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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Large Amplitude Flow Anomalies in Northern Hemisphere Midlatitudes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The composite of large amplitude flow anomalies identified from extremely large amplitudes of the planetary-scale waves is examined in terms of the temporal and spatial evolution of both the large-scale flow and the storm tracks. The ...

Anthony R. Hansen; Alfonso Sutera

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Global, Hemispheric, and Zonal Temperature Deviations (CDIAC) - Angell  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global, Hemispheric, and Zonal Temperature Deviations Derived From a 63-Station Radiosonde Network Graph graphic Graphics Data graphic Data Investigator J. K. Angell National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Air Resources Laboratory (R/E/AR), SSMC3, Station 3459, 1315 East West Highway, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, U.S.A. About Jim Angell: From the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (2005) - Jim Angell's Contributions to Meteorology DOI 10.3334/CDIAC/cli.005 Period of Record 1958-2010 (relative to a 1958-1977 average) Special Note Nine tropical radiosonde stations in this 63-station network were identified as anomalous in Angell (2003). Upon removal of these nine stations, the resulting 54-station network, also presented on the CDIAC website, results in significant differences in many of the times series and

3

Detection of Surface Temperature Anomalies in the Coso Geothermal Field  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Detection of Surface Temperature Anomalies in the Coso Geothermal Field Detection of Surface Temperature Anomalies in the Coso Geothermal Field Using Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Detection of Surface Temperature Anomalies in the Coso Geothermal Field Using Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: We use thermal infrared (TIR) data from the spaceborne ASTER instrument to detect surface temperature anomalies in the Coso geothermal field in eastern California. The identification of such anomalies in a known geothermal area serves as an incentive to apply similar markers and techniques to areas of unknown geothermal potential. We carried out field measurements concurrently with the collection of ASTER images. The field

4

Dynamical Adjustment of the Northern Hemisphere Surface Air Temperature Field: Methodology and Application to Observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The influence of atmospheric circulation changes reflected in spontaneously-occurring sea-level pressure (SLP) anomalies upon surface air temperature (SAT) variability and trends is investigated using partial least squares (PLS) regression, a ...

Brian V. Smoliak; John M. Wallace; Pu Lin; Qiang Fu

5

Phenomenological solar signature in 400 years of reconstructed Northern Hemisphere temperature record  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phenomenological solar signature in 400 years of reconstructed Northern Hemisphere temperature sensitivity model to solar changes (Scafetta and West, 2005, 2006). The phenomenological approach we propose­1100 AD) to the 17th century minimum. Citation: Scafetta, N., and B. J. West (2006), Phenomenological

Scafetta, Nicola

6

Tropospheric and Lower Stratospheric Temperature Anomalies Based on Global  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropospheric and Lower Stratospheric Temperature Anomalies Based on Global Tropospheric and Lower Stratospheric Temperature Anomalies Based on Global Radiosonde Network Data DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/cli.004 data Data image Graphics Investigators Alexander M. Sterin Russian Research Institute for Hydrometeorological Information-World Data Center (RIHMI-WDC), 6, Korolyov str., Obninsk, Kaluga region, Russia, 249035 Period of Record January, 1958 - September, 2005 (relative to the average for 1961-1975). Methods The observed radiosonde data from the Comprehensive Aerological Reference Data Set (CARDS) (Eskridge et al. 1995) were taken as the primary input for obtaining the series. These data were for the global radiosonde observational network through 2001. Since 2002, the AEROSTAB data (uper-air observations obtained through communication channels), collected at

7

Some statistical associations between Northern Hemisphere sea level pressure patterns and temperatures at selected U.S. climate stations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Between Northern Hemisphere Sea Level Pressure Patterns and Temperatures at Selected U. S. Climate Stations. (December 1988) Janine Marie Bryan, B. S. , Youngstown State University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Professor John F. Griffiths Atmospheric... large- scale monthly mean SLP patterns over the Northern Hemisphere and monthly mean temperatures over the central and eastern United States. Empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis was used to reveal the dominant features of the SLP field...

Bryan, Janine Marie

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

8

The total hemispheric emissivity of painted aluminum honeycomb at cryogenic temperatures  

SciTech Connect

NASA uses high-emissivity surfaces on deep-space radiators and thermal radiation absorbers in test chambers. Aluminum honeycomb core material, when coated with a high-emissivity paint, provides a lightweight, mechanically robust, and relatively inexpensive black surface that retains its high emissivity down to low temperatures. At temperatures below about 100 Kelvin, this material performs much better than the paint itself. We measured the total hemispheric emissivity of various painted honeycomb configurations using an adaptation of an innovative technique developed for characterizing thin black coatings. These measurements were performed from room temperature down to 30 Kelvin. We describe the measurement technique and compare the results with predictions from a detailed thermal model of each honeycomb configuration.

Tuttle, J.; Canavan, E.; DiPirro, M.; Li, X. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 552 Greenbelt, Maryland, 20771 (United States); Knollenberg, P. [Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems Redondo Beach, CA 90278 (United States)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

9

Solar Flare Intermittency and the Earth's Temperature Anomalies Nicola Scafetta1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Flare Intermittency and the Earth's Temperature Anomalies Nicola Scafetta1,2 and Bruce J; published 17 June 2003) We argue that Earth's short-term temperature anomalies and the solar flare data sets that corresponds to the one that would be induced by the solar flare intermittency. The mean

Scafetta, Nicola

10

E-Print Network 3.0 - air temperature anomalies Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

temperature anomalies are expected to reduce the sea-air temperature difference and the heat loss of the ocean... -latitudes and 12;14 thus ... Source: Institute of Global...

11

An Investigation into the Impact of using Various Techniques to Estimate Arctic Surface Air Temperature Anomalies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Time series of global and regional mean Surface Air Temperature (SAT) anomalies are a common metric used to estimate recent climate change. Various techniques can be used to create these time series from meteorological station data. The degree of ...

Emma M. A. Dodd; Christopher J. Merchant; Nick A. Rayner; Colin P. Morice

12

J 4.8 MODELING THE TALLAHASSEE MINIMUM TEMPERATURE ANOMALY Kelly G. Godsey*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 J 4.8 MODELING THE TALLAHASSEE MINIMUM TEMPERATURE ANOMALY Kelly G. Godsey* 1,2 , Henry E author address: Kelly G. Godsey, NWS, Morristown, TN 37814; email: Kelly.Godsey@noaa.gov #12;2 Fig. 1

Fuelberg, Henry

13

Solar turbulence in earth's global and regional temperature anomalies Nicola Scafetta,1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar turbulence in earth's global and regional temperature anomalies Nicola Scafetta,1,2 Paolo a study of the influence of solar activity on the earth's temperature. In particular, we focus on the repercussion of the fluctuations of the solar irradiance on the temperature of the Northern and Southern

Scafetta, Nicola

14

Phenomenological reconstructions of the solar signature in the Northern Hemisphere surface temperature records since 1600  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phenomenological reconstructions of the solar signature in the Northern Hemisphere surface; accepted 5 June 2007; published 3 November 2007. [1] A phenomenological thermodynamic model is adopted since 1900. Citation: Scafetta, N., and B. J. West (2007), Phenomenological reconstructions of the solar

Scafetta, Nicola

15

The contribution of Indian Ocean sea surface temperature anomalies on Australian summer rainfall  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the Indian Ocean extratropics that induces an anomalous anticyclone in the Great Australian Bight. #12 1 The contribution of Indian Ocean sea surface temperature anomalies on Australian Wales, NSW, Australia Harry H. Hendon Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research, Bureau

England, Matthew

16

Testing a Dynamical Model for Mid-Latitude Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A slab model of the oceanic mixed layer is used to predict the statistical characteristics of the sea surface temperature anomalies that are forced by day-to-day changes in air-sea fluxes in the presence of a mean current. Because of the short ...

Claude Frankignoul; Richard W. Reynolds

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Coral reef bleaching and sea surface temperature anomalies: 1991-1996 global patterns  

SciTech Connect

Global spatio-temporal patterns of mass coral reef bleaching during the first half of the 1990s continued to show the strong temperature correlations which first became established in the 1980s. Satellite sea surface temperature data and field observations were used to track thermal bleaching events in real time. Most bleaching events followed warm season sea surface temperature anomalies of around +1 degree celsius above historical means. Global bleaching patterns appear to have been strongly affected by worldwide cooling which followed eruption of Mount Pinatubo in June 1991. High water temperatures and mass coral reef bleaching took place in the Caribbean, Indian Ocean, and South Pacific in 1991, but there were few thermal anomalies or bleaching events in 1992 and 1993, years which were markedly cooler worldwide. Following the settling of Mount Pinatubo aerosols and resumption of global warming trends, extensive ocean thermal hot spots and bleaching events resumed in the South Pacific, South Atlantic, and Indian Oceans in 1994. Bleaching again took place in hot spots in the Indian Ocean and Caribbean in 1995, and in the South Atlantic, Caribbean, South Pacific, North Pacific, and Persian Gulf in 1996. Coral reefs worldwide are now very close to their upper temperature tolerance limits. This sensitivity, and the fact that the warmest ecosystems have no source of immigrant species pre-adapted to warmer conditions, may make coral reef ecosystems the first to be severely impacted if global temperatures and sea levels remain at current values or increase further.

Goreau, T.J.; Hayes, R.L.; Strong, A.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

18

Late twentieth century Southern Hemisphere stratospheric temperature trends in1 observations and CCMVal-2, CMIP3 and CMIP5 models2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Late twentieth century Southern Hemisphere stratospheric temperature trends in1 observations, USA.9 3 NOAA Climate Prediction Center, Camp Springs, Maryland, USA.10 4 Departamento de Física de la the second half of the twentieth century. Ozone-induced stratospheric cooling peaks22 during November

19

Multiple Flow Regimes in the Northern Hemisphere Winter. Part II: Sectorial Regimes and Preferred Transitions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an observational analysis of recurrent flow patterns in the Northern Hemisphere (NH) winter, based on a 37-year series of daily 700-mb height anomalies. Large-scale anomaly patterns that appear repeatedly and persist beyond ...

Masahide Kimoto; Michael Ghil

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Subsurface temperature anomalies as a key to petroleum-producing areas in the Cherokee and Forest City Basins, eastern Kansas?  

SciTech Connect

The relation of subsurface temperature to `plain-type fold` structure in the Midcontinent (USA) as an exploration tool has been speculated on for a long time. Structural highs, termed `plains-type folds,` are partly the result of differential compaction of sediments over rigid crystalline fault blocks in the Precambrian basement. In the Midcontinent, bottom-hole temperature (BHT) data, temperatures measured in drillstem tests (DSTs), and structural data are abundant. In the Cherokee and Forest City Basins, we analyzed BHT data by depth and stratigraphic unit (Cambro-Ordovician Arbuckle carbonates; Mississippian carbonates; and Perm-Pennsylvanian clastics). By relating the BHTs to DSTs, it was noted that the thermal disturbance inherent in BHT by drilling is minor and comparable within a formation. Also, the signal-noise ratio of BHTs could be improved utilizing the large data set. Although the resulting BHT formation gradients show unexpected values from the thermal conductivity in the carbonates and from the evaluated temperature disturbance by the drilling process, analysis of the BHT spatial pattern shows a coincidence of structural highs and temperature anomalies both in the clastics and in the carbonates. These BHT anomalies are outlined by values higher than the regional temperature trend. We attribute the anomalies partly to the insulation effect of petroleum (which may include the self-generation of heat) and partly to the movement of fluids vertically through the fracture and fault system created in the sedimentary veneer. Numerous examples from the oil- and gas-producing areas in eastern Kansas show that the nature of origin of fluids contained in a porous medium can alter local geothermal conditions.

Merriam, D.F. [Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States); Foerster, A. [GeoForschungsZentrum Posdam (Germany)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Southern Hemisphere humpback whales wintering off Central America: insights from water temperature into the longest mammalian migration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...temperature influences their distribution at the basin scale. Our analysis shows that worldwide...Sohouhoue, P. Dossou, C. 2001 The Bight of Benin, a North Atlantic breeding ground...temperature influences whale distribution at the basin scale. Calf development in warm water...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Anomalies in the elastic properties of the high?temperature superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements will be presented of the ultrasonicwavevelocity and attenuation in high?density polycrystalline samples of YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7 at temperatures between 4.2 and 300 K. Both longitudinal and shear wave data were found to be characterized by thermal hysteresis and run?to?run variations. At temperatures below Tc the hysteresis disappeared the elastic constants increased and the attenuation fell. The higher temperature measurements were affected by sample annealing and thermal history and exhibited recovery effects. The pressure dependence of the elastic constants was found to be very large and also to exhibit hysteresis effects. These phenomena are consistent with the suggestion that these ceramics are pseudoplastic solids in which the plasticity is attributed to the mobility of twin boundaries. Recent measurements of Bi?Ca?Sr?Cu?O superconductors will also be presented.

D. P. Almond; G. A. Saunders; E. F. Lambson; A. Al?Kheffaji; M. Cankartaran

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Self-Organized Networks and Lattice Effects in High Temperature Superconductors II: Fermi Arc Anomalies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The self-organized dopant percolative filamentary model, entirely orbital in character (no fictive spins), explains the evolution with doping of Fermi arcs observed by ARPES, including the previously unexplained abrupt transitions in quasiparticle strength observed near optimal doping in cuprate high temperature superconductors. Similarly abrupt transitions are also observed in time-resolved picosecond relaxation spectroscopy at 1.5 eV, and these are explained as well, using no new assumptions and no adjustable parameters.

J. C. Phillips

2006-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

24

The Non-Maxwellian Distribution in a Shock Front and the Anomaly of the Chromospheric Temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An estimate is made of the departure from the Maxwellian distribution of the particle velocities in a shock front, as a function of the shock strength. Expressions are derived for the absorption and emission coefficients (for electronic free-free transitions in a completely ionized gas) in a shock front of given strength. The results obtained are applied to resolve the apparent conflict between the two electronic temperatures of the chromosphere, as indicated by optical (30 000K from emission line widths) and radio (10 000K from centimetric radiation intensity) observations of the sun.

Hari K. Sen

1953-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

25

Investigations of Possible Low-Level Temperature and Moisture Anomalies During the AMIE Field Campaign on Manus Island  

SciTech Connect

This document discusses results stemming from the investigation of near-surface temperature and moisture oddities that were brought to light as part of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) Investigation Experiment (AMIE), Dynamics of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (DYNAMO), and Cooperative Indian Ocean experiment on intraseasonal variability in the Year 2011 (CINDY2011) campaigns.

Long, CN; Holdridge, DJ

2012-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

26

Free form hemispherical shaped charge  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hemispherical shaped charge has been modified such that one side of the hemisphere is spherical and the other is aspherical allowing a wall thickness variation in the liner. A further modification is to use an elongated hemispherical shape. The liner has a thick wall at its pole and a thin wall at the equator with a continually decreasing wall thickness from the pole to the equator. The ratio of the wall thickness from the pole to the equator varies depending on liner material and HE shape. Hemispherical shaped charges have previously been limited to spherical shapes with no variations in wall thicknesses. By redesign of the basic liner thicknesses, the jet properties of coherence, stability, and mass distribution have been significantly improved.

Haselman, Jr., Leonard C. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Free form hemispherical shaped charge  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hemispherical shaped charge has been modified such that one side of the hemisphere is spherical and the other is aspherical allowing a wall thickness variation in the liner. A further modification is to use an elongated hemispherical shape. The liner has a thick wall at its pole and a thin wall at the equator with a continually decreasing wall thickness from the pole to the equator. The ratio of the wall thickness from the pole to the equator varies depending on liner material and HE shape. Hemispherical shaped charges have previously been limited to spherical shapes with no variations in wall thicknesses. By redesign of the basic liner thicknesses, the jet properties of coherence, stability, and mass distribution have been significantly improved. 8 figs.

Haselman, L.C. Jr.

1996-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

28

Western Hemisphere Oil Products Balance  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Western Hemisphere Oil Products Balance Ramn Espinasa, Ph.D. Lead Specialist July 2014 The Energy Innovation Center Energy Division 3 The views expressed by the author do not...

29

A universal high energy anomaly in angle resolved photoemission spectra of high temperature superconductors -- possible evidence of spinon and holon branches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spectra of high temperature superconductors possiblefamilies of high temperature superconductors by using angle-families of high temperature superconductors, identi?ed by a

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Tir (Aster) Geothermal Anomalies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tir (Aster) Geothermal Anomalies Tir (Aster) Geothermal Anomalies Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Tir (Aster) Geothermal Anomalies Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The focus of this research is the detection of shallow thermal anomalies for geothermal exploration and field management. The objective of this paper is to outline the steps involved in applying thermal infrared imagery (TIR) for this task. This process is part of an ongoing project at the Energy & Geoscience Institute (EGI), where we are developing a methodology to use daytime and nighttime thermal infrared imagery produced by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) to map shallow thermal anomalies. Kinetic temperature images

31

Southern hemisphere tropospheric aerosol microphysics  

SciTech Connect

Aerosol particle size distribution data have been obtained in the southern hemisphere from approximately 4{degree}S to 44{degree}S and between ground level and 6 km, in the vicinity of eastern Australia. The relative shape of the free-tropospheric size distribution for particles with radii larger than approximately 0.04 {mu}m was found to be remarkably stable with time, altitude, and location for the autumn-winter periods considered. This was despite some large concentration changes which were found to be typical of the southeastern Australian coastal region. The majority of free-troposphere large particles were found to have sulfuric acid or lightly ammoniated sulfate morphology. Large particles in the boundary layer almost exclusively had a sea-salt morphology.

Gras, J.L. (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Aspendale (Australia))

1991-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

32

A steady-state measurement system for total hemispherical emissivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A steady-state calorimetric technique was developed for measuring the total hemispherical emissivity of a conductive material. The system uses a thin strip of the conductive sample electrically heated by alternating current to high temperatures in a vacuum chamber. The emissivity was measured in a central region of the sample with an approximately uniform temperature distribution. Considering the influences of the gray body assumption, wire heat losses, effects of residual gas and conductive heat loss from the region to the rest of the strip, the emissivity was accurately determined by solving the inverse one-dimension steady-state heat transfer problem. The emissivities of various metal samples (nickel and 45# steel) were measured to verify the system accuracy. And the results were then analyzed to estimate the relative errors of emissivity arising from the gray body assumption, wire heat losses, effects of residual gas, non-uniform temperature distribution and the measurement uncertainty of emissivity. In the temperature range from 700 to 1300 K, the accuracy is acceptable for practical applications within the total measurement uncertainties of 1.1%. To increase the system applicability, some issues related to sample specifications, heating power control and temperature uniformity of sample test section were discussed. Thus, this system can provide accurate measurements of the total hemispherical emissivity of conductive samples at high temperatures.

Tairan Fu; Peng Tan; Chuanhe Pang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Hydrodynamics with Triangle Anomalies  

SciTech Connect

We consider the hydrodynamic regime of theories with quantum anomalies for global currents. We show that a hitherto discarded term in the conserved current is not only allowed by symmetries, but is in fact required by triangle anomalies and the second law of thermodynamics. This term leads to a number of new effects, one of which is chiral separation in a rotating fluid at nonzero chemical potential. The new kinetic coefficients can be expressed, in a unique fashion, through the anomaly coefficients and the equation of state. We briefly discuss the relevance of this new hydrodynamic term for physical situations, including heavy-ion collisions.

Son, Dam T. [Institute for Nuclear Theory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-1550 (United States); Surowka, Piotr [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-1560 (United States); Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Krakow (Poland)

2009-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

34

Simulation of Recent Southern Hemisphere Climate Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulation of Recent Southern Hemisphere Climate Change Nathan P. Gillett1 * and David W. J. Thompson2 Recent observations indicate that climate change over the high latitudes of the Southern's surface as well. Recent climate change in the Southern Hemi- sphere (SH) is marked by a strengthening

35

Origin of giant permittivity and high-temperature dielectric anomaly behavior in Na{sub 0.5}Y{sub 0.5}Cu{sub 3}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 12} ceramics  

SciTech Connect

Na{sub 0.5}Y{sub 0.5}Cu{sub 3}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 12} ceramics prepared by the conventional solid-state reaction method under various sintering conditions were found to exhibit a giant dielectric constant over 10 000 around room temperature. Two electrical responses were observed in the combined modulus and impedance plots, indicating the presence of Maxwell-Wagner relaxation. The contributions of semiconducting grains and insulating grain boundaries (corresponding to high-frequency and low-frequency electrical response, respectively) played important roles in the dielectric properties of Na{sub 0.5}Y{sub 0.5}Cu{sub 3}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 12} ceramics. The correlations between grain boundaries resistance and low frequency dielectric loss, grains resistance and the position of dielectric loss peak were addressed. Mixed-valent structures of Cu{sup 2+}/Cu{sup 3+} and Ti{sup 3+}/Ti{sup 4+} had been determined using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Electron hopping between Cu{sup 2+} and Cu{sup 3+} and electron transport in Ti{sup 3+}-O-Ti{sup 4+} paths were proposed as the origin of the semiconducting nature of Na{sub 0.5}Y{sub 0.5}Cu{sub 3}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 12} ceramics. In particular, high-temperature dielectric anomaly behavior was investigated in detail. A dielectric peak exhibiting relaxor-like behavior was observed around 200 Degree-Sign C, which was linked with the formation of oxygen vacancies. Based on the electric modulus results, this behavior was explored in the light of the defect formation and explained in terms of a competition process depending on the combinational contribution to polarization between n- and p-type carriers rather than a relaxation process.

Liang, Pengfei; Li, Yanyan; Wei, Lingling; Yang, Zupei [Key Laboratory for Macromolecular Science of Shaanxi Province School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, Shaanxi (China)] [Key Laboratory for Macromolecular Science of Shaanxi Province School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, Shaanxi (China); Zhao, Yuqing [Department of Chemistry, School of Science, Hong Kong Baptist University (Hong Kong)] [Department of Chemistry, School of Science, Hong Kong Baptist University (Hong Kong)

2013-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

36

Anomaly for Model Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simple algorithm to calculate the group theory factor entering in anomalies at four and six dimensions for SU(N) and SO(N) groups in terms of the Casimir invariants of their subgroups is presented. Explicit examples of some of the lower dimensional representations of $SU(n), n \\leq 5$ and SO(10) groups are presented, which could be used for model building in four and six dimensions.

Utpal Sarkar

2006-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

37

Casimir effect in hemisphere capped tubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we investigate the vacuum densities for a massive scalar field with general curvature coupling in background of a (2+1)-dimensional spacetime corresponding to a cylindrical tube with a hemispherical cap. A complete set of mode functions is constructed and the positive-frequency Wightman function is evaluated for both the cylindrical and hemispherical subspaces. On the base of this, the vacuum expectation values of the field squared and energy-momentum tensor are investigated. The mean field squared and the normal stress are finite on the boundary separating two subspaces, whereas the energy density and the parallel stress diverge as the inverse power of the distance from the boundary. For a conformally coupled field, the vacuum energy density is negative on the cylindrical part of the space. On the hemisphere, it is negative near the top and positive close to the boundary. In the case of minimal coupling the energy density on the cup is negative. On the tube it is positive near the boundary and negative at large distances. Though the geometries of the subspaces are different, the Casimir pressures on the separate sides of the boundary are equal and the net Casimir force vanishes. The results obtained may be applied to capped carbon nanotubes described by an effective field theory in the long-wavelength approximation.

E. R. Bezerra de Mello; A. A. Saharian

2014-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

38

System for closure of a physical anomaly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Systems for closure of a physical anomaly. Closure is accomplished by a closure body with an exterior surface. The exterior surface contacts the opening of the anomaly and closes the anomaly. The closure body has a primary shape for closing the anomaly and a secondary shape for being positioned in the physical anomaly. The closure body preferably comprises a shape memory polymer.

Bearinger, Jane P; Maitland, Duncan J; Schumann, Daniel L; Wilson, Thomas S

2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

39

A Synthesis of Antarctic Temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Monthly surface air temperatures from land surface stations, automatic weather stations, and ship/buoy observations from the high-latitude Southern Hemisphere are synthesized into gridded analyses at a resolution appropriate for applications ...

William L. Chapman; John E. Walsh

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Stereo Anomaly Test Manual Raymond van Ee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pieter Schiphorst, our compuer wizard, for creating this interactive anomaly test. Although this Stereo

van Ee, Raymond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Can North Atlantic Sea Ice Anomalies Account for DansgaardOeschger Climate Signals?*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The presence of sea ice lowers surface temperature by insulating the atmosphere from the ocean heat reservoirCan North Atlantic Sea Ice Anomalies Account for Dansgaard­Oeschger Climate Signals?* CAMILLE LI 2010) ABSTRACT North Atlantic sea ice anomalies are thought to play an important role in the abrupt

Battisti, David

42

E-Print Network 3.0 - aligning cortical hemispheric Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cortical hemispheric Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aligning cortical hemispheric Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Cortical averaging...

43

Baroclinic and barotropic annular variability in the Northern Hemisphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large-scale variability in the Northern Hemisphere (NH) circulation can be viewed in the context of three primary types of structures: 1) teleconnection patterns; 2) a barotropic annular mode; and 3) a baroclinic annular mode. The barotropic ...

David W. J. Thompson; Ying Li

44

Zonal wind oscillations over the western hemisphere during winter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ZONAL WIND OSCILLATIONS OVER THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE DURING WINIER A Thesis by BRUCE WILLIAM HUNDERMARK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AdiM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Meteorology ZONAL WIND OSCILLATIONS OVER THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE DURING WINIER A Thesis by BRUCE WILLIAM HUNDERMARIZ Approved as to style and content by: c Dusan Djuric (Co-Chair of Committee) haF. ' s (Co...

Hundermark, Bruce William

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Graph anomalies in cyber communications  

SciTech Connect

Enterprises monitor cyber traffic for viruses, intruders and stolen information. Detection methods look for known signatures of malicious traffic or search for anomalies with respect to a nominal reference model. Traditional anomaly detection focuses on aggregate traffic at central nodes or on user-level monitoring. More recently, however, traffic is being viewed more holistically as a dynamic communication graph. Attention to the graph nature of the traffic has expanded the types of anomalies that are being sought. We give an overview of several cyber data streams collected at Los Alamos National Laboratory and discuss current work in modeling the graph dynamics of traffic over the network. We consider global properties and local properties within the communication graph. A method for monitoring relative entropy on multiple correlated properties is discussed in detail.

Vander Wiel, Scott A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Storlie, Curtis B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sandine, Gary [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hagberg, Aric A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fisk, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

46

Bulk viscosity and the conformal anomaly in the pion gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the bulk viscosity of the massive pion gas within Unitarized Chiral Perturbation Theory. We obtain a low temperature peak arising from explicit conformal breaking due to the pion mass and another peak near the critical temperature, dominated by the conformal anomaly through gluon condensate terms. The correlation between bulk viscosity and conformal breaking supports a recent QCD proposal. We discuss the role of resonances, heavier states and large-$N_c$ counting.

D. Fernandez-Fraile; A. Gomez Nicola

2008-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

47

A New Geothermal Anomaly In Nicaragua | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A New Geothermal Anomaly In Nicaragua A New Geothermal Anomaly In Nicaragua Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A New Geothermal Anomaly In Nicaragua Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The information acquired during reconnaissance surface exploration in Nicaragua suggests a large geothermal reservoir in the region of Masaya-Nandaime. The exploration programme included geological, geophysical, geochemical, as well as hydrogeological investigations. Integration of the results from various disciplines permitted postulation of a conceptual model of the reservoir and of the thermal regime within the zone immediately above and around the reservoir. The reservoir with a temperature in excess of 200°C is emplaced at a depth between 2 and 4 km

48

Wave Patterns and Southern Hemisphere Convergence Zones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-rate days, a wave pattern is identified that is characteristic of high rain events. This wave pattern is then compared to the patterns of variability of brightness temperature using empirical orthogonal functions. A linear regression technique is used...

Ramotowski, Michelle R.

2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

49

Anomaly of the electrical resistivity of polyvalent metal films with additions of Mn (and Fe)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

895 Anomaly of the electrical resistivity of polyvalent metal films with additions of Mn (and Fe) D the films are annealed at a temperature Ta. Then the temperature dependence of the electrical resistance is measured in the temperature range 2 K T T a. The electrical resistance is determined by a conventio- nal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

50

Gravity Dual of Superconformal Anomaly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The supergravity dual of superconformal anomaly in a four-dimensional supersymmetric gauge theory is investigated. We consider a well-established dual correspondence between the ${\\cal N}=1$ $SU(N+M)\\times SU(N)$ supersymmetric gauge theory with two flavors of matter fields in the bifundamental representation of gauge group and the type IIB superstring in the space-time background furnished by the Klebanov-Strassler (K-S) solution. The D-brane configuration for these two dual theories consists of N D3 branes and M fractional $D3$ branes in the singular space-time composed of a direct product of M^4 and a six-dimensional conifold ${\\cal C}_6$ with the base $T^{1,1}$. The superconformal anomaly originate from fractional branes frozen at the apex of ${\\cal C}_6$. While on the gravity side, the fractional branes deform the $AdS_5\\times T^{1,1}$ space-time background and partially break local supersymmetry of type IIB supergravity. We find that the deformation on $AdS_5\\times T^{1,1}$ leads to the spontaneous breaking local symmetries in gauged AdS_5 supergravity and consequently a super-Higgs mechanism arises. We thus conclude that the super-Higgs mechanism in gauged supergravity is dual to the superconformal anomaly of supersymmetric gauge theory in terms of gauge/gravity correspondence.

W. F. Chen

2005-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

51

Magnetic anomalies northeast of Shatsky Plateau  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MAGNETIC ANOMALIES NORTHEAST OF SHATSKY PLATEAU A Thesis by DAVID LAWRENCE RISCH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1982 Major Subject...: Oceanography MAGNETIC ANOMALIES NORTHEAST OF SHATSKY PLATEAU A Thesis by DAVID LAWRENCE RISCH Approved as to style and content by: C rman Committee Member Member Head of Department May 198Z ABSTRACT Magnetic Anomalies Northeast of Shatsky Plateau...

Risch, David Lawrence

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

52

Anomaly-induced charges in baryons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that quantum chiral anomaly of QCD in magnetic backgrounds induces a novel structure of electric charge inside baryons. To illustrate the anomaly effect, we employ the Skyrme model for baryons, with the anomaly-induced gauged Wess-Zumino term (\\pi_0 + (multi-pion)) E_i B_i. Due to this term, the Skyrmions giving a local pion condensation ((\\pi_0 + (multi-pion)) \

Minoru Eto; Koji Hashimoto; Hideaki Iida; Takaaki Ishii; Yu Maezawa

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

53

The Search for Muon Neutrinos from Northern Hemisphere Gamma-Ray Bursts with AMANDA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

see also the Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Mission Page: http://from Northern Hemisphere Gamma-Ray Bursts with AMANDA A.Northern Hemisphere Gamma-Ray Bursts with AMANDA The IceCube

Achterberg, A.; IceCube Collaboration

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Testing Hyperspectral Data for Geobatanical Anomaly Mapping,...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Area Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Testing Hyperspectral Data for Geobatanical Anomaly Mapping, Dixie Valley, Nevada, Geothermal...

55

Anomaly polynomial of general 6d SCFTs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a method to determine the anomaly polynomials of general 6d $\\mathcal{N}=(2,0)$ and $\\mathcal{N}=(1,0)$ SCFTs, in terms of the anomaly matching on their tensor branches. This method is almost purely field theoretical, and can be applied to all known 6d SCFTs. We demonstrate our method in many concrete examples, including $\\mathcal{N}=(2,0)$ theories of arbitrary type and the theories on M5 branes on ALE singularities, reproducing the $N^3$ behavior. We check the results against the anomaly polynomials computed M-theoretically via the anomaly inflow.

Ohmori, Kantaro; Tachikawa, Yuji; Yonekura, Kazuya

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Anomaly polynomial of general 6d SCFTs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a method to determine the anomaly polynomials of general 6d $\\mathcal{N}=(2,0)$ and $\\mathcal{N}=(1,0)$ SCFTs, in terms of the anomaly matching on their tensor branches. This method is almost purely field theoretical, and can be applied to all known 6d SCFTs. We demonstrate our method in many concrete examples, including $\\mathcal{N}=(2,0)$ theories of arbitrary type and the theories on M5 branes on ALE singularities, reproducing the $N^3$ behavior. We check the results against the anomaly polynomials computed M-theoretically via the anomaly inflow.

Kantaro Ohmori; Hiroyuki Shimizu; Yuji Tachikawa; Kazuya Yonekura

2014-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

57

Anomalies of Nuclear Criticality, Revision 6  

SciTech Connect

This report is revision 6 of the Anomalies of Nuclear Criticality. This report is required reading for the training of criticality professionals in many organizations both nationally and internationally. This report describes many different classes of nuclear criticality anomalies that are different than expected.

Clayton, E. D.; Prichard, Andrew W.; Durst, Bonita E.; Erickson, David; Puigh, Raymond J.

2010-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

58

Anomalies in conservation laws in quantum mechanics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been pointed out that a simple quantum-mechanical system, involving a charged particle moving in a uniform magnetic field, can exhibit what looks like an anomaly. This note analyzes the problem, and shows that in such cases the anomaly is (in some sense) already present at the classical level.

R. S. Ward

1987-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

59

A New, Principled Approach to Anomaly Detection  

SciTech Connect

Intrusion detection is often described as having two main approaches: signature-based and anomaly-based. We argue that only unsupervised methods are suitable for detecting anomalies. However, there has been a tendency in the literature to conflate the notion of an anomaly with the notion of a malicious event. As a result, the methods used to discover anomalies have typically been ad hoc, making it nearly impossible to systematically compare between models or regulate the number of alerts. We propose a new, principled approach to anomaly detection that addresses the main shortcomings of ad hoc approaches. We provide both theoretical and cyber-specific examples to demonstrate the benefits of our more principled approach.

Ferragut, Erik M [ORNL; Laska, Jason A [ORNL; Bridges, Robert A [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Performance evaluation of booster materials in the plastic bonded explosive PBX 9502 in a hemispherical wave breakout test  

SciTech Connect

An explosive booster is normally required to initiate detonation in an insensitive high explosive (lHE). Booster materials must be ignitable by a conventional detonator and deliver sufficient energy and favorable pulse shape to initiate the IHE charge. The explosive booster should be as insensitive as reasonably possible to maintain the overall safety margin of the explosive assembly. A hemispherical wave breakout test termed the on ionskin test is one of the methods of testing the performance of booster materials in an initiation train assembly. There are several variations of this basic test which are known by other names. In this test, the wave breakout time-position history at the surface of a hemispherical IHE acceptor charge is recorded, and the relative uniformity of breakout allows qualitative comparison between booster candidates and quantitative comparison of several metrics. The results of a series of onionskin experiments evaluating the performance of some new booster formulations in the triaminotrinitrobenzene (TA TB) -based plastic bonded explosive PBX 9502 will be presented. The boosters were tested in an onionskin arrangement in which the booster pellet was cylindrical, and the tests were performed at a temperature of-55{sup o}C to emphasize variations in spreading performance. The modification from the traditional hemispherical geometry facilitated efficient explosive fabrication and charge assembly, but the results indicate that this geometry was not ideal for several reasons. Despite the complications arising from geometry, promising performance was observed from booster formulations including 3,3' -diamino-4,4'azoxyfurazan.

Hooks, Daniel E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Morris, John S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hill, Larry G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Francois, Elizabeth [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

ARM: Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, VISible channel, high-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, VISible channel, high-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated

Flynn, Connor

62

ARM: Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, VISible channel, low-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, VISible channel, low-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated

Flynn, Connor

63

ARM: Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, VISible channel, high-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated  

SciTech Connect

Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, VISible channel, high-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated

Connor Flynn

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

64

ARM: Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, VISible channel, low-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated  

SciTech Connect

Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, VISible channel, low-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated

Connor Flynn

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

65

Grinding tool for making hemispherical bores in hard materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A grinding tool for forming hemispherical bores in hard materials such as boron carbide. The tool comprises a hemicircular grinding bit, formed of a metal bond diamond matrix, which is mounted transversely on one end of a tubular tool shaft. The bit includes a spherically curved outer edge surface which is the active grinding surface of the tool. Two coolant fluid ports on opposite sides of the bit enable introduction of coolant fluid through the bore of the tool shaft so as to be emitted adjacent the opposite sides of the grinding bit, thereby providing optimum cooling of both the workpiece and the bit.

Duran, E.L.

1985-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

66

Potential Vorticity Anomalies Associated with Squall Lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study involves observations and model simulations of potential vorticity anomalies in the wake of midlatitude squall lines. Using data from the OklahomaKansas PRE-STORM experiment, we analyze potential vorticity fields near two squall lines...

Rolf F. A. Hertenstein; Wayne H. Schubert

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Time series anomaly detection using recessive subsequence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Time series arise frequently in many sciences and engineering application, including finance, digital audio, motion capture, network security, and transportation. In this work, we propose a technique for discovering anomalies in time series that takes ...

