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Sample records for hemlock alder maple

  1. NREL: Energy Analysis - Ben Maples

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Maples Photo of Ben Maples Ben Maples is a member of the Technology Systems and Sustainability Analysis Group in the Strategic Energy Analysis Center. Engineer On staff since May...

  2. Hemlock Semiconductor Corp HSC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy ElectricalsFTLTechnology Srl JumpSubObjectsHemlock Semiconductor

  3. www.btny.purdue.edu/weedscience/ Poison Hemlock The Toxic Parsnip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    www.btny.purdue.edu/weedscience/ Poison Hemlock ­ The Toxic Parsnip We often get questions about wild carrot (Daucus carota L.) only to find out that the question is actually about poison hemlock (Conium maculatum L.). Although these two plants may look similar, poison hemlock is toxic to cattle

  4. Poison hemlock, Conium maculatum, (Figure 1) is a member of the plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    Poison hemlock, Conium maculatum, (Figure 1) is a member of the plant family Apiaceae, which, cilantro, chervil, fen- nel, anise, dill, and caraway. It is a tall, invasive, highly poisonous weed that is sometimes mistaken for one of its crop relatives. Poison hemlock was introduced from Europe as an ornamental

  5. 7 Introduction to Maple Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meade, Douglas B.

    , plastics and drugs. The reactor model developed in this chapter's application is based on the principle195 7 Introduction to Maple Programming Chemical engineers apply principles of chemistry, physics and undergo other chemical changes during the manufacturing process. Reactors and reactor models can be used

  6. Appendix 58 Flathead Forest Plan Amendment 21, Appendix IV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SUBBASIN The Swan Subbasin is bounded by the Swan Range to the east, the Mission Mountains. Mountain hemlock are also found at higher elevations in the southern part of the Mission Range. Drier a well developed shrub layer, e.g., menziesia, alder, mountain maple, huckleberry, etc. The wetland

  7. Maple Mainline The University of Vermont Extension, Addison County

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    Maple Mainline The University of Vermont Extension, Addison County Maple Sugarmakers Association and Vermont Maple Syrup Makers' Association are pleased to offer the 8th annual Vermont Maple Conferences on 3, quality control, and mar- keting to sugarmakers in Vermont and surrounding re- gions. These all day

  8. ADistributed Computer Algebra System Based on Maple and Java 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ADistributed Computer Algebra System Based on Maple and Java 1 Wolfgang Schreiner Research Distributed Maple is a system for writing parallel programs in the computer algebra system Maple. It allows scheduler from Maple and implements a parallel programming model on top. The system is portable to most

  9. An Appreciation of Berni Julian Alder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    William Graham Hoover

    2015-10-17

    Berni Julian Alder profoundly influenced my research career at the Livermore Laboratory and the Davis Campus' Teller Tech, beginning in 1962 and lasting for over fifty years. I very much appreciate the opportunity provided by his Ninetieth Birthday Celebration to review some of the many high spots along the way.

  10. Northern Lakes District of MAPLE project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;Northern Lakes Region #12;Current Landcover of NHLD #12;MAPLE Project · Region is defined by lake tourism Lakes #12;Ecology "Greenlash" Gradual Change Development pattern Lake centered Tourism Town centered Key problems near urban corridor Overfishing of public-access lakes; good on lakes with limited access and few

  11. Maple Syrup--Production, Composition, Chemistry,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    CHAPTER 4 Maple Syrup--Production, Composition, Chemistry, and Sensory Characteristics Timothy D Chemistry 111 A. Transformation during storage 115 B. Transformations during reverse osmosis Processing 121 IX. Syrup Standards 124 X. Syrup Chemistry 126 A. Density 126 B. Carbohydrates 126 C. pH 126 D

  12. Maple Implementation of the Kirchhoff's "Third and Fourth Laws"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Maple Implementation of the Kirchhoff's "Third and Fourth Laws" NICOLAS RATIER1 , MAYA MARKOVA2 1 an implementation in Maple language of the Kirchhoff's third law and its dual, the so­called Kirchhoff's fourth law­called Kirch- hoff's "third and fourth laws" [5]. These laws allows one to express network functions, in a very

  13. Picture from Microsoft ClipArt Exploring the Norway Maple with 4 of the 5 Senses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashline, George

    Picture from Microsoft ClipArt Sapling #2 Exploring the Norway Maple with 4 of the 5 Senses Materials: -Journal -Pencil -Norway Maple Tree Task: Let's explore the Norway Maple with four senses! "Did you know": Norway Maple's trees leaves have five lobes. They are also wide leaves and range from four

  14. Definite Integrals, Some Involving Residue Theory Evaluated by Maple Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowman, Kimiko o [ORNL

    2010-01-01

    The calculus of residue is applied to evaluate certain integrals in the range (-{infinity} to {infinity}) using the Maple symbolic code. These integrals are of the form {integral}{sub -{infinity}}{sup {infinity}} cos(x)/[(x{sup 2} + a{sup 2})(x{sup 2} + b{sup 2}) (x{sup 2} + c{sup 2})]dx and similar extensions. The Maple code is also applied to expressions in maximum likelihood estimator moments when sampling from the negative binomial distribution. In general the Maple code approach to the integrals gives correct answers to specified decimal places, but the symbolic result may be extremely long and complex.

  15. Copying Maple graphs into Word Once you create a graph with Maple, you can copy and paste it into Word pretty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zirbel, Craig L.

    Copying Maple graphs into Word Once you create a graph with Maple, you can copy and paste it into Word pretty easily. However, you might be unhappy with the result, if it looks like this: This image to get the image into Word in a better way. Below are two Maple graphs. On a Macintosh, you can click

  16. DynaFlexPro for Maple RAJANKUMAR M. BHATT and VENKAT N. KROVI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    ., and currently in version 2.2.8, is marketed by MapleSoft, Inc., of Waterloo, Ontario [1]. DFP is a Maple toolbox, and redirection of energy from the source into a usable mechanical form. Designers have created, refined

  17. Page36 March 2015 taste. Maple products also have a dis-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    that are pure, highly sustainable and possess a small carbon footprint compared to coconut water. Maple sap-permeate beverage, one birch sap beverage, and one coconut water used for comparative purposes (only the maple

  18. Probing substituent effects in aryl-aryl interactions using stereoselective diels-alder cycloadditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheeler, Steven E.

    Stereoselective Diels?Alder cycloadditions that probe substituent effects in aryl?aryl sandwich complexes were studied experimentally and theoretically. Computations on model systems demonstrate that the stereoselectivity ...

  19. Maple Symbolic Computation in the Calculus of Variations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreia M. F. Louro; Delfim F. M. Torres

    2008-06-04

    It is the aim of this work to identify and illustrate the potential and weaknesses of the computer algebra system Maple in the area of the Calculus of Variations: a classical area of mathematics that studies the methods for finding maximum and minimum values of functionals of integral type. Variational problems are usually solved with the help of the necessary optimality conditions of Euler-Lagrange, which are, in general, nonlinear and difficult second order differential equations to be solved. We show how the computer algebra system Maple can be useful in the determination and resolution of these equations. We will also present the solution to the celebrated brachistochrone problem from the point of view of the calculus of variations and the Maple system, and a reformulation of the classical problem obtained by restricting the class of admissible functions.

  20. Picture from http://www.first-school.ws/activities/crafts/animals/birds/turkeymaple.htm A Red Maple Turkey Centerpiece

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashline, George

    A Red Maple Turkey Centerpiece Materials: -Toilet Paper Tube -A Couple of Red Maple Leaves (any color make a Turkey with using a Red Maple Tree? "Did you know?": Red Maples have a huge span of colors when have color in it. · After collecting about 3 leaves each, we will start constructing our turkey

  1. A Maple Package for Root Systems and Finite Coxeter Groups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stembridge, John

    A Maple Package for Root Systems and Finite Coxeter Groups Version 2.4 #3; February 28, 2004 John R in the study of root systems, #12;nite Coxeter groups, and Weyl characters. The coxeter package contains 38;nds in the appendices of Bourbaki [1]. The weyl package is a supple- ment to coxeter containing 12

  2. A Maple Package for Symmetric Functions Version 2.4 #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stembridge, John

    This document provides an introduction to Version 2.4 of SF, a package of 25 Maple programs that create an environment for computations involving symmetric functions and related structures. Included are programs Edition. 1 This work has been supported by NSF grants DMS--0070685 and DMS--0245385. 1 #12; dramatically

  3. A Maple Package for Symmetric Functions Version 2.4*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stembridge, John

    * * Maple programs that create an environment for computations involving symmetric functi* *ons and related structures. Included are programs for manipulating partitions, for conv* *erting sym- metric functions are ___________________________ *Version 2.4 is the Hermann Weyl Birthday Edition. 1This work has been supported by NSF grants DMS

  4. A Maple Package for Posets Version 2.4 #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stembridge, John

    provides an introduction to Version 2.4 of posets, a package of 41 Maple programs that provide Flag Day Edition. 1 This project has been supported by grants from the NSF and NSA. 1 #12; is about 2 Edition''), and the second is a collection of plain text files that comprise the Vanilla Edition. Both

  5. Alder Mutual Light Co, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand DaltonSolarOpen5 -Telephone Co JumpAlcoholesAlcopanAldaAlder Mutual

  6. MHK Projects/White Alder Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050 JumpCoosSlough BendVidal IslandWestWave <Alder

  7. Quantavo: a Maple Toolbox for Linear Quantum Optics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvaro Feito

    2008-06-14

    This manual describes the basic objectives, functionalities and uses of the toolbox for Maple (Maplesoft^TM) called Quantavo. It is intended to facilitate calculations both symbolically and numerically related to Quantum Optics. In particular the evolution, measurement and entanglement properties of quantum states in the Fock basis can be simulated with it. It is provided to the community as a free open source module.

  8. Vinylboranes as trans-dihydroxyethylene equivalents in Diels-Alder reactions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Redman, Aniko Maria

    1993-01-01

    Novel vinylborane-based trans-dihydroxyethylene equivalents were developed for the synthesis of trans-cyclohexenediol derivatives. The synthetic utility of the new dienophiles was demonstrated by their Diels-Alder reaction ...

  9. Origins of Reactivity and Selectivity of a Series of Proximity-Induced Transannular Diels-Alder Reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Cyndi Qixin

    2013-01-01

    Diels-Alder reaction between butadiene and ethylene to formof each isolated reactant, butadiene and ethylene in themoieties were always butadiene and propene. Creating

  10. Botanical Name Qty Common Name Description Price Size Abutilon 'Dwarf Red' 20 flowering maple

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasternack, Gregory B.

    flowering maple 18" x 24"; evergreen. Orange-red bell-shaped flowers most of the year, attract hummingbirds. Frost-tender. $11.00 1G S B4 Abutilon 'Painted Bells' 16 gold and orange rose flowering maple to 6, showy globes of purple flowers with a metallic sheen in early summer. $7.50 4" BU, + B6 Aloe 'Caitlin' 5

  11. Suzhou Red Maple Wind Blade Mould Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo New Energy Equipment CoSolarReservoirPowerRed Maple

  12. Maple Grove Hot Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios TowardsInformation Reducing theMassachusetts:PageMap ofMaple

  13. How to use Maple as a technical word processor for the web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for display on the web that you can easily create using maple and the distill command. I shall now give step by step instructions on how I created such a thing

  14. Does red alder (Alnus rubra) in upland riparian forests elevate macroinvertebrate and detritus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Diane

    negative effects of timber harvest (such as sedimentation and loss of coarse woody debris) on downstream-growth alder sites exported significantly greater count (mean = 9.4 individuals·m­3 water, standard error (SE) = 3.7) and biomass (mean = 3.1 mg dry mass·m­3 water, SE = 1.2) densities of macroinvertebrates than

  15. Diels-Alder Cycloaddition for Fluorophore Targeting to Specific Proteins inside Living Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716, United States *S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: The inverse-electron-demand- selective derivatization: copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cyclo- additions (CuAAC),9 strain-promoted azide-cycloalkyne cycloadditions,10 and inverse-electron-demand Diels-Alder cycloadditions of tetrazines and trans-cyclooctenes.11

  16. Efficient utilization of red maple lumber in glued-laminated timber beams. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janowiak, J.J.; Manbeck, H.B.; Hernandez, R.; Moody, R.C.; Blankenhorn, P.R.

    1995-09-01

    The feasibility of utilizing cant-sawn hardwood lumber, which would not usually be desired for furniture manufacture, was studied for the manufacture of structural glue-laminated (glulam) timber. Two red maple beam combinations were evaluated. Test results of 42 red maple glulam beams showed that it was feasible to develop structural glulam timber from cant-swan lumber. The glulam combinations made from E-rated lumber exceeded the target design bending stress of 2,400 lb/in 2 and met the target modulus of elasticity (MOE) of 1.8 x 106 lb/in 2.

  17. HOMOGENIZATION OF THE STEFAN PROBLEM, WITH APPLICATION TO MAPLE SAP EXUDATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stockie, John

    are then applied to solve a much more complicated problem involving multi-phase flow and heat transport in trees that arises from multi-phase flow in a porous medium coupled with heat transport. In particular, we are motivated by the study of sap flow in a maple tree that is subject to both thawing and freezing [5]. We seek

  18. Fertilization of Red Maple (Acer rubrum) and Littleleaf Linden (Tilia cordata) Trees at Recommended Rates Does

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    -and-burlapped red maple (Acer rubrum) and littleleaf linden (Tilia cordata) were planted into a relatively infertile or not irrigated during 3 years. An additional treatment of an unirrigated, split (spring/fall) fertilizer on growth in a relatively infertile silt loam soil, and plants were not harmed by quick- release fertilizers

  19. Structural Modification of Sol-Gel Materials through Retro Diels-Alder Reaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SHALTOUT,RAAFAT M.; LOY,DOUGLAS A.; MCCLAIN,MARK D.; PRABAKAR,SHESHASAYANA; GREAVES,JOHN; SHEA,KENNETH J.

