National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for heit city gate

  1. Optimierung eines hydro-thermischen Kraftwerks-systems unter Ungewi heit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Römisch, Werner

    Optimierung eines hydro-thermischen Kraftwerks- systems unter Ungewi heit Dr. rer. nat. N. Growe Arbeit beschreiben wir ein stochastisches Modell fur den ko- stenoptimalen Einsatz eines hydro ein, entwickeln ein Losungsverfahren und validieren dies am Beispiel des hydro

  2. Retrofit of Tehran City Gate Station C.G.S. No. 2 by Using Turboexpander 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seresht, R. T.; Ja, H. K.

    2010-01-01

    air components. 6. Liquefaction gases (like Helium). 7. Separating condensable components of natural gas. 8. Power generation from geothermal energy. Retrofit of Tehran City Gate Station C.G.S. No.2 by Using Turboexpander Yasun Farayand Company...

  3. The civic forum in ancient Israel : the form, function, and symbolism of city gates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frese, Daniel Allan

    2012-01-01

    from the massive amounts of wood ash and burnt ceiling beamsand the presence of wood ash in some gate passages,

  4. Gate Access

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you not find whatGasEnergyfeatureCleanperformanceCareersGate Access Gate

  5. GaTe semiconductor for radiation detection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA); Burger, Arnold (Nashville, TN); Mandal, Krishna C. (Ashland, MA)

    2009-06-23

    GaTe semiconductor is used as a room-temperature radiation detector. GaTe has useful properties for radiation detectors: ideal bandgap, favorable mobilities, low melting point (no evaporation), non-hygroscopic nature, and availability of high-purity starting materials. The detector can be used, e.g., for detection of illicit nuclear weapons and radiological dispersed devices at ports of entry, in cities, and off shore and for determination of medical isotopes present in a patient.

  6. Range gated imaging experiments using gated intensifiers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDonald, T.E. Jr.; Yates, G.J.; Cverna, F.H.; Gallegos, R.A.; Jaramillo, S.A.; Numkena, D.M.; Payton, J.; Pena-Abeyta, C.R.

    1999-03-01

    A variety of range gated imaging experiments using high-speed gated/shuttered proximity focused microchannel plate image intensifiers (MCPII) are reported. Range gated imaging experiments were conducted in water for detection of submerged mines in controlled turbidity tank test and in sea water for the Naval Coastal Sea Command/US Marine Corps. Field experiments have been conducted consisting of kilometer range imaging of resolution targets and military vehicles in atmosphere at Eglin Air Force Base for the US Air Force, and similar imaging experiments, but in smoke environment, at Redstone Arsenal for the US Army Aviation and Missile Command (AMCOM). Wavelength of the illuminating laser was 532 nm with pulse width ranging from 6 to 12 ns and comparable gate widths. These tests have shown depth resolution in the tens of centimeters range from time phasing reflected LADAR images with MCPII shutter opening.

  7. BEST CITIES

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    003034MLTPL00 Benchmarking and Energy Saving Tool for Low Carbon Cities (BEST Cities)  http://china.lbl.gov/tools-guidebooks/best-cities 

  8. Optical XOR gate

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vawter, G. Allen

    2013-11-12

    An optical XOR gate is formed as a photonic integrated circuit (PIC) from two sets of optical waveguide devices on a substrate, with each set of the optical waveguide devices including an electroabsorption modulator electrically connected in series with a waveguide photodetector. The optical XOR gate utilizes two digital optical inputs to generate an XOR function digital optical output. The optical XOR gate can be formed from III-V compound semiconductor layers which are epitaxially deposited on a III-V compound semiconductor substrate, and operates at a wavelength in the range of 0.8-2.0 .mu.m.

  9. Representative Control Gates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoads, James

    Representative Staffing & Management Reviews & Control Gates The NASA Program/Project Life Cycle Concept C Concept/Design Evaluation Criteria ° Feasibility Assessment ° Life Cycle Cost Estimates ° Trade Requirements Establish Optimum System Design Analyze Mission Requirements Establish Optimum Architecture

  10. Advanced insulated gate bipolar transistor gate drive

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Short, James Evans (Monongahela, PA); West, Shawn Michael (West Mifflin, PA); Fabean, Robert J. (Donora, PA)

    2009-08-04

    A gate drive for an insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) includes a control and protection module coupled to a collector terminal of the IGBT, an optical communications module coupled to the control and protection module, a power supply module coupled to the control and protection module and an output power stage module with inputs coupled to the power supply module and the control and protection module, and outputs coupled to a gate terminal and an emitter terminal of the IGBT. The optical communications module is configured to send control signals to the control and protection module. The power supply module is configured to distribute inputted power to the control and protection module. The control and protection module outputs on/off, soft turn-off and/or soft turn-on signals to the output power stage module, which, in turn, supplies a current based on the signal(s) from the control and protection module for charging or discharging an input capacitance of the IGBT.

  11. Compact modeling of Double-Gate MOSFETs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Huaxin

    2006-01-01

    Architecture with High-k Gate Dielectrics, Metal Gates and Strain Engineering," in Symposium on VLSI Technology

  12. Tensile city

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakkour, Mario Henri

    1987-01-01

    Tensile City is a story that provides the answer to the following question: II If we were to leap forward in time and visit a city of the future, what would learn about our contemporary city ? II The story unfolds when ...

  13. Clean Cities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Clean Cities works to reduce U.S. reliance on petroleum in transportation by establishing local coalitions of public- and private-sector stakeholders across the country.

  14. Gate complexity using Dynamic Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivas Sridharan; Mile Gu; Matthew R. James

    2008-07-03

    The relationship between efficient quantum gate synthesis and control theory has been a topic of interest in the quantum control literature. Motivated by this work, we describe in the present article how the dynamic programming technique from optimal control may be used for the optimal synthesis of quantum circuits. We demonstrate simulation results on an example system on SU(2), to obtain plots related to the gate complexity and sample paths for different logic gates.

  15. David Gates home page

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent Bonding Low-Cost2 DOE HQSiteoC. DoranDatabaseDepartment ofGates

  16. Penn State DOE GATE Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anstrom, Joel

    2012-08-31

    The Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Program at The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) was established in October 1998 pursuant to an award from the U.S. Department of Energy (U.S. DOE). The focus area of the Penn State GATE Program is advanced energy storage systems for electric and hybrid vehicles.

  17. Scenes of Sun City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knecht, Brian

    2013-01-01

    City, AZ, August 29th, 2010. Brian Knecht Photo 4: Sun City4, Sun City, AZ, August 29th, 2010.Scenes of Sun Valley Photo 5: Sun City 5, Sun City, AZ,

  18. SF Gate Home Today's News

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savrasov, Sergej Y.

    SF Gate Home Today's News Sports Entertainment Technology Live Views Traffic Weather Health Clues to Behavior of Plutonium / Research may help safety of storing ... 9/5/2003file://E:\\Homepages\\SavrasovHome

  19. Clean Cities: Utah Clean Cities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D BGene NetworkNuclearDNP 2008 1BrowseCities to theUtah Clean Cities

  20. Clean Cities: Ann Arbor Clean Cities coalition

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Clean Cities Coalition in April 2015. She served as Clean Cities intern for both the Detroit and Ann Arbor Clean Cities Coalitions from the fall 2013 through the winter 2015 and...

  1. Clean Cities: Sacramento Clean Cities coalition

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sacramento Clean Cities Coalition The Sacramento Clean Cities coalition works with vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community leaders, and other stakeholders to reduce petroleum use...

  2. Clean Cities: Los Angeles Clean Cities coalition

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    took on the role of Clean Cities Coordinator. His major job duties focus on mobile source air pollution reduction programs. He has managed the City's Interdepartmental Alternative...

  3. Clean Cities: Southern Colorado Clean Cities coalition

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Colorado Clean Cities coalition Contact Information Kyle Lisek 303-847-0271 klisek@lungs.org Coalition Website Clean Cities Coordinator Kyle Lisek Kyle Lisek is coordinator of...

  4. Clean Cities: Denver Metro Clean Cities coalition

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Metro Clean Cities coalition Contact Information Tyler Svitak 303-847-0281 tsvitak@lungs.org Coalition Website Clean Cities Coordinator Tyler Svitak Photo of Tyler Svitak...

  5. Trapped ion scaling with pulsed fast gates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. D. B. Bentley; A. R. R. Carvalho; J. J. Hope

    2015-07-10

    Fast entangling gates for trapped ions offer vastly improved gate operation times relative to implemented gates, as well as approaches to trap scaling. Gates on neighbouring ions only involve local ions when performed sufficiently fast, and we find that even a fast gate between distant ions with few degrees of freedom restores all the motional modes given more stringent gate speed conditions. We compare pulsed fast gate schemes, defined by a timescale faster than the trap period, and find that our proposed scheme has less stringent requirements on laser repetition rate for achieving arbitrary gate time targets and infidelities well below $10^{-4}$. By extending gate schemes to ion crystals, we explore the effect of ion number on gate fidelity for coupling neighbouring pairs of ions in large crystals. Inter-ion distance determines the gate time, and a factor of five increase in repetition rate, or correspondingly the laser power, reduces the infidelity by almost two orders of magnitude. We also apply our fast gate scheme to entangle the first and last ions in a crystal. As the number of ions in the crystal increases, significant increases in the laser power are required to provide the short gate times corresponding to fidelity above 0.99.

  6. Clean Cities: Massachusetts Clean Cities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D BGene NetworkNuclearDNP 2008 1BrowseCities to the

  7. Planning a cost-effective gate rehab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudolph, R.M.; Gundry, J.A. [American Society of Civil Engineers, Nashville, TN (United States)

    1996-04-01

    Hydropower project owners are devoting increasing attention to the condition and safety of spillway gates and related equipment. With careful inspection and planning, owners can develop a rehabilitation program that improves gate performance and minimizes cost. The July 1995 failure of a spillway gate at Folsom Dam has spurred increased attention on inspection and rehabilitation of gates. This article explains an approach taken by Northern States Power Company in rehabilitating aged gates at its Wisota Dam project. An update on measures being taken in response to the Folsom Dam incident is also included.

  8. Chihuahua City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    IBM, through its Smarter Cities program, working with the Building Performance Lab of the City University of New York (BPL-CUNY) and New York City (NYC) government, has developed an energy dashboard drawing upon the city’s database of information...

  9. Clean Cities: Denver Metro Clean Cities coalition

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Metro Clean Cities coalition Contact Information Tyler Svitak 303-847-0281 tsvitak@lungs.org Janna West-Heiss 303-847-0276 jwheiss@lungs.org Coalition Website Clean Cities...

  10. Clean Cities: Wisconsin Clean Cities coalition

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    as co-director for South Shore Clean Cities of Northern Indiana from 2005-2011. Her dedication to the Clean Cities' mission extends north to Wisconsin where she has served as...

  11. 2 CITY COUNCIL CITY OF NEW YORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    1 2 CITY COUNCIL 3 CITY OF NEW YORK 4 -------------------------------x 5 THE TRANSCRIPT 21, 2004 Start: 10:19 a.m. 11 Recess: 1:41 p.m. 12 City Hall 250 Broadway, 16th Floor 13 New York, New York 14 B E F O R E: 15 JAMES GENNARO 16 Chairperson, 17 COUNCIL MEMBERS: Margarita Lopez 18 Bill

  12. City Knowledge Patterns: A Standard for Smart City Knowledge Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Mark S.

    City Knowledge Patterns: A Standard for Smart City Knowledge Management by Nooshin Allahyari Allahyar #12;! ! ! ! ii! ! City Knowledge Patterns: A Standard for Smart City Knowledge Management Nooshin......................................................................................................... 21 ! 3 City Knowledge Pattern

  13. UNDERSTANDING NEW YORK CITY'S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smerdon, Jason E.

    UNDERSTANDING NEW YORK CITY'S FOOD SUPPLY PREPARED FOR NEW YORK CITY MAYOR'S OFFICE OF LONG and Public Affairs CLIENT New York City (NYC) Mayor's Office of Long-Term Planning and Sustainability-92 TABLE OF CONTENTS 3 #12;The complex, interconnected system that supplies food to New York City is

  14. Stage-Gate Innovation Management Guidelines

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    It is critical, therefore, that there is an effective pathway for innovative technology and new technical information to reach the end-user. The Stage-Gate Innovation...

  15. Towards Magneto-Logic Gates in Graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wen, Hua

    2014-01-01

    using graphene based spintronic logic gates. Proc. SPIE,applications using spintronic devices for logic operationa leading candidate for spintronic applications due to its

  16. Bielectron vortices in gated graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. A. Downing; M. E. Portnoi

    2015-06-14

    We study the formation of bound two-particle states in gapless monolayer graphene in gated structures. We find that, even in the regime of massless Dirac fermions, coupling can occur at zero-energy for different or same charge quasiparticles. These bipartite states must have a non-zero internal angular momentum, meaning that they only exist as stationary vortices. We propose a new picture of the experimentally seen Fermi velocity renormalization as a manifestation of these pairs, suggest the possibility of a condensate of these novel quasiparticles.

  17. Gate Solar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy ElectricalsFTL SolarGate Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name:

  18. 2 CITY COUNCIL CITY OF NEW YORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    1 2 CITY COUNCIL 3 CITY OF NEW YORK 4 -------------------------------x 5 THE TRANSCRIPT 8, 2002 Start: 10:27 a.m. 11 Recess: 2:56 p.m. 12 City Hall Council Chambers 13 New York, New York 25 New York, New York 10004 (800) 756-3410 #12;2 1 2 A P P E A R A N C E S 3 Christopher O. Ward 4

  19. Clean Cities: North Dakota Clean Cities coalition

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Clean Cities. Moffitt is the communications director for the Clean Fuel & Vehicle Technology program of the American Lung Association of the Upper Midwest. He joined the...

  20. Clean Cities: North Dakota Clean Cities coalition

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Search Coalitions Search for another coalition North Dakota Clean Cities coalition Statistics Population: 640,385 Area: 67,611 sq. mi. Boundaries: All counties in North Dakota...

  1. Transparently wrap-gated semiconductor nanowire arrays for studies of gate-controlled photoluminescence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nylund, Gustav; Storm, Kristian; Torstensson, Henrik; Wallentin, Jesper; Borgström, Magnus T.; Hessman, Dan; Samuelson, Lars

    2013-12-04

    We present a technique to measure gate-controlled photoluminescence (PL) on arrays of semiconductor nanowire (NW) capacitors using a transparent film of Indium-Tin-Oxide (ITO) wrapping around the nanowires as the gate electrode. By tuning the wrap-gate voltage, it is possible to increase the PL peak intensity of an array of undoped InP NWs by more than an order of magnitude. The fine structure of the PL spectrum reveals three subpeaks whose relative peak intensities change with gate voltage. We interpret this as gate-controlled state-filling of luminescing quantum dot segments formed by zincblende stacking faults in the mainly wurtzite NW crystal structure.

  2. Asynchronous Balanced Gates Tolerant to Interconnect Variability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karpovsky, Mark

    values and transitions to ensure that it does not produce a data-dependent power signature which can switching at the output of the gate. However, in the existing designs the data-independent power consumption and the unavoidable variation due to manufacture. We present gate designs which have data-independent power

  3. High Performance Electrolyte Gated Carbon Nanotube Transistors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gore, Jeff

    High Performance Electrolyte Gated Carbon Nanotube Transistors Sami Rosenblatt, Yuval Yaish, Jiwoong Park,, Jeff Gore, Vera Sazonova, and Paul L. McEuen*, Laboratory of Atomic and Solid State Physics to grow the tubes, annealing to improve the contacts, and an electrolyte as a gate, we obtain very high

  4. Retaining latch for a water pit gate

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Beale, A.R.

    1997-11-18

    A retaining latch is described for use in a hazardous materials storage or handling facility to adjustably retain a water pit gate in a gate frame. A retaining latch is provided comprising a latch plate which is rotatably mounted to each end of the top of the gate and a recessed opening, formed in the gate frame, for engaging an edge of the latch plate. The latch plate is circular in profile with one side cut away or flat, such that the latch plate is D-shaped. The remaining circular edge of the latch plate comprises steps of successively reduced thickness. The stepped edge of the latch plate fits inside a recessed opening formed in the gate frame. As the latch plate is rotated, alternate steps of the latch plate are engaged by the recessed opening. When the latch plate is rotated such that the flat portion of the latch plate faces the recessed opening in the gate frame, there is no connection between the opening and the latch plate and the gate is unlatched from the gate frame. 4 figs.

  5. Unbalanced edge modes and topological phase transition in gated...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Unbalanced edge modes and topological phase transition in gated trilayer graphene Prev Next Title: Unbalanced edge modes and topological phase transition in gated trilayer...

  6. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Gate Driver Optimizatio...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Gate Driver Optimization for WBG Applications Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Gate Driver Optimization for WBG Applications Presentation given by Oak Ridge National...

  7. PENN STATE DOE GRADUATE AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION (GATE...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    PENN STATE DOE GRADUATE AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION (GATE) PROGRAM FOR PENN STATE DOE GRADUATE AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION (GATE) PROGRAM FOR 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and...

  8. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign's GATE Center for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Champaign's GATE Center for Advanced Automotive Bio-Fuel Combustion Engines University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign's GATE Center for Advanced Automotive Bio-Fuel Combustion...

  9. Gate-tunable exchange coupling between cobalt clusters on graphene...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Accepted Manuscript: Gate-tunable exchange coupling between cobalt clusters on graphene Title: Gate-tunable exchange coupling between cobalt clusters on graphene Authors:...

  10. PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution (SRNS) MedGate Occupational...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    MedGate Occupational Health and Safety Medical System (OHS) (Includes the Drug and Alcohol Testing System (Assistant)) PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution (SRNS) MedGate...

  11. Gating of Permanent Molds for ALuminum Casting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Schwam; John F. Wallace; Tom Engle; Qingming Chang

    2004-03-30

    This report summarizes a two-year project, DE-FC07-01ID13983 that concerns the gating of aluminum castings in permanent molds. The main goal of the project is to improve the quality of aluminum castings produced in permanent molds. The approach taken was determine how the vertical type gating systems used for permanent mold castings can be designed to fill the mold cavity with a minimum of damage to the quality of the resulting casting. It is evident that somewhat different systems are preferred for different shapes and sizes of aluminum castings. The main problems caused by improper gating are entrained aluminum oxide films and entrapped gas. The project highlights the characteristic features of gating systems used in permanent mold aluminum foundries and recommends gating procedures designed to avoid common defects. The study also provides direct evidence on the filling pattern and heat flow behavior in permanent mold castings.

  12. Ancilla-Assisted Discrimination of Quantum Gates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jianxin Chen; Mingsheng Ying

    2008-09-02

    The intrinsic idea of superdense coding is to find as many gates as possible such that they can be perfectly discriminated. In this paper, we consider a new scheme of discrimination of quantum gates, called ancilla-assisted discrimination, in which a set of quantum gates on a $d-$dimensional system are perfectly discriminated with assistance from an $r-$dimensional ancilla system. The main contribution of the present paper is two-fold: (1) The number of quantum gates that can be discriminated in this scheme is evaluated. We prove that any $rd+1$ quantum gates cannot be perfectly discriminated with assistance from the ancilla, and there exist $rd$ quantum gates which can be perfectly discriminated with assistance from the ancilla. (2) The dimensionality of the minimal ancilla system is estimated. We prove that there exists a constant positive number $c$ such that for any $k\\leq cr$ quantum gates, if they are $d$-assisted discriminable, then they are also $r$-assisted discriminable, and there are $c^{\\prime}r\\textrm{}(c^{\\prime}>c)$ different quantum gates which can be discriminated with a $d-$dimensional ancilla, but they cannot be discriminated if the ancilla is reduced to an $r-$dimensional system. Thus, the order $O(r)$ of the number of quantum gates that can be discriminated with assistance from an $r-$dimensional ancilla is optimal. The results reported in this paper represent a preliminary step toward understanding the role ancilla system plays in discrimination of quantum gates as well as the power and limit of superdense coding.

  13. New York City's Informal Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sassen, Saskia

    1988-01-01

    Economic Conditions in New York City July-December 1981. NewUnderground Economy. New York City Department of Finance. (Industrial Homeworkers in New York City." Albany: Division

  14. Parking, People, and Cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manville, Michael; Shoup, Donald

    2006-01-01

    R. ?1998?. “The downtown parking syndrome: Does curing the?1966?. Transportation and parking for to- morrow’s cities;C. ?1940?. “Off-street parking: A city planning problem. ”

  15. Global Cool Cities Alliance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy (DOE) is currently supporting the Global Cool Cities Alliance (GCCA), a non-profit organization that works with cities, regions, and national governments to speed the...

  16. Bioenergy & Clean Cities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE's Bioenergy Technologies Office and the Clean Cities program regularly conduct a joint Web conference for state energy office representatives and Clean Cities coordinators. The Web conferences...

  17. What is Clean Cities?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2008-09-01

    Fact sheet describes the Clean Cities program and includes the contact information for its 86 active coalitions.

  18. What Is Clean Cities?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2008-04-01

    Fact sheet describes the Clean Cities program and includes the contact information for its 86 active coalitions.

  19. Arthur Heights Baldwin City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hesston Hiattville Hickok Highland Park Hilford Hill City Hilldale Hilldale South Hoag Hog Back Hoge Industry Ingalls Inman Iola Jarbalo Jefferson Junction City Kanorado Kansas City Kansas Falls Kanwaka Keats Mertz Michigan Valley Middletown Midian Midland Park Midway Milford Millerton Milton Mineral Springs

  20. Range gating experiments through a scattering media

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Payton, J.; Cverna, F.; Gallegos, R.; McDonald, T.; Numkena, D.; Obst, A.; Pena-Abeyta, C.; Yates, G.

    1998-12-31

    This paper discusses range-gated imaging experiments performed recently at Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama. Range gating is an imaging technique that uses a pulsed laser and gated camera to image objects at specific ranges. The technique can be used for imaging through scattering media such as dense smoke or fog. Range gating uses the fact that light travels at 3 x 10{sup 8} m/s. Knowing the speed of light the authors can calculate the time it will take the laser light to travel a known distance, then gate open a Micro Channel Plate Image Intensifier (MCPII) at the time the reflected light returns from the target. In the Redstone experiment the gate width on the MCPII was set to equal the laser pulse width ({approximately} 8 ns) for the highest signal to noise ratio. The gate allows the light reflected form the target and a small portion of the light reflected from the smoke in the vicinity of the target to be imaged. They obtained good results in light and medium smoke but the laser they were used did not have sufficient intensity to penetrate the thickest smoke. They did not diverge the laser beam to cover the entire target in order to maintain a high flux that would achieve better penetration through the smoke. They were able to image an Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) through light and medium smoke but they were not able to image the APC through heavy smoke. The experiment and results are presented.

  1. Clean Cities: Long Beach Clean Cities coalition

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    15 years. Tedtaotao was appointed co-coordinator of Long Beach Clean Cities in January, 2014. LA County Public Works 2275 Alcazar St Los Angeles, CA 90033 Search Coalitions Search...

  2. Clean Cities: Honolulu Clean Cities coalition

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    County; City of Honolulu Designated: August 29, 1995 Alternative Fueling Stations: Biodiesel (B20 and above): 3 Natural Gas: 1 Ethanol (E85): 3 Electric: 250 Hydrogen: 2 Propane:...

  3. Analog Noise Reduction in Enzymatic Logic Gates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dmitriy Melnikov; Guinevere Strack; Marcos Pita; Vladimir Privman; Evgeny Katz

    2009-05-17

    In this work we demonstrate both experimentally and theoretically that the analog noise generation by a single enzymatic logic gate can be dramatically reduced to yield gate operation with virtually no input noise amplification. This is achieved by exploiting the enzyme's specificity when using a co-substrate that has a much lower affinity than the primary substrate. Under these conditions, we obtain a negligible increase in the noise output from the logic gate as compared to the input noise level. Experimental realizations of the AND logic gate with the enzyme horseradish peroxidase using hydrogen peroxide and two different co-substrates, 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) and ferrocyanide, with vastly different rate constants confirmed our general theoretical conclusions.

