National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for herb toor csaba

  1. An integrated architecture for motioncontrol and pathplanning Csaba Szepesv'ari z y and Andr'as Lorincz y \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szepesvari, Csaba

    An integrated architecture for motion­control and path­planning Csaba Szepesv'ari z y and Andr'as L: the ANN formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3 Architecture and functioning 8 3 the gradient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.3 The extended architecture

  2. Medicinal Herb REFERENCES AND FURTHER READING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doudna, Jennifer A.

    and Relieving Cough ­ In Chinese medicine, phlegm is the pathological accumulation of thick fluid in the respiratory and digestive tracts, as well as in the muscles and other body tissue. Symptoms include coughing menstruation; 3) Stagnant Lung Qi leading to wheezing cough and constriction in the chest. 9. Herbs

  3. Organic Greenhouse Container Herb Production in South Florida: Fertilizer and Potting Media1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Migliaccio, Kati White

    ABE 373 Organic Greenhouse Container Herb Production in South Florida: Fertilizer and Potting Media climate and high number of pest and disease pressures. Thus, greenhouse production of organic herbs may and fertilizers for organic herb production in greenhouses in this climate. Objectives Greenhouse trials were

  4. Curriculum Vitae Peter Csaba Olveczky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ã?lveczky, Peter Csaba

    steam-boiler control specification. In Abrial, B¨orger, and Langmaack (eds.), Formal Methods for Industrial Applications. Specifying and Programming the Steam Boiler Control. LNCS State-of-the-Art Survey

  5. Photo Gallery Photo 1. Flowering plant of the early-blooming, mountain forest understory herb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medrano, Mónica

    Photo Gallery Photo 1. Flowering plant of the early-blooming, mountain forest understory herb Helleborus foetidus (Ranunculaceae). Inflorescences are produced in early winter, each bearing 20­75 flowers

  6. -SIMULATED EFFECTS OF HERB COMPETITION ON PLANTED QUERCUS FAGINEA -213 Applied Vegetation Science 6: 213-222, 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espigares, Tíscar

    ) biomass production of herbs. The TC treatment re- duced water availability more than the BGC treatment, in agreement with the most pronounced water stress in seedlings under TC conditions. BGC and TC treatments cropland. We produced three types of environment with respect to herb competition: absence of competition

  7. Perilla frutescens (Labiatae) with some wild species,1) whose leaves and shoots are used as a food, medicinal herb,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    .9% sabinene, 19.8% linalool and 5.5% limonene. As for the extraction of reaction products, we performed SPME, medicinal herb, natural pigment and spice in Japan, China, Korea and Vietnam, and whose mericarps are also (solid phase micro extraction) as well as conven- tional solvent extraction, and compared these two

  8. Validation of the fast neutron spectrum in the coupled fast-thermal system HERBE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Avdic, S.; Pesic, M.; Marinkovic, P.

    1995-12-31

    Methods applied in the calculation and interpretation of the measurements of the fast neutron spectrum in the NERBE coupled fast-thermal system are validated in this paper. When advantages and disadvantages of a He-filled semi-conductor-sandwich detector are compared to other neutron detectors, the former is found more appropriate. The neutron detection is based on the reaction {sup 3}He(n,p)T + 0.764 MeV and simultaneous detection of the reaction products in the silicon diodes. The pulses from the diodes are amplified and shaped in separate {open_quotes}energy{close_quotes} channels and summed to produce a single pulse with height proportional to the energy of the incident neutron plus the Q value of the reaction. A well-known measuring system of the He neutron spectrometer is used for the HERBE fast neutron spectrum measurement and calibration in a thermal neutron field.

  9. Advances in the Characterization of Phosphorus in Organic Wastes. (S11-toor687116-oral)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    ground waters. The typical approach used by land managers to characterize P in organic wastes, recent research has begun to advance our knowledge of the speciation of P in organic wastes by applying new analytical methodologies to P characterization (e.g., nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), X

  10. Standard Guide for Irradiation of Dried Spices, Herbs, and Vegetable Seasonings to Control Pathogens and Other Microorganisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2004-01-01

    1.1 This guide covers procedures for irradiation of dried spices, herbs, and vegetable seasonings for microbiological control. Generally, these items have moisture content of 4.5 to 12 % and are available in whole, ground, chopped, or other finely divided forms, or as blends. The blends may contain sodium chloride and minor amounts of dry food materials ordinarily used in such blends. 1.2 This guide covers absorbed doses ranging from 3 to 30 kiloGray (kGy). Note 1—U.S. regulations permit a maximum dose of 30 kGy. (See 21CFR 179.26 Irradiation in the Production, Processing and Handling of Food.) 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

  11. Statisztikai programcsomagok 2 0/0/2/f/2 Trgyfelel s: Sndor Csaba

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ráth, Balázs

    , Budapest, 2005 S+ vagy R Felhasználói útmutató (a programcsomaggal együtt letölthet ) Statistical program. Introduction to the S+ and R Program Packages and surveying the novel algorithmic models not available Publishers, Budapest, 2005 S+ or R User's Guide (together with the program package) #12;

  12. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Kelsie Priest, Lahiru Chandrawansa, Leon Lam, Manjot Toor, Marcel Olsthoorn, Mike Kai Hin Lam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    design is performed for the Green Café, which focuses on three major engineering disciplines, namely for the Green Café Design. For the other two components of the project, only conceptual designs were completed........................................................................................................... 3 4.0 Green Café Design

  13. Vegetable & Herb Disease Control Products for Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Mark; Hess, Jesus F.

    1999-12-17

    Mushroom ..............................37 Okra ................................37 Onion and Relatives [chive, eschalot, garlic, leek, onion, scallion, shallot, etc.] ........................38 Pepper ...............................42 Potato...

  14. Coal home heating and environmental tobacco smoke in relation to lower respiratory illness in Czech children, from birth to 3 years of age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    the 3-year follow-up, pediatric nurses contacted families toor nurses abstracted medical data from birth and pediatric

  15. A Biophysical Study of Integral Membrane Protein Folding John F. Hunt,, Thomas N. Earnest,|, Olaf Bousche,| Krishna Kalghatgi,3,# Karlyne Reilly,,O Csaba Horvath,3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Biophysical Study of Integral Membrane Protein Folding John F. Hunt,,§ Thomas N. Earnest,|, Olaf on the process of integral membrane protein folding and assembly, we have conducted a biophysical dissection suggest that the folding of R-helical integral membrane proteins may proceed spontaneously. However

  16. Herbs and Clearcutting: Reply to Elliot and Loftis and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, David Cameron

    microtopographic gradients (e.g., Bratton 1976;Peterson et al. 1990). We can dull Occam's razor with fur- ther ". ..depends on the dif- ference in R. maximum composi- tion.. .";and that "not sampling the entire community

  17. Well Herb Oils Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company)Idaho)Vossloh KiepeWebel Micro Power JVWeiserWelivit

  18. Managing Your Energy: An ENERGY STAR(R) Guide for Identifying Energy Savings in Manufacturing Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worrell, Ernst

    2010-01-01

    system. Back- pressure steam turbines, which may be used toor back-pressure steam turbine. Many systems may produceof back-pressure turbines. Excess steam generation can be

  19. Hydrogen Energy Stations: Poly-Production of Electricity, Hydrogen, and Thermal Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipman, Timothy; Brooks, Cameron

    2006-01-01

    shaving and backup power, and the station is expected toor “onsite power”), energy stations offer a potentially moreCharacteristics of Energy Station Power Technologies Low/

  20. The short- and long-run effects of the vector grocery store consumer price information program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boynton, Robert D.; Perloff, Jeffrey M

    1982-01-01

    more useful to consumers Hho differ from the average is toor specific item prices. People Hho find it di fficult to

  1. Aalborg Universitet Remote and Centralized Monitoring of PV Power Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sera, Dezso

    Aalborg Universitet Remote and Centralized Monitoring of PV Power Plants Kopacz, Csaba; Spataru., & Kerekes, T. (2014). Remote and Centralized Monitoring of PV Power Plants. In Proceedings of the 14th from vbn.aau.dk on: juli 04, 2015 #12;Remote and Centralized Monitoring of PV Power Plants Csaba Kopacz

  2. Sumatran rice and miracle herbs: Local and international natural knowledge in late-colonial Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brockmann, Sophie

    2014-01-01

    themselves to bringing ‘Enlightenment’ and ‘improvement’ to the region through natural history and other ‘useful arts’. Articles published in the Economic Society’s newspaper, the Gazeta de Guatemala, show that a socially and geographically wider network...

