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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

hectares | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

hectares hectares Dataset Summary Description This dataset is part of a larger internal dataset at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that explores various characteristics of large solar electric (both PV and CSP) facilities around the United States. This dataset focuses on the land use characteristics for solar facilities that are either under construction or currently in operation. Source Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States Date Released June 25th, 2013 (7 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords acres area average concentrating solar power csp Density electric hectares km2 land land requirements land use land-use mean photovoltaic photovoltaics PV solar statistics Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Master Solar Land Use Spreadsheet (xlsx, 1.5 MiB)

2

OpenHaRT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The OpenHaRT evaluation is modeled after the evaluation of the DARPA Multilingual Automatic Document Classification Analysis and Translation ...

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Punnet square  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Punnet square Punnet square Name: Pat T Seeman Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I want to learn any thing and everything about the Punnett square. If any one can tell me about it I would be grateful. Replies: Pat: It would be helpful to know how old you are and what you already know about the Punnet square. In short, it is a mathematical way to predict the possible offspring from two particular parents, given that you know something about their genes. Could you ask something a little more specific, so I'll know exactly what to tell you? Ellen Mayo The Punnet square is a tool used by geneticists and students of genetics to predict the outcome of a cross (mating) between two individuals with a known genotype (set of genes). I suppose it was invented by a person named Punnet (or perhaps his graduate student). The Punnet square is an array of cells that represent all of the possible offspring of the cross. It is made by listing all of the possible gametes (sperm or eggs) of one parent at the head of each column and all of the possible gametes of the other parent at the left of each row of the array. To determine each possible offspring, combine the genotypes of each gamete contributing to a particular offspring (that is, write in a particular cell the genotype of the column and row heading. A simple example to illustrate:

4

OpenEI - hectares  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

en.openei.orgdatasetstaxonomyterm4200 en Land use requirements for ground-mounted solar power facilities. http:en.openei.orgdatasetsnode454

This dataset is part of...

5

OpenHaRT 2013 Information Page  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... OpenHaRT Pipeline (version 1.1.2, last uploaded May 24, 2013) - a software tool that evaluates OpenHaRT evaluation submissions. ...

2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

6

Mr. J . Kieling, Acting Chief Ha  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mr. J . Kieling, Acting Chief Ha zardous Waste Bureau Department of Energy Carlsbad Field Office P. O. Box 3090 Carlsbad , New Mexico 88221 DEC 1 6 2011 New Mexico Environment...

7

Sumsets being squares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alon, Angel, Benjamini and Lubetzky recently studied an old problem of Euler on sumsets for which all elements of A + B are integer squares. Improving their result we prove: 1. There exists a set A of 3 positive integers and a corresponding set B ? [0, N] with |B | ? (log N) 15/17, such that all elements of A + B are perfect squares. 2. There exists a set A of 3 integers and a corresponding set B ? [0, N] with |B | ? (log N) 9/11, such that all elements of the sets A, B and A + B are perfect squares. The proofs make use of suitably constructed elliptic curves of high rank. 1

Andrej Dujella; Christian Elsholtz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

BoneMaster™ HA Coating – An In Vivo Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... group (668 N) demonstrated significantly higher pull out strength than control PPS group (348 N). After 32 weeks, the pull out strength for BoneMaster HA and PPS groups ... Facilitates Neural Stem Cell Adhesion, Proliferation and Differentiation ... Sol-Gel Synthesis of Bio-Active Nanoporous Sodium Zirconate Coated on ...

9

Greedy sums of distinct squares  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When a positive integer is expressed as a sum of squares, with each successive summand as large as possible, the summands decrease rapidly in size until the very end, where one may find two 4's, or several 1's. We find that the set of integers for which ... Keywords: Greedy algorithm, differential-difference equations

Hugh L. Montgomery; Ulrike M. A. Vorhauer

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Square-free Integers and Infinite products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study few properties of square-free integers in certain equations. Using this property, we derive some infinite products in powers of square free numbers. Also, we present a method, to convert power series and trigonometric series to infinte products. Infinite products of few elementary trigonometric functions and factorials for large numbers are shown as examples.

Ramesh Kumar Muthumalai

2009-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

11

Elmo bumpy square plasma confinement device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is an Elmo bumpy type plasma confinement device having a polygonal configuration of closed magnet field lines for improved plasma confinement. In the preferred embodiment, the device is of a square configuration which is referred to as an Elmo bumpy square (EBS). The EBS is formed by four linear magnetic mirror sections each comprising a plurality of axisymmetric assemblies connected in series and linked by 90/sup 0/ sections of a high magnetic field toroidal solenoid type field generating coils. These coils provide corner confinement with a minimum of radial dispersion of the confined plasma to minimize the detrimental effects of the toroidal curvature of the magnetic field. Each corner is formed by a plurality of circular or elliptical coils aligned about the corner radius to provide maximum continuity in the closing of the magnetic field lines about the square configuration confining the plasma within a vacuum vessel located within the various coils forming the square configuration confinement geometry.

Owen, L.W.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Square Butte Electric Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Square Butte Electric Coop Square Butte Electric Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name Square Butte Electric Coop Place North Dakota Utility Id 17858 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Square_Butte_Electric_Coop&oldid=411602"

13

Solar Energy Squared, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Squared, LLC Squared, LLC Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Solar Energy Squared, LLC Name Solar Energy Squared, LLC Address 116 Ottenheimer Plaza, President Clinton Avenue Place Little Rock, Arkansas Zip 72201 Sector Solar Product Utility Scale Solar Year founded 2008 Number of employees 1-10 Phone number 501-244-9522 Website http://www.solarenergysquared. Coordinates 34.7472769°, -92.2643659° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.7472769,"lon":-92.2643659,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

14

Optical modelling of square solar concentrator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the optical design of a photovoltaic solar concentrator composed by two squared reflection mirrors. The optical configuration of the device, is based on the Cassegrain telescope and designed in order to maximize the fill factor ... Keywords: photovoltaic, ray tracing, solar cell

Maurizio Carlini; Carlo Cattani; Andrea O. M. Tucci

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Latin square three dimensional gage master  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gage master for coordinate measuring machines has an nxn array of objects distributed in the Z coordinate utilizing the concept of a Latin square experimental design. Using analysis of variance techniques, the invention may be used to identify sources of error in machine geometry and quantify machine accuracy.

Jones, Lynn L. (Lexena, KS)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

State-space least mean square  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a generalized form of the well-known least mean square (LMS) filter. The proposed filter incorporates linear time-varying state-space model of the underlying environment and hence is termed as state-space LMS (SSLMS). This attribute ... Keywords: Adaptive filtering, SSLMS, State-space LMS, Tracking

Mohammad Bilal Malik; Muhammad Salman

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Closure Plan - Plutonium Finishing Plant Treatment Unit Glovebox HA-20MB  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This closure plan describes the planned activities and performance standards for closing the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) glovebox HA-20MB that housed an interim status ''Resource Conservation and Recovery Act'' (RCRA) of 1976 treatment unit. This closure plan is certified and submitted to Ecology for incorporation into the Hanford Facility RCRA Permit (HF RCRA Permit) in accordance with Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement; TPA) Milestone M-83-30 requiring submittal of a certified closure plan for ''glovebox HA-20MB'' by July 31, 2003. Glovebox HA-20MB is located within the 231-5Z Building in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Facility. Currently glovebox HA-20MB is being used for non-RCRA analytical purposes. The schedule of closure activities under this plan supports completion of TPA Milestone M-83-44 to deactivate and prepare for dismantlement the above grade portions of the 234-5Z and ZA, 243-Z, and 291-Z and 291-Z-1 stack buildings by September 30, 2015. Under this closure plan, glovebox HA-20MB will undergo clean closure to the performance standards of Washington Administrative Code (WAC) 173-303-610 with respect to all dangerous waste contamination from glovebox HA-20MB RCRA operations. Because the intention is to clean close the PFP treatment unit, postclosure activities are not applicable to this closure plan. To clean close the unit, it will be demonstrated that dangerous waste has not been left at levels above the closure performance standard for removal and decontamination. If it is determined that clean closure is not possible or is environmentally impractical, the closure plan will be modified to address required postclosure activities. Because dangerous waste does not include source, special nuclear, and by-product material components of mixed waste, radionuclides are not within the scope of this documentation. Any information on radionuclides is provided only for general knowledge. Clearance form only sent to RHA.

PRIGNANO, A.L.

2003-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

18

The correlation of Abiyev's balanced squares with periodic law  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the first time, a perfect algorithm for writing the magic squares has been found by Abiyev. With the help of this algorithm we can write not only magic squares, but also magic cubes from any numbers of any orders. These squares have been called the ... Keywords: algorithm, correlation, magic square, periodic law, sequence, super-heavy

Asker Ali Abiyev

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Hybrid least squares multivariate spectral analysis methods  

SciTech Connect

A set of hybrid least squares multivariate spectral analysis methods in which spectral shapes of components or effects not present in the original calibration step are added in a following estimation or calibration step to improve the accuracy of the estimation of the amount of the original components in the sampled mixture. The "hybrid" method herein means a combination of an initial classical least squares analysis calibration step with subsequent analysis by an inverse multivariate analysis method. A "spectral shape" herein means normally the spectral shape of a non-calibrated chemical component in the sample mixture but can also mean the spectral shapes of other sources of spectral variation, including temperature drift, shifts between spectrometers, spectrometer drift, etc. The "shape" can be continuous, discontinuous, or even discrete points illustrative of the particular effect.

Haaland, David M. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Optical inverse-square displacement sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention comprises an optical displacement sensor that uses the inverse-square attenuation of light reflected from a diffused surface to calculate the distance from the sensor to the reflecting surface. Light emerging from an optical fiber or the like is directed onto the surface whose distance is to be measured. The intensity I of reflected light is angle dependent, but within a sufficiently small solid angle it falls off as the inverse square of the distance from the surface. At least a pair of optical detectors are mounted to detect the reflected light within the small solid angle, their ends being at different distances R and R + [Delta]R from the surface. The distance R can then be found in terms of the ratio of the intensity measurements and the separation length as given in an equation. 10 figs.

Howe, R.D.; Kychakoff, G.

1989-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Optical inverse-square displacement sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention comprises an optical displacement sensor that uses the inverse-square attenuation of light reflected from a diffused surface to calculate the distance from the sensor to the reflecting surface. Light emerging from an optical fiber or the like is directed onto the surface whose distance is to be measured. The intensity I of reflected light is angle dependent, but within a sufficiently small solid angle it falls off as the inverse square of the distance from the surface. At least a pair of optical detectors are mounted to detect the reflected light within the small solid angle, their ends being at different distances R and R+.DELTA.R from the surface. The distance R can then be found in terms of the ratio of the intensity measurements and the separation length as ##EQU1##

Howe, Robert D. (San Mateo County, CA); Kychakoff, George (King County, WA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

square miles | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0 0 Varnish cache server Home Groups Community Central Green Button Applications Developer Utility Rate FRED: FRee Energy Database More Public Groups Private Groups Features Groups Blog posts Content Stream Documents Discussions Polls Q & A Events Notices My stuff Energy blogs 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142235190 Varnish cache server square miles Home Sfomail's picture Submitted by Sfomail(48) Member 25 June, 2013 - 12:10 Solar Land Use Data on OpenEI acres csp land use how much land land requirements pv land use solar land use square miles I'm happy to announce that a new report on Solar+Land+Use was just released by the National+Renewable+Energy+Laboratory. You can find a brief summary of the results at the Solar+Land+Use page on OpenEI.

23

Square Butte HVDC modulation system field tests  

SciTech Connect

The authors describe field tests conducted at the Square Butte dc system to validate transfer functions of the digital model for dc current and voltage modulation control design. The field tests and digital model results confirm a dominant interarea mode of oscillation of 0.8 hz. Field tests also established spurious responses in rectifier and inverter frequency measurements which appear to be attributable to transducer distortion.

Grund, C.E. (General Electric Co., Schenectady, NY (USA)); Hauer, J.F. (BPA, Portland, OR (US)); Crane, L.P.; Carlson, D.L. (Minnesota Power and Light Co., Duluth, MN (USA)); Wright, S.E. (EPRI, Palo Alto, CA (US))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Highlighting High Performance: Four Times Square  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

4 Times Square is a 48-story environmentally responsible building in New York City. Developed by the Durst Organization, the building is the first project of its size to adopt standards for energy efficiency, indoor ecology, sustainable materials, and responsible construction, operations, and maintenance procedures. Designers used a whole-building approach--considering how the building's systems can work together most efficiently--and educated tenants on the benefits of the design.

Not Available

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Analysis and optimization of service availability in a HA cluster with load-dependent machine availability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calculations of service availability of a High- Availability (HA) cluster are usually based on the assumption of load-independent machine availabilities. In this paper, we study the issues and show how the service availabilities can be calculated under ... Keywords: High Availability, cluster computing, Markov chains, Markov decision processes, dynamic programming, neuro-dynamic programming

Chee-Wei Ang; Chen-Khong Tham

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Square-Free Rings And Their Automorphism Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finite-dimensional square-free algebras have been completely characterized by Anderson and D'Ambrosia as certain twisted semigroup algebras over a square-free semigroup S with coefficients in a field K. D'Ambrosia extended the definition of square-free to artinian rings with unity and showed every square-free ring has an associated division ring D and square-free semigroup S. We show a square-free ring can be characterized as a twisted semigroup ring over a square-free semigroup S with coefficients in a division ring D. Also, to each square-free ring there exists a short exact sequence connecting the outer automorphisms of a square-free ring to certain cohomology groups related to S and D.

Montgomery, Martin W

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Solar design T-square | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

design T-square Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar Design T-Square AgencyCompany Organization Brian White Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Solar Resource Type...

28

Plan for the Startup of HA-21I Furnace Operations at the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Achievement of Thermal Stabilization mission elements require the installation and startup of three additional muffle furnaces for the thermal stabilization of plutonium and plutonium bearing materials at the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP). The release to operate these additional furnaces will require an Activity Based Startup Review. The conduct of the Activity Based Startup Review (ABSR) was approved by Fluor Daniel Hanford on October 15, 1999. This plan has been developed with the objective of identifying those activities needed to guide the controlled startup of five furnaces from authorization to unrestricted operations by adding the HA-211 furnaces in an orderly and safe manner after the approval to Startup has been given. The Startup Plan provides a phased approach that bridges the activities between the completion of the Activity Based Startup Review authorizing the use of the three additional furnaces and the unrestricted operation of the five thermal stabilization muffle furnaces. The four phases are: (1) the initiation of five furnace operations using three empty (simulated full) boat charges from HA-211 and two full charges from HC-21C; (2) three furnace operations (one full charge from HA-211 and two full charges from HC-21C); (3) four furnace operations (two full charges from HA-211 and two full charges from HC-21C); and (4) integrated five furnace operations and unrestricted operations. Phase 1 of the Plan will be considered as the cold runs. This Plan also provides management oversight and administrative controls that are to be implemented until unrestricted operations are authorized. It also provides a formal review process for ensuring that all preparations needed for full five furnace operations are completed and formally reviewed prior to proceeding to the increased activity levels associated with five furnace operations. Specific objectives include: (1) To ensure that activities are conducted in a safe manner. (2) To provide supplemental technical and managerial support to Thermal Stabilization activities during the initial use of the HA-211 Furnaces until the commencement of full five furnace, unrestricted operations. (3) Ensure that operations can be conducted in a manner that meets PFP and DOE expectations associated with the principles of integrated safety management. (4) To ensure that all interfacing activities needed to meet Thermal Stabilization mission objectives are completed.

WILLIS, H.T.

2000-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

29

Square Footage Measurements and Comparisons in 2001 RECS  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

A discussion on measurements and comparsions of total square footage as presented in the 2001 Residential Energy Consumption Survey

30

square-mile Black Warrior Basin  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

will inject CO will inject CO 2 into a coalbed methane (CBM) well in Tuscaloosa County, Alabama, to assess the capability of mature CBM reservoirs to receive and adsorb large volumes of CO 2 . Injection began at the test site on June 15; the site was selected because it is representative of the 23,000- square-mile Black Warrior Basin located in northwestern Alabama and northeastern Mississippi. It is estimated that this area has the potential to store in the range of 1.1 to 2.3 Gigatons of CO 2 , which is approximately the amount that Alabama's coal-fired power plants emit in two decades. The targeted coal seams range from 940 to 1,800 feet deep and are one to six feet thick. Approximately 240 tons of CO 2 will be injected over a 45- to 60-day period. More information

31

Finite temperature R-squared quantum gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The quantum gravity path integral's measure can be written as the product of classical backgrounds and quantum fluctuations about each background. After proving that fluctuations about the background do not diffuse in Hilbert space and obey the laws of many-body statistics, their probability distributions, entropy, and expected background are determined. This background obeys expectation-valued Einstein equations and features an entropy-based positive cosmological constant. From the fluctuation probability distributions, a finite temperature, R-squared, quantum gravity path integral is constructed whose action presents an interaction picture of quantum gravity that `moves with' the expected background in Hilbert space. Within this interaction picture of quantum fluctuations about an expected background, the fields required to describe quantum gravity have been transformed into `ordinary' quantum fields propagating on this `rigid' or `fixed' expected background. Back-reaction has been fully accounted for, and the quantum formulation is manifestly background independent.

C. D. Burton

2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

32

CSER 99-007 Criticality Safety Evaluation Report for PFP Glovebox HA-21I Muffle Furnace Operation for Plutonium Stabilization  

SciTech Connect

Criticality Safety Evaluation Report for operation of PFP Glovebox HA-21I muffle furnace for plutonium stabilization. Glovebox limits are specified for processing metal and oxide fissile materials.

DOBBIN, K.D.

1999-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

33

Pioneer Valley Photovoltaics Cooperative aka PV Squared | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Photovoltaics Cooperative aka PV Squared Photovoltaics Cooperative aka PV Squared Jump to: navigation, search Name Pioneer Valley Photovoltaics Cooperative (aka PV Squared) Place New Britain, Connecticut Zip 6051 Sector Solar Product Solar PV system installer. References Pioneer Valley Photovoltaics Cooperative (aka PV Squared)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Pioneer Valley Photovoltaics Cooperative (aka PV Squared) is a company located in New Britain, Connecticut . References ↑ "Pioneer Valley Photovoltaics Cooperative (aka PV Squared)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Pioneer_Valley_Photovoltaics_Cooperative_aka_PV_Squared&oldid=349764"

34

Fabrication and characterization of collagen-immobilized porous PHBV/HA nanocomposite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The porous composite scaffolds (PHBV/HA) consisting of poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) and hydroxyapatite (HA) were fabricated using a hot-press machine and salt-leaching. Collagen (type I) was then immobilized on the surface of ...

Jin-Young Baek; Zhi-Cai Xing; Giseop Kwak; Keun-Byoung Yoon; Soo-Young Park; Lee Soon Park; Inn-Kyu Kang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Least squares parameter estimation methods for material decomposition with energy discriminating detectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Energy resolving detectors provide more than one spectral measurement in one image acquisition. The purpose of this study is to investigate, with simulation, the ability to decompose four materials using energy discriminating detectors and least squares minimization techniques. Methods: Three least squares parameter estimation decomposition techniques were investigated for four-material breast imaging tasks in the image domain. The first technique treats the voxel as if it consisted of fractions of all the materials. The second method assumes that a voxel primarily contains one material and divides the decomposition process into segmentation and quantification tasks. The third is similar to the second method but a calibration was used. The simulated computed tomography (CT) system consisted of an 80 kVp spectrum and a CdZnTe (CZT) detector that could resolve the x-ray spectrum into five energy bins. A postmortem breast specimen was imaged with flat panel CT to provide a model for the digital phantoms. Hydroxyapatite (HA) (50, 150, 250, 350, 450, and 550 mg/ml) and iodine (4, 12, 20, 28, 36, and 44 mg/ml) contrast elements were embedded into the glandular region of the phantoms. Calibration phantoms consisted of a 30/70 glandular-to-adipose tissue ratio with embedded HA (100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 mg/ml) and iodine (5, 15, 25, 35, and 45 mg/ml). The x-ray transport process was simulated where the Beer-Lambert law, Poisson process, and CZT absorption efficiency were applied. Qualitative and quantitative evaluations of the decomposition techniques were performed and compared. The effect of breast size was also investigated. Results: The first technique decomposed iodine adequately but failed for other materials. The second method separated the materials but was unable to quantify the materials. With the addition of a calibration, the third technique provided good separation and quantification of hydroxyapatite, iodine, glandular, and adipose tissues. Quantification with this technique was accurate with errors of 9.83% and 6.61% for HA and iodine, respectively. Calibration at one point (one breast size) showed increased errors as the mismatch in breast diameters between calibration and measurement increased. A four-point calibration successfully decomposed breast diameter spanning the entire range from 8 to 20 cm. For a 14 cm breast, errors were reduced from 5.44% to 1.75% and from 6.17% to 3.27% with the multipoint calibration for HA and iodine, respectively. Conclusions: The results of the simulation study showed that a CT system based on CZT detectors in conjunction with least squares minimization technique can be used to decompose four materials. The calibrated least squares parameter estimation decomposition technique performed the best, separating and accurately quantifying the concentrations of hydroxyapatite and iodine.

Le, Huy Q.; Molloi, Sabee [Department of Radiological Sciences, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 (United States)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

36

Lumenhaus Shows Off Solar in Times Square | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lumenhaus Shows Off Solar in Times Square Lumenhaus Shows Off Solar in Times Square Lumenhaus Shows Off Solar in Times Square February 1, 2010 - 10:00am Addthis Photo by Kelly Shimoda Photo by Kelly Shimoda Joshua DeLung How can I participate? The next Solar Decathlon will be held Sept. 23-Oct. 2, 2011, at the National Mall's West Potomac Park in Washington, D.C. Virginia Tech's Lumenhaus - a net-zero energy, solar-powered, 650-square-foot home - made a stop in New York on its tour, right in the middle of Times Square. The house was previously featured at the U.S. Department of Energy's Solar Decathlon in October, and the team will head to Madrid in June for Solar Decathlon Europe as the only U.S. team to participate in both competitions. While in Times Square, the team and the house were featured on "Good

37

Activity Report for Hanford WTP LAW Melter HA Development, July 31 - August 5, 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HSS Independent Activity Report HSS Independent Activity Report Report Number: HIAR-WTP-2013-07-31 Site: Hanford Site Subject: Office of Enforcement and Oversight's Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Activity Report for Operational Awareness of Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant Low Activity Waste Melter Process System Hazards Analysis Activity Dates of Activity : 07/31/13 - 08/05/13 Report Preparer: James O. Low Activity Description/Purpose: The Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) staff observed a limited portion of the hazards analysis (HA) for the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) Low Activity Waste (LAW) Melter Process (LMP) system. The primary purpose of this HSS field activity, conducted from July 31 to August 5, 2013, was to observe and

38

Activity Report for Hanford WTP LAW Melter HA Development, July 31 - August 5, 2013  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HSS Independent Activity Report HSS Independent Activity Report Report Number: HIAR-WTP-2013-07-31 Site: Hanford Site Subject: Office of Enforcement and Oversight's Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Activity Report for Operational Awareness of Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant Low Activity Waste Melter Process System Hazards Analysis Activity Dates of Activity : 07/31/13 - 08/05/13 Report Preparer: James O. Low Activity Description/Purpose: The Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) staff observed a limited portion of the hazards analysis (HA) for the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) Low Activity Waste (LAW) Melter Process (LMP) system. The primary purpose of this HSS field activity, conducted from July 31 to August 5, 2013, was to observe and

39

Models and Algorithms for Distributionally Robust Least Squares ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 12, 2011 ... The ordinary least squares (OLS) problem [7] is a fundamental problem ...... and A. Shapiro, eds., Stochastic Programming, Handbooks in Op-.

40

2013 NETL CO2 Capture Technology Meeting Sheraton Station Square...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CO2 Capture Technology Meeting Sheraton Station Square, Pittsburgh, PA July 8 - 11, 2013 ION Novel Solvent System for CO 2 Capture FE0005799 Nathan Brown ION Engineering...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Derivation of the coefficient squared probability law in quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

If one assumes there is probability of perception in quantum mechanics, then unitarity dictates that it must have the coefficient squared form, in agreement with experiment.

Casey Blood

2013-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

42

Efficient approximate Regularized Least Squares by Toeplitz matrix  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Machine Learning based on the Regularized Least Squares (RLS) model requires one to solve a system of linear equations. Direct-solution methods exhibit predictable complexity and storage, but often prove impractical for large-scale problems; iterative ... Keywords: Digital signal processor, Large-scale learning, Levinson-Trench-Zohar algorithm, Regularized Least Squares, Resources limited device, Toeplitz matrix

Sergio Decherchi; Paolo Gastaldo; Rodolfo Zunino

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Process hazards analysis (PrHA) program, bridging accident analyses and operational safety  

SciTech Connect

Recently the Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR) for the Plutonium Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Technical Area 55 (TA-55) was revised and submitted to the US. Department of Energy (DOE). As a part of this effort, over seventy Process Hazards Analyses (PrHAs) were written and/or revised over the six years prior to the FSAR revision. TA-55 is a research, development, and production nuclear facility that primarily supports US. defense and space programs. Nuclear fuels and material research; material recovery, refining and analyses; and the casting, machining and fabrication of plutonium components are some of the activities conducted at TA-35. These operations involve a wide variety of industrial, chemical and nuclear hazards. Operational personnel along with safety analysts work as a team to prepare the PrHA. PrHAs describe the process; identi fy the hazards; and analyze hazards including determining hazard scenarios, their likelihood, and consequences. In addition, the interaction of the process to facility systems, structures and operational specific protective features are part of the PrHA. This information is rolled-up to determine bounding accidents and mitigating systems and structures. Further detailed accident analysis is performed for the bounding accidents and included in the FSAR. The FSAR is part of the Documented Safety Analysis (DSA) that defines the safety envelope for all facility operations in order to protect the worker, the public, and the environment. The DSA is in compliance with the US. Code of Federal Regulations, 10 CFR 830, Nuclear Safety Management and is approved by DOE. The DSA sets forth the bounding conditions necessary for the safe operation for the facility and is essentially a 'license to operate.' Safely of day-to-day operations is based on Hazard Control Plans (HCPs). Hazards are initially identified in the PrI-IA for the specific operation and act as input to the HCP. Specific protective features important to worker safety are incorporated so the worker can readily identify the safety parameters of the their work. System safety tools such as Preliminary Hazard Analysis, What-If Analysis, Hazard and Operability Analysis as well as other techniques as necessary provide the groundwork for both determining bounding conditions for facility safety, operational safety, and day-to-clay worker safety.

Richardson, J. A. (Jeanne A.); McKernan, S. A. (Stuart A.); Vigil, M. J. (Michael J.)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Table 2a. Electricity Consumption and Electricity Intensities, per Square  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

assistance viewing this page, please call (202) 586-8800. Energy Information Administration Home Page Home > Commercial Buildings Home > Sq Ft Tables > Table 2a. Electricity Consumption per Sq Ft Table 2a. Electricity Consumption and Electricity Intensities, per Square Foot, Specific to Occupied and Vacant Floorspace, 1992 Building Characteristics All Buildings Using Electricity (thousand) Total Electricity Consumption (trillion Btu) Electricity Intensities (thousand Btu) In Total Floor space In Occupied Floor space In Vacant Floor space Per Square Foot Per Occupied Square Foot Per Vacant Square Foot All Buildings 4,590 2,600 2,563 37 39 42 8 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 2,532 334 331 3 48 51 6 5,001 to 10,000 946 250 247 3 36 38 6 10,001 to 25,000

45

The distribution of prime numbers on the square root spiral  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prime Numbers clearly accumulate on defined spiral graphs,which run through the Square Root Spiral. These spiral graphs can be assigned to different spiral-systems, in which all spiral-graphs have the same direction of rotation and the same -second difference- between the numbers, which lie on these spiral-graphs. A mathematical analysis shows, that these spiral graphs are caused exclusively by quadratic polynomials. For example the well known Euler Polynomial x2+x+41 appears on the Square Root Spiral in the form of three spiral-graphs, which are defined by three different quadratic polynomials. All natural numbers,divisible by a certain prime factor, also lie on defined spiral graphs on the Square Root Spiral (or Spiral of Theodorus, or Wurzelspirale). And the Square Numbers 4, 9, 16, 25, 36 even form a highly three-symmetrical system of three spiral graphs, which divides the square root spiral into three equal areas. Fibonacci number sequences also play a part in the structure of the Square Root Spiral. With the help of the Number-Spiral, described by Mr. Robert Sachs, a comparison can be drawn between the Square Root Spiral and the Ulam Spiral. The shown sections of his study of the number spiral contain diagrams, which are related to my analysis results, especially in regards to the distribution of prime numbers.

Harry K. Hahn; Robert Sachs

2008-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

46

Recollecting history : songs, flags and a Syrian square  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Symbols have played a major role in the development of a Syrian national identity since the beginning of the 20th century. These representations are national, official, and/or public (flag, song, and square), that are ...

Sergie, Lina, 1974-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Sparse non-linear least squares optimization for geometric vision  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several estimation problems in vision involve the minimization of cumulative geometric error using non-linear least-squares fitting. Typically, this error is characterized by the lack of interdependence among certain subgroups of the parameters to be ...

Manolis I. A. Lourakis

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

A Unification of Ensemble Square Root Kalman Filters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, several ensemble-based Kalman filter algorithms have been developed that have been classified as ensemble square root Kalman filters. Parallel to this development, the singular “evolutive” interpolated Kalman (SEIK) filter has ...

Lars Nerger; Tijana Janji?; Jens Schröter; Wolfgang Hiller

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Fast Rates for Regularized Least-squares Algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a theoretical analysis of generalization performances of regularized least-squares on reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces for supervised learning. We show that the concept of effective dimension of an integral ...

Caponnetto, Andrea

2005-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

50

Least Squares Reconstruction of Doppler Radar Spectra for Irregular PRT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A least squares method for the reconstruction of Doppler spectra of weather radars with irregular pulse repetition time used to increase the range of unambiguous velocity is presented and evaluated. This method is a robust spectral method that is ...

John Kalogiros

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

MC Squared Energy Services, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MC Squared Energy Services, LLC MC Squared Energy Services, LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name MC Squared Energy Services, LLC Place Illinois Utility Id 56379 Utility Location Yes Ownership R RTO PJM Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Commercial: $0.0700/kWh Industrial: $0.0747/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=MC_Squared_Energy_Services,_LLC&oldid=411021"

52

Electric Mean Squared Radii of Lambda(1405) in Chiral Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electric mean squared radii _E of Lambda(1405) are calculated in the chiral unitary model. We describe the Lambda(1405) as a dynamically generated resonance fully in the octet meson and octet baryon scattering. We also consider ``Lambda(1405)'' as a bound state of KbarN. For the later ``Lambda(1405),'' we obtain negative and larger absolute value of electric mean squared radius than that of ordinary baryons, which implies that Lambda(1405) have structure of widely spread K^- around p.

T. Sekihara; T. Hyodo; D. Jido

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

53

Table 1a. Effective, Occupied, and Vacant Square Footage, 1992  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a. Occupied and Vacant Sq Ft a. Occupied and Vacant Sq Ft Table 1a. Effective, Occupied, and Vacant Square Footage, 1992 Building Characteristics All Buildings (thousand) Total Floorspace (million square feet) Total Occupied Floorspace (million square feet) Total Vacant Floorspace (million square feet) Occupied Square Footage as a Percent of Total All Buildings 4,779 67,072 61,325 5,746 91 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 2,678 7,321 6,662 659 90 5,001 to 10,000 966 7,140 6,544 596 91 10,001 to 25,000 641 10,285 9,432 853 91 25,001 to 50,000 274 9,872 8,963 909 90 50,001 to 100,000 114 7,957 7,297 659 91 100,001 to 200,000 70 9,619 8,966 652 93 200,001 to 500,000 25 7,788 7,201 586 92 Over 500,000 9 7,087 6,257 829 88 Principal Building Activity Education 309 8,815 8,221 593 93 Food Sales and Service 413 2,375 2,166

54

Numerical Simulations of the Island-Induced Circulations over the Island of Hawaii during HaRP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fifth-generation Pennsylvania State University–NCAR Mesoscale Model (MM5)/land surface model (LSM) is used to simulate the diurnal island-scale circulations over the island of Hawaii during the Hawaiian Rainband Project (HaRP, 11 July–24 ...

Yang Yang; Yi-Leng Chen; Francis M. Fujioka

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

A revisit to block and recursive least squares for parameter estimation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the classical least squares (LS) and recursive least squares (RLS) for parameter estimation have been re-examined in the light of the present day computing capabilities. It has been demonstrated that for linear time-invariant systems, ... Keywords: Blockwise least squares (BLS), Change detection, Recursive least squares (RLS), Sliding window blockwise least squares (SWBLS), Variable-length window

Jin Jiang; Youmin Zhang

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Organic light-emitting diodes from homoleptic square planar complexes  

SciTech Connect

Homoleptic square planar complexes [M(N.LAMBDA.N).sub.2], wherein two identical N.LAMBDA.N bidentate anionic ligands are coordinated to the M(II) metal center, including bidentate square planar complexes of triazolates, possess optical and electrical properties that make them useful for a wide variety of optical and electrical devices and applications. In particular, the complexes are useful for obtaining white or monochromatic organic light-emitting diodes ("OLEDs"). Improved white organic light emitting diode ("WOLED") designs have improved efficacy and/or color stability at high brightness in single- or two-emitter white or monochrome OLEDs that utilize homoleptic square planar complexes, including bis[3,5-bis(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazolato]platinum(II) ("Pt(ptp).sub.2").

Omary, Mohammad A

2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

57

Latin-square three-dimensional gage master  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gage master for coordinate measuring machines has an nxn array of objects distributed in the Z coordinate utilizing the concept of a Latin square experimental design. Using analysis of variance techniques, the invention may be used to identify sources of error in machine geometry and quantify machine accuracy.

Jones, L.