Yonchanok Khaokaew; Sirikarn Pukkawanna

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

CP-violating CFT and trace anomaly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is logically possible that the trace anomaly in four dimension includes the Hirzebruch-Pontryagin density in CP violating theories. Although the term vanishes at free conformal fixed points, we realize such a possibility in the holographic renormalization group and show that it is indeed possible. The Hirzebruch-Pontryagin term in the trace anomaly may serve as a barometer to understand how much CP is violated in conformal field theories.

Yu Nakayama

2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

69

Benchmark Evaluation of Plutonium Hemispheres Reflected by Steel and Oil  

SciTech Connect

During the period from June 1967 through September 1969 a series of critical experiments was performed at the Rocky Flats Critical Mass Laboratory with spherical and hemispherical plutonium assemblies as nested hemishells as part of a Nuclear Safety Facility Experimental Program to evaluate operational safety margins for the Rocky Flats Plant. These assemblies were both bare and fully or partially oil-reflected. Many of these experiments were subcritical with an extrapolation to critical configurations or critical at a particular oil height. Existing records reveal that 167 experiments were performed over the course of 28 months. Unfortunately, much of the data was not recorded. A reevaluation of the experiments had been summarized in a report for future experimental and computational analyses. This report examines only fifteen partially oil-reflected hemispherical assemblies. Fourteen of these assemblies also had close-fitting stainless-steel hemishell reflectors, used to determine the effective critical reflector height of oil with varying steel-reflector thickness. The experiments and their uncertainty in keff values were evaluated to determine their potential as valid criticality benchmark experiments of plutonium.

John Darrell Bess

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Building envelope thermal anomaly analysis  

SciTech Connect

A detailed study has been made of building energy thermal anomalies (BETA's) in a large modern office building using computer simulation, on-site inspections, and infrared thermography. The goal was to better understand the heat and moisture flow through these ''bridges,'' develop the beginnings of a classification scheme, and establish techniques for assessing the potential for retrofit or initial design modifications. In terms of presently available analytical techniques, a one-dimensional equivalent of the bridge and its affected area can be created from a steady-state computer simulation. This equivalent, combined with a degree day model, yields good estimates of the bridge behavior in buildings employing heating only. With heating and cooling, the equivalent must be used with an hour-by-hour simulation. A classification scheme based on the one-dimensional equivalent is proposed which should make it possible to create a catalog of basic bridge types that can be used to estimate their effects without requiring a complete hour-by-hour simulation of each building. The classification relates both energy loss and moisture condensation potential to the bridge configuration and the building envelope. The potential for moisture condensation on interior surfaces near a BETA was found to be as significant as the energy loss and this factor needds to be considered in assessing the complete detrimental effects of a bridge. With such a catalog, building designers and analysts would be able to determine and estimate the advantages or disadvantages of modifying the building envelope to reduce the impact of a thermal bridge. 18 refs., 31 figs., 17 tabs.

Melton, B.S.; Mulroney, P.; Scott, T.; Childs, K.W.

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Generated using version 3.0 of the official AMS LATEX template Can North Atlantic sea ice anomalies account for Dansgaard-Oeschger climate signals?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of sea ice lowers surface temperature by insulating the atmosphere from the ocean heat reservoirGenerated using version 3.0 of the official AMS LATEX template Can North Atlantic sea ice anomalies. 1 #12;ABSTRACT North Atlantic sea ice anomalies are thought to play an important role in the abrupt

Battisti, David

72

The role of linguistic experience in the hemispheric processing of lexical tone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study investigated hemispheric lateralization of Mandarin tone. Four groups of listeners were examined: native Mandarin listeners, EnglishMandarin bilinguals, Norwegian listeners with experience with Norwegian tone, ...

Wang, Yue; Behne, Dawn; Jongman, Allard; Sereno, Joan A.

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Spread and impact of introduced conifers in South America: Lessons from other southern hemisphere regions .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The history of conifers introduced earlier elsewhere in the southern hemisphere suggests that recent invasions in Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Uruguay are likely to increase (more)

Simberloff, Daniel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing hemispheric predominance Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

report a predominance of right inferior... HEMISPHERIC SPECIALIZATION OF ATTENTION CAPACITY NINA F. DKoNKEas*t and ROBERTT. KNIGHT* *Veterans... -spatial constructive...

75

Intermediate wavelength magnetic anomalies over ocean basins  

SciTech Connect

We have examined three very long magnetic field profiles taken over ocean basins for the presence of intermediate wavelength magnetic anomalies. One profile was from the Atlantic Ocean in the Transatlantic Geotraverse area, one ran along latitude 35/sup 0/S in the SE Pacific, and one ran along 150/sup 0/W in the Pacific. All three profiles show the presence of intermediate wavelength (65--1500 km) magnetic anomalies generated in the crust or upper mantle. The analysis of magnetic field power spectra shows that the core field becomes unimportant at about a wavelength of 1500 km. Sea floor spreading anomalies should produce a maximum in power at about a wavelength of 65 km. Between these two wavelengths there should be a minimum in power which is not seen on observed records. Inverting the anomalous field to obtain some idea of the magnetization necessary to explain these intermediate wavelength magnetic anomalies shows that values of magnetization in excess of 1 A m/sup -1/ are needed if the magnetized layer is as thick as the ocean crust. Alternatively, rather large thicknesses of upper mantle material with lower intensities of magnetization need to be used. The reason why such magnetization variations exist is not known. It can be shown that upward continuation of the magnetic anomaly signature to an altitude of 350 km (about the perihelion altitude of MAGSAT) will produce anomalies up to 10 nT in amplitude. These should be capable of being seen by MAGSAT, and thus allow us to determine the spatial arrangement of the intermediate wavelength anomalies and hence, hopefully, a clue as to their origin.

Harrison, C.G.A.; Carle, H.M.

1981-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

76

Local Wintertime Tropospheric Response to Oceanic Heat Anomalies in the Nordic Seas Area  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A regression analysis between observed summertime Atlantic water temperature anomalies at the entrance to the Barents Sea and atmospheric fields in the following winter from the NCEPNCAR reanalysis in the period 19822006 is carried out. It shows ...

Pawel Schlichtholz

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

On the Persistence of Cold-Season SST Anomalies Associated with the Annular Modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-scale extratropical SST anomalies. In the limit of small lateral mixing, the upper-ocean mixed layer heat storage rate)(T ? Tb) H , (1) where T is the mixed layer temperature (equal to SST); r is the density of seawater;seawater; H is the depth of the mixed layer; QTH cor- responds to the turbulent heat (sensible 1 latent

England, Matthew

78

Scaling Behaviors of Global Sea Surface Temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Temporal scaling properties of the monthly sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTA) in global ocean basins are examined by the power spectrum and detrended fluctuation analysis methods in this paper. Analysis results show that scaling behaviors of ...

Ming Luo; Yee Leung; Yu Zhou; Wei Zhang

79

The Role of Eddies in the Southern Ocean Temperature Response to the Southern Annular Mode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the model show an increase in eddy kinetic energy that peaks 2­3 yr after a positive anomaly in the SAM this temperature response. This response is also evident in the coarse-resolution implementation of the model to cold SST anomalies at these latitudes. Further north, between 258 and 458S, easterly wind anomalies

Stevens, David

80

One-way implodable tag capsule with hemispherical beaded end cap for LWR fuel manufacturing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A capsule is disclosed containing a tag gas in a zircaloy body portion having a hemispherical top curved toward the bottom of the body portion. The hemispherical top has a rupturable portion upon exposure to elevated gas pressure and the capsule is positioned within a fuel element in a nuclear reactor. 3 figs.

Gross, K.; Lambert, J.

1999-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Inversion of marine magnetic anomalies by deconvolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Fahlqu st (Member) Terry W. encer (M er) Earl R. Hoskins (Head of Department) December 1983 ABSTRACT Inversion Of Marine Magnetic Anomalies By Deconvolution (December, 1983) Dennis Lee Harry B. S. , Texas A&M University Co... magnetization, j(x), with a transfer function, g(x), which is dependant upon the location and orientation of the anomaly profile and the ridge axis relative to the earth's present magnetic field [Bott, 1967]. This is expressed as f(x) f g(x-C) ](C) d0...

Harry, Dennis Lee

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Localized velocity anomalies in the lower mantle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......projection centred on the Argentina source region. The location...approximately 80" from the Argentina source region. S-waves...Bolivia are dominated by SV energy, and large Sp precursors...closer to the stations than Argentina. Lower mantle velocity anomalies......

Thorne Lay

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Wood anomalies in resonant photonic quasicrystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A theory of light diffraction from planar quasicrystalline lattice with resonant scatterers is presented. Rich structure, absent in the periodic case, is found in specular reflection spectra, and interpreted as a specific kind of Wood anomalies, characteristic for quasicrystals. The theory is applied to semiconductor quantum dots arranged in Penrose tiling.

Poddubny, A N

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Ranking Metric Anomaly in Invariant Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The management of large-scale distributed information systems relies on the effective use and modeling of monitoring data collected at various points in the distributed information systems. A traditional approach to model monitoring data is to discover ... Keywords: Metric anomaly ranking, invariant networks, link analysis

Yong Ge; Guofei Jiang; Min Ding; Hui Xiong

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Planetary science: Venusian hot flow anomalies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... on 22 March 2008, a space-weather event known as a hot flow anomaly (HFA). Such events occur when electric fields associated with the Sun's solar wind create ... the planet lacks a magnetic field, meaning that the bow shock, and so the HFA, would be much closer in. ...

2012-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

86

Anomaly polynomial of E-string theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determine the anomaly polynomial of the E-string theory and its higher-rank generalizations, that is, the 6d $\\mathcal{N} =(1, 0)$ superconformal theories on the worldvolume of one or multiple M5-branes embedded within the end-of-the-world brane with $E_8$ symmetry.

Ohmori, Kantaro; Tachikawa, Yuji

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Anomaly polynomial of E-string theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determine the anomaly polynomial of the E-string theory and its higher-rank generalizations, that is, the 6d $\\mathcal{N} =(1, 0)$ superconformal theories on the worldvolume of one or multiple M5-branes embedded within the end-of-the-world brane with $E_8$ symmetry.

Kantaro Ohmori; Hiroyuki Shimizu; Yuji Tachikawa

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

88

Gauge field, strings, solitons, anomalies and the speed of life  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It's been said that "mathematics is biology's next microscope, only better; biology is mathematics' next physics, only better". Here we aim for something even better. We try to combine mathematical physics and biology into a picoscope of life. For this we merge techniques which have been introduced and developed in modern mathematical physics, largely by Ludvig Faddeev to describe objects such as solitons and Higgs and to explain phenomena such as anomalies in gauge fields. We propose a synthesis that can help to resolve the protein folding problem, one of the most important conundrums in all of science. We apply the concept of gauge invariance to scrutinize the extrinsic geometry of strings in three dimensional space. We evoke general principles of symmetry in combination with Wilsonian universality and derive an essentially unique Landau-Ginzburg energy that describes the dynamics of a generic string-like configuration in the far infrared. We observe that the energy supports topological solitons, that pertain to an anomaly in the manner how a string is framed around its inflection points. We explain how the solitons operate as modular building blocks from which folded proteins are composed. We describe crystallographic protein structures by multi-solitons with experimental precision, and investigate the non-equilibrium dynamics of proteins under varying temperature. We simulate the folding process of a protein at in vivo speed and with close to pico-scale accuracy using a standard laptop computer: With pico-biology as mathematical physics' next pursuit, things can only get better.

Antti J. Niemi

2014-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

89

ARM: Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, Near-InfraRed channel, low-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, Near-InfraRed channel, low-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated

Flynn, Connor

90

ARM: Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, Near-InfraRed channel, high-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, Near-InfraRed channel, high-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated

Flynn, Connor

91

ARM: Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, Near-InfraRed channel, low-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated  

SciTech Connect

Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, Near-InfraRed channel, low-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated

Flynn, Connor

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

92

ARM: Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, Near-InfraRed channel, high-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated  

SciTech Connect

Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, Near-InfraRed channel, high-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated

Flynn, Connor

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

93

The covariation of Northern Hemisphere summertime CO2 with surface temperature in boreal regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the Community Earth System Model: evaluation anduncertainties in Earth system models and for diagnosing the

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomalies mimicking physical Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Geosciences 90 Thermal anomalies indicate preferential flow along faults in unconsolidated sedimentary aquifers Summary: Thermal anomalies indicate preferential flow along...

95

Capacitance Probe for Detection of Anomalies in Nonmetallic Plastic Pipe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Capacitance Probe for Detection of Anomalies in Capacitance Probe for Detection of Anomalies in Nonmetallic Plastic Pipe Opportunity The Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is seeking collaborative research and licensing partners interested in implementing United States Patent Number 7,839,282 entitled "Capacitance Probe for Detection of Anomalies in Nonmetallic Plastic Pipe." Disclosed in this patent is an analysis of materials using a capacitive sensor to detect anomalies in nonmetallic plastic pipe through comparison of measured capacitances. The capacitive sensor is used in conjunction with a capacitance measurement device, a location device, and a processor to generate a capacitance versus location output for the detection and localization of anomalies

96

The Role of Hemispheral Asymmetry and Regional Activity of Quantitative EEG in Children with Stuttering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigated the role of delayed cerebral maturation, hemisphere asymmetry and regional differences in children with stuttering and healthy controls during resting state and ... sectional case control study in...

Aynur zge; Fevziye Toros; lk meleko?lu

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

A Search for Chaotic Behavior in Stratospheric Variability: Comparison between the Northern and Southern Hemispheres  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Southern Hemisphere (SH) stratospheric variability is investigated with respect to chaotic behavior using time series from three different variables extracted from four different reanalysis products. The results are compared with the same analysis ...

Gualtiero Badin; Daniela I.V. Domeisen

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Controls on spatial and temporal variability in Northern Hemisphere terrestrial snow melt timing, 1979-2012  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spring snow melt onset has occurred earlier across much of Northern Hemisphere lands in the last four decades. Understanding the mechanisms driving spring melt has remained a challenge, particularly in its spatial and temporal variability. Here, ...

J. R. Mioduszewski; A. K. Rennermalm; D. A. Robinson; L. Wang

99

Assessment of Modes of Interannual Variability of Southern Hemisphere Atmospheric Circulation in CMIP5 Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An assessment is made of the modes of interannual variability in the seasonal mean summer and winter Southern Hemisphere (SH) 500-hPa geopotential height in the twentieth century in models from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) ...

Simon Grainger; Carsten S. Frederiksen; Xiaogu Zheng

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Modeling Obliquity and CO2 Effects on Southern Hemisphere Climate during the Past 408 ka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of obliquity and CO2 changes on Southern Hemispheric climate is studied with a series of numerical modeling experiments. Using the Earth system model of intermediate complexity LochVECODEECBiltCLIOAgism Model (LOVECLIM) and a ...

Axel Timmermann; Tobias Friedrich; Oliver Elison Timm; Megumi O. Chikamoto; Ayako Abe-Ouchi; Andrey Ganopolski

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Anomaly-induced charges in nucleons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show a novel charge structure of baryons in electromagnetic field due to the chiral anomaly. A key connection is to treat baryons as solitons of mesons. We use Skyrmions to calculate the charge distributions in a single nucleon and find an additional charge. We also perform calculations of charge distribution for classical multi-baryons with B=2, 3,...,8 and 17; they show amusing charge distributions.

Minoru Eto; Koji Hashimoto; Hideaki Iida; Takaaki Ishii; Yu Maezawa

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

102

Zero-bias anomaly in asymmetric contacts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Coulomb electron-electron interaction effect on the tunneling conductance of an asymmetric contact consisting of two nonequivalent two-dimensional electron systems, one clean and the other disordered, is considered. It is shown that the zero-bias anomalies typical for symmetric disordered and clean contacts are strongly modified in the asymmetric clean-disordered contact due to more complicated screening effects and appearance of a new collective mode.

Michael Reizer

1998-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

103

AT 351 Lab 3: Seasons and Surface Temperature (Ch. 3)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an important role in an area's local vertical temperature distribution. Below, Figure 1 shows the verticalAT 351 Lab 3: Seasons and Surface Temperature (Ch. 3) Question #1: Seasons (20 pts) A. In your own words, describe the cause of the seasons. B. In the Northern Hemisphere we are closer to the sun during

Rutledge, Steven

104

Intensified Impact of East Indian Ocean SST Anomaly on Tropical Cyclone Genesis Frequency over the Western North Pacific  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A recent finding is the significant impact of the sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTA) over the east Indian Ocean (EIO) on the genesis frequency of tropical cyclones (TCs) over the western North Pacific (WNP). In this study it is shown that such ...

Ruifen Zhan; Yuqing Wang; Li Tao

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Brillouin light scattering anomalies and new phase transition in Cs5H3(SO4)4 crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by dielectric measurements [1,4], neutron scattering [5] and NMR spec- troscopy [6], and the vibration spectrum was investigated by IR, Raman, Brillouin and neutron scattering in a wide temperature range [7­10]. NeverthelessBrillouin light scattering anomalies and new phase transition in Cs5H3(SO4)4 crystals S

106

Investigations of low-temperature geothermal potential in New York State  

SciTech Connect

Temperature gradient map and published heat flow data indicate a possible potential for a geothermal resource in western and central New York State. A new analysis of bottom-hole temperature data for New York State confirms the existence of three positive gradient anomalies: the East Aurora, Cayuga, and Elmira anomalies, with gradients as high as 32/sup 0/C/km, 36/sup 0/C/km, and 36/sup 0/C/km, respectively. Ground waters from two of these anomalies are enriched in silica relative to surrounding areas. Heat flows based on silica geothermometry are 50 to 70 mWm/sup -2/ for the anomalies and 41.4 mWm/sup -2/ for bordering regional flux. A correlation between Bouguer gravity anomalies and the temperature gradient map suggests that the geothermal anomalies may occur above radioactive granites in the basement.

Hodge, D.S.; De Rito, R.; Hifiker, K.; Morgan, P.; Swanberg, C.A.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Lester Meadow, Washington- A Geothermal Anomaly | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lester Meadow, Washington- A Geothermal Anomaly Lester Meadow, Washington- A Geothermal Anomaly Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Lester Meadow, Washington- A Geothermal Anomaly Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Exploration of the Lester Hot Springs for geothermal potential found that a natural meadow adjacent to the hot springs represents a geothermal anomaly. This conclusion is supported by an anomaly in a thermal infrared survey, high levels of fluorine and boron from a soil survey, and the lack forest cover in the Lester meadow. These vegetation anomalies may be more common in the Cascade Mountains than realized and may be a useful indicator of the extent of geothermal activity at a location. Burlington Northern (BN) started conducting geothermal exploration in 1974 once the

108

ENSO anomalies over the Western United States: present and future patterns in regional climate simulations  

SciTech Connect

Surface temperature, precipitation, specific humidity and wind anomalies associated with the warm and cold phases of ENSO simulated by WRF and HadRM are examined for the present and future decades. WRF is driven by ECHAM5 and CCSM3, respectively, and HadRM is driven by HadCM3. For the current decades, all simulations show some capability in resolving the observed warm-dry and coolwet teleconnection patterns over the PNW and the Southwest U.S. for warm and cold ENSO. Differences in the regional simulations originate primarily from the respective driving fields. For the future decades, the warm-dry and cool-wet teleconnection patterns in association with ENSO are still represented in ECHAM5-WRF and HadRM. However, there are indications of changes in the ENSO teleconnection patterns for CCSM3-WRF in the future, with wet anomalies dominating in the PNW and the Southwest U.S. for both warm and cold ENSO, in contrast to the canonical patterns of precipitation anomalies. Interaction of anomalous wind flow with local terrain plays a critical role in the generation of anomalous precipitation over the western U.S. Anomalous dry conditions are always associated with anomalous airflow that runs parallel to local mountains and wet conditions with airflow that runs perpendicular to local mountains. Future changes in temperature and precipitation associated with the ENSO events in the regional simulations indicate varying responses depending on the variables examined as well as depending on the phase of ENSO.

Zhang, Yongxin; Qian, Yun; Duliere, Valerie; Salathe, E.; Leung, Lai-Yung R.

2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

109

Full Hemisphere Fermi Surface Mapping Using A Novel Toroidal Electron Spectrometer  

SciTech Connect

An overview is provided of a next-generation toroidal angle-resolving photoemission spectrometer, currently in operation at BESSY II. The instrument features exceptional multi-detection in energy and angle, facilitating rapid full-hemisphere photoemission measurements. The instrument is ideal for band structure and Fermi Surface (FS) mapping using Angle Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy (ARPES). Recent full-hemisphere FS measurements of a prototypical material, copper, reveal previously unseen fine structure due to lifetime broadening, demonstrating the high angular resolution and dense {kappa}-space sampling capabilities of the instrument.

Tadich, A. [Australian Synchrotron, Clayton, VIC 3168 (Australia); Department of Physics, La Trobe University, Bundoora, VIC 3086 (Australia); Riley, J.; Huwald, E.; Leckey, R. [Department of Physics, La Trobe University, Bundoora, VIC 3086 (Australia); Seyller, T.; Ley, L. [Institut fuer Technische Physik II, Universitaet Erlangen Nurnberg, 91058 Erlangen (Germany)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

110

Critical point anomalies include expansion shock waves  

SciTech Connect

From first-principle fluid dynamics, complemented by a rigorous state equation accounting for critical anomalies, we discovered that expansion shock waves may occur in the vicinity of the liquid-vapor critical point in the two-phase region. Due to universality of near-critical thermodynamics, the result is valid for any common pure fluid in which molecular interactions are only short-range, namely, for so-called 3-dimensional Ising-like systems, and under the assumption of thermodynamic equilibrium. In addition to rarefaction shock waves, diverse non-classical effects are admissible, including composite compressive shock-fan-shock waves, due to the change of sign of the fundamental derivative of gasdynamics.

Nannan, N. R., E-mail: ryan.nannan@uvs.edu [Mechanical Engineering Discipline, Anton de Kom University of Suriname, Leysweg 86, PO Box 9212, Paramaribo, Suriname and Process and Energy Department, Delft University of Technology, Leeghwaterstraat 44, 2628 CA Delft (Netherlands); Guardone, A., E-mail: alberto.guardone@polimi.it [Department of Aerospace Science and Technology, Politecnico di Milano, Via La Masa 34, 20156 Milano (Italy); Colonna, P., E-mail: p.colonna@tudelft.nl [Propulsion and Power, Delft University of Technology, Kluyverweg 1, 2629 HS Delft (Netherlands)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

111

Seismic amplitude anomalies at Mestena Grande field  

SciTech Connect

Mestena Grande field is located in northeast Jim Hogg County, Texas. Gas and condensate are produced from the middle lobe of the middle Eocene Queen City Formation. The Queen City is approximately 100 ft thick and the middle lobe, the main reservoir, is only 30 ft thick, which is well below tuning thickness. Porosities in the producing sands are generally 15-25% and permeabilities are usually 15-25 md, the maximum being about 80 md. The most recent seismic data exhibit amplitude anomalies that have some correspondence with the production. The strongest amplitudes are from the vicinity of the better wells and increase with offset. Most of the dry holes are on weak amplitudes that decrease with offset. Modeling the AVO response of a productive well, however, has predicted an amplitude decrease with offset. This disagreement is attributed to the lack of accurate shear wave velocities and the very thinly laminated sands.

Burnett, R. (Union Texas Petroleum, Houston, TX (USA))

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Conformal Invariance of Black Hole Temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that the surface gravity and temperature of a stationary black hole are invariant under conformal transformations of the metric that are the identity at infinity. More precisely, we find a conformal invariant definition of the surface gravity of a conformal Killing horizon that agrees with the usual definition(s) for a true Killing horizon and is proportional to the temperature as defined by Hawking radiation. This result is reconciled with the intimate relation between the trace anomaly and the Hawking effect, despite the {\\it non}invariance of the trace anomaly under conformal transformations.

Ted Jacobson; Gungwon Kang

1993-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

113

Anomalies of discrete symmetries in various dimensions and group cohomology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study 't Hooft anomalies for discrete global symmetries in bosonic theories in 2, 3 and 4 dimensions. We show that such anomalies may arise in gauge theories with topological terms in the action, if the total symmetry group is a nontrivial extension of the global symmetry by the gauge symmetry. Sometimes the 't Hooft anomaly for a d-dimensional theory with a global symmetry G can be canceled by anomaly inflow from a (d+1)-dimensional topological gauge theory with gauge group G. Such d-dimensional theories can live on the surfaces of Symmetry Protected Topological Phases. We also give examples of theories with more severe 't Hooft anomalies which cannot be canceled in this way.

Anton Kapustin; Ryan Thorngren

2014-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

114

Ca isotopic anomaly in the atmospheres of Ap stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results of the Ca stratification analysis in the atmospheres of 21 magnetic chemically peculiar (Ap) stars. This analysis was based on the spectral observations carried out with the UVES spectrograph attached to the 8-m VLT telescope. Ca was found to be strongly stratified in all stars with different effective temperatures and magnetic field strengths. This element is overabundant by 1-1.5 dex below logtau_5000~-1 and strongly depleted above logtau_5000=-1.5. Based on the overall Ca abundance distributions, we modelled a profile of the IR-triplet Ca II 8498 line. It shows a significant contribution of the heavy isotopes 46Ca and 48Ca, which represent less than 1% of the solar Ca isotopic mixture. In Ap stars with the relatively small surface magnetic fields (Ca isotope is concentrated close to the photosphere, while the heavy isotopes are pushed towards the outer layers. Isotopic separation disappears in the atmospheres of stars with magnetic fields above 6-7 kG. The observed overall Ca stratification and isotopic anomalies may be explained by a combined action of the radiatively-driven diffusion and the light-induced drift.

T. Ryabchikova; O. Kochukhov; S. Bagnulo

2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

115

Case histories of temperature surveys in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect

Most crude produced in Kuwait is from naturally flowing wells. Casing, tubing, and cement in these wells remain unchanged after completion. This study discusses the major application of temperature surveys in indicating fluid movement both inside and behind the production string, hence locating any holes in the casing. Some significant cases of temperature anomalies are examined qualitatively, and suggestions are made for a more quantitative interpretation of temperature profiles. 9 refs.

Gupta, B.S.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Southern Hemisphere poleward moving auroral forms E. E. Drury, S. B. Mende, and H. U. Frey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

007536, 2003. 1. Introduction [2] The mechanisms of solar wind energy and momentum transfer 2002; accepted 12 December 2002; published 14 March 2003. [1] This paper presents a statistical study of Southern Hemisphere poleward moving auroral forms (PMAFs) using optical data from the US Automatic

California at Berkeley, University of

117

Cassini imaging of Saturn: Southern hemisphere winds and vortices A. R. Vasavada,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and October 2004 are used to create maps of cloud morphology at several wavelengths, to derive zonal windsCassini imaging of Saturn: Southern hemisphere winds and vortices A. R. Vasavada,1 S. M. Ho¨rst,1 M. Nonequatorial wind measurements display only minor differences from those collected since 1981 and reveal

Winfree, Erik

118

Response of the Northern Hemisphere sea ice to greenhouse forcing in a global climate model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in summer, in part because of the reductions in ice cover and thickness that insulate the winter atmosphereResponse of the Northern Hemisphere sea ice to greenhouse forcing in a global climate model Larissa warming of about 4³C for doubled CO2. Enhanced warming is found at higher latitudes near sea-ice margins

119

One-way implodable tag capsule with hemispherical beaded end cap for LWR fuel manufacturing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A capsule containing a tag gas in a zircaloy body portion having a hemispical top curved toward the bottom of the body portion. The hemispherical top has a rupturable portion upon exposure to elevated gas pressure and the capsule is positioned within a fuel element in a nuclear reactor.

Gross, Kenny (Bolingbrook, IL); Lambert, John (Wheaton, IL)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Short Communication Aphasic patients exhibit a reversal of hemispheric asymmetries in categorical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Short Communication Aphasic patients exhibit a reversal of hemispheric asymmetries in categorical between colors that span a lexical boundary (``blue'' and ``green'') than speakers whose lan- guage does categories (e.g., a green target among blue distracters) compared to when the target and distracters were

Ivry, Rich

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

MICROSCALE THREE-DIMENSIONAL HEMISPHERICAL SHELL RESONATORS FABRICATED FROM METALLIC GLASS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MICROSCALE THREE-DIMENSIONAL HEMISPHERICAL SHELL RESONATORS FABRICATED FROM METALLIC GLASS M. Kanik.S. Abstract-- A novel use of bulk metallic glasses in microresonator applications is reported and a method scale glass blowmolding using quartz [2] and Pyrex [3], as well as the isotropic etching of silicon

M'Closkey, Robert T.

122

Carbon ion beam focusing using laser irradiated heated diamond hemispherical shells  

SciTech Connect

Experiments preformed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory's Trident Laser Facility were conducted to observe the acceleration and focusing of carbon ions via the TNSA mechanism using hemispherical diamond targets. Trident is a 200TW class laser system with 80J of 1 {micro}m, short-pulse light delivered in 0.5ps, with a peak intensity of 5 x 10{sup 20} W/cm{sup 2}. Targets where Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) diamonds formed into hemispheres with a radius of curvature of 400{micro}m and a thickness of 5{micro}m. The accelerated ions from the hemisphere were diagnosed by imaging the shadow of a witness copper mesh grid located 2mm behind the target onto a film pack located 5cm behind the target. Ray tracing was used to determine the location of the ion focal spot. The TNSA mechanism favorably accelerates hydrogen found in and on the targets. To make the carbon beam detectable, targets were first heated to several hundred degrees Celsius using a CW, 532nm, 8W laser. Imaging of the carbon beam was accomplished via an auto-radiograph of a nuclear activated lithium fluoride window in the first layer of the film pack. The focus of the carbon ion beam was determined to be located 630 {+-} 110 {micro}m from the vertex of the hemisphere.

Offermann, Dustin T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Flippo, Kirk A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gaillard, Sandrine A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Multi-model attribution of the Southern Hemisphere Hadley cell widening: CMIP3 and CMIP5 models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Multi-model attribution of the Southern Hemisphere Hadley cell widening: CMIP3 and CMIP5 models that the Hadley cell has been widening during the past three decades2 in both hemispheres, but attribution of its-induced5 stratospheric ozone depletion on the observed expansion of the Hadley cell in the Southern6

Son, Seok-Woo

124

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomalies including refractive Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

index anomalies, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 11, Q10005, doi:10... of clear, dif- fuse, hydrothermal fluids by tracking of refractive index anomalies related to changes......

125

The physical observer II: Gauge and diff anomalies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a companion paper we studied field theory in the presence of a physical observer with quantum dynamics. Here we describe the most striking consequence of this assumption: new gauge and diff anomalies arise. The relevant cocycles depend on the observer's spacetime trajectory and can hence not appear in QFT, where this quantity is never introduced. Diff anomalies necessarily arise in every locally nontrivial, non-holographic theory of quantum gravity. Cancellation of the divergent parts of the anomalies only works if spacetime has four dimensions.

T. A. Larsson

2008-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

126

Solar Eclipse Anomalies and Wave Refraction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is some inconclusive evidence that measurement devices sensitive to local gravitation exhibit anomalous behaviour during solar eclipses. We investigate if these findings can be incorporated into the standard general relativistic model of gravitation. The General Theory of Relativity (GTR) describes gravitation as the response of an object to local spacetime curvature. Gravitational waves travelling at the speed of light are then a necessary mechanism to maintain the required consistency between local curvature and distant gravitating mass. Gravitational waves will certainly be subject to refraction by bodies such as the moon and we explore if such an effect can result in an error in the apparent position of the sources and thereby give rise to the characteristic pattern of response associated with the eclipse anomaly. It is found there are phenomenological similarities, but only if gravitational waves are considered not merely to respond to spacetime curvature but are also significantly affected by the presence of mass, perhaps in a manner analogous to electromagnetic waves propagating through matter.

Alasdair Macleod

2006-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

127

Feedbacks of sea surface temperature to wintertime storm tracks in the North Atlantic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study the lagged maximum covariance analysis is performed on winter storm-track anomalies, represented by the meridional heat flux by synoptic-scale (2-8 days) transient eddies, and sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies in the North ...

Bolan Gan; Lixin Wu

128

Modeling the Atmospheric Boundary Layer Wind Response to Mesoscale Sea Surface Temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to local SST perturbations decreases rapidly with height to near-zero at 150-300m. The simulated wind speed of local SST perturbations, and the orientation of the surface wind to the SST gradient. #12;3 1. Introduction Positive correlations of local surface wind anomalies with sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies

129

3D Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The Llucmajor Aquifer System (Majorca, Spain) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: 3D Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The Llucmajor Aquifer System (Majorca, Spain) Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: In the Llucmajor aquifer system (Majorca Island, Spain) some geothermal evidences have appeared. This phenomenon is not isolated to Majorca and it is present in other areas, where it can be associated with structural conditions, especially to the extensional event suffered by the island after the Alpine Orogeny. However, the origin of this anomaly in Llucmajor is not well known, and there is no surface geological evidence of

130

Diagnostic Studies of Rainfall Anomalies in Northeast Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The large-scale atmospheric circulation of the Brazil-Atlantic sector is studied in relation to extreme rainfall anomalies in two large regions of Northeast Brazil (Nordeste). Long-term rainfall series, aerological records of stations in South ...

Pao-Shin Chu

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

An adaptive elliptical anomaly detection model for wireless sensor networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) provide a low cost option for monitoring different environments such as farms, forests and water and electricity networks. However, the restricted energy resources of the network impede the collection of raw monitoring data from all the nodes to a single location for analysis. This has stimulated research into efficient anomaly detection techniques to extract information about unusual events such as malicious attacks or faulty sensors at each node. Many previous anomaly detection methods have relied on centralized processing of measurement data, which is highly communication intensive. In this paper, we present an efficient algorithm to detect anomalies in a decentralized manner. In particular, we propose a novel adaptive model for anomaly detection, as well as a robust method for modeling normal behavior. Our evaluation results on both real-life and simulated data sets demonstrate the accuracy of our approach compared to existing methods.

Masud Moshtaghi; Christopher Leckie; Shanika Karunasekera; Sutharshan Rajasegarar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

A Shallow Attenuating Anomaly Inside The Ring Fracture Of The...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shallow Attenuating Anomaly Inside The Ring Fracture Of The Valles Caldera, New Mexico Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: A Shallow...

133

Intuitive explanation of the phase anomaly of focused light beams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An intuitive argument is presented for the phase anomaly, that is, the 180 phase shift of a light wave in passing through a focus. The treatment is based on the geometrical...

Boyd, Robert W

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

A New Methodology for Early Anomaly Detection of BWR Instabilities  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the performed research is to develop an early anomaly detection methodology so as to enhance safety, availability, and operational flexibility of Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) nuclear power plants. The technical approach relies on suppression of potential power oscillations in BWRs by detecting small anomalies at an early stage and taking appropriate prognostic actions based on an anticipated operation schedule. The research utilizes a model of coupled (two-phase) thermal-hydraulic and neutron flux dynamics, which is used as a generator of time series data for anomaly detection at an early stage. The model captures critical nonlinear features of coupled thermal-hydraulic and nuclear reactor dynamics and (slow time-scale) evolution of the anomalies as non-stationary parameters. The time series data derived from this nonlinear non-stationary model serves as the source of information for generating the symbolic dynamics for characterization of model parameter changes that quantitatively represent small anomalies. The major focus of the presented research activity was on developing and qualifying algorithms of pattern recognition for power instability based on anomaly detection from time series data, which later can be used to formulate real-time decision and control algorithms for suppression of power oscillations for a variety of anticipated operating conditions. The research being performed in the framework of this project is essential to make significant improvement in the capability of thermal instability analyses for enhancing safety, availability, and operational flexibility of currently operating and next generation BWRs.

Ivanov, K. N.

2005-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

135

Northern Hemisphere Biome-and Process-Specific Changes in Forest Area and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Northern Hemisphere Biome-and Process-Specific Changes in Forest Area and Northern Hemisphere Biome-and Process-Specific Changes in Forest Area and Gross Merchantable Volume: 1890-1990 (DB1017) data Data DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/lue.db1017 Contributors A. N. D. Auclair, J. A. Bedford, and C. Revenga Description This database lists annual changes in areal extent (Ha) and gross merchantable wood volume (m3) produced by depletion and accrual processes in boreal and temperate forests in Alaska, Canada, Europe, Former Soviet Union, Non-Soviet temperate Asia, and the contiguous United States for the years 1890 through 1990. Forest depletions (source terms for atmospheric CO2) are identified as forest pests, forest dieback, forest fires, forest harvest, and land-use changes (predominantly the conversion of forest, temperate woodland, and shrubland to cropland). Forest accruals (sink terms

136

Measurement of an Explosively Driven Hemispherical Shell Using 96 Points of Optical Velocimetry  

SciTech Connect

We report the measurement of the surface motion of a hemispherical copper shell driven by high explosives. This measurement was made using three 32-channel multiplexed photonic Doppler velocimetry (PDV) systems, in combination with a novel compound optical probe. Clearly visible are detailed features of the motion of the shell over time, enhanced by spatial correlation. Significant non-normal motion is apparent, and challenges in measuring such a geometry are discussed.

