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1

Citation: K. Nakamura et al. (Particle Data Group), JPG 37, 075021 (2010) (URL: http://pdg.lbl.gov) Heavy Neutral Leptons, Searches for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://pdg.lbl.gov) Heavy Neutral Leptons, Searches for (A) Heavy Neutral Leptons(A) Heavy Neutral Leptons(A) Heavy Neutral Leptons(A) Heavy Neutral Leptons Stable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITSStable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITSStable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITSStable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITS Note that LEP results

2

Citation: J. Beringer et al. (Particle Data Group), PR D86, 010001 (2012) (URL: http://pdg.lbl.gov) Heavy Neutral Leptons, Searches for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://pdg.lbl.gov) Heavy Neutral Leptons, Searches for (A) Heavy Neutral Leptons(A) Heavy Neutral Leptons(A) Heavy Neutral Leptons(A) Heavy Neutral Leptons Stable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITSStable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITSStable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITSStable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITS Note that LEP results

3

Citation: K. Nakamura et al. (Particle Data Group), JP G 37, 075021 (2010) and 2011 partial update for the 2012 edition (URL: http://pdg.lbl.gov) Heavy Neutral Leptons, Searches for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the 2012 edition (URL: http://pdg.lbl.gov) Heavy Neutral Leptons, Searches for (A) Heavy Neutral Leptons(A) Heavy Neutral Leptons(A) Heavy Neutral Leptons(A) Heavy Neutral Leptons Stable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITSStable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITSStable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITSStable Neutral Heavy Lepton

4

Status of Heavy-lepton Searches  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Searches for heavy leptons using e{sup +}e{sup -} annihilation, lepton-hadron collisions, photon-hadron collisions, hadron-hadron collisions, and studies of macroscopic matter are reviewed. The present experimental status and future possibilities are summarized.

Perl, M. L.

1981-06-00T23:59:59.000Z

5

Phenomenology of heavy vector-like leptons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the impact that a heavy generation of vector-like leptons can have on the value of the electric dipole moment of the electron, and the rates for the flavor violating processes mu --> e gamma and mu --> 3e. The smallness of the charged lepton masses suggests that at least some of the Yukawa coupling constants of the vector-like leptons to the ordinary leptons or amongst themselves are small, but even with such small couplings experiments trying to detect these quantities are sensitive to extra generation lepton masses up to about 100 TeV.

Koji Ishiwata; Mark B. Wise

2013-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

6

Detecting exotic heavy leptons at the large hadron collider.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ar X iv :h ep -p h/ 01 08 09 7v 1 1 0 A ug 2 00 1 Preprint typeset in JHEP style. - HYPER VERSION Cavendish-HEP-01/10 DAMTP-2001-71 CERN-TH/2001-205 Detecting Exotic Heavy Leptons at the Large Hadron Collider B.C. Allanach?, C.M. Harris†, M... , CB3 0WA, UK. Abstract: New almost-degenerate charged and neutral heavy leptons are a feature of a number of theories of physics beyond the Standard Model. The prospects for detecting these at the Large Hadron Collider using a time-of-flight technique...

Allanach, B C; Harris, Chris M; Parker, Michael A; Richardson, P; Webber, Bryan R

7

Citation: K. Nakamura et al. (Particle Data Group), JPG 37, 075021 (2010) (URL: http://pdg.lbl.gov) Heavy Charged Lepton Searches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://pdg.lbl.gov) Heavy Charged Lepton Searches Charged Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITSCharged Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITSCharged Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITSCharged Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITS Sequential Charged Heavy Lepton (L±) MASS LIMITSSequential Charged Heavy Lepton (L±) MASS LIMITSSequential Charged Heavy Lepton (L±) MASS LIMITSSequential

8

Citation: J. Beringer et al. (Particle Data Group), PR D86, 010001 (2012) (URL: http://pdg.lbl.gov) Heavy Charged Lepton Searches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://pdg.lbl.gov) Heavy Charged Lepton Searches Charged Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITSCharged Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITSCharged Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITSCharged Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITS Sequential Charged Heavy Lepton (L±) MASS LIMITSSequential Charged Heavy Lepton (L±) MASS LIMITSSequential Charged Heavy Lepton (L±) MASS LIMITSSequential

9

Citation: K. Nakamura et al. (Particle Data Group), JP G 37, 075021 (2010) and 2011 partial update for the 2012 edition (URL: http://pdg.lbl.gov) Heavy Charged Lepton Searches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the 2012 edition (URL: http://pdg.lbl.gov) Heavy Charged Lepton Searches Charged Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITSCharged Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITSCharged Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITSCharged Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITS Sequential Charged Heavy Lepton (L±) MASS LIMITSSequential Charged Heavy Lepton (L±) MASS LIMITSSequential

10

Neutrino masses and heavy triplet leptons at the LHC: Testability of the type III seesaw mechanism  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study LHC signatures of the type III seesaw mechanism in which SU(2){sub L} triplet leptons are introduced to supply the heavy seesaw masses. To detect the signals of these heavy triplet leptons, one needs to understand their decays to standard model particles which depend on how light and heavy leptons mix with each other. We concentrate on the usual solutions with small light and heavy lepton mixing of the order of the square root of the ratio of light and heavy masses, (m{sub {nu}}/M{sub {nu}}{sub {sub R}}){sup 1/2}. This class of solutions can lead to a visible displaced vertex detectable at the LHC which can be used to distinguish small mixing and large mixing between light and heavy leptons. We show that, in this case, the couplings of light and heavy triplet leptons to gauge and Higgs bosons, which determine the decay widths and branching ratios, can be expressed in terms of light neutrino masses and their mixing. Using these relations, we study heavy triplet lepton decay patterns and production cross section at the LHC. If these heavy triplet leptons are below a TeV or so, they can be easily produced at the LHC due to their gauge interactions from being nontrivial representations of SU(2){sub L}. We consider two ideal production channels, (1) E{sup +}E{sup -}{yields}l{sup +}l{sup +}l{sup -}l{sup -}jj (l=e, {mu}, {tau}) and (2) E{sup {+-}}N{yields}l{sup {+-}}l{sup {+-}}jjjj in detail. For case 1, we find that with one or two of the light leptons being {tau} it can also be effectively studied. With judicious cuts at the LHC, the discovery of the heavy triplet leptons as high as a TeV can be achieved with 100 fb{sup -1} integrated luminosity.

Li Tong [Center for High Energy Physics, Peking University, Beijing, 100871 (China); He Xiaogang [Center for High Energy Physics, Peking University, Beijing, 100871 (China); Department of Physics and Center for Theoretical Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China)

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

REVIEW OF HEAVY LEPTON PRODUCTION IN e+e- ANNIHILATION* Martin L. Per1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HEAVY LEPTON PRODUCTION IN e+e- ANNIHILATION* HEAVY LEPTON PRODUCTION IN e+e- ANNIHILATION* Martin L. Per1 Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 ABSTRACT * The existing data on e f p r , eixT, p xi:, and related events produced in e'e- annihilation are reviewed. All data are consistent with the exist- ence of a new charged lepton, T *, of m a s s 1.9 * . 1 GeV/c2. (Invited talk presented at the 1977 International Symposium on Lepton and Photon Interactions at High Energies, Hambrug, Cfirmany, August 25-31 , 1977.) *Work supported by the Department of Energy. NOTICE-- rpon.wred by the United States Government. Netther the United States nor the United States Department of Energy, nor any of their employees, nor any of their contractors, Subcontractors, or thou employees. makes

12

Review of ''close-mass'' heavy lepton searches  

SciTech Connect

Results from recent searches in e/sup +/e/sup /minus// annihilation at PEP (..sqrt..s = 29 GeV) for a fourth-generation charged lepton associated with a slightly lighter neutrino partner are presented. Some emphasis is given to the most recent search, which uses a novel approach based on radiative tagging, an approach that holds promise as a general tool in searching for exotic events characterized by very low visible energy. Prospects for upcoming sequential lepton searches at SLC and LEP experiments are also discussed. 11 refs., 4 figs.

Riles, K.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Higgs boson decay into heavy quarks and heavy leptons: higher order corrections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theoretical predictions for the decay width of Standard Model Higgs boson into bottom quarks and tau-leptons, in the case when M_HHiggs boson into bb and tau+tau- are discussed.

Kim, Victor T

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Ferroelectric Plasma Source for Heavy Ion Beam Charge Neutralization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heavy Ion Beam Driven Fusion Reactor Study”, KfK-3480,a possible heavy ion fusion reactor design [1]. The final

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Search for Heavy Neutral MSSM Higgs Bosons with CMS: Reach and Higgs-Mass Precision  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The search for MSSM Higgs bosons will be an important goal at the LHC. We analyze the search reach of the CMS experiment for the heavy neutral MSSM Higgs bosons with an integrated luminosity of 30 or 60 fb^-1. This is done by combining the latest results for the CMS experimental sensitivities based on full simulation studies with state-of-the-art theoretical predictions of MSSM Higgs-boson properties. The results are interpreted in MSSM benchmark scenarios in terms of the parameters tan_beta and the Higgs-boson mass scale, M_A. We study the dependence of the 5 sigma discovery contours in the M_A-tan_beta plane on variations of the other supersymmetric parameters. The largest effects arise from a change in the higgsino mass parameter mu, which enters both via higher-order radiative corrections and via the kinematics of Higgs decays into supersymmetric particles. While the variation of $\\mu$ can shift the prospective discovery reach (and correspondingly the ``LHC wedge'' region) by about Delta tan_beta = 10, we find that the discovery reach is rather stable with respect to the impact of other supersymmetric parameters. Within the discovery region we analyze the accuracy with which the masses of the heavy neutral Higgs bosons can be determined. We find that an accuracy of 1-4% should be achievable, which could make it possible in favourable regions of the MSSM parameter space to experimentally resolve the signals of the two heavy MSSM Higgs bosons at the LHC.

S. Gennai; S. Heinemeyer; A. Kalinowski; R. Kinnunen; S. Lethi; A. Nikitenko; G. Weiglein

2007-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

16

Dynamics of neutralizing electrons during the focusing of intense heavy ions beams inside a heavy fusion reactor chamber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

beams inside a heavy ion fusion reactor chamber * Agustin F.of a Heavy Ion Fusion reactor heavily depends on the maximum

Lifschitz, Agustin F.; Maynard, Gilles; Vay, Jean-Luc; Lenglet, Andrian

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Dynamics of neutralizing electrons during the focusing of intense heavy ions beams inside a heavy fusion reactor chamber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

beams inside a heavy ion fusion reactor chamber * Agustin F.efficiency of a Heavy Ion Fusion reactor heavily depends on

Lifschitz, Agustin F.; Maynard, Gilles; Vay, Jean-Luc; Lenglet, Andrian

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Upper Energy Limit of Heavy Baryon Chiral Perturbation Theory in Neutral Pion Photoproduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the availability of the new neutral pion photoproduction from the proton data from the A2 and CB-TAPS Collaborations at Mainz it is mandatory to revisit Heavy Baryon Chiral Perturbation Theory (HBChPT) and address the extraction of the partial waves as well as other issues such as the value of the low-energy constants, the energy range where the calculation provides a good agreement with the data and the impact of unitarity. We find that, within the current experimental status, HBChPT with the fitted LECs gives a good agreement with the existing neutral pion photoproduction data up to $\\sim$170 MeV and that imposing unitarity does not improve this picture. Above this energy the data call for further improvement in the theory such as the explicit inclusion of the \\Delta (1232). We also find that data and multipoles can be well described up to $\\sim$185 MeV with Taylor expansions in the partial waves up to first order in pion energy.

C. Fernandez-Ramirez; A. M. Bernstein

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

19

Lepton stability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of flavor-changing currents in the lepton sector is reviewed. The emphasis is on the experimental situation, with a brief discussion of the theoretical problems which are addressed by the measurements.

Cooper, M.C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Determining the heavy seesaw neutrino mass matrix from low-energy parameters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore how the seesaw sector in neutrino mass models may be constrained through symmetries to be completely determined in terms of low-energy mass, mixing angle and CP-violating phase observables. The key ingredients are intra-family symmetries to determine the neutrino Dirac mass matrix in terms of the charged-lepton or quark mass matrices, together with inter-family or flavor symmetries to determine diagonalization matrices. Implications for leptogenesis and collider detection of heavy neutral leptons are discussed. We show that leptogenesis can succeed in small regions of parameter space for the case where the neutrino Dirac mass matrix equals the up-quark mass matrix. The model where the neutrino Dirac mass matrix equals the charged-lepton mass matrix can yield a heavy neutral lepton as light as about 1 TeV, but detecting such a particle will be difficult.

He, Xiao-Gang; Volkas, Raymond R

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Determining the heavy seesaw neutrino mass matrix from low-energy parameters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore how the seesaw sector in neutrino mass models may be constrained through symmetries to be completely determined in terms of low-energy mass, mixing angle and CP-violating phase observables. The key ingredients are intra-family symmetries to determine the neutrino Dirac mass matrix in terms of the charged-lepton or quark mass matrices, together with inter-family or flavor symmetries to determine diagonalization matrices. Implications for leptogenesis and collider detection of heavy neutral leptons are discussed. We show that leptogenesis can succeed in small regions of parameter space for the case where the neutrino Dirac mass matrix equals the up-quark mass matrix. The model where the neutrino Dirac mass matrix equals the charged-lepton mass matrix can yield a heavy neutral lepton as light as about 1 TeV, but detecting such a particle will be difficult.

Xiao-Gang He; Sandy S. C. Law; Raymond R. Volkas

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

22

Determining the heavy seesaw neutrino mass matrix from low-energy parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We explore how the seesaw sector in neutrino mass models may be constrained through symmetries to be completely determined in terms of low-energy mass, mixing angle and CP-violating phase observables. The key ingredients are intrafamily symmetries to determine the neutrino Dirac mass matrix in terms of the charged-lepton or quark mass matrices, together with interfamily or flavor symmetries to determine diagonalization matrices. Implications for leptogenesis and collider detection of heavy neutral leptons are discussed. We show that leptogenesis can succeed in small regions of parameter space for the case where the neutrino Dirac mass matrix equals the up-quark mass matrix. The model where the neutrino Dirac mass matrix equals the charged-lepton mass matrix can yield a heavy neutral lepton as light as about 1 TeV, but detecting such a particle will be difficult.

He Xiaogang [Department of Physics, Center for Theoretical Sciences and LeCosPA Center, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Law, Sandy S. C.; Volkas, Raymond R. [School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia)

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Develpoment of a one-meter plasma source for heavy ion beam charge neutralization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heavy Ion Beam Driven Fusion Reactor Study”, KfK-3480,is a possible heavy ion fusion reactor design [1]. The final

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Search for Heavy Neutral MSSM Higgs Bosons with CMS: Reach and Higgs-Mass Precision  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The search for MSSM Higgs bosons will be an important goal at the LHC. We analyze the search reach of the CMS experiment for the heavy neutral MSSM Higgs bosons with an integrated luminosity of 30 or 60 fb^-1. This is done by combining the latest results for the CMS experimental sensitivities based on full simulation studies with state-of-the-art theoretical predictions of MSSM Higgs-boson properties. The results are interpreted in MSSM benchmark scenarios in terms of the parameters tan_beta and the Higgs-boson mass scale, M_A. We study the dependence of the 5 sigma discovery contours in the M_A-tan_beta plane on variations of the other supersymmetric parameters. The largest effects arise from a change in the higgsino mass parameter mu, which enters both via higher-order radiative corrections and via the kinematics of Higgs decays into supersymmetric particles. While the variation of $\\mu$ can shift the prospective discovery reach (and correspondingly the ``LHC wedge'' region) by about Delta tan_beta = 10, we...

Gennai, S; Kalinowski, A; Kinnunen, R; Lethi, S; Nikitenko, A; Weiglein, G

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Heavy-atom neutral beams for tandem-mirror end plugs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The advantages of neutral beams with Z greater than or equal to 3 formed from negative ions, accelerated to 0.5 to 1.0 MeV/amu, and neutralized with high efficiency, are investigated for use in tandem mirror reactor end plugs. These beams can produce Q's of 20 to 30, and thus can replace the currently proposed 200 to 500 keV neutral proton beams presently planned for tandem mirror reactors. Thus, these Z greater than or equal to 3 neutral beams increase the potential attractiveness of tandem mirror reactors by offering a substitute for difficult high energy neutral hydrogen end plug beams.

Post, D.E.; Grisham, L.R.; Santarius, J.F.; Emmert, G.A.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Glossary Term - Lepton  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Joule Previous Term (Joule) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Liquid Nitrogen) Liquid Nitrogen Lepton Leptons are particles with little mass that interact through the electromagnetic...

27

Heavy Neutral Beam Probe for edge plasma analysis in Tokamaks. Annual progress report, December 1, 1992--November 30, 1993  

SciTech Connect

The contents of this report present the progress achieved to date on the Heavy Neutral Beam Probe project. This effort is an international collaboration in magnetic confinement fusion energy research sponsored by the US Department of Energy, Office of Energy Research (Confinement Systems Division) and the Centre Canadien de Fusion Magnetique (CCFM). The overall objective of the effort is to develop and apply a neutral particle beam to the study of edge plasma dynamics in discharges on the Tokamak de Varennes (TdeV) facility in Montreal, Canada. To achieve this goal, a research and development project was established to produce the necessary hardware to make such measurements and meet the scheduling requirements of the program. At present the project is in the middle of its second budget period with the instrumentation on-site at TdeV. The first half of this budget period was used to complete total system tests at InterScience, Inc., dismantle and ship the hardware to TdeV, re-assemble and install the HNBP on the tokamak. Integration of the diagnostic into the TdeV facility has progressed to the point of first beam production and measurement on the plasma. At this time, the HNBP system is undergoing final de-bugging prior to re-start of machine operation in early Fall of this year.

Castracane, J.; Saravia, E.; Beckstead, J.; Aceto, S.

1993-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

28

Search for Pair Production of a Heavy Up-Type Quark Decaying to a W Boson and a b Quark in the lepton plus jets Channel with the ATLAS Detector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A search is presented for production of a heavy up-type quark (t{prime}) together with its antiparticle, assuming subsequent decay to a W boson and a b quark, t{prime}{bar t}{prime} {yields} W{sup +}bW{sup -}{bar b}. The search is based on 1.04 fb{sup -1} of proton-proton collisions at {radical}s = 7 TeV collected by the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. Data are analyzed in the lepton+jets final state, characterized by a high transverse momentum isolated electron or muon, high missing transverse momentum, and at least three jets. No significant excess of events above the background expectation is observed. A 95% C.L. lower limit of 404 GeV is set for the mass of the t{prime} quark.

Aad G.; Abbott, B.; Abdallah, J.; Abdelalim, A. A.; Abdesselam, A.; Abdinov, O.; Abi, B.; Abolins, M.; AbouZeid, O. S.; Abramowicz, H.; Abreu, H.; Acerbi, E.; Acharya, B. S.; Adamczyk, L.; Adams, D. L.; Addy, T. N.; Adelman, J.; Aderholz, M.; Adomeit, S.; et al.

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

29

Lepton flavor violation decays with the fourth generation neutrino  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the lepton flavor violation decays, $\\tau \\to \\mu\\gamma$, $\\tau \\to e\\gamma$ and $\\mu \\to e\\gamma$, in the framwork of a squential fourth generation model with a heavy fourth neutrino, $\

Huo, W J; Huo, Wu-Jun; Feng, Tai-Fu

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

The left-right forward-backward asymmetry of heavy quarks measured with jet charge and with leptons at the SLD  

SciTech Connect

The authors present direct measurements of the left-right asymmetry of b- and c-quarks from the decay of Z{sup 0} bosons produced in the annihilation of longitudinally polarized electrons and unpolarized positrons. Two complementary techniques are presented: (1) Z{sup 0} {yields} b{bar b} decays are tagged using track impact parameters with b{bar b} discrimination provided by momentum-weighted track charge; (2) semileptonic b-decays are tagged using high p and p{sub T} muons and electrons. The preliminary results from their 1993 data sample are: A{sub b} = 0.93 {+-} 0.13 {+-} 0.13 for the jet charge and A{sub b} = 0.93 {+-} 0.14 {+-} 0.09, and A{sub c} = 0.40 {+-} 0.23 {+-} 0.20 for the leptons, where the first error is statistical and the second systematic.

Williams, D.C. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States)]|[Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Stanford Linear Accelerator Center

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Search for pair-produced heavy quarks decaying to Wq in the two-lepton channel at root(s)=7 TeV with the ATLAS detector  

SciTech Connect

A search is presented for heavy-quark pair production (QQ{sup -}) under the decay hypothesis QQ{sup -} {yields} W{sup +}qW{sup -}q{sup -} with q=d, s, b for up-type Q or q=u, c for down-type Q. The search is performed with 1.04 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity from pp collisions at {radical}s = 7 TeV collected by the ATLAS detector at the CERN LHC. Dilepton final states are selected, requiring large missing transverse momentum and at least two jets. Mass reconstruction of heavy-quark candidates is performed by assuming that the W boson decay products are nearly collinear. The data are in agreement with standard model expectations; a heavy quark with mass less than 350 GeV is excluded at 95% confidence level.

Aad G.; Abbott, B.; Abdallah, J.; Abdelalim, A. A.; Abdesselam, A.; Abdinov, O.; Abi, B.; Abolins, M.; AbouZeid, O. S.; Abramowicz, H.; Abreu, H.; Acerbi, E.; Acharya, B. S.; Adamczyk, L.; Adams, D. L.; Addy, T. N.; Adelman, J.; Aderholz, M.; Adomeit, S.; et al.

2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

32

A search for close-mass lepton doublet  

SciTech Connect

Described is a search for a heavy charged lepton with an associated neutrino of nearly the same mass, together known as a close-mass lepton doublet. The search is conducted in e/sup +/e/sup/minus// annihilation data taken with the Mark II detector at a center-of-mass energy of 29 GeV. In order to suppress contamination from conventional two-photon reactions, the search applies a novel, radiative-tagging technique. Requiring the presence of an isolated, energetic photon allows exploration for lepton doublets with a mass splitting smaller than that previously accessible to experiment. No evidence for such a new lepton has been found, enabling limits to be placed on allowed mass combinations. Mass differences as low as 250-300 MeV are excluded for charged lepton masses up to 10 GeV. 78 refs., 64 figs., 8 tabs.

Riles, J.K.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

The physics of heavy flavors  

SciTech Connect

We review the physics of heavy quark flavors, including weak decays, onium, tau leptons, mixing, the Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix, and CP violation in B decay. 36 refs., 12 figs.

Gilman, F.J.

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Higgs. -->. four leptons at the SSC  

SciTech Connect

Detection of an intermediate mass or heavy Higgs boson through its decay into four charged leptons is studied with emphasis on background considerations and detector requirements. The intermediate mass Higgs decay via ZZ* is expected to be a difficult mode to observe due to low event rates. In addition, cuts which are needed to reduce the backgrounds reduce the signal even further. The rapidity coverage and energy resolution requirements for this mode are more severe than for the heavy Higgs. The heavy Higgs boson decay H ..-->.. Z/sup 0/Z/sup 0/ ..-->.. 4/ell//sup +-/ continues to be observable for a Higgs mass between twice the Z mass and about 600 GeV/c/sup 2/ when detector characteristics of generic large SSC detectors are included. A careful study is made of backgrounds from q/bar q/, qq ..-->.. Z + Jets and detector-related issues. It is shown that an isolation cut on the lepton candidates can be expected to reduce the background from this source to low levels. 14 refs., 12 figs., 4 tabs.

Wang, E.M.; Hanson, G.G.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Quark Lepton Similarity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose the lepton mixing matrix at high energy scale to be connected to quark mixing matrix by the similar transformation. The similarity between CKM and PMNS significantly narrows down the ranges in physical parameters. The condition requires $\\sin\\theta_{13}$ not to be larger than 0.15, masses to be of quasi-degenerate normal ordering, and $\\tan\\beta$ to be large.

Seungsu Hwang; Kim Siyeon

2010-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

36

Nuclear PDF for neutrino and charged lepton data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutrino Deep Inelastic Scattering on nuclei is an essential process to constrain the strange quark parton distribution functions in the proton. The critical component on the way to using the neutrino DIS data in a proton PDF analysis is understanding the nuclear effects in parton distribution functions. We parametrize these effects by nuclear parton distribution functions. Here we compare results from two analysis of NPDF both done at next-to-leading order in QCD. The first uses neutral current charged-lepton lA Deeply Inelastic Scattering and Drell-Yan data for several nuclear targets and the second uses neutrino-nucleon DIS data. We compare the nuclear corrections factors F_2^Fe/F_2^D for the charged-lepton data with other results from the literature. In particular, we compare and contrast fits based upon the charged-lepton DIS data with those using neutrino-nucleon DIS data.

K. Kovarik

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

37

Measurement of the $?$-lepton lifetime at Belle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The lifetime of the $\\tau$-lepton is measured using the process $e^+e^-\\rightarrow\\tau^+\\tau^-$, where both $\\tau$-leptons decay to $3\\pi\

Belle Collaboration; K. Belous; M. Shapkin; A. Sokolov; I. Adachi; H. Aihara; D. M. Asner; V. Aulchenko; A. M. Bakich; A. Bala; B. Bhuyan; A. Bobrov; A. Bondar; G. Bonvicini; A. Bozek; M. Bra?ko; T. E. Browder; D. ?ervenkov; V. Chekelian; A. Chen; B. G. Cheon; K. Chilikin; R. Chistov; K. Cho; V. Chobanova; Y. Choi; D. Cinabro; J. Dalseno; Z. Doležal; D. Dutta; S. Eidelman; D. Epifanov; H. Farhat; J. E. Fast; T. Ferber; V. Gaur; S. Ganguly; A. Garmash; R. Gillard; Y. M. Goh; B. Golob; J. Haba; T. Hara; K. Hayasaka; H. Hayashii; Y. Hoshi; W. -S. Hou; T. Iijima; K. Inami; A. Ishikawa; R. Itoh; T. Iwashita; I. Jaegle; T. Julius; E. Kato; H. Kichimi; C. Kiesling; D. Y. Kim; H. J. Kim; J. B. Kim; M. J. Kim; Y. J. Kim; K. Kinoshita; B. R. Ko; P. Kodyš; S. Korpar; P. Križan; P. Krokovny; T. Kuhr; A. Kuzmin; Y. -J. Kwon; J. S. Lange; S. -H. Lee; J. Libby; D. Liventsev; P. Lukin; D. Matvienko; H. Miyata; R. Mizuk; G. B. Mohanty; T. Mori; R. Mussa; Y. Nagasaka; E. Nakano; M. Nakao; M. Nayak; E. Nedelkovska; C. Ng; N. K. Nisar; S. Nishida; O. Nitoh; S. Ogawa; S. Okuno; S. L. Olsen; W. Ostrowicz; G. Pakhlova; C. W. Park; H. Park; H. K. Park; T. K. Pedlar; R. Pestotnik; M. Petri?; L. E. Piilonen; M. Ritter; M. Röhrken; A. Rostomyan; S. Ryu; H. Sahoo; T. Saito; Y. Sakai; S. Sandilya; D. Santel; L. Santelj; T. Sanuki; V. Savinov; O. Schneider; G. Schnell; C. Schwanda; D. Semmler; K. Senyo; O. Seon; V. Shebalin; C. P. Shen; T. -A. Shibata; J. -G. Shiu; B. Shwartz; A. Sibidanov; F. Simon; Y. -S. Sohn; S. Stani?; M. Stari?; M. Steder; T. Sumiyoshi; U. Tamponi; G. Tatishvili; Y. Teramoto; K. Trabelsi; T. Tsuboyama; M. Uchida; S. Uehara; T. Uglov; Y. Unno; S. Uno; Y. Usov; S. E. Vahsen; C. Van Hulse; P. Vanhoefer; G. Varner; K. E. Varvell; A. Vinokurova; V. Vorobyev; M. N. Wagner; C. H. Wang; P. Wang; M. Watanabe; Y. Watanabe; K. M. Williams; E. Won; J. Yamaoka; Y. Yamashita; S. Yashchenko; Y. Yook; C. Z. Yuan; Z. P. Zhang; V. Zhilich; A. Zupanc

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

38

Three Extra Mirror or Sequential Families: Case for a Heavy Higgs Boson and Inert Doublet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the possibility of the existence of extra fermion families and an extra Higgs doublet. We find that requiring the extra Higgs doublet to be inert leaves space for three extra families, allowing for mirror fermion families and a dark matter candidate at the same time. The emerging scenario is very predictive: It consists of a standard model Higgs boson, with a mass above 400 GeV, heavy new quarks between 340 and 500 GeV, light extra neutral leptons, and an inert scalar with a mass below M{sub Z}.

Martinez, Homero [CEA, Saclay, DSM-IRFU-SPP (France); Melfo, Alejandra [ICTP, Trieste (Italy); Universidad de Los Andes, Merida (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Nesti, Fabrizio [Universita di Ferrara, Ferrara (Italy); Senjanovic, Goran [ICTP, Trieste (Italy)

2011-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

39

PDF Nuclear Corrections for Charged Lepton and Neutrino Deep Inelastic Scattering Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We perform a \\chi^2-analysis of Nuclear Parton Distribution Functions (NPDFs) using neutral current charged-lepton Deeply Inelastic Scattering (DIS) and Drell-Yan data for several nuclear targets. The nuclear A dependence of the NPDFs is extracted in a next-to-leading order fit. We compare the nuclear corrections factors F2(Fe)/F2(D) for this charged-lepton data with other results from the literature. In particular, we compare and contrast fits based upon the charged-lepton DIS data with those using neutrino-nucleon DIS data.

I. Schienbein; J. Y. Yu; K. Kovarik; C. Keppel; J. G. Morfin; F. Olness; J. F. Owens

2009-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

40

Summary of Lepton Photon 2011  

SciTech Connect

In this lecture, I summarize developments presented at the Lepton Photon 2011 conference and give my perspective on the current situation in high-energy physics. I am grateful to the organizers of Lepton Photon 2011 for providing us a very pleasant and simulating week in Mumbai. This year's Lepton Photon conference has covered the full range of subjects that fall within the scope of high-energy physics, including connections to cosmology, nuclear physics, and atomic physics. The experiments that were discussed detect particles ranging in energy from radio frequencies to EeV.

Peskin, Michael E.; /SLAC

2012-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Measurement of tau lepton branching fractions  

SciTech Connect

We present {tau}{sup {minus}} lepton branching fraction measurements based on data from the TPC/Two-Gamma detector at PEP. Using a sample of{tau}{sup {minus}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}}K{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}} events, we examine the resonance structure of the K{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}} system and obtain the first measurements of branching fractions for {tau}{sup {minus}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}}K{sub 1}{sup {minus}}(1270) and {tau}{sup {minus}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}}K{sub 1}{sup {minus}}(1400). We also describe a complete set of branching fraction measurements in which all the decays of the {tau}{sup {minus}} lepton are separated into classes defined by the identities of the charged particles and an estimate of the number of neutrals. This is the first such global measurement with decay classes defined by the four possible charged particle species, e, {mu}, {pi}, and K.

Nicol, N.A.

1993-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

42

Limits on tau lepton-flavor violating decays into three charged leptons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A search for the neutrinoless, lepton-flavor violating decay of the ? [tau] lepton into three charged leptons has been performed using an integrated luminosity of 468??fb-1 [fb superscript -1] collected with the BABAR ...

Cowan, Ray Franklin

43

Physical model of leptons : Massive electrons, muons, tauons and their massless neutrons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The physical model (PhsMdl) of the leptons is offered by means of the PhsMdls of the vacuum and electron,described in our recent works. It is assumed that the vacuum is consistent by dynamides, streamlined in junctions of some tight crystalline lattice. Every dynamide contains a neutral pair of massless point-like (PntLk) contrary elementary electric charges (ElmElcChrgs): electrino $(-)$ and positrino $(+)$. The PntLk ElmElcChrgs of the massless electrino and positrino of some dynamide in the fluctuated vacuum may been excited or deviated by means of some energy, introduced by some photon or other micro particles (MicrPrts). The massless leptons (neutrinos) are neutral long-living solitary spherical vortical oscillation excitations of the uncharged fluctuating vacuum. The massive leptons are charged long-living solitary spherical vortical excitations of its fine spread (FnSpr) elementary electric charge (ElmElcChrg). So-called zitterbewegung is self-consistent strong-correlated vortical harmonic oscillation motion of the FnSpr ElmElcChrg of massive leptons. Different leptons have different self-consistent strong-correlated vortical harmonic oscillation motion of different sizes of their FnSpr ElmElcChrg, which is determined by their Kompton length $\\lambda =\\frac{h}{m C} $, where $m$ is the mass of the massive leptons. At mutual transition of one massive lepton into another massive lepton its PntLk ElmElcChrg move up by dint of weak interaction in the form of the charged intermediate vector meson $W$ from one self-consistent strong-correlated vortical harmonic oscillation motion of one size into another self-consistent strong-correlated vortical harmonic oscillation motion of another size.

Josiph Mladenov Rangelov

2000-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

44

Identifying heavy Higgs bosons  

SciTech Connect

Two techniques for identifying heavy Higgs bosons produced at SSC energies are discussed. In the first, the Higgs boson decays into ZZ, with one Z decaying into an e-pair or ..mu..-pair and the other into a neutrino pair. In the second, the production of the Higgs boson by WW fusion is tagged by detecting the quarks that produced the bremsstrahlung virtual W's. The associated Higgs decay is identified by one leptonic and one hadronic decay. Both methods appear capable of finding a heavy Higgs boson provided the SSC design parameters are achieved. 16 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

Cahn, R.N.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Nuclear PDF for neutrino and charged lepton data  

SciTech Connect

Neutrino Deep Inelastic Scattering (DIS) on nuclei is an essential process to constrain the strange quark parton distribution functions (PDF) in the proton. The critical component on the way to using the neutrino DIS data in a proton PDF analysis is understanding the nuclear effects in parton distribution functions. We parametrize these effects by nuclear parton distribution functions (NPDF). Here we compare results from two analysis of NPDF both done at next-to-leading order in QCD. The first uses neutral current charged-lepton (l{sup {+-}A}) Deeply Inelastic Scattering (DIS) and Drell-Yan data for several nuclear targets and the second uses neutrino-nucleon DIS data. We compare the nuclear corrections factors (F{sub 2}{sup Fe}/F{sub 2}{sup D}) for the charged-lepton data with other results from the literature. In particular, we compare and contrast fits based upon the charged-lepton DIS data with those using neutrino-nucleon DIS data.

Kovarik, K. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, D-76128 (Germany)

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

46

Lepton Photon Symposium 2005: Summary and Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lepton Photon 2005 told the saga of the Standard Model which is still exhilarating because it leaves all questions of consequence unanswered.

Francis Halzen

2005-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

47

Flavour models for TM1 lepton mixing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a framework for lepton flavour models such that the first column of the lepton mixing matrix is (2,-1,-1)/sqrt(6). We show that the flavour symmetry group adequate for this purpose is S4. Our models are based on a vacuum alignment that can be obtained in a supersymmetric framework.

Varzielas, Ivo de Medeiros

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

B to tau Leptonic and Semileptonic Decays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decays of B mesons to states involving {tau} leptons can be used as a tool to search for the effects of new physics, such as those involving a charged Higgs boson. The experimental status of the decays B {yields} {tau}{nu} and B {yields} D{sup (*)}{tau}{nu} is discussed, together with limits on new physics effects from current results. Leptonic and semileptonic decays of B mesons into states involving {tau} leptons remain experimentally challenging, but can prove a useful tool for constraining Standard Model parameters, and also offer to constrain the effects of any new physics that may exist including the presence of a charged Higgs boson.

Barrett, M.; /Brunel U.

2011-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

49

Lepton Flavor Violating Decays - Review & Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Here I review the status and prospects of experimental investigations into lepton flavor violation (LFV) in charged leptons. Rare LFV processes are naturally expected to occur through loops of TeV scale particles predicted by supersymmetric theories or other models beyond the Standard Model. In contrast to physics of quark flavors that is dominated by the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix, LFV in charged leptons is a definitive signal of new physics. Currently active researches are rare tau decay searches at the B factories. The MEG experiment will soon start a sensitive search for the LFV muon decay, mu to e gamma. Prospects for searches at the LHC, a possibility of a fixed target LFV experiment with high energy muons, and a sensitivity of leptonic kaon decays to LFV are also briefly discussed.

Toshinori Mori

2006-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

50

Lepton flavour violating Higgs and tau to mu gamma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We update phenomenological constraints on a Two Higgs Doublet Model with lepton flavour non-conserving Yukawa couplings. We review that $\\tan \\beta$ is ambiguous in such "Type III" models, and define it from the $\\tau$ Yukawa coupling. The neutral scalars $\\phi$ could be searched for at hadron colliders in $ \\phi \\to \\tau \\bar{\\mu}$, and are constrained by the rare decay $\\tau \\to \\mu \\gamma$. The Feynman diagrams for the collider process, with Higgs production via gluon fusion, are similar to the two-loop "Barr-Zee" diagrams which contribute to $\\tau \\to \\mu \\gamma$. Some "tuning" is required to obtain a collider cross-section of order the Standard Model expectation for $\\sigma (gg \\to h_{SM} \\to \\tau^+ \\tau^-)$, while agreeing with the current bound from $\\tau \\to \\mu \\gamma$.

Sacha Davidson; Gerald Grenier

2010-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

51

Exotic Leptons: Higgs, Flavor and Collider Phenomenology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study extensions of the standard model by one generation of vector-like leptons with non-standard hypercharges, which allow for a sizable modification of the h -> gamma gamma decay rate for new lepton masses in the 300 GeV - 1 TeV range. We analyze vaccum stability implications for different hypercharges. Effects in h -> Z gamma are typically much smaller than in h -> gamma gamma, but distinct among the considered hypercharge assignments. Non-standard hypercharges constrain or entirely forbid possible mixing operators with standard model leptons. As a consequence, the leading contributions to the experimentally strongly constrained electric dipole moments of standard model fermions are only generated at the two loop level by the new CP violating sources of the considered setups. We derive the bounds from dipole moments, electro-weak precision observables and lepton flavor violating processes, and discuss their implications. Finally, we examine the production and decay channels of the vector-like leptons at the LHC, and find that signatures with multiple light leptons or taus are already probing interesting regions of parameter space.

Wolfgang Altmannshofer; Martin Bauer; Marcela Carena

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

52

Triangular mass matrices for quarks and leptons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We assume that all quark and lepton $3 \\times 3$ mass matrices which appear in the standard model lagrangian (after spontaneous symmetry breaking) with neutrinos treated as Dirac patricles have the triangular form. Such matrices have not only less non-zero elements (three of them are equal to zero) but also lead to very asymmetrical decomposition into one diagonal and two unitary matrices for quarks and leptons. We also assume that unitary matrices which transform flavor into definite mass states for right handed components (weakly non-interacting) in the same weak isodoublet are equal. Using all available experimental data on quark and lepton masses and mixing angles, treating in the universal way quarks and leptons, we determine the triangular mass matrices for up and down type quarks, neutrinos and charged leptons and as a consequence mixing matrices for left-handed and right handed components. As the result of the fit we get predictions for the neutrino masses including smallest neutrino mass. The calculations without CP violation and with inclusion of this effect in quark sector are also presented.

S. Tatur; J. Bartelski

2006-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

53

Exotic Leptons: Higgs, Flavor and Collider Phenomenology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study extensions of the standard model by one generation of vector-like leptons with non-standard hypercharges, which allow for a sizable modification of the h -> gamma gamma decay rate for new lepton masses in the 300 GeV - 1 TeV range. We analyze vaccum stability implications for different hypercharges. Effects in h -> Z gamma are typically much smaller than in h -> gamma gamma, but distinct among the considered hypercharge assignments. Non-standard hypercharges constrain or entirely forbid possible mixing operators with standard model leptons. As a consequence, the leading contributions to the experimentally strongly constrained electric dipole moments of standard model fermions are only generated at the two loop level by the new CP violating sources of the considered setups. We derive the bounds from dipole moments, electro-weak precision observables and lepton flavor violating processes, and discuss their implications. Finally, we examine the production and decay channels of the vector-like leptons at...

Altmannshofer, Wolfgang; Carena, Marcela

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

The Particle Adventure | What is the world made of? | Lepton...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

quiz Which lepton decays are possible? Why or why not? (A tau lepton decays into an electron, an electron antineutrino, and a tau neutrino.) Answer Yes Charge, tau number,...

55

Limits on tau lepton flavor violating decays in three charged leptons  

SciTech Connect

A search for the neutrinoless, lepton-flavor violating decay of the {tau} lepton into three charged leptons has been performed using an integrated luminosity of 468 fb{sup -1} collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II collider. In all six decay modes considered, the numbers of events found in data are compatible with the background expectations. Upper limits on the branching fractions are set in the range (1.8-3.3) x 10{sup -8} at 90% confidence level.

Cervelli, Alberto

2010-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

56

Flavor Violating Lepton Family U(1)$_\\lambda$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Standard Model is extended minimally with a new flavor-violating family symmetry ${\\rm U(1)}_\\lambda$, which acts only on leptons including the right-handed neutrinos. The model is anomaly free with family-dependent ${\\rm U(1)}_\\lambda$ charges, and consistent with the observed neutrino mixing angles. It predicts charged lepton flavor-violating processes mediated by a new gauge boson. Under certain conditions, the smallness of $\\theta_{13}$ of neutrino mixing can be justified in terms of the muon-to-tau mass ratio, at the same time explaining the electron-to-tau large mass hierarchy.

La, HoSeong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Lepton-Flavor Violation and Physics beyond the Standard Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This talk discusses recent studies of (charged) lepton-flavor violation in physics beyond the standard model.

Junji Hisano

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

58

Spin Polarized Photons and Di-leptons from Axially Charged Plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Axial charge in a QCD plasma is P- and CP-odd. We propose and study P- and CP-odd observables in photon and di-lepton emissions from an axially charged QCD plasma, which may provide possible experimental evidences of axial charge fluctuation and triangle anomaly in the plasma created in heavy-ion collisions. Our observables measure spin alignments of the emitted photons and di-leptons, and are shown to be related to the imaginary part of chiral magnetic conductivity at finite frequency-momentum, which ultimately arises from the underlying triangle anomaly of the QCD plasma with a finite axial charge density. We present an exemplar computation of these observables in strongly coupled regime using AdS/CFT correspondence.

Kiminad A. Mamo; Ho-Ung Yee

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

59

Spin Polarized Photons and Di-leptons from Axially Charged Plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Axial charge in a QCD plasma is P- and CP-odd. We propose and study P- and CP-odd observables in photon and di-lepton emissions from an axially charged QCD plasma, which may provide possible experimental evidences of axial charge fluctuation and triangle anomaly in the plasma created in heavy-ion collisions. Our observables measure spin alignments of the emitted photons and di-leptons, and are shown to be related to the imaginary part of chiral magnetic conductivity at finite frequency-momentum, which ultimately arises from the underlying triangle anomaly of the QCD plasma with a finite axial charge density. We present an exemplar computation of these observables in strongly coupled regime using AdS/CFT correspondence.

Mamo, Kiminad A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Martin Perl and the Tau Lepton  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Martin Perl and the Tau Lepton Martin Perl and the Tau Lepton Resources with Additional Information 'Martin L. Perl, a professor at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), [was] awarded the 1995 Nobel Prize in physics ... for his 1975 discovery of a new elementary particle known as the tau lepton. ... The tau lepton is a superheavy cousin of the electron, the carrier of electrical current in household appliances. The two particles are identical in all respects except that the tau is more than 3,500 times heavier than the electron and survives less than a trillionth of a second, whereas the electron is stable. Martin Perl Courtesy AIP Emilio Segrè Visual Archives, W.F. Meggers Gallery of Nobel Laureates In the mid-1970s, working at the Stanford Positron-Electron Asymmetric Ring (SPEAR) in collaboration with 30 other physicists from SLAC and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Perl began to find events recorded by the detector that could not be explained by any of the known subatomic particles. After more than a year of analysis, Perl was able to convince the rest of his research team that they were in fact observing a new and different type of elementary particle, which he named the 'tau'.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

s025.dvi  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charged Lepton Searches Charged Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITS Charged Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITS Charged Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITS Charged Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITS Sequential Charged Heavy...

62

Test of lepton universality and search for lepton flavor violation in Upsilon(1S,2S,3S) decays at CLEO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the analysis technique and preliminary results of two ongoing analyses at CLEO which put lepton universality and lepton flavor conservation to the test in Upsilon decays.

Istvan Danko; for the CLEO Collaboration

2006-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

63

Flavor Physics Data from the Heavy Flavor Averaging Group (HFAG)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The Heavy Flavor Averaging Group (HFAG) was established at the May 2002 Flavor Physics and CP Violation Conference in Philadelphia, and continues the LEP Heavy Flavor Steering Group's tradition of providing regular updates to the world averages of heavy flavor quantities. Data are provided by six subgroups that each focus on a different set of heavy flavor measurements: B lifetimes and oscillation parameters, Semi-leptonic B decays, Rare B decays, Unitarity triangle parameters, B decays to charm final states, and Charm Physics.

Heavy Flavor Averaging Group (HFAG)

64

Four-Lepton Resonance at the Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A spin-1 weakly interacting vector boson, Z', is predicted by many new physics theories. Searches at colliders for such a Z' resonance typically focus on lepton-antilepton or top-antitop events. Here we present a novel channel with a Z' resonance that decays to 4 leptons, but not to 2 leptons, and discuss its possible discovery at the Large Hadron Collider. This baryonic gauge boson is well motivated in a supersymmetry framework.

Vernon Barger; Hye-Sung Lee

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

65

Higgs Search Constraints on Fourth Generation Scenarios with General Lepton Sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I present a general exclusion bound for the Higgs in fourth generation scenarios with a general lepton sector. Recent Higgs searches in fourth generation scenarios rule out the entire Higgs mass region between 120 and 600 GeV. That such a large range of Higgs masses are excluded is due to the presence of extra heavy flavors of quarks, which substantially increase Higgs production from gluon fusion over the Standard Model rate. However, if heavy fourth generation neutrinos are less than half of the Higgs mass, they can dominate the Higgs decay branching fraction, overtaking the standard Higgs to WW* decay rate. The Higgs mass exclusion in a fourth generation scenario is shown most generally to be 155-600 GeV, and is highly dependent on the fourth generation neutrino mixing parameter.

