Sample records for hemlock alder maple

  1. Maple Exercises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    "f" we next show how to "erase" that assignment. > f;. > f := 'f';. > ... ing Maple's le management. ..... It is sad, indeed, that so ne a program as Maple should have ...... Multiply L and U, forming a template of indeterminates which we then. demand ...

  2. Maple Exercises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1998-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    ing Maple's le management. For example ..... There are commands in Maple that speci cally demand vectors ..... for the values on the right hand sides of the equations. .... vectors into a new matrix, making the building-blocks into the rows of the.

  3. Maple in Exercise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1998-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    icon on the toolbar Maple prompts for a le name and a destination for the saved ..... 15 is very high. Since, in Release 3, only one worksheet could be attached to.

  4. www.btny.purdue.edu/weedscience/ Poison Hemlock The Toxic Parsnip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    www.btny.purdue.edu/weedscience/ Poison Hemlock ­ The Toxic Parsnip We often get questions about wild carrot (Daucus carota L.) only to find out that the question is actually about poison hemlock (Conium maculatum L.). Although these two plants may look similar, poison hemlock is toxic to cattle

  5. Getting Started with Maple (September 2003)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weckesser, Warren

    "; everything in here was created in Maple. The actual Maple commands that I entered are shown in the lines+2; 4 Note the semicolon at the end of the line. Each Maple command must end with a semicolon (or preceded by the ">"; these lines are immediately followed by the resulting output. Simple calculations: > 2

  6. Getting Started with Maple Warren Weckesser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weckesser, Warren

    "; everything in here was created in Maple. The actual Maple commands that I entered are shown in the lines+2; 4 Note the semicolon at the end of the line. Each Maple command must end with a semicolon (or preceded by the ">"; these lines are immediately followed by the resulting output. Simple calculations: > 2

  7. 7 Introduction to Maple Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meade, Douglas B.

    , plastics and drugs. The reactor model developed in this chapter's application is based on the principle195 7 Introduction to Maple Programming Chemical engineers apply principles of chemistry, physics and undergo other chemical changes during the manufacturing process. Reactors and reactor models can be used

  8. Poison hemlock, Conium maculatum, (Figure 1) is a member of the plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    Poison hemlock, Conium maculatum, (Figure 1) is a member of the plant family Apiaceae, which, cilantro, chervil, fen- nel, anise, dill, and caraway. It is a tall, invasive, highly poisonous weed that is sometimes mistaken for one of its crop relatives. Poison hemlock was introduced from Europe as an ornamental

  9. Covalently crosslinked diels-alder polymer networks.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowman, Christopher (University of Colorado, Boulder, CO); Adzima, Brian J. (University of Colorado, Boulder, CO); Anderson, Benjamin John

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project examines the utility of cycloaddition reactions for the synthesis of polymer networks. Cycloaddition reactions are desirable because they produce no unwanted side reactions or small molecules, allowing for the formation of high molecular weight species and glassy crosslinked networks. Both the Diels-Alder reaction and the copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) were studied. Accomplishments include externally triggered healing of a thermoreversible covalent network via self-limited hysteresis heating, the creation of Diels-Alder based photoresists, and the successful photochemical catalysis of CuAAC as an alternative to the use of ascorbic acid for the generation of Cu(I) in click reactions. An analysis of the results reveals that these new methods offer the promise of efficiently creating robust, high molecular weight species and delicate three dimensional structures that incorporate chemical functionality in the patterned material. This work was performed under a Strategic Partnerships LDRD during FY10 and FY11 as part of a Sandia National Laboratories/University of Colorado-Boulder Excellence in Science and Engineering Fellowship awarded to Brian J. Adzima, a graduate student at UC-Boulder. Benjamin J. Anderson (Org. 1833) was the Sandia National Laboratories point-of-contact for this fellowship.

  10. Effects of Alder Mine on the Water, Sediments, and Benthic Macroinvertebrates of Alder Creek, 1998 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peplow, Dan

    1999-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The Alder Mine, an abandoned gold, silver, copper, and zinc mine in Okanogan County, Washington, produces heavy metal-laden effluent that affects the quality of water in a tributary of the Methow River. The annual mass loading of heavy metals from two audits at the Alder Mine was estimated to exceed 11,000 kg per year. In this study, water samples from stations along Alder Creek were assayed for heavy metals by ICP-AES and were found to exceed Washington State's acute freshwater criteria for cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), selenium (Se), and zinc (Zn).

  11. Maple River Energy LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther,Jemez PuebloManteca, California:Park, Illinois:Maple River

  12. Introduction to Classic Maple by David Maslanka Maple is a computer algebra system designed to do mathematics. Symbolic, numerical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    2. Saving a Maple Worksheet In order to name and save a Maple worksheet, begin by clicking the left Worksheet Window (see figure above). From the File menu that results, click on the #12;option Save As to describe your worksheet and then click the mouse button on the rectangle OK . This will save your worksheet

  13. E-Print Network 3.0 - asymmetric hetero-diels-alder reactions...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Correction Paper No. b927076k Summary: . The classic hetero-Diels Alder reaction of acrolein with methyl vinyl ketone (Scheme 3) was examined in great... is unsymmetrically...

  14. Probing substituent effects in aryl-aryl interactions using stereoselective diels-alder cycloadditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheeler, Steven E.

    Stereoselective Diels?Alder cycloadditions that probe substituent effects in aryl?aryl sandwich complexes were studied experimentally and theoretically. Computations on model systems demonstrate that the stereoselectivity ...

  15. Alder Mutual Light Co, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1AMEEAisin SeikiandAlcopar Jump to:Alden, New York: EnergyAlder

  16. Lectures on Reduce and Maple at UAM I - Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marc Toussaint

    2001-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    These lectures give a brief introduction to the Computer Algebra systems Reduce and Maple. The aim is to provide a systematic survey of most important commands and concepts. In particular, this includes a discussion of simplification schemes and the handling of simplification and substitution rules (e.g., a Lie Algebra is implemented in Reduce by means of simplification rules). Another emphasis is on the different implementations of tensor calculi and the exterior calculus by Reduce and Maple and their application in Gravitation theory and Differential Geometry. I held the lectures at the Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, Departamento de Fisica, Mexico, in November 1999.

  17. Guidelines for the Improvement of Combustion Efficiency for Maple Producers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    Guidelines for the Improvement of Combustion Efficiency for Maple Producers Harry Atkinson to better mixing of combustion gasses. A. An over fire air system should be installed to direct high.c. pressure minimum. Oil burner fans from 1980 on will usually be a good source for a used fan. a. ½ h.p. on 2

  18. A q-PRODUCT TUTORIAL q-SERIES MAPLE PACKAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garvan, Frank

    A q-PRODUCT TUTORIAL FOR A q-SERIES MAPLE PACKAGE FRANK GARVAN Abstract. This is a tutorial-series and q-products and finding algebraic relations between q-series. Andrews found an algorithm to effectively find finite q-product factorisations when they exist thus answering a question of Andrews. We

  19. Quantavo: a Maple Toolbox for Linear Quantum Optics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvaro Feito

    2008-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This manual describes the basic objectives, functionalities and uses of the toolbox for Maple (Maplesoft^TM) called Quantavo. It is intended to facilitate calculations both symbolically and numerically related to Quantum Optics. In particular the evolution, measurement and entanglement properties of quantum states in the Fock basis can be simulated with it. It is provided to the community as a free open source module.

  20. Dependence of the Rate of an Interfacial Diels-Alder Reaction on the Steric Environment of the Immobilized Dienophile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mrksich, Milan

    Dependence of the Rate of an Interfacial Diels-Alder Reaction on the Steric Environment for an interfacial Diels-Alder reaction and the steric environment around the reacting molecules. The study used that the quinone groups that were positioned below the interface (and in a crowded environment) reacted

  1. Acute O3 damage on first year coppice sprouts of aspen and maple sprouts in an open-air experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acute O3 damage on first year coppice sprouts of aspen and maple sprouts in an open-air experiment) concentration (110­490 nmol molÀ1 ) on regenerating aspen (Populus tremuloides) and maple (Acer saccharum) trees to examine the effects of acute O3 exposure on aspen and maple sprouts after the parent trees, which were

  2. Maple Grove Hot Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose Bend < MHKconvertersourcesource History View New PagesSolarMaple

  3. Maple Valley, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther,Jemez PuebloManteca, California:Park, Illinois:Maple

  4. Does red alder (Alnus rubra) in upland riparian forests elevate macroinvertebrate and detritus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Diane

    negative effects of timber harvest (such as sedimentation and loss of coarse woody debris) on downstream-growth alder sites exported significantly greater count (mean = 9.4 individuals·m­3 water, standard error (SE) = 3.7) and biomass (mean = 3.1 mg dry mass·m­3 water, SE = 1.2) densities of macroinvertebrates than

  5. Product Description Destination Tons Cords MBF Stumpage Amount Hard Maple Sawtimber Grade 1 Aspen 0.35 400.00$ 140.00$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Product Description Destination Tons Cords MBF Stumpage Amount Hard Maple Sawtimber Grade 1 Aspen 0.35 400.00$ 140.00$ Hard Maple Sawtimber Grade 2 Aspen 3.29 250.00$ 822.50$ Hard Maple Sawtimber Grade 3 Aspen 2.38 160.00$ 380.80$ Hard Maple Veneer Aspen 600.00$ -$ Hard Maple Birdseye Aspen 0.055 700.00$ 38

  6. How to use Maple as a technical word processor for the web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for display on the web that you can easily create using maple and the distill command. I shall now give step by step instructions on how I created such a thing

  7. Field identification of birdseye in sugar maple (acer saccharum marsh. ). Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bragg, D.C.; Stokke, D.D.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Birdseye grain distortions in sugar maple must be identified to capture the full value of a timber sale throughout the economic range of birdseye's occurrence. Even when relatively common, birdseye veneer typically makes up less than 1 percent of the harvested volume, but may account for one-half of the value of the sale. Field identification of birdseye sugar maple is critical for two principal reasons: (1) it allows for the enumeration of a valuable resource that may influence management decisions, and (2) it may prevent improper manufacturing of logs at the job site. Both factors should help increase overall timber sale return. The objective of the paper is to provide a background on birdseye sugar maples and a detailed sequential methodology for field identification of birdseye in standing trees.

  8. Vulnerability of Xylem Vessels to Cavitation in Sugar Maple. Scaling from Individual Vessels to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melcher, Peter

    nega- tive pressures (Dixon and Joly, 1895; Briggs, 1950) allows plants to power the movement of water to withstand tension-induced cavitation is typ- ically inferred from "vulnerability curves" generatedVulnerability of Xylem Vessels to Cavitation in Sugar Maple. Scaling from Individual Vessels

  9. Computational and experimental study of the cluster size distribution in MAPLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    for 300 s (melting temperature of toluene is $178 K). Toluene is selected as the matrix solvent due films deposited in matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation (MAPLE). Analysis of high-resolution SEM-assisted pulsed laser evaporation; Cluster size distribution; Molecular dynamics; Laser ablation Matrix

  10. Sugar maple seed production in northern New Hampshire. Forest Service research paper (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrett, P.W.; Graber, R.E.

    1995-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Large numbers of sugar maple seed are dispersed every second or third year. Very little seed was damaged by insects or mammals to dispersal. The trapping methods used prevented major losses following seed fall. Seed production was positively correlated with tree diameter but not with age of seed trees.

  11. HOMOGENIZATION OF THE STEFAN PROBLEM, WITH APPLICATION TO MAPLE SAP EXUDATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stockie, John

    are then applied to solve a much more complicated problem involving multi-phase flow and heat transport in trees that arises from multi-phase flow in a porous medium coupled with heat transport. In particular, we are motivated by the study of sap flow in a maple tree that is subject to both thawing and freezing [5]. We seek

  12. Maple GOT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JDP

    2005-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    emphasis is placed on nonlinear optimization models that may involve complicated ... global economy, government organizations and private businesses all aim for resource-efficient operations that deliver high quality products and services.

  13. The MaPLE device of Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics: Construction and its plasma aspects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pal, Rabindranath; Biswas, Subir; Basu, Subhasis; Chattopadhyay, Monobir; Basu, Debjyoti; Chaudhuri, Manis [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, I/AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700 064 (India)

    2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Magnetized Plasma Linear Experimental (MaPLE) device is a low cost laboratory plasma device at Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics fabricated in-house with the primary aim of studying basic plasma physics phenomena such as plasma instabilities, wave propagation, and their nonlinear behavior in magnetized plasma regime in a controlled manner. The machine is specially designed to be a versatile laboratory device that can provide a number of magnetic and electric scenario to facilitate such studies. A total of 36 number of 20-turn magnet coils, designed such as to allow easy handling, is capable of producing a uniform, dc magnetic field of about 0.35 T inside the plasma chamber of diameter 0.30 m. Support structure of the coils is planned in an innovative way facilitating straightforward fabrication and easy positioning of the coils. Further special feature lies in the arrangement of the spacers between the coils that can be maneuvered rather easily to create different magnetic configurations. Various methods of plasma production can be suitably utilized according to the experimental needs at either end of the vacuum vessel. In the present paper, characteristics of a steady state plasma generated by electron cyclotron resonance method using 2.45 GHz microwave power are presented. Scans using simple probe drives revealed that a uniform and long plasma column having electron density {approx}3-5x10{sup 10} cm{sup -3} and temperature {approx}7-10 eV, is formed in the center of the plasma chamber which is suitable for wave launching experiments.

  14. Crop-tree release thinning in 65-year-old commercial cherry-maple stands (5-year results). Forest Service research paper (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, H.C.; Miller, G.W.; Lamson, N.I.

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report includes a crop-tree release plan which was applied to a 65-year-old cherry-maple stand in north central West Virginia. Criteria were developed for selecting crop trees for high quality sawtimber and veneer products. Five-year stand growth, mortality, and ingrowth using basal areas, volume, relative density, and number of trees were discussed for the treatments.

  15. Hemlock Semiconductor Corp HSC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergyFarms AHefei SungrowHelukabel GmbH Jump to:

  16. Hemlock, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG|InformationInformation Station - SouthEntry

  17. Survival, growth, and juvenile-mature correlations in a West Virginia sugar maple provenance test 25 years after establishment. Forest Service research paper (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schuler, T.M.

    1994-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Survival, total height, diameter at breast height (d.b.h.), and stem quality of sugar maple trees of different provenances were compared 25 years after establishment in north-central West Virginia. Provenances were from Michigan, Minnesota, West Virginia, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, Maine, and Quebec, Canada. There were significant differences between provenances for all traits except stem quality. By provenance, total tree height ranged from about 49 to 37 feet; d.b.h. from 6.7 to 3.6 inches; and survival from 100 to 15 percent. The predictability of total tree height 25 years after establishment based on mean provenance height at age 2, 6, 10, and 15 years is discussed.

  18. Publisher's Note: ''The MaPLE device of Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics: Construction and its plasma aspects'' [Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 073507 (2010)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pal, Rabindranath; Biswas, Subir; Basu, Subhasis; Chattopadhyay, Monobir; Basu, Debjyoti; Chaudhuri, Manis [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, I/AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700 064 (India)

    2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Magnetized Plasma Linear Experimental (MaPLE) device is a low cost laboratory plasma device at Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics fabricated in-house with the primary aim of studying basic plasma physics phenomena such as plasma instabilities, wave propagation, and their nonlinear behavior in magnetized plasma regime in a controlled manner. The machine is specially designed to be a versatile laboratory device that can provide a number of magnetic and electric scenario to facilitate such studies. A total of 36 number of 20-turn magnet coils, designed such as to allow easy handling, is capable of producing a uniform, dc magnetic field of about 0.35 T inside the plasma chamber of diameter 0.30 m. Support structure of the coils is planned in an innovative way facilitating straightforward fabrication and easy positioning of the coils. Further special feature lies in the arrangement of the spacers between the coils that can be maneuvered rather easily to create different magnetic configurations. Various methods of plasma production can be suitably utilized according to the experimental needs at either end of the vacuum vessel. In the present paper, characteristics of a steady state plasma generated by electron cyclotron resonance method using 2.45 GHz microwave power are presented. Scans using simple probe drives revealed that a uniform and long plasma column having electron density {approx} 3-5 Multiplication-Sign 1010 cm-3 and temperature {approx} 7-10 eV, is formed in the center of the plasma chamber which is suitable for wave launching experiments.

  19. 2014-10-08, 7:44 PM--FORESTS: Sugar maples reveal obstacles facing species in their e...nge --researchers --Monday, September 29, 2014 --www.eenews.net Page 1 of 3http://www.eenews.net/climatewire/stories/1060006547/print

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vellend, Mark

    the Appalachian Mountains where temperatures were lower. Sap from these trees is boiled down to produce maple syrup. "We knew the system had warmed, but we weren't seeing the response you would expect," said.3 miles) per decade. Projected temperature increases between 2050 and 2090 under high carbon emissions

  20. Pure Maple Syrup Issue 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that in as well. 'S...sure, Benny,' he stuttered, 'sure... Whatever you say...' Dl D >- (/) UJ -J 0. - w ui -j a. < ui q: D a. Julien...