Danielson, J. R. [LANL; Daykin, E P [NSTec; Diaz, A. B. [NSTec; Doty, D. L. [LANL; Frogget, B. C. [NSTec; Furlanetto, M. R. [LANL; Gallegos, C. H. [NSTec; Gibo, M [NSTec; Garza, A [NSTec; Holtkamp, D B [LANL; Hutchins, M S [NSTec; Perez, C [NSTec; Perez, C [NSTec; Pena, M [NSTec; Romero, V T [NSTec; Shinas, M A [LANL; Teel, M G [NSTec; Tabaka, L J [LANL

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Rapid reconnaissance of geothermal prospects using shallow temperature  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Second technical report Second technical report Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Rapid reconnaissance of geothermal prospects using shallow temperature surveys. Second technical report Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The previously examined geothermal sites at Long Valley and Coso were studied in much greater detail. Techniques for correcting the 2-m temperature data were evaluated. Using a preliminary model and analysis of the Coso data, the importance of measuring soil thermal diffusivity data at each temperature probe site was shown. Corrected 2-m temperature anomaly at Coso was compared with a low altitude aeromagnetic anomaly and an anomaly outlined by electrical resistivity methods obtained independently. Preliminary tests were made with a simple thermal conductivity probe

138

HEMISPHERIC ASYMMETRIES OF SOLAR PHOTOSPHERIC MAGNETISM: RADIATIVE, PARTICULATE, AND HELIOSPHERIC IMPACTS  

SciTech Connect

Among many other measurable quantities, the summer of 2009 saw a considerable low in the radiative output of the Sun that was temporally coincident with the largest cosmic-ray flux ever measured at 1 AU. Combining measurements and observations made by the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) and Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) spacecraft we begin to explore the complexities of the descending phase of solar cycle 23, through the 2009 minimum into the ascending phase of solar cycle 24. A hemispheric asymmetry in magnetic activity is clearly observed and its evolution monitored and the resulting (prolonged) magnetic imbalance must have had a considerable impact on the structure and energetics of the heliosphere. While we cannot uniquely tie the variance and scale of the surface magnetism to the dwindling radiative and particulate output of the star, or the increased cosmic-ray flux through the 2009 minimum, the timing of the decline and rapid recovery in early 2010 would appear to inextricably link them. These observations support a picture where the Sun's hemispheres are significantly out of phase with each other. Studying historical sunspot records with this picture in mind shows that the northern hemisphere has been leading since the middle of the last century and that the hemispheric ''dominance'' has changed twice in the past 130 years. The observations presented give clear cause for concern, especially with respect to our present understanding of the processes that produce the surface magnetism in the (hidden) solar interior-hemispheric asymmetry is the normal state-the strong symmetry shown in 1996 was abnormal. Further, these observations show that the mechanism(s) which create and transport the magnetic flux are slowly changing with time and, it appears, with only loose coupling across the equator such that those asymmetries can persist for a considerable time. As the current asymmetry persists and the basal energetics of the system continue to dwindle we anticipate new radiative and particulate lows coupled with increased cosmic-ray fluxes heading into the next solar minimum.

McIntosh, Scott W.; Burkepile, Joan; Miesch, Mark; Markel, Robert S.; Sitongia, Leonard [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307 (United States); Leamon, Robert J. [Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717 (United States); Gurman, Joseph B. [Solar Physics Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Olive, Jean-Philippe [Astrium SAS, 6 rue Laurent Pichat, F-75016 Paris (France); Cirtain, Jonathan W.; Hathaway, David H. [Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States)

2013-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

139

Shallow Drilling In The Salton Sea Region, The Thermal Anomaly  

SciTech Connect

During two shallow thermal drilling programs, thermal measurements were obtained in 56 shallow (76.2 m) and one intermediate (457.3 m) depth holes located both onshore and offshore along the southern margin of the Salton Sea in the Imperial Valley, California. These data complete the surficial coverage of the thermal anomaly, revealing the shape and lateral extent of the hydrothermal system. The thermal data show the region of high thermal gradients to extend only a short distance offshore to the north of the Quaternary volcanic domes which are exposed along the southern shore of the Salton Sea. The thermal anomaly has an arcuate shape, about 4 km wide and 12 km long. Across the center of the anomaly, the transition zone between locations exhibiting high thermal gradients and those exhibiting regional thermal gradients is quite narrow. Thermal gradients rise from near regional (0.09 C/m) to extreme (0.83 C/m) in only 2.4 km. The heat flow in the central part of the anomaly is >600 mW/m{sup 2} and in some areas exceeds 1200 mW/m{sup 2}. The shape of the thermal anomaly is asymmetric with respect to the line of volcanoes previously thought to represent the center of the field, with its center line offset south of the volcanic buttes. There is no broad thermal anomaly associated with the magnetic high that extends offshore to the northeast from the volcanic domes. These observations of the thermal anomaly provide important constraints for models of the circulation of the hydrothermal system. Thermal budgets based on a simple model for this hydrothermal system indicate that the heat influx rate for local ''hot spots'' in the region may be large enough to account for the rate of heat flux from the entire Salton Trough.

Newmark, R. L.; Kasameyer, P. W.; Younker, L. W.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Projected Changes to the Southern Hemisphere Ocean and Sea Ice in the IPCC AR4 Climate Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fidelity and projected changes in the climate models, used for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report (AR4), are assessed with regard to the Southern Hemisphere extratropical ocean and sea ice systems. While ...

Alexander Sen Gupta; Agus Santoso; Andra S. Taschetto; Caroline C. Ummenhofer; Jessica Trevena; Matthew H. England

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Improvement of weather analysis in isolated areas of the southern hemisphere by meteorological satellite information: a case study.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IMPROVEMENT OF WEATHER ANALYSIS IN ISOLATED AREAS OF THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE BY METEOROLOGICAL SATELLITE INFORMATION: A CASE STUDY A Thesis By JOSE ANGEL ALVAREZ Argentine Navy Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural... and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1963 Major Subject: METEOROLOGY IMPROVEMENT OF WEATHER ANALYSIS IN ISOLATED AREAS OF THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE BY METEOROLOGICAL SATELLITE...

Alvarez, Jose? Angel

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

142

Detecting anomalies in CMB maps: a new method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ever since WMAP announced its first results, different analyses have shown that there is weak evidence for several large-scale anomalies in the CMB data. While the evidence for each anomaly appears to be weak, the fact that there are multiple seemingly unrelated anomalies makes it difficult to account for them via a single statistical fluke. So, one is led to considering a combination of these anomalies. But, if we "hand-pick" the anomalies (test statistics) to consider, we are making an \\textit{a posteriori} choice. In this article, we propose two statistics that do not suffer from this problem. The statistics are linear and quadratic combinations of the $a_{\\ell m}$'s with random co-efficients, and they test the null hypothesis that the $a_{\\ell m}$'s are independent, normally-distributed, zero-mean random variables with an $m$-independent variance. The motivation for such statistics is generality; equivalently, it is a non \\textit{a posteriori} choice. But, a very useful by-product of considering such stat...

Neelakanta, Jayanth T

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Amazon Basin climate under global warming: the role of the sea surface temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Amazon Basin climate under global warming: the role of the sea surface...temperature|carbon cycle|global warming| 1. Introduction First-generation...further into two components: a global mean warming (MW) and gridbox local anomalies...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Critical behaviors of black holes in the Einstein-Maxwell gravity with conformal anomaly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study $P-V$ critical behavior of 4-dimensional AdS black hole in the Einstein-Maxwell gravity with conformal anomaly by treating the cosmological constant as a variable related to the thermodynamic pressure. It shows that there is no phase transition if taking $k=0$ or -1. When the charge $q_1$ of conformal field and the coefficient $\\alpha$ satisfy a certain relation, the Van der Waal like phase transition for the spherical black hole can occur in case of the temperature is lower than the small critical temperature or higher than the large one. We also evaluate the critical exponents of the phase transitions and find that the thermodynamic exponents associated with this 4-dimensional AdS black hole coincide with those of the van der Waals fluid.

Zhang, Ming; Yang, Zhan-Ying

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Hg Anomalies In Soils- A Geochemical Exploration Method For Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hg Anomalies In Soils- A Geochemical Exploration Method For Geothermal Hg Anomalies In Soils- A Geochemical Exploration Method For Geothermal Areas Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Hg Anomalies In Soils- A Geochemical Exploration Method For Geothermal Areas Details Activities (5) Areas (5) Regions (0) Abstract: Hg contents of soils in geothermal areas in the western U.S. were measured and a three-fold distribution was observed: peak, aureole and background. Peak values (up to several 100 ppm Hg) occur in fumaroles of vapour-dominated systems, around hot springs, and in zones overlying steeply dipping, hot-water aquifers. Aureoic values (up to several 100 ppb Hg) are found in zones surrounding the peak areas and delineate areas with shallow geothermal convection. Background values vary between 7 and 40 ppb

146

Gravitational Correspondence of Two Types of Superconformal Anomaly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a classical conformal invariant supersymmetric gauge theory, the chiral R-symmetry current, the supersymmetry current and the energy-momentum tensor constitute a supercurrent multiplet. There are two different superconformal anoamly multiplets in four-dimensional supersymmetric gauge theories, one originating from the supersymmetric gauge dynamics and the consequent nonvanishing \\beta-function, and the other one coming from the coupling of the supercurrent multiplet to the external supergravity multiplet with non-trivial topology. We emphasize that in the gauge/gravity dual correspondence these two types of superconformal anomaly multiplets have distinct reflections in the classical supergravity: the anomaly multiplet due to the supersymmetry gauge dynamics is dual to the spontaneous symmetry breaking and the consequent super-Higgs effect in AdS_5 bulk supergravity, while the anomaly multiplet originating from the non-trivial topology of external conformal supergravity mutiplet is a boundary effects of the AdS_5 space.

W. F. Chen

2006-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

147

Maps for currents and anomalies in noncommutative gauge theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive maps relating currents and their divergences in non-abelian U(N) noncommutative gauge theory with the corresponding expressions in the ordinary (commutative) description. For the U(1) theory, in the slowly-varying-field approximation, these maps are also seen to connect the star-gauge-covariant anomaly in the noncommutative theory with the standard Adler--Bell--Jackiw anomaly in the commutative version. For arbitrary fields, derivative corrections to the maps are explicitly computed up to O(\\theta^2).

Rabin Banerjee; Kuldeep Kumar

2005-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

148

QJT as a Regularization: Origin of the New Gauge Anomalies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QJT is considered as a regularization of QFT, where the fields are replaced by finite $p$-jets. The regularized phase space is infinite-dimensional, because not all histories are determined by initial conditions. Gauge symmetries are not fully preserved by the regularization, and gauge anomalies arise. These anomalies are of a new type, not present in QFT. They generically diverge when the regulator is removed, but can be made finite with a particular choice of field content, provided that spacetime has at most four dimensions. The field content appears to include unphysical fields that violate the spin-statistics theorem.

T. A. Larsson

2009-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

149

Renormalization ambiguities and conformal anomaly in metric-scalar backgrounds  

SciTech Connect

We analyze the problem of the existing ambiguities in the conformal anomaly in theories with an external scalar field in curved backgrounds. In particular, we consider the anomaly of a self-interacting massive scalar field theory and of a Yukawa model in the massless conformal limit. In all cases the ambiguities are related to finite renormalizations of local nonminimal terms in the effective action. We point out the generic nature of this phenomenon and provide a general method to identify the theories where such an ambiguity can arise.

Asorey, M.; Berredo-Peixoto, G. de; Shapiro, I. L. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009, Zaragoza (Spain); Departamento de Fisica - ICE, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, 36036-330, MG (Brazil)

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

150

More anomaly free models of six-dimensional gauged supergravity  

SciTech Connect

We construct a huge number of anomaly free models of six-dimensional N=(1,0) gauged supergravity. The gauge groups are products of U(1) and SU(2), and every hyperino is charged under some of the gauge groups. It is also found that the potential may have flat directions when the R-symmetry is diagonally gauged together with another gauge group. In an Appendix, we determine the contribution to the global SU(2) anomaly from symplectic Majorana Weyl fermions in six dimensions.

Suzuki, Ryo; Tachikawa, Yuji [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan and Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

151

A RE-INTRODUCTION TO ANOMALIES OF CRITICALITY  

SciTech Connect

In 1974, a small innocuous document was submitted to the American Nuclear Society's Criticality Safety Division for publication that would have lasting impacts on this nuclear field The author was Duane Clayton, manager of the Battelle Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Critical Mass Lab, the world's preeminent reactor critical experimenter with plutonium solutions. The document was entitled, 'Anomalies of Criticality'. 'Anomalies...' was a compilation of more than thirty separate and distinct examples of departures from what might be commonly expected in the field of nuclear criticality. Mr. Clayton's publication was the derivative of more than ten thousand experiments and countless analytical studies conducted world-wide on every conceivable reactor system imaginable: from fissile bearing solutions to solids, blocks to arrays of fuel rods, low-enriched uranium oxide systems to pure plutonium and highly enriched uranium systems. After publication, the document was commonly used within the nuclear fuel cycle and reactor community to train potential criticality/reactor analysts, experimenters and fuel handlers on important things for consideration when designing systems with critically 'safe' parameters in mind The purpose of this paper is to re-introduce 'Anomalies of Criticality' to the current Criticality Safety community and to add new 'anomalies' to the existing compendium. By so doing, it is the authors' hope that a new generation of nuclear workers and criticality engineers will benefit from its content and might continue to build upon this work in support of the nuclear renaissance that is about to occur.

PUIGH RJ

2009-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

152

Adaptive Anomaly Detection via Self-Calibration and Dynamic Updating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the site and the type of traffic it receives, the operators might have to provide recent and sanitized sanitization resulting in a fully automated AD maintenance cycle. Our approach is completely agnostic retaining the gains in performance from the sanitization process over time. Key words: anomaly detection

Stavrou, Angelos

153

Stealthy Poisoning Attacks on PCA-based Anomaly Detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Principal Components Analysis, Adversarial Learning 1. INTRODUCTION We explore vulnerabilities associated. Ringberg et al. showed that routing outages can pollute the normal subspace [4]; a kind of non-adversarial anomalies in backbone networks. To assess these detectors' susceptibility to adversaries wishing to evade

Tygar, Doug

154

Congenital anomalies and childhood cancer in Great Britain  

SciTech Connect

The presence of cancer and a congenital anomaly in the same child may be explained in certain cases by an underlying genetic abnormality. The study of these associations may lead to the identification of genes that are important in both processes. We have examined the records of 20,304 children with cancer in Britain, who were entered into the National Registry of Childhood Tumors (NRCT) during 1971-86, for the presence of congenital anomalies. The frequency of anomalies was much higher among children with solid tumors (4.4%) than among those with leukemia or lymphoma (2.6%; P < .0001). The types of cancer with the highest rates of anomalies were Wilms tumor (8.1 %), Ewing sarcoma (5.8%), hepatoblastoma (6.4%), and gonadal and germ-cell tumors (6.4%). Cases of spina bifida and abnormalities of the eye, ribs, and spine were more common in children with cancer than among population-based controls. Future studies may be directed toward identifying the developmental pathways and the relevant genes that are involved in the overlap between pediatric cancer and malformation. 46 refs., 12 tabs.

Narod, S.A. [Univ. of Toronto (Canada); Hawkins, M.M.; Robertson, C.M.; Stiller, C.A. [Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Transductive anomaly detection Clayton Scott and Gilles Blanchard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transductive anomaly detection Clayton Scott and Gilles Blanchard August 20, 2008 Abstract One approach, the transductive approach yields detectors that are optimal (e.g., statisti- cally consistent potentially of both nominal and anomalous data. We assume that each xi, i = m + 1, . . . , m + n is paired

Scott, Clayton

156

Anomaly Extraction in Backbone Networks using Association Rules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anomaly Extraction in Backbone Networks using Association Rules Daniela Brauckhoff ETH Zurich Zurich, Switzerland brauckhoff@tik.ee.ethz.ch Xenofontas Dimitropoulos ETH Zurich Zurich, Switzerland fontas@tik.ee.ethz.ch Arno Wagner ETH Zurich Zurich, Switzerland wagner@tik.ee.ethz.ch Kavè Salamatian

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

157

Correlation between thermodynamic anomalies and pathways of ice nucleation in supercooled water  

SciTech Connect

The well-known classical nucleation theory (CNT) for the free energy barrier towards formation of a nucleus of critical size of the new stable phase within the parent metastable phase fails to take into account the influence of other metastable phases having density/order intermediate between the parent metastable phase and the final stable phase. This lacuna can be more serious than capillary approximation or spherical shape assumption made in CNT. This issue is particularly significant in ice nucleation because liquid water shows rich phase diagram consisting of two (high and low density) liquid phases in supercooled state. The explanations of thermodynamic and dynamic anomalies of supercooled water often invoke the possible influence of a liquid-liquid transition between two metastable liquid phases. To investigate both the role of thermodynamic anomalies and presence of distinct metastable liquid phases in supercooled water on ice nucleation, we employ density functional theoretical approach to find nucleation free energy barrier in different regions of phase diagram. The theory makes a number of striking predictions, such as a dramatic lowering of nucleation barrier due to presence of a metastable intermediate phase and crossover in the dependence of free energy barrier on temperature near liquid-liquid critical point. These predictions can be tested by computer simulations as well as by controlled experiments.

Singh, Rakesh S.; Bagchi, Biman, E-mail: bbagchi@sscu.iisc.ernet.in [Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)] [Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

158

Zonal displacement of western Pacific warm pool and zonal wind anomaly over the Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The thermal condition anomaly of the western Pacific warm pool and its zonal displacement have ... impact of the zonal wind anomaly over the Pacific Ocean on zonal displacement of the warm pool ... to the zonal w...

Qilong Zhang ???; Qinghua Zhang ???

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Profile-based adaptive anomaly detection for network security.  

SciTech Connect

As information systems become increasingly complex and pervasive, they become inextricably intertwined with the critical infrastructure of national, public, and private organizations. The problem of recognizing and evaluating threats against these complex, heterogeneous networks of cyber and physical components is a difficult one, yet a solution is vital to ensuring security. In this paper we investigate profile-based anomaly detection techniques that can be used to address this problem. We focus primarily on the area of network anomaly detection, but the approach could be extended to other problem domains. We investigate using several data analysis techniques to create profiles of network hosts and perform anomaly detection using those profiles. The ''profiles'' reduce multi-dimensional vectors representing ''normal behavior'' into fewer dimensions, thus allowing pattern and cluster discovery. New events are compared against the profiles, producing a quantitative measure of how ''anomalous'' the event is. Most network intrusion detection systems (IDSs) detect malicious behavior by searching for known patterns in the network traffic. This approach suffers from several weaknesses, including a lack of generalizability, an inability to detect stealthy or novel attacks, and lack of flexibility regarding alarm thresholds. Our research focuses on enhancing current IDS capabilities by addressing some of these shortcomings. We identify and evaluate promising techniques for data mining and machine-learning. The algorithms are ''trained'' by providing them with a series of data-points from ''normal'' network traffic. A successful algorithm can be trained automatically and efficiently, will have a low error rate (low false alarm and miss rates), and will be able to identify anomalies in ''pseudo real-time'' (i.e., while the intrusion is still in progress, rather than after the fact). We also build a prototype anomaly detection tool that demonstrates how the techniques might be integrated into an operational intrusion detection framework.

Zhang, Pengchu C. (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Durgin, Nancy Ann

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Correlation of GSO satellite anomalies with space weather data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work summarizes the main results of our studies at the ISRO cell of IIT-Mumbai, on the relationship between space weather and geostationary satellite anomalies. We point out that the essence of the problem is to understand quantitatively the relationships between changes in space weather at the Sun (S) and the dayside Lagrangian point (L1) on the one hand, and on the other hand the electron/proton fluxes and magnetic field changes at the geostationary altitude (G). Electromagnetic and cosmic ray changes at the Earth surface (E) are also related to the field and particle changes observed at G. We have evolved prediction programs for satellite anomalies based on proton events on the Sun, the solar wind speeds measured at L1, and the 2MeV electron flux enhancements observed at G. The probabilities and time lags of the occurrence of satellite anomalies are also governed by whether the shock in solar wind and IMF parameters detected at L1 is of a sharp or a diffuse type. From a comparative study of the two years 2005 and 2006 with very different space weather conditions, we find that the type and number of anomalies is (1) clearly governed by the magnitude of the interplanetary electric field E sw , and hence by the IMF B and (2) by the number of proton events on the Sun. We are currently exploring the role played by the ratio of 2MeV electrons to the > 1 MeV protons, both at G, in the occurrence of satellite anomalies.

C.G. Patil; Girija Rajaram; M.Y.S. Prasad

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

ARM: W-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (W-SACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

W-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (W-SACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)

Widener, Kevin; Nelson, Dan; Bharadwaj, Nitin; Lindenmaier, Iosif [Andrei; Johnson, Karen

162

ARM: Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (KASACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scan (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (KASACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scan (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)

Bharadwaj, Nitin; Widener, Kevin

163

ARM: X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)

Widener, Kevin; Nelson, Dan; Bharadwaj, Nitin; Lindenmaier, Iosif [Andrei; Johnson, Karen

164

Rock magnetic investigation of possible sources of the Bangui magnetic anomaly1 , M., Quesnel2*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rock magnetic investigation of possible sources of the Bangui magnetic anomaly1 2 Ouabego1,2 , M 44297159514 Email: quesnel@cerege.fr15 16 Abstract17 The Bangui Magnetic Anomaly (BMA) is the largest lithospheric magnetic field anomaly on18 Earth at low latitudes. Previous studies investigated its geological

Boyer, Edmond

165

A Palaeomagnetic Pole from Late Cretaceous Marine Magnetic Anomalies in the Pacific  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......three in the South-westPacific Basin (SW-1, SW-2 and SW-3...anomalies around the magnetic bight in the North Pacific (Vine...in the South-east Pacific Basin. These anomalies were formed...in the South-east Pacific Basin. These anomalies are the counterparts......

Steven C. Cande

1976-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

The Transient Atmospheric Circulation Response to North Atlantic SST and Sea Ice Anomalies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Transient Atmospheric Circulation Response to North Atlantic SST and Sea Ice Anomalies CLARA of the wintertime atmospheric circu- lation response to imposed patterns of SST and sea ice extent anomalies may produce different responses to the same SST anomaly depend- ing on their simulation

Hurrell, James

167

Development of 2-Meter Soil Temperature Probes and Results of Temperature  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development of 2-Meter Soil Temperature Probes and Results of Temperature Development of 2-Meter Soil Temperature Probes and Results of Temperature Survey Conducted at Desert Peak, Nevada, USA Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Development of 2-Meter Soil Temperature Probes and Results of Temperature Survey Conducted at Desert Peak, Nevada, USA Abstract Temperature gradient drilling has historically been a key tool in the exploration for geothermal resources in the Great Basin, USA but regulatory, environmental, and accessibility issues, as well as the expense of drilling, are increasingly limiting its use. In cases where thermal groundwater is not overlain by near-surface cold aquifers, temperatures measured at a depth of 2-meters is an efficient method for mapping thermal anomalies at a high level of detail. This is useful for augmenting deeper

168

North Australian Sea Surface Temperatures and the El NioSouthern Oscillation in the CMIP5 Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aspects of the climate of Australia are linked to interannual variability of the sea surface temperatures (SSTs) to the north of the country. SST anomalies in this region have been shown to exhibit strong, seasonally varying links to ENSO and ...

Jennifer L. Catto; Neville Nicholls; Christian Jakob

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Earth system models: a test using the mid-Holocene in the Southern Hemisphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Palaeoclimatic reconstructions from proxy data have been compared with climate model outcomes for three decades. It has become evident that explanations of past climates can rely on neither data source alone, the former often being descriptive tools and the latter dependent on model structures and parameterisations. The status of vegetation changes, either as a follower of climate changes or as a modulator of insolationterrestrial system responses, is vital if proxy records are to be effectively interpreted in climate terms and if models are to be more robust in appropriately incorporating vegetation roles. We use an earth system model (CLIMBER) and proxy data from Southern Hemisphere locations to compare postdictions of mid-Holocene climates. It is concluded that climate simulations and predictions are likely to be inaccurate if vegetation is not properly incorporated, and appropriate models can allow hypotheses to be developed that better explain atmosphereearth system linkages.

Robert J. Wasson; Martin Claussen

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Generalized two-dimensional chiral QED: Anomaly and exotic statistics  

SciTech Connect

We study the influence of the anomaly on the physical quantum picture of the generalized chiral Schwinger model defined on S{sup 1}. We show that the anomaly (i) results in the background linearly rising electric field and (ii) makes the spectrum of the physical Hamiltonian nonrelativistic without a massive boson. The physical matter fields acquire exotic statistics. We construct explicitly the algebra of the Poincar{acute e} generators and show that it differs from the Poincar{acute e} one. We exhibit the role of the vacuum Berry phase in the failure of the Poincar{acute e} algebra to close. We prove that, in spite of the background electric field, such phenomenon as the total screening of external charges characteristic for the standard Schwinger model takes place in the generalized chiral Schwinger model, too. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Saradzhev, F.M. [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Huseyn Javid prospect 33, 370143 Baku (Azerbaijan)] [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Huseyn Javid prospect 33, 370143 Baku (Azerbaijan)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Consistent description of kinetic equation with triangle anomaly  

SciTech Connect

We provide a consistent description of the kinetic equation with a triangle anomaly which is compatible with the entropy principle of the second law of thermodynamics and the charge/energy-momentum conservation equations. In general an anomalous source term is necessary to ensure that the equations for the charge and energy-momentum conservation are satisfied and that the correction terms of distribution functions are compatible to these equations. The constraining equations from the entropy principle are derived for the anomaly-induced leading order corrections to the particle distribution functions. The correction terms can be determined for the minimum number of unknown coefficients in one charge and two charge cases by solving the constraining equations.

Pu Shi; Gao Jianhua; Wang Qun [Interdisciplinary Center for Theoretical Study and Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Day-to-day variations of temperature in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(I. V. ) oi' temperature in e-ch month. The data i' or thc period 1959 to 1963 vere processed by the I:. .' 3CO/65 computer which printed the frequency distributions and various statistical values used in anal- yzing the distributions. Average... AHSTB'CT ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ LIST OF PIC~'i!!4 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ LIST OF TA!ILES ~ ~ 0 ~ 0 ~ \\ Chapter LNTRODVI TIOk ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Vill General !IISTORICAL EiCKCROi;:R3 ~ ~ ~ Introduction Southern Hemisphere Europe Asia United States Su...

Breese, Richard Preston

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

173

Jahn-Teller Phonon Anomaly and Dynamic Phase Fluctuations in La{sub 0.7}Ca{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3}  

SciTech Connect

Inelastic neutron scattering was used to study the temperature (T) dependence of the lattice excitations in La{sub 0.7}Ca {sub 0.3}MnO {sub 3} . An optical Jahn-Teller phonon exhibits continuous but anomalous damping with increasing temperature in the ferromagnetic-metallic phase and collapses above the Curie temperature T{sub C} (240K). We attribute this anomaly to the growing dynamic phase segregation as T{yields}T{sub C} , thus providing evidence of local fluctuations associated with the short-range polaron or charge/orbital ordering in the ferromagnetic-metallic state.

Zhang, Jiandi; Dai, Pengcheng; Fernandez-Baca, J. A.; Plummer, E. W.; Tomioka, Y.; Tokura, Y.

2001-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

174

Letter to the Editor Temperature anomalies in high northerly latitudes and their link  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

meteorological records which led extremes in the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) by a number of months and hourly wind directional and velocity measurements (in each 10° sector) were available for one monitoring continuous time series of coastal SSTs and concomitant surface wind conditions between January 1961 and April

Boyer, Edmond

175

Pressure &Pressure & TemperatureTemperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to measure atmospheric pressure, and thermometer toprobe to measure atmospheric pressure, and thermometer toprobe to measure atmospheric pressure, and thermometer toprobe to measure atmospheric pressure, and thermometer to measure air temperature.measure air temperature.measure air temperature.measure air temperature

California at Santa Cruz, University of

176

Ward identities and chiral anomalies for coupled fermionic chains  

SciTech Connect

Coupled fermionic chains are usually described by an effective model written in terms of bonding and anti-bonding fermionic fields with linear dispersion in the vicinities of the respective Fermi points. We derive for the first time exact Ward Identities (WI) for this model, proving the existence of chiral anomalies which verify the Adler-Bardeen non-renormalization property. Such WI are expected to play a crucial role in the understanding of the thermodynamic properties of the system. Our results are non-perturbative and are obtained analyzing Grassmann functional integrals by means of constructive quantum field theory methods.

Costa, L. C. [Centro de Cincias Naturais e Humanas, Universidade Federal do ABC, 09210-170 Santo Andr (Brazil)] [Centro de Cincias Naturais e Humanas, Universidade Federal do ABC, 09210-170 Santo Andr (Brazil); Ferraz, A. [Department of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, International Institute of Physics, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, 59012-970 Natal (Brazil)] [Department of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, International Institute of Physics, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, 59012-970 Natal (Brazil); Mastropietro, Vieri [Dipartimento di Matematica F. Enriques, Universit di Milano, Via C. Saldini 50, 20133 Milano (Italy)] [Dipartimento di Matematica F. Enriques, Universit di Milano, Via C. Saldini 50, 20133 Milano (Italy)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

177

Holomorphic Anomaly in Gauge Theory on ALE space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider four-dimensional Omega-deformed N=2 supersymmetric SU(2) gauge theory on A1 space and its lift to five dimensions. We find that the partition functions can be reproduced via special geometry and the holomorphic anomaly equation. Schwinger type integral expressions for the boundary conditions at the monopole/dyon point in moduli space are inferred. The interpretation of the five-dimensional partition function as the partition function of a refined topological string on A1x(local P1xP1) is suggested.

Daniel Krefl; Sheng-Yu Darren Shih

2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

178

Holomorphic Anomaly in Gauge Theory on ALE space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider four-dimensional Omega-deformed N=2 supersymmetric SU(2) gauge theory on A1 space and its lift to five dimensions. We find that the partition functions can be reproduced via special geometry and the holomorphic anomaly equation. Schwinger type integral expressions for the boundary conditions at the monopole/dyon point in moduli space are inferred. The interpretation of the five-dimensional partition function as the partition function of a refined topological string on A1x(local P1xP1) is suggested.

Krefl, Daniel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Contribution to the muon anomaly from superstring-inspired models  

SciTech Connect

We calculate the contribution to the muon anomaly induced by new Yukawa couplings involving heavy-matter E/sub 6/ fields predicted in the framework of superstring theories. We analyze a few models found in the current literature and show that for some of them the effect is on the order of the standard weak contribution. We produce a specific example where the effect could be even larger. Thus, we conclude that an improved (g-2)/sub ..mu../ experiment should be sensitive to such effects, if they happen to exist.

Grifols, J.A.; Mendez, A.; Sola-grave-accent, J.

1986-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

180

Muon g-2 Anomaly and Dark Leptonic Gauge Boson  

SciTech Connect

One of the major motivations to search for a dark gauge boson of MeV-GeV scale is the long-standing muon g-2 anomaly. Because of active searches such as fixed target experiments and rare meson decays, the muon g-2 favored parameter region has been rapidly reduced. With the most recent data, it is practically excluded now in the popular dark photon model. We overview the issue and investigate a potentially alternative model based on the gauged lepton number or U(1)_L, which is under different experimental constraints.

Lee, Hye-Sung [W& M

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Heat kernel, effective action and anomalies in noncommutative theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Being motivated by physical applications (as the phi^4 model) we calculate the heat kernel coefficients for generalised Laplacians on the Moyal plane containing both left and right multiplications. We found both star-local and star-nonlocal terms. By using these results we calculate the large mass and strong noncommutativity expansion of the effective action and of the vacuum energy. We also study the axial anomaly in the models with gauge fields acting on fermions from the left and from the right.

Dmitri V. Vassilevich

2005-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

182

Testing the OPERA Superluminal Neutrino Anomaly at the LHC  

SciTech Connect

The OPERA collaboration has reported the observation of superluminal muon neutrinos, whose speed v{sub {nu}} exceeds that of light c, with (v{sub {nu}}-c)/c {approx_equal} 2.5 x 10{sup -5}. In a recent work, Cohen and Glashow (CG) have refuted this claim by noting that such neutrinos will lose energy, by pair-emission of particles, at unacceptable rates. Following the CG arguments, we point out that pair-emissions consistent with the OPERA anomaly can lead to detectable signals for neutrinos originating from decays of highly boosted top quarks at the LHC, allowing an independent test of the superluminal neutrino hypothesis.

Davoudiasl, Hooman; /Brookhaven; Rizzo, Thomas G.; /SLAC

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

183

Testing the OPERA superluminal neutrino anomaly at the LHC  

SciTech Connect

The OPERA Collaboration has reported the observation of superluminal muon neutrinos, whose speed v{sub v} exceeds that of light c, with (v{sub v}-c)/c {approx_equal} 2.5 x 10{sup -5}. In a recent work, Cohen and Glashow have refuted this claim by noting that such neutrinos will lose energy, by pair emission of particles, at unacceptable rates. Following the Cohen and Glashow arguments, we point out that pair emissions consistent with the OPERA anomaly can lead to detectable signals for neutrinos originating from decays of highly boosted top quarks at the LHC, allowing an independent test of the superluminal neutrino hypothesis.

Davoudiasl H.; Rizzo, T.

2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

184

CHINESE JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICS Vol.49, No.3, 2006, pp: 588598 REGIONAL DIFFERENCE OF SUMMER AIR TEMPERATURE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SURFACE TEMPERATURE SUN Jian-Qi1,2 WANG Hui-Jun1 1 State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling, the temporal- spatial distributions of summer air temperature (SAT) are investigated. It is found TEMPERATURE ANOMALIES IN NORTHEAST CHINA AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO ATMOSPHERIC GENERAL CIRCULATION AND SEA

185

A Large Self-Potential Anomaly And Its Changes On The Quiet Mt Fuji, Japan  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Self-Potential Anomaly And Its Changes On The Quiet Mt Fuji, Japan Self-Potential Anomaly And Its Changes On The Quiet Mt Fuji, Japan Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Large Self-Potential Anomaly And Its Changes On The Quiet Mt Fuji, Japan Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Self-potential (SP) surveys were carried out on Mt. Fuji volcano, Japan, and an intense positive anomaly (about 2000 mV) was found in the summit area. The positive SP anomaly was stable on 2001 and 2002, but increased 150 mV in amplitude on September 12, 2003, and suddenly decreased 300 mV two weeks later. This amplitude change coincides with the emergence of the fumaroles, which appeared for the first time in 40 years, on the east-northeast flank 6 km apart from the summit. The SP anomaly is thought

186

Fast ignition of a compressed inertial confinement fusion hemispherical capsule by two proton beams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A hemispherical conically guided indirectly driven inertial confinement fusion capsule has been considered. The fast ignition of the precompressed capsule driven by one or two laser-accelerated proton beams has been numerically investigated. The energy distribution of the protons is Gaussian with a mean energy of 12 MeV and a full width at half maximum of 1 MeV . A new scheme that uses two laser-accelerated proton beams is proposed. It is found that the energy deposition of 1 kJ provided by a first proton beam generates a low-density cylindrical channel and launches a forward shock. A second proton beam delayed by a few tens of ps and driving the energy of 6 kJ crosses the low-density channel and heats the dense shocked region where the ignition of the deuterium-tritium nuclear fuel is achieved. For the considered capsule this new two-beam configuration reduces the ignition energy threshold to 7 kJ .

Mauro Temporal

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Probing the Local Bubble with Diffuse Interstellar Bands. II. The DIB properties in the Northern hemisphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new high signal to noise ratio spectroscopic survey of the Northern hemisphere to probe the Local Bubble and its surroundings using the $\\lambda 5780$ \\AA\\ and $\\lambda 5797$ \\AA\\ Diffuse Interstellar Bands (DIBs). We observed 432 sightlines to a distance of 200 pc over a duration of 3 years. In this study, we establish the $\\lambda 5780$ and $\\lambda 5797$ correlations with Na I, Ca II and E(B-V), for both inside and outside the Local Bubble. The correlations show that among all neutral and ionized atoms, the correlation between Ca II and $\\lambda5780$ is stronger than its correlation with $\\lambda5797$, suggesting that $\\lambda5780$ is more associated with regions where Ca$^{+}$ is more abundant. We study the $\\lambda5780$ correlation with $\\lambda5797$, which shows a tight correlation within and outside the Local Bubble. In addition we investigate the DIB properties in UV irradiated and UV shielded regions. We find that, within and beyond the Local Bubble, $\\lambda5797$ is located in denser pa...

Farhang, Amin; Javadi, Atefeh; van Loon, Jacco Th; Bailey, Mandy; Molaeinezhad, Alireza; Tavasoli, Saeed; Habibi, Farhang; Kourkchi, Ehsan; Rezaei, Sara; Saberi, Maryam; Hardy, Liam

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomaly detection based Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information Sciences Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 41 ACM SIGCOMM INTERNET MEASUREMENT WORKSHOP 2001 1 Characteristics of Network Traffic Flow Anomalies...

