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1

Maple Syrup  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and thawing and the sap travels up and down in trees, is Maple Sugar Time. What sorghum-making from cane is to the southern states in the fall, the making of maple syrup and...

2

Maple Syrup and Maple Sugar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Syrup and Maple Sugar Syrup and Maple Sugar Nature Bulletin No. 419-A May 15, 1971 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation MAPLE SYRUP AND MAPLE SUGAR When we old-timers were youngsters, a favorite breakfast in winter -- one that stuck to our ribs -- featured buckwheat pancakes or "flapjacks" with plenty of butter and maple syrup. Our great- grandfathers who settled here in the Middle West soon learned from the Indians how to tap sugar maple trees in early spring and, from the sap, make syrup and sugar. For the Indians inhabiting New England and the country on both sides of the Great Lakes, maple syrup and maple sugar were very important foods. Upper Michigan and adjacent Canada were occupied mostly by the Chippewa or Ojibway when visited in the 1760's by two explorers who lived among them and wrote accounts of how these "Canoe People" obtained and used the sugar and syrup so essential to them.

3

Maple Sap Flow  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

I know a little about this topic even though I am from Illinois which is far from the heart of maple syrup country. Sap flows from a maple tree by internal pressure caused by the...

4

Hemlock Semiconductor Corp HSC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hemlock Semiconductor Corp HSC Hemlock Semiconductor Corp HSC Jump to: navigation, search Name Hemlock Semiconductor Corp (HSC) Place Hemlock, Michigan Zip 48626 Sector Solar Product US-based manufacturer polycrystalline silicon for semiconductor and solar industries. Coordinates 39.589497°, -82.153275° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.589497,"lon":-82.153275,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

5

Hemlock, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hemlock, Michigan: Energy Resources Hemlock, Michigan: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 43.4147488°, -84.2305398° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.4147488,"lon":-84.2305398,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

6

NREL: Energy Analysis - Ben Maples  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ben.maples@nrel.gov Areas of expertise Levelized cost of energy (LCOE) analysis Wind turbine and plant component costs Assessing wind turbine performance Primary research...

7

Teaching and Doing Mathematics with Maple 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 11, 2008 ... The Maple worksheets and support materials used in the course can be downloaded. The files MAPLE06.zip contains a zip archive of all the...

8

maple2e.sty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The "Export to LaTeX" facility of the Maple worksheet does not use any % of the ..... type size and font - The order of these commands %%% may be important.

9

Other Members of the Maple Clan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

found together in the north woods: the Striped Maple, which has green bark with white stripes, and the Mountain Maple. They are valuable as browse for deer and moose, and the buds...

10

Teaching and Doing Mathematics with Maple 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Maple worksheets and support materials used in the course can be downloaded. The files MAPLE06.zip contains a zip archive of all the files that you can...

11

POLY : A new polynomial data structure for Maple - CECM - Simon ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We estimate that Maple takes over 200 clock cycles for each monomial .... In our new Maple, the cost of frontend and indets are now negligible since they no...

12

Generic Linear Algebra and Quotient Rings in Maple - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fields in Maple, we have designed a simple to use facility that permits the. Maple user to define a field, Euclidean domain, integral domain or ring so that our...

13

A Graph Theory Package for Maple - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

{jfarr,mahdad,skhodada,mmonagan}@cecm.sfu.ca. Abstract. We present a new graph theory package for Maple. The package is presently intended for teaching ...

14

MAPLE Notes for MACM 442 / MATH 800 / CMPT 881 ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The simplest data structure in Maple is a list. ... To count the number of entries in a list use nops(L) command. ..... Subscripted Names and String Utilities.

15

POLY : A new polynomial data structure for Maple 17 ? - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We estimate that Maple takes more than 200 clock cycles to ... the sum-of- products structure, so the cost of ancillary operations like com- puting the degree or...

16

Alder Mutual Light Co, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alder Mutual Light Co, Inc Alder Mutual Light Co, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Alder Mutual Light Co, Inc Place Washington Utility Id 287 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Commercial Residential Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.0640/kWh Commercial: $0.0661/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Alder_Mutual_Light_Co,_Inc&oldid=408960"

17

This is a list of the files used for the Maple course. You can point ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E.g. use http://www.cecm.sfu.ca/events/MAPLE06/BASIC/Circle.mws Or you can download them all in MAPLE06.zip library archive and unpack them. Michael...

18

A new polynomial data structure for Maple 17 with parallel ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Threads try to acquire global heap as buffer fills up to balance load. Michael Monagan. POLY .... Profile for factor(p1); for 1 core. Maple 16. New Maple.

19

Matrix Agro Pvt Ltd MAPL | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Matrix Agro Pvt Ltd MAPL Matrix Agro Pvt Ltd MAPL Jump to: navigation, search Name Matrix Agro Pvt. Ltd. (MAPL) Place Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Zip 500034 Sector Biomass Product Hyderabad-based biomass project developer. Coordinates 17.6726°, 77.5971° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":17.6726,"lon":77.5971,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

20

POLY : A new polynomial data structure for Maple - CECM - Simon ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

They fill the simpl table and slow down Maple's garbage collector. 5. Provided no ... So the POLY dag representation can accommodate polynomials in 8 variables up to total degree 127. We chose the .... In order to do this they pick apart each...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemlock alder maple" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

POLY : A new polynomial data structure for Maple 17 - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

They fill the simpl table and slow down Maple's garbage collector. 5. Provided no .... In order to do this they pick appart each ... terms, up to 90% of the time is spent converting the POLY dag for the product to the sum-of-products dag, and...

22

Maple Grove Hot Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maple Grove Hot Springs Geothermal Area Maple Grove Hot Springs Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Maple Grove Hot Springs Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (0) 10 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.3083,"lon":-111.7068,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

23

MHK Projects/White Alder Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alder Project Alder Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.2165,"lon":-91.1593,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

24

Maple Ridge 1a Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Farm Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Maple Ridge 1a Wind Farm Facility Maple Ridge 1a Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner PPM Energy/Horizon Wind Energy Developer PPM Energy/Horizon Wind Energy Energy Purchaser NYSERDA/Market Location Lewis County NY Coordinates 43.775565°, -75.584614° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.775565,"lon":-75.584614,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

25

Maple Ridge Wind Farm (2005 portion) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(2005 portion) (2005 portion) Jump to: navigation, search Name Maple Ridge Wind Farm (2005 portion) Facility Maple Ridge Wind Farm (2005 portion) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner 'PPM Energy/Horizon Wind Energy Developer 'PPM Energy/Horizon Wind Energy Energy Purchaser NYSERDA/Market Location Lewis County NY Coordinates 43.775565°, -75.584614° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.775565,"lon":-75.584614,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

26

Maple Ridge Wind Farm phase II | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

phase II phase II Jump to: navigation, search Name Maple Ridge Wind Farm phase II Facility Maple Ridge Wind Farm phase II Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Horizon/PPM Energy Developer 'PPM Energy/Horizon Wind Energy Energy Purchaser NYSERDA/Market Location Lewis County NY Coordinates 43.775565°, -75.584614° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.775565,"lon":-75.584614,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

27

Maple Ridge Wind Farm (2006 portion) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

portion) portion) Jump to: navigation, search Name Maple Ridge Wind Farm (2006 portion) Facility Maple Ridge Wind Farm (2006 portion) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner 'PPM Energy/Horizon Wind Energy Developer PPM Energy/Horizon Wind Energy Energy Purchaser NYSERDA/Market Location Lewis County NY Coordinates 43.775565°, -75.584614° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.775565,"lon":-75.584614,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

28

Stem Densities of Trees from Overstocked Mixed Conifer Stands of Western Hemlock, Douglas-fir and Western Redcedar.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents results from a stem density (wood and bark combined) study conducted on trees from overstocked mixed conifer stands of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla) and western redcedar (Thuja plicata) located on the Quilcene Ranger District, Olympic National Forest in the State of Washington. Information on the density of stem wood that is available in literature generally have been derived from trees growing in stands of normal stocking levels. Stem densities, an essential parameter in the determination of stem biomass, have not been investigated for trees growing in overstocked conditions. Predictive estimators of density based on data derived from studies of normally stocked stands can not be applied to trees growing in an overstocked condition with any reliability. There is need to specifically examine stem densities in trees grown under these adverse conditions. 3 refs., 3 tabs.

Pong, W.Y.; Waddell, Dale R.; Biomass and Energy Project (Portland, Or.)

1985-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

29

RIR-MAPLE deposition of conjugated polymers and hybrid nanocomposites for application to optoelectronic devices  

SciTech Connect

Resonant infrared matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation (RIR-MAPLE) is a variation of pulsed laser deposition that is useful for organic-based thin films because it reduces material degradation by selective absorption of infrared radiation in the host matrix. A unique emulsion-based RIR-MAPLE approach has been developed that reduces substrate exposure to solvents and provides controlled and repeatable organic thin film deposition. In order to establish emulsion-based RIR-MAPLE as a preferred deposition technique for conjugated polymer or hybrid nanocomposite optoelectronic devices, studies have been conducted to demonstrate the value added by the approach in comparison to traditional solution-based deposition techniques, and this work will be reviewed. The control of hybrid nanocomposite thin film deposition, and the photoconductivity in such materials deposited using emulsion-based RIR-MAPLE, will also be reviewed. The overall result of these studies is the demonstration of emulsion-based RIR-MAPLE as a viable option for the fabrication of conjugated polymer and hybrid nanocomposite optoelectronic devices that could yield improved device performance.

Stiff-Roberts, Adrienne D.; Pate, Ryan; McCormick, Ryan; Lantz, Kevin R. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Duke University Box 90291, Durham, NC 27708-0291, 919-660-5560 (United States)

2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

30

Microsoft Word - CX-RockyReach-MapleValley_Bridge_FY12_WEB.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

KEPR-4 KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Richard Ross Project Manager - TELF-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Rocky Reach-Maple Valley #1 Temporary Bridge Installation (116/4-117/1) PP&A Project No.: 2203 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance. Location: The project area is confined to the existing access road located to the south of the right-of-way corridor of Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Rocky Reach-Maple Valley 345-kV transmission line between miles 116-117. The proposed project, located in King County, Washington, is within BPA's Covington District. Proposed by: BPA Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to construct a temporary bridge over

31

The Maples  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is their fruit, consisting of a pair of seeds joined together and each with a long papery wing, which grow in clusters. Botanists call such a fruit a "samara" but they are commonly...

32

Maple GOT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the usage of high-level, integrated software tools that can effectively assist in performing the ...... potential energy models in computational physics and chemistry.

33

Microsoft Word - CX-Rocky Reach-Maple Valley No1_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3, 2010 3, 2010 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Darin Bowman Project Manager - TELF-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Rocky Reach-Maple Valley No. 1 mile 47 bridge replacement project Budget Information: Work Order # 219783 PP&A Project No.: 955 Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3, Routine maintenance activities for structures, rights-of-way, and infrastructures such as roads that are required to maintain infrastructures in a condition suitable for a facility to be used for its designed purpose. Location: BPA, in coordination with the Cle Elum Ranger District of the Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, is proposing to construct a bridge across Cold Creek. The proposed project is

34

A convergent intermolecular Diels-Alder approach to the spirocycles found in the marine neurotoxic agents, the gymnodimines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several approaches to the spirochetes found in the marine neurotoxic agents, the gymnodimines, were studied. The strategy involved intermolecular Dials-Alder reactions of ?-exomethylene lactones and lactams. A convergent racemic synthesis of the spirocyclic core structure of the gymnodimines was achieved in 7 linear steps and 16.4% overall yield from diethyl malonate. The key step in the synthesis was a Lewis-acid promoted intermolecular Dials-Alder reaction of an N-tosyl ?-methylene []-lactam and a dienyne. The large scale synthesis of the dienophile (>30 g quantities available) was achieved in 5 steps from diethyl malonate in 30% overall yield and the synthesis of the diene (>20 g available) was achieved in 4 steps from propane in 38% overall yield. Large scale synthesis of the Diets-Alder adduct (4.5 g) has been achieved in 67% yield from the dienophile and diene precursors. Single crystal x-ray analysis of the Diels-Alder adduct confirmed that the radiochemistry and diastereoselectivity required for the gymnodimines was obtained.

Cohn, Stephen Todd

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Combustion characteristics of red alder sawdust. Technical Progress Report No. 3  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Significant quantities of wood resdiue fuels are presently being used in industrial steam generating facilities. Recent studies indicate that substantial additional quantities of wood residue fuels are available for energy generation in the form of steam and/or electricity. A limited data base on the combustion characteristics of wood residue fuels has resulted in the installation and operation of inefficient combustion systems for these fuels. This investigation of the combustion characteristics of wood residue fuels was undertaken to provide a data base which could be used to optimize the combustion of such fuels. Optimization of the combustion process in industrial boilers serves to improve combustion efficiency and to reduce air pollutant emissions generated in the combustion process. Data are presented on the combustion characteristics of red alder sawdust.

Junge, D.C.

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Vanadium redox flow battery efficiency and durability studies of sulfonated Diels Alder poly(phenylene)s  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sulfonated Diels Alder poly(phenylene) (SDAPP) was examined for vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) use. The ion exchange capacity (IEC) was varied from 1.4, 1.6 and 2.0 meq/g in order to tune the proton conductivity and vanadium permeability. Coulombic efficiencies between 92 to 99% were observed, depending on IEC (lower IEC, higher coulombic efficiencies). In all cases the SDAPP displayed comparable energy efficiencies (88 - 90%) to Nafion 117 (88%) at 50mA/cm2. Membrane durability also was dependent on IEC; SDAPP with the highest IEC lasted slightly over 50 cycles while SDAPP with the lowest IEC lasted over 400 cycles and testing was discontinued only due to time constraints. Accelerated vanadium lifetime studies were initialed with SDAPP, by soaking films in a 0.1 M V5+ and 5.0 M total SO4-2 solution. The rate of degradation was also proportional with IEC; the 2 meq/g sample dissolved within 376 hours, the 1.6 meq/g sample dissolved after 860 hours, while the 1.4 meq/g sample broke apart after 1527 hours.

Fujimoto, Cy H.; Kim, Soowhan; Stains, Ronald; Wei, Xiaoliang; Li, Liyu; Yang, Zhenguo

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Acer glabrum mountain maple  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Fruit a winged samara · Twigs red #12;Amelanchier alnifolia serviceberry · Leaves simple, alternate opposite, simple · Old stems red · Flowers in terminal clusters · Strong arcuate venation #12;Jamesia;Rhus trilobata skunkbush · Trifoliate leaves, each leaflet three lobed · Fruit red · Low shrub · Strong

38

Maple 7 session - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5" }}} {EXCHG {PARA 0 "" 0 "" {TEXT -1 85 "Note: to use the old numerical cod e just input the same thing but without method=dna:" }}}{EXCHG {PARA 0 "> " 0...

39

Maple Worksheet - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

}{TEXT -1 44 " then L is a number field. .... 345 "qua siInverse := proc(m,u,z)\\ nlocal r0,r1,t0,t1,mu,q,g,beta;\

40

NOTE / NOTE Eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) regeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Betula papyrifera, and Quercus rubra were sampled at Harvard Forest in Petersham, MA (42¢54° N, 72¢18° W

Preisser, Evan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemlock alder maple" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Deposition of H15NO3 vapour to white oak, red maple and loblolly pine foliage: experimental observations and a generalized model  

SciTech Connect

Nitric acid vapour enriched with {sup 15}N (H{sup 15}NO{sub 3}) was volatilized into the cuvette of an open-flow gas exchange system containing red maple (Acer rubrum L.), white oak (Quercus alba L.), or loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) seedling shoots to facilitate direct measurements of total foliar deposition, and subsequent assessments of the rate of HNO{sub 3} movement across the cuticle (transcuticular uptake). Total H{sup 15}NO{sub 3} vapour deposition to foliar surfaces ranged from <5 to 27 nmol m{sup -2} s{sup -1} the variability being largely accounted for by differences in HNO{sub 3} concentrations and leaf conductance. Mean whole-leaf conductance to HNO{sub 3} ranged between 0.9 and 3.4 mm s{sup -1} for hardwoods and between 6 and 34 mm s{sup -1} for loblolly pine. Of the total H{sup 15}NO{sub 3} vapour deposited to leaves, an average of 39 to 48% was immediately 'bound' into hardwood foliage whereas only 3% was bound to loblolly pine needles. This implies that rain events might extract greater amounts of HNO{sub 3}-derived nitrate in throughfall from conifer canopies as compared to hardwood canopies. Post-exposure H{sup 15}NO{sub 3} uptake rates across the leaf cuticle increased with surface nitrate concentrations, but were 1 to 2 orders of magnitude lower (O06 to 0.24 nmol m{sup -2} s{sup -1}) than total HNO{sub 3}, deposition during exposures. A generalized leaf-level model of HNO{sub 3} deposition to foliage capable of simulating deposition pathways to sorption sites on the leaf surface, and to the metabolically active leaf interior via transcuticular or stomatal pathways is formulated and suggested for use in planning future work on HNO{sub 3} deposition.

Hanson, Paul J [ORNL; Garten Jr, Charles T [ORNL

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

MapleNotes.mws - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To create a list of values enclo se them in square brackets [, ]. ...... 0 {PARA 3 "" 0 " " {TEXT -1 38 "Subscripted Names and String Utilities" }}{EXCHG {PARA 0 "" 0...

43

MapleNotes.mws - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

}}}{EXCHG {PARA 0 "> " 0 "" {MPLTEXT 1 0 28 "alias( beta=RootOf(x^2+1) ) ... etic calculations in the field, for example to calculate " }{XPPEDIT 18 0 "1/gamma; "...

44

Getting Started with Maple - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JWxDF-$\\"3k\\"z+/#)*z'f(F@7$$!3 =LLL$fFd^#F-$\\"32up(*G) 4/3)F@7$$!3[XXX0+@aCF-$\\"3'*o

45

MapleNotes.mws - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JWxDF-7$F\\\\` l$\\"1LLL$fFd^#F-7$Fa`l$\\"1XXX0+@aCF-7$Ff`l$\\" ;1&[[[gJ4R#F-7$F[al$\\"1::: bf>NBF-7$F`al$\\"...

46

Maple 9 worksheet - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

... improved)" }}{EXCHG {PARA 0 "> " 0 "" {MPLTEXT 1 0 101 "rel := zip(`=`, [a,q], subs(a=(kappa+4)/4,q=mu/8,kappa= -mu+2*kappa,kappa = kappa/2,mu=mu/2,...

47

MapleNet Publisher's Guide - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such, it can be viewed with a zip program such as WinZip 7.0.) 3. Run the PublishJar (publishjar, UNIX) script to publish the contents of the JAR file on the server.

48

Avian response to removal of a forest dominant: consequences of hemlock woolly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Harvard Forest, Petersham, MA, USA, and 2 Department of Natural Resources Conservation, University, Petersham, MA 01366, USA. E-mail: orwig@fas.harvard.edu Journal of Biogeography, 29, 1505­1516 ? 2002

Tingley, Morgan W.

49

Maple Heights, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1.565956° 1.565956° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.4153313,"lon":-81.565956,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

50

Telescoping in the context of symbolic summation in Maple - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apr 27, 2004 ... Symbolic summation is a vast research area in computer algebra. ...... hypergeometric terms, and 51 others used for accurate summation.

51

Maple Grove, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Minnesota: Energy Resources Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 45.0724642°, -93.4557877° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.0724642,"lon":-93.4557877,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

52

Maple Bluff, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bluff, Wisconsin: Energy Resources Bluff, Wisconsin: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 43.1183282°, -89.3795628° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.1183282,"lon":-89.3795628,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

53

Maple Heights-Lake Desire, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heights-Lake Desire, Washington: Energy Resources Heights-Lake Desire, Washington: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 47.4521975°, -122.0984885° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.4521975,"lon":-122.0984885,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

54

Maple Valley, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Washington: Energy Resources Washington: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 47.3733483°, -122.0369239° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.3733483,"lon":-122.0369239,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

55

Maple Park, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

075282°, -88.5992494° 075282°, -88.5992494° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.9075282,"lon":-88.5992494,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

56

POLY : A new polynomial data structure for Maple 17 ? - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our results are summarized in Table 2 which reports the speedup for kernel operations on ..... We report two timings for Trip: the (RS) time is for the optimized re-.

57

New Options to Visualize Systems of Differential Equations in Maple ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the default of [green, red]. To find the RGB color value of each grid point, ..... These may be changed by the user. Clicking on the refresh button replots the system.

58

On the Design and Performance of the Maple System - Computer ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a powerful set of facilities for symbolic mathematical computation, portability, and a .... and an external user interface are diff, expand, taylor, type, and coal f (for...

59

MapleNotes.mw - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

... over the field of rational numbers and compute 10 digit numerical approximations ..... ( beta=RootOf(x^2+1) ); NiQlJmFscGhhRyUlYmV0YUc= a := x ^4+x^3+x+2;...

60

MapleNotes.mw - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This second example is for an extension field where the base field F = NiMmJSJaRzYjIiIk . alias( beta=RootOf(x^2+1) ); NiQlJmFscGhhRyUlYmV0YUc= a...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemlock alder maple" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Maple 2D and 3D graphics primitives. - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

}}}{EXCHG {PARA 0 "" 0 "" {TEXT -1 171 "Examples of graphics prim itives for points, lines, and polygons in 2 and 3 dimensions.\

62

What's new in Maple: Release 9.5 - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

... curve=a*x^2+b*x+c); LeastSquaresPlot([1,2,2,3,3,3], [1,1,2,1,2,3], [2.5,3.3,3.4 ... learning multivariate calculus ( R n to R ) with(Student[MultivariateCalculus]);...

63

Maple Glen, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0.1792754°, -75.1804521° 0.1792754°, -75.1804521° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.1792754,"lon":-75.1804521,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

64

Maple Plain, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plain, Minnesota: Energy Resources Plain, Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 45.0071851°, -93.6557945° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.0071851,"lon":-93.6557945,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

65

Maple Ridge, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9231141°, -81.0509278° 9231141°, -81.0509278° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.9231141,"lon":-81.0509278,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

66

Combustion characteristics of Douglas Fir planer shavings. Technical progress report No. 4, September 16, 1977--September 15, 1978  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Significant quantities of wood residue fuels are presently being used in industrial steam generating facilities. Recent studies indicate that substantial additional quantities of wood residue fuels are available for energy generation in the form of steam and/or electricity. A limited data base on the combustion characteristics of wood residue fuels has resulted in the installation and operation of inefficient combustion systems for these fuels. This investigation of the combustion characteristics of wood residue fuels was undertaken to provide a data base which could be used to optimize the combustion of such fuels. Optimization of the the combustion process in industrial boilers serves to improve combustion efficiency and to reduce air pollutant emissions generated in the combustion process. This report presents data on the combustion characteristics of Douglas Fir planer shavings. The data were obtained in a pilot scale combustion test facility at Oregon State Univerisity. Other technical reports present data on the combustion characteristics of: Douglas Fir bark, Red Alder sawdust, Red Alder bark, Ponderosa pine bark, Hemlock bark, and Eastern White Pine bark. An executive summary report is also available which compares the combustion characteristics of the various fuel species.

Junge, D.C.

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

"Buscando un Camino" -Potenciales y Limitaciones en el Fortalecimiento de Innovaciones Locales del Pueblo Kampu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mojave Desert Cultural and Historical Association, 14044 Hemlock Street, Trona, California 93562 3 Bureau

Richner, Heinz

68

A New Strategy for Analyzing the Chronometry of Constructed Rock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mojave Desert Cultural and Historical Association, 14044 Hemlock Street, Trona, California 93562 3 Bureau

Dorn, Ron

69

A Graph Theory Package for Maple, Part II - CECM - Simon Fraser ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

angles and choose the orientation which maximizes the area of the convex hull ... Opteron running at 2.2 GHz. 33. 32. 46. 41. 4534. 47. 31. 42. 50. 35. 52. 51. 48.

70

Microsoft Word - CX-RockyReach-MapleValley_accessroad_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Darin Bowman Project Manager - TELF-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Access road repair including reconstructing, grading, and shaping of roads, placing and compacting of rock surfacing, installation of gates, installation and maintenance of erosion control and water drainage features, and restoration of disturbed areas. Budget Information: Work Order # 00263533 PP&A Project No.: 1977 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities... for...rights-of-way, infrastructures (e.g. roads)...routine maintenance activities, corrective...are required to maintain and preserve infrastructures...in a condition

71

Nov. 6, 2001. DNA routines for Maple 7 Contents: 1) Instructions for ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

... Janeiro - UERJ - Brazil. *********************************************************** ********** 1) Instructions for Windows users 1) unzip dna.zip into any directory !

