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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Definition: District chilled water | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

chilled water chilled water Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png District chilled water Water chilled outside of a building in a central plant and piped into the building as an energy source for cooling. Chilled water may be purchased from a utility or provided by a central physical plant in a separate building that is part of the same multibuilding facility (e.g. a hospital complex or university).[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms District heat References ↑ http://205.254.135.24/tools/glossary/index.cfm?id=D ↑ http://buildingsdatabook.eren.doe.gov/Glossary.aspx#Tech Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:District_chilled_water&oldid=423381"

2

Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature...

3

,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","District Chilled Water","Propane","Othera"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8. Energy Sources, Floorspace, 1999" 8. Energy Sources, Floorspace, 1999" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings","All Buildings Using Any Energy Source","Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","District Chilled Water","Propane","Othera" "All Buildings ................",67338,65753,65716,45525,13285,5891,2750,6290,2322 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",6774,6309,6280,3566,620,"Q","Q",635,292 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",8238,7721,7721,5088,583,"Q","Q",986,"Q"

4

,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","District Chilled Water","Propane","Othera"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7. Energy Sources, Number of Buildings, 1999" 7. Energy Sources, Number of Buildings, 1999" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings","All Buildings Using Any Energy Source","Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","District Chilled Water","Propane","Othera" "All Buildings ................",4657,4403,4395,2670,434,117,50,451,153 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",2348,2193,2186,1193,220,"Q","Q",215,93 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",1110,1036,1036,684,74,"Q","Q",124,"Q" "10,001 to 25,000 .............",708,689,688,448,65,24,"Q",74,19

5

Geothermal district heating systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ten district heating demonstration projects and their present status are described. The projects are Klamath County YMCA, Susanville District Heating, Klamath Falls District Heating, Reno Salem Plaza Condominium, El Centro Community Center Heating/Cooling, Haakon School and Business District Heating, St. Mary's Hospital, Diamond Ring Ranch, Pagosa Springs District Heating, and Boise District Heating.

Budney, G.S.; Childs, F.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Pagosa Springs District Heating District Heating Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pagosa Springs District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Pagosa Springs District Heating District Heating Low...

7

Boise City Geothermal District Heating District Heating Low Temperatur...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Boise City Geothermal District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Boise City Geothermal District Heating District Heating...

8

San Bernardino District Heating District Heating Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

San Bernardino District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility San Bernardino District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating...

9

Kethcum District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kethcum District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Kethcum District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

10

Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

11

Midland District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Midland District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Midland District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Midland,...

12

Central Air Conditioners","Heat Pumps","Individual Air Conditioners","District Chilled Water","Central Chillers","Packaged  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5. Cooling Equipment, Floorspace, 1999" 5. Cooling Equipment, Floorspace, 1999" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings","All Cooled Buildings","Cooling Equipment (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Residential-Type Central Air Conditioners","Heat Pumps","Individual Air Conditioners","District Chilled Water","Central Chillers","Packaged Air Conditioning Units","Swamp Coolers","Other" "All Buildings ................",67338,58474,8329,9147,14276,2750,12909,36527,2219,1312 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",6774,4879,890,700,962,"Q","Q",2613,253,"Q" "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",8238,6212,1606,707,1396,"Q","Q",3197,181,"Q"

13

Towards Intelligent District Heating.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A district heating system consists of one or more production units supplying energy in the form of heated water through a distribution pipe network to (more)

Johansson, Christian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

City of Klamath Falls District Heating District Heating Low Temperatur...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name City of Klamath Falls District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility City of Klamath...

15

Elko County School District District Heating Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Elko County School District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Elko County School District District Heating Low Temperature...

16

Pagosa Springs District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Pagosa Springs District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Pagosa Springs District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Pagosa Springs, Colorado Coordinates 37.26945°, -107.0097617° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

17

City of Klamath Falls District Heating District Heating Low Temperature  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District Heating District Heating Low Temperature District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name City of Klamath Falls District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility City of Klamath Falls District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Klamath Falls, Oregon Coordinates 42.224867°, -121.7816704° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

18

Kethcum District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kethcum District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Kethcum District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Kethcum District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Kethcum District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Ketchum, Idaho Coordinates 43.6807402°, -114.3636619° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

19

San Bernardino District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bernardino District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Bernardino District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name San Bernardino District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility San Bernardino District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location San Bernardino, California Coordinates 34.1083449°, -117.2897652° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

20

Boise City Geothermal District Heating District Heating Low Temperature  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Boise City Geothermal District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Boise City Geothermal District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Boise City Geothermal District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Boise City Geothermal District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Boise, Idaho Coordinates 43.6135002°, -116.2034505° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Philip District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Philip, South Dakota Coordinates 44.0394329°, -101.6651441° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

22

Midland District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Midland District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Midland District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Midland District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Midland District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Midland, South Dakota Coordinates 44.0716539°, -101.1554178° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

23

Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Susanville District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Susanville, California Coordinates 40.4162842°, -120.6530063° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

24

November 20, 2012 Webinar: District Heating with Renewable Energy |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

November 20, 2012 Webinar: District Heating with Renewable Energy November 20, 2012 Webinar: District Heating with Renewable Energy November 20, 2012 Webinar: District Heating with Renewable Energy This webinar was held November 20, 2012, and provided information on Indiana's Ball State University geothermal heat pump system, and a hot-water district heating system in St. Paul, Minnesota. Download the presentations below, watch the webinar (WMV 194 MB), or view the text version. Find more CommRE webinars. Paradigm Shift-Coal to Geothermal Ball State University in Indianapolis, Indiana, is converting its campus district heating and cooling system from a coal-fired steam boiler to a ground source geothermal system that produces simultaneously hot water for heating and chilled water for cooling. It will be the largest ground source

25

Elko District Heat District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heat District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Heat District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Elko District Heat District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Elko District Heat Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Elko, Nevada Coordinates 40.8324211°, -115.7631232° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

26

Hospital chilled water loop assessment Miami District Cooling Project: (Final report)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A strategy of linking primary chilled water plants at each hospital through a common underground distribution system was devised to minimize the capital cost for new centralized equipment while achieving the savings associated with district cooling systems. The study developed the technical and economic analyses and proposed a management structure to provide a mechanism for the equitable distribution of costs and savings.

Not Available

1989-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

27

Cogen/chilled-water plant heats, cools, electrifies campus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article describes replacement of the University of California at Los Angeles' aging boiler and refrigeration equipment with a central chiller/combined-cycle cogeneration plant. The topics of the article include the work scope, the chilled water plant including absorption and steam turbine driven centrifugal chillers, and the cogeneration plant including two packaged combustion turbines, two heat-recovery steam generators and one steam turbogenerator.

Johnson, D.N. (Univ. of California, Los Angeles (United States)); Bakker, V.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Combined Heat and Power, Waste Heat, and District Energy | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Combined Heat and Power, Waste Heat, and District Energy Combined Heat and Power, Waste Heat, and District Energy Presentation-given at the Fall 2011 Federal Utility Partnership...

29

Compare All CBECS Activities: District Heat Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

District Heat Use District Heat Use Compare Activities by ... District Heat Use Total District Heat Consumption by Building Type Commercial buildings in the U.S. used a total of approximately 433 trillion Btu of district heat (district steam or district hot water) in 1999. There were only five building types with statistically significant district heat consumption; education buildings used the most total district heat. Figure showing total district heat consumption by building type. If you need assistance viewing this page, please call 202-586-8800. District Heat Consumption per Building by Building Type Health care buildings used the most district heat per building. Figure showing district heat consumption per building by building type. If you need assistance viewing this page, please call 202-586-8800.

30

Hospital chilled water loop assessment Miami District Cooling project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is a progress report on a Miami District cooling project for Civic Center Hospitals. An underground distribution system to link the hospitals was devised to minimize capital cost and the maximize savings on operating costs. This study develops a technical and economic analysis and a proposal management structure to provide an equitable distribution of costs and savings. 11 figs., 19 tabs. (FSD)

Not Available

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Litchfield Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Litchfield Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

32

District heating campaign in Sweden  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the fall of 1994 a district heating campaign was conducted in Sweden. The campaign was initiated because the Swedish district heating companies agreed that it was time to increase knowledge and awareness of district heating among the general public, especially among potential customers. The campaign involved many district heating companies and was organized as a special project. Advertising companies, media advisers, consultants and investigators were also engaged. The campaign was conducted in two stages, a national campaign followed by local campaign was conducted in two stages, a national campaign followed by local campaigns. The national campaign was conducted during two weeks of November 1994 and comprised advertising on commercial TV and in the press.

Stalebrant, R.E. [Swedish District Heating Association, Stockholm (Sweden)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Elko County School District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County School District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal County School District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Elko County School District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Elko County School District Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Elko, Nevada Coordinates 40.8324211°, -115.7631232° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

34

Warm Springs Water District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Water District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Warm Springs Water District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Warm Springs Water District Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Boise, Idaho Coordinates 43.6135002°, -116.2034505° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

35

District cooling and heating development in Stamford, CT. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the development options for introducing district cooling and heating in downtown Stamford, Connecticut. A district energy system as defined for the Stamford project is the production of chilled and hot water at a central energy plant, and its distribution underground to participating building in the vicinity. The objective of the study was to investigate implementation of a district energy system in conjunction with cogeneration as a means to encourage energy conservation and provide the city with an economic development tool. Analysis of the system configuration focused on selecting an arrangement which offered a realistic opportunity for implementation. Three main alternatives were investigated: (1) construction of an 82 MW cogeneration plant and a district heating and cooling system to serve downtown buildings, (2) construction of a small (4 MW) in-fence cogeneration plant combined with cooling and heating, and (3) construction of a district cooling and heating plant to supply selected buildings. Option (1) was determined to be unfeasible at this time due to low electricity prices. The analysis demonstrated that alternatives (2) and (3) were feasible. A number of recommendations are made for detailed cost estimates and ownership, leasing, and financial issues. 12 figs., 10 tabs.

NONE

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Definition: District heat | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District heat District heat Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png District heat A heating system that uses steam or hot water produced outside of a building (usually in a central plant) and piped into the building as an energy source for space heating, hot water or another end use.[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition District heating (less commonly called teleheating) is a system for distributing heat generated in a centralized location for residential and commercial heating requirements such as space heating and water heating. The heat is often obtained from a cogeneration plant burning fossil fuels but increasingly biomass, although heat-only boiler stations, geothermal heating and central solar heating are also used, as well as nuclear power. District heating plants can provide higher efficiencies and better

37

BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (Phase I) | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (Phase I) BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (Phase I) Project objectives: Create a campus geothermal heating and cooling...

38

District Heating with Renewable Energy Webinar  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This no cost Community Renewable Energy Success Stories webinar on "District Heating with Renewable Energy" presented by the Energy Department will feature two presentations. The first will discuss...

39

Fort Boise Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Fort Boise Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

40

Oregon Institute of Technology District Heating Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Oregon Institute of Technology District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

New Mexico State University District Heating Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name New Mexico State University District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility New...

42

Buffalo district heating system design and construction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report addresses the introduction of district heating in Buffalo, NY from feasibility study to implementation. The reemergence of district heating in the US and associated advantages are reviewed. Advanced piping technology which has enabled district heating to compete economically with alternative technologies is summarized. Identification and analysis of the customer heat load considered in downtown Buffalo for the pilot system and future expansion is discussed. Various options for initiating construction of a district heating system were considered as exemplified by the configuration for the pilot system which was selected to serve five downtown buildings. A conceptual plan is presented which permits the system to expand in an economically viable manner. The report concludes with an economic analysis which simulates the operation and expansion of the system. 4 figs., 8 tabs.

Oliker, I.

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

First university owned district heating system using biomass heat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Components 4.3 m diameter gasifier 4.4 MW flue gas boiler 60 t hog fuel storage Electrostatic precipitator Residue Gasifier Oxidizer Flue Gas Boiler Electrostatic Precipitator Heat to campus district energy loop

Northern British Columbia, University of

44

BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (PHASE I) Geothermal Project |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (PHASE I) Geothermal Project BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (PHASE I) Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (PHASE I) Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program: Ground Source Heat Pumps Project Type / Topic 2 Topic Area 1: Technology Demonstration Projects Project Description The Project will result in the construction of the largest ground source geothermal-based closed loop GHP heating and cooling system in America. Phase I of the Project began with the design, competitive bidding, and contract award for the drilling and "looping" of 1,800 boreholes in sports fields and parking lots on the north side of campus. The components of the entire Project include: (1) 4,100 four hundred feet deep boreholes spread over about 25 acres of sport fields and parking lots (Phase I will involve 1,800 boreholes spread over about 8 acres); (2) Each Phase will require a district energy station (about 9,000 sq. feet) that will each contain (A) two 2,500 ton heat pump chillers (which can produce 150 degree (F) water for heating purposes and 42 degree (F) water for cooling purposes); and (B) a variety of water pumps, electrical and other control systems; (3) a closed loop piping system that continuously circulates about 20,000 gallons of water (no anti-freeze) per minute through the boreholes, energy stations, a (two pipe) hot water loop and a (two pipe) chilled water loop (no water is drawn from the aquifer at any point in the operation); and (4) hot/chilled water-to-air heat exchangers in each of the buildings.

45

Alaska Gateway School District Adopts Combined Heat and Power...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Alaska Gateway School District Adopts Combined Heat and Power Alaska Gateway School District Adopts Combined Heat and Power May 7, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis In Tok, Alaska, the...

46

Cedarville School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Cedarville School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems with Geothermal Heat Pumps and Ground Source Water Loops Project...

47

Podhale (South Poland) geothermal district heating system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The search for geothermal resources in the Podhale Region began in the late 1980s. The Banska IG-1 well, drilled in 1981, served as the starting point for an expansion of those research activities. A geothermal pilot plant was put into operation in 1993. During that same year the company Geotermia Podhalanska (GP) was founded and the pilot project, including the first distribution network for 20 customers, was constructed. After the initial phase of project implementation from 1993 to 1995, during which a pilot plant was constructed and put into operation for demonstration purposes by the Polish Academy for Sciences using the first geothermal doublet (a production well in Banska Nizna and a reinjection well in Bialy Dunajec), and connection of 200 households through a small district heating network, the World Bank got involved in the geothermal district heating project. Since then, significant progress has been made, increasing the overall heat capacity and geothermal output as well as the service area to the City of Zakopane, approx. 14 km from the production wells. In November 2001 the first geothermal heat was delivered to customers in Zakopane.

Piotr Dlugosz

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Fuzzy predictive control of district heating network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a concept for controlling the supply temperature in district heating networks (DHNs) using model predictive control. Due to the inherent non-linearity in the response characteristics caused by varying flow rates the use of fuzzy dynamic matrix control (DMC) is proposed. The fuzzy partitions of the local finite impulse response (FIR) models are constructed by an axis-orthogonal, incremental partitioning scheme. Furthermore, a novel approach for determining future fuzzy trajectory based on heat load forecasts is implemented. It is demonstrated that the fuzzy DMC performs well for the case study considered. In addition, different set point strategies are applied and the results are evaluated with respect to operational costs. In this context it is shown that the trade-off between pumping and heat loss cost plays an important role in minimising overall costs.

S. Grosswindhager; M. Kozek; Andreas Voigt; Lukas Haffner

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

User manual for AQUASTOR: a computer model for cost analysis of aquifer thermal energy storage coupled with district heating or cooling systems. Volume I. Main text  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computer model called AQUASTOR was developed for calculating the cost of district heating (cooling) using thermal energy supplied by an aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) system. The AQUASTOR model can simulate ATES district heating systems using stored hot water or ATES district cooling systems using stored chilled water. AQUASTOR simulates the complete ATES district heating (cooling) system, which consists of two principal parts: the ATES supply system and the district heating (cooling) distribution system. The supply system submodel calculates the life-cycle cost of thermal energy supplied to the distribution system by simulating the technical design and cash flows for the exploration, development, and operation of the ATES supply system. The distribution system submodel calculates the life-cycle cost of heat (chill) delivered by the distribution system to the end-users by simulating the technical design and cash flows for the construction and operation of the distribution system. The model combines the technical characteristics of the supply system and the technical characteristics of the distribution system with financial and tax conditions for the entities operating the two systems into one techno-economic model. This provides the flexibility to individually or collectively evaluate the impact of different economic and technical parameters, assumptions, and uncertainties on the cost of providing district heating (cooling) with an ATES system. This volume contains the main text, including introduction, program description, input data instruction, a description of the output, and Appendix H, which contains the indices for supply input parameters, distribution input parameters, and AQUASTOR subroutines.

Huber, H.D.; Brown, D.R.; Reilly, R.W.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Tushino - 3 district heating project/Moscow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The contract for supply and installation of Honeywell control equipment at the district heating plant in Moscow suburb of Tushino was signed between the Mayor of Moscow and Honeywell in December 1991. Total contract value is US$3 million. The aim is to demonstrate on a pilot project the potential energy savings and improved pleat safety which can be achieved by means of electronic control of latest design. The Honeywell contract basically covers modernization of instrumentation and control of the gas fired heating plant, comprising water preparation and 4 boilers, of 100 Gcal/h each, i.e., 400 Gcal/h total. The plant is feeding the hot water network which has 60 heat exchanger stations connected. The heat exchangers (thermal rating between 2 to 10 Gcal/h each) supply hot water mainly to residential building blocks for apartment heating and domestic hot water. Honeywell`s responsibility covers engineering, supply of TDC 3000 micro-processor based control system for the boilers and DeltaNet Excel control for the Heat Exchangers. The contract also includes installation and start-up of the total control system.

Mayer, H.W.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (Phase I)  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (Phase I) James Lowe Ball State University May 03, 2010 This presentation does not contain any proprietary confidential, or otherwise...

52

District Wide Geothermal Heating Conversion Blaine County School...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Conversion Blaine County School District This project will impact the geothermal energy development market by showing that ground source heat pump systems using production...

53

Solar heat storages in district heating Klaus Ellehauge Thomas Engberg Pedersen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

July 2007 . #12;#12;Solar heat storages in district heating networks July 2007 Klaus Ellehauge 97 22 11 tep@cowi.dk www.cowi.com #12;#12;Solar heat storages in district heating networks 5 in soil 28 5.3 Other experienced constructions: 30 6 Consequences of establishing solar heat in CHP areas

54

District cooling gets hot  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utilities across the country are adopting cool storage methods, such as ice-storage and chilled-water tanks, as an economical and environmentally safe way to provide cooling for cities and towns. The use of district cooling, in which cold water or steam is pumped to absorption chillers and then to buildings via a central community chiller plant, is growing strongly in the US. In Chicago, San Diego, Pittsburgh, Baltimore, and elsewhere, independent district-energy companies and utilities are refurbishing neglected district-heating systems and adding district cooling, a technology first developed approximately 35 years ago.

Seeley, R.S.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Oregon Institute of Technology District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Oregon Institute of Technology District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Oregon Institute of Technology Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Klamath Falls, Oregon Coordinates 42.224867°, -121.7816704° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

56

New Mexico State University District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

State University District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal State University District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name New Mexico State University District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility New Mexico State University Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Las Cruces, New Mexico Coordinates 32.3123157°, -106.7783374° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

57

Idaho Capitol Mall District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Capitol Mall District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Capitol Mall District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Idaho Capitol Mall District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Idaho Capitol Mall Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Boise, Idaho Coordinates 43.6135002°, -116.2034505° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

58

Warren Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Warren Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Warren Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Warren Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Warren Estates Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Reno, Nevada Coordinates 39.5296329°, -119.8138027° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

59

Fort Boise Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Boise Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Boise Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Fort Boise Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Fort Boise Veteran's Hospital Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Boise, Idaho Coordinates 43.6135002°, -116.2034505° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

60

Manzanita Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Manzanita Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Manzanita Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Manzanita Estates District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Manzanita Estates Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Reno, Nevada Coordinates 39.5296329°, -119.8138027° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Litchfield Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Litchfield Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Litchfield Correctional Center Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Susanville, California Coordinates 40.4162842°, -120.6530063° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

62

A Geothermal District-Heating System and Alternative Energy Research...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District-Heating System and Alternative Energy Research Park on the NM Tech Campus Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title A...

63

Gila Hot Springs District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gila Hot Springs District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Gila Hot Springs District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Gila Hot Springs District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Gila Hot Springs Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Gila Hot Springs, New Mexico Coordinates Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

64

Energy Accounting for District Heating and Cooling Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY ACCOUNTING FOR DISTRICT HEATING AND COOLING PLANTS John A. Barrett, P.E. Manager, Central Plant Utilities University of Houston Houston, Texas Introduction Energy accounting combines engineering science with the insights of cost... Energy Technology Conference Houston, TX, April 22-25, 1979 The Science of Plant Utilities Control While the Weiss papers are not as specific to district heating and cooling plants as the preceding papers, they do treat other problem areas of interest...

Barrett, J. A.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

District Wide Geothermal Heating Conversion Blaine County School District  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This project will impact the geothermal energy development market by showing that ground source heat pump systems using production and re-injection wells has the lowest total cost of ownership of available HVAC replacement options.

66

Community Renewable Energy Success Stories Webinar: District Heating with  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

District District Heating with Renewable Energy (text version) Community Renewable Energy Success Stories Webinar: District Heating with Renewable Energy (text version) Below is the text version of the webinar titled "District Heating with Renewable Energy," originally presented on November 20, 2012. Operator: The broadcast is now starting. All attendees are in listen-only mode. Sarah Busche: Hi, good afternoon everyone, and welcome to today's webinar sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy. I'm Sarah Busche, and I'm here with Devin Egan. We're broadcasting live from the National Renewable Energy Lab in Golden, Colorado. And we're going to give everyone a few minutes to call in and log on, but while we do that, Devin's going to go over some of the logistics, and then we'll get started. Devin?

67

New energy and exergy parameters for geothermal district heating systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper introduces four new parameters, namely energetic renewability ratio, exergetic renewability ratio, energetic reinjection ratio, and exergetic reinjection ratio for geothermal district energy systems. These parameters are applied to Edremit Geothermal District Heating System (GDHS) in Balikesir, Turkey for daily, monthly and yearly assessments and their variations are studied. In addition, the actual data are regressed to obtain some applied correlations for practical use. Some results follow: (i) Both energetic and exergetic renewability ratios decrease with decreasing temperature in heating season and increasing temperature in the summer. (ii) Both energetic and exergetic reinjection ratios increase with decreasing temperature for heating season and increase with increasing temperature for summer season.

C. Coskun; Zuhal Oktay; I. Dincer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Simulation and analysis of district-heating and -cooling systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computer simulation model, GEOCITY, was developed to study the design and economics of district heating and cooling systems. GEOCITY calculates the cost of district heating based on climate, population, energy source, and financing conditions. The principal input variables are minimum temperature, heating degree-days, population size and density, energy supply temperature and distance from load center, and the interest rate. For district cooling, maximum temperature and cooling degree-hours are required. From this input data the model designs the fluid transport and district heating systems. From this design, GEOCITY calculates the capital and operating costs for the entire system. GEOCITY was originally developed to simulate geothermal district heating systems and thus, in addition to the fluid transport and distribution models, it includes a reservoir model to simulate the production of geothermal energy from geothermal reservoirs. The reservoir model can be adapted to simulate the supply of hot water from any other energy source. GEOCITY has been used extensively and has been validated against other design and cost studies. GEOCITY designs the fluid transport and distribution facilities and then calculates the capital and operating costs for the entire system. GEOCITY can simulate nearly any financial and tax structure through varying the rates of return on equity and debt, the debt-equity ratios, and tax rates. Both private and municipal utility systems can be simulated.

Bloomster, C.H.; Fassbender, L.L.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Co-sponsored second quarter progress review conference on district heating  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A summary of the progress review conference on district heating and cooling systems is presented. The agenda and lists of speakers and attendees are presented. A history of district heating and some present needs and future policies are given and an excerpt from the National District Heating Program Strategy (DOE, March 1980) is included. Following the presentation, District Heating and Cooling Systems Program, by Alan M. Rubin, a fact sheet on DOE's Integrated Community Energy Systems Program and information from an oral presentation, District Heating and Cooling Systems for Communities Through Power Plant Retrofit Distribution Network, are given. The Second Quarterly Oral Report to the US DOE on the District Heating and Cooling Project in Detroit; the executive summary of the Piqua, Ohio District Heating and Cooling Demonstration Project; the Second Quarterly Report of the Moorehead, Minnesota District Heating Project; and the report from the Moorehead, Minnesota mayor on the Hot Water District Heating Project are presented.

None

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Achieving low return temperatures from district heating substations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract District heating systems contribute with low primary energy supply in the energy system by providing heat from heat assets like combined heat and power, waste incineration, geothermal heat, wood waste, and industrial excess heat. These heat assets would otherwise be wasted or not used. Still, there are several reasons to use these assets as efficiently as possible, i.e., ability to compete, further reduced use of primary energy resources, and less environmental impact. Low supply and return temperatures in the distribution networks are important operational factors for obtaining an efficient district heating system. In order to achieve low return temperatures, customer substations and secondary heating systems must perform without temperature faults. In future fourth generation district heating systems, lower distribution temperatures will be required. To be able to have well-performing substations and customer secondary systems, continuous commissioning will be necessary to be able to detect temperature faults without any delays. It is also of great importance to be able to have quality control of eliminated faults. Automatic meter reading systems, recently introduced into district heating systems, have paved the way for developing new methods to be used in continuous commissioning of substations. This paper presents a novel method using the temperature difference signature for temperature difference fault detection and quality assurance of eliminated faults. Annual hourly datasets from 140 substations have been analysed for temperature difference faults. From these 140 substations, 14 were identified with temperature difference appearing or eliminated during the analysed year. Nine appeared during the year, indicating an annual temperature difference fault frequency of more than 6%.

Henrik Gadd; Sven Werner

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

On flow and supply temperature control in district heating systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper discusses how the control of the flow and the supply temperature in district heating systems can be optimized, utilizing stochastic modelling, prediction and control methods. The main objective is to reduce heat production costs and heat losses in the transmission and distribution net by minimizing the supply temperature at the district heating plant. This control strategy is reasonable, in particular, if the heat production takes place at a combined heat and power (CHP) plant. The control strategy is subject to some restrictions, e.g. that the total heat requirement for all consumers is supplied at any time, and each individual consumer is guaranteed some minimum supply temperature at any time. Another important restriction is that the variation in time of the supply temperature is kept as small as possible. This concept has been incorporated in the program package, PRESS, developed at the Technical University of Denmark. PRESS has been applied and tested, e.g. at Vestkraft in Esbjerg, Denmark, and significant saving potentials have been documented. PRESS is now distributed by the Danish District Heating Association.

Henrik Madsen; Ken Sejling; Henning T. Sgaard; Olafur P. Palsson

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Cedarville School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems with  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems with School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems with Geothermal Heat Pumps and Ground Source Water Loops Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Cedarville School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems with Geothermal Heat Pumps and Ground Source Water Loops Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program: Ground Source Heat Pumps Project Type / Topic 2 Topic Area 1: Technology Demonstration Projects Project Description - Improve the indoor air quality and lower the cost of cooling and heating the buildings that make up the campus of Cedarville High School, Middle School and Elementary School. - Provide jobs, and reduce requirements of funds for the capital budget of the School District, and thus give relief to taxpayers in this rural region during a period of economic recession. - The new Heat Pumps will be targeted to perform at very high efficiency with EER (energy efficiency ratios) of 22+/-. System capacity is planned at 610 tons. - Remove unusable antiquated existing equipment and systems from the campus heating and cooling system, but utilize ductwork, piping, etc. where feasible. The campus is served by antiquated air conditioning units combined with natural gas, and with very poor EER estimated at 6+/-. - Monitor for 3 years the performance of the new systems compared to benchmarks from the existing system, and provide data to the public to promote adoption of Geothermal technology. - The Geothermal installation contractor is able to provide financing for a significant portion of project funding with payments that fall within the energy savings resulting from the new high efficiency heating and cooling systems.

73

Exergoeconomic evaluation on the optimum heating circuit system of Simav geothermal district heating system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simav is one of the most important 15 geothermal areas in Turkey. It has several geothermal resources with the mass flow rate ranging from 35 to 72kg/s and temperature from 88 to 148C. Hence, these geothermal resources are available to use for several purposes, such as electricity generation, district heating, greenhouse heating, and balneological purposes. In Simav, the 5000 residences are heated by a district heating system in which these geothermal resources are used. Beside this, a greenhouse area of 225,000m2 is also heated by geothermal. In this study, the working conditions of the Simav geothermal district heating system have been optimized. In this paper, the main characteristics of the system have been presented and the impact of the parameters of heating circuit on the system are investigated by the means of energy, exergy, and life cycle cost (LCC) concepts. As a result, the optimum heating circuit has been determined as 60/49C.

Oguz Arslan; M.Arif Ozgur; Ramazan Kose; Abtullah Tugcu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Heat Transfer Performance and Piping Strategy Study for Chilled Water Systems at Low Cooling Loads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% of energy used in the commercial sector; commercial use is about 18.2% of the total energy used (EIA, 2010). Air conditioning is becoming more widely used in commercial buildings. The chilled water system is a very important component in large air....1 Simulation baseline Total face area / Face velocity 44 ft2 / 477.3 cfm Coil FH?FL 36 inch?88 inch Rows ? FPI 8 ? 11 Fin thickness / Material 0.008 inch / AL Tube outside diameter / Wall 5/8 inch / 0.025 inch Interior tube wall area Ai 759 ft2 Exterior...

Li, Nanxi 1986-

2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

75

Community Renewable Energy Success Stories Webinar: District Heating with Renewable Energy (text version)  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Below is the text version of the webinar titled "District Heating with Renewable Energy," originally presented on November 20, 2012.

76

School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment Delta T optimisation of district heating network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment Delta T optimisation of district heating of any network. Most existing district heating systems work at small (10-15 C) delta T. Although for the conventional and optimised design of the district heating network. The network operation will be simulated

Evans, Paul

77

Return temperature influence of a district heating network on the CHP plant production costs.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The aim of this Project is to study the influence of high return temperatures in district heating on the costs for heat and power (more)

Sallent, Roger

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Absorption cooling in district heating network: Temperature difference examination in hot water circuit.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Absorption cooling system driven by district heating network is relized as a smart strategy in Sweden. During summer time when the heating demand is (more)

Yuwardi, Yuwardi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

District heating and cooling feasibility study, Dunkirk, New York  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to perform a preliminary investigation of the technical and economic feasibility of implementing a district heating and cooling (DHC) system in the City of Dunkirk, New York. The study was conducted by first defining a heating and cooling (HC) load service area. Then, questionnaires were sent to prospective DHC customers. After reviewing the owners responses, large consumers of energy were interviewed for more detail of their HC systems, including site visits, to determine possibilities of retrofitting their systems to district heating and cooling. Peak HC loads for the buildings were estimated by Burns and Roe's in-house computer programs. Based on the peak loads, certain customers were determined for suitability as anchor customers. Various options using cogeneration were investigated for possible HC sources. Equipment for HC sources and HC loads were sized and their associated costs estimated. Finally, economic analyses were performed. The conclusion is that it is technically and economically feasible to implement a district heating and cooling system in the City of Dunkirk. 14 figs., 15 tabs.

Not Available

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Feasibility analysis of geothermal district heating for Lakeview, Oregon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analysis of the geothermal resource at Lakeview, Oregon, indicates that a substantial resource exists in the area capable of supporting extensive residential, commercial and industrial heat loads. Good resource productivity is expected with water temperatures of 200{degrees}F at depths of 600 to 3000 feet in the immediate vicinity of the town. Preliminary district heating system designs were developed for a Base Case serving 1170 homes, 119 commercial and municipal buildings, and a new alcohol fuel production facility; a second design was prepared for a downtown Mini-district case with 50 commercial users and the alcohol plant. Capital and operating costs were determined for both cases. Initial development of the Lakeview system has involved conducting user surveys, well tests, determinations of institutional requirements, system designs, and project feasibility analyses. A preferred approach for development will be to establish the downtown Mini-district and, as experience and acceptance are obtained, to expand the system to other areas of town. Projected energy costs for the Mini-district are $10.30 per million Btu while those for the larger Base Case design are $8.20 per million Btu. These costs are competitive with costs for existing sources of energy in the Lakeview area.