189

E-Print Network 3.0 - assisted anomaly mediation Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

environments. Surface waters are typically LREE depleted... to the North America Shale Composite), have strongly negative Ce anomalies (Ce Ce*NASC ranges from 0.02 to...

190

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomaly-based network intrusion Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 5 INTRUSION DETECTION IN MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKS Summary: is anomaly-based intrusion detection which profiles the symptoms...

191

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomaly guandong nuclear Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

guandong nuclear Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: anomaly guandong nuclear Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 An Integrated Scheme for...

192

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomaly evaluating newly Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OF THE ROYAL METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 00: 120 (2010) Summary: salinity anomaly near the eastern bound- ary. The newly emerged density gradient at around...

193

E-Print Network 3.0 - acquired pseudo-pelger-hut anomaly Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

site in ultramafic environment Summary: A positive magnetic anomaly at Rainbow hydrothermal site in ultramafic environment Jrme DYMENT1... substratum present a...

194

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomaly grass valley Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to work in partnership with the geothermal... Calvin, Mark Coolbaugh, and Chris Kratt Remote Sensing for Mapping Mineralogy and Thermal Anomalies Hymap Source: Faulds, James E....

195

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomaly-based intrusion detection Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and future anomaly-based intrusion detection systems. 1... arsenal, and the focus of this work, is the ... Source: Maxion, Roy - School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon...

196

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmospheric neutrino anomaly Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics Group Collection: Physics 15 Vol. 30 (1999) ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA B No 11 PHENOMENOLOGY OF NEUTRINO MASSES Summary: ; Atmospheric neutrino anomaly: Interpreted as...

197

Extension of the Southern Hemisphere Atmospheric Radiocarbon Curve, 2120-850 years BP: Results from Tasmanian Huon Pine  

SciTech Connect

Decadal samples of dendrochronologically-dated pine (Lagorostrobos franklinii) from the Stanley River basin, Tasmania have been radiocarbon dated between 2120-850 yr BP. This data set overlaps and extends the current Southern Hemisphere record, which currently covers the period 110-995 yr BP. There is good agreement between the two records between 995-850 yr BP, between sample replicates and with consensus values for standards. As in the younger dataset, we find evidence for a distinct but variable offset between the southern hemisphere data and IntCal04; although this is likely due to real temporal variability in the interhemispheric offset, further work is planned to rule out possible laboratory or sample preparation differences.

Zimmerman, S R; P.Guilderson, T; Buckley, B M; Cook, E

2010-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

198

Subsurface temperature distributions in south Texas  

SciTech Connect

Isothermal surfaces and temperature gradients confirm the presence of anomalously high geothermal gradients within south Texas. The authors have analyzed over 2,200 oil and gas well logs and compiled more than 5,200 corrected bottom-hole temperature measurements. The data show that temperature gradients often steepen from around 30{degree}C/km up to 60{degree}C/km near the top of geopressure (> 15.8 kPa/m from 1,800 to 3,600 m) through much of the south Texas Gulf Coast. However, the highest gradients coincide with the Wilcox growth-fault zone. Within the Wilcox trend, isotherms indicate that the elevated temperatures become more prominent with depth. Their qualitative analyses indicate that the thermal anomaly is caused by advecting fluids moving upward, along and just coastward of the Wilcox fault zone. In addition, preliminary computer modeling indicates that a pulse or pulses of deep upwelling fluids could create the anomalous temperatures. Petrographic and geochemical data are also consistent with enhanced fluid flux in the zones of elevated temperatures, as are the distributions of hydrocarbon and uranium deposits. Higher temperatures also exist above the top of geopressure along the Wilcox trend, which suggests that fluids are escaping from the geopressured zone via growth faults and perturbing the temperature field in the overlying meteoric regime. Although a few areas of the Vicksburg-Frio growth fault zones have elevated temperature gradients below the top of geopressure, it is still unknown why such a prominent thermal anomaly occurs along the Wilcox trend but not along the Vicksburg and Frio trends.

Pfeiffer, D.S.; Sharp, J.M. Jr. (Univ. of Texas, Austin (USA))

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Asymmetric effects of daytime and night-time warming on Northern Hemisphere vegetation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... higher night temperature from global warming. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 101, 99719975 (2004) Prasad, P. V. V., Pisipati, S. R., Ristic, ...

Shushi Peng; Shilong Piao; Philippe Ciais; Ranga B. Myneni; Anping Chen; Frdric Chevallier; Albertus J. Dolman; Ivan A. Janssens; Josep Peuelas; Gengxin Zhang; Sara Vicca; Shiqiang Wan; Shiping Wang; Hui Zeng

2013-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

200

NASA GISS Surface Temperature (GISTEMP) Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NASA GISS Surface Temperature (GISTEMP) Analysis NASA GISS Surface Temperature (GISTEMP) Analysis DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/cli.001 Graphics Graphics data Data Contributors Hansen, J.E.,1 R. Ruedy,2 M. Sato,3 and K. Lo2 1National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2SGT, Inc., 3Columbia University, Center for Climate Systems Research, NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, 2880 Broadway, New York, NY 10025 USA Period of Record 1880-2012 (Anomalies are relative to the 1951-80 base period means.) Methods The NASA GISS Surface Temperature (GISTEMP) analysis provides a measure of the changing global surface temperature with monthly resolution for the period since 1880, when a reasonably global distribution of meteorological stations was established. The input data Hansen et al. use for the analysis, collected by many national meteorological services around the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Geothermal low-temperature reservoir assessment in Dona Ana County, New Mexico. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Sixty-four shallow temperature gradient holes were drilled on the Mesilla Valley East Mesa (east of Interstate Highways 10 and 25), stretching from US Highway 70 north of Las Cruces to NM Highway 404 adjacent to Anthony, New Mexico. Using these data as part of the site selection process, Chaffee Geothermal, Ltd. of Denver, Colorado, drilled two low-temperature geothermal production wells to the immediate north and south of Tortugas Mountain and encountered a significant low-temperature reservoir, with a temperature of about 150{sup 0}F and flow rates of 750 to 1500 gallons per minute at depths from 650 to 1250 feet. These joint exploration activities resulted in the discovery and confirmation of a 30-square-mile low-temperature geothermal anomaly just a few miles to the east of Las Cruces that has been newly named as the Las Cruces east Mesa Geothermal Field. Elevated temperature and heat flow data suggest that the thermal anomaly is fault controlled and extends southward to the Texas border covering a 100-square-mile area. With the exception of some localized perturbations, the anomaly appears to decrease in temperature from the north to the south. Deeper drilling is required in the southern part of the anomaly to confirm the existence of commercially-exploitable geothermal waters.

Icerman, L.; Lohse, R.L.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Core-softened Fluids, Water-like Anomalies and the Liquid-Liquid Critical Points  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. INTRODUCTION Water is characterized by well-known thermodynamic and kinetic liquid-state anomalies; for examplePREPRINT Core-softened Fluids, Water-like Anomalies and the Liquid-Liquid Critical Points Evy simulations are used to examine the relationship between water-like anoma- lies and the liquid-liquid critical

Barbosa, Marcia C. B.

203

Anomaly Detection in Medical Wireless Sensor Networks using SVM and Linear Regression Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper details the architecture and describes the preliminary experimentation with the proposed framework for anomaly detection in medical wireless body area networks for ubiquitous patient and healthcare monitoring. The architecture integrates novel ... Keywords: Healthcare Monitoring, Malicious Attacks, Medical Systems, Patient Anomaly Detection, Sensor Faults, Wireless Body Area Networks

Osman Salem, Alexey Guerassimov, Ahmed Mehaoua, Anthony Marcus, Borko Furht

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

M-anomaly Analyses and its implications for the architecture of the upper oceanic crust  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

light on the causes of a ubiquitously distributed ?Atlantic anomaly smooth zone? where little coherency among M5-M15 anomaly sequence is observed. For the second theme, I analyzed the architecture of 15 m.y. old superfast spreading East Pacific Rise...

Tominaga, Masako

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

205

Deep-tow study of magnetic anomalies in the Pacific Jurassic Quiet Zone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Jurassic Quiet Zone (JQZ) is a region of low amplitude, difficult-to-correlate magnetic anomalies located over Jurassic oceanic crust. We collected 1200 km of new deep-tow magnetic anomaly profiles over the Pacific JQZ that complement 2 deep...

Tominaga, Masako

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

206

Different space weather effects in anomalies of the high and low orbital satellites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Preliminary results of the EU INTAS Project 00810, which aims to improve the methods of safeguarding satellites in the Earths magnetosphere from the negative effects of the space environment, are presented. Anomaly data from the Kosmos series satellites in the period 19711999 are combined in one database, together with similar information on other spacecraft. This database contains, beyond the anomaly information, various characteristics of the space weather: geomagnetic activity indices (Ap, AE and Dst), fluxes and fluences of electrons and protons at different energies, high energy cosmic ray variations and other solar, interplanetary and solar wind data. A comparative analysis of the distribution of each of these parameters relative to satellite anomalies was carried out for the total number of anomalies (about 6000 events), and separately for high (?5000 events) and low (about 800 events) altitude orbit satellites. No relation was found between low and high altitude satellite anomalies. Daily numbers of satellite anomalies, averaged by a superposed epoch method around sudden storm commencements and proton event onsets for high (>1500km) and low (Satellites were divided on several groups according to the orbital characteristics (altitude and inclination). The relation of satellite anomalies to the environmental parameters was found to be different for various orbits that should be taken into account under developing of the anomaly frequency models.

L.I. Dorman; A.V. Belov; E.A. Eroshenko; L.I. Gromova; N. Iucci; A.E. Levitin; M. Parisi; N.G. Ptitsyna; L.A. Pustilnik; M.I. Tyasto; E.S. Vernova; G. Villoresi; V.G. Yanke; I.G. Zukerman

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Simulated Arctic atmospheric feedbacks associated with late summer sea ice anomalies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulated Arctic atmospheric feedbacks associated with late summer sea ice anomalies A. Rinke,1,2 K depend on regional and decadal variations in the coupled atmosphere-ocean-sea ice system. Citation: Rinke to investigate feedbacks between September sea ice anomalies in the Arctic and atmospheric conditions in autumn

Moore, John

208

Hot flow anomaly remnant in the far geotail?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A hot flow anomaly (HFA) like event was observed by the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO) in the night side magnetosheath in the far tail in February-March 2007. The magnetic signature of the tangential discontinuity was visible, but the resolution of the plasma ion data is not sufficient for our analysis, so a method is given to identify HFAs without solar wind velocity measurements. The event observed in the night side magnetosheath in the far tail might be the remnant of an HFA event, a not-so-active current sheet. This observation suggests that the lifetime of the HFAs might be several 10 minutes, much longer than the expected several minutes.

Facsk, Gbor; Lavraud, Benoit; Luhmann, Janet G; Russell, Christopher T; Sauvaud, Jean-Andre; Fedorov, Andrei; Kis, rpd; Wesztergom, Viktor

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Electron Capture and Scaling Anomaly in Polar Molecules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new analysis of the electron capture mechanism in polar molecules, based on von Neumann's theory of self-adjoint extensions. Our analysis suggests that it is theoretically possible for polar molecules to form bound states with electrons, even with dipole moments smaller than the critical value D_0 given by 1.63\\times10^{-18} esu cm. This prediction is consistent with the observed anomalous electron scattering in H_2S and HCl, whose dipole moments are smaller than the critical value D_0. We also show that for a polar molecule with dipole moment less than D_0, typically there is only a single bound state, which is in qualitative agreement with observations. We argue that the quantum mechanical scaling anomaly is responsible for the formation of these bound states.

Pulak Ranjan Giri; Kumar S. Gupta; S. Meljanac; A. Samsarov

2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

210

Log Summarization and Anomaly Detection for TroubleshootingDistributed Systems  

SciTech Connect

Today's system monitoring tools are capable of detectingsystem failures such as host failures, OS errors, and network partitionsin near-real time. Unfortunately, the same cannot yet be said of theend-to-end distributed softwarestack. Any given action, for example,reliably transferring a directory of files, can involve a wide range ofcomplex and interrelated actions across multiple pieces of software:checking user certificates and permissions, getting details for allfiles, performing third-party transfers, understanding re-try policydecisions, etc. We present an infrastructure for troubleshooting complexmiddleware, a general purpose technique for configurable logsummarization, and an anomaly detection technique that works in near-realtime on running Grid middleware. We present results gathered using thisinfrastructure from instrumented Grid middleware and applications runningon the Emulab testbed. From these results, we analyze the effectivenessof several algorithms at accurately detecting a variety of performanceanomalies.

Gunter, Dan; Tierney, Brian L.; Brown, Aaron; Swany, Martin; Bresnahan, John; Schopf, Jennifer M.

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Elastic anomalies associated with transformation sequences in perovskites: II. The strontium zirconatetitanate Sr(Zr,Ti)O  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elastic anomalies associated with transformation sequences in perovskites: II. The strontium.1088/0953-8984/21/1/015902 Elastic anomalies associated with transformation sequences in perovskites: II. The strontium zirconate

Cambridge, University of

212

FIRST SYNOPTIC MAPS OF PHOTOSPHERIC VECTOR MAGNETIC FIELD FROM SOLIS/VSM: NON-RADIAL MAGNETIC FIELDS AND HEMISPHERIC PATTERN OF HELICITY  

SciTech Connect

We use daily full-disk vector magnetograms from Vector Spectromagnetograph on Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun system to synthesize the first Carrington maps of the photospheric vector magnetic field. We describe these maps and make a comparison of the observed radial field with the radial field estimate from line-of-sight magnetograms. Furthermore, we employ these maps to study the hemispheric pattern of current helicity density, H{sub c} , during the rising phase of solar cycle 24. The longitudinal average over the 23 consecutive solar rotations shows a clear signature of the hemispheric helicity rule, i.e., H{sub c} is predominantly negative in the north and positive in the south. Although our data include the early phase of cycle 24, there appears to be no evidence for a possible (systematic) reversal of the hemispheric helicity rule at the beginning of the cycle as predicted by some dynamo models. Furthermore, we compute the hemispheric pattern in active region latitudes (-30 Degree-Sign {<=} {theta} {<=} 30 Degree-Sign ) separately for weak (100 G < |B{sub r} | < 500 G) and strong (|B{sub r} | > 1000 G) radial magnetic fields. We find that while the current helicity of strong fields follows the well-known hemispheric rule (i.e., {theta} {center_dot} H{sub c} < 0), H{sub c} of weak fields exhibits an inverse hemispheric behavior (i.e., {theta} {center_dot} H{sub c} > 0), albeit with large statistical scatter. We discuss two plausible scenarios to explain the opposite hemispheric trend of helicity in weak and strong field regions.

Gosain, S.; Pevtsov, A. A. [National Solar Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Rudenko, G. V.; Anfinogentov, S. A. [Institute of Solar-Terrestrial Physics (ISTP), Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk (Russian Federation)

2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

213

TRENDS: TEMPERATURE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Historical Isotopic Temperature Record from the Vostok Ice Core Historical Isotopic Temperature Record from the Vostok Ice Core Graphics Digital Data J.R. Petit, D. Raynaud, and C. Lorius Laboratoire de Glaciogie et Géophysique de l'Environnement, CNRS, Saint Martin d'Hères Cedex, France J. Jouzel and G. Delaygue Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE), CEA/CNRS, L'Orme des Merisiers, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France N.I. Barkov Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, Beringa Street 38, 199397 St. Petersburg, Russia V.M. Kotlyakov Institute of Geography, Staromonetny, per 29, Moscow 109017, Russia DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/cli.006 Period of Record 420,000 years BP-present Methods Because isotopic fractions of the heavier oxygen-18 (18O) and deuterium (D) in snowfall are temperature-dependent and a strong spatial correlation

214

Regional North American gravity and magnetic anomaly correlations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......volcanic rocks of the Snake River Plain, Idaho...A. , 1964. Developments in Solid Earth...combined with lateral temperature perturbations are...regionally higher temperatures are associated...volcanic rocks of the Snake River Plain, Idaho...A., 1964. Developments in Solid Earth......

R. R. B. von Frese; W. J. Hinze; L. W. Braile

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Quasiresonant amplification of planetary waves and recent Northern Hemisphere weather extremes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...rotation angular velocity and radius...averaged zonal wind, temperature...entropy (per unit mass) at the EBL...is the zonal wind at the zonally...the meridional velocity at different...midlatitude meridional velocity (in meters...6 Fig. S3. Map of the meridional winds (in meters...

Vladimir Petoukhov; Stefan Rahmstorf; Stefan Petri; Hans Joachim Schellnhuber

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomalies long-term follow-up Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to January 2008). Mooring 5A has been fitted... Observation and origin of an interannual salinity anomaly in the Mozambique Channel P. M. van der Source: van Leeuwen, Peter Jan -...

217

Real-time analysis of aggregate network traffic for anomaly detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The frequent and large-scale network attacks have led to an increased need for developing techniques for analyzing network traffic. If efficient analysis tools were available, it could become possible to detect the attacks, anomalies...

Kim, Seong Soo

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

218

Self-energy anomaly of an electric pointlike dipole in three-dimensional static spacetimes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the self-energy anomaly of a pointlike electric dipole located in a static $(2+1)$-dimensional curved spacetime. The energy functional for this problem is invariant under an infinite-dimensional (gauge) group of transformations parameterized by one scalar function of two variables. We demonstrate that the problem of the calculation of the self-energy anomaly for a pointlike dipole can be reduced to the calculation of quantum fluctuations of an effective two-dimensional Euclidean quantum field theory. We reduced the problem in question to the calculation of the conformal anomaly of an effective scalar field in two dimensions and obtained an explicit expression for the self-energy anomaly of an electric dipole in an asymptotically flat, regular $(2+1)$-dimensional spacetime which may have electrically neutral black-hole-like metrics with regular Killing horizon.

Valeri P. Frolov; Andrey A. Shoom; Andrei Zelnikov

2013-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

219

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomaly driven signatures Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

anomaly driven signatures Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Study of the gravity field in the Pacific Ocean C. Cadio, I. Panet , O. de Viron and M. Diament Summary: is driven by...

220

Quasi-16-day periodic meridional movement of the equatorial ionization anomaly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on the daytime location of the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) crest derived from GPS observations at low latitude over China during the 20052006 stratospheric sudden warming (SSW), a quasi-16-day periodic ...

Mo, X. H.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive anomaly detection Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Communication Networks 13 4.1.1 Adaptive Threshold-Based Anomaly Detection Early work 38, 22, 48 in this area... ... Source: Ji, Chuanyi - School of Electrical and...

222

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomaly-mediated supersymmetry breaking...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

; Physics 58 arXiv:hep-ph0103095v19Mar2001 Low-Energy Supersymmetry and its Phenomenology Summary: . This approach has been called anomaly-mediated SUSY-breaking (AMSB)....

223

Ferromagnetic neutron stars: axial anomaly, dense neutron matter, and pionic wall  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that a chiral nonlinear sigma model coupled to degenerate neutrons exhibits a ferromagnetic phase at high density. The magnetization is due to the axial anomaly acting on the parallel layers of neutral pion domain walls spontaneously formed at high density. The emergent magnetic field would reach the QCD scale ~ 10^19 [G], which suggests that the quantum anomaly can be a microscopic origin of the magnetars (highly magnetized neutron stars).

Minoru Eto; Koji Hashimoto; Tetsuo Hatsuda

2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

224

Kohn anomalies and non-adiabaticity in doped carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The high-frequency Raman-active phonon modes of metallic single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are thought to be characterized by Kohn anomalies (KAs), which are expected to be modified by the doping-induced tuning of the Fermi energy level $\\epsilon_F$, obtained through the intercalation of SWNTs with alkali atoms or by the application of a gate potential. We present a Density-Functional Theory (DFT) study of the phonon properties of a (9,9) metallic SWNT as a function of electronic doping. For such study, we use, as in standard DFT calculations of vibrational properties, the Born-Oppenheimer (BO) approximation. We also develop an analytical model capable of reproducing and interpreting our DFT results. Both DFT calculations and this model predict, for increasing doping levels, a series of EPC-induced KAs in the vibrational mode parallel to the tube axis at the $\\mathbf\\Gamma$ point of the Brillouin zone, usually indicated in Raman spectroscopy as the $G^-$ peak. Such KAs would arise each time a new conduction band is populated. However, we show that they are an artifact of the BO approximation. The inclusion of non-adiabatic (NA) effects dramatically affects the results, predicting KAs at $\\mathbf\\Gamma$ only when $\\epsilon_F$ is close to a band crossing $E_{X}$. For each band crossing a double KA occurs for $\\epsilon_F=E_{X}\\pm \\hbar\\omega/2$, where $\\hbar\\omega$ is the phonon energy. In particular, for a 1.2 $nm$ metallic nanotube, we predict a KA to occur in the so-called $G^-$ peak at a doping level of about $N_{el}/C=\\pm 0.0015$ atom ($\\epsilon_F\\approx \\pm 0.1 ~eV$). Furthermore, we predict that the Raman linewidth of the $G^-$ peak significantly decreases for $|\\epsilon_F| \\geq \\hbar\\omega/2$.

Nicolas Caudal; A. Marco Saitta; Michele Lazzeri; Francesco Mauri

2007-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

225

North American climate of the last millennium: Underground temperatures and model comparison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The gridded output from the three distinct integrations of the GCM ECHO-g were similarly averaged by region, the externally forced runs from ECHO-g are in better agreement with underground temperature anomalies than with the control run, suggesting that boreholes are sensitive to external forcing. Not only do ECHO-g simulations

Beltrami, Hugo

226

Atmospheric controls on northeast Pacific temperature variability and change, 19002012  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of daily surface map analyses from various...10-m height) winds, boundary-layer...with 20CR surface winds, include near-surface...temperatures and vertical velocities. Linear regression was...Stoelinga MT Albright MD Mass CF ( 2010 ) A new look...observed heat-flux and wind stress anomalies . Clim Dyn 9...

James A. Johnstone; Nathan J. Mantua

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Beamline Temperatures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Temperatures Temperatures Energy: 3.0000 GeV Current: 493.2242 mA Date: 11-Jan-2014 21:40:00 Beamline Temperatures Energy 3.0000 GeV Current 493.2 mA 11-Jan-2014 21:40:00 LN:MainTankLevel 124.4 in LN:MainTankPress 56.9 psi SPEAR-BL:B120HeFlow 15.4 l/min SPEAR-BL:B131HeFlow 22.2 l/min BL 4 BL02:LCW 0.0 ℃ BL02:M0_LCW 31.5 ℃ BL 4-1 BL04-1:BasePlate -14.0 ℃ BL04-1:Bottom1 46.0 ℃ BL04-1:Bottom2 47.0 ℃ BL04-1:Lower 32.0 ℃ BL04-1:Moly 46.0 ℃ BL04-1:ChinGuard1 31.0 ℃ BL04-1:ChinGuard2 31.0 ℃ BL04-1:FirstXtalA -167.0 ℃ BL04-1:FirstXtalB -172.0 ℃ BL04-1:Pad1 31.0 ℃ BL04-1:Pad2 31.0 ℃ BL04-1:SecondXtalA -177.0 ℃ BL04-1:SecondXtalB -175.0 ℃ BL 4-2 BL04-2:BasePlate -14.0 ℃ BL04-2:Bottom1 24.0 ℃ BL04-2:Bottom2 25.0 ℃

228

Finite Temperature Sum Rules in Lattice Gauge Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive non-perturbative sum rules in SU($N$) lattice gauge theory at finite temperature. They relate the susceptibilities of the trace anomaly and energy-momentum tensor to temperature derivatives of the thermodynamic potentials. Two of them have been derived previously in the continuum and one is new. In all cases, at finite latttice spacing there are important corrections to the continuum sum rules that are only suppressed by the bare coupling $g_0^2$. We also show how the discretization errors affecting the thermodynamic potentials can be controlled by computing these susceptibilities.

Harvey B. Meyer

2007-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

229

Anomalous peak at low fields in the magnetization versus temperature curve in bulk ceramic high-temperature superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When a bulk ceramic high-temperature superconductor is cooled in a small field and the magnetic moment of the sample is measured as the sample is warmed, an anomalous peak in the magnetic moment is observed. This peak can be as high as 50% of the low-temperature moment for fields less than 1 Oe, but it rapidly decreases as the magnetic field increases. We show that this anomaly is due to the interrelationship between flux trapping by intergranular weak links and the irreversible flux trapping properties of the superconducting grains as recently described by Hao and Clem.

J. P. Wang and W. C. H. Joiner

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Facile synthesis of hollow nano-spheres and hemispheres of cobalt by polyol reduction This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Facile synthesis of hollow nano-spheres and hemispheres of cobalt by polyol reduction This article.1088/0957-4484/21/37/375602 Facile synthesis of hollow nano-spheres and hemispheres of cobalt by polyol reduction Haitao Yang1 2010 Published 17 August 2010 Online at stacks.iop.org/Nano/21/375602 Abstract The hydrophilic hollow

Gao, Hongjun

231

Multiscale Variability of the River Runoff System in China and Its Long-Term Link to Precipitation and Sea Surface Temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Sea Surface Temperature YONGKANG XUE,*, SHUFEN SUN,# K.-M. LAU,@ JINJUN JI,*, ISABELLE POCCARD,* RENHE with precipitation and sea surface temperature (SST) at the continental scale. Monthly mean data from 72 runoff­north dipole anomaly patterns for the first two runoff EOF's spatial distributions have been identified

Xue, Yongkang

232

IN SEARCH FOR THERMAL ANOMALIES IN THE COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD (CALIFORNIA)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » IN SEARCH FOR THERMAL ANOMALIES IN THE COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD (CALIFORNIA) USING REMOTE SENSING AND FIELD DATA Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: IN SEARCH FOR THERMAL ANOMALIES IN THE COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD (CALIFORNIA) USING REMOTE SENSING AND FIELD DATA Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: We attempt to identify thermal anomalies using thermal infrared (TIR) data collected over the Coso Geothermal Power Project with the spaceborne ASTER instrument. Our analysis emphasizes corrections for thermal artifacts in the satellite images caused by topography, albedo, and

233

Electric/magnetic duality for chiral gauge theories with anomaly cancellation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that 4D gauge theories with Green-Schwarz anomaly cancellation and possible generalized Chern-Simons terms admit a formulation that is manifestly covariant with respect to electric/magnetic duality transformations. This generalizes previous work on the symplectically covariant formulation of anomaly-free gauge theories as they typically occur in extended supergravity, and now also includes general theories with (pseudo-)anomalous gauge interactions as they may occur in global or local N=1 supersymmetry. This generalization is achieved by relaxing the linear constraint on the embedding tensor so as to allow for a symmetric 3-tensor related to electric and/or magnetic quantum anomalies in these theories. Apart from electric and magnetic gauge fields, the resulting Lagrangians also feature two-form fields and can accommodate various unusual duality frames as they often appear, e.g., in string compactifications with background fluxes.

Jan De Rydt; Torsten T. Schmidt; Mario Trigiante; Antoine Van Proeyen; Marco Zagermann

2009-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

234

Searches for solar-influenced radioactive decay anomalies using Spacecraft RTGs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experiments showing a seasonal variation of the nuclear decay rates of a number of different nuclei, and decay anomalies apparently related to solar flares and solar rotation, have suggested that the Sun may somehow be influencing nuclear decay processes. Recently, Cooper searched for such an effect in $^{238}$Pu nuclei contained in the radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs) on board the Cassini spacecraft. In this paper we modify and extend Cooper's analysis to obtain constraints on anomalous decays of $^{238}$Pu over a wider range of models, but these limits cannot be applied to other nuclei if the anomaly is composition-dependent. We also show that it may require very high sensitivity for terrestrial experiments to discriminate among some models if such a decay anomaly exists, motivating the consideration of future spacecraft experiments which would require less precision.

Krause, D E; Fischbach, E; Buncher, J B; Ging, A; Jenkins, J H; Longuski, J M; Strange, N; Sturrock, P A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Searches for solar-influenced radioactive decay anomalies using Spacecraft RTGs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experiments showing a seasonal variation of the nuclear decay rates of a number of different nuclei, and decay anomalies apparently related to solar flares and solar rotation, have suggested that the Sun may somehow be influencing nuclear decay processes. Recently, Cooper searched for such an effect in $^{238}$Pu nuclei contained in the radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs) on board the Cassini spacecraft. In this paper we modify and extend Cooper's analysis to obtain constraints on anomalous decays of $^{238}$Pu over a wider range of models, but these limits cannot be applied to other nuclei if the anomaly is composition-dependent. We also show that it may require very high sensitivity for terrestrial experiments to discriminate among some models if such a decay anomaly exists, motivating the consideration of future spacecraft experiments which would require less precision.

D. E. Krause; B. A. Rogers; E. Fischbach; J. B Buncher; A. Ging; J. H. Jenkins; J. M. Longuski; N. Strange; P. A. Sturrock

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

236

A Shallow Attenuating Anomaly Inside The Ring Fracture Of The Valles  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shallow Attenuating Anomaly Inside The Ring Fracture Of The Valles Shallow Attenuating Anomaly Inside The Ring Fracture Of The Valles Caldera, New Mexico Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Shallow Attenuating Anomaly Inside The Ring Fracture Of The Valles Caldera, New Mexico Details Activities (4) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: Spectral ratios of teleseismic direct and scattered P waves observed in the Valles Caldera, New Mexico, show a systematic pattern of low amplitudes at sites inside the caldera relative to sites on or outside the ring fracture. Waveforms recorded at caldera stations are considerably more complex than those recorded outside the caldera. The data used in this study were collected during a passive seismic monitoring experiment conducted in 1987. Twenty-four teleseismic events were recorded on two

237

Cancellation of anomalies in a path integral formulation for classical field theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Some symmetries can be broken in the quantization process (anomalies) and this breaking is signalled by a non-invariance of the quantum path integral measure. In this talk we show that it is possible to formulate also classical field theories via path integral techniques. The associated classical functional measure is larger than the quantum one, because it includes some auxiliary fields. For a fermion coupled with a gauge field we prove that the way these auxiliary fields transform compensates exactly the Jacobian which arises from the transformation of the fields appearing in the quantum measure. This cancels the quantum anomaly and restores the symmetry at the classical level.

D. Mauro

2005-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

238

Effect of the reactor antineutrino anomaly on the first Double-Chooz results  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate the possible effects of short-baseline ?e disappearance implied by the reactor antineutrino anomaly on the Double-Chooz determination of ?13 through the normalization of the initial antineutrino flux with the Bugey-4 measurement. We show that the effects are negligible and the value of ?13 obtained by the Double-Chooz collaboration is accurate only if ?m412?3??eV2. For smaller values of ?m412 the short-baseline oscillations are not fully averaged at Bugey-4 and the uncertainties due to the reactor antineutrino anomaly can be of the same order of magnitude of the intrinsic Double-Chooz uncertainties.

Carlo Giunti and Marco Laveder

2012-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

239

High Temperatures & Electricity Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Temperatures & Electricity Demand An Assessment of Supply Adequacy in California Trends.......................................................................................................1 HIGH TEMPERATURES AND ELECTRICITY DEMAND.....................................................................................................................7 SECTION I: HIGH TEMPERATURES AND ELECTRICITY DEMAND ..........................9 BACKGROUND

240

What Global Warming Looks Like The July 2010 global map of surface temperature anomalies (Figure 1), relative to the average  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), relative to the average July in the 1951-1980 period of climatology, provides a useful picture of current climate. It was more than 5°C (about 10°F) warmer than climatology in the eastern European region substantial areas cooler than climatology, including a region in central Asia and the southern part of South

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Design of an Artificial Immune System as a Novel Anomaly Detector Combating Financial Fraud in the Retail Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the Retail Sector Jungwon Kim, Arlene Ong and Richard E Overill Department of Computer Science, King's College London, Strand, London WC2R 2LS, U.K. {jungwon, ong, reo}@dcs.kcl.ac.uk Abstract- The retail the retail sector to employ an anomaly detection approach to fraud detection. To detect anomalies in retail

Overill, Richard E.

242

Potential gradients produced by pore-space heterogeneities: Application to isothermal frost damage and submarine hydrate anomalies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from simple laboratory experiments. Field observations of hydrate anomalies in a submarine sand layer, gas hydrates are com- monly concentrated within the most coarse-grained material. Natural gas hydrates and submarine hydrate anomalies Alan W. Rempel1 and Laura J. Van Alst2 1 Department of Geological Sciences

Rempel, Alan W.

243

Two-dimensional analysis of the effect of subsurface anomalies on the free surface response to incident SH-waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the ground surface response. This earlier study...ships between the response and the structure...than the time for energy to propagate across...computer time and storage, one major advantage...the power spectral response when an anomaly...is dimensionless frequency: (depth of anomaly......

Joel M. Crichlow; David Beckles; William P. Aspinall

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

A diagnoser algorithm for anomaly detection in DEDS under partial and unreliable observations: characterization and inclusion in sensor configuration optimization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Complex engineering systems have to be carefully monitored to meet demanding performance requirements, including detecting anomalies in their operations. There are two major monitoring challenges for these systems. The first challenge is that information ... Keywords: Diagnoser, Discrete-event dynamical systems, Event detection, Partial unreliable observations, Performance analysis, Repetitive/intermittent Anomalies, Sensor configuration optimization

Wen-Chiao Lin; Humberto E. Garcia; Tae-Sic Yoo

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Gravity and magnetic anomalies and the deep structure of the Parnaiba cratonic basin, Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gravity and magnetic anomalies and the deep structure of the Parnaiba cratonic basin, Brazil A. B profile across the Parnaiba cratonic basin in NorthEast Brazil. The purpose of this project is to acquire margin of Parnaíba Basin, Brazil. Geophysics 64: 337-356. Ussami N, Cogo de Sa N, Molina EC. 1993

Watts, A. B. "Tony"

246

Unsupervised Spectral Ranking for Anomaly and Application to Auto Insurance Fraud Detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unsupervised Spectral Ranking for Anomaly and Application to Auto Insurance Fraud Detection Ke proposed SRA significantly surpasses existing outlier-based fraud detection methods. In addition, based for a fraud detection problem remains crucial. Keywords: unsupervised learning, fraud detection, rare class

Li, Yuying

247

Conformal anomaly for 2D and 4D dilaton coupled spinors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study quantum dilaton coupled spinors in two and four dimensions. Making a classical transformation of the metric, the dilaton coupled spinor theory is transformed into the minimal spinor theory with another metric and in the 4D case a spinor also in the background of the nontrivial vector field. This makes it possible to calculate 2D and 4D dilaton-dependent conformal (or Weyl) anomalies easily. The anomaly-induced effective action for such spinors is derived. In the 2D case, the effective action reproduces, without any extra terms, the term added by hand in the quantum correction for the Russo-Susskind-Thorlacius model, which is exactly solvable. For the 4D spinor the chiral anomaly which depends explicitly on the dilaton is also found. As some applications we discuss supersymmetric black holes (BHs) in dilatonic supergravity with Wess-Zumino-type matter and Hawking radiation in the same theory. As another application we investigate spherically reduced Einstein gravity with a 2D dilaton coupled fermion anomaly-induced effective action and show the existence of quantum-corrected Schwarzchildde Sitter (Nariai) BHs with multiple horizons.

Peter van Nieuwenhuizen; Shinichi Nojiri; Sergei D. Odintsov

1999-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

248

An intelligent approach to handle False-Positive Radio Frequency Identification Anomalies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radio Frequency Identification RFID technology allows wireless interaction between tagged objects and readers to automatically identify large groups of items. This technology is widely accepted in a number of application domains, however, it suffers ... Keywords: Bayesian Network, False-Positive Anomaly, Neural Network, Non-Monotonic Reasoning, Radio Frequency Identification --Rfid

Peter Darcy; Bela Stantic; Abdul Sattar

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Safe Agents in Space: Preventing and Responding to Anomalies in the Autonomous Sciencecraft Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Autonomous Sciencecraft Ex- periment, a software agent that has been running on-board the EO-1 spacecraft elements of the design that increase the safety of the agent, several of the anomalies that occurred dur intelligence technologies enable onboard software to detect science events, re-plan upcoming mission operations

Schaffer, Steven

250

The Atmospheric Response to Realistic Reduced Summer Arctic Sea Ice Anomalies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the continued ice melt [Polyakov et al., 2005], and recent work shows that heat from the Atlantic layer can91 The Atmospheric Response to Realistic Reduced Summer Arctic Sea Ice Anomalies Uma S. Bhatt,1 and Robert A. Tomas3 The impact of reduced Arctic summer sea ice on the atmosphere is investigated by forcing

Bhatt, Uma

251

Controls on Martian hydrothermal systems: Application to valley network and magnetic anomaly formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

circulation can quantify limits to the role of hydrothermal activity in Martian crustal processes. We present the viability of hydrothermal circulation as the primary process responsible for the broad spatial correlationControls on Martian hydrothermal systems: Application to valley network and magnetic anomaly

Harrison, Keith

252

Generation and Initial Evolution of a Mode Water S Anomaly* GREGORY C. JOHNSON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generation and Initial Evolution of a Mode Water ­S Anomaly* GREGORY C. JOHNSON NOAA/Pacific Marine. Corresponding author address: Dr. Gregory C. Johnson, NOAA/PMEL, 7600 Sand Point Way NE, Bldg. 3, Seattle, WA 98115-6349. E-mail: gregory.c.johnson@noaa.gov APRIL 2006

Johnson, Gregory C.

