energy Lithium Batteries for PHEV Applications Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: High Energy Lithium Batteries for PHEV Applications Presentation given by...

466

Additives and Cathode Materials for High-Energy Lithium Sulfur...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Additives and Cathode Materials for High-Energy Lithium Sulfur Batteries Additives and Cathode Materials for High-Energy Lithium Sulfur Batteries 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

467

Novel and Optimized Materials Phases for High Energy Density...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Novel and Optimized Materials Phases for High Energy Density Batteries Novel and Optimized Materials Phases for High Energy Density Batteries 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

468

Interface Modifications by Anion Acceptors for High Energy Lithium...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modifications by Anion Acceptors for High Energy Lithium Ion Batteries. Interface Modifications by Anion Acceptors for High Energy Lithium Ion Batteries. Abstract: Li-rich, Mn-rich...

469

TEMPO-based Catholyte for High Energy Density Nonaqueous Redox...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TEMPO-based Catholyte for High Energy Density Nonaqueous Redox Flow Batteries. TEMPO-based Catholyte for High Energy Density Nonaqueous Redox Flow Batteries. Abstract: We will...

470

Energy Efficiency Opportunities in Federal High Performance Computing...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Opportunities in Federal High Performance Computing Data Centers Energy Efficiency Opportunities in Federal High Performance Computing Data Centers Case study...

471

Webinar: ENERGY STAR Hot Water Systems for High Performance Homes...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Webinar: ENERGY STAR Hot Water Systems for High Performance Homes Webinar: ENERGY STAR Hot Water Systems for High Performance Homes This presentation is from the Building America...

472

Energy-Efficient Melting and Direct Delivery of High Quality...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy-Efficient Melting and Direct Delivery of High Quality Molten Aluminum Energy-Efficient Melting and Direct Delivery of High Quality Molten Aluminum itmdelivery.pdf More...

473

Evaluation of Thermal to Electrical Energy Conversion of High...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Thermal to Electrical Energy Conversion of High Temperature Skutterudite-Based Thermoelectric Modules Evaluation of Thermal to Electrical Energy Conversion of High Temperature...

474

Nanostructured High-Temperature Bulk Thermoelectric Energy Conversion...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Nanostructured High-Temperature Bulk Thermoelectric Energy Conversion for Efficient Automotive Waste Heat Recovery Nanostructured High-Temperature Bulk Thermoelectric Energy...

475

Highly Energy Efficient Directed Green Liquor Utilization (D...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Highly Energy Efficient Directed Green Liquor Utilization (D-GLU) Pulping Highly Energy Efficient Directed Green Liquor Utilization (D-GLU) Pulping This factsheet describes a...

476

High Energy Density Laboratory Plasmas Program | National Nuclear...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Photo Gallery Jobs Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home High Energy Density Laboratory Plasmas Program High Energy Density Laboratory Plasmas Program...

477

Applications of High Energy Ion Beam Techniques in Environmental...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High Energy Ion Beam Techniques in Environmental Science: Investigation Associated with Glass and Ceramic Waste Applications of High Energy Ion Beam Techniques in Environmental...

478

Heavy Flavors in High Energy ep Collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most recent measurements of open charm and beauty production in high energy ep collisions at HERA are reviewed. The measurements explored the different aspects of quantum chromodynamics involved in the process of heavy flavor production. The results are compared with perturbative theoretical calculations at next-to-leading order.

Meng Wang

2005-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

479

Ultra- and extremely high energy neutrino astronomy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scientific motivations for ultra- and extremely high energy neutrino astronomy are considered. Sources and expected fluxes of EHE/UHE neutrinos are briefly discussed. Operating and planned experiments on astrophysical neutrino detection are reviewed focusing on deep underwater/ice Cherenkov neutrino telescopes.

I. Sokalski

2005-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

480

HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS SEMINAR, 19931996 1993 Seminars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS SEMINAR, 1993­1996 1993 Seminars 10/4 Joseph Boudreau Measuring the Z 0 from ZEUS University of Wisconsin 10/25 Thomas E. Browder Unsolved Problems in B Physics Cornell Ecole Normale Superieure 4/4 Naoya Hata Solar Neutrinos: Hint for Neutrino Mass University

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "high energy accelerators" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Density Estimation Trees in High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Density Estimation Trees can play an important role in exploratory data analysis for multidimensional, multi-modal data models of large samples. I briefly discuss the algorithm, a self-optimization technique based on kernel density estimation, and some applications in High Energy Physics.

Anderlini, Lucio

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Status of (US) high energy physics networking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The current status of networking to and between computers used by the high energy physics community is discussed. Particular attention is given to developments over the last year and to future prospects. Comparison between the current status and that of two years ago indicates that considerable strides have been made but that much remains to be done to achieve an acceptable level of functionality.