Not Available

1980-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

CHP, Waste Heat & District Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CHP Technologies and Applications CHP Technologies and Applications 25 Oct 11 Today's Electric Grid What is CHP * ASHRAE Handbook: "Combined heat and power (CHP). Simultaneous production of electrical or mechanical energy and useful thermal energy from a single energy stream." * CHP is not a single technology but a suite of technologies that can use a variety of fuels to generate electricity or power at the point of use. * CHP technology can be deployed quickly, cost-effectively, and with few geographic limitations. 11/1/2011 Slide 6 5/20/11 Slide 7 What is CHP? * On-site generation of Power and Thermal Energy from a single fuel source * 'Conventional' grid based generators are located remote from thermal applications while CHP plants are located close to thermal applications

82

Thermodynamic analysis of a geothermal district heating system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermoeconomic analysis is considered a useful tool for investigators in engineering and other disciplines due to its methodology based on the quantities exergy, cost, energy and mass. This study deals with an investigation of capital costs and thermodynamic losses for devices in the Balcova Geothermal District Heating Systems (BGDHS). Thermodynamic loss rate-to-capital cost ratios are used for components and the overall system, and a systematic correlation is found between capital cost and exergy loss (total or internal), but not between capital cost and energy loss or external exergy loss. This correlation may imply that devices in successful district heating system are configured so as to achieve an overall optimal design, by balancing the thermodynamic (exergy-based) and economic characteristics of the overall system and their devices. The results provide insights into the relations between thermodynamics and economics and help demonstrate the merits of exergy analysis.

Leyla Ozgener; Arif Hepbasli; Ibrahim Dincer

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Geothermal district heating system feasibility analysis, Thermopolis, Wyoming  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to determine the technical and economic feasibility of constructing and operating a district heating system to serve the residential, commercial, and public sectors in Thermopolis. The project geothermal resource assessment, based on reviews of existing information and data, indicated that substantial hot water resources likely exist in the Rose Dome region 10 miles northeast of Thermopolis, and with quantities capable of supporting the proposed geothermal uses. Preliminary engineering designs were developed to serve the space heating and hot water heating demands for buildings in the Thermopolis-East Thermopolis town service area. The heating district design is based on indirect geothermal heat supply and includes production wells, transmission lines, heat exchanger units, and the closed loop distribution and collection system necessary to serve the individual customers. Three options are presented for disposal of the cooled waters-reinjection, river disposal, and agricultural reuse. The preliminary engineering effort indicates the proposed system is technically feasible. The design is sized to serve 1545 residences, 190 businesses, and 24 public buildings. The peak design meets a demand of 128.2 million Btu at production rates of 6400 gpm.

Goering, S.W.; Garing, K.L.; Coury, G.; Mickley, M.C.

1982-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

84

A key review on performance improvement aspects of geothermal district heating systems and applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with a comprehensive analysis and discussion of geothermal district heating systems and applications. In this regard, case studies are presented to study the thermodynamic aspects in terms of energy and exergy and performance improvement opportunities of three geothermal district heating systems, namely (i) Balcova geothermal district heating system (BGDHS), (ii) Salihli geothermal district heating system (SGDHS), and (iii) Gonen geothermal district heating system (GGDHS) installed in Turkey. Energy and exergy modeling of geothermal district heating systems for system analysis and performance evaluation are given, while their performances are evaluated using energy and exergy analysis method. Energy and exergy specifications are presented in tables. In the analysis, the actual system operational data are utilized. In comparison of the local three district heating systems with each other, it is found that the SGDHS has highest energy efficiency, while the GGDHS has highest exergy efficiency.

Leyla Ozgener; Arif Hepbasli; Ibrahim Dincer

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Exergoeconomic analysis of geothermal district heating systems: A case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An exergoeconomic study of geothermal district heating systems through mass, energy, exergy and cost accounting analyses is reported and a case study is presented for the Salihli geothermal district heating system (SGDHS) in Turkey to illustrate the present method. The relations between capital costs and thermodynamic losses for the system components are also investigated. Thermodynamic loss rate-to-capital cost ratios are used to show that, for the devices and the overall system, a systematic correlation appears to exist between capital cost and exergy loss (total or internal), but not between capital cost and energy loss or external exergy loss. Furthermore, a parametric study is conducted to determine how the ratio of thermodynamic loss rate to capital cost changes with reference temperature and to develop a correlation that can be used for practical analyses. The correlations may imply that devices in successful district heating systems such as the SGDHS are configured so as to achieve an overall optimal design, by appropriately balancing the thermodynamic (exergy-based) and economic (cost) characteristics of the overall systems and their devices.

Leyla Ozgener; Arif Hepbasli; Ibrahim Dincer; Marc A. Rosen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Conventional and advanced exergoeconomic analyses of geothermal district heating systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present study deals with analyzing, assessing and comparing conventional and advanced exergoeconomic analyses to identify the direction and potential for energy savings of a geothermal district heating system in future conditions/projections. As a real case study, the Afyon geothermal district heating system in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, is considered while its actual operational thermal data on 8 February 2011 are utilized in the analysis, which is based on the specific exergy costing method. In this study for the first time, based on the concepts of avoidable/unavoidable and endogenous/exogenous parts, cost rates associated with both exergy destruction and capital investment of the geothermal district heating system are determined first, and the obtained results are then evaluated. The results indicate that the internal design changes play a more essential role in determining the cost of each component. The cost rate of unavoidable part within the components of the system is lower than that of the avoidable one. For the overall system, the value for the conventional exergoeconomic factor is determined to be 5.53% while that for the modified one is calculated to be 9.49%. As a result, the advanced exergoeconomic analysis makes more sense given the additional information in splitting process of the components.

Ali Keeba?; Arif Hepbasli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Geothermal district heating in Turkey: The Gonen case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The status of geothermal district heating in Turkey and its future prospects are reviewed. A description is given of the Gonen project in Balikesir province, the first system to begin citywide operation in the country. The geology and geothermal resources of the area, the history of the project's development, the problems encountered, its economic aspects and environmental contributions are all discussed. The results of this and other such systems installed in Turkey have confirmed that, in this country, heating an entire city based on geothermal energy is a significantly cleaner, cheaper option than using fossil fuels or other renewable energy resources.

Zuhal Oktay; Asiye Aslan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Life cycle assessment of base-load heat sources for district heating system options  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose There has been an increased interest in utilizing renewable energy sources in district heating systems. District heating systems are centralized systems that provide heat for residential and commercial buildings in a community. While various renewable and conventional energy sources can be used in such systems, many stakeholders are interested in choosing the feasible option with the least environmental impacts. This paper evaluates and compares environmental burdens of alternative energy source options for the base load of a district heating center in Vancouver, British Columbia (BC) using the life cycle assessment method. The considered energy sources include natural gas, wood pellet, sewer heat, and ground heat. Methods The life cycle stages considered in the LCA model cover all stages from fuel production, fuel transmission/transportation, construction, operation, and finally demolition of the district heating system. The impact categories were analyzed based on the IMPACT 2002+ method. Results and discussion On a life-cycle basis, the global warming effect of renewable energy options were at least 200 kgeqCO2 less than that of the natural gas option per MWh of heat produced by the base load system. It was concluded that less than 25% of the upstream global warming impact associated with the wood pellet energy source option was due to transportation activities and about 50% of that was resulted from wood pellet production processes. In comparison with other energy options, the wood pellets option has higher impacts on respiratory of inorganics, terrestrial ecotoxicity, acidification, and nutrification categories. Among renewable options, the global warming impact of heat pump options in the studied case in Vancouver, BC, were lower than the wood pellet option due to BC's low carbon electricity generation profile. Ozone layer depletion and mineral extraction were the highest for the heat pump options due to extensive construction required for these options. Conclusions Natural gas utilization as the primary heat source for district heat production implies environmental complications beyond just the global warming impacts. Diffusing renewable energy sources for generating the base load district heat would reduce human toxicity, ecosystem quality degradation, global warming, and resource depletion compared to the case of natural gas. Reducing fossil fuel dependency in various stages of wood pellet production can remarkably reduce the upstream global warming impact of using wood pellets for district heat generation.

Ghafghazi, Saeed [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Sowlati, T. [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL; Melin, Staffan [Delta Research Corporation

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Potential of the Power-to-Heat Technology in District Heating Grids in Germany  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The increasing amount of power generation from weather-dependent renewable sources in Germany is projected to lead to a considerable number of hours in which power generation exceeds power demand. One possibility to take advantage of this power surplus is through the Power-to-Heat technology. As combined heat and power (CHP)-plants can be upgraded relatively easily with a Power-to-Heat facility, a huge potential can be developed in German district heating grids which are mainly served by CHP-plants. In this paper the potential of the Power-to-Heat technology in district heating grids in Germany is evaluated for the years 2015 to 2030 under different assumptions.

Diana Bttger; Mario Gtz; Nelly Lehr; Hendrik Kondziella; Thomas Bruckner

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Marketing the Klamath Falls Geothermal District Heating system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Klamath Falls Geothermal District Heating system was completed in 1981 and, until 1992, there was no formal marketing plan for the system. This lack of marketing and the system history of poor availability combined to reduce or eliminate interest in connecting on the part of local building owners and it served only the original 14 government buildings connected at start up. The revenue from these buildings, however, did not cover the entire cost of operating the system. As a result, the city was faced with a difficult decision - develop the revenue required to make the system self-supporting or shut it down. As a result, a marketing strategy for the system was developed. A flat rate was developed in which the rate is negotiable, but for most customers approximates 50% of the gas bill. In addition, the flat rate reduced customer retrofit costs because it is not necessary to buy a meter. Finally, the flat rate is a guaranteed value for the first 10 years of the contract. To reduce retrofit costs, the new marketing plan eliminates the requirement for a customer heat exchanger. New customers are now connected directly into the distribution system with district loop water used as the building heating medium. The state operates two programs which have been used in the marketing plan. The first of these is available only to taxable entities and is referred to as the Business Energy Tax Credit (BETC). This program offers business a 35% tax credit on the costs associated with connection to the geothermal district heat system (retrofit, design, permits, etc.). The second state program is the Small Energy Loan Program (SELP). This program will loan the entire cost of the energy project to the customer. The new marketing strategy for the Klamath Falls system has concentrated on offering the customer an attractive and easy to understand rate structure, reduced retrofit cost and complexity for this building along with an attractive package of financing and tax credits. 1 tab.

Rafferty, K. (Geo-Heat Center, Klamath Falls, OR (United States))

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Heat exchanger optimization for geothermal district heating systems: A fuel saving approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the most commonly used heating devices in geothermal systems is the heat exchanger. The output conditions of heat exchangers are based on several parameters. The heat transfer area is one of the most important parameters for heat exchangers in terms of economics. Although there are a lot of methods to optimize heat exchangers, the method described here is a fairly easy approach. In this paper, a counter flow heat exchanger of geothermal district heating system is considered and optimum design values, which provide maximum annual net profit, for the considered heating system are found according to fuel savings. Performance of the heat exchanger is also calculated. In the analysis, since some values are affected by local conditions, Turkey's conditions are considered.

Ahmet Dagdas

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Cost-efficient monitoring of water quality in district heating systems This article examines the monitoring strategy for water quality in a large Danish district  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cost-efficient monitoring of water quality in district heating systems This article examines the monitoring strategy for water quality in a large Danish district heating system ­ and makes a proposal for a technical and economic improvement. Monitoring of water quality in district heating systems is necessary

93

User manual for GEOCITY: a computer model for cost analysis of geothermal district-heating-and-cooling systems. Volume I. Main text  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this model is to calculate the costs of residential space heating, space cooling, and sanitary water heating or process heating (cooling) using geothermal energy from a hydrothermal reservoir. The model can calculate geothermal heating and cooling costs for residential developments, a multi-district city, or a point demand such as an industrial factory or commercial building. GEOCITY simulates the complete geothermal heating and cooling system, which consists of two principal parts: the reservoir and fluid transmission system and the distribution system. The reservoir and fluid transmission submodel calculates the life-cycle cost of thermal energy supplied to the distribution system by simulating the technical design and cash flows for the exploration, development, and operation of the reservoir and fluid transmission system. The distribution system submodel calculates the life-cycle cost of heat (chill) delivered by the distribution system to the end-users by simulating the technical design and cash flows for the construction and operation of the distribution system. Geothermal space heating is assumed to be provided by circulating hot water through radiators, convectors, fan-coil units, or other in-house heating systems. Geothermal process heating is provided by directly using the hot water or by circulating it through a process heat exchanger. Geothermal space or process cooling is simulated by circulating hot water through lithium bromide/water absorption chillers located at each building. Retrofit costs for both heating and cooling applications can be input by the user. The life-cycle cost of thermal energy from the reservoir and fluid transmission system to the distribution system and the life-cycle cost of heat (chill) to the end-users are calculated using discounted cash flow analysis.

Huber, H.D.; Fassbender, L.L.; Bloomster, C.H.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Continuous Commissioning of a Central Chilled Water & Hot Water System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A central chilled water / hot water system provides cooling / heating energy from central utility plants to multiple customers (buildings) through campus distribution loops. To effectively transport the chilled water and hot water to the buildings...

Deng, S.; Turner, W. D.; Batten, T.; Liu, M.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

ARM - Wind Chill Calculations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Wind Chill Calculations Wind Chill is the apparent temperature felt on the exposed human...

96

Municipal District Heating and Cooling Co-generation System Feasibility Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In summer absorption refrigerating machines provide cold water using excess heat from municipal thermoelectric power plant through district heating pipelines, which reduces peak electric load from electricity networks in summer. The paper simulates...

Zhang, W.; Guan, W.; Pan, Y.; Ding, G.; Song, X.; Zhang, Y.; Li, Y.; Wei, H.; He, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Skyscrapers and District Heating, an inter-related History 1876-1933.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the United States in the late 1850s.1 A district heating system produces energy in a boiler plant - steam and electricity. This system needs a heavy infrastructure - boiler plant, pumps, and mains laid out beneath of skyscrapers is well-known;3 but the history of district heating systems less well known, this article

Boyer, Edmond

98

"Potential for Combined Heat and Power and District Heating and Cooling from Waste-to-Energy Facilities in the U.S. Learning from the Danish Experience"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is used for the generation of electricity. The advantages of district heating using WTE plants are heating and cooling system in Indianapolis. However, there are few U.S. hot water district heating systems,800 district heating and cooling systems, providing 320 million MWh of thermal energy. Currently, 28 of the 88

Shepard, Kenneth

99

District heating and cooling systems for communities through power plant retrofit distribution network. Phase 2. Final report, 1 March 1980-31 January 1984  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potential for district heating was examined in terms of a total (regional) system and two subsystems of overlapping scales. The basis of the economic analysis of district heating was that the utility's electric and gas customers would not be economically burdened by the implementation of district heating, and that any incremental costs due to district heating (e.g. district heating capital and operating costs, replacement electric power, abandonment of unamortized gas mains) would be charged to district heating customers.

Not Available

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Union County - La Grande, Oregon geothermal district heating: feasibility assessment. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an assessment of geothermal district heating in the City of La Grande, Oregon. Eight study area districts were analyzed to determine their economic feasibility. Results from the analyses conclude that certain districts within the City of La Grande are economically feasible if certain assumptions are correct. Development of geothermal district heating for these areas would provide direct energy and dollar savings to the building owners and would also provide direct and indirect benefits to low and moderate income households within the City.

Jenkins, H. II; Giddings, M.; Hanson, P.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Performance investigation of two geothermal district heating systems for building applications: Energy analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energetic performance of Balcova geothermal district heating system (BGDHS) and Salihli geothermal district heating system (SGDHS) installed in Turkey is investigated for building applications in this study. The essential components (e.g., pumps, heat exchangers) of these geothermal district heating systems are also included in the modeling. The present model is employed for system analysis and energetic performance evaluation of the geothermal district heating systems. Energy flow diagrams are drawn to exhibit the input and output energies and losses to the surroundings by using the 2003 and 2004 heating season actual data. In addition, energy efficiencies are studied for comparison purposes, and are found to be 39.36% for BGDHS and 59.31% for SGDHS, respectively.

Leyla Ozgener; Arif Hepbasli; Ibrahim Dincer

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Photoreversible Micellar Solution as a Smart Drag-Reducing Fluid for Use in District Heating/Cooling Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photoreversible Micellar Solution as a Smart Drag-Reducing Fluid for Use in District Heating solution is developed as a promising working fluid for district heating/cooling systems (DHCs). It can systems. A promising application of DR fluids is in district heating/ cooling systems (DHCs)9

Raghavan, Srinivasa

103

Optimal Operation of a Waste Incineration Plant for District Heating Johannes Jaschke, Helge Smedsrud, Sigurd Skogestad*, Henrik Manum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal Operation of a Waste Incineration Plant for District Heating Johannes J¨aschke, Helge@chemeng.ntnu.no off-line. This systematic approach is here applied to a waste incineration plant for district heating. In district heating networks, operators usually wish to ob- tain the lowest possible return temperature

Skogestad, Sigurd

104

Preliminary Retro-Commissioning Study on Optimal Operation for the Heat Source System of a District Heating Cooling Plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heating Water Suuply Chilled Water Return Heating Water Return To User New System ESL-IC-08-10-57 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 2 attract attention due..., R6 450 1, 1 ESL-IC-08-10-57 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 3 (one office building and one building with hotel rooms and leisure facilities) since November...

Shingu, H.; Yoshida, H.; Wang, F.; Ono, E.

105

Energy recovery from waste incineration: Assessing the importance of district heating networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Municipal solid waste incineration contributes with 20% of the heat supplied to the more than 400 district heating networks in Denmark. In evaluation of the environmental consequences of this heat production, the typical approach has been to assume that other (fossil) fuels could be saved on a 1:1 basis (e.g. 1 GJ of waste heat delivered substitutes for 1 GJ of coal-based heat). This paper investigates consequences of waste-based heat substitution in two specific Danish district heating networks and the energy-associated interactions between the plants connected to these networks. Despite almost equal electricity and heat efficiencies at the waste incinerators connected to the two district heating networks, the energy and CO{sub 2} accounts showed significantly different results: waste incineration in one network caused a CO{sub 2} saving of 48 kg CO{sub 2}/GJ energy input while in the other network a load of 43 kg CO{sub 2}/GJ. This was caused mainly by differences in operation mode and fuel types of the other heat producing plants attached to the networks. The paper clearly indicates that simple evaluations of waste-to-energy efficiencies at the incinerator are insufficient for assessing the consequences of heat substitution in district heating network systems. The paper also shows that using national averages for heat substitution will not provide a correct answer: local conditions need to be addressed thoroughly otherwise we may fail to assess correctly the heat recovery from waste incineration.

Fruergaard, T.; Christensen, T.H. [Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby (Denmark); Astrup, T., E-mail: tha@env.dtu.d [Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby (Denmark)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

106

Energy Efficient Integration of Heat Pumps into Solar District Heating Systems with Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Solar district heating (SDH) with seasonal thermal energy storage (STES) is a technology to provide heat for space heating and domestic hot water preparation with a high fraction of renewable energy. In order to improve the efficiency of such systems heat pumps can be integrated. By preliminary studies it was discovered, that the integration of a heat pump does not always lead to improvements from an overall energy perspective, although the operation of the heat pump increases the efficiency of other components of the system e. g. the STES or the solar collectors. Thus the integration of heat pumps in SDH systems was investigated in detail. Usually, the heat pumps are integrated in such a way, that the STES is used as low temperature heat source. No other heat sources from the ambience are used and only that amount of energy consumed by the heat pump is additionally fed into the system. In the case of an electric driven heat pump, this is highly questionable concerning economic and CO2-emission aspects. Despite that fact the operation of the heat pump influences positively the performance of other components in the system e. g. the STES and makes them more efficient. If the primary energy consumption of the heat pump is lower than the energetic benefits of all other components, the integration makes sense from an energetic point of view. A detailed assessment has been carried out to evaluate the most promising system configurations for the integration of a heat pump. Based on this approach a system concept was developed in which the integration of the heat pump is energetically further improved compared to realised systems. By means of transient system simulations this concept was optimised with regard to the primary energy consumption. A parameter study of this new concept has been performed to identify the most sensitive parameters of the system. The main result and conclusion are that higher solar fractions and also higher primary energy savings can be achieved by SDH systems using heat pumps compared systems without heat pumps.

Roman Marx; Dan Bauer; Harald Drueck

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

A Geothermal District-Heating System and Alternative Energy Research Park  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal District-Heating System and Alternative Energy Research Park Geothermal District-Heating System and Alternative Energy Research Park on the NM Tech Campus Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title A Geothermal District-Heating System and Alternative Energy Research Park on the NM Tech Campus Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Geothermal Technologies Program Project Type / Topic 2 Geothermal Energy Production from Low Temperature Resources, Coproduced Fluids from Oil and Gas Wells, and Geopressured Resources Project Type / Topic 3 Low Temperature Resources Project Description With prior support from the Department of Energy (GRED III Program), New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (NM Tech) has established that this resource likely has sufficient permeability (3000 Darcies) and temperatures (80-112 oC) to develop a campus-wide district heating system.

108

Retro-Commissioning and Improvement for District Heating and Cooling System Using Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to improve the energy performance of a district heating and cooling (DHC) system, retro-commissioning was analyzed using visualization method and simulation based on mathematical models, and improved operation schemes were proposed...

Shingu, H.; Nakajima, R.; Yoshida, H.; Wang, F.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

4th Generation District Heating (4GDH): Integrating smart thermal grids into future sustainable energy systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper defines the concept of 4th Generation District Heating (4GDH) including the relations to District Cooling and the concepts of smart energy and smart thermal grids. The motive is to identify the future challenges of reaching a future renewable non-fossil heat supply as part of the implementation of overall sustainable energy systems. The basic assumption is that district heating and cooling has an important role to play in future sustainable energy systems including 100 percent renewable energy systems but the present generation of district heating and cooling technologies will have to be developed further into a new generation in order to play such a role. Unlike the first three generations, the development of 4GDH involves meeting the challenge of more energy efficient buildings as well as being an integrated part of the operation of smart energy systems, i.e. integrated smart electricity, gas and thermal grids.

Henrik Lund; Sven Werner; Robin Wiltshire; Svend Svendsen; Jan Eric Thorsen; Frede Hvelplund; Brian Vad Mathiesen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Economics of power plant district and process heating in Richland, Washington  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The economic feasibility of utilizing hot water from nuclear reactors to provide district heating for private residences in Richland, Washington, and space and process heating for nearby offices, part of the Hanford Reservation, and the Lamb-Weston potato processing plant is assessed. Specifically, the practicality of using hot water from the Washington Public Power Supply System's WNP-1 reactor, which is currently under construction on the Hanford Reservation, just north of the City of Richland is established. World-wide experience with district heating systems and the advantages of using these systems are described. The GEOCITY computer model used to calculate district heating costs is described and the assumptions upon which the costs are based are presented. District heating costs for the city of Richland, process heating costs for the Lamb-Weston potato processing plant, district heating costs for the Horn Rapids triangle area, and process heating costs for the 300 and 3000 areas are discussed. An economic analysis is discussed and institutional restraints are summarized. (MCW)

Fassbender, L.L.; Bloomster, C.H.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Exergy analysis of two geothermal district heating systems for building applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study evaluates the exergetic performance of two local Turkish geothermal district heating systems through exergy analysis. The exergy destructions in these geothermal district heating systems are quantified and illustrated using exergy flow diagrams for a reference temperature of 1C using the 2003 and 2004 actual seasonal heating data. The results indicate that the exergy destructions in these systems particularly occur due to losses in pump, heat exchangers, pipelines, and the reinjection of thermal water. Exergy efficiencies of the two systems are investigated for the system performance analysis and improvement and are determined to be 42.89% and 59.58%, respectively.

Leyla Ozgener; Arif Hepbasli; Ibrahim Dincer

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Piping network design of geothermal district heating systems: Case study for a university campus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Geothermal district heating system design consists of two parts: heating system and piping network design. District heating system design and a case study for a university campus is given in Yildirim etal. [1] in detail. In this study, piping network design optimisation is evaluated based on heat centre location depending upon the cost and common design parameters of piping networks which are pipe materials, target pressure loss (TPL) per unit length of pipes and installation type. Then a case study for the same campus is presented.

Nurdan Yildirim; Macit Toksoy; Gulden Gokcen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Study on Performance Verification and Evaluation of District Heating and Cooling System Using Thermal Energy of River Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

September 16, 2014 NIKKEN SEKKEI Research Institute Naoki Takahashi Study on Performance Verification and Evaluation of District Heating and Cooling System Using Thermal Energy of River Water ESL-IC-14-09-19 Proceedings of the 14th International... of the 14th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Beijing, China, September 14-17, 2014 District heating and cooling system in Nakanoshima 4 Characteristics of heat supply plant in Nakanoshima district -River water is utilized as heat...

Takahashi,N.; Niwa, H.; Kawano,M.; Koike,K.; Koga,O.; Ichitani, K.; Mishima,N.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

District heating/feasibility study for Jamestown, New York. Phase two. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report details an investigation to implement district heating in Jamestown, New York. It is a technical and economic feasibility study of a hot-water district-heating system, using a municipal electric plant as the heat source and the downtown area as a source for customers. As a result of the project, the City of Jamestown built a district-heating system that was a service to four customers in 1984 and expanded to 14 customers in 1985. The City expects it to grow in 1986 and beyond. Customers are realizing a 20 to 30% savings in heating costs. The municipal electric plant burns coal and the system so far has displaced the equivalent of 1 million gallons of oil per year.

Oliker, I.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Geothermal district heating applications in Turkey: a case study of IzmirBalcova  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Turkey is located on the Mediterranean sector of the AlpineHimalayan Tectonic Belt and is among the first seven countries in abundance of geothermal resources around the world. However, the share of its potential used is only about 2%. This means that considerable studies on geothermal energy could be conducted in order to increase the energy supply and to reduce atmospheric pollution in Turkey. The main objective in doing the present study is twofold, namely: (a) to overview the status and future aspects of geothermal district heating applications in Turkey and (b) to present the IzmirBalcova geothermal district heating system, which is one example of the high temperature district heating applications in Turkey. The first geothermal heating application was applied in 1981 to the IzmirBalcova thermal facilities, where the downhole heat exchanger was also used for the first time. Besides this, the first city based geothermal district heating system has been operated in BalikesirGonen since 1987. Recently, the total installed capacity has reached 820 \\{MWt\\} for direct use. An annual average growth of 23% of the residences connected to geothermal district heating systems has been achieved since 1983 in the country, representing a decrease of 5% in the last three years. Present applications have shown that in Turkey, geothermal energy is much cheaper than the other energy sources, like fossil fuels, and can make a significant contribution towards reducing the emission of greenhouse gases.

A Hepbasli; C Canakci

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Simple models of district heating systems for load and demand side management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simple models of district heating systems for load and demand side management and operational heating systems for load and demand side management and operational optimisation Simple modeller and demand side management and operational optimisation © 2004 by the authors, Department of Mechanical

117

Table 5a. Total District Heat Consumption per Effective Occupied Square  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a. Total District Heat Consumption per Effective a. Total District Heat Consumption per Effective Occupied Square Foot, 1992 Building Characteristics All Buildings Using District Heat (thousand) Total District Heat Consumption (trillion Btu) District Heat Intensities (thousand Btu) Per Square Foot Per Effective Occupied Square Foot All Buildings 94 429 84 93 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 18 Q Q Q 5,001 to 10,000 11 Q Q Q 10,001 to 25,000 28 65 144 155 25,001 to 50,000 16 Q Q Q 50,001 to 100,000 9 50 79 81 100,001 to 200,000 6 59 76 79 200,001 to 500,000 5 109 71 77 Over 500,000 1 65 62 80 Principal Building Activity Education 22 50 71 78 Food Sales and Service Q Q Q Q Health Care 3 57 100 142 Lodging 9 66 112 116 Mercantile and Service 9 Q Q Q Office 24 110 63 70 Public Assembly 10 23 64 66 Public Order and Safety Q Q Q Q Religious Worship Q Q Q Q Warehouse and Storage

118

Table 5b. Relative Standard Errors for Total District Heat Consumption per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

b. Relative Standard Errors for Total District Heat Consumption per b. Relative Standard Errors for Total District Heat Consumption per Effective Occupied Square Foot, 1992 Building Characteristics All Buildings Using District Heat (thousand) Total District Heat Consumption (trillion Btu) District Heat Intensities (thousand Btu) Per Square Foot Per Effective Occupied Square Foot All Buildings 11 16 16 16 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 27 78 76 76 5,001 to 10,000 38 60 51 51 10,001 to 25,000 18 43 36 35 25,001 to 50,000 24 68 51 51 50,001 to 100,000 18 40 30 30 100,001 to 200,000 27 33 35 36 200,001 to 500,000 22 31 26 27 Over 500,000 42 26 14 10 Principal Building Activity Education 17 29 22 23 Food Sales and Service 67 93 207 150 Health Care 35 26 25 14 Lodging 30 40 30 29 Mercantile and Service 40 74 59 58 Office 23 28 26 27 Public Assembly 25 33 25 26 Public Order and Safety

119

District Heating and Cooling feasibility study, Salt Lake City, Utah: Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following is a general description of the Burns and Roe study of District Heating and Cooling Feasibility for Salt Lake City, Utah. The study assesses District Heating and Cooling (DHC) and develops a conceptual district system for Salt Lake City. In assessing District Heating and Cooling in Salt Lake City, the system conceived is evaluated to determine whether it is technically and economically viable. To determine technical viability, aspects such as implementation, pipe routing, and environmental restrictions are reviewed to foresee any technical problems that would arise as a result of DHC. To determine economic feasibility, the conceived system is priced to determine the capital cost to construct, and modeled in an economic analysis using anticipated operating and fuel costs to produce the required revenue necessary to run the system. Technical and Economic feasibility are predicated on many variables, including heating and cooling load, pipe routing, system implementation, and fuel costs. These variables have been investigated and demonstrate a substantial potential for DHC in Salt Lake City. Areas of consideration include the Downtown Area, Metropolitan Hall of Justice and surrounding area, and the Hotel District.

Not Available

1988-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

120

District Heating and Cooling Feasiblity Study, Salt Lake City, Utah: Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following is a general description of the Burns and Roe study of District Heating and Cooling Feasibility for Salt Lake City, Utah. The study assesses District Heating and Cooling (DHC) and develops a conceptual district system for Salt Lake city. In assessing District Heating and Cooling in Salt Lake City, the system conceived is evaluated to determine whether it is technically and economically viable. To determine technical viability, aspects such as implementation, pipe routing, and environmental restrictions are reviewed to foresee any technical problems that would arise as a result of DHC. To determine economic feasibility, the conceived system is priced to determine the capital cost to construct, and modeled in an economic analysis using anticipated operating and fuel costs to produce the required revenue necessary to run the system. Technical and Economic feasibility are predicated on many variables, including heating and cooling load, pipe routing, system implementation, and fuel costs. These variables have been investigated and demonstrate a substantial potential for DHC in Salt Lake City. Areas of consideration include the Downtown Area, Metropolitan Hall of Justice and surrounding area, and the Hotel District.

Not Available

1988-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Alaska Gateway School District Adopts Combined Heat and Power  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Tok School's use of a biomass combined heat and power system is helping the school to save on energy costs.