  1. Pure Maple Syrup Issue 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , put on his formal demeanour, and said, 'We came here today to mark a change in our relationship. An important change, and a most welcome one. You and I met two years ago, and we bonded, and as you said, Ray, we became far more effective...|% f5*^ 1 0ff%\\ \\ r*3^ f"!SSl W?/sA byAnjaGruber Julien's waffle - This is set during and after theepisode Flashback (apparently known to some as Slashback). AND THEN WE, UM, BONDED by Julien Detective Ray Vecchio stood beside Constable Benton...

  2. Pure Maple Syrup Issue 9

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    could slip an entire ringer inside to pleasure him without causing pain, and they were both enjoying the process immensely. Ray figured it would be only another week or two before he could finally join with Benton, become one with him, as Benton had...'s heavy weight, holding onto him for dear life. 'I love you, too, Benny. More than I ever thought I could love anybody. But let's not jump the gun, OK? Give your Dad some time to get used to the idea. If he's half the Mountie you say he is, he'll come...

  3. Pure Maple Syrup Issue 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . 'Did you ever think about getting a phone? We use them quite a bit in the States now, maybe you've seen the commercials for them?' It was Ray propped in the doorway, engulfed in a giant snowsuit, fur hat and sunglasses. Fraser lowered his gun. 'Ray... the zip closed, though he didn't do up the button or belt. Ray moved around to stand in front of the mountie. 'They were going to use you as an example, you said. What else were they going to do to you, Benny? What else?' For the first time since he...

  4. Pure Maple Syrup Issue 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    'sactually transformative.' Tell me that in American, Benny.' 'Fan-writers add something to the original by using their own creativity. Also, this is a non commercial activity.' 'Fans buy the zine!' 'Well, that would indeedbe the weak point in a defence case, Ray... back up using teeth, tongue, and hard sucking to wring all the sensation possible from the act. 'Please-' Ray found the breath to whisper. Fraser came off his cock with a jerk, met his eyes with a wet and tender smile and said, 'Shut up. I'll let...

  5. Pure Maple Syrup Issue 6 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Harding Welsh (Beau Starr), Detective Jack Huey (Tony Craig), Detective Louis Gardino (Daniel Kash), Detective Thomas Dewey (Tom Melissis), Elaine Besbriss (Catherine Bruhier), Inspector Margaret Thatcher (Camilla Scott), State's Attorney Louise St... characters, yeah, yeah.' 'The privacylaws don't apply.' 'Well, someone should do something. ...Hey, if we're fictional, then we belong to our creator, right? Paul Haggis. He should do something.' 'Actually, Ray, we belong to a company named Alliance...

  6. Pure Maple Syrup Issue 9 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) and Detective Stanley Raymond Kowalski (Callum Keith Rennie). Other vital characters are Lieutenant Harding Welsh (Beau Starr), Detective Jack Huey (Tony Craig), Detective Louis Gardino (Daniel Kash), Detective Thomas Dewey (Tom Melissis), Elaine Besbriss... been. How very lonely. 'Hey, Benny...' He waited until Benton raised his head once more, those sad blue eyes meeting his. 'You've got me now, and I'll hold you, and touch you, and hug you as much as I can for the rest of my life, OK? I promise...

  7. Pure Maple Syrup Issue 8 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ), Detective Jack Huey (Tony Craig), Detective Louis Gardino (Daniel Kash), Detective Thomas Dewey (Tom Melissis), Elaine Besbriss (Catherine Bruhier), Inspector Margaret Thatcher (Camilla Scott), State's Attorney Louise St Laurent (Lee Purcell), Fraser... (Benton's best friend) slid into the seat next to Benton just as Miss Ellis rang the bell. 'Hey, Ben,' Mark leaned close to murmur; so close, in fact, that Benton could feel the icy cold radiating offhim. Benton smiled a welcome for his friend...

  8. NREL: Energy Analysis - Ben Maples

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Saleshttp://www.fnal.gov/directorate/nalcal/nalcal02_07_05_files/nalcal.gifNRELPower Systems Engineering

  9. Sweet Potato Fries $4 Maple Dipping Sauce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    dipping sauce Pickle Me Up $7 Beer battered crispy pickle chips, ranch dip House Made Ranch Chips $4 Specials Tuesday Draft Beer Specials Wednesday 12 Wings - $8 Thursday Buckets of Domestic Beer Friday St. Louis Craft Beer Specials Small Plates St. Louis Craft Beers THE EMBA PUB, A GATHERING PLACE THE EMBA

  10. andean alder alnus: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    de Santander (D. klagesi): ICN35570, Colombia, Norte de Santander, Ocaa, Agua de la Virgen, -73.40, 08.23. 4. hellmayri (D. hellmayri): ANDES-BT994, Colombia Cuervo,...

  11. alder-winter theory: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and mutlilinear algebra. George Svetlichny 1999-03-12 450 Benchmarking Nuclear Fission Theory Nuclear Experiment (arXiv) Summary: We suggest a small set of fission observables...

  12. alder alnus incana: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    fixation in the watershed soils and the associated N flux to the lake Hu, Feng Sheng 13 Multivariate analysis of allozymic and quantitative trait variation in Alnus rubra...

  13. alder alnus acuminata: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    fixation in the watershed soils and the associated N flux to the lake Hu, Feng Sheng 10 Multivariate analysis of allozymic and quantitative trait variation in Alnus rubra...

  14. alder alnus glutinosa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of leaf acclimation for whole plant growth. functional-structural growth Boyer, Edmond 15 Multivariate analysis of allozymic and quantitative trait variation in Alnus rubra...

  15. alder receives national: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    through frequency detuning in a coupled set of local obtainedby detuning the end elements of the local oscillator array. It is possible to increasethe York, Robert A. 228...

  16. alder stands budgets: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    oriented synthesis of PPAPs scaffold via sequential one pot (more) Sow, Boubacar 2013-01-01 87 2011 Waves -1 STANDING WAVES Physics Websites Summary: , we can also write c f...

  17. alder blumer eugenics: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by declination: Divide the catalog objects into "buckets" by declination, where each bucket 214 A Digital Humanities Approach to the History of Science Eugenics revisited in...

  18. Geographic variation in red alder. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lester, D.T.; DeBell, D.S.

    1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A test of 10 provenances was established in 1969 on the central coast of Oregon. The provenances tested included Juneau, Alaska, and Sandpoint, Idaho, in addition to eight well-spaced locations in Oregon, Washington, and in the southern end of Vancouver island, British Columbia. Periodic measurements through 15 years of plantation development revealed differences among provenances in height, diameter, and height/diameter ratio. The calculated variables, bole volume and aboveground biomass, showed large differences among provenances. Two provenances from northwestern Washington consistently were the most vigorous, two (Juneau, Alaska, and Sandpoint, Idaho) were the least vigorous, and the remaining six provenances shifted somewhat in ranking over time.

  19. Electronic effects in the Diels-Alder reactions of vinylboranes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Jose Vernon

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    &H NMR spectrum of the oxidized products in the competitive reaction of 4a and 4b with vinyl-9-BBN 10 tH NMR spectrum of the oxidized products in the competitive reaction of 4b and 4c with vinyl-9-BBN 11 tH NMR spectrum of trivinylborane. 12 t...~C NMR spectrum of trivinylborane . 13 Plot of the reaction ratio versus time 17 21 22 26 27 in the reaction of 4a with trivinylborane 31 LIST OF FIGURES (Continued) 14 Plot of the reaction ratio versus time in the reaction of cyclopentadiene...

  20. alder tree labiate: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by the case of the complete graph, where we prove that two random spanning trees give an expander. The construction of the splicer is elementary -- each spanning tree can be...

  1. MHK Projects/White Alder Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose Bend < MHK Projects Jump to:Vicksburg Bend <WavegenPassage1

  2. Getting Started with Differential Equations in Maple September 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weckesser, Warren

    order equations here. First, we need to load the "DEtools" library: > with(DEtools): Let's define to Inline by using the menu bar to select Options -> Plot Display -> Inline Let's add a solution curve "linecolor=blue" tells the command to draw the solution curve in black. (The default line color is yellow

  3. Getting Started with Differential Equations in Maple September 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weckesser, Warren

    order equations here. First, we need to load the "DEtools" library: > with(DEtools): Let's define to Inline by using the menu bar to select Options ­> Plot Display ­> Inline Let's add a solution curve "linecolor=blue" tells the command to draw the solution curve in black. (The default line color is yellow

  4. THE NECTAR SECRETION OF MAPLE (ACER PLATANOIDES L.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    development of the colonies (RUTT1VER 1957). The object of our effort was to study the biology of flowers

  5. ORIGINAL PAPER Invasive Argentine ants reduce fitness of red maple

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckel, Jeffrey A.

    species form mutual- isms with honeydew-producing Hemiptera and their aggressive presence deters the natural enemies of the Hemiptera. Invasive ant species like the Argentine ant have often been associated decades (Bronstein 1994; Bruno et al. 2003). Mutualisms involving ants and Hemiptera have been described

  6. Suzhou Red Maple Wind Blade Mould Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of KuwaitSuper WindSurBlade

  7. Shanghai Maple Tongji University hybrid automobile research partnership |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AGShandong Lusa New Energy CoShanghai JienengShanghaiOpen

  8. Maple Ridge 1a Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose Bend < MHKconvertersourcesource History View New

  9. Maple Ridge Wind Farm (2005 portion) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose Bend < MHKconvertersourcesource History View New5 portion) Jump

  10. Maple Ridge Wind Farm (2006 portion) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose Bend < MHKconvertersourcesource History View New5 portion)

  11. Maple Ridge Wind Farm phase II | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose Bend < MHKconvertersourcesource History View New5 portion)phase

  12. Maple Bluff, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther,Jemez PuebloManteca, California: EnergyChangeMapMap of

  13. Maple Glen, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther,Jemez PuebloManteca, California: EnergyChangeMapMap ofGlen,

  14. Maple Grove, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther,Jemez PuebloManteca, California: EnergyChangeMapMap

  15. Maple Heights, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther,Jemez PuebloManteca, California: EnergyChangeMapMapHeights,

  16. Maple Heights-Lake Desire, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther,Jemez PuebloManteca, California:

  17. Maple Park, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther,Jemez PuebloManteca, California:Park, Illinois: Energy

  18. Maple Plain, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther,Jemez PuebloManteca, California:Park, Illinois: EnergyPlain,

  19. Maple Ridge, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther,Jemez PuebloManteca, California:Park, Illinois:

  20. Matrix Agro Pvt Ltd MAPL | Open Energy Information

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville, Ohio: Energy Resources JumpMastic, New York:Matney-Franz

  1. Dictionary of Upriver Halkomelem, Volume I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galloway, Brent Douglas

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    yc lè//, ABDF ['to poison'], SOC, root possibly related to poison fern that grows in swampyprob. water hemlock, poison hemlock):: welékwsa. sword

  2. 108 Raupp et al.: Mites on Hemlocks Following Applications of Imidacloprid Systemic insecticides have gained widespread use in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eubanks, Micky

    beetles (Sclar and Cranshaw 1996), lace bugs (Gill et al. 1999), aphids (Sclar and Cranshaw 1996), scales reports and one empirical study (Sclar et al. 1998) indicated that spider mite populations and attendant such as elm and honeylocust (Sclar et al. 1998). These reports parallel similar observations in agricultural

  3. Development of Three Reaction Methodologies En Route to Nitrogen Containing Heterocycles: a Diels-Alder/Schmidt, a DIels-Alder/Acylation and a Catalytic Intramolecular Schmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hirt, Erin Elaine

    2009-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    or DMSO 8% N 3 5 An activated azido diene, (E)-(6-azidohexa-1,3-dien-2-yloxy)trimethylsilane (10), was also prepared for investigation in this study (Scheme 8). The Michael addition of sodium azide to acrolein provided the azido aldehyde 7 in nearly... acyclic azido enones as starting materials (Scheme 9). Thus, 9 and 12 were synthesized in two steps from acrolein in a similar manner to silyloxydiene 10. This synthesis began with a Michael addition into acrolein and was followed by a Horner...

  4. JASPERSE CHEM 341 TEST 4 VERSION 1 Conjugation, Diels-Alder, Aromaticity, Aromatic Reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jasperse, Craig P.

    byproducts). (21 points, 3 points each) SO3HHO HNO3, H 2SO4 O + 1. HNO3, H 2SO4 2. Cl2, AlCl 3 3. Fe, HCl 1

  5. Vinylboranes as trans-dihydroxyethylene equivalents in Diels-Alder reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Redman, Aniko Maria

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Dienophile 7 trans-4-tert-Butyl-6-(dimethylphenylsil yl)- 3-cyclohexen- I-ol (9) . tr ans-4-Phenyl-6-(dimethylphenylsilyl)- 3-cyclohexen-I-ol (10) and trans-3-Phenyl-6-(dimethylphenylsilyl)- 3-cyclohexen-I-ol (11). trans-3, 4-Dimethyl-6...)-3-cyclohexen-I-ol (15) and trans-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)- 6-(dimethylphenylsilyl)-3-cyclohexen- I-ol (16) (I et, 3', 4', 6[))- I-Acetoxy-3, 4-epoxy-3, 4-dimethyl- 6-(dimcthylphenylsilyl)-cyclohexane (21) Page 57 57 58 58 59 59 60 61 62...

  6. Theory of gated hemicarcerands and Diels-Alder reactions of tetrazines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LIU, FANG

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    consistent reaction field (SCRF) using the CPCM model, [9]consistent reaction field (SCRF) using the CPCM model, whereconsistent reaction field (SCRF) using the CPCM model, [26-

  7. ALDER, COTTONWOOD, AND SYCAMORE DISTRIBUTION AND REGENERATION ALONG THE NACIMIENTO RIVER, CALIFORNIAI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . It and the San Antonio River have parallel courses, and each is a major tributary to the north-flowing Salinas-1977 drought, cattle concentra tions were excessively high and the range condi tion deteriorated. However

  8. A woodchuck mows down an entire row of new cabbage transplants... A porcupine is destroying a hedge of hemlocks...Flyingsquirrelsarekeepingfamilymembersawake,chatteringandracingthroughthewallsallnight.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    virus can survive in saliva and central nervous tissue for hours after a rabid animal has died. Also or bird seed, bird feeders, bags of garbage. · Do not attempt to manage a wild bear on your own. Contact

  9. Patterns of rhizosphere carbon flux in sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and yellow birch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, Richard P.

    Resources, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA Abstract Despite its importance in the terrestrial C for 4­6 h, and the 13 C label was chased through rhizosphere and bulk soil pools in organic and mineral, this process is regarded as a potentially responsive compo- nent to global change because it is sensitive

  10. Sapstreak disease of sugar maple: Development over time and space. Forest Service research paper (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Houston, D.R.

    1994-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The sapstreak disease is a potentially serious problem of sugarbushes and forest stands. It is caused by the fungus Ceratocystis virescens, which invades sapwood of roots and bases of stems through wounds created during logging, saphauling, or other activities. The publication describes the results of observations and experiments to learn more about the patterns of disease development and the factors that affect them, within individual trees and within representative forests and sugarbushes.

  11. Eigenvalues of matrices depending on a parameter and the Linset Maple library.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeannerod, Claude-Pierre

    reduced form-based methods in order to solve the eigenvalue perturbation problem. Valuation reduced to the de#12;nition and the computation of a valuation reduced form of a matrix depending on a parameter to handle polynomial matrix fractions and perturbed matrices. In particular, it implements some valuation

  12. The Relative Abundance of the Juvenile Phase of the Eastern Red-Spotted Newt at Harvard Forest Prior to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    a great percentage of Eastern Hemlock's range via a number of dispersal agents including wind, birds, deer cause mortality in all age classes of Eastern Hemlock within 4­10 years of infestation (McClure 1991). In central Massachusetts, cold winter temperatures have slowed mortality of Eastern Hemlock in infested

  13. Highly Enantioselective Syntheses of Functionalized r-Methylene--butyrolactones via Rh(I)-catalyzed Intramolecular Alder Ene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xumu

    the utility of our methodology, we introduced various functional groups at the allylic position (Table 3). If R2 is an acetyl group, the desired product is a vinyl acetate-substituted -lactone. If R2 is an alkyl group, a vinyl ether is the corresponding product. Due to the wide applications of vinyl acetates

  14. A convergent intermolecular Diels-Alder approach to the spirocycles found in the marine neurotoxic agents, the gymnodimines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohn, Stephen Todd

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    structural features of gymnodimine include the highly functionalized 15-membered macrocyclic ether, the trisubstituted tetrahydrofuran, the butenolide and especially the rare spirocyclic imine-containing ring system. The two dimensional structure... yield. The racemic synthesis of intermediate 6, which is the most advanced (longest linear sequence) imine-spirocycle precursor prepared in this study, was accomplished in 12 steps and 6. 4% overall yield from PMB ether 4. The intramolecular Diels...