72

Probing Substituent Effects in Aryl-Aryl Interactions Using Stereoselective Diels-Alder Cycloadditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In contrast to gas-phase computations, dispersion effects do not appear to play a significant role experimental results and gas-phase computations is the role of dispersion interactions. Sherrill and co the properties of aromatic interactions in organic solvents," and the predicted importance of dispersion in gas

Müller, Peter

73

Biomimetic total synthesis of forbesione and desoxymorellin utilizing a tandem Claisen/DielsAlder/Claisen rearrangement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research Campaign Biomolecular Structure Unit, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey SM2 SNG, V

Theodorakis, Emmanuel

74

POST-DISPERSAL SUGAR MAPLE (ACER SACCHARUM) SEED PREDATION BY SCIURIDS AND OTHER SMALL MAMMALS IN A NORTHERN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biomass (sum of the weights of eastern chipmunks and red squirrels and one grey squirrel) against. The proportion of seeds eaten increased with sciurid biomass (r2 = 0.445, p = 0.070). ............... 26 Figure 3. A plot of eastern chipmunk biomass against the proportion of seeds eaten across eight mixed deciduous

Notre Dame, University of

75

Lesson 2: Variables, Assignment and Equations Maple has extensive graphics capabilities. Here's a graph of a function.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an extensive help system. To get help on a particular command, you can enter a question mark followed by the name of the command: #12;?int Or you can use the Table of Contents, or Topic Search or Text Search from over 500 billion terms. It's very unlikely that your computer has a memory big enough to store that

Israel, Robert

76

GenericLA.ps - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In contrast,. Maple's facilities for linear algebra in its LinearAlgebra package only ... fields in Maple, we have designed a simple to use facility that permits the.

77

Wind River Watershed Project; Volume III of III Report H, 1998 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to assess fish passage at Trout Creek's Hemlock Dam and prescribe options for restoring fish passage.

Wieman, Kenneth

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

We are very pleased that you have chosen to live at Maple Bank and we hope that you settle in quickly and enjoy your stay.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is provided in accordance with the Chartered Institute of Building Service Engineers (CIBSE) recommendations

Birmingham, University of

79

We are very pleased that you have chosen to live at Maple Bank and we hope that you settle in quickly and enjoy your stay.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with the Chartered Institute of Building Service Engineers (CIBSE) recommendations. If you have any queries regarding

Birmingham, University of

80

Nickel-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura reactions of unactivated halides with alkyl boranes and planar-chiral borabenzene catalysts for Diels-Alder reactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Part I describes the expansion in scope of a nickel-catalyzed coupling reaction of unactivated alkyl bromides and alkyl boranes to include unactivated alkyl chlorides. The new method is adapted for use outside of a glove ...

Lu, Zhe

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemlock alder maple" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Fire Regimes of the Southern Appalachian Mountains: Temporal and Spatial Variability and Implications for Vegetation Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ecologists continue to debate the role of fire in forests of the southern Appalachian Mountains. How does climate influence fire in these humid, temperate forests? Did fire regimes change during the transition from Native American settlement to Euro-American settlement? Are fire regime changes resulting in broad vegetation changes in the forests of eastern North America? I used several approaches to address these questions. First, I used digitized fire perimeter maps from Great Smoky Mountains National Park and Shenandoah National Park for 1930-2009 to characterize spatial and temporal patterns of wildfire by aspect, elevation, and landform. Results demonstrate that fuel moisture is a primary control, with fire occurring most frequently during dry years, in dry regions, and at dry topographic positions. Climate also modifies topographic control, with weaker topographic patterns under drier conditions. Second, I used dendroecological methods to reconstruct historical fire frequency in yellow pine (Pinus, subgenus Diploxylon Koehne) stands at three field sites in the southern Appalachian Mountains. The fire history reconstructions extend from 1700 to 2009, with composite fire return intervals ranging from 2-4 years prior to the fire protection period. The two longest reconstructions record frequent fire during periods of Native American land use. Except for the recent fire protection period, temporal changes in land use did not have a significant impact on fire frequency and there was little discernible influence of climate on past fire occurrence. Third, I sampled vegetation composition in four different stand types along a topographic moisture gradient, including mesic cove, sub-mesic white pine (Pinus strobus L.) hardwood, sub-xeric oak (Quercus L.), and xeric pine forests in an unlogged watershed with a reconstructed fire history. Stand age structures demonstrate changes in establishment following fire exclusion in xeric pine stands, sub-xeric oak stands, and sub-mesic white pine-hardwood stands. Fire-tolerant yellow pines and oaks are being replaced by shade-tolerant, fire sensitive species such as red maple (Acer rubrum L.) and hemlock (Tsuga canadensis L. Carr.). Classification analysis and ordination of species composition in different age classes suggest a trend of successional convergence in the absence of fire with a shift from four to two forest communities.

Flatley, William 1977-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Method for Calculating Carbon Sequestration by Trees in Urban and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Ash, mountain, American ,Sorbus americana Ash, white, Fraxinus americana HF H S HF H M HF H M HM H M HF H S Maple, Norway, Acer platanoides Maple, red, Acer rubrum

83

The DNA project - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Software-package files: dna6.zip (for Maple 6), dna7.zip (for Maple 7). Contents: DNA routines, Release 1.04 ( last updated Nov/06/2001 ). Changes over...

84

Rif - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 24, 2002 ... Download: The latest package in Maple library format (with a help database) is available in zip format for Release 5: rif_R5_113.zip, for Maple...

85

Charcoal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charcoal Charcoal Nature Bulletin No. 310 June 9, 1984 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation CHARCOAL The use of charcoal is as old as the written history of mankind. There are many folk tales about the queer lonely men who lived in the forests, cutting wood and converting it into charcoal. In Europe it is still an important fuel for such purposes, for heating homes and, in some countries, for special motors on small automobiles. As late as our Civil War, gunpowder was made from a mixture of saltpeter, charcoal and sulfur -- the charcoal being specifically prepared from the wood of such trees as willow, alder and soft maple. Until 1337, when the hotblast process was discovered, using coke made from coal, charcoal was the only fuel that could be used in the smelting of iron ore. Charcoal burning was an important industry and the "colliers" who supervised the process were respected as craftsmen. Iron making flourished in early New England but by 1750, Pennsylvania, with its wealth of iron ore, limestone, water power and hardwood timber for charcoal. took the lead and became the richest of the thirteen colonies. It supplied most of the pig iron for the armies of General Washington, and rusting cannonballs are still to be found at the remains of some of those old charcoal-fired furnaces. In those days the woodlands of Pennsylvania were always covered with the thin blue haze of smoke from burning charcoal "pits" and the colliers' huts.

86

Colorado State University Cooperative Extension. 9/92.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, pink to red Tatarian maple rounded winged seeds in summer, yellow fall color, tolerant of alkaline or large shrub, gray bark, Rocky Mountain maple oval yellow fall color, bright red winter buds. Acer grandidentatum 25 15 Broad, m L Survives in dry sites once established; orange- Wasatch maple spreading -red fall

87

Service/Product Provider  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

816 Maple St. 738 E. Gull Lake Dr. Three Rivers, MI 49093 Augusta, MI 49012 Business: Steam, air & hot water systems Business: Pharmaceutical manufacturing Tom Henry, Director of...

88

A Modular Algorithm for Computing the Characteristic ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Modular Algorithm for Computing the Characteristic Polynomial of an Integer Matrix in Maple. Simon Lo and Michael Monagan. ?. Department of Mathematics ...

89

A Modular Resultant Algorithm for Number Fields - CECM - Simon ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a modular algorithm for e ciently computing. the Sylvester resultant of ... in Maple using a new data structure which is designed to. support modular...

90

A procedure for finding the k-th power of a matrix  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give a new procedure in Maple for finding the k-th power of a martix. The algorithm is based on the article [1].

Branko Malesevic; Ivana Jovovic

2007-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

91

Long-Term Surveillance Plan for the Site A/Plot M Sites, Palos...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

pronounced slopes. Poorly drained areas, stream side communities, and flood plains may support forests dominated by silver maple, elm, and cottonwood (Golchert and Kolzow 1997)....

92

Drill Press Speed Chart  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

operating speeds (RPM) Accessory Softwood (Pine) Hardwood (Hard Maple) Acrylic Brass Aluminum Steel Shop Notes Twist drill bits 116" - 316" 14" - 38" 716"- 58" 11...

93

Problems3.mws - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The SmithForm command does elementary row and colu mn operations on the ..... (open in Standard Maple) shows is an example of a linear algebra computer...

94

MOCAA M^3 Workshop 2008 Talk Abstracts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

... there is a high overhead when converting to Maple's "SUM of PRODs" data ... in line with LinBox's goal of full genericity without any sacrifice on performance.

95

On the Genericity of the Modular Polynomial GCD Algorithm* - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

overhead of the Maple interpreter from the picture by timing. GCDs over Z=(p) instead of ..... common divisors of polyno-. mials given by straight-line programs.

96

Illinois a La Liette  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

boat. Afterwards you find virgin forests on both sides, consisting of tender walnuts, ash, whitewood (linden), cottonwood, a few maples, and grass, taller in places than a man....

97

PostScript - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sixth-order contributions to the energy which were computed with. Maple. ...... order as in alternative applications of perturbation theory. Because the matrix.

98

Solving Systems of Algebraic Equations, - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

current complexity of expressions for many types of equations is computed as .... redoing these calculations, we make use of Maple's remember facility. Briefly...

99

Numerical Techniques - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have performed many computations of this type. ... in (4), could be performed by utilizing the multiple precision facility in the Maple or Mathematica packages.

100

Annotation - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have performed many computations of this type. ... in (4), could be performed by utilizing the multiple precision facility in the Maple or Mathematica packages.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemlock alder maple" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Future Potential of Hybrid and Diesel Powertrains in the U.S...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Energy John Maples, Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy Peter Feather, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, U.S. Department of...

102

2000 TMS Dinner and Awards Presentations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Robert E. Murray is president, chief executive officer, and owner of the Ohio Valley Coal Company, Maple Creek Mining, Inc., Energy Resources, Inc., American...

103

Saving Soils in the Forest Preserves  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of those old fields have been reforested with mixtures of native hardwoods including ash, elm, maples, poplars, black walnut and oaks. Typical examples, now grown to...

104

Climate and Transportation Solutions: Findings from the 2009 Asilomar Conference on Transportation and Energy Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 2 Climate and Transportation Solutions Chapter 3:Gas Emissions in the Transportation Sector by John Conti,Chase, and John Maples Transportation is the single largest

Sperling, Daniel; Cannon, James S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

gcd.html - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 17, 1999 ... A modification of the Collins/Brown modular gcd algorithm has been programmed and made available (Maple V.5 format library: gcd.zip) here...

106

Alexa van der Waall, Research associate and project manager at ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The algorithms for determining algebraic Lame equations as mentioned in my thesis were implemented in Maple 7. You can download them as algLame.zip.

107

arXiv.org - The physics archives (8/91)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

theory Paul Ginsparg (Cornell): high-energy theory Daniel Gottesman (Perimeter): quantum physics (chair) Dong Lai (Cornell): astrophysics Brian Maple (UCSD):...

108

Current Awards | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Gamma and Fast Neutron Spectrometer Maple, M. Brian UC - San Diego Novel d- and f- Electron Materials Under Extreme Conditions of Pressure, Temperature and Magnetic Field...

109

Computer Algebra Systems - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This volume uses several computer algebra systems to ``activate" the papers, but principally relies on Maple. There are several reasons for this, but the main...

110

Computer Algebra Group at SFU - Meetings, Colloquia - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An n-dimensional representation for the Dirac delta "function". Edgardo S. Cheb- Terrab. Waterloo Maple Inc Theoretical Physics Department, UERJ - Brazil

111

About the Course - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TEACHING & DOING. MATHEMATICS. IN MAPLE 10. With Michael Monagan. Monday to Friday. August 14 th. ? 18 th. , 2006. 8:30am ? 5:00pm. DEPARTMENT...

112

Computational - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 3, 2005 ... Visualizing system of differential equations in Maple (P & D). Al Erickson ... Simon Lo Computing characteristic polynomials over 2 (P &. D).

113

Offshore Wind Plant Balance-of-Station Cost Drivers and Sensitivities...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sensitivities OFFSHORE WIND PLANT BALANCE-OF-STATION COST DRIVERS AND SENSITIVITIES OFFSHORE WIND PLANT BALANCE-OF-STATION COST DRIVERS AND SENSITIVITIES G. Saur, B. Maples, B....

114

New detector array improves neutron count capability at HFIR...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Ron Maples. Bio-SANS, the Biological Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Instrument at HFIR recently had a detector upgrade that will provide significantly improved performance...

115

Introduction to Gauss D. Gruntz and M. Monagan - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Gauss package offers Maple users a new approach to programming based on the idea of param- eterized ...... One must be careful when using this facility.

116

JOM Table of Contents: September 1997  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rhenium '97: Landmarks, State of the Art, and Outlook [pp. 14-15] Boris D. Bryskin. Tutorial: Investigating Diffusion Using MAPLE, Part II: Thermochemical...

117

Peru - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet; World Oil Transit Chokepoints; ... economic growth, and the ... Shale gas has not been previously developed in Peru and Maple Energy is ...

118

P164.ps - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 19, 2001 ... matically increased processor power, almost limitless storage ... to see a line in a proof that begins \\by a large calculation in Maple we see ...".

119

Table 5_EntityEmissions.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mitsubishi Motors North America, Manuf. Inc. Municipal Electric Auth of Georgia (MEAG Power) Mystic Development, LLC National Grid Mallinckrodt, Inc. Maple Springs Laundry...

120

OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 170 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, 220­222 Alder/ferns ratio, vs. age, B:223, 225­226 Aleutian Low, teleconnections, B:371­372 alkalinity

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemlock alder maple" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Enantioselective [4 + 2] cycloadditions of iminoacetonitriles : application to the total synthesis of (-)-quinolizidine 2071  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Iminoacetonitriles participate as reactive dienophiles in intramolecular Diels-Alder cycloadditions affording quinolizidines and indolizidines. The resulting a-amino nitrile cycloadducts are versatile intermediates that ...

Fontaine, Shaun D. (Shaun David)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Can Lagrangian Extrapolation of Radar Fields Be Used for Precipitation Nowcasting over Complex Alpine Orography?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, a Lagrangian radar echo extrapolation scheme (MAPLE) was tested for use in very short-term forecasting of precipitation over a complex orographic region. The high-resolution forecasts from MAPLE for lead times of 5 min5 h are ...

Pradeep V. Mandapaka; Urs Germann; Luca Panziera; Alessandro Hering

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Direct-Write of Sensor Devices by a Laser Forward Transfer Technique , D.W. Weira  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Direct-Write of Sensor Devices by a Laser Forward Transfer Technique A. Piquéa* , D.W. Weira , P direct-write or MAPLE DW is compatible with a broad class of materials ranging from metals and electronic as multilayers or discrete structures on a single substrate. The MAPLE DW process is computer controlled which

Arnold, Craig B.

124

Occasional Papers in Sociology and Anthropology - Volume 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of its climate. Forests between an altitude of about 2.600 m and the limit for trees at about 5000 m, consists mainly conifers (fir, spruce, blue pinel with some hardwood (oak and hemlock). 'The forest of the Hills lying between 300 m and 2,600 m varies...

Central Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

A Modular Algorithm for Computing the Characteristic ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Let A be an n ? n matrix of integers. In this paper we present details of our Maple im- plementation of a modular method for computing the characteristic ...

126

Energy and Financial Markets Overview: Crude Oil Price Formation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

John Maples John Maples 2011 EIA Energy Conference April 26, 2011 Transportation and the Environment Light-duty vehicle combined Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards (CAFE) in three cases, 2005-2035 2 0 20 40 60 80 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 miles per gallon Source: EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2011 CAFE6 CAFE3 Reference John Maples, April 26, 2011 Light-duty vehicle delivered energy consumption and total transportation carbon dioxide emissions, 2005-2035 3 0 5 10 15 20 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 Reference CAFE3 CAFE6 quadrillion Btu 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 million metric tons carbon dioxide equivalent Source: EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2011 John Maples, April 26, 2011 Distribution of new light-duty vehicle sales by price, 2010 and 2025 (2009$) 4 Source: EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2011

127

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release Reference Case  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Choice Modeling and Vehicle Choice Modeling and Projections for the Annual Energy Outlook John Maples Office of Energy Analysis, Energy Efficiency and End Use January 25, 2013 | Detroit, MI Outline John Maples, Vehicle Choice Models and Markets Detroit, MI, January 25, 2013 2 * Overview of model structure and inputs * Battery electric vehicles and current state of the market * Projections of battery electric vehicles in the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 * High Battery Technology case in the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Overview of model structure and inputs 3 John Maples, Vehicle Choice Models and Markets Detroit, MI, January 25, 2013 Light duty vehicle technology market penetration John Maples, Vehicle Choice Models and Markets Detroit, MI, January 25, 2013 4 * Technologies affecting light-duty vehicle fuel economy are

128

The Ashes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

forest trees. Only eight other kinds, principally the oaks, maples, sweet gum, yellow poplar and birch, furnish greater amounts of hardwoods used by the lumber industry. Of 50 or...

129

Goldfish  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

stopped at Maple Lake in the Palos forest preserves and an elderly lady carried a small fish bowl down to the water's edge where she emptied it, explaining that she was leaving...

130

Matrix-assisted pulsed laser thin film deposition by using Nd: YAG laser  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Matrix-Assisted Pulsed Laser Evaporation (MAPLE) is a deposition technique, developed from Pulsed Laser Deposition (PLD) especially well suited for producing organic/polymeric thin films, which can take advantage from using Nd:YAG laser. Depending on ...

Francesco Bloisi; Mario Barra; Antonio Cassinese; Luciano Rosario Maria Vicari

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

eigenplot.mws - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

So I've left a Maple cod e here that one could play with." }}{PARA 0 "" 0 "" {TEXT - 1 0 "" }}} {EXCHG {PARA 0 "" 0 "" {TEXT -1 17 "A vector x is an " }{TEXT 256 12...

132

Assignment 4 - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Note, one way to clean up your Groebner basis G is to use Maple and compute and return Groebner[Basis](G,M) where M is the monomial ordering e.g. plex(x,y ...

133

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-124): Supplemental Analysis for the Transmission...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

are discussed below. Planning Steps: 1. Identify facility and the vegetation management need. Work will take place along a portion of the Echo Lake - Maple Valley 1 500 kV...

134

Stormwater Management for UMore Park Molly McClung  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

research in sustainability7 . These principles include: Zero Carbon, Zero Waste, Sustainable Transport drainage network. The primary vegetation was Bur Oak Savanna with areas of prairie grass and maple

Amin, S. Massoud

135

Panel Review: "Illness, Deformity, and Shock Re-Reading Disability"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Sylvia Plaths The Bell Jar, Maple built upon the workreading of Plaths The Bell Jar (1963) suggested the extentthe course of The Bell Jar, the central character Esthers

Davis, Vivian

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

The Intersection of Feminism and Disability Theory in Sylvia Plaths The Bell Jar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Linda W. Plaths The Bell Jar as Female Bildungsroman. in Sylvia Plaths The Bell Jar Jeni Maple One effect of thePlaths 1963 novel The Bell Jar is not typically read from

Maple, Jeni

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Worksheets and Export to Latex ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

If Maple does't have that facility, the author will write the entire supporting text in .... enough to remember to type * when you mean multiplication and not have to...

138

150MILEMEALS BREAKFAST AT MISSION PARK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Maplebrook Farm Feta (Bennington, VT) Featuring Misty Knoll Farms Chicken (New Haven, VT) Peace Valley Farm, Applesauce, and Cider (Williamstown) Sidehill Farm Plain and Maple-Flavored Low-Fat Yogurt (Ashfield, MA

Aalberts, Daniel P.

139

Mathematics for Chemistry with Symbolic Computation - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

... as mentioned above. Download Mathematics for Chemistry with Symbolic Computation version 4.0, February 12th, 2013, for Maple 16 as a 6.7 MB zip file.

140

Cyclotomic Solver Directory - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sys225.txt Maple code for a 225 by 225 system with fifth roots of unity. SampleRun.txt Example of how to run the code on the above systems. VahidsSystems.zip...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemlock alder maple" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

COIIF-840 4137--1 TRITIUM BREEDING MATERIALS D E 8 4 010521  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Lab Oak Ridge TN HIFR Reactor 1990-99 Atomic Energy of Canada Toronto, Ca MAPLE & CANDU Currently For the CANDU Flow Blockage Accident", Nuclear Technology, V169 (2010). 101. A.Diab, M.L.Corradini, "Transient

Abdou, Mohamed

142

2415Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society FLUXNET: A New Tool to Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) -656 1998 -739 1999 Petersham, MA Acer, Quercus -280 1991 S. Wofsy Wofsy et al. (1993) -220 1992 Maple deciduous forests, located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Petersham, Massachusetts; and Denmark. FIG. 4. Annual

Goldstein, Allen

143

POLY - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Threads try to acquire global heap as buffer fills up to balance load. Michael Monagan .... Profile for factor(p1); Real time from 2.63s to 1.11s real. Maple 16.

144

Black Peak and Enchantments - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Black Peak, North Cascades. A nice two day outing. We hiked on the Maple Pass trail, from Hwy. 20, to Heather Pass, and then on a path to Lewis lake, where...

145

Differences between Western US Markets for Renewables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

63 MW owned Salt River Project Dry Lake II 65.1 MW owned Salt River Project South Chestnut 48 MW organizations Casselman 34.5 MW owned FirstEnergy Solutions Rugby 149.1 MW owned Missouri River Energy ServicesEd Maple Ridge II 45.4 MW owned (91 MW project) NY Power Authority, SNHU, NStar Maple Ridge 115.5 MW owned

146

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION DDDDDDDDDDDDDD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FRANCHISE TAX GOETHE-MAYHEW MATHER RESERVER INTL AMERICAN RIVER WHITE ROCK-AEROJET TELEDYNE NIMBUS ALDER ROCKLIN TAYLOR FOOTHILL PLACER HORSESHOE HERZOG TWIN CITIES-SNODGRASS PARKWAY POWER INN CRYSTAL CREAMERY

147

Sugar Bush  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sugar Bush Sugar Bush Nature Bulletin No. 220-A Msrch 5, 1966 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation SUGAR BUSH About this time of year in our northern states, when a cold clear night is followed by a warm sunny day, you know that spring is just around the corner and that, as they say in New England, "Sap's a-startin"'. Then you see squirrels in the maple trees, nibbling at little icicles of sap from broken twigs or wounds in the bark. For the farmer who owns a "sugar bush" -- a grove of sugar maple trees -- this means perhaps a month of hard tedious work for himself and his family and his hired help: tapping the trees, collecting the sap, and "boiling it down" into maple sugar and maple syrup. There will also be at least one "sugaring-off" party, at night, with hot buttered soda biscuits dunked in thin hot maple syrup, and maple candy pulled into taffy by the young folks.

148

Microsoft Word - TR11-29.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Parkersburg, WV Parkersburg, WV November 2010 Page 1 2010 Annual Inspection for the Parkersburg, West Virginia, Nuclear Waste Policy Act Section 151(c) Disposal Site Summary The Parkersburg, West Virginia, Site was inspected on October 21, 2010 to confirm the integrity of visible features and to determine the need, if any, for maintenance, additional inspections, or monitoring. Results of the inspection conclude that the disposal cell is in excellent condition. No evidence of erosion or slope instability on the disposal cell was noted during the inspection. More attention needs to be given to vegetation control at the site. The mow and spray program has failed to control poison hemlock in a few areas. More attention needs to be given to these trouble areas in the upcoming year to address the poison hemlock.