1981-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

58

A multivariate version of Hoeffding's Phi-Square  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A multivariate measure of association is proposed, which extends the bivariate copula-based measure Phi-Square introduced by Hoeffding [22]. We discuss its analytical properties and calculate its explicit value for some copulas of simple form; a simulation ... Keywords: Copula, Empirical copula process, Multivariate measure of association, Nonparametric bootstrap, Nonparametric estimation, Primary, Secondary, Strong mixing, Weak convergence

Sandra Gaiíer; Martin Ruppert; Friedrich Schmid

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Multi-ring performance of the Kendall square multiprocessor  

SciTech Connect

Performance of the hierarchical shared-memory system of the Kendall Square Research multiprocessor is measured and characterized. The performance of prefetch is measured. Latency, bandwidth, and contention are analyzed on a 4-ring, 128 processor system. Scalability comparisons are made with other shared-memory and distributed-memory multiprocessors.

Dunigan, T.H.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Precise root-mean-square radius of {sup 4}He  

SciTech Connect

We study the world data on elastic electron-helium scattering to determine the {sup 4}He charge root-mean-square radius. A precise value for this radius is needed as a reference for a number of ongoing studies in nuclear and atomic physics.

Sick, Ingo [Dept. fuer Physik, Universitaet Basel, CH4056 Basel (Switzerland)

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Renewal series and square-root boundaries for Bessel processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show how a description of Brownian exponential functionals as a renewal series gives access to the law of the hitting time of a square-root boundary by a Bessel process. This extends classical results by Breiman and Shepp, concerning Brownian motion, and recovers by different means, extensions for Bessel processes, obtained independently by Delong and Yor.

Enriquez, Nathanael; Yor, Marc

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

New Square, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Square, New York: Energy Resources Square, New York: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.13965°, -74.028612° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.13965,"lon":-74.028612,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

63

Mercerville-Hamilton Square, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mercerville-Hamilton Square, New Jersey: Energy Resources Mercerville-Hamilton Square, New Jersey: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 40.2292669°, -74.6693186° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.2292669,"lon":-74.6693186,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

64

Frankfort Square, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Square, Illinois: Energy Resources Square, Illinois: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.5189226°, -87.8031048° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.5189226,"lon":-87.8031048,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

65

Square ice, alternating sign matrices and classical orthogonal polynomials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The six-vertex model with Domain Wall Boundary Conditions, or square ice, is considered for particular values of its parameters, corresponding to 1-, 2-, and 3-enumerations of Alternating Sign Matrices (ASMs). Using Hankel determinant representations for the partition function and the boundary correlator of homogeneous square ice, it is shown how the ordinary and refined enumerations can be derived in a very simple and straightforward way. The derivation is based on the standard relationship between Hankel determinants and orthogonal polynomials. For the particular sets of parameters corresponding to 1-, 2-, and 3-enumerations of ASMs, the Hankel determinant can be naturally related to Continuous Hahn, Meixner-Pollaczek, and Continuous Dual Hahn polynomials, respectively. This observation allows for a unified and simplified treatment of ASMs enumerations. In particular, along the lines of the proposed approach, we provide a complete solution to the long standing problem of the refined 3-enumeration of AMSs.

F. Colomo; A. G. Pronko

2004-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

66

Square wells, quantum wells and ultra-thin metallic films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The eigenvalue equations for the energy of bound states of a particle in a square well are solved, and the exact solutions are obtained, as power series. Accurate analytical approximate solutions are also given. The application of these results in the physics of quantum wells are discussed,especially for ultra-thin metallic films, but also in the case of resonant cavities, heterojunction lasers, revivals and super-revivals.

Victor Barsan

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

67

DESIGN OF PHASE INDUCED AMPLITUDE APODIZATION CORONAGRAPHS OVER SQUARE APERTURES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to present the results of a theoretical study pertaining to the feasibility of Phase Induced Amplitude Apodization (PIAA) units using deformable mirrors (DMs). We begin by reviewing the general derivation of the design equations driving PIAA. We then show how to solve these equations for square apertures and show the performance of pure PIAA systems in the ray optics regime. We tie these design equations into the study of edge diffraction effects and provide a general expression for the field after a full propagation through a PIAA coronagraph. Third, we illustrate how a combination of pre- and post-apodizers yields a contrast of 10{sup -10} even in the presence of diffractive effects, for configuration with neither wavefront errors or wavefront control. Finally, we present novel PIAA configurations over square apertures which circumvent the constraints on the manufacturing of PIAA optics by inducing the apodization with two square DMs. Such solutions rely on pupil size smaller than currently envisioned static PIAA solutions and thus require aggressive pre- and post-apodizing screens in order to mitigate for diffractive effect between the two mirrors. As a result they are associated with significant loss in performance, throughput in particular.

Pueyo, Laurent [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 366 Bloomberg Center, 3400 N. Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Jeremy Kasdin, N.; Carlotti, Alexis [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Vanderbei, Robert, E-mail: lap@pha.jhu.edu [Department of Operations Research and Financial Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Positive Scattering Cross Sections using Constrained Least Squares  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method which creates a positive Legendre expansion from truncated Legendre cross section libraries is presented. The cross section moments of order two and greater are modified by a constrained least squares algorithm, subject to the constraints that the zeroth and first moments remain constant, and that the standard discrete ordinate scattering matrix is positive. A method using the maximum entropy representation of the cross section which reduces the error of these modified moments is also presented. These methods are implemented in PARTISN, and numerical results from a transport calculation using highly anisotropic scattering cross sections with the exponential discontinuous spatial scheme is presented.

Dahl, J.A.; Ganapol, B.D.; Morel, J.E.

1999-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

69

Rotor-router aggregation on the layered square lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In rotor-router aggregation on the square lattice Z^2, particles starting at the origin perform deterministic analogues of random walks until reaching an unoccupied site. The limiting shape of the cluster of occupied sites is a disk. We consider a small change to the routing mechanism for sites on the x- and y-axes, resulting in a limiting shape which is a diamond instead of a disk. We show that for a certain choice of initial rotors, the occupied cluster grows as a perfect diamond.

Kager, Wouter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Average Square Footage of Midwest Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 1 Average Square Footage of Midwest Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total Midwest",25.9,2272,1898,1372,912,762,551 "Midwest Divisions and States" "East North Central",17.9,2251,1869,1281,892,741,508 "Illinois",4.8,2186,1911,1451,860,752,571 "Michigan",3.8,1954,1559,962,729,582,359 "Wisconsin",2.3,2605,2091,1258,1105,887,534

71

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Average Square Footage of West Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 3 Average Square Footage of West Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total West",24.8,1708,1374,800,628,506,294 "West Divisions and States" "Mountain",7.9,1928,1695,1105,723,635,415 "Mountain North",3.9,2107,1858,912,776,684,336 "Colorado",1.9,2082,1832,722,896,788,311 "Idaho, Montana, Utah, Wyoming",2,2130,1883,1093,691,610,354

72

Y-12 Lease Summary Address* (Description) Square Footage Lease Term Expiration Date  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Y-12 Lease Summary Y-12 Lease Summary Address* (Description) Square Footage Lease Term Expiration Date Onsite Leases 602 Scarboro Rd (New Hope Center) 137,758 square feet Five years 05/04/2012 301 Bear Creek Rd (Jack Case Center) 411,837 square feet Five years 05/04/2012 Offsite Leases 200 Summit Place (Records Storage) 24,585 square feet Five years 5/31/2015 113C Union Valley Rd (Analytical Lab) 18,450 square feet Five years 10/24/2015 115 Union Valley Rd (Warehouse) 28,800 square feet Five years 07/20/2015 1099 Commerce Park Dr. (UPF Project) 64,960 square feet One year 09/30/2011 2410 Cherahala Boulevard (UPF Project) 32,058 square feet Six Months 12/31/2011 Knoxville, Tennessee * Oak Ridge, Tennessee unless noted otherwise.

73

Directional Distributions and Mean Square Slopes in the Equilibrium and Saturation Ranges of the Wave Spectrum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Field observations show that the crosswind component constitutes a significant portion of the ocean surface mean square slope. The average ratio between the crosswind and upwind mean square slope components is 0.88 in slick-covered ocean ...

Paul A. Hwang; David W. Wang

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Dudley Square : a public building as a catalyst for urban revitalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dudley Square in Roxbury, Massachusetts serves as the economic and commercial center for Boston's minority community. Between 1650 and 1950 the Dudley Square area grew in importance to become a major economic center outside ...

Raymond, Harold Ray

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

A square root analog to digital converter to optimally convert photonic signals for computed tomography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The arrival of photons at a given location is a Poisson process with an associated shot noise which rises with the square root of the number of photons received. An analog-to-digital converter (ADC) with a square root ...

Bieniosek, Matthew (Matthew F.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Recent developments: PKI square dish for the Soleras Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Square Dish solar collectors are subjected to rigorous design attention regarding corrosion at the site, and certification of the collector structure. The microprocessor controls and tracking mechanisms are improved in the areas of fail safe operations, durability, and low parasitic power requirements. Prototype testing demonstrates performance efficiency of approximately 72% at 730 F outlet temperature. Studies are conducted that include developing formal engineering design studies, developing formal engineering design drawing and fabrication details, establishing subcontracts for fabrication of major components, and developing a rigorous quality control system. The improved design is more cost effective to product and the extensive manuals developed for assembly and operation/maintenance result in faster field assembly and ease of operation.

Rogers, W.E.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

A virtual square grid-based coverage algorithm of redundant node for wireless sensor network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A virtual square grid-based coverage algorithm (VSGCA) is proposed in this paper. Each sensor node divides its sensing range into virtual square grids, if all the grids are covered by neighbors, the target node is redundant node. Compared with some previous ... Keywords: Coverage, Energy conservation, Square grid, Wireless sensor network (WSN)

Yanheng Liu; Longxiang Suo; Dayang Sun; Aimin Wang

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Science With The Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The future of cm and m-wave astronomy lies with the Square Kilometre Array (SKA), a telescope under development by a consortium of 17 countries that will be 50 times more sensitive than any existing radio facility. Most of the key science for the SKA will be addressed through large-area imaging of the Universe at frequencies from a few hundred MHz to a few GHz. The Australian SKA Pathfinder (ASKAP) is a technology demonstrator aimed in the mid-frequency range, and achieves instantaneous wide-area imaging through the development and deployment of phased-array feed systems on parabolic reflectors. The large field-of-view makes ASKAP an unprecedented synoptic telescope that will make substantial advances in SKA key science. ASKAP will be located at the Murchison Radio Observatory in inland Western Australia, one of the most radio-quiet locations on the Earth and one of two sites selected by the international community as a potential location for the SKA. In this paper, we outline an ambitious science program for ASKAP, examining key science such as understanding the evolution, formation and population of galaxies including our own, understanding the magnetic Universe, revealing the transient radio sky and searching for gravitational waves.

Simon Johnston

2007-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

79

LDA - Measurements of Transitional Flows Induced by a Square Rib  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New fundamental measurements are presented for the transition process in flat plate boundary layers downstream of two-dimensional square ribs. By use of laser Doppler anemometry (LDA) and a large Matched-Index-of-Refraction (MIR) flow system, data for wall-normal fluctuations and Reynolds stresses were obtained in the near wall region to y+<0.1 in addition to the usual mean streamwise velocity component and its fluctuation. By varying velocity and rib height, the experiment investigated the following range of conditions: k+ = 5.5 to 21, 0.3

Becker, S.; Durst, F.; Stoots, Carl Marcel; Condie, Keith Glenn; McEligot, Donald Marinus

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

The ordered distribution of natural numbers on the square root spiral  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural numbers divisible by the same prime factor lie on defined spiral graphs which are running through the Square Root Spiral (also named as the Spiral of Theodorus or Wurzel Spirale or Einstein Spiral). Prime Numbers also clearly accumulate on such spiral graphs. And the square numbers 4, 9, 16, 25, 36,... form a highly three-symmetrical system of three spiral graphs, which divides the square-root-spiral into three equal areas. A mathematical analysis shows that these spiral graphs are defined by quadratic polynomials. Fibonacci number sequences also play a part in the structure of the Square Root Spiral. Fibonacci Numbers divide the Square Root Spiral into areas and angle sectors with constant proportions. These proportions are linked to the golden mean (or golden section), which behaves as a self-avoiding-walk-constant in the lattice-like structure of the square root spiral.

Harry K. Hahn; Kay Schoenberger

2007-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Average Square Footage of Mobile Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 6 Average Square Footage of Mobile Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total Mobile Homes",6.9,1087,985,746,413,375,283 "Census Region" "Northeast",0.5,1030,968,711,524,492,362 "Midwest",1.1,1090,1069,595,400,392,218 "South",3.9,1128,1008,894,423,378,335 "West",1.4,995,867,466,369,322,173 "Urban and Rural3" "Urban",3.5,1002,919,684,396,364,271

82

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Average Square Footage of South Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 2 Average Square Footage of South Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total South",42.1,1867,1637,1549,732,642,607 "South Divisions and States" "South Atlantic",22.2,1944,1687,1596,771,668,633 "Virginia",3,2227,1977,1802,855,759,692 "Georgia",3.5,2304,1983,1906,855,736,707 "Florida",7,1668,1432,1509,690,593,625 "DC, DE, MD, WV",3.4,2218,1831,1440,864,713,561

83

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Average Square Footage of Single-Family Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 4 Average Square Footage of Single-Family Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total Single-Family",78.6,2422,2002,1522,880,727,553 "Census Region" "Northeast",12.7,2843,2150,1237,1009,763,439 "Midwest",19.2,2721,2249,1664,1019,842,624 "South",29.7,2232,1945,1843,828,722,684 "West",16.9,2100,1712,1009,725,591,348 "Urban and Rural3"

84

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Average Square Footage of Northeast Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 0 Average Square Footage of Northeast Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total Northeast",20.8,2121,1663,921,836,656,363 "Northeast Divisions and States" "New England",5.5,2232,1680,625,903,680,253 "Massachusetts",2.5,2076,1556,676,850,637,277 "CT, ME, NH, RI, VT",3,2360,1781,583,946,714,234 "Mid-Atlantic",15.3,2080,1657,1028,813,647,402

85

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Average Square Footage of Multi-Family Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 5 Average Square Footage of Multi-Family Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total Multi-Family",28.1,930,807,535,453,393,261 "Census Region" "Northeast",7.6,991,897,408,471,426,194 "Midwest",5.6,957,857,518,521,466,282 "South",8.4,924,846,819,462,423,410 "West",6.5,843,606,329,374,269,146 "Urban and Rural3" "Urban",26.9,927,803,531,450,390,258

86

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 Average Square Footage of U.S. Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" 9 Average Square Footage of U.S. Homes, by Housing Characteristics, 2009" " Final" ,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",,,"Average Square Footage Per Household Member" "Housing Characteristics","Millions","Total2","Heated","Cooled","Total2","Heated","Cooled" "Total",113.6,1971,1644,1230,766,639,478 "Census Region" "Northeast",20.8,2121,1663,921,836,656,363 "Midwest",25.9,2272,1898,1372,912,762,551 "South",42.1,1867,1637,1549,732,642,607 "West",24.8,1708,1374,800,628,506,294 "Urban and Rural3" "Urban",88.1,1857,1546,1148,728,607,450

87

Hierarchical Disaster Image Classification for Situation Report Enhancement Yimin Yang, Hsin-Yu Ha, Fausto Fleites, Shu-Ching Chen, Steven Luis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

response situations. The HDIC framework classifies images into different disaster categories and subHierarchical Disaster Image Classification for Situation Report Enhancement Yimin Yang, Hsin-Yu Ha In this paper, a hierarchical disaster image classification (HDIC) framework based on multi-source data fusion

Chen, Shu-Ching

88

Fully complex-valued radial basis function networks: Orthogonal least squares regression and classification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a fully complex-valued radial basis function (RBF) network for regression and classification applications. For regression problems, the locally regularised orthogonal least squares (LROLS) algorithm aided with the D-optimality experimental ... Keywords: Classification, Complex-valued radial basis function network, D-optimality experimental design, Fisher ratio of class separability measure, Orthogonal least squares algorithm, Regression

S. Chen; X. Hong; C. J. Harris; L. Hanzo

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Least-Squares Spectral Method for the solution of a fractional advection-dispersion equation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fractional derivatives provide a general approach for modeling transport phenomena occurring in diverse fields. This article describes a Least Squares Spectral Method for solving advection-dispersion equations using Caputo or Riemann-Liouville fractional ... Keywords: Advection-dispersion, Anomalous diffusion, Anomalous transport, Caputo derivative, Fractional derivative, Least-Squares, Riemann-Liouville derivative, Riesz derivative, Spectral Method

Alfredo RaúL Carella; Carlos Alberto Dorao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Generation of pornographic blacklist and its incremental update using an inverse chi-square based method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presented an inverse chi-square based web content classification system that works along with an incremental update mechanism for incremental generation of pornographic blacklist. The proposed system, as indicated from the experimental results, ... Keywords: Incremental update, Inverse chi-square function, Pornographic blacklist, Web content classification

Lung-Hao Lee; Cheng-Jye Luh

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Applying least squares support vector machines to the airframe wing-box structural design cost estimation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research used the least squares support vector machines (LS-SVM) method to estimate the project design cost of an airframe wing-box structure. We also compared the estimation performance using back-propagation neural networks (BPN) and statistical ... Keywords: Airframe structure, Back-propagation neural networks, Cost estimation, Least squares support vector machines, Response surface methodology

S. Deng; Tsung-Han Yeh

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Algorithm 741: least-squares solution of a linear, bordered, block-diagonal system of equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A package of Fortran subroutines is presented for the least-squares solution of a system of overdetermined, full-rank, linear equations with single-bordered block-diagonal structure. This structure allows for a natural sequential processing, one block ... Keywords: bordered block-diagonal equations, least-squares solutions, sparse systems

Richard D. Ray

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Field Evaluation of the Comanagement of Utility Low-Volume Wastes with High-Volume Coal Combustion By-Products: HA Site  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Typically, utilities comanage some or all of their low-volume wastes with their high-volume by-products in disposal facilities. This report presents the results of a field study of comanagement of coal combustion by-products at a utility-owned impoundment in the midwestern United States (HA site). The findings from this research provided technical information for use in a study of comanagement practices by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

2000-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

94

Supercomputers Crack Sixty-Trillionth Binary Digit of Pi-Squared |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Supercomputers Crack Sixty-Trillionth Binary Digit of Pi-Squared Supercomputers Crack Sixty-Trillionth Binary Digit of Pi-Squared Supercomputers Crack Sixty-Trillionth Binary Digit of Pi-Squared April 28, 2011 - 11:28am Addthis David H. Bailey | Photo Courtesy of Lawrence Berkely National Lab David H. Bailey | Photo Courtesy of Lawrence Berkely National Lab Linda Vu What are the key facts? Australian researchers have found the sixty-trillionth binary digit of Pi-squared. The calculation would have taken a single computer processor unit (CPU) 1,500 years to calculate, but it took just a few months on IBM's "BlueGene/P" supercomputer, which is designed to run continuously at one quadrillion calculations per second. Pi is one of the most mysterious numbers in mathematics and can never be expressed as a finite decimal number -- humanity will never have

95

Ocean Interpolation by Four-Dimensional Weighted Least Squares—Application to the Waters around Australasia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new four-dimensional ocean interpolation system based on locally weighted least squares fitting is presented. A loess filter is used to interpolate irregularly spaced data onto a uniform grid. This involves projecting the data onto quadratic ...

K. R. Ridgway; J. R. Dunn; J. L. Wilkin

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Approximate square-root-time relaxation in glass-forming liquids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present data for the dielectric relaxation of 43 glass-forming organic liquids, showing that the primary (alpha) relaxation is often close to square-root-time relaxation. The better an inverse power-law description of the high-frequency loss applies, the more accurately is square-root-time relaxation obeyed. These findings suggest that square-root-time relaxation is generic to the alpha process, once a common view, but since long believed to be incorrect. Only liquids with very large dielectric losses deviate from this picture by having consistently narrower loss peaks. As a further challenge to the prevailing opinion, we find that liquids with accurate square-root-time relaxation cover a wide range of fragilities.

Albena I. Nielsen; Tage Christensen; Bo Jakobsen; Kristine Niss; Niels Boye Olsen; Ranko Richert; Jeppe C. Dyre

2007-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

97

Numerical Investigation of Turbulent Natural Convection in Differentially Heated Square Cavities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the numerical simulation of turbulent natural convection in cavities heated from the side. Three cases are considered: an air?filled square cavity of size 0.75 m

Sonja Schmelter; Gert Lindner; Gudrun Wendt; Regine Model

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Least Squares Retrieval of Microburst Winds from Single-Doppler Radar Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A least squares (LS) method is developed for retrieving low-altitude winds from single-Doppler radar scans. The method is tested with Denver airport microburst data and the results compared with the previously developed simple adjoint (SA) ...

Chong-Jian Qiu; Qin Xu

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Implications of the Form of the Ensemble Transformation in the Ensemble Square Root Filters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper considers implications of different forms of the ensemble transformation in the ensemble square root filters (ESRFs) for the performance of ESRF-based data assimilation systems. It highlights the importance of using mean-preserving ...

Pavel Sakov; Peter R. Oke

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Skill Scores Based on the Mean Square Error and Their Relationships to the Correlation Coefficient  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several skill scores are defined, based on the mean-square-error measure of accuracy and alternative climatological standards of reference. Decompositions of these skill scores are formulated, each of which is shown to possess terms involving 1) ...

Allan H. Murphy

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Matching method and exact solvability of discrete PT-symmetric square wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Discrete PT-symmetric square wells are studied. Their wave functions are found proportional to classical Tshebyshev polynomials of complex argument. The compact secular equations for energies are derived giving the real spectra in certain intervals of non-Hermiticity strengths Z. It is amusing to notice that although the known square well re-emerges in the usual continuum limit, a twice as rich, upside-down symmetric spectrum is exhibited by all its present discretized predecessors.

Miloslav Znojil

2006-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

102

An optical pattern recognition architecture implementing the mean-square-error correlation algorithm  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to optical computing and image and pattern recognition systems and techniques in general and, more particularly, to an optical architecture for accomplishing real-time two-dimensional pattern recognition by implementing the so-called Mean-Square-Error'' correlation algorithm (also referred to as the Difference-Squared Error'' algorithm) for discriminating, i.e., recognizing two-dimensional patterns in gray-scale images. 16 figs.

Molley, P.A.

1990-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

103

Justice Square  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into sunrise in Mashhad, Iran Sound of EKG Monitors fadesMORNING TITLE CARD: MASHHAD, IRAN The CALL TO PRAYER soundsBENHAM If we can get you into Iran you have a good chance at

Deratany, Jay Paul

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Advanced Online Flux Mapping of CANDU PHWR by Least-Squares Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A least-squares method that solves both the core neutronics design equations and the in-core detector response equations on the least-squares principle is presented as a new advanced online flux-mapping method for CANada Deuterium Uranium (CANDU) pressurized heavy water reactors (PHWRs). The effectiveness of the new flux-mapping method is examined in terms of online flux-mapping calculations with numerically simulated true flux distribution and detector signals and those with the actual core-follow data for the Wolsong CANDU PHWRs in Korea. The effects of core neutronics models as well as the detector failures and uncertainties of measured detector signals on the effectiveness of the least-squares flux-mapping calculations are also examined.The following results are obtained. The least-squares method predicts the flux distribution in better agreement with the simulated true flux distribution than the standard core neutronics calculations by the finite difference method (FDM) computer code without using the detector signals. The adoption of the nonlinear nodal method based on the unified nodal method formulation instead of the FDM results in a significant improvement in prediction accuracy of the flux-mapping calculations. The detector signals estimated from the least-squares flux-mapping calculations are much closer to the measured detector signals than those from the flux synthesis method (FSM), the current online flux-mapping method for CANDU reactors. The effect of detector failures is relatively small so that the plant can tolerate up to 25% of detector failures without seriously affecting the plant operation. The detector signal uncertainties aggravate accuracy of the flux-mapping calculations, yet the effects of signal uncertainties of the order of 1% standard deviation can be tolerable without seriously degrading the prediction accuracy of the least-squares method. The least-squares method is disadvantageous because it requires longer CPU time than the existing FSM. Considering ever-increasing computer speed and the improved operational safety margin of CANDU reactors gained by accurate flux-mapping calculations, however, it is concluded that the least-squares method presents an effective alternative to the existing flux-mapping method for CANDU reactors.

Hong, In Seob [Seoul National University (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Chang Hyo [Seoul National University (Korea, Republic of); Suk, Ho Chun [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (Korea, Republic of)

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

105

Table 5a. Total District Heat Consumption per Effective Occupied Square  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a. Total District Heat Consumption per Effective a. Total District Heat Consumption per Effective Occupied Square Foot, 1992 Building Characteristics All Buildings Using District Heat (thousand) Total District Heat Consumption (trillion Btu) District Heat Intensities (thousand Btu) Per Square Foot Per Effective Occupied Square Foot All Buildings 94 429 84 93 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 18 Q Q Q 5,001 to 10,000 11 Q Q Q 10,001 to 25,000 28 65 144 155 25,001 to 50,000 16 Q Q Q 50,001 to 100,000 9 50 79 81 100,001 to 200,000 6 59 76 79 200,001 to 500,000 5 109 71 77 Over 500,000 1 65 62 80 Principal Building Activity Education 22 50 71 78 Food Sales and Service Q Q Q Q Health Care 3 57 100 142 Lodging 9 66 112 116 Mercantile and Service 9 Q Q Q Office 24 110 63 70 Public Assembly 10 23 64 66 Public Order and Safety Q Q Q Q Religious Worship Q Q Q Q Warehouse and Storage

106

Levy path integral approach to the solution of the fractional Schrödinger equation with infinite square well  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The solution to the fractional Schr\\"odinger equation with infinite square well is obtained in this paper, by use of the L\\'evy path integral approach. We obtain the even and odd parity wave functions of this problem, which are in accordance with those given by Laskin in [Chaos 10 (2000), 780--790].

Dong Jianping

2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

107

Contributed paper: Robust digital watermarking in PDTDFB domain based on least squares support vector machine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geometric distortion is known as one of the most difficult attacks to resist, for it can desynchronize the location of the watermark and hence causes incorrect watermark detection. It is a challenging work to design a robust image watermarking scheme ... Keywords: Gaussian-Hermite moment, Geometric distortion, Image watermarking, Least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM), Shiftable complex directional pyramid (PDTDFB)

Hong-Ying Yang, Xiang-Yang Wang, Yan Zhang, Miao E-Nuo

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Use of multiple 4$pi$ radiation sources for quasi-uniform irradiation of square surfaces  

SciTech Connect

The question of distance and location of multiple 4 pi radiation sources from square planar target surfaces is addressed, with the constraint that the surface be irradiated with 80% uniformity. Results of computer calculations are presented, giving source location coordinates for optimum use of the sources under the uniformity constraint. (auth)

Clark, R.W.; Freiwald, D.A.

1973-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Gravity as the square of Yang-Mills: implications for N=8 Supergravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The pure gravity Lagrangian can be written as the "square" of the pure Yang-Mills Lagrangian to second order in coupling constants. This paper uses this form of the gravity Lagrangian as a starting point to arrive at a compact light-cone superspace Lagrangian for N=8 Supergravity to order $\\kappa$^2.

Sudarshan Ananth

2009-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

110

Impact Ionization Model Using Average Energy and Average Square Energy of Distribution Function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impact Ionization Model Using Average Energy and Average Square Energy of Distribution Function Ken relaxation length, v sat ø h''i (¸ 0:05¯m), the energy distribution function is not well described calculation of impact ionization coefficient requires the use of a high energy distribution function because

Dunham, Scott

111

Revenue forecasting using a least-squares support vector regression model in a fuzzy environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Revenue forecasting is difficult but essential for companies that want to create high-quality revenue budgets, especially in an uncertain economic environment with changing government policies. Under these conditions, the subjective judgment of decision ... Keywords: Genetic algorithms, Least-squares support vector regression, Membership function, Revenue forecasting

Kuo-Ping Lin; Ping-Feng Pai; Yu-Ming Lu; Ping-Teng Chang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

2012 Special Issue: Orthogonal least squares based complex-valued functional link network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Functional link networks are single-layered neural networks that impose nonlinearity in the input layer using nonlinear functions of the original input variables. In this paper, we present a fully complex-valued functional link network (CFLN) with multivariate ... Keywords: Complex-valued neural network, Function approximation, Functional link network, Multivariate polynomial, Orthogonal least squares

Md. Faijul Amin; Ramasamy Savitha; Muhammad Ilias Amin; Kazuyuki Murase

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Total least squares in fuzzy system identification: An application to an industrial engine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy models have proved to be a powerful tool for the identification of nonlinear dynamic systems. Their generic nonlinear model representation is particularly useful if information about the structure of the nonlinearity is available. ... Keywords: Gas engine, Identification algorithms, Local model networks, Nonlinear system identification, Steady-state constraints, Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy models, Total least squares

Stefan Jakubek; Christoph Hametner; Nikolaus Keuth

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Weighted least-squares finite elements based on particle imaging velocimetry data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The solution of the Navier-Stokes equations requires that data about the solution is available along the boundary. In some situations, such as particle imaging velocimetry, there is additional data available along a single plane within the domain, and ... Keywords: Data assimilation, Finite element, Least-squares, Particle imaging velocimetry

J. J. Heys; T. A. Manteuffel; S. F. McCormick; M. Milano; J. Westerdale; M. Belohlavek

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Least-Squares Support Vector Machine Approach to Viral Replication Origin Prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Replication of their DNA genomes is a central step in the reproduction of many viruses. Procedures to find replication origins, which are initiation sites of the DNA replication process, are therefore of great importance for controlling the growth and ... Keywords: caudoviruses, feature selection, herpesviruses, least-squares support vector machines, replication origins

Raul Cruz-Cano; David S. H. Chew; Kwok-Pui Choi; Ming-Ying Leung

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Neural data fusion algorithms based on a linearly constrained least square method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two novel neural data fusion algorithms based on a linearly constrained least square (LCLS) method are proposed. While the LCLS method is used to minimize the energy of the linearly fused information, two neural-network algorithms are developed to overcome ...

Youshen Xia; H. Leung; E. Bosse

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

DIVERGENCE-FREE AND CURL-FREE WAVELETS ON THE SQUARE FOR NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DIVERGENCE-FREE AND CURL-FREE WAVELETS ON THE SQUARE FOR NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS SOULEYMANE KADRI Grenoble cedex 9, France August 30, 2011 Abstract We present a construction of divergence-free and curl-free and integration. We introduce new BMRAs and wavelets for the spaces of divergence-free and curl-free vector

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

118

Analyzing currency crises' real effects with partial least squares sensitivity analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of a currency crisis on a country's economy depend on non-linear relations among several variables that characterize the economic, financial, legal, and socio-political structure of the country at the onset of the crisis. We seek to determine ... Keywords: Currency crises, partial least squares, variable selection

Ismael E. Arciniegas Rueda; Fabio A. Arciniegas; Mark J. Embrechts

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Physical modelling and particle swarm design of coplanar waveguide square spiral inductor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents simple lumped element equivalent circuit for the coplanar waveguide (CPW) square spiral inductor. The circuit is based on physical modelling which takes into consideration the parasitic effects inherent in the CPW spiral inductor. ... Keywords: circuit modelling, coplanar waveguide, inductor, particle swarm optimization

N. I. Dib; J. I. Ababneh

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Square-wave switching by crossed-polarization gain modulation in vertical-cavity semiconductor lasers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study experimentally and theoretically the effects of crossed-polarization reinjection (XPR) on the output characteristics of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser. We find a set of parameters values for which each polarization component develops a square-wave modulation at a period close to twice the reinjection delay. We analyze the regularity of this modulation in terms of the laser pumping current and of the reinjection level. These observations are numerically reproduced within the spin-flip model modified to account for XPR. In particular, the degradation of the square-wave switching is linked to the finite value of the spin-flip rate, and it occurs when the current approaches the boundaries of polarization bistability.

Mulet, J.; Giudici, M.; Javaloyes, J.; Balle, S. [Institut Mediterrani d'Estudis Avancats, CSIC UIB, E-07071 Palma de Mallorca (Spain)

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Method for exploiting bias in factor analysis using constrained alternating least squares algorithms  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Bias plays an important role in factor analysis and is often implicitly made use of, for example, to constrain solutions to factors that conform to physical reality. However, when components are collinear, a large range of solutions may exist that satisfy the basic constraints and fit the data equally well. In such cases, the introduction of mathematical bias through the application of constraints may select solutions that are less than optimal. The biased alternating least squares algorithm of the present invention can offset mathematical bias introduced by constraints in the standard alternating least squares analysis to achieve factor solutions that are most consistent with physical reality. In addition, these methods can be used to explicitly exploit bias to provide alternative views and provide additional insights into spectral data sets.

Keenan, Michael R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

122

Squares of White Noise, SL(2,C) and Kubo - Martin -Schwinger States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the structure of Kubo - Martin - Schwinger (KMS) states on some extension of the universal enveloping algebra of SL(2,C}. We find that there exists a one-to-one correspondence between the set of all covariant KMS states on this algebra and the set of all probability measures d\\mu on the real half-line, which decrease faster than any inverse polynomial. This problem is connected to the problem of KMS states on square of white noise algebra.

D. V. Prokhorenko

2007-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

123

Magnetic Reversal of an Artificial Square Ice: Dipolar Correlation and Charge Ordering  

SciTech Connect

Magnetic reversal of an artificial square ice pattern subject to a sequence of magnetic fields applied slightly off the diagonal axis is investigated via magnetic force microscopy of the remanent states that result. Sublattice independent reversal is observed via correlated incrementally pinned flip cascades along parallel dipolar chains, as evident from analysis of vertex populations and dipolar correlation functions. Weak dipolar interactions between adjacent chains favour antialignment and give rise to weak charge ordering of 'monopole' vertices during the reversal process.

Stein A.; Morgan J.P.; Langridge S.; Marrows C.H.

2011-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

124

Extended Grimus-Stockinger theorem and inverse square law violation in quantum field theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study higher-order corrections to the Grimus-Stockinger theorem dealing with the large-distance asymptotic behavior of the wave-packet modified neutrino propagator within the framework of field-theoretical description of the neutrino oscillation phenomenon. We discuss the possibility that these corrections are responsible for breakdown of the classical inverse-square law (ISL) at the macroscopic distances. In particular the ISL violation can be an explanation of the well-known reactor antineutrino anomaly.

Naumov, Vadim A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Extended Grimus-Stockinger theorem and inverse square law violation in quantum field theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study higher-order corrections to the Grimus-Stockinger theorem dealing with the large-distance asymptotic behavior of the wave-packet modified neutrino propagator within the framework of field-theoretical description of the neutrino oscillation phenomenon. We discuss the possibility that these corrections are responsible for breakdown of the classical inverse-square law (ISL) at the macroscopic distances. In particular the ISL violation can be an explanation of the well-known reactor antineutrino anomaly.