  15. EAST 17TH AVENUE AGATESTREET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cina, Jeff

    of Art Prince Lucien Campbell (PLC) Condon Chapman Johnson Collier House Lokey Education Alder Building

  16. 26 2010 Proceedings Symposium on Ash in North America GTR-NRS-P-72 STRIKE ONE! ALUMINUM. STRIKE TWO! MAPLE.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    --bats used by high school and college players--also are made of aluminum (or a metal alloy) today. Considering all levels of baseball and softball, non-wood bats (aluminum, metal alloys, and composites) now26 2010 Proceedings Symposium on Ash in North America GTR-NRS-P-72 STRIKE ONE! ALUMINUM. STRIKE TWO

  17. Fabrication and performance of polymer-nanocomposite anti-reflective thin films deposited by RIR-MAPLE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singaravelu, S.; Mayo, D. C.; Park, H-. K.; Schriver, K. E.; Klopf, John M. [W& M, JLAB; Kelley, Michael J. [W& M; Haglund, R. F. [VANDERBILT

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Design of polymer anti-reflective (AR) optical coatings for plastic substrates is challenging because polymers exhibit a relatively narrow range of refractive indices. Here, we report synthesis of a four-layer AR stack using hybrid polymer: nanoparticle materials deposited by resonant infrared matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation. An Er: YAG laser ablated frozen solutions of a high-index composite containing TiO2 nanoparticles and poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA), alternating with a layer of PMMA. The optimized AR coatings, with thicknesses calculated using commercial software, yielded a coating for polycarbonate with transmission over 97 %, scattering <3 %, and a reflection coefficient below 0.5 % across the visible range, with a much smaller number of layers than would be predicted by a standard thin film calculation. The TiO2 nanoparticles contribute more to the enhanced refractive index of the high-index layers than can be accounted for by an effective medium model of the nanocomposite.

  18. 122 2010 USDA Research Forum on Invasive Species GTR-NRS-P-75 COMPARISON OF FECUNDITY AND SURVIVAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OF HEMLOCK WOOLLY ADELGID (HEMIPTERA: ADELGIDAE) IN NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN POPULATIONS Artemis Roehrig), Adelges tsugae Annand (Hemiptera: Adelgidae), is an introduced species first reported in the eastern

  19. arsenic poisoning: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CiteSeer Summary: Description: Poison hemlock is a member of the parsnip or carrot family (umbelliferae). This species is a biennial, producing large rosette leaves during the...

  20. allochthonous plant contributions: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    mammals, especially where the maples grow more densely in open habitats. In commercial timber operations, shrub fields of Rocky Mountain maple often interfere with seedling...

  1. Phenylseleno Acrylate As A Novel Ethylene Equivalent for Diels-Alder Reactions And An ortho-Benzoquinone Cycloaddition Strategy Toward Morphine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perez, Felix Rene

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    developed a one pot, catalytic process from acrolein (25).13 The less reactive acrolein 25 was activated by boronthe activating auxiliary. Acrolein was the most successful

  2. Nickel-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura reactions of unactivated halides with alkyl boranes and planar-chiral borabenzene catalysts for Diels-Alder reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Zhe

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Part I describes the expansion in scope of a nickel-catalyzed coupling reaction of unactivated alkyl bromides and alkyl boranes to include unactivated alkyl chlorides. The new method is adapted for use outside of a glove ...

  3. Retro Diels-Alder Reactions of 5,6-Disubstituted-7-oxabicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-enes: Experimental and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaszynski, Piotr

    , the * Author for correspondence: Phone/fax: 615-898-2071/5182. Department of Chemistry, Middle Tennessee State

  4. DataONE currently holds a collection of over 125,000 metadata records linked to data sets in 10 environmental and earth science data reposito-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    analysis cover set analysis cover set forest hemlock species forest hemlock species m biomass cm m biomass discoverable through DataONE.org a t c a l i f o r n i a drinking assessment supply drinking assessment supply nitrogen co2 nitrogen co2 biomass primary biomass primary soil n organic soil n organic river marsh island

  5. Snapping Supernovae at z>1.7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aldering, Greg

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LBNL-61879 Snapping Supernovae at z > 1.7 Greg Aldering,of California. Snapping Supernovae at z > 1.7 Greg Aldering,of very high redshift Type Ia supernovae for cosmology and

  6. anticholinesterase poisoning annual: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    may and speech Make it hard to pay attention and learn FACT Most children get lead poisoning from paint 19 NOXIOUS WEED FACT SHEET Poison Hemlock CiteSeer Summary:...

  7. ash doped uranium: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    57Maple, Hard85Magnolia 58Yellow Poplar86Oak, Chestnut 59Maple, Soft91Oak, White 12 Depleted Uranium Technical Brief Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: and...

  8. UTILITIES -STOKER BOILER REPLACEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayfield, John

    HUGHESAVE COUNTRY CL UBBLVD GRAEBER ST BIG BLU ESTEMCOURT LI TTLE BLUESTEM COURT CO LLEGE MAPLE, WILLOW

  9. The Nearby Supernova FactoryThe Nearby Supernova Factory W.M. Wood-Vasey, G. Aldering, B. C. Lee, S. Loken, P. Nugent, S. Perlmutter, R. Quimby, J. Siegrist, L. Wang Lawrence Berkeley National Lab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .4 0.45 0.5 SupernovaeDiscovered/year/0.02 MagnitudeError Redshift Redshift distribution for Various

  10. [4 + 2] cycloadditions of iminoacetonitriles : synthesis of highly substituted tetrahydropyridines and indolizidine alkaloids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tumidajski, Stephanie

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iminoacetonitriles participate as activated imino dienophiles in intermolecular and intramolecular aza Diels-Alder reactions affording tetrahydropyridines and indolizidines. The [alpha]-amino nitrile cycloadducts are ...

  11. Enantioselective [4 + 2] cycloadditions of iminoacetonitriles : application to the total synthesis of (-)-quinolizidine 2071

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fontaine, Shaun D. (Shaun David)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iminoacetonitriles participate as reactive dienophiles in intramolecular Diels-Alder cycloadditions affording quinolizidines and indolizidines. The resulting a-amino nitrile cycloadducts are versatile intermediates that ...

  12. Exploring Dark Energy with SNAP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aldering, G.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    weak lensing survey. The planned dark energy program forthe Joint Dark Energy Mission (JDEM) will produce a treasureLBNL- 58276 Exploring Dark Energy with SNAP G. Aldering

  13. [4+2] cycloadditions of iminoacetonitriles : a general strategy for the synthesis of quinolizidines, indolizidines, and piperidines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maloney, Kevin M. (Kevin Matthew)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iminoacetonitriles participate as reactive dienophiles in intermolecular and intramolecular Diels-Alder cycloadditions leading to quinolizidines, indolizidines, and piperidines. The resultant a-amino nitrile cycloadducts ...

  14. The kinematics of falling maple seeds and the initial transition to a helical motion This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Z. Jane

    seed falls in a characteristic helical motion. A crude analogy with autorotation of a wind turbine the vertical axis, leading to the gyration about the vertical axis and an opening of the cone angle before. The spiral motion appears to be stable against wind disturbance and is insensitive to the initial conditions

  15. 4/23/06 8:13 PM C:\\Documents and Settings\\Wei Cai\\My Documents\\Courses...\\S522a.m 1 of 3 %adpated from maple file S522 from J. R. Barber, Elasticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Wei

    = subs(diff(t1,x,2),x,0)/factorial(2) s3 = subs(diff(t1,x,1),x,0)/factorial(1) s4 = subs(t1,x,0) s5 s = solve(s1, s2, s3, s4+p, s5, s6, s7, s8, ... s9, s10,s11,s12, s13,s14,s15,s16, ... b1, b2, b3, Fx1,M1, Fy

  16. Hardwood price reporting. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sohngen, B.L.; Haynes, R.W.

    1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The prices for red alder (Alnus rubra) hardwood logs are published and analyzed for reliability, consistency, and robustness. Timberland managers can use these prices to make decisions about land management. They show that values for red alder logs have been increasing steadily for the last 11 years.

  17. Great price spike of '93: An analysis of lumber and stumpage prices in the pacific northwest. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sohngen, B.L.; Haynes, R.W.

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report includes prices for red alder hardwood logs which are published and analyzed for reliability consistency, and robustness. Timberland managers can use these prices to make decisions regarding land management. They show that values for red alder logs have been increasing steadily for the past 11 years.

  18. Established 1980 A geographically-based living museum of documented

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waits, Lisette

    Demonstration Garden Camperdown Weeping Elms Black Spruce Incense Cedar Heathers Palouse Prairie Demonstration Maples Norway Spruce Charles Shattuck Arboretum Established 1910 Public Parking Red Barn WEST PALOUSE

  19. A turtle in a fractal garden 1 Turtle Graphics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutherland, Scott

    are not a standard part of maple. Rather, they are in a #12;le \\turtle.txt" which we will examine in more detail

  20. A turtle in a fractal garden 4.1 Turtle Graphics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutherland, Scott

    here are not a standard part of maple. Rather, they are in a file ``turtle.txt'' which we will examine

  1. acer saccharum saplings: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: Invasive Species Taxonomic Name: Acer platanoides Common Name: Norway maple Physical Description: Growth Type: Acer platanoides is a medium to large shade...

  2. acer pseudoplatanus polymerizes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: Invasive Species Taxonomic Name: Acer platanoides Common Name: Norway maple Physical Description: Growth Type: Acer platanoides is a medium to large shade...

  3. acer freemanii: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: Invasive Species Taxonomic Name: Acer platanoides Common Name: Norway maple Physical Description: Growth Type: Acer platanoides is a medium to large shade...

  4. area battle creek: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Medicine Websites Summary: ITHACA RD DRYDEN RD GAMEFARMRD East Lawn Cemetery Ellis Hollow Athletic Complex R PROPOSED ROAD PROPOSED ROAD PROPOSEDROAD MAPLE AVENUE EXTENSION...

  5. area battlement creek: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Medicine Websites Summary: ITHACA RD DRYDEN RD GAMEFARMRD East Lawn Cemetery Ellis Hollow Athletic Complex R PROPOSED ROAD PROPOSED ROAD PROPOSEDROAD MAPLE AVENUE EXTENSION...

  6. Offshore Wind Jobs and Economic Development Impacts in the United...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    early201202061111769109 Tegen, S.; Hand, M.; Maples, B.; Lantz, E.; Schwabe, P.; Smith, A. (2012). 2010 Cost of Wind Energy Review. NRELTP-5000-52920. National Renewable...

  7. Microsoft Word - Hopkins Ridge BAASA.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Maple Valley Substation and PSE's Talbot Substation. BPA would install audio isolation transformers at the cable crossconnect point to connect AGC suspend send and receive...

  8. Ecosystem carbon dioxide fluxes after disturbance in forests of North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    water balances of a boreal aspen forest, 1994–2003, Globalbanksiana) and trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides). Theranging from jack pine to aspen and maple?basswood? ash (

  9. Climate and Transportation Solutions: Findings from the 2009 Asilomar Conference on Transportation and Energy Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Daniel; Cannon, James S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chapter 2 Climate and Transportation Solutions Chapter 3:Gas Emissions in the Transportation Sector by John Conti,Chase, and John Maples Transportation is the single largest

  10. EIS-0285-SA-62: Supplement Analysis | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Rocky Reach - Maple Valley No. 1 Transmission Line Right of Way from structure 982 to structure 1101. The transmission line is a 500 kilovolt line (April 2002). Supplement...

  11. Magnetism and superconductivi[t]y in Pr-based filled skutterudite arsenides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sayles, Todd Allen

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1.5 Superconductivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .and M. B. Maple, ”Superconductivity and non-Fermi liquidSAN DIEGO Magnetism and Superconductiviy in Pr-based Filled

  12. A procedure for finding the k-th power of a matrix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Branko Malesevic; Ivana Jovovic

    2007-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We give a new procedure in Maple for finding the k-th power of a martix. The algorithm is based on the article [1].

  13. arid lands plants: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    provides considerable cover and nesting habitat for many game birds, songbirds, and small mammals, especially where the maples grow more densely in open habitats. In commercial...

  14. Bell's MA 527 Homework Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Homework 12 · Homework 13 and MAPLE cheat sheets (mws,pdf); Homework 14. A collection of short Flash videos of homework hints from Bell about certain ...

  15. Network Arts: Exposing Cultural Reality David A. Shamma, Sara Owsley, Kristian J. Hammond,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    Bradshaw, Jay Budzik Intelligent Information Laboratory Northwestern University 1890 Maple Avenue, 3rd Floor Evanston, Illinois 60201 +1 (847) 467-1771 {ayman, sowsley, hammond, budzik

  16. Between Now and the Semantic Web Andrew Crossen, Jay Budzik, and Kristian J. Hammond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    Between Now and the Semantic Web Andrew Crossen, Jay Budzik, and Kristian J. Hammond Intelligent Information Laboratory Northwestern University 1890 Maple Ave. Evanston, IL ISA {acrossen, budzik, hammond

  17. Network Arts: Exposing Cultural Reality David A. Shamma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradshaw, Shannon

    , Shannon Bradshaw , Jay Budzik Intelligent Information Laboratory Northwestern University 1890 Maple Avenue, 3rd Floor Evanston, Illinois 60201 +1 847 467 1771 {ayman, sowsley, hammond, budzik

  18. (1) Determine how topography is related to the spatial distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and cool dry summers. Dominant tree species include Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), western hemlock and 3). Terrain is rugged and steep, with a dense network of streams and a climate with warm wet winters-fire salvage b. Stand Basal Area vs Dead Wood Volume 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 Volume

  19. North Landing (can also deck along

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on bike trails. A6 - Aspen A8/M6 - Aspen/Hardwoods AM6 - Aspen/Hardwoods C6 - Cedar H8 - Hemlock K9 - Oak M6 - Hardwoods M6/WP7 - Hardwoods/Pine MK9/MK6 - Oak/Hardwoods MKA8/M6 - Oak/Aspen/Hardwoods Mixed

  20. 2011 ISRP Retrospective Presented by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    but is there competition ­ hatchery vs wild? · Possible density dependent factors as stock size rebuilds. The ISRP sees Time Frames for Results How long will it take to measure the effects of habitat actions? #12;Some improvements will be almost immediate... Hemlock Dam before removal After removal #12;Some will take decades

  1. Texas Range Plants Poisonous to Livestock. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperry, Omer Edison

    1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    College Staiion, Texas CONTENTS Page Pap INTRODUCTION ........................... .------------------ , 3 PART 11. PLANTS LESS COMMONLY TOXIC TO LIVESTOCK THE PROBLEM --------.--------.----------.------------------ 3 Aloysia lycioides, Whitebrush... ------.-.-------... ... 35 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 3 Amaranthzts spp., Careless weed ----------.-.... 3.5 PART 1. IPLAKTS MOST COMMONLY TOXIC TO LIVESTOCK A pocynum canna binum, Dogbane, Indian hemp 35 Cicuta curtissii. Water hemlock -_--------.-...... 36 Acacia berlandieri...

  2. Proceedings of the Symposium on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    F AGRICULTURE GENERAL TECHNICAL Hemlock Dwarf MistletoeREPORT PSW- 31 #12;Proceedings Robert F. Scharpf J o h n R. Parmeter, Jr. Technical Coordinators CONTENTS Page Introduction Opening Records ...... 45 CharlesI,. Bolsinger Approaches to Determining Volume Losses Due to Dwarf Mistletoe ona

  3. www.newphytologist.org 623 Blackwell Publishing, Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    primary production in young stands of trembling aspen, paper birch and sugar maple in response to elevated% in the aspen, aspen­birch and aspen­maple communities, respectively. Tropospheric O3 caused 23, 13 and 14 resulted in total biomass response of -7.8, +8.4 and +24.3% relative to the control in the aspen, aspen

  4. Max-Planck-Institut fur Mathematik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    computational packages, we perform a symmetry classification of destabilizing bifurcations in bidirectional is the equivariant degree and the "Equivariant Degree Maple c Library Package" that performs exact computations is completely taken over by the "Equivariant Degree Maple c Library Package". This equivariant degree approach

  5. THE UMBRAL TRANSFER-MATRIX METHOD: II. Counting Plane Partitions Doron ZEILBERGER 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeilberger, Doron

    of the umbra. In this article we describe the Maple package PPar that automatically constructs Umbral Schemes Evolution Umbra for monotone triangles. An Umbra for r-rowed plane partitions Recall that an r #2;k plane ) : For details study carefully the source code of the Maple package PPar. The next step is to #12;nd the pre-umbra

  6. Theoretical ELSEVIE; Theoretical Computer Science 187 ( 1997) 249-262

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbey, Marc

    MAPLE for the analysis of bifurcation phenomena in gas combustion A. El Hamidi",`, M. Garbeyb aD6 for a premixed burner flame. Many experimental and theoretical works in condensed-phase and gas combustion show of the symbolic manipulation language MAPLE for the analysis of bifurcation phenomena in gas combustion. It shows

  7. Total Synthesis of (?)-Himandrine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Movassaghi, Mohammad

    We describe the first total synthesis of (?)-himandrine, a member of the class II galbulimima alkaloids. Noteworthy features of this chemistry include a diastereoselective Diels?Alder reaction in the rapid synthesis of the ...

  8. The enantioselective total synthesis of (+)-Symbioimine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Born, Stephen Christopher

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    C 10 unit 45, a C 3 unit (acrolein), and tryptophan. The key3 H H NH 3 O N N H O O acrolein -H + N N Diels-Alder N N [

  9. Cyclobutadiene–C[subscript 60] Adducts: N-Type Materials for Organic Photovoltaic Cells with High V[subscript OC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Ggoch Ddeul

    New tetraalkylcyclobutadiene–C[subscript 60] adducts are developed via Diels–Alder cycloaddition of C[subscript 60] with in situ generated cyclobutadienes. The cofacial ?-orbital interactions between the fullerene orbitals ...