Linda M. Carpenter

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

66

Searching for new physics in events with three leptons in ATLAS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the potential of the ATLAS detector to discover trilepton final state signatures from decays of supersymmetric particles at the LHC. An inclusive and an exclusive trilepton search have been conducted for a range of different mSUGRA scenarios, in the focus point region, in the bulk region, and at the edge of the current experimental limits on SUSY. It is found that a simple inclusive selection, based on the presence of three leptons and at least one high-$p_T$ jet in the final state, has the potential to be an excellent candidate for an early physics programme at the LHC. The exclusive trilepton selection, optimised for the focus point region, relies on stringent lepton track isolation and also includes cuts on variables such as transverse missing energy and on the hadronic activity in the event. In a heavy SUSY scenario, where all scalar and coloured sparticles may be too heavy to be observed at the LHC, hadronically quiet trilepton final states could be amongst the few accessible channels to d...

Potter, C

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Citation: K. Hagiwara  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Heavy Heavy Neutral Leptons, Searches for (A) Heavy Neutral Leptons (A) Heavy Neutral Leptons (A) Heavy Neutral Leptons (A) Heavy Neutral Leptons Stable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITS Stable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITS Stable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITS Stable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITS Note that LEP results in combination with REUSSER 91 exclude a fourth stable neutrino with m< 2400 GeV. VALUE (GeV) CL% DOCUMENT ID TECN COMMENT >45.0 >45.0 >45.0 >45.0 95 ABREU 92B DLPH Dirac >39.5 >39.5 >39.5 >39.5 95 ABREU 92B DLPH Majorana >44.1 95 ALEXANDER 91F OPAL Dirac >37.2 95 ALEXANDER 91F OPAL Majorana none 3-100 90 SATO 91 KAM2 Kamiokande II >42.8 95 1 ADEVA 90S L3 Dirac >34.8 95 1 ADEVA 90S L3 Majorana >42.7 95 DECAMP 90F ALEP Dirac 1 ADEVA 90S limits for the heavy neutrino apply if the mixing with the charged leptons satisfies U 1 j 2

68

Radiative Transmission of Lepton Flavor Hierarchies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss a one loop model for neutrino masses which leads to a seesaw-like formula with the difference that the charged lepton masses replace the unknown Dirac mass matrix present in the usual seesaw case. This is a considerable reduction of parameters in the neutrino sector and predicts a strong hierarchical pattern in the right handed neutrino mass matrix that is easily derived from a $U(1)_H$ family symmetry. The model is based on the left-right gauge group with an additional $Z_4$ discrete symmetry which gives vanishing neutrino Dirac masses and finite Majorana masses arising at the one loop level. Furthermore, it is one of the few models that naturally allow for large (but not necessarily maximal) mixing angles in the lepton sector. A generalization of the model to the quark sector requires three iso-spin singlet vector-like down type quarks, as in $E_6$. The model predicts an inert doublet type scalar dark matter.

Adisorn Adulpravitchai; Manfred Lindner; Alexander Merle; Rabindra N. Mohapatra

2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

69

Phenomenology of a leptonic goldstino and invisible Higgs boson decays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-linearly realized supersymmetry, combined with the Standard Model field content and SU(3)XSU(2)XU(1) gauge invariance, permits local dimension-six operators involving a goldstino, a lepton doublet and a Higgs doublet. These interactions preserve total lepton number if the left-handed goldstino transforms as an antilepton. We discuss the resulting phenomenology, in the simple limit where the new couplings involve only one lepton family, thus conserving also lepton flavour. Both the Z boson and the Higgs boson can decay into a neutrino and a goldstino: the present limits from the invisible Z width and from other observables leave room for the striking possibility of a Higgs boson decaying dominantly, or at least with a sizable branching ratio, via such an invisible mode. We finally comment on the perspectives at hadron and lepton colliders, and on possible extensions of our analysis.

Ignatios Antoniadis; Marc Tuckmantel; Fabio Zwirner

2004-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

70

s077.dvi  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutral Neutral Leptons, Searches for (A) Heavy Neutral Leptons (A) Heavy Neutral Leptons (A) Heavy Neutral Leptons (A) Heavy Neutral Leptons Stable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITS Stable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITS Stable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITS Stable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITS Note that LEP results in combination with REUSSER 91 exclude a fourth stable neutrino with m< 2400 GeV. VALUE (GeV) CL% DOCUMENT ID TECN COMMENT >45.0 >45.0 >45.0 >45.0 95 ABREU 92B DLPH Dirac >39.5 >39.5 >39.5 >39.5 95 ABREU 92B DLPH Majorana >44.1 95 ALEXANDER 91F OPAL Dirac >37.2 95 ALEXANDER 91F OPAL Majorana none 3-100 90 SATO 91 KAM2 Kamiokande II >42.8 95 1 ADEVA 90S L3 Dirac >34.8 95 1 ADEVA 90S L3 Majorana >42.7 95 DECAMP 90F ALEP Dirac 1 ADEVA 90S limits for the heavy neutrino apply if the mixing with the charged leptons satisfies U 1 j 2 + U 2

71

Staggered Chiral Perturbation Theory for All-Staggered Heavy-Light Mesons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In HISQ simulations by the MILC and Fermilab Lattice collaborations, both the light quarks and the charm quark are staggered. We extend staggered chiral perturbation theory (\\schpt) to include such all-staggered heavy-light mesons. We assume that the heavy quark action is sufficiently improved that we may take $a m_Q >\\Lambda_{QCD}$ so that a continuum heavy quark expansion is appropriate. Using this \\schpt, the leptonic decay constant of the heavy-light meson is calculated at next-to-leading-order. The pattern of taste splittings in the heavy-light meson masses is also investigated.

Javad Komijani; Claude Bernard

2012-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

72

Electronic branching ratio of the. tau. lepton  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using data accumulated by the CLEO I detector operating at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring, we have measured the ratio {ital R}={Gamma}({tau}{r arrow}{ital e}{bar {nu}}{sub {ital e}}{nu}{sub {tau}})/{Gamma}{sub 1}, where {Gamma}{sub 1} is the {tau} decay rate to final states with one charged particle. We find {ital R}=0.2231{plus minus}0.0044{plus minus}0.0073 where the first error is statistical and the second is systematic. Together with the measured topological one-charged-particle branching fraction, this yields the branching fraction of the {tau} lepton to electrons, {ital B}{sub {ital e}}=0.192{plus minus}0.004{plus minus}0.006.

Ammar, R.; Baringer, P.; Coppage, D.; Davis, R.; Kelly, M.; Kwak, N.; Lam, H.; Ro, S.; Kubota, Y.; Lattery, M.; Nelson, J.K.; Perticone, D.; Poling, R.; Schrenk, S.; Wang, R.; Alam, M.S.; Kim, I.J.; Nemati, B.; Romero, V.; Sun, C.R.; Wang, P.; Zoeller, M.M.; Crawford, G.; Fulton, R.; Gan, K.K.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Lee, J.; Malchow, R.; Morrow, F.; Sung, M.K.; Whitmore, J.; Wilson, P.; Butler, F.; Fu, X.; Kalbfleisch, G.; Lambrecht, M.; Skubic, P.; Snow, J.; Wang, P.; Bortoletto, D.; Brown, D.N.; Dominick, J.; McIlwain, R.L.; Miller, D.H.; Modesitt, M.; Shibata, E.I.; Schaffner, S.F.; Shipsey, I.P.J.; Battle, M.; Ernst, J.; Kroha, H.; Roberts, S.; Sparks, K.; Thorndike, E.H.; Wang, C.; Stroynowski, R.; Artuso, M.; Goldberg, M.; Haupt, T.; Horwitz, N.; Kennett, R.; Moneti, G.C.; Playfer, S.; Rozen, Y.; Rubin, P.; Skwarnicki, T.; Stone, S.; Thulasidas, M.; Yao, W.; Zhu, G.; Barnes, A.V.; Bartelt, J.; Csorna, S.E.; Jain, V.; Letson, T.; Mestayer, M.D.; Akerib, D.S.; Barish, B.; Chadha, M.; (CLEO Collaboration)

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

s077.dvi  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Heavy Heavy Neutral Leptons, Searches for NODE=S077 (A) Heavy Neutral Leptons (A) Heavy Neutral Leptons (A) Heavy Neutral Leptons (A) Heavy Neutral Leptons NODE=S077245 Stable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITS Stable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITS Stable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITS Stable Neutral Heavy Lepton MASS LIMITS NODE=S077340 Note that LEP results in combination with REUSSER 91 exclude a fourth NODE=S077340 stable neutrino with m< 2400 GeV. NODE=S077MNS;CHECK LIMITS VALUE (GeV) CL% DOCUMENT ID TECN COMMENT >45.0 >45.0 >45.0 >45.0 95 ABREU 92B DLPH Dirac OCCUR=2 >39.5 >39.5 >39.5 >39.5 95 ABREU 92B DLPH Majorana >44.1 95 ALEXANDER 91F OPAL Dirac OCCUR=2 >37.2 95 ALEXANDER 91F OPAL Majorana none 3-100 90 SATO 91 KAM2 Kamiokande II >42.8 95 1 ADEVA 90S L3 Dirac OCCUR=2 >34.8 95 1 ADEVA 90S L3 Majorana >42.7 95 DECAMP 90F ALEP Dirac

74

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Lepton-Photon Conference...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

was still the biggest news at this year's Lepton-Photon: the discovery of a Higgs boson at CERN's Large Hadron Collider. Progress has been made in the past year: The new...

75

Phenomenological constraints on minimally coupled exotic lepton triplets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By introducing a set of new triplet leptons (with nonzero hypercharge) that can Yukawa couple to their standard model counterparts, new sources of tree-level flavor changing currents are induced via mixing. In this work, we study some of the consequences of such new contributions on processes such as the leptonic decays of gauge bosons, l{yields}3l{sup '} and l{yields}l{sup '{gamma}}, which violate lepton flavor, and {mu}-e conversion in atomic nuclei. Constraints are then placed on the parameters associated with the exotic triplets by invoking the current low-energy experimental data. Moreover, the new physics contribution to the lepton anomalous magnetic moments is calculated.

Chua, Chun-Khiang; Law, Sandy S. C. [Department of Physics, Chung Yuan Christian University, Chung-Li, Taiwan 320 (China)

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Lepton flavor violating Higgs bosons and {tau}{yields}{mu}{gamma}  

SciTech Connect

We update phenomenological constraints on a two Higgs doublet model with lepton flavor nonconserving Yukawa couplings. We review that tan{beta} is ambiguous in such 'type III' models, and define it from the {tau} Yukawa coupling. The neutral scalars {phi} could be searched for at hadron colliders in {phi}{yields}{tau}{mu} and are constrained by the rare decay {tau}{yields}{mu}{gamma}. The Feynman diagrams for the collider process, with Higgs production via gluon fusion, are similar to the two-loop ''Barr-Zee'' diagrams, which contribute to {tau}{yields}{mu}{gamma}. Some ''tuning'' is required to obtain a collider cross section of order the standard model expectation for {sigma}(gg{yields}h{sub SM{yields}{tau}}{sup +{tau}-}), while agreeing with the current bound from {tau}{yields}{mu}{gamma}.

Davidson, Sacha; Grenier, Gerald [IPNL, Universite de Lyon, Universite Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, 4 rue E. Fermi 69622 Villeurbanne cedex (France)

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Light Vector Meson Photoproduction off of H at Jefferson Lab and rho-omega Interference in the Leptonic Decay Channel  

SciTech Connect

Recent studies of light vector meson production in heavy nuclear targets has generated interest in {rho}-{omega} interference in the leptonic e{sup +}e{sup -} decay channel. An experimental study of the elementary process provides valuable input for theoretical models and calculations. In experiment E04-005 (g12), high statistics photoproduction data has been taken in Jefferson Lab's Hall B with the Cebaf Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS). The invariant mass spectrum is fitted with two interfering relativistic Breit-Wigner functions to determine the interference phase. Preliminary analysis indicate a measurable {rho}-{omega} interference.

Chaden Djalali

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

The small mixing angle {theta}13 and the lepton asymmetry  

SciTech Connect

We present the correlation of low energy CP phases, and the lepton asymmetry for the baryon asymmetry in the universe, for cases in which the amount of the lepton asymmetry YL turns out to be proportional to {theta}{sub 13}{sup 2}, considering the constraint between two types of CP phases and the relation of YL versus the Jarlskog invariant or the amplitude of neutrinoless double beta decay as {theta}13 varies.

Lee, Song-Haeng; Siyeon, Kim [Department of Physics, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 156-756 (Korea, Republic of)

2005-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

79

The Anomalous Magnetic Moment of the Muon and Higgs-Mediated Flavor Changing Neutral Currents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the two-Higgs doublet extension of the standard model, flavor-changing neutral couplings arise naturally. In the lepton sector, the largest such coupling is expected to be $\\mu-\\tau-\\phi#. We consider the effects of this coupling on the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon. The resulting bound on the coupling, unlike previous bounds, is independent of the value of other unknown couplings. It will be significantly improved by the upcoming E821 experiment at Brookhaven National Lab.

Shuquan Nie; Marc Sher

1998-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

80

Synchrotron radiation by fast fermions in heavy-ion collisions  

SciTech Connect

We study the synchrotron radiation of gluons by fast quarks in strong magnetic field produced by colliding relativistic heavy ions. We argue that due to high electric conductivity of plasma, the magnetic field is almost constant during the entire plasma lifetime. We calculate the energy loss due to synchrotron radiation of gluons by fast quarks. We find that the typical energy loss per unit length for a light quark at the Large Hadron Collider is a few GeV per fm. This effect alone predicts quenching of jets with p{sub perpendicular} up to about 20 GeV. We also show that the spin-flip transition effect accompanying the synchrotron radiation leads to a strong polarization of quarks and leptons with respect to the direction of the magnetic field. Observation of the lepton polarization may provide a direct evidence of existence of strong magnetic field in heavy-ion collisions.

Tuchin, Kirill [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States) and RIKEN BNL Research Center, Upton, New York 11973-5000 (United States)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

INTENSE NEUTRINO BEAMS AND LEPTONIC CP VIOLATION.  

SciTech Connect

Effects of the Leptonic CP violating phase, {delta}, on 3 generation neutrino oscillation rates and asymmetries are discussed. A figure of merit argument is used to show that our ability to measure the phase 6 is rather insensitive to the value of {theta}{sub 13} (for sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub 13} {approx}> 0.01) as well as the detector distance (for very long oscillation baselines). Using a study of {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} oscillations for BNL-Homestake (2540 km) we show that a conventional horn focused wide band neutrino beam generated by an intense 1-2 MW proton source combined with a very large water Cherenkov detector (250-500 kton) should be able to determine {delta} to about {+-}15{sup o} in 5 x 10{sup 7} sec. of running. In addition, such an effort would also measure the other oscillation parameters ({theta}{sub ij}, {Delta}m{sub ij}{sup 2}) with high precision. Similar findings apply to a Fermilab-Homestake (1280 km) baseline. We also briefly discuss features of Superbeams, Neutrino Factories and Beta-Beams.

MARCIANO, W.; PARSA, Z.

2006-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

82

Two Higgs Pair Heterotic Vacua and Flavor-Changing Neutral Currents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a vacuum of heterotic M-theory whose observable sector has the MSSM spectrum with the addition of one extra pair of Higgs-Higgs conjugate superfields. The quarks/leptons have a realistic mass hierarchy with a naturally light first family. The double elliptic structure of the Calabi-Yau compactification threefold leads to two ``stringy'' selection rules. These classically disallow Yukawa couplings to the second Higgs pair and, hence, Higgs mediated flavor-changing neutral currents. Such currents are induced in higher-dimensional interactions, but are naturally suppressed. We show that our results fit comfortably below the observed upper bounds on neutral flavor-changing processes.

Michael Ambroso; Volker Braun; Burt A. Ovrut

2008-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

83

Search for heavy vector-like quarks coupling to light quarks in proton-proton collisions at root s=7 TeV with the ATLAS detector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Letter presents a search for singly produced vector-like quarks, Q, coupling to light quarks, q. The search is sensitive to both charged current (CC) and neutral current (NC) processes, pp {yields} Qq {yields} Wqq{prime} and pp {yields} Qq {yields} Zqq{prime} with a leptonic decay of the vector gauge boson. In 1.04 fb{sup -1} of data taken in 2011 by the ATLAS experiment at a center-of-mass energy {radical}s = 7 TeV, no evidence of such heavy vector-like quarks is observed above the expected Standard Model background. Limits on the heavy vector-like quark production cross section times branching ratio as a function of mass m{sub Q} are obtained. For a coupling {kappa}{sub qQ} = v/m{sub Q}, where v is the Higgs vacuum expectation value, 95% C.L. lower limits on the mass of a vector-like quark are set at 900 GeV and 760 GeV from CC and NC processes, respectively.

Aad G.; Abbott, B.; Abdallah, J.; Khalek, S. Abdel; Abdelalim, A. A.; Abdesselam, A.; Abdinov, O.; Abi, B.; Abolins, M.; AbouZeid, O. S. s; Abramowicz, H.; Abreu, H.; Acerbi, E.; Acharya, B. S.; Adamczyk, L.; Adams, D. L.; Addy, T. N.; Adelman, J.; et al.

2012-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

84

A Search for Neutrinoless Tau Decays to Three Leptons  

SciTech Connect

Using approximately 350 million {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} pair events recorded with the BaBar detector at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center between 1999 and 2006, a search has been made for neutrinoless, lepton-flavor violating tau decays to three lighter leptons. All six decay modes consistent with conservation of electric charge and energy have been considered. With signal selection efficiencies of 5-12%, we obtain 90% confidence level upper limits on the branching fraction {Beta}({tau} {yields} {ell}{ell}{ell}) in the range (4-8) x 10{sup -8}.

Kolb, Jeffrey A.; /Oregon U. /SLAC

2008-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

85

The Neutral Medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the physical conditions of the neutral medium within, and in the environments of, galaxies. The basic physical and morphological properties of the neutral medium within galaxy disks are now quite well-constrained. Systematic variations in temperature and phase-balance (of cool versus warm neutral gas) are indicated as a function of both radius and z-height. Interestingly, the cool medium line-widths are observed to be dominated by turbulent energy injection within cells of 10 pc to 1 kpc size. Deep new observations reveal that 5-10% of the neutral medium is associated within an extended halo which rotates more slowly and experiences radial inflow. Much of this component is likely to be associated with a ``galactic fountain'' type of phenomenon. However, compelling evidence is also accumulating for the importance of tidal disruption of satellites as well as continuous accretion (of both diffuse and discrete components) in fueling galaxy halos and disks. Continued fueling is even observed on scales of 100's of kpc in galaxy environments, where the neutral component is likely to be merely a trace constituent of a highly ionized plasma.

Robert Braun

2005-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

86

Precision Measurements of Tau Lepton Decays  

SciTech Connect

Using data collected with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II electron-positron storage ring operating at a center-of-mass energy near 10.58 GeV, the branching fractions {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (8.83 {+-} 0.01 {+-} 0.13)%, {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (0.273 {+-} 0.002 {+-} 0.009)%, {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (0.1346 {+-} 0.0010 {+-} 0.0036)%, and {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}K{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (1.58 {+-} 0.13 {+-} 0.12) x 10{sup -5} are measured where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. The invariant mass distribution for the {tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}}, {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}K{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} decays are unfolded to correct for detector effects. A measurement of {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {phi}{pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (3.42 {+-} 0.55 {+-} 0.25) x 10{sup -5}, a measurement of {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {phi}K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (3.39 {+-} 0.20 {+-} 0.28) x 10{sup -5} and an upper limit on {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}K{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}}[ex.{phi}]) {le} 2.5 x 10{sup -6} {at} 905 CL are determined from a binned maximum likelihood fit of the {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}K{sup -}K{sup +}{nu}{sub {tau}} K{sup +}K{sup -} invariant mass distributions. The branching ratio {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}) is measured to be (6.531 {+-} 0.056 {+-} 0.093) x 10{sup -2} from which |V{sub us}| is determined to be 0.2255 {+-} 0.0023. The branching ratio {Beta}/({tau}{sup -} {yields} {mu}{nu}{sub {tau}}{bar {nu}}{sub {mu}})/{Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} e{sup -} {nu}{sub {tau}}{bar {nu}}{sub e}) = (9.796 {+-} 0.016 {+-} 0.035) x 10{sup -1} is measured enabling a precision test of the Standard Model assumption of charged current lepton universality, g{sub {mu}}/g{sub e} = 1.0036 {+-} 0.0020. The branching ratios {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} e{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}{bar {nu}}{sub e}) = (3.882 {+-} 0.032 {+-} 0.057) x 10{sup -2}, and {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} e{nu}{sub {tau}}{bar {nu}}{sub e}) = (5.9545 {+-} 0.014 {+-} 0.061) x 10{sup -1} are measured which provide additional tests of charged current lepton universality, (g{sub {tau}}/g{sub {mu}}){sub {pi}} = 0.9856 {+-} 0.0057 and (g{sub {tau}}/g{sub {mu}}){sub K} = 0.9827 {+-} 0.0086 which can be combined to give (g{sub {tau}}/g{sub {mu}}){sub {pi}/K} = 0.9850 {+-} 0.0054. Any deviation of these measurements from the expected Standard Model values would be an indication of new physics.

Nugent, Ian M.; /Victoria U.

2010-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

87

Heavy Oil Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Select Reports from Heavy Oil Projects Project Number Performer Title Heavy Oil Recovery US (NIPERBDM-0225) BDM-Oklahoma, Inc. Feasibility Study of Heavy Oil Recovery in the...

88

A Lepton Universality Test at CERN NA62 Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The NA62 experiment at CERN collected a large sample of K+ --> enu decays during a dedicated run in 2007, aiming at a precise test of lepton universality by measurement of the helicity suppressed ratio RK = BR(K+ --> enu)/BR(K+ --> munu). A preliminary result of the analysis of a partial data sample of 51089 K+ --> enu candidates is presented.

Evgueni Goudzovski

2010-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

89

CP Violation for Leptons at Higher Energy Scales  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The phase convention independent measure of CP violation for three generations of leptons is evaluated at different energy scales. Unlike in the quark sector, this quantity does not vary much between the weak and the grand unification scales. The behavior of the measure of CP violation in the Standard Model is found to be different from that in the extensions of the Standard Model.

Cheng-Wei Chiang

2000-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

CP Violation for Leptons at Higher Energy Scales  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The phase convention independent measure of CP violation for three generations of leptons is evaluated at different energy scales. Unlike in the quark sector, this quantity does not vary much between the weak and the grand unification scales. The behavior of the measure of CP violation in the Standard Model is found to be different from that in the extensions of the Standard Model.

Chiang, C W

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Hadronic decays of the tau lepton: Theoretical outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The structure of the form factors stemmed from the hadronization of QCD currents in the energy region of the resonances can be explored through the analyses of exclusive hadronic decays of the tau lepton. I give a short review on the later theoretical progress achieved in the description of experimental data.

J. Portoles

2007-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

92

Inclusive neutral particle production  

SciTech Connect

Results of recent inclusive neutral particle production experiments are compared to existing experimental results. These experiments range from 15 to 2000 GeV/c in laboratory beam momentum and use $pi$$sup -$, $pi$$sup +$, p and anti p beams. (auth)

Kahn, S.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

The Particle Adventure | What is the world made of? | Lepton type  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

type conservation type conservation Lepton type conservation Leptons are divided into three lepton families: the electron and its neutrino, the muon and its neutrino, and the tau and its neutrino. We use the terms "electron number," "muon number," and "tau number" to refer to the lepton family of a particle. Electrons and their neutrinos have electron number +1, positrons and their antineutrinos have electron number -1, and all other particles have electron number 0. Muon number and tau number operate analogously with the other two lepton families. One important thing about leptons, then, is that electron number, muon number, and tau number are always conserved when a massive lepton decays into smaller ones. Let's take an example decay.

94

Neutral particle beam intensity controller  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A neutral beam intensity controller is provided for a neutral beam generator in which a neutral beam is established by accelerating ions from an ion source into a gas neutralizer. An amplitude modulated, rotating magnetic field is applied to the accelerated ion beam in the gas neutralizer to defocus the resultant neutral beam in a controlled manner to achieve intensity control of the neutral beam along the beam axis at constant beam energy. The rotating magnetic field alters the orbits of ions in the gas neutralizer before they are neutralized, thereby controlling the fraction of neutral particles transmitted out of the neutralizer along the central beam axis to a fusion device or the like. The altered path or defocused neutral particles are sprayed onto an actively cooled beam dump disposed perpendicular to the neutral beam axis and having a central open for passage of the focused beam at the central axis of the beamline. Virtually zero therough 100% intensity control is achieved by varying the magnetic field strength without altering the ion source beam intensity or its species yield.

Dagenhart, William K. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Neutral particle beam intensity controller  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The neutral beam intensity controller is based on selected magnetic defocusing of the ion beam prior to neutralization. The defocused portion of the beam is dumped onto a beam dump disposed perpendicular to the beam axis. Selective defocusing is accomplished by means of a magnetic field generator disposed about the neutralizer so that the field is transverse to the beam axis. The magnetic field intensity is varied to provide the selected partial beam defocusing of the ions prior to neutralization. The desired focused neutral beam portion passes along the beam path through a defining aperture in the beam dump, thereby controlling the desired fraction of neutral particles transmitted to a utilization device without altering the kinetic energy level of the desired neutral particle fraction. By proper selection of the magnetic field intensity, virtually zero through 100% intensity control of the neutral beam is achieved.

Dagenhart, W.K.

1984-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

96

Antihypertensive neutral lipid  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to the discovery of a class of neutral acetylated ether-linked glycerolipids having the capacity to lower blood pressure in warm-blooded animals. This physiological effect is structure sensitive requiring a long chain alkyl group at the sn-1 position and a short carbon chain acyl group (acetyl or propionyl) at the sn-2 position, and a hydroxyl group at the sn-3 position.

Snyder, Fred L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Blank, Merle L. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Citation: J. Beringer et al. (Particle Data Group), PR D86, 010001 (2012) (URL: http://pdg.lbl.gov) Heavy Bosons Other Than  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://pdg.lbl.gov) Heavy Bosons Other Than Higgs Bosons, Searches for We list here various limits on charged and neutral heavy vector bosons (other than W 's and Z's), heavy scalar bosons (other than Higgs bosons), vector Searches" reviews. CONTENTS:CONTENTS:CONTENTS:CONTENTS: Mass Limits for W (Heavy Charged Vector Boson

98

Neutral transport in a plasma  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A solution procedure for the neutral transport equation in plasma slab geometry is developed. Half-angle scalar fluxes, currents and averaged cross sections are introduced to provide a convenient and simple method of calculating the neutral energy distribution as an adjunct to the neutral density calculation. A forward-backward sweep numerical solution procedure, which avoids matrix inversion, is outlined.

Stacey, W.M. Jr.

1977-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

A Zip-code for Quarks, Leptons and Higgs Bosons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The location of matter fields and the pattern of gauge symmetry in extra dimensions are crucial ingredients for string model building. We analyze realistic MSSM models from the heterotic Z6 Mini-Landscape and extract those properties that are vital for their success. We find that Higgs bosons and the top quark are not localized in extra dimensions and live in the full D=10 dimensional space-time. The first two families of quarks and leptons, however, live at specific fixed points in extra dimensional space and exhibit a (discrete) family symmetry. Within a newly constructed Z2XZ4 orbifold framework we further elaborate on these location properties and the appearance of discrete symmetries. A similar geometrical picture emerges. This particular Zip-code for quarks, leptons and Higgs bosons seems to be of more general validity and thus a useful guideline for realistic model building in string theory.

Damian Kaloni Mayorga Pena; Hans Peter Nilles; Paul-Konstantin Oehlmann

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

100

Search for Charged Lepton Violation in Narrow Upsilon Decays  

SciTech Connect

Charged lepton flavor violating processes are unobservable in the standard model, but they are predicted to be enhanced in several extensions to the standard model, including supersymmetry and models with leptoquarks or compositeness. We present a search for such processes in a sample of 99 x 10{sup 6} {Upsilon}(2S) decays and 117 x 10{sup 6} {Upsilon}(3S) decays collected with the BABAR detector. We place upper limits on the branching fractions {Beta}({Upsilon}(nS) {yields} e{sup {+-}}{tau}{sup {-+}}) and {Beta}({Upsilon}(nS) {yields} {mu}{sup {+-}}{tau}{sup {-+}}) (n = 2, 3) at the 10{sup -6} level and use these results to place lower limits of order 1 TeV on the mass scale of charged lepton flavor violating effective operators.

Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Hooberman, B.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; Tanabe, T.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley; Hawkes, C.M.; /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /Columbus Supercond., Genova /INFN, Genoa /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /Consorzio Milano Ricerche /INFN, Milan /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Napoli Seconda U. /INFN, Naples /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /Paris U., VI-VII /Perugia U. /INFN, Perugia /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /Turin U. /INFN, Turin /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Valencia U., IFIC /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Snowmass White Paper CMS Upgrade: Forward Lepton-Photon System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This White Paper outlines a proposal for an upgraded forward region to extend CMS lepton (e, mu) and photon physics reach out to 2.2

Bilki, Burak; Onel, Yasar; Winn, David R; Yetkin, Taylan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Search for the Lepton-Number-Violating Decay $?^- \\to p ?^- ?^-$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A sensitive search for the lepton-number-violating decay $\\Xi^-\\to p \\mu^-\\mu^-$ has been performed using a sample of $\\sim10^9$ $\\Xi^-$ hyperons produced in 800 GeV/$c$ $p$-Cu collisions. We obtain $\\mathcal{B}(\\Xi^-\\to p \\mu^-\\mu^-)< 4.0\\times 10^{-8}$ at 90% confidence, improving on the best previous limit by four orders of magnitude.

HyperCP Collaboration; D. Rajaram; R. A. Burnstein; A. Chakravorty; Y. C. Chen; W. -S. Choong; K. Clark; E. C. Dukes; C. Durandet; J. Felix; Y. Fu; G. Gidal; H. R. Gustafson; T. Holmstrom; M. Huang; C. James; C. M. Jenkins; T. D. Jones; D. M. Kaplan; M. J. Longo; L. C. Lu; W. Luebke; K. -B. Luk; K. S. Nelson; H. K. Park; J. -P. Perroud; H. A. Rubin; J. Volk; C. G. White; S. L. White; P. Zyla

2005-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

103

MEASURING LEPTONIC CP VIOLATION WITH A WATER CERENKOV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this talk, we present the physics case for a megaton Water Cerenkov detector in addressing some of the still pending questions in neutrino oscillations physics, particularly the measurement of leptonic CP violation. We compare different future beams that could profit from a water detector and analyse, for the case ?13 ? 3 ? (the limit that can be reached by under-construction experiments), the signal-to-background rate for a ?-beam setup with the radioactive ions accelerated to ? = 350. 1

E. Couce

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Electroweak Penguin and Leptonic Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect

Recent BABAR results on electroweak penguin and leptonic decays are reviewed. In particular, the measurements of B {yields} K{sup (*)}l{sup +}l{sup -} and the preliminary results on B {yields} X{sub s}l{sup +}l{sup -} are presented. Also summarized are the preliminary limits on B{sup +} {yields} l{sup +}{nu} (l = e,{mu}) and B{sup +} {yields} K{sup +}{nu}{bar {nu}}.

Bucci, F.; /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

105

Scaling quark gluon plasma by HBT interferometry with lepton pairs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the intensity interferometry with lepton pairs for nuclear collisions at RHIC and LHC energies. It is argued that the invariant mass dependence of HBT radii extracted from the correlation functions of dilepton pairs can be used as an efficient tool to scale the size and life time of the quark gluon plasma expected to be formed in nuclear collisions at RHIC and LHC. Quantitatively different magnitudes of HBT radii are obtained at RHIC and LHC indicating stronger radial flow at LHC.

Payal Mohanty; Jan-e Alam

2012-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

106

A "Muon Mass Tree" with alpha-quantized Lepton, Quark and Hadron Masses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A "muon mass tree" is displayed that contains the excitation systematics for accurately reproducing the masses of the six Standard Model quarks (u,d,s,c,b,t); the heavy leptons; the proton; the phi, J/Psi and Upsilon vector meson thrshold states; the Bc meson; and the mass-averaged W and Z gauge bosons, using a unified mass formalism based on the electron ground state. Multiples of an alpha-quantized 105.04 MeV fermion mass quantum reproduce the states below 12 GeV, and multiples of a doubly-alpha-quantized 14,394 Mev fermion mass quantum reproduce the W-Z and t states above 12 GeV, where alpha ~ 1/137 is the fine structure constant. Masses are additive, and the overall mass accuracy for these states is in the 1% range. A similar "pion mass tree" based on an alpha-quantized 70.03 MeV boson mass quantum accurately reproduces the pseudoscalar meson masses. The mass alpha-quantization follows from a corresponding experimental alpha-spacing of the long-lived particle lifetimes, which occur in well-defined lifetime groups that are each determined by a dominant Standard Model quark substate.

Malcolm H. Mac Gregor

2006-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

107

Chiral Perturbation Theory for All-Staggered Heavy-Light Mesons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In highly improved staggered quark (HISQ) simulations by the HPQCD, MILC, and Fermilab Lattice collaborations, both the light quarks and the charm quark are staggered. We extend chiral perturbation theory for staggered quarks to include such all-staggered heavy-light mesons. We assume that the heavy quark action is sufficiently improved that we may take $a m_Q >\\Lambda_{QCD}$ so that a continuum heavy quark expansion is appropriate. We develop this effective chiral theory through next-to-leading order, and use it to study the pattern of taste splittings in the heavy-light meson and to compute the leptonic decay constant of the heavy-light meson to one-loop in the chiral expansion.

Claude Bernard; Javad Komijani

2013-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

108

Creation of neutral fundamental particles in the Weyl-Dirac version of Wesson's IMT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spherically symmetric entities filled with matter induced by the 5D Bulk may be built in the empty 4D space-time. The substance of the entity, the latter regarded as a fundamental particle, is characterized by the prematter equ. of state P=-rho. the particle is coverede by a Schwarzschild-like envelope and from the outside it is characterized by mass and radius. One regard these entities as neutral fundamental particles being constituents of quarks and leptons. The presented classical models are developed in the framwork of the Weyl-Dirac version of Wesson's IMT.

Mark Israelit

2007-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

109

Generation, transport and focusing of high-brightness heavy ion beams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Neutralized Transport Experiment (NTX) has been built at the Heavy Ion Fusion Virtual National Laboratory. NTX is the first successful integrated beam system experiment that explores various physical phenomena, and ...

Henestroza, Enrique

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Charged heavy vector boson production at the Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We evaluate the sensitivity of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) to charged heavy vector boson production followed by their decays to $W^\\pm Z^0$. We include the correlated decays of the gauge bosons to leptonic final states. With an integrated luminosity of $10^5$ pb$^{-1}$, charged technirhos in the minimal SU(N)$_{TC}$ model for $N\\geq 7$ yield signals with a significance larger than 5. In more general models, we explore the range of parameter space to which LHC experiments will be sensitive. Rapidity correlations exhibiting enhanced longitudinal gauge boson pair production are also shown.

Dal Soo Oh; M. H. Reno

1998-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

111

Preliminary measurement of time-dependent B{sub d}{sup 0}-B{sub d}{sup 0} mixing using topology and charge selected semi-leptonic B decays  

SciTech Connect

The time dependence of B{sub d}{sup 0}-B{sub d}{sup 0} mixing has been measured using a sample of 150,000 hadronic Z{sup 0} decays collected by the SLD experiment at the SLC between 1993 and 1995. The analysis identifies the semileptonic decays of B mesons with high (p, p{sub t}) leptons and reconstructs the B meson decay length and charge by vertexing the lepton with a partially reconstructed D meson. Vertex charge is used to enrich the selection of neutral over charged B mesons. This method results in a sample of 581 neutral decays with high charge purity. The B candidate is tagged at production with a combined tag that exploits the large polarized b forward-backward asymmetry in conjunction with the opposite hemisphere b jet charge. The final state is tagged by the sign of the high (p, p{sub t}) lepton. From their preliminary analysis the authors find a mass difference between the two B{sub d}{sup 0} mass eigenstates of, {Delta}m{sub d} = 0.452 {+-} 0.074(stat) {+-} 0.049(syst) ps{sup {minus}1}.

NONE

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Calorimetry for Lepton Collider Experiments - CALICE results and activities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The CALICE collaboration conducts calorimeter R&D for highly granular calorimeters, mainly for their application in detectors for a future lepton collider at the TeV scale. The activities ranges from generic R&D with small devices up to extensive beam tests with prototypes comprising up to several 100000 calorimeter cells. CALICE has validated the performance of particle flow algorithms with test beam data and delivers the proof of principle that highly granular calorimeters can be built, operated and understood. The successes achieved in the past years allows the step from prototypes to calorimeter systems for particle physics detectors to be addressed.

The CALICE Collaboration

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

113

Searches for Leptonic B Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect

Measurements of the branching fractions of purely leptonic decays of B-mesons translate into constraints in the plane of the charged Higgs mass versus tan {beta} which are relatively insensitive to the particular theoretical model. Using the full BABAR dataset of 450 million B-decays we search for these decays. No significant signal is found in the decays into electrons or muons and we set upper limits on the branching fractions of the order of a 10{sup -6} at 90% confidence level. We measure the branching fraction of B {yields} {tau}{mu} to be (1.7 {+-} 0.6) x 10{sup -4}.

Nelson, Silke; /SLAC

2012-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

114

Search for the Rare Leptonic Decays B^+ \\to l^+ \  

SciTech Connect

We have performed a search for the rare leptonic decays B{sup +} {yields} {ell}{sup +} {nu}{sub {ell}}({ell} = e,{mu}), using data collected at the ?(4S) resonance by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II storage ring. In a sample of 468 x 10{sup 6} B{bar B} pairs we find no evidence for a signal and set an upper limit on the branching fractions B(B{sup +} {yields} e{sup +}{nu}{sub e}) < 1.9 x 10{sup -6} at the 90% confidence level, using a Bayesian approach.

Aubert, B.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT, LNS /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Mt. Holyoke Coll. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /Pennsylvania U. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DSM, DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U., IFIC /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2009-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

115

Measuring Leptonic CP Violation with a Water Cerenkov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this talk, we present the physics case for a megaton Water Cerenkov detector in addressing some of the still pending questions in neutrino oscillations physics, particularly the measurement of leptonic CP violation. We compare different future beams that could profit from a water detector and analyse, for the case $\\theta_{13} \\approx 3^\\circ$ (the limit that can be reached by under-construction experiments), the signal-to-background rate for a $\\beta$-beam setup with the radioactive ions accelerated to $\\gamma = 350$.

E. Couce

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

NEUTRAL-BEAM INJECTION  

SciTech Connect

The emphasis in the preceding chapters has been on magnetic confinement of high temperature plasmas. The question of production and heating of such plasmas has been dealt with relatively more briefly. It should not be inferred, however, that these matters must therefore be either trivial or unimportant. A review of the history reveals that in the early days all these aspects of the controlled fusion problem were considered to be on a par, and were tackled simultaneously and with equal vigor. Only the confinement problem turned out to be much more complex than initially anticipated, and richer in challenge to the plasma physicist than the questions of plasma production and heating. On the other hand, the properties of high-temperature plasmas and plasma confinement can only be studied experimentally after the problems of production and of heating to adequate temperatures are solved. It is the purpose of this and the next chapter to supplement the preceding discussions with more detail on two important subjects: neutral-beam injection and radio-frequency heating. These are the major contenders for heating in present and future tokamak and mirror fusion experiments, and even in several proposed reactors. For neutral beams we emphasize here the technology involved, which has undergone a rather remarkable development. The physics of particle and energy deposition in the plasma, and the discussion of the resulting effects on the confined plasma, have been included in previous chapters, and some experimental results are quoted there. Other heating processes of relevance to fusion are mentioned elsewhere in this book, in connection with the experiments where they are used: i.e. ohmic heating, adiabatic compression heating, and alpha-particle heating in Chapter 3 by H.P. Furth; more ohmic heating in Chapter 7, and shock-implosion heating, laser heating, and relativistic-electron beam heating in Chapter 8, both by W. E. Quinn. These methods are relatively straightforward in their physics and their technology, or in any case they are considered to be adequately covered by these other authors.

Kunkel, W.B.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

The pair production of Charged and Neutral Higgs bosons in W and Z gauge boson fusion process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the signatures of a two Higgs doublet model of Davidson and Logan. The model includes an extra Higgs doublet with the vacuum expectation value (VEV) much smaller than the one of the standard model like Higgs. The smaller VEV is related to the origin of the small neutrino mass in the two Higgs doublet model. In the model, a single non-standard model like Higgs production of weak gauge boson fusion is suppressed due to the smallness of the vacuum expectation value. In contrast to the single Higgs production, the cross section of the Higgs pair production due to gauge boson fusion is not suppressed. Using the model, we compute the charged Higgs and neutral Higgs pair production cross section in W Z annihilation channel. In the two Higgs doublet model, the charged Higgs H^+ decays into a pair of the charged anti-lepton and right-handed neutrino. The neutral Higgs boson decays into right-handed neutrino and left-handed anti-neutrino pair which is invisible. A single charged anti-lepton and three neutrinos are the products of the subsequent decays of the charged Higgs and the neutral Higgs. W Z pair production gives the background for the signal through the decays W^+ ->nu l^+ and Z -> nu nubar. By multiplying the charged and neutral Higgses production cross section with the lepton flavor specific decay branching fractions of charged Higgs, we define a measurement which characterizes the present model. We numerically compute the measurement and find the sizable deviation from the standard model prediction.

Takuya Morozumi; Kotaro Tamai

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

118

Charged lepton electric dipole moments with the localized leptons and the new Higgs doublet in the two Higgs doublet model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the lepton electric dipole moments in the split fermion scenario, in the two Higgs doublet model, where the new Higgs scalars are localized around the origin in the extra dimension, with the help of the localizer field. We observe that the numerical value of the electron (muon, tau) electric dipole moment is at the order of the magnitude of 10^{-31} (10^{-24}, 10^{-22}) (e-cm) and this quantity is sensitive the new Higgs localization in the extra dimension.

Erhan Onur Iltan

2005-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

119

Cosmological lepton asymmetry with a nonzero mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While the baryon asymmetry of the Universe is nowadays well measured by cosmological observations, the bounds on the lepton asymmetry in the form of neutrinos are still significantly weaker. We place limits on the relic neutrino asymmetries using some of the latest cosmological data, taking into account the effect of flavor oscillations. We present our results for two different values of the neutrino mixing angle \\theta_{13}, and show that for large \\theta_{13} the limits on the total neutrino asymmetry become more stringent, diluting even large initial flavor asymmetries. In particular, we find that the present bounds are still dominated by the limits coming from Big Bang Nucleosynthesis, while the limits on the total neutrino mass from cosmological data are essentially independent of \\theta_{13}. Finally, we perform a forecast for COrE, taken as an example of a future CMB experiment, and find that it could improve the limits on the total lepton asymmetry approximately by up to a factor 5.

Castorina, Emanuele; Lattanzi, Massimiliano; Lesgourgues, Julien; Mangano, Gianpiero; Melchiorri, Alessandro; Pastor, Sergio

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Polarization Effects In The Charged Lepton Pair Production By A Neutrino (Antineutrino) In A Magnetic Field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The probability of the process of the charged lepton pair production by a neutrino (an antineutrino) with allowance for the longitudinal and transverse polarizations of the charged leptons in a magnetic field is presented. The dependence of the probability of the process on the spin variables of the charged leptons and on the azimuthal and polar angles of the initial and final neutrinos (antineutrinos) are investigated. It is shown that the probability of the process is sensitive to the spin variables of the charged leptons and to the direction of the neutrino (antineutrino) momentum. It is determined that the neutrino (antineutrino) energy and momentum loss through the production of a charged lepton pair happens asymmetrically.

Huseynov, Vali A. [Department of General and Theoretical Physics, Nakhchivan State University, AZ 7000, Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan); Laboratory of Physical Research, Nakhchivan Division of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, AZ 7000, Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan); Ahmad, Ali S. [Department of General and Theoretical Physics, Nakhchivan State University, AZ 7000, Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan)

2007-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Maximizing Ion Current by Space Charge Neutralization using Negative Ions and Dust Particles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ion current extracted from an ion source (ion thruster) can be increased above the Child-Langmuir limit if the ion space charge is neutralized. Similarly, the limiting kinetic energy density of the plasma flow in a Hall thruster might be exceeded if additional mechanisms of space charge neutralization are introduced. Space charge neutralization with high-mass negative ions or negatively charged dust particles seems, in principle, promising for the development of a high current or high energy density source of positive light ions. Several space charge neutralization schemes that employ heavy negatively charged particles are considered. It is shown that the proposed neutralization schemes can lead, at best, only to a moderate but nonetheless possibly important increase of the ion current in the ion thruster and the thrust density in the Hall thruster.

A. Smirnov; Y. Raitses; N.J. Fisch

2005-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

122

LSP sneutrino decays into heavy standard model pairs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In bilinear R-parity violation (BRpV), in which the superpotential includes a bilinear term between the lepton doublet and the up-type Higgs superfields, a sneutrino LSP can decay into pairs of heavy standard model states: W's, Z's, tops or Higgs bosons. These finals states can dominate over the traditionally considered bottom pair final state. This would lead to unique and novel supersymmetric signals with each supersymmetric event possibly producing two pairs of these heavy standard model fields. We investigate this possibility and find that the branching ratio into heavier states dominates when the bilinear term is much smaller than the sneutrino vacuum expectation value for a given sneutrino flavor. When BRpV is the only source of neutrino masses these decays can only dominate for one of the sneutrino generations. Relaxing this constraint opens these channels for all three generations.