  3. The Role of Allelopathy, Heat, and Charred Wood in the Germination of Chaparral Herbs1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on the effect of heating, at temperatures similar to those found in fire, and tests with wood ash alone failed

  4. Microsoft PowerPoint - Herb_Presentation 6-10-09 (2).ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on darkMicroorganisms toPalladium/28/2008Hentschel Chief,

  5. DEMOCRACY OVER A BARREL: OIL, REGIME CHANGE AND WAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karl, Terry

    2008-01-01

    turn, have been able to use oil rents as a central mechanismhigh levels of dependence on oil rents have always tended toor already in place, oil rents, (and by this I mean the

  6. Pronominal System and Reference in Pulaar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ba, Ibrahima

    2015-12-20

    This paper examines pronominal reference and the long-distance anaphor in Pulaar, a West African language spoken from Senegal to Niger and Cameroon. I am focusing on Toore, a dialect of Pulaar spoken in southern Senegal. ...

  7. The Healer and Other Stories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meier, Carol Dorothy

    2014-01-01

    video he'd seen. "Your porn addiction is very boring," sheliked to tell her about various porn he'd watched and try toor interested in Kent's porn talk. If Marlin could get

  8. Aluminum sulfate (alum; Al2 O) is used as a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    forms (phytic acid, polyphosphates, and monoesters) in alum- and non-alum­amended poultry litter. When increases. Overall, alum-amended litters exhibited higher proportions of Al-bound P species and phytic acid: inositol phosphates, sugar phosphates, nucleic acids, and phospholipids (Bar- nett, 1994a;Toor et al., 2006

  9. Shortest Path Discovery Problems: A Framework, Algorithms and Experimental Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szepesvari, Csaba

    Shortest Path Discovery Problems: A Framework, Algorithms and Experimental Results Csaba Szepesv characterize some common properties of sound SPD algorithms, propose a partic- ular algorithm that is shown of the approach whereas the pro- posed algorithm is shown to yield a substantial speed-up of the recognition

  10. Tuning bandit algorithms in stochastic environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szepesvari, Csaba

    Tuning bandit algorithms in stochastic environments Jean-Yves Audibert1 and R´emi Munos2 and Csaba@cs.ualberta.ca Abstract. Algorithms based on upper-confidence bounds for balancing exploration and exploitation a variant of the basic algorithm for the stochastic, multi-armed bandit problem that takes into account

  11. Kernel Machine Based Feature Extraction Algorithms for Regression Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szepesvari, Csaba

    Kernel Machine Based Feature Extraction Algorithms for Regression Problems Csaba Szepesv´ari 1 and Andr´as Kocsor and Korn´el Kov´acs 2 Abstract. In this paper we consider two novel kernel machine based performance of the algorithm. The second algo- rithm combines kernel machines with average derivative

  12. An Object-Oriented Algebraic Steam-Boiler Control Specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ã?lveczky, Peter Csaba

    An Object-Oriented Algebraic Steam-Boiler Control Specification Peter Csaba ()lveczky, Poland Abstract. In this paper an object-oriented algebraic solution of the steam-boiler specification Introduction The steam-boiler control specification problem has been proposed as a challenge for different

  13. An ObjectOriented Algebraic SteamBoiler Control Specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ã?lveczky, Peter Csaba

    An Object­Oriented Algebraic Steam­Boiler Control Specification Peter Csaba Ë? Olveczky 1# , Piotr, Poland Abstract. In this paper an object­oriented algebraic solution of the steam­boiler specification Introduction The steam­boiler control specification problem has been proposed as a challenge for di

  14. DIMACS Technical Report 9844 September 1998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DIMACS Technical Report 98­44 September 1998 List Update Problem by B'ela Csaba 1 Sachin Lodha 2 1 in practice we may expect some kind of ``pattern'' in the incoming requests. 1.4 Results Hence, in this report amount of time [RW­96] #12; -- 2 -- 2 Preliminaries Let L denote a doubly linked list containing n

  15. Relating Clusterization Measures and Software Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beszedes, Árpád

    Relating Clusterization Measures and Software Quality Béla Csaba, Lajos Schrettner, Árpád Beszédes clusters and software quality. Such attempts are hindered by a number of difficulties: there are problems in assessing the quality of software, measuring the degree of clusterization of software and finding the means

  16. December 31, 2010 18:54 Optimization Methods and Software griewank Optimization Methods and Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schichl, Hermann

    for Global Optimization in the COCONUT Environment Hermann Schichl and Mih´aly Csaba Mark´ot. Universit on the algorithmic differentiation methods implemented in the COCONUT Environment for global nonlinear optimization. The COCONUT Environment represents each factorable optimization problem as a directed acyclic graph (DAG

  17. myjournal manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schichl, Hermann

    optimization in the COCONUT Environment Mih´aly Csaba Mark´ot, Hermann Schichl Faculty of Mathematics. The method originates from a small standalone software and is implemented in the COCONUT Environment studies (see, e.g. [13­15]). The COCONUT Environ- ment [4], developed under the leadership of H. Schichl

  18. Faculty Grading of Quantitative Problems: Are Values Consistent with Practice? Heather L. Petcovic, Herb Fynewever, Charles Henderson, Jacinta M. Mutambuki, and Jeffrey A. Barney

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Charles

    to deduct points from solutions that may be correct Value 3: tendency to project correct thinking onto in a student solution but then grade in a way that either: · penalizes students for showing reasoning because hidden internal values conflict with expressed values, and develop the construct of "burden

  19. Prediction of Protein DomainTypes by Backpropagation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szepesvari, Csaba

    Prediction of Protein Domain­Types by Backpropagation J'anos Murvai 1 , Csaba Szepesv'ari 1 , Csan'ad Bachrati 4 and S'andor Pongor 2;3 1 MTA­JATE Research Group on Artificial Intelligence, Szeged 6720, Aradi vrt. tere 1. Hungary 2 ABC Institute for Biochemistry and Protein Research, 2100 G¨od¨oll�o, Hungary 3

  20. ONLINE DATA SUPPLEMENT 1. Specimen voucher information and GenBank accession numbers for 63 mtSSU and 62 nuLSU sequences included in this study. Sequences in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutzoni, François M.

    , Gilenstam 2603a (UPS) AY661673 AY661683 Cryptodiscus gloeocapsa Czech Republic, 16-02-2002 Palice (herb

  1. 2009 Sun-Yat-Sen University Applied Math. Dept. package tour Discover the beauty of Taiwan......

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Ngai-Ching

    . Japanese started to plante medicinal herbs such as Quinine Sulfate in the mountain of Chihpen and Taimali

  2. Discover the beauty of Taiwan...... 2-day Trip to National Scenic Area of Huadong Eastern Coast & Rift Valley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Ngai-Ching

    . Japanese started to plante medicinal herbs such as Quinine Sulfate in the mountain of Chihpen and Taimali

  3. Assessment of the Web using Genetic Programming Reginald L. Walker \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    ``sassafras tea'' as the basis. Excite/ AltaVista NetCenter HotBot Infoseek LookSmart Yahoo! ``sassafras tea'' 336 91 0 126 337 73 +``sassafras tea'' +herb 66 21 0 5 66 0 ``sassafras tea'' NEAR herb 143311 ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ 143311 ­ ­ ``sassafras tea'' OR herb 555226 ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ 555226 ­ ­ ``sassafras tea'' AND herb 679028

  4. College of Agricultural Sciences Cooperative Extension HarvestingandPreservingHerbsandSpices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guiltinan, Mark

    and Storing After harvesting, leaves and whole plants should be rinsed in cold water and patted dry. Herbs and, harvest, and preserve their own. The method used for harvesting herbs and spices is dependent on the plant for definitions of herbs and spices and additional historical information. Harvesting · Tools for harvesting can

  5. Assessment of the Web using Genetic Programming Reginald L. Walker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    for each search engine using sassafras tea" as the basis. Excite AltaVista NetCenter HotBot Infoseek LookSmart Yahoo! sassafras tea" 336 91 0 126 337 73 + sassafras tea" +herb 66 21 0 5 66 0 sassafras tea" NEAR herb 143311 - - - - - - 143311 - - sassafras tea" OR herb 555226 - - - - - - 555226 - - sassafras tea

  6. About Us | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment of EnergyResearchers atDay 12: Drive5Leadership8:00PM MST toorAbout

  7. About Us | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment of EnergyResearchers atDay 12: Drive5Leadership8:00PM MST toorAboutto

  8. Wednesday, February 11th Luncheon Hadley Room, Lincoln Campus Center Noon 1PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Baby Green Salad~Garlic and Herb Roasted Airline Chicken Breast~ ~Roasted Czajkowski Farm Potatoes~ Mixed Berry Cobbler with Maple Farms Ice Cream~Tea

  9. Fermilab Today

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    marinated pork tenderloin with pineapple salsa - Green rice - Margarita cake with key lime cream cheese frosting Friday, March 6 Dinner - Avgolemono soup - Herb-crusted lamb...