  10. Aspects of the phytogeorgraphy of Crowley's Ridge in Arkansas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pecotte, Allen James

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -hickory forest is found on the southern portion of the Ridge top. Call (1891) described areas of the Ridge's vegetation as still par- tially virgin in his day. The two main forest types he described were the maple-beech and the pine-oak forest. The maple...-beech forest dominated and surrounded the Ridge except on the Tertiary outcrops where pine-oak was dominant. This reveals that the maple-beech forest has been severely impacted by man and that the mixed oak-hickory forests are derivations from this once...

  11. Offshore Wind Market and Economic Analysis

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ilities-through-uk-acquisition>. Tegen, S.; Hand, M.; Maples, B.; Lantz, E.; Schwabe, P.; Smith, A. (2012). 2010 Cost of Wind Energy Review. NREL TP-5000-52920. Golden, CO:...

  12. Navigant Market Report 2014

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    atus%20and%20further%20plans.pdf Tegen, S.; Hand, M.; Maples, B.; Lantz, E.; Schwabe, P.; Smith, A. (2012). 2010 Cost of Wind Energy Review. NREL TP-5000-52920. Golden, CO:...

  13. U.S. Offshore Wind Manufacturing and Supply Chain Development

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Accessed March 1, 2012. Tegen, S.; Hand, M.; Maples, B.; Lantz, E.; Schwabe, P.; Smith, A. (2012). "2010 Cost of Wind Energy Review." NREL TP-5000-52920. Golden, CO:...

  14. Approximate Bivariate Factorization, a Geometric Andre Galligo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoeij, Mark van

    INRIA) Laboratoire de Mathematiques Parc Valrose 06108 Nice cedex 02, France galligo@unice.fr Mark van, Maple Code 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Approximate algebra Over the past ten years symbolic-numeric algorithms

  15. Function: Cliplus:-setup -the initialization procedure for the package 'Cliplus' Calling Sequence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ablamowicz, Rafal

    , rational} _quatbasis = [[Id, e3we2, e1we3, e2we1], {`Maple has assigned qi:=-e2we3, qj:=e1we3, qk:=-e1we2

  16. Proceedings of the 17th Central Hardwood Forest Conference GTR-NRS-P-78 (2011) 665 INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    promote oak recruitment and impede the development of red maple competition. Brose and Van Lear (1998 as a single, high-intensity burn (Loftis 1990, Brose and Van Lear 1998). OBJECTIVE The objective of this study

  17. THE UMBRAL TRANSFER-MATRIX METHOD. IV. Counting SELF-AVOIDING POLYGONS And WALKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeilberger, Doron

    , based on Gian-Carlo Rota's seminal notion of the umbra. In this arti* *cle we describe the Maple. 1 #12; the present case, by Gian-Carlo Rota (see [Z1]) who invented the umbra. Then th* *e task

  18. The umbral transfer-matrix method IV. Counting self-avoiding polygons and walks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeilberger, Doron

    on Gian-Carlo Rota's seminal notion of the umbra. In this article we describe the Maple packages USAP]) who invented the umbra. Then the task remains to design an algorithm, and write a program implementing

  19. THE UMBRAL TRANSFER-MATRIX METHOD. IV. Counting SELF-AVOIDING POLYGONS And WALKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeilberger, Doron

    , based on Gian-Carlo Rota's seminal notion of the umbra. In this article we describe the Maple packages; the present case, by Gian-Carlo Rota (see [Z1]) who invented the umbra. Then the task remains to design

  20. Mining Navigation History for Recommendation Xiaobin Fu, Jay Budzik, Kristian J. Hammond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mining Navigation History for Recommendation Xiaobin Fu, Jay Budzik, Kristian J. Hammond Infolab, Northwestern University 1890 Maple Avenue Evanston, IL 60201 1(847) 467-1265 fu, budzik, hammond

  1. Journal Title: Knowledge-Based Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    Budzik Intelligent Information Laboratory Northwestern University 1890 Maple Ave. Evanston, IL 60201 USA +1 847 467-1771 (phone) +1 847 491-5258 (fax) budzik@infolab.nwu.edu Co-Authors: Kristian J. Hammond

  2. User Interactions with Everyday Applications as Context for Just-in-time Information Access

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    Budzik and Kristian J. Hammond Intelligent Information Laboratory Northwestern University 1890 Maple Ave. Evanston, IL 60201 USA {budzik, hammond}@infolab.nwu.edu ABSTRACT Our central claim is that user

  3. Vdume 31 Number 6 A Message from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Anthony P.

    career that began in the late 1950s in the Fraser Valley community of Maple Ridge, where he was a teacher to teaching assistants. I am happy to announce the appointment of Dr. Daniel R. Birch, Dean of the Facultyof

  4. Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapter 1. Systems. 1.1. On Line. In this introductory section we will pose no exercises, but instead, will detail. how to use Maple to solve problems in linear ...

  5. An investigation of the efficacy of service quality and its relationship to visitor satisfaction and future behavior in a zoological setting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomas, Stacy Renee

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    &hes have also examined the effectiveness and utilization of educational materials and programs, and the context of educational environments within zoos that support the acquisition of conservation attitudes and knowledge (Wineman, Piper, k Maple, 1996... of freedom and personal choice in selecting topics, routes through the zoo, and the pacing of stops at exhibits. Winernan, Piper, and Maple (1996) suggested that zoos should provide interactive experiences by making their exhibits more open...

  6. Thermally cleavable surfactants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McElhanon, James R. (Manteca, CA); Simmons, Blake A. (San Francisco, CA); Zifer, Thomas (Manteca, CA); Jamison, Gregory M. (Albuquerque, NM); Loy, Douglas A. (Albuquerque, NM); Rahimian, Kamyar (Albuquerque, NM); Long, Timothy M. (Urbana, IL); Wheeler, David R. (Albuquerque, NM); Staiger, Chad L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2009-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Two new surfactant molecules are reported which contain thermally labile Diels-Alder adducts connecting the polar and non-polar sections of each molecule. The two surfactants possess identical non-polar dodecyl tail segments but exhibit different polar headgroups. The surfactants become soluble in water when anionic salts are formed through the deprotonation of the surfactant headgroups by the addition of potassium hydroxide. When either surfactant is exposed to temperature above about 60.degree. C., the retro Diels-Alder reaction occurs, yielding hydrophilic and hydrophobic fragments or the aqueous solutions of the surfactants subsequently exhibit loss of all surface-active behavior.

  7. Thermally cleavable surfactants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McElhanon, James R. (Manteca, CA); Simmons, Blake A. (San Francisco, CA); Zifer, Thomas (Manteca, CA); Jamison, Gregory M. (Albuquerque, NM); Loy, Douglas A. (Albuquerque, NM); Rahimian, Kamyar (Albuquerque, NM); Long, Timothy M. (Urbana, IL); Wheeler, David R. (Albuquerque, NM); Staiger, Chad L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2009-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Two new surfactant molecules are reported which contain thermally labile Diels-Alder adducts connecting the polar and non-polar sections of each molecule. The two surfactants possess identical non-polar dodecyl tail segments but exhibit different polar headgroups. The surfactants become soluble in water when anionic salts are formed through the deprotonation of the surfactant headgroups by the addition of potassium hydroxide. When either surfactant is exposed to temperature above about 60.degree. C., the retro Diels-Alder reaction occurs, yielding hydrophilic and hydrophobic fragments or the aqueous solutions of the surfactants subsequently exhibit loss of all surface-active behavior.

  8. Thermally cleavable surfactants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McElhanon, James R. (Manteca, CA); Simmons, Blake A. (San Francisco, CA); Zifer, Thomas (Manteca, CA); Jamison, Gregory M. (Albuquerque, NM); Loy, Douglas A. (Albuquerque, NM); Rahimian, Kamyar (Albuquerque, NM); Long, Timothy M. (Urbana, IL); Wheeler, David R. (Albuquerque, NM); Staiger, Chad L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2006-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Two new surfactant molecules are reported which contain thermally labile Diels-Alder adducts connecting the polar and non-polar sections of each molecule. The two surfactants possess identical non-polar dodecyl tail segments but exhibit different polar headgroups. The surfactants become soluble in water when anionic salts are formed through the deprotonation of the surfactant headgroups by the addition of potassium hydroxide. When either surfactant is exposed to temperature above about 60.degree. C., the retro Diels-Alder reaction occurs, yielding hydrophilic and hydrophobic fragments and the aqueous solutions of the surfactants subsequently exhibit loss of all surface-active behavior.

  9. New strategies for the synthesis of azepine-containing alkaloids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tallant, Matthew David

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of dimethyltritylsilyl ether 35. . . . . . . . . . Diels-Alder cyclization of 18 with dimethyl fumarate. . . . . Intramolecular Heck cyclization of enamide 32. . . . . . . , . . . . . Page 23 24 26 27 28 28 30 30 32 33 34 43 xn1 LIST OF TABLES TABLE 1.... 11: Diels-Alder cyclization of 27 with dimethyl fumarate and X-ray structure of dimethyltritylsilyl ether 35. Iicc Or Me Me or C LiBHe, Beo, PhH, gg 'C, 24h ~ "CO Me H 27 87% CO, Me 61% 32 OH Ph, CSiMe2Br DMF, rl, 24 h AgNO3, Iree Ofr...

  10. Diversity of xylariaceous symbionts in Xiphydria woodwasps: role of vector and a host tree

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mycological Society. All rights reserved. doi:10.1016/j.funeco.2010.07.002 f u n g a l e c o l o g y 3 ( 2 0 1 (Acer), alder (Alnus), birch (Betula verrucosa), cherry (Prunus), pear (Pyrus), and elm (Ulmus

  11. Facult des arts et des sciences Dpartement de chimie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parrott, Lael

    -Alder (IEDDA) Methodology in the Synthesis of Designed Pi Systems and Heteroaromatic Natural Products" Salle G of Victoria "Dynamics of Guest Binding with Rigid and Soft Supramolecular Systems" Salle G-715, Pavillon Framework for Biological Systems" Salle 1035, Pavillon J.-A. Bombardier 27 PROFESSEUR SHANNON STAHL

  12. Energy use by biological protein transport pathways

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economou, Tassos

    Energy use by biological protein transport pathways Nathan N. Alder1 and Steven M. Theg2 1 of metabolic energy, using the free energy of ATP and GTP hydrolysis and/or a transmembrane protonmotive force provided insights into the mechanisms of energy transduction, force generation and energy use by different

  13. Matthew Knight Hammer Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    MILLER THEATRE COMPLEX Beall Concert Outdoor Program Barn MRI Bean East Bean West Riverfront Fields Mc Military Science Moss Street Children's Center Knight Law Museum of Natural and Cultural History Bean East Innovation Center Rainier Romania Warehouse Chilled Water Plant Alder PeaceHealth University District

  14. Matthew Knight Hammer Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    Outdoor Program Barn MRI Bean East Bean West Riverfront Fields McClure Morton Sheldon Stafford Young Law Museum of Natural and Cultural History Bean East Campus Graduate Village Ford Alumni Center Chilled Water Plant Alder PeaceHealth University District Northwest Christian University Pioneer Cemetery

  15. All UC Campuses -Astronomers and Researchers Campus/LAB Name Observational Obs/Theory/Physics Email Address

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /Theory/Physics Email Address LBNL Aldering, Greg Optical/IR Obs galdering@lbl.gov LBNL Bailey, Steve BOSS Obs StephenBailey@lbl.gov LBNL Bebek, Chris SNAP Inst CJBebek@lbl.gov LBNL Borrill, Julian CMB computational jdborrill@lbl.gov LBNL Cahn, Robert Theory RNCahn@lbl.gov LBNL Carithers, Bill SNAP Physics WCCarithers@lbl.gov LBNL Kim

  16. Professor Clive Brasier, Forest Research UK Scientific and operational flaws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    circinatum, recently reported from Spain, Italy; now spread to Portugal? .. Photos: Joan Webber Forest and mortality of cork oaks and holm oaks in Spain and Portugal. Origin: Pacific-Celebes area. Phytophthora cinnamomi root disease of Q. ilex, Spain Photo Forest Research UK #12;Phytophthora alni sp. nov. on alder

  17. Common Nesting Bird Species Common Name Latin Name AOU Code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Thomas E.

    -25 m Aspen/Maple AUWA 4 2 14 14 2-16 m Maple/Fir BHGR 3.5 1 12.5 12 2-5 m Maple/Fir WETA 3.5 1 13 10 4 Excavators ACWO 4.5 1 11.5 31 0 % Aspen WISA 5.5 1 13 31.5 28 % Aspen RNSA 5.5 1 13 27 12 % Aspen DOWO 4.5 1.5 12 22.5 0 % Aspen HAWO 4 1 14 29 0 % Aspen RSFL 7.5 1.5 11.5 26.5 56 % Aspen/Fir PYNU 7 1 15.5 22 57

  18. Highly stocked coniferous stands on the Olympic Peninsula: chemical composition and implications for harvest strategy. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Little, S.N.; Waddell, D.R.

    1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents an assessment of macronutrients and their distribution within highly stocked, stagnant stands of mixed conifers on the Quilcene Ranger District, Olympic National Forest, northwest Washington. These stands consisted of predominantly three species: western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla), coast Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menzeisii), and western redcedar (Thuja plicata). Preliminary investigation suggests that the living crown contains a small portion of the nutrient capital on the site. Extracting this material from the site during harvest or site preparation should not pose a threat to future production of biomass. Bioassays suggested that no macronutrients were deficient for growth of Douglas-fir seedlings.

  19. Aspects of the phytogeorgraphy of Crowley's Ridge in Arkansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pecotte, Allen James

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    among the Magnoliaceae. Species migration histories verify the dynamic nature of the vegetation. The presence of loess is perhaps the critical factor in accounting for the presence of an Appalachian element on the Ridge. The Bluffland Hypothesis...-hickory forest is found on the southern portion of the Ridge top. Call (1891) described areas of the Ridge's vegetation as still par- tially virgin in his day. The two main forest types he described were the maple-beech and the pine-oak forest. The maple...

  20. Natural regeneration in two central Idaho grand fir habitat types. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geier-Hayes, K.

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural regeneration of five conifer species was surveyed in two central Idaho grand fir habitat types. The habitat types range from warm, dry (grand fir/white spirea) to mesic (Grand fir/Mountain Maple). Four harvest-regeneration methods and four site preparation techniques were sampled. Recommendations for obtaining natural regeneration vary primarily by habitat type. Conifer seedlings in the warm, dry grand fir white spirea habitat type require site protection for establishment. In the mesic grand fir/mountain maple habitat type, tall shrub potential can reduce the opportunity to establish early seral conifer species.

  1. Table 1. Annual estimates, uncertainty, and change Figure 1. Area of timberland and forest land by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    errors/bars provided in figures and tables represent 68 percent confidence intervals 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4/American elm/red maple White oak/red oak/hickory Area (1,000 acres) Small Medium Large #12;Table 2. ­ Top 10

  2. Table 1. Annual estimates and uncertainty Figure 1. Area of timberland and forest land by year.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .4 23.5 16,486 3.6 19.0 All Species 26,915 1.3 100.0 86,707 2.0 100.0 Proportion of total sawtimber,000.000acres) Year Timberland Forest land 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Oak/hickory Maple/beech/birch Oak/pine Elm

  3. Table 1. Annual estimates, uncertainty, and change Figure 1. Area of timberland and forest land by year.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of growing-stock trees (1,000,000 ft3 ) 14,104 2.0 3.1 Annual net growth of growing- stock trees (1,000 ft3 2000 2010 Area(1,000,000acres) Year Large Medium Small 0 1 2 3 4 Oak/hickory Maple/beech/birch Elm

  4. Table 1. Annual estimates, uncertainty, and change Figure 1. Area of timberland and forest land by year.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,000,000 ft3 ) 15,552 1.8 3.9 Net volume of growing-stock trees (1,000,000 ft3 ) 13,903 2.0 1.6 Annual net Area(1,000,000acres) Year Forest Land Timberland 0 1 2 3 4 Oak/hickory Maple/beech/birch Elm

  5. DeCoding Your Housing Assignment Confused by the letters and numbers that comprise your housing assignment? If so, the following

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howitt, Ivan

    DeCoding Your Housing Assignment Confused by the letters and numbers that comprise your housing Delta Zeta House CE Cedar Hall HA Hawthorn Hall CL CF Lynch Hall HI Hickory Hall EL Elm Hall HL Holshouser Hall G01 Kappa Sigma House HT Hunt Hall G02 Lambda Chi Alpha House MA Maple Hall G03 Zeta Tau

  6. Bala, K., P. Dutre (eds.). Render-ing Techniques 2005. Springer-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    . Reliable Distributed Systems: Technologies, Web Ser- vice, and Applications. Springer- Verlag Kleinberg, J. Gehrke. Database Management Systems, 2nd edition. McGraw-Hill Schneider, F.B. Trust in Cyber- space to Maple. Prentice Hall Schwartz, D. Introduction to UNIX. Prentice Hall 1997 Birman, K. Building Secure

  7. TABLE D'HTE PRICES INCLUDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Carrot Soup, Chive Oil Parsnip Root Soup, Apple Infused Sour Cream Crostini extra : $2.00 MAIN COURSES with Potato Flan and Market Vegetables $69.25 Maple and Sichuan Peppercorn Salmon over a Panko Crusted Risotto Cake served with Market Vegetables $67.25 Ricotta and Spinach Cannelloni topped with a Roasted Tomato