D. Aristizabal Sierra; D. Restrepo; S. Spinner

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

123

HEAVY-ION RADIOGRAPHY AND HEAVY-ION COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In: Biological and Medical Research with Accelerated Heavyeds. Biological and Medical Research with Accelerated HeavyIn: Biological and Medical Research with Accelerated Heavy

Fabrikant, J.I.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Searches for new quarks and leptons in Z boson decays  

SciTech Connect

Searches for the decay of Z bosons into pairs of new quarks and leptons in a data sample including 455 hadronic Z decays are presented. The Z bosons were produced in electon-positron annihilations at the SLAC Linear Collider operating in the center-of-mass energy range from 89.2 to 93.0 GeV. The Standard Model provides no prediction for fermion masses and does not exclude new generations of fermions. The existence and masses of these new particles may provide valuable information to help understand the pattern of fermion masses, and physics beyond the Standard Model. Specific searches for top quarks and sequential fourth generation charge--1/3(b{prime}) quarks are made considering a variety of possible standard and non-standard decay modes. In addition, searches for sequential fourth generation massive neutrinos {nu}{sub 4} and their charged lepton partners L{sup {minus}} are pursued. The {nu}{sub 4} may be stable or decay through mixing to the lighter generations. The data sample is examined for new particle topologies of events with high-momentum isolated tracks, high-energy isolated photons, spherical event shapes, and detached vertices. No evidence is observed for the production of new quarks and leptons. 95% confidence lower mass limits of 40.7 GeV/c{sup 2} for the top quark and 42.0 GeV/c{sup 2} for the b{prime}-quark mass are obtained regardless of the branching fractions to the considered decay modes. A significant range of mixing matrix elements of {nu}{sub 4} to other generation neutrinos for a {nu}{sub 4} mass from 1 GeV/c{sup 2} to 43 GeV/c{sup 2} is excluded at 95% confidence level. Measurements of the upper limit of the invisible width of the Z exclude additional values of the {nu}{sub 4} mass and mixing matrix elements, and also permit the exclusion of a region in the L{sup {minus}} mass versus {nu}{sub 4} mass plane.

Van Kooten, R.J.

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Lepton Mixing Predictions from Delta(6n^2) Family Symmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain predictions of lepton mixing parameters for direct models based on Delta(6n^2) family symmetry groups for arbitrarily large n in which the full Klein symmetry is identified as a subgroup of the family symmetry. After reviewing and developing the group theory associated with Delta(6n^2), we find many new candidates for large n able to yield reactor angle predictions within 3 sigma of recent global fits. We show that such Delta(6n^2) models with Majorana neutrinos predict trimaximal mixing with reactor angle theta_{13} fixed up to a discrete choice, an oscillation phase of either zero or pi and the atmospheric angle sum rules theta_{23}=45 degrees -/+ theta_{13}/sqrt{2}, respectively, which are consistent with recent global fits and will be tested in the near future.

King, Stephen F; Stuart, Alexander J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Lepton Mixing Predictions from Delta(6n^2) Family Symmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain predictions of lepton mixing parameters for direct models based on Delta(6n^2) family symmetry groups for arbitrarily large n in which the full Klein symmetry is identified as a subgroup of the family symmetry. After reviewing and developing the group theory associated with Delta(6n^2), we find many new candidates for large n able to yield reactor angle predictions within 3 sigma of recent global fits. We show that such Delta(6n^2) models with Majorana neutrinos predict trimaximal mixing with reactor angle theta_{13} fixed up to a discrete choice, an oscillation phase of either zero or pi and the atmospheric angle sum rules theta_{23}=45 degrees -/+ theta_{13}/sqrt{2}, respectively, which are consistent with recent global fits and will be tested in the near future.

Stephen F. King; Thomas Neder; Alexander J. Stuart

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

127

Analysis of heavy oils: Method development and application to Cerro Negro heavy petroleum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On March 6, 1980, the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the Ministry of Energy and Mines of Venezuela (MEMV) entered into a joint agreement which included analysis of heavy crude oils from the Venezuelan Orinoco oil belt.The purpose of this report is to present compositional data and describe new analytical methods obtained from work on the Cerro Negro Orinoco belt crude oil since 1980. Most of the chapters focus on the methods rather than the resulting data on Cerro Negro oil, and results from other oils obtained during the verification of the method are included. In addition, published work on analysis of heavy oils, tar sand bitumens, and like materials is reviewed, and the overall state of the art in analytical methodology for heavy fossil liquids is assessed. The various phases of the work included: distillation and determination of routine'' physical/chemical properties (Chapter 1); preliminary separation of >200{degree}C distillates and the residue into acid, base, neutral, saturated hydrocarbon and neutral-aromatic concentrates (Chapter 2); further separation of acid, base, and neutral concentrates into subtypes (Chapters 3-5); and determination of the distribution of metal-containing compounds in all fractions (Chapter 6).

Carbognani, L.; Hazos, M.; Sanchez, V. (INTEVEP, Filial de Petroleos de Venezuela, SA, Caracas (Venezuela)); Green, J.A.; Green, J.B.; Grigsby, R.D.; Pearson, C.D.; Reynolds, J.W.; Shay, J.Y.; Sturm, G.P. Jr.; Thomson, J.S.; Vogh, J.W.; Vrana, R.P.; Yu, S.K.T.; Diehl, B.H.; Grizzle, P.L.; Hirsch, D.E; Hornung, K.W.; Tang, S.Y.

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Block Heavy Hitters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

e study a natural generalization of the heavy hitters problem in thestreaming context. We term this generalization *block heavy hitters* and define it as follows. We are to stream over a matrix$A$, and report all *rows* ...

Andoni, Alexandr

2008-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

129

Unconventional fermions: The Price of Quark-Lepton Unification at TeV Scales  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The early petite unification (PUT) of quarks and leptons at TeV scales with sin^2 theta_W(M^2_Z) used as a constraint, necessitates the introduction of extra quarks and leptons with unconventional electric charges (up to 4/3 for the quarks and 2 for the leptons). This talk, in honor of Paul Frampton's 60th birthday, will be devoted to the motivation and construction of models of early unification and to their implications, including the issues of rare decays and unconventional fermions.

P. Q. Hung

2004-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

130

Yukawaon Model with Anomaly Free Set of Quarks and Leptons in a U(3) Family Symmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the so-called "yukawaon" model, the (effective) Yukawa coupling constants $Y_f^{eff}$ are given by vacuum expectation values (VEVs) of scalars $Y_f$ (yukawaons) with $3\\times 3$ components. So far, yukawaons $Y_f$ have been assigned to ${\\bf 6}$ or ${\\bf 6}^*$ of U(3) family symmetry, so that quarks and leptons were not anomaly free in U(3). In this paper, yukawaons are assigned to ${\\bf 8}+{\\bf 1}$ of U(3), so that quarks and leptons are anomaly free. Since VEV relations among yukawaons are also considerably changed, parameter fitting of the model is renewed. After fixing our free parameters by observed mass ratios, we have only two and one remaining free parameters for quark and lepton mixings, respectively. We obtain successful predictions for the quark and lepton mixing parameters including magnitudes of $CP$ violation. The effective Majorana neutrino mass is also predicted.

Yoshio Koide; Hiroyuki Nishiura

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

131

Selection of tau leptons with the CDF Run 2 trigger system  

SciTech Connect

We have implemented triggers for hadronically decaying tau leptons within a framework of the CDF Run 2 trigger system. We describe the triggers, along with their physics motivations, and report on their initial performance.

A. Anastassov; S. Baroiant; M. Chertok

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

The energy spectrum of tau leptons induced by the high energy Earth-skimming neutrinos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a semi-analytic calculation of the tau-lepton flux emerging from the Earth, induced by the incident high energy neutrinos interacting inside the Earth for $10^{5} \\leq E_{\

J. -J. Tseng; T. -W. Yeh; H. Athar; M. A. Huang; F. -F. Lee; G. -L. Lin

2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

133

Test of Lepton Flavour Universality in K+ --> l+nu Decays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A precision test of lepton flavour universality has been performed by measuring the ratio RK of kaon leptonic decay rates K+ --> e+nu and K+ --> mu+nu in a sample of 59813 reconstructed K+ --> e+nu candidates with (8.71 +- 0.24)% background contamination. The result RK = (2.487 +- 0.013) * 10^{-5} is in agreement with the Standard Model expectation.

C. Lazzeroni et al.

2011-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

134

Lepton Flavor Violation in Predictive Supersymmetric GUT Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There have been many theoretical models constructed which aim to explain the neutrino masses and mixing patterns. While many of the models will be eliminated once more accurate determinations of the mixing parameters, especially $\\sin^2 2\\theta_{13}$, are obtained, charged lepton flavor violation (LFV) experiments are able to differentiate even further among the models. In this paper, we investigate various rare LFV processes, such as $\\ell_{i} \\to \\ell_{j} + \\gamma$ and $\\mu-e$ conversion, in five predictive supersymmetric (SUSY) SO(10) models and their allowed soft-SUSY breaking parameter space in the constrained minimal SUSY standard model. Utilizing the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe dark matter constraints, we obtain lower bounds on the branching ratios of these rare processes and find that at least three of the five models we consider give rise to predictions for $\\mu \\to e + \\gamma$ that will be tested by the MEG Collaboration at PSI. In addition, the next generation $\\mu-e$ conversion experiment has sensitivity to the predictions of all five models, making it an even more robust way to test these models. While generic studies have emphasized the dependence of the branching ratios of these rare processes on the reactor neutrino angle $\\theta_{13}$ and the mass of the heaviest right-handed neutrino $M_3$, we find very massive $M_3$ is more significant than large $\\theta_{13}$ in leading to branching ratios near to the present upper limits.

Carl H. Albright; Mu-Chun Chen

2008-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

135

Measurement of Cabibbo suppressed decays of the $\\tau$ lepton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Branching ratios for the dominant Cabibbo-suppressed decays of the \\tau lepton have been measured by CLEO~II in e^+ e^- annihilation at CESR (\\sqrt{s} \\sim 10.6~GeV) using kaons with momenta below 0.7\\ \\rm GeV/c. The inclusive branching ratio into one charged kaon is (1.60 \\pm 0.12 \\pm 0.19)\\%. For the exclusive decays, B(\\tau \\to K^-) = (0.66 \\pm 0.07 \\pm 0.09)\\%, B(\\tau \\to K^- \\pi^0) = (0.51 \\pm 0.10 \\pm 0.07)\\%, and, based on three events, B(\\tau \\to K^- \\pi^0 \\pi^0) < 0.3\\% at the 90\\% confidence level. These represent significant improvements over previous results. B(\\tau\\to K^- \\pi^0) is measured for the first time with exclusive \\pi^0 reconstruction. hardcopies with figures can be obtained by writing to: Pam Morehouse preprint secretary Newman Lab Cornell University Ithaca, NY 14853 or by sending mail to: preprints@lns62.lns.cornell.edu

Battle, M; Kwon, Y; Roberts, S; Thorndike, E H; Wang, C H; Dominick, J; Lambrecht, M; Sanghera, S; Shelkov, V; Skwarnicki, T; Stroynowski, R; Volobuev, I P; Wei, G; Zadorozhny, P; Artuso, M; Goldberg, M; He, D; Horwitz, N; Kennett, R; Mountain, R; Moneti, G C; Muheim, F; Mukhin, Y; Playfer, S; Rozen, Y; Stone, S; Thulasidas, M; Vasseur, G; Zhu, G; Bartelt, J; Csorna, S E; Egyed, Z; Jain, V; Kinoshita, K; Edwards, K W; Ogg, M; Britton, D I; Hyatt, E R F; MacFarlane, D B; Patel, P M; Akerib, D S; Barish, B C; Chadha, M; Chan, S; Cowen, D F; Eigen, G; Miller, J S; O'Grady, C; Urheim, J; Weinstein, A J; Acosta, D; Athanas, M; Masek, G E; Paar, H P; Sivertz, M; Gronberg, J B; Kutschke, R; Menary, S R; Morrison, R J; Nakanishi, S; Nelson, H N; Nelson, T K; Qiao, C; Richman, J D; Ryd, A; Tajima, H; Sperka, D; Witherell, M S; Procario, M; Balest, R; Cho, K; Daoudi, M; Ford, W T; Johnson, D R; Lingel, K; Lohner, M; Rankin, P; Smith, J G; Alexander, J P; Bebek, C; Berkelman, K; Bloom, K; Browder, T E; Cassel, David G; Cho, H A; Coffman, D M; Drell, P S; Ehrlich, R; Gaidarev, P B; Galik, R S; García-Sciveres, M; Geiser, B; Gittelman, B; Gray, S W; Hartill, D L; Heltsley, B K; Jones, C D; Jones, S L; Kandaswamy, J; Katayama, N; Kim, P C; Kreinick, D L; Ludwig, G S; Masui, J; Mevissen, J; Mistry, N B; Ng, C R; Nordberg, E; Patterson, J R; Peterson, D; Riley, D; Salman, S; Sapper, M; Würthwein, F; Avery, P; Freyberger, A P; Rodríguez, J; Stephens, R; Yang, S; Yelton, J; Cinabro, D; Henderson, S; Liu, T; Saulnier, M; Wilson, R; Yamamoto, H; Bergfeld, T; Eisenstein, B I; Gollin, G; Ong, B; Palmer, M; Selen, M; Thaler, J J; Sadoff, A J; Ammar, R; Ball, S; Baringer, P; Bean, A; Besson, D; Coppage, D; Copty, N K; Davis, R; Hancock, N; Kelly, M; Kwak, N; Lam, H; Kubota, Y; Lattery, M; Nelson, J K; Patton, S; Perticone, D; Poling, R A; Savinov, V; Schrenk, S; Wang, R; Alam, M S; Kim, I J; Nemati, B; O'Neill, J J; Severini, H; Sun, C R; Zoeller, M M; Crawford, G; Daubenmier, C M; Fulton, R; Fujino, D; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Lee, J; Malchow, R L; Skovpen, Y; Sung, M; White, C; Butler, F; Fu, X; Kalbfleisch, G R; Ross, W R; Skubic, P L; Snow, J; Wang, P L; Wood, M; Brown, D N; Fast, J; McIlwain, R L; Miao, T; Miller, D H; Modesitt, M; Payne, D; Shibata, E I; Shipsey, I P J; Wang Pei Ning

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Lepton Flavor Violation in Predictive SUSY-GUT Models  

SciTech Connect

There have been many theoretical models constructed which aim to explain the neutrino masses and mixing patterns. While many of the models will be eliminated once more accurate determinations of the mixing parameters, especially sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub 13}, are obtained, charged lepton flavor violation (LFV) experiments are able to differentiate even further among the models. In this paper, they investigate various rare LFV processes, such as {ell}{sub i} {yields} {ell}{sub j} + {gamma} and {mu} - e conversion, in five predictive SUSY SO(10) models and their allowed soft SUSY breaking parameter space in the constrained minimal SUSY standard model (CMSSM). Utilizing the WMAP dark matter constraints, they obtain lower bounds on the branching ratios of these rare processes and find that at least three of the five models they consider give rise to predictions for {mu} {yields} e + {gamma} that will be tested by the MEG collaboration at PSI. in addition, the next generation {mu} - e conversion experiment has sensitivity to the predictions of all five models, making it an even more robust way to test these models. While generic studies have emphasized the dependence of the branching ratios of these rare processes on the reactor neutrino angle, {theta}{sub 13}, and the mass of the heaviest right-handed neutrino, M{sub 3}, they find very massive M{sub 3} is more significant than large {theta}{sub 13} in leading to branching ratios near to the present upper limits.

Albright, Carl H.; /Northern Illinois U. /Fermilab; Chen, Mu-Chun; /UC, Irvine

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Electron-electron interactions in fast neutral-neutral collisions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Differential electron emission is studied for 50--500 keV H{sup +} and H atom impact on helium. Using the first Born formulation, it is shown that projectile electron-target electron interactions are expected to dominate the differential cross sections for low energy target electron emission induced by fast neutral projectile impact on any target. Measurements of the 15{degrees} electron emission were made in order to investigate this prediction. For low impact energies, a constant ratio between the hydrogen atom and proton impact cross sections was found for emitted electron velocities less than half the projectile velocity, V{sub p} But as the collision energy increased, for electron velocities less than 0.25 V{sub p}, the cross section ratio increased as the emitted electron velocity decreased. This is interpreted as a signature of projectile electron-target electron interactions becoming dominant for distant collisions between neutral particles.

DuBois, R.D. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Manson, S.T. [Georgia State Univ., Atlanta, GA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Electron-electron interactions in fast neutral-neutral collisions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Differential electron emission is studied for 50--500 keV H[sup +] and H atom impact on helium. Using the first Born formulation, it is shown that projectile electron-target electron interactions are expected to dominate the differential cross sections for low energy target electron emission induced by fast neutral projectile impact on any target. Measurements of the 15[degrees] electron emission were made in order to investigate this prediction. For low impact energies, a constant ratio between the hydrogen atom and proton impact cross sections was found for emitted electron velocities less than half the projectile velocity, V[sub p] But as the collision energy increased, for electron velocities less than 0.25 V[sub p], the cross section ratio increased as the emitted electron velocity decreased. This is interpreted as a signature of projectile electron-target electron interactions becoming dominant for distant collisions between neutral particles.

DuBois, R.D. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)); Manson, S.T. (Georgia State Univ., Atlanta, GA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy)

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Searches for the baryon- and lepton-number violating decays B[superscript 0]-->Lambda c+l-, B--->Lambda l-, and B--->Lambda[over-bar] l- l-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Searches for B mesons decaying to final states containing a baryon and a lepton are performed, where the baryon is either ?c or ? and the lepton is a muon or an electron. These decays violate both baryon and lepton number ...

Cowan, Ray Franklin

140

Energy Levels of Neutral Uranium ( U I )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Data, Uranium (U) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. ... Version Energy Levels of Neutral Uranium ( U I ). ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Energy Levels of Neutral Thorium ( Th I )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Data, Thorium (Th) Homepage - Introduction Finding list Select element by name. ... Version Energy Levels of Neutral Thorium ( Th I ). ...

142

Search for the neutral MSSM Higgs bosons in the ditau decay channels at CDF Run II  

SciTech Connect

This thesis presents the results on a search for the neutral MSSM Higgs bosons decaying to tau pairs, with least one of these taus decays leptonically. The search was performed with a sample of 1.8 fb{sup -1} of proton-antiproton collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV provided by the Tevatron and collected by CDF Run II. No significant excess over the Standard Model prediction was found and a 95% confidence level exclusion limit have been set on the cross section times branching ratio as a function of the Higgs boson mass. This limit has been translated into the MSSM Higgs sector parameter plane, tan{beta} vs. M{sub A}, for the four different benchmark scenarios.

Cuenca Almenar, Cristobal; /Valencia U., IFIC

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Ion-beam Plasma Neutralization Interaction Images  

SciTech Connect

Neutralization of the ion beam charge and current is an important scientific issue for many practical applications. The process of ion beam charge and current neutralization is complex because the excitation of nonlinear plasma waves may occur. Computer simulation images of plasma neutralization of the ion beam pulse are presented.

Igor D. Kaganovich; Edward Startsev; S. Klasky; Ronald C. Davidson

2002-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

144

Energy distribution and flux of fast neutrals and residual ions extracted from a neutral beam source  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy distribution and flux of fast neutrals and residual ions extracted from a neutral beam-4004 Received 21 April 2006; accepted 6 July 2006; published 7 August 2006 The energy distribution and flux into fast neutrals. The neutral energy distribution was always shifted to lower energies compared

Economou, Demetre J.

145

Impact of PDF uncertainties at large x on heavy boson production  

SciTech Connect

We explore the sensitivity of W and Z boson production in hadronic collisions to uncertainties in parton distribution functions (PDFs) at large x arising from uncertainties in nuclear corrections when using deuterium data in global QCD fits. The W and Z differential cross sections show increasing influence of nuclear corrections at high boson rapidities, particularly for the d quark, which is diluted somewhat in the decay lepton rapidity distributions. The effects of PDF uncertainties on heavy W' and Z' bosons beyond the Standard Model become progressively more important for larger boson masses or rapidities, both in p-p collisions at the LHC and in p-pbar scattering at the Tevatron.

L. T. Brady, A. Accardi, W. Melnitchouk, J. F. Owens

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Search for anomalous production of multiple leptons in association with $W$ and $Z$ bosons at CDF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a search for anomalous production of multiple low-energy leptons in association with a W or Z boson using events collected at the CDF experiment corresponding to 5.1 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity. This search is sensitive to a wide range of topologies with low-momentum leptons, including those with the leptons near one another. The observed rates of production of additional electrons and muons are compared with the standard model predictions. No indications of phenomena beyond the standard model are found. A 95% confidence level limit is presented on the production cross section for a benchmark model of supersymmetric hidden-valley Higgs production. Particle identification efficiencies are also provided to enable the calculation of limits on additional models.

Aaltonen, T.; /Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; /Oviedo U. /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, S.; /INFN, Padua; Amidei, D.; /Michigan U.; Anastassov, A.; /Northwestern U. /Fermilab; Annovi, A.; /Frascati; Antos, J.; /Comenius U.; Apollinari, G.; /Fermilab; Appel, J.A.; /Fermilab; Arisawa, T.; /Waseda U.; Artikov, A.; /Dubna, JINR /Texas A-M

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

On the origin of families of quarks and leptons - predictions for four families  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The approach unifying all the internal degrees of freedom--proposed by one of us--is offering a new way of understanding families of quarks and leptons: A part of the starting Lagrange density in d(=1+13), which includes two kinds of spin connection fields--the gauge fields of two types of Clifford algebra objects--transforms the right handed quarks and leptons into the left handed ones manifesting in d=1+3 the Yukawa couplings of the Standard model. We study the influence of the way of breaking symmetries on the Yukawa couplings and estimate properties of the fourth family--the quark masses and the mixing matrix, investigating the possibility that the fourth family of quarks and leptons appears at low enough energies to be observable with the new generation of accelerators.

G. Bregar; M. Breskvar; D. Lukman; N. S. Mankoc Borstnik

2007-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

148

Spin Asymmetries Arising In Neutrino-Lepton Processes In A Magnetic Field And Their Macroscopic Appearance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present expressions that determine the differential cross sections and energy and momentum losses for the neutrino-lepton processes {nu}le- {yields} {nu}le-, {nu}-tildele- {yields} {nu}-tildele-, {nu}l{nu}-tildel {yields} e-e+, {nu}l{nu}-tildee {yields} l-e+, {nu}le- {yields} {nu}el- in a magnetic field with allowance for the longitudinal and transverse polarizations of the charged leptons and antileptons and the results on the spin asymmetries arising in these processes.

Huseynov, Vali A. [Department of General and Theoretical Physics, Nakhchivan State University, AZ 7000, Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan); Laboratory of Physical Research, Nakhchivan Division of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, AZ 7000, Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan); Gasimova, Rasmiyya E.; Akbarova, Nurida Y.; Hajiyeva, Billura T. [Department of General and Theoretical Physics, Nakhchivan State University, AZ 7000, Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan)

2007-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

149

Exploring anomalous top interactions via the final lepton in ttbar productions/decays at hadron colliders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study momentum distributions of the final-state charged lepton in ppbar/pp --> ttbar --> l^+ X (l=e or mu) at hadron colliders, i.e., Tevatron and Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in order to explore possible new-physics effects in the top-quark sector. Assuming general model-independent ttbar g + ttbar gg and tbW interactions beyond the standard model, we first derive analytical formulas for the corresponding parton-parton processes. We then compute the lepton angular, energy and transverse-momentum distributions in ppbar/pp collisions to clarify how they are affected by those anomalous couplings.

Zenro HIOKI; Kazumasa OHKUMA

2011-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

150

Neutrinos and Lepton Flavour Violation in the Left-Right Twin Higgs Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyse the lepton sector of the Left-Right Twin Higgs Model. This model offers an alternative way to solve the "little hierarchy" problem of the Standard Model. We show that one can achieve an effective see-saw to explain the origin of neutrino masses and that this model can accommodate the observed neutrino masses and mixings. We have also studied the lepton flavour violation process l_1 -> l_2 \\gamma and discussed how the experimental bound from these branching ratios constrains the scale of symmetry breaking of this Twin Higgs model.

Asmaa Abada; Irene Hidalgo

2007-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

151

Implications of texture 4 zero lepton mass matrices for U_{e3}  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lepton mass matrices similar to texture 4 zero quark mass matrices, known to be quite successful in explaining the CKM phenomenology, have been considered for finding the mixing matrix element U_{e3} (\\equiv s_{13}) respecting the CHOOZ constraint, with s_{12} and \\Delta m_{12}^2 constrained by SNP and s_{23} and \\Delta m_{23}^2 constrained by ANP. Taking charged lepton mass matrix M_l to be diagonal, we find that the ranges of s_{13} corresponding to different SNP solutions very well include the corresponding values of s_{13} found by Akhmedov et al. by considering neutrino mass matrix M_{\

Randhawa, M; Sen-Gupta, M; Randhawa, Monika; Ahuja, Gulsheen; Gupta, Manmohan

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Implications of texture 4 zero lepton mass matrices for U_{e3}  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lepton mass matrices similar to texture 4 zero quark mass matrices, known to be quite successful in explaining the CKM phenomenology, have been considered for finding the mixing matrix element U_{e3} (\\equiv s_{13}) respecting the CHOOZ constraint, with s_{12} and \\Delta m_{12}^2 constrained by SNP and s_{23} and \\Delta m_{23}^2 constrained by ANP. Taking charged lepton mass matrix M_l to be diagonal, we find that the ranges of s_{13} corresponding to different SNP solutions very well include the corresponding values of s_{13} found by Akhmedov et al. by considering neutrino mass matrix M_{\

Monika Randhawa; Gulsheen Ahuja; Manmohan Gupta

2002-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

153

Origin of quark-lepton flavor in SO(10) with type II seesaw mechanism  

SciTech Connect

Diverse mass and mixing patterns between the quarks and leptons makes it challenging to construct a simple grand unified theory of flavor. We show that SO(10) supersymmetry grand unified theories with type II seesaw mechanism giving neutrino masses provide a natural framework for addressing this issue. A simple ansatz that the dominant Yukawa matrix (the 10-Higgs coupling to matter) has rank one appears to simultaneously explain both the large lepton mixings as well as the observed quark flavor hierarchy in these models. A testable prediction of this ansatz is the neutrino mixing, U{sub e3}, which should be observable in planned long baseline experiments.

Dutta, Bhaskar [Department of Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843-4242 (United States); Mimura, Yukihiro; Mohapatra, R. N. [Maryland Center for Fundamental Physics and Department of Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, 20742 (United States)

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

NMSSM in disguise: Discovering singlino dark matter with soft leptons at the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, cuts on lepton transverse momentum of even 10 GeV will remove the wast majority of events for points B–E, and hence remove the one remaining clue to the non-minimal nature of the scenario. However, one should also notice that the distributions have... benchmark point, corresponding to 10 fb?1 of data. For the SM background we have generated a wide variety of samples that in addition to two, possibly soft, OSSF isolated leptons at low invariant mass, could potentially yield the hard jets and missing energy...

Kraml, S; Raklev, Are R; White, Martin J

155

Search for quark-lepton compositeness in the dimuon final state at D0  

SciTech Connect

We used the upgraded D0 detector at the Tevatron at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV to collect data in a search for a compositeness signature of quarks and leptons. This analysis uses an integrated luminosity of 400 pb{sup -1}. The high-mass dimuon mass spectrum is compared with that predicted by Drell-Yan (DY) scattering, modified by a contact interaction. This interaction is parameterized by a compositeness energy scale factor {Lambda}. Preliminary limits on {lambda} are set at the 95% confidence level for constructive and destructive interference between the DY amplitude and the contact interaction for various quark and lepton chiralities.

Xuan, Nguyen Phuoc; /Notre Dame U.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Energy-Scale Dependence of the Lepton-Flavor-Mixing Matrix hep-ph/9904292  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study an energy-scale dependence of the lepton-flavor-mixing matrix in the minimal supersymmetric standard model with the effective dimension-five operators which give the masses of neutrinos. We analyze the renormalization group equations of ?ijs which are coefficients of these effective operators under the approximation to neglect the corrections of O(?2). As a consequence, we find that all phases in ? do not depend on the energy-scale, and that only ng ? 1 (ng: generation number) real independent parameters in the lepton-flavor-mixing matrix depend on the energyscale.

N. Haba; Y. Matsui; N. Okamura; M. Sugiura

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Process for removing heavy metal compounds from heavy crude oil  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is provided for removing heavy metal compounds from heavy crude oil by mixing the heavy crude oil with tar sand; preheating the mixture to a temperature of about 650.degree. F.; heating said mixture to up to 800.degree. F.; and separating tar sand from the light oils formed during said heating. The heavy metals removed from the heavy oils can be recovered from the spent sand for other uses.

Cha, Chang Y. (Golden, CO); Boysen, John E. (Laramie, WY); Branthaver, Jan F. (Laramie, WY)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

HEAVY ION INERTIAL FUSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accelerators as Drivers for Inertially Confined Fusion, W.B.LBL-9332/SLAC-22l (1979) Fusion Driven by Heavy Ion Beams,OF CALIFORNIA f Accelerator & Fusion Research Division

Keefe, D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

at the same time. Capable of accelerating 70 trillion protons with every pulse, and heavy ions such as gold and iron, the AGS receives protons and other ions from the AGS...

160

Early Discoveries of New Gauge Bosons W' and Z' in Leptonic Decay Channels at ATLAS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the potential of the ATLAS detector to discover new massive gauge bosons in their leptonic decay channels: W' -> l nu_l and Z' -> l+ l-. Emphasis is placed on early data-taking at the LHC with low luminosity (up to 1 fb^-1).

E. N. Thompson; for the ATLAS Collaboration

2008-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Search for [ital B][sup 0] decays to two charged leptons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have searched for [ital B][sup 0] decays to two charged leptons and set 90% confidence level upper limits on the branching fractions: [ital B]([ital B][sup 0][r arrow][ital e][sup +][ital e][sup [minus

Ammar, R.; Ball, S.; Baringer, P.; Bean, A.; Besson, D.; Coppage, D.; Copty, N.; Davis, R.; Hancock, N.; Kelly, M.; Kwak, N.; Lam, H.; Kubota, Y.; Lattery, M.; Nelson, J.K.; Patton, S.; Perticone, D.; Poling, R.; Savinov, V.; Schrenk, S.; Wang, R.; Alam, M.S.; Kim, I.J.; Nemati, B.; O'Neill, J.J.; Severini, H.; Sun, C.R.; Zoeller, M.M.; Crawford, G.; Daubenmier, C.M.; Fulton, R.; Fujino, D.; Gan, K.K.; Honscheid, K.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Lee, J.; Malchow, R.; Morrow, F.; Skovpen, Y.; Sung, M.; White, C.; Butler, F.; Fu, X.; Kalbfleisch, G.; Ross, W.R.; Skubic, P.; Snow, J.; Wang, P.L.; Wood, M.; Brown, D.N.; Fast, J.; McIlwain, R.L.; Miao, T.; Miller, D.H.; Modesitt, M.; Payne, D.; Shibata, E.I.; Shipsey, I.P.J.; Wang, P.N.; Battle, M.; Ernst, J.; Kwon, Y.; Roberts, S.; Thorndike, E.H.; Wang, C.H.; Dominick, J.; Lambrecht, M.; Sanghera, S.; Shelkov, V.; Skwarnicki, T.; Stroynowski, R.; Volobouev, I.; Wei, G.; Zadorozhny, P.; Artuso, M.; Goldberg, M.; He, D.; Horwitz, N.; Kennett, R.; M; (CLEO Collaboration)

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Search for the rare leptonic decays B+-->l+ nu l (l=e,mu)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have performed a search for the rare leptonic decays B+-->?+nu ?(l=e,mu), using data collected at the ?(4S) resonance by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II storage ring. In a sample of 468×106 BB[over-bar] pairs we find ...

Zhao, M.

163

Inclusive Higgs Boson Searches in Four-Lepton Final States at the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The inclusive search for the Standard Model Higgs boson in four-lepton final states with the ATLAS and CMS detectors at the LHC pp collider is presented. The discussion focusses on the H-> ZZ^(*)->4l+X decay mode for a Higgs boson in the mass range 120 ~Higgs boson properties is also given.

Evelyne Delmeire

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

164

Novel inclusive search for the Higgs boson in the four-lepton final state at CDF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An inclusive search for the standard model Higgs boson using the four-lepton final state in proton-antiproton collisions produced by the Tevatron at ?s=1.96??TeV is conducted. The data are recorded by the CDF II detector ...

Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo

165

Search for narrow resonances in the lepton final state at CMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the results of searches for high-mass narrow resonances decaying into pairs of leptons using pp collisions at 7 TeV delivered by LHC and collected with the CMS detector in 2010 and 2011. These include searches for the Z' bosons and RS gravitons.

Gennadiy Kukartsev; for the CMS Collaboration

2011-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

166

Search for narrow resonances in the lepton final state at CMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the results of searches for high-mass narrow resonances decaying into pairs of leptons using pp collisions at 7 TeV delivered by LHC and collected with the CMS detector in 2010 and 2011. These include searches for the Z' bosons and RS gravitons.

Kukartsev, Gennadiy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

NREL: Climate Neutral Research Campuses - Webmaster  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climate Neutral Research Campuses Home Determine Baseline Energy Consumption Analyze Technology Options Plan & Prioritize Implement the Climate Action Plan Measure & Evaluate...

168

Measurement of the top quark pair production cross section in the dilepton channel using lepton+track selection  

SciTech Connect

The production cross section for t{bar t} pairs decaying into two lepton final states was measured using data from the D0 detector at Fermilab. The measurement was made using a lepton+track selection, where one lepton is fully identified and the second lepton is observed as an isolated track. This analysis is designed to complement similar studies using two fully identified leptons [1]. The cross section for the lepton+track selection was found to be {sigma} = 5.2{sub -1.4}{sup +1.6}(stat){sub -0.8}{sup +0.9}(syst) {+-} 0.3(lumi) pb. The combined cross section using both the lepton+track data and the data from the electron+electron, electron+muon, and muon+muon samples is: {sigma} = 6.4{sub -0.9}{sup +0.9}(stat){sub -0.7}{sup +0.8}(syst) {+-} 0.4(lumi) pb.

Wagner, Robert Emil; /Princeton U.

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Dragging Heavy Quarks in Quark Gluon Plasma at the Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The drag and diffusion coefficients of charm and bottom quarks propagating through quark gluon plasma (QGP) have been evaluated for conditions relevant to nuclear collisions at Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The dead cone and Landau-Pomeronchuk-Migdal (LPM) effects on radiative energy loss of heavy quarks have been considered. Both radiative and collisional processes of energy loss are included in the {\\it effective} drag and diffusion coefficients. With these effective transport coefficients we solve the Fokker Plank (FP) equation for the heavy quarks executing Brownian motion in the QGP. The solution of the FP equation has been used to evaluate the nuclear suppression factor, $R_{\\mathrm AA}$ for the non-photonic single electron spectra resulting from the semi-leptonic decays of hadrons containing charm and bottom quarks. The effects of mass on $R_{\\mathrm AA}$ has also been highlighted.

Santosh K Das; Jan-e Alam; Payal Mohanty

2010-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

170

Non-leptonic decays in an extended chiral quark model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the color suppressed (nonfactorizable) amplitude for the decay mode B{sub d}{sup 0}{yields}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}. We treat the b-quark in the heavy quark limit and the energetic light (u,d,s) quarks within a variant of Large Energy Effective Theory combined with an extension of chiral quark models. Our calculated amplitude for B{sub d}{sup 0}{yields}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0} is suppressed by a factor of order {Lambda}{sub QCD}/m{sub b} with respect to the factorized amplitude, as it should according to QCD-factorization. Further, for reasonable values of the (model dependent) gluon condensate and the constituent quark mass, the calculated nonfactorizable amplitude for B{sub d}{sup 0}{yields}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0} can easily accomodate the experimental value. Unfortunately, the color suppressed amplitude is very sensitive to the values of these model dependent parameters. Therefore fine-tuning is necessary in order to obtain an amplitude compatible with the experimental result for B{sub d}{sup 0}{yields}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}.

Eeg, J. O. [Dept. of Physics, Univ. of Oslo, P.O. Box 1048 Blindern, N-0316 Oslo (Norway)

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

171

Super Heavy Element Discovery | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Super Heavy Element Discovery SHARE Super Heavy Element Discovery The location of the Transactinides (super-heavy elements) shown on the Periodic Table. ORNL is internationally...

172

Solenoid transport for heavy ion fusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transport for Heavy Ion Fusion* Edward Lee** LawrenceHm Heavy Ion Inertial Fusion Abstract Solenoid transport ofseveral stages of a heavy ion fusion driver. In general this

Lee, Edward

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Heavy ion fusion--Using heavy ions to make electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Proc. of the Inertial Fusion Science and ApplicationsP. Abbott, P. F. Peterson, Fusion Science and Technology 44March 15–20, 2004 Heavy Ion Fusion– Using Heavy Ions to Make

Celata, C.M.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Heavy Vehicle Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heavy Vehicle (HV) systems are a necessary component of achieving OHVT goals. Elements are in place for a far-ranging program: short, intermediate, and long-term. Solicitation will bring industrial input and support. Future funding trend is positive, outlook for HV systems is good.

Sid Diamond; Richard Wares; Jules Routbort

2000-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

175

Exploiting heavy oil reserves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the behaviour of oil and gas prices and the fruits of future exploration. The rate of technological progress. How optimistic are you that the North Sea remains a viable source of oil and gas? A) Our new researchNorth Sea investment potential Exploiting heavy oil reserves Beneath the waves in 3D Aberdeen

Levi, Ran

176

Modeling Chamber Transport for Heavy-Ion Fusion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In a typical thick-liquid-wall scenario for heavy-ion fusion (HIF), between seventy and two hundred high-current beams enter the target chamber through ports and propagate about three meters to the target. Since molten-salt jets are planned to protect the chamber wall, the beams move through vapor from the jets, and collisions between beam ions and this background gas both strip the ions and ionize the gas molecules. Radiation from the preheated target causes further beam stripping and gas ionization. Due to this stripping, beams for heavy-ion fusion are expected to require substantial neutralization in a target chamber. Much recent research has, therefore, focused on beam neutralization by electron sources that were neglected in earlier simulations, including emission from walls and the target, photoionization by the target radiation, and pre-neutralization by a plasma generated along the beam path. When these effects are included in simulations with practicable beam and chamber parameters, the resulting focal spot is approximately the size required by a distributed radiator target.

Sharp, W M; Niller, D A C; Tabak, M; Yu, S S; Peterson, P F; Welch, D R; Rose, D V; Olson, C L

2002-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

177

Particle-production mechanism in relativistic heavy-ion collisions  

SciTech Connect

We discuss the production of particles in relativistic heavy-ion collisions through the mechanism of massive bremsstrahlung, in which massive mesons are emitted during rapid nucleon acceleration. This mechanism is described within the framework of classical hadrodynamics for extended nucleons, corresponding to nucleons of finite size interacting with massive meson fields. This new theory provides a natural covariant microscopic approach to relativistic heavy-ion collisions that includes automatically spacetime nonlocality and retardation, nonequilibrium phenomena, interactions among all nucleons, and particle production. Inclusion of the finite nucleon size cures the difficulties with preacceleration and runaway solutions that have plagued the classical theory of self-interacting point particles. For the soft reactions that dominate nucleon-nucleon collisions, a significant fraction of the incident center-of-mass energy is radiated through massive bremsstrahlung. In the present version of the theory, this radiated energy is in the form of neutral scalar ({sigma}) and neutral vector ({omega}) mesons, which subsequently decay primarily into pions with some photons also. Additional meson fields that are known to be important from nucleon-nucleon scattering experiments should be incorporated in the future, in which case the radiated energy would also contain isovector pseudoscalar ({pi}{sup +}, {pi}{sup {minus}}, {pi}{sup 0}), isovector scalar ({delta}{sup +}, {delta}{sup {minus}}, {delta}{sup 0}), isovector vector ({rho}{sup +}, {rho}{sup {minus}}, {rho}{sup 0}), and neutral pseudoscalar ({eta}) mesons.

Bush, B.W.; Nix, J.R.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Electric dipole moments of charged leptons in the split fermion scenario in the two Higgs doublet model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We predict the charged lepton electric dipole moments in the split fermion scenario in the framework of the two Higgs doublet model. We observe that the numerical value of the muon (tau) electric dipole moment is at the order of the magnitude of $10^{-22} (e-cm)$ ($10^{-20} (e-cm)$) and there is an enhancement in the case of two extra dimensions, especially for the tau lepton electric dipole moment.

E. O. Iltan

2005-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

179

DEVELOPMENTS IN HEAVY QUARKONIUM SPECTROSCOPY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ 1­ DEVELOPMENTS IN HEAVY QUARKONIUM SPECTROSCOPY Written May 2012 by S. Eidelman (Budker Inst. Navas (Univ. Granada), and C. Patrignani (Univ. Genova, INFN). A golden age for heavy quarkonium physics at HERA and the Tevatron matured; and heavy-ion collisions at RHIC opened a window on the deconfinement

180

Transverse self-modulation of ultra-relativistic lepton beams in the plasma wakefield accelerator  

SciTech Connect

The transverse self-modulation of ultra-relativistic, long lepton bunches in high-density plasmas is explored through full-scale particle-in-cell simulations. We demonstrate that long SLAC-type electron and positron bunches can become strongly radially self-modulated over centimeter distances, leading to wake excitation in the blowout regime with accelerating fields in excess of 20 GV/m. We show that particles energy variations exceeding 10 GeV can occur in meter-long plasmas. We find that the self-modulation of positively and negatively charged bunches differs when the blowout is reached. Seeding the self-modulation instability mitigates the effect of the competing hosing instability. This work reveals that a proof-of-principle experiment to test the physics of bunch self-modulation can be performed with available lepton bunches and with existing experimental apparatus and diagnostics.

Vieira, J.; Silva, L. O. [GoLP/Instituto de Plasmas e Fusao Nuclear, Laboratorio Associado Instituto Superior Tecnico, Technical University of Lisbon, Lisboa (Portugal); Fang, Y. [University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089 (United States); Mori, W. B. [University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Muggli, P. [University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089 (United States); Max Planck Institute for Physics, Munich (Germany)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Lepton Number Violating Signals of the Top Partners in the Left-Right Twin Higgs Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the collider signatures of the left-right twin Higgs model in the case that the right-handed neutrino mass is less than the mass of the right-handed gauge boson. In this scenario, new leptonic decay chains open up, allowing the particles which cancel the one-loop quadratic divergences of the Higgs, the right-handed gauge bosons and top-partners, to be discovered. Half of these events contain same-sign leptons without missing energy, which have no genuine standard model background and for which the backgrounds are purely instrumental. These signals may be used to complement other collider searches, and in certain regions of parameter space, may be the only way to observe the particles responsible for natural electroweak symmetry breaking in the left-right twin Higgs model.

Hock-Seng Goh; Christopher A. Krenke

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

182

Search for the standard model Higgs boson in tau lepton pair final states  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a search for the standard model Higgs boson in final states with an electron or muon and a hadronically decaying tau lepton in association with zero, one, or two or more jets using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of up to 7.3 fb{sup -1} collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. The analysis is sensitive to Higgs boson production via gluon gluon fusion, associated vector boson production, and vector boson fusion, and to Higgs boson decays to tau lepton pairs or W boson pairs. Observed (expected) limits are set on the ratio of 95% C.L. upper limits on the cross section times branching ratio, relative to those predicted by the Standard Model, of 14 (22) at a Higgs boson mass of 115 GeV and 7.7 (6.8) at 165 GeV.

Abazov, V.M.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Search for the Higgs boson in lepton, tau and jets final states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a search for the standard model Higgs boson in final states with an electron or muon and a hadronically decaying tau lepton in association with two or more jets using 9.7 fb^{-1} of Run II Fermilab Tevatron Collider data collected with the D0 detector. The analysis is sensitive to Higgs boson production via gluon fusion, associated vector boson production, and vector boson fusion, followed by the Higgs boson decay to tau lepton pairs or to W boson pairs. The ratios of 95% C.L. upper limits on the cross section times branching ratio to those predicted by the standard model are obtained for orthogonal subsamples that are enriched in either H -> tau tau decays or H -> WW decays, and for the combination of these subsample limits. The observed and expected limit ratios for the combined subsamples at a Higgs boson mass of 125 GeV are 11.3 and 9.0 respectively.

D0 Collaboration

2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

184

Lepton Universality Test in Upsilon(1S) Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect

Using a sample of 122 million {Upsilon}(3S) decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric energy collider at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, we measure the ratio R{sub {tau}{mu}} = BR({Upsilon}(1S) {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -})/BR({Upsilon}(1S) {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}); the measurement is intended as a test of lepton universality and as a possible search for a light pseudoscalar Higgs boson in Next to Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) scenarios. Such a boson could appear in a deviation of the ratio R{sub {tau}{mu}} from the Standard Model expectation, that is 1, except for small lepton mass corrections. The analysis exploits the decays {Upsilon}(3S) {yields} {Upsilon}(1S){pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, {Upsilon}(1S) {yields} l{sup +}l{sup -}, where l = {mu},{tau}.

Guido, Elisa; /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

185

Massive neutral gauge boson production as a probe of nuclear modifications of parton distributions at the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the role of nuclear modifications of parton distributions, notably, the nuclear shadowing and antishadowing corrections, in production of lepton pairs from decays of neutral electroweak gauge bosons in proton-lead and lead-collisions at the LHC. Using the Collins-Soper-Sterman resummation formalism that we extended to the case of nuclear parton distributions, we observed a direct correlation between the predicted behavior of the transverse momentum and rapidity distributions of the produced vector bosons and the pattern of quark and gluon nuclear modifications. This makes Drell-Yan pair production in $pA$ and $AA$ collisions at the LHC a useful tool for constraining nuclear PDFs in the small-$x$ shadowing and moderate-$x$ antishadowing regions.