122

Cedarville School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems with Geothermal Heat Pumpsand Ground Source Water Loops  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Project objectives: Improve the indoor air quality and lower the cost of cooling and heating the buildings that make up the campus of Cedarville High School and Middle School.; Provide jobs; and reduce requirements of funds for the capital budget of the School District; and thus give relief to taxpayers in this rural region during a period of economic recession.

123

Energy efficiency improvements utilising mass flow control and a ring topology in a district heating network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Heating and cooling have a major role in the energy sector, covering 46% of total final energy use worldwide. District heating (DH) is a significant technology for improving the energy efficiency of heating systems in communities, because it enables waste heat sources to be utilised economically and therefore significantly reduces the environmental impacts of power generation. As a result of new and more stringent construction regulations for buildings, the heat demands of individual buildings are decreasing and more energy-efficient heating systems have to be developed. In this study, the energy efficiency of a new DH system which includes both a new control system called mass flow control and a new network design called a ring network is examined. A topology in the Helsinki region is studied by using a commercial DH network modelling tool, Grades Heating. The district heating network is attached to a wood-burning heat station which has a heat recovery system in use. Examination is performed by means of both technical and economic analysis. The new non-linear temperature programme that is required is adopted for supply and return temperatures, which allows greater temperature cooling and smaller flow rates. Lower district heating water temperatures are essential when reducing the heat losses in the network and heat production. Mass flow control allows smaller pressure drops in the network and thus reduces the pumping power. The aim of this study was to determine the most energy-efficient DH water supply temperatures in the case network. If the ring network design is utilised, the district heating system is easier to control. As a result the total heat consumption within the heating season is reduced compared to traditional DH systems. On the basis of the results, the new DH system is significantly more energy-efficient in the case network that was examined than the traditional design. For example, average energy losses within the constraints (which consist of heat losses, pumping energy, and surplus energy from the heat recovery system) are reduced from 4.4% to 3.1%.

Tatu Laajalehto; Maunu Kuosa; Tapio Mkil; Markku Lampinen; Risto Lahdelma

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Performance investigation of the Afyon geothermal district heating system for building applications: Exergy analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with an energy and exergy evaluation and modeling of geothermal district heating systems for their system analysis, performance evaluation and optimization. As a comprehensive case study, the Afyon geothermal district heating system (AFJET) in Afyon, Turkey is considered and actual thermal data are collected and employed for analysis. Using actual system data, an evaluation of the district heating system performance, energy and exergy efficiencies, and exergy destructions in the system are conducted in this regard. This study is also conducted to show how energy and exergy efficiencies of the \\{GDHSs\\} will change with the reference temperature and how exergy losses will affect by the temperature difference between the geothermal resource and the supply temperature of the district heating distribution network. In addition, the negative effects of discharge waters of the AFJET are presented. The energy and exergy efficiencies of the entire AFJET are found to be 37.59% and 47.54%, respectively. The results are expected to be helpful to researchers and engineers in the area.

Ali Keeba?; Muhammet Kayfeci; Engin Gedik

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Substations for Decentralized Solar District Heating: Design, Performance and Energy Cost  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The development of solar district heating is gaining more and more interest, but, in some case the space available for the integration of solar collectors on the ground is limited and the use of decentralized systems is necessary. For decentralized solar district heating systems different hydraulic schemes at the substation level, with or without local use of solar energy, are possible. The present paper detailed an advanced study on decentralized solar district heating system using dynamic simulation software. Nine different hydraulic schemes for substations have been investigated with a return to return feed in. For each scheme many parameters that influence the performance of the solar installation have been studied such as the district heating network return temperature, the solar collector area and the type of solar collector (low temperature or high temperature solar collector). The comparison between the different hydraulic schemes is based on thermal efficiency but also on solar energy cost using the methodology of the Levelized Cost Of Energy (LCOE).

Cedric Paulus; Philippe Papillon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Geothermal energy and district heating in Ny-lesund, Svalbard .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis presents the possibilities for using shallow geothermal energy for heating purposes in Ny-lesund. The current energy supply in Ny-lesund is a diesel generator, (more)

Iversen, Julianne

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Low Temperature Direct Use District Heating Geothermal Facilities | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heating Geothermal Facilities Heating Geothermal Facilities Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":800,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":"Geothermal

128

Barriers and enablers to geothermal district heating system development in the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

According to the US Energy Information Administration, space and hot water heating represented about 20% of total US energy demand in 2006. Given that most of this demand is met by burning natural gas, propane, and fuel oil, an enormous opportunity exists for directly utilizing indigenous geothermal energy as a cleaner, nearly emissions-free renewable alternative. Although the US is rich in geothermal energy resources, they have been frequently undervalued in America's portfolio of options as a means of offsetting fossil fuel emissions while providing a local, reliable energy source for communities. Currently, there are only 21 operating GDHS in the US with a capacity of about 100MW thermal. Interviews with current US district heating operators were used to collect data on and analyze the development of these systems. This article presents the current structure of the US regulatory and market environment for GDHS along with a comparative study of district heating in Iceland where geothermal energy is extensively utilized. It goes on to review the barriers and enablers to utilizing geothermal district heating systems (GDHS) in the US for space and hot water heating and provides policy recommendations on how to advance this energy sector in the US.

Hildigunnur H. Thorsteinsson; Jefferson W. Tester

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Prospects for District Heating in the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...population, climate, and the insulation and floor space characteristics...systems received heat from thermal plants which employed large...5) were buried to the specifications of the cold water industry...adjusted to accommo-date the insulation cost and greater di-mensions...

J. Karkheck; J. Powell; E. Beardsworth

1977-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

130

Life Cycle Assessment of district heat production in a straw fired CHP plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Due to concerns about the sustainability of the energy sector, conversion of biomass to energy is increasing its hold globally. Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) is being adopted as an analytical tool to assess the environmental impacts in the entire cycle of biomass production and conversions to different products. This study deals with the LCIA of straw conversion to district heat in a Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plant and in a district heating boiler (producing heat only). Environmental impact categories are Global Warming Potential (GWP), Acidification Potential (AP), aquatic and terrestrial Eutrophication Potential (EP) and Non-Renewable Energy (NRE) use. In the case of CHP, the co-produced electricity is assumed to displace the marginal Danish electricity mix. The current study showed that straw fired in the CHP plant would lead to a GWP of ?187gCO2-eq, AP 0.01m2UES (un-protected ecosystem), aquatic EP 0.16gNO3-eq, terrestrial EP 0.008m2UES, and NRE use ?0.14MJ-primary per 1MJ heat production. Straw conversion to heat in the CHP plant showed better environmental performances compared to the district heating boiler. Furthermore, removing straw from the field is related to the consequence e.g. decline in soil carbon sequestration, limiting soil nutrient availability, and when compared with natural gas the conversion of straw to heat would lead to a higher aquatic and terrestrial EP and AP. The study also outlays spaces for the detail sustainability assessment of straw conversion in a biorefinery and compare with the current study.

Ranjan Parajuli; Sren Lkke; Poul Alberg stergaard; Marie Trydeman Knudsen; Jannick H. Schmidt?; Tommy Dalgaard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Artificial neural network modeling of geothermal district heating system thought exergy analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with an artificial neural network (ANN) modeling to predict the exergy efficiency of geothermal district heating system under a broad range of operating conditions. As a case study, the Afyonkarahisar geothermal district heating system (AGDHS) in Turkey is considered. The average daily actual thermal data acquired from the AGDHS in the 20092010 heating season are collected and employed for exergy analysis. An ANN modeling is developed based on backpropagation learning algorithm for predicting the exergy efficiency of the system according to parameters of the system, namely the ambient temperature, flow rate and well head temperature. Then, the recorded and calculated data conducted in the AGDHS at different dates are used for training the network. The results showed that the network yields a maximum correlation coefficient with minimum coefficient of variance and root mean square values. The results confirmed that the ANN modeling can be applied successfully and can provide high accuracy and reliability for predicting the exergy performance of geothermal district heating systems.

Ali Keeba?; ?smail Yabanova; Mehmet Yumurtac?

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Energy and exergy analysis of geothermal district heating systems: an application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study we present an energy and exergy assessment and modeling of geothermal district heating systems for their system analysis, performance evaluation and optimization. A comprehensive case study is conducted in Balcova geothermal district heating system (BGDHS) in Izmir, Turkey and actual thermal data are collected and employed for analysis. Using actual system data, an assessment of the district heating system performance, energy and exergy efficiencies, and exergy destructions in the system is conducted in this regard. The exergy destructions in the overall BGDHS are quantified and illustrated using exergy flow diagram. Furthermore, both energy and exergy flow diagrams are exhibited for comparison purposes. It is observed through analysis that the exergy destructions in the system particularly take place as the exergy of the fluid lost in the pumps, the heat exchanger losses, the exergy of the thermal water (geothermal fluid) reinjected and the natural direct discharge (hot water distribution losses) of the system, accounting for 1.64%, 8.57%, 14.84% and 28.96%, respectively, of the total exergy input to the BGDHS. For system performance analysis and improvement, both energy and exergy efficiencies of the overall BGDHS are investigated and are determined to be 41.9% and 46%, respectively.

Leyla Ozgener; Arif Hepbasli; Ibrahim Dincer

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Thermal monitoring and optimization of geothermal district heating systems using artificial neural network: A case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with determine the energy and exergy efficiencies and exergy destructions for thermal optimization of a geothermal district heating system by using artificial neural network (ANN) technique. As a comprehensive case study, the Afyonkarahisar geothermal district heating system (AGDHS) in Afyonkarahisar/Turkey is considered and its actual thermal data as of average weekly data are collected in heating seasons during the period 20062010 for ANN based monitoring and thermal optimization. The measured data and calculated values are used at the design of Levenberg-Marquardt (LM) based multi-layer perceptron (MLP) in Matlab program. The results of the study are described graphically. The results show that the developed model is found to quickly predict the thermal performance and exergy destructions of the AGDHS with good accuracy. In addition, two main factors play important roles in the thermal optimization: (i) ambient temperature and (ii) flow rates in energy distribution cycle of the AGDHS. Various cases are investigated to determine how to change the energy and exergy efficiencies of the AGDHS for the temperature and flow rate. Finally, a monitoring and performance evaluation of a geothermal district heating system and its components by ANN will reduce the losses and human involvement and make the system more effective and efficient.

Ali Keeba?; ?smail Yabanova

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Experimental evaluation of radiator control based on primary supply temperature for district heating substations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we evaluate whether the primary supply temperature in district heating networks can be used to control radiator systems in buildings connected to district heating; with the purpose of increasing the ?T. The primary supply temperature in district heating systems can mostly be described as a function of outdoor temperature; similarly, the radiator supply temperature in houses, offices and industries can also be described as a function of outdoor temperature. To calibrate the radiator control system to produce an ideally optimal radiator supply temperature that produces a maximized ?T across the substation, the relationship between the primary supply temperature and outdoor temperature must be known. However, even if the relation is known there is always a deviation between the expected primary supply temperature and the actual temperature of the received distribution media. This deviation makes the radiator control system incapable of controlling the radiator supply temperature to a point that would generate a maximized ?T. Published simulation results show that it is possible and advantageous to utilize the primary supply temperature for radiator system control. In this paper, the simulation results are experimentally verified through implementation of the control method in a real district heating substation. The primary supply temperature is measured by the heat-meter and is shared with the radiator control system; thus no additional temperature sensors were needed to perform the experiments. However additional meters were installed for surveillance purposes. To maintain a stable indoor temperature at times when the primary supply and outdoor temperatures deviates from their assumed relation, the radiator system flow must be controlled by an additional control-loop. The results confirms that it is possible to control the radiator system based on the primary supply temperature while maintaining comfort; however, conclusions regarding improvements in ?T were hard to distinguish.

Jonas Gustafsson; Jerker Delsing; Jan van Deventer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Assessment of district heating and cooling supply from Goudey Generating Station  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper addresses the feasibility analysis of retrofitting the New York State Electric and Gas (NYSEG) Goudey Generating Station for district heating and cooling supply to the SUNY-Binghamton Campus. The project involved detailed analysis of the power plant retrofit, dispatch analysis of the retrofitted Goudey Station in the New York Power Pool, environmental and permitting assessment, retrofit analysis of the SUNY campus to low temperature hot water and economic analysis.

McIntire, M.E.; Hall, D.; Beal, D.J. [New York State Electric & Gas Corporation, Binghamton, NY (United States)] [and others

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Finding of No Significant Impact for the I'SOT Canby District Heating Project, Modoc County, California Final Environmental Assessment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Coiorado 80401-3393 Coiorado 80401-3393 March 7, 2003 DOEEA-1460 FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT For the IN SEARCH OF TRUTH CANBY DISTRICT HEATING PROJECT CANBY, MODOC COUNTY, CALIFORNIA AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy, Golden Field Office ACTION: Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) conducted an Environmental ,4ssessment (EA) of the In Search of Truth (I'SOT) Canby District Heating Project, Modoc County, California, to evaluate potential environmental impacts of project construction and operations for three years. DOE would provide partial fundin g, through its National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), to I'SOT for the development and field verification of a small-scale, geothermal district heating system. Local district heating projects have the potential for widespread

137

Coefficient of performance (COP) analysis of geothermal district heating systems (GDHSs): Salihli GDHS case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this survey is about to analyze the heating coefficient of performance (COP) of geothermal district heating systems. Actual system data are taken from the Salihli GDHS, Turkey. The collected data are quantified and illustrated in tables, particularly for a reference temperature for comparison purposes. In this study, firstly energy and COP analysis of the \\{GDHSs\\} is introduced and then Salihli GDHS coefficient of performance results is given as a case study. Moreover, this paper offers an interesting empirical study of certain geothermal systems.

Leyla Ozgener

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Economic analysis of exergy efficiency based control strategy for geothermal district heating system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this study, the exergy efficiency based control strategy (ExEBCS) for exergy efficiency maximization in geothermal district heating systems (GDHSs) is economically evaluated. As a real case study, the Afyon GDHS in the city of Afyonkarahisar/Turkey is considered. Its actual thermal data as of average weekly data are collected in heating seasons during the period 20062010 for artificial neural network (ANN) modeling. The ANN modeling of the Afyon GDHS is used as a test system to demonstrate the effectiveness and economic impact of the ExEBCS under various operating conditions. Then, the ExEBCS is evaluated economically in case of application to real Afyon GDHS of the ExEBCS. The results show that the initial cost for the ExEBCS is more expensive than that for the old one by 6.33kUS$/year as a result of replacing automatic controller. The saving in heat production makes the ExEBCS profitable by up to 7% of annual energy saving as a result of the increase in the heat production by 88% when the control system is operated. This results in a short payback period of 3.8years. This study confirms that the use of ExEBCS in district heating systems (especially GDHS) is quite suitable.

Ali Keeba?; ?smail Yabanova

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Energy Efficiency in Chilling Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Energy Efficiency in Chilling Plants Xin Wang????PhD. CandidateBuilding Energy Research Centre, Tsinghua University2006.10.11 2 Index ? Improve COP of chillers ? Increase load ratio? Decrease cooling water temperature? Increase chilled water...

Wang, X.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Economic assessment of geothermal district heating systems: A case study of BalcovaNarlidere, Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Geothermal energy is an important renewable energy resource in Turkey. The aim of this research is to evaluate the BalcovaNarlidere geothermal district heating system from an economic perspective. The system is the largest one in Turkey in terms of heating capacity and located in Izmir. Although there are some assessments regarding energy and exergy analysis for the BalcovaNarlidere geothermal district heating system, an economic assessment was not performed, previously. The profitability of the investment is investigated by using internal rate of return method. Seven hundred and eighty different scenarios are developed in this assessment. In order to estimate the potential cash flows in the remaining project life, operating cost in 2002 is decreased and increased, alternatively, between 5% and 30% by 5% in each step, while monthly energy utilization price is changed between US$ 17 and 72 in those scenarios. The energy utilization prices are suggested according to zero IRR value for all scenarios due to the consideration of social and environmental concerns in this investment. It is found that, the proper monthly energy utilization price for a 100m2 household would be US$ 55.5 when the operating cost and heating capacity in 2002 were remained constant.

Berkan Erdogmus; Macit Toksoy; Baris Ozerdem; Niyazi Aksoy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Assessment of district heating/cooling potential for the Frenchman's Cove redevelopment project. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study undertaken to evaluate the potential for district heating/cooling (DHC) in the City of Ecorse, Michigan is documented. the purpose of the study was to assess the concept of delivering energy from a centralized source (or several sources) through a piping network to many end users for heating domestic (tap) hot water, space heating, and space cooling. The primary focus of the study was the proposed redevelopment of eighty acres in Ecorse along the Detroit River waterfront known as Frenchman's Cove. As planned, the complete development would place nearly 2 million square feet of new, mixed use structures/facilities on the site and an eighteen acre undeveloped island located 300 feet offshore. Other areas of the city were also examined to identify and evaluate existing supply and end use possibilities. In addition, several neighboring communities were examined to determine the feasibility of downriver DHC network. Six large thermal energy producers identified in the study area include the Detroit Edison River Rouge power plant (DECo.-RR), the Wyandotte Municipal Services Commission (WMSC) power plant, a BASF/Wyandotte Corporation plant, a Marathon Oil refinery, the Great Lakes Steel complex, and the E.C. Levy Company slag processing site. Each was examined for potential as a thermal supplier on a district heating network.

Not Available

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Potential benefits of a resource-recovery facility coupled with district heating in Detroit, Michigan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The City of Detroit, Michigan, announced plans for a 2.7-Gg/d (3000-ton/d) Resource Recovery Facility to be located in the central part of the city. The facility will process and burn waste collected by the municipal forces. Steam generated in the facility's boilers will be used to produce electricity; the surplus electricity will be sold to the Detroit Edison Company. When needed by the Central Heating System (CHS), large portions of the steam can be extracted from the turbine and sold to the Detroit Edison Company. The facility will meet its primary purpose of greatly relieving Detroit's solid waste disposal problem. A second very important benefit is that it will be a source of reasonably priced steam for the CHS, which serves the downtown area. Detroit is now in a local depression, and the downtown areas have suffered urban decay. The city is focusing on the redevelopment of these areas, and a viable, cost-effective district heating system would be a major asset. Currently, the CHS is losing money, although it charges relatively high rates for steam, because it uses primarily natural gas to generate steam. The economic feasibility of converting the CHS's relatively oil boiler units to burn coal, a much cheaper fuel, is doubtful. The Resource Recovery Facility can provide CHS with a major part of its steam needs at competitive prices in the near future. This would do much to relieve the CHS's financial problems and help it to become a viable system. This, in turn, would assist the city in the redevelopment of the downtown areas. An overall strategy for district heating in Detroit is being developed. It is suggested that a comprehensive study of a regional district heating system in the city be made.

McLain, H.A.; Brinker, M.J.; Gatton, D.W.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Energetic, exergetic, economic and environmental evaluations of geothermal district heating systems: An application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study deals with an energetic and exergetic analysis as well as economic and environmental evaluations of Afyon geothermal district heating system (AGDHS) in Afyon, Turkey. In the analysis, actual system data are used to assess the district heating system performance, energy and exergy efficiencies, specific exergy index, exergetic improvement potential and exergy losses. And, for economic and environmental evaluations, actual data are obtained from the Technical Departments. The energy and exergy flow diagrams are clearly drawn to illustrate how much destructions/losses take place in addition to the inputs and outputs. For system performance analysis and improvement, both energy and exergy efficiencies of the overall AGDHS are determined to be 34.86% and 48.78%, respectively. The efficiency improvements in heat and power systems can help achieving energy security in an environmentally acceptable way by reducing the emissions that might otherwise occur. Present application has shown that in Turkey, geothermal energy is much cheaper than the other energy sources, like fossil fuels, and makes a significant contribution towards reducing the emissions of air pollution.

Ali Keeba?

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Investigation of some renewable energy and exergy parameters for two Geothermal District Heating Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, three new exergy parameters, namely total exergy destruction ratio, component exergy destruction ratio and dimensionless exergy destruction are introduced in addition to energetic renewability ratio, exergetic renewability ratio, energetic reinjection ratio and exergetic reinjection ratio, and compared for Edremit and Bigadic Geothermal District Heating Systems (GDHSs) based on their actual data. The respective daily graphs of these parameters are presented. Also, regression analyses using the actual data are performed to obtain some correlations for practical use. In brief, these parameters help us to identify the degree of renewability and other aspects and provide some insights.

C. Coskun; Z. Oktay; I. Dincer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Power Generation Using District Heat: Energy Efficient Retrofitted Plus-energy School Rostock  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Mathias-Thesen-School in Rostock/Germany is one of few schools which has been retrofitted as an Energy Plus building as part of the energy-efficient school research project EnEff:Schule sponsored by the German Ministry of Economics and Technology. The original building complex (build 1960, useful area 2200sqm) is being converted into a compact building by extending the main building with two new buildings connected by light-flooded buffer spaces. Both the existing building and the new buildings will be highly insulated. The low remaining heating demand will be covered using an innovative concept, made reasonable by the low primary energy factor of the district heat in Rostock: A small-scale Organic Rankine Cycle system generates electricity using high-temperature district heat. The excess heat of the generator is then used to heat the building via low-temperature distribution systems. In combination with two small-scale onsite wind turbines and building integrated photovoltaics a positive primary energy balance is achieved. For this balance, the development of the primary energy factors (PEF) of the German electricity mix is crucial: With rising generation from renewable energies the PEF of electricity in Germany is going to descent, leading to higher primary energy factors of cogeneration systems. In the Mathias-Thesen-School in Rostock a detailed monitoring system was installed, which has been checked and reworked for proper functioning. First measures to optimize the HVAC system and user comfort have been taken. The second construction phase will take place in 2014, after which the performance of the ORC system and the Energy Balance will be analyzed in detail.

Simon Winiger; Sebastian Herkel; Gesa Haroske

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Warren Estates-Manzanita Estates Reno, Nevada residential geothermal district heating system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Warren Estates-Manzanita Estates is the largest privately-owned and operated residential geothermal district heating system in the State of Nevada. The system has operated for ten years and presently services 95 homes. Geothermal energy is used to heat homes, domestic water, spas, swimming pools, and greenhouses. Four homes have installed driveway deicing systems using geothermal energy. This paper briefly describes the geothermal resource, wells, system engineering, operation, applications, and economics. The accompanying posters illustrate the geothermal area, system design, and various applications. The resource is part of the Moana geothermal field, located in southwest Reno. Excluding the Warren-Manzanita Estates, the well-known Moana field supports nearly 300 geothermal wells that supply fluids to individual residences, several motels, a garden nursery, a few churches, and a municipal swimming pool. The Warren-Manzanita Estates is ideally suited for residential district space heating because the resource is shallow, moderate-temperature, and chemically benign. The primary reservoir rock is the Kate Peak andesite, a Tertiary volcanic lahar that has excellent permeability within the narrow fault zones that bisect the property. The Kate Peak formation is overlain by impermeable Tertiary lake sediments and alluvium. Two production wells, each about 240 m deep, are completed near the center of the residential development at the intersection of two fault zones. Geothermal fluids are pumped at a rate of 15 to 25 l/s (260-400 gpm) from one of two wells at a temperature of 95{degrees}C (202{degrees}F) to two flat-plate heat exchangers. The heat exchangers transfer energy from the geothermal fluids to a second fluid, much like a binary geothermal power plant.

McKay, F.; McKay, G.; McKay, S.; Flynn, T. [McKay Pump and Drilling, Reno, NV (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

147

District heating and cooling feasibility study for Dover, Delaware: Final report (September 2, 1986-May 31, 1988)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following is a general description of the Burns and Roe study for Dover, Delaware. The study assesses the feasibility of district heating in Dover, Delaware, and develops a conceptual district heating system. The system would use the McKee Run Station, and a new boiler plant as the heat source, and the area surrounding the plant and the legislative areas as the heat load. The study assesses the available heat load for the city, determines the available heat from the McKee Run Station, and develops a conceptual distribution network and system implementation plan. The study analyzes the environmental impacts, institutional issues, and project economics of the conceptual system. 24 figs., 26 tabs.

Not Available

1988-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

148

Energetic and economic evaluations of geothermal district heating systems by using ANN  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes an artificial neural network (ANN) technique as a new approach to evaluate the energy input, losses, output, efficiency, and economic optimization of a geothermal district heating system (GDHS). By using ANN, an energetic analysis is evaluated on the Afyon geothermal district heating system (AGDHS) located in the city of Afyonkarahisar, Turkey. Promising results are obtained about the economic evaluation of that system. This has been used to determine if the existing system is operating at its optimal level, and will provide information about the optimal design and profitable operation of the system. The results of the study show that the ANN model used for the prediction of the energy performance of the AGDHS has good statistical performance values: a correlation coefficient of 0.9983 with minimum RMS and MAPE values. The total cost for the AGDHS is profitable when the PWF is higher than 7.9. However, the PWF of the AGDHS was found to be 1.43 for the given values. As a result, while installing a GDHS, one should take into account the influences of the PWF, ambient temperature and flow rate on the total costs of the system in any location where it is to be established.

Ali Keeba?; Mehmet Ali Alkan; ?smail Yabanova; Mehmet Yumurtac?

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Accumulated CFC-11 in polyurethane foam insulation: an estimate of the total amount in district heating installations in Sweden  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In rigid polyurethane foam used for thermal insulation, CFC-11 has been the main blowing agent for many years, but is now subject to phase-out regulations. During ageing of this foam, air diffuses into it and blowing agents leak into the atmosphere, resulting in a decreased insulating capacity. Determinations of the cell gas composition and the total content of CFC-11 in foam from district heating installations of different ages are reported in this paper. The total amount of CFC-11 in old district heating schemes in Sweden is estimated at 2000 tonnes. The amount in refrigeration equipment in Sweden is about twice as large.

M. Svanstrom

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Exergoeconomic analysis of a district heating system for geothermal energy using specific exergy cost method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study presents the exergoeconomic analysis and evaluation in order to provide cost based information and suggests possible locations/components in a GDHS (geothermal district heating system) for improving the cost effectiveness. The analysis is based on the SPECO (specific exergy costing) method, and used to calculate exergy-related parameters and display cost flows for all streams and components. As a real case study, the Afyon GDHS in Turkey is considered based on actual operational data. The obtained results show that the unit exergy cost of heat produced by the Afyon GDHS is calculated as average 5624$/h. The HEX (heat exchanger)-III among all components should be improved quickly due to the high total operating cost rate and relative cost difference. The HEX-I and PM (pump)-V have the highest exergoeconomic factors among all other system components due to the high owning and operating costs of these components. The heat production costs per exergy unit for all the \\{HEXs\\} decrease due to the high exergy destruction cost rate of the system, while the well head temperature and ambient temperature increase. The SPECO method may be used to improve the cost effectiveness according to exergy rates in \\{GDHSs\\} as a thermal system.

Mehmet Ali Alkan; Ali Keeba?; Nurettin Yamankaradeniz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Applying DDC and VFD to Central Chilled Water Plants for Profits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that was first placed in operation during the Fall of 1973 and has continuously operated since that time. The original plant produced steam for heating and for chilled water generation via condensing turbine type centrifugal chiller drives. Its original... DDC controller having the following inputs and outputs: 1. leaving chilled water temperature 2. the temperature differential between the leaving chilled water and the leaving condenser water 3. the surface temperatures of the parall,el service...

Utesch, A. L.

152

I'SOT Canby District Heating Project, Modoc County, California Final Environmental Assessment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

March 17, 2003 Dear Stakeholder: SUBJECT: NOTICE OF AVAILABILITY OF FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF THE PROPOSED IN SEARCH OF TRUTH CANBY DISTRICT HEATING PROJECT, MODOC COUNTY, CALIFORNIA (DOE/EA 1460) The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Golden Field Office (GO) has issued the final Environmental Assessment (EA) and a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) for the subject geothermal project. These documents are available online in the GO electronic reading room at www.golden.doe.gov. Copies of the documents can be obtained by contacting Steve Blazek at the address and telephone number listed below. GO has prepared the final EA and FONSI in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and DOE's NEPA implementation guidance.

153

Comparing advanced exergetic assessments of two geothermal district heating systems for residential buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Advanced exergy analysis method has been increasingly utilized in analyzing and assessing the performance of energy-related systems in recent years due to more deeply investigating the exergy destructions. In this study, two various geothermal district heating systems (GDHSs), the Afyon and Bigadi GDHSs, which have been operated in Turkey, were considered to perform their advanced exergy analyses and assessments. The \\{GDHSs\\} studied were also compared with each other for the first time in terms of advanced exergetic aspects. In the analyses and calculations of the GDHS, the actual operational data obtained from the measurements and technical staff were utilized. The overall conventional and advanced exergetic efficiency values for the Afyon GDHS are determined to be 27.53% and 34.72% while those for the Bigadi GDHS are obtained to be 21.03% and 32.52%, respectively. Considering both the interactions among components and the potential for improving components, more effective and efficient improvement priorities were proposed.

Ali Keeba?; Can Coskun; Zuhal Oktay; Arif Hepbasli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

District heating/cooling potential in New York City. phase 1. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New York City through its Energy Office has identified and evaluated the technical and economic feasibility of district heating and cooling at three locations: Brooklyn Navy Yard, Kings County Medical Complex, and the S.W. Brooklyn Incinerator. Of these the Navy Yard has the most immediate potential for implementation. The Navy Yard has an extensive steam and electrical system that has not been used since the Navy turned most of the property over to New York City more than a decade ago. By remodeling several of the smaller boilers still in place or purchasing new boilers, an ample supply of steam and hot water can be produced. The steam will be used for heating and industrial process for the industrial tenants now occupying the former yards. Hot water will be sold to the New York City Housing Authority to heat between 3,500 and 5,000 nearby public housing units operated by the authority. Electricity will be cogenerated using present generators that will be overhauled. It is expected that some of the electricity will be used directly to supply power to a planned nearby Red Hook Sewage Treatment plant, while most will be sold to the industrial tenants of the Navy Yard. Studies will continue to determine the best market for excess power.

McLoughlin, G.T.; Kuo, R.P.; Karol, J.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Energetic and exergetic performance investigation of the Bigadic Geothermal District Heating System in Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study a comprehensive performance analysis of the Bigadic Geothermal District Heating System (GDHS) in Balikesir, Turkey is performed through thermodynamic assessment in terms of energy and exergy efficiencies. The actual thermal data taken from the Technical Department of the GDHS are utilized in the analysis to determine the exergy destructions in each component of the system and the overall energy and exergy efficiencies of the system for two reference temperatures taken as 15.6C for November (e.g., case 1) and 11C for December (e.g., case 2). The energy and exergy flow diagrams are clearly drawn to illustrate how much destructions/losses take place in addition to the inputs and outputs. The average energy and exergy efficiencies are found to be 30% and 36% for case 1, and 40% and 49% for case 2, respectively. The key reason as to why the exergy efficiencies are higher is because the heat recovery option is used through the reinjection processes which make use of waste heat. A parametric study is also conducted to show how energy and exergy flows change with the environment temperature. The results are expected to be helpful to researchers and engineers in the area.

Z. Oktay; C. Coskun; I. Dincer

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

District Cooling Using Central Tower Power Plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract During the operation of solar power towers there are occasions, commonly in the summer season, where some of the heliostats have to stop focusing at the central receiver, located at the top of the tower, because the maximum temperature that the receiver can withstand has been reached. The highest demands of cooling for air conditioning take place at these same occasions. In the present paper, we have analyzed the possibility of focusing the exceeding heliostats to the receiver increasing the mass flow rate of the heat transfer fluid over the nominal value and using the extra heat as a source of an absorption chiller. The chilled water would be used to cool buildings and offices, using a district cooling network. Using the extra heat of the solar power tower plant would greatly reduce the electricity usage. In this work we have analyzed the case of a circular field of heliostats focusing at a circular receiver, such as the case of Gemasolar plant. We have quantified the thermal power that can be obtained from the unused heliostats, the cooling capacity of the absorption system as well as the heat losses through the insulated pipes that distribute the chilled water to the buildings of the network.