  8. INVENTORY FOR ELGAR COURT FLAT NO. BLOCK NO. ROOM NO.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    INVENTORY FOR ELGAR COURT FLAT NO. BLOCK NO. ROOM NO. Staff on the Vale Village try to ensure and cleaned to a high standard. Please make sure that you complete this inventory and note down anything which rail x 1 INVENTORY FOR MAPLE BANK FLAT NO: BLOCK NO: ROOM NO: NAME: TELEPHONE EXT. NO: #12;How

  9. Ris National Laboratory DTU Optics and Plasma Research Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø National Laboratory DTU Postprint Optics and Plasma Research Department 2007 Paper: www (MAPLE) K Rodrigo1,2, J Schou1#, B Toftmann1 and R Pedrys2 1 Department of Optics and Plasma Research Department of Optics and Plasma Research, Risø National Laboratory, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark 2 Institute

  10. June 2014 Newell Drive Menu c:\\users\\hmonkhorst\\appdata\\local\\microsoft\\windows\\temporary internet files\\content.outlook\\azxec63b\\june

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zapletal, Jindrich

    Sandwich on Wheat S: Graham Crackers, Peaches 16 17 18 19 20 B: Cold Cereal, Orange Juice, Milk L: Latin Turkey Breast w/ Gravy, Maple Caramelized Carrots, Whole Wheat Penne Pasta, Crushed Pineapple, Milk Meat Alt- Dinner Roll S: Birthday Day Snack Angel Food Cake, Vanilla Ice Cream 23 24 25 26 27 B: Cold

  11. March 2014 Newell Drive Menu \\\\ad.ufl.edu\\hr\\home\\agould\\desktop\\march 2014.docx

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    Dairy Alt- Turkey Sandwich on Wheat S: Birthday Day Snack Angel Food Cake, Vanilla Ice Cream 24 25 26 27: Oatmeal, Bananas, Milk L: Roasted Turkey Breast w/ Gravy, Maple Caramelized Carrots, Whole Wheat Penne Alt- Turkey Sandwich on Wheat S: Vanilla Wafers, Peaches B: Banana Muffin, Crushed Pineapple, Milk L

  12. Improved Connectivity using Hybrid Uni/Omni-Directional Antennas in Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwon, Ji Heon

    2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    In partial fulfillment of the requirements of the UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOWS April 2008 Major: Electrical Engineering ii ABSTRACT Improved Connectivity using Hybrid Uni/Omni-Directional Antennas in Sensor Networks (April 2008... environments: MATLAB, Maple Design automation tools: SIMULINK, PSpice, MAX+PLUS II LEADERSHIP & ACTIVITIES Student Engineers’ Council Undergraduate Curriculum Committee, Dept. of Computer Science Computing Service Advisory Committee, Dept. of Computer...

  13. National Center for Environmental Health Division of Emergency and Environmental Health Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    staff. EPHOC Target Audiences · New-hire environmental public health professional with a science major). · Occupational Safety and Health (Elizabeth Maples, UAB School of Public Health Environmental Health SciencesNational Center for Environmental Health Division of Emergency and Environmental Health Services

  14. Towards A Mathematical Services Description Olga Caprotti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Towards A Mathematical Services Description Language Olga Caprotti Wolfgang Schreiner Research Introduction In the recent years, mathematical software systems, i.e., computer algebra systems like Maple. There are numerous examples in the literature of scien- ti#12;c software needing access to computer algebra methods

  15. GREEN MOUNTAIN MORRIS DANCERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mountain (boys) and Maple Leaf (girls) will be recruiting new members in January 2009, typically 6th grade to Chris.Levey@dartmouth.edu. Morris dancing is an energetic stick clashing, bell ringing, handkerchief, 2008: New England Folk Festival (NEFFA) Perform Saturday 3-4pm at the main entrance. May 1, 2008

  16. Gamma-Normal Probability Distribution Arc Length

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hesam

    2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    1Department of Industrial Engineering, Mazandaran University of Science and ... The shortest path problem has been widely studied in the fields of operations research, computer ... There are several methods to find the shortest path from ..... To solve this integral we used the mathematical software Maple 15 but it was not

  17. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, Nov. 2005, p. 69266933 Vol. 71, No. 11 0099-2240/05/$08.00 0 doi:10.1128/AEM.71.11.69266933.2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michel Jr., Frederick C.

    Morrison1 The MAPLE Research Initiative, Department of Animal Sciences,1 Department of Food, Agricultural in agricultural environments. These real-time PCR assays provide rapid, quantitative, cultivation or wastewater or by other routes, such as meat or milk products (8, 13, 19, 35). Second, some commensal bacteria

  18. EVERY REAL ELLIPSOID IN C2 ADMITS CR UMBILICAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ji, Shanyu

    , RootOf, `^`, constant, function, rational, mathfunc} _quatbasis = [[Id, e3we2, e1we3, e2we1], {`Maple has assigned qi:=-e2we3, qj:=e1we3, qk:=-e1we2`}] `************* End *************` `>>> Global

  19. Vector bundles on curves over Cp Annette Werner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Werner, Annette

    , rational, indexed, numeric, RootOf, mathfunc, `^`} _quatbasis = [[Id, e3we2, e1we3, e2we1], {`Maple has assigned qi:=-e2we3, qj:=e1we3, qk:=-e1we2`}] `************* End *************` `>>> Global variables

  20. Colorado State University Cooperative Extension. 9/99.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are affected by this disease, including aspen, birch, cottonwood, poplar, spruce, willow, ash, maple, elm Cytospora. These pathogens affect many species of trees in Colorado, including aspen, cottonwood, lombardy are host specific and will not spread to other tree species. Aspen and cottonwoods are attacked by the same

  1. A Vision of the Future Michigan State University undertakes forest management on its properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) 2-year-old aspen regeneration in a clearcut, (3) sugar maple seedlings wait for release, (4) high slowly. The first surveyors found that most of Neebish Island was covered by aspen-birch forests around. The forests are still primarily dominated by aspen and bir

  2. Ecology 2003 17, 289304

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    forests to elevated CO2: a synthesis of molecular to ecosystem results from the Aspen FACE project D. F different functional groups (the indeterminate, pioneer, O3-sensitive species Trembling Aspen, Populus remarkably consist- ent in pure Aspen stands and in mixed Aspen/Birch and Aspen/Maple stands, from leaf

  3. Green Chemistry Dynamic Article Links Cite this: Green Chem., 2011, 13, 91

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Riverside, University of

    Green Chemistry Dynamic Article Links Cite this: Green Chem., 2011, 13, 91 www.rsc.org/greenchem PAPER Renewable gasoline from aqueous phase hydrodeoxygenation of aqueous sugar solutions prepared In this paper we demonstrate an integrated process for the production of high octane gasoline from maple wood

  4. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-203. 2007. 67 Reintroducing Fire to the Oak Forests of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    of Pennsylvania: Response of Striped Maple1 Patrick H. Brose,2 Gary W. Miller,3 and Kurt W. Gottschalk3 Abstract throughout eastern North America, including the mid-Atlantic region (Abrams 1992, Brose et al. 2001, Yaussy, WV. #12;Management Strategies--Reintroducing Fire to Oak Forests--Brose et al. USDA Forest Service

  5. On the Complexity of the Montes Ideal Factorization Algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, David

    into two main variations, the "one-element" method [8] and the "two-element" method [16]. Versions of the one-element method are used by Maple and PARI. The two-element method is used, e.g., by Magma an alternative to the methods based on ideas of Zassen- haus. A familiar application of Newton polygons gives

  6. PLM Mathrice 9 fevrier 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langevin, Rémi

    PLM Mathrice 9 f´evrier 2011 Personnalisation du hostname affich´e par Matlab et Maple Lorsque ' ; return 0; } 1 http://plm.math.cnrs.fr/my-hostname.h 2 http://plm.math.cnrs.fr/my-hostname.c #12;La

  7. Getting Started with Mathematica Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkana, Rennan

    and computer. Every command, function, option, button, menu, or object in Mathematica fits into this philosophy, generalization, and pattern discovery. If you feel you do not fit this profile, you might want to learn Maple -> Open Select Open from the File menu. 3,Ctl-6,5 Press 3, then hold the Control key and press 6

  8. Computational Algebra Group Centre for Experimental and Constructive Mathematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Computational Algebra Group Centre for Experimental and Constructive Mathematics Department - y + 1 0 1 Introduction Our goal is to do linear algebra computations over arbitrary rings and fields. We have written a Maple package, GenericLinearAlgebra, that implements the following commands

  9. Beyond Similarity Jay Budzik, Kristian J. Hammond, Larry Birnbaum, and Marko Krema

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    Beyond Similarity Jay Budzik, Kristian J. Hammond, Larry Birnbaum, and Marko Krema Intelligent Information Laboratory Northwestern University 1890 Maple Ave. Evanston, IL USA {budzik, hammond, birnbaum (Lieberman 1995, Rhodes and Starner 1996, Badue, Vaz, and Albuquerque 1998, Budzik et al. 1998, Kulyukin 1999

  10. Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    Jay Budzik, Sanjay Sood, Kristian J. Hammond, and Larry Birnbaum Abstract The Watson system-in-time Retrieval: Adapting the Watson System to User Needs Jay Budzik Center for Technology Commercialization Northwestern University 1801 Maple Ave., Evanston, IL 60201 USA +1 847 467 6158 budzik

  11. Thermally Enhanced Pipe for Geothermal Applications Stphane Gonthier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in St-Lazare, QC, Canada · Leaders in Pipe and Tubing in Niche Markets · Over 30 years of experienceThermally Enhanced Pipe for Geothermal Applications Stéphane Gonthier Président ­ Versaprofiles Inc pipe and profile extrusion · Markets ­ Geothermal ­ Potable Water Distribution ­ Maple Sap Collection

  12. Time Series Analysis of Aviation Dr. Richard Xie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is free · R is a language, not just a statistical tool · R makes graphics and visualization of the best, Mathematica, Maple ­ SAS, SPSS, STATA, R ­ ROOT, PAW, KNIME, Data Applied, etc. ­ Others #12;Use R! · R quality · A flexible statistical analysis toolkit · Access to powerful, cutting-edge analytics · A robust

  13. The University of Iowa College of Engineering Engineering Professional Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Mathews

    Honeywell Des Plaines, IL Hydrite Chemical Co. Waterloo, IA IATL: Center for Global Environmental Research Argonne National Laboratory Argonne, IL Barr Engineering Minneapolis, MN Boston Scientific Maple Grove, MN Decatur, IL Caterpiller Mossville, IL Caterpiller Peoria, IL Cedar River Paper Company Cedar Rapids, IA

  14. Kenneth D. Forbus Qualitative Reasoning Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forbus, Kenneth D.

    Northwestern University 1890 Maple Avenue, Evanston, IL, 60201 Abstract Qualitative reasoners have been use of qualitative reasoning by engineers, scientists, and plain folks suggests that tractable: By tightly integrating numerical and qualitative models, behavior can be ex- plained as well as predicted

  15. Modeling infant learning via symbolic structural alignment Sven E. Kuehne (skuehne@ils.nwu.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forbus, Kenneth D.

    Modeling infant learning via symbolic structural alignment Sven E. Kuehne (skuehne@ils.nwu.edu) Department of Computer Science, Northwestern University 1890 Maple Avenue, Evanston, IL 60201 USA Dedre, IL 60201 USA Kenneth D. Forbus (forbus@ils.nwu.edu) Department of Computer Science, Northwestern

  16. Field Station Contributors, 2001 Anderson, Garry and Janice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polly, David

    and Bessie Hamilton, Stanley and Mary Hattin, Don and Marge Hemund, Maxine Jacobs, Alan and Luanna Kammer, Thomas and Heidi Keller, Stanley and Teresa Kemmerer, Bryan Koch, Philip and Ellen Kooters Geology Tools Maples, Christopher and Sara Mead, Thomas and Lenore Meyers, James and Margaret Murray, James Orgill, J

  17. Practice Problems 12: Answers 1. Kansas can be modelled as a rectangle of length 500 miles and of height 300 miles. The population density

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKay, Benjamin

    Calculus I Practice Problems 12: Answers 1. Kansas can be modelled as a rectangle of length 500 x3 3 500 0 ¢ 4 25 million 2. A pencil sharpener is made by drilling a cone out of a sphere computation is arithmetically tedious, and is best done on the computer (I used MAPLE). PSfrag replacements -1

  18. Carbohydrate Polymers 92 (2013) 334344 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Riverside, University of

    , at a price of less than $80 per dry ton for forestry biomass and less than $60 per dry ton for agricultural biomass ("U.S. Billion-Ton Update: Biomass Supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry," 2011). Consis: Biomass Supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry," 2011). Red maple (Acer rubrum), also known

  19. New Light on Dark Energy (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Linder, Eric; Ho, Shirly; Aldering, Greg; Fraiknoi, Andrew

    2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A panel of Lab scientists ? including Eric Linder, Shirly Ho, and Greg Aldering ? along with Andrew Fraiknoi, the Bay Area's most popular astronomy explainer, gathered at the Berkeley Repertory Theatre on Monday, April 25, 2011, for a discussion about "New Light on Dark Energy." Topics will include hunting down Type 1a supernovae, measuring the universe using baryon oscillation, and whether dark energy is the true driver of the universe.

  20. Think You Know Ketchup, Think Again

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owens, Sarah; Merckling, Jason; Lane, Darius

    2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    , Habanero Heat and Thai Ginger top the list of preferred flavors. Alder Wood, Lemon Twist and Lime Fresco are the least likely to use. Roasterie Coffee is a huge seller for Fine Vines, althought maybe the perception of ketchup mixing with coffee... Communications at the University of Kansas in May 2014. Jason Merckling is a Hospital District Sales Manager for Daiichi Sankyo, a mid-sized pharmaceutical company based in Tokyo, Japan. United States headquarters is in Parsippany, NJ. Jason’s responsibilities...

  1. Evaluating the Contribution of Climate Forcing and Forest Dynamics to Accelerating Carbon Sequestration by Forest Ecosystems in the Northeastern U.S.: Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Munger, J. William [Harvard University, SEAS; Foster, David R. [Harvard University, Harvard Forest; Richardson, Andrew D. [Harvard University, OEB

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes work to improve quantitative understanding of the terrestrial ecosystem processes that control carbon sequestration in unmanaged forests It builds upon the comprehensive long-term observations of CO2 fluxes, climate and forest structure and function at the Harvard Forest in Petersham, MA. This record includes the longest CO2 flux time series in the world. The site is a keystone for the AmeriFlux network. Project Description The project synthesizes observations made at the Harvard Forest HFEMS and Hemlock towers, which represent the dominant mixed deciduous and coniferous forest types in the northeastern United States. The 20+ year record of carbon uptake at Harvard Forest and the associated comprehensive meteorological and biometric data, comprise one of the best data sets to challenge ecosystem models on time scales spanning hourly, daily, monthly, interannual and multi-decadal intervals, as needed to understand ecosystem change and climate feedbacks.

  2. Levels-of-growing-stock cooperative study in douglas-fir: Report No. 13. The Francis study, 1963-90. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoyer, G.E.; Andersen, N.A.; Marshall, D.

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The levels-of-growing-stock studies in Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco), were designed to test the influence of treatment regimes by using a wide range of retained growing stock on the development of forest growth, yield, and stand structure. Results of the Francis installation located in the headwaters of the Willapa River in Pacific County, Washington, are summarized from calibration at age 15 through age 42 (completion of 60 feet of height growth from calibration, and the planned course of the experimental thinnings plus 5 years). In addition to the eight basic treatments and control common to the other eight study installations in the region, five additional treatments were added at Francis; four late first thinnings (at age 25), which matched the level of growing stock of four standard fixed treatments, and an unthinned western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg.). Estimated Douglas-fir site index (50-year base) of this plantation is 124, a mid site II.

  3. Stand characteristics of 65-year-old planted and naturally regenerated stands near Sequim, Washington. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, R.E.; Anderson, H.W.

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tree numbers, height, and volume were determined in six 63- to 66-year-old plantations of coast Douglas-fir (Pseudotsunga menziesii) (Mirb.) Franco var. menziesii in northwest Washington. These stands resulted from the first extensive plantings of this species in the Pacific Northwest. Data from 0.25-acre plots in these plantations were compared to those from matched plots in adjacent, naturally regenerated stands with the same history of logging, wildfire, and absence of further siviculture after regeneration. Planting resulted in well-stocked Douglas-fir stands with volunteers of other tree species. Natural seeding resulted in similarly stocked stands of western hemlock (Tsunga heterophylla) (Raf.) (Sarg.) with Douglas-fir in the dominant crown class.