  10. THANKSGIVING ACROSS, AMERICA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    reserved) Salt and freshly ground pepper Stuffing (if desired; if not, use onion, apple and herbs for the cavity) Z tablespoons dark unsulfured molasses 2 tablespoons soy...

  11. Revised July 2008 4-H Food Preservation Record

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    , tomato) Pressure Canning (meat, poultry, fish, vegetable, tomato) Drying (fruit, vegetable, meat, herbs sugar, freezer) Freezing (fruit, vegetable, meal, main dish) New Skills I Learned in Food Preservation

  12. Teaching Direct Marketing and Small Farm Viability, 2nd Edition. Unit 3 - Community Supported Agriculture (CSA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    food production and marketing can bring. It also shows thatrelating to growing and marketing produce, herbs, and cutdual purpose: as a stable marketing opportunity for growers,

  13. Darwin College hall and formal weekly menus 6TH July 2015 Monday lunch Tuesday lunch Wednesday lunch Thursday lunch Friday lunch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Sophie

    spinach potatoes, Roasted new potatoes Green beans Sugar snaps Medley of vegetables New potatoes with herb Main and street food dishes Main and street food dishes Main and street food dishes High tea Darwin with Thai green prawn curry and noodles Wild mushroom and truffle oil risotto with market herbs Southern

  14. Appendix 1. List of medicinal plants identified by Tamang people from the Chilime Village Development Committee of the Rasuwa district, Central Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asselin, Hugo

    . Infusion taken as tea. 7. Artemisia indica Willd COMPOSITAE Titepati (Np), Chyanchin, Surchent (Tam) Herb, diarrhoea, dysentery, fever. Juice. 12. Bistorta affinis (D. Don) Greene POLYGONACEAE Muakui (Tam) Herb Root, leaf Diarrhoea and dysentery. Paste drunk as tea in the morning. 13. Cannabis sativa L. CANNABACEAE

  15. Formal hall menus 23rd Guest night 23rd October and Christmas formals 9th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Gispert, Adrià

    quail egg and chive dressing Starter Jasmine tea smoked duck, golden raisin and apple compote and greens Main course Olive oil poached fillet of Scottish salmon, green herb risotto, beans, Main course

  16. DINING.UMD.EDU WELCOME TO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Ning

    AND GLUTEN-FREE CHOICES HAND-DIPPED UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND DAIRY SMALL BATCH ICE CREAM INCREDIBLE ETHNIC AND SALADS CRISP VEGETABLES, WHOLE GRAINS, FRESH HERBS AND COMFORT FOODS MEAT-FREE, DAIRY-FREE, NUT-FREE

  17. Safe Storage of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Amanda

    2008-09-05

    Proper storage of fresh fruits and vegetables can help consumers avoid foodborne illness. This publication explains how to safely store apples, bananas, berries, beets, broccoli, carrots, corn, grapes, herbs, lettuce and greens, melons, nectarines...

  18. K Basins Sludge Treatment Project Phase 1

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Readiness Assessment Report Herb G. Sutter Michael Poirier Art W. Etchells Gary Smith Kris Thomas Jim J. Davis Paul Macbeth November 16, 2009 Prepared by the U.S....

  19. October 10, 2012 Postdoctoral Fellows funded by the BCSC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prigozhin, Leonid

    . Sales, James Rhodes Univ. FAIABD/Dryl. Biotechnologies Calcium metabolism in marine (2001) South Africa-herbivor (2001) Ecology, India Bertrand Boeken ratio between herbs and grasses productivity gradient. 16

  20. Phylogenetics and Biogeography of Aichryson Inferred from Chloroplast DNA Sequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Leary, Thomas Ryan

    2009-07-02

    Aichryson (Crassulaceae) is a genus of succulent herbs that are endemic to the islands of Macaronesia. The current study provides the best estimate of maternal phylogeny in Aichryson to date. Multiple accessions of various taxa were recovered...

  1. Infrequent older adult-primary care provider discussion and documentation of dietary supplements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jang, DJ; Tarn, DM

    2014-01-01

    Changes in herb and dietary supplement use in the U.S. adultnonmineral dietary supplements in a healthy elderly cohort.multivi- tamin and mineral supplement use to prevent cancer

  2. The response of understory herbaceous plants to nitrogen fertilization in forests of different land-use history

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraterrigo, Jennifer

    Sciences, Mars Hill College, Mars Hill, NC 28754, USA c Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin colonization. We examined the response of six forest herb taxa (Arisaema triphyllum, Cimicifuga racemosa

  3. A Case Study of the Infusion of Bioethics into a Medical School Curriculum 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wakefield, Karen June

    2014-04-25

    the healing of the mind. In addition, the early Mormon religious movement voiced opposi- tion to medical care by physicians. The Mormons accepted only roots and herbs for me- dicinal purposes and supported the right to forgo mandatory smallpox vaccinations...

  4. Wedding Reception Menu Hors d' Oeuvres Buffet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    vegetable platters with dips Coffee, decaf coffee, hot tea, iced tea, and ice water Select six items from include mixed field green platters with a choice of dressings, starch, seasonal vegetable, rolls, butter, coffee, decaf coffee, hot tea, iced tea, and ice water. Winter Park Mediterranean Herbed Chicken Sautéed

  5. INTRODUCTION Records of past environments are important to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    González, Luis A.

    , and most herbs. Both proportion and biomass of C4 plants in North American prairies are highly correlated with mean annual precipitation (Epstein et al, 1997). The 13C values reflect both the proportion (Teeri., 1990) provide continuous, high- resolution 13C records reflecting the ratio of C3 to C4 plants growing

  6. Engineering Platinum ($10,000 and above)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaorui "Ray"

    William Regenold, Jr. (deceased) John and Ann Tickle Charles and Jan VandenBulck Gold ($5,000-$9,999) Anatole Beck Howard and Debra Chambers Dr. Wayne and Sylvia Davis Dr. Herb McCoy, Jr. Dr. Edgar Jeffrey Arnold Ron Averill Raleigh and Mary Beckham William and Zora Bivens Michael and Cynthia Brady T

  7. Human Cytochrome P450 2E1: Functional Comparison to Cytochrome 2A13 and 2A6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blevins, Melanie

    2008-05-05

    for its broad (and in many cases overlaping) range of substrate specificities. Members of the CYP2 family are flxible nough to metabolize many potential toxins (e.g. drugs, herbs, and polutants). The lvels of thes xenobitic-metabolizing CYP450s may...

  8. THE IPM APP FOR PLANT PESTS UConn Extension The IPM app will provide direct access in the field to a database of information on plant pests, help the user identify the plant pest by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demurjian, Steven A.