  4. High level compilation for gate reconfigurable architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babb, Jonathan William

    2001-01-01

    A continuing exponential increase in the number of programmable elements is turning management of gate-reconfigurable architectures as "glue logic" into an intractable problem; it is past time to raise this abstraction ...

  5. Digital gate pulse generator for cycloconverter control

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Klein, Frederick F. (Monroeville, PA); Mutone, Gioacchino A. (Pleasant Hills, PA)

    1989-01-01

    The present invention provides a digital gate pulse generator which controls the output of a cycloconverter used for electrical power conversion applications by determining the timing and delivery of the firing pulses to the switching devices in the cycloconverter. Previous gate pulse generators have been built with largely analog or discrete digital circuitry which require many precision components and periodic adjustment. The gate pulse generator of the present invention utilizes digital techniques and a predetermined series of values to develop the necessary timing signals for firing the switching device. Each timing signal is compared with a reference signal to determine the exact firing time. The present invention is significantly more compact than previous gate pulse generators, responds quickly to changes in the output demand and requires only one precision component and no adjustments.

  6. Gate fidelity fluctuations and quantum process invariants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Magesan, Easwar; Emerson, Joseph [Institute for Quantum Computing and Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); Blume-Kohout, Robin [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

    2011-07-15

    We characterize the quantum gate fidelity in a state-independent manner by giving an explicit expression for its variance. The method we provide can be extended to calculate all higher order moments of the gate fidelity. Using these results, we obtain a simple expression for the variance of a single-qubit system and deduce the asymptotic behavior for large-dimensional quantum systems. Applications of these results to quantum chaos and randomized benchmarking are discussed.

  7. Range gated strip proximity sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

    1996-01-01

    A range gated strip proximity sensor uses one set of sensor electronics and a distributed antenna or strip which extends along the perimeter to be sensed. A micro-power RF transmitter is coupled to the first end of the strip and transmits a sequence of RF pulses on the strip to produce a sensor field along the strip. A receiver is coupled to the second end of the strip, and generates a field reference signal in response to the sequence of pulse on the line combined with received electromagnetic energy from reflections in the field. The sensor signals comprise pulses of radio frequency signals having a duration of less than 10 nanoseconds, and a pulse repetition rate on the order of 1 to 10 MegaHertz or less. The duration of the radio frequency pulses is adjusted to control the range of the sensor. An RF detector feeds a filter capacitor in response to received pulses on the strip line to produce a field reference signal representing the average amplitude of the received pulses. When a received pulse is mixed with a received echo, the mixing causes a fluctuation in the amplitude of the field reference signal, providing a range-limited Doppler type signature of a field disturbance.

  8. Range gated strip proximity sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McEwan, T.E.

    1996-12-03

    A range gated strip proximity sensor uses one set of sensor electronics and a distributed antenna or strip which extends along the perimeter to be sensed. A micro-power RF transmitter is coupled to the first end of the strip and transmits a sequence of RF pulses on the strip to produce a sensor field along the strip. A receiver is coupled to the second end of the strip, and generates a field reference signal in response to the sequence of pulse on the line combined with received electromagnetic energy from reflections in the field. The sensor signals comprise pulses of radio frequency signals having a duration of less than 10 nanoseconds, and a pulse repetition rate on the order of 1 to 10 MegaHertz or less. The duration of the radio frequency pulses is adjusted to control the range of the sensor. An RF detector feeds a filter capacitor in response to received pulses on the strip line to produce a field reference signal representing the average amplitude of the received pulses. When a received pulse is mixed with a received echo, the mixing causes a fluctuation in the amplitude of the field reference signal, providing a range-limited Doppler type signature of a field disturbance. 6 figs.

  9. Clean Cities & Transportation Tools

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation, presented on July 28, 2010, was on the DOE Clean Cities program to promote the use of alternative fuels and reduce petroleum consumption.

  10. Gate dielectric development for flexible electronics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joshi, P. C.; Voutsas, A. T.; Hartzell, J. W. [LCD Process Technology Laboratories, SHARP Laboratories of America, Inc., 5700 NW Pacific Rim Blvd., Camas, Washington 98607 (United States)

    2007-07-15

    Thin film transistors integrated on flexible substrates are becoming increasingly attractive for low cost displays, sensors, and rf communication applications. The successful development of the flexible devices will be dictated by the enhancement in the thermal stability of the substrates and the low temperature (<300 deg. C) processing of the gate dielectric. The plasma-enhanced chemical-vapor deposition (PECVD) technique has successfully met the demands of the gate dielectric for display devices at processing temperatures lower than 600 deg. C. However, a further reduction in the processing temperatures below 300 deg. C is essential to realize low cost, highly functional devices on flexible substrates. The low temperature processing of gate dielectric films necessitates the development of processes and techniques with plasma controlled reaction kinetics dominating the thin film growth rather than the thermal state of the substrate. In the present work, the authors report on the processing of high quality gate dielectric films by high density PECVD technique at process temperatures lower than 300 deg. C. The bulk and interfacial electrical quality and reliability of the metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitors as a function of process temperature are discussed in this article. A comparison with the high temperature gate oxide films deposited by PECVD technique employing capacitively coupled plasma source has been made to establish the film quality and reliability. The films processed at low temperatures have shown good electrical performance and reliability as evaluated in terms of the leakage current, flatband voltage, midgap interface trap concentration, and bias temperature stress reliability characteristics.

  11. Cities and Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The information and communications revolution has spawned the idea of the "smart city," which places the relevant technologies at the heart of systems that collect and respond to information: smart power grids, smartCities and Sustainable Development By: Jeffrey D. Sachs NOV 25, 2013 NEW YORK ­ Tacloban

  12. Poughkeepsie . New York City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lance, Veronica P.

    1 Albany . Poughkeepsie . New York City A Day in the Life of the Hudson River (Snapshot Day) Date will be like year's or will it be different? Why? #12;2 Poughkeepsie . Albany . New York City A Day in the Life

  13. City of Phoenix- Design Standards for City Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The City of Phoenix has had energy standards for public buildings in place since 2005. In June 2005, the Phoenix City Council adopted a policy requiring all new city buildings built with 2006 bond...

  14. Great cities look small

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sim, Aaron; Barahona, Mauricio; Stumpf, Michael P H

    2015-01-01

    Great cities connect people; failed cities isolate people. Despite the fundamental importance of physical, face-to-face social-ties in the functioning of cities, these connectivity networks are not explicitly observed in their entirety. Attempts at estimating them often rely on unrealistic over-simplifications such as the assumption of spatial homogeneity. Here we propose a mathematical model of human interactions in terms of a local strategy of maximising the number of beneficial connections attainable under the constraint of limited individual travelling-time budgets. By incorporating census and openly-available online multi-modal transport data, we are able to characterise the connectivity of geometrically and topologically complex cities. Beyond providing a candidate measure of greatness, this model allows one to quantify and assess the impact of transport developments, population growth, and other infrastructure and demographic changes on a city. Supported by validations of GDP and HIV infection rates ac...

  15. Clean Cities: Alamo Area Clean Cities (San Antonio) coalition

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Alamo Area Clean Cities (San Antonio) Coalition The Alamo Area Clean Cities (San Antonio) coalition works with vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community leaders, and other...

  16. Clean Cities: Connecticut Southwestern Area Clean Cities coalition

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Connecticut Southwestern Area Clean Cities Coalition The Connecticut Southwestern Area Clean Cities coalition works with vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community leaders, and...

  17. Clean Cities: Capitol Clean Cities of Connecticut coalition

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Capitol Clean Cities of Connecticut Coalition The Capitol Clean Cities of Connecticut coalition works with vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community leaders, and other stakeholders...

  18. Census Snapshot: New York City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romero, Adam P.; Gates, Gary J

    2008-01-01

    NEW YORK CITY Adam P. Romero, Public Policy Fellow Gary J.raising children in New York City. At the borough/countysame-sex couples in New York City are, in many ways, similar

  19. Gates, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy ResourcesMaui Area (DOEMaui AreaGastonGatesGates,

  20. Characterization and production metrology of thin transistor gate oxide lms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garfunkel, Eric

    Review Characterization and production metrology of thin transistor gate oxide ®lms Alain C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 4. XRR and NR characterization of thin oxide ®lms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 5.2. Optical models of thin gate ®lms

  1. Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print The oxide gate layer is critical to every transistor, and present-day layer thicknesses are in the 10-20 range (1-2...

  2. Compact modeling of quantum effects in double gate MOSFETs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wei

    2007-01-01

    However, ultrathin gate oxide will lead to high gate leakagethe high enough oxide barrier confinement leads to zero waveoxide becomes significant. The random dopant fluctuation effects increase with shrinking device size and leads

  3. Electroluminescence in ion gel gated organic polymer semiconductor transistors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhat, Shrivalli

    2011-07-12

    This thesis reports the light emission in ion gel gated, thin film organic semiconductor transistors and investigates the light emission mechanism behind these devices. We report that ion gel gated organic polymer semiconductor transistors emit...

  4. On the Query Complexity of Perfect Gate Discrimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro

    On the Query Complexity of Perfect Gate Discrimination Giulio Chiribella1 , Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano2 both deterministic strategies. For unambiguous gate discrimination, where errors are not tolerated that there is no difference between perfect probabilistic and perfect determin- istic gate discrimination. Hence, evaluating

  5. Tamper Resilient Circuits: The Adversary at the Gates Aggelos Kiayias

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Tamper Resilient Circuits: The Adversary at the Gates Aggelos Kiayias Yiannis Tselekounis Abstract We initiate the investigation of gate-tampering attacks against cryptographic circuits. Our model is motivated by the plausibility of tampering directly with circuit gates and by the increasing use of tamper

  6. Cavity-QED-based quantum phase gate 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zubairy, M. Suhail; Kim, M.; Scully, Marlan O.

    2003-01-01

    appropriately detuned from the other mode of the cavit photon each in the two modes and the atom is initially gate in such a system and discuss potential applications DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.68.033820 PAC I. INTRODUCTION Quantum computing @1# employs...

  7. Yuanmingyuan East Gate of Peking University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gu, Jin

    and New Energy Technology 32 Institute of Education Schools & Departments A Foreign Student AffairsRoad) MingdeRoad (XinminRoad) (XuetangRoad) (Zhishan Road) (Tsinghua Road) (XichunRoad) Car Zhaolanyuan Shopping Area West Gate New Qinghuaxuetang #12;

  8. Between house and city

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kallus, Rachel Admati

    1982-01-01

    In an attempt to understand the relationships between a residential building type and the city, this thesis explores the quality of the urban context resulting from the assemblage of these buildings. The investigation takes ...

  9. Light in the city

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasan, Kavita, 1976-

    2002-01-01

    This thesis focuses on enhancing the awareness of light for the pedestrian,and using light as a way of revealing the structure of the city and its relation to the cosmos. It proposes that aesthetic qualities of light inform ...

  10. Clean Cities: Coalition Contacts

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Ficicchia Empire Clean Cities Northeast 212-839-7728 Christina Ficicchia See Bio 55 Water St, 9th Fl New York, NY 10041 Website New York David Keefe Genesee Region Clean...

  11. THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK THE CITY UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weigang

    THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK AGREEMENT between THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK entered into this 11 th day of May 2006 by and between THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK (hereinafter community of interest within The City University of New York ("CUNY") and that such community of interest

  12. THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK THE CITY UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weigang

    THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK AGREEMENT between THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK of June 2002 by and between THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK (hereinafter referred to as "CUNY The City University of New York ("CUNY") and that such community of interest includes Instructional Staff

  13. What is Clean Cities? (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-03-01

    Fact sheet describes the Clean Cities program and includes the contact information for its 87 coalitions.

  14. Clean Cities: Clean Cities-Georgia

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D BGene NetworkNuclearDNP 2008 1BrowseCities to the eighthClean

  15. Method for voltage-gated protein fractionation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hatch, Anson (Tracy, CA); Singh, Anup K. (Danville, CA)

    2012-04-24

    We report unique findings on the voltage dependence of protein exclusion from the pores of nanoporous polymer exclusion membranes. The pores are small enough that proteins are excluded from passage with low applied electric fields, but increasing the field enables proteins to pass through. The requisite field necessary for a change in exclusion is protein-specific with a correlation to protein size. The field-dependence of exclusion is important to consider for preconcentration applications. The ability to selectively gate proteins at exclusion membranes is also a promising means for manipulating and characterizing proteins. We show that field-gated exclusion can be used to selectively remove proteins from a mixture, or to selectively trap protein at one exclusion membrane in a series.

  16. Cluster computing software for GATE simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beenhouwer, Jan de; Staelens, Steven; Kruecker, Dirk; Ferrer, Ludovic; D'Asseler, Yves; Lemahieu, Ignace; Rannou, Fernando R.

    2007-06-15

    Geometry and tracking (GEANT4) is a Monte Carlo package designed for high energy physics experiments. It is used as the basis layer for Monte Carlo simulations of nuclear medicine acquisition systems in GEANT4 Application for Tomographic Emission (GATE). GATE allows the user to realistically model experiments using accurate physics models and time synchronization for detector movement through a script language contained in a macro file. The downside of this high accuracy is long computation time. This paper describes a platform independent computing approach for running GATE simulations on a cluster of computers in order to reduce the overall simulation time. Our software automatically creates fully resolved, nonparametrized macros accompanied with an on-the-fly generated cluster specific submit file used to launch the simulations. The scalability of GATE simulations on a cluster is investigated for two imaging modalities, positron emission tomography (PET) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Due to a higher sensitivity, PET simulations are characterized by relatively high data output rates that create rather large output files. SPECT simulations, on the other hand, have lower data output rates but require a long collimator setup time. Both of these characteristics hamper scalability as a function of the number of CPUs. The scalability of PET simulations is improved here by the development of a fast output merger. The scalability of SPECT simulations is improved by greatly reducing the collimator setup time. Accordingly, these two new developments result in higher scalability for both PET and SPECT simulations and reduce the computation time to more practical values.

  17. Transport quantum logic gates for trapped ions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Leibfried; E. Knill; C. Ospelkaus; D. J. Wineland

    2007-08-28

    Many efforts are currently underway to build a device capable of large scale quantum information processing (QIP). Whereas QIP has been demonstrated for a few qubits in several systems, many technical difficulties must be overcome in order to construct a large-scale device. In one proposal for large-scale QIP, trapped ions are manipulated by precisely controlled light pulses and moved through and stored in multizone trap arrays. The technical overhead necessary to precisely control both the ion geometrical configurations and the laser interactions is demanding. Here we propose methods that significantly reduce the overhead on laser beam control for performing single and multiple qubit operations on trapped ions. We show how a universal set of operations can be implemented by controlled transport of ions through stationary laser beams. At the same time, each laser beam can be used to perform many operations in parallel, potentially reducing the total laser power necessary to carry out QIP tasks. The overall setup necessary for implementing transport gates is simpler than for gates executed on stationary ions. We also suggest a transport-based two-qubit gate scheme utilizing microfabricated permanent magnets that can be executed without laser light.

  18. City of Asheville- Efficiency Standards for City Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In April 2007, the Asheville City Council adopted carbon emission reduction goals and set LEED standards for new city buildings. The council committed to reducing carbon emissions by 2% per year...

  19. PRIVACY, CITIES AND FINANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    , Government and Academia April 1, 2015 LOW MEMORIAL LIBRARY, ROTUNDA COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY #12;#Data Science Institute, we have the honor of welcoming you today to our 2015 Symposium, Privacy, Cities and Finance in the Digital Age. The Data Science Institute is led by the Engineering School and involves

  20. Clean Cities Tools

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-12-19

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities offers a large collection of Web-based tools on the Alternative Fuels Data Center. These calculators, interactive maps, and data searches can assist fleets, fuels providers, and other transportation decision makers in their efforts to reduce petroleum use.

  1. What Is Clean Cities? Clean Cities, November 2009 (Revised) (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2009-11-01

    Fact sheet describes the Clean Cities program and includes the contact information for its 86 active coalitions.

  2. What is Clean Cities? Clean Cities, March 2010 (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-03-01

    Fact sheet describes the Clean Cities program and includes the contact information for its 86 active coalitions.

  3. Cities Leading through Energy Analysis and Planning

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Cities Leading through Energy Analysis and Planning (Cities-LEAP) project delivers standardized, localized energy data and analysis that enables cities to lead clean energy innovation and...

  4. The civic forum in ancient Israel : the form, function, and symbolism of city gates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frese, Daniel Allan

    2012-01-01

    and M. Shaer. London: Equinox, 2007. Daviau, P. M. MichèleText, and Science. London: Equinox, 2005. Levy, T. E. , M.Levy and T. Higham. London: Equinox, 2005. Levy, T. E. , M.

  5. The civic forum in ancient Israel : the form, function, and symbolism of city gates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frese, Daniel Allan

    2012-01-01

    Technology of a Sustainable Architecture. Basel: Birkhäuser,Technology of a Sustainable Architecture (Basel: Birkhäuser,

  6. PENN STATE DOE GRADUATE AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION (GATE...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of GATE fellows * Partners - none Milestones Goals and Objectives * Provide graduate curriculum focused on high-power in- vehicle energy storage for hybrid electric and fuel cell...

  7. Optical Determination of Gate--Tunable Bandgap in Bilayer Graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yuanbo

    2010-01-01

    Tunable Bandgap in Bilayer Graphene Yuanbo Zhang* 1 , Tsung-gate-tunable bandgap in graphene bilayers with magnitude asbands. In two- dimensional graphene bilayers this bandgap

  8. Fast gates for ion traps by splitting laser pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. D. B. Bentley; A. R. R. Carvalho; D. Kielpinski; J. J. Hope

    2013-04-09

    We present a fast phase gate scheme that is experimentally achievable and has an operation time more than two orders of magnitude faster than current experimental schemes for low numbers of pulses. The gate time improves with the number of pulses following an inverse power law. Unlike implemented schemes which excite precise motional sidebands, thus limiting the gate timescale, our scheme excites multiple motional states using discrete ultra-fast pulses. We use beam-splitters to divide pulses into smaller components to overcome limitations due to the finite laser pulse repetition rate. This provides gate times faster than proposed theoretical schemes when we optimise a practical setup.

  9. Gating-by-tilt of mechanosensitive membrane channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthew S. Turner; Pierre Sens

    2003-11-25

    We propose an alternative mechanism for the gating of biological membrane channels in response to membrane tension that involves a change in the slope of the membrane near the channel. Under biological membrane tensions we show that the energy difference between the closed (tilted) and open (untilted) states can far exceed kBT and is comparable to what is available under simple ilational gating. Recent experiments demonstrate that membrane leaflet asymmetries (spontaneous curvature) can strong effect the gating of some channels. Such a phenomenon would be more easy to explain under gating-by-tilt, given its novel intrinsic sensitivity to such asymmetry.

  10. The Difficulty of Gate Control in Molecular Transistors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Hou; J. H. Wei

    2011-09-27

    The electrostatic gating effects on molecular transistors are investigated using the density functional theory (DFT) combined with the nonequilibrium Green's function (NEGF) method. When molecular energy levels are away from the Fermi energy they can be linearly shifted by the gate voltage, which is consistent with recent experimental observations [Nature 462, 1039 (2009)]. However, when they move near to the Fermi energy (turn-on process), the shifts become extremely small and almost independent of the gate voltage. The fact that the conductance may be beyond the gate control in the "ON" state will challenge the implementation of molecular transistors.

  11. Penn State DOE Graduate Automotive Technology Education (Gate...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Penn State DOE Graduate Automotive Technology Education (Gate) Program for In-Vehicle, High-Power Energy Storage Systems Penn State DOE Graduate Automotive Technology Education...

  12. PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution (SRNS) MedGate Occupational...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    PIA - Savannah River Nuclear Solution (SRNS) MedGate Occupational Health and Safety Medical System (OHS) (Includes the Drug and Alcohol Testing System (Assistant)) PIA - Savannah...

  13. EA-1137: Nonnuclear Consolidation Weapons Production Support Project for the Kansas City Plant, Kansas City, Missouri

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nonnuclear Consolidation Weapons Production Support Project for the Kansas City Plant, Kansas City, Missouri

  14. Speed control system for an access gate

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bzorgi, Fariborz M. (Knoxville, TN)

    2012-03-20

    An access control apparatus for an access gate. The access gate typically has a rotator that is configured to rotate around a rotator axis at a first variable speed in a forward direction. The access control apparatus may include a transmission that typically has an input element that is operatively connected to the rotator. The input element is generally configured to rotate at an input speed that is proportional to the first variable speed. The transmission typically also has an output element that has an output speed that is higher than the input speed. The input element and the output element may rotate around a common transmission axis. A retardation mechanism may be employed. The retardation mechanism is typically configured to rotate around a retardation mechanism axis. Generally the retardation mechanism is operatively connected to the output element of the transmission and is configured to retard motion of the access gate in the forward direction when the first variable speed is above a control-limit speed. In many embodiments the transmission axis and the retardation mechanism axis are substantially co-axial. Some embodiments include a freewheel/catch mechanism that has an input connection that is operatively connected to the rotator. The input connection may be configured to engage an output connection when the rotator is rotated at the first variable speed in a forward direction and configured for substantially unrestricted rotation when the rotator is rotated in a reverse direction opposite the forward direction. The input element of the transmission is typically operatively connected to the output connection of the freewheel/catch mechanism.

  15. Optimizing local protocols implementing nonlocal quantum gates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott M. Cohen

    2010-02-02

    We present a method of optimizing recently designed protocols for implementing an arbitrary nonlocal unitary gate acting on a bipartite system. These protocols use only local operations and classical communication with the assistance of entanglement, and are deterministic while also being "one-shot", in that they use only one copy of an entangled resource state. The optimization is in the sense of minimizing the amount of entanglement used, and it is often the case that less entanglement is needed than with an alternative protocol using two-way teleportation.

  16. City of Phoenix- Renewable Energy Goal

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2008, the Phoenix City Council approved a renewable energy goal for the city. The city aims for 15% of the electricity used by the city to come from renewable energy sources by 2025. This goal...

  17. Poly-Si?â??xGex Film Growth for Ni Germanosilicided Metal Gate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Hongpeng

    Scaling down of the CMOS technology requires thinner gate dielectric to maintain high performance. However, due to the depletion of poly-Si gate, it is difficult to reduce the gate thickness further especially for sub-65 ...

  18. Modeling gated neutron images of THD capsules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, Douglas Carl; Grim, Gary P; Tregillis, Ian L; Wilke, Mark D; Morgan, George L; Loomis, Eric N; Wilde, Carl H; Oertel, John A; Fatherley, Valerie E; Clark, David D; Schmitt, Mark J; Merrill, Frank E; Wang, Tai - Sen F; Danly, Christopher R; Batha, Steven H; Patel, M; Sepke, S; Hatarik, R; Fittinghoff, D; Bower, D; Marinak, M; Munro, D; Moran, M; Hilko, R; Frank, M; Buckles, R

    2010-01-01

    Time gating a neutron detector 28m from a NIF implosion can produce images at different energies. The brighter image near 14 MeV reflects the size and symmetry of the capsule 'hot spot'. Scattered neutrons, {approx}9.5-13 MeV, reflect the size and symmetry of colder, denser fuel, but with only {approx}1-7% of the neutrons. The gated detector records both the scattered neutron image, and, to a good approximation, an attenuated copy of the primary image left by scintillator decay. By modeling the imaging system the energy band for the scattered neutron image (10-12 MeV) can be chosen, trading off the decayed primary image and the decrease of scattered image brightness with energy. Modeling light decay from EJ399, BC422, BCF99-55, Xylene, DPAC-30, and Liquid A leads to a preference from BCF99-55 for the first NIF detector, but DPAC 30 and Liquid A would be preferred if incorporated into a system. Measurement of the delayed light from the NIF scintillator using implosions at the Omega laser shows BCF99-55 to be a good choice for down-scattered imaging at 28m.