  4. Table 1. Annual estimates, uncertainty, and change. Figure 2. Forest land area by stand-size class* for top

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (1,000,000 ft3 ) 13,741 2.0 0.9 Annual net growth of growing-stock trees (1,000 ft3 /year) 382,226 3,000,000acres) Year Large diameter Medium diameter Small diameter 0 1 2 3 4 Oak/hickory Maple/beech/birch Elm Black cherry White oak Aspen Ash Virginia pine Black locust Scarlet oak Elm Average Annual Mortality

  5. Figure 3. Area of timberland by stand-size class (based on small, medium, and large trees) and year.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of growing- stock trees (1,000 ft3/year) 13,626 30.7 -51.6 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 Maple/beech/birch Oak/hickory Aspen/birch Spruce/fir Elm/ash/cottonwood White/red/jack pine Oak/pine Forest Land

  6. Trees as Filters of Radioactive Fallout from the Chernobyl Accident

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brownridge, James D

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is a copy of an unpublished study of the filtering effect of red maple trees (acer rubrum) on fission product fallout near Binghamton, NY, USA following the 1986 Chernobyl accident. The conclusions of this work may offer some insight into what is happening in the forests exposed to fallout from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plant accident. This posting is in memory of Noel K. Yeh.

  7. Primary decomposition of zero-dimensional ideals: Putting Monico's algorithm into practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreno Maza, Marc

    ". In this extended abstract, we report on new sets of experiments, in the Maple and Magma systems, for which our their multiplicities. For i = 1, . . . , , define ri = cmi i (t) A, and take for Ri any preimage of ri in k[X1; 2. factoring t as t = cm1 1 · · · cm ; 3. computing cmi i (t) for all i. In this work, we

  8. Derivatives of the adduct between 1,2,3,4-tetrachloro-5,5-dimethoxycyclopentadiene and substituted quinones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miles, Brad Howard

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Derivative of the Dione V Into a 250 ml. flask were placed 2 g. (0. 0054 mole) of the dione (V) and 25 mls. of ethyl alcohol. To this was added an excess of a 224-dinitrophenylhydrazine reagent (H P04 ? ethyl alcohol) . The bright yellow precipitate 9... of these three adducts yields the same compound, 5, 6, 7, 8-tetrachloro-9, 9-di- methoxy-2, $, 4a, 5, 8, 8a-hexahydro-5, 8-methaneonaphthalene- 1, 4-dione. These Diels-Alder adducts form their enol isomers (or tautomers) in both acidic and basic solutions...

  9. Toward the Total Synthesis of Norzoanthamine: The Development of a Transannular Michael Reaction Cascade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xue, Haoran

    2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    .28 was treated with dimethyl carbonate in the presence of t-BuOLi followed by methylation to form 11 lactone 1.29, presumably through C-acylation to form the lactone followed by O- methylation to give the methyl ether. The methyl group at C9... ester 1.21. Subsequent silyl enol ether formation provided the key intermediate 1.22 for the intramolecular Diels-Alder reaction. Scheme 1.4. Miyashita?s synthesis of the ABC ring system of norzoanthamine O + LiCu OTIPS 2 1. TMSCl, THF 2. Bu...

  10. Nucleophilic Additions to 3-Azido-hexanal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schroeder, Chad E.

    2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    , the Aub? group was able to quickly convert ?-azido propanal into an azido diene, and submit it to a tandem Diels-Alder/Schmidt reaction, thus producing a tricyclic lactam diastereoselectively. 7 Another common intramolecular reaction used with linear... and butanal (Scheme 3). 12,13 The authors propose the boat transition state 5 D, in which the nucleophile is reacting with the carbonyl at the B?rgi/Dunitz angle of atack and is relatively fre of strain, as a plausible explanation for the observed...

  11. Ecology of the predator assemblage affecting nest success of passerines in Sierra Nevada, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cocimano, Maria C.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    were surveyed since 1997 (15 from 1997 to 2006, plus 6 added in 2003). My study areas were located in montane meadows in central Sierra Nevada, California, USA, including El Dorado, Placer, Nevada, and Sierra counties. The area presents a... the line intercept method (Bonham 1989), using a pole (200 cm tall ? 1.25 cm diameter). I took measurements every 3 meters, including vegetation type, as each species of plant that touched the pole (willow, other shrub species, grass/forbs, aspen, alder...

  12. Ammonium nitrate, urea, and biuret fertilizers increase volume growth of 57-year-old douglas-fir trees within a gradient of nitrogen deficiency. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, R.E.; Reukema, D.L.; Hazard, J.W.

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a nitrogen-deficient plantation in southwest Washington, the authors (1) compared effects of 224 kg N/ha as ammonium nitrate, urea, and biuret on volume growth of dominant and codominant Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii (Mirb.) Franco); (2) determined how 8-year response of these trees to fertilization was related to their distance from a strip of the plantation interplanted with nitrogen-fixing red alder (alnus rubra Bong.); and (3) observed effects of biuret on understory vegetation. On both sides of the strip centerline, the authors grouped subject trees into 30 plots of 4 trees each, based on slope position and distance from alder. The authors randomly assigned three fertilizers and a control within each plot. They analyzed separately data from east and west of the mixed stand certerline. Initial volume differed greatly among the 120 trees on each side, so they used covariance analysis to adjust observed treatment means. Adjusted mean volume growth was increased (p equal to or less than 0.10) by 22 to 28 percent on the east side and by 11 to 14 percent on the west side, with no significant difference in response to the three fertilizers.

  13. Photochemistry of 1 and 2-(2-methylphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene. [4a-methyl-1,2,3,4,4a,9,10,10a-octahydrophenanthrene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barrows, R.D.; Hornback, J.M.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In an attempt to synthesize partially saturated phenanthrene derivatives by an intramolecular Diels-Alder reaction between a photochemically produced o-xylylene (diene) and a tethered dienophile, it was found that 1 and 2 underwent a photochemically allowed (2 + 2) cycloaddition. Irradiation of 1 gave 6-(2-methylphenyl)bicyclo(3.2.0)heptane in 86% yield. Upon irradiation of 2, a benzvalene rearrangement of 2 first took place, producing the meta isomer 2-(3-methylphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene, followed by a (2 + 2) photocycloaddition giving 1-(3-methylphenyl)bicyclo(3.2.0)heptane in 15% yield. Direct irradiation of 2-(3-methylphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene gave the same bicyclo derivative as 2 in 34% yield. Examination of the fluorescence spectra of 1 and 2 in comparison with 1-(2-methylphenyl)propene and 2-(2-methylphenyl)-1-butene, respectively, has shown that 1 may be biased toward (2 + 2) cycloaddition where 2 is not biased toward (2 + 2) photocycloization. Attempts to produce 4a-methyl-1,2,3,4,4a,9,10,10a-octahydrophenanthrene by an intramolecular Diels-Alder reaction of the o-xylylene produced by irradiation of 3 will also be described.

  14. Detection of long-term trends in carbon accumulation by forests in Northeastern U. S. and determination of causal factors: Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. William Munger; Steven C. Wofsy; David R. Foster

    2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall project goal was to quantify the trends and variability for Net ecosystem exchange of CO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}O, and energy by northeastern forests, with particular attention to the role of succession, differences in species composition, legacies of past land use, and disturbances. Measurements included flux measurements and observations of biomass accumulation using ecosystem modeling as a framework for data interpretation. Continuation of the long-term record at the Environmental Measurement Site (EMS) Tower was a priority. The final quality-assured CO{sub 2}-flux data now extend through 2010. Data through 2011 are collected but not yet finalized. Biomass observations on the plot array centered on the tower are extended to 2011. Two additional towers in a hemlock stand (HEM) and a younger deciduous stand (LPH) complement the EMS tower by focusing on stands with different species composition or age distribution and disturbance history, but comparable climate and soil type. Over the period since 1993 the forest has added 24.4 Mg-C ha{sup -1} in the living trees. Annual net carbon uptake had been increasing from about 2 Mg-C ha{sup -1}y{sup -1} in the early 1990s to nearly 6 Mg-C ha{sup -1}y{sup -1} by 2008, but declined in 2009-2010. We attribute the increasing carbon uptake to a combination of warmer temperatures, increased photosynthetic efficiency, and increased influence by subcanopy hemlocks that are active in the early spring and late autumn when temperatures are above freezing but the deciduous canopy is bare. Not all of the increased carbon accumulation was found in woody biomass. Results from a study using data to optimize parameters in an ecosystem process model indicate that significant changes in model parameters for photosynthetic capacity and shifts in allocation to slow cycling soil organic matter are necessary for the model to match the observed trends. The emerging working hypothesis is that the pattern of increasing carbon uptake over the early 2000's represents a transient pulse that will eventually end as decomposition of the accumulated carbon catches up.

  15. West Virginia's Forest Resources, 2011 Research Note NRS-148 This publication provides an overview of forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timberland #12;0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.7 1.8 4.4 5.8 0.0 1.0 2.0 diameter Stand-size Class 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Oak/hickory Maple/beech/birch Oak/pine Pitch/Virginia pine Elm

  16. On distinguishing trees by their chromatic symmetric functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jeremy L.; Morin, Matthew; Wagner, Jennifer D.

    2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Victor Reiner, Bruce Sagan, and Stephanie van Willigenburg for many helpful con- versations. The database of trees constructed by Piec, Malarz, and Kulakowski [14], and John Stembridge’s freely available Maple package SF, were invaluable for calculating... the edges of each Li as ei,1, ei,2, . . . , ei,?i , starting from the leaf and reading in toward the torso, then ?ei,j? = min(j, n? j). Case 1: ?1 ? n ? ?1. Then j ? n ? j for every edge ei,j . In this case da = #{i | ?i ? a}, and d(T ) is just the conjugate...

  17. Forest structure of the big Thicket Scenic Area, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, Daniel Harrison

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Cahaba series. Lob- lolly pine, water oak, black gum, and red maple are the dominant species visible. Interior view of stand 3, Lucy series. The large tree is southern magnolia and the under- story is redbay. Interior view of the bayhead stand (12...-hardwood forest which originally encompassed an area of two million acres (McLeod 1967). It contains elements of the oak-pine and southeastern ever- green forest regions of Braun (1950) and represents the westernmost extent of the southern mixed hardwood...

  18. Mapleton, North Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther,Jemez PuebloManteca, California:Park, Illinois:MapleMapleton,

  19. Existing Generating Unit in the United States by State and Energy Source, 2003

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1 U.S. DepartmentOregon826 detailed data TheJohn Maples 2011

  20. Existing Generating Unit in the United States by State and Energy Source, 2004

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1 U.S. DepartmentOregon826 detailed data TheJohn Maples 20114"

  1. Existing Generating Unit in the United States by State and Energy Source, 2005

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1 U.S. DepartmentOregon826 detailed data TheJohn Maples 20114"5"

  2. Existing Generating Unit in the United States by State and Energy Source, 2006

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1 U.S. DepartmentOregon826 detailed data TheJohn Maples

  3. Existing Generating Unit in the United States by State and Energy Source, 2007

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1 U.S. DepartmentOregon826 detailed data TheJohn Maples7" "Note:

  4. Existing Generating Unit in the United States by State and Energy Source, 2008

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1 U.S. DepartmentOregon826 detailed data TheJohn Maples7"

  5. Existing Generating Unit in the United States by State and Energy Source, 2009

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1 U.S. DepartmentOregon826 detailed data TheJohn Maples7"09"

  6. Test of four stand growth simulators for the northeastern United States. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schuler, T.M.; Marquis, D.A.; Ernst, R.L.; Simpson, B.T.

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SILVAH, FIBER, NE-TWIGS, and OAKSIM simulators, commonly used in the northeastern United States, were evaluated by comparing predicted stand development with actual stand development records for periods ranging from 15 to 50 years. Results varied with stand parameter, forest type, projection length, and geographic area. Except in the spruce-fir forest type where FIBER stands out as the best simulator, no single simulator is clearly superior to the others for all locations within a forest type. In general, FIBER, NE-TWIGS, and SILVAH performed best in the northern hardwood (beech-birch-maple) forest type: NE-TWIGS and SILVAH performed best in the Allegheny hardwood (cherry-maple) forest type; SILVAH and OAKSIM performed best in the oak-hickory forest type; and SILVAH was most suitable in the transition hardwood (mixture of northern hardwoods and oaks) forest type. The results give growth and yield model users more information for selecting the simulator most suitable for their particular needs. The results also can be used as a diagnostic tool for growth and yield model development.

  7. On the role of interfacial hydrogen bonds in "on-water" catalysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kristof Karhan; Rustam Z. Khaliullin; Thomas D. Kühne

    2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Numerous experiments have demonstrated that many classes of organic reactions exhibit increased reaction rates when performed in heterogeneous water emulsions. Despite enormous practical importance of the observed "on-water" catalytic effect and several mechanistic studies, its microscopic origins remains unclear. In this work, the second generation Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics method is extended to self-consistent charge density-functional based tight-binding in order to study "on-water" catalysis of the Diels-Alder reaction between dimethyl azodicarboxylate and quadricyclane. We find that the stabilization of the transition state by dangling hydrogen bonds exposed at the aqueous interfaces plays a significantly smaller role in "on-water" catalysis than has been suggested previously.

  8. Initial and continued effects of a release spray in a coastal Oregon douglas-fir plantation. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, R.E.; Obermeyer, E.L.

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Portions of a 4-year-old Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) plantation were sprayed with herbicide. Five years after spraying the authors established 18 plots and used several means to determine retrospectively that six plots probably received full spray treatment and six others received no spray. Various portions of the remaining six plots were sprayed. Herbicide reduced number and size of red alder (Alnus rubra Bong.), increased number and size of planted Douglas-fir, damaged terminal shoots of Douglas-fir resulting in more abnormal boles and branching, and increased number of volunteer conifers. Fifteen of the eighteen plots were thinned, in the subsequent 6 years, thinned plots that had received full release at age 4 averaged 9 percent more volume growth (all species) than plots not released.

  9. Dynamics of white pine in New England. Forest Service research paper (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leak, W.B.; Cullen, J.B.; Frieswyk, T.S.

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The growth, regeneration, and quality of white pine between the 1970`s and 1980`s were analyzed for the six-state New England region. Growth was comparable among all states except for Rhode Island where the growth (1.71%) was low in comparison with other states and with the growth of red maples (4.29%) within the state. For all states, the proportion of acreage in white pine seedling/sapling stands was too small (8%) to maintain the current volume and acreage of the species. The percentage of volume in grades 1 and 2 more than doubled between the 1970`s and 1980`s in all states except Massachusetts and Connecticut where the percentage remained about constant.

  10. The Forest-Atmospheric Carbon Transfer and Storage-II (FACTS-II): Aspen FACE project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karnosky, D.F.; Pregitzer, K. [Michigan Technological Univ., Houghton, MI (United States). School of Forestry and Wood Products; Hendrey, G. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Isebrands, J.G. [Forest Service, Rhinelander, WI (United States)

    1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The FACTS II (Aspen FACE) infrastructure including 12 FACE rings, a central control facility, a central CO{sub 2} and O{sub 3} receiving and storage area, a central O{sub 3} generation system, and a dispensing system for CO{sub 2} and O{sub 3} was completed in 1997. The FACE rings were planted with over 10,000 plants (aspen, birch and maple). The entire system was thoroughly tested for both CO{sub 2} and O{sub 3} and was shown to be effective in delivering elevated CO{sub 2} and/or O{sub 3} on demand and at predetermined set points. The NCASI support to date has been extremely helpful in matching support for federal grants.

  11. Tappable Pine Trees: Commercial Production of Terpene Biofuels in Pine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PETRO Project: The University of Florida is working to increase the amount of turpentine in harvested pine from 4% to 20% of its dry weight. While enhanced feedstocks for biofuels have generally focused on fuel production from leafy plants and grasses, the University of Florida is experimenting with enhancing fuel production in a species of pine that is currently used in the paper pulping industry. Pine trees naturally produce around 3-5% terpene content in the wood—terpenes are the energy-dense fuel molecules that are the predominant components of turpentine. The team aims to increase the terpene storage potential and production capacity while improving the terpene composition to a point at which the trees could be tapped while alive, like sugar maples. Growth and production from these trees will take years, but this pioneering technology could have significant impact in making available an economical and domestic source of aviation and diesel biofuels.