Vadim Guzey; Marco Guzzi; Pavel M. Nadolsky; Mark Strikman; Bowen Wang

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

186

The 5D to 4D projection model applied as a Lepton to Galaxy Creation model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 5D to 4D projection is presented in a simple geometry giving the Perelman Theorem, resulting in a 3D doughnut structure for the space manifold of the Lorentz space-time. It is shown that in the lowest quantum state, this Lorentz manifold confines and gives the de Broglie leptons from the massless 5D e-trinos. On the scale of the universe, it allows for a model for the creation of galaxies.

Kai-Wai Wong; Gisela A. M. Dreschhoff; Högne Jungner

2013-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

187

An SO(10)XS4 Model of Quark-Lepton Complementarity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present observations of Cabbibo angle and solar mixing angle satisfy the empirical relation called Quark-Lepton Complementarity(QLC), namely $\\theta_{12}^l\\sim \\pi/4-\\theta_C$. It suggests the existence of correlation between quarks and leptons which is supported by the idea of grand unification. We propose a specific ansatz for the structure of Yukawa matrices in SO(10) unified theory which leads to such relation if neutrinos get masses through type-II seesaw mechanism. Viability of this ansatz is discussed through detailed analysis of fermion masses and mixing angles all of which can be explained in a model which uses three Higgs fields transforming as 10 and one transforming as $\\bar{126}$ representations under SO(10). It is shown that the proposed ansatz can be derived from an extended model based on the two pairs of 16-dimensional vector-like fermions and an $S_4$ flavor symmetry. The model leads to the lepton mixing matrix that is dominantly bimaximal with ${\\cal O}(\\theta_C)$ corrections related to quark mixing. A generic prediction of the model is the reactor angle $\\theta_{13}^l\\sim \\theta_C/\\sqrt{2}$ which is close to its present experimental upper bound.

Ketan M. Patel

2010-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

188

Heavy Ion Collisions at the LHC - Last Call for Predictions  

SciTech Connect

In August 2006, the CERN Theory Unit announced to restructure its visitor program and to create a 'CERN Theory Institute', where 1-3 month long specific programs can take place. The first such Institute was held from 14 May to 10 June 2007, focusing on 'Heavy Ion Collisions at the LHC - Last Call for Predictions'. It brought together close to 100 scientists working on the theory of ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions. The aim of this workshop was to review and document the status of expectations and predictions for the heavy ion program at the Large Hadron Collider LHC before its start. LHC will explore heavy ion collisions at {approx} 30 times higher center of mass energy than explored previously at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider RHIC. So, on the one hand, the charge of this workshop provided a natural forum for the exchange of the most recent ideas, and allowed to monitor how the understanding of heavy ion collisions has evolved in recent years with the data from RHIC, and with the preparation of the LHC experimental program. On the other hand, the workshop aimed at a documentation which helps to distinguish pre- from post-dictions. An analogous documentation of the 'Last Call for Predictions' [1] was prepared prior to the start of the heavy-ion program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider RHIC, and it proved useful in the subsequent discussion and interpretation of RHIC data. The present write-up is the documentation of predictions for the LHC heavy ion program, received or presented during the CERN TH Institute. The set-up of the CERN TH Institute allowed us to aim for the wide-most coverage of predictions. There were more than 100 presentations and discussions during the workshop. Moreover, those unable to attend could still participate by submitting predictions in written form during the workshop. This followed the spirit that everybody interested in making a prediction had the right to be heard. To arrive at a concise document, we required that each prediction should be summarized on at most two pages, and that predictions should be presented, whenever possible, in figures which display measurable quantities. Full model descriptions were not accepted--the authors were encouraged to indicate the relevant references for the interested reader. Participants had the possibility to submit multiple contributions on different topics, but it was part of the subsequent editing process to ensure that predictions on neighboring topics were merged wherever possible. The contributions summarized here are organized in several sections,--though some of them contain material related with more than one section--roughly by going from low transverse momentum to high transverse momentum and from abundant to rare measurements. In the low transverse momentum regime, we start with predictions on multiplicity distributions, azimuthal asymmetries in particle production and hadronic flavor observables, followed by correlation and fluctuation measurements. The contributions on hard probes at the LHC start with predictions for single inclusive high transverse momentum spectra, and jets, followed by heavy quark and quarkonium measurements, leptonic probes and photons. A final section 'Others' encompasses those predictions which do not fall naturally within one of the above-mentioned categories, or discuss the more speculative phenomena that may be explored at the LHC.

Armesto, N; Borghini, N; Jeon, S; Wiedemann, U A; Abreu, S; Akkelin, V; Alam, J; Albacete, J L; Andronic, A; Antonuv, D; Arleo, F; Armesto, N; Arsene, I C; Barnafoldi, G G; Barrette, J; Bauchle, B; Becattini, F; Betz, B; Bleicher, M; Bluhm, M; Boer, D; Bopp, F W; Braun-Munzinger, P; Bravina, L; Busza, W; Cacciari, M; Capella, A; Casalderrey-Solana, J; Chatterjee, R; Chen, L; Cleymans, J; Cole, B A; delValle, Z C; Csernai, L P; Cunqueiro, L; Dainese, A; de Deus, J D; Ding, H; Djordjevic, M; Drescher, H; Dremin, I M; Dumitru, A; El, A; Engel, R; d' Enterria, D; Eskola, K J; Fai, G; Ferreiro, E G; Fries, R J; Frodermann, E; Fujii, H; Gale, C; Gelis, F; Goncalves, V P; Greco, V; Gyulassy, M; van Hees, H; Heinz, U; Honkanen, H; Horowitz, W A; Iancu, E; Ingelman, G; Jalilian-Marian, J; Jeon, S; Kaidalov, A B; Kampfer, B; Kang, Z; Karpenko, I A; Kestin, G; Kharzeev, D; Ko, C M; Koch, B; Kopeliovich, B; Kozlov, M; Kraus, I; Kuznetsova, I; Lee, S H; Lednicky, R; Letessier, J; Levin, E; Li, B; Lin, Z; Liu, H; Liu, W; Loizides, C; Lokhtin, I P; Machado, M T; Malinina, L V; Managadze, A M; Mangano, M L; Mannarelli, M; Manuel, C; Martinez, G; Milhano, J G; Mocsy, A; Molnar, D; Nardi, M; Nayak, J K; Niemi, H; Oeschler, H; Ollitrault, J; Paic, G; Pajares, C; Pantuev, V S; Papp, G; Peressounko, D; Petreczky, P; Petrushanko, S V; Piccinini, F; Pierog, T; Pirner, H J; Porteboeuf, S; Potashnikova, I; Qin, G Y; Qiu, J; Rafelski, J; Rajagopal, K; Ranft, J; Rapp, R; Rasanen, S S; Rathsman, J; Rau, P; Redlich, K; Renk, T; Rezaeian, A H; Rischke, D; Roesler, S; Ruppert, J; Ruuskanen, P V; Salgado, C A; Sapeta, S; Sarcevic, I; Sarkar, S; Sarycheva, L I; Schmidt, I; Shoski, A I; Sinha, B; Sinyukov, Y M; Snigirev, A M; Srivastava, D K; Stachel, J; Stasto, A; Stocker, H; Teplov, C Y; Thews, R L; Torrieri, G; Pop, V T; Triantafyllopoulos, D N; Tuchin, K L; Turbide, S; Tywoniuk, K; Utermann, A; Venugopalan, R; Vitev, I; Vogt, R; Wang, E; Wang, X N; Werner, K; Wessels, E; Wheaton, S; Wicks, S; Wiedemann, U A; Wolschin, G; Xiao, B; Xu, Z; Yasui, S; Zabrodin, E; Zapp, K; Zhang, B

2008-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

189

Neutral Supersymmetric Higgs Boson Searches  

SciTech Connect

In some Supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model, including the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), the coupling of Higgs bosons to b-quarks is enhanced. This enhancement makes the associated production of the Higgs with b-quarks an interesting search channel for the Higgs and Supersymmetry at D0. The identification of b-quarks, both online and offline, is essential to this search effort. This thesis describes the author's involvement in the development of both types of b-tagging and in the application of these techniques to the MSSM Higgs search. Work was carried out on the Level-3 trigger b-tagging algorithms. The impact parameter (IP) b-tagger was retuned and the effects of increased instantaneous luminosity on the tagger were studied. An extension of the IP-tagger to use the z-tracking information was developed. A new b-tagger using secondary vertices was developed and commissioned. A tool was developed to allow the use of large multi-run samples for trigger studies involving b-quarks. Offline, a neural network (NN) b-tagger was trained combining the existing offline lifetime based b-tagging tools. The efficiency and fake rate of the NN b-tagger were measured in data and MC. This b-tagger was internally reviewed and certified by the Collaboration and now provides the official b-tagging for all analyses using the Run IIa dataset at D0. A search was performed for neutral MSSM Higgs bosons decaying to a b{bar b} pair and produced in association with one or more b-quarks. Limits are set on the cross-section times the branching ratio for such a process. The limits were interpreted in various MSSM scenarios. This analysis uses the NN b-tagger and was the first to use this tool. The analysis also relies on triggers using the Level-3 IP b-tagging tool described previously. A likelihood discriminant was used to improve the analysis and a neural network was developed to cross-check this technique. The result of the analysis has been submitted to PRL and is comparable to the result from CDF in the same channel which uses approximately twice the integrated luminosity.

Robinson, Stephen Luke; /Imperial Coll., London

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Vertical Motion of Neutrally Buoyant Floats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vertical motion of a neutrally buoyant float is determined from the solution to the nonlinear forced harmonic oscillator equation originally set forth by Voorhis. Float response to forced vertical oscillations is characterized by the response ...

Louis Goodman; Edward R. Levine

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

A Neutrally Buoyant, Upper Ocean Sediment Trap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors have designed and deployed a neutrally buoyant sediment trap (NBST) intended for use in the upper ocean. The aim was to minimize hydrodynamic flow interference by making a sediment trap that drifted freely with the ambient current. ...

James R. Valdes; James F. Price

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider managed for the U.S. Department of Energy by Brookhaven Science Associates, founded by Stony Brook University and Battelle. managed for the U.S. Department of Energy by Brookhaven Science Associates, a company founded by Stony Brook University and Battelle 07/07 Brookhaven National Laboratory Funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Brookhaven National Laboratory is a multipurpose research institution located on a 5,300-acre site on Long Island, New York. Six Nobel Prize-winning discoveries have been made at Brookhaven Lab. The Laboratory operates large-scale scientific facilities and performs research in physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, applied science, and

193

Characterizing Heavy Ion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Heavy Ion Heavy Ion Reactions in the 1980's Is there Treasure at the end of the Rainbow? & What happens and how do different modes compete? John Schiffer One of the three research areas for ATLAS, as stated in a 1984 document to Congress: Are there some new marvelous symmetries, hidden in resonances in heavier nuclei, beyond 12 C+ 12 C and its immediate vicinity? (s.c. linac work, pre-ATLAS) Other attempts to chase the rainbow 180 o elastic scattering of 12 C on 40 Ca shows structure Fusion of 16 O on 40 Ca does not. In the end, it seemed that these structures were sometimes present in alpha-particle nuclei, but almost never in others. Some optimists, continued the pursuit. We also looked at the total fusion cross section in systems that showed resonances in scattering.

194

Computing Heavy Elements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliable calculations of the structure of heavy elements are crucial to address fundamental science questions such as the origin of the elements in the universe. Applications relevant for energy production, medicine, or national security also rely on theoretical predictions of basic properties of atomic nuclei. Heavy elements are best described within the nuclear density functional theory (DFT) and its various extensions. While relatively mature, DFT has never been implemented in its full power, as it relies on a very large number (~ 10^9-10^12) of expensive calculations (~ day). The advent of leadership-class computers, as well as dedicated large-scale collaborative efforts such as the SciDAC 2 UNEDF project, have dramatically changed the field. This article gives an overview of the various computational challenges related to the nuclear DFT, as well as some of the recent achievements.

Schunck, N; Kortelainen, M; McDonnell, J; Moré, J; Nazarewicz, W; Pei, J; Sarich, J; Sheikh, J; Staszczak, A; Stoitsov, M; Wild, S M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Computing Heavy Elements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliable calculations of the structure of heavy elements are crucial to address fundamental science questions such as the origin of the elements in the universe. Applications relevant for energy production, medicine, or national security also rely on theoretical predictions of basic properties of atomic nuclei. Heavy elements are best described within the nuclear density functional theory (DFT) and its various extensions. While relatively mature, DFT has never been implemented in its full power, as it relies on a very large number (~ 10^9-10^12) of expensive calculations (~ day). The advent of leadership-class computers, as well as dedicated large-scale collaborative efforts such as the SciDAC 2 UNEDF project, have dramatically changed the field. This article gives an overview of the various computational challenges related to the nuclear DFT, as well as some of the recent achievements.

N. Schunck; A. Baran; M. Kortelainen; J. McDonnell; J. Moré; W. Nazarewicz; J. Pei; J. Sarich; J. Sheikh; A. Staszczak; M. Stoitsov; S. M. Wild

2011-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

196

Heavy Vehicle Propulsion Materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objectives are to Provide Key Enabling Materials Technologies to Increase Energy Efficiency and Reduce Exhaust Emissions. The following goals are listed: Goal 1: By 3rd quarter 2002, complete development of materials enabling the maintenance or improvement of fuel efficiency {ge} 45% of class 7-8 truck engines while meeting the EPA/Justice Department ''Consent Decree'' for emissions reduction. Goal 2: By 4th quarter 2004, complete development of enabling materials for light-duty (class 1-2) diesel truck engines with efficiency over 40%, over a wide range of loads and speeds, while meeting EPA Tier 2 emission regulations. Goal 3: By 4th quarter 2006, complete development of materials solutions to enable heavy-duty diesel engine efficiency of 50% while meeting the emission reduction goals identified in the EPA proposed rule for heavy-duty highway engines.''

Ray Johnson

2000-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

197

Heavy Ions - Cyclotron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Heavy Ions Heavy Ions Heavy ions used at the BASE Facility are accelerated in the form of "cocktails," named because of the fact that several heavy ions with the same mass-to-charge ratio are sent into the Cyclotron, which accelerates the ions while acting as a precision mass separator. The Control Room Operator then uses Cyclotron frequency to select only the desired ion, a process that takes about 2 minutes. We provide four standard cocktails: 4.5, 10, 16, and 30 MeV/nucleon. Depending on the cocktail, LETs from 1 to 100 MeV/(mg/cm^2) and flux levels of up to 1E7 ions/cm2-sec are available. Parts are tested in our vacuum chamber, and can be remotely positioned horizontally, vertically, or rotationally (y and z axes) with the motion table. An alignment laser is available to ensure the part is in the center of the beam. Mounting hardware is readily available. 12xBNC (F-F), 2x25-pin D (F-M or M-F), 4x40-pin flat ribbon (M-M), 4x50-pin flat ribbon (M-M), 12xSMA (F-F), and 2xEthernet vacuum feedthroughs are mounted upon request. (The 4x40-pin and 4x50-pin flat ribbon connectors are wired straight across, so you will need a F-F adapter to correct the pin numbers to normal.) Holes are provided through the cave shielding blocks for connecting additional test equipment, with a distance of approximately 10 feet from vacuum feedthrough to the top of the shielding block.

198

Utah Heavy Oil Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Utah Heavy Oil Program (UHOP) was established in June 2006 to provide multidisciplinary research support to federal and state constituents for addressing the wide-ranging issues surrounding the creation of an industry for unconventional oil production in the United States. Additionally, UHOP was to serve as an on-going source of unbiased information to the nation surrounding technical, economic, legal and environmental aspects of developing heavy oil, oil sands, and oil shale resources. UHOP fulGilled its role by completing three tasks. First, in response to the Energy Policy Act of 2005 Section 369(p), UHOP published an update report to the 1987 technical and economic assessment of domestic heavy oil resources that was prepared by the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission. The UHOP report, entitled 'A Technical, Economic, and Legal Assessment of North American Heavy Oil, Oil Sands, and Oil Shale Resources' was published in electronic and hard copy form in October 2007. Second, UHOP developed of a comprehensive, publicly accessible online repository of unconventional oil resources in North America based on the DSpace software platform. An interactive map was also developed as a source of geospatial information and as a means to interact with the repository from a geospatial setting. All documents uploaded to the repository are fully searchable by author, title, and keywords. Third, UHOP sponsored Give research projects related to unconventional fuels development. Two projects looked at issues associated with oil shale production, including oil shale pyrolysis kinetics, resource heterogeneity, and reservoir simulation. One project evaluated in situ production from Utah oil sands. Another project focused on water availability and produced water treatments. The last project considered commercial oil shale leasing from a policy, environmental, and economic perspective.

J. Bauman; S. Burian; M. Deo; E. Eddings; R. Gani; R. Goel; C.K. Huang; M. Hogue; R. Keiter; L. Li; J. Ruple; T. Ring; P. Rose; M. Skliar; P.J. Smith; J.P. Spinti; P. Tiwari; J. Wilkey; K. Uchitel

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

199

Status of the START neutral beam project  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A major advantage of spherical tokamaks is their potential for achieving high beta and high plasma density in modest sized plasmas using low magntic field. Given this combination of low field and high density, neutral beam injection can provide effective auxiliary heating for the next generation of spherical tokamaks. A neutral beam injector, shipped recently from Oak Ridge National Laboratory as part of an ongoing collaboration on spherical tokamak research, has now been installed onto the START (Small Tight Aspect Ratio Tokamak) experiment at Culham Laboratory. This should provide the first experimental test of neutral injectino into spherical tokamak plasmas, and allow the effects of neutral beam heating on energy confinement and beta values to be assessed at low aspect ratios. This experiment also extends the data base of confinement scaling for tokamaks in general. Modifications to START have included in-situ machining of a new 31 cm diameter port for NBI, plus the installation of a new graphite neutral beam stop equipped with thermocouples to provide beam profile and shinethrough diagnosis. The major modification to the NBI beamline has been the installation of an optical fiber coupled control and instrumentation system. The injector will be operated without cryopumps in a 'volume pumped' configuration, and should provide 0.5 MW of injected hydrogen neutral power at a beam energy of 40 keV for 20 ms pulses. The status of the installation and commissioning program is reported.

Nightingale, M. P. S. [Association EURATOM-CCFE, Abingdon, UK; Peng, Yueng Kay Martin [ORNL

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Beam Compression in Heavy-Ion Induction Linacs  

SciTech Connect

The Heavy-Ion Fusion Sciences Virtual National Laboratory is pursuing an approach to target heating experiments in the Warm Dense Matter regime, using space-charge-dominated ion beams that are simultaneously longitudinally bunched and transversely focused. Longitudinal beam compression by large factors has been demonstrated in the LBNL Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment (NDCX) experiment with controlled ramps and forced neutralization. The achieved peak beam current and energy can be used in experiments to heat targets and create warm dense matter. Using an injected 30 mA K{sup +} ion beam with initial kinetic energy 0.3 MeV, axial compression leading to {approx}50x current amplification and simultaneous radial focusing to beam radii of a few mm have led to encouraging energy deposition approaching the intensities required for eV-range target heating experiments. We discuss experiments that are under development to reach the necessary higher beam intensities and the associated beam diagnostics.

Seidl, P.A.; Anders, A.; Bieniosek, F.M.; Barnard, J.J.; Calanog, J.; Chen, A.X.; Cohen, R.H.; Coleman, J.E.; Dorf, M.; Gilson, E.P.; Grote, D.P.; Jung, J.Y.; Leitner, M.; Lidia, S.M.; Logan, B.G.; Ni, P.; Roy, P.K.; Van den Bogert, K.; Waldron, W.L.; Welch, D.R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Particle Data Group - 2012 Particle Listings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cut-off date for this update was January 15, 2012. Cut-off date for this update was January 15, 2012. GAUGE AND HIGGS BOSONS (gamma, g, W, Z, ...) gamma g (gluon) graviton W boson Z boson Higgs Bosons (H0 and H+-), Searches for Heavy Bosons, Other Than Higgs Bosons, Searches for (rev.) Axions (A0) and Other Very Light Bosons, Searches for (rev.) Collapse Gauge and Higgs Boson table LEPTONS (e, mu, tau, neutrinos, heavy leptons ...) electron muon tau Heavy Charged Lepton Searches Introduction to the Neutrino Properties Listings (rev.) Neutrino Properties Number of Neutrino Types Double-beta Decay Note on Neutrinoless Double-beta Decay (rev.) Introduction to Three-Neutrino Mixing Parameters Listings Neutrino Mixing (rev.) Heavy Neutral Leptons, Searches for Collapse Leptons table QUARKS (u, d, s, c, b, t, ...) Note on the Quark Masses (rev.)

202

Particle Data Group - 2008 Particle Listings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GAUGE AND HIGGS BOSONS (gamma, g, W, Z, ...) gamma g (gluon) graviton W boson Z boson Higgs Bosons (H0 and H+-), Searches for Heavy Bosons, Other Than Higgs Bosons, Searches for Axions (A0) and Other Very Light Bosons, Searches for Collapse Gauge and Higgs Boson table LEPTONS (e, mu, tau, neutrinos, heavy leptons ...) electron muon tau Heavy Charged Lepton Searches Introduction to the Neutrino Properties Listings Neutrino Properties Number of Neutrino Types Double-beta Decay Note on Neutrinoless Double-beta Decay Neutrino Mixing Solar Neutrinos Review Heavy Neutral Leptons, Searches for Collapse Leptons table QUARKS (u, d, s, c, b, t, ...) Note on the Quark Masses LIGHT QUARKS --- u, d, s c quark b quark t quark b' quark (4**th Generation) t' quark (4**th Generation) Free Quark Searches

203

Particle Data Group - 2013 Particle Listings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

. . and 2013 partial update for the 2014 edition. Cut-off date for this update was January 15, 2013. GAUGE AND HIGGS BOSONS (gamma, g, W, Z, ...) gamma g (gluon) graviton W boson Z boson Higgs Bosons (H0 and H+-) Heavy Bosons, Other Than Higgs Bosons, Searches for (rev.) Axions (A0) and Other Very Light Bosons, Searches for (rev.) Collapse Gauge and Higgs Boson table LEPTONS (e, mu, tau, neutrinos, heavy leptons ...) electron muon tau Heavy Charged Lepton Searches Introduction to the Neutrino Properties Listings (rev.) Neutrino Properties Number of Neutrino Types Double-beta Decay Note on Neutrinoless Double-beta Decay (rev.) Introduction to Three-Neutrino Mixing Parameters Listings Neutrino Mixing (rev.) Heavy Neutral Leptons, Searches for Collapse Leptons table QUARKS (u, d, s, c, b, t, ...)

204

Particle Data Group - 2010 Particle Listings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GAUGE AND HIGGS BOSONS (gamma, g, W, Z, ...) gamma g (gluon) graviton W boson Z boson Higgs Bosons (H0 and H+-), Searches for Heavy Bosons, Other Than Higgs Bosons, Searches for Axions (A0) and Other Very Light Bosons, Searches for Collapse Gauge and Higgs Boson table LEPTONS (e, mu, tau, neutrinos, heavy leptons ...) electron muon tau Heavy Charged Lepton Searches Introduction to the Neutrino Properties Listings Neutrino Properties Number of Neutrino Types Double-beta Decay Note on Neutrinoless Double-beta Decay Introduction to Three-Neutrino Mixing Parameters Listings Neutrino Mixing Heavy Neutral Leptons, Searches for Collapse Leptons table QUARKS (u, d, s, c, b, t, ...) Note on the Quark Masses LIGHT QUARKS --- u, d, s c quark b quark t quark b' quark (4**th Generation)

205

Single pion electro-- and neutrinoproduction on heavy targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a calculation of single pion electroproduction cross sections on heavy targets in the kinematic region of the Delta(1232) resonance. Final state interactions of the pions are taken into account using the pion multiple scattering model of Adler, Nussinov and Paschos (ANP model). For electroproduction and neutral current reactions we obtain results for carbon, oxygen, argon and iron targets and find a significant reduction of the W-spectra for pi^0 as compared to the free nucleon case. On the other hand, the charged pion spectra are only little affected by final state interactions. Measurements of such cross sections with the CLAS detector at JLAB could help to improve our understanding of pion rescattering effects and serve as important/valuable input for calculations of single pion neutrinoproduction on heavy targets relevant for current and future long baseline neutrino experiments. Two ratios, in Eq. (3.8) and (3.10), will test important properties of the model.

Paschos, E A; Yu, J -Y

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Single pion electro-- and neutrinoproduction on heavy targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a calculation of single pion electroproduction cross sections on heavy targets in the kinematic region of the Delta(1232) resonance. Final state interactions of the pions are taken into account using the pion multiple scattering model of Adler, Nussinov and Paschos (ANP model). For electroproduction and neutral current reactions we obtain results for carbon, oxygen, argon and iron targets and find a significant reduction of the W-spectra for pi^0 as compared to the free nucleon case. On the other hand, the charged pion spectra are only little affected by final state interactions. Measurements of such cross sections with the CLAS detector at JLAB could help to improve our understanding of pion rescattering effects and serve as important/valuable input for calculations of single pion neutrinoproduction on heavy targets relevant for current and future long baseline neutrino experiments. Two ratios, in Eq. (3.8) and (3.10), will test important properties of the model.

E. A. Paschos; I. Schienbein; J. -Y. Yu

2007-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

207

Heavy Truck Engine Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Heavy Duty Truck Engine Program at Cummins embodied three significant development phases. All phases of work strove to demonstrate a high level of diesel engine efficiency in the face of increasingly stringent emission requirements. Concurrently, aftertreatment system development and refinement was pursued in support of these efficiency demonstrations. The program's first phase focused on the demonstration in-vehicle of a high level of heavy duty diesel engine efficiency (45% Brake Thermal Efficiency) at a typical cruise condition while achieving composite emissions results which met the 2004 U.S. EPA legislated standards. With a combination of engine combustion calibration tuning and the development and application of Urea-based SCR and particulate aftertreatment, these demonstrations were successfully performed by Q4 of 2002. The second phase of the program directed efforts towards an in-vehicle demonstration of an engine system capable of meeting 2007 U.S. EPA legislated emissions requirements while achieving 45% Brake Thermal Efficiency at cruise conditions. Through further combustion optimization, the refinement of Cummins Cooled EGR architecture, the application of a high pressure common rail fuel system and the incorporation of optimized engine parasitics, Cummins Inc. successfully demonstrated these deliverables in Q2 of 2004. The program's final phase set a stretch goal of demonstrating 50% Brake Thermal Efficiency from a heavy duty diesel engine system capable of meeting 2010 U.S. EPA legislated emissions requirements. Cummins chose to pursue this goal through further combustion development and refinement of the Cooled EGR system architecture and also applied a Rankine cycle Waste Heat Recovery technique to convert otherwise wasted thermal energy to useful power. The engine and heat recovery system was demonstrated to achieve 50% Brake Thermal Efficiency while operating at a torque peak condition in second quarter, 2006. The 50% efficient engine system was capable of meeting 2010 emissions requirements through the application of NOx and particulate matter reduction techniques proven earlier in the program.

Nelson, Christopher

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

208

Commissioning Results of the Upgraded Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMISSIONING RESULTS OF THE UPGRADED NEUTRALIZED DRIFTexperiments. We report on commissioning results of the

Lidia, S.M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Technology Analysis - Heavy Vehicle Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the GPRA benefits estimates for EERE's Vehicle Technologies Program's heavy vehicle technology research activities. Argonne researchers develop the benefits analysis using four...

210

DEDICATED HEAVY ION MEDICAL ACCELERATORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et al. , ,8iolog·ical and Medical Research with Acceleratedet al. , "Biological and Medical Research with J\\cceleratedic Heavy Ions in Medical and Scientific Research, Edmonton,

Gough, R.A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Heavy Ion Fusion development plan  

SciTech Connect

Some general cnsiderations in the fusion development program are given. The various factors are considered that must be determined before heavy ion fusion can be assessed. (MOW)

Maschke, A.W.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Very high energy heavy-ion accelerators  

SciTech Connect

A review is given of various programs for building heavy ion accelerators. Topics discussed are (1) options of reaching very high energies with heavy ions; (2) present performance of the superHILAC and the Bevalac; (3) heavy ion sources; (4) applications of heavy ion accelerators outside of basic research; and (5) reliability and operating costs of heavy ion sources. (PMA)

Grunder, H.A.

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Neutrino Mixings and Leptonic CP Violation from CKM Matrix and Majorana Phases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The high scale mixing unification hypothesis recently proposed by three of us (R. N. M., M. K. P. and G. R.) states that if at the seesaw scale, the quark and lepton mixing matrices are equal then for quasi-degenerate neutrinos, radiative corrections can lead to large solar and atmospheric mixings and small reactor angle at the weak scale in agreement with data. Evidence for quasi-degenerate neutrinos could, within this framework, be interpreted as a sign of quark-lepton unification at high scale. In the current work, we extend this model to show that the hypothesis works quite successfully in the presence of CP violating phases (which were set to zero in the first paper). In the case where the PMNS matrix is identical to the CKM matrix at the seesaw scale, with a Dirac phase but no Majorana phase, the low energy Dirac phase is predicted to be ($\\simeq 0.3^{\\circ}$) and leptonic CP-violation parameter $J_{CP} \\simeq (4 - 8)\\times 10^{-5}$ and $\\theta_{13} = 3.5^{\\circ}$. If on the other hand, the PMNS matrix is assumed to also have Majorana phases initially, the resulting theory damps radiative magnification phenomenon for a large range of parameters but nevertheless has enough parameter space to give the two necessary large neutrino mixing angles. In this case, one has $\\theta_{13} = 3.5^{\\circ} - 10^{\\circ}$ and $|J_{CP}|$ as large as $0.02-0.04$ which are accessible to long baseline neutrino oscillation experiments.

S. K. Agarwalla; M. K. Parida; R. N. Mohapatra; G. Rajasekaran

2006-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

214

Methods for neutralizing anthrax or anthrax spores  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention concerns methods, compositions and apparatus for neutralizing bioagents, wherein bioagents comprise biowarfare agents, biohazardous agents, biological agents and/or infectious agents. The methods comprise exposing the bioagent to an organic semiconductor and exposing the bioagent and organic semiconductor to a source of energy. Although any source of energy is contemplated, in some embodiments the energy comprises visible light, ultraviolet, infrared, radiofrequency, microwave, laser radiation, pulsed corona discharge or electron beam radiation. Exemplary organic semiconductors include DAT and DALM. In certain embodiments, the organic semiconductor may be attached to one or more binding moieties, such as an antibody, antibody fragment, or nucleic acid ligand. Preferably, the binding moiety has a binding affinity for one or more bioagents to be neutralized. Other embodiments concern an apparatus comprising an organic semiconductor and an energy source. In preferred embodiments, the methods, compositions and apparatus are used for neutralizing anthrax spores.

Sloan, Mark A; Vivekandanda, Jeevalatha; Holwitt, Eric A; Kiel, Johnathan L

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

215

Leptonic CP Phase in {nu}{sub {mu}}{yields}{nu}{sub {mu}} Oscillations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the case of large 1-3 mixing angle as sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub 13}{>=}0.03, we investigate the possibility for measuring the leptonic CP phase by using only {nu}{sub {mu}}{yields}{nu}{sub {mu}} oscillations independently of {nu}{sub {mu}}{yields}{nu}{sub e} oscillations. As the result, we find that the CP phase can be measured best around the energy E = 0.43 GeV and the baseline length L = 5000 km without depending on the uncertainties of other parameters too much. In this region, the CP phase effect remains even after averaging over neutrino energy.

Kimura, Keiichi; Yoshikawa, Tadashi [Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Nagoya, 464-8602 (Japan); Takamura, Akira [Department of Mathematics, Toyota National College of Technology Eisei-cho 2-1, Toyota-shi, 471-8525 (Japan)

2008-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

216

Trigger Algorithm Design for a SUSY Lepton Trigger based on Forward Proton Tagging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) pair production of SUSY leptons in gamma-gamma interactions will often include intact off-energy protons. Including detectors in the beampipe to measure these protons can give additional information to separate these events from background. We report on expected event rates and background rejection for a slepton trigger design in the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment incorporating forward proton information. We conclude that a trigger that can observe an interesting number of events is feasible with the appropriate detector hardware.

Gronberg, J; Hollar, J

2010-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

217

Apparatus for neutralization of accelerated ions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus for neutralization of a beam of accelerated ions, such as hydrogen negative ions (H.sup.-), using relatively efficient strip diode lasers which emit monochromatically at an appropriate wavelength (.lambda. = 8000 A for H.sup.- ions) to strip the excess electrons by photodetachment. A cavity, formed by two or more reflectors spaced apart, causes the laser beams to undergo multiple reflections within the cavity, thus increasing the efficiency and reducing the illumination required to obtain an acceptable percentage (.about. 85%) of neutralization.

Fink, Joel H. (Livermore, CA); Frank, Alan M. (Livermore, CA)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Neutral beam injection in 2XIIB  

SciTech Connect

Integrated into the operation of the 2XIIB controlled fusion experiment is a 600-A, 20-keV neutral injection system: the highest neutral-beam current capacity of any existing fusion machine. This paper outlines the requirements of the injection system and the design features to which they led. Both mechanical and electrical aspects are discussed. Also included is a brief description of some operational aspects of the system and some of the things we have learned along the way, as well as a short history of the most significant developments. (auth)

Hibbs, S.M.

1975-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Higgs boson finder and mass estimator: The Higgs boson to WW to leptons decay channel at the LHC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We exploit the spin and kinematic correlations in the decay of a scalar boson into a pair of real or virtual W-bosons, with both W-bosons decaying leptonically, for Higgs boson discovery at 7 TeV LHC energy with 10 fb{sup -1} luminosity. Without reconstruction of the events, we obtain estimators of the Higgs mass from the peak and width of the signal distribution in m{sub ll}. The separation of signal and background with other distributions, such as the azimuthal angle between two W decay planes, the rapidity difference between the two leptons, missing E{sub T}, and the p{sub T} of leptons, are also prescribed. Our approach identifies the salient Higgs to dilepton signatures that allow subtraction of the continuum W*W* background.

Barger, Vernon; Huang, Peisi [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Heavy Machine Shop | Central Fabrication Services | Brookhaven...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Heavy Machine Shop Heavy Machine Shop The Heavy Machine Shop facility is located in building 479, and may be accessed by the main door on the north face or front of the building....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Two heavy fermions bound via Higgs boson exchange  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A system of two heavy fermions, leptons or quarks of the fourth generation, which are bound together via the Higgs boson exchange is studied. The conventional Yukawa-type interaction produced by this exchange is accompanied by several important corrections. We derived the Hamiltonian, which describes the correction arising from the retardation (compare the Breit correction in QED); we also calculated the relativistic and radiative corrections. The Higgs-induced bound state appears for the fermion mass m>m_{cr} \\approx 500 GeV. When the long-range Coulomb interaction or the gluon exchange are included, the bound states exist for any mass, but the Higgs exchange drastically increases the binding energy of these states when m is approaching m_{cr}. In the region m>m_{cr} the gluon exchange gives a sizable correction to the Higgs induced binding energy. This correction greatly exceeds typical binding energies in the states produced via the gluon exchange only. The possibility of detection of the considered bound states at LHC is discussed.

Victor Flambaum; Michael Kuchiev

2011-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

222

Lepton production at the LHC from singly- and doubly-charged bilepton  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some extensions of the standard model predict the existence of particles having two units of leptonic charge, known as bileptons. One of such models is based on the SU(3){sub c} Multiplication-Sign SU(3){sub L} Multiplication-Sign U(1){sub X} symmetry group (3-3-1). Our search uses the minimal version of this model, having exotic charges for the quarks and gauge bosons. It predicts the existence of bileptons as vector particles having one unit of electric charge (V{sup {+-}}) or two units of electric charge (Y{sup {+-}{+-}}). Our aim is to establish the signatures for the production of four fermions in pp collisions at the LHC for 7 TeV center of mass energy. We present the total cross section and we show the leptons invariant mass and transverse momentum distributions. We conclude that LHC collider can show a clear signature for a process induced by bileptons as a signal of new physics.

Sa Borges, J. [Instituto de Fisica, UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Coutinho, Y. A. [Instituto de Fisica, UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Barreto, E. R. [C C N H, UFABC, Santo Andre, SP (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

223

Diagnostics for neutral-beam-heated tokamaks  

SciTech Connect

Diagnostic techniques for neutral-beam-heated tokamak plasmas fall into three categories: (1) magnetic diagnostics for measurements of gross stored energy, (2) profile diagnostics for measurements of stored thermal and beam energy, impurity content and plasma rotation, and (3) fast time resolution diagnostics to study MHD fluctuations and micro-turbulence.

Goldston, R.J.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Transition Radiation of Ultrarelativistic Neutral Particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We perform a quantum theoretical calculation of transition radiation by neutral particles with spin 1/2 equipped with magnetic moments and/or electric dipole moments. The limit of vanishing masses is treated exactly for arbitrary refraction index. Finally we apply our result to the solar neutrino flux.

W. Grimus; H. Neufeld

1994-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

225

CP Violation, Neutral Currents, and Weak Equivalence  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Within the past few months two excellent summaries of the state of our knowledge of the weak interactions have been presented. Correspondingly, we will not attempt a comprehensive review but instead concentrate this discussion on the status of CP violation, the question of the neutral currents, and the weak equivalence principle.

Fitch, V. L.

1972-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

226

Heavy crude oil recovery  

SciTech Connect

The oil crisis of the past decade has focused most of the attention and effort of researchers on crude oil resources, which are accepted as unrecoverable using known technology. World reserves are estimated to be 600-1000 billion metric tons, and with present technology 160 billion tons of this total can be recovered. This book is devoted to the discussion of Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) techniques, their mechanism and applicability to heavy oil reservoirs. The book also discusses some field results. The use of numerical simulators has become important, in addition to laboratory research, in analysing the applicability of oil recovery processes, and for this reason the last section of the book is devoted to simulators used in EOR research.

Okandan, E.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

HEAVY ION LINEAR ACCELERATOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A linear accelerator of heavy ions is described. The basic contributions of the invention consist of a method and apparatus for obtaining high energy particles of an element with an increased charge-to-mass ratio. The method comprises the steps of ionizing the atoms of an element, accelerating the resultant ions to an energy substantially equal to one Mev per nucleon, stripping orbital electrons from the accelerated ions by passing the ions through a curtain of elemental vapor disposed transversely of the path of the ions to provide a second charge-to-mass ratio, and finally accelerating the resultant stripped ions to a final energy of at least ten Mev per nucleon.

Van Atta, C.M.; Beringer, R.; Smith, L.

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

MUTUAL CHARGE NEUTRALIZATION OF GASEOUS IONS (thesis)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The problem of the bimolecular rate constant, alpha , for the mutual charge neutralization reaction (ion-ion recombination) for ions formed by the vacuum ultraviolet photolysis of nitric oxide is considered. The pressure dependence of alpha over a pressure range of 10 to 600 torr for mixtures of a few hundred microns of NO with He, Ar, Kr, Xe, H/sub 2/, D/sub 2/, and N/sub 2/ was measured. From the low-pressure limit of alpha , the rate constant for charge neutralization in the absence of a third body was found to be k/sub o/ = 2.1 plus or minus 0.4 x 10/sup -7/ cm/sup 3// sec. The high-pressure limit of alpha was estimated to be 2.0 plus or minus 0.5 x 10/sup -6/ cm/sup 3//sec. The third-body efficiencies for promoting the charge-neutralization reaction were measured. The results, relative to He as the third-body gas, are H/sub 2/= 1.4 plus or minus 0.4, D/sub 2/= 1.5 plus or minus 0.4, Ar =3.6 plus or minus 0.8, Kr =4.3 plus or min11.0, N/sub 2/ = 5.2 plus or minus 1.1, and Xe = 6.8 plus or minus 1.5. The average ionic mobility in the gas mixtures is estimated, and the mobilities indicate that at least some of the ions must be present as ion clusters. It is shown that the addition of NO/sub 2/ or H/sub 2/O further lowers the mobility. A detailed calculation of the three-body charge-neutralization process was made using a computer. This calculation considers that the rate of charge neutralization is the rate at which ion pairs are deactivated by collision with the neutral gas molecules to form ion pairs that cannot separate to large distances. The potential between the ions and the neutrals is assumed to be an ion-induced dipole potential with a hard-sphere core. The calculation involves an average over the various angles in the collisions. The predicted values of alpha depend on a parameter of the calculation, but over a wide range of this parameter the predicted relative third-body efficiencies are in reasonable agreement with the experimental values. (auth)

Person, J C

1963-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

229

SYNCHROTRONS FOR HEAVY IONS - BEVALAC EXPERIENCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heavy Ions ir. Medical and Scientific Research", Edmonton,Heavy Ions in Medical and Scientific Research" Edmonton,vigorous medical and nuclear science research groups. The

Grunder, H.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Glimpse of heavy electrons reveals "hidden order"  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glimpse of heavy electrons reveals "hidden order" Glimpse of heavy electrons reveals "hidden order" The remarkable breakthrough helps validate theory behind the observed increase...

231

Enhanced collective focusing of intense neutralized ion beam pulses in the presence of weak solenoidal magnetic fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design of ion drivers for warm dense matter and high energy density physics applications and heavy ion fusion involves transverse focusing and longitudinal compression of intense ion beams to a small spot size on the target. To facilitate the process, the compression occurs in a long drift section filled with a dense background plasma, which neutralizes the intense beam self-fields. Typically, the ion bunch charge is better neutralized than its current, and as a result a net self-pinching (magnetic) force is produced. The self-pinching effect is of particular practical importance, and is used in various ion driver designs in order to control the transverse beam envelope. In the present work we demonstrate that this radial self-focusing force can be significantly enhanced if a weak (B {approx} 100 G) solenoidal magnetic field is applied inside the neutralized drift section, thus allowing for substantially improved transport. It is shown that in contrast to magnetic self-pinching, the enhanced collective self-focusing has a radial electric field component and occurs as a result of the overcompensation of the beam charge by plasma electrons, whereas the beam current becomes well-neutralized. As the beam leaves the neutralizing drift section, additional transverse focusing can be applied. For instance, in the neutralized drift compression experiments (NDCX) a strong (several Tesla) final focus solenoid is used for this purpose. In the present analysis we propose that the tight final focus in the NDCX experiments may possibly be achieved by using a much weaker (few hundred Gauss) magnetic lens, provided the ion beam carries an equal amount of co-moving neutralizing electrons from the preceding drift section into the lens. In this case the enhanced focusing is provided by the collective electron dynamics strongly affected by a weak applied magnetic field.

Dorf, Mikhail A. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Davidson, Ronald C.; Kaganovich, Igor D.; Startsev, Edward A. [Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

232

Measurements of Charged Current Lepton Universality and |Vus| using Tau Lepton Decays to e- v v, __- v v, pi- v and K- v  

SciTech Connect

Using 467 fb{sup -1} of e{sup +}e{sup -} annihilation data collected with the BABAR detector, they measure {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {mu}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {mu}}{nu}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} e{sup -} {bar {nu}}{sub e}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (0.9796 {+-} 0.0016 {+-} 0.0036), {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -} {nu}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} e{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub e}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (0.5945 {+-} 0.0014 {+-} 0.0061), and {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} e{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub e}{nu}{sub {tau}}) = (0.03882 {+-} 0.00032 {+-} 0.00057), where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. From these precision {tau} measurements, they test the Standard Model assumption of {mu}-e and {tau}-{mu} charge current lepton universality and provide determinations of |V{sub us}| experimentally independent of the decay of a kaon.

Aubert, Bernard; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Mt. Holyoke Coll. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /Pennsylvania U. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

233

Recent PQCD calculations of heavy quark production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We summarize the results of a recent study of heavy quark production and attenuation in cold nuclear matter. In p+p collisions, we investigate the relative contribution of partonic sub-processes to $D$ meson production and $D$ meson-triggered inclusive di-hadrons to lowest order in perturbative QCD. While gluon fusion dominates the creation of large angle $D\\bar{D}$ pairs, charm on light parton scattering determines the yield of single inclusive $D$ mesons. The distinctly different non-perturbative fragmentation of $c$ quarks into $D$ mesons versus the fragmentation of quarks and gluons into light hadrons results in a strong transverse momentum dependence of anticharm content of the away-side charm-triggered jet. In p+A reactions, we calculate and resum the coherent nuclear-enhanced power corrections from the final-state partonic scattering in the medium. We find that single and double inclusive open charm production can be suppressed as much as the yield of neutral pions from dynamical high-twist shadowing. Effects of energy loss in p+A collisions are also investigated in the incoherent Bertsch-Gunion limit and may lead to significantly weaker transverse momentum dependence of the nuclear attenuation.

Ivan Vitev

2006-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

234

Heavy ion fusion--Using heavy ions to make electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for a practical fusion power reactor. HIF is the only fusionenter the reactor chamber, and focus Heavy Ion Fusion ontoengineering test reactor. The promise of fusion as a power

Celata, C.M.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Heavy Ion Collisions at RHIC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

at Heavy Ion Colliders at Heavy Ion Colliders Theory Drivers & View from LHC Urs Achim Wiedemann CERN PH-TH NSAC Implementation Subcommittee Hearings 7 September 2012 Heavy Ion Physics - Main Tools of Theorists Understanding properties of hot and dense matter from the elementary interactions in QCD High Energy Physics String Theory Computational Physics Fluid Dynamics Dissipative fluid dynamic description * Based on: E-p conservation: 2 nd law of thermodynamics: * Sensitive to properties of matter that are calculated from first principles in quantum field theory - EOS: and sound velocity - transport coefficients: shear , bulk viscosity, conductivities ...