  19. Nonvolatile memory disturbs due to gate and junction leakage currents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schroder, Dieter K.

    leakage currents induced by stress due to LOCOS and trap- assisted tunneling (TAT). * Corresponding author Department of Electrical Engineering and Center for Solid State Electronics Research, Arizona State) from traps within the gate oxides. Such low gate leakage currents can lead to sufficient charge

  20. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaigns GATE Center for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Champaigns GATE Center for Advanced Automotive Bio-Fuel Combustion Engines University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaigns GATE Center for Advanced Automotive Bio-Fuel Combustion...

  1. US DOE Sponsored Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Program at Penn State Emphasizing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    US DOE Sponsored Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Program at Penn State Emphasizing in the automotive industry and academia. Develop relationships between GATE students, faculty, employers

  2. New SRAM Cell Design for Low Power and High Reliability using 32nm Independent Gate FinFET Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayers, Joseph

    gate voltage (VGb). This is similar to the body effect in a bulk transistor. An independent-gate Fin

  3. Demonstration of Robust Quantum Gate Tomography via Randomized Benchmarking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake R. Johnson; Marcus P. da Silva; Colm A. Ryan; Shelby Kimmel; Jerry M. Chow; Thomas A. Ohki

    2015-05-25

    Typical quantum gate tomography protocols struggle with a self-consistency problem: the gate operation cannot be reconstructed without knowledge of the initial state and final measurement, but such knowledge cannot be obtained without well-characterized gates. A recently proposed technique, known as randomized benchmarking tomography (RBT), sidesteps this self-consistency problem by designing experiments to be insensitive to preparation and measurement imperfections. We implement this proposal in a superconducting qubit system, using a number of experimental improvements including implementing each of the elements of the Clifford group in single `atomic' pulses and custom control hardware to enable large overhead protocols. We show a robust reconstruction of several single-qubit quantum gates, including a unitary outside the Clifford group. We demonstrate that RBT yields physical gate reconstructions that are consistent with fidelities obtained by randomized benchmarking.

  4. Parallel transport quantum logic gates with trapped ions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Clercq, Ludwig; Marinelli, Matteo; Nadlinger, David; Oswald, Robin; Negnevitsky, Vlad; Kienzler, Daniel; Keitch, Ben; Home, Jonathan P

    2015-01-01

    Quantum information processing will require combinations of gate operations and communication, with each applied in parallel to large numbers of quantum systems. These tasks are often performed sequentially, with gates implemented by pulsed fields and information transported either by moving the physical qubits or using photonic links. For trapped ions, an alternative approach is to implement quantum logic gates by transporting the ions through static laser beams, combining qubit operations with transport. This has significant advantages for scalability since the voltage waveforms required for transport can potentially be generated using micro-electronics integrated into the trap structure itself, while both optical and microwave control elements are significantly more bulky. Using a multi-zone ion trap, we demonstrate transport gates on a qubit encoded in the hyperfine structure of a beryllium ion. We show the ability to perform sequences of operations, and to perform parallel gates on two ions transported t...

  5. Clean Cities: East Bay Clean Cities coalition (Oakland)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Clean Cities coalition since 2003. Battersby has over 25 years of experience in the fleet industry and has written and participated in numerous local, state, and federal...

  6. Clean Cities: Greater Lansing Area Clean Cities coalition

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Calnin has worked with the Clean Cities initiative since 2007, having supported the Detroit Area coalition as well as the Greater Lansing Area coalition. With a background that...

  7. Clean Cities: Greater New Haven Clean Cities coalition

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alternative vehicle and fuel consultation and assistance to many organizations in Connecticut and outside the state, including several towns and cities, metropolitan transit...

  8. Clean Cities: San Diego Regional Clean Cities coalition

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Kevin Wood Kevin Wood is an associate program manager for transportation at the California Center for Sustainable Energy. He joined the San Diego Regional Clean Cities...

  9. Graphene terahertz modulators by ionic liquid gating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yang; Qiu, Xuepeng; Liu, Jingbo; Deorani, Praveen; Banerjee, Karan; Son, Jaesung; Chen, Yuanfu; Chia, Elbert E M; Yang, Hyunsoo

    2015-01-01

    Graphene based THz modulators are promising due to the conical band structure and high carrier mobility of graphene. Here, we tune the Fermi level of graphene via electrical gating with the help of ionic liquid to control the THz transmittance. It is found that, in the THz range, both the absorbance and reflectance of the device increase proportionately to the available density of states due to intraband transitions. Compact, stable, and repeatable THz transmittance modulation up to 93% (or 99%) for a single (or stacked) device has been demonstrated in a broad frequency range from 0.1 to 2.5 THz, with an applied voltage of only 3 V at room temperature.

  10. Clean Cities Around the World

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2005-01-01

    This 2-page fact sheet provides general information regarding Clean Cities International, including background, successful activities, importance of partnerships, accomplishments, and plans.

  11. Clean Cities Around the World

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2005-11-01

    This fact sheet provides an update of Clean Cities International news, including successful activities, notable accomplishments, and plans for the future. It also includes background information.

  12. GENERAL INFORMATION City State Zip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullrich, Paul

    GENERAL INFORMATION City State Zip Phone Number Mobile Number BACKGROUND INFORMATION Venture of operation of your company? TM VENTURE CATALYST Smart Toolkit for Accelerated Research Translation START Last

  13. Washington City Power- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Washington City adopted a net-metering program, including interconnection procedures, in January 2008.* Net metering is available to residential and commercial customers that generate electricity...

  14. Cities and states in geohistory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soja, Edward W.

    2010-01-01

    the city-generated Industrial Revolution and the origins ofagricultural to the industrial revolutions to major burststhe onset of the industrial revolution and the rise of new

  15. Gated Si nanowires for large thermoelectric power factors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neophytou, Neophytos, E-mail: N.Neophytou@warwick.ac.uk [School of Engineering, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Kosina, Hans [Institute for Microelectronics, Vienna University of Technology, Gusshausstrasse 27-29/E360, Vienna A-1040 (Austria)

    2014-08-18

    We investigate the effect of electrostatic gating on the thermoelectric power factor of p-type Si nanowires (NWs) of up to 20?nm in diameter in the [100], [110], and [111] crystallographic transport orientations. We use atomistic tight-binding simulations for the calculation of the NW electronic structure, coupled to linearized Boltzmann transport equation for the calculation of the thermoelectric coefficients. We show that gated NW structures can provide ?5× larger thermoelectric power factor compared to doped channels, attributed to their high hole phonon-limited mobility, as well as gating induced bandstructure modifications which further improve mobility. Despite the fact that gating shifts the charge carriers near the NW surface, surface roughness scattering is not strong enough to degrade the transport properties of the accumulated hole layer. The highest power factor is achieved for the [111] NW, followed by the [110], and finally by the [100] NW. As the NW diameter increases, the advantage of the gated channel is reduced. We show, however, that even at 20?nm diameters (the largest ones that we were able to simulate), a ?3× higher power factor for gated channels is observed. Our simulations suggest that the advantage of gating could still be present in NWs with diameters of up to ?40?nm.

  16. Variability-Aware Design of Double Gate FinFET-based Current Mirrors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohanty, Saraju P.

    = front gate voltage, Vgb= back gate voltage. In the SG mode, the front and back gates are tied together and the back-gate voltage (Vgb) is set to 0 V. The low-power (LP)-mode applies a reverse-bias voltage of -0.2V

  17. Micro-mechanical logic for field produceable gate arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prakash, Manu

    2005-01-01

    A paradigm of micro-mechanical gates for field produceable logic is explored. A desktop manufacturing system is sought after which is capable of printing functional logic devices in the field. A logic scheme which induces ...

  18. Constructing two-qubit gates with minimal couplings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, Haidong

    Couplings between quantum systems are frequently less robust and harder to implement than controls on individual systems; thus, constructing quantum gates with minimal interactions is an important problem in quantum ...

  19. Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    using this beamline were able to chart the rate of oxidation of silicon in the gate oxide layer for the first time. Understanding the rate of oxidation in this crucial layer...

  20. Gate-Level Characterization: Foundations and Hardware Security Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potkonjak, Miodrag

    Security Keywords Gate-level characterization, thermal conditioning, hardware Trojan horse, manufacturing leakage energy, ever increasing sub- strate noise, profound and intrinsic manufacturing variabil- ity (MV rights management. However, GLC is challenging due to the existence of manufacturing variability (MV

  1. National Nuclear Security Administration Kansas City Field Office

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    City Field Office 14520 Botts Road Kansas City, Missouri 64147 Kansas City Plant Related Web Pages Kansas City Plant Home Page - Provides background information and related news on...

  2. Quantum optical interface for gate-controlled spintronic devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hans-Andreas Engel; Jacob M. Taylor; Mikhail D. Lukin; Atac Imamoglu

    2006-12-29

    We describe an opto-electronic structure in which charge and spin degrees of freedom in electrical gate-defined quantum dots can be coherently coupled to light. This is achieved via electron-electron interaction or via electron tunneling into a proximal self-assembled quantum dot. We illustrate potential applications of this approach by considering several quantum control techniques, including optical read-out of gate-controlled semiconductor quantum bits and controlled generation of entangled photon-spin pairs.

  3. City of Forest City, Iowa (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButte County,Camilla,ThermalCuba City, Wisconsin (Utility Company)CityCity

  4. City Hall plazas : they're different

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Kristen E. (Kristen Elizabeth)

    2008-01-01

    This essay explores the form, goals, and ideals behind city hall plazas by asking the questions: What is the difference between a city hall plaza and any other urban plaza? What are the uses intended by the city in the ...

  5. New Cities of the Pacific Rim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edward J. Blakely; Robert J. Stimson

    1992-01-01

    The future cities on the Pacific Rim." Comparative Urban and43 New Cities of the Pacific Rim Edward J. Blakely and43 New Cities of the Pacific Rim Edward J. Blakely and

  6. Optimal Control Theory for Continuous Variable Quantum Gates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rebing Wu; Raj Chakrabarti; Herschel Rabitz

    2007-08-16

    We apply the methodology of optimal control theory to the problem of implementing quantum gates in continuous variable systems with quadratic Hamiltonians. We demonstrate that it is possible to define a fidelity measure for continuous variable (CV) gate optimization that is devoid of traps, such that the search for optimal control fields using local algorithms will not be hindered. The optimal control of several quantum computing gates, as well as that of algorithms composed of these primitives, is investigated using several typical physical models and compared for discrete and continuous quantum systems. Numerical simulations indicate that the optimization of generic CV quantum gates is inherently more expensive than that of generic discrete variable quantum gates, and that the exact-time controllability of CV systems plays an important role in determining the maximum achievable gate fidelity. The resulting optimal control fields typically display more complicated Fourier spectra that suggest a richer variety of possible control mechanisms. Moreover, the ability to control interactions between qunits is important for delimiting the total control fluence. The comparative ability of current experimental protocols to implement such time-dependent controls may help determine which physical incarnations of CV quantum information processing will be the easiest to implement with optimal fidelity.

  7. Filter design for hybrid spin gates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Albrecht; Martin B. Plenio

    2015-04-14

    The impact of control sequences on the environmental coupling of a quantum system can be described in terms of a filter. Here we analyze how the coherent evolution of two interacting spins subject to periodic control pulses, at the example of a nitrogen vacancy center coupled to a nuclear spin, can be described in the filter framework in both the weak and the strong coupling limit. A universal functional dependence around the filter resonances then allows for tuning the coupling type and strength. Originally limited to small rotation angles, we show how the validity range of the filter description can be extended to the long time limit by time-sliced evolution sequences. Based on that insight, the construction of tunable, noise decoupled, conditional gates composed of alternating pulse sequences is proposed. In particular such an approach can lead to a significant improvement in fidelity as compared to a strictly periodic control sequence. Moreover we analyze the decoherence impact, the relation to the filter for classical noise known from dynamical decoupling sequences, and we outline how an alternating sequence can improve spin sensing protocols.

  8. Gated integrator with signal baseline subtraction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wang, X.

    1996-12-17

    An ultrafast, high precision gated integrator includes an opamp having differential inputs. A signal to be integrated is applied to one of the differential inputs through a first input network, and a signal indicative of the DC offset component of the signal to be integrated is applied to the other of the differential inputs through a second input network. A pair of electronic switches in the first and second input networks define an integrating period when they are closed. The first and second input networks are substantially symmetrically constructed of matched components so that error components introduced by the electronic switches appear symmetrically in both input circuits and, hence, are nullified by the common mode rejection of the integrating opamp. The signal indicative of the DC offset component is provided by a sample and hold circuit actuated as the integrating period begins. The symmetrical configuration of the integrating circuit improves accuracy and speed by balancing out common mode errors, by permitting the use of high speed switching elements and high speed opamps and by permitting the use of a small integrating time constant. The sample and hold circuit substantially eliminates the error caused by the input signal baseline offset during a single integrating window. 5 figs.

  9. Gated integrator with signal baseline subtraction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wang, Xucheng (Lisle, IL)

    1996-01-01

    An ultrafast, high precision gated integrator includes an opamp having differential inputs. A signal to be integrated is applied to one of the differential inputs through a first input network, and a signal indicative of the DC offset component of the signal to be integrated is applied to the other of the differential inputs through a second input network. A pair of electronic switches in the first and second input networks define an integrating period when they are closed. The first and second input networks are substantially symmetrically constructed of matched components so that error components introduced by the electronic switches appear symmetrically in both input circuits and, hence, are nullified by the common mode rejection of the integrating opamp. The signal indicative of the DC offset component is provided by a sample and hold circuit actuated as the integrating period begins. The symmetrical configuration of the integrating circuit improves accuracy and speed by balancing out common mode errors, by permitting the use of high speed switching elements and high speed opamps and by permitting the use of a small integrating time constant. The sample and hold circuit substantially eliminates the error caused by the input signal baseline offset during a single integrating window.

  10. Impulse radar with swept range gate

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McEwan, T.E.

    1998-09-08

    A radar range finder and hidden object locator is based on ultra-wide band radar with a high resolution swept range gate. The device generates an equivalent time amplitude scan with a typical range of 4 inches to 20 feet, and an analog range resolution as limited by a jitter of on the order of 0.01 inches. A differential sampling receiver is employed to effectively eliminate ringing and other aberrations induced in the receiver by the near proximity of the transmit antenna, so a background subtraction is not needed, simplifying the circuitry while improving performance. Techniques are used to reduce clutter in the receive signal, such as decoupling the receive and transmit cavities by placing a space between them, using conductive or radiative damping elements on the cavities, and using terminating plates on the sides of the openings. The antennas can be arranged in a side-by-side parallel spaced apart configuration or in a coplanar opposed configuration which significantly reduces main bang coupling. 25 figs.

  11. The gated community: residents' crime experience and perception of safety behind gates and fences in the urban area 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Suk Kyung

    2006-10-30

    The primary purpose of the study is to explore the connections between residents' perception of safety and their crime experience, and the existence of gates and fences in multi-family housing communities in urban areas. ...

  12. Brigham City Hydro Generation Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ammons, Tom B.

    2015-10-31

    Brigham City owns and operates its own municipal power system which currently includes several hydroelectric facilities. This project was to update the efficiency and capacity of current hydro production due to increased water flow demands that could pass through existing generation facilities. During 2006-2012, this project completed efficiency evaluation as it related to its main objective by completing a feasibility study, undergoing necessary City Council approvals and required federal environmental reviews. As a result of Phase 1 of the project, a feasibility study was conducted to determine feasibility of hydro and solar portions of the original proposal. The results indicated that the existing Hydro plant which was constructed in the 1960’s was running at approximately 77% efficiency or less. Brigham City proposes that the efficiency calculations be refined to determine the economic feasibility of improving or replacing the existing equipment with new high efficiency equipment design specifically for the site. Brigham City completed the Feasibility Assessment of this project, and determined that the Upper Hydro that supplies the main culinary water to the city was feasible to continue with. Brigham City Council provided their approval of feasibility assessment’s results. The Upper Hydro Project include removal of the existing powerhouse equipment and controls and demolition of a section of concrete encased penstock, replacement of penstock just upstream of the turbine inlet, turbine bypass, turbine shut-off and bypass valves, turbine and generator package, control equipment, assembly, start-up, commissioning, Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA), and the replacement of a section of conductors to the step-up transformer. Brigham City increased the existing 575 KW turbine and generator with an 825 KW turbine and generator. Following the results of the feasibility assessment Brigham City pursued required environmental reviews with the DOE and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services (USFWS) concurring with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) It was determined that Brigham City’s Upper Hydroelectric Power Plant upgrade would have no effect to federally listed or candidate species. However Brigham City has contributed a onetime lump sum towards Bonneville cutthroat trout conservation in the Northern Bonneville Geographic Management Unit with the intention to offset any impacts from the Upper Hydro Project needed to move forward with design and construction and is sufficient for NEPA compliance. No work was done in the river or river bank. During construction, the penstock was disconnected and water was diverted through and existing system around the powerhouse and back into the water system. The penstock, which is currently a 30-inch steel pipe, would be removed and replaced with a new section of 30-inch pipe. Brigham City worked with the DOE and was awarded a new modification and the permission to proceed with Phase III of our Hydro Project in Dec. 2013; with the exception to the modification of the award for the construction phase. Brigham City developed and issued a Request for Proposal for Engineer and Design vendor. Sunrise Engineering was selected for the Design and throughout the Construction Phase of the Upper Hydroelectric Power Plant. Brigham City conducted a Kickoff Meeting with Sunrise June 28, 2013 and received a Scope of Work Brigham City along with engineering firm sent out a RFP for Turbine, Generator and Equipment for Upper Hydro. We select Turbine/Generator Equipment from Canyon Industries located in Deming, WA. DOE awarded Brigham City a new modification and the permission to proceed with Phase III Construction of our Hydro Project. Brigham City Crews removed existing turbine/generator and old equipment alone with feeder wires coming into the building basically giving Caribou Construction an empty shell to begin demolition. Brigham City contracted with Caribou Construction from Jerome, Idaho for the Upper Power Plant construction. A kickoff meeting was June 24, 2014 and

  13. Cities within Cities: An Urbanization Approach in the Gulf Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bamakhrama, Salim Salah

    2015-01-01

    search reads: “Dubai builds the world. ” Tested on Februarylast chapter. Dubai has 139 Guinness World Record to date. "a city such as Dubai is labeled as ‘The World’ or as ‘The

  14. Clean Cities: Valley of the Sun Clean Cities coalition (Phoenix...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Photo of Bill Sheaffer Bill Sheaffer began serving as coordinator of the Valley of the Sun Clean Cities coalition in 2002 and now serves as the executive director of this...

  15. Philadelphia: The City of Energy Savings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To help homeowners save money and improve comfort, Philadelphia neighborhoods, nonprofits and the local government are partnering to improve the energy efficiency of the city’s homes.

  16. Shrinking Cities: Fuzzy Concept or Useful Framework?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsen, Aksel K

    2013-01-01

    Cities Losing Population. Detroit, MI: American Assembly.in places such as Detroit, Buffalo, and Philadelphia areUS cities and show Detroit, Cincinnati, New Orleans, San

  17. Smart Financing for Smart Cities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrd, D.

    2014-01-01

    stream_source_info ESL-KT-14-11-29.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 15398 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name ESL-KT-14-11-29.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Smart Financing for Smart... Industrialization 3Confidential Property of Schneider Electric Rebalancing ESL-KT-14-11-29 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Today’s Agenda Cities and Our Future A N A h Why Cities Need Smart City Financing ew pproac...

  18. Ge MOS Characteristics with CVD HfO2 Gate Dielectrics and TaN Gate Electrode W. P. Bai*, N. Lu*, J. Liu*, A. Ramirez**, D. L. Kwong*, D. Wristers**, A. Ritenour#

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ge MOS Characteristics with CVD HfO2 Gate Dielectrics and TaN Gate Electrode W. P. Bai*, N. Lu*, J, we report for the first time Ge MOS characteristics with ultra thin rapid thermal CVD HfO2 gate dielectrics and TaN gate electrode. Using the newly developed pre- gate cleaning and NH3-based Ge surface

  19. Field Projects: Cañon City, Colorado

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In June 2000, Cotter Corporation installed a PRB at its uranium ore processing millsite in Cañon City, Colorado. The PRB contains zero-valent iron (ZVI) that treated molybdenum and uranium...

  20. City of Sebastopol- Solar Access

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As a condition of approval of a property subdivision parcel map, the City of Sebastopol has the right to ask for dedication of solar easements for the purpose of assuring that each parcel or unit...

  1. Mexico City Theater, Summer 1998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Compton, Timothy G.

    1998-10-01

    FALL 1998 149 Mexico City Theatre - Summer 1998 Timothy G. Compton As the summer 1998 theatre season in Mexico City attests, despite political corruption, street violence, economic crises, wildfires, pollution, the Chiapas standoff, and even a.... Ultimately, Fray Servando returned to Mexico and saw his country independent, but ruled by power-hungry, corrupt people. The tone of "I gave my entire life for this?" was particularly poignant and pertinent given the difficulties with which modern Mexico...

  2. Deterministic and cascadable conditional phase gate for photonic qubits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chudzicki, Christopher; Chuang, Isaac; Shapiro, Jeffrey H.

    2014-12-04

    Previous analyses of conditional ?{sub NL}-phase gates for photonic qubits that treat crossphase modulation (XPM) in a causal, multimode, quantum field setting suggest that a large (?? rad) nonlinear phase shift is always accompanied by fidelity-degrading noise [J. H. Shapiro, Phys. Rev. A 73, 062305 (2006); J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. A 81, 043823 (2010)]. Using an atomic V-system to model an XPM medium, we present a conditional phase gate that, for sufficiently small nonzero ?{sub NL}, has high fidelity. The gate is made cascadable by using a special measurement, principal mode projection, to exploit the quantum Zeno effect and preclude the accumulation of fidelity-degrading departures from the principal-mode Hilbert space when both control and target photons illuminate the gate. The nonlinearity of the V-system we study is too weak for this particular implementation to be practical. Nevertheless, the idea of cascading through principal mode projection is of potential use to overcome fidelity degrading noise for a wide variety of nonlinear optical primitive gates.

  3. Decoherence and gate performance of coupled solid state qubits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markus J. Storcz; Frank K. Wilhelm

    2002-12-16

    Solid state quantum bits are promising candidates for the realization of a {\\em scalable} quantum computer. However, they are usually strongly limited by decoherence due to the many extra degrees of freedom of a solid state system. We investigate a system of two solid state qubits that are coupled via $\\sigma_z^{(i)} \\otimes \\sigma_z^{(j)}$ type of coupling. This kind of setup is typical for {\\em pseudospin} solid-state quantum bits such as charge or flux systems. We evaluate decoherence properties and gate quality factors in the presence of a common and two uncorrelated baths coupling to $\\sigma_z$, respectively. We show that at low temperatures, uncorrelated baths do degrade the gate quality more severely. In particular, we show that in the case of a common bath, optimum gate performance of a CPHASE gate can be reached at very low temperatures, because our type of coupling commutes with the coupling to the decoherence, which makes this type of coupling attractive as compared to previously studied proposals with $\\sigma_y^{(i)} \\otimes \\sigma_y^{(j)}$ -coupling. Although less pronounced, this advantage also applies to the CNOT gate.

  4. What is Clean Cities? May 2011 (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-05-01

    Fact sheet describes the Clean Cities program and includes the contact information for its 87 coalitions.