C. Marugn-Cruz; S. Snchez-Delgado; M.R. Rodrguez-Snchez; M. Venegas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Effect of reference state on the exergoeconomic evaluation of geothermal district heating systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The exergy cost structure of the geothermal district heating system (GDHS) is investigated by using an exergoeconomic method called as the modified productive structure analysis (MOPSA). A parametric study is also conducted to show how exergy cost flow rates change with the reference state (ambient temperature). As a comprehensive case study, the Afyon GDHS in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey is considered. The actual thermal data taken from the technical staffs as 2.3C for January (case 1) and 10.2C for February (case 2), 2010 in 100% load condition are collected for this study. Mechanical and thermal exergy flow rates, entropy production rates and exergy cost flow rates for each component in the Afyon GDHS are calculated using these two actual data sets. The results show that the exergy efficiencies of the overall system for these two cases are found to be 25.34% and 22.78%, respectively. And, the largest exergy cost loss occurs in the heat exchangers with 52.49% and 64.91% for cases 1 and 2, respectively. The unit exergy costs are found as cP>cT>cS>cQ for the actual data sets in each case. In addition, ambient temperature has a big impact on the exergies and costs of GDHSs.

Ali Keeba?

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Testing residential energy pricing in the Krakow, Poland, municipal district heat system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While understanding of the operation of the price and rebate mechanism may be imperfect in the United States, in Poland most of the necessary infrastructure simply does not exist. Of all the former Soviet-bloc countries, Poland has moved the quickest to a market economy; however, the stresses have been and continue to be significant, particularly on the pensioned. The energy sector of the economy is still centrally planned while the legal framework for a transition to a regulated market is created. Some utilities have made more rapid progress than others in the transition. This paper describes the first year of an experiment involving design, implementation, and analysis of a pilot pricing, conservation, and heating system control experiment in 264 apartments in four buildings. The results--and experience in the United States--will be used to guide the pricing decisions of the municipal district heat utility and the conservation and air quality strategies of the Krakow development authority. Development of a price incentive strategy involved considerations of public policy toward fixed-income occupants and ownership of energy metering. Thermostats were installed to permit occupant control, and building-level conservation and control techniques were implemented. Physical constraints required the use of German ``cost allocator`` metering technology at the apartment level. Final subsidy or ``pseudo-pricing`` design included-building-level incentives as well as apartment performance inducements. Results include insights on communication and cultural impacts and guidance for future testing as well as energy conservation effectiveness values.

Wisnewski, R.; Reeves, G. [George Reeves Associates, Inc., Lake Hopatcong, NJ (United States); Markiewicz, J. [Fundacja na Rzecz Efektywnego Wykorzystania Energii w Krakowie, Krakow (Poland)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Exergoeconomic analysis of the Gonen geothermal district heating system for buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an application of an exergoeconomic model, through exergy and cost accounting analyses, to the Gonen geothermal district heating system (GDHS) in Balikesir, Turkey for the entire system and its components. This exergoeconomic model is used to reveal the cost formation process and the productive interaction between components. The exergy destructions in the overall Gonen GDHS are quantified and illustrated for a reference temperature of 4C. The results indicate that the exergy destructions in the system occur primarily as a result of losses in the cooled geothermal water injected back into the reservoir, pumps, heat exchangers, and pipelines. Total exergy destruction and reinjection exergy of the cooled geothermal water result in 1010kW (accounting for 32.49%), 320.3kW (accounting for 10%) of the total exergy input to the Gonen GDHS, respectively. Both energy and exergy efficiencies of the overall Gonen GDHS are also investigated to analyze the system performance, as these efficiencies are determined to be 42% and 50%, respectively. It is found that an increase of the load condition leads to a decrease in the overall thermal costs, which will result in more cost-effective energy systems for buildings.

Z. Oktay; I. Dincer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Performance and thermo-economic assessments of geothermal district heating system: A case study in Afyon, Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study energy, exergy and exergoeconomic analysis of the Afyon geothermal district heating system (AGDHS) in Afyon, Turkey is performed through thermodynamic performances and thermo-economic assessments. In the analysis, actual system data are used to assess the district heating system performance, energy and exergy efficiencies, exergy losses and loss cost rates. Energy and exergy losses throughout the AGDHS are quantified and illustrated in the flow diagram. The energy and exergy efficiencies of the overall system are found to be 37.59% and 47.54%, respectively. The largest exergy loss occurs in the heat exchangers with 14.59% and then in the reinjection wells with 14.09%. Besides, thermo-economic evaluations of the AGDHS are given in table. Energy and exergy loss rates for the AGDHS are estimated to be 5.36kW/$ and 0.2 kW/$, respectively.

Ali Keeba?

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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161

Operation and performance of a 350 kW (100 RT) single-effect/double-lift absorption chiller in a district heating network  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The efficiency of combined heat, power, and cold production in total energy systems could be improved significantly if absorption chillers were available that could be driven with limited mass flows of low-temperature hot water. In the case of district heat-driven air conditioning, for example, currently available standard absorption chillers are often not applied because they cannot provide the low hot water return temperature and the specific cooling capacity per unit hot water mass flow that are required by many district heating networks. Above all, a drastic increase in the size of the machine (total heat exchanger area) due to low driving temperature differences if of concern in low-temperature applications. A new type of multistage lithium bromide/water absorption chiller has been developed for the summertime operating conditions of district heating networks. It provides large cooling of the district heating water (some 30 K) and large cooling capacity per unit hot water mass flow. Two pilot plants of this novel absorption chiller were designed within the framework of a joint project sponsored by the German Federal Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Technology (BMBF), a consortium of 15 district heating utilities, and two manufacturers. The plants have been operated since summer 1996 in the district heating networks of Berlin and Duesseldorf. This paper describes the concept, installation, and control strategy of the two pilot plants, and it surveys the performance and operating experience of the plants under varying practical conditions.

Schweigler, C.J.; Preissner, M.; Demmel, S.; Hellmann, H.M.; Ziegler, F.F. [ZAE Bayern, Garching/Munich (Germany)

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Optimization of Chilled Water Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the absorption chiller has the least increase in COP per degree change in supply water. METHODS OF IMPLEMENTATION Using Space Conditions. (Figure 2). By evaluating the performance of all the cooling coils through a selector switch, then establishing.....::::.....L-...L-....L..-...L..-+--"""---.L.--"----"------1 15~--1---~-+---+---+---+-7' Reciprocating Absorption 40 c Leaving chIlled water temperature - C F Fig. 1 Effect of chilled water temperature on chiller coefficient of performance Using Return Water Temperature. (Figure 3). This method...

Gidwani, B. N.

163

Reduction in air emissions attainable through implementation of district heating and cooling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

District heating and cooling (DHC) can provide multiple opportunities to reduce air emissions associated with space conditioning and electricity generation, which contribute 30% to 50% of all such emissions. When DHC is combined with cogeneration (CHP), maximum reductions in sulfur oxides (SO{sub x}), nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}), carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), particulates, and ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) refrigerants can most effectively be achieved. Although significant improvements in air quality have been documented in Europe and Scandinavia due to DHC and CHP implementation, accurately predicting such improvements has been difficult. Without acceptable quantification methods, regulatory bodies are reluctant to grant air emissions credits, and local community leaders are unwilling to invest in DHC and CHP as preferred methods of providing energy or strategies for air quality improvement. The recent development and release of a number of computer models designed specifically to provide quantification of air emissions that can result from DHC and CHP implementation should help provide local, state, and national policymakers with information vital to increasing support and investment in DHC development.

Bloomquist, R.G. [Washington State Energy Office, Olympia, WA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

164

Effects of different operating conditions of Gonen geothermal district heating system on its annual performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, the effects of different operating conditions of the Gonen geothermal district heating system (GDHS) on its annual energy and exergy performance are investigated. The system parameters such as temperature, pressure and flow rate are monitored by using fixed and portable measuring instruments over a one-year period. Thus the main differences in the annual system operation are detected. The measurements show that the Gonen GDHS has six different operating cases depending on the outside temperature throughout the year. The energy and exergy analysis of the system is carried out for each case using the actual system parameters at the corresponding reference temperatures, which are 3.86, 7.1, 8.88, 11.83, 15.26 and 20.4C. The highest and lowest energy (57.32%, 35.64%) and exergy (55.76%, 41.42%) efficiencies of the overall system are calculated at the reference temperatures of 15.26C and 3.86C, respectively. Besides, taking the six case-based energy and exergy analyses into account, the annual average energy and exergy efficiencies are determined to be 45.24% and 47.33%, respectively.

Asiye Aslan; Bedri Yksel; Tu?rul Akyol

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

An economic comparison and evaluation of two geothermal district heating systems for advanced exergoeconomic analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper refers to an economic comparison and evaluation of two geothermal district heating systems (GDHSs) under same reference state condition and mechanic/economic parameters by using an advanced exergoeconomic analysis. In this analysis, costs of investment and exergy destruction of each component for the thermal systems such as the Afyon and Sarayky \\{GDHSs\\} were split into endogenous/exogenous and unavoidable/avoidable parts, and were also compared with each other for the first time. The results obtained show that the advanced exergoeconomic analysis makes the information more accurate and useful, and supplies additional information that cannot be provided by the conversional analysis. Furthermore, the Afyon GDHS can be made more cost effectiveness, removing the system components irreversibilities, technical-economic limitations, and poorly chosen manufacturing methods, according to the Sarayky GDHS. The majority of the components in the Sarayky GDHS are to operate more economically than those in the Afyon GDHS. As a result, the usefulness of this method was clearly demonstrated comparing both the systems.

P?nar Keeba?; Harun Gkgedik; Mehmet Ali Alkan; Ali Keeba?

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Thermodynamic and economic evaluations of a geothermal district heating system using advanced exergy-based methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, a geothermal district heating system (GDHS) is comparatively evaluated in terms of thermodynamic and economic aspects using advanced exergy-based methods to identify the potential for improvement, the interactions among system components, and the direction and potential for energy savings. The actual operational data are taken from the Sarayky GDHS, Turkey. In the advanced exergetic and exergoeconomic analyses, the exergy destruction and the total operating cost within each component of the system are split into endogenous/exogenous and unavoidable/avoidable parts. The advantages of these analyses over conventional ones are demonstrated. The results indicate that the advanced exergy-based method is a more meaningful and effective tool than the conventional one for system performance evaluation. The exergetic efficiency and the exergoeconomic factor of the overall system for the Sarayky GDHS were determined to be 43.72% and 5.25% according to the conventional tools and 45.06% and 12.98% according to the advanced tools. The improvement potential and the total cost-savings potential of the overall system were also determined to be 2.98% and 14.05%, respectively. All of the pumps have the highest improvement potential and total cost-savings potential because the pumps were selected to have high power during installation at the Sarayky GDHS.

Mehmet Tan; Ali Keeba?

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Extension and improvement of Central Station District heating budget period 1 and 2, Krakow Clean Fossil Fuels and Energy Efficiency Program. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Project aim was to reduce pollution levels in the City of Krakow through the retirement of coal-fired (hand and mechanically-stoked) boiler houses. This was achieved by identifying attractive candidates and connecting them to the Krakow district heating system, thus permitting them to eliminate boiler operations. Because coal is less costly than district hot water, the district heating company Miejskie Przedsiebiorstwo Energetyki Cieplnej S.A., henceforth identified as MPEC, needed to provide potential customers with incentives for purchasing district heat. These incentives consisted of offerings which MPEC made to the prospective client. The offerings presented the economic and environmental benefits to district heating tie-in and also could include conservation studies of the facilities, so that consumption of energy could be reduced and the cost impact on operations mitigated. Because some of the targeted boiler houses were large, the capacity of the district heating network required enhancement at strategic locations. Consequently, project construction work included both enhancement to the district piping network as well as facility tie-ins. The process of securing new customers necessitated the strengthening of MPEC`s competitive position in Krakow`s energy marketplace, which in turn required improvements in marketing, customer service, strategic planning, and project management. Learning how US utilities address these challenges became an integral segment of the project`s scope.

NONE

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Retrofitting the Strogino district heat supply station with construction of a 260-MW combined-cycle power plant (Consisting of two PGU-130 combined-cycle power units)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The retrofitting carried out at the Strogino district heat supply station and the specific features of works accomplished in the course of constructing the thermal power station based on a combined-cycle power pl...

V. F. Aleksandrov

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Differential rates for district heating and the influence on the optimal retrofit strategy for multi-family buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When renovating existing multi-family buildings it is very important to implement the best retrofit strategy possible in order to minimize the remaining life-cycle cost for the building. If the building is heated with district heating this strategy of course changes due to the energy rate used by the utility. It is also very important for the utility that the consumer is encouraged to save energy when there is a need for it, i.e. during peak load conditions. Our paper shows that an accurate cost differential rate provides all these facilities.

Stig-Inge Gustafsson; Bjrn G. Karlsson; Bertil H. Sjholm

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

District Energy Technologies | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

through the centralized system. District energy systems often operate with combined heat and power (CHP) and waste heat recovery technologies. Learn more about district...

171

Community Renewable Energy Success Stories Webinar: District...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

District Heating with Renewable Energy (text version) Community Renewable Energy Success Stories Webinar: District Heating with Renewable Energy (text version) Below is the text...

172

A comparative study on substation types and network layouts in connection with low-energy district heating systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study deals with low-energy District Heating (DH) networks operating in low temperatures such as 55C in terms of supply and 25C in terms of return. The network layout, additional booster pumps, and different substation types such as storage tanks either equipped or not equipped in domestic hot water production site were examined. Effects of booster pumps on pipe dimensions in the latter case were investigated. Temperature drops during the summer months due to low heat demands of consumers were explored. Use of approaches such as looped networks and branched network layouts with bypasses for end-consumers were also studied, heat loss from these networks and the drop in temperature in the heat-carrier-supply medium being compared.

Hakan ?brahim Tol; Svend Svendsen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Commissioning Process and Operational Improvement in the District Heating and Cooling-APCBC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-09-25 Proceedings of the 14th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Beijing, China, September 14-17, 2014 18 Energy simulation In case of the variable cooling water flow system, the cooling water outlet temperature should be a parameter...,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 2012/10/072012/10/28 2012/11/18 2012/12/09 2012/12/30 2/24 ? 3/2 C o n su m ed e le ct ri ci ty p er h ea t u n it [ k W h /G J ] Variable water flow control Cooling tower fun Chilled...

Takase,T.; Takada,O; Shima,K.; Moriya, M.; Shimoda,Y.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

City of Vineland, New Jersey district heating/cooling feasibility study: Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study assesses the available heat load, determines the available heat from the heat sources, develops a distribution network, develops a system implementation plan, assesses the environmental impacts, addresses institutional issues, and analyzes the economics of the conceptual system.

Not Available

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Practical Solar Thermal Chilled Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the potential to impact America's use of non-renewable energy beyond its own design capacity by applying it to the optimization of an existing building's system. Solar-thermal chilling systems are not new. However, few of them can be described as a practical...

Leavell, B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.3 Heating, Cooling, and Ventilation Equipment  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

2 2 Main Commercial Heating and Cooling Equipment as of 1995, 1999, and 2003 (Percent of Total Floorspace) (1) Heating Equipment 1995 1999 2003 (2) Cooling Equipment 1995 1999 2003 (2) Packaged Heating Units 29% 38% 28% Packaged Air Conditioning Units 45% 54% 46% Boilers 29% 29% 32% Individual Air Conditioners 21% 21% 19% Individual Space Heaters 29% 26% 19% Central Chillers 19% 19% 18% Furnaces 25% 21% 30% Residential Central Air Conditioners 16% 12% 17% Heat Pumps 10% 13% 14% Heat Pumps 12% 14% 14% District Heat 10% 8% 8% District Chilled Water 4% 4% 4% Other 11% 6% 5% Swamp Coolers 4% 3% 2% Other 2% 2% 2% Note(s): Source(s): 1) Heating and cooling equipment percentages of floorspace total more than 100% since equipment shares floorspace. 2) Malls are no longer included in most CBECs tables; therefore, some data is not directly comparable to past CBECs.

177

Determination of optimum pipe diameter along with energetic and exergetic evaluation of geothermal district heating systems: Modeling and application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study deals with determination of optimum pipe diameters based on economic analysis and the performance analysis of geothermal district heating systems along with pipelines using energy and exergy analysis methods. In this regard, the Dikili geothermal district heating system (DGDHS) in Izmir, Turkey is taken as an application place, to which the methods presented here are applied with some assumptions. The system mainly consists of three cycles, namely (i) the transportation network, (ii) the Danistay region, and (iii) the Bariskent region. The thermal capacities of these regions are 21,025 and 7975kW, respectively, while the supply (flow) and return temperature values of those are 80 and 50C, respectively. Based upon the assessment of the transportation network using the optimum diameter analysis method, minimum cost is calculated to be US$ 561856.906year?1 for a nominal diameter of DN 300. The exergy destructions in the overall DGDHS are quantified and illustrated using exergy flow diagram. Furthermore, both energy and exergy flow diagrams are exhibited for comparison purposes. It is observed through analysis that the exergy destructions in the system particularly take place due to the exergy of the thermal water (geothermal fluid) reinjected, the heat exchanger losses, and all pumps losses, accounting for 38.77%, 10.34%, 0.76% of the total exergy input to the DGDHS. Exergy losses are also found to be 201.12817kW and 1.94% of the total exergy input to the DGDHS for the distribution network. For the system performance analysis and improvement, both energy and exergy efficiencies of the overall DGDHS are investigated, while they are determined to be 40.21% and 50.12%, respectively.

Yildiz Kalinci; Arif Hepbasli; Ismail Tavman

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Thermodynamic evaluation of the Afyon geothermal district heating system by using neural network and neuro-fuzzy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, energy and exergy analysis of the Afyon geothermal district heating system (AGDHS) in Afyon, Turkey using artificial neural network (ANN) and adaptive neuro-fuzzy (ANFIS) methods is carried out. Actual system data in the analysis of the AGDHS are used. The results of ANN are compared with ANFIS in which the same data sets are used. ANN model is slightly better than ANFIS in determining the energy and exergy rates. In addition, new formulations obtained from ANN are presented for the determination of the energy and exergy rates of the AGDHS. The R2-values obtained when unknown data were used in the networks were 0.999999847 and 0.99999997 for the energy and exergy rates respectively, which are very satisfactory.

Arzu ?encan ?ahin; Hilmi Yaz?c?

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

A comparative study on conventional and advanced exergetic analyses of geothermal district heating systems based on actual operational data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper comparatively evaluates exergy destructions of a geothermal district heating system (GDHS) using both conventional and advanced exergetic analysis methods to identify the potential for improvement and the interactions among the components. As a real case study, the Afyon GDHS in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, is considered based on actual operational data. For the first time, advanced exergetic analysis is applied to the GDHSs, in which the exergy destruction rate within each component is split into unavoidable/avoidable and endogenous/exogenous parts. The results indicate that the interconnections among all the components are not very strong. Thus, one should focus on how to reduce the internal inefficiency (destruction) rates of the components. The highest priority for improvement in the advanced exergetic analysis is in the re-injection pump (PM-IX), while it is the heat exchanger (HEX-III) in the conventional analysis. In addition, there is a substantial influence on the overall system as the total avoidable exergy destruction rate of the heat exchanger (HEX-V) has the highest value. On the overall system basis, the value for the conventional exergetic efficiency is determined to be 29.29% while that for the modified exergetic efficiency is calculated to be 34.46% through improving the overall components.

Arif Hepbasli; Ali Keeba?

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

User manual for GEOCITY: a computer model for cost analysis of geothermal district-heating-and-cooling systems. Volume II. Appendices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this model is to calculate the costs of residential space heating, space cooling, and sanitary water heating or process heating (cooling) using geothermal energy from a hydrothermal reservoir. The model can calculate geothermal heating and cooling costs for residential developments, a multi-district city, or a point demand such as an industrial factory or commercial building. Volume II contains all the appendices, including cost equations and models for the reservoir and fluid transmission system and the distribution system, descriptions of predefined residential district types for the distribution system, key equations for the cooling degree hour methodology, and a listing of the sample case output. Both volumes include the complete table of contents and lists of figures and tables. In addition, both volumes include the indices for the input parameters and subroutines defined in the user manual.

Huber, H.D.; Fassbender, L.L.; Bloomster, C.H.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

District heating and cooling systems for communities through power plant retrofit distribution network. Phase 2. Final report, March 1, 1980-January 31, 1984. Volume IV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This volume contains the following: discussion of cost estimating methodology, detailed cost estimates of Hudson No. 2 retrofit, intermediate thermal plant (Kearny No. 12) and local heater plants; transmission and distribution cost estimate; landfill gas cost estimate; staged development scenarios; economic evaluation; fuel use impact; air quality impact; and alternatives to district heating.

Not Available

1984-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

182

Energy efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions reduction opportunities in district heating source in Tianjin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Building a trading market can promote energy conservation provided that the trading method is determined. Energy consumption for heat supply is huge. Tianjin Municipal Government is planning to establish an energ...

Gaofeng Chen; Xuejing Zheng; Lin Cong

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Analysis of an alternate method of beef carcass chilling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

con- vective heat transfer coefficients for beef carcass chilling. Hodgson (1966) reported that at air velocities greater than 200 fpm, h may be calculated as h = 0, 13 V ' where V 0. 5 is the air velocity in ft/min (h in Btu/hr-ft ? F) . Federov 2... o c et al. (1972) reports h = $. 8?? for V = 35'? fpm and h 1 . 76 for V = 59 fpm, These values are about 50'$ higher than those calculated with the preceding equation. Kopelman et al. ( 1967) described a procedure for determining surface heat...

Schneider, Kirk Christian

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

184

Decoupled Modeling of Chilled Water Cooling Coils Using a Finite Element Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

&M University Abstract Chilled water cooling coils are important components in air handling unit systems. Generally the cooling coil removes both moisture and sensible heat from entering air. Since the sensible and latent heat transfer modes are coupled... and the saturation humidity ratio vs. temperature curve on the psychrometric chart is non-linear, it is very difficult to solve cooling coil heat transfer differential equations across the entire coil. However, the sensible and latent heat transfer modes can...

Wang, G.; Liu, M.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Using Simulation Models for District Chilled Water Distribution Systems Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the design. The focus of this paper is to demonstrate how the using of the computerized simulation model can give the engineer the ability to explore many more alternative design scenarios and to identify more cost-effective and robust designs. The University...

Chen, Q.; Xu, C.; Deng, S.; Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

DistrictHeating Nuevasaladecalderasydistribucin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ EMISIONES SOx=0% - BAJA EMISI?N NOx y ahorro de emisiones de 202 Ton CO2/año. - Mejora paisajística del

Fraguela, Basilio B.

187

Effects of boosting the supply temperature on pipe dimensions of low-energy district heating networks: A case study in Gladsaxe, Denmark  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a method for the dimensioning of the low-energy District Heating (DH) piping networks operating with a control philosophy of supplying heat in low-temperature such as 55C in supply and 25C in return regularly while the supply temperature levels are being boosted in cold winter periods. The performance of the existing radiators that were formerly sized with over-dimensions was analyzed, its results being used as input data for the performance evaluation of the piping network of the low-energy DH system operating with the control philosophy in question. The optimization method was performed under different mass flow limitations that were formed with various temperature configurations. The results showed that reduction in the mass flow rate requirement of a district is possible by increasing the supply temperature in cold periods with significant reduction in heat loss from the DH network. Sensitivity analysis was carried out in order to evaluate the area of applicability of the proposed method. Hence varied values of the original capacity and the current capacity of the existing radiators were evaluated with the design temperature values that were defined by two former radiator sizing standards.

Hakan ?. Tol; Svend Svendsen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

District heating and cooling systems for communities through power plant retrofit distribution network, Phase 2. Final report, March 1, 1980-January 31, 1984. Volume 5, Appendix A  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This volume contains the backup data for the portion of the load and service assessment in Section 2, Volume II of this report. This includes: locations of industrial and commercial establishments, locations of high rise buildings, data from the Newark (Essex County) Directory of Business, data from the Hudson County Industrial Directory, data from the N. J. Department of Energy Inventory of Public Buildings, data on commercial and industrial establishments and new developments in the Hackensack Meadowlands, data on urban redevelopment and Operation Breakthrough, and list of streets in the potential district heating areas of Newark/Harrison and Jersey City/Hoboken.

Not Available

1984-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

189

Empire District Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Empire District Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Empire District Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Empire District Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate < Back Eligibility Construction Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Construction Design & Remodeling Other Ventilation Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info State Missouri Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount ENERGY STAR Home Performance Retrofit: 400 ENERGY STAR Qualified Home Designation: 800 Air Conditioner: 400 - 500; varies depending on SEER rating Provider Empire District Electric Company The Empire District Electric Company offers rebates for customers who

190

Chilling injury in selected cucumber cultivars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be the major site of ACC accumulation (59). 14 MATERIALS AND METHODS Plant Materials and Culture ~23 t 1 Cucumber fruit (cv 'Poinsett', 'Super Slice', 'Centurion' and 'Guardian') were grown in a greenhouse during the fall season, 1982, harvested at a... represents the mean of six replications. 19 RESULTS Experiment 1 Eth lene evolution Cucumber fruit varieties 'Poinsett' and 'Centurion' were significantly higher in ethylene evolution than 'Super Slice' and 'Guardian' when chilled at 2 C. A11 0...

Kent, Matthew Wayne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

191

District heating and cooling systems for communities through power plant retrofit distribution network, Phase 2. Final report, 1 March 1980-31 January 1984. Volume II  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This volume begins with an Introduction summarizing the history, methodology and scope of the study, the project team members and the private and public groups consulted in the course of the study. The Load and Service Area Assessment follows, including: a compilation and analysis of existing statistical thermal load data from census data, industrial directories, PSE and G records and other sources; an analysis of responses to a detailed, 4-page thermal load questionnaire; data on public buildings and fuel and energy use provided by the New Jersey Dept. of Energy; and results of other customer surveys conducted by PSE and G. A discussion of institutional questions follows. The general topic of rates is then discussed, including a draft hypothetical Tariff for Thermal Services. Financial considerations are discussed including a report identifying alternative ownership/financing options for district heating systems and the tax implications of these options. Four of these options were then selected by PSE and G and a financial (cash-flow) analysis done (by the PSE and G System Planning Dept.) in comparison with a conventional heating alternative. Year-by-year cost of heat ($/10/sup 6/ Btu) was calculated and tabulated, and the various options compared.

Not Available

1984-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

192

Property Assessed Clean Energy Financing (District of Columbia) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Property Assessed Clean Energy Financing (District of Columbia) Property Assessed Clean Energy Financing (District of Columbia) Property Assessed Clean Energy Financing (District of Columbia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Other Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Construction Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Solar Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type PACE Financing Provider District Department of the Environment The District of Columbia offers a commercial Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) program. In order to receive financing through the commercial PACE

193

International District Energy Association | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

International District Energy Association International District Energy Association International District Energy Association November 1, 2013 - 11:40am Addthis International District Energy Association logo Since its formation in 1909, the International District Energy Association (IDEA) has served as a principal industry advocate and management resource for owners, operators, developers, and suppliers of district heating and cooling systems in cities, campuses, bases, and healthcare facilities. Today, with over 1,400 members in 26 countries, IDEA continues to organize high-quality technical conferences that inform, connect, and advance the industry toward higher energy efficiency and lower carbon emissions through innovation and investment in scalable sustainable solutions. With the support of DOE, IDEA

194

Improve Chilled Water System Performance, Software Tools for Industry, Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes how the Industrial Technologies Program Chilled Water System Analysis Tool (CWSAT) can help optimize the performance of of industrial chilled water systems.

Not Available

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

District of Columbia | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

United States » District of Columbia United States » District of Columbia District of Columbia October 16, 2013 Vera Irrigation District #15 - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Vera Irrigation District #15 offers rebates to electric customers who improve energy efficiency. Rebates are available for water heaters, windows, heat pumps, clothes washer, duct sealing and appliance recycling. Certain efficiency standards must be met in order to receive a rebate for water heaters or windows. Vera Irrigation District also provides a $450 rebate for the installation of energy-efficient heat pumps; ductless heat pumps are eligible incentives of up to $1,500. See the program web site or contact the utility for more information about this program. October 16, 2013 Underground Storage Tank Management (District of Columbia)

196

MFR PAPER 1'238 Chilled Seawater System for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MFR PAPER 1'238 Chilled Seawater System for Bulkholding Sea Herring STEVEN E. HULME and DANIEL W of adequate storage techniques for herring being transported from the fishing grounds and inadequate means p. fish quality aboard ship as well as on land is the use of chilled seawater (CSW), a mix- ture

197

Local Option - Special Districts | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Local Option - Special Districts Local Option - Special Districts Local Option - Special Districts < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Cooling Sealing Your Home Ventilation Construction Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Bioenergy Solar Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Wind Program Info State Florida Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been

198

Economical Analysis of a Groundwater Source Heat Pump with Water Thermal Storage System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper is based on a chilled and heat source for the building which has a total area of 140000m2 in the suburb of Beijing. By comparing the groundwater source heat pump of water thermal storage (GHPWTS) with a conventional chilled and heat source...

Zhou, Z.; Xu, W.; Li, J.; Zhao, J.; Niu, L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Microsoft Word - district_of_columbia.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

District of Columbia District of Columbia NERC Region(s) ....................................................................................................... RFC Primary Energy Source........................................................................................... Petroleum Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) ....................................................................... 790 51 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power ................................ 790 46 Net Generation (megawatthours) ........................................................................... 199,858 51 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power ................................ 199,858 51 Emissions (thousand metric tons) ..........................................................................

200

Microsoft Word - district_of_columbia.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

District of Columbia District of Columbia NERC Region(s) ....................................................................................................... RFC Primary Energy Source........................................................................................... Petroleum Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) ....................................................................... 790 51 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power ................................ 790 46 Net Generation (megawatthours) ........................................................................... 199,858 51 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power ................................ 199,858 51 Emissions (thousand metric tons) ..........................................................................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Empire District Electric - Low Income New Homes Program | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Empire District Electric - Low Income New Homes Program Empire District Electric - Low Income New Homes Program Empire District Electric - Low Income New Homes Program < Back Eligibility Construction Low-Income Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Total: $1,100 Program Info State Missouri Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Insulation: full incremental cost above the appropriate baseline Heat Pumps: $400 Central AC: $400 Refrigerator: $200 Lighting: $100 Provider Empire District Electric Empire District Electric offers rebates for the utilization of energy efficient measures and appliances in new, low-income homes. Rebates are

202

Business Energy Rebate Program (District of Columbia) | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Business Energy Rebate Program (District of Columbia) Business Energy Rebate Program (District of Columbia) Business Energy Rebate Program (District of Columbia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Institutional Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Other Program Info Funding Source Sustainable Energy Trust Fund Start Date 05/01/2012 State District of Columbia Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Varies by equipment type and amount purchased Provider Business Energy Rebate Program The District of Columbia's Sustainable Energy Utility (SEU) administers the Business Energy Rebate Program. Rebates are available to businesses and institutions for the installation of energy-efficient equipment. Only new

203

International District Energy Association  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Since its formation in 1909, the International District Energy Association (IDEA) has served as a principal industry advocate and management resource for owners, operators, developers, and suppliers of district heating and cooling systems in cities, campuses, bases, and healthcare facilities. Today, with over 1,400 members in 26 countries, IDEA continues to organize high-quality technical conferences that inform, connect, and advance the industry toward higher energy efficiency and lower carbon emissions through innovation and investment in scalable sustainable solutions. With the support of DOE, IDEA performs industry research and market analysis to foster high impact projects and help transform the U.S. energy industry. IDEA was an active participant in the original Vision and Roadmap process and has continued to partner with DOE on combined heat and power (CHP) efforts across the country.