Vadim A. Naumov; Dmitry S. Shkirmanov

2013-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

126

Semi-flexible interacting self-avoiding trails on the square lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Self-avoiding walks self-interacting via nearest neighbours (ISAW) and self-avoiding trails interacting via multiply-visited sites (ISAT) are two models of the polymer collapse transition of a polymer in dilute solution. On the square lattice it has been established numerically that the collapse transition of each model lies in a different universality class. It has been shown that by adding stiffness to the ISAW model a second low temperature phase eventuates and a more complicated phase diagram ensues with three types of transition that meet at a multi-critical point. For large enough stiffness the collapse transition becomes first-order. Interestingly, a phase diagram of a similar structure has been seen to occur in an extended ISAT model on the triangular lattice without stiffness. It is therefore of interest to see the effect of adding stiffness to the ISAT model. We have studied by computer simulation a generalised model of self-interacting self-avoiding trails on the square lattice with a stiffness parameter added. Intriguingly, we find that stiffness does not change the order of the collapse transition for ISAT on the square lattice for a very wide range of stiffness weights. While at the lengths considered there are clear bimodal distributions for very large stiffness, our numerical evidence strongly suggests that these are simply finite-size effects associated with a crossover to a first-order phase transition at infinite stiffness.

A Bedini; A L Owczarek; T Prellberg

2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

127

Determination of a control parameter in a one-dimensional parabolic equation using the moving least-square approximation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the approximation of moving least-square (MLS) is used for finding the solution of a one-dimensional parabolic inverse problem with source control parameter. Comparing with other numerical methods based on meshes such as finite difference ... Keywords: inverse problem, meshless method, moving least-square approximation, overspecification, parabolic equation

Rongjun Cheng

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

The distribution of natural numbers divisible by 2,3,5,11,13 and 17 on the Square Root Spiral  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The natural numbers divisible by the Prime Factors 2, 3, 5, 11, 13 and 17 lie on defined spiral graphs, which run through the Square Root Spiral. A mathematical analysis shows, that these spiral graphs are defined by specific quadratic polynomials. Basically all natural number which are divisible by the same prime factor lie on such spiral graphs. And these spiral graphs can be assigned to a certain number of Spiral Graph Systems, which have a defined spatial orientation to each other. This document represents a supplementation to my detailed introduction study to the Square Root Spiral, and it contains the missing diagrams and analyses, showing the distribution of the natural numbers divisible by 2, 3, 5, 11, 13 and 17 on the Square Root Spiral. My introduction study to the Square Root Spiral can be found in the arxiv-archive. The title of this study : The ordered distribution of the natural numbers on the Square Root Spiral.

Harry K. Hahn

2008-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

129

The effect of interelement dipole coupling in patterned ultrathin single crystal Fe square arrays  

SciTech Connect

The correlation between the magnetic properties and the interelement separation in patterned arrays of ultrathin single crystal Fe films of 12 monolayers (ML) grown on GaAs(100) has been studied. The critical condition to form single domain remanent states in the square elements was found to be 10 {mu}m in size and 20 {mu}m for the interelement separation. The coercivity was also found to increase with the increasing interelement separation in the patterned arrays. These results are attributed to the competition between the large in-plane uniaxial anisotropy, the demagnetizing field, and interelement dipole coupling as determined semiqualitatively by the ferromagnetic resonance measurements.

Sun Li; Zhai Ya [Department of Physics, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189 (China); Department of Electronics, Spintronics and Nanodevice Laboratory, University of York, York YO10 5DD (United Kingdom); Wong Pingkwanj; Zhang Wen; Xu Yongbing [Department of Electronics, Spintronics and Nanodevice Laboratory, University of York, York YO10 5DD (United Kingdom); Zou Xiao; Wu Jing [Department of Physics, University of York, York YO10 5DD (United Kingdom); Luo Linqiang; Zhai Hongru [National Laboratory of Solid Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Science with the Square Kilometer Array: Motivation, Key Science Projects, Standards and Assumptions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Square Kilometer Array (SKA) represents the next major, and natural, step in radio astronomical facilities, providing two orders of magnitude increase in collecting area over existing telescopes. In a series of meetings, starting in Groningen, the Netherlands (August 2002) and culminating in a `science retreat' in Leiden (November 2003), the SKA International Science Advisory Committee (ISAC), conceived of, and carried-out, a complete revision of the SKA science case (to appear in New Astronomy Reviews). This preface includes: (i) general introductory material, (ii) summaries of the key science programs, and (iii) a detailed listing of standards and assumptions used in the revised science case.

C. Carilli; S. Rawlings

2004-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

131

Spin-projection orientations in the plane square-lattice Ising model with periodic boundary conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The periodic boundary conditions changed the plane square-lattice Ising model to the torus-lattice system which restricts the spin-projection orientations. Only two of the three important spin-projection orientations, parallel to the x-axis or to the y-axis, are suited to the torus-lattice system. The infinitesimal difference of the free-energies of the systems between the two systems mentioned above makes their critical temperatures infinitely close to each other, but their topological fundamental groups are distinct.

You-gang Feng

2005-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

132

Solar-energy-system performance evaluation, Cathedral Square, Burlington, Vermont, July-December 1981  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Cathedral Square solar site is a 10-story multiunit apartment building in Vermont. Its active solar energy system is designed to supply 51% of the hot water load, and consists of 1798 square feet of flat plate collectors, 2699-gallon water tank in an enclosed mechanical room on the roof, and two auxiliary natural gas boilers to supply hot water to immersed heat exchanger in an auxiliary storage tank. The measured solar fraction was only 28%, not 51%, which, it is concluded, is an unreasonable expectation. Other performance data include the solar savings ratio, conventional fuel savings, system performance factor, and solar system coefficient of performance. Monthly performance data are given for the solar system overall, and for the collector, storage, and hot water subsystems. Also included are insolation data, typical storage fluid temperatures, domestic hot water consumption, and solar heat exchangers inlet/outlet temperatures, and typical domestic hot water subsystem temperatures. In addition, the system operating sequence and solar energy utilization are given. Appended are a system description, performance evaluation techniques, long-term weather data. (LEW)

Welch, K.M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Textures in Polygonal Arrangements of Square Nanoparticles in Nematic Liquid Crystals Matrices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A systematic analysis of defect textures in facetted nanoparticles with polygonal configurations embedded in a nematic matrix is performed using the Landau-de Gennes model, homeotropic strong anchoring in a square domain with uniform alignment in the outer boundaries. Defect and textures are analyzed as functions of temperature T, polygon size R, and polygon number N. For nematic nanocomposites, the texture satisfies a defect charge balance equation between bulk and surface (particle corner) charges. Upon decreasing the temperature, the central bulk defects split and together with other -1/2 bulk defects, are absorbed by the nanoparticle's corners. Increasing the lattice size decreases confinement and eliminates bulk defects. Increasing the polygon number increases the central defect charge at high temperature and the number of surface defects at lower temperatures. The excess energy per particle is lower in even than in odd polygons, and it is minimized for a square particle arrangement. These discrete modeling results show for first time that even under strong anchoring, defects are attached to particles as corner defects, leaving behind a low energy homogeneous orientation field that favors nanoparticle ordering in nematic matrices. These new insights are consistent with recent thermodynamic approaches to nematic nanocomposites that predict the existence of novel nematic/crystal phases and can be used to design nanocomposites with orientational and positional order.

Paul M. Phillips; N. Mei; Ezequiel R. Soule; Linda Reven; Alejandro D. Rey

2013-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

134

SHASTA COUNTY The Shasta County Jail is a 115,035 square-foot facility located in Redding. Built in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SHASTA COUNTY The Shasta County Jail is a 115,035 square-foot facility located in Redding. Built in 1984, this facility has an 11-story jail wing attached to a two-story County administrative wing

135

Efficient Local Error Parameterizations for Square Root or Ensemble Kalman Filters: Application to a Basin-Scale Ocean Turbulent Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In large-sized atmospheric or oceanic applications of square root or ensemble Kalman filters, it is often necessary to introduce the prior assumption that long-range correlations are negligible and force them to zero using a local ...

Jean-Michel Brankart; Emmanuel Cosme; Charles-Emmanuel Testut; Pierre Brasseur; Jacques Verron

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

A Square Prism Urban Canopy Scheme for the NHM and Its Evaluation on Summer Conditions in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area, Japan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A single-layered square prism urban canopy (SPUC) scheme for the Japan Meteorological Agency nonhydrostatic model (NHM) was developed. This scheme considers the urban canopy layer with square prism–shaped buildings. The basic concept of this ...

Toshinori Aoyagi; Naoko Seino

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

2013 NETL CO2 Capture Technology Meeting Sheraton Station Square, Pittsburgh, PA  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NETL CO2 Capture Technology Meeting NETL CO2 Capture Technology Meeting Sheraton Station Square, Pittsburgh, PA July 8 - 11, 2013 ION Novel Solvent System for CO 2 Capture FE0005799 Nathan Brown ION Engineering Presentation Outline 2  ION Advanced Solvent Background  Project Overview  Technology Fundamentals  Progress & Current Status  Plans for Future Commercialization  Acknowledgements ION Engineering Background 3 Mission Statement: Develop new solvents and processes for economic removal of CO 2 from industrial emissions. Markets:  Coal-fired flue gas  NGCC-fired flue gas  Sour gas processing 1 st & 2 nd Generation CO 2 Capture 4 Aqueous MEA Commercial Use Existing Commercial Technology Lateral Transfer of Existing Technology Aqueous MEA

138

Effective Occupied and Vacant Square Footage in Commercial Buildigs in 1992  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Effective Occupied and Vacant Sq. Ft. Effective Occupied and Vacant Sq. Ft. Effective Occupied and Vacant Square Footage in Commercial Buildings in 1992 -- A Useful Benchmark of Commercial Floorspace Vacancy Rates -- Introduction One of the major approaches to analyzing energy use in end-use sectors is to relate energy use to measures of the extent of utilization of the sector, either in absolute terms or in terms relative to some maximum utilization level. For example, vehicle miles traveled is a measure of vehicle utilization in the transportation sector. The percent of maximum production capability at which an industry or an individual plant is operating is a measure of industrial capacity utilization in the industrial sector. For the commercial buildings sector, two concepts that measure how intensely a building is utilized seem to predominate: the number of hours the building is in operation and the amount of floorspace in the building that is occupied (or conversely, the amount that is vacant).

139

Tube vibration in industrial-size test heat exchanger (90/sup 0/ square layout)  

SciTech Connect

Tube vibrations in heat exchangers are being systematically investigated in a series of tests performed with an industrial-size test exchanger. Results from waterflow tests of eleven different tube bundles, in six- and eight-crosspass configurations on a 90/sup 0/ square layout with a pitch-to-diameter ratio of 1.25 are reported. The test cases include full tube bundles, no-tubes-in-window bundles, finned tube bundles, and proposed field and design fixes. The testing focused on identification of the lowest critical flowrate to initiate fluidelastic instability (large amplitude tube motion) and the location within the bundle of the tubes which first experience instability. The test results are tabulated to permit comparison with results obtained from previous tests with a 30/sup 0/ triangular layout tube bundle. Instability criteria are evaluated preliminarily. Pressure drop data are also generated and reported.

Halle, H.; Wambsganss, M.W.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Multivariate analysis of remote LIBS spectra using partial least squares, principal component analysis, and related techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantitative analysis with LIBS traditionally employs calibration curves that are complicated by the chemical matrix effects. These chemical matrix effects influence the LIBS plasma and the ratio of elemental composition to elemental emission line intensity. Consequently, LIBS calibration typically requires a priori knowledge of the unknown, in order for a series of calibration standards similar to the unknown to be employed. In this paper, three new Multivariate Analysis (MV A) techniques are employed to analyze the LIBS spectra of 18 disparate igneous and highly-metamorphosed rock samples. Partial Least Squares (PLS) analysis is used to generate a calibration model from which unknown samples can be analyzed. Principal Components Analysis (PCA) and Soft Independent Modeling of Class Analogy (SIMCA) are employed to generate a model and predict the rock type of the samples. These MV A techniques appear to exploit the matrix effects associated with the chemistries of these 18 samples.

Clegg, Samuel M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Barefield, James E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wiens, Roger C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sklute, Elizabeth [MT HOLYOKE COLLEGE; Dyare, Melinda D [MT HOLYOKE COLLEGE

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Nonzero Mean Squared Momentum of Quarks in the Non-Perturbative QCD Vacuum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The non-local vacuum condensates of QCD describe the distributions of quarks and gluons in the non-perturbative QCD vacuum. Physically, this means that vacuum quarks and gluons have nonzero mean-squared momentum, called virtuality. In this paper we study the quark virtuality which is given by the ratio of the local quark-gluon mixed vacuum condensate to the quark local vacuum condensate. The two vacuum condensates are obtained by solving Dyson-Schwinger Equations of a fully dressed quark propagator with an effective gluon propagator. Using our calculated condensates, we obtain the virtuality of quarks in the QCD vacuum state. Our numerical predictions differ from the other theoretical model calculations such as QCD sum rules, Lattice QCD and instanton models.

Zhou, Li-Juan; Ma, Wei-xing

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Quantum anomalous Hall effect with cold atoms trapped in a square lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose an experimental scheme to realize the quantum anomalous Hall effect in an anisotropic square optical lattice which can be generated from available experimental setups of double-well lattices with minor modifications. A periodic gauge potential induced by atom-light interaction is introduced to give a Peierls phase for the nearest-neighbor site hopping. The quantized anomalous Hall conductivity is investigated by calculating the Chern number as well as the chiral gapless edge states of our system. Furthermore, we show in detail the feasability for its experimental detection through light Bragg scattering of the edge and bulk states with which one can determine the topological phase transition from usual insulating phase to quantum anomalous Hall phase.

Liu, Xiong-Jun; Liu, Xin; Wu, Congjun; Sinova, Jairo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Least-squares variational principles and the finite element method: theory, formulations, and models for solid and fluid mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the application of least-squares variational principles and the finite element method to the numerical solution of boundary value problems arising in the fields of solidand fluidmechanics.For manyof these problems least-squares principles offer many theoretical and computational advantages in the implementation of the corresponding finite element model that are not present in the traditional weak form Galerkin finite element model.Most notably, the use of least-squares principles leads to a variational unconstrained minimization problem where stability conditions such as inf-sup conditions (typically arising in mixed methods using weak form Galerkin finite element formulations) never arise. In addition, the least-squares based finite elementmodelalways yields a discrete system ofequations witha symmetric positive definite coeffcientmatrix.These attributes, amongst manyothers highlightedand detailed in this work, allow the developmentofrobust andeffcient finite elementmodels for problems of practical importance. The research documented herein encompasses least-squares based formulations for incompressible and compressible viscous fluid flow, the bending of thin and thick plates, and for the analysis of shear-deformable shell structures.

Pontaza, Juan Pablo

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Self-avoiding trails with nearest neighbour interactions on the square lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Self-avoiding walks and self-avoiding trails, two models of a polymer coil in dilute solution, have been shown to be governed by the same universality class. On the other hand, self-avoiding walks interacting via nearest-neighbour contacts (ISAW) and self-avoiding trails interacting via multiply-visited sites (ISAT) are two models of the coil-globule, or collapse transition of a polymer in dilute solution. On the square lattice it has been established numerically that the collapse transition of each model lies in a different universality class. The models differ in two substantial ways. They differ in the types of subsets of random walk configurations utilised (site self-avoidance versus bond self-avoidance) and in the type of attractive interaction. It is therefore of some interest to consider self-avoiding trails interacting via nearest neighbour attraction (INNSAT) in order to ascertain the source for the difference in the collapse universality class. Using the flatPERM algorithm, we have performed computer simulations of this model. We present numerical evidence that the singularity in the free energy of INNSAT at the collapse transition has a similar exponent to that of the ISAW model rather than the ISAT model. This would indicate that the type of interaction used in ISAW and ISAT is the source of the difference in universality class.

A. Bedini; A. L. Owczarek; T. Prellberg

2012-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

145

THE MADISON SQUARE GARDEN DISPERSION STUDY (MSG05) METEOROLOGICAL DATA DESCRIPTION.  

SciTech Connect

MSG05 was a study of atmospheric transport and dispersion in the deep urban canyons of Midtown New York City, in the area of Madison Square Garden. This downtown area is considered to be a prime target for terrorist activities, and has one of the largest commuter populations in the world. Little is known about air flow and hazardous gas dispersion in such scenarios, since previous urban field experiments have focused on small to medium sized cities with much smaller street canyons. On March 10 and 14, 2005, a series of Perfluorocarbon Tracer (PFT) tracers were released and tracked with about 30 sampling stations at radial distances of about 0.2 and 0.4 km, with vertical profiles near a 250 m tall building (One Penn Plaza). Meteorological stations collected wind data in the MSG vicinity, at street level and rooftop level. MSG05 is expected to provide useful information on rapid vertical dispersion will assist in planning for more extensive studies. This data release is being made available to a restricted group of key scientists who have worked on the project. Part of the QA program involves feedback from scientists and modelers who are working on this study. This document describes the meteorological component of the project. The file organization and metadata are detailed so that a researcher can work with the data sets.

REYNOLDS, R.M.

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Control and Optimization of Vapor Compression Cycles Using Recursive Least Squares Estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vapor compression cycles are the primary method by which refrigeration and air-conditioning systems operate, and thus constitute a significant portion of commercial and residential building energy consumption. This thesis presents a data-driven approach to find the optimal operating conditions of a multi-evaporator system in order to minimize the energy consumption while meeting operational requirements such as constant cooling or constant evaporator outlet temperature. The experimental system used for controller evaluation is a custom built small-scale water chiller with three evaporators; each evaporator services a separate body of water, referred to as a cooling zone. The three evaporators are connected to a single condenser and variable speed compressor, and feature variable water flow and electronic expansion valves. The control problem lies in development of a control architecture that will minimize the energy consumed by the system without prior information about the system in the form of performance maps, or complex mathematical models. The control architecture explored in this thesis relies on the data collected by sensors alone to formulate a function for the power consumption of the system in terms of controlled variables, namely, condenser and evaporator pressures, using recursive least squares estimation. This cost function is then minimized to attain optimal set points for the pressures which are fed to local controllers.

Rani, Avinash

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Engine ignition signal diagnosis with Wavelet Packet Transform and Multi-class Least Squares Support Vector Machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Engine ignition pattern analysis is one of the trouble-diagnosis methods for automotive gasoline engines. Based on the waveform of the ignition pattern, the mechanic guesses what may be the potential malfunctioning parts of an engine with his/her experience ... Keywords: Automotive engine ignition pattern diagnosis, Multi-class Least Squares Support Vector Machines, Pattern classification, Wavelet Packet Transform

C. M. Vong; P. K. Wong

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Weighted average least squares estimation with nonspherical disturbances and an application to the Hong Kong housing market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recently proposed 'weighted average least squares' (WALS) estimator is a Bayesian combination of frequentist estimators. It has been shown that the WALS estimator possesses major advantages over standard Bayesian model averaging (BMA) estimators: ... Keywords: Bayesian analysis, Housing demand, Model averaging, Monte Carlo

Jan R. Magnus; Alan T. K. Wan; Xinyu Zhang

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Effect of location and orientation of two short dents on ultimate compressive strength of a thin square steel plate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thin plates are subject to several imperfections (including dents) which reduce the ultimate strength of plates. In this work, nearness effect of two short dents of same size on the ultimate strength of a thin square steel plate is numerically investigated. ...

A. V. Raviprakash; B. Prabu; N. Alagumurthi

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

A Comparison of Hybrid Ensemble Transform Kalman Filter–Optimum Interpolation and Ensemble Square Root Filter Analysis Schemes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hybrid ensemble transform Kalman filter (ETKF)–optimum interpolation (OI) analysis scheme is described and compared with an ensemble square root filter (EnSRF) analysis scheme. A two-layer primitive equation model was used under perfect-model ...

Xuguang Wang; Thomas M. Hamill; Jeffrey S. Whitaker; Craig H. Bishop

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Melt index prediction using optimized least squares support vector machines based on hybrid particle swarm optimization algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Melt index (MI) is considered as one of the most important variables of the quality, which determines the product specifications. Thus, a reliable estimation of MI is crucial in the quality control of the practical processes in the propylene polymerization ... Keywords: Ant colony optimization, Immune clone particle swarm optimization, Industrial polypropylene manufacture, Least squares support vector machines, Melt index prediction

Huaqin Jiang, Zhengbing Yan, Xinggao Liu

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Least Squares Fitting of Low-Level Gamma-ray Spectra with B-Spline Basis Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, new methods for smoothing gamma-ray spectra measured by NaI detector are derived. Least squares fitting method with B-spline basis functions is used to reduce the influence of statistical fluctuations. The derived procedures are simple and automatic. The results show that this method is better than traditional method with a more complete reduction of staistical fluctuation.

Zhu, M H; You, Z; Xu, A A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Generalized Coupling Parameter Expansion: Application to Square-Well and Lennard Jones Fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The coupling parameter expansion in thermodynamic perturbation theory of simple fluids is generalized to include the derivatives of bridge function. We applied seventh order version of the theory to Square-Well (SW) and Lennard-Jones (LJ) fluids using Sarkisov Bridge function. In both cases, the theory reproduced the radial distribution functions obtained from integral equation theory (IET) and simulations with good accuracy. Also, the method worked inside the liquid-vapor coexistence region where the IETs are known to fail. In the case of SW fluids, the use of Carnahan-Starling expression for free energy density of Hard-Sphere reference system has improved the liquid-vapor phase diagram (LVPD) over that obtained from IET. We also obtained the surface tension of SW fluids of various ranges. Results of present theory and simulations are in good agreement. In the case of LJ fluids, the equation of state obtained from the present method matched with that obtained from IET with negligible deviation. We also obtained LVPD of LJ fluid from virial and energy routes and found that there is slight inconsistency between the two routes. The applications lead to the following conclusions. In cases where reference system properties are known accurately, the present method gives results which are very much improved over those obtained from the IET with the same bridge function. In cases where reference system data is not available, the method serves as an alternative way of solving the Ornstein-Zernike equation with a given closure relation with the advantage that solution can be obtained throughout the phase diagram with a proper choice of the reference system.

A. Sai Venkata Ramana

2013-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

154

Approximate -state Solutions to the Dirac Mobius Square-Yukawa and Mobius Square-quasi Yukawa Problems under Pseudospin and Spin Symmetry limits with Coulomb-like Tensor Interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present the Dirac equation for the Mobius-square-Yukawa potentials including the tensor interaction term within the framework of pseudospin and spin symmetry limit with arbitrary spin-orbit quantum number . We obtained the energy eigenvalues and the corresponding wave functions using the supersymmetry method. The limiting cases of this potential model reduce to the Deng-Fan, Yukawa and Coulomb potentials, respectively

Akpan N. Ikot; E. Maghsoodi; Akaninyene D. Antia; S. Zarrinkamar; H. Hassanabadi

2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

155

Ha Shenglin Hawan Hajia kunni lorjini kilesanni  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual) Interview Name of recorder (if different from collector) Date of recording Feb. 18, 2005 Place of recording Hawan village, Tiantang Town, Tianzhu Tibetan Autonomous County, Gansu Province, China ????????????????? Name...

Ha, Mingzong

2005-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

156

Ha Shengcheng Hajia kun Hawandija yiusanni  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the remaining parts of the family’s house and inviting my mother6 and some other members from the family and treating them in a restaurant in the township town. They were given several hundred renminbi, several brick teas and several khadag, a Tibetan ritual...

Ha, Mingzong

2009-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

157

Globalization 300million ha forest area loss  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from sustainable managed forests using vegetable inks and water-based varnish. Citation UNEP (2011. Our distribution policy aims to reduce UNEP's carbon footprint. #12;i Keeping Track of Our Changing

158

Domain and Stripe Formation Between Hexagonal and Square Ordered Fillings of Colloidal Particles on Periodic Pinning Substrates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using large scale numerical simulations, we examine the ordering of colloidal particles on square periodic two-dimensional muffin-tin substrates consisting of a flat surface with localized pinning sites. We show that when there are four particles per pinning site, the particles adopt a hexagonal ordering, while for five particles per pinning site, a square ordering appears. For fillings between four and five particles per pinning site, we identify a rich variety of distinct ordering regimes, including disordered grain boundaries, crystalline stripe structures, superlattice orderings, and disordered patchy arrangements. We characterize the different regimes using Voronoi analysis, energy dispersion, and ordering of the domains. We show that many of the boundary formation features we observe occur for a wide range of other fillings. Our results demonstrate that grain boundary tailoring can be achieved with muffin-tin periodic pinning substrates.

D. McDermott; J. Amelang; L. M. Lopatina; C. J. Olson Reichhardt; C. Reichhardt

2012-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

159

Full length article: Multiresolution wavelet denoising for ultra-wideband time-of-arrival estimation with regularized least squares  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Improving accuracy in wireless localization and ranging is a challenging task which often demands an increase in the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Impulsive ultra-wideband (UWB) technology is a promising signaling alternative that is capable of high-resolution ... Keywords: Channel estimation, Discrete wavelet transform (DWT), Impulse radio (IR), Ranging, Regularized least squares (RLS), Time-of-arrival (ToA) estimation, Ultra-wideband (UWB), Wavelet denoising (WD)

Ted C. -K. Liu; Xiaodai Dong; Wu-Sheng Lu

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

A hybrid model of self-organizing maps (SOM) and least square support vector machine (LSSVM) for time-series forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Support vector machine is a new tool from Artificial Intelligence (AI) field has been successfully applied for a wide variety of problem especially in time-series forecasting. In this paper, least square support vector machine (LSSVM) is an improved ... Keywords: Forecasting, Least square support vector machine, Self-organizing maps, Time series

Shuhaida Ismail; Ani Shabri; Ruhaidah Samsudin

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Transfer coefficients for the Gibbs surface in a two-phase mixture in the non-equilibrium square gradient model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we calculate the transfer coefficients for evaporation and condensation of mixtures. We use the continuous profiles of various thermodynamic quantities through the interface, obtained in our previous works using the square gradient model. Furthermore we introduce the Gibbs surface and obtain the excess entropy production for a surface. Following the traditional non-equilibrium thermodynamic approach we introduce the surface transfer coefficients which we are able to determine from the continuous solution. The knowledge of these coefficients is important for many industrial applications which involve transport through a surface, such as for instance distillation. In our approach the values of the local resistivities in the liquid and the vapor phases are chosen on the basis of experimental values. In the interfacial region there are small peaks in these resistivities. Three amplitudes control the magnitude of these peaks. Possible values of these amplitudes are found by matching the diagonal transfer coefficients to values predicted by kinetic theory. Using these amplitudes we find that the value of the cross resistivities is 1-2 orders of magnitude higher then the one from kinetic theory. The results of both kinetic theory and molecular dynamics simulations support the existence of small peaks in the local resistivities in the interfacial region. The square gradient approach gives an independent way to determine the transfer coefficients for surfaces. The results indicate that kinetic theory underestimates the interfacial transfer coefficients in real fluids.

K. S. Glavatskiy; D. Bedeaux

2009-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

162

Lipid Analysis and Lipidomics: New Techniques & ApplicationChapter 15 Infrared Spectroscopy and Partial Least Square Calibration in Simultaneous Quantification of Isolated trans & CLA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lipid Analysis and Lipidomics: New Techniques & Application Chapter 15 Infrared Spectroscopy and Partial Least Square Calibration in Simultaneous Quantification of Isolated trans & CLA Methods and Analyses eChapters Methods - Analyses Book

163

Lawn chairs in Times Square : an analysis of the Pilot Streets Program and the provisional project approach for New York City's Green Light in Midtown project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 2009 the New York City Department of Transportation (NYC DOT) initiated a Pilot Streets Program that called for the temporary closure of Broadway between 47th and 42nd Streets to all vehicular traffic. With Times Square ...

Taylor, Alexis (Alexis Abreu)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

A Hybrid MPI–OpenMP Parallel Algorithm and Performance Analysis for an Ensemble Square Root Filter Designed for Multiscale Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hybrid parallel scheme for the ensemble square root filter (EnSRF) suitable for parallel assimilation of multiscale observations, including those from dense observational networks such as those of radar, is developed based on the domain ...

Yunheng Wang; Youngsun Jung; Timothy A. Supinie; Ming Xue

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Application Of Least Squares And Kriging In Multivariate Optimizations Of Field Development Scheduling And Well Placement Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study applied two multivariate interpolation algorithms, Least Squares and Kriging, to interpolate a limited number of data obtained from simulation in order to predict the optimal strategies in a field development scheduling project and a waterflood project with a significant reduction in the simulation efforts required. The two projects were application examples with known answers. The objective of this study was to examine the feasibility and efficiency of multivariate interpolation in solving optimization problems by reducing the simulation effort required. The net present value was used as the objective function in both projects. The field development scheduling simulation was achieved by an economic model taking acount of all the costs and profits during the time period being studied. The waterflooding simulation was achieved by solving the Laplace equation and generating streamlines within the specified pattern. The movements of the waterfrontwere tracked and then the oil a...

A Report; Yan Pan

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Ensemble Square Root Filters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ensemble data assimilation methods assimilate observations using state-space estimation methods and low-rank representations of forecast and analysis error covariances. A key element of such methods is the transformation of the forecast ensemble ...

Michael K. Tippett; Jeffrey L. Anderson; Craig H. Bishop; Thomas M. Hamill; Jeffrey S. Whitaker

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

A Failure of Serendipity: the Square Kilometre Array will struggle to eavesdrop on Human-like ETI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) will operate in frequency ranges often used by military radar and other communications technology. It has been shown that if Extraterrestrial Intelligences (ETIs) communicate using similar technology, then the SKA should be able to detect such transmissions up to distances of ~100 pc (~300 light years) from Earth. However, Mankind has greatly improved its communications technology over the last century, dramatically reducing signal leakage and making the Earth "radio quiet". If ETIs follow the same pattern as the human race, will we be able to detect their signal leakage before they become radio quiet? We investigate this question using Monte Carlo Realisation techniques to simulate the growth and evolution of intelligent life in the Galaxy. We show that if civilisations are "human" in nature (i.e. they are only "radio loud" for ~100 years, and can only detect each other with an SKA-like instrument out to 100 pc, within a maximum communication time of 100 years), then the prob...

Forgan, D H

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

PV water pumping with a peak-power tracker using a simple six-step square-wave inverter  

SciTech Connect

The application of photovoltaics (PVs) has been increasingly popular, especially in remote areas, where power from a utility is not available or is too costly to install. PV-powered water pumping is frequently used for agriculture and in households. Among many available schemes, the system under study consists of a PV array, a variable-frequency inverter, an induction motor, and a water pump. The inverter feeds the induction motor, which drives the water pump. To seek the optimum power output of the PV array, the inverter is operated at variable frequency, to vary the output of the water pump. The inverter is operated to generate a six-step quasi-square wave, instead of a pulsewidth modulated (PWM) voltage output, to reduce the switching losses. The inverter acts as both a variable-frequency source and a peak-power tracker of the system, thus, having the number of switches minimized. The system is a low-cost design, with a simple control strategy. The dc bus is supported by a dc capacitor; thus, a balance-of-power flow must be maintained to avoid the collapse of the dc-bus voltage. Another advantage of the system is that the current is limited to an upper limit of the PV-array current. Thus, in case a short circuit is developed, the motor winding and the power semiconductor switches can be protected against excessive current flow.

Muljadi, E. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

High pT [p subscript T] nonphotonic electron production in p+p collisions at ?s=200??[square root of s=200] GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the measurement of nonphotonic electron production at high transverse momentum (pT>2.5??GeV/c) [(p subscript T > 2.5 GeV/c)] in p+p collisions at ?s=200??[square root of s=200] GeV using data recorded during ...

Balewski, Jan T.

170

Investigation of the Heat Transfer Coefficient of Liquid and Gas Bubble Train Flow in a Square Mini-channel Using Infra-Red thermography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investigation of the Heat Transfer Coefficient of Liquid and Gas Bubble Train Flow in a Square Mini slug and bubbles, liquid and gas superficial velocities which depend on the volume flow ratio of the channel (Bo) for specific liquid and gas phase. At relatively high Bo (Bo>Bocr1.835) systems gravity force

Khandekar, Sameer

171

Least squares support vector machines with tuning based on chaotic differential evolution approach applied to the identification of a thermal process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the past decade, support vector machines (SVMs) have gained the attention of many researchers. SVMs are non-parametric supervised learning schemes that rely on statistical learning theory which enables learning machines to generalize well to unseen ... Keywords: Chaotic differential evolution, Identification, Least squares support vector machines

Glauber Souto dos Santos; Luiz Guilherme Justi Luvizotto; Viviana Cocco Mariani; Leandro dos Santos Coelho

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Do it yourself lighting power survey: lighting power audit for use with the Massachusetts type watts per square foot method of calculating a building's lighting power budget  

SciTech Connect

Advantages of the self-audit approach to energy conservation are presented. These are that it is cheaper to do it yourself; the employees become part of the corporate conservation effect; and no one knows the building and its needs better than the occupant. Steps described in the lighting survey procedure are: (1) divide the building into categories; (2) determine the total square footage for each category; (3) assign a power allowance for each category; (4) multiply the total square footage for each category by the respective power allowances; (5) add the budget sub-totals for each category to determine total building budget; and (6) walk through the building room-by-room and calculate the connected lighting load fixture-by-fixture. Some worksheets are provided. (MCW)

Not Available

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Use of a General Nonlinear Least-Squares Curve Fitting Program with nonclosed form relationships. [GNLS, in FORTRAN for CDC computers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A use for GNLS, a general nonlinear least-squares curve fitting program, is presented. In this use GNLS determines a set of best parameters for relationships that cannot be written in closed form. This program can be useful for experimenters who need to determine experimental parameters by fitting nonclosed-form relationships to experimental data. Two examples are given to indicate how GNLS can be used for this type of problem. 11 figures.

Abey, A.E.

1979-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

175

Power Challenges of Large Scale Research Infrastructures: the Square Kilometer Array and Solar Energy Integration; Towards a zero-carbon footprint next generation telescope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Square Kilometer Array (SKA) will be the largest Global science project of the next two decades. It will encompass a sensor network dedicated to radioastronomy, covering two continents. It will be constructed in remote areas of South Africa and Australia, spreading over 3000Km, in high solar irradiance latitudes. Solar Power supply is therefore an option to power supply the SKA and contribute to a zero carbon footprint next generation telescope. Here we outline the major characteristics of the SKA and some innovation approaches on thermal solar energy Integration with SKA prototypes.