  5. Clean Cities Now, Vol. 10, No. 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2006-10-01

    Official Publication of Clean Cities and the Alternative Fuels Data Center (Newsletter) volume 10, number 4

  6. The Economic Challenges Facing Milwaukee's Inner City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    The Economic Challenges Facing Milwaukee's Inner City Statistical Snapshots UWM Center for Economic Development #12;Milwaukee's "Inner City," 1970-2000: An Economic Snapshot $18,193$21,090Real median household in the inner city: continuing economic distress in the traditional inner city, and growing distress

  7. An optical fusion gate for W-states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahin Kaya Ozdemir; Eiji Matsunaga; Toshiyuki Tashima; Takashi Yamamoto; Masato Koashi; Nobuyuki Imoto

    2011-03-11

    We introduce a simple optical gate to fuse arbitrary size polarization entangled W-states to prepare larger W-states. The gate requires a polarizing beam splitter (PBS), a half wave plate (HWP) and two photon detectors. We study numerically and analytically the necessary resource consumption for preparing larger W-states by fusing smaller ones with the proposed fusion gate. We show analytically that resource requirement scales at most sub-exponentially with the increasing size of the state to be prepared. We numerically determine the resource cost for fusion without recycling where W-states of arbitrary size can be optimally prepared. Moreover, we introduce another strategy which is based on recycling and outperforms the optimal strategy for non-recycling case.

  8. City of Baldwin City, Kansas (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLCLtd JumpGeorgia (Utility Company)Arlington,City of Aurora,Ava,City,

  9. City of Bay City, Michigan (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLCLtd JumpGeorgia (Utility Company)Arlington,CityCity, Michigan

  10. City of Orange City, Iowa (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler, Iowa (UtilityIowa PhoneNewfolden,Nixa,Norwich,CityOnawa,City,

  11. City of Tipp City, Ohio (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler, IowaScottsboro,Kansas (UtilityCity of Thomasville,Tipp City,

  12. City of Traverse City, Michigan (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler, IowaScottsboro,Kansas (UtilityCity ofCity of

  13. City of Union City, Tennessee (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler, IowaScottsboro,Kansas (UtilityCity ofCityUkiah,

  14. City of Gilman City, Missouri (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIRChurchFontanelle, Iowa (Utility Company) JumpCityCityGilman

  15. City of Beaver City, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButte County,Camilla,Thermal GradientChateauChoosEV JumpAnita, IowaCity ofCity

  16. City of Tell City, Indiana (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButte County,Camilla,ThermalCubaParker, SouthCityStockton,City of Taunton,Tell

  17. Fabrication of a gated gallium arsenide heterostructure resonant tunneling diode 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinard, William Brian

    1989-01-01

    , . ' 'CONTACT PAD' PLANAR I ZED POLYAM I DE RECTIFYI CONTACT N DBHS Pig. 2. f'utavvay vieiv of a gated gallium arsenide heterostructure resonant tunneling diode 1018 graded from 10 18 io" 10? (lightly doped) units=cm 8 ?graded from 10 to 18...FABRICATION OF A GATED GALLIL". tl ARSEXIDE HETEROSTRL CTL RF. RESONANT TF'XXELI'XG DIODE A Thesis bt ttrILLIAAI BRIA'. s KI'iARD Subnut ted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AE;M Eniverstty tn partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  18. Self-aligned submicron gate length gallium arsenide MESFET 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Hsien-Ching

    1987-01-01

    38 21. Proximity cap annealing . 22. Temperature profile of post implant anneal 46 47 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. "Pits" or holes in GaAs post implant anneal without sacrificial cap Silicon monoxide source (bafile box) used.... 16(b)). The bottom resist layer is then further etched in the oxygen plasma to produce undercutting for the desire gate structure. The amount of undercut is determined by the desired length of the gate and is the width of the remaining resist...

  19. Isolated-attosecond-pulse generation with infrared double optical gating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lan Pengfei; Takahashi, Eiji J.; Midorikawa, Katsumi [Extreme Photonics Research Group, RIKEN Advanced Science Institute, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan)

    2011-06-15

    We propose and theoretically demonstrate an infrared two-color polarization gating scheme for generating an intense isolated attosecond pulse (IAP) in the multicycle regime. Our simulations show that an IAP can be produced using a multicycle two-color driving pulse with a duration up to 60 fs. Moreover, the carrier-envelope phase (CEP) of the driving laser is not required to be stabilized, although the IAP intensity changes with the CEP slip. Such a gating scheme significantly relaxes the requirements for driving lasers and opens the door to easily create intense IAPs with a high-power conventional multicycle laser pulse.

  20. Gate-all-around silicon nanowire MOSFETs : top-down fabrication and transport enhancement techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hashemi, Pouya

    2010-01-01

    Scaling MOSFETs beyond 15 nm gate lengths is extremely challenging using a planar device architecture due to the stringent criteria required for the transistor switching. The top-down fabricated, gate-all-around architecture ...

  1. Quantum entanglement and controlled logical gates using coupled SQUID flux qubits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Zhongyuan; Han, Siyuan; Chu, Shih-I

    2005-06-01

    We present an approach to realize universal two-bit quantum gates using two SQUID flux qubits. In this approach the basic unit consists of two inductively coupled SQUIDs with realistic device parameters. Quantum logical gates are implemented...

  2. Cars and the City: An Investigation of Transportation and Residential Location Choices in New York City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salon, Deborah

    2006-01-01

    home) Income REST OF NEW YORK CITY Population Density (home)Use For Commuting in New York City with Endogenous Choice ofResidential Location Choice in New York City: A Study of the

  3. Creating a "city of art" : evaluating Singapore's vision of becoming a renaissance city

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Wai Kin, 1975-

    2003-01-01

    The arts have been used by many cities as a way to regenerate their urban environments and rejuvenate their economies. In this thesis, I examine an approach in which city-wide efforts are undertaken to create a "city of ...

  4. Chemical Wave Logic Gates Oliver Steinbock, Petteri Kettunen, and Kenneth Showalter*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Showalter, Kenneth

    Chemical Wave Logic Gates Oliver Steinbock, Petteri Kettunen, and Kenneth Showalter* Department Form: August 6, 1996X Logic gates based on chemical wave propagation in geometrically constrained. Computational studies of the serial coupling of elements to form multicomponent gates and general chemical wave

  5. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 90, 144504 (2014) Compressed sensing quantum process tomography for superconducting quantum gates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinis, John M.

    2014-01-01

    for superconducting quantum gates Andrey V. Rodionov,1 Andrzej Veitia,1 R. Barends,2 J. Kelly,2 Daniel Sank,2 J quantum gates based on superconducting Xmon and phase qubits. Using experimental data for a two and Monte Carlo process certification have been demonstrated experimentally for superconducting qubit gates

  6. Tradeoffs between Gate Oxide Leakage and Delay for Dual ToxToxTox Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sapatnekar, Sachin

    lead to gate oxide leakage current (Igate), are coming into play from the 90nm node onwards. AccordingTradeoffs between Gate Oxide Leakage and Delay for Dual ToxToxTox Circuits Anup Kumar Sultania Department of ECE University of Minnesota Minneapolis, MN 55455. sachin@ece.umn.edu ABSTRACT Gate oxide

  7. PHYSICAL REVIEW A 87, 052306 (2013) Protected gates for superconducting qubits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preskill, John

    2013-01-01

    PHYSICAL REVIEW A 87, 052306 (2013) Protected gates for superconducting qubits Peter Brooks, Alexei the accuracy of quantum phase gates acting on "0- qubits" in superconducting circuits, where the gates superconducting circuits for this purpose. Specifically, several authors [3­5] have proposed designs

  8. Case Studies on Clock Gating and Local Routign for VLSI Clock Mesh 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramakrishnan, Sundararajan

    2010-10-12

    . This thesis deals with the introduction of 'reconfigurability' by using control structures like transmission gates between sub-clock meshes, thus enabling clock gating in clock mesh. By using the optimum value of size for PMOS and NMOS of transmission gate...

  9. Learning Methods for Lung Tumor Markerless Gating in Image-Guided Radiotherapy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dy, Jennifer G.

    Learning Methods for Lung Tumor Markerless Gating in Image-Guided Radiotherapy Ying Cui Dept. For gated lung cancer radiotherapy, it is difficult to generate ac- curate gating signals due to the large techniques, we apply them on five sequences of fluoroscopic images from five lung cancer patients against

  10. An overview of the gate and panel industry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, C. West

    2000-01-01

    acquiring raw materials, its pre-fabrication, welding, touch-up, and delivery of the product. My first major responsibility for Texas Gate and Panel was to expand its sales territory. It soon became obvious that a thorough knowledge of my competitors...

  11. FLOATING GATE COMPARATOR WITH AUTOMATIC OFFSET MANIPULATION FUNCTIONALITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    a desired offset. We exploit the nega- tive feedback functionality of pFET hot-electron injection to achieve to this circuit node, so charge on this gate remains trapped for a very long time. In our comparator, the circuit offset is stored in this high-retention charge form, and altered by means of injection and tunneling

  12. Quantum Logic Gates in Superconducting Qubits John M. Martinis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinis, John M.

    Quantum Logic Gates in Superconducting Qubits John M. Martinis Department of Physics University on surface codes may allow errors in the 10-2 range [2]. Much research in superconducting qubits has been di for superconducting qubits, since they typically use fixed coupling elements set by fabrication. TRANSITION LOGIC

  13. Gating and regulation of connexin 43 (Cx43) hemichannels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newman, Eric A.

    Gating and regulation of connexin 43 (Cx43) hemichannels Jorge E. Contreras* , Juan C. Sa Connexin 43 (Cx43) nonjunctional or ``unapposed'' hemichannels can open under physiological or pathological conditions. We char- acterize hemichannels comprised of Cx43 or Cx43-EGFP (Cx43 with enhanced GFP fused

  14. Clustering of cyclic-nucleotide-gated channels in olfactory cilia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    French, Donald A.

    Cincinnati, OH 45267-0667, USA 513-558-6099 513-558-2727 FAX steve@syrano.acb.uc.edu Running title: CNG of olfactory signal transduction, including a high density of cyclic-nucleotide-gated (CNG) channels. CNG the locations of CNG channels along the length may be important in determining the sensitivity of odor detection

  15. Three-qubit phase gate based on cavity quantum electrodynamics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Jun-Tao; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2008-01-01

    We describe a three-qubit quantum phase gate which is implemented by passing a four-level atom in a cascade configuration initially in its ground state through a three-mode optical cavity. The three qubits are represented by the photons in the three...

  16. Optical gating of perylene bisimide fluorescence using dithienylcyclopentene photochromic switches

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pärs, Martti; Köhler, Jürgen, E-mail: juergen.koehler@uni-bayreuth.de [Experimental Physics IV, University of Bayreuth, 95440 Bayreuth (Germany)] [Experimental Physics IV, University of Bayreuth, 95440 Bayreuth (Germany); Gräf, Katja; Bauer, Peter; Thelakkat, Mukundan [Applied Functional Polymers, University of Bayreuth, 95440 Bayreuth (Germany)] [Applied Functional Polymers, University of Bayreuth, 95440 Bayreuth (Germany)

    2013-11-25

    The emission of millions of fluorescence photons from a chromophore is controlled by the absorption of a few tens of photons in a photochromic molecule. The parameters that determine the efficiency of this process are investigated, providing insights for the development of an all-optical gate.

  17. Temperature-controlled molecular depolarization gates in nuclear magnetic resonance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schroder, Leif; Schroder, Leif; Chavez, Lana; Meldrum, Tyler; Smith, Monica; Lowery, Thomas J.; E. Wemmer, David; Pines, Alexander

    2008-02-27

    Down the drain: Cryptophane cages in combination with selective radiofrequency spin labeling can be used as molecular 'transpletor' units for transferring depletion of spin polarization from a hyperpolarized 'source' spin ensemble to a 'drain' ensemble. The flow of nuclei through the gate is adjustable by the ambient temperature, thereby enabling controlled consumption of hyperpolarization.

  18. Design, Simulation and Modeling of Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Kaustubh

    2013-07-09

    The market for Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT) is growing and there is a need for techniques to improve the design, modeling and simulation of IGBT. In this thesis, we first developed a new method to optimize the layout and dimensions...

  19. Compact floating-gate true random number generator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    Compact floating-gate true random number generator P. Xu, Y.L. Wong, T.K. Horiuchi and P.A. Abshire A compact true random number generator (RNG) integrated circuit with adjustable probability is presented. Introduction: Random number generation is indispensable in crypto- graphy, scientific computing and stochastic

  20. TECH FORUM: [VERIFIED RTL TO GATES] Efficient RC power grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najm, Farid N.

    TECH FORUM: [VERIFIED RTL TO GATES] Efficient RC power grid verification using node elimination proposes a novel approach to systematically reduce the power grid and accurately compute an upper bound on the voltage drops at power grid nodes that are retained. Furthermore, acriterion for the safety of nodes

  1. A Gate Level Sensor Network for Integrated Circuits Temperature Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potkonjak, Miodrag

    A Gate Level Sensor Network for Integrated Circuits Temperature Monitoring Alireza Vahdatpour, Saro and temporal) temperature monitoring allows several run-time optimizations. Protecting shared processors from, miodrag}@cs.ucla.edu Abstract-- We present the first sensor network architecture to monitor integrated

  2. Gating of high-mobility InAs metamorphic heterostructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shabani, J.; McFadden, A. P.; Shojaei, B.; Palmstrøm, C. J.

    2014-12-29

    We investigate the performance of gate-defined devices fabricated on high mobility InAs metamorphic heterostructures. We find that heterostructures capped with In{sub 0.75}Ga{sub 0.25}As often show signs of parallel conduction due to proximity of their surface Fermi level to the conduction band minimum. Here, we introduce a technique that can be used to estimate the density of this surface charge that involves cool-downs from room temperature under gate bias. We have been able to remove the parallel conduction under high positive bias, but achieving full depletion has proven difficult. We find that by using In{sub 0.75}Al{sub 0.25}As as the barrier without an In{sub 0.75}Ga{sub 0.25}As capping, a drastic reduction in parallel conduction can be achieved. Our studies show that this does not change the transport properties of the quantum well significantly. We achieved full depletion in InAlAs capped heterostructures with non-hysteretic gating response suitable for fabrication of gate-defined mesoscopic devices.

  3. Cities of Tomorrow Bridger Hahn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Frederick M.

    Expensive Polluted #12;Decrowding Cities There are two ways to reduce crowdedness in a closed system pollution compared to automobiles Unsightly operations can be hidden away underground #12;Making Tomorrow by creating the sensation of infinite space." #12;Challenges of Tomorrow Ventilation and Pollution

  4. Laboratoire CITI / INRIA Research Internship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salagnac, Guillaume

    Laboratoire CITI / INRIA Research Internship Title: Energy profiling of networked embedded systems an energy supply that is steady in time but for a globally limited duration. However, embedded energy, in particular because of this energy consumption issue. From the software point of view, application developers

  5. North City Water Reclamation Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prevedouros, Panos D.

    -Site Cogeneration Methane Power Plant Methane piped in from: Miramar LandfillMiramar Landfill Metropolitan BiosolidsNorth City Water Reclamation Plant Maja Caroee Diana Lee Niko Salvador #12;What is Water% for plant operation 25% sold to local power grid #12;Technical Issues & Innovations COMNET Clean water

  6. Migration and the City: Urban Effects of the Morisco Expulsion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valencia, Adriana

    2011-01-01

    Migration and the City: Urban Effects of the MoriscoJames Monroe Spring 2011 Migration and the City: Urbanby Adriana Valencia Abstract Migration and the City: Urban

  7. Electron-beam patterning of polymer electrolyte films to make multiple nanoscale gates for nanowire transistors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. J. Carrad; A. M. Burke; R. W. Lyttleton; H. J. Joyce; H. H. Tan; C. Jagadish; K. Storm; H. Linke; L. Samuelson; A. P. Micolich

    2014-04-08

    We report an electron-beam based method for the nanoscale patterning of the poly(ethylene oxide)/LiClO$_{4}$ polymer electrolyte. We use the patterned polymer electrolyte as a high capacitance gate dielectric in single nanowire transistors and obtain subthreshold swings comparable to conventional metal/oxide wrap-gated nanowire transistors. Patterning eliminates gate/contact overlap which reduces parasitic effects and enables multiple, independently controllable gates. The method's simplicity broadens the scope for using polymer electrolyte gating in studies of nanowires and other nanoscale devices.

  8. Trapped-ion quantum logic gates based on oscillating magnetic fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Ospelkaus; C. E. Langer; J. M. Amini; K. R. Brown; D. Leibfried; D. J. Wineland

    2008-05-14

    Oscillating magnetic fields and field gradients can be used to implement single-qubit rotations and entangling multi-qubit quantum gates for trapped-ion quantum information processing (QIP). With fields generated by currents in microfabricated surface-electrode traps, it should be possible to achieve gate speeds that are comparable to those of optically induced gates for realistic distances between the ion crystal and the electrode surface. Magnetic-field-mediated gates have the potential to significantly reduce the overhead in laser beam control and motional state initialization compared to current QIP experiments with trapped ions and will eliminate spontaneous scattering, a fundamental source of decoherence in laser-mediated gates.

  9. City of Aspen- Renewable Energy Goal

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Approximately 27% of the electricity used by the City of Aspen comes from wind turbines located in Kimball, Nebraska. An additional 45% of the City's electricity comes from hydroelectric plants.  

  10. Clean Cities Now Vol. 16.1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-05-01

    Biannual newsletter for the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities initiative. The newsletter includes feature stories on advanced vehicle deployment, idle reduction, and articles on Clean Cities coalition successes across the country.

  11. Clean Cities Now Vol. 17, No. 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-05-24

    Biannual newsletter for the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities initiative. The newsletter includes feature stories on advanced vehicle deployment, idle reduction, and articles on Clean Cities coalition successes across the country.

  12. Pro-forma for city form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raina, Akanksha

    2014-01-01

    This thesis aims to examine impact of financial decisions on the city morphology, specifically on the current crop of new city projects undertaken in India. While there has been some existing research on impact of capital ...

  13. Clean Cities Program Contacts (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-03-01

    This fact sheet provides contact information for program staff of the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities program, as well as contact information for the nearly 100 local Clean Cities coalitions across the country.

  14. Clean Cities Program Contacts (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-12-01

    Contact information for the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities program staff and for the coordinators of the nearly 100 local Clean Cities coalitions across the country.

  15. City of Ann Arbor- Green Power Purchasing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The city came short of its 2010 goal, achieving 19.8% renewables by 2010. In April 2011, the City Council passed a new goal to reach 30% renewables by 2015 (compared to 2000 levels) in municipal...

  16. Synthetic ecology : revisiting Mexico City's lakes project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daou, Daniel (Daou Ornelas)

    2011-01-01

    Mexico City was founded 700 years ago on man made islets in the middle of a lake. Today, it faces a contradictory situation were water is running scarce, but simultaneously the city runs the risk of drowning in its own ...

  17. City of Philadelphia- Green Power Purchasing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    *In contrast to renewable energy purchasing goals of many local governments, Philadelphia's initiative targets total electricity use within the city as opposed to only purchases made by the city ...

  18. City of Santa Monica- Green Power Purchasing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The City of Santa Monica made history June 1, 1999, as green electricity began powering all municipal facilities -- including the Santa Monica Airport, City Hall and the Santa Monica Pier -- making...

  19. City of Jacksonville- Sustainable Public Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2009, the Jacksonville City Office of Sustainability Initiatives announced the creation of the Sustainable Building Program. As part of the program, all new city-owned buildings must meet...

  20. Design of Sustainable Supply Chains Sustainable Cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Design of Sustainable Supply Chains for Sustainable Cities Anna Nagurney Isenberg School of Management University of Massachusetts Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 Complex-City Workshop Amsterdam.? Anna Nagurney Sustainability #12;Pollution and Environmental Impacts The release of CO2

  1. Water rites : a city stage for Boston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mansfield, Timothy Denton

    1990-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the design of a public theatre for the entire city of Boston, a "city stage." The intention is to explore through design the boundaries of an architectural setting for large scale performance art; ...

  2. What is Clean Cities? July 2010 (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-07-01

    Fact sheet describes the Clean Cities program and includes the contact information for its 87 active coalitions.

  3. (Consultecnia, Guatemala City (Guatemala)); Altseimer, J.; Thayer...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Desarrollo Geotermico, Guatemala City (Guatemala). Inst. Nacional de Electrificacion) 15 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; DEHYDRATORS; DESIGN; OPERATION; PERFORMANCE;...

  4. National Engineers Week: Future City Competition

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2012-06-14

    2011 Future Cities Competition inspires students all across South Carolina to pursue careers in environmental protection and engineering.

  5. Clean Cities Reaches Across the Sea

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Clean Cities International collaborates with leaders from Kazakhstan and Sweden share best practices and accomplish mutual goals.

  6. What is Clean Cities? December 2010 (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-12-01

    Fact sheet describes the Clean Cities program and includes the contact information for its 87 active coalitions.

  7. SSL Demonstration: Central Park, New York City

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-11-01

    GATEWAY program report brief summarizing an SSL pathway lighting demonstration in Central Park in New York City.

  8. National Engineers Week: Future City Competition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2011-01-01

    2011 Future Cities Competition inspires students all across South Carolina to pursue careers in environmental protection and engineering.

  9. Whose City is it Anyway? Jane Jacobs vs. Robert Moses and Contemporary Redevelopment Politics in New York City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, Scott

    2009-01-01

    Redevelopment Politics in New York City By Scott Larsonpolitics in New York City, serving as ideological oppositesactivity washing over New York City and the rhetoric that

  10. Winter Break Trip 2014 New York City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Winter Break Trip 2014 New York City Tentative Trip Information December 13-19, 2014 Saturday Park & Ride Service" o These buses are NOT on the New York City Metro system. · Transportation in the City o Buying a New York Metro card is highly encouraged. o Price for a ride is $2.75 o The cost

  11. CITY COLLEGE OF NEW YORK Physics Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolberg, George

    CITY COLLEGE OF NEW YORK Physics Department Information for Doctoral Students #12;Views College The Physics Department of the City College of New York is a major par- ticipant in the doctoral program of the City University of New York. The Department offers opportunities for research on a number

  12. Sustainable Supply Chain Networks Sustainable Cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Chain Networks for Sustainable Cities #12;Pollution and Environmental Impacts In the US aloneSustainable Supply Chain Networks for Sustainable Cities Anna Nagurney John F. Smith Memorial Nagurney Sustainable Supply Chain Networks for Sustainable Cities #12;Acknowledgments I would like to thank

  13. Fibra -Principal Vm a as smart cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    Fibra - Principal Vêm aí as smart cities Autor: Filipe Santa Bárbara Editora: N.D. Id: 1636658 Data, sendo interdita qualquer reprodução, mesmo que parcial #12;Fibra - Principal Vêm aí as smart cities parcial #12;Fibra - Principal Vêm aí as smart cities Autor: Filipe Santa Bárbara Editora: N.D. Id: 1636649

  14. City of College Station's Thermographic Mobile Scan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shear, C. K.

    1986-01-01

    During the first quarter of 1986, the City of College Station conducted a thermographic mobile scan of the entire city. A thermographic mobile scan is a process by which heat loss/heat gain data is accumulated by a vehicle traveling the city...