253

Gravity anomalies, crustal structure and thermo-mechanical support of the Himalaya of Central Nepal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gravity anomalies, crustal structure and thermo-mechanical support of the Himalaya of Central Nepal, Department of Mines and Geology, Lainchaur, Kathmandu, Nepal Accepted 2001 June 8. Received 2001 January 6; in original form 2000 February 4 SUMMARY We use two gravity profiles that we measured across Central Nepal

Avouac, Jean-Philippe

254

Instrument Science Report WFPC2 2005-002 Early Assessment of the WF4 Anomaly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the calibration pipeline will correct for low bias levels, close examination of these images reveals faint from the shutter anomaly which was repaired, and CTE losses in the CCDs which is a relatively minor level. This effectively ruled-out any problems with the calibration pipeline and implied a hardware

Sirianni, Marco

255

Thermal anomalies indicate preferential flow along faults in unconsolidated sedimentary aquifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal anomalies indicate preferential flow along faults in unconsolidated sedimentary aquifers V in unconsolidated siliciclastic aquifers off-set by normal-faults in the Lower Rhine Embayment, Germany. High plane. Most current models of fault hydrology in unconsolidated sedimentary sequences assume faults

Bense, Victor

256

Anomaly detection in thermal pulse combustors using symbolic time series analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) produce transitions of combustion process variables unless the embedded statistical characteristics of parametric and non- on the system response (e.g. pressure oscillations). parametric changes in the combustion process may 3. Early detection of changes in the tailpipe friction cause unpredictable anomalies (i

Ray, Asok

257

Geochemical anomalies in soil and sandstone overlying the Phoenix uranium deposit, Athabasca Basin Natural Resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Co Mo Ni UU Geochemical anomalies in soil and sandstone overlying the Phoenix uranium deposit, Athabasca Basin Natural Resources Canada Geological Survey of Canada with Provincial and Territorial Collaboration Introduction The Wheeler River Property, host of Denison Mine's Phoenix uranium deposit

258

Local Frequency Based Estimators for Anomaly Detection in Oil and Gas Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Local Frequency Based Estimators for Anomaly Detection in Oil and Gas Applications Alexander Singh industrial applications such as the smart grid and oil and gas are continuously monitored. The massive to positively impact the bottom line. In the oil and gas industry, modern oil rigs are outfitted with thousands

Slatton, Clint

259

Resolving Spacecraft Earth-Flyby Anomalies with Measured Light Speed Anisotropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Doppler shift observations of spacecraft, such as Galileo, NEAR, Cassini, Rosetta and MESSENGER in earth flybys, have all revealed unexplained speed `anomalies' - that the doppler-shift determined speeds are inconsistent with expected speeds. Here it is shown that these speed anomalies are not real and are actually the result of using an incorrect relationship between the observed doppler shift and the speed of the spacecraft - a relationship based on the assumption that the speed of light is isotropic in all frames, i.e. invariant. Taking account of the repeatedly measured light-speed anisotropy the anomalies are resolved. The Pioneer 10/11 anomalies are discussed, but not resolved. The spacecraft observations demonstrate again that the speed of light is not invariant, and is isotropic only with respect to a dynamical 3-space. The existing doppler shift data also offers a resource to characterise a new form of gravitational waves, the dynamical 3-space turbulence, that has also been detected by other techniques.

Reginald T. Cahill

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

260

Phonon dispersion, phonon specific heat, and Debye temperature of high-temperature superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simple model representing the low-frequency acoustical and optical modes of the high-temperature superconductors (HTSCs) leads to a surprisingly realistic representation of the low-temperature specific heats cv(T) and the corresponding Debye temperatures FTHETA(T) of the HTSCs. The model allows us to relate the characteristics and peculiarities of cv(T) and FTHETA(T) directly to various features of the low-frequency phonon dispersion, and it is found that cv and FTHETA can exhibit rather well the identifiable features of phonon anomalies. For instance, a surprising result is that optic Einstein-like modes at ?E=2 THz (h?E/kB=96 K) in our model begin to have an effect at 6 K. This behavior has potentially important consequences for the procedure of separating the phonon contribution from the measured specific heat, in order to obtain the nonphonon specific-heat contributions. Another consequence of the occurrence of these Einstein modes is the presence of low-frequency phonons with large wave vectors, which means that umklapp scattering can begin to play a role at temperatures lower than usually assumed. This, in turn, may require a modification of the customary qualitative picture of the low-temperature electrical and thermal conductivities.

F. W. de Wette and A. D. Kulkarni

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Confinement of Spin and Charge in High-Temperature Superconductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By exploiting the internal gauge-invariance intrinsic to a spin-charge separated electron, we show that such degrees of freedom must be confined in two-dimensional superconductors experiencing strong inter-electron repulsion. We also demonstrate that incipient confinement in the normal state can prevent chiral spin-fluctuations from destroying the cross-over between strange and psuedo-gap regimes in under-doped high-temperature superconductors. Last, we suggest that the negative Hall anomaly observed in these materials is connected with this confinement effect.

J. P. Rodriguez; Pascal Lederer

1996-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

262

Why does the Atlantic Ocean form the northern hemisphere deep Johan Nilsson, Department of Meteorology, Stockholm University, Sweden.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the fact that the meridional gradients due to temperature and salinity have opposite effect on the density gradient: the temperature gradient acts to drive the surface water polewards, whereas the salinity gradient of Meteorology, Stockholm University, Sweden. Background The Atlantic Ocean stands out as the most saline

Nilsson, Johan

263

Capacitance probe for detection of anomalies in non-metallic plastic pipe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure relates to analysis of materials using a capacitive sensor to detect anomalies through comparison of measured capacitances. The capacitive sensor is used in conjunction with a capacitance measurement device, a location device, and a processor in order to generate a capacitance versus location output which may be inspected for the detection and localization of anomalies within the material under test. The components may be carried as payload on an inspection vehicle which may traverse through a pipe interior, allowing evaluation of nonmetallic or plastic pipes when the piping exterior is not accessible. In an embodiment, supporting components are solid-state devices powered by a low voltage on-board power supply, providing for use in environments where voltage levels may be restricted.

Mathur, Mahendra P. (Pittsburgh, PA); Spenik, James L. (Morgantown, WV); Condon, Christopher M. (Morgantown, WV); Anderson, Rodney (Grafton, WV); Driscoll, Daniel J. (Morgantown, WV); Fincham, Jr., William L. (Fairmont, WV); Monazam, Esmail R. (Morgantown, WV)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

264

Cascade Model of an Anomaly in Blazar Spectra at Very High Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is well known that the effect of gamma-ray absorption on extragalactic background light (EBL) is weakly expressed in the spectra of some blazars. It is shown that a secondary component generated by electromagnetic cascades might considerably decrease the statistical significance of this anomaly. Observational results indicate the existence of the cascade component in the spectra of extragalactic gamma-ray sources, thus supporting the proposed model.

Dzhatdoev, Timur

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

ENSO Anomalies over the Western United States: Present and Future Patterns in Regional Climate Simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and wind anomalies associated with the warm and cold phases of ENSO simulated by WRF and HadRM are examined. Interaction of anomalous wind flow with local terrain plays a critical role in the generation of anomalous for the present and future decades. WRF is driven by ECHAM5 and CCSM3, respectively, and HadRM is driven by HadCM3

Salathé Jr., Eric P.

266

X-ray and Optical Flux Ratio Anomalies in Quadruply Lensed Quasars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

X-ray and Optical Flux Ratio Anomalies in Quadruply Lensed Quasars: Zooming in on Quasar Emission T (r) = 3GMBH M 8r3 1/4 1 - r0/r 1/4 2?1015 cm 100 Rg Optical X-ray 0.1 µarcsec 5 narcsec L ~ 1045-ray and optical should be affected the same Differences in X-ray and optical microlensing #12;Chandra 0.5 ­ 8 ke

California at Santa Cruz, University of

267

Strong and electromagnetic contributions to the U_A(1) anomaly and the P^0 to gamma gamma decays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using flavor basis we relate flavor axial anomalies to the mass matrix of pseudoscalar isoscalar fields in the context of a Linear Sigma Model which includes U_A(1) symmetry breaking. We incorporate additional contributions to these anomalies due to external electromagnetic fields invoking 't Hooft's argument on anomaly matching and work out the predictions of this formalism for eta to gamma gamma and eta' to gamma gamma decays. We show that the only effect of the U_A(1) anomaly in these processes is in the formation of the eta and eta' systems. From experimental data on their two photon decays we extract the pseudoscalar mixing angle in flavor basis as phi_P in [38.4 deg, 41.0 deg ].

Mauro Napsuciale; Simon Rodriguez

2001-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

268

Magmatism at the west Iberia non-volcanic rifted continental margin: evidence from analyses of magnetic anomalies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the production of greater volumes of melt leads...the Jeanne d'Arc Basin, offshore Newfoundland...margin of Australia: Great Australian Bight and western sections...magnetic anomalies in the Australian-Antarctic Basin: are they isochrons......

S. M. Russell; R. B. Whitmarsh

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Uranium and other contaminants in hair from the parents of children with congenital anomalies in Fallujah, Iraq  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent reports have drawn attention to increases in congenital birth anomalies and cancer in Fallujah Iraq blamed on teratogenic, genetic and genomic stress thought to result from depleted Uranium contaminatio...

Samira Alaani; Muhammed Tafash; Christopher Busby; Malak Hamdan

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Anomalies in the Young modulus at structural phase transitions in rare-earth cobaltites RBaCo{sub 4}O{sub 7} (R = Y, Tm-Lu)  

SciTech Connect

The elastic properties of rare-earth cobaltites RBaCo{sub 4}O{sub 7} (R = Y, Tm-Lu) have been experimentally studied in the temperature range of 80-300 K. The strong softening of the Young modulus {Delta}E(T)/E{sub 0} Almost-Equal-To -(0.1-0.2) of cobaltites with Lu and Yb ions has been revealed, which is due to the instability of the crystal structure upon cooling and is accompanied by an inverse jump at the second-order structural phase transition. The softening of the Young modulus and the jump at the phase transition decrease by an order of magnitude and the transition temperature T{sub s} and hysteresis {Delta}T{sub s} increase from a compound with Lu to that with Tm. A large softening of the Young modulus at the structural transition in Lu- and Yb cobaltites indicates that the corresponding elastic constant goes to zero, whereas this constant in Tm cobaltite is not a 'soft' mode of the phase transition. It has been found that the structural phase transition in Lu- and Yb cobaltites is accompanied by a large absorption maximum at the phase transition point and an additional maximum in the low-temperature phase and absorption anomalies in Tm cobaltite is an order of magnitude smaller.

Kazei, Z. A., E-mail: kazei@plms.phys.msu.ru; Snegirev, V. V.; Andreenko, A. S. [Moscow State University (Russian Federation); Kozeeva, L. P. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

271

The off-shell axial anomaly via the {gamma}*{pi}{sup 0} {yields} {gamma} transition  

SciTech Connect

The {gamma}*{pi}{sup 0} {yields} {gamma} form factor, including the extension off the pion mass-shell, is obtained from a generalized impulse approximation within a QCD-based model field theory known to provide an excellent description of the pion charge form factor. This approach implements dressing of the vertex functions and propagators consistent with dynamical chiral symmetry breaking, gauge invariance, quark confinement and perturbative QCD. Soft nonperturbative behavior, dictated by the axial anomaly, is found to evolve to the perturbative QCD limit only for Q{sup 2} {ge} 20 GeV{sup 2}.

Frank, M.R. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Institute for Nuclear Theory; Mitchell, K.L.; Tandy, P.C. [Kent State Univ., OH (United States); Roberts, C.D. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Oxygen isotope anomalies of the Sun and the original environment of the Solar system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results from a model of oxygen isotopic anomaly production through selective photodissociation of CO within the collapsing proto-Solar cloud. Our model produces a proto-Sun with a wide range of Delta_17O values depending on the intensity of the ultraviolet radiation field. Dramatically different results from two recent Solar wind oxygen isotope measurements indicate that a variety of compositions remain possible for the solar oxygen isotope composition. However, constrained by other measurements from comets and meteorites, our models imply the birth of the Sun in a stellar cluster with an enhanced radiation field and are therefore consistent with a supernova source for 60Fe in meteorites.

Jeong-Eun Lee; Edwin A. Bergin; James R. Lyons

2008-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

273

Anomaly-free perturbations with inverse-volume and holonomy corrections in Loop Quantum Cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article addresses the issue of the closure of the algebra of constraints for generic (cosmological) perturbations when taking into account simultaneously the two main corrections of effective loop quantum cosmology, namely the holonomy and the inverse-volume terms. Previous works on either the holonomy or the inverse volume case are reviewed and generalized. In the inverse-volume case, we point out new possibilities. An anomaly-free solution including both corrections is found for perturbations, and the corresponding equations of motion are derived.

Thomas Cailleteau; Linda Linsefors; Aurelien Barrau

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

274

Testing the Reactor and Gallium Anomalies with Intense (Anti)Neutrino Emitters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several observed anomalies in neutrino oscillation data could be explained by a hypothetical fourth neutrino separated from the three standard neutrinos by a squared mass difference of a few 0.1 eV$^2$ or more. This hypothesis can be tested with MCi neutrino electron capture sources ($^{51}$Cr) or kCi antineutrino $\\beta$-source ($^{144}$Ce) deployed inside or next to a large low background neutrino detector. In particular, the compact size of this source coupled with the localization of the interaction vertex lead to an oscillating pattern in event spatial (and possibly energy) distributions that would unambiguously determine neutrino mass differences and mixing angles.

Th. Lasserre

2012-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

275

Yeast and Temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Yeast and Temperature Yeast and Temperature Name: Alyssaaum Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: How does temperature affect yeast? Replies: Dear Alyssa, At low temperatures (0-10 C) yeast will not grow, but not die either. At temperatures 10-37 C yeast will grow and multiply, faster at higher temperatures with an optimal growth at 30 or 37 C (that depends on the species). At higher temperature the cells become stressed, meaning that their content becomes damaged and which can be repaired to some degree. At high temperatures (>50 C) the cells die. The bacteria can survive freezing under certain conditions. When baking bread all yeast dies during the process. Dr. Trudy Wassenaar yeast is a unique type of fungi that grows quickly by rapid cell division. It grows best at about 100 degrees fahrenheit, colder will cause it to go dormant, much warmer could kill it

276

6, 13011320, 2006 Temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ACPD 6, 1301­1320, 2006 Temperature climatology and trend estimates over Durban, South Africa H and Physics Discussions Temperature climatology and trend estimates in the UTLS region as observed over Commons License. 1301 #12;ACPD 6, 1301­1320, 2006 Temperature climatology and trend estimates over Durban

Boyer, Edmond

277

Thermoelectric Temperature Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the controller can supply the power required to bring the device to the desired temperature and maintain a stableNOTE 201TM TECHNICAL Optimizing Thermoelectric Temperature Control Systems #12;2 May 1995 92 of applications that require extremely stable temperature control. System design can be complex, but improved

Saffman, Mark

278

Ca Isotope Effects in Orgueil Leachates and the Implications for the Carrier Phases of 54Cr Anomalies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Primitive meteorites contain small 40Ca excesses, in addition to rare anomalies in 48Ca. Refractory inclusions from Vigarano and Allende have larger 40Ca and resolvable 48Ca anomalies. These results imply that Ca isotopic heterogeneities were still present in the early solar system at both the mineral and whole-rock scale. The absence of correlated Ca isotope anomalies in leachates from the CI1 chondrite Orgueil containing large 54Cr anomalies has implications on the origin of the Cr anomalies. 54Cr has to be produced either in massive stars during s-process nucleosynthesis without accompanying 48Ca or in particular zones in the rare Type Ia supernovae. In the latter case, 54Cr has been produced in a zone predominantly enriched in Cr and 54Cr and not mixed with other zones, or 54Cr has been produced together with other neutron-rich nuclides and there has been subsequent decoupling of this material in the star, in the solar system, or in the laboratory.

Frederic Moynier; Justin I. Simon; Frank A. Podosek; Bradley S. Meyer; Joyce Brannon; Donald J. DePaolo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Extraction of the anomaly magnetic field of the earth from stratospheric balloon magnetic surveys at altitudes of 2040 km  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The solution to the problem of extraction of the anomaly Earths magnetic field (EMF) from stratospheric balloon magnetic surveys with the help of global...

Yu. P. Tsvetkov; V. D. Kuznetsov; V. P. Golovkov; O. M. Brekhov

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Development of a neural network model to nowcast/forecast the coastal water level anomalies on the entrance to Galveston Bay, Texas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The water level anomaly, or the difference between the observed water level and that predicted by harmonic analysis (meteorological tide), was studied in this thesis (more)

Nam, Young Joo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Temperature compensated photovoltaic array  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A temperature compensated photovoltaic module comprises a series of solar cells having a thermally activated switch connected in parallel with several of the cells. The photovoltaic module is adapted to charge conventional batteries having a temperature coefficient differing from the temperature coefficient of the module. The calibration temperatures of the switches are chosen whereby the colder the ambient temperature for the module, the more switches that are on and form a closed circuit to short the associated solar cells. By shorting some of the solar cells as the ambient temperature decreases, the battery being charged by the module is not excessively overcharged at lower temperatures. PV module is an integrated solution that is reliable and inexpensive. 2 figs.

Mosher, D.M.

1997-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

282

Adler-Bardeen theorem and cancellation of gauge anomalies to all orders in nonrenormalizable theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove the Adler-Bardeen theorem in a large class of general gauge theories, including nonrenormalizable ones. We assume that the gauge symmetries are general covariance, local Lorentz symmetry and Abelian and non-Abelian Yang-Mills symmetries, and that the local functionals of vanishing ghost number satisfy a variant of the Kluberg-Stern--Zuber conjecture. We show that if the gauge anomalies are trivial at one loop, for every truncation of the theory there exists a subtraction scheme where they manifestly vanish to all orders, within the truncation. Outside the truncation the cancellation of gauge anomalies can be enforced by fine-tuning local counterterms. The framework of the proof is worked out by combining a recently formulated chiral dimensional regularization with a gauge invariant higher-derivative regularization. If the higher-derivative regularizing terms are placed well beyond the truncation, and the energy scale $\\Lambda$ associated with them is kept fixed, the theory is super-renormalizable and...

Anselmi, Damiano

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Nucleosynthetic osmium isotope anomalies in acid leachates of the Murchison meteorite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present osmium isotopic results obtained by sequential leaching of the Murchison meteorite, which reveal the existence of very large internal anomalies of nucleosynthetic origin. The Os isotopic anomalies are correlated, and can be explained by the variable contributions of components derived from the s, r and p-processes of nucleosynthesis. Much of the s-process rich osmium is released by relatively mild leaching, suggesting the existence of an easily leachable s-process rich presolar phase, or alternatively, of a chemically resistant r-process rich phase. The s-process composition of Os released by mild leaching diverges slightly from that released by aggressive digestion techniques, perhaps suggesting that the presolar phases attacked by these differing procedures condensed in different stellar environments. The correlation between 190Os and 188Os can be used to constrain the s-process 190Os/188Os ratio to be 1.275 pm 0.043. Such a ratio can be reproduced in a nuclear reaction network for a MACS value for 190Os of ~200 pm 22 mbarn at 30 keV. We also present evidence for extensive internal variation of 184Os abundances in the Murchison meteorite. This suggests that p process rich presolar grains (e.g., supernova condensates) may be present in meteorites in sufficient quantities to influence the Os isotopic compositions of the leachates.

L. Reisberg; N. Dauphas; A. Luguet; D. G. Pearson; R. Gallino; C. Zimmermann

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

284

Interacting and fractional topological insulators via the Z2 chiral anomaly  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently, it was shown that the topological properties of 2D and 3D topological insulators are captured by a Z2 chiral anomaly in the boundary field theory. It remained, however, unclear whether the anomaly survives electron-electron interactions. We show that this is, indeed, the case, thereby providing an alternative formalism for treating topological insulators in the interacting regime. We apply this formalism to fractional topological insulators (FTI) via projective/parton constructions and use it to test the robustness of all fractional topological insulators that can be described in this way. The stability criterion we develop is easy to check and based on the pair switching behavior of the noninteracting partons. In particular, we find that FTIs based on bosonic Laughlin states and the M=0 bosonic Read-Rezayi states are fragile and may have a completely gapped and nondegenerate edge spectrum in each topological sector. In contrast, FTIs based on fermionic Zk Read-Rezayi states with M=1 and odd k and the bosonic 3D topological insulator with a ?/4 fractional ? term are topologically stable.

Maciej Koch-Janusz and Zohar Ringel

2014-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

285

Planck CMB Anomalies: Astrophysical and Cosmological Foregrounds and the Curse of Masking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding the origin of reported anomalies in the CMB is fundamental to either validate the standard model of cosmology or to explore new physics. Their confirmation with Planck data suggests they are not due to a problem in WMAP or Planck data. We investigate three other possible issues: 1) the trade-off between minimising systematics due to foreground contamination (with a conservative mask) and minimising systematics due to masking, 2) astrophysical foregrounds (the kinetic Doppler quadrupole and kinetic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect), and 3) secondary cosmological signals (the integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect). We address the masking issue by considering new procedures that use both WMAP and Planck to produce higher quality full-sky maps using the sparsity methodology (LGMCA maps). We show the impact of masking is dominant over that of residual foregrounds, and the LGMCA full-sky maps can be used without further processing to study anomalies. We consider four official Planck PR1 and two LGMCA CMB maps. Analy...

Rassat, A; Paykari, P; Sureau, F; Bobin, J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Some Global Aspects of Gauge Anomalies of Semisimple Gauge Groups and Fermion Generations in GUT and Superstring Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study more extensively and completely for global gauge anomalies with some semisimple gauge groups as initiated in ref.1. A detailed and complete proof or derivation is provided for the Z_2 global gauge anomaly given in ref.1 for a gauge theory with the semisimple gauge group SU(2)\\times SU(2)\\times SU(2) in D=4 dimensions and Weyl fermions in the irreducible representation (IR) \\omega=(2,2,2) with 2 denoting the corresponding dimensions. This Z_2 anomaly was used in the discussions related to generic SO(10) and supersymmetric SO(10) unification theories^1 for the total generation numbers of fermions and mirror fermions. Our result^1 that the global anomaly coefficient formula is given by A(\\omega)=exp[i{\\pi}Q_2(\\Box)]=-1 in this case with Q_2(\\Box) being the Dynkin index for SU(8) in the fundamental IR (\\Box)=(8) is also discussed, and as shown by our results^1 that the semisimple gauge transformations collectively may have physical consequences which do not correspond to successive simple gauge transformations. The similar result given in ref.1 for the Z_2 global gauge anomaly of gauge group SU(2)\\times SU(2) is also discussed. We also give a complete proof for some relevent topological results. Gauge anomalies for the relevant semisimple gauge groups are also briefly discussed in higher dimensions, especially for self-contragredient representations, with discussions involving trace identities relating to ref.14. We also remark the connection of our results and discussions to the total generation numbers in relevant theories.

H. Zhang

2005-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

287

Analyzing power for ?-p charge exchange in the backward hemisphere from 301 to 625 MeV/c and a test of ?N partial-wave analyses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The analyzing power of ?-p??0n has been measured for p?=301-625 MeV/c with a transversely polarized target, mainly in the backward hemisphere. The final-state neutron and a ? from the ?0 were detected in coincidence with two counter arrays. Our results are compared with predictions of recent ?N partial-wave analyses by the groups of Karlsruhe-Helsinki, Carnegie-Mellon University-Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (CMU-LBL), and Virginia Polytechnic Institute (VPI). At the lower incident energies little difference is seen among the three analyses, and there is excellent agreement with our data. At 547 MeV/c and above, our data strongly favor the VPI phases, and disagree with Karlsruhe-Helsinki and CMU-LBL analyses, which are the source of the ?N resonance parameters given in the Particle Data Group table.

G. J. Kim; J. Arends; W. J. Briscoe; J. Engelage; B. M. K. Nefkens; M. E. Sadler; M. Taragin; H. J. Ziock

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Daily Temperature Lag  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Daily Temperature Lag Daily Temperature Lag Name: Shyammayi Status: teacher Grade: K-2 Country: Mauritius Date: Summer 2011 Question: At what time of the day is the temperature hottest? At what time of the day is the temperature coldest? Replies: In general, the hottest part of the day is late afternoon. The sun has passed its peak in the sky but still heats the Earth up until very late in the afternoon. The lowest temperatures are around dawn. Earth has had all night to get rid of the day's heat by radiating it into space. After sunrise, temperatures begin to climb. This can be changed by local storms, sea breezes or mountain breezes and even monsoon winds. Hope this helps. R. W. "Bob" Avakian Instructor Arts and Sciences/CRC Oklahoma State Univ. Inst. of Technology Shyammayi

289

Automatic temperature adjustment apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for increasing the efficiency of a conventional central space heating system is disclosed. The temperature of a fluid heating medium is adjusted based on a measurement of the external temperature, and a system parameter. The system parameter is periodically modified based on a closed loop process that monitors the operation of the heating system. This closed loop process provides a heating medium temperature value that is very near the optimum for energy efficiency.

Chaplin, James E. (66 Overlook Rd., Bloomingdale, NJ 07403)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Surface Temperature of IGUs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

117 117 Surface Temperatures of Insulated Glazing Units: Infrared Thermography Laboratory Measurements Brent T. Griffith, Daniel Türler, and Dariush Arasteh Building Technologies Program Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory University of California Berkeley, CA 94720 USA Fax: 510-486-6046, email: D_Arasteh@lbl.gov Abstract Data are presented for the distribution of surface temperatures on the warm-side surface of seven different insulated glazing units. Surface temperatures are measured using infrared thermography and an external referencing technique. This technique allows detailed mapping of surface temperatures that is non-intrusive. The glazings were placed between warm and cold environmental chambers that were operated at conditions

291

External vs. body temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

External vs. body temperature External vs. body temperature Name: jacqui Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: If one's internal body temperature is approximately 98.6, WHY when the external temperature is 98.6 do we feel hot? Since both temperatures are "balanced", shouldn't we feel comfortable? I am assuming here that humidity levels are controlled, and play no factor in the external temperature. Replies: First of all, skin temperature is lower than 98.6F; 98.6F is internal body temperature, so air at 98.6F is hotter than skin. But more important, it is the nervous system, and the cells in your skin that your brain uses to detect temperature that determine whether you "feel" hot or not, not whether the air is hotter than your skin. These are set so that you feel hot when the air is actually colder than your skin. Why? They are probably set to make you feel hot whenever the air is warm enough so that your body has some trouble getting rid of the excess heat it produces through metabolism. This insures that you take some actions to help your body cool off. Like drinking cool water, or reducing exercise

292

Temperature | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property:GeofluidTemp M Property:MeanReservoirTemp R Property:ReservoirTemp T Property:Temperature U Property:USGSMeanReservoirTemp Retrieved from "http:...

293

ARM - Temperature Converter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Temperature Converter The Fahrenheit scale, invented by German physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686-1736), is based on 32 F for the freezing...

294

Low Temperature Proton Conductivity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation by Tom Zawodzinski to DOE's Fuel Cell Operations at Sub-Freezing Temperatures Workshop held February 1-5, 2005 in Phoenix, Arizona.

295

Temperature and productivity  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

symptoms and performance of office work under combined exposure to temperature, noise and air pollution. PhD Thesis. International Centre for Indoor Environment and Energy,...

296

Gravity anomalies derived from Seasat, Geosat, ERS-1 and TOPEX/POSEIDON altimetry and ship gravity: a case study over the Reykjanes Ridge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......should be added to the ship gravity anomalies to account for the atmospheric effect before comparison with...satellite gravity and ship gravity anomalies resulting...was subtracted from the ship gravity. Table 3 lists...represent the total effect of the different error......

Cheinway Hwang; Barry Parsons

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Striking Photospheric Abundance Anomalies in Blue Horizontal-Branch Stars in Globular Cluster M13  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-resolution optical spectra of thirteen blue horizontal-branch (BHB) stars in the globular cluster M13 show enormous deviations in element abundances from the expected cluster metallicity. In the hotter stars (T_eff > 12000 K), helium is depleted by factors of 10 to 100 below solar, while iron is enhanced to three times the solar abundance, two orders of magnitude above the canonical metallicity [Fe/H] ~= -1.5 dex for this globular cluster. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and chromium exhibit even more pronounced enhancements, and other metals are also mildly overabundant, with the exception of magnesium, which stays very near the expected cluster metallicity. These photospheric anomalies are most likely due to diffusion --- gravitational settling of helium, and radiative levitation of the other elements --- in the stable radiative atmospheres of these hot stars. The effects of these mechanisms may have some impact on the photometric morphology of the cluster's horizontal branch and on estimates of its age and distance.

Bradford B. Behr; Judith G. Cohen; James K. McCarthy; S. George Djorgovski

1999-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

298

Minimal anomaly-free chiral fermion sets and gauge coupling unification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We look for minimal chiral sets of fermions beyond the Standard Model that are anomaly-free and, simultaneously, vector-like particles with respect to colour SU(3) and electromagnetic U(1). We then study whether the addition of such particles to the Standard Model particle content allows for the unification of gauge couplings at a high energy scale, above $5.0 \\times 10^{15}$ GeV so as to be safely consistent with proton decay bounds. The possibility to have unification at the string scale is also considered. Inspired in grand unified theories, we also search for minimal chiral fermion sets that belong to SU(5) multiplets. Restricting to representations up to dimension 50, we show that some of these sets can lead to gauge unification at the GUT and/or string scales.

Cebola, Luis M; Felipe, R Gonzalez; Simoes, C

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Abundance Anomalies in NGC6752 - Do AGB Stars Have a Role?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We are in the process of testing a popular theory that the observed abundance anomalies in the Globular Cluster NGC 6752 are due to `internal pollution' from intermediate mass asymptotic giant branch stars. To this end we are using a chemical evolution model incorporating custom-made stellar evolution yields calculated using a detailed stellar evolution code. By tracing the chemical evolution of the intracluster gas, which is polluted by two generations of stars, we are able to test the internal pollution scenario in which the Na- and Al-enhanced ejecta from intermediate mass stars is either accreted onto the surfaces of other stars, or goes toward forming new stars. In this paper we focus mainly on the nucleosynthetic yields of the AGB stars and discuss whether these stars are the source of the observed Na-O anticorrelation. Comparing our preliminary results with observational data suggests that the qualitative theory is not supported by this quantitative study.

S. W. Campbell; Y. Fenner; A. I. Karakas; J. C. Lattanzio; B. K. Gibson

2005-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

300

Fiber optic temperature sensor  

SciTech Connect

Our fiber optic temperature measurement sensor and system is a major improvement over methods currently in use in most industrial processes, and it delivers all of the attributes required simplicity, accuracy, and cost efficiency-to help improve all of these processes. Because temperature is a basic physical attribute of nearly every industrial and commercial process, our system can eventually result in significant improvements in nearly every industrial and commercial process. Many finished goods, and the materials that go into them, are critically dependent on the temperature. The better the temperature measurement, the better quality the goods will be and the more economically they can be produced. The production and transmission of energy requires the monitoring of temperature in motors, circuit breakers, power generating plants, and transmission line equipment. The more reliable and robust the methods for measuring these temperature, the more available, stable, and affordable the supply of energy will become. The world is increasingly realizing the threats to health and safety of toxic or otherwise undesirable by products of the industrial economy in the environment. Cleanup of such contamination often depends on techniques that require the constant monitoring of temperature in extremely hazardous environments, which can damage most conventional temperature sensors and which are dangerous for operating personnel. Our system makes such monitoring safer and more economical.

Rabold, D.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Ancestral Nesson anticline and associated geothermal anomalies: Enhanced hydrocarbon generation controlled by crustal structure  

SciTech Connect

Hydrocarbon generation in the Williston basin is influenced by crustal motions and geothermal gradient anomalies associated with the ancestral Nesson anticline, a long-lived crustal structure located along 103{degree} longitude. This structure and its effects are particularly important in Canada where most petroleum source rocks were not sufficiently buried to have generated hydrocarbons in a normal geothermal gradient environment. High geothermal gradients associated with this structure raise the oil window and expand the region of source rock thermal maturity. Ancestral Nesson structure subsided differentially throughout the Phanerozoic, controlling paleobathymetry and facies over its crest. During the Upper Ordovician the structure was positive; rich potential petroleum source rocks were deposited on the western flank of the structure, generally excluding them from the zone of elevated heat flows. The total petroleum potential of this oil-source system exceeds 5.5 billion bbl of oil equivalent in Canada alone. Unfortunately, its exclusion from the maturation anomaly results in no more than 200 million bbl of oil being expelled from these sources. During the Middle Devonian, the structure was a negative feature that formed a starved subbasin separating the Winnipegosis and Elm Point carbonate shelves. Rich potential petroleum source rocks that accumulated on the crest of the structure at that time now overlie the region of elevated heat that flows and enhanced hydrocarbon maturation. Two billion barrels of oil are estimated to have been expelled from this source rock. Understanding the history and tectonics of the ancestral Nesson anticline is fundamental to a correct appraisal of hydrocarbon resources in the Williston basin.

Osadetz, K.G.; Snowdon, L.R. (Geological Survey of Canada, Calgary, Alberta (Canada))

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

High temperature probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature probe for sampling, for example, smokestack fumes, and is able to withstand temperatures of 3000.degree. F. The probe is constructed so as to prevent leakage via the seal by placing the seal inside the water jacket whereby the seal is not exposed to high temperature, which destroys the seal. The sample inlet of the probe is also provided with cooling fins about the area of the seal to provide additional cooling to prevent the seal from being destroyed. Also, a heated jacket is provided for maintaining the temperature of the gas being tested as it passes through the probe. The probe includes pressure sensing means for determining the flow velocity of an efficient being sampled. In addition, thermocouples are located in various places on the probe to monitor the temperature of the gas passing there through.

Swan, Raymond A. (Fremont, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Low-level convergence and its role in convective intensity and frequency over the Houston lightning and rainfall anomaly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-R) in the Houston area during the summer season of 2005 presented a unique opportunity to investigate the role of boundary-layer convergence in modulating convective frequency and intensity and, thereby, likely causing the rainfall and lightning anomalies. The role...

McNear, Veronica Ann

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

304

Plasma Barodiffusion in Inertial-Confinement-Fusion Implosions: Application to Observed Yield Anomalies in Thermonuclear Fuel Mixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anomalies in Thermonuclear Fuel Mixtures Peter Amendt, O. L. Landen, and H. F. Robey Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551, USA C. K. Li and R. D. Petrasso Plasma Science and Fusion performance in general, and upcoming igni- tion tuning campaigns on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) [4

305

Characterisation of Optical Flow Anomalies in Pedestrian Traffic Ernesto L. Andrade, Scott Blunsden and Robert B. Fisher  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Characterisation of Optical Flow Anomalies in Pedestrian Traffic Ernesto L. Andrade, Scott Blunsden and Robert B. Fisher School of Informatics, Edinburgh University, UK eaneto@inf.ed.ac.uk, S.J.Blunsden@sms.ed.ac.uk, rbf@inf.ed.ac.uk ABSTRACT ­ This paper applies a video modelling technique to a surveillance scenario

Fisher, Bob

306

Fever and Body Temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fever and Body Temperature Fever and Body Temperature Name: Ying Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Hi, I have a few questions that I want to ask you: Why does your body chose to raise its temperature when you have a fever? Replies: Most bacteria and viruses that live in your body grow best at body temperature. They don't grow very well when the temperature is raised. When there are bacteria in your body they give off chemicals that signal white blood cells to come to try to eat them and also affect an area in your brain called the hypothalamus. This part of the brain controls alot of the automatic functions in your body and is also the site of your body's "thermostat". When the chemicals from the bacteria circulate through the hypothalamus it sets the body's temperature higher. This is called a fever. Your body kind of tries to "sweat out" the bacteria and kill them with a higher temperature. Some scientists question whether trying to bring down a fever is the best thing to do. If it isn't too high, some believe we should just let it work

307

Maintaining body temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maintaining body temperature Maintaining body temperature Name: Jeff Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What keeps the human body at a constant temperature of 98.6? Replies: Maintaining body temperature is very complex. It also takes a lot of energy. About 80% of the energy from the food you eat goes to maintaining body temperature. Basically, the chemical reactions of metabolism of stored food, especially fats, generate heat as a by product. This heat warms the body. The brain reads temperature and controls to some extent the rate of this metabolism. There are also many other mechanisms triggered by the brain to keep the core of your body warm, even if the periphery (skin) is cold. Blood vessels to the fingers and toes constrict, so that the cold air doesn't cool the blood too much, so that cooled blood doesn't cool down the heart and brain when it returns. In severe cases, your body will sacrifice a finger or a toe to keep you from dying of cold core temperature (frostbite: it saves your life!). Also the brain can order a lot of muscles to contract rapidly. This generates a lot of heat quickly, a response called shivering. There's much more to this exciting field of research.