    1999-12-08

    Hydrolysis and condensation of organically bridged bis-triethoxysilanes, (EtO){sub 3}Si-R-Si(OEt){sub 3}, results in the formation of three dimensional organic/inorganic hybrid networks (Equation 1). Properties of these materials, including porosity, are dependent on the nature of the bridging group, R. Flexible groups (akylene-spacers longer than five carbons in length) polymerize under acidic conditions to give non-porous materials. Rigid groups (such as arylene-, alkynylene-, or alkenylene) form non-porous, microporous, and macroporous gels. In many cases the pore size distributions are quite narrow. One of the motivations for preparing hybrid organic-inorganic materials is to extend the range of properties available with sol-gel systems by incorporating organic groups into the inorganic network. For example, organically modified silica gels arc either prepared by co-polymerizing an organoalkoxysilane with a silica precursor or surface silylating the inorganic gel. This can serve to increase hydrophobicity or to introduce some reactive organic functionality. However, the type and orientation of these organic functionalities is difficult to control. Furthermore, many organoalkoxysilanes can act to inhibitor even prevent gelation, limiting the final density of organic functionalities. We have devised a new route for preparing highly functionalized pores in hybrid materials using bridging groups that are thermally converted into the desired functionalities after the gel has been obtained. In this paper, we present the preparation and characterization of bridged polysilsesquioxanes with Diels-Alder adducts as the bridging groups from the sol-gel polymerization of monomers 2 and 4. The bridging groups are constructed such that the retro Diela-Alder reaction releases the dienes and leaves the dienophiles as integral parts of the network polymers. In the rigid architecture of a xerogel, this loss of organic functionality should liberate sufficient space to modify the overall porosity. Furthermore, the new porosity will be functionalized with the dienophilic olefin bridging group. We also demonstrate that by changing the type of Diels-Alder adduct used as the bridging group, we can change the temperature at which the retro-Diels-Alder reaction will occur.

  20. Computer Lab 4. Power series methods. Maple's dsolve command can be invoked with an option called series, which finds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slastikov, Valeriy V.

    independent solutions. The same command produces series with logarithmic singularitiesComputer Lab 4. Power series methods. Maple's dsolve command can be invoked with an option called series, which finds power series about x = 0 of solutions of differential equations. For example, if you

  1. Vanadium redox flow battery efficiency and durability studies of sulfonated Diels Alder poly(phenylene)s

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fujimoto, Cy H.; Kim, Soowhan; Stains, Ronald; Wei, Xiaoliang; Li, Liyu; Yang, Zhenguo

    2012-07-01

    Sulfonated Diels Alder poly(phenylene) (SDAPP) was examined for vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) use. The ion exchange capacity (IEC) was varied from 1.4, 1.6 and 2.0 meq/g in order to tune the proton conductivity and vanadium permeability. Coulombic efficiencies between 92 to 99% were observed, depending on IEC (lower IEC, higher coulombic efficiencies). In all cases the SDAPP displayed comparable energy efficiencies (88 - 90%) to Nafion 117 (88%) at 50mA/cm2. Membrane durability also was dependent on IEC; SDAPP with the highest IEC lasted slightly over 50 cycles while SDAPP with the lowest IEC lasted over 400 cycles and testing was discontinued only due to time constraints. Accelerated vanadium lifetime studies were initialed with SDAPP, by soaking films in a 0.1 M V5+ and 5.0 M total SO4-2 solution. The rate of degradation was also proportional with IEC; the 2 meq/g sample dissolved within 376 hours, the 1.6 meq/g sample dissolved after 860 hours, while the 1.4 meq/g sample broke apart after 1527 hours.

  2. SU-E-P-04: Transport Theory Learning Module in the Maple Environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Both, J [University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Department of Radiation Oncology (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: The medical physics graduate program at the University of Miami is developing a computerized instructional module which provides an interactive mechanism for students to learn transport theory. While not essential in the medical physics curriculum, transport theory should be taught because the conceptual level of transport theory is fundamental, a substantial literature exists and ought to be accessible, and students should understand commercial software which solves the Boltzmann equation.But conventional teaching and learning of transport theory is challenging. Students may be under prepared to appreciate its methods, results, and relevance, and it is not substantially addressed in textbooks for the medical physicists. Other resources an instructor might reasonably use, while excellent, may be too briskly paced for beginning students. The purpose of this work is to render teaching of transport theory more tractable by making learning highly interactive. Methods: The module is being developed in the Maple mathematics environment by instructors and graduate students. It will refresh the students' knowledge of vector calculus and differential equations, and will develop users' intuition for phase space concepts. Scattering concepts will be developed with animated simulations using tunable parameters characterizing interactions, so that students may develop a “feel” for cross section. Transport equations for one and multiple types of radiation will be illustrated with phase space animations. Numerical methods of solution will be illustrated. Results: Attempts to teach rudiments of transport theory in radiation physics and dosimetry courses using conventional classroom techniques at the University of Miami have had small success, because classroom time is limited and the material has been hard for our students to appreciate intuitively. Conclusion: A joint effort of instructor and students to teach and learn transport theory by building an interactive description of it will lead to deeper appreciation of the transport theoretical underpinnings of dosimetry.

  3. Forest floor community metatranscriptomes identify fungal and bacterial responses to N deposition in two maple forests

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Hesse, Cedar N.; Mueller, Rebecca C.; Vuyisich, Momchilo; Gallegos-Graves, La Verne; Gleasner, Cheryl D.; Zak, Donald R.; Kuske, Cheryl R.

    2015-04-23

    Anthropogenic N deposition alters patterns of C and N cycling in temperate forests, where forest floor litter decomposition is a key process mediated by a diverse community of bacteria and fungi. To track forest floor decomposer activity we generated metatranscriptomes that simultaneously surveyed the actively expressed bacterial and eukaryote genes in the forest floor, to compare the impact of N deposition on the decomposers in two natural maple forests in Michigan, USA, where replicate field plots had been amended with N for 16 years. Site and N amendment responses were compared using about 74,000 carbohydrate active enzyme transcript sequences (CAZymes)more »in each metatranscriptome. Parallel ribosomal RNA (rRNA) surveys of bacterial and fungal biomass and taxonomic composition showed no significant differences in either biomass or OTU richness between the two sites or in response to N. Site and N amendment were not significant variables defining bacterial taxonomic composition, but they were significant for fungal community composition, explaining 17 and 14% of the variability, respectively. The relative abundance of expressed bacterial and fungal CAZymes changed significantly with N amendment in one of the forests, and N-response trends were also identified in the second forest. Although the two ambient forests were similar in community biomass, taxonomic structure and active CAZyme profile, the shifts in active CAZyme profiles in response to N-amendment differed between the sites. One site responded with an over-expression of bacterial CAZymes, and the other site responded with an over-expression of both fungal and different bacterial CAZymes. Both sites showed reduced representation of fungal lignocellulose degrading enzymes in N-amendment plots. The metatranscriptome approach provided a holistic assessment of eukaryote and bacterial gene expression and is applicable to other systems where eukaryotes and bacteria interact.« less

  4. trig.ms CarlLee Fall1997 This is a Maple worksheet to plot the trigonometric functions. Note: scaling=constrained causes the same scale to be used on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Carl

    : scaling=constrained causes the same scale to be used on bothaxes. view=[­4*Pi..4*Pi,­10..10] causes with the last four trig functions, since they assume arbitrarily largevalues. discont=true causes Maple to try

  5. Hemlock, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Navigation Jump to:

  6. Acer glabrum mountain maple

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;Salix spp. willow · Buds with single cap-like scale, lateral · Catkins erect · Usually riparian #12

  7. 2014-10-08, 7:44 PM--FORESTS: Sugar maples reveal obstacles facing species in their e...nge --researchers --Monday, September 29, 2014 --www.eenews.net Page 1 of 3http://www.eenews.net/climatewire/stories/1060006547/print

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vellend, Mark

    the Appalachian Mountains where temperatures were lower. Sap from these trees is boiled down to produce maple syrup. "We knew the system had warmed, but we weren't seeing the response you would expect," said.3 miles) per decade. Projected temperature increases between 2050 and 2090 under high carbon emissions

  8. Ackee, Lychee, Longan, Maple Syrup

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    , Collard greens, Daikon, Kale, Kohlrabi, Horseradish, Mustard greens, Radish, Rutabaga, Turnip, Turnip greens, Watercress Asparagus Barley, Corn, Lemongrass, Millet, Oat, Rye, Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane, Sorghum Black currant Poppy Tea Coffee Brazil nut Blueberry, Cranberry, Lingonberry Chinese Gooseberry, Kiwi

  9. Pure Maple Syrup Issue 1 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1996-01-01

    , well, we tried to help our guys pick up the pieces... Contributions are always welcome ? as are letters of comment, whether your opinions are flattering and/or constructive. The writers and I are keen to hear what you think! Thank you kindly. love...'t signify, as I don't believe these people should be prosecuted. They are motivated only by love and enthusiasm, they intend no harm to anyone (real or imaginary) through their creative endeavours, and they seem to make no profit from said endeavours...

  10. Pure Maple Syrup Issue 8 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1999-01-01

    'n outlined the murders, I asked Det. Sgt. Kira Allyn out for lunch. And she accepted. And we had fun. Hot dogs in the park, and afterward we shared a popsicle. And I asked her out for dinner. She gave every signal I've ever seen to let me know she wanted...

  11. Pure Maple Syrup Issue 6 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1997-01-01

    Harding Welsh (Beau Starr), Detective Jack Huey (Tony Craig), Detective Louis Gardino (Daniel Kash), Detective Thomas Dewey (Tom Melissis), Elaine Besbriss (Catherine Bruhier), Inspector Margaret Thatcher (Camilla Scott), State's Attorney Louise St... characters, yeah, yeah.' 'The privacylaws don't apply.' 'Well, someone should do something. ...Hey, if we're fictional, then we belong to our creator, right? Paul Haggis. He should do something.' 'Actually, Ray, we belong to a company named Alliance...

  12. Pure Maple Syrup Issue 9 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1999-01-01

    ) and Detective Stanley Raymond Kowalski (Callum Keith Rennie). Other vital characters are Lieutenant Harding Welsh (Beau Starr), Detective Jack Huey (Tony Craig), Detective Louis Gardino (Daniel Kash), Detective Thomas Dewey (Tom Melissis), Elaine Besbriss... been. How very lonely. 'Hey, Benny...' He waited until Benton raised his head once more, those sad blue eyes meeting his. 'You've got me now, and I'll hold you, and touch you, and hug you as much as I can for the rest of my life, OK? I promise...

  13. Effects of the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid on Nitrogen Losses from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Templer, Pamela

    of nitrogen losses via leachate were more than ten times greater, at the Arnold Arboretum compared to Harvard Forest. Nitrate that was lost via leachate at Harvard Forest came predominantly from atmospheric

  14. Cover Letter Sample 1723 Maple Drive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    web site. First Financial is one of the largest credit unions in the country with a strong reputation

  15. Sweet Potato Fries $4 Maple Dipping Sauce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    Company Whale Wheat Ale $5 6th Row Brewery O'Fallon Wheach $6 O'Fallon Brewery St. Louis IPA $5 Urban Chestnut Brewing Company Schlafly Hefeweizen $4 Schlafly Brewery Nightly Specials Monday House Wine

  16. Maple River Energy LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5TransportManitouChange | OpenMapPark,Ridge,

  17. 2015 Sports Team Breakfast Buffet Buttermilk Pancakes with Maple Syrup

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    Lunch One Sandwich ($2.00 per additional Sandwich) Pasta Salad or Green Salad with Dressing Granola Bar@ramadaprincegeorge.com #12;2015 Sports Team Game Time Buffet Pasta Buffet Pitchers of Chilled Fruit Juice & Ice Tea Freshly Fruit Salad Roast Beef Dinner Buffet Pitchers of Chilled Fruit Juice & Ice Tea Chef's Freshly Baked

  18. 18 Maple Syrup Digest HIGH VACUUM IN GRAVITY TUBING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    where elec- tricity is not available, time needed for maintenance of a pump and extractor gravity tubing, or tubing without the use of a pump, to be a poor substitute for a modern system with a pump, extractor, and the latest tubing arrangement. Sap yields from gravity systems are often half

  19. Introduction to Symbolic Computation: a Maple/MATLAB Course

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verschelde, Jan

    software. Ideally, this course will be taken before the "MCS 471" (numerical analysis). Based on five, and taking into account future trends and current research developments. 1 Introduction The department the standard for scientific computing in almost all engineering disciplines. Thirdly, the second edition [9

  20. Introduction to Symbolic Computation: a Maple/MATLAB Course

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verschelde, Jan

    mathematical software. Ideally, this course will be taken before the \\MCS 471" (numerical analysis). Based courses, and taking into account future trends and current research developments. 1 Introduction the standard for scienti#12;c computing in almost all engineering disciplines. Thirdly, the second edition [9

  1. Maple Mainline This year's Vermont Maplerama will be held in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    at the Franklin County Field days site in Highgate, and will offer a fun weekend of tours, great food in tapping, evaporation and remote vacuum sensing. You will have the opportunity to see all of this delicious food, includ- ing appetizers and cash bar at the trade show on Thurs- day, home cooked breakfasts

  2. Maple Bluff, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5TransportManitouChange | OpenMap of BiomassMapMap

  3. Maple Glen, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5TransportManitouChange | OpenMap of

  4. Maple Grove, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5TransportManitouChange | OpenMap ofGrove, Minnesota:

  5. Maple Heights, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5TransportManitouChange | OpenMap ofGrove,

  6. Maple Heights-Lake Desire, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5TransportManitouChange | OpenMap

  7. Maple Park, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5TransportManitouChange | OpenMapPark, Illinois:

  8. Maple Plain, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5TransportManitouChange | OpenMapPark,

  9. Maple Ridge, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5TransportManitouChange | OpenMapPark,Ridge, Ohio:

  10. Maple Valley, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5TransportManitouChange | OpenMapPark,Ridge,Valley,

  11. Matrix Agro Pvt Ltd MAPL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,InformationIllinois:Martin,Open EnergyMathews County,Matla SolarMatrix

  12. Shanghai Maple Tongji University hybrid automobile research partnership |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter Battery Technology Co Ltd Jump to:Technical Physics SITPOpen Energy

  13. Maple Ridge 1a Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios TowardsInformation Reducing theMassachusetts:PageMap

  14. Maple Ridge Wind Farm (2005 portion) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios TowardsInformation Reducing theMassachusetts:PageMap5

  15. Maple Ridge Wind Farm (2006 portion) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios TowardsInformation Reducing theMassachusetts:PageMap5(2006

  16. Maple Ridge Wind Farm phase II | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios TowardsInformation Reducing

  17. Dictionary of Upriver Halkomelem, Volume I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galloway, Brent Douglas

    2009-01-01

    yc lč//, ABDF ['to poison'], SOC, root possibly related to poison fern that grows in swampyprob. water hemlock, poison hemlock):: welékwsa. sword

  18. An Intramolecular Diels-Alder Approach to the Eunicelins: Enantioselective Total Synthesis of Ophirin B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to stereoselectively provide the diene 4 (93%, >98:2 d.r.).10 With diene 4 in hand, the stage was set for the closure

  19. A combined intramolecular Diels-Alder/intramolecular Schmidt reaction: Formal synthesis of (+/-)-stenine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golden, Jennifer E.; Aubé , Jeffrey

    2002-01-01

    . The specific context of this work is the formal total synthesis of stenine, shown retrosynthetically in Scheme 1. A B N O O H D N BnO O H C BnO N 3 O stenine Scheme 1 Stenine and related alkaloids [3-11] have drawn considerable attention from.... As expected (see below), the major diastereomer, 5, had the stereochemistry required for the stenine synthesis. The structures of lactams 5 and 7 were confirmed by X-ray crystallography of the corresponding debenzylated derivatives. We assign the unusual...