236

CDF note 10582 Search for SM Higgs boson production in association with tt using no lepton final state  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CDF note 10582 Search for SM Higgs boson production in association with t¯t using no lepton final is that t¯t decay all hadronic mode (all t decay into bqq ). In both cases we consider that the Higgs boson discriminant variable from different neural network to discriminate the Higgs boson signal from remained

Fermilab

237

Search for Lepton Flavour Violating Decays Tau -> l Ks with the BABAR Detector  

SciTech Connect

We present the search for the lepton flavour violating decay {tau} {yields} lK{sup 0}{sub s} with the BaBar experiment data. This process and many other lepton flavour violating {tau} decays, like {tau} {yields} {mu}{gamma} and {tau} {yields} lll, are one of the most promising channel to search for evidence of new physics. According to the Standard Model and the neutrino mixing parameters, branching fractions are estimated well below 10{sup -14}, but many models of new physics allow for branching fractions values close to the present experimental sensitivity. This analysis is based on a data sample of 469fb{sup -1} collected by BABAR detector at the PEP-II storage ring from 1999 to 2007, equivalent to 431 millions of {tau} pairs. the BABAR experiment, initially designed for studying CP violation in B mesons, has demonstrated to be one of the most suitable environments for studying {tau} decays. The tracking system, the calorimeter and the particle identification of BABAR, together with the knowledge of the {tau} initial energy, allow an extremely powerful rejection of background events that, for this analysis, is better than 10{sup -9}. Being {tau} {yields} lK{sup 0}{sub s} a decay mode without neutrinos, the signal {tau} decay can be fully reconstructed. Kinematical constraints are used in a fit that provides a decay tree reconstruction with a high resolution. For this analysis MC simulated events play a decisive role for estimating the signal efficiency and study the residual background. High statistics MC sample are produced simulating detector conditions for different periods of data collection, in order to reduce any discrepancies with the data. When discrepancies can not be removed, we perform studies to compute a correction factor or an estimation of systematic errors that need to be included in the final measurement. A significant improvement of the current result can be reached only with a higher statistics and, therefore, with a new collider providing a luminosity from 10 to 100 times more than PEP-II. A new detector, with improved performance and able to collect data in a high background environment, is also requested to fully exploit the capability of such amount of data. In fact, only keeping the efficiency and the background as similar as possible to present ones, we will be able to scale almost linearly the estimated upper limit according to the luminosity. The strong potential of improvement for the search of lepton flavour violation {tau} decays makes the building of such a machine highly desirable.

Cenci, Riccardo; /SLAC

2009-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

238

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 11 Neutralization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 11 Neutralization Processing eChapters Processing 81943467C17B3A3777C6CE0F66BC8C03 AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 11 Neutralization ...

239

A Case for Climate Neutrality: Case Studies on Moving Towards...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Case for Climate Neutrality: Case Studies on Moving Towards a Low Carbon Economy Jump to: navigation, search Logo: A Case for Climate Neutrality: Case Studies on Moving Towards a...

240

International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) neutral beam design  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the following topics on ITER neutral beam design: ion dump; neutralizer and module gas flow analysis; vacuum system; cryogenic system; maintainability; power distribution; and system cost.

Myers, T.J.; Brook, J.W.; Spampinato, P.T.; Mueller, J.P.; Luzzi, T.E.; Sedgley, D.W. (Grumman Corp., Bethpage, NY (USA). Space Systems Div.)

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

A VERY HIGH LEVEL NEUTRAL BEAM CONTROL SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Level Neutial Beam Control System we have elucidated theseHigh Level Neutral Beam Control System 8!. References 1. V.High-Level Neutral-Beam Control System Victor Elischer Van

Elischer, V.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Multi-channel neutral analyzer-system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Design and calibration of a 15 channel multi-channel analyzer for analysis of energetic neutral particles escaping a hot plasma are discussed. Features of the analyzer include a frequency response from DC to 50 kHz, spatial resolution, mass resolution, and data acquisition and processing for 15 points on the energy distribution that are simultaneously recorded. Another feature of the system is the ability to radially scan the plasma. An rf ion source is used to provide ions and neutrals used for calibration of a reference single channel analyzer. This analyzer is, in turn, used to calibrate the multi-channel analyzer over the energy range 500 eV to 40 keV. A brief description of the data processing system is included. (RME)

Nexsen, Jr., W. E.; Turner, W. C.; Cummins, W. F.

1977-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

243

RHIC | Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider Photo of LINAC The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is a world-class particle accelerator at Brookhaven National Laboratory where physicists are exploring the most fundamental forces and properties of matter and the early universe. RHIC accelerates beams of particles (e.g., the nuclei of heavy atoms such as gold) to nearly the speed of light, and smashes them together to recreate a state of matter thought to have existed immediately after the Big Bang some 13.8 billion years ago. STAR and PHENIX, two large detectors located around the 2.4-mile-circumference accelerator, take "snapshots" of these collisions to reveal a glimpse of the basic constituents of visible matter, quarks and gluons. Understanding matter at

244

RHIC | Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

indicate that collisions of small particles with large gold nuclei at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider may be serving up miniscule servings of hot quark-gluon plasma. RHIC...

245

Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, RHIC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider website has moved to www.bnl.govrhicdefault.asp Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science, Office of Nuclear Physics. Last...

246

PLT neutral injection ignitron accelerating supply  

SciTech Connect

A phase-controlled rectifier was designed for the accelerating supply on the PLT Neutral Beam Injection system at PPPL. The rectifier must furnish 70 amperes at up to 50 KV for 300 milliseconds, with a duty cycle of up to 10 percent. Protection of the injectors requires the supply to withstand repeated crowbarring. The rectifying element selected to satisfy these requirements was a commercially-available ignitron, installed in a supporting frame and using firing circuits and controls designed by PPPL. (auth)

Ashcroft, D.L.; Murray, J.G.; Newman, R.A.; Peterson, F.L.

1975-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Neutral Particle Analyzer Diagnostic on NSTX  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Neutral Particle Analyzer (NPA) diagnostic on the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) utilizes a PPPL-designed E||B spectrometer that measures the energy spectra of minority hydrogen and bulk deuterium species simultaneously with 39 energy channels per mass specie and a time resolution of 1 ms. The calibrated energy range is E = 0.5-150 keV and the energy resolution varies from AE/E = 3-7% over the surface of the microchannel plate detector.

S.S. Medley; A.L. Roquemore

2004-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

248

Bipartite entanglement purification with neutral atoms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We theoretically study bipartite entanglement purification with neutral atoms via cavity-assistant interaction and linear optical elements. We focus on entanglement distillation and the recurrence protocol, whose performances under idealized and realistic conditions are discussed. The implementation of these purification protocols has been tested with numerical simulations. We analyze the performance and stability of all required operations and emphasize that all techniques are feasible with current experimental technology.

Xue, P

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Bipartite entanglement purification with neutral atoms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We theoretically study bipartite entanglement purification with neutral atoms via cavity-assistant interaction and linear optical elements. We focus on entanglement distillation and the recurrence protocol, whose performances under idealized and realistic conditions are discussed. The implementation of these purification protocols has been tested with numerical simulations. We analyze the performance and stability of all required operations and emphasize that all techniques are feasible with current experimental technology.

P. Xue; X. -F. Zhou

2008-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

250

Positive and Negative Ion Beam Merging System for Neutral Beam ...  

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Semiconductor manufacturing; Low- and medium-energy ion implantation; Fusion plasma systems requiring neutral beam ...

251

LCLS Heavy Met Outgassing Tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Heavy Met that is 95% tungsten, 3% nickel and 2% iron and sintered to 100% density and is Ultra High Vacuum (UHV) compatible is proposed for use as the X-ray slit in the Front End Enclosure and the Fixed Mask for the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS). The Heavy Met was tested in the LLNL Vacuum Sciences and Engineering Lab (VSEL) to determine its outgassing rate and its overall compatibility with the vacuum requirements for LCLS.

Kishiyama, K. I.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Lepton Universality, |V(Us)| and Search for Second Class Current in Tau Decays  

SciTech Connect

Several hundred million {tau} decays have been studied with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} collider at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. Recent results on Charged Current Lepton Universality and two independent measurements of |V{sub us}| using {tau}{sup -} {yields} e{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub e}{nu}{sub {tau}}, {mu}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {mu}}{nu}{sub {tau}}, {pi}{sup -}{nu}{sub {tau}}, K{sup -} {nu}{sub {tau}} and K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup -} {nu}{sub {tau}} decays, and a search for Second Class Current in {tau}{sup -} {yields} {pi}{sup -} {omega}{nu}{sub {tau}} decays are presented, where the charge conjugate decay modes are also implied.

Banerjee, Swagato; /Victoria U.

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

253

The lepton asymmetry: the last chance for a critical-density cosmology?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use a wide range of observations to constrain cosmological models possessing a significant asymmetry in the lepton sector, which offer perhaps the best chance of reconciling a critical-density Universe with current observations. The simplest case, with massless neutrinos, fails to fit many experimental data and does not lead to an acceptable model. If the neutrinos have mass of order one electron-volt (which is favoured by some neutrino observations), then models can be implemented which prove a good fit to microwave anisotropies and large-scale structure data. However, taking into account the latest microwave anisotropy results, especially those from Boomerang, we show that the model can no longer accommodate the observed baryon fraction in clusters. Together with the observed acceleration of the present Universe, this puts considerable pressure on such critical-density models.

Julien Lesgourgues; Andrew R. Liddle

2001-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

254

Search for Lepton Flavour Violating Decays tau- to l- Ks with the BaBar experiment  

SciTech Connect

A search for the lepton flavor violating decays {tau}{sup -} {yields} l{sup -} K{sub S}{sup 0} (l = e or {mu}) has been performed using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 469 fb{sup -1}, collected with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} asymmetric energy collider. No statistically significant signal has been observed in either channel and the estimated upper limits on branching fractions are {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} e{sup -} K{sub S}{sup 0}) < 3.3 x 10{sup -8} and {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {mu}{sup -}K{sub S}{sup 0}) < 4.0 x 10{sup -8} at 90% confidence level.

Aubert, B.; Bona, M.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Lopez, L.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Abrams, G.S.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Cahn, R.N.; Jacobsen, R.G.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /Bristol U. /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Karlsruhe U., EKP /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT, LNS /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Mt. Holyoke Coll. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /Pennsylvania U. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DSM, DAPNIA, Saclay /South Carolina U. /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U., IFIC /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2009-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

255

Improved Limits on the Lepton Flavor Violating Decays Tau -> l V^0  

SciTech Connect

The authors search for the neutrinoless, lepton-flavor-violating tau decays {tau}{sup -} {yields} {ell}{sup -}V{sup 0}, where {ell} is an electron or muon and V{sup 0} is a fector meson reconstructed as {phi} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}, {rho} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, K* {yields} K{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, {bar K}* {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}. The analysis has been performed using 451 fb{sup -1} of data collected at an e{sup +}e{sup -} center-of-mass energy near 10.58 GeV with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II storage rings. The number of events found in the data is compatible with the background expectation, and upper limits on the branching fractions are set in the range (2.6-19) x 10{sup -8} at the 90% confidence level.

Aubert, B.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT, LNS /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Mt. Holyoke Coll. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /Pennsylvania U. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U., IFIC /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2009-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

256

Dark atoms of dark matter from new stable quarks and leptons  

SciTech Connect

The nonbaryonic dark matter of the Universe can consist of new stable charged leptons and quarks, if they are hidden in elusive 'dark atoms' of composite dark matter. Such possibility can be compatible with the severe constraints on anomalous isotopes, if there exist stable particles with charge -2 and there are no stable particles with charges +1 and -1. These conditions cannot be realized in supersymmetric models, but can be satisfied in several recently developed alternative scenarios. The excessive -2 charged particles are bound with primordial helium in O-helium 'atoms', maintaining specific nuclear-interacting form of the Warmer than Cold Dark Matter. The puzzles of direct dark matter searches appear in this case as a reflection of nontrivial nuclear physics of O-helium.

Khlopov, Maxim Yu. [APC laboratory 10, rue Alice Domon et Leonie Duquet, 75205 Paris Cedex 13 (France)

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

257

Baryon and lepton number violation in the electroweak theory at TeV energies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the standard Weinberg-Salam electroweak theory baryon and lepton number (B and L) are NOT exactly conserved. The nonconservation of B and L can be traced to the existence of parity violation in the electroweak theory, together with the chiral current anomaly. This subtle effect gives negligibly small amplitudes for B and L violation at energies and temperatures significantly smaller than M{sub w} sin{sup 2} {theta}{sub w}/{alpha} {approximately} 10 TeV. However, recent theoretical work shows that the rate for B and L nonconservation is unsuppressed at higher energies. The consequences of this for cosmology and the baryon asymmetry of the universe, as well as the prospects for direct verification at the SSC are discussed. 13 refs., 3 figs.

Mottola, E.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

A leptonic-hadronic model for the afterglow of gamma-ray burst 090510  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We model multiwavelength afterglow data from the short Gamma-Ray Burst (GRB) 090510 using a combined leptonic-hadronic model of synchrotron radiation from an adiabatic blast wave. High energy, >100 MeV, emission in our model is dominated by proton-synchrotron radiation, while electron-synchrotron radiation dominates in the X ray and ultraviolet wavelengths. The collimation-corrected GRB energy, depending on the jet-break time, in this model could be as low as 3e51 erg but two orders of magnitude larger than the gamma-ray energy. We also calculated the opacities for electron-positron pair production by gamma rays and found that TeV gamma rays from proton-synchrotron radiation can escape the blast wave at early time, and their detection can provide evidence of a hadronic emission component dominating at high energies.

Soebur Razzaque

2010-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

259

Neutral Beam Injection Experiments and Related Behavior of Neutral Particles in the GAMMA 10 Tandem Mirror  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results of neutral beam injection (NBI) experiments in the GAMMA 10 tandem mirror plasmas are presented together with the neutral particle behavior observed in the experiments. A hydrogen neural beam was injected into the hot-ion-mode plasmas by using the injector installed in the central-cell for the plasma heating and fueling. High-energy ions produced by NBI were observed and its energy distribution was measured for the first time with a neutral particle analyzer installed in the central-cell. The temporal and spatial behavior of hydrogen was observed with axially aligned H{sub {alpha}} detectors installed from the central midplane to anchor-cell. Enhancement of hydrogen recycling due to the beam injection and the cause of the observed decrease in plasma diamagnetism are discussed. The Monte-Carlo code DEGAS for neutral transport simulation was applied to the GAMMA 10 central-cell and a 3-dimensional simulation was performed in the NBI experiment. Localization of neutral particle during the beam injection is investigated based on the simulation and it was found that the increased recycling due to the beam injection was dominant near the injection port.

Nakashima, Y. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Watanabe, K. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Higashizono, Y. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Ohki, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Ogita, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Shoji, M. [National Institute for Fusion Science(Japan); Kobayashi, S. [Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University (Japan); Islam, M.K. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Kubota, Y. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Yoshikawa, M. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Kobayashi, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Yamada, M. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Murakami, R. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Cho, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan)

2005-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

260

Temporal behavior of neutral particle fluxes in TFTR (Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor) neutral beam injectors  

SciTech Connect

Data from an E {parallel} B charge exchange neutral analyzer (CENA), which views down the axis of a neutral beamline through an aperture in the target chamber calorimeter of the TFTR neutral beam test facility, exhibit two curious effects. First, there is a turn-on transient lasting tens of milliseconds having a magnitude up to three times that of the steady-state level. Second, there is a 720 Hz, up to 20% peak-to-peak fluctuation persisting the entire pulse duration. The turn-on transient occurs as the neutralizer/ion source system reaches a new pressure equilibrium following the effective ion source gas throughput reduction by particle removal as ion beam. Widths of the transient are a function of the gas throughput into the ion source, decreasing as the gas supply rate is reduced. Heating of the neutalizer gas by the beam is assumed responsible, with gas temperature increasing as gas supply rate is decreased. At low gas supply rates, the transient is primarliy due to dynamic changes in the neutralizer line density and/or beam species composition. Light emission from the drift duct corroborate the CENA data. At high gas supply rates, dynamic changes in component divergence and/or spatial profiles of the source plasma are necessary to explain the observations. The 720 Hz fluctuation is attributed to a 3% peak-to-peak ripple of 720 Hz on the arc power supply amplified by the quadratic relationship between beam divergence and beam current. Tight collimation by CENA apertures cause it to accept a very small part of the ion source's velocity space, producing a signal linearly proportional to beam divergence. Estimated fluctuations in the peak power density delivered to the plasma under these conditions are a modest 3--8% peak to peak. The efffects of both phenomena on the injected neutral beam can be ameliorated by careful operion of the ion sources. 21 refs., 11 figs., 2 tabs.

Kamperschroer, J.H.; Gammel, G.M.; Roquemore, A.L.; Grisham, L.R.; Kugel, H.W.; Medley, S.S.; O' Connor, T.E.; Stevenson, T.N.; von Halle, A.; Williams, M.D.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A Neutral Beam Injector Upgrade for NSTX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) capability with a Neutral Beam Injector (NBI) capable of 80 kiloelectronvolt (keV), 5 Megawatt (MW), 5 second operation. This 5.95 million dollar upgrade reused a previous generation injector and equipment for technical, cost, and schedule reasons to obtain these specifications while retaining a legacy capability of 120 keV neutral particle beam delivery for shorter pulse lengths for possible future NSTX experiments. Concerns with NBI injection included power deposition in the plasma, aiming angles from the fixed NBI fan array, density profiles and beam shine through, orbit losses of beam particles, and protection of the vacuum vessel wall against beam impingement. The upgrade made use of the beamline and cryo panels from the Neutral Beam Test Stand facility, existing power supplies and controls, beamline components and equipment not contaminated by tritium during DT [deuterium-tritium] experiments, and a liquid Helium refrigerator plant to power and cryogenically pump a beamline and three ion sources. All of the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) ion sources had been contaminated with tritium, so a refurbishment effort was undertaken on selected TFTR sources to rid the three sources destined for the NSTX NBI of as much tritium as possible. An interconnecting duct was fabricated using some spare and some new components to attach the beamline to the NSTX vacuum vessel. Internal vacuum vessel armor using carbon tiles was added to protect the stainless steel vacuum vessel from beam impingement in the absence of plasma and interlock failure. To date, the NBI has operated to 80 keV and 5 MW and has injected requested power levels into NSTX plasmas with good initial results, including high beta and strong heating characteristics at full rated plasma current.

T. Stevenson; B McCormack; G.D. Loesser; M. Kalish; S. Ramakrishnan; L. Grisham; J. Edwards; M. Cropper; G. Rossi; A. von Halle; M. Williams

2002-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

262

Neutral Higgs Boson Search at Tevatron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review searches for neutral Higgs Boson performed by the CDF and D0 collaborations using approximately 200 pb$^{-1}$ of the dataset accumulated from $p\\bar p$ collisions at the center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. No signals are found and limits on the Standard Model (SM) Higgs or SM-like Higgs production cross section times branching ratio and couplings of the Higgs boson in MSSM are presented, including the future prospects of discovery Higgs at the end of Run II.

Wei-Ming Yao

2004-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

263

Neutral Higgs boson search at Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

The authors review searches for neutral Higgs Boson performed by the CDF and D0 collaborations using approximately 200 pb{sup -1} of the dataset accumulated from p{bar p} collisions at the center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. No signals are found and limits on the Standard Model (SM) Higgs or SM-like Higgs production cross section times branching ratio and couplings of the Higgs boson in MSSM are presented, including the future prospects of discovery Higgs at the end of Run II.

Yao, Wei-Ming; /LBL, Berkeley

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Search for Supersymmetry in Events with Three Leptons and Missing Transverse Momentum in ?s=7??TeV pp Collisions with the ATLAS Detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A search for the weak production of charginos and neutralinos decaying to a final state with three leptons (electrons or muons) and missing transverse momentum is presented. The analysis uses 2.06??fb[superscript -1] of ...

Taylor, Frank E.

265

RHIC | Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites

Brookhaven National Laboratory Brookhaven National Laboratory search U.S. Department of Energy logo Home RHIC Science News Images Videos For Scientists Björn Schenke 490th Brookhaven Lecture, 12/18 Join Björn Schenke of Brookhaven Lab's Physics Department for the 490th Brookhaven Lecture, titled 'The Shape and Flow of Heavy Ion Collisions,' on Wednesday, Dec. 18, at 4 p.m. in Berkner Hall. droplets Tiny Drops of Hot Quark Soup-How Small Can They Be? New analyses indicate that collisions of small particles with large gold nuclei at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider may be serving up miniscule servings of hot quark-gluon plasma. RHIC Physics RHIC is the first machine in the world capable of colliding ions as heavy as gold. The Spin Puzzle RHIC is the world's only machine capable of colliding beams of polarized

266

CMVRTC: Heavy Truck Duty Cycle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

heavy truck duty cycle (HTDC) project heavy truck duty cycle (HTDC) project OVERVIEW The Heavy Truck Duty Cycle (HTDC) Project was initiated in 2004 and is sponsored by the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of FreedomCar and Vehicle Technologies Program. ORNL designed the research program to generate real-world-based duty cycle data from trucks operating in long-haul operations and was designed to be conducted in three phases: identification of parameters to be collected, instrumentation and pilot testing, identification of a real-world fleet, design of the data collection suite and fleet instrumentation, and data collection, analysis, and development of a duty cycle generation tool (DCGT). ANL logo dana logo michelin logo Schrader logo This type of data will be useful for supporting energy efficiency

267

Jet quenching and heavy quarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jet quenching and more generally physics at high transverse momentum P_T scales is a cornerstone of the heavy-ion physics program at the LHC. In this work, the current understanding of jet quenching in terms of a QCD shower evolution being modified by the surrounding medium is reviewed along with the evidence for this picture from light parton high P_T observables. Conceptually, the same QCD shower description should also be relevant for heavy quarks, but with several important modifications introduced by the quark masses. Thus especially in the limit of small jet energy over quark mass E_jet/m_q, the relevant physics may be rather different from light quark jets, and several attempts to explain the observed phenomenology of heavy quarks at high P_T are discussed here.

Thorsten Renk

2013-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

268

Charge neutralization apparatus for ion implantation system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and apparatus for neutralization of a workpiece such as a semiconductor wafer in a system wherein a beam of positive ions is applied to the workpiece. The apparatus includes an electron source for generating an electron beam and a magnetic assembly for generating a magnetic field for guiding the electron beam to the workpiece. The electron beam path preferably includes a first section between the electron source and the ion beam and a second section which is coincident with the ion beam. The magnetic assembly generates an axial component of magnetic field along the electron beam path. The magnetic assembly also generates a transverse component of the magnetic field in an elbow region between the first and second sections of the electron beam path. The electron source preferably includes a large area lanthanum hexaboride cathode and an extraction grid positioned in close proximity to the cathode. The apparatus provides a high current, low energy electron beam for neutralizing charge buildup on the workpiece.

Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA); Kunkel, Wulf B. (Berkeley, CA); Williams, Malcom D. (Danville, CA); McKenna, Charles M. (Boxford, MA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Neutral Beam Power System for TPX  

SciTech Connect

The Tokamak Physics Experiment (TPX) will utilize to the maximum extent the existing Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) equipment and facilities. This is particularly true for the TFTR Neutral Beam (NB) system. Most of the NB hardware, plant facilities, auxiliary sub-systems, power systems, service infrastructure, and control systems can be used as is. The major changes in the NB hardware are driven by the new operating duty cycle. The TFTR Neutral Beam was designed for operation of the Sources for 2 seconds every 150 seconds. The TPX requires operation for 1000 seconds every 4500 seconds. During the Conceptual Design Phase of TPX every component of the TFTR NB Electrical Power System was analyzed to verify whether the equipment can meet the new operational requirements with our without modifications. The Power System converts 13.8 kV prime power to controlled pulsed power required at the NB sources. The major equipment involved are circuit breakers, auto and rectifier transformers surge suppression components, power tetrodes, HV Decks, and HVDC power transmission to sources. Thermal models were developed for the power transformers to simulate the new operational requirements. Heat runs were conducted for the power tetrodes to verify capability. Other components were analyzed to verify their thermal limitations. This paper describes the details of the evaluation and redesign of the electrical power system components to meet the TPX operational requirements.

Ramakrishnan, S.; Bowen, O.N.; O`Conner, T.; Edwards, J.; Fromm, N.; Hatcher, R.; Newman, R.; Rossi, G.; Stevenson, T.; von Halle, A.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Search for New Heavy Higgs Boson in B-L model at the LHC using Monte Carlo Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this work is to search for a new heavy Higgs boson in the B-L extension of the Standard Model at LHC using the data produced from simulated collisions between two protons at different center of mass energies by Monte Carlo event generator programs to find new Higgs boson signatures at the LHC. Also we study the production and decay channels for Higgs boson in this model and its interactions with the other new particles of this model namely the new neutral gauge massive boson and the new fermionic right-handed heavy neutrinos .

Hesham Mansour; Nady Bakhet

2013-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

271

Gauge bosons and heavy quarks: Proceedings of Summer Institute on Particle Physics  

SciTech Connect

This report contains papers on the following topics: Z decays and tests of the standard model; future possibilities for LEP; studies of the interactions of electroweak gauge bosons; top quark topics; the next linear collider; electroweak processes in hadron colliders; theoretical topics in B-physics; experimental aspects of B-physics; B-factory storage ring design; rare kaon decays; CP violation in K{sup 0} decays at CERN; recent K{sup 0} decay results from Fermilab E-731; results from LEP on heavy quark physics; review of recent results on heavy flavor production; weak matrix elements and the determination of the weak mixing angles; recent results from CLEO I and a glance at CLEO II data; recent results from ARGUS; neutrino lepton physics with the CHARM 2 detector; recent results from the three TRISTAN experiments; baryon number violation at high energy in the standard model: fact or fiction New particle searches at LEP; review of QCD at LEP; electroweak interactions at LEP; recent results on W physics from the UA2 experiment at the CERN {rho}{bar {rho}} collider; B physics at CDF; and review of particle astrophysics.

Hawthorne, J.F. (ed.)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Accelerators for heavy ion fusion  

SciTech Connect

Large fusion devices will almost certainly produce net energy. However, a successful commercial fusion energy system must also satisfy important engineering and economic constraints. Inertial confinement fusion power plants driven by multi-stage, heavy-ion accelerators appear capable of meeting these constraints. The reasons behind this promising outlook for heavy-ion fusion are given in this report. This report is based on the transcript of a talk presented at the Symposium on Lasers and Particle Beams for Fusion and Strategic Defense at the University of Rochester on April 17-19, 1985.

Bangerter, R.O.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Structural basis of hepatitis C virus neutralization by broadly neutralizing antibody HCV1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infects more than 2% of the global population and is a leading cause of liver cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and end-stage liver diseases. Circulating HCV is genetically diverse, and therefore a broadly effective vaccine must target conserved T- and B-cell epitopes of the virus. Human mAb HCV1 has broad neutralizing activity against HCV isolates from at least four major genotypes and protects in the chimpanzee model from primary HCV challenge. The antibody targets a conserved antigenic site (residues 412-423) on the virus E2 envelope glycoprotein. Two crystal structures of HCV1 Fab in complex with an epitope peptide at 1.8-{angstrom} resolution reveal that the epitope is a {beta}-hairpin displaying a hydrophilic face and a hydrophobic face on opposing sides of the hairpin. The antibody predominantly interacts with E2 residues Leu{sup 413} and Trp{sup 420} on the hydrophobic face of the epitope, thus providing an explanation for how HCV isolates bearing mutations at Asn{sup 415} on the same binding face escape neutralization by this antibody. The results provide structural information for a neutralizing epitope on the HCV E2 glycoprotein and should help guide rational design of HCV immunogens to elicit similar broadly neutralizing antibodies through vaccination.

Kong, Leopold; Giang, Erick; Robbins, Justin B.; Stanfield, Robyn L.; Burton, Dennis R.; Wilson, Ian A.; Law, Mansun (Scripps)

2012-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

274

DELAYED ONSET OF HIGH-ENERGY EMISSIONS IN LEPTONIC AND HADRONIC MODELS OF GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

SciTech Connect

The temporal-spectral evolution of the prompt emission of gamma-ray bursts is simulated numerically for both leptonic and hadronic models. For weak enough magnetic fields, leptonic models can reproduce the few seconds delay of the onset of GeV photon emission observed by Fermi-LAT, due to the slow growth of the target photon field for inverse Compton scattering. For stronger magnetic fields, the GeV delay can be explained with hadronic models, due to the long acceleration timescale of protons and the continuous photopion production after the end of the particle injection. While the FWHMs of the MeV and GeV light curves are almost the same in one-zone leptonic models, the FWHMs of the 1-30 GeV light curves in hadronic models are significantly wider than those of the 0.1-1 MeV light curves. The amount of the GeV delay depends on the importance of the Klein-Nishina effect in both the leptonic and hadronic models. In our examples of hadronic models the energies of the escaped neutrons are comparable to the gamma-ray energy, although their contribution to the ultra high-energy cosmic rays is still subdominant. The resulting neutrino spectra are hard enough to avoid the flux limit constraint from IceCube. The delay of the neutrino emission onset is up to several times longer than the corresponding delay of the GeV photon emission onset. The quantitative differences in the light curves for various models may be further tested with future atmospheric Cerenkov telescopes whose effective area is larger than that of Fermi-LAT, such as CTA.

Asano, Katsuaki [Interactive Research Center of Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8550 (Japan); Meszaros, Peter, E-mail: asano@phys.titech.ac.jp, E-mail: nnp@astro.psu.edu [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, Center for Particle and Gravitational Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

A proper time dependent measurement of delta M{sup D} using jet charge and soft lepton flavor tagging  

SciTech Connect

This thesis presents a proper time dependent measurement of the B{sup 0}{sub d} mixing frequency {Delta}m{sub d} using jet charge and soft lepton flavor tagging in p-{anti p} collisions at {radical}s=1.8 TeV. The measurement uses the inclusive e and {mu} trigger data of the CDF detector from an integrated luminosity of 91 pb{sup -1}. The proper time at decay is measured from a partial reconstruction of the B associated with the trigger lepton. The measurement of {Delta}m{sub d} yields {Delta}m{sub d}=0.50{+-}0.05{+-}0.05 {h_bar} ps{sup -1} where the first error is statistical and the second systematic. The flavor tagging methods used give a measured effective efficiency {epsilon}D{sup 2} of - Jet Charge: {epsilon}D{sup 2} = (0.78 {+-} 0.12 {+-} 0.09) % - Soft Lepton: {epsilon}D{sup 2} = (1.07 {+-} 0.09 {+-} 0.10) % where the first error is statistical and the second systematic.

O.R. Long

1999-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

276

A proper time dependent measurement of Delta M {sub D} using jet charge and soft lepton flavor tagging  

SciTech Connect

This thesis presents a proper time dependent measurement of the B{sup 0}{sub d} mixing frequency {Delta}M{sub d} using jet charge and soft lepton flavor tagging in p - {anti p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.8 TeV. The measurement uses the inclusive e and {mu} trigger data of the CDF detector from an integrated luminosity of 91 pb{sub -1}. The proper time at decay is measured from a partial reconstruction of the B associated with the trigger lepton. The measurement of {Delta}M{sub d} yields {Delta}M{sub d} = 0.50 {+-} 0.05 {+-} 0.05 {bar h} ps{sup -1} where the first error is statistical and the second systematic. The flavor tagging methods used give a measured effective efficiency {epsilon}D{sup 2} of o Jet Charge: {epsilon}D{sup 2} (0.78 + 0.12 + 0.09) % o Soft Lepton: {epsilon}D{sup 2} (1.07 + 0.09 + 0.10) % where the first error is statistical and the second systematic.

NONE

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Hadron Production in Heavy Ion Collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2A GeV 3 Hadron Production from AGS to RHIC 3.1 SystematicsHadron Production in Heavy Ion Collisions Hans Georg RitterAC02- 05CH11231. Hadron Production in Heavy Ion Collisions

Ritter, Hans Georg

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Heavy Vehicle and Engine Resource Guide  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Heavy Vehicle and Engine Resource Guide is a catalog of medium- and heavy-duty engines and vehicles with alternative fuel and advanced powertrain options. This edition covers model year 2003 engines and vehicles.

Not Available

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Proton Distribution in Heavy Nuclei  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

It is reasoned that, from considerations connected with beta-decay stability and Coulomb repulsion forces, a neutron excess is developed on the surface of heavy nuclei. Several consequences of this qualitative analysis in nucleon interactions are briefly noted. (K.S.)

Johnson, M. H; Teller, E.

1953-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

280

Summary of the Heavy Flavours Working Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is a summary of the contributions presented in the Heavy Flavours Working Group of the DIS2006 Workshop.

U. Karshon; I. Schienbein; P. Thompson

2006-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Light-Heavy Price Difference Varies  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Light-Heavy Price Difference Varies ; Function of Crude Market Factors ; Function of Conversion Capacity ; Function of Product Market Factors

282

Oklahoma Refinery Catalytic Hydrotreating, Heavy Gas Oil ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cat. Hydro. Heavy Gas Oil Downstream Charge Capacity (B/SD)y ; Oklahoma Downstream Charge Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries ...

283

Heavy Vehicle and Engine Resource Guide  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A comprehensive product catalog of medium and heavy-duty engines and vehicles with alternative fuel and advanced powertrain options.

Not Available

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Mississippi Refinery Catalytic Hydrotreating, Heavy Gas Oil ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cat. Hydro. Heavy Gas Oil Downstream Charge Capacity (B/SD)y ; Mississippi Downstream Charge Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries ...

285

Reactive formulations for a neutralization of toxic industrial chemicals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Decontamination formulations for neutralization of toxic industrial chemicals, and methods of making and using same. The formulations are effective for neutralizing malathion, hydrogen cyanide, sodium cyanide, butyl isocyanate, carbon disulfide, phosgene gas, capsaicin in commercial pepper spray, chlorine gas, anhydrous ammonia gas; and may be effective at neutralizing hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide, formaldehyde, ethylene oxide, methyl bromide, boron trichloride, fluorine, tetraethyl pyrophosphate, phosphorous trichloride, arsine, and tungsten hexafluoride.

Tucker, Mark D. (Albuqueruqe, NM); Betty, Rita G. (Rio Rancho, NM)

2006-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

286

Towards a Revised Monte Carlo Neutral Particle Surface Interaction Model  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The components of the neutral- and plasma-surface interaction model used in the Monte Carlo neutral transport code DEGAS 2 are reviewed. The idealized surfaces and processes handled by that model are inadequate for accurately simulating neutral transport behavior in present day and future fusion devices. We identify some of the physical processes missing from the model, such as mixed materials and implanted hydrogen, and make some suggestions for improving the model.

D.P. Stotler

2005-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

287

Anomalous g-Factors for Charged Leptons in a Fractional Coarse-Grained Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we investigate aspects of the electron, muon and tau gyromagnetic ratios (g-factor) in a fractional coarse-grained scenario, by adopting a Modified Riemann-Liouville (MRL) fractional calculus. We point out the possibility of mapping the experimental values of the specie's g-factors into a theoretical parameter which accounts for fractionality, without computing higher-order QED calculations. We wish to understand whether the value of (g-2) may be traced back to a fractionality of space-time.The justification for the difference between the experimental and the theoretical value g=2 stemming from the Dirac equation is given in the terms of the complexity of the interactions of the charged leptons, considered as pseudo-particles and "dressed" by the interactions and the medium. Stepwise, we build up a fractional Dirac equation from the fractional Weyl equation that, on the other hand, was formulated exclusively in terms of the helicity operator. From the fractional angular momentum algebra, in a co...

Weberszpil, J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Supersymmetry Breaks Itself for Quarks and Leptons in the SUSY Standard Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Models like the Supersymmetric Standard Model (SSM) possess simple, but well-hidden, `Outfields'. These Outfields are composite operators that violate superspace invariance, but in a special way. A new mechanism for SUSY breaking arises from the Outfields, for a special non-minimal version of the SSM, which will be called the CSSM. The CSSM has right neutrinos and a Higgs singlet, which we call J, in addition to the usual SSM. This breaking of SUSY cannot be avoided, because it arises from the local BRST cohomology of the theory, which is also the origin of the Outfields. It can also be seen that the Weak SU(2) group, and the well-known remarkable set of doublets and singlets for the Quarks, Leptons and Higgs, have a raison d'etre which relates to this mechanism. The SUSY breaking here depends on only one parameter, which is the VEV that breaks SU(2) X U(1) to U(1). SUSY itself is not spontaneously broken here, so the vacuum energy remains zero after SUSY breaking. The resulting predictions for SUSY breaking are very constrained by the model.

John A. Dixon

2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

289

Search for Lepton-Number Violating Processes in B+ to h- l+ l+ Decays  

SciTech Connect

We have searched for the lepton-number violating processes B{sup +} {yields} h{sup -}{ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup +} with h{sup -} = K{sup -}/{pi}{sup -} and {ell}{sup +} = e{sup +}/{mu}{sup +}, using a sample of 471 {+-} 3 million B{bar B} events collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} collider at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. We find no evidence for these decays and place 90% confidence level upper limits on their branching fractions B (B{sup +} {yields} {pi}{sup -}e{sup +}e{sup +}) < 2.3 x 10{sup -8}, {Beta}(B{sup +} {yields} K{sup -}e{sup +}e{sup +}) < 3.0 x 10{sup -8}, {Beta}(B{sup +} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup +}) < 10.7 x 10{sup -8}, and {Beta}(B{sup +} {yields} K{sup -}{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup +}) < 6.7 x 10{sup -8}.

Lees, J.P.

2012-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

290

Search for the Baryon and Lepton Number Violating Decays tau to Lambda h  

SciTech Connect

The authors have searched for the violation of baryon number B and lepton number L in the (B-L)-conserving modes {tau}{sup -} {yields} {bar {Lambda}}{sup 0}{pi}{sup -} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} {bar {Lambda}}{sup 0}K{sup -} as well as the (B-L)-violating modes {tau}{sup -} {yields} {Lambda}{sup 0}{pi}{sup -} and {tau}{sup -} {yields} {Lambda}{sup 0}K{sup -} using 237 fb{sup -1} of data collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e{sup +}e{sup -} storage ring. They do not observe any signal and determine preliminary upper limits on the branching fractions {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {bar {Lambda}}{sup 0}{pi}{sup -}) < 5.9 x 10{sup -8}, {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {Lambda}{sup 0}{pi}{sup -}) < 5.8 x 10{sup -8}, {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {bar {Lambda}}{sup 0}K{sup -}) < 7.2 x 10{sup -8}, and {Beta}({tau}{sup -} {yields} {Lambda}{sup 0}K{sup -}) < 15 x 10{sup -8} at 90% confidence level.

Aubert, B.

2006-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

291

Neutrino properties deduced from the study of lepton number violating processes at low and high energies  

SciTech Connect

There is nowadays a significant progress in understanding the neutrino properties. The results of the neutrino oscillation experiments have convincingly showed that neutrinos have mass and oscillate, in contradiction with the Standard Model (SM) assumptions, and these are the first evidences of beyond SM physics. However, fundamental properties of the neutrinos like their absolute mass, their character (are they Dirac or Majorana particles?), their mass hierarchy, the number of neutrino flavors, etc., still remain unknown. In this context there is an increased interest in the study of the lepton number violating (LNV) processes, since they could complete our understanding on the neutrino properties. Since recently, the neutrinoless double beta decay was considered the only process able to distinguish between Dirac or Majorana neutrinos and to give a hint on the absolute mass of the electron neutrino. At present, the increased luminosity of the LHC experiments makes feasible the search of LNV processes at high energy as well. In this lecture I will make a brief review on our present knowledge of the neutrino properties, on the present status of the double-beta decay studies and on the first attempts to search LNV processes at LHC.

Stoica, Sabin [Horia Hulubei Foundation, P.O. Box MG-12, 077125 Magurele-Bucharest (Romania) and Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, P.O. Box MG-6, Magurele-Bucharest 077125 (Romania)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

292

Beam specie analyzer for intense neutral beams  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A three-channel neutral particle energy analyzer has been fabricated and calibrated for H/sup 0/ particles. H/sup 0/ with energies 3.5-55 keV was passed through a N/sub 2/ gas cell maintained at charge equilibrium pressures. H/sup +/ ions formed by stripping collisions were energy analyzed by a 45/sup 0/, parabolic, electrostatic analyzer and detected by three Faraday cups spaced to intercept the full-, half-, and third-energy beam components. The conversion efficiency of the analyzer system increased from 0.11 at 3.5 keV to 0.54 at 55 keV with an accuracy of +- 3%.

Barnett, C.F.; Ray, J.A.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Dual neutral particle transmutation in CINDER2008  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A capability has been built for the CINDER2008 (beta) transmutation code that expands the capability from only neutron induced reactions to photon induced reactions. This allows for two incident neutral particles to cause nuclear transmutation in a given material simultaneously. The CINDER2008 code, a modular rewrite of the CINDER'90 transmutation code from Los Alamos National Laboratory, was modified to allow for the dual sets of physics. A photonuclear cross section and photofission product yield library was also created using ENDF-B/VII data and translated neutron fission product yields. The code and library have been combined to create a unique transmutation code. The scope of use is broad; it is capable of modeling the transmutation caused by photons released from the decay of daughter and fission products as well as transmutation in photon rich environments. A brief code description and a verification and validation of the contributions are given. (authors)

Martin, W. J.; De Oliveira, C. R. E. [1 Univ. of New Mexico, MSC01 1120, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Overview of Theory and Modeling in the Heavy Ion Fusion Virtual National Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents analytical and simulation studies of intense heavy ion beam propagation, including the injection, acceleration, transport and compression phases, and beam transport and focusing in background plasma in the target chamber. Analytical theory and simulations that support the High Current Experiment (HCX), the Neutralized Transport Experiment (NTX), and the advanced injector development program are being used to provide a basic understanding of the nonlinear beam dynamics and collective processes, and to develop design concepts for the next-step Integrated Beam Experiment (IBX), an Integrated Research Experiment (IRE), and a heavy ion fusion driver. Three-dimensional (3-D) nonlinear perturbative simulations have been applied to collective instabilities driven by beam temperature anisotropy and to two-stream interactions between the beam ions and any unwanted background electrons. Three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations of the 2 MV Electrostatic Quadrupole (ESQ) injector have clarified the influence of pulse rise time. Analytical studies and simulations of the drift compression process have been carried out. Syntheses of a four-dimensional (4-D) particle distribution function from phase-space projections have been developed. And, studies of the generation and trapping of stray electrons in the beam self-fields have been performed. Particle-in-cell simulations, involving preformed plasma, are being used to study the influence of charge and current neutralization on the focusing of the ion beam in Neutralized Transport Experiment and in a fusion chamber.

R.C. Davidson, I.D. Kaganovich, W.W. Lee, H. Qin, E.A. Startsev; S. Tzenov; A. Friedman; J.J. Barnard; R.H. Cohen; D.P. Grote; S.M. Lund; W.M. Sharp; C.M. Celata, M. de Hoon; E. Henestroza; E.P. Lee; S.S. Yu; J.-L. Vay; D.R. Welch; D.V. Rose; C.L. Olson

2003-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

295

Heavy Tails: Performance Models and Scheduling Disciplines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heavy Tails: Performance Models and Scheduling Disciplines Sindo N´u~nez-Queija based on joint ITC´u~nez-Queija CWI & TU/e #12;Heavy Tails: Performance Models and Scheduling Disciplines Part I ­ Introduction and Methodology Tales to tell: · traffic measurements and statistical analysis · traffic modeling · heavy

Núñez-Queija, Rudesindo

296

Finding Interesting Correlations with Conditional Heavy Hitters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finding Interesting Correlations with Conditional Heavy Hitters Katsiaryna Mirylenka, Themis Srivastava AT&T Labs, Florham Park, NJ, USA {graham, divesh}@research.att.com Abstract-- The notion of heavy of Conditional Heavy Hitters to identify such items, with applications in network monitoring, and Markov chain

Palpanas, Themis

297

NREL: Climate Neutral Research Campuses - Campus-Wide Measures...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Campus-Wide Measures Have Greater Potential Pursuing climate neutrality on research campuses fits into the bigger picture of addressing the impacts of climate change and...

298

Neutral Oil Loss During Alkali Refining - ResearchGate  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Neutral Oil Loss During Alkali Refining. Albert J. Dijkstra. Journal of Oil & Fat Industries (Impact ... Experiments with cotton oil and soybean o ...

299

Preferential Acidic, Alkaline and Neutral Solubility of Metallic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

water is a neutral liquid, representative of exposure to surface water or groundwater. Acetic acid is a weak organic acid, and is an indicator of potential leaching during...

300

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Linepipe Steel in Neutral Solution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The loading and environmental conditions were the same as those for the buried natural gas pipeline and an anaerobic, dilute near-neutral pH solution was ...

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301

Review of Heavy Flavor Physics at the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

The D0 and CDF detectors at the Fermilab Tevatron have each accumulated more that 9 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity. The corresponding large datasets enable the two experiments to perform unprecedented studies of heavy flavor hadron properties. We present recent D0 and CDF measurements, focusing on rare decays and CP violation in B-meson decays. Flavor Physics probes new phenomena by either searching for small deviations from the Standard Model (SM) based theoretical predictions or by measuring quantities which are highly suppressed within the SM. Searching for small deviations from the SM are performed using large strange, charm or bottom hadron samples, mostly by kaon experiments of B factories. Measurements of highly suppressed quantities, such as CP violation phases and asymmetries in the neutral B{sub s}-meson system or searches for rare B decays, are performed with the hope that new physics effects would be large enough to significantly affect the measured quantities and so, lead to observations of deviations from the SM expectations. The D0 and CDF detectors at the Fermilab Tevatron have each accumulated more that 9 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity. The corresponding large datasets enable the two experiments to perform unprecedented studies of heavy flavor hadron properties. We present recent D0 and CDF measurements, focusing on rare decays and CP violation in B-meson decays.

Giurgiu, Gavril; /Johns Hopkins U.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Letter of intent for the study of CP violation and heavy flavor physics at PEP-II  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the following topics on CP violation and heavy flavor physics experiments: Physics at PEP-II; detector overview; PEP-II and the interaction region; vertex detector; main tracking chamber; particle identification; electromagnetic calorimeter; muon and neutral hadron detector; magnet coil and flux return; electronics, trigger, and data acquisition; computing; CP asymmetry simulations; collaboration issues; project organization and management; and budget and schedule.