308

Moderate Temperature | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Moderate Temperature Moderate Temperature Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Sanyal Temperature Classification: Moderate Temperature Dictionary.png Moderate Temperature: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Sanyal Temp Classification This temperature scheme was developed by Sanyal in 2005 at the request of DOE and GEA, as reported in Classification of Geothermal Systems: A Possible Scheme. Extremely Low Temperature Very Low Temperature Low Temperature Moderate Temperature High Temperature Ultra High Temperature Steam Field Reservoir fluid between 190°C and 230°C is considered by Sanyal to be "moderate temperature." "The next higher resource temperature limit is chosen as 230°C, which is lower than the minimum initial resource temperature encountered in

309

ARM - Measurement - Atmospheric temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

temperature temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Atmospheric temperature The temperature indicated by a thermometer exposed to the air in a place sheltered from direct solar radiation. Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AERI : Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer SONDE : Balloon-Borne Sounding System CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System

310

ARM - Measurement - Virtual temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsVirtual temperature govMeasurementsVirtual temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Virtual temperature The virtual temperature Tv = T(1 + rv/{epsilon}), where rv is the mixing ratio, and {epsilon} is the ratio of the gas constants of air and water vapor ( 0.622). Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems MWRP : Microwave Radiometer Profiler RWP : Radar Wind Profiler

311

Temperature-aware microarchitecture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With power density and hence cooling costs rising exponentially, processor packaging can no longer be designed for the worst case, and there is an urgent need for runtime processor-level techniques that can regulate operating temperature when the package's ...

Kevin Skadron; Mircea R. Stan; Wei Huang; Sivakumar Velusamy; Karthik Sankaranarayanan; David Tarjan

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Elevated temperature crack propagation  

SciTech Connect

This paper is a summary of two NASA contracts on high temperature fatigue crack propagation in metals. The first evaluated the ability of fairly simple nonlinear fracture parameters to correlate crack propagation. Hastelloy-X specimens were tested under isothermal and thermomechanical cycling at temperatures up to 980 degrees C (1800 degrees F). The most successful correlating parameter was the crack tip opening displacement derived from the J-integral. The second evaluated the ability of several path-independent integrals to correlate crack propagation behavior. Inconel 718 specimens were tested under isothermal, thermomechanical, temperature gradient, and creep conditions at temperatures up to 650 degrees C (1200 degrees F). The integrals formulated by Blackburn and by Kishimoto correlated the data reasonably well under all test conditions.

Orange, T.W.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Low temperature cryoprobe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A portable, hand held probe usable within a small confine to produce a point source of nitrogen or helium at a relatively constant temperatures of 77 degrees Kelvin, is discussed. 3 figs.

Sungaila, Z.F.

1988-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

314

High temperature pressure gauge  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature pressure gauge comprising a pressure gauge positioned in fluid communication with one end of a conduit which has a diaphragm mounted in its other end. The conduit is filled with a low melting metal alloy above the diaphragm for a portion of its length with a high temperature fluid being positioned in the remaining length of the conduit and in the pressure gauge.

Echtler, J. Paul (Pittsburgh, PA); Scandrol, Roy O. (Library, PA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Temperature maintained battery system  

SciTech Connect

A chassis contains a battery charger connected to a multi-cell battery. The charger receives direct current from an external direct current power source and has means to automatically selectively charge the battery in accordance with a preselected charging program relating to temperature adjusted state of discharge of the battery. A heater device is positioned within the chassis which includes heater elements and a thermal switch which activates the heater elements to maintain the battery above a certain predetermined temperature in accordance with preselected temperature conditions occurring within the chassis. A cooling device within the chassis includes a cooler regulator, a temperature sensor, and peltier effect cooler elements. The cooler regulator activates and deactivates the peltier cooler elements in accordance with preselected temperature conditions within the chassis sensed by the temperature sensor. Various vehicle function circuitry may also be positioned within the chassis. The contents of the chassis are positioned to form a passage proximate the battery in communication with an inlet and outlet in the chassis to receive air for cooling purposes from an external source.

Newman, W.A.

1980-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

316

High Temperature | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Temperature Temperature Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Sanyal Temperature Classification: High Temperature Dictionary.png High Temperature: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Sanyal Temp Classification This temperature scheme was developed by Sanyal in 2005 at the request of DOE and GEA, as reported in Classification of Geothermal Systems: A Possible Scheme. Extremely Low Temperature Very Low Temperature Low Temperature Moderate Temperature High Temperature Ultra High Temperature Steam Field Reservoir fluid between 230°C and 300°C is considered by Sanyal to be "high temperature." "Above a temperature level of 230°C, the reservoir would be expected to become two-phase at some point during exploitation. The next higher

317

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmospheric circulation anomalies Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in atmospheric mass between the subtropical high located near... variations in the NAO. Ocean currents have the ability to propagate temperature ... Source: Khatiwala, Samar -...

318

NASA's satellite orbit anomaly problem can be solved precisely in the frame of Einstein's special theory of relativity. Anomaly confirms that gravity fields propagate with velocity of light as Einstein predicted  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory put on You Tube a problem that has been baffling the scientists for sometime. It involves an unexpected force acting on the space probes. The author proves that NASA'S satellite orbit anomaly problem can be solved in the frame of Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity. The anomaly confirms that gravity fields propagate with velocity of light as Einstein predicted. The proof is based on the authors discovery of the relativistic version of Newton's gravity field. The author provides formulas for relativistic equation of motion for a spacecraft in the joint gravitational field of the Earth and the Sun in a Lorentzian frame attached to the Earth. The formulas are suitable for digital computers and can be easily implemented. He also shows how to find solutions of the relativistic equations of motion for the spacecraft.

Victor M. Bogdan

2009-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

319

Low Temperature | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Temperature Temperature Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Sanyal Temperature Classification: Low Temperature Dictionary.png Low Temperature: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Sanyal Temp Classification This temperature scheme was developed by Sanyal in 2005 at the request of DOE and GEA, as reported in Classification of Geothermal Systems: A Possible Scheme. Extremely Low Temperature Very Low Temperature Low Temperature Moderate Temperature High Temperature Ultra High Temperature Steam Field Reservoir fluid between 150°C and 190°C is considered by Sanyal to be "low temperature." "The mobile fluid phase in these reservoirs is liquid water. A number of commercial power projects have been operated over the last two decades

320

High temperature thermometric phosphors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature phosphor consists essentially of a material having the general formula LuPO.sub.4 :Dy.sub.(x),Eu.sub.y) wherein: 0.1 wt %.ltoreq.x.ltoreq.20 wt % and 0.1 wt %.ltoreq.y.ltoreq.20 wt %. The high temperature phosphor is in contact with an article whose temperature is to be determined. The article having the phosphor in contact with it is placed in the environment for which the temperature of the article is to be determined. The phosphor is excited by a laser causing the phosphor to fluoresce. The emission from the phosphor is optically focused into a beam-splitting mirror which separates the emission into two separate emissions, the emission caused by the dysprosium dopant and the emission caused by the europium dopent. The separated emissions are optically filtered and the intensities of the emission are detected and measured. The ratio of the intensity of each emission is determined and the temperature of the article is calculated from the ratio of the intensities of the separate emissions.

Allison, Stephen W. (Knoxville, TN); Cates, Michael R. (Oak Ridge, TN); Boatner, Lynn A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Gillies, George T. (Earlysville, VA)

1999-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Temperature Data Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Groundwater temperature is sensitive to the competing processes of heat flow from below the advective transport of heat by groundwater flow. Because groundwater temperature is sensitive to conductive and advective processes, groundwater temperature may be utilized as a tracer to further constrain the uncertainty of predictions of advective radionuclide transport models constructed for the Nevada Test Site (NTS). Since heat transport, geochemical, and hydrologic models for a given area must all be consistent, uncertainty can be reduced by devaluing the weight of those models that do not match estimated heat flow. The objective of this study was to identify the quantity and quality of available heat flow data at the NTS. One-hundred-forty-five temperature logs from 63 boreholes were examined. Thirteen were found to have temperature profiles suitable for the determination of heat flow values from one or more intervals within the boreholes. If sufficient spatially distributed heat flow values are obtained, a heat transport model coupled to a hydrologic model may be used to reduce the uncertainty of a nonisothermal hydrologic model of the NTS.

Gillespie, David

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Temperature initiated passive cooling system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive cooling system for cooling an enclosure only when the enclosure temperature exceeds a maximum standby temperature comprises a passive heat transfer loop containing heat transfer fluid having a particular thermodynamic critical point temperature just above the maximum standby temperature. An upper portion of the heat transfer loop is insulated to prevent two phase operation below the maximum standby temperature. 1 fig.

Forsberg, C.W.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

A Lattice Non-Perturbative Hamiltonian Construction of 1+1D Anomaly-Free Chiral Fermions and Bosons - on the equivalence of the anomaly matching conditions and the boundary fully gapping rules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A non-perturbative Hamiltonian construction of chiral fermions and bosons with anomaly-free symmetry $G$ in 1+1D spacetime is proposed. More precisely, we ask "whether there is a local short-range finite quantum Hamiltonian system realizing onsite symmetry $G$ defined on a 1D spatial lattice with a continuous time, such that its low energy physics produces a 1+1D anomaly-free chiral matter theory of symmetry $G$?" Our answer is "yes." In particular, we show that the 3$_L$-5$_R$-4$_L$-0$_R$ U(1) chiral fermion theory, with two left-moving fermions of charge-3 and charge-4, and two right-moving fermions of charge-5 and charge-0 at low energy, can be put on a 1D spatial lattice where the U(1) symmetry is realized as an onsite symmetry, if we include properly-designed interactions between fermions with intermediate strength. We show how to design such proper interactions by looking for interaction terms with extra symmetries. In general, we show that any 1+1D U(1)-anomaly-free chiral matter theory can be defined as a finite system on 1D lattice with onsite symmetry, by using a quantum Hamiltonian with a continuous time, if we include properly-designed interactions between matter fields. We comment on the new ingredients and the differences of ours comparing to Eichten-Preskill and Chen-Giedt-Poppitz models, and suggest modifying Chen-Giedt-Poppitz model to have successful mirror-decoupling. As an additional remark, we show a topological non-perturbative proof on the equivalence relation between 't Hooft anomaly matching conditions and the boundary fully gapping rules of U(1) symmetry.

Juven Wang; Xiao-Gang Wen

2014-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

324

temperature | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

temperature temperature Dataset Summary Description Freedom Field is a not-for-profit organization formed to facilitate development and commercialization of renewable energy solutions. The organization has installed a variety of renewable energy generating technologies at their facility (located at Rock River Water Reclamation in Rockford, IL), with the intention of serving as a demonstration facility. The facility monitors data (at 5-minute intervals) from a weather station, 12.4 kW of PV panels (56 220-watt panels), a 10kW wind turbine (HAWT), a 1.2 kW wind turbine (VAWT), an absorption cooling system, and biogas burners. Source Freedom Field Date Released July 19th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords biogas monitoring data PV radiance solar temperature

325

A Furnace Temperature Regulator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synopsis.By making the heating coil of an electric furnace one arm of a wheatstone bridge, and combining this with a galvanometer regulator, thus keeping constant the resistance of the coil, we can, regardless of variations in the current supply, and with no attention, maintain constant the temperature of furnaces not too directly influenced by the temperature of the room, or where the surrounding air is kept constant. The power available in this regulator is relatively very great indeed; nothing has to be inserted within the furnace cavity, and the lag is practically nothing; the regulator is often almost at its best under conditions most unfavorable to other regulators. It has held a small furnace constant to 0.1 for hours at temperatures from 500 to 1400.

Walter P. White and Leason H. Adams.

1919-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Temperature profile detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a temperature profile detector shown as a tubular enclosure surrounding an elongated electrical conductor having a plurality of meltable conductive segments surrounding it. Duplicative meltable segments are spaced apart from one another along the length of the enclosure. Electrical insulators surround these elements to confine molten material from the segments in bridging contact between the conductor and a second electrical conductor, which might be the confining tube. The location and rate of growth of the resulting short circuits between the two conductors can be monitored by measuring changes in electrical resistance between terminals at both ends of the two conductors. Additional conductors and separate sets of meltable segments operational at differing temperatures can be monitored simultaneously for measuring different temperature profiles. 8 figs.

Tokarz, R.D.

1983-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

327

Lightweight aerial vehicles for monitoring, assessment and mapping of radiation anomalies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant (FDNPP) incident released a significant mass of radioactive material into the atmosphere. An estimated 22% of this material fell out over land following the incident. Immediately following the disaster, there was a severe lack of information not only pertaining to the identity of the radioactive material released, but also its distribution as fallout in the surrounding regions. Indeed, emergency aid groups including the UN did not have sufficient location specific radiation data to accurately assign exclusion and evacuation zones surrounding the plant in the days and weeks following the incident. A newly developed instrument to provide rapid and high spatial resolution assessment of radionuclide contamination in the environment is presented. The device consists of a low cost, lightweight, unmanned aerial platform with a microcontroller and integrated gamma spectrometer, GPS and LIDAR. We demonstrate that with this instrument it is possible to rapidly and remotely detect ground-based radiation anomalies with a high spatial resolution (<1m). Critically, as the device is remotely operated, the user is removed from any unnecessary or unforeseen exposure to elevated levels of radiation.

J.W. MacFarlane; O.D. Payton; A.C. Keatley; G.P.T. Scott; H. Pullin; R.A. Crane; M. Smilion; I. Popescu; V. Curlea; T.B. Scott

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

NASA's astonishing evidence that c is not constant: The pioneer anomaly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For over 20 years NASA has struggled to find an explanation to the Pioneer anomaly. Now it becomes clear the solution to the riddle is that they have uncovered evidence that c, the speed of light, is not quite a universal constant. Using J. C. Cure s hypothesis that the index of refraction is a function of the gravitational energy density of space and straightforward Newtonian mechanics, NASA s measurements provide compelling evidence that the speed of light depends on the inverse of the square root of the gravitational energy density of space. The magnitude of the Pioneer anomalous acceleration leads to the value of the primordial energy density of space due to faraway stars and galaxies: 1.0838. x 10^15 Joule/m3. A value which almost miraculously coincides with the same quantity: 1.09429 x 10^15 Joule/m3 derived by J. C. Cure from a completely different phenomenon: the bending of starlight during solar eclipses.

E. D. Greaves

2007-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

329

Emergent gravity and chiral anomaly in Dirac semimetals in the presence of dislocations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the recently discovered Dirac semimetals with two Dirac points $\\pm{\\bf K}$. In the presence of elastic deformations each fermion propagates in a curved space, whose metric is defined by the expansion of the effective Hamiltonian near the Dirac point. Besides, there is the emergent electromagnetic field that is defined by the shift of the Dirac point. We consider the case, when the deformations are caused by the dislocations. The dislocation carries singular torsion and the quantized flux of emergent magnetic field. Both torsion singularity and emergent magnetic flux may be observed in the scattering of quasiparticles on the dislocation due to Stodolsky and Aharonov - Bohm effects. We discuss quantum anomalies in the quasiparticle currents in the presence of emergent gauge and gravitational fields and the external electromagnetic field. In particular, it is demonstrated, that in the presence of external electric field the quasiparticles/holes are pumped from vacuum along the dislocation. The appeared chiral imbalance along the dislocation drives the analogue of chiral magnetic effect, that is the appearance of electric current along the dislocation.

M. A. Zubkov

2015-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

330

ORAL HEALTH AND DENTOFACIAL ANOMALIES AMONG ??THALASSEMIA MAJOR IN ERBIL CITY, IRAQ  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thalassemias are a heterogeneous group of genetic disorders characterized by hypochromic microcytic anemia that caused by deficient synthesis of one or more of globin subunits of human hemoglobin. This study has been conducted in the Northern part of Iraq among 238 subjects having ??thalassemia major (BTM). To evaluate their oral health status dentofacial anomalies of patients who attended the Thalassemic center in Erbil city were compared to 258 subjects of a control group according to the criteria suggested by the WHO in 1997 which is used to assess permanent teeth. Only 8.51% of the total study group demonstrated crowding of anterior teeth in one or both segments compared to the control group. Spacing in the incisal segments was higher namely 19.23% in BTM compared to13.6% in the control group with a statistically significant difference (phealth indices were recorded to be higher among the study group (plaque index ?=?1.570 ?0.321 and gingival index ?=?1.205 ?0.308). Differences were statistically highly significant for all indices (phealth.

Lamya M. Saeed; Vian O. Majeed

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Temperature, heat flow maps and temperature gradient holes |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Temperature, heat flow maps and temperature gradient holes Author T. G. Zacharakis Organization Colorado Geological Survey in Cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy...

332

Ch. VII, Temperature, heat flow maps and temperature gradient...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ch. VII, Temperature, heat flow maps and temperature gradient holes Author T. G. Zacharakis Editor T. G. Zacharakis Published Colorado Geological Survey in Cooperation with the...

333

Fluorescent temperature sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is a fluorescent temperature sensor or optical thermometer. The sensor includes a solution of 1,3-bis(1-pyrenyl)propane within a 1-butyl-1-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ionic liquid solvent. The 1,3-bis(1-pyrenyl)propane remains unassociated when in the ground state while in solution. When subjected to UV light, an excited state is produced that exists in equilibrium with an excimer. The position of the equilibrium between the two excited states is temperature dependent.

Baker, Gary A [Los Alamos, NM; Baker, Sheila N [Los Alamos, NM; McCleskey, T Mark [Los Alamos, NM

2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

334

High Temperature Superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A brief review of the phenomenology of superconductivity, the distinction between type I and type II superconductors, and the application of type II superconductors is followed by a history of the theory of conventional superconductivity. Unconventional high-temperature superconductivity in the copper oxides is reviewed as a phenomenon occurring in narrow two-dimensional bands where the time for an electron transfer between like atoms is comparable to the period of an optical-mode lattice vibration. A family of iron pnictides containing layers of iron atoms may not require an alternative explanation of its high-temperature superconductivity.

J.B. Goodenough

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Fusion of one-class classifiers for protocol-based anomaly detection in AODV-based mobile ad hoc networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ad hoc on-demand distance vector (AODV) is a widely used routing protocol for mobile ad hoc networks that fully trusts all participants and has no security considerations. As a result, malicious nodes can violate the protocol and disrupt the network operations. In this paper, a protocol-based anomaly detection method in ad hoc networks with AODV routing protocol is proposed. In doing so, we use a step-by-step approach for modelling the normal behaviour of AODV, and utilise a combination of support vector data description (SVDD) and mixture of Gaussians (MoGs) one-class classifiers to classify any deviation from the normal behaviour as an anomaly. These two classifiers are chosen among six utilised classifiers according to their diversity and better accuracy. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method for detecting many types of attacks (e.g., wormhole, blackhole, rushing and denial of service (DoS)).

Mohammad Rahmanimanesh; Saeed Jalili; Ahmad R. Sharafat

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Signature of the coronal hole near the north crest equatorial anomaly over Egypt during the strong geomagnetic storm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Signature of the coronal hole near the north crest equatorial anomaly over Egypt during the strong hole effect. We use multi-instruments as SCINDA-GPS station at Helwan, Egypt (29.86 N, 31.32 E) and ASW-MAGDAS station at Aswan, Egypt (23.59 N, 32.51 E) in the equatorial region. At the beginning of the storm our

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

337

Temperature differential detection device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A temperature differential detection device for detecting the temperature differential between predetermined portions of a container wall is disclosed as comprising a Wheatstone bridge circuit for detecting resistance imbalance with a first circuit branch having a first elongated wire element mounted in thermal contact with a predetermined portion of the container wall, a second circuit branch having a second elongated wire element mounted in thermal contact with a second predetermined portion of a container wall with the wire elements having a predetermined temperature-resistant coefficient, an indicator interconnected between the first and second branches remote from the container wall for detecting and indicating resistance imbalance between the first and second wire elements, and connector leads for electrically connecting the wire elements to the remote indicator in order to maintain the respective resistance value relationship between the first and second wire elements. The indicator is calibrated to indicate the detected resistance imbalance in terms of a temperature differential between the first and second wall portions.

Girling, Peter M. (Allentown, PA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Chemistry at High Temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...347 the condensed phase. Both cases are...show the opposite behavior. These predictions...vapors. Condensed phase B203 B + B203 02...complex silicates and hydrates in high-temperature...characterized by phase diagrams (derived...doubt that thou-sands of new chemical materials...

John L. Margrave

1962-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

339

High Temperature Membrane Working Group  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The High Temperature Membrane Working Group consists of government, industry, and university researchers interested in developing high temperature membranes for fuel cells.

340

Dielectric, hypersonic, and domain anomalies of ,,PbMg13Nb23O3...1x,,PbTiO3...x single crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dielectric, hypersonic, and domain anomalies of ,,PbMg1?3Nb2?3O3...1?x,,PbTiO3...x single crystals

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Estimating the Sensitivity of the Atmospheric Teleconnection Patterns to SST Anomalies Using a Linear Statistical Method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The PacificNorth American (PNA) pattern and the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) are known to contain a tropical sea surface temperature (SST)-forced component. This study examines the sensitivity of the wintertime NAO and PNA to patterns of ...

Wei Li; Chris E. Forest

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

ORAL HEALTH AND DENTOFACIAL ANOMALIES AMONG ??THALASSEMIA MAJOR IN ERBIL CITY, IRAQ  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thalassemias are a heterogeneous group of genetic disorders characterized by hypochromic microcytic anemia that caused by deficient synthesis of one or more of globin subunits of human hemoglobin. This study has been conducted in the Northern part of Iraq among 238 subjects having ??thalassemia major (BTM). To evaluate their oral health status dentofacial anomalies of patients who attended the Thalassemic center in Erbil city were compared to 258 subjects of a control group according to the criteria suggested by the WHO in 1997 which is used to assess permanent teeth. Only 8.51% of the total study group demonstrated crowding of anterior teeth in one or both segments compared to the control group. Spacing in the incisal segments was higher namely 19.23% in BTM compared to13.6% in the control group with a statistically significant difference (p<0.05). A higher percentage of both study and control groups were having an overbite grade (0.35.0 mm) of 49.59% and 56.81% respectively. It was found that the distal deviation from the normal anteroposterior molar relation in BTM was higher compared to the control group. Nearly similar percentages of patients were found to have an over jet grade(0.03.5 mm). Values of plaque and gingival health indices were recorded to be higher among the study group (plaque index ?=?1.570 ?0.321 and gingival index ?=?1.205 ?0.308). Differences were statistically highly significant for all indices (p<0.01). This may indicate that there is a negative attitude and poor dental knowledge of thalassemic subjects and their parents toward proper oral hygiene and dental health.

Lamya M. Saeed; Vian O. Majeed

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Dynamics of zonal-mean flow assimilation and implications for winter circulation anomalies  

SciTech Connect

Seasonally averaged 200-mb circulations for recent winters (1987/88 and 1988/89) that represent opposite phases of El Nino and a zonal-mean zonal flow index cycle are diagnosed using data assimilated by the Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS) and operational analyses of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF). The comparison is undertaken to determine whether there are significant differences in the 200-mb vorticity dynamics implied by the mean meridional circulations in the two datasets and whether these differences can be related to the Incremental Analysis Update (IAU) method used in the GEOS assimilation. The two datasets show a high degree of similarity in their depictions of the large-scale rotational flow, but there are substantial differences in the associated divergent circulations. For the zonal-mean flow, the zonal winds are substantially the same, but the meridional wind in the Tropics and subtropics is considerably weaker in the GEOS assimilation than its counterparts in both the ECMWF data and the GEOS analyses used to produce the assimilation. The authors examine the assimilation of the Hadley circulation using a zonally symmetric f-plane model. For this model, the IAU method easily assimilates the rotational flow but fails to assimilate the divergent circulation. This deficiency of the IAU method may explain the weakness of the Hadley cell in the GEOS assimilation. For this simple model, an alternative assimilation method, based on constraints imposed by the analyzed potential vorticity and mean meridional circulation fields, is proposed that simultaneously assimilates both rotational and divergent flow components. Barotropic modeling suggests that an accurate representation of mean meridional flow anomalies can be important for the diagnosis of both zonal-mean and eddy rotational flow perturbations, particularly during extreme phases of the zonal-mean zonal flow fluctuation. 22 refs., 10 figs.

DeWeaver, E.; Nigam, S. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)] [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Analysis and modelling of the aeromagnetic anomalies of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we present a crustal magnetic model of the volcanic island of Gran Canaria based on aeromagnetic data. This magnetic study has made it possible to constrain the location and geometry of: (1) the mafic core of Gran Canaria, built as the result of the crystallization of magmas which rose from the mantle during the submarine and shield basaltic stages of its evolution. The most intense magnetic high, displayed over the NW part of the island likely shows the main feeding system of the shield volcano; (2) the residual syenitic shallow magma chamber which fed the salic volcanic activity in the center of the island, linked to the formation of the Tejeda caldera and to the intrusion of felsic rocks which made up a cone sheet; (3) a reversely magnetized linear intrusion located in the marine area to the NW of the island, which could be related to the magmatic source of the submarine volcanism between Gran Canaria and Tenerife. Most of these magnetic sources show a linear pattern with trends that are in close agreement with the orientations of previously identified fractures. The magmatic intrusion to the NW of the island could be related with a WSWENE active fault between Gran Canaria and Tenerife, while the main trend and location of the mafic core agree with a NWSE fault suggested by geological studies. This means that these magnetic sources are the result of the ascent and intrusion of magma along regional fractures. Therefore, this study provides fresh data which demonstrate the influence of regional tectonics on the growth of Gran Canaria during its entire evolution. Finally, the spectral analysis of the magnetic anomaly map suggests that it is possible that rocks located at mantle-like depths (from the Moho to about 23 km) behave as magnetic sources, a fact that can be related with the magmatic underplating detected by other geophysical techniques.

Isabel Blanco-Montenegro; J.Miquel Torta; Alicia Garc??a; Vicente Araa

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

High Temperature Membrane Working Group  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation provides an overview of the High Temperature Membrane Working Group Meeting in May 2007.

346

HEMISPHERIC CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY  

SciTech Connect

The Online Measurement of Decontamination project team received a commitment for a demonstration in May from the Sacramento (California) Municipal Utility District (SMUD) Rancho Seco site. Since this site is a member of the DOE Commercial Utilities Consortium, the demonstration will fulfill the DOE and commercial technology demonstration requirements. Discussion on deployment of the Integrated Vertical and Overhead Decontamination (IVOD) System at Rancho Seco was conducted; date for deployment tentatively scheduled for early spring. Based upon fictional requirements from SRS for a shiny monitor in a high-level waste tank, FIU-HCET developed and delivered a draft slurry monitor design and draft test plan. Experiments measuring slurry settling time for SRS slurry simulant at 10 wt% have been completed on FIU-HCET'S flow loop with SRS dip. The completed design package of the test mockup for evaluating Non-Intrusive Location of Buried Items Technologies was sent to Fluor Fernald and the Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program for review. Comments are due at the end of January. Preliminary experiments to determine size distribution of aerosols generated during metal cutting were performed. A 1/4-inch-thick iron plate was cut using a plasma arc torch, and the size distribution of airborne particles was measured using a multistage impactor. Per request of DOE-Ohio, FIU-HCET participated in a weeklong value engineering study for the characterization, decontamination, and dismantlement of their critical path facility.

M.A. Ebadian

2000-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

347

HEMISPHERIC CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY  

SciTech Connect

The final data package has been completed for the Mississippi State University, DIAL FTP Wall Depth Removal Characterization Technology. The package has been sent to DIAL for comments. Work is progressing on completing the transfer of glove boxes and tanks from Rocky Flats to FIU-HCET for the purpose of performing size reduction technology assessments. Vendors are being identified and security measures are being put in place to meet the High Risk Property criteria required by Rocky Flats. The FIU-HCET Technology Assessment Program has been included as one of 11 verification programs across the US and Canada described in the Interstate Technology Regulatory Cooperation (ITRC) document, ''Multi-state Evaluation of Elements Important to the Verification of Remediation Technologies'', dated January 1999. FIU-HCET will also participate in a panel discussion on technology verification programs at the International Environmental Technology Expo '99.

M.A. Ebadian

1999-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

348

HEMISPHERIC CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY  

SciTech Connect

FIU-HCET participated in an ICT meeting at Mound during the second week of December and presented a brief videotape of the testing of the Robotic Climber technology. During this meeting, FIU-HCET proposed the TechXtract technology for possible testing at Mound and agreed to develop a five-page proposal for review by team members. FIU-HCET provided assistance to Bartlett Inc. and General Lasertronics Corporation in developing a proposal for a Program Opportunity Notice (PON). The proposal was submitted by these companies on January 5, 1999. The search for new equipment dismantlement technologies is continuing. The following vendors have responded to requests for demonstration: LUMONICS, Laser Solutions technology; CRYO-BEAM, Cryogenic cutting technology; Waterjet Technology Association, Waterjet Cutting technology; and DIAJET, Waterjet Cutting technology. Based on the tasks done in FY98, FIU-HCET is working closely with Numatec Hanford Corporation (NHC) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to revise the plan and scope of work of the pipeline plugging project in FY99, which involves activities of lab-scale flow loop experiments and a large-scale demonstration test bed.

M.A. Ebadian

1999-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

349

HEMISPHERIC CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY  

SciTech Connect

FIU-HCET personnel visited the Special Technologies Laboratory (STL) for discussions with the Principal Investigator (PI) of Laser Induced Fluorescence Imaging (LIFI) and for training in LIFI. Mr. Peter Gibbons, Tanks Retrieval Technology Integration Manager, visited FIU-HCET on July 20, 1999. Mr. Gibbons inspected the pipeline unplugging experimental facility at the HCET testing field. The detailed test bed construction, testing plan, and plugging material specifications were discussed.

M.A. Ebadian

1999-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

350

Transport Anomalies and Marginal-Fermi-Liquid Effects at a Quantum Critical Point  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The conductivity and the tunneling density of states of disordered itinerant electrons in the vicinity of a ferromagnetic transition at low temperature are discussed. Critical fluctuations lead to nonanalytic frequency and temperature dependencies that are distinct from the usual long-time tail effects in a disordered Fermi liquid. The crossover between these two types of behavior is proposed as an experimental check of recent theories of the quantum ferromagnetic critical behavior. In addition, the quasiparticle properties at criticality are shown to be those of a marginal Fermi liquid.

D. Belitz; T. R. Kirkpatrick; R. Narayanan; Thomas Vojta

2000-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

351

High temperature detonator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A detonator assembly is provided which is usable at high temperatures about 300.degree. C. A detonator body is provided with an internal volume defining an anvil surface. A first acceptor explosive is disposed on the anvil surface. A donor assembly having an ignition element, an explosive material, and a flying plate, are placed in the body effective to accelerate the flying plate to impact the first acceptor explosive on the anvil for detonating the first acceptor explosive. A second acceptor explosive is eccentrically located in detonation relationship with the first acceptor explosive to thereafter effect detonation of a main charge.

Johnson, James O. (Los Alamos, NM); Dinegar, Robert H. (Los Alamos, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Thermionic converter temperature controller  

SciTech Connect

A method and apparatus for controlling the temperature of a thermionic reactor over a wide range of operating power, including a thermionic reactor having a plurality of integral cesium reservoirs, a honeycomb material disposed about the reactor which has a plurality of separated cavities, a solid sheath disposed about the honeycomb material and having an opening therein communicating with the honeycomb material and cavities thereof, and a shell disposed about the sheath for creating a coolant annulus therewith so that the coolant in the annulus may fill the cavities and permit nucleate boiling during the operation of the reactor.

Shaner, Benjamin J. (McMurray, PA); Wolf, Joseph H. (Pittsburgh, PA); Johnson, Robert G. R. (Trafford, PA)

2001-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

353

Thermionic Converter Temperature Controller  

SciTech Connect

A method and apparatus for controlling the temperature of a thermionic reactor over a wide range of operating power, including a thermionic reactor having a plurality of integral cesium reservoirs, a honeycomb material disposed about the reactor which has a plurality of separated cavities, a solid sheath disposed about the honeycomb material and having an opening therein communicating with the honeycomb material and cavities thereof, and a shell disposed about the sheath for creating a coolant annulus therewith so that the coolant in the annulus may fill the cavities and permit nucleate boiling during the operation of the reactor.

Shaner,B. J.; Wolf, Joseph H.; Johnson, Robert G. R.

1999-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

354

Drexel University Temperature Sensors  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes background information and presents results related to temperature measurements in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) National Scientific User Facility (NSUF) Drexel University Project 31091 irradiation. The objective of this test was to assess the radiation performance of new ceramic materials for advanced reactor applications. Accordingly, irradiations of transition metal carbides and nitrides were performed using the Hydraulic Shuttle Irradiation System (HSIS) in the B-7 position and in static capsules inserted into the A-3 and East Flux Trap Position 5 locations of the ATR.

K. L. Davis; D. L. Knudson; J. L. Rempe; B. M. Chase

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Crowdsourcing urban air temperatures from smartphone battery?temperatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accurate air temperature observations in urban areas are important for meteorology and energy demand planning. They are indispensable to study the urban heat island effect and the adverse effects of high temperatures on ...

Overeem, A.

356

Test for consistence of a flyby anomaly simulation with the observed Doppler residuals for the Messenger flybys of Mercury  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 2007, the observed Earth flyby anomalies have been successfully simulated using an empirical formula (H. J. Busack, 2007). This simulation has led to the prediction of anomaly values, to be expected for the Rosetta flybys of Mars in 2007, and following twice of Earth in 2007 and 2009. While the data for the Mars flyby are yet under evaluation, the predictions of the formula for the last two Earth flybys of Rosetta are fully confirmed now. This is remarkable, since an alternatively proposed formula (Anderson et al., 2007) failed to predict the correct values for the recent flybys. For the Mercury flybys of the Messenger spacecraft, this alternative formula predicts a null result. In the meantime, Doppler residuals of these flybys on 14.01.2008 and 06.10.2008 are availabel. On both flybys, significant residuals were observed, using gravity data derived by Mariner 10 on Mercury (D. E. Smith et al., 2009). According to the authors, these residuals cannot be eliminated totally by adjustment of the second degree gravity coefficients and by assumption of irregular mass concentrations of acceptable value on Mercury. In this investigation, I adapt the output of the simulation program to compare with the measured Doppler residuals of the Mercury flybys without changing the formerly derived parameters for the Earth flybys. The simulation with these parameters leads to Doppler residuals of the Mercury flybys compatible with the measured curves. Additionally, the expected flyby anomalies are calculated. Since the gravity field of Mercury is not explored yet with sufficient accuracy, this result cannot be falsified or confirmed until the evaluation of the coming Mercury orbits of Messenger will be finished. If the proposed empirical formula would be confirmed then again, this would be a strong indication of an underlying physical reality.