  15. STANFORD REDWOOD CITY INFUSION THERAPY CENTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puglisi, Joseph

    STANFORD REDWOOD CITY INFUSION THERAPY CENTER Stanford Redwood City Infusion Therapy Center 450 that the new Stanford Redwood City Infusion Therapy Center opened on January 6, 2014. This new state previously received infusion treatments in the Infusion Treatment Area (ITA) at the Stanford Cancer Center

  16. OKLAHOMA CITY UNIVERSITY VOLUME 32 SPRING 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharp, Kim

    OKLAHOMA CITY UNIVERSITY LAW REVIEW VOLUME 32 SPRING 2007 SPEECH NUMBER 1 UNPOPULAR PRIVACY numbers for their clients;2 (3) decisional intrusions, * This speech was given at Oklahoma City University as the Quinlain Lecture at the Oklahoma City University School of Law. 1. See, e.g., Plaxico v. Michael, 735 So. 2

  17. Dwelling transformations : Santa Ursula, Mexico City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrade-Narvaez, Jorge

    1981-01-01

    The colonia popular is one of the most typical types of settlement used in Mexico City, and with some variations in other Latin American cities. Fifty per cent of the urban land in Mexico City is occupied by this type of ...

  18. Sustainable CUNY CITY COLLEGE OF NEW YORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yi

    Sustainable CUNY CITY COLLEGE OF NEW YORK #12;2 THECITYCOLLEGEOFNEWYORKCAMPUSSUSTAINABILITY10 that City College of New York (CCNY) is making significant progress toward reaching the goals of becoming New York City. Aided by faculty advisors, alumni, and other supporters, the Solar Roofpod

  19. New York City Bar Environmental Law Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    1 New York City Bar Environmental Law Committee A Public Debate: Is Thermal Treatment of Solid Wastes Good for New York City? March 22, 2007 New York City Bar Association Great Hall 42 West 44th Street, New York, NY Nickolas J. Themelis (njt1@columbia.edu; www.columbia.edu/cu/earth; www

  20. Clean Cities Designation Guide: A Resource for Developing, Implementing, and Sustaining Your Clean Cities Coalition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2008-04-01

    Document serves as an instruction manual for developing, implementing, and running a Clean Cities coalition.

  1. The City College of New York Of the City University of New York

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yi

    The City College of New York Of the City University of New York Grove School of Engineering. # ______________________________________________________ City State/Country Zip Code 7. Mailing Address (if different from above, or local address. # ______________________________________________________ City State/Country Zip Code 8. Social Security Number: __________--_______--_____________ ( Check here

  2. Name of College: The City College Semester: The City University of New York

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yi

    Name of College: The City College Semester: The City University of New York Adjunct Instructional.2 and 15.3 of The Agreement between The City University of New York and the Professional Staff Congress to an Adjunct title is not a full-time employee of The City University of New York. Employment in an adjunct

  3. Bridge--The New Blackwell Compaion to the City Gentrification of the City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M Bridge--The New Blackwell Compaion to the City Chapter 50 Gentrification of the City Tom Slater, The New Blackwell Companion to the City Edited by Gary Bridge and Sophie Watson © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd c50.indd 571 11/5/2010 8:49:43 PM #12;M Bridge--The New Blackwell Compaion to the City 572 Tom

  4. Tecnologie ICT per le Smart City Prof. R. Laurini Tecnologie ICT per le Smart City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurini, Robert

    Tecnologie ICT per le Smart City Prof. R. Laurini 1 Tecnologie ICT per le Smart City 1 ­ Le smart-fertilization tra ICT e Smart City 4 ­ Problemi emergenti 5 ­ Conclusioni Definizione di Carlo Ratti (MIT) · Una, efficiente, ­ aperta, collaborativa, ­ creativa, digitale ­ e green European Smart Cities · Volendo essere

  5. Utah Clean Cities Transportation Sector Petroleum Reduction Technologi...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Utah Clean Cities Transportation Sector Petroleum Reduction Technologies Program Utah Clean Cities Transportation Sector Petroleum...

  6. Gate-Tunable Graphene Quantum Dot and Dirac Oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdelhadi Belouad; Ahmed Jellal; Youness Zahidi

    2015-05-29

    We obtain the solution of the Dirac equation in (2+1) dimensions in the presence of a constant magnetic field normal to the plane together with a two-dimensional Dirac-oscillator potential coupling. We study the energy spectrum of graphene quantum dot (QD) defined by electrostatic gates. We give discussions of our results based on different physical settings, whether the cyclotron frequency is similar or larger/smaller compared to the oscillator frequency. This defines an effective magnetic field that produces the effective quantized Landau levels. We study analytically such field in gate-tunable graphene QD and show that our structure allow us to control the valley degeneracy. Finally, we compare our results with already published work and also discuss the possible applications of such QD.

  7. Gate-Tunable Graphene Quantum Dot and Dirac Oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belouad, Abdelhadi; Zahidi, Youness

    2015-01-01

    We obtain the solution of the Dirac equation in (2+1) dimensions in the presence of a constant magnetic field normal to the plane together with a two-dimensional Dirac-oscillator potential coupling. We study the energy spectrum of graphene quantum dot (QD) defined by electrostatic gates. We give discussions of our results based on different physical settings, whether the cyclotron frequency is similar or larger/smaller compared to the oscillator frequency. This defines an effective magnetic field that produces the effective quantized Landau levels. We study analytically such field in gate-tunable graphene QD and show that our structure allow us to control the valley degeneracy. Finally, we compare our results with already published work and also discuss the possible applications of such QD.

  8. High Fidelity Quantum Gates in the Presence of Dispersion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botan Khani; Seth T. Merkel; Felix Motzoi; Jay M. Gambetta; Frank K. Wilhelm

    2011-11-07

    We numerically demonstrate the control of motional degrees of freedom of an ensemble of neutral atoms in an optical lattice with a shallow trapping potential. Taking into account the range of quasimomenta across different Brillouin zones results in an ensemble whose members effectively have inhomogeneous control fields as well as spectrally distinct control Hamiltonians. We present an ensemble-averaged optimal control technique that yields high fidelity control pulses, irrespective of quasimomentum, with average fidelities above 98%. The resulting controls show a broadband spectrum with gate times in the order of several free oscillations to optimize gates with up to 13.2% dispersion in the energies from the band structure. This can be seen as a model system for the prospects of robust quantum control. This result explores the limits of discretizing a continuous ensemble for control theory.

  9. Quantum gate using qubit states separated by terahertz

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toyoda, Kenji; Urabe, Shinji [Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, 1-3 Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531 (Japan); JST-CREST, 4-1-8 Honmachi, Kawaguchi, Saitama 331-0012 (Japan); Haze, Shinsuke [Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, 1-3 Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531 (Japan); Yamazaki, Rekishu [JST-CREST, 4-1-8 Honmachi, Kawaguchi, Saitama 331-0012 (Japan)

    2010-03-15

    A two-qubit quantum gate is realized using electronically excited states in a single ion with an energy separation on the order of a terahertz times the Planck constant as a qubit. Two phase-locked lasers are used to excite a stimulated Raman transition between two metastable states D{sub 3/2} and D{sub 5/2} separated by 1.82 THz in a single trapped {sup 40}Ca{sup +} ion to construct a qubit, which is used as the target bit for the Cirac-Zoller two-qubit controlled NOT gate. Quantum dynamics conditioned on a motional qubit is clearly observed as a fringe reversal in Ramsey interferometry.

  10. Synthesis of Reversible Functions Beyond Gate Count and Quantum Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Wille; Mehdi Saeedi; Rolf Drechsler

    2010-04-26

    Many synthesis approaches for reversible and quantum logic have been proposed so far. However, most of them generate circuits with respect to simple metrics, i.e. gate count or quantum cost. On the other hand, to physically realize reversible and quantum hardware, additional constraints exist. In this paper, we describe cost metrics beyond gate count and quantum cost that should be considered while synthesizing reversible and quantum logic for the respective target technologies. We show that the evaluation of a synthesis approach may differ if additional costs are applied. In addition, a new cost metric, namely Nearest Neighbor Cost (NNC) which is imposed by realistic physical quantum architectures, is considered in detail. We discuss how existing synthesis flows can be extended to generate optimal circuits with respect to NNC while still keeping the quantum cost small.

  11. High image quality sub 100 picosecond gated framing camera development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, R.H.; Wiedwald, J.D.

    1983-11-17

    A major challenge for laser fusion is the study of the symmetry and hydrodynamic stability of imploding fuel capsules. Framed x-radiographs of 10-100 ps duration, excellent image quality, minimum geometrical distortion (< 1%), dynamic range greater than 1000, and more than 200 x 200 pixels are required for this application. Recent progress on a gated proximity focused intensifier which meets these requirements is presented.

  12. Amorphorized tantalum-nickel binary films for metal gate applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ouyang, Jiaomin; Wongpiya, Ranida; Clemens, Bruce M.; Deal, Michael D.; Nishi, Yoshio

    2015-04-13

    Amorphous metal gates have the potential to eliminate the work function variation due to grain orientation for poly-crystalline metal gate materials, which is a leading contributor to threshold voltage variation for small transistors. Structural and electrical properties of TaNi alloys using co-sputtering with different compositions and multilayer structures with different thicknesses are investigated in this work. It is found that TaNi films are amorphous for a wide range of compositions as deposited, and the films stay amorphous after annealing at 400?°C in RTA for 1?min and up to at least 700?°C depending on the composition. The amorphous films eventually crystallize into Ni, Ta, and TaNi{sub 3} phases at high enough temperature. For multilayer Ta/Ni structures, samples with individual layer thickness of 0.12?nm and 1.2?nm are amorphous as deposited due to intermixing during deposition, and stay amorphous until annealed at 500?°C. The resistivity of the films as-deposited are around 200 ??·cm. The work function of the alloy is fixed at close to the Ta work function of 4.6?eV for a wide range of compositions. This is attributed to the segregation of Ta at the metal-oxide interface, which is confirmed by XPS depth profile. Overall, the excellent thermal stability and low resistivity makes this alloy system a promising candidate for eliminating work function variation for gate last applications, as compared to crystalline Ta or TiN gates.

  13. GATE: Energy Efficient Vehicles for Sustainable Mobility | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,Executive Compensation References: FAR 31.205-6Applications |Energy GATE:

  14. Single qubit gates in frequency-crowded transmon systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Schutjens; F. Abu Dagga; D. J. Egger; F. K. Wilhelm

    2013-06-10

    Recent experimental work on superconducting transmon qubits in 3D cavities show that their coherence times are increased by an order of magnitude compared to their 2D cavity counterparts. However to take advantage of these coherence times while scaling up the number of qubits it is advantageous to address individual qubits which are all coupled to the same 3D cavity fields. The challenge in controlling this system comes from spectral crowding, where leakage transition of qubits are close to computational transitions in other. Here it is shown that fast pulses are possible which address single qubits using two quadrature control of the pulse envelope while the DRAG method alone only gives marginal improvements over the conventional Gaussian pulse shape. On the other hand, a first order result using the Magnus expansion gives a fast analytical pulse shape which gives a high fidelity gate for a specific gate time, up to a phase factor on the second qubit. Further numerical analysis corroborates these results and yields to even faster gates, showing that leakage state anharmonicity does not provide a fundamental quantum speed limit.

  15. City of David City, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLCLtd JumpGeorgiaBurley,Columbus Place:Cuero, TexasDavid City,

  16. City of Gas City, Indiana (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLCLtdEllsworth, Iowa (UtilityCollinsKansas (Utility Company)Gas City,

  17. City of Monroe City, Missouri (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler, Iowa (Utility Company)Menasha,Monroe City, Missouri (Utility

  18. City of Morgan City, Utah (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler, Iowa (Utility Company)Menasha,Monroe City,Moran,Utah (Utility

  19. City of Ponca City, Oklahoma (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler, Iowa (UtilityIowaIowa (UtilityCityPioche,Kansas

  20. City of Valley City, North Dakota (Utility Company) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler, IowaScottsboro,Kansas (UtilityCity

  1. City of Webster City, Iowa (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler, IowaScottsboro,KansasKansas (UtilityCity, Iowa (Utility

  2. City of Central City, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIRChurch Point,Blue Hill, NebraskaIllinoisCartersville,Celina,City

  3. City of Columbia City, Indiana (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIRChurch Point,Blue Hill,MissouriClewiston,City of Colton,Columbia

  4. City of Falls City, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIRChurch Point,BlueDeaver,Dighton,LouisianaFalls City, Nebraska

  5. City of Farmer City, Illinois (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIRChurch Point,BlueDeaver,Dighton,LouisianaFalls City,

  6. City of Hill City, Kansas (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIRChurchFontanelle, Iowa (UtilityHagerstown,CityHermiston,Hill

  7. City of Morgan City, Louisiana (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIRChurchFontanelle, IowaIowaCityWater) JumpLouisiana (Utility

  8. City of South Sioux City, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, searchSeymour City ofInformation

  9. City of Cuba City, Wisconsin (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButte County,Camilla,ThermalCuba City, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Jump to:

  10. Phoenix Cities: The Fall and Rise of Great Industrial Cities By Anne Power, Jörg Plöger, and Astrid Winkler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teitz, Michael B

    2011-01-01

    BOOK REVIEW Phoenix Cities: The Fall and Rise of Greatthe creative class. Thus, Phoenix Cities comes as a welcome

  11. Xarxes i Serveis en Smart Cities II Nom de l'assignatura (cat., cast., angl.): Xarxes i Serveis en Smart Cities II, Redes y Servicios en Smart Cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    Xarxes i Serveis en Smart Cities II 1 Nom de l'assignatura (cat., cast., angl.): Xarxes i Serveis en Smart Cities II, Redes y Servicios en Smart Cities II, Networks and Services in Smart Cities II de diferents tipus d'algoritmes per anàlisis predictiu en smart cities. Analitzar el comportament de

  12. Surf City | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEuropeEnergy InformationSunrain JumpSuperiorSureSurf City

  13. Use of a hard mask for formation of gate and dielectric via nanofilament field emission devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morse, Jeffrey D. (Martinez, CA); Contolini, Robert J. (Lake Oswego, OR)

    2001-01-01

    A process for fabricating a nanofilament field emission device in which a via in a dielectric layer is self-aligned to gate metal via structure located on top of the dielectric layer. By the use of a hard mask layer located on top of the gate metal layer, inert to the etch chemistry for the gate metal layer, and in which a via is formed by the pattern from etched nuclear tracks in a trackable material, a via is formed by the hard mask will eliminate any erosion of the gate metal layer during the dielectric via etch. Also, the hard mask layer will protect the gate metal layer while the gate structure is etched back from the edge of the dielectric via, if such is desired. This method provides more tolerance for the electroplating of a nanofilament in the dielectric via and sharpening of the nanofilament.

  14. Universal Gates via Fusion and Measurement Operations on SU$(2)_4$ Anyons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claire Levaillant; Bela Bauer; Michael Freedman; Zhenghan Wang; Parsa Bonderson

    2015-07-01

    We examine a class of operations for topological quantum computation based on fusing and measuring topological charges for systems with SU$(2)_4$ or $k=4$ Jones-Kauffman anyons. We show that such operations augment the braiding operations, which, by themselves, are not computationally universal. This augmentation results in a computationally universal gate set through the generation of an exact, topologically protected irrational phase gate and an approximate, topologically protected controlled-$Z$ gate.

  15. A simple trapped-ion architecture for high-fidelity Toffoli gates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massimo Borrelli; Laura Mazzola; Mauro Paternostro; Sabrina Maniscalco

    2010-12-08

    We discuss a simple architecture for a quantum Toffoli gate implemented using three trapped ions. The gate, which in principle can be implemented with a single laser-induced operation, is effective under rather general conditions and is strikingly robust (within any experimentally realistic range of values) against dephasing, heating and random fluctuations of the Hamiltonian parameters. We provide a full characterization of the unitary and noise-affected gate using three-qubit quantum process tomography.

  16. Use of high-level design information for enabling automation of fine-grained power gating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agarwal, Abhinav

    2014-01-01

    Leakage power reduction through power gating requires considerable design and verification effort. Conventionally, extensive analysis is required for dividing a heterogeneous design into power domains and generating control ...

  17. How to Successfully Implement a Knowledge Management System for the Mechanical Engineering Department at Gating Incorporated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mudd, John

    2009-05-15

    , utilizing some of the strategies, for the implementation of a Knowledge Management System for the Mechanical Engineering Department at Gating Incorporated....

  18. A Surprising Clarification of the Mechanism of Ion-channel Voltage-Gating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashok Palaniappan

    2011-04-20

    An intense controversy has surrounded the mechanism of voltage-gating in ion channels. We interpreted the two leading models of voltage-gating with respect to the thermodynamic energetics of membrane insertion of the voltage-sensing 'module' from a comprehensive set of potassium channels. KvAP is an archaeal voltage-gated potassium channel whose x-ray structure was the basis for determining the general mechanism of voltage-gating. The free energy of membrane insertion of the KvAP voltage sensor was revealed to be a single outlier. This was due to its unusual sequence that facilitated large gating movements in its native lipid membrane. This degree of free energy was the least typical of the other voltage sensors, including the Shaker potassium channel. We inferred that the two leading models of voltage-gating referred to alternative mechanisms of voltage-gating: each is applicable to an independent set of ion channels. The large motion of the voltage-sensor during gating proposed by the KvAP-paddle model of gating is unlikely to be mirrored by the majority of ion channels whose voltage sensors are not located at the membrane-cytoplasm interface in the channel closed state.

  19. Sandia Energy - ECIS and i-GATE: Innovation Hub Connects Clean...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    support system to accelerate the commercialization of innovative technologies related to green transportation and clean energy. There are now eight i-GATE clients developing fuel...

  20. Low Power 8T SRAM Using 32nm Independent Gate FinFET Young Bok Kim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayers, Joseph

    by the process, but also it can be controlled by the back gate voltage (VGb). This is similar to the body effect

  1. Implementing a neutral-atom controlled-phase gate with a single Rydberg pulse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rui Han; Hui Khoon Ng; Berthold-Georg Englert

    2014-09-04

    One can implement fast two-qubit entangling gates by exploiting the Rydberg blockade. Although various theoretical schemes have been proposed, experimenters have not yet been able to demonstrate two-atom gates of high fidelity due to experimental constraints. We propose a novel scheme, which only uses a single Rydberg pulse, for the construction of neutral-atom controlled-phase gates. In contrast to the existing schemes, our scheme is simpler to implement and requires neither individual addressing of atoms nor adiabatic procedures. With realistically estimated experimental parameters, a gate fidelity higher than 0.99 is achievable.

  2. Bill Gates and Deputy Secretary Poneman Discuss the Energy Technology Landscape

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Bill Gates and Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman discuss the future of energy technology during the twenty-second Plenary Meeting of the Nuclear Suppliers Group.

  3. Local implementations of non-local quantum gates in linear entangled channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debashis Saha; Sanket Nandan; Prasanta K. Panigrahi

    2014-08-03

    In this paper, we demonstrate n-party controlled unitary gate implementations locally on arbitrary remote state through linear entangled channel where control parties share entanglement with the adjacent control parties and only one of them shares entanglement with the target party. In such a network, we describe the protocol of simultaneous implementation of controlled-Hermitian gate starting from three party scenario. We also explicate the implementation of three party controlled-Unitary gate, a generalized form of To?oli gate and subsequently generalize the protocol for n-party using minimal cost.

  4. City of Dallas Green Building Case Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basora, Z.

    2012-01-01

    Inspection City of Dallas Public Works Department City of Dallas Green Building Case Study CATEE CONFERENCE October 10, 2012 Dallas Building Inspection Take Aways ? Green Building Strategy Implementation is a process ? Awareness ? Education... Dallas Case Study 3 Dallas Building Inspection Municipal Green Building Program ? Adopted on January 22, 2003 ? all municipal projects over 10,000 s.f. to be LEED Silver Certified ? The City of Dallas has 21 LEED certified buildings, 9 gold, 11...

  5. City of Ellensburg Renewable Energy Park

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This presentation was given at the March 19, 2013, CommRE webinar on Renewable Energy Parks by Robert Titus, City of Ellensburg, Washington special projects manager.

  6. Building Green in Greensburg: City Hall Building

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This poster highlights energy efficiency, renewable energy, and sustainable features of the high-performing City Hall building in Greensburg, Kansas.

  7. Reaching 100% Renewable Energy, City of Aspen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-08-01

    This brochure describes the analysis and process used by NREL to assist the City of Aspen in attaining its 100% renewable energy goal.

  8. Clean Cities Now, Vol. 10, No. 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2006-07-01

    Newsletter features articles on Clean Cities, such as coalition news, stakeholder success stories, and Technical Assistance projects. Industry news, EPAct updates, and new resources are also covered.

  9. Clean Cities Program Contacts (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-10-01

    This fact sheet contains contact information for program staff and coalition coordinators for the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities program.

  10. Clean Cities Program Contacts (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-09-01

    This fact sheet contains contact information for program staff and coalition coordinators for the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities program.

  11. Clean Cities Program Contacts (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-01-01

    This fact sheet contains contact information for program staff and coalition coordinators for the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities program.

  12. Rebuilding It Better: Greensburg, Kansas, City Hall

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D. Egan

    2010-04-13

    This document showcases the LEED-Platinum designed Greensburg City Hall, which was rebuilt green, after a massive tornado destroyed Greensburg, Kansas in May 2007.

  13. Clean Cities Regional Support & Petroleum Displacement Awards...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Regional Support & Petroleum Displacement Awards Clean Cities Regional Support & Petroleum Displacement Awards 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual...

  14. City of St. George- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The St. George City Council adopted a net-metering program for area utilities, including interconnection procedures, in October 2005.* The interconnection procedures include different requirements,...

  15. Elizabeth City State University: Elizabeth City, North Carolina (Data)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Stoffel, T.; Andreas, A.

    1985-09-25

    The Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) Solar Radiation Monitoring Network operated from July 1985 through December 1996. Funded by DOE, the six-station network provided 5-minute averaged measurements of direct normal, global, and diffuse horizontal solar irradiance. The data were processed at NREL to improve the assessment of the solar radiation resources in the southeastern United States. Historical HBCU data available online include quality assessed 5-min data, monthly reports, and plots. In January 1997 the HBCU sites became part of the CONFRRM solar monitoring network and data from the two remaining active stations, Bluefield State College and Elizabeth City State University, are collected by the NREL Measurement & Instrumentation Data Center (MIDC).

  16. Elizabeth City State University: Elizabeth City, North Carolina (Data)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Stoffel, T.; Andreas, A.

    The Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) Solar Radiation Monitoring Network operated from July 1985 through December 1996. Funded by DOE, the six-station network provided 5-minute averaged measurements of direct normal, global, and diffuse horizontal solar irradiance. The data were processed at NREL to improve the assessment of the solar radiation resources in the southeastern United States. Historical HBCU data available online include quality assessed 5-min data, monthly reports, and plots. In January 1997 the HBCU sites became part of the CONFRRM solar monitoring network and data from the two remaining active stations, Bluefield State College and Elizabeth City State University, are collected by the NREL Measurement & Instrumentation Data Center (MIDC).

  17. Universal pensions in Mexico City : changing dynamics of citizenship and state formation in a global city

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lajous-Loaeza, Andrés

    2009-01-01

    The main topic of this study is the enactment of a non-contributory and non-means-tested Universal Pension (Pension Alimentaria Ciudadana para Adultos Mayores) program in Mexico City directed at city residents 70 years of ...

  18. Structure of an African city : study of Ibadan, Nigeria : city structure and morphology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Stephan L. (Stephan Lane), 1971-

    1998-01-01

    The study of Ibadan, Nigeria was conducted to analyze how Colonization has altered, or not altered the structure of the traditional African city form of this Yoruba town. The study encompasses structural city form elements ...

  19. New York City Alliance for Minority Participation (LSAMP) City College, Marshak J14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Robert

    New York City Alliance for Minority Participation (LSAMP) City College, Marshak J14 Convent Ave, & 138th Street. New York, NY 10031 (212) 650-8854 NYC LSAMP Summer 2015 Research Participants From June

  20. What Is Clean Cities? Clean Cities Fact Sheet April 2009 (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2009-04-01

    Fact sheet describes the Clean Cities program and includes the contact information for its 86 active coalitions.