    THE IPM APP FOR PLANT PESTS ­ UConn Extension The IPM app will provide direct access in the field to a database of information on plant pests, help the user identify the plant pest by comparing photos plants (herbs, vegetables, greens) Nursery and garden center plants: trees, shrubs, and perennials

  9. Jonah L. Larrick Student Center 900 Turpin St

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gough, Christopher M.

    at dining locations on campus. Used cooking oil from VCU Dining is processed and converted into clean. The garden is mixed use and garden beds can be rented for a low cost by the month or by the year. Faculty, staff, and students can rent beds and grow their own organic flowers, herbs, and vegetables

  10. Appendix 30 Fire Effects on Key Ecological Processes in Forested

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appendix 30 Fire Effects on Key Ecological Processes in Forested Ecosystems The following paragraphs on fire effects on forest succession are from Stickney (1982) Forest Succession ...the severity of the pre-disturbance forest herb species also demonstrated the ability to survive fire, particularly those

  11. The Pulse Protocol: Energy Efficient Infrastructure Access

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awerbuch, Baruch

    The Pulse Protocol: Energy Efficient Infrastructure Access Baruch Awerbuch, David Holmer, herb}@cs.jhu.edu Abstract-- We present the Pulse protocol which is designed for multi-hop wireless. The Pulse protocol utilizes a periodic flood initiated at the network gateways which provides both routing

  12. Forensic Bite Mark Identification Using Image Processing Glenn Flora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuceryan, Mihran

    of candidate dental models. The results are compared to identification results by human forensic odontologyForensic Bite Mark Identification Using Image Processing Methods Glenn Flora Department of Computer@iupui.edu Herb Blitzer Indiana Forensic Institute 338 South Arlington Ave, Suite 111 Indianapolis, IN 46219, USA

  13. Healthy Foods, Healthy Lives Institute Spring 2011 Grants Awarded

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    and selling fresh fruits, vegetables, roots, herbs, and traditional crops at markets across the region, and to help them to market to broader commercial markets. This project, with the guidance of a farmer advisory will be a community assessment and strategic plan for a healthy Native-owned retail grocery store ("Good Heart Grocery

  14. Gerard's Herbal The OED defines the word `herbal' (n) as: `a book containing the names and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, E. Victor

    Burghley. He was clearly very fond of this garden, because in 1596 he published a list of all the plants and unlearned people'10 into thinking they were mandrakes. Most of the plants listed in the Herbal are supplied and descriptions of herbs, or of plants in general, with their properties and virtues; a treatise in plants

  15. Introduction Neutral grasslands occur throughout the UK on soils where the pH is within

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Introduction Neutral grasslands occur throughout the UK on soils where the pH is within the range 5 by grasses and herbs (Figure 1). The term `neutral', although indicative of soil pH, is more correctly descriptive of the species assemblage being neither markedly `calcifuge' (thriving in acid soils) nor

  16. A 16 000-year record of vegetational change in south-western Alaska as inferred from plant macrofossils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Feng Sheng

    , Vaccinium and Salix prevailed on the landscape before ca. 14 000 cal a BP. The shift from herb- to shrub-dominated tundra (Salix, subsequent Betula expansion) possibly reflects climatic warming at the beginning viridis ssp. crispa, Salix) between 10 000 and 4000 cal a BP. This Holocene vegetation type is comparable

  17. American Mineralogist, Volume 93, pages 698701, 2008 0003-004X/08/0004698$05.00/DOI: 10.2138/am.2008.2827 698

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Downs, Robert T.

    suggests that natural hydroxyl-bästnasite-(Nd) is most likely isotypic with hydroxyl and references therein). Among all REE-bearing mineral resources in the world, bästna- site, (REE)CO3F060283; http://rruff.info), donated by Herb Obodda. The chemical composition was determined

  18. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service Reportto the People

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    , stimulated our local economy by: keeping people at work by educating and certifying workers in the food service, forestry and agriculture industries. keeping costs and waste down by teaching property owners: Vegetable Gardening, Organic Gardening, Making Compost and Mulch, Herb Gardening, Growing Blueberries, Figs

  19. Authoritarianism in the Conversation of Gestures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herb, Terry R.; Elliott Jr., Robert E.

    1971-10-01

    AUTHORITARIANISM IN THE CONVERSATION OF GESTURES* Terry R. Herb and Robert F. Elliott, Jr. University of Alabama in Huntsville Current studies of attitudes have relied upon written responses and the most obvious form of communication, the verbal... appropriate to intensify nonverbal communication. As Goffman (1961: 106-110) has observed, the individual may perform the activities proscribed by the role but disidentify himself from it. The~ctof separating oneself from a role is termed role distance...

  20. International Bibliography of Vegetation Maps 2nd Edition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ku?chler, A. W. (August William)

    1980-01-01

    . Parana-Uruguay c. Patagonia d. Mountain e. Marsh IV. Bushlands 8. a. Humid mountains b. Arid mountains c. Intermontanc valley d. Patagonia e. Inner coastal desert V. Deserts 9. a. Peruvian-Chilean b. Lomas c. Venezuelan sand-dunes d. Salt.... Bunch grasses, annual grasses and herbs, and shrubs 1. Tola heath puna 2. Paramo grassland: grasses 3. Tundra: low shrubs, mosses VI. Desert A. Coastal desert of Peru and Chile B. Fog vegetation of Peru Coast (lomas vegetation). Predominantly...

  1. Uses and misuses of bioclimatic envelope modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Araú jo, Miguel B.; Peterson, A. Townsend

    2012-07-01

    effects of global warming on biodiversity. BioScience 57:227–236. Bourg, N. A., W. J. McShea, and D. E. Gill. 2005. Putting a CART before the search: successful habitat prediction for a rare forest herb. Ecology 86:2793–2804. Breiman, L. 2001. Random...:131–144. Colwell, R. K., G. Brehm, C. L. Cardelu´s, A. C. Gilman, and J. T. Longino. 2008. Global warming, elevational range shifts, and lowland biotic attrition in the wet tropics. Science 322:258–261. de Siqueira, M. F., G. Durigan, P. de Marco Ju´nior, and A. T...

  2. Pueblo of Jemez Geothermal Feasibility Study Fianl Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S.A. Kelley; N. Rogers; S. Sandberg; J. Witcher; J. Whittier

    2005-03-31

    This project assessed the feasibility of developing geothermal energy on the Pueblo of Jemez, with particular attention to the Red Rocks area. Geologic mapping of the Red Rocks area was done at a scale of 1:6000 and geophysical surveys identified a potential drilling target at a depth of 420 feet. The most feasible business identified to use geothermal energy on the reservation was a greenhouse growing culinary and medicinal herbs. Space heating and a spa were identified as two other likely uses of geothermal energy at Jemez Pueblo. Further geophysical surveys are needed to identify the depth to the Madera Limestone, the most likely host for a major geothermal reservoir.

  3. The development of a passive dosimeter for chlorine gas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montier, Earl Woodson

    1981-01-01

    I'HE DEVELOPMENT OF A PASSIVE DOSIMETER FOR CHLORINE GAS A Thesis EARL WOODSON MONTIER, JR. Submitt* d to the Graduate College of Texas A&M Cniversity in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 198... Major Subject: Industrial Hygiene THE DEVELOPNENT CF A PASSIVE DOSII'%TER FOR CHLORINE GAS A Tbesis EARL %GODSON NONTIER JR. Appcoved as to style and content by: Chainman Co ttee ad of Depart ent 7 g Herbe' i'iembe December 981 ABSTRA CT...

  4. Newsfront 17 - 23 March 2008, Issue 58

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    has promised to compensate for the loss accrued to the school as a result of this theft. The company has taken a vast stretch of land in the outskirts of the capital to grow herbs. It was found using a pump-set and drilling machine using... , the irrigation and public infrastructure are only benefiting the landlords. They would say, if the government is going to redistribute land to us, the public money should be spent to help the landlords start business in the city. But once you compensate landlords...

  5. Nation Weekly May 23, 2004, Volume 1, Number 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Upadhyay, Akhilesh

    of painting. 32 Ram Man Dai By Sanjeev Uprety Ram Man Dai’s search for an all-purpose medical panacea began in 1960 when he started experimenting with various combinations of ghee, local herbs like saldhoop and gokuldhoop and fitkiri to create Himali Malam... the beginning of Jet Airways services in Nepal. Jet Airways, a private Indian air- line company, will have daily flights between Kathmandu and Delhi. One-way tickets for the economy class will cost Rs. 6,824 and Rs. 8,856 for business class. Euro 2004 Euro 2004...

  6. A new method for measurement of safety rod drop times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pesic, M.; Stefanovic, D. ); Marinkovic, P. )

    1992-10-01

    In this paper, a new method for the accurate measurement of safety rod drop times is proposed. It is based on a fast electromagnetic transducer and an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) conected to a computer system. Evaluation of recorded data is conducted by a developed computer code. The first measurements performed at the HERBE fast-thermal RB reactor show that a relative uncertainty (confidence level 95%) of less than 6% can be achieved in determination of rod drop time (with time intervals ranging from 0.4-10.0 s). Further improvements in accuracy are possible.

  7. Wild Game -- Care and Cooking. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klussman, Wallace; Tribble, Marie; Mason, Louise; Reasonover, Frances; Cox, Maeona

    1963-01-01

    gamey flavor. t n 3 tablespoons minced onion Y2 cup mushrooms, sliced Y8 teaspoon crushed sage Y8 teaspoon crushed thyme Y8 teaspoon savory 6 strips bacon h p 2 pheasants, about 21;2 pounds each 2 teaspoons salt I Y2 cups long-grain rice 3 cups water 1... and mushroom and cook about 10 minutes. Add to rice along with herbs. Stuff bird lightly. Extra stuffing may be baked in a greased, covered casserole last 30 minutes of roasting time. Truss birds. See page 15. Brush birds with melted butter or margarine...