BaBar Collaboration

1994-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

303

Search for the production of ZW and ZZ boson pairs decaying into charged leptons and jets in proton-antiproton collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a measurement of the production cross section for ZW and ZZ boson pairs in final states with a pair of charged leptons, from the decay of a Z boson, and at least two jets, from the decay of a W or Z boson, using the full sample of proton-antiproton collisions recorded with the CDF II detector at the Tevatron, corresponding to 8.9 fb^(-1) of integrated luminosity. We increase the sensitivity to vector boson decays into pairs of quarks using a neural network discriminant that exploits the differences between the spatial spread of energy depositions and charged-particle momenta contained within the jet of particles originating from quarks and gluons. Additionally, we employ new jet energy corrections to Monte Carlo simulations that account for differences in the observed energy scales for quark and gluon jets. The number of signal events is extracted through a simultaneous fit to the dijet mass spectrum in three classes of events: events likely to contain jets with a heavy-quark decay, events likely to contain jets originating from light quarks, and events that fail these identification criteria. We determine the production cross section to be 2.5 +2.0 -1.0 pb (< 6.1 pb at the 95% confidence level), consistent with the standard model prediction of 5.1 pb.

CDF Collaboration; T. Aaltonen; S. Amerio; D. Amidei; A. Anastassov; A. Annovi; J. Antos; G. Apollinari; J. A. Appel; T. Arisawa; A. Artikov; J. Asaadi; W. Ashmanskas; B. Auerbach; A. Aurisano; F. Azfar; W. Badgett; T. Bae; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; V. E. Barnes; B. A. Barnett; P. Barria; P. Bartos; M. Bauce; F. Bedeschi; S. Behari; G. Bellettini; J. Bellinger; D. Benjamin; A. Beretvas; A. Bhatti; K. R. Bland; B. Blumenfeld; A. Bocci; A. Bodek; D. Bortoletto; J. Boudreau; A. Boveia; L. Brigliadori; C. Bromberg; E. Brucken; J. Budagov; H. S. Budd; K. Burkett; G. Busetto; P. Bussey; P. Butti; A. Buzatu; A. Calamba; S. Camarda; M. Campanelli; F. Canelli; B. Carls; D. Carlsmith; R. Carosi; S. Carrillo; B. Casal; M. Casarsa; A. Castro; P. Catastini; D. Cauz; V. Cavaliere; M. Cavalli-Sforza; A. Cerri; L. Cerrito; Y. C. Chen; M. Chertok; G. Chiarelli; G. Chlachidze; K. Cho; D. Chokheli; A. Clark; C. Clarke; M. E. Convery; J. Conway; M. Corbo; M. Cordelli; C. A. Cox; D. J. Cox; M. Cremonesi; D. Cruz; J. Cuevas; R. Culbertson; N. d'Ascenzo; M. Datta; P. de Barbaro; L. Demortier; L. Marchese; M. Deninno; F. Devoto; M. D'Errico; A. Di Canto; B. Di Ruzza; J. R. Dittmann; M. D'Onofrio; S. Donati; M. Dorigo; A. Driutti; K. Ebina; R. Edgar; A. Elagin; R. Erbacher; S. Errede; B. Esham; S. Farrington; J. P. Fernández Ramos; R. Field; G. Flanagan; R. Forrest; M. Franklin; J. C. Freeman; H. Frisch; Y. Funakoshi; C. Galloni; A. F. Garfinkel; P. Garosi; H. Gerberich; E. Gerchtein; S. Giagu; V. Giakoumopoulou; K. Gibson; C. M. Ginsburg; N. Giokaris; P. Giromini; G. Giurgiu; V. Glagolev; D. Glenzinski; M. Gold; D. Goldin; A. Golossanov; G. Gomez; G. Gomez-Ceballos; M. Goncharov; O. González López; I. Gorelov; A. T. Goshaw; K. Goulianos; E. Gramellini; S. Grinstein; C. Grosso-Pilcher; R. C. Group; J. Guimaraes da Costa; S. R. Hahn; J. Y. Han; F. Happacher; K. Hara; M. Hare; R. F. Harr; T. Harrington-Taber; K. Hatakeyama; C. Hays; J. Heinrich; M. Herndon; A. Hocker; Z. Hong; W. Hopkins; S. Hou; R. E. Hughes; U. Husemann; M. Hussein; J. Huston; G. Introzzi; M. Iori; A. Ivanov; E. James; D. Jang; B. Jayatilaka; E. J. Jeon; S. Jindariani; M. Jones; K. K. Joo; S. Y. Jun; T. R. Junk; M. Kambeitz; T. Kamon; P. E. Karchin; A. Kasmi; Y. Kato; W. Ketchum; J. Keung; B. Kilminster; D. H. Kim; H. S. Kim; J. E. Kim; M. J. Kim; S. B. Kim; S. H. Kim; Y. K. Kim; Y. J. Kim; N. Kimura; M. Kirby; K. Knoepfel; K. Kondo; D. J. Kong; J. Konigsberg; A. V. Kotwal; M. Kreps; J. Kroll; M. Kruse; T. Kuhr; M. Kurata; A. T. Laasanen; S. Lammel; M. Lancaster; K. Lannon; G. Latino; H. S. Lee; J. S. Lee; S. Leo; S. Leone; J. D. Lewis; A. Limosani; E. Lipeles; A. Lister; H. Liu; Q. Liu; T. Liu; S. Lockwitz; A. Loginov; A. Lucà; D. Lucchesi; J. Lueck; P. Lujan; P. Lukens; G. Lungu; J. Lys; R. Lysak; R. Madrak; P. Maestro; S. Malik; G. Manca; A. Manousakis-Katsikakis; F. Margaroli; P. Marino; M. Martínez; K. Matera; M. E. Mattson; A. Mazzacane; P. Mazzanti; R. McNulty; A. Mehta; P. Mehtala; C. Mesropian; T. Miao; D. Mietlicki; A. Mitra; H. Miyake; S. Moed; N. Moggi; C. S. Moon; R. Moore; M. J. Morello; A. Mukherjee; Th. Muller; P. Murat; M. Mussini; J. Nachtman; Y. Nagai; J. Naganoma; I. Nakano; A. Napier; J. Nett; C. Neu; T. Nigmanov; L. Nodulman; S. Y. Noh; O. Norniella; L. Oakes; S. H. Oh; Y. D. Oh; I. Oksuzian; T. Okusawa; R. Orava; L. Ortolan; C. Pagliarone; E. Palencia; P. Palni; V. Papadimitriou; W. Parker; G. Pauletta; M. Paulini; C. Paus; T. J. Phillips; G. Piacentino; E. Pianori; J. Pilot; K. Pitts; C. Plager; L. Pondrom; S. Poprocki; K. Potamianos; F. Prokoshin; A. Pranko; F. Ptohos; G. Punzi; N. Ranjan; I. Redondo Fernández; P. Renton; M. Rescigno; F. Rimondi; L. Ristori; A. Robson; T. Rodriguez; S. Rolli; M. Ronzani; R. Roser; J. L. Rosner; F. Ruffini; A. Ruiz; J. Russ; V. Rusu; W. K. Sakumoto; Y. Sakurai; L. Santi; K. Sato; V. Saveliev; A. Savoy-Navarro; P. Schlabach; E. E. Schmidt; T. Schwarz; L. Scodellaro; F. Scuri; S. Seidel; Y. Seiya; A. Semenov; F. Sforza; S. Z. Shalhout; T. Shears; P. F. Shepard; M. Shimojima; M. Shochet; I. Shreyber-Tecker; A. Simonenko; K. Sliwa; J. R. Smith; F. D. Snider; V. Sorin; H. Song; M. Stancari; R. St. Denis; D. Stentz; J. Strologas; Y. Sudo; A. Sukhanov; I. Suslov; K. Takemasa; Y. Takeuchi; J. Tang; M. Tecchio; P. K. Teng; J. Thom; E. Thomson; V. Thukral; D. Toback; S. Tokar; K. Tollefson; T. Tomura; D. Tonelli; S. Torre; D. Torretta; P. Totaro; M. Trovato; F. Ukegawa; S. Uozumi; F. Vázquez; G. Velev; C. Vellidis; C. Vernieri; M. Vidal; R. Vilar; J. Vizán; M. Vogel; G. Volpi; P. Wagner; R. Wallny; S. M. Wang; D. Waters; W. C. Wester III; D. Whiteson; A. B. Wicklund; S. Wilbur; H. H. Williams; J. S. Wilson; P. Wilson; B. L. Winer; P. Wittich; S. Wolbers; H. Wolfe; T. Wright; X. Wu; Z. Wu; K. Yamamoto; D. Yamato; T. Yang; U. K. Yang; Y. C. Yang; W. -M. Yao; G. P. Yeh; K. Yi; J. Yoh; K. Yorita; T. Yoshida; G. B. Yu

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

304

HEAVY BARYONS: A COMBINED LARGE Nc AND HEAVY QUARK EXPANSION FOR ELECTROWEAK CURRENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The combined large Nc and heavy quark limit for baryons containing a single heavy quark is discussed. The combined large Nc and heavy quark expansion of the heavy quark bilinear operators is obtained. In the combined expansion the corrections proportional to mN/mQ are summed to all orders. In particular, the combined expansion can be used to determine semileptonic form factors of heavy baryons in the combined limit. 1

Boris A. Gelman

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

RAMI Analyses of Heating Neutral Beam and Diagnostic Neutral Beam Systems for ITER  

SciTech Connect

A RAMI (Reliability, Availability, Maintainability, Inspectability) analysis has been performed for the heating (and current drive) neutral beam (HNB) and diagnostic neutral beam (DNB) systems of the ITER device. The objective of these analyses is to implement RAMI engineering requirements for design and testing to prepare a reliability-centred plan for commissioning, operation, and maintenance of the system in the framework of technical risk control to support the overall ITER Project. These RAMI requirements will correspond to the RAMI targets for the ITER project and the compensating provisions to reach them as deduced from the necessary actions to decrease the risk level of the function failure modes. The RAMI analyses results have to match with the procurement plan of the systems.

Chang, D. H. [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute(KAERI), Daejeon 305-353 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, S. [ITER-Korea Domestic Agency, National Fusion Research Institute(NFRI), Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of); Hemsworth, R.; Houtte, D. van; Okayama, K.; Sagot, F.; Schunke, B.; Svensson, L. [ITER Organization, 13067 St. Paul-lez-Durance Cedex (France)

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

306

Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment (NDCX) - II Quarterly Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

LBNL has received American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funding to construct a new accelerator at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) to significantly increase the energy on target, which will allow both the Heavy Ion Fusion (HIF) and Warm Dense Matter (WDM) research communities to explore scientific conditions that have not been available in any other device. For NDCX-II, a new induction linear accelerator (linac) will be constructed at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). NDCX-II will produce nano-second long ion beam bunches to hit thin foil targets. The final kinetic energy of the ions arriving at the target varies according to the ion mass. For atomic mass unit of 6 or 7 (Lithium ions), useful kinetic energies range from 1.5 to 5 or more MeV. The expected beam charge in the 1 ns (or shorter) pulse is about 20 nanoCoulombs. The pulse repetition rate will be about once or twice per minute (of course, target considerations will often reduce this rate). Our approach to building the NDCX-II ion accelerator is to make use of the available induction modules and 200 kV pulsers from the retired ATA electron linac at LLNL. Reusing this hardware will maximize the ion energy on target at a minimum cost. Some modification of the cells (e.g., reduce the bore diameter and replace with higher field pulsed solenoids) are needed in order to meet the requirements of this project. The NDCX-II project will include the following tasks: (1) Physics design to determine the required ion current density at the ion source, the injector beam optics, the layout of accelerator cells along the beam line, the voltage waveforms for beam acceleration and compression, the solenoid focusing, the neutralized drift compression and the final focus on target; (2) Engineering design and fabrication of the accelerator components, pulsed power system, diagnostic system, and control and data acquisition system; (3) Conventional facilities; and (4) Installation and integration. The project will be considered completed when the accelerator and pulsed power systems are in place and tested, and we begin beam production and acceleration. The period of performance for this project is July 7, 2009 to Mar 31, 2012, and the total funding, including contingency, is $11.0 M.

Kwan, J.W.

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Bounds on Heavy-to-Heavy Weak Decay Form Factors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide upper and lower bounds on the semileptonic weak decay form factors for $B \\to D^(*)$ and $\\Lambda_b \\to \\Lambda_c$ decays by utilizing inclusive heavy quark effective theory sum rules. These bounds are calculated to second order in $\\Lambda_{QCD}/m_Q$ and first order in $\\alpha_s$. The $O(\\alpha_s^2 \\beta_0)$ corrections to the bounds at zero recoil are also presented.

Chiang, C W

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Bounds on Heavy-to-Heavy Weak Decay Form Factors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide upper and lower bounds on the semileptonic weak decay form factors for $B \\to D^(*)$ and $\\Lambda_b \\to \\Lambda_c$ decays by utilizing inclusive heavy quark effective theory sum rules. These bounds are calculated to second order in $\\Lambda_{QCD}/m_Q$ and first order in $\\alpha_s$. The $O(\\alpha_s^2 \\beta_0)$ corrections to the bounds at zero recoil are also presented.

Cheng-Wei Chiang

2000-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

309

Bounds on Heavy-to-Heavy Baryonic Form Factors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Upper and lower bounds are established on the Lambda_b -> Lambda_c semileptonic decay form factors by utilizing inclusive heavy-quark-effective-theory sum rules. These bounds are calculated to leading order in Lambda_QCD/m_Q and alpha_s. The O(alpha_s^2 beta_0) corrections to the bounds at zero recoil are also presented. Several form factor models used in the literature are compared with our bounds.

Cheng-Wei Chiang

1999-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

310

Bounds on Heavy-to-Heavy Baryonic Form Factors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Upper and lower bounds are established on the Lambda_b -> Lambda_c semileptonic decay form factors by utilizing inclusive heavy-quark-effective-theory sum rules. These bounds are calculated to leading order in Lambda_QCD/m_Q and alpha_s. The O(alpha_s^2 beta_0) corrections to the bounds at zero recoil are also presented. Several form factor models used in the literature are compared with our bounds.

Chiang, C W

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Heavy flavor production from photons and hadrons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present state of the production and observation of hadrons containing heavy quarks or antiquarks as valence constituents, in reactions initiated by real and (space-like) virtual photon or by hadron beams is discussed. Heavy flavor production in e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation, which is well covered in a number of recent review papers is not discussed, and similarly, neutrino production is omitted due to the different (flavor-changing) mechanisms that are involved in those reactions. Heavy flavors from spacelike photons, heavy flavors from real photons, and heavy flavors from hadron-hadron collisions are discussed. (WHK)

Heusch, C.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Particle Data Group - 2009 Particle Listings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Axions (A0) and Other Very Light Bosons, Searches for Collapse Gauge and Higgs Boson table LEPTONS (e, mu, tau, neutrinos, heavy leptons ...) electron muon tau Heavy...

313

Particle Data Group - Particle Listings - 2007 update  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Axions (A0) and Other Very Light Bosons, Searches for Collapse Gauge and Higgs Boson table LEPTONS (e, mu, tau, neutrinos, heavy leptons ...) electron muon tau Heavy...

314

Particle Data Group - 2011 Particle Listings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Axions (A0) and Other Very Light Bosons, Searches for Collapse Gauge and Higgs Boson table LEPTONS (e, mu, tau, neutrinos, heavy leptons ...) electron muon tau Heavy...

315

Network non-neutrality debate: an economic analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies economic utilities and quality of service (QoS) in a two-sided non-neutral market where Internet service providers (ISPs) charge content providers (CPs) for the content delivery. We propose new models that involve a CP, an ISP, end ... Keywords: bargaining, nash equilibrium, network non-neutrality, side payment

Eitan Altman; Arnaud Legout; Yuedong Xu

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Green Vegetable Oil ProcessingChapter 8 Nano-neutralization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Green Vegetable Oil Processing Chapter 8 Nano-neutralization Processing eChapters Processing 11583F09728A04038E6F4D332D58B26A AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 8 Nano-neutralization from the book ...

317

Spectroscopy of transient neutral species via negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

Negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy has been used to study two types of transient neutral species: bound free radicals (NO{sub 2} and NO{sub 3}) and unstable neutral species ((IHI) and (FH{sub 2})). The negative ion time-of-flight photoelectron spectrometer used for these experiments is described in detail.

Weaver, A.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Spectroscopy of transient neutral species via negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy has been used to study two types of transient neutral species: bound free radicals (NO{sub 2} and NO{sub 3}) and unstable neutral species ([IHI] and [FH{sub 2}]). The negative ion time-of-flight photoelectron spectrometer used for these experiments is described in detail.

Weaver, A.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Heavy Vehicle Propulsion Materials Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of the Heavy Vehicle Propulsion Materials Program is to develop the enabling materials technology for the clean, high-efficiency diesel truck engines of the future. The development of cleaner, higher-efficiency diesel engines imposes greater mechanical, thermal, and tribological demands on materials of construction. Often the enabling technology for a new engine component is the material from which the part can be made. The Heavy Vehicle Propulsion Materials Program is a partnership between the Department of Energy (DOE), and the diesel engine companies in the United States, materials suppliers, national laboratories, and universities. A comprehensive research and development program has been developed to meet the enabling materials requirements for the diesel engines of the future. Advanced materials, including high-temperature metal alloys, intermetallics, cermets, ceramics, amorphous materials, metal- and ceramic-matrix composites, and coatings, are investigated for critical engine applications.

Sidney Diamond; D. Ray Johnson

1999-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

320

Status of ITER neutral beam cell remote handling system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ITER neutral beam cell will contain up to three heating neutral beams and one diagnostic neutral beam, and four upper ports. Though manual maintenance work is envisaged within the cell, when containment is breached, or the radiological protection is removed the maintenance must be conducted remotely. This maintenance constitutes the removal and replacement of line replaceable units, and their transport to and from a cask docked to the cell. A design of the remote handling system has been prepared to concept level which this paper describes including the development of a beam line transporter, beam source remote handling equipment, upper port remote handling equipment and equipment for the maintenance of the neutral shield. This equipment has been developed complete the planned maintenance tasks for the components of the neutral beam cell and to have inherent flexibility to enable as yet unforeseen tasks and recovery operations to be performed.

Sykes, N; Choi, C-H; Crofts, O; Crowe, R; Damiani, C; Delavalle, S; Meredith, L; Mindham, T; Raimbach, J; Tesini, A; Van Uffelen, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A Time Dependent Leptonic Model for Microquasar Jets: Application to LSI 61 303  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Galactic high-mass X-ray binary and jet source (microquasar) LSI +61 303 has recently been detected at TeV gamma-ray energies by the MAGIC telescope. We have applied a time-dependent leptonic jet model to the broadband spectral energy distribution and suggested (though not unambiguously detected) orbital modulation of the very high energy gamma-ray emission of this source. Our model takes into account time dependent electron injection and acceleration, and the adiabatic and radiative cooling of non-thermal electrons. It includes synchrotron, synchrotron self-Compton and external inverse Compton (with seed photons from the companion star), as well as gamma-gamma absorption of gamma-rays by starlight photons. The model can successfully reproduce the available multiwavelength observational data. Our best fit to the SED indicates that a magnetic field of B_0 ~ 5 X 10^3 G at ~ 10^3 R_g is required, and electrons need to be accelerated out to TeV energies (gamma_2 = 10^6) with a nonthermal injection spectrum with a spectral index of q = 1.7, indicating the operation of acceleration mechanisms beyond the standard first-order Fermi mechanism at relativistic or non-relativistic shocks. The orbital modulation of the VHE gamma-ray emission can be explained solely by the geometrical effect of changes in the relative orientation of the stellar companion with respect to the compact object and jet as it impacts the position and depth of the gamma-gamma absorption trough. Such a scenario predicts a trend of spectral hardening during VHE gamma-ray low orbital phases.

Swati Gupta; Markus Boettcher

2006-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

322

Measurement of the t-tbar production cross section in p-pbar collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96 TeV using lepton+jets events in the CDF detector at Fermilab  

SciTech Connect

The top quark is the most massive fundamental particle observed so far, and the study of its properties is interesting for several reasons ranging from its possible special role in electroweak symmetry breaking to its sensitivity to physics beyond the standard model (SM). In particular, the measurement of the top quark pair production cross section {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} is of interest as a test of QCD predictions. Recent QCD calculations done with perturbation theory to next-to-leading order predict {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} with an uncertainty of less than 15%, which motivate measurements of comparable precision. In this thesis, the author reports a measurement of the cross section for pair production of top quarks in the lepton+jets channel in 318 pb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collision data at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. The data were recorded between March 2002 and September 2004, during Run II of the Tevatron, by the CDF II detector, a general purpose detector which combines charged particle trackers, sampling calorimeters, and muon detectors. processes in which a W boson is produced in association with several jets with large transverse momentum can be misidentified at t{bar t}, since they have the same signature. In order to separate the t{bar t} events from this background, they develop a method to tag b-jets based on tracking information from the silicon detector. The main event selection requires at least one tight (more restrictive) b tag in the event. As a cross check, they also measure the cross section using events with a loose (less restrictive) b tag and events which have at least two tight or at least two loose b tags. Background contributions from heavy flavor production processes, such as Wb{bar b}, Wc{bar c} or Wc, misidentified W bosons, electroweak processes, single top production, and mistagged jets are estimated using a combination of Monte Carlo calculations and independent measurements in control data samples. An excess over background in the number of events that contain a lepton, missing energy and three or more jets with at least one b-tag is assumed to be a signal of t{bar t} production and is used to measure the production cross section {sigma}{sub t{bar t}}.

Palencia, Enrique; /Cantabria Inst. of Phys. /Cantabria U., Santander

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

A measurement of the top pair production cross-section in the dilepton channel using lepton plus track selection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using 1.1 fb{sup -1} of data collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF) from Run II of the Fermilab Tevatron, they measure the t{bar t} production cross section in events with two leptons, significant missing transverse energy, and {ge} 2 jets. As the Run II dataset grows, more stringent tests of Standard Model predictions for the top quark sector are becoming possible. The dilepton channel, where both top quarks decay t {yields} Wb {yields} {ell}{nu}b, is of particular interest due to its high purity even in the absence of a b jet 'tagging' requirement. Use of an isolated track as the second lepton significant increases the dilepton acceptance, at the price of some increase in background, particular from W + jets events where one of the jets is identified as a lepton. With the amount of data available, it has been possible to improve the estimate of the contribution from that background, reflected in a reduced systematic uncertainty. Assuming a branching ratio of BR(W {yields} {ell}{nu}) = 10.8% and a top mass of m{sub t} = 175 GeV/c{sup 2}, the measured cross-section is {sigma}(p{bar p} {yields} t{bar t}) = 8.3 {+-} 1.3(stat.) {+-} 0.7(syst.) {+-} 0.5(lumi.) pb. The result is consistent with the Standard Model prediction of 6.7{sub -0.9}{sup +0.7} pb and represents a significant improvement in precision over previous results using this selection.

Mills, Corrinne Elaine; /UC, Santa Barbara

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Blocked and recovered memories of affective, distinctive, and neutral paragraphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Highly affective memories have been thought to be longer lasting and more detailed than other memories, and many experimental results have supported this assertion. The apparent robustness of these memories, however, may result from their high distinctiveness, rather than their emotional content. Two experiments tested free and cued recall for negative affect, distinctive, and neutral paragraphs. Experiment 1 compared neutral and negative affect paragraphs using a blocked and recovered memory technique. Affective paragraphs were remembered significantly better than neutral paragraphs in free recall of paragraph titles, regardless of condition. Details of neutral paragraphs were remembered significantly better than affective paragraphs, regardless of condition. No recovery effect was found. Experiment 2 compared distinctive and neutral paragraphs using the same technique. Free recall of paragraph titles did not differ between paragraph types. Neutral paragraphs were remembered better than distinctive paragraphs in cued recall, regardless of condition. Participants remembered significantly more with cued recall, and significantly more in the forget condition, and distinctive paragraphs were subject to a much greater forgetting effect than neutral paragraphs. It is unclear why a robust forgetting effect, using these stimuli, was not found. Consistent with previous literature, affective stimuli were remembered well, but inconsistently, distinctive stimuli were not. These results provide support for the claim that negative affect memories are more robust than other memories. This may result from their inherent emotional content as opposed to their being distinctive in some way.

Corbisier, Barbara Lynn

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Search for anomalous production of prompt like-sign lepton pairs at $\\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV with the ATLAS detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An inclusive search for anomalous production of two prompt, isolated leptons with the same electric charge is presented. The search is performed in a data sample corresponding to 4.7 fb-1 of integrated luminosity collected in 2011 at $\\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. Pairs of leptons (ee, emu, and mumu) with large transverse momentum are selected, and the dilepton invariant mass distribution is examined for any deviation from the Standard Model expectation. No excess is found, and upper limits on the production cross section of like-sign lepton pairs from physics processes beyond the Standard Model are placed as a function of the dilepton invariant mass within a fiducial region close to the experimental selection criteria. The 95% confidence level upper limits on the cross section of anomalous ee, emu, or mumu production range between 1.7 fb and 64 fb depending on the dilepton mass and flavour combination.

Aad, Georges; Abbott, Brad; Abdallah, Jalal; Abdel Khalek, Samah; Abdelalim, Ahmed Ali; Abdinov, Ovsat; Aben, Rosemarie; Abi, Babak; Abolins, Maris; AbouZeid, Ossama; Abramowicz, Halina; Abreu, Henso; Acerbi, Emilio; Acharya, Bobby Samir; Adamczyk, Leszek; Adams, David; Addy, Tetteh; Adelman, Jahred; Adomeit, Stefanie; Adragna, Paolo; Adye, Tim; Aefsky, Scott; Aguilar-Saavedra, Juan Antonio; Agustoni, Marco; Aharrouche, Mohamed; Ahlen, Steven; Ahles, Florian; Ahmad, Ashfaq; Ahsan, Mahsana; Aielli, Giulio; Akdogan, Taylan; Åkesson, Torsten Paul Ake; Akimoto, Ginga; Akimov, Andrei; Alam, Mohammad; Alam, Muhammad Aftab; Albert, Justin; Albrand, Solveig; Aleksa, Martin; Aleksandrov, Igor; Alessandria, Franco; Alexa, Calin; Alexander, Gideon; Alexandre, Gauthier; Alexopoulos, Theodoros; Alhroob, Muhammad; Aliev, Malik; Alimonti, Gianluca; Alison, John; Allbrooke, Benedict; Allport, Phillip; Allwood-Spiers, Sarah; Almond, John; Aloisio, Alberto; Alon, Raz; Alonso, Alejandro; Alonso, Francisco; Alvarez Gonzalez, Barbara; Alviggi, Mariagrazia; Amako, Katsuya; Amelung, Christoph; Ammosov, Vladimir; Amor Dos Santos, Susana Patricia; Amorim, Antonio; Amram, Nir; Anastopoulos, Christos; Ancu, Lucian Stefan; Andari, Nansi; Andeen, Timothy; Anders, Christoph Falk; Anders, Gabriel; Anderson, Kelby; Andreazza, Attilio; Andrei, George Victor; Andrieux, Marie-Laure; Anduaga, Xabier; Anger, Philipp; Angerami, Aaron; Anghinolfi, Francis; Anisenkov, Alexey; Anjos, Nuno; Annovi, Alberto; Antonaki, Ariadni; Antonelli, Mario; Antonov, Alexey; Antos, Jaroslav; Anulli, Fabio; Aoki, Masato; Aoun, Sahar; Aperio Bella, Ludovica; Apolle, Rudi; Arabidze, Giorgi; Aracena, Ignacio; Arai, Yasuo; Arce, Ayana; Arfaoui, Samir; Arguin, Jean-Francois; Arik, Engin; Arik, Metin; Armbruster, Aaron James; Arnaez, Olivier; Arnal, Vanessa; Arnault, Christian; Artamonov, Andrei; Artoni, Giacomo; Arutinov, David; Asai, Shoji; Asfandiyarov, Ruslan; Ask, Stefan; Åsman, Barbro; Asquith, Lily; Assamagan, Ketevi; Astbury, Alan; Atkinson, Markus; Aubert, Bernard; Auge, Etienne; Augsten, Kamil; Aurousseau, Mathieu; Avolio, Giuseppe; Avramidou, Rachel Maria; Axen, David; Azuelos, Georges; Azuma, Yuya; Baak, Max; Baccaglioni, Giuseppe; Bacci, Cesare; Bach, Andre; Bachacou, Henri; Bachas, Konstantinos; Backes, Moritz; Backhaus, Malte; Badescu, Elisabeta; Bagnaia, Paolo; Bahinipati, Seema; Bai, Yu; Bailey, David; Bain, Travis; Baines, John; Baker, Oliver Keith; Baker, Mark; Baker, Sarah; Banas, Elzbieta; Banerjee, Piyali; Banerjee, Swagato; Banfi, Danilo; Bangert, Andrea Michelle; Bansal, Vikas; Bansil, Hardeep Singh; Barak, Liron; Baranov, Sergei; Barbaro Galtieri, Angela; Barber, Tom; Barberio, Elisabetta Luigia; Barberis, Dario; Barbero, Marlon; Bardin, Dmitri; Barillari, Teresa; Barisonzi, Marcello; Barklow, Timothy; Barlow, Nick; Barnett, Bruce; Barnett, Michael; Baroncelli, Antonio; Barone, Gaetano; Barr, Alan; Barreiro, Fernando; Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, João; Barrillon, Pierre; Bartoldus, Rainer; Barton, Adam Edward; Bartsch, Valeria; Basye, Austin; Bates, Richard; Batkova, Lucia; Batley, Richard; Battaglia, Andreas; Battistin, Michele; Bauer, Florian; Bawa, Harinder Singh; Beale, Steven; Beau, Tristan; Beauchemin, Pierre-Hugues; Beccherle, Roberto; Bechtle, Philip; Beck, Hans Peter; Becker, Anne Kathrin; Becker, Sebastian; Beckingham, Matthew; Becks, Karl-Heinz; Beddall, Andrew; Beddall, Ayda; Bedikian, Sourpouhi; Bednyakov, Vadim; Bee, Christopher; Beemster, Lars; Begel, Michael; Behar Harpaz, Silvia; Behera, Prafulla; Beimforde, Michael; Belanger-Champagne, Camille; Bell, Paul; Bell, William; Bella, Gideon; Bellagamba, Lorenzo; Bellina, Francesco; Bellomo, Massimiliano; Belloni, Alberto; Beloborodova, Olga; Belotskiy, Konstantin; Beltramello, Olga; Benary, Odette; Benchekroun, Driss; Bendtz, Katarina; Benekos, Nektarios; Benhammou, Yan; Benhar Noccioli, Eleonora; Benitez Garcia, Jorge-Armando; Benjamin, Douglas; Benoit, Mathieu; Bensinger, James; Benslama, Kamal; Bentvelsen, Stan; Berge, David; Bergeaas Kuutmann, Elin; Berger, Nicolas; Berghaus, Frank; Berglund, Elina; Beringer, Jürg; Bernat, Pauline; Bernhard, Ralf; Bernius, Catrin; Berry, Tracey; Bertella, Claudia; Bertin, Antonio; Bertolucci, Federico; Besana, Maria Ilaria; Besjes, Geert-Jan; Besson, Nathalie; Bethke, Siegfried; Bhimji, Wahid; Bianchi, Riccardo-Maria; Bianco, Michele; Biebel, Otmar; Bieniek, Stephen Paul; Bierwagen, Katharina; Biesiada, Jed; Biglietti, Michela; Bilokon, Halina; Bindi, Marcello; Binet, Sebastien; Bingul, Ahmet; Bini, Cesare; Biscarat, Catherine; Bittner, Bernhard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Heavy-Ion Physics with CMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article presents a brief overview of the CMS experiment capabilities to study the hot and dense matter created in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. The CERN Large Hadron Collider will provide collisions of Pb nuclei at 5.5 TeV per nucleon. The CMS heavy ion group has developed a plethora of physics analyses addressing many important aspects of heavy-ion physics in preparation for a competitive and successful program.

Aneta Iordanova

2008-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

327

Heavy ions and string theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review a selection of recent developments in the application of ideas of string theory to heavy ion physics. Our topics divide naturally into equilibrium and non-equilibrium phenomena. On the non-equilibrium side, we discuss generalizations of Bjorken flow, numerical simulations of black hole formation in asymptotically anti-de Sitter geometries, equilibration in the dual field theory, and hard probes. On the equilibrium side, we summarize improved holographic QCD, extraction of transport coefficients, inclusion of chemical potentials, and approaches to the phase diagram. We close with some possible directions for future research.

Oliver DeWolfe; Steven S. Gubser; Christopher Rosen; Derek Teaney

2013-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

328

Isospin Splittings of Doubly Heavy Baryons  

SciTech Connect

The SELEX Collaboration has reported a very large isospin splitting of doubly charmed baryons. We show that this effect would imply that the doubly charmed baryons are very compact. One intriguing possibility is that such baryons have a linear geometry Q-q-Q where the light quark q oscillates between the two heavy quarks Q, analogous to a linear molecule such as carbon dioxide. However, using conventional arguments, the size of a heavy-light hadron is expected to be around 0.5 fm, much larger than the size needed to explain the observed large isospin splitting. Assuming the distance between two heavy quarks is much smaller than that between the light quark and a heavy one, the doubly heavy baryons are related to the heavy mesons via heavy quark-diquark symmetry. Based on this symmetry, we predict the isospin splittings for doubly heavy baryons including {Xi}{sub cc}, {Xi}{sub bb} and {Xi}{sub bc}. The prediction for the {Xi}{sub cc} is much smaller than the SELEX value. On the other hand, the {Xi}{sub bb} baryons are predicted to have an isospin splitting as large as (6.3 {+-} 1.7) MeV. An experimental study of doubly bottomed baryons is therefore very important to better understand the structure of baryons with heavy quarks.

Brodsky, Stanley J.; /SLAC; Guo, Feng-Kun; /Bonn U., HISKP /Bonn U.; Hanhart, Christoph; /Julich, Forschungszentrum /JCHP, Julich /IAS, Julich; Meissner, Ulf-G.; /Julich, Forschungszentrum /JCHP, Julich /IAS, Julich /Bonn U., HISKP /Bonn U.

2011-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

329

Heavy Duty Truck Engine Advancement Adoption  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

petroleum consumption. According to the DOE Energy Information Administration's Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) 2009, U.S. heavy truck fuel consumption will increase 23 percent between...

330

Factorization for hadronic heavy quarkonium production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We briefly review several models of heavy quarkonium production in hadronic collisions, and discuss the status of QCD factorization for these production models.

Jian-Wei Qiu

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

331

Recent Heavy Flavor Results at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We summarize the recent experimental results of heavy favor physics from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) in Brookhaven National Lab (BNL) at Long Island, New York, USA.We will discuss the directly reconstructed open charm mesons as well as electrons from heavy favor hadron decays. The charm and bottom quark production cross-sections have also been measured. We will also discuss JPsi and Upsilon states in p+p and heavy ion collisions. The studies described here were carried out and reported by the STAR and PHENIX collaborations at RHIC.

Wenqin Xu

2011-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

332

Heavy ion physics at the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heavy Ion Physics at the LHC ? R. VogtLaboratory, Berkeley, CA USA Physics Department, Universityfor addressing unique physics issues in a completely new

Vogt, R.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Leptonic decay-constant ratio f_{K^+}/f_{pi^+} from lattice QCD with physical light quarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A calculation of the ratio of leptonic decay constants f_{K^+}/f_{\\pi^+} makes possible a precise determination of the ratio of CKM matrix elements |V_{us}|/|V_{ud}| in the Standard Model, and places a stringent constraint on the scale of new physics that would lead to deviations from unitarity in the first row of the CKM matrix. We compute f_{K^+}/f_{\\pi^+} numerically in unquenched lattice QCD using gauge-field ensembles recently generated that include four flavors of dynamical quarks: up, down, strange, and charm. We analyze data at four lattice spacings a ~ 0.06, 0.09, 0.12, and 0.15 fm with simulated pion masses down to the physical value 135 MeV. We obtain f_{K^+}/f_{\\pi^+} = 1.1947(26)(37), where the errors are statistical and total systematic, respectively. This is our first physics result from our N_f = 2+1+1 ensembles, and the first calculation of f_{K^+}/f_{\\pi^+} from lattice-QCD simulations at the physical point. Our result is the most precise lattice-QCD determination of f_{K^+}/f_{\\pi^+}, with an error comparable to the current world average. When combined with experimental measurements of the leptonic branching fractions, it leads to a precise determination of |V_{us}|/|V_{ud}| = 0.2309(9)(4) where the errors are theoretical and experimental, respectively.

A. Bazavov; C. Bernard; C. DeTar; J. Foley; W. Freeman; Steven Gottlieb; U. M. Heller; J. E. Hetrick; J. Kim; J. Laiho; L. Levkova; M. Lightman; J. Osborn; S. Qiu; R. L. Sugar; D. Toussaint; R. S. Van de Water; R. Zhou

2013-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

334

Neutral beam based on positive ions with direct energy conversion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Positive ions can make efficient neutral beams when direct energy conversion is incorporated at energies up to 150 keV for D/sup 0/, 225 keV for T/sup 0/ and 300 keV for /sup 3/He/sup 0/. Above these energies the efficiency is low (<50%) and falling rapidly, requiring other means for making neutral beams such as negative ions. The virtues of /sup 3/He/sup 0/ beams as a heater are discussed. The role of direct conversion is discussed and the various conversion concepts and the experimental data base are reviewed. The development problems facing direct conversion are: space charge handling, secondary and primary electron suppression, and the fractional energy ions. The next step in the development of efficient neutral beams based on positive ions is argued to be a developmental beam which integrates an advanced ion source with a neutralizer, cryopump, direct converter, heat removal system, and power conditioning system.

Moir, R.W.; Barr, W.L.; Blum, A.S.; Hamilton, G.W.

1977-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

OpenEI:Neutral point of view | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

given to minor points of view. Neutral point of view is a principal core policy of the OpenEI platform. For further information, please refer to our model for this policy,...

336

Gust Structure in the Neutral Surface Boundary Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measured characteristics of gust amplitudes and times in the neutral surface boundary layer are presented. The probability of gust amplitudes exceeding a prescribed level is shown to decrease exponentially with amplitude, provided the amplitude ...

J. C. Doran; D. C. Powell

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Numerical and Experimental Investigation of the Neutral Atmospheric Surface Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study combines the experimental measurements with large-eddy simulation (LES) data of a neutral planetary boundary layer (PBL) documented by a 60-m tower instrumented with eight sonic anemometers, and a high-resolution Doppler lidar during ...

Philippe Drobinski; Pierre Carlotti; Jean-Luc Redelsperger; Valery Masson; Robert M. Banta; Rob K. Newsom

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Single-Point Closures in a Neutrally Stratified Boundary Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Closure assumptions often employed in single-point closure models for boundary-layer applications are evaluated against a neutrally stratified planetary boundary-layer flow generated by large-eddy simulation. The contributions from slow and rapid ...

Anders Andrén; Chin-Hoh Moeng

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Long-distance quantum communication with neutral atoms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we develop quantitative performance analyses for a variety of quantum communication/computation systems that have the common feature of employing neutral atoms for storage/processing and photons for qubit ...

Razavi, Mohsen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Requirements for neutral beam current drive in tokamaks  

SciTech Connect

This paper contains viewgraphs on the use of neutral beam current drive in future tokamaks. Current profiles, slowing down distributions, beam destabilization of alfven waves and plasma parameters are some items covered in this paper. (DWL)

Dory, R.A.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

MODELING DRIFT ALONG THE HELIOSPHERIC WAVY NEUTRAL SHEET  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Drift along the wavy heliospheric neutral sheet is believed to play an important role in cosmic-ray modulation and can explain the peaked versus flat intensity profiles during consecutive solar magnetic epochs. Modulation models are becoming more and more realistic and in order to determine the role of the wavy neutral sheet more accurately, we revisit a previous calculation for drift along it. While mathematically correct, we argue that the previous expression for neutral sheet drift, which follows naturally from the standard expression for gradient and curvature drift, must be adapted in order for the drift speed to be less than particle speed. We compare the effect of both the previous and the current more accurate version of neutral sheet drift on cosmic-ray modulation with results obtained by other methods.

Burger, R. A. [Centre for Space Research, North-West University, 2520 Potchefstroom (South Africa)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

342

Neutral bimetallic transition metal phenoxyiminato catalysts and related polymerization methods  

SciTech Connect

A catalyst composition comprising a neutral bimetallic diphenoxydiiminate complex of group 10 metals or Ni, Pd or Pt is disclosed. The compositions can be used for the preparation of homo- and co-polymers of olefinic monomer compounds.

Marks, Tobin J. (Evanston, IL); Rodriguez, Brandon A. (Evanston, IL); Delferro, Massimiliano (Chicago, IL)

2012-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

343

Heavy Squarks at the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The LHC, with its seven-fold increase in energy over the Tevatron, is capable of probing regions of SUSY parameter space exhibiting qualitatively new collider phenomenology. Here we investigate one such region in which first generation squarks are very heavy compared to the other superpartners. We find that the production of these squarks, which is dominantly associative, only becomes rate-limited at mSquark > 4(5) TeV for L~10(100) fb-1. However, discovery of this scenario is complicated because heavy squarks decay primarily into a jet and boosted gluino, yielding a dijet-like topology with missing energy (MET) pointing along the direction of the second hardest jet. The result is that many signal events are removed by standard jet/MET anti-alignment cuts designed to guard against jet mismeasurement errors. We suggest replacing these anti-alignment cuts with a measurement of jet substructure that can significantly extend the reach of this channel while still removing much of the background. We study a selection of benchmark points in detail, demonstrating that mSquark= 4(5) TeV first generation squarks can be discovered at the LHC with L~10(100)fb-1.

JiJi Fan; David Krohn; Pablo Mosteiro; Arun M. Thalapillil; Lian-Tao Wang

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Heavy Flavour results from Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

The CDF and D0 experiments finalize the analysis of their full statistics collected in the p{bar p} collisions at a center-of-mass energy of {radical}s = 1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. This paper presents several new results on the properties of hadrons containing heavy b- and c-quarks obtained by both collaborations. These results include the search for the rare decays B{sup 0}, B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} (CDF), the study of CP asymmetry in B{sub s} {yields} J{psi}{phi} decay (CDF, D0), the measurement of the like-sign dimuon charge asymmetry (D0), the measurement of CP asymmetry in D{sup 0} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -} and D{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} decays (CDF), and the new measurement of the B{sub s} {yields} D{sub s}{sup (*)+} D{sub s}{sup (*)-} branching fraction (CDF). Both experiments still expect to produce more results on the properties of heavy flavours.

Borissov, G.; /Lancaster U.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Neutral particle dynamics in the Alcator C-Mod tokamak  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This thesis presents an experimental study of neutral particle dynamics in the Alcator C-Mod tokamak. The primary diagnostic used is a set of six neutral pressure gauges, including special-purpose gauges built for in situ tokamak operation. While a low main chamber neutral pressure coincides with high plasma confinement regimes, high divertor pressure is required for heat and particle flux dispersion in future devices such as ITER. Thus we examine conditions that optimize divertor compression, defined here as a divertor-to-midplane pressure ratio. We find both pressures depend primarily on the edge plasma regimes defined by the scrape-off-layer heat transport. While the maximum divertor pressure is achieved at high core plasma densities corresponding to the detached divertor state, the maximum compression is achieved in the high-recycling regime. Variations in the divertor geometry have a weaker effect on the neutral pressures. For otherwise similar plasmas the divertor pressure and compression are maximum when the strike point is at the bottom of the vertical target plate. We introduce a simple flux balance model, which allows us to explain the divertor neutral pressure across a wide range of plasma densities. In particular, high pressure sustained in the detached divertor (despite a considerable drop in the recycling source) can be explained by scattering of neutrals off the cold plasma plugging the divertor throat. Because neutrals are confined in the divertor through scattering and ionization processes (provided the mean-free-paths are much shorter than a typical escape distance) tight mechanical baffling is unnecessary. The analysis suggests that two simple structural modifications may increase the divertor compression in Alcator C-Mod by a factor of about 5. Widening the divertor throat would increase the divertor recycling source, while closing leaks in the divertor structure would eliminate a significant neutral loss mechanism. 146 refs., 82 figs., 14 tabs.

Niemczewski, A.P.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Emissions Trading with Profit-Neutral Permit Allocations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Emissions Trading with Profit-Neutral Permit Allocations Cameron J. Hepburn, John K.-H. Quah, and Robert A. Ritz August 2012 CWPE 1235 EMISSIONS TRADING WITH PROFIT-NEUTRAL PERMIT ALLOCATIONS Cameron J... or technologies. However, there is a significant disadvantage to the use of taxes or trading: inframarginal wealth 1 The authors are affiliated to, respectively, the Grantham Research Institute, London School of Economics and Political Science (c.j...

Hepburn, Cameron J.; Quah, John K.-H.; Ritz, Robert A.

2012-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

347

Neutralization of H/sup -/ beams with gas jets  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A test facility was constructed to create a compact curtain-shaped gas jet as a first-generation operational neutralizer for the 150 keV H/sup -/ beam. Different gases and vapors were considered, their optimum target thicknesses and neutralization efficiencies with respect to beam energies were explored. Two techniques of gas jet formation were compared. Multiparallel-channel effusive jets of CO/sub 2/ and H/sub 2/ were selected as test candidates.

Lam, C.K.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Search for Higgs decays to tau lepton pairs at the Tevatron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a search for neutral supersymmetric Higgs bosons decaying to tau+tau- pairs produced in ppbar collisions at sqrt{s}=1.96 TeV. The data have been collected with the CDF II and D0 detectors at the Tevatron collider at Fermilab (1 fb^-1 of integrated luminosity per experiment). No significant excess above the standard model backgrounds is observed. We set exclusion limits on the Higgs production cross-section times the branching fraction of its decay to tau+tau- pairs for Higgs masses in the range from 90 to 250 GeV/c^2. We also set exclusion limits on MSSM parameters m_A and tan_beta in several benchmark scenarios.