  12. IMPACTS OF INTERACTING ELEVATED ATMOSPHERIC CO2 AND O3 ON THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONING OF A NORTHERN FOREST ECOSYSTEM: OPERATING AND DECOMMISSIONING THE ASPEN FACE PROJECT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burton, Andrew J. [Michigan Technological University; Zak, Donald R. [University of Michigan; Kubiske, Mark E. [USDA Forest Service; Pregitzer, Kurt S. [University of Idaho

    2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Two of the most important and pervasive greenhouse gases driving global change and impacting forests in the U.S. and around the world are atmospheric CO2 and tropospheric O3. As the only free air, large-scale manipulative experiment studying the interaction of elevated CO2 and O3 on forests, the Aspen FACE experiment was uniquely designed to address the long-term ecosystem level impacts of these two greenhouse gases on aspen-birch-maple forests, which dominate the richly forested Lake States region. The project was established in 1997 to address the overarching scientific question: “What are the effects of elevated [CO2] and [O3], alone and in combination, on the structure and functioning of northern hardwood forest ecosystems?” From 1998 through the middle of the 2009 growing season, we examined the interacting effects of elevated CO2 and O3 on ecosystem processes in an aggrading northern forest ecosystem to compare the responses of early-successional, rapid-growing shade intolerant trembling aspen and paper birch to those of a late successional, slower growing shade tolerant sugar maple. Fumigations with elevated CO2 (560 ppm during daylight hours) and O3 (approximately 1.5 x ambient) were conducted during the growing season from 1998 to 2008, and in 2009 through harvest date. Response variables quantified during the experiment included growth, competitive interactions and stand dynamics, physiological processes, plant nutrient status and uptake, tissue biochemistry, litter quality and decomposition rates, hydrology, soil respiration, microbial community composition and respiration, VOC production, treatment-pest interactions, and treatment-phenology interactions. In 2009, we conducted a detailed harvest of the site. The harvest included detailed sampling of a subset of trees by component (leaves and buds, fine branches, coarse branches and stem, coarse roots, fine roots) and excavation of soil to a depth of 1 m. Throughout the experiment, aspen and birch photosynthesis increased with elevated CO2 and tended to decrease with elevated O3, compared to the control. In contrast to aspen and birch, maple photosynthesis was not enhanced by elevated CO2. Elevated O3 did not cause significant reductions in maximum photosynthesis in birch or maple. In addition, photosynthesis in ozone sensitive clones was affected to a much greater degree than that in ozone tolerant aspen clones. Treatment effects on photosynthesis contributed to CO2 stimulation of aboveground and belowground growth that was species and genotype dependent, with birch and aspen being most responsive and maple being least responsive. The positive effects of elevated CO2 on net primary productivity NPP were sustained through the end of the experiment, but negative effects of elevated O3 on NPP had dissipated during the final three years of treatments. The declining response to O3 over time resulted from the compensatory growth of O3-tolerant genotypes and species as the growth of O3-sensitive individuals declined over time. Cumulative NPP over the entire experiment was 39% greater under elevated CO2 and 10% lower under elevated O3. Enhanced NPP under elevated CO2 was sustained by greater root exploration of soil for growth-limiting N, as well as more rapid rates of litter decomposition and microbial N release during decay. Results from Aspen FACE clearly indicate that plants growing under elevated carbon dioxide, regardless of community type or ozone level, obtained significantly greater amounts of soil N. These results indicate that greater plant growth under elevated carbon dioxide has not led to “progressive N limitation”. If similar forests growing throughout northeastern North America respond in the same manner, then enhanced forest NPP under elevated CO2 may be sustained for a longer duration than previously thought, and the negative effect of elevated O3 may be diminished by compensatory growth of O3-tolerant plants as they begin to dominate forest communities. By the end of the experiment, elevated CO2 increased ecosystem C content by 11%, whereas

  13. The application of soft X-ray microscopy to the in-situ analysis of sporopollenin/sporinite in a rank variable suite of organic rich sediments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cody, G.D.; Botto, R.E. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Chemistry Div.; Ade, H. [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Physics; Wirick, S. [State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook, NY (United States). Dept. of Physics

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Soft X-ray imaging and carbon near edge absorption fine structure spectroscopy (C-NEXAFS) has been used for the in-situ analysis of sporinite in a rank variable suite of organic rich sediments extending from recent up to high volatile A bituminous coal. The acquisition of chemically based images (contrast based on the 1s - 1{pi}* transition of unsaturated carbon), revealed a homogeneous chemical structure in the spore exine. C-NEXAFS microanalysis indicates chemical structural evolution in sporopollenin/sporinite with increases in maturation. The most significant change in the C-NEXAFS spectrum is an increase in unsaturated carbon, presumably aromatic, with rank. The rate of aromatization in sporinite exceeds that of the surrounding vitrinite. Increases in the concentration of unsaturated carbon are compensated by losses of aliphatic and hydroxylated aliphatic carbon components. Carboxyl groups are present in low and variable concentrations. Absorption due to carboxyl persists in the most mature specimen in this series, a high volatile A rank coal. The reactions which drive sporopollenin chemical structural evolution during diagenesis presumably involve dehydration, Diels-Alder cyclo-addition, and dehydrogenation reactions which ultimately lead to a progressively aromatized bio/geopolymer.

  14. Novel Diblock Copolymer-Grafted Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes via a combination of Living and Controlled/Living Surface Polymerizations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Priftis, Dimitrios [ORNL; Sakellariou, Georgios [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Hadjichristidis, Nikos [University of Athens, Athens, Greece

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Diels Alder cycloaddition reactions were used to functionalize multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) with 1-benzocylcobutene-10-phenylethylene (BCB-PE) or 4-hydroxyethylbenzocyclobutene (BCB-EO). The covalent functionalization of the nanotubes with these initiator precursors was verified by FTIR and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). After appropriate transformations/additions, the functionalized MWNTs were used for surface initiated anionic and ring opening polymerizations of ethylene oxide and e-caprolactone (e-CL), respectively. The OH-end groups were transformed to isopropylbromide groups by reaction with 2-bromoisobutyryl bromide, for subsequent atom transfer radical polymerization of styrene or 2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate to afford the final diblock copolymers. 1H NMR, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), TGA, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used for the characterization of the nanocomposite materials. TEM images showed the presence of a polymer layer around the MWNTs as well as the dissociation of MWNT bundles. Consequently, this general methodology, employing combinations of different polymerization techniques, increases the diversity of diblocks that can be grafted from MWNTs.

  15. Surface-Initiated Titanium-Mediated Coordination Polymerization from Catalyst-Functionalized Single and Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Priftis, Dimitrios [ORNL; Petzetakis, Nikolaos [University of Athens, Athens, Greece; Sakellariou, Georgios [ORNL; Pitsikalis, Marinos [ORNL; Baskaran, Durairaj [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Hadjichristidis, Nikos [University of Athens, Athens, Greece

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Single (SWNTs) and multiwalled (MWNTs) carbon nanotubes were functionalized with a titanium alkoxide catalyst through a Diels-Alder cycloaddition reaction. The catalyst-functionalized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were used for the surface initiated titanium-mediated coordination polymerizations of L-lactide (L-LA), -caprolactone (-CL) and n-hexyl isocyanate (HIC) employing the grafting from technique. 1H NMR, IR and Raman spectra showed that the precursor catalyst was successfully synthesized and covalently attached on the CNTs surface. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) revealed that the grafted poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) content could be controlled with time. The final polymer-grafted CNTs were readily dissolved in organic solvents as compared to the insoluble pristine and catalyst-functionalized CNTs. The presence of thick layers of polymers around the CNTs was observed through transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) proved that the glass transition (Tg) and melting (Tm) temperatures of the PLLA are affected by the presence of the CNTs, while PLLA R-helix conformation remains intact, as revealed by the circular dichroism (CD) spectra.

  16. Polymer Grafted Janus Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Priftis, Dimitrios [ORNL; Sakellariou, Georgios [ORNL; Baskaran, Durairaj [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Hadjichristidis, Nikos [University of Athens, Athens, Greece

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a novel and facile strategy to modify the surface of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with two chemically different polymer brushes utilizing the grafting from technique. A [4 + 2] Diels Alder cycloaddition reaction was used to functionalize multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) with two different precursor initiators, one for ring opening polymerization (ROP) and one for atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). The binary functionalized MWNTs were used for the simultaneous surface initiated polymerizations of different monomers resulting in polymer grafted MWNTs that can form Janus type structures under appropriate conditions. 1H NMR, FTIR and Raman spectra showed that the precursor initiators were successfully synthesized and covalently attached on the CNT surface. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) revealed that the grafted polymer content varies when different monomer ratios and polymerization times are used. The presence of an organic layer around the CNTs was observed through transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) proved that the glass transition (Tg) and melting (Tm) temperatures of the grafted polymers are affected by the presence of the CNTs, while circular dichroism (CD) spectra indicated that the PLLA ahelix conformation remains intact.

  17. Carbon Mineralizability Determines Interactive Effects on Mineralization of Pyrogenic Organic Matter and Soil Organic Carbon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whitman, Thea L.; Zhu, Zihua; Lehmann, Johannes C.

    2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Soil organic carbon (SOC) is a critical and active pool in the global C cycle, and the addition of pyrogenic organic matter (PyOM) has been shown to change SOC cycling, increasing or decreasing mineralization rates (often referred to as priming). We adjusted the amount of easily mineralizable C in the soil, through 1-day and 6-month pre-incubations, and in PyOM made from maple wood at 350°C, through extraction. We investigated the impact of these adjustments on C mineralization interactions, excluding pH and nutrient effects and minimizing physical effects. We found short-term increases (+20-30%) in SOC mineralization with PyOM additions in the soil pre-incubated for 6 months. Over the longer term, both the 6-month and 1-day pre-incubated soils experienced net ~10% decreases in SOC mineralization with PyOM additions. This was possibly due to stabilization of SOC on PyOM surfaces, suggested by nanoscale secondary ion mass spectrometry. Additionally, the duration of pre-incubation affected priming interactions, indicating that there may be no optimal pre-incubation time for SOC mineralization studies. We show conclusively that relative mineralizability of SOC in relation to PyOM-24 C is an important determinant of the effect of PyOM additions on SOC mineralization.

  18. Control of hardwood regeneration in restored carolina bay depression wetlands.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moser, Lee, J.; Barton, Christopher, D.; Blake, John, I.

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Carolina bays are depression wetlands located in the coastal plain region of the eastern United States. Disturbance of this wetland type has been widespread, and many sites contain one or more drainage ditches. Restoration of bays is of interest because they are important habitats for rare flora and fauna. Previous bay restoration projects have identified flood-tolerant woody competitors in the seedbank and re-sprouting as impediments to the establishment of desired herbaceous wetland vegetation communities. We restored 3 bays on the Savannah River Site, South Carolina, by plugging drainage ditches, harvesting residual pine/hardwood stands within the bays, and monitoring the vegetative response of the seedbank to the hydrologic change. We applied a foliar herbicide on one-half of each bay to control red maple (Acerrubrum), sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), and water oak (Quercus nigra) sprouting, and we tested its effectiveness across a hydrologic gradient in each bay. Hardwood regeneration was partially controlled by flooding in bays that exhibited long growing season hydroperiods. The findings also indicated that herbicide application was an effective means for managing hardwood regeneration and re-sprouting in areas where hydrologic control was ineffective. Herbicide use had no effect on species richness in the emerging vegetation community. In late-season drawdown periods, or in bays where hydroperiods are short, more than one herbicide application may be necessary.

  19. A computer code for calculations in the algebraic collective model of the atomic nucleus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. A. Welsh; D. J. Rowe

    2015-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A Maple code is presented for algebraic collective model (ACM) calculations. The ACM is an algebraic version of the Bohr model of the atomic nucleus, in which all required matrix elements are derived by exploiting the model's SU(1,1) x SO(5) dynamical group. This, in particular, obviates the use of coefficients of fractional parentage. This paper reviews the mathematical formulation of the ACM, and serves as a manual for the code. The code enables a wide range of model Hamiltonians to be analysed. This range includes essentially all Hamiltonians that are rational functions of the model's quadrupole moments $q_M$ and are at most quadratic in the corresponding conjugate momenta $\\pi_N$ ($-2\\le M,N\\le 2$). The code makes use of expressions for matrix elements derived elsewhere and newly derived matrix elements of the operators $[\\pi\\otimes q \\otimes\\pi]_0$ and $[\\pi\\otimes\\pi]_{LM}$. The code also provides ready access to SO(3)-reduced SO(5) Clebsch-Gordan coefficients through data files provided with the code.

  20. An advanced control system for fine coal flotation. Fourth quarterly technical progress report, July 1, 1996--September 30, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adel, G.T.; Luttrell, G.H.

    1997-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A model-based flotation control scheme is being implemented to achieve optimal performance in the handling and treatment of fine coal. The control scheme monitors flotation performance through on-line analysis of ash content. Then, based on the economic and metallurgical performance of the circuit, variables such as reagent dosage, pulp density and pulp level are adjusted using model-based control algorithms to compensate for feed variations and other process disturbances. Recent developments in sensor technology are being applied for on-line determination of slurry ash content. During the fourth quarter of this project, a final attempt was made to calibrate a video-based ash analyzer for use in this application. It was concluded that the low ash content and the coarse particle size of the flotation tailings slurry at the Maple Meadow plant site made the video-based system unsuitable for this application. Plans are now underway to lease a nuclear-based analyzer as the primary sensor for this project.

  1. Wildlife Inventory, Craig Mountain, Idaho.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cassirer, E. Frances

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wildlife distribution/abundance were studied at this location during 1993 and 1994 to establish the baseline as part of the wildlife mitigation agreement for construction of Dworshak reservoir. Inventory efforts were designed to (1) document distribution/abundance of 4 target species: pileated woodpecker, yellow warbler, black-capped chickadee, and river otter, (2) determine distribution/abundance of rare animals, and (3) determine presence and relative abundance of all other species except deer and elk. 201 wildlife species were observed during the survey period; most were residents or used the area seasonally for breeding or wintering. New distribution or breeding records were established for at least 6 species. Pileated woodpeckers were found at 35% of 134 survey points in upland forests; estimated densities were 0-0.08 birds/ha, averaging 0.02 birds/ha. Yellow warblers were found in riparian areas and shrubby draws below 3500 ft elev., and were most abundant in white alder plant communities (ave. est. densities 0.2-2. 1 birds/ha). Black-capped chickadees were found in riparian and mixed tall shrub vegetation at all elevations (ave. est. densities 0-0.7 birds/ha). River otters and suitable otter denning and foraging habitat were observed along the Snake and Salmon rivers. 15 special status animals (threatened, endangered, sensitive, state species of special concern) were observed at Craig Mt: 3 amphibians, 1 reptile, 8 birds, 3 mammals. Another 5 special status species potentially occur (not documented). Ecosystem-based wildlife management issues are identified. A monitoring plant is presented for assessing effects of mitigation activities.

  2. Pyrite footprinting of RNA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schlatterer, Joerg C., E-mail: joerg.schlatterer@einstein.yu.edu [Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY (United States); Wieder, Matthew S. [Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY (United States)] [Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY (United States); Jones, Christopher D.; Pollack, Lois [School of Applied and Engineering Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY (United States)] [School of Applied and Engineering Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY (United States); Brenowitz, Michael [Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY (United States)] [Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY (United States)

    2012-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer RNA structure is mapped by pyrite mediated {sup {center_dot}}OH footprinting. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Repetitive experiments can be done in a powdered pyrite filled cartridge. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer High {sup {center_dot}}OH reactivity of nucleotides imply dynamic role in Diels-Alderase catalysis. -- Abstract: In RNA, function follows form. Mapping the surface of RNA molecules with chemical and enzymatic probes has revealed invaluable information about structure and folding. Hydroxyl radicals ({sup {center_dot}}OH) map the surface of nucleic acids by cutting the backbone where it is accessible to solvent. Recent studies showed that a microfluidic chip containing pyrite (FeS{sub 2}) can produce sufficient {sup {center_dot}}OH to footprint DNA. The 49-nt Diels-Alder RNA enzyme catalyzes the C-C bond formation between a diene and a dienophile. A crystal structure, molecular dynamics simulation and atomic mutagenesis studies suggest that nucleotides of an asymmetric bulge participate in the dynamic architecture of the ribozyme's active center. Of note is that residue U42 directly interacts with the product in the crystallized RNA/product complex. Here, we use powdered pyrite held in a commercially available cartridge to footprint the Diels-Alderase ribozyme with single nucleotide resolution. Residues C39 to U42 are more reactive to {sup {center_dot}}OH than predicted by the solvent accessibility calculated from the crystal structure suggesting that this loop is dynamic in solution. The loop's flexibility may contribute to substrate recruitment and product release. Our implementation of pyrite-mediated {sup {center_dot}}OH footprinting is a readily accessible approach to gleaning information about the architecture of small RNA molecules.

  3. Chemistry of Furan Conversion into Aromatics and Olefins over HZSM-5: A Model Biomass Conversion Reaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheng, Yu-Ting [Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States); Huber, George W. [Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States)

    2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The conversion of furan (a model of cellulosic biomass) over HZSM-5 was investigated in a thermogravimetric analysis–mass spectrometry system, in situ Fourier transform infrared analysis, and in a continuous-flow fixed-bed reactor. Furan adsorbed as oligomers at room temperature with a 1.73 of adsorbed furan/Al ratio. These oligomers were polycyclic aromatic compounds that were converted to CO, CO?, aromatics, and olefins at temperatures from 400 to 600 °C. Aromatics (e.g., benzene, toluene, and naphthalene), oligomer isomers (e.g., benzofuran, 2,2-methylenebisfuran, and benzodioxane), and heavy oxygenates (C??{sub +} oligomers) were identified as intermediates formed inside HZSM-5 at different reaction temperatures. During furan conversion, graphite-type coke formed on the catalyst surface, which caused the aromatics and olefins formation to deactivate within the first 30 min of time on-stream. We have measured the effects of space velocity and temperature for furan conversion to help us understand the chemistry of biomass conversion inside zeolite catalysts. The major products for furan conversion included CO, CO?, allene, C?–C? olefins, benzene, toluene, styrene, benzofuran, indene, and naphthalene. The aromatics (benzene and toluene) and olefins (ethylene and propylene) selectivity decreased with increasing space velocity. Unsaturated hydrocarbons such as allene, cyclopentadiene, and aromatics selectivity increased with increasing space velocity. The product distribution was selective to olefins and CO at high temperatures (650 °C) but was selective to aromatics (benzene and toluene) at intermediate temperatures (450–600 °C). At low temperatures (450 °C), benzofuran and coke contributed 60% of the carbon selectivity. Several different reactions were occurring for furan conversion over zeolites. Some important reactions that we have identified in this study include Diels–Alder condensation (e.g., two furans form benzofuran and water), decarbonylation (e.g., furan forms CO and allene), oligomerization (allene forms olefins and aromatics plus hydrogen), and alkylation (e.g., furan plus olefins). The product distribution was far from thermodynamic equilibrium.