  1. Nonadiabatic molecular orientation by polarization-gated ultrashort laser pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen Cheng; Wu Jian; Zeng Heping [State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062 (China)

    2010-09-15

    We show that the nonadiabatic orientation of diatomic polar molecules can be controlled by polarization-gated ultrashort laser pulses. By finely adjusting the time interval between two circularly polarized pulses of different wavelengths but the same helicity, the orientation direction of the molecules can be twirled. A cloverlike potential is created by using two circularly polarized laser pulses of different wavelengths and opposite helicity, leading to multidirectional molecular orientation along the potential wells, which can be well revealed by a high-order statistics metric of <>.

  2. Gates County, North Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy ResourcesMaui Area (DOEMaui AreaGastonGates County,

  3. Gates Mills, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy ResourcesMaui Area (DOEMaui AreaGastonGates

  4. Gate Hours & Services | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunities Nuclearlong version)shortGate Hours & Services

  5. Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E CChinaC L SLooking at Transistor Gate

  6. City-Level Energy Decision Making. Data Use in Energy Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation in U.S. Cities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aznar, Alexandra; Day, Megan; Doris, Elizabeth; Mathur, Shivani; Donohoo-Vallett, Paul

    2015-07-08

    The Cities-LEAP technical report, City-Level Energy Decision Making: Data Use in Energy Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation in U.S. Cities, explores how a sample of cities incorporates data into making energy-related decisions. This report provides the foundation for forthcoming components of the Cities-LEAP project that will help cities improve energy decision making by mapping specific city energy or climate policies and actions to measurable impacts and results.

  7. The City College of New York Of the City University of New York

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yi

    The City College of New York Of the City University of New York Bernard and Anne Spitzer School of Architecture Room 113, 140 Convent Avenue, New York, N.Y 10031 Tel: 212.650.7118, Fax 212.650.6566, E School of Architecture at The City College of New York: 1. File a CUNY Freshman or Transfer Application

  8. Bio PowerBio Power The City of Gresham WastewaterThe City of Gresham Wastewater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prevedouros, Panos D.

    power=small scale turbinehydro power=small scale turbineMicroMicro--hydro power=small scale turbinehydro Power Micro-Hydro Power #12;Awards League of Oregon Cities 2006 Award of Excellence American PublicBio PowerBio Power The City of Gresham WastewaterThe City of Gresham Wastewater Treatment Plant

  9. RESOLUTION NO. 2013-44 A RESOLUTION OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF NEEDLES,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    endeavored to procure RPS by signing a Purchase Power Agreement with a solar developer who could not perform portfolio standard (RPS); and WHEREAS, the City ofNeedles (CITY) power portfolio is highly concentrated in inexpensive hydroelectric power (48%); and WHEREAS, CITY's universe of electric ratepayers is very small

  10. Saving Carnegie Hall: A Case Study of Historic Preservation in Postwar New York City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmitz, Sandra Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    Riegger Papers Box 5. New York City Performing Arts Library.City: The Passage of New York City’s Landmark PreservationProposal Would Trim New York City’s List of Potential

  11. SU-E-J-45: Design and Study of An In-House Respiratory Gating Phantom Platform for Gated Radiotherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Senthilkumar, S

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: The main purpose of this work was to develop an in-house low cost respiratory motion phantom platform for testing the accuracy of the gated radiotherapy system and analyze the dosimetric difference during gated radiotherapy. Methods: An in-house respiratory motion platform(RMP) was designed and constructed for testing the targeting accuracy of respiratory tracking system. The RMP consist of acrylic Chest Wall Platform, 2 DC motors, 4 IR sensors, speed controller circuit, 2 LED and 2 moving rods inside the RMP. The velocity of the movement can be varied from 0 to 30 cycles per minute. The platform mounted to a base using precision linear bearings. The base and platform are made of clear, 15mm thick polycarbonate plastic and the linear ball bearings are oriented to restrict the platform to a movement of approximately 50mm up and down with very little friction. Results: The targeting accuracy of the respiratory tracking system was evaluated using phantom with and without respiratory movement with varied amplitude. We have found the 5% dose difference to the PTV during the movement in comparison with stable PTV. The RMP can perform sinusoidal motion in 1D with fixed peak to peak motion of 5 to 50mm and cycle interval from 2 to 6 seconds. The RMP was designed to be able to simulate the gross anatomical anterior posterior motion attributable to respiration-induced motion of the thoracic region. Conclusion: The unique RMP simulates breathing providing the means to create a comprehensive program for commissioning, training, quality assurance and dose verification of gated radiotherapy treatments. Create the anterior/posterior movement of a target over a 5 to 50 mm distance to replicate tumor movement. The targeting error of the respiratory tracking system is less than 1.0 mm which shows suitable for clinical treatment with highly performance.

  12. The City College of New York Graduate Bulletin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yi

    The City College of New York Graduate Bulletin #12;The City College Graduate Bulletin The City The City College of New York, 2013­2015 Undergraduate Bulletin represents the academic policies be found on The City College of New York web site. For matters of academic policy (e.g., applicable degree

  13. M2M for Smart Cities Gerd Ascheid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the city. For example, Monitoring of the pollution concentration in each street. Water leaks canM2M for Smart Cities Gerd Ascheid #12;Agenda What is a "Smart City"? Cellular System based M2M Cities and Communities Source: http://eu-smartcities.eu 3 #12;What Elements Make a City ,,Smart" ? Smart

  14. StudyAbroad@Exeter Mexico City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mumby, Peter J.

    StudyAbroad@Exeter ITESM Mexico City Mexico The University The Instituto Tecnologico y de Estudios.edu/wps/wcm/connect/ITESM/Tecnologico+de+Monterrey/English Location Tecnologico de Monterrey, Campus Estado de Mexico is located in a very quiet zone in the municipality of Atizapan to the northwest of the metropolitan area of Mexico City. The campus was founded

  15. Clean Cities Now Vol. 17, No. 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-10-23

    The Fall 2013 issue of the biannual newsletter for the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities initiative. The newsletter includes feature stories on deployment of alternative fuels and advanced vehicles, and articles on Clean Cities coalition successes across the country.

  16. City Sketching University of Cape Town

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gain, James

    , buildings, plants and cities have been used effectively in computer games, visual effects and virtual. In general, City Sketching provides a powerful and intuitive interface for designing complex urban layouts. In the most extreme instance an entire virtual world can burgeon from a single pseudo-random seed. However

  17. Clean Cities 2010 Annual Metrics Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, C.

    2012-10-01

    This report details the petroleum savings and vehicle emissions reductions achieved by the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities program in 2010. The report also details other performance metrics, including the number of stakeholders in Clean Cities coalitions, outreach activities by coalitions and national laboratories, and alternative fuel vehicles deployed.

  18. Clean Cities 2011 Annual Metrics Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, C.

    2012-12-01

    This report details the petroleum savings and vehicle emissions reductions achieved by the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities program in 2011. The report also details other performance metrics, including the number of stakeholders in Clean Cities coalitions, outreach activities by coalitions and national laboratories, and alternative fuel vehicles deployed.

  19. Housing market report Capital city market report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Richard

    Housing market report Capital city market report Prepared February 2014 Dr Andrew Wilson, Senior mortgage interest rates, the current, once in a decade energy of the Sydney housing market is set house price growth since 2009 with the median house price increasing by 9.8 percent. All capital cities

  20. Clean Cities Now, Vol. 18, No. 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-04-30

    The Spring 2014 edition of the semi-annual newsletter for the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities initiative. The newsletter includes feature stories on deployment of alternative fuels and advanced vehicles, and articles on Clean Cities coalition successes across the country.

  1. Investigation of hole mobility in gate-all-around Si nanowire p-MOSFETs with high-k/metal-gate: Effects of hydrogen thermal annealing and nanowire shape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hashemi, Pouya

    A detailed study of hole mobility is presented for gate-all-around Si nanowire p-MOSFETs with conformal high-?/MG and various high-temperature hydrogen annealing processes. Hole mobility enhancement relative to planar SOI ...

  2. An International Review of Eco-City Theory, Indicators, and Case Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2014-01-01

    21 5. SHIFT TOWARDS SMART CITIES? (~2008–SMART” CITIES Resilient,” and “Smart” Cities Summary of Part I: This

  3. Workshop on gate valve pressure locking and thermal binding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, E.J.

    1995-07-01

    The purpose of the Workshop on Gate Valve Pressure Locking and Thermal Binding was to discuss pressure locking and thermal binding issues that could lead to inoperable gate valves in both boiling water and pressurized water reactors. The goal was to foster exchange of information to develop the technical bases to understand the phenomena, identify the components that are susceptible, discuss actual events, discuss the safety significance, and illustrate known corrective actions that can prevent or limit the occurrence of pressure locking or thermal binding. The presentations were structured to cover U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff evaluation of operating experience and planned regulatory activity; industry discussions of specific events, including foreign experience, and efforts to determine causes and alleviate the affects; and valve vendor experience and recommended corrective action. The discussions indicated that identifying valves susceptible to pressure locking and thermal binding was a complex process involving knowledge of components, systems, and plant operations. The corrective action options are varied and straightforward.

  4. City of Tallahassee Innovative Energy Initiatives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilder, Todd; Moragne, Corliss L.

    2014-06-25

    The City of Tallahassee's Innovative Energy Initiatives program sought, first, to evaluate customer response and acceptance to in-home Smart Meter-enabled technologies that allow customers intelligent control of their energy usage. Additionally, this project is in furtherance of the City of Tallahassee's ongoing efforts to expand and enhance the City's Smart Grid capacity and give consumers more tools with which to effectively manage their energy consumption. This enhancement would become possible by establishing an "operations or command center" environment that would be designed as a dual use facility for the City's employees - field and network staff - and systems responsible for a Smart Grid network. A command center would also support the City's Office of Electric Delivery and Energy Reliability's objective to overcome barriers to the deployment of new technologies that will ensure a truly modern and robust grid capable of meeting the demands of the 2151 century.

  5. Constructing Quantum Logic Gates Using q-Deformed Harmonic Oscillator Algebras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azmi Ali Altintas; Fatih Ozaydin; Can Yesilyurt; Sinan Bugu; Metin Arik

    2015-04-23

    We study two-level q-deformed angular momentum states and us- ing q-deformed harmonic oscillators, we provide a framework for con- structing qubits and quantum gates. We also present the construction of some basic quantum gates including CNOT, SWAP, Toffoli and Fredkin.

  6. Z-Gate Operation on a Superconducting Flux Qubit via Its Readout SQUID

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, X.?Y.

    Detuning a superconducting qubit from its rotating frame is one means to implement a Z-gate operation. In this work, we implement a Z gate by pulsing a current through the qubit’s readout dc SQUID. While the dc SQUID acts ...

  7. Gating Currents from Kv7 Channels Carrying Neuronal Hyperexcitability Mutations in the Voltage-Sensing Domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bezanilla, Francisco

    unable to provide a detailed assessment of the structural rearrangements underlying channel gating.2 channels both functionally and structurally, were used for these experiments. The data obtained showed activation of gating-pore currents at depolarized potentials. These results reveal that distinct molecular

  8. THE SMALL SIGNAL AMPLIFICATION OF THE GATED DIODE OPERATED IN BREAKDOWN REGIME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    capacitance of approximately 4pF. Figure 1 - Cross section of the gated diode. The device was fabricated impedance given by the pn junction avalanche regime. The cross section of the utilized device is presented and the area of the gate gives a capacitance of approximately 4pF. 2. DC Measurements In order to set the bias

  9. [ ]February 2014 The original 1957 Gates pile driving formula is an empirically derived dynamic formula

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    [ ]February 2014 PROBLEM The original 1957 Gates pile driving formula is an empirically derived dynamic formula that is used to predict pile capacity in the field during pile installation.The original Gates formula tends to over-predict pile capacity for low driving resistances and under-predict pile

  10. Fig. 1. Schematic of gating operation driven by centrifugal force. (a) shows top view of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Debjyoti

    R1 R2 (a) Pm (b) Fig. 1. Schematic of gating operation driven by centrifugal force. (a) shows top-expanding opening. Liquid pressure at the meniscus is Pm. DESIGN ANALYSES OF CAPILLARY BURST VALVES IN CENTRIFUGAL, Capillary Gating, Centrifugal force, FlumeCAD I. Introduction There is a wide interest in micron

  11. Quantum Process Tomography of a Universal Entangling Gate Implemented with Josephson Phase Qubits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinis, John M.

    . Experiments using superconducting qubits have validated the truth table for particular implementations of e the performance of a universal entangling gate between two superconducting quantum bits. Process tomography . The SQiSW is a "natural" two-qubit gate as it directly results from capacitive coupling of superconducting

  12. Logic gates at the surface code threshold: Superconducting qubits poised for fault-tolerant quantum computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinis, John M.

    Logic gates at the surface code threshold: Superconducting qubits poised for fault-tolerant quantum circuits, and is compatible with microfabrication. For superconducting qubits the surface code7 99%. Here, we demonstrate a universal set of logic gates in a superconducting multi-qubit processor

  13. Microfluidic logic gates and timers{ Michael W. Toepke, Vinay V. Abhyankar and David J. Beebe*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beebe, David J.

    Microfluidic logic gates and timers{ Michael W. Toepke, Vinay V. Abhyankar and David J. Beebe to create a number of microfluidic analogs to electronic circuit components. Three classes of components are demonstrated: (1) OR/AND, NOR/NAND, and XNOR digital microfluidic logic gates; (2) programmable, autonomous

  14. Gated frequency-resolved optical imaging with an optical parametric amplifier

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cameron, Stewart M. (Albuquerque, NM); Bliss, David E. (Tijeras, NM); Kimmel, Mark W. (Edgewood, NM); Neal, Daniel R. (Tijeras, NM)

    1999-01-01

    A system for detecting objects in a turbid media utilizes an optical parametric amplifier as an amplifying gate for received light from the media. An optical gating pulse from a second parametric amplifier permits the system to respond to and amplify only ballistic photons from the object in the media.

  15. Gated frequency-resolved optical imaging with an optical parametric amplifier

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cameron, S.M.; Bliss, D.E.; Kimmel, M.W.; Neal, D.R.

    1999-08-10

    A system for detecting objects in a turbid media utilizes an optical parametric amplifier as an amplifying gate for received light from the media. An optical gating pulse from a second parametric amplifier permits the system to respond to and amplify only ballistic photons from the object in the media. 13 figs.

  16. STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR TUBE "A1-GateOx" furnace in TRL.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, Rafael

    STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR TUBE "A1-GateOx" furnace in TRL. INTRODUCTION Tube "A1-Gate. Three Eurotherm temperature controllers provide a 20 inch long, flat profile in the Center Zone the special heat resistant gloves to handle those parts PROCEDURE. 1) "ENGAGE" the machine in CORAL for TRL

  17. Graphene field-effect transistors based on boron nitride gate dielectrics Inanc Meric1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepard, Kenneth

    Graphene field-effect transistors based on boron nitride gate dielectrics Inanc Meric1 , Cory Dean1, 10027 Tel: (212) 854-2529, Fax: (212) 932-9421, Email: shepard@ee.columbia.edu Abstract Graphene field of graphene, as the gate dielectric. The devices ex- hibit mobility values exceeding 10,000 cm2 /V

  18. Nanocrystals Embedded Zirconium-doped Hafnium Oxide High-k Gate Dielectric Films 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Chen-Han

    2012-10-19

    nanoparticles. These results can be important to the novel metal gate/high-k/Si MOS structure. The Ru-modified ZrHfO gate dielectric film showed a large breakdown voltage and a long lifetime. The conventional polycrystalline Si (poly-Si) charge trapping layer...

  19. Sulfur surface chemistry on the platinum gate of a silicon carbide based hydrogen sensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobin, Roger G.

    Sulfur surface chemistry on the platinum gate of a silicon carbide based hydrogen sensor Yung Ho September 2007 We have investigated the effects of sulfur contamination on a Pt-gate silicon carbide based monitoring, solid-oxide fuel cells, and coal gasification, require operation at much higher temperatures than

  20. Coherent molecular transistor: Control through variation of the gate wave function

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernzerhof, Matthias

    2014-03-21

    In quantum interference transistors (QUITs), the current through the device is controlled by variation of the gate component of the wave function that interferes with the wave function component joining the source and the sink. Initially, mesoscopic QUITs have been studied and more recently, QUITs at the molecular scale have been proposed and implemented. Typically, in these devices the gate lead is subjected to externally adjustable physical parameters that permit interference control through modifications of the gate wave function. Here, we present an alternative model of a molecular QUIT in which the gate wave function is directly considered as a variable and the transistor operation is discussed in terms of this variable. This implies that we specify the gate current as well as the phase of the gate wave function component and calculate the resulting current through the source-sink channel. Thus, we extend on prior works that focus on the phase of the gate wave function component as a control parameter while having zero or certain discrete values of the current. We address a large class of systems, including finite graphene flakes, and obtain analytic solutions for how the gate wave function controls the transistor.

  1. Integrated Results for Dual Low Voltage IC Based High and Low Side Gate Drive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , electronicballast I. INTRODUCTION High and low side gate drivers are required in most switching power converters Zane Colorado Power Electronics Center (CoPEC) Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, UCB design for high and low side gate drive is presented based on use of two identical low voltage ICs

  2. High performance electrolyte-gated carbon nanotube transistors Sami Rosenblatt1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McEuen, Paul L.

    1 High performance electrolyte-gated carbon nanotube transistors Sami Rosenblatt1 , Yuval Yaish1 , Jiwoong Park1,2 , Jeff Gore2 , Vera Sazonova1 , and Paul L. McEuen1 1 Laboratory of Atomic and Solid State, annealing to improve the contacts, and an electrolyte as a gate, we obtain very high device mobilites

  3. High-Aspect Ratio Deep Sub-Micron -Si Gate Etch Process Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grizzle, Jessy W.

    .-M. Park Mask U of M Industry Industry Goal · High throughput · Good morphology · Minimum gate oxide damage1 High-Aspect Ratio Deep Sub-Micron -Si Gate Etch Process Control H.-M. Park, T. L. Brock, D · Blank sample ·Patterned sample · Conclusion H.-M. Park #12;3 Etching Process of Deep Sub

  4. Lifetime of high-k gate dielectrics and analogy with strength of quasibrittle Jia-Liang Le,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bazant, Martin Z.

    for breakdown lifetime increases in proportion to the thickness of the oxide layer and suggests new ideas in the gate oxide layer induces the trap-assisted tunneling process, which leads to the gate leakage current

  5. City Knowledge Patterns: A standard for Smart City Knowledge management Nooshin Allahyari, Mark S. Fox, and Michael Gruninger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yu

    City Knowledge Patterns: A standard for Smart City Knowledge management Nooshin Allahyari, Mark S in recogniz- ing knowledge requirements of city government. This model, which we denote as City Knowledge category of the city government, and is comprised of a set of inter-relate concepts and attributes

  6. Environmental Survey preliminary report, Kansas City Plant, Kansas City, Missouri

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-01-01

    This report presents the preliminary findings from the first phase of the Environmental Survey of the United States Department of Energy (DOE), Kansas City Plant (KCP), conducted March 23 through April 3, 1987. The Survey is being conducted by a multidisciplinary team of environmental specialists, led and managed by the Office of Environment, Safety and Health's Office of Environmental Audit. Individual team members are outside experts being supplied by a private contractor. The objective of the Survey is to identify environmental problems and areas of environmental risk associated with the KCP. The Survey covers all environmental media and all areas of environmental regulations. It is being performed in accordance with the DOE Environmental Survey Manual. This phase of the Survey involves the review of existing site environmental data observations of the operations performed at the KCP, and interviews with site personnel. The Survey team developed a Sampling and Analysis Plan to assist in further assessing certain environmental problems identified during its on-site activities. The Sampling and Analysis Plan is being executed by DOE's Argonne National Laboratory. When completed, the results will be incorporated into the KCP Environmental Survey Interim Report. The Interim Report will reflect the final determinations of the KCP Survey. 94 refs., 39 figs., 55 tabs.

  7. EA-344-A Twin Cities Power | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    344-A Twin Cities Power EA-344-A Twin Cities Power Order authorizing Royal Bank of Canada to export electric energy to Canada EA-344-A Twin Cities Power More Documents &...

  8. Changing Cities and Directions: New York and Los Angeles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halle, David; Beveridge, Andrew A.

    2008-01-01

    York: Random House. New York City Department of Planning,urban researchers in New York City and the region whose workto discussion of New York City. For example, Manhattan-

  9. The Health of Undocumented Mexicans in New York City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    López, Gerald P.

    2013-01-01

    64 The Health of Undocumented Mexicans in New York City 4.of Undocumented Mexicans in New York City If these were notimmigrant immigrants in New York City, one of a slate of

  10. STUDENT MANUAL SCHOOL OF CITY AND REGIONAL PLANNING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    STUDENT MANUAL SCHOOL OF CITY AND REGIONAL PLANNING COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY MASTER OF CITY AND REGIONAL PLANNING ........................................................................................... 1 III. CITY AND REGIONAL PLANNING FACULTY AND STAFF, 20132014

  11. Xochimilco es Hogar : place attachment and belonging in Mexico City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jung, M. Bin (Melanie Bin)

    2014-01-01

    Mexico City is a sprawling megalopolis of 22 million inhabitants with new residents moving into the city daily. The city's growth is spatially uneven; the southern delegation of Xochimilco has been experiencing rapid ...

  12. City of Boulder- Solar Sales and Use Tax Rebate

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Out of the sales and use taxes paid to the City of Boulder for solar projects, approximately 55% of revenues go to restricted funds. Within one year of the city’s final inspection, solar project ...

  13. EECBG Success Story: Gulf Coast's Texas City Sees Easy Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    By replacing T-12 lights with more efficient T-8 units, Texas City will save 65.5 kW each year. | Courtesy of the City of Texas City, Texas By replacing T-12 lights with more...

  14. Spatial stratification of street vendors in downtown Mexico City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baroni, Bruno Nazim

    2007-01-01

    The fight for space between city administrators and street vendors working in city centers is one of the major controversies about street commerce. Trying to renew and upgrade their downtowns, city administrators of most ...

  15. Charge Trapping Characteristics of SONOS Capacitors with Control Gates of Different Work Functions during Program/Erase Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jong Duk

    (3.2 eV), which gives higher probability of the electron tunneling from control gate to the silicon traps as its program mechanism. When a positive bias stress is applied on the control gate, electrons gate and top oxide tunnel into the silicon nitride layer and recombine with holes which are trapped

  16. Glitch Power Minimization by Gate Freezing L. Benini3 G. De Micheli A. Maciiz E. Maciiz M. Poncinoz R. Scarsiz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Micheli, Giovanni

    Glitch Power Minimization by Gate Freezing L. Benini3 G. De Micheli A. Maciiz E. Maciiz M freezing idea we present in this paper. Di erently from gate freezing, the techniques above are applied before placement and routing. We have applied the gate freezing procedure to the Iscas'85 benchmarks 2

  17. A City Is a Complex Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Bin

    2015-01-01

    A city is not a tree but a semi-lattice. To use a more fashionable term, a city is a complex network. The complex network constitutes a unique topological perspective on cities and enables us to better understand the kind of problem a city is. The topological perspective differentiates it from the perspectives of Euclidean geometry and Gaussian statistics that deal with essentially regular shapes and more or less similar things. Many urban theories, such as the Central Place Theory, Zipf's Law, the Image of the City, and the Theory of Centers can be interpreted from the point of view of complex networks. A livable city consists of far more small things than large ones, and their shapes tend to be irregular and rough. This chapter illustrates the complex network view and argues that we must abandon the kind of thinking guided by Euclidean geometry and Gaussian statistics, and instead adopt fractal geometry, power-law statistics, and Alexander's living geometry to develop sustainable cities. Keywords: Scaling, ...