I. Kravchenko; for the CDF; D0 Collaborations

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

349

An improved user interface for ASSESS/Neutralization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ASSESS Neutralization Analysis module (Neutralization) is part of Analytic System and Software for Evaluation of Safeguards and Security, ASSESS, a vulnerability assessment tool. Neutralization models a fire fight engagement between security inspectors (SIs) and adversaries. Since version 1.0 of Neutralization was released in 1989, experience has shown that several features of the user interface should be improved. This report describes the improvements that have been implemented, which simplify operation by consolidating all capabilities under a single mode of operation, remove many restrictions on editing, and concentrate more information into fewer types of printed reports. Every adversary and SI combatant is named and described individually. Time to communicate orders is specified for each SI combatant. Adversaries and SIs can be reinforced. SI posting as well deployment destination is labeled. Scenario details can be revised without losing all completed event information. New on-screen summaries spell out characteristics, minimizing abbreviations. Neutralization will read files created by the previous version and permit the user to enter the additional labels supported in the new version. As described here, Neutralization now has an interface that handles more information, but is easier and faster to use.

Paulus, W.K. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (US); Mondragon, J.; Sedam, M. [Science and Engineering Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (US)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

ASSOCIATED HIGGS BOSON PRODUCTION WITH HEAVY QUARKS.  

SciTech Connect

The production of a Higgs boson in association with a pair of e quarks will play a very important role at both hadron and lepton colliders. We review the status of theoretical predictions and their relevance to Higgs boson studies, with particular emphasis on the recently calculated NLO QCD corrections to the inclusive cross section for p{bar p}, pp {yields} t{bar t}h. We conclude by briefly discussing the case of exclusive b{bar b}h production and the potential of this process in revealing signals of new physics beyond the Standard Model.

DAWSON,S.ORR,L.H.REINA,L.WACKEROTH,D.

2003-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

351

Heavy metals hazardous components of Eaf dust  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric arc furnace (EAF) dust is a waste generated in the EAF during the steel production process. Among different wastes, EAF dust represents one of the most hazardous, since it contains heavy metals such as Zn, Fe, Cr, Cd and Pb. The goal of the ... Keywords: electric arc furnace (EAF), furnace additives, hazard components, heavy metals, scrap composition, x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy

Cristiana-Zizi Rizescu; Zorica Bacinschi; Elena Valentina Stoian; Aurora Poinescu; Dan Nicolae Ungureanu

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Heavy metals in suspended powders from steelmaking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivations for controlling heavy metal concentrations in gas streams are diverse. Some of them are dangerous to health or to the environment (e.g. Hg, Cd, As, Pb, Cr), some may cause corrosion (e.g. Zn, Pb), some are harmful in other ways (e.g. Arsenic ... Keywords: anthropogenic sources, emissions, heavy metals, human health, pollution of ecosystem, toxic

Cristiana-Zizi Rizescu; Elena-Valentina Stoian; Aurora-Anca Poinescu; Sofia Teodorescu

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

UNITAR boosts cogeneration for heavy crude production  

SciTech Connect

The UNITAR/UNDP Information Center for Heavy Crude and Tar Sands publicized the favorable effect of cogeneration on the economics of generating steam for in situ recovery of heavy oil. Although cogeneration of electricity with the production of steam for heavy crude production is a rapidly growing activity in California, it is still unknown in other countries where heavy crude is produced. The study concentrated on two specific cases: a heavy crude cogeneration plant in Kern County in California and a heavy crude production plant at Wolf Lake in Alberta, Canada. A comparison of the two cases showed that due to the specific conditions in California, cogeneration can reduce, in this specific case, the cost of production of heavy crude by $4.80 per barrel whereas in the case of Wolf Lake, cogeneration would not be economic (electricity prices in relation to natural gas prices are much lower in Canada). One of the purposes of the UNITAR study was to direct attention in other countries producing heavy crude to the advantages of cogeneration.

Not Available

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Heavy Vehicle Technologies Program Retrospective and Outlook  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

OHVT Mission is to conduct, in collaboration with our heavy vehicle industry partners and their suppliers, a customer-focused national program to research and develop technologies that will enable trucks and other heavy vehicles to be more energy efficient and able to use alternative fuels while simultaneously reducing emissions.

James J. Eberhardt

1999-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

355

Electron-State Hybridization in Heavy-Fermion Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron-State Hybridization in Heavy-Fermion Systems Electron-State Hybridization in Heavy-Fermion Systems Print Wednesday, 27 September 2006 00:00 Heavy-fermion systems are...

356

U.S. Heavy Ion Beam Science towards inertial fusion energy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Significant experimental and theoretical progress in the U.S heavy-ion fusion (HIF) program is reported in modeling and measurements of intense space-charge-dominated heavy ion and electron beams. Measurements of the transport of a well-matched and aligned high current (0.2A) 1.0 MeV potassium ion beam through 10 electric quadrupoles, with a fill factor of 60%, shows no emittance growth within experimental measurement uncertainty, as expected from the simulations. Another experiment shows that passing a beam through an aperture can reduce emittance to near the theoretical limits, and that plasma neutralization of the beam's space-charge can greatly reduce the focal spot radius. Measurements of intense beamlet current density, emittance, charge-state purity, and energy spread from a new, high-brightness, Argon plasma source for HIF experiments are described. New theory and simulations of neutralization of intense beam space charge with plasma in various focusing chamber configurations indicate that near-emittance-limited beam focal spot sizes can be obtained even with beam perveance an order of magnitude higher than in earlier HIF focusing experiments.

Logan, B.G.; Baca, D.; Barnard, J.J.; Bieniosek, F.M.; Burkhart, C.; Celata, C.M.; Chacon-Golcher, E.; Cohen, R.H.; Davidson, R.C.; Efthimion P.; Faltens, A.; Friedman, A.; Grisham, L.; Grote, D.P.; Haber, I.; Henestroza, E.; Kaganovich, I.; Kishek, R.A.; Kwan, J.W.; Lee, E.P.; Lee, W.W.; Leitner, M.; Lund, S.M.; Meier, W.R.; Molvik, A.W.; O'Shea, P.G.; Olson, C.; Olson, R.E.; Prost, L.R.; Qin, H.; Reiser, M.; Rose, D.; Sabbi, G.; Seidl, P.A.; Sharp, W.M.; Shuman, D.B.; Vay, J-L.; Waldron, W.L.; Welch, D.; Westenskow, G.A.; Yu, S.S.

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Research and Development Opportunities for Heavy Trucks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1] 1] Introduction Heavy-duty long-haul trucks are critical to the movement of the Nation's freight. These vehicles, which currently consume about 10 percent of the Nation's oil, are characterized by high fuel consumption, fast market turnover, and rapid uptake of new technologies. Improving the fuel economy of Class 8 trucks will dramatically impact both fuel and cost savings. This paper describes the importance of heavy trucks to the Nation's economy, and its potential for fuel efficiency gains. Why Focus on Heavy Trucks? Large and Immediate Impact Investments in improving the fuel economy of heavy Class 8 trucks will result in large reduction in petroleum consumption within a short timeframe. While heavy-duty vehicles make up only 4% of the

358

Heavy photon search experiment at JLAB  

SciTech Connect

The Heavy Photon Search (HPS) experiment in Hall-B at Jefferson Lab will search for new heavy vector boson(s), aka "heavy photons", in the mass range of 20 MeV/c{sup 2} to 1000 MeV/c{sup 2} using the scattering of high energy, high intensity electron beams off a high Z target. The proposed measurements will cover the region of parameter space favored by the muon g-2 anomaly, and will explore a significant region of parameter space, not only at large couplings ({alpha}'/{alpha} > 10{sup -7}), but also in the regions of small couplings, down to {alpha}'/{alpha}~10{sup -10}. The excellent vertexing capability of the Si-tracker uniquely enables HPS to cover the small coupling region. Also, HPS will search for heavy photons in an alternative to the e{sup +} e{sup -} decay mode, in the heavy photon's decay to {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}.

Stepanyan, Stepan [JLAB

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Helicity probabilities for heavy quark fragmentation into heavy-light excited mesons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After a brief review on how heavy quark symmetry constraints the helicity fragmentation probabilities for a heavy quark hadronizes into heavy-light hadrons, we present a heavy quark fragmentation model to extract the value for the Falk-Peskin probability $w_{3/2}$ describing the fragmentation of a heavy quark into a heavy-light meson whose light degrees of freedom have angular momentum ${3 \\over 2}$. We point out that this probability depends on the longitudinal momentum fraction $z$ of the meson and on its transverse momentum $p_\\bot$ relative to the jet axis. In this model, the light degrees of freedom prefer to have their angular momentum aligned transverse to, rather than along, the jet axis. Implications for the production of excited heavy mesons, like $D^{**}$ and $B^{**}$, are briefly discussed.

Tzu Chiang Yuan

1995-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

360

Flavor changing neutral decay effects in models with two Higgs boson doublets: Applications to LHC Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this Thesis we have investigated some effects appearing in top quark and Higgs boson decays with flavor changing neutral currents (FCNC) in the framework of generic Two Higgs Doblet Models (2HDM) and the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). We have applied these two extensions to the SM to see whether they can produce new FCNC effects. Introductory chapters deal with the 2HDM and the MSSM. In the next chapters we have computed the following FCNC decays: (1) the branching ratios (B) of the top quark to Higgs bosons and charm quark in the 2HDM; (2) B and number of events at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the Higgs bosons to top and charm quarks in the 2HDM; (3) B of the Higgs bosons to bottom and strange quarks in the MSSM; (4) cross section and number of events at the LHC of the Higgs bosons to FCNC final states involving the heavy quarks like the top and bottom quark in the MSSM (Higgs bosons = h^0, H^0, A^0). We also studied the experimental signatures that would allow discover of the nature of these Higgs bosons in the LHC. In this study we have applied the severe restrictions from observed low-energy FCNC processes like b -> s\\gamma. Our general conclusion is that the physics of the processes with flavor changing neutral currents can be very important in seeing the physics beyond the Standard Model and to disentangle the nature of the most adequate model. Experiments at the LHC can be crucial to unravel signs of FCNC physics beyond the SM.

Santi Bejar

2006-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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361

Spectroscopy of Very Heavy Elements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advances in spectroscopic techniques have meant that heavy nuclei in the upper right-hand corner of the nuclear chart have become amenable to detailed study. This detailed spectroscopic data can provide a stringent test for current nuclear structure theories. Experiments to investigate the structure of nuclei in the region of {sup 254}No can yield information concerning moments of inertia, stability against fission with rotation, single-particle properties, excitation energies of two quasi-particle states, and so on. A brief overview of the techniques used and recent results from studies in the region of {sup 254}No are presented, along with a summary of future developments which will allow further advances to be made.

Greenlees, P. T.; Herzberg, R.-D.; Ketelhut, S.; Eeckhaudt, S.; Jakobsson, U.; Jones, P.; Julin, R.; Juutinen, S.; Leino, M.; Nyman, M.; Peura, P.; Rahkila, P.; Saren, J.; Scholey, C.; Sorri, J.; Uusitalo, J. [Department of Physics, University of Jyvaeskylae, FIN-40014 Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Ackermann, D.; Hessberger, F.-P. [GSI, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Butler, P. A.; Gray-Jones, C. [Department of Physics, University of Liverpool, Oxford Street, Liverpool, L69 7ZE (United Kingdom)] (and others)

2008-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

362

SUPRI heavy oil research program  

SciTech Connect

The 14th Annual Report of the SUPRI Heavy Oil Research Program includes discussion of the following topics: (1) A Study of End Effects in Displacement Experiments; (2) Cat Scan Status Report; (3) Modifying In-situ Combustion with Metallic Additives; (4) Kinetics of Combustion; (5) Study of Residual Oil Saturation for Steam Injection and Fuel Concentration for In-Situ Combustion; (6) Analysis of Transient Foam Flow in 1-D Porous Media with Computed Tomography; (7) Steam-Foam Studies in the Presence of Residual Oil; (8) Microvisualization of Foam Flow in a Porous Medium; (9) Three- Dimensional Laboratory Steam Injection Model; (10) Saturation Evaluation Following Water Flooding; (11) Numerical Simulation of Well-to-Well Tracer Flow Test with Nonunity Mobility Ratio.

Aziz, K.; Ramey, H.J. Jr.; Castanier, L.M.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

HEAVY WATER MODERATED NEUTRONIC REACTOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nuclear reactor of the type which utilizes uranium fuel elements and a liquid coolant is described. The fuel elements are in the form of elongated tubes and are disposed within outer tubes extending through a tank containing heavy water, which acts as a moderator. The ends of the fuel tubes are connected by inlet and discharge headers, and liquid bismuth is circulated between the headers and through the fuel tubes for cooling. Helium is circulated through the annular space between the outer tubes in the tank and the fuel tubes to cool the water moderator to prevent boiling. The fuel tubes are covered with a steel lining, and suitable control means, heat exchange means, and pumping means for the coolants are provided to complete the reactor assembly.

Szilard, L.

1958-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

364

Lepton flavour violating Higgs Boson decays, tau --> mu gamma and B(s) --> mu+mu- in the constrained MSSM+NR with large tan beta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Realistic predictions are made for the rates of lepton flavour violating Higgs boson decays, tau --> mu gamma, mu --> e gamma, Bs --> mu+mu-, Bs --> tau mu and tau --> 3mu, via a top-down analysis of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model(MSSM) constrained by SU(5) unification with right-handed Neutrinos and large tan beta. The third family neutrino Yukawa coupling is chosen to be of order 1, in this way our model bares a significant resemblance to supersymmetric SO(10). In this framework the large PMNS mixings result in potentially large lepton flavour violation. Our analysis predicts tau --> mu gamma and mu --> e gamma rates in the region (10^{-8}-10^{-6}) and (10^{-15}-10^{-14}) respectively. We also show that the rates for lepton flavour violating Higgs decays can be as large as 10^{-7}. The non-decoupling nature of H --> tau mu is observed which leads to its decay rate becoming comparable to that for tau --> mu gamma for large values of m_0 and M_1/2. We also find that the present bound on Bs --> mu+mu- is an important constraint on the rate of lepton flavour violating Higgs decays. The recently measured Bs-Bsbar mixing parameter Delta Ms is also investigated.

J. K. Parry

2005-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

365

Measurement of R = B(t?Wb)/B(t?Wq) in top-quark-pair decays using lepton+jets events and the full CDF run II dataset  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a measurement of the ratio of the top-quark branching fractions R=B(t?Wb)/ B(t?Wq), where q represents quarks of type b, s, or d, in the final state with a lepton and hadronic jets. The measurement uses ?s=1.96??TeV ...

Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo

366

Search for pair production of scalar top quarks decaying to a tau lepton and a b quark in 1.96 TeV ppbar collisions  

SciTech Connect

I present the results of a search for pair production of scalar top quarks ({tilde t}{sub 1}) in an R-parity violating supersymmetric scenario using 322 pb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV collected by the upgraded Collider Detector at Fermilab. I assume each {tilde t}{sub 1} decays into a {tau} lepton and a b quark, with branching ratio {beta}, and search for final states containing either an electron or a muon from a leptonic {tau} decay, a hadronically decaying {tau} lepton, and two or more jets. Two candidate events pass my final selection criteria, consistent with the expectation from standard model processes. I present upper limits on the cross section times branching ratio squared {sigma}({tilde t}{sub 1}{bar {tilde t}}{sub 1}) x {beta}{sup 2} as a function of the stop mass m({tilde t}{sub 1}). Assuming {beta} = 1, I set a 95% confidence level limit m({tilde t}{sub 1}) > 153 GeV=c{sup 2}. These limits are also fully applicable to the case of a pair produced third generation scalar leptoquark that decays into a {tau} lepton and a b quark.

Khotilovich, Vadim, G.; /Texas A-M

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Electron-State Hybridization in Heavy-Fermion Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron-State Hybridization in Heavy-Fermion Systems Print Heavy-fermion systems are characterized by electrons with extremely large effective masses. The corresponding...

368

Deformation Prediction of a Heavy Hydro Turbine Blade During ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Deformation Prediction of a Heavy Hydro Turbine Blade During ... Abstract Scope, Heavy hydro turbine castings are made of martensitic ...

369

Experimental Research on Recovery of Heavy Metals from EAF ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To recycle these heavy metals, it is quite important to know the reactivity and metallurgical behavior of these heavy metals contained in EAF stainless steel dust.

370

Assessment of heavy metal contamination of roadside soils in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 16, 2008 ... heavy metals was found using factor analysis. Keywords Heavy metals Á Roadside soils Á. Transportation period Á Contamination index Á.

371

Measurement of the top quark mass in $p \\bar{p}$ collisions using events with two leptons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a measurement of the top quark mass (m{sub t}) in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV using t{bar t} events with two leptons (ee, e{mu} or {mu}{mu}) in the final state in 4.3 fb{sup -1} of data collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. We analyze the kinematically underconstrained dilepton events by integrating over the neutrino rapidity distributions. We reduce the dominant systematic uncertainties from jet energy calibration using a correction obtained from t{bar t} {yields} {ell} + jets events. We also correct jets in simulated events to replicate the quark flavor dependence of the jet response in data. In combination with our previous analysis, we measure m{sub t} = 174.0 {+-} 2.4(stat) {+-} 1.4(syst) GeV.

Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim; /Oklahoma U.; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath; /Tata Inst.; Adams, Mark Raymond; /Illinois U., Chicago; Adams, Todd; /Florida State U.; Alexeev, Guennadi D.; /Dubna, JINR; Alkhazov, Georgiy D.; /St. Petersburg, INP; Alton, Andrew K.; /Michigan U. /Augustana Coll., Sioux Falls; Alverson, George O.; /Northeastern U.; Aoki, Masato; /Fermilab; Askew, Andrew Warren; /Florida State U. /Stockholm U.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Measurement of the Top Quark Mass at CDF Using the Template Method in the Lepton + Jets Channel  

SciTech Connect

A measurement of the top quark mass in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV is presented. The analysis uses a template method, in which the overconstrained kinematics of the Lepton+Jets channel of the t{bar t} system are used to measure a single quantity, the reconstructed top quark mass, that is strongly correlated with the true top quark mass. in addition, the dijet mass of the hadronically decaying W boson is used to constrain in situ the uncertain jet energy scale in the CDF detector. Two-dimensional probability density functions are derived using a kernel density estimate-based machinery. Using 1.9 fb{sup -1} of data, the top quark mass is measured to be 171.8{sub -1.9}{sup +1.9}(stat.) {+-} 1.0(syst.)GeV/c{sup 2}.

Adelman, Jahred A.; /Chicago U.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

A Scaled Final Focus Experiment for Heavy Ion Fusion  

SciTech Connect

A one-tenth dimensionally scaled version of a final focus sub-system design for a heavy ion fusion driver is built and tested. By properly scaling the physics parameters that relate particle energy and mass, beam current, beam emittance, and focusing field, the transverse dynamics of a driver scale final focus are replicated in a small laboratory beam. The experiment uses a 95 {micro}A beam of 160 keV Cs{sup +} ions to study the dynamics as the beam is brought to a ballistic focus in a lattice of six quadrupole magnets. Diagnostic stations along the experiment track the evolution of the transverse phase space of the beam. The measured focal spot size is consistent with calculations and the report of the design on which the experiment is based. By uniformly varying the strengths of the focusing fields in the lattice, the chromatic effect of a small energy deviation on the spot size can be reproduced. This is done for {+-}1% and {+-}2% shifts and the changes in the focus are measured. Additionally, a 400 {micro}A beam is propagated through the experiment and partially neutralized after the last magnet using electrons released from a hot tungsten filament. The increase in beam current allows for the observation of significant effects on both the size and shape of the focal spot when the electrons are added.

MacLaren, Stephan, Alexander

2000-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

374

Instrumentation system for long-pulse MFTF neutral beams  

SciTech Connect

The instrumentation system for long pulse neutral beams for MFTFS consists of monitoring and protective circuitry. Global synchronization of high speed monitoring data across twenty-four neutral beams is achieved via an experiment wide fiber optic timing system. Fiber optics are also used as a means of isolating signals at elevated voltages. An excess current monitor, interrupt monitor, sparkdown detector, spot detector and gradient grid ratio detector form the primary protection for the neutral beam source. A unique hierarchical interlocking scheme allows other protective devices to be factored into the shutdown circuitry of the power supply so that the initiating cause of a shutdown can be isolated and even allows some non-critical devices to be safely ignored for a period of time.

Risch, D.M.

1981-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

375

Recovery of heavy crude oil or tar sand oil or bitumen from underground formations  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a method of producing heavy crude oil or tar sand oil or bitumen from an underground formation. The method consists of utilizing or establishing an aqueous fluid communication path within and through the formation between an injection well or conduit and a production well or conduit by introducing into the formation from the injection well or conduit hot water and/or low quality steam at a temperature in the range about 60{sup 0}-130{sup 0}C and at a substantially neutral or alkaline pH to establish or enlarge the aqueous fluid communication path within the formation from the injection well or conduit to the production well or conduit by movement of the introduced hot water or low quality steam through the formation, increasing the temperature of the injected hot water of low quality steam to a temperature in the range about 110{sup 0}-180{sup 0}C while increasing the pH of the injected hot water or low quality steam to a pH of about 10-13 so as to bring about the movement or migration or stripping of the heavy crude oil or tar sand oil or bitumen from the formation substantially into the hot aqueous fluid communication path with the formation and recovering the resulting produced heavy crude oil or tar sand oil or bitumen from the formation as an emulsion containing less than about 30% oil or bitumen from the production well or conduit.

McKay, A.S.

1989-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

376

Searches for the baryon- and lepton-number violating decays $B^0\\rightarrow\\Lambda_c^ \\ell^-$, $B^-\\rightarrow\\Lambda\\ell^-$, and $B^-\\rightarrow\\bar{\\Lambda}\\ell^-$  

SciTech Connect

Searches for B mesons decaying to final states containing a baryon and a lepton are performed, where the baryon is either {Lambda}{sub c} or {Lambda} and the lepton is a muon or an electron. These decays violate both baryon and lepton number and would be a signature of physics beyond the standard model. No significant signal is observed in any of the decay modes, and upper limits in the range (3.2 - 520) x 10{sup -8} are set on the branching fractions at the 90% confidence level.

del Amo Sanchez, P.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Milanes, D.A.; /INFN, Bari; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; /UC, Berkeley; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Harvey Mudd Coll. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Paris U., VI-VII /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /Milan U. /Milan U. /Milan U. /Milan U. /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Southern Methodist U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas Nuclear Corp., Austin /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

377

BEAM TRANSPORT AND STORAGE WITH COLD NEUTRAL ATOMS AND MOLECULES  

SciTech Connect

A large class of cold neutral atoms and molecules is subject to magnetic field-gradient forces. In the presence of a field, hyperfine atomic states are split into several Zeeman levels. The slopes of these curves vs. field are the effective magnetic moments. By means of optical pumping in a field, Zeeman states of neutral lithium atoms and CaH molecules with effective magnetic moments of nearly {+-} one Bohr magneton can be selected. Particles in Zeeman states for which the energy increases with field are repelled by increasing fields; particles in states for which the energy decreases with field are attracted to increasing fields. For stable magnetic confinement, field-repelled states are required. Neutral-particle velocities in the present study are on the order of tens to hundreds of m/s and the magnetic fields needed for transport and injection are on the order of in the range of 0.01-1T. Many of the general concepts of charged-particle beam transport carry over into neutral particle spin-force optics, but with important differences. In general, the role of bending dipoles in charged particle optics is played by quadrupoles in neutral particle optics; the role of quadrupoles is played by sextupoles. The neutralparticle analog of charge-exchange injection into storage rings is the use of lasers to flip the state of particles from field-seeking to field-repelled. Preliminary tracking results for two neutral atom/molecule storage ring configurations are presented. It was found that orbit instabilities limit the confinment time in a racetrack-shaped ring with discrete magnetic elements with drift spaces between them; stable behavior was observed in a toroidal ring with a continuous sextupole field. An alternative concept using a linear sextupole or octupole channel with solenoids on the ends is presently being considered.

Walstrom, Peter L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

Two stage, low temperature, catalyzed fluidized bed incineration with in situ neutralization for radioactive mixed wastes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two stage, low temperature, catalyzed fluidized bed incineration process is proving successful at incinerating hazardous wastes containing nuclear material. The process operates at 550{degrees}C and 650{degrees}C in its two stages. Acid gas neutralization takes place in situ using sodium carbonate as a sorbent in the first stage bed. The feed material to the incinerator is hazardous waste-as defined by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act-mixed with radioactive materials. The radioactive materials are plutonium, uranium, and americium that are byproducts of nuclear weapons production. Despite its low temperature operation, this system successfully destroyed poly-chlorinated biphenyls at a 99.99992% destruction and removal efficiency. Radionuclides and volatile heavy metals leave the fluidized beds and enter the air pollution control system in minimal amounts. Recently collected modeling and experimental data show the process minimizes dioxin and furan production. The report also discusses air pollution, ash solidification, and other data collected from pilot- and demonstration-scale testing. The testing took place at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, a US Department of Energy facility, in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s.

Wade, J.F.; Williams, P.M.

1995-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

379

Negative ion-based neutral injection on DIII-D  

SciTech Connect

High energy negative ion-based neutral beam injection is a strong candidate for heating and non-inductive current drive in tokamaks. Many of the questions related to the physics and engineering of this technique remain unanswered. In this paper, we consider the possibility of negative ion-based neutral beam injection on DIII-D. We establish the desired parameter space by examining physics trades. This is combined with potential design constraints and a survey of component technology options to establish an injector concept. Injector performance is estimated assuming particular component technologies, and concept flexibility with respect to incorporating alternate technologies is described. 9 refs., 6 figs., 4 tabs.

Stewart, L.D.; Bhadra, D.K.; Colleraine, A.P.; Kim, J.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

A 3 MEGAJOULE HEAVY ION FUSION DRIVER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research, Office of Inertia! Fusion, Research Division ofA 3 MEGAJOULE HEAVY ION FUSION DRIVER* A. Faltens, E. Hoyer,Research, Office of Inertial Fusion, Research Division of

Faltens, A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

NUCLEAR STRUCTURE AND HEAVY-ION FUSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Structure and Heavy-Ton Fusion* A series of lecturesthe cross section for fusion in the experiments consideredEffects g in III. Subharrier Fusion Cross Sections for Light

Stokstad, R.G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Heavy hadrons in quark-gluon plasma  

SciTech Connect

We use the nonperturbative quark-antiquark potential derived within the Field Correlator Method and the screened Coulomb potential to calculate binding energies and melting temperatures of heavy mesons and baryons in the deconfined phase of quark-gluon plasma.

Narodetskii, I. M., E-mail: naro@itep.ru; Simonov, Yu. A.; Veselov, A. I. [Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

383

Hadron Production in Heavy Ion Collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review hadron production in heavy ion collisions with emphasis on pion and kaon production at energies below 2 AGeV and on partonic collectivity at RHIC energies.

Helmut Oeschler; Hans Georg Ritter; Nu Xu

2009-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

384

Magnetism and superconductivity of heavy fermion matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The interplay of magnetism and unconventional superconductivity (d singlet wave or p triplet wave) in strongly correlated electronic system (SCES) is discussed with recent examples found in heavy fermion compounds. A short presentation is given on the formation of the heavy quasiparticle with the two sources of a local and intersite enhancement for the effective mass. Two cases of the coexistence or repulsion of antiferromagnetism and superconductivity are given with CeIn3 and CeCoIn5. A spectacular example is the emergence of superconductivity in relatively strong itinerant ferromagnets UGe2 and URhGe. The impact of heavy fermion matter among other SCES as organic conductor or high TC oxide is briefly pointed out. Key words: heavy fermion, superconductivity, antiferromagnetism, ferromagnetism

J. Flouquet A; G. Knebel A; D. Braithwaite A; D. Aoki B; J. P. Brison C; F. Hardy A; A. Huxley A; S. Raymond A; B. Salce A; I. Sheikin D

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Treatment of Heavy Metal Wastes - III - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ltd., Flin Fion, Manitoba, Canada R8A 1N9. 3:15 pm BREAK. 3:30 pm. An Integrated Bioremediation Route for Heavy Metal Contaminated Land Based on the ...

386

Statistics of Heavy Rainfall Occurrences in Taiwan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The seasonal variations of heavy rainfall days over Taiwan are analyzed using 6-yr (1997–2002) hourly rainfall data from about 360 rainfall stations, including high-spatial-resolution Automatic Rainfall and Meteorological Telemetry System ...

Ching-Sen Chen; Yi-Leng Chen; Che-Ling Liu; Pay-Liam Lin; Wan-Chin Chen

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

An Early History of Heavy Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since 1945 Canada has had a nuclear power industry based on reactor design which uses natural uranium and heavy water. The tortuous and improbable sequence of events which led to this situation is examined. 1 1

Chris Waltham

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Light-Heavy Crude & Product Price Differences  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Similar light-heavy price difference trends are seen in both the crude oil and the product markets. However, there are some short-term product market changes that ...

389

The search for a heavy Higgs boson  

SciTech Connect

Theoretical limits on the mass of the Higgs boson from vacuum stability and perturbative unitarity are examined. Search techniques for heavy Higgs bosons, M/sub H/ > 200 GeV, are also reviewed. 8 refs., 5 figs.

Dawson, S.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Updated Satellite Technique to Forecast Heavy Snow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Certain satellite interpretation techniques have proven quite useful in the heavy snow forecast process. Those considered best are briefly reviewed, and another technique is introduced. This new technique was found to be most valuable in cyclonic ...

Edward C. Johnston

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Current status of nonthermal heavy oil recovery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heavy oils are an important resource worldwide, and yet two-thirds of the heavy oil deposits cannot be exploited by means of thermal recovery methods, because the effective energy production approaches energy input for reasons of formation thickness, depth, oil saturation and/or porosity. In such instances, especially if the heavy oil is not too viscous (below ca 1000 cp), it may be economical to employ nonthermal recovery methods. These include polymer flooding, alkaline flooding, CO/sub 2/ (gaseous) floods, solvent floods, and other more specialized recovery methods, such as emulsion flooding, and combination techniques. This work discusses nonthermal heavy oil recovery methods, based upon their application in the field. The processes and their mechanistic features are discussed in the light of laboratory observations, which tend to be more optimistic than field results. 48 references.

Alikhan, A.A.; Farouq Ali, S.M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Dispersion of Heavy Particles by Turbulent Motion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate prediction of heavy particle dispersion in turbulent flows requires a simultaneous consideration of particle's inertia and particle's drift velocity. A mathematically simple and physically comprehensive analysis was developed to solve ...

Lian-Ping Wang; Davd E. Stock

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Optimal Tracking of Distributed Heavy Hitters and Hong Kong, China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimal Tracking of Distributed Heavy Hitters and Quantiles Ke Yi HKUST Hong Kong, China yike heavy hitters and quantiles in the distributed streaming model. The heavy hitters and quantiles are two the universe U = {1, . . . , u}. For a given 0 1, the -heavy hitters are those elements of A whose frequency

Yi, Ke "Kevin"

394

Anomalous Radiative Decay of Heavy Higgs Boson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The radiative decay width of a heavy Higgs boson $H \\rightarrow W^+W^-\\gamma$ for a {\\it hard} photon is calculated in the Standard Model and its extension with anomalous $\\gamma WW$ couplings. Its dependence on the Higgs mass, the two unknown anomalous couplings, and the photon energy cutoff are studied in detail. We show that this radiative decay of a heavy Higgs is not very sensitive to a wide range of the anomalous couplings compared to the Standard Model result.

Tzu Chiang Yuan

1992-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

395

Definition of heavy oil and natural bitumen  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Definition and categorization of heavy oils and natural bitumens are generally based on physical or chemical attributes or on methods of extraction. Ultimately, the hydrocarbon's chemical composition will govern both its physical state and the extraction technique applicable. These oils and bitumens closely resemble the residuum from wholecrude distillation to about 1,000/degree/F; if the residuum constitutes at least 15% of the crude, it is considered to be heavy. In this material is concentrated most of the trace elements, such as sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen, and metals, such as nickel and vanadium. A widely used definition separates heavy oil from natural bitumen by viscosity, crude oil being less, and bitumen more viscous than 10,000 cp. Heavy crude then falls in the range 10/degree/-20/degree/ API inclusive and extra-heavy oil less than 10/degree/ API. Most natural bitumen is natural asphalt (tar sands, oil sands) and has been defined as rock containing hydrocarbons more viscous than 10,000 cp or else hydrocarbons that may be extracted from mined or quarried rock. Other natural bitumens are solids, such as gilsonite, grahamite, and ozokerite, which are distinguished by streak, fusibility, and solubility. The upper limit for heavy oil may also be set at 18/degree/ API, the approximate limit for recovery by waterflood.

Meyer, R.F.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Idle Reduction Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Heavy-Duty Idle Heavy-Duty Idle Reduction Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Idle Reduction Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Idle Reduction Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Idle Reduction Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Idle Reduction Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Idle Reduction Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Idle Reduction Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Heavy-Duty Idle Reduction Requirement Heavy-duty vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating greater than 8,500

397

Observations of Longitudinal Rolls in a Near Neutral Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aircraft and satellite data an used to study the structure of longitudinal roll vortices in a nearly neutral (zi/L=-1.2, where zi is the inversion height and L is the Monin-Obukhov length) boundary layer over the ice-covered Bering Sea during ...

Bernard A. Walter Jr.; James E. Overland

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Correlation femtoscopy of neutral kaons in the EXCHARM experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interference correlations of neutral-kaon pairs produced in the interactions of 20-to 70-GeV neutrons with a carbon target are studied by using the EXCHARM spectrometer. Constructive correlations at low relative 4-momenta are observed for K{sub S}{sup 0}K{sub S}{sup 0} pairs. The kaon-generation radius is determined.

Aleev, A. N.; Balandin, V. P.; Balev, S. Z. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Bulekov, O. V. [Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (State University) (Russian Federation); Geshkov, I. M. [Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy (Bulgaria); Emelianov, D. D. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Eremin, S. V. [Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (State University) (Russian Federation); Zinchenko, A. I.; Ivanchenko, Z. M.; Ivanchenko, I. M.; Kapishin, M. N. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Kvatadze, R. A. [Tbilisi State University, High Energy Physics Institute (Georgia); Kekelidze, V. D. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Kopadze, M. V. [Tbilisi State University, High Energy Physics Institute (Georgia); Korenkov, V. V.; Kuzmin, N. A. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Loktionov, A. A. [Kazakh Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics and Technology (Kazakhstan); Lomidze, N. L. [Tbilisi State University, High Energy Physics Institute (Georgia); Ljubimov, A. L.; Madigozhin, D. T. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)] (and others)

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

399

Length Scales of the Neutral Wind Profile over Homogeneous Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The wind speed profile for the neutral boundary layer is derived for a number of mixing-length parameterizations, which account for the height of the boundary layer. The wind speed profiles show good agreement with the reanalysis of the Leipzig ...

Alfredo Peña; Sven-Erik Gryning; Jakob Mann; Charlotte B. Hasager

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Internal Gravity Waves in a Saturated Moist Neutral Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work is motivated by an unusual feature associated with the start-up of a moist nearly neutral atmospheric flow over a mountain ridge that was previously observed in a full-physics numerical model. In that study, the upstream propagation of a ...

David J. Muraki; Richard Rotunno

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Neutralization theory and online software piracy: An empirical analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accompanying the explosive growth of information technology is the increasing frequency of antisocial and criminal behavior on the Internet. Online software piracy is one such behavior, and this study approaches the phenomenon through the theoretical ... Keywords: Internet, computer crime, cybercrime, intellectual property theft, neutralization theory, software piracy

Sameer Hinduja

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Vertical Heat-Flux Measurements from a Neutrally Buoyant Float  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A neutrally buoyant float instrumented to measure 1–5 m shear and stratification was deployed for ten days in a near-inertial critical layer at the base of a warm-core ring. Vertical velocity and temperature data, from which large-scale (>5 m) ...

Haili Sun; Eric Kunze; A. J. Williams III

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Monte Carlo simulation of neutral beam injection into fusion reactors  

SciTech Connect

Motivations and techniques for the Monte Carlo computer simulation of energetic neutral beam injection for fusion reactors are described. The versatility of this approach allows a significantly more sophisticated treatment of charge transfer collision phenomena and consequent effects on engineering design than available from prior work. Exemplary results for a mirror Fusion Engineering Research Facility (FERF) are discussed. (auth)

Miller, R.L.

1975-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

404

Advances in low energy neutral atom imaging techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently proposed low energy neutral atom (LENA) imaging techniques use a collisional process to convert the low energy neutrals into ions before detection. At low energies, collisional processes limit the angular resolution and conversion efficiencies of these devices. However, if the intense ultraviolet light background can be suppressed, direct LENA detection is possible. We present results from a series of experiments designed to develop a novel filtering structure based on free-standing transmission gratings. If the grating period is sufficiently small, free standing transmission gratings can be employed to substantially polarize ultraviolet (UV) light in the wavelength range 300 [Angstrom] to 1500 [Angstrom]. If a second grating is placed behind the first grating with its axis of polarization oriented at a right angle to the first's, a substantial attenuation of UV radiation is achievable. ne neutrals will pass through the remaining open area of two gratings and be detected without UV background complications. We have obtained nominal 2000 [Angstrom] period (1000 [Angstrom] bars with 1000 [Angstrom] slits) free standing, gold transmission gratings and measured their UV and atomic transmission characteristics. The geometric factor of a LENA imager based on this technology is comparable to that of other proposed LENA imagers. In addition, this of imager does not distort the neutral trajectories, allowing for high angular resolution.

Scime, E.E.; Funsten, H.O.; McComas, D.J.; Moore, K.R. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)); Gruntman, M. (University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Space Sciences Center)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Advances in low energy neutral atom imaging techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently proposed low energy neutral atom (LENA) imaging techniques use a collisional process to convert the low energy neutrals into ions before detection. At low energies, collisional processes limit the angular resolution and conversion efficiencies of these devices. However, if the intense ultraviolet light background can be suppressed, direct LENA detection is possible. We present results from a series of experiments designed to develop a novel filtering structure based on free-standing transmission gratings. If the grating period is sufficiently small, free standing transmission gratings can be employed to substantially polarize ultraviolet (UV) light in the wavelength range 300 {Angstrom} to 1500 {Angstrom}. If a second grating is placed behind the first grating with its axis of polarization oriented at a right angle to the first`s, a substantial attenuation of UV radiation is achievable. ne neutrals will pass through the remaining open area of two gratings and be detected without UV background complications. We have obtained nominal 2000 {Angstrom} period (1000 {Angstrom} bars with 1000 {Angstrom} slits) free standing, gold transmission gratings and measured their UV and atomic transmission characteristics. The geometric factor of a LENA imager based on this technology is comparable to that of other proposed LENA imagers. In addition, this of imager does not distort the neutral trajectories, allowing for high angular resolution.

Scime, E.E.; Funsten, H.O.; McComas, D.J.; Moore, K.R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Gruntman, M. [University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Space Sciences Center

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Internal Gravity Waves in a Saturated Moist-Neutral Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work is motivated by an unusual feature associated with the startup of a moist nearly neutral atmospheric flow over a mountain ridge that was previously observed in a full-physics numerical model. In that study, the upstream propagation of a ...

David J. Muraki; Richard Rotunno

407

Matching heavy-light currents with NRQCD and HISQ quarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the one loop renormalisation parameters for the heavy-light axial-vector and vector currents using lattice perturbation theory. We use NonRelativistic QCD (NRQCD) heavy quarks and the Highly Improved Staggered Quark (HISQ) action for the light quarks. We present results for heavy-light currents with massless HISQ quarks and briefly discuss the extension to heavy-heavy currents with massive HISQ quarks.

Christopher Monahan; Christine Davies; Ron Horgan; G. Peter Lepage; Heechang Na; Junko Shigemitsu

2012-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

408

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Austin Lays Plans for Carbon-Neutral City  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Austin Lays Plans for Austin Lays Plans for Carbon-Neutral City Fleet to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Austin Lays Plans for Carbon-Neutral City Fleet on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Austin Lays Plans for Carbon-Neutral City Fleet on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Austin Lays Plans for Carbon-Neutral City Fleet on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Austin Lays Plans for Carbon-Neutral City Fleet on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Austin Lays Plans for Carbon-Neutral City Fleet on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Austin Lays Plans for Carbon-Neutral City Fleet on AddThis.com... Jan. 15, 2011 Austin Lays Plans for Carbon-Neutral City Fleet L earn how Austin, Texas, is planning to build a carbon-neutral city fleet

409

Neutral Beam Injection for Plasma and Magnetic FieldDiagnostics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

At the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) adiagnostic neutral beam injection system for measuring plasma parameters,flow velocity, and local magnetic field is being developed. High protonfraction and small divergence is essential for diagnostic neutral beams.In our design, a neutral hydrogen beam with an 8 cm x 11 cm (or smaller)elliptical beam spot at 2.5 m from the end of the extraction column isproduced. The beam will deliver up to 5 A of hydrogen beam to the targetwith a pulse width of ~;1 s, once every 1 - 2 min. The H1+ ion species ofthe hydrogen beamwill be over 90 percent. For this application, we havecompared two types of RF driven multicusp ion sources operating at 13.56MHz. The first one is an ion source with an external spiral antennabehind a dielectric RF-window. The second one uses an internal antenna insimilar ion source geometry. The source needs to generate uniform plasmaover a large (8 cm x 5 cm) extraction area. We expect that the ion sourcewith internal antenna will be more efficient at producing the desiredplasma density but might have the issue of limited antenna lifetime,depending on the duty factor. For both approaches there is a need forextra shielding to protect the dielectric materials from the backstreaming electrons. The source walls will be made of insulator materialsuch as quartz that has been observed to generate plasma with higheratomic fraction than sources with metal walls. The ion beam will beextracted and accelerated by a set of grids with slits, thus forming anarray of 6 sheet-shaped beamlets. The multiple grid extraction will beoptimized using computer simulation programs. Neutralization of the beamwill be done in neutralization chamber, which has over 70 percentneutralization efficiency.

Vainionpaa, Jaakko Hannes; Leung, Ka Ngo; Kwan, Joe W.; Levinton,Fred

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Water issues associated with heavy oil production.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Crude oil occurs in many different forms throughout the world. An important characteristic of crude oil that affects the ease with which it can be produced is its density and viscosity. Lighter crude oil typically can be produced more easily and at lower cost than heavier crude oil. Historically, much of the nation's oil supply came from domestic or international light or medium crude oil sources. California's extensive heavy oil production for more than a century is a notable exception. Oil and gas companies are actively looking toward heavier crude oil sources to help meet demands and to take advantage of large heavy oil reserves located in North and South America. Heavy oil includes very viscous oil resources like those found in some fields in California and Venezuela, oil shale, and tar sands (called oil sands in Canada). These are described in more detail in the next chapter. Water is integrally associated with conventional oil production. Produced water is the largest byproduct associated with oil production. The cost of managing large volumes of produced water is an important component of the overall cost of producing oil. Most mature oil fields rely on injected water to maintain formation pressure during production. The processes involved with heavy oil production often require external water supplies for steam generation, washing, and other steps. While some heavy oil processes generate produced water, others generate different types of industrial wastewater. Management and disposition of the wastewater presents challenges and costs for the operators. This report describes water requirements relating to heavy oil production and potential sources for that water. The report also describes how water is used and the resulting water quality impacts associated with heavy oil production.

Veil, J. A.; Quinn, J. J.; Environmental Science Division

2008-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

411

Ratios of heavy baryons to heavy mesons in relativistic nucleus-nucleus collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heavy baryon/meson ratios Lambda(c)/D(0) and Lambda(b)/(B) over bar (0) in relativistic heavy ion collisions are studied in the quark coalescence model. For heavy baryons, we include production from coalescence of heavy quarks with free light quarks as well as with bounded light diquarks that might exist in the strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma produced in these collisions. Including the contribution from decays of heavy hadron resonances and also that due to fragmentation of heavy quarks that are left in the system after coalescence, the resulting Lambda(c)/D(0) and Lambda(b)/(B) over bar (0) ratios in midrapidity (vertical bar y vertical bar heavy baryon/meson ratios is found to be sensitive to the heavy quark mass, with the Lambda(b)/(B) over bar (0) ratio being much flatter than the Lambda(c)/D(0) ratio. The latter peaks at the transverse momentum p(T) similar or equal to 0.8 GeV but the peak shifts to p(T) similar or equal to 2 GeV in the absence of diquarks.

Oh, Yongseok; Ko, Che Ming; Lee, Su Houng; Yasui, Shigehiro.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

A Very Intense Neutrino Super Beam Experiment for Leptonic CP Violation Discovery based on the European Spallation Source Linac: A Snowmass 2013 White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Very intense neutrino beams and large neutrino detectors will be needed in order to enable the discovery of CP violation in the leptonic sector. We propose to use the proton linac of the European Spallation Source currently under construction in Lund, Sweden to deliver, in parallel with the spallation neutron production, a very intense, cost effective and high performance neutrino beam. The baseline program for the European Spallation Source linac is that it will be fully operational at 5 MW average power by 2022, producing 2 GeV 2.86 ms long proton pulses at a rate of 14 Hz. Our proposal is to upgrade the linac to 10 MW average power and 28 Hz, producing 14 pulses/s for neutron production and 14 pulses/s for neutrino production. Furthermore, because of the high current required in the pulsed neutrino horn, the length of the pulses used for neutrino production needs to be compressed to a few $\\mu$s with the aid of an accumulator ring. A long baseline experiment using this Super Beam and a megaton underground Water Cherenkov detector located in existing mines 300-600 km from Lund will make it possible to discover leptonic CP violation at 5 $\\sigma$ significance level in up to 50% of the leptonic Dirac CP-violating phase range. This experiment could also determine the neutrino mass hierarchy at a significance level of more than 3 $\\sigma$ if this issue will not already have been settled by other experiments by then. The mass hierarchy performance could be increased by combining the neutrino beam results with those obtained from atmospheric neutrinos detected by the same large volume detector. This detector will also be used to measure the proton lifetime, detect cosmological neutrinos and neutrinos from supernova explosions. Results on the sensitivity to leptonic CP violation and the neutrino mass hierarchy are presented.