149

Idaho Panhandle National Forests  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Forests. The RNA features vegetation on dry cliffs that are embedded in mid-elevation moist western hemlock/western redcedar/grand fir forests. Immediately below the cliffs is riparian habitat that supports many wetland species, including a disjunct west coast moss, Ulota megalospora, whose first known occurrence in Idaho is in this RNA. This establishment report documents the boundaries of the RNA, the objectives for the RNA, its features, description of

United States; Forest Service; Priest River; Experimental Forest; Dennis E. Ferguson; Arthur C. Zack Ferguson; Dennis E. Zack

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

CX-002438: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

438: Categorical Exclusion Determination 438: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002438: Categorical Exclusion Determination Rocky Reach-Maple Valley Number-1 Transmission Line Bridge Replacement Project CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 05/03/2010 Location(s): Kittitas County, Washington Office(s): Bonneville Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has a need to construct a bridge across Cold Creek. Although a bridge once stood at this location, currently the only access to mile 47 of BPA?s Rocky Reach-Maple Valley Number- 1 transmission line is through an existing ford. Cold Creek provides habitat for Middle Columbia River Basin bull trout, a listed threatened species. As a result, future access to mile 47 of the Rocky Reach-Maple Valley transmission line may be greatly restricted or eliminated. Abandoning the

151

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-125): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 2/18/03  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 (Echo Lake-Maple Valley #1 [Mile 1-9], Adno 8258) 5 (Echo Lake-Maple Valley #1 [Mile 1-9], Adno 8258) Don Atkinson - TFN/SNOHOMISH Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management for portion of the Echo Lake - Maple Valley #1 500 kV transmission line located from tower structure 1/1 to 9/2. Location: Project location is entirely within King county, Washington and is within the Snohomish Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to clear targeted vegetation within the Right-of- Ways along access roads and around towers that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission lines. See Section 1.4 of the attached checklists for a complete description of the proposed action. Analysis: Please see the attached checklist for the resources present. Applicable findings and

152

CX-008597: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

97: Categorical Exclusion Determination 97: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008597: Categorical Exclusion Determination Alder Stream Wind Project Feasibility Project CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1 Date: 07/03/2012 Location(s): Maine Offices(s): Golden Field Office The Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing to provide federal funding to the Penobscot Indian Nation Enterprises (Penobscot) for preconstruction and feasibility activities for the Alder Stream Wind Project on the Penobscot Indian Reservation in Franklin County (Alder Stream, Chain of Ponds, and Tim Ponds Townships) near Eustis, Maine. This proposed project would include information gathering, data analysis, modeling, mapping, cultural and wildlife surveys, and reporting. CX-008597.pdf More Documents & Publications EA-1888: Final Environmental Assessment

153

ChangeinImportanceValue BlackCherry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-30.0 -20.0 -10.0 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 ChangeinImportanceValue 1987-2004 BlackCherry YellowPoplar Red&Black measurement periods. -30.0 -20.0 -10.0 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 ChangeinImportanceValue 1987-2004 BlackCherry YellowPoplar Red&BlackOak WhiteOak OtherOak SugarMaple RedMaple WhiteAsh Miscellaneous Species Group Aspect Code 1

154

BIOLOGY DEPARTMENT BIOL-30200 Junior Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Eastern Chipmunk" 5:30 Fozia Khan (Peter Melcher) "A sweet study: Does tapping Acer saccharum for maple Following Myocardial Interaction in the Guinea Pig" 4:15 Ashley Hong (Andrew Smith) "A Histological Approach (Susan Swensen) "Phylogenetic Reconstruction of Genus Gurania Based on rps16-trnQ Chloroplast Intergenic

155

The CENTRE for EDUCATION in MATHEMATICS and COMPUTING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Izmir 10 HO KA FAI CNEC Lau Wing Sang S.S. Chai Wan 10 KAM TSZ YAN Diocesan Girls' School Kowloon 10 KIM Canada Maple Int'l School Incheon 10 PALANDUZ EMRE American Collegiate Institute Izmir 10 PAMUK BUKET SURA Izmir Ozel Turk Koleji Izmir 10 PAMUK TAHA Izmir Ozel Turk Koleji Izmir 10 SHEN CHANG Shanghai

Le Roy, Robert J.

156

Ris National Laboratory DTU Optics and Plasma Research Department  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Risø National Laboratory DTU Postprint Optics and Plasma Research Department 2007 Paper: www (MAPLE) K Rodrigo1,2, J Schou1#, B Toftmann1 and R Pedrys2 1 Department of Optics and Plasma Research Department of Optics and Plasma Research, Risø National Laboratory, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark 2 Institute

157

Programming Languages in Economics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Young economists sometimes ask which computer programming languages they should learn. This paper answers that question by suggesting that they begin with a high level language like GAUSS, GAMS, Mathematica, Maple or MATLAB depending on their field ... Keywords: computational economics, computer languages, programming languages, software

David A. Kendrick; Hans M. Amman

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

ORIGINAL PAPER Comparisons of arthropod assemblages on an invasive and native  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tallow tree (Triadica sebifera) and three native tree species: silver maple (Acer saccharinum), sycamore and abundance of arthropods on tallow tree were similar to the natives. But, ordination (NMS) showed community composition differed on tallow tree compared to all three native trees. It supported an arthropod community

Siemann, Evan

159

The South Campus Precinct is comprised of those portions of Main Campus south of the Cascadilla Creek. It includes the service and administrative areas of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and adjacent Central Combined Heat and Power Plant, additional service-related areas along Maple Avenue and accommodate growth, South Campus is anticipated to evolve significantly over the coming decades. The best PLANT SCHOELLKOPF MEMORIAL HALL PINETREEROAD DRYDEN ROAD ROUTE 366 ONEIDAPLACE FAIRMOUNTAVENUE ELM W OOD

Wang, Z. Jane

160

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION Pacific Northwest National Laboraotry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.maples@pnl.gov Biological Sciences and Computational Sciences Facilities March 2010 PNNL-SA-63550 LEADING THE WAY IN SUSTAINABLE DESIGN AND OPERATIONS The Biological Sciences and Computational Sciences Facilities on the PNNL development, and indoor environmental quality. In addition, PNNL utilizes numerous LEED Accredited

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemlock alder maple" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Plenary lecture 4: black holes nonholonomic thermodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Lecture presents the geometry and the interaction of nonholonomic black hole systems using a specialized MAPLE soft for computing. Our point of view is strongly connected to the possibility of describing a nonholonomic black hole system via a Gibbs-Pfaff ...

Constantin Udriste

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Solving of non-stationary heat transfer in a plane plate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present software application destined for study of heat transfer problems that is a part of education of subject Process engineering taught at the Tomas Bata University in Zlin. The application we use as a teaching aid for calculation ... Keywords: maple, non-stationary heat transfer, software application, temperature field

Dagmar Jan?ov; Hana Charvtov; Karel Kolomaznk; Vladimr Vaek; Pavel Mokrej

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Common and Scientific Names Table D1 Common and scientific names as referred to in document.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Green-winged teal Anas crecca Horned lark Eremophila alpestris Lazuli bunting Passerina amoena Lewis tenebrosus Red-legged frog Rana aurora Western toad Bufo boreas COMMON SCIENTIFIC MAMMALS American beaver Red alder Alnus rubra Russian olive Elaeagnus angustifolia Sitka spruce Picea sitchensis Subalpine fir

164

Resilience of Alaska's boreal forest to climatic F.S. Chapin III, A.D. McGuire, R.W. Ruess, T.N. Hollingsworth, M.C. Mack,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that are disproportionately important relative to their biomass) or dominant species, including white spruce, alder, Sphagnum biomass and palatability) (Kielland et al. 2006). These changes indirectly reduce recruitment of white spruce (Angell and Kielland 2009). Although the data record is too short and the connections to climate

McGuire, A. David

165

Monte Vista Springfield  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Genetic Resources Preservation Alder Hall Weather Station Monfort Quadrangle Computer Science Vietnam tour.They are located on CSU's Foothills Campus. Solar Plant · A public-private partnership among CSU,000 solar panels. Research Innovation Center (RIC) · Hot-water preheating system at the boiler that allows

166

2011 Cost of Wind Energy Review  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cost of Wind Energy Cost of Wind Energy Review S. Tegen, E. Lantz, M. Hand, B. Maples, A. Smith, and P. Schwabe National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technical Report NREL/TP-5000-56266 March 2013 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 2011 Cost of Wind Energy Review S. Tegen, E. Lantz, M. Hand, B. Maples, A. Smith, and P. Schwabe National Renewable Energy Laboratory Prepared under Task No. WE11.1201 Technical Report NREL/TP-5000-56266 March 2013 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

167

2010 Cost of Wind Energy Review  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cost of Wind Energy Cost of Wind Energy Review S. Tegen, M. Hand, B. Maples, E. Lantz P. Schwabe, and A. Smith Technical Report NREL/TP-5000-52920 April 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 2010 Cost of Wind Energy Review S. Tegen, M. Hand, B. Maples, E. Lantz P. Schwabe, and A. Smith Prepared under Task No. WE11.1201 Technical Report NREL/TP-5000-52920 April 2012 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

168

(DOE/EIS-0285//SA-80): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (07/01/02)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SA80 SA80 Rocky Reach - Maple Valley Don Atkinson -- - TFN/Snohomish Bill Erickson -- - TFP/Walla Walla Proposed Action: Vegetation Management for USDA Forest Service Lands Along the Rocky Reach - Maple Valley Transmission Line. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to remove unwanted vegetation along access roads and around tower structures on USDA Forest Service lands that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. See Section 1of the attached checklist for a complete description of the proposal. Analysis: Please see the attached checklist for the resources present. Applicable findings and mitigation measures are discussed below. Planning Steps: 1. Identify facility and the vegetation management need. Access roads (only) and tower sites (only) will be treated using non-selective methods

169

A generic reaction-based biogeochemical simulator  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a generic biogeochemical simulator, BIOGEOCHEM. The simulator can read a thermodynamic database based on the EQ3/EQ6 database. It can also read user-specified equilibrium and kinetic reactions (reactions not defined in the format of that in EQ3/EQ6 database) symbolically. BIOGEOCHEM is developed with a general paradigm. It overcomes the requirement in most available reaction-based models that reactions and rate laws be specified in a limited number of canonical forms. The simulator interprets the reactions, and rate laws of virtually any type for input to the MAPLE symbolic mathematical software package. MAPLE then generates Fortran code for the analytical Jacobian matrix used in the Newton-Raphson technique, which are compiled and linked into the BIOGEOCHEM executable. With this feature, the users are exempted from recoding the simulator to accept new equilibrium expressions or kinetic rate laws. Two examples are used to demonstrate the new features of the simulator.

Fang, Yilin; Yabusaki, Steven B.; Yeh, Gour T.; C.T. Miller, M.W. Farthing, W.G. Gray, and G.F. Pinder

2004-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

170

CX-005847: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

847: Categorical Exclusion Determination 847: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005847: Categorical Exclusion Determination Rocky Reach - Maple Valley Access Road Repair CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 05/05/2011 Location(s): King County, Washington Office(s): Bonneville Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is proposing to build and/or repair approximately 18,000 feet of access road and right-of-way road that provides access to the Rocky Reach-Maple Valley Number 1 transmission line in King County, Washington. The work is necessary to repair damage done to access roads caused by a major flood event that occurred on November 7, 2006, and thus provide continued system stability. The project includes but is not limited to: - Reconstruction (blading, reshaping, grading, and compacting) of existing road surfaces - Hauling, placing, and shaping of

171

A Critique of the Mathematical Abilities of CA Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

unending set of details. \\Is this action really correct in all situations? If I read this manual entry from, Chichester, United Kingdom, ISBN 0-471- 98353-5, xvi+436 pages, 1999. #12; 2 Table 1.1 CASs used. Ax Axiom 2.1 1997 De Derive for DOS Version 4.11 1998 Mc Macsyma 422.0 1998 Mp Maple V Release 5.1 1998 Mm

Wester, Michael

172

University of Calgary Solar Decathlon 2011 Menu and Recipes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MENU DELIVERABLE | TEAM ALBERTA SOLAR DECATHLON | 2013 PG 1 MENU DELIVERABLE | TEAM ALBERTA SOLAR DECATHLON | 2013 PG 1 Rustic Canadiana (Restaurant-Style Menu) Enjoy a family- style feast with regional flavours inspired from the bounty of Alberta and the surrounding prairies, lakes and mountains. [FEATURED BEVERAGE] Ginger Grapefruit Spritzer freshly squeezed grapefruit juice, non-alcoholic ginger beer, Canadian maple syrup (served with hors d'oeuvres) Autumn Pear Smash fresh muddled pears, rosemary, sparkling soda (served with dinner)

173

Individual variation in cooperative behaviour in meerkats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

help or advice along the way include: Neil Jordan, Krys Golabek, Andrew Bateman (and Dr. Love), Lucy Browning, Martha (Maple) Nelson-Flower, Caroline Dingle and Jenny Oates. I have also received considerable help and guidance from many... or hormonal pathway (Sih et al., 2004a). Theoretical models have demonstrated how differences in state variables, such as body size or energy reserves, in tandem with behavioural experience, can result in consistent individual differences between foraging...

English, Sinad

2010-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

174

Trees as Filters of Radioactive Fallout from the Chernobyl Accident  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is a copy of an unpublished study of the filtering effect of red maple trees (acer rubrum) on fission product fallout near Binghamton, NY, USA following the 1986 Chernobyl accident. The conclusions of this work may offer some insight into what is happening in the forests exposed to fallout from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plant accident. This posting is in memory of Noel K. Yeh.

Brownridge, James D

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-105): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (08/22/02)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2, 2, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA 105 Elbe Tap to Alder-LaGrande No. 1 James Jellison - TFO/Olympia Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Elbe Tap to Alder-LaGrande No.1 and 115kV transmission line from structure 1/1 through structure 7/17. Corridor width varies. The project area is located within Whatcom County, Washington. Location: Transmission line is located at and west of Elbe, Pierce County Washington. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to remove unwanted vegetation along the right-of-way, access roads and around tower structures along the subject transmission line corridor. The right-of-way will be treated using selective and non-selective methods that include hand cutting, mowing

176

NNSA NEWS DRAFT October final edits 19 2009  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2009 2009 National Nuclear Security Administration Monthly News (continued on page 2) This month President Obama presented Dr. Berni Alder, a retired physicist from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, with the National Medal of Science and awarded the National Medal of Technology and Innovation to IBM for its Blue Gene series of supercomputers, developed in partnership with NNSA. The awards are the nation's most prestigious honors in the fields of science and technology innovation. Alder is widely regarded as the founder of molecular dynamics, a type of computer simulation used for studying the motions and interactions of atoms over time. His contributions include changing kinetic molecular theory by showing that simulations can significantly affect a scientific field.

177

2011 Publications Resulting from the Use of NERSC Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 2011 Publications Resulting from the Use of NERSC Resources On their Allocation Year 2012 ERCAP Request Forms Principal Investigators reported 1,770 refereed publications (published or in press) - as well as 93 publications submitted to refereed journals - for the preceding 12 months, based on using, at least in part, NERSC resources. A Adams, Paul Liu H, Sale KL, Simmons BA and Singh S, "Molecular dynamics study of polysaccharides in binary solvent mixtures of an ionic liquid and water." J Phys. Chem. B. 2011 115(34):10251-8. Aldering, Greg "Type Ia Supernova Carbon Footprints", Thomas, R. C., Aldering, G., Antilogus, P., Aragon, C., Bailey, S., Baltay, C., Bongard, S., Buton, C., Canto, A., Childress, M., Chotard, N., Copin, Y., Fakhouri, H. K., Gangler,

178

In The Spotlight | National Nuclear Security Administration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In The Spotlight | National Nuclear Security Administration In The Spotlight | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog In The Spotlight Home > About Us > Who We Are > In The Spotlight In The Spotlight Berni Alder, 2009 National Medal of Science Winner Berni Alder Role: Retired lab physicist and computational pioneer, Lawrence Livermore

179

Autumn Color  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Color Color Nature Bulletin No. 38 October 27, 1945 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Clayton F. Smith, President Roberts Mann, Supt. of Conservation AUTUMN COLOR This is a colorful fall; one oil the best in recent years. Folks who get a thrill out of masses of color have been reveling in the rich pageantry of the woodlands. It started about six weeks ago when the sumacs turned magenta and crimson. Gradually the Smaller species of trees and then the larger ones began to "turn". The leaves of the hard maple became a brilliant orange-yellow, the red maples scarlet, the hickory and the ash a rich yellow, the oaks mingled red-and-green, deep red, or even purple. Only such trees as the elms and sycamores turned a nondescript brown. In the southeastern portion Or Cook County the yellow of a few sassafras and the peculiar scarlet of a few sour gum trees punctuate the landscape. Along the banks oi the upper Des Plaines River the hard maples created a fairyland of beauty.

180

Microsoft Word - TR11-18.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Parkersburg, WV Parkersburg, WV November 2009 Page 1 2009 Annual Inspection for the Parkersburg, West Virginia, Nuclear Waste Policy Act Section 151(c) Disposal Site Summary The Parkersburg, West Virginia, Site was inspected on October 22, 2009, to confirm the integrity of visible features and to determine the need, if any, for maintenance, additional inspections, or monitoring. Results of the inspection conclude that the site is in excellent condition. The grass covered disposal cell is in excellent condition. No evidence of erosion or slope instability on the disposal cell was noted during the inspection. Vegetation control activities (mow and spray) have been effective in reducing the populations of weed species present at the site. Areas of poison hemlock were identified during the inspection.

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181

Review of the silicon material task  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Silicon Material Task of the Flat-Plate Solar Array Project was assigned the objective of developing the technology for low-cost processes for producing polysilicon suitable for terrestrial solar-cell applications. The Task program comprised sections for process developments for semiconductor-grade and solar-cell-grade products. To provide information for deciding upon process designs, extensive investigations of the effects of impurities on material properties and the performance of cells were conducted. The silane process of the Union Carbide Corporation was carried through several stages of technical and engineering development; a pilot plant was the culmination of this effort. The work to establish silane fluidized-bed technology for a low-cost process is continuing. The advantages of the use of dichlorosilane in a Siemens-type process were shown by Hemlock Semiconductor Corporation. The development of other processes is described.

Lutwack, R.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

2004 Annual Inspection for the  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

for the for the Parkersburg, West Virginia, Nuclear Waste Policy Act Section 151(c) Disposal Site Summary The Parkersburg, West Virginia, Site was inspected on October 16, 2008, to confirm the integrity of visible features and to determine the need, if any, for maintenance, additional inspections, or monitoring. Results of the inspection conclude that the site is in excellent condition. Vegetation control activities (mow and spray) have been effective in reducing the populations of weed species present at the site. An area of poison hemlock re-growth and an area of poison ivy were identified during the inspection. Although the site is currently mowed twice a year, the grass was rather high at the time of the inspection. It is recommended that the frequency of

183

Microsoft Word - TR11-07.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Parkersburg, WV Parkersburg, WV November 2011 Page 1 2011 Annual Inspection for the Parkersburg, West Virginia, Nuclear Waste Policy Act Section 151(c) Disposal Site Summary The Parkersburg, West Virginia, Site was inspected on October 5, 2011, to confirm the integrity of visible features and to determine the need, if any, for maintenance, additional inspections, or monitoring. The disposal cell was in excellent condition. No evidence of erosion or slope instability on the disposal cell was noted during the inspection. Vegetation control was improved over last year, but problem areas still exist. Spraying for poison hemlock has allowed teasel to take hold in its place. It is recommended that the spraying program be amended next year to include spraying for teasel and that after areas are sprayed for

184

OTTER Project Page  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Field Campaigns > OTTER (Oregon) Field Campaigns > OTTER (Oregon) The Oregon Transect Ecosystem Research (OTTER) Project Overview The purpose of the Oregon Transect Ecosystem Research (OTTER) Project was to estimate major fluxes of carbon, nitrogen, and water in forest ecosystems using an ecosystem-process model driven by remotely sensed data. The project was conducted from 1990 to 1991. The DAAC's data holdings include background data from 1989. OTTER data sets include: Canopy Chemistry Meteorology Field Sunphotometer Airborne Sunphotometer Timber Measurements These data were transferred to the ORNL DAAC from the Ames Research Center node of the Pilot Land Data System (PLDS). The ORNL DAAC LBA Data archive includes 14 data products. Study sites included a coastal forest of western hemlock, sitka spruce, and

185

Pine Tree Seed Germination  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pine Tree Seed Germination Pine Tree Seed Germination Name: Debbie Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I live in an area with many pine trees and pine cones. I would like to start seedlings to replace the older trees as I lose them. How do I do it? I have searched the internet for how but have yet to find an anwser. I've examined the pine cones and am at a loss, where are the seeds? I have soft long needle trees with medium pine cones, I have Hemlock trees with small cones and I have very sharp long needle trees with longer, narrow cones. Do the cones have to have already fallen off the tree before using seeds? Thank you!! Replies: Dear Debbie, The following may be helpful: http://www.uidaho.edu/cfwr/forres/nursery/research/research/projects.htm http://www.walden.org/thoreau/writings/seeds/dispersion_01.htm

186

NREL: Energy Analysis - Technology Systems and Sustainability Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technology Systems and Sustainability Analysis Technology Systems and Sustainability Analysis The following includes summary bios of staff expertise and interests in analysis related to infrastructure and systems; sustainability assessment; technoeconomic assessment; and water requirements. Team Lead: Margaret Mann Administrative Support: JoAnn Weaver Chad Augustine Alberta Carpenter Karlynn Cory Ran Fu Maureen Hand KC Hallett Ted James Garvin Heath Scott Jenne Aaron Levine Ben Maples Anelia Milbrandt Emily K. Newes Ethan Warner Kermit Witherbee Michael Woodhouse Katherine Young Yimin Zhang Photo of Chad Augustine. Chad Augustine Geothermal Energy Engineer/Analyst Areas of expertise Techno-economic modeling of Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) Geothermal resource assessment High pressure, high temperature reaction systems

187

COGR Council on Governmental Relations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DAVID WYNES DAVID WYNES Emory University MICHAEL AMEY The Johns Hopkins University JAMES BARBRET Wayne State University ELAINE BROCK University of Michigan SUSAN CAMBER University of Washington MICHELLE CHRISTY Massachusetts Institute of Technology KELVIN DROEGEMEIER University of Oklahoma CHARLES LOUIS University of California, Riverside MICHAEL LUDWIG Purdue University JAMES LUTHER Duke University JAMES R. MAPLES University of Tennessee DENISE MC CARTNEY Washington University in St. Louis KIM MORELAND University of Wisconsin CORDELL OVERBY University of Delaware SUSAN SEDWICK University of Texas, Austin JOHN SHIPLEY University of Miami WENDY STREITZ University of California System JAMES TRACY University of Kentucky MARIANNE WOODS University of Texas,

188

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Flex-Fuel Vehicle Modeling in the Flex-Fuel Vehicle Modeling in the Annual Energy Outlook John Maples Office of Energy Consumption and Energy Analysis March 20, 2013 | Washington, DC Light duty vehicle technology and alternative fuel market penetration 2 * Technologies affecting light-duty vehicle fuel economy are considered as either: - subsystem technologies (transmissions, materials, turbo charging) - advanced/alternative fuel vehicles (hybrids, EVs, FFVs) * Manufacturers Technology Choice Component (MTCC) - 9 manufacturers, 16 vehicle types, 6 size classes - adopts vehicle subsystem technologies for all vehicle types (conventional gasoline, FFV, hybrid, diesel, etc.) based on value of fuel economy and/or performance improvement * Consumer Vehicle Choice Component (CVCC)

189

Microsoft Word - DOETTQuestions.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ALBERT HORVATH ALBERT HORVATH The Pennsylvania State University MICHAEL AMEY The Johns Hopkins University JAMES BARBRET Wayne State University SUSAN CAMBER University of Washington MICHELLE CHRISTY Massachusetts Institute of Technology JOANNE DE STEFANO Cornell University TODD GUTTMAN The Ohio State University CHRISTINA HANSEN University of California, Irvine KATHLEEN IRWIN University of Wisconsin-Madison JAMIE LEWIS KEITH University of Florida NATALIE KRAWITZ University of Missouri System GUNTA LIDERS University of Rochester CHARLES LOUIS University of California, Riverside JAMES R. MAPLES University of Tennessee SUSAN SEDWICK University of Texas, Austin THOMAS SHARPE University of Iowa JOHN SHIPLEY Purdue University WENDY STREITZ University of California System

190

Retired lab physicist and computational pioneer, Lawrence Livermore  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Retired lab physicist and computational pioneer, Lawrence Livermore Retired lab physicist and computational pioneer, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Who We Are > In The Spotlight > Berni Alder Retired lab physicist and computational pioneer, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

191

Detection of long-term trends in carbon accumulation by forests in Northeastern U. S. and determination of causal factors: Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The overall project goal was to quantify the trends and variability for Net ecosystem exchange of CO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}O, and energy by northeastern forests, with particular attention to the role of succession, differences in species composition, legacies of past land use, and disturbances. Measurements included flux measurements and observations of biomass accumulation using ecosystem modeling as a framework for data interpretation. Continuation of the long-term record at the Environmental Measurement Site (EMS) Tower was a priority. The final quality-assured CO{sub 2}-flux data now extend through 2010. Data through 2011 are collected but not yet finalized. Biomass observations on the plot array centered on the tower are extended to 2011. Two additional towers in a hemlock stand (HEM) and a younger deciduous stand (LPH) complement the EMS tower by focusing on stands with different species composition or age distribution and disturbance history, but comparable climate and soil type. Over the period since 1993 the forest has added 24.4 Mg-C ha{sup -1} in the living trees. Annual net carbon uptake had been increasing from about 2 Mg-C ha{sup -1}y{sup -1} in the early 1990s to nearly 6 Mg-C ha{sup -1}y{sup -1} by 2008, but declined in 2009-2010. We attribute the increasing carbon uptake to a combination of warmer temperatures, increased photosynthetic efficiency, and increased influence by subcanopy hemlocks that are active in the early spring and late autumn when temperatures are above freezing but the deciduous canopy is bare. Not all of the increased carbon accumulation was found in woody biomass. Results from a study using data to optimize parameters in an ecosystem process model indicate that significant changes in model parameters for photosynthetic capacity and shifts in allocation to slow cycling soil organic matter are necessary for the model to match the observed trends. The emerging working hypothesis is that the pattern of increasing carbon uptake over the early 2000's represents a transient pulse that will eventually end as decomposition of the accumulated carbon catches up.