  20. P2 de Calculo III com Maple --2008.1 27 de maio de 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewiner, Thomas (Thomas Lewiner)

    ) associada. 1 2 pt (e) Calcule as derivadas parciais de f (x, y) e verifique o resultado do item anterior. 1

  1. Evidence for a Younger Dryas-like cooling event on the British Columbia coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, Timothy

    of mountain hemlock are present but indirectly dated at Bear Cove Bog (Hebda, 1983) prior to 9200 yr B) in southern British Columbia (Fig. 1) show iso- lated peaks in the abundance of mountain hemlock (Tsuga at 10,400 yr B.P. also exhibit high values of mountain hemlock pollen, just prior to a marine

  2. ALDER ESTABLISHMENT AND CHANNEL DYNAMICS IN A TRIBUTARY OF THE SOUTH FORK EEL RIVER, MENDOCINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and Professor, Department of Land, Air, and Water Resources, University of California, Davis. 14 USDA Forest and Hedman (1977) call this inner region the "active channel." They de- scribe the active channel

  3. Origins of Reactivity and Selectivity of a Series of Proximity-Induced Transannular Diels-Alder Reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Cyndi Qixin

    2013-01-01

    9 3.6 Intrinsic Reaction Coordinate (IRC)Intrinsic Reaction Coordinate (IRC) Calculation An intrinsica transition state geometry, an IRC calculation can trace a

  4. RESEARCH UPDATE Wet woodland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    alluvial deposits. · Grey willow (Salix cinerea) and alder (Alnus glutinosa) dominate pioneer communities

  5. Cognitive Research in Asian Small-Clawed Otters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perdue, Bonnie M.; Snyder, Rebecca J.; Maple, Terry L.

    2013-01-01

    Snyder, R. J. , Pratte, J. , Marr, M. J. , & Maple, T. L. (Snyder, R. J. , Zhihe, Z. , Marr, M. J. , & Maple, T. L. (Perdue, Snyder, Pratte, Marr, & Maple, 2009). At least two

  6. J.Org. Chem. 1989,54, 2931-2935 Electronic Factors Influencing the Activation Barrier of the Diels-Alder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlegel, H. Bernhard

    Department of Chemistry, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48202 Gregory J. Wolber Department of Chemistry, Mercy College of Detroit, Detroit, Michigan 48219 Receiued February 9, 1989 Ab initio molecular

  7. Phenylseleno Acrylate As A Novel Ethylene Equivalent for Diels-Alder Reactions And An ortho-Benzoquinone Cycloaddition Strategy Toward Morphine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perez, Felix Rene

    2013-01-01

    and 1,3-butadiene. .. 99 Schemephenyl-1,3-butadiene 67. .and 2,3-dimethyl-1,3-butadiene (Scheme 1-4, Equation 3).

  8. Retention of canopy lichens after partial-cut harvesting in wet-belt interior cedarhemlock forests,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    Retention of canopy lichens after partial-cut harvesting in wet-belt interior cedar­hemlock forests-growth cedar­hemlock forests of the interior wet-belt of British Columbia are rich in abundance and diversity a zone of high precipitation, the so-called interior wet- belt, which favours the development of lush wet

  9. Snapping Supernovae at z>1.7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aldering, Greg

    2009-01-01

    LBNL-61879 Snapping Supernovae at z > 1.7 Greg Aldering,of California. Snapping Supernovae at z > 1.7 Greg Aldering,of very high redshift Type Ia supernovae for cosmology and

  10. BEAVER DISTRIBUTION 233 CM. Fish ,md Cime 75(4): 233-238 1 989

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beier, Paul

    . tremuloides, willow, Salix spp, and alder, Ainus incana, were the most heavily used woody forage species tremuloides, cottonwood, P. trichocarpa, willow, Salix spp., mountain alder, AInus incana, gray dogwood

  11. Testing a Mechanistic Model of Forest-Canopy Mass and Energy Exchange Using Eddy Correlation: Carbon Dioxide and Ozone Uptake by a Mixed Oak-Maple Stand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amthor, JS; Goulden, ML; Munger, JW; Wofsy, SC

    1994-01-01

    exchange of mass and energy between a forest canopy and thewater, energy, and momentum exchange between a forest andmeasurements of forest mass and energy exchange are

  12. "code_support' for CLIFFORD, Bigebra, Octonion, GTP, Cliplus, Octonion in Maple 8 `Copyright 1995-2003 by Rafal Ablamowicz (*) and Bertfried Fauser ($)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ablamowicz, Rafal

    . > split:=proc(pat,str) local a_seq,a1,x,pos,len,n; ############################################### options:=length(a1); pos:=1; while(SearchText(pat,a1,pos..len) 0) do n:=SearchText(pat,a1,pos..len); x:=substring(a1,pos..n-1); a_seq:=a_seq,x; a1:=substring(a1,n+length(pat)..len); len:=length(a1); od: a

  13. Appendix M Cover - Noxious Weeds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    B (K) P Clematis vitalba old man's beard Class C* Class C Class B (K) Conium maculatum poison hemlock Class B* Class B P Class B (K) Convolvulus arvensis bindweed, field Class C*...

  14. Chapter 17 Vegetation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    information can be found in Chapter 16, Wetlands; Chapter 18, Wildlife; and Chapter 19, Fish. 17.1 Affected Environment Most of the project area is in the Western Hemlock Forest...

  15. Remarks On The PARRONDO PARADOX Shalosh B. EKHAD 1 and Doron ZEILBERGER 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeilberger, Doron

    ;nitely many cities labelled by the integers. The train company Y (resp. Z) has service from city n by a Maple package PARRONDO downloadable from Zeilberger's website. 2 If your current capital is n dollars #12; The Maple Package PARRONDO Tells You the BEST Periodic Strategy The Maple package PARRONDO far

  16. Integrating a Comprehensive Modal Emissions Model into ATMIS Transportation Modeling Frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barth, Matthew; Malcom, Carrie; Scora, George

    2001-01-01

    Weir Canyon Maple Main I-15 SR71 SR241 AM Paramics AM GPS MDGreen Rinver Maple Main SR241 SR71 I-15 AM Paramics AM GPSWeir Canyon Maple Main I-15 SR71 SR241 EC EC* 1B 2B 2C a)

  17. The Nearby Supernova FactoryThe Nearby Supernova Factory W.M. Wood-Vasey, G. Aldering, B. C. Lee, S. Loken, P. Nugent, S. Perlmutter, R. Quimby, J. Siegrist, L. Wang Lawrence Berkeley National Lab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .4 0.45 0.5 SupernovaeDiscovered/year/0.02 MagnitudeError Redshift Redshift distribution for Various

  18. [4 + 2] cycloadditions of iminoacetonitriles : synthesis of highly substituted tetrahydropyridines and indolizidine alkaloids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tumidajski, Stephanie

    2013-01-01

    Iminoacetonitriles participate as activated imino dienophiles in intermolecular and intramolecular aza Diels-Alder reactions affording tetrahydropyridines and indolizidines. The [alpha]-amino nitrile cycloadducts are ...

  19. Enantioselective [4 + 2] cycloadditions of iminoacetonitriles : application to the total synthesis of (-)-quinolizidine 2071

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fontaine, Shaun D. (Shaun David)

    2011-01-01

    Iminoacetonitriles participate as reactive dienophiles in intramolecular Diels-Alder cycloadditions affording quinolizidines and indolizidines. The resulting a-amino nitrile cycloadducts are versatile intermediates that ...

  20. [4+2] cycloadditions of iminoacetonitriles : a general strategy for the synthesis of quinolizidines, indolizidines, and piperidines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maloney, Kevin M. (Kevin Matthew)

    2007-01-01

    Iminoacetonitriles participate as reactive dienophiles in intermolecular and intramolecular Diels-Alder cycloadditions leading to quinolizidines, indolizidines, and piperidines. The resultant a-amino nitrile cycloadducts ...

  1. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    spectra (1) emission spectroscopy (1) mass distribution (1) nickel 56 (1) oxygen (1) photometry (1) photosphere (1) spectra (1) Filter by Author Aldering, G. (3) Antilogus, P. (3)...

  2. Penobscot Tribe- 2012 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    With this award, the Penobscot Indian Nation will advance the preconstruction activities required to secure funding for the proposed 227-megawatt (MW) Alder Stream wind project.

  3. Plant Toxicity, Adaptive Herbivory, and Plant Community Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-03-06

    Our general objective is to first examine how the dynamics .... the maximum possible energy intake rate) by ..... and hare contributes to the willow-alder transition.

  4. The kinematics of falling maple seeds and the initial transition to a helical motion This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Z. Jane

    seed falls in a characteristic helical motion. A crude analogy with autorotation of a wind turbine the vertical axis, leading to the gyration about the vertical axis and an opening of the cone angle before. The spiral motion appears to be stable against wind disturbance and is insensitive to the initial conditions

  5. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 22:151164, 2002 Copyright by the American Fisheries Society 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keim, Richard

    State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA Abstract.--Large woody debris (LWD) is important of the Pacific Northwest have been by LWD from large conifers, many riparian forests in the region are dominated by red alder Alnus rubra. The effects of the small size and short life of LWD from red alders on channel

  6. Synthetic studies toward palau򡭩ne and enantioselective total synthesis of biogenetically related (+)-phakellin and (+)-monobromophakellin 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Shaohui

    2009-05-15

    -Alder Reaction and Tsv Reduction Heating diene 2.30 together with dienophile 2.3 in benzene at 95 ?C for 96 h in the presence of 2,6-lutidine, pleasingly led to the formation of a single regioisomeric Diels-Alder adduct 2.32 in 48% overall yield following...

  7. 9/1/2011 file: W1109D_Cruise_Plan_v5.doc CRUISE PLAN R/V WECOMA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Research Lighted Buoy, Light #652) 1300 Deploy Sitka (80m water depth) at comfortable distance from Alder buoy and Hales subsurface mooring (44° 38.0'N, 124° 18.5'W) (6' diam buoy 1000#, 70 m 3/8" wire rope + 45 m ˝" chain + 3-wheel anchor 2500#) Recover Alder with anchor (6' diam buoy 1000#, 70 m 3/8" wire

  8. Synthesis of (-)-Tetracycline Mark G. Charest, Dionicio R. Siegel, and Andrew G. Myers*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    group of the Diels-Alder adduct 5 (triethyl- amine trihydrofluoride, 76%) and oxidized the hydroxyl to bring about the cycloaddition of hydroxyl-protected variants of enone 3 (or 2) with the diene precursor R-hydroxyl group within enone 3 is an important feature of the successful Diels-Alder cyclization

  9. Wednesday, February 11th Luncheon Hadley Room, Lincoln Campus Center Noon 1PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Baby Green Salad~Garlic and Herb Roasted Airline Chicken Breast~ ~Roasted Czajkowski Farm Potatoes~ Mixed Berry Cobbler with Maple Farms Ice Cream~Tea

  10. Old Calculus 223, Fall 1997

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathematics software available on these computers includes Matlab, Maple, Geometer's Sketchpad, and Excel. There will be a student assistant on hand to help ...

  11. Abstract The ability of Trametes versicolor ATCC 20869 to colonize several natural and synthetic materials (wheat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramsay, Juliana

    materials (wheat straw, jute, hemp, maple woodchips, and nylon and poly- ethylene teraphthalate fibers such as woodchips is cheaper. In M. Shin · T.

  12. Magnetism and superconductivi[t]y in Pr-based filled skutterudite arsenides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sayles, Todd Allen

    2008-01-01

    1.5 Superconductivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .and M. B. Maple, ”Superconductivity and non-Fermi liquidSAN DIEGO Magnetism and Superconductiviy in Pr-based Filled

  13. A procedure for finding the k-th power of a matrix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Branko Malesevic; Ivana Jovovic

    2007-04-08

    We give a new procedure in Maple for finding the k-th power of a martix. The algorithm is based on the article [1].