  8. Structure–inhibition relationship of ginsenosides towards UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, Zhong-Ze [The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical University, Jinzhou 121001 (China); Joint Center for Translational Medicine, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences and The first Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical University, No.457, Zhongshan Road, Dalian 116023 (China); Laboratory of Metabolism, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States); Cao, Yun-Feng [Key Laboratory of Contraceptives and Devices Research(NPFPC),Shanghai Engineer and Technology Research Center of Reproductive Health Drug and Devices, Shanghai Institute of Planned Parenthood Research, Shanghai 200032 (China); Joint Center for Translational Medicine, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences and The first Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical University, No.457, Zhongshan Road, Dalian 116023 (China); Hu, Cui-Min [Laboratory of Metabolism, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States); Hong, Mo; Sun, Xiao-Yu [Joint Center for Translational Medicine, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences and The first Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical University, No.457, Zhongshan Road, Dalian 116023 (China); Ge, Guang-Bo; Liu, Yong; Zhang, Yan-Yan; Yang, Ling [Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Resource Discovery, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 116023 Dalian (China); Sun, Hong-Zhi, E-mail: zzfang228@gmail.com [The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical University, Jinzhou 121001 (China)

    2013-03-01

    The wide utilization of ginseng provides the high risk of herb–drug interaction (HDI) with many clinical drugs. The inhibition of ginsenosides towards drug-metabolizing enzymes (DMEs) has been regarded as an important reason for herb–drug interaction (HDI). Compared with the deep studies on the ginsenosides' inhibition towards cytochrome P450 (CYP), the inhibition of ginsenosides towards the important phase II enzymes UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) remains to be unclear. The present study aims to evaluate the inhibition behavior of ginsenosides towards important UGT isoforms located in the liver and intestine using in vitro methods. The recombinant UGT isoform-catalyzed 4-methylumbelliferone (4-MU) glucuronidation reaction was employed as in vitro probe reaction. The results showed that structure-dependent inhibition existed for the inhibition of ginsenosides towards UGT isoforms. To clarify the possibility of in vivo herb–drug interaction induced by this kind of inhibition, the ginsenoside Rg{sub 3} was selected as an example, and the inhibition kinetic type and parameters (K{sub i}) were determined. Rg{sub 3} competitively inhibited UGT1A7, 2B7 and 2B15-catalyzed 4-MU glucuronidation reaction, and exerted noncompetitive inhibition towards UGT1A8-catalyzed 4-MU glucuronidation. The inhibition parameters (K{sub i} values) were calculated to be 22.6, 7.9, 1.9, and 2.0 ?M for UGT1A7, 1A8, 2B7 and 2B15. Using human maximum plasma concentration of Rg{sub 3} (400 ng/ml (0.5 ?M)) after intramuscular injection of 60 mg Rg{sub 3}, the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) was extrapolated to increase by 2.2%, 6.3%, 26.3%, and 25% for the co-administered drugs completely undergoing the metabolism catalyzed by UGT1A7, 1A8, 2B7 and 2B15, respectively. All these results indicated that the ginsenosides' inhibition towards UGT isoforms might be an important reason for ginseng–drug interaction. - Highlights: ? Structure-dependent inhibition of ginsenoside towards UDP-glucuronosyltransferases. ? Rg{sub 3}? inhibition towards UGT isoforms can induce in vivo drug–drug interaction. ? Broadening knowledge on ginsenosides' inhibition towards drug-metabolizing enzymes.

  9. Flora of the Mayacmas Mountains. [Listing of 679 species in the Geysers Geothermal Resource area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neilson, J.A.

    1981-09-01

    This flora describes the plants that occur within the Mayacmas Mountain Range of northern California. It is the result of ten years of environmental assessment by the author in the Geysers Geothermal Resource area, located in the center of the Mayacmas Range. The flora includes notes on plant communities and ecology of the area, as well as habitat and collection data for most of the 679 species covered. Altogether 74 families, 299 genera and 679 species are included in the flora. The work is divided into eight subdivisions: trees; shrubs; ferns and fern allies; aquatic plants; tules, sedges, and rushes; lilies and related plants; dicot herbs; and grasses. Within each subdivision, family, genera and species are listed alphabetically. Keys are provided at the beginning of each subdivision. A unique combination of physical, environmental and geologic factors have resulted in a rich and diverse flora in the Mayacmas. Maps have been provided indicating known locations for species of rare or limited occurrence.

  10. Natural vegetation at the proposed Reference Repository Location in southeastern Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rickard, W.H.

    1988-02-01

    The dominant shrubs were sagebrush and spiny hopsage; the herbs were dominated by cheatgrass and Sandberg bluegrass. Spiny hopsage appeared to be vulnerable to burning and also to damage by off-road vehicular traffic. It appears to have little or no ability to reproduce through seedlings; once the existing plants are killed they are not likely to be replaced, even if seed-producing plants are nearby. The only pure stand of spiny hopsage known to exist on the Hanford Site is on and near study plot 2H. Sagebrush, like spiny hopsage, is killed by burning and by heavy vehicles. Sagebrush is capable of reproducing via seeds, indicating that it is an inherently aggressive species with a capacity to reestablish itself if parent plants are in the vicinity to act as seed sources. Alien, annual plants, especially cheatgrass, were a major contributor to the herbaceous canopy cover in plots 3S, 4S, and 5S. However, native perennial grasses, especially Sandberg bluegrass, were a major contributor to the canopy cover in plots 1S and 2H. These differences are probably caused by differences in soil properties (e.g., water retention capacity), rather than to historical disturbances such as livestock grazing or wildfire. Specimens of Sandwort, Arenaria franklinii, growing near the Reference Repository Location were collected for examination by taxonomists to determine if the specimens are of the variety A. f. thompsonii, a taxon currently listed as threatened in the state of Washington. 16 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

  11. Life-threatening interaction between the root extract of Pueraria lobata and methotrexate in rats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chiang, H.-M.; Fang, S.-H.; Wen, K.-C.; Hsiu, S.-L.; Tsai, Shang-Yuan; Hou, Y.-C.; Chi, Y.-C.; Lee Chao, Pei-Dawn . E-mail: pdlee@mail.cmu.edu.tw

    2005-12-15

    Isoflavone supplements are nowadays widely used as alternative for hormone replacement therapy. However, the safety remains unanswered. This study attempted to investigate the effect of Pueraria lobata root decoction (PLRD), an isoflavone-rich herb, on the pharmacokinetics of methotrexate (MTX), a bicarboxylate antimetabolite with narrow therapeutic window. Rats were orally and intravenously given methotrexate alone and coadministered with PLRD. Blood samples were withdrawn via cardiopuncture at specific time points after drug administration. Serum methotrexate concentrations were assayed by specific monoclonal fluorescence polarization immunoassay method. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using noncompartment model of WINNONLIN for both oral and intravenous data of MTX. Our results showed that coadministration of 4.0 g/kg and 2.0 g/kg of PLRD significantly increased the AUC{sub 0-t} by 207.8% and 127.9%, prolonged the mean residence time (MRT) by 237.8 and 155.2%, respectively, finally resulted in surprisingly high mortalities of 57.1% and 14.3% in rats. When MTX was given intravenously, the coadministration of PLRD at 4.0 g/kg significantly increased the half-life by 53.9% and decreased the clearance by 47.9%. In conclusion, the coadministration of PLRD significantly decreased the elimination and resulted in markedly increased exposure of MTX in rats.