Barbosa, Domingos; Ruiz, Valeriano; Silva, Manuel; Verdes-Montenegro, Lourdes; Santander-Vela, Juande; Maia, Dalmiro; Antón, Sonia; van Ardenne, Arnold; Vetter, Matthias; Kramer, Michael; Keller, Reinhard; Pereira, Nuno; Silva, Vitor

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Search for Supersymmetry Using Final States with One Lepton, Jets, and Missing Transverse Momentum with the ATLAS Detector in ?s=7??[square root of s=7] TeV pp Collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Letter presents the first search for supersymmetry in final states containing one isolated electron or muon, jets, and missing transverse momentum from ?s=7??[square root of s=7] TeV proton-proton collisions at the ...

Taylor, Frank E.

177

Activity Report for Hanford WTP LAW Melter HA Development, July...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(LMP) system. The primary purpose of this HSS field activity, conducted from July 31 to August 5, 2013, was to observe and understand the evolving approach used by Bechtel...

178

NIST OpenHaRT'13 Evaluation: Overview and Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Evaluation Workshop Omni Shoreham Hotel, Washington DC ... Manage the evaluations – Provide evaluation utilities and infrastructure for ...

2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

179

Ha Le's Home Page - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 1995: Bachelor degree in Computer Science, Honours, Co-op at the University of Waterloo. May 1999: Master degree, Department of Computer Science, ...

180

Stability of critical bubble in stretched fluid of square-gradient density-functional model with triple-parabolic free energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The square-gradient density-functional model with triple-parabolic free energy, that was used previously to study the homogeneous bubble nucleation [J. Chem. Phys. 129, 104508 (2008)], is used to study the stability of the critical bubble nucleated within the bulk under-saturated stretched fluid. The stability of the bubble is studied by solving the Schr\\"odinger equation for the fluctuation. The negative eigenvalue corresponds to the unstable growing mode of the fluctuation. Our results show that there is only one negative eigenvalue whose eigenfunction represents the fluctuation that corresponds to the isotropically growing or shrinking nucleus. In particular, this negative eigenvalue survives up to the spinodal point. Therefore the critical bubble is not fractal or ramified near the spinodal.

Masao Iwamatsu; Yutaka Okabe

2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Applying the Inverse Average Magnitude Squared Coherence Index for Determining Order-Chaos Transition in a System Governed by Hénon Mapping Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The quantitative determination of the order-chaos transition in a nonlinear dynamical system described by Hénon mapping defined as x[n + 1] = 1.0 ? A ? x[n] 2 + B ? y[n],y[n + 1] = B ? x[n], where B = 0.3, and A is an adjustable control parameter, was made. This was achieved by applying the Inverse Average Magnitude-Squared Coherence Index (IAMSCI). This method is based on the Welch average periodogram technique and it has the advantage respect to nonlinear dynamical methods that it may be applied to any stationary signal by using discrete Fourier transform (DFT) representation which allows to operate on a short discrete-time series. Its effectiveness was demonstrated by comparing the results obtained by applying IAMSCI

Rubén Orozco Morales

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Critical cavity in the stretched fluid studied using square-gradient density-functional model with triple-parabolic free energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The generic square-gradient density-functional model with triple-parabolic free energy is used to study the stability of a cavity introduced into the stretched liquid. The various properties of the critical cavity, which is the largest stable cavity within the liquid, are compared with those of the critical bubble of the homogeneous bubble nucleation. It is found that the size of the critical cavity is always smaller than that of the critical bubble, while the work of formation of the former is always higher than the latter in accordance with the conjectures made by Punnathanam and Corti [J. Chem. Phys. {\\bf 119}, 10224 (2003)] deduced from the Lennard-Jones fluids. Therefore their conjectures about the critical cavity size and the work of formation would be more general and valid even for other types of liquid such as metallic liquid or amorphous. However, the scaling relations they found for the critical cavity in the Lennard-Jones fluid are marginally satisfied only near the spinodal.

Masao Iwamatsu

2009-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

183

Evidence for a narrow Higgs-like diphoton resonance with a mass of 125 GeV in pp collisions at [square root of]s = 7 - 8 TeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have performed a search for the production of the standard model Higgs boson decaying to diphotons in pp collisions at the LHC at [square root of]s = 7-8 TeV with the CMS detector. Having analyzed data corresponding to ...

Bendavid, Joshua Lorne

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Inverse determination of the penalty parameter in penalized weighted least-squares algorithm for noise reduction of low-dose CBCT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: A statistical projection restoration algorithm based on the penalized weighted least-squares (PWLS) criterion can substantially improve the image quality of low-dose CBCT images. The performance of PWLS is largely dependent on the choice of the penalty parameter. Previously, the penalty parameter was chosen empirically by trial and error. In this work, the authors developed an inverse technique to calculate the penalty parameter in PWLS for noise suppression of low-dose CBCT in image guided radiotherapy (IGRT). Methods: In IGRT, a daily CBCT is acquired for the same patient during a treatment course. In this work, the authors acquired the CBCT with a high-mAs protocol for the first session and then a lower mAs protocol for the subsequent sessions. The high-mAs projections served as the goal (ideal) toward, which the low-mAs projections were to be smoothed by minimizing the PWLS objective function. The penalty parameter was determined through an inverse calculation of the derivative of the objective function incorporating both the high and low-mAs projections. Then the parameter obtained can be used for PWLS to smooth the noise in low-dose projections. CBCT projections for a CatPhan 600 and an anthropomorphic head phantom, as well as for a brain patient, were used to evaluate the performance of the proposed technique. Results: The penalty parameter in PWLS was obtained for each CBCT projection using the proposed strategy. The noise in the low-dose CBCT images reconstructed from the smoothed projections was greatly suppressed. Image quality in PWLS-processed low-dose CBCT was comparable to its corresponding high-dose CBCT. Conclusions: A technique was proposed to estimate the penalty parameter for PWLS algorithm. It provides an objective and efficient way to obtain the penalty parameter for image restoration algorithms that require predefined smoothing parameters.

Wang, Jing; Guan, Huaiqun; Solberg, Timothy [Department of Radiation Oncology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390 (United States); Department of Radiation oncology, Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Miami Medical School, Florida 33136 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390 (United States)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

185

Materials Reliability Program: Technical Basis for Change to American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Section XI Appendix VIII Root- Mean-Square Error Requirement for Qualification of Depth-Sizing for Ultrasonic Testing (UT) Performed from the In  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides the technical basis for a modification of the ultrasonic testing (UT) qualification requirements of Appendix VIII of ASME Section XI. A recommended change to the requirement for flaw depth-sizing uncertainty is presented on the basis of deterministic and probabilistic evaluation approaches.BackgroundCompliance with the 0.125" depth-sizing root-mean-square error (RMSE) required by ASME Code Section XI Appendix VIII (Supplements 2, 10, ...

2013-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

186

Global oil yields: Have we got it seriously wrong?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Up to now, most oilseed crop specialists have assumed that one metric ton (MT) per hectare (1MT/ha) was a pretty good ballpark figure for average oil yields from annual oilseed crops such as canola or sunflower. Global oil yields: Have we got it seriously

187

SAN JOSE STATE UNIVERSITY ONE WASHINGTON SQUARE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

knowledge and skills that will help them to comprehend the workings of American democracy and of the society in which they live, to enable them to contribute to that society as responsible and constructive citizens; this unfortunate time line has resulted in insufficient consultation to date with History and Political Science

Gleixner, Stacy

188

Physical Plant: FY2010 Gross Square  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(NERPC) Southborough, MA 87 308 Harvard Depository Petersham, MA 2857 73 Harvard Forest (Forestry, Botany

Chou, James

189

Physical Plant: FY2011 Gross Square  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Harvard University, Petersham, Massachusetts, 013669 4 Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology the northern (Harvard Forest; Petersham, Massachusetts; 42° N lat.) and57 southern (Duke Forest; Hillsborough

Samuel, Aravi

190

RATIONAL SUMS OF HERMITIAN SQUARES OF FREE ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 24, 2013 ... K. Aardal and R. Weismantel, editors, Discrete Optimization, volume 12 of Handbooks in Opera- tions Research and Management Science, ...

191

sparse optimization with least-squares constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jan 30, 2010 ... 1.4. Outline. In section 2 we give conditions under which the Pareto curve is ...... 25th International Converence on Machine Learning, 2008, pp.

192

Robust Least Square Semidefinite Programming with Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To stress test a portfolio of correlated assets, the risk manager can specify the hypothetical scenarios and accordingly compute the loss of the ...... Intel E5620 Xeon 64-bit CPUs and 48 GB RAM, equipped with SUSE Linux Enterprise server 11.

193

Malassezia furfur invasiveness in a keratinocyte cell line (HaCat ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Catterall MD, Ward ME, Jacobs P (1978) A reappraisal of the role of Pityrosporum orbiculare in pityriasis versicolor and the significance of extracellular lipase.

194

Les lHa srin sde brgyad et le probleme de leur categorisation - Une interpretation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reconnaître éventuellement la présence ou l’absence detelle ou telle entité “ lha srin ” dans un rituel, sont préalablement définies, àla fois par les enquêteurs ethnologues et par les usagers, à travers un lan-gage naturel dont les propriétés conventionnelles... solides ” ou entrelacs de fils destinésà figurer des entités terribles (formes de Mahakala ou mgon po), insistent surle choix de matériaux sélectionnés en fonction de leurs propriétés : fils decoton entrelacés car l’entrelacs doit laisser passer la lumière...

Steinmann, Brigitte

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

AFRL-RV-HA-TR-2008-1039 History of Space-Based Infrared Astronomy and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;5:567­571. 9. Wien F, Wallace BA. Calcium fluoride micro cells for synchrotron radiation circular dichroism modeling and drug design pro- gram. J Mol Graphics 1990;8:52­56. 7. Guideline Q6B, International Conference

Sloan, Gregory C.

196

The Dean's RepoRT | 20092010 haRvaRD MeDical school  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in key areas for UW TechTransfer. UW researchers, faculty and staff reported 335 innovations, which TechTransfer programs like the Technology Gap Innovation Fund and LaunchPad continue to demonstrate and dedication of an exceptional team assembled at UW TechTransfer. This past year we have added staff in key

Lahav, Galit

197

Why Lean ?y ( QC TQC 5-7 KPI Competency HA-SHA KM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) #12;Doing More With Less Lean Lean (Toyota Production System-TPS ) ( ) ( ) #12;TOYOTA PRODUCTION SYSTEMTOYOTA PRODUCTION SYSTEM ( TPS ) 1930( TPS ) 1930s Lean Management (1990 : (Standard Work- CPG) 2. / Toyota y / waste value 3. (time, human effort, materials

Laksanacharoen, Sathaporn

198

Numerical Analysis of Water Temperature Distribution in the Tank of ASHPWH it ha Cylindrical Condenser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air source heat pump water heaters (ASHPWH) are becoming increasingly popular for saving energy, protecting the environment and security purposes. The water temperature distribution in the tank is an important parameter for an ASHPWH. This paper presented a mathematic model for a cylindrical water tank with a cylindrical condenser as its heat source. The computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software package, FLUENT, was used to study hot water temperature distribution in the tank of the ASHPWH. In addition, the effects of tank dimension and the type of condenser coil on water temperature distribution were discussed. The work of this paper could be used for the optimization of tank and condenser coil designs.

Wang, D.; Shan, S.; Wang, R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Sur la Tendance aux Metaphores Visuelles: aller voir lHa bstun chen po au Sikkim  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: that of the encounter between the Tibetan guru and the indigenous shaman who share a world of practice and belief spanning the extent of the territory they've conquered. « routes les J1/(hlilaliolls se rencontrent sur un nU?J1le terrain qllelle que soil la solution... 'orties pendant leurs retraites. Autour de ce personnage central du bouddhisme sikkimais, introducteur de la doctrine du rDzogs chenJ, se deroule une fois tous les trois ans I'un des rituels les plus secrets du Sikkim, le sKam zhed (lepcha kochenlo) ou...

Steinmann, Brigitte

200

Tactile Sensation Imaging for Artificial Palpation Jong-Ha Lee1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, each of these techniques has limitations, including the exposure to radiation, excessive costs University, Philadelphia, PA 19040, USA {jong,cwon}@temple.edu 2 Department of Radiation Oncology, Thomas, transparent waveguide and the total internal reflection principle. The developed sensor is used to detect

Won, Chang-Hee

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Artificial Tactile Sensation Imaging for Healthcare Application Jong-Ha Lee1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

limitations, including the exposure to radiation, excessive costs, and complexity of machinery. Artificial, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA 2 Department of Radiation Oncology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital-layer optical waveguide as a sensing probe. In our device, total internal reflection principle is utilized

Won, Chang-Hee

202

2 SABER n 9 -Julio 2000 La Universidad ha emprendido el  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Chairman of the Compensation Committee, Solera Holdings, Inc. All sessions will take place at Northwestern

Escolano, Francisco

204

HA R V A R D UN I V E R S I T Y UNIVERSITY OPERATIONS SERVICES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to announce the installation of several new solar powered Pay & Display Multi-Space Parking Meters. Two for Sustainability", the meters are solar powered. Please forward any question to parking@harvard.edu or call 617 Services "PAY & DISPLAY" Multi-Space Parking Meter Technology Initiative Transportation Services is pleased

Needleman, Daniel

205

Denial-of-Service Attacks on Battery-powered Mobile Computers Thomas Martin, Michael Hsiao, Dong Ha, Jayan Krishnaswami  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

inoperable by draining the battery more quickly than it would be under normal usage. In a typical mobile be applicable if the encryption algorithms and protocols are evaluated for their energy usage Research in low design is typically assumed to be to lower the energy per operation of the device, which is a measure

Ha, Dong S.

206

Evolution of the Subtropical Marine Boundary Layer: Comparison of Soundings over the Eastern Pacific from FIRE and HaRP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mean time rates of change of temperature, total water mixing ratio and ozone along airflow trajectories in the lower troposphere over the eastern Pacific are inferred by comparing aircraft soundings from the First ISCCP Regional Experiment (...

I. R. Paluch; D. H. Lenschow; S. Siems; G. L. Kok; R. D. Schillawski; S. McKeen

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Designing and prepositioning humanitarian assistance pack-up kits (HA PUKs) to support Pacific fleet emergency relief operations .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review has emphasized the role of humanitarian assistance missions in winning the Global War on Terror. U.S. Pacific Fleet operates in… (more)

McCall, Valerie M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Tipos de becas Se ha convocado, para el curso acadmico 2011/12, un concurso por oposicin para la adjudicacin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Via Balbi, 5 ­ 16126 GENOVA- Italia, antes de la última e improrrogable fecha del 30/6/2011. En la

Genova, Università degli Studi di

209

The ,:.,ubrnitted <.nu:.cript ha; ~~~red by a contractor of the U. S. Government  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a "hockey stick" shaped copper absorber blade. The first photon shutter serves as the traditional shutter shutter is used exclusively by the experimenters and, as such, is very frequently actuated. The hockey

Kemner, Ken

210

Bi-iterative least-square method for subspace tracking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

schemes for ef?cient subspace tracking,” IEEE Trans. SignalLinebarger, “Subspace tracking”. [11] E. M. Dowling, L. P.angle and frequency tracking,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process. ,

Ouyang, S; Hua, Y

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Least-squares approach to risk parity in portfolio selection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 21, 2013 ... does not utilize any information on the assets' volatility or their correlations. ... has a simpler structure and allows for easier analysis and efficient algorithmic ..... is “

212

The architect as communicator : a dialogue of Copley Square  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Architecture is a dialogue. It is a communication between those who design and the society which they design in. The two are inseparable. The role of the designer, which I have chosen as an architect, is that of a communicator. ...

May, Paul Gerard

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Every Square Inch: The Fight for the California Desert  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an industrial size solar or wind farm on its borders? Are weparabolic troughs and large wind farms? Others counter thatpossibility of a few wind or solar farms in the area was a

Argandona, Monica

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

INSIGHT: LOCAL INSIGHT: LOCAL he Square Kilometre Array  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Australia. The Karoo, an area in SA that was once the floor of an inland sea, is one of the best places of the entire SKA project using the Meer- KAT telescope under construction in the Karoo and a similar, twin% in the Karoo and 40% spread across eight partner countries in Africa (Botswana, Namibia, Mozambique, Madagascar

Glass, Ian S.

215

Word in the Square Conversation Monitoring and Analysis Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

technologies from GM, Honda, BMW and others. Debate between the electric and hydrogen cars emerged about what offers the opportunity to educate bloggers that the hydrogen fuel cell cars are in fact electric cars other alternative fuels and energy o The Los Angeles auto show sparked much debate about emerging car

216

A derivative-free algorithm for least-squares minimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

random process [1, 2]. ..... Step 3 (Safety step) This step applies only when dk. safety step (Step 3) when the.

217

From OO to FPGA : fitting round objects into square hardware.  

SciTech Connect

Consumer electronics today such as cell phones often have one or more low-power FPGAs to assist with energy-intensive operations in order to reduce overall energy consumption and increase battery life. However, current techniques for programming FPGAs require people to be specially trained to do so. Ideally, software engineers can more readily take advantage of the benefits FPGAs offer by being able to program them using their existing skills, a common one being object-oriented programming. However, traditional techniques for compiling object-oriented languages are at odds with today's FPGA tools, which support neither pointers nor complex data structures. Open until now is the problem of compiling an object-oriented language to an FPGA in a way that harnesses this potential for huge energy savings. In this paper, we present a new compilation technique that feeds into an existing FPGA tool chain and produces FPGAs with up to almost an order of magnitude in energy savings compared to a low-power microprocessor while still retaining comparable performance and area usage.

Kou, Stephen [University of California, Los Angeles, CA] University of California, Los Angeles, CA; Palsberg, Jens [University of California, Los Angeles, CA] University of California, Los Angeles, CA; Brooks, Jeffrey

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Every Square Inch: The Fight for the California Desert  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

local distribution and rooftop solar instead of paving overup Los Angeles, and rooftop solar was far more practical.from urban centers when rooftop solar could feed back into

Argandona, Monica

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Least Squares Optimal Scaling of Partially Observed Linear Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

presence or absence of home-security devices). Items werestation Incivility: Graffiti Home security: Motion detector

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

An Extension of Sums of Squares Relaxations to Polynomial ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tokyo Institute of Technology. 2-12-1 Oh-Okayama, ... Department of Computer Science, The University of Electro-Communications, 1-5-1. Chofugaoka ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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221

Metal Artefact Reduction by Least-Squares Penalized-Likelihood ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

representation mapped from a single attenuation image at a reference energy. Using the same model, we proposed an alternative reconstruction algorithm that

222

Disk Packing in a Square: A New Global Optimization Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An interesting alternative could be to consider the unconstrained minimization of the energy function (3) as done in [Nurmela et al. (1997)]. As remarked in ...

223

13 Railroad Square, Suite 504 Haverhill, Massachusetts 01832  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Smart Customer Interface ­ Distribution Automation ­ Smart metering improves load models and profiles Power Grid and Energy Infrastructure? ­ A secure "architected" sensing, communications, automation Automation "Prices to Devices" (Demand Response) Phasor Measurement Smart Grid ­ Exchanging Information

224

The 1973 Least-Squares Adiustment of the Fundamental ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... V V"'PL - V'IIBS = 1.13(14) f.1.V V'IIPL - V'-lBS = 1.07(14) pV V:'-Ist ... over a period of time 10nj2; enough to completely cover the lunar and solar cycles ...

2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

225

Squares of the natural numbers in radiation protection. [Informal history  

SciTech Connect

An informal history of radiation protection is given. The following topics are included: the discovery of x rays and their effects, the formation of the International Committee on X-ray and Radium Protection, the Manhattan Project and its plutonium aspects, dose limits and their origin, the increase in antinuclear writings, the publication of reports on radiation levels and effects, the role of the EPA in medical radiation, and the Oklo phenomenon. Recommendations for NCRP and ICRP actions are given. The publication also contains brief biographies of Lauriston S. Taylor and Herbert M. Parker. (RWR)

Parker, H.M.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Revealing the process : a bakery for Kenmore Square  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis seeks to explore the connection between humans and the machines they created. Machines in our daily lives have been miniaturized; one can no longer understand how they function, causing distress and anger. ...

Zlotogura, Jessica A. (Jessica Amy), 1975-

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

,"Housing Units1","Average Square Footage Per Housing Unit",...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy and Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). 5Rented includes households that occupy their primary housing unit without payment of...

228

Sums of Squares Relaxations of Polynomial Semidefinite Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a vector variable in the n-dimensional Euclidean space and A(x) an m × m symmetric matrix whose (i, j)th component Aij(x) is a real valued polynomial in x.

229

Figure 3. PCs and Terminals per Million Square Feet, 1995  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

consumptioncommercialdataarchivecbecsconsumptionbriefssqft1995.htm For help with technical problems, please contact the webmaster: wmaster@eia.doe.gov Phone: (202) 586-8959...

230

Compass, Square and Swastika: Freemasonry in the Third Reich  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nazi persecution was not uniform and could be negotiated by the groups being targeted based on a number of factors including the racial status of the group being persecuted, the willingness of the group members to cooperate with the regime, the services and skills the group had to offer and the willingness of the regime to allow cooperation. The experience of Freemasons under the Third Reich provides an example of the ability of targeted groups to negotiate Nazi persecution based on these factors. As members of the educated and professional class, Freemasons belonged to the demographic that most strongly supported Hitler from the late 1920s until war's outbreak in 1939. For Hitler, the skills these men possessed as doctors, lawyers, businessmen and bankers were essential to the success of the regime. So what would have otherwise been a mutually beneficial relationship eagerly sought after by both parties was prevented by the fact that the men were Freemasons and thus had ties to an organization whose ideology stood in complete contrast to that of National Socialism. However, because the identifier "Freemason" was not one based on biology or race, Freemasons had the ability to shed their identity as Freemasons by leaving the regime, an ability that they willingly and eagerly exercised. In return, the Nazi Party had to decide to what extent former Freemasons, whose professional skills and talent were so essential, could be allowed to work with the regime. Thus began the complex dance of compromise as each side tested the limits of what it could and couldn't do in order to cooperate with the other. For former Freemasons, the goal was trying to prove loyalty to the regime in the face of their previous lodge membership. For the regime the goal was finding a balance between ideological purity and practical necessity. Though the Nazis destroyed Freemasonry as an institution, the success of former Freemasons in aligning with the party as individuals shows the ability of Germans, even those in targeted groups, to escape persecution and even benefit from the regime that had previously targeted them.

Thomas, Christopher Campbell

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Thousands of Atoms Swap 'Spins' in Quantum Square Dance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and light, quantum computers might provide extraordinary power for applications ... rubidium atoms trapped within a three-dimensional grid of light ...

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

232

A novel digital beamforming technique based on homogeneous adaptation employing time-varying convergence factors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a novel complex homogeneous adaptation least mean square algorithm (complex HA-LMS) for digital beamforming is presented. The proposed technique independently adjusts the real and imaginary components of the complex adaptive filter coefficients ...

Raghuram Ranganathan; Wasfy Mikhael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

DOE/SEA-03; Special Environmental Analysis for the Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration, Actions Taken in Response to the Cerro Grande Fire at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico (September 2000)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Analysis for Actions Taken in Response to the Cerro Grande Fire at LANL Analysis for Actions Taken in Response to the Cerro Grande Fire at LANL DOE/LAAO September 2000 S-1 SUMMARY The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration, is issuing this special environmental analysis (SEA) to document its assessment of impacts associated with emergency activities conducted at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos County, New Mexico, in response to major disaster conditions caused by the recent wildfire known as the Cerro Grande Fire. This wildfire burned about 7,650 1 acres (ac) (3,061 hectares [ha]) within the boundaries of LANL and about an additional 35,500 ac (14,200 ha) in neighboring areas. DOE's emergency response to the threat of this fire began with certain preventative actions undertaken immediately before

234

Effects of Terrain Heights and Sizes on Island-Scale Circulations and Rainfall for the Island of Hawaii during HaRP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Islands in Hawaii have different sizes and terrain heights with notable differences in climate and weather. In this study, the fifth-generation Pennsylvania State University–NCAR Mesoscale Model (MM5) land surface model (LSM) is used to conduct ...

Yang Yang; Yi-Leng Chen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

(c) 2008-2011. Minh Ha-Duong. Rodica Loisel. CIRED Reproduction allowed. share alike. attribution. Blue cells: Numerical assumptions defining the scenario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

infrastructure such as injection wells and gathering systems, enabling more accurate assessment of CO2 storage MOUNTAINS PERMIAN BASIN JAF2010_031.XLS Source: Advanced Resources Int'l., based on Oil and Gas Journal

236

ow Jane E. Luckhardt 621 Capitol Moll, 18'" Floor iIuck ha ,dtlg1downey bro nd.com Sacramento, CA 95814  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) are working on future standards. Turbine Sound Power Measurement-scale wind turbine sound power levels is the International Electrotechnical Commission IEC 61400-11 StandardWind Turbine Acoustic Noise A white paper Prepared by the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory

237

RE SONANT PHO NON -A 8 8 IS TE D 6E NE HA TION. . . not observed, presumably because either the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,2' in the rotational position of the crystal. This separation agrees closely with the expected separation of & p of Vacancies and Rare-Gas Crystal Mixtures H. R. Glyde Chalk Riser +unclear «boratories, ~topi@ Energy of Canada Iimited, Chalk River, Ontario, Canada (Received 21 December 1970) The Gibbs-Bogolyubov variational

Glyde, Henry R.

238

bis(2-pyridylmethylene)propane-1,3diamine]manganese(II) (1/2/1) In-Chul Hwang a and Kwang Ha b *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R factor = 0.045; wR factor = 0.116; data-to-parameter ratio = 16.6. There are three different Mn II complexes in the asymmetric unit of the title compound, [Mn(C15H16N4)(H2O)2]Br2-2{[MnBr(C15H16N4)(H2O)]Br} [MnBr2(C15H16N4)]. In the neutral complex, the Mn 2+ ion is six-coordinated in a distorted octahedral environment by four N atoms of the tetradentate ligand N,N0-bis(2-pyridylmethylene)propane-1,3-diamine (bppd) and two bromide ligands. In the two cationic complexes, the Mn 2+ ions are also six-coordinated in similar environments, but one Mn ion is coordinated by four N atoms of bppd, one Br atom and one O atom of a coordinating water molecule, whereas the other Mn ion is coordinated by four N atoms of bppd and two O atoms of water ligands. The complexes with two coordinated Br atoms or two H2O ligands are disposed about a twofold axis through Mn and C atoms with the special positions ( 1 1 2, y, 0) and (0, y,

Monoclinic C

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

EA-1376: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Final Environmental Assessment Final Environmental Assessment EA-1376: Final Environmental Assessment Proposed Construction and Operation of a New Interagency Emergency Operations Center at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM This EA evaluates the potential environmental impacts of a proposal to construct and operate a new Interagency Emergency Operations Center (Center) at Technical Area 69. The new Center would include a 30,000-square-foot (2,700-square-meter) facility, a garage, a 130-car parking lot, and a 150-foot (45-meter) tall fire suppression water storage tank with antenna attachments on about a 5-acre (2-hectare) site. The new Center would be designed as a state-of-the-art multi-use facility housing about 30 fulltime University of California and Los Alamos County (or their

240

EA-1376: Proposed Construction and Operation of a New Interagency Emergency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

376: Proposed Construction and Operation of a New Interagency 376: Proposed Construction and Operation of a New Interagency Emergency Operations Center at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM EA-1376: Proposed Construction and Operation of a New Interagency Emergency Operations Center at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM SUMMARY The Proposed Action is the construction and operation of a new Interagency Emergency Operations Center (Center) at Technical Area 69. The new Center would include a 30,000-square-foot (2,700-square-meter) facility, a garage, a 130-car parking lot, and a 150-foot (45-meter) tall fire suppression water storage tank with antenna attachments on about a 5-acre (2-hectare) site. The new Center would be designed as a state-of-the-art multi-use facility housing about 30 fulltime University of California and Los Alamos

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Comparison of oilseed yields: a preliminary review  

SciTech Connect

It was assumed that for most oilseed crops, 90% of the oil yield might be considered as profit. To compare oil seeds, pertinent portions of the yield and energy paragraphs from a summary published by Dr. Duke for DOE Grant No. 59-2246-1-6-054-0 with Dr. Bagby as ADODR were reproduced. The seed yields ranged from 200 to 14,000 kg/ha, the low one too low to consider and the high one suspiciously high. The yield of 14,000 kg oil per hectare is equivalent to more than 30 barrels of oil per hectare. The energy species included ambrette, tung-oil tree, cashew, wood-oil tree, mu-oil tree, peanut, mustard greens; rape, colza; black mustard, turnip, safflower, colocynth, coconut, crambe, African oil palm, soybean, cotton, sunflower, Eastern black walnut, Engligh walnut, meadow foam, flax, macadamia nuts, opium poppy, perilla, almond, castorbean, Chinese tallow tree, sesame, jojoba, yellow mustard, stokes' aster, and Zanzibar oilvine. 1 table. (DP)

Duke, J.A. (Economic Botany Lab., Beltsville, MD); Bagby, M.O.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

L-325 Sagebrush Habitat Mitigation Project: Final Compensation Area Monitoring Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document provides a review and status of activities conducted in support of the Fluor Daniel Hanford Company (Fluor), now Mission Support Alliance (MSA), Mitigation Action Plan (MAP) for Project L-325, Electrical Utility Upgrades (2007). Three plantings have been installed on a 4.5-hectare mitigation area to date. This review provides a description and chronology of events, monitoring results, and mitigative actions through fiscal year (FY) 2012. Also provided is a review of the monitoring methods, transect layout, and FY 2012 monitoring activities and results for all planting years. Planting densities and performance criteria stipulated in the MAP were aimed at a desired future condition (DFC) of 10 percent mature sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata ssp wyomingensis) cover. Current recommendations for yielding this DFC are based upon a conceptual model planting of 1000 plants/ha (400/ac) exhibiting a 60-percent survival rate after 5 monitoring years (DOE 2003). Accordingly, a DFC after 5 monitoring years would not be less than 600 plants/ha (240/ac). To date, about 8700 sagebrush plants have been grown and transplanted onto the mitigation site. Harsh site conditions and low seedling survival have resulted in an estimated 489 transplants/ha on the mitigation site, which is 111 plants/ha short of the target DFC. Despite this apparent shortcoming, 71, 91, and 24 percent of the surviving seedlings planted in FY 2007 and FY 2008 and FY 2010, respectively, showed signs of blooming in FY 2012. Blooming status may be a positive indication of future sagebrush recruitment, and is therefore a potential source for reaching the target DFC of 600 plants/ha on this mitigation site over time. Because of the difficulty establishing small transplants on this site, we propose that no additional plantings be considered for this mitigation area and to rely upon the potential recruitment by established seedlings to achieve the mitigation commitment set forth in the MAP of 600 plants/ha.

Durham, Robin E.; Becker, James M.

2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

243

Reducing Wave-Induced Microwave Water Level Measurement Error with a Least Squares Designed Digital Filter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A microwave water level sensor, the Design Analysis Model H-3611i, will soon enter service at tide stations operated by the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS), ...

John D. Boon

244

Squaring the Circle: A Mathematical Meditation on the Emptiness of Meanings Without Experience  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this is happening will be a first step in this exploration. What comes to mind in particular is the Josephson Effect (_ [2013c]) which 13 leads to the construction of highly sensitive quantum devices to measure mag- netic fields to high precision (#16;Josephson... for growth, producing new products and new ideas that will revitalise economies and promote commerce. Nothing needs to be drastically changed or dropped, simply expanded from what we have as a starting point. My other 14 motto is: #16;use what you have now...

Vassiliadis, Vassilios S.

2013-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

245

Estimating commuter rail demand to Kendall Square along the Grand Junction Corridor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since acquiring the Grand Junction Railroad in June 2010 from CSX, the Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority (MBTA) has explored the possibility of using the line for commuter rail service. In addition the Grand Junction ...

Bockelie, Adam

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

VIETNAM FINE HANDICRAFT PRODUCT SHOW-CASE AT LUMING SQUARE FROM MARCH 29TH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and silk-making industry of Vietnam... #12;... or precious, skilful and lovely ceramic products made from Bat Trang village, the cradle of ceramic art of Vietnam And products made by inspiration, by hand

Wu, Yih-Min

247

Table 4a. Total Fuel Oil Consumption per Effective Occupied Square...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11 28 18 20 200,001 to 500,000 10 25 8 9 Over 500,000 3 Q 5 6 Principal Building Activity Education 28 62 33 35 Food Sales and Service 28 5 31 33 Health Care 8 21 18 19...

248

207_15 Infrared Spectroscopy and Partial Least Square Calibration in the Simultaneous Quantification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AOCS Press, Urbana, IL 61802 ©2006 by AOCS Press. All rights reserved. No part of this PDF may be repro-

249

Radio Science Bulletin No 326 (September 2008) The Square Kilometer Array (SKA)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the telescope have been identified. One site is in the Karoo wilderness of South Africa, while the other.berkeley.edu/ata/. 8.3 meerKAT (extended Karoo Array Telescope) - Brief description: >50 dish Ã? ~12 m dish synthesis array. - Site: Karoo wilderness, Republic of South Africa. - Main proponent: National Research

Tobar, Michael

250

A Least Squares Method for Spectral Analysis of Space-Time Series  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Common methods in spectral analyses of satellite data are the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) type of approaches, which generally require regular sampling and uniform spacing. These conditions sometimes cannot be met in the satellite ...

Dong L. Wu; Paul B. Hays; Wilbert R. Skinner

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Power Ratio Estimation in Incoherent Backscatter Lidar: Heterodyne Receiver with Square Law Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Comparative return irradiance estimation in a two channel heterodyne lidar receiver should be facilitated by processing finite data samples obtained in a period short compared with that of atmospheric fluctuations affecting beam propagation. Here ...