Hans-Juergen Busack

2010-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

357

Surface Heat Flux Response to SST Anomalies: CCSM3.5+ vs Observation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Macrophysics · Update cloud fraction after macrophysics Reduce high-latitude LCA and land temperature biases Stratus · Overlap · In-cumulus LWC = In-stratus LWC · Non-overlap · In-cumulus LWC In-stratus LWC #12;LCA. CAM Macro LCA. CAM ­ Obs. LCA. Observation LCA. Revised ­ CAM The revised macrophysics exactly offsets

358

Cross-Plane Seebeck Coefficient Anomaly in a High Barrier Superlattice with Miniband Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is equivalent to a material with a positive Seebeck coefficient. This will be useful in cascading thermoelements for measurements. First, we calibrated the heater resistance with the stage temperature. To reduce the influence of the contact wires and pads, we used a four-wire measurement for gauging the resistance. At a given heater

359

Design principle and calculations of a Scheffler fixed focus concentrator for medium temperature applications  

SciTech Connect

Scheffler fixed focus concentrators are successfully used for medium temperature applications in different parts of the world. These concentrators are taken as lateral sections of paraboloids and provide fixed focus away from the path of incident beam radiations throughout the year. The paper presents a complete description about the design principle and construction details of an 8 m{sup 2} surface area Scheffler concentrator. The first part of the paper presents the mathematical calculations to design the reflector parabola curve and reflector elliptical frame with respect to equinox (solar declination = 0) by selecting a specific lateral part of a paraboloid. Crossbar equations and their ellipses, arc lengths and their radii are also calculated to form the required lateral section of the paraboloid. Thereafter, the seasonal parabola equations are calculated for two extreme positions of summer and winter in the northern hemisphere (standing reflectors). The slopes of the parabola equations for equinox (solar declination = 0), summer (solar declination = +23.5) and winter (solar declination = -23.5) for the Scheffler reflector (8 m{sup 2} surface area) are calculated to be 0.17, 0.28, and 0.13 respectively. The y-intercepts of the parabola equations for equinox, summer and winter are calculated as 0, 0.54, and -0.53 respectively. By comparing with the equinox parabola curve, the summer parabola is found to be smaller in size and uses the top part of the parabola curve while the winter parabola is bigger in size and uses the lower part of the parabola curve to give the fixed focus. For this purpose, the reflector assembly is composed of flexible crossbars and a frame to induce the required change of the parabola curves with the changing solar declination. The paper also presents the calculation procedure of seasonal parabola equations for standing reflectors in the southern hemisphere as well as for laying reflectors in the northern and southern hemispheres. Highly reflective aluminium sheets are used on the crossbar profiles to complete the concentrator. The reflector is installed at the required site by setting its axis of rotation at an angle equal to the latitude of the site. For daily tracking, these concentrators rotate along an axis parallel to the polar axis of the earth at an angular velocity of one revolution per day with the help of simpler and cheaper self-tracking devices. For seasonal tracking, the reflector rotates at half the solar declination angle with the help of a telescopic clamp mechanism. The design procedure is simple, flexible and does not need any special computational setup, thus offering the prospect of potential application in domestic as well as industrial configurations. (author)

Munir, A.; Hensel, O. [Department of Agricultural Engineering,University of Kassel, Nordbahnhofstr. 1 a 37213 Witzenhausen (Germany); Scheffler, W. [Solar Bruecke G.v.Werdenbergstr.6 D-89344 Aislingen (Germany)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

360

The Greenhouse Effect Temperature Equilibrium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Greenhouse Effect #12;Temperature Equilibrium The Earth is in equilibrium with the Sun temperature is about 14C, or 287K. The 40K difference is due to the greenhouse effect. Essentially all

Walter, Frederick M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Low Temperature Proton Conductivity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and and MEAs at Freezing Temperatures Thomas A. Zawodzinski, Jr. Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Ohio 2 Freezing Fuel Cells: Impact on MEAS Below 0 o C *Transport processes/motions slow down: questions re: lower conductivity,water mobility etc *Residual water will have various physical effects in different portions of the MEA questions re: durability of components 3 3 'States' of Water in Proton Conductors ? Freezing (bulk), bound freezable, bound non freezable water states claimed based on DSC * Freezing water more mobile, allegedly important for high conductivity Analysis common for porous systems Does the presence of these states matter? Why? 4 'State of Water' in PEMs At T < 0 o C *'Liquid-like' water freezes *'Non-freezing' fraction: water of solvation at pore

362

Radiation Minimum Temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Frost resulting from cooling of vegetation by nocturnal radiation is a serious agricultural problem. Because of the number of variables involved attacks on this problem from a purely theoretical point of view have met with only moderate success. It seems logical to suppose that an instrument might be devised which would speed up the natural radiation processes and enable an observer to obtain in a few hours a measure of the cooling which occurs naturally over a period of 12 to 14 hr. Such an instrument could serve as a frost warning device. This paper describes the construction of a radiation device and presents experimental evidence to show that it can be used as a predictor of freezing temperatures at vegetation level.

Francis K. Davis Jr.

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

High-Temperature Water Splitting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

High-temperature water splitting (a "thermochemical" process) is a long-term technology in the early stages of development.

364

Battery system with temperature sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A battery system to monitor temperature includes at least one cell with a temperature sensing device proximate the at least one cell. The battery system also includes a flexible member that holds the temperature sensor proximate to the at least one cell.

Wood, Steven J.; Trester, Dale B.

2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

365

Hot Pot Contoured Temperature Gradient Map  

SciTech Connect

Temperature gradient contours derived from Oski temperature gradient hole program and from earlier published information.

Lane, Michael

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

366

Hot Pot Contoured Temperature Gradient Map  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Temperature gradient contours derived from Oski temperature gradient hole program and from earlier published information.

Lane, Michael

367

Phase transformation in multiferroic Bi{sub 5}Ti{sub 3}FeO{sub 15} ceramics by temperature-dependent ellipsometric and Raman spectra: An interband electronic transition evidence  

SciTech Connect

Thermal evolution and an intermediate phase between ferroelectric orthorhombic and paraelectric tetragonal phase of multiferroic Bi{sub 5}Ti{sub 3}FeO{sub 15} ceramic have been investigated by temperature-dependent spectroscopic ellipsometry and Raman scattering. Dielectric functions and interband transitions extracted from the standard critical-point model show two dramatic anomalies in the temperature range of 200873?K. It was found that the anomalous temperature dependence of electronic transition energies and Raman mode frequencies around 800?K can be ascribed to intermediate phase transformation. Moreover, the disappearance of electronic transition around 3?eV at 590?K is associated with the conductive property.

Jiang, P. P.; Duan, Z. H.; Xu, L. P.; Zhang, X. L.; Li, Y. W.; Hu, Z. G., E-mail: zghu@ee.ecnu.edu.cn; Chu, J. H. [Key Laboratory of Polar Materials and Devices, Ministry of Education, Department of Electronic Engineering, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241 (China)

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

368

Quantum Chemistry at Finite Temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article, we present emerging fields of quantum chemistry at finite temperature. We discuss its recent developments on both experimental and theoretical fronts. First, we describe several experimental investigations related to the temperature effects on the structures, electronic spectra, or bond rupture forces for molecules. These include the analysis of the temperature impact on the pathway shifts for the protein unfolding by atomic force microscopy (AFM), the temperature dependence of the absorption spectra of electrons in solvents, and the temperature influence over the intermolecular forces measured by the AFM. On the theoretical side, we review advancements made by the author in the coming fields of quantum chemistry at finite temperature. Starting from the Bloch equation, we have derived the sets of hierarchy equations for the reduced density operators in both canonical and grand canonical ensembles. They provide a law according to which the reduced density operators vary in temperature for the identical and interacting many-body systems. By taking the independent particle approximation, we have solved the equations in the case of a grand canonical ensemble, and obtained an energy eigenequation for the molecular orbitals at finite temperature. The explicit expression for the temperature-dependent Fock operator is also given. They form a mathematical foundation for the examination of the molecular electronic structures and their interplay with finite temperature. Moreover, we clarify the physics concerning the temperature effects on the electronic structures or processes of the molecules, which is crucial for both theoretical understanding and computation. Finally, ....

Liqiang Wei

2006-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

369

The neutron anomaly in the gamma N --> eta N cross section through the looking glass of the flavour SU(3) symmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the implications of the flavour SU(3) symmetry for various interpretations of the neutron anomaly in the $\\gamma N\\to\\eta N$ cross section. We show that the explanation of the neutron anomaly due to interference of known N(1535) and N(1650) resonances implies that N(1650) resonance should have a huge coupling to $\\phi$-meson -- at least 5 times larger than the corresponding $\\rho^0$ coupling. In terms of quark degrees of freedom this means that the well-known N(1650) resonance must be a "cryptoexotic pentaquark"-- its wave function should contain predominantly an $s\\bar s$ component. It turns out that the "conventional" interpretation of the neutron anomaly by the interference of known resonances metamorphoses into unconventional physics picture of N(1650).

Boika, T; Polyakov, M V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Axions and Anomaly-Mediated Interactions: The Green-Schwarz and Wess-Zumino Vertices at Higher Orders and g-2 of the muon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a study of the mechanism of anomaly cancellation using only transverse invariant amplitudes on anomaly diagrams at higher perturbative orders. The method is the realization of the Green-Schwarz (GS) mechanism at field theory level, which restores the Ward identities by a subtraction of the anomaly pole. Some of the properties of the GS vertex are analyzed both in the context of unitarity and of the organization of the related perturbative expansion. We investigate the role played by the GS and the Wess-Zumino vertices in the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon and in the hyperfine splitting of muonium, which are processes that can be accompanied by the exchange of a virtual anomalous extra Z-prime and an axion-like particle.

Roberta Armillis; Claudio Coriano'; Marco Guzzi; Simone Morelli

2008-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

371

Meson properties at finite temperature in a three flavor nonlocal chiral quark model with Polyakov loop  

SciTech Connect

We study the finite temperature behavior of light scalar and pseudoscalar meson properties in the context of a three-flavor nonlocal chiral quark model. The model includes mixing with active strangeness degrees of freedom, and takes care of the effect of gauge interactions by coupling the quarks with the Polyakov loop. We analyze the chiral restoration and deconfinement transitions, as well as the temperature dependence of meson masses, mixing angles and decay constants. The critical temperature is found to be T{sub c{approx_equal}}202 MeV, in better agreement with lattice results than the value recently obtained in the local SU(3) PNJL model. It is seen that above T{sub c} pseudoscalar meson masses get increased, becoming degenerate with the masses of their chiral partners. The temperatures at which this matching occurs depend on the strange quark composition of the corresponding mesons. The topological susceptibility shows a sharp decrease after the chiral transition, signalling the vanishing of the U(1){sub A} anomaly for large temperatures.

Contrera, G. A. [Physics Department, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Av.Libertador 8250, (1429) Buenos Aires (Argentina); CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Dumm, D. Gomez [CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); IFLP, Dpto. de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, C.C. 67, (1900) La Plata (Argentina); Scoccola, Norberto N. [Physics Department, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Av.Libertador 8250, (1429) Buenos Aires (Argentina); CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Universidad Favaloro, Solis 453, (1078) Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

High-temperature Pump Monitoring - High-temperature ESP Monitoring...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

at least at the outset, exclude new ideas. The drift issue appears to have brought a new search for materials into this research. * Objectives: Develop temperature and pressure...

373

High-temperature Pump Monitoring - High-temperature ESP Monitoring...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Report Detecting Fractures Using Technology at High Temperatures and Depths - Geothermal Ultrasonic Fracture Imager (GUFI); 2010 Geothermal Technology Program Peer Review Report...

374

Mental retardation, congenital heart defect, cleft palate, short stature, and facial anomalies: A new X-linked multiple congenital anomalies/mental retardation syndrome: Clinical description and molecular studies  

SciTech Connect

We report on two brothers and their two maternal uncles with severe mental retardation, congenital heart defect, cleft or highly arched palate, short stature and craniofacial anomalies consisting of microcephaly, abnormal ears, bulbous nose, broad nasal bridge, malar hypoplasia, and micro-gnathia. Three of the four patients died at an early age. The mother of the two brothers had an atrial septal defect. She is assumed to be manifesting carrier of a mutant gene, which is expressed in her two sons and two brothers. By multipoint linkage analysis it is found that the most likely location of the responsible gene is the pericentromeric region Xp21.3-q21.3 with DMD and DXS3 as flanking markers. Maximum information is obtained with marker DXS453 (Z = 1.20 at {theta} = 0.0). 24 refs., 12 figs., 1 tab.

Hamel, B.C.J.; Mariman, E.C.M.; Beersum, S.E.C. van; Ropers, H.H. [University Hospital, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Schoonbrood-Lenssen, A.M.J. [Institute for the Mentally Retarded, Echt (Netherlands)

1994-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

375

Actinide Thermodynamics at Elevated Temperatures  

SciTech Connect

The postclosure chemical environment in the proposed Yucca Mountain repository is expected to experience elevated temperatures. Predicting migration of actinides is possible if sufficient, reliable thermodynamic data on hydrolysis and complexation are available for these temperatures. Data are scarce and scattered for 25 degrees C, and nonexistent for elevated temperatures. This collaborative project between LBNL and PNNL collects thermodynamic data at elevated temperatures on actinide complexes with inorganic ligands that may be present in Yucca Mountain. The ligands include hydroxide, fluoride, sulfate, phosphate and carbonate. Thermodynamic parameters of complexation, including stability constants, enthalpy, entropy and heat capacity of complexation, are measured with a variety of techniques including solvent extraction, potentiometry, spectrophotometry and calorimetry

Friese, Judah I.; Rao, Linfeng; Xia, Yuanxian; Bachelor, Paula P.; Tian, Guoxin

2007-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

376

High Temperature Processing Symposium 2014  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

} High temperature recycling operations } Materials sustainability } New furnace technology (including solar) We look forward to seeing you in February 2014. Dr M Akbar Rhamdhani (Chairman HTPS 2014) Prof

Liley, David

377

AAPG Low-Temperature Webinar  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

is coproduction? When and where are low temperature geothermal resources coproduced with oil and gas? * What are the economics of low temp geothermal coproduction? * Where are some...

378

Experiment Hazard Class 3 - High Temperatures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Operation * APS Base Low Temperatures * Cryogenic Systems High Temperatures * Electric Furnace * Optical Furnace * Other High Temperature Lasers * Laser, Class 2 * Laser,...

379

Interstitial deletion of 8q21{yields}22 associated with minor anomalies, congenital heart defect, and Dandy-Walker variant  

SciTech Connect

We describe an infant with a deletion of 8q21{yields}22 who had distinct clinical manifestations including minor facial anomalies, a congenital heart defect, a Dandy-Walker variant, and mild to moderate developmental delay. Her facial characteristics included small, wide-spaced eyes, asymmetric bilateral epicanthal folds, a broad nasal bridge, a {open_quotes}carp-shaped{close_quotes} mouth, micrognathia, and prominent, apparently low-set ears. Three other reports describe children with larger proximal deletions of 8q that include 8q21 and q22. These four children all have similar facial appearance. Of the others reported, one had a congenital heart defect and one had craniosynostosis. This case, in addition to the previously noted three cases, helps in delineating a recognizable syndrome. 12 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Donahue, M.L. [Medical Univ. of South Carolina, Charleston, SC (United States); Ryan, R.M. [Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States)

1995-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

380

Neutron-Proton Mass Difference in Nuclear Matter and in Finite Nuclei and the Nolen-Schiffer Anomaly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The neutron-proton mass difference in (isospin asymmetric) nuclear matter and finite nuclei is studied in the framework of a medium-modified Skyrme model. The proposed effective Lagrangian incorporates both the medium influence of the surrounding nuclear environment on the single nucleon properties and an explicit isospin-breaking effect in the mesonic sector. Energy-dependent charged and neutral pion optical potentials in the s- and p-wave channels are included as well. The present approach predicts that the neutron-proton mass difference is mainly dictated by its strong part and that it markedly decreases in neutron matter. Furthermore, the possible interplay between the effective nucleon mass in finite nuclei and the Nolen-Schiffer anomaly is discussed. In particular, we find that a correct description of the properties of mirror nuclei leads to a stringent restriction of possible modifications of the nucleon's effective mass in nuclei.

Ulf-G. Meiner; A. M. Rakhimov; A. Wirzba; U. T. Yakhshiev

2009-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

An Integrated Scheme for Anomaly Identification and Automatic Control of Nuclear Power Plants Xin Jin, Robert M. Edwards and Asok Ray  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Integrated Scheme for Anomaly Identification and Automatic Control of Nuclear Power Plants Xin.edu INTRODUCTION Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) are complex systems with many variables that require adjustment to the NPP. METHODOLOGY This proposed integrated scheme consists of three inter-related subsystems: Nuclear

Ray, Asok

382

Fluctuating micro-heterogeneity in watertert-butyl alcohol mixtures and lambda-type divergence of the mean cluster size with phase transition-like multiple anomalies  

SciTech Connect

Watertert-butyl alcohol (TBA) binary mixture exhibits a large number of thermodynamic and dynamic anomalies. These anomalies are observed at surprisingly low TBA mole fraction, with x{sub TBA} ? 0.030.07. We demonstrate here that the origin of the anomalies lies in the local structural changes that occur due to self-aggregation of TBA molecules. We observe a percolation transition of the TBA molecules at x{sub TBA} ? 0.05. We note that islands of TBA clusters form even below this mole fraction, while a large spanning cluster emerges above that mole fraction. At this percolation threshold, we observe a lambda-type divergence in the fluctuation of the size of the largest TBA cluster, reminiscent of a critical point. Alongside, the structure of water is also perturbed, albeit weakly, by the aggregation of TBA molecules. There is a monotonic decrease in the tetrahedral order parameter of water, while the dipole moment correlation shows a weak nonlinearity. Interestingly, water molecules themselves exhibit a reverse percolation transition at higher TBA concentration, x{sub TBA} ? 0.45, where large spanning water clusters now break-up into small clusters. This is accompanied by significant divergence of the fluctuations in the size of largest water cluster. This second transition gives rise to another set of anomalies around. Both the percolation transitions can be regarded as manifestations of Janus effect at small molecular level.

Banerjee, Saikat; Furtado, Jonathan; Bagchi, Biman, E-mail: bbagchi@sscu.iisc.ernet.in [SSCU, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)] [SSCU, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

383

Low-frequency anomalies in spectral ratios of single station microtremor measurements: Observations across an oil and gas field in Austria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Low-frequency anomalies in spectral ratios of single station microtremor measurements: Observations across an oil and gas field in Austria Marc Lambert and Stefan M. Schmalholz, Geological Institute, ETH are calculated from the different components of ground motion measured at single stations. An example

Podladchikov, Yuri

384

Fluctuating micro-heterogeneity in water - tert-butyl alcohol mixtures and lambda-type divergence of the mean cluster size with phase transition-like multiple anomalies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water - tert-butyl alcohol (TBA) binary mixture exhibits a large number of thermodynamic and dynamic anomalies. These anomalies are observed at surprisingly low TBA mole fraction, with $x_{\\text{TBA}} \\approx 0.03 - 0.07$. We demonstrate here that the origin of the anomalies lies in the local structural changes that occur due to self-aggregation of TBA molecules. We observe a percolation transition of the TBA molecules at $x_{\\text{TBA}} \\approx 0.05$. We note that "islands" of TBA clusters form even below this mole fraction, while a large spanning cluster emerges above that mole fraction. At this percolation threshold, we observe a lambda-type divergence in the fluctuation of the size of the largest TBA cluster, reminiscent of a critical point. Alongside, the structure of water is also perturbed, albeit weakly, by the aggregation of TBA molecules. There is a monotonic decrease in the tetrahedral order parameter of water, while the dipole moment correlation shows a weak non-linearity. Interestingly, water molecules themselves exhibit a reverse percolation transition at higher TBA concentration, $x_{\\text{TBA}} \\approx 0.45$, where large spanning water clusters now break-up into small clusters. This is accompanied by significant divergence of the fluctuations in the size of largest water cluster. This second transition gives rise to another set of anomalies around. Both the percolation transitions can be regarded as manifestations of Janus effect at small molecular level.

Saikat Banerjee; Jonathan Furtado; Biman Bagchi

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

385

ARM - Measurement - Soil surface temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

surface temperature surface temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Soil surface temperature The temperature of the soil measured near the surface. Categories Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AMC : Ameriflux Measurement Component CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems SOIL : Soil Measurement from the SGP SWATS : Soil Water and Temperature System MET : Surface Meteorological Instrumentation

386

ARM - Measurement - Surface skin temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

skin temperature skin temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Surface skin temperature The radiative surface skin temperature, from an IR thermometer measuring the narrowband radiating temperature of the ground surface in its field of view. Categories Radiometric, Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments IRT : Infrared Thermometer MFRIRT : Multifilter Radiometer and Infrared Thermometer External Instruments

387

Surface temperature | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Surface temperature Surface temperature Dataset Summary Description This dataset, made available by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), shows the difference between the yearly central England temperature for years 1772 through 2009 and the 1961 - 1990 baseline (1961 - 1990 Central England average after smoothing). It also shows the difference between average global temperature and 1961 - 1990 average after smoothing. The original source of the data is the Met Office. Source UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Date Released March 12th, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords climate change Surface temperature UK weather Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon 1 Excel file: Surface Temps, 1772 - 1990 (xls, 1.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review

388

Self-Organized Networks and Lattice Effects in High Temperature Superconductors III: Dopant Internal Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The self-organized dopant percolative filamentary model, entirely orbital in character (no fictive spins), predicted the existence and even the ~ 3 nm diameters of gap nanodomains (discovered by STM) that amazed almost all theorists in this field. Here it explores the self-consistent and self-limiting coupling between dopant sites and gap character. It explains precursive magnetic effects and shows that they are caused by dopant ordering into loops at an onset temperature of order 2Tc. The ordered coupling of these loops by filamentary connectors is reflected by Debye-Waller factors, and it apparently leads to HTSC. The model also resolves the mystery of the vanishing isotope effect, and it explains the origin of the high-energy "waterfall" recently discovered by ARPES, as well as some overlooked infrared anomalies.

J. C. Phillips

2006-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

389

Temperature dependence of vortex charges in high-temperature superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using a model Hamiltonian with d-wave superconductivity and competing antiferromagnetic (AF) interactions, the temperature (T) dependence of the vortex charge in high-Tc superconductors is investigated by numerically solving the Bogoliubovde Gennes equations. The strength of the induced AF order inside the vortex core is T dependent. The vortex charge could be negative when the AF order with sufficient strength is present at low temperatures. At higher temperatures, the AF order may be completely suppressed and the vortex charge becomes positive. A first-order-like transition in the T-dependent vortex charge is seen near the critical temperature TAF. For an underdoped sample, the spatial profiles of the induced spin-density wave and the charge-density wave orders could have stripelike structures at TTs. As a result, a vortex charge discontinuity occurs at Ts.

Yan Chen; Z. D. Wang; C. S. Ting

2003-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

390

Water dynamical anomalies evidenced by molecular-dynamics simulations at the solvent-protein interface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a computer simulation picture of the dynamical behavior, at room temperature, of water in the region close to a protein surface. We analyzed the probability distribution of water molecules diffusing near the surface, and we found that it deviates from a Gaussian, which is predicted for Brownian particles. Consistently, the mean square displacements of water oxygens show a sublinear trend with time. Moreover, the relaxation of hydration layers around the whole protein is found to follow a stretched exponential decay, typical of complex systems, which could as well be ascribed to the non-Gaussian shape of the propagator. In agreement with such findings, the analysis of water translational and reorientational diffusion showed that not only are the solvent molecule motions hindered in the region close to the protein surface, but also the very nature of the particle diffusive processes, both translational and rotational, is affected. The deviations from the bulk water properties, which put into evidence a deep influence exerted by the protein on the solvent molecule motion, are discussed in connection with the presence of spatial (protein surface roughness) and temporal (distribution of water residence times) disorder inherent in the system.

Claudia Rocchi; Anna Rita Bizzarri; Salvatore Cannistraro

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Method for measuring surface temperature  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a method for measuring a surface temperature using is a fluorescent temperature sensor or optical thermometer. The sensor includes a solution of 1,3-bis(1-pyrenyl)propane within a 1-butyl-1-1-methyl pyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ionic liquid solvent. The 1,3-bis(1-pyrenyl)propane remains unassociated when in the ground state while in solution. When subjected to UV light, an excited state is produced that exists in equilibrium with an excimer. The position of the equilibrium between the two excited states is temperature dependent.

Baker, Gary A. (Los Alamos, NM); Baker, Sheila N. (Los Alamos, NM); McCleskey, T. Mark (Los Alamos, NM)

2009-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

392

A Dynamical Approach to Temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new dynamical approach for measuring the temperature of a Hamiltonian dynamical system in the micro canonical ensemble of thermodynamics. We show that under the hypothesis of ergodicity the temperature can be computed as a time-average of the functional, div(grad H/|grad H|^2), on the energy-surface. Our method not only yields an efficient computational approach for determining the temperature it also provides an intrinsic link between dynamical systems theory and the statistical mechanics of Hamiltonian systems.

Hans Henrik Rugh

1997-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

393

Validation of Noah-simulated Soil Temperature in the North American Land Data Assimilation System Phase 2  

SciTech Connect

Soil temperature can exhibit considerable memory from weather and climate signals and is among the most important initial conditions in numerical weather and climate models. Consequently, a more accurate long-term land surface soil temperature dataset is needed to improve weather and climate simulation and prediction, and is also important for the simulation of agricultural crop yield and ecological processes. The North-American Land Data Assimilation (NLDAS) Phase 2 (NLDAS-2) has generated 31-years (1979-2009) of simulated hourly soil temperature data with a spatial resolution of 1/8o. This dataset has not been comprehensively evaluated to date. Thus, the ultimate purpose of the present work is to assess Noah-simulated soil temperature for different soil depths and timescales. We used long-term (1979-2001) observed monthly mean soil temperatures from 137 cooperative stations over the United States to evaluate simulated soil temperature for three soil layers (0-10 cm, 10-40 cm, 40-100 cm) for annual and monthly timescales. We used short-term (1997-1999) observed soil temperature from 72 Oklahoma Mesonet stations to validate simulated soil temperatures for three soil layers and for daily and hourly timescales. The results showed that the Noah land surface model (Noah LSM) generally matches observed soil temperature well for different soil layers and timescales. At greater depths, the simulation skill (anomaly correlation) decreased for all time scales. The monthly mean diurnal cycle difference between simulated and observed soil temperature revealed large midnight biases in the cold season due to small downward longwave radiation and issues related to model parameters.

Xia, Youlong; Ek, Michael; Sheffield, Justin; Livneh, Ben; Huang, Maoyi; Wei, Helin; Song, Feng; Luo, Lifeng; Meng, Jesse; Wood, Eric

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

394

ARM - Measurement - Sea surface temperature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsSea surface temperature govMeasurementsSea surface temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Sea surface temperature The temperature of sea water near the surface. Categories Surface Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. External Instruments ECMWF : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Model Data Field Campaign Instruments ECMWF : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Model Data MIRAI : JAMSTEC Research Vessel Mirai

395

Philosophy 26 High Temperature Superconductivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the ratio of voltage to current. The resistance of a material tells us how a low resistance, and they are therefore good conductors; other materials, likePhilosophy 26 High Temperature Superconductivity By Ohm's Law, resistance

Callender, Craig

396

temperature heat pumps applied to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Very high- temperature heat pumps applied to energy efficiency in industry Application June 21th 2012 Energy efficiency : A contribution to environmental protection Kyoto Copenhage Emission, plastics Partnership : EDF R&D Bil

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

397

Thermal Dosimetry and Temperature Measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Saptem ber 15 and 16, 1978, San Diego, Calif. 2 The abbreviations used are: RF, radiofrequency; LED, light-emitting diode. gross temperature measurement errors when the probes are used to monitor tissue or phantom material in an electromag...

D. A. Christensen

1979-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

temperatures | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

temperatures temperatures Home Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 18 January, 2013 - 15:46 U.S. Global Change Research Program publishes "National Climate Assessment" report for United States climate change drought OpenEI sea level rise temperatures U.S. Global Climate Change program The U.S. Global Change Research Program, established under the Department of Commerce in 2010, and partnered with NOAA, released an extensive National Climate Assessment report, projecting future climate changes in the United States under different scenarios. The 1,200 page report highlights some rather grim findings about the future of climate change. Here are 5 of the more disconcerting graphics from the report: 1. U.S. Average Temperatures Syndicate content

399

Fuel Temperature Coefficient of Reactivity  

SciTech Connect

A method for measuring the fuel temperature coefficient of reactivity in a heterogeneous nuclear reactor is presented. The method, which is used during normal operation, requires that calibrated control rods be oscillated in a special way at a high reactor power level. The value of the fuel temperature coefficient of reactivity is found from the measured flux responses to these oscillations. Application of the method in a Savannah River reactor charged with natural uranium is discussed.

Loewe, W.E.

2001-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

400

Curie temperature of multiphase nanostructures  

SciTech Connect

The Curie temperature and the local spontaneous magnetization of ferromagnetic nanocomposites are investigated. The macroscopic character of the critical fluctuations responsible for the onset of ferromagnetic order means that there is only one Curie temperature, independent of the number of magnetic phases present. The Curie temperature increases with the grain size and is, in general, larger than predicted from the volume averages of the exchange constants. However, the Curie-temperature enhancement is accompanied by a relative reduction of the spontaneous magnetization. Due to the quadratic dependence of the permanent-magnet energy product on the spontaneous magnetization, this amounts to a deterioration of the magnets performance. The length scale on which an effective intergranular exchange coupling is realized (coupling length) depends on the Curie-temperature difference between the phases and on the spacial distribution of the local interatomic exchange. As a rule, it is of the order of a few interatomic distances; for much bigger grain sizes the structures mimic an interaction-free ensemble of different ferromagnetic materials. This must be compared to the magnetic-anisotropy coupling length, which is of the order of 10 nm. The difference is explained by the nonrelativistic character of the Curie-temperature problem. (c) 2000 American Institute of Physics.

Skomski, R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Materials Research and Analysis, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Materials Research and Analysis, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588 (United States); Sellmyer, D. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Materials Research and Analysis, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Materials Research and Analysis, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588 (United States)

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Extremely Low Temperature | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Extremely Low Temperature Extremely Low Temperature Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Sanyal Temperature Classification: Extremely Low Temperature Dictionary.png Extremely Low Temperature: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Sanyal Temp Classification This temperature scheme was developed by Sanyal in 2005 at the request of DOE and GEA, as reported in Classification of Geothermal Systems: A Possible Scheme. Extremely Low Temperature Very Low Temperature Low Temperature Moderate Temperature High Temperature Ultra High Temperature Steam Field Reservoir fluid less than 100°C is considered to to be "extremely low temperature." Note: Sanyal classified fluids of these temperatures to be "non-electrical grade" in 2005, but electricity has since been generated from these

402

High temperature thermometric phosphors for use in a temperature sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature phosphor consists essentially of a material having the general formula LuPO.sub.4 :Dy.sub.(x),Eu.sub.(y), wherein: 0.1 wt %.ltoreq.x.ltoreq.20 wt % and 0.1 wt %.ltoreq.y.ltoreq.20 wt %. The high temperature phosphor is in contact with an article whose temperature is to be determined. The article having the phosphor in contact with it is placed in the environment for which the temperature of the article is to be determined. The phosphor is excited by a laser causing the phosphor to fluoresce. The emission from the phosphor is optically focused into a beam-splitting mirror which separates the emission into two separate emissions, the emission caused by the dysprosium dopant and the emission caused by the europium dopent. The separated emissions are optically filtered and the intensities of the emission are detected and measured. The ratio of the intensity of each emission is determined and the temperature of the article is calculated from the ratio of the intensities of the separate emissions.

Allison, Stephen W. (Knoxville, TN); Cates, Michael R. (Oak Ridge, TN); Boatner, Lynn A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Gillies, George T. (Earlysville, VA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Apparatus and method for high temperature viscosity and temperature measurements  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A probe for measuring the viscosity and/or temperature of high temperature liquids, such as molten metals, glass and similar materials comprises a rod which is an acoustical waveguide through which a transducer emits an ultrasonic signal through one end of the probe, and which is reflected from (a) a notch or slit or an interface between two materials of the probe and (b) from the other end of the probe which is in contact with the hot liquid or hot melt, and is detected by the same transducer at the signal emission end. To avoid the harmful effects of introducing a thermally conductive heat sink into the melt, the probe is made of relatively thermally insulative (non-heat-conductive) refractory material. The time between signal emission and reflection, and the amplitude of reflections, are compared against calibration curves to obtain temperature and viscosity values.

Balasubramaniam, Krishnan (Mississippi State, MS); Shah, Vimal (Houston, TX); Costley, R. Daniel (Mississippi State, MS); Singh, Jagdish P. (Mississippi State, MS)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Ultra High Temperature | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ultra High Temperature Ultra High Temperature Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Sanyal Temperature Classification: Ultra High Temperature Dictionary.png Ultra High Temperature: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Sanyal Temp Classification This temperature scheme was developed by Sanyal in 2005 at the request of DOE and GEA, as reported in Classification of Geothermal Systems: A Possible Scheme. Extremely Low Temperature Very Low Temperature Low Temperature Moderate Temperature High Temperature Ultra High Temperature Steam Field Reservoir fluid greater than 300°C is considered by Sanyal to be "ultra high temperature". "Such reservoirs are characterized by rapid development of steam saturation in the reservoir and steam fraction in the mobile fluid phase upon

405

Very Low Temperature | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Very Low Temperature Very Low Temperature Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Sanyal Temperature Classification: Very Low Temperature Dictionary.png Very Low Temperature: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Sanyal Temp Classification This temperature scheme was developed by Sanyal in 2005 at the request of DOE and GEA, as reported in Classification of Geothermal Systems: A Possible Scheme. Extremely Low Temperature Very Low Temperature Low Temperature Moderate Temperature High Temperature Ultra High Temperature Steam Field Reservoir fluid between 100°C and 150°C is considered by Sanyal to be "very low temperature." "The mobile fluid phase in these reservoirs is liquid water. Very few power projects have been developed in the U.S. based on geothermal resources in

406

Long-Term Instrumental and Reconstructed Temperature Records Contradict Anthropogenic Global Warming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Monthly instrumental temperature records from 5 stations in the northern hemisphere are analyzed, each of which is local and over 200 years in length, as well as two reconstructed long-range yearly records - from a stalagmite and from tree rings that are about 2000 years long. In the instrumental records, the steepest 100-year temperature fall happened in the 19th century and the steepest rise in the 20th century, both events being of about the same magnitude. Evaluation by the detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) yields Hurst exponents that are in good agreement with the literature. DFA, Monte Carlo simulations, and synthetic records reveal that both 100-year events were caused by external trends. In contrast to this, the reconstructed records show stronger 100-year rises and falls as quite common during the last 2000 years. These results contradict the hypothesis of an unusual (anthropogenic) global warming during the 20th century. As a hypothesis, the sun's magnetic field, which is correlated with sunspot numbers, is put forward as an explanation. The long-term low-frequency fluctuations in sunspot numbers are not detectable by the DFA in the monthly instrumental records, resulting in the common low Hurst exponents. The same does not hold true for the 2000-year-long reconstructed records, which explains both their higher Hurst exponents and the higher probabilities of strong 100-year temperature fluctuations. A long-term synthetic record that embodies the reconstructed sunspot number fluctuations includes the different Hurst exponents of both the instrumental and the reconstructed records and, therefore, corroborates the conjecture.

Horst-Joachim Ldecke

2011-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

407

Joint Institute for High Temperatures  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Joint Institute for High Temperatures of Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology Extended title Extended title Excited state of warm dense matter or Exotic state of warm dense matter or Novel form of warm dense matter or New form of plasma Three sources of generation similarity: solid state density, two temperatures: electron temperature about tens eV, cold ions keep original crystallographic positions, but electron band structure and phonon dispersion are changed, transient but steady (quasi-stationary for a short time) state of non-equilibrium, uniform plasmas (no reference to non-ideality, both strongly and weakly coupled plasmas can be formed) spectral line spectra are emitted by ion cores embedded in plasma environment which influences the spectra strongly,

408

Integrated Emissivity And Temperature Measurement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multi-channel spectrometer and a light source are used to measure both the emitted and the reflected light from a surface which is at an elevated temperature relative to its environment. In a first method, the temperature of the surface and emissivity in each wavelength is calculated from a knowledge of the spectrum and the measurement of the incident and reflected light. In the second method, the reflected light is measured from a reference surface having a known reflectivity and the same geometry as the surface of interest and the emitted and the reflected light are measured for the surface of interest. These measurements permit the computation of the emissivity in each channel of the spectrometer and the temperature of the surface of interest.

Poulsen, Peter (Livermore, CA)

2005-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

409

December 26, 2005 11:22 Proceedings Trim Size: 9in x 6in WS5 CONFORMAL ANOMALIES VIA CANONICAL TRACES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

December 26, 2005 11:22 Proceedings Trim Size: 9in x 6in WS5 CONFORMAL ANOMALIES VIA CANONICAL. Primary 58J40; Secondary 53B20, 58J28, 58J52. 1 #12; December 26, 2005 11:22 Proceedings Trim Size: 9in x is conformally covariant of bidegree (a; b) 2 R 2 #12; December 26, 2005 11:22 Proceedings Trim Si

Sart, Remi

410

High Temperature Optical Gas Sensing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optical Gas Sensing Optical Gas Sensing Opportunity Research is active on optical sensors integrated with advanced sensing materials for high temperature embedded gas sensing applications. Patent applications have been filed for two inventions in this area and several other methods are currently under development. These technologies are available for licensing and/or further collaborative research from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). Organizations or individuals with capabilities in optical sensor packaging for harsh environment and high temperature applications are encouraged to contact NETL to explore potential collaborative opportunities. Overview Contact NETL Technology Transfer Group techtransfer@netl.doe.gov

411

High temperature superconductor current leads  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrical lead is disclosed having one end for connection to an apparatus in a cryogenic environment and the other end for connection to an apparatus outside the cryogenic environment. The electrical lead includes a high temperature superconductor wire and an electrically conductive material distributed therein, where the conductive material is present at the one end of the lead at a concentration in the range of from 0 to about 3% by volume, and at the other end of the lead at a concentration of less than about 20% by volume. Various embodiments are shown for groups of high temperature superconductor wires and sheaths. 9 figs.

Hull, J.R.; Poeppel, R.B.

1995-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

412

Temperature fluctuations in the intergalactic medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Papers Temperature fluctuations...Zaroubi 2 Tae-Sun Kim 3 Panayiotis...Germany The temperature of the low-density...scales, the gas distribution is similar to...scarce, then the temperature distribution could become......