  14. Max-Planck-Institut fur Mathematik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    computational packages, we perform a symmetry classification of destabilizing bifurcations in bidirectional is the equivariant degree and the "Equivariant Degree Maple c Library Package" that performs exact computations is completely taken over by the "Equivariant Degree Maple c Library Package". This equivariant degree approach

  15. Automatic Generation of Generating Functions for Chromatic Polynomials for Grid Graphs (and more general creatures) of Fixed (but arbitrary!) Width

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeilberger, Doron

    ://www.math.rutgers.edu/~zeilberg/pj.html and arviv.org. Written: March 30, 2011. Very Important: This article comments on the Maple package http function of both c and z. The Maple package KamaTzviot automatically computes these rational function by at most m colors. Let's label the vertices of G, once and for all, by the integers {1, . . . , m

  16. Remarks On The PARRONDO PARADOX Shalosh B. EKHAD 1and Doron ZEILBERGER 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeilberger, Doron

    apt spatial analog. Suppose that we have infinitely * *many cities labelled by the integers is accompanied by a* * Maple package PARRONDO downloadable from Zeilberger's website. 2 If your current Package PARRONDO Tells You the BEST Periodic Strategy The Maple package PARRONDO far extends

  17. GREEN MOUNTAIN MORRIS DANCERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GREEN MOUNTAIN MORRIS DANCERS A young men's team performing Morris & Sword dances from England Mountain (boys) and Maple Leaf (girls) will be recruiting new members in January 2009, typically 6th grade, but as a springtime dance, to awaken the earth. The Green Mountain Morris and Maple Leaf Morris are based in Norwich

  18. CURRICULUM VITAE Name: EMILE F. TALBOT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glyde, Henry R.

    specializing in small reactors - Commissioning Specialist for the MAPLE Nuclear Reactors at Chalk River Labs at Chalk River Labs (from May 2001 to April 2006) - Safety analysis support for the MAPLE Reactors (to May calculations on superconductivity Summer 1977: A.E.C.L., Chalk River Nuclear Labs., Ontario Supervisor: Dr. E

  19. Welcome to the Hahn Horticulture Garden!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    species and cultivars as well as the Hahn Amphitheater. The winding path passes through Peggy's Meadow. To the east of the Pavilion lies the Utility Line Arboretum - a display created and maintained by Urban deal for small gardens. Our Trident Maple Allee is a row of stately maples, under

  20. NORTHEASTERN NATURALIST2009 16(1):101112 Stream Macroinvertebrate Communities in Paired

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , hemlock stands may con- strain food resources in streams by shading periphyton communities (Rowell and are important sources of organic carbon, inorganic nutrients, and organisms to downstream ecosystems (Lowe and Likens 2005, Nadeau and Rains 2007, Wipi et al. 2007). Food resources in headwater streams draining

  1. Ecology, 87(12), 2006, pp. 29592966 2006 by the Ecological Society of America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oswald, Wyatt

    a gradient in hemlock abundance from dominant to absent demonstrate: a synchronous, dramatic decline and highlight the potential for climate change to generate major, abrupt dynamics in forest ecosystems. Key) synchronous (currently dated at 4750 14 C yr Ľ 5500 calendar years before present) (Bennett and Fuller 2002

  2. Synthesis and Optical Properties of Phenylene-Containing Oligoacenes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parkhurst, Rebecca R.

    Synthesis of a new class of fully unsaturated ladder structures, phenylene-containing oligoacenes (POAs), using 3,4-bis(methylene)cyclobutene as a building block for sequential Diels–Alder reactions is described. The ...

  3. Total Synthesis of (?)-Himandrine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Movassaghi, Mohammad

    We describe the first total synthesis of (?)-himandrine, a member of the class II galbulimima alkaloids. Noteworthy features of this chemistry include a diastereoselective Diels?Alder reaction in the rapid synthesis of the ...

  4. CX-008597: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Alder Stream Wind Project Feasibility Project CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1 Date: 07/03/2012 Location(s): Maine Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  5. Fall 2014-2015 Public Health Presentations Date Topic Speaker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feschotte, Cedric

    November21st, 2014 12:00-3:00pm Special Presentation REFUGEE SUMMIT Stephen Alder, PhD Academic Senate, Lowell Bennion Community Service Center Gerald Brown Utah State Refugee Coordinator Director, Refugee

  6. STOPOVER ECOLOGY AND HABITAT SELECTION OF JUVENILE SWAINSON'S THRUSHES DURING FALL MIGRATION ALONG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Matthew

    [Picea]), with interspersed patches of broadleaf forest (willow [Salix] and alder [Alnus]) in poorly Picea) con parches dispersos de bosque latifoliado (Salix) y de Alnus en las zonas con poco drenaje

  7. Cyclobutadiene–C[subscript 60] Adducts: N-Type Materials for Organic Photovoltaic Cells with High V[subscript OC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Ggoch Ddeul

    New tetraalkylcyclobutadiene–C[subscript 60] adducts are developed via Diels–Alder cycloaddition of C[subscript 60] with in situ generated cyclobutadienes. The cofacial ?-orbital interactions between the fullerene orbitals ...

  8. Spectroscopic Determination of the Atomicf-Electron Symmetry...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Butch, Nicholas P. ; Maple, M. Brian ; Hussain, Zahid ; Chuang, Yi-De Publication Date: 2015-06-09 OSTI Identifier: 1184069 GrantContract Number: FG02-04-ER46105; AC02-05CH11231...

  9. WETLANDS, Vol. 21, No. 4, December 2001, pp. 474483 2001, The Society of Wetland Scientists

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .9% of the marsh surface. Key Words: salt marsh, Spartina alterniflora, benthic microalgae, meiofauna, macrofauna differences in assemblages of microalgae (Maples 1982, Blan- chard and Montagna 1992), meiofauna (Fleeger 1985

  10. Advanced Photon Source

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Useful Links Publications 2015 Nicholas P. Butch, Michael E. Manley, Jason R. Jeffries, Marc Janoschek, Kevin Huang, M. Brian Maple, Ayman H. Said, Bogdan M. Leu, and Jeffrey W....

  11. CX-012823: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Rocky Reach-Maple Valley #1 Line Bridge Installation CX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 41873 Location(s): WashingtonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  12. CX-005847: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Rocky Reach - Maple Valley Access Road RepairCX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 05/05/2011Location(s): King County, WashingtonOffice(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  13. Space, Place, and Music in New Orleans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raimondi, Julie Michelle

    2012-01-01

    would stop by after their gigs at White clubs, sit in onrehearsing needed for new gigs. Bands often choose pieceslong-standing Tuesday night gig tradition at the Maple Leaf.

  14. Chemical changes to leaf litter from trees grown under elevated CO2 and the implications for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, John J.

    species. Quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides), white willow (Salix alba), and sugar maple (Acer saccharum-trembles (Populus tremuloides), des saules blancs (Salix alba) et des érables ŕ sucre (Acer saccharum) dans des

  15. October 2009 21 DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    via the use of paraformaldehyde (PFA) pellets in tapholes, resulting in substantially higher sap 1970). Because sustainable maple tapping relies upon the ability of the tree to regrow more wood

  16. Carbohydrate Polymers 92 (2013) 334344 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Riverside, University of

    2013-01-01

    biomass ("U.S. Billion-Ton Update: Biomass Supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry," 2011). Consis: Biomass Supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry," 2011). Red maple (Acer rubrum), also known

  17. Automatic Generation of Generating Functions for Chromatic Polynomials for Grid Graphs (and more general creatures) of Fixed (but arbitrary!) Width

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeilberger, Doron

    ://www.math.rutgers.edu/~zeilberg/pj.html and arviv.org. Written: March 30, 2011. Very Important: This article comments on the Maple package httpĂ?Pm (c)z n is a rational function of both c and z. The Maple package KamaTzviot automatically computes, so it can be legally colored by at most m colors. Let's label the vertices of G, once and for all

  18. Controlling porosity in bridged polysilsesquioxanes through elimination reactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McClain, M.D.; Loy, D.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Prabakar, S. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Advanced Materials Lab.

    1996-06-01

    The retro Diels-Alder reaction was used to modify porosity in hydrocarbon-bridged polysilsesquioxane gels. Microporous polysilsesquioxanes incorporating a thermally labile Diels-Alder adduct as the hydrocarbon bridging group were prepared by sol-gel polymerization of trans-2,3-bis(triethoxysilyl)norbornene. Upon heating the 2,3-norbornenylene-bridges polymers at temperatures above 250 C, the norbornenylene-bridging group underwent a retro Diels-Alder reaction losing cyclopentadiene and leaving behind a ethenylene-bridged polysilsesquioxane. Less than theoretical quantities of cyclopentadiene were volatilized indicating that some of the diene was either reacting with the silanol and olefinic rich material or undergoing oligomerization. Both scanning electron microscopy and nitrogen sorption porosimetry revealed net coarsening of pores (and reduction of surface area) in the materials with thermolysis.

  19. Thermally cleavable surfactants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McElhanon, James R. (Manteca, CA); Simmons, Blake A. (San Francisco, CA); Zifer, Thomas (Manteca, CA); Jamison, Gregory M. (Albuquerque, NM); Loy, Douglas A. (Albuquerque, NM); Rahimian, Kamyar (Albuquerque, NM); Long, Timothy M. (Urbana, IL); Wheeler, David R. (Albuquerque, NM); Staiger, Chad L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2009-11-24

    Two new surfactant molecules are reported which contain thermally labile Diels-Alder adducts connecting the polar and non-polar sections of each molecule. The two surfactants possess identical non-polar dodecyl tail segments but exhibit different polar headgroups. The surfactants become soluble in water when anionic salts are formed through the deprotonation of the surfactant headgroups by the addition of potassium hydroxide. When either surfactant is exposed to temperature above about 60.degree. C., the retro Diels-Alder reaction occurs, yielding hydrophilic and hydrophobic fragments or the aqueous solutions of the surfactants subsequently exhibit loss of all surface-active behavior.

  20. Thermally cleavable surfactants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McElhanon, James R. (Manteca, CA); Simmons, Blake A. (San Francisco, CA); Zifer, Thomas (Manteca, CA); Jamison, Gregory M. (Albuquerque, NM); Loy, Douglas A. (Albuquerque, NM); Rahimian, Kamyar (Albuquerque, NM); Long, Timothy M. (Urbana, IL); Wheeler, David R. (Albuquerque, NM); Staiger, Chad L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2009-09-29

    Two new surfactant molecules are reported which contain thermally labile Diels-Alder adducts connecting the polar and non-polar sections of each molecule. The two surfactants possess identical non-polar dodecyl tail segments but exhibit different polar headgroups. The surfactants become soluble in water when anionic salts are formed through the deprotonation of the surfactant headgroups by the addition of potassium hydroxide. When either surfactant is exposed to temperature above about 60.degree. C., the retro Diels-Alder reaction occurs, yielding hydrophilic and hydrophobic fragments or the aqueous solutions of the surfactants subsequently exhibit loss of all surface-active behavior.

  1. Thermally cleavable surfactants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McElhanon, James R. (Manteca, CA); Simmons, Blake A. (San Francisco, CA); Zifer, Thomas (Manteca, CA); Jamison, Gregory M. (Albuquerque, NM); Loy, Douglas A. (Albuquerque, NM); Rahimian, Kamyar (Albuquerque, NM); Long, Timothy M. (Urbana, IL); Wheeler, David R. (Albuquerque, NM); Staiger, Chad L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2006-04-04

    Two new surfactant molecules are reported which contain thermally labile Diels-Alder adducts connecting the polar and non-polar sections of each molecule. The two surfactants possess identical non-polar dodecyl tail segments but exhibit different polar headgroups. The surfactants become soluble in water when anionic salts are formed through the deprotonation of the surfactant headgroups by the addition of potassium hydroxide. When either surfactant is exposed to temperature above about 60.degree. C., the retro Diels-Alder reaction occurs, yielding hydrophilic and hydrophobic fragments and the aqueous solutions of the surfactants subsequently exhibit loss of all surface-active behavior.

  2. Energy use by biological protein transport pathways

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economou, Tassos

    Energy use by biological protein transport pathways Nathan N. Alder1 and Steven M. Theg2 1 of metabolic energy, using the free energy of ATP and GTP hydrolysis and/or a transmembrane protonmotive force provided insights into the mechanisms of energy transduction, force generation and energy use by different

  3. ORIGINAL PAPER Metabolic profiling of major vitamin D metabolites using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Metabolic profiling of major vitamin D metabolites using Diels­Alder derivatization active forms of vitamin D are impor- tant analytical targets in both research and clinical practice. The current technology is such that each of the vitamin D metabolites is usually analyzed by individual assay

  4. Coulomb and Nuclear-Excitation of Giant-Dipole Resonances in (Alpha,alpha') Inelastic-Scattering 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shlomo, S.; Lui, YW; Youngblood, David H.; Udagawa, T.; Tamura, T.

    1987-01-01

    . UTNT-1 (unpublished) ~ T. Tamura, Rev. Mod. Phys. 37, 679 (1965); Oak Ridge Na- tional Laboratory Report ORNL-4152, 1967. ~oK. Alder and H. C. A. Pauli, Nuc1. Phys. AI28, 193 (1969). ' G. R. Satchler, Nucl. Phys. A195, 1 (1972); A224, 596 (1974). A...