  12. Pipeline corridors through wetlands -- Impacts on plant communities: Little Timber Creek Crossing, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Topical report, August 1991--January 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shem, L.M.; Zimmerman, R.E.; Alsum, S.K.; Van Dyke, G.D. |

    1994-12-01

    The goal of the Gas Research Institute Wetland Corridors Program is to document impacts of existing pipelines on the wetlands they traverse. To accomplish this goal, 12 existing wetland crossings were surveyed. These sites varied in elapsed time since pipeline construction, wetland type, pipeline installation techniques, and right-of-way (ROW) management practices. This report presents results of a survey conducted over the period of August 5--7, 1991, at the Little Timber Creek crossing in Gloucester County, New Jersey, where three pipelines, constructed in 1950, 1960, and 1990, cross the creek and associated wetlands. The old side of the ROW, created by the installation of the 1960 pipeline, was designed to contain a raised peat bed over the 1950 pipeline and an open-water ditch over the 1960 pipeline. The new portion of the ROW, created by installation of the 1990 pipeline, has an open-water ditch over the pipeline (resulting from settling of the backfill) and a raised peat bed (resulting from rebound of compacted peat). Both the old and new ROWs contain dense stands of herbs; the vegetation on the old ROW was more similar to that in the adjacent natural area than was vegetation in the new ROW. The ROW increased species and habitat diversity in the wetlands. It may contribute to the spread of purple loosestrife and affect species sensitive to habitat fragmentation.

  13. A Survey of Vegetation and Wildland Fire Hazards on the Nevada Test Site, September 2004

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bechtel Nevada

    2004-09-01

    In the spring of 2004 a survey was conducted by Bechtel Nevada Ecological Services on the Nevada Test Site to characterize vegetation resources and climatic components of the environment that contribute to wildland fires. The field surveyed assessed 211 sites along major Nevada Test Site corridors for the abundance of native perennial and annual species and invasive weeds. The abundance of fine-textured (grasses and herbs) and coarse-textured (woody) biomass was visually estimated on numerical scales ranging from one to five. Wildland fires are costly to control and to mitigate once they occur. Revegetation of burned areas is very slow without reseeding or transplanting with native species and other rehabilitation efforts. Untreated areas become much more vulnerable to future fires once invasive species, rather than native species, colonize a burned area.The annual assessment of wildland fire hazards on the Nevada Test Site is scheduled to be implemented each spring in the near future with results being reported directly to the U.S. Department of Energy and the Bechtel Nevada Fire Marshal.

  14. Restoring a disappearing ecosystem: the Longleaf Pine Savanna.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harrington, Timothy B.; Miller, Karl V.; Park, Noreen

    2013-05-01

    Longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) savannas of the southeastern United States contain some of the worlds most diverse plant communities, along with a unique complement of wildlife. Their traditionally open canopy structure and rich understory of grasses and herbs were critical to their vigor. However, a long history of land-use practices such as logging, farming, and fire exclusion have reduced this once-widespread ecosystem to only 3 percent of its original range. At six longleaf pine plantations in South Carolina, Tim Harrington with the Pacific Northwest Research Station and collaborators with the Southern Research Station used various treatments (including prescribed burns, tree thinning, and herbicide applications) to alter the forest structure and tracked how successful each one was in advancing savanna restoration over a 14-year period. They found that typical planting densities for wood production in plantations create dense understory shade that excludes many native herbaceous species important to savannas and associated wildlife. The scientists found that although tree thinning alone did not result in sustained gains, a combination of controlled burning, thinning, and herbicide treatments to reduce woody plants was an effective strategy for recovering the savanna ecosystem. The scientists also found that these efforts must be repeated periodically for enduring benefits.

  15. Ecological outcomes and evaluation of success in passively restored southeastern depressional wetlands.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Steven, Diane; Sharitz, Rebecca R.; Barton, Christopher, D.

    2010-11-01

    Abstract: Depressional wetlands may be restored passively by disrupting prior drainage to recover original hydrology and relying on natural revegetation. Restored hydrology selects for wetland vegetation; however, depression geomorphology constrains the achievable hydroperiod, and plant communities are influenced by hydroperiod and available species pools. Such constraints can complicate assessments of restoration success. Sixteen drained depressions in South Carolina, USA, were restored experimentally by forest clearing and ditch plugging for potential crediting to a mitigation bank. Depressions were assigned to alternate revegetation methods representing desired targets of herbaceous and wet-forest communities. After five years, restoration progress and revegetation methods were evaluated. Restored hydroperiods differed among wetlands, but all sites developed diverse vegetation of native wetland species. Vegetation traits were influenced by hydroperiod and the effects of early drought, rather than by revegetation method. For mitigation banking, individual wetlands were assessed for improvement from pre-restoration condition and similarity to assigned reference type. Most wetlands met goals to increase hydroperiod, herb-species dominance, and wetland-plant composition. Fewer wetlands achieved equivalence to reference types because some vegetation targets were incompatible with depression hydroperiods and improbable without intensive management. The results illustrated a paradox in judging success when vegetation goals may be unsuited to system constraints.

  16. Deoxyelephantopin from Elephantopus scaber L. induces cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis in the human nasopharyngeal cancer CNE cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Su, Miaoxian [Biology Programme (Formally Biology Dept.), School of Life Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR (China)] [Biology Programme (Formally Biology Dept.), School of Life Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR (China); Chung, Hau Yin, E-mail: anthonychung@cuhk.edu.hk [Biology Programme (Formally Biology Dept.), School of Life Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR (China); Food and Nutritional Sciences Programme, School of Life Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR (China); Li, Yaolan [Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Natural Products, College of Pharmacy, Jinan University, Guangzhou (China) [Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Natural Products, College of Pharmacy, Jinan University, Guangzhou (China); Guangdong Province Key Laboratory of Pharmacodynamic Constituents of TCM and New Drug Research, Guangzhou (China)

    2011-07-29

    Highlights: {yields} Deoxyelephantopin (ESD) inhibited cell proliferation in the human nasopharyngeal cancer CNE cells. {yields} ESD induced cell cycle arrest in S and G2/M phases via modulation of cell cycle regulatory proteins. {yields} ESD triggered apoptosis by dysfunction of mitochondria and induction of both intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathways. {yields} ESD also triggered Akt, ERK, and JNK signaling pathways. -- Abstract: Deoxyelephantopin (ESD), a naturally occurring sesquiterpene lactone present in the Chinese medicinal herb, Elephantopus scaber L. exerted anticancer effects on various cultured cancer cells. However, the cellular mechanisms by which it controls the development of the cancer cells are unavailable, particularly the human nasopharyngeal cancer CNE cells. In this study, we found that ESD inhibited the CNE cell proliferation. Cell cycle arrest in S and G2/M phases was also found. Western blotting analysis showed that modulation of cell cycle regulatory proteins was responsible for the ESD-induced cell cycle arrest. Besides, ESD also triggered apoptosis in CNE cells. Dysfunction in mitochondria was found to be associated with the ESD-induced apoptosis as evidenced by the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential ({Delta}{Psi}m), the translocation of cytochrome c, and the regulation of Bcl-2 family proteins. Despite the Western blotting analysis showed that both intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic pathways (cleavage of caspases-3, -7, -8, -9, and -10) were triggered in the ESD-induced apoptosis, additional analysis also showed that the induction of apoptosis could be achieved by the caspase-independent manner. Besides, Akt, ERK and JNK pathways were found to involve in ESD-induced cell death. Overall, our findings provided the first evidence that ESD induced cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis in CNE cells. ESD could be a potential chemotherapeutic agent in the treatment of nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC).

  17. Triptolide, a diterpenoid triepoxide, induces antitumor proliferation via activation of c-Jun NH{sub 2}-terminal kinase 1 by decreasing phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity in human tumor cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miyata, Yoshiki [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, School of Pharmacy, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan); Sato, Takashi [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, School of Pharmacy, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan)]. E-mail: satotak@ps.toyaku.ac.jp; Ito, Akira [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, School of Pharmacy, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan)

    2005-11-04

    Triptolide, a diterpenoid triepoxide extracted from the Chinese herb Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f., exerts antitumorigenic actions against several tumor cells, but the intracellular target signal molecule(s) for this antitumorigenesis activity of triptolide remains to be identified. In the present study, we demonstrated that triptolide, in a dose-dependent manner, inhibited the proliferation of human fibrosarcoma HT-1080, human squamous carcinoma SAS, and human uterine cervical carcinoma SKG-II cells. In addition, triptolide was found to decrease phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) activity. A PI3K inhibitor, LY-294002, mimicked the triptolide-induced antiproliferative activity in HT-1080, SAS, and SKG-II cells. There was no change in the activity of Akt or protein kinase C (PKC), both of which are downstream effectors in the PI3K pathway. Furthermore, the phosphorylation of Ras, Raf, and mitogen-activated protein/extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 was not modified in HT-1080 cells treated with triptolide. However, the phosphorylation of c-Jun NH{sub 2}-terminal kinase 1 (JNK1) was found to increase in both triptolide- and LY-294002-treated cells. Furthermore, the triptolide-induced inhibition of HT-1080 cell proliferation was not observed by JNK1 siRNA-treatment. These results provide novel evidence that PI3K is a crucial target molecule in the antitumorigenic action of triptolide. They further suggest a possible triptolide-induced inhibitory signal for tumor cell proliferation that is initiated by the decrease in PI3K activity, which in turn leads to the augmentation of JNK1 phosphorylation via the Akt and/or PKC-independent pathway(s). Moreover, it is likely that the activation of JNK1 is required for the triptolide-induced inhibition of tumor proliferation.