B. J. Rye

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

REVIEW OF BARRY MAZUR'S IMAGINING NUMBERS (PARTICULARLY THE SQUARE ROOT OF MINUS FIFTEEN) AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

profile in the world's imagination. And it has brought in its train a number of philosophical questions of the explanatory load of quantum mechanics,

Franklin, James

253

Public Parking is available at an hourly rate at the University Square car park.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for generalization beyond what was trained. 11 #12;Figure 5: Checkers Substrate. The substrate (at left) contains of checkers. Each approach is trained against the same hand-engineered deterministic opponent (Fierz, 2002 (jgauci@eecs.ucf.edu ) Kenneth O. Stanley (kstanley@eecs.ucf.edu) School of Electrical Engineering

Heiser, Gernot

254

CHI-SQUARE TEST STATISTICS AND DERIVED MEASURES OF EFFECT FOR HAWKS, RAPTORS, AND ALL BIRDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.31 1.22 6 Danwin 1 1.25 0.80 0 Flowind 4 9.96 0.40 -2 Windmatic 2 2.79 0.72 0 Enertech 4 12.66 0.32 -4 1.10 2.73 1 41.2 3 2.54 1.18 0 44.9 0 0.04 0 0 48.6 0 0.15 0 0 52.0 4 6.00 0.67 -1 Height (m ÷ Exp Accountable percent Turbine congestion (no. in 300 m) ** 0 - ­12 44 27.87 1.58 7 13 - ­24 102 109

255

CHI-SQUARE TEST STATISTICS AND DERIVED MEASURES OF EFFECT FOR VARIOUS BIRDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.28 0 -1 Flowind 0 2.21 0 -4 Windmatic 0 0.62 0 -1 Enertech 2 2.81 0.71 -2 KCS-56 30 27.30 1.10 5 KVS-33.28 0 -1 34.4 10 10.04 1 0 36.9 7 5.11 1.37 4 37.2 0 0.06 0 0 40.3 2 0.24 8.20 3 41.2 0 0.57 0 -1 44.9 0.18 5 Intense control 16 26.44 0.61 -19 Rodent control through 2002 * Unknown 1 0.65 1.53 1 None 17 9

256

Appalachian Basin. The Central Appalachian Basin, a 10,000-square  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cubic feet. SECARB initiated CO 2 injection in mid- January at its test site in Russell County, Virginia. An existing coalbed methane (CBM) well was converted for CO 2 injection...

257

SDLS: a Matlab package for solving conic least-squares problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 28, 2007 ... zip archive that can be downloaded from www.laas.fr/?henrion/software/sdls. Unpacking the archive creates a subdirectory sdls that should be ...

258

1 Park Square West, London NWI 4 U First published 1989  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Please cite this article in press as: P. Hertout, et al., The CEDRES++ equilibrium code and its.elsevier.com/locate/fusengdes The CEDRES++ equilibrium code and its application to ITER, JT-60SA and Tore Supra P. Hertouta , C. Boulbeb- ment. In this contribution, the CEDRES++ code is presented and applications to ITER, JT-60SA and Tore

Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

259

Mathematica code for least-squares cone fitting and equal-area stereonet representation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In structural geology it is often assumed that folds are cylindrical. However, most structures are conical to some degree. Due to the lack of software capable of accurately estimating the best fit cone from a set of oriented data, we developed a Mathematica ... Keywords: Complex conical shapes, Conical best fit, Stereogram plotting software, Stereographic projection, Stereographic projection software

Kieran F. Mulchrone, Daniel Pastor-GaláN, Gabriel GutiéRrez-Alonso

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Improving the stability of a discrete least-squares method for membrane eigenvalue problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-low background experiment since these sensors are made from germa- nium exposed in a nuclear reactor to fast to the missing mass. Generically predicted by supersym- metric (SUSY) theories, Weakly Interacting Massive detection experiment. A WIMP scat- tering induces a low energy (a few keV to a few tens of keV) nuclear

Vianello, Marco

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Stochastic modeling of flows behind a square cylinder with uncertain Reynolds numbers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we explore the use of stochastic Navier-Stokes equations through the Dynamically Orthogonal (DO) methodology developed at MIT in the Multidisciplinary Simulation, Estimation, and Assimilation Systems Group. ...

Wamala, Jacob Kasozi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Global Stability Analysis of Fluid Flows using Sum-of-Squares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

flow is globally stable, if the flow does remain globally stable for Reynolds numbers at least ... ?v1,v2 · ?v3? = ??v3,v2 · ?v1?,. (2) ... Note that the nonlinear term u·?u in (4a) does not feature in the energy equation ...... Transactions on Automatic Control, 54(5):1007–1011, May 2009. ... Handbook of semidefinite program-.

263

Evaluating Rank Histograms Using Decompositions of the Chi-Square Test Statistic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rank histograms are often plotted to evaluate the forecasts produced by an ensemble forecasting system—an ideal rank histogram is “flat” or uniform. It has been noted previously that the obvious test of “flatness,” the well-known ?2 goodness-of-...

Ian T. Jolliffe; Cristina Primo

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Alternatives to the Chi-Square Test for Evaluating Rank Histograms from Ensemble Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rank histograms are a commonly used tool for evaluating an ensemble forecasting system’s performance. Because the sample size is finite, the rank histogram is subject to statistical fluctuations, so a goodness-of-fit (GOF) test is employed to ...

Kimberly L. Elmore

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Figure 6. PCs and Terminals per Million Square Feet, 1992 and...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Swenson URL: consumptioncommercialdataarchivecbecsconsumptionbriefssqft9295.htm For help with technical problems, please contact the webmaster: wmaster@eia.doe.gov Phone...

266

Time behavior of a critical reactor pulsed with a large square wave source  

SciTech Connect

In a previous Naval Application memorandum, a discussion was given of what happens to the power level of a reactor when an instantaneous, very large neutron source is introduced. The motivation for the problem arises from the question of what happens when a nuclear bomb is detonated near a reactor powered missile. This present memorandum looks at the same problem as that which is discussed in the previous memorandum but in slightly more detail. The results obtained are essentially the same as those of the previous memorandum with somewhat more attention given to the nature of the assumptions made. The kinetics model used is the space-time separable, one delayed group model. Space-time separability is almost certainly a poor assumption in this case. When a very large neutron wavefront impinges on a reactor, the subsequent short time behavior can hardly be that predicted by this simple model. One would expect very large local power densities in one part of the core before another part would see anything unusual. The other assumption, one delayed group, is not necessary but makes the mathematics simpler and in view of the first assumption is probably quite acceptable. In spite of these simplifications the model gives results which should have,qualitative physical relevance.

Barnett, C.

1962-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

267

Source localization and sensing: a nonparametric iterative adaptive approach based on weighted least squares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Array processing is widely used in sensing applications for estimating the locations and waveforms of the sources in a given field. In the absence of a large number of snapshots, which is the case in numerous practical ...

Baggeroer, Arthur B.

268

Environmental Assessment Proposed Changes to the Sanitary Biosolids Land Application Program on the Oak Ridge Reservation Oak Ridge, Tennessee  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

56 56 Environmental Assessment Proposed Changes to the Sanitary Biosolids Land Application Program on the Oak Ridge Reservation Oak Ridge, Tennessee February 2003 U.S. Department of Energy Oak Ridge Operations i ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ac acres ALARA as low as reasonably achievable AMSA American Metropolitan Sewer Association CEQ Council on Environmental Quality CSF cancer slope factor DOE U.S. Department of Energy EA environmental assessment EFPC East Fork Poplar Creek EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EPS Effluent Polishing System (West End Treatment Facility) FONSI Finding of No Significant Impact g gram ha hectares HEAST Health Effects Assessment Summary Tables HI hazard index HQ hazard quotient IDP Industrial Discharge Permit IRIS Integrated Risk Information System kg kilogram

269

SEA-03: Special Environmental Analysis | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SEA-03: Special Environmental Analysis SEA-03: Special Environmental Analysis SEA-03: Special Environmental Analysis Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration, Actions Taken in Response to the Cerro Grande Fire at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico (September 2000) The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration, is issuing this special environmental analysis (SEA) to document its assessment of impacts associated with emergency activities conducted at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos County, New Mexico, in response to major disaster conditions caused by the recent wildfire known as the Cerro Grande Fire. This wildfire burned about 7,650 acres (ac) (3,061 hectares [ha]) within the boundaries of LANL and about an

270

Conforth Ranch (Wanaket) Wildlife Mitigation Project : Draft Management Plan and Draft Environmental Assessment.  

SciTech Connect

Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) proposes to mitigate for loss of wildlife habitat caused by the development of Columbia River Basin hydroelectric projects, including McNary dam. The proposed wildlife mitigation project involves wildlife conservation on 1140 hectares (ha)(2817 acres) of land (including water rights) in Umatilla County, Oregon. BPA has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA)(DOE/EA- 1016) evaluating the proposed project. Based on the analysis in the EA, BPA has determined that the proposed action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Therefore, the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is not required, and BPA is issuing this Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI).

United States. Bonneville Power Administration; Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation, Oregon.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Mountain home known geothermal resource area: an environmental analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Mountain Home KGRA encompasses an area of 3853 hectares (ha) at the foot of the Mount Bennett Hills in Elmore County, Idaho. The site is associated with an arid climate and high winds that generate an acute dust problem. The KGRA lies adjacent to the northwest-southeast trending fault zone that reflects the northern boundary of the western Snake River Plain graben. Data indicate that a careful analysis of the subsidence potential is needed prior to extensive geothermal development. Surface water resources are confined to several small creeks. Lands are utilized for irrigated farmlands and rangeland for livestock. There are no apparent soil limitations to geothermal development. Sage grouse and mule deer are the major species of concern. The potential of locating significant heritage resources other than the Oregon Trail or the bathhouse debris appears to be relatively slight.

Spencer, S.G.; Russell, B.F. (eds.)

1979-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

High-value renewable energy from prairie grasses  

SciTech Connect

Projected economic benefits of renewable energy derived from a native prairie grass, switchgrass, include nonmarket values that can reduce net fuel costs to near zero. At a farm gate price of $44.00/dry Mg, an agricultural sector model predicts higher profits for switchgrass than conventional crops on 16.9 million hectares (ha). Benefits would include an annual increase of $6 billion in net farm returns, a $1.86 billion reduction in government subsidies, and displacement of 44-159 Tg/year (1 Tg = 10{sup 12} g) of greenhouse gas emissions. Incorporating these values into the pricing structure for switchgrass bioenergy could accelerate commercialization and provide net benefits to the U.S. economy.

McLaughlin Jr, Samuel B [ORNL; De La Torre Ugarte, D. [University of Tennessee; Garten Jr, Charles T [ORNL; Lynd, L. [Dartmouth College; Sanderson, M. [USDA ARS; Tolbert, Virginia R [ORNL; Wolf, D. [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech)

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Transportation Energy Futures (TEF) Data and Sources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

search search keywordsclear search show bibliography show instructions ^(sprawl|density|population density|census|ppsm|metro area|single-family|weighted density|population center|populations?|mix|american housing survey|schools?|population-serving|density gradient|metropolitan|msas?|psas?|urban|blocks?)$ ^(co2|emissions?|rates?|transient|smooth|driving|gallons per mile|g/mile|average speed|speeds?|moves|miles per gallon|mpg)$ ^(vmt|vehicle miles traveled|census tract|census|ppsm|persons per square mile|density|dwelling units?|units?|2005|2035|cambridge|residential land)$ ^(vkt|vehicle-kilometers|per capita|africa|latin america|asia|canada|oceania|europe|middle east|u.s.|united states|los angeles|san francisco|australia|johannesburg|seoul|taipei|density|persons per hectare)$

274

fernmeldewerk  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... dispute. disseminate. dissolve. distinguish. district. disused. divergence. divers. diversify. ... headwaters. health. heap. heat. heavily. heavy. hectare. hedge ...

275

DVD2002 Conference and Exhibition: Standards, Applications ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... is a nonprofit organization funded through ... Our Directory of Resources and member's ... two locations: Gaithersburg, Md., (headquarters—234-hectare ...

2006-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

276

People-Centered Development in Nepal: An Innovative Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Out or the existing irrigaled area of 1,005 thousand hectares. about 711 thousand Ilcctsrcs or 71.8% is managed by the fanners and the remaining 284 thollsand hectares or 28.2% by the Department 01" Irrigation. About 721 thousand hectares of the farmcr...

Devkota, Padam Lal

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

QUANTIFYING FOREST ABOVEGROUND CARBON POOLS AND FLUXES USING MULTI-TEMPORAL LIDAR A report on field monitoring, remote sensing MMV, GIS integration, and modeling results for forestry field validation test to quantify aboveground tree biomass and carbon  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Sound policy recommendations relating to the role of forest management in mitigating atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) depend upon establishing accurate methodologies for quantifying forest carbon pools for large tracts of land that can be dynamically updated over time. Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) remote sensing is a promising technology for achieving accurate estimates of aboveground biomass and thereby carbon pools; however, not much is known about the accuracy of estimating biomass change and carbon flux from repeat LiDAR acquisitions containing different data sampling characteristics. In this study, discrete return airborne LiDAR data was collected in 2003 and 2009 across {approx}20,000 hectares (ha) of an actively managed, mixed conifer forest landscape in northern Idaho, USA. Forest inventory plots, established via a random stratified sampling design, were established and sampled in 2003 and 2009. The Random Forest machine learning algorithm was used to establish statistical relationships between inventory data and forest structural metrics derived from the LiDAR acquisitions. Aboveground biomass maps were created for the study area based on statistical relationships developed at the plot level. Over this 6-year period, we found that the mean increase in biomass due to forest growth across the non-harvested portions of the study area was 4.8 metric ton/hectare (Mg/ha). In these non-harvested areas, we found a significant difference in biomass increase among forest successional stages, with a higher biomass increase in mature and old forest compared to stand initiation and young forest. Approximately 20% of the landscape had been disturbed by harvest activities during the six-year time period, representing a biomass loss of >70 Mg/ha in these areas. During the study period, these harvest activities outweighed growth at the landscape scale, resulting in an overall loss in aboveground carbon at this site. The 30-fold increase in sampling density between the 2003 and 2009 did not affect the biomass estimates. Overall, LiDAR data coupled with field reference data offer a powerful method for calculating pools and changes in aboveground carbon in forested systems. The results of our study suggest that multitemporal LiDAR-based approaches are likely to be useful for high quality estimates of aboveground carbon change in conifer forest systems.

Lee Spangler; Lee A. Vierling; Eva K. Stand; Andrew T. Hudak; Jan U.H. Eitel; Sebastian Martinuzzi

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

www.elsevier.com/locate/envpol Carbon storage and sequestration by urban trees in the USA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

‘‘Capsule’’: Urban trees currently store 700 million tons of carbon, with an annual sequestration rate of 22.8 million tons. Based on field data from 10 USA cities and national urban tree cover data, it is estimated that urban trees in the coterminous USA currently store 700 million tonnes of carbon ($14,300 million value) with a gross carbon sequestration rate of 22.8 million tC/yr ($460 million/year). Carbon storage within cities ranges from 1.2 million tC in New York, NY, to 19,300 tC in Jersey City, NJ. Regions with the greatest proportion of urban land are the Northeast (8.5%) and the southeast (7.1%). Urban forests in the north central, northeast, south central and southeast regions of the USA store and sequester the most carbon, with average carbon storage per hectare greatest in southeast, north central, northeast and Pacific northwest regions, respectively. The national average urban forest carbon storage density is 25.1 tC/ha, compared with 53.5 tC/ha in forest stands. These data can be used to help assess the actual and potential role of urban forests in reducing atmospheric carbon dioxide, a dominant greenhouse gas. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.

David J. Nowak; Daniel E. Crane

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Remedial action plan and site design for stabilization of the inactive uranium mill tailings sites at Slick Rock, Colorado. Remedial action selection report, Appendix B  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Slick Rock uranium mill tailings sites are located near the small town of Slick Rock, in San Miguel County, Colorado. There are two designated UMTRA sites at Slick Rock, the Union Carbide (UC) site and the North Continent (NC) site. Both sites are adjacent to the Dolores River. The UC site is approximately 1 mile (mi) [2 kilometers (km)] downstream of the NC site. Contaminated materials cover an estimated 55 acres (ac) [22 hectares (ha)] at the UC site and 12 ac (4.9 ha) at the NC site. The sites contain former mill building concrete foundations, tailings piles, demolition debris, and areas contaminated by windblown and waterborne radioactive materials. The total estimated volume of contaminated materials is approximately 620, 000 cubic yards (yd{sup 3}) [470,000 cubic meters (m{sup 3})]. In addition to the contamination at the two processing site areas, four vicinity properties were contaminated. Contamination associated with the UC and NC sites has leached into groundwater.

Not Available

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Simulating Potential Switchgrass Production in the United States  

SciTech Connect

Using results from field trials of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) in the United States, the EPIC (Environmental Policy Integrated Climate) process-level agroecosystem model was calibrated, validated, and applied to simulate potential productivity of switchgrass for use as a biofuel feedstock. The model was calibrated with a regional study of 10-yr switchgrass field trials and subsequently tested against a separate compiled dataset of field trials from across the eastern half of the country. An application of the model in a national database using 8-digit watersheds as the primary modeling unit produces 30-yr average switchgrass yield estimates that can be aggregated to 18 major watersheds. The model projects average annual switchgrass productivity of greater than 7 Mg ha-1 in the Upper Mississippi, Lower Mississippi, and Ohio watersheds. The major factors limiting simulated production vary by region; low precipitation is the primary limiting factor across the western half of the country, while moderately acidic soils limit yields on lands east of the Mississippi River. Average projected switchgrass production on all crop land in the continental US is 5.6 Mg ha-1. At this level of productivity, 28.6 million hectares of crop land would be required to produce the 16 billion gallons of cellulosic ethanol called for by 2022 in the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act. The model described here can be applied as a tool to inform the land-use and environmental consequences of switchgrass production.

Thomson, Allison M.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; West, T. O.; Parrish, David J.; Tyler, Donald D.; Williams, Jimmy R.

2009-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Intrinsic Lipid Preferences and Kinetic Mechanism of Escherichia coli MurG Lan Chen, Hongbin Men, Sha Ha, Xiang-Yang Ye, Livia Brunner, Yanan Hu, and Suzanne Walker*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in terms of a more familiar domain, such as understanding the atom in terms of the solar system (Gentner

Walker, Suzanne

282

The purpose of this bulletin is to provide information for identifying counterfeit Square D breakers to DOE facilities.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Report any counterfeit breakers identified through the Occurrence Reporting and Processing System (ORPS

283

Fault Current Calculation by The Least Squares Method Natthaphob Nimpitiwan, Student Member, IEEE, and Gerald T. Heydt, Fellow, IEEE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the reliability of the power supply, peak shaving, grid support and combined heat and power (CHP), are the major and storage and control technologies. Distributed resources can either be grid connected or inde- pendent of the grid. According to the IEEE Standard 1547- 2003, DG is defined as "Electric generation facilities con

284

Soft-Sensor Modeling on NOx Emission of Power Station Boilers Based on Least Squares Support Vector Machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The online monitoring for NOx emission of coal-fired boilers in power plants is more difficult to achieve. The soft-sensor technology of artificial neural network (ANN) method that was commonly used has not strong generalization ability, but support ... Keywords: NOx emission, support vector machines, soft sensor, modeling, power station boilers

Feng Lei-hua; Gui Wei-hua; Yang Feng

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Dijet production in polarized proton-proton collisions at [the square root of sigma] = 200 GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polarized deep inelastic scattering (DIS) experiments indicate that quarks only carry approximately 30% of the proton spin, which led to interest in measuring the contributions of other components. Through polarized ...

Walker, Matthew (Matthew Hsing Hung)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Efficient Parameterization of the Observation Error Covariance Matrix for Square Root or Ensemble Kalman Filters: Application to Ocean Altimetry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the Kalman filter standard algorithm, the computational complexity of the observational update is proportional to the cube of the number y of observations (leading behavior for large y). In realistic atmospheric or oceanic applications, ...

Jean-Michel Brankart; Clément Ubelmann; Charles-Emmanuel Testut; Emmanuel Cosme; Pierre Brasseur; Jacques Verron

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Efficient Adaptive Error Parameterizations for Square Root or Ensemble Kalman Filters: Application to the Control of Ocean Mesoscale Signals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Kalman filter applications, an adaptive parameterization of the error statistics is often necessary to avoid filter divergence, and prevent error estimates from becoming grossly inconsistent with the real error. With the classic formulation of ...

Jean-Michel Brankart; Emmanuel Cosme; Charles-Emmanuel Testut; Pierre Brasseur; Jacques Verron

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Environmental assessment for the resiting, construction, and operation of the Environmental and Molecular Sciences Laboratory at the Hanford Site, Richland, Washington  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This environmental assessment (EA) presents estimated environmental impacts from the resiting, construction, and operation of the US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Environmental and Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL), which is proposed to be constructed and operated on land near the south boundary of the Hanford Site near Richland, Washington. The EMSL, if constructed, would be a modern research facility in which experimental, theoretical, and computational techniques can be focused on environmental restoration problems, such as the chemical and transport behavior of complex mixtures of contaminants in the environment. The EMSL design includes approximately 18,500 square meters (200,000 square feet) of floor space on a 12-hectare (30-acre) site. The proposed new site is located within the city limits of Richland in north Richland, at the south end of DOE`s 300 Area, on land to be deeded to the US by the Battelle Memorial Institute. Approximately 200 persons are expected to be employed in the EMSL and approximately 60 visiting scientists may be working in the EMSL at any given time. State-of-the-art equipment is expected to be installed and used in the EMSL. Small amounts of hazardous substances (chemicals and radionuclides) are expected to be used in experimental work in the EMSL.

Not Available

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

NPP Grassland: Klong Hoi Khong, Thailand  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Grass Ecosystems of the Tropics" and has continued under subsequent UNEP and Thai-Austrian research projects. The study site of several hectares is situated within a...

290

The Brazilian Biofuel Experience: Lessons for the Future DOE/EIA ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Corn (million hectares) Soybeans (million ... corn stover, soy bean hulls could be feedstock. • If available at < $.14-$.12/lb. Brazil Electrical Sector

291

INPE-10567-TDI/942/ A MODELAGEM DA DINMICA ESPACIAL COMO UMA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,000 and the headquarters of Jari Celulose SA. The 1.3 million hectare Jari project was founded in the 1960s by a US

Camara, Gilberto

292

Process analysis and economics of biophotolysis of water. IEA technical report from the IEA Agreement on the Production and Utilization of Hydrogen  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report is a preliminary cost analysis of the biophotolysis of water and was prepared as part of the work of Annex 10 of the IEA Hydrogen agreement. Biophotolysis is the conversion of water and solar energy to hydrogen and oxygen using microalgae. In laboratory experiments at low light intensities, algal photosynthesis and some biophotolysis reactions exhibit highlight conversion efficiencies that could be extrapolated to about 10% solar efficiencies if photosynthesis were to saturate at full sunlight intensities. The most promising approach to achieving the critical goal of high conversion efficiencies at full sunlight intensities, one that appears within the capabilities of modern biotechnology, is to genetically control the pigment content of algal cells such that the photosynthetic apparatus does not capture more photons than it can utilize. A two-stage indirect biophotolysis system was conceptualized and general design parameters extrapolated. The process comprises open ponds for the CO{sub 2}fixation stage, an algal concentration step, a dark adaptation and fermentation stage, and a closed tubular photobioreactor in which hydrogen production would take place. A preliminary cost analysis for a 200 hectare (ha) system, including 140 ha of open algal ponds and 14 ha of photobioreactors was carried out. The cost analysis was based on prior studies for algal mass cultures for fuels production and a conceptual analysis of a hypothetical photochemical processes, as well as the assumption that the photobioreactors would cost about $100/m(sup 2). Assuming a very favorable location, with 21 megajoules (MJ)/m{sup 2} total insolation, and a solar conversion efficiency of 10% based on CO{sub 2} fixation in the large algal ponds, an overall cost of $10/gigajoule (GJ) is projected. Of this, almost half is due to the photobioreactors, one fourth to the open pond system, and the remainder to the H{sub 2} handling and general support systems. It must be cautioned that these are highly preliminary, incomplete, and optimistic estimates. Biophotolysis processes, indirect or direct, clearly require considerable basic and applied R and D before a more detailed evaluation of their potential and plausible economics can be carried out. For example, it is not yet clear which type of algae, green algae, or cyanobacteria, would be preferred in biophotolysis. If lower-cost photobioreactors can be developed, then small-scale (<1 ha) single-stage biophotolysis processes may become economically feasible. A major basic and applied R and D effort will be required to develop such biophotolysis processes.

Benemann, J.R.

1998-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

293

SRS ECOLOGY ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION DOCUMENT  

SciTech Connect

The SRS Ecology Environmental Information Document (EEID) provides a source of information on the ecology of Savannah River Site (SRS). The SRS is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)--owned property on the upper Atlantic Coastal Plain of South Carolina, centered approximately 40 kilometers (25 miles) southeast of Augusta, Georgia. The entire site was designated a National Environmental Research Park in 1972 by the Atomic Energy Commission, the predecessor of DOE. This document summarizes and synthesizes ecological research and monitoring conducted on the three main types of ecosystems found at SRS: terrestrial, wetland and aquatic. It also summarizes the available information on the threatened and endangered species found on the Savannah River Site. SRS is located along the Savannah River and encompasses an area of 80,267 hectares (310 square miles) in three South Carolina counties. It contains diverse habitats, flora, and fauna. Habitats include upland terrestrial areas, wetlands, streams, reservoirs, and the adjacent Savannah River. These diverse habitats support a variety of plants and animals, including many commercially or recreationally valuable species and several rare, threatened, or endangered species. Soils are the basic terrestrial resource, influencing the development of terrestrial biological communities. Many different soils exist on the SRS, from hydric to well-drained, and from sand to clay. In general, SRS soils are predominantly well-drained loamy sands.

Wike, L; Doug Martin, D; Eric Nelson, E; Nancy Halverson, N; John Mayer, J; Michael Paller, M; Rodney Riley, R; Michael Serrato, M

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Early History of Networks Basis for Modern Communication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HA.1 Internet history and architecture HA.2 PSTN history and architecture HA.3 SCADA networks overview HA.4 Other networks

James P. G. Sterbenz; James P. G. Sterbenz; James P. G. Sterbenz; James P. G. Sterbenz; James P. G. Sterbenz

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

China's changing landscape during the 1990s: Large-scale land transformations estimated with satellite data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

China's changing landscape during the 1990s: Large-scale land transformations estimated January 2005. [1] Land-cover changes in China are being powered by demand for food for its growing increased by 2.99 million hectares and urban areas increased by 0.82 million hectares. In northern China

296

Constructing a Gapless Spin-Liquid State for the Spin-1/2 J[subscript 1]-J[subscript 2] Heisenberg Model on a Square Lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct a class of projected entangled pair states which is exactly the resonating valence bond wave functions endowed with both short range and long range valence bonds. With an energetically preferred resonating ...

Wang, Ling

297

History of the Pulsed Power, Beams, and Microwaves Laboratory The Directed Energy Microwave Laboratory is a 4100 square foot facility located in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

History of the Pulsed Power, Beams, and Microwaves Laboratory The Directed Energy Microwave of the Directed Energy Microwave Laboratory is to: · educate MS and PhD scientists and engineers

Sen, Pradeep

298

Neutral Pion Double Helicity Asymmetry in Polarized Proton-Proton Collisions at [the square root of sigma]=200 GeV at STAR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the primary goals of the spin physics program at the STAR experiment is to constrain the polarized gluon distribution function, [delta]g(X,Q²), by measuring the double longitudinal spin asymmetry, ALL, of various ...

Leight, William (William Axel)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

The 12th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-12) Sheraton Station Square, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. September 30-October 4, 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the insolated top Pyrex surface, which suggests that the void fraction was significantly higher than it appears, P., 1999, "Experimental Investigations on Boiling of N-Pentane Across a Horizontal Tube Bundle: Two

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

300

Fast communication: Joint design of Gaussianized spectrum-based features and least-square linear classifier for automatic acoustic environment classification in hearing aids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose a method to generate a novel set of features in order to improve sound classification in digital hearing aids. The approach is based on the fact that those classification algorithms whose design consists in minimizing the mean ... Keywords: Audio signals, Digital hearing aids, Feature extraction, Sound classification, Spectrum Gaussianization

Lucas Cuadra; Roberto Gil-Pita; Enrique Alexandre; Manuel Rosa-Zurera

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Office of the President One Washington Square San Jose, California 95192-0002 408/277-3456 26 December, 1984 PD 84-07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for overhead or indirect costs. These latter costs include reimbursements for administrative processing, estimating, supervision, equipment, vehicles, etc., and would normally be calculated and added facilities or equipment. This definition specifi- cally excludes new work and alterations: e.g., constructing

Su, Xiao

302

MEASUREMENT OF SINGLE TRANSVERSE-SPIN ASYMMETRY IN FORWARD PRODUCTION OF PHOTONS AND NEUTRONS IN PP COLLSION AT SQUARE ROOT = 200 GEV.  

SciTech Connect

The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) was commissioned for polarized proton-proton collisions, at the center of mass energy {radical}s = 200 GeV during the run in 2001-2002. The authors have measured the single transverse-spin asymmetry A{sub N} for production of photons, neutral pions, and neutrons at the very forward angle. The asymmetries for the photon and neutral pion sample were consistent with zero within the experimental uncertainties. In contrast, the neutron sample exhibited an unexpectedly large asymmetry. This large asymmetry will be used for the non-destructive polarimeter for polarized proton beams at the collision points in the RHIC interaction region.

BAZILEVSKY,A.MAKDISI,Y.ET AL.

2002-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

303

Identification of Convection Heat Transfer Coefficient of Secondary Cooling Zone of CCM based on Least Squares Method and Stochastic Approximation Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The detailed mathematical model of heat and mass transfer of steel ingot of curvilinear continuous casting machine is proposed. The process of heat and mass transfer is described by nonlinear partial differential equations of parabolic type. Position of phase boundary is determined by Stefan conditions. The temperature of cooling water in mould channel is described by a special balance equation. Boundary conditions of secondary cooling zone include radiant and convective components of heat exchange and account for the complex mechanism of heat-conducting due to airmist cooling using compressed air and water. Convective heat-transfer coefficient of secondary cooling zone is unknown and considered as distributed parameter. To solve this problem the algorithm of initial adjustment of parameter and the algorithm of operative adjustment are developed.

Ivanova, Anna

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Sound insulation in buildings: linking theory and University of Liverpool, School of Architecture, Abercromby Square, L69 7ZN Liverpool, UK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sound insulation in buildings: linking theory and practice C. Hopkins University of Liverpool exist to predict sound and vibration transmission across some, but not all types of building element over the building acoustics frequency range. For this reason, laboratory measurements remain important

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

305

Published as: Ha T. Nguyen and Joshua M. Pearce, "Incorporating Shading Losses in Solar Photovoltaic Potential Assessment at the Municipal Scale" Solar Energy 86(5), pp. 12451260 (2012). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2012.01.017  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photovoltaic Potential Assessment at the Municipal Scale" Solar Energy 86(5), pp. 1245­1260 (2012). DOI: http; Photovoltaic; Renewable energy; Solar energy; Solar irradiation modeling ; Shading Abbreviations (Apv, "Incorporating Shading Losses in Solar Photovoltaic Potential Assessment at the Municipal Scale" Solar Energy 86

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

306

Remedial Action Plan and Site Design for Stabilization of the Inactive Uranium Mill Tailings Site, Maybell, Colorado. Remedial action selection report: Attachment 2, Geology report, Final  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Maybell uranium mill tailings site is 25 miles (mi) (40 kilometers [km]) west of the town of Craig, Colorado, in Moffat County, in the northwestern part of the state. The unincorporated town of Maybell is 5 road mi (8 km) southwest of the site. The designated site covers approximately 110 acres (ac) (45 hectares [ha]) and consists of a concave-shaped tailings pile and rubble from the demolition of the mill buildings buried in the former mill area. Contaminated materials at the Maybell processing site include the tailings pile, which has an average depth of 20 feet (ft) (6 meters [m]) and contains 2.8 million cubic yards (yd{sup 3}) (2.1 million cubic meters [m{sup 3}]) of tailings. The former mill processing area is on the north side of the site and contains 20,000 yd{sup 3} (15,000 m{sup 3}) of contaminated demolition debris. Off-pile contamination is present and includes areas adjacent to the tailings pile, as well as contamination dispersed by wind and surface water flow. The volume of off-pile contamination to be placed in the disposal cell is 550,000 yd{sup 3} (420,000 m{sup 3}). The total volume of contaminated materials to be disposed of as part of the remedial action is estimated to be 3.37 million yd{sup 3} (2.58 million m{sup 3}). Information presented in this Final Remedial Action Plan (RAP) and referenced in supporting documents represents the current disposal cell design features and ground water compliance strategy proposed by the US Department of Energy (DOE) for the Maybell, Colorado, tailings site. Both the disposal cell design and the ground water compliance strategy have changed from those proposed prior to the preliminary final RAP document as a result of prudent site-specific technical evaluations.

Not Available

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Public Response to Residential Grid-Tied PV Systems in Colorado  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 15. Square Footage of Home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

308

The effects of sulfate fertilization and high levels of sulfate and salt drinking water on the growth and mineral status of ruminants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three experiments were conducted to determine the effects of sulfate (SO?²?) in forage and drinking water on the performance and mineral status of cattle and sheep. In Experiment 1, forty-eight late gestation crossbred cows were grazed on twelve 10-acre oat pastures for 112 days (Jan 6 to Apr 28) to determine the effects of oat forage fertilized with ammonium sulfate ((NH?)?SO?) on serum Ca, Mg and P status of cows. Pastures were assigned to either an (NH?)?SO? (400 kg/ha) or ammonium nitrate (NH?NO?, 247 kg\\ha) fertilizer treatment. The forage sulfur (S) concentrations were higher (P water on the performance and mineral status of growing cattle. Twelve crossbred growing cattle were grazed on twelve 1.4-hectare native pastures for 56 d (from Jun 16 to Aug 11). The cattle were given a single source of water: tap water (n=4), SO?²? water (1139 mg SO?²?/L, n=4) and SO?²?/NaCl water (1546mg SO?²?/L and 3489 mg Na/L, n=4). The average daily gain (ADG) of cattle provided with tap water and SO?²? water was greater than that of cattle drinking SO?²?/NaCl water (Pwater sources (P>.05). There was no difference in serum Ca, P, Mg, K and Cu of the cattle due to source of water (P> .05). ne water intake of cattle with different treatments was associated with climatic factors differently. In Experiment 3, nine growing wethers were randomly assigned to an individual pen in the metallic laboratory to determine mineral balance in sheep provided with tap water, SO?²? watwe or SO?²?/NaCl water. The periods of the feeding and metabolic trial were 28 d and 12 d, respectively. There were no significant differences for ADG and feed efficiency of animals provided the treatments (P>.05). There was no difference for serum Na, Ca, P, Mg and Zn in sheep among the treatments (P> .05). But serum Cu of the sheep drinking tap water was Feater than that of the sheep drinking SO?²?/NaCl water (Pwater and SO?²?/NaCl water did not affect the OM intake, digestibility of OM and NDF, and ADG of sheep during the trial (P>.05).