J. William Munger; Steven C. Wofsy; David R. Foster

2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

192

Norwich University Solar Decathlon 2011 Menu and Recipes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

e e v e r a g e s dessert blackberry fools a p p l e c i d e r starter salad apple romaine maple mustard vinaigrette main course r o m a i n e h e a r t s with c h o p p e d apples & a f r o t h y m i x t u r e o f b l a c k b e r r y jam & w h i p p e d c r e a m a n d f r e s h b e r r i e s pasta carbonara o r a n g e a n d l e m o n m i x e d w i t h dried cranberries f r e s h m a d e p a s t a with s c a l l i o n & parsley, b a c o n and g r a t e d chedder c h e e s e & c h i l l e d w a t e r DINNER PARTY ONE: INGREDIENTS starter main course - Romaine lettuce - Granny Smith apples - salt and black pepper - flour - frozen apple juice concentrate - cider vinegar - canola oil - Craisins - sliced almonds - olive oil - butter - spicy brown mustard - maple syrup - blackberry jam - heavy cream - confectioner's sugar - mixed fresh berries dessert - eggs - scallion - cheddar cheese, grated - parsley (to taste)

193

School Trips & Projects in Spring  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Projects in Spring & Projects in Spring Nature Bulletin No. 484 March 9, 1957 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Daniel Ryan, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor David H. Thompson, Senior Naturalist SCHOOL TRIPS & PROJECTS IN SPRINg Spring is the morning of the year when nature reawakens. The days become noticeably longer and warmer. We feel an urge to get out-of- doors and see green growing plants, early wildflowers, and swelling buds on trees and shrubs; see and hear birds returning from their winter homes; hear the mating songs of frogs and toads. The nearest forest preserve, park, meadow or hedgerow -- even a city street or weedy vacant lot -- will have a wealth of plant and animal life. March is a chancy month for field trips but spring can be perking in a classroom before many signs of it appear outdoors. One twig of a forsythia bush, placed in a bottle of water, will soon display its yellow flowers; willow and aspen twigs will develop fat fuzzy catkins; the end of branches from cottonwood, soft maple and elm trees will reveal how some of their winter buds produce flowers and others burst into leaves. The long reddish catkins on a male cottonwood are showy but the small flowers of a maple or an elm are no less beautiful, although seldom noticed on the trees.

194

Uptake of tritium by plants from atmosphere and soil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Uptake of tritiated water (HTO) by plants was examined under field conditions when tritium was available to leaves from only the atmosphere and when tritium was available from both the soil (root uptake) and the atmosphere. Maple, oak, and elm trees, planted in clean soil, were transported to a tritium-contaminated forest, where the atmospheric tritium concentration was elevated, to examine HTO uptake by tree leaves when the source was only in the atmosphere. The results partially agreed with a diffusion model of tritium uptake by plants. Discrepancies found between predicted and measured leaf HTO/air HTO ratios should be attributed to the existence of some isolated water, which is isolated from the transpiration stream in the leaves, that was not available for rapid turnover. The uptake of tritium by trees, when the source was both in the soil and atmosphere, was also examined using deciduous trees (maple and elm) resident to the tritium-contaminated forest. The results were in agreement with a prediction model.

Amano, H [Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI); Garten Jr, Charles T [ORNL

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Synthetic studies toward palau򡭩ne and enantioselective total synthesis of biogenetically related (+)-phakellin and (+)-monobromophakellin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oroidin alkaloids, also known as pyrrole-imidazole alkaloids, have become a hot area of chemical and biological research due to their diverse and intriguing structural features and biological activities. Palau'amine (i), one of the hexacyclic oroidin-derived secondary metabolites, contains a fully substituted chloro-cyclopentane ring, a piperazinone moiety and two cyclic guanidines. With the uniqueness and complexity of its structure, palauamine has been a synthetic challenge and has not yet succumbed to total synthesis. The overall objective of this work was to explore synthetic pathways toward palauamine and biogenetically related congeners. Most of the work was focused on developing a synthetic pathway for the palauamine structure proposed in its isolation report dated back to 1993. Starting from a Diels-Alder adduct (iii), oxidation/chlorination followed by phakellin (ii) annulation afforded an advanced pentacyclic intermediate possessing all the carbon framework and all but one ring system of palauamine. Recently, however, a series of reports questioned the originally proposed palauamine structure and called for a revision of the stereochemistry of two carbon centers (iv). Now palauamine has an identical chlorocyclopentane core with axinellamine (vi). With the target changed, we devised a new biomimetic pathway toward both natural products via a common intermediate (v), which was synthesized in 12 steps from the Diels-Alder adduct (iii).

Wang, Shaohui

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Junipers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Junipers Junipers Nature Bulletin No. 362-A December 13, 1969 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation JUNIPERS Many years ago, on a farm in hilly regions of the Middle West, the Christmas tree was apt to be a "cedar" selected from those that punctuated the hillsides and pastures. According to the notebooks kept by the first surveyors of Cook County, in the 1830' s, there were cedars here. If we had them now they would not only add character and beauty to the landscape, especially in winter, but also furnish food and cover for many birds and small mammals. Actually, this tree is a juniper, known commercially and in tree books as Eastern Redcedar. The name "cedar" is very confusing. Instead of being used for one type of evergreen -- such as pine, spruce, fir or hemlock -- it has been applied to junipers, whitecedars, cypresses and other kinds of trees. None of the true cedars is native to this country but the Cedar of Lebanon, the Atlas Cedar from the mountains of North Africa, and the Deodar of "god tree" of the Himalayas have been extensively planted for ornamental purposes.

197

Development of a polysilicon process based on chemical vapor deposition. Phase 1. Fourth quarterly progress report, 1 July-30 September 1980  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of this program is to demonstrate that a dichlorosilane-based reductive chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process is capable of producing, at low cost, high quality polycrystalline silicon for use in the manufacture of high efficiency solar cells. The feasibility of silicon generation from dichlorosilane (DCS) has been well established. The feasibility and optimization portions of the experimental reactor program have been completed, with a number of runs having been conducted over a broad range of conditions in an experimental CVD reactor. Activities relating to feed of commercially purchased DCS to an intermediate sized reactor and to construction of a Process Development Unit (PDU) to generate and feed DCS to one or more production scale reactors were suspended during the previous quarter because of the receipt of new safety-related information about DCS from Hazards Research Corp. Experimental data generated by Hazards Research Corp. indicate that DCS/air mixtures possess about four times the explosive severity potential as hydrogen/air mixtures, and that DCS/air mixtures are very readily ignited. As a consequence of this new information, designs and procedures for the intermediate reactor feed and PDU tasks were deemed inadequate and new designs incorporating new safety-related elements are being formulated. A preliminary economic evaluation of the Hemlock Semiconductor process has been completed. The analysis for a plant to generate 1000 metric tonne of silicon indicates a plant investment of $21.9 M, and a product selling price of $19.85/kg.

Sharp, K.; Arvidson, A.; Sawyer, D.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Electrical Energy Conservation Analyses of the Wood Products (SIC24) Industry in the BPA Service Sistrict : Mill Summary Report : Champion International Corporation, Roseburg, Oregon.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the partial results of a study conducted by Trans Energy Systems Industrial Division of URS Company for the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) under contract AC79-84BP18946. The objective of this effort was an electrical energy conservation analysis of the Wood Products Industry (Standard Industrial Code (SIC) 24) in the BPA service district. The analysis was conducted by selecting five representative mills in the BPA service area and performing electrical energy conservation surveys and analyses of these mills. This report presents the results of data gathering and analysis at the Champion International Corporation plywood mill in Roseburg, Oregon, which produces exterior, interior, sanded and tongue and groove/shiplap softwood plywood. The plant produces 170 million square feet of 3/8-inch basis plywood annually. Species processed include Douglas fir and hemlock. This report summarizes the mill data collected, the technical and economic analyses performed, the strategy used in ranking the individual electrical energy conservation opportunities found in each mill, the recommended energy conservation measures (ECM), the projected cost benefits of each ECM and the estimated impacts of each ECM on plant production and operation.

TransEnergy Systems, Inc.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Cost and Productivity of Multi-Product Processing for Small Diameter Trees : Final Report.  

SciTech Connect

This project evolved from an effort by the land manager, the United States Forest Service, to economically deal with thousands of acres of thick (doghair) Douglas-fir and hemlock forests on Washington's Olympic Peninsula. These forests are very densely stocked and the trees are small. Until this effort, there has been no reasonable way to get enough product from the sites to justify managing them. And, even this project required some special agreements between the landowner and the investigator to be viable. This report describes the in-woods processing system now working in doghair stands on the Quilcene District. As whole trees arrive at the landing, they are sorted by a Cat 225 shovel-type loader. Sawlogs are trimmed, limbed, bucked, and decked for transportation on conventional log trucks. Chip grade trees are passed through a prototype, multi-stem debarker/delimber and then chipped by a Morbark 23'' Chiparvester. Clean chips are transported in regular highway chip vans. All other materials, not sold as logs or clean chips, are processed by a prototype shredder, and taken from the site as hogfuel. 7 ref., 15 figs., 11 tabs.

Lambert, Michael B.; Howard, James O.; Hermann, Steven E.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Geological and Geothermal Investigation of the Lower Wind River Valley, Southwestern Washington Cascade Range  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Wind River Valley, on the west slope of the Cascade Range, is a northwest-trending drainage that joins the Columbia River near Carson, Washington. The region has been heavily dissected by fluvial and glacial erosion. Ridges have sharp crests and deep subsidiary valleys typical of a mature topography, with a total relief of as much as 900 m. The region is vegetated by fir and hemlock, as well as dense, brushy ground-cover and undergrowth. The lower 8 km of the valley is privately owned and moderately populated. The upper reaches lies within the Gifford Pinchot National Forest, and include several campgrounds and day parks, the Carson National Fish Hatchery, and the Wind River Ranger Station and Wind River Nursery of the US Forest Service. Logging activity is light due to the rugged terrain, and consequently, most valley slopes are not accessible by vehicle. The realization that a potential for significant geothermal resources exists in the Wind River area was brought about by earlier exploration activities. Geologic mapping and interpretation was needed to facilitate further exploration of the resource by providing a knowledge of possible geologic controls on the geothermal system. This report presents the detailed geology of the lower Wind River valley with emphasis on those factors that bear significantly on development of a geothermal resource.

Berri, Dulcy A.; Korosec, Michael A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemlock alder maple" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Microsoft Word - CX_Memo_WNP.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tim Wicks Tim Wicks Project Manager - TERR-Covington Proposed Action: Williams Northwest Pipeline Land Use Review Request Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.9 Multiple use of powerline rights-of-way Location: King County, Washington Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to grant a Land Use Review Request (LURR) submitted by Williams Northwest Pipeline (WNP) to replace a portion of their 10-inch diameter South Seattle 2454 loop natural gas pipeline within their existing easement on BPA fee-owned right-of-way (ROW) within BPA's Maple Valley-Echo Lake transmission line corridor in King County, Washington. Puget Sound Energy (PSE), the primary user of the

202

CX-007909: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7909: Categorical Exclusion Determination 7909: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007909: Categorical Exclusion Determination Ambler Boiler House Geothermal Wells, Cool Roof and Photovoltaic installation CX(s) Applied: B5.1, B5.16, B5.19 Date: 02/08/2012 Location(s): Pennsylvania Offices(s): Golden Field Office The US Department of Energy (DOE) provided funding to the City of Philadelphia (City) under the DOE's American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program (EECBG). The City proposes to use approximately $1,000,000 of EECBG funding (total project cost -$15M) to install a closed-loop geothermal system and for other energy efficiency and renewable energy measures at the Ambler Boiler House, located at 201 South Maple Avenue, Ambler, PA 19002 (proposed

203

Dispersal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dispersal Dispersal Nature Bulletin No. 675-A April 15, 1978 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation SEED DISPERSAL Plants that scatter their seeds widely have a better chance to survive than those which do not. Different kinds spread their seeds in various special ways. Many seeds ride the wind. Maple seeds spin away like little helicopters with a single wing. In a strong breeze they can travel a city block. Those of the elm are small papery disks with a seed in the center. The ash seed and its wing resembles a canoe paddle. In the basswood a few seeds are suspended beneath a large flat blade that glides through the air. Ripe, dry pine cones open and release winged seeds hidden between the cone scales.

204

(DOE/EIS-0285/SA-11): Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS 5/15/01  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1) 1) Donald F. Atkinson - TFN/Snohomish Natural Resource Specialist Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Covington-Maple Valley No. 2 Transmission Line ROW. The line is a 345kV Single Circuit Transmission Line having an easement width of 150 feet. The proposed work will be accomplished in selected sections along the entire transmission line corridor. Location: The ROW is located in King County, WA, being in the Snohomish Region. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of- ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. Also, access road clearing will be conducted. All work will be in accordance with

205

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determinations By Date | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5, 2011 5, 2011 CX-007153: Categorical Exclusion Determination Glen Canyon substation Transformer Addition CX(s) Applied: B4.6 Date: 05/05/2011 Location(s): Coconino County, Arizona Office(s): Western Area Power Administration-Desert Southwest Region May 5, 2011 CX-005852: Categorical Exclusion Determination Stegall-Wayside 230 Kilovolt Access Road Extension CX(s) Applied: B1.13 Date: 05/05/2011 Location(s): Dawes County, Wyoming Office(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region May 5, 2011 CX-005847: Categorical Exclusion Determination Rocky Reach - Maple Valley Access Road Repair CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 05/05/2011 Location(s): King County, Washington Office(s): Bonneville Power Administration May 5, 2011 CX-005845: Categorical Exclusion Determination

206

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

41 - 28250 of 28,904 results. 41 - 28250 of 28,904 results. Download CX-007995: Categorical Exclusion Determination Upgrade of the Existing Septic System at the Big Eddy Substation and Maintenance Facility CX(s) Applied: B4.6 Date: 02/07/2012 Location(s): Oregon Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-007995-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-007996: Categorical Exclusion Determination Rocky Reach-Maple Valley #1 Temporary Bridge Installation CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 02/07/2012 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-007996-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-007998: Categorical Exclusion Determination Integration of Stoltze Land and Lumber Biomass Generation CX(s) Applied: B1.7

207

201107861 1..6  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kinetically Kinetically inhibited order in a diamond-lattice antiferromagnet Gregory J. MacDougall a,1 , Delphine Gout a,b,c , Jerel L. Zarestky d , Georg Ehlers a , Andrey Podlesnyak a , Michael A. McGuire b , David Mandrus b,e , and Stephen E. Nagler a a Neutron Scattering Science Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; b Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; c Jülich Centre for Neutron Science-Spallation Neutron Source, Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich, Germany; d Ames Laboratory and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011; and e Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 Edited* by M. Brian Maple, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, and approved August 2, 2011 (received for review May 17, 2011) Frustrated

208

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-94) Covington District Substations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4) 4) - Covington District Substations Dennis Sjoquist - TFN/Snohomish Snohomish Regional Manager Proposed Action: Vegetation Management for the following facilities located in the Covington District: Covington Echo Lake Lynch Creek Maple Valley Narrows Raver, P.J. South Tacoma Steilacoom Surprise Lake Tacoma King King Pierce King Pierce King Pierce Pierce Pierce Pierce Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes total vegetation management (bareground) in the electrical substations, and, noxious weed management and maintenance of landscaping within the property boundaries of the listed facilities. These facilities are all located within the Covington District of the Snohomish Region. Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to manage vegetation inside and around electrical substations and associated facilities.

209

Microsoft Word - Soos_Creek_CX.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Timothy Wicks Timothy Wicks Realty Specialist - TERR-COVINGTON Proposed Action: Soos Creek Water & Sewer District Land Use Review Request Case No. 20120040 Budget Information: 184006 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B 4.9 - Multiple use of powerline rights-of-way Location: Covington, King County, Washington Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to approve a land use review request from Soos Creek Water & Sewer District (District) to construct a new sewer line that would cross under an existing road on BPA fee-owned property near structures 1/2 and 1/3 of the Covington-Maple Valley No. 2 230-kilovolt (kV) transmission line. The proposed sewer line

210

The Life History of a Pond  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History of a Pond History of a Pond Nature Bulletin No. 617 November 12, 1960 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Daniel Ryan, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor David H. Thompson, Senior Naturalist THE LIFE HISTORY OF A POND In the Palos division of the Forest Preserve District there is an extraordinary number of ponds and sloughs Many were created by damming the outlets from wet places; some were originally farm ponds that we have restored. The largest and probably oldest pond is located in Swallow Cliff Woods, west of the picnic area in a grove of white pines planted about 40 years ago. The pond is dying. Like most others, if undisturbed, after fifty years or so it will be forgotten because in its place there will be trees willows, cottonwoods, soft maples, and probably swamp white and bur oaks. Indeed, at one time it had already filled up until, after being drained by tile, corn was grown there.

211

New detector array improves neutron count capability at HFIR's Bio-SANS |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bio-SANS neutron count capability improves Bio-SANS neutron count capability improves New detector array improves neutron count capability at HFIR's Bio-SANS Agatha Bardoel - June 29, 2012 Bio-SANS team that worked on installation of the new detector system. Front row, left to right: Doug Selby, Steve Hicks, Shuo Qian, Sai Venkatesh Pingali, Kathy Bailey, Amy Black Jones, and Derrick Williams. Back row, left to right: Ed Blackburn, John Palatinus, William Brad O'Dell, Mike Humphreys, Justin Beal, Ken Littrell, Greg Jones, Kevin Berry, Volker Urban, Randy Summers, and Ron Maples. Bio-SANS, the Biological Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Instrument at HFIR recently had a detector upgrade that will provide significantly improved performance that is more in line with the instrument's capability. Shorter experiment times are expected, which means more experiments can be

212

NREL: Energy Sciences - Ashutosh Mittal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ashutosh Mittal Ashutosh Mittal Research Scientist Photo of Ashutosh Mittal Phone: (303) 384-6136 Email: ashutosh.mittal@nrel.gov At NREL Since: 2008 Ashutosh Mittal received his Ph.D. in Paper and Bioprocess Engineering from the Department of Paper and Bioprocess Engineering at the State University of New York, Empire State College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse. His dissertation work was focused on studying the kinetics of hemicellulose (sugars) extraction from hardwoods (sugar maple and aspen) during hot water extraction (autohydrolysis). To describe the concentrations of the residual xylan, xylooligomers, xylose, and degradation product (furfural) obtained in the autohydrolysis of wood chips, a mass-transfer model based on first-order kinetics with Arrhenius-type temperature dependence of the rate coefficients was

213

DOE Receives First Repayment from Successful DryFining™ Clean Coal Power  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Receives First Repayment from Successful DryFining™ Clean Coal Receives First Repayment from Successful DryFining™ Clean Coal Power Initiative Project DOE Receives First Repayment from Successful DryFining™ Clean Coal Power Initiative Project July 6, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The success of a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI) project has led to a repayment of $580,000 to U.S. taxpayers, with much more - potentially exceeding $13 million - possible in the future. Great River Energy (GRE) of Maple Grove, Minn., made the payment to the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) recently as part of an agreement associated with the DryFining™ CCPI project. Implemented by NETL, CCPI is a cost-shared collaboration between the Federal government and private industry aimed at stimulating investment

214

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11 - 24020 of 28,905 results. 11 - 24020 of 28,905 results. Download CX-002438: Categorical Exclusion Determination Rocky Reach-Maple Valley Number-1 Transmission Line Bridge Replacement Project CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 05/03/2010 Location(s): Kittitas County, Washington Office(s): Bonneville Power Administration http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-002438-categorical-exclusion-determination Download Idaho CERCLA Disposal Facility at Idaho National Laboratory Full Document and Summary Versions are available for download http://energy.gov/em/downloads/idaho-cercla-disposal-facility-idaho-national-laboratory Download DOE Acquisition Letter 95-06, Personal Property Guidance GUIDANCE ON PROTECTION OF WORKERS UTILIZING DOE LEASED FACILITIES http://energy.gov/lm/downloads/doe-acquisition-letter-95-06-personal-property-guidance

215

CX-007875: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

75: Categorical Exclusion Determination 75: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007875: Categorical Exclusion Determination Ambler Boiler House Geothermal Wells, Cool Roof and Photovoltaic installation CX(s) Applied: B5.1, B5.16, B5.19 Date: No date. Location(s): Pennsylvania Offices(s): Golden Field Office The US Department of Energy (DOE) provided funding to the City of Philadelphia (City) under the DOE's American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program (EECBG). The City proposes to use ~ $1,000,000 of EECBG funding (total project cost ~$15M) to install a closed-loop geothermal system and for other energy efficiency and renewable energy measures at the Ambler Boiler House, located at 201 South Maple Avenue, Ambler, PA 19002 (proposed project).

216

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11 - 25020 of 31,917 results. 11 - 25020 of 31,917 results. Download CX-005847: Categorical Exclusion Determination Rocky Reach - Maple Valley Access Road Repair CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 05/05/2011 Location(s): King County, Washington Office(s): Bonneville Power Administration http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-005847-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-005772: Categorical Exclusion Determination C-Area Characterization CX(s) Applied: B3.1 Date: 04/13/2011 Location(s): Aiken, South Carolina Office(s): Environmental Management, Savannah River Operations Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-005772-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-005774: Categorical Exclusion Determination Decommissioning of Flow Through Filter Diesel Generators CX(s) Applied: B1.27 Date: 04/12/2011

217

Armstrong PepsiCo Teaming Profile  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Armstrong International, Inc. Pepsi Beverages Company Armstrong International, Inc. Pepsi Beverages Company 816 Maple Street 1 Pepsi Way Three Rivers, MI 49093 Somers, NY 10589 Business: Steam, Air & Hot Water Utility Systems Business: Beverage Bottling Cam Spence Rob Turner Director of Global Food Markets Engineering Director 269-279-3149 914-767-7763 cam@armstronginternational.com Rob.Turner@pepsiamericas.com Armstrong's Complete Thermal Exchange (CTE) technology reduces natural gas consumed by Pepsi Americas by 37% and reduces CO 2 emissions by 4,125 tons/year Project Scope Using CTE technology, Armstrong designed, engineered, and turnkey installed Flo-Direct gas-fired hot water heating systems to complete can/bottle warmer optimizations on thirteen production lines at eight Pepsi facilities.