  5. ConstitutionAve. CityParkAve.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Yongcheng

    ConstitutionAve. CityParkAve. SkylineDr. West Plum St. West Elizabeth St. International House 1400 Environmental Research Center Greenhouse Animal Sciences Morgan Library Natural Resources Lagoon Arthur Ditch Center A College Avenue Gym Field House National Center for Genetic Resources Preservation Alder Hall

  6. Condensation Reactions between 1,3-Butadiene Radical Cation and Acetylene in the Gas Guy Bouchoux,*, Minh Tho Nguyen, and Jean-Yves Salpin,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Minh Tho

    Condensation Reactions between 1,3-Butadiene Radical Cation and Acetylene in the Gas Phase Guy experimental and theoretical results concerning the reaction of [1,3-butadiene]+· radical cation, 1-Alder reaction involving ionized 1,3-butadiene and ethylene gives ionized cyclopenteny

  7. Appendix 1. RFLP patterns and locations of ITS region from Daphnia dentifera (d), Daphnia galeata mendotae (gm), Daphnia galeata galeata (g) and their hybrids. The RFLP pattern designators are the same as in Figure 4. Locations are listed alphabetically.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Derek

    mendotae (gm), Daphnia galeata galeata (g) and their hybrids. The RFLP pattern designators are the same as in Figure 4. Locations are listed alphabetically. Location Taxon C1 (d) C1+C2 (dxgm) C2 (gm) B+C2 (ggxgm) B (gg) rare Political region Latitude Longitude Alder Pond GM 1 1 Alaska 60.806983 -148

  8. Henan Jiaozuo Riguang New Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy ElectricalsFTLTechnology Srl JumpSubObjectsHemlock

  9. Henan Mingdu Wind Power Co Ltd aka He Nan Ming Du Feng Dian Limited Company

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy ElectricalsFTLTechnology Srl JumpSubObjectsHemlock| Open Energy

  10. Hex Power System | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy ElectricalsFTLTechnology Srl JumpSubObjectsHemlock| Open

  11. Hexagon Global Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy ElectricalsFTLTechnology Srl JumpSubObjectsHemlock| OpenHexagon

  12. Hexatronic Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy ElectricalsFTLTechnology Srl JumpSubObjectsHemlock|

  13. Hidroelectrica de Arnoya | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy ElectricalsFTLTechnology Srl JumpSubObjectsHemlock|Arnoya Jump

  14. Hidroelectrica de Ourol | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy ElectricalsFTLTechnology Srl JumpSubObjectsHemlock|Arnoya

  15. High Country Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy ElectricalsFTLTechnology Srl JumpSubObjectsHemlock|ArnoyaEnergy

  16. CURRICULUM VITAE -TEODOR BANICA Department of Mathematics, CNRS UMR 8088

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banica, Teodor

    year (Fall 1994) Linear algebra - 2nd year (Fall 1995) 1999-00: Assistant Professor, University 2003) 2004-09: Professor, Paul Sabatier University, Toulouse Multivariable calculus - 2nd year (Fall 2004) Integral calculus - 3rd year (Fall 2004) Maple and R - 2nd year (Fall 2005) Measure theory - 3rd

  17. Trade-offs and synergies in a world moving towards a more

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canada (Canada); MAPLE model. For more information, please contact: Ms. Martine A. Uyterlinde, uyterlinde of coal remains uncertain, as it depends on the estimates for costs and potential for CCS. Secondly, as there is a tendency towards coal, even though renewables also benefit. The addi- tional effect of enhanced

  18. The Invar Tensor Package

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose M. Martin-Garcia; Renato Portugal; Leon R. U. Manssur

    2007-04-13

    The Invar package is introduced, a fast manipulator of generic scalar polynomial expressions formed from the Riemann tensor of a four-dimensional metric-compatible connection. The package can maximally simplify any polynomial containing tensor products of up to seven Riemann tensors within seconds. It has been implemented both in Mathematica and Maple algebraic systems.

  19. Copyright 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. 1. Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Wandi

    ; · will be able to handle computationally intractable problems and generate numeric solutions; and · will be able others. Each Maple Manual for Fundamentals of Differential Equations, 8e, and Fundamentals, mathematical epidemiolo- gy, special functions, electrical circuits, and athletics. A brief overview of each

  20. Drill Press Speed Chart Recommended operating speeds (RPM)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigg, Chris

    Drill Press Speed Chart Recommended operating speeds (RPM) Accessory Softwood (Pine) Hardwood (Hard Maple) Acrylic Brass Aluminum Steel Shop Notes Twist drill bits 1/16" - 3/16" 1/4" - 3/8" 7/16"- 5/8" 11 1000 600 350 Lubricate drill with oil when cutting steel 1/8" or thicker. Use center punch on all holes

  1. Institut for Matematik og Datalogi Syddansk Universitet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyar, Joan

    if the message (and alphabet) is English or Danish. 1 #12; 3. This was entitled ''Cold Country if the message (and alphabet) is English or Danish. 5. Do problem 48 on page 557. Try decrypting. What or Danish.) Turn in a copy of your Maple worksheet (don't change it to a PDF file this one time) via

  2. Institut for Matematik og Datalogi Syddansk Universitet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyar, Joan

    if the message (and alphabet) is English or Danish. 1 #12;3. This was entitled "Cold Country". It was encrypted if the message (and alphabet) is English or Danish. 5. Do problem 48 on page 557. Try decrypting. What or Danish.) Turn in a copy of your Maple worksheet (don't change it to a PDF file this one time) via

  3. Sorption Hysteresis of Benzene in Charcoal Particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muzzio, Fernando J.

    Sorption Hysteresis of Benzene in Charcoal Particles W A S H I N G T O N J . B R A I D A , , J O (benzene) in water to a maple- wood charcoal prepared by oxygen-limited pyrolysis at 673 K. Gas adsorption m2/g, and appreciable porosity in ultramicropores Benzene sorption- desorption conditions

  4. Mining the Online Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Hieu D.

    , labeled by record number A000045, and 88 other sequences having the same terms. One learns from and Plouffe's gfun Maple package (see [2]) for computing the generating function of a given series given the first few terms, or to recognize certain families of integer sequences, e.g. see [1]. The package gfun

  5. R u t c o r R e p o r t

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R u t c o r Research R e p o r t RUTCOR Rutgers Center for Operations Research Rutgers University Ben­Israel a RRR 36­99, November, 1999 a RUTCOR--Rutgers Center for Operations Research, Rutgers­known examples in Probability and Operations Research are analyzed using simulation with Maple. Keywords

  6. Chapter 2 x Pressure Distribution in a Fluid 139 2.113 A spar buoy is a rod weighted to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    Chapter 2 x Pressure Distribution in a Fluid 139 2.113 A spar buoy is a rod weighted to float vertically, as in Fig. P2.113. Let the buoy be maple wood (SG 0.6), 2 in by 2 in by 10 ft, floating

  7. Short Sage history Status Viability? Freedom! Python Interfaces SageTEX Combinatorics Sage-Combinat Sage: a free open-source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goubet, Olivier

    , Mathematica, ... Specialized free systems: Maxima, GAP, Pari, Singular, ... UFO'S: Axiom, MuPAD, ... #12, ... Specialized free systems: Maxima, GAP, Pari, Singular, ... UFO'S: Axiom, MuPAD, ... Early 2000's: frustration: Maple, Mathematica, ... Specialized free systems: Maxima, GAP, Pari, Singular, ... UFO'S: Axiom, Mu

  8. Math 331 -Fall 2008 Project 3 -Fractals Due Dec 17th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutherland, Scott

    Math 331 - Fall 2008 Project 3 - Fractals Due Dec 17th For this project, you should submit a paper clearly how you construct such a set and compute the similarity dimension. Plot the first 4 approximating must be entirely individual and that any form of sharing the paper or the Maple file will be penalized

  9. The TauPToo~kit:Flexib/e Seismic Travel-time and Ray-path Utilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    The TauPToo~kit:Flexib/e Seismic Travel-time and Ray-path Utilities H. Philip Crotwell, Thomas studies. These factors highlight the need for versatile utilities that allow the calculation of travel to implement this approach. We used Maple (Heal etal., 1996), a symbolic mathematics utility, to help convert

  10. MANUFACTURING OF TRIPLE-JUNCTION 4 fe a-Si ALLOY PV MODULES M. Izu, X. Deng, A. Krisko, K. Whelan, R. Young, II. C. G-&n&y, K. L. Namsimhan and S. R. Gvshinsky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Xunming

    MANUFACTURING OF TRIPLE-JUNCTION 4 fe a-Si ALLOY PV MODULES M. Izu, X. Deng, A. Krisko, K. Whelan West Maple Road, Troy, MI 48084 ABSTRACT Spectrum splitting, triple-junction a-Si alloy 4 f? PV modules *. These PV modules provide 9.5% initial and 8.0% stable conversion efficiencies, the highest reported values

  11. Long-term observation of the atmospheric exchange of CO2 with a temperate deciduous forest in southern Ontario, Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Xuhui

    in southern Ontario, Canada Xuhui Lee School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven M. Staebler and Harold H. Neumann Atmospheric Environment Service, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Abstract of maple and aspen at Camp Borden in southern Ontario, Canada, between July 1995 and December 1997. Main

  12. Ejection of matrix-polymer clusters in matrix-assisted laser evaporation: Coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    Ejection of matrix-polymer clusters in matrix-assisted laser evaporation: Coarse-grained molecular, as related to the matrix-assisted laser evaporation (MAPLE) technique for polymer film deposition. Coarse- grained description of molecular matrix and polymer molecules is used in the model, allowing for large

  13. Matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation of polymeric materials: a molecular dynamics study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    Matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation of polymeric materials: a molecular dynamics study Tatiana Matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation (MAPLE) has been recently developed to deposit high-quality thin is modeled as a solution of polymer molecules in a molecular matrix. The breathing sphere model is used

  14. Ris National Laboratory DTU Optics and Plasma Research Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risř National Laboratory DTU Postprint Optics and Plasma Research Department 2007 Paper: www (MAPLE) K Rodrigo1,2, J Schou1#, B Toftmann1 and R Pedrys2 1 Department of Optics and Plasma Research Department of Optics and Plasma Research, Risř National Laboratory, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark 2 Institute

  15. March 2015 Page19 Thinking of expanding, call

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    in the past, however these factors can now potentially be mitigated with the use of reverse osmosis and vacuum from consum- ers for more locally-produced foods. It is possible that maple pro- ducers with a birch yields from birch trees tapped using vacuum, and whether adding birch syrup production to exist- ing

  16. Computational Algebra Group Centre for Experimental and Constructive Mathematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Computational Algebra Group Centre for Experimental and Constructive Mathematics Department - y + 1 0 1 Introduction Our goal is to do linear algebra computations over arbitrary rings and fields. We have written a Maple package, GenericLinearAlgebra, that implements the following commands

  17. 70 J. Environ. Hort. 27(2):7079. June 2009 Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Inoculation Affects Root

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    in situ using minirhizotrons. One year after transplant, AMF colonization levels had increased in three colonization, mycorrhizal inoculation. Species used in this study: Acer buergerianum Miq. [trident maple], Acer nutrition. Commercial AMF inoculants are generally mar- keted on the claim that they will increase root

  18. Time Series Analysis of Aviation Dr. Richard Xie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is free · R is a language, not just a statistical tool · R makes graphics and visualization of the best, Mathematica, Maple ­ SAS, SPSS, STATA, R ­ ROOT, PAW, KNIME, Data Applied, etc. ­ Others #12;Use R! · R quality · A flexible statistical analysis toolkit · Access to powerful, cutting-edge analytics · A robust

  19. On Solving a Problem in Algebraic Geometry by Cluster Computing ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    program is implemented in the software library CASA on top of the computer algebra system Maple (computer algebra software for constructive algebraic geometry) which has been developed on topOn Solving a Problem in Algebraic Geometry by Cluster Computing ? Wolfgang Schreiner, Christian

  20. University of Illinois at Chicago Homepage: http://imyy.net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurder, Steven

    Yu, Yue University of Illinois at Chicago Homepage: http://imyy.net b Office 719 SEO 851 S. Morgan Design, Parallel Computing, Data Mining and Prediction, Scientific Software, Numerical Analysis Enterprise Guide, Minitab typography LATEX, Microsoft Office scientific Matlab, Maple, R, Lingo

  1. Electroabsorption measurements and built-in potentials in amorphous silicon pin solar cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Xunming

    Electroabsorption measurements and built-in potentials in amorphous silicon p­i­n solar cells Lin 13244-1130 S. Guha and J. Yang United Solar Systems Corporation, 1100 West Maple Road, Troy, Michigan electroabsorption measurements to determine the built-in potential in semiconductor heterojunction devices

  2. New Light on Dark Energy (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Linder, Eric; Ho, Shirly; Aldering, Greg; Fraiknoi, Andrew

    2011-06-08

    A panel of Lab scientists ? including Eric Linder, Shirly Ho, and Greg Aldering ? along with Andrew Fraiknoi, the Bay Area's most popular astronomy explainer, gathered at the Berkeley Repertory Theatre on Monday, April 25, 2011, for a discussion about "New Light on Dark Energy." Topics will include hunting down Type 1a supernovae, measuring the universe using baryon oscillation, and whether dark energy is the true driver of the universe.

  3. doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(03)00140-6 The Geysers -Cobb Mountain Magma System, California (Part 1): U-Pb zircon ages of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Mark

    doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(03)00140-6 The Geysers - Cobb Mountain Magma System, California (Part 1): U and regional geological relationships (1 analytical error): 2.47 0.04 Ma (rhyolite of Pine Mountain), 1.38 0.01 Ma (rhyolite of Alder Creek), 1.33 0.04 Ma (rhyodacite of Cobb Mountain), 1.27 0.03 Ma (dacite

  4. Evaluating the Contribution of Climate Forcing and Forest Dynamics to Accelerating Carbon Sequestration by Forest Ecosystems in the Northeastern U.S.: Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Munger, J. William; Foster, David R.; Richardson, Andrew D.

    2014-10-01

    This report summarizes work to improve quantitative understanding of the terrestrial ecosystem processes that control carbon sequestration in unmanaged forests It builds upon the comprehensive long-term observations of CO2 fluxes, climate and forest structure and function at the Harvard Forest in Petersham, MA. This record includes the longest CO2 flux time series in the world. The site is a keystone for the AmeriFlux network. Project Description The project synthesizes observations made at the Harvard Forest HFEMS and Hemlock towers, which represent the dominant mixed deciduous and coniferous forest types in the northeastern United States. The 20+ year record of carbon uptake at Harvard Forest and the associated comprehensive meteorological and biometric data, comprise one of the best data sets to challenge ecosystem models on time scales spanning hourly, daily, monthly, interannual and multi-decadal intervals, as needed to understand ecosystem change and climate feedbacks.