  4. Modifying woody plants for efficient conversion to liquid and gaseous fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dinus, R.J.; Dimmel, D.R.; Feirer, R.P.; Johnson, M.A.; Malcolm, E.W. (Institute of Paper Science and Technology, Atlanta, GA (USA))

    1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Short Rotation Woody Crop Program (SRWCP), Department of Energy, is developing woody plant species as sources of renewable energy. Much progress has been made in identifying useful species, and testing site adaptability, stand densities, coppicing abilities, rotation lengths, and harvesting systems. Conventional plant breeding and intensive cultural practices have been used to increase above-ground biomass yields. Given these and foreseeable accomplishments, program leaders are now shifting attention to prospects for altering biomass physical and chemical characteristics, and to ways for improving the efficiency with which biomass can be converted to gaseous and liquid fuels. This report provides a review and synthesis of literature concerning the quantity and quality of such characteristics and constituents, and opportunities for manipulating them via conventional selection and breeding and/or molecular biology. Species now used by SRWCP are emphasized, with supporting information drawn from others as needed. Little information was found on silver maple (Acer saccharinum), but general comparisons (Isenberg 1981) suggest composition and behavior similar to those of the other species. Where possible, conclusions concerning means for and feasibility of manipulation are given, along with expected impacts on conversion efficiency. Information is also provided on relationships to other traits, genotype X environment interactions, and potential trade-offs or limitations. Biomass productivity per se is not addressed, except in terms of effects that may by caused by changes in constituent quality and/or quantity. Such effects are noted to the extent they are known or can be estimated. Likely impacts of changes, however effected, on suitability or other uses, e.g., pulp and paper manufacture, are notes. 311 refs., 4 figs., 9 tabs.

  5. An implicit finite element method for discrete dynamic fracture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jobie M. Gerken

    1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for modeling the discrete fracture of two-dimensional linear elastic structures with a distribution of small cracks subject to dynamic conditions has been developed. The foundation for this numerical model is a plane element formulated from the Hu-Washizu energy principle. The distribution of small cracks is incorporated into the numerical model by including a small crack at each element interface. The additional strain field in an element adjacent to this crack is treated as an externally applied strain field in the Hu-Washizu energy principle. The resulting stiffness matrix is that of a standard plane element. The resulting load vector is that of a standard plane element with an additional term that includes the externally applied strain field. Except for the crack strain field equations, all terms of the stiffness matrix and load vector are integrated symbolically in Maple V so that fully integrated plane stress and plane strain elements are constructed. The crack strain field equations are integrated numerically. The modeling of dynamic behavior of simple structures was demonstrated within acceptable engineering accuracy. In the model of axial and transverse vibration of a beam and the breathing mode of vibration of a thin ring, the dynamic characteristics were shown to be within expected limits. The models dominated by tensile forces (the axially loaded beam and the pressurized ring) were within 0.5% of the theoretical values while the shear dominated model (the transversely loaded beam) is within 5% of the calculated theoretical value. The constant strain field of the tensile problems can be modeled exactly by the numerical model. The numerical results should therefore, be exact. The discrepancies can be accounted for by errors in the calculation of frequency from the numerical results. The linear strain field of the transverse model must be modeled by a series of constant strain elements. This is an approximation to the true strain field, so some error is expected.

  6. Overcoming the Recalcitrance of Cellulosic Biomass by Value Prior to Pulping: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-07-221

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lowell, A.

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Value Prior to Pulping (VPP) project goal was to demonstrate the technical and commercial feasibility of introducing a new value stream into existing pulp and paper mills. Essentially the intent was to transfer the energy content of extracted hemicellulose from electricity and steam generated in the recovery boiler to a liquid transportation fuel. The hemicellulose fraction was extracted prior to pulping, fractionated, or conditioned if necessary, and fermented to ethanol. Commercial adaptation of the process to wood hemicelluloses was a prerequisite for using this less currently valued component available from biomass and wood. These hemicelluloses are predominately glucurono-xylan in hardwoods and galactoglucomannan in softwoods (with a significant softwood component of an arabino-xylan) and will yield fermentation substrates different from cellulose. NREL provided its expertise in the area of fermentation host evaluation using its Zymomonas strains on the CleanTech Partner's (CTP) VPP project. The project was focused on the production of fuel ethanol and acetic acid from hemicellulose streams generated from wood chips of industrially important hardwood and softwood species. NREL was one of four partners whose ethanologen was tested on the hydrolyzed extracts. The use of commercially available enzymes to treat oligomeric sugar extracts was also investigated and coupled with fermentation. Fermentations by NREL were conducted with the Zymomonas mobilis organism with most of the work being performed with the 8b strain. The wood extracts hydrolyzed and/or fermented by NREL were those derived from maple, mixed southern hardwoods, and loblolly pine. An unhydrolyzed variant of the mixed southern hardwood extract possessed a large concentration of oligomeric sugars and enzymatic hydrolysis was performed with a number of enzymes, followed by fermentation. The fermentation of the wood extracts was carried out at bench scale in flasks or small bioreactors, with a maximum volume of 500 mL.

  7. Dual Layer Monolith ATR of Pyrolysis Oil for Distributed Synthesis Gas Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lawal, Adeniyi [Stevens Institute of Technology, Castle Point Hoboken NJ 07030

    2012-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We have successfully demonstrated a novel reactor technology, based on BASF dual layer monolith catalyst, for miniaturizing the autothermal reforming of pyrolysis oil to syngas, the second and most critical of the three steps for thermochemically converting biomass waste to liquid transportation fuel. The technology was applied to aged as well as fresh samples of pyrolysis oil derived from five different biomass feedstocks, namely switch-grass, sawdust, hardwood/softwood, golden rod and maple. Optimization of process conditions in conjunction with innovative reactor system design enabled the minimization of carbon deposit and control of the H2/CO ratio of the product gas. A comprehensive techno-economic analysis of the integrated process using in part, experimental data from the project, indicates (1) net energy recovery of 49% accounting for all losses and external energy input, (2) weight of diesel oil produced as a percent of the biomass to be ~14%, and (3) for a �demonstration� size biomass to Fischer-Tropsch liquid plant of ~ 2000 daily barrels of diesel, the price of the diesel produced is ~$3.30 per gallon, ex. tax. However, the extension of catalyst life is critical to the realization of the projected economics. Catalyst deactivation was observed and the modes of deactivation, both reversible and irreversible were identified. An effective catalyst regeneration strategy was successfully demonstrated for reversible catalyst deactivation while a catalyst preservation strategy was proposed for preventing irreversible catalyst deactivation. Future work should therefore be focused on extending the catalyst life, and a successful demonstration of an extended (> 500 on-stream hours) catalyst life would affirm the commercial viability of the process.

  8. Interactive Supercomputing’s Star-P Platform

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edelman, Alan; Husbands, Parry; Leibman, Steve

    2006-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The thesis of this extended abstract is simple. High productivity comes from high level infrastructures. To measure this, we introduce a methodology that goes beyond the tradition of timing software in serial and tuned parallel modes. We perform a classroom productivity study involving 29 students who have written a homework exercise in a low level language (MPI message passing) and a high level language (Star-P with MATLAB client). Our conclusions indicate what perhaps should be of little surprise: (1) the high level language is always far easier on the students than the low level language. (2) The early versions of the high level language perform inadequately compared to the tuned low level language, but later versions substantially catch up. Asymptotically, the analogy must hold that message passing is to high level language parallel programming as assembler is to high level environments such as MATLAB, Mathematica, Maple, or even Python. We follow the Kepner method that correctly realizes that traditional speedup numbers without some discussion of the human cost of reaching these numbers can fail to reflect the true human productivity cost of high performance computing. Traditional data compares low level message passing with serial computation. With the benefit of a high level language system in place, in our case Star-P running with MATLAB client, and with the benefit of a large data pool: 29 students, each running the same code ten times on three evolutions of the same platform, we can methodically demonstrate the productivity gains. To date we are not aware of any high level system as extensive and interoperable as Star-P, nor are we aware of an experiment of this kind performed with this volume of data.

  9. Multimodality Imaging with Silica-Based Targeted Nanoparticle Platforms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jason S. Lewis

    2012-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Objectives: To synthesize and characterize a C-Dot silica-based nanoparticle containing 'clickable' groups for the subsequent attachment of targeting moieties (e.g., peptides) and multiple contrast agents (e.g., radionuclides with high specific activity) [1,2]. These new constructs will be tested in suitable tumor models in vitro and in vivo to ensure maintenance of target-specificity and high specific activity. Methods: Cy5 dye molecules are cross-linked to a silica precursor which is reacted to form a dye-rich core particle. This core is then encapsulated in a layer of pure silica to create the core-shell C-Dot (Figure 1) [2]. A 'click' chemistry approach has been used to functionalize the silica shell with radionuclides conferring high contrast and specific activity (e.g. 64Cu and 89Zr) and peptides for tumor targeting (e.g. cRGD and octreotate) [3]. Based on the selective Diels-Alder reaction between tetrazine and norbornene, the reaction is bioorthogonal, highyielding, rapid, and water-compatible. This radiolabeling approach has already been employed successfully with both short peptides (e.g. octreotate) and antibodies (e.g. trastuzumab) as model systems for the ultimate labeling of the nanoparticles [1]. Results: PEGylated C-Dots with a Cy5 core and labeled with tetrazine have been synthesized (d = 55 nm, zeta potential = -3 mV) reliably and reproducibly and have been shown to be stable under physiological conditions for up to 1 month. Characterization of the nanoparticles revealed that the immobilized Cy5 dye within the C-Dots exhibited fluorescence intensities over twice that of the fluorophore alone. The nanoparticles were successfully radiolabeled with Cu-64. Efforts toward the conjugation of targeting peptides (e.g. cRGD) are underway. In vitro stability, specificity, and uptake studies as well as in vivo imaging and biodistribution investigations will be presented. Conclusions: C-Dot silica-based nanoparticles offer a robust, versatile, and multi-functional platform to enhance in vivo detection sensitivity and non-invasively assay receptor expression/status of tumor cellular targets, including those of low abundance, using nuclear-NIR fluorescence imaging approaches [2]. Improvements in molecular diagnostics, refined by the availability of nanotechnology platforms, will be a key determinant in driving early-stage disease detection and prevention, ultimately leading to decreases in mortality.

  10. Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-15)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    N /A

    2001-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission lines. Work also includes clearing of a small (<1/4 mile) section of access road. All work will be in accordance with the National Electrical Safety Code and BPA standards. See Section 1.1 of the attached checklist for detailed information on each section of the referenced transmission lines. BPA will conduct the vegetation control with the goal of removing tall-growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission lines and where possible to promote low-growing plant communities in the right-of-way. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD). The vegetation needing control is mainly Douglas Fir, Alder, and blackberries as indicated in Section 1.2 of the attached checklist. The work involved in the ROW includes: clearing tall growing vegetation that is currently or will soon pose a hazard to the lines; treating the associated stumps and re-sprouts with herbicide to ensure that the roots are killed preventing new sprouts; and selectively eliminating tall growing vegetation before it reaches a height or density to begin competing with low-growing vegetation. All work will take place in existing rights-of-ways and around transmission structures. All work will be accomplished by selective vegetation control methods to assure that there is little potential harm to non-target vegetation and to low-growing plants. The work will provide system reliability and fire protection. Also, all off right-of-way trees that are potentially unstable and will fall within a minimum distance or into the zone where the conductors swing will be removed. Access roads will be treated using mowing and herbicide applications. The work will provide system reliability. The subject transmission lines range from 115kV to 230kV and are made up of accompanying access roads, steel and wooden transmission line structures and associated switching platforms. The minimum clearance ranges from 21 feet for 115kV lines to 23 feet for 230kV lines. ROW easement widths vary along the length of the project. Vegetation control for this project is designed to provide a 3 year maintenance free interval. In summary, the overall vegetation management scheme will be to selectively remove tall growing vegetation then apply selective herbicide treatment using cut stump applications.

  11. QER- Comment of Jennifer Markens

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To the committee: In Germany, utilities companies who increased reliance on fossil fuels are now showing drastic losses. Utility revenues are spiraling. Is the Northeast going down this path? RWE"s Terium reported dismal earnings, and admitted that the utility had invested too heavily in fossil fuel plants at a time when it should have been thinking about renewables. Sadly, this model requires that utility companies work with communities around developing a different model. This model of renewable energy is a more resilient system, and offers long term stability with none of the down side of fossil fuels. It is clear that in the Merger between Northeast Utilities and Nstar, the fossil fuel death spiral is being continued, making us less competitive in world markets. A further concern for our small state is that with leaky, radioactive Marcellus gas going through our aquifers, and across some of our best heritage soils and farmlands, our food and products will suffer on world markets, too, since other countries are far more advanced in legislation about food and product safety. No one is going to buy radioactive maple syrup . . . or any farm products that absorb neurotoxins. Basically, any product that uses water for production will be adversely affected, never mind the health and well being of Massachusetts citizens whose health can be compromised, and the enormous loss of income, land, water, and expense of importing water, or effectively treating it- if that's possible. Our state will pay for this poor decision for decades and this decision will knee cap nearly every industry in Massachusetts. Our world class medical facilities will be overburdened, and if current practices are any indication, their medical research is likely to be muffled to protect and industry that has no interest in protecting us. This is a plan to enrich individuals at the expense of our citizens. We have the resources, and willing participants to make a different plan. High pressure pipelines represent the lowest and least effective use of eminent domain at this point in history and this is a foolhardy step for our state. Best regards, Jennifer Markens

  12. A Novel Slurry-Based Biomass Reforming Process Final Technical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sean C. Emerson; Timothy D. Davis; A. Peles; Ying She; Joshua Sheffel; Rhonda R. Willigan; Thomas H. Vanderspurt; Tianli Zhu

    2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This project was focused on developing a catalytic means of producing H2 from raw, ground biomass, such as fast growing poplar trees, willow trees, or switch grass. The use of a renewable, biomass feedstock with minimal processing can enable a carbon neutral means of producing H2 in that the carbon dioxide produced from the process can be used in the environment to produce additional biomass. For economically viable production of H2, the biomass is hydrolyzed and then reformed without any additional purification steps. Any unreacted biomass and other byproduct streams are burned to provide process energy. Thus, the development of a catalyst that can operate in the demanding corrosive environment and presence of potential poisons is vital to this approach. The concept for this project is shown in Figure 1. The initial feed is assumed to be a >5 wt% slurry of ground wood in dilute base, such as potassium carbonate (K2CO3). Base hydrolysis and reforming of the wood is carried out at high but sub-critical pressures and temperatures in the presence of a solid catalyst. A Pd alloy membrane allows the continuous removal of pure , while the retentate, including methane is used as fuel in the plant. The project showed that it is possible to economically produce H2 from woody biomass in a carbon neutral manner. Technoeconomic analyses using HYSYS and the DOE's H2A tool [1] were used to design a 2000 ton day-1 (dry basis) biomass to hydrogen plant with an efficiency of 46% to 56%, depending on the mode of operation and economic assumptions, exceeding the DOE 2012 target of 43%. The cost of producing the hydrogen from such a plant would be in the range of $1/kg H2 to $2/kg H2. By using raw biomass as a feedstock, the cost of producing hydrogen at large biomass consumption rates is more cost effective than steam reforming of hydrocarbons or biomass gasification and can achieve the overall cost goals of the DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Program. The complete conversion of wood to hydrogen, methane, and carbon dioxide was repeatedly demonstrated in batch reactors varying in size from 50 mL to 7.6 L. The different wood sources (e.g., swamp maple, poplar, and commercial wood flour) were converted in the presence of a heterogeneous catalyst and base at relatively low temperatures (e.g., 310 �������°C) at sub-critical pressures sufficient to maintain the liquid phase. Both precious metal and base metal catalysts were found to be active for the liquid phase hydrolysis and reforming of wood. Pt-based catalysts, particularly Pt-Re, were shown to be more selective toward breaking C-C bonds, resulting in a higher selectivity to hydrogen versus methane. Ni-based catalysts were found to prefer breaking C-O bonds, favoring the production of methane. The project showed that increasing the concentration of base (base to wood ratio) in the presence of Raney Ni catalysts resulted in greater selectivity toward hydrogen but at the expense of increasing the production of undesirable organic acids from the wood, lowering the amount of wood converted to gas. It was shown that by modifying Ni-based catalysts with dopants, it was possible to reduce the base concentration while maintaining the selectivity toward hydrogen and increasing wood conversion to gas versus organic acids. The final stage of the project was the construction and testing of a demonstration unit for H2 production. This continuous flow demonstration unit consisted of wood slurry and potassium carbonate feed pump systems, two reactors for hydrolysis and reforming, and a gas-liquid separation system. The technical challenges associated with unreacted wood fines and Raney Ni catalyst retention limited the demonstration unit to using a fixed bed Raney Ni catalyst form. The lower activity of the larger particle Raney Ni in turn limited the residence time and thus the wood mass flow feed rate to 50 g min-1 for a 1 wt% wood slurry. The project demonstrated continuous H2 yields with unmodified, fixed bed Raney Ni, from 63% to 100% with correspond