H.E. Montgomery

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Status of (US) High Energy Physics Networking  

SciTech Connect

The current status of Networking to and between computers used by the High Energy Physics community is discussed. Particular attention is given to developments over the last year and to future prospects. Comparison between the current status and that of two years ago indicates that considerable strides have been made but that much remains to be done to achieve an acceptable level of functionality.

Montgomery, H.E.

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Correlations in the high-energy photoeffect  

SciTech Connect

We examine correlations in high-energy photoeffect, utilizing a perturbative treatment of the effects beyond the independent particle approximation (IPA) in the high-energy photoionization of states with arbitrary values of the angular momenta l. The dominant mechanism of IPA breaking is discussed. The dependence of IPA breaking contributions on the parameters 1/Z and {alpha}Z is analyzed. In the general case the amplitude is expressed as a linear combination of IPA amplitudes. The development of precise experiments, together with the demonstration that there is substantial cancellation among the nonrelativistic partial correlations amplitudes in many cases, particularly for ground-state atoms, makes a relativistic approach to the problem desirable, even at relatively low values of photon energy.

Drukarev, E. G. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, St. Petersburg 188300 (Russian Federation); Pratt, R. H. [University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States)

2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

485

High Energy Studies of Pulsar Wind Nebulae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The extended nebulae formed as pulsar winds expand into their surroundings provide information about the composition of the winds, the injection history from the host pulsar, and the material into which the nebulae are expanding. Observations from across the electromagnetic spectrum provide constraints on the evolution of the nebulae, the density and composition of the surrounding ejecta, the geometry of the systems, the formation of jets, and the maximum energy of the particles in the nebulae. Here I provide a broad overview of the structure of pulsar wind nebulae, with specific examples that demonstrate our ability to constrain the above parameters. The association of pulsar wind nebulae with extended sources of very high energy gamma-ray emission are investigated, along with constraints on the nature of such high energy emission.

Patrick Slane

2008-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

486

High Energy Studies of Pulsar Wind Nebulae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The extended nebulae formed as pulsar winds expand into their surroundings provide information about the composition of the winds, the injection history from the host pulsar, and the material into which the nebulae are expanding. Observations from across the electromagnetic spectrum provide constraints on the evolution of the nebulae, the density and composition of the surrounding ejecta, the geometry of the systems, the formation of jets, and the maximum energy of the particles in the nebulae. Here I provide a broad overview of the structure of pulsar wind nebulae, with specific examples that demonstrate our ability to constrain the above parameters. The association of pulsar wind nebulae with extended sources of very high energy gamma-ray emission are investigated, along with constraints on the nature of such high energy emission.

Slane, Patrick

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

A Global Review of Incentive Programs to Accelerate Energy-Efficient Appliances and Equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

implemented to meet the energy supplier obligation. Utilityrequires domestic energy suppliers to avoid the emission of

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

ULTRA-LOW-ENERGY HIGH-CURRENT ION SOURCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ULTRA-LOW-ENERGY HIGH-CURRENT ION SOURCE (ULEHIIS) Materialenergy, high-intensity ion source (ULEHIIS) for materials

Anders, Andre

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

RHIC | Accelerator Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RHIC Accelerators RHIC Accelerators The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider complex is actually composed of a long "chain" of particle accelerators Heavy ions begin their travels in the Electron Beam Ion Source accelerator (1). The ions then travel to the small, circular Booster (3) where, with each pass, they are accelerated to higher energy. From the Booster, ions travel to the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (4), which then injects the beams via a beamline (5) into the two rings of RHIC (6). In RHIC, the beams get a final accelerator "kick up" in energy from radio waves. Once accelerated, the ions can "orbit" inside the rings for hours. RHIC can also conduct colliding-beam experiments with polarized protons. These are first accelerated in the Linac (2), and further in the Booster (3), AGS (4), and

490

Market Acceleration (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The fact sheet summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its market acceleration subprogram.

Not Available

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Proposal for a High Energy Nuclear Database  

SciTech Connect

We propose to develop a high-energy heavy-ion experimental database and make it accessible to the scientific community through an on-line interface. This database will be searchable and cross-indexed with relevant publications, including published detector descriptions. Since this database will be a community resource, it requires the high-energy nuclear physics community's financial and manpower support. This database should eventually contain all published data from Bevalac and AGS to RHIC to CERN-LHC energies, proton-proton to nucleus-nucleus collisions as well as other relevant systems, and all measured observables. Such a database would have tremendous scientific payoff as it makes systematic studies easier and allows simpler benchmarking of theoretical models to a broad range of old and new experiments. Furthermore, there is a growing need for compilations of high-energy nuclear data for applications including stockpile stewardship, technology development for inertial confinement fusion and target and source development for upcoming facilities such as the Next Linear Collider. To enhance the utility of this database, we propose periodically performing evaluations of the data and summarizing the results in topical reviews.

Brown, David A.; Vogt, Ramona