Tom Theuns; Saleem Zaroubi; Tae-Sun Kim; Panayiotis Tzanavaris; Robert F. Carswell

2002-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

413

3, 771789, 2007 temperatures and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cooling and the onset of North American glaciation P. Huybers1 and P. Molnar2 1 Department of Earth that gradual cooling in the eastern tropical Pacific led to cooling of North America and the initiation affects North American temperature and ice-ablation. Assuming that the modern relationship holds5 over

Boyer, Edmond

414

Temperature controlled high voltage regulator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A temperature controlled high voltage regulator for automatically adjusting the high voltage applied to a radiation detector is described. The regulator is a solid state device that is independent of the attached radiation detector, enabling the regulator to be used by various models of radiation detectors, such as gas flow proportional radiation detectors.

Chiaro, Jr., Peter J. (Clinton, TN); Schulze, Gerald K. (Knoxville, TN)

2004-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

415

High temperature lightweight foamed cements  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Cement slurries are disclosed which are suitable for use in geothermal wells since they can withstand high temperatures and high pressures. The formulation consists of cement, silica flour, water, a retarder, a foaming agent, a foam stabilizer, and a reinforcing agent. A process for producing these cements is also disclosed. 3 figs.

Sugama, Toshifumi.

1989-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

416

High temperature turbine engine structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature turbine engine includes a rotor portion having axially stacked adjacent ceramic rotor parts. A ceramic/ceramic joint structure transmits torque between the rotor parts while maintaining coaxial alignment and axially spaced mutually parallel relation thereof despite thermal and centrifugal cycling.

Boyd, Gary L. (Tempe, AZ)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature...

418

Litchfield Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Litchfield Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

419

Acid Doped Membranes for High Temperature PEMFC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation on Acid Doped Membranes for High Temperature PEMFC to the High Temperature Membrane Working Group, May 25, 2004 in Philadelphia, PA.

420

Novel room temperature ferromagnetic semiconductors  

SciTech Connect

Today's information world, bits of data are processed by semiconductor chips, and stored in the magnetic disk drives. But tomorrow's information technology may see magnetism (spin) and semiconductivity (charge) combined in one 'spintronic' device that exploits both charge and 'spin' to carry data (the best of two worlds). Spintronic devices such as spin valve transistors, spin light emitting diodes, non-volatile memory, logic devices, optical isolators and ultra-fast optical switches are some of the areas of interest for introducing the ferromagnetic properties at room temperature in a semiconductor to make it multifunctional. The potential advantages of such spintronic devices will be higher speed, greater efficiency, and better stability at a reduced power consumption. This Thesis contains two main topics: In-depth understanding of magnetism in Mn doped ZnO, and our search and identification of at least six new above room temperature ferromagnetic semiconductors. Both complex doped ZnO based new materials, as well as a number of nonoxides like phosphides, and sulfides suitably doped with Mn or Cu are shown to give rise to ferromagnetism above room temperature. Some of the highlights of this work are discovery of room temperature ferromagnetism in: (1) ZnO:Mn (paper in Nature Materials, Oct issue, 2003); (2) ZnO doped with Cu (containing no magnetic elements in it); (3) GaP doped with Cu (again containing no magnetic elements in it); (4) Enhancement of Magnetization by Cu co-doping in ZnO:Mn; (5) CdS doped with Mn, and a few others not reported in this thesis. We discuss in detail the first observation of ferromagnetism above room temperature in the form of powder, bulk pellets, in 2-3 mu-m thick transparent pulsed laser deposited films of the Mn (<4 at. percent) doped ZnO. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) spectra recorded from 2 to 200nm areas showed homogeneous distribution of Mn substituting for Zn a 2+ state in the ZnO lattice. Ferromagnetic Resonance (FMR) technique is used to confirm the existence of ferromagnetic ordering at temperatures as high as 425K. The ab initio calculations were found to be consistent with the observation of ferromagnetism arising from fully polarized Mn 2+ state. The key to observed room temperature ferromagnetism in this system is the low temperature processing, which prevents formation of clusters, secondary phases and the host ZnO from becoming n-type. The electronic structure of the same Mn doped ZnO thin films studied using XAS, XES and RIXS, revealed a strong hybridization between Mn 3d and O 2p states, which is an important characteristic of a Dilute magnetic Semiconductor (DMS). It is shown that the various processing conditions like sintering temperature, dopant concentration and the properties of precursors used for making of DMS have a great influence on the final properties. Use of various experimental techniques to verify the physical properties, and to understand the mechanism involved to give rise to ferromagnetism is presented. Methods to improve the magnetic moment in Mn doped ZnO are also described. New promising DMS materials (such as Cu doped ZnO are explored). The demonstrated new capability to fabricate powder, pellets, and thin films of room temperature ferromagnetic semiconductors thus makes possible the realization of a wide range of complex elements for a variety of new multifunctional phenomena related to Spintronic devices as well as magneto-optic components.

Gupta, Amita

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Battery system with temperature sensors  

SciTech Connect

A battery system includes a platform having an aperture formed therethrough, a flexible member having a generally planar configuration and extending across the aperture, wherein a portion of the flexible member is coextensive with the aperture, a cell provided adjacent the platform, and a sensor coupled to the flexible member and positioned proximate the cell. The sensor is configured to detect a temperature of the cell.

Wood, Steven J; Trester, Dale B

2014-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

422

High temperature turbine engine structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature ceramic/metallic turbine engine includes a metallic housing which journals a rotor member of the turbine engine. A ceramic disk-like shroud portion of the engine is supported on the metallic housing portion and maintains a close running clearance with the rotor member. A ceramic spacer assembly maintains the close running clearance of the shroud portion and rotor member despite differential thermal movements between the shroud portion and metallic housing portion.

Carruthers, William D. (Mesa, AZ); Boyd, Gary L. (Tempe, AZ)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

High temperature turbine engine structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature ceramic/metallic turbine engine includes a metallic housing which journals a rotor member of the turbine engine. A ceramic disk-like shroud portion of the engine is supported on the metallic housing portion and maintains a close running clearance with the rotor member. A ceramic spacer assembly maintains the close running clearance of the shroud portion and rotor member despite differential thermal movements between the shroud portion and metallic housing portion.

Carruthers, William D. (Mesa, AZ); Boyd, Gary L. (Tempe, AZ)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

High temperature turbine engine structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature ceramic/metallic turbine engine includes a metallic housing which journals a rotor member of the turbine engine. A ceramic disk-like shroud portion of the engine is supported on the metallic housing portion and maintains a close running clearance with the rotor member. A ceramic spacer assembly maintains the close running clearance of the shroud portion and rotor member despite differential thermal movements between the shroud portion and metallic housing portion.

Carruthers, William D. (Mesa, AZ); Boyd, Gary L. (Tempe, AZ)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Variable temperature semiconductor film deposition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of depositing a semiconductor material on a substrate is disclosed. The method sequentially comprises (a) providing the semiconductor material in a depositable state such as a vapor for deposition on the substrate; (b) depositing the semiconductor material on the substrate while heating the substrate to a first temperature sufficient to cause the semiconductor material to form a first film layer having a first grain size; (c) continually depositing the semiconductor material on the substrate while cooling the substrate to a second temperature sufficient to cause the semiconductor material to form a second film layer deposited on the first film layer and having a second grain size smaller than the first grain size; and (d) raising the substrate temperature, while either continuing or not continuing to deposit semiconductor material to form a third film layer, to thereby anneal the film layers into a single layer having favorable efficiency characteristics in photovoltaic applications. A preferred semiconductor material is cadmium telluride deposited on a glass/tin oxide substrate already having thereon a film layer of cadmium sulfide.

Li, X.; Sheldon, P.

1998-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

426

Empirical Models of the Electron Temperature and Density in the Nightside Venus Ionosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...square centimeter per second. Integrated over the planet surface, this heat flux represents one-tenth of the solar wind energy expended in drag on the sunward ionopause hemisphere. 105

L. H. BRACE; R. F. THEIS; H. B. NIEMANN; H. G. MAYR; W. R. HOEGY; A. F. NAGY

1979-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

427

Quantifying Temperature Effects on Fall Chinook Salmon  

SciTech Connect

The motivation for this study was to recommend relationships for use in a model of San Joaquin fall Chinook salmon. This report reviews literature pertaining to relationships between water temperature and fall Chinook salmon. The report is organized into three sections that deal with temperature effects on development and timing of freshwater life stages, temperature effects on incubation survival for eggs and alevin, and temperature effects on juvenile survival. Recommendations are made for modeling temperature influences for all three life stages.

Jager, Yetta [ORNL

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

University of Illinois Temperature Sensors  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes background information and presents results related to temperature measurements in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) National Scientific User Facility (NSUF) University of Illinois Project 29609 irradiation. The objective of this test was to assess the radiation performance of ferritic alloys for advanced reactor applications. The FeCr-based alloy system is considered the lead alloy system for a variety of advanced reactor components and applications. Irradiations of FeCr alloy samples were performed using the Hydraulic Shuttle Irradiation System (HSIS) in the B-7 position and in a static capsule in the A-11 position of the ATR.

K. L. Davis; D. L. Knudson; J. L. Rempe; B. M. Chase

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

An internal winding high temperature heater  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An internal winding high temperature heater ... General principles are outlined for the construction of compact heaters that are suitable for heating small containers or reaction vessels at constant temperature and up to about 1000 C. ...

A. J. Delbouille; E. G. Derouane

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

High Temperature Mechanical Properties as Design Parameters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...corrosion resistance or high proof strength...development of more efficient power plant, process...Figure 2 shows a high temperature bolt...S.O.) of a Boiler Code (I968...power plant for high temperature pipework, boiler headers, valve...

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Thermal Insulation at Very Low Temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

24 September 1942 research-article Thermal Insulation at Very Low Temperatures A. H. Cooke R. A. Hull Various methods of insulation have been investigated at temperatures between and 1 degrees K. A simple suspension of artificial silk fibre...

1942-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Temperature calibration of Gulf of Mexico corals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for measurement of extension, density, and isotopes ([]?O, []C). The coral oxygen isotope signature was calibrated against high-resolution daily temperature and salinity data sets spanning 1990-1997. Coralline estimates of water temperature demonstrate only...

Smith, Jennifer Mae

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

433

Temperature-Dependent Chemical Properties of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Silberstein #12;What is a fuel cell? #12;Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Two phase ionomer (ionic polymer temperatures (thermal history) and relative humidities Temperatures 150o C for 1 hour 100o C, 90o C, 80o C, 70o

Petta, Jason

434

High-temperature thermocouples and related methods  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-temperature thermocouple and methods for fabricating a thermocouple capable of long-term operation in high-temperature, hostile environments without significant signal degradation or shortened thermocouple lifetime due to heat induced brittleness.

Rempe, Joy L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Knudson, Darrell L. (Firth, ID); Condie, Keith G. (Idaho Falls, ID); Wilkins, S. Curt (Idaho Falls, ID)

2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

435

LOW TEMPERATURE CATHODE SUPPORTED ELECTROLYTES  

SciTech Connect

This project has three main goals: Thin Films Studies, Preparation of Graded Porous Substrates and Basic Electrical Characterization and Testing of Planar Single Cells. During this time period substantial progress has been made in developing low temperature deposition techniques to produce dense, nanocrystalline yttrium-stabilized zirconia films on both dense oxide and polymer substrates. Progress has been made in the preparation and characterization of thin electrolytes and porous LSM substrates. Both of these tasks are essentially on or ahead of schedule. In our proposal, we suggested that the ZrO{sub 2}/Sc system needed to be considered as a candidate as a thin electrolyte. This was because microcrystalline ZrO{sub 2}/Sc has a significantly higher ionic conductivity than YSZ, particularly at the lower temperatures. As a result, some 0.5 micron thick film of ZrO{sub 2}/16% Sc on an alumina substrate (grain size 20nm) was prepared and the electrical conductivity measured as a function of temperature and oxygen activity. The Sc doped ZrO{sub 2} certainly has a higher conductivity that either 20nm or 2400nm YSZ, however, electronic conductivity dominates the conductivity for oxygen activities below 10{sup -15}. Whereas for YSZ, electronic conductivity is not a problem until the oxygen activity decreases below 10{sup -25}. These initial results show that the ionic conductivity of 20nm YSZ and 20nm ZrO{sub 2}/16% Sc are essentially the same and the enhanced conductivity which is observed for Sc doping in microcrystalline specimens is not observed for the same composition when it is nanocrystalline. In addition they show that the electronic conductivity of Sc doped ZrO{sub 2} is at least two orders of magnitude higher than that observed for YSZ. The conclusion one reaches is that for 0.5 to 1 micron thick nanocrystalline films, Sc doping of ZrO{sub 2} has no benefits compared to YSZ. As a result, electrolyte films of ZrO{sub 2}/Sc should not be considered as candidates. However, they have the potential of being useful as an interface on the anode side of the electrolyte. NexTech has focused much of its effort during the past few months on establishing tape casting methods for porous LSM substrates. This work, performed under a separate DOE-funded program, involved tape casting formulations comprising LSM powders with bi-modal particle size distributions and fugitive pore forming additives. Sintered LSM substrates with porosities in the 30 to 40 vol% range, and pore sizes of 10 {approx} 20 microns have been prepared. In addition, tape casting formulations involving composite mixtures of LSM and Sm-doped ceria (SDC) have been evaluated. The LSM/SDC cathode substrates are expected to provide better performance at low temperatures. Characterization of these materials is currently underway.

Harlan U. Anderson

2000-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

436

Temperature effects on chemical reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we had to study some characteristics of the chemical reactors from which we can understand the reactor operation in different circumstances; from these and the most important factor that has a great effect on the reactor operation is the temperature it is a mathematical processing of a chemical problem that was already studied but it may be developed by introducing new strategies of control; in our case we deal with the analysis of a liquid?gas reactor which can make the flotation of the benzene to produce the ethylene; this type of reactors can be used in vast domains of the chemical industry especially in refinery plants where we find the oil separation and its extractions whether they are gases or liquids which become necessary for industrial technology especially in our century.

M. Azzouzi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Carbon nanotube temperature and pressure sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention, in one embodiment, provides a method of measuring pressure or temperature using a sensor including a sensor element composed of a plurality of carbon nanotubes. In one example, the resistance of the plurality of carbon nanotubes is measured in response to the application of temperature or pressure. The changes in resistance are then recorded and correlated to temperature or pressure. In one embodiment, the present invention provides for independent measurement of pressure or temperature using the sensors disclosed herein.

Ivanov, Ilia N; Geohegan, David Bruce

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

438

Materials Characterization Capabilities at the High Temperature...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Characterization Capabilities at the High Temperature Materials Laboratory: Focus on Carbon Fiber and Composites Materials Characterization Capabilities at the High...

439

Reciprocity theorem in high-temperature superconductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article is devoted to the problem of the validity of the reciprocity theorem in high-temperature

Ivan Jane?ek

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Scaling in high-temperature superconductors by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Hartree approximation is used to study the interplay of two kinds of scaling which arise in high-temperature

Ian D Lawrie

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Agenda: High Temperature Membrane Working Group Meeting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Agenda for the High Temperature Membrane Working Group (HTMWG) meeting on May 18, 2009, in Arlington, Virginia

442

Determining Outdoor CPV Cell Temperature: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

An accurate method is needed for determining cell temperature when measuring CPV modules outdoors. It has been suggested that cell temperature can be calculated though a procedure that shutters sunlight to the cells while measuring the transients in open-circuit voltage (Voc) and heat sink temperature. This paper documents application of this shutter procedure to multiple CPV modules at NREL. The challenges and limitations are presented along with an alternate approach to measuring CPV cell operating temperature.

Muller, M.; Deline, C.; Marion, B.; Kurtz, S.; Bosco, N.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Levitation Performance of Bulk High Temperature Superconductor Above the Permanent Magnet Guideway atDifferent Temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The levitation performance of a high temperature superconducting (HTS) Maglev system was investigated at different temperatures for HTS Maglev vehicle application. Using a cryogenic measurement system, we stud...

Hua Jing; Suyu Wang; Ming Jiang; Jiasu Wang

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Accurate temperature measurements with a degrading thermocouple  

SciTech Connect

Ways are considered of enhancing the accuracy of thermoelectric measurement of temperature. The high accuracy method proposed for monitoring the temperature of an aggressive medium can determine the temperature, irrespective of the instantaneous values of the Seebeck and Peltier coefficients, i.e., irrespective of the uncontrolled thermocouple sensitivity, which varies during use.

Skripnik, Y.A.; Khimicheva, A.I.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Temperature Measurements at an Implosion Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Temperature Measurements at an Implosion Focus T. Saito I. I. Glass Spectroscopic temperature...temperatures were measured at the implosion focus by using a medium quartz Hilger spectrograph...very close to unity, confirmed that the plasma was a black body. Numerical studies with...

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Optical temperature sensor using thermochromic semiconductors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Optical thermometry is a growing technological field which exploits the ability of certain materials to change their optical properties with temperature. A subclass of such materials are those which change their color as a reversible and reproducible function of temperature. These materials are thermochromic. This invention is a composition to measure temperature utilizing thermochromic semiconductors.

Kronberg, J.W.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Liquid-liquid phase transition model incorporating evidence for ferroelectric state near the lambda-point anomaly in supercooled water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a unified model combining the first-order liquid-liquid and the second-order ferroelectric phase transitions models and explaining various features of the $\\lambda$-point of liquid water within a single theoretical framework. It becomes clear within the proposed model that not only does the long-range dipole-dipole interaction of water molecules yield a large value of dielectric constant $\\epsilon$ at room temperatures, our analysis shows that the large dipole moment of the water molecules also leads to a ferroelectric phase transition at a temperature close to the lambda-point. Our more refined model suggests that the phase transition occurs only in the low density component of the liquid and is the origin of the singularity of the dielectric constant recently observed in experiments with supercooled liquid water at temperature T~233K. This combined model agrees well with nearly every available set of experiments and explains most of the well-known and even recently obtained results of MD simulations.

Peter O. Fedichev; Leonid I. Menshikov

2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

448

Anomalies in Ultra-High-Field Magnetic Superconductors (Eu1-xSnx)Mo6S8  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Resistive behavior of three series of Chevrel phase, (Eu1-xSnx)Mo6S7, (Eu1-xSnx)Mo6S6.75 and (Eu1-xSnx)0.9Mo6S6.75, is studied in magnetic fields up to 90 kOe at temperatures down to 50 mK. Compounds with x>0.4 are usual ultra-high-field superconductors, while (Eu0.9Sn0.1)0.9Mo6S6.75 is a simple magnetic superconductor. Resistive behavior of the compounds between the above mentioned two sides is complicated, varying with the composition. For example, in (Eu0.8Sn0.2)Mo6S7 the resistance at high fields keeps roughly constant and the temperature dependence of Hc2 defined as a half of the resistance in the normal state is quite different with that defined at the appearance of the resistance. In (Eu0.85Sn0.15)Mo6S7 the superconductivity (=zero resistance) seems to reappear at high fields and at low temperatures.

Masahiro Isino; Norio Kobayashi; Yoshio Muto

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Electrochemical investigations of various high-temperature superconductor phases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electrochemical investigations of various high-temperature superconductor phases ... Electrochemistry of High-Temperature Superconductors ...

David R. Riley; A. Manthiram; John T. McDevitt

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Antarctic role in Northern Hemisphere glaciation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Camerlenghi, A., Acton, GD, and Ramsay, ATS (Eds.), Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 178 [Online]. Available from World Wide Web: www-odp.tamu.edu/publications/178_SR/VOLUME/CHAPTERS/SR178_23.PDF 1, (2001). 34 Sigman D. M. Jaccard...

Stella C. Woodard; Yair Rosenthal; Kenneth G. Miller; James D. Wright; Beverly K. Chiu; Kira T. Lawrence

451

Antarctica : A Southern Hemisphere Windpower Station?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The International Polar Year commences in 2007. We offer a macroproject plan to generate a large amount of electricity on the continent of Antarctica by using sail-like wind dams incorporating air turbines. Electricity can be used to make exploration and exploitation efforts on Antarctica easier. We offer the technical specifications for the Fabric Aerial Dam and indicate some of the geographical facts underpinning our macro-engineering proposal.

Bolonkin, A A; Bolonkin, Alexander A.; Cathcart, Richard B.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Communique #37 Springtime (Southern Hemisphere) 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Noakes; Thok Sokhom, Director of International Cooperation & ASEAN, Cambodia Ministry of Tourism; Erika

453

MFR PAPER 1063 Northern Hemisphere fish  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ablc to fccu on planh.ton \\\\oulu bc able to thnlc lll1 the abull- uant h.nll . (2) Adu[lluhilily 10

454

Large New Telescopes for the Southern Hemisphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the German astronomer Karl Schwarzschild, and in 1953 by Walter Baade...which a hyperbolic secondary mirror just in front of the primary...through a hole in the primary mirror; it will also be equipped with mirrors for bringing the light waves...

1964-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

455

Teleconnected influence of North Atlantic sea surface temperature on the El Nin~o onset  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carpenter Asia-Pacific Climate Impact Centre, School of Energy and Environment, City University of Hong Kong the subsequent winter and spring, which produces equatorial westerly wind anomalies in the western Pacific. The equatorial westerly wind anomalies in the winter and spring can help initiate a Pacific El Nin~o event

Wang, Chunzai

456

High Temperature Superconducting Underground Cable  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Project was to design, build, install and demonstrate the technical feasibility of an underground high temperature superconducting (HTS) power cable installed between two utility substations. In the first phase two HTS cables, 320 m and 30 m in length, were constructed using 1st generation BSCCO wire. The two 34.5 kV, 800 Arms, 48 MVA sections were connected together using a superconducting joint in an underground vault. In the second phase the 30 m BSCCO cable was replaced by one constructed with 2nd generation YBCO wire. 2nd generation wire is needed for commercialization because of inherent cost and performance benefits. Primary objectives of the Project were to build and operate an HTS cable system which demonstrates significant progress towards commercial progress and addresses real world utility concerns such as installation, maintenance, reliability and compatibility with the existing grid. Four key technical areas addressed were the HTS cable and terminations (where the cable connects to the grid), cryogenic refrigeration system, underground cable-to-cable joint (needed for replacement of cable sections) and cost-effective 2nd generation HTS wire. This was the worlds first installation and operation of an HTS cable underground, between two utility substations as well as the first to demonstrate a cable-to-cable joint, remote monitoring system and 2nd generation HTS.

Farrell, Roger, A.

2010-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

457

High and Low Temperature Series Estimates for the Critical Temperature of the 3D Ising Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High and Low Temperature Series Estimates for the Critical Temperature of the 3D Ising Model Zaher Abstract We have analysed low and high temperature series expansions for the three­dimensional Ising model temperature of the three­dimensional (3d) Ising model on the simple cubic lattice has been exhaustively

Adler, Joan

458

High temperature solar selective coatings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Improved solar collectors (40) comprising glass tubing (42) attached to bellows (44) by airtight seals (56) enclose solar absorber tubes (50) inside an annular evacuated space (54. The exterior surfaces of the solar absorber tubes (50) are coated with improved solar selective coatings {48} which provide higher absorbance, lower emittance and resistance to atmospheric oxidation at elevated temperatures. The coatings are multilayered structures comprising solar absorbent layers (26) applied to the meta surface of the absorber tubes (50), typically stainless steel, topped with antireflective Savers (28) comprising at least two layers 30, 32) of refractory metal or metalloid oxides (such as titania and silica) with substantially differing indices of refraction in adjacent layers. Optionally, at least one layer of a noble metal such as platinum can be included between some of the layers. The absorbent layers cars include cermet materials comprising particles of metal compounds is a matrix, which can contain oxides of refractory metals or metalloids such as silicon. Reflective layers within the coating layers can comprise refractory metal silicides and related compounds characterized by the formulas TiSi. Ti.sub.3SiC.sub.2, TiAlSi, TiAN and similar compounds for Zr and Hf. The titania can be characterized by the formulas TiO.sub.2, Ti.sub.3O.sub.5. TiOx or TiO.sub.xN.sub.1-x with x 0 to 1. The silica can be at least one of SiO.sub.2, SiO.sub.2x or SiO.sub.2xN.sub.1-x with x=0 to 1.

Kennedy, Cheryl E

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

459

Temperature Dependent Neutron Scattering Sections for Polyethylene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This note presents neutron scattering cross sections for polyethylene at 296 K, 77 K and 4 K derived from a new scattering kernel for neutron scattering off of hydrogen in polyethylene. The kernel was developed in ENDF-6 format as a set of S(alpha,beta) tables using the LEAPR module of the NJOY94 code package. The polyethylene density of states (from 0 to sub eV) adopted to derive the new kernel is presented. We compare our calculated room temperature total scattering cross sections and double differential cross sections at 232 meV at various angles with the available experimental data (at room temperature), and then extrapolate the calculations to lower temperatures (77K and 4K). The new temperature dependent scattering kernel gives a good quantitative fit to the available room temperature data and has a temperature dependence that is qualitatively consistent with thermodynamics.

Roger E. Hill; C. -Y. Liu

2003-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

460

Effects of temperature on laser diode ignition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the effects of temperature on laser diode ignition and the resulting consequences were discussed in detail through theoretical analysis, experiments and numerical calculations. The results indicated that the output power of laser diode decreases and the wavelength of laser redshifts with elevated working temperature under a certain condition. The threshold conditions of ignition for powders are easily satisfied with increase in ambient temperature. While the temperature reaches a high enough level, ignition can occur and also the self-combustion or thermal induced explosion can do, even if laser power is very low. Therefore, it is of great importance to carefully control the working temperature of laser diode and the ambient temperature of powder system, and in the meanwhile, to install necessary insurance apparatus in order to ensure the normal and safe operation of the ignition system.

Shi-Biao Xiang; Xu Xiang; Chang-Gen Feng

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Optical temperature indicator using thermochromic semiconductors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A reversible optical temperature indicator utilizes thermochromic semiconductors which vary in color in response to various temperature levels. The thermochromic material is enclosed in an enamel which provides protection and prevents breakdown at higher temperatures. Cadmium sulfide is the preferred semiconductor material. The indicator may be utilized as a sign or in a striped arrangement to clearly provide a warning to a user. The various color responses provide multiple levels of alarm.

Kronberg, J.W.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Hypersonic and dielectric anomalies of ,,Pb,,Zn1/3Nb2/3...O3...0.905,,PbTiO3...0.095 single crystal Chi-Shun Tu, F.-C. Chao, C.-H. Yeh, and C.-L. Tsai  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hypersonic and dielectric anomalies of ,,Pb,,Zn1/3Nb2/3...O3...0.905,,PbTiO3...0.095 single crystal scattering and dielectric permittivity on PZN-9.5%PT to look for both hypersonic and dielectric anomalies

463

LOW TEMPERATURE CATHODE SUPPORTED ELECTROLYTES  

SciTech Connect

This project has three main goals: Thin Films Studies, Preparation of Graded Porous Substrates and Basic Electrical Characterization and testing of Planar Single Cells. This period has continued to address the problem of making dense 1/2 to 5 {micro}m thick dense layers on porous substrates (the cathode LSM). Our current status is that we are making structures of 2-5 cm{sup 2} in area, which consist of either dense YSZ or CGO infiltrated into a 2-5 {micro}m thick 50% porous layer made of either nanoncrystalline CGO or YSZ powder. This composite structure coats a macroporous cathode or anode; which serves as the structural element of the bi-layer structure. These structures are being tested as SOFC elements. A number of structures have been evaluated both as symmetrical and as button cell configuration. Results of this testing indicates that the cathodes contribute the most to cell losses for temperatures below 750 C. In this investigation different cathode materials were studied using impedance spectroscopy of symmetric cells and IV characteristics of anode supported fuel cells. Cathode materials studied included La{sub 0.8}Sr{sub 0.2}Co{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.8}O{sub 3} (LSCF), La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.2}MnO{sub 3} (LSM), Pr{sub 0.8}Sr{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.8}O{sub 3} (PSCF), Sm{sub 0.8}Sr{sub 0.2}Co{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.8}O{sub 3} (SSCF), and Yb{sub .8}Sr{sub 0.2}Co{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.8}O{sub 3} (SSCF). A new technique for filtering the Fourier transform of impedance data was used to increase the sensitivity of impedance analysis. By creating a filter specifically for impedance spectroscopy the resolution was increased. The filter was tailored to look for specific circuit elements like R//C, Warburg, or constant phase elements. As many as four peaks can be resolved using the filtering technique on symmetric cells. It may be possible to relate the different peaks to material parameters, like the oxygen exchange coefficient. The cathode grouped in order from lowest to highest ASR is LSCF < PSCF < SSCF < YSCF < LSM. The button cell results agree with this ordering indicating that this is an important tool for use in developing our understanding of electrode behavior in fuel cells.

Harlan U. Anderson; Fatih Dogan; Vladimir Petrovsky

2002-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

464

Quick Anomaly Detection by the Newcomb--Benford Law, with Applications to Electoral Processes Data from the USA, Puerto Rico and Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simple and quick general test to screen for numerical anomalies is presented. It can be applied, for example, to electoral processes, both electronic and manual. It uses vote counts in officially published voting units, which are typically widely available and institutionally backed. The test examines the frequencies of digits on voting counts and rests on the First (NBL1) and Second Digit Newcomb--Benford Law (NBL2), and in a novel generalization of the law under restrictions of the maximum number of voters per unit (RNBL2). We apply the test to the 2004 USA presidential elections, the Puerto Rico (1996, 2000 and 2004) governor elections, the 2004 Venezuelan presidential recall referendum (RRP) and the previous 2000 Venezuelan Presidential election. The NBL2 is compellingly rejected only in the Venezuelan referendum and only for electronic voting units. Our original suggestion on the RRP (Pericchi and Torres, 2004) was criticized by The Carter Center report (2005). Acknowledging this, Mebane (2006) and The...

Pericchi, Luis; 10.1214/09-STS296

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Degree-scale anomalies in the CMB: Localizing the first peak dip to a small patch of the north ecliptic sky  

SciTech Connect

Noticeable deviations from the prediction of the fiducial lambda cold dark matter cosmology are found in the angular power spectrum of the cosmic microwave background. Besides large-angle anomalies, the WMAP first year data revealed a dip in the power spectrum at l{approx}200, which seemed to disappear in the third year and subsequent angular power spectra. Using the WMAP single first, third, and fifth year data as well as the total 5 yr coadded data, we study the intensity and spatial distribution of this feature in order to unveil its origin and its implications for the cosmological parameters. We show that in the 5 yr coadded WMAP data release there is a suppression of the first Doppler peak in a region near the north ecliptic pole at a significance level between 99% and 96% depending on the weighting scheme that is considered.

Yoho, Amanda [CERCA, Department of Physics, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-7079 (United States); Ferrer, Francesc [Physics Department and McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130 (United States); Starkman, Glenn D. [CERCA/ISO, Department of Physics, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-7079 (United States)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

466

Cascade events at IceCube + DeepCore as a definitive constraint on the dark matter interpretation of the PAMELA and Fermi anomalies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dark matter decaying or annihilating into ?+?- or ?+?- has been proposed as an explanation for the e anomalies reported by PAMELA and Fermi. Recent analyses show that IceCube, supplemented by DeepCore, will be able to significantly constrain the parameter space of decays to ?+?-, and rule out decays to ?+?- and annihilations to ?+?- in less than five years of running. These analyses rely on measuring tracklike events in IceCube + DeepCore from down-going ??. In this paper we show that by instead measuring cascade events, which are induced by all neutrino flavors, IceCube + DeepCore can rule out decays to ?+?- in only three years of running, and rule out decays to ?+?- and annihilation to ?+?- in only one year of running. These constraints are highly robust to the choice of dark matter halo profile and independent of dark matter-nucleon crosssection.

Sourav K. Mandal; Matthew R. Buckley; Katherine Freese; Douglas Spolyar; Hitoshi Murayama

2010-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

467

Variable Temperature UHV STM/AFM | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of oxide materials, determining their properties is widely pursued both... Surface Chemistry of 2-Propanol on TiO2(110): Low and High Temperature Dehydration, Isotope...

468

Membranes and MEAs at Freezing Temperatures  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation by Phil Ross to DOE's Fuel Cell Operations at Sub-Freezing Temperatures Workshop held February 1-5, 2005 in Phoenix, Arizona.

469

Low Temperature Catalyst for Fuel Injection System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A low temperature oxidation catalyst applied to a DOC and DPF combined with a unique fuel injection system remove soot from a diesel exhaust system.

470

High Temperature 300C Directional Drilling System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Project objective: provide a directional drilling system that can be used at environmental temperatures of up to 300C; and at depths of 10; 000 meters.

471

Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Temperatures and intervalgeothermal...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Temperatures and interval geothermal-gradient determinations from wells in National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map |...

472

Low temperature proton conducting oxide devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device for conducting protons at a temperature below 550.degree. C. includes a LAMOX ceramic body characterized by an alpha crystalline structure.

Armstrong, Timothy R. (Clinton, TN); Payzant, Edward A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Speakman, Scott A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Greenblatt, Martha (Highland Park, NJ)

2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

473

SWTDI Geothermal Aquaculture Facility Aquaculture Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

poi":true,"imageoverlays":,"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations": The following error has been detected in your syntax: * Display map Temperature 57.0 C 135.0...

474

Jackpot Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

poi":true,"imageoverlays":,"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations": The following error has been detected in your syntax: * Display map Temperature 36.0 C 97.0...

475

Low-Temperature Automotive Diesel Combustion  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

reaction 12 The CO LIF results are semi-quantitative - lending credence to the measured spatial distributions We apply temperature and pressure corrections to the CO absorption...

476

Nanostructured High Temperature Bulk Thermoelectric Energy Conversion...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Efficient Automotive Waste Heat Recovery Multi-physics modeling of thermoelectric generators for waste heat recovery applications Nanostructured High-Temperature Bulk...

477

High Temperature Thermoelectric Materials Characterization for...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

2009 -- Washington D.C. lmp06wang.pdf More Documents & Publications High-Temperature Thermoelectric Materials Characterization for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery: Success...

478

Electron Temperature Structures Associated With Magnetic Tearing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

flattening is characteristic of rapid parallel heat conduction along helical magnetic field lines. The spatial structure of the temperature fluctuations show that the location of...

479

High temperature, optically transparent plastics from biomass  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

temperature, optically transparent plastics from biomass At a Glance Rapid, selective catalytic system to produce vinyl plastics from renewable biomass Stereoregular...

480

Materials Characterization Capabilities at the High Temperature...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Laboratory and HTML User Program Success Stories Materials Characterization Capabilities at the High Temperature Materials Laboratory: Focus on Carbon Fiber and Composites...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hemispheric temperature anomalies" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Group 3: Humidity, Temperature, and Voltage (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Group 3 is chartered to develop accelerated stress tests that can be used as comparative predictors of module lifetime versus stresses associated with humidity, temperature and voltage.

Wohlgemuth, J.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Low Temperature Performance Characterization & Modeling | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C. esp04jansen.pdf More Documents & Publications Low Temperature Performance Characterization...

483

Low Temperature Performance Characterization | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"Mega" Merit Review 2008 on February 25, 2008 in Bethesda, Maryland. merit08jansen2.pdf More Documents & Publications Low Temperature Performance Characterization &...

484

Low Temperature/Coproduced/Geopressured Subprogram Overview  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This overview of GTP's Low Temperature/Coproduced/Geopressured subprogram was given at GTP's Program Peer Review on May 18, 2010.

485

Magnetism in SQUIDs at Millikelvin Temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have characterized the temperature dependence of the flux threading dc SQUIDs cooled to millikelvin temperatures. The flux increases as 1/T as temperature is lowered; moreover, the flux change is proportional to the density of trapped vortices. The data are compatible with the thermal polarization of surface spins in the trapped fields of the vortices. In the absence of trapped flux, we observe evidence of spin-glass freezing at low temperature. These results suggest an explanation for the universal 1/f flux noise in SQUIDs and superconducting qubits.

S. Sendelbach; D. Hover; A. Kittel; M. Mck; John M. Martinis; R. McDermott

2008-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

486

High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) - PSD Directorate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

filler A National Resource for Collaborative Materials Research The High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) User Program is on hiatus due to federal budget reductions....

487

Geothermal Energy Production from Low Temperature Resources,...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Energy Production from Low Temperature Resources, Coproduced Fluids from Oil and Gas Wells, and Geopressured Resources Jump to: navigation, search Geothermal ARRA Funded...

488

Comparing Wind, Temperature, Pressure, and Humidity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the higher the amount of energy in the air. Temperature is measured using a thermometer with units in degrees Celsius or Fahrenheit. See http:www.teachervision.com...

489

Temperature Normals/Extremes-August - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-August Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

490

Temperature Normals/Extremes-October - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-October Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

491

Temperature Normals/Extremes-April - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-April Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

492

Temperature Normals/Extremes-July - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-July Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

493

Temperature Normals/Extremes-May - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-May Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

494

Temperature Normals/Extremes-December - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-December Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

495

Temperature Normals/Extremes-March - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-March Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

496

Temperature Normals/Extremes-September - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-September Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

497

Temperature Normals/Extremes-November - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-November Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

498

Temperature Normals/Extremes-June - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-June Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

499

Temperature Normals/Extremes-February - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-February Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

500

Temperature Normals/Extremes-January - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-January Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...