  5. Biochem. J. (2013) 455, 107118 (Printed in Great Britain) doi:10.1042/BJ20130126 SUPPLEMENTARY ONLINE DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nizet, Victor

    2013-01-01

    stated below branches). For accession numbers, see Table S3. 1 To whom correspondence should be addressed, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3TA, U.K. 4 Present address: Waters Corporation, 34 Maple Street, Milford Top10 Invitrogen N/A BL21 pLysS Invitrogen N/A GAS (serotype) NZ131 (M49) ASM1812v1 ACI61688 3487

  6. Magnitude of 1999 release to the ORR truly unique Record of the 14C-Pulse in Tree Rings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magnitude of 1999 release to the ORR truly unique Record of the 14C-Pulse in Tree Rings The 14C signature in the local tree ring record demonstrates the unique and unprecedented nature of the 1999 event-Jan-97 full leaves buds-oak buds-maple 1988 1999 2000 2001 Expected with no label N2000 N2001 D14C

  7. ELLESMERE ROAD MORNINGSIDEAVENUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boonstra, Rudy

    - 5 spaces PC - 8 spaces PD - 4 spaces PE - 4 spaces PJ - 6 spaces SW - 4 spaces SY - 1 space For more - Portables B4, C5 RC - Athletics Centre C4 SL - Student Centre C3 SY - Science Research A4 SW - Science Wing - Larch Hall B3 M - Maple Hall B3 Residences A 1 2 3 4 5 7 6 1 2 3 4 5 7 6 B DC E A B DC E SRC MW HW SW PO

  8. Windthrow Mechanics: Tree Winching and Wind Tunnel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Stephen

    (Maple Ridge) July: Tree Winching in Prince George August: Second Wind Tunnel Session Plans for the year in Prince George Summary Averaged between 2 and 3 trees per day 18 Sx pulled (range 16-40 cm DBH) 13 Pl pulled (range 20-40 cm DBH) Grand total of 66 trees pulled in MKRF and Prince George #12;10/21/2003 8 #12

  9. Method of making thermally removable adhesives

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Aubert, James H.

    2004-11-30

    A method of making a thermally-removable adhesive is provided where a bismaleimide compound, a monomeric furan compound, containing an oxirane group an amine curative are mixed together at an elevated temperature of greater than approximately 90.degree. C. to form a homogeneous solution, which, when cooled to less than approximately 70.degree. C., simultaneously initiates a Diels-Alder reaction between the furan and the bismaleimide and a epoxy curing reaction between the amine curative and the oxirane group to form a thermally-removable adhesive. Subsequent heating to a temperature greater than approximately 100.degree. C. causes the adhesive to melt and allows separation of adhered pieces.

  10. LDRD final report on intelligent polymers for nanodevice performance control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JAMISON,GREGORY M.; LOY,DOUGLAS A.; WHEELER,DAVID R.; SAUNDERS,RANDALL S.L; SHELNUTT,JOHN A.; CARR,MARTIN J.; SHALTOUT,RAAFAT M.

    2000-01-01

    A variety of organic and hybrid organic-inorganic polymer systems were prepared and evaluated for their bulk response to optical, thermal and chemical environmental changes. These included modeling studies of polyene-bridged metal porphyrin systems, metal-mediated oligomerization of phosphaalkynes as heteroatomic analogues to polyacetylene monomers, investigations of chemically amplified degradation of acid- and base-sensitive polymers and thermally responsive thermoplastic thermosets based on Diels-Alder cycloaddition chemistry. The latter class of materials was utilized to initiate work to develop a new technique for rapidly building a library of systems with varying depolymerization temperatures.

  11. Alderney Renewable Energy ARE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand DaltonSolarOpen5 -Telephone Co JumpAlcoholesAlcopanAldaAlder

  12. Aldine, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand DaltonSolarOpen5 -Telephone Co JumpAlcoholesAlcopanAldaAlderAldine,

  13. Maleimide Functionalized Siloxane Resins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loy, D.A.; Shaltout, R.M.

    1999-04-01

    Polyorganosiloxanes are a commercially important class of compounds. They exhibit many important properties, including very low glass transition temperatures, making them useful over a wide temperature range. In practice, the polysiloxane polymer is often mixed with a filler material to help improve its mechanical properties. An alternative method for increasing polymer mechanical strength is through the incorporation of certain substituents on the polymer backbone. Hard substituents such as carbonates and imides generally result in improved mechanical properties of polysiloxanes. In this paper, we present the preparation of novel polysiloxane resins modified with hard maleimide substituents. Protected ethoxysilyl-substituted propyl-maleimides were prepared. The maleimide substituent was protected with a furanyl group and the monomer polymerized under aqueous acidic conditions. At elevated temperatures (>120 C), the polymer undergoes retro Diels-Alder reaction with release of foran (Equation 1). The deprotected polymer can then be selectively crosslinked by a forward Diels-Alder reaction (in the presence of a co-reactant having two or more dime functionalities).

  14. Cone University Health Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howitt, Ivan

    Lot MSU Lot 20 Lot 6 Lot 9A Lot 5 Lot 15 Lot 14 Lot 22 Lot 4 Lot 4A Lot 5A Lot 16A Lot 16 Lot 7 Lot 7A Lot 11 Lot 18 Lot 19 51 38 546 52 5 4 65 33 519 520 518 6 23 517 526 525 523 527 528 543 522 521 Operations & Parking Services K S R Q T U Elm P O Ce dar Hick ory S ycam ore Maple Pine Y W X Z V Cafeteria

  15. Habitat use by the golden-cheeked warbler in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newnam, John Calvin

    2009-05-15

    ) in Burnet County, Lost Maples State Park (LMSP) in Bandera County, Meridian State Park (MSP) in Bosque County, Pedernales Falls State Park (PFSP) in Blanco County, and Possum Kingdom State Park (PKSP) in Palo Pinto County. One study site was located... and nests by study site. Site Transects Nests Palo Pinto 31 0 Somervell 58 2 Bosque 54 1 San Saba 81 7 Burnet 24 0 Travis 155 46 Blanco 77 6 Hays 59 9 Comal 89 2 Bexar 61 3 Bandera 97 7 Uvalde 50 0 Total 836 83 15 Results of Levene?s test indicated that I...

  16. Forest structure of the big Thicket Scenic Area, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, Daniel Harrison

    1974-01-01

    , Cahaba series. Lob- lolly pine, water oak, black gum, and red maple are the dominant species visible. Interior view of stand 3, Lucy series. The large tree is southern magnolia and the under- story is redbay. Interior view of the bayhead stand (12...-hardwood forest which originally encompassed an area of two million acres (McLeod 1967). It contains elements of the oak-pine and southeastern ever- green forest regions of Braun (1950) and represents the westernmost extent of the southern mixed hardwood...

  17. Computer Algebra Solving of First Order ODEs Using Symmetry Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. S. Cheb-Terrab; L. G. S. Duarte; L. A. C. P. da Mota

    1996-07-16

    A set of Maple V R.3/4 computer algebra routines for the analytical solving of 1st. order ODEs, using Lie group symmetry methods, is presented. The set of commands includes a 1st. order ODE-solver and routines for, among other things: the explicit determination of the coefficients of the infinitesimal symmetry generator; the construction of the most general invariant 1st. order ODE under given symmetries; the determination of the canonical coordinates of the underlying invariant group; and the testing of the returned results.

  18. Energy and Global Security Directorate 2015 Strategic Plan | Argonne

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunities EnergyU.S. DOEEnergy StorageTricks Lead toJohn MaplesNational

  19. Detection of long-term trends in carbon accumulation by forests in Northeastern U. S. and determination of causal factors: Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. William Munger; Steven C. Wofsy; David R. Foster

    2012-01-31

    The overall project goal was to quantify the trends and variability for Net ecosystem exchange of CO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}O, and energy by northeastern forests, with particular attention to the role of succession, differences in species composition, legacies of past land use, and disturbances. Measurements included flux measurements and observations of biomass accumulation using ecosystem modeling as a framework for data interpretation. Continuation of the long-term record at the Environmental Measurement Site (EMS) Tower was a priority. The final quality-assured CO{sub 2}-flux data now extend through 2010. Data through 2011 are collected but not yet finalized. Biomass observations on the plot array centered on the tower are extended to 2011. Two additional towers in a hemlock stand (HEM) and a younger deciduous stand (LPH) complement the EMS tower by focusing on stands with different species composition or age distribution and disturbance history, but comparable climate and soil type. Over the period since 1993 the forest has added 24.4 Mg-C ha{sup -1} in the living trees. Annual net carbon uptake had been increasing from about 2 Mg-C ha{sup -1}y{sup -1} in the early 1990s to nearly 6 Mg-C ha{sup -1}y{sup -1} by 2008, but declined in 2009-2010. We attribute the increasing carbon uptake to a combination of warmer temperatures, increased photosynthetic efficiency, and increased influence by subcanopy hemlocks that are active in the early spring and late autumn when temperatures are above freezing but the deciduous canopy is bare. Not all of the increased carbon accumulation was found in woody biomass. Results from a study using data to optimize parameters in an ecosystem process model indicate that significant changes in model parameters for photosynthetic capacity and shifts in allocation to slow cycling soil organic matter are necessary for the model to match the observed trends. The emerging working hypothesis is that the pattern of increasing carbon uptake over the early 2000's represents a transient pulse that will eventually end as decomposition of the accumulated carbon catches up.

  20. Observations of summer roosting and foraging behavior of a hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus) in southern New Hampshire.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veillieux, J. P.; Moosman, P. R.; Reynolds, D. S.; LaGory, K. E.; Walston, L. J.; Environmental Science Division; Franklin Pierce Univ.; Fitchburg State Coll.; St. Paul's School

    2009-01-01

    Few data are available that describe the roosting and foraging ecology of the Hoary Bat (Lasiurus cinereus), and no such data are available for the northeastern United States. We captured a juvenile Hoary Bat in south-central New Hampshire during July of 2007 and monitored its roosting behavior for ten days and its foraging behavior for one night. The bat roosted with two other bats, which we presumed were its mother and sibling. These bats roosted exclusively in Tsuga canadensis (Eastern Hemlock Tree) and tended to roost near tree tops in the forest canopy. The radiotagged bat used at least six roost trees and changed roost location eight times during the ten-day observation period. Although roost-tree fidelity was low, all roost trees were located within a maximum circular area of 0.5 ha. The bat foraged over an estimated 156-ha area of mostly forest habitat (68%), with additional open habitats (15%) and wetlands (17%). These data are the first observations of roosting and foraging behaviors by the Hoary Bat in the northeastern region of its geographic range.

  1. Method of making thermally removable polyurethanes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loy, Douglas A. (Albuquerque, NM); Wheeler, David R. (Albuquerque, NM); McElhanon, James R. (Livermore, CA); Saunders, Randall S. (late of Albuquerque, NM); Durbin-Voss, Marvie Lou (Albuquerque, NM)

    2002-01-01

    A method of making a thermally-removable polyurethane material by heating a mixture of a maleimide compound and a furan compound, and introducing alcohol and isocyanate functional groups, where the alcohol group and the isocyanate group reacts to form the urethane linkages and the furan compound and the maleimide compound react to form the thermally weak Diels-Alder adducts that are incorporated into the backbone of the urethane linkages during the formation of the polyurethane material at temperatures from above room temperature to less than approximately 90.degree. C. The polyurethane material can be easily removed within approximately an hour by heating to temperatures greater than approximately 90.degree. C. in a polar solvent. The polyurethane material can be used in protecting electronic components that may require subsequent removal of the solid material for component repair, modification or quality control.

  2. Maleimide Functionalized Siloxane Resins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shaltout, R.M.; Loy, D.A.; Wheeler, D.R.

    1999-04-21

    In-situ filling through hydrolysis and condensation of silicon alkoxides has been utilized to generate nanocomposites in which the filler phase can be intimately associated with the polymer on relatively small length scales. One problem of the method has been achieving useful fill volumes without bulk phase separation of the reacting silicon monomer from the polymer. In this paper, we describe the preparation of a new class of nanocomposite materials in which the inorganic filler phase is pre-assembled before copolymerization with an organic species. Maleimide monomers, prepared from alkoxysilylpropyl amines and maleic anhydride, were protected against side reactions by forming the oxonorbornene Diels-Alder adduct with furan. The monomers were then reacted under sol-gel conditions to form oligomers or polymers-the filler phase. The material was activated by thermal deprotection of the maleimide and reacted with organic monomers or polymers to form the filled nanocomposite.

  3. Tappable Pine Trees: Commercial Production of Terpene Biofuels in Pine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2012-01-01

    PETRO Project: The University of Florida is working to increase the amount of turpentine in harvested pine from 4% to 20% of its dry weight. While enhanced feedstocks for biofuels have generally focused on fuel production from leafy plants and grasses, the University of Florida is experimenting with enhancing fuel production in a species of pine that is currently used in the paper pulping industry. Pine trees naturally produce around 3-5% terpene content in the wood—terpenes are the energy-dense fuel molecules that are the predominant components of turpentine. The team aims to increase the terpene storage potential and production capacity while improving the terpene composition to a point at which the trees could be tapped while alive, like sugar maples. Growth and production from these trees will take years, but this pioneering technology could have significant impact in making available an economical and domestic source of aviation and diesel biofuels.

  4. Algorithmic Thomas Decomposition of Algebraic and Differential Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bächler, Thomas; Lange-Hegermann, Markus; Robertz, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we consider systems of algebraic and non-linear partial differential equations and inequations. We decompose these systems into so-called simple subsystems and thereby partition the set of solutions. For algebraic systems, simplicity means triangularity, square-freeness and non-vanishing initials. Differential simplicity extends algebraic simplicity with involutivity. We build upon the constructive ideas of J. M. Thomas and develop them into a new algorithm for disjoint decomposition. The given paper is a revised version of a previous paper and includes the proofs of correctness and termination of our decomposition algorithm. In addition, we illustrate the algorithm with further instructive examples and describe its Maple implementation together with an experimental comparison to some other triangular decomposition algorithms.

  5. IMPACTS OF INTERACTING ELEVATED ATMOSPHERIC CO2 AND O3 ON THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONING OF A NORTHERN FOREST ECOSYSTEM: OPERATING AND DECOMMISSIONING THE ASPEN FACE PROJECT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burton, Andrew J.; Zak, Donald R.; Kubiske, Mark E.; Pregitzer, Kurt S.