204

Achieving High Chilled Water Delta T Without Blending Station  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Achieving High Chilled Water Delta T without Blending Station Zhan Wang, Gang Wang, Ke Xu, Yuebin Yu and Mingsheng Liu Energy System Laboratory, Department of Architectural Engineering University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Omaha, NE 68182, USA...-12?C) after all 3-way control valves in the system were converted to 2-way valves. It seems that the use of 3-way control valves is accused of the lower chilled water temperature differential. Wang [2006] investigated the cooling coil performance...

Wang, Z.; Wang, G.; Xu, K.; Yu, Y.; Liu, M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

PAD District  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

District District and State Production Capacity Alkylates Aromatics Asphalt and Road Oil Isomers Lubricants Marketable Petroleum Coke Sulfur (short tons/day) Hydrogen (MMcfd) Table 2. Production Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries by PAD District and State as of January 1, 2013 (Barrels per Stream Day, Except Where Noted) a 91,429 10,111 26,500 110,165 21,045 21,120 74 1,127 PAD District I Delaware 11,729 5,191 0 6,000 0 13,620 40 596 Georgia 0 0 24,000 0 0 0 0 0 New Jersey 37,200 0 63,500 4,000 12,000 7,500 31 290 Pennsylvania 42,500 4,920 22,065 16,500 2,945 0 0 240 West Virginia 0 0 600 0 6,100 0 3 1 268,106 95,300 159,000 260,414 9,100 158,868 584 7,104 PAD District II Illinois 83,900 19,900 38,100 16,000 0 70,495 202 2,397 Indiana 27,200 16,800 33,700 27,100 0 10,000 0 653

206

Regional Districts (Texas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Adjacent Water Control and Improvement Districts and Municipal Utility Districts can opt to form a Regional District to oversee water issues. Such districts may be created:(1) to purchase, own,...

207

Southern Power District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Southern Power District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Southern Power District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Southern Power District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Air Source Heat Pump: $100- $300 Geothermal Heat Pump: $400 Heat Pump (14 Seer minimum): $50 contractor rebate Attic Insulation: $0.15/sq. ft. HVAC Tune-Up: $30 Provider Southern Power District Southern Power District (SPD) offers rebates for the purchase and installation of efficient air source heat pumps, geothermal heat pumps, attic insulation, and HVAC tune-ups. Contractors who install 14 Seer or

208

Nebraska Public Power District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nebraska Public Power District - Residential Energy Efficiency Nebraska Public Power District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Nebraska Public Power District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Construction Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Maximum Rebate Attic Insulation: $300 Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Air-Source Heat Pumps: 14 SEER - $200, 15 SEER - $400, 16+ SEER $600 Ground Source Heat Pumps: $1,200 Variable Capacity Ground Source Heat Pumps: $1,700 Heat Pump > 14 SEER (Contractor): $50 Cooling System Tune-Up: $30 Attic Insulation: $0.15/sq. ft. Provider Nebraska Public Power District The Nebraska Public Power District offers rebates to homeowners who purchase energy efficient heat pumps, upgrade their insulation, and/or have

209

Assessment of district energy supply from Schiller Generating Station  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper addresses the feasibility analysis of retrofitting the Public Service of New Hampshire Schiller Generating Station to supply district heating to potential customers. The project involved analysis of power plant retrofit and comparison of district heating cost to the cost of heat supplied with gas boilers for a housing development in close proximity to the Schiller Station.

Hitchko, M. [Public Service Company of New Hampshire, Portsmouth, NH (United States); Major, W. [Joseph Technology Corporation, Inc., Woodcliff Lake, NJ (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Prospection of Swedish District Heating.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Due to the environment degradation and threats of the climate change, how to develop the technologies to use renewable energy and improve current energy (more)

Zeng, Yuming

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Omaha Public Power District- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Omaha Public Power District (OPPD) offers energy credit refunds to its residential customers for installing high-efficiency heat pumps through the Energy Conservation Program. Newly constructed...

212

Transoceanic shipment of variety meats as affected by chilling system and packaging method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

weight loss prior to retail Pe reer@age wight loss during retail Not chilled Cooler chilled Not chilled Cooler chilled Freezer drii led- P'ilC PIC PZC 1. 41 127 3 210 2. 99 3. 71 5. 346 3 72 3 Z30 4~c 5di3c 524 5 Jl 5. 68' 6M 8... weight loss prior to retail Pe reer@age wight loss during retail Not chilled Cooler chilled Not chilled Cooler chilled Freezer drii led- P'ilC PIC PZC 1. 41 127 3 210 2. 99 3. 71 5. 346 3 72 3 Z30 4~c 5di3c 524 5 Jl 5. 68' 6M 8...

Gawlik, Mary F.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

213

Climate change effects on winter chill for fruit crops in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

chill for fruit crops in Germany Abstract To quantify thechange on fruit production in Germany, this study aimed atof typical winter chill in Germany around 2010, as well as

Luedeling, Eike; Blanke, Michael; Gebauer, Jens

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

ABSORPTION HEAT PUMP IN THE DISTRICT HEATING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Zasulauks ­ wood-chips fired boiler house, (20 MWth) in 2013/05 · DHP Ziepniekkalns ­ wood-chips fired cogeneration unit, (4 MWel, 22 MWth) in 2013/2. · DHP Vecmlgrvis ­ wood-chips fired boilers, (2x7 MWth) in 2010, Nuremberg, 15-16.10.2013 · Cooling load is close to the set up chiller capacity · HP/chiller is designed

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

215

Underground Storage Tank Management (District of Columbia)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The installation, upgrade and operation of any petroleum UST (>110 gallons) or hazardous substance UST System, including heating oil tanks over 1,100 gallons capacity in the District requires a...

216

Applied Solutions Webinar: Insights Into District Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Local governments and their communities that inhabit dense locations can take advantage of district heating and/or cooling systems as a way to increase energy efficiency and reliability while...

217

Major Source Permits (District of Columbia) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Major Source Permits (District of Columbia) Major Source Permits (District of Columbia) Major Source Permits (District of Columbia) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Industrial Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider District Department of the Environment The District reviews designs for new pollution sources and design modifications for existing sources. Permits are issued to allow sources to emit limited and specified amounts of pollution as allowed by air quality laws and regulations. Major sources include power plants, heating plants, and large printing facilities. Three types of permits are issued: pre-construction review permits; new source review permits; and operating permits. These permits include conditions intended to minimize emissions of

218

Utilities District of Western Indiana REMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Utilities District of Western Indiana REMC offers residential customers incentives for energy efficient heat pumps, water heaters, and air conditioners. Eligible air-source heat pump and air...

219

Dehumidification Without Re-heat Using Face and Bypass Dampers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Installations with chill water cooling, needing constant air volume and dehumidification, traditionally use a draw through air handling unit with a cooling coil and a re-heat coil. Dehumidification is achieved by overcooling the discharge air...

Warila, D. T.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

A Free Cooling Based Chilled Water System at Kingston  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-04-13 Proceedings from the Sixth Annual Industrial Energy Technology Conference Volume I, Houston, TX, April 15-18, 1984 COOLING TOWER #3 FROM EAST FROM WEST TOWER TO TO EAST WES TOWER TOW8:R ELEC. #9 2000 TON MOOE, ?YAP. CHILLING LOAD SHAVING Sl...

Jansen, P. R.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Cooling Semiconductor Manufacturing Facilities with Chilled Water Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper examines the 5.2 million gallon chilled water storage system installed at TI's Expressway manufacturing complex in Dallas, Texas. During the peak cooling season ending September 30, 1994, it provided 3,750 tons of additional peak cooling...

Fiorino, D. P.

222

Vera Irrigation District #15 - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Vera Irrigation District #15 - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Vera Irrigation District #15 - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Vera Irrigation District #15 - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Home Weatherization Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Commercial Weatherization Ventilation Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Water Heating Maximum Rebate $1,500 Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $30 Water Heaters: $100 Windows: $6/sq. ft. Heat Pumps: $450 Duct Sealing: $400 - $500 Clothes Washer: $30 Ductless Heat Pumps: $1,500 Vera Irrigation District #15 offers rebates to electric customers who improve energy efficiency. Rebates are available for water heaters,

223

Truckee Donner Public Utility District - Energy Conservation Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Public Utility District - Energy Conservation Rebate Public Utility District - Energy Conservation Rebate Program Truckee Donner Public Utility District - Energy Conservation Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate Lighting (Residential): see program web site Lighting (Commercial): $10,000 Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Clothes Washers: $100 Refrigerators/Freezers: $100 Dishwashers: $100 Electric Water Heaters: $2/gallon Geothermal Heat Pumps: $200/ton Lighting (Residential): $2/fluorescent bulb Lighting (Commercial): 1/3 of project costs

224

Local Option - Improvement Districts for Energy Efficiency and Renewable  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Local Option - Improvement Districts for Energy Efficiency and Local Option - Improvement Districts for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Improvements Local Option - Improvement Districts for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Improvements < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Construction Heat Pumps Heating Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Biofuels Alternative Fuel Vehicles Bioenergy Solar Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Water Heating Wind Program Info State Colorado Program Type PACE Financing

225

EA-0923: Winnett School District Boiler Replacement Project, Winnett, Montana  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to replace the Winnett School District complex's existing oil-fired heating system with a new coal-fired heating system with funds...

226

Cogeneration Personal Property Tax Credit (District of Columbia) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cogeneration Personal Property Tax Credit (District of Columbia) Cogeneration Personal Property Tax Credit (District of Columbia) Cogeneration Personal Property Tax Credit (District of Columbia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Solar Heating & Cooling Heating Program Info Start Date 07/25/2012 State District of Columbia Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% exemption Provider Energy Division The District of Columbia Council created a personal property tax exemption for solar energy systems and cogeneration systems within the District by enacting B19-0749 in December of 2012. Eligible solar systems Solar energy is defined by D.C. Code § 34-1431 to mean "radiant energy, direct, diffuse, or reflected, received from the sun

227

Dealing with big circulation flow, small temperature difference based on verified dynamic model simulations of a hot water district heating system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,?C Gcoal,T/Day Ts1v,?C Tr1v,?C Tw2argv,?C Gcoalv,T/Day Figure 4. Verified Model Responses With Operational Data 2.4 Properties Analysis From The Verified Model Simulations Based on the verified model, the factors ]1,25.1,1.1[],,[ ?enhex fff.../s HV heating value, J/Kg kp proportional gain ki integral gain KF heat transfer coefficient, W/? q heat per unit area, W/m2 Q heat, W t time, s T temperature, ? TD temperature difference, ? u control signal 30 ?? ? factors Subscripts 1, 2...

Zhong, L.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Geothermal district piping - A primer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transmission and distribution piping constitutes approximately 40 -60% of the capital costs of typical geothermal district heating systems. Selections of economical piping suitable for the fluid chemistry is critical. Presently, most piping (56%) in geothermal systems is of asbestos cement construction. Some fiberglass (19%) and steel (19%) is also in use. Identification of an economical material to replace asbestos cement is important to future project development. By providing information on relative costs, purchase considerations, existing material performance and new products, this report seeks to provide a background of information to the potential pipe purchaser. A brief discussion of the use of uninsulated piping in geothermal district heating systems is also provided. 5 refs., 19 figs., 1 tab.

Rafferty, K.

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Local Option - Clean Energy Finance Districts | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Clean Energy Finance Districts Clean Energy Finance Districts Local Option - Clean Energy Finance Districts < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Sealing Your Home Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Water Wind Program Info State Vermont Program Type PACE Financing Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs around the

230

Local Option - Sustainable Energy Financing Districts | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Local Option - Sustainable Energy Financing Districts Local Option - Sustainable Energy Financing Districts Local Option - Sustainable Energy Financing Districts < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Construction Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Energy Sources Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 8/15/2009 State Louisiana Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs.

231

An Improved Simple Chilled Water Cooling Coil Model  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

An Improved Simple Chilled Water Cooling Coil Model An Improved Simple Chilled Water Cooling Coil Model Title An Improved Simple Chilled Water Cooling Coil Model Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-6031E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Wang, Liping, Philip Haves, and Walter F. Buhl Conference Name SimBuild 2012 IBPSA Conference Date Published 08/2012 Abstract The accurate prediction of cooling and dehumidification coil performance is important in model-based fault detection and in the prediction of HVAC system energy consumption for support of both design and operations. It is frequently desirable to use a simple cooling coil model that does not require detailed specification of coil geometry and material properties. The approach adopted is to match the overall UA of the coil to the rating conditions and to estimate the air-side and water-side components of the UA using correlations developed by Holmes (1982). This approach requires some geometrical information about the coil and the paper investigates the sensitivity of the overall performance prediction to uncertainties in this information, including assuming a fixed ratio of air-side to water-side UA at the rating condition. Finally, simulation results from different coil models are compared, and experimental data are used to validate the improved cooling coil model.

232

Central Lincoln People's Utility District - Renewable Energy Incentive  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Central Lincoln People's Utility District - Renewable Energy Central Lincoln People&#039;s Utility District - Renewable Energy Incentive Program (Oregon) Central Lincoln People's Utility District - Renewable Energy Incentive Program (Oregon) < Back Eligibility Commercial Nonprofit Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Water Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate PV (Residential): $2,000 PV (Commercial): $5,000 Solar Water Heating: $800 Wind: $5,000 Hydro Electric: $5,000 Program Info State Oregon Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount PV and Wind: $500/kW-DC Solar Water Heating: $800/system Hydro Electric: $0.50/kWh (first year) Provider Central Lincoln People's Utility District Central Lincoln People's Utility District provides financial incentives for

233

Modesto Irrigation District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Modesto Irrigation District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Modesto Irrigation District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Modesto Irrigation District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Water Heating Program Info Expiration Date 12/15/2013 State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Room AC: $50 Clothes Washer: $35 Water Heater: $25 Heat Pump Water Heater: $100 Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $35 per unit Central AC: $250 Heat Pump: $350 High Efficiency AC/Heat Pump: $500 Mini-Split AC/Heat Pump: $500 Air Duct Sealing: up to $250 max Whole House Fan: $100 per unit

234

Category:Congressional Districts | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Congressional Districts Congressional Districts Jump to: navigation, search This category contains all congressional districts in the United States of America. Pages in category "Congressional Districts" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 437 total. (previous 200) (next 200) A Alabama's 1st congressional district Alabama's 2nd congressional district Alabama's 3rd congressional district Alabama's 4th congressional district Alabama's 5th congressional district Alabama's 6th congressional district Alabama's 7th congressional district Alaska's At-large congressional district Arizona's 1st congressional district Arizona's 2nd congressional district Arizona's 3rd congressional district Arizona's 4th congressional district Arizona's 5th congressional district Arizona's 6th congressional district

235

8 - Continuous temperature monitoring along the chilled food supply chain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: This chapter addresses the need for continuous temperature monitoring along the entire food supply chain to ensure food quality and safety. In the first part, the needs and expectations as well as barriers of supply chain actors regarding novel technologies are discussed. In the second part, novel technologies for the continuous control of temperature conditions in chilled food chains are presented. These include temperature monitoring systems based on radio frequency identification (RFID) and smart labels, such as time temperature indicators (TTIs). Finally, solutions are presented which show how temperature monitoring systems can be linked with product characteristics to improve food quality and safety.

M. Eden; V. Raab; J. Kreyenschmidt; T. Hafliason; G. Olafsdttir; S.G. Bogason

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Methodology for Determining the Optimal Operating Strategies for a Chilled Water Storage System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the example facility. It was concluded that stratified chilled water TES was a viable technology even without the presence of electric rebate incentives or rebates, and it was a sustainable technology for the foreseeable future. 2.1.2 Chilled water storage...

Zhang, Zhiqin

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

237

Tenderness, drip loss, and postmortem metabilism of broiler pectoralis from electrically stimulated and air chilled carcasses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

humidity of 9 1 % and an air speed of 43.9 m3/minute. Pre-chill and post-chill carcass weights were measured to determine drip loss. Breast fillets were harvested at 2 and 4h postmortem from both ES and control carcasses and also at 8 h postmortem from...

Skarovsky, Clinton John

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Chilled water coil freeze protection via internal drying  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Winter lay-up for chilled water coils has been a problem for as long as there has been air conditioning. A frozen coil may be so seriously damaged that it must be replaced. Also, as the coil thaws, significant flooding of adjacent areas may result. Over the years, various methods of freeze protection have been used. These methods include using a glycol solution to lower the freezing point, blowing the coil clear with compressed air, or installing coils that incorporate freeze plugs in the coil design. Each of these methods has one or more significant drawbacks. A new approach, nicknamed ``The LaRocca Solution`` is a simple procedure. Air is blown continuously through the coils to ensure that they become completely dry and remain so. Instead of using a separate blower or air compressor to blow out the water, the supply fan itself is used. On most medium- and high-pressure HVAC systems, the static pressure produced by the supply fan is sufficient to overcome the internal resistance of the coil tubes. One simply configures the chilled water piping in a manner that permits the coils to be drained by gravity and then purged by the discharge of the fan. The fan does all the work.

LaRocca, D.V. [Yale Univ. School of Medicine, New Haven, CT (United States). Building Services and Operations Dept.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Integrating district cooling with cogeneration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chillers can be driven with cogenerated thermal energy, thereby offering the potential to increase utilization of cogeneration throughout the year. However, cogeneration decreases electric output compared to condensing power generation in power plants using a steam cycle (steam turbine or gas turbine combined cycle plants). The foregone electric production increases with increasing temperature of heat recovery. Given a range of conditions for key variables (such as cogeneration utilization, chiller utilization, cost of fuel, value of electricity, value of heat and temperature of heat recovered), how do technology alternatives for combining district cooling with cogeneration compare? This paper summarizes key findings from a report recently published by the International Energy Agency which examines the energy efficiency and economics of alternatives for combining cogeneration technology options (gas turbine simple cycle, diesel engine, steam turbine, gas turbine combined cycle) with chiller options (electric centrifugal, steam turbine centrifugal one-stage steam absorption, two-stage steam absorption, hot water absorption).

Spurr, M.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Local Power Empowers: CHP and District Energy (Text Version)...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

technical assistance program presentation. Today we're going to talk about the combined heat and power and district energy possibilities for your local organization. What we're...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

EECBG Success Story: Energy Efficiency Upgrades Part of Winning Formula for Oregon School District  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The rural community of Vernonia, Oregon is incorporating energy efficiency measures into the school district buildings, including an energy efficient integrated heating and cooling system. This feature, along with upgrades to the building envelope and lighting, are estimated to reduce the school districts annual energy usage by 43 percent. Learn more.

242

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced industrial heat Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Management and Air Flow) - Waste Heat Recovery in Industrial Processes... on roads - District heating systems - Various industrial processes Geothermal Heat Pumps -...

243

Lassen Municipal Utility District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Lassen Municipal Utility District - Residential Energy Efficiency Lassen Municipal Utility District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Lassen Municipal Utility District - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate Windows: $500 Duct Insulation/Sealing: $500 Radiant Barrier: $1,000 Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerator: $50 Freezer: $50 Clothes Washer: $35 Dishwasher: $35 Room AC: $75 Air Source Heat Pumps: $100 - $400 per ton Ground Source Heat Pump: $1,000 per ton Central A/C: $25 - $150 per ton Evaporative Cooled A/C: $175 per ton Evaporative Coolers: $75 - $200 per 1,000 sq. ft.

244

Development and Testing of Model Predictive Control for a Campus Chilled  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Development and Testing of Model Predictive Control for a Campus Chilled Development and Testing of Model Predictive Control for a Campus Chilled Water Plant with Thermal Storage Title Development and Testing of Model Predictive Control for a Campus Chilled Water Plant with Thermal Storage Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2010 Authors Coffey, Brian, Philip Haves, Michael Wetter, Brandon Hencey, Francesco Borrelli, Yudong Ma, and Sorin Bengea Conference Name 2010 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Date Published 2010 Publisher Omnipress Conference Location Asilomar, California, USA ISBN 0-918249-60-0 Abstract A Model Predictive Control (MPC) implementation was developed for a university campus chilled water plant. The plant includes three water-cooled chillers and a two million gallon chilled water storage tank. The tank is charged during the night to minimize on-peak electricity consumption and take advantage of the lower ambient wet bulb temperature. A detailed model of the chilled water plant and simplified models of the campus buildings were developed using the equation-based modeling language Modelica. Steady state models of the chillers, cooling towers and pumps were developed, based on manufacturers' performance data, and calibrated using measured data collected and archived by the control system. A dynamic model of the chilled water storage tank was also developed and calibrated. A semi-empirical model was developed to predict the temperature and flow rate of the chilled water returning to the plant from the buildings. These models were then combined and simplified for use in a MPC algorithm that determines the optimal chiller start and stop times and set-points for the condenser water temperature and the chilled water supply temperature. The paper describes the development and testing of the MPC implementation and discusses lessons learned and next steps in further research

245

Empire District Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Empire District Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Empire District Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Arkansas) Empire District Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Maximum Rebate Central Air Conditioner: $500 Weatherization Measures: Total cost of measures eligible for rebate cannot exceed $2,964 Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Audits: Varies Weatherization Measures: 25% - 50% of cost Central Air Conditioner: $400 - $500 Programmable Thermostat: $25

246

Compact cold stage for micro-computerized tomography imaging of chilled or frozen samples  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High resolution X-ray microCT (computerized tomography) can be used to image a variety of objects, including temperature-sensitive materials. In cases where the sample must be chilled or frozen to maintain sample integrity, either the microCT machine itself must be placed in a refrigerated chamber, or a relatively expensive commercial cold stage must be purchased. We describe here the design and construction of a low-cost custom cold stage suitable for use in a microCT imaging system. Our device uses a boron nitride sample holder, two-stage Peltier cooler, fan-cooled heat sink, and electronic controller to maintain sample temperatures as low as ?25?C 0.2?C for the duration of a tomography acquisition. The design does not require modification to the microCT machine, and is easily installed and removed. Our custom cold stage represents a cost-effective solution for refrigerating CT samples for imaging, and is especially useful for shared equipment or machines unsuitable for cold room use.

Hullar, Ted; Anastasio, Cort, E-mail: canastasio@ucdavis.edu [Department of Land, Air, and Water Resources, University of California, Davis, California 95616 (United States)] [Department of Land, Air, and Water Resources, University of California, Davis, California 95616 (United States); Paige, David F. [Paige Instruments, Woodland, California 95776 (United States)] [Paige Instruments, Woodland, California 95776 (United States); Rowland, Douglas J. [Center for Molecular and Genomic Imaging, Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California, Davis, California 95616 (United States)] [Center for Molecular and Genomic Imaging, Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California, Davis, California 95616 (United States)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

247

IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS ASSOCIATION OF ARIZONA R.D. JUSTICE SUITE 140 WILLIAM H. STACY PRESIDENT 340 E. PALM LANE SECRETARY-TREASURER PHOENIX, ARIZONA 85004-4603 ELSTON GRUBAUGH (602) 254-5908 ROBERT S. LYNCH VICE-PRESIDENT Fax (602) 257-9542 COUNSEL AND

248

IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS IRRIGATION & ELECTRICAL DISTRICTS ASSOCIATION OF ARIZONA R. GALE PEARCE SUITE 140 ELSTON GRUBAUGH PRESIDENT 340 E. PALM LANE SECRETARY-TREASURER PHOENIX, ARIZONA 85004-4603 R.D. JUSTICE (602) 254-5908 ROBERT S. LYNCH VICE-PRESIDENT Fax (602) 257-9542 ASSISTANT SECRETARY-TREASURER

249

Economic Development Project Districts (Indiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Redevelopment commissions may petition legislative bodies to designate economic development project districts in cities with populations between 80,500 and 500,000. Such districts may be...

250

Nebraska Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nebraska Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Nebraska Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Nebraska Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Maximum Rebate Incentives exceeding $5000 require pre-approval Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting: $0.75 - $60 per fixture, depending on type and wattage Custom Lighting: $0.07 per kWh saved Air Conditioners: Varies, see program brochure Air Source Heat Pump: up to $300; or $25 x (EER - 10.1) x tons Water Source Heat Pump: $25 x (EER - 10.5) x tons

251

Design and Operation of Fan-Coil Units in Using River Water as Chilled Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on the case research for China's first central air conditioning system utilizing natural cool river water as chilled water, this paper analyzes the technical design-and-innovation process and operating characteristics of Fan-Coil Units (FCUs...

Jiang, A.; Chen, H.; Ma, W.; Zhu, H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Climate change effects on winter chill for fruit crops in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dormancy release in deciduous fruit trees. Hortic Rev 7:239effects on winter chill for fruit crops in Germany Abstracteffects of climate change on fruit production in Germany,

Luedeling, Eike; Blanke, Michael; Gebauer, Jens

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Efficacy of Ultraviolet Light and Antimicrobials to Reduce Listeria monocytogenes in Chill Brines.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Chill brines used in ready-to-eat meat processing may be an important source of post-processing contamination by Listeria monocytogenes. The purpose of this study was to (more)

Parikh, Priti P.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Energy Comparison Between Conventional and Chilled Water Thermal Storage Air Conditioning Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, encouraged by government subsidies and driven by the rapid and continual expansion in building construction, urban development, and the heavy reliance on Air Conditioning (AC) systems for the cooling of buildings. The Chilled Water Thermal Storage (CWTS...

Sebzali, M.; Hussain, H. J.; Ameer, B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Lessons and Measures Learned from Continuous Commissioning(SM) of Central Chilled/Hot Water Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

water and hot water system operation. It can be performed before, during, or after building side continuous commissioning. Successful central chilled/hot water system CC not only results in improved production and distribution, but also achieves...

Deng, S.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.; Bruner, H.; Chen, H.; Wei, G.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Spray-chilling and carcass decontamination systems using lactic and acetic acid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPRAY-CHILLING AND CARCASS DECONTANINATION SYSTEMS USING LAC1'IC AND ACETIC ACID A Thesis by PATRICK LAWRENCE HAMBY Submitted to the Graduate College of TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree NASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1986 Najor Subject; Food Science and Technology SPRAY-CHILLING AND CARCASS DECONTAMINATION SYSTEMS USING LACTIC AND ACETIC ACID A Thesis by PATRICK LAWRENCE NAMBY Approved as to style and content by: H. R. Cross (Co...

Hamby, Patrick Lawrence

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

257

District of Columbia | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

United States » District of Columbia United States » District of Columbia District of Columbia October 16, 2013 Pacific Power - FinAnswer Express Pacific Power's FinAnswer Express Program includes incentives and technical assistance for lighting, HVAC and other equipment upgrades that increase energy efficiency and exceed code requirements in commercial and industrial facilities. Both retrofits of existing equipment and new construction projects are eligible for incentives. For retrofits, the utility may need to verify existing equipment. Prescriptive rebates and custom incentives calculated from energy savings are available. October 16, 2013 Pacific Power - Energy FinAnswer Pacific Power's Energy FinAnswer program provides cash incentives to help its commercial and industrial customers improve their heating, cooling,

258

A FULL SCALE ROOM FOR THE EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF INTERIOR BUILDING CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

air flow measurement. A water source heat pump provided chilled water to a fan-coil unit which in turn on volumetric air flow measurement and an overall room heat balance. Analysis was directed at results fromA FULL SCALE ROOM FOR THE EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF INTERIOR BUILDING CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER: DESIGN

259

ELECTRICAL DISTRICT No.  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ELECTRICAL ELECTRICAL DISTRICT No. 4 PINAL COUNTY POST OFFICE BOX 605- ELOY, ARIZONA 85131 Telephone: (520) 468-7338 BOARD OF DIRECTORS: DISTRICT MANAGER: MARK HAMILTON, CHAIRMAN RON McEACHERN CHARLES BUSH ThOMAS W. SCM JAMES F. SHEDD WILLIAM WARREN VIA ELECTRONIC MAIL TO: DSWFPP~2wapa.gov July 19, 2010 Mr. Darrick Moe Desert Southwest Regional Manager Western Area Power Authority P.O. Box 6457 Phoenix, AZ 85005-6457 Re: SPPR Proposed ED5 to Palo Verde Transmission Project Electrical District Number Four of Pinal County ("ED4") and Electrical District Number Five of Pinal County ("ED5") are members of the Southwest Public Power Resource ("SPPR") Group and support the ED5 to Palo Verde Project Statement of Interest ("SOT") submitted by the SPPR Group. ED4 is also a participant in the Southeast Valley C'SEV") Project and has offered to

260

Ohio's 13th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3th congressional district: Energy Resources 3th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Ohio. US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Ohio's 13th congressional district FirstEnergy Service Company Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Ohio's 13th congressional district A.J. Rose Manufacturing Company Advanced Hydro Solutions Akrong Machine Services Castle Energy Services Echogen Power Systems, Inc. FirstEnergy Free Energy Alliance Green Energy Technologies Green Energy Technologies LLC GreenField Solar Corp. Jennings The Energy Factory Pier Associates, Inc. Randa Energy Solutions LLC R A Energy Solutions Raymond Plumbing & Heating

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Omaha Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Omaha Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Omaha Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Omaha Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Lighting: $20,000 or up to 20% of cost Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Fluorescent Lighting: $5 - $32/fixture High Intensity Discharge Lighting: $5 - $75/unit Exit Sign: $5/unit LED Lighting: $6 - $55/unit Incandescent: $4 - $8 Lamp Upgrade: $1 - $1.50/unit Custom Lighting Measures: Contact Utility Heat Pump: $50/nominal ton Innovative Energy Efficiency Project: 50% of study cost and $400/kW of peak

262

Local Option - Special Improvement Districts | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Special Improvement Districts Special Improvement Districts Local Option - Special Improvement Districts < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Home Weatherization Heating & Cooling Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 5/28/2009 State Nevada Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been suspended until further clarification is provided. ''''' Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property

263

Local Option - Renewable Energy Financing District/Solar Energy Improvement  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Local Option - Renewable Energy Financing District/Solar Energy Local Option - Renewable Energy Financing District/Solar Energy Improvement Special Assessments Local Option - Renewable Energy Financing District/Solar Energy Improvement Special Assessments < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Solar Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 07/01/2009 State New Mexico Program Type PACE Financing Provider New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been

264

The Forest Preserve District  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Forest Preserve District Forest Preserve District Nature Bulletin No. 109 March 29, 1947 Forest Preserve District of Cook County William N. Erickson, President Roberts Mann, Supt. of Conservation THE FOREST PRESERVE DISTRICT Forest Preserve Districts, in Illinois, are separate municipal bodies governed by a Board of Forest Preserve Commissioners consisting of the elected county commissioners, as in Cook County, or by a committee of the county board of supervisors, as in 7 other counties. The legislative act which provided for such a district, if authorized by referendum vote of the people, became a law on July 1, 1914. Under that act, the commissioners are empowered to levy taxes, issue bonds, and to acquire lands containing forests "for the purpose of protecting and preserving the flora, fauna and scenic beauties.... and to restore, restock, protect and preserve the natural forests and said lands with their flora and fauna, as nearly as may be in their natural state and condition for the purpose of the education, pleasure and recreation of the public". A limit of 35,000 acres was set; later increased to 39,000.