Xie, Kehe

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

November 2000 / Vol. 50 No. 11 BioScience 947 Soil as an Endangered Ecosystem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

30 to 40 tons per hectare, leaving the land unprotected from rainfall and wind energy.Adding insult. Another concern is the estimated $20 billion cost of fertilizer nutrients that are lost each year through

Sparks, Donald L.

310

AbitibiBowater Advanced Measurement & Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hectare study site, Jari Celulose. Working in a mixture of second-growth forest and primary forest this space! The elusive and incrediby rare bush dog. The cellulose factory of Jarí Celulose SA. The entire

311

PlanetEarthWinter2004--www.nerc.ac.uk here is more to second-growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hectare study site, Jari Celulose. Working in a mixture of second-growth forest and primary forest this space! The elusive and incrediby rare bush dog. The cellulose factory of Jarí Celulose SA. The entire

Brierley, Andrew

312

Analysis of Energy Use in Building Services of the Industrial Sector in California: A Literature Review and a Preliminary Characterization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

foot and in the cost per square foot. Table A.I3 Energyyear-square foot Cost per year-square foot Energy Cost andyear-square foot Cost per year-square foot When comparing

Akbari, H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

LIGHTING CONTROLS: SURVEY OF MARKET POTENTIAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cost Floor Space Cost per square foot 800,000 square feet hrCOST FLOOR SPACE COST PER SQUARE FOOT square feet 5.2.4$ 1.85 per square foot, respectively, for a cost-effective

Verderber, R.R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Measurements of coefficients of discharge for concentric flange-tapped square-edged orifice meters in natural gas over the Reynolds Number range 25,000 to 16,000,000. Technical note (Final)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report describes the data acquisition systems and procedures used in the American Petroleum Institute (API)-sponsored orifice discharge coefficient project performed in natural gas flows and conducted at the test loop of the Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America (NGPL) in Joliet, Illinois. Measurements of orifice discharge coefficients for 6- and 10-inch diameter orifice meter runs were made using critical venturis for mass flowrate measurement with associated measurement of pressures and temperatures. Eleven venturis were calibrated at the Colorado Engineering Experiment Station, Inc. (CEESI). Measurements of absolute and differential pressure and temperature for venturi and orifice meter conditions were made using an automated data acquisition system. Temperature and pressure measurements were directly related to U.S. national measurement standards. Daily calibration of absolute and differential pressure transducers using pressure working standards was designed into the measurement procedures. Collected over a 2-year period, the database contains tests on 44 orifice plates in 8 beta ratios for two meter sizes (6- and 10-inches). The database contains 1,345 valid test points.

Whetstone, J.R.; Cleveland, W.G.; Bateman, B.R.; Sindt, C.F.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

La[subscript 4]LiAuO[subscript 8] and La[subscript 2]BaPdO[subscript 5]: Comparing Two Highly Stable d[superscript 8] Square-Planar Oxides  

SciTech Connect

La{sub 4}LiAuO{sub 8} and La{sub 2}BaPdO{sub 5}, two previously known oxides, are presented as model compounds for examining the role of isolated and immobilized Au{sup 3+} and Pd{sup 2+} ions in heterogeneous catalysis. Structural characterization, stability, surface composition, and electronic structure of these compounds are presented. These are examined in studies ranging from synchrotron X-ray scattering, including pair distribution function (PDF) and maximum entropy method (MEM) analysis, to density functional calculations of the electronic structures. The exceptional stability displayed by these compounds as verified by thermogravimetric analysis can be attributed to the presence of covalent Au-O and Pd-O interactions revealed in MEM studies, which suggests a criterion for stabilizing these highly oxophobic transition metals in oxide environments. Catalytic testing of the two compounds as heterogeneous catalysts in the oxidation of CO to CO{sub 2} are presented. La{sub 2}BaPdO{sub 5} appears to be an effective catalyst for CO oxidation, despite the low surface area of the oxide being used. This is the first time that a fully ordered (rather than doped) Pd{sup 2+} oxide had been used to catalyze CO oxidation. La{sub 4}LiAuO{sub 8} on the other hand, is much less effective at catalyzing CO oxidation. Differences in the reactivities of the two compounds are discussed with respect to differences in their density functional electronic structures.

Kurzman, Joshua A.; Ouyang, Xiaoying; Im, Won Bin; Li, Jun; Hu, Jerry; Scott, Susannah L.; Seshadri, Ram (UCSB)

2010-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

316

Veterinary Medicine Research Facility 3B Sustainability Features Veterinary Medicine 3B is a four-story, 76,000 assignable square foot research building dedicated to protecting and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and argon gas between panes also prevent unwanted heat loss or gain. Heating and Cooling - Operable windows and demolition waste from the landfill. #12;Future Efficiencies - The project team also considered future energy% of construction waste diverted from landfill disposal 80% less potable water use* *when compared to a similar

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

317

Search for 3rd Generation Vector Leptoquarks in the Di-tau Di-jet Channel in Proton Antiproton Collisions at square root s = 1.96 TeV  

SciTech Connect

We search for third generation vector leptoquarks (V LQ3) produced in colliding p{bar p} beams operating at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV at the CDF experiment in Run II of the Fermilab Tevatron. We use 322 pb{sup -1} of data to search for the V LQ3 signal in the di-tau plus di-jet channel. For the first time, the full matrix element is used in the Monte Carlo simulation of this signal. With no events observed in the signal region, we set a 95% C.L. upper limit on the V LQ3 pair production cross section of {sigma} < 344fb, assuming Yang-Mills couplings and Br(V LQ3 {yields} b{tau}) = 1, and a lower limit on the V LQ3 mass of m{sub V LQ3} > 317 GeV=c{sup 2}. If theoretical uncertainties on the cross section are applied in the least favorable manner the results are {sigma} < 360fb and m{sub V LQ3} > 294 GeV=c{sup 2}. The Minimal coupling V LQ3 result is an upper limit on the cross section of {sigma} < 493fb ({sigma} < 610fb) and the lower limit on the mass is m{sub V LQ3} > 251 GeV=c{sup 2} (m{sub V LQ3} > 223 GeV=c{sup 2}) for the nominal (1{sigma} varied) theoretical expectation.

Forrester, Stanley Scott; /UC, Davis

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

5.3.1 Width and Height of the Weld Bead The width and height of the weld bead are both proportional to the square root of the heat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.(2.S-Z7)Shetty et al.(2S)examined the material removal mechanisms during the abrasion of Stellite 6

Cambridge, University of

319

A protein evolution model with independent sites that reproduces site-specific amino acid distributions from the Protein Data Bank  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

diffe n GC biases, for thre singl -dom in proteins, ys-ozym (PDB cod 31z , circl s), p osphocarrier prot in Hpr (PDB code 1op , d amonds), and myoglobin (PDB c de 1a6g,squar s), a d f r th small tw -do ins protein ATP s n-thase ? un t (ATPE, PDB cod... is the same for all sites, times the site-specific distributions due to the selection process, Eq. (6), ?i(a) ? wAA(a) exp[-?i h(a)], (10) The factor wAA(a) is obtained as the sum of the expected frequencies of its codons under mutation alone, wCOD(n) = f(n1...

Bastolla, Ugo; Porto, Markus; Roman, H Eduardo; Vendruscolo, Michele

2006-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

320

Remedial action selection report Maybell, Colorado, site. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Maybell uranium mill tailings site is 25 miles (mi) (40 kilometers [km]) west of the town of Craig, Colorado, in Moffat County, in the northwestern part of the state. The unincorporated town of Maybell is 5 road mi (8 km) southwest of the site. The site is 2.5 mi (4 km) northeast of the Yampa River on relatively flat terrain broken by low, flat-topped mesas. U.S. Highway 40 runs east-west 2 mi (3.2 km) south of the site. The designated site covers approximately 110 acres (ac) (45 hectares [ha]) and consists of a concave-shaped tailings pile and rubble from the demolition of the mill buildings buried in the former mill area. The site is situated between Johnson Wash to the east and Rob Pit Mine to the west. Numerous reclaimed and unreclaimed mines are in the immediate vicinity. Aerial photographs (included at the end of this executive summary) show evidence of mining activity around the Maybell site. Contaminated materials at the Maybell processing site include the tailings pile, which has an average depth of 20 feet (ft) (6 meters [ml]) and contains 2.8 million cubic yards (yd{sup 3}) (2.1 million cubic meters [m{sup 3}]) of tailings. The former mill processing area is on the north side of the site and contains 20,000 yd 3 (15,000 m{sup 3}) of contaminated demolition debris. Off-pile contamination is present and includes areas adjacent to the tailings pile, as well as contamination dispersed by wind and surface water flow. The volume of off-pile contamination to be placed in the disposal cell is 550,000 yd{sup 3}(420,000 m{sup 3}). The total volume of contaminated materials to be disposed of as part of the remedial action is estimated to be 3.37 million yd{sup 3} (2.58 million m{sup 3}).

NONE

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

BEST Winery Guidebook: Benchmarking and Energy and Water Savings Tool for the Wine Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

buildings typically cost $91 per square foot and super-butler buildings cost $66 per square foot (Black, 2002). Fortypically costs around $100 per square foot, while concrete

Galitsky, Christina; Worrell, Ernst; Radspieler, Anthony; Healy, Patrick; Zechiel, Susanne

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT DIVISION ANNUAL REPORT 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and profit Total System Costs Cost per square foot grosscollector area Cost per square foot net collector areacos ts ,the overall cost per square foot of collector area

Cairns, E.J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM: CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and profit Total System Costs Cost per square foot grosscollector area Cost per square foot net collector areacosts, the overall cost per square foot of collector area is

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

The Complex and Multi-Faceted Nature of School Construction Costs: Factors Affecting California. A Report to the American Institute of Architects California Council  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cost (ln) and Cost per Square Foot (ln). The coefficientsdependent variable, Cost per Square Foot (ln). Consistentin our data. Measuring cost per square foot, however, yields

Vincent, Jeffrey M; McKoy, Deborah

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Anthrax Sampling and Decontamination: Technology Trade-Offs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be sampled; (c) the cost per square foot to decontaminate acritical items. The cost per square foot of decontaminatingcritical items. The cost per square foot of decontaminating

Price, Phillip N.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

An Aerial Radiological Survey of the Yucca Mountain Project Proposed Land Withdrawal and Adjacent Areas  

SciTech Connect

An aerial radiological survey of the Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) proposed land withdrawal was conducted from January to April 2006, and encompassed a total area of approximately 284 square miles (73,556 hectares). The aerial radiological survey was conducted to provide a sound technical basis and rigorous statistical approach for determining the potential presence of radiological contaminants in the Yucca Mountain proposed Land withdrawal area. The survey site included land areas currently managed by the Bureau of Land Management, the U.S. Air Force as part of the Nevada Test and Training Range or the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) as part of the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The survey was flown at an approximate ground speed of 70 knots (36 meters per second), at a nominal altitude of 150 ft (46 m) above ground level, along a set of parallel flight lines spaced 250 ft (76 m) apart. The flight lines were oriented in a north-south trajectory. The survey was conducted by the DOE NNSA/NSO Remote Sensing Laboratory-Nellis, which is located in Las Vegas, Nevada. The aerial survey was conducted at the request of the DOE Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management. The primary contaminant of concern was identified by YMP personnel as cesium-137 ({sup 137}Cs). Due to the proposed land withdrawal area's proximity to the historical Nuclear Rocket Development Station (NRDS) facilities located on the NTS, the aerial survey system required sufficient sensitivity to discriminate between dispersed but elevated {sup 137}Cs levels from those normally encountered from worldwide fallout. As part of that process, the survey also measured and mapped the exposure-rate levels that currently existed within the survey area. The inferred aerial exposure rates of the natural terrestrial background radiation varied from less than 3 to 22 microroentgens per hour. This range of exposure rates was primarily due to the surface geological features within the survey area. The survey area has extensive areas of desert valleys, mountain ranges, extinct volcanic cones, and old lava flows. With the exception of five areas identified within the NRDS boundaries (discussed later in this report), there were no areas within the survey that exceeded aerial survey minimum detectable concentration levels of 0.4 through 0.7 picocuries per gram (pCi/g). The {sup 137}Cs levels do not exceed typical worldwide fallout levels for the continental United States.

Craig Lyons, Thane Hendricks

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Forests to offset the greenhouse effect  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses the role of trees in the prevention of global warming. If forest plantations are used as carbon sinks, it is estimated that 500 million hectares of intensively managed, rapidly growing plantation forests could sequester all of the 5 billion tons or so of carbon released annually through the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation. Land area requirements would be large enough to dwarf all previous forest plantation efforts. The cost would bean average of $400 per hectare to establish such plantations in the United States.

Sedjo, R.A. (Resources for the Future, Washington, DC (USA))

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Omega Mine Injection Program: Monongalia County, West Virginia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the largest project of its kind, coal combustion products (CCPs) were injected into West Virginia's Omega Mine to prevent mine subsidence and decrease acid mine drainage. This report documents the use of an alkaline grout consisting of 49 percent fluidized-bed combustion ash, 49 percent pulverized coal fly ash, plus 2 percent cement to fill the 10.4-hectare (26-acre) north lobe of a 68-hectare (170-acre) mine. The general requirements for such a grouting material were that it possess 1) sufficient flu...

2001-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

329

Kahe Plant Solar Development Guideline Manual  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Kahe Power Plant, owned and operated by Hawaiian Electric Company (HECO), is located in Hawaii on the western shore of the island of Oahu. The plant consists of six oil-fired thermal units located on an approximately 450-acre (182-hectare) parcel with around 75 acres (30 hectares) of land suitable for solar development. The plant is on the leeward side of Oahu, making it one of the areas with the least precipitation and the most solar irradiance on the island. In order to reduce fossil fuel oil consu...

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

330

Reduce Demand Rather than Increase Supply  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

floor area) 8. Annual cost per square foot for Eco Passes (square fe 6. Annual cost per square foot for cash ou $0.10parking cash out costs 10¢ a year per square foot of office

Shoup, Donald C.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Ecological Monitoring and Compliance Program 2006 Report  

SciTech Connect

The Ecological Monitoring and Compliance program (EMAC), funded through the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO), monitors the ecosystem of the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and ensures compliance with laws and regulations pertaining to NTS biota. This report summarizes the program's activities conducted by National Security Technologies LLC (NSTec) during the Calendar Year 2006. Program activities included: (a) biological surveys at proposed construction sites, (b) desert tortoise compliance, (c) ecosystem mapping and data management, (d) sensitive plant species monitoring, (e) sensitive and protected/regulated animal monitoring, (f) habitat monitoring, (g) habitat restoration monitoring, and (h) monitoring of the Nonproliferation Test and Evaluation Complex (NPTEC). Sensitive and protected/regulated species of the NTS include 44 plants, 1 mollusk, 2 reptiles, over 250 birds, and 26 mammals protected, managed, or considered sensitive as per state or federal regulations and natural resource agencies and organizations. The threatened desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) is the only species on the NTS protected under the Endangered Species Act. Biological surveys for the presence of sensitive and protected/regulated species and important biological resources on which they depend were conducted for 34 projects. A total of 342.1 hectares (ha) (845.37 acres [ac]) was surveyed for these projects. Sensitive and protected/regulated species and important biological resources found included: 2 inactive tortoise burrows, 2 western burrowing owls (Athene cunicularia hypugaea), several horses (Equus caballus), 2 active predator burrows, mature Joshua trees (Yucca brevifolia), yuccas and cacti; and also 1 bird nest (2 eggs), 1 barn owl (Tyto alba) and 2 great-horned owls (Bubo virginianus). NSTec provided a written summary report of all survey findings and mitigation recommendations, where applicable. All flagged burrows were avoided during construction activities. Twenty one of the 34 projects had sites within the distribution range of the threatened desert tortoise. NNSA/NSO must comply with the terms and conditions of a permit (called a Biological Opinion) from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) when conducting work in tortoise habitat. No tortoises were found in or displaced from project areas. No desert tortoises were accidentally injured or killed, nor were any captured or displaced from project sites. One desert tortoise was accidentally killed along a paved road. One site specific re-vegetation plan was submitted this year as required by the desert tortoise habitat re-vegetation plan approved in 2004. This year a total of 1.89 ha (4.69 ac) of tortoise habitat was disturbed. Re-vegetation of habitat at the Bren Tower burn was completed in the spring of 2006. In the summer of 2006, NSTec scientists prepared a Biological Assessment of the security activities that were being conducted at the Device Assembly Facility (DAF). NNSA requested a Biological Opinion from FWS in late 2006. Ecosystem mapping and data management in 2006 focused primarily on two tasks: (a) converting hardcopies of about 17 reports (EMAC annual reports and selected topical reports from 1996 to 2003) into electronic versions (Portable Document Format [PDF] files) to facilitate electronic document exchange, rapid retrieval, duplication, and printing, and (b) conducting an annual vegetation survey to determine wildland fire hazards on the NTS. Copies of the PDF documents were sent to DOE's Office of Scientific and Technical Information website in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and the DOE National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) Public Reading Facility.

David C. Anderson; Paul D. Greger; Derek B. Hall; Dennis J. Hansen; William K. Ostler

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Ecological Monitoring and Compliance Program 2006 Report  

SciTech Connect

The Ecological Monitoring and Compliance program (EMAC), funded through the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO), monitors the ecosystem of the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and ensures compliance with laws and regulations pertaining to NTS biota. This report summarizes the program's activities conducted by National Security Technologies LLC (NSTec) during the Calendar Year 2006. Program activities included: (a) biological surveys at proposed construction sites, (b) desert tortoise compliance, (c) ecosystem mapping and data management, (d) sensitive plant species monitoring, (e) sensitive and protected/regulated animal monitoring, (f) habitat monitoring, (g) habitat restoration monitoring, and (h) monitoring of the Nonproliferation Test and Evaluation Complex (NPTEC). Sensitive and protected/regulated species of the NTS include 44 plants, 1 mollusk, 2 reptiles, over 250 birds, and 26 mammals protected, managed, or considered sensitive as per state or federal regulations and natural resource agencies and organizations. The threatened desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) is the only species on the NTS protected under the Endangered Species Act. Biological surveys for the presence of sensitive and protected/regulated species and important biological resources on which they depend were conducted for 34 projects. A total of 342.1 hectares (ha) (845.37 acres [ac]) was surveyed for these projects. Sensitive and protected/regulated species and important biological resources found included: 2 inactive tortoise burrows, 2 western burrowing owls (Athene cunicularia hypugaea), several horses (Equus caballus), 2 active predator burrows, mature Joshua trees (Yucca brevifolia), yuccas and cacti; and also 1 bird nest (2 eggs), 1 barn owl (Tyto alba) and 2 great-horned owls (Bubo virginianus). NSTec provided a written summary report of all survey findings and mitigation recommendations, where applicable. All flagged burrows were avoided during construction activities. Twenty one of the 34 projects had sites within the distribution range of the threatened desert tortoise. NNSA/NSO must comply with the terms and conditions of a permit (called a Biological Opinion) from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) when conducting work in tortoise habitat. No tortoises were found in or displaced from project areas. No desert tortoises were accidentally injured or killed, nor were any captured or displaced from project sites. One desert tortoise was accidentally killed along a paved road. One site specific revegetation plan was submitted this year as required by the desert tortoise habitat revegetation plan approved in 2004. This year a total of 1.89 ha (4.69 ac) of tortoise habitat was disturbed. Revegetation of habitat at the Bren Tower burn was completed in the spring of 2006. In the summer of 2006, NSTec scientists prepared a Biological Assessment of the security activities that were being conducted at the Device Assembly Facility (DAF). NNSA requested a Biological Opinion from FWS in late 2006. Ecosystem mapping and data management in 2006 focused primarily on two tasks: (a) converting hardcopies of about 17 reports (EMAC annual reports and selected topical reports from 1996 to 2003) into electronic versions (Portable Document Format [PDF] files) to facilitate electronic document exchange, rapid retrieval, duplication, and printing, and (b) conducting an annual vegetation survey to determine wildland fire hazards on the NTS.

David C. Anderson; Paul D. Greger; Derek B. Hall; Dennis J. Hansen; William K. Ostler

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Comparison of Marine Microalgae Culture Systems for Fuels Production and Carbon Sequestration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The dual problems of global fossil fuels supplies and global warming focus attention on the need to develop technologies that can provide large amounts of renewable fuels without contributing to global warming. The capture of power plant flue gas CO2 using microalgae cultures is one potential technology that could meet this objective. The central R&D issues are the design and operation of low-cost algal mass culture systems and the development of algal strains and cultivation techniques that can achieve very high biomass productivities. The major objective of this project was to develop mass culture techniques that could result in greatly increased biomass productivities, well above the about 50 metric tons per hectare per year (mt/ha/y) currently achievable. In this project, two marine microalgae species, the diatom Cyclotella sp.. and the green alga Tetraselmis sp., were cultivated on seawater in both open ponds and closed photo bioreactors, under a variety of different cultivation conditions. Simultaneous operation of the closed photo bioreactors and open ponds demonstrated similar productivities, under the same operating conditions. Thus the very expensive closed systems do not provide any major or inherent advantages in microalgae production over open ponds. Mutants of Cyclotella sp. were developed that exhibited reduced pigment content, which theoretically would result in greatly increased productivities when grown under full sunlight. However, in open ponds, these mutant strains exhibited similar productivities as the parental strains. The mutant strains all grew relatively slowly, suggesting that additional mutations masked whatever inherent potential for increased productivities may have resulted from the reduced pigment content. Research is still required to develop improved low pigment strains. When open pond cultures were exposed to intermittent sunlight, by partially covering the ponds with slats, solar conversion efficiencies increased dramatically, by over 50%. Although such techniques are not directly applicable to practical processes, the experiments demonstrated the inherent potential of algal mass cultures to achieve very high productivities. Nitrogen limited pond cultures demonstrated that it is possible to produce biomass with a potentially high content of carbohydrates or oils (although these were not directly measured in these experiments), without reducing achievable productivities. This suggested that microalgae biomass suitable for conversion to biofuels (ethanol or biodiesel) could be produced without compromising productivity. Experiments combining both light modulation and nitrogen limitation indicated possibly synergistic effects. The goal of developing practical and economic processes for the sustainable production of renewable fuels with microalgae pond cultures using power plant flue gases as sources of CO2 was advanced by these studies, but requires more work. Most important is the research, development and demonstration in outdoor pond cultures of algal strains with low pigment content. Such strains are the most likely approach to achieve, in combination with the other mass culture techniques investigated in this study, the very high productivities, above 100 mt/ha/y (45 t/acre/y), that are the goal in this field. The projected economics for such a process suggests that, as for higher plant biofuel production, microalgae biofuels production should be developed as a multiproduct process providing additional higher value co-products.

Weissman, Joseph C; Polle, Juergen

2006-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

334

Algae as a Feedstock for Biofuels: An Assessment of the State of Technology and Opportunities. Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The pursuit of a stable, economically-sound, and environmentally-friendly source of transportation fuel has led to extensive research and development (R&D) efforts focused on the conversion of various feedstocks into biofuels. Some feedstocks, such as sugar cane, corn and woody biomass, are targeted because their structures can be broken down into sugars and fermented into alcohols. Other feedstocks, such as vegetable oils, are appealing because they contain considerable amounts of lipids, which can be extracted and converted into biodiesel or other fuels. While significant R&D and commercial strides have been made with each of these feedstocks, technical and market barriers (e.g., cost, scalability, infrastructure requirements, and 'food vs. fuel' debates) currently limit the penetration of the resultant biofuels into the mainstream. Because of algae's ability to potentially address several of these barriers, its use as a feedstock for biofuels has led to much excitement and initiative within the energy industry. Algae are highly diverse, singleor multi-cellular organisms comprised of mostly lipids, protein, and carbohydrates, which may be used to produce a wide variety of biofuels. Algae offer many competitive advantages over other feedstocks, including: 1) Higher potential lipid content than terrestrial plants, sometimes exceeding 50% of the cell's dry biomass (U.S. DOE, May '10; Tornabene et al., 1983) 2) Rapid growth rates that are 20-30 times higher than terrestrial crops (McDill, 2009) and, in some cases, capable of doubling in size with 10 hours 3) Diverse number of species that can collectively thrive in a wide range of environments throughout the world, presenting an overall high overall tolerance for climate, sunlight, nutrient levels, etc. 4) Daily harvesting potential instead of seasonal harvest periods associated with terrestrial crops 5) Potential to redirect CO2 from industry operations to algal cultivation facilities to be used in an algal biofuel cycle before it is released into the atmosphere 6) Ability to be cultivated on land that that is unsuitable for agriculture, so it does not directly compete with farmland Given microalgae's high lipid content and rapid growth rates, maximum oil yields of 20,000--115,000 L/ha/yr (2,140-13,360 gal/ac/yr) have been estimated. xiv 7) Ability to thrive in seawater, wastewater, or other non-potable sources, so it does not directly compete with fresh water resources. In fact, wastewater can provide algae with some essential nutrients, such as nitrogen, so algae may contribute to cleaning up wastewater streams. 8) Non-toxic and biodegradable 9) Co-products that may present high value in other markets, including nutriceuticals and cosmetics Given microalgae's high lipid content and rapid growth rate, maximum oil yields of 20,000 -- 115,000 liters per hectare per year (L/ha/yr) (2,140 -- 13,360 gallons per acre per year) (Baldos, 2009; Wijffels, 2008) have been estimated, which is considerably higher than any other competing feedstock. Although algae species collectively present many strong advantages (although one specific species is unlikely to possess all of the advantages listed), a sustainable algal biofuel industry is at least one or two decades away from maturity, and no commercial scale operations currently exist. Several barriers must first be overcome before algal biofuels can compete with traditional petroleum-based fuels. Production chains with net energy output need to be identified, and continued R&D is needed to reduce the cost in all segments of the production spectrum (e.g., harvesting, dewatering, extracting of oil). Further research to identify strains with high production rates and/or oil yields may also improve competitiveness within the market. Initiatives to seamlessly integrate algal biofuels into the existing transportation infrastructure may increase their convenience level.

Sikes, K.; McGill, R. [Sentech, Inc. (United States); Van Walwijk, M. [Independent Consultant (France)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

335

Algae as a Feedstock for Biofuels: An Assessment of the State of Technology and Opportunities. Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The pursuit of a stable, economically-sound, and environmentally-friendly source of transportation fuel has led to extensive research and development (R&D) efforts focused on the conversion of various feedstocks into biofuels. Some feedstocks, such as sugar cane, corn and woody biomass, are targeted because their structures can be broken down into sugars and fermented into alcohols. Other feedstocks, such as vegetable oils, are appealing because they contain considerable amounts of lipids, which can be extracted and converted into biodiesel or other fuels. While significant R&D and commercial strides have been made with each of these feedstocks, technical and market barriers (e.g., cost, scalability, infrastructure requirements, and 'food vs. fuel' debates) currently limit the penetration of the resultant biofuels into the mainstream. Because of algae's ability to potentially address several of these barriers, its use as a feedstock for biofuels has led to much excitement and initiative within the energy industry. Algae are highly diverse, singleor multi-cellular organisms comprised of mostly lipids, protein, and carbohydrates, which may be used to produce a wide variety of biofuels. Algae offer many competitive advantages over other feedstocks, including: 1) Higher potential lipid content than terrestrial plants, sometimes exceeding 50% of the cell's dry biomass (U.S. DOE, May '10; Tornabene et al., 1983) 2) Rapid growth rates that are 20-30 times higher than terrestrial crops (McDill, 2009) and, in some cases, capable of doubling in size with 10 hours 3) Diverse number of species that can collectively thrive in a wide range of environments throughout the world, presenting an overall high overall tolerance for climate, sunlight, nutrient levels, etc. 4) Daily harvesting potential instead of seasonal harvest periods associated with terrestrial crops 5) Potential to redirect CO2 from industry operations to algal cultivation facilities to be used in an algal biofuel cycle before it is released into the atmosphere 6) Ability to be cultivated on land that that is unsuitable for agriculture, so it does not directly compete with farmland Given microalgae's high lipid content and rapid growth rates, maximum oil yields of 20,000--115,000 L/ha/yr (2,140-13,360 gal/ac/yr) have been estimated. xiv 7) Ability to thrive in seawater, wastewater, or other non-potable sources, so it does not directly compete with fresh water resources. In fact, wastewater can provide algae with some essential nutrients, such as nitrogen, so algae may contribute to cleaning up wastewater streams. 8) Non-toxic and biodegradable 9) Co-products that may present high value in other markets, including nutriceuticals and cosmetics Given microalgae's high lipid content and rapid growth rate, maximum oil yields of 20,000 -- 115,000 liters per hectare per year (L/ha/yr) (2,140 -- 13,360 gallons per acre per year) (Baldos, 2009; Wijffels, 2008) have been estimated, which is considerably higher than any other competing feedstock. Although algae species collectively present many strong advantages (although one specific species is unlikely to possess all of the advantages listed), a sustainable algal biofuel industry is at least one or two decades away from maturity, and no commercial scale operations currently exist. Several barriers must first be overcome before algal biofuels can compete with traditional petroleum-based fuels. Production chains with net energy output need to be identified, and continued R&D is needed to reduce the cost in all segments of the production spectrum (e.g., harvesting, dewatering, extracting of oil). Further research to identify strains with high production rates and/or oil yields may also improve competitiveness within the market. Initiatives to seamlessly integrate algal biofuels into the existing transportation infrastructure may increase their convenience level.

Sikes, K.; McGill, R. [Sentech, Inc. (United States); Van Walwijk, M. [Independent Consultant (France)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

336

Parking requirements as a barrier to housing development: regulation and reform in Los Angeles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a slightly higher cost, of $59 per square foot or $19, 470 per square foot. Construction costs in the downtown,

Manville, Michael; Shoup, Donald C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Property:PotentialOffshoreWindArea | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PotentialOffshoreWindArea PotentialOffshoreWindArea Jump to: navigation, search Property Name PotentialOffshoreWindArea Property Type Quantity Description The area of potential offshore wind in a place. Use this type to express a quantity of two-dimensional space. The default unit is the square meter (m²). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Area Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: Square Meters - 1 m²,m2,m^2,square meter,square meters,Square Meter,Square Meters,Sq. Meters,SQUARE METERS Square Kilometers - 0.000001 km²,km2,km^2,square kilometer,square kilometers,square km,square Kilometers,SQUARE KILOMETERS Square Miles - 0.000000386 mi²,mi2,mi^2,mile²,square mile,square miles,square mi,Square Miles,SQUARE MILES Square Feet - 10.7639 ft²,ft2,ft^2,square feet,square foot,FT²,FT2,FT^2,Square Feet, Square Foot

338

Property:PotentialCSPArea | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PotentialCSPArea PotentialCSPArea Jump to: navigation, search Property Name PotentialCSPArea Property Type Quantity Description An area of potential CSP generation. Use this type to express a quantity of two-dimensional space. The default unit is the square meter (m²). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Area Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: Square Meters - 1 m²,m2,m^2,square meter,square meters,Square Meter,Square Meters,Sq. Meters,SQUARE METERS Square Kilometers - 0.000001 km²,km2,km^2,square kilometer,square kilometers,square km,square Kilometers,SQUARE KILOMETERS Square Miles - 0.000000386 mi²,mi2,mi^2,mile²,square mile,square miles,square mi,Square Miles,SQUARE MILES Square Feet - 10.7639 ft²,ft2,ft^2,square feet,square foot,FT²,FT2,FT^2,Square Feet, Square Foot

339

Property:Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Area Area Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Area Property Type Quantity Description Any unit of area. For example, the estimated area of Geothermal Regions. Use this type to express a quantity of two-dimensional space. The default unit is the square meter (m²). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Area Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: Square Meters - 1 m²,m2,m^2,square meter,square meters,Square Meter,Square Meters,Sq. Meters,SQUARE METERS Square Kilometers - 0.000001 km²,km2,km^2,square kilometer,square kilometers,square km,square Kilometers,SQUARE KILOMETERS Square Miles - 0.000000386 mi²,mi2,mi^2,mile²,square mile,square miles,square mi,Square Miles,SQUARE MILES Square Feet - 10.7639 ft²,ft2,ft^2,square feet,square foot,FT²,FT2,FT^2,Square Feet, Square Foot

340

Property:PotentialOnshoreWindArea | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PotentialOnshoreWindArea PotentialOnshoreWindArea Jump to: navigation, search Property Name PotentialOnshoreWindArea Property Type Quantity Description The area of potential onshore wind in a place. Use this type to express a quantity of two-dimensional space. The default unit is the square meter (m²). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Area Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: Square Meters - 1 m²,m2,m^2,square meter,square meters,Square Meter,Square Meters,Sq. Meters,SQUARE METERS Square Kilometers - 0.000001 km²,km2,km^2,square kilometer,square kilometers,square km,square Kilometers,SQUARE KILOMETERS Square Miles - 0.000000386 mi²,mi2,mi^2,mile²,square mile,square miles,square mi,Square Miles,SQUARE MILES Square Feet - 10.7639 ft²,ft2,ft^2,square feet,square foot,FT²,FT2,FT^2,Square Feet, Square Foot

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

ES&H at Fermilab | Home  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Learned LoginCreate an ESH Account Long Term Parking Information SDS Search NTSORPS PDF Writable HA Form Preferred: HA Form & Database Project Contacts Quality Assurance...

342

J. Phys. III France 2 (1992) 1431-1438 AUGUST 1992, PAGE 1431 Classification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is the fragmentation of monosilane into SiHa and Ha followed by fast insertion and formation of disilane and trisilane

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

343

Genizah MS T-S AS 121.31  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Court record in the hand of ?alfon b. Manasseh, mentioning 20 dinars; the names Aaron ha-Zaqen, Shiloh ha-Zaqen are also mentioned...