  18. Valuation of environmental quality and eco-cultural attributes in Northwestern Idaho: Native Americans are more concerned than Caucasians

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burger, Joanna, E-mail: burger@biology.rutgers.edu [Division of Life Sciences, Nelson Biological Laboratory, Consortium for Risk Evaluation with Stakeholder Participation, Piscataway, NJ 08854-8082 (United States) [Division of Life Sciences, Nelson Biological Laboratory, Consortium for Risk Evaluation with Stakeholder Participation, Piscataway, NJ 08854-8082 (United States); Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854-8082 (United States)

    2011-01-15

    Valuation of features of habitats and ecosystems usually encompasses the goods and services that ecosystems provide, but rarely also examine how people value ecological resources in terms of eco-cultural and sacred activities. The social, sacred, and cultural aspects of ecosystems are particularly important to Native Americans, but western science has rarely examined the importance of eco-cultural attributes quantitatively. In this paper I explore differences in ecosystem evaluations, and compare the perceptions and evaluations of places people go for consumptive and non-consumptive resource use with evaluations of the same qualities for religious and sacred places. Qualities of ecosystems included goods (abundant fish and crabs, butterflies and flowers, clean water), services (complexity of nature, lack of radionuclides that present a health risk), and eco-cultural attributes (appears unspoiled, scenic horizons, noise-free). Native Americans and Caucasians were interviewed at a Pow Wow at Post Falls, Idaho, which is in the region with the Department of Energy's Hanford Site, known for its storage of radioactive wastes and contamination. A higher percentage of Native American subjects engaged in consumptive and religious activities than did Caucasians. Native Americans engaged in higher rates of many activities than did Caucasians, including commune with nature, pray or meditate, fish or hunt, collect herbs, and conduct vision quests or other ceremonies. For nearly all attributes, there was no difference in the relative ratings given by Native Americans for characteristics of sites used for consumption/non-consumptive activities compared to religious/sacred places. However, Caucasians rated nearly all attributes lower for religious/sacred places than they did for places where they engaged in consumptive or non-consumptive activities. Native Americans were less concerned with distance from home for consumptive/non-consumptive activities, compared to religious activities. - Research Highlights: {yields} A higher percentage of Native Americans engaged in consumptive and religious activities than did Caucasians interviewed. {yields} Caucasians rated environmental attributes as more important for consumptive and non-consumptive activities than they did for places where they engaged in religious/cultural ones. {yields} Native Americans rated environmental attributes as equally important regardless of the activities performed. {yields} Eco-cultural attributes (such as 'appears unspoiled') were rated as high as ecosystem services (e.g. unpolluted water).

  19. Inhibition of CYP1 by berberine, palmatine, and jatrorrhizine: Selectivity, kinetic characterization, and molecular modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lo, Sheng-Nan [National Research Institute of Chinese Medicine, Taipei 112, Taiwan, ROC (China); Institute of Biopharmaceutical Sciences, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 112, Taiwan, ROC (China); Chang, Yu-Ping; Tsai, Keng-Chang [National Research Institute of Chinese Medicine, Taipei 112, Taiwan, ROC (China); Chang, Chia-Yu [National Research Institute of Chinese Medicine, Taipei 112, Taiwan, ROC (China); Institute of Medical Sciences, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 101, Taiwan, ROC (China); Wu, Tian-Shung [Department of Chemistry, National Chung-Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan, ROC (China); Ueng, Yune-Fang, E-mail: ueng@nricm.edu.tw [National Research Institute of Chinese Medicine, Taipei 112, Taiwan, ROC (China); Institute of Biopharmaceutical Sciences, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 112, Taiwan, ROC (China); Institute of Medical Sciences, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 101, Taiwan, ROC (China)

    2013-11-01

    Cytochrome P450 (P450, CYP) 1 family plays a primary role in the detoxification and bioactivation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Human CYP1A1, CYP1A2, and CYP1B1 exhibit differential substrate specificity and tissue distribution. Berberine, palmatine, and jatrorrhizine are protoberberine alkaloids present in several medicinal herbs, such as Coptis chinensis (Huang-Lian) and goldenseal. These protoberberines inhibited CYP1A1.1- and CYP1B1.1-catalyzed 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylation (EROD) activities, whereas CYP1A2.1 activity was barely affected. Kinetic analysis revealed that berberine noncompetitively inhibited EROD activities of CYP1A1.1 and CYP1B1.1, whereas palmatine and jatrorrhizine caused either competitive or mixed type of inhibition. Among protoberberines, berberine caused the most potent and selective inhibitory effect on CYP1B1.1 with the least K{sub i} value of 44 ± 16 nM. Berberine also potently inhibited CYP1B1.1 activities toward 7-ethoxycoumarin and 7-methoxyresorufin, whereas the inhibition of benzo(a)pyrene hydroxylation activity was less pronounced. Berberine inhibited the polymorphic variants, CYP1B1.3 (V432L) and CYP1B1.4 (N453S), with IC{sub 50} values comparable to that for CYP1B1.1 inhibition. Berberine-mediated inhibition was abolished by a mutation of Asn228 to Thr in CYP1B1.1, whereas the inhibition was enhanced by a reversal mutation of Thr223 to Asn in CYP1A2.1. This result in conjugation with the molecular modeling revealed the crucial role of hydrogen-bonding interaction of Asn228 on CYP1B1.1 with the methoxy moiety of berberine. These findings demonstrate that berberine causes a selective CYP1B1-inhibition, in which Asn228 appears to be crucial. The inhibitory effects of berberine on CYP1B1 activities toward structurally diverse substrates can be different. - Highlights: • Berberine preferentially inhibited CYP1B1 activity. • Berberine caused similar inhibitory effects on CYP1B1.1, CYP1B1.3 and CYP1B1.4. • Asn228 in CYP1B1 was an important residue for berberine-mediated inhibition.

  20. CO2 EFFECTS ON MOJAVE DESERT PLANT INTERACTIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L. A. DEFALCO; G. C. FERNANDEZ; S. D. SMITH; R. S. NOWAK

    2004-01-01

    Seasonal and interannual droughts characteristic of deserts have the potential to modify plant interactions as atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations continue to rise. At the Nevada Desert FACE (free-air CO{sub 2} enrichment) facility in the northern Mojave Desert, the effects of elevated atmospheric C02 (550 vs. ambient {approx}360 {micro}mol mol{sup -1}) on plant interactions were examined during two years of high and low rainfall. Results suggest that CO{sub 2} effects on the interaction between native species and their understory herbs are dependent on the strength of competition when rainfall is plentiful, but are unimportant during annual drought. Seasonal rainfall for 1999 was 23% the long-term average for the area, and neither elevated CO{sub 2} nor the low production of herbaceous neighbors had an effect on relative growth rate (RGR, d{sup -1}) and reproductive effort (RE, number of flowers g{sup -1}) for Achnatherum hymenoides (early season perennial C{sub 3} grass), Pleuraphis rigida (late season perennial C{sub 4} grass), and Larrea tridentata (evergreen C{sub 3} shrub). In contrast, 1998 received 213% the average rainfall. Consequently, the decrease in RGR and increase in RE for Achnatherum, whose period of growth overlaps directly with that of its neighbors, was exaggerated at elevated CO{sub 2}. However, competitive effects of neighbors on Eriogonum trichopes (a winter annual growing in shrub interspaces), Pleuraphis and Larrea were not affected by elevated CO{sub 2}, and possible explanations are discussed. Contrary to expectations, the invasive annual neighbor Bromus madritensis ssp. rubens had little influence on target plant responses because densities in 1998 and 1999 at this site were well below those found in other studies where it has negatively affected perennial plant growth. The extent that elevated CO{sub 2} reduces the performance of Achnatherum in successive years to cause its loss from the plant community depends more on future pressure from herbaceous neighbors and less on the extent that CO{sub 2} enhances Achnatherum growth during periods of severe drought.