265

Modesto Irrigation District - New Home Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Modesto Irrigation District - New Home Energy Efficiency Rebate Modesto Irrigation District - New Home Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Modesto Irrigation District - New Home Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Construction Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Single-Family Dwelling: $500 Multi-Family Dwelling: $250 Provider Energy Management Department Modesto Irrigation District's MPower New Home Program provides incentives to builders and homeowners for designing and building energy-efficient homes. Eligible homes must meet the guidelines for California Energy Star Qualified New Homes, listed on the program application. Each qualified new

266

HEAT ROADMAP EUROPE 2050 SECOND PRE-STUDY FOR THE EU27  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Centre for 4th Generation District Heating (4DH), which has received funding from The Danish. However, this pre-study outlines the previously unconsidered potential of district heating and cooling requirements of district heating and cooling as technologies. The authors intend to continue developing

Kolaei, Alireza Rezania

267

Inland Navigation Districts and Florida Inland Navigation District Law  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Inland Navigation Districts and Florida Inland Navigation District Inland Navigation Districts and Florida Inland Navigation District Law (Florida) Inland Navigation Districts and Florida Inland Navigation District Law (Florida) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Program Info State Florida Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Florida Inland Navigation District (FIND) The first part of this legislation establishes Inland Navigation Districts,

268

Chiller Start/Stop Optimization for a Campus-wide Chilled Water System with a Thermal Storage Tank Under a Four-Period Electricity Rate Schedule  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The existence of a 1.4-million-gallon chilled water thermal storage tank greatly increases the operational flexibility of a campuswide chilled water system under a four-part electricity rate structure. While significant operational savings can...

Zhou, J.; Wei, G.; Turner, W. D.; Deng, S.; Claridge, D.; Contreras, O.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

E-Print Network 3.0 - address heat tolerance Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

greenhouses... temperature and flows are suggested for spas and pools, space and district heating, greenhouse and aquaculture... pond heating, and industrial applications....

270

Flexibility in heat demand at the TU Delft campus smart thermal grid with phase change materials:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Plans have been made to change the current district heating grid at the TU Delft to a smart thermal grid. New heat suppliers will be (more)

Van Vliet, E.H.A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Design of a Heating System with Geothermal Energy and CO2 Capture:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Heating constitutes about 40% of the final energy consumption at TU Delft. In the present, the district heating system in campus obtains its energy from (more)

Reyes Lastiri, D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Construction Commercial Weatherization Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Rebate Caps vary according to MID electric rate schedule, they range from $10,000 - $50,000. Cap exemption can be requested. Program Info Expiration Date 12/15/2012 State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting and Sensors: Varies, consult program website Auto Door Closers: $56 - $65/closer Strip Curtains: $3/sq ft Plastic Swinging Doors: $4/sq ft

273

Local Option - Special Energy Improvement Districts | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Local Option - Special Energy Improvement Districts Local Option - Special Energy Improvement Districts Local Option - Special Energy Improvement Districts < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 10/16/2009 State Ohio Program Type PACE Financing '''''Note: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a [http://www.fhfa.gov/webfiles/15884/PACESTMT7610.pdf statement] in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been suspended until further clarification is provided. ''''' Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property

274

Forestry Policies (District of Columbia)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Forest policy and guidelines in Washington D.C. are focused on urban forestry, and are managed by the District Department of Transportation's Urban Forestry Administration. In 2010 The District...

275

Case study of Chilled Water Loop Low Delta-T Fault Diagnosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Case study of Chilled Water Loop Low ?T Fault Diagnosis Lei Wang1, Ph.D., P.E. Ken Meline2, P.E. James Watt1, P.E. Bahman Yazdani1 P.E., David E. Claridge1, Ph.D., P.E 1Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A&M Engineering Experiment Station...Case Study of Chilled Water Loop Low DT Fault Diagnosis Presented by Lei Wang Ph.D. P.E. Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A&M University System Sep. 15, 2014 Energy Systems Laboratory p. 1 ESL-IC-14-09-12a Proceedings of the 14th International...

Wang, L.; Meline, K.; Watt, J.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Growth of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and impacts ofchilling and post-inoculation storage on STEC attachment to beef surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Concern has been expressed surrounding the utility of studies describing the efficacy of antimicrobial interventions targeting the Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) that inoculate chilled versus non-chilled beef carcasses. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of chilling (non-chilled, chilled to surface temperature of ?5C) on STEC attachment to brisket surfaces, and the effects of post-inoculation storage on STEC recovery. Paired briskets from split carcasses were separated; one brisket from each pair was kept non-chilled, while the other was chilled to a surface temperature of ?5C prior to inoculation. Briskets were inoculated with a cocktail of eight STEC and then stored at 5 or 25C. At 0, 30, 60, 90 and 120min post-inoculation, 30cm2 of tissue was aseptically excised, followed by selective enumeration of strongly and loosely attached STEC. A significant, though small (0.4 log10CFU/cm2), difference in the numbers of strongly attached cells was observed between non-chilled and chilled briskets (p<0.05). Significant effects on cell attachment by the interaction of chilling and post-inoculation storage period, or chilling and post-inoculation storage temperature, were identified (p<0.05). Results indicate beef chilling and post-inoculation storage conditions influenced STEC attachment to beef.

Katie R. Kirsch; T. Matthew Taylor; Davey Griffin; Alejandro Castillo; David B. Marx; Lynette Smith

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Brief Communication High temperature pulses decrease indirect chilling injury and elevate ATP levels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brief Communication High temperature pulses decrease indirect chilling injury and elevate ATP: Received 20 December 2009 Accepted 8 March 2010 Available online 15 March 2010 Keywords: ATP Energy supply by determining survival rates and ATP levels for flies that had undergone continuous long-term exposure at 0 °C

Lee Jr., Richard E.

278

Development of a Procedure for the Predictive Control Strategy of a Chilled Water Storage System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-peak months to minimize demand charges. By optimizing the operation of the building air handling units (AHUs), chilled water pumps, chiller plant and the thermal storage system, the storage tank is better charged while chiller run time is reduced. Both on...

Wei, G.; Sakuri, Y.; Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.; Liu, M.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Optimal control of a multi-energy district boiler: a case study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal control of a multi-energy district boiler: a case study J. Eynard S. Grieu M. Polit of a multi-energy district boiler (La Rochelle, France) which supplies domestic hot water and heats optimizing the use of both the tank and the wood boiler. As a result, fossil energy consumption and CO2

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

280

ELECTRICAL DISTRICT NUMBER EIGHT  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ELECTRICAL DISTRICT NUMBER EIGHT ELECTRICAL DISTRICT NUMBER EIGHT Board of Directors Reply to: Ronald Rayner C. W. Adams James D. Downing, P.E. Chairman Billy Hickman 66768 Hwy 60 Brian Turner Marvin John P.O. Box 99 Vice-Chairman Jason Pierce Salome, AZ 85348 Denton Ross Jerry Rovey Secretary James N. Warkomski ED8@HARCUVARCO.COM John Utz Gary Wood PHONE:(928) 859-3647 Treasurer FAX: (928) 859-3145 Sent via e-mail Mr. Darrick Moe, Regional Manager Western Area Power Administration Desert Southwest Region P. O. Box 6457 Phoenix, AZ 85005-6457 moe@wapa.gov; dswpwrmrk@wapa.gov Re: ED5-Palo Verde Hub Project Dear Mr. Moe, In response to the request for comments issued at the October 6 Parker-Davis Project customer th meeting, and in conjunction with comments previously submitted by the Southwest Public Power

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

The effect of chilled drinking water on heat-stressed lactating Holstein cows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conception. J . Dairy Sci. 56:873. 26 Eng Hahn, G. L. , J. D. Sikes, M. D. Shanklin and H. D. Johnson. 1969. Dairy cow responses to summer air...

Baker, Christopher Charles

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

282

Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial New Construction Rebate Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial New Construction Rebate Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial New Construction Rebate Program Modesto Irrigation District - Commercial New Construction Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate 50% of the incremental cost of the project(s) included in the application. The maximum annual payment cap is determined per account, by the applicable MID electric rate schedule: $15,000 (GS-1); $25,000 (P-3); $50,000 (GS-2); $125,000 (GS-TOU); $250,000 (GS-3); $500,000 (IC-25). Program Info Expiration Date 12/15/2013 State California Program Type

283

Empire District Electric - Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Rebates |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Empire District Electric - Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Empire District Electric - Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Rebates Empire District Electric - Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Rebates < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Nonprofit Schools Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Maximum Rebate 20,000 per program year per customer Program Info State Missouri Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting: 2 - 50 per fixture Lighting Power Density: 1 per watt per square foot Lighting Sensors: 20 - 50 per sensor Central AC: 73 - 92 per ton Motors: 50 - 130 per motor Energy Audit: 50% of cost Custom: Lesser of 50% of incremental cost; 2-year payback equivalent; or

284

Empire District Electric - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Empire District Electric - Commercial and Industrial Energy Empire District Electric - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebates Empire District Electric - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebates < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Maximum Rebate 5,000; additional funds may be available for final 3 months of program year Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom: lesser of $.30 per kWh savings, 50% of incremental cost, or buydown to two year payback Fluorescent Lamps/Fixtures: $0.50 - $16 High Performance T8 Systems: $9 - $18 High-Bay Fluorescent Lamps/Ballasts: $40 - $125 CFL Fixtures: $8 - $25 Pendant/Wall Mount/Recessed Indirect Fixtures: $16 - $24

285

Continuous Commissioning and Energy Management Control Strategies at Alamo Community College District  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents an overview of energy savings through the optimization of facility Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems for the college campuses of the Alamo Community College District. This Continuous Commissioning process...

Martinez, J.; Verdict, M.; Baltazar, J.C.

286

1District health services research: 2011 District health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

meDicine anD Primary care, faculty of meDicine anD HealtH sciences, stellenboscH university #12RoDUctIon...................................................................................................................................... clInIcal famIly meDIcIne anD DIstRIct health caRe systems1District health services research: 2011 District health services research: 2011Division of family

Geldenhuys, Jaco

287

Modeling and Optimization of Direct Chill Casting to Reduce Ingot Cracking  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Approximately 68% of the aluminum produced in the United States is first cast into ingots prior to further processing into sheet, plate, extrusions, or foil. The direct chill (DC) semi-continuous casting process has been the mainstay of the aluminum industry for the production of ingots due largely to its robust nature and relative simplicity. Though the basic process of DC casting is in principle straightforward, the interaction of process parameters with heat extraction, microstructural evolution, and development of solidification stresses is too complex to analyze by intuition or practical experience. One issue in DC casting is the formation of stress cracks [1-15]. In particular, the move toward larger ingot cross-sections, the use of higher casting speeds, and an ever-increasing array of mold technologies have increased industry efficiencies but have made it more difficult to predict the occurrence of stress crack defects. The Aluminum Industry Technology Roadmap [16] has recognized the challenges inherent in the DC casting process and the control of stress cracks and selected the development of 'fundamental information on solidification of alloys to predict microstructure, surface properties, and stresses and strains' as a high-priority research need, and the 'lack of understanding of mechanisms of cracking as a function of alloy' and 'insufficient understanding of the aluminum solidification process', which is 'difficult to model', as technology barriers in aluminum casting processes. The goal of this Aluminum Industry of the Future (IOF) project was to assist the aluminum industry in reducing the incidence of stress cracks from the current level of 5% to 2%. Decreasing stress crack incidence is important for improving product quality and consistency as well as for saving resources and energy, since considerable amounts of cast metal could be saved by eliminating ingot cracking, by reducing the scalping thickness of the ingot before rolling, and by eliminating butt sawing. Full-scale industrial implementation of the results of the proposed research would lead to energy savings in excess of 6 trillion Btu by the year 2020. The research undertaken in this project aimed to achieve this objective by a collaboration of industry, university, and national laboratory personnel through Secat, Inc., a consortium of aluminum companies. During the four-year project, the industrial partners and the research team met in 16 quarterly meetings to discuss research results and research direction. The industrial partners provided guidance, facilities, and experience to the research team. The research team went to two industrial plants to measure temperature distributions in commercial 60,000-lb DC casting ingot production. The project focused on the development of a fundamental understanding of ingot cracking and detailed models of thermal conditions, solidification, microstructural evolution, and stress development during the initial transient in DC castings of the aluminum alloys 3004 and 5182. The microstructure of the DC casting ingots was systematically characterized. Carefully designed experiments were carried out at the national laboratory and university facilities as well as at the industrial locations using the industrial production facilities. The advanced computational capabilities of the national laboratories were used for thermodynamic and kinetic simulations of phase transformation, heat transfer and fluid flow, solidification, and stress-strain evolution during DC casting. The achievements of the project are the following: (1) Identified the nature of crack formation during DC casting; (2) Developed a novel method for determining the mechanical properties of an alloy at the nonequilibrium mushy zone of the alloy; (3) Measured heat transfer coefficients (HTCs) between the solidifying ingot and the cooling water jet; (4) Determined the material constitutive model at high temperatures; and (5) Developed computational capabilities for the simulation of cracking formation in DC casting ingot. The models and the database de

Das, S.K.; Ningileri, S.; Long, Z.; Saito, K.; Khraisheh, M.; Hassan, M.H.; Kuwana, K.; Han, Q.; Viswanathan, S.; Sabau, A.S.; Clark, J.; Hyrn, J. (ANL)

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

288

Building Energy Code for the District of Columbia | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Building Energy Code for the District of Columbia Building Energy Code for the District of Columbia Building Energy Code for the District of Columbia < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Building Energy Code Provider District Department of the Environment ''Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more detailed information about building energy codes, visit the [http://www.energycodes.gov/states/ DOE] and [http://bcap-ocean.org/ BCAP] websites.'' The DC Energy Conservation Code is updated regularly as national codes are

289

Avicennia germinans (black mangrove) vessel architecture is linked to chilling and salinity tolerance in the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

architecture may influence mangrove chilling and salinity tolerance. We surveyed populations of A. germinans throughout the Gulf to determine if vessel architecture was linked to field environmental conditions. We measured vessel density, hydraulically weighted...

Madrid, Eric N.; Armitage, Anna R.; Lopez-Portillo, Jorge

2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

290

Research District Seeing Growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Monthly economic diversity column for the Tri-City Herald (May 2012) - excerpt follows: Its been a while since Ive updated you on the Tri-Cities Research District, most certainly not for lack of new activity over the past several months. In fact, much has happened, and theres more to come. I think many of us see new land development and construction as indicative of current or impending economic growth. So those of you who have ventured into North Richland either via Stevens Drive or George Washington Way lately have probably begun sensing and anticipating that such growth is afoot.

Madison, Alison L.

2012-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

291

Case Study of Stratified Chilled Water Storage Utilization for Comfort and Process Cooling in a Hot, Humid Climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the system and its operation is followed by presentation of operating data taken during 1997. INTRODUCTION Chilled water thermal energy storage ('TES) in naturally stratified tanks has been shown to be a valuable central cooling plant load management... and humid environment and presents new data on the performance of a large stratified chilled water storage tank. Figure 1. Plant Schematic. SITE The case study site is the Dallas, TX world headquarters of a major semiconductor manufacturer. The 6...

Bahnfleth, W. P.; Musser, A.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Quality characteristics of vacuum-packaged beef as affected by postmortem chill, storage temperature and storage interval  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF VACUUM-PACKAGED BEEF AS AFFECTED BY POSTMORTEM CHILL, STORAGE TEMPERATURE AND STORAGE INTERVAL A Thesis by SAMMY DENZIL BEEBE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A1IM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the deoree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1975 Major Subject: Animal Science QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF VACUUM-PACKAGED BEEF AS AFFECTED BY POSTMORTEM CHILL, STORAGE TEMPERATURE AND STORAGE INTERVAL A Thesis by SAMMY DENZIL BEEBE...

Beebe, Sammy Denzil

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Development of a complex compound chill storage system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A thermal energy storage system applicable to industrial refrigeration needs at temperatures as low as {minus}28{degree}C has been developed. The system is based on the chemical bonding between a gaseous refrigerant and a solid salt. The system has been tested successfully in the laboratory and a small unit capable of holding 4 ton-h has been constructed in a factory environment. Much of the development efforts have centered on designing the reactor/heat exchanger where the salt and the refrigerant are combined. Economic evaluations have been made and show an estimated simple rate of return between 30 and 50%. 6 refs., 30 figs.

Rockenfelleer, U.; Kirol, L.

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Public Utility District #1 Of Jefferson County  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 Of Jefferson County Board of Commissioners July 2,2008 Dana Roberts, District 1 M. Kelly Hays, District 2 Wayne G. King, District 3 Mark Gendron, Vice President Northwest...

295

A Simple and Quick Chilled Water Loop Balancing for Variable Flow System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. It was built in 1995 with a modem EMCS control for the HVAC systems. The building was mostly occupied in late 1996. The whole complex primarily consists of outpatient clinic rooms, pharmacy, nuclear medicine, ICUs, CCUs, surgical areas, inpatient beds... the building owner, facility engineers or HVAC operators more opportunities to run the chilled water system more efficiently. Generally, the pump speeds are controlled by the EMCS or a stand-alone controller to maintain the differential pressure setpoints...

Zhu, Y.; Batten, T.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.; Liu, M.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Optimization of a Chilled Water Plant Using a Forward Plant Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization of a chilled water plant without storage using a forward plant model Zhiqin Zhanga, PhD William D. Turnera, PhD, PE Qiang Chena, PE Chen Xub, PE Song Denga, PE... at a given setpoint. This setpoint is manually adjusted to be between 25 psid (172 kPa) and 48 psid (331 kPa) all year round to ensure there are no hot complaints from terminals. The cooling tower staging control in place is to stage the number...

Zhang, Z.; Turner, W. D.; Chen, Q.; Xu, C.; Deng, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Modesto Irrigation District - Custom Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

You are here You are here Home » Modesto Irrigation District - Custom Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Modesto Irrigation District - Custom Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Rebate caps are adjusted according to MID's electric rate schedule they vary from $15,000 - $500,000. Exemptions from rebate caps can be requested. Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting Measures: $250/kW reduced or $.04/kWh reduced Insulation Measures: $250/kW reduced or $.04/kWh reduced

298

California's 42nd congressional district: Energy Resources |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scheuten Solar USA Inc US South Coast Air Quality Management District SCAQMD Western Ethanol Company LLC Utility Companies in California's 42nd congressional district City of...

299

Montana Association of Conservation Districts Webpage | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Districts Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Montana Association of Conservation Districts Webpage Abstract Homepage of...

300

Steam Power Stations for Electricity and Heat Generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Power plants produce electricity, process heat or district heating, according to their task (Stultz and Kitto 1992). Electric power is the only product of a condensation power plant and the main product of a p...

Dr. Hartmut Spliethoff

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The Sudbury Mining District  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Digital Scholarship. http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Submitted to the School of Engineering of the University of Kansas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a course in Mining Engineering ran THE SUDBURY MINING DISTRICT. A D i s s e r t a t i o... n P r e s e n t e d t o the F a c u l t y o f the SCHOOL OP ENGINEERING i n the UNIVERSITY OP KANSAS. F o r the Completion o f a Course i n MINING ENGINEERING. fey Prank G. B e d e l l . June 1906. PREFACE I n t h i s paper w i l l be g i...

Bedell, Frank G.

1906-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Modular approach for modelling a multi-energy district boiler Julien Eynard, Stphane Grieu1 and Monique Polit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modular approach for modelling a multi-energy district boiler Julien Eynard, Stéphane Grieu1 with the modelling of a district boiler (city of La Rochelle, west coast of France), as part of the OptiEnR research project. This "multi- energy" boiler supplies domestic hot water and heats residential and public

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

303

Groundwater Conservation Districts: Success Stories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demand for water is increasing, so our aquifers must be conserved and protected. The Groundwater Conservation Districts in Texas are carrying out a number of successful programs in the areas of education and public awareness, technical assistance...

Porter, Dana; Persyn, Russell A.; Enciso, Juan

1999-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

304

STORAGE OF CHILLED NATURAL GAS IN BEDDED SALT STORAGE CAVERNS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides the results of a two-phase study that examines the economic and technical feasibility of converting a conventional natural gas storage facility in bedded salt into a refrigerated natural gas storage facility for the purpose of increasing the working gas capacity of the facility. The conceptual design used to evaluate this conversion is based on the design that was developed for the planned Avoca facility in Steuben County, New York. By decreasing the cavern storage temperature from 43 C to -29 C (110 F to -20 F), the working gas capacity of the facility can be increased by about 70 percent (from 1.2 x 10{sup 8} Nm{sup 3} or 4.4 billion cubic feet (Bcf) to 2.0 x 10{sup 8} Nm{sup 3} or 7.5 Bcf) while maintaining the original design minimum and maximum cavern pressures. In Phase I of the study, laboratory tests were conducted to determine the thermal conductivity of salt at low temperatures. Finite element heat transfer calculations were then made to determine the refrigeration loads required to maintain the caverns at a temperature of -29 C (-20 F). This was followed by a preliminary equipment design and a cost analysis for the converted facility. The capital cost of additional equipment and its installation required for refrigerated storage is estimated to be about $13,310,000 or $160 per thousand Nm{sup 3} ($4.29 per thousand cubic feet (Mcf)) of additional working gas capacity. The additional operating costs include maintenance refrigeration costs to maintain the cavern at -29 C (-20 F) and processing costs to condition the gas during injection and withdrawal. The maintenance refrigeration cost, based on the current energy cost of about $13.65 per megawatt-hour (MW-hr) ($4 per million British thermal units (MMBtu)), is expected to be about $316,000 after the first year and to decrease as the rock surrounding the cavern is cooled. After 10 years, the cost of maintenance refrigeration based on the $13.65 per MW-hr ($4 per MMBtu) energy cost is estimated to be $132,000. The gas processing costs are estimated to be $2.05 per thousand Nm{sup 3} ($0.055 per Mcf) of gas injected into and withdrawn from the facility based on the $13.65 per MW-hr ($4 per MMBtu) energy cost. In Phase II of the study, laboratory tests were conducted to determine mechanical properties of salt at low temperature. This was followed by thermomechanical finite element simulations to evaluate the structural stability of the cavern during refrigerated storage. The high thermal expansion coefficient of salt is expected to result in tensile stresses leading to tensile failure in the roof, walls, and floor of the cavern as it is cooled. Tensile fracturing of the cavern roof may result in loss of containment of the gas and/or loss of integrity of the casing shoe, deeming the conversion of this facility not technically feasible.

JOel D. Dieland; Kirby D. Mellegard

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Geothermal Heat Pump System for the New 500-bed 200,000 SF Student...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Documents & Publications Oak Ridge City Center Technology Demonstration Project BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (Phase I) City of Eagan Civic Ice Arena Renovation...

306

Slovak Centre of Biomass Use for Energy Wood Fired Heating Plant in Slovakia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

brown-coal fired boilers with low efficiency. The special furnace design ensures that woody biofuel authorities CHP Planning issues Transport companies District Heating Sustainable communities Utilities Solar

307

PAD District III Stocks  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Notes: PADD 3 (the Gulf Coast) inventories, at the end of July, stood at 33.5 million barrels and are well above the normal range for this time of year. Since we have a few months more to go until the beginning of the heating season, there is still time for the plentiful stocks in the Gulf Coast to find their way up into the Midwest. Thus, even though propane stocks in the Midwest are low, this could easily not be the case by the beginning of the heating season. One slight area of concern, however, is that the Texas Eastern Pipeline (TET) is experiencing brine problems due to heavy rains and record stock builds. To help alleviate the problem, some chemical companies are shifting their propane out of TET to other storage facilities. At this time we don't feel that this will negatively affect the propane market this

308

A Method to Determine the Optimal Tank Size for a Chilled Water Storage System Under a Time-of-Use Electricity Rate Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the downtown area of Austin, it is planned to build a new naturally stratified chilled water storage tank and share it among four separated chilled water plants. An underground piping system is to be established to connect these four plants...

Zhang, Z.; Turner, W. D.; Chen, Q.; Xu, C.; Deng, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Drainage, Sanitation, and Public Facilities Districts (Virginia) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Drainage, Sanitation, and Public Facilities Districts (Virginia) Drainage, Sanitation, and Public Facilities Districts (Virginia) Drainage, Sanitation, and Public Facilities Districts (Virginia) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Program Info State Virginia Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Local Governments and Districts This legislation provides for the establishment of sanitary, sanitation, drainage, and public facilities districts in Virginia. Designated districts are public bodies, and have the authority to regulate the construction and development of sanitation and waste disposal projects in their

310

Evaluating Water Transfers in Irrigation Districts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The participation of irrigation districts (IDs) in surface water transfers from agriculture-to-municipal uses is studied by examining IDs economic and political behavior, comparing their performance with non-districts (non-IDs), and analyzing...

Ghimire, Narishwar

2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

311

Extreme Cold Weather Warning Recent subzero wind chill temperatures have understandably brought cold stress to a heighten  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extreme Cold Weather Warning Recent subzero wind chill temperatures have understandably brought for Disease Control and Prevention advise that if you are going outside in extreme cold, dress appropriately. Workers who are exposed to extreme cold or work in cold environments may be at risk of cold stress

Cantlon, Jessica F.

312

Vacant District Chair Positions (as of 1/28/2014)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) District 83 ­ Kings County (Visalia) District 84 ­ Tulare County (Porterville) REGION 12: INLAND EMPIRE: NORTHERN CALIFORNIA District 10/11 ­ Siskiyou County, Humboldt & Eureka Counties District 13 ­ Modoc, Lassen, Plumas Counties District 15 ­ Yuba & Sutter Counties District 16 ­ Tri-County Area (includes Red

Cohen, Ronald C.

313

Downtown district cooling: A 21st century approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On December 1, 1992, the Board of Directors of the Metropolitan Pier and Exposition Authority (MPEA) met on Chicago`s historic Navy Pier and ushered in a new era of competition for energy supply in Chicago. The MPEA, a state agency created for the purposes of promoting and operating fair and exposition facilities within the Chicago area (including the McCormick Place exposition center and Navy Pier), voted to accept a third-party proposal to provide district heating and cooling services to the existing McCormick Place facilities and a million square feet of new exposition space. The winning bidder was a joint venture between Trigen Energy, the nation`s largest provider of district energy services, and Peoples Gas, the gas distribution company which serves Chicago. This vote culminated two years of effort by the Energy Division of Chicago`s Department of Environment to analyze the feasibility and promote the implementation of a district energy system to serve the expanded McCormick Place and its environs in the South Loop neighborhood. Initial services began in November, 1993, with a new hot and cold water piping system interconnecting the three existing exhibition facilities. The final buildout of the system, with a combined peak demand predicted at 160 MMBtu of heating and 15,920 tons of and cooling, is scheduled for completion in the summer of 1997.

NONE

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Chilled Water Storage System and Demand Response at the University of California at Merced  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

53E 53E Chilled Water Storage System and Demand Response at the University of California at Merced J. Granderson, J.H. Dudley, S. Kiliccote, M.A. Piette Environmental Energy Technologies Division September 2009 Presented at the 9 th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Austin, TX, November 17-18, 2009, and published in the Proceedings DISCLAIMER This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information,

315

Relationship of endogenous abscisic acid to peach chilling requirement, bloom date and applied gibberellic acid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nov 27 Nov 25 Oct 100% 25 Nov 20 Nov 2 Dec 28 Nov 2 Dec 13 Nov 2 Dec 1J Nov Table 2. ABA levels as related, to chilling requirement of 1t', D I . ". ~1' 1 . 1 Cultivar W~nNot Redskin A9-69 Y5-62 I-5-17 ldtcRed Al-70 18-51. C. R. 900 1975...- tancies wer e thought to be the result of differential rest irtensities. ABA level ir lower buds of the various cultivars tended to increase 2 5 m 1'5 1. 0 0. 5 18 SEP 16 OCT 4 DEC 13 ZAll1 BUD COLLECTION DATES Figure 1, Levels of total ABA...

Derickson, Gary Wayne

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Economic Improvement Districts (Indiana) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Improvement Districts (Indiana) Improvement Districts (Indiana) Economic Improvement Districts (Indiana) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Indiana Program Type Bond Program Industry Recruitment/Support Provider Indiana Economic Development Corporation A legislative body may adopt an ordinance establishing an economic improvement district and an Economic Improvement Board to manage development in a respective district. The Board can choose to issue revenue

317

Successful Application of Heat Pumps to a DHC System in the Tokyo Bay Area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Harumi-Island District Heating & Cooling (DHC), which is located in the Tokyo Bay area, introduced the heat pump and thermal storage system with the aim of achieving minimum energy consumption, minimum environmental load, and maximum economical...

Yanagihara, R.; Okagaki, A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

District of Columbia County, District of Columbia: Energy Resources | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Columbia County, District of Columbia: Energy Resources Columbia County, District of Columbia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.9059849°, -77.0334179° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.9059849,"lon":-77.0334179,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

319

BLM Winnemucca District Office | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BLM Winnemucca District Office BLM Winnemucca District Office Jump to: navigation, search Name BLM Winnemucca District Office Short Name Winnemucca Parent Organization BLM Nevada State Office Address 5100 E. Winnemucca Blvd. Place Winnemucca, Nevada Zip 89445 Phone number 775-623-1500 Website http://www.blm.gov/nv/st/en/fo References Winnemucca District Office website[1] Divisions Place BLM Humboldt River Field Office Winnemucca, Nevada This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. BLM Winnemucca District Office is an organization based in Winnemucca, Nevada. References ↑ "Winnemucca District Office website" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=BLM_Winnemucca_District_Office&oldid=640908" Categories: Government Agencies Stubs

320

Central Oregon Irrigation District | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oregon Irrigation District Oregon Irrigation District Jump to: navigation, search Name Central Oregon Irrigation District Place Redmond, Oregon Zip 97756 Sector Hydro Product Corporation of the State of Oregon that provides municipal, industrial, and agricultural water, as well as hydropower, for central Oregon. References Central Oregon Irrigation District[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Central Oregon Irrigation District is a company located in Redmond, Oregon . References ↑ "Central Oregon Irrigation District" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Central_Oregon_Irrigation_District&oldid=343383" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Kenston School District | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenston School District Kenston School District Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenston School District Facility Kenston School District Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Kenston School District Developer Kenston School District Energy Purchaser Kenston School District Location Chagrin Falls OH Coordinates 41.39386574°, -81.30529761° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.39386574,"lon":-81.30529761,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

322

North Carolina's 4th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4th congressional district 4th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in North Carolina's 4th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in North Carolina's 4th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in North Carolina's 4th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in North Carolina's 4th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in North Carolina's 4th congressional district Progress Energy Service Company, LLC Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in North Carolina's 4th congressional district N.C. Solar Center Registered Policy Organizations in North Carolina's 4th congressional district NC Sustainable Energy Association Registered Energy Companies in North Carolina's 4th congressional district

323

Oregon's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oregon. Oregon. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Oregon's 5th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Oregon's 5th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in Oregon's 5th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in Oregon's 5th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in Oregon's 5th congressional district 6 Utility Companies in Oregon's 5th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Oregon's 5th congressional district Central Lincoln People's Utility District Smart Grid Project Pacific Northwest Generating Cooperative Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in Oregon's 5th congressional district Clean Edge Inc Registered Policy Organizations in Oregon's 5th congressional district

324

California's 46th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

th congressional district th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 46th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 46th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 46th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 46th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 46th congressional district Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in California's 46th congressional district University of Southern California-Energy Institute Registered Policy Organizations in California's 46th congressional district Clean Tech Los Angeles Registered Energy Companies in California's 46th congressional district

325

California's 31st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1st congressional district 1st congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 31st congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 31st congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 31st congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 31st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 31st congressional district Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in California's 31st congressional district University of Southern California-Energy Institute Registered Policy Organizations in California's 31st congressional district Clean Tech Los Angeles Registered Energy Companies in California's 31st congressional district

326

California's 35th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

th congressional district th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 35th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 35th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 35th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 35th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 35th congressional district Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in California's 35th congressional district University of Southern California-Energy Institute Registered Policy Organizations in California's 35th congressional district Clean Tech Los Angeles Registered Energy Companies in California's 35th congressional district

327

California's 36th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

th congressional district th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 36th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 36th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 36th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 36th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 36th congressional district Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in California's 36th congressional district University of Southern California-Energy Institute Registered Policy Organizations in California's 36th congressional district Clean Tech Los Angeles Registered Energy Companies in California's 36th congressional district

328

California's 15th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5th congressional district 5th congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in California's 15th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 15th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 15th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 15th congressional district Registered Research Institutions in California's 15th congressional district Environmental Business Cluster Registered Networking Organizations in California's 15th congressional district MetaMatrix Groupe Registered Policy Organizations in California's 15th congressional district Silicon Valley Clean Tech Alliance Solar San Jose Registered Energy Companies in California's 15th congressional district AE Biofuels Inc formerly American Ethanol Inc

329

California's 25th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

th congressional district th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 25th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 25th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 25th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 25th congressional district 6 Energy Generation Facilities in California's 25th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 25th congressional district Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in California's 25th congressional district University of Southern California-Energy Institute Registered Policy Organizations in California's 25th congressional district

330

California's 39th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

th congressional district th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 39th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 39th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 39th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 39th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 39th congressional district Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in California's 39th congressional district University of Southern California-Energy Institute Registered Policy Organizations in California's 39th congressional district Clean Tech Los Angeles Registered Energy Companies in California's 39th congressional district

331

California's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

district district 2 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 5th congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in California's 5th congressional district 4 Energy Generation Facilities in California's 5th congressional district 5 Utility Companies in California's 5th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 5th congressional district Sacramento Municipal Utility District Smart Grid Project Registered Policy Organizations in California's 5th congressional district California Energy Commission Registered Energy Companies in California's 5th congressional district Aerojet American Energy Power Systems Inc AEPS Anuvu Inc Ardent Energy Group Inc Atlantis Energy Systems Inc Aztec Solar California State Assembly Clean Energy Systems

332

California's 27th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

th congressional district th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 27th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 27th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 27th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 27th congressional district 6 Utility Companies in California's 27th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 27th congressional district Burbank Water and Power Smart Grid Project Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in California's 27th congressional district University of Southern California-Energy Institute Registered Policy Organizations in California's 27th congressional district

333

California's 34th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4th congressional district 4th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 34th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 34th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 34th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 34th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 34th congressional district Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in California's 34th congressional district University of Southern California-Energy Institute Registered Policy Organizations in California's 34th congressional district Clean Tech Los Angeles Registered Energy Companies in California's 34th congressional district

334

California's 33rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3rd congressional district 3rd congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 33rd congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 33rd congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 33rd congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 33rd congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 33rd congressional district Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in California's 33rd congressional district University of Southern California-Energy Institute Registered Policy Organizations in California's 33rd congressional district Clean Tech Los Angeles Registered Energy Companies in California's 33rd congressional district

335

California's 37th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

th congressional district th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 37th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 37th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 37th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 37th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 37th congressional district Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in California's 37th congressional district University of Southern California-Energy Institute Registered Policy Organizations in California's 37th congressional district Clean Tech Los Angeles Registered Energy Companies in California's 37th congressional district

336

LOS ANGELES, CA, DISTRICT IMPROVEMENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

33-1 LOS ANGELES, CA, DISTRICT IMPROVEMENTS Navigation Page 1. Channel Islands Harbor, CA 33-2 2. Imperial Beach, Silver Strand Shoreline, CA 33-2 3. LA-LB Harbors (LA Harbor), CA 33-2 4. Los Angeles Harbor Main Channel Deepen, CA 33-2 5. Marina Del Rey, CA 33-3 6. Morro Bay Harbor, CA 33-3 7. Newport

US Army Corps of Engineers

337

What's Next for Geothermal Heat Energy? | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

make temperatures as low as 150C more attractive for power generation in addition to district heating and other common direct thermal uses. Figure 1 was taken from http:...