Unknown

2011-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

344

III. Commercial viability of second generation biofuel technology27  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hectares (Mha) of land would be required to meet the EU target for biofuels (5.75 per cent of transport29 III. Commercial viability of second generation biofuel technology27 The previous chapters focused on first generation biofuels. In this chapter we focus on second generation biofuels, specifically

345

Biofuels Process Engineering School of Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Miscanthus are considered as viable biofuel sources. To meet the 2022 national biofuel target mandate and water; to date, the demand on these resources to meet the national biofuel target has rarely been the biofuel target, about 26.5 million hectares of land and over 90 km3 of water (of evapotranspiration

346

IOP PUBLISHING ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS Environ. Res. Lett. 8 (2013) 015020 (6pp) doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/015020  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Miscanthus are considered as viable biofuel sources. To meet the 2022 national biofuel target mandate and water; to date, the demand on these resources to meet the national biofuel target has rarely been the biofuel target, about 26.5 million hectares of land and over 90 km3 of water (of evapotranspiration

347

Remote sensing approaches for reconstructing fire perimeters and burn severity mosaics in desert spring ecosystems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remote sensing approaches for reconstructing fire perimeters and burn severity mosaics in desert. Remote sensing methods have been used in other environments to gain information about fires that have reported sizes of less than one hectare. Additional refinement of remote sensing methods is necessary

Weisberg, Peter J.

348

International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

deposition, ozone, pathogens, rarity, sulfur deposition. Acadia National Park (ANP) preserves 19,178 hectares of ANP for useful input and providing access to ANP's resources; Jill Weber for providing informa- tion on rare and invasive plants of ANP; Charlene Donohue of the Maine Forest Service for providing information

349

820 Gessner Rd. -Ste. 920 Houston, TX 77024 www.energytribune.com  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, so let us concen- trate on Indonesia and the oil palm. The oil palm (Elaeis) is the most productive oil crop in the world, with an average annual yield of 3 to 4 tons of crude palm oil per hectare production, moving into Brazilian sugarcane for ethanol and In- donesian palm oil for biodiesel. Woertz

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

350

Sustainability 2010, 2, 2734-2769; doi:10.3390/su2092734 OPEN ACCESS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tadeusz W. Patzek Department of Petroleum and Geosystems Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin hectares (the entire area of active U.S. cropland) were used as feedstock and energy source for ethanol the universal laws of mass and energy conservation to an annual cycle that uses switchgrass to produce ethanol

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

351

Biodiesel from microalgae beats Yusuf Chisti  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and bioethanol are unsustainable Carbon neutral renewable liquid fuels are needed to even- tually totally are photosynthetic microorganisms that convert sunlight, water and carbon dioxide to algal bio- mass. Many microalgae only $5950 liters of oil per hectare [1]. Biodiesel yield from a parent vegetable oil is $80

352

Shippers in Indonesia fight decree on illegal logging Shippers in Indonesia fight decree on illegal logging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shippers in Indonesia fight decree on illegal logging Shippers in Indonesia fight decree on illegal Organization (ITTO), shippers in Indonesia are threatening to stop transporting logs if the government insists harvesting affects 700,000-850,000 hectares of forest per year in Indonesia, but widespread illegal logging

353

APICULTURE AND SOCIAL INSECTS Field and Semifield Evaluation of Impacts of Transgenic Canola Pollen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APICULTURE AND SOCIAL INSECTS Field and Semifield Evaluation of Impacts of Transgenic Canola Pollen herbicide (glyphosate)-tolerant canola Brassica napus L. pollen on larval and adult honey bee, Apis canola Ã?elds (each at least 40 hectares) during bloom and then sampled for larval survival and adult

Huang, Zachary

354

RESEARCH ARTICLE Seed bank persistence of genetically modified canola  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESEARCH ARTICLE Seed bank persistence of genetically modified canola in California Douglas J-Verlag 2012 Abstract Introduction Canola, which is genetically modified (GM) for tolerance to glyphosate, has of glyphosate. Methods Volunteer from dormant canola seeds produced thousands of plants per hectare

California at Davis, University of

355

Biosecurity, biofuels, and biodiversity 291 Laura A Meyerson,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biosecurity, biofuels, and biodiversity 291 Laura A Meyerson, Natural Resources Science, University 12 million hectares) to active cultivation of corn for biofuel production threaten to destroy needs through biofuels by 2020, because of concerns that biofuels contribute to decreased global food

Meyerson, Laura A.

356

Research and Recovery of Snake River Sockeye Salmon, 1994 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

On November 20, 1991, the National Marine Fisheries Service listed Snake River sockeye salmon oncorhynchus nerka as endangered under the Endangered Species Act of 1973. In 1991, the Shoshone-Bannock Tribe and the Idaho Department of Fish and Game initiated the Snake River Sockeye Salmon Sawtooth Valley Project to conserve and rebuild populations in Idaho. In 1994, the authors estimated the total September Redfish Lake O. nerka population at 51,529 fish (95% CI, {+-} 33,179). The Alturas Lake O. nerka population was estimated at 5,785 fish ({+-} 6,919). The total density and biomass of Alturas Lake was estimated at 27 fish/hectare ({+-} 33) and 0.7 kg/hectare, respectively. The total O. nerka population estimate for Pettit Lake was 14,743 fish ({+-} 3,683). Stanley Lake O. nerka total population size, density, and biomass was estimated at 2,695 fish ({+-} 963), 37 fish/hectare ({+-} 13), and 0.5 kg/hectare, respectively. Estimated numbers of O. nerka outmigrant smolts passing Redfish Lake Creek and Salmon River trapping sites increased in 1994. The authors estimated 1,820 (90% CI 1,229--2,671) and 945 (90% CI 331--13,000) smolts left Redfish and Alturas lakes, respectively. The total PIT tag detection rate at mainstem dams for Redfish Lake outmigrants was 21% in 1994. No Alturas Lake outmigrants were detected at any of the downstream facilities with detection capabilities (zero of 50 fish).

Kline, Paul A.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

1.Enefit Overview 2.Enefit280 Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bn tonnes of oil shale mined to date · Reserves of more than 1 bn tons · Annual production ca. 15 in remediation 12 000 hectares restored Oil Shale Mining · 50 years of surface retort production, more than 200 M Production · Vertically integrated utility (oil shale mining, shale oil production, generation, distribution

Utah, University of

358

SOLERAS - Solar Controlled Environment Agriculture Project. Final report, Volume 3. Battelle Columbus Laboratories pilot plant preliminary design and Phase 2 definition study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A preliminary design for an engineering field test project of a solar controlled environment agriculture system with 0.37 hectare of growing area is presented. Specifications and requirements of system components are outlined as are the instrumentation and control systems. System support facilities are briefly discussed. The program management plan and an economic analysis are included. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Property:PotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVArea | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVArea PotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVArea Jump to: navigation, search Property Name PotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVArea Property Type Quantity Description The area of potential utility-scale PV in urban areas in a place. Use this type to express a quantity of two-dimensional space. The default unit is the square meter (m²). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Area Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: Square Meters - 1 m²,m2,m^2,square meter,square meters,Square Meter,Square Meters,Sq. Meters,SQUARE METERS Square Kilometers - 0.000001 km²,km2,km^2,square kilometer,square kilometers,square km,square Kilometers,SQUARE KILOMETERS Square Miles - 0.000000386 mi²,mi2,mi^2,mile²,square mile,square miles,square mi,Square Miles,SQUARE MILES Square Feet - 10.7639 ft²,ft2,ft^2,square feet,square

360

Property:PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVArea | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVArea PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVArea Jump to: navigation, search Property Name PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVArea Property Type Quantity Description The area of potential utility scale PV in rural areas in a place. Use this type to express a quantity of two-dimensional space. The default unit is the square meter (m²). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Area Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: Square Meters - 1 m²,m2,m^2,square meter,square meters,Square Meter,Square Meters,Sq. Meters,SQUARE METERS Square Kilometers - 0.000001 km²,km2,km^2,square kilometer,square kilometers,square km,square Kilometers,SQUARE KILOMETERS Square Miles - 0.000000386 mi²,mi2,mi^2,mile²,square mile,square miles,square mi,Square Miles,SQUARE MILES Square Feet - 10.7639 ft²,ft2,ft^2,square feet,square

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect

The following report contributes to our knowledge of how to economically produce wildlife-friendly grass mixtures for future fuel feedstocks in the northern plains. It investigates northern-adapted cultivars; management and harvest regimes that are good for yields, soils and wildlife; comparative analysis of monocultures and simple mixtures of native grasses; economic implications of growing grasses for fuel feedstocks in specific locations in the northern plains; and conversion options for turning the grasses into useful chemicals and fuels. The core results of this study suggest the following: ? Native grasses, even simple grass mixtures, can be produced profitably in the northern plains as far west as the 100th meridian with yields ranging from 2 to 6 tons per acre. ? Northern adapted cultivars may yield less in good years, but have much greater long-term sustainable yield potential than higher-yielding southern varieties. ? Grasses require very little inputs and stop economically responding to N applications above 56kg/hectare. ? Harvesting after a killing frost may reduce the yield available in that given year but will increase overall yields averaged throughout multiple years. ? Harvesting after a killing frost or even in early spring reduces the level of ash and undesirable molecules like K which cause adverse reactions in pyrolysis processing. Grasses can be managed for biomass harvest and maintain or improve overall soil-health and carbon sequestration benefits of idled grassland ? The carbon sequestration activity of the grasses seems to follow the above ground health of the biomass. In other words plots where the above ground biomass is regularly removed can continue to sequester carbon at the rate of 2 tons/acre/year if the stand health is strong and yielding significant amounts of biomass. ? Managing grasses for feedstock quality in a biomass system requires some of the same management strategies as managing for wildlife benefit. We believe that biomass development can be done in such a way that also maximizes or improves upon conservation and other environmental goals (in some cases even when compared to idled land). ? Switchgrass and big bluestem work well together in simple mixture plots where big bluestem fills in around the switchgrass which alone grows in bunches and leaves patches of bare soil open and susceptible to erosion. ? Longer-term studies in the northern plains may also find that every other year harvest schemes produce as much biomass averaged over the years as annual harvests ? Grasses can be grown for between $23 and $54/ton in the northern plains at production rates between 3 and 5 tons/acre. ? Land costs, yields, and harvest frequency are the largest determining factors in the farm scale economics. Without any land rent offset or incentive for production, and with annual harvesting, grass production is likely to be around $35/ton in the northern plains (farm gate). ? Average transportation costs range from $3 to $10/ton delivered to the plant gate. Average distance from the plant is the biggest factor - $3/ton at 10 miles, $10/ton at 50 miles. ? There is a substantial penalty paid on a per unit of energy produced basis when one converts grasses to bio-oil, but the bio-oil can then compete in higher priced fuel markets whereas grasses alone compete directly with relatively cheap coal. ? Bio oil or modified bio-oil (without the HA or other chemical fraction) is a suitable fuel for boiler and combustion turbines that would otherwise use residual fuel oil or number 2 diesel. ? Ensyn has already commercialized the use of HA in smokey flavorants for the food industry but that market is rather small. HA, however, is also found to be a suitable replacement for the much larger US market for ethanolamines and ethalyne oxides that are used as dispersants. ? Unless crude oil prices rise, the highest and best use of grass based bio-oil is primarily as a direct fuel. As prices rise, HA, phenol and other chemical fractions may become more attractive ? Although we were

Sara Bergan, Executive Director; Brendan Jordan, Program Manager; Subcontractors as listed on the report.

2007-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

362

Final Technical Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The following report contributes to our knowledge of how to economically produce wildlife-friendly grass mixtures for future fuel feedstocks in the northern plains. It investigates northern-adapted cultivars; management and harvest regimes that are good for yields, soils and wildlife; comparative analysis of monocultures and simple mixtures of native grasses; economic implications of growing grasses for fuel feedstocks in specific locations in the northern plains; and conversion options for turning the grasses into useful chemicals and fuels. The core results of this study suggest the following: ? Native grasses, even simple grass mixtures, can be produced profitably in the northern plains as far west as the 100th meridian with yields ranging from 2 to 6 tons per acre. ? Northern adapted cultivars may yield less in good years, but have much greater long-term sustainable yield potential than higher-yielding southern varieties. ? Grasses require very little inputs and stop economically responding to N applications above 56kg/hectare. ? Harvesting after a killing frost may reduce the yield available in that given year but will increase overall yields averaged throughout multiple years. ? Harvesting after a killing frost or even in early spring reduces the level of ash and undesirable molecules like K which cause adverse reactions in pyrolysis processing. Grasses can be managed for biomass harvest and maintain or improve overall soil-health and carbon sequestration benefits of idled grassland ? The carbon sequestration activity of the grasses seems to follow the above ground health of the biomass. In other words plots where the above ground biomass is regularly removed can continue to sequester carbon at the rate of 2 tons/acre/year if the stand health is strong and yielding significant amounts of biomass. ? Managing grasses for feedstock quality in a biomass system requires some of the same management strategies as managing for wildlife benefit. We believe that biomass development can be done in such a way that also maximizes or improves upon conservation and other environmental goals (in some cases even when compared to idled land). ? Switchgrass and big bluestem work well together in simple mixture plots where big bluestem fills in around the switchgrass which alone grows in bunches and leaves patches of bare soil open and susceptible to erosion. ? Longer-term studies in the northern plains may also find that every other year harvest schemes produce as much biomass averaged over the years as annual harvests ? Grasses can be grown for between $23 and $54/ton in the northern plains at production rates between 3 and 5 tons/acre. ? Land costs, yields, and harvest frequency are the largest determining factors in the farm scale economics. Without any land rent offset or incentive for production, and with annual harvesting, grass production is likely to be around $35/ton in the northern plains (farm gate). ? Average transportation costs range from $3 to $10/ton delivered to the plant gate. Average distance from the plant is the biggest factor - $3/ton at 10 miles, $10/ton at 50 miles. ? There is a substantial penalty paid on a per unit of energy produced basis when one converts grasses to bio-oil, but the bio-oil can then compete in higher priced fuel markets whereas grasses alone compete directly with relatively cheap coal. ? Bio oil or modified bio-oil (without the HA or other chemical fraction) is a suitable fuel for boiler and combustion turbines that would otherwise use residual fuel oil or number 2 diesel. ? Ensyn has already commercialized the use of HA in smokey flavorants for the food industry but that market is rather small. HA, however, is also found to be a suitable replacement for the much larger US market for ethanolamines and ethalyne oxides that are used as dispersants. ? Unless crude oil prices rise, the highest and best use of grass based bio-oil is primarily as a direct fuel. As prices rise, HA, phenol and other chemical fractions may become more attractive ? Although we were

Sara Bergan, Executive Director; Brendan Jordan, Program Manager; Subcontractors as listed on the report.

2007-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

363

Activity Worksheet 7 1 Exercise 1 (Connect 3.5 Parts 2 due Tuesday Week 10)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the box is twice its length. The materials for the decorative sides of the box cost $32 per square foot(x,h) = (________________)! _______ + _______! _______ + _______! _______ Area of the sides (in square feet) Cost of the sides (per square foot) Area of the base (in square feet) Cost of the base (per square foot) Area of the top (in square feet) Cost of the top (per square foot

Newberger, Florence

364

Molecular Biology of the Cell Vol. 9, 24772490, September 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, adenovirus; Baf A1, bafilomycin A1; CMV, cytomeg- alovirus; DOX, doxycycline; HA, hemagglutinin; Ig

Apodaca, Gerard

365

You are now leaving Energy.gov | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

www.google.comchromeeula.html?hlen&brandCHMA&utmcampaignen&utmsourceen-ha-na-us-bk&utmmediumha&installdataindexhomepagepromo...

366

Season Extension and Crop Area Multiplication with a Moveable Hoophouse in an Organic System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

feet (768 square feet x five moves) · Cost per square foot: $1.25 Permanent Hoophouse · Total cost of materials: $3,270 · Space covered: 768 square feet · Cost per square foot: $4.26 · The extra cost permanent hoophouse: Moveable Hoophouse · Total cost of materials: $4,789.88 · Space covered: 3,840 square

Goodman, Robert M.

367

Western Colorado, like much of the Intermountain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

per square foot: $1.25 Permanent Hoophouse · Total cost of materials: $3,270 · Space covered: 768 square feet · Cost per square foot: $4.26 * The extra cost is for the rail system and added materials cost of materials: $4,789.88 · Space covered: 3,840 square feet (768 square feet x five moves) · Cost

Goodman, Robert M.

368

Table C21A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1,001 to 10,000 Square Feet 10,001 to 100,000 Square Feet Over 100,000 Square Feet 1,001 to 10,000 Square Feet 10,001 to 100,000 Square Feet Over 100,000

369

RESULTS FROM RECENT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INVESTIGATIONS TARGETING CHROMIUM IN THE 100D AREA HANFORD SITE WASHINGTON USA  

SciTech Connect

Sodium dichromate was used in Hanford's 100D Area during the reactor operations period of 1950 to 1964 to retard corrosion in the reactor cooling systems. Some of the sodium dichromate was released to the environment by spills and/or leaks from pipelines used to deliver the chemical to water treatment plants in the area. As a result, hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] has migrated through the vadose zone to the groundwater and contaminated nearly 1 km{sup 2} of groundwater to above the drinking water standard of 48 {micro}g/L. Three technology tests have recently been completed in this area to characterize the source area of the plumes and evaluate alternative methods to remove Cr(VI) from groundwater. These are (1) refine the source area of the southern plume; (2) test electrocoagulation as an alternative groundwater treatment technology; and (3) test the ability to repair a permeable reactive barrier by injecting micron or nanometer-size zero-valent iron (ZVI). The projects were funded by the US Department of Energy as part of a program to interject new technologies and accelerate active cleanup. Groundwater monitoring over the past 10 years has shown that Cr(VI) concentrations in the southern plume have not significantly diminished, strongly indicating a continuing source. Eleven groundwater wells were installed in 2007 and 2008 near a suspected source area and monitored for Cr(VI) and groundwater levels. Interpretation of these data has led to refinement of the source area location to an area of less than 1 hectare (ha, 2.5 acres). Vadose zone soil samples collected during drilling did not discover significant concentrations of Cr(VI), indicating the source is localized, with a narrow wetted path from the surface to the water table. Electrocoagulation was evaluated through a pilot-scale treatability test. Over 8 million liters of groundwater were treated to Cr(VI) concentrations of {le}20 {micro}g/L. The test determined that this technology has the potential to treat Cr(VI) to these low levels, but system reliability and operational complexity rendered electrocoagulation less cost effective than the baseline technology of ion exchange. Laboratory and field tests were conducted to evaluate the practicality of injecting ZVI into the aquifer to increase the lifespan and effectiveness of an existing permeable reactive barrier. From a database of 30 ZVI materials, 6 were chosen and tested in the laboratory to determine their geochemical and physical performance under simulated 100D aquifer conditions. The best-performing ZVI was injected into the aquifer and met the primary goals of communicating the iron at least 7 meters from the injection point and reducing the aquifer to transform mobile Cr(VI) to trivalent chromium Cr(III), which is effectively immobile in the aquifer.

PETERSEN SW; THOMPSON KM; TONKIN MJ

2009-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

370

Energy Efficiency and Commercial-Mortgage Valuation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

costs on building transactions prices per square foot. Ascosts of both natural gas and electricity consumption per square footcost at origination and other non-energy expenses per square foot

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Process-Based Cost Modeling to Support Target Value Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

elemental analysis (cost-per-square-foot) are referred to asTraditional’ models (cost per square foot, elementalunit costs per an area unit (i.e. , $/Square Foot) or per a

Nguyen, Hung Viet

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

AN ENERGY EFFICIENT WINDOW SYSTEM FINAL REPORT.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in qucmtitv for a cost of $0.50 per square foot. Heat MirrorTotal Cost plus profit This price of 50¢ per square foot isfoot cost for Superpane, a saving of 12¢ per square foot per

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

California’s K-12 Educational Infrastructure Investments: Leveraging the State’s Role for Quality School Facilities in Sustainable Communities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

375  per  square   foot  for  new  construction  cost  for  cost  about  $11.6  billion  at  $375  per  gross  square  foot  per  gross  square  foot  for  all   hard  and  soft  costs,  

Vincent, Jeffrey M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

San Francisco's Public School Facilities as Public Assets: A Shared Understanding and Policy Recommendations for the Community Use of Schools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

per year and the cost per square foot per hour using actualJoint Use Cost = (Cost per square foot per hour) X (Totalhours) to determine cost per square foot per hour. Actual

Vincent, Jeffrey M; Filardo, Mary; Klein, Jordan; McKoy, Deborah L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Landholders, Residential Land Conversion, and Market Signals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resale prices, the cost per square foot, the rates of changeTotal Total Total Total Cost per square foot Rate populationTotal Total Total Cost per square foot Total Rate population

Margulis, Harry L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Public and Institutional Markets for ESCO Services: Comparing Programs, Practices and Prformance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lighting-only projects. cost per square foot cutoff for eachscale, their costs are higher on a per-square-foot basis ($project costs, we report energy savings per square foot of

Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; McWilliams, Jennifer; Birr, Dave; Stoughton McMordie, Kate

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

The Practice of Parking Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the cost of the required parking is thus $20 per square foot$40 per square foot of floor area, or twice the cost in aper 1,000 square feet in a TOD, and the developer's cost of

Shoup, Donald C.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR ABANDONED IN-SITU OIL SHALE RETORTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

curtain and that the cost per square foot of curtain is notcurtains may cost between $6.30 and $13.50 per square foot.The costs calculated in Table 28, $8 per square foot, are

Persoff, P.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

The Public Financing of Affordable Housing in the 21st Century: A Case Study of California’s Tax-exempt Bond Program and How It Serves California’s Most Populous County  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TCAC Dataset on Housing Costs Per Square Foot C. Appendix 3:s Source: TCAC, Cost Per Square Foot data set ibid programTarget Target Costs Per Square Foot Households Households

Molly Rysman

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

An empirical study of environmental policy and technology adoption : phasing out toxic antifouling paints on recreational boats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

every 7.5 years and costs $40 per square foot to apply.Hull cleaning costs $1 per square foot and must occur 142.5 years at a cost of $30 per square foot for a standard

Damon, Maria

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Housing the City - An Analysis of Barriers and Strategies to Increase Housing Density in Los Angeles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Average Construction Cost Per Square Foot [C] ConstructionFeet) [E] Land Cost Per Square Foot [F] Land Cost Subtotal [and that construction costs per square foot do not change

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

New Or Rehab: Striking A New Balance Under California's Affordable Housing Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of New Construction COST PER SQUARE FOOT Range Avergae Rangecost about half (per unit), 60 percent (per square foot or cost per residential unit of $108,404 and about $130 per square foot.   

Rosenthal, Larry A.; Listokin, David

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Market Mechanisms for Financing Green Real Estate Investments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the average cost per square foot of electricity use ($and the average cost per square foot of natural gas use ($.that the realized cost is $1.62 per square foot per year for

Jaffee, Dwight M.; Wallace, Nancy E.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Flathead Electric Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clothes Washer (Gas Water Heater): 20 Attic Insulation: 0.08 - 1.32 per square foot Wall Insulation: 0.95 per square foot Under Floor Insulation: 1.02 per square foot...

385

Application of Spatial Data Modeling and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for Identification of Potential Siting Options for Various Electrical Generation Sources  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) initiated an internal National Electric Generation Siting Study, which is an ongoing multiphase study addressing several key questions related to our national electrical energy supply. This effort has led to the development of a tool, OR-SAGE (Oak Ridge Siting Analysis for power Generation Expansion), to support siting evaluations. The objective in developing OR-SAGE was to use industry-accepted approaches and/or develop appropriate criteria for screening sites and employ an array of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data sources at ORNL to identify candidate areas for a power generation technology application. The initial phase of the study examined nuclear power generation. These early nuclear phase results were shared with staff from the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), which formed the genesis and support for an expansion of the work to several other power generation forms, including advanced coal with carbon capture and storage (CCS), solar, and compressed air energy storage (CAES). Wind generation was not included in this scope of work for EPRI. The OR-SAGE tool is essentially a dynamic visualization database. The results shown in this report represent a single static set of results using a specific set of input parameters. In this case, the GIS input parameters were optimized to support an economic study conducted by EPRI. A single set of individual results should not be construed as an ultimate energy solution, since US energy policy is very complex. However, the strength of the OR-SAGE tool is that numerous alternative scenarios can be quickly generated to provide additional insight into electrical generation or other GIS-based applications. The screening process divides the contiguous United States into 100 x 100 m (1-hectare) squares (cells), applying successive power generation-appropriate site selection and evaluation criteria (SSEC) to each cell. There are just under 700 million cells representing the contiguous United States. If a cell meets the requirements of each criterion, the cell is deemed a candidate area for siting a specific power generation form relative to a reference plant for that power type. Some SSEC parameters preclude siting a power plant because of an environmental, regulatory, or land-use constraint. Other SSEC assist in identifying less favorable areas, such as proximity to hazardous operations. All of the selected SSEC tend to recommend against sites. The focus of the ORNL electrical generation source siting study is on identifying candidate areas from which potential sites might be selected, stopping short of performing any detailed site evaluations or comparisons. This approach is designed to quickly screen for and characterize candidate areas. Critical assumptions supporting this work include the supply of cooling water to thermoelectric power generation; a methodology to provide an adequate siting footprint for typical power plant applications; a methodology to estimate thermoelectric plant capacity while accounting for available cooling water; and a methodology to account for future ({approx}2035) siting limitations as population increases and demands on freshwater sources change. OR-SAGE algorithms were built to account for these critical assumptions. Stream flow is the primary thermoelectric plant cooling source evaluated in this study. All cooling was assumed to be provided by a closed-cycle cooling (CCC) system requiring makeup water to account for evaporation and blowdown. Limited evaluations of shoreline cooling and the use of municipal processed water (gray) cooling were performed. Using a representative set of SSEC as input to the OR-SAGE tool and employing the accompanying critical assumptions, independent results for the various power generation sources studied were calculated.

Mays, Gary T [ORNL; Belles, Randy [ORNL; Blevins, Brandon R [ORNL; Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL; Harrison, Thomas J [ORNL; Jochem, Warren C [ORNL; Neish, Bradley S [ORNL; Omitaomu, Olufemi A [ORNL; Rose, Amy N [ORNL

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Elastic, piezoelectric, and dielectric properties of 0.58Pb,,Mg13Nb23...O3-0.42PbTiO3 single crystal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), depol(N,,µ0z). The least-squares fit is obtained by minimizing the Root Mean Square (RMS) error, defined

387

"PART 1: ENERGY/WATER CONSUMPTION AND COST DATA"  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cost (Thou. )","Facility Gross Square Feet (Thou.)","Gallons per Gross Square Foot" "Buildings & Facilities Subject to Water Goal",,0,0,0,"ERROR" ,,,,,"Percent"...

388

Taking LID to the Streets: A Case Study of Stormwater Management on Leland Avenue in San Francisco, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cost of the permeable pavement, including the base, was $35 per square footper square foot for the sidewalk installation. The total cost

Thong, Michelle

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Seismic Performance Assessment and Probabilistic Repair Cost Analysis of Precast Concrete Cladding Systems for Multistory Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Costs (2009). The cost per square foot was determined fromcost for basement levels is given at $36.40 per square foot

Hunt, Jeffrey Patrick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Lighting Control System - Phase Cut Carrier  

Berkeley Lab researchers estimate that the system would cost about a dollar per square foot to install in existing ... of 20 cents per square foot per ...

391

AN ANALYSIS OF ENERGY USE ON COMMUNITY COLLEGE CAMPUSES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

decreases, the costs, both per square foot and per FTE, haveis the cost of energy per square foot per year. Again the

York, C.M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Achieving Energy Savings with Highly-Controlled Lighting in an Open-Plan Office  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

feet, bringing the cost to $4.72 per square foot. Highly-estimated to cost approximately $2 per square foot. Energy

Rubinstein, Francis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Laminating.xlsx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- - - - - 3.5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 12" Gator Board Mounting Cost Run Rate (square foot) Laminating Cost Run Rate (square foot) Foamboard Mounting Cost Run Rate (...

394

ANALYSIS OF THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY INDUSTRY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cost of $3391; the cost per square foot ranged from $0.91 to$0.22 per square foot. This gives a direct materials cost of

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Residential Buildings Historical Publications reports, data and...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

square footage tends to be larger than the 1993 measured square footage. (2) Based on the household respondent's description rather than the Federal Government definition. (3) One...

396

FRPC User Guidance -for FY2006  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

landing pads, taxiways, and aprons. Square Yards 13 Harbors and Ports: Docks, piers, wharves, jetties and breakwaters, and other harbor, port, or coastal facilities. Square...

397

The role of vinculin in cardiac mechanotransduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

green square on the image interface, is on, the open S buttongreen square on the image interface, is on, the open S button

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Residential Buildings Historical Publications reports, data and...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 Average LPG Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per Household Households...

399

Residential Buildings Historical Publications reports, data and...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 Average Electricity Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per Household...

400

Residential Buildings Historical Publications reports, data and...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 Average Fuel OilKerosene Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Residential Buildings Historical Publications reports, data and...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

3 Average Fuel OilKerosene Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per...

402

Residential Buildings Historical Publications reports, data and...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

90 Average Fuel OilKerosene Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per...

403

Residential Buildings Historical Publications reports, data and...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 Average Natural Gas Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per Household...

404

Residential Buildings Historical Publications reports, data and...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 Average Electricity Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per Household...

405

Residential Buildings Historical Publications reports, data and...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

7 Average LPG Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per Household Households...

406

Residential Buildings Historical Publications reports, data and...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 Average Electricity Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per Household...

407

Residential Buildings Historical Publications reports, data and...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1 Average Electricity Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per Household...

408

Residential Buildings Historical Publications reports, data and...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

0 Average LPG Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per Household Households...

409

Residential Buildings Historical Publications reports, data and...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

3 Average Electricity Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per Household...

410

Residential Buildings Historical Publications reports, data and...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

7 Average Fuel OilKerosene Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per...

411

Residential Buildings Historical Publications reports, data and...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 Average Fuel OilKerosene Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per...

412

Residential Buildings Historical Publications reports, data and...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 Average Electricity Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per Household...

413

Residential Buildings Historical Publications reports, data and...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 Average LPG Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per Household Households...

414

Residential Buildings Historical Publications reports, data and...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

0 Average Fuel OilKerosene Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per...

415

Residential Buildings Historical Publications reports, data and...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2 Average Fuel OilKerosene Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per...

416

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.2 Residential Sector Characteristics  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

Square footage includes attic, garage, and basement square footage. EIA, 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Oct. 2008. Share of Average Home Size (1) Average Home Size...

417

c33.xls  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Fuel Oil Expenditures Number of Buildings (thousand) Floorspace (million square feet) Floorspace per Building (thousand square feet) Total (trillion Btu) Total (million gallons)...

418

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WIPP occupies approximately 28 square kilometers (16 square miles). The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant's history is relatively short, as it became operational in 1999. The facility...

419

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

(million square feet) Energy Intensity for Sum of Major Fuels (thousand Btu/ square foot) ... and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.

420

Microsoft Word - 12184b  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

* Stakeholder interaction must be open and transparent, and DOE must respond promptly to * Stakeholder interaction must be open and transparent, and DOE must respond promptly to stakeholder concerns. * DOE, as the long-term custodian, must collect and preserve site records in order to demonstrate that remediated sites pose no unacceptable risk. * DOE must continue to maintain constructive relationships with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and state and federal regulators. INTRODUCTION The Niagara Falls Storage Site (NFSS) and associated vicinity properties (VPs)occupy approximately 607 hectares (1,500 acres) of the original 3036-hectare (7,500-acre) Lake Ontario Ordnance Works (LOOW), a former trinitrotoluene manufacturing facility built during the 1940s. In 1944, the LOOW was reassigned to the Manhattan Engineer District (MED) for use as

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Why Sequence the Eukalyptus Tree  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Eucalyptus Tree? the Eucalyptus Tree? The fast-growing, 13-year-old Eucalyptus grandis tree to be sequenced, BRASUZ1. Photo courtesy Dario Grattapaglia, Embrapa. A major challenge for the achievement of a sustainable energy future is our understanding of the molecular basis of superior growth and adaptation in woody plants suitable for biomass production. Eucalyptus species are among the fastest growing woody plants in the world, with mean annual increments up to 100 cubic meter per hectare. Eucalyptus is the most valuable and most widely planted genus of plantation forest trees in the world (ca. 18 million hectares) due to its wide adaptability, extremely fast growth rate, good form, and excellent wood and fiber properties. Eucalyptus is also listed as one of the U.S. Department of Energy's candidate biomass energy

422

Microsoft Word - 12184b.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ï‚· Stakeholder interaction must be open and transparent, and DOE must respond promptly to ï‚· Stakeholder interaction must be open and transparent, and DOE must respond promptly to stakeholder concerns. ï‚· DOE, as the long-term custodian, must collect and preserve site records in order to demonstrate that remediated sites pose no unacceptable risk. ï‚· DOE must continue to maintain constructive relationships with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and state and federal regulators. INTRODUCTION The Niagara Falls Storage Site (NFSS) and associated vicinity properties (VPs)occupy approximately 607 hectares (1,500 acres) of the original 3036-hectare (7,500-acre) Lake Ontario Ordnance Works (LOOW), a former trinitrotoluene manufacturing facility built during the 1940s. In 1944, the LOOW was reassigned to the Manhattan Engineer District (MED) for use as

423

Scientist Emeritus Program Review Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, they precipitate minerals such as halite (NaCl), trona (NaH[CO3]·Na2[CO3]·2H2O), thenardite (Na2SO4) and burkeite table are sometimes fluffy and contain abundant efflorescent salt minerals (halite, thenardite, trona and trona) commonly occur in a limited area (about 50 hectares) in the east-central part of Franklin Lake

424

Wyoming Field GuideWyoming Field Guide DEES Graduate Student Field Trip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, they precipitate minerals such as halite (NaCl), trona (NaH[CO3]·Na2[CO3]·2H2O), thenardite (Na2SO4) and burkeite table are sometimes fluffy and contain abundant efflorescent salt minerals (halite, thenardite, trona and trona) commonly occur in a limited area (about 50 hectares) in the east-central part of Franklin Lake

Anchukaitis, Kevin

425

Dust Emission from Wet and Dry Playas in the Mojave Desert, USA 1811 Published in 2007 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Earth Surf. Process. Landforms 32, 18111827 (2007)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, they precipitate minerals such as halite (NaCl), trona (NaH[CO3]·Na2[CO3]·2H2O), thenardite (Na2SO4) and burkeite table are sometimes fluffy and contain abundant efflorescent salt minerals (halite, thenardite, trona and trona) commonly occur in a limited area (about 50 hectares) in the east-central part of Franklin Lake

426

Energy plantations in the Republic of the Philippines. Forest Service research paper  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Development and management of plantations to support wood-energy programs have been aggressively promoted in the Philippines since 1979. Over 60,000 hectares of energy plantations have been planted under government-supported programs. The paper documents the problems and accomplishments of these programs and describes plantation establishment, maintenance, protection, growth and yield, harvesting, and wood transport. Research priorities for improving energy-farm operations are also suggested.