218

CX-004657: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Categorical Exclusion Determination 7: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004657: Categorical Exclusion Determination Hot Water Extraction of Hardwood Chips and Utilization of the Residual Chips and Wood Extracts CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 12/07/2010 Location(s): New York Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office The Research Foundation of State University of New York proposes to use federal funding to evaluate the feasibility for woody biomass extraction (pretreatment) and utilization (fermentation) laboratory research. This project will include hot water extraction studies on sugar maple woodchips, wood extracts utilization studies, and residual woodchips utilization studies. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-004657.pdf More Documents & Publications

219

EIS-0285-SA-11: Supplement Analysis | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EIS-0285-SA-11: Supplement Analysis EIS-0285-SA-11: Supplement Analysis EIS-0285-SA-11: Supplement Analysis Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Vegetation Management along the Covington-Maple Valley No. 2 Transmission Line ROW. BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of- ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. Also, access road clearing will be conducted. All work will be in accordance with the National Electrical Safety Code and BPA standards. BPA plans to conduct vegetation control with the goal of removing tall growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission line. BPA's overall goal is to have low-growing plant communities along the rights-of- way to control the

220

Iowa's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5th congressional district: Energy Resources 5th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Iowa. Registered Energy Companies in Iowa's 5th congressional district Amaizing Energy Holding Company BioProcess Algae Chief Energy Company LLC Growind Loess Hills Wind Energy LLC Maple River Energy LLC Natural Innovative Renewable Energy formerly Northwest Iowa Renewable Energy Plymouth Energy LLC Quad County Corn Processors Siouxland Energy and Livestock Cooperative SELC Southern Iowa Bio Energy Soy Solutions Tall Corn Ethanol LLC West Central Biodiesel Investors LLC West Central Cooperative Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Iowa%27s_5th_congressional_district&oldid=188483

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemlock alder maple" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Washington | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 3, 2010 May 3, 2010 CX-002190: Categorical Exclusion Determination Nisqually Indian Tribe of the Nisqually Reservation Energy Efficiency Retrofits of Tribal Center CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1 Date: 05/03/2010 Location(s): Nisqually Reservation, Washington Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy May 3, 2010 CX-002438: Categorical Exclusion Determination Rocky Reach-Maple Valley Number-1 Transmission Line Bridge Replacement Project CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 05/03/2010 Location(s): Kittitas County, Washington Office(s): Bonneville Power Administration April 30, 2010 CX-002137: Categorical Exclusion Determination Farm Power Lynden CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 04/30/2010 Location(s): Lynden, Washington Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

222

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook - Contacts  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Contacts Contacts Assumption to the Annual Energy Outlook Contacts Specific questions about the information in this report may be directed to: Introduction Paul D. Holtberg 202/586-1284 Macroeconomic Activity Module Ronald F. Earley Yvonne Taylor 202/586-1398 202/586-1398 International Energy Module G. Daniel Butler 202/586-9503 Household Expenditures Module/ Residential Demand Module John H. Cymbalsky 202/586-4815 Commercial Demand Module Erin E. Boedecker 202/586-4791 Industrial Demand Module T. Crawford Honeycutt 202/586-1420 Transportation Demand Module John D. Maples 202/586-1757 Electricity Market Module Laura Martin 202/586-1494 Oil and Gas Supply Module/Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module Joseph Benneche 202/586-6132 Petroleum Market Module Bill Brown 202/586-8181

223

Analysis & Projections - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) -  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vehicle Choice & Markets Technical Workshop Presentations Vehicle Choice & Markets Technical Workshop Presentations January 25, 2013 About the workshop The workshop focused on recent survey analyses, market representation, state of the art modeling, and comparisons of projected model results. This event provided a rare and insightful opportunity to compare and contrast our understanding and representation of vehicle markets and vehicle choice modeling with our nation's automotive leaders to assure that EIA's future projections and policy analyses that examine the potential impacts of electric powertrain vehicles under varying assumptions are consistent with the understanding and expectations of industry experts. See full workshop summary Presentations Vehicle Choice Modeling and Projections for the Annual Energy Outlook, John Maples PDF

224

The Entire Botany Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Botany Archives Botany Archives Botany Archives, Since May 2000 Table of Contents: Ginseng Caterpillars and Pin Oaks Seaweed and Nutrition Blue Leaves Walnut Problems Italian Trees Purple Plants Poplar Up-date European Tree Design Planting Magnolia Trees Schoolyard Plants Poplar Droppings Fungi Spores Woodland Adaptations Growing Lichen Apple Tree Maturity Horse Poison Plants Honeysuckle Poison Old Trees Leaking Popular Cottonwood Infestation Tulip Tree Seeds Bald Cypress Ecology Maple Recovery Leaf Minors Catalpa Problem Berm Enhancement Organic Gardening Ailing Burr Oak Damaged Cypress Tree Reed Ridding Berm Enhancement Tulip Tree Flowering Lichens Weed Seeds Plants at Night Kombu Seaweed Plants at Night Crab Grass Phloem Physiology Elm Disease Bark Thickness Poison Sumac Growing Fields Killing Pine Trees

225

Property Values | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Values Property Values Jump to: navigation, search Maple Ridge Wind Farm. Photo from Iberdrola Renewables, NREL 15240 Researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have performed empirical investigations to address typical community concerns about wind energy and property values. Based on the data sample and analysis, "no evidence is found that home prices surrounding wind facilities are consistently, measurably, and significantly affected by either the view of wind facilities or the distance of the home to those facilities. Although the analysis cannot dismiss the possibility that individual homes or small numbers of homes have been or could be negatively impacted, it finds that if these impacts exist, they are either too small and/or too infrequent to

226

CX-009701: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

701: Categorical Exclusion Determination 701: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009701: Categorical Exclusion Determination Williams Northwest Pipeline Land Use Review Request CX(s) Applied: B4.9 Date: 12/27/2012 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is proposing to grant a Land Use Review Request (LURR) submitted by Williams Northwest Pipeline (WNP) to replace a portion of their 10-inch diameter South Seattle 2454 loop natural gas pipeline within their existing easement on BPA fee-owned right-of-way (ROW) within BPA's Maple Valley-Echo Lake transmission line corridor in King County, Washington. CX-009701.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-008680: Categorical Exclusion Determination EIS-0317-S1: Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement

227

Michele Yager  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Delivered by Ingenta to: Delivered by Ingenta to: Michele Yager IP : 130.207.37.34 Wed, 18 Jan 2012 15:37:50 RESEARCH ARTICLE Copyright © 2011 American Scientific Publishers All rights reserved Printed in the United States of America Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy Vol. 5, 514-519, 2011 Characterization of Fermentation Residues from the Production of Bio-Ethanol from Lignocellulosic Feedstocks Poulomi Sannigrahi and Arthur J. Ragauskas ∗ BioEnergy Science Center, School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA Solid residues from the conversion of four lignocellulosic biomass feedstocks, Miscanthus, Switch- grass, hybrid poplar and red maple, to bioethanol in a pilot plant have been characterized for their lignin and carbohydrate content, heating value, ash content and inorganic elements profile. These residues have

228

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

41 - 11350 of 28,905 results. 41 - 11350 of 28,905 results. Download CX-005422: Categorical Exclusion Determination La Pine Chiloquin and Brasada Harney Number 1 Transmission Line Right-of-Ways CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 03/15/2011 Location(s): Klamath County, Oregon Office(s): Bonneville Power Administration http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-005422-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-005847: Categorical Exclusion Determination Rocky Reach - Maple Valley Access Road Repair CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 05/05/2011 Location(s): King County, Washington Office(s): Bonneville Power Administration http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-005847-categorical-exclusion-determination Download Audit Report: OAS-L-03-19 Audit of Recurring Acquisitions at the Chicago Operations Office http://energy.gov/ig/downloads/audit-report-oas-l-03-19

229

DOE/EIS-0285-SA-62: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (4/16/02)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DATE April 16, 2002 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR/Covington SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-62) Don Atkinson - TFN/Snohomish Proposed Action: Vegetation Management along the Rocky Reach - Maple Valley No. 1 Transmission Line ROW from structure 98/2 to structure 110/1. The transmission line is a 500 kV line. Location: The ROW is located King County, WA. Proposed by: Snohomish Regional Headquarters, Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to clear targeted vegetation along access roads and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission line. BPA plans to conduct vegetation management along existing access road and

230

Office of Educational Programs | FaST Professor Profiles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wenyi Bi Wenyi Bi Associate Professor Walsh University Math & Science Division Contact Information: 2020 East Maple Street NW North Canton, OH 44720 (330) 244-4775 wbi@walsh.edu Education Nankai University B.S. 1980 Mathematics Nova Southwestern University M.S. 1983 Computer Science Nova Southwestern University Ph.D. 2001 Computer Science Positions & Employment 1 yr. Associate Professor, Walsh University 4 yrs. Assistant Professor, Cheyney University of Pennsylvania 1 yr. American Intercontinental University 3 yrs. Miami Dade College 9 yrs. Tianjin University Research Interests Bioinformatics, Data mining, Cyber Security Publications W. Bi, J. Dunn1, S. McCorkle1, R. Gabriel, & W. Lewis, "Identify the Gene Positions of Methylated DNA with a Database Approach", in Proceedings of

231

Innovative Drying Technology Extracts More Energy from High Moisture Coal |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Innovative Drying Technology Extracts More Energy from High Innovative Drying Technology Extracts More Energy from High Moisture Coal Innovative Drying Technology Extracts More Energy from High Moisture Coal March 11, 2010 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - An innovative coal-drying technology that will extract more energy from high moisture coal at less cost and simultaneously reduce potentially harmful emissions is ready for commercial use after successful testing at a Minnesota electric utility. The DryFining(TM) technology was developed with funding from the first round of the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI). Great River Energy of Maple Grove, Minn., has selected the WorleyParsons Group to exclusively distribute licenses for the technology, which essentially uses waste heat from a power plant to reduce moisture content

232

Corrosivity of Foodstuffs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Approximate pH values of various foods...6.5??8.5 Dates 6.2??6.4 Eggs, fresh white 7.6??8.0 Flour, wheat 5.5??6.5 Gooseberries 2.8??3.0 Grapefruit 3.0??3.3 Grapes 3.5??4.5 Hominy (lye) 6.8??8.0 Jams, fruit 3.5??4.0 Jellies, fruit 2.8??3.4 Lemons 2.2??2.4 Limes 1.8??2.0 Maple syrup 6.5??7.0 Milk, cows 6.3??6.6 Olives 3.6??3.8 Oranges 3.0??4.0 Oysters 6.1??6.6...

233

Exact solutions for perturbed confined hydrogen atoms: Polarizabilities and nuclear shielding factors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We extend our recent treatment of a well-known model of a nonrelativistic hydrogen-like atom confined within an impenetrable spherical 'box' of radius R. Analytical closed-form solutions are presented for the first-order perturbation corrections appropriate to the dipole polarization of all s states. Exact solutions are expressed conveniently in terms of Kummer (confluent hypergeometric) M functions, exactly as for the field-free atom, by exploiting several well-known recurrence and differential relations for these functions. The M functions and all necessary integrals are evaluated using standard MAPLE routines, which exploit analytical properties of these functions. The accuracy of our procedures has been checked by a similar calculation of the dipole shielding factors. Our procedures are easily extended to states of nonzero angular momentum, as well as to higher-multipole perturbations. Our exact values may be of interest in assessing the utility of this simple model of atomic confinement.

Burrows, B.L. [Mathematics Section, Faculty of Computing, Engineering and Technology, Staffordshire University, Beaconside, Stafford, ST18 0DG (United Kingdom); Cohen, M. [Department of Physical Chemistry, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, 91904 (Israel)

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

234

Symbolic-numerical Algorithm for Generating Cluster Eigenfunctions: Tunneling of Clusters Through Repulsive Barriers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A model for quantum tunnelling of a cluster comprising A identical particles, coupled by oscillator-type potential, through short-range repulsive potential barriers is introduced for the first time in the new symmetrized-coordinate representation and studied within the s-wave approximation. The symbolic-numerical algorithms for calculating the effective potentials of the close-coupling equations in terms of the cluster wave functions and the energy of the barrier quasistationary states are formulated and implemented using the Maple computer algebra system. The effect of quantum transparency, manifesting itself in nonmonotonic resonance-type dependence of the transmission coefficient upon the energy of the particles, the number of the particles A=2,3,4, and their symmetry type, is analyzed. It is shown that the resonance behavior of the total transmission coefficient is due to the existence of barrier quasistationary states imbedded in the continuum.

Vinitsky, Sergue; Chuluunbaatar, Ochbadrakh; Rostovtsev, Vitaly; Hai, Luong Le; Derbov, Vladimir; Krassovitskiy, Pavel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Tappable Pine Trees: Commercial Production of Terpene Biofuels in Pine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PETRO Project: The University of Florida is working to increase the amount of turpentine in harvested pine from 4% to 20% of its dry weight. While enhanced feedstocks for biofuels have generally focused on fuel production from leafy plants and grasses, the University of Florida is experimenting with enhancing fuel production in a species of pine that is currently used in the paper pulping industry. Pine trees naturally produce around 3-5% terpene content in the woodterpenes are the energy-dense fuel molecules that are the predominant components of turpentine. The team aims to increase the terpene storage potential and production capacity while improving the terpene composition to a point at which the trees could be tapped while alive, like sugar maples. Growth and production from these trees will take years, but this pioneering technology could have significant impact in making available an economical and domestic source of aviation and diesel biofuels.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

61 - 13470 of 31,917 results. 61 - 13470 of 31,917 results. Download Microsoft Word- FAL2004-06.doc http://energy.gov/management/downloads/microsoft-word-fal2004-06doc Download FTCP Face to Face Meeting- September 13, 2011 Meeting hosted by FTCP Chair and FTCP Deputy Chair with FTCP Agents and other FTCP personnel in attendance. Meetings consisted of FAQ Standards updates, FTCP Operational Goals discussion, NTC Activities and guest speaker presentations to FTCP group. http://energy.gov/hss/downloads/ftcp-face-face-meeting-september-13-2011 Download CX-002438: Categorical Exclusion Determination Rocky Reach-Maple Valley Number-1 Transmission Line Bridge Replacement Project CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 05/03/2010 Location(s): Kittitas County, Washington Office(s): Bonneville Power Administration

237

Microsoft PowerPoint - Proceedings Cover Sheets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Dioxide Capture from Flue Gas Using Ionic Liquids Carbon Dioxide Capture from Flue Gas Using Ionic Liquids May 8-11, 2006 * Hilton Alexandria Mark Center * Alexandria, Virginia Joan F. Brennecke, Jessica L. Anderson, JaNeille K. Dixon, Edward J. Maginn Outline * Introduction to ionic liquids (ILs) * ILs for capturing CO 2 from flue gas * IL property-structure solubility relationships * ILs for energy efficient gas separations * Summary Ionic Liquids - a New Kind of Solvent * Organic salts that are liquid at temperatures around ambient * Liquid over a wide range of temperature; hence, can be used as solvents * Demonstrated successes as reaction solvents (olefin dimerization, metathesis, isomerizations, Diels-Alder, Friedel-Crafts alkylations and acylations, hydrogenations, C-C coupling) * Ionic liquids have vanishingly low vapor pressures

238

Awards - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials Sicence Division  

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Awards Awards Awards ACA Bertram E. Warren Award D. Price - 1997 ACCA Programming Competition N. Adams - 2009 - 2nd place Alumni Achievement Awards J. D. Jorgensen - 1992 - Honored Alumnus from Brigham Young University College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences B. J. Kestel (1957) - 1998 - Distinguished Alumni Achievement Award from Joliet Junior College Dieter Gruen - 2001 - Alumni Merit Award from Northwestern University American Academy of Arts and Sciences A. A. Abrikosov - Foreign Honorary Member - 1991 American Physical Society Axel Hoffmann - Fellow - 2012 Alder Award S. Bader - 2007 Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize J. C. Campuzano - 2011 - for physics work in spectroscopy American Vacuum Society S. Bader - 1999 S. Bader - 2001 - John A. Thornton Memorial Award

239

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

51 - 20860 of 28,560 results. 51 - 20860 of 28,560 results. Download CX-008577: Categorical Exclusion Determination Acoustic Monitoring of Beluga Whale Interactions with Cook Inlet Tidal Energy Project CX(s) Applied: B3.3 Date: 07/19/2012 Location(s): Alaska Offices(s): Golden Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-008577-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-008597: Categorical Exclusion Determination Alder Stream Wind Project Feasibility Project CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1 Date: 07/03/2012 Location(s): Maine Offices(s): Golden Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-008597-categorical-exclusion-determination Page EM Recovery Act Performance The Office of Environmental Management's (EM) American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Program recently achieved 74 percent footprint reduction,

240

Property:EIA/861/NercWecc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NercWecc NercWecc Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Nerc Wecc Entity conducts business operations within the WECC region (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/NercWecc" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 3 3 Phases Energy Services + true + A Aguila Irrigation District + true + Ajo Improvement Co + true + Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority + true + Alamo Power District No 3 + true + Alder Mutual Light Co, Inc + true + Arizona Electric Pwr Coop Inc + true + Arizona Power Authority + true + Arizona Public Service Co + true + Arkansas River Power Authority + true + Avista Corp + true + Avista Turbine Power, Inc + true +

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemlock alder maple" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Property:EIA/861/ActivityBuyingTransmission | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ActivityBuyingTransmission ActivityBuyingTransmission Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Activity Buying Transmission Entity buys transmission service (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA/861/ActivityBuyingTransmission" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AEP Texas Central Company + true + AEP Texas North Company + true + AGC Division of APG Inc + true + Adams-Columbia Electric Coop + true + Aguila Irrigation District + true + Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority + true + Alabama Municipal Elec Authority + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Alder Mutual Light Co, Inc + true + Allegheny Electric Coop Inc + true + Ameren Illinois Company + true +

242

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

51 - 23960 of 26,764 results. 51 - 23960 of 26,764 results. Download CX-008597: Categorical Exclusion Determination Alder Stream Wind Project Feasibility Project CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1 Date: 07/03/2012 Location(s): Maine Offices(s): Golden Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-008597-categorical-exclusion-determination Download Sensitivity and Uncertainty Analysis Summary Notes from 15 November 2007 Generic Technical Issue Discussion on Sensitivity and Uncertainty Analysis and Model Support http://energy.gov/em/downloads/sensitivity-and-uncertainty-analysis Download CX-008730: Categorical Exclusion Determination Materials and Fuels Complex Underground and Aboveground Storage Tank Replacement CX(s) Applied: B2.5 Date: 06/07/2012 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office

243

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERlIIINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Penobscot Indian Nation/Penobcot indian Nation Enterprises STATE: ME PROJECT TITLE: Alder Stream Wind Project Feasibility Project Funding Opportunity Announcement Number DE-FOA-0000424 Procurement Instrument Number DE-EEOOO5636 NEPA Control Number elD Number GF()..()()()5636.1 Hued on my review oCthe information concerning tbe proposed action, 115 NEPA Compliance Officer (autborized under DOE Order 4S1.1A), I have made tht following determination: ex, EA, tiS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering, analys is, and dissemination 8 3.1 Site characterization .nd environment al monitoring Information gathering (including, but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories, site visits, and audits). data analysis (including, but not limited to, computer modeling), document preparation (including. but not

244

2012  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 2012 Publications Resulting from the Use of NERSC Resources On their Allocation Year 2013 ERCAP Request Forms Principal Investigators reported 1,952 refereed publications (published or in press) for the preceding 12 months, based on using, at least in part, NERSC resources. Aldering | Greg Scalzo et al., A Search for New Candidate Super-Chandrasekhar-mass Type Ia Supernovae in the Nearby Supernova Factory Data Set, The Astrophysical Roepke et al., Constraining Type Ia Supernova Models: SN 2011fe as a Test Case, The Astrophysical Journal Wang et al., Evidence for Type Ia Supernova Diversity from Ultraviolet Observations with the Hubble Space Telescope, The Astrophysical Journal Fu et al., The Nature of Double-peaked [O III] Active Galactic Nuclei, The Astrophysical Journal

245

Structure and function of Frankia vesicles in dinitrogen fixing actinorhizal plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Frankia, a filamentous bacterium which induces N{sub 2}-fixing root nodules on the roots of a wide range of woody dicotyledonous plants, is the first known actinomycete which fixes dinitrogen when growing in free-living culture. The nitrogenase enzyme is induced in many strains of this organism by withholding fixed nitrogen compounds from its nutrient medium. Our studies have concerned the physiology, biochemistry and structural development of the N{sub 2}-fixing apparatus in Frankia grown in vitro and in root nodules of host plants. Diverse strains of Frankia were isolated and cultured from different host plants and vesicle form and function were studied. Two strains were studied, HFPArI3, an isolate from nodules of the red alder Alnus rubra and HFPCcI3 isolated from root nodules of the tropical tree Casuarina cunninghamiana. The goal was to understand the structure and function which leads to optimum effectiveness for dinitrogen fixation. 13 refs.

Torrey, J.G.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Fisheries Habitat Evaluation on Tributaries of the Coeur d`Alene Indian Reservation : 1990 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ranking criteria were developed to rate 19 tributaries on the Coeur d`Alene Indiana Reservation for potential of habitat enhancement for westslope cutthroat trout, Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi, and bull trout, Salvelinus malma. Cutthroat and bull trout habitat requirements, derived from an extensive literature review of each species, were compared to the physical and biological parameters of each stream observed during an aerial -- helicopter survey. Ten tributaries were selected for further study, using the ranking criteria that were derived. The most favorable ratings were awarded to streams that were located completely on the reservation, displayed highest potential for improvement and enhancement, had no barriers to fish migration, good road access, and a gradient acceptable to cutthroat and bull trout habitation. The ten streams selected for study were Bellgrove, Fighting, Lake, Squaw, Plummer, Little Plummer, Benewah, Alder, Hell`s Gulch and Evans creeks.

Graves, Suzy

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

91.5x122 cm Poster Template  

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2008 2008 www.PosterPresentations.com HST Cluster Supernova Survey Nao Suzuki 1 , G. Aldering 1 , R. Amanullah, K. Barbary 1,2 , L. Barrientos, M. Brodwin, N. Connolly, K. Dawson, R. de Jong, A. Dey, M. Doi, M. Donahue, P. Eisenhardt, E. Ellingson, L. Faccioli 1 , V. Fadeyev, H. Fakhouri 1,2 , A. Fruchter, D. Gilbank, M. Gladders, G. Goldhaber 1,2 , A. Gonzalez, A. Goobar, A. Gude 1,2 , J. Hennawi, H. Hoekstra, E. Hsiao 1 , X. Huang 1,2 , Y. Ihara, B. Jannuzi, M. J. Jee, B. Koester, M. Kowalski 2 , C. Lidman 1 , B. E. Linder 2 , L. Lubin, J. Meyers 12 , T. Morokuma, S. Perlmutter 1,2 , M. Postman, J. Rhodes, P. Rosati 2 , P. Ripoche 1 , D. Rubin 12 , D. Schlegel 1 , A. Spadafora 1 , A. Stanford, D. Stern, N. Yasuda, H. Yee, Supernova Cosmology Project 1 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory,

248

Wind River Watershed Restoration Project; Underwood Conservation District, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of the Wind River project is to preserve, protect and restore Wind River steelhead. In March, 1998, the National Marine Fisheries Service listed the steelhead of the lower Columbia as 'threatened' under the Endangered Species Act. In 1997, the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife rated the status of the Wind River summer run steelhead as critical. Due to the status of this stock, the Wind River summer steelhead have the highest priority for recovery and restoration in the state of Washington's Lower Columbia Steelhead Conservation Initiative. The Wind River Project includes four cooperating agencies. Those are the Underwood Conservation District (UCD), United States Geological Service (USGS), US Forest Service (USFS), and Washington State Department of Fish & Wildlife (WDFW). Tasks include monitoring steelhead populations (USGS and WDFW), Coordinating a Watershed Committee and Technical Advisory Group (UCD), evaluating physical habitat conditions (USFS and UCD), assessing watershed health (all), reducing road sediments sources (USFS), rehabilitating riparian corridors, floodplains, and channel geometry (UCD, USFS), evaluate removal of Hemlock Dam (USFS), and promote local watershed stewardship (UCD, USFS). UCD's major efforts have included coordination of the Wind River Watershed Committee and Technical Advisory Committee (TAC), water temperature and water chemistry monitoring, riparian habitat improvement projects, and educational activities. Our coordination work enables the local Watershed Committee and TAC to function and provide essential input to Agencies, and our habitat improvement work focuses on riparian revegetation. Water chemistry and temperature data collection provide information for monitoring watershed conditions and fish habitat, and are comparable with data gathered in previous years. Water chemistry information collected on Trout Creek should, with 2 years data, determine whether pH levels make conditions favorable for a fish parasite, Heteropolaria lwoffi. Educational activities further the likelihood that future generations will continue to understand and enjoy the presence of native fish stocks in the Wind River basin.

White, Jim

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Process feasibility study in support of silicon material, Task I. Quarterly technical progress report (XVIII), December 1, 1979-February 29, 1980  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Analyses of process system properties were continued for important chemical materials involved in the several processes under consideration for semiconductor and solar cell grade silicon production. Major activities were devoted to physical, thermodynamic and transport property data for silicon. Property data are reported for vapor pressure heat of vaporization, heat of sublimation, liquid heat capacity and solid heat capacity as a function of temperature to permit rapid usage in engineering. Chemical engineering analysis of the HSC process (Hemlock Semiconductor Corporation) for production of silicon was initiated. The process is based on hydrogen reduction of dichlorosilane (DCS) to produce the polysilicon. The chemical vapor deposition reaction for DCS is faster in rate than the conventional process route which utilizes trichlorosilane (TCS) as the silicon raw material. Status and progress are reported for primary activities of base case conditions (30%), reaction chemistry (25%) and process flow diagram (20%). Discussions with HSC and construction of a process flow diagram are in progress. Preliminary economic analysis of the BCL process (case B) was completed. Cost analysis results are presented based on a preliminary process design of a plant to produce 1000 metric tons/year of silicon. Fixed capital investment for the plant is $14.35 million (1980 dollars) and product cost without profit is 11.08 $/kg of silicon (1980 dollars). Cost sensitivity analysis indicate that the product cost is influenced most by plant investment and least by labor. For profitability, a sales price of 14 $/kg (1980 dollars) gives a 14% DCF rate of return on investment after taxes.

Yaws, C.L.; Li, K.Y.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

The Bee Language  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bee Language Bee Language Nature Bulletin No. 337-A March 22, 1969 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE BEE LANGUAGE Man has robbed and exploited the Honeybee since the earliest times of which we have any record. He may have been a bee hunter before he learned to hunt with dogs or made a fire. Eventually he discovered how to coax a swarm into an artificial hive which he could plunder at will. The honeybee, however, never has been completely domesticated. Its proper home is a hollow tree. There were no honeybees in North America until they were brought from Europe by the colonists. "The white man' s fly", as the Indians called it, gradually spread westward, usually a hundred miles or more ahead of the frontier. Wild honey became the most important source of "sweetenin" for the early settlers -- more easily obtained than molasses or than maple sugar. Especially productive were woodlands near the Illinois Prairies with their abundance of flowers.