    2014-06-30

    Two of the most important and pervasive greenhouse gases driving global change and impacting forests in the U.S. and around the world are atmospheric CO2 and tropospheric O3. As the only free air, large-scale manipulative experiment studying the interaction of elevated CO2 and O3 on forests, the Aspen FACE experiment was uniquely designed to address the long-term ecosystem level impacts of these two greenhouse gases on aspen-birch-maple forests, which dominate the richly forested Lake States region. The project was established in 1997 to address the overarching scientific question: “What are the effects of elevated [CO2] and [O3], alone and in combination, on the structure and functioning of northern hardwood forest ecosystems?” From 1998 through the middle of the 2009 growing season, we examined the interacting effects of elevated CO2 and O3 on ecosystem processes in an aggrading northern forest ecosystem to compare the responses of early-successional, rapid-growing shade intolerant trembling aspen and paper birch to those of a late successional, slower growing shade tolerant sugar maple. Fumigations with elevated CO2 (560 ppm during daylight hours) and O3 (approximately 1.5 x ambient) were conducted during the growing season from 1998 to 2008, and in 2009 through harvest date. Response variables quantified during the experiment included growth, competitive interactions and stand dynamics, physiological processes, plant nutrient status and uptake, tissue biochemistry, litter quality and decomposition rates, hydrology, soil respiration, microbial community composition and respiration, VOC production, treatment-pest interactions, and treatment-phenology interactions. In 2009, we conducted a detailed harvest of the site. The harvest included detailed sampling of a subset of trees by component (leaves and buds, fine branches, coarse branches and stem, coarse roots, fine roots) and excavation of soil to a depth of 1 m. Throughout the experiment, aspen and birch photosynthesis increased with elevated CO2 and tended to decrease with elevated O3, compared to the control. In contrast to aspen and birch, maple photosynthesis was not enhanced by elevated CO2. Elevated O3 did not cause significant reductions in maximum photosynthesis in birch or maple. In addition, photosynthesis in ozone sensitive clones was affected to a much greater degree than that in ozone tolerant aspen clones. Treatment effects on photosynthesis contributed to CO2 stimulation of aboveground and belowground growth that was species and genotype dependent, with birch and aspen being most responsive and maple being least responsive. The positive effects of elevated CO2 on net primary productivity NPP were sustained through the end of the experiment, but negative effects of elevated O3 on NPP had dissipated during the final three years of treatments. The declining response to O3 over time resulted from the compensatory growth of O3-tolerant genotypes and species as the growth of O3-sensitive individuals declined over time. Cumulative NPP over the entire experiment was 39% greater under elevated CO2 and 10% lower under elevated O3. Enhanced NPP under elevated CO2 was sustained by greater root exploration of soil for growth-limiting N, as well as more rapid rates of litter decomposition and microbial N release during decay. Results from Aspen FACE clearly indicate that plants growing under elevated carbon dioxide, regardless of community type or ozone level, obtained significantly greater amounts of soil N. These results indicate that greater plant growth under elevated carbon dioxide has not led to “progressive N limitation”. If similar forests growing throughout northeastern North America respond in the same manner, then enhanced forest NPP under elevated CO2 may be sustained for a longer duration than previously thought, and the negative effect of elevated O3 may be diminished by compensatory growth of O3-tolerant plants as they begin to dominate forest communities. By the end of the experiment, elevated CO2 increased ecosystem C content by 11%, whereas

  6. Control of hardwood regeneration in restored carolina bay depression wetlands.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moser, Lee, J.; Barton, Christopher, D.; Blake, John, I.

    2012-06-01

    Carolina bays are depression wetlands located in the coastal plain region of the eastern United States. Disturbance of this wetland type has been widespread, and many sites contain one or more drainage ditches. Restoration of bays is of interest because they are important habitats for rare flora and fauna. Previous bay restoration projects have identified flood-tolerant woody competitors in the seedbank and re-sprouting as impediments to the establishment of desired herbaceous wetland vegetation communities. We restored 3 bays on the Savannah River Site, South Carolina, by plugging drainage ditches, harvesting residual pine/hardwood stands within the bays, and monitoring the vegetative response of the seedbank to the hydrologic change. We applied a foliar herbicide on one-half of each bay to control red maple (Acerrubrum), sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), and water oak (Quercus nigra) sprouting, and we tested its effectiveness across a hydrologic gradient in each bay. Hardwood regeneration was partially controlled by flooding in bays that exhibited long growing season hydroperiods. The findings also indicated that herbicide application was an effective means for managing hardwood regeneration and re-sprouting in areas where hydrologic control was ineffective. Herbicide use had no effect on species richness in the emerging vegetation community. In late-season drawdown periods, or in bays where hydroperiods are short, more than one herbicide application may be necessary.

  7. Reduction of dimension for nonlinear dynamical systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heather A. Harrington; Robert A. Van Gorder

    2015-08-24

    We consider reduction of dimension for nonlinear dynamical systems. We demonstrate that in some cases, one can reduce a nonlinear system of equations into a single equation for one of the state variables, and this can be useful for computing the solution when using a variety of analytical approaches. In the case where this reduction is possible, we employ differential elimination to obtain the reduced system. While analytical, the approach is algorithmic, and is implemented in symbolic software such as {\\sc MAPLE} or {\\sc SageMath}. In other cases, the reduction cannot be performed strictly in terms of differential operators, and one obtains integro-differential operators, which may still be useful. In either case, one can use the reduced equation to both approximate solutions for the state variables and perform chaos diagnostics more efficiently than could be done for the original higher-dimensional system, as well as to construct Lyapunov functions which help in the large-time study of the state variables. A number of chaotic and hyperchaotic dynamical systems are used as examples in order to motivate the approach.

  8. A computer code for calculations in the algebraic collective model of the atomic nucleus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. A. Welsh; D. J. Rowe

    2015-02-20

    A Maple code is presented for algebraic collective model (ACM) calculations. The ACM is an algebraic version of the Bohr model of the atomic nucleus, in which all required matrix elements are derived by exploiting the model's SU(1,1) x SO(5) dynamical group. This, in particular, obviates the use of coefficients of fractional parentage. This paper reviews the mathematical formulation of the ACM, and serves as a manual for the code. The code enables a wide range of model Hamiltonians to be analysed. This range includes essentially all Hamiltonians that are rational functions of the model's quadrupole moments $q_M$ and are at most quadratic in the corresponding conjugate momenta $\\pi_N$ ($-2\\le M,N\\le 2$). The code makes use of expressions for matrix elements derived elsewhere and newly derived matrix elements of the operators $[\\pi\\otimes q \\otimes\\pi]_0$ and $[\\pi\\otimes\\pi]_{LM}$. The code also provides ready access to SO(3)-reduced SO(5) Clebsch-Gordan coefficients through data files provided with the code.

  9. The Number of Same-Sex Marriages in a Perfectly Bisexual Population is Asymptotically Normal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ekhad, Shalosh B

    2011-01-01

    Why bother with fully rigorous proofs when one can very quickly get semi-rigorous ones? Yes, yes, we know how to get a "rigorous" proof of the result stated in the title of this article. One way is the boring, human one, citing some heavy guns of theorems that already exist in the literature. We also know how to get a fully rigorous proof automatically, using the methods in this http://www.math.rutgers.edu/~zeilberg/mamarim/mamarimhtml/georgy.htm neat article (but it would be a little more complicated, since the probability generating polynomial is not "closed form" but satisfies a second-order recurrence gotten from the Zeilberger algorithm), otherwise the same method would work, alas, it is not yet implemented. Instead, we chose to use the great Maple package http://www.math.rutgers.edu/~zeilberg/tokhniot/HISTABRUT">HISTABRUT(in fact, a very tiny part of it, procedure AlphaSeq), explained in this other http://www.math.rutgers.edu/~zeilberg/mamarim/mamarimhtml/histabrut.html">neat article, and get a semi-rig...

  10. Chemistry of Furan Conversion into Aromatics and Olefins over HZSM-5: A Model Biomass Conversion Reaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheng, Yu-Ting; Huber, George W.

    2011-06-03

    The conversion of furan (a model of cellulosic biomass) over HZSM-5 was investigated in a thermogravimetric analysis–mass spectrometry system, in situ Fourier transform infrared analysis, and in a continuous-flow fixed-bed reactor. Furan adsorbed as oligomers at room temperature with a 1.73 of adsorbed furan/Al ratio. These oligomers were polycyclic aromatic compounds that were converted to CO, CO?, aromatics, and olefins at temperatures from 400 to 600 °C. Aromatics (e.g., benzene, toluene, and naphthalene), oligomer isomers (e.g., benzofuran, 2,2-methylenebisfuran, and benzodioxane), and heavy oxygenates (C??{sub +} oligomers) were identified as intermediates formed inside HZSM-5 at different reaction temperatures. During furan conversion, graphite-type coke formed on the catalyst surface, which caused the aromatics and olefins formation to deactivate within the first 30 min of time on-stream. We have measured the effects of space velocity and temperature for furan conversion to help us understand the chemistry of biomass conversion inside zeolite catalysts. The major products for furan conversion included CO, CO?, allene, C?–C? olefins, benzene, toluene, styrene, benzofuran, indene, and naphthalene. The aromatics (benzene and toluene) and olefins (ethylene and propylene) selectivity decreased with increasing space velocity. Unsaturated hydrocarbons such as allene, cyclopentadiene, and aromatics selectivity increased with increasing space velocity. The product distribution was selective to olefins and CO at high temperatures (650 °C) but was selective to aromatics (benzene and toluene) at intermediate temperatures (450–600 °C). At low temperatures (450 °C), benzofuran and coke contributed 60% of the carbon selectivity. Several different reactions were occurring for furan conversion over zeolites. Some important reactions that we have identified in this study include Diels–Alder condensation (e.g., two furans form benzofuran and water), decarbonylation (e.g., furan forms CO and allene), oligomerization (allene forms olefins and aromatics plus hydrogen), and alkylation (e.g., furan plus olefins). The product distribution was far from thermodynamic equilibrium.

  11. Wildlife Inventory, Craig Mountain, Idaho.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cassirer, E. Frances

    1995-06-01

    Wildlife distribution/abundance were studied at this location during 1993 and 1994 to establish the baseline as part of the wildlife mitigation agreement for construction of Dworshak reservoir. Inventory efforts were designed to (1) document distribution/abundance of 4 target species: pileated woodpecker, yellow warbler, black-capped chickadee, and river otter, (2) determine distribution/abundance of rare animals, and (3) determine presence and relative abundance of all other species except deer and elk. 201 wildlife species were observed during the survey period; most were residents or used the area seasonally for breeding or wintering. New distribution or breeding records were established for at least 6 species. Pileated woodpeckers were found at 35% of 134 survey points in upland forests; estimated densities were 0-0.08 birds/ha, averaging 0.02 birds/ha. Yellow warblers were found in riparian areas and shrubby draws below 3500 ft elev., and were most abundant in white alder plant communities (ave. est. densities 0.2-2. 1 birds/ha). Black-capped chickadees were found in riparian and mixed tall shrub vegetation at all elevations (ave. est. densities 0-0.7 birds/ha). River otters and suitable otter denning and foraging habitat were observed along the Snake and Salmon rivers. 15 special status animals (threatened, endangered, sensitive, state species of special concern) were observed at Craig Mt: 3 amphibians, 1 reptile, 8 birds, 3 mammals. Another 5 special status species potentially occur (not documented). Ecosystem-based wildlife management issues are identified. A monitoring plant is presented for assessing effects of mitigation activities.

  12. Modifying woody plants for efficient conversion to liquid and gaseous fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dinus, R.J.; Dimmel, D.R.; Feirer, R.P.; Johnson, M.A.; Malcolm, E.W. )

    1990-07-01

    The Short Rotation Woody Crop Program (SRWCP), Department of Energy, is developing woody plant species as sources of renewable energy. Much progress has been made in identifying useful species, and testing site adaptability, stand densities, coppicing abilities, rotation lengths, and harvesting systems. Conventional plant breeding and intensive cultural practices have been used to increase above-ground biomass yields. Given these and foreseeable accomplishments, program leaders are now shifting attention to prospects for altering biomass physical and chemical characteristics, and to ways for improving the efficiency with which biomass can be converted to gaseous and liquid fuels. This report provides a review and synthesis of literature concerning the quantity and quality of such characteristics and constituents, and opportunities for manipulating them via conventional selection and breeding and/or molecular biology. Species now used by SRWCP are emphasized, with supporting information drawn from others as needed. Little information was found on silver maple (Acer saccharinum), but general comparisons (Isenberg 1981) suggest composition and behavior similar to those of the other species. Where possible, conclusions concerning means for and feasibility of manipulation are given, along with expected impacts on conversion efficiency. Information is also provided on relationships to other traits, genotype X environment interactions, and potential trade-offs or limitations. Biomass productivity per se is not addressed, except in terms of effects that may by caused by changes in constituent quality and/or quantity. Such effects are noted to the extent they are known or can be estimated. Likely impacts of changes, however effected, on suitability or other uses, e.g., pulp and paper manufacture, are notes. 311 refs., 4 figs., 9 tabs.

  13. Dual Layer Monolith ATR of Pyrolysis Oil for Distributed Synthesis Gas Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lawal, Adeniyi

    2012-09-29

    We have successfully demonstrated a novel reactor technology, based on BASF dual layer monolith catalyst, for miniaturizing the autothermal reforming of pyrolysis oil to syngas, the second and most critical of the three steps for thermochemically converting biomass waste to liquid transportation fuel. The technology was applied to aged as well as fresh samples of pyrolysis oil derived from five different biomass feedstocks, namely switch-grass, sawdust, hardwood/softwood, golden rod and maple. Optimization of process conditions in conjunction with innovative reactor system design enabled the minimization of carbon deposit and control of the H2/CO ratio of the product gas. A comprehensive techno-economic analysis of the integrated process using in part, experimental data from the project, indicates (1) net energy recovery of 49% accounting for all losses and external energy input, (2) weight of diesel oil produced as a percent of the biomass to be ~14%, and (3) for a �demonstration� size biomass to Fischer-Tropsch liquid plant of ~ 2000 daily barrels of diesel, the price of the diesel produced is ~$3.30 per gallon, ex. tax. However, the extension of catalyst life is critical to the realization of the projected economics. Catalyst deactivation was observed and the modes of deactivation, both reversible and irreversible were identified. An effective catalyst regeneration strategy was successfully demonstrated for reversible catalyst deactivation while a catalyst preservation strategy was proposed for preventing irreversible catalyst deactivation. Future work should therefore be focused on extending the catalyst life, and a successful demonstration of an extended (> 500 on-stream hours) catalyst life would affirm the commercial viability of the process.