E. Baussan; M. Blennow; M. Bogomilov; E. Bouquerel; J. Cederkall; P. Christiansen; P. Coloma; P. Cupial; H. Danared; C. Densham; M. Dracos; T. Ekelof; M. Eshraqi; E. Fernandez Martinez; G. Gaudiot; R. Hall-Wilton; J. -P. Koutchouk; M. Lindroos; R. Matev; D. McGinnis; M. Mezzetto; R. Miyamoto; L. Mosca; T. Ohlsson; H. Ohman; F. Osswald; S. Peggs; P. Poussot; R. Ruber; J. Y. Tang; R. Tsenov; G. Vankova-Kirilova; N. Vassilopoulos; E. Wildner; J. Wurtz

2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

413

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Heavy-Duty Vehicle Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions Reduction Grants

414

Magnetic Process For Removing Heavy Metals From Water Employing Magnetites  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Process For Removing Heavy Metals From Water Employing Magnetic Process For Removing Heavy Metals From Water Employing Magnetites Magnetic Process For Removing Heavy Metals From Water Employing Magnetites A process for removing heavy metals from water is provided. The process includes the steps of introducing magnetite to a quantity of water containing heavy metal. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Magnetic Process For Removing Heavy Metals From Water Employing Magnetites A process for removing heavy metals from water is provided. The process includes the steps of introducing magnetite to a quantity of water containing heavy metal. The magnetite is mixed with the water such that at least a portion of, and preferably the majority of, the heavy metal in the water is bound to the magnetite. Once this occurs the magnetite and

415

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Medium- and Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles on Google Bookmark Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles on Delicious Rank Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles on AddThis.com... Home Overview Light-Duty Vehicles Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles Transit Vehicles Trucks Idle Reduction Oil Bypass Filter Airport Ground Support Equipment Medium and Heavy Duty Hybrid Electric Vehicles

416

Determination of J/{psi} leptonic branching fraction via {psi}(2S){r_arrow}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}}J/{psi}  

SciTech Connect

A comparison of the rates for {psi}(2S){r_arrow}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}}J/{psi}, J/{psi}{r_arrow}l{sup +}l{sup {minus}} and J/{psi}{r_arrow} anything is used to determine the J/{psi} leptonic branching fractions. The results are B(J/{psi}{r_arrow}e{sup +}e{sup {minus}})=(5.90{plus_minus}0.05{plus_minus}0.10){percent} and B(J/{psi}{r_arrow}{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup {minus}})=(5.84{plus_minus}0.06{plus_minus}0.10){percent}, where the first error is statistical and the second is systematic. Assuming lepton universality, the leptonic branching fraction of the J/{psi} is B(J/{psi}{r_arrow}l{sup +}l{sup {minus}})=(5.87{plus_minus}0.04{plus_minus}0.09){percent} per species. This result is used to estimate the QCD scale factor {Lambda}{sub {ovr MS}}{sup (4)} and the strong coupling constant {alpha}{sub s}. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

Bai, J.Z.; Bian, J.G.; Chai, Z.W.; Chen, G.P.; Chen, J.C.; Chen, Y.; Chen, Y.B.; Chen, Y.Q.; Cheng, B.S.; Cui, X.Z.; Ding, H.L.; Ding, L.Y.; Dong, L.Y.; Du, Z.Z.; Feng, S.; Gao, C.S.; Gao, M.L.; Gao, S.Q.; Gu, J.H.; Gu, S.D.; Gu, W.X.; Gu, Y.F.; Guo, Y.N.; Han, S.W.; Han, Y.; He, J.; He, J.T.; Hu, G.Y.; Hu, H.M.; Hu, J.L.; Hu, Q.H.; Hu, T.; Hu, X.Q.; Huang, J.D.; Huang, Y.Z.; Jiang, C.H.; Jin, Y.; Ke, Z.J.; Lai, Y.F.; Lang, P.F.; Li, C.G.; Li, D.; Li, H.B.; Li, J.; Li, P.Q.; Li, R.B.; Li, W.; Li, W.D.; Li, W.G.; Li, X.H.; Li, X.N.; Liu, H.M.; Liu, J.; Liu, J.H.; Liu, R.G.; Liu, Y.; Lu, F.; Lu, J.G.; Lu, J.Y.; Lu, L.C.; Luo, C.H.; Ma, A.M.; Ma, E.C.; Ma, J.M.; Mao, H.S.; Mao, Z.P.; Meng, X.C.; Nie, J.; Qi, N.D.; Qi, X.R.; Qiu, J.F.; Qu, Y.H.; Que, Y.K.; Rong, G.; Shao, Y.Y.; Shen, B.W.; Shen, D.L.; Shen, H.; Shen, X.Y.; Sheng, H.Y.; Shi, H.Z.; Song, X.F.; Sun, F.; Sun, H.S.; Tang, S.Q.; Tong, G.L.; Wang, F.; Wang, L.S.; Wang, L.Z.; Wang, M.; Wang, M.; Wang, P.; Wang, P.L.; Wang, S.M.; Wang, T.J.; Wang, Y.Y.; Wei, C.L.; Wu, Y.G.; Xi, D.M.; Xia, X.M.; Xie, P.P.; Xie, Y.; Xie, Y.H.; Xiong, W.J.; Xu, C.C.; Xu, G.F.; Xue, S.T.; Yan, J.; Yan, W.G.; Yang, C.M.; Yang, C.Y.; Yang, J.; Yang, X.F.; Ye, M.H.; Yi, K.; Yu, C.S.; Yu, C.X.; Yu, Z.Q.; Yu, Z.T.; Yuan, C.Z.; Yuan, Y.; Zhang, B.Y.; Zhang, C.C.; Zhang, D.H.; Zhang, D.; Zhang, H.L.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, J.L.; Zhang, J.W.; Zhang, L.S.; Zhang, Q.J.; Zhang, S.Q.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Y.Y.; Zhao, D.X.; Zhao, H.W.; Zhao, J.W.; Zhao, M.; Zhao, W.R.; Zhao, Z.G.; Zheng, J.P.; Zheng, L.S.; Zheng, Z.P.; Zhou, G.P.; Zhou, H.S.; Zhou, L.; Zhu, Q.M.; Zhu, Y.C.; Zhu, Y.S.; Zhuang, B.A. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing 100039, Peoples Republic of (China)] [Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing 100039, Peoples Republic of (China); Hitlin, D.G.; Kelsey, M.H.; Oyang, J.; Panetta, J.; Porter, F.; Weaver, M. [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)] [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Chen, J.; Malchow, R.; Toki, W.; Yang, W. [Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 (United States)] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 (United States)

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Observation of Tau Decays with Two Neutral Kaons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the observation of the decay \\Gamma ! K 0 K 0 \\Gamma in 3.11 fb \\Gamma1 of data taken with the CLEO II detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring. Both K 0 mesons are detected through their decays via K S ! + \\Gamma . Preliminary results on the branching fraction and on the resonant substructure are presented. In particular, we find B( \\Gamma ! K 0 K 0 \\Gamma ) = 0:083 \\Sigma 0:017 \\Sigma 0:017 %. We also comment on the sensitivity of the KK invariant mass spectrum to a non-zero tau-neutrino mass. Permanent address: University of Hawaii at Manoa y Permanent address: INP, Novosibirsk, Russia 2 I. INTRODUCTION Tau lepton decays of the type \\Gamma ! [KK] \\Gamma have been known to exist [1] for nearly a decade. However, due to the small decay width and difficulties associated with identifying kaons, little information is presently available for these decays. In this paper, we report on the observation of KK decays where both...

Balest Cho Ford; Ichep Ref; Gsl Cleo Conf; K. Cho; K. Lingel; M. Lohner; P. Rankin

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Heavy Quarks, QCD, and Effective Field Theory  

SciTech Connect

The research supported by this OJI award is in the area of heavy quark and quarkonium production, especially the application Soft-Collinear E#11;ective Theory (SCET) to the hadronic production of quarkonia. SCET is an e#11;ffective theory which allows one to derive factorization theorems and perform all order resummations for QCD processes. Factorization theorems allow one to separate the various scales entering a QCD process, and in particular, separate perturbative scales from nonperturbative scales. The perturbative physics can then be calculated using QCD perturbation theory. Universal functions with precise fi#12;eld theoretic de#12;nitions describe the nonperturbative physics. In addition, higher order perturbative QCD corrections that are enhanced by large logarithms can be resummed using the renormalization group equations of SCET. The applies SCET to the physics of heavy quarks, heavy quarkonium, and similar particles.

Thomas Mehen

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

419

Pipelineable syncrude (synthetic crude) from heavy oil  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a process for converting a metals-contaminated heavy crude oil characterized by an API gravity less than about 20{degrees} and a substantial Conradson Carbon Residue to a pipelineable and substantially upgraded syncrude with concomitant recovery of blown asphalt. It comprises: air-blowing at least the 650{degrees} F.{sup +} fraction of the heavy crude oil at a temperature of 390{degrees} to 600{degrees} F. under conditions effective to increase its combined oxygen content by at least 0.5 weight percent; deasphalting the air-blown crude oil with solvent whereby separately recovering a blown asphalt and an intermediate syncrude having a substantially lower concentration of metals and less Conradson Carbon residue than the heavy crude oil; and, visbreaking the intermediate syncrude at 800{degrees} to 950{degrees} F. and at a severity effective to impart to it pipelineable viscosity characteristics.

Rankel, L.A.

1989-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

420

Heavy Truck Clean Diesel Cooperative Research Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report is the final report for the Department of Energy on the Heavy Truck Engine Program (Contract No. DE-FC05-00OR22806) also known as Heavy Truck Clean Diesel (HTCD) Program. Originally, this was scoped to be a $38M project over 5 years, to be 50/50 co-funded by DOE and Caterpillar. The program started in June 2000. During the program the timeline was extended to a sixth year. The program completed in December 2006. The program goal was to develop and demonstrate the technologies required to enable compliance with the 2007 and 2010 (0.2g/bhph NOx, 0.01g/bhph PM) on-highway emission standards for Heavy Duty Trucks in the US with improvements in fuel efficiency compared to today's engines. Thermal efficiency improvement from a baseline of 43% to 50% was targeted.

Milam, David

2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Reevaluation of the Bulk Exchange Coefficient for Humidity at Sea during Unstable and Neutral Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Processes influencing the air–sea exchange of humidity during unstable and neutral stratification were studied using tower measurements from the island of Östergarnsholm in the Baltic Sea. For small air–sea temperature differences, the neutral ...

Erik Sahlée; Ann-Sofi Smedman; Ulf Högström; Anna Rutgersson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

NREL: Climate Neutral Research Campuses - Labs21 Approach to Climate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Labs21 Approach to Climate Neutral Campuses Labs21 Approach to Climate Neutral Campuses Photo of the NREL Science and Technology Facility shows a concrete and metal structure sitting below a clear blue sky. The NREL Science and Technology Facility serves as one Labs21 pilot project demonstrating approaches to reducing energy and greenhouse gas emissions on research campuses. Labs for the 21st Century (Labs21) is a joint venture of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Member laboratories span the Federal Government, academic institutions, and the private sector. Labs21 helps laboratory members reduce energy use. This includes a whole-building approach to energy efficiency in laboratory buildings. This Web site takes that approach a step further in carrying out campus-wide

423

Thermal Comfort of Neutral Ventilated Buildings in Different Cities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although the ASHRAE 55-1992 and ISO 7730 Standards are used all over the world, many researchers have pointed out that it is impossible to maintain a uniform thermal comfort standard worldwide because of differing climate conditions. Two field thermal comfort investigations were carried out in Shanghai and Changsha. In the hot season the neutral temperature in Changsha and Shanghai is 27.5? ET* and 26.5? ET*, respectively. Compared with other cities' studies, in Beijing and Tianjin, this paper discusses thermal comfort conditions in China. The results show that thermal neutral temperature in these Chinese cities is higher than that in the ASHRAE standard. Therefore, thermal comfort temperature in China cannot directly correlate with the ASHRAE standard. This difference should be considered when designing air conditioning designing to save energy.

Ye, X.; Zhou, Z.; Lian, Z.; Wen, Y.; Zhou, Z.; Jiang, C.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Spheromak Energy Transport Studies via Neutral Beam Injection  

SciTech Connect

Results from the SSPX spheromak experiment provide strong motivation to add neutral beam injection (NBI) heating. Such auxiliary heating would significantly advance the capability to study the physics of energy transport and pressure limits for the spheromak. This LDRD project develops the physics basis for using NBI to heat spheromak plasmas in SSPX. The work encompasses three activities: (1) numerical simulation to make quantitative predictions of the effect of adding beams to SSPX, (2) using the SSPX spheromak and theory/modeling to develop potential target plasmas suitable for future application of neutral beam heating, and (3) developing diagnostics to provide the measurements needed for transport calculations. These activities are reported in several publications.

McLean, H S; Hill, D N; Wood, R D; Jayakumar, J; Pearlstein, L D

2008-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

425

8MVA modulator/regulator for neutral beams  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes very generally the modulator/regulator (Mod/Reg) being built for Transrex by Systems, Science and Software for use on the neutral beam power supplies that Transrex is building for General Atomic Company to power the neutral beam heating systems that will be used on the Doublet III fusion device. The Mod/Reg is required to provide an 80 kV, 100 A pulse for a second every 90 sec. The voltage is to be regulated to 3%, and in case of fault the pulse must be interrupted within 10 ..mu..sec. An additional requirement was that the total system have very low capacity such that the total energy stored would be less than 15 joules. This is a restriction imposed by the source designer to prevent destroying the source in case of an arc within the source.

Remsen, D.B. Jr.; Overett, T.H.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Low energy neutral atom imaging: Remote observations of the magnetosphere  

SciTech Connect

Recent developments in detection of neutral atom imaging should enable imaging the global structure and dynamics of the terrestrial magnetosphere. The inherent technical challenge of imaging low energy neutral atoms (LENAs) with energy < 30 keV is their separation from the tremendous UV background, to which LENA detectors are sensitive, without loss of information of LENA trajectory and energy. Three instrument concepts for separating LENAs from the background UV are presented: LENA charge conversion via transmission through an ultrathin carbon foil and subsequent electrostatic deflection, EUV grating polarizers and attenuators, and high frequency shutters. Each of these concepts can be mated to a detector section that provides both LENA imaging capability and coincidence/time-of-flight.

Funsten, H.O.; McComas, D.J.; Scime, E.E.; Moore, K.R.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Plasma-Neutrals Simulation of Linear Configurations for PSI  

SciTech Connect

Coupled fluid plasma and kinetic Monte Carlo neutrals simulations in a linear configuration are reported. The configuration mimics the tokamak divertor plasma channel contacting a target surface with nearby wall. We calculate the parameters of the source plasmas, 3-5m from the target, required to produce high recycling target plasmas recently simulated for ITER. It is shown that the source plasma needs to deliver heat fluxes of 10-20MW/m2, ion fluxes of 1023/m2/s, densities of 2-6x1019/m3, and electron and ion temperatures of 15-30eV over a plasma radius of 5-6cm. The neutral H and H2 fluxes to the vessel wall are calculated to be comparable to those measured in the divertor regions of today s tokamaks. These results identify some design features for a prospective plasma material test station and the research required for this plasma source.

Peng, Yueng Kay Martin [ORNL; Owen, Larry W [ORNL; Rapp, Juergen [ORNL; Bonnin, X. [CNRS-LIMHP, Universite, Paris; Canik, John [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Search for Neutral MSSM Higgs Bosons at LEP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The four LEP collaborations, ALEPH, DELPHI, L3 and OPAL, have searched for the neutral Higgs bosons which are predicted by the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). The data of the four collaborations are statistically combined and examined for their consistency with the background hypothesis and with a possible Higgs boson signal. The combined LEP data show no significant excess of events which would indicate the production of Higgs bosons. The search results are used to set upper bounds on the cross-sections of various Higgs-like event topologies. The results are interpreted within the MSSM in a number of "benchmark" models, including CP-conserving and CP-violating scenarios. These interpretations lead in all cases to large exclusions in the MSSM parameter space. Absolute limits are set on the parameter tanb and, in some scenarios, on the masses of neutral Higgs bosons.

ALEPH; DELPHI; L3; OPAL Collaborations. The LEP Working Group "for Higgs Boson Searches"

2006-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

429

Does DaYa-Bay Reactor Play an Important Role in Theta_{13} of Lepton Mixing (PMNS) Matrix ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reactor neutrinos play an important role in determining parameter theta_{13} in the lepton mixing (PMNS) matrix. Next important step on measuring PMNS matrix could be to build another reactor neutrino experiment in DaYa bay, China, to search the possible oscillations via sin^2 (2theta_{13}) and Delta m^2_{13}. We consider 4 different schemes for positions of three 8-ton detectors of this experiment, and simulate the results with respect to an array of assumed ''true'' values of physics parameters. Using three kinds of analysis method, we suggest a best scheme for DaYa-Bay which is to place a detector 2200m ~ 2500m symmetrically away from two reactors, and to put the other two detectors closer to their corresponding reactors respectively, almost at a 100m \\~ 200m distance. Moreover, with conservative assumption on the experimental technique, we construct series of allowed regions from our simulation results, and give detailed explanations therein. The movable detectors in DaYa-Bay can measure solar neutrino pa...

Liu, Q Y; Chen, B L; Yang, P

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Inclusive search for doubly charged Higgs in leptonic final states with the 2011 data at 7 TeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A search for the doubly charged Higgs boson in $pp$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=7$\\TeV is presented. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of \\lumitot collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The doubly charged Higgs is a member of $SU(2)_L$ scalar triplet $\\Phi$ in extensions of the Standard Model which include the seesaw mechanism of type II. The search is inclusive and is performed in events with three or more isolated charged leptons of all flavors originating from the decays of pair produced triplet components $\\Phi^{++}\\Phi^{--}$ and $\\Phi^{++}\\Phi^{-}.$ No signal is observed and new lower limits at the 95\\% confidence level are set on the $\\Phi^{\\pm\\pm}$ mass, under specific assumption on the $\\dblh$ branching fraction. Upper bounds of \\mmres\\GeV in the $\\mu\\mu$ channel, of \\emres\\GeV in e$\\mu$ channel, of \\eeres\\GeV in the $ee$ channel, of \\mtres\\GeV in the $\\mu\\tau$ channel, of \\etres\\GeV in the e$\\tau$ channel, of \\ttres\\GeV in the $\\tau\\tau$ channel and between \\bponeres\\GeV and \\bptwores\\...

CMS Collaboration

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

First evidence for WW and WZ diboson production with semi-leptonic decays at a Hadron Collider  

SciTech Connect

Presented is a measurement of the simultaneous production of a W{sup {+-}} boson in association with a second weak boson (W{sup {+-}} or Z{sup 0}) in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. Events are consider with one electron or one muon, missing transverse energy, and at least two hadronic jets. The data were collected by the D0 detector in Run IIa of the Tevatron accelerator and correspond to 1.07 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity for each of the two channels (WW/WZ {yields} e{nu}q{bar q} and WW/WZ {yields} {mu}{nu}q{bar q}). The cross section for WW + WZ production is measured to be 20.2 {+-} 2.5(stat) {+-} 3.6(sys) {+-} 1.2(lum) pb with a Gaussian significance of 4.4 standard deviations above the background-only scenario. This measurement is consistent with the Standard Model prediction and represents the first direct evidence for WW and WZ production with semi-leptonic decays at a hadron collider.

Haley, Joseph Glenn Biddle; /Princeton U.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Vector Higgs bosons and possible suppression of flavorchanging neutral current  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We replace the scalar Higgs doublet with a vector Higgs boson doublet to the unified electroweak W-S model and find most of important features of W-S model are kept unchanged only the Higgs boson now become vector bosons. Lorentz invariance has been carefully discussed. The most important challenge is there will be three massless vector Higgs bosons. The remarkable effect is the possible suppression of the flavorchanging neutral current compare to the multi-Higgs model.

Xiao Yu Qian

2006-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

433

Neutral Current Elastic Interactions in MiniBooNE  

SciTech Connect

Neutral Current Elastic (NCE) interactions in MiniBooNE are discussed. In the neutrino mode MiniBooNE reported: the flux averaged NCE differential cross section as a function of four-momentum transferred squared, an axial mass (M{sub A}) measurement, and a measurement of the strange quark spin content of the nucleon, {Delta}s. In the antineutrino mode we present the background-subtracted data which is compared with the Monte Carlo predictions.

Dharmapalan, Ranjan; /Alabama U.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Commissioning Results of the Upgraded Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment  

SciTech Connect

Recent changes to the NDCX beamline offer the promise of higher charge compressed bunches (>15nC), with correspondingly large intensities (>500kW/cm2), delivered to the target plane for ion-beam driven warm dense matter experiments. We report on commissioning results of the upgraded NDCX beamline that includes a new induction bunching module with approximately twice the volt-seconds and greater tuning flexibility, combined with a longer neutralized drift compression channel.

Lidia, S.M.; Roy, P.K.; Seidl, P.A.; Waldron, W.L.; Gilson, E.P.

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

435

High brilliance negative ion and neutral beam source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high brilliance mass selected (Z-selected) negative ion and neutral beam source having good energy resolution. The source is based upon laser resonance ionization of atoms or molecules in a small gaseous medium followed by charge exchange through an alkali oven. The source is capable of producing microampere beams of an extremely wide variety of negative ions, and milliampere beams when operated in the pulsed mode.

Compton, R.N.

1990-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

436

High Power Modulator/regulators for neutral beam sources  

SciTech Connect

PPPL has recently completed two new Modulator/Regulators for neutral injection sources used on the ATC machine and is constructing four new ones for use with sources on the PLT machine. The ATC modulator uses the well proven 4CX35,000C tetrode as the main switch tube, while the PLT modulators will be using the new but significantly higher powered X-2170 tetrodes. Some interesting circuit and manufacturing techniques are discussed. (MOW)

Lawson, J.Q.; Deitz, A.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Heavy Nuclei from RHIC to the Cosmos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions produce a high-temperature, thermalized system that may mimic the conditions present shortly after the big bang. This writeup will given an overview of early results from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), and discuss what we have learned about hot, strongly interacting nuclear systems. The thermal and chemical composition of the system will be discussed, along with observables that are sensitive to the early evolution of the system. I will also discuss the implications of the RHIC results for cosmic ray air showers.

Spencer R. Klein

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Recent developments in heavy flavour production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review one-particle inclusive production of heavy-flavoured hadrons in a framework which resums the large collinear logarithms through the evolution of the FFs and PDFs and retains the full dependence on the heavy-quark mass without additional theoretical assumptions. We focus on presenting results for the inclusive cross section for the production of charmed mesons in p anti-p collisions and the comparison with CDF data from the Tevatron as well as on inclusive B-meson production and comparison with recent CDF data. The third topic is the production of D^* mesons in photoproduction and comparison with recent H1 data from HERA.

G. Kramer

2007-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

439

1 Heavy-light physics with NRQCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

First results are obtained for B mesons using a heavy propagator calculated using NRQCD, and a light Wilson propagator. Results from 13 quenched configurations of size 16 3 × 48 at ? = 6.0 give a value for fB of less than 200 MeV and a B ? ?B splitting of 32(8) MeV. Superior signal/noise behaviour is observed over static propagators on the same configurations. No extrapolation to the b mass for the heavy quark is required. 1.

unknown authors

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Fast ion behavior during neutral beam injection in ATF  

SciTech Connect

In stellarators, single-particle confinement properties can be more complex than in their tokamak counterparts. Fast-ion behavior in tokamaks has been well characterized through an abundance of measurements on various devices and in general has been shown to be consistent with classical slowing-down theory, although anomalous ion behavior has been observed during intense beam injection in ISX-B, during fishbone instabilities in PDX, and in experiments on TFR. In contrast, fast ion behavior in stellarators is not as wel established experimentally with the primary experiments to date focusing o near-perpendicular or perpendicular neutral beam injection (NBI) on the Wendelstein 7-A stellarator (91 and Heliotron-E. This paper addresses fast-ion confinement properties in a large-aspect-ratio, moderate-shear stellarator, the Advanced Toroidal Facility, during tangential NBI. The primary data used in this study are the experimentally measured energy spectra of charge-exchange neutrals escaping from the plasma, using a two-dimensional scanning neutral particle analyzer. This diagnostic method is well established, having been used on several devices since the early 1970`s. Various aspects of fast-ion behavior are investigated by comparing these data with computed theoretical spectra based on energeticion distributions derived from the fastion Fokker-Planck equation. Ion orbits are studied by computer orbit following, by the computation of J* surfaces, and by Monte Carlo calculations.

Wade, M.R.; Thomas, C.E.; Colchin, R.J.; Rome, J.A.; England, A.C.; Fowler, R.H. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Aceto, S.C. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States)

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Diffusion of a plasma subject to neutral beam injection  

SciTech Connect

Two-dimensional numerical plasma simulations have been carried out in a uniform magnetic field to study the effects of neutral beam injection on plasma diffusion. Neutral beams injected across a magnetic field are assumed to be ionized by various ionization processes in a plasma. It is found that the suprathermal convective motion of a plasma generated by the injection of neutral beams is dissipated via anomalous viscosity, leading to enhanced cross-field diffusion. The diffusion coefficient depends weakly on the magnetic field and plasma density, similar to the diffusion due to thermally excited convective cells. The magnitude of the diffusion increases with the injection energy and is much larger than the thermal diffusion because of the presence of suprathermal plasma convection. It is shown that a similar anomalous plasma diffusion may occur in a plasma subject to radio frequency (RF) wave heating where only a localized region of plasma across a magnetic field is heated to a temperature much higher than the surrounding temperature. Theoretical investigations are given on the scaling of enhanced plasma diffusion.

Okuda, H.; Hiroe, S.

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Toroidal midplane neutral beam armor and plasma limiter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

For use in a tokamak fusion reactor having a midplane magnetic coil on the inner wall of an evacuated toriodal chamber within which a neutral beam heated, fusing plasma is magnetically confined, a neutral beam armor shield and plasma limiter is provided on the inner wall of the toroidal chamber to shield the midplane coil from neutral beam shine-thru and plasma deposition. The armor shield/plasma limiter forms a semicircular enclosure around the midplane coil with the outer surface of the armor shield/plasma limiter shaped to match, as closely as practical, the inner limiting magnetic flux surface of the toroidally confined, indented, bean-shaped plasma. The armor shield/plasma limiter includes a plurality of semicircular graphite plates each having a pair of coupled upper and lower sections with each plate positioned in intimate contact with an adjacent plate on each side thereof so as to form a closed, planar structure around the entire outer periphery of the circular midplane coil. The upper and lower plate sections are adapted for coupling to heat sensing thermocouples and to a circulating water conduit system for cooling the armor shield/plasma limiter.The inner center portion of each graphite plate is adapted to receive and enclose a section of a circular diagnostic magnetic flux loop so as to minimize the power from the plasma confinement chamber incident upon the flux loop.

Kugel, Henry W. (Somerset, NJ); Hand, Jr, Samuel W. (Hopewell Township, Mercer County, NJ); Ksayian, Haig (Titusville, NJ)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Optimal (short-term) pump schedule detection for water distribution systems by neutral evolutionary search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The application of neutrality is a straightforward tool to preserve population diversity since it allows the genotype (on the represented search space) to be changed without affecting the corresponding fitness. To implement neutrality the literature ... Keywords: Evolutionary computing, Neutrality, Scheduling, Water distribution systems

IstváN Selek; JóZsef Gergely Bene; Csaba Hs

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Challenges to quantum chromodynamics: Anomalous spin, heavy quark, and nuclear phenomena  

SciTech Connect

The general structure of QCD meshes remarkably well with the facts of the hadronic world, especially quark-based spectroscopy, current algebra, the approximate point-like structure of large momentum transfer inclusive reactions, and the logarithmic violation of scale invariance in deep inelastic lepton-hadron reactions. QCD has been successful in predicting the features of electron-positron and photon-photon annihilation into hadrons, including the magnitude and scaling of the cross sections, the shape of the photon structure function, the production of hadronic jets with patterns conforming to elementary quark and gluon subprocesses. The experimental measurements appear to be consistent with basic postulates of QCD, that the charge and weak currents within hadrons are carried by fractionally-charged quarks, and that the strength of the interactions between the quarks, and gluons becomes weak at short distances, consistent with asymptotic freedom. Nevertheless in some cases, the predictions of QCD appear to be in dramatic conflict with experiment. The anomalies suggest that the proton itself as a much more complex object than suggested by simple non-relativistic quark models. Recent analyses of the proton distribution amplitude using QCD sum rules points to highly-nontrival proton structure. Solutions to QCD in one-space and one-time dimension suggest that the momentum distributions of non-valence quarks in the hadrons have a non-trival oscillatory structure. The data seems also to be suggesting that the intrinsic'' bound state structure of the proton has a non- negligible strange and charm quark content, in addition to the extrinsic'' sources of heavy quarks created in the collision itself. 144 refs., 46 figs., 2 tabs.

Brodsky, S.J.

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

YEAR-END REPORT: HEAVY ION FUSION PROGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1978-Mar. 1979, Heavy Ion Fusion Program, Lawrence BerkeleyOlson, Proceedings of the Heavy Ion Fusion Workshop, ArgonneUniversity Ravi N. Sudan KMS Fusion, Inc. Stanford Linear

Fusion Staff, Heavy Ion

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

INERTIAL FUSION DRIVEN BY INTENSE HEAVY-ION BEAMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HIFAN 1830 INERTIAL FUSION DRIVEN BY INTENSE HEAVY-ION BEAMSAC02-05CH11231. INERTIAL FUSION DRIVEN BY INTENSE HEAVY-ION467 (1992). [38] R. W. Moir, Fusion Tech. 25, 5 (1994) [39

Sharp, W. M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Twisted mass QCD and the FNAL heavy quark formalism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At tree level, I discuss modifying the FNAL heavy quark formalism to include a twisted mass term. I find that at maximal twist the so called KLM factor is independent of the heavy mass.

Craig McNeile

2008-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

448

Analysis of a Heavy Rainfall Event during TAMEX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A heavy rainfall event during the Taiwan Area Mesoscale Experiment intensive observing period 13 has been studied using upper-air, surface mesonet, and dual-Doppler radar data. The heavy rainfall (?231 mm day?1) occurred over northwestern Taiwan ...

Jun Li; Yi-Leng Chen; Wen-Chau Lee

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Texas Refinery Catalytic Hydrotreating, Heavy Gas Oil Downstream ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Hydro. Heavy Gas Oil Downstream Charge Capacity (B/SD)y ; Cat. Hydro. Heavy Gas Oil Downstream Charge Capacity (B/SD)y ; Texas Downstream Charge Capacity of Operable ...

450

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #363: March 14, 2005 Heavy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3: March 14, 2005 Heavy Truck Miles by Age to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 363: March 14, 2005 Heavy Truck Miles by Age on Facebook Tweet about...

451

The high current transport experiment for heavy ion inertial fusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Heavy Ion Inertial Fusion, Princeton, 1996, edited by J.Conference on Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications (FOR HEAVY ION INERTIAL FUSION 1 L. R. Prost, D. Baca, F. M.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

The Modular Point Design for Heavy Ion Fusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

POINT DESIGN FOR HEAVY ION FUSION S.S. Yu 1 , J.J. BarnardUpdated Point Design for Heavy Ion Fusion,” Proc. 2002 Amer.Nucl. Soc. Fusion Topical Meeting, 17-21 November 2002,

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Vanadium and nickel complexes in petroleum resid acid, base, and neutral fractions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acid and base fractions from petroleum vacuum resids with no detectable (by visible spectrophotometry) quantities of porphyrinic Ni or V complexes were hydrotreated under various conditions to determine if significant amounts of porphyrinic metals were released, via disassociation or other means, upon hydrotreating. No significant quantities were observed, thereby indicating that nonporphyrinic metals were not simply associated, complexed or otherwise masked (in terms of visible spectrophotometric response) porphyrinic metal complexes. However, it is possible that hydrotreating was simply not effective in breaking up these associates and/or that some porphyrinic forms of metal were in fact released but were rapidly destroyed by hydrotreating. In addition, three liquid chromatographic (LC) separation methods were sequentially applied to Cerro Negro (Orinoco belt Venezuelan heavy crude) >700[degree]C resid in an effort to separate and concentrate the metal complexes present. Nonaqueous ion exchange chromatography was used initially to separate the resid into acid, base and neutral types. Two concentrates containing 19,500 and 13,500 ppm total V, or an estimated 19 and 13 wt % V-containing compounds respectively, were obtained. The degree of enrichment of Ni compounds obtained was significantly lower. By visible spectrophotometry, using vanadyl etioporphyrin as a standard, each of the concentrates contained near a 1:1 ratio of porphyrinic:nonporphyrinic V complexes. Analogous separation behavior for porphyrinic versus nonporphyrinic metal forms was observed throughout much of the work, thereby suggesting that a comparable diversity of structures existed within each general class of metal compounds. The generally wide dispersion of both Ni and V over the LC separation scheme suggests a structural variety of metal complexes that is comparable to that observed for other heteroatoms (N, S, O) in petroleum.

Pearson, C.D.; Green, J.D.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Vanadium and nickel complexes in petroleum resid acid, base, and neutral fractions  

SciTech Connect

Acid and base fractions from petroleum vacuum resids with no detectable (by visible spectrophotometry) quantities of porphyrinic Ni or V complexes were hydrotreated under various conditions to determine if significant amounts of porphyrinic metals were released, via disassociation or other means, upon hydrotreating. No significant quantities were observed, thereby indicating that nonporphyrinic metals were not simply associated, complexed or otherwise masked (in terms of visible spectrophotometric response) porphyrinic metal complexes. However, it is possible that hydrotreating was simply not effective in breaking up these associates and/or that some porphyrinic forms of metal were in fact released but were rapidly destroyed by hydrotreating. In addition, three liquid chromatographic (LC) separation methods were sequentially applied to Cerro Negro (Orinoco belt Venezuelan heavy crude) >700{degree}C resid in an effort to separate and concentrate the metal complexes present. Nonaqueous ion exchange chromatography was used initially to separate the resid into acid, base and neutral types. Two concentrates containing 19,500 and 13,500 ppm total V, or an estimated 19 and 13 wt % V-containing compounds respectively, were obtained. The degree of enrichment of Ni compounds obtained was significantly lower. By visible spectrophotometry, using vanadyl etioporphyrin as a standard, each of the concentrates contained near a 1:1 ratio of porphyrinic:nonporphyrinic V complexes. Analogous separation behavior for porphyrinic versus nonporphyrinic metal forms was observed throughout much of the work, thereby suggesting that a comparable diversity of structures existed within each general class of metal compounds. The generally wide dispersion of both Ni and V over the LC separation scheme suggests a structural variety of metal complexes that is comparable to that observed for other heteroatoms (N, S, O) in petroleum.

Pearson, C.D.; Green, J.D.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Heavy metals behaviour in a gasification reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sludge coming from cleaning processes of wastewater, Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), and Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) can be exploited for producing energy because of their heating value. Cleaning the produced syngas is important because of environmental troubles, ... Keywords: heavy metals, syngas, thermodynamic, waste gasification

Martino Paolucci; Carlo Borgianni; Paolo De Filippis

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Towards Heavy Fermions in Europium Intermetallic Compounds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Towards Heavy Fermions in Towards Heavy Fermions in Europium Intermetallic Compounds Towards Heavy Fermions in Europium Intermetallic Compounds Print Wednesday, 29 July 2009 00:00 For decades, intermetallic compounds of rare-earth metals have been favorite systems of the research community studying strong electron correlations in solids. Nowadays rare-earth intermetallics are often treated as model systems for studies of zero-temperature quantum critical phase transitions, since heavy-fermion rare-earth compounds (in which the electron effective mass is orders of magnitude larger than the bare electron mass) have provided the clearest evidence for these continuous phase transitions, which are controlled by such parameters as chemical composition, magnetic field, and pressure, rather than temperature. A new study of a europium-based compound by an international team led by researchers from the Technische Universität Dresden in Germany hints that this compound could join well-known compounds of cerium, ytterbium, and uranium as a new material suitable for research on quantum critical transitions. This finding is exciting, since physicists hope that the use of a new material will give an additional degree of freedom for researching quantum critical behavior.

457

Joint resummation for heavy quark production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present joint threshold and recoil resummed transverse momentum distributions for heavy quark hadroproduction, at next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy. We study the dependence of these distributions on the production channel, the color configurations and the differences with the pure threshold-resummed distribution.

Andrea Banfi; Eric Laenen

2004-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

458

Carbon foils as heavy ion strippers  

SciTech Connect

A discussion is given of the advantages and disadvantages of thin carbon foil strippers for heavy ion beams from tandem electrostatic accelerators. Foil lifetimes were increased by radiative heating and by the evaporation of a thin layer of gold on the foil. (PMA)

Yntema, J.L.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Scaling in heavy-fermion systems  

SciTech Connect

Ambient pressure characteristics of heavy-fermion compounds, such as the ratio of the low temperature magnetic susceptibility to the electronic specific heat coefficient {gamma} and a simple relationship between the T{sup 2}-coefficient of resistivity and {gamma}{sup 2}, suggest that a single-energy scale T{sub o} dictates the physics of these materials. Such is the case for Kondo-impurity systems to which heavy-fermions are related. We consider the consequences of assuming that the electronic free energy is given by a universal function of T/T{sub o} (V) where V is the molar volume. We show that volume-dependent magnetic susceptibility, specific heat and electrical resistivity of some heavy-fermion compounds scale as T/T{sub o} (V), at least over a range in pressures and temperatures. A further consequence of the principle assumption is that Gruneisen parameters defined as - {partial_derivative}{ell}nX/{partial_derivative}nV, where X is some physical property, should be identical for all properties and equal to that determined from electronic contributions to the volume- thermal expansion coefficient and specific heat. In several materials, this equality holds, at least approximately. Although evidence is found for single-energy scaling in heavy-fermion materials, we cannot conclude unambiguously that the basic assumption is correct in detail.

Thompson, J.D.; Fisk, Z. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Lawrence, J.M. [California Univ., Irvine, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

460

Thermal processes for heavy oil recovery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This status report summarizes the project BE11B (Thermal Processes for Heavy Oil Recovery) research activities conducted in FY93 and completes milestone 7 of this project. A major portion of project research during FY93 was concentrated on modeling and reservoir studies to determine the applicability of steam injection oil recovery techniques in Texas Gulf Coast heavy oil reservoirs. In addition, an in-depth evaluation of a steamflood predictive model developed by Mobil Exploration and Production Co. (Mobil E&P) was performed. Details of these two studies are presented. A topical report (NIPER-675) assessing the NIPER Thermal EOR Research Program over the past 10 years was also written during this fiscal year and delivered to DOE. Results of the Gulf Coast heavy oil reservoir simulation studies indicated that though these reservoirs can be successfully steamflooded and could recover more than 50% of oil-in-place, steamflooding may not be economical at current heavy oil prices. Assessment of Mobil E&P`s steamflood predictive model capabilities indicate that the model in its present form gives reasonably good predictions of California steam projects, but fails to predict adequately the performance of non-California steam projects.

Sarkar, A.K.; Sarathi, P.S.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heavy neutral leptons" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Talon Heavy Hoist and Safety Latch  

Engineers at the Savannah River Site (SRS) have devised a new design for a latching hoist hook with remote unlatching capabilities.  The TalonTM hoist hook and safety latch is designed for lifting heavy loads as well as locking the load in place with ...

462

HEAVY AND THERMAL OIL RECOVERY PRODUCTION MECHANISMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical progress report describes work performed from April 1 through June 30, 2002, for the project ''Heavy and Thermal Oil Recovery Production Mechanisms.'' We investigate a broad spectrum of topics related to thermal and heavy-oil recovery. Significant results were obtained in the areas of multiphase flow and rock properties, hot-fluid injection, improved primary heavy oil recovery, and reservoir definition. The research tools and techniques used are varied and span from pore-level imaging of multiphase fluid flow to definition of reservoir-scale features through streamline-based history-matching techniques. Briefly, experiments were conducted to image at the pore level matrix-to-fracture production of oil from a fractured porous medium. This project is ongoing. A simulation studied was completed in the area of recovery processes during steam injection into fractured porous media. We continued to study experimentally heavy-oil production mechanisms from relatively low permeability rocks under conditions of high pressure and high temperature. High temperature significantly increased oil recovery rate and decreased residual oil saturation. Also in the area of imaging production processes in laboratory-scale cores, we use CT to study the process of gas-phase formation during solution gas drive in viscous oils. Results from recent experiments are reported here. Finally, a project was completed that uses the producing water-oil ratio to define reservoir heterogeneity and integrate production history into a reservoir model using streamline properties.

Anthony R. Kovscek

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

A cost analysis model for heavy equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Total cost is one of the most important factors for a heavy equipment product purchase decision. However, the different cost views and perspectives of performance expectations between the different involved stakeholders may cause customer relation problems ... Keywords: Cost responsibilities, Operating costs, Ownership costs, Post-Manufacturing Product Cost (PMPC), System life-cycle cost

Shibiao Chen; L. Ken Keys

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Some Common Ingredients for Heavy Orographic Rainfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to synthesize some common synoptic and mesoscale environments conducive to heavy orographic rainfall. Previous studies of U.S. and Alpine cases and new analyses of some Alpine and east Asian cases have shown the ...

Yuh-Lang Lin; Sen Chiao; Ting-An Wang; Michael L. Kaplan; Ronald P. Weglarz

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Abstract: Isochoric Heat Capacity of Light and Heavy Water at ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Isochoric Heat Capacity of Light and Heavy Water at Subcritical and Supercritical Conditions. IM Abdulagatov, JW Magee ...

466

U.S. Refinery Catalytic Hydrotreating, Heavy Gas Oil ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Refinery Catalytic Hydrotreating, Heavy Gas Oil Downstream Charge Capacity as of January 1 (Barrels per Stream Day)

467

HEAVY AND THERMAL OIL RECOVERY PRODUCTION MECHANISMS  

SciTech Connect

The Stanford University Petroleum Research Institute (SUPRI-A) studies oil recovery mechanisms relevant to thermal and heavy-oil production. The scope of work is relevant across near-, mid-, and long-term time frames. In August of 2000 we received funding from the U. S. DOE under Award No. DE-FC26-00BC15311 that completed December 1, 2003. The project was cost shared with industry. Heavy oil (10 to 20{sup o} API) is an underutilized energy resource of tremendous potential. Heavy oils are much more viscous than conventional oils. As a result, they are difficult to produce with conventional recovery methods. Heating reduces oil viscosity dramatically. Hence, thermal recovery is especially important because adding heat, usually via steam injection generally improves displacement efficiency. The objectives of this work were to improve our understanding of the production mechanisms of heavy oil under both primary and enhanced modes of operation. The research described spanned a spectrum of topics related to heavy and thermal oil recovery and is categorized into: (1) multiphase flow and rock properties, (2) hot fluid injection, (3) improved primary heavy-oil recovery, (4) in-situ combustion, and (5) reservoir definition. Technology transfer efforts and industrial outreach were also important to project effort. The research tools and techniques used were quite varied. In the area of experiments, we developed a novel apparatus that improved imaging with X-ray computed tomography (CT) and high-pressure micromodels etched with realistic sandstone roughness and pore networks that improved visualization of oil-recovery mechanisms. The CT-compatible apparatus was invaluable for investigating primary heavy-oil production, multiphase flow in fractured and unfractured media, as well as imbibition. Imbibition and the flow of condensed steam are important parts of the thermal recovery process. The high-pressure micromodels were used to develop a conceptual and mechanistic picture of primary heavy-oil production by solution gas drive. They allowed for direct visualization of gas bubble formation, bubble growth, and oil displacement. Companion experiments in representative sands and sandstones were also conducted to understand the mechanisms of cold production. The evolution of in-situ gas and oil saturation was monitored with CT scanning and pressure drop data. These experiments highlighted the importance of depletion rate, overburden pressure, and oil-phase chemistry on the cold production process. From the information provided by the experiments, a conceptual and numerical model was formulated and validated for the heavy-oil solution gas drive recovery process. Also in the area of mechanisms, steamdrive for fractured, low permeability porous media was studied. Field tests have shown that heat injected in the form of steam is effective at unlocking oil from such reservoir media. The research reported here elucidated how the basic mechanisms differ from conventional steamdrive and how these differences are used to an advantage. Using simulations of single and multiple matrix blocks that account for details of heat transfer, capillarity, and fluid exchange between matrix and fracture, the importance of factors such as permeability contrast between matrix and fracture and oil composition were quantified. Experimentally, we examined the speed and extent to which steam injection alters the permeability and wettability of low permeability, siliceous rocks during thermal recovery. Rock dissolution tends to increase permeability moderately aiding in heat delivery, whereas downstream the cooled fluid deposits silica reducing permeability. Permeability reduction is not catastrophic. With respect to wettability, heat shifts rock wettability toward more water wet conditions. This effect is beneficial for the production of heavy and medium gravity oils as it improves displacement efficiency. A combination of analytical and numerical studies was used to examine the efficiency of reservoir heating using nonconventional wells such as horizontal and multi

Anthony R. Kovscek; Louis M. Castanier

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

468

Energy Conservation Tests of a Coupled Kinetic-kinetic Plasma-neutral Transport Code  

SciTech Connect

A Monte Carlo neutral transport routine, based on DEGAS2, has been coupled to the guiding center ion-electron-neutral neoclassical PIC code XGC0 to provide a realistic treatment of neutral atoms and molecules in the tokamak edge plasma. The DEGAS2 routine allows detailed atomic physics and plasma-material interaction processes to be incorporated into these simulations. The spatial pro le of the neutral particle source used in the DEGAS2 routine is determined from the uxes of XGC0 ions to the material surfaces. The kinetic-kinetic plasma-neutral transport capability is demonstrated with example pedestal fueling simulations.

D.P. Stotler, C.S. Chang, S.H. Ku, J. Lang and G. Park

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z