  18. The hydrographic city : mapping Mexico City's urban form in relation to its aquatic condition, 1521-1700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez, John F., 1971-

    2013-01-01

    Mexico City is a special case in urban history because the measures taken by the Aztec and Spanish to avoid inundations have fundamentally changed the city's character. In 1521, it was an island-city; in 1629, it lay near ...

  19. City of Portland- Streamlined Building Permits for Residential Solar Systems

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The City of Portland's Bureau of Development Services (BDS) developed a streamlined permitting process for residential solar energy system installations. The City of Portland has staff at the...

  20. Clean Cities Now, Vol. 11, No. 2 - April 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2007-04-01

    Clean Cities Now is the official publication of the Clean Cities initiative. Articles include program-specific news, coalition news, industry news, and more.

  1. Orlando, Florida: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    America City. By the time of this designation, the city already had ambitious plans for a green energy future in collaboration with Orlando Utilities Commission's (OUC) renewable...

  2. City in Colorado Fueling Vehicles with Gas Produced from Wastewater...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    City in Colorado Fueling Vehicles with Gas Produced from Wastewater Treatment Facility City in Colorado Fueling Vehicles with Gas Produced from Wastewater Treatment Facility April...

  3. Clean Cities Now, Vol. 12, No. 3 - July 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2008-07-01

    Clean Cities Now is the official newsletter of DOE's Clean Cities program. It includes articles on coalition activities, fleet and stakeholder success stories, and helpful resources.

  4. Energy Department Recognizes City of Roanoke, VA for Leadership...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    projects in the city's portfolio. The team of professionals installed a highly efficient cooling system, which cut cooling costs by 50 percent. The city also upgraded to high...

  5. Transitioning Kentucky Off Oil: An Interview with Clean Cities...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Transitioning Kentucky Off Oil: An Interview with Clean Cities Coordinator Melissa Howell Transitioning Kentucky Off Oil: An Interview with Clean Cities Coordinator Melissa Howell...

  6. Energy Department Partners with State, City and Industry Stakeholders...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    State, City and Industry Stakeholders to Help Hoboken Region Improve Its Electric Grid in the Aftermath of Hurricane Sandy Energy Department Partners with State, City and Industry...

  7. Kansas City Field Office | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Us Our Operations Management and Budget Office of Civil Rights Workforce Statistics Kansas City Field Office Kansas City Field Office FY15 Semi Annual Report FY14...

  8. City of Klamath Falls District Heating District Heating Low Temperatur...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    City of Klamath Falls District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name City of Klamath Falls District Heating District Heating...

  9. Boise City Geothermal District Heating District Heating Low Temperatur...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Boise City Geothermal District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Boise City Geothermal District Heating District Heating...

  10. University of Houston and City of Houston: Collaboration to Determine...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Houston and City of Houston: Collaboration to Determine Best Solutions for Diesel Emission Reductions University of Houston and City of Houston: Collaboration to Determine Best...

  11. Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 4B Albuquerque, New Mexico Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 4B Albuquerque, New...

  12. Independent Oversight Focused Review, Kansas City Plant, Summary...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Review, Kansas City Plant, Summary Report - December 2001 Independent Oversight Focused Review, Kansas City Plant, Summary Report - December 2001 December 2001 Focused Review of...

  13. City of Pittsburgh Implementation Model: Green Initiatives Trust...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Model: Green Initiatives Trust Fund City of Pittsburgh implementation model, Green initiatives trust fund. Author: U. S. Department of Energy City of Pittsburgh...

  14. Portland, Oregon: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Portland, Oregon: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Portland, Oregon: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities,...

  15. Myanmar-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Myanmar-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states, districts) Jump to: navigation, search Name Myanmar-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states,...

  16. Vietnam-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Vietnam-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states, districts) Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states,...

  17. Cambodia-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cambodia-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states, districts) Jump to: navigation, search Name Cambodia-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states,...

  18. Indonesia-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Indonesia-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states, districts) Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states,...

  19. Recovery Act Funding Helps City Open Energy Efficient Community Center

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The City of Largo, Florida is celebrating the opening of its new energy efficient Community Center that will help the city save money by saving energy.

  20. Focus Series: Philadelphia Energyworks: In the City of Brotherly...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Philadelphia Energyworks: In the City of Brotherly Love, Sharing Know-How Leads to Sustainability Focus Series: Philadelphia Energyworks: In the City of Brotherly Love, Sharing...

  1. Quarterly Biomass Program/Clean Cities States Web Conference...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Quarterly Biomass ProgramClean Cities States Web Conference: January 21, 2010 Quarterly Biomass ProgramClean Cities States Web Conference: January 21, 2010 Presentation from the...

  2. City of Fort Collins Comment on Information Collection Extension...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2011 City of Fort Collins Comment on Information Collection Extension, October 2011 The City of Fort Collins provided comments to the Department of Energy's notice of intent to...

  3. Fact #663: February 21, 2011 Clean Cities Program Petroleum Displaceme...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3: February 21, 2011 Clean Cities Program Petroleum Displacement Estimates for 2009 Fact 663: February 21, 2011 Clean Cities Program Petroleum Displacement Estimates for 2009 Each...

  4. Clean Cities Now, Vol. 13, No.1 - February 2009 (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2009-02-01

    Clean Cities Now is the official newsletter of DOE's Clean Cities program. It includes articles on coalition activities, fleet and stakeholder success stories, and helpful resources.

  5. New York City Benchmarking and Transparency Policy Impact Evaluation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    New York City Benchmarking and Transparency Policy Impact Evaluation Report New York City Benchmarking and Transparency Policy Impact Evaluation Report Prepared for the U.S....

  6. Orlando, Florida: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Orlando, Florida: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Orlando, Florida: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities,...

  7. Denver, Colorado: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Denver, Colorado: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Denver, Colorado: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities,...

  8. City of Houston Joins Better Buildings Challenge, Partners with...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    City of Houston Joins Better Buildings Challenge, Partners with Energy Department to Reduce Energy Waste and Boost Efficiency City of Houston Joins Better Buildings Challenge,...

  9. Houston, Texas: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Houston, Texas: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Houston, Texas: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities,...

  10. Troops Marching through a City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    Thicket National Preserve There was no zoning map available for Liberty County, therefore the existing land uses of the City of Cleveland will be analyzed. There are several pockets of vacant land in the city but they seem to be too close... to the ?oodplain and not desirable for develop- ment. I am uncertain as to whether the City of Cleveland will sup- port future land uses. If there is future development Liberty County can annex some of the land to the south. ? Founded in 1836 in the pre-civil war...

  11. City of Omaha, Nebraska | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButte County,Camilla,ThermalCuba City,(RedirectedMinneapolis,CityCity of

  12. Procedures for realizing an approximate universal NOT gate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeongho Bang; Seung-Woo Lee; Hyunseok Jeong; Jinhyoung Lee

    2012-12-19

    We consider procedures to realize an approximate universal NOT gate in terms of average fidelity and fidelity deviation. The average fidelity indicates the optimality of operation on average, while the fidelity deviation does the universality of operation. We show that one-qubit operations have a sharp trade-off relation between average fidelity and fidelity deviation, and two-qubit operations show a looser trade-off relation. The genuine universality holds for operations of more than two qubits, and those of even more qubits are beneficial to compensating imperfection of control. In addition, we take into account operational noises which contaminate quantum operation in realistic circumstances. We show that the operation recovers from the contamination by a feedback procedure of differential evolution. Our feedback scheme is also applicable to finding an optimal and universal operation of NOT.

  13. Gas-controlled dynamic vacuum insulation with gas gate

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Potter, Thomas F. (Denver, CO)

    1994-06-07

    Disclosed is a dynamic vacuum insulation comprising sidewalls enclosing an evacuated chamber and gas control means for releasing hydrogen gas into a chamber to increase gas molecule conduction of heat across the chamber and retrieving hydrogen gas from the chamber. The gas control means includes a metal hydride that absorbs and retains hydrogen gas at cooler temperatures and releases hydrogen gas at hotter temperatures; a hydride heating means for selectively heating the metal hydride to temperatures high enough to release hydrogen gas from the metal hydride; and gate means positioned between the metal hydride and the chamber for selectively allowing hydrogen to flow or not to flow between said metal hydride and said chamber.

  14. Gas-controlled dynamic vacuum insulation with gas gate

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Benson, D.K.; Potter, T.F.

    1994-06-07

    Disclosed is a dynamic vacuum insulation comprising sidewalls enclosing an evacuated chamber and gas control means for releasing hydrogen gas into a chamber to increase gas molecule conduction of heat across the chamber and retrieving hydrogen gas from the chamber. The gas control means includes a metal hydride that absorbs and retains hydrogen gas at cooler temperatures and releases hydrogen gas at hotter temperatures; a hydride heating means for selectively heating the metal hydride to temperatures high enough to release hydrogen gas from the metal hydride; and gate means positioned between the metal hydride and the chamber for selectively allowing hydrogen to flow or not to flow between said metal hydride and said chamber. 25 figs.

  15. CapaCity In the Sky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rouben, Dawood F

    2009-01-01

    Manhattan, as a model of a city with little room for lateral growth, is a good example of one driven by verticality. But verticality has its drawbacks with little light penetrating the dense urban jungle, populated by its ...

  16. UN2 : reconfiguring the world city

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, James D., M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01

    The establishment of the United Nations' "permanent headquarters" in New York City was hailed as an epochal triumph: the era of post-war internationality- in terms of global politics and architectural modernism--was to be ...

  17. The Comprehensive Plan City of Madisonville, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dell, Lisa M; Akinsanya, Yele; Hartmann, Laurie; Miesch, Katrina; Tidwell, John; Brown, Dale; Johnson, Michael; Mitchell, Gary; Williams, Mark

    1989-01-01

    Public goals and policies were analyzed. Proposals for future land use and the central commercial core of were addressed in detail. Special attention was given to the economic development of the city. This document also ...

  18. Tactical cities : negotiating violence in Karachi, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yusuf, Huma

    2008-01-01

    This thesis examines the relationship between violence and urbanity. Using Karachi, Pakistan, as a case study, it asks how violent cities are imagined and experienced by their residents. The thesis draws on a variety of ...

  19. Frontal collision analysis of City Car

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neal, Terance (Terance K.)

    2009-01-01

    This experiment tests the proposed crash system of the CityCar. The car is to fold during the crash to help decrease the impact force experienced by the passengers. The experiment was conducted by running a simulation of ...

  20. City of Lompoc Utilities- PV Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    City of Lompoc Utilities provides rebates to its electric customers who purchase and install photovoltaic (PV) systems. The rebate is $1.00 per watt-AC. The incentive amount may not exceed 50% the...

  1. Sustainability transformations in Olympic host cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mokrushina, Ksenia

    2012-01-01

    The Olympic Games represent an unparalleled fast-track urban development opportunity for Olympic host cities. Taking the premise that the transformational effect of the Olympics has a potential to drive long-term urban ...

  2. Seattle City Light- New Construction Incentive Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Seattle City Light (SCL) works with the design teams of their commercial and industrial customers to create high performance buildings with low long-term operating costs. The utility provides...

  3. City of Charleston- CharlestonWISE Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    CharlestonWISE is an energy efficiency program for homeowners within the City of Charleston. The program offers up to $500 in instant rebates on completed home performance improvements for...

  4. The City of Jonestown: Wastewater Master Plan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunavant, Aaron; LaDue, Cassian; Rejcek, Kayla; Saaverda, Andrea; Luhutsky, Natalie; Marchetti, Thomas; Molina, Amy; Niao, Yan

    2015-04-27

    -wide wastewater collection system is an important step in creating a clean, safe environment for the public, especially as the city looks forward to a blooming commercial and residential sectors....

  5. City of Austin- Green Power Purchasing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Under the Austin Climate Protection Plan, the City Council has set numerous goals for renewable energy, energy efficiency, and carbon emission reductions with the overall goal of making Austin a ...

  6. City of Boulder- Solar Grant Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Solar Grant Program provides grants for PV and solar water heating installations on housing enrolled in the city's affordable housing program, site-based non-profit organizations, and low- to...

  7. Personalized routing for multitudes in smart cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Domenico, Manlio

    Human mobility in a city represents a fascinating complex system that combines social interactions, daily constraints and random explorations. New collections of data that capture human mobility not only help us to understand ...

  8. Clean Cities Annual Metrics Report 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, C.; Bergeron, P.

    2009-09-01

    This report summarizes the Department of Energy's Clean Cities coalition accomplishments in 2008, including petroleum displacement data, membership, funding, sales of alternative fuel blends, deployment of AFVs and HEVs, idle reduction initiatives, and fuel economy activities.

  9. City of Boulder- Climate Action Plan Fund

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Xcel Energy collects the tax for the city through its monthly customer utility billing. (Voluntary purchases of utility-provided wind power are exempt from the tax.) The tax rate, expiring March...

  10. Kansas City Completes Innovative Business Incubator | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The logo for EnergyWorks KC. The Blue Hills Business Center and Contractor Incubator is now open This Kansas City, Missouri, center has been a collaborative effort between...

  11. Solar America City - San Diego, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2008-05-01

    This fact sheet highlights San Diego, California, as a DOE Solar America City. Through various collaborations at the local level, San Diego has a goal of 50 megawatts of solar installed by 2010.

  12. Murray City Power- Net Metering Pilot Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Under a pilot program, Murray City Power offers net metering to customers that generate electricity using photovoltaic (PV), wind-electric or hydroelectric systems with a maximum capacity of 10...

  13. Date ______________________ New York City Fire Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia, Songtao

    Date ______________________ New York City Fire Department Bureau of Fire Prevention 9 Metro-Tech Brooklyn, New York 11201 ­ 5884 Dear Sir / Madam: I am pleased to recommend Street, New York, NY 10027 212-854-8749 #12;

  14. City of Asheville- Building Permit Fee Waiver

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The City of Asheville waives fees for building permits and plan reviews for certain renewable energy technologies and green building certifications for homes and mixed-use commercial buildings....

  15. City of Auburn Hills (Text Version)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Narrator: Clean Energy Coalition is working under a grant from the United States Department of Energy in collaboration with Clean Cities of Greater Lansing, NextEnergy, and over forty other project...

  16. Clean Cities Annual Metrics Report 2009 (Revised)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, C.

    2011-08-01

    Document provides Clean Cities coalition metrics about the use of alternative fuels; the deployment of alternative fuel vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), and idle reduction initiatives; fuel economy activities; and programs to reduce vehicle miles driven.

  17. City of Healdsburg- PV Incentive Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Through the City of Healdsburg's PV Buy-down Program, residential and commercial customers are eligible for rebate on qualifying grid-connected PV systems. In keeping with SB1, (the California...

  18. The scaling of income inequality in cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarkar, Somwrita; Simpson, Roderick; Wasnik, Sachin

    2015-01-01

    Developing a scientific understanding of cities in a fast urbanizing world is essential for planning sustainable urban systems. Recently, it was shown that income and wealth creation follow increasing returns, scaling superlinearly with city size. We study scaling of per capita incomes for separate census defined income categories against population size for the whole of Australia. Across several urban area definitions, we find that lowest incomes grow just linearly or sublinearly ($\\beta = 0.94$ to $1.00$), whereas highest incomes grow superlinearly ($\\beta = 1.00$ to $1.21$), with total income just superlinear ($\\beta = 1.03$ to $1.05$). These findings support the earlier finding: the bigger the city, the richer the city. But, we also see an emergent metric of inequality: the larger the population size and densities of a city, higher incomes grow more quickly than lower, suggesting a disproportionate agglomeration of incomes in the highest income categories in big cities. Because there are many more people ...

  19. What is Clean Cities? October 2011 (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-10-01

    Brochure describes the Clean Cities program and includes the contact information for its 85 coalitions. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP), Clean Cities is a government-industry partnership that reduces petroleum consumption in the transportation sector. Clean Cities contributes to the energy, environmental, and economic security of the United States by supporting local decisions to reduce our dependence on imported petroleum. Established in 1993 in response to the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992, the partnership provides tools and resources for voluntary, community-centered programs to reduce consumption of petroleum-based fuels. In nearly 100 coalitions, government agencies and private companies voluntarily come together under the umbrella of Clean Cities. The partnership helps all parties identify mutual interests and meet the objectives of reducing the use of petroleum, developing regional economic opportunities, and improving air quality. Clean Cities deploys technologies and practices developed by VTP. These include idle-reduction equipment, electric-drive vehicles, fuel economy measures, and renewable and alternative fuels, such as natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (propane), electricity, hydrogen, biofuels, and biogas. Idle-reduction equipment is targeted primarily to buses and heavy-duty trucks, which use more than 2 billion gallons of fuel every year in the United States while idling. Clean Cities fuel economy measures include public education on vehicle choice and fuel-efficient driving practices.

  20. Optimized controlled Z gates for two superconducting qubits coupled through a resonator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. J. Egger; F. K. Wilhelm

    2013-06-28

    Superconducting qubits are a promising candidate for building a quantum computer. A continued challenge for fast yet accurate gates to minimize the effects of decoherence. Here we apply numerical methods to design fast entangling gates, specifically the controlled Z, in an architecture where two qubits are coupled via a resonator. We find that the gates can be sped up by a factor of two and reach any target fidelity. We also discuss how systematic errors arising from experimental conditions affect the pulses and how to remedy them, providing a strategy for the experimental implementation of our results. We discuss the shape of the pulses, their spectrum and symmetry.

  1. Adiabatic two-photon quantum gate operations using a long-range photonic bus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anthony P. Hope; Thach G. Nguyen; Arnan Mitchell; Andrew D. Greentree

    2014-12-01

    Adiabatic techniques have much potential to realise practical and robust optical waveguide devices. Traditionally photonic elements are limited to coupling schemes that rely on proximity to nearest neighbour elements. We combine adiabatic passage with a continuum based long-range optical bus to break free from such topological restraints and thereby outline a new approach to photonic quantum gate design. We explicitly show designs for adiabatic quantum gates that produce a Hadamard, 50:50 and 1/3:2/3 beam splitter, and non-deterministic CNOT gate based on planar thin, shallow ridge waveguides. Our calculations are performed under conditions of one and two-photon inputs.

  2. Design of a spin-wave majority gate employing mode selection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klingler, S. Pirro, P.; Brächer, T.; Leven, B.; Hillebrands, B.; Chumak, A. V.

    2014-10-13

    The design of a microstructured, fully functional spin-wave majority gate is presented and studied using micromagnetic simulations. This all-magnon logic gate consists of three-input waveguides, a spin-wave combiner, and an output waveguide. In order to ensure the functionality of the device, the output waveguide is designed to perform spin-wave mode selection. We demonstrate that the gate evaluates the majority of the input signals coded into the spin-wave phase. Moreover, the all-magnon data processing device is used to perform logic AND-, OR-, NAND-, and NOR- operations.

  3. MEXICO CITY Adam Miller, Brenna Ford, Kait Sakey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    MEXICO CITY CONGESTION Adam Miller, Brenna Ford, Kait Sakey #12;Introduction · Mexico City. · Including private operators(which carry about 60% of the traffic) the Mexico City passenger transport system handles about twice the passengers of the New York MTA. #12;IBM Commuter Pain Index #12;#12;Mexico City

  4. ICT nella Smart City Prof. R. Laurini Maggio 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurini, Robert

    ICT nella Smart City Prof. R. Laurini Maggio 2014 SK1_SEM - Smart City Manager per Ricercatori nella Smart City Docente: Prof. R. Laurini Professore emerito all'INSA di Lione Fellow del Knowledge preferenze dei clienti orientano le vendite promozionali ICT nella Smart City · 1 ­ Generalità sulle Smart

  5. Clean Cities Now, Vol. 14, No. 2, September 2010 (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-09-01

    Biannual newsletter focused on the nationwide accomplishments and activities of the Clean Cities program.

  6. Conducting Research in New York City Public Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Artemov, Sergei N.

    Conducting Research in New York City Public Schools PROPOSAL GUIDELINES THE NEW YORK CITY DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Joel I. Klein, Chancellor #12;The New York City Department of Education Review Committee was established in 1980 to screen external requests to conduct research in New York City

  7. A Gradual Reawakening: Broadacre City and a New American Agrarianism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wise, Ella

    2013-01-01

    Urban Agriculture from Detroit, Michigan. ” Urban Geographysites in the city of Detroit, Michigan alone (Colasanti,

  8. The Digital Skin of Cities: Urban Theory and Research in the Age of the Sensored and Metered City, Ubiquitous Computing, and Big Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabari, Chirag

    2013-01-01

    D. (2012, July 27). Smart Cities. CQ Researcher, 22, 645-D. (2011, November 30). Smart Cities for Dummies [web logsustainablecities/smart-cities-for- dummies Hummels, D. (

  9. Multi-images deconvolution improves signal-to-noise ratio on gated stimulated emission depletion microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Castello, Marco; Diaspro, Alberto; Vicidomini, Giuseppe

    2014-12-08

    Time-gated detection, namely, only collecting the fluorescence photons after a time-delay from the excitation events, reduces complexity, cost, and illumination intensity of a stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscope. In the gated continuous-wave- (CW-) STED implementation, the spatial resolution improves with increased time-delay, but the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) reduces. Thus, in sub-optimal conditions, such as a low photon-budget regime, the SNR reduction can cancel-out the expected gain in resolution. Here, we propose a method which does not discard photons, but instead collects all the photons in different time-gates and recombines them through a multi-image deconvolution. Our results, obtained on simulated and experimental data, show that the SNR of the restored image improves relative to the gated image, thereby improving the effective resolution.

  10. Shot noise in an electron waveguide square root of NOT gate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linda E. Reichl; Michael G. Snyder

    2006-01-17

    We present a calculation of the shot noise in a ballistic electron waveguide square root of NOT gate. A general expression for the shot noise in the leads connected to these types of gates is shown. We then parameterize an S-matrix which qualitatively describes the action of a square root of NOT gate previously found through numerical methods for GaAs/Al_xGa_{1-x}As based waveguides systems. Using this S-matrix, the shot noise in a single output lead and across two output leads is calculated. We find that the measurement of the shot noise across two output leads allows for the determination of the fidelity of the gate itself.

  11. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: GATE: Energy Efficient Vehicles for Sustainable Mobility

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given by The Ohio State University at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about GATE: energy...

  12. Improving Quantum Gate Fidelities by Using a Qubit to Measure Microwave Pulse Distortions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gustavsson, Simon

    We present a new method for determining pulse imperfections and improving the single-gate fidelity in a superconducting qubit. By applying consecutive positive and negative ? pulses, we amplify the qubit evolution due to ...

  13. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: GATE Center for Electric Drive Transportation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Regents University of Michigan at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about GATE Center...

  14. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: GATE Center of Excellence in Sustainable Vehicle Systems

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Clemson University at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about GATE center of excellence...

  15. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: DOE GATE Center of Excellence in Sustainable Vehicle Systems

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Clemson University at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about DOE GATE Center of...

  16. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: GATE: Energy Efficient Vehicles for Sustainable Mobility

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Ohio State University at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about GATE: energy efficient...

  17. CNT-based gas ionizers with integrated MEMS gate for portable mass spectrometry applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Velasquez-Garcia, Luis Fernando

    We report the fabrication and experimental characterization of a novel low-cost carbon nanotube (CNT)-based electron impact ionizer (EII) with integrated gate for portable mass spectrometry applications. The device achieves ...

  18. Energy-aware architectures, circuits and CAD for field programmable gate arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Honoré, Francis

    2006-01-01

    Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) are a class of hardware reconfigurable logic devices based on look-up tables (LUTs) and programmable interconnect that have found broad acceptance for a wide range of applications. ...