  14. Overcoming the Recalcitrance of Cellulosic Biomass by Value Prior to Pulping: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-07-221

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lowell, A.

    2012-04-01

    The Value Prior to Pulping (VPP) project goal was to demonstrate the technical and commercial feasibility of introducing a new value stream into existing pulp and paper mills. Essentially the intent was to transfer the energy content of extracted hemicellulose from electricity and steam generated in the recovery boiler to a liquid transportation fuel. The hemicellulose fraction was extracted prior to pulping, fractionated, or conditioned if necessary, and fermented to ethanol. Commercial adaptation of the process to wood hemicelluloses was a prerequisite for using this less currently valued component available from biomass and wood. These hemicelluloses are predominately glucurono-xylan in hardwoods and galactoglucomannan in softwoods (with a significant softwood component of an arabino-xylan) and will yield fermentation substrates different from cellulose. NREL provided its expertise in the area of fermentation host evaluation using its Zymomonas strains on the CleanTech Partner's (CTP) VPP project. The project was focused on the production of fuel ethanol and acetic acid from hemicellulose streams generated from wood chips of industrially important hardwood and softwood species. NREL was one of four partners whose ethanologen was tested on the hydrolyzed extracts. The use of commercially available enzymes to treat oligomeric sugar extracts was also investigated and coupled with fermentation. Fermentations by NREL were conducted with the Zymomonas mobilis organism with most of the work being performed with the 8b strain. The wood extracts hydrolyzed and/or fermented by NREL were those derived from maple, mixed southern hardwoods, and loblolly pine. An unhydrolyzed variant of the mixed southern hardwood extract possessed a large concentration of oligomeric sugars and enzymatic hydrolysis was performed with a number of enzymes, followed by fermentation. The fermentation of the wood extracts was carried out at bench scale in flasks or small bioreactors, with a maximum volume of 500 mL.

  15. Application of 2D-Nonlinear Shallow Water Model of Tsunami by using Adomian Decomposition Method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waewcharoen, Sribudh; Boonyapibanwong, Supachai; Koonprasert, Sanoe [Department of Mathematics, King Mongkut's University of Technology, North Bangkok (Thailand)

    2008-09-01

    One of the most important questions in tsunami modeling is the estimation of tsunami run-up heights at different points along a coastline. Methods for numerical simulation of tsunami wave propagation in deep and shallow seas are well developed and have been widely used by many scientists (2001-2008). In this paper, we consider a two-dimensional nonlinear shallow water model of tsunami given by Tivon Jacobson is work [1]. u{sub t}+uu{sub x}+{nu}u{sub y} -c{sup 2}(h{sub x}+(h{sub b}){sub x}) {nu}{sub t}+u{nu}{sub x}+{nu}{nu}{sub y} = -c{sup 2}(h{sub y}+(h{sub b}){sub y}) h{sub t}+(hu){sub x}+(h{nu}){sub y} = 0 g-shore, h is surface elevation and s, t is time, u is velocity of cross-shore, {nu} is velocity of along-shore, h is surface elevation and h{sub b} is function of shore. This is a nondimensionalized model with the gravity g and constant reference depth H factored into c = {radical}(gH). We apply the Adomian Decompostion Method (ADM) to solve the tsunami model. This powerful method has been used to obtain explicit and numerical solutions of three types of diffusion-convection-reaction (DECR) equations. The ADM results for the tsunami model yield analytical solutions in terms of a rapidly convergent infinite power series. Symbolic computation, numerical results and graphs of solutions are obtained by Maple program.

  16. Interactive Supercomputing’s Star-P Platform

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edelman, Alan; Husbands, Parry; Leibman, Steve

    2006-09-19

    The thesis of this extended abstract is simple. High productivity comes from high level infrastructures. To measure this, we introduce a methodology that goes beyond the tradition of timing software in serial and tuned parallel modes. We perform a classroom productivity study involving 29 students who have written a homework exercise in a low level language (MPI message passing) and a high level language (Star-P with MATLAB client). Our conclusions indicate what perhaps should be of little surprise: (1) the high level language is always far easier on the students than the low level language. (2) The early versions of the high level language perform inadequately compared to the tuned low level language, but later versions substantially catch up. Asymptotically, the analogy must hold that message passing is to high level language parallel programming as assembler is to high level environments such as MATLAB, Mathematica, Maple, or even Python. We follow the Kepner method that correctly realizes that traditional speedup numbers without some discussion of the human cost of reaching these numbers can fail to reflect the true human productivity cost of high performance computing. Traditional data compares low level message passing with serial computation. With the benefit of a high level language system in place, in our case Star-P running with MATLAB client, and with the benefit of a large data pool: 29 students, each running the same code ten times on three evolutions of the same platform, we can methodically demonstrate the productivity gains. To date we are not aware of any high level system as extensive and interoperable as Star-P, nor are we aware of an experiment of this kind performed with this volume of data.

  17. HYBRID SULFUR ELECTROLYZER DEVELOPMENT, NHI WORK PACKAGE N-SR07TC0301, FY07 FIRST QUARTER REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Summers, W

    2006-12-20

    The proof of concept of SO2 electrolysis for the hybrid sulfur (HyS) process is the second priority research target of the DOE Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative's thermochemical program for FY07. The proof of concept of the liquid-phase option must be demonstrated at the single cell level for an extended run times (>100 hours). The rate of development of HyS will depend on the identification of a promising membrane or an alternative means for controlling sulfur formation. Once successful long-duration operation has been demonstrated, SRNL will develop a multi-cell stack that can be connected to the H2SO4 decomposer being developed by SNL for the S-I ILS for a Hybrid Sulfur Integrated Laboratory-Scale Experiment during FY 2008. During the first quarter of FY07, SRNL continued the component development and membrane development activities with the goal of identifying and characterizing improved electrodes, electrocatalysts, membranes and MEA configurations which could then be tested at larger scale in the SDE test facility. A modified glass cell was fabricated to allow measurements of sulfur dioxide (SO2) transport across membrane samples at elevated temperatures (up to 70 C). This testing also includes evaluating SO2 transport in different sulfuric acid concentrations (30-70 wt%). A new potentiostat/frequency analyzer was installed for determining ionic conductivity of membranes. This instrument enhances our capabilities to characterize membrane, electrocatalyst and MEA properties and performance. Continuing work from FY06, evaluations were preformed on various commercial and experimental membranes and electrocatalyst materials for the SDE. Several different types of commercially-available membranes were analyzed for sulfur dioxide transport as a function of acid strength including perfluorinated sulfonic acid (PFSA), sulfonated polyetherketone-ketone, and poly-benzimidazole (PBI) membranes. Experimental membranes from the sulfonated diels-alder polyphenylenes (SDAPP) and modified Nafion{reg_sign} 117 were evaluated for SO{sub 2} transport as well. These membranes exhibited reduced transport coefficient for SO{sub 2} transport without the loss in ionic conductivity.

  18. Coeur d'Alene Tribe Fisheries Program : Implementation of Fisheries Enhancement Opportunities on the Coeur d’Alene Reservation : 2007 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Firehammer, Jon A.; Vitale, Angelo J.; Hallock, Stephanie A.

    2009-09-08

    Historically, the Coeur d'Alene Indian Tribe depended on runs of anadromous salmon and steelhead along the Spokane River and Hangman Creek, as well as resident and adfluvial forms of trout and char in Coeur d'Alene Lake, for survival. Dams constructed in the early 1900s on the Spokane River in the City of Spokane and at Little Falls (further downstream) were the first dams that initially cut-off the anadromous fish runs from the Coeur d'Alene Tribe. These fisheries were further removed following the construction of Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams on the Columbia River. Together, these actions forced the Tribe to rely solely on the resident fish resources of Coeur d'Alene Lake for their subsistence needs. The Coeur d'Alene Tribe is estimated to have historically harvested around 42,000 westslope cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi) per year (Scholz et al. 1985). In 1967, Mallet (1969) reported that 3,329 cutthroat trout were harvested from the St. Joe River, and a catch of 887 was reported from Coeur d'Alene Lake. This catch is far less than the 42,000 fish per year the tribe harvested historically. Today, only limited opportunities exist to harvest cutthroat trout in the Coeur d'Alene Basin. It appears that a suite of factors have contributed to the decline of cutthroat trout stocks within Coeur d'Alene Lake and its tributaries (Mallet 1969; Scholz et al. 1985; Lillengreen et al. 1993). These factors included the construction of Post Falls Dam in 1906, major changes in land cover types, impacts from agricultural activities, and introduction of exotic fish species. The decline in native cutthroat trout populations in the Coeur d'Alene basin has been a primary focus of study by the Coeur d'Alene Tribe's Fisheries and Water Resources programs since 1990. The overarching goals for recovery have been to restore the cutthroat trout populations to levels that allow for subsistence harvest, maintain genetic diversity, and increase the probability of persistence in the face of anthropogenic influences and prospective climate change. This included recovering the lacustrine-adfluvial life history form that was historically prevalent and had served to provide both resilience and resistance to the structure of cutthroat trout populations in the Coeur d'Alene basin. To this end, the Coeur d'Alene Tribe closed Lake Creek and Benewah Creek to fishing in 1993 to initiate recovery of westslope cutthroat trout to historical levels. However, achieving sustainable cutthroat trout populations also required addressing biotic factors and habitat features in the basin that were limiting recovery. Early in the 1990s, BPA-funded surveys and inventories identified limiting factors in Tribal watersheds that would need to be remedied to restore westslope cutthroat trout populations. The limiting factors included: low-quality, low-complexity mainstem stream habitat and riparian zones; high stream temperatures in mainstem habitats; negative interactions with nonnative brook trout in tributaries; and potential survival bottlenecks in Coeur d'Alene Lake. In 1994, the Northwest Power Planning Council adopted the recommendations set forth by the Coeur d'Alene Tribe to improve the Reservation fishery (NWPPC Program Measures 10.8B.20). These recommended actions included: (1) Implement habitat restoration and enhancement measures in Alder, Benewah, Evans, and Lake Creeks; (2) Purchase critical watershed areas for protection of fisheries habitat; (3) Conduct an educational/outreach program for the general public within the Coeur d'Alene Reservation to facilitate a 'holistic' watershed protection process; (4) Develop an interim fishery for tribal and non-tribal members of the reservation through construction, operation and maintenance of five trout ponds; (5) Design, construct, operate and maintain a trout production facility; and (6) Implement a monitoring program to evaluate the effectiveness of the hatchery and habitat improvement projects. These activities provide partial mitigation for the extirpation of anadromous fish resources from usual and

  19. A Novel Slurry-Based Biomass Reforming Process Final Technical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sean C. Emerson; Timothy D. Davis; A. Peles; Ying She; Joshua Sheffel; Rhonda R. Willigan; Thomas H. Vanderspurt; Tianli Zhu

    2011-09-30

    This project was focused on developing a catalytic means of producing H2 from raw, ground biomass, such as fast growing poplar trees, willow trees, or switch grass. The use of a renewable, biomass feedstock with minimal processing can enable a carbon neutral means of producing H2 in that the carbon dioxide produced from the process can be used in the environment to produce additional biomass. For economically viable production of H2, the biomass is hydrolyzed and then reformed without any additional purification steps. Any unreacted biomass and other byproduct streams are burned to provide process energy. Thus, the development of a catalyst that can operate in the demanding corrosive environment and presence of potential poisons is vital to this approach. The concept for this project is shown in Figure 1. The initial feed is assumed to be a >5 wt% slurry of ground wood in dilute base, such as potassium carbonate (K2CO3). Base hydrolysis and reforming of the wood is carried out at high but sub-critical pressures and temperatures in the presence of a solid catalyst. A Pd alloy membrane allows the continuous removal of pure , while the retentate, including methane is used as fuel in the plant. The project showed that it is possible to economically produce H2 from woody biomass in a carbon neutral manner. Technoeconomic analyses using HYSYS and the DOE's H2A tool [1] were used to design a 2000 ton day-1 (dry basis) biomass to hydrogen plant with an efficiency of 46% to 56%, depending on the mode of operation and economic assumptions, exceeding the DOE 2012 target of 43%. The cost of producing the hydrogen from such a plant would be in the range of $1/kg H2 to $2/kg H2. By using raw biomass as a feedstock, the cost of producing hydrogen at large biomass consumption rates is more cost effective than steam reforming of hydrocarbons or biomass gasification and can achieve the overall cost goals of the DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Program. The complete conversion of wood to hydrogen, methane, and carbon dioxide was repeatedly demonstrated in batch reactors varying in size from 50 mL to 7.6 L. The different wood sources (e.g., swamp maple, poplar, and commercial wood flour) were converted in the presence of a heterogeneous catalyst and base at relatively low temperatures (e.g., 310 �������°C) at sub-critical pressures sufficient to maintain the liquid phase. Both precious metal and base metal catalysts were found to be active for the liquid phase hydrolysis and reforming of wood. Pt-based catalysts, particularly Pt-Re, were shown to be more selective toward breaking C-C bonds, resulting in a higher selectivity to hydrogen versus methane. Ni-based catalysts were found to prefer breaking C-O bonds, favoring the production of methane. The project showed that increasing the concentration of base (base to wood ratio) in the presence of Raney Ni catalysts resulted in greater selectivity toward hydrogen but at the expense of increasing the production of undesirable organic acids from the wood, lowering the amount of wood converted to gas. It was shown that by modifying Ni-based catalysts with dopants, it was possible to reduce the base concentration while maintaining the selectivity toward hydrogen and increasing wood conversion to gas versus organic acids. The final stage of the project was the construction and testing of a demonstration unit for H2 production. This continuous flow demonstration unit consisted of wood slurry and potassium carbonate feed pump systems, two reactors for hydrolysis and reforming, and a gas-liquid separation system. The technical challenges associated with unreacted wood fines and Raney Ni catalyst retention limited the demonstration unit to using a fixed bed Raney Ni catalyst form. The lower activity of the larger particle Raney Ni in turn limited the residence time and thus the wood mass flow feed rate to 50 g min-1 for a 1 wt% wood slurry. The project demonstrated continuous H2 yields with unmodified, fixed bed Raney Ni, from 63% to 100% with correspond