251

Iron Pots and Kettles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Iron Pots and Kettles Iron Pots and Kettles Nature Bulletin No. 544-A November 16, 1974 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation IRON POTS AND KETTLES At Possum Trot Hill, on US 150 west of Danville, a huge iron kettle squats as a monument to what was once an important industry in Illinois. It is one of 80 used from 1824 to 1831 for boiling down brine from salt springs in that vicinity. Salt was a luxury then. About a bushel was produced from one kettleful (100 gallons) of brine and that was worth more than 100 bushels of oats. Those 80 monsters came from Kentucky where iron works had been established to make the utensils and implements desperately needed by pioneer families. About half of them had come up through the Cumberland Gap, on horseback, with only a rifle, an ax, a pot for cooking, some bedding and the clothes on their backs. Every family, in addition to a skillet or spider, and a Dutch oven, coveted a big kettle for making salt, soap, candles and maple syrup, butchering hogs, rendering lard, boiling clothes on wash day, and dyeing homespun material for garments.

252

Mast  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mast Mast Nature Bulletin No. 355-A October 25, 1969 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation MAST Mast, according to Webster, was an Anglo-Saxon word for the nuts, especially beechnuts, which littered the forest floor and served as food for hogs, deer and grouse. In addition to nuts and acorns, the term is often extended to include the winged seeds of such trees as maple, elm and ash, and even the nuts or seeds of pines -- all eaten by wildlife. Acorns, rich in starch, fat and vitamins, are now most widely available and most commonly eaten. The oily beechnuts on the uplands and pecans in the bottom lands are also important but much less so than in pioneer days. Until about 50 years ago, chestnuts -- now destroyed by a blight from Asia -- were of major importance in eastern United States. Hickory nuts, hazelnuts, walnuts and butternuts, because of their thick hard shells, are eaten principally by squirrels, chipmunks and their kin. In addition to mast, the fruits and berries of gum, cherry, persimmon, hawthorn, crabapple and other trees furnish much food for wildlife; and many shrubs and vines such as wild grape, blueberry and blackberry.

253

Pontotoc Co. Greene Co. Hale Co. OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR COVE  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

COAL D EGAS BLU E CREEK COAL DEGAS BR OOKWOOD C OAL D EGAS ST AR ROBIN SONS BEND COAL D EGAS BLU FF COR INNE MOU NDVILLE COAL D EGAS BLU EGU T CR EEK WH ITE OAK CREEK COAL DEGAS BEAVERT ON BLU FF FAYETTE W SN EAD S CREEK SPLU NGE PAR HAM N MUSGR OVE CR EEK MCCRAC KEN MOU NTAIN DAVIS C HAPEL BAC ON BLOOMING GROVE MT Z ION FAIRVIEW JASPER BLOWHORN CREEK MAPLE BRAN CH KEN NEDY COAL F IRE CR EEK MCGEE LAKE SILOAM MILLPOR T FERNBANK DAVIS C HAPEL NE DETROIT E BEANS F ERRY LEXIN GT ON PET ERSON COAL D EGAS CALEDONIA ABERD EEN HOL T COAL D EGAS MULDON ELD RIDGE MCKINLEY CREEK TREBLOC HEARTLIN E SH ANNON TROY_MS_D BOXES CREEK WISE GAP NOR THSID E TREMONT VAN VLEET HOL LY BET HEL CHU RCH ABERD EEN S ST RONG BAN KST ON MOLLOY WR EN COR INTH WELLS THORN REID REID HOU STON ST AR DEERLICK CREEK COAL D EGAS OAK GROVE COAL D EGAS BIG SANDY CREEK COAL D EGAS MABEN LITT LE SAND Y CREEK COAL D

254

Pontotoc Co. Greene Co. Hale Co. OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR COVE COAL DEGAS  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

COAL DEGAS COAL DEGAS BLU E CREEK COAL DEGAS BR OOKWOOD C OAL D EGAS ST AR ROBIN SONS BEND COAL DEGAS BLU FF COR INNE MOU NDVILLE COAL DEGAS BLU EGU T CR EEK WH ITE OAK CREEK COAL DEGAS BEAVERT ON BLU FF FAYETTE W SN EAD S CREEK SPLU NGE PAR HAM N MUSGR OVE CR EEK MCCRAC KEN MOU NTAIN DAVIS C HAPEL BAC ON BLOOMING GROVE MT Z ION FAIRVIEW JASPER BLOWHORN CREEK MAPLE BRAN CH KEN NEDY COAL F IRE CR EEK MCGEE LAKE SILOAM MILLPOR T FERNBANK DAVIS C HAPEL NE DETROIT E BEANS F ERRY LEXIN GT ON PET ERSON COAL DEGAS CALEDONIA ABERD EEN HOL T COAL DEGAS MULDON ELD RIDGE MCKINLEY CREEK TREBLOC HEARTLIN E SH ANNON TROY_MS_D BOXES CREEK WISE GAP NOR THSID E TREMONT VAN VLEET HOL LY BET HEL CHU RCH ABERD EEN S ST RONG BAN KST ON MOLLOY WR EN COR INT H WELLS THORN REID REID HOU STON ST AR DEERLICK CR EEK C OAL DEGAS OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS BIG SANDY C REEK COAL D EGAS MABEN LITT LE SAND Y CREEK COAL DEGAS

255

Aphids  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aphids Aphids Nature Bulletin No. 421-A May 29, 1971 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation APHIDS Aphids, or Plant Lice, are tiny defenseless insects that have soft bodies but needle-like beaks with which they puncture plants and suck the sap. They weaken or even kill many plants and also may infect them with virus, bacterial or fungus diseases. Aphids, unless controlled, multiply enormously and cause serious damage in orchards, vineyards, truck farms, gardens greenhouses, and field crops such as corn, cotton, small grains, clover and alfalfa. There are hundreds of species of aphids distributed over the world and there is scarcely a kind of plant, wild or cultivated, that is not infested by one or more kinds of plant lice. Some feed on stems and leaves, some on the roots, and some on both. Others feed on buds, and a few -- like the Hickory Aphid which infests hickory, maple and other forest trees -- feed on bark underneath the limbs. The hickory aphid is about one-quarter of an inch long, and one of the largest, but most kinds are about the size of a pinhead: less than one-twentieth of an inch in length. Most species are green but many are pink, white, brown or blackish. The woolly aphids, which feed on apple, pear, hawthorn and elm trees, are reddish or purplish but cover themselves with a cottony white secretion of wax.

256

Environmental Biology | Biosciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Elevated CO2 and O3 effects on Carbon demand Elevated CO2 and O3 effects on Carbon demand BIO Home Page About BIO News Releases Research Publications People Contact Us Organization Chart Site Index Inside BIO BIO Safety About Argonne Elevated CO2 and O3 effects on Carbon demand of the Extramatrical Mycorrhizal Fungal Network Contact: R. Michael Miller (rmmiller@anl.gov) We are evaluating the interactive effects of elevated CO2 and O3 on the sequential growth and allocation of both ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF) and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) associated with quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides), paper birch (Betula papyrifera), and sugar maple (Acer saccharum) at the Aspen FACE site. The Aspen FACE approach consists of 30 m diameter rings of gas-dispensing pipes that allow us to fumigate intact forest canopies with atmospheric pollutants and study the interaction of plants, soils and atmosphere (http://aspenface.mtu.edu/index.html). We have used several different approaches to quantifying treatment effects on the mycorrhizal fungal network, especially how host responses influence root associated colonization and extramatrical hyphal (EMH) production and symbiotic benefit. Over the last six years we have been developing and improving upon methods to better quantify root associated mycorrhizal fungal biomass and EMH production and standing crop. Because both AMF and EMF play a significant role in the system of study we also have had to develop a means of separating the production of these different mycorrhizae, especially quantification of the EMH.

257

Seed Dispersal  

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Seed Dispersal Seed Dispersal Nature Bulletin No. 35 October 6, 1945 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Clayton F, Smith, President Roberts Mann, Superintendent of Conservation SEED DISPERSAL Plants have various ways of spreading their seeds. Some have "fly-away" seeds. Included are the dandelion, thistle, tumbleweed, cattail, clematis, and many trees. The cottonwood, sycamore, aspen, linden, ailanthus, maple, box elder, birch and the pines are all trees having seeds with wings or with "down", that are carried by winds. Certain aquatic plants have seeds that sink to bury themselves in.the mud beneath the water. Others have seeds that float and are distributed by the winds and currents that carry them away. Many plants "shoot" their seeds, the seed pods popping open with sufficient force to throw the seeds many feet away, Notable in this group are knotgrass, lady slippers, violets, vetches, jewel weed, witch- hazel, and Heavea, the Para rubber tree, The witch-hazel may shoot its seeds 30 or 40 feet.

258

ANL progress in minimizing effects of LEU conversion on calcination of fission-product {sup 99}Mo acid waste solution.  

SciTech Connect

A partnership between Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), MDS Nordion (MDSN), Atomic Energy Canada Limited (AECL) and SGN (France) has addressed the conversion of the MAPLE Reactor 99Mo production process from high-enriched uranium (HEU) targets to low-enriched uranium (LEU) targets. One effect of the conversion would be to increase the amount of solid uranium waste five-fold; we have worked to minimize the effect of the additional waste on the overall production process and, in particular, solid waste storage. Two processes were investigated for the treatment of the uranium-rich acidic waste solution: direct calcination, and oxalate precipitation as a prelude to calcination. Direct calcination generates a dense UO3 solid that should allow a significantly greater amount of uranium in one waste container than is planned for the HEU process, but doing so results in undesirable sputtering. These results suggest that direct calcination could be adapted for use with LEU targets without a large effect on the uranium waste treatment procedures. The oxalate-calcination generates a lower-density granular U3O8 product; sputtering is not significant during calcination of the uranyl oxalate precipitate. A physical means to densify the product would need to be developed to increase the amount of uranium in each waste container. Future work will focus on the specific chemical reactions that occur during the direct and oxalate calcination processes.

Bakel, A.; Vandegrift, G.; Quigley, K.; Aase, S.; Neylon, M.; Carney, K.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

How environmental conditions affect canopy leaf-level photosynthesis in four deciduous tree species  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Species composition of temperate forests vary with successional age and seems likely to change in response to significant global climate change. Because photosynthesis rates in co-occurring tree species can differ in their sensitivity to environmental conditions, these changes in species composition are likely to alter the carbon dynamics of temperate forests. To help improve their understanding of such atmosphere-biosphere interactions, the authors explored changes in leaf-level photosynthesis in a 60--70 yr old temperate mixed-deciduous forest in Petersham, Massachusetts (USA). Diurnally and seasonally varying environmental conditions differentially influenced in situ leaf-level photosynthesis rates in the canopies of four mature temperate deciduous tree species: red oak (Quercus rubra), red maple (Acer rubrum), white birch (Betula papyrifera), and yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis). The authors measured in situ photosynthesis at two heights within the canopies through a diurnal time course on 7 d over two growing seasons. They simultaneously measured a suite of environmental conditions surrounding the leaf at the time of each measurement. The authors used path analysis to examine the influence of environmental factors on in situ photosynthesis in the tree canopies.

Bassow, S.L.; Bazzaz, F.A. [Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Sorghums  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sorghums Sorghums Nature Bulletin No. 353-A October 11, 1969 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation SORGHUMS Sorghum, to many people, means a crop grown solely for making molasses. In pioneer days when salt was scarce and sugar or "short sweetenin" was scarcer, people depended upon wild honey, or maple sugar and syrup, and especially upon sorghum, or "long sweetenin", to flavor their food. Most backwoods settlers had a "cane" patch. Now, only about one percent of our crop of sorghums is grown for that purpose, chiefly in Tennessee. In autumn, before its seed heads were ripe, the sorghum was cut. The stalks, stripped of their leaves and heads, were hauled to a local mill and shredded in a contraption operated by waterpower or by a mule that plodded endlessly around it at the end of a long pole. The sweet juice so extracted was then boiled down to a thick syrup, frequently dark and slightly bitter, which the farmer took home in "stone" jugs. These primitive mills still operate in the hills of southern Indiana and Illinois, Tennessee, and the southeastern states.

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261

LBNL-41172 Discovery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1172 1172 Discovery of a Supernova Explosion at Half the Age of the Universe and its Cosmological Implications S. Perlmutter, G. Aldering, M. Della Valle, S. Deustua, R. S. Ellis, S. Fabbro, A. Fruchter, G. Goldhaber, A. Goobar, D. E. Groom, 1. M. Hook, A. G. Kim, M. Y. Kim, R.A. Knop, C. Lidman, R. G. McMahon, P. Nugent, R. Pain, N. Panagia, C. R. Pennypacker, P. Ruiz-Lapuente, B. Schaefer & N. Walton (The Supernova Cosmology Project) This work was supported in part by the Director, Office of Science, Office of High Energy Physics, of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. DISCLAIMER This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their

262

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determinations By Date | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3, 2012 3, 2012 CX-008412: Categorical Exclusion Determination Alabama-County-Calhoun CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B2.5, B5.1 Date: 07/03/2012 Location(s): Alabama Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy July 3, 2012 CX-008576: Categorical Exclusion Determination Feasibility of Tidal and Ocean Current Energy in False Pass, Aleutian Islands, Alaska CX(s) Applied: A9, B5.25 Date: 07/03/2012 Location(s): Alaska Offices(s): Golden Field Office July 3, 2012 CX-008597: Categorical Exclusion Determination Alder Stream Wind Project Feasibility Project CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.1 Date: 07/03/2012 Location(s): Maine Offices(s): Golden Field Office July 3, 2012 CX-008430: Categorical Exclusion Determination Texas-City-Grapevine CX(s) Applied: A9, B1.32, B2.5, B3.6, B5.1, B5.16, B5.17

263

A hybrid particle-continuum method for hydrodynamics of complex fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A previously-developed hybrid particle-continuum method [J. B. Bell, A. Garcia and S. A. Williams, SIAM Multiscale Modeling and Simulation, 6:1256-1280, 2008] is generalized to dense fluids and two and three dimensional flows. The scheme couples an explicit fluctuating compressible Navier-Stokes solver with the Isotropic Direct Simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) particle method [A. Donev and A. L. Garcia and B. J. Alder, ArXiv preprint 0908.0510]. To achieve bidirectional dynamic coupling between the particle (microscale) and continuum (macroscale) regions, the continuum solver provides state-based boundary conditions to the particle subdomain, while the particle solver provides flux-based boundary conditions for the continuum subdomain. The equilibrium diffusive (Brownian) motion of a large spherical bead suspended in a particle fluid is examined, demonstrating that the hybrid method correctly reproduces the velocity autocorrelation function of the bead but only if thermal fluctuations are included in the continuum solver. Finally, the hybrid is applied to the well-known adiabatic piston problem and it is found that the hybrid correctly reproduces the slow non-equilibrium relaxation of the piston toward thermodynamic equilibrium but, again, only the continuum solver includes stochastic (white-noise) flux terms. These examples clearly demonstrate the need to include fluctuations in continuum solvers employed in hybrid multiscale methods.

A. Donev; J. B. Bell; A. L. Garcia; B. J. Alder

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

264

In-beam studies of high-spin states of actinide nuclei  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-spin states in the actinides have been studied using Coulomb- excitation, inelastic excitation reactions, and one-neutron transfer reactions. Experimental data are presented for states in {sup 232}U, {sup 233}U, {sup 234}U, {sup 235}U, {sup 238}Pu and {sup 239}Pu from a variety of reactions. Energy levels, moments-of-inertia, aligned angular momentum, Routhians, gamma-ray intensities, and cross-sections are presented for most cases. Additional spectroscopic information (magnetic moments, M{sub 1}/E{sub 2} mixing ratios, and g-factors) is presented for {sup 233}U. One- and two-neutron transfer reaction mechanisms and the possibility of band crossings (backbending) are discussed. A discussion of odd-A band fitting and Cranking calculations is presented to aid in the interpretation of rotational energy levels and alignment. In addition, several theoretical calculations of rotational populations for inelastic excitation and neutron transfer are compared to the data. Intratheory comparisons between the Sudden Approximation, Semi-Classical, and Alder-Winther-DeBoer methods are made. In connection with the theory development, the possible signature for the nuclear SQUID effect is discussed. 98 refs., 61 figs., 21 tabs.

Stoyer, M.A. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA). Nuclear Science Div. California Univ., Berkeley, CA (USA). Dept. of Chemistry)

1990-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

265

Oct  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

510447 510447 v1 14 Oct 2005 Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. cosmo October 14, 2005 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later) The Supernova Legacy Survey: Measurement of Ω M , Ω Λ and w from the First Year Data Set ⋆ P. Astier 1 , J. Guy 1 , N. Regnault 1 , R. Pain 1 , E. Aubourg 2,3 , D. Balam 4 , S. Basa 5 , R.G. Carlberg 6 , S. Fabbro 7 , D. Fouchez 8 , I.M. Hook 9 , D.A. Howell 6 , H. Lafoux 3 , J.D. Neill 4 , N. Palanque-Delabrouille 3 , K. Perrett 6 , C.J. Pritchet 4 , J. Rich 3 , M. Sullivan 6 , R. Taillet 1,10 , G. Aldering 11 , P. Antilogus 1 , V. Arsenijevic 7 , C. Balland 1,2 , S. Baumont 1,12 , J. Bronder 9 , H. Courtois 13 , R.S. Ellis 14 , M. Filiol 5 , A.C. Gonc ¸alves 15 , A. Goobar 16 , D. Guide 1 , D. Hardin 1 , V. Lusset 3 , C. Lidman 12 , R. McMahon 17 , M. Mouchet 15,2 , A. Mourao 7 , S. Perlmutter 11,18 , P. Ripoche 8 , C. Tao 8 , N. Walton 17 1 LPNHE, CNRS-IN2P3 and Universit´ es Paris VI & VII, 4 place Jussieu, 75252

266

hst-2001_arXiv.dvi  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to to ApJ: April 9, 2010 Preprint typeset using L A T E X style emulateapj v. 2/16/10 SPECTRA AND HST LIGHT CURVES OF SIX TYPE IA SUPERNOVAE AT 0.511 < Z < 1.12 AND THE Union2 COMPILATION ∗ R. Amanullah 1,2 , C. Lidman 2 , D. Rubin 4,6 , G. Aldering 4 , P. Astier 5 , K. Barbary 4,6 , M. S. Burns 7 , A. Conley 8 , K. S. Dawson 24 , S. E. Deustua 9 , M. Doi 10 , S. Fabbro 11 , L. Faccioli 4,12 , H. K. Fakhouri 4,6 , G. Folatelli 13 , A. S. Fruchter 9 , H. Furusawa 26 , G. Garavini 1 , G. Goldhaber 4,6 , A. Goobar 1,2 , D. E. Groom 4 , I. Hook 14,25 , D. A. Howell 3,22 , N. Kashikawa 26 , A. G. Kim 4 , R. A. Knop 15 , M. Kowalski 23 , E. Linder 12 , J. Meyers 4,6 , T. Morokuma 26,27 , S. Nobili 1,2 , J. Nordin 1,2 , P. E. Nugent 4 , L. ¨ Ostman 1,2 , R. Pain 5 , N. Panagia 9,17,18 , S. Perlmutter 4,6 , J. Raux 5 , P. Ruiz-Lapuente 16 , A. L. Spadafora 4 , M. Strovink 4,6 , N. Suzuki 4 , L. Wang 19 , W. M. Wood-Vasey 20 , N. Yasuda 21 (The Supernova Cosmology Project)

267

collab meeting-5-1_split.xls  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Zeroth order agenda Zeroth order agenda SNAP Collaboration Meeting 6, 7, and 8 June, 2005 Plenary 9:00am SNAP Progress (30) Saul/Levi Project Status (30) Heetderks CCD development Holland 10:30am Break (30) 11:00am CCD assembly Baltay NIR development Tarle Focal Plane Bebek Telescope/ TMA-68 Lampton 12:30pm Lunch (90) 2:00pm Dark Energy Task Force (15) Cahn SDT Panel Discussion (30) Baltay SN Factory (30) Aldering Computing (30) McKee 3:30pm Break (30) 4:00pm Electronics Hvd Lippe Calibration Deustua Spectrograph Demo Ealet 6:00pm reception @ Henry's Monday Tuesday Parallel 1 Parallel 2 Parallel 3 NIR 1 Tarle W / L, Simulation, & LSST Sim Team Rhodes Tests of Raytheon HgCdTe SRA #141(15+3) Brown Tests of Rockwell Banded Array FPA#25 (15+3) Schubnell NIR Detector Noise (15+3) Smith GSFC (10+2) Woodgate Status of InGaAs Testing at JPL(10+2)

268

Surface-Initiated Titanium-Mediated Coordination Polymerization from Catalyst-Functionalized Single and Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Single (SWNTs) and multiwalled (MWNTs) carbon nanotubes were functionalized with a titanium alkoxide catalyst through a Diels-Alder cycloaddition reaction. The catalyst-functionalized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were used for the surface initiated titanium-mediated coordination polymerizations of L-lactide (L-LA), -caprolactone (-CL) and n-hexyl isocyanate (HIC) employing the grafting from technique. 1H NMR, IR and Raman spectra showed that the precursor catalyst was successfully synthesized and covalently attached on the CNTs surface. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) revealed that the grafted poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) content could be controlled with time. The final polymer-grafted CNTs were readily dissolved in organic solvents as compared to the insoluble pristine and catalyst-functionalized CNTs. The presence of thick layers of polymers around the CNTs was observed through transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) proved that the glass transition (Tg) and melting (Tm) temperatures of the PLLA are affected by the presence of the CNTs, while PLLA R-helix conformation remains intact, as revealed by the circular dichroism (CD) spectra.

Priftis, Dimitrios [ORNL; Petzetakis, Nikolaos [University of Athens, Athens, Greece; Sakellariou, Georgios [ORNL; Pitsikalis, Marinos [ORNL; Baskaran, Durairaj [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Hadjichristidis, Nikos [University of Athens, Athens, Greece

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Polymer Grafted Janus Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a novel and facile strategy to modify the surface of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with two chemically different polymer brushes utilizing the grafting from technique. A [4 + 2] Diels Alder cycloaddition reaction was used to functionalize multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) with two different precursor initiators, one for ring opening polymerization (ROP) and one for atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). The binary functionalized MWNTs were used for the simultaneous surface initiated polymerizations of different monomers resulting in polymer grafted MWNTs that can form Janus type structures under appropriate conditions. 1H NMR, FTIR and Raman spectra showed that the precursor initiators were successfully synthesized and covalently attached on the CNT surface. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) revealed that the grafted polymer content varies when different monomer ratios and polymerization times are used. The presence of an organic layer around the CNTs was observed through transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) proved that the glass transition (Tg) and melting (Tm) temperatures of the grafted polymers are affected by the presence of the CNTs, while circular dichroism (CD) spectra indicated that the PLLA ahelix conformation remains intact.

Priftis, Dimitrios [ORNL; Sakellariou, Georgios [ORNL; Baskaran, Durairaj [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Hadjichristidis, Nikos [University of Athens, Athens, Greece

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Wildlife Protection, Mitigation, and Enhancement Planning Phase I, Dworshak Reservoir, Final Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Under direction of the Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act of 1980, and the subsequent Northwest Power Planning Council's Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program, impacts to wildlife due to the development and operation of the US Army Corps of Engineers Dworshak Project have been examined. Using existing information, it has been determined that the project has resulted in the loss of 15,316 acres of elk habitat, 15,286 acres of white-tailed deer habitat, 16,986 acres of black bear habitat, 14,776 acres of ruffed grouse habitat, 13,616 acres of pileated woodpecker habitat, and 66 acres of yellow warbler habitat (scrub-shrub/red alder). Acreages of mallard, Canada goose, river otter, and beaver habitat could not be determined from existing information. The interagency work group has recommended that a HEP (Habitat Evaluation Procedure) be used to determine changes in the quantity and quality of target species habitat in the study area, due to the development and operation of Dworshak Reservoir. 60 refs., 3 figs., 6 tabs.

Hansen, H. Jerome

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Tetraalkyl- and dialkyl-substituted BEDT-TTF derivatives and their cation-radical salts : synthesis, structure, and properties.  

SciTech Connect

Tetraalkyl and dialkyl derivatives, where alkyl=ethyl and propyl, of the organic electron donor molecule bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene, BEDT-TTF or ET, have been synthesized via the Diels-Alder approach. Several cation-radical salts of these new donors have been prepared and structurally characterized, and found to contain donor molecules in nominally higher oxidation states (+1, +1.5 and +2) than the typically observed oxidation state of +0.5 in BEDT-TTF salts. The higher solubility of the tetraalkyl and dialkyl derivatives in solvents used for crystal growth is proposed as the principal reason for this finding. Surprisingly, X-ray crystallographic studies reveal that the alkyl groups in the neutral tetraethyl-ET as well as the oxidized tetraethyl-ET and diethyl-ET molecules in their cation-radical salts adopt axial configurations, rather than the expected equatorial configurations. Electrical properties of the cation-radical salts have been found to be either insulating or semiconducting, consistent with the higher oxidation states of the donor molecules in the salts and the crystal structures.