  19. Quantifying the quantum gate fidelity of single-atom spin qubits in silicon by randomized benchmarking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. T. Muhonen; A. Laucht; S. Simmons; J. P. Dehollain; R. Kalra; F. E. Hudson; S. Freer; K. M. Itoh; D. N. Jamieson; J. C. McCallum; A. S. Dzurak; A. Morello

    2014-10-09

    Building upon the demonstration of coherent control and single-shot readout of the electron and nuclear spins of individual 31-P atoms in silicon, we present here a systematic experimental estimate of quantum gate fidelities using randomized benchmarking of 1-qubit gates in the Clifford group. We apply this analysis to the electron and the ionized 31-P nucleus of a single P donor in isotopically purified 28-Si. We find average gate fidelities of 99.95 % for the electron, and 99.99 % for the nuclear spin. These values are above certain error correction thresholds, and demonstrate the potential of donor-based quantum computing in silicon. By studying the influence of the shape and power of the control pulses, we find evidence that the present limitation to the gate fidelity is mostly related to the external hardware, and not the intrinsic behaviour of the qubit.

  20. Electrolyte-gated graphene field-effect transistors : modeling and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mackin, Charles Edward

    2015-01-01

    This work presents a model for electrolyte-gated graphene field-effect transistors (EGFETs) that incorporates the effects of the double layer capacitance and the quantum capacitance of graphene. The model is validated ...

  1. Municipal Solid WasteMunicipal Solid Waste Landfills In CitiesLandfills In Cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    -Section of Closure #12;Schedule III ­ Gazette 19 & 21 Specifications for Landfill Cover Daily cover of 10cm of soil;Post Closure Care-Requirements The Post-closure care of landfill site shall be conducted for at leastMunicipal Solid WasteMunicipal Solid Waste Landfills In CitiesLandfills In Cities Arun

  2. Digging the New York City Skyline: Soil Fungal Communities in Green Roofs and City Parks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fierer, Noah

    Digging the New York City Skyline: Soil Fungal Communities in Green Roofs and City Parks Krista L of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, United States of America Abstract In urban environments, green roofs provide. However, little research has been done on the non-plant biota associated with green roofs, which likely

  3. Salt Lake City, Utah: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of Salt Lake City, UT, a 2007 Solar America City awardee, on the path toward becoming a solar-powered community. Accomplishments, case studies, key lessons learned, and local resource information are given.

  4. The Biomedical Engineering Department The City College of The City University of New York

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yi

    The Biomedical Engineering Department The City College of The City University of New York STRATEGIC of New York (CUNY) was established in 2002 after an evolutionary process that began with the formation of the New York Center for Biomedical Engineering (NYCBE) in 1994. Along the way the NYCBE became an official

  5. ORDINANCE NO. ________________ N.S. AN ORDINANCE OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FOR THE CONSTRUCTION AND/OR RENOVATION OF COMMERCIAL AND RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Now, therefore, the City Council that commercial and residential building renovations and construction projects are consistent with the City construction waste; c. To increase energy efficiency and conservation; and d. To promote the health

  6. Multi-qubit quantum phase gates based on surface plasmons of a nanosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jun Ren; Jun Yuan; Xiangdong Zhang

    2015-02-11

    The Dicke subradiance and superradiance resulting from the interaction between surface plasmons of a nanosphere and an ensemble of quantum emitters have been investigated using a Green function approach. Based on such an investigation, we propose a scheme for a deterministic multiqubit quantum phase gate. As an example, twoqubit, threequbit, and fourqubit quantum phase gates have been designed and analyzed in detail. Phenomena due to the losses in the metal are discussed. Potential applications of these phenomena to quantuminformation processing are anticipated.

  7. Multi-qubit quantum phase gates based on surface plasmons of a nanosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ren, Jun; Zhang, Xiangdong

    2015-01-01

    The Dicke subradiance and superradiance resulting from the interaction between surface plasmons of a nanosphere and an ensemble of quantum emitters have been investigated using a Green function approach. Based on such an investigation, we propose a scheme for a deterministic multiqubit quantum phase gate. As an example, twoqubit, threequbit, and fourqubit quantum phase gates have been designed and analyzed in detail. Phenomena due to the losses in the metal are discussed. Potential applications of these phenomena to quantuminformation processing are anticipated.

  8. Surround-gated vertical nanowire quantum dots M. H. M. van Weert,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    arsenide phosphide InAsP quantum dots embedded in vertical surround-gated indium phosphide InP nanowires dots. The InAsP quantum dots, embedded in InP nanowires, are grown in the vapor-liquid-solid mode usingSurround-gated vertical nanowire quantum dots M. H. M. van Weert,1 M. den Heijer,1 M. P. van Kouwen

  9. Rooted-tree network for optimal non-local gate implementation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nilesh Vyas; Debashis Saha; Prasanta K. Panigrahi

    2015-06-28

    A general quantum network for implementing non-local control-unitary gates, between remote parties at minimal entanglement cost, is shown to be a rooted-tree structure. Starting from a five party scenario, we demonstrate the local implementation of simultaneous control-Hermitian and multiparty control-unitary gates in an arbitrary n-party network. Previously established networks are shown to be special cases of this general construct.

  10. Magic State Distillation and Gate Compilation in Quantum Algorithms for Quantum Chemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colin J. Trout; Kenneth R. Brown

    2015-01-29

    Quantum algorithms for quantum chemistry map the dynamics of electrons in a molecule to the dynamics of a coupled spin system. To reach chemical accuracy for interesting molecules, a large number of quantum gates must be applied which implies the need for quantum error correction and fault-tolerant quantum computation. Arbitrary fault-tolerant operations can be constructed from a small, universal set of fault-tolerant operations by gate compilation. Quantum chemistry algorithms are compiled by decomposing the dynamics of the coupled spin-system using a Trotter formula, synthesizing the decomposed dynamics using Clifford operations and single-qubit rotations, and finally approximating the single-qubit rotations by a sequence of fault-tolerant single-qubit gates. Certain fault-tolerant gates rely on the preparation of specific single-qubit states referred to as magic states. As a result, gate compilation and magic state distillation are critical for solving quantum chemistry problems on a quantum computer. We review recent progress that has improved the efficiency of gate compilation and magic state distillation by orders of magnitude.

  11. GATE Center of Excellence at UAB in Lightweight Materials for Automotive Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2011-07-31

    This report summarizes the accomplishments of the UAB GATE Center of Excellence in Lightweight Materials for Automotive Applications. The first Phase of the UAB DOE GATE center spanned the period 2005-2011. The UAB GATE goals coordinated with the overall goals of DOE's FreedomCAR and Vehicles Technologies initiative and DOE GATE program. The FCVT goals are: (1) Development and validation of advanced materials and manufacturing technologies to significantly reduce automotive vehicle body and chassis weight without compromising other attributes such as safety, performance, recyclability, and cost; (2) To provide a new generation of engineers and scientists with knowledge and skills in advanced automotive technologies. The UAB GATE focused on both the FCVT and GATE goals in the following manner: (1) Train and produce graduates in lightweight automotive materials technologies; (2) Structure the engineering curricula to produce specialists in the automotive area; (3) Leverage automotive related industry in the State of Alabama; (4) Expose minority students to advanced technologies early in their career; (5) Develop innovative virtual classroom capabilities tied to real manufacturing operations; and (6) Integrate synergistic, multi-departmental activities to produce new product and manufacturing technologies for more damage tolerant, cost-effective, and lighter automotive structures.

  12. Theory of signal and noise in double-gated nanoscale electronic pH sensors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Go, Jonghyun; Nair, Pradeep R.; Alam, Muhammad A.

    2012-08-01

    The maximum sensitivity of classical nanowire (NW)-based pH sensors is defined by the Nernst limit of 59 mV/pH. For typical noise levels in ultra-small single-gated nanowire sensors, the signal-to-noise ratio is often not sufficient to resolve pH changes necessary for a broad range of applications. Recently, a new class of double-gated devices was demonstrated to offer apparent 'super-Nernstian' response (>59 mV/pH) by amplifying the original pH signal through innovative biasing schemes. However, the pH-sensitivity of these nanoscale devices as a function of biasing configurations, number of electrodes, and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) remains poorly understood. Even the basic question such as 'Do double-gated sensors actually resolve smaller changes in pH compared to conventional single-gated sensors in the presence of various sources of noise?' remains unanswered. In this article, we provide a comprehensive numerical and analytical theory of signal and noise of double-gated pH sensors to conclude that, while the theoretical lower limit of pH-resolution does not improve for double-gated sensors, this new class of sensors does improve the (instrument-limited) pH resolution.

  13. City of Geneseo | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButte County,Camilla,ThermalCuba City, Wisconsin (UtilityCity of

  14. City of Lincoln, Nebraska | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButte County,Camilla,ThermalCuba City,(Redirected from City ofLiberal,Lincoln,

  15. Twin Cities Campus Architecture M.Arch.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    · · · · · · · · - - - Twin Cities Campus Architecture M.Arch. School of Architecture College of Design Link to a list of faculty for this program. Contact Information: School of Architecture, College semesters for timely completion. Degree: Master of Architecture Along with the program-specific requirements

  16. Troops Marching through a City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    Surface water resources in China are rather abundant and it can be use as the heat or cool source for heat pump. The winter surface water temperatures of 17 typical cities are investigated in December, and they are all distributed in the interval...

  17. 7, 66876718, 2007 Mexico City area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Discussions Emissions from forest fires near Mexico City R. Yokelson1 , S. Urbanski2 , E. Atlas3 , D. Toohey4.43, but much larger than the NOx/VOC ratio for tropical forest fires in Brazil (0.068). The nitrogen enrichment

  18. BROOKLYN COLLEGE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sklar, Elizabeth

    1 BROOKLYN COLLEGE OF THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK FACULTY COUNCIL BY-LAWS Article 1 ­ Meetings with these bylaws and/or the laws of the State of New York. #12;2 Article II - Officers Section 1 Officers by an affirmative vote of two-thirds of the members present. Section 5 All items of new business requiring action

  19. Self-organizing criticality among Chinese cities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Shujuan

    2010-07-14

    This dissertation employs the theory of self-organizing criticality (SOC) into the study of Chinese cities. SOC was proposed at the end of the 1980s to explain system complexity by combining both self-organizing and critical behaviors. SOC has been...

  20. Management Information Systems Mexico City EMBA Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Joydeep

    Management Information Systems Mexico City EMBA Program Spring 2012 Professor : Professor Anitesh efficiency, and business partner and strategic values. Managers need to be able to articulate the impact) Required Books Analyzing Social Media Networks with NodeXL: Insights from a Connected World by Derek Hansen

  1. Clean Cities Web Sites and Web Tools

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Technical Assistance Project (TAP) for state and local officials Webinar presentation on July 28, 2010 by Johanna Levene, senior Web applications at the DOE National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), about the DOE Clean Cities program to promote the use of alternative fuels and reduce petroleum consumption.

  2. Clean Cities 2011 Vehicle Buyer's Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-01-01

    The 2011 Clean Cities Light-Duty Vehicle Buyer's Guide is a consumer publication that provides a comprehensive list of commercially available alternative fuel and advanced vehicles in model year 2011. The guide allows for side-by-side comparisons of fuel economy, price, emissions, and vehicle specifications.

  3. Housing market report Capital city market report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Richard

    Housing market report Capital city market report Prepared January 2014 Dr Andrew Wilson, Senior economies. The national housing market will record positive growth again in 2014, although the level will impact other local housing markets, particularly in Sydney and Melbourne. Over 2013, the Australian

  4. Retirement Guide Norman -Oklahoma City -Tulsa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    Retirement Guide Norman - Oklahoma City - Tulsa IMPORTANT NOTICE: The Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma reserves the right to change any benefit plans at any time. This document is only.....................................................................................05 Participation Contributions Vesting Termination Prior To Retirement Retirement Benefits Oklahoma

  5. Clean Cities Now Vol. 19, No. 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-07-24

    Now is the official bi-annual newsletter of Clean Cities, an initiative designed to reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector by advancing the use of alternative and renewable fuels, fuel economy improvements, idle-reduction measures, and new technologies, as they emerge.

  6. Biomedical Engineering City University Hong Kong, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biomedical Engineering City University Hong Kong, China Spring Semester Junior Year Abroad Freshman Sophomore Year Fall VU Spring VU BSCI 110a/111a Intro to Bio Sciences 4 BSCI Biomedical Sciences Course 4 General Physics, Lab 4 EECE 112 Circuits I 3 BME 101 Intro to Biomechanics 3 BME 103 Biomedical Materials

  7. ConstitutionAve. CityParkAve.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Yongcheng

    ConstitutionAve. CityParkAve. SkylineDr. West Plum St. West Elizabeth St. International House 1400 Environmental Research Center Greenhouse Animal Sciences Morgan Library Natural Resources Lagoon Arthur Ditch Center A College Avenue Gym Field House National Center for Genetic Resources Preservation Alder Hall

  8. SWOPE PARK INDUSTRIAL AREA Kansas City, Missouri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    SWOPE PARK INDUSTRIAL AREA Kansas City, Missouri MODIFICATION REQUEST Modification to support this request. PROJECT PURPOSE Swope Park Industrial Area is located in the south-central portion safe ingress/egress during flooding. The Swope Park Industrial Area has limited access, one

  9. Charge noise analysis of metal oxide semiconductor dual-gate Si/SiGe quantum point contacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamioka, J.; Oda, S.; Kodera, T.; Takeda, K.; Obata, T.; Tarucha, S.

    2014-05-28

    The frequency dependence of conductance noise through a gate-defined quantum point contact fabricated on a Si/SiGe modulation doped wafer is characterized. The 1/f{sup 2} noise, which is characteristic of random telegraph noise, is reduced by application of a negative bias on the global top gate to reduce the local gate voltage. Direct leakage from the large global gate voltage also causes random telegraph noise, and therefore, there is a suitable point to operate quantum dot measurement.

  10. Time-gated single photon counting enables separation of CARS microscopy data from multiphoton-excited tissue autofluorescence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ly, Sonny; McNerney, Gregory; Chan, James; Fore, Samantha; Huser, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    Raman scattering microscopy (CARS): Instrumentation andanti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) imaging," Opt. Lett. 31,and separated from the CARS signal by employing time-gating

  11. CompactCities : analyzing the urban spatial structure in cities with growth restrictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oberoi, Amit

    2005-01-01

    A compact city form is one that espouses high intensity development within a restrictive geographic area. Its perceived benefits include (a) saving agricultural land (b) inducing shorter commute trips, thus less consumption ...

  12. EA-1137: Nonnuclear Consolidation Weapons Production Support Project for the Kansas City Plant Kansas City, Missouri

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to renovate an existing building at the U.S. Department of Energy Kansas City Plant to accommodate equipment, security and environmental...

  13. The State of City Planning Today and It's Relation to City Planning [Reflections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, Allan B

    2006-01-01

    such programs, and physical planning would be a hit-or-missof City and Regional Planning at the University ofQuality at U.S. Graduate Planning Schools: A National

  14. Dispatches - - The Heart of the City: A Conversation about The Wire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, Kelly

    2009-01-01

    can be found at http://sitemaker.umich.edu/heart_of_the_city/ heart_of_the_city.Quinn / The Heart of the City

  15. Sri Lanka-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon Cities: Transport and Building Electricity Use Jump to: navigation, search Name Sri Lanka-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions...

  16. UC Davis Fuel Cell, Hydrogen, and Hybrid Vehicle (FCH2V) GATE Center of Excellence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erickson, Paul

    2012-05-31

    This is the final report of the UC Davis Fuel Cell, Hydrogen, and Hybrid Vehicle (FCH2V) GATE Center of Excellence which spanned from 2005-2012. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) established the Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Program, to provide a new generation of engineers and scientists with knowledge and skills to create advanced automotive technologies. The UC Davis Fuel Cell, Hydrogen, and Hybrid Vehicle (FCH2V) GATE Center of Excellence established in 2005 is focused on research, education, industrial collaboration and outreach within automotive technology. UC Davis has had two independent GATE centers with separate well-defined objectives and research programs from 1998. The Fuel Cell Center, administered by ITS-Davis, has focused on fuel cell technology. The Hybrid-Electric Vehicle Design Center (HEV Center), administered by the Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, has focused on the development of plug-in hybrid technology using internal combustion engines. The merger of these two centers in 2005 has broadened the scope of research and lead to higher visibility of the activity. UC Davisâ??s existing GATE centers have become the campusâ??s research focal points on fuel cells and hybrid-electric vehicles, and the home for graduate students who are studying advanced automotive technologies. The centers have been highly successful in attracting, training, and placing top-notch students into fuel cell and hybrid programs in both industry and government.

  17. Water gate array for current flow or tidal movement pneumatic harnessing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gorlov, Alexander M. (Brookline, MA)

    1991-01-01

    The invention, which provides a system for harnessing power from current flow or tidal movement in a body of water, comprises first and second hydro-pneumatic chambers each having ingress and egress below the water surface near the river or ocean floor and water gates operative to open or seal the ports to the passage of water. In an exemplary embodiment, the gates are sychronized by shafts so that the ingress ports of each chamber are connected to the egress ports of each other chamber. Thus, one set of gates is closed, while the other is open, thereby allowing water to flow into one chamber and build air pressure therein and allowing water to flow out of the other chamber and create a partial vacuum therein. A pipe connects the chambers, and an air turbine harnesses the air movement within the pipe. When water levels are equilibrated, the open set of gates is closed by a counterweight, and the other set is allowed to open by natural force of the water differential. The water gates may be comprised of a plurality of louvers which are ganged for simultaneous opening and closing. The system is designed to operate with air turbines or other pneumatic devices. Its design minimizes construction cost and environmental impact, yet provides a clean renewable energy source.

  18. Secretary Chu Recalls Garden City High School Physics Teacher...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Secretary Chu Recalls Garden City High School Physics Teacher Secretary Chu Recalls Garden City High School Physics Teacher September 30, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis As part of...

  19. Cambridge in transition : regulating parking in a growing city

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrentino, Cara Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    Parking is regulated today by cities to achieve a variety of goals including traffic reduction, air quality improvement, urban densification, and climate change mitigation. In the City of Cambridge, Massachusetts, parking ...

  20. Examining solid waste management issues in the City of Bryan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arekere, Dhananjaya Marigowda

    2006-04-12

    Economic aspects of household recycling behavior and attitudes in City of Bryan are examined to improve solid waste management policies in the city. Using survey data collected by mail and personal interviews, residentsÂ? attitudes towards solid...

  1. Urban redevelopment in sunbelt cities : strategies and approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, James A. (James Andrew), 1959-

    1996-01-01

    Most Sunbelt cities reflect the suburbanization that characterized urban growth and development over the past forty years. Given this dispersion, these cities often contain large areas of strategically located land that ...

  2. An urban design study in the walled city of Hyderabad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mangaldas, Arjun Kamal

    1987-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to approach the Islamic city in India from a viewpoint which recognizes that the distinctions between cultural sections in a city are not only social and spatial but also physical, being manifest ...

  3. City extensions : the revitalization of Denver Colorado's Platte River Valley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sobey, James A

    1982-01-01

    This thesis examines a process for future city growth in Denver, Colorado. Its objective is to develop a model by which future expansion of the city might build qualities of continuity and identity between adjacent sections ...

  4. Smart cities : concepts, perceptions and lessons for planners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ching, Tuan Yee

    2013-01-01

    Today, there appears to be a visible trend in the use of the "smart" prefix. For example, cities are branding themselves as, or striving to become "smart" cities. Planners and policy-makers espouse "smart growth". ...

  5. Clean Cities Now: Vol. 16, No. 1, May 2012 (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-05-01

    Biannual newsletter for the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities initiative. The newsletter includes feature stories on advanced vehicle deployment, idle reduction, and articles on Clean Cities coalition successes across the country.

  6. Funding: Future Clean Cities Solicitation and EISA Section 244

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    At the November 6, 2008 joint Web conference of DOE's Biomass and Clean Cities programs, Linda Bluestein (U.S. Department of Energy, Clean Cities Program) described EISA 2007, Section 244 Renewable Fuel Infrastructure Grants.

  7. Producing Globalization in the Public Space of Mexico City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreno-Carranco, Maria

    2006-01-01

    I draw from the “Megaproject” of Santa Fe in Mexico City theof city imagineering is the megaproject which has becomeBurgess, 2001). The megaproject extrapolates the “time-space

  8. Water, Cities, and Bodies: A Relational Understanding of Niamey, Niger.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hungerford, Hilary B.

    2012-05-31

    of the city, bodies are intimately implicated in struggles over natural resource governance, and power over water infrastructure is also about power over bodies. These relational understandings of cities and bodies are brought together to imagine new...

  9. The Graduate Center THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Artemov, Sergei N.

    The Graduate Center Rev. 3/14 THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK GRADUATE ASSISTANT WORKLOAD REPORTING FORM Article 15.3 of the Agreement between The City University of New York and the Professional Staff

  10. Clean Cities Now: Vol. 17, No. 1, Spring 2013 (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sutor, J.; Tucker, E.; Thomas, J.

    2013-05-01

    Biannual newsletter for the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities initiative. The newsletter includes feature stories on advanced vehicle deployment, idle reduction, and articles on Clean Cities coalition successes across the country.

  11. The Greenness of Cities: Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Urban Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glaeser, Edward L.; Kahn, Matthew E.

    2008-01-01

    Damage Costs of Carbon Dioxide Emissions: An Assessment ofThe Greenness of Cities: Carbon Dioxide Emissions and UrbanTHE GREENNESS OF CITIES: CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS AND URBAN

  12. The last Levantine City : Beirut, 1830-1930

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El Hayek, Chantal

    2015-01-01

    My thesis examines the urban transformation of Beirut between 1830 and 1930. Evolving from a local market city importing European goods and exporting local produce into a transit city for the re-export of European commodities, ...

  13. Solar America Cities Awards: Solar America Initiative Fact Sheet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2008-03-01

    This fact sheet provides an overview of the Solar America Cities activities within the Solar America Initiative and lists the 25 cities that have received financial awards from the U.S. Department of Energy.

  14. Hong Kong : city of edges : South East Kowloon development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Wai-Kuen, 1968-

    1997-01-01

    Many extraordinary cities are developed along the edges of water into different directions. Yet, the city of Hong Kong has been formed along narrow strips of scarce flat-land around the harbor and from reclamations of ...

  15. City of Grand Rapids- Green Power Purchasing Policy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2005, the City of Grand Rapids established a goal of purchasing 20% of its municipal power demand from renewable energy by 2008. In November 2007, the city signed a three-year agreement with a...

  16. Erin Gill, city of Knoxville sustainability director, on Aug...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Erin Gill, city of Knoxville sustainability director, on Aug. 13, 2014, explains a competition entered by the city with a 5 mil Home WikiSysop's picture Submitted by WikiSysop(15)...

  17. Site design for urban water management in Mexico City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivera, José Pablo (Rivera De la Mora), 1967-

    2001-01-01

    As the world becomes aware of the scarcity of water resources and cities struggle to meet a growing demand, we face the challenge of finding more efficient ways to manage this vital resource. Cities in developing countries ...

  18. Funding for state, city, and county governments in the state...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Funding for state, city, and county governments in the state includes: NM New Mexico Total Sum City, County, and SEO Allocations All 20,608,300 NM New Mexico State Energy Office...

  19. Ordinary Food Spaces in a Global City: Hong Kong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Megan Kathleen

    2013-01-01

    Megan Kathleen. “Ordinary Food Places in a Global City: Hongotherinfo/110318_food_supply_faq/e_foods upply_faq.pdf .Megan Kathleen. “Ordinary Food Places in a Global City: Hong

  20. Quarterly Biomass Program/Clean Cities State Web Conference:...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Quarterly Biomass ProgramClean Cities State Web Conference: May 6, 2010 Quarterly Biomass ProgramClean Cities State Web Conference: May 6, 2010 Presentation from May 6, 2010...