  1. Operational restoration of the Pen Branch bottomland hardwood and swamp wetlands - the research setting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, E.A.

    2000-01-05

    The Savannah River Swamp is a 3020 Ha forested wetland on the floodplain of the Savannah River and is located on the Department of Energy's Savannah River Site (SRS) near Aiken, SC. Historically the swamp consisted of approximately 50 percent bald cypress-water tupelo stands, 40 percent mixed bottomland hardwood stands, and 10 percent shrub, marsh, and open water. Creek corridors were typical of Southeastern bottomland hardwood forests. The hydrology was controlled by flooding of the Savannah River and by flow from four creeks that drain into the swamp prior to flow into the Savannah River. Upstream dams have caused some alteration of the water levels and timing of flooding within the floodplain. Major impacts to the swamp hydrology occurred with the completion of the production reactors and one coal-fired powerhouse at the SRS in the early 1950's. Water was pumped from the Savannah River, through secondary heat exchangers of the reactors, and discharged into three of the tributary streams that flow into the swamp. Flow in one of the tributaries, Pen Branch, was typically 0.3 m3 s-1 (10-20) cfs prior to reactor pumping and 11.0 m3 s-1 (400 cfs) during pumping. This continued from 1954 to 1988 at various levels. The sustained increases in water volume resulted in overflow of the original stream banks and the creation of additional floodplains. Accompanying this was considerable erosion of the original stream corridor and deposition of a deep silt layer on the newly formed delta. Heated water was discharged directly into Pen Branch and water temperature in the stream often exceeded 65 degrees C. The nearly continuous flooding of the swamp, the thermal load of the water, and the heavy silting resulted in complete mortality of the original vegetation in large areas of the floodplain. In the years since pumping was reduced, early succession has begun in some affected areas. Most of this has been herbs, grasses, and shrubs. Areas that have seedlings are generally willow thickets that support a lower diversity of wildlife. No volunteer seedlings of heavy-seeded hardwoods or cypress have been found in the corridor areas. Research was conducted to determine methods to reintroduce tree species characteristic of more mature forested wetlands. Three restoration strategies were formulated to deal with the differing conditions of the Upper Corridor, the Lower Corridor, and the Delta regions of the impacted area. Site preparation and planting of each area with mixtures of tree species were carried out to speed the restoration of the ecosystem. Species composition and selection were altered based on the current and expected hydrological regimes that the reforestation areas will be experiencing. Because of the operational design of the restoration project, a research program naturally followed to document the success. Many of those efforts are detailed here.

  2. SNO: solving the mystery of the missing neutrinos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jelley, Nick; Poon, Alan

    2007-03-30

    The end of an era came on 28 November 2006 when the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) finally stopped data-taking after eight exciting years of discoveries. During this time the Observatory saw evidence that neutrinos, produced in the fusion of hydrogen in the solar core, change flavour while passing through the Sun on their way to the Earth. This observation explained the longstanding puzzle as to why previous experiments had seen fewer solar neutrinos than predicted and confirmed that these elusive particles have mass. Solar neutrinos were first detected in Ray Davis's radiochemical experiment in 1967, for which discovery he shared the 2002 Nobel Prize in Physics. Surprisingly he found only about a third of the number predicted from models of the Sun's output. This deficit, the so-called Solar Neutrino Problem, was confirmed by Kamiokande-II while other experiments saw related deficits of solar neutrinos. A possible explanation for this deficit, suggested by Gribov and Pontecorvo in 1969, was that some of the electron-type neutrinos, which are produced in the Sun, had ''oscillated'' into neutrinos that could not be detected in the Davis detector. The oscillation mechanism requires that neutrinos have non-zero mass. The unique advantage, which was pointed out by the late Herb Chen in 1985, of using heavy water (D{sub 2}O) to detect the neutrinos from {sup 8}B decays in the solar fusion process is that it enables both the number of electron-type and of all types of neutrinos to be measured. A comparison of the flux of electron-type neutrinos to that of all flavours could then reveal whether flavour transformation is the cause of the solar neutrino deficit. In heavy water neutrinos of all types can break a deuteron apart into its constituent proton and neutron (neutral-current reaction), while only electron-type neutrinos can change the deuteron into two protons and release an electron (charged-current reaction). SNO was designed by scientists from Canada, the USA and the UK to attain a detection rate of about 10 solar neutrinos per day using 1000 tonnes of heavy water. Neutrino interactions were detected by 9,456 photomultiplier tubes surrounding the heavy water, which was contained in a 12-m diameter acrylic sphere. This sphere was surrounded by 7000 tonnes of ultra-pure water to shield against radioactivity. Figure 1 shows the layout of the SNO detector, which is located about 2 km underground in Inco's Creighton nickel mine near Sudbury in Canada, to all but eliminate cosmic rays from reaching the detector. The pattern of hit photomultiplier tubes following the creation of an electron by an electron-type neutrino is shown in Figure 2.

  3. Integration of the Mini-Sulfide Sulfite Anthraquinone (MSS-AQ) Pulping Process and Black Liquor Gasification in a Pulp Mill

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hasan Jameel, North Carolina State University; Adrianna Kirkman, North Carolina State University; Ravi Chandran,Thermochem Recovery International Brian Turk Research Triangle Institute; Brian Green, Research Triangle Institute

    2010-01-27

    As many of the recovery boilers and other pieces of large capital equipment of U.S. pulp mills are nearing the end of their useful life, the pulp and paper industry will soon need to make long-term investments in new technologies. The ability to install integrated, complete systems that are highly efficient will impact the industry’s energy use for decades to come. Developing a process for these new systems is key to the adoption of state-of-the-art technologies in the Forest Products industry. This project defined an integrated process model that combines mini-sulfide sulfite anthraquinone (MSS-AQ) pulping and black liquor gasification with a proprietary desulfurization process developed by the Research Triangle Institute. Black liquor gasification is an emerging technology that enables the use of MSS-AQ pulping, which results in higher yield, lower bleaching cost, lower sulfur emissions, and the elimination of causticization requirements. The recently developed gas cleanup/absorber technology can clean the product gas to a state suitable for use in a gas turbine and also regenerate the pulping chemicals needed to for the MSS-AQ pulping process. The combination of three advanced technologies into an integrated design will enable the pulping industry to achieve a new level of efficiency, environmental performance, and cost savings. Because the three technologies are complimentary, their adoption as a streamlined package will ensure their ability to deliver maximum energy and cost savings benefits. The process models developed by this project will enable the successful integration of new technologies into the next generation of chemical pulping mills. When compared to the Kraft reference pulp, the MSS-AQ procedures produced pulps with a 10-15 % yield benefit and the ISO brightness was 1.5-2 times greater. The pulp refined little easier and had a slightly lower apparent sheet density (In both the cases). At similar levels of tear index the MSS-AQ pulps also produced a comparable tensile and burst index pulps. Product gas composition determined using computer simulations The results demonstrate that RVS-1 can effectively remove > 99.8% of the H2S present in simulated synthesis gas generated from the gasification of black liquor. This level of sulfur removal was consistent over simulated synthesis gas mixtures that contained from 6 to 9.5 vol % H2S.A significant amount of the sulfur in the simulated syngas was recovered as SO2 during regeneration. The average recovery of sulfur as SO2 was about 75%. Because these are first cycle results, this sulfur recovery is expected to improve. Developed WINGems model of the process.The total decrease in variable operating costs for the BLG process compared to the HERB was in excess of $6,200,000 per year for a mill producing 350,000 tons of pulp per year. This represents a decrease in operating cost of about $17.7/ton of oven dry pulp produced. There will be additional savings in labor and maintenance cost that has not been taken into account. The capital cost for the MSSAQ based gasifier system was estimated at $164,000,000, which is comparable to a High Efficiency Recovery Boiler. The return on investment was estimated at 4%. A gasifier replacement cannot be justified on its own, however if the recovery boiler needs to be replaced the MSSAQ gasifier system shows significantly higher savings. Before black liquor based gasifer technology can be commercialized more work is necessary. The recovery of the absorbed sulfur in the absorbent as sulfur dioxide is only 75%. This needs to be greater than 90% for economical operation. It has been suggested that as the number of cycles is increased the sulfur dioxide recovery might improve. Further research is necessary. Even though a significant amount of work has been done on a pilot scale gasifiers using liquors containing sulfur, both at low and high temperatures the lack of a commercial unit is an impediment to the implementation of the MSSAQ technology. The implementation of a commercial unit needs to be facilated before the benefits of