338

Effect of immersion chiller management and microbial intervention strategy on Salmonella or Campylobacter post-chill carcass incidence during commercial turkey processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to thank everyone else who helped out during my research and throughout my years here at PHL. Now, down to Cain, Jack, Jan, Ruben, Koyle, Morgan, Jayson, Debbie, Jim Bob, Blair, Krissy, and Puddin, you kept me sane and helped to make the best friends... microbial intervention strategies for each independent processing facility involved in the investigation . . . . . 46 4 Plant 1: Chill Tank Measurements . 51 5 Plant 1: Bacterial Recovery. 53 6 Plant 2: Chill Tank Measurements . . . . . 55 7 Plant 2...

Cavitt, Justin Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

339

Project Profile: The Sacramento Municipal Utility District Consumnes Power Plant Solar Augmentation Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD), under the Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Heat Integration for Baseload Renewable Energy Development (HIBRED) program, is demonstrating a hybrid CSP solar energy system that takes advantage of an existing electrical generator for its power block and transmission interconnection.

340

Risk-sensitive optimal switching and applications to district energy systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Cost optimisation of energy system assets has typically been carried out under the assumption of riskRisk-sensitive optimal switching and applications to district energy systems Jhonny Gonzalez School consideration. In a flexible energy system with cogeneration and heat storage, however, it is possible

Glendinning, Paul

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Clark Public Utilities - Residential Heat Pump Loan Program | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Heat Pump Loan Program Heat Pump Loan Program Clark Public Utilities - Residential Heat Pump Loan Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Maximum Rebate Air-Source Heat Pumps: $20,000 Geothermal Heat Pumps: $30,000 Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount Air-Source Heat Pump: up to $20,000 Geothermal Heat Pumps: up to $30,000 Provider Clark Public Utilities Clark Public Utilities offers loans of up to $20,000 for air-source heat pumps and $30,000 for geothermal heat pumps. Loans will help customers cover the up-front cost of installing a highly efficient heat pump in a residence. All electrically heated homes, including manufactured homes, are eligible for the heat pump financing program, as long as the home has been

342

Massachusetts's 8th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Massachusetts's 8th congressional district: Energy Resources Massachusetts's 8th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Massachusetts. Contents 1 Registered Research Institutions in Massachusetts's 8th congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in Massachusetts's 8th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in Massachusetts's 8th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in Massachusetts's 8th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in Massachusetts's 8th congressional district Registered Research Institutions in Massachusetts's 8th congressional district Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems

343

California's 30th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0th congressional district 0th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 30th congressional district 3 Registered Networking Organizations in California's 30th congressional district 4 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 30th congressional district 5 Registered Energy Companies in California's 30th congressional district 6 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 30th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 30th congressional district Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in California's 30th congressional district University of Southern California-Energy Institute Registered Networking Organizations in California's 30th congressional

344

California's 16th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6th congressional district 6th congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in California's 16th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 16th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 16th congressional district Registered Research Institutions in California's 16th congressional district Environmental Business Cluster Registered Networking Organizations in California's 16th congressional district MetaMatrix Groupe Registered Policy Organizations in California's 16th congressional district Solar San Jose Registered Energy Companies in California's 16th congressional district BioFuelBox Corporation Chromasun Clean Tech Institute Cupertino Electric Inc EIQ Energy Inc formerly Sympagis Echelon Corporation Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Network, Inc.

345

California's 50th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

California. California. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 50th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 50th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 50th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 50th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 50th congressional district 6 Utility Companies in California's 50th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 50th congressional district San Diego Gas and Electric Company Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in California's 50th congressional district EcoElectron Ventures Inc Global Energy Network Institute Registered Policy Organizations in California's 50th congressional district

346

California's 29th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

th congressional district th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 29th congressional district 3 Registered Networking Organizations in California's 29th congressional district 4 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 29th congressional district 5 Registered Energy Companies in California's 29th congressional district 6 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 29th congressional district 7 Utility Companies in California's 29th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 29th congressional district Burbank Water and Power Smart Grid Project City of Glendale Water and Power Smart Grid Project Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in California's 29th congressional

347

Washington's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Contents Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Washington's 5th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Washington's 5th congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Washington's 5th congressional district 4 Energy Generation Facilities in Washington's 5th congressional district 5 Utility Companies in Washington's 5th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Washington's 5th congressional district Avista Utilities Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in Washington's 5th congressional district Washington State University Registered Energy Companies in Washington's 5th congressional district Itron ReliOn Energy Generation Facilities in Washington's 5th congressional district Kettle Falls Biomass Facility

348

Pennsylvania's 15th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

th congressional district th congressional district 2 Registered Energy Companies in Pennsylvania's 15th congressional district 3 Registered Financial Organizations in Pennsylvania's 15th congressional district 4 Utility Companies in Pennsylvania's 15th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Pennsylvania's 15th congressional district PPL Electric Utilities Corp. Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Pennsylvania's 15th congressional district Air Products Chemicals Inc Akrion Inc Minerals Technologies PPL Energy Services Holdings LLC PPL EnergyPlus LLC PPT Research Inc Protium Energy Technologies Registered Financial Organizations in Pennsylvania's 15th congressional district Sustainable Energy Fund of Central Eastern Pennsylvania Utility Companies in Pennsylvania's 15th congressional district

349

California's 53rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

This page represents a congressional district in California. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 53rd congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 53rd congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 53rd congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 53rd congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 53rd congressional district 6 Utility Companies in California's 53rd congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 53rd congressional district San Diego Gas and Electric Company Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in California's 53rd congressional district Global Energy Network Institute

350

California's 32nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2nd congressional district 2nd congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 32nd congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 32nd congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 32nd congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 32nd congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 32nd congressional district Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Smart Grid Demonstration Project Southern California Edison Company Smart Grid Demonstration Project Southern California Edison Company Smart Grid Demonstration Project (2) Registered Research Institutions in California's 32nd congressional district University of Southern California-Energy Institute Registered Policy Organizations in California's 32nd congressional district

351

North Carolina's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2nd congressional district 2nd congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in North Carolina's 2nd congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in North Carolina's 2nd congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in North Carolina's 2nd congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in North Carolina's 2nd congressional district Progress Energy Service Company, LLC Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in North Carolina's 2nd congressional district N.C. Solar Center Registered Policy Organizations in North Carolina's 2nd congressional district NC Sustainable Energy Association Registered Energy Companies in North Carolina's 2nd congressional district Advanced Vehicle Research Center of North Carolina Agri Ethanol Products LLC AEPNC

352

California's 51st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

California. California. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 51st congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 51st congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 51st congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 51st congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 51st congressional district 6 Energy Generation Facilities in California's 51st congressional district 7 Utility Companies in California's 51st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 51st congressional district San Diego Gas and Electric Company Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in California's 51st congressional district

353

Washington's 7th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7th congressional district: Energy Resources 7th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Washington. Contents 1 Registered Research Institutions in Washington's 7th congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in Washington's 7th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in Washington's 7th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in Washington's 7th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in Washington's 7th congressional district Registered Research Institutions in Washington's 7th congressional district ARCH Venture Partners (Washington) Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center

354

Alternative Fuels Data Center: School District Emissions Reduction Policies  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

School District School District Emissions Reduction Policies to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: School District Emissions Reduction Policies on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: School District Emissions Reduction Policies on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: School District Emissions Reduction Policies on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: School District Emissions Reduction Policies on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: School District Emissions Reduction Policies on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: School District Emissions Reduction Policies on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type School District Emissions Reduction Policies

355

Nebraska's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nebraska. Nebraska. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Nebraska's 1st congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Nebraska's 1st congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Nebraska's 1st congressional district 4 Utility Companies in Nebraska's 1st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Nebraska's 1st congressional district Cuming County Public Power District Smart Grid Project Stanton County Public Power District Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in Nebraska's 1st congressional district University of Nebraska-Lincoln and University of Florida (Building Energy Efficient Homes for America) Registered Energy Companies in Nebraska's 1st congressional district Axis Technologies Group Inc

356

California's 52nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

California. California. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 52nd congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 52nd congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 52nd congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 52nd congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 52nd congressional district 6 Utility Companies in California's 52nd congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 52nd congressional district San Diego Gas and Electric Company Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in California's 52nd congressional district Global Energy Network Institute Registered Policy Organizations in California's 52nd congressional district

357

Oregon's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oregon. Oregon. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Oregon's 3rd congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Oregon's 3rd congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in Oregon's 3rd congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in Oregon's 3rd congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in Oregon's 3rd congressional district 6 Utility Companies in Oregon's 3rd congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Oregon's 3rd congressional district Pacific Northwest Generating Cooperative Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in Oregon's 3rd congressional district Clean Edge Inc Registered Policy Organizations in Oregon's 3rd congressional district Bonneville Environmental Foundation

358

Groundwater Conservation Districts (Texas) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Conservation Districts (Texas) Conservation Districts (Texas) Groundwater Conservation Districts (Texas) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Texas Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Texas Commission on Environmental Quality Groundwater Conservation Districts, as created following procedures described in Water Code 36, are designed to provide for the conservation, preservation, protection, recharging, and prevention of waste of groundwater, and of groundwater reservoirs or their subdivisions, and to

359

District of Columbia | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sustainable Energy Utility - Residential Energy Efficiency Program Sustainable Energy Utility - Residential Energy Efficiency Program (District of Columbia) The District of Columbia Sustainable Energy Utility currently offers the Residential Energy Efficiency Program. The program provides incentives to residents who complete qualifying home energy upgrades. Qualifying items include refrigerators, clothes washers, LED lighting and CFL lighting upgrades. Appliances and lighting equipment must be Energy Star rated. More information on program requirements can be found on the program website. October 16, 2013 Sustainable Energy Utility - D.C. Home Performance (District of Columbia) The District of Columbia Sustainable Energy Utility currently offers the D.C. Home Performance program (DCHP). DCHP provides a $500 incentive to

360

Regional Districts, Commissions, and Authorities (South Carolina) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Regional Districts, Commissions, and Authorities (South Carolina) Regional Districts, Commissions, and Authorities (South Carolina) Regional Districts, Commissions, and Authorities (South Carolina) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State South Carolina Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Regional Districts, Commissions, and Authorities

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Conservation Districts (Montana) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Conservation Districts (Montana) Conservation Districts (Montana) Conservation Districts (Montana) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Montana Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation Local Conservation Districts in the state of Montana may be formed by

362

Natural Resources Districts (Nebraska) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Districts (Nebraska) Districts (Nebraska) Natural Resources Districts (Nebraska) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Natural Resources This statute establishes Natural Resources District, encompassing all of

363

California's 21st congressional district: Energy Resources |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

California's 21st congressional district Dinuba Biomass Facility Fresno Biomass Facility Sun Harvest Solar Project Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCalifornia...

364

California's 20th congressional district: Energy Resources |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

district Delano Biomass Facility Fresno Biomass Facility Mendota Biomass Facility Sun Harvest Solar Project Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCalifornia...

365

California's 19th congressional district: Energy Resources |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facility Fresno Biomass Facility Madera Biomass Facility SPI Sonora Biomass Facility Sun Harvest Solar Project Utility Companies in California's 19th congressional district...

366

Connecticut's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Connecticut's 2nd congressional district Connecticut Municipal Electric Energy Cooperative Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleConnecticut%27s2ndcongressional...

367

Electric District No. 3- Solar Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Electric District No. 3 of Pinal County (ED3) provides incentives for their residential and business customers to invest in photovoltaics (PV). Residential and commercial customers installing PV...

368

Connecticut's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Hydrogen Inc LiquidPiston Inc Nxegen SmartPower United Technologies Corp Registered Financial Organizations in Connecticut's 1st congressional district The Hartford Retrieved...

369

California's 45th congressional district: Energy Resources |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Companies in California's 45th congressional district Chuckawalla Valley State Prison Energy Insurance Brokers HelioPower Inc Nationwide Solar Funding Real Goods...

370

Prospects for District Heating in the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...steam-electric plants. D Syngas plants E Oil steam-electric...Syncrude burned at 63% efficiency Syngas burned at 75% efficiency...efficiencies of75 percent for gas burners and 63 percent for oil burners and mid-1975 prices of energy...

J. Karkheck; J. Powell; E. Beardsworth

1977-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

371

Marketing the Klamath Falls Geothermal District Heating system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The new marketing strategy for the Klamath Falls system has concentrated on offering the customer an attractive and easy to understand rate structure, reduced retrofit cost and complexity for his building along with an attractive package of financing and tax credits. Initial retrofit costs and life-cycle cost analysis have been conducted on 22 buildings to date. For some, the retrofit costs are simply too high for the conversion to make sense at current geothermal rates. For many, however, the prospects are good. At this writing, two new customers are now connected and operating with 5 to 8 more buildings committed to connect this construction season after line extensions are completed. This represents nearly a 60% increase in the number of buildings connected to the system and a 40% increase in system revenue.

Rafferty, K.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Sensor Fusion - Applying sensor fusion in a district heating substation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Many machines in these days have sensors to collect information from the world they inhabit. The correctness of this information is crucial for the correct (more)

Kangerud, Jim

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Biomass District Heat System for Interior Rural Alaska Villages  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Alaska Village Initiatives (AVI) from the outset of the project had a goal of developing an integrated village approach to biomass in Rural Alaskan villages. A successful biomass project had to be ecologically, socially/culturally and economically viable and sustainable. Although many agencies were supportive of biomass programs in villages none had the capacity to deal effectively with developing all of the tools necessary to build a complete integrated program. AVI had a sharp learning curve as well. By the end of the project with all the completed tasks, AVI developed the tools and understanding to connect all of the dots of an integrated village based program. These included initially developing a feasibility model that created the capacity to optimize a biomass system in a village. AVI intent was to develop all aspects or components of a fully integrated biomass program for a village. This meant understand the forest resource and developing a sustainable harvest system that included the right sized harvest equipment for the scale of the project. Developing a training program for harvesting and managing the forest for regeneration. Making sure the type, quality, and delivery system matched the needs of the type of boiler or boilers to be installed. AVI intended for each biomass program to be of the scale that would create jobs and a sustainable business.

Wall, William A.; Parker, Charles R.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Prospects for District Heating in the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...proposed nuclear power complex at...buried to the specifications of the cold...accommo-date the insulation cost and...be-tween fission power plants and large...reduction in thermal efficiency...single-purpose fossil plants requires...Nuclear power plants operating...with better insulation characteristics...

J. Karkheck; J. Powell; E. Beardsworth

1977-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

375

November 20, 2012 Webinar: District Heating with Renewable Energy...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

neutrality. Download the presentation. Advancing Energy Systems through Integration Ever-Green Energy shared their experiences with integrated energy system planning and design,...

376

Uncertainty Analysis for a Virtual Flow Meter Using an Air-Handling Unit Chilled Water Valve  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A virtual water flow meter is developed that uses the chilled water control valve on an air-handling unit as a measurement device. The flow rate of water through the valve is calculated using the differential pressure across the valve and its associated coil, the valve command, and an empirically determined valve characteristic curve. Thus, the probability of error in the measurements is significantly greater than for conventionally manufactured flow meters. In this paper, mathematical models are developed and used to conduct uncertainty analysis for the virtual flow meter, and the results from the virtual meter are compared to measurements made with an ultrasonic flow meter. Theoretical uncertainty analysis shows that the total uncertainty in flow rates from the virtual flow meter is 1.46% with 95% confidence; comparison of virtual flow meter results with measurements from an ultrasonic flow meter yielded anuncertainty of 1.46% with 99% confidence. The comparable results from the theoretical uncertainty analysis and empirical comparison with the ultrasonic flow meter corroborate each other, and tend to validate the approach to computationally estimating uncertainty for virtual sensors introduced in this study.

Song, Li; Wang, Gang; Brambley, Michael R.

2013-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

377

Residential heating conservation in Krakow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A four-building conservation experiment was conducted in Krakow, Poland, during the 1992--1993 and 1993--1994 winters, aimed at determining potential savings of heat in typical multifamily residential buildings connected to the district heat network. Four identical multifamily buildings were selected for measurement and retrofitting. Together with the U.S. team, the local district heat utility, the Krakow development authority, and a Polish energy-efficiency foundation designed and conducted the 264-residence test of utility, building, and occupant conservation strategies during the 1992--1993 winter Baseline data were collected on each building prior to any conservation work. A different scope of work was planned and executed for each building, ranging from controls at the building level only to thermostatic valve control and weatherization. The project team has identified and demonstrated affordable and effective conservation technologies that can be applied to Krakow`s existing concrete-element residential housing. The results suggest that conservation strategies will be key to many alternatives in Krakow`s plan to eliminate low-emission air pollution sources. Conservation can allow connecting more customers to the utility network and eliminating local boilers without requiring construction of new combined heat and power plants. It can reduce heat costs for customers converting from solid-fuel heat sources to less polluting sources. By reducing heat demand, more customers can be served by existing gas and electric distribution systems.

Markel, L.C. [Electrotek Concepts, Knoxville, TN (United States); Reeves, G. [George Reeves Associates, Lake Hopatcong, NJ (United States); Gula, A.; Szydlowski, R.F. [Battelle Pacific Northwest Labs., Richland, WA (United States)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

An Integrated Pest Management survey of Texas school districts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

control were contracted with licensed companies for almost 90% of Texas districts. The principle in-house pest control practices (77.3%) were for weed control. A majority of districts (56.3%) were considered small (district), and most...

Shodrock, Damon Leon

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

379

Response of the District of Columbia Public Service Commission...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of the District of Columbia Public Service Commission Response of the District of Columbia Public Service Commission Docket No. EO-05-01: Response of the District of Columbia...

380

Energy Sources and Systems Analysis: 40 South Lincoln Redevelopment District (Full Report)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a case study to analyze district energy systems for their potential use in a project that involves redeveloping 270 units of existing public housing, along with other nearby sites. When complete, the redevelopment project will encompass more than 900 mixed-income residential units, commercial and retail properties, and open space. The analysis estimated the hourly heating, cooling, domestic hot water, and electric loads required by the community; investigated potential district system technologies to meet those needs; and researched available fuel sources to power such systems.

Not Available

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Long-Term Evolution of Anthropogenic Heat Fluxes into a Subsurface Urban Heat Island  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, we develop an analytical heat flux model to investigate possible drivers such as increased ground surface temperatures (GSTs) at artificial surfaces and heat losses from basements of buildings, sewage systems, subsurface district heating networks, and reinjection of thermal wastewater. ... Although only 41 of the original wells in 1977 could be used for measurements in 2011, both measurement campaigns yield representative regional GWT distributions because of the homogeneous distribution of the wells within the study area (Figure 1). ...

Kathrin Menberg; Philipp Blum; Axel Schaffitel; Peter Bayer

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

382

Colorado's 7th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7th congressional district 7th congressional district 2 Registered Policy Organizations in Colorado's 7th congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Colorado's 7th congressional district 4 Energy Generation Facilities in Colorado's 7th congressional district Registered Research Institutions in Colorado's 7th congressional district Colorado School of Mines - Colorado Energy Research Institute National Renewable Energy Laboratory Registered Policy Organizations in Colorado's 7th congressional district Colorado Renewable Energy Society Registered Energy Companies in Colorado's 7th congressional district Abengoa Solar Ampulse Ampulse Corporation Ascent Solar Blue Sun Biodiesel LLC CCBI, Inc. Colorado Fuel Cell Center CFCC Coors Ceramics Distributed Generation Systems Inc Distributed Generation Systems Inc DISGEN

383

Colorado's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Colorado. Colorado. Contents 1 Registered Research Institutions in Colorado's 2nd congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in Colorado's 2nd congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in Colorado's 2nd congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in Colorado's 2nd congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in Colorado's 2nd congressional district 6 Energy Incentives for Colorado's 2nd congressional district Registered Research Institutions in Colorado's 2nd congressional district National Wind Technology Center Rocky Mountain Institute University of Colorado at Boulder Renewable and Sustainable Energy Institute Registered Networking Organizations in Colorado's 2nd congressional district American Solar Energy Society

384

Texas's 22nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Texas. Texas. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Texas's 22nd congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Texas's 22nd congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Texas's 22nd congressional district 4 Registered Financial Organizations in Texas's 22nd congressional district 5 Utility Companies in Texas's 22nd congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Texas's 22nd congressional district CenterPoint Energy Smart Grid Project Reliant Energy Retail Services, LLC Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in Texas's 22nd congressional district Institute for Energy Research Registered Energy Companies in Texas's 22nd congressional district Air and Liquid Advisors ALA American Electric Technologies Inc

385

Illinois' 6th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Illinois. Illinois. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Illinois' 6th congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in Illinois' 6th congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Illinois' 6th congressional district 4 Registered Financial Organizations in Illinois' 6th congressional district 5 Utility Companies in Illinois' 6th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Illinois' 6th congressional district City of Naperville, Illinois Smart Grid Project Registered Networking Organizations in Illinois' 6th congressional district Chicago Clean Energy Alliance Registered Energy Companies in Illinois' 6th congressional district Acciona Wind Energy USA LLC Aerotecture International Inc American Bar Association Section on Environment

386

Massachusetts's 9th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9th congressional district: Energy Resources 9th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Massachusetts. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Massachusetts's 9th congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in Massachusetts's 9th congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Massachusetts's 9th congressional district 4 Registered Financial Organizations in Massachusetts's 9th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Massachusetts's 9th congressional district NSTAR Electric & Gas Corporation Smart Grid Demonstration Project NSTAR Electric & Gas Corporation Smart Grid Demonstration Project

387

Arizona's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Contents Contents 1 Registered Research Institutions in Arizona's 1st congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in Arizona's 1st congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Arizona's 1st congressional district 4 Energy Generation Facilities in Arizona's 1st congressional district Registered Research Institutions in Arizona's 1st congressional district Northern Arizona University Registered Networking Organizations in Arizona's 1st congressional district Distributed Wind Energy Association Registered Energy Companies in Arizona's 1st congressional district Coolidge Petrosun Optimum Biodiesel Plant EV Solar Products Pacific Blue Energy Southwest Wind Power Southwest Windpower Inc Sunshine Arizona Wind Energy LLC Energy Generation Facilities in Arizona's 1st congressional district

388

California's 23rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Networking Organizations in California's 23rd congressional district Networking Organizations in California's 23rd congressional district 2 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 23rd congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in California's 23rd congressional district 4 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 23rd congressional district Registered Networking Organizations in California's 23rd congressional district California Coast Venture Forum Solar Action Network Registered Policy Organizations in California's 23rd congressional district Community Environmental Council Registered Energy Companies in California's 23rd congressional district Ashman Technologies Biodiesel Industries Inc Biodiesel of Las Vegas Inc Catalytic Solutions Inc CSI Clairvoyant Energy Clipper Windpower Clipper Windpower Inc

389

Virginia's 8th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Virginia's 8th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Virginia's 8th congressional district 2 Registered Policy Organizations in Virginia's 8th congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Virginia's 8th congressional district 4 Registered Financial Organizations in Virginia's 8th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Virginia's 8th congressional district National Rural Electric Cooperative Association Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Policy Organizations in Virginia's 8th congressional district Bordeaux International Energy Consulting, LLC Conservation International Millennium Institute The Nature Conservancy Tropical Forest Foundation Registered Energy Companies in Virginia's 8th congressional district AES Corporation AES Solar

390

California's 14th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4th congressional district 4th congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in California's 14th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 14th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 14th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 14th congressional district 6 Energy Incentives for California's 14th congressional district Registered Research Institutions in California's 14th congressional district Environmental Business Cluster Global Climate and Energy Project Google.org Stanford - Woods Institute for the Environment Stanford- Global Climate and Energy Project Stanford- Precourt Energy Efficiency Center Technology Ventures Corporation Registered Networking Organizations in California's 14th congressional

391

California's 9th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

district district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 9th congressional district 3 Registered Networking Organizations in California's 9th congressional district 4 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 9th congressional district 5 Registered Energy Companies in California's 9th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 9th congressional district Seeo, Inc Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in California's 9th congressional district Energy BioSciences Institute Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) UC Berkeley- Energy Institute UC Berkeley-Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory UC Berkeley-Transportation Sustainability Research Center UC Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of

392

Colorado's 6th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Colorado. Registered Research Institutions in Colorado's 6th congressional district ITN Energy Systems, Inc. Registered Energy Companies in Colorado's 6th congressional district...

393

Boulder Valley School District (Colorado) Power Purchase Agreement...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Boulder Valley School District (Colorado) Power Purchase Agreement Case Study Boulder Valley School District (Colorado) Power Purchase Agreement Case Study Boulder Valley School...

394

School District Success Story-A Performance Contracting Program...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

School District Success Story-A Performance Contracting Program School District Success Story-A Performance Contracting Program Provides an overview case study of Douglas County,...

395

Emergency Petition and Complaint of District of Columbia Public...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Petition and Complaint of District of Columbia Public Service Commission Emergency Petition and Complaint of District of Columbia Public Service Commission Docket No. EO-05-01:...

396

Iowa's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Iowa's 3rd congressional district Iowa Association of Municipal Utilities Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Iowa's 3rd congressional district AgraGate Carbon...

397

Ground Water Management District Rules | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District Rules Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Ground Water Management District Rules Abstract This webpage provides information...

398

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utility District Natural Gas Fueling Station  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Utility District Utility District Natural Gas Fueling Station Regulation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utility District Natural Gas Fueling Station Regulation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utility District Natural Gas Fueling Station Regulation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utility District Natural Gas Fueling Station Regulation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utility District Natural Gas Fueling Station Regulation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utility District Natural Gas Fueling Station Regulation on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utility District Natural Gas Fueling Station Regulation on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal

399

Alternative Fuels Data Center: School District Alternative Fuel Vehicle  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

School District School District Alternative Fuel Vehicle Acquisition Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: School District Alternative Fuel Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: School District Alternative Fuel Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: School District Alternative Fuel Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: School District Alternative Fuel Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: School District Alternative Fuel Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: School District Alternative Fuel Vehicle Acquisition Requirements on

400

Massachusetts's 7th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Massachusetts. Massachusetts. Contents 1 Registered Research Institutions in Massachusetts's 7th congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in Massachusetts's 7th congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Massachusetts's 7th congressional district 4 Registered Financial Organizations in Massachusetts's 7th congressional district 5 Utility Companies in Massachusetts's 7th congressional district Registered Research Institutions in Massachusetts's 7th congressional district IDC Energy Insights Registered Networking Organizations in Massachusetts's 7th congressional district Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships, Inc Registered Energy Companies in Massachusetts's 7th congressional district A123 Systems A123Systems Ameresco, Inc. Analytic Power LLC

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

California's 28th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Contents Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 28th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 28th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 28th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 28th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 28th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 28th congressional district Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in California's 28th congressional district University of Southern California-Energy Institute Registered Policy Organizations in California's 28th congressional district Clean Tech Los Angeles

402

Washington's 6th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Washington's 6th congressional district Clean Tech Trade Alliance Registered Energy Companies in Washington's 6th congressional district Inventure Chemical Technology Structural...