Durst, P.B.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Time and Identity: Socializing Schedules and the Implications for Community  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7 (Jon, 3;11; Ron, father; Noah, mother) 01 Ron ma ha ! a’aWhat time is it, mom? ’ 02 Noah ((looks at clock on wall)) !what ‘What? What? What? ’ 07 Noah ! e hegia ha zman lalexet

Kattan, Shlomy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

A Direct Link between Feature Tracking and Height Assignment of Operational EUMETSAT Atmospheric Motion Vectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Height Assignment (HA) is currently the most challenging task in the operational Atmospheric Motion Vectors (AMVs) extraction scheme. Several sources of error are associated with the height assignment step, including the sensitivity of the HA ...

Régis Borde; Marie Doutriaux-Boucher; Greg Dew; Manuel Carranza

429

FOS 4.3.6 Desktop FIPS Level 2 Security Policy.book  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. HA STATUS POWER ALARM 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 WAN1 WAN2 USB CONSOLE FortiGate 60C PWR STATUS HA SPEED ...

2013-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

430

| OR. I-12- DOE/OR/20722-29 UC-70A Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

of buildings in the northernmost 11.7 ha (29 acres) of the site; a 0.8-na (2-acre) Biomass Research Facility (inactive), which occupies the center of the site; and a 5.7 ha (14...

431

TITLE  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

in the northern and central sections of the site; an inactive 0.8-ha (2-acre) biomass research facility located at the site's approximate center; and a 5.7-ha (14-acre)...

432

TITLE  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

of buildings in the northernmost 12 ha (29 acres) of the site: the .8-ha (2-acre) Biomass Research Facility FIGURE 1-1 PLAN VIEW OF THE ALBANY RESEARCH CENTER FUSRAP 14501...

433

www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/333/6046/1093-c/DC1 Supporting Online Material for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(1,136 ha) covered with tropical moist forest belonging to Aracruz Celulose SA, near Teixeira de) is a permanent preservation area (1,136 ha) belonging to Aracruz Celulose SA, near Teixeira de Freitas, southern

Myneni, Ranga B.

434

smithetal97.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Location Croprotation No. years Treatment Rate per y (t ha -1 y -1 ) SOC to 30 cm (t ha -1 ) 1 Difference (%) from inorganic only Krschens & Mller (1996); Smith &...

435

Impact of nitrogen fertilization and the soil type on the quality and yield of sweet sorghum juice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the lowest value was obtained in the sandy soil. The freshbiomass yield recorded in the sandy soil was 39 Mg/ha andlowest value was obtained in the sandy soil (25.2 Mg/ha). In

Holou, Roland A; Stevens, Gene

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

MATH 2433 EXAM II REVIEW QUESTIONS 1. Find the domain and range of each of the following functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the sides is $3 per square foot and the cost for the base is $5 per square foot. Express the total cost C of 12 cubic feet. The materials used to construct the box cost $3 per square foot for the sides and $4 per square foot for the bottom. What dimensions will yield the minimum cost? 2 #12;

Glowinski, Roland

437

Math 103L: Matrix Operations (Section 4.4) These problems are a sample of the kinds of problems that may appear on the final  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

building and lot are larger than the Economy Model. Square footage and costs per square foot are given in square feet. Building cost Lot cost $300 $100 Costs are given in dollars per square foot. The size work College Algebra Exam 7.0 hrs work 1.0 hrs work 2.0 hrs work CSUN CSU, Fullerton Faculty $40 per

Shapiro, Bruce E.

438

University of Maryland Baltimore Facilities Performance Indicators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UMB's administration costs per square foot decreased by $0.08/square foot , or 22%, in 2010. This was mostly the result of the vacant positions in administration during the period. The cost per square foot regional and the Special Medical Carnegie Classification average cost per square foot. #12;Are operating

Weber, David J.

439

Green Roof Media Selection forGreen Roof Media Selection for the Minimization of Pollutantthe Minimization of Pollutant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-- $10$10--$30 per square foot$30 per square foot ­­ Traditional roofTraditional roof -- $5$5--$15 per square foot$15 per square foot Roof load evaluation required for retrofitsRoof load evaluation requiredPersonalize property Increased valueIncreased value Increased roof lifeIncreased roof life Decreased roofing costs

Clark, Shirley E.

440

Using Green Roofs to Minimize Roof Runoff Pollution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

comparison for new construction: ­­ Green roofGreen roof -- $10$10--$30 per square foot$30 per square foot ­­ Traditional roofTraditional roof -- $5$5--$15 per square foot$15 per square foot Roof load evaluation required Roof Design ConsiderationsGreen Roof Design Considerations Cost comparison for new construction:Cost

Clark, Shirley E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Semi-supervised Machine Learning Algorithm in Near Infrared Spectral Calibration: A Case Study to Determine Cetane Number and Total Aromatics of Diesel Fuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new spectral calibration algorithm, Laplacian regularized least squares (LapRLS), was proposed. Commonly least squares support vector machine (LS-SVM) and partial least squares (PLS) are used for the spectral quantitative model establishment. However, ... Keywords: semi-supervised learning, supervised learning, laplacian regularized least squares, near infrared spectroscopy

Songjing Wang; Di Wu; Kangsheng Liu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - Data - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration ... fuel switching capabilities, general energy-saving technologies, energy management activities, square footage, ...

443

Area Hydrologic Units Calwater Subbasins ---(Planning Watersheds) 425,411 Acres 18050004 2204200400 Oakland (20805 Acres)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Acres) 665 Square Miles 2204300102 Lost Canyon (3325 Acres) 2204 2204300103 Beauregard Creek (5018 Acres

444

TMS The Mirerals, Meta|s&Mate?a|s Society  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

of Engineers and Industry. ( EMCI ) ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT CERTIFICATION iNTEIINATIGNAL .... HaIIiburton Energy Seryice. Hughes Christensen.

445

Construction Contact Phone: 419-372-8410  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

prints eBlueprint 888.443.2583 Firelands Foundation Ha Purchasing South Shore Electrc Enabling Projects

Moore, Paul A.

446

Numerical Differentiation and Integration - CECM - Simon Fraser ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

... ' &. $. %. Numerical Differentiation and Integration. Simon Fraser University ? Surrey Campus. MACM 316 ? Spring 2005. Instructor: Ha Le. 1 ...

447

A Contribution to the Linear Programming Approach to Joint Cost allocation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydrodesulfurization units (HD, HX and HA). On the other side, a catalytic reforming unit (RF) converts low

Chazal, Frédéric

448

Genizah MS T-S AS 154.467  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Responsa; the title broken out in the middle most likely reads ????? ????? ?? ??? ('sayings of El?anan b. ha-Rav')....

Unknown

2011-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

449

Microsoft Word - Summary_FEIS_Final for GPO.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Summary Summary Cover photos courtesy of (left to right): Southeast Renewable Fuels, LLC DOE National Renewable Energy Laboratory Public domain CONVERSION FACTORS Metric to English English to Metric Multiply by To get Multiply by To get Area Square kilometers 247.1 Acres Acres 0.0040469 Square kilometers Square kilometers 0.3861 Square miles Square miles 2.59 Square kilometers Square meters 10.764 Square feet Square feet 0.092903 Square meters Concentration Kilograms/sq. meter 0.16667 Tons/acre Tons/acre 0.5999 Kilograms/sq. meter Milligrams/liter 1 a Parts/million Parts/million 1 a Milligrams/liter Micrograms/liter 1 a Parts/billion Parts/billion 1 a Micrograms/liter Micrograms/cu. meter 1 a Parts/trillion Parts/trillion 1 a Micrograms/cu. meter

450

Spectral imaging of proton aurora and twilight at Troms, Norway  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

geocentric zero velocity of Ã?25 km sÃ?1 (after the Wisconsin Ha Mapper (WHAM) northern sky survey [Haffner et is corroborated by the WHAM northern sky survey providing the galactic Ha emission brightness [Reynolds, 1997, values which are consistent with our observations. The WHAM survey provides a galactic background in Ha

Lummerzheim, Dirk

451

Abstracts EuroDendro 2004 [P] Poster [L] Lecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

%. The greatest effect of fertilization by double phosphogypsum dose (10 t/ha) ­ increment rise by 39-47%, compared to the control. Having fertilized with 5 t/ha of phosphogypsum, pine annual radial increment has grown by 11-30%, while with a mixture of phosphogypsum (5 t/ha) and superphosphate (100 kg

452

Effects of overstory composition and prescribed fire on fuel loading across a heterogeneous managed landscape in the southeastern USA.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the southeastern USA, land use history, forest management and natural geomorphic features have created heterogeneous fuel loads. This apparent temporal and spatial variation in fuel loads make it difficult to reliably assess potential fire behavior from remotely sensed canopy variables to determine risk and to prescribe treatments. We examined this variation by exploring the relationships between overstory forest vegetation attributes, recent fire history, and selected surface fuel components across an 80,000 ha contiguous landscape. Measurements of dead and live vegetation components of surface fuels were obtained from 624 permanent plots, or about 1 plot per 100 ha of forest cover. Within forest vegetation groups, we modeled the relationship between individual surface fuel components and overstory stand age, basal area, site quality and recent fire history, then stochastically predicted fuel loads across the landscape using the same linkage variables. The fraction of the plot variation, i.e., R2, explained by predictive models for individual fuel components ranged from 0.05 to 0.66 for dead fuels and 0.03 to 0.97 for live fuels in pine dominated vegetation groups. Stand age and basal area were generally more important than recent fire history for predicting fuel loads. Mapped fuel loads using these regressor variables showed a very heterogeneous landscape even at the scale of a few square kilometers. The mapped patterns corresponded to stand based forest management disturbances that are reflected in age, basal area, and fire history. Recent fire history was significant in explaining variation in litter and duff biomass. Stand basal area was positively and consistently related to dead fuel biomass in most groups and was present in many predictive equations. Patterns in live fuel biomass were related to recent fire history, but the patterns were not consistent among forest vegetation groups. Age and basal area were related to live fuels in a complex manner that is likely confounded with periodic disturbances that disrupt stand dynamics. This study complements earlier hazardous fuels research in the southeastern USA, and indicates that succession, disturbance, site quality and decomposition interact with forest management practices to create variable spatial and temporal conditions. The inclusion of additional land use, disturbance history, and soil-topographic variables coupled to improved sampling methods may increase precision and subsequent fuel mapping.

Parresol, Bernard, R.; Scott, Joe, H.; Andreu, Anne; Prichard, Susan; Kurth, Laurie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Estimates of Energy Cost Savings Achieved from 2009 IECC Code-Compliant, Single Family Residences in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report presents estimates of the energy cost savings to be achieved from 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) code-compliant, single-family residences in Texas compared to the pre-2009 IECC codes, including: the 2001 IECC, the 2006 IECC, and the 2006 IECC w/ Houston amendments (w/ HA). A series of simulations were performed using an ESL simulation model (BDL version 4.01.07 of IC3) based on the DOE-2.1e simulation and the appropriate TMY2 weather files for three counties representing three 2009 IECC Climate Zones across Texas: Harris County for Climate Zone 2, Tarrant County for Climate Zone 3, and Potter County for Climate Zone 4. Two options based on the choice of heating fuel type were considered: (a) an electric/gas house (gas-fired furnace for space heating, and gas water heater for domestic water heating), and (b) a heat pump house (heat pump for space heating, and electric water heater for domestic water heating). The base-case building was assumed to be a 2,325 sq. ft., square-shape, one story, single-family, detached house with a floor-to-ceiling height of 8 feet. The house has an attic with a roof pitched at 23 degrees. The base-case building envelope and system characteristics were determined from the general characteristics and the climate-specific characteristics as specified in the 2001 IECC, the 2006 IECC, the 2006 IECC w/HA, and the 2009 IECC. In addition, to facilitate a better comparison with the 2009 code, several modifications were applied to the pre-2009 IECC codes. As a result, the estimated annual energy cost savings per house associated with the 2009 IECC compared to the 2001 and 2006 IECC are: (a) an electric/gas house: $462/year and $206/year for Harris County, $432/year and $216/year for Tarrant County, and $576/year and $153/year for Potter County and (b) a heat pump house: $490/year and $203/year for Harris County, $487/year and $226/year for Tarrant County, and $680/year and $155/year for Potter County. The corresponding % savings of total energy cost of a 2009 IECC code-compliant house are: (a) an electric/gas house: 22.7% and 10.1% for Harris County, 21.8% and 10.9% for Tarrant County, and 28.9% and 7.7% for Potter County and (b) a heat pump house: 21.6% and 8.9% for Harris County, 20.9% and 9.7% for Tarrant County, and 25.7% and 5.8% for Potter County.

Kim, H.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Buildings","Building Size"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

B7. Building Size, Floorspace, 1999" B7. Building Size, Floorspace, 1999" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings","Building Size" ,,"1,001 to 5,000 Square Feet","5,001 to 10,000 Square Feet","10,001 to 25,000 Square Feet","25,001 to 50,000 Square Feet","50,001 to 100,000 Square Feet","100,001 to 200,000 Square Feet","200,001 to 500,000 Square Feet","Over 500,000 Square Feet" "All Buildings ................",67338,6774,8238,11153,9311,10112,8271,6851,6628 "Principal Building Activity" "Education ....................",8651,338,444,883,1803,2144,1484,1311,"Q" "Food Sales ...................",994,302,"Q","Q","Q","Q","Q","N","N"

455

Buildings","Building Size"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

A6. Building Size, Floorspace for All Buildings (Including Malls), 2003" A6. Building Size, Floorspace for All Buildings (Including Malls), 2003" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings","Building Size" ,,"1,001 to 5,000 Square Feet","5,001 to 10,000 Square Feet","10,000 to 25,000 Square Feet","25,001 to 50,000 Square Feet","50,001 to 100,000 Square Feet","100,001 to 200,000 Square Feet","200,001 to 500,000 Square Feet","Over 500,000 Square Feet" "All Buildings ................",71658,6922,7033,12659,9382,10291,10217,7494,7660 "Principal Building Activity" "Education ....................",9874,409,399,931,1756,2690,2167,1420,"Q" "Food Sales ...................",1255,409,356,"Q","Q","Q","Q","N","N"

456

Buildings*","Building Size"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

B7. Building Size, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" B7. Building Size, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings*","Building Size" ,,"1,001 to 5,000 Square Feet","5,001 to 10,000 Square Feet","10,000 to 25,000 Square Feet","25,001 to 50,000 Square Feet","50,001 to 100,000 Square Feet","100,001 to 200,000 Square Feet","200,001 to 500,000 Square Feet","Over 500,000 Square Feet" "All Buildings* ...............",64783,6789,6585,11535,8668,9057,9064,7176,5908 "Principal Building Activity" "Education ....................",9874,409,399,931,1756,2690,2167,1420,"Q" "Food Sales ...................",1255,409,356,"Q","Q","Q","Q","N","N"

457

R-Matrix Evaluation of 16O Neutron Cross Sections up to 6.3 MeV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we describe an evaluation of {sup 16}O neutron cross sections in the resolved resonance region with the multilevel Reich-Moore R-matrix formalism. Resonance analyses were performed with the computer code SAMMY [LA98] which utilizes Bayes method, a generalized least squares technique. Over the years the nuclear community has developed a collection of evaluated nuclear data for applications in thermal, fast reactor, and fusion systems. However, typical neutron spectra in criticality safety applications are different from the spectra relevant to thermal, fast reactor, and fusion systems. In fact, the neutron spectra important for these non-reactor systems appear to peak in the epithermal energy range. Nuclear data play a major role in the calculation of the criticality safety margins for these systems. A thorough examination of how the present collection of nuclear data evaluations behaves in criticality safety calculations is needed. Many older evaluations will probably need to be revised, and new evaluations will be needed. Oxygen is an important element in criticality safety applications where oxides are present in significant abundance. The existing ENDF/B-VI.5 evaluation is expressed in terms of point-wise cross sections derived from the analysis of G. Hale [HA91]. Unfortunately such an evaluation is not directly useful for resonance analysis of data from samples in which oxygen is combined with other elements; for that purpose, Reich-Moore resonance parameters are needed. This paper addresses the task of providing those parameters. In the following sections we discuss the data, resonance analysis procedure, and results.

Sayer, R.O.

2000-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

458

Overwintering survival and role of moisture in diapause termination and subsequent emergence of sorghum midge, (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time of emergence from overwintering and abundance of sorghum midge, Stenodiplosis sorghicola (Coquillett), that initiate the first spring generation dictate the seasonal abundance and subsequent severity of damage the insect causes later in the growing season to sorghum, Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. Prediction models of sorghum midge overwintering emergence would be more accurate if effects of moisture and information on rate of survival of overwintering sorghum midges in relation to crop residue destruction treatments were included. An average of 170 sorghum midges, equivalent to 80,408 per ha, emerged between 1 1 April and 19 June 1995 from nonsheltered, sheltered (no water), sheltered (water added) soil moisture treatments. Peak emergence occurred on 3 May. Among treatments there were no significant differences (F = 0.22, P = 0.81) in the number of sorghum midges to emerge from overwintering diapause because efforts to keep dry the soil under the sheltered treatments failed when rainfall totals > 1.27 cm. However, @9-12 d following a rainfall event of >-1.27 cm, a greater than normal amount of sorghum midges emerged, The number of sorghum midge larvae estimated to have entered diapause per square meter of soil was 1,324. There were no significant differences in numbers of sorghum midges (mean of 2.1) in the top, middle, and bottom thirds of panicies. Percent overwintering survival of sorghum midges was more than twice as high from sorghum residue shredded and disked, 0.87%, than from residue shredded, disked, and deep-plowed treatment, 0.39%. Percent survival in the shredded only treatment, 0.56%, was intermediate to the others. Percent overwintering survival was x 1 00-fold greater for sorghum midges in a greenhouse (88%) than for sorghum midges that overwintered in shredded and disked sorghum residue in a field (0.87%). Percent overwintering survival was 6% for sorghum midges to emerge from panicies placed in a field in late winter.

Mott, Dale Allen

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Burrell, Pennsylvania, vicinty property Long-Term Surveillance Plan. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this document is to establish elements of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Long-Term Surveillance Plan (LTSP) for the Burrell, Pennsylvania, vicinity property. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) will use this plan to support the issuance of a license for the long-term surveillance and maintenance of the Burrell vicinity property. The DOE and the NRC previously reached agreement regarding the issuance of a license for the Burrell vicinity property. This is a departure from the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) of 1978, which requires the licensing only of disposal sites, not vicinity properties. However, given the unusually large volume of wastes and the distance from the Canonsburg disposal cell of the Burrell vicinity property, it was agreed that a license for a designed disposal cell with surveillance requirements constituted a reasonable and prudent approach in keeping with the spirit of UMTRCA. The Burrell vicinity property covers approximately 29 hectares (72 acres). Disposal of the 10,500 tonnes (I 1,600 tons) of residual radioactive material (RRM) removed from the Canonsburg Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project site took place within an approximately 0.6-hectare (1.6-acre) section in the western portion and an approximately 0.6-hectare (1.6-acre) section in the eastern portion of the Burrell vicinity property. The RRM was brought in as fill for under the ConRail railroad tracks. The excess RRM was placed in a storage location adjacent to the Conemaugh River at Burrell, which was later added to the disposal area. The disposal area contains a total of 78,000 tonnes (86,000 tons) of RRM.

NONE

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Evaluation of available saline water resources in New Mexico for the production of microalgae  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Researchers evaluated saline water resources in New Mexico for their suitability as sites for large-scale microalgae production facilities. Production of microalgae could provide a renewable source of fuel, chemicals, and food. In addition, making use of the unused saline water resources would increase the economic activity in the state. After analyzing the 15 billion acre-ft of unused saline water resources in the state, scientists narrowed the locations down to six sites with the most potential. With further analysis, they chose the Tularosa Basin in southern New Mexico as the best-suited area for 100-hectare microalgae production facility. 34 refs., 38 figs., 14 tabs.

Lansford, R.; Hernandez, J.; Enis, P.; Truby, D.; Mapel, C.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

A Family By Yellow River  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

River, opposite to Shenxi Province across the River, is within the central zone of Huangtu Plateau Culture in midland China. In history Qikou was a transport hinge connecting Sichuan to the west and Baotou (Inner Mongolia) to the northwest. Still seen... . They own seven mu (a mu is one fifteenth of a hectare) of jujube trees, which is an area expanded on a basis of one mu last year. The labour is tough with a typical droughty climate of Loess Plateau. Shouldering a pole with two buckets at either end...

China Central Television (CCTV)

2005-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

462

Films by Zhou Bing and on CCTV in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. They own seven mu (a mu is one fifteenth of a hectare) of jujube trees, which is an area expanded on a basis of one mu last year. The labour is tough with a typical droughty climate of Loess Plateau. Shouldering a pole with two buckets at either end... River, opposite to Shenxi Province across the River, is within the central zone of Huangtu Plateau Culture in midland China. In history Qikou was a transport hinge connecting Sichuan to the west and Baotou (Inner Mongolia) to the northwest. Still seen...

Bing, Zhou

2009-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

463

Dendrothermal dream threatened in the Philippines: plantation yields and budgets are slowing progress  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The components were there - educated personnel with managerial skills, large areas of underutilized land, excellent climate for tree growth, low-cost labor. The incentive was there - escalating oil prices in the 1970s. Thus, in 1979, the Philippine Dendrothermal Power Program got under way. Planners envisioned 60 to 70 wood-fired electric power plants with a total generating capacity of 200 megawatts (Denton 1983). The power plants - fueled by wood from fast-growing tree plantations-promised employment and income for tree farmers, stable electric rates for consumers, reduced oil imports, rural-to-urban migration, and additional hectares of reforested land. This paper discusses the status of the program.

Durst, P.B.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book provides background information on the agroenergetic potential of 65 countries and offers summaries of major crops planted, total area planted, yield per hectare, and total production. Total land area is categorized as to agriculture, forest, and woodland, and is discussed with demographic statistics for each country. The potential for agricultural by-products and biomass to contribute to energy availability is explored, with reference to each major crop. Vegetation and/or economic activity, or soil maps are presented for most countries, as are climatic data, with crop yields and residues which are compared with production elsewhere.

Duke, J.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Evaluation of Innovative Technologies for Remediation of an MGP Located at a Municipal Park: Bench Scale Treatability Testing and Fe asibility Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of the evaluation of various remediation options in addressing the cleanup of an MGP site in southeastern Pennsylvania presently used as a municipal park. The site has many of the features typical of MGP sites. It is located in a suburban area on approximately 0.4 hectare (one acre) adjacent to a stream. It has areas of soil and groundwater impacted primarily by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and metals, and there is an area of non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) at ...

2003-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

466

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.5 Residential Construction and Housing Market  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

7 7 Materials Used in the Construction of a 2,272 Square-Foot Single-Family Home 13,837 board-feet of lumber 12 interior doors 13,118 square feet of sheathing 6 closet doors 19 tons of concrete 2 garage doors 3,206 square feet of exterior siding material 1 fireplace 3,103 square feet of roofing material 3 toilets, 2 bathtubs, 1 shower stall 3,061 square feet of insulation 3 bathroom sinks 6,050 square feet of interior wall material 15 kitchen cabinets, 5 other cabinets 2,335 square feet of interior ceiling material 1 kitchen sink 226 linear feet of ducting 1 range, 1 refrigerator, 1 dishwasher, 1 garbage disposal, 1 range hood 19 windows 1 washer, 1 dryer 4 exterior doors (3 hinged, 1 sliding) 1 heating and cooling system 2,269 square feet of flooring material Source(s):

467

b6.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Released: June 2006 Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007 1,001 to 5,000 Square Feet 5,001 to 10,000 Square Feet 10,000 to 25,000 Square Feet 25,001 to 50,000 Square Feet 50,001 to 100,000 Square Feet 100,001 to 200,000 Square Feet 200,001 to 500,000 Square Feet Over 500,000 Square Feet All Buildings* .................................. 4,645 2,552 889 738 241 129 65 25 7 Table B6. Building Size, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Number of Buildings (thousand) All Buildings* Building Size Elevators and Escalators (more than one may apply) Any Elevators .................................... 309 Q 29 61 81 57 41 19 5 Number of Elevators One ................................................. 208 Q 29 57 62 29 11 4 Q Two to Five ..................................... 88 N N Q 19 28 29 9 Q Six or More .....................................

468

An Analysis of Near-Term Hydrogen Vehicle Rollout Scenarios for Southern California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

O&M cost. We use a land rent value of $5 per square foot perO&M cost. We use a land rent value of $5 per square foot per

Nicholas, Michael A; Ogden, J

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

NREL: News Feature - NREL Brings Precision, Savings to Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

costs would mean huge savings. At the individual building scale, a 200,000-square-foot office building that pays 2 per square foot in energy costs annually can save tens of...

470

OST opens new logistics support site | National Nuclear Security...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

employees and a fully functional vehicle maintenance facility. The nearly 40,000 square foot warehouse and 29,000 square foot vehicle maintenance facility sit on 39 acres of...

471

City of Palo Alto Utilities - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- 80door LED Lighting: Custom Occupancy Sensors: 20 - 55unit Window Film: 1.35square foot AtticRoofWall Insulation: 0.15square foot Dishwasher: 50 - 500 Ozone...

472

High Flux Metallic Membranes for Hydrogen Recovery and Membrane...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

15-year life, has no embrittlement, and produces 50 standard cubic feet per hour per square foot (scfhft 2 ) of ultra high purity hydrogen at P 200 pounds per square inch...

473

Building and Fire Publications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Large Fires: Burning of Oil Spills. Large Fires: Burning of Oil Spills. ... These oil burns in a pan ranged in size from 6 m square to 15 m square. ...

474

Table B6. Building Size, Number of Buildings, 1999  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

B6. Building Size, Number of Buildings, 1999" B6. Building Size, Number of Buildings, 1999" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings ","Building Size" ,,"1,001 to 5,000 Square Feet","5,001 to 10,000 Square Feet","10,001 to 25,000 Square Feet","25,001 to 50,000 Square Feet","50,001 to 100,000 Square Feet","100,001 to 200,000 Square Feet","200,001 to 500,000 Square Feet","Over 500,000 Square Feet" "All Buildings ................",4657,2348,1110,708,257,145,59,23,7 "Principal Building Activity" "Education ....................",327,119,61,52,49,30,10,5,"Q" "Food Sales ...................",174,138,"Q","Q","Q","Q","Q","N","N"

475

Buildings*","Building Size"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

B6. Building Size, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" B6. Building Size, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings*","Building Size" ,,"1,001 to 5,000 Square Feet","5,001 to 10,000 Square Feet","10,000 to 25,000 Square Feet","25,001 to 50,000 Square Feet","50,001 to 100,000 Square Feet","100,001 to 200,000 Square Feet","200,001 to 500,000 Square Feet","Over 500,000 Square Feet" "All Buildings* ...............",4645,2552,889,738,241,129,65,25,7 "Principal Building Activity" "Education ....................",386,162,56,60,48,39,16,5,"Q" "Food Sales ...................",226,164,44,"Q","Q","Q","Q","N","N"

476

Buildings","Building Size"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

A5. Building Size, Number of Buildings for All Buildings (Including Malls), 2003" A5. Building Size, Number of Buildings for All Buildings (Including Malls), 2003" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings","Building Size" ,,"1,001 to 5,000 Square Feet","5,001 to 10,000 Square Feet","10,000 to 25,000 Square Feet","25,001 to 50,000 Square Feet","50,001 to 100,000 Square Feet","100,001 to 200,000 Square Feet","200,001 to 500,000 Square Feet","Over 500,000 Square Feet" "All Buildings ................",4859,2586,948,810,261,147,74,26,8 "Principal Building Activity" "Education ....................",386,162,56,60,48,39,16,5,"Q" "Food Sales ...................",226,164,44,"Q","Q","Q","Q","N","N"

477

Windows as Luminaires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Windows with low-e coatings have already captured a 35% market share in the U.S, with sales of 25 million square meters (270 million square feet) per year. Fig. 1 is based on a...

478

Model identification with application to building control and fault detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont.) may still be solved as an unconstrained linear least squares problem. To enforce the constraint on system eigenvalues, the problem is formulated as an unconstrained mixed (linear and non-linear) least-squares ...

Armstrong, Peter Ross, 1950-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

would include a 30,000-square-foot (2,700-square-meter) facility, a garage, a 130-car parking lot, and a 150-foot (45-meter) tall fire suppression water storage tank with antenna...

480

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

A6. Building Size, Floorspace for All Buildings (Including Malls), 2003 Total Floorspace (million square feet) All Buildings Building Size 1,001 to 5,000 Square Feet 5,001 to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "hectares ha square" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

graphics.mws - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

If a value x in Pascal's tria ngle is even, it draws a red square, if odd, a green square. ..... cl ick on the plot then click on the play button on the plot toolbar abov e.

482

Federal Energy Management Program: Guidance for Developing Baseline...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is defined as annual potable water use divided by total gross square footage of facility space (galft2). The facility gross square footage is the same value used for energy...

483

NIST Tech Beat for March 30, 2011  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Small. ... The 2,700-square-foot (251-square-meter), two-story structure will use energy-saving appliances and design, as well as solar panels, to ...

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

484

EA-1376: Proposed Construction and Operation of a New Interagency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Center would include a 30,000-square-foot (2,700-square-meter) facility, a garage, a 130-car parking lot, and a 150-foot (45-meter) tall fire suppression water storage tank with...

485

Enforcement Action - EA-2004-05  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

270 Corporate Square Building EH-6, 270 Corporate Square Building U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW 19901 Germantown Road...

486

Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) - Data - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Water Heating; Preliminary Release Date: ... Total Square Footage of Single-Family Homes (HC10.6) XLS: Total Square Footage of Multi-Family Homes (HC10.7) XLS:

487

Turlock Irrigation District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clothes Washers: 35 Sun Screens: 1.00square foot Whole House Fans: 75 Solar Attic Fan: 100 Radiant Barrier: 0.10square foot Shade Tree: 20 each (3 max) Turlock...

488

A Long Memory Model with Mixed Normal GARCH for US Inflation Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Table 3, the row labeled “ACF” reports the mean squaredAIC BIC Skewness Kurtosis ACF Notes: AIC (BIC) gives the1% levels, respectively. ACF gives the mean squared errors

Cheung, Yin-Wong; Chung, Sang-Kuck

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Grant County PUD - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Freezer Decommissioning: 100 CFLs: Retail cost per bulb not including tax Attic Insulation: 0.45 - 1.10square foot Floor Insulation: 0.75 - 0.90square foot Wall...

490

Chelan County PUD - Residential Weatherization Rebate Program...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program Rebate Amount WindowsPatio Doors: 3 per square foot installed WallFloor Insulation: 0.25 per square foot if existing insulation is R-5 or less CeilingAttic...

491

b6.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Revised June 2006 Revised June 2006 49 Released: June 2006 Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007 1,001 to 5,000 Square Feet 5,001 to 10,000 Square Feet 10,000 to 25,000 Square Feet 25,001 to 50,000 Square Feet 50,001 to 100,000 Square Feet 100,001 to 200,000 Square Feet 200,001 to 500,000 Square Feet Over 500,000 Square Feet All Buildings* .................................. 4,645 2,552 889 738 241 129 65 25 7 Table B6. Building Size, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Number of Buildings (thousand) All Buildings* Building Size Elevators and Escalators (more than one may apply) Any Elevators .................................... 309 Q 29 61 81 57 41 19 5 Number of Elevators One ................................................. 208 Q 29 57 62 29 11 4 Q Two to Five .....................................

492

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

per Square Foot per Building per Square Foot per kWh ... Forms EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. Table C14A.

493

Orcas Power & Light - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0.05 - 0.85 per square foot Duct Sealing: 400 - 500 Window Replacement: 6 per square foot Clothes Washer: 20 - 70 RefrigeratorFreezer: 15 Water Heaters: 25 Orcas...

494

Port Angeles Public Works & Utilities - Residential Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0.85 per square foot, depending on starting R-value Floor Insulation: 0.12 - 0.75 per square foot depending on starting R-value Lighting: 2.50 - 10.00 per unit (25 minimum...

495

Energy Department Highlights Nissan's Better Plants Challenge...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

12 million square feet of plant space. According to Nissan's projections, the new 250,000 square- foot footprint Smyrna paint plant is capable of reducing energy use and carbon...

496

Producing Results in Nanotechnology Today November 11-13 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nov 11, 2007 ... Sheraton Station Square, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA ..... Active Layer Technology Systems for Organic Solar Cells: Andy Hannah1;.

497

Solution to Practice Problems: Linear regression/classification and kNN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,073,750 = 82.65 dollars per square foot Square Footage House Price 800 74,000 1150 110,000 1450 134,000 1600 for the price of a house that is 1000 sq. ft. HP = (10,460.42 dollars) + (82.65 dollars per square foot) * (1000, approximately how much would a house cost if it is 1000 square feet? A best-fit line for this data is shown

Yates, Alexander

498

Table 6a. Total Electricity Consumption per Effective Occupied...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a. Total Electricity Consumption per Effective Occupied Square Foot, 1992 Building Characteristics All Buildings Using Electricity (thousand) Total Electricity Consumption...

499

Gear Description -Shrimp Trawl Page _____ of _____ Net # / position (check one or more if nets are identical)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Square / Oval / V / Other Loop chain Tickler chain Top leg line-dummy #12;Gear Description - Shrimp Trawl

500

Index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Monterey Bay Area: Ano Nuevo Long-stemmed and Rossi Square- stemmed Terry Jones and Mark Hylkema INDEX Formation

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z