Kini, A. M.; Parakka, J. P.; Geiser, U.; Wang, H.-H.; Rivas, F.; DiNino, E.; Thomas, S.; Dudek, J. D.; Williams, J. M.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Structure and function of Frankia vesicles in dinitrogen fixation by actinorhizal plants. Final report, April 1, 1982-March 31, 1984  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Frankia, a filamentous bacterium which induces N/sub 2/-fixing root nodules on the roots of a wide range of woody dicotyledonous plants, is the first known actinomycete which fixes dinitrogen when growing in free-living culture. The nitrogenase enzyme is induced in many strains of this organism by withholding fixed nitrogen compounds from its nutrient medium. Terminal swellings of the bacterial filaments develop rapidly and acetylene reduction activity (= nitrogenase) increases in proportion to the number of terminal vesicles formed. The induction of vesicles and establishment of acetylene reduction occurs under aerobic conditions, and the evidence is accumulating which demonstrates the existence of a multilaminate vesicle envelope which serves as a physical barrier protecting the oxygen-labile nitrogenase from denaturation. Our studies are concerned with the physiology, biochemistry and structural development of the N/sub 2/-fixing apparatus in Frankia grown in vitro and in root nodules of host plants. Diverse strains of Frankia are under study isolated and cultured from different host plants. Two strains have been studied, especially HFPArI3, an isolate from nodules of the red alder Alnus rubra, and HFPCcI3, isolated from root nodules of the tropical tree Casuarina cunninghamiana. The goal is to understand the structure and function which leads to optimum effectiveness for dinitrogen fixation. 9 refs.

Torrey, J.G.

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Synthesis of (plus or minus) [5-{sup 3}H] N'-Nitrosoanatabine, a tobacco-specific nitrosamine  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Tobacco-specific N'-nitrosamines (TSNA) are a unique class of systemic organ-specific carcinogens. The TSNA are formed by N-nitrosation of nicotine and of the minor tobacco alkaloids after harvesting of tobacco and during smoking. The N-nitrosation of anatabine leads to N'-nitrosoanatabine (NAT; 1-nitroso-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-2,3'-bipyridyl) which requires in-depth assays in laboratory animals other than the rat. Furthermore, delineation of its tissue distribution and metabolism is needed for structure:activity comparisons with other TSNA and for the assessment of potential human risk from this TSNA. We have, therefore, synthesized (+)[5-3H]NAT. 5-Bromo-3-pyridine-carboxaldehyde was condensed with ethyl carbamate prior to Diels-Alder reaction with 1,4-butadiene to give the racemic anatabine ring system. Hydrolysis followed by reduction with LiAlT4 and nitrosation, led to (+)[5-3H]NAT (60 percent yield, specific activity 266 mCi/mmol, radiochemical purity of >99 percent).

Desai, Dhimant; Lin, Guoying; Morimoto, Hiromi; Williams, Philip G.; El-Bayoumy, Karam; Amin, Shantu

2002-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

274

Modifying woody plants for efficient conversion to liquid and gaseous fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Short Rotation Woody Crop Program (SRWCP), Department of Energy, is developing woody plant species as sources of renewable energy. Much progress has been made in identifying useful species, and testing site adaptability, stand densities, coppicing abilities, rotation lengths, and harvesting systems. Conventional plant breeding and intensive cultural practices have been used to increase above-ground biomass yields. Given these and foreseeable accomplishments, program leaders are now shifting attention to prospects for altering biomass physical and chemical characteristics, and to ways for improving the efficiency with which biomass can be converted to gaseous and liquid fuels. This report provides a review and synthesis of literature concerning the quantity and quality of such characteristics and constituents, and opportunities for manipulating them via conventional selection and breeding and/or molecular biology. Species now used by SRWCP are emphasized, with supporting information drawn from others as needed. Little information was found on silver maple (Acer saccharinum), but general comparisons (Isenberg 1981) suggest composition and behavior similar to those of the other species. Where possible, conclusions concerning means for and feasibility of manipulation are given, along with expected impacts on conversion efficiency. Information is also provided on relationships to other traits, genotype X environment interactions, and potential trade-offs or limitations. Biomass productivity per se is not addressed, except in terms of effects that may by caused by changes in constituent quality and/or quantity. Such effects are noted to the extent they are known or can be estimated. Likely impacts of changes, however effected, on suitability or other uses, e.g., pulp and paper manufacture, are notes. 311 refs., 4 figs., 9 tabs.

Dinus, R.J.; Dimmel, D.R.; Feirer, R.P.; Johnson, M.A.; Malcolm, E.W. (Institute of Paper Science and Technology, Atlanta, GA (USA))

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Dual Layer Monolith ATR of Pyrolysis Oil for Distributed Synthesis Gas Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have successfully demonstrated a novel reactor technology, based on BASF dual layer monolith catalyst, for miniaturizing the autothermal reforming of pyrolysis oil to syngas, the second and most critical of the three steps for thermochemically converting biomass waste to liquid transportation fuel. The technology was applied to aged as well as fresh samples of pyrolysis oil derived from five different biomass feedstocks, namely switch-grass, sawdust, hardwood/softwood, golden rod and maple. Optimization of process conditions in conjunction with innovative reactor system design enabled the minimization of carbon deposit and control of the H2/CO ratio of the product gas. A comprehensive techno-economic analysis of the integrated process using in part, experimental data from the project, indicates (1) net energy recovery of 49% accounting for all losses and external energy input, (2) weight of diesel oil produced as a percent of the biomass to be ~14%, and (3) for a â??demonstrationâ?? size biomass to Fischer-Tropsch liquid plant of ~ 2000 daily barrels of diesel, the price of the diesel produced is ~$3.30 per gallon, ex. tax. However, the extension of catalyst life is critical to the realization of the projected economics. Catalyst deactivation was observed and the modes of deactivation, both reversible and irreversible were identified. An effective catalyst regeneration strategy was successfully demonstrated for reversible catalyst deactivation while a catalyst preservation strategy was proposed for preventing irreversible catalyst deactivation. Future work should therefore be focused on extending the catalyst life, and a successful demonstration of an extended (> 500 on-stream hours) catalyst life would affirm the commercial viability of the process.

Lawal, Adeniyi [Stevens Institute of Technology, Castle Point Hoboken NJ 07030

2012-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

276

Overcoming the Recalcitrance of Cellulosic Biomass by Value Prior to Pulping: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-07-221  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Value Prior to Pulping (VPP) project goal was to demonstrate the technical and commercial feasibility of introducing a new value stream into existing pulp and paper mills. Essentially the intent was to transfer the energy content of extracted hemicellulose from electricity and steam generated in the recovery boiler to a liquid transportation fuel. The hemicellulose fraction was extracted prior to pulping, fractionated, or conditioned if necessary, and fermented to ethanol. Commercial adaptation of the process to wood hemicelluloses was a prerequisite for using this less currently valued component available from biomass and wood. These hemicelluloses are predominately glucurono-xylan in hardwoods and galactoglucomannan in softwoods (with a significant softwood component of an arabino-xylan) and will yield fermentation substrates different from cellulose. NREL provided its expertise in the area of fermentation host evaluation using its Zymomonas strains on the CleanTech Partner's (CTP) VPP project. The project was focused on the production of fuel ethanol and acetic acid from hemicellulose streams generated from wood chips of industrially important hardwood and softwood species. NREL was one of four partners whose ethanologen was tested on the hydrolyzed extracts. The use of commercially available enzymes to treat oligomeric sugar extracts was also investigated and coupled with fermentation. Fermentations by NREL were conducted with the Zymomonas mobilis organism with most of the work being performed with the 8b strain. The wood extracts hydrolyzed and/or fermented by NREL were those derived from maple, mixed southern hardwoods, and loblolly pine. An unhydrolyzed variant of the mixed southern hardwood extract possessed a large concentration of oligomeric sugars and enzymatic hydrolysis was performed with a number of enzymes, followed by fermentation. The fermentation of the wood extracts was carried out at bench scale in flasks or small bioreactors, with a maximum volume of 500 mL.

Lowell, A.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Effect Of Solid Phase Organic Substrate Characteristics On Sulfate Reducer Activity And Metal Removal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. This paper is a progress report on studies whose objectives are to determine methods of analysis that will rate metal sorption and sulfate reduction activity of organic materials for use in passive treatment systems (PTS). Substrates tested include agricultural residues (alfalfa pellets, sugar beat pulp pellets, brewery waste, corncobs, and walnut hulls), inoculums (dairy manure and wetland inoculum), and a variety woods (maple, oak, pine, poplar, and walnut). Characteristics targeted include moisture, organic and nutrient content; water, ethanol and acid soluble and insoluble fractions and metal sorption capacity. The short-term and long-term effects of organic substrate characteristics on metal removal and sulfate reduction rate are being evaluated in batch and column experiments receiving mine water. These data are not presented in this paper but will be included in the oral presentation. Measured values of moisture and organic content ranged from 5.5 to 65 % and 7.4 to 95 % relative to raw sample weights, respectively. The water-soluble fractions and protein content ranged from 0 to 32 % and 2 to 23 % relative to dried samples, respectively. Low concentration zinc sorption studies were described well by Freundlich isotherms. Using a wider range of concentrations, manganese sorption to substrates was more closely modeled by Langmuir isotherms. The highest manganese sorption was observed for manure, corncobs, walnut hulls and wetland inoculum (8-13 mg Mn / gram substrate at an equilibrium concentration (Ce) = 50 mg/L Mn). Corncobs and walnut hulls can be included in substrate specifications to target manganese removal. Moisture and organic content are important parameters in the specification of organic substrates as a significant portion of the raw organic substrate weight can be inorganic. A high soluble fraction should correlate with a rapid startup of SRB activity and thus is an important element in substrate specification. All substrates have some capacity for metal sorption and their quantification is essential for use in PTS.

J. Seyler; L. Figueroa; D. Ahmann; T. R. Wildeman; M. Robustelli

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Recrossing and Heavy-atom Tunneling in Common Organic Reactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-statistical recrossing in ketene cycloadditions with alkenes, heavy-atom tunneling and the mechanism of the decarboxylation of Mandelylthiamin is investigated in this dissertation. A combination of experimental kinetic isotope effects and theoretical models and kinetic isotope effects is utilized for this endeavor. This dissertation also describes how the use of quasiclassical dynamic trajectories, microcanonical RRKM calculations, and canonical variational transition state theory in combination with small-curvature tunneling approximations is utilized to help advance our research methodology to better understand mechanism. In the cycloaddition of dichloroketene with cis-2-butene, significant amounts of recrossing is observed using quasiclassical dynamic trajectories. An unusual inverse 13C intramolecular KIE lead us to investigate the role that heavy atoms play in non-statistical recrossing. More importantly, this discovery has uncovered a new phenomena of entropic intermediates that not only applies to ketene cycloadditions, but can also be applicable to other "concerted" reactions such as Diels-Alder reactions. The ring-opening of cyclopropylcarbinyl radical has revealed that heavy-atom tunneling plays a major role. The intramolecular 13C kinetic isotope effects for the ring-opening of cyclopropylcarbinyl radical were unprecedentedly large and in combination with theoretical predictions and multidimensional tunneling corrections, the role of tunneling in this reaction can be better understood. The mechanism decarboxylation of mandelylthiamin has been extensively studied in the literature. However, until the use of theoretically predicted KIEs and theoretical binding motifs the rate-limiting step of this reaction has been hotly debated. In this dissertation, a discussion of how the theoretical KIEs indicate the initial C-C bond as the rate-limiting step and chelating binding motifs of pyridinium and mandelylthiamin to explain the observed catalysis is given.

James, Ollie

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Wildlife Inventory, Craig Mountain, Idaho.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wildlife distribution/abundance were studied at this location during 1993 and 1994 to establish the baseline as part of the wildlife mitigation agreement for construction of Dworshak reservoir. Inventory efforts were designed to (1) document distribution/abundance of 4 target species: pileated woodpecker, yellow warbler, black-capped chickadee, and river otter, (2) determine distribution/abundance of rare animals, and (3) determine presence and relative abundance of all other species except deer and elk. 201 wildlife species were observed during the survey period; most were residents or used the area seasonally for breeding or wintering. New distribution or breeding records were established for at least 6 species. Pileated woodpeckers were found at 35% of 134 survey points in upland forests; estimated densities were 0-0.08 birds/ha, averaging 0.02 birds/ha. Yellow warblers were found in riparian areas and shrubby draws below 3500 ft elev., and were most abundant in white alder plant communities (ave. est. densities 0.2-2. 1 birds/ha). Black-capped chickadees were found in riparian and mixed tall shrub vegetation at all elevations (ave. est. densities 0-0.7 birds/ha). River otters and suitable otter denning and foraging habitat were observed along the Snake and Salmon rivers. 15 special status animals (threatened, endangered, sensitive, state species of special concern) were observed at Craig Mt: 3 amphibians, 1 reptile, 8 birds, 3 mammals. Another 5 special status species potentially occur (not documented). Ecosystem-based wildlife management issues are identified. A monitoring plant is presented for assessing effects of mitigation activities.

Cassirer, E. Frances

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Toward the Total Synthesis of Norzoanthamine: The Development of a Transannular Michael Reaction Cascade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Norzoanthamine is a complex heptacyclic marine alkaloid isolated from colonial zoanthids. It potently inhibits loss of bone weight and strength in a postmenopausal osteoporosis mouse model, but its mode-of-action remains unknown. The scarcity of this natural product from its natural source and the need to access analogs for structure-activity relationship (SAR) study make it necessary to chemically synthesize this compound. However, the complex molecular skeleton, especially the highly functionalized and stereochemically complex ABC core structure of the natural product poses a significant challenge. As part of our efforts to develop a practical synthetic route to norzoanthamine, we systematically explored a transannular Michael reaction cascade in the context of the synthesis of angular 6-6-6 tricyclic ring system, a mimic of the ABC core structure of norzoanthamine. Using 1,7-bis-enones in the form of 14-membered macrocyclic lactone as model substrates, we demonstrated that both E,Z- and E,E-macrocycles underwent facile transannular reactions to give cis-syn-cis and trans-anti-trans ring systems, respectively. However, Z,E- and Z,Z- macrocycles did not cyclize under similar reactions. The similarities and differences between transannular Diels-Alder reactions and this transannular cyclization process were also disclosed. Building upon these preliminary studies, we developed a 12-linear step synthesis of the ABC carbocyclic core of norzoanthamine. It features an organocatalytic asymmetric intramolecular aldolization to set the stereochemistry of the entire molecule, a fragment coupling based on selective alkylation of a bis-enolate, and a transannular Michael reaction cascade for rapid and stereoselective synthesis of the polycyclic core. Subsequent Claisen rearrangement enabled installation of a handle for introduction of the bottom piece to complete the total synthesis. Other efforts toward the total synthesis have also been discussed.

Xue, Haoran

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

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281

Quantum Calisthenics: Gaussians, The Path Integral and Guided Numerical Approximations  

SciTech Connect

It is apparent to anyone who thinks about it that, to a large degree, the basic concepts of Newtonian physics are quite intuitive, but quantum mechanics is not. My purpose in this talk is to introduce you to a new, much more intuitive way to understand how quantum mechanics works. I begin with an incredibly easy way to derive the time evolution of a Gaussian wave-packet for the case free and harmonic motion without any need to know the eigenstates of the Hamiltonian. This discussion is completely analytic and I will later use it to relate the solution for the behavior of the Gaussian packet to the Feynman path-integral and stationary phase approximation. It will be clear that using the information about the evolution of the Gaussian in this way goes far beyond what the stationary phase approximation tells us. Next, I introduce the concept of the bucket brigade approach to dealing with problems that cannot be handled totally analytically. This approach combines the intuition obtained in the initial discussion, as well as the intuition obtained from the path-integral, with simple numerical tools. My goal is to show that, for any specific process, there is a simple Hilbert space interpretation of the stationary phase approximation. I will then argue that, from the point of view of numerical approximations, the trajectory obtained from my generalization of the stationary phase approximation specifies that subspace of the full Hilbert space that is needed to compute the time evolution of the particular state under the full Hamiltonian. The prescription I will give is totally non-perturbative and we will see, by the grace of Maple animations computed for the case of the anharmonic oscillator Hamiltonian, that this approach allows surprisingly accurate computations to be performed with very little work. I think of this approach to the path-integral as defining what I call a guided numerical approximation scheme. After the discussion of the anharmonic oscillator I will turn to tunneling problems and show that the instanton can also be though of in the same way. I will do this for the classic problem of a double well potential in the extreme limit when the splitting between the two lowest levels is extremely small and the tunneling rate from one well to another is also very small.

Weinstein, Marvin; /SLAC

2009-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

282

Quantitative Determination of Chemical Processes by Dynamic Nuclear Polarization Enhanced Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dissolution dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) provides several orders of magnitude of NMR signal enhancement by converting the much larger electron spin polarization to nuclear spin polarization. Polarization occurs at low temperature (1.4K) and is followed by quickly dissolving the sample for room temperature NMR detection. DNP is generally applicable to almost any small molecules and can polarize various nuclei including 1H, 19F and 13C. The large signal from DNP enhancement reduces the limit of detection to micromolar or sub-micromolar concentration in a single scan. Since DNP enhancement often provides the only source for the observable signal, it enables tracking of the polarization flow. Therefore, DNP is ideal for studying chemical processes. Here, quantitative tools are developed to separate kinetics and spin relaxation, as well as to obtain structural information from these measurements. Techniques needed for analyzing DNP polarized sample are different from those used in conventional NMR because a large, yet non-renewable hyperpolarization is available. Using small flip angle pulse excitation, the hyperpolarization can still be divided into multiple scans. Based on this principle, a scheme is presented that allows reconstruction of indirect spectral dimensions similarly to conventional 2D NMR. Additionally, small flip angle pulses can be used to obtain a succession of scans separated in time. A model describing the combined effects of the evolution of a chemical process and of spin-lattice relaxation is shown. Applied to a Diels-Alder reaction, it permitted measuring kinetics along with the effects of auto- and cross-relaxation. DNP polarization of small molecules also shows significant promise for studying protein-ligand interaction. The binding of fluorinated ligands to the protease trypsin was studied through the observation of various NMR parameter changes, such as line width, signal intensity and chemical shift of the ligands. Intermolecular polarization transfer from hyperpolarized ligand to protein can further provide information about the binding pocket of the protein. As an alternative to direct observation of protein signal, a model is presented to describe a two-step intermolecular polarization transfer between competitively binding ligands mediated through the common binding pocket of the protein. The solutions of this model relate the evolution of signal intensities to the intermolecular cross relaxation rates, which depend on individual distances in the binding epitope. In summary, DNP provides incomparable sensitivity, speed and selectivity to NMR. Quantitative models such as those discussed here enable taking full advantage of these benefits for the study of chemical processes.

Zeng, Haifeng

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Effects of Mine Waste Contamination on Fish and Wildlife Habitat at Multiple Levels of Biological Organization in the Methow River, 2001-2002 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A three-year multidisciplinary study was conducted on the relationship between mine waste contamination and the effects on aquatic and terrestrial habitats in the Methow River below abandoned mines near Twisp in Okanogan County, Washington (U.S.A.). Ore deposits in the area were mined for gold, silver, copper and zinc until the early 1950's. An above-and-below-mine approach was used to study potentially impacted sites. Although the dissolved metal content of water in the Methow River was below the limits of detection, eleven chemicals of potential environmental concern were identified in the tailings, mine effluents, groundwater, streamwater and sediments (Al, As, B, Ba, Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Pb, Se and Zn). The potential for ecosystem level impacts was reflected in the risk of contamination in the mine waste to communities and populations that are valued for their functional properties related to energy storage and nutrient cycling. Dissolved and sediment metal contamination changed the benthic insect community structure in a tributary of the Methow River below Alder Mine, and at the population level, caddisfly larval development in the Methow River was delayed. Arsenic accumulation in bear hair and Cd in fish liver suggest top predators are effected. In situ exposure of juvenile triploid trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to conditions at the downstream site resulted in reduced growth and increased mortality among exposed individuals. Histopathological studies of their tissues revealed extensive glycogen inclusions suggesting food is being converted into glycogen and stored in the liver but the glycogen is not being converted back normally into glucose for distribution to other tissues in the body. Subcellular observations revealed mitochondrial changes including a decrease in the number and increase in the size of electron-dense metrical granules, the presence of glycogen bodies in the cytoplasm, and glycogen nuclei in exposed trout hepatocytes, which are signs that Type IV Glycogen Storage disease is occurring. GSD IV is caused by either a deficiency or inactivation of the glycogen branching enzyme that results in the synthesis of an abnormal glycogen molecule that is insoluble and has decreased branch points and increased chain length. These results show that the effects of mine waste contaminants can be expressed at all levels of organization from molecular to ecosystem-level responses.

Peplow, Dan; Edmonds, Robert.

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

BASELINE MEMBRANE SELECTION AND CHARACTERIZATION FOR AN SDE  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Thermochemical processes are being developed to provide global-scale quantities of hydrogen. A variant on sulfur-based thermochemical cycles is the Hybrid Sulfur (HyS) Process which uses a sulfur dioxide depolarized electrolyzer (SDE) to produce the hydrogen. In FY05 and FY06, testing at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) explored a low temperature fuel cell design concept for the SDE. The advantages of this design concept include high electrochemical efficiency and small footprint that are crucial for successful implementation on a commercial scale. A key component of the SDE is the ion conductive membrane through which protons produced at anode migrate to the cathode and react to produce hydrogen. An ideal membrane for the SDE should have both low ionic resistivity and low sulfur dioxide transport. These features allow the electrolyzer to perform at high currents with low potentials, along with preventing contamination of both the hydrogen output and poisoning of the catalysts involved. Another key component is the electrocatalyst material used for the anode and cathode. Good electrocatalysts should be chemically stable and have a low overpotential for the desired electrochemical reactions. This report summarizes results from activities to evaluate commercial and experimental membranes for the SDE. Several different types of commercially-available membranes were analyzed for sulfur dioxide transport as a function of acid strength including perfluorinated sulfonic acid (PFSA), sulfonated poly-etherketone-ketone, and poly-benzimidazole (PBI) membranes. Experimental membranes from the sulfonated diels-alder polyphenylenes (SDAPP) and modified Nafion{reg_sign} 117 were evaluated for SO{sub 2} transport as well. These membranes exhibited reduced transport coefficient for SO{sub 2} transport without the loss in ionic conductivity. The use of Nafion{reg_sign} with EW 1100 is recommended for the present SDE testing due to the limited data regarding chemical and mechanical stability of experimental membranes. Development of new composite membranes by incorporating metal particles or by forming multilayers between PFSA membranes and hydrocarbon membranes will provide methods that will meet the SDE targets (SO{sub 2} transport reduction by a factor of 100) while decreasing catalyst layer delamination and membrane resistivity.

Colon-Mercado, H; David Hobbs, D

2007-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

285

HYBRID SULFUR ELECTROLYZER DEVELOPMENT, NHI WORK PACKAGE N-SR07TC0301, FY07 FIRST QUARTER REPORT  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The proof of concept of SO2 electrolysis for the hybrid sulfur (HyS) process is the second priority research target of the DOE Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative's thermochemical program for FY07. The proof of concept of the liquid-phase option must be demonstrated at the single cell level for an extended run times (>100 hours). The rate of development of HyS will depend on the identification of a promising membrane or an alternative means for controlling sulfur formation. Once successful long-duration operation has been demonstrated, SRNL will develop a multi-cell stack that can be connected to the H2SO4 decomposer being developed by SNL for the S-I ILS for a Hybrid Sulfur Integrated Laboratory-Scale Experiment during FY 2008. During the first quarter of FY07, SRNL continued the component development and membrane development activities with the goal of identifying and characterizing improved electrodes, electrocatalysts, membranes and MEA configurations which could then be tested at larger scale in the SDE test facility. A modified glass cell was fabricated to allow measurements of sulfur dioxide (SO2) transport across membrane samples at elevated temperatures (up to 70 C). This testing also includes evaluating SO2 transport in different sulfuric acid concentrations (30-70 wt%). A new potentiostat/frequency analyzer was installed for determining ionic conductivity of membranes. This instrument enhances our capabilities to characterize membrane, electrocatalyst and MEA properties and performance. Continuing work from FY06, evaluations were preformed on various commercial and experimental membranes and electrocatalyst materials for the SDE. Several different types of commercially-available membranes were analyzed for sulfur dioxide transport as a function of acid strength including perfluorinated sulfonic acid (PFSA), sulfonated polyetherketone-ketone, and poly-benzimidazole (PBI) membranes. Experimental membranes from the sulfonated diels-alder polyphenylenes (SDAPP) and modified Nafion{reg_sign} 117 were evaluated for SO{sub 2} transport as well. These membranes exhibited reduced transport coefficient for SO{sub 2} transport without the loss in ionic conductivity.

Summers, W

2006-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

286

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-15)  

SciTech Connect

BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission lines. Work also includes clearing of a small (<1/4 mile) section of access road. All work will be in accordance with the National Electrical Safety Code and BPA standards. See Section 1.1 of the attached checklist for detailed information on each section of the referenced transmission lines. BPA will conduct the vegetation control with the goal of removing tall-growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission lines and where possible to promote low-growing plant communities in the right-of-way. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD). The vegetation needing control is mainly Douglas Fir, Alder, and blackberries as indicated in Section 1.2 of the attached checklist. The work involved in the ROW includes: clearing tall growing vegetation that is currently or will soon pose a hazard to the lines; treating the associated stumps and re-sprouts with herbicide to ensure that the roots are killed preventing new sprouts; and selectively eliminating tall growing vegetation before it reaches a height or density to begin competing with low-growing vegetation. All work will take place in existing rights-of-ways and around transmission structures. All work will be accomplished by selective vegetation control methods to assure that there is little potential harm to non-target vegetation and to low-growing plants. The work will provide system reliability and fire protection. Also, all off right-of-way trees that are potentially unstable and will fall within a minimum distance or into the zone where the conductors swing will be removed. Access roads will be treated using mowing and herbicide applications. The work will provide system reliability. The subject transmission lines range from 115kV to 230kV and are made up of accompanying access roads, steel and wooden transmission line structures and associated switching platforms. The minimum clearance ranges from 21 feet for 115kV lines to 23 feet for 230kV lines. ROW easement widths vary along the length of the project. Vegetation control for this project is designed to provide a 3 year maintenance free interval. In summary, the overall vegetation management scheme will be to selectively remove tall growing vegetation then apply selective herbicide treatment using cut stump applications.

N /A

2001-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

287

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-15)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BPA proposes to clear unwanted vegetation in the rights-of-ways and around tower structures that may impede the operation and maintenance of the subject transmission lines. Work also includes clearing of a small (tall-growing vegetation that is currently or will soon be a hazard to the transmission lines and where possible to promote low-growing plant communities in the right-of-way. This project meets the standards and guidelines for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and Record of Decision (ROD). The vegetation needing control is mainly Douglas Fir, Alder, and blackberries as indicated in Section 1.2 of the attached checklist. The work involved in the ROW includes: clearing tall growing vegetation that is currently or will soon pose a hazard to the lines; treating the associated stumps and re-sprouts with herbicide to ensure that the roots are killed preventing new sprouts; and selectively eliminating tall growing vegetation before it reaches a height or density to begin competing with low-growing vegetation. All work will take place in existing rights-of-ways and around transmission structures. All work will be accomplished by selective vegetation control methods to assure that there is little potential harm to non-target vegetation and to low-growing plants. The work will provide system reliability and fire protection. Also, all off right-of-way trees that are potentially unstable and will fall within a minimum distance or into the zone where the conductors swing will be removed. Access roads will be treated using mowing and herbicide applications. The work will provide system reliability. The subject transmission lines range from 115kV to 230kV and are made up of accompanying access roads, steel and wooden transmission line structures and associated switching platforms. The minimum clearance ranges from 21 feet for 115kV lines to 23 feet for 230kV lines. ROW easement widths vary along the length of the project. Vegetation control for this project is designed to provide a 3 year maintenance free interval. In summary, the overall vegetation management scheme will be to selectively remove tall growing vegetation then apply selective herbicide treatment using cut stump applications.

N /A

2001-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

288

Observation and Nature of Non-statistical Dynamics in Ordinary Organic Reactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statistical models like Transition State Theory (TST) and Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus (RRKM) Theory have generally been successful in predicting the rates and selectivities of chemical reactions. However, these statistical models can fail to explain experimental results of ordinary organic reactions. For these reactions, consideration of nonstatistical dynamic effects or the detailed motion and momenta of the atoms is necessary to account for the experimental observations. Dynamic effects have been found to be important in a growing number of reactions and the nature of these effects can be varied. One of the most interesting reactions investigated is the ozonolysis of vinyl ethers. Ozonolysis of a homologous series of vinyl ethers in solution exhibit experimental product ratios wherein the selectivity among cleavage pathways increases with the size of the alkyl group to an extent that is far less than RRKM theory would predict. Trajectory studies account for the observed selectivities and support a mechanism involving a competition between cleavage of the primary ozonide and intramolecular vibrational energy redistribution. A recent theoretical study from our group predicted that a highly asynchronous organocatalytic Diels-Alder (DA) reaction, which is concerted in the potential energy surface, is stepwise in the free energy surface. Kinetic isotope effects (KIEs) were measured for three DA reactions. We envision that the entropic barrier may have several experimental consequences such as unusual isotope effects due to extensive recrossing. Preliminary results for the organocatalytic reaction show an intramolecular KIE close to unity that cannot be reconciled with statistical theories. This is in contrast with Lewis-acid catalyzed and thermal DA reactions, which exhibit substantial "normal" intramolecular KIEs that are in accord with TST predictions. Finally, the Baeyer-Villiger oxidation of cylohexanone in water was investigated. KIEs were measured for the oxidation of cyclohexanone with peracetic acid and trifluoroperacetic acid. When using peracetic acid as the oxidant, the alkyl migration was determined to be the rate-determining step based on significant intermolecular KIEs on the carbonyl and alpha-methylene carbons. A change in the rate-determining step is seen when trifluoroperacetic acid is used. Only the carbonyl carbon exhibits a significant isotope effect. Theoretical predictions provide an experimental picture of the transition states and qualitatively support these conclusions.

Quijano, Larisa Mae 1984-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Multimodality Imaging with Silica-Based Targeted Nanoparticle Platforms  

SciTech Connect

Objectives: To synthesize and characterize a C-Dot silica-based nanoparticle containing 'clickable' groups for the subsequent attachment of targeting moieties (e.g., peptides) and multiple contrast agents (e.g., radionuclides with high specific activity) [1,2]. These new constructs will be tested in suitable tumor models in vitro and in vivo to ensure maintenance of target-specificity and high specific activity. Methods: Cy5 dye molecules are cross-linked to a silica precursor which is reacted to form a dye-rich core particle. This core is then encapsulated in a layer of pure silica to create the core-shell C-Dot (Figure 1) [2]. A 'click' chemistry approach has been used to functionalize the silica shell with radionuclides conferring high contrast and specific activity (e.g. 64Cu and 89Zr) and peptides for tumor targeting (e.g. cRGD and octreotate) [3]. Based on the selective Diels-Alder reaction between tetrazine and norbornene, the reaction is bioorthogonal, highyielding, rapid, and water-compatible. This radiolabeling approach has already been employed successfully with both short peptides (e.g. octreotate) and antibodies (e.g. trastuzumab) as model systems for the ultimate labeling of the nanoparticles [1]. Results: PEGylated C-Dots with a Cy5 core and labeled with tetrazine have been synthesized (d = 55 nm, zeta potential = -3 mV) reliably and reproducibly and have been shown to be stable under physiological conditions for up to 1 month. Characterization of the nanoparticles revealed that the immobilized Cy5 dye within the C-Dots exhibited fluorescence intensities over twice that of the fluorophore alone. The nanoparticles were successfully radiolabeled with Cu-64. Efforts toward the conjugation of targeting peptides (e.g. cRGD) are underway. In vitro stability, specificity, and uptake studies as well as in vivo imaging and biodistribution investigations will be presented. Conclusions: C-Dot silica-based nanoparticles offer a robust, versatile, and multi-functional platform to enhance in vivo detection sensitivity and non-invasively assay receptor expression/status of tumor cellular targets, including those of low abundance, using nuclear-NIR fluorescence imaging approaches [2]. Improvements in molecular diagnostics, refined by the availability of nanotechnology platforms, will be a key determinant in driving early-stage disease detection and prevention, ultimately leading to decreases in mortality.

Jason S. Lewis

2012-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

290

COMPONENT DEVELOPMENT NEEDS FOR THE HYBRID SULFUR ELECTROLYZER  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fiscal year 2008 studies in electrolyzer component development have focused on the characterization of membrane electrode assemblies (MEA) after performance tests in the single cell electrolyzer, evaluation of electrocatalysts and membranes using a small scale electrolyzer and evaluating the contribution of individual cell components to the overall electrochemical performance. Scanning electron microscopic (SEM) studies of samples taken from MEAs testing in the SRNL single cell electrolyzer test station indicates a sulfur-rich layer forms between the cathode catalyst layer and the membrane. Based on a review of operating conditions for each of the MEAs evaluated, we conclude that the formation of the layer results from the reduction of sulfur dioxide as it passes through the MEA and reaches the catalyst layer at the cathode-membrane interface. Formation of the sulfur rich layer results in partial delamination of the cathode catalyst layer leading to diminished performance. Furthermore we believe that operating the electrolyzer at elevated pressure significantly increases the rate of formation due to increased adsorption of hydrogen on the internal catalyst surface. Thus, identification of a membrane that exhibits much lower transport of sulfur dioxide is needed to reduce the quantity of sulfur dioxide that reaches the cathode catalyst and is reduced to produce the sulfur-rich layer. Three candidate membranes are currently being evaluated that have shown promise from preliminary studies, (1) modified Nafion{reg_sign}, (2) polybenzimidazole (PBI), and (3) sulfonated Diels Alder polyphenylene (SDAPP). Testing examined the activity for the sulfur dioxide oxidation of platinum (Pt) and platinum-alloy catalysts in 30 wt% sulfuric acid solution. Linear sweep voltammetry showed an increase in activity when catalysts in which Pt is alloyed with non-noble transition metals such as cobalt and chromium. However when Pt is alloyed with noble metals, such as iridium or ruthenium, the kinetic activity decreases. We recommend further testing to determine if these binary alloys will provide the increased reaction kinetic needed to meet the targets. We also plan to test the performance of these catalyst materials for both proton and sulfur dioxide reduction. The latter may provide another parameter by which we can control the reduction of sulfur dioxide upon transport to the cathode catalyst surface. A small scale electrolyzer (2 cm{sup 2}) has been fabricated and successfully installed as an additional tool to evaluate the effect of different operating conditions on electrolyzer and MEA performance. Currently this electrolyzer is limited to testing at temperatures up to 80 C and at atmospheric pressure. Selected electrochemical performance data from the single cell sulfur dioxide depolarized electrolyzer were analyzed with the aid of an empirical equation which takes into account the overpotential of each of the components. By using the empirical equation, the performance data was broken down into its components and a comparison of the potential losses was made. The results indicated that for the testing conditions of 80 C and 30 wt% sulfuric acid, the major overpotential contribution ({approx}70 % of all losses) arise from the slow reaction rate of oxidation of sulfur dioxide. The results indicate that in order to meet the target of hydrogen production at 0.5 A/cm{sup 2} at 0.6 V and 50 wt% sulfuric acid, identification of a better catalyst for sulfur dioxide oxidation will provide the largest gain in electrolyzer performance.

Hobbs, D; Hector Colon-Mercado, H; Mark Elvington, M

2008-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

291

A Novel Slurry-Based Biomass Reforming Process Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect

This project was focused on developing a catalytic means of producing H2 from raw, ground biomass, such as fast growing poplar trees, willow trees, or switch grass. The use of a renewable, biomass feedstock with minimal processing can enable a carbon neutral means of producing H2 in that the carbon dioxide produced from the process can be used in the environment to produce additional biomass. For economically viable production of H2, the biomass is hydrolyzed and then reformed without any additional purification steps. Any unreacted biomass and other byproduct streams are burned to provide process energy. Thus, the development of a catalyst that can operate in the demanding corrosive environment and presence of potential poisons is vital to this approach. The concept for this project is shown in Figure 1. The initial feed is assumed to be a >5 wt% slurry of ground wood in dilute base, such as potassium carbonate (K2CO3). Base hydrolysis and reforming of the wood is carried out at high but sub-critical pressures and temperatures in the presence of a solid catalyst. A Pd alloy membrane allows the continuous removal of pure , while the retentate, including methane is used as fuel in the plant. The project showed that it is possible to economically produce H2 from woody biomass in a carbon neutral manner. Technoeconomic analyses using HYSYS and the DOE's H2A tool [1] were used to design a 2000 ton day-1 (dry basis) biomass to hydrogen plant with an efficiency of 46% to 56%, depending on the mode of operation and economic assumptions, exceeding the DOE 2012 target of 43%. The cost of producing the hydrogen from such a plant would be in the range of $1/kg H2 to $2/kg H2. By using raw biomass as a feedstock, the cost of producing hydrogen at large biomass consumption rates is more cost effective than steam reforming of hydrocarbons or biomass gasification and can achieve the overall cost goals of the DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Program. The complete conversion of wood to hydrogen, methane, and carbon dioxide was repeatedly demonstrated in batch reactors varying in size from 50 mL to 7.6 L. The different wood sources (e.g., swamp maple, poplar, and commercial wood flour) were converted in the presence of a heterogeneous catalyst and base at relatively low temperatures (e.g., 310 ???????°C) at sub-critical pressures sufficient to maintain the liquid phase. Both precious metal and base metal catalysts were found to be active for the liquid phase hydrolysis and reforming of wood. Pt-based catalysts, particularly Pt-Re, were shown to be more selective toward breaking C-C bonds, resulting in a higher selectivity to hydrogen versus methane. Ni-based catalysts were found to prefer breaking C-O bonds, favoring the production of methane. The project showed that increasing the concentration of base (base to wood ratio) in the presence of Raney Ni catalysts resulted in greater selectivity toward hydrogen but at the expense of increasing the production of undesirable organic acids from the wood, lowering the amount of wood converted to gas. It was shown that by modifying Ni-based catalysts with dopants, it was possible to reduce the base concentration while maintaining the selectivity toward hydrogen and increasing wood conversion to gas versus organic acids. The final stage of the project was the construction and testing of a demonstration unit for H2 production. This continuous flow demonstration unit consisted of wood slurry and potassium carbonate feed pump systems, two reactors for hydrolysis and reforming, and a gas-liquid separation system. The technical challenges associated with unreacted wood fines and Raney Ni catalyst retention limited the demonstration unit to using a fixed bed Raney Ni catalyst form. The lower activity of the larger particle Raney Ni in turn limited the residence time and thus the wood mass flow feed rate to 50 g min-1 for a 1 wt% wood slurry. The project demonstrated continuous H2 yields with unmodified, fixed bed Raney Ni, from 63% to 100% with correspond

Sean C. Emerson; Timothy D. Davis; A. Peles; Ying She; Joshua Sheffel; Rhonda R. Willigan; Thomas H. Vanderspurt; Tianli Zhu

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

292

2007 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Historically, the Coeur d'Alene Indian Tribe depended on runs of anadromous salmon and steelhead along the Spokane River and Hangman Creek, as well as resident and adfluvial forms of trout and char in Coeur d'Alene Lake, for survival. Dams constructed in the early 1900s on the Spokane River in the City of Spokane and at Little Falls (further downstream) were the first dams that initially cut-off the anadromous fish runs from the Coeur d'Alene Tribe. These fisheries were further removed following the construction of Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams on the Columbia River. Together, these actions forced the Tribe to rely solely on the resident fish resources of Coeur d'Alene Lake for their subsistence needs. The Coeur d'Alene Tribe is estimated to have historically harvested around 42,000 westslope cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi) per year (Scholz et al. 1985). In 1967, Mallet (1969) reported that 3,329 cutthroat trout were harvested from the St. Joe River, and a catch of 887 was reported from Coeur d'Alene Lake. This catch is far less than the 42,000 fish per year the tribe harvested historically. Today, only limited opportunities exist to harvest cutthroat trout in the Coeur d'Alene Basin. It appears that a suite of factors have contributed to the decline of cutthroat trout stocks within Coeur d'Alene Lake and its tributaries (Mallet 1969; Scholz et al. 1985; Lillengreen et al. 1993). These factors included the construction of Post Falls Dam in 1906, major changes in land cover types, impacts from agricultural activities, and introduction of exotic fish species. The decline in native cutthroat trout populations in the Coeur d'Alene basin has been a primary focus of study by the Coeur d'Alene Tribe's Fisheries and Water Resources programs since 1990. The overarching goals for recovery have been to restore the cutthroat trout populations to levels that allow for subsistence harvest, maintain genetic diversity, and increase the probability of persistence in the face of anthropogenic influences and prospective climate change. This included recovering the lacustrine-adfluvial life history form that was historically prevalent and had served to provide both resilience and resistance to the structure of cutthroat trout populations in the Coeur d'Alene basin. To this end, the Coeur d'Alene Tribe closed Lake Creek and Benewah Creek to fishing in 1993 to initiate recovery of westslope cutthroat trout to historical levels. However, achieving sustainable cutthroat trout populations also required addressing biotic factors and habitat features in the basin that were limiting recovery. Early in the 1990s, BPA-funded surveys and inventories identified limiting factors in Tribal watersheds that would need to be remedied to restore westslope cutthroat trout populations. The limiting factors included: low-quality, low-complexity mainstem stream habitat and riparian zones; high stream temperatures in mainstem habitats; negative interactions with nonnative brook trout in tributaries; and potential survival bottlenecks in Coeur d'Alene Lake. In 1994, the Northwest Power Planning Council adopted the recommendations set forth by the Coeur d'Alene Tribe to improve the Reservation fishery (NWPPC Program Measures 10.8B.20). These recommended actions included: (1) Implement habitat restoration and enhancement measures in Alder, Benewah, Evans, and Lake Creeks; (2) Purchase critical watershed areas for protection of fisheries habitat; (3) Conduct an educational/outreach program for the general public within the Coeur d'Alene Reservation to facilitate a 'holistic' watershed protection process; (4) Develop an interim fishery for tribal and non-tribal members of the reservation through construction, operation and maintenance of five trout ponds; (5) Design, construct, operate and maintain a trout production facility; and (6) Implement a monitoring program to evaluate the effectiveness of the hatchery and habitat improvement projects. These activities provide partial mitigation for the extirpation of anadromous fish resources from usual and

Firehammer, Jon A.; Vitale, Angelo J.; Hallock, Stephanie A. [Coeur d'Alene Tribe Department of Natural Resources Fisheries Program

2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

293

Implementation of Fisheries Enhancement Opportunities on the Coeur d'Alene Reservation, 2002 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Historically, the Coeur d'Alene Indian Tribe depended on runs of anadromous salmon and steelhead along the Spokane River and Hangman Creek, as well as resident and adfluvial forms of trout and char in Coeur d'Alene Lake, for survival. Dams constructed in the early 1900s on the Spokane River in the City of Spokane and at Little Falls (further downstream) were the first dams that initially cut-off the anadromous fish runs from the Coeur d'Alene Tribe. These fisheries were further removed by the construction of Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams on the Columbia River. Together, these actions forced the Tribe to rely solely on the resident fish resources of Coeur d'Alene Lake (Staff Communication). The Coeur d'Alene Tribe is estimated to have historically harvested around 42,000 westslope cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki) per year (Scholz et al. 1985). In 1967, Mallet (1969) reported that 3,329 cutthroat were harvested from the St. Joe River, and a catch of 887 was reported from Coeur d'Alene Lake. This catch is far less than the 42,000 fish per year the tribe harvested historically. Today, only limited opportunities exist to harvest cutthroat trout in the Coeur d'Alene Basin. The declines in native salmonid fish populations, particularly cutthroat and bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus), in the Coeur d'Alene basin have been the focus of study by the Coeur d' Alene Tribe's Fisheries and Water Resources programs since 1990. It appears that there are a number of factors contributing to the decline of resident salmonid stocks within Coeur d'Alene Lake and its tributaries (Ellis 1932; Oien 1957; Mallet 1969; Scholz et. al. 1985, Lillengreen et. al. 1993). These factors include: construction of Post Falls Dam in 1906; major changes in land cover types, agricultural activities and introduction of exotic fish species. Over 100 years of mining activities in the Coeur d'Alene River drainage have had devastating effects on the quality of the water in the Coeur d'Alene River and Coeur d'Alene Lake. Effluents from tailings and mining waste have contributed vast quantities of trace heavy metals to the system. Poor agricultural and forest practices have also contributed to the degradation of water quality and habitat suitability for resident salmonids. Increased sediment loads from agricultural runoff and recent and recovering clearcuts, and increases in water temperature due to riparian canopy removal may be two of the most important problems currently affecting westslope cutthroat trout. Increases in water temperature have reduced the range of resident salmonids to a fraction of its historic extent. Within this new range, sediment has reduced the quality of both spawning and rearing habitats. Historically, municipal waste contributed large quantities of phosphates and nitrogen that accelerated the eutrophication process in Coeur d'Alene Lake. However, over the last 25 years work has been completed to reduce the annual load of these materials. Wastewater treatment facilities have been established near all major municipalities in and around the basin. Species interactions with introduced exotics as well as native species are also acting to limit cutthroat trout populations. Two mechanisms are at work: interspecific competition, and species replacement. Competition occurs when two species utilize common resources, the supply of which is short; or if the resources are not in short supply, they harm each other in the process of seeking these resources. Replacement occurs when some environmental or anthropogenic change (e.g., habitat degradation, fishing pressure, etc.) causes the decline or elimination of one species and another species, either native or introduced, fills the void left by the other. In 1994, the Northwest Power Planning Council adopted the recommendations set forth by the Coeur d'Alene Tribe to improve the Reservation fishery. These recommended actions included: (1) Implement habitat restoration and enhancement measures in Alder, Benewah, Evans, and Lake Creeks; (2) Purchase critical watershed areas for protection of fis

Vitale, Angelo, Lamb, Dave; Scott, Jason

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Implementation of Fisheries Enhancement Opportunities on the Coeur d'Alene Reservation; Coeur d'Alene Tribe Fish, Water, and Wildlife Program, REVISED 2002 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Historically, the Coeur d'Alene Indian Tribe depended on runs of anadromous salmon and steelhead along the Spokane River and Hangman Creek, as well as resident and adfluvial forms of trout and char in Coeur d'Alene Lake, for survival. Dams constructed in the early 1900s on the Spokane River in the City of Spokane and at Little Falls (further downstream) were the first dams that initially cut-off the anadromous fish runs from the Coeur d'Alene Tribe. These fisheries were further removed by the construction of Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams on the Columbia River. Together, these actions forced the Tribe to rely solely on the resident fish resources of Coeur d'Alene Lake (Staff Communication). The Coeur d'Alene Tribe is estimated to have historically harvested around 42,000 westslope cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki) per year (Scholz et al. 1985). In 1967, Mallet (1969) reported that 3,329 cutthroat were harvested from the St. Joe River, and a catch of 887 was reported from Coeur d'Alene Lake. This catch is far less than the 42,000 fish per year the tribe harvested historically. Today, only limited opportunities exist to harvest cutthroat trout in the Coeur d'Alene Basin. The declines in native salmonid fish populations, particularly cutthroat and bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus), in the Coeur d'Alene basin have been the focus of study by the Coeur d' Alene Tribe's Fisheries and Water Resources programs since 1990. It appears that there are a number of factors contributing to the decline of resident salmonid stocks within Coeur d'Alene Lake and its tributaries (Ellis 1932; Oien 1957; Mallet 1969; Scholz et. al. 1985, Lillengreen et. al. 1993). These factors include: construction of Post Falls Dam in 1906; major changes in land cover types, agricultural activities and introduction of exotic fish species. Over 100 years of mining activities in the Coeur d'Alene River drainage have had devastating effects on the quality of the water in the Coeur d'Alene River and Coeur d'Alene Lake. Effluents from tailings and mining waste have contributed vast quantities of trace heavy metals to the system. Poor agricultural and forest practices have also contributed to the degradation of water quality and habitat suitability for resident salmonids. Increased sediment loads from agricultural runoff and recent and recovering clearcuts, and increases in water temperature due to riparian canopy removal may be two of the most important problems currently affecting westslope cutthroat trout. Increases in water temperature have reduced the range of resident salmonids to a fraction of its historic extent. Within this new range, sediment has reduced the quality of both spawning and rearing habitats. Historically, municipal waste contributed large quantities of phosphates and nitrogen that accelerated the eutrophication process in Coeur d'Alene Lake. However, over the last 25 years work has been completed to reduce the annual load of these materials. Wastewater treatment facilities have been established near all major municipalities in and around the basin. Species interactions with introduced exotics as well as native species are also acting to limit cutthroat trout populations. Two mechanisms are at work: interspecific competition, and species replacement. Competition occurs when two species utilize common resources, the supply of which is short; or if the resources are not in short supply, they harm each other in the process of seeking these resources. Replacement occurs when some environmental or anthropogenic change (e.g., habitat degradation, fishing pressure, etc.) causes the decline or elimination of one species and another species, either native or introduced, fills the void left by the other. In 1994, the Northwest Power Planning Council adopted the recommendations set forth by the Coeur d'Alene Tribe to improve the Reservation fishery. These recommended actions included: (1) Implement habitat restoration and enhancement measures in Alder, Benewah, Evans, and Lake Creeks; (2) Purchase critical watershed areas for protection of fis

Vitale, Angelo; Lamb, Dave; Scott, Jason

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z