403

V E N T U R A B A S I N GEOTHERMAL DISTRICT 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DISTRICT 3 DISTRICT 6 DISTRICT 5 DISTRICT 4 DISTRICT 2 DISTRICT 1 GEOTHERMAL DISTRICT 1 GEOTHERMAL DISTRICT . Redding . .San Jose .Monterey .Salinas . Department of Conservation Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal, AND GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES WILLIAM F. GUERARD, JR., State Oil and Gas Supervisor 4443 2120 22 23 24 25 46 2 11 13

404

Texas's 10th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

th congressional district: Energy Resources th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Texas. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Texas's 10th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Texas's 10th congressional district 3 Registered Networking Organizations in Texas's 10th congressional district 4 Registered Policy Organizations in Texas's 10th congressional district 5 Registered Energy Companies in Texas's 10th congressional district 6 Registered Financial Organizations in Texas's 10th congressional district 7 Utility Companies in Texas's 10th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Texas's 10th congressional district

405

Colorado's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3rd congressional district 3rd congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in Colorado's 3rd congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in Colorado's 3rd congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in Colorado's 3rd congressional district 5 Energy Incentives for Colorado's 3rd congressional district 6 Utility Companies in Colorado's 3rd congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Colorado's 3rd congressional district Black Hills/Colorado Electric Utility Co. Smart Grid Project Registered Networking Organizations in Colorado's 3rd congressional district Haiti Repowered Peak Oil Awareness Network Peak Oil Food Network Registered Policy Organizations in Colorado's 3rd congressional district Sustainability Center of the Rockies Registered Energy Companies in Colorado's 3rd congressional district

406

Colorado's 4th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4th congressional district 4th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Colorado's 4th congressional district 3 Registered Networking Organizations in Colorado's 4th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in Colorado's 4th congressional district 5 Energy Incentives for Colorado's 4th congressional district 6 Utility Companies in Colorado's 4th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Colorado's 4th congressional district City of Fort Collins Utilities Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in Colorado's 4th congressional district CSU - Institute for the Built Environment Renewable Energy Tech School Registered Networking Organizations in Colorado's 4th congressional district Northern Colorado Clean Cities Registered Energy Companies in Colorado's 4th congressional district

407

Geothermal Systems are a Breath of Fresh Air for Illinois School District |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Geothermal Systems are a Breath of Fresh Air for Illinois School Geothermal Systems are a Breath of Fresh Air for Illinois School District Geothermal Systems are a Breath of Fresh Air for Illinois School District May 24, 2010 - 11:01am Addthis Each classroom has a geothermal unit installed. Although large, the units blend into surroundings and don’t produce excess noise. | Photo Courtesy of Sterling Public Schools Each classroom has a geothermal unit installed. Although large, the units blend into surroundings and don't produce excess noise. | Photo Courtesy of Sterling Public Schools Lindsay Gsell Superintendent Tad Everett had two priorities when deciding on a new system to replace the aging oil-based boiler heating and cooling systems for the seven schools in his district: improving learning environments and saving

408

Geothermal Systems are a Breath of Fresh Air for Illinois School District |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Geothermal Systems are a Breath of Fresh Air for Illinois School Geothermal Systems are a Breath of Fresh Air for Illinois School District Geothermal Systems are a Breath of Fresh Air for Illinois School District May 24, 2010 - 11:01am Addthis Each classroom has a geothermal unit installed. Although large, the units blend into surroundings and don’t produce excess noise. | Photo Courtesy of Sterling Public Schools Each classroom has a geothermal unit installed. Although large, the units blend into surroundings and don't produce excess noise. | Photo Courtesy of Sterling Public Schools Lindsay Gsell Superintendent Tad Everett had two priorities when deciding on a new system to replace the aging oil-based boiler heating and cooling systems for the seven schools in his district: improving learning environments and saving

409

The design, construction, and calibration of a heat exchanger calorimeter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laboratories, is described by Maxwell et al. ]2]. This paper is a general discussion of the different capabilities of the test system, which is intended for undergraduate teaching, along v ith graduate research. The discussion on coil studies and extended... consists of' four systems. The hot water system (I) provides continuously heated water to the test coil (2). The chilled water system (3) cools the water circulating through the auxiliary coil (4). The auxiliary coil is Auxi1i a r g Coi1 Blower Nozz1e...

Lovelady, Jeffery Paul

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

410

Conservation Districts (South Dakota) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

South Dakota) South Dakota) Conservation Districts (South Dakota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State South Dakota Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider South Dakota Association of Conservation Districts A Conservation District can be established by petition of registered voters

411

Waste Heat Powered Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration Unit for LPG Recovery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An emerging DOE-sponsored technology has been deployed. The technology recovers light ends from a catalytic reformer plant using waste heat powered ammonia absorption refrigeration. It is deployed at the 17,000 bpd Bloomfield, New Mexico refinery of Western Refining Company. The technology recovers approximately 50,000 barrels per year of liquefied petroleum gas that was formerly being flared. The elimination of the flare also reduces CO2 emissions by 17,000 tons per year, plus tons per year reductions in NOx, CO, and VOCs. The waste heat is supplied directly to the absorption unit from the Unifiner effluent. The added cooling of that stream relieves a bottleneck formerly present due to restricted availability of cooling water. The 350oF Unifiner effluent is cooled to 260oF. The catalytic reformer vent gas is directly chilled to minus 25oF, and the FCC column overhead reflux is chilled by 25oF glycol. Notwithstanding a substantial cost overrun and schedule slippage, this project can now be considered a success: it is both profitable and highly beneficial to the environment. The capabilities of directly-integrated waste-heat powered ammonia absorption refrigeration and their benefits to the refining industry have been demonstrated.

Donald C, Energy Concepts Co.; Lauber, Eric, Western Refining Co.

2008-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

412

California's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

California. California. Contents 1 Registered Research Institutions in California's 1st congressional district 2 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 1st congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in California's 1st congressional district 4 Energy Generation Facilities in California's 1st congressional district Registered Research Institutions in California's 1st congressional district California Lighting Technology Center (University of California, Davis) Western Cooling Efficiency Center Registered Policy Organizations in California's 1st congressional district California Fuel Cell Partnership Solar Living Institute Registered Energy Companies in California's 1st congressional district AMG Energy Advanced Energy Products Advanced Energy Products Corp AEP

413

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Metropolitan Utilities District Fuels  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Metropolitan Utilities Metropolitan Utilities District Fuels Vehicles With Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Metropolitan Utilities District Fuels Vehicles With Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Metropolitan Utilities District Fuels Vehicles With Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Metropolitan Utilities District Fuels Vehicles With Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Metropolitan Utilities District Fuels Vehicles With Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Metropolitan Utilities District Fuels Vehicles With Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Metropolitan Utilities District Fuels Vehicles With Natural Gas on

414

District of Columbia | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

March 17, 2010 March 17, 2010 Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman's Remarks to the Washington Institute for Near East Policy March 17, 2010 March 15, 2010 District of Columbia Recovery Act State Memo The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation's energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in the District of Columbia reflect a broad range of clean energy projects, from energy efficiency and the smart grid to renewable energy and advanced battery manufacturing. Through these investments, the District of Columbia's businesses, non-profits, and local governments are creating quality jobs today and positioning the District of Columbia to play an important role in the new energy economy of the future. March 1, 2010

415

Modesto Irrigation District | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modesto Irrigation District Modesto Irrigation District (Redirected from MID) Jump to: navigation, search Name Modesto Irrigation District Place Modesto, California Utility Id 12745 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes ISO CA Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] SGIC[2] Energy Information Administration Form 826[3] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Modesto Irrigation District Smart Grid Project was awarded $1,493,149

416

Harquahala Valley Pwr District | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Harquahala Valley Pwr District Harquahala Valley Pwr District Jump to: navigation, search Name Harquahala Valley Pwr District Place Arizona Utility Id 8139 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Buying Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Gin Commercial Irrigation Pumping Commercial Non-Irrigation Agriculture Commercial Average Rates Industrial: $0.0565/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Harquahala_Valley_Pwr_District&oldid=410799

417

Vera Irrigation District | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vera Irrigation District Vera Irrigation District Jump to: navigation, search Name Vera Irrigation District #15 Place Washington Utility Id 19784 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png LARGE POWER Commercial LARGE POWER INDUSTRIAL Industrial NEW SMALL GENERAL Commercial RESIDENTIAL RATES Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.0556/kWh Commercial: $0.0582/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Vera_Irrigation_District&oldid=411927

418

Solidere : the battle for Beirut's Central District  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Beirut Central District was destroyed during the Lebanese Civil War which extended from 1975 to 1990. Unable to reconstruct the center itself, the Lebanese government turned to a private Real Estate Holding Company ...

Mango, Tamam, 1981-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Argonne partners with Metropolitan Water Reclamation District...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Scientists at Argonne and the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District hope to map the Chicago River microbe population and how it changes during daily events like storms as well as...

420

PEP Classroom Observation Protocol Project # _______ District __________________________ School ________________________________________  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PEP Classroom Observation Protocol Project # _______ District __________________________ School (mark all that apply) Demonstrate or confirm known concepts/procedures Demonstrate or confirm known concepts/procedures Explore ideas, test conjectures, look for patterns Explore ideas, test conjectures

Lee, Carl

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Questions about Groundwater Conservation Districts in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Groundwater conservation districts (GCDs) are being created in many parts of Texas to allow local citizens to manage and protect their groundwater. This publication answers frequently asked questions about groundwater and GCDs....

Lesikar, Bruce J.; Silvy, Valeen

2008-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

422

Industrial Revenue Bond Program (District of Columbia)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The District provides below market bond financing to lower the costs of borrowing for qualified capital construction and renovation projects. The program is available to non-profits, institutions,...

423

Aguila Irrigation District | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aguila Irrigation District Aguila Irrigation District Jump to: navigation, search Name Aguila Irrigation District Place Arizona Utility Id 737 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Buying Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Rate 3 Commercial Average Rates Industrial: $0.0582/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Aguila_Irrigation_District&oldid=408941" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases

424

Ohio's 7th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7th congressional district: Energy Resources 7th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Ohio. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Ohio's 7th congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in Ohio's 7th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in Ohio's 7th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in Ohio's 7th congressional district 5 Utility Companies in Ohio's 7th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Ohio's 7th congressional district Columbus Southern Power Company (doing business as AEP Ohio) Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Networking Organizations in Ohio's 7th congressional district

425

Oregon's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oregon's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Oregon's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Oregon. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Oregon's 1st congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Oregon's 1st congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in Oregon's 1st congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in Oregon's 1st congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in Oregon's 1st congressional district 6 Utility Companies in Oregon's 1st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Oregon's 1st congressional district Pacific Northwest Generating Cooperative Smart Grid Project

426

California's 8th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8th congressional district: Energy Resources 8th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in California. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 8th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 8th congressional district 3 Registered Networking Organizations in California's 8th congressional district 4 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 8th congressional district 5 Registered Energy Companies in California's 8th congressional district 6 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 8th congressional district 7 Energy Generation Facilities in California's 8th congressional district

427

Property:ManagingDistrictOffice | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ManagingDistrictOffice ManagingDistrictOffice Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ManagingDistrictOffice Property Type Page Pages using the property "ManagingDistrictOffice" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) B BLM-NV-WN-ES-08-01-1310, NV-020-08-01 + BLM Winnemucca District Office + C CA-017-05-051 + BLM Bishop Field Office + CA-170-02-15 + BLM Central California District Office + CA-650-2005-086 + BLM California Desert District Office + CA-670-2010-107 + BLM California Desert District Office + CA-670-2010-CX + BLM California Desert District Office + D DOE-EA-1116 + DOE Golden Field Office + DOE-EA-1621 + DOE Golden Field Office + DOE-EA-1733 + DOE Golden Field Office + DOE-EA-1759 + DOE Golden Field Office + DOI-BLM-CA-C050-2009-0005-EA + BLM Central California District Office +

428

New York's 7th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7th congressional district: Energy Resources 7th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in New York. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in New York's 7th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in New York's 7th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in New York's 7th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in New York's 7th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in New York's 7th congressional district 6 Utility Companies in New York's 7th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in New York's 7th congressional district Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc. Smart Grid

429

Idaho's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Idaho's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Idaho's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Idaho. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Idaho's 1st congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Idaho's 1st congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Idaho's 1st congressional district 4 Energy Generation Facilities in Idaho's 1st congressional district 5 Utility Companies in Idaho's 1st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Idaho's 1st congressional district Idaho Power Company Smart Grid Project M2M Communications Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in Idaho's 1st congressional district

430

California's 49th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

th congressional district: Energy Resources th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in California. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 49th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 49th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 49th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 49th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 49th congressional district 6 Utility Companies in California's 49th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 49th congressional district

431

New York's 21st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1st congressional district: Energy Resources 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in New York. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in New York's 21st congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in New York's 21st congressional district 3 Registered Networking Organizations in New York's 21st congressional district 4 Registered Policy Organizations in New York's 21st congressional district 5 Registered Energy Companies in New York's 21st congressional district 6 Registered Financial Organizations in New York's 21st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in New York's 21st congressional district

432

Texas's 18th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8th congressional district: Energy Resources 8th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Texas. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Texas's 18th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Texas's 18th congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Texas's 18th congressional district 4 Registered Financial Organizations in Texas's 18th congressional district 5 Utility Companies in Texas's 18th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Texas's 18th congressional district CenterPoint Energy Smart Grid Project Reliant Energy Retail Services, LLC Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in Texas's 18th congressional district

433

Texas's 9th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9th congressional district: Energy Resources 9th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Texas. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Texas's 9th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Texas's 9th congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Texas's 9th congressional district 4 Registered Financial Organizations in Texas's 9th congressional district 5 Utility Companies in Texas's 9th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Texas's 9th congressional district CenterPoint Energy Smart Grid Project Reliant Energy Retail Services, LLC Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in Texas's 9th congressional district

434

Arizona's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Arizona's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources Arizona's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Arizona. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Arizona's 5th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Arizona's 5th congressional district 3 Registered Networking Organizations in Arizona's 5th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in Arizona's 5th congressional district 5 Utility Companies in Arizona's 5th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Arizona's 5th congressional district Salt River Project Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in Arizona's 5th congressional district

435

California's 12th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

California's 12th congressional district: Energy Resources California's 12th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in California. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 12th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 12th congressional district 3 Registered Networking Organizations in California's 12th congressional district 4 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 12th congressional district 5 Registered Energy Companies in California's 12th congressional district 6 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 12th congressional district 7 Energy Generation Facilities in California's 12th congressional district

436

Washington's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Washington's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources Washington's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Washington. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Washington's 2nd congressional district 2 Registered Energy Companies in Washington's 2nd congressional district 3 Energy Generation Facilities in Washington's 2nd congressional district 4 Utility Companies in Washington's 2nd congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Washington's 2nd congressional district Snohomish County Public Utilities District Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Washington's 2nd congressional district Mercurius Biofuels LLC

437

Florida's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3rd congressional district: Energy Resources 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Florida. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Florida's 3rd congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in Florida's 3rd congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Florida's 3rd congressional district 4 Energy Generation Facilities in Florida's 3rd congressional district 5 Utility Companies in Florida's 3rd congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Florida's 3rd congressional district Intellon Corporation Smart Grid Project JEA Smart Grid Project Registered Networking Organizations in Florida's 3rd congressional district

438

Tennessee's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tennessee's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources Tennessee's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Tennessee. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Tennessee's 2nd congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Tennessee's 2nd congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in Tennessee's 2nd congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in Tennessee's 2nd congressional district 5 Utility Companies in Tennessee's 2nd congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Tennessee's 2nd congressional district Knoxville Utilities Board Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in Tennessee's 2nd congressional district

439

Washington's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1st congressional district: Energy Resources 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Washington. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Washington's 1st congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in Washington's 1st congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Washington's 1st congressional district 4 Registered Financial Organizations in Washington's 1st congressional district 5 Utility Companies in Washington's 1st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Washington's 1st congressional district Snohomish County Public Utilities District Smart Grid Project Registered Networking Organizations in Washington's 1st congressional

440

Ohio's 15th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5th congressional district: Energy Resources 5th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Ohio. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Ohio's 15th congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in Ohio's 15th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in Ohio's 15th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in Ohio's 15th congressional district 5 Utility Companies in Ohio's 15th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Ohio's 15th congressional district Columbus Southern Power Company (doing business as AEP Ohio) Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Networking Organizations in Ohio's 15th congressional district

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

New York's 11th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

th congressional district: Energy Resources th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in New York. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in New York's 11th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in New York's 11th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in New York's 11th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in New York's 11th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in New York's 11th congressional district 6 Utility Companies in New York's 11th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in New York's 11th congressional district Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc. Smart Grid

442

Colorado's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Colorado's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Colorado's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Colorado. Contents 1 Registered Research Institutions in Colorado's 1st congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in Colorado's 1st congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in Colorado's 1st congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in Colorado's 1st congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in Colorado's 1st congressional district 6 Energy Incentives for Colorado's 1st congressional district Registered Research Institutions in Colorado's 1st congressional district Colorado Renewable Energy Collaboratory

443

Texas's 13th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Texas's 13th congressional district: Energy Resources Texas's 13th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Texas. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Texas's 13th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Texas's 13th congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Texas's 13th congressional district 4 Utility Companies in Texas's 13th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Texas's 13th congressional district Golden Spread Electric Cooperative, Inc. Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in Texas's 13th congressional district Alternative Energy Institute Registered Energy Companies in Texas's 13th congressional district

444

Texas's 14th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

th congressional district: Energy Resources th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Texas. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Texas's 14th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Texas's 14th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in Texas's 14th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in Texas's 14th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in Texas's 14th congressional district 6 Utility Companies in Texas's 14th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Texas's 14th congressional district CenterPoint Energy Smart Grid Project Reliant Energy Retail Services, LLC Smart Grid Project

445

Texas's 29th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9th congressional district: Energy Resources 9th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Texas. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Texas's 29th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Texas's 29th congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Texas's 29th congressional district 4 Registered Financial Organizations in Texas's 29th congressional district 5 Utility Companies in Texas's 29th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Texas's 29th congressional district CenterPoint Energy Smart Grid Project Reliant Energy Retail Services, LLC Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in Texas's 29th congressional district

446

Cowlitz County PUD - H2 AdvantagePlus Residential Heat Pump Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cowlitz County PUD - H2 AdvantagePlus Residential Heat Pump Program Cowlitz County PUD - H2 AdvantagePlus Residential Heat Pump Program Cowlitz County PUD - H2 AdvantagePlus Residential Heat Pump Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Heat Pumps: $450 - $1,800 Conversion from Electric Forced Air Furnace: $1,400 - $1,900 Duct Sealing: $50 - $350 Heat Pump Controls: $300 Provider Cowlitz County Public Utility District Cowlitz County PUD will provide rebates to customer homeowners who have a PUD-qualified heat pump dealer upgrade their heating system with the installation of a premium efficiency heat pump system, in accordance with the PUD's rigid set of installation standards, and who upgrade their

447

Economic feasibility of heat supply from nuclear power plants in the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear energy is regarded as competitive for urban district heating applications. Hot water heat transport systems of up to 50 miles are feasible for heat loads over 1500 MWt, and heat load density of over 130 MWt/mi/sup 2/is most suitable for nuclear applications. An incremental approach and a nuclear plant design provision for future heat extraction are recommended. Nuclear district heating technology status is discussed, particularly turbine design. Results of a study for retrofitting a major existing nuclear power plant to cogeneration operation are presented. The study indicates that for transmission distances up to 20 miles it is economical to generate and transport between 600 and 1200 MWt of district heat.

Roe, K.K.; Oliker, I.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Buildings","All Heated  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. Heating Equipment, Number of Buildings, 1999" 2. Heating Equipment, Number of Buildings, 1999" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings","All Heated Buildings","Heating Equipment (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Heat Pumps","Furnaces","Individual Space Heaters","District Heat","Boilers","Packaged Heating Units","Other" "All Buildings ................",4657,4016,492,1460,894,96,581,1347,185 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",2348,1982,240,783,397,"Q",146,589,98 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",1110,946,100,387,183,"Q",144,302,"Q" "10,001 to 25,000 .............",708,629,81,206,191,19,128,253,22

449

Buildings","All Heated  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3. Heating Equipment, Floorspace, 1999" 3. Heating Equipment, Floorspace, 1999" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings","All Heated Buildings","Heating Equipment (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Heat Pumps","Furnaces","Individual Space Heaters","District Heat","Boilers","Packaged Heating Units","Other" "All Buildings ................",67338,61602,8923,14449,17349,5534,19522,25743,4073 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",6774,5684,679,2271,1183,"Q",463,1779,250 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",8238,7090,745,2848,1350,"Q",1040,2301,"Q" "10,001 to 25,000 .............",11153,9865,1288,3047,3021,307,2047,3994,401

450

Development of ammonia-sodium bromide heat pump/dual temperature storage concept. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An effective dual temperature heat pump/storage system can be based on the use of ammoniated complex compounds as the storage medium and heat pump working fluid. This report describes the development of an ammoniated complex system, suitable for dual temperature storage, chill storage and heat pumping, as well as the hardware design required for the heat pump/storage operation. Several storage media modifications, heat exchanger designs, and reaction related parameters were investigated in terms of effective heat pumping, dual temperature storage and chill storage characteristics. The modifications were tested in a subscale prototype and compared to the results of the basic experiments performed in Phase I of this project. The computer model developed in Phase I was refined. The sorption reactions and their thermodynamic properties are described as a function of reaction progress allowing coefficient of performance (COP) predictions at varying building loads. A comparison of this system with state-of-the-art thermal storage systems was performed considering the energy density, operating cost, and the environmental impact reflected in building codes.

Rockenfeller, U.

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Playing Hot and Cold: How Can Russian Heat Policy Find Its Way Toward Energy Efficiency?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Russian district heating has a large energy-saving potential, and, therefore, need for investments. The scale of needed investments is significant: the government estimates that 70 percent of the district heating infrastructure needs replacement or maintenance, a reflection of decades of under investment. Government budgets will be unable to cover them, and iInvolvingement ofthe private industry will be critical to attracting the necessary investementis necessary. For private parties to invest in district heating facilities across Russia, and not only in pockets of already successful enterprises, regulators have to develop a comprehensive policy that works district heating systems under various conditionscost-reflective tariffs, metering, incentives for efficiency and social support for the neediest (instead of subsidies for all).

Roshchanka, Volha; Evans, Meredydd

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

452

Geothermal direct-heat utilization assistance. Quarterly progress report, April--June 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Progress is reported on the following R&D activities: evaluation of lineshaft turbine pump problems, geothermal district heating marketing strategy, and greenhouse peaking analysis. Other activities are reported on technical assistance, technology transfer, and the geothermal progress monitor.

Not Available

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Combined Heat and Power for Federal Facilities and the DOE CHP...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

technical assistance to end-users and stakeholders to help them consider CHP, waste heat to power, andor district energy with CHP in their facility and to help them through...

454

Vermont's At-large congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vermont's At-large congressional district: Energy Resources Vermont's At-large congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Vermont. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Vermont's At-large congressional district 2 Registered Policy Organizations in Vermont's At-large congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Vermont's At-large congressional district 4 Energy Generation Facilities in Vermont's At-large congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Vermont's At-large congressional district Vermont Transco, LLC Smart Grid Project Registered Policy Organizations in Vermont's At-large congressional district Clean Energy States Alliance

455

Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Wisconsin. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district 4 Registered Financial Organizations in Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district 5 Utility Companies in Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district Madison Gas and Electric Company Smart Grid Project Wisconsin Power and Light Company Smart Grid Project

456

New Mexico's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Mexico's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in New Mexico. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in New Mexico's 1st congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in New Mexico's 1st congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in New Mexico's 1st congressional district 4 Energy Generation Facilities in New Mexico's 1st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in New Mexico's 1st congressional district Ktech Corporation Smart Grid Demonstration Project Public Service Company of New Mexico Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in New Mexico's 1st congressional district

457

New Jersey's 12th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

12th congressional district: Energy Resources 12th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in New Jersey. Contents 1 Registered Research Institutions in New Jersey's 12th congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in New Jersey's 12th congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in New Jersey's 12th congressional district 4 Registered Financial Organizations in New Jersey's 12th congressional district Registered Research Institutions in New Jersey's 12th congressional district Stone & McCarthy Research Associates Registered Networking Organizations in New Jersey's 12th congressional district New Jersey's Clean Energy Program

458

New York's 13th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3th congressional district 3th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in New York's 13th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in New York's 13th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in New York's 13th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in New York's 13th congressional district 6 Utility Companies in New York's 13th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in New York's 13th congressional district Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc. Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in New York's 13th congressional district Endeavor Global GlobalData United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Vencon Management, Inc

459

Ohio's 12th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2th congressional district: Energy Resources 2th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Ohio. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Ohio's 12th congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in Ohio's 12th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in Ohio's 12th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in Ohio's 12th congressional district 5 Utility Companies in Ohio's 12th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Ohio's 12th congressional district City of Westerville, OH Smart Grid Project Columbus Southern Power Company (doing business as AEP Ohio) Smart Grid Demonstration Project

460

Massachusetts's 6th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6th congressional district: Energy Resources 6th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Massachusetts. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Massachusetts's 6th congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in Massachusetts's 6th congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Massachusetts's 6th congressional district 4 Registered Financial Organizations in Massachusetts's 6th congressional district 5 Utility Companies in Massachusetts's 6th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Massachusetts's 6th congressional district Honeywell International, Inc Smart Grid Project Marblehead Municipal Light Department Smart Grid Project

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "heat district chilled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Texas's 21st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Texas. Texas. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Texas's 21st congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Texas's 21st congressional district 3 Registered Networking Organizations in Texas's 21st congressional district 4 Registered Policy Organizations in Texas's 21st congressional district 5 Registered Energy Companies in Texas's 21st congressional district 6 Registered Financial Organizations in Texas's 21st congressional district 7 Utility Companies in Texas's 21st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Texas's 21st congressional district Center for the Commercialization of Electric Technologies Smart Grid Demonstration Project Pecan Street Project, Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in Texas's 21st congressional district

462

South Dakota's At-large congressional district: Energy Resources | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dakota's At-large congressional district: Energy Resources Dakota's At-large congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in South Dakota. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in South Dakota's At-large congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in South Dakota's At-large congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in South Dakota's At-large congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in South Dakota's At-large congressional district 5 Utility Companies in South Dakota's At-large congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in South Dakota's At-large congressional district Black Hills Power, Inc. Smart Grid Project

463

Pennsylvania's 13th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pennsylvania's 13th congressional district: Energy Resources Pennsylvania's 13th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Pennsylvania. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Pennsylvania's 13th congressional district 2 Registered Energy Companies in Pennsylvania's 13th congressional district 3 Registered Financial Organizations in Pennsylvania's 13th congressional district 4 Utility Companies in Pennsylvania's 13th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Pennsylvania's 13th congressional district PECO Energy Company Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Pennsylvania's 13th congressional district Advanced Renewables LLC

464

New York's 16th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

New York's 16th congressional district New York's 16th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in New York's 16th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in New York's 16th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in New York's 16th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in New York's 16th congressional district 6 Utility Companies in New York's 16th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in New York's 16th congressional district Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc. Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in New York's 16th congressional district Endeavor Global GlobalData United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

465

California's 26th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

26th congressional district: Energy Resources 26th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in California. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 26th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in California's 26th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in California's 26th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in California's 26th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in California's 26th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in California's 26th congressional district Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Smart Grid Demonstration

466

Maine's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maine's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Maine's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Maine. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Maine's 1st congressional district 2 Registered Energy Companies in Maine's 1st congressional district 3 Registered Financial Organizations in Maine's 1st congressional district 4 Utility Companies in Maine's 1st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Maine's 1st congressional district Central Maine Power Company Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Maine's 1st congressional district Ascendant Energy Company Inc Criterium Engineers International WoodFuels LLC

467

Tennessee's 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3rd congressional district: Energy Resources 3rd congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Tennessee. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Tennessee's 3rd congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Tennessee's 3rd congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Tennessee's 3rd congressional district 4 Utility Companies in Tennessee's 3rd congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Tennessee's 3rd congressional district Electric Power Board of Chattanooga Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in Tennessee's 3rd congressional district Energy Technology Data Exchange Oak Ridge National Laboratory

468

Massachusetts's 4th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4th congressional district: Energy Resources 4th congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Massachusetts. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Massachusetts's 4th congressional district 2 Registered Energy Companies in Massachusetts's 4th congressional district 3 Registered Financial Organizations in Massachusetts's 4th congressional district 4 Utility Companies in Massachusetts's 4th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Massachusetts's 4th congressional district NSTAR Electric Company Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Massachusetts's 4th congressional district Acela Energy Group Inc Aclara Software

469

Idaho's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2nd congressional district: Energy Resources 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. This page represents a congressional district in Idaho. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Idaho's 2nd congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Idaho's 2nd congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Idaho's 2nd congressional district 4 Utility Companies in Idaho's 2nd congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Idaho's 2nd congressional district Idaho Power Company Smart Grid Project M2M Communications Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in Idaho's 2nd congressional district Boise State University, CAES Energy Efficiency Research Institute

470

Texas's 25th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Contents Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Texas's 25th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in Texas's 25th congressional district 3 Registered Networking Organizations in Texas's 25th congressional district 4 Registered Policy Organizations in Texas's 25th congressional district 5 Registered Energy Companies in Texas's 25th congressional district 6 Registered Financial Organizations in Texas's 25th congressional district 7 Utility Companies in Texas's 25th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Texas's 25th congressional district Center for the Commercialization of Electric Technologies Smart Grid Demonstration Project Pecan Street Project, Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project Registered Research Institutions in Texas's 25th congressional district

471

New York's 10th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0th congressional district 0th congressional district 2 Registered Research Institutions in New York's 10th congressional district 3 Registered Policy Organizations in New York's 10th congressional district 4 Registered Energy Companies in New York's 10th congressional district 5 Registered Financial Organizations in New York's 10th congressional district 6 Utility Companies in New York's 10th congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in New York's 10th congressional district Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc. Smart Grid Project Registered Research Institutions in New York's 10th congressional district Endeavor Global GlobalData United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Vencon Management, Inc

472

Virginia's 5th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Registered Research Institutions in Virginia's 5th congressional district Registered Research Institutions in Virginia's 5th congressional district 2 Registered Networking Organizations in Virginia's 5th congressional district 3 Registered Energy Companies in Virginia's 5th congressional district 4 Energy Generation Facilities in Virginia's 5th congressional district Registered Research Institutions in Virginia's 5th congressional district The Global Innovation Commons Registered Networking Organizations in Virginia's 5th congressional district Virginia Energy Project Registered Energy Companies in Virginia's 5th congressional district Aker Wade Power Technologies LLC Apex Wind Energy Inc Fiberight LLC Greenlight Biofuels Greenlight Energy Resources Inc GER Multitrade Biomass Holdings LLC Sol Sage Energy Energy Generation Facilities in Virginia's 5th congressional district

473

District of Columbia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Columbia: Energy Resources Columbia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 4138106 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. The District of Columbia is the capital of the United States of America. Contents 1 State Energy Program Funding 2 Related Information 2.1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in District of Columbia 2.2 Registered Research Institutions in District of Columbia 2.3 Registered Networking Organizations in District of Columbia 2.4 Registered Policy Organizations in District of Columbia 2.5 Registered Energy Companies in District of Columbia 2.6 Registered Financial Organizations in District of Columbia 2.7 Energy Incentives for District of Columbia 2.8 Utility Companies in District of Columbia 3 References

474

Study of Applications of Solar Heating Systems with Seasonal Storage in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In most northern parts of China, it is cold in winter and needs space heating in winter. This paper studies applications of solar heating systems with seasonal storage in China. A typical residential district was selected, and a solar heating system...

Yu, G.; Zhao, X.; Chen, P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Heat refraction and heat production in and around granite plutons in north-east England  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......be expected from radiogenic heating in the granites which intrude...important concentrations in the district. 454 References Beck, A...Pleistocene climatic variations upon geothermal gradients, Am. J. Sci...155-173 in Seminar on Geothermal Energy, Commission of the......

P. C. England; E. R. Oxburgh; S. W. Richardson

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Definitions for PADD: Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

PADD Definitions PADD Definitions PADD: Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts PAD District 1 (East Coast) is composed of the following three subdistricts: Subdistrict 1A (New England): Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont. Subdistrict 1B (Central Atlantic): Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania. Subdistrict 1C (Lower Atlantic): Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia. PAD District 2 (Midwest): Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Wisconsin. PAD District 3 (Gulf Coast): Alabama, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Mexico, Texas. PAD District 4 (Rocky Mountain): Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Utah, Wyoming.

477

Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania. Contents 1 US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district 2 Registered Energy Companies in Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district 3 Registered Financial Organizations in Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district 4 Utility Companies in Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district PECO Energy Company Smart Grid Project Registered Energy Companies in Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district Advanced Renewables LLC Aircuity Inc AlumiFuel Power Inc Biofuel Advanced Research and Development LLC BARD BlackGold Biofuels Blue Hill Investment Partners LLC CDI Corporation Chameleon Optics Inc Clean Markets Energy Cooperative Association of